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Portrait and. 






St. Charles, Lincoln and ^ 
^ Warren Counties, Missouri. 

Containing Portraits # Biographical Sketches of Prominent 
and Representative Citizens of the Counties, 

Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents 

of the United States. 



1895. -s^'O-'l^ 





R HiW.- L 

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3 HE greatest of English historians, Macaulay, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present century, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Portrait and Bio<;rai>iiical 
KECORr of this county has '; jen prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, oui 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by then 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, Tery 
man3-, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of merc3' — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
caII went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers (latter them 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograpb 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

March, 189,3. CuvrMVN I'l r.i.isiiiM. Co. 





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HE Father of our Country was born in West- 
moreland County, Va. , February 22, 1732. 
His parents were Augustine and Marj- (Ball) 
Washington. The famih- to which he belonged 
has not been satisfactorily traced in England. 
His great-grandfather, John Washington, emi- 
grated to Virginia about 1657, and became a 
prosperous planter. He had two sons, Eawrence 
and John. The former married Mildred Warner, 
and had three children, John, Augustine and 
Mildred. Augustine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore him four children, 
two of whom, Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his second mar- 
riage, George was the eldest, the others being 
Betty, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles and 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an 
estate on the Potomac, afterwards known as Mt. 
Vernon, and to George he left the parental resi- 
dence. George received only such education as 
the neighborhood schools afforded, save for a 
short time after he left school, when he received 
private instruction in mathematics. His spelling 
was rather defective. Remarkable stories are 
told of his great physical strength and develop- 
ment at an early age. He was an acknowledged 
\eader among his companions, and was early 
QOted for that nobleness of character, fairness and 
<eracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had a 
desire to go to sea, and a mid.shipman's warrant 
was secured for him, but through the opposition 
of his mother the idea was abandoned. Two 

years later he was appointed surveyor to the im- 
mense estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years in a rough frontier life, 
gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only nineteen 
years of age, he was appointed Adjutant, with the 
rank of Major, in the Virginia militia, then being 
trained for active service against the French and 
Indians. Soon after this he sailed to the West 
Indies with his brother Lawrence, who went there 
to restore his health. They soon returned, and 
in the summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did not 
long sur\-ive him. On her demise the estate of 
Mt. \'ernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle as Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia 
was reorganized, and the province divided into 
four military districts, of which the northern was 
assigned to Washington as Adjutant-General. 
Shortly after this a ver>' perilous mission, which 
others had refused, was assigned him and ac- 
cepted. This was to proceed to the French post 
near Lake Erie, in northwestern Pemisylvania. 
The distance to be traversed was about six hun- 
dred miles. Winter was at hand, and the journey 
was to be made without military escort, through 
a territory occupied bj- Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and several times he nearly lost his 
life, but he returned in safety and furnished a full 
and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of three hundred men was raised in Virginia and 
put in command of Col. Joshua Fry, and Maj. 
Washington was commissioned Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel. Active war was then begun against the 
French and Indians, in which Washington took 



a most important part. In the memorable event 
of July 9, 1755, known as "Braddock's defeat," 
Wa.shiiigt.m was almost the only officer of dis- 
tinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. 

Having been for five years in the militarj' ser\'- 
ice, and having vainly sought promotion in the 
royal army, he took advantage of the fall of Ft. Du- 
quesne and the expulsion of the French from the 
valley of the Ohio to resign his commission. Soon 
after he entered the Legislature, where, although 
not a leader, he took an active and important 
part. January 17, 1759, he married Mrs. Martha 
(Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy widow of John 
Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the 
port of Boston, the cry went up throughout the 
provinces, ' ' The cause ot Boston is the cause of 
us all! "' It was then, at the suggestion of Vir- 
ginia, that a congress of all the colonies was 
called to meet at Philadelphia September 5, 
1774, to secure their common liberties, peaceably 
if possible. To this congress Col. Washington 
was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
congress re-assembled, when the hostile inten- 
tions of England were plainly apparent. The 
battles of Concord and Lexington had been fought, 
and among the first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the Colonial 
forces. This high and responsible office was con- 
ferred upon Washington, who was still a member 
of the congress. He accepted it on June 19, but 
upon the express condition that he receive no sal- 
ary. He would keep an exact account of ex- 
penses, and expect congress to pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch 
to trace the military acts of Washington, to whom 
the fortunes and liberties of the people of this 
country were so long confided. The war was 
conducted by him under every possible disadvan- 
tage; and while his forces often met with reverses, 
yet he overcame e\-ery obstacle, and after seven 
years of heroic devotion and matchless skill he 
gained liberty for the greatest nation of earth. 
On December 23, 1783, Washington, in a parting 
address of surpa.s,sing beauty, resigned his com- 
mission as Commander-in-Chief of the army to the 

Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mt. Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning 
all connection with public life. 

In February-, 1789, Washington was unani- 
mously elected President, and at the expiration 
of his first term he was unanimously re-elected. 
At the end of this term many were anxious that he 
be re-elected, but he absolutely refused a third 
nomination. On March 4, 1797, at the expiration 
of his second term as President, he returned to his 
home, hoping to pass there his few remaining 
years free from the annoyances of public life. 
Later in the year, however, his repose seemed 
likely to be interrupted by war with France. At 
the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the army, but he chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command, he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these prepara- 
tions his life was suddenly cut off. December 12 
he took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
which, settling in his throat, produced inflamma- 
tion, and terminated fatally on the night of the 
14th. On the 1 8th his body was borne with mili- 
tary honors to its final resting-place, and interred 
in the family vault at Mt. Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible 
to speak but in terms of the highest respect and 
admiration. The more we see of the operations 
of our government, and the more deeply we feel 
the difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common 
Interest, the more highly we must estimate the 
force of his talent and character, which have been 
able to challenge the reverence of all parties, 
and principles, and nations, and to win a fame as 
extended as the limits of the globe, and which we 
cannot but believe will be as lasting as the exist- 
ence of man. 

In person, Washington was unusually tall, erect 
and well proportioned, and his muscular strength 
was great. His features were of a beausiful sym- 
metry. He commanded respect without any ap- 
pearance of haughtiness, and was ever serious 
without being dull, 



^OHN ADAMS, the second President and the 
I first Vice-President of the United States, was 
v2/ born in Braintree (now Quinc}') Mass., and 
about ten miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. 
His great-grandfather, Henry Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The parents of 
John were John and Susannah (Boylston) 
Adams. His father, who was a farmer of limited 
means, also engaged in the business of shoe- 
making. He gave his eldest son, John, a classical 
education at Hansard College. John graduated 
in 1755, and at once took charge of the school at 
Worcester, Mass. This he found but a ' ' school 
of afQiction," from which he endeavored to gain 
relief by devoting himself, in addition, tc the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. 
He had thought seriously of the clerical profes- 
sion, but seems to have been turned from this by 
what he termed "the frightful engines of ecclesi- 
astical councils, of diabolical malice, and Calvin- 
istic good nature, ' ' of the operations of which he 
had been a witness in his native town. He was 
well fitted for the legal profession, possessing a 
clear, sonorous voice, being ready and fluent of 
speech, and having quick perceptive powers. He 
gradually gained a practice, and in 1764 married 
Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, and a 
lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, in 1765, the attempt at parliaraentar>- 
taxation turned him from law to politics. He 
took initial steps toward holding a town meeting, 
and the resolutions he offered on the subject be- 
came verj' popular throughout the province, and 
were adopted word for word by over forty differ- 
ent towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and promi- 
nent advocates of the popular cause, and was 
chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
islature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 

gates from Massachusetts to the first Continent- 
al Congress, which met ni 1774. Here he dis- 
tinguished himself by his capacity for business 
and for debate, and advocated tlie movement for 
independence against the majority of the mem- 
bers. In May, 1776, he moved and carried a res- 
olution in Congress that the Colonies should 
assume the duties of self-govermuent. He was a 
prominent member of the committee of five ap- 
pointed June 1 1 to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, 
but on Adams devolved the task of battling it 
through Congress in a three-days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independ- 
ence was passed, while his sotil was yet warm 
with the glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter 
to his wife, which, as we read it now, seems to 
have been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
"Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be de- 
cided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, 'that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and in- 
dependent states.' The day is passed. The 
Fourth of July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch 
in the histor)- of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated by succeeding generations as 
the great anniversary festival. It ought to be 
commemorated as the day of deliverance by 
solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. It 
ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, games, 
sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from 
this time forward forever. You will think me 
transported with enthusiasm, but I am not. I 
am well aware of the toil and blood and treas- 
ure that it will cost to maintain this declaration 
and support and defend these States; yet, through 
all the gloom, I can see the rays of light and 
glory. I can see that the end is worth more than 
all the means, and that posterity will triumph, 


although you and I may rue, which I hope we 
shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed 
a delegate to France, and to co-operate with Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then 
in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain assistance in 
arms and money from the French government. 
This was a severe trial to his patriotism, as it 
separated him from his home, compelled him to 
cross the ocean in winter, and exposed him to 
great peril of capture by the British cruisers, who 
were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was 
again chosen to go to Paris, and there hold him- 
self in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as the 
British cabinet might be found willing to listen 
to such proposals. He sailed for France in No- 
vember, and from there he went to Holland, where 
he negotiated important loans and formed im- 
portant commercial treaties. 

Finally, a treaty of peace with England was 
signed, January 21, 1783. The re-action from the 
excitement, toil and anxiety through which Mr. 
Adams had passed threw him into a fever. After 
suffering from a continued fever and becoming 
feeble and emaciated, he was advised to go to 
England to drink the waters of Bath. While in 
England, still drooping and desponding, he re- 
ceived dispatches from his own government urg- 
ing the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health 
was delicate, yet he immediately set out, and 
through storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, he 
made the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. 
Adams envoy to the Court of St. James. Here 
he met face to face the King of England, who 
had so long regarded him as a traitor. As Eng- 
land did not condescend to appoint a minister to 
the United States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he 
was accomplishing but little, he sought permis- 
sion to return to his own countrj', where he ar- 
rived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, 
John Adams, rendered illustrious by his signal 
services at home and abroad, was chosen Vice- 

President. Again, at the second election of Wash- 
ington as President, Adams was chosen Vice- 
President. In 1796, Washington retired from 
public life, and Mr. Adams was elected President, 
though not without much opposition. Serving 
in this office four years, he was succeeded by Mr. 
Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice-President the 
great French Revolution shook the continent of 
Europe, and it was upon this point that he was 
at issue with the majority of his countrymen, led 
by Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Adams felt no sympathy 
with the French people in their struggle, for he 
had no confidence in their power of self-govern- 
ment, and he utterly abhorred the class of atheist 
philosophers who, he claimed, caused it. On the 
other hand, Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence 
originated the alienation between these distin- 
tinguished men, and the two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, with Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson leading the other in sympathy with 

The Fourth of Juh-, 1826, vv'hich completed the 
half-century since the signing of the Declaration 
of Independence, arrived, and there were but 
three of the signers of that immortal instrument 
left upon the earth to hail its morning light. 
And, as it is well known, on that day two of 
these finished their earthly pilgrimage, a coinci- 
dence so remarkable as to seem miraculous. For 
a few days before Mr. Adams had been rapidly 
failing, and on the morning of the Fourth he 
found himself too weak to rise from his bed. On 
being requested to name a toast for the cus- 
tomary celebration of the day, he exclaimed 
"Independence forever!" When the day was 
ushered in by the ringing of bells and the firing 
of cannons, he was asked by one of his attend- 
ants if he knew what day it was ? He replied, 
' ' O yes, it is the glorious Fourth of July — God 
bless it — God bless you all!" In the course of 
the day he said, "It is a great and glorious 
day." The last words he uttered were, "Jeffe> 
son survives." But he had, at one o'clock, 
resigned his spirit into the hands of his God. 




^^SStffluftC""-?' w^\ 


'HOMAS JEFFERSON was born April 2, 
1743, at Shadwell, Albemarle County, Va. 
His parents were Peter and Jane (Ran- 
dolph) Jeiferson, the fonner a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in London. To them were 
born six daughters and two sons, of whom Thomas 
was the elder. When fourteen years of age his 
father died. He received a most liberal educa- 
tion, having been kept diligently at school from 
the time he was five years of age. In 1 760 he 
entered William and Mary College. Williams- 
burg was then the seat of the Colonial court, and 
it was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old, lived 
somewhat expensively, keeping fine horses, and 
going much into gaj- society; yet he was ear- 
nestly devoted to his studies, and irreproachable in 
his morals. In the .second year of his college 
course, moved by some unexplained impulse, he 
discarded his old companions and pursuits, and 
often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard study. 
He thus attained very high intellectual culture, 
and a like excellence in philo-sophy and the lan- 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued 
in the practice of his profession he rose rapidly, 
and distinguished himself by his energy and 
acuteness as a lawyer. But the times called for 
greater action . The policy of England had awak- 
ened the spirit of resistance in the American Col- 
onies, and the enlarged views which Jeffenson had 
ever entertained soon led him into active politi- 
cal life. In 1 769 he was chosen a member of the 
Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1772 he mar- 

ried Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beautiful, 
wealthy, and highly accomplished young widow. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important com- 
mittees, and was chairman of the one appointed 
for the drawing up of a declaration of independ- 
ence. This committee consisted of Thomas Jef- 
ferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger 
Sherman and Robert R. Livingston. Jefferson, 
as chairman, was appointed to draw up the paper. 
Franklin and Adams suggested a few verbal 
changes before it was .submitted to Congress. On 
June 28, a few slight changes were made in it by 
Congress, and it was passed and signed July 4, 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry as Governor of Virginia. At one 
time the British officer Tarleton sent a secret 
expedition to Monticello to capture the Governor. 
Scarcely five minutes elapsed after the hurried 
escape of Mr. Jefferson and his family ere his 
mansion was in possession of the British troops. 
His wife's health, never very good, was much 
injured by this excitement, and in the summer 
of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Pleni- 
potentiar>- to France. Returning to the United 
States in September, 1789, he became Secretary- 
of State in Washington's cabinet. This position 
he resigned January i, 1794. In 1797, he was 
chosen Vice-President, and four years later was 
elected President over Mr. Adams, with Aaron 



Burr as Vice-President. In 1804 he was re- 
elected with wonderful unanimity, George Clin- 
ton being elected Vice-President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second ad- 
tniuistration was disturbed by an event which 
threatened the tranquilhty and peace of the Union; 
this was the conspiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated 
in the late election to the Vice-Presidency, and 
led on by an unprincipled ambition, this extraor- 
dinary man formed the plan of a military ex- 
pedition into the Spanish territories on our south- 
Western frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This was generally supposed 
to -have been a mere pretext; and although it has 
not been generally known what his real plans 
were, there is no doubt that they were of a far 
more dangerous character. 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term 
for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he de- 
termined to retire from political life. For a period 
of nearly forty years he had been continually be- 
fore the public, and all that time had been em- 
ployed in offices of the greatest trust and respon- 
sibility. Having thus devoted the best part of 
his life to the service of his country, he now felt 
desirous of that rest which his declining years re- 
quired, and upon the organization of the new ad- 
ministration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
ever to public life and retired to Monticello, his 
famous country home, which, next to Mt. Vernon, 
was the most distinguished residence in the land. 

The Fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth an- 
niversary of the Declaration of American Inde- 
pendence, great preparations were made in every 
part of the Union for its celebration as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Washington, to add to 
the solemnity' of the occasion, invited Mr. Jeffer- 
son, as the framer and one of the few surviving 
signers of the Declaration, to participate in their 
festivities. But an illness, which had been of 
several weeks' duration and had been continually 
increa.sing, compelled him to decUne the invita- 

On the 2d of July the disease under which he 
was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was 

perfectly sensible that his last hour was at hand. 
On the next day, which was Monday, he asked 
of those around him the day of the month, and 
on being told it was the 3d of July, he ex- 
pressed the earnest wish that he might be per- 
mitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth anniver- 
sary. His prayer was heard — that day whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our 
land burst upon his eyes, and then they were 
closed forever. And what a noble consummation 
of a noble life! To die on that day — the birth- 
day of a nation — the day which his own name 
and his own act had rendered glorious, to die 
amidst the rejoicings and festivities of a whole 
nation, who looked up to him as the author, un- 
der God, of their greatest blessings, was all that 
was wanting to fill up the record of his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the cham- 
pions of freedom; hand in hand, during the dark 
and desperate struggle of the Revolution, they 
had cheered and animated their desponding coun- 
trymen; for half a century they had labored to- 
gether for the good of the country, and now hand 
in hand they departed. In their lives they had 
been united in the same great cause of liberty, 
and in their deaths they were not divided. 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair, originally red, in after life be- 
came white and silvery, his complexion was fair, 
his forehead broad, and his whole countenance 
intelligent and thoughtful. He possessed great 
fortitude of mind as well as personal courage, and 
his command of temper was such that his oldest 
and most intimate friends never recollected to 
have seen him in a passion. His manners, though 
dignified, were simple and unaffected, and his 
hospitality was so unbounded that all found at 
his house a ready welcome. In conversation he 
was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic, and his 
language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writ- 
ings is discernible the care with which he formed 
his style upon the best models of antiquity. 





Joy'A^'-^ /i^ tfc<^^'5'^ 


(Tames MADISON, "Father of the Consti- 

I tutioii," and fourth Presideiitof the United 
\Z/ States, was born March i6, 1757, and died 
at his home in Virginia June 28, 1836. The 
name of James Madison is inseparably connected 
with most of the important events in that heroic 
period of our countr\- during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubhc were laid. He was 
the last of the founders of the Constitution of the 
United States to be called to his eternal reward. 

The Madison family were among the early emi- 
grants to the New World, landing upon the shores 
of the Chesapeake but fifteen years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of James Madison 
was an opulent planter, residing upon a very fine 
estate called Montpelier, in Orange County, Va. 
It was but twenty-five miles from the home of Jef- 
ferson at Monticello, and the closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustri- 
ous men from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was con- 
ducted mostly at home under a private tutor. At 
the age of eighteen he was sent to Princeton Col- 
lege, in New Jersey. Here he applied himself to 
study with the most imprudent zeal, allowing him- 
self for months but three hours' sleep out of the 
twenty-four. His health thus became so seriously 
impaired that he never recovered any vigor of 
constitution . He graduated in 1 77 1 , with a feeble 
body, but with a character of utmost purity, and 
a mind highly disciplined and richly .stored with 
learning, which embellished and gave efficiency 
to his subsequent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study 
of law and a course of extensive and systematic 
reading. This educational course, the spirit of 
the times in which he lived, and the society with 
which he associated, all combined to inspire him 
with a strong love of liberty, and to train him for 
his life-work as a statesman. 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty-six years of 

age, he was elected a member of the Virginia Con- 
vention to frame the constitution of the State. The 
next year (1777), he was a candidate for the Gen- 
eral Assembly. He refu.sed to treat the whisky-lov- 
ing voters, and consequently lost his election; but 
those who had witnessed the talent, energy and 
public .spirit of the modest young man enlisted 
themselves in his behalf, and he was appointed to 
the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry andThomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison re- 
mained member of the Council, and their apprecia- 
tion of his intellectual, social and moral worth 
contributed not a little to his suksequent eminence. 
In the year 1780 he was elected a member of the 
Continental Congress. Here he met the most il- 
lustrious men in our land, and he was immediately 
assigned to one of the most conspicuous positions 
among them. For three jears he continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential mem- 
bers. In 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no 
national government, and no power to form trea- 
ties which would be binding, or to enforce law. 
There was not any State more prominent than 
Virginia in the declaration that an efficient na- 
tional government must be formed. In January, 
1786, Mr. Madison carried a resolution through 
the General Assembly of Virginia, inviting the 
other States to appoint commi.ssioners to meet in 
convention at Annapolis to discuss this subject. 
Five States only were represented. The conven- 
tion, however, issued another call, drawn up by 
Mr. Madi.son, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the 
place of the Confederate League. The delegates 
met at the time appointed. Every State but 
Rhode Island was represented. G2orp'e Washing- 



ton was chosen president of the convention, and the 
present Constitution of the United States was then 
and there formed. There was, perhaps, no mind 
and no pen more active in framing this immortal 
document than the mind and the pen of James 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote of eightj'-one 
to seventy-nine, was to be presented to the several 
States for acceptance. But grave solicitude was 
<elt. Should it be rejected, we should be left but a 
.'onglomeration of independent States, with but 
little power at home and little respect abroad. Mr. 
Madison was elected by the convention to draw up 
an address to the people of the United States, ex- 
pounding the principles of the Constitution, and 
urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but at length it triumphed over all, 
and went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became 
the avowed leader of the Republican partj'. While 
in New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. 
Todd, a young widow of remarkable power of fas- 
cination, whom he married. She was in person 
and character queenlj', and probaby no lady has 
thus far occupied so prominent a position in the 
very peculiar society which has constituted our 
republican court as did Mrs. Madison. 

Mr. Madison sen-ed as Secretarj' of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of 
war. British orders in council destroyed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant insult. 
Mr. Madison was a man of peace. Scholarly in 
his taste, retiring in his disposition, war had no 
charms for him. But the meekest spirit can be 
roused. It makes one's blood boil, even now, to 
think of an American ship brought to upon the 
occari by the guns of an English cruiser. A 
young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great non- 
chalance he selects any number whom he may to designate as subjects, orders them 
down the ship's side into his boat, and places them 
on the gundeck of his man-of-war, to fight, by 
compulsion, the battles of England. This right 

of search and impressment no efforts of our Gov- 
ernment could induce the British cabinet to re- 

On the 1 8th of June, 18 12, President Madison 
gave his approval to an act of Congress declaring 
war against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the 
bitter hostilitj^ of the Federal party to the war, the 
country in general approved; and Mr. Madison, 
on the 4th of March, 18 13, was re-elected by a 
large majority, and entered upon his second term 
of office. This is not the place to describe the 
various adventures of this war on the land and on 
the water. Our infant navy then laid the found- 
ations of its renown in grappling with the most 
formidable power which ever swept the seas. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appearance 
of a British fleet, early in February, 18 13, in 
Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole coast 
of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as 
mediator. America accepted; England refused. 
A British force of five thousand men landed on the 
banks of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into 
Chesapeake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of 
Bladensburg, upon Washington. 

The stragghng little city of Washington was 
thrown into consternation. The cannon of the 
brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed through the 
streets of the metropolis. The whole population 
fled from the city. The President, leaving Mrs. 
Madison in the White House, with her carriage 
drawn up at the door to await his speedy return, 
hurried to meet the officers in a council of war. 
He met our troops utterly routed, and he could not 
go back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the Presidential Mansion, 
the Capitol, and all the public buildings in Wash- 
ington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and 
on Februarj^ 13, 18 15, the treaty of peace was 
signed at Ghent. On the 4th of March, 18 17, his 
second term of office expired, and he resigned the 
Presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier, and 
there passed the remainder of his days. On June 
28, 1836, at the age of eighty-five years, he fell 
asleep in death. Mrs, Madison died July 12, 1849. 





^^^,^^7—^^^ /^^-^c 


HAMSS MONROE, the fifth President of the 
I United States, was born in Westmoreland 
G) Count}-, Va., April 28, 1758. His early life 
was passed at the place of his nativitj-. His an- 
cestors had for many years resided in the province 
in which he was born. When he was seventeen 
years old, and in process of completing his educa- 
tion at William and Mary College, the Colonial 
Congress, assembled at Philadelphia to deliberate 
upon the unjust and manifold oppressions of Great 
Britain, declared the separation of the Colonies, 
and promulgated the Declaration of Independence. 
Had he been born ten years before, it is highlv 
probable that he would have been one of the 
signers of that celebrated instrument. At this 
time he left school and enlisted among the pa- 

He joined the army when everjthing looked 
hopeless and gloomy. The mmiber of deserters 
increased from day to daj-. The invading armies 
came pouring in, and the Tories not only favored 
the cause of the mother country , but disheartened 
the new recruits, who were sufficiently terrified 
at the prospect of contending with an enemy 
whom they had been taught to deem in\incible. 
To such brave spirits as James Monroe, who went 
right onward undismayed through difficulty and 
danger, the United States owe their political 
emancipation. The yoimg cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die in her 
strife for liberty. Firmly, yet sadlj-, he shared in 
the melancholy retreat from Harlem Heights 
and White Plains, and accompanied the dispirited 
armj' as it fled before its foes through New Jersey. 
In four months after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the patriots had been beaten in seven 
battles. At the battle of Trenton he led the van- 
guard, and in the act of charging upon the enemy 
he received a wound in the left shoulder. 

As a reward for his braverj-, Mr. Monroe was 
promoted to be captain of infantry-, and, having re- 
covered from his wounds, he rejoined the army. 
He, however, receded from the line of promotion 
by becoming an officer on the staff of Lord Ster- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown and 
Monmouth, he continued aide-de-camp; but be- 
coming desirous to regain his position in the 
army, he exerted himself to collect a regiment for 
the Virginia line. This scheme failed, owing to 
the exhausted condition of the State. Upon this 
failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued with consid- 
erable ardor the study of conunon law. He did 
not, however, entirely lay aside the knapsack for 
the green bag, but on the invasion of the enemy 
served as a volunteer during the two years of his 
legal pursuits. 

In 1782 he was elected from King George 
County a member of the Legislature of Virginia, 
and by that bod}- he was elevated to a seat in the 
Executive Council. He was thus honored with 
the confidence of his fellow-citizens at twenty- 
three years of age, and having at this early period 
displayed some of that ability and aptitude foi 
legislation which were afterward employed with 
unremitting energy for the public good, he was 
in the succeeding year chosen a member of the 
Congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of 
the old Confederacy, he was opposed to the new 
Constitution, thinking, with many others of the 
Republican party, that it gave too much pow-erto 
the Central Government, and not enough to the 
individual States. Still he retained the esteem 
of his friends who were its warm supporters, and 
who, notwithstanding his opposition, secured its 
adoption. In 1789 he became a member of the 
United States Senate, which office he held for 


four years. Everj' month the line of distinction 
between the two great parties which divided the 
nation, the Federal and the Republican, was 
growing more distinct. The differences which 
now separated them lay iu the fact that the Repub- 
lican party was in s)-mpathy with France, and 
also in favor of such a strict construction of the 
Constitution as to give the Central Government as 
little power, and the State Governmtnts as much 
power, as the Constitution would warrant; while 
the Federalists sympathized with England, and 
■were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which w^ould give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could pos- 
sibly authorize. 

Washington was then President. England had 
espoused the cause of the Bourbons against the 
principles of the French Revolution. All Etirope 
was drawn into the conflict. We were feeble and 
far awa}-. Washington issued a proclamation of 
neutrality between these contending powers. 
France had helped us in the struggles for our 
liberties. All the despotisms of Europe were now 
combined to prevent the French from escaping 
from a tyrauu}- a thousand-fold worse than that 
which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more mag- 
nanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a gener- 
ous and noble nature, and Washington, who could 
appreciate such a character, showed his calm, se- 
rene, almost divine, greatness, by appointing that 
ver>' James Monroe who was denouncing the pol- 
icy of the Government, as the minister of that 
Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic dem- 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. 
Monroe was elected Governor of Virginia, and 
held the ofiBce for three years. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate with Chancellor Liv- 
ingston in obtaining the vast territory then known 
as the province of Louisiana, which France had 
but shortly before obtained from Spain. Their 
united efforts were successful. For the compara- 
tively small sum of fifteen miUions of dollars, the 

entire territory of Orleans and district of Loui- 
siana were added to the United States. This was 
probably the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to 
obtain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against 
those odious impressments of our seamen. But 
England was unrelenting. He again returned to 
England on the same mission, but could receive 
no redress. He returned to his home and was 
again chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon 
resigned to accept the position of Secretary of 
State under Madison. While in this office war 
with England was declared, the Secretary of War 
resigned, and during these trying times the 
duties of the War Department were also put upon 
him. He was truly the armor-bearer of President 
Madison, and the most efficient business man in 
his cabinet. Upon the return of peace he re- 
signed the Department of War, but continued in 
the office of Secretary of State until the expira- 
tion of Mr. Madison's administration. At the 
election held the previous autumn, Mr. Monroe 
himself had been chosen President with but little 
opposition, and upon March 4, 1817, he was in- 
augurated. Four years later he was elected for 
a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States, the Missouri Compromise, and the famous 
"Monroe doctrine." This doctrine was enun- 
ciated by him in 1823, and was as follows: ' ' That 
we should consider any attempt on the part of 
European powers to extend their system to any 
portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our 
peace and safety," and that " we could not view 
any interposition for the purpose of oppressing or 
controlling American governments or provinces 
in any other light than as a manifestation by 
European powers of an unfriendly disposition 
toward the United States." 

At the end of his second term, Mr. Monroe re- 
tired to his home in Virginia, where he lived un- 
til 1830, when he went to New York to live with 
his son-in-law. In that city he died, on the 4th 
of July, 1831. 







j, ^, ALamv5 


QOHN QUINCY ADAMS, the sixth President 

I of the United States, was born in the rural 
Q) home of his honored father, John Adams, in 
Quincy, Mass., on the nth of July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted worth, watched over 
his childhood during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but eight years of 
age, he stood with his mother on an eminence, 
listening to the booming of the great battle on 
Bunker's Hill, and gazing out upon the smoke 
and flames billowing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he took a tearful 
adieu of his mother, to sail with his father for Eu- 
rope, through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. 
The bright, animated boy spent a year and a-half 
in Paris, where his father was associated with 
Franklin and Lee as Minister Plenipotentiary. 
His intelligence attracted the notice of these dis- 
tinguished men, and he received from them flat- 
tering marks of attention. 

John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. 
Again John Quincy accompanied his father. At 
Paris he applied himself to study with great dil- 
igence for six months, and then accompanied his 
father to Holland, where he entered first a school 
in Amsterdam, then the University at Leyden. 
About a year from this time, in 1781, when the 1 
manly boy was but fourteen years of age, he was j 
selected by Mr. Dana, our Minister to the Rus- j 
sian court, as his private secretarj-. 

In this school of incessant labor and of ennobl- 
ing culture he spent fourteen months, and then 
returned to Holland, through Sweden, Denmark, 
Hamburg and Bremen. This long journey he 
took alone in the winter, vhen in his sixteenth 
year. Again he resumed his studies, under a pri- 
vate tutor, at The Hague. Then, in the spring of 
1782, he accompanied his father to Paris, travel- 
ing leisurely, and forming acquaintances with the 
most distinguished men on the continent, examin- 1 

ing architectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he 
again became associated with the most illustrious 
men of all lands in the contemplation of the 
loftiest temporal themes which can engross the 
human mind. After a short visit to England he 
returned to Paris, and consecrated all his energies 
to study until May, 1785, when he returned to 
America to finish his education. 

Upon leaving Harvard College at the age of 
twenty, he studied law for three years. In J^ne, 
1794, being then but twenty-seven years of age, 
he was appointed by Washington Resident Min- 
ister at the Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in 
July, he reached London in October, where he 
was immediately admitted to the deliberations oi 
Messrs. Jay & Pinckney, assisting them in nego- 
tiating a commercial treaty with Great Britain. 
After thus .spending a fortnight in London, he 
proceeded to The Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left The Hague to go to Por- 
tugal as Minister Plenipotentiary. On his way to 
Portugal, upon arriving in London, he met with 
despatches directing him to the court of Berlin, but 
requesting him to remain in London until he 
should receive his instructions. While waiting 
he was married to an American lad}-, to whom he 
had been previously engaged — Miss Louisa Cath- 
erine Johnson, a daughter of Joshua Johnson, 
American Consul in London, and a lady en- 
dowed with that beauty and those accomplish- 
ments which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined. He 
reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797, 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, hav- 
ing fulfilled all the purposes of his mi.ssion, he so 
licited his recall. 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen 
to the Senate of Massachusetts from Boston, and 
tnen was elected Senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1804. His rep- 
utation, his ability and his experience placed 



him iniiUL-dialely among the most prominent and 
mfliieiUial members of that body. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the 
Presidential chair, and he immediately nominated 
John Quincy Adams Minister to St. Petersburgh. 
Resigning his professorship in Harvard Col- 
lege, he embarked at Boston in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense 
Student. He devoted his attention to the lan- 
guage and histor>' of Russia; to the Chinese trade; 
to the European system of weights, measures and 
coins; to the climate and astronomical obsen-a- 
tions; while he kept up a familiar acquaintance 
with the Greek and Latin classics. In all the 
universities of Europe, a more accomplished 
scholar could scarcely be found. All through 
life the Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
ever>' day. 

On the 4th of March, 1S17, Mr. Monroe took 
the Presidential chair, and immediately appointed 
Mr. Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of 
his numerous friends in public and private life in 
Europe, he sailed in June, 1819, for the United 
States. On the i8th of August, he again crossed 
the threshold of his home in Quincy. During the 
eight years of Mr. Monroe's administration, Mr. 
Adams continued Secretary of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's 
second tenn of office, new candidates began to be 
prc-scnled for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. 
Adams brought forward his name. It was an 
exciting campaign, and party spirit was never 
more bitter. Two hundred and sixty electoral 
votes were cast. Andrew Jackson received ninety- 
nine; John Quincy Adams eighty-four; William 
H. Crawford forty-one; and Henr\- Clay thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, 
the question went to the House of Representa- 
tives. Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to 
Mr. Adams, and he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates 
now combined in a venomous and persistent as- 
sault upon Mr. Adams. There is nothing more 
disgracefid in the past histor>- of our country than 
the abuse which was poured in one uninterrupted 
stream upon this high-minded, upright and pa- 

triotic man. There never was an administration 
more pure in principles, more conscientiously de- 
voted to the best interests of the country, than 
that of John Quincy Adams; and never, perhaps, 
was there an administration more unscrupulously 
and outrageously assailed. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by An- 
drew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected 
Vice-President. The slavery question now be- 
gan to assume portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams 
returned to Quincy and to his studies, which he 
pursued with unabated zeal. But he was not 
long permitted to remain in retirement. In No- 
vember, 1830, he was elected Representative in 
Congress. For seventeen years, or until his death, 
he occupied the post as Representative, towering 
above all his peers, ever ready to do brave battle 
for freedom, and winning the title of "the Old 
Man Eloquent. ' ' Upon taking his seat in the 
House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never 
was a member more devoted to his duties. He 
was usually the first in his place in the morning, 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. 
Not a measure could be brought forward and es- 
cape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. Adams 
fought, almost singly, against the pro-slavery 
party in the Government was sublime in its 
moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, 
he was threatened with indictment by the grand 
jury, with expulsion from the House, with assas- 
sination; but no threats could intimidate him, and 
his final triumph was complete. 

On the 2ist of February, 1848, he rose on the 
floor of Congress with a paper in his hand, to 
address the speaker. Suddenly he fell, again 
stricken by paralysis, and was caught in the arms 
of those around him. For a time he was sense- 
less, as he was conveyed to the sofa in the ro- 
tunda. With reviving consciousness, he opened 
his eyes, looked calmly around and said ' ' This 
is the end of earth;' ' then after a moment's pause 
he added, " I am content." These were the last 
words of the grand ' ' Old Man Eloquent. ' ' 





GINDREW JACKSON, the seventh President 
LI of the United States, was bom in Waxhaw 
/ I settlement, N. C, March 15, 1767, a few 
days after his father's death. His parents were 
poor emigrants from Ireland, and took up their 
abode in Waxhaw settlement, where they Hved 
in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or Andy, as he was universally called, 
grew up a very rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form ungainly, and there 
was but very little in his character made visible 
which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British invasion. 
In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert were captured 
and imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British 
officer ordered him to brush his mud-spattered 
boots. "I am a prisoner of war, not your serv- 
ant," was the reply of the dauntless boy. 

Andrew supportedhimself in various ways, such 
as working at the saddler's trade, teaching school, 
and clerking in a general store, until 1784, when 
he entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, 
however, gave more attention to the wild amuse- 
ments of the times than to his studies. lu 1788, 
he was appointed solicitor for the Western District 
of North Carolina, of which Tennessee was then 
a part. This involved many long journeys amid 
dangers of every kind, but Andrew Jackson never 
knew fear, and the Indians had no desire to re- 
peat a skirmisli with "vSharp Knife." 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both parties, 
two years later, to iind that the conditions of the 
divorce had just been definitely settled by the 
first husband. The marriage ceremony was per- 
formed a second time, but the occurrence was 
often used b\- his enemies to bring Mr. Jackson 
into disfavor. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee 
then containing nearly eighty thousand inhabi- 
tants, the people met in convention at Knoxville 
to frame a constitution. Five were sent from 
each of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson 
was one of the delegates. The new State was 
entitled to but one member in the National House 
of Representatives. Andrew Jackson was chosen 
that member. Mounting his horse, he rode to 
Philadelphia, where Congress then held its ses- 
sions, a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party, and Jefferson was his idol. He ad- 
mired Bonaparte, loved France, and hated Eng- 
land. As Mr. Jackson took his seat. Gen. Wash- 
ington, whose second term of office was then 
expiring, delivered his last speech to Congress. 
A committee drew up a complimentary address in 
reply. Andrew Jackson did not approve of the 
address, and was one of the twelve who voted 
against it. He was not willing to say that Gen. 
Washington's administration had been "wise, 
firm and patriotic. ' ' 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned 
home. Soon after he was chosen Judge of the 
Supreme Court of his State, which position he 
held for six years. 

When the War of 18 12 with Great Britain com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there 
was an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jack- 
son, who would do credit to a commission if one 
were conferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. 
Jackson offered his ser\'ices and those of twenty- 
five hundred volunteers. His offer was accepted, 
and the troops were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make 
an attack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wil- 
kinson was in command, he was ordered to de- 


scene! the river with fii'teeti hundred troops to aid 
Wilkinson. The expedition reached Natchez, 
and alter a delay of several weeks there without 
acconiplishint; anything, the men were ordered 
back to their homes. But the energy Gen. Jack- 
son had displayed, and his entire devotion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won for him golden opin- 
ions, and he became the most popular man in the 
State. It was in this expedition that his tough- 
ness gave him the nickname of "Old Hickor3^" 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip 
Col. Thomas Benton for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking part as second in a duel 
in which a younger brother of Benton's was en- 
gaged, he received two severe pistol wounds. 
While he was lingering upon a bed of suffering, 
news came that the Indians, who had combined 
under Tecumseh from Florida to the Lakes to ex- 
terminate the white settlers, were committing the 
most awful ravages. Decisive action became nec- 
essar)-. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa River, 
near the center of Alabama, about fifty miles be- 
low Ft. Strother. With an army of two thousand 
men. Gen. Jackson traversed the pathless wilder- 
ness in a march of eleven days. He reached their 
fort, called Tohopeka or Horse-shoe, on the 27th 
of March, 18 14. The bend of the river enclosed 
nearly one hundred acres of tangled forest and 
wild ravHne. Across the narrow neck the Indians 
had constructed a fonnidable breastwork of logs 
and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, with 
an ample supply of arms, were assembled. 

The fort was stonned. The fight was utterly 
desperate. Not an Indian would accept quarter. 
When bleeding and dying, they would fight those 
who endeavored to spare their lives. From ten 
in the morning until dark the battle raged. The 
caniaRC was awful and revolting. Some threw 
themselves into the river; but the unerring bul- 
lets struck their heads as they swam. Nearly 
rvery one of the nine hundred warriors was 


killed. A few, probabh', in the night swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. 

This closing of the Creek War enabled us to 
concentrate all our militia upon the British, who 
were the allies of the Indians. No man of less 
resolute will than Gen. Jackson could have con- 
ducted this Indian campaign to so successful an 
issue. Immediately he was appointed Major- 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson went to 
Mobile. A British fleet went from Pensacola, 
landed a force upon the beach, anchored near the 
little fort, and from both ship and shore com- 
menced a furious assault. The battle was long 
and doubtful. At length one of the ships was 
blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his 
little army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
and the battle of New Orleans, which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This 
won for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. 
Here his troops, which numbered about four 
thousand men, won a signal victory over the 
British army of about nine thousand. His loss 
was but thirteen, while the loss of the British was 
twenty-six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be 
mentioned in connection with the Presidency, 
but in 1824 he was defeated by Mr. Adams. 
He was, however, successful in the election of 
1828, and was re-elected for a second term in 
1S32. In 1829, just before he assumed the reins 
of government, he met with the most terrible 
affliction of his life in the death of his wife, whom 
he had loved with a devotion which has perhaps 
never been surpassed. From the shock of her 
death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most mem- 
orable in the annals of our country — applauded 
by one party, condemned by the other. No man 
had more bitter enemies or warmer friends. At 
the expiration of his two terms of office he retired 
to the Hermitage, where he died June 8, 1845. The 
last years of Mr. Jackson's life were those of a de- 
voted Christian man. 





O > ixi^^ .^^.^^^^.^^ 


y^ARTTN VAN BUREN, the eighth Presi- 

y dent of the United States, was born at Kin- 
(S derhook, N. Y., December 5, 1782. He 
died at the same place, July 24, 1862. His body 
rests in the cemeterj- at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft, fifteen feet higli, bearing a 
simple inscription about half-way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered or unbounded 
by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van 
Buren of romantic interest. He fought no battles, 
engaged in no wild adventures. Though his life 
was stormy in political and intellectual conflicts, 
and he gained many signal victories, his days 
passed uneventful in those incidents which give 
zest to biography. His ancestors, as his name indi- 
cates, were of Dutch origin, and were among the 
earliest emigrants from Holland to the banks of 
the Hudson. His father was a farmer, residing 
in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, also 
of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing 
unusual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At 
the age of fourteen, he had finished his academic 
studies in his native village, and commenced the 
study of law. As he had not a collegiate educa- 
tion, seven years of study in a law-oflSce were re- 
quired of him before he could be admitted to the 
Bar. Inspired with a lofty ambition, and con- 
scious of his powers, he pursued his studies with 
indefatigable industrj-. After spending six years 
in an office in his native village, he ■ .'ent to the city 
of New York, and prosecuted his studies for the 
seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. \'an Buren, then twenty-one years 

of age, commenced the practice of law in his na- 
tive village. The great conflict between the Federal 
and Republican parties was then at its height. 
Mr. Van Buren was from the beginning a politi- 
cian. He had, perhaps, imbibed that spirit while 
listening to the many discussions which had been 
carried on in his father's hotel. He was in cordial 
sympathy with Jefferson, and earnestly and elo- 
quently espoused the cause of State Rights, though 
at that time the Federal party held the supremacy 
both in his town and State. 

His success and increasing reputation led him 
after six years of practice to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his count}-. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by con- 
tending in the courts with some of the ablest men 
who have adorned the Bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beaut)- and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, a victim of con- 
sumption, leaving her husband and four sons to 
weep over her loss. For tw-enty-five years, Mr. 
Van Buren was an earnest, successful, assiduous 
lawyer. The record of those years is barren in 
items of public interest. In 1812, when thirty 
years of age, he was chosen to the State Senate, 
and gave his strenuous support to Mr. Madison's 
administration. In 1815, he was appointed At- 
torney-General, and the next year moved to Al- 
bany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
prominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 
the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that ' 'universal suffrage' ' which adniit.s 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right 



of governing the State. In true consistency with 
liis democratic principles, he contended that, while 
the path leading to the pri\-ilege of voting should 
be open to even,- man without distinction, no one 
should be invested with that sacred prerogative 
unless he were in some degree qualified for it bj' 
intelligence, virtue, and some property interests in 
the welfare of the State. 

In 1S21 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate, and in the same year he took a 
seat in the convention to revise the Constitution of 
his native State. His course in this convention 
secured the approval of men of all parties. No 
one could doubt the singleness of his endeavors to 
promote the interests of all classes in the com- 
munity. In the Senate of the United States, he 
rose at once to a conspicuous position as an acti\-e 
and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected 
to the Senate. He had been from the beginning 
a determined opposer of the administration, adopt- 
ing the ■ 'State Rights' ' view in opposition to what 
was deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governor 
of the State of New York, and accordingly resigned 
his seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the 
United States contributed so much towards eject- 
ing John Q. Adams from the Presidential chair, 
and placing in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin 
Van Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout the 
United States as one of the most skillful, sagacious 
and cunning of politicians. It was supposed that 
no one knew so well as he how to touch the secret 
springs of action, how to pull all the wires to 
put his machinerj' in motion, and how to organize 
a political army which would secretly and stealth- 
ily accomplish the most gigantic results. By these 
powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. 
Clay, and Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
ew then thought could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President 
he apptjinted Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. 
This position he resigned in 1831, and was im- 
mediately appointed Minister to England, where 
he went the same autumn. The Senate, however. 

when it met, refused to ratify the nomination, and 
he returned home, apparently untroubled. Later 
he was nominated Vice-President in the place of 
Calhoun, at the re-election of President Jackson, 
and with smiles for all and frowns for none, he 
took his place at the head of that Senate which had 
refused to confirm his nomination as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal 
of President Jackson in behalf- of his repudiated 
favorite; and this, probably, more than any other 
cause secured his elevation to the chair of the 
Chief Executive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. 
Van Buren received the Democratic nomination 
to succeed Gen. Jackson as President of the United 
States. He was elected by a handsome majority, 
to the delight of the retiring President. ' 'Leaving 
New York out of the canvass," says Mr. Parton, 
' 'the election of Mr. Van Buren to the Presidency 
was as much the act of Gen. Jackson as though 
the Constitution had conferred upon him the power 
to appoint a successor. ' ' 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the countr}-, all were trials of his wis- 
dom. The financial distress was attributed to 
the management of the Democratic part}^ and 
brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election, and on the 4tli of March, 
1 84 1, he retired from the presidency. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency' by the "Free Soil" Democrats in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. He had ever been a prudent man, of 
frugal habits, and, living within his income, had 
now fortunately a competence for his declining 
years. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he 
still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of 
leisure, of culture and wealth, enjoying in a 
healthy old age probably far more happiness than 
he had before experienced amid the stormy scenes 
of his active life. 



TIIOEK FOU»O.«.lir.0*'S> 



Piesident of the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va. , Februan,- 9, 1773. His 
father, Benjamin Harrison, was in comparatively 
opulent circumstances, and was one of the most 
distinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the Continental Congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of Vir- 
ginia in resisting the encroachments of the British 
crown. In the celebrated Congress of 1775, Ben- 
jamin Harrison and John Hancock were both 
candidates for the office of Speaker. 

Mr. Harrison was subsequently chosen Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, and was twice re-elected. His 
son William Henr\-, of course, enjoyed in child- 
hood all the advantages which wealth and intel- 
lectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school educa- 
tion, he entered Hampden Sidney College, where 
he graduated with honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia to 
study medicine under the instructions of Dr. Rush 
and the guardianship of Robert Morris, both of 
whom were, with his father, signers of the Dec- 
laration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and 
notwithstanding the remonstrances of his friends, 
he abandoned his medical studies and entered the 
army, having obtained a commission as Ensign 
from President Washington. He was then but 
nineteen years old. From that time he passed 
gradually upward in rank until he became aide 
to Gen. Wayne, after whose death he resigned 
his comnii-ssion. He was then appointed Secre- 
tar>- of the Northwestern Territory. This Terri- 
torj- was then entitled to but one member in Con- 

gress, and Harrison was chosen to fill that position. 
In the spring of 1800 the Northwestern Terri- 
tory was divided by Congress into two portions. 
The eastern portion, comprising the region now 
embraced in the State of Ohio, was called ' ' The 
Territorj' northwest of the Ohio. ' ' The western 
portion, which included what is now called Indi- 
ana, Illinois and Wisconsin, was called "the Indi- 
ana Territory." William Henry Harrison, then 
twent\--seven years of age, was appointed by John 
Adams Governor of the Indiana Territory-, and 
immediately after also Governor of Upper Loui- 
siana. He was thus ruler over almost as exten- 
sive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. 
He was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and 
was invested with powers nearly dictatorial over 
the then rapidly increasing white population. The 
ability and fidelity with which he discharged 
these responsible duties may be inferred from the 
fact that he was four times appointed to this 
office— first by John Adams, twice by Thomas 
Jefferson, and afterwards by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there were 
but three white settlements in that almost bound- 
less region, now crowded with cities and resound- 
ing with all the tumult of wealth and traffic. 
One of these settlements was on the Ohio, nearly 
opposite Louisville; one at Vincennes, on the 
Wabash; and the third was a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. 
About the year 1806, two extraordinary- men, 
twin brothers of the Shawnee tribe, rose among 
them. One of these was called Tecumseh, or 
"the Crouching Panther;" the other Olliwa- 
checa, or "the Prophet." Tecumseh was not 
only an Indian warrior, but a man of great sagac- 



itj-, far-reachiiig foresight and indomitable perse- 
verance in any enterprise in which he might en- 
gage. His brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untutored In- 
dians as the gale to.ssed the tree-tops beneath 
which thej- dwelt. With an enthusiasm unsur- 
passed by Peter the Hermit rousing Europe to the 
crusades, he went from tribe to tribe, assuming 
that he was specially sent by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to con- 
ciliate the Indians, but at last war came, and at 
Tippecanoe the Indians were routed with great 
slaughter. October 28, 1812, his army began its 
march. When near the Prophet's town, three 
Indians of rank made their appearance and in- 
quired why Gov. Harrison was approaching them 
in so hostile an attitude. After a short confer- 
ence, arrangements were made for a meeting the 
next day to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted 
with the Indian character to be deceived by such 
protestations. Selecting a favorable spot for his 
night's encampment, he took every precaution 
against surprise. His troops were posted in a 
hollow square and slept upon their arms. The 
wakeful Governor, betn^een three and four o'clock 
in the morning, had risen, and was sitting 
in conversation with his aides by the embers 
of a waning fire. It was a chill, cloudy morning, 
with a drizzling rain. In the darkness, the In- 
dians had crept as near as possible, and just then, 
with a savage yell, rushed, with all the despera- 
tion which superstition and passion most highly 
inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply pro- 
vided with guns and ammunition by the English, 
and their war-whoop was accompanied by a 
shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as 
the light aided the Indians in their aim, and 
Gen. Harrison's troops stood as immovable as 
the rocks around them until day dawned, when 
they made a simultaneous charge with the bayo- 
net and swept everything before them, completely 
routing the foe. 

Gov. Harri.son now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British, descending from the 

Canadas, were of themselves a very formidable 
force, but with their savage allies rushing like 
wolves from the forest, burning, plundering, scalp- 
ing, torturing, the wide frontier was plunged into 
a state of consternation which even the most vivid 
imagination can but faintly conceive. Gen. Hull 
had made an ignominious surrender of his forces at 
Detroit. Under these despairing circumstances. 
Gov. Harrison was appointed by President Madi- 
son Commander-in-Chief of the Northwestern 
Army, with orders to retake Detroit and to protect 
the frontiers. It would be difiicult to place a man 
in a situation demanding more energy, sagacity 
and courage, but he was found equal to the 
position, and nobly and triumphantly did he meet 
all the responsibilities. 

In 18 16, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member 
of the National House of Representatives, to rep- 
resent the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved 
an active member, and whenever he spoke it was 
with a force of reason and power of eloquence 
which arrested the attention of all the members. 

In 18 19, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio, and in 1824, as one of the Presidential Elec- 
tors of that State, he gave his vote for Henry 
Clay. The same year he was chosen to the Uni- 
ted States Senate. In 1836 his friends brought 
him forward as a candidate for the Presidency 
against Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the 
close of Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nom- 
inated by his party, and Mr. Harrison was unani- 
mously nominated by the Whigs, with John Tyler 
for the Vice-Presidency. The contest was very 
animated. Gen. Jackson gave all his influence to 
prevent Harrison's election, but his triumph was 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Web- 
ster at its head as Secretary of State, was one of 
the most brilliant with which any President had 
ever been surrounded. Never were the prospects 
of an administration more flattering, or the hopes 
of the country more sanguine. In the midst of 
these bright and joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison 
was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and after a few 
days of violent sickness died, on the 4th of April, 
just one month after his inauguration as President 
of the United States, 






QOHN TYLER, the tenth President of the 
I United States, and was born in Charles 
\Z/ City County, Ya., March 29, 1790. He was 
the favored child of affluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of twelve, John entered 
William and Man,' College, and graduated with 
much honor when but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted himself with great assi- 
duity to the study of law, partly with his father 
and partly with Edmund Randolph, one of the 
most distinguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced the 
practice of law. His success was rapid and as- 
tonishing. It is said that three months had not 
elapsed ere there was scarcel}- a case on the 
docket of the court in which he was not retained. 
When but twenty-one years of age, he was almost 
unanimously elected to a seat in the State Legis- 
lature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures 
of Jefferson and Madison. For five successive 
years he was elected to the Legislature, receiving 
nearly the unanimous vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a Member of Congress. Here he acted ear- 
nestly and ably with the Democratic party, oppos- 
ing a national bank, internal improvements by 
the General Government, and a protective tariff; 
advocating a strict construction of the Constitu- 
tion and the most careful vigilance over State 
rights. His labors in Congress were so arduous 
that before the close of his second term he found 
it necessary to resign and retire to his estate in 
Charles City County to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in 
the State Legislature, where his influence was 
powerful in promoting public works of great 
utility. With a reputation thus constantly in- 
creasing, he was chosen by a very large majority 
of votes Governor of his native State. His ad- 
ministration was a signally successful one, and his 
popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of 
the United States. A portion of the Democratic 
party was displeased with Mr. Randolph's way- 
ward course, and brought forward John Tyler as 
his opponent, considering him the only man in 
Virginia of sufficient popularity to succeed 
against the renowned orator of Roanoke. Mr. 
Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon tak- 
ing his seat in the Senate he joined the ranks of 
the opposition. He opposed the tariff, and spoke 
against and voted against the bank as unconsti- 
tutional; he strenuously opposed all restrictions 
upon slavery, resisting all projects of internal im- 
provements by the General Government, and 
avowed his sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view 
of nullification; he declared that Gen. Jackson, 
by his opposition to the nullifiers, had abandoned 
the principles of the Democratic party. Such 
was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice 
of his profession. There was a split in the Demo- 
cratic party. His friends still regarded him as a 
true Jeffersonian, gave him a dinner, and show- 
ered compliments upon him. He had now at- 
tained the age of forty-six, and his career had been 
very brilliant. In consequence of his devotion to 
public business, his private affairs had fallen into 
some disorder, and it was not without satisfac- 
tion that he resumed the practice of law, and de- 
voted himself to the cultivation of his plantation. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, for 
the better education of his children, and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the southern Whigs he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg in 1839 to nom- 
inate a President. The majority of votes were 
given to Gen Harrison, a genuine Whig, much 
to the disappointment of the South, which wished 



(or Henn- Clay. To conciliate the southern 
Whigs and to secure their vote, the convention 
theu nominated John Tyler for Vice-President. 
It was well known that he was not in sympathy 
with the Whig party in the North; but the Vice- 
President has very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to 
preside over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it 
iiappened that a Whig President and, in reality, 
a Democratic Vice-President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice- 
President of the United States. In one short 
month from that time. President Harrison died, 
and Mr. Tyler thus found himself, to his own 
surprise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the Presidential chair. Hastening from 
Williamsburg to Washington, on the 6th of 
April he was inaugurated to the high and re- 
sponsible office. He was placed in a position of 
exceeding delicacy and difficulty. All his long 
life he had been opposed to the main principles of 
the party which had brought him into power. 
He had ever been a consistent, honest man, with 
an unblemished record. Gen. Harrison had se- 
lected a Whig cabinet. Should he retain them, 
and thus surround himself with counselors whose 
views were antagonistic to his own ? or, on the 
other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him, and select a cabinet in 
harmony with himself and which would oppose 
all those views which the Whigs deemed essen- 
tial to the public welfare ? This was his fearful 
dilemma. He invited the cabinet which Presi- 
dent Harrison had selected to retain their seats, 
and recommended a day of fasting and prayer, 
that God would guide and bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for 
the incorporation of a fiscal bank of :;he United 
States. The President, after ten days' delay, re- 
turned it with his veto. He suggested, however, 
that he would approve of a bill drawn up upon 
such a plan as he proposed. Such a bill was ac- 
cordingly prepared, and privately submitted to 
him. He gave it his approval. It was passed 
without alteration, and he sent it back with his 
veto. Here commenced the open rupture. It is 
said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 

ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
• Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who se- 
verely touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the 
President into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, 
resigned. The Whigs of Congress, both the 
Senate and the House, held a meeting and issued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliance between the 
Whigs and President Tyler was at an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished "Whigs 
and Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong 
party men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary 
to resign, forced out by the pressure of his Whig 
friends. Thus the four years of Mr. Tyler's un- 
fortunate administration passed sadly away. No 
one was satisfied. The land was filled with mur- 
murs and vituperation. Whigs and Democrats 
alike assailed him. More and more, however, he 
brought himself into sympathy with his old 
friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his 
term he gave his whole influence to the support 
of Mr. Polk, the Democratic candidate for his 

On the 4th of March, 1845, President Tyler re- 
tired from the harassments of office, to the regret 
of neither part3^ and probably to his own unspeak- 
able relief The remainder of his days were 
passed mainly in the retirement of his beautiful 
home — Sherwood Forest, Charles City County, 
Va. His first wife, Miss Letitia Christian, died 
in Washington in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
he was again married, at New York, to Miss Julia 
Gardiner, a young lady of many personal and 
intellectual accomplishments. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the 
State Rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated, President Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United States, and 
joined the Confederates. He was chosen a mem- 
ber of their Congress, and while engaged in 
active measures to destroy, by force of arms, the 
Government over'which he had once presided, he 
was taken sick and soon died. 



TU.OEN FOU^0«T'Q•■'^ 


(Tames K. polk, the eleventh President of 
I the United States, was born in Mecklenburgh 
C2/ County, N. C, November 2, 1795. His 
parents were Samuel and Jane (Knox) Polk, the 
former a son of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 
at the above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 
1735. In 1806, with his wife and children, and 
soon after followed by most of the members of the 
Polk family, Samuel Polk emigrated some two or 
three hundred miles farther west, to the rich val- 
ley of the Duck River. Here, in the midst of the 
wilderness, in a region which was subsequently 
called Maury County, they erected their log huts 
and established their homes. In the hard toil of 
a new farm in the wilderness, James K. Polk 
spent the early years of his childhood and youth. 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradually increased in wealth, 
until he became one of the leading men of the 
region. His mother was a superior woman, of 
strong common sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life James developed a taste for 
reading, and expressed the strongest desire to ob- 
tain a liberal education. His mother's training 
had made him methodical in his habits, had taught 
him punctuality and industr>-, and had inspired 
him with lofty principles of morality. His health 
was frail, and his father, fearing that he might not 
be able to endure a sedentary life, got a situation 
for him behind the counter, hoping to fit him for 
commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few veeks, when, 
at his earnest solicitation, his father removed 
him and made arrangements for him to pros- 
ecute his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro Academy. With ardor which could 
scarcely be surpassed, he pressed forward in his 

studies, and in less than two and a-half years, in 
the autumn of 18 15, entered the .sophomore class 
in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in ever>- exercise, never allow- 
ing himself to be absent from a recitation or a 
religious service. 

Mr. Polk graduated in 18 18, with the highest 
honors, being deemed the best scholar of his class, 
both in mathematics and the classics. He was 
then twenty-three years of age. His health was 
at this time much impaired by the assiduity with 
which he had prosecuted his studies. After a 
short season of relaxation, he went to Nashville, 
and entered the office of Felix Grundy, to study 
law. Here Mr. Polk renewed his acquaintance 
with Andrew Jackson, who resided on his planta- 
tion, the "Hermitage," but a few miles from 
Nashville. They had probably been slightly ac- 
quainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican 
and James K. adhered to the same political faith. 
He was a popular public speaker, and was con- 
stantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such 
that he was popularly called the Napoleon of the 
stump. He was a man of unblemished morals, 
genial and courteous in his bearing, and with that 
sympathetic nature in the joys and griefs of oth- 
ers which gave him hosts of friends. In 1823, 
he was elected to the Legislature of Tennessee, 
and gave his strong influence toward the election 
of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of 
the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford County, Tenn. His 
bride was altogether worthy of him — a lady of 
beauty and culture. In the fall of 1825 Mr. Polk 
was chosen a member of Congress, and the satis- 
faction he gave his constituents may be inferred 



from the fact, that for fourteen successive years, 
or until 1839, he was continued in that office. He 
then vohintarily withdrew, ouly that he might 
accept the Gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In 
Congress he was a laborious member, a frequent 
and a popular speaker. He was always in his 
seat, always courteous, and whenever he spoke 
it was always to the point, w-ithout any ambitious 
rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House. Strong passions were 
roused and stormy scenes were witnessed, but he 
performed his arduous duties to a very general 
satisfaction, and a unanimous vote of thanks to 
him was passed by the House as he withdrew on 
the 4th of March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, 
as a candidate for Go^-emor, canvassed the State. 
He was elected by a large majority, and on Octo- 
ber 14, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. 
In 1 84 1 his term of office expired, and he was 
again the candidate of the Democratic party, but 
was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was in- 
augurated President of the United States. The 
verdict of the country' in favor of the annexation 
of Texas exerted its influence upon Congress, 
and the last act of the administration of President 
Tyler was to affix his signature to a joint resolu- 
tion of Congress, passed on the 3d of March, ap- 
proving of the annexation of Texas to the Union. 
As Mexico still claimed Texas as one of her 
provinces, the Mexican Minister, Almonte, im- 
mediately demanded his passports and left the 
country, declaring the act of the atmexation to be 
an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be 
received into the Union on the same footing with 
the other States. In the mean time. Gen. Taylor 
was sent with an army into Texas to hold the 
country. He was first sent to Nueces, which the 
Mexicans said was the western boundary of Tex- 
as. Then he was .sent nearly two hundred miles 
further west, to the Rio Grande, where he erected 
Ixjtteries which commanded the Mexican city of 
Matamoras, which was situated on the western 

banks. The anticipated collision soon took place, 
and war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by his ad- 
ministration with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, 
whose army was first called one of ' ' observation, ' ' 
then of "occupation," then of "invasion," was 
sent forward to Monterey. The feeble Mexicans 
in every encounter were hopelessly slaughtered. 
The day of judgment alone can reveal the misery 
which this war caused. It was by the ingenuity 
of Mr. Polk's administration that the war was 
brought on. 

' ' To the victors belong the spoils. ' ' Mexico 
was prostrate before us. Her capital was in our 
hands. We now consented to peace upon the 
condition that Mexico should surrender to us, in 
addition to Texas, all of New Mexico, and all of 
Upper and Lower California. This new demand 
embraced, exclusive of Texas, eight hundred 
thousand square miles. This was an extent of 
territory equal to nine States of the size of New 
York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen ma- 
jestic States to be added to the Union. There 
were some Americans who thought it all right; 
there were others who thought it all wrong. In 
the prosecution of this war we expended twenty 
thousand lives and more than $100,000,000. Of 
this money $15,000,000 were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired 
from office, having served one term. The next 
day was Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was 
inaugurated as his successor. Mr. Polk rode to 
the Capitol in the same carriage with Gen. Tay- 
lor, and the same evening, with Mrs. Polk, he 
commenced his return to Tennessee. He was 
then but fifty-four years of age. He had always 
been strictly temperate in all his habits, and his 
health was good. With an ample fortune, a 
choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic 
ties of the dearest nature, it seemed as though 
long years of tranquillity and happiness were be- 
fore him. But the cholera — that fearful scourge 
— was then sweeping up the Valley of the Missis- 
sippi, and he contracted the disease, dying on the 
15th of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth year of his 
age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 



J^^ FOunoaV,o,vs. 


G7ACHARY TAYLOR, twelfth President of 
j. the United States, was born on the 24th of 
/^ November, 1784, in Orange Count>-, Ya. 
His father, Col. Taylor, was a Yirginian of 
note, and a distinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zacharj- was an infant, 
his father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled in the path- 
less wilderness, a few miles from Louisville. In 
this frontier home, away from civilization and all 
its refinements, young Zachary could enjoy but 
few social and educational advantages. When 
six years of age he attended a common school, 
and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of 
character. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter the 
army to fight the Indians, who were ravaging the 
frontiers. There is little to be recorded of the 
uneventful years of his childhood on his father's 
large but lonely plantation. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for 
him a commission as Lieutenant in the United 
States army, and he joined the troops which were 
stationed at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. 
Soon after this he married Miss Margaret Smith, 
a young lady from one of the first families of 

Immediately after the declaration of war with 
England, in 181 2, Capt. Taylor (for he had then 
been promoted to that rank) was put in command 
of Ft. Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles 
above Yincennes. This fort had been built in the 
wilderness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to 
Tippecanoe. It was one of the first points of at- 
tack by the Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garri- 
son consisted of a broken company of infantry, 
numbering fifty men, many of whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 181 2, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large numbers, moved upon the 

fort. Their approach was first indicated by the 
murder of two soldiers just outside of the stockade. 
Capt. Taylor made every possible preparation to 
meet the anticipated assault. On the 4th of Sep- 
tember, a band of forty painted and plumed sav- 
ages came to the fort, waving a white flag, and 
informed Capt. Taylor that in the morning their 
chief would come to have a talk with him. It 
was evident that their object was merely to ascer- 
tain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, 
kept them at a distance. 

The sun went down; the savages disappeared; 
the garrison slept upon their arms. One hour 
before midnight the war-whoop burst from a 
thousand lips in the forest around, followed by 
the discharge of musketry and the rush of the 
foe. Every man, sick and well, sprang to his 
post. Every man knew that defeat was not 
merely death, but, in the case of capture, death by 
the most agonizing and prolonged torture. No 
pen can describe, no imagination can conceive, the 
scenes which ensued. The savages succeeded in 
setting fire to one of the block-houses. Until six 
o'clock in the morning this awful conflict con- 
tinued, when the savages, baffled at every point 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. 
Capt. Taylor, for this gallant defense, was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Maj. Taylor was 
placed in such situations that he saw but little 
more of active service. He was sent far away 
into the depths of the wilderness to Ft. Craw- 
ford, on Fox River, which empties into Green 
Bay. Here there was little to be done but to 
wear away the tedious hours as one best could. 
There were no books, no societj', no intellectual 
stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful years 
rolled on. Gradually he rose to the rank of 
Colonel. In the Black Hawk War, which re- 



suited in tlie capture of that renowned chieftain, 
Col. Taylor took a subordinate, but a brave and 
efficient, part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged 
in the defense of the frontiers, in scenes so re- 
mote, and in employments so obscure, that his 
name was unknown beyond the limits of his own 
immediate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he 
was sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indi- 
ans to vacate that region, and retire beyond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty had prom- 
ised they should do. The services rendered here 
secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government, and as a reward he was ele- 
vated to the high rank of Brigadier- General by 
brevet, and soon after, in May, 1838, was ap- 
pointed to the chief command of the United 
States troops in Florida. 

After two years of wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the Peninsula, Gen. Tay- 
lor obtained, at his own request, a change of 
command, and was stationed over the Department 
of the Southwest. This field embraced Louisiana, 
Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Establishing 
his headquarters at Ft. Jessup, in Louisiana, he 
removed his family to a plantation which he pur- 
chased near Baton Rouge. Here he remained 
for five years, buried, as it were, from the world, 
but faithfully discharging every duty imposed 
upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taj'lor was sent to g^ard the 
land between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the 
latter river being the boundary of Texas, which 
was then claimed by the United States. Soon 
the war with Mexico was brought on, and at Palo 
Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Gen. Taylor won 
brilliant victories over the Mexicans. The rank 
of Major-General by brevet was then conferred 
upon Gen. Taylor, and his name was received 
with enthusiasm almost everywhere in the na- 
tion. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista, in which he won signal victories 
over forces much larger than he commanded. 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena 
Vista spread the wildest enthusiasm over the 
country. The name of Gen. Taylor was on 
every one's lips. The Whig party decided to 

take advantage of this wonderful popularity in 
bringing forward the unpolished, unlettered, hon- 
est soldier as their candidate for the Presidency. 
Gen. Taylor was astonished at the announce- 
ment, and for a time would not listen to it, de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such 
an office. So little interest had he taken in poli- 
tics, that for forty years he had not cast a vote. 
It was not without chagrin that several distin- 
guished statesmen, who had been long years in 
the public service, found their claims set aside in 
behalf of one whose name had never been heard 
of, save in connection with Palo Alto, Resaca de 
la Palma, Monterey and Buena Vista. It is said 
that Daniel Webster, in his haste, remarked, " It 
is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a 
fine writer. His friends took possession of him, 
and prepared such few communications as it was 
needful should be presented to the public. The 
popularity of the successful warrior swept the 
land. He was triumphantly elected over two 
opposing candidates, — Gen. Cass and Ex-Presi- 
dent Martin Van Buren. Though he selected an 
excellent cabinet, the good old man found himself 
in a very uncongenial position, and was at times 
sorely perplexed and harassed. His mental suf- 
ferings were very severe, and probabl5' tended to 
hasten his death. The pro-slavery party was 
pushing its claims with energy; expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; California 
was pleading for admission to the Union, while 
slavery stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. 
Taylor found the political conilicts in Washington 
to be far more trying to the nerves than battles 
with Mexicans or Indians. 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but 
little over a year, took cold, and after a brief 
sickness of but little over five days, died, on the 
9th of July, 1850. His last words were, " I am 
not afraid to die. I am ready. I have endeav- 
ored to do my duty." He died universally re- 
spected and beloved. An honest, unpretending 
man, he had been steadily growing in the affec- 
tions of the people, and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 




V- (.C • "^^GyP^ r cn 


y^ILLARD FILLMORE, thirteenth President ' 
y of the United States, was bom at Summer 
(d Hiil, Cayuga County, N. Y., on the yth of i 
Januarj-, 1800. His father was a farmer, and, owing 
to misfortune, in humble circumstances. Of his | 
mother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, of 
Pittsfield, Mass., it has been said that she pes- [ 
sessed an intellect of a high order, united with 
much personal loveliness, sweetness of disposi- j 
tion, graceful manners and exquisite sensibilities. 
She died in 1831, having lived to see her son a 
j-oung man of distinguished promise, though she 
was not permitted to witness the high dignity 
which he finallj- attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender 
advantages for education in his earh- jears. The 
common schools, which he occasionally attended, 
were verj- imperfect institutions, and books were 
scarce and expensive. There was nothing then 
in his character to indicate the brilliant career 
upon which he was about to enter. He was a 
plain farmer's boy — intelligent, good-looking, 
kind-hearted. The sacred iufluences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and had laid 
the foundations of an upright character. When i 
fourteen vears of age, his father sent him some 
hundred miles from home to the then wilds of | 
Livingston Countj-, to learn the trade of a clothier. , 
Near the mill there was a small ^-illage, where '■ 
some enterprising man had commenced the col- 
lection of a village libran,-. This proved an in- 
estimable blessing to young Fillmore. His even- 
ings were spent in reading. Soon even,- leisure 
moment was occupied with books. His thirst for 
knowledge became insatiate, and the selections 
which he made were continually more elevating 
and instructive. He read histon,-, biography, 
oratory-, and thus gradually there was enkindled 

in his heart a desire to be something more than a 
mere worker with his hands. 

The young clothier had now attained the age 
of nineteen years, and was of fine personal appear- 
ance and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so hap- 
pened that there was a gentleman in the neigh- 
borhood of ample pecuniary means and of benev- 
olence, — ^Judge Walter Wood, — who was struck 
with the prepossessing appearance of young Fill- 
more. He made his acquaintance, and was so 
much impressed with his ability and attainments 
that he advised him to abandon his trade and de- 
vote himself to the study of the law. The young 
man replied that he had no means of his own, 
no friends to help him, and that his pre\-ious edu- 
cation had been ven- imperfect. But Judge Wood 
had so much confidence in him that he kindly 
offered to take him into his own office, and to 
lend him such money as he needed. Most grate- 
fully the generous offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion 
about a collegiate education. A young man is 
supposed to be liberally educated if he has gradu- 
ated at some college. But many a boy who loi- 
ters through universitj' halls and then enters z. 
law office is by no means as well prepared to 
prosecute his legal studies as was Millard Fill- 
more when he graduated at the clothing-mill at 
the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which ever\- leisure moment had been devoted tc 
intense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he 
was admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. 
He then went to the village of Aurora, and com- 
menced the practice of law. In this secluded, 
quiet region, his practice, of course, was limited, 
and there was no opportunity- for a sudden rise in 
fortune or in fame. Here, in 1826, he married a 
lady of great moral worth, and one capable of 


adorning any station she might be called to fill, — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industrj% 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advo- 
cate, gradually attracted attention, and he was 
invited to enter into partnership, under highly ad- 
vantageous circumstances, with an elder member 
of the Bar in Bufialo. Just before removing to 
Buffalo, in 1829, he took his seat in the House of 
Assembly of the State of New York, as a Repre- 
sentative from Erie County. Though he had 
never taken a very active part in politics, his vote 
and sympathies were with the Whig party. The 
State was then Democratic, and he found himself 
in a helpless minority in the Legislature; still the 
testimony comes from all parties that his courtes}', 
ability and integrity won, to a verj' unusual de- 
gree, the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a 
seat in the United States Congress. He entered 
that troubled arena in the most tumultuous hours 
of our national historj-, when the great conflict 
respecting the national bank and the removal, of 
the deposits was raging. 

His term of two years closed, and he returned 
to his profession, which he pursued with increas- 
ing reputation and success. After a lapse of two 
years he again became a candidate for Congress; 
was re-elected, and took his seat in 1837. His 
past experience as a Representative gave him 
strength and confidence. The first term of service 
in Congress to any man can be but little more 
than an introduction. He was now prepared for 
active duty. All his energies were brought to 
bear upon the public good. Every measure re- 
ceived his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore wi. : now a man of wide repute, 
and his popularity filled the State. In the year 
1847, when he had attained the age of forty- 
seven years, he was elected Comptroller of the 
State. His labors at the Bar, in the Legisla- 
ture, in Congress and as Comptroller, had given 
him very considerable fame. The Whigs were 
casting about to find suitable candidates for Presi- 
dent and Vice-President at the approaching elec- 
tion. Far away on the waters of the Rio Grande, 
there was a rough old soldier, who had fought 

one or two successful battles with the Mexicans, 
which had caused his name to be proclaimed in 
trumpet-tones all over the land as a candidate for 
the presidency. But it was necessary to associate 
with him on the same ticket some man of repu- 
tation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
names of Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore 
became the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their 
candidates for President and Vice-President. The 
Whig ticket was signally triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
President, and Millard Fillmore Vice-President, 
of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the 
Constitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus be- 
came President. He appointed a very able cabi- 
net, of which the illustrious Daniel Webster was 
Secretary of State; nevertheless, he had serious 
difficulties to contend with, since the opposition 
had a majority in both Houses. He did all in his 
power to conciliate the South; but the pro-slavery 
party in the South felt the inadequacy of all 
measures of transient conciliation. The popula- 
tion of the free States was so rapidly increasing 
over that of the slave States, that it was inevitable 
that the power of the Government should soon 
pass into the hands of the free States. The fa- 
mous compromise measures were adopted under 
Mr. Fillmore's administration, and the Japan ex- 
pedition was sent out. On the 4th of March, 
1853, he, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Know-Nothing" party, but 
was beaten by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. 
Fillmore lived in retirement. During the terri- 
ble conflict of civil war, he was mostly silent. It 
was generally supposed that his sympathies were 
rather with those who were endeavoring to over- 
throw our institutions. President Fillmore kept 
aloof from the conflict, without any cordial words 
of cheer to one party or the other. He was thus 
forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe old age, 
and died in Buffalo, N. Y., March 8, 1874. 





r"RANKLIN PIERCE, the fourteenth Presi- 
rQ dent of the United States, was born in Hills- 
I ' borough, N. H., November 23, 1804. His 
father was a Revolutionarj' soldier, who with his 
own strong arm hewed out a home in the wilder- 
ness. He was a man of inflexible integrity, of 
strong, though uncultivated, mind, and was an un- 
compromising Democrat. The mother of Frank- 
lin Pierce was all that a son could desire — an in- 
telligent, prudent, affectionate, Christian woman. 
Franklin, who was the sixth of eight children, 
was a remarkably bright and handsome boy, 
generous, warm-hearted and brave. He won 
alike the love of old and young. The boys on 
the play-ground loved him. His teachers loved 
him. The neighbors looked upon him with pride 
and affection. He was by instinct a gentleman, 
always speaking kind words, and doing kind 
deeds, with a peculiar, unstudied tact which 
taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar, and in 
body and mind a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, 
he entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me. 
He was one of the most popular young men in 
the college. The purity of his moral character, 
the unvarying courtesy of his demeanor, his rank 
as a scholar, and genial nature, rendered him a 
universal favorite. There was something pe- 
culiarly winning in his address, and it was evi- 
dently not in the .slightest degree studied — it was 
the simple oulgushing of his own magnanimous 
and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin 
Pierce commenced the study of law in the office 
of Judge Woodbur>', one of the most distinguished 

lawyers of the State, and a man of great private 
worth. The eminent social qualities of the young 
lawyer, his father's prominence as a public man, 
and the brilliant political career into which Judge 
Woodbury was entering, all tended to entice Mr. 
Pierce into the fascinating yet perilous path of 
pohtical life. With all the ardor of his nature he 
espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the Presi- 
dency. He commenced the practice of law in 
Hillsborough, and was soon elected to represent 
the town in the State Legislature. Here he 
served for four years. The last two years he was 
chosen Speaker of the House by a very large 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of Congress. In 1837, being 
then bui thirty-three years old, he was elected to 
the Senate, taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren 
commenced his administration. He was the 
youngest member in the Senate. In the year 
1834, he married Miss Jane Means Appleton, a 
lady of rare beauty and accomplishments, and one 
admirably fitted to adorn every station with which 
her husband was honored. Of the three sons who 
were born to them, all now sleep with their par- 
ents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing 
fame and increasing as a lawyer, took up 
his residence in Concord, the capital of New 
Hampshire. President Polk, upon his accession 
to office, appointed Mr. Pierce Attorney-General 
of the United States; but the offer was declined 
in consequence of numerous professional engage- 
ments at home, and the precarious state of Mrs. 
Pierce's health. He also, about the same time, 
declined the nomination for Governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called 



Mr. Pierce into the army. Receiving the appoint- 
ment of Brigadier-General, he embarked with a 
portion of his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 
27th of May, 1847. He took an important part 
in this war, proving himself a brave and true sol- 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his na- 
tive State, he was received enthusiastically by the 
advocates of the Mexican War, and coldly by his 
opponents. He resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession, verj' frequently taking an active part in 
political questions, giving his cordial support to 
the pro-slaver\' wing of the Democratic party. 
The compromise measures met cordially with his 
approval, and he strenuously advocated the en- 
forcement of the infamous Fugitive Slave Law, 
which so shocked the religious sensibilities of the 
North. He thus became distinguished as a 
' ' Northern man with Southern principles. ' ' The 
strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the 1 2 th of June, 1S52, the Democratic con- 
vention met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate 
for the Presidency. For four days they contin- 
ued in session, and in thirty-five ballotings no one 
had obtained a two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus 
far had been thrown for Gen. Pierce. Then the 
Virginia delegation brought forward his name. 
There were fourteen more ballotings, during which 
Gen. Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at 
the forty-ninth ballot, he received two hundred 
and eighty-two votes, and all other candidates 
eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was the Whig can- 
didate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with great una- 
nimity. Only four States — Vermont, Massachu- 
setts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their elec- 
toral votes against him. Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormy our country- had ever experienced. The 
controversy between slavery and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It be- 
came evident that there was to be an irrepressible 
conflict between them, and that this nation 
could not long exist " half slave and half firee." 

President Pierce, dtiring the whole of his admin- 
istration, did every thing he could to conciliate the 
South; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the disso- 
lution of the Union were borne to the North on 
every Southern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when Presi- 
dent Pierce approached the close of his four- 
years term of office. The North had become 
thoroughly alienated from him. The anti-slavery 
sentiment, goaded by great outrages, had been 
rapidly increasing; all the intellectual ability and 
social worth of President Pierce were forgotten in 
deep reprehension of his administrative acts. The 
slaveholders of the South also, unmindful of the 
fidelity with which he had advocated those meas- 
ures of Government which they approved, and 
perhaps feeling that he had rendered himself 
so unpopular as no longer to be able to accepta- 
bly serve them, ungratefully dropped him, and 
nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
turned to his home in Concord. His three chil- 
dren were all dead, his last surviving child hav- 
ing been killed before his eyes in a railroad acci- 
dent; and his wife, one of the most estimable and 
accomplished of ladies, was rapidly sinking in 
consumption. The hour of dreadful gloom soon 
came, and he was left alone in the world without 
wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth which 
divided our country into two parties, and two 
only, Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the prin- 
ciples which he had always cherished, and gave 
his sympathies to that pro-slavery party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined to 
do anything, either by voice or pen, to strengthen 
the hand of the National Government. He con- 
tinued to reside in Concord until the time of his 
death, which occurred in October, 1869. He was 
one of the most genial and social of men, an hon- 
ored communicant of the Episcopal Church, and 
one of the kindest of neighbors. Generous to a 
fault, he contributed liberally toward the allevia- 
tion of suffering and want, and many of his 
towns-people were oflen gladdened by his material 

, THE New YORk- 




(Tames BUCHANAN, the fifteenth President 
I of the United States, was bom in a small 
\Z/ frontier town, at the foot of the eastern ridge 
of the Alleghanies, in Franklin County, Pa., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place where the 
humble cabin home stood was called Stony Bat- 
ter. His father was a native of the north of Ire- 
land, who had emigrated in 1783, with little prop- 
erty save his own strong arms. Five years after- 
ward he married Elizabeth Spear, the daughter 
of a respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
axe, and settled down there to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. When James was eight 
years of age, his father removed to the village of 
Mercersburg, where his son was placed at school, 
and commenced a course of study in English, 
Latin and Greek. His progress was rapid, and 
at the age of fourteen he entered Dickinson Col- 
lege, at Carlisle. Here he developed remarkable 
talent, and took his stand among the first scholars 
in the institution. 

In the year i"?-" he graduated with the high- 
est honors of his class. He was then eighteen 
years of age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, 
fond of athletic sports, an unerring shot, and en- 
livened with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. 
He immediately commenced the study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 181 2, when he was bui twenty-one years 
of age. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower 
House. During the vacations of Congress, he 

occaaionally tried some important case. In 183 1 
he retired altogether from the toils of his profes- 
sion, having acquired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presi- 
dency, appointed Mr. Buchanan Minister to Rus- 
sia. The duties of his mission he performed 
with ability, and gave satisfaction to all parties. 
Upon his return, in 1833, he was elected to a seat 
in the United States Senate. He there met as 
his associates Webster, Clay, Wright and Cal- 
houn. He advocated the measures proposed by 
President Jackson, of making reprisals against 
France to enforce the payment of our claims 
against that country, and defended the course of 
the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the 
supporters of his administration. Upon this 
question he was brought iuto direct collision with 
Henry Clay. He also, with voice and vote, ad- 
vocated expunging from the journal of the Senate 
the vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed the 
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, 
and urged the prohibition of the circulation of 
anti-slavery documents by the United States 
mails. As to petitions on the subject of slavery, 
he advocated that they should be respectfully re- 
ceived, and that the reply should be returned 
that Congress had no power to legislate upon the 
subject. "Congress," said he, "might as v^'ell 
undertake to interfere with slavery under a for- 
eign government as in any of the States where it 
now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency. 
Mr. Buchanan became Secretary of .State, and a? 
such took his share of the responsibility in th« 


conduct of the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed 
that crossing the Nueces by the American 
troops into the disputed territorj- was not wrong, 
but for the Mexicans to cross the Rio Grande 
into Texas was a declaration of war. No candid 
man can read with pleasure the account of the 
course our Government pursued in that movement. 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly 
with the party devoted to the perpetuation and 
extension of slavery, and brought all the energies 
of his mind to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. 
He gave his cordial approval to the compromise 
measures of 1850, which included the Fugitive 
Slave Law. Mr. Pierce, upon his election to the 
Presidency, honored Mr. Buchanan with the mis- 
sion to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic Con- 
vention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presi- 
dency. The political conflict was one of the most 
severe in which our country has ever engaged. 
All the friends of slaver>' were on one side; all 
the advocates of its restriction and final abolition 
on the other. Mr. Fremont, the candidate of the 
enemies of slavery, received one hundred and 
fourteen electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
one hundred and seventy-four, and was elected. 
The popular vote stood 1,340,618 for Fremont, 
1,224,750 for Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, 
the latter was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only 
four years were wanting to fill up his three-score 
years and ten. His own friends, those with 
whom he had been allied in political principles 
and action for years, were seeking the destruc- 
tion of the Government, that they might rear 
upon the ruins of our free institutions a nation 
whose corner-stone should be human slavery. In 
this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly 
bewildered. He could not, with his long-avowed 
principles, consistently oppose the State Rights 
party in their assumptions. As President of the 
United States, bound by his oath faithfully to 
administer the laws, he could not, without per- 
jury of the grossest kind, unite with those en- 
deavoring to overthrow the Republic. He there- 
fore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administra- 


tion nominated Abraham Lincoln as their stand- 
ard-bearer in the next Presidential canvass. 
The pro-slavery party declared that if he were 
elected and the control of the Government were 
thus taken from their hands, they would secede 
from the Union, taking with them as they retired 
the National Capitol at Washington and the 
lion's share of the territory of the United States. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slave- 
holders claiming the right to secede, and Mr. 
Buchanan avowing that Congress had no power 
to prevent it, one of the most pitiable exhibitions 
of governmental imbecility was exhibited that the 
world has ever seen. He declared that Congress 
had no power to enforce its laws in any State 
which had withdrawn, or which was attempting 
to withdraw, from the Union. This was not the 
doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with his hand 
upon his sword-hilt, he exclaimed: "The Union 
must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration of 
President Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The rebel flag was raised in 
Charleston; Ft. Sumter was besieged; our forts, 
navy-yards and arsenals were seized; our depots 
of military stores were plundered, and our cus- 
tom-houses and post-offices were appropriated by 
the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels and the imbecility of 
our Executive were alike marvelous. The na- 
tion looked on in agony, waiting for the slow 
weeks to glide away and close the administration, 
so terrible in its weakness. At length the long- 
looked-for hour of deliverance came, when Abra- 
ham Lincoln was to receive the scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends can not recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his 
fame, that in that dreadful conflict which rolled 
its billows of flame and blood over our whole 
land, no word came from his lips to indicate his 
wish that our country's banner should triumph 
over the flag of the Rebellion. He died at his 
Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 





^-•--l/ (^-^ dy^A-t^ 



GlHRAHAM LINCOLN, the sixteenth Presi- 
L_| dent of the United States, was born in Hardin 
I I County, Ky., February 12, 1809. About 
the year 17S0, a man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left Virginia with his family and moved 
into the then wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, and while still a young man, 
he was working one day in a field, when an Indian 
stealthily approached and killed him. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five little chil- 
dren, three boys and two girls. Thomas, the 
youngest of the boys, and the father of President 
Abraham Lincoln, was four years of age at his 
father's death. 

When twenty-eight years old, Thomas Lincoln 
built a log cabin, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky 
emigrants, who had also come from Virginia. 
Their second child was Abraham Lincoln, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The mother of Abraham was 
a noble woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created 
to adorn a palace, but doomed to toil and pine, and 
die in a hovel. "All that I am, or hope to be," 
exclaimed the grateful son, " I owe to my angel- 
mother. ' ' When he was eight years ot age, his 
father sold his cabin and small farm and moved 
to Indiana, where two years later his mother died. 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly 
family was the usual lot of humanity. There 
were joys and griefs, weddings and funerals. 
Abraham's sister Sarah, to whom he was tenderly 
attached, was married when a child of but four- 
teen years of age, and soon died. The family 
was gradually scattered, and Thomas Lincoln 
sold out his .squatter's claim in 1830, and emi- 
grated to Macon County, 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twent>'-one years 
of age. With vigorous hands he aided his father 
in rearing another log cabin, and worked quite 
diligently at this until he saw the famil\- com- 
fortably settled, and their small lot of enclosed 
prairie planted with corn, when he announced to 

his father his intention to leave home, and to gc 
out into tlie world and .seek his fortune. Little 
did he or his friends imagine how brilliant that 
fortune wa.^ to be. He .saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intensely earnest to iinpro\-e his 
mind to the utmost of his power. Religion he 
revered. His morals were pure, and he was un- 
contaminated by a single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired 
laborer among the farmers. Then he went to 
Springfield, where he was employed in building 
a large flat-boat. In this he took a herd of .swine, 
floated them down the Sangamon to Illinois, and 
thence by the Mississippi to New Orleans. What- 
ever Abraham Lincoln undertook, he performed 
so faithfully as to give great satisfaction to his 
emploj'ers. In this adventure the latter were 
so well pleased, that upon his return they placed 
a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk 
War, he enlisted and was chosen Captain of a 
company. He returned to Sangamon County, 
and, although only twenty-three years of age, was 
a candidate for the Legislature, but was defeated. 
He soon after received from Andrew Jackson the 
appointment of Postmaster of New vSalem. His 
only post-ofiice was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there, ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied suneying, and 
soon made this his business. In 1834 he again 
became a candidate for the Legislature and was 
elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, advi.sed him 
to study law. He walked from New Salem to 
Springfield, borrowed of Mr. Stuart a load ol 
books, carried them back, and began his legal 
studies. When the Legislature assembled, he 
trudged on foot with his pack on his back one 
hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here 
it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1S39 
he removed to Springfield and began the practice 
of law. His success with the jury was so great 



that he was soon engaged in almost every noted 
case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincohi and Mr. Douglas on the slavery ques- 
tion. In the organization of the Republican party 
in Illinois, in 1S56, he took an active part, and at 
once became one of the leaders in that party. 
Mr. Lincoln's speeches in opposition to Senator 
Douglas in the contest in 1858 for a seat in the 
Senate, form a most notable part of his historj\ 
The issue was on the slavery question, and he 
took the broad ground of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, that all men are created equal. Mr. 
Lincoln was defeated in this contest, but won a 
far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chi- 
cago on the 1 6th of June, i860. The delegates 
and strangers who crowded the city amounted to 
twenty-five thousand. An immense building 
called " The Wigwam," was reared to accommo- 
date the convention. There were eleven candi- 
dates for whom votes were thrown. William H. 
Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman had 
long filled the land, was the most prominent. It 
was generally supposed he would be the nomi- 
nee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received the 
nomination on the third ballot. 

Election day came, and Mr. Lincoln received 
one hundred and eighty electoral votes out of two 
hundred and three, and was, therefore, con- 
stitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this 
good and merciful man, especially by the slave- 
holders, was greater than upon any other man 
ever elected to this high position. In February, 
1 861, Mr. Lincoln started for Washington, stop- 
ping in all the large cities on his way, making 
speeches. The whole journey was fraught with 
much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassi- 
nation were afterward brought to light. A gang 
in Baltimore had arranged upon his arrival to 
"get up a row," and in the confusion to make 
sure of his death with revolvers and hand-gren- 
ades. A detective unravelled the plot. A secret 
and special train was provided to take him from 
Harri.sburg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 

hour of the night. The train started at half-past 
ten, and to prevent any possible communication 
on the part of the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train 
had started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. 
Lincoln reached Washington in safety and was 
inaugurated, although great anxiety was felt by 
all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to 
other prominent opponents before the convention 
he gave important positions; but during no other 
administration had the duties devolving upon the 
President been so manifold, and the responsibilities 
so great, as those which fell to his lot. Knowing 
this, and feeling his own weakness and inability 
to meet, and in his own strength to cope with, 
the difSculties, he learned early to seek Divine 
wisdom and guidance in determining his plans, 
and Divine comfort in all his trials, both personal 
and national. Contrary to his own estimate of 
himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the most cour- 
ageous of men. He went directly into the rebel 
capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, with 
no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had 
been made for his assassination, and he at last 
fell a victim to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, 
with Gen. Grant, was urgently invited to attend 
Ford's Theatre. It was announced that they 
would be present. Gen. Grant, however, left the 
city. President Lincoln, feeling, with his char- 
acteristic kindliness of heart, that it would be a 
disappointment if he should fail them, very re- 
luctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play, an actor by the name of John Wilkes 
Booth entered the box where the President and 
family were seated, and fired a bullet into his 
brain. He died the next morning at seven 

Never before in the history of the world was 
a nation plunged into such deep grief by the death 
of its ruler Strong men met in the streets and 
wept in speechless anguish. His was a life which 
will fitly become a model. His name as the 
Savior of his country will live with that of Wash- 
ington's, its Father. 




r /'^^T^-iz^^L 




Gl NDREW JOHNSON, seventeenth President 
LA of the United States. The early life of An- 
/ I drew Johnson contains but the record of pov- 
ert)-, destitution and friendlessness. He was born 
December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, N. C. His par- 
ents, belonging to the class of "poor whites" 
of the South, were in such circumstances that they 
could not confer even the slightest advantages of 
education upon their child. When Andrew was 
five years of age, his father accidentally lost his 
life, while heroically endeavoring to save a friend 
from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by 
the labor of his mother, who obtained her li\ing 
with her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one 
day, and being unable either to read or write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gen- 
tleman was in the habit of going to the tailor's 
shop occasionally, and reading to the boys at 
work there. He often read from the speeches of 
distinguished British statesmen. Andrew, who 
was endowed with a mind of more than ordinary 
ability, became much interested in these speeches; 
his ambition was roused, and he was inspired with 
a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, 
and with the assistance of some of his fellow- 
workmen learned his letters. He then called upon 
the gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, pleased with his zeal, not only gave 
him the book, but assisted him in learning to com- 
bine the letters into words. Under such difficul- 
ties he pressed onward laboriously, .spending usu- 
ally ten or twelve hours at work in the shop, and 
then robbing himself of rest and recreation to de- 
vote such time as he could to reading. 

He w-ent to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 

Greenville, where he married a young lady who 
possessed some education . Under her instructions 
he learned to write and cipher. He became 
prominent in the village debating society, and a 
favorite with the .students of Greenville College. 
In 1828, he organized a working man's party, 
which elected him Alderman, and in 1830 elected 
him Mayor, which position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in 
political affairs, identifying himself with the work- 
ing-class, to which he belonged. In 1835, he 
was elected a member of the House of Represent- 
atives of Tennessee. He was then just twentj-- 
seven years of age. He became a very active 
member of the Legislature, gave his support to 
the Democratic party, and in 1840 "stumped the 
State," advocating Martin Van Buren's claims to 
the Presidency, in opposition to those of Gen. 
Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, 
he was elected a Member of Congress, and by suc- 
cessive elections held that important post for ten 
years. In 1853, he was elected Governor of Tenn- 
essee, and was re-elected in 1855. In all these 
responsible positions, he discharged his duties 
with distinguished ability, and proved himself the 
warm friend of the working classes. In 1857, Mr. 
Johnson was elected United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating, however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would 
probably prove "to be the gateway out of which 
the sable sons of Africa are to pass from bondage 
to freedom, and become merged in a population 
congenial to themselves." In 1850, he also sup- 
ported the compromise measures, the two essen- 



tial features of which wer^, that the white people 
of the Territories should be permitted to decide 
for themselves whether they would enslave the 
colored people or not, and that the free States of 
the North should return to the South persons who 
attempted to escape from slaverj'. 

Mr. Johnson was ne\'er ashamed of his lowly 
origin: on the contrary, he often took pride in 
avowing that he owed his distinction to his own 
exertions. "Sir," said he on the floor of the 
Senate, "I do not forget that I am a mechanic; 
neither do I forget that Adam was a tailor and 
sewed fig-leaves, and that our Savior was the son 
of a carpenter. ' ' 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of i860, 
he was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for 
the Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of 
the Southern Democracy became apparent, he took 
a decided stand in favor of the Union, and held 
that "slaverj' must be held subordinate to the 
Union at whatever cost." He returned to Tenn- 
essee, and repeatedly imperiled his own life to 
protect the Unionists of that State. Tennessee 
having seceded from the Union, President lyincoln, 
on March 4, 1862, appointed him Militar}' Gov- 
ernor of the State, and he established the most 
stringent military rule. His numerous proclama- 
tions attracted wide attention. In 1864, he was 
elected Vice-President of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. I^incoln, April 15, 1865, 
became President. In a speech two days later he 
said, "The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime 
and must be punished; that the Government will 
not alwaj's bear with its enemies; that it is strong 
not only to protect, but to punish. * * The 
people must understand that it (treason) is the 
blackest of crimes, and will surely be punished." 
Yet his whole administration, the history of which 
is so well known, was in utter inconsistency with, 
and in the most violent opposition to, the princi- 
ples laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress, and he 
characterized Congress as a new rebellion, and 
lawlessly defied it in everj'thing possible to the ut- 
most. In the beginning of 1868, on account of 

"High crimes and misdemeanors," the principal 
of which was the removal of Secretary Stanton in 
violation of the Tenure of Office Act, articles of 
impeachment were preferred against him, and the 
trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearlj' three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was 
at length submitted to the court for its action. It 
was certain that as the court voted upon that ar- 
ticle so would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices 
pronounced the President guilty. As a two-thirds 
vote was necessary to his condemnation, he was 
pronounced acquitted, notwithstanding the great 
majority against him. The change of one vote 
from the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The President, for the remainder of his term, 
was but little regarded. He continued, though 
impotently, his conflict with Congress. His own 
part}^ did not think it expedient to renominate 
him for the Presidency. The Nation rallied with 
enthusiasm, unparalleled since the days of Wash- 
ington, around the name of Gen. Grant. Andrew 
Johnson was forgotten. The bullet of the assassin 
introduced him to the President's chair. Not- 
withstanding this, never was there presented to a 
man a better opportunity to immortalize his name, 
and to win the gratitude of a nation. He failed 
utterly. He retired to his home in Greenville, 
Tenn., taking no very active part in politics until 
1875. On January 26, after an exciting struggle, 
he was chosen by the Legislature of Tennessee 
United States Senator in the Forty-fourth Congess, 
and took his seat in that body, at the special ses- 
sion convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-Presi- 
dent made a visit to his daughter's home, near 
Carter Station, Tenn. When he started on his 
journey, he was apparently in his usual vigorous 
health, but on reaching the residence of his child 
the following day, he was stricken with paralysis, 
which rendered him unconscious. He rallied oc- 
casionally, but finally passed away at 2 A. m., 
Jul}^ 31 , aged sixty-seven years. His funeral was 
held at Greenville, on the 3d of August, with 
every demonstration of respect. 






I ILYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth Presi- 
KSI dent of the United States, was born on the 
y^ 29th of April, 1822, of Christian parents, in 
a humble home at Point Pleasant, on the banks 
of the Ohio. Shortly after, his father moved to 
Georgetown, Brown County, Ohio. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses received a common- 
school education. At the age of seventeen, in 
the year 1839, he entered the Military Academy 
at West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man, of fair ability, and of sturdy, 
honest character. He took respectable rank as a 
-scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as Lieutenant of 
Infantry to one of the distant mihtary posts in the 
Missouri Territory. Two years he passed in these 
dreary .solitudes, watching the vagabond Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
.sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His 
first battle was at Palo Alto. There was no 
chance here for the exhibition of either skill or 
heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, his second 
battle. At the battle of Monterey, his third en- 
gagement, it is said that he performed a signal 
ser\'ice of daring and skillful horseman.ship. 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant 
returned with his regiment to New York, and 
was again sent to one of the militan,- posts on the 
frontier. The discovery of gold in California 
causing an immense tide of emigration to flow to 
the Pacific shores, Capt. Grant was sent with a 
battalion to Ft. Dallas, in Oregon, for the protec- 
tion of the interests of the immigrants. But life 
was wearisome in those wilds, and he resigned 
his commission and returned to the States. Hav- 
ing married, he entered upon the cultivation of a 
small farm near St. Louis, Mo., but having little 

skill as a farmer, and finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering 
into Ihe leather business, with a younger brother 
at Galena, 111. This was in the year i860. As 
the tidings of the rebels firing on Ft. Sumter 
reached the ears of Capt. Grant in his counting- 
room, he said: "Uncle Sam has educated me 
for the army; though I have served him through 
one war, I do not feel that I have yet repaid the 
debt. I am still ready to discharge my obliga- 
tions. I shall therefore buckle on my sword and 
see Uncle Sam through this war too. ' ' 

He went into the streets, raised a company of 
volunteers, and led them as their Captain to 
Springfield, the capital of the State, where their 
sen-ices were offered to Gov. Yates. The Gov- 
ernor, impressed by the zeal and straightforward 
executive ability of Capt. Grant, gave him a desk 
in his office to assist in the volunteer organiza- 
tion that was being fonned in the State in behalf 
of the Government. On the 15th of June, 1861, 
Capt. Grant received a commission as Colonel of 
the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. 
His merits as a West Point graduate, who had 
sen-ed for fifteen years in the regular army, were 
such that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
Brigadier-General, and was placed in connnand at 
Cairo. The rebels raised their banner at Padu- 
cah, near the mouth of the Tennessee River. 
Scarcely had its folds appeared in the breeze ere 
Gen. Grant was there. The rebels fled, their 
banner fell, and the Stars and Stripes were un- 
furled in its stead. 

He entered the senice with great determina- 
tion and immediately began active duty. This 
was the beginning, and until the .surrender of 
Lee at Richmond he was ever pushing the enemv 



with great vigor and eflFectiveness. At Belmont, 
a few days later, lie surprised and routed the 
rebels, then at Ft. Henrj- won another victor\'. 
Then came the brilliant fight at Ft. Donelson. 
The nation was electrified by the victory, and the 
brave leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a Major-General, and the military district 
of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well 
how to secure the results of victorj-. He imme- 
diately pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then 
came the terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, 
Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. 
Pemberton made an unconditional surrender of 
the city with over thirty thousand men and one 
hundred and seventy-two cannon. The fall of 
Mcksburg was by far the most severe blow which 
the rebels had thus far encountered, and opened 
up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown 
from his horse, and received severe injuries, from 
which he was laid up for months. He then 
rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas 
at Chattanooga, and by a wonderful series of 
strategic and technical measures put the Union 
army in fighting condition. Then followed the 
bloodj' battles at Chattanooga, Lookout Moun- 
tain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him 
unbounded praise in the North. On the 4th of 
February-, 1S64, Congress revived the grade of 
lieutenant-general, and the rank was conferred 
on Gen. Grant. He repaired to Washington to 
receive his credentials and enter upon the duties 
of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge 
of the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed 
National troops for an attack upon Richmond, 
the nominal capital of the rebellion, and endeavor 
there to destroy the rebel armies which would be 
promptly assembled from all quarters for its de- 
fense. The whole continent seemed to tremble 
tinder the tramp of these majestic armies, rushing 
to the decisive battle-field. Steamers were crowd- 
ed wilh troops. Railway trains were burdened 

with closely-packed thousands. His plans were 
comprehensive, and involved a series of cam- 
paigns, which were executed with remarkable 
energy and ability, and were consummated at the 
surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. 
The almost unanimous voice of the nation de- 
clared Gen. Grant to be the most prominent in- 
strument in its salvation. The eminent services 
he had thus rendered the country brought him 
conspicuously forward as the Republican candi- 
date for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated 
for the Presidency, and at the autumn election 
received a majority of the popular vote, and two 
hundred and fourteen out of two hundred and 
ninety-four electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican 
party, which met at Philadelphia on the 5th 01 
June, 1S72, placed Gen. Grant in nomination for 
a second term by a unanimous vote. The selec- 
tion was emphatically indorsed by the people five 
months later, two hundred and ninety-two elect- 
oral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. 
Grant started upon his famous trip around the 
world. He visited almost every country of the 
civilized world, and was everywhere received 
with such ovations and demonstrations of respect 
and honor, private as well as public and official, 
as were never before bestowed upon any citizen 
of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before 
the Republican National Convention in 1880 for 
a renomination for President. He went to New 
York and embarked in the brokerage business 
under the firm name of Grant & Ward. The 
latter proved a villain, wrecked Grant's fortune, 
and for larceny was sent to the penitentiary. 
The General was attacked with cancer in the 
throat, but suffered in his stoic-like manner, never 
complaining. He was re-instated as General of 
the Army, and retired by Congress. The cancer 
soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, 
the nation went in mourning over the death o: 
the illustrioiis General. 




o 0'U_6!---^/' 




RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nineteenth 
President of the United States, was born in 
Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822, ahnost 
three months after the death of his father, Ruther- 
ford Hayes. His ancestni- on both the paternal and 
maternal sides was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. Both 
families belonged to the nobility, owned extensive 
estates, and had a large following. Misfortune 
overtaking the family, George Hayes left Scotland 
in 16S0, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, 
married Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of 
his marriage until his death in Simsbury, Coini. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was 
a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. 
Rutherford Hayes, son of Ezekiel and grandfather 
of President Hayes, was born in New Haven, in 
August, 1756. He was a farmer, blacksmith and 
tavern-keeper. He emigrated to Vermont at an 
unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, where he 
established a hotel. Here his son, Rutherford 
Hayes, the father of President Hayes, was born. 
He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they having 
been among the wealthiest and best families of 
Norwich. Her ancestry on the male side is 
traced back to 1635, to John Birchard, one of the 
principal founders of Norwich. Both of her grand- 
fathers were soldiers in the Revolutionary' War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industri- 
ous, frugal, yet open-hearted man. He was of a 

mechanical turn of mind, and could mend a plow, 
knit a stocking, or do almost anything else that 
he chose to undertake. He was a member of the 
church, active in all the benevolent enterprises 
of the town, and conducted his business on Chris- 
tian principles. After the close of the War of 
18 1 2, for rea.sons inexplicable to his neighbors, he 
resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day, 
when there were no canals, steamers, or rail- 
ways, was a very serious affair. A tour of in- 
spection was first made, occup}-ing four months. 
Mr. Hayes decided to move to Delaware, where 
the family arrived in 181 7. He died July 22, 
1822, a victim of malarial fever, less than three 
months before the birth of the son of whom we 
write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore bereavement, 
found the support she so much needed in her 
brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from 
Vermont, and in an orphan girl, whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Rutherford was seven years old before he went 
to school. His education, however, was not neg- 
lected. He probably learned as much from his 
mother and sister as he would have done at 
school. His sports were wholly within 
doors, his playmates being his sister and her asso- 
ciates. These circumstances tended, no doubt, to 
foster that gentleness of disposition and that del- 
icate consideration for the feelings of others which 
were marked traits of his character. 

His uncle, Sardis Birchard, took the deepest 
interest in his education; and as the boy's health 
had improved, and he was making good progress 
in his studies, he proposed to .send him to college. 
His preparation commenced with a tutor at home; 



but he was afterwards sent for one year to a pro- 
fessor in the Wesleyan University in Middletown, 
Conn. He entered Kenyon College in 1838, at 
the age of sixteen, and was graduated at the head 
of his class in 1S42. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, 
Esq., in Columbus. Finding his opportunities 
for study in Columbus somewhat limited, he de- 
termined to enter the Uaw School at Cambridge, 
Mass. , where he remained two j-ears. 

In 1S45, after graduating at the Law School, he 
was admitted to the Bar at Marietta, Ohio, and 
shortly aftenvard went into practice as an at- 
torney-at-law with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fre- 
mont. Here he remained three years, acquiring 
but a limited practice, and apparently unambitious 
of distinction in his profession. 

In 1S49 he moved to Cincinnati, where his am- 
bition found a new stimulus. For several years, 
however, his progress was slow. Two events 
occurring at this period had a powerful influence 
upon his subsequent life. One of these was his 
marriage with Miss Lucy Ware Webb, daughter 
of Dr. James Webb, of Chillicothe; the other was 
his introduction to the Cincinnati Uiterary Club, 
a body embracing among its members such men 
as Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, Gen. John 
Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many others 
hardh' less distinguished in after life. The mar- 
riage was a fortunate one in ever}' respect, as 
ever\-body knows. Not one of all the wives of 
our Presidents was more universallj- admired, 
reverenced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor upon 
American womanhood. The Literarj'Club brought 
Mr. Hayes into constant association with young 
men of high character and noble aims, and lured 
him to display the qualities so long hidden by his 
bashfulness and modesty. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas, but he declined to 
accept the nomination. Two years later, the of- 
fice of City Solicitor becoming vacant, the City 
Council elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was 
at the zenith of his professional life. His rank at 

the Bar was among the first. But the news of 
the attack on Ft. Sumter found him eager to 
take up arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. 
In October, 1861, he was made Lieutenant- Colo- 
nel, and in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of 
the Seventy-ninth Ohio Regiment, but he refused 
to leave his old comrades and go among strangers. 
Subsequently, however, he was made Colonel of 
his old regiment At the battle of South Moun- 
tain he received a wound, and while faint and 
bleeding displayed courage and fortitude that 
won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, 
and placed in command of the celebrated Kanawha 
division, and for gallant and meritorious services 
in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and 
Cedar Creek, he was promoted Brigadier-General. 
He was also breveted Major-General, ' 'for gallant 
and distinguished services during the campaigns 
of 1864, in West Virginia." In the course of his 
arduous services, four horses were shot from un- 
der him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress 
from the Second Ohio District, which had long 
been Democratic. He was not present during the 
campaign, and after the election was importuned 
to resign his commission in the army; but he fi- 
nally declared, " I shall never come to Washing- 
ton until I can come by way of Richmond." He 
was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen. Hayes was elected Governor of 
Ohio, over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular 
Democrat, and in 1869 was re-elected over George 
H. Pendleton. He was elected Governor for the 
third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard-bearer of the Re- 
publican party in the Presidential contest, and 
after a hard, long contest was chosen President, 
and was inaugurated Monday, March 5, 1877. 
He served his full term, not, however, with satis- 
faction to his part}-, but his administration was an 
average one. The remaining years of his life 
were passed quietly in his Ohio home, where he 
passed away January 17, 1893. 






(I AMES A. GARFIELD, twentieth President 
I of the United States, was born November 19, 
O 1S31, in tlie woods of Orange, Cuyahoga 
County, Ohio. His parents were Abrani and 
Eliza (Ballou) Garfield, both of New England 
ancestry, and from families well known in the 
early history of that section of our countrj', but 
who had moved to the Western Reserve, in Ohio, 
early in its settlement. 

The house iii which James A. was born was 
not unlike the houses of poor Ohio farmers of 
that day. It was about 20 x 30 feet, built of logs, 
with the spaces between the logs filled with clay. 
His father was a hard-working farmer, and he 
soon had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, 
and a log barn built. The household comprised 
the father and mother and their four children, 
Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and James. In May, 
1823, the father died from a cold contracted in 
helping to put out a forest fire. At this time 
James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, 
can tell how much James was indebted to liis 
brother's toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty 
years succeeding his father's death. He now 
lives in Michigan, and the two sisters Hve in Solon, 
Ohio, near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Gar- 
field enjo\ed were very limited, yet he made the 
most of them. He labored at farm work for 
others, did carpenter work, chopped wood, or did 
anything that would bring in a few dollars to aid 
his widowed mother in her struggles to keep the 
little family together. Nor was Gen. Garfield 
ever ashamed of his origin, and he never forgot 
the friends of his .struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood; neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest .seats of honor, the humblest 
friend of his boyhood was as kindly greeted as 
ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the sym- 
pathy of one who had known all the bitterness of 

want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, 
plain, modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until 
he was about sixteen years old was to be cap- 
tain of a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious 
to go aboard a vessel, but this his mother strongly 
opposed. She finallj' consented to his going to 
Cleveland, with the understanding, however, that 
he should try to obtain some other kind of em- 
ployment. He walked all the wa}- to Cleveland. 
This was his first visit to the city. After making 
many applications for work, and trjing to get 
aboard a lake vessel and not meeting with suc- 
cess, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. 
He remained at this work but a short time, when 
he went home, and attended the seminary at 
Chester for about three years. He then entered 
Hiram and the Eclectic Institute, teaching a few 
terms of school in the mean time, and doing other 
work. This school was started by the Disciples 
of Christ in 1850, of which body he was then a 
member. He became janitor and bell-ringer in 
order to help pay his way. He then became both 
teacher and pupil. Soon " exhausting Hiram," 
and needing a higher education, in the fall of 1854 
he entered Williams College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1856, taking one of the highest honors of 
his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram Col- 
lege as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian, or Disciples, Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous 
member, often preaching in its pulpit and places 
where he happened to be. 

Mr. Garfield was united in ma/riage, Novem- 
ber II, 1858, with Miss Lucretia Rudolph, who 
proved herself worthy as the wife of one whom 
all the world loved. To them were born seven 
children, five of whom are still living, four boys 
and one girl. 



Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 
1856, in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and 
three j-ears later he began to speak at county 
mass-meetings, and became the favorite speaker 
wherever he was. During this year he was 
elected to the Ohio Senate. He also began to 
study law at Cleveland, and in 1861 was admitted 
to the Bar. The great Rebellion broke out in the 
earlv part of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once 
resolved to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to 
defend the Old Flag. He received his commission 
as Lieutenant- Colonel of the Forty-second Regi- 
ment of Ohio Infantry August 14, 1861. He 
was immediately put into active service, and be- 
fore he had ever seen a gun fired in action, was 
placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalrj^ charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the able 
rebel officer, Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky. 
This work was bravely and speedily accomplished, 
although against great odds, and President Lin- 
coln commissioned him Brigadier-General, Janu- 
ary ID, 1862; and "as he had bee.i the youngest 
man in the Ohio Senate two years before, so now 
he was the 3'oungest General in the army." He 
was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in its 
operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of 
the general court martial for the trial of Gen. 
Fitz-John Porter. He was next ordered to re- 
port to Gen. Rosecrans, and was assigned to the 
" Chief of Staff." The military history of Gen. 
Garfield closed with his brilliant services at Chick- 
amauga, where he won the rank of Major-General. 
Without an effort on his part. Gen. Garfield 
was elected to Congress in the fall of 1862, from 
the Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of 
Ohio had been represented in Congress for sixty 
years mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and 
Joshua R. Giddings. It was not without a strug- 
gle that he resigned his place in the army. At 
the time he entered Congress he was the youngest 
member in that body. There he remained by 
successive re-elections until he was elected Presi- 
dent, in 1880. Of his labors in Congress, Senator 
Hoar says: "Since the year 1864 3'ou cannot 
think of a question which has been debated in 

Congress, or discussed before a tribunal of the 
American people, in regard to which you will not 
find, if you wish instruction, the argument on 
one side stated, in almost every instance better 
than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elect- 
ed to the United States Senate, and on the 8th of 
June, of the same year, was nominated as the 
candidate of his party for President at the great 
Chicago Convention. He was elected in the fol- 
lowing November, and on March 4, 188 1, was 
inaugurated. Probably no administration ever 
opened its existence under brighter auspices than 
that of President Garfield, and every day it grew 
in favor with the people. By the ist of July 
he had completed all the initiatory and prehmi- 
narj' wofk of his administration, and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams College. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretary Blaine, a man 
stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and fired 
directly at his back. The President tottered and 
fell, and as he did so the assassin fired a second 
shot, the bullet cutting the left coat sleeve of his 
victim, but inflicting no further injury. It has 
been verj' truthfully said that this was ' ' the shot 
that was heard around the world. ' ' Never before 
in the history of the nation had anything occur- 
red which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment as this awful deed. He was 
smitten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his 
life, at the summit of his power and hope. For 
eighty days, all during the hot months of July 
and August, he lingered and suffered. He, how- 
ever, remained master of himself till the last, and 
by his magnificent bearing taught the country 
and the world one of the noblest of human les- 
sons — how to live grandly in the very clutch of 
death. Great in life, he was surpassingly great 
in death. He passed serenely away September 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of 
the ocean, where he had been taken shortly be- 
fore. The world wept at his death, as it rarelj' 
ever had done on the death of any other great 
and noble man. 




E HESTER A. ARTHUR, twenty-first Presi- 
dent of the United States, was born in Frank- 
lin County, Vt., on the 5th day of October, 
1 830, and was the eldest of a family of two sons 
and five daughters. His father was the Rev. Dr. 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who emi- 
grated to this country from County Antrim, Ire- 
land, in his eighteenth year, and died in 1875, in 
Newtonville, near Albany, after a long and suc- 
cessful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at Union College, 
Schenectady, where he excelled in all liis studies. 
After his graduation he taught school in Ver- 
mont for two years, and at the expiration of that 
time came to New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge E. D. Culver 
as a sttident. After being admitted to the Bar, he 
formed a partnership with his intimate friend and 
room-mate, Henrj' D. Gardiner, with the inten- 
tion of practicing in the West, and for three 
months they roamed about in the Western States 
in search of an eligible site, but in the end re- 
turned to New York, where they hung out their 
shingle, and entered upon a successful career al- 
most from the start. Gen. Arthur soon after mar- 
ried the daughter of Lieut. Herndon, of the 
United States Navy, who was lost at sea. Con- 
gress voted a gold medal to his widow in recog- 
nition of the bravery he di.splayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. 
Arthur's nomination to the Vice-Presidency, leav- 
ing two children. 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celeb- 
rity in his first great case, the famous Lemmon 
suit, brought to recover possession of eight slaves 
who had been declared free by Judge Paine, of 
the Superior Court of New York City. It was in 

1852 that Jonathan Lemmon, of Virginia, went 10 
New York with his slaves, intending to ship them 
to Texas, when they were discovered and freed. 
The Judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive vSlave Law. A howl 
of rage went up from the South, and the Virginia 
Legislature authorized the Attorney-General of 
that State to a.ssist in an appeal. William M. 
Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed to 
represent the people, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the 
United States. Charles O' Conor here espoused 
the cause of the slaveholders, but he, too, was 
beaten b}- Messrs. Evarts and Arthur, and a long 
step was taken toward the emancipation of the 
black race. 

Another great sen,-ice was rendered by Gen. 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jen- 
nings, a respectable colored woman, was put off 
a Fourth Avenue car with violence after she had 
paid her fare. Gen. Arthur sued on her behalf, 
and secured a verdict of $500 damages. The next 
day the company issued an order to admit colored 
persons to ride on their cars, and the other car 
companies quickly followed their example. Be- 
fore that the Si.xth Avenue Company ran a few 
special cars for colored persons, and the other lines 
refused to let them ride at all. 

Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the convention 
at .Saratoga that founded the ReiDublican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of 
the Second Brigade of the State of New York, 
and Gov. Morgan, of that State, appointed him 
Engineer-iu-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was 
made Inspector- General, and .soon afterward be- 
came Quartermaster-General. In each of these 
ofiBces he rendered great service to the Govern- 



ment during the war. At the end of Gov. Mor- 
gan's term he resumed the practice of law, form- 
ing a partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then 
Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney of New York, 
was added to the finn. The legal practice of this 
ivell-known firm was vers- large and lucrative, 
as each of the gentlemen composing it was an able 
lawj-er, and possessed a splendid local reputa- 
tion, if not, indeed, one of national extent. 

Mr. Arthur always took a leading part in State 
and city politics. He was appointed Collector of 
the Port of New York by President Grant, No- 
vember 21, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, 
and he held the office until July 20, 1878, when 
he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous National Republican Convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assembled 
on the continent. It was composed of the lead- 
ing politicians of the Republican party, all able 
men, and each stood firm and fought vigorously 
and with signal tenacity for his respective can- 
didate that was before the convention for the 
domination. Finally Gen. Garfield received the 
'lomination for President, and Gen. Arthur for 
Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the his- 
tory of our country. Gen. Hancock, the stand- 
ard-bearer of the Democratic party, was a popular 
man, and his party made a valiant fight for his 

Finall}' the election came, and the country's 
choice was Garfield and Arthur. They were in- 
augurated March 4, i88i, as President and Vice- 
President. A few months only had passed ere 
the newly-chosen President was the \-ictim of the 
assa.ssin's bullet. Then came terrible weeks of 
suffering — those moments of anxious suspense, 
when the hearts of all civilized nations were 
throbbing in unison, longing for the recovery of 
the noble, the good President. The remarkable 
patience that he manifested during those hours 
und weeks, and even months, of the most terrible 
suffering man has ever been called upon to en- 
dure, was seemingly more than human. It was 

certainly godlike. During all this period of 
deepest anxiety Mr. Arthur's every move was 
watched, and, be it said to his credit, that his everj- 
action displayed only an earnest desire that the 
suffering Garfield might recover to serve the re- 
mainder of the term he had so auspiciously be- 
gun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested in 
deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering, and the world, as 
never before in its history over the death of any 
other man, wept at his bier. Then it became the 
duty of the Vice-President to assume the respon- 
sibilities of the high office, and he took the oath 
in New York, September 20, 1881. The position 
was an embarrassing one to him, made doubly so 
from the fact that all eyes were on him, anxious 
to know what he would do, what policy he would 
pursue, and whom he would select as advisers. 
The duties of the office had been greatly neglected 
during the President's long illness, and many im- 
portant measures were to be immediately decided 
by him; and to still further embarass him he did 
not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many 
on this point. Under these trying circumstances. 
President Arthur took the reins of the Govern- 
ment in his own hands, and, as embarrassing as 
was the condition of affairs, he happily surprised 
the nation, acting so wisely that but few criticized 
his administration. He ser\'ed the nation well 
and faithfully until the close of his administra- 
tion, March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his party for a second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at Chi- 
cago, and was received with great favor, and 
doubtless but for the personal popularity of one 
of the opposing candidates, he would have been 
selected as the standard-bearer of his party for 
another campaign. He retired to private life, car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American 
people, whom he had served in a manner satisfac- 
tory to them and with credit to himself One 
year later he was called to his final rest. 







2\ twenty -second President of the United States, 
\~/ was born in 1837, in the obscure town of 
Caldwell, Essex County, N. J., and in a little 
Iwo-and-a-half-story white house, which is still 
standing to characteristically mark the humble 
birthjjlace of one of America's great men, in 
striking contrast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office nuist be high in origin and 
born in the cradle of wealth. When the subject 
of this sketch was three years of age, his father, 
who was a Presbyterian minister with a large 
family and a small salary, moved, by wa)' of the 
Hudson River and Erie Canal, to Fayetteville, N. 
Y., in search of an increased income and a larger 
field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of countn,- villages, about five miles 
from Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour 
was born. 

At the last-mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the good, old-fashioned 
way, and presumably distinguished himself after 
the manner of all village boys — in doing the 
things he ought not to do. Such is the dis- 
tinguishing trait of all geniuses and independent 
thinkers. When he arrived at the age of four- 
teen years, he had outgrown the capacity of the 
village school, and expressed a most emphatic de- 
sire to be sent to an academy. To this his fa- 
ther decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days ccst money; besides, his father wanted him 
to become self-supporting by the quickest pos- 
sible means, and this at that time in Fayetteville 
seemed to be a position in a country store, where 
his father and the large family on his hands had 

considerable influence. Grover was to be paid 
$50 for his services the first year, and if he proved 
trustworthy he was to receive $100 the second 
year. Here the lad commenced his career as 
salesman, and in two years he had earned so good 
a reputation for trustworthiness that his employ- 
ers desired to retain him for an indefinite length 
of time. 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their re- 
moval to Clinton, where he had an opportunity 
of attending a High School. Here he industri- 
ously pursued his studies until the family re- 
moved with him to a point on Black River known 
as the "Holland Patent," a village of five or .six 
hundred people, fifteen miles north of Utica, N. Y. 
At this place his father died, after preaching but 
three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, 
at a small salary, the position of under-teacher 
in an asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully 
for two years, and although he obtained a good 
reputation in this capacity, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling in life, and, revers- 
ing the traditional order, he left the city to seek 
his fortune, instead of going to the city. He first 
thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as there was some 
charm in that name for him ; but before proceed- 
ing to that place he went to Buffalo to ask advice 
of his uncle, lycwis F. Allan, a noted stock- 
breeder of that place. The latter did not speak 
enthu.siastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he a.sked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply "Good gracious!" remarked 
the old gentleman; " do you, indeed? Whatever 



put that into your head? How much money 
have you got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I 
haven't got anj-." 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him 
a place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at 
$50 a year, while he could look around. One 
day soon aftersvard he boldly walked into the of- 
fice of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and 
told them what he wanted. A number of young 
men were already engaged in the office, but Gro- 
ver's persistency won, and he was finally per- 
mitted to come as an office boy and have the use 
of the law library, receiving as wages the sum of 
$3 or $4. a week. Out of this he had to pay for his 
board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair, and as for his overcoat he 
had none; yet he was, nevertheless, prompt and 
regular. On the first day of his service there, his 
senior employer threw down a copy of Black- 
stone before him, with a bang that made the dust 
fly, saying "That's where they all begin." A 
titter ran around the little circle of clerks and 
students, as they thought that was enough to 
scare young Grover out of his plans; but in due 
time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleve- 
land exhibited a talent for executiveness rather 
than for chasing principles through all their 
metaphysical possibilities. ' 'Let us quit talking 
and go and do it, ' ' was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland 
was elected was that of Sheriff of Erie County, 
N. Y., in which Buffalo is situated; and in such 
capacity it fell to his duty to inflict capital punish- 
ment upon two criminals. In 1881 he was 
elected Mayor of the City of Buffalo, on the 
Democratic ticket, with especial reference to bring- 
ing about certain reforms in the administration 
of the municipal affairs of that city. In this of- 
fice, as well as in that of Sheriff, his performance 
of duty has generally been considered fair, with 
possibly a few exceptions, which were ferreted 
out and magnified during his Presidential cam- 
paign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an 

iniquitous street-cleaning contract: "This is a 
time for plain speech, and my objection to your 
action shall be plainly stated. I regard it as the 
culmination of a most bare-faced, impudent and 
shameless scheme to betray the interests of the 
people and to worse than squander the people's 
money." The New York Sun afterward very 
highly commended Mr. Cleveland's administra- 
tion as Mayor of Buffalo, and thereupon recom- 
mended him for Governor of the Empire State. 
To the latter office he was elected in 1882, and 
his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, 
if anj-, were made very public throughout the na- 
tion after he was nominated for President of the 
United States. For this high office he was 
nominated July 11, 1884, by the National Demo- 
cratic Convention at Chicago, when other com- 
petitors were Thomas F. Bayard, Roswell P. 
Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. 
Butler, Allen G. Thurman, ' etc. ; and he was 
elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Re- 
publican statesman, James G. Blaine. President 
Cleveland resigned his office as Governor of New 
York in January, 1885, in order to prepare for 
his duties as the Chief Executive of the United 
States, in which capacity his term commenced at 
noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 

The silver question precipitated a controversy 
between those who were in favor of the continu- 
ance of silver coinage and those who were op- 
posed, Mr. Cleveland answering for the latter, 
even before his inauguration. 

On June 2, 1886, President Cleveland married 
Frances, daughter of his deceased friend and part- 
ner, Oscar Folsom, of the Buffalo Bar. Their 
union has been blessed b}- the birth of two daugh- 
ters. In the campaign of 1888, President Cleve- 
land was renominated by his party, but the 
Republican candidate, Gen. Benjamin Harrison, 
was victorious. In the nominations of 1892 
these two candidates for the highest position in 
the gift of the people were again pitted agai -st 
each other, and in the ensuing election Presic'.e'.it 
Cleveland was victorious by an overwheLnin^ 




, d^V^ 

<^2>^/>-^c^^ <c<H^— t^ 


QENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty-third 
IC\ President, is the descendant of one of the 
CI/ historical families of this country. The first 
known head of the family was Maj.-Gen. Harrison, 
one of Oliver Cromwell's trusted followers and 
fighters. In the zenith of Cromwell's power it be- 
came the duty of this Harrison to participate in 
the trial of Charles I., and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this with his life, being hung October 13, 
1660. His descendants came to America, and 
the next of the family that appears in history is 
Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grandfa- 
ther of the subject of this sketch, and after whom 
Ise was named. Benjamin Harrison was a mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress during the years 
1774, 1775 and 1776, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 

Gen. William Henn,' Harri.son, the son of the 
di.stingui.shed patriot of the Revolution, after a 
successful career as a soldier during the War of 
18 1 2, and with a clean record as Governor of the 
Northwestern Territon', was elected President of 
the United States in 1840. His career was cut 
short by death within one month after his in- 

President Harrison was born at Nortli Bend, 

Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1C33. K'' 
life up to the time of his graduation from Miami 
University, at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful 
one of a country lad of a i'amil)' of small means. 
His father was able to give him a good education, 
and nothing more. He became engaged while at 
college to the daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of 
a female school at Oxford. After graduating, he 
determined to enter upon the study of law. He 
went to Cincinnati and there read law for two 
years. At the expiration of that time young Har- 
rison received the only inheritance of his life — his 
aunt, dying, left him a lot \-alued at $800. He 
regarded this legacy as a fortune, and decided to 
get married at once, take this money and go to 
some E'astern town and begin the practice of law. 
He sold his lot, and, with the money in his pocket, 
he .started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to Indian- 
apolis, which was even at that time a town of 
promise. He met with slight encouragement at 
first, making scarcely anything the first year. 
He worked diligently, applying him.self closely to 
his calling, built up an extensive practice and 
took a leading rank in the legal profession. 

In i860, Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speaker. He can- 



vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by 
a handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 
Seventeenth Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its 
Colonel. His regiment was composed of the raw- 
est material, but Col. Harrison employed all his 
time at first in mastering military- tactics and drill- 
ing his men, and when he came to move toward 
the East with Sherman, his regiment was one of 
the best drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resaca he especially distinguished himself, and 
(br his bravery at Peachtree Creek he was made 
a Brigadier-General, Gen. Hooker speaking of 
him in the most complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the 
field, the Supreme Court declared the office of 
Supreme Court Reporter vacant, and another 
person was elected to the position. From the 
time of leaving Indiana with his regiment until 
the fall of 1864 he had taken no leave of absence, 
but having been nominated that year for the same 
ofiice, he got a thirty-day leave of absence, and 
during that time made a brilliant canvass of the 
State, and was elected for another term. He then 
started to rejoin Sherman, but on the way was 
stricken down witli scarlet fever, and after a most 
trying attack made his way to the front in time to 
participate in the closing incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-election 
as Reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 
1876 he was a candidate for Governor. Although 
defeated, the brilliant campaign he made won for 
him a national reputation, and he was much sought 
after, especially in the East, to make speeches. 
In 1880, as usual, he took an active part in the 
campaign, and was elected to the United States 
Senate. Here he served for six years, and was 
known as one of the ablest men, best lawyers and 
strongest debaters in that body. With the ex- 
piration of his senatorial term he returned to the 
practice of his profession, becoming the head of 
one of the strongest firms in the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. 
The convention which assembled in Chicago in 
June and named Mr. Harrison as the chief st.tnd- 
ard-bearer of the Republican party was great in 
every particular, and on this account, and the at- 

titude it assumed upon the vital questions of the 
day, chief among which was the tariff, awoke a 
deep interest in the campaign throughout the 
nation. Shortly after the nomination, delegations 
began to visit Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his 
home. This movement became popular, and from 
all sections of the country societies, clubs and 
delegations journeyed thither to pay their re- 
spects to the distinguished statesman. 

Mr. Harrison spoke daily all through the sum- 
iner and autumn to these visiting delegations, 
and so varied, masterly, and eloquent were his 
speeches that they at once placed him in the fore- 
most rank of American orators and statesmen. 
Elected by a handsome majority, he served his 
country faithfully and well, and in 1892 was nom- 
inated for re-election; but the people demanded a 
change and he was defeated by his predecessor 
in office, Grover Cleveland. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and 
his power as a debater, Gen. Harrison was called 
upon at an early age to take part in the dis- 
cussion of the great questions that then began to 
agitate the country. He was an uncompromising 
anti-slavery man, and was matched against some 
of the most eminent Democratic speakers of his 
State. No man who felt the touch of his blade 
desired to be pitted with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never spoke for ora- 
torical effect, but his words ahvays went like bul- 
lets to the mark. He is purely American in his 
ideas, and is a splendid type of the American 
statesman. Gifted with quick perception, a logi- 
cal mind and a ready tongue, he is one of the 
most distinguished impromptu speakers in the 
nation. Many of these speeches sparkled with the 
rarest eloquence and contained arguments of great 
weight, and many of his terse statements have 
already become aphorisms. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, terse in statement, yet withal 
faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the daj'. 
During the last days of his administration Presi- 
dent Harrison suffered an irreparable loss in the 
death of his devoted wife, Caroline (Scott) Har- 
rison, a lady of many womanly charms and vir- 
tues. They were the parents of two children. 






IS^HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of tlie age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand tliat a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
.safe vessel in which the names and actions of the , 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserviid. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The ininiber re- 
maining wlio can relate the incidents of the first days 
■){ settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. AH will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
ThT pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the atcheologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their gieat mounds of eartii, had but this idea — 
to leave something to sliow that they had lived. All 
t'.iese works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity ; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable systeir 
of local biography. Ey this system every man, thougi 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
llirough the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme^ 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose live" 
are unworthy of public record. 








most [jromincnt citizens of St. Charles 
County, is a resident of tlie city of tbe 
same name. He is a leading Republican, and was 
elected to represent this district in the Missouri Sen- 
ate in the year 1866, during his term serving on 
the Judiciary, Educational, State University and 
Deaf and Dumb Asylum Committees. In the gen- 
eral election of 1868 he was chosen one of General 
Grant's Electors of the State. From 1868 to 1870 
he was Chairman of the Judiciary Committee of 
the Senate, and as such was author of the Consti- 
tutional Amendment to enfranchise those who had 
engaged in the Rebellion and to give the ballot to 
the late slaves. 

In 1870 Mr. Bru^re received renoniination by 
the Republican convention for the Senate, but 
was defeated on account of a split by the liberal 
move in the part}' that year. In 1872 he was Sec- 
retary of the Republican State Convention at Jef- 
ferson City, and by that body was chosen a dele- 
gate to the National Convention at Philadelphia 
which re-nominated General Grant. In 1876 he 
assisted in nominating Hayes at Cincinnati, and in 
1884 was a delegate to the National Convention 
at Chicago, which placed in nomination James G. 

Tlic paternal grandfather of the subject of this 
sketch bore the name of Francis Bru6re. He died 
about 1820, leaving large estates near Frankfort- 
on-the-Main. His son, the father of our subject, 

was Jean Bruere, a native of Prussia, whose death 
occurred in the city of Cologne when he was about 
forty-eight years of age. His life occupation was 
that of an architect. His wife bore the maiden 
name of Wilhelraina Jaeger. Her parents were 
residents of southern Germany, their home being 
situated near Frankfort. Eight children were 
born of this union, and all but one of the num- 
ber are still living. 

A native of Prussia, Hon. Theodore Bruere was 
born in the city of Cologne in 1831, and in 1843 
removed with his parents to Darmstadt. In 1846 
he entered the Pol^technicum and took a full 
course of lectures in the department of civil en- 
gineering, graduating therefrom in 1849. In July, 
1850, he arrived in New York with only a half- 
dollar (Prussian money) in his pocket. Proceed- 
ing to St. Louis, he was unable to find emplo}'- 
inent there, and went to Warren County, where 
he obtained work on farms. 

In 1852 Judge Wallace, of that county, em- 
ployed the young man to teach Latin and the 
higher branches in a private school. Subsequentl}' 
he resigned in order to accept a position on the St. 
Charles Democrat, and at the end of a year his 
brother Gustave became proprietor of the journal. 
After a course of preparatoiy work in the law 
office of .ludge A. Krekel, he entered the law de- 
partment of Cincinnati College, and was gradu- 
ated therefrom in 1855. Returning to St. Charles, 
he was admitted to the Bar, and in August of tbe 



same year (1855) was elected to serve for four 
years as Surveyor of St. Charles County, and dur- 
ing this term was also City Engineer for three 

In 1863 Mr. Bruere was appointed City Attor- 
ney, which office he held for seven consecutive 
j'ears. In 1858 he became a member of the School 
Board of this city, was re-elected in 1863, after- 
ward became Secretary of that honorable body, 
.ind has continued to serve in that capacity for 
the past thirt3'-two years. In 1867 he was elected 
President of the St. Charles Savings Bank, which 
he assisted in organizing, and of which he is still 
President. In August, 1861, he enlisted in the 
St. Charles County Home Guards, under Colonel 
Krekel, and afterward was a member of the Twen- 
ty-seventh Regiment of Enrolled Missouri Militia, 
under Col. Benjamin Emmons. Either in company 
with his wife or other members of his family he 
has made .seven trips to Europe, visiting relatives 
and old friends. 

September 8, 1857, Hon. Mr. Bruere wedded 
Minna Jaeger, who was born September 8, 1834, 
in the Grand Duchy of Hesse, Germany. Her fa- 
ther, Theodore, was a high official in the Govern- 
ment service. The marriage of our subject and 
wife was blessed with nine children, of whom the 
following are living: Bertha, Mrs. Christ Daudt, 
of Toledo, Ohio; Lena, who married Frank J. 
Roche, now of Toronto, Canada; Thekia; Theo- 
dore, Prosecuting Attorney of St. Charles Countv; 
and Laura. The daughters received their educa- 
tion at Linden wood College, and the two elder 
studied in Germany. Mrs. Bruere is a'member of 
the Lutheran Church of this city. 



RITZ SCHNARRE, a respected German- 
■^ American citizen of St. Charles County, 
is the proprietor and manager of a valu- 
able farm in township 47, range 6. He commen- 
ced his life in the New World entirely without 
means, but his willing hands and ambitious desire 
to succeed have wrought for him a fair competence 

and a comfortable home. He has worked industri- 
ously to accomplish this result, and may truly be 
called a self-made man. 

Fritz Schnarre is one of seven children, five sons 
and two daughters. Of this number two of his 
sisters and three of his brothers are still living, 
namely: Minnie, who is a widow, and Charlie, both 
of whom still reside in Prussia; and William, Henry 
and Louise, who have come to America. The par- 
ents of these children were Fritz and Lena 
(Kleasner) Schnarre. The former followed farm- 
ing in Prussia, his native land, and there his death 
occurred when he was about sixty-five years of age. 
His wife departed this life during the '50s. 

December 10, 1847, occurred the birth of our 
subject, in Prussia, Germany. He was reared up 
to the age of fifteen years m the Fatherland, and 
there received very limited common-school advan- 
tages. Being a young man of enterprise, and feel- 
ing confident that he could better obtain a liveli- 
hood in the United States, he bravelj' bade farewell 
to the homes and friends of his childhood and set 
sail for the shores of the New World in 1862. 
For three months after his arrival in St. Louis, 
whither he at once proceeded, he lived at the home 
of an uncle. From there he went into the country 
and worked as .a farm hand until he was twenty- 
nine years of age. During all these years he care- 
fully laid aside as large a sum as possible from his 
earnings, and at the end of this time rented a piece 
of land, some one hundred and twenty acres, on 
which he engaged in farming. He operated this 
place for six j'ears, and so well did he succeed that 
he was then enabled to become the owner of his 
present farm. This arable tract of one hundred 
and sixtj' acres is mainly rich bottom land, and 
yields abundant harvests to the lucky owner. It 
is now nine years since he took up his residence 
upon this homestead, and as he could afford the out- 
lay he has gradually improved the farm and in- 
creased its original value. 

On the 6th of March, 1881, Mr. Schnarre and 
Miss Mary Kipp were united in marriage. The 
lady is a daughter of Fred and Anna (Sieakman) 
Kipp, respected citizens of St. Charles County. 
The union of Mr. and Mrs. Schnarre is graced with 
two sons and three daughters, who are named as 



follows: Fred, Gustav, Emma, and Ada and Clara, 


Our wortliy subject and his good wife are mem- 
bers of tlie Lutlieran denomination, and one of 
their chief ends and aims in life is to bring up 
tlieir children with a proper regard for tlieir neigh- 
bors and in a conscientious disciiargc of their du- 
ties as good citizens. Politically Mr. Schiiarre is 
identified witii the Republican party. 

— i- 



JOSIAII PRATT FIELD is one of tlie inlhi- 
ential and wealthy farmers of St. Charles 
County, his home being situated in town- 
sliip 48, range 5. Here he owns one of the 
most valuable pieces of land to be found in tlie 
state of Missouri, it being equally well adapted 
for general agriculture or exclusive grain or stock 
raising. A portion of Mr. Field's possessions be- 
came his by will, but tlie remainder lie has acquired 
through his own unaided efforts. 

The ancestors of our subject have been for a 
number of generations residents of the United 
States. On tlie maternal side his grandparents 
were born in the state of New York, where the 
grandfather's death occurred. His wife died in 
this county, wlien about seventy years of age. J. P. 
Field is a sou of Seth and Caroline (Pratt) Field, 
and is one of two children, the otiier, a sister, being 
deceased. He was born October 1.5, 1849, in this 
county, and was reared on his fatiier's farm. Tlie 
latter soon after his marci.age, which took place in 
Massachusetts some time between 18:30 and 1835, 
came to this region, and at the time of his death, 
in 1890, was one of the oldest settlers in this part 
of Missouri. He was by trade a broom-maker, at 
which occupation he was not enabled to make a 
fortune, and therefore he decided to "go West 
and grow up with the country." On arriving in 
this state, he found that he had twenty-five cents 
in his pocket, and this, too, when a letter's post- 
age cost that amount. For a few years he worked 
as a farm laborer and managed to save a small 

amount from his meager salary by strict frugality. 
He tlien rented a small place (now owned by Mr. 

Willier), and started an enterprise which he had 
for a long time iiad in mind, namely, tliat of rais- 
ing broom corn for his own use and for the market. 
In this manner lie resumed liis old trade, and in- 
dustriously followed it until about ten years be- 
fore his death. This sad event occurred at the 
home of liis daughter in Barton Count}', Mo., 
where he was visiting at the time. He was |)laced 
to rest in St. Charles Cemetery, and there by the 
side of her husband reposes the mother's remains. 
Her demise occurred in St. Charles, at the residence 
of II. J. Tohlen, who iiad been reared by herself 
and husband. 

The boyhood of .Tosiali Field passed unevent- 
fully on his father's farm, now in the possession of 
a Mr. Gut. He attended tlie district schools of 
Black Walnut Township, there acquiring his pri- 
mary education, and later was u student for a year 
in the university at St. Louis. Like a dutiful son, 
he gave his labor to his parents until their death, 
and during the last years took the entire charge of 
the homestead. His sister Lydia married C. A. 
Morrill, and lived for a number of _years in Bar- 
ton County. At her death she was buried in the 
cemetery of Lamar, that county. The brother and 
sister did everything in their power to make the 
last years of their old father and mother corafort- 
iible and happy, and thus discharged the duties of 
affection . 

October 15, 1879, Mr. Field married Mary Dwig- 
gins. She is one of eight children, four sons and 
two daughters of whom are yet living. Their par- 
ents were John and Ellen Dwiggins, the former of 
whom died about 1876, while the latter is still liv- 
ing, at the age of about sixty years. To Mr. and 
Mrs. Field were born live children, two of whom 
have been summoned from this world by the death 
angel. Those living are as follows: Charlie M., a 
thirteen-year-old lad now attending the school of 
Black Walnut Township; George Pratt, aged nine 
years; and Lydia Caroline. 

About live years ago Mr. Field fell heir to his 
very desirable farm of three hundred and ten 
acres, all of which is under cultivation, and has 
good improvements. This being more land than 



he can well attend to, he has found it the best i)lan 
to lease a portion of the farm, and therefore now 
retains only one hundred and fifty acres for him- 
self. On a number of occasions both he and his 
father sustained severe losses by floods, and in 1892 
the entire crop of Mr. Field was thus destroyed. 
Politically he is affiliated with the Republican 
party, in the success of which he is loyally inter- 
ested. A man of liberal mind on all important 
questions, he is an interesting conversationalist, 
and numbers many sincere friends. He and his 
family are identified with the Presbyterian denom- 
ination, and are contributors to and workers in 
the cause. 

< T ^ILLI AM J. MEERS, a promising j'oung 
\/\/ farmer of township 46, range 4, St. 
Charles County, is a native of this 
county, and was born June 29, 1868. He is a son 
of Hermann and Annie (Bekebrede) Meers, the 
former of whom was born in Hanover, Germany, 
June 16, 1839. The mother is of German descent, 
but was born in this county, the dale of that 
event being June 23, 1840. 

The father of our subject came to America with 
his parents in 1845. They located first in St. 
Louis, where the grandfather of William worked 
at the trade of a blacksmith for nine years. He 
then removed with his familj' to this county and 
settled in township 47, range 4, where he pur- 
chased three hundred and eighty acres of land, and 
resided until his death, which occurred in 1855. 
The grandfather's family consisted of seven chil- 
dren, namel}': Margaret, Henr^', Diedrich, Her- 
mann, George, Mary and Catherine. The mother 
of our subject was a daughter of Hermann and 
Adele (Springer) Bekebrede, both native of Han- 
over, Germany. The former departed this life in 
1855, at St. Charles, and the latter passed away at 
the same place, about twelve 3'ears later. 

The subject of this sketch was one of eight chil- 
dren in his parents' family, their names in order of 
birth being as follows: Lizzie, Emma, William J., 

Louis, Annie, Lena, John and Alma. All of the 
children were born in this county and received 
good educations in the public schools in the vicin- 
ity of their home. 

In 1891 Mr. Meers started out in life for him- 
self. Having been reared to agricultural pursuits, 
he naturally chose that occupation for his life's 
work. His first venture was to purchase sixty 
acres of land, for which he paid $60 per acre. He 
immediately set about preparing it for his future 
home, and being energetic and industrious, he 
soon made a comfortable place of it. April 21, 
1892, he was united in marriage with Miss Chris- 
tina Zumbehl, who was born December 9, 1868, a 
daughter of Hermann and Catherine Zumbehl. 
She is one of fourteen children, nine of whom are 
living, as follows: George, Emily, Henry, Chris- 
tina, John, Julius, Louisa, Hermann and Alfred. 

Mr. Meers and his bride made their home with 
his parents a short time after their marriage, but 
on the 14th of August, 1892, they took possession 
of their present home. They are the parents of 
two bright little boys: Alvin, born February 17, 
1893; and Martin May 23, 1894. Mr. and Mrs. 
Meers are both active members of the Lutheran 
Church at St. Charles, and are greatly interested 
in all church work. He is a stanch Republican in 
politics, and is an ardent supporter of the princi- 
ples of that party. 





\ m^ 



AMUEL R. JOHNSON, M. D., ex-Coroner 
of St. Charles County, is engaged in prac- 
tice in the city of the same name. For- 
merly he held a ver3' important position as Divi- 
sion Surgeon of the Wabash Railroad, his territory 
lying west of the Mississippi River, while his 
headquarters were at Kansas City and Moberly. 
While acting in this capacity his time was so oc- 
cupied with his varied duties that he had little or 
no leisure for outside practice. 

The birth of Dr. Johnson occurred on the old 



Daniel Boone homestead in Femme Osage Town- 
ship, St. Charles County, March 20, 1864. His fa- 
ther, C. M. Johnson, whose history appears else- 
where in this volume, is a member of an old Vir- 
ginia family, and a native of Culpeper County. 
About 1840 he removed with his family to this 
county and became a resident of St. Charles, where 
he is well known and highly esteemed. 

The childhood and earl}- school days of the Doc- 
tor were passed in St. Charles, whither his parents 
removed from Femme Osage Township when he 
was about one year old. At the age of sixteen he 
entered the Kemper Family School of Boonville, 
Mo., from which institution he graduated two 
years later. Tiie youth soon after became enrolled 
as a student in tlie medical department of Kansas 
City University. He attended for two terms, and 
served as assistant druggist in the hospital for a 
time. After his graduation he was appointed As- 
sistant Surgeon for the Missouri Pacific Railroad, 
and occupied that position for three j-ears, having 
his headquarters at Kansas City and Sedalia, Mo. 
Subsequently he was for six yea)s Surgeon for the 
Wabash Road, as we have previously mentioned. 
In 1890 he resigned iiis place with the Wabash 
Road, and now for nearl}' live years has been suc- 
cessfully conducting a general family practice in 
this city. Among the members of his profession 
he is considered a young man of promise and su- 
perior ability'. 

October 1, 1884, Dr. Johnson married Miss Effie 
Adams, who was born in Boonville, this state, 
September 28, 1865. She is a daughter of An- 
drew and Sarah (Flournoy) Adams, natives of 
Kentucky, from which state they removed to 
Boonville about thirty years since. Mrs. John- 
son, a cultured and refined lady, is well received 
in social circles, and is a valued member of the 
Episcopal Church. To the Doctor and his wife 
have been born two children, Sallie B. and Martha. 

In politics the Doctor is a Democrat. In 1892 
he was elected School Director, but as he had not 
resided in the city the length of time sufficient to 
legally qualify himself for the position, he could 
not accept it. In the fall of 1892 he was honored 
with election to tlie otflce of Coroner. Fraternally 
he is a Mason, and belongs to the Knights of He holds membership with Palestine 
Lodge No. 241, A. F. & A. M.; and Chapter No. 
Ill, R. A. M. He is presiding ollicer of Palestine 
Lodge, and holds a like position in Riverside 
Lodge No. 227. K. of P. 


/^^ HARLES B. CHAUVIN is one of tlie lead- 
^ y ing young politicians of St. Charles Coun- 
ty, and has frequently been honored with 
positions of trust and honor within the gift of his 
fellow-citizens. From 1881 until 1887 he was 
deputy in a number of county ollices. and in the 
latter year was elected to be Maislial and Collector 
for the city of St. Charles. When offices 
were made separate he was elected City Collector, 
a position he occupied until 1890. In that year 
he was chosen to fill the important place of Cir- 
cuit Clerk, and still officiates in that capacity, as 
he was re-elected November 6, 1894. 

The grandfather of our subject, LcFrenier J. 
Chauvin, was born in France in 179.5, and emi- 
grated to America with his parents, it is supposed, 
in 1803. They were among the early settlers of 
St. Louis County, opposite St. Charles. On attain- 
ing to mature years the grandfather turned his at- 
tention to agricultural pursuits, and in time owned 
a large body of land. He also ran a ferry-boat, 
which was operated by horse-power. Ilis son, 
Charles, our subject's father, was born in St. Louis 
County in 1837. Going to St. Louis, he engaged 
in business as a hatter, having his store at the 
corner of Fourth and Washington Avenues, and 
for some years he was in partnership with his 
brother-in-law, Findley Robb. In 1869 INL. Chau- 
vin closed out his business interests in St. Louis, 
and became a resident of St. Charles. He was 
given a position in one of the county offices, and 
continued a resident of this place until his death, 
which occurred .September 8, 187.5. His wife was 
formerly Miss Addie Bell, daughter of a Methodist 
minister, wiio resided in Kentucky for many years, 
but later became a resident of Natchez, Miss., 



where his death occuired. Mrs. Chauvin, also a 
native of KenUiclvy, was married in St. Louis, and 
died at lior fatiier's home in Natcliez in 1868. 

Charles B. Cliauvin, the subject of this sketch, 
was born in St. Louis, .Tuly 20, 1860, and in that 
eit}' spent the first nine years of his life. His 
education was obtained in the public schools of St. 
Louis and St. Charles, which he attended until 
about fifteen years of age. During the winter of 
1875 and 1876 he attended the college of St. 
Mary's Mission, in Pottawatomie County, Kan. 
Possessing a keen mind, and being studious b}' dis- 
position, he improved his advantages, and laid the 
foundation for his future career in the battle of 

January 6, 1888, Mr. Chauvin married Miss 
Mary, daughter of Joseph Huber. The lady was 
born in St. Cliarles in 1860, and was called to her 
final rest February 18, 1891. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Cliauvin were born two children: Julia, deceased; 
and Charles B., Jr. For generations the Chauvin 
famil}' have been Roman Catholics in religious 
faith, and our subject is no exception to the rule. 
Politically he is identified with the Republican 
party, and is a stanch supporter of its principles. 


JOHN SHORE. M. D., a leading physician of 
St. Charles, is one of her most prominent 
and respected citizens. He has served as 
President of the Board of Health in St. Louis, 
and while a resident there was a member of the City 
Council for several years. He is a native Virgin- 
ian, having been born in Petersburg, July 11, 
1819. For half a century the Doctor was engaged 
in practice in St. Louis, and has only lived in this 
citj' two years. 

Thomas Shore, the father of the Doctor, was 
also a native of Petersburg, and was Postmaster in 
that city for thirty consecutive years. His father. 
Dr. John Shore, a native of England, was a grad- 
ual« of Edinburgh University, and soon after 
leaving that insj-itution located in Virginia. Al- 

though he was admitted to regular practice, he was 
wealthy, and never followed his profession to any 
extent. He was a bosom friend of such Colonial 
celebrities as William Wirt and Governor Giles, of 
Virginia, and he was a relative of Florence Night- 
ingale, whose father, William Shore, took the name 
of Nightingale, his wife's patronymic, in order to 
secure the family fortune. The wife of Dr. John 
Shore, who was in her girlhood Miss Ann Bowling, 
was a member of a well known Virginia family 
and a near relative of the Harrisons, Randolphs 
and other distinguished Virginia people, and like 
them had the blood of Pocahontas flowing in her 

Thomas Shore, our subject's father, married Miss 
Mary H. Bowling, a distant cousin, and daughter 
of Alexander and Ann (Prior) Bowling, the former 
a prominent planter near Petersburg, in Dinwid- 
dle County, Va. In 1842 Thomas Shore disposed 
of his interests in Petersburg, and came west to St. 
Louis, where he made his home until his death, 
some six j-ears later. His wife survived him twelve 
or thirteen years, her death resulting from an ac- 

Dr. John Shore received bis elementary educa- 
tion in the private school of Jonathan Smith, of 
Petersburg, a celebrated teacher in those days, 
who was reputed to have the best school in Vir- 
ginia. At the age of eighteen years our subject 
entered Hampden Sidney College, of Prince Ed- 
ward County, Va., and the following 3'ear went to 
the University of Virginia at Charlottesville. The 
next year he read medicine under Drs. May and 
Robinson, of Petersburg, and then, after two years 
spent in the medical department of the University 
of Pennsylvania, he graduated, in March 1841, 
after which, going to Nottoway County, Va., he 
began practice with an uncle. Dr. Edward Shore. 
With his father and other members of the family 
he came to Missouri in 1842, and took up his 
abode in St. Louis, where his practice extended 
over half a century. Some two years ago he came 
to this city in order to live with his daughter, and 
here opened an office for general practice. 

Dr. Shore was married, May 3, 1841, to Miss 
Martha Payton Branch, a granddaughter of Gov- 
ernor Giles, of Virginia. She was born in Din- 



widdie County, Va., her parents being Edward O. 
and Eliza (Giles) Branch. Her deatli occurred in 
St. Louis in 1854. Of her seven children only 
one survives, namely, Pocahontas, wife of William 
L. Yosti, of St. Charles. December 3, 1857, Dr. 
Shore married Theodocia Powell, granddaughter 
of Governor Thorapkins, of Kentucky. She was 
born near Lexington in 1830, being a daughter of 
Chester B. and Mary Ann (Thomiikins) Powell, 
and died in St. Louis January 22, 1891. Of the 
five children born of this union, four survive: 
Kate M.; Theodocia L., wife of James H. Lack- 
land, who is on the staff of the St. Louis Globe- 
Democrat; Annie C, Mrs. Dr. T. L. Rives, of Flori- 
sant, St. Louis County; and Robert E. Lee, a resi- 
dent of St. Charles, and named for the famous 
Confederate leader, of whom he is a near relative. 
During the war Dr. Shore was arrested on sus- 
picion of being a rebel sympathizer, and was kept 
a prisoner for six and a-half months in (Jratiot 
Prison, during the administration of General Rose- 
crans. This outrage was instigated by a rival 
ph3sician, who reported that Dr. Shore had pre- 
sided over and addressed a meeting of Confederate 
sympathizers, a gathering which he did not even 
attend. In the duel fought by Governor Rey- 
nolds and Governor Brown on the sandbar near 
Selma, Dr. Shore was surgeon for the latter. Pol- 
itically he has been a life-long Democrat, his first 
vote having been cast for Martin Van Buren. 
Though his grandhitlier was a Presbyterian, and 
his father identified with the Episcopal Church, 
the Doctor and all his fainilj' are Catholics. 



JOHN KING, one of the native sons of St. 
Charles County, followed steamboating for 
over forty years, mainly on the LTpper Mis- 
sissippi. He worked his wa3' upward from 
the lowly position of cabin boy to the responsible 
place of pilot, and only retired about seven years 
ago on account of failing health. Tlie varied ex- 
periences which come to the traveler fell to him 
in no small degree, and from his early years life 

on shipboard possessed unusual attractions for 
tins gentleman. Since 1887 he lias made his home 
in township 48, range 6, this county, where he 
owns a good farm. 

Born February 7, 1827, Mr. King is a son of 
John and Cecile (Tesau) King, the former of whom 
was born in Ireland, which country he left on ar- 
riving at his majority. He settled in St. Charles 
soon after bis arrival in the United States, and 
there followed his trade, that of bricklaying. He 
had the distinction of building the first brick house 
ever erected in St. Charles, though he only re- 
mained in that city a short time. Removing to 
Portage Des Sioux, he lived in that vicinity' until 
his death. This was caused indirectly by an acci- 
dent when he was in middle life, being only forty- 
one years of age. To himself and wife, who was 
of French-Canadian parentage, were born four 
sons and five daughters. Only two of the family 
circle are now living. A sister of our subject, Mrs. 
Octavia Lafave, is a widow, whose home is in Port- 
age Des Sioux. 'I heir mother was formerly the 
wife of a Mr. Warren, l)y whom she had one child, 
now deceased, and after the death of her second 
husband, Mr. King, she became the wife of Frank 
Novoul, who died in 1874. 

The boyhood of John King was ()assed in the 
usual manner of farmer lads, and his education was 
extremely limited. This was owing largely to iiis 
own fault, however, as he was only thirteen years 
old when he ran away from home and secured a 
position as cabin boy on a steamer plying the Up- 
per Mississippi. He was greatly fascinated with tiie 
life, and had that fondness for the business which 
insures success in any calling. He secured promo- 
tion by his willingness and attention to his em- 
ployers' interests, and was made steward and finally 
pilot. For four decades his home was mainly' on 
the river, and he has a host of interesting anec- 
dotes which he relates, particularly of earlier days, 
when railroads were few in the West. Though 
the life which he led is frequently more closely' as- 
sociated with a latitude of action than the regular 
lines of business, and gambling and drinking pre- 
vail to a great extent among sailors and river men, 
Mr. King is deserving of great credit, in that he 
rigorously abstains from all such practices. He 



m:iy well be proud of the fact that he has never 
taken a drink of intoxicating liquor, never smoked 
a cigar nor used tobacco in any form, nor even 
docs he indulge in the luxury of tea and coffee. It 
will thus be seen tliat his life has been strictly 
temperate, and that he deserves the high esteem 
in which he is held by all who know hira. 

.January 31, 1853, Mr. King married Louise, 
daughter of Frank and Louise (Prugh) Novoul, 
who were French-Canadians. Mr. and Mrs. King 
have had born to them five daughters and four 
sons, and in the order of tlieir birth they are 
named as follows: James, Mary, Frank, John, 
Louise, Cecile, Irene, Mary and Theodore. James, 
Mar}-, Irene and Theodore are all deceased. 

Religiously Mr. King is a Catholic, and with his 
wife and family is a member of the Catholic con- 
gregation of Portage Des Sioux. In politics he 
uses his ballot in favor of Democratic nominees 
and the support of his party measures. 


T7> DWARD P. HEHNER is now occupying 

r Cy the responsible position of Clerk and ex- 
officio Recorder of St. Charles County, hav- 
ing his residence at St. Charles. He has made a 
good record for himself in these trustworthy posi- 
tions, and well merits the commendation he re- 
ceives from all concerned. A native son of Mis- 
souri, his birth occurred at Lake Creek, Pettis 
County, February 21, 1860. 

The father of Edward P., Philip J. Hehner, is a 
native of the province of Nassau, Germany, his 
birtii having occurred February 1, 1827. He set 
sail for America in 1847, and soon after reaching 
tiie United Slates located in St. Louis, where for a 
time he worked at his trade of a cabinet-maker. 
He was very industrious and studious, and made 
tlie best possible use of his opportunities. Later 
lie attended college, fitting himself for the minis- 
try, and about 1851 took charge of a Methodist 
Episcopal Church near St. Joseph, Mo. He con- 
tinued for thirty-five years engaged in active pas- 

toral duties, and until 1860 occupied pulpits in 
western Missouri. From that year until 1863 he 
was located at Warsaw, 111., and was then sent to 
Pekin, in the same state. From 1864 to 1867 he 
was in charge of the congregation of Iowa City, 
Iowa, the following year was located in Wapello, 
in the same state, and then until 1869 held a 
charge in Burlington. The next three years were 
spent in Davenport, and he subsequently preached 
for congregations in Des Moines, Iowa, Edwards- 
ville and Boody, 111., and Baldwin, Mo. Then for 
a short time he was in charge of the McNair Ave- 
nue Church in St. Louis, after which he was city 
missionary for three years, this last service closing 
his active ministerial career. 

On retiring from the ministry, Philip Hehner 
went to make his home upon a small farm he had 
purchased near Brighton, 111., where he has con- 
tinued to reside since 1886. In 1855 he was mar- 
ried to Miss Josephine Kassner, a native of Hesse- 
Darmstadt, Germany, born about 1834. With her 
mother she came to the United States about 1846, 
her father having previously died in his native 
land. Mrs. Kassner was afterward married, and 
made her home in Burlington, in which city our 
subject's father met and married his future com- 
panion and helpmate. To them were born five 
children: Matilda, who became the wife of Henry 
J. C. Dorman, of Buffalo, Iowa; Josephine, who 
died in infancy; Edward P.; Emma, Mrs. William 
Morehead, of Buffalo, Iowa; and Lydia, who lives 
with her brother, our subject. 

Edward P. Hehner was educated in the schools 
of the various towns in which his father was sta- 
tioned up to the fall of 1876, when he entered the 
Methodist College at Warrenton, Mo. He gradu- 
ated therefrom in 1879, after pursuing a commer- 
cial course, and then for a year took a scientific 
course of study. August 28, 1880, Mr. Hehner 
came to St. Charles Countj^, and for two terms 
taught the Dugdell School, six miles northeast of 
this city. Succeeding this he had charge of a 
school three miles north of St. Charles for one 
term, the Phelps School, eight miles northwest, for 
five terms, and for two terms was in charge of the 
Black Walnut School, ten miles north of this place. 
In the spring of 1889 he was elected County Com- 



missioner of Schools, .ind ablj' met the require- 
ments of the otlice for a period of two years. Dur- 
ing iiis incumbenc3' he made a directory of Pike 
County, being assisted tlierein by G. B. Walker. 
On the 1st of .January, 1890, he was officially em- 
ployed by the Directors of the St. Charles Savings 
Bank, in which institution he had been employed 
as a clerk for the preceding nine months. 

November 18, 1886, occurred the marriage of E. 
P. Hehner and Miss Maggie Wilke. The lady was 
born in St. Charles, October 29, 18G4, and is the 
daughter of John and Louise (Beunier) Wilke. 
The young couple move in the best social circles 
of the place, and have man}' warm friends. Mrs. 
Hehner is a member of St. Paul's Evangelical 
Church, and is a lady of good education and at- 
tainments. By her marriage she has become the 
mother of two children, Ilarr^' J. antl Omar Marten. 

Socially Mr. Hehner is a member of the St. 
Charles Hunting and Fishing Club. He is also a 
member of the Knights of P^tiiias, and is Prelate 
of that order, and has been Sergeant in the order 
of the Knights of the Maccabees. Hi politics he is 
identified with the Republican part}'. A musician 
of more than ordinary merit, he is President and 
manager of the St. Cliarles Cornet Band and Har- 
mony Orchestra. 




HENRY GLOCK is a self-made man. hav- 
ing arrived at his present prosperous con- 
dition entirely through his own industri- 
ous and business-like qualities. When he first set 
foot in St. Charles County he had not a cent in his 
pockets, but tliough he commenced at the bottom 
round of the ladder, he was never discouraged, and 
steadily pressed forward to the goal in view. He 
was the first settler north of Dardenne Creek, in 
this township. Since that time he has continued 
to reside on his farm, which is located in township 
46, range 3. 

The birth of our subject occurred in Prussia, 
Germany, November 24, 1837. His parents, Nich- 
olas and Caroline (Lutz) Glock, natives of the 

same locality, passed their entire lives near their 
birthplace. The father was a plasterer by trade, 
and worked steadily at his calling from the time 
he was twenty years of age. In his parents' fam- 
ily Henry is the eldest. .John and Henry, the 
next younger, arc still living in (Germany; John, 
the second of the name, came to the United Stales 
a year after his brother's emigration, and now lives 
in Arizona. Peter crossed the Atlantic with his 
brother John, and is a stonemason in St. Charles. 
For his wife he married a Miss Frcese. The others 
of the family are: Michael, Conrad, Ava, Eliza, and 
one who was born after our subject came to Amer- 
ica, all residing in the Fatherland. 

When a youth of nineteen years Ilenr}' Glock, 
whose name heads this sketch, started forth to try 
his fortunes in America. At that time he had a 
friend by the name of John Yeager living near 
Cottleville, and he determined to find him. He 
made the voyage by way of New Orleans, and from 
there uj) the Mississippi River by boat to St. Louis. 
Arriving in that city, he found himself absolutely 
without means, and he was obliged to walk to Cot- 
tleville. He found his friend, who owned a farm 
near that place, and who employed the 3'oung man 
for eight months. At the end of that time he be- 
gan working for a Mr. Kaiser, with whom he re- 
mained a year. 

In 1858 Henry Glock leased the farnrand built 
the house where he now lives. At that time the 
farm, which comprised sixty acres, was heavily 
timbered, and he set to work energetically to clear 
this off. In 1860 he became the owner of a farm 
by purcliase, and later bought a tr.act of sixtj'-five 
acres north of Dardenne Creek, and this he also 
still owns. lie well deserves the success and pros- 
perity which he now enjo3's, for he has been the 
architect of his own fortunes, and has alw.ays been 
a most industrious worker. 

Though not a member of the regular United 
States army during the war, Mr. Glock belonged 
to the Home (xuards. Some of his^brotliers were 
soldiers in the German army during the War of 
1871. Our subject has never held any county or 
local offices, but has always voted the straight Re- 
publican ticket. 

In 1858 occurred the marriage of Henry Glock 



and jrary Yeager, who, like lier parents, John and 
Catherine Yeager, was born in Germany. Seven 
children graced the union of Mr. and Mrs. Glock, 
namely: .lohn, who is unmarried and lives at home; 
Henry, who married Lizzie Honna, and is engaged 
in farming near liis parents' home; George, un- 
married, and now employed by his next younger 
brother as a blacksmith in St. Louis; Peter, who 
married Lizzie Crane, and runs a blacksmith shop 
in St. Louis; Lizzie, who is at home; Catherine, 
who died at the age of fourteen years; and Mary, 
who died when two years of age. Although not 
members of any denomination, Mr. and Mrs. Glock 
are regular attendants at the Lutheran Evangelical 
Church of Cottleville. 




\/ \/ nent agriculturist and extensive fruit- 
grower, is pleasantly located in town- 
ship 46, range 4, St. Charles County. He owns 
one liundred acres of fine farm and orchard land, 
all under a high state of cultivation. Mr. Gillette 
is a native-born son of Missouri, his birth having 
occurred in the county of St. Charles, near his 
present home, on the 2d of .January, 1830. Leon- 
ard F. Gillette, his fatlier, was a native of the Nut- 
meg Stale, having been born near Hartford, Conn. 
Tlie mother, who was a native of Missouri, was 
born in St. Charles Countj^ within three miles of 
our subject's present home. Benoni Gillette, the 
father of Leonard F., had thirteen children, none 
of whom are living at the present time. 

The father of the subject of this sketch was one 
of the pioneers of this county. He came here when 
only nineteen yeais of age, the country being then 
in a wild, unliroken state. The Indians were num- 
erous in the forests, .and made it unsafe for the 
people to venture abroad without their trusty shot- 
guns at their side. He settled on the same farm 
that our subject now occupies, there being but two 
liouses Ijetween his farm and St. Charles at that 
lime. He did not then work on the farm to any 

great extent, however, as game was very plentiful 
in the forests and fish abounded in the rivers, and 
the greater part of his time was occupied in the 
pleasant and profitable amusements of fishing and 

Thirteen children were born unto the union of 
Leonard and Elizabeth (Hoffman) Gillette, namely: 
Mary Ann, Sarah Ann, Catherine, Benoni R., Will- 
iam P., Nancy J., George H., Permelia Jennet, 
Elizabeth, Leonard F., Mary Ann Mandela. Mar- 
garet E. and James A., all of whom are deceased 
excepting Sarah Ann, William P., Nancy J. and 
James A. 

After the death of his parents Mr. Gillette pur- 
chased his present farm of one hundred acres, which 
has been his home ever since. He has always car- 
ried on general agriculture, and in connection with 
his other interests is extensivelj^ engaged in fruit- 
growing. He has one of the finest farms in this 
section, well stocked with cattle, hogs, sheep and 
poultry, and is considered an authority on all sub- 
jects pertaining to the farm or to fruit culture. 

Mr. Gillette has been married three times. The 
first marriage was with Miss Elizabeth, a daughter 
of George W. and Alpha Mathews, the date of their 
wedding being March 5, 18.5L To this union three 
children were born. William F'., a farmer of this 
county, married Rebecca Coe, and to them were 
born two children: Lizzie, who died at the age of 
four years; and William E. D. C, now living with 
his grandfather and grandmother, his mother hav- 
ing died at his birth. Julia, the only daughter of 
the first marriage, died at the age of fourteen, and 
Charlie died in infanc}'. Mrs. Elizabeth Gillette 
was called to the land beyond in 18.56. 

June 12, 1862, occurred the second marriage of 
our subject, this union being with Miss Saphronia 
Hoffman. One child resulted from this marriage, 
John F., who still makes his home with his father. 
The second wife departed this life September 30, 
1866, and Mr. Gillette again entered the married 
state, this time choosing Miss Rebecca Hoffman, a 
cousin. To them has been born one son, George 
A., who is still under the parental roof, and assists 
his father in the farm management. Mr. and Mrs. 
Gillette adopted a child. Maggie E. Dixon, whom 
they reared from childhood, and who is now the 



wife of Louis Grashom, a f.aniiGr of St. Cbaries 
County. Tliieu cliildien orpiuuied by the death 
of Mrs. Gillette's brotlier's wife also make their 
home witli our subject. 

Mr. Gillette has made all the improvements on 
his farm by his own labor. He has one of the 
finest orchards in this part of the state, and takes 
a deep interest in the cultivation of all kinds of 
fruit. Me and his excellent wife are active mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Cottle- 
villo. A stanch Democrat in his views, he takes 
great interest in political questions, but has never 
aspired to public ottice. 

HON. W. W. EDWAUDS. During the pe- 
riod of his residence in St. Charles Coun- 
ty, covering nearly sixty years, Judjje 
Edwards has gained a position of eminence among 
his fellow-citizens, and a reputation as one of the 
most able men m Missouri. ]>y birth he is a Vir- 
ginian. Henry County is tlie place of his nativ- 
ity, and June 3, 18.30, his natal day. He is the 
eldest son and seventh child of Henry and Sarah 
Ann (Waller) PMvvards, whose ancestors were 
among the early settlers of this continent, having 
located in Virginia long before the Revolution. 

In 1836 the family came to Missouri and settlec? 
on a farm in St. Charles County, where the father 
engaged in farming pursuits until his death, in 
1844. His wife passed away in 1884. The sub- 
ject of this sketch was reared upon a farm, and in 
his boyhood was the recipient of such educational 
advantages as the district schools of this county 
afforded. In his studies he was diligent, and by 
the time he was eighteen he had obtained a suffi- 
cient education to enable him to teach. Going to 
Lincoln County, he taught school about eighteen 
months, and at the expiration of that time he en- 
tered St. Charles College, where he prosecuted his 
studies two terms. 

Having resolved to enter the legal i)rofession, 
Mr. Edwards began its study in the office of Robert 

H. Parks, of St. Charles, and one year later, liav- 
ing meanwhile gained a tliorough rudimentary 
knowledge of the profession, lie entered the law 
de))artment of Virginia University, where he took 
a full course of lectures. Returning to Missouri 
in 18.53, he was admitted to the Uar, and at once 
began the practice of his profession in St. Charles. 
By natural gifts and education he was admirably 
qualified for the successful discharge of the duties 
incident to his chosen occupation. Such were liis 
qualifications, that it was not long before he 
gained a high professional standing at the Bar and 
wide influence in the community. 

The public career of our subject began with his 
election to the office of Public Administrator for 
the county of St. Charles. In 1858 he was chosen 
Prosecuting Attorney for the Nineteenth Judicial 
Circuit, which position, however, he resigned in 
1862, in order to accept the appointment of United 
States District Attorney for the eastern district of 
Missouri. At that time the country was plunged 
into the midst of a distressing civil strife. Feel- 
ing ran high, and force, not ability, too often [ire- 
vailed. On account of political opinions, and for 
political purposes, he was removed from this posi- 
tion in 1863. though it was universally conceded 
that his administration had been wise, honorable 
and judicious. 

Immediately after his retirement from that ofHce, 
our subject was elected Judge of the Nineteenth 
Judicial Circuit, and it was in this responsible po- 
sition that he gained his greatest fame. As a 
judge be was impartial, wise and learned, and so 
satisfactory was liis service, that at the following 
election he was again chosen for the full term of 
six years. In 1874 he was re-elected for a third 
term, without opposition. He discharged his du- 
ties in a manner highh' satisfactory to the people, 
and especially was he successful in winning the 
friendship and regard of the members of the Bar, 
toward wiiom he always displayed the utmost con- 
sideration. His first Presidential ballot was cast 
for Millard Fillmore. In 1860 he advocated the 
election of John Bell to the Presidency. After 
the defeat of that party, be became identified with 
and supported the cause of the Republican party, 
strenuouslj' opposing every innovation upon its 



principles, and voting for the Union uncondition- 
!ill\-. In 1864 be was a supporter of Abraham 
Lincoln, and four j'ears later voted for Grant, 
whom he also supported in 1872. 

The first marriage of Judge Edwards took place 
in Pike County, Mo., in 1856, his wife being Miss 
Louisa P., daughter of Judge Ezra Hunt, an old 
settler and influential citizen of that county. Mrs. 
Louisa P. Edwards departed this life in 1872. She 
was the mother of five children, two of whom 
are now living: Maggie and Claude H. Two 
years later the Judge was united with Miss Bettie 
S. Nelson, daughter of John W. Nelson, of St. 
Charles. B.y this union he has two children, W. 
W. and Julius C. 

The foregoing brief summary of the life of 
Judge Edwards shows that he occupies justly a 
position among the leading men of Missouri. Not 
only is he a most able lawyer, wise judge and , 
skillful statesman, but personally and in private 
life is one of the best and most genial of men. 
He is alw-ays pleasant, always noble, always con- 
siderate of others, and no appeal in time of dis- 
tress has ever been made to him in vain. His 
hand instantly responds to the generous and sym- 
pathetic promptings of his heart. As a true, hon- 
orable, upright and progressive gentleman, his 
wiiole life has been an example to all the world. 
He is recognized as a type of the high-minded, 
thoroughly equipped and devoted advocate, coun- 
selor and judge, an illustrious ornament to the 
Bar and Bench of this district. In 1892 Judge 
p]dwards was a candidate for Judge of the Su- 
preme Court, but the party was unsuccessful. 




•7~X UGUST PAULE, who is the leading florist 
/ \ of St. Charles, occupying a large estab- 
lishment on Second and Tompkins Streets, 
has for nine years been a Councilman from his 
ward, and is quite active in local Republican pol- 
itics. In the campaign of the fall of 1894 he 
was President of the First Ward Republican Club 
of St. Charles, and has used his influence to the 

great benefit of his party. His greenhouses are 
very extensive, and have been built under the 
most improved modern plans. 

Mr. Paule was born in this city in September, 
1850, but his father, John Paule, was a native of 
Germany, his birth having occurred in Bavaria, in 
the year 1818. He came to America in 1825, and 
in his youth he learned the tailor's trade. For a 
number of years he traveled and worked in vari- 
ous cities as a journeyman, but'about 1843 became 
a permanent resident of St. Charles. For a few 
years after that he worked at his trade, and then 
opened a general store. This was the largest es- 
tablishment of the kind_in this city, and he con- 
ducted tlie same until 1860, when he sold out his 
interest in the business, and, in company with Dr. 
Talley, now of Wentzville, purchased the woolen 
mills. Later the firm became Paule, Walton <fe 
Co., and the factory was more than trebled in ca- 
pacity. During the late war these mills furnished 
about one hundred thousand yards of blue suiting 
worn by the Union soldiers. Disposing of the 
mills, Mr. Paule again became interested in mer- 
chandising, but a few years later disposed of the 
business. The proceeds resulting therefrom he in- 
vested in a vineyard and fruit farm, about a mile 
from the city limits of St. Charles, and there he 
continued to live up to the time of his death, 
which occurred in 1874. Altogether he was in 
business in this city for a quarter of a century, 
and bore a high reputation as a man of honor and 
good principles. He served twice as a member of 
the City Council, and in politics was a Jackson- 
Jefferson Democrat. The wife of John Paule, a 
native of Alsace, bore tlie maiden name of Caro- 
line Mangold. She came to America with her par- 
ents, and was married in Pittsburg in 1838. Of 
her ten children, nine of whom survive, our sub- 
ject is the fifth in order of birth. 

Until he was ten years of age August Paule at- 
tended the parochial schools of this city. His par- 
ents then sent him to St. Louis University, where 
he remained for a yeav, after whichhe pursued his 
studies for a year at a college in Milwaukee. On 
his return home, he was employed in the woolen 
mills, and in the office of the same. Next he ob- 
tained a position as clerk in his brother's store, 




and followed that occupation until 1880, when he 
turned his attention to his present business. His 
greenhouses are quite extensive, requiring about 
three thousand square feet of glass as covering, 
and in addition to these he has a large garden for 
the raising of more hardy plants. In 1891, and 
again in 1892, he was unfortunate in having nearl}' 
all of his glass destrojed by hail. In spite of the 
obstacles which he has encountered, he has been 
very successful, and has. steadil^^ maintained his 
position among the leading business men of tiiis 
city. He is building up a good reputation as a 
florist, and finds his time fully occupied in attend- 
ing to the wants of his customers and the super- 
intendence of his plants. He makes his home at 
the corner of Second and Tompkins Streets, with 
his aged mother and a sister. Fraternally he is a 
member .and Vice-Chancellor of Riverside Lodge 
No. 227, K. of P., of St. Charles. 

AMUEL ALLEN. One of the fine farms 
of St. Charles County lies in township 48, 
range 6, and is the property of Mrs. Allen. 
Through the energetic efforts of her late husband, 
it placed under good cultivation, and im- 
proved with substantial farm buildings. Since his 
demise she has maintamcd a general supervision 
of the place, keeping it in good condition, and re- 
ceiving from its cultivation a good income. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Lagall, 
County Armagh, Ireland, November 12, 1822, and 
was a son of Jacob and Jane (Todd) Allen. He 
was one of a large famil}', of whom the three sur- 
vivors, Jane, John and William, remain in Ireland. 
In 1846 Mr. Allen came to this country, and spent 
the two ensuing j^ears in New York. From there 
he went to Ohio, where he remained some time. 
Next he proceeded to Missouri, and worked at 
coopering in St. Charles until 1854, when he rented 
a tract of land and engaged in farming for two or 
three years. Then, conjointly with his brother 
Jacob, he bought three hundred acres, which they 

farmed in partnership for about ten years. A fa- 
vorable opportunity being presented, Ihey sold the 
place, and Mr. Allen bought another farm, which, 
however, he disposed of a year later. He then 
bought the farm of one hundred and seven acres 
on which he resided until his death, Febriiai-y 18, 

During the gold excitement in California, Mr. 
Allen made an overland trip to the Pacific Coast, 
but returned to the East content to spend his re- 
maining years amid more civilizing influences. In 
his political belief he attiliated with the Democratic 
party, and was ever loyal to the platform of that 
organization. During the Civil War he enlisted 
in the Union army, and rendered efficient service 
as Lieutenant in the Missouri State Militia. All 
measures having for their object the promotion of 
the welfare of the people received his hearty sup- 
port and active co-operation. He was a progress- 
ive and public-spirited citizen, and his death was 
deeply mourned. 

The tirst marriage of Mr. Allen united him with 
Miss Mary Gardner, their union taking place in 
August, 1844. Mrs. Mary Allen died in 1866, after 
having become the mother of seven children. Only 
two of the number are now living, namely: Sam- 
uel, who is married, has five children, and resides 
in Saline County, Mo.; and Anna, wife of Hiram 
Sowers, of Waverly, Mo., and the mother of one 
child, a son. The second wife of our subject, with 
whom he was united August 20, 186C, was a sister 
of his first wife, and bore the maiden name of Jane 

The ancestors of Mrs. Allen were for many gen- 
erations identified with the history of Ireland. 
Her paternal grandparents, George and IJctlie (Al- 
len) Gardner, residents of that country, died there 
at the respective ages of ninety and sixty years. 
Grandfather Gardner, who was of royal descent, 
was an Englishman by birth, and removed to Coun- 
ty Armagh, Ireland, in company with King Will- 
iam, the Conqueror. The maternal grandparents 
of Mrs. Allen were William and Ann Taylor, both 
of whom were of Scotch birth, and died in Ireland 
when advanced in years. Grandfather Taylor was 
a cloth merchant by occupation. 

Mrs. Allen was born in Ireland in 1836, and was 



one of ten children comprising the family of Ab- 
salom and Ann (Taylor) Gardner, she being the 
only survivor of the number. Her father came to 
the United States in 1852, and for four years re- 
sided in New York City, where he was engaged in 
the ministry of the Methodist Church. In 1856 
he came to St. Charles, Mo., where he remained S, 
short time. Removing thence to St. Louis, he 
preached the Gospel in that city until the death of 
his wife in 1863. He then moved to Cairo, 111., 
where he died shortly afterward, at the age of 
seventj'-three j-ears. 

The education obtained b}- Mrs. Allen was such 
as the common schools afforded. At the age of 
fifteen she was afflicted with scarlet fever, which 
left her partially deaf. August 20, 1866, she be- 
came the wife of our subject, and unto them were 
born two children, namely: Ida Maj', deceased; and 
Mar^' Frances, who lives on the old homestead with 
her mother. In religious belief Mrs. Allen and her 
daughter are members of the Presbyterian Church 
and iutercsted in its good works. They are ladies 
of nol)le character, pleasing manners and hospi- 
table disposition, and have many warm friends 
among the people of the county. 

proprietors of the St. Charles Steam Laun- 
dry, is numbered among the keen, intelli- 
gent and ca|)able 3'oun2 business men of St. 
Charles. He is also a musician of considerable 
note, and since coming to this city has been the 
leader of the band, which ranks among the best ii) 
the county. The family of which he is a member 
has been established in America for many success- 
ive generations, and its representatives have been 
honorable citizens of their respective localities. 

Valentine Hummel, our subject's great-grandfa- 
ther, was born October 2, 1764. His son Adam, 
who attained to the age of sevent^-'One years, was 
the fatlier of four sons and one daughter, as 
follows: Felix, who was born December 18, 1830; 

Louisa, December 30, 1832; Valentine, in Novem- 
ber, 1833; Adam N., February 1, 1836; and Abra- 
ham, March 16, 1840. The father of our subject, 
Adam N., was born in Lancaster County, Pa., and 
there followed the carpenter's trade until his re- 
moval to Indiana, where he is still living, a resi- 
dent of Cambridge City. For thirteen years his 
home was in Germantown, Ind., where he settled 
in 1846. During the Civil War he enlisted in the 
service of the Union, in August, 1862, and con- 
tinued in the array for a period of two 3'ears and 
ten months. 

The mother of our subject was Sarah, daugliter 
of George and Anna Reigel, natives of Ohio. She 
was born in Greenville, Darke Countj% that state, 
and by her marriage became the mother of five 
children. John Rile}^ tlie eldest of the family, 
was born November 14, 1860, and is engaged in 
farming near Logansport, Ind.; Emma L., whose 
birtii occurred March 25, 1863, is the widow of 
Alexander E. Mcintosh, formerly a machinist liv- 
ing in Detroit, INIich.; Harry U., the third in or- 
der of birtli, was born in Germantown, Ind., July 
7, 1866; Jennie E. was born December 1, 1868; 
and William Edward August 26, 1873. 

In the schools of Cambridge City the subject of 
this sketch obtained a practical education that 
fitted him for a successful business career. At the 
age of fifteen he began to make his own living, at 
which time he secured eraplo3'ment as an appren- 
tice in the car shops at Cambridge City, Ind. After 
mastering the machinist's trade, he followed it in 
various cities, first in Detroit, Mich., later in In- 
dianapolis, Ind., Urbana, Ohio, and Richmond, Ind., 
coming from the last-named place to St. Charles. 
He arrived in this city December 26, 1886, and 
worked in the machine department of the car 
shops until March, 1893, when better inducements 
were offered him at De .Soto, this state. Going 
thither, he remained until November of the same 
year, when we again find him a resident of St. 

In Januarj', 1894, Mr. Rummel became interested 
in the laundry business, in which he is rapidl3' 
building up a fine patron.age. The laundrj' turns 
out the very finest grade of work, experts being 
employed in each department. Mr. Rummel is 



prosecuting his chosen occupation with energy and 
business tact, and will undoubtedl}' make a success 
of the undertaking. In his political relations he 
has always voted for Republican candidates. He 
is one of the prominent members of the Knights 
of Pythias, belonging to Riverside Lodge No. 227, 
of this city. For the past twelve years he has been 
connected with the bands of the various cities in 
which he has lived. On coming to St. Charles he 
immediately identified himself with the band here, 
the members of which, recognizing his ability as 
an instructor, selected him as their leader. 





JOHN ,]AY J(JUNS, one of the honored old 
settlers of St. Charles, has long been looked 
upon as one of the pioneers of this place. 
He comes from an old and respected Virginia 
family, and for just half a century has made his 
home in this county. Until his retirement from 
active life he was engaged in agricultural pursuits. 
Glover Johns, our subject's father, was born in 
Buckingham County, Va., on Christmas Da}', 1769. 
On arriving at man's estate he became interested 
in the cultivation of tobacco in his native state, 
and in 1831 removed to Nashville, Tcnn. Three 
years later he emigrated to Hinds County, Miss., 
and engaged in cotton planting near the city of 
Jackson. The same year of his settlement in Miss- 
issippi he was called to his final rest, being then in 
his sixt3--sixth year. He was married in 1805 to 
Martha Jones, who bore him four children, three 
sons and one daughter, of whom our subject was 
the youngest son and only survivor. Mrs. Johns' 
birth occurred in Buckingham County, Va., in 
1780, and she was called from this life in 1828. 

The birth of John Jay Johns took place June 
27,1819, in Buckingham County, Va. In 1831 
he removed with his father to Nashville, Tenn., 
and in the fall of 1833 went with him to Missis- 
sippi. After his father's dcatli he went to make 
his home with his sister, Mrs. William Cowan, in 
Memphis, Tenn., and there he resided until 1836, 

when he entered Miami University at Oxford, 
Ohio. From that well known institution he was 
graduated in 1810, and the same \'ear found him 
again in Mississippi, where he turned his attention 
to the raising of cotton. In this, his first business 
venture, he established a reputation for honor- 
able dealing and uprightness of purpose that he 
lias alwaj'S maintained, no matter at what sacri- 
fice. In 1811 Mr. Johns came to this county, and 
thenceforward during his active life was engaged 
in farming. Now, after j'ears of industry and 
persevering efforts, he is enjoying the fruits of his 
former toil and a well earned rest. 

In 1840 occurred the marriage of Mr. .loluisand 
Catherine A. Woodruff, a native of Ohio, her par- 
ents being natives of New Jersey. She became 
the mother of two children: Louisa, who married 
William Morgan, and lives in Indian Territor}-; 
and Mary, who married T. Pearce, and lives in 
Troy, Mo. Mrs. Catherine Johns died in 1846, 
and the following year our subject wedded Jane 
A., daughter of Rev. Thomas R. Durfee, a native 
of Fall River, Mass. This pioneer minister came 
to Missouri in 1827, and in this state spent the 
remainder of his life. His wife, formerly Anne 
Glenday, was born in Scotland in 1809, and died 
on the old Missouri homestead. To J. J. and 
Jane Johns were born eleven children, as follows: 
Martha; Charlotte Elizabeth, who married C. H. 
Gauss, and is living in this slate; and Frederick 
D., Arthur Clifford, T. Glover, George Sibley, Annie 
D., Maggie, Blanche, John J. and Shirley Winston. 
The sons have been given business and profes- 
sional educations, and the daughters were edu- 
cated at the celebrated Lindenwood College of 
this city. Frederick D. is a physician now living 
in St. Louis. Arthur is a lumber merchant in San 
Antonio, Tex. George S. and Shirley Winston are 
engaged on newspapers in St. Louis. Glover, a 
lawyer, died at the age of twenty-six; and Annie 
D., Maggie, Blanche and John J. all died young. 

Since 1842 Mr. Johns has been an Elder in the 
Presliyterian Church, in which both he and his 
Wife have been active members and pillars for 
many decades. Mr. Johns possesses a large fund 
of information, which he has derived from exten- 
sive reading and observation. As a conversation- 



alist he is most interesting, and relates in a graphic 
way many incidents of pioneer life. In politics 
he is identified with the Democratic party, which 
he supports b}^ his inlluence and ballot. 

In tracing the ancestry of Mr. Johns, we find 
that his paternal grandparents were John and 
Ehzabeth (Glover) Johns. The former was born 
in 1746, in Virginia, in which state the wife's 
birth also occurred, some three years later. They 
were married in 1765. Mrs. Johns died at the age 
of thirty-nine 3'ears, while her husband's death 
occurred when he was about sevent\'-five years of 
age. Thej' were both of English origin. Joel 
Jones, the maternal grandfather of our subject, 
was a native of Buckingham Countj^ Va., and of 
Welsh descent. 

/^ ACHARY TAYLOR WOODS has been for 
jT^ over a quarter of a centurj' engaged in 
farming in St. Charles County, and now 
owns a desirable place of three hundred acres in 
township 47, range 1. He was a soldier in the 
Confederate armj^ during the late Civil War, and 
bore the rank of Orderly-Sergeant. 

Mr. Woods was .born July 27, 1846, two and a- 
half miles north of Foristell, St. Charles County. 
His paternal grandfather, John Woods, a native 
of Virginia, was of Scotch-Irish descent, and re- 
moved to Kentucky at an early day. He was a 
farmer and stock-raiser and the owner of a large 
landed estate. He accumulated an extensive fort- 
une and was a slave-holder. Our subject's father, 
Sidney Smitii Woods, was born at Harrodsburg, 
Ky., May 19, 1811, and emigrated to St. Charles 
County about 1830. His first occupation was 
farming in Dardenne Township, where he pur- 
chased land. He married Miss Martha Simpson, 
April 5, 1832. She was a native of Kentucky, and 
by iier marriage became the mother of the follow- 
ing children: John Thomas, Elizabeth, Erasmus, 
Mary Jane and Harriet B., all of whom are de- 
ceased, with the exception of the youngest, who 
married 1). 1). Lucy, and now lives upon the old 

homestead where she was born. Mrs. Woods died 
September 26, 1844. Some two or three years pre- 
vious to her death the famil}' had removed from 
Dardenne Township to a farm north of Foristell, 
which the father purchased, and there he lived 
for some eight years. He afterward became a res- 
ident of Warren Countjr for a period covering 
seven or eight j^ears. His last years were passed 
upon a farm about three miles east of Foristell, 
where his death occurred March 1, 1870. 

On the 15th of November, 1845, was celebrated 
the marriage of Sidnej^ Smith Woods with Har- 
riet B. Hughes, who was a native of North Caro- 
lina, and daughter of Anderson Hughes, a mer- 
chant of St. Charles County. Of this marriage 
seven children were born, namely: Zachary Tay- 
lor; Sarah B., deceased; Nancy S., wife of C. P. 
May, now residing in Arkansas; Susan D., wife of 
H. H. Walker, of Wentzville; James F., deceased; 
Andrew J., also a resident of Wentzville, as is like- 
wise Eliza B., Mrs. George Dyer. The father of 
these children, in addition to being a farmer, was 
also a lawyer of no mean ability. He was a regu- 
larlv admitted member of the Bar of this county, 
having studied under the direction of Judge Car- 
ter Wells, and was prominent and successful in the 
legal ))rofession. 

Our subject, Zachaiy Taylor Woods, was edu- 
cated in the common schools, and was only eight- 
een years of age when he joined the Confederate 
army, entering as a Second Sergeant. He was pro- 
moted to be Orderlj'-Sergeant, and was in the serv- 
ice for twelve months. For two 3'ears after his 
discharge from the army he made his home in 
Pettis County, and then, returning to this county, 
located upon a farm adjoining the one which he 
now owns. As an agriculturist he has met with 
gratifying success, and though not despising the 
old and established methods, is yet ready to accept 
new and practical ideas on farming. From 1872 
until 1875 he was interested in the tobacco busi- 
ness, canning a large stock and selling to the trade. 

In 1867 Mr. Woods married Miss Emma, daugh- 
ter of William Chiles, of Mt. Sterling, Ky. To 
them were born three children: Emma Sue, who 
married William Rudolph, of St. Louis; Olivia, a 
successful school teacher, now residing at home; 



aud Emma, deceased. Tlie mother died April 28, 
1872. In 1875 Mr. Woods married Mary, daugli- 
ter of James Matthew, a farmer of tins uoiinty. 
Seven children grace their union, who in order of 
birth are named as follows: William F., George 
K., Joseph M., Flora E., Mary M., Lizzie M. and 
Zachary T. 

Mr. Woods is a supporter of tlie Democratic 
partj-, aud socially is a member of the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen. His wife is a member 
of the Baptist Church, and is a lady wlio possesses 
those amiable qualities wiiich endear her to everj' 

' — c)m^ — • 

T7> RNST HENRY DIERKER, deceased, was 

r C> one of the most prominent and highly re- 
spected citizens of Wentzville, 8t. Charles 
County, with whose best interests he was long con- 
nected. For years he was a leader in the commer- 
cial circles of the place, winning a deserved repu- 
tation for honor and integrity in all transactions. 
Starting in life eniptj- lianded, he steadfastl}' pui- 
sued his course toward success, and prosperity re- 
sulted from his efforts. 

Born in Germany, January 8, 1832, our subject 
was a son of Victor D. Dierker, also a native of 
the Fatherland, and who emigrated to the United 
States when his son Ernst was a child. He made 
a settlement at New Melle, this county, where he 
resided for several years. The remainder of his 
life was (juietly passed at his home in Wentzville, 
where his death occurred in the jear 1863. His 
wife bore the maiden name of Clara E. Koenig, 
and she was also born in Germany. 

E. II. Dierker lived under the parental roof un- 
til he had reached early manhood, when he went 
to St. Louis, there remaining for some time. This 
being about the time of the gold excitement in 
California, he set out for the Pacific Slope, and, 
arriving there, spent tlie next seven years of bis 
life in that region. On returning from the West, 
he went into the mercantile business at Wentzville, 
in company with his brotlier, John V. For a num- 

ber of years they conducted a successful business 
at the place now occupied by J. II. Koenig. In 
1862 our subject bought out his brother's interest, 
and until the fall of 1868 carried on the trade 
alone. At the time last mentioned he took into 
partnership with him his brother-in-law, Henry 
Michel, who had been previously employed in the 
capacity of clerk. The firm thus organized con- 
tinued business until September, 1872, when they 
sold out to Koenig Bros., Mr. Michel going to .St. 
Louis, and our subject retiring altogether from 
active commercial life. In 1879 he bought ninety 
acres of flue land adjoining the village, and turned 
his attention to the construction of a beautiful 
home, which is still occupied by his widow. 

September 1, 1864, Mr. Dierker married IMiss 
Eliza M., daughter of John Michel, who was then 
living in Femme Osage Township, this count}'. 
Of the children born to this couple, four are still 
living, namely: Laura E., John II., Ilarjy J. and 
Alma M. Mrs. Dierker was born on her father's 
old homestead, November 20, 1844, and continued 
to reside there until her marriage. She was called 
upon to mourn the loss of her beloved husband 
October 20, 1883, at which time death entered the 
family circle and called him to the better land. 
By his worthy life and upright course he had en- 
deared himself to all who had the pleasure of his 


RUSSELL BELL LEWIS, M. D., a gradu- 
ate of the Missouri Medical College, suc- 
cessfully conducts a large and lucrative 
practice at Flint Hill, St. Charles County. He is 
also the owner of a valuable farm in Cuivre Town- 
ship, upon which he has his family residence, and 
to the management of which he devotes a portion 
of his time and attention. He has made an envi- 
able reputation as a general practitioner, and his 
services are resorted to from far and near. 

Dr. Lewis was born in Frankfort, Franklin Coun- 
ty, Ky., March 31, 1823. His father, Russell Lewis, 
was a leading merchant of Frankfort and Slier- 



ilT of Fi-auklin County at one time. Ilis early 
years, however, were passed in Boston, Mass. His 
death occurred in September, 1823, when our sub- 
ject was only an infant. His wife, whose maiden 
name was Maria Bell, was born and reared in 
Frankfort, and after the death of her first hus- 
band she became the wife of William C. Lindsay, 
who removed with his family to Missouri in 1829, 
settling near St. Paul, Culvre Township, this coun- 
ty. Mrs. Lindsay died in this county, April 12, 
1883, at the advanced age of eighty-three years. 

Dr. Lewis, who is the only child of his mother's 
first marriage, was reared in this county, where he 
received good common-school advantages. After 
attaining his majority', he taught scliool for eight- 
een months, and then went to Kentucky, where, 
under the instruction of Dr. Theopholis Steele, of 
Versailles, Woodford County, he took up the study 
of medicine. After completing his preparatory 
work, the j'oung man took a course of lectures at 
the Transylvania Medical College, of Lexington, 
Kj-., where he concluded the required course. Then, 
returning to Missouri, he finished his medical edu- 
cation at the Missouri Medical College, under the 
presidencj- of Dr. McDowell. In 1849 Dr. Lewis 
was graduated from the institution, and soon after- 
ward located at Flint Hill, where he has since been 
activel}' engaged in the work of his ciiosen pro- 
fession. He has been ver_y successful as a general 
famil}- physician, and has succeeded in making a 
good living for his family and in laj'ing aside an 
increasing sum with which to meet his expenses 
when lie desires to retire from active cares. 

Dr. Lewis has been twice married. His first 
wife was Miss Mildred Myers, their union being 
celebrated April 4, 1849. She was a daughter of 
George Myers, of this county, and by her marriage 
became the mother of four children, two of whom, 
Theopholis and George, died in infancy. Mary 
M. is the wife of Rev. Henry Kay, of St. Joseph, 
Mo.; and Mildred Belle married W. Price Hagee, a 
druggist of St. Louis. Mrs. Lewis departed this 
life April 21, 1870. The present wife of the Doc- 
tor was formerly Miss Anna Chinn, of Frankfort, 
Ky. Slie is a daughter of Judge Franklin Chinn, 
well known and respected in that city, and was 
married at the home of her father, January 11, 

1876. Mrs. Lewis received a superior education, 
and was graduated from the Shelby ville High 

To the Doctor and his present wife were born 
four children, three of whom are living and still 
reside at home. The children in the order of their 
birth are as follows: Madge, Jennye C. and Lizzie. 
Russell B., the third child, is deceased. The Doctor's 
daughter, Mrs. Hagee, died August 5, 1889, leav- 
ing two children, Mildred and George M., who 
have since lived with the Doctor. Mrs. Lewis is 
a member of the Presbyterian Church of Flint 
Hill, and the family is highly received in the best 
society of the place. In his political affiliations 
the Doctor is a supporter of the Democratic party. 


ILAS B. TURNER, a prominent agricultur- 
ist of Lincoln County, and part owner of 
three farms in townships 50 and 51, was 
born in Nelson County, Va., March 9, 1835. His 
parents, Lorenzo and Mary C. (Hamlet) Turner, 
were also natives of the same county, and there 
the father engaged in the occupation of a farmer 
until after his marriage. He then became overseer 
of a canal, and also embarked in the mercantile 
business at Precinct, Va. After several j^ears he 
sold out and bought a team and wagon and started 
for Missouri. He stopped for a short time in St. 
Louis, but having a number of friends residing in 
Pike County, he decided to make that his destina- 
tion. After his arrival in Pike County he rented 
two hundred acres of land near Prairieville, known 
as the Meyers Farm, where he lived for two or 
three years. He then purchased one hundred and 
sixty acres near the above farm. He lived there 
for two years, and then sold out and rented a farm 
near Antioch Church, in Pike County, where he 
lived for two j^ears. After this he purchased 
one hundred and sixty acres near his first farm, 
and lived there four years, selling out again and 
removing to Prairieville, where he embarked iu 
the grocery business, also running a boarding- 



lioiise at the same time. He continued in tliis bus- 
iness for tliree years, but was not very successful, 
and at tlie expiration of this time sold out again 
and removed to this county, renting: a hundred 
and sixty acre farm near Auburn. He lived on 
different farms in this vicinity' for several years, 
and then removed to "Long Armed Prairie," near 
Louisville, in this count}', where our subject bought 
one hundred and twent}' acres of land. The fa- 
ther settled down here and remained during the 
rest of his days, departing this life November 27, 

Plight children were born to the parents of our 
subject: Martha Jane, who married Josiah Smith, a 
farmer of this township; Seaton Madison, deceased; 
Silas B., our subject; Missouri E., who has been 
married twice, first to James Chandler, and after 
his death to William Buffett, and who resides near 
Louisville, this state; Paul Andrew, deceased, who 
married Bettie Reed, now living near Auburn; 
Andonia, deceased; Anna Pvliza, who died at the 
age of three years; and Arabella, who married 
Spott Page and resides on a farm in this county. 
The children all received fair educations in the 
public schools of their home locality. 

January 6, 1867, Mr. Turner was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Adela A., a daughter of James and 
Sarah .Lane (Turner) Graves. They were natives 
of Virginia, and came to Pike County, where the}- 
spent the remainder of their lives. The}' were the 
parents of six children, only two of whom are liv- 
ing, the wife of our subject, and George G., resid- 
ing in Elsberry. 

Before his marriage Mr. Turner had purchased 
the old La Boon Farm, one hundred and sixty 
acres of land near Louisville, where he lived two 
years and then removed to his present farm. At 
that time it belonged to his father-in-law, James 
Graves. They remained two years and then re- 
turned to his own farm near Louisville. From 
1867 to 1876 he made several moves between these 
two farms, and at last rented the Dick Wells Farm, 
and then the Miller Farm, near his present home, 
after which he bought one hundred acres in this 
township, where he remained thirteen years and 
where some of his children now reside. In 1894 
he purchased his present farm of two hundred and 

twenty-four acres from the Graves estate. He also 
owns fifty-two acres near Bryant Creek, in this 
township, making in all about three liundred and 
seventy-five acres, most of which is under cultiva- 

I\L-. and Mrs. Turner bcame tiie parents of ten 
children, as follows: Terisha Berton, born May 
30, 1868; Jakie, deceased, who was born Decem- 
ber 19, 1869; Cora, born November 24, 1871; Min- 
nie Christiana, December 6, 1873; James Ciraves, 
December 12, 1875; Edward S., February 19, 1878; 
AVilliam 11., deceased, who was born July 29, 1880; 
Vangie Estella, born iMarch G, 1883; Jessie G., de- 
ceased, who was born April .0, 1886; and George 
Lee, who was born November 15, 1889, and died 
January 3, 1895. 

Politically Mr. Turner is a Democrat and has 
always voted that ticket. He and his excellent 
wife are both members of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian Church and have been since 1858. During 
the year 1893 Mr. Turner served his township as 
School Director, but has never aspired to public 

worthy and prominent citizens of St. 
Charles County is this gentleman, 
whose birth occurred within her limits, and who taken part in the development and progress 
which have been made during the last half-century. 
He is the owner of a well improved and highly 
cultivated farm in township 47, range 2. 

William C. Lindsay was born September 2, 
1842, and is one of the five children of William 
C. and Maria (Bell) Lindsay, worthy old pioneers 
of this state. Clement B., the only brother of our 
subject and his elder, is a teacher by profession. 
His home is in Elsberry, Lincoln County, and at 
present he is in charge of a school in St. Charles 
Township. He is married and has a family of three 
children. William C. Lindsay, Sr., was born in .Scott 
County, Ky., March 8, 1793. In 1829 he came to 
this county, and for about two years thereafter 
rented land. During this time he investigated and 
finally selected the farm now owned by his name- 



sake. At the time of his death he left an estate of 
some fourteen hundred acres. His first "wife was a 
Miss Mary Hamilton, who died two years after 
their marriage. Their two children both died in 
infancy. The mother of our subject had been pre- 
viously married to R. B. Lewis, to whom she bore 
a son, Dr. R. B. Lewis, a prominent physician of 
Flint Hill, Mo. Loved and respected by all who 
knew them, Mr. and Mrs. Lindsay's loss was deei)ly 
felt when death gathered them to their final rest. 
The father died September 9, 1861, and his widow 
survived him until April 12, 1883, at which time 
she had reached her eightj'-third year. 

William C. Lindsay pursued hiselementarj' stud- 
ies in the common schools; later he attended for a 
short time the State University, and then took a 
commercial course at .Jones' Business College in 
St. Louis. He was only eighteen years old when 
his father died, and the duty of managing the 
large estate devolved upon the son. For a time 
bis elder brother assumed the responsibility and 
managed the farm, but later he took a position 
with the Ligget & Meyers Tobacco Company, giv- 
ing the superintendence of the homestead to our 
subject. He is a thorough and practical agricult- 
urist, and is to-day one of the leading farmers of 
this township. He owns four hundred and forty 
acres of land, surrounding his pleasant and hos- 
pitable home. 

November 16, 1870, Mr. Lindsay married Ma- 
linda II., daughter of James L. and Susan (Har- 
vej') Dawson, worthj^ old pioneers of Lincoln 
Count}'. Mrs. Lindsay is one of six children, all 
but one of whom are still living. Her sister Liz- 
zie is tlie wife of F. T. Meriwether, the present 
Postmaster at Louisiana, Mo. They are the par- 
ents of one child. Frank L., who is married and 
has two children, is an enterprising farmer of Lin- 
coln County. Couchie became the wife of R. T. 
AVigington, by whom she has two children. The 
husband is a wealthy farmer near E^lsberr}^, Lin- 
coln County, and is a bank director. Ida L. mar- 
ried F. W. Lahr, traveling salesman for the St. 
Louis firm of Skedder, Gale &. Co. The young 
couple have two cliildren. 

Four children liave come to bless the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Linds.ay, and the family circle is still 

unbroken by death. Maria D., the eldest, was ed- 
ucated at the Baptist College at Louisiana, Mo., 
graduating therefrom in 1888. She is now the wife 
of L. P. Waters, who owns a valuable farm near 
Elsberry, Lincoln County. William Vardoman, 
the only son of our subject, finished his education 
at the Louisiana (Mo.) public high school. He is 
a young man of unusual intelligence and promise, 
and is at the present time in charge of the Hayden 
School, near his parents' home. Lucy D. received 
her higher education at Hardin College in Mexico, 
Mo., and is especially proficient in a musical direc- 
tion. Susan D., who is only fourteen j^ears of age, 
is now attending school in Elsberiy, and has shown 
unusual aptitude as a student. 

Mr. and Mrs. Lindsay are active workers in the 
Baptist Churcli, to which they belong, and in so- 
cial circles as well they are highly esteemed. Po- 
liticall}' Mr. Lindsaj- is affiliated with the Demo- 
cratic party. 

ROBERT KUENZEL, one of the leading 
grain and stock raisers in this portion of 
Warren County, is the owner of a finely 
cultivated homestead, located on section 12, town- 
ship 44, range 1, containing one hundred and 
sixty acres. His birth occurred on this same home- 
stead Februaiy 8, 1852, and in a family of five' 
children he is the youngest living and the fourth 
in order of birth. 

The parents of our subject were Adolph and 
Annie (Geilingherst) Kuenzel. They were both 
born in Germany, but became inhabitants of the 
United States when the}' were quite young, and were 
married in Warren Countj^. The father was a very 
successful farmer, and gradually added to his pos- 
sessions until at the time of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1869, he owned three hundred and fifty- 
five acres of rich river bottom land. Since that 
time a large share of this property has been swept 
away by the Missouri River. Mrs. Annie Kuenzel 
died in 1880, at the age of fifty-seven years. 

The early education of Robert Kuenzel was ob- 
tained in the country schools and those of Mar- 















thasville and Washington. By practical training 
and familiarity witli farm duties he became well 
equipped to carry on this occui)ation, which he 
has made his life work. About a year after arriv- 
ing at his majority he began farming on his own 
responsibility, and his efforts have been crowned 
with success. In his homestead he owns one hun- 
dred and twenty-five acres, and another tract 
of land of about thirty-five acres, on which stand 
good buildings and a modern and commodious resi- 
dence. By those who have known him from his 
boj'hood he is most highl3' respected for his honor- 
able and upright qualities. 

In 1885 Mr. Kueuzel married Miss Mary Dier- 
man, who is a native of this county. She is the 
daughter of Herman and Julia (Vanhultz) Dier- 
man, natives of German^'. To our subject and 
his amiable wife have been born four children, 
Adolph, Julia, Herman and Rosa Agnes Adaline, 
all bright and promising little ones. Religiously 
the family are members of the Roman Catholic 
Church. In politics our subject is identified with 
the Democratic party, but has never been an office- 
seeker, as he prefers to give his time to his busi- 
ness interests. 

^ ^!^h ^ 

(^ '<s^^^" 


HENRY PETERSMEIER, an honored vet- 
eran of the late war, and an early settler 
of Charrette Township, is a well-to-do and 
prominent farmer of Warren Count}-. He was 
born in Luedenhausen, Anthouhuzen, in Lippe- 
Detmold, Germany, December 31, 1839, and his 
parents, Fritz and Sophia Petersmeier, both died 
while he was very young. 

The brothers and sisters of our subject left Ger- 
many and came to make their permanent residence 
in America, all of them settling in this county. 
Henrietta, the eldest, married Henry Lutteraann, 
of this township; Caroline, the first member of the 
family who came to the United .States, married 

Henry Busso, who formerly lived in this county, 
but is now a resident of Osage County; Fritz, the 
next younger, married Mina Pape, and died in 
February, 1889; Mina, lieceased, married Herman 
Unverzagt, also deceased, and formerly a resident 
of this township; Henry, our subject, is the next 
in order of birth; and Flora, who died several 
years ago, was tlie wife of Anton Vietli, of this 

In 18,55, when sixteen j'ears old, Henry Peters- 
meier left the friends of his youth to seek a home 
in the New World. His education was obtained 
in the Fatherland, with the excciition of what he 
has picked up since coming to America. When 
the war broke out he was employed as a farm la- 
borer, but hastened to ths defense of his adopted 
land. In August, 1861, he l)ecame a member of 
Company H, Twelfth Missouri Infantry, and witii 
his regiment participated in a number of impor- 
tant battles, among which were those of Pea Ridge 
and Vicksburg. He received an honorable dis- 
charge and was mustered out in September, 18CI. 
Returning to this county, he engaged in farming, 
and in 1866 became the owner of the place which he 
has since cultivated. His first purchase was a tract 
of eighty acres, and to this he has since ad<led until 
he now owns three hundred and forty acres. ,Ian- 
uary 19, 1866, he chose for his helpmate in life 
Miss Sophia Schaffer, only daughter of Henry and 
Caroline Schaffer, of whom our subject bought his 
homestead. Mrs. Petersmeier was born in Ger- 
many and was about eight years of age when she 
crossed the ocean with her parents. Her father 
died in 1866, in his fort3'-nintli year, but his 
widow is still living, and is now seventy-eight 
years old. 

To our subject and his worthy wife have been 
born eight children who still survive, namely: 
Caroline, wife of Frank Me3'er, a farmer of this 
township; Henry, who is unmarried; Augusta, wife 
of Louis Sundcrmier, a farmer of Osage County; 
Herman, who is unmarried, and wlio lost his eye- 
sight when two years old as the result of sickness; 
and Souhia, Fritz, Louisa and Matilda, who still 
reside under the parental roof. 

For several terms Mr. Petersmeier has been 
Township Clerk, and for a number of years he 



made an etticient Road Oveiseer. In the Presi- 
dential election of 1868 he cast his first vote for 
General Grant, and has always affiliated with the 
Republican party. 

HERMANN THOELE. Through his ener- 
getic prosecution of his agricultural en- 
terprises Mr. Thoele has become well 
Ivnown throughout St. Charles County as a suc- 
cessful farmer. His farm on township 46 ranlts 
with the best in the county, and consists of one 
hundred acres, upon which have been placed sub- 
stantial improvements, including a commodious 
house and a number of outbuildings for the stor- 
age of machiner3' and the slielter of stock. The 
outward career of Hermann Thoele can scarcel}^ 
be called an eventful one. Averse to all display, 
he has sought neither distinction nor power, but 
in his rural home, surrounded b}' those he loves, 
he lives iu comfort and serene content. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch is 
one of Missouri's native-born sons, his birth hav- 
ing occurred June 5, 1852, on his father's farm, 
about one-fourth of a mile from where he now re- 
sides. His parents, Diedrich and Margaret (Meers) 
Thoele, were natives of Hanover, Germanj^. The 
father came to this countr}' in company with his 
parents when eighteen years of age. Thej^ settled 
in St. Louis, where thej' made their home for a 
time, but afterward came to St. Charles County, 
where some j-ears later our subject's father pur- 
chased forty acres of land, on which he and his 
wife resided until their death. It is now occupied 
bj- their son George. 

Diedrich Thoele married Mrs. Margaret Klune, 
nee Meers, and thirteen children were born to their 
union: Katie, Henry, Hermann, Diedrich, Mar- 
garet, Sophia, Lena, George, Frederick, Annie, An- 
nie (the second to bear the name), John and Au- 
gust, the last three dying in infancy, and Katie 
died at the age of twentj'-three. The others are 
all living. The father was a good farmer and 

substantial citizen, and lived to nn advanced age, 
passing away in 1891. His wife preceded him to 
the land beyoad iiineteen years, having died in 
1872. Both are buried in the Lutheran Church- 
yard at St. Charles. 

Hermann Thoele was born and reared on his 
father's farm, and received his education in the 
public schools of the township. He assisted his 
father in the various duties of farm life, becoming 
thoroughly posted in all the details of that voca- 
tion. October 8, 1880, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Wilhelmine, daughter of Diedrich and 
Mary (Feltman) Mochlenkamp, who were natives of 
Germany. Mr. and Mrs. Thoele have two chil- 
dren: Richard, born February 2, 1891; and Annie, 
March 30, 1894. 

After his marriage our subject remained on the 
old homestead for three years, and then bought 
his present farm of one hundred acres. It is a 
fine farm, well cultivated and improved, and Mr. 
Thoele is considered one of the best farmers in the 
township. Independent in politics, he always votes 
for the best man, and is ever ready to cast his vote 
and influence where he thinks they will do the 
most good, giving a hearty support to all matters 
of public welfare. Mr. and Mrs. Thoele are both 
consistent members of the Lutheran Church at Har- 
vester, this count}^ 


BUCKLEY LIVSEY, Postmaster of Warren- 
ton, is one of the old and honored settlers 
of Warren County, within the limits of 
which he has dwelt forty-five years or more. He 
was appointed to his present position August 23, 
1893, and at once took charge of the same. The 
birth of our subject took place in Manchester, 
England, November 8, 1826, he being the young- 
est of fourteen children whose parents were Buck- 
lej' and Judith (Carpenter) Livsej'. The father 
was a salesman in a wholesale establishment, and as 
he found it difficult to provide for his large fam- 
ily, each member was obliged to early begin mak- 



ing his own livelihood. Our subject left school at 
the early age of fourteen years, at the tlcatli of his 
father, and for some years was employed by tlie 
^Buie firm as was iiis father, in llie mean time at- 
tending night school. 

In 1847 Mr. Livsey«MU'ried,and soon afterward, 
with his wife, set s^iil for the United .States, the 
journey consuming nine weeks and three daj-s. 
Landing in New Orleans, they went to Price's 
Branch, where INIr. Livsey obtained employment 
at farm work and helped to' build the first mill 
put up in that locality. There he remained until 
1849, when became to Warrenton and took charge 
of a mill. He conducted the same for five or six 
years, and then went to near Cottlevillc in order 
to fulfill a contract for sawing planks to be used in 
the road from that point to St. Charles. He sawed 
tlie lumber needed for nine out of ten miles, after 
which, in partnership with Mr. Croft, he bought 
the mill and moved it to Cottlevillc, where he was 
located some two or three years. Then selling 
out, he returned to this place and took charge of 
a mill, which he ran until the war broke out. 

In 1862 Mr. Llvsej' was given a place in the 
railroad office at Warrenton, and while there he 
learned the operator's business. He was connected 
with the office until 1872, with the exception of 
short intervals. In the latter year he was nom- 
inated for Sheriff on the Democratic ticket, and 
though the county was Republican he was never- 
theless elected. When his term had expired he 
was elected Clerk of the Circuit Court and ft)> 
offlcio Recorder. In this responsible position he 
served for three terms, or twelve years. His pop- 
ularit}' is well shown by the fact that he was 
elected notwithstanding he has been a life-long 
Democrat, and his party has always been in a mi- 
nority in this region since the war. During the 
time he was in office he bought thirty-five and a- 
lialf acres of land within the city limits of AVar- 
ren, and this he subsequently engaged in farming 
for some years. Buying a lumber-yard at Jones- 
burg, he owned the place for two years and then 
solil out, resuming agricultural pursuits. 

About 1874 the faithful wife of Mr. Livsey was 
called to her final rest at Truesdail. Three of their 
six children are still living, two daughters having 

their home in New Orleans, while the son resides 
in Warrenton. In November, 1875, Mr. Livse3' 
married Mrs. Louisa Chamberlain, of this city, 
by whom he has had two children. They have all 
received a good common-school education, and 
with the exception of one son are members of tlie 
Methodist Episcopal Cliurcli South, as are also the 
paren ts. 

Fraternally Mr. J.,ivsey is a member of the local 
Blue Lodge, A. V. & A. M., and has taken seven 
degrees besides filling various chairs in his lodge. 
During the war, while connected with the rail- 
road oHice, be received §300 and his rations each 
year from the Government for his services for 

• ^'y^^^ ^ 

THEODORE ROESNER, one of the enter- 
[Mising farmers of Femme Osago Town- 
ship, is the proprietor of a well kept farm 
on section 7. He was born in Prussia, Germany, 
but has no recollection of the Fatiierland, as he has 
lived in this state since four years of age. For 
manj' years his lot has been cast in St. Charles 
Count}', in the development and progress of wliieh 
he has always taken an active interest. 

Bartholomew Roesner, father of our subject, was 
a native of Baden, German}-, and was a man of 
superior ability and education. While a resident 
of his native land, he was for a number of years 
engaged in school teaching. In 1834, with his 
wife (whose maiden name was Louisa Lutzer) and 
farnih', he set sail for the United States, wiiere he 
arrived in 1834, and immediately thereafter he 
came to Missouri, settling in Warren County, wliere 
the remainder of his life was passed. 

The birth of our subject occurred in the year 
1830, he being the second child in his parents' 
family, which numbered seven children. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the local schools of Warren 
and St. Charles Counties, but the advantages af- 
forded the youtii of his da}' in this section of the 
country were of a most inferior order. His early 
life was passed in Dutzow, Mo., but when he had 



reached his seventeenth 3'ear he went to St. Louis. 
In that city he passed two years, and on attaining 
his majority returned to Warren County, where he 
rented land and for the next five years engaged 
in the cultivation of that farm. At the end of 
that time he purchased the farm upon which he 
still resides and has continuously dwelt. Within 
its boundaries there are one hundred and sixty- 
five acres of arable and improved land, one hun- 
dred and twenty-five acres of which are under 
good cultivation. The owner engages in general 
farming, and by his industr_y and thrift has placed 
himself far beyond want. He is entirely self-made, 
as no property was left to him, nor has he been as- 
sisted by others in any way. 

In 1857 Mr. Roesner married Wilhelmina Diek- 
haus, who was born in Warren County. After a 
happj' married life of seventeen years the lady was 
called to her final rest. In 1874 our subject was 
married a second time, his choice being Miss Caro- 
line Kemper, who was born in Oldenburg, Ger- 
raanj-. Of their union six children were born, 
one of whom has passed to the better land. Those 
surviving are, Herman, John, Mary, Martha and 
Theodore, Jr., who are all at home with their 

In company with his wife and family, Mr. Roes- 
ner is a member of the Roman Catholic Church. 
Daring the Civil War he served for about two 
mouths in the state militia, but was never called 
into action. He uses his ballot in support of the 
men and measures advocated by the Democratic 
party, but has never found time among his multi- 
farious duties to engage in office-seeking. 

IMON STOCK is one of the worthy sons 
and representatives of the German king- 
dom, and for about forty j'ears has lived 
in Jlissouri. The farm on which he has made his 
home since 1864 is in township 45, range 1, St. 
Charles County. He has always been a man of 
more tlian ordinary business abilit3- and sagacity. 
During the war he purchased horses and mules for 

the Government, and made considerable mone}' bj' 
this enterprise. During the years 1864-65 he was 
engaged in merchandising at Femme Osage. In 
the truest sense he is a self-made man, as when he 
landed in St. Louis in 1856 he had but fifty cents 
to his name. From a very humble beginning he 
has risen step by step until lie now stands on an 
equal footing with the best and most progressive 
agriculturists of this county. 

Born in 1835, Simon Stock is the eldest child of 
Simon and Louisa (Heitmier) Stock, who were 
both born and reared in Germany, where they also 
departed this life. Tliey were a most devoted 
couple, and were not long separated by death, as 
the demise of both occurred in June, 1864. They 
were the parents of nine children, three sons and 
six daughters, of whom four are still living. 

According to the custom of his native land, 
Simon Stock attended the public schools until he 
was fourteen years of age. On completing his 
studies he was apprenticed to a carpenter, and 
worked for two j^ears at the trade. When he had 
served the necessary time he continued to follow 
his calling until he was twenty-six years of age. 
In 1856 lie emigrated to the United States and for 
four years worked as a carpenter in Augusta, Mo., 
and vicinity. At the end of that time he went to 
St. Louis, but was only there for about six months, 
when he returned to work in the country sur- 
rounding Augusta. In 1862 he engaged in stock- 
buying and selling, which business he has followed 
more or less ever since. He owns at this writing 
three hundred and twent3'-two acres of improved 
land, all of which is located in this county, and 
in addition to this be has considerable mone3' in- 
vested in town lots at Augusta. 

December 1, 1863, Simon Stock married Fred- 
ericka Himah, who was born in Femme Osage, in 
this county. Her parents were natives of Ger- 
many. Of the nine children born to our subject 
and wife, all but one are still living, a daughter, 
Emma, having died November 11, 1887. Those 
surviving are named as follows: Fredericka, Louisa, 
Simon, Gustav, Elmer, Martha, Otto and Annie. 
The children have all been given good educations 
and are all still under the parental roof. With the 
other members of his familj^, Mr. Stock belongs to 



the Evangelical Churcb. On questions of national 
politics he was formerly a Republican, but in 1886 
he cast in his lot with the Deniociacy, and has 
ever since that time supported its men and meas- 
ures. He has never had any desire to hold office, 
and has steadily refrained from accepting such 

for over a quarter of a century on his pres- 
ent farm, located on section 27, township 
50, range 2. During this time he has cleared it of 
the heavy timber with which it was formerly cov- 
ered, and keeps upwards of seventy-five acres un- 
der cultivation. On the place may be found a 
substantial and pleasant two-story house, good 
barns and other outbuildings, a large orcliard, 
garden and neatly kept fences. 

The father of Thomas S. Suddarth bore the 
same name. He was born in Albemarle Count3', 
Va., August 1, 1790, and on reaching his majority 
married Dianna, daughter of Christopher C. and 
Susannah (Southcrland) Meyers, natives of Penn- 
sylvania and Virginia, respectively. Mrs. Dianna 
Suddarth was born January 13, 179.5, and departed 
this life October 21, 1825. She had three daugh- 
ters and two sons, viz.: Wilhelmina, who married 
John Gilham; Carrie Ann, who married George 
Adams, and died, leaving four children; Christo- 
pher, who died in 1873, leaving one son, now in 
business at Elsberry; Susan, who married Thomas 
Merritt, and died in Pike County; and Thomas S., 
.Jr. The father of these children was for eigiit- 
een years overseer on a plantation in his native 
county, and after his removal to Pike County in 
1829 was for about three years employed in the 
same capacity. In 1832 he entered eighty acres 
in the northwestern part of Lincoln County, and 
there he lived until claimed by death. May 30, 
1836. He was a son of .Tames and a grandson 
of James Suddarth, Sr., descendants of a French 
Huguenot family which was driven by persecution 
from their native land to settle in South Carolina. 

James, Sr., married Patience, sister of General 
Sumpter, the famous Revolutionary War officer, 
and lived for years in Albemarle County, Va., as 
did also his son, who was named for him. The 
latter married a i\Iiss Jane Randall. 

Like his father, our subject is a native of Albe- 
marle County, Va. He was born November 11, 
1823, and was less than two 3'ears old when his 
mother died. Her mother took charge of the child, 
and came to Missouri when the family emigrated 
here in 1829, and she continued to dwell with 
our subject until her death, December 17, 1858. 
The schools of his early da3'S were conducted on a 
primitive plan, and he received onl^' a meager edu- 
cation. His father died when he was thirteen, and 
as far as possible he stepped into the former's place 
and took upon himself the management of the farm 
which his father entered. This place Mr. Suddarth 
still owns, but December 31, 1867, he removed to 
his present home. 

March 31, 1858, occurred the marriage of our 
subject and Sarah, daughter of Coleman and Mary 
(Oglesby) Estes, natives of Albemarle County, Va. 
Mrs. Estes was a daughter of Jacob and Jfarj' 
(Martin) Oglesby, and was a cousin of the ex-Gov- 
ernor of Illinois. Mrs. Sarah Suddarth was born 
in Albemarle Countj', April 25, 1819, and came to 
this state in 1836 with her parents. Herfatheren- 
tered land near Louisville, this county, and lived 
thereon until Februarj', 1844, when he was called 
to his final rest. His wife died in September, 1841. 
They had four children: INIildred, Jacob, Ellen and 
Sarah. The eldest daughter became the wife of 
John Huckstet; Jacob died in 1891, on the farm 
where his father first located; and Ellen married 
Daniel Allen, now deceased, and resides in St. Louis. 

Two children came to bless the union of Thomas 
Suddarth and wife, but one died in infancy un- 
named. The other, Thomas Coleman, was born 
March 21, 1862, and for the past four ^-ears has 
taken upon his shoulders the responsibility of the 
old homestead. He first married Georgia, daugh- 
ter of James and Virginia (Morris) Rush, who was 
born in this county', April 15, 1862, an<l died in 
November, 1890, leaving a little son, Thomas 
Sumpter, who was born January 1, 1884, and is 
now attending school. The present wife of Thomas 



Coleman SuddarlU is Susan, daughter of William 
and Marj' Elizabetli (Racker) Moratt3% natives of 
Ohio. The lad}' was born May 25, 1868, and has a 
little daughter, Sarah Elizabeth, born January 16, 
1893. Thomas C. is a member of Foley Lodge of 
Odd Fellows, and in politics is a Democrat. 

April 13, 1849, Thomas Sumpter Suddarth, 
in company with about forty-five neighbors from 
the vicinity of Prairieville, started across the plains 
to seek gold in California. Their wagons and 
provisions were bought in St. Louis and shipped 
by boat to St. Joseph, but the oxen were driven 
across the country. Arriving at St. Joseph, the 
party found that cholera had preceded them, and 
one of their number died of the disease. There 
were few towns between St. Joseph and Sacramento, 
and during the trip of two thousand miles Ft. 
Kearnej' and Ft. Laramie were about the only 
places of human habitation seen by the adventurers. 
Indians held possession of the AVest, and great 
herds of buffaloes, numbering perhaps as many as 
ten thousand, were sometimes seen. Thej' were 
fortunate in not being attacked by the redmen, but 
our subject was sick for about a month with the 
mountain fever, after which he was afflicted with 
the scurvy for some time. For three daj's they 
were on a desert, and atone time forty-eight hours 
elapsed before they came to sufHcient water for 
the stock, and only three of twelve oxen were 
saved. After many hardships the company reached 
the mines, and after nearly a year spent in that 
locality with varying success Mr. Suddarth re- 
turned with sufficient of the yellow mineral to re- 
pay him for all his losses on the way. On the voy- 
age to the Isthmus, bj' which route he returned, he 
was in one of the most fearful tempests which ever 
raged along the coast. From the mouth of the 
Chagres River, he proceeded to New Orleans and 
from there to St. Louis and home. 

The father of our subject was a Captain in the 
War of 181 2, and though not an active participant 
in the War of the Rebellion, our subject gave con- 
siderable aid to those who fought for the princi- 
ples he upheld. Me was several times arrested and 
sliotat, but escaped unhurt. He has been a life-long 
Democrat, and was born near the old home, in 
Monticello, of Thomas Jefferson, whose principal 

ideas he has since respected. For over twenty 
years he has been a School Director, and religiously 
is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church 








HAMPSON S. CLAY, M. D., is one of the 
native sons of St. Charles County, his birth 
having occurred near Augusta, where he 
now resides, on the 4th of May, 1848. At the age 
of twenty years he began to study for the medi- 
cal profession, and graduated from the Missouri 
Medical College at the head of the class of 1871- 
72. He has been successfully engaged in the prac- 
tice of his profession for upward of twenty years. 
Since the 3'ear 1881 he has made this city and 
vicinity' his field of labor, and is accounted one 
of the leading physicians of this part of Mis- 
souri. In addition to attending to the needs of 
his various clients, he is at present the Postmaster 
of this place, and is filling the office to the credit of 
himself and to the satisfaction of his fellovv-citizens. 

The Doctor is the second child born to Mathew 
A. and Amanda (Miller) Clay. The former was a 
native of St. Charles County, and here spent his en- 
tire life, d3'ing when in the prime of manhood, at 
the age of thirty-eight years. His wife also died 
in this countj', when thirty-six years of age. She 
was born in Rappahannock County, Va., and at an 
early day came to make her home in this localit}'. 
Dr. Clay was thus left an orphan when only ten 
years of age, and was taken to the home of kind 
relatives. He obtained his primary education in 
St. Chai'les, and supplemented the knowledge there 
gained by a course of study in Westminister Col- 
lege, of Callaway County, this state. 

On starting out in the practice of his profession. 
Dr. Clay located in Doris Bottom, this county, 
where he made a successful record, and continued 
to reside for about eight j'ears. Since 1881 he has 
been one of the leading practitioners of Augusta, 
and numbers among his clientage not only the cit- 
izens of this village, but of the surrounding coun- 



try as well. He ranks high with his professional 
lirethren, and is fre(iuently called in consultiition 
by them on serious eases, his judgment being highly 

April 14, 1874, Dr. Clay was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Cecelia Stump, who was called 
from his side by death some four j-ears later. She 
was a daughter of David and Maria Stump, well 
known settlers of St. Charles County. After the 
death of Mrs. Clay, the Doctor had a severe fit of 
sickness, lasting for about three years, and in or- 
der to recover his health he finally went to Florida, 
where he remained for some time. On the 13th of 
April, 1886. he was joined in marriage with Miss 
Mane Koch, bj' whom he has had three sons and 
two daughters, Lillian, Andrew.!., Mabel, Grover, 
and one unnamed, who are all living and bright, 
active children. 

In using his right of franchise Dr. Cla3- has al- 
ways sui)ported Democratic nominees, and is an 
active worker in the ranks of his party. He is up- 
right and conscientious in every position in life to 
wUicii he is called, and is a man of patriotic and 
public spirit. 


of the progressive farmers and stock- 
raisers in Cuivre Township, St. Charles 
County. His well conducted and finely improved 
farm is situated near the village of AVenlzville, 
and is well adapted for general agriculture and the 
raising of live stock, in which the owner is inter- 
ested to a considerable degree. 

The father of our subject, Francis R. Gann.i- 
wa}', is a native of Virginia, but was only seven 
years of age when he came with his father to Mis- 
souri. He lived until he was twenty years old in 
St. Louis County, and then settled upon a tr.ict of 
land in this county which had been taken up by 
his father from the Government. This land was 
then but little improved, as only about three acres 
had been cleared, and upon this space was a small 

log cabin. The young man proceeded with en- 
ergy and untiring industry to clear and improve 
the farm, which comprised three hundred and 
twenty acres, .and which has ever since been his 
home. In 1850 he married Miss JFartha Ferney, 
likewise a native of Virginia and daughter of Mil- 
ton Fernej-, one of the first settlers of St. Charles 
County. Mrs. Gannaway departed this life May 1 2, 
1872, leaving three children: Milton A.; Edmund, 
a bookkeeper in Wentzville; and Francis R., Jr., 
a farmer in Oregon County, this state. The fa- 
ther's birth occurred August 29, 1826, and he 
made his life work thiit of farming, succeeding 
well in his chosen vocation. 

The birth of M. A. Gannaway occurred Septem- 
ber 6, 1851, near Femme Osage, St. Charles Coun- 
ty. His early education was obtained at home, 
under the instruction of a governess, though he 
also attended the district school during some three 
or four months e.ach year for several years. When 
seventeen ^-ears old he began pursuing his studies 
at Wentzville Academy, and there continued for 
about three years. In April, 1872, owing to the 
severe illness of his mother, he left school and re- 
turned home. Her death soon followed, and the 
young had no inclination to return and re- 
sume his academical studies. Therefore he re- 
mained under the parental roof for a number of 
years, his time being employed in running the farm, 
.as the other brothers were attending school. 

In 1876 Mr. Gannaway was united in marriage 
with Miss Imogene Talbott, of Pauldingville, this 
county. Mrs. Gannaway died in .lune, 1878, and 
in the year 1884 our subject was married to Ella 
W. Ashbrook. The lady is a daughter of .Tames 
E. Ashbrook, a member of the firm of L. L. Ash- 
brook A- Co., one of the oldest pork-packing con- 
cerns in St. Louis. Our subject and his estimable 
wife hold membership with the Southern Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, to wiiich they are liberal 
contributors in work, interest and money. 

In 1880 Mr. Gannawa>' came to Wentzville and 
for the succeeding six months engaged in selling 
machinery for .T. C. .Johnson, of this [jlace. He 
next went out on the road as a salesman for Carr 
(fe Dula, tobacco manufacturers, with which liini 
he continued for three j-ears. The next venture 



of Mr. Gannawaj' was in conducting a livery bus- 
iness, buying out the establisliment formerly owned 
by Mr. Parker. In this occupation he continued for 
.nbout four years, for two yeais of which time he 
also managed the farm upon which he now has his 
abode, and finally, feeling that he had better give 
his entire attention to the latter, he sold out the 
livery and has since devoted himself solely to 
farming and stock-raising. 

In regard to political affairs, Mr. Gannaway de- 
posits his ballot in favor of the Democracy, but has 
never been an office-seeker, or otherwise interested 
personally in polities, except in the proper dis- 
charge of his duties as a citizen. Fraternally he is 
associated with the Ancient Order of United Work- 
men, to which he has belonged for several years. 



\ ^ S^ILLIAM F. BLOEBAUM, one of the 

\/ X/ leading men of St. Charles County, is 
at present holding the responsible po- 
.sition of County Collector. He has been promi- 
nently before the public in various official posi- 
tions, in one and all of which he has given 
satisfaction. A native of this county, he was born 
two miles west of the city of St. Charles, January 
2. 1863. He is the son of Henry Bloebaum, a na- 
tive of Hanover, Germany, who was brought to 
America by his father, William, when a mere lad. 
The famil3f settled near St. Charles, where the 
grandfather carried on the vocation of a farmer. 
The mother of our subject, Elizabeth Sophie, 
was born in St. Charles County, being the daugh- 
ter of Frederick Schmieniier, a Prussian by birth, 
who after coming to America tilled the soil of his 
farm in St. Charles County with good results. Our 
subject is one of three sons, the others being 
August, a car-builder residing in Kansas City, 
Kan., and Ernst H., who is employed as a carpenter 
in Kansas City, Kan. The family removed to St. 
Charles when AVilliam F. was an infant, and as 
soon as old enough he entered the public school, 
where he prosecuted his studies for some years. 

When fifteen 3'ears of age he secured a position as 
traveling salesman for a harvesting machine com- 
pany, the Mississippi Valley being assigned to him 
as his territory. In this venture he was very suc- 
cessful, and remained in the employ of the com- 
pany for sis 3'ears, being considered one of their 
most successful men. For two years following he 
was solicitor for the St. Charles Publishing Com- 
pany, operating in the city and surrounding 

When a young man of twenty-four Mr. Bloe- 
baum was appointed Assessor for the city of St. 
Charles and Deputy Assessor for the county, and 
so well did he discharge all the duties devolving 
upon him in that capacity that he was retained in 
office for two years. At the expiration of the 
time he was appointed Postmaster at St. Charles, 
May 21, 1889. One peculiar feature connected 
with his application is that never before in the his- 
tor}' of the postoffice department was there but one 
applicant for the position from so large a town, 
which fact indicates his popularity as an official. 
He served as Postmaster for four years, eight 
months and eleven days, which was two months 
longer than the expiration of his commission. The 
press of St. Charles, both Democratic and Repub- 
lican, complimented liiin by declaring that he had 
given the best satisfaction of any man who had 
ever held the office of Postmaster. During the 
summer of 1894 he was nominated at the Republi- 
can County Convention for the oifice of County 
Collector, and was elected November 6 by a hand- 
some majority. 

The lad3^ who became the wife of our subject, 
January 31, 1884, bore the maiden name of Eliz.a- 
beth Anna Roth. She was born February 6, 186.5, 
and received a good education in the schools of 
Hamburg, this county. She was next to the eldest 
of eight children comprising the family of John 
T. and Margaret (Fuchs) Roth, natives of Ger- 
many and St. Charles County, respectively. By 
her marriage she has become the mother of four 
children, namely: Chester Allan Arthur, Florence 
Ellen, Benjamin Harrison and William Whitelaw 

Mr. and Mrs. Bloebaum aie members of no par- 
ticular denomination, but of the Protestant faith. 




It is almost needless to say that our subject is a 
Republican and influential in the ranks. During 
the campaign of 1888 he was a nieniher of the 
State Executive Committee for the Kinth (then 
known as the Seventh) Congressional District. 
Since that year he lias been a delegate to all the 
count}' conventions, and has also attended tiie na- 
tional conventions. Socially he is identified with 
the Knights of Pythias, the Odd Fellows, the 
United Workmen and the Maccabees. He is a 
member of the Cottleville Aid vSocietj' and the be- 
nevolent society connected with St. John's Church. 


RORERT O. SHARP, a worthy resident of 
Cuivre Township, St. Charles County, is 
one of the wealth}' and intiuential men of 
tins region. He commenced life empty handed, 
but by his indomitable will and business ability 
has wrought out for himself a comfortable main- 
tenance and a high reputation for honorable char- 
acter among those wlio know him. 

A native of this county, Mr. Sharp was born 
November 6, 1847. He is one of five children 
whose parents were Wilcher and Pauline (Keith- 
ley) Sharp. His sister Lucy is the wife of Will- 
iam Keeble, Captain of Police in St. Louis. They 
have a family comprising three sons. Another 
sister, Zannie, first married A. C. Wells, b}' whom 
she had one daughter, now living. Subsequentlj^ 
Mrs. Wells became the wife of C. N. Kabler, now 
deceased. Wilcher Sharp was a native of Vir- 
ginia, but came to Missouri at an carl}' day, and 
here remained until his death in 1848. After his 
demise his wife assumed the m.anagement of the 
estate, and educated her children. She was an un- 
usually bright and lovable woman, a devoted 
member of the church, and highly esteemed in tlie 
community. After the marriage of our subject, 
his mother disposed of the home estate, and took 
up her abode witli him. She died at his home 
when she had attained the good old age of seven- 
ty-three 3ears. 

Robert O. Sharp was reared under the parental 
roof, and received the advantages of a common- 

school education. At the breaking out of the late 
war he enlisted in the Confederate service, with 
which he was connected until the close of the civil 
contlict. Later he returned home, where he re- 
mained until his mariiage. In 1871 he went to 
St. Louis, where he worked in different positions 
for eight years. During this time he made a com- 
fortal)le living and i)urchased a pleasant home. 
When this period had ela()sed, the oi)portunity of 
his life time came to him in the shape of a connec- 
tion with the Leggett & Myers Tobacco Compan}'. 
With the shrewd business foresight which is char- 
acteristic of Mr. Sharp, he secured a contract to do 
all of their hauling. With their increasing busi- 
ness, which has steadily grown from year to year- 
his part of the work has proved lucrative. Though 
ills business interests require most of his time in 
St. Louis, he prefers to have his residence else- 
where. His home is palatial, ranking among the 
best in St. Charles County, and is furnished lux- 
uriously and with admirable taste. 

December 22, 1871, JMr. Sliari) married Fannie 
T. Keeble. Her parents, R. B. and Eliza F. (Mur- 
phy) Keeble, were natives of Virginia, who emi- 
grated to this state in the days when deer roamed 
through the forests and the wolves often howled 
about the house. Mr. Keeble became one of the 
prominent farmers of this county, acquired a val- 
uable estate, and extended open hospitality to 
strangers as well as friends. He died September 
28, 1872, in the sixty-second year of his age. His 
faithful wife and helpmate was called to her final 
rest December 9, 1880, when she had reached her 
seventy-third milestone on life's journey. The 
latter's father, Travis Murphy, lived to see one 
hundred and ten years roll over his head, and his 
father, John Murphy, also lived to attain like 
years, lie was a remarkably intelligent old gen- 
tleman, and when he was one hundred and seven 
years old walked seven miles to cast his ballot. 

Six brothers and sisters of Mrs. Sharp are still 
living. Mary II., now deceased, was the wife of 
J. J. Whitlaker, a cooper in Lincoln County, this 
state, by whom she had four children; Juliet V. is 
the wife of N. II. McCausland, a prominent farmer 
of this township; Cumberland J., who is married 
and has several children, is a prosperous farmer of 



Vernon County, this state; William 0. is a Cap- 
tain on the St. Louis police force; Alplionzo T. is 
a well known grocer of Louisiana, Mo.; Rosanna 
B. became the wife of Stephen E. Douglas, an agri- 
culturist of this count3', and tbey have a famil}' of 
three children; and Richard H. is a well-to-do 
farmer of Vernon County. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Sharp was born one child, 
Kittie, who married C. R. St. John, a general com- 
mission merchant of St. Louis, and a son of Capt. 
J. A. St. John, formerly of the Central Type 
Foundry, but now retired. Mrs. Sharp has been 
indeed a true helpmate and companion to her hus- 
band, .and presides over their hospitable home in a 
graceful manner. She relates an incident of their 
earlj' married life which seems amusing in com- 
parison with their present fortune. The first $20 
that she received for pin money she carefully 
placed in an envelope labeled "poison," and this 
put between the lids of the family Bible. From 
time to time she added to the amount, and when 
she had accumulated a sufficient sum it was in- 
vested in a team of horses. While she and her 
husband are not members of any church, they con- 
tribute liberalh' of their means to benevolent and 
worth}' enterprises. Politically Mr. Sharp is not 
a partisan, but votes for the man whom he consid- 
ers best qualified for office. 





JOHN HENRY MEIER is a son of that ster- 
ling old pioneer, Henry Meier, who was a 
prominent factor in the development of St. 
Charles County. Our subject is a German 
by birth, having been born in Melle, Hanover, 
Prussia, January 10, 1837. He is the second child 
in a family of eleven born to Henry and Minnie 
(Borgeld) Meier. In order of birth they are as 
follows: Louise; John Henry; Lena, who died in 
infancy; Karl; Lena, William, Catherine, John, 
George and Emma. The fifth child .also died in 

Henry Meier, the father of this family, was born 
in Ilogel, Hanover, Prussia. His father, the grand- 

father of our subject, was killed in an accident 
when Henry was a boy, leaving his family with 
very little means. Henry was therefore compelled 
early to start out in life to make a living for him- 
self. He first learned the trade of a carpenter and 
wagon-maker, and later that of a cabinet-maker. 
When thirty-three years of age he came to Amer- 
ica, sailing from Bremen, and arriving in New Or- 
leans after an uneventful voyage of fifty-seven 
days on the water. He came up the Mississippi 
River to St. Louis, Mo., and by wagon from there 
to St. Charles Countj', and settled in Callaway 
Township, on the site where the distillery of this 
town now stands. Six months later he purchased 
forty acres of timber-land from the Toenail estate, 
and forty acres of Government land, the papers 
being signed by President Polk. In 1849 he pur- 
chased forty additional acres from a Mr. Gegge- 
mann, and forty more from Fred Krueger. A log 
house stood on the first forty .acres, and m this 
shanty he made his home, after having made a 
small addition to the building. In 1855 he erected 
a more commodious and modern frame dwelling, 
which still stands on the farm. It was 18x44 feet, 
with a kitchen 14x18. Our subject vividly recalls 
tlie hard work he was called upon to do when a 
boy, helping to clear and cultivate this wild un- 
broken land, the timber having to be cut with the 
old-fashioned hand-saw and axe. In this home the 
father died, passing away September 5, 1876. He 
lies buried in the Evangelical Churchyard at Cap- 
peln, St. Charles County, and a monument marks 
the last resting-place of this German pioneer of 
Callaway Township. 

Few men fought more nobly or honorably for 
existence in the primitive days of the history of 
this county than did Henry Meier. His handi- 
work and good deeds remain as a monument to 
his skill as a builder. He erected the first house 
on the Luckett estate, which still stands, and is 
occupied by Mrs. Martha Luckett, and many other 
houses are still standing of which he was the arch- 
itect and builder. As a wagon-maker he was a 
skilled mechanic, and some of his productions are 
still doing good service in this section. 

The wife of this noble pioneer was born in Au- 
gust, 1814, and was called away to the better land 



November 28, 1887. She was laid at rest beside 
her husband, there to remain until the Judgment 
Da}'. Siie sliared alilve with her husband and fam- 
ily in the many trials and privations incident 
to pioneer life, and was a devoted member of the 
Evangelical Church. Rev. Mr. Erion, the pastor 
of the congregation in which she held her member- 
ship, read the last sad rites over her remains. She 
was born near INlclle, Prussia. Her parents never 
left the Fatherland, she and one otlier relative be- 
ing the only ones of the family to come to America. 

This township and county were indeed in their 
primitive state when this worthy couple first lo- 
cated here, the wolves often making the night hid- 
eous with their dismal howling, while the deer 
abounded in the woodland and on the prairies. 
When eighteen jears of age, our subject shot and 
killed two of these noble animals on the Callawaj' 
Hills. When he was four years of age, a lady who 
is still a resident of this county and makes her 
home in the Meier family made him his first pair 
of pants, which he wore with boyish pride, afford- 
ing much amusement to the rest of the family. He 
received his education in the old log schoolhouse 
of his localit}', and his first teacher was a Mr. Kroen- 
ker, who "spared not the rod when they broke the 
rule," and with the old birchen switch keiU good 
order. His memory is still green in the hearts of 
the pupils who still remain on the shores of time. 

At the age of sixteen, j\Ir. Meier learned the 
trade of a wagon-maker in the shop with his fa- 
ther, and at the age of twenty-one embarked in 
business for himself. He began his career with 
seventy-five cents in his pocket, opening up ashop 
in New Melle, which is now conducted bj' his son, 
John Ilenr}' Bleier, Jr. For nearly a quarter of a 
century he conducted thisbrancli of business, with 
satisfaction to his friends and profit to himself. 
In connection with his business, he owned forty- 
one and a-half acres of farm land on section 26, 
but which the son above si)oken of now owns. 
In 187'J he purclmsed the old INlcGowen estate from 
Henry Moore, the deed from the Government now 
being in his possession, and in March, 1881, he and 
his family took possession of this fine farm of two 
hundred and twentj' acres. A large and comfort- 
able residence, built in modern style, occupies the 

place of the old log house that was first built on 
this homestead, commodious barns filled with grain 
have taken the place of the straw shed, and fine 
ornamental and fruit trees have replaced the sturdy 

January 7, 18.')9, .John H. Meier and Miss Dora- 
tliea, a daughter of Henry and Sophia (Ohlenburg) 
Paul, were united in marriage. She was the third 
in a family of ten children, five of whom are 
living, the others being Fred, a farmer residing 
in Warren County; Henry, also of Warren Coun- 
ty; Eliza, the wife of John Ililderbrant, of War- 
ren County; and Minnie, the widow of Au- 
gust Freese, a resident of Callaway Township. 
Mrs. Meier accompanied her parents to America in 
the fall of 1848, taking eight long weeks to make 
the perilous voyage across the Atlantic. They ar- 
rived in New Orleans, and made the rest of the 
journey in a wagon, coming to Missouri and set- 
tling in Warren County, where her father pur- 
chased a home, and where he died April 1, 1884. 
The mother was born October 1.3, 1815, and de- 
parted this life July 10, 1881. Both are buried in 
the Cappeln Evangelical Churchyard. 

Ten children have blessed the union of Mr. and 
Mrs. Meier, as follows: John Henry, born May 12, 
1860, a young business man of New Melle; Fred, 
born November 18, 1862, a traveling salesman, 
with his home in Quincy, 111.; Anna M., born Jan- 
uary 9, 186.5, at home; George, who was born Jul}' 
9, 1867, and manages a farm of one hundred 
and eightj'-six acres on section 7; Benjamin, a 
traveling salesman, who makes his father's home 
his dwelling-place when not on the road, and who 
was born November 14, 1869; Adina, who was born 
August 8, 1872, and is at home; Lydia, born Jan- 
uary 21, 1875, still making her home with her 
parents; Frank, born October 27, 1877, also at 
home; Louise, born May 10, 1880, who died in in- 
fancy; and Dora, born October 19, 1884, at home. 

Few men have made a better record than John 
II. Meier, and he can justly feel a pride in his 
beautiful home and his interesting family. He Is 
a friend to the luiblic-school system, and is one of 
the Trustees of the school in his district at the 
present time. Politically he is a stanch Republi- 
can, and cast his first vote for our martyred Prcsi- 



dent, Abraliam Lincoln. He has never sought 
political honors from his party. He was a member 
of the Home Guard and Militia, who protected their 
homes from invasion during the late Rebellion. 
The family are all members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church, and as such are highly respected, and 
they occupj' a social position second to none in 
the locality. 


OHN HENRY FRICK, A. M., is Professor of 
Mathematics and Natural Sciences in Central 
Wesle3'an College of Warren ton. In addi- 
tion to discharging his regular duties as a 
teacher in the institution, he has been curator of 
the museum connected therewith ever since it was 
started, and has, in fact, collected most of the spec- 
imens. The summer of 1877 ho spent in the Rocky 
Mountains with the Edwards' scientific expedition, 
and since 1878 he has been a member of the Ameri- 
can Association for tlie Advancement of Science. 
Moreover, he holds membership with the Interna- 
tional Congress of Geologists. During the sum- 
mer of 1894, he was a guest at the Missouri Botani- 
cal Gardens in St. Louis, where he pursued special 
lines of botanical study. Since 1880 he has been 
voluntary observer for the United States Signal 
Weather Service. 

Professor Frick was born in Clay County, Mo., 
March 13, 1845, and is a son of William Frick, 
who came to America from Rhenish Bavaria in 
1839. After a year's sojourn in Pennsylvania 
among relatives, he came to Missouri and settled 
on a farm in Clay County, where he lived for forty 
years. He was drafted into the Bavarian army, 
and his name stood on tlie roll for six years before 
leaving his native country, but he received a fur- 
lough, it being a time of peace, and at the end of 
the six years he was honorably discharged without 
having seen a day of active service. In Kirch- 
heim Bolanden he learned tlie weaver's trade, but 
after coming to America turned his attention to 
farming. He often humorously stated that he 
could trace his lineage back to Adam, his great- 

grandfather being Adam Frick, who lived in Duch- 
roth, Rhenish Bavaria. There are still forty-five 
families of the name living near tiie old homestead, 
where stands a village of about one thousand in- 
habitants. Some of the name came to the United 
States before the Revolution, settling in Pennsyl- 
vania, Maryland and Virginia. The old Colonial 
records show tliat no less than a dozen families 
bearing the surname of Frick arrived in Philadel- 
phia before that conflict. Of that number certain 
ones became eminent and wealthy citizens, whose 
descendants are scattered all over the country. A 
history of the family in America is now being com- 
piled by Col. .Jacob Frick, of Chester, Pa. . Will- 
iam Frick, the father of our subject, is now in his 
eighty-fifth year. 

William Frick was married in 1844 to Ann Hob- 
lit, whose father, David, was born in 1787, the 
j-ear the Constitution of the United States was 
adopted. The latter's father, Michael Hoblit, emi- 
grated from German}' about 1760, and lived near 
Philadelphia, where his son David was born. The 
mother of Mrs. Ann Frick was Martha, daughter 
of Amos Wilson, a Baptist minister and a nephew 
of James Wilson, one of the signers of the Decla- 
ration of Independence. The Wilsons came from 
Wales. Rev. William Wilson, a somewhat noted 
Disciple minister of Ohio, was an uncle of Mrs. 
Frick. David Hoblit was in the War of 1812, and 
emigrated from Ohio to Missouri at an early day 
He lived to a ripe old age, and at his death his 
posterity numbered over eighty souls. Of the chil- 
dren horn to William and Ann Frick, Mrs. J. J\[. 
Cook is now deceased, and the other daughters 
are Mrs. E. J. Hollman and Mrs. J. A. Price. The 
only brother of the Professor is Dr. William Frick, 
A. M., of Kansas Citj', Mo., Secretary of the Jack- 
son County Medical Association, and a member of 
the Faculty of the Kansas City Medical College. 

When six years of age John H. Frick was sent 
to the public school. One of his teachers, Robert 
Fleming, was a soldier in the Mexican War under 
Colonel Doniphan. The latter, who was County Su- 
perintendent when Professor Frick was a boy, once 
visited the school and delivered an address. As 
he the only child of German parentage in the 
school, John H, was often derisively called a Dutch- 


1 oo 

man. As his attendance at school was very irreg- 
ular, bis services being required on the farm at 
times, he was still pursuing his studies during the 
early years of the war. When he was twenty years 
old he taught a term of private school near home, 
and at the same time, during the summer of 1866, 
received instruction from a college student. Later 
he taught for two terms at Elm Grove Academy, 
in the noithern part of Clay County. 

In the fall of 1867 Professor Frick entered the 
Western Educational Institute, now known as the 
Central Wesleyan College of Warrenton, and grad- 
uated from the classical course in June, 1870. His 
father was opposed to his going to college, as he 
wished him to follow an agricultural career. As 
an inducement to the young man, he took him to 
Kansas and showed him one of the finest eighty- 
acre tracts of land in Miami County, which he had 
purchased for him. After due deliberation, how- 
ever, the son declared his intention of going to col- 
lege, and did so, working his own way tiirough. 
During the first and last years of the course he was 
a tutor, and earned some monej', which, added 
to what he could make during the vacations, helped 
to meet his expenses. Nevertheless he found him- 
self 1300 in debt when he graduated, but paid off 
this amount from his first year's salary thereafter. 
In the summer of 1870 he was offered the princi- 
palship of the preparatory department of his Alma 
Mater, and accepted the position at a salary of 
$375 and board for the first year. He also bad 
charge of the books and stationery, out of which 
he made 8125. Purchasing Blaekstone and Kent's 
Commentaries, he read about ten pages of law each 
evening, with a view to taking up the legal profes- 
sion later on. At the end of the first year be was 
promoted to the Chair of Mathematics and Natural 
Sciences. Though this promotion was flattering, he 
accepted the place with reluctance, as be foresaw 
that it would put an end to bis law studies. How- 
ever, he accepted as his lot a college career, and is 
now rounding out a quarter of a century of work 
in the college where he received his education. 

July 14, 1872, Professor Frick married Miss Kate, 
daughter of Frederick Hartel, of Cl.ay County, this 
state. She was educated in the public schools, and 
after her marriage attended the college, ller par- 

ents came from Germany about 1840, settling on a 
farm in the northern part of Clay County, where 
the^' lived until summoned by death a few years 
since. The three elder brothers of Mrs. Frick are 
substantial and well-to-do farmers of Clay and 
Clinton Counties, and her younger brother is Kev. 
William Hartel, a member of the Missouri Confer- 
ence of the Methodist Episcopal Church. The fol- 
lowing children have been born to Professor and 
Mrs. Frick, namely: Frederick William, John Ja- 
cob, Edwards Lincoln, Katie Paulina, Benjamin 
Franklin, Millicent Josepliine, Victor Taylor and 
Alice Agnes. Frederick William graduated from 
the classical course of Central Wesleyan College 
in June, 1894, and is now teaching in Washington 
County, 111. 

Jul^' 20, 1864, our subject enlisted in Capt. .John 
Yoanger's company of Enrolled Missouri Militia, 
as a substitute for James Bond. lie liad frequent 
encounters with guerrillas under the noted Bill 
Anderson, and Todd, Sbepard, T.aylor, and others. 
In September, 1864, with a detail of sixteen from 
his company, he went under Maj. Austin A. King, 
of the Thirteenth Missouri Veteran Cavalry, on an 
expedition through Ray, Carroll, Chariton and 
Howard Counties. They bad man}' skirmishes 
with the guerrillas in that region, and after the 
battle at Fayette followed Bill Anderson for eight 
days, running him out of Boone and Callaway 
Counties. This was just after the Cenlralia mas- 
sacre. General Price was then making his last raid 
in the state, and Mr. Frick, with his comrades, was 
sent to bold the post at Glasgow, Mo. There they 
were attacked by General Shelb3- on October 15, 
and after fighting from daylight until two o'clock 
p. M., Col. Chester Harding, who commanded the 
post, was compelled to surrender. The prisoners 
were paroled and sent with a guard into the Fed- 
eral lines near Boon ville. Resuming active service 
with bis company after bis exchange, Mr. Frick 
continued with tbein until the company was dis- 
charged, March 12, 1865, when he immediately re- 
enlisted in Capt. John W. Younger's company of 
Missouri Volunteer Militia, and served until the 
companj' was disbanded in the following Jul}'. He 
never placed under the slightest punishment, 
and preferred scouting to the inactivity of camp 



life. Once when ten volunteers were called for to 
go on what was thought to be a hazardous expedi- 
tion, he was the only one to respond. His captain 
exclaimed, "My God! is this boy the only brave 
man in the company?" and this remark immedi- 
atel3f brought out the other nine required. At 
present Professor Frick is a member of Colonel 
Morsey Post No. 197, G. A. R. 

The first Presidential vote of our subject was cast 
in 1868, when he supported the straight Republi- 
can ticket, from General Grant down. He has ever 
since been an ally of the party. In 1868 he was 
put up for the position of Survej^or of Clay Coun- 
t}', and was defeated by a majority of only fort}'- 
two voles. For four years he served on the Re- 
publican State Committee, and has been Chairman 
of the County Committee for two terms. During 
this time the Republicans were re-united, and 
every county official was a Republican, instead of 
an Independent or Democrat, as had been the case 
for j'ears. Though strongly indorsed by F. G. 
Nicdringhaus, and the other Republican Congress- 
man from Missouri, for the position of Supervisor 
of the census for this district under Harrison's ad- 
ministration, he did not receive the appointment. 
For years he was identified with the Good Temp- 
lars, and held official positions in the order. For 
several terms he was President of the County Sun- 
day-school Association, and for twent3'-six years 
has been a Sunday-school teacher. He joined the 
German Methodist Episcopal Church in his twenty- 
second year, and is a local preacher in the denom- 

Professor Frick has been connected with many 
local enterprises, and has served as a member of 
the building committees of two parsonages, the 
Ladies' Home (old and new). Jubilee Chapel, J. L. 
Kessler Memorial Hall, Orphan Asylum and the 
Warrenton public school building. The latter he 
planned while a School Director. He is also one 
of the Directors of the Warrenton Electric Light 
Company. Several years ago he constructed a 
six-foot focus, five-inch diameter, refracting tele- 
scope, which he has used in teaching astronomy, 
and a short published description of the instrument 
gave him a wide correspondence, necessitating his 
sending special instructions to twenty-seven per- 

sons, scattered in various parts of the United 
States, and one a resident of the Sandwich Islands. 
This required much trouble and some expense, but 
the task was performed willingly b}' our worthy 


sailed the high seas for many years, and 
who is a veteran of the late Civil War, has 
been a resident of Lincoln County for over thirty 
years. His place of abode is in township 51, range 
2, where he has a well improved homestead, a short 
distance northwest of Elsberry. Recently he ex- 
changed a tract of real estate for the Palace Hotel 
in the village just mentioned, and is making ex- 
tensive additions and improvements about the 
building, which, when completed, will be one of 
the finest in this locality. 

The paternal grandfather, Reuben Page, was a 
native of tlie Green Mountain State, and had 
served in the War of 1812. He died about 1845, 
at the age of eighty years, on the old homestead 
where he was born and reared. His father was one 
of four brothers who came from Scotland at an 
early day, two settling in the South, one in New 
Hampshire, and one in Vermont. 

The father of our subject, Ephraim Page, was 
born in Orange County, Vt., about 1806, being the 
youngest of twelve children. Until 1840 he en- 
gaged in farming in his native state, but sold out 
his interests there in the fall of that year, and 
started for the West by way of the Erie Canal. 
Reaching Buffalo too late in the year for a lake 
voyage, the family was compelled to winter in 
Buffalo, and the only vacant house available was 
a new one, in which the plastering was not drj'. 
The mother contracted a cold, from the effects of 
which her death resulted in the fall of 1841, in 
Ogle County, 111. She was also a native of Vermont, 
and bore the maiden name of Maria Tillotson. In 
the spring of 1841 the famil3' proceeded b.y lake to 
Chicago, and thence by wagon to Ogle Countj', 
111., where Mr. Page took up a farm of one hundred 



and sixtj' acres on Leaf River. The housoliokl was 
broken up on the mother's death, and the children 
found homes in families living near. The family 
originally included six children, but three of the 
number died in infancy. Kosanna Augusta mar- 
ried Peter Straus, a carpenter of Ogle County, and 
in 1!S59 moved to New Hope, Mo., later went to 
Calhoun County, 111., and finally to Iowa, where 
the husband died. His widow is now making her 
home in White River Count\', S. Dak. Her sister, 
Helen S., is living with her. 

After the death of his wife, the father sold 
tinware and notions from a wagon, and traveled 
all over northern Illinois. Afterward he worked 
for several winters in the Wisconsin pineries, and 
rafted logs to St. Louis and other points along the 
river. On the outbreak of the late war, he be- 
came connected with the Quartermaster's depart- 
ment, in which he served until his death, which 
occurred in November, 1864, from the effects of 
exposure and privation. 

Frederick W. Page was born near Topsham, Or- 
ange County, Vt., June 22, 1831. He attended 
school for a few years in his native state, and for 
one season after going to Illinois. In the spring 
of 1842, when only eleven years of age, he walked 
twenty-five miles to Rockford, 111., where his fa- 
ther had secured him a position in a printing-of- 
fice. P^or two years he rose each morning at four 
o'clock, cut wood or did other work until break- 
fast, then worked all day in the office, and after 
supper returned and set t3pe until ten o'clock. At 
the end of that time he could set two thousand 
ems a day, or two-thirds of what an average man 
could do. At length, tiring of this unremitting 
toil, and being filled with a longing to see his kin- 
dred, he set out for his native state. Going to 
Chicago, he went aboard a vessel bound for Buf- 
falo, and, as he had only half a dollar, beat his 
passage to that city. For six weeks after his ar- 
rival there he worked in a printing-ollice, and then 
found a chance to work his way further P>ast on 
a canal-boat, acting part of the time as steersman. 
From Albany to Whitehall he held a similar posi- 
tion on a boat. The next few weeks he worked 
for a farmer, and thus by stages his journey was 
made. He lived for two years with his relatives, 

after which he was employed for six months on a 
farm. Then going to Lowell, Mass., he worked in a 
cotton factory for nine months, mending broken 
threads for live hundred spindles. For this work 
he received fifty cents a day, and paid 12 a week 
for board, yet managed to save a small amount. 

In search of further adventure, young Page went 
to Boston, and engaged as a hand on a sailing- 
vessel going to Philadelphia and return. At the 
close of the trip the ship changed owners, and a 
new captain took command. He would not make 
a definite agreement with the boy, who, supposing 
he was on the pay-roll, as he had helped to 
the vessel, was carried to sea. When asked for his 
wages, the captain professed not to know the young 
sailor, who said nothing until he arrived in Bos- 
ton, when he made a visit to a Justice. The ob- 
durate captain was soon brought to time, as he had 
violated the customs law by taking a sailor to sea 
without signing articles, and was liable to a ^500 
fine. The lad next sailed to Portland, where he 
shipped on a vessel which was bound for the South, 
to load cotton for the Liverpool markets. On the 
voyage the crew found the ship utterly unsea- 
worthy, and their services were coiistantl}' requir- 
ed in mending the sails and patching the rigging. 
They decided to desert in a body and not to risk 
their lives. One night, when the vessel was at 
anchor and the captain ashore, the men locked 
the officers in the cabin, stole a boat, and started 
to row from the lower bay to the city, twenty-five 
miles distant. Daylight found them onl^' eight 
miles from their destination, and for several hours 
they concealed themselves in the rushes, proceed- 
ing to the city the following night. From Mobile 
young Page sailed to New York, and continued to 
follow the sea for several years. He sailed to the 
West Indies, and made one vo^'age to Havre, 
France. On this trip he experienced the most ter- 
rific storm he ever witnessed; the rain came down 
in torrents, fiooding the deck to the depth of six 
inches; the masts were several times struck bj' 
lightning, and the sailors suffered from the shock 
for several days. The entire voyage was veiy 
tempestuous, as in the latter part of the trip they 
encountered heav^' northern gales, and when nearl}' 
at their destination they were almost lost in a, 



heavy fog: which lifted long enough to show them 
a lighthouse and breakers ahead, toward which 
they were rapidly drifting. 

In his twenty-fourth year Mr. Page made a visit 
to his native state, where he spent the winter, and 
in tlie following spring came West. His fatlier 
was then working on the river, and the two en- 
gaged in rafting logs down the Mississippi during 
the summer months. Cholera was prevalent, and 
the young man had a slight attack of the disease, 
after which he left his former occupation. In the 
fall of 1856 he engaged in farming in Ogle Coun- 
ty, 111., where he remained for two years. Tlien, 
in company, with his brother-in-law, he moved to 
New Hope, where he was engaged in agricultural 
pursuits until tlie breaking out of the late war. 

Enlisting in Company A, Third Missouri Cav- 
alry, Mr. Page served under Colonel Smart and 
Capts. William Owens and Abijah Johns. His 
principal service was in southern Missouri and 
northern Arkansas. In an engagement during 
Marmaduke's raid, part of the regiment in wliich 
Mr. Page was serving held a much larger body of 
Confederates at baj' in a mountain gorge. The 
latter supposed that a large Union force was op- 
posing them, and retreated, leaving the small body 
of victorious soldiers to escape to their fortifica- 
tions near Pilot Knob. During Price's raid, in 
the fall of 1864, our subject, in company with per- 
haps a dozen comrades, was cutoff from the Union 
forces, and was obliged to make his way to St. 
Louis througii a country infested with guerrillas. 
On two occasions the small party, when met b}' the 
enemy, put on a bold front, and, calling to an 
imaginary force to come to their aid, routed a 
much larger detachment of rebels. Company A 
was mustered out at Macon City, Mo., in March, 

October 16, 1856, Mr. Page married Miss Susan 
Kaufmann, a native of Ohio, but whose parents 
were Pennsylvanians. Her death occurred October 
16, 1858. Of her two children, one died in infancy. 
The other, Frederick E., makes his home with his 
father on the farm which they own in common. 
He has been twice married, his first union being 
with Miss Matilda Peters, who bore him one child, 
who died in infancy a few months after the death 

of the mother. September 3, 1894, the young man 
married Cora, daughter of Hiram Laird, of Els- 
berrjr, who was born in May, 1878. 

In June, 1869, our subject married Lj'dia Can- 
non, whose birth occurred in this county, Febru- 
ary 13, 1829. Her parents, Samuel and Tempe 
(Steward) Cannon, were natives of Tennessee and 
South Carolina, respectively. Mrs. Page belongs 
to the Christian Church, while her husband is iden- 
tified with the Methodist Episcopal denomination. 
Mrs. Page owns an eightj^-acre tract of land near 
Elsberry, and, in company with his son, our sub- 
ject owns a homestead of two hundred and seven 
acres. He is now serving as School Director, and 
was a Granger during the existence of that organ- 
ization. In politics be supports the Republican 





highly respected agriculturist of town- 
ship 47, range 1, St. Charles County, and 
has resided in the neighborhood of his present 
home since 1877, with the exception of four years 
passed in Warren County, this state. He was born 
May 20, 1848, on liis father's farm in this town- 
ship. His parents were Samuel W. and Martha 
(Johnson) Williams, natives of Amelia Countj^, 
Va., the former born June 29, 1818, and the latter 
December 2, 1821. Their marriage was celebrated 
in the Old Dominion, August 28, 1839, and the 
same year they set forth to seek their fortune and 
make a home in the West. 

Coming to Missouri, Samuel W. Williams settled 
upon a rented farm in Callaway Township, St. 
Charles County, where he continued to live for 
the next two years. At the end of that time he 
entered a farm in Cuivre Township, near Foristell, 
wliich place he soon afterward purchased. Be- 
sides his farm duties, he dealt extensively in to- 
bacco for some years. At first he was salesman for 
the manufactured article in the employ of a Mr. 
May, and afterward worked for the firm of Mason 
& Gray. He wa§ a well known and respected citi- 





zen, and through his industrious efforts became 
quite well-to-do. His death occurred August 26, 

After remaining a widow for seventeen years, 
our subject's mother became the wife of Silas Car- 
ter, a farmer of W.arren County, Mo., their mar- 
riage taking place October 12, 1871. Five years 
later Mr. Carter died, and his wife departed this 
life Mar'ch 29, 1891, at the old home at Foristell, 
now occupied by her son, Henry W. She was the 
mother of eight children, five sons and three 
daughters, all of whom are living. Napoleon E. is 
married and lives in Warren County; John P., a 
widower, is a resident of St. Louis County; Mary 
L.,Mrs. H. Hutchinson, resides in Warren County; 
Samuel R. is married, and lives in this township; 
Marshall W. is the next in order of birth; Henry 
W., who is married, is a druggist at Foristell; Sa- 
rah Ann is married, and lives in St. Louis; and 
Martha W., Mrs. Tyler Painter, lives in Warren 
County. On the paternal side our subject's grand- 
father was a native of Virginia and a man of 
prominence and extensive possessions. The ma- 
ternal grandfather, George Johnson, was a partic- 
ipant in the War of 1812, and came from one of 
the best families of Virginia. 

M. W. Williams attended the common schools 
near Foristell, and made his home with his parents 
until he had reached the age of twenty-six. At 
that time he was united in marriage with Virginia, 
daughter of James F. Owens, their union being 
celebrated March 15,1877. The parents of Mrs. 
Williams were born in Virginia, and the latter 
came to Missouri in 1833 with her parents, being 
then only thirteen years of age. Mr. Owens en- 
gaged in farming in Callaway Township until his 
death, June 2, 1887. He and his second wife (the 
mother of Mrs. Williams) reared seven children, as 
follows: Mrs. Mary M. Smith, of Johnson County, 
this state; Jane C, the wife of Benjamin Phillips, 
of Oregon County; Amanda R., wife of Austin 
Green, of this county; Mrs. AVilliams; Julia R., who 
is unmarried; James F., who is married, and lives 
in Kay County; and Emma C, wife of Samuel 
Williams, of this county. Mrs. Williams was born 
and reared in Callaway Township, and by her mar- 
riage has two living children, one daughter, Lena 

J., having i)assed awa^- July 29, 1879. Carrie V., 
born March 20, 1879, and George W., August 18, 
1885, are both attending school. 

In 1880 Mr. Williams moved to Warren Coun- 
ty, settling on a farm about six miles north of 
AVarreuton, and there engaged in its cultivation 
for four years. In 1883 he returned to this local- 
it3^and purchased the farm which he now operates. 
In politics he supports the Democratic V)arty, and 
is a public-spirited citizen. 

^ ^^^^Mli-^i-i^li 

<rio ' 

WILLIAM MEISER, who owns one iuin- 
died and eighty acres of land in town- 
ship 47, range 4, St. Charles County, 
was born March 11, 1860, in the house where he 
now lives. He is considered one of the enterpris- 
ing and practical young farmers of this township, 
and has succeeded in his various undertakings and 
enterprises beyond his expectation. 

Adam Meiser, the father of William, was born in 
Prussia, Germany, and followed the occupation of 
farming from his boyhood. In 1853 he deter- 
mined to seek a home in the United States, as he 
believed better opportunities were offered there to 
a young man of enterprise and push than in the 
Fatherland. Accordingly he set sail across the 
Atlantic alone, and on his arrival went direct to 
St. Louis, where for four years lie engaged in 
teaming. In 1857 he married Miss Catherine 
Lonoehr, who was also a native of Prussia. In 
1859 he came to this county and bought sixty 
acres of land, a portion of the farm now owned 
by his son William. After clearing a space he 
built a small house, where he continued to dwell 
until claimed by death. May 30, 1881. His wife 
survived him ten years, dying September 8, 1891. 
Mary, their eldest ciiild, was born August 8, 1858, 
and became the wife of Frederick Droste, who lives 
with our subject and assists in the management of 
the farm. Matilda, the youngest child, was born 
in 1865, and married Henry Kmerling, a laborer, 
residing in St. Charles. 

William Meiser received his education in the 
county schools, and was never away from home 



at any time until lie arrived at man's estate. Be- 
ing the onl}' son, he was bis father's right hand 
and main reliance. November 26, 1890, he mar- 
ried Miss Annie Knotz, who was born in Germany, 
February 11, 1861. Her parents, Labrecht and 
Fredericka (Longa) Knotz, were both natives of 
Prussia. Her mother died in this countj' in 1865, 
after which her father married Annie Wen del. 
He is still living and carries on agricultural pur- 
suits in St. Charles County. Mrs. Meiser is the 
eldest child of her father's first union, the other 
children being Lena, Louisa, Mary and Johanna, 
all natives of St. Charles County. Three children 
have been born to our subject and his wife: Alfred, 
whose birth occurred August 3, 1889; Laura, born 
August 14, 1891; and Emil, March 23, 1893. 

In 1892 "William Meiser bought his presentfarm, 
which comprises one hundred and eighty acres of 
his father's estate. He Intends making this his 
permanent home, and for that reason is making 
substantial improvements. Ninety acres of the 
place are prairie land, and unprofitable for culti- 
vation, but the remainder of the propert}' is rich 
and arable land, which yields abundant harvests. 
Mr. Meiser has never taken an active interest in po- 
litical affairs, as he Onds his time fully occupied in 
the management of his farm and business con- 
cerns, but has supported the Republican party 
since casting his first ballot. Religiously he and 
his wife are members of the German Lutheran 
Church of St. Charles. They are estimable people, 
industrious and honorable, and enjoy the confi- 
dence and friendship of all who know them. 

JOHN HENRY SCHEMMER, a prosperous 
farmer of Hickory Grove Township, Warren 
County, living about two miles and a-half 
north of Wright Cit3r, is of German descent, 
but was born in St. Charles County, .June 25, 1853. 
By strict industry and the energy so characteristic of 
our German-American citizens, he has risen from a 
small beginning to a position of prominence and 

influence. He is the owner of a large tract oi fine 
land, comprising some three hundred and thirty- 
eight acres located on Camp Creek. 

The parents of our subject were Harman and 
Mary Schemraer, both natives of Germany, who 
on coming to America about the year 1850 first 
located in St. Louis, where the father worked for 
a year iu a foundry. Subsequently he removed to 
this county and commenced the occupation of 
farming, which calling he followed up to the time 
of his death, which occurred in December, 1889. 
During the war he served m the Union army about 
two years, as a member of a company of reserved 
volunteers, and before leaving the Fatherland he 
was for three years in the German army. He was 
twice married, by his first union having three 
children, all sons, namely: William Harman, now 
of Jackson County Mo.; John Henry, of this sketch; 
and Frederick, also a resident of Jackson Count}'. 
After the death of his first wife, Harman Sehemmer 
married Miss Mary Nolle, a native of Germany, 
but who at the time of her marriage was living 
in St. Charles. Seven children were born of this 
marriage, three of whom are still living and 
making their home with their mother in Femme 
Osage Township, this county. They are named 
respectively John, August and Lizzie. 

The boyhood of our subject was passed on his 
father's farm until he was fifteen years of age. 
His education was obtained in the public schools 
near home, and after leaving that vicinity he at- 
tended school for one winter near Cappeln, War- 
ren County. In 1879, soon after his marriage, the 
young man removed to the farm where he is still 
living. It was then owned by his father-in-law, 
but was purchased of him in 1893 bj' our subject. 

December 13, 1879, Mr. Sehemmer wedded Jo- 
hannah, daughter of Henry Groenamann, who was 
born in St. Charles County, but wiiose parents 
are natives of Germany. Five children, three sons 
and two daughters, h.ave been born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Sehemmer. They are all living at home and 
are as follows: Emma, Otto, Ida, Edwin and Wal- 

Politically our subject has been identified with 
the Republican party since becoming a voter, and 
cast his first Presidential ballot for Gen. U. S 



Grant. He and his wife are members of the Ger- 
man Lutheran Church of Wrigiit City, They 
have a host of sincere friends, who esteem them for 
their upright lives and their steriiiig characterist- 
ics as citizens and neiglibors. 

HENRY WEHDE, a native of Missouri, 
comes from one of the sterling pioneer 
families of Lincoln County. He inherited 
five hundred acres of his father's large estate. 
The homestead is located in township 48, range 2, 
and everything about the place gives evidence of 
the constant care and watchful attention bestowed 
upon it by the owner. 

The birth of our subject occurred ou the farm 
where he is still living, the date of the event being 
September 29, 1856. He is one of the four chil- 
dren born to Dedrich and Elizabeth (Dobelraan) 
AVehde. He has only one sister living, Caroline, 
who received as her share three hundred and forty 
acres of her father's farm. The latter was born in 
Hanover, Germany, in 1821, and crossed the At- 
lantic in 18-16. For about five years he remained 
in St. Louis, where he embarked in the grocery 
business and met with gratifying success. With 
the money thus realized he purchased three hun- 
dred acres of land in this county. At that time 
there was no railroad in his locality, and he was 
obliged to ship his household effects by boat as far 
as Cap Au Gris. There the goods were loaded ou 
wagons, which made but slow progress, as men 
went in advance in order to chop a road through 
the dense forest. Mr. Wehde had already con- 
structed a log cabin on his farm, and as he had but 
four acres of the entire three hundred cleared, he 
had a task, indeed, before hira. He was of that 
mettle, however, which could not be discouraged 
b}' difticulties, and when a few years had rolled by, 
though he had endured untold hardships, he found 
himself in possession of eight hundred and forty 
acres of valuable and improved land. He was 
called to his final rest Januaiy 14, 1876. His wife. 

also a native of Hanover, is still living, and is now 
making her home with our subject. She was a 
wortliy helpmate to her iuisbaud, and much of llie 
credit of his success is due to that fact. Though 
now in her eightieth year, she is still active, hale 
and hearty, and would be readily taken for fifteen 
years or more younger than she really is. 

Henry Wehde passed his boyhood on hisfatiier's 
farm and received common-scliool advantages. 
After finisliinghis education he remained at home, 
giving his assistance in tiie management of the 
farm. His father died when he was only twenty' 
years of age, and it became necessary for him to 
assume entire control of the home farm. Septem- 
ber 1, 1881, he married Willielmina C, one of the 
five children of Henry and Angela (Dicknian) 
Clay. The others are Lizzie, Frank, Maggie and 
John. To Mr. and Mrs. Wehde have been born 
seven children, who are remarkably bright and a 
credit to their parents, llenrj-, the eldest, is now 
thirteen ^-ears of age. while the baby, Theresa, is an 
infant of seven months. The other children are 
Hannah, Celia, Caroline, Frank and Rosa. 

A man of advanced ideas, Mr. Wehde is a practi- 
cal agriculturist, and in addition to general farm- 
ing is mucli interested in stock-raising. Politi- 
cally he is an ally of the Democratic party. He 
and his good wife are members of tlie Caliiolic 
Church. We are well pleased to give thein a con- 
spicuous place among the representative families 
of the county, for they well deserve such honor. 





oldest living settlers of Warren County, and 
lias been prominently identilied witli its his- 
tory since an early day. From 1884 to 1888 
he held the office of Public Administrator, and was 
elected to the position of County Judge for the 
Northern District of Warren County in tlie fall of 
1894. W"hile serving in a public capacity his ca- 
reer has been marked by a high sense of justice, 
fidelity to his constituents, and zeal in carrying out 



his views. His life occupatioa lias been mainlj' that 
of farming and dealing in stock. In 1876 he pur- 
chased from his brother a saw and grist mill, and 
also a carding factory, situated on section 26, Hick- 
or}- Grove Township, which he ran successfully 
until it burned, in 1881. He was the first person 
to introduce portable steam engines in this neigh- 

Andrew Blattner, the father, was born and grew 
to manhood in Switzerland, and for twenty-two 
years was employed in a calico print works, in 
which he was foreman for a part of that period. 
The birth of the .Judge also occurred in Switzer- 
land, August 27, 1831, and when a lad of twelve 
years he crossed the Atlantic with his father, 
and his mother, whose maiden name was Elizabeth 
Wehrle. The partj' landed in New Orleans in 
the fall of 1843, and at once proceeded to St. 
Louis, where tliey remained while the father and 
his eldest son were looking out for a permanent 
location. The latter purchased a tract of land 
comprising two hundred and forty acres on Hick- 
ory Grove Prairie. The other members of the 
family removed thither about Christmas, 1843, and 
continued to dwell on the homestead for many 
years. During the Civil War there were great 
disturbances in Missouri, and a guard had been 
placed in Andrew Blattner's barn in order to 
protect the stock from being taken by bush- 
whackers. A party of the latter had endeavored 
to enter the building, and were driven away bj' 
the men on duty. Mr. Blattner, hearing the shots, 
went out to see what was the trouble, and by a 
most unfortunate mistake was taken for a bush- 
whacker b}' the guard, who shot and instantl3- killed 
him. No blame was attached to anybody, .as the 
accident was unintentional and the result of the 
anxielj' caused by the existing circumstances. 

Tlie tliree children of Andrew and Elizabeth 
Blattner were all born in Switzerland. Frederick, 
tlie eldest, lived in St. Louis for several 3'ears, fol- 
lowing his trade as a ship-carpenter; but finally he 
came to this county and engaged in merchandising 
upon the place where his father's family first lo- 
cated. The Blattner Store, as it was called, was 
conducted there for about fifteen years. Subse- 
quently the proprietor removed to Foristell, and 

continued in the same business until his death, 
which occurred in the year 1888. He had mar- 
ried Miss Mary Ann Kellerhals, a native of Switzer- 
land, and to them were born two children, Ed- 
ward and Johanna, both now living. For his 
second companion Mr. Blattner married Miss Mary 
Wehrle, also of Switzerland, and by her he had 
the following children: Frederick, William, An- 
drew, Carrie, Lizzie and Sallie. 

The Judge's sister, Sophronia, was married be- 
fore leaving her native land to Rudolph Bolli- 
ger, who settled upon Hickory Grove Prairie at 
the same time as the Blattner family did. Of the 
eight children born to Mr. and Mrs. Boliiger, 
four are now living. Their eldest child, who was 
born in Switzerland, died soon after coming to the 
United States. Henry R. died in 1892, in this 
count}'. Lizzie, who married Ernst Kubusch, is 
now living in Warrenton. Charles married Lotta 
Lemming, and lives on the homestead in Hickory 
Grove Township. Frederick married Amelia West- 
ondorf, and lives north of Warrenton. Ernst, a 
farmer of St. Charles County, married a Miss Net- 

Judge Blattner before leaving Switzerland re- 
ceived good primary-school advantages, and had 
made fair progress in mathematics. He had small 
chances for obtaining an English education, as his 
father needed his assistance in improving his new 
farm; and thus he was forced to rely on his priv- 
ate reading, observation and experience. October 
29, 1852, he married Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob 
Leick, a native of Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany. Mrs. 
Blattner was born in Ohio, and at the time of her 
marriage was living in Elkhorn Township, this 
county. Twelve children came to bless this union. 
The eight sons are all living, and three of the 
four daughters survive. Christina, the eldest, died 
in infancy; Charles Andrew married Helen Cham- 
bers, a native of this county, by whom he had one 
child, and is now a resident of Denver, Colo.; 
Mary C. became the wife of Victor Strack, has five 
children, and is now living in Belleflower, Mont- 
gomery Count}', Bio.; Louis Henry, a merchant of 
Wright City, married Helena C. Diekroeger, a na- 
tive of this county, and they have one child, Ma- 
bel G.; Sophronia C. inariied George T. Riddle, a 



farmer of Montgomery County, and they have 
three children; William T., who operates the old 
Blattner homestead, married Maggie Wies, by whom 
he has three children; George J., a business man 
of Wright City, wedded Mary L. Bast, and has 
two children, Cathlene E. and (Tcorgie L.; August 
E. is a clerk with the firm of Blattner Bros., of 
AVright City; Jacob F. resides in St. Louis; Julia 
L. makes her home in Wright City; John F. lives 
with his parents, an<l is attending school, as is also 
the j'oungestof the family, Robert C. The mother 
of these children died in Se))tember, 1883, and 
later the Judge married Mrs. Anna Siegel, a na- 
tive of Germany, but whose home has been in this 
count}- for many years. 

During the late war our subject served as a 
private in a company- of Home Guards. .Socially 
he is identilied with the Masonic fraternit}-, belong- 
ing to Pauldingville Lodge No. 11, A. F. & A. M. 
His first Presidential Ixillot was cast for Buchanan, 
and at the next election he voted for Abraham 
Lincoln, since which time he has been a lo3'al Re- 
publican. Religiously he holds membersliip with 
the Evangelical Church. 

FREDRICK SCHNARRE, one of the exten- 
sive and prosperous farmers of Warren 
County, has long been a resident of Hick- 
ory Grove Township. His homestead is located 
on sections 25, 26, 35 and 36, township 46, range 
1 west, and consists of about eight hundred acres 
of finely improved land, all of which has been ac- 
quired by his industry and frugality'. Since set- 
tling here he has from time to time made valuable 
improvements on the place, the appearance of 
which reflects credit ni)on his energy and thrift. 

The eldest child of Eberhardt William and 
Mar}- Elizabeth Sclinarre, our subject was born in 
Wester Cappeln, Germany, May 12, 1833. In 
childhood he received a good education, and upon 
completing his studies he learned the carpenter's 
trade. In Seiitember, 1854, he set sail from Bremen 

for America in search of a new home for himself 
and for liis father's familj% who remained behind 
awaiting anxiously the tidings of his progress and 
success. After a voyage of two months he lauded 
in New Orleans and immediately proceeded on his 
way to St. Louis, where he found employment at 
his trade during the winter months. I n the spring 
of 1855 he went to St. Charles County and worked 
for William Hurst at Schluersburg about two weeks. 
Then going to Cappeln, he entered the employ of 
William H. Gerdcmann, who was formerly a resi- 
dent of the same part of Germany as himself. 

For a year Mr. Schnarre continued to reside in 
the vicinity of Cappeln, and during that time 
managed to send suflicient money to his parents to 
bring them and their six children to the United 
States. In the fall of 1855 they arrived safely and 
settled upon a rented farm in Charrelto Township, 
where they lived for a 3'ear and a-haif. In 1857 
our subject for the first time became the owner of 
land, as he then invested his earnings in two tracts 
of forty acres each, lying in Hickory Grove Town- 
ship. Upon one of these farms he is still living, 
having resided here for nearly four decades. His 
father and other members of the family came to 
live upon the farm in the fall of 1857, but the 
former died in July, 1858. 

Of the brothers and sisters of our subject, Mina 
married Casper Ellermann, formerly a farmer of 
St. Charles County, but now deceased; Ilenrj' J. 
married and settled in St. Charles County, where 
he died in 1893; Fredericka is the widow of Henry 
Schroer, formerlj' an agriculturist of St. ChaMes 
County; Lizzette is the wife of George Schroer, 
who operates a farm in Lincoln Count}^; Gcrhardt 
William is married and lives on a farm in Warren 
County; and Dina became the wife of Herman 
Schroer, who owns a farm in Lincoln County. 

The marriage of our subject was celebrated 
February 27, 1859, at which time Miss Mary Schroer 
became his wife. She was born in Germany, and 
in childhood accompanied her father, Gerliardt 
Schroer, to America, in 1836, settling in Femme 
Osage Township, St. Charles County, where she 
grew to womanhood. Two children have been 
born of her marriage, namelj': Lizzette, who became 
the wife of John Gerdemann, and resides upon 



the home farm; and Henry J., who also lives upon 
a part of the homestead. 

Although Mr. Schnarre has given a portion of 
his time to his trade since he east in his fortunes 
with the good people of Warren Countv, his prin- 
cipal occupation has been that of farming and 
stock-raising. His various enterprises and invest- 
ments have been almost uniformly prospered, and 
he ma3' well be proud of the fact that he is owner 
of one of the largest and best farms in this section 
of the state. Since casting his first vote for Abra- 
ham Lincoln, he has always been a loyal supporter 
of the Republican party. 


HENRY PETTIG. In order to obtain suc- 
cess in business it is required of a man 
that he possess sound discretion, acute 
perception and good judgment. Men who possess 
these qualities put their character into every work 
they maj- enter upon, and are among the most 
powerful agents in the progress of their commu- 
nity. It is of sucli a man that we write, a man 
who, although commencing life poor and without 
friends, has become well-to-do through the exercise 
of these traits of character. He is at present liv- 
ing in Truxton. and is the owner of a farm in this 

'Sir. Pettig was born in Lippe-Detmold, Ger- 
mauj-, November 9, 1859, and is the son of Henr}^ 
and Josie (Mentze) Pettig, also natives of that 
place. They set sail for America In 1861, but the 
father died while on the journey and was buried 
at sea. He was a young man at the time of his 
death, and while in Germany had been foreman in 
a large brick manufacturing concern. The mother 
landed in New Orleans without friends, with but 
little money, and two children dependent upon her. 
Her daughter, Maria, died after her arrival in this 
country, and a son, Fritz, had died in Germany. 

At once proceeding to Warrenton, Mo., Mrs. 
Pettig made her home three miles south of that 
city. Later she was married to William Mentze, 

also a native of Hanover, who came to the United 
States in 1857. They are still living, the mother 
at the age of fifty-seven years, and her husband 
aged sixty-eight. They are devoted members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and are highly 
regarded in their community. Mr. Mentze was 
for four years a soldier in the German arm}', and 
since becoming a resident of Missouri has followed 
farming with unusual success. Mr. and Mrs. Mentze 
are the parents of four children, namely: William, 
a farmer of Brown Count}', Kan.; August, simi- 
larly engaged in that count}'; Edward S., whose 
home is also in Brown Count}'; and Hannah, wife 
of Simon Winter, a resident of Lincoln Coun- 
ty, Mo. 

Until fourteen years of age our subject remained 
with his step-father, after which for two years he 
was employed by farmers of the neighborhood. 
Then going to Kruegerville, he started to learn the 
trade of a carpenter, and in 1878 we find him work- 
ing in the mill of Henry Wehrmanu. Although 
little more than a boy, he learned the business 
thoroughly and remained with that gentleman for 
eight years, giving perfect satisfaction to his em- 
ployers. At the end uf that time he was ready to 
engage in business on his own account, and, pur- 
chasing an old stone mill, he remodeled the build- 
ing, putting in full roller process, and engaging 
in its operation for some time with success. 

Later removing to Truxton, Mr. Pettig, in com- 
pany with Mr. Koelling, bought a mill at that place, 
putting in the latest improvements in the way 
of machinery, and making it one of the best mills 
in the county. March 10, 1891, our subject sold 
his interest in the business to his partner, and has 
ever since given his attention to farming, in addi- 
tion to operating a sawmill on Cuivre Creek. His 
farm is situated in this county, near the city of 
Truxton, and contains one hundred and ten acres. 

The lady whom Mr. Pettig married in 1884 was 
Mary, daughter of William Niemeyer, a native of 
Montgomery County. Mr. Niemeyer was born in 
Lippe-Detmold, Germany, and died September 10, 
1875. To Mr. and Mrs. Pettig there have been 
born five children, who are living: Edward, Julia, 
Amelia, Florence and Oscar. The parents are mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics 



Mr. Peltig is a stanch member of the Republican 
party, and on that ticl<et has been elected Road 
Overseer, and to otlicr positions of importance in 
his townsliip. He is a representative farmer, and 
his well merited success has caused him to be 
classed among the substantial agriculturists of tiie 






e n. MITTLER, one of the sub- 
stantial business men of Marthasville, has 
for a number of 3'ears engaged in conduct- 
ing the Merrimac Hotel, which is well and favor- 
ably known to all travelers in this locality. For 
about a quarter of a century the genial proprietor 
of this po|)ular hotel has been identified with the 
welfare of this place, and in every way he has 
striven to advance the interests of the town. Al- 
though a stanch Republican in politics and an act- 
ive worker in the ranks of the party, he has never 
been an aspirant for otHcial honors, having pre- 
ferred to devote his attention exclusive)}' to his 
business affairs. 

Charles H. Mtttler was born in this county, .Sep- 
tember 6, 1839, and is the second in the family of 
John and Mary (Berg) Mittler, natives of Ger- 
many, who came to America at a very early day. 
His father came to the United States with his par- 
ents, and followed his trade, tliat of tailoring, in 
St. Louis for some 3'ears. Later he engaged in 
farming in Warren County, while at the same time 
he worked to some extent at his trade. His good 
wife is still living at the venerable age of eighty- 
six years (1895). 

In the days of our subject's boyhood schools 
were very scarce, and the educational privileges of 
the young were extremely meager. He is entirely 
self-educated, but has made the most of liis oppor- 
tunities, and through his own efforts has become 
well informed. In 1861 he answered to his coun- 
trj^'s call for defenders by enlisting in Company 
F, Fifth Missouri Cavalry, under General Sigel. 
For more than a year he was in active service. 

taking part in the battle of Pea Ridge and the 
many engagements of the Arkansas campaign. In 
18G5 he was discharged at St. Louis, on account of 

Returning from the South, Mr. Mittler followed 
farming on the old homestead for two years, and 
then went to Newport, Mo., where he built a saw- 
mill. At the end of six months he severed his 
connection with the milling business, and returned 
to farm work, which occupation he followed for 
four years. In 1870 he came to Marthasville, and 
embarked in the hotel and saloon business. After 
a few years he closed his saloon, but has continued 
to operate the hotel up to the present time. 

June 1, 1865, occurred the marriage of Charles 
H. Mittler and Miss Margaret Wall, who was born 
in St. Louis, Mo. Her parents, Gerhard and F^liz- 
abeth (llenckle) Wall, were natives of Germany, 
but came to AVarren County in an early day. To 
the union of Mr. and iMrs. Mittler have been born 
four sons and two daughters, namely: John, who 
is a salesman in St. Louis; George, also a resident 
of that city; Julius, who is clerk in a grocery 
in St. Louis; Alvina, wife of Theodore Kuekcr, a 
prominent merchant and the present Postmaster at 
Marthasville; and Ida and Otto, who are at home 
with their parents. 

Socially Mr. Mittler is a member of the Grand 
Army of the Republic. He and his wife are not 
identified with any denomination, but usually at- 
tend the Presbyterian Church. Among their nu- 
merous patrons and customers they have many 
warm friends, who liud it a matter of congratula- 
tion to be entertained at the Merrimac, and who 
leave its hospitable doors with regret. 

•^i^^^^^^i^'^JigC ^^^K'ffly^^"^^!tc^'3l^'^fc-'3{tC^yiT. 

RUDOLPH F. STRAUBE is a worthy repre- 
sentative of the German -American citi- 
zens who have been prominent in the 
development of Warren County, and who have 
been active factors in achieving for it its present 
condition of prosperity. He is the owner of a 
well improved homestead, situated one mile west 



of Wright Cit}', and here he has made his place of 
abode for nearly eight 3ears. 

Born in Berlin, Prussia, March 9, 1841, our sub- 
ject was brought to America b^' his parents when 
onlj^ four j-ears of age. His father, Louis Straube, 
was a gilder of mouldings and picture frames, 
which trade lie had learned in Germany. Settling 
in New Orleans, he remained in that city for two 
years, after which lie proceeded up the Mississippi 
River to St. Louis, and there made a permanent 
liome. He continued working at his trade until 
shortly before his death, which occurred in 1856. 
His wife, Amelia Koehler, was a native of Finster- 
walde, Prussia, and their marriage was celebrated 
there. To their union were born seven children, 
four sons and three daughters. Of tliese Matilda, 
who married Adelbert Loher, now deceased, is a 
resident of St. Louis; Bertha became the wife of 
Charles Doerger, of Ste. Genevieve Count}', Mo.; 
Theodore died in 1854; Rudolph F. is the next in 
order of birth; Emily married Gustave Schoetz, 
and both died in 1865, in St. Louis; Louis G. A., 
a jjrinter by trade, is an inhabitant of Los iVngeles, 
Cal.; and Herman died in infanc}'. The mother of 
these children passed from this life while living in 
St. Louis, in 1849. 

Rudolph F. Straube attended the public schools 
of St. Louis regularly until 1855. When fourteen 
years old he commenced learning the printer's 
trade, and for five j-ears of this time attended 
niglit school. His apprenticeship was served in 
tlie St. Louis Ohristian Advocate office. With the 
exception of six weeks, when the office was closed 
by the Provost-Marshal during the war, Mr. 
Straube worked at his case for seventeen years 
uninterruptedly. In 1871 his physician advised 
him to remove into the country on account of his 
health. Going to Osage County, Mo., he operated 
a farm for six years, afterward, in 1877, coming to 
tliis county. His first location here was upon a 
farm four miles north of Warrenton, and this he 
cultivated for some eight years. In the spring of 
1887 he came to liis present home, and has since de- 
voted himself to the improvement and cultivation 
of the place. 

During the war I\Ir. Straube served as a member 
of the Home Guards of St. Louis, and in 1865 was 

on duty in this state as a pursuer of General 
Price. On reaching his majority he cast his first 
vote for George B. MacClellan, and is a stalwart 
supporter of the Democracy. 

February 8, 1865, Mr. Straube married Julia, 
daughter of Emil Teschemacher. The latter was 
born in Prussia and emigrated to the United 
States in his young manhood. By trade he was a 
lithographer, but during his last years he gave 
his time entirely to merchandising. While living 
in Louisville, K}'., he married Catherine Rothert, 
also a native of Hanover, Germany, and still liv- 
ing. His death occurred in 1889, while he was 
living in St. Louis. Mrs. Straube was educated in 
Louisville, and is a lady who possesses many ami- 
able and worthy qualities. She and lier husband 
have had seven children born to them, four girls 
and three boys. Dollie died at the age of four 
years. Poncot L. also died at the age of four. 
Those living are: Matilda H., Hattie M. and Ger- 
tie v., all residing at home; Herbert C, learning a 
business in St. Louis; and Hugo, also in St. Louis. 


»{««j»«^*{*»^*^«|»*^*^»^»|*y > | «i |nj"| » 


HENRY H. BOENKER has for nearly forty 
jears been identified with the develop- 
ment of St. Charles Count}'. He was 
born on the farm which he now owns and carries 
on, July 11, 1857. In addition to his farm work 
he runs a large threshing-machine, and from this 
source derives a fair income. He is also the in- 
ventor of the Boenker Grain Weigher, which is 
manufactured at Bloomington, 111. He is tlie sole 
patentee and proprietor of tliis machine, which is 
receiving considerable notice and bids fair to make 
the owner wealthy. For the period of one year 
our subject served as School Director in this dis- 
trict, but with this exception has never served in 
an official capacity, as he prefers to give his whole 
attention to his business affairs. 

The parents of our subject were Herman Die- 




drich and Margaret (Esselmann) Boenker, natives 
of Mentzlager, Hanover, Gerriiany. In 1851 the 
father came alone to America, and continued his 
journey direct to this county. Arriviiig here, lie 
rented a small farm in this townshij), south of the 
Salt River road. Here he was married to the lady 
just mentioned in 1853. Their eldest child, Mary, 
born in 1855, became the wife of George Schone, 
who is employed in the St. Charles car shops. 
Henry H. is the second of the famil}'. Annie, born 
in 1860, married Frederick Huelskamper, a carpen- 
ter by trade, and a resident of St. Charles. Au- 
gust, who was born in 1862, died at the home of 
our subject in 1881. Minnie, who was born in 
1865, became the wife of Louis Nolle, a tinware 
merchant of St. Charles. These children were all 
educated in the schools of this township, and in 
those of the cit}' of St. Charles. After living on 
the farm previously mentioned, the parents bought 
forty acres of timbered land, a portion of our sub- 
ject's farm. After clearing and improving this 
property the father invested in more land, until 
he was the owner of seventy-six acres. In August, 
1864, while trying to catch a horse, he was so 
severely kicked that death resulted. About two 
years later his widow married William Hoclscher, 
who died in 1870, and in 1871 Mrs. Iloelscher mar- 
ried Arnold Hesskamp. a native of Germany. He 
died in 1890, after which she went to live with 
her daughter, Mrs. Nolle, in St. Charles. 

September 4, 1881, our subject was united in 
marriage with Miss Julia Sandford, who was born 
in this county, November 22, 1861. Her parents, 
Herman Diedrich and Maiy (Zumbehl) Sandford, 
both natives of Gerrnanj^, are still living on their 
farm, which is situated near that of our subject. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Boenker have been born the fol- 
lowing children: Benton, born August 22, 1882; 
Oliver, December 19, 1883; Edwin, April 4, 1886; 
Oscar, July 7, 1889; Alfred, July 28, 1891; and 
Justin, February 28, 1894. 

After his marriage Mr. Boenker bought the old 
home farm from the other heirs, and has since con- 
tinued to make his home thereon. He is a prac- 
tical, industrious farmer, who is always relied upon 
to advance any measures for the improvement and 
upbuilding of this community. Politically he uses 

his right of franchise in favor of the Republican 
party. He and his wife are members of the Ger- 
man Lutheran Church of St. Charles, and are well 
known for tlieir upright, lionorable lives. 

HON. HENRY F. PIEPER, Presiding Judge 
of St. Charles County, is one of the na- 
tive-liorn sons of this county who have 
maintained tju^ deepest interest in its progress 
and contributed to the development of its re- 
sources. The family is of German origin. His 
parents, Henry and Mary Gertrude Pieper, crossed 
the ocean from Hanover, and stoi)ped in St. Louis 
for a short time. Afterward they removed to this 
county and bought farming hiiid near St. Peter's, 
where the father cleared and improved a valuable 
estate. Such was his industry and perseverance 
thai he ultimately acquired a competence, and at 
the time of his death, in 1856, was one of the most 
prosperous and prominent farmers of the locality- 
He was a man whose upright conduct and fidelity 
in every relation of life won for him the esteem 
of his acquaintances, and his death was mourned 
by all who knew him. 

The subject of this sketch was born August 3, 
1840. His boyhood days were spent on the home 
farm, which he aided in clearing and cultivating. 
As oi)portunity afforded, he attended the neigh- 
boring district schools. Not caring to follow for 
his life work the occupation of an agriculturist, he 
came to St. Charles at the age of eighteen years, 
and at once entered upon an apprenticeship to the 
carpenter's trade, in which capacity he worked for 
three years. He then worked as a journeyman 
carpenter, and in 1861 secured employment on the 
Government barracks in St. Louis, where he worked 
until they were completed. 

Shortly after his return to St. Charles, Mr. Pieper 
enlisted in the Home Guards (Union service), re- 
cruited for home protection. After the expiration 
of his term of service with the Guards, he formed 
a partnership with H. B. Denker in the mercantile 
business, the firm name being Denker <fe Pieper. 



At other times later on he was in partnership with 
several different men, and wasalsoat various times 
engaged in the i^rain and grocery business. In 
1868 John H. Gruer became his partner in the 
grocerj' trade, and their connection continued 
under the name oC Piejier & Co. for several j^ears, 
the firm being one of the most successful and ex- 
tensive in St. Charles. 

Aside from his business interests, our subject 
became known through his service in official ca- 
pacities. From 1867 to 1872 he served as City 
Treasurer, and in 1878 he was elected County 
Treasurer, in which responsible position he rend- 
ered efficient service for six years. The fact that 
he was repeatedly re-elected to positions of trust 
proves better than mere words his ability and the 
confidence reposed in him by the people. From 
1889 to 1890 he was Associate Judge from tlie 
Eastern District, in 1891 was elected Presiding 
Judge, and was re-elected in 1894 for the follow- 
ing four years. When the Union Savings Bank 
was organized in 1870, he became a Director, was 
for a number of j'ears Vice-President, and upon 
the death of Ezra Overhall, in 1893, he was elected 
President of that institution. He is also Treasurer 
and a Director of the St. Charles Mutual Fire In- 
surance Company. 

The marriage of Mr. Pieper, occurring in the 
spring of 1868, imited him with Miss Caroline, 
a daughter of Joseph Boschert, formerlj^ of St. 
Charles County, but now deceased. The family 
of Judge and Mrs. Pieper consists of two children, 
Henry A. and Celia. The Judge is a communicant 
of the Catholic Church, and devotedly attached to 
that religious faith. In politics he is a Repub- 
lican, and invariably votes for the candidates of 
his party. As a citizen he is progressive, able and 
honorable, and his record is blameless, both in pri- 
vate life and as a public official. 

ing on a farm near St. Peter's, in town- 
ship 47, range 4, St. Charles County, was 
born in Alsace, France, July 23, 1845. He has 

been a life-long agriculturist, as was his father be- 
fore him. In every detail of farm life he is thor- 
oughly practical, and the neat appearance of his 
place bears testimony to the thrift and industry of 
the owner. 

Our subject is the sou of Benedict and Margaret 
Heinzelmann, who were also natives of Alsace, 
France. The father was born March 19, 1801, 
while his wife's birtli occurred October 20 of the 
year following. For a number of j'ears Benedict 
Heinzelmann operated a farm in his native land, 
but m middle life decided to try his fortunes in 
the New World. In May, 1850, he set sail for 
America, coming direct to St. Charles, and after 
two weeks spent in that city he removed to this 
township and rented a farm near the one which is 
now owned by our subject. This place, compris- 
ing eighty-two acres, he afterward purchased, and 
later bought ninety-four acres of prairie land to 
the north. He continued to improve and develop 
his farm until his death, which occurred Jannar3' 
13, 1865. His wife survived him some ten years, 
d^'ing May 4, 1875. Their eight children were 
all born in Fi'ance. Mary, the eldest, died in St. 
Charles in Maj^, 1850, during the first week of the 
family's residence in this county. She was then 
only twenty-four years of age. The eldest son, 
Peter, died on the farm where our subject now re- 
sides in 1854, being in his twenty-seventh year at 
the time of his demise. Tony, born in 1832, mar- 
ried Miss Mary Muchdah, a native of France, and 
is now engaged in agricultural pursuits near Ne- 
braska City, Neb. Barbara married Louis Meyer, 
a carpenter by trade, and their home is now in 
Lincoln, Neb. Margaret has been twice married, 
her first husband having been Heniy Sheede, who 
died in 1867. Later she became the wife of Her- 
man Wohlman, a blacksmith of St. Peter's. The 
sixth of the family' was Michael, who died in in- 
fancy, as did also the next child, and thej'oungest 
of the family is the subject of this biography. 

Until the death of his father, Michael continued 
to live on the old homestead and assisted in the 
management of the place. He then bought his 
present farm of eighty-two acres from the estate, 
and has continued to cultivate and improve the 
farm ever since. In his political views he is a Re- 



publican, and discharges his -duties as a citizen 
with fidelity. 

September 3, 1873, occurred the marriage of our 
subject and Sophia Slioultz, whose death occurred 
February 26, 1876. They had two children: Jo- 
sephine, born September 17, 1874, and now living 
with her father; and Eddie, who died when only 
three days old. February 4, 1878, Mr. IlcinzeU 
maun married Mary, daughter of Riclv and Nettie 
(Petenprior) Kirchofif, both natives of Germany. 
By this union were born nine children: Agnes 
and Albert, who died in infancy'; Jacob, born July 
28, 1881; Alphonse, May 8, 1883; Alma, October 
26,1884; Mary, September 26, 1886; Michael, July 
25. 1888; Leo, September 1, 1890; and Clara, 
Marcli 17, 1894. The children have all received 
good school advantages in St. Peter's and are be- 
ing reared to lives of usefulness in this commu- 
nity. Mr. and Mrs. Heinzelmann are members of 
the Catholic Church of this place. They are highly 
respected by all who know them, and occupy an 
enviable place in the affections of their numerous 
acquaintances, neighbors and friends. 




0HARLES RECHTERN, President of the 
Rechtern Dry Goods Company of St. 
Charles, is at the head of the largest mer- 
cantile establishment of this city, and is recognized 
as one of the most etticient and successful business 
men of this part of the state. The store building 
which the linn occupies was erected in 1883, and 
is stocked with a full and varied assortment of 
everything in their line, including the latest styles 
in cloth, laces, boots and shoes, etc. The enviable 
reputation enjoyed by the linn is due almost en- 
tirely to the skillful management, cautious judg- 
ment and indefatigable perseverance of Mr. Rech- 

The birth of our subject occurred near Bremen, 
Prussia, Germany, M.ay 14, 1845. His parents, 
Henry and Charlotte (Haveker) Rechtern, were 
both natives of Germany, where their marriage was 
solemnized in 1835. They continued to make 

their home in Prussia, where in 1885 they cele- 
brated their golden wedding. The father was for 
man}' years employed as County Clerk in Achim, 
Germany, where his death occurred at the age of 
ninety years. Their family consisted of si.\ chil- 
dren, namely: John, Henry, Emil, Anna, Charles 
and Ilenriette. Four of the family are still liv- 
ing. The}' were the recipients of excellent educa- 
tional advantages, as their father was a man of 
means, and one who aided his children in every 
possible way toward getting a start in life. 

In Prussia our subject took both a general 
course in the German branches and the sciences, 
and a thorough classical course. At the age of 
eighteen years he came to America, in 1863, and 
first settled in Belleville, 111., where he secured a 
situation as clerk in a store. From there he went 
to St. Louis, where he was salesman in a wholesale 
house until 1867. lie then resigned and engaged 
in business for himself at East St. Louis, III., where 
he opened a dry-goods and clothing store. After 
two years in that city, he sold out and came to St. 
Charles, where he has since resided. 

November 4, 1869, Mr. Rechtern was united in 
marriage with Miss Ellen, daughter of A'alentine 
and Adeline (Denny) Becker, natives of Germany. 
Her father, who was born June 16, 1816, came to 
America in 1841, and engaged in the brewery busi- 
ness in St. Louis until 1844. He then came to St. 
Charles, where he engaged in business and became 
very prominent. Mrs. Rechtern was the only 
daughter of her parents, and two brothers, 
Benjamin Franklin (our subject's partner) and 
Valentine U. 

After his niarri;ige Mr. Rechtern formed a part- 
nership in business with his father-in-law, Valen- 
tine Becker, with whom he continued until 1873, 
when Mr. Becker retired from the firm and was 
succeeded by his son, Benjamin F. In 1883 the 
Rechtern Dry Goods Company was organized, 
under which name the business has since been 
conducted. Mr. Rechtern is a capable, energetic 
and popular business man, and has gained success 
by his unaided energy and business ability. 

Five children have been born to the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Rechtern, namely: William 11., .\dele, 
Blanche, Charles E. and Ellen. The children have 



received the best educational advantages afforded 
by the scliools of this section of the state, having 
attended the Linden wood College, Sacred Heart 
Convent, St. Charles College and Toensfeld's Col- 
lege of St. Louis. The family is one of the most 
prominent in St. Charles, and its members are re- 
spected wherever known. In religion Mr. Rech- 
tern is a Lutheran, while his wife belongs to the 
Catholic Church. Politically he has always voted 
the Republican ticket, but has not been actively 
identified with public affairs, preferring to devote 
his attention enlirel.y to the demands of bis busi- 
ness. He and his wife celebrated their silver wed- 
ding on the 4th of November, 1894, at which time 
they were the recipients of numerous remembrances 
of the occasion, as well as the best wishes of their 
friends for many years of continued happiness. 


JAMES L. EDELEN, of township 47, range 7, 
has lived in St. Charles County since 1859. 
He has many interesting reminiscences of life 
in the West in early days, when wild game 
was so abundant on these prairies that it was noth- 
ing unusual to go out before breakfast and shoot 
three or four deer. 

The birth of our subject occurred in Prince 
George's County, Md., March 16, 1824. His par- 
ents were Aloysiusand Myra (Mudd) Edelen. The 
family circle included three sons and Ave daugh- 
ters. Louise, the only one besides our subject now 
living, resides with him. She has been three times 
married (being now the wife of Zimri Beck), and 
has two living children. Aloysius Edelen came on 
a prospecting tour to this state in 1835, arriving in 
St. Louis May 8. At that time he could have 
bought land in desirable localities for $7 an acre. 
He remained for a year on a rented farm in Pike 
County, and from there removed to Lincoln Coun- 
ty, where he bought three hundred and twenty 
acres. To this he afterward added one hundred 
and sixty acres, which he- entered as a homestead, 
and also an eightj'-acre claim, which he bought 

from a man who had previously taken it up from 
the Government. His death occurred in 1853, at 
the age of fifty-six 3'ears. After tlie demise of his 
first wife, in her fort3'-seventh j'ear, he wedded 
Miss Elenor Kirley, who bore him four children. 
Virginia, the only survivor of the family, is the 
wife of Frank Kirkpatrick, of St. Charles. 

James L. Edelen was reared under the parental 
roof, and, as his father had plenty of slaves in his 
boyhood daj's, his time was passed in play and in 
attending the common schools. Until he had passed 
his twent3'-tirst birthday he was never required to 
do a day's work, but when it became necessary 
he did not falter, but accomplished whatever he 
undertook. On New Year's Da}^, 1849, he mar- 
ried Catherine, daughter of James and Elizabeth 
(Jaynes) Mudd. Mrs. Edelen is one of twelve 
children, of whom six others survive, namely: 
Samuel, Nicholas, Patrick, Robert, Linton and Sid- 
ney. Robert is a practicing ph3'sician in St. Charles. 
The year before his marriage our subject bought 
a piece of land, some eighty acres, to which he 
removed to begin housekeeping with his bride. 
There the}- remained for two years, at the end of 
which time Mr. Edelen sold out and invested the 
sum realized therefrom in a farm of three hundred 
and twenty acres. This place he operated for five 
years, and then disposed of it to good advantage. 
In 1859 he removed to St. Charles County, where 
he has since made his home. 

To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Edelen were born 
twelve children, as follows: James and Horace, de- 
ceased; Anna S., who married C. G. McKnight, and 
has three children; Catherine O., wife of William 
Stonebraker. by whom she has two children; James 
A., who married Miss Jennie Mudd,, and has two 
children; Alonzo, who wedded Miss Annie Meyer, 
and is the father of five children; William, de- 
ceased; Norman; Florence, wife of A. N. Bullitt, 
and the mother of two children; Oakley, who mar- 
ried Miss Cecila Carroll, and has one child; and 
Clarence and Clara (twins), both deceased. 

Both our worth}^ subject and his wife came from 
families who have in most instances been noted for 
their longevity. The grandparents of Mr. Ed- 
elen on his father's side, Joseph and Alsey Edelen, 
of St. George's County, Md., lived to be ninety 



and seveuty-Hve years of age, respectively. The 
maternal grandparents of Mrs. Edelen, Thomas and 
AUie Jayncs, reached the ages of eighty and fifty 
years respectively. Her fatlier, James Mudd, ar- 
rived at the very old age of ninety-si.K years. Mr. 
and Mrs. Edelen have lived lives of temperance 
and usefulness, and though well advanced in years, 
are wonderfully well preserved, being still active 
both ill hody and mind. Politically Mr. Edelen 
is identiliid with the Democratic party. 




(^r^ LPHONSE AYMOND is an example of 
r — \ what a man may accomplish providing 
he possesses good natural ability and is 
industrious and persevering in his efforts to suc- 
ceed. For over twenty years he has been a resi- 
dent of St. Charles, where, in a business way, he 
commenced at the bottom round of the ladder, and 
has gradually worked his way upward. In 1886 
he was made Secretary of the St. Ciiarles Car Com- 
pany, with which he has been connected in one 
caiiacity or anotlier for some two decades. The 
wisdom of his employers in electing him to this 
responsible position has been amply shown by the 
zeal and ability ho has manifested in his discharge 
of the arduous duties pertaining to the place. 

Mr. Aymond was born in St. Louis, Mo., July 
20, 1850, being a son of Francis and Anne (Cuny) 
Aymond. He was reared and educated in his 
native city, pursuing his studies in the public 
schools until he was twelve years of age, after 
which he spent two years in a select school and a 
year in a commercial college. The next two years 
were passed in clerking in a general store, and 
then for three years he worked as a bookkeeper 
for a commission house. A desire for adventure 
and travel is inherent in most boys of spirit, and 
about this time he yielded to his wishes in this di- 
rection and started for Dakota, then considered 
the ultima thule. Securing a position as clerk on 
a steamboat which was plying the Red River of 
the Nortli, he started on his journey tiirough the 

North and West, and passed the next two years 
on the frontier. Returning then to his native 
city, a year later he went on a prospecting tour to 
Florida, and there roamed about for another year. 

Once more returning to St. Louis, Mr. Aymond 
at last found himself obliged to settle down and 
begin the serious business of life. He secured a 
position in the car shops of this place as a com- 
mon laborer, but was not daunted by the prospect, 
and soon the natural talents of which he was pos- 
sessed became evident to his employers. They im- 
mediately took him out of the shops and gave him 
a position as assistant bookkeeper. Since then he 
has grown and prospered with this extensive busi- 
ness, and, as previously mentioned, has been rap- 
idly promoted, until for the p.ast eight years he has 
served as Secretary. In every sense of the word 
he is a self-made man, and has acquired success in 
much less time than is necessary for most men to 
reach the goal of their ambition. He is strictly 
honorable and reliable in all business affairs, and 
bears a high reputation for his commercial ability. 

Always a great admirer of fast horses, Mr. Ay- 
mond secured some fine specimens several years 
ago, and now owns a number of celebrated trot- 
ters, among which is the noted stallion, "Wilkes- 
mont." He reseives tiiC right of voting for the 
man he considers best qualified for public and offi- 
cial position, and is not bound by any party ties- 


BEN L. EMMONS, of St. Charles, comes 
from one of the most illustrious families 
of Missouri, and one identified with the 
early history of the state. For the past ten years 
he has been engaged in conducting a general in- 
surance and real-estate business, in both of which 
lines he has been very successful. He is a stalwart 
supporter of the Republican party, and discharges 
every duty devolving upon him as a good citizen 
with conscientious fidelity. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject, Benja- 
min Emmons, Sr., was a native of Schuylersville, 
N. Y., his birth having occurred in 1757. His fa^ 



ther, also Benjamin E., was born in eastern Ver- 
mont, very early in the eigliteenth century, and 
removed from the Green Mountain State to Schuy- 
lersville, N. Y., about 1722. Some six years later 
he erected a one-story house, which is still stand- 
ing and is owned by the English family. This 
Benjamin Emmons, the great-grandfather of our 
subject, was a member of the Provisional Govern- 
ment of New York, and was a participant in the 
War of the Revolution. He was also instrumental 
in building a canal. In 1803 he started with his 
family for Missouri, but died on tlie way, presum- 
ably in Ohio, where it is supposed he was buried. 
His wife proceeded on the westward journey with 
the family, and died in St. Charles. Benjamin 
Emmons, son of tiie above, was born, as before 
stated, in New York, and after his father's death 
continued westward to this county, settling first 
near Cottleville, in Dardenne Township. A few 
years later he came to St. Charles, where he kept 
a hotel and also served as Justice of the Peace. 
When the Constitutional Convention met in St. 
Louis in 1820 Mr. Emmons was chosen by the cit- 
izens of this county to serve as tlieir representa- 
tive. He was also elected to the first Legislature, 
and after several terms spent in the Lower House 
he was elected to the State Senate, being re-elected 
to the same position after serving for one term. 
During the cholera scourge of 1832 Mr. Em- 
mons, though an old man of seventy-five years, 
volunteered as a hospital nurse, and worked both 
night and day to relieve the sufferings of those 
afflicted with the dread disease. His death oc- 
curred in St. Charles in 1843, at the advanced age 
of eighty-six j'ears. 

Benjamin Erainons, the gentleman of whom we 
have just spoken, married Philomena English, a 
native of Vermont, her father, Richard English, 
being a descendant of a family who came to 
America in Colonial days. The first ancestor 
of the Englisli famil}' of whom anything definite 
is known is one David English, of Essex Countj^, 
England. His son Richard, born in 1690, came to 
America in 1710 in the ship "Swallow," which 
landed at Newport, R. I. To him was born a son, 
John, who became the father of Richard English, 
our subject's great-grandfather. The two children 

born of the union of Benjamin Emmons and Philo- 
mena English were Daphne and Col. Benjamin, fa- 
ther of our subject. The daughter first married 
Robert McCloud, who was the first editor of the St. 
Charles Missourian. After that gentleman's death 
Mrs. McCloud became the wife of Alonzo Robin- 
son, a school teacher, who removed to California, 
where he died. 

Col. Benjamin Emmons was born in 1810, and 
grew to manhood in this county. In 1835 he was 
appointed Deputy under Col. Ludwell E. Powell, 
who held the combined offices of Circuit Clerk, 
Probate Clerk, County Clerk and Recorder. In 
1848 Mr. Emmons succeeded him and filled the 
office for many 3-ears, to the full satisfaction of 
his constituents. During liis long service as Clerk 
he became exceedingly well versed in the statutory 
law of Missouri, and well posted on the decisions 
of the Supreme Court. In the year last mentioned 
he was a candidate for the position of Secretary of 
State on the Whig ticket. During the war he was 
made Colonel and Provost-Marshal of the Twenty- 
seventh Enrolled Missouri Militia, and ardently 
supported the Union. After the war he was ap- 
pointed United States Assessor for the Fourth Mis- 
souri District, following which he practiced law in 
St. Louis in company with John C. Orrick. Later 
he became a member of the firm of Wagner, Dyer & 
Emmons. While in St. Louis he assisted in the 
prosecution of the "whiskey ring," and was one 
of the leading attorneys in the Scheme and Char- 
ter cases in St. Louis. The Colonel also repre- 
sented St. Louis County in the division of St. 
Louis City from the county, after the adoption 
of the scheme and charter by St. Louis City. In 
the famous mining cases from Leadville, Colo., 
Colonel Emmons was counsel for Senator Tabor 
and his colleagues, Messrs. Hunter and Trimble. 
The briefs which he prepared in this case were 
highly complimented by the Judges o-f the United 
States Supreme Court, before whom it was tried, 
and they declared tliem to be the best exposition 
of mining survey and mining law that had ever 
come before them. In the year 1881 the Colonel 
was appointed Postmaster of St. Charles, which 
office he held until he resigned to take upon him- 
self the duties of Circuit Clerk, to which he had 



been elected in Novembei-, 1882. This position 
he contiuued to fill until his death, which oc- 
curred August 31, 1885, in Leadville, whither he 
had Sfone on account of failing health. At the 
first term of court after the Colonel's death Judge 
W. W. Edwards delivered a touching memorial 
eulogy of the deceased before the St. Charles 
County Bar. 

November 24, 1852, Colonel Eramons was united 
in marriage with ]Miss Julia Chauvin, daughter of 
Lafranier J. Chauvin. (An account of the Chauvin 
family is found on another page of this volume, in 
the sketch of Charles]}. Chauvin.) Of this union 
five children were born, of whom Ben L., the sub- 
ject of this narrative, is the only one now living. 
He was born in St. Charles, November 27, 1861, 
and secured his early education in the public 
schools of this city. When thirteen years of age 
he entered the St. Louis Universit3', from which 
he was graduated in 1879. The year following 
his graduation he was employed in the St. Louis 
dry-goods house of J. cfe T. Swallow. Returning 
then to St. Charles, he obtained employment with 
the St. Charles Car Company, with which concern 
he was identified until January, 1883. In Febru- 
ary of that year he went to Colorado and served 
as Registry Clerk in the Leadville postolBce until 
July, 1884, when he resigned on account of ill 
health. The same j'ear he entered the law office 
of Senator Theodore Bruere, where his lime and 
attention have since been given to insurance and 
real-estate transactions. 

In May, 1883, Mr. Emmons married Miss Annie 
E., daughter of J. F. and Matilda (Kirkpatrick) 
Mudd, natives of Maryland and Missouri, respect- 
ively. The grandfather of Mrs. Emmons, Wallace 
Kirkpatrick, was one of the first settlers of this 
count}, whither he came in 1796. The old house 
in which he lived is still standing on the corner of 
Main and Tompkins Streets. Near it was the 
home of Benjamin P^mmons, and the two pioneers 
were leaders of local religious factions, the former 
of the Catholic, and the latter of the Protestant, 
element. Mrs. Emmons was born in St. Charles 
and received her education in St. Vincent's Sem- 
inarj' in St. Louis. 

Seven children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 

Emmons. They arc all living, and are as follows: 
Ben J., Margaret, Chauvin, Feli.x, Matilda, Julia 
and Shepard. The parents are both menibcrs of 
the Catholic Church. Mr. Emmons is connected 
with Branch No. 86, C. K. of A. He is at present 
Deputy Clerk of St. Charles County, and is en- 
gaged with Edward P. Ilehner in making an ab- 
stract of the county, at which he will no doubt 
succeed, as no one is more familiar with the record 
titles of the county than he is. 

r^ EORGE F. KLINGIIAMMER isone of the 
VtC enterprising young farmers of township 
48, range 6, St. Charles County. Since his 
boyhood he has given his energies and industry to 
agriculture, and is thoroughlj' practical and well 
informed on everything pertaining to the best 
methods of conducting a farm. At the present 
time he is engaged in managing a portion of his 
father's old homestead, some two hundred and fifty 
acres, which is under high cultivation. 

The birth of our subject occurred in New Or- 
leans, La., March 14, 1853. He is a son of George 
and Catherine (Moore) Klinghammer, whose biog- 
raphy appears elsewhere on the pages of this rec- 
ord. They are natives of Alsace, France, and Ger- 
many, respectively, and the father has long been 
numbered among the old settlers and most pro- 
gressive farmers of this couirt}'. In a family com- 
prising six children, two sons and four daughters, 
George F. is the eldest of the five surviving mem- 
bers. The others are: Caroline, Louise, Mary and 
Emma. They have all been married and have 
families of their own. .lulius died November 19, 

The boyhood of our subject was passed on his 
father's farm, where he received a good common- 
school education, and early became initiated into 
the proper methods of conducting a farm. Octo- 
ber 20. 1886, he chose for his life companion and 
helpmate Miss Louise Rupp. She is one of five 
daughters and a son, whose parents are Capt. John 



and Kate (Virling) Rupp, old aud respected citi- 
zens of St. Charles County. Tlie brotliers and sis- 
ters of Mrs. Klinghammer are: Laura, Philip, Susie 
and Lena, who are all unmarried and living with 
their parents. Mary is deceased. 

Since completing his education Mr. Klingham- 
mer has been identified with his father in all the 
latter's extensive farming interests, and has been 
of great assistance in the management and opera- 
tion of much of that worthy citizen's landed es- 
tate. While still adhering to the old and tried 
methods which have proved of practical impor- 
tance in farming, this young man does not reject 
modern and enterprising ideas, but in a very prac- 
tical manner unites the old and the new, and the 
result has been eminently satisfactory. 

In his political affiliations Mr. Klinghammer is a 
stanch Republican, and does all in his power to 
support his party interests. Religiously he is a 
member of the Lutheran denomination, in which 
faith both he and his father were reared from their 
early j^ears. In eveiy walk in life he lias shown 
himself to be thoroughly tiaistworthy and honora- 
ble, and by the exercise of these qualities has won 
a high place in the esteem of his large circle of 
friends and acquaintances. 




JACOB SCHABER, a large land-owner and 
prominent agriculturist, whose farm is situ- 
ated in township 46, range 4, St. Charles 
County, is one of Germany's sturdy sons 
who bade farewell to their native land and crossed 
the brinj' deep to seek a home in the New AVorld. 
A son of Carl and Christine (Bopp) Schaber, he 
was born July 15, 1826, in Wickelburg, Germany. 
His parents emigrated to this countiy in 1845, and 
after a tedious journey of several weeks on the 
ocean tiiey arrived safely in New York City. 
They did not stop long, however, in that great 
metropolis, but continued the journey by water to 
St. Louis, their destination being St. Charles 
County, where they expected to meet many friends 

who had preceded them to this country; and so 
they pusiied forward to where their friends were 
awaiting them, and where they expected to make 
their future home. 

Soon after their arrival Mr. Schaber purchased 
ninety-seven and a-half acres of land, and straight- 
way proceeded to clear it of its large forest trees 
and dense undergrowth of brush. With the assist- 
ance of his two robust sons he soon had enough 
space cleared to erect a dwelling, and with the help 
of his friends this was soon done. In those primi- 
tive days the people were content to dwell in 
more humble abodes than at the present time, and 
the log cabin was considered a dwelling-place fit 
for any one. The children of this familj% four in 
number, were all born in the Old Country. Eliza- 
beth married Joseph Othe, a crock-maker bj' trade, 
and lives in St. Charles. Jacob is our subject. 
Conrad went to California in 1851, and is still 
there. Mary is the wife of John Kinney, a miller 
by occupation, who resides near Trenton, this 
state. Carl Schaber, the father of our subject, was 
a life-long agriculturist, having followed that oc- 
cupation in the Old Country, and continued in the 
same vocation after coming to America. He was 
well known and highly respected, having lived an 
honest, unassuming life. He was called to the 
land beyond in 1871, the wife and mother having 
preceded him by ten 3'ears. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch 
was married on the farm where he now resides, the 
ladj^ who became his wife being Miss Katie, a 
daughter of George and Barbara Bauer. They 
are all natives of Germany, and came to this coun- 
try in 1852, settling in this county. Mrs. Schaber 
was the only child of her parents, who still reside 
in this township. Five children have blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Schaber, three girls and two 
boys, all living. Lizzie married Albert Lutz, a 
blacksmith by trade, and resides in this township. 
Mary is the wife of Andrew Hittdae, and makes 
her home on a farm near her parents. Dora, Carl 
and Fritz are all at home. Mr. Schaber has given 
all his children good educations, both in English 
and German. 

After the death of his father our subject pur- 
chased the old homestead from the other heirs and 



has resided here ever since. Having been reared 
on a farm, lie has made agriculture a life-long study 
and is tliorouglil}* posted as to the best manner of 
cultivating the soil and tlie best results to be 
gained by the rotation of crops. The principal 
products of the farm are wheat and corn, but he 
is also interested in fruit-growing, and has a fine 
vineyard, of which he is justly proud. He and his 
excellent wife are both members of the Lutheran 
Church at St. Charles, and are actively interested 
in all good work. In his political views he is a 
stanch Republican, but has never held any county 
office, nor indeed has he ever aspired to that 
honor, although he takes deep interest in the suc- 
cess of his part}-. 




JACOB SMITH, an honored veteran of the 
late war, cast in his fortunes with those of 
the peoqsle of St. Charles County in 1868, 
and since that time has steadily prospered. 
His valuable homestead, which is all under good 
cultivation and highly improved, is located in 
township 48, range 7. The parents of our subject 
were Jacob and .Sarah (Offner) Smith, who had two 
other children : George, whose home is in this 
county, and who is married and the father of two 
children; and Sarah, now deceased. 

In 1856 Jacob .Smith, Sr., left France, his native 
land, and after arriving in the United States set- 
tled in Indiana, where he bought a farm, com- 
prising eighty acres. This he operated for about 
four years, and then sold the place to his daughter 
Sarah's husband. He continued to make his home 
with them until 1868, when he came to pass his 
declining years with his son George in this county, 
his death occurring when he was in his seventy- 
fifth year. His wife died in France early in the 

Jacob Smith, wliose name heads this article, was 
born in Alsace, France (now a part of Germany), 
November 28, 1837. His boyhood was passed on 
a farm, and he received a fair education in his 

mother tongue. He left home at the early age of 
sixteen years without money, liiit nothing doubt- 
ing that he should succeed in making a fortune 
on his arriving in America. For six years he 
worked as a farm hand at small wages in Indiana. 
He managed to save only a .small sum of money, 
and at length concluded to try farming on a small 
scale for himself. He secured a piece of land from 
tlie man for whom ho liar] been working, and for a 
number of years he operated this tract for one-half 
of the crops raised. This plan did not bring him 
wealth rapidly, and, believing that he could make 
better headway in the West, he accordingly set out 
for Missouri in the spring of 1866, owing to in- 
ducements offered by Albert KIdridge. That gen- 
tleman gave him the management of his farm, 
furnishing evei^ything necessary and paying j-oung 
Smith a certain sum for his services the first year. 
The ne.xt year our subject operated a farm for one- 
half of the crop harvested. 

In 1868 Jacob Smith and his brother George 
bought fifty acres of land in partnership. Half of 
this was heavily timbered, and the young men pos- 
sessed only one team of horses with which to work 
the place. Nevertlieless, they succeeded financi- 
ally and got a start in life. With an ej'e to busi- 
ness, Jacob .Smith bought a one-horse-power saw 
to fell trees and cut them into stove lengths. By 
improving ever}' hour outside of the regular farm 
work, and frequently hauling as many as four 
loads a day to Alton, where he found a ready 
market for it at ^5 and *5.50 per load, he soon be- 
gan to lay aside a goodly sum of money. In Au- 
gust, 1876, he bought his present home, paying for 
the same 850 per acre. This was a tract of one 
hundred acres, but having an op|)ortunity to dis- 
pose of forty acres at 180 per acre, he did so, and 
with the means afforded lifted a deed of trust he 
had given upon his farm at the time of pur- 
chase. In 1886 he bought seventy-three and a-half 
acres adjoining his farm, which thus aggregates 
one hundred and thirty-three and a-half acres. 

July 26, 1858, Mr. Smith married Miss Mary 
Ellen Nelson, daughter of Samuel Nelson. They 
became the parents of two children: Albert, who is 
married and has four children; and Joseph, who is 
married and is also the father of four children. 



June 14, 1881, Mr. Smith wedded Margaret Scholl- 
inej-er, who is one of the two children of James 
Schollmeyer. To this union five children were 
bom: Frank and a twin, who died the day of their 
birth; Joseph, George and Sarah. Mrs. Smith de- 
parted this life in October, 1888, and August 12, 
1890, our subject married Mrs. Charlotte Feltis, a 
widow. She is one of the four living children of 
Eustice and Louise Karneboge. 

In political circles Mr. Smith is well known in this 
locality, and in the fall of 1894 was elected Associate 
Justice of the St. Charles County Court on the Re- 
publican ticket. Since becoming a naturalized cit- 
izen of the United States, he has at all times faith- 
fully discharged the duties devolving upon each 
and every person who enjoys the privileges and 
liberties of this country. August 11, 1862, he en- 
listed in Company E, Sixty-eighth Indiana Vol- 
unteers, serving under Capt. C. H. Bryant, with 
Colonel King as Regimental Commander. In the 
battle of Chickamauga Colonel King was killed, 
and the gallant Sixtj'-eighth was surrounded by 
the enemy. After a hurried consultation they de- 
cided to cut their wa3' out, or die in the attempt. 
At roll call only two hundred and sixtj' out of 
four hundred men reported, Mr. Smith and one 
other private being the only ones present of Com- 
pany E when the order was given for a regular 
formation after the retreat. The others had been 
either killed or wounded, lost in the woods or had 
fallen behind through fatigue. Those who had 
escaped alive joined the company later. For his 
gallant service on this occasion Mr. Smith was pro- 
moted to the rank of Corporal. 


/^ EORGE MEERS, the owner of a fine farm 
^^Ji; of one hundred and twenty acres, situated 
in the northeastern part of township 46, 
range 3, St. Charles County, was born in Hanover, 
Germany, September 25, 1842. He is a son of 
Henry and Margaret (Nortrup) Meers, who were 
also natives of Germany, having been born in 
Hanover. There they were married and resided 

for a number of years after that event. They 
emigrated to America in 1845, and came direct to 
St. Charles County, renting a farm in this town- 
ship, where they lived about one year. They then 
removed to the city of St. Louis, where thej' made 
their home for live years, he working at the trade 
of a blacksmith, which he had learned in the Old 

In 1851 Henry Meers returned with his family 
to St. Charles County, and bought a farm in the 
same township in which our subject now resides. 
His family had consisted of seven children, two of 
whom died in infancy in the Old Country. The 
other five came to this country with their parents. 
Margaret married Diedrick Thoele, and both she 
and her husband are deceased. Henrjr married 
Mary Luerding, and resides in St. Louis. He is a 
teamster by occupation. Diedrick, who married 
Mary Moehlenkamp, is a farmer in this township. 
Hermann, also a farmer, lives in township 46. He 
married Annie Bekebrede, who died in 1892. 
George is the subject of this notice. 

Mr. Meers was united in marriage with Miss 
Christina Willimena Zumbehl, a lady of German 
descent, and to this union were born thirteen chil- 
dren, as follows: Henry, the eldest, who died in 
infancy; Lizzie, who married Edward Hollrah, a 
farmer, and resides about three miles from the 
old homestead; Julia, now Mrs. Louis Bekebrede, 
wiio makes her home on a farm in this township; 
Helena, Annie, Hermann, Minnie, Elenora, Edna 
and Arina, who are all at home with their parents; 
Mannice, who died at the age of two years; and 
two others who died in infancy unnamed. The 
surviving children are all bright intelligent boys 
and girls, and all have had good common-school 

Politically Mr. Meers is a Republican, but has 
never aspired to any public oflice. He and his es- 
timable family attend the Lutheran Church at St. 
Charles, and occupy a high social position in the 
community in which they live. After his marriage 
Mr. Meers purchased one hundred and forty acres 
of land, for which he paid $90 an acre. He after- 
ward sold twenty acres, leaving him one hundred 
and twenty, which he now occupies. It is a beau- 
tiful farm, highly cultivated and improved, and is 



numbered among the best in the township. He 
also owns seventy acres near the Mississippi River, 
in this county. Known asa mnn of sterling integ- 
rity of character and good business qualifications, 
Mr. Meers is ranked among the substantial citizens 
of St. Charles County, and is accounted a man of 
liberal spirit, ever ready to assist in all matters of 
mutual welfare. 

Count\' is a rich agricultural center, 
and the men who have the supervision 
of its farming interests are enterprising, self-reli- 
ant and progressive. Among these Mr. Gray oc- 
cupies no unimportant i)lace. The farm which he 
owns, and upon which he engages in general agri- 
cultural pursuits, is one of the best in township 47, 
range 6, and consists of one hundred and seventy 
acres of valuable land. Since coming to this place 
he has succeeded in bringing the soil tea high state 
of cultivation, and has erected a number of sub- 
stantial and conveniently arranged buildings. 

Mr. Gray is a native of St. Charles County, and 
was born Febiuai\y 6, 1855. The family of which 
he is a member consisted of six sons and two 
daughters, of whom three sons and one daughter 
are now living. Of his parents, James Samuel M. 
and Amanda (Roy) Gray, mention is made in the 
sketch of his brother, E. E., presented elsewhere in 
this volume. His educational advantages were 
good, including a complete course in the common 
schools and three years in the St. Charles College. 
Upon leaving school, he superintended the man- 
agement of the home farm for his father, whose 
attention was given almost wholly to his duties as 
a clergyman. 

Starting out for himself at the age of twenty-one 
years, Mr. Gray rented a piece of ground on the 
old Payne estate, near Portage, where he began the 
life of a farmer on his own account. His capital 
was limited, but he had an abundance of persever- 
ance, energy and determination, and consequently 

lie was prospered from llie first. As his finances 
permitted, he added to his stock of horses and 
farm implements, and also increased the amount 
of rented land. After having spent nine years on 
that place, he removed to a portion of the J. O. 
Goddard estate, wliieh he operated as a renter for 
two years. He then, in 1887, bought his present 
farm of one hundred and seventy acres. As an 
agriculturist, he is practical and |)rogressive in his 
ideas, and systematic in his method of work. 

February 11, 1880, Mr. Gray was united in mar- 
riage with Cadoia Kdna Best, the daughter of 
Stephen and Mary J. (.Jameson) Best. She was 
one of seven children, there being four daughters 
and three sons, of whom but two sons and two 
daughters still survive. (, For complete genealogy, 
see biography of Mrs. M.J. Moslander.) The fam- 
ily of Mr. and Mrs. Gray consists of two daughters 
and one son, who are named respectively James 
William, Mary Frances and Lydia Adelia. In 
their religious connections Jlr. Gray and family 
are identified with the Southern Methodist Church. 
He is a man who takes a warm interest in the prog- 
ress of the county and the welfare of his fellow- 
citizens. In politics he is a Democrat, and never fails 
at each election to cast his ballot for the nominees 
of that party, to which he has always been loyal. 




ous young .agriculturist, who resides in 
township 48, range 6, St. Charles County, 
is a self-made man. His career may well serve as 
an example of what may be accomplished when a 
man possesses ambition, energj' and good common- 
sense. He started in life without means or influ- 
ence, and has become prosperous and highly re- 
spected through his untiring efforts. His home- 
stead, which he has greatly improved and has 
brought under good cultivation, lies in Portage 
Common Field. 

This worthy German-American citizen born 
in Prussia, January 10, 1865, being one of two 



sons and a daughter born to Charles and Theresa 
(Steinhuf) BorgschuUe. His brother, Charles, Jr., 
is married and has three children. In 1867 our 
subject's father emigrated to this country and set- 
tled in St. Charles County, where he bought eigh- 
ty-three acres of land. His death occurred eight 
months later, when he was only thirty-three years 
of a<Te. His widow soon afterward sold the farm 
and removed to the city of v^t. Charles, in 1869, 
and later became flic wife of Fred SuUentrop, a 
blacksmith by trade. The latter for a time followed 
his vocation in Boschcrtown, and then rented a 
farm in Portage Township, where he continued to 
reside until his de.ath, in the year 1880. 

The subject of this narrative was reared at his 
mother's home, and was given the benefits of only 
a common-school education. After the death of 
his step-father, he, in company with his brother, 
leased the homestead, which they farmed jointly 
for two years. At the expiration of that time they 
rented another tract of land, a farm comprising 
one hundred and seven acres. As time went on 
they leased other land and operated together some 
two hundred and twenty acres. They worked in 
harmony, and success attended their industrious 
lives. On the marriage of the brother, it seemed 
best to dissolve the partnership which had hither- 
to existed, and Frederick Boigschulte took upon 
himself the entire management of the two hundred 
and twentj- acres. 

October 16, 1889, was celebrated the marriage of 
our subject and Miss Mary Echle. Her parents, 
Joseph and Anna (Bohuert) Echle, had a family of 
two sons and two daughters. Joseph, the eldest, is 
married and has two sons and three daughters; 
Dean is married and has one son, and Gus is de- 
ceased. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Borgschulte 
has been graced with four cliildren. Frederick, 
the eldest, has passed away, and the younger ones, 
Joseph, Agnes and William, bright and interesting 
little ones, are the pride and joy of their parents. 

After his marriage Mr. Borgschulte continued 
to rent land for about four years, though he soon 
gave up the farm he had previously operated and 
instead cultivated a homestead of one hundred 
and seventy acres, (n 1893 he became the owner 
of his present farm, containing one hundred and 

fourteen acres. Though a short time has elapsed 
since his purchase, he has greatly improved 
the place, and among other things which now add 
to its value is the handsome residence which he 
has lately erected, and which is one of the most 
pleasant homes to be found in this district. 

Politically Mr. Borgschulte sides with the Dem- 
ocratic party. In his religious convictions he is a 
Catholic, in which faith he was brought up. Asa 
man he commands the respect of all who have had 
any dealings with him, either in a social or com- 
mercial way. 

eHARLES M. JOHNSON, M. D., is one of 
the old and honored physicians of St. 
Charles County, and has been engaged in 
the practice of his profession in the city of the 
same name for about thirty years. He is a mem- 
ber of one of the pioneer families of this section, 
his parents having removed here in 1835, at which 
time they purchased the old Daniel Boone farm 
from his son, Capt. Nathan Boone. The original 
cabin of the frontier hero was standing until a 
very recent date, and the ruins of it may still be 

Dr. Johnson was born in Virginia, January 28, 
1826, being a son of Charles M. and Harriet D. 
(Ficklin) Johnson. His first nine j^ears were passed 
in Rappahannock County, Va., and about 1835 he 
removed 'with his parents to Missouri. His edu- 
cation was obtained in the subscription schools of 
his native state, and on reaching this county he 
pursued his studies for two years in a college at 
St. Charles. In 1846 he took up the study of 
medicine in the office of Dr. John G. Tannor, of 
this city. Later he was enrolled as a student in 
the medical department of the University of Penn- 
sylvania at Philadelphia, and was graduated from 
that celebrated institution with honor in 1850. 

The first location of Dr. Johnson in the practice 
of his profession was at Warrenton, Mo. Later he 
removed to Troy, Lincoln County, and finally, in 
1861, we again find him a resident of St. Charles 



County. For some years lie continued to practice in 
the vicinity of tlie old family homestead and soon 
built up a remunerative and extensive clientage. 
When the Civil War broke out the Doctor recruited 
a company for the Confederate service and was 
elected to the captaincy of the same. In the fight 
at Mt. Zion he was captured and exchanged. 
Finally he was paroled, and after his release re- 
turned to this place, which has been his home since 

February 6, 1856, Dr. .Johnson was united in 
marriage with Miss Martha, daughter of Wright 
and Sarah P. Smith. Of the four cl'ildren born 
to the Doctor and liis estimable wife, all but one 
survive. In the order of their birth they are 
as follows: Samuel R., Wright S. and Mary F. 

In politics Dr. Johnson supports by his ballot 
the platform and candidates of the Democratic 
party. Few, if any, citizens of St. Charles are 
more highly esteemed or have a larger circle of 
sincere friends than have the worthy Doctor and 
his wife. 

Y OUIS HOUPT, who fought in defense of 
I O the Union during the late Civil War, is 
now one of the best citizens of Cottleville 
Landing. Here he occupies the position of station 
agent on the Missouri, Kansas &, Texas Railroad, 
a place which he has filled satisfactorily for the 
past forty years. In addition to discharging the 
duties pertaining to his work as station master, lie 
owns a large farm, a portion of his father's estate, 
but this homestead he leases, as his time is largely 
employed in receiving and delivering freight for 
the small towns in this vicinity. 

The parents of our subject were Frederick and 
Setta Houpt, both natives of Saxony, (iermany. 
In 1833 the3' set forth to make a home in the 
United States, and proceeded direct to St. Louis, 
where they remained for a short time. Later, 
learning of the advantages afforded to people lo- 
cated in St. Charles County, they came hither and 
settled on a small farm a mile and a-half east of 

where their son Louis now lives. The}' became 
the owners of the place, where tluj' resided for a 
few years, after which they bought the homestead, 
a portion of which is now the property of our sub- 
ject. At t'lat early day this land was all heavily 
timbered, and the father set his boys to work 
clearing it off as soon as they were old enough. 
Game was then very plentiful, and deer formed a 
staple article of diet. When they had cleared a 
small space the father and sons built a log house, 
within the walls of which the parents spent their 
remaining days. They both died the same year, 
in 1871 or 1872. 

Of the eleven children born to Frederick and 
Setta Houpt, Charles, born .January 20, 1827, now 
lives in California; Bertha Amelia, born Februarj' 
20, 1829, also has her home in California; Ferdi- 
nand, born June 6, 1830, died June 20, 1832; 
Emma, born January 10, 1831, died January 13, 
1833; Frederick Herman, who died January 13, 
1834, was born April 5, 1833; Louis is the next 
in order of birth; Otto, whose birth occurred Jan- 
uary 9, 1838, died in 1868; Frederick Julius, born 
July 23, 1840, resides in California with his elder 
brother; and Frederick Theodore, born September 
2, 1842, Teckla Alveiia, born October 4, 1844, and 
Wilhelmina Laura, born in 1849, are now deceased. 

Louis Houpt is a native of St. Louis, his birth 
having occurred during his parents' brief residence 
in that city, September 10, 1834. His education 
was obtained in the primitive district schools of 
this township, and he remained at home, assisting 
his father in the iinpiuveiiient of the farm, until 
the war broke out. August 7, 1861, he enlisted 
under Captain Davis in the Second Regiment of 
Illinois Light Artillery. After serving faithfully 
for three years he was discharged, September 14, 
1864. The principal battles in which he partici- 
pated were those of Pea Ridge, Ark., March 7 and 
8, 1862, and that of Prairie Grove, Ark., December 
7 of the same year. His other commanding oliicer 
was Capt. B. Boras. lie was never injured in any 
way, nor was he ever in the hos|)ital. 

Returning home after receiving his discharge 
from the arm}-, Louis Houpt continued to dwell 
with his parents until his marriage, which occurred 
in 1872: His wife, whose girlhood name was 



Clara Kessler, became the mother of one son, Louis, 
born April 16, 1874, and now assisting his father. 
Mrs. Clara Iloupt was called from this life in 
1875. December 12, 1878, our subject married 
Miss Ciiristina Febr. who was born in St. Charles 
County, Jsovember 18, 1851. Her parents were 
Chrissely and Elizabetli (Tetters) Fehr, the former 
a native of Germany, and the latter of this county. 
For man}^ years they were well known and indus- 
trious citizens of this locality, where the mother's 
death occurred. 

After the parents of Louis Houpthad been called 
to their final rest, he purchased from the other 
lieirs one hundred and forty-seven and a-half acres 
of the old homestead, which he still owns and 
leases. He yet retains a portion of the farm, where, 
with his wife and four children, he makes his 
home. To his present union have been born two 
sons and a d.iughter: Leo Charles, born December 
14, 1879; Ferdinand Otto, August 28, 1881; and 
Annie Elizabeth Laura, August 30, 1883. The 
children are all pursuing their studies in the 
scliools of the neighborhood. 

Since April 17, 1888, our subject has been a 
member of Colonel Krekel Post No. 408, G. A. R., 
of St. Peter's, Mo. June 1, 1891, he became iden- 
tified with the Insurance Lodge of Cottleville. In 
his political belief he is a stanch Republican, and 
may always be found on the side of good educa- 
tional measures, and everything calculated tu ben- 
efit the community at large. He and his wife are 
mem'oers of the German Evangelical Church of 
Weldon Spring. 

. C^^^ P . 

T7> RNEST H. SUELTHAUS is one of the 
r^ C) enterprising and progressive farmers of 
township 48, range 5, St. Charles Coun- 
ty. He is a native of this county, having been 
l)orn within its boundaries May 12, 1852. His 
jiarents, John G. and Mary (Plackemeier) Suel- 
tbaus, had a family of eight children, five sons and 
three daugiiters, wlio are all living and, with the 
exception of the two youngest, are married. In 

the order of their birth they are named as follows: 
Ernest H., Henry E. H., .John W., Henry H. F., 
George C, Louisa, Emma and Tillie. 

The paternal grandmother of our subject died 
in St. Charles County in 1878. His maternal 
grandparents lived to attain a good old age, his 
grandfather dying in 1890, in his eighty-eighth 
year, while his grandmother, whose death occurred 
in 1874, was then in her seventy-seventh year. 
John and Mary Suelthaus, who are aged respect- 
ively sixty -eight and sixty-three years, are both in 
the enjoj'ment of good health, and are now mak- 
ing their home with their son Ernest H. 

The boyhood and early 3'outh of our subject were 
passed without event of special moment, his time 
and attention being divided between obtaining a 
district-school education and helping his father at 
farm work. He remained under the home roof 
until he was twenty-six years of age, when he 
concluded to try his fortunes in the western part 
of Missouri. From 1878 until 1893, or for some 
fifteen years, he resided in Carroll Count}', where 
he farmed on leased ground. His success was not, 
however, as great as he desired, and at last he re- 
turned to the old home and has since given his time 
to carrying on the farm owned by bis father. He 
has the entire responsibility of the place, and in 
return for his efforts receives as remuneration one- 
half of the profits derived from crops. The farm is 
a valuable one, comprising one hundred and sixty 
acres. The principal portion of the tract is de- 
voted to the cultivation of grain, as the land in 
this vicinity is too valuable to devote to pastur- 
age, and is well suited for the raising of cereals. 
An extensive orchard ma}' be found on this place, 
and it is the intention of the owner to plant a 
number of fruit-bearing trees in the spring of 1895. 

While a resident of Carroll County, Mo., Mr. 
Suelthaus was married. May 20, 1879, to Annie 
Brockmeyer. She is one of four daughters and 
four sons, whose parents are Benjamin Henry and 
Pauline (Hoppe) Brockmeyer. Her brothers and 
sisters are named as follows: Fred, John, William, 
Edward, Amelia, Emma and Lena. One of her 
brothers, George, died at the age of eighteen j'ears. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Suelthaus has been born one son, 
who was named George, in honor of his mother's 



brother. He is a brijjht yoiitli of fifteen years and 
is now pursuing liis studies in tlie district scliool. 
In iiis religious belief Mr. Suelthaus is a Luth- 
eran, to wiiicli fiiilh his forefatliors for several gen- 
erations have adliered. In politics lie uses his right 
of franchise in favor of Republican principles and 

rj^^AVIl) BAIRl). With the progress and 
I I development of St. Charles County' Mr. 
Baird has for a number of jears been in- 
timately associated. He has been especially |)rom- 
ineut in township 48, range 6, of which he is a 
leading agriculturist. The property upon which 
he resides presents to the passer-by a neat and in- 
viting appearance, as it is kept under good repair 
and the best improvement by the owner. Eighty 
aeres are comprised in the farm, a portion of which 
belongs to Mrs. Baird, while the remainder our 
subject has acquired through persevering industry 
and good management. 

Monmouth County, N. J., is the birthplace of 
David Baud, and September 19, 1840, his natal day. 
His parents, Zeb and Caroline Elizabeth (Prine) 
Baird, were natives of New .Jersey, who came West 
some time during the ',50s, and settled in Illinois. 
After a residence of two years in Jersey County, 
the}- removed to Sangamon Count}-, where the fa- 
ther engaged actively in farm work until his death. 
Eleven months after his demise his. wife passed 

The parental family consisted of two sons and 
four daughters, all of whom, but one daughter, are 
still living. They are: David, the subject of this 
biography; Mary, a resident of Christian County, 
III., who is married and has seven children; Josie 
P., of Macoupin County, 111., who is married and 
has six children; Margaret Elizabeth, a resident of 
Carlinville, Macoupin Couni}-, III., who is married 
and has four children; and Samuel T. Lydia Ann 
is deceased. 

The subject of this sketch was taken by his par- 
ents on their removal from New Jersey to Illinois, 

and was reared to manhood on a farm in the latter 
state, meantime receiving a eoramon-school educa- 
tion. At the age of twenty-three years he came 
to Missouri and began farming operations in part- 
nership with a brother-in-law. He was married 
November 3, 1865, his wife being Miss Augusta 
Mittleberger, daughter of John C. and Christina 
Mittleberger. Shortly after his marriage Mr. Baird 
removed to Rock Island, III., and there rented 
forty acres of land, which he cultivated for two 
years. He then went to Montgomery County, III., 
and rented one hundred and sixty acres, upon 
which he raised cereals and stock for a period of 
two years. Thence he came to St. Charles Count}-, 
Mo., where he has since resided. 

The family of Mr. and INIis. Baird consists of 
five children, namely: John T., who follows the 
occupation of a stationary engineer at St. Charles; 
James S., who is with his parents; Caroline Eliza- 
beth, who is married and lives in St. Louis; Etta 
and May, who are at home. The family is con- 
nected with the Baptist Church, in which they are 
active workers. In politics Mr. Baird is a (irra 
supporter of Republican principles, and socially is 
identified with the Ancient Order of United Work- 

/'~y EORGE KOHLENHOFER is the genial 
^^JJf and enterprising proprietor of the leading 
hotel in Cottleville, St. Charles County. 
He also conducts a livery business, and in con- 
nection with his hotel runs a bar-room. He is a 
practical and progressive man of business and has 
prospered in his varied undertakings. 

Our subject is a son of Henry and Lizzie (Laf- 
fler) Kohlenhofer, both of whom were natives of 
Hanover, German}-. When fourteen years of age 
the father left the friends and scenes of his youth, 
and in company with some of his relatives came 
to America to better his financial condition. He 
proceeded direct to St. Charles County and took 
up his residence at Cottleville. At that time there 
was only a small village in the place, and to all 

186 and biographical record. 

practical intents and purposes he may be justly 
termed one of tlie early settlers of the town. Al- 
though he was quite young, he was industrious and 
enterprising, and with the little fund of money 
which he had with liim he invested in eighty- 
five acres of land near this place. Later he sold 
twenty acres and invested the proceeds in fourteen 
acres of land northeast of the town. This was 
heavily timbered, and after building a house he 
proceeded to clear the land. For a few years he 
continued to make his home on that farm, which 
he entirely cleared of timber. Later he rented the 
homestead, and, moving to Cottleville, bought two 
lots in the town, which he improved, and here he 
continued to dwell until his death. He was called 
to his final rest about 1879, and his wife's demise 
occurred in 1872. They had a family of six chil- 
dren, as follows: Elizabeth, who is the wife of 
Frank Schwcndermann, a farmer near St. Peter's; 
Mary, who is the wife of Michael Pfaff, a retired 
farmer and a resident of Cottleville; Katie, who 
became the wife of Frank Martin and lives on a 
farm three miles from this place; Henry, who 
wedded Annie Hohn, and also lives in this village; 
one who died in infancy unnamed; and George. 

Our subject was born on a farm in this town- 
ship, August 26, 1859, and was reared to agricult- 
ural pursuits. He received a fair education in the 
district schools, and learned thrifty and industri- 
ous habits, which have been a part of his nature 
since. September 18, 1879, he married Miss Lizzie 
Merx, a daughter of Adam and Mary Merx, na- 
tives of German}'. The father was for some years 
one of the respected citizens of St. Charles Coun- 
ty, within the limits of which occurred his death. 
Three children have been born to bless the union 
of our subject and his wife: George, Jr., Ellen and 

After his marriage our subject engaged in oper- 
ating a rented farm near this village for upwards 
of fifteen years. He then removed to Cottleville, 
where he has since made his home. For a period 
covering some tiiree years he was engaged in a 
gcncial merchandise business in partnership with 
Hon. ,]. C. Binkert, who is now Justice of the 
Peace in Dardenne Township, this count}'. In 
1891 Mr. Kohlenhofer sold out his interest to his 

partner and became engaged in the hotel and livery 
business. In this new undertaking he has been 
prospered beyond his expectations, and makes a 
very pleasant a ndcourteous host. The departing 
traveler leaves with regret his well conducted and 
home-like hotel and returns with pleasure. 

Mr. Kohlenhofer has never held any county 
offices or local public positions, as he prefers to 
give his time to his business and family interests. 
He is a stanch Republican and devoted to the wel- 
fare and development of this locality. Religiously 
he is a member of the Catholic Church, while his 
wife is a Lutheran. 


JOHN R. GODD ARD. One who has no knowl- 
edge of the relative value of soils, or of anj' 
matter pertaining to farm life, can yet de- 
termine at a glance whether the farm upon 
which he gazes is valuable and well managed. A 
visitor to the Goddard farm in township 47, range 
6, would know at once that its manager possesses 
enterprise, perseverance and skill in agriculture. 
The entire place bears an air of neatness and order 
and of thorough cultivation, while the buildings 
which have been erected upon it are substantial 
and conveniently located. 

The gentleman of whom we write is engaged in 
the cultivation of this property, the management 
of which he assumed for his father, who is its 
owner. He is a young man, born November 18^ 
1870, ill St. Charles County, Mo., and is one of 
the four surviving children (two sons and two 
daughters) comprising the family of John A. and 
Mary G. (Sappington) Goddard. His father, who 
was born near Salisbury, Md., came to St. Charles 
County some time during the '50s, and here through 
industry and shrewdness he has acquired from 
time to time different pieces of property, until he 
is one of the large land-owners of the county. 
His home is in the citj' of St. Charles, where he is 
well and favorably known as a man of integrity, 
energy and the highest probity. 

Reared upon the home farm, the subject of this 




biography was a student in the public sclioois be- 
tween the ages of six and fourteen, after which he 
took a course in the St. Charles College. He con- 
tinued to make his home with his parents until 
his marriage, January 18, 1893, when he was united 
with Miss Elizabeth, daughter (if Carl and Johannah 
(\'onsehnen) Denning. Mrs. Goddard is one of nine 
children, of whom five sons and two daughters are 
now living, namely: William, George, Bertlia, 
Elizabeth, John, Frank and Charles. The union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Goddard has been blessed by the 
birth of a daughter, whom they have named 
Amanda B. 

After his marriage Mr. (4oddard assumed the 
management of one of his father's farms, and to 
the cultivation of this property he has since given 
his attention. He has never been partisan in his 
political preferences, being willing to concede to 
others the liberty of thought which he claims for 
himself, but is nevertheless a stanch adherent of the 
principles of the Democratic party. With his wife 
he holds membership in the Southern Methodist 
Church. He is a young man of more than ordin- 
ary* ability and information, whose energy and 
good judguient will undoubtedly secure for him 
added prosperity in the future. 


MORRIS STONEBRAKER, one of the pio- 
neers of St. Charles County, is still living 
on his father's old homestead, where his 
boyhood days were passed. His place is situated 
in township 48, range 6, and is one of the best im- 
proved farms in this section. This respected citi- 
zen well remembers when the country hereabout 
abounded with wild deer and game of various 
kinds. He has been a witness of vast changes in 
this vicinity, and where formerly was only coarse 
prairie grass or lieavy timber can now be seen well 
cultivated farms and thriving villages. 

John and Naomi (McCoy) Stonebraker, the par- 
ents of our subject, were natives of Maryland. 
Their family consisted of seven sons and two 

daughters, only tvvo of whom are now living. Al- 
fred is a resident of St. Charles City. In 184.3 
John Stonebraker came to this county and took up 
his abode on a farm, which he rented for six years. 
On the expiration of that time he purchased the 
place, which comprised sixty-live acres, and there 
he continued to reside until he was called from the 
shores of time, at the age of seventy-six years. 

Morris Stonebraker was born June 23, 1830, in 
Maryland, and was a lad of thirteen when, with his 
parents, he removed to this county. He was reared 
to farm duties, and his education was such as he 
could obtain in the common schools of that day. 
His brothers went out from under the home roof 
after reaching their majority, but he continued to 
lend his father his assistance for eiglit years after 
arriving at man's estate. His marriage was cele- 
brated April 22, 1863, with Mary Frances Timber- 
lake. She was one of three children (the others 
being William and Joseph) of Benjamin and Eliza 
(Overstreet) Timberlake. After the death of her 
husband Mrs. Timberlake became the wife of Cush- 
man Bassett, and by that union had four children. 
Her three daughters, Cynthia, Anna and Delia, are 
still living, but the son is deceased. 

After the death of his father Morris Stonebraker 
rented the home farm for a year, and then for a 
number of years engaged in farming a piece of 
land belonging to the school district. Four years 
after his marriage he bought from the other heirs 
the old homestead, on which he still resides. Of 
late 3'ears he has made a number of extensive al- 
terations and improvements, which have increased 
the desirability and value of the farm. He is a 
practical and progressive agriculturist, one who. 
though not abandoning the old and tried methods, 
is not averse to adopting modern ideas. He has 
long been allied with the Democratic party, and 
regularly discharges his duties of citizenship as 
a voter, and in all ways which he believes to be 
for the good of the community. 

Mr. and Mrs. Morris Stonebraker became the 
parents of nine children, four sons and five daugh- 
ters, in order of their birth as follows: Willie, 
deceased; Anna, who married E. E. Gray, and has 
three children; Eliza, wife of John J. King, and 
the mother of three children; Urilla, who married 



Eugene Burkeloe, and has three children; Olivia, 
who married Joseph Dotson, and has two chil- 
dren; Tottie, at home with her parents; Joseph, 
deceased; and Morris and Howard, at home. 

JOHN K. McDEARMON, one of the most in- 
fluential and worthy citizens of St. Charles, 
has efticiently discharged the duties pertain- 
ing to the office of County Clerk during the 
long period of thirty-four years. Few men in this 
communit}' are better known or more sincerely 
esteemed by one and all, for he has been faithful 
to the best interests of the public, and has always 
had its welfare deeply at heart. 

Thebirth of Mr. McDearmon occurred inVirginia 
November 24, 1829. He comes from one of the 
old and honored families of that state, where his 
ancestors located prior to the War of tlie Revolu- 
tion. He is a lineal descendant of one of three 
brothers McDearmon who crossed the Atlantic 
with Braddock and were with him at the defeat at 
Ft. Duquesne. James R., tlie fatiier of John K., 
was born in tlie Old Dominion in 1805, and in his 
early life engaged in school teaching. He was 
higiily educated and was a graduate of Hampden 
Sidney College of Virginia. In his later years 
he turned his attention to agricultural pursuits. 
A Democrat of the old school, he took a very act- 
ive part in politics, wtis Justice of the Peace, and 
for a number of years was County Judge in this 
state. At the time of his demise, which occurred 
in Jefferson City, Mo., in the year 1848, he was 
serving in tlie capacity of State Auditor of Mis- 
souri, and had formerly been State Auditor under 
Governor Edwards. December 20, 1826, he mar- 
ried Martha A. Gannaway, who was born in Vir- 
ginia in 1802, being a daughter of Gregory and 
Rhoda (Robertson) Gannaway. Mrs. McDearmon, 
who was one of fourteen children, became the 
mother of seven sons and a daugiiter. Five of the 
number, four sons and a daughter, are still living, 
and are prominent in social and business circles of 

the communities wherein they dwell. The pater- 
nal grandparents of our subject were James R. and 
Susannah E. (Prickett) McDearmon, who reared a 
family of four children and who died in middle 

John K. McDearmon passed the first two years 
of his life in Prince Edward County', Va., where 
he was born, and then with his parents came to 
Missouri. He was given good educational ad- 
vantages, and supplemented his preparatory studies 
with a course of instruction at the State Univer- 
sity at Columbia, Mo. He did not graduate, how- 
ever, owing to tlie death of his father, and soon 
after that event he received an appointment to a 
position in the County and Circuit Clerks' office in 
Jefferson City, Mo., under Gen. G. A. Parsons. 
After holding that place for two }'ears he returned 
to St. Charles, in 1850, to study law with Robert 
H. Parks, and was duly admitted to the Bar in 
1852. In August, 1854, lie was elected Clerk of 
St. Charles County, to Serve in place of his brother, 
Thomas H., who had been electee! but died before 
assuming the duties of the office. In this respon- 
sible capacity' Mr. McDearmon lias continued to 
serve ever since, with the exception of six years 
directly after the war, when he was removed by 
the "ousting ordinance," which was introduced 
with the object of placing all state offices in the 
hands of loyal men. Though Mr. McDearmon had 
always been a consistent and sturdy supporter and 
sympathizer of the Union, he was obliged to resign 
his position temporarily, but ultimatel}- had the sat- 
isfaction of being returned to office in 1870, when 
he polled many Republican votes. From that day 
until this there has been no question of his loyalty 
and faithfulness, which fact is shown by his con- 
tinued re-election to office. In his political belief 
he is a Democrat, and during the war was Captain 
of a company- of Home Guards on the side of the 
Union cause for protection against bushwhackers. 

In St. Charles Mr. McDearmon was married, 
February 7, 1854, to Lucy Ann Orrick. Her par- 
ents were John and Urilla (Stonebraker) Orrick. 
The former was a native of Bath, Berkeley County, 
W. Va.,and followed mercantile pursuits. His last 
years were passed in St. Charles, where his death 
occurred July 4, 1879, at the age of seventy-six 



years. Mrs. Urilla Orrick was born in Hagerstown, 
Md., and died in St. Louis, March 13, 1893, when 
in ber seventy-seventh year. Slie tlie mother 
of seven cliildren, three of wiiom are yet living. 
To Mr. ,in<l Mrs. McDearmon were horn nine 
children. Four of the number have been called 
from this life, and those who remain are as follows: 
Minnehaha, who married George J. Johns and has 
four cliildren; Idaho, wife of Jack Gordon, by 
whom she has one child; John K.. who married 
Bertha Jordan; Lucy O. and Urilla. The children 
have all been given good public and private school 
advantages, and the sons after pursuing a course 
of study in St. Charles College were graduated 
therefrom. The daughters are graduates of Lin- 
deuwood College, of this place. Mrs. McDearmon, 
a lady of high culture and attainments, is one of 
the leadeis in local society. She is an esteemed 
member of the Episcopal Church, and fraternally 
is identified with the Order of the Eastern Star. 
Socially Mr. McDearmon is connected with several 
civic organizations, being a Mason, a Knight of 
Honoi and a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. 






ing agriculturist and successful stock- 
raiser living on section 7, township 46, 
range 4, St. Charles County, is a native of Han- 
over, Germany, and was horn November 9, 1843, 
His parents, George and Helena (Bunte) Bocnker, 
who were natives of the same place, were married 
in the Old Countiy, and remained there for a 
number of years after their marriage. 

In 1858 the parents of our subject emigrated to 
the United States, and located in St. Charles Coun- 
ty. They were several weeks crossing the briny 
deep, but arrived safely at last in New Orleans. 
They did not stop there long, but almost immedi- 
ately upon their arrival took a boat and journeyed 
up the Mississippi River, coming to St. Charles 
County, where three of their children had pre- 

ceded them, and prepared a place for them to lo- 
cate. Being a man of limited means, the father 
at rented a place, but by hard labor, industry 
and frugality he was enabled to purchase a farm 
about eight years after his arrival. 

This farm was situated on what was then known 
as the"Salt River Road," running from St. Charles 
to O'Fallon. and lour miles from St. Charles City. 
The parents never moved from the place where 
they first located, but lived and died in the old 
home that first sheltered them on their arrival in 
the New World. The father, a frugal, industrious 
and honest farmer, passed away in 1866, having 
always had the esteem and good wishes of his 
friends and neighbors. The wife and mother died 
three ^ears earlier, in 1863. Five children clus- 
tered around the family hearthstone: Harmon, 
Henry, Frederick, George and William H. 

The subject of this sketch was reared on the old 
farm, and received a good common education in 
the |)ublic schools of his locality. He started in 
business for himself in 1867, in St. Charles, where 
he embarked in the grocery line, and became well 
known in the town and surrounding country' as a 
man of good business qualifications, and of honest, 
upright character. 

Mr. Boenker was united in marriage with Katie, 
a daughter of Hermann and Catherine (Thoele) 
Meyer. She is a native of St. Louis, and was born 
February 11, 1853. Five children have blessed 
the union of Mr. and Mrs. Boenker: Louisa, born 
in 1871; Richard, in 1874; Mamie, in 1877; Otto, 
in 1879; and Freda, in 1893. The children were 
all given a good education iu the public schools of 
their home locality, except little Freda, but as she 
is only one year old, there is plenty of time for 
her to receive her share of the educational ad- 
vantages, as well as all other good things that are 
within the power of her parents to bestow. 

Mr. Boenker remained in the grocer}^ business 
until 1873, when he sold out and purchased his 
present farm of four hundred acres. This farm is 
one of the best in the county, and is all under a 
high state of cultivation. His residence is a fine 
large structure, well and comfortably furnished, 
and the barns and other buildings are large and 
commodious. He is well supplied with all the 



necessary farming implements of the latest im- 
proved pattern, and. being .a progressive agricult- 
urist, his crops arc .always abundant and of the 
best. Sir. Boeuker makes a specialty of stock-rais- 
ing, and in this branch of industry he excels. He 
keeps the best grades of all kinds of stock, such as 
Durham cattle, Poland-China hogs, etc., and his 
aim is to elevate the standard and improve the 
quality of the different breeds in his immediate 
neighborhood and county. 

Politically our subject has always been a stanch 
Republican, and takes a deep interest in the suc- 
cess of that party. He and his excellent wife are 
both ardent members of the Lutheran Cliurch at 
Harvester, this coiiutv. 

of the woi'thy German-American citizens 
of St. Charles County. Since 185G he has 
made his home on his present farm, situated in 
township 47, range 4. He has cleared off the tim- 
ber, erected a good house, and made many impor- 
tant improvements upon the place, which is one of 
the best farms in the locality. 

The parents of our subject were John Herman 
and Mary A. (Sprengle) Bekebrede. They were 
both natives of Hanover, Germany, the father's 
birth having occurred M.arch 25, 1793, and that of 
his wife May 22, 1796. Jolin H. Bekebrede fol- 
lowed farming during his entire life, and was very 
successful in that pursuit. In 1835 he came to 
America with his wife and four children, and as 
he liad a brother living in this county at the lime 
he was induced to come here. On his arrival he 
first rented a small farm two miles east of the one 
now owned by our subject, and at the end of three 
years removed to what is now known as the Bruns 
Farm, south of tlie Brunswick Road. This place 
of sixty acres was covered with a heav^' growth of 
timber, and for some years the father and his sons 
had plenty of work to do in clearing and improv- 
ing the land. For twenty-seven years the senior 

Mr. Bekebrede continued to dwell thereon. He 
died December 10, 1880, being in his eighty-seventh 
year. His wife died on the old homestead in 1861. 
Of the seven children born to them, only three 
are now living. Catherine, the widow of Henry 
Moehlenkanip, who died in 1857, is now living on 
a farm near Harvester, this count}'. Herman D. 
is the next in order of birth. Mary, wl o became 
the wife of Diedrich Ehlman, now of St. Charles, 
was called to her final rest .January 20, 1891. 
Henry, who was born on the ocean, married Annie 
Rudhouse, and is engaged in farming near our sub- 
ject. Annie, deceased, was the wife of Hermann 
Meers, a farmer of this county, whose sketch ap- 
pears elsewhere in this work. The sixth child of 
the family died in infanc}' unnamed, and the 
youngest, Anna Martha, died at the age of nine 

The birth of our subject occurred in Hanover, 
Germanj', December 1, 1829. When he was six 
years old he crossed the ocean with his parents and 
took up his residence in St. Charles County. His 
early years were passed in assisting his father in 
farm work, and he has continued to follow this 
calling during his mature life. April 1, 1856, he 
married Miss Annie Floatman, who was born in 
Prussia, Germany, September 14, 1834. Her par- 
ents, Francis and Christina (Rarban) Floatman, 
both natives of Germany, died in this county. 

After his marriage our subject continued to make 
his home with his father, assisting in the manage- 
ment of the farm until November, 1856, when he 
removed to his present place. He had previously 
bought the farm, and after his father's death lie 
purchased the interest of the other heirs. He is a 
practical and thorough agriculturist, attending in- 
dustriouslj' to all departments of farm work, and 
keeps evei\vthing up in a thrifty manner. For 
four years he was Road Overseer of this township, 
with the best interests of which he has ever been 
identified. During the war he did not enlist in 
the regular arm}', but was a member of the local 
Home Guards. In politics he is a Republican, and 
in the interest of his party never fails to deposit 
his ballot. 

Four children have blessed the union of our sub- 
ject and his worthy wife. Henry, who was born 



September 17, 1859, and is an enterprising young 
farmer in this township, married Matilda Poza, 
July 13, 1880. Elizal)eth. born July 1, 1861, was 
married September 8, 1880, to Henry Sanford, now 
City Clerk of St. Charles. George, born October 
31, 1865, married Miss Eda Bruns, September 19, 
1893, and is now a resident of St. Charles; and 
Wilhelmena, born June 8, 1875, is still living with 
her parents. These cliildien received good educa- 
tional advantages in the county schools. Our sub- 
ject also received his mental training in the local 
schools, but ills wife was educated in Germany. 
They are faithful members of the German Lutheran 
Church of St. Charles, and are much respected citi- 
zens of this community. 



ROBERT B. BRADSHAW, one of the exten- 
sive agriculturists of St. diaries County, 
is the proprietor of a valuable homestead 
in township 47, range 8. He is a native of this 
county, within whose boundaries the main part of 
bis life has been passed. He well recollects when 
wild turkeys and otlier game could be found in 
abundance in this region, and has been a witness 
of the progress and development which have grad- 
ually transformed this portion of the state. 

Born in St. Charles August 7, 1842, 'Mr. Brad- 
shaw is one of four children whose parents were 
George and Juliet (Peterson) Bradshaw. The fa- 
ther was born in Virginia, but removed to Mis- 
souri at an early da}-, settling in Cape Girardeau, 
where he did considerable trading, and farmed at 
the same time. Subsequently he removed to St. 
Charles, and shortly after the birth of his son 
Robert went to Cuba, leaving his family in St. 
Charles. Before many months had elapsed, word 
came to tlie wife that her husband had died of the 
yellow fever. As she was left with very small 
means at the time of her husband's death, Robert 
Bradshaw received only meager educational ad- 
vantages, and was obliged to early earn his own 
livelihood. The support of his mother also fell 

upon his young shoulders, and for about twelve 
years he followed the business of rafting logs down 
the Mississippi to St. Louis. In 1862 lie bought a 
house and lot in Portage Des Sioux, whore his 
mother resided until her death, which occurred in 
1870, at the age of sixty-eight years. In 1869 the 
\'oung man rented land, and lor live years en- 
gaged in farming. 

About 1874 Mr. Bradshaw purchased one hun- 
dred and eight acres of his present farm, which 
was then all heavily timbered. He began with 
great energy to improve the place, cleared the 
land for the reception of crops, and at the end of 
five 3'ears bought another tract of one hundred 
acres. Since that time he has become the owner 
of additional land, until he now possesses some 
four hundred and forty acres. About thirty acres 
of his farm have been washed away by the encroach- 
ing river, but he still owns as much as he can well 
take care of. 

In February, 1869, Mr. Bradshaw married Miss 
Martha, daughter of William Blend. They had 
two children : Paris, who is married, and Robert, 
now deceased. The wife and mother was called 
to her final rest in 1872. Two years later our sub- 
ject wedded Margaret Curns, and during their 
fourteen years of married life two children were 
born to them, Rosa and Florentine, both of whom 
are now married. On the 6th of October, 1889, 
Mr. Bradshaw married Amanda (Hawk) Treadway, 
widow of William D. Treadway, by whom she had 
three children, John Clifton, James H. and Nora C. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Bradshaw have been born a son 
and daughter, Robert B. and Jessie. Mrs. Brad- 
shaw is a daughter of Daniel and Eliza Ann (Bar- 
gain) Hawk. Of their children seven daughters 
and two sons, all are living and married. They 
are named as follows: David C, Samuel M., Ma- 
linda J., Anna, Isabelle, Caroline, Hannah M., 
Amanda and Maggie. 

Mr. Bradshaw possesses a large fund of informa- 
tion, is an interesting speaker, and many en- 
joyable reminiscences and stories of former days. 
Among the recollections of his boyhood is that of 
a story told him b3' his mother of an aunt of hers, 
who in the early days in Virginia lost her hus- 
band and all of her slaves. The Indians burned 



her home, in which was the unfortunate man, and 
the slaves were taken prisoners. The aunt escaped 
with her bab\- and hid in a whe.atfield until the 
dano-er was p.assed. Through the efforts of a 
brother, the slaves were subsequently returned to 
their owner. Politically Mr. Bradshaw is identified 
with the Republican party. In his religious con- 
victions he is a Catholic. 


yyv DWARD BOSCHERT is one of the honored 
r C) sons of St. Charles County, his birth hav- 
ing occurred on the same old homestead 
which is now in his possession. His grandfather 
purchased this tract of eighty acres, and also an 
additional like amount, soon after the floods of 
1844, paying $4 per acre for the same. Mr. Bos- 
chert's father bought eighty acres of this about 
1858, paying $30 per acre, and in 1890, when our 
subject became the owner of the land, he paid $125 
for the same, which shows how land has steadily 
increased in value in this region. 

The birth of Edward Boschert occurred August 
30, 1861, his parents being Joseph P. and Marie 
(Walter) Boschert, who had eleven other children, 
six boys and two girls still surviving. Tlie pater- 
nal grandparents of our subject died in this coun- 
ty, the grandfather when about thirtj-eight years, 
and his wife when thirty-six years, of age. One of 
their children, Mrs. Weber, became the owner of a 
portion of the old farm by purchase. Mr. and 
Mrs. Joseph Boschert, who are aged respectively 
fifty-seven and fifty-four years, are both hale and 
hearty, and are carrying on the old Johnson place, 
near St. Charles. Some of the land owned by the 
father and adjoining tlie homestead of Edward 
Boschert is worked by brothers of the latter. Dur- 
ing tlie Rebellion our subject's father served in the 
Missouri State Militia, being obliged to leave his 
wife and several small children without protection 
during liis absence. 

Tlie early education of Edward Boschert was at- 
tained in the district schools near the parental 

home, and for nearly a year he pursued his studies 
in St. Mary's College at St. Mary's, Kan. Novem- 
ber 20, 1883, he married Elizabeth, daughter of 
Frank and Elizabeth (Niggemeyer) Linnebur. 
Mrs. Boschert is one of ten children, all but one of 
whom are still living. Her grandparents, who lived 
to a ripe old age, died in this county, while her 
parents have for the past eight years lived in Kan- 
sas. Formerly thej' lived on a large farm situated 
on the Missouri River, within this count}-, but two 
hundred acres of this were swept away by floods 
from 1870 up to 1876. Mr. and Mrs. Boschert 
have six children: Mary Soph}', Edwin John, Leo 
Henry, Eugene Edward, Julius Aloysius and Theo- 
dore Wendelin. 

Mr. Boschert has his farm all under good culti- 
vation, and most of it is used for raising grain. 
From thirty to forty head of cattle and a number 
of good horses are always kept on hand by the 
owner. For seventeen years he has held the posi- 
tion of Clerk of the district schools, and was for- 
merly a School Director, but resigned on account 
of being elected Road Overseer, a place which 
he now fills bj' appointment through the County 
Court. Many improvements, in the shape of ditches, 
roads, etc., have been made of late years in this 
county, but Mr. Boschert remembers the time when, 
owing to the uncleared and undrained state of the 
country, chills and fever were very prevalent. He 
and his near neighbors have been very fortunate, 
in that their land has never been damaged by flood, 
cyclone, or from any other cause. The lowest 
average crop of corn on his own farm was in 1877, 
when his land yielded thirty bushels per acre. He 
predicts a prosperous future for this district, judg- 
ing from the improved condition of roads, which 
enables farmers to get their produce to shipping 
points easily. Mr. Boschert is very enthusiastic 
over the St. Charles "white corn," which brings 
the best price in the market, and which he believes 
can be raised to advantage in no other section of 
the United States. It commands from one and 
a-half to two cents per bushel above the market 
quotations for any other variety. 

In company with several gentlemen, neighbors, 
Mr. Boschert became interested about a year ago 
in buying a certain ditch, which was of great 



damage to the property whicli it traversed, and tliej' 
accordingly purcbased it outright. VVIien Mrs. 
Boscliert's father left this locality for Kansas some 
years ago, he wrote frc(nienlly recommending the 
family to remove thither and there invest in land, 
which was vcr^' cheap and good, but Mr. Boschcrt 
chose to remain, being firmly convinced of the 
prosperous future of this section, and he has never 
seen occasion to regret his decision. In his religious 
belief he is a Catholic, and regularly attends the 
German church of that faith. He has never been 
a politician, and always made it his rule to 
vote for those whom he considers the best men, 
regardless of part}' lines. 

■f" GUIS BOLM, an enterprising and prosper- 
I Cy ous merchant of New Boston, in AVarren 
Count}', is a native of this county, and 
has long been identified with whatever pertains to 
her best interests. He carries a well selected stock 
of dry goods, groceries, tinware, hardware, sad- 
dlery and harness, queensware, boots and shoes, 
and, in short, everything usually found in a first- 
class general store. In IS'JO he came to his pres- 
ent location, and in the short time which has 
elapsed since then has built up a truly enviable 
name for integrity, fair dealing and courtesy to- 
ward his customers. 

John Bolm, the father of our subject, was born 
in Germany, and in his native land was united in 
marriage with Miss Dora Waldermott, also of Ger- 
man birth. The young cou|)le crossed the Atlantic 
about 1844, and soon after settled in Warrenton. 
Mr. Bolm was a gardener by occupation, which 
calling he followed in Germany, but after coming 
to the United States he embarked in farming, and 
successfully operated a homestead for some twenty 
years or more. He then engaged in the milling 
business at Warrenton, and is still interested in a 
well established plant. Though he is now in his 
seventy-ninth year, he is still in the enjoyment of 
good health, as is also his wife, who is just five 

years her husband's junior, both their birthdays 
falling on April 5. 

The birth of Louis Bolm, who is the liftli in a 
family of eight children, occurred in 18.53. After 
completing his district-school education, he en- 
tered the Central Wesleyan College at Warrenton, 
and at the age of twenty-five years started out to 
make his own way in the world. He learned the 
carpenter's trade, which he followed for about four 
years. Then for a similar period of time he was 
engaged in general merchandising at Hopewell 
Academy, and in 1890 opened a store at New Bos- 
ton. He is among the best known and most suc- 
cessful young business men in this section, and 
uses his judgment in the selection of his stock and 
in meeting the demands of the trade. In politics 
he uses his right of franchise in support of the 
Republican party, but has never served in a public 

The marriage of Louis Bolm and Miss Mary 
Kunze was celebrated April 27, 1883. Mrs. Bolm 
is a daughter of Herman and Louisa (Rethorst) 
Kunze, the former a native of Germany, and the 
latter of Missouri. The union of our subject and 
wife has been blessed by the birth of three chil- 
dren, one of whom was called to the silent land 
while in early childhood. A little son and daugh- 
ter remain to cheer and brighten their [laients' 
home, namely: Robert and Lulu. Mr. and Mrs. 
Bolm are not members of any church, but affiliate 
with the P-vangelical congregation. 


JOHN II. OELKLAUS for more than a quarter 
of a century has made his home upon the 
farm in township 46, range 4, where he still 
resides, and to the cultivation of which he 
devotes his entire attention. He is a great lover 
of fruit culture, and has a fine apple orchard on 
liis farm, besides a large amount of small fruit. 
Born in Prussia, Germany, June 23, 1832, he is 
the only son of William Adolph and Catrina 
(Whittenhay) Oelklaus, also natives of Germany. 



His parents emigrated to America in 1835, when 
our subject was but three years of age. Having 
friends in St. Charles, they at once came here, and 
located in township 46, wliere the father purchased 
a small farm of forty acres, one mile from the 
farm our subject now occupies, and some time 
after added thirty acres more, making in all sev- 
enty acres. This place remained his home until 
his death, which occurred in 1892, the mother 
having preceded him to the land beyond by a num- 
ber of years. 

The father was twice married, the second wife 
being Mrs. Mary Holgarh, who still survives and 
resides on the old homestead. Three children were 
born of this union, William, Fritz and John J., 
but all are deceased. Our subject remained with 
his father, assisting him in the various duties of 
the farm, until 1855, when he purchased eighty- 
two acres of land near his old home, and began 
the battle of life for himself. Of this land he 
afterward sold seven acres to the city of St. Charles 
to be used as a cemetery, for which puipose it is 
still used. 

The lady who, on the 19th of August, 1858, be- 
came the wife of Mr. Oelklaus was formerly Miss 
Catherine Elizabeth Wallenbrook,a native of Ger- 
many. She was the eldest of eight children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. John H. Wallenbrook, six of whom 
are living, as follows: Catherine E., Henry, Fred- 
erick, Sophia, Hermann and Lizzie. The parents 
came to America in 1841, and settled in this coun- 
ty, where they still reside. Six children blessed 
the union of John H. and Catherine E. Oelklaus: 
Henry, Fritz, Julius, William, Hilda and Bennie. 
All are at home with the exception of Henry, who 
died in infancy, and Fritz, who is a farmer in Ma- 
con County, 111. Thej' also have under their roof 
an orphan child, Emma Crack by name, whom the^- 
have taken to rear. She was only five years old 
when she came to make her home with them. 

Mr. Oelklaus has lived on his present farm since 
his marriage, and is considered one of the best farm- 
ers in his locality. His crops yield an abundant har- 
vest yearly, and his orchard is widely known as one 
of the best in the county. A hard-working, honest 
farmer all his life, he has accumulated a fair share 
of this world's goods, and although still in his 

prime can rest from his labor and enjoy the fruits 
of honest toil and a life well spent in the perform- 
ance of his duty to his family and friends. His 
children have all had the advantages of the public 
schools, and have good common educations. 

The Presbyterian Church of St. Charles num- 
bers among its best and most influential members 
Mr. and Mrs. Oelklaus. They are always foremost 
in all good work, and give liberally to the spread 
of the Gospel. In his political connections the 
former is identiSed with the Republican party, and 
gives his support and influence toward the success 
of its chosen leaders. 

"T—jJ-P-H-l— p*i 

f'n ^ ■. ■* ■ II uuoi 

BERNARD BOERDING is one of the most 
prominent and highly respected farmers of 
township 47, range 5, St. Charles County. 
He is pre-eminently a self-made man, as he landed 
in St. Charles with only a $5 bill in his pocket, 
and all of his wealth has been made by liimself, with 
the assistance of his estimable wife. The first land 
which he purchased was in 1864, a tract of sixty- 
six acres, and now he owns altogether three hun- 
dred and twenty-eight and a-half acres, well im- 
proved, and valued at over 130,000. His career 
has been such that his friends and neighbors may 
surely hold him up as an example to the rising 
generation of what may be accomplished by zeal 
and energy. 

Mr. Boerding was born in Telgte, Westphalia, 
Germany, October 10, 1825, being one of the six 
children of Wilhelm and Anna Marie (Greiwe) 
Boerding. The father died when our subject was 
very young, but his mother lived to reach her 
eighty-fourth year, dying in Germany. All of 
the other members of the family are also deceased. 
Bernard Boerding was reared on the farm of his 
step-father, as his mother married after the death 
of her first husband. His education was obtained 
in the public schools, and, as was the custom, he 
was obliged to join the German army in his twen- 



ty-first year. He served from 1846 until 1851, 
during wliicb period occurred the Revolution of 
1848. Wben bis term of duty bad expired tbe 
young mnu continued to live in tbe Fatberland 
for anotiicr year, and tben set sail from Brcmer- 
baven to New Orleans. 

From the Crescent City our subject came at 
once to this county, where be worked for a year 
as a farm band, receiving $5 or |!6 per month 
wages. The next two years be was in the employ 
of Dr. Ferguson, who gave him -iilO, and later $12, 
per month. This was during tbe years 1853 and 
1854, and then for a short time he worked for tbe 
father of J. H. Bode, now editor of tbe St. Charles 

May 7, 1857, Mr. Boerding married Anna Marie 
Reiling, whose parents weie natives of Germany. 
Of this marriage eleven children were born, three 
of whom are deceased. Those living are as fol- 
lows: Anna, who is married and has three chil- 
dren ; Theodore, who is also married, and tlie father 
of one child; Wilhelm, whose wife died leaving a 
child, which is now being reared by our subject 
and bis wife; Elizabeth, who resides at liome; 
Bernard, a young man now working for his father; 
Henry, nineteen years of age, also living at tbe 
old homestead; and Stei)ben and Joseph, twins, 
sixteen years old. 

As formerly noted, Mr. Boerding worked for 
several years for different parties, and during this 
period laid aside a certain portion of bis earnings, 
with which, in 1864, he bought sixty-six acres of 
land. Six or seven j'ears later he added thereto 
eighty acres, in 1877 one hundred and two and 
a-balf acres, and in 1892 seventy acres more. In 
addition to this be owns ten acres of timber-land, 
which be purch.ased some twenty years ago, bis 
possessions now aggregating three hundred and 
twenty-eight and a-half acres. His son Theodore 
cultivates tbe farm of one hundred and two and 
a-balf acres, and Wilbelm has charge of tbe sev- 
enty-acre farm. Tbe remainder, one hundred and 
forty-six acres, is taken care of by Mr. Boerding. 
He has a good orchard with over seventy trees, 
which bear an abundance of fruit. His sons pay 
him a certain sum as rent for the farms which they 
have charge of, and Mr. Boerding and his wife 

have ample means with which to pass their last 
years in comfort and luxury. 

During the late Civil War our subject was a 
Lieutenant in a Home Guard company of tbe Mis- 
souri State Militia. In politics he deposits his 
ballot in favor of the Democratic party, and in his 
religious belief he and bis family adhere to the 
Catholic faith. 


T7> DWARD EVERETT GRAY, a native son 
I C) of Missouri, has for several years made his 
home in township 48, range 6, St. Charles 
County-. He advocates providing good educa- 
tional facilities for tbe rising generation, and iias 
faithfully served for five years as Clerk of tbe 
School Board. He is a highly respected citizen, 
who is known to be always on tbe side of riiibt and 

The parents of our subject were James and 
Rachael (Roy) Gray. Tliey bad a family of seven 
children, five of whom were sons and two daugh- 
ters. Three sons and a daughter are the only sur- 
vivors of this family circle: Oscar M.. who is mar- 
ried and has seven children; William M.; Anna, 
Mrs. Kilgore; and Edward p]verett. In 1844 
James Gray removed to St. Louis from Richmond, 
Va., and for two years thereafter was employed in 
a wholesale grocery bouse. He was industrious 
and thrifty, and during this time managed to lay 
aside a certain sum of money, which, with some 
$2,000 lie had brought from Virginia, he invested 
in land. His farm comprised three hundred and 
sixty acres, situated in Portage Township, tiiis 
county. From time to time, as his resources in- 
creased, be added to this tract, until be had alto- 
gether nearly twelve hundred acres. In 1868 be 
disposed of a portion of this land and opened a 
store in Carrollton, Mo., which be operated for 
three years. Subsequently he engaged in preach- 
ing in tbe locality of bis home. For four years he 
was Sheriff of St. Charles County. Just prior to 
bis election he was waited upon by a number of 



men, whose spokesman made this little opening 
speech: "Gray, we are twenty-five strong here, and 
if you will treat us to a pint of whiskey we will 
vole solidly for you." The answer of the sturdy 
and upright man was very characteristic: "Men, 
if a pint of whiskey would buy every vote in St. 
Charles County, I would not give it. I am not 
getting my votes by the aid of whiskey." Mrs. 
Rachael Gray died in 1866, and three years later 
James Gray married Miss Emma Muir, by whom 
he had a son and daughter. The former is de- 
ceased, and the latter, Gustavus H., is still living. 
The father died in February, 1881, at the age of 
sixty-four years. 

Edward Everett Gray was born in Boone Coun- 
ty, Mo., November 13, 1858. His youtii was passed 
under the parental roof, with tiie exception of the 
two years succeeding his mother's death, when he 
lived with his sister. Until seventeen years of age 
he attended the common scliools of the district 
more or less, and then pursued his higher studies 
for a vear in tiie New Stoddard Scliool at St. 
Louis. Following that he was for a year and a- 
half an attendant at the Polytechnic School in the 
same city. On leaving that institution lie secured 
a position with the Scruggs, Vanderbilt & Barney 
Dry Goods Company, with which firm he remained 
only a short time, resigning his place in order to 
accept a better one with the Simmons Hardware 
Company. Owing to poor health, however, he 
soon found that he should be obliged to give up a 
sedentary life and pass his time in the open air. 

About 1882 Mr. Gray came to St. Cliarles Coun- 
ty and took charge of his brother's farm for two 
seasons. By this time, having become interested 
in agricultural duties, he rented the place where he 
still resides, and to the cultivation of which he has 
since directed his energies with good success. This 
farm numbers within its boundaries some two 
hundred acres, is well improved with good fences 
and buiUlings, and is kept up in a thrifty manner 
by the proprietor. 

October 8, 1883, Mr. Gray wedded Anna Stone- 
braker. Her parents are Morris and Fannie (Bas- 
sett) Stonebraker, whose family numbered four 
sons and five daughters, the latter of whom are 
still living, tliough two of the sons have been 

called from the home circle by death. The fol- 
lowing children have come to bless the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Gray: Eliza, Luella, OUie. Tott, 
Morris and Howard. 

On the question of politics Mr. Gray uses his 
ballot in favor of and is a firm believer in the 
principles of the Delnoerac3^ He and his family 
are members and regular attendants of the Method- 
ist Church and take an active part in its various 
departments of usefulness. 


WILLIAM N. SCHAFER is a native of 
St. Charles County, his birth having oc- 
curred near the city of the same name, 
July 4, 1833. His farm, on which his home is sit- 
uated, is one of the best to be found in township 
47, and is on range 5. Having by former years of 
industry acquired sufficient means to pass in com- 
fort the remainder of his life, he now rents liis land 
to a good tenant, though still remaining in the com- 
modious and pleasant residence in which he has so 
long resided. 

Mr. Schafer is a son of Frederick Samuel and 
Catherine (Becker) Schafer, whose family com- 
prised six children, all but one now living. They 
emigrated to the United States in 1833 from West- 
phalia, Germany, engaging passage in a sailing- 
vessel going by wa}' of Bremerhaven and landing 
at Baltimore. F^rom tliatcity they proceeded over- 
land to St. Louis, where they staid for a short time, 
and then settled permanentl}' in this county, on a 
place one mile west of St. Charles. As this was in 
the spring of 1833, the Schafers were among the 
early settlers of the county. The father bought 
two hundred acres, wliich were heavily timbered, 
and at once gave his attention to clearing liis land 
and cultivating his farm. In time he added a tract 
of fifty acres to his original propert}', and became 
well off financially. In old age he retired from 
active cares to St. Charles City, where the remain- 
der of his life was spent. He died at the age of 
eighty-six years, while his wife, whose death re- 



suited from dropsy of the heart, lived to attain her 
seventy-sixlli year. 

Our subject gave his time to his father until he 
reached his majority, and received a common- 
school education. At tlie age of twenty-one he 
went to St. Louis, and there embarked in the mer- 
cantile business. This was in the year 1854, and 
he became a member of the then well known firm 
of R. S. f]ddy & Posey, as a silent partner, the firm 
name remaining unchanged. At the end of two 
years Mr. Schafer retired from the business, and a 
year later began farming on the old homestead of 
his wife's parents. 

January 28, 1857, Mr. Schafer married Catherine, 
only child of Pierre and Margaret (Obershaur) 
Cornoyer. The parents were born and reared in 
this county, and here resided until death. The fa- 
ther died at the age of sixty-five years, while his 
wife departed this life in her seventy-fourth year. 
Nine children graced the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Schafer, but only three sons and a daughter remain 
to them. The eldest, Pierre G., is married and 
has a little daughter, Marguerite; Marguerite, also 
married, has a daughter, Catharine; Henry L., un- 
married, resides at home, as does also Leonard C, 
the youngest of the family, who now holds the office 
of Deputy Clerk of St. Cliarles County. 

As Mr. Schafer's father sold his farm to his other 
son about thirty years ago, our subject purchased 
the property of his wife's father, and continued 
to cultivate the same until 1893, when he retired. 
His only brother bequeathed the paternal estate to 
Ills widow and one child, and the latter has since 
become the sole owner of the farm. Mr. Schafer 
added about one hundred acres to the original 
Cornoyer farni and he is now the owner of one 
hundred and seventy-six acres. In order to partly 
employ his time he raises a few vegetables for 
table and also fodder for his cattle, but other- 
wise his time is passed in restful pursuits. 

During the Rebellion Mr. Schafer served in the 
Home Guard Militia during about three years with 
interruptions, and until the close of the war ren- 
dered his further duty unnecessary. He has never 
held public office of any kind, but is interested in 
the welfare of the community. He was early in- 
culcated in the doctrines and principles of the 

Democratic party, to which he still holds firm. 
Religiously he is a monibcr of the Presbyterian 
Church; his wife and children belong to the Cath- 
olic Chu.-ch. By those who are well acquainted 
with him he is held to be a man of sterling worth 
and strict intea;ritv. 


-r OUIS AND HP:NRY MERX, members of the 
I O firm known as L. & H. Merx, are dealers in 
general merchandise in Cottleville. They 
are both natives of this place, and are numbered 
among its leading and progressive young mer- 
chants. Though the main portion of their lives 
thus far has been spent on a farm, from the time 
they turned their attention to commercial pursuits 
they have been greatly prospere(L and have a 
promising career lying before them. 

The parents of the gentlemen just mentioned 
were Adam and Mary (Graushar) Merx. They were 
both born in German v, where they lived until 
1848. At that time thej- decided to try their fort- 
unes in the United States, and proceeded direct to 
this county. For a few years the father was en- 
gaged in running a saloon and grocery in Cottle- 
ville. Selling out his business, he then tried his 
hand at farming, and bought a tract comprising 
two hundred and three acres near this village. For 
about twenty years he operated the farm success- 
fully, making a good competence for his family. 
On his death, which occurred in 1879, his widow 
sold the farm and came to pass her remaining 
years with her children in Cottleville. 

The union of Adam and Mary Merx was blessed 
with eight children, all of whom are still living. 
The eldest, Adam, unmarried, lives with his mother; 
Mary became the wife of J. C. Biukcrt, who is bar- 
tender for Mr. Kohlenhofer, of Cottleville; Lizzie 
became the wife of (icorge Kolileiiliofer, whose 
sketch appears elsewhere in this volume; John, 
who married Minnie Kessler, is engaged in the 
meat business here; Charlie, a carpenter b}' trade, 
married Rosanna Kohlhepp; Louis is also married; 



l.oiia manied Edward Freese, of Cottleville; and 
lloiiiv, who is unmanied, lives at home witli his 
inolhei-. Ail of the cliildren were given good 
common-school educations, and are useful citizens 
of this locality. 

Louis IMerx, senior member of the firm of L. <fe 
II. Merx. was born October 8, 1865, and passed his 
youth upon his father's farm. March 7, 1893, in 
company with his brother Henry, he bought his 
present business. Though less than two ^ears have 
passed they have built up a good reputation for 
fair dealing, reliability of the merchandise which 
they keep, and their strict integrity in every re- 
-pect. In October, 1893, Louis Merx married Miss 
Lucy Iffrig, who was horn at Weldon Spring, 
this count}-, in 1864. Mrs. Merx is a daughter of 
Peter and Anna (Pfaff) Iffrig. The young couple 
live on a well improved homestead, situated a mile 
north of Cottleville. 

Both Louis and Henry Merx are members of the 
Lutheran Evangelical Church of this place, and in 
politics they are both identified with the Republi- 
can party. 

REV. JAMES REID has been pastor of the 
Second Street Baptist Church of St. 
Charles for the past six j'ears. He is a 
native of Missouri, his birth having occurred near 
Auburn, Lincoln County, P^ebruarj' 18, 1838. The 
father of our subject, James Reid, Sr., was born 
August 4. 1799, in Virginia, and when about ten 
years of age removed with his parents to Ken- 
tucky. His education was limited to that of the 
primitive schools of the day, and from his youth 
he engaged in farming operations. The manage- 
ment of his estate was usually left to an overseer, 
while the proprietor pursued the occupation which 
lie preferred, that of surveying and civil engineer- 
ing. In the spring of 1830 he removed to Lincoln 
County, Mo., where he had purchased a farm the 
previous fall. Going back to Kentucky, he was 
married, January 7, 1830, to iMiss Lucy, daughter 
of George and Amy (Newland) Robinson, natives 

of Virginia. His bride was born in Kentucky, 
July 25, 1808, and was called to her final rest 
April 21, 1886. The demise of James Reid oc- 
curred Februar}' 1, 1871. 

Of the seven children born to James and Lucy 
Reid, our subject is the fourth in order of birth. 
The others are as follows: Amy Jane, deceased, for- 
merly the wife of N. A. Harvey, a farmer and mer- 
chant of Lincoln County; Ann Isabella, who died 
in infancy; Thomas Robinson, connected with the 
Keokuk & Northern Railroad; Frances E., wife of 
William Finlcy, a farmer near Auburn, Mo.; a twin 
of Frances E., who died in infancy; and George 
Alexander. The latter was killed by a mob when 
about twenty-one years of age, while attending a 
political meeting in the Southern Methodist Epis- 
copal Church at Troy, Mo., in 1864. 

The primary education of Rev. James Reid was 
secured in the schools of his native county. At 
the age of fourteen jears he entered Prairieville 
Academy, an institution wliich was founded by his 
father and a few neighbors, and was placed under 
the charge of Judge E. M. Bonfils. In 1856, aft- 
er a four-years course, the 3'outh was graduated, 
and subsequently, until 1864, taught school in 
Pike County; then going to Nebraska, he engaged 
in teaching for a year in Cummings City, Washing- 
ton Count}'. The following year he returned to 
this state and, in company with M. S. Goodman, 
opened a high school at Clarksville, teaching math- 
ematics and the higher branches. 

In March, 1868, Mr. Reid went to Jackson, Cape 
Girardeau County, where he filled the pulpit of a 
Baptist Church, and instituted the Fairview Fe- 
male Seminary, of which he was not only superin- 
tendent, but Professor of Mathematics. At the 
end of eight years, or in 1876, he returned to Pike 
County and preached for country congregations 
for four years. In 1880 he was called to the pul- 
pit of the Baptist Church at Vandalia, Mo., where 
he remained until the spring of 1888, being then 
sent to his present charge by the State Mission 
Board. Reared in the faith of the old Covenant- 
ers, he united with the church in 1858, but m Au- 
gust, 1867, identified himself with the Baptists, and 
In the following October was ordained to the min- 
istry. His first charge was at Jackson, where with- 



in a year or less he baptized seven young men who 
subsequently entered tlie ministry of tlie denom- 
ination. Since coming to St. Charles he has bap- 
tized a German Methodist Episcopal minister, wlio 
is now building up a Uaptist congregation in soutli- 
ern St. Louis. 

January 19, ISfia, Mr. Reid married Mrs. Hetty 
A. (English) Rodney. Her parents, Albert G.and 
Nancy (Renfro) Englisli, were natives of Louisi- 
ana and Georgia, respectively. Their eldest child, 
Arthur, is deceased, as are also Sinai and Nancy, 
next younger than Mrs. Reid. Alberta became 
the wife of James W. Smitli, a farmer of Howard 
County, Mo. Columbia Obannan, a half-sister, 
was a child of Mrs. English by a former mai-riage. 

The wife of our subject born in Jackson, Mo., 
August 20, 1838, and received her education in 
Washington Female Seminary, of Cape Girardeau, 
and in .St. Vincent's Convent, whicli she entered 
at the age of fifteen years. In 185G she married 
Joiin P. Rodney, whose death occurred May 10, 
1865. They became the parents of two children : 
Albert, who died in infancy; and Anna, wife of 
James W. Shaw, who has been for thirteen years 
bookkeeper for the Kinsley- Tobacco Company, of 
Louisiana, Mo. August 10, 1870, there was born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Reid a son, James A., now a prac- 
ticing physician near Jackson. Mo. He was ed- 
ucated in William Jewell College of Liberty. Mo., 
which he attended for five years. In the fall of 
1889 he taught one term of school, and then en- 
tered the Marion Simms Medical College, of St. 
Louis, where he graduated in 1892. The follow- 
ing year he was an instructor in Barnes Medical 
College, where he pursued a supplementary course 
of study. In 1893 he graduated from that insti- 
tution and was soon afterward offered elector- 
ship on myology in the college. However, he 
preferred to follow his chosen profession, and 
opened an olHce in Fruitland, near Jackson, this 
state, where he is meeting with merited success. 
October 25, 1894, he married Miss Clara Mitchel, 
who was boin July 1, 1870. in Pike County, Mo., 
her parents also being natives of this state. 

Though reared as a Whig, Mr. Keid never attili- 
ated with any party, preferring to be independent^ 
but since the organization of the Prohibition party 

he has been one of its most enthusiastic supporters. 
Mrs. Agnes Ballon, the great-grandmother of Mrs. 
Reid, the first person immersed west of the 
Mississippi. The following appears in the old 
church book of Bethel Baptist Congregation: '-In 
1798 Rev. Thomas Johnson, of Georgia, visited 
and preached at the house of Thomas Bull, and 
baptized Mrs. Agnes Ballou in Randall's Mill 
Creek, just below the mill, and gave her a certifi- 
cate of baptism." The church was organized in 
1806 the building being constructed of hewed 
poplar logs. It was demolished during the war, and 
the material used for a granary on the adjoining 
farm. Mr. Reid has a photograph of the old build- 
ing, and has a cane made from one of the logs. 
His paternal grandfather, Maj. Alexander Reid, 
was born April 28, 1766, and was of Scotch parent- 
age. On coming to America he first settled in 
South Carolina, thence removed to ^'irglnia, later 
to Kentucky, and finally came to Missouri, dying 
in Lincoln County during the '30s. His wife, 
whose maiden name was Jane Shannon, and who 
was born A|)ril 22, 1769, died in Lincoln County 
about 1852. George Robinson, our subject's ma- 
ternal grandfather, was born in Virginia, October 
12, 1771, being of Scotch descent. He removed to 
Kentucky at a very early day, and there his death 
occurred during the winter of 1861-62. His wife, 
Amy (nffi Newland), was probably a native Virgin- 
ian, and died in Kentuckv. 

the native-born sons of St. Charles 
County, is an old and respected citizen 
of township 47. range 4, where he owns a valualtle 
and well improved farm, consisting of one hundred 
acres. He is a self-inade man, having commenced 
his business career as a farm hand, and has reached 
his present i)osition of prosperity and influence 
through the exercise of his native characteristics of 
perseverance and untiring efTorl. For just thirty 
years he has been engaged in the cultivation of 



the liomestead where he still resides, and he is con- 
sidered one of the most practical farmers of the 

George llaffeikamp, the fatlier of W. G., was 
born in the vilLige of Menschlage, Hanover, Ger- 
many, and worked in a distillery for many years 
prior to his emigration to the United States. He 
married Miss Mary Curney, a native of the same 
town, and by their union three children were born. 
Herman, the eldest, left home at the age of twenty 
years, and has never since been heard from. Mary, 
the only daughter, is married and lives m Nash- 
ville, Tenn. With his family George Hafferkamp 
set sail for New Orleans, where they arrived on 
Christmas Day, 1837. They immediately continued 
their journey to St. Louis, where they remained 
for a short time, and then came to this county. 
The father bought a forty-acre tract of land three 
miles southeast of St. Charles, and lived there for 
some three years. While out rowing in a boat 
with a friend in 1840, the boat capsized and he 
was drowned. About a year later liis widow be- 
came the wife of George Malone, of this county. 
Mrs. Malone died at the end of a year, and her 
husband departed this life five years later, in 1847. 

William G. Hafferkamp was born in St. Charles, 
September 22, 1839, and was only a year old at 
the time of his father's death. After tlie demise 
of his step-father the farm belonging to him was 
rented out, and the boys worked for neighboring 
farmers. December 3, 1863, our subject married 
Miss Annie Hesskump, whose parents, Arnold H. 
and ^[argaret (Barklage) Hesskamp, were natives 
of Hanover, .\fter five years of wedded life Mrs. 
Hafferkamp was called to her tinal rest, March 16, 
1868, leaving two children, Herman and Emma. 

Soon after his first marriage our subject removed 
to the home farm, where he lived for a short time, 
and then, in 1864, bought seventy-seven acres of 
the farm which he now owns and operates. In the 
course of time he acquiied sullicient means to buy 
another Iweiity-lhree acres, thus making his farm 
one of one hundred acres. He luis placed good 
improvements on the estate, and keeps things up 
in a thrifty and praiseworthy manner. 

.March 16, 1870, \V. G. Hafferkamp married Miss 
Mary, daughter of Diedrich and Margaret (Hag- 

mann) Butter, both natives of Germany, but who 
died in this county. Three children have come 
to bless the union of our subject and his wife: 
George, born December 8, 1871; Minnie, Novem- 
ber 21, 1876; and Julia January 10, 1883. They 
are students in the school of their neighborhood, 
and are all living with their parents. 

During the late war Mr. Hafferkamp belonged 
to the Home Guards, but was never called into ac- 
tion. Foliticall3' he casts his vote with the Repub- 
lican party. In company with his wife he holds 
membership witli the German Lutheran Church at 
St. Charles, and enjoj's the respect of all who have 
the pleasure of his acquaintance. 





< T «)ILLIAM ACHELPOHL is one of the 

\/ \/ old residents of St. Charles County, as 
he has made his home within its bound- 
aries for the past forty-two j'ears. His farm is sit- 
uated in township 47, range 5 east, and in addi- 
tion to this tract, which he owns, he leases consid- 
erable other farm land. Though he has had to 
contend with many obstacles on the pathway to 
success, he has always been brave, and met adverse 
circumstances with courage and fortitude. On 
several occasions the floods of the Missouri River, 
on the banks of which his homestead is situated, 
have swept avtay his crops and done great damage. 
This was the case in 1892, when he lost his year's 
toil, his entire crops being washed awa}^ by the 
turbulent river. 

The birth of our subject occurred in the king- 
dom of Hanover, Germany, February 28, 1838. 
He was one of six children (four of whom, three 
sons and a daughter, survive) whose parents were 
Bernard and Catherine (Runde) Achelpohl. The 
father of the former died in Germanj', at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-one years. In 1850 Bei'nard 
Achelpohl emigrated to the United States, and aft- 
er his arrival in New Orleans worked for two 
years in order to obtain the money wherewith to 
bring his family to this land. This result was ae- 



coinplislied in 18o2, the father going to. lersey City, 
Miss., to ineel iiis loved ones. My trade, lie was a 
carpenter, and htii\ wc^rked at that calling in his 
native liind. Imt after settling in .Jersey City, Miss., 
he worked in a sawmill, and there secured a pos- 
ition for his sou William at hauling sawdust, for 
which he received ^1(1 (ler month. At the end of 
three months the family removed to St. Louis, and 
there remained while the father |)rospected in var- 
ious parts of Missouri for a small farm on which 
to settle. His means were extremely limited, K)ut 
he finally rented a tiny farjn near St. Charles, and, 
with 5590 in, bought two horses. On this farm 
they continued to reside for six jears, and as they 
were very poor these were years of privation and 
toil indeed. Oftentimes they were obliged to ex- 
change their giain and crops for meat and provis- 
ions. The parents were frugal and industrious, 
however, and by economizing and trading in one 
way or another, managed to save Ji'OOO in additif)n 
to providing fur the needs of the family. In li<58 
the father bought thirty acres of land near St. 
Charles, and his son William now resides on twen- 
ty acres which his father g-ive him some nine- 
teen years ago. 

William Achelpohl received his elementary ed- 
ucation ill (;cnnany, and since coining to the 
United States has actpiired a good knowledge of 
the English language. He was fourteen years old 
when he left the Fatherland, up to which time his 
life had been [lassed on a farm, where he learned 
a practical system of agriculture. He has made a 
success as a farmer, and is considered one of the 
most eiilerpiising German-American citizens of 
this community. From time to time as his means 
afforded he has added to his possessions, and about 
fourteen years since purchased sixty acres of land. 

In 1861, February 1.'?, Mv. Achelpohl married 
Miss .lohonor Hallemeier, whose death occurred in 
the year 1872, ISLarch 17. For his second wife our 
subject chose Miss Maria, daughter of .Joliii and 
Sophy (Shuster) Ossinbrink, the wedding cere- 
mony being performed .July 10, 1872. Mrs. Ach- 
elpohl IS one in a family numbering ten children, 
all of whom survive. Five children were born to 
our subject, the eldest of whom, Henry, died in 
1888. Those living are Lena, who is married and 

has become the mother of four children; Fred, who 
is married and is a leading dentist of St. Charles; 
Lizzie, wife of August Paul, by whom she has one 
child; and Minnie, who has recently married Henry 

In his political faith Mv. Achelpohl is a stanch 
Republican and is a true patriot. He is a devoted 
son of his adopted country, and in every wa3' pos- 
sible manifests his interest in her welfare and prog- 
ress. During the War of the Rebellion he served 
in the JMissouii State Militia, at intervals, for three 
years. Religiously he adheres to the Lutheran 
denomination, in which he was reared from boy- 

one of the foremost farmers of township 
48, range 6, is one of the old settlers of St. 
Charles County, within the boundaries of which 
he has resided for about a-quarter of a century. 
Arriving herewith only tvventy-(ive cents in liis 
pocket and barel^' ^.5 worth of clothes, but possessed 
of those sturdy German characteristics which almost 
invariably bring success, he has kept industriously 
and perseveringly the goal of prosperity* in view 
which now rewards his toil. 

February 11), 1844, the birth of iMr. Schnarrc 
took place in Prussia. lie is a son of .lohn Fred 
and Henrietta (Kleasner) Schnarre. Six of this 
worthy couple's children are now living. Minnie, 
who is a widow anil has three children, has come 
to America; Fred is married and has live children; 
Henry is married and is the father of live chil- 
dren; Louise, who is married, has two children; 
and t!liarles is the remaining son. The sketch of 
Vie(\ (or Fritz) Schnarre appears on another page 
in this volume. The father was a farmer, and 
at one time held a position as manager or super- 
intendent of a portion of the king's woods. He 
died when about sixty-four years of age, and 
his wife, whose death occurred within six months 
of her husband's, in the year 1882, died when in 



her sixty-third year. The paternal grandparents 
of our subject were Henry and Minnie Schuarre, 
tiie former of whom lived to be about eigiity- 
three years of age, while his wife attained some 
seventj'-lwo years. The maternal grandjjarents 
were Francis and Elizabeth (Hagemeyer) Kleasuer. 
T!it' former served throughout the war between 
Germany and France in 1813, and was one of 
only three survivors in his company who remained 
after one very hot engagement. He received for 
his bravery three medals, awarded by the king. 
He lived to an extreme old age, dying when about 
ninety-seven years old, wliile his wife, Elizabeth, 
lived to be about seventy-six years of age. 

F. H. W. Schnarre, of this sketch, sailed for the 
United States in November, 1859, and at once set 
out for Missouri from New Orleans. On the 
journey up tlie Mississippi he blackened boots for 
passengers on the steamboat, and with the proceeds 
purchased a hat in St. Louis. He reached this 
county with only a very little money and at once 
sought work on a farm. The first year he received 
54 a month, the second year 15, and the third year 
§6 per monlii, and during this time succeeded in 
saving 8110. He continued working for farmers 
until 1868, by which time he had accumulated $850, 
the nucleus of tlie fortune he now enjoys. He then on the high road to success, for, as it has 
often been said, the first 81.000 is alway tlie hard- 
est mone3' to make, and, once possessed, riclies maj' 
be more easily acquired. 

December 10, 1868, Mr. Schnnrre married Kath- 
eriue, only child of Fred and Mar}' (Konker) Moll- 
ring. She lost her mother, who died with cholera 
when little Katlierine was only nine days old. 
The following children bless the home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Schnarre, namely: INIinnie, Katie, Willie, 
Henry, Fred, John, Herman and George. The 
eldest daughter is married and has one child, 
while the younger members of the family are still 
at home with their parents. 

Soon after his marriage Mr. Schnarre rented a 
farm of one hundred and fifteen acres, for nine 
years operating the same. He then leased the 
farm which he now owns and was a renter for 
four years. In 1883 he bought this homestead, 
paying H,b()0 in cash. The place was heavily 

timbered, and after he had cleared a portion of it 
and made a few other necessary improvements, he 
found himself in debt to the extent of $1,300. By- 
hard work and good business sagacity he has man- 
aged to pay off all incumbrances and now has in 
addition to his valuable farm a good bank account. 
For about six years he has served as School Direc- 
tor, and has always been interested in the educa- 
tion of his own and neighbors' children. He is a 
Republican politically, and in his religious faith is 
a Lutheran. 

BERNARD FISCHER has made his abode in 
St. Charles ('ounty for thirty years, and is 
considered, one of the leading citizens of 
township 47, range 5, where he resides in an ele- 
gant country home. His farm, one of the best in 
this portion of the count}', is of rich bottom land 
and located on the main road of the township. 
The place is particularly available for raising 
wheat and corn, and abundant crops of these 
cereals are gathered each year. The owner, a prac- 
tical agriculturist, is also a good general farmer 
and stock-raiser. 

Mr. Fischer was born in Herringhausen, Kreis 
Lippstadt, Westphalia, Prussia, on the 18th of 
November, 1838. He is one of five children, three 
sons and two daughters, born to Franz and Jos- 
ephine (Gockel) Fischer. The names of the chil- 
dren are as follows, in the order of birth: Anton, 
Franz, Bernard, Josephine and Marie. The father 
died in 1852, and the mother lived to reach her 
sixty-ninth year. Both died m Germany, as did 
their parents. His mother's parents lived to be 
over seventy years of age. The ancestors of our 
subject on both sides of the family were well-to- 
do farmers. 

From his early years Mr. Fischer's time has been 
mainly devoted to farming. He received a good 
elementary education in his mother tongue, and 
continued to live under the parental roof until he 
was fourteen years old. F^'oni that time until he 
was twenty-two years old he worked as a farm 




Land, and was then obliged to join tiie array and 
serve for three years, according to the laws of 
Germany. He was in the infantry department in 
the Niederrhciiiisches Fiicsilier Regiment, No. 39. 
When his time had expired he returned to the old 
homestead, where he lived for a few months. 
Then, in conipanj" with his brother Franz, he sailed 
from Bremeiliaven on the ''America," and after 
seventeen daj's lauded in New York City. After 
a few days spent in tiie metropolis the young man 
set out for the AVest and arrived in this county in 
18G4. Our subject obtained work, and then leased 
some land from .Tohn .Jay Johns. Subsequently he 
rented land of a Mr. Lindsey,and finally he moved 
to his present location. This farm he became the 
owner of in 1880. It contains one hundred and 
seventy-nine acres of arable land, and thirty-live 
acres which he along the river. In 1892 he added 
to his original tract thirty-eight and a-half acres, 
and at one time he was the owner of a small farm 
near St. Peter's, of which he afterward disposed. 
Our subject has since purchased fiftj'-eight acres in 
addition. On his homestead is a tine bearing orch- 
ard, good stock and substantial buildings. 

In 1865 Mr. Fischer married Louisa, daughter 
of Lawrence and Rosalie Obrecht. The latter had 
one other child, Barbara. Mr. and Mrs. Obrecht 
have both passed away, the mother being buried 
in this count}', while the father's remains are at 
rest in the Fatherland. The elder sister of Mrs. 
Fischer, now Mrs. Geisert, brought her widowed 
mother and sister to the United States some years 
ago. Twelve children have come to bless the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Fischer. Only six of the 
number survive, two sons and four daughters. 
Franz, the eldest, was married May 1, 1894, and 
carries on the farm next to that of his father. The 
others are: Emma, who is married and has one child; 
and Margerethe, Mary, Bernard and Rosa, who are 
all at home. On the occasion of their silver wed- 
ding their friends and neighbors, to the number of 
about one hundred, assembled and had quite an 
enjoyable celebration of the occasion. 

In 1879, when thirty-seven years of age, Mr. 
Fischer had a severe illness, an abscess forming on 
the liver, and it became necessary for him to un- 
dergo an operation. This was resorted to in March, 

the day set for it happening to be Good Friday, and 
the surgeons who perfoiined the operation were 
the celebrated Dr. Oberall, now deceased, and Dr. 
Mudd, of St. Charles. The result was eminently 
satisfactory, and Mr. Fischer has since enjoyed the 
best of health. 

In 1891 our subject visited his old home in 
German}', going to Antwerp, Strasburg, Baden, 
and many interesting points in the Fatherland. 
Four months were thus pleasantly consumed, and 
in addition to the pleasure occasioned by visiting 
his old schoolmates and the scenes of his youth, 
his happiness was further enhanced by having 
with him several of his neighbors, who were also 
desirous of seeing their native land once more. In 
politics Mr. Fischer uses his ballot in favor of the 
Democratic party. In religion he is a Catholic 
and attends St. Peter's Church. 



/ — \ stock-raising 

HURST PAYNE. Farming and 
have formed the chief occu- 
pation of this gentleman, and the progress- 
ive manner in which he has taken advantage of 
every method and idea tending toward the en- 
hanced value of his property has had considerable 
to do with his success in life. Through thrift and 
enterprise he has accumulated about eight hundred 
acres of very fine land, lying in St. Charles County. 
A visitor to his farm in township 47, range 6, will 
see that good buildings have been erected, modern 
machinery introduced, and the land subdivided 
into fields of convenient size by an excellent sys- 
tem of fencing, the appearance of the whole being 
such as to prove, better than mere words, the ex- 
cellent judgment of the owner. 

The Payne family is of southern origin. The 
father of oar subject, Benjamin II. Payne, was born 
in Kentucky, whence he removed to Missouri some 
time during the '40s, and established his home in 
Portage Township, St. Charles County. He first 
married Miss Ann M. Luckett, and unto them were 
born four cliildien, two sons and two daughters, 
of whom Alfred II. and one sister still survive. 
The mother died when our subject was only seven 



yeai-s of age, and in 1863 his father was again mar- 
ried, being then united with Miss Adelia R., daugh- 
ter of James S. M. Gray, who was at one tune 
Sheriff of St. Charles County and a very prominent 
man throughout tlie entire stale. B. H. Payne was 
a farmer b}' occupation, and was thus engaged in 
St. Charles County until his death, which occurred 
in September, 1867, at the age af thirty-nine years. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Portage 
Township, St. Charles County, Mo., February 11, 
1854. Here iiis boyhood days were passed, and 
here, upon the home farm, he gained a thorough 
knowledge of agriculture in every department. 
His education was such as the neighboring schools 
afforded, and to this he has since added bj' habits 
of close observation and reading. He established a 
liorae of his own in 1876, when he was united in 
marriage with Cordelia V., daughter of John A. 
and Mary (Sappington) Goddard. There have 
been born unto them eight children, all living, and 
named as follows: Pearl Goddard, Anna Mary, 
Florida Belle and John Howard (twins), Amanda, 
Cordelia, .Stella Irene and Benjamin Howard. 

As ever}' public-spirited citizen should, Mr. 
Paj'ne takes deep interest in the current topics of 
the day, concerning which he is intelligertly posted. 
His political sympathies are with the Democratic 
party, and he always votes that ticket in local and 
national elections. Socially he is identified with 
the Ancient Order of United Workmen, the Knights 
of Honor and the Order of Chosen Friends. His 
success is the result of his energetic efforts and is 
well deserved. 

eAPT. CHARLES B. ABLE, the owner of 
the St. Charles Ferr3', has spent many act- 
ive years of his life in plying the waters 
of the Mississippi. Although retired from service, 
be carries on an extensive business as the proprietor 
of the ferry, and is regarded as one of the promi- 
nent and well-to-do citizens of St. Charles. 

Our subject was born in St. Louis, July 27, 1860, 
and is the son of Daniel Able. The latter was a 
native of Illinois, having been born in Alexander 

County, July 29, 1827. He lived there until 1841, 
when he went to St. Louis, his determination being 
to lead a river life. Two years later he secured 
the position of clerk on the "Ocean Wave," and 
as time advanced worked his way up the line un- 
til, in 1850, he had saved a sufficient sura of money 
with which to purchase the "Sir Anthony Wayne," 
plying between St. Louis and St. Paul. During 
the next six years he became the owner, b}' pur- 
chase, of the steamers "Edinburgh" and ''Sarnak," 
and in 1857 built the "Sir John Dickey," which 
was assigned to the Missouri River trade. 

The following 3ear, in connection with John A. 
Scudder, Capt. Daniel Able established the .St. 
Louis & Memphis Packet Companj', and also owned, 
besides the vessels thus used, the "J. H. Dickey," 
'•James H. Lucas," the "Platte Valley," and the 
"Philadelphia." Captain Able was elected Presi- 
dent of the company, and bj' his vigorous manage- 
ment of the interests of the same showed that he 
was the right man in the place. 

Foreseeing the disastrous effect the war would 
have on river tratflc, Capt. Daniel Able resigned 
his position of President and disposed of his stock 
in the company. Shortly afterward, in 1861, in 
compan}' with George W. Graham, he purchased a 
whaleboat in Cairo, III., in which they established 
a supply store. Two years later, positive that 
trade on the river would soon be resumed, he sold 
his interests in the business and began the build- 
ing of the steamer "Maiy E. Forsythe," of which 
he took command. With characteristic energj' he 
pushed ahead and soon secured a good share of 
the trade along the river. Two years later he built 
the "Mollie Able" and the "W. R. Arthur," and at 
the same time bought the steamer "Atlantic," and, 
consolidating his various lines of boats, formed 
the Atlantic & Mississippi Steamship Company, 
operating betrteen St. Louis and New Orleans. 

In the fall of 1865 the Captain moved his fam- 
ih' to Memphis, where he established a large gen- 
eral-supply store, carrying on business under the 
firm name of Daniel Able & Co. It was later 
changed to that of Tate, Gill & Able, and after- 
ward N. B. Forrest, the famous Confederate Gen- 
eral, became one of the partners. These gentle- 
men also ran a line of steamers up the White and 



Arkansas Rivers, their vessels heing the "Dan 
Able," the "Di Vernon," "Des Arc,", "Gindon," 
"Gleaner," "Centralia" and several others; but the 
prostration of all industries after the war had its 
effect also on river trade, and although working 
industriously, tlic members of tlie firm were atone 
time u|)on the verge of financial ruin. 

In 18G8 the father of our subject returned to 
St. Louis, seeking to recuperate his shattered fort- 
unes in mercantile pursuits, in whicii effort he 
was very successful. While residing in Memphis, 
shortly after attaining his citizenship in the state, 
he was elected to represent his district in the Leg- 
islature, and was largely instrumental in bringing 
order out of chaos during the troublous times of 
reconstruction. On his return to Missouri he 
found even a worse state of affairs, as the Drake 
Constitution, with its ironclad test, was disfran- 
chising the ex-Confederates in the state. Captain 
Able joined in the movement of the liberal Repub- 
licans headed by B. Gratz Brown, and by his able 
assistance heljied along this movement and did 
awa}- with the restrictions of the franchise. 
Through it also the Democratic party again came 
into power in Missouri, in 1870 electing the entire 
ticket. Since then Captain Able has taken a livel}' 
interest in the welfare of his party in this state. In 
1880-81 he was Secretary of the State Senate. In 
1888 he was in the field for nomination to the 
State Committee on Railroads and Warehouses, and 
again in 1894, but each time failed of securing a 
sufHcient number of votes. In 1890 he was ap- 
pointed by Mayor Noonan to fill out an unexpired 
term of the Harbor and Wharf Commissioner of 
St. Louis, and in 1891 was elected for a term of 
four years, of which office he is now the efficient 

The father of Capt. Daniel Able bore the name 
of Wilson, and was a native of Kentucky. He was 
a member of the first Illinois Legislature, having 
moved from Illinois to Alissouri many 3'ears ago. 
The maiden name of our subject's mother was 
Martha Rodgers. She was born five miles from 
Palmyra, this state, in 1829. Her father, Clifton 
Rodgers, hailed from Kentucky, whence he came to 
this state in an early day in its history, and had 
the honor of being one of the first settlers of Mar- 

ion County. He departed this life near Palm^-ra 
about 1872, when seventy-eight ^-ears old. Mrs. 
Able was the eldest in a family of one son and two 
daughters. Iler brother, James B., lives on the old 
homestead, and Sarah Virginia is the wife of Capt. 
Charles Scudder, of St. Louis. Capt. Daniel Able 
had one brother and one sister. The former, Capt. 
Bart Abie, has followed the river most of his life. 
Elizabeth became the wife of Capt. Nat Green, who 
died in Memphis, Tenn.,in 1878, with yellow fever. 

Of the family of four children born to the par- 
ents of our subject, lie was the eldest but one. 
Clifton W. is now a railroad broker in St. Louis; 
Samuel T. is connected with the R. G. Dun Com- 
pany of that city; and the only sister is Mary 
B. Charles B. obtained his schooling up to 
the age of sixteen years in the Cote Brilliante 
School of St. Louis. He then joined a corps of 
civil engineers, going with tliem in the field. Four 
years later we find him in the employ of the Hin- 
dell Hotel, where he remained for two years, a 
portion of the time as clerk and again as keeper of 
the storeroom. 

I n the 3'ear 1 882 young Able boarded the steamer 
"City of Alton" as "cub pilot," his object being to 
learn river navigation. The next vessel on which 
he did dutj' was the "City of St. Louis," and after 
two years' experience on that steamer he took com 
manii of the "G. W. Sentell," running between 
New Orleans and Slirevei)ort, La. He afterward 
commanded tlic "Marco," in the Red River trade, 
and during one summer ran on the "Judas," ply- 
ing the river from St. Louis to Florence, Ala. 
Later he again took charge of the "G. W. Sentell" 
on the lower river, and September 5, 1891, pur- 
chased the "Fawn" at Hermann, Mo., and on the 
evening of the same day established tlie St. Charles 
Ferry, since which time he has made his home in 
this city. 

The marriage of Capt. Charles Able and Miss 
Florence E. Fox was solemnized June 17, 1890. 
The lady is the daughter of Edward Fox, of 
Chicago, and was born in Keokuk, Iowa, August 
31, 18G0. Mr. Fox is emplo3'ed as a civil engineer 
in the World's Fair City, whither he removed in 
1884. The mother of Mrs. Able was, prior to her 
marriage, Miss Sarah Eldridge,a native of Quincy, 



111. Our subject is a member of the Presbyterian 
Cliurch of St. Louis, while his wife is counected 
with the Christian Church of this cit,y. In politics 
he is a strong Democrat, and in social affairs be- 
longs to the Ohio and Mississippi River and the 
Pilot Associations. 


4 — + — •> 

HENRY C. SANDFORT, formerly publisher 
and proprietor of the St. Charles Bepubli- 
kaner, is now acting as City Clerk of St. 
Charles, having been elected to this position in 
Jul}', 1891, at which time he was serving for a 
second term as a member of the Cit}' Council. He 
Las been quite active of late years in public affairs, 
and is a gentleman of much more than ordinary 
ability, having shown himself to be entirely 
■worth}' of his fellow-citizens' confidence and 

The father of our subject, J. Herman Sandfort, 
was born in Meuslage, German}', and died Febru- 
ar}' 2, 1861, in the city of St. Charles, whither he 
came with his parents in his youth. He was a car- 
penter by trade, as was also his father before him, 
but the latter after coming to the United States 
turned much of his attention toward conducting 
his farm, situated near St. Charles, and thereon 
his death occurred. The father of our subject 
owned and lived upon a farm in St. Charles Coun- 
t}', and subsequently worked at his trade in this 
city. His wife bore the maiden name of Mary 
Bekebrede. By her marriage she had four chil- 
dren: Julia Elizabeth, who became the wife of 
Adam Armbruster, a carriage manufacturer of Ft. 
.Smith, Ark.; Anna Maria, wife of Charles G. Kihl- 
ing, a stationary engineer in St. Louis; H. C, our 
subject; and J. Herman, Jr., a clerk in the store of 
Huning & Thro, of this place. 

The birth of H. C. Sandfort occurred May 26, 
1857, on his father's homestead near St. Charles, 
and there the first four years of his life were spent. 
His education was principally obtained in the pa- 

rochial school connected with Emanuel Lutheran 
Church. At tlie age of fourteen years he entered 
the printing office of the Demokrat, and for two 
years worked under Messrs. J. H. & W. A. Bode. 
He then obtained employment in the Cosmos office, 
where he remained from 1872 until 1880. 

In the year last mentioned Mr. Sandfort went 
to Leadville, Colo., that place being then in its in- 
fancy. He took a position on the Leadville Chron- 
icle, an evening paper conducted by C. C. Davis, 
who had been previously connected with the St. 
Charles Cosmos. Our subject remained only three 
months in the West, returning home on his moth- 
er's earnest solicitation and resuming his case at 
the Cosmos office. In December, 1880, he founded 
the St. Charles Republikaner, which he conducted 
for a while alone. Fire having destroyed his 
plant, January 1, 1881, together with the office of 
the Cosmos, the publishers of the two papers com- 
bined their forces and purchased new stock. They 
sent forth the two papers, one in English and the 
other in the German language, both from the same 
office. Until January, 1891, Mr. Sandfort con- 
tinued to publish the Republikaner, when he sold 
out to the St. Charles Publishing Company. 

After disposing of his interests in the journalist- 
ic world, Mr. Sandfort was for three months em- 
ployed in the Circuit Clerk's office, at tlie end of 
which time he was appointed City Clerk pro tern, 
and in July, 1891, the Council regularly elected 
him to the office, which he has filled creditably up 
to the present time. He is careful and painstak- 
ing, faithful to the demands of the public, and is 
making a fine record. 

September 8, 1881, occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Sandfort and Maria Elizabeth Bekebrede, who, al- 
though of the same name as our subject's mother, 
is of no kin whatever, as not the faintest connec- 
tion can be traced. The parents of Mrs. Sandfort 
are Herman D. and Anna (Floetman) Bekebrede. 
The former was born in Hanover, Germany, De- 
cember 1, 1829, and the latter in Prussia, Septem- 
ber 14, 1834. The parents of Herman D. Beke- 
brede were John II. and Mary A. (Sprindle) Beke- 
brede. The father was born March 25, 1793, and 
died December 10, 1880, while the mother, who 
was born May 23, 1796, died in 1861. They were 



both natives of Hanover. Mrs. Anna Bekebrede 
was a daughter of Fr;incis and Christina (Ranban) 
Floetman, natives of Prussia. 

In a family of two sons and two daughters, Mrs. 
H. C. Sandfort is the second in order of birtli, the 
others being Henry, George H. and Wilhelniina- 
Her birth occurred five miles west of this city, 
•July 1, 1861. By her marriage she has become the 
mother of four cliildreu: Bertha Maria, Emil Her- 
man, Herbert Carl and Edna Wilhelmiua. With 
his wife our subject holds membership in Emanuel 
Lutheran Church. 

Charles, is a botanist of international 
fame, and oue of the finest scliolars in 
this country. He was born September 18, 1836, 
near Hamburg, in Schleswig-Holstein, German}'. 
His father, Frederick \V. Scliaffranek, a native of 
Prussia, served during the Napoleonic Wars, from 
1806 to 1815. A part of this time he was under 
the great conqueror, and later was with the allied 
forces, with the rank of Major, when many of the 
troops went over to the other side. He died in 
1866, when in his ninetieth year. 

Dr. Schaffranek received his tirst schooling in 
Altona, in his native province. While still young, 
he was placed under the charge of Professor Reich- 
enbach, of Dresden, a famous botanist, and with 
him the lad visited and studied in the National 
Botanical Gardens. Afterward he became a pupil 
in the gymnasium at Leipsic, then entered the 
university, and in 1857 passed his examination 
and had conferred upon him the degree of Doctor 
of Philosophy. For a few years thereafter he 
served as a tutor in several families of the nobil- 
ity. Tlien a teachership in the schools of Ham- 
burg having been tendered him, he accepted the 
position, and was also at the same time a teacher 
in a normal school in the adjoining town of Al- 
tona. During the Prussian-Danish War he was a 
member of the Provisional Government, and was 

also President of tiie relief society which was 
formed for the purpose of alleviating the suffer- 
ings of the wounded. After tiie close of the war 
he went from Altona to Wesselburen as Rector of 
the Real School, but, not being satisfied with the 
results of the war, ho determined to leave the 
country, and in Api-il, 1865, he set sail for Canada, 
where he remained five 3'ears, studying the flora of 
the country and preaching the (iospel. 

In September, 1870, Dr. Schaffranek was called 
to accept a chair in Dyrenfurlh College of Chi- 
cago, where he remained a year and a-half. In 
April, 1872, he was elected Curator and Secretary 
of the New Orleans Academy of Science, which 
position he held until the institution lost its state 
support. He then became Superintendent of the 
German-American Schools of New Orleans, follow- 
ing which he was called to the pulpit of the First 
German Evangelical Congregation of Carrollton, 
in the Seventh District of New Orleans. During 
all the years of his teaching the Doctor has filled 
the pulpit of the congregation amongst whom his 
lot was cast. In 1876 he accepted a call to the 
Protestant Evangelical Church of St. Charles, and 
when three years had passed he went to Wheeling, 
W. Va., to assume charge of the congregation there, 
but failing health caused him to leave that city in 
1883. For the next nine years his time was 
passed in Florida, where he made a special study 
of the local flora. He also wrote extensively for 
home and foreign journals, and prepared material 
for a number of scientific works, a portion of 
which has since been published. In 1892 the Doc- 
tor responded to the call of his old congregation 
in this city, and is now filling the pulpit, to the 
gratification of his many old friends and auditors. 

In Januaiy, 1862, our subject married Miss Lucy 
Von Brockdorf, a native of Holstein, who died 
February 19, 1891, in Plorida. In 1894 he was 
united in marriage with Miss Bertha, daughter of 
Judge Gatzweiler, a well known citizen of St. 
Charles, whose biography appears elsewhere in this 

Our subject, for whom science has been a life- 
long passion, has traveled in all the European 
countries, studying plant life. On the Western 
Continent he has traveled and studied extensively 



in Canada and Mexico, as well as in every state in 
the Union. His herbarium numbers thirty thousand 
specimens, exclusive of lichens, mosses and ferns, of 
whicii he has over one thousand specimens, in ad- 
dition to a fine variety of seaweed from the 
American coasts of tlie Atlantic and Pacific Oceans 
and the Gulf of Mexico, and from the shores of 
the Atlantic and the Adriatic Sea in Europe. Be- 
sides writing on scientific subjects, the Doctor 
amuses himself in his leisure hours by writing 
novels and poems. He is now collecting his verses 
on religious subjects, and these will be published 
in book form. Among the scientific works already 
out, may be mentioned "The Flora of Palatka, 
Florida;" "A Floral Almanac of Florida," which 
gives the flowering season, natural order, botanical 
name and locality of seventeen hundred plants; 
"S3'nopsis of Medical Plants of the United States 
and Canada;" aud "The Influence of Electricity on 
the Action of the Nerves in the Life of Plants and 
Animals," a treatise which was highly compli- 
mented by the Imperial Royal Society of Physi- 
cians of Vienna. 

Among the works which the Doctor has in prep- 
aration is one of unusual scope and magnitude, 
being nothing less than "The Complete Illustrated 
Flora of the LTnited States and Canada." The 
illustrations are prepared bj' the Doctor's own 
pencil from the immense collection in his herba- 
rium. Some eighteen hundred plates have already 
been finished, and for neatness and accuracy could 
not well be surpassed. They are neatly arranged 
in folders, the plates of each variety by themselves. 
The work when completed will be issued in 
twenty-five volumes, of one hundred plates each. 
Years of study and research have been necessary 
in order to collect the material, and much labor 
must still be expended before the plates are ready 
for the press, when it is expected that the Gov- 
ernment will carry the work to completion. A 
more gener.illy useful and less expensive volume 
will be on the subject of the poisonous plants of 
the United States and Canada. This will be illus- 
trated in colors, and is intended for the use of 

Though botany has been the favorite study of 
the Doctor, he has a very fine collection in the de- 

partments of conchology, arcliseology, entomology 
and numismatics. He is corresponding or hono- 
rary member of twenty-six natural-history socie- 
ties or academies in this or foreign countries, and 
corresponds with every noted botanist in the 
world. He is conversant with six languages, and 
can read and speak fluently all of them, including 
Latin and Greek. In politics he is a Republican, 
and socially is a member of Herman Lodge No. 4, 
A. O. U. W.. of Wheeling, W. Va. 



Germany has furnished her quota of the 
sturdy men and women who in days past 
were the main factors in developing and upbuild- 
ing the state of Missouri, and especially St. Charles 
County. Those to whom has been granted the 
privilege of residing in this county for the past 
forty or fifty years have witnessed an uninterrupt- 
ed series of improvements. Where once rose the 
smoke of the camp fire, now ascends the busy hum 
of industry from a thriving city; where once the 
hunter roamed in search of game, the farmer now 
tills the soil; and as one of the number whose ef- 
forts have helped to secure these results, we pre- 
sent the name of Henry William Westenkuehler, a 
resident of township 46, range 4. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Prussia, 
Germany, December 22, 1832, and is a son of Her- 
mann Henry and Mary (Westenkuehler) Westen- 
kuehler. The father was born in Prussia in 1796, 
aud the mother in 1800. They emigrated to Amer- 
ica in 1834, landing in Baltimore, where they re- 
mained a short time. From there they went to 
New York and took a steamboat to St. Louis, where 
they stayed two weeks, after which they came to 
St. Charles County and located in township 46, 
range 4, their present homestead. At that time 
Missouri was in its primitive state, the inhabitants 



were few and scattering, and what is now beauti- 
ful farms was then dense timber and vast tracts of 
wild piaine land. Game was very plentiful, and 
the rednian had not entirely disappeared from the 
locality-. These early pioneers were brave and true 
men and women, who during those early days 
were called upon to show their braver^' in many 
ways. But they were strong, courageous and per- 
severing, and to their labor and untiring energies 
are due the beautiful fields, cozy homes and fine 
old orchards which are seen all over the state. 

Soon after his arrival in this county Hermann 
H. Westenkuehler bought seventj'-four and a-half 
acres of land, and twenty years later added five 
acres more to his possessions. He made his home 
on this farm during his lifetime, and followed gen- 
eral farming until his death, which occurred De- 
cember 21, 1869. The wife and mother passed 
awaj' September 23, 1844. This worthy old pio- 
neer couple were the parents of five children. Min- 
nie married Stephen H. Wermeier, and with her 
husband is deceased. Catherine married twice, her 
first husband being William Warmann, who died 
December 21, 1852. She then married C. F. Sling- 
er, a minister of the German Jlethodist Cluirch in 
St. Joseph, 111. She departed this life November 
25,1894. Fllizabeth died in infancy'. Henry Will- 
iam is the subject of this sketch; and Sophia, the 
only one of the family born in this country, is the 
wife of Rudolph Havhorst, and resides in Bloom- 
ington, 111. 

December 29, 1854, Henry W. Westenkuehler 
and Annie Koeneke were united in marriage. She 
is a native of Germany, having been born near 
Bremen, October 26, 1836, the third child in a fam- 
ily of ten born unto Charles and Annie (Wellen- 
brock) Koeneke, as follows: Rebecca, Nancy, Annie, 
Henry, Charles, Emilj', William, Caroline, George 
and John B. After the death of his father our 
subject took charge of the old homestead, and has 
lived there since. He and his wife became the 
parents of ten children. John, born April 26, 1856, 
is deceased; Marj' is the wife of Theodore Doerie 
and resides in Salisbur3', Mo.; William F., born 
August 13, 1860, and who is unmarried, is engaged 
in the grocer}- business in Salisbury; Emma .Sophia, 
who was born September 17, 1862, died March 29, 

1891; Gustave II., who was born October 4, 1865, 
is the proprietor of a meat-market in St. Charles; 
Ida W., born December 17, 1867, resides at home; 
Edwin C.,born July 3, 1870, is living in Salisbury, 
where he is engaged in the grocery business; Lydia, 
born March 5, 1873, died at tlie age of one year; 
Charles, born July 18, 1875, makes his home with 
his parents; and Flora Louisa, born October 8, 1879, 
also resides at home. 

Bolh Mr. and Mrs. Westenkuehler are exemplary 
members of the German Metliodist Church, and 
give liberally to the support of the same. He is 
identified with the Republican party, and although 
not a politician himself, yet takes an active inter- 
est in the success of his party. 








JOHN ZERR is the owner of a valuable farm 
situated in township 47, range 4, St. Charles 
County, his homestead being near the vil- 
lage of St. Peter's. He was born in this 
count}', March 24, 1842, and has always been iden- 
tified with the history and development of his 
immediate vicinity. 

Joseph Zerr, the father of our subject, was born 
in Alsace, France, and was engaged in farming in 
his native land up to 1837, when, in company 
with his wife, whose maiden name was Catherine 
Moester, he concluded to come to America. Cross- 
ing the Atlantic, the couple proceeded direct to St. 
Charles, where Mr. Zerr conducted a saloon for 
some seven years, when he sold out and once more 
turned his energies to farming. He first purchased 
a place near ('ottleville, and lived thereon for 
about twenty years. On the expiration of that 
time he sold the farm and invested the proceeds 
in another place, comprising two hundred and 
thirty-nine acres. This homestead is near St. 
Peter's, and here tlie parents passed their remain- 
ing years, Mr. Zerr dying in 1887, and his wife a few 
years later, in 1891. They had a family of three 
children, a son and two daughters, the eldest of 
whom was our subject. One daughter, Mary, who 



died in 1874, was the wife of George Raedler, who 
is still engaged in farming in this county. Eva, 
the j'ounger daugliter, became the wife of John 
Falvas, and lives in the village of St. Peter's. 

John Zerr passed his boyhood and youth on his 
father's farm, and was early made acquainted with 
the proper man.agement of a farm b3' actual experi- 
ence. He continued to live with his parents until 
his marriage, which took place October 23, 1868, 
when Miss Gertrude Ernst, a daughter of Henrj' 
and Lizzie (Schaefer) Ernst, became his wife. Of 
the seven children who came to bless the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Zerr, four died in childhood, namely: 
Mary, Gfeorge. Mar}- (the second of the name) and 
Henry. Of those living, Minnie became the wife 
of John Deister, of St. Peter's, and (ieorge and 
John, Jr., live on the home farm and assist in the 
work of the same. 

After the marriage of our subject, his father 
gave him the farm which he still carries on. This 
place comprises eight3--five acres, most of which 
is tinder cultivation and yields abundant harvests 
to the owner. Mr. and Mrs. Zerr are members of 
the Catholic Church at St. Peter's. In politics 
the former is a Democrat, but is not an aspirant 
for official honors, and has never served in a pub- 
lic capacity. The family are much respected in 
the neighborhood, where they have dwelt for up- 
wards of a quarter of a century. 



JOHN BYINGTON, the original of this notice, 
is the pleasant and accommodating engineer 
of the "Fawn," and has served on the river in 
that capacity for many 3'ears. He has a 
thorough understandingof his business, and is one 
of the most efficient men in his line on the river. 
A native of Pennsylvania, he was born in Pitts- 
burg, September 16, 1824, and is the son of Samuel 
Byington, wliose birth occurred in Hartford, Conn., 
in 1778. The latter went to Pennsylvania when 
a young man, making his home first in Phila- 
delphia, after which he moved to the city of Pitts- 
burg, wliere for many years he was foreman of the 
Alleghany Arsenal, ile had learned the trade of a 

blacksmith early in life, and, being a man of great 
natural ability and skill, held the above responsi- 
ble position for many j'ears in the National Ar- 
senal. His death took place at the home of bis son 
Samuel, who at that time was foreman of the Na- 
tional Arsenal and was stationed at Washington, 
D. C. 

Samuel Byington, Sr., was twice married. By 
his first marriage, which united him with Deborah 
Long, he became the father of ten children, five 
sous and five daughters. The maiden name of our 
subject's mother was Mary Negley. She was born 
in East Liberty, now the east end of Pittsburg, 
and was there married to Samuel Byington in 1823. 
Her father was a native of Germany, as was also 
his wife. Their grandson. Gen. James S. Negley, 
was a noted officer in the late rebellion. The By- 
ingtons are of English origin, two brothers, Robert 
and John, having settled in this country a short 
time after the landing of the "Mayflower." 

Of the parental family of four children, the sub- 
ject of this sketch was the eldest. His three sis- 
ters were: Sarah, who died in 1891, in Pennsylva- 
nia; Susan, whose death occurred in early life; and 
Olive. The latter was married to Matthew Hays, 
of Pittsburg, and to them were born three children. 
After his death she was united to a Mr. Van Hook, 
also of the above city, who died some years ago. 

Our subject being deprived of his mother's care 
when a lad of nine years, he was taken into the 
home of his uncle, Felix Negley, who resided in 
Tarentum, Pa. There he attended school until 
reaching his eighteenth year, when he was appren- 
ticed to learn the blacksmith's trade. He worked 
at this industry for six years, and then, in July, 
1848, boarded a vessel plying the river, his object 
being to learn the business of an engineer. His 
first trip was made on the "American Eagle," com- 
manded by Captain Atkinson, running from Pitts- 
burg to St. Louis. After several years' experience 
as assistant engineer, "Uncle John," as he is now 
familiarly known, obtained a position as engineer 
on the "Texas Ranger," engaged in the New Or- 
leans trade, and afterward rau the "New World" 
on the Washita River. 

In 1858 Mr. Byington was engaged by the St. 
Charles Ferry Company as its engineer, and has 



been in its employ more or less since. In 1859, 
however, lie went to Pike's Peak, wlicre lie re- 
mained prospecting some six montlis. Passing- 
tliroiigli Denver on his way, lie found that now 
flourishing city a lianilet of six or eight board 
shanties, and he was offered ten lots in what is at 
present the heart of the city for $100. "Uncle 
John" was present at the meeting held in Gregory 
Gulch wlien tlie question of forming a territorial 
government was raised, and later was at the con- 
vention which named that section of country Col- 
orado, lie was an intimate friend of the founder 
of tlie Rocky Mountain News, the first paper pub- 
lished in the West. In that early day there were 
but three or four houses between Ft. Riley and the 
mountains. The party in whicli our subject jour- 
neyed numbered one hundred and twenty-five 
men, and although they met several tribes of In- 
dians they were not in the least molested. 

Returning home in .Se[)tcmber, 1859, "Uncle 
John" resumed his position as engineer of the St. 
Charles ferry, running in the interest of his em- 
ployers until the year 1888, when better induce- 
ments were offered him in Missouri, and he took 
charge of the feriy at Lexington. Residing there 
for about ten months, he again took up his abode 
in this city, and is now engineer on the St. Charles 

John Byington was married, March 14, 1867, to 
Miss Mary Williamson. The lady was born near 
Bridgeton, St. Louis Count}-, Mo., November 25, 
1848, and was the daughter of Garret Williamson, 
a native of Ken tuck}'. The father died near 
Bridgeton in April, 1892, having been a resident 
of that place for over forty years. To our subject 
and his estimable wife there have been born the 
following three children: Edward, who died in 
infancy-; Albert, who is working at his trade of a 
moulder in St. Charles; and Bessie, who is attend- 
ing the public schools of the city. Mrs. Byington 
is a devoted member of the Metliodist Episcopal 
Church. Our subject, although not a member of 
any denomination, was reared by Presbyterian 

In social affairs our subject joined Uirain Lodge, 
of St. Charles, in April, 1861. This body, which is 
Masonic in practice and belief, disbanded when 

Mr. Byington had taken but one degree. lie 
therefore joined the lodge at Bridgeton, and on 
the reorganization of the order at this place was 
made a charter member. In politics he affiliates 
with the Republican part}-, which he has supported 
ever since its formation. His father was an old 
Jacksonian Democrat and also a Mason of high 

JUDGE JOHN F. BEUMER has served in a 
public capacity for a number of years, and 
discharged every duty devolving upon him 
with great fidelity and to the general satis- 
faction of the public. In 1882 he was elected 
Judge of the County Court of St. Charles County, 
and was re-elected in 1884 and again in 1886, 
each time for a term of two years. In .laniiaiy, 
1889, he was appointed presiding Justice, .and after 
serving as such for one year, retired from the polit- 
ical arena. However, he was renominated without 
seeking for such an honor in 1894, but was de- 
feated. His personal popularity was well shown 
in 1886, when he defeated his Republican opponent 
by two hundred and eighty-two votes in a district 
which usually' easily- counts on a Republican ma- 
jority of two hundred. Though he has always 
been a Democrat he has not been an ottice- 
seeker, and was never actively engaged on public 
questions until 1882. For the last twenty-six 
years he has made his home on the farm in town- 
ship 48, range 6, where he now resides. 

Judge Beumer was born in St. Louis, June 12, 
1840, being the fifth in a family' of ten children, 
only two of whom are now living. His father, 
Casper H., a native of Prussia, came to the United 
States in 1838, and two years later made a settle- 
ment within the limits of this county. He was a 
carpenter by trade, a calling which he followed for 
many years. One of the Judge's sisters is still 
living, Caroline, wife of William Willbrandt, who 
lives in this county. 

The Judge was reared X)ii the farm belonging to 
his father, and when he had reached his majority 



he bet'an learning the wagon-maker's trade at 
Wentzville, where he remained for two 3'ears. 
Dnring the Rebellion the Judge was a member of 
the Home Guards. While in St. Charles Township, 
at Boschertowu, where he remained from 18t>3 to 
18C9, he engaged for a time in buying and ship- 
ping grain, principally wheat and corn, but did 
not meet with success in that occupation. In the 
fall of 1869 he removed onto the farm where he 
still resides. 

In 1863 Judge Beumer married Anna Will- 
brandt, of this county. Her father died in St. 
Charles County, and her mother is now the wife of 
Fritz Nolle, of Saline County, Mo. Mrs. Beumer 
died in 1865, leaving one child, Anna C. The 
present Mrs. Beumer was before her marriage Miss 
Minnie Eggersman. She is a daughter of Frederick 
Eggersman, who died in 1849, his wife's doiiise 
having occurred the year previous in St. Louis. 
Ten children were born to the Judge and his 
worthy wife. The eldest, John H., is deceased, as 
is also Louisa, and those living are as follows: Her- 
man H., C. Maggie, John 11., Ernst W., Henry E., 
Minnie A., Eda C. and Gus W. The family move 
in the best societj' of their vicinitj', and are re- 
spected by all who know them. 


prising and progressive young farmer, whose 
home is in township 46, itinge 2, St. Charles 
Count}-, was born on a farm near Cottleville, 
and is of German descent. He is now engaged in 
the cultivation of a part of his father's old estate, 
and lives thereon. This comprises one hundred 
and one acres of land, in addition to which he 
owns another tract of some forty-seven acres lying 
along the banks of the Dardenue River, this farm 
being heavily timbered. 

The parents of our subject were John and Maria 
(Reiffer) Gutermuth, both natives of Germany. 
The former followed agricultural pursuits in his 
native land, where he continued to dwell until 

1860, when, in company with his wife, he sailed for 
America. Arriving in the United States, they pro- 
ceeded direct to this county, and soon took up 
their residence on a rented farm, located a mile to 
the northeast of Cottleville. After remaining 
there for two years, they removed to a place a mile 
south of that village and rented this farm for a 
period of four years. On the expiration of this 
time their frugality and industry were rewarded by 
a suflicient sum of money to purchase a farm of 
their own. Investing the amount in a place of 
one hundred acres, John Gutermuth continued in 
its cultivation and improvement during the re- 
mainder of his life. He erected a substantial 
house, good fences and farm buildings. His death 
occurred in 1891, while his wife survived him a 
short time, d^ing in 1893. 

Of the nine children born to the parents of our 
subject, John F. is the youngest. The others are 
as follows: Gertrude, who married Frederick 
Honna, who operates a farm near Cottleville; 
Adam, who married Christina Koth, and farms on 
a place near his brother John's home; Lizzie, wife 
of John E. Miller, a farmer, who lives two and a- 
half miles west of O'Fallon, this county; Katie, 
who married Conrad Berthold, and lives near Cot- 
tleville, on a farm; John, who lives on a farm a 
quarter of a mile west of the same place, and who 
married Sophia Koth; Conrad, whose wife was 
formerly Lizzie Zerr, and who operates a farm near 
that of our subject; Margaret, Mrs. Herman Steph- 
ens, whose home is on a farm near St. Peter's; and 
Henry, who wedded Frances Farr, and is also en- 
gaged in farming. 

John Frederick Gutermuth was born December 
3, 1864, and was early inured to agricultural pur- 
suits. He received a common-school education, 
and continued to live with his parents until death 
summoned them from their family. The young 
man then started out to make his own way in the 
world, and as his first step bought one hundred 
and one actes of the old homestead, where he has 
since continued to dwell. He is a practical and 
progressive farmer in his methods, and is making 
a success of his enterprises. 

October 11, 1894, our subject was united in 
marriage with Miss Alice M. Wentz. The lady is 



a daughter of Levi and Rachel (Summit) Wentz, 
uatives of Pennsylvania and Germany, respect- 
ively. The latter, at the present time, are liv- 
ing on a farm ten miles distant from the city of 
Sandusk}'. Ohio. 

Religiously our subject and his estimable wife 
are members of the Lutheran Evangelical Church 
of Cottieville. They are worthy and popular 
young people in this community, and intend to 
make their future home in this township. In po- 
litical faith Mr. Gutermuth is an ardent believer 
in the Republican party, and never fails to use his 
ballot and influence for its support. 







deceased, was a well known citizen and 
farmer of township 46, range 4, St. Charles 
County, and was born on the farm where his 
widow now resides. Adolph Kolkraeier, the father 
of our subject, was born in Prussia, Germany, and 
was twice married, the first time to Miss Catherine 
Schaber, also a native of Prussia. The father, who 
was a farmer by occupation in his native land, fol- 
lowed the same vocation all his life. He emigrat- 
ed to the United States at an early date, and came 
directly to St. Charles County, where he purchased 
one hundred and thirty-three acres of land, and 
here he made his home until his death, which oc- 
curred in 187.3. The parental family consisted of 
five children, namely: Mary, Sophia, Minnie, Her- 
mann F. and Louisa. 

The subject of this sketch was married in 1864, 
to Miss Catherine, a daughter of Andrew and Mary 
(Reel) Klingharamer, who were natives of Prussia, 
Germany. They came to this country shortly aft- 
er their marriage, and settled first in St. Charles 
County. After remaining here a short time they 
removed to Fayette County, 111., where he bought 
a farm, on which they spent the remainder of their 
days. Mr. and Mrs. Klinghammer were the par- 
ents of seven children, four sons and three daugh- 

ters. Mary married Leopold Smith, and resides in 
Lexington, Mo. George died at Pike's Peak, while 
there on a visit. Catherine is the wife of our sub- 
ject. Joiin and William are twins. John mar- 
ried Annie Shanger, and William wedded .Toseph- 
ine Sanpier, and both families live in Fayette Coun- 
ty, 111. Caroline died in infancy. Andrew mar- 
ried Mary Lawson, and also makes his iiome in 
Fayette County, 111. 

After his marriage Mr. Kolkmeicr purchased 
sixty acres of land from his father's estate, and 
spent his entire life tilling and cultivating the 
toil. He was an excellent farmer and a man of 
good business qualities, and enjoyed the respect 
and confidence of the entire community in which 
his lot was cast. He was a Republican in politics, 
but never took an active part in political affairs, 
and was not a member of any society. 

Ten children were born unto Mr. and Mrs. Kolk- 
meier, five of whom are now living. Leo died at 
the age of sixteen years; William, August, Henry, 
George and Paulina are all at home; and the four 
youngest died in infancy. Mrs. Kolkmeier and 
her children are all members of the Evangelical 
congregation that meets for worship in the neat 
little church near their home. 


/^HARLIE BRUEGGEMAN is one of the 
V^y industrious, hard-working German-Ameri- 
can citizens of St. Charles County who 
have been important factors in its development. 
During the late war he enlisted under Captain 
Merkle, and served until the close of the conflict 
between the North and South. For a number of 
years he has been engaged in farming on his pres- 
ent place, which is located a mile to the south of 
Cottieville, and is situated in township 46, range 3. 
The birth of our subject occurred in Prussia, 
Germany, December 24, 1830, he being the third 
in a family of four children, all sons. His broth- 
ers were Henry, William and Frederick. The par- 
ents of this family were Charlie and Sophia 



Brueggeman, both natives of Baden, Germany. 
The mother died in Germany- when our subject was 
quite j'oung. Tiie fatiier did not have a settled 
trade or occupation, but worked at various callings 
by which he could obtain an honest livelihood. 
In 18.53, when Charlie Brueggeman left home, his 
father was seventy years of age, and from that 
time until the present no word has come from him, 
and the probability is that he has passed to the 
silent land. 

When twentj'-three years of age our subject left 
the friends and scenes of his youth, taking passage 
in a sailing-vessel bound for New Orleans. From 
the Crescent City he proceeded to Houston, Tex., 
where he remained for a short time. Thence he 
went to Lakerinks, Tex., and from there back to 
Houston. After nine months spent in Texas, he 
returned to New Orleans, and then started up the 
Mississippi River to St. Louis. In the vicinity of 
that city he worked on the railroad section as a 
laborer for a year and a-half, at the end of that 
time being employed in a similar capacity near 
St. Charles for a short tinje. The next three years 
were spent in Bates Count}-, Mo., where he was 
employed by Messrs. Bates and Henry. The four 
succeeding years he was iiired bj' a farmer near 

April 12, 1859, Mr. Brueggeman wedded Miss 
Eva, daughter of .John and Susan (Becker) Rupp, 
who were both born in Baden, Germany. The fa- 
ther's death occurred in his native land at the age 
of fifty-six 3'ears, and subsequently his wife came 
with her children to the United States. Her last 
years were spent at the home of her daughter, 
Mrs. Brueggeman, her death taking place at the 
age of eighty-eight years. 

After his marriage our subject at first rented 
the farm where he now lives, and after five years 
of industrious effort and careful saving purchased 
the place. This farm comprises ninety-six acres of 
arable and well cultivated land, which yields a 
good living and income to the owner. 

Six children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Brueggeman. The eldest, Sophia, whose birth oc- 
curred February 26, 1860, married Gustave Har- 
mon, a bl.icksraith of Cottleville; John, born June 
12,1861, lives at home; Susan, born January 28, 

1863, married August Harmon, now of Cottleville, 
and died March 13, 1894; Mary, who was born 
March 5, 1865, is a resident of St. Charles, and the 
wife of Morris Weyhrauch; Henry, born June 21, 
1871, and Lena, born January 2, 1882, are at 

In regard to the question of politics Mr. Brueg- 
geman is independent, and believes in voting for 
the best man, regardless of party lines. He and 
his wife are both esteemed members of the Luth- 
eran Evangelical Church at Cottleville, and have 
a host of friends among their neighbors and ac- 


WILLIAM H. PALMER is Secretary and 
Manager of the St. Charles Brick Com- 
panj', a large concern, situated in the 
outskirts of St. Charles. He is a native of Penn- 
sylvania, his birth having occurred at Pittsburg, 
May 11, 1860, and m that city he continued to live 
during his youth. He has been a resident of St. 
Charles only since Februaiy 10, 1893, when he was 
given the position of Superintendent of the con- 
cern of which he is now also Secretaiy. 

Robert H. Palmer, Jr.. the father of our subject, 
was born July 3, 1833, in Pittsburg. Robert H., 
Sr., the grandfather of William H., was a native of 
Ireland, where his birth occurred in 1802. In 1819 
he emigrated to America, his journej- being made 
by way of Canada. On lauding in Quebec he 
found his slender store of money exhausted, and 
so started on foot to Pittsburg. On reaching that 
city he secured work in a brickj'ard, and it was 
none too soon, for the lad had but twenty-flve 
cents to his name. Wlien he died he was worth 
§300,000, all of which was the result of his opera- 
tions in the brick line. His death occurred in 
Pittsburg in the year 1858, when he was fifty-six 
years of age. He was married in that city to Miss 
Jane Hair, and his son, Robert H., Jr., was early 
initiated into the father's business. The latter is 
an extensive contractor and builder, among the 
important works he has carried through being the 



Pittsburg Opera House, which he was obliged to 
take for his pay when finished; the niaiket liouscs 
at Pittsburg and Allegheny- Cit^', and tlie famous 
Galitzson Tunnel, above Altoona, on the Pennsyl- 
vania Railroad. This wonderful piece of work is 
one and one-eighth miles long. Our subject's 
great-grandfather, who also bore tiie Christian 
name of Robert, passed his entire life in Ireland, 
wiieie he was also engaged in the manufacture of 

Robert H. Palmer, Jr., married Miss Saraii Laugh- 
lin, a second cousin, August 6, 1858, in Pittsburg. 
She was a daughter of John and Maria (Barclay) 
Lauglilin, both natives of Ireland. Mrs. Palmer 
was born in 1838, in Baltimore, Md., and by her 
marriage became the motiier of seven children: 
William H., our subject; Thomas B., who it en- 
gaged in the brick business at Pittsburg, Pa.; Min- 
nie A., wife of William Floyd, a grain and feed 
merchant of Pittsburg; Nanny A., widow of Gus 
Penrose; Virginia B., wife of Robert Brown, a 
chemist in the employ of the Carnegie Company 
of Pittsburg; Julia A., Mrs. John E. Wragg, whose 
husband is bookkeeper for a large wholesale gro- 
cery firm of Pittsburg; and Marie, deceased. 

The earl\- education of William H. Palmer was 
received in the public schools of his native city, 
which he attended until he was twelve years old. 
He then went to work in his father's brickyard, and 
has been in the business ever, since. At the age of 
twenty-two years he was taken into partncisliip 
with his father, their brickyards being located at Mt. 
Braddock, Pa. The products of the plant found 
ready sale in Pittsburg, and the business was con- 
tinued until 188(j. The fatlier having died in May, 
188.5, our subject soon closed up the concern, sell- 
ing his interest, and then took charge of the Clii- 
cago Retort and Fire Brick Works. He remained 
in that city for a year, leaving on account of sick- 
ness in his family. 

In the spring of 1887 Mr. Palmer went into part- 
nership with his father-in-law, H. D. Smith, of Ft. 
Scott, Kan., where he conducted a business for two 
years. At the end of that time the Ft. Scott works 
were temporarily closed and Mr. Palmer went to 
Denver. Tiicre lie leased the Denver Fire I'lrick 
Works, organized them into the Union Fire Brick 

Company, and became General Manager and Vice- 
President. For four years he served in that ca- 
])acity, resigning in order to accept his present po- 
sition w^ith the St. Charles Pressed Brick Company. 
This is a large plant, situated in the northern part 
of the city, and is numbered among the important 
industries of the place. Mr. Palmer is a practical 
and thorough man in his particular line of busi- 
ness, as lie understands every detail of tiie trade. 
In politics he has been since his youth a stanch 
Republican. He belongs to the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen and to the Modern Woodmen 
of America. 

July 1, 1885, Mr. Palmer married Miss Viola M., 
daughter of Horace D. and Maria (Gardner) Smith, 
natives of Illinois and New York, respectively. 
Mrs. Palmer was born November 2, 1861, in Cali- 
fornia, and by her marriage has become the mother 
of four children: Hazel Marie, Robert Horace, 
Sarali Helen and Haltie Nellie. 

J HENRY NOLLE. Among the native sons 
of St. Charles County is this worthy gentle- 
man, who owns a valuable farm, which is con- 
sidered one of the best tracts of land in the 
county. It is located in township 47, range 5 
east, and comprises one hundred and twenty-two 
acres. Mr. Nolle is a self-made man, having 
reached his present degree of prosperity and his 
desirable possessions entirely through Ins own in- 
dustrious and unremitting efforts. 

The birth of J. H. Nolle took place October 
4, 1855. He is a son of Ernst and Annie (Broeker) 
Nolle, wiiose family consisted of two sons and a 
daughter, the latter being now deceased. After 
the death of the mother, Ernst Nolle married Annie 
Becker, b3' whom he had three sons and a daugh- 
ter, all living. In 1875, during a fit of temporary 
insanity brought on by a law-suit, Ernst Nolle 
committed suicide by drowning himself in a well. 



After this most unfortunate event, Mrs. Nolle, in 
1877, became tlie wife of Dietrich Gerdts. Of this 
union were born two children, a son and daughter, 
both of whom survive. 

J. H. Nolle was reared on his father's farm and 
received his education in the district schools of 
the vicinity, and also in private institutions. He 
remained at home until twent3^-two years of age, 
devoting his time to the management of the home- 
stead, first under the supervision of his father, and 
after the latter's death for his step-mother, prior to 
her second marriage. February 28, 1878, Mr. 
Nolle wedded Marie Louisa Sophy, daughter of 
Herman and Louisa Sophy (Kettler) Wilice. Mrs. 
Nolle was one of three children, two of whom are 
living. February 25, 1891, she was called from 
her loving family circle by death, though she had 
only attained the age of thirty-five years, seven 
months and three days. She was the mother of 
five daughters, who all reside under the parental 
roof, their names in order of birth being as fol- 
lows: Amelia, Bertha, Dora, Ida and Clara. In 
1891 Mr. Nolle married Anna Marie Catherine 
Grau, who is one of the three children of John and 
Oelken (Sossman) Grau. Mr. and Mrs. Nolle have 
become the parents of a son and daughter, Martha 
and Martin by name. 

In 1891 Mr. Nolle purchased the farm to whose 
cultivation he now devotes himself. Prior to that 
year he iiad leased a farm from his father-in-law, 
Herman Wilke, for a number of years, and it was 
on account of the latter's ill-treatment of him that 
he concluded to buy a homestead of his own. He 
has met with many ups and downs on the jour- 
ney of life, and has borne his reverses with cour- 
age and fortitude. At one time, about the year 
1886, lie had a stack of wheat, comprising over 
four hundred bushels, struck bj' lightning. He 
hns made a specialty of growing wheat and corn 
for tlie market, and has realized a goodly income 
from this brancli of agriculture. When he was but 
little past his majority lie began his active career 
by leasing one liundred and twent}' acres, which 
he cnltivaled for fourteen years. 

During the late Civil War Mr. Nolle's father 
was a member of the State Militia of Missouri, and 
being always a true patriot, reared his son in the 

same devoted principles. In politics the latter is 
a firm believer in the platform of the Republican 
party, and never fails in his public duties. Like 
his forefathers he is in religious views a Lutheran, 
and a regular attendant at the church of that de- 
nomination. Honorable and upright in his deal- 
ings with one and all, he has won many warm 
friends, who hold him in high esteem. 


REV. GEORGE W. PENN, pastor of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South of St. 
Charles, comes from a family noted for 
its strong religious tendencies. His father, James 
Penn, and three of his brothers are ministers in 
the same denomination with which he is connected. 
The Penns are of English aneestiy, and our sub- 
ject is believed to be a direct descendant of the 
famous William Penn, whose pictures he much re- 

James Penn was born in Bedford County. Va., 
February 22, 1810. James R. Penn, our subject's 
grandfather, with his two brothers, John and Will- 
iam, left Pennsylvania and settled in the South. 
One located on the James River, one in North Car- 
olinaand one in eastern Virginia. The latter, James 
R., removed to Kentucky when his son James was 
only seven years old. Here the boyhood of our 
subject's father was passed, and such education as 
he received was obtained m the subscription schools 
of that new countiy. Though he was reared in 
the Episcopal faith, he became interested in the 
Methodist Episcopal denomination at tiie age of 
twentj'-five years, and started out as an itinerant 
minister. For sixteen years he preached the Gos- 
pel throughout tlie central part of Kentucky, in 
the famous Ashland District. In his early life he 
was fond of pleasure, and especially of dancing, 
and was always the leader at weddings, which usu- 
all}' terminated with a ball lasting until daybreak. 
On one of these occasions, when he was about 
twenty- four years of age, he missed his young wife 
when it was nearly midnight. He wished her to 



be his partner in tiie dance, and souglit her in an 
adjoining room, wliere 8he was earnestlj' discuss- 
ing religious views with several elderlj' ladies. 
Her gentle and earnest manner of refusing to join 
him in the dance forced upon him the conviction 
that he was a sinner. About three weeks later, 
wliile lie was plowing in the cornfield, he was sud- 
den Ij- converted, and went to tlie house to tell 
his wife the joyful news. That evening she in- 
vited some of her neighbors to a prayer-meeting, 
for she was a devout Baptist, and James Penn for 
the lirst time in liis life led in puiilic prayer. After 
a 3-ear'B probation as an exiiorter, he was licensed 
to preach, and began his work as a circuit-rider. 
It is related that the horse he rode, a beautiful an- 
imal, called "Lady Washington," was of so easy a 
gait that the owner pursued most of his studies 
while on horseback. After she was sold she be- 
came a famous racehorse, and was long considered 
one of the finest horses in Kentucky. 

In the fall of 1851 James Penn removed with 
his family to Memphis, Scotland County, Mo., 
where he remained for a few months. From there 
he went to Canton, Lewis County, where he is still 
living, though he has reached the advanced age of 
eigbty-tive years. After reaching Missouri he con- 
tinued his ministerial labors until 1879, when he 
was placed on the superannuated list. Notwith- 
standing his weight of years, he occasionally takes 
his place in the pulpit. Ills wife, JNIary Ann, was 
a daughter of Aaron Shiveley, a native of Ger- 
man3', who emigrated to America at the beginning 
of this century. Mary A. Penn was born near 
Campbellsville, Ky., in 1807, and died June 30, 
1861. Two of her brothers were ministers in the 
Baptist Cliurcli, while her j'oungest brother, Aaron, 
Jr., is a physician, now about seventy-five years of 
age, and a resident of Cain|ibellsville. The ances- 
tors of our subject are noted for longevitj', and 
his father's eldest brother, Howard, who died in 
1879, reached his ninety-first jear. 

George W. Penn was born in Campbell County, 
Ky., November 14, 1839. He attended the sub- 
scription schools until he reached the age of twelve 
years, when he came to Missouri. For three years 
he attended Central College in Fayette, and at 
the end of that time, although only sixteen years 

old, took a school, which he taught for a year. In 
the fall of 18.")8 he began his work in the ministr}^ 
and from that time until 1882 continued in the 
conference, engaged in the work of saving souls. 
In the fall of 1882 he was elected Circuit Clerk 
and ex-officio Recorder of Calloway County, which 
office he filled for some eight years, making his 
home in Fulton. During this time he continued 
his pastoral duties, and in the whole eight years 
was absent from the puljjit only twelve Sundays. 
At his own expense he visited destitute churches, 
preaching sometimes as often as tliree times a 
day. His knowledge of the needs of the country 
was such that he knew just where his aid was re- 
quired, and he has traveled every mile of road in 
the county. In 1889 he was re-admitted to the 
Annual Conference, and in the fall of 1890 was 
appointed Presiding Elder for the St. Charles Dis- 

In 1888 the offlces of Circuit Clerk and Recorder 
were separated, but Governor Francis appointed 
Mr. Penn Recorder, after consulting the best legal 
authority. Inasmuch as he had been elected to 
the office, it was decided he could fill the same 
during the remainder of the term b}' appointment. 
Therefore for two 3ears he held [lossession of two 
seals, signing papers as two officials, and during 
the Last three months had in addition to attend to 
the twenty-five ministers and congregations in his 
district. In September, 1894, having served out 
his four j'ears as Presiding Elder, he was appointed 
to take charge of his present pulpit. 

April 2, 1861, Mr. Penn married Miss Mary A. 
Reynolds, a native of Calloway County. She was 
born just opposite Jefferson City, November 25, 
1839. Her parents were Richard S. and Nancy H. 
(Irvin) Reynolds, natives of Louisa and Culpeper 
Counties, Va., respectively. Richard Reynolds 
left home at the age of eighteen years, went to 
Cincinnati, and from there came to Missouri. His 
wife, Nancy, was previously married to William 
Chappel, and with him she went to Tennessee, in 
which slate occurred his death. Subsequently she 
came to Missouri, whither her father had preceded 
ber, and in this state occurred her marriage to Mr. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Penn were born five children: 



James Richardson, Andrew M. (deceased), Nannie 
Cbappel, George Scott and Howard. The eldest 
son, James, is at present a notary public and ab- 
stract attorney in Fulton, Mo. April 5, 1888, he 
married Miss Rose Spanliorst, a native of Fulton. 
Socially Mr. Penn is a member of Fulton Lodge 
No. 48, A. F. cfe A. M.; Orion Chapter No. 49, R. 
A. M.; and Calvary Commandery No. 28, K. T. 
He has served for two years as Grand Prelate of 
the Missouri Grand Lodge of Knights Templar, 
and for the same length of time served in the 
Grand Chapter in a corresponding ofHce. In poli- 
tics he is a Democrat, as was his father before him. 


^ I ' 1 ' I I ) • ■ 

among his friends as "Charlie" Jaspering, 
is one of the honored German-American 
citizens of township 47, range 5 east, St. Charles 
County. For nearly forty years he has made his 
home within the county' limits, and during this 
time has been identified with the progress of this 

A native of Hanover, Germanj', Mr. Jaspering 
was born September 3, 1845, to Ileinrich and Marie 
(Bude) Jaspering. He is one of four children, the 
others being girls, one of whom has passed to the 
better land. The mother of these children died 
in the Fatherland, when about thirty-six years of 
age. Subsequently the father married Klora Uiil- 
niansik. About 1857 the family sailed for the 
United States and proceeded direct to St. Charles 
County, wliere the father's death occurred some 
twelve years later. 

Our subject being a lad of twelve years at the 
time of his sailing to the United States, the inci- 
dents of the voyage were impressed upon his mind. 
They left the port of Breraerhaven and for thir- 
teen weeks were tossed to and fro on the Atlantic. 
Tiie journey was made b}' way of New Orleans 
and St. Louis to St. Charles, where thej' remained 
for a number of weeks. Some years prior to this 
an uncle of our subject had located near New 

Melle, and thither they soon proceeded. During 
the first winter the father worked for neighboring 
farmers, and in the spring leased a farm in com- 
pany with his brother-in-law. This tract of laud 
comprised fift3- acres, distant about three miles 
from the village of New Melle. For five years 
the family made their home on this place, but on 
account of the father's poor health success did not 
attend their efforts to any great extent. After- 
ward they located near the present farm of our 
subject, where sixty acres were leased, and here oc- 
curred the father's death at the age of fifty-six 

From boyhood Karl Jaspering was familiar with 
agricultural pursuits, his father giving him a prac- 
tical training in the same. His education was that 
of the common schools, in addition to which he had 
a year's instruction in the Lutheran school situ- 
ated at New Melle. He has never neglected any 
opportunity for advancing himself in knowledge 
of a practical nature, and is well informed on the 
general topics of the day. After the death of his 
father he worked for two years for neighbors, and 
tlien leased the farm which his father had oc- 
cupied. To the cultivation of this place he de- 
voted himself energetically for the next fifteen 
years, managing to lay aside a certain sum each 
year, wherewith to purchase land for himself as 
soon as it seemed advisable. In 1886 he became 
the owner of his present homestead of thirty-five 
acres. This land is well adapted for the purpose 
to which it is mainly given, that of raising grain 
of all kinds. In return for the labor and care 
he bestows upon it the owner yearly reaps a sub- 
stantial sum in addition to the living expenses of 
his familj^, who are well provided for. 

In June, 1868, Mr. Jaspering married Clara 
Marie Uhlmansik, whose worthy parents have long 
since been called to the home above. Mr. and 
Mrs. Jaspering have been blessed with four chil- 
dren, namely: Lena, who died at the age of three 
years; Louisa, who is married and has one child; 
Caroline, who resides with her father; and J('hn,a 
valued assistant in the work of the old home farm. 

Disappointment and trials fall to eveiy one,and 
Mr. Jaspering's lot has been no exception to the rule. 
In spite of obstacles in his path, however, he has 




succeeded in an eminent degree in acquiring a 
snug fortune. In 1883 lie met with a severe loss, 
as a torniidu, passing over his farm, damaged his 
crops and buildings to the extent of several hun- 
dred dollars. In tlie face of adversity he never 
lost heart, but has bravely sought to remedy and 
overcome ditticulties. In his religious belief he is 
a Lutheran, adhering to the faith of his ancestors. 
His right of franchise he uses in favor of the can- 
didates approved by the Republican party, and at 
all times he strives to .the best of his ability to 
faithfully fulfill the duties devolving upon him as 
a citizen. 


spent the greater part of her life as a res- 
ident of St. Charles County, this estim- 
able lady is well known to the citizens thereof, and 
especially to those living in township 47, range 6, 
where she makes her home. .She is the owner of a 
farm consisting of one hundred and seventy-four 
acres of ver3- productive land, from the cultiva- 
tion of which she receives a good income. 

Mrs. Moslander was born in Albemarle County, 
Va., Jul^' 13, 1829, and is adaughter of Alexander 
and Frances Ann (Overstreet) Jameson. There 
were seven children in the family, four sons and 
three daughters, of whom four are now living. 
The father came to Missouri some time during the 
'30s and settled in St. Chailes County, remaining 
here until his death, which occurred at the age of 
about forty-five years. He was a faithful soldier 
in the War of 1812, in which he served until its 

The educational advantages received by our 
subject were not very good, the schools in those 
da}'s being inferior in quality of instruction af- 
forded. Under her mother's training, she was fit- 
ted for the management of a home of her own, 
and was prepared for the discharge of her duties 
as wife and helpmate. August 21, 1855, she was 
united in marriage with Stephen Best, with whom 
she lived happily until his death, October 4, 1874, 

at the age of sixty years, six months and thirteen 
days. Mr. Best was a son of Stephen Best, Sr., 
and was an old and honored resident of St. Charles 

By her union with Mr. Best, our subject became 
the mother of three sons and four daughters, name- 
ly: Anna p]lizabeth, who married .James R. Fergu- 
son, became the mother of three children and is now 
deceased; Stephen William, who married Maria 
Dwiggins, and has six childrep; John Beauregard, 
deceased; Dora Edna, who is married to William 
Gray, and has three children; Lucy Jane; Cora Lee, 
deceased; and Tillman Edgar, who is at home. 

The second marriage of our subject occurred 
October 31, 1879, when she became the wife of 
Charles Godfrey Moslander, a native of Kentucky. 
On coming to Missouri, Mr. Moslander settled in 
St. Louis County, where he rented land and en- 
gaged in farming for a number of years. Thence 
he came to St. Charles County, where he remained 
until his death, September 20, 1885, at the age of 
fifty-nine. In religion Mrs. Moslander is identi- 
fied with tlie Methodist Church South, and is in- 
terested in everything pertaining to the welfare of 
that denomination. She is well-to-do, and in her 
declining jears is surrounded bj- all the comforts 
of life. 

/""VARR EDWARDS, whose home is in the 
^^_J city of St. Charles, is Surveyor and ex- 
ojficio Road and Bridge Commissioner of 
St. Charles County and one of its leading citizens. 
He is a stalwart adherent of the Democratic party, 
with which he has been identified since becoming 
a voter. In the election of 1892. though the 
county went Republican by a majority of thirty- 
seven, his own majority was ninety-six, a gain of 
one hundred and thirty-three votes on the ticket. 
Mr. Edwards was born near Foristell, in Warren 
County, Mo., February 11, 1858, and is the son of 
J. A. B. Edwards, one of the sturdy old pioneers 
of Warren County, who was born in Virginia and 
emigrated to Missouri in 1838. At the present 



time he is living on tlie farm purchased and en- 
teied by his father, Maj. Brice Edwards, in 1838. 
The latter was a hero of the War of 1812, and won 
his title during his service in a Virginia regiment. 
His father, Ambrose, was also a patriot and served 
in the War of the Revolution. He was born in 
the Old Dominion, but was of Welsh parentage, 
his father having emigrated to America from 
Wales early in the eighteenth century. The mother 
of our subject, Elizabeth .T. Edwards, was also a 
native of Virginia, and was married in Warren 
County. Mo., in 1851. Her parents, Carr and 
Eliza (LaNier) Edwards, were born in the Old 
Dominion, the mother being of French descent. 

The boyhood days of our subject were spent on 
ills father's farm, and though he attended the dis- 
trict schools for a few terms they were of such a 
primitive description that the lad was placed un- 
der the instruction of a private tutor, who was for 
three years a member of the Edwards family in 
that capacity. In 187.5 Mr. Edwards entered the 
.State Normal School at Kirksville, and at the end 
of a \'ear took charge of a school. For the next 
three years his attention was given to teaching, 
but in 1879 he entered the State University at Co- 
lumbia for the purpose of becoming a civil engin- 
eer. When he had completed a two-years course 
in that institution he returned to his former occu- 
pation as a teacher, continuing in this profession 
for some nine years. A portion of this time he 
devoted to civil engineering, and in 1884 was 
nominated on the Democratic ticket for Surveyor 
of AVarren County, but was defeated. The follow- 
ing spring he removed to a farm he had purchased 
near ForistcU, and in the intervals between the 
terms of school which he conducted in the neigh- 
borhood he superintended the management of his 
farm. In 1888 he was again defeated on the Demo- 
cratic ticket for the position of Countj^ Surveyor, 
but was victorious in the election of 1892, as pre- 
viously stated. 

October 27, 1881, was celebrated the marriage of 
Mr. Edwards and Jennie, daughter of Ilutchins B. 
Ferrell, a farmer of St. Charles County. The latter 
was one of the early settlers of this locality, hav- 
ing in 1836 removed liere with his wife from Vir- 
ginia, of which state they were both natives. Both 

died a few years ago. Mrs. Edwards received her 
education in Woodlawn Seminary, and in the 
Fairview Female Institute, near O'Fallon, this 
county. To Mr. and Mrs. Edwards have been 
born four children, as follows: Edmonia A., Eliz- 
abeth, Carr and Brice. 

Socially Mr. Edwards is identitied with the 
Knights of Pythias, as a member of Lodge No. 
227, of St. Charles. As a county official he bears 
a good reputation for the fidelity with which he 
discharges every duty, and he well merits the 
confidence which has been placed m him by his 
friends and constituents. 





HENRY HEMSATH, a prominent citizen 
and leading agriculturist of township 46, 
range 4, St. Charles County, is a native of 
the state of Missouri. He was born on the farm 
where he now lives, July 23, 1850, his parents being 
Casper Henry and Catherine (Langa) Hemsath, na- 
tives of Hanover, Germany. The father emigrated 
to the United States in 1844, and came direct to 
this county. On his arrival here, he purchased 
thirty-five acres of land, which was at that time 
in a wild, uncultivated state. He immediately set 
about clearing and improving the same, and soon 
had a nice little farm, on which he lived until his 
death, which occurred in 1880. His wife, who liad 
come to this countiy some years previous to 1844, 
survived him one year, passing awav in 1881. 

The mother of our subject was married three 
times. The first husband was Hermann H. Plage- 
voth, and to this union were born two children, 
Wilhelmina and Sophia. Her second union was 
with Fritz Zeick, and two children were the result 
of this marriage, Louisa and Catherine. The third 
time she became the wife of Casper H. Hemsath, 
the father of our subject, and to them were born 
three children. Henry is the subject of this sketch. 
Hermann, who lives on a farm in this township, 
married Miss Sophia Breuster, and they have two 
children, Alma and August. George is still single, 



and is living the free and liappy life of a farmer 
in this count}'. 

The subject of this sivetch has been twice mar- 
ried. The first time he cliose Miss Sophia Bhizeas 
the companion of his life, hut she only remained 
to share his joys and sorrows seven short years, 
being called to the land beyond in 1890. In 1892 
he was united in marriage with Miss Sophia Dieck- 
bernd, a native of Prussia, Germany. She was 
born September 3, ISGo, and was the eldest child 
in a family of seven born unto Hermann and Wil- 
helmina (Freese) Dieckbernd, whose names in order 
of birth are as follows: Sophia. Mary, Henry, Fritz, 
Minnie, August and Lizzie. Mr. and Mrs. Hem- 
sath are the parents of one child, Frederick Her- 
man, born September 10, 1893. 

Mr. Hemsath purchased his present farm of sixty 
acres in 1882. He has always carried on general 
farming, and has been very successful in his under- 
takings. An industrious, self-respecting man, he 
has the esteem and confidence of the community 
in which lie lives, and his character is above re- 
proach. Politically he is a Republican, and 
always voted for the candidates of his party. He 
has never aspired to public ofBce, but has taken 
an active part in politics and the welfare of his 
township and vicinity. He and his excellent wife 
are both members of the Evangelical Church, and 
are liberal givers to the support of the same. 



(Tp* NTON F. MISPAGEL, one of theinfluen- 
/ — \ tial and enterprising business men of St. 
Charles, has been for about five years 
Cashier of the St. Charles Savings Bank, in which 
responsible position he has shown marked ability 
and trustworthiness. For a period of four years 
he held the office of County Collector of Revenue, 
having been elected on the Republican ticket, and 
in the discharge of the duties devolving upon 
him in that capacity he also received much credit. 
The jxirents of our suliject were Anton and Eliz- 
abeth (Mueller) Mispagel, both of whom were born 

in Hanover, German3\ The father, who is liv- 
ing in Martinshurg, Audrain County, Mo., was 
born in 1832, and came to the United States about 
1817. He was married in 1853 to Miss Mueller, 
who was born in the year 1836, and who departed 
this life in O'Fallon, Mo., when in her thirty-eighth 
year. To them were born seven children, only two 
of whom, Anton and Mary, survive. Our subject's 
father has been engaged in agricultural pursuits 
during his entire life and lias beconio quite well-to- 
do. His parents were Henry and Theresa (Fehleg) 
INIispagel, who lived in Europe, where they died 
when about sixty years of age. Tlie maternal 
grandparents of our subject were Frederick and 
Theresa Mueller. The former died at the age of 
sixty-three, and the latter at the age of sixty-eight 
years. They passed the span of their years in their 
native land, Germany. 

Anton F. Mispagel was born in O'Fallon, St. 
Charles County, August 26, 1855, and passed his 
boyhood under the parental roof. He early learned 
the duties of farm life, and made the best of his 
educational advantages. He attended both public 
and parochial schools, and when nineteen years of 
age went to St. Louis to obtain practical business 
instruction in Jones' Commercial College. Re- 
turning home, he obtained a position as clerk in a 
general store at O'Fallon, and there continued for 
some time. After his marriage, in 1876, he removed 
to St. Louis and obtained employment in a gro- 
cery. When two years had expired lie removed to 
St. Paul, Mo., where he engaged in mercantile pur- 
suits for four years. 

May 30, 1876, Mr. Mispagel and Ludwina Bez- 
zenberger were united in marriage. The lady is a 
daughter of Joseph and Catherine (Siegler) Bez- 
zenberger, the former of whom was born in Wur- 
temberg, Germany, while his wife was a native of 
Pennsylvania. To Mr. and Mrs. Mispagel was 
born one child, Ludwina, who died at the age of 
two years. 

In 1886 our subject was elected to the position 
of Revenue Collector of St. Charles County, and 
upon being elected came to St. Cliarles. In Feb- 
ruary, 1890, he was elected Cashier of the St. Charles 
Savings Bank, in which, as pi'eviously mentioned, 
he is still officiating, lie and his worthy wife are 



faithful members of the Catholic Church. In the 
ranks of the Republican party Mr. Mispagel is an 
active worker and highl}' respected. He is self- 
made in a business sense, and deserves the prosper- 
ity wliieh he now enjoys. In all relations of life 
he is strictly honorable and upright, and enjoys 
the confidence of liis fellow-citizens. Politically 
he is Chairman of the Republican Executive Com- 
mittee of St. Charles County. 



FREDERICK .J. AHMANN. A position of 
influence among the citizens of Warren 
County is lield b}' the gentleman whose 
name introduces this sketch, and who is numbered 
among the large land-owners of township 45, range 
2. His propert3-, which amounts to three hundred 
and ten acres, is located on sections 15, 23 and 24, 
and has been gained through his unaided exertions, 
showing what m.aj- be accomplished b}' industry 
and energ3% when coupled with good business judg- 
ment and a determination to succeed. 

A native of this countj-, our subject was born 
August 13, 1837, and was the eldest but one in the 
family of Jacob and Sophia (Boemker) Ahmann. 
The parents were born in German3% where they 
spent their early lives, being married after emigrat- 
ing to America. The father located in this count}' 
in 1832, and was therefore classed among its very 
earliest residents. He invested his means in land, 
and until the daj' of his death was occupied in its 
cultivation. Me died February 28, 1861. Mrs. 
Ahmann lived until 1877, passing away December 
17 of that year. 

The education of Frederick .J. was gained in the 
schools of Warren County, and by subsequent read- 
ing he has become a well informed man. He re- 
mained under the parental roof, aiding his father 
in the farm work, until twenty-four years of age, 
when he began the struggles of life on his own ac- 
count. Being industrious and persevering, he over- 
came all the obstacles which beset his path and in- 
creased his acreage as his means would permit. 

until at the present time he is one of the most ex- 
tensive grain and stock growers in the township. 
He has alwa^-s been honest and upright in dealing 
with his fellow-man, and is therefore much respect- 
ed b}' all who know him. 

The ceremony which united our subject with 
Miss Caroline Schuster was performed Februarj' 
21, 1861. The lady was the daughter of Frederick 
W. and Dina Schuster, also born in the kingdom 
of Prussia. Their daughter was born in Warren 
County, this state, and by her union with our sub- 
ject has become the mother of six children. Their 
eldest son, Julius, died when three 3'ears old; Au- 
gust E., Louis A., Frank F., John F. and Emma 
are living. I;Ouis and Frank are regarded as 
among the prominent educators of this count}' and 
have been engaged in teaching for some time. 

Mr. Ahmann and his famil3''are members of the 
Evangelical Ciiurch, and try to carr}' out the teach- 
ings of the Divine Master in their daily life, mak- 
ing all who know them respect them for the faith 
they so earnestl3' uphold. He has never desired 
ofHce, but has been content to use his influence in 
a quiet way b3' voting with the Republican party. 

::-i^gggiV^ ->o , 

Hanover, Germany, was born in Osn.abruck, 
Seiitember 10, 1838. Since 1857 he has lived 
in St. Charles County, and since 1858 he has 
dwelt on the farm where he still resides, eventually 
succeeding to the proprietorship of this homestead. 
The farm is located in township 47, range 4, and 
numbers within its boundaries some seventy-two 

John Bernard and Mary (Bekebrede) Schnetlage, 
our subject's parents, were born in Hanover, Ger- 
man3', where they grew to manhood and woman- 
hood. The father, who was born in the latter part 
of the last centur3', followed the profession of 
teaching music, and met his death by drowning in 
April, 1839, his body being found the next morn- 
ing by a cousin. His first wife was a Miss Minnie 



Brenning, by whom he had five children: Eliza- 
beth and Arnold, who died in infancj-; Bernard, 
who came to Amtrica in 1844; and Maria and 
Frederick, who came to this country in 1847. 
Bernard, a talented musician, first settled in St. 
Louis, and later removed to Chicago, where he 
died in 1874. Maria became the wife of John 
Blanchard Bowman, at one time Mayor of East 
St. Louis, and who was assassinated November 20, 
1885. His widow is now living in Los Angeles, 
Cal. Frederick, bookkeeper for the William H. 
Lees Liquor Company of St. Louis, came to Amer- 
ica in 1847, and was married in 1860 to Mary 
Santhous, a native of Nashville, Tenn. Our sub- 
ject's mother was born July 4, 1811, and he was 
her only child by her first marriage. 

On the 1st of November, 1857, John XL, of this 
sketch, and his widowed mother came to the United 
States. They sailed for New Orleans, and from 
that city went to Memphis, Tenn., and thence 
to St. Louis. At that time they had relatives by 
the name of Wolthaus living in this county, and 
also a friend by the name of Conrad Grueiikorn 
living here. Thej- first located at St. Charles, the 
son working on farms near the city and thus mak- 
ing a living for himself and mother. April 15, 
1858, the latter became the wife of Christolph 
Henneke, who was born November 29, 1811, near 
Hanover. At the time of his marriage he was the 
owner of the farm where our subject now resides. 
His death occurred April 30, 1893, at the age of 
eighty-one years and five months. His wife de- 
parted this life January 14, 1892, aged eighty 
years and six months. 

August 7. 1892, John H. Schnetlage and Mrs. 
Mary Toensing were united in marriage at St. 
Charles by the Rev. R. Wobus, now deceased. The 
lady is a daughter of Herman and Mary (Fresen- 
burg) Molahn, who were both born in Hanover, 
Germany, and who died in that province. The 
father was three times married, his first wife, 
above mentioned, dying in 1849. By his union 
with Anna Henger he had two children: Gerhard, 
now living on the old homestead in Germany, and 
a soldier of llie French and Prussian War; and 
Henry, who died in infancy. Their mother died 
in 1853, and later the father married Mary Linde- 

mann. By this union were born two children: 
Diedrich, who was born in 1864, and is now farm- 
ing on the old homestead; and Catherine, who 
also lives in the Fatherland. Mr. Molahn died in 
1886. The first husband of Mrs. Schnetlage was 
Henry Toensing, who was born January 18, 1819, 
in Hanover. Their marriage was celebrated in 
this county, after which they became residents of 
St. Louis, where the husband carried on a leather- 
shop. He died October 14, 1891, aged seventy- 
two years. Of the four ciiildren born to them, 
Louisa died when eight months old; Helena, born 
January 4, 1876, married Henry Levernz, October 
26, 1893, and both she and her husband have since 
made their home with our subject; Minnie died in 
infancy; and John died at the age of eight 3'ears. 
During the War of the Rebellion, our subject 
belonged to the home guards and militia, but his 
services were never called into requisition. He 
has never held any county or township offices, 
and has always been independent in politics, vot- 
ing for the man whom he considers best qualified, 
but of late he has supported the Democrac}'. Botii 
he and his wife were reared in the Lutheran faith, 
but are now members of tiie German Evangelical 
Church of St. Charles. 


tor of the Jefferson Street Presbyterian 
Church of St. Charles, has been in charge 
of this congregation for the past four 3'ears. He 
is a graduate of the theological seminary at Au- 
burn, N. Y., and has met with gratifying success in 
his chosen life work. 

The father of Rev. Albert Hughey, Allen T., 
was born in Pittsylvania County, Va., .lanuary 24, 
1821, and removed with his father, whose Christian 
name was also Allen, to Kentucky when about 
twelve years of age, and in 1850 became a resident 
of Perry County, 111., where he still resides. The 
Hughey family is of Scottish origin, the great- 
grandfather of our subject having come to Amer- 



ica as a soldier in the British army during the 
Revolutionary War, and at the close of hostilities 
he concluded to make this new country his home. 

Allen T. Hughey married Miss Sarah, daughter 
of Robert Stinson. She was born in Crittenden 
County, K3\, and was married April 10, 1844. In 
the spring of 1894 she and her husband celebrated 
the fiftieth anniversary of their marriage, and on 
this memorable occasion there were present seventy 
of their children and grandchildren. They became 
the parents of thirteen children, three of whom 
died in infanc3', while the remainder grew to ma- 

Rev. Albert S. Hughey is a native of Illinois, 
having been born near Pinckneyville, May 29, 
1856. He is the sixth in order of birth in his fa- 
ther's famil3% and during his early years his life 
was passed upon a farm. His primary education 
was acquired in the district schools, and for one 
term he engaged in teaching a country school. In 
the fall of 1876 he entered the preparatory^ de- 
partment of Wabash College, at Crawfordsville, 
Ind., and for the five years following his time was 
spent on studies comprised in the regular colle- 
giate course, after completing which he graduated 
with honor. In 1881 the degree of Bachelor of 
Arts was conferred upon him, and seven j^ears 
later he received the additional degree of Master 
of Arts. After his graduation from Wabash Col- 
lege, Mr. Hughey preached for a year in Butler, 
111., after which, in the fall of 1882, he entered the 
theological seminary at Auburn, N. Y., graduating 
therefrom in May, 1885. 

The first charge of the Rev. Mr. Hughey was a 
mission chapel at Auburn, N. Y., the congregation 
being shortly afterward organized under the name 
of the Westminster Presbyterian Church. For 
five years he continued to occupj' that pulpit, and 
was very instrumental in the upbuilding and pros- 
perity of the church. Receiving a call from the 
St. Charles Presbyterian Church, he accepted the 
same, and assumed his pastoral relations with the 
Jeflferson Street congregation in October, 1890. 

September 9, 1885, Mr. Hughey married Miss G. 
Minnie Nichols, of Sugar Hill, N. Y., a daughter 
of Harvey and Hannah J. Nichols, of Schuyler 
County, N. Y. She was called from this life July 

15, 1886, leaving a daughter, who survived her 
mother but six months. July 19, 1888, our sub- 
ject married Miss Fannie E., daughter of Rev. 
Silas and Fannie M. C. (Nelson) McKinney. The 
birth of Mrs. Hughey occurred August 4, 1857, in 
Durban, Natal, Africa, where her father was for sev- 
enteen years a missionary to the Zulus, and in that 
far-away land her mother passed to her final rest. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Hughey have been born three 
children: Nellie McKinney, who died in infancy; 
Albert S., Jr.; and Florence E. 

Though formerly a member of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, Mr. Hughey has not affiliated with the or- 
der for many years. He is still a member of the 
Sigma Chi Society, into which he was initiated 
while pursuing his studies at college. Politically 
he uses his ballot in favor of the Republican party. 



9^i«^ * ^ji»ftk^^'V<r^ 


RIEDRICH KNEHANS. For thirty years 
this worthy and honorable farmer of town- 
ship 47, range 5, has been a resident of St. 
Charles County, where he has hosts of sincere 
friends. Few men have experienced more difficul- 
ties and hardships in the journey' of life than has 
fallen to his lot, but true worth and unswerving 
steadiness of purpose always succeed in the end, 
and thus it bids fair to prove with him. Some 
twenty years ago he became bondsman for several 
county officials, among whom were professed friends 
and even relatives. Owing to their dishonesty 
Mr. Knehans' hardly-won possessions were all swept 
away in order to pay their bonds. The result of 
this has been that though now well along in years 
he and his estimable wife have been obliged to 
commence at the bottom round of the ladder once 
more in order to provide means for present and 
future sustenance. 

Born in Buchhorst, Prussia, Germany, August 
20, 1823, our subject is the son of Heinrich and 
Agnes (Pallmeier) Knehans, the former of whom 
was a soldier in the Franco-Prussian War of 1815. 
The parents both passed away in the Fatherland, 



the former when in his sixty-sixth year, and the 
latter at the age of seventy-three years. Their 
family comprised four children, three sons and a 
daughter, two of the former being now deceased. 

The boyhood and youth of our subject were 
passed under the parental roof, where he remained 
until seventeen years of age. The next eight years 
were passed in working for friends and neighbors, 
at the end of which time, as his old parents wore 
left alone, he returned home and continued to 
work for tlieir sujjport until he was forty-one years 
old, his father having died a year previously. 

Mr. Knehans has been twice married, his first 
union being with Catherine, daughter of Henry 
and Marie Bennefeld. She became the mother of 
three children, who are all deceased. The second 
wife of our subject was Mrs. Marie Charlotte Loh- 
meier, a daugliter of Karl .Schlechte. She was one 
of five children, the others being sons, and the 
family circle is still unbroken by death. Mrs. 
Knehans was married to our subject August 30, 
1878. By her former marriage she had ten chil- 
dren, of whom three daughters and a son survive. 
Three of the number are married and live in this 
county, while tiie youngest daughter makes her 
home with her mother. To Mr. and Mrs. Knehans 
were born the following children now living: 
Sophy, who is the wife of R. Henzler, by whom she 
has three children; Friedrich Wilhelm Kohrs, who 
is married, has one child, and lives near St. Charles, 
where his elder sister resides; Wilhelmina, Mrs. 
Wilhelm Walter; and Louisa, who lives at tlie old 
home. Mrs. Walter lias two children. Her hus- 
band is a teacher in the district schools at Cottle- 
ville, St. Charles County. The grandparents and 
parents of Mrs. Knehans all died and were buried 
in Germany. With the exception of her mother, 
who died when young, her forefathers reached a 
ripe old age. 

In the spring of 1864 Mr. Knehans left Bremen 
and sailed for New York City, from where he 
proceeded direct to St. Louis, and then to St. 
Charles. Until the spring of 1865 be lived at the 
home of an acquaintance, a Mr. Widey . and devoted 
himself to general labor. His first purchase was a 
tract of sixty acres, a portion of his present farm, 
and which was bought on time. In 1867 he added 

forty acres more, and when a few years had elapsed 
found that he could invest in .still more land. His 
property of one hundred and forty-six acres, well 
improved, was paid for by these years of sturdy 
and untiring toil and was valued in all at about 
15,400. When all liis possessions were swept away 
by the fulfilment of his bonds for dishonest per- 
sons, as heretofore slated, he still remained on the 
old place as a renter. His misfortune and his hon- 
est integrity of purpose in life having made liim 
true friends, thev assisted him as far as possible, 
and in a few j' ears, by the aid of his loyal wife, Mr. 
Knehans hopes to be on his feet again. He has 
also suffered heavily in losses by floods on several 
occasions. Tiiese disasters would seem sufficient 
to discourage almost any man, but our subject has 
that strength of character that will not suffer de- 
feat, and his friends and neiglibors predict that he 
will soon be, as formerly, one of the well-to-do 
farmers of the locality. 


JOHN WOLTHAUS is the owner of a well 
improved farm located in township 47, range 
4, St. Charles County. In the truest sense 
of the word he is a self-made man, as he was 
left an orphan when only six years of age and was 
then thrown on the mercies of the cold world. At 
that tender age he was obliged to begin paddling 
his own canoe, and so had no chance for obtaining 
an education. However, the lad possessed inherited 
qualities of industry and perseverance in whatever 
he undertook, and in spite of all obstacles has 
risen to an honorable position in the community. 
In 1887 he was a member of the St. Charles police 
force, and for a few years served as Deputy Road 
Overseer in this township. 

Harmon AVoltliaus, the father of our subject, 
was born in Hanover, Germany. In his youth he 
learned the carpenter's trade, vvhich he followed 
in the Fatherland. For his companion and help- 
mate on life's journey he chose Miss Lena Beke- 
brede, and about 1840, with their son Henry, 



they came to America. Proceeding to St. Louis, 
they had only resided there a short time vvlien the 
father's death occurred. Our subject was then an 
infant, having been born June 3, 1852, in St. Louis. 
Later the mother, with her two children, came to 
St. Charles County and bought a small farm. In 
the course of time she became the wife of Diedrich 
Zumbehl, also a native of Hanover. Mrs. Zumbehl 
died in 1858, and her second husband followed her 
to the silent land about five years later. Henry, 
the brother of our subject, was drowned in Dar- 
denne Creek in 1871. 

At the time of his mother's death, John Wolthaus, 
as previously noted, was only six years old. Un- 
til he reached his majority he worked for neigh- 
boring farmers, and during the last years of this 
period he managed to save a little mone}'. He 
then married Miss Minnie Richterkessing, who was 
born in St. Charles June 22, 1852, her parents be- 
ing Henry and Mary (Fechtmiller) Richterkessing, 
natives of Germany. The mother died in 1856, 
when Mrs. Wolthaus was only four years old. 
She had Sve children: Henry, Louisa, Mary, Willie, 
and Mary, the second of the name. Later Henry 
Richterkessing married Margaret Holschar, of this 
count}', b3' whom he had two children, Annie and 
Diedrich. Mrs. Wolthaus and her brother Henry 
are the onl}' ones living of the father's family. 
The father was an agriculturist during his entire 

Soon after his marriage John Wolthaus bought 
his present farm of eighty-three acres, which he 
expects to make his permanent place of residence. 
He has made manj' substantial improvements upon 
his farm, which he keeps under cultivation. His 
marriage has been blessed with three children, who 
are all at home and attending the neighboring 
schools. Henry, the eldest, was born January 31, 
1875; George October 4, 1877, and Louisa Novem- 
ber 5, 1879. 

All credit is due our subject, who has overcome 
dilliculties in his path wliich would have daunted 
one with less courage and fewer sterling qualities. 
By private study and reading, together with a 
keen observation of events and people coming be- 
neath his notice, he has made himself the practical 
and weU posted man of the world that he is to-day. 

He occupies a high place in the friendship and 
good-will of his large circle of friends and ac- 
quaintances. For the past ten years he has been 
a member of Lodge No. 351, I. O. 0. F., of St. 
Charles, and in politics he is a Republican. 

ROBERT H. DUNLAP, Justice of the Peace 
and Notary Public, is a leading citizen of 
St. Charles. Politically he is a Democrat, 
but his personal popularity is shown by the fact 
that his appointment and confirmation to office 
were from a Mayor and council who were of the 
opposite party. Until recently he was engaged ex- 
tensively in the real-estate and insurance business 
in this place, and is a business man of well known 

Samuel B. Dunlap,the father of our subject, was 
born in Albany, Pa., in January, 1816. He was a 
self-made and self-educated man. His parents were 
very poor, and he pursued his studies at night by 
tlie light of a pine-wood fire, but in spite of all 
difficulties he became a noted scholar, a master of 
Hebrew, Greek and Latin, and acknowledged to be 
one of the best theologians in the Baltimore Con- 
ference. It was the custom of his day to place 
young ministers under the instruction of some 
older man in the church, and in Rev. Mr. Dunlap's 
study there were alwa3's one or more of these nov- 
ices to be found. Among those who studied with 
him were such men as David Johns, Richard Nor- 
ris and Bishop Hurst, and among his best friends 
were John A. Collins, Aquilla A. Reece, Bishop 
Waugh and Bishop Morris. When a3'outh of eigh- 
teen 3'ears Samuel Dunlap was converted at a camp- 
meeting and at once began preaching. Until 1842 
he worked in Maryland and Virginia, but after the 
year just mentioned he became a resident of St. 
Charles, Mo. The Methodist Church was divided 
in 1844 on the slavery question, and although he 
was in a conference which upheld the institution, 
his convictions led him to espouse the other side 
of the question. After establishing his aged par- 
ents on a farm in this county, he returned to the 



East, entering first the Pittsburg Conference in 
1845, from wliich he was transferred to the Balti- 
more Conference in 1854. 

The tirst charge of Rev. Samuel Diinlap was tlie 
Frostbiirg station, in Allegheny County, where he 
was instrumental in the upbuilding of a good con- 
gregation. Later he went to Carlisle, and some 
time after was assigned to the Caroline Street 
Church in Baltimore. While still pastor of that 
congregation his death occurred, Maj- 10, 1861. 
An orator and scholar of note, he was in great de- 
mand as a lecturer, and frequently delivered stir- 
ring addresses on the subject of temperance, then 
much less popular than now. About the l)egin- 
ning of the war he gave an address at a Masonic 
convention which created much favorable com- 
ment for the learning and oratorical excellence dis- 

Samuel B. Dunlap was married in 1842 to Car- 
oline L., daughter of John Easter, who was a prom- 
inent man in Virginia and Marj-land prior to his 
removal to Pennsylvania. AVbile living in the 
Soutli he carried out as far as possible his convic- 
tions regarding the holding of slaves. His wife, 
who had been a wealthy widow when he married 
her, owned a number of slaves and refused to part 
witii her property, as she did not have tbe same 
conscientious scruples. As Mr. Easter did not feel 
it right to sell human beings, he left those who 
wished to remain on the plantation and took the 
others with him to Pennsylvania, where he built a 
mill and gave them employment. 

The birth of our subject occurred in Teiupei- 
anceville, near Pittsburg, Pa., August 17, 1849. 
He received his early education at Frostburg, Md., 
and later attended a subscription school at Me- 
chanicsburg. Pa. At the time of his father's death 
he was attending the Baltimore public schools, but 
shortly after that event the family returned to 
Frostburg, Md. About this time young Robert 
concluded to try and make his own livelihood, but 
his mother was very unwilling to have him leave 
home. After much persuasion she finally consent- 
ed, having been advised to do so by .John Hurst, 
now a Bishop in the church. Before allowing him 
to go into the world with all its temi)tations, the 
loving mother exacted a promise from her boy that 

he would never play cards, and this promise he 
has always kept, no matter what his surroundings 
or companions might be, and, as he himself tersely 
puts it, he considers that that promise to his mother 
has"kept him out of hell." For some eight months 
young Dunlap was employed in a store at Frost- 
burg, but on the expiration of that time he came 
to this count}-, as his grandfather was living on a 
farm in Dardenne Township, near wlijit is now 
known as Mechanicsvillc. During the first winter 
the lad worked on a farm and attended school. 
Until lie was nineteen years of age he continued 
to work on farms, and finally he assumed the en- 
tire charge of the old homestead, his mother and 
two younger sisters joining him by his request. 
About 1870, leaving his younger brother in charge 
of the farm, he went to Omaha, where he entered 
into the coal business. At the end of a year and 
a-half he sent for his brother, placed him in charge 
of the trade, and returned to the farm to assume 
its management. His experiences in Omaha were 
quite varied. He found himself without money 
soon after his arrival there, and took the (irst po- 
sition which offered. Tliis was as a coal heaver, 
but gradually he worked his way upward to a bet- 
ter position until he became bookkeeper, then a 
[)artner, and flnall}' entire owner of the business. 

November 8, 1877, Mr. Dunlap married Miss Car- 
olina A., daughter of B. C. Pierce, of Wentzville, 
who was at one time one of the largest dealers in 
tobacco in this part of the country. Mrs. Dunlap 
was born near Wentzville, September 14, 1857, and 
obtained her elementary education in the common 
schools of that place, after which she pursued her 
studies in Wentzville Academy, then conducted 
by Prof. R. F. Lucketle. Mr. and Mrs. Dunlap 
have had a family of six children, live of whom 
survive. l\ufusG.,thc eldest, is deceased, and the 
others in order of birth are as follows: Bertha E., 
Bessie L., Samuel B., Ruth H. and Caroline A. 

Until 1890 Mr. Dunlap carried on a real-estate 
and insurance business in Meclianicsville, in addi- 
tion to managing his farm. For a number of years 
he also served as Justice of the Peace, but resigned 
that position in 1890 in order to remove to St. 
Charles. Here he opened a real-estate and insur- 
ance office, and was shortly appointed to be Police 



Judge. Since then he has been elected Justice of 
the Peace and Notnry Public. He is Curator of 
St. Charles College, and serves as a member of tlie 
Executive Committee. Both he and his estimable 
wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South, and take a deep interest in its welfare. 

James Dunlap, the grandfather of our subject, 
was a native of Ireland. He was a son of a wealthy 
land-owner and was a lad of high spirit. One day 
while working in the field with Lis eldest brother, 
the latter tormented him with the remark that he 
was doing all the work. Young James became 
quite angry and, sticking his spade in the ground, 
left the field, saying he would never thrust his 
spade in Irish soil again, and in spite of his par- 
ents' persuasion he kept his vow. Starting for 
New York, whence a brother had preceded him, he 
found that his brother had died, and he was thus 
entirely alone in the New World. Drifting to 
Pennsylvania, he married Miss Beulah Burroughs, 
a member of a well known and devout Methodist 
family in Maryland. She converted her husband 
from the Presbyterian faith to her own, and since 
that time their descendants have always been found 
adherents of the' Methodist denomination. 

^'/^ "^/^ -'^ "^^-^ ^l'-' ^'-^ tfS ^'^-^ '^■£' ^"^ ^"-^ ^'^ '^^- 

JACOB MOERSCHEL is one of the worthy 
German-American citizens of St. Charles, 
where he has been engaged in business for 
about five years. But little over a quarter 
of a century ago he landed in St. Louis, a stranger 
in a strange land, with only a few cents in his 
pocket, little knowledge of the language, and no 
one to whom lie could look to lend a helping hand. 
He was a young man who possessed indomitable 
energy and a strong determination to succeed, and 
the exercise of these characteristics has been the 
cause of iiis prosperity in the commercial world. 

The subject of this narrative is a son of Frank 
J. and Annie (Bloethinger) Moerschel, and was 
born July 20, 1848, in Bavaria, Germany. His par- 
ents were likewise natives of Bavaria, and in that 

country occurred the mother's death, at the age of 
thirty-eight years. The father crossed the Atlantic 
in 1889, and departed this life in St. Louis, Mo., at 
the age of seventy-eight years. He was a tanner 
by trade, and followed that occupation throughout 
life as a means of obtaining a livelihood for him- 
self and family. 

Jacob Moerschel is one of nine children, of whom 
four sons and a daughter are still living. He 
received a good common-school education in the 
Fatherland, and worked for his father in the tan- 
nery until he was sixteen years of age. He then 
went into a brewery in his native town to learn 
the business, which he effected in three years, and 
at the age of nineteen, believing that the United 
States afforded better opportunities to a young 
man ambitious to succeed, he determined to leave 
the home and friends of his youth, and seek ad- 
venture and fortune in the New World. Accord- 
ingly, in 1867 he started from home on one of the 
fine palace steamers of the Hamburg Line to New 
Y'ork City, where he remained but a few days, his 
destination being St. Louis, where he immediately 
proceeded. By this time, however, his means had 
dwindled away until he had but a few coppers in 
his possession. He at once looked about for a sit- 
uation of any kind whereby he might earn his daily 
bread, and soon his honest face, and manner won 
him a place in a brewery, where he was employed 
for about six months. He then went to work on 
a farm in Illinois, continuing there for about two 
mouths during the slack period of th<^ brewery 
business. Returning to the city at the end of that 
time, he resumed work in a brewery, and to this 
business has since given his entire time and energy. 
His industry and devotion to his employers' inter- 
ests soon gained him a high place in their favor 
and he was rapidly promoted. He held a number 
of responsible positions, and finally became Super- 
intendent and General Manager. 

In 1890 Mr. Moerschel, who had carefully hus- 
banded his means for manj- year^, found himself 
in a position to go into business for himself, and 
at a favorable opportunity bought the celebrated 
Spring Brewery of St. Charles. Since taking the 
management of this place the proprietor has 
doubled its capacity, and has established a reputa- 



tion for uniformly line goods, second to no house 
in this district. He is numbered among the first- 
class, and upright business men of this 
city, and is entitled to the success which has blessed 
his efforts. 

In 1871 Mr. Moerschel married Bertha Weitzel, 
who was born in Germany. She is one of six chil- 
dren born to Michael and Mary Anna (Ileniiel) 
Weitzel, natives of Germany. The union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Moerschel has been blessed with eight 
children, as follows: Otto, Ida, Bertha, Emma, Cath- 
erine, Jacob, p]rnst and Alma, all of whom reside 
under the parental roof with the exception of 
Emma, who is at school in St. Louis. Appreciating 
the value of a good general and business education, 
Mr. Moerschel has given his children the best op- 
portunities in this direction to be found, and sev- 
eral of his sons and daughters have been awarded 
diplomas upon their graduation from several of 
the finest colleges in Missouri. He is himself 
mainly self-educated in the English language, and 
has done this by his extensive reading and the 
general information which he has obtained in his 
business and social relations. 

VICTOR D. DIERKER, a resident of 
St. Charles, and one of its best business 
men, is Secretary and general manager of 
the Dierker Livery and Transfer Company. This 
firm do an extensive livery and transportation 
business, and so faithfully carry out the wishes of 
their patrons in every detail that the_y well deserve 
the success which has from the first attended their 
efforts. Our subject is a very enterprising and ca- 
pable man in a commercial sense, and has been the 
architect of his own fortunes. 

The birth of Victor D. Dierker occurred October 
25, 1857, in New Melle, St. Charles County. He 
was named in honor of his paternal grandfa- 
ther, and is one of ten children born to John F. 
and Caroline D. (Auping) Dierker. The father 

was born December 25, 1825, in Hanover, Ger- 
many, and on .arriving at man's estate was married, 
June 6, 1850. Ilis wife, a native of the same lo- 
cality as her husband, was born January 23, 18.34. 
Of their large family four sons and four daughters 
aie still living. On the paternal side our subject's 
grandparents were Victor D. and Clara Dierker 
while his maternal grandparents were Casper H. 
and Clara E. Auping. 

About 1842 John F. Dierker removed to the 
United States, and until the breaking out of the 
late war engaged in general merchandising in 
Wentzville, Mo. During the civil conflict he or- 
ganized an independent company, of which he was 
elected Captain, and at the expiration of his term 
of service he was honored with the appointment of 
Captain of Company I, of the Eighth Missouri 
Infantry. Subsequently' this company was incor- 
porated with the Forty-ninth Missouri Infantry, 
which did good service and won honor. Alto- 
gether Mr. Dierker served faithfully for three 
years and eight months, and was always found to 
be thoroughly reliable and trustworthy by his su- 
periors. After Lee's surrender he took charge of 
the Fremont House in St. Charles, and operated 
the same for the nest three years, when he sold 
out. His attention was next turned to the livery 
and undertaking business, which he successfully 
followed until 1893, when he retired from an act- 
ive career. 

The boyhood days of Victor D. Dierker were 
quietly passed ia the village where he was born. 
He received the benefits of a good education, pur- 
suing his studies at St. Paul's School, and later 
graduating from St. Charles College. On the com- 
pletion of his school life he assisted his father in 
his livery business, and gradually took upon his 
own shoulders a large share of the responsibility 
and work pertaining thereto. In October, 1881, 
he embarked in the omnibus and transfer business, 
and by this independent effort made his principal 
start in life. As previously stated, lie has been, 
during the last few years, superintendent and 
Secretary of the Dierker Liver}' and Transfer 
Company, and has built up a large patronage and 
an enviable reputation for this concern. He pos- 
sesses unusual business ability, and by his correct 



methods and honorable treatment of the public has 
won their high regard. 

October 13, 1888, Mr. Dierker married Miss 
Mary N. Morris. She is the daughter of Hugh 
and Sarah (Morris) Morris, well known and re- 
spected citizens of St. Louis. To our worthy sub- 
ject and his estimable wife have been born two 
sons, to whom have been given the names of Fred- 
erick H. and Hugh. 

In political convictions Mr. Dierker sides with 
the Republican party and is greatly interested in 
its success. He is a loyal and devoted citizen, 
striving to the best of his knowledge and ability 
to promote the general good and to advance all 
measures whicli have as their object the elevation 
of mankind. 

DAVID MARTIN DAVIS. It was on the 
8th of April, 1859, that Mr. Davis, then a 
young man of twenty-two years, arrived 
in St. Charles Count}^, and here he has since made 
his home. During the intervening years he has, 
through the prosecution of agricultural pursuits, 
achieved more than ordinarj' success, and is now 
numbered among the prosperous farmers of town- 
ship 48, range 6, where he tills two hundred and 
twenty acres of well improved land. 

Born in Washington County, Md., February 11, 
1837, our subject is the son of James and Mary Jane 
(Achelburger) Davis, also natives of Maryland, 
the former of whom died there at the age of forty- 
eight. In the family there were eight children, of 
whom two sons and four daughters still survive, 
namely: William, David M.. Susan, Elizabeth, Mary 
Jane and Anna. David M. was reared on the home 
farm until about ten years of age, when he was 
orphaned by his father's death. Shortly afterward 
he went to live with an uncle, in whose home he 
remained until he was twenty-one years of age. 
His educational advantages were limited. In those 
days the only schools of which Maryland could 
boast were conducted upon the subscription plan, 
and were held but three months of each year. 
These he attended when opportunity afforded, but 

the knowledge he now possesses has been acquired 
mainly through self-culture. 

As above stated, Mr. Davis arrived in St. Charles 
County April 8, 1859. Here he was employed as 
a farm hand until 1866, when he rented a tract of 
land and began farm work ou his own account. 
About the same time, December 19, 1866, he was 
united in marriage with Amanda F. Best, who 
is the daughter of Stephen Best by his second wife, 
he having been four times married. Three sons 
and five daughters were born to the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Davis, of whom six are now living, as 
follows: Laura E., who is married and has a son, 
Harry; Tola, who is married and has a child named 
Waller; Blanche, Elsie Elouete, David Montgom- 
ery and Samuel Best. 

Asa member of the Democratic party, Mr. Davis 
is activel}^ interested in everything pertaining to 
public affairs, and is well posted on current local 
and general issues. The family holds membership 
in the Methodist Church South, in which they are 
active workers. Socially he is a member of the 
Knights of Honor and the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, Until recently he was identified with 
the Order of Chosen Friends, but has now with- 
drawn from that organization. He has led a use- 
ful life, and as the result of his untiring labors he 
is now vvell-to-do. His land is under a high state 
of cultivation, and is improved with good build- 
ings and all the accessories and conveniences of 
a model farm. 

HERMAN DENNINGMAN, who is a well- 
to-do and influential farmer of township 
47, range 4, St. Charles County, was born 
in this township August 21, 1851. His maternal 
grandparents, Mr. and Mrs. (Borman) Bornman, 
were among the first settlers of this county, where 
their last years were spent. 

The parents of our subject, who were Herman 
and Margaret (Bornman) Denuingmau, were both 
natives of Hanover, Germany. The father was 
born May 18, 1819, and while he continued to 



dwell in the Old Country was very poor, working 
as a laborer. He was thrifty and industrious, how- 
ever, managing to save a large share of his earn- 
ings, with which, about 1820, he came to the United 
States. As his wife's parents had previously come 
to this county he concluded to also locate here. lie 
bought one hundred and twenty-four acres of land 
near where his son Herman now resides, and set 
to work with energy and determination to im- 
prove this farm, which he cleared by himself. He 
built a house and barn from logs and placed a 
large share of his farm under cultivation. His 
death occurred .June 8, 18'.) 1, hut his wife is still 
living, and is novv residing witli her daugliter Liz- 
zie in St. Charles. 

In his parents' family, numbering eight ciiildren, 
Herman Denningnian is tlie second in order of 
birth. .lohn D., his elder brother, was born .Janu- 
ary 12, 1850, and lives on the old homestead in 
this townsliip. Minnie, the next younger, was 
born December :'», 1852. and died .January 22. 1877. 
Annie is the wife of Henr.y Peppercorn, a farmer 
of tliis county. Mary Ijecanie the wife of iSIichael 
Yeager, who cultivates the old homestead. .Julia 
married Herman Dierker, now of St. Charles, and 
died at the age of twenty-two years. Lizzie mar- 
ried William Browzer and makes her home in St. 
Charles. August married Caroline Dierkei-, and is 
engaged in farming near Hoscliertown, this county. 

The bo3i]Ood and youth of Herman Denning- 
man were passed quietly on his father's farm. 
.June 8, 1878, he married Miss Annie Saiidford, 
who was born August 12, 1854. Her parents, 
Diedrich anil Mai'3' Sandford, natives of Germany, 
now live on a farm near that operated by our sub- 
ject. After his marriage the latter, who is one of the 
administrators of the estate, rented eighty acres of 
land from his father's heirs. During the p:\st few 
years he has cleared nearly all of the land, built a 
substantial house, and has made other valuable 

To Mr. and Mrs. Herman Denningman have 
been born seven children, all of whom are living 
at home, and the elder ones are being educated in 
the district schools. Theodore was born April 18, 
1877; Mary, October 21, 1878; Louisa, August 15, 
1880; Henry, November 2, 1887; .John, April 2. 

1889; Edwin, February 8, 1891; and Ella, Novem- 
ber 26, 1893. The parents are both valued mem- 
bers of the German Lutlieran Church of St. 
Charles, and have many warm friends among their 
neighbors and numerous acquaintances. In iiis 
political faith our subject is a Republican, and 
never fails to acquit himself of the duties devolv- 
ing upon him as a citizen. 




Warren County, was elected to serve as 
Judge in the southern distiiet of this coun- 
t}- in 1890, and acceptably occupied that re- 
sponsible position for four years. His official rec- 
ord during that period was entirely creditable to 
him and his constituents. For several years he 
was engaged in the milling business, but disposed 
of his interests in the concern in the fall of 1894. 
The Judge is the third child of William and 
Christina (Steineker) Huenefeld, and born 
near this village in 1847. The parents were both 
natives of (iermanj', where they grew to adult 
years and were married. About 1843 they crossed 
the Atlantic, and for a year after reaching the 
United States resided in Cincinnati, Ohio. After- 
wards they became residents of this county, settling 
on a farm near Ilolstein. Tlie father spent the re- 
mainder of his life on the old homestead, where 
his death occurred when his son Frank was only 
five years of age. The wife and mother is still 
living, and though she is now in her seventy-sixlh 
year, is still hale and hearty and enjoys life. 

Judge Huenefeld received his education in the 
common schools of Warren County, and from his 
early childhood was trained to farm work. At the 
age of twenty-three years he began life's struggles 
for himself, and at that time, in 1870, engaged in 
a mercantile business in New Boston, Mo. After 
meeting with fair success for five years he dis- 
posed of his business and turned his attention to 
milling. He removed to Ilolstein, wliere he has 
ever since made his home. He is known far and 



wide for his benevolence of heart and hisuniform- 
l.y coiirleous treatment of everyone. 

June 10. 1870, the Judge married Miss Annie, 
daughter of Ernst and Christina Knapheide, who 
were early settlers of Wairen Cuuntj-, but were na- 
tives of the Fatlierland. Mrs. Iluenefeld was born 
in Warren County, and was educated and grew 
to womanhood within its limits. Ten children 
came to bless tlie union of the Judge and bis 
worthy lady. Two of the family circle have been 
called to the better land. Those who remain to 
clieer the home are Daniel, George, Julius, Pauline, 
Franklin, Theodore, William and Ella. They have 
been given good educations, are intelligent and 
enterprising young people, and up to the present 
time are all unmarried and living at home. The 
Judge and his family are membei'S of the Evangel- 
ical Church and active workers in their denomina- 

JOHN ARRAS, a native of the Buckeye State, 
is one of the substantial farmers of township 
46, range 3, St. Charles County. For about 
thirty years he has resided on his present 
farm, which lie owns and operates. In addition 
to his regular agricultural duties, he owns a large 
sugar-cane press, which he runs during the summer 
season, making sorghum molasses for all the 
farmers in this township, and from this enterprise 
he derives a good income. 

John Arras, Sr., the father of our subject, was 
born in Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, where he mar- 
ried Miss Elizabeth Waber, a native of the same 
province. They continued to reside in the Father- 
land until 1831, when they started for America, 
ttie land of promise, with their one child, a baby. 
In crossing the Atlantic they were shipwrecked, 
hut another vessel came to their rescue. Neverthe- 
less they came near losing their lives, as the water 
was four feet deep in the ship when they were 
taken out, and Mrs. Arras tied her baby in a shawl 
around her neck to save her from drowning. In 
spite of ditlicullies, however, they landed safely in 

New York City. From the metropolis they started 
westward, and on arriving in Hancock County, 
Ohio, they bought a farm and for the next four 
years resided thereon. In 1835 they came to St. 
Charles County and bought the tract of land now 
occupied by our subject and his brother, and on 
this place they continued to reside the remainder 
of their lives. The father, who had been a soldier 
in the German army, died of cholera in 1851; his 
wife preceded him to the better land about six 
years before. Five children were born to them, 
three of whom still survive. Margaret, who was 
born in Germany, died in this county at the age 
of thirty years; John is the next in order of 
birth; Adam, born February 12, 1840, married 
Elizabeth A. Hoffman, and resides on a portion of 
the old homestead; Peter died at the age of eight- 
een years; and Lizzie became the wife of Reinhard 
Kunderer, who is engaged in running a hotel in 
St. Peter's. 

The subject of this article was born May 25, 
1833, in Hancock County, Ohio. As he was the 
eldest son, he was early his father's right hand and 
reliance in the work of the farm, and on that ac- 
count his educational advantages were limited, for 
he was needed at home. Until he was twenty-seven 
years of age he lived under the parental roof, but 
then started out for himself, and for three years 
hired out to farmers in different parts of this 

October 22, 1863, occurred the marriage of John 
Anas and Miss Elizabeth Mej-ers, who was born in 
this count}' in 1845. Her parents, John and Eliz- 
abeth (Rhodes) Meyers, were natives of Germany, 
but passed their declining years in this county. 
After his marriage our subject bought the farm 
which he still owns and on which he makes his 
home. This place contains sixty acres, which had 
few improvements at the time he purchased it. 
With energy and perseverance Mr. Arras set to 
work to build a substantial house, and in the 
mean time he and his wife lived on the farm of 
A. Hoffman. In the fall of 1864 their home 
was completed, and to it they removed their house- 
hold effects. 

A family numbering seven children has been 
born to John Arras and his estimable wife. The 



eldest, Charles, born February 11, 1866, is em- 
ployed in tlie Pullman shops at St. Louis; Mar\' 
Elizabeth, born October 16, 1868, a young lady of 
good education and acconiplishments, lives at home 
with her [larents, as do also the younger children: 
Adam, born November 8, 1870; John, November 
7, 1872; William, June 28, 1875; Adeline, Feb- 
ruary 23, 1880; and Catherine, April 19, 1886. 

Our subject and wife are valued members and 
active workers in the Lutheran Evangelical Church 
of Cottleville. Tliey stand high in the confidence 
and good-will of their neighbors and acquaint- 
ances, who esteem them for their sterling worth 
and uprightness of life. Politically Mr. Arras is 
identified with the Democratic party, and never 
fails to cast his ballot at elections. 

1(9). M^^h.... -(g^J 



eAPT. JAMES S. HILL, of St. Charles, was 
for many years a pilot on the Missouri 
River, and held a license to act a? such 
from St. Louis to Ft. Benton, Mont., a distance of 
thirty-one hundred miles. For the past fourteen 
years he has made his home in this city, and 
August 15, 1884, when the bridge was completed, 
took charge of the same for the railroad company 
and has been so employed ever since. 

The Captain is a son of Capt. William H. Hill, 
who was born near the Alleghany River, in Penn- 
sylvania, February 14, 1812. When quite young 
he removed with his father's family to Ohio, and 
there married Miss Sarah B. Watson. Later they 
removed to Missouri, settling in Carrroll County, 
when Captain Hill opened a commission house at 
a place called Hill's Landing. In time be became 
an extensive land-owner and stock-buyer. At the 
beginning of the war he was assessed at 1230,000, 
and, outside of St. Louis, was one of the wealthiest 
men in the state. In the early '50s he was chosen 
to represent his county in the Legislature, and in 
every way he was a man of public spirit. He as- 

sisted every new-comer in gaining and improving 
his place, and after his death it was found that 
some men had used his money for forty 3-ears 
without interest. His judgment was sought by all 
his neighbors on a wide variety of subjects, and 
so influential was he that he was locally known as 
the "king of Carroll Count}'." He owned a one- 
fourtli interest in the steamer "Minnehaha," and 
in the spring of 1850 fitted out a train of six 
wagons and twenty-four mules with a full mining 
equipment, intending to go to California. His 
wife objecting, however, unless he would take his 
famil}', a thing not advisable in those days, as the 
Indians were very hostile, he turned the expedi- 
tion over to his half-brother. The latter sold the 
outfit and made considerable money, but was ship- 
wrecked on the way home and lost it all. 

Capt. William Hill gained his first title as such 
during the Mormon War, when the Jlorraons were 
driven from DeWitt to Nauvoo. He was Captain 
of a militia compan}% and served until the Mor- 
mon disturbances had ceased. When Governor 
Jackson called all able-bodied men to arms, the 
Captain and his son, our subject, enlisted as pri- 
vate soldiers in Company C, Fourth Missouri Cav- 
alry, C. S. A. After the battle of Wilson Creek, 
August 10, 1861, William Hill was promoted from 
a captaincy to be Colonel of his regiment. Prior 
to this he had been engaged in the battle of Car- 
thage, and September 21 took part in that of Lex- 
ington, under Price. Returning home, he then re- 
cruited new troops to the number of twent3'-five 
hundred, and was on his way to join Price near 
Pineville, Ark., when he was captured at Black- 
water, Mo., and sent to Gratiot Piison in St. Louis. 
He had always led an active outdoor life, and the 
close confinement to whicli he was subjected was 
the cause of his death, whit-h occurred .lanuary 4, 

To William and Saiah Hill were born tliirteen 
children, namely: Mary J., Amanda F., Benjamin 
Franklin, John W., James S., Joseph W., Louis B., 
Samuel H., Charles S., Sarah E., Fannie F., and 
Tina and Minnie, who died in childhood. 

Capt. James S. Hill was born near Carrollton, 
Carroll County, November 21, 1841, and began 
his business career as third clerk on the steamer 



"Minnehaha, " in which his father was interested. 
He rose rapidly, filling various positions, and con- 
tinued to run un the river until the war, when, as 
before stated, he enlisted in the Confederate serv- 
ice. He took part in the battle of Lexington, in 
the battle near Ft. Scott, and in the engagement 
known as tliat of Elk Horn Tavern, but better 
known .as the battle of Pea Ridge. After this he 
returned home on a furlough and was captured, 
but the next day was paroled. A few months 
later he began piloting, and continued in this oc- 
cupation until 1883. For three years subsequei!tly 
he attended to the building of the St. Charles 
railroad bridge. For a period of seven years he 
was interested in trading between DeWitt and 
AVaverly, in connection with the Wabash Railroad. 
During the great river fire in St. Louis in 1867 he 
was second mate on the steamer "Cherokee," which 
was destro3'ed, and he lost all his possessions ex- 
cept the clothes he wore. In 1877 he was unfort- 
unate in running the steamer "T. E. Hillman" 
upon a snag, but managed to save her cargo of 
grain and all the passengers, though the boat itself 

March 20, 1862, Capt. James Hill married Miss 
Lucretia Baker, who was born August 3, 1845, in 
Wheeling, W. Va. Her grandfather, Thomas Baker, 
modeled and built the first steamboat tliat ever 
plied the Missouri River. This was the "John 
Galong," and the "Nimrod" was builtshortlv after- 
ward. Mr. Baker was Captain, and his sons were 
pilots, mates, engineers or clerks on these steamers. 
Jlrs. Hill is the daughter of Capt. Barton Baker, 
an old river man, who ran on the Ohio, Missis- 
sippi and M'ssouri Rivers. 

To Captain and Mrs. Hill were born eight chil- 
dren: Lulu, deceased; Barton B., Louis E. and 
James W., who are all brakemen on the Wabash 
Railroad; Clarence, who is deceased; Winnie Davis, 
who is the next in order of birth; and Adeline T. 
and Mabel, both deceased. Barton B. married 
Miss Rebecca James, of St. Cliarles, and has three 
children. Louis E. married Miss Mary Goff, also 
of St. Charles, and has one son; while James W., 
who married Miss Viola Davis, also has one son. 

Fraternally Capt. J. S. Hill is a member of the 
Order of Chosen Friends, belonging to Sylvan 

Council No. 29, of St. Charles. In politics he has 
been a life-long Democrat. In company with his 
estimable wife beholds membership with the Meth- 
odist Episcojjal Church" South. 

J A A 4» •?• ^5®) mW •$• A •*♦ A^— ^ 



REV. JOHN BERTENS. This well known 
and public-spirited citizen of Warren 
County IS the worthy priest of St. Vin- 
cent's Catholic Church atDutzow. He is a man of 
education and refinement, highlj' respected and 
esteemed, not only by his own congregation, but 
by all who know him. He has ever manifested 
deep interest in the noble work in which he is en- 
gaged, and is in every way worthy of the high 
and sacred office which he has been called upon to 

Father Bertens was born in Holland, in North 
Brabant, April 14, 1835. His parents were John 
and Ann Mary (Van Riel) Bertens, also natives of 
that countrj-, where they were industrious tillers 
of the soil. Our subject spent his early life on the 
farm, during which time he attended the local par- 
ish schools. Later he entered St. Michael Gestel Sem- 
inary, where he took a thorough course, and while 
there decided to devote himself to the service of 
the church. AVith that object in view he entered 
upon a more extended course of stud}', and was 
ordained to the priesthood in 1861. 

In November, 1866, Father Bertens emigrated 
to America, first residing in Vine Mount, now 
called Leopold, Bollinger Count}-, Mo. After 
eleven years spent in that place, lie came to Dut- 
zow, arriving here March 9, 1878. His duties 
wei-e as the assistant of Rev. Father Heckmann, 
who was sick at the time and not able to attend to 
the spiritual needs of his parishioners. On the 1st 
of October of the same year Rev. Mr. Heckmann 
was removed to St. Barnard's Church, at Rock 
Springs, St. Louis. There he died on the 11th of 
December, 1878, and on the 1st of October Father 
Bertens was appointed his successor, by the Most 
Rev. Archbishop Kenrick, of St. Louis. 

The congregation of St. Vincent numbers fifty 





families, and is in a most flourishing condition. 
Our subject has been a faithful laborer in tiie vine- 
yard of liis Master since locating liere, and has re- 
ceived a portion of his reward in this world, for 
he commands the respect and affection of all. lie 
is tlie head of several important societies connected 
witli his church, and is a stanch supporter of tem- 
perance, advocating it upon all occasions. He is 
of a benevolent, generous and kindlj' disposition, 
and those who seek his aid or counsel are given 
sound advice and substantial assistance. 

HENRY D. MEYER is one of the worthy 
citizens of St. Charles, and lias taken a 
leading part in many of the important 
industries and enterprises of the place. Among 
other undertiikings in which lie has been concerned 
are the old tobacco works, the Masonic Ilall, the 
gas plant and the car works, and he has been a 
bank-stockholder. He is one of the old settlers of 
this eit^', where he arrived in October, 1856, and 
since 1845 he has been engaged in the retail drug 
business, in wiiich tiade he has been very successful. 
The father of our subject, Carl Gotlieb Meyer, 
was born in lloya, kingdom of Hanover, Germany, 
and died in the city of his birth at the age of 
eighty-four years. Me learned the trade of dyeing, 
which occupation he followed throughout his life. 
His fatiier lived to an extreme old age, dying when 
about ninety-live or ninety-six years old. He was 
a native of Alsace, from which place he removed 
to Germany. Carl G. Meyer married Christiana 
Wartling, who was born in Lippe-Detmold, Ger- 
many. One of her brothers was quite a scliolar, 
and was particularly interested in astronomy. His 
death occurred in Holslein in the '50s. One of her 
sisters became tlie wife of a Mr. Pape, of Lemgo, 
Lippe-Detmold. Eight children were born to Carl 
and Christiana Meyer, namely: Henrietta, horn 
December 17, 1815; Fredericka, March 29, 1818; 
Carolina, December 12, 1820; Christiana, October 
24, 1821; Carl, July 20, 1823; Louisa, .lune 21, 

1825; Christian, January 10, 1827; and Henry D., 
December 29, 1820. 

In his early years Mr. Meyer received a good 
educati(jn in his native land, and was conlirmed 
in the Lutheran Church in 1845. Soon after he 
left home to enter as an a[)pentice the drug store 
of F. Deitericli, of Gievisniuhlen, Meeklenburg- 
Schwerin. After serving for four years in the 
same place, he passed an examination, and contin- 
ued as his employer's assistant for some time. 
Jjater he obtained a position in Hanover, from 
which city he proceeded to lircmen, where he was 
engaged by Gus A. Butze. In October, 1852, the 
young man sailed for the United States, and after 
a voyage of fort3'-uine days landed in New York, 
December 9. As he found no position in the great 
metropolis he went to Philadelphia, and January 
1 started in to work for L. Brandes at a salary 
of $4 and board per month. Next going to St. 
Lc)uis, Mr. Mej-er continued to reside in that city 
until October, 1856, when he came to St. Charles 
and set up in business for himself. 

June 29, 1858, our subject was united in mar- 
riage with Carolina Gut. Her father, Edward F. 
Gut, came to America about 18.31, from Bamberg, 
Germany, and the same year became an inhabitant 
of this city. He opened a harness and saddlery 
business, which he carried on until the early '70s. 
In the year 1839 he was married to ftHss Christiana 
Grubel, of Coburg, Germany, wlio came to the 
United States a ^-ear previous to her marriage. Mr. 
Gut enlisted iu 1861 in the Lnioii army, and was 
made t^uartermaster. His death occurred in 1885, 
at the age of eighty-one years, while his wife, who 
died in 1894, was then in lior eightieth year. Of 
the SIX children born to jAIr. and Mrs. Meyer, all 
but one are still living, and are named as follows: 
Emma, Charles E., Henry D., Ida and Alma. Em- 
ma is the wife of C. J. Brenner, and lias three 
sons. Charles E. married Miss Fannie Salveter, 
and they have a little son and daughter. Henry 
D. chose for his wife and helpmate Miss Lulu Sal- 
veter, and the^' have one living child. Ida became 
the wife of T. C. Salveter, and has one child, a girl. 
Alma, the youngest of the family, is unmarried. 
Charles E. pursued his studies in Washington Uni- 
versity, St. Louis, after leaving the public schools. 



and Henry D. took a course of training in the St. 
Louis Commercial College. The daughters finished 
their educations in Lindenwood College and in 
Monticello Seminary in Illinois. 

In 1860 Mr. Meyer erected his present residence, 
which he has occupied ever since. He has con- 
stantlj' attended to his business affairs, with the 
sole exception of the time spent in making two 
trips to his old home in (Jerinany. The first three 
3''ears after his coming to this city he rented a store- 
room for his drug business, but has since owned the 
plant. He is a Republican, but has never aspired 
to hold public office, though he has been Treas- 
urer of Grants Wilson Club, and also of Lincoln 
Hamlin Club. In 1861 Mr. Meyer enlisted under 
Capt. Gus Hoven, and went to the front with 
Arnold Krekel as Colonel. On the 29th of No- 
vember, 1862, he was made Quartermaster of the 
Twenty-seventh Regiment of Missouri Infantry, 
and after serving for three years returned to his 
home and business. He is a good citizen, a true 
patriot, and devoted to the cause of education 
and everything which will advance the welfare of 
his adopted country. 

1^ "i"!* •!*•}• r; 

HON. LOUIS RINGE. The supervision and 
control of the municipal interests of St. 
Charles have for a number of years been 
vested in Mr. Ringe, and the fact that liis admin- 
istration has been satisfactory to the people is at- 
tested by his repeated re-election to the office ot 
Mayor. At his suggestion, and through his in- 
fluence, a number of improvements have been 
made, and the progress of the city greatly pro- 
moted. It is largely due to his influence that this 
citj' is one of the foremost in this section, both in 
commerce and finance. 

The Ringe family originated in Germany, where 
the ancestors of our subject resided as far back as 
the record extends. His father, Frederick, was 
born in Hanover, on the 22d of April, 1816, and 
throughout his entire life followed the trade of a 

gunsmith. He came to America when advanced in 
years, and died in St. Charles at tlie age of seventy. 
His wife, whose maiden name was Elisa Yacke, was 
born in Hildesheim, Germany, and by her marriage 
became the mother of thirteen children, all of 
whom died in infanc3' except Louis. 

In Alfeld, Germanj^, the subject of this sketch 
was born on the 23d of March, 1846, and there he 
obtained the rudiments of his education. He was 
a mere child when the family' emigrated to the New 
World, and the associations of his life have there- 
fore been mainly with St. Charles. After twelve 
years of age he ceased his studies and began to 
earn his own living. He learned the trade of a 
gunsmith, in which he soon became an expert, and 
at which he was engaged for many years. 

When a lad of sixteen j'ears Mr. Ringe entered 
the service of his adopted country, going out to 
the front, August 18, 1861, under Coi. A. Krekel 
as commanding officer. He participated in a num- 
ber of skirmishes, and in October, 1864, took part 
in the battle of Pilot Knob, Mo. After four j'ears 
spent in the active service, he returned to St. 
Charles, and resumed work at his trade. In June, 
1865, he went West to Kansas, and for one year 
was engaged in business at Leavenworth. On his 
return to St. Charles he opened a gun store, in Au- 
gust, 1866, in which business he continued success- 
fully engaged until March 6, 1894. He then sold 
out and opened a hardware store, taking into part- 
nership his son, under the firm name of Louis Ringe 
& Son. As a business man he is conservative yet 
energetic, cautious 3'et shrewd, and has met with a 
well deserved prosperity in his undertakings. 

In St. Charles, Mo., March 11, 1869, Mr. Ringe 
and Miss Margaret Weil were united in marriage. 
They are the parents of seven children, named re- 
spectively: Louis J., George B., Edward A., Albert 
R., Emma G., Adalia P. and Catherine A. They 
have received good educational advantages in the 
schools of St. Charles, and under the careful train- 
ing of their parents are being fitted for positions 
of usefulness and honor in the business and social 
world. All are at home with the exception of the 
eldest son, who married Venie Halleman, and re- 
sides in St. Charles. 

Though never a partisan in his vievvs, Mr, Ringe 



is nevertheless a stanch supporter of Republican 
principles, and may always be relied upon to advo- 
cate them with his voice and vote. He has been 
chosen to occupy a number of honorable and re- 
sponsible local offices, including that of member of 
the City Council, in which capacity he served for 
nine successive years. In 1889 he was elected 
Mayor of the city, and continued to serve in that 
position. In public affairs, as in his private busi- 
ness matters, he has ever been cliaracterized by 
sound judgment, tact, energy and fidelity, and 
these qualities have secured for him the respect of 
his fellow-citizens. 




(Tpr DOLPH F. KRIEGERMEIER, the popular 
/ — \ hotel-keeper of Martliasville, is one of the 
prominent citizens of this place. He is a 
native of Germany, and was born on the 24lh of 
January, 1842. His early years were passed in at- 
tendance upon the district schools, where he ac- 
quired a good education in his mother tongue. 
On completing his studies at the age of fourteen 
years, he went to Holland, and there engaged in 
the manufacture of brick for a |»eriod of eleven 
years, after which he decided to come to the 
United States, where he believed he could better 
his circumstances; and he has never regretted his 
decision in that respect. 

Our subject is the eldest son of Henry and Char- 
lotte (Klassing) Kriegermeier, who were born and 
reared in Germany, and spent their entire lives in 
their native country'. Their family comprised sev- 
en children, three sons and four daughters. The 
father de|)arted this life in 1851. while his wife 
was called to the silent land in 1847. 

In 1867 Adolph P., of this sketch, became a resi- 
dent of Missouri, making his first settlement upon 
a farm near New Haven, where he was successfully 
engaged in agricultural pursuits for the next four 
years. When that time had elapsed he removed 
to Marthasville and for six years was employed in 
the manufacture of brick. Subsequently he worked 

on masonry, plastering and general contracting, 
which he followed with success for many years. 
He also conducted a boarding-house in this city 
for about a decade, and after the completion 
of the Missouri, Kansas <fe Texas Railroad took 
charge of the Central Hotel, a new and commo- 
dious house for the convenience of the traveling 
public. The genial proprietor is proving himself 
to be just the man for this position, and is running 
his hotel to the full satisfaction of his numerous 
patrons. lie is very progressive in his ideas, and 
is a believer in "the greatest good for the greatest 
number," as opposed to selfish and private modes 
of living. 

March 17, 1867, Mr. Kriegermeier married Au- 
gusta, daughter of William and Johanna Pahmeier, 
all natives of Germany. The marriage ceremony of 
our subject and his wife took place in their native 
village in Germany some ten days prior to their de- 
parture for America. Eight children came to bless 
their union: Henry, Augusta (who died in infancy). 
Gustav, Amanda, Emma, Hilda, Ida and Hugo. 
With the exception of the little daughter who has 
been called from the family circle by death, the 
children are all living at home with their parents, 
and have enjoyed the advantages of a good pub- 
lic-school education. 

In politics our subject is a Ue|niblican and a 
thorough believer in the superiority of the princi- 
ples advocated by his party. Religiously both he 
and his wife and their eldtst children are members 
of the Evangelical Church. 


many line farms that attract the stranger's 
eye in this part of Warren County, the 
one belonging to the subject of our sketch deserves 
special mention. The owner of this valuable piece 
of ground is a Canadian by birth and of Scotch ex- 
traction. The father of this gentleman, Peter Gar- 
dyne, was born in Dunnet, Scotland, and was 
quite young when taken by his parents to Canada. 
He was a tanner and currier by trade, following 



that business in the Dominion many years prior 
to coming to tlie States. Ou coming liitliei- he 
made his liome first in Illinois, and later in Michi- 
gan. Some time thereafter he followed his trade 
in Chicago, and in March, 1852, came with his 
family to Missouri, locating upon the farm which 
our subject now owns. This he cultivated in con- 
nection with ills other business until his decease, 
June 25, 1878, at the age of sixty-four years. 

Mrs. Gardyne, the mother of our subject, was of 
English extraction, and was born in the state of 
Vermont. She followed her husband to the better 
land in 1884, at that time being seventy-one years 
of age. The subject of this sketch, who was born 
in 1839, was the eldest but one in the parental 
family of nine children. He attended the very 
inferior schools taught in his neighborhood in Mis- 
souri in an early day, and the knowledge of which 
he is now the possessor has been gained almost eu- 
tirelv through his own efforts in later years. 

Nathaniel Gardyne has been actively engaged 
in farm work ever since a lad of fourteen years. 
At that age. his education being considered fin- 
ished, he was compelled to perform a man's part 
in farm duties. On attaining his majority he be- 
gan life on his own account by renting property. 
His thorough knowledge of agriculture aided him 
in tilling the land with profitable results, and to- 
day^ he is the proud possessor of three hundred 
and fifty broad acres, located on section 7, town- 
ship 45, range 1. This he devotes to raising the 
various cereals and a fine grade of cattle and 
horses. He possesses sound discretion, acute per- 
ception and good judgment, which qualities have 
been powerful agents in promoting his welfare. 

Nathaniel Gardyne was married, September 27, 
1863, to Miss Mary J., daughter of John and Arena 
(Bowan) Goff. The father was a native of Ken- 
tuck}', but came to this county in a very earl}- day, 
and therefore remembers but little of the Blue 
Grass State. Mrs. Goff was born in Warren Coun- 
ty, this state, which was also the birthplace of her 

To Mr. and Mrs. Gardyne there have come four 
children. Resilee is the wife of William 0. Bur- 
gess, a well-to-do farmer and stock-raiser of this 
county; John, Robert and Edgar are still at home 

with their parents. Mr. Gardyne at all times and 
under all circumstances is a decided Democrat, 
and takes a great interest in the success of his 
party. He is regarded as a representative farmer, 
who, by his good management, enterprise and per- 
severance, has overcome the obstacles in his path 
and has become wealthy. His success is well mer- 
ited, and his friends are among the best residents 
of the county. 

HERMANN POEPSEL. The subject of this 
sketch is an agriculturist of prominence, 
who, notwithstanding the reverses and 
discouragements which almost invariably attend 
the career of bread-winners throughout the world, 
has come boldly to the front, and with the push 
and energ3' characteristic of him has surmounted 
ail difficulties. He is at the present writing a pros- 
perous farmer and stock-raiser, and is held in the 
highest esteem by neighbors and friends in town- 
ship 44, range 1. His estate is pleasantly located 
on section 12, and is one of ihe best in Warren 

Our subject was the third child born to John 
and Bernadina (Voelkerding) Poepsel, both natives 
of Germany, but who came with their respective 
parents to America when quite young and located 
in St. Charles County, where our subject was born. 
The father is one of the leading farmers of this 
section, and is at present residing near Augusta 
with his worthy wife. They are both in the enjoy- 
ment of good health. 

Hermann Poepsel obtained his education in the 
parochial schools of his native count}', and was 
early trained to a full knowledge of farm work. 
He has spent his entire life in the country, and two 
years after attaining his majority liegan the strug- 
gles of life on his own account. He at once em- 
barked in farming,and after atwelvemonth moved 
upon the place which he is occupying at the pres- 
ent time. It embraces one hundred and forty- 
seven well tilled acres, on which are many valuable 



improvements in the way of neat and well arranged 
buildings, the best of machinery, etc. 

The lady to whom Mr. Poepscl was married June 
19, 1883, was Miss Francisco, daughter of Frank and 
Helena (Willenbrink) Finke, natives of Germany. 
The lady was born in St. Charles County, this 
state, and was given the advantages for obtaining 
a good education. Her union with our subject 
has resulted in the birth of seven children, bearing 
the respective names of .lohn. Mar}', Theresa, Hugo, 
Gu3', Leoand Leona. The two latter are twins. Our 
subject and his entire family arc devout members 
of the Catholic Cluircii, and in politics he is a Dem- 
ocrat. He is a resolute, wide-awake man, whose 
forcible character has placed him in the front ranks 
of the prosiierous and well-to-do citizens of the 

crp^ NTONY O. G. A. BENTINCK, a student 
/— \ of the St. Louis Medical College from 1889 
to liie spring of 1892, is located in Mar- 
thasville, and is recognized as a young man of 
superior attainments and one well calculated to add 
fresl) laurels to the profession to which he devotes 
his time and talent. 

A native of this state, our subject was born in 
St. Louis, September 9, 1870, and is the j-ounger 
of the two sons born to William G. F. and Au- 
gusta ((irabs) Bentinck, natives of Warren Coun- 
ty, this state. His grandfather, William F. Ben- 
tinck, was born in Varel, Germany, July 9, 1801, 
and bore the title and rank of Count. He died in 
St. Louis, Mo., in 1867, and was interred in Belle- 
fontaine Cemetery William Bentinck, the father, engaged during the earlier years of his life as a 
photographer in Louisville, Ky. He was married 
in 1867 to Miss Grabs, prior to which event, how- 
ever, he went to Germany and attended the uni- 
versity at Heidelberg. 

On his return home, the father of our subject 
engaged in the drug business at St. Louis, and for 
three years was the proprietor of a flourishing es- 
tablishment. His career was cut short by his death, 

April .5, 1871. His good wife survived him until 
October 27, 1892, when she, too, passed from earth. 

The subject of this sketch secured his primary 
education in the public scliools of Marthasville, 
and later, entering the Smith Academy at St. Louis, 
attended there three terms. On completing his 
literary education, he took a course in Bryant & 
Stratton's College in the Mound Cit^', after which 
he returned to Marthasville, and a year later be- 
gan reading medicine under the instruction of Dr. 
Levender. Just before completing his last term of 
lectures in the St. Louis Medical College he was 
called home by the death of his mother, and was 
further prevented from pursuing his studies b}' an 
attack of typhoid fever, which confined him to 
the house for many weeks. In the spring of 1895 
he anticipates fluishing his course and receiving 
his diploma. 

Dr. Bentinck was married in October, 1893, to 
Miss Laura, daughter of llenr}- and Catherine 
Wellenkamp, of Washington, this state. One son 
which blessed this union died in infancy. Mrs. Ben- 
tinck is a member of the Roman Catholic Church. 
In his political relations the Doctor is a Democrat 
at all times and under all circumstances. 

the influential citizens of Warren County, 
was elected to the responsible and honorable 
position of County Judge in 1872. While 
serving in that capacity' for a period covering six 
years, he gave full .satisfaction to his constituents 
and won commendation from all concerned. He 
has been an active supporter of the Republican 
partj' ever since its organization, and is one of the 
best representatives of the German-American ele- 
ment in this portion of the state. The Judge lives 
on a well improved estate situated on section 15, 
township 45, range 1. 

John Henrj- Bierbaum, the father of our subject, 
was born in Germany, and continued there to 
dwell until 1834, when, with his wife, Ann (whose 



maiden name was Hinneh), and their seven cliil- 
dren, he set forth to make a home in tlic United 
States. At first he settled at Femme Osage, St. 
Charles County, where ho followed the carpenter's 
trade, but subsequently also worked to some ex- 
tent at farming, in which occupation he reared his 
sous. He had left his native land owing to the 
limited chances there afforded to the poor, and the 
wisdom of his venture was shown very soon after 
he reached this state, for he at once began to make 
his way upward in the financial world. His death 
occurred in 1856, but his wife lived to attain the 
good old age of eighty-one j^ears. 

Judge Bierbaum was born in Germany in 1822, 
and until he was twelve 3'ears old was a student 
in the schools of the Fatherland. He then came 
to America, and as there were no schools here at 
that earl3' day, his later attainments have been en- 
tirel}' owing to his own private studj'. He re- 
mained with his parents until nearly thirty years 
of age, when he began farming for himself, and 
continued to follow that occupation until about 
eight years ago, when he retired from active cares, 
and handed the management of his farm over to 
his son-in-law. His farm comprises two hundred 
and ten acres of land, which is well improved. His 
competence and propert}' he acquired by his own 
industrious and energetic efforts, and his honesty 
and eapabilitv have won for him the esteem of all 
his friends and neighbors. 

In 1844 .Judge Bierbaum was married to Josie 
Jacob, who was born in Germany, but in her 
childhood came to Missouri with her parents. Ten 
children were born of this marriage, only four of 
the number still living. W. II. is a prominent 
farmer of this count}'; Minnie became the wife of 
II. II. Hinneh, a resident of this countj^; Rev. An- 
drew has charge of a congregation in Wisconsin; 
and Ann is the wife of Fritz Berliekamp, who re- 
sides on the Judge's homestead, and superintends 
the work of the place. The mother of this family 
died in 1861, and tlie following year our subject 
wedded Kate Jacob, a sister of his former wife. 
She has also been called to her final rest, her death 
having occurred in 1891. 

In religious belief .ludgc Bierbaum and his fam- 
ily have long been active and useful members of 

the Evangelical Church. Though now getting 
well along in years, the Judge is still in the en- 
io3'ment of good health, and manifests much of 
his old-time vigor and sprightliness. In man- 
ner he is cordial, genial and kind hearted, thus 
readily making friends. In conversation he is 
very interesting, and entertains his friends by 
stories of pioneer da^'S and experiences in this 


HENRY SCHRADER. Among the Ger- 
man-American citizens of Warren Coun- 
t}' who have been greatly interested and 
concerned in its development is the gentleman of 
whom we write. He is the proprietor of a most 
desirable piece of farm property, located on sec- 
tion 18, township 45, range 1, where he has had 
his residence for upwards of fort}' j'ears. He was 
born in Germany in 1818, and is the eldest child 
in his parents' family. 

Englebard Schrader, the father of our subject, 
was a native of the Fatherland, who came to seek 
his fortune in the United States about 1853. Ar- 
riving here, he worked at various occupations un- 
til he was called from his labors by death, during 
the '60s. His wife, whose maiden name was Eliza- 
beth Ashemann, likewise a native of Germany, 
died in that country, prior to Mr. Schrader's re- 
moval to America. 

Henry Schrader received a good education in his 
mother tongue, attending the German schools un- 
til he was fourteen years of age. He then served 
an apprenticeship to the shoemaker's trade, at 
which calling he worked for four 3'ears. When 
eighteen j'ears old he began to learn the stonema- 
son's trade, which he followed for some time. In 
1847 he took passage in a sailing-vessel bound for 
America, and on coming to Missouri first settled 
in Washington, where he worked at shoemaking 
for a period of Qve years. He then came to the 
farm upon which lie is still living, and engaged in 
its improvement. At the present time he owns 
two hundred acres of land, which would find a 



ready sale in the market at a high price. In atldi- 
tiou to carrying on liis farm work, our subject 
also worked at his trade to a certain extent for 
man}- years. 

In tlie year 1852 Henry Schrader was married 
to Annie Nisson, who was born in Germany. Our 
subject and his wife are members of tlie Catholic 
Church, and bear a liigh reputation in this locality 
for tlieir many worth}' qualities and kindness of 
heart. In his political faith Mr. Schrader is a true- 
blue Republican, and has strong faitli in the prin- 
ciples of Ins party. 

THOMAS W. KITE. Numerous instances 
might be cited in Warren County of men 
who, by dint of persevering application 
and energ}-, have risen from an humble position 
to one of usefulness and influence. They fur- 
nish proofs of cheerful, honest labor and a zeal- 
ous determination to make the most of every ad- 
vantage offered. Among this class of successful 
men mention belongs to the gentleman with whose 
name we introduce this sketch, and who is well 
known as a prominent farmer of his county. 

Our subject was born in Orange County, Va., 
March 29, 1849, and is the eldest living son of 
William H. and Rebecca (Ijlosser) Kite, also na- 
tives of the Old Dominion, where they passed 
their entire lives. The father was a prominent 
merchant and miller of Liberty Mills, and the con- 
fidence with which lie inspired those who met him 
proved him to be a citizen of whom it may be 
justly said that he was a credit to the community 
in which he lived. He died in August, 1894, at 
the age of seventy-three years. He was preceded 
to the better land by his wife, who departed this 
life in 1887. 

Thomas grew to mature years in the village of 
Liberty Mills, Orange County, Xa.., and acquired 
his education from private instructors. A few 
years after attaining his majority, he embarked in 
life on his own account, first engaging in milling. 

which trade he had learned in his father's mill. 
He continued in this industry until 1876, the year 
of his emigration to Missouri. He at once located 
upon a tract of land which is embraced in his 
present property. His possessions number two 
hundred and sixty acres, devoted to the raising 
of grain and stock. Me is a practical and progress- 
ive farmer, and his well tilled lields yield him a 
golden tribute in return for the care and labor he 
bestows upon them. He has many excellent im- 
provements upon his farm which indicate his 
thrift. He ever keeps abreast with the times, and 
is always willing to investigate any plan that will 
save labor and produce better crops. In politics 
Mr. Kite is a supporter of the Democracy on ques- 
tions of national importance, but at local elections 
votes for the man whom he considers best qualified 
to fill the oflice, regardless of party affiliations. 

Thomas W. Kite and Miss Emma Kite were 
united in marriage December 24, 1875. Their 
marriage took place in Washington, D. C, while 
she was on a visit to relatives in Virginia. She is 
the daughter of Martin and Margaret (Shealor) 
Kite, natives respectively of Virginia and Mar}'- 
land. They came to Missouri, however, in a very 
early day, and on the farm where she now lives 
Mrs. Kite was born. Our subject and his wife 
have had born to them six children, three of whom 
are now living, namely: Claude, Saddle and Wal- 
ter. Mr. Kite is a devoted member of the Chris- 
tian Church, while his wife worships with the 
Methodist Episcopal congregation near her home. 

,.{.4.4.4. ggl^gA4.5..^_ 

=14. 4. ^.^.i^ggJ^. 

GASPER NIEDER owns a well improved 
and highly cultivated farm on section 21, 
township 45, range 2, Warren County, 
which has been the home of himself and family 
for the past eight years. Few men in this county 
are better known or more highly respected than is 
our subject. He is a Democrat in politics, and 
though he has never had any desire to serve in 
public office, he was placed on his party's ticket for 



Judge .in the fall of 1894. and notwitbstandingthe 
fact that the Democrats were fully twelve hundred 
votes in the minority, Mr. Nieder ran much ahead 
of his ticket. He was one of the incorporators of 
the Hanneken Garden Plow Manufacturing Com- 
pany, of Peers, Mo., and is now Secretary of the 

The parents of our subject were Casper and Re- 
gina (Buenler) Nieder, who were born and passed 
their entire lives in Germany. In the same coun- 
try occurred the birth of Casper Nieder, Jr., March 
15, 1850, he being the youngest in a family of sis 
children. He attended the schools of the Father- 
land until fourteen years old, when he began learn- 
ing the blacksmith's trade, and served an appren- 
ticeship of three years. 

In 1867 young Nieder took passage on a sailing- 
vessel bound for the United States, and on reach- 
ing his destination continued his jouiney west- 
ward. For a short time he remained in Coving- 
ton, Ky., thence going to St. Louis, where he 
worked at his trade for more than a year. For 
the nest three years he was in partnership with his 
brother in a blacksmith and wagon shop in Frank- 
lin County, Mo. In 1872 he went to Concord 
Hill, where be worked successfully at his trade un- 
til 1888, when, owing to an accident, his right 
hand was crippled by a piece of hot steel, and 
blood poisoning set in as the effect of the wound. 
Thus rendered unable to follow his former voca- 
tion, he turned his attention to farming, also sell- 
ing agricultural implements for several years. 

Mr. Niedei' entered the emplo}' of an iron firm 
in St. Louis in 1889, and traveled on the road as 
their representative for tliree years, but during 
this time his headquartei'S were still on tlie farm, 
where his family remained. At last, owing to 111- 
healtii. lie was compelled to abandon traveling, 
and became interested in handling grain at Peers, 
a new and thriving station on the Missouri, Kan- 
sas & Tesas Railroad. With the help of his son, 
he is still managing his faim, which comprises one 
hundred and twenty acres of arable and well im- 
proved land. 

September 1, 1872, Mr. Nieder married Miss 
Fannie, daughter of Casper and Gertrude (Boenker) 
Sickmann, the latter of whom were natives of the 

Fatherland. To our subject and his faithful help- 
mate have been born four daughters and two sons, 
as follows: Henry, Christina, Regina, Joseph, Mary 
and Annie. The family are devout members of 
the Roman Catholic Church, and have hosts of 
warm friends in the township where their home 
has been for many years. 



was born inTecklenburg, Germany, November 
8, 1830, and emigrated to America in 1857. 
After an uneventful voj^age across the brinj^ 
deep he landed in New Orleans, and came up the 
Mississippi River to St. Louis, Mo., where he re- 
mained about a year and a-half, working in a 
brickyard. While there he married Miss Catherine 
Iborg, a native of the same locality as her hus- 
band. She was born March 10, 1836, and was a 
daughter of Rudolph and Mary (Kuehlenmeyer) 
Iborg. Her parents, who were Germans, lived and 
died in tlie Old Countiy. Their family consisted 
of four children: Mrs. Nieineyer, the wife of our 
subject; William, who still resides in Germany; 
Henry, a farmer living near Harvester, this coun- 
ty; and Mary, the wife of William Kothman, who 
lives in the citj' of St. Charles. 

Mrs. Niemeyer came to this countiy in company 
with a brother and sister, and for a time they 
made their home in St. Louis. They had only been 
there a short time, however, before she became the 
wife of our subject. After their marriage they 
came to St. Charles County, where be worked in a 
brickj'ard for two years. In 1861 they came to 
township 46, where he purchased eighty acres of 
land near the village of Harvester. He afterward 
sold this farm and bought forty-nine acres, which 
constitutes the present farm, which is one of the 
best in this section, all of it being under a high 
state of cultivation. 

Mr. and Mrs. Niemeyer became the parents of 
sis children, namely: John Frederick, a farmer in 
this township, who married Miss Sophia Lahker, of 



St. Charles; Lizzie, who married Hermann Lante- 
moier, a farmer of St. Charles County; Sophia, the 
wife of Louis Holtgraver, who lives on a farm in 
this townsiiip; Caroline, residinsf at home; Min- 
nie, the wife of Edward Ilemsath, another farmer 
of townsiiip 46, range 4; and (ieorge, who lives at 
home witii his mother and looks after the interests 
of the farm. The father of this family was called 
to the land beyond January 11, 1886. He was a 
kind husband, a loving father, and an honest, up- 
right citizen, and as such was mourned not alone 
by his farailj', but by a large circle of friends and 
acquaintances. Politically he wasastanch Repub- 
lican, and took a deep interest in the success of 
his party, although never aspiring to any public 

Mrs. Niemeyer and her pleasant family are all 
members of the Evangelical Church, which meets 
for worship near lier home. The family stands 
high in the social circles of the vicinity, and their 
home is one of hospitality, where their friends are 
always welcome. 





T7> VANS .TOHNSON, a venerable and hon- 
r^ C) ored pioneer, who p.isseil away Februarj' 
25, 1894, and whose home was in township 
48, range 7, was higlily respected and well known 
in St. Charles County. He had the distinction of 
being one of the oldest, if not the oldest, inhabi- 
tant of this portion of the state, and nearly his 
entire life was passed in this locality. He was 
born in 1804, and was brought to the Point when 
only a year old by his father, .John Johnson. The 
latter came from Tennessee, where he had made 
a reputation as a scout and Indian fighter. On 
one of his expeditions against the Iiulians, when 
only sixteen years of age, he killed a chief. It 
is autlientically related that "Old Hickory," who 
was afterward President Jackson, took his first 
lessons in warfare against the Indians under Mr. 
Johnson, who was a Lieutenant with Col. Jack 
Gordan in Tennessee. Our subject had the rifle 

which his father formerly carried, and which he 
himself afterward bore in the Black Hawk War, 
when he was under tiie command of Nathan, son 
of the famous Daniel Boone, spending one year 
during the campaign at Ft. (iibson, on the (irand 

When tiie senior Mr. .Inhnson came to St. Charles 
County, he entered six hundred acres of land, 
in what was then a dense wilderness, his nearest 
neighbor being two miles away. He died in 1844, 
aged seventy-four years. His wife, Elizabeth, by 
her marriage became the mother of three sons 
and three daughters. The only daughter living is 
eight3'-eight years old and a resident of California. 
The son, Evans, was given the homestead of fifty 
acres, which he added to by additional purchase 
until he possessed two iiuiulred and sixty-five 
acres. The home in which he ended iris days is 
composed partly of wood and partly of brick. The 
brick end of the house was built in 1812 by a Mr. 
Seely, who made and burned the brick on the prem- 
ises. Five pounds of nails were all that could be 
obtained in St. Louis, and they were shingle nails, 
the larger ones in the old house having been made 
by a blacksmith. 

During the boyhood of Evans Johnson the Sac 
and Fox Indians were very numerous in the state. 
Game was plentiful, and comprised deer, wolves, 
wild cats, foxes, raccoons, opossums and wild tur- 
keys. For the most part the ln<lians were peace- 
able, but occasionally committed deeds of violence. 
The grandparents of our subject's last wife were 
shot by Indians while in their own home, on the 
site now occupied by Morris Stonebrakcr. The 
Johnson famil}' were much frightened by the earth- 
quake of 1811. Dishes and other movable arti- 
cles fell from their places, and the house swayed 
and creaked in a threatening manner. 

The pioneers of seventy or eighty years ago suf- 
fered many privations heroically, but neverthless 
lived happy and useful lives. Wheat, corn, jiota- 
toes and other vegetables were raised, but luxuries, 
such as tea and coffee, were hardly ever seen. The 
forest furnished game, venison in particular being 
a regular article of diet, and the wild bees supplied 
the settlers with honey. In the Missouri and Mis- 
sissippi Rivers were plenty of fish to vary the line 



of food. Corn bread was a staud-b}', but it was 
made by some old colored auntie, who possessed 
the secret of its proper making. It was the aim of 
each farmer to produce suflScient wool for clothing, 
and every house iiad spinning-wheels and looms. 
Mr. Johnson had seen nine very high overflows of 
the river at this point. The worst of all was in 1844, 
when one end of his brick house was entirel}' de- 
stroyed, and the remainder very much damaged. 
By actual measurement this flood was four feet and 
seven inches higlier than the disastrous one of 

During the Civil War the Point was never vis- 
ited by either party, and the bushwhackers also 
gave it a wide berth. For many years Mr. John- 
son kept a wood3'ard on the Missouri, just in front 
of his house. One day a Federal transport stopped 
for wood, and one of the boat's officers, believing 
that he could easily fool the sturdy pioneer, con- 
descendingl}' informed him that he was General 
Grant. Mr. Johnson, who had alreadj' seen Gen- 
eral Grant in Alton, remarked drylj', "Yes, the 
woods are full of General Grants like you," and 
the joker was abashed. 

Evans Johnson was married four times. He 
wedded the lady wiio survives him September 16, 
1863. At that time she was the widow of James 
Turnbaugli, a prominent farmer of this county, to 
wliom she was married Januaiy 10, 1850. Mr. 
Turnbaugh died in 1862, at the early age of thir- 
ty-five 3'ears. To their union were born six chil- 
dren, four of whom still survive. They are as 
follows: John W., who is married and has one 
child; Maiy A., Mrs. Fred Valentine, the mother 
of five children; Amanda J., wife of James M. 
Dwiggins, bj' whom she has nine children; and 
George M., unmarried. Elizabeth T. became the 
wife of "W. W. Green, and bore him seven chil- 
dren. Her death occurred in 1884, and that of her 
next younger sister, Edna A., about 1892. The 
latter was the wife of Clemens Stahlschmidt, and 
they were the parents of seven children. 

The widow of our subject was born October 15, 
1832, in St. Charles County, near where the town 
of O'Fallon now stands. As her mother died 
wiien she was an infant, Mrs. Johnson was adopted 
and reared by an aunt in St. Charles. Three chil- 

dren came to bless the union of our subject and 
his wife, all sons. Evans E., the only one now liv- 
ing, was born September 29, 1867. After com- 
pleting his common-school education, he attended 
St. Charles College. He was married, April 21, 
1891, to Mary A., daughter of Frank and Theresa 
(Martineau) Bokel, who were of French descent, 
and old and respected citizens of St. Charles. To 
the young couple has been born a bright little son, 
who is the pride of the home. Young Evans, a 
practical farmer, has charge of the old homestead, 
which now comprises two hundred and sixty-five 
acres, the river having washed away about ten 
acres of the original farm. The hospitable home of 
the Johnson family has always been open to friends 
and strangers alike, and, especially in former years, 
was a veritable free-entertainment hotel. In poli- 
tics Mr. Johnson was a Democrat, and voted faith- 
fully for his party. In later years his interest in 
politics grew greater, and he exhibited more en- 
thusiasm in voting for Cleveland than when he 
cast his Presidential ballot for General Jackson in 

■ ^# P ' . 

T7> RNST SCHLOMANN, whose place of resi- 
I Cy dence is located on section 2, township 45, 
range 2, comes of tlie sturdy German stock 
which has been largely instrumental in the upbuild- 
ing and development of Warren County. From his 
boyhood he was brought up to farm work, and 
has always followed agricultural pursuits, meeting 
with good success in his various undertakings. 
He is to-day one of the leading grain and stock 
raisers of the county, and his one hundred and 
twenty acres of finely cultivated land yield abun- 
dant harvests each year. 

The parents of our subject were Frederick and 
Hedwig (Wilkining) Schlomann. They were both 
born in Germany, and grew to manhood and 
womanhood in that country, where their marriage 
was celebrated. At an early day they came to 
America and soon made a permanent home in this 
county. For man}^ years, and until shortly before 



his death, which occurred in 1879, the father was 
actively engaged in operating his farm. His faitli- 
ful wife and helpmate was not long separated from 
him, but was called to the silent land a year after 
her husband's demise. 

Ernst Schlomann, the 3'oungest child of Fred- 
erick, was born in Holstein, this count}', in 1855. 
He received the benefits of a district-school edu- 
cation, and subsequentl.y was a student in Hope- 
well Acadcni}' for a time. He continued to give his 
services to his father until after reaching his major- 
ity, but embarked in life's battle for himself at the 
age of twenty-four ^-ears. He is well and favora- 
bly known for his industry and fair dealings witli 
tliose witli whom he has business. 

In 1879 our subject married Miss Louisa, daugh- 
ter of Frederick Kock, a native of Germany, but 
who came to Missouri with his family, settling in 
Holstein at an early day. Mrs. Schlomann is a 
native of Warren Count}', Mo., and by her mar- 
riage has become the mother of two daughters, 
Cornelia and Alma, who are still at home with 
their parents. The whole family are members of 
the Evangelical Church and active workers in and 
contributors to its various projects of usefulness. 

In politics our subject adheres to the principles 
of the Republican party. He has never been an 
office-seeker, nor has he ever been induced to serve 
in a public capacity, for he is a man of retiring 
disposition, devoted to his home and family. 

"Siie.- «*.*» -k^iiv- '^•f^ '■t'X^ '^•r^ Jf9k ^-S* '^y-^. iSy^. .'^i'^^^'fr^-^i*^ 

JOSEPH SCHROEDEK, whose home is in 
township 48, range 6, is one of the natives 
of the Fatherland to whom is owing much 
of the prosperity which has come to St. 
Charles Count}- within the last two decades. The 
homestead which he owns and cultivates has been 
earned by his own unassisted efforts, and the suc- 
cess which he has acquired is in itself a tribute to 
his ability. 

Mr. Schroeder was born in Prussia, Germany, in 
December, 1840. His parents, Benjamin and Duty 

(Schroeder) Schroeder, both passed their entire 
lives in Prussia, there dying at an advanced age. 
When in his nineteenth year, our subject crossed 
the Atlantic, and soon afterward arrived in .St. 
Charles, Mo. His first work was for a farmer, who 
gave him $8 per month, and for the next four 
years the young man continued in this line of 
employment, during this time saving *500 from 
his earnings. He then decided to embark in busi- 
ness for himself, and rented a farm of twenty acres, 
which he cultivated for a year. Afterward he 
leased the Stephen Best farm, a place of seventy- 
five acres, and gave his attention to tlie manage- 
ment of the same for eight years. When four 
years had elapsed, he rented an additional piece of 
ground, sixty acres of the Kempf farm. He next 
took a five-years lease on the property which he 
now owns, and continued to rent the farm for 
about seven years thereafter. Finding that his 
bank account then footed up -^2,500. he invested 
the amount in the farm in which he had for years 
been interested. The acreage of this homestead 
was then one hundred and thirty -eight and a-half, 
and to this he has since added ninety-three acres. 

In 1865 Mr. Schroeder married Anna Metz, by 
whom he had a son, Herman, who is now married 
and has one child. After four years of married 
life, Mrs. Anna Schroeder was called to her final 
rest. In 1870 our subject married Miss Mary, 
daughter of Henry Kumpman. She was one of 
four children, three sons and a daughter. The 
two sons, Anton Vj. and William, are now the only- 
survivors of the family, .as Mrs. Schroeder died 
December 25, 1886. By her marriage she became 
the mother of five children, all of whom are liv- 
ing. The eldest, Mary, is married and three 
children, and the others are named respectively 
William, Anna, Lizzie and Katie. 

When Mr. Schroeder landed in New Orleans, a 
stranger in a strange land, he had only $5 to his 
name, and, feeling it necessary to save that small 
sum, he worked his way from the Crescent City to 
St. Louis. His history from that time onward has 
been mentioned, and a perusal of it shows elearlj' 
what can be done by a young man who possesses 
undaunted pluck and energy. He is a Democrat 
in politics, and is a member of the Catholic Church. 



Though he had very limited educational advan- 
tages in his youth, he made the best of every op- 
portunity, and by observation and practical ex- 
perience in the world has become well informed 
on general questions. 


<rrv UGUST G. RITER. As a worthy repre- 
/— \ sentative of the intelligence, the integrity 
and the moralworth of the people of AVar- 
ren County, tlie subject of this sketch occupies no 
ordinary position. He is widely and favorably 
known in this his native county, and the fact tiiat 
he is well spoken of by high and low, rich and 
poor is sufficient indication of his character. By 
a course of industry, prudence and good manage- 
ment he has become well-to-do financially, and his 
fine estate of three hundred acres, located on sec- 
tion 11, township 45. range 2, indicates in a marked 
degree to what good purpose the owner has la- 

Our subject was born near Concord Hill, July 3, 
1858, and is the second in order of birth of the 
family of Jobst and Sophia Riter, both of whom 
were born in Germany. Jobst Riter was twice 
married, his first companion dying in the Father- 
land, leaving three children. After his marriage 
to our subject's mother, he decided to try his fort- 
une in America, and some time in the '40s came 
hither. They at once took up th^ir abode in this 
county, pursuing the occupation of farmers until 
their decease. The father died in 1864, and his 
good wife followed him to the better land five 
j-ears later. 

August Riter acquired his primary education in 
the schools near his home, and later entered the 
Central Wesleyan College at Warrenton, where he 
was a student for four years. On completing 
his education, he embarked in farming, but did 
not follow this vocation very long, as he aban- 
doned it to engage in teaching, holding a position 
in the home neighborhood for six years. At the 
expiration of that time he returned to farm life, 

and in the conduct of his afi'airs has been very 
successful, owning at the present time one of the 
most flnel3' improved estates in the county. He 
is very progressive, and takes great pride in see- 
ing his farm worked profitablJ^ 

Miss Louisa Mary Hasengager became the wife 
of our subject September 14, 1882. She was the 
daughter of Christian and Charlotte (Guebbel) 
Hasengager, both natives of Germany. Mrs. Riter 
was born in this county, August 18, 1864, upon the 
farm on which she is now living. By her marriage 
with our subject there have been born four chil- 
dren: Hubert, Ella, Arthur and Dennis. Our sub- 
ject and his good wife are members in excellent 
standing of the Evangelical Church. His political 
sympathies are with the Republican party, and he 
is a stanch adherent of the principles and theories 
of the leader he helps to elect. Although not an 
office-seeker, he is ready at all times to espouse 
an}' good movement set on foot for the benefit of 
his community. 

r C) December 19, 1866, upon his father'sfarm 
in township 47, range 4, St. Charles Coun- 
ty. He is a son of John Diedrich and Annie 
(Bekebrede) Hollrah, both of whom were natives 
of Germany. His father, who was born in Han- 
over, September 30, 1824, was a son of John Die- 
drich and Mary (Phelbush) Hollrah, and in his 
youth learned the trades of millwright and carpen- 
ter, at which he worked both in Hanover and in 

In compan}' with his father, John D. Hollrah left 
Germany for America in November, 1834. The}' 
made the journey late in the season, in order to 
avoid the yellow fever that prevailed in the South 
during the earlier part of the year. Landing in 
New Orleans in December, 1834, they proceeded 
thence up the Mississippi to St. Louis, and from 
there came to St. Charles County. Grandfather 
Hollrah purchased fifty-two acres in township 47, 
range 4, which was at that time covered by a heavy 



growth of timber. With the assistance of his son 
he cleared tlie phice anrl built a log house. In 
1857 he sold that property and purchased the farm 
of two hundred and fifty acres where our subject's 
father now lives. 

November 13, 1850, John D. HoUrah, .Jr., mar- 
ried Miss Annie Bekebrede, who was born in Han- 
over, May 13, 1834. In .June. 1846, he enlisted in 
the Mexican War, and participated in a few skir- 
misiies willi the Indians, serving until his dis- 
charge at Ft. Leavenworth, in November, 1848. 
He then returned to his home and has since given 
his attention to farm work. Of his nine children 
seven are living, viz.: .John Hermann Henry, Jolin 
Hermann, August, Frederick, Edward Hermann, 
George D. and Annie. Those deceased were Mary 
and John. 

The boyhood years of oursubject were unevent- 
fully p.assed upon his father's farm, where he re- 
mained until the age of twenty-four years. In 
October, 1889, he took a trip south to Waco. Tex., 
wiiere he spent two and one-half months. While 
there he ran an engine at a cotton-gin about two 
weeks. On his return home he stopped two weeks 
at Hot Springs, Ark., reaching St. Charles County 
February 1, 1890. On the 10th of April follow- 
ing he was united in marriage with Miss Elise 
Meers, who was born April 7, 1866, and is a daugh- 
ter of George and Christina W. (Ziimbelil) Meers, 
natives of Hanover, German^-. 

The father of iMrs. Hollrah, Jlr. Meers, is a resi- 
dent of township 46, range 3, in the northeastern 
portion of which he owns one hundred and twenty 
acres. He was a child of about three years when 
brought to America, and his childliood days were 
spent in St. Charles County and in St. Louis. 
After his marri.age he purchased one hundred and 
forty acres, of which he later sold twenty acres, but 
retains the remainder. He also owns seventy' acres 
near the Mississippi River in this county. By his 
union with Miss Zumbehl he had thirteen children, 
of whom Mrs. Hollrah is the second in order of 

After his marri.age, Mr. Hollrah bought the farm 
where he now lives and which consists of one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, one hundred acres being un- 
der good cultivation. Upon this place he has 

made manj' improvements, and has erected a good 
country residence, as well as suitable outbuildings. 
He and his wife are tiie parents of three children, 
namely: Martin .)., who was born December 23, 
1890; Olindc. November 1, 189-2; and Bertha, July 
15. 1894. 

In 1890 Mr. Ilolliali l)Ul•clla^c>d a threshing-ma- 
chine, which he has since operated in addition to 
his regular farm work. He is an energetic, effic- 
ient agricultui', wlui keeps iiis place under good 
cultivation and his buildings in good repair. 
Though still quite young in years, he has already 
achieved commendable success, and undoubtedly 
the future years will bring him still increasing hon- 
ors and wealtli. In politics he adheres to the pol- 
icy of the Republican party. He and his wife are 
members of the German Lutheran Church of St. 
Charles, and are a worthy couple, enjoying the es- 
teem of their acquaintances and the warm regard of 
their personal friends. 

(Tpr UGUST MUENCH is engaged in business 
r — \ at Holstein, Warren County, and is one 
of the leading citizens of this section. In 
the neighborhood where he has passed his entire 
life he is highly respected for his industrious, hab- 
its, his courteous treatment of his customers, and 
his sterling integrity. For about six years he has 
been located at his present stand, where he runs a 
saloon and hotel in connection with a livery and 
feed business. A stanch Kei)ublican, he adheies 
strictly to the teachings of his party, and has 
served his township as Constable for a number of 
3ears. The second child and eldest son of Hon. 
Adolphus Miiench, our subject was born August 
20, 1855, near Dutzow, this county. His father 
was a native of (lerinany, but came to the I'nited 
States in childhood, and grew to maturity in this 
county. He was, perhaps, the most conspicuous 
figure in this community during his lifetime, rep- 
resenting Warren County in the (ieneial .Assem- 
bly a number of times, and taking a prominent 
pari in tliat body. Many years ago he wrote a 



book on the "Soil and Resources of Warren Coun- 
ty," and the work resulted in untold benefit to this 
region, and influenced myriads of German families 
to settle in the count}-. Mr. Muench was also very 
successful as an agriculturist and owned a valuable 
farm. His wife, whose maiden name was Christina 
Schaaf. was also born in German}', and grew to 
womanhood in Warren County. Her parents were 
prominent people, and her father, who was a local 
leader up to the time of his death, built the first 
mill in this portion of the state. 

The primary education of our subject was ob- 
tained in the public schools of this county, after 
which he took a course in Central Wesleyan Col- 
lege of Warrenton. From boyhood he was inured 
to farm work, and on reaching his majority de- 
cided to make agriculture his life vocation. When 
tiiree years had elapsed he was married, and on his 
father's retirement from active life he rented the 
old homestead, which he conducted successfully 
until 1889. Since that j'ear, as we have previ- 
ously stated, he has been in business in Holslein. 

In April, 1879, August Muench was united in 
marriage with Augusta Frucli, who was born in 
this county. Her father, J. J. Fruch, is a native 
of Germany, but came to this section at an early 
day. To the union of our worth}' subject and his 
wife have been born five children, namely: Thekla, 
Herbert, Nora, Eli and Adolphus. The older chil- 
dren are attending the schools in the vicinity of 
their parents' home and are making good progress 
in tiieir studies. Mr. Muench and his family are 
members of the Evangelical Church, and enjoy the 
good-will and friendsiiip of all who know them. 

~ y-~^ --mi 

HENRY PEPERKOPvN. When the reliable, 
successful farmers of St. Charles County 
are being mentioned, the subject of this 
narrative is invariably remembered. He possesses 
all the sturdy qualities of his substantial German 
ancestors — tiiose qualities that are most needful in 
an agricultural community — and has discharged his 
duties both as u tiller of the soil and as a citizen 

of the county in such a manner as to win the 
friendship of the people. His farm of one hun- 
dred and fifty acres, though not one of the largest, 
is one of the best within, the limits of township 
47, range 6, and contains a full set of buildings 
adapted to farm work. 

A native of Germany, our subject was boru Oc- 
tober 30, 1852, being the son of John Henry and 
Mary (Tubbaseng) Peperkorn. He was one of 
seven children, three sons and four daughters, of 
whom six are now living, viz.: William, who is 
married and has one child; Henry, of this sketch; 
August, Anna, Mary and Lizzie. The father of 
this family, a native of West Prussia, Germany, 
was engaged in agricultural pursuits in his native 
land until his death, which occurred in 1871, at 
fifty-seven years of age. William Tubbaseng, the 
maternal grandfather of our subject, spent his en- 
tire life in Germany, where he died at the age of 

The boyhood years of our subject were passed 
uneventfully in the land of his birth, and he was 
the recipient of an excellent German education. 
He was a youth of nineteen years, when, in 1871, 
he crossed the Atlantic and established his home in 
the United States. Upon landing in this country 
he proceeded to Burlington, Iowa, where he spent 
one year and nine mouths. From that place he 
went south to New Orleans, where he remained 
five months. Again returning northward, he stop- 
ped in St. Charles, Mo., and after a residence of 
one year in that city he moved to the Merrycross. 
There he began the work of a farmer upon a tract 
of one hundred acres, which he rented. Such were 
his energy, industry and economy that he was en- 
abled to save some money each year of the six 
spent on that place, and the sum thus prudently 
saved was used in the purchase of his present farm 
of one hundred and fifty acres. 

The marriage of Mr. Peperkorn occurred in St. 
Charles County, October 26, 1882, his wife being 
Miss Anna Dennigmann. She was one of eight 
children, five daughters and three sons, comprising 
the family of Harmon and Maggie (Borgmann) 
Dennigmann. Two of the number are deceased, 
three sons and three daughters still surviving. In 
his political belief Mr. Peperkorn is an advocate of 



the principles of the Republican party, which he 
believes best adixpted to the needs of our country. 
With his wife he liolds membership in the German Churcii. He is respected by liis associ- 
ates and enjoys the regard of all with whom he is 
acquainted. Mr. and Mrs. Peperkorn are the par- 
ents of two cliildreu, Herman William and Ella 
Helena Maggie. 

JUSEIMI BARRINGHAUS, a prominent grain 
and stock farmer, whose home is on section 
21, township 4.5, range 2, is a native of St. 
Louis. Mo., having been born in that city 
March 4, 1861. His parents, Frank and Elizalieth 
(Schrieber) Barringhaus, were natives of Germany. 
The father emigrated to the United States in 1848, 
and his future wife came a few years later. They 
met and were married in St. Louis in 1860. The 
father was a brick-maker in the Old Country, and 
followed the same occupation in St. Louis while re- 
siding in that city. In the year 1861 he came to 
Warren County' and located on the farm our sub- 
ject now occupies. He also worked at brick-mak- 
ing for five years in connection with his farm 
duties after coming to this county. After a use- 
ful life of sixty-two years he was called to the 
land beyond, passingaway in 1886. His wife still 
survives, at the venerable age of sevent}' years, 
and makes her home with our subject. 

The subject of this sketch was reared to man's 
estate in Warren Count}', where he received a fair 
education in the public schools, and learned the 
practical lessons of life by hard work on the farm. 
At the age of twenty-three he rented the home- 
stead from his father, and started out in life for 
himself. Previous to this, however, he had worked 
out .as a farm laborer for two years. He has since 
lived on the old homestead, and has one hundred 
acres of finely improved land, the main crops be- 
ing corn an<l wheal, but he makes stock-raising a 
specialty. In this branch of industry he excels, 
being looked upon as one of the leading fanners 

in that line, his stock being of a superior quality 
and of the best breeds. He ships largely to the St. 
Louis markets. Having been reared in this neigh- 
borhood, Mr. Barringhaus is widely and favor- 
ably' known throughout the county, and is highly 
respected bj- all who know him for his honesty and 
many excellent qualities. 

Mr. Barringhaus was united in mariiage with 
Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Frank and Elizabeth 
Schulte, on the lltli of August, 1886. Mrs. Bar- 
ringhaus is of (Jernian descent, hut a native of 
Franklin County, Mo., her parents having emi- 
grated to America and settled in that county in a 
very early daj'. Five children have blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. ISarringhaus, namely: Liz- 
zie, Josephine, Frank, Louisa, and Mary, born .Jan- 
nary 22, 1895. The family are all members of the 
Roman Catholic Church, giving liberally to the 
support of the same. 

Politically Mr. Barringhaus is a stanch Repub- 
lican, always voting for and suppoi-ling the can- 
didates of his party, in which he has the utmost 
faith. He has never aspired to public office, but 
his fellow-citizens elected him to the position of 
Road Overseer, which office he is now creditably 

eAPT. HENRY B. DENKER. A man's life 
work is the measure of his success, and he 
is truly the most successful man who, turn- 
ing his abilities into the channel of an honorable 
purpose, .accomplishes the object of his endeavor. 
He who, commencing in life without means or 
friends, clings to the loftiest princi|)les of honor 
and uprightness, and pushes forward undeterred 
by obstacles, lays the foundation of a successful 
lite. Such a one is the subject of this article, 
well known throughout eastern Missouri .is the 
Vice-President and General Manager of the St. 
Charles Car Works. 

The birth of our subject occurred in llanovei', 
Germany, .January ;i(), 1839, and in the land of his 
nativity his education was obtained and the rudi- 

258 and biographical record. 

ments of his present broad information acquired. 
In his voutl) lie lieard much concerning the oppor- 
tunities afforded by America to those who sought 
homes williin her bordeis, and, ambitious to acliievc 
success, lie crossed tlie Atlantic at the age of nine- 
teen, determined to seek his fortune in the United 
States. After landing, he proceeded direct to St. 
Charles County, Mo., and after spending one year 
in tlie country came to the cit3' of St. Charles, 
where he obtained a clerksliii) in a store. Less 
than a year after coming here, the war broke out, 
and, with enthusiastic devotion to thecauseof the 
Union, he enlisted in the service of his adopted 
country. For a time he was Second Lieutenant of 
Company A, St. Charles County Home Guards, 
but subsequently was chosen First Lieutenant, in 
which capacity he served until the expiration of 
his period of enlistment. Entering the armj- a 
second time, he was elected Captain of Company 
E, Twenty-seventh Missouri State Militia, and con- 
tinued in command of that company until after 
the close of the war. 

Bleanwhile Captain Denker had become inter- 
ested in the mercantile business at St. Charles, and 
for many years he was sole proprietor of one 
of the large grocery houses of the place. In his 
establishment he carried an unusually large stock 
of groceries, his trade running from $35,000 to 
$50,000 annuallv. At one time he was interested 
in many different business enterprises, including 
pork-packing on an extensive scale. To his in- 
strumentality was largely due the establishment of 
the car works at this place, and he was one of the 
most liberal subscribers to the stock of the com- 
pany. He was chosen Vice-President, and has 
since officiated in that capacity, besides liolding 
the position of general manager. 

The political questions of the age have received 
from Captain Denker the serious consideration 
wliicli they demand, and he has firm convictions 
upon all subjects of general importance. In polit- 
ical belief he is an advocate of Democratic prin- 
ciples. Though never an aspirant for public office, 
his fellow-citizens, recognizing his admirable fit- 
ness for positions of trust, have chosen him to rep- 
resent them in various capacities. He was elected 
to the office of County Treasurer in 1866, and with 

such efficiency did he serve that he was twice re- 
elected to that position. In addition to his other 
interests, he is a prominent stockholder in the 
Union Savings Bank of St. Charles, and is Vice- 
President of the concern. 

The marriage of Captain Denker occurred in the 
fall of 1864, his wife being Miss Mary Myer, a 
lady of superior intelligence, who received an ex- 
cellent education at the Convent of the Sacred 
Heart. Her father, Ludwig M3-er, was born in 
Hanover, Germany, and emigrated to this country, 
settling in St. Charles County, where his last days 
were spent. In religion Captain and Mrs. Denker 
are Cathcilics, and hold membership in the German 
Catholic Church of St. Charles. Their family con- 
sists of five children: Anna, Tillie, Annette, Eld- 
win and Oliver, all of whom have been the recip- 
ients of excellent educational advantages. Henry 
L., their eldest son, is deceased. 

Captain Denker gives his aid to all public meas- 
ures having for their object the promotion of the 
welfare of the people, and may be relied upon to 
give his influence in behalf of all that is true, up- 
lifting and beneficial. He brings to the considera- 
tion of all subjects presented to his mind the 
shrewdness and cautious judgment that have char- 
acterized his entire business career. A man of 
considerable financial ability, he has by a judicious 
investment of his money acquired a valuable prop- 
erty, and ranks among the prosperous men of St. 

man whose name heads this sketch, and 
who IS now successfully engaged in that 
calling which has received the attention of man 
since the world began — farming — comes of stur- 
d}-, thrifty and honest German stock. He himself 
was born in the Old Country, at Tecklenburg, on 
the 26th of August, 1828, his parents being Ger- 
hardt and Lucy (Oalklaus) Witte, industrious peo- 
ple and fairly well-to-do in a worldly way. They 




never left tlieir native land, but lived and died in 
the home of tlicii- birth. Six cliildien were born 
to this worthy couple: William, neiiiy, Hermann 
H., John, Lizzie and Frederick. 

Tlie subject of this sketch was reared on a farm 
and received his education in the common schools 
of iiis native land. He remained at home until 
after his marriage, wliich occurred August 7, 1854, 
and united him with Miss Minnie Wintraan. Soon 
after his marriage he decided to seek a home in tlie 
New World, and accordingly set sail for America. 
After a long and tedious voyage across the briny 
deep, they arrived in New Orleans, in December 
of the same year. Tlie.y continued their journey 
up the Mississijjpi River to St. Louis, and on the 
following day came to St. Charles County, locating 
in township 46, range 4 east, wiiere Mr. Witte 
bought sixty-three acres of farm land. He im- 
mediately set about preparing it for his future 
home, and soon took possession of it, the necessary 
arrangements taking but a short time. Tlie typ- 
ical log cabin was in vogue in that day, and with 
the assistance of a few neiglibors it was soon ready 
for use. 

Mr. and Mrs. Witte became tlie parents of seven 
children. The first died unnamed; Frederick also 
died in infancy; Lizzie, who was born in 1857, 
married William Nieiidick, a farmer of La Fayette 
County-, Mo.; Minnie was born October 10, 1859, 
and with her husband, Hermann Niendick, resides 
on the old homestead with her father; August 
died at the age of two and a-half years; Sophia 
married Henry Grode, and is living on a farm in 
this townsliii); and Caroline, now Jlrs. Hermann 
Koester, resides in St. Charles, where her husband 
is engaged in the nursery business. 

The mother of these children was called to her 
linal rest April 20, 1870, and Mr. Witte for his 
second wife chose Mrs. Oberhennar.ii {nee Nei- 
meyer), their wedding being celebrated October 30, 
1872. The second wife owned seventy-eight acres 
of land just west of the present farm, which she 
deeded to our subject at the time of her death, 
which occurred .lanuary 18, 1891. She had no 
children by either of her marriages. Politically 
Mr. Witte is a stanch Democrat, and has alw.ays 
voted that ticket. In his religious belief he is a 

member of the Evangelical Churcli near liis home, 
and takes a deep interest in the prosperity of the 
church, giving liberally to the support of the 

Wn.LIAM I.EWLS GROCE is one of the 
best known farmers of township 47, 
range 1, St. Charles County, for he has 
passed his entire life, some forty-four years, on the 
place wliich he now owns and cultivates. Though 
it is not a matter of certainty, it is supposed that 
the Groce family is of German descent, but several 
generations have had tlieir home in the United 

Lewis Groce, our subject's father, was born De- 
cember 10, 1809, ill Kentucky, and after the death 
of his father, wliich occurred in that state, came 
to Missouri with his mother and her family of 
eight children. This event occurred about the 
year 1820. and the family took up tlieir abode on 
a farm near Flint Hill, being numbered among the 
early settlers of that locality. Lewis (iroce spent 
the remainder of liis life in this township, and fol- 
lowed the occupation of farming in order to ob- 
tain a livelihood. He married Luclnda McCoy, 
who was born February 22, 1827, and whose girl- 
hood was [lassed in this township. Her father, 
William McCoy, was one of the pioneers and re- 
spected farmers of the vicinity. The death of 
Lewis Groce occurred November 1,1872, upon the 
farm which he cleared and imiiroved, and which is 
now in the possession of his son, William L. The 
mother died May 23, 185G, leaving a large circle 
of friends to mourn her loss. 

The early years of William L. Groce, who was 
born January l(j, 1850, were jiassed- in the usiuil 
manner of farmer lads of those days. He was early 
deprived of his mother's loving care, for he was 
only six years old at the time of her death. He 
made the best of his school advantages, which 
were confined to a few months of training during 
the winter terms, and the remainder of the year 
was given up to learning the duties pertaining to 
the care of the farm. 

April 18, 1876, Mr. Groce was married to Miss 



Mary E. Farron, who was born February 5, 1854. 
She died on the 6th of August, 1894, leaving 
three children: Lillie Lucinda, who is now attend- 
ing Landis College at St. Charles, and is preparing 
herself for the profession of teaching; William F. 
and Leland B., who live at home and assist their 
fatiier in carrying on the farm. Mrs. Groce was a 
daughter of John Farron, a prosperous farmer of 
Lincoln County, Mo. 

The farm which was cleared and formerly owned 
by his father came into our subject's possession in 
1874. It comprises two hundred and twenty-two 
acres, which are arable and j'ield abundant crops 
in return for the care which the owner bestows 
on them. In addition to this place Mr. Groce ovvns 
another farm of two hundred acres. In politics he 
afflliates with the Democratic part}-. 



any, of the members of the legal profession 
in St. Charles have been engaged in prac- 
tice f()r a longer period than Mr. Lackland, whose 
connection with the Bar of St. Charles dates from 
1859. In the Constitutional Convention that met 
in .Jefferson Citj- in 1875, he represented his dis- 
trict, and served on several important committees, 
including the Judicial Committee. In 1878 he was 
elected to the Thirteenth General Assembly, to 
which he was returned tlic following year, and was 
acting Cliauman of tlie Judiciary Committee a 
portion of the time. Though he was reared in the 
faitli of tlie Whig party, he has been a Democrat 
since attaining his majority, his first ballot having 
been cast for General Scott. 

The Lackland family is probably of English 
origin. The paternal grandfather of our subject, 
James Lackland, was born in Maryland, in 1756, 
liis faliier having removed thither from Virginia. 
In 1775, at the age of nineteen, in company with 
others, he made a journey on horseback through 
tlie then wilderness, from Frederick County, Md., 
to Kentucky, wiiere he entered a large tract of 

land. A copy of the journal kept by him on this 
expedition is in possession of his granddaughter, 
Mrs. ]\Iargaret R. Snyder, of Baltimore, Md. May 
14, 1776, at the age of twenty years, he was com- 
missioned by the Council of Safety of Maryland 
as Second Lieutenant of a company formed in the 
lower district of Frederick County, Md., belong- 
ing to the Twenty-ninth Battalion. Of this com- 
pany Elias Harden was the Captain, Allen Bowie 
First Lieutenant, and Samuel Swearingen Ensign. 
James Lackland was an extensive land-owner and 
tobacco-planter, and also owned a mill near Rock- 
ville, Md. In his will (drawn up in 1812), which 
is in possession of our subject, he provided for the 
gradual emancipation of bis slaves and their de- 

The maternal grandfather, Jeremiah Crabb, was 
born in 1760, and died in 1800, in Montgomery 
County, Md. He was a soldier in the Revolution- 
ary War, having volunteered at the early age of 
fifteen 3ears, and lie is said afterwards to have been 
a Captain in that conflict. He was a member of 
the Second or Third Congress of the United States, 
when that body convened in Philadelphia. After 
the Revolution he received a commission as General 
from Washington, and assisted in putting down 
the"whi»key rebellion" in Pennsylvania. He wasa 
large land-owner near Roekville, Md. 

James C. Lackland, the father of our subject, 
was a native of Montgomery County, Md., and 
was born in 1791. In the War of 1812 he served 
with gallantly and held the rank of Lieutenant. 
He participated in tlie battle of Bladensburg, and 
others in the vicinity of Baltimore and Washing- 
ton. A grant of one hundred and sixty acres 
having been made to each participant in the war, 
he located his land. in Grundy Countj', Mo. Many 
years afterward, in 1833, he moved to the vicinity 
of Florisant, St. Louis Count}', where he engaged 
in farming for two years. In 1835 he removed to 
St. Charles, and engaged in the manufacture of 
lumber until a short time before his death, which 
occurred in 1862. His wife, who bore the maiden 
name of Matilda Crabb, was born in Montgomery 
County, Md., in 1795, and died in St. Charles, Mo., 
in 1860. 

In the family of nine sons and two daughters 



born to James and Matilda Lackland, our subject 
is the eighth in order of hirlh. The others were 
Richard Crabb, who died in early manhood; James 
and Jeremiah Crabb, both of whom died in ^cnith; 
Augustus Taney, a resident of St. Charles; Ben 
Forest, who was murdered in St. Charles in 1847, 
while a medical student; Eli Ransom, a trader of 
St. Louis, Mo.; Norman, who is a life-insunince 
agent at Waco, Tex.; Charles Montgomery, of 
Mexico, Mo., who is Claim Agent for the Chicago 
& Alton Railroad; and Emeline and Matilda, who 
died in infancy. 

Our subject was born in Rockville, Montgomery 
County, Md., August 26, 18.30. He was reared in 
St. Charles, whither his father removed when he 
was but five years of age. His early education 
was secured in the private schools in this city, and 
in 1840 he entered the primary department of St. 
Charles College, from which he was graduated in 
1848. For two years afterward he taught school 
on Dardenne Prairie, in St. Charles County. In 
the mean time he read law, and in 18.52 was ad- 
mitted to the Bar. For a [jeriod of four years he 
was employed as a civil engineer with various 
western railroads, and in 1856 he accepted the 
chair of mathematics in St. Charles College, which 
he held for three years. 

In 1859 Mr. Lackland o|)ened a law office in St. 
Charles, and advanced so rapidly in his profession 
that he now stands in the front ranks of the Bar 
of the state. From 1858 until 1861 he was School 
Commissioner of St. Charles County, after which 
the office was abolished. Whether acting in a 
public or private capacity, he has always had the 
welfare of his fellow-citizens at heart. In his early 
life he was a member of the Sons of Temperance, 
but has never aftiliated'with any of the secret so- 
cieties. He is an active member of the Episcopal 
Church, to which his wife also belonged. 

December 4, 1856, occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Lackland and Miss Nanny Harden, who was born 
in Washington, Mo., June 23, 1838, and died in 
St. Charles, March 22, 1877. Her parents were 
Joseph R. and Mary A. (Murphy) Harden, natives 
of Maryland and Tennessee, respectively. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Lackland were Ijorn three sons, the eldest 
of whom, James C, is Cashier in the State National 

Bank of El Paso, Tex. He married Miss Septima 
E. Price, of Ft. Worth, Tex. Joseph Harden, the 
second son, was for a time editor f)f the St. Charles 
Cosmoii, was afterward on the staff of the St. Louis 
Globe-Deinocrat, and was again editor of the Cosmos. 
For his wife he chose Miss Tlieodosia II., daughter 
of Dr. John Shore, whose sketch appears elsewhere 
in this work. Henry, a most promising young man, 
died in Septeml)er, 1888, at the age of twenty years 
and six months. 



JAH THURMAN, deceased, was long one 
the most esteemed and |)ublic-spirited 
men of Warren County. He owned a 
well improved farm on section 18, township 45, 
range 1, and at the time of his demise his estate 
comprised three hundred and twenty acres of land, 
all of which was situated in this county. A very 
progressive agriculturist, he was not averse to ac- 
cepting new and practical ideas in regard to the 
management of his farm, tliough he did not neglect 
many of the tried and established methods. He 
was one of the pioneers of Missouri, to which he 
emigrated when twenty-four years of age, soon 
taking up his abode within the limits of this coun- 
ty, with whose welfare he was ever afterward asso- 

A native of Kentucky, Elijah Thurman was born 
in Mason County, August 18, 1806, being the sec- 
ond child of William and Rachel (Hol)bs) Thur- 
man. In his early years he had very limited ad- 
vantages in an educational way, as there were no 
public schools in the neighborhood of his home at 
the time. He was reared to farm life, which he 
made his main occupation in later years. In 1830 
he came to Warren County, and settled on the farm 
where his family still have their home. He was 
very fond of working in wood, and was somewhat 
of a cooper and sawyer. In his political faith he 
was a stanch Democrat, and in this direction all 
of his sons have followed in his footsteps. He was 
summoned by the death angel I)eceml)er 29, 1870. 
and his loss was felt to be a public calamity. 

March 10, 1833, Mr. Thurman married Matilda 



Logan, wbo was born November 13, 1816, and sur- 
vives him. Tliougb she has just passed her seven- 
ty-eighth anniversary, slie is still active and in tlie 
en joy men t of good liealth, bidding fair to make her 
family iiappy by her presence for many years yet 
to come. She is a daugliter of William and Nancy 
(llolibs) Logan, natives of Maryland and Ken- 
tuclvy, respectively, who became residents of Mis- 

To tlie union of Elijah and Matilda Thurman 
were boi'n four sons and four daughters: Mary 
Pauline, who died in girlhood; Margie Ann; Elijah 
F., wlio died while doing service in Price's army; 
Sophronia, also deceased; Emeline Elmira; George 
R., wbo lives on the old home farm; Amariah and 
Perry Felix. Mrs. Thurman is a member of the 
Baptist Church, to which she has belonged for 
manv vears. 

among the capable and eflficient agricult- 
urists of Warren County stands the name 
of Mr. Ahmann, who follows farming pursuits on 
section 25, in township 45, range 2. He is the 
youngest child born to William and Elizabeth 
(Farenhorst) Ahmann, natives of Westphalia, Prus- 
sia, Germany. Both died there, the father in No- 
vember, 1853. His good wife, the mother of our 
subject, survived him twenty-seven years, passing 
away in 1880, at the venerable age of ninety. 
William Ahmann was a farmer by occupation in 
lii.^ native land, where he spent his entire life till- 
ing the soil. He was an energetic, industrious man, 
having tlie respect and confidence of the commu- 
nity in wliicli he lived. 

The subject of this sketch attended the schools 
of his native country until he was seventeen years 
of age, thus acquiring a fine education in his own 
language. After leaving school he remained on 
his father's farm until he was twenty-one years of 
age. Here he learned many useful lessons which 
were of great benefit to him in after years. When 
he had gained his majority he was drafted into 

the German army. The free out-door life that he 
led, combined with a naturally strong consti- 
tution, proved a blessing to him during those three 
years of arduous labor required of the German 
soldiers. At the expiration of his term of seivice 
he returned to the home of his childhood and 
again took his place in the familj- circle. He re- 
mained with his father, assisting him in the vari- 
ous duties devolving upon the farmers of that 
country for four more years, then bade farewell to 
his friends, home and native land and sailed for 

After an uneventful voyage of eleven and one- 
half weeks on the brinj^ deep, he landed in Balti- 
more. Remaining there but a short time, however, 
he pushed forward to tlie broader West, arriving 
in Warren County, where he located on a farm 
near where he now resides. Here he again engaged 
in agricultural pursuits. Being energetic and in- 
dustrious, and a man of good business qualifica- 
tions, he soon found that the New World afforded 
more scope and greater advantages for improve- 
ment and success than could be found in the Fa- 
therland. He was not slow in adopting any hon- 
est means whereby he might better his financial 
condition, and how well he succeeded is plainly 
seen in his broad fields and the substantial build- 
ings and other improvements to be found on the 
old homestead. This beautiful farm consists of 
one hundred and fift^'-three acres of the richest 
and most valuable land in the Missouri River Bot- 
tom. His residence is situated about three miles 
from Marthasville, and near the Missouri, Kansas 
& Texas Railroad. Mr. Ahmann has always lived 
an industrious, upright and honest life, and is 
highly respected by all who know him. As a tax- 
payer he expends upwards of $100. 

Mr. Ahmann was married in 1857 to Miss Lisetle 
Steinigoweg, a native of Prussia, whose parents 
died in their native land. She was married to Mr. 
Ahmann in that countiy and they came to this 
country together. Mr. and Mrs. Ahmann became 
the parents of eleven children, eight of whom have 
crossed "over the river" to the better land. Those 
surviving are: Matilda, wife of John Knehans, a 
farmer of Franklin Count}-, this state; and God- 
fred and Frederick, who are at home, The former 



is the ellicient Surveyor of Warren County, hav- 
ing been elected by more tliaii one tlioiisand ma- 

Mr. Alimaun and his family are all members 
of the Evangelical Church. They give liber- 
ally' to tlie support of the same, and are always 
ready to lend a helping hand to tlic needy, lie 
and his sons are all stanch Republicans, having 
abiding faith in the purity of their part3'. He has 
never .aspired to political honor himself, but gives 
his influence and ballot in support of the candi- 
dates for office in his chosen part}-. He is public 
spirited and takes a deep interest in the welfare 
and improvement of his home locality, being fore- 
most in eveiy enterprise which will in any way 
benefit the community in which he lives. 

THEODORE C. SALVETER, who for about 
twelve years was one of the eniplo3'es of 
the St. Charles Car Company, during which 
time he occupied a very responsible position and 
greatl>' increased the efficiency of the plant, is now 
making his home in St. Charles. For many 3'ears 
he has been engaged in railroading, in construction 
departments, and has proved a valuable manager 
and practical workman. 

The birth of Mr. Saiveter occurred in Lutzen- 
burg, Schleswig-Holstein, German}', September 28, 
1841, his parents being Henry and Louisa (Brooks) 
Saiveter, who were also natives of the same city. 
The former was born January 6, 1810, while his 
wife's birth occurred June 7, 1813. Their marriage 
was celebrated July 12, 18.32, and to their union 
were born nine children, uamelj': Jlinnie, Theo- 
dore, Johanna, Mary, Emma, Henry, Charles, Louis 
and Augusta. The father, who was master of the 
trades of painting and saddlery, died in Si. Louis, 
when in his fifty-fourth year. The wife and 
mother departed tliis life at the age of seventy-six 
years. All but two of their children are still living. 

July 3, 1847, the subject of this narrative left 
his native land with the other members of the 1am- 

ily and set sail for New Orleans. For about a 
year tliej' continued to live in the Crescent City, 
and thence removed to St. Louis. In New Or- 
leans Mr. Saiveter earned his first piece of money, 
receiving ten cents in I'eturn for carrying brick for 
a baker, who was repairing his oven. The lad's 
parents were very poor, and he was early compelled 
to work for his own livelihood. Upon reaching 
St. Louis he soon obtained a position as tobacco- 
stripper, at which occupation he earned -^1 a week. 
His w!iges were soon raised to 11.25 per week, and 
at the end of eight months to the munificent sum 
of -Si. 50. Small .as this amount, it was a great 
assistance to his parents, and the youth faithfull}' 
turned over to them every cent he could spare 
from his salary for several years. His parents tak- 
ing up their abode in Carondelet, Mo., he then be- 
gan driving a cart and hauling dirt to grade the 
streets of the town. lie worked at this business for 
about three months, receiving fift}' cents per day. 
Mr. Saiveter next obtained a place as assistant 
to a baker at 12.50 per week. When he had been 
thus emplo\'ed for about ten months he met with a 
misfortune. For uearl}' a week he had worked 
double time, and was worn out from loss of sleep. 
It was his duty after the dough was all made up 
and had raised sufficiently in the trough to call the 
baker, who would then take charge of .affairs. An 
acquaintance offered to call the j'oung man when 
the dough was read.y, and thus allow him to obtain 
needed rest, but alas! he proved unfaithful to the 
trust, and when our subject awoke he found the 
dough had grown so light it had run over the 
trough onto the floor. It was now about three 
o'clock A. ji., and the dough was sour. The pro- 
prietor was very angry, and at once informed his 
crestfallen employe that his services were no longer 
required. The boy then began clerking in St. 
Louis with Ferdinand Overstoltz, at Fourteenth 
and Market Streets. At this time he was only 
eleven years old, and felt vevy proud of the ^H per 
month which he earned. At this place he passed 
the next four years, during which time his pay was 
gradually raised, and every Sunday he walked the 
sixteen miles to his parents' home at Carondelet, .as 
he could not afford the omnibus fare, which was 
forty cents for the round trip. At last his parents 



removed to Bunker Hill, III., about forty miles 
from St. Louis, and after a few weeks young Sal- 
veler became so homesick, that lie gave up his 
position in the metropolis and set out for home. 
He could find nothing to do in the neighborhood, 
except to saw wood, at which he earned seventy- 
five cents a cord, and so steadily did he work that 
he averaged from one to one and .a-half cords a 
daj'. For a time he then worked with his father at 
house-painting, and later decided to learn a trade. 

Under the direction of a Mr. Coates, a house- 
builder, Mr. Salveter began an apprenticeship of 
three years to the carpenter's trade. In addition 
to his board he was paid 84 a month the first year, 
$6 the second, and *10 the third year, but besides 
his regular work he was obliged to milk four cows, 
attend to two horses, run errands, etc. He was an 
industrious bO}', and, nothing daunted b3' the many 
difficulties he encountered, not only accomplished 
his tasks, but worked overtime, and by so doing 
often made sevent3'-five cents a week extra. Be- 
fore his time was up, his employer found himself 
without work, and his apprentice was given his 
libertj'. The love of adventure had been alwa3's 
verv strong in him, and he determined to run away 
from home to see something of the world. An ac- 
quaintance of his, a Mr. Black, a fanner and car- 
penter as well, was about to move to Shanghai, in 
southwestern Missouri. That gentleman had two 
farm wagons in which to move his effects, and our 
subject obtained the post of driver of one of these, 
while Mr. Black drove the other team. He enjoyed 
his trip, as the famil_y camped out every night and 
had mauy novel experiences. On reaching Shang- 
hai, he assisted in putting up a sawmill, and after it 
was completed helped to run it for some time. 

Mr. Salveter, who was now barely eighteen years 
old, worked very steadily for a period, and then, 
finding himself in uced of a change, attended a 
camp-meeting which was being conducted near 
Nevada, Mo. There he met a young lad^', Susan 
Hawkins by name, and after a short acquaintance 
cnnie to the conclusion that all he needed was a 
wife. Some six weeks later the youug couple were 
married, but before many weeks had passed the 
young man found, as he says, that he "needed 
everything but a wife," as he had nothing, not 

even work, by which to make a living. He de- 
cided to try farming, and rented twenty acres of 
land from Green Walton, his brother-in-law, and 
accepted the kind offer of his wife's father to lend 
him a j'oke of cattle, wagon and plow. He re- 
turned with these effects on Saturday night, and 
the next day yoked up his cattle and drove to 
church. Monday morning he tried his hand at 
plowing for the first time, and did pretty well, but 
by noon, being very tired, concluded to ride one 
of the steers up to the house. Before he had gone 
half the distance the animal, being frightened at 
something, threw him, and he landed against a tree 
which he was passing. Much bruised and down- 
cast, he finally managed to make his way to the 
house, and after four days or so resumed work. 
He raised a nice crop of corn, but was in debt 
for almost its full value. Makiug the discov- 
ery that one house is too small for two families, 
he and his wife made up their minds to start in 
for themselves. He had sold his crop and had 
about $10 left, and this sum, a feather bed, a skillet 
and lid, a teapot and a few dishes were all the 
worldl}' possessions the young couple had. These 
they loaded into their borrowed wagon and started 
for Carthage, where the father of Mrs. Salveter re- 
sided. They moved into a small house on the 
prairie about three miles from Carthage. 7'his was 
a cabin made of logs, and in one corner of it our 
subject constructed a bedstead by boring holes in 
the walls and placing therein the ends of foot and 
side rails, and with slabs he made a table and 
stools. Prairie chickens and other game were 
plentiful, and Mr. Salveter secured some work from 
farmers, and thus they managed to pass the winter 
in comparative comfort. His wife's father then 
gave them eighty acres of land, on which the young 
man erected a house. He had several cows, horses 
and hogs, and was making good progress toward 
prosperity when the Civil War came on. After 
the battle of Carthage, things were very exciting 
in his neighborhood, and Mr. Salveter, who pre- 
ferred to be neutral, was reported as a rebel to the 
Federal forces. They were sent to take everything 
he possessed, and what they did not wish the^' de- 
stroyed b}' fire. On taking an inventory of what 
was left, he found that he had only a yoke of cat- 



tie, but no wagon. A day or two later, hearing 
that the troops harl left Carthage, he yoked up his 
oxen and went to that village, in order to procure 
a vehicle of some description. Arriving there he 
found the place deserted by all but a widow, 
for whom he had previously done some work. 
After a search for a wagon, the only thing that 
could be found was an antiquated letter-spring 
stage, which had been stored away for years in an 
old barn. After greasing the wheels with a piece 
of bacon, he hitched the oxen to it, and then to 
his kind friend's query as to whether he had any 
mone}', Mr. Salveter replied that he was without a 
cent. The good woman went into the house and 
brought out a sack of cornmeal, some coffee and a 
$20 gold-piece, and said, "May God be with you on 
your journey." The next day he tore the old 
hack to pieces, only saving the running gear, and 
then constructed a canvas top. After a few days 
of preparation he and his wife left their ruined 
home and set out for Arkansas. After a difficult 
journey they arrived at Waldron, but along the 
route the people were very kind and greatly as- 
sisted them. For six months Mr. Salveter engaged 
in farming near Waldron, and also worked at 
wagon-making in the town. 

The conscript act went into force about tliis 
time, and our subject, being included under this 
measure, was obliged to enter the service. Selling 
everything he possessed, he secured a home for his 
wife and child with a Mrs. Glass, and became a 
member of Company B, Nineteenth Arkansas Vol- 
unteers. His regiment was first stationed in the 
Choctaw Nation, and then was ordered to Arkan- 
sas Post, where thej' built a fort and went into 
regular winter quarters. When the battle at that 
place came on Mr. Salveter was very ill with ty- 
phoid fever, but, nerved by excitement and the 
constant cannonading, he dressed with the assist- 
ance of his nurse and mounted his horse, which 
took him to a place of safety. Though he was a 
member of an infantry company, he had accumu- 
lated enough money in the following manner to 
buy a horse: His spare time he employed in making 
envelopes of any kind of paper, and these he sold 
to his comrades at twenty-five cents a dozen. 
Though tlie halls were flying thick, the sick sol- 

dier reached the left wing of the arm}', and dis- 
mounted behind the trenches. Later in the night 
the gunboats began their work of destruction on 
the fort, and he was obliged to retreat to another 
point of vantage. Proceeding to some timber near 
a large precipice which ran at right angles from 
the river, he spread his blanket and knapsack on 
the ground, and in the midst of the noise and con- 
fusion went to sleep. His forces were cut off from 
all supplies, and starvation was imminent, and so 
when all was lost and he was obliged to surrender, 
he was somewhat compensated by the scanty ra- 
tions which were dealt out to him by his conquer- 
ors. His next experience was in being placed as a 
prisoner on the steamer "Bluewing," where the 
men were so densely' packed that standing room 
was at a premium. It was very cold and many of 
the boys were almost frozen by tiie time that the 
boat reached Alton. They were then placed on 
trains and started for Camp Douglas, Chicago. 
Here our subject remained about four weeks, dur- 
ing which time small-pox broke out among his 
comrades. When they were examined each morn- 
ing by the medical inspector, suspicious cases were 
taken aw.ay and none of these ever returned. 
When a week had passed, our subject, finding some 
indications of the disease on his breast, kept his 
own counsel, and, nerved by the emergency, took 
the oath of allegiance to the (loveriiraent and was 
released. After bu3-ing a suit of clothes, he at 
once took the train for Bunker Hill, III., where his 
widowed mother, sisters and brothers were still 

Entering the Government service, Mr. Salveter 
enlisted in St. Louis and was sent to Little Rock, 
vvhere he was placed at work on some Government 
buildings. At the end of three weeks he obtained 
a passport to go through the lines and visit his 
family, who had been left near Waldron. This trip 
was a task of great risk, as it was through the ene- 
my's country, and Quantrell's guerrillas were mak- 
ing raids in that locality'. Sometimes he hid for 
two or three hours in a cornfield or piece of timber, 
and as he proceeded further could travel only dur- 
ing the night. In spite of his precautions, a party 
of Quantrell's men came upon him, searched him 
and threatened him with immediate death, but 



rescue came unexpectedlj', tlic appearance on the 
highwa^y of wliat seemed to be a number of cav- 
alrymen coming at a rapid rate causing tlie des- 
peradoes to flee without their prisoner. He had 
many otiier narrow escapes, but the people along 
the way gave him food, and at last he arrived 
at his destination, where he found his family 
well. Only two hours had passed, howevei'. when 
Mrs. Glass informed him that a band of busli- 
wMiackers was coining. No other plan being avail- 
able, Mr. Salveter decided that he would play 
that he was a very sick man. He got into bed, 
while his wife and Mrs. Glass arranged some medi- 
cines on a little stand near, and hid his citizen's 
clothing. His wife was in tears, and fear made 
our hero look pale, as well as the hardships he had 
recently encountered. The men were soon satis- 
fied and went away. The nest morning Mr. Sal- 
veter started across the street from his liomc, but 
had not proceeded manj' j'ards when a party of 
ten bushwhackers came galloping and shouting up 
the street. Tliey called upon him to halt, dis- 
mounted, and our friend thought his tune had 
come. Once more he was fortunate, for among 
these desperadoes he recognized two of his former 
soldier comrades, who had escaped from Arkansas 
Post. Though he was released, Mr. Salveter deter- 
mined to leave tlie neighborhood, and tlie next da}' 
started for Ft. Smith, where he arrived after four 
nights of travel. 

From Ft. Smith our subject proceeded to Little 
Rock, Ark., by boat. He obtained a position as 
clerk on the steamer "Sunn j' South," running from 
Little Rock to Ft. Gibson. This ill-fated vessel 
soon afterward struck a snag in the river and sunk, 
the deck hands barely escaping with their lives. 
Mr. .Salveter then went to Memphis and hired out 
in a shipyard, until he could obtain a place on an- 
other steamer. AVhen the "Flora" came into the 
dock he went to the owner, Colonel Smallwood, 
and was given the position of ship-carpenter. The 
"Flora" was about to go into the cotton business, 
selling goods to the rebels along the river, and had 
a gunboat along for protection. The steamer be- 
ing new, there was nothing for Mr. Salveter to do 
unless an accident occurred, and he soon began 
working as a salesman. At the end of his first day 

in this capacity, he turned over $il,000, and his 
position was assured. The rebels paid an}' price for 
the goods, as they were badly in need of supplies, 
calico selling for §1 a yard, and everything else 
in proportion. Mr. Salveter's salar}' as ship-car- 
penter had been «150 a month, but it was now 
raised to $250. The "Flora" went to Vicksburg, 
and from there up the Yazoo River. On this trip 
the gunboat could not follow, but as the war had 
come to an end, they believed danger was past. 
According to law, two pilots were necessary, but 
one of these becoming sick, Mv. Salveter sometimes 
relieved the other pilot while he went to his meals. 
The river was vei\y high, and the amateur pilot's 
attention being distracted b}' the sight of some 
negroes who were on the top of a little log cabin 
and shouting for help, he ran the vessel into the 
trees. He was relieved of future piloting, but the 
boat was little injured. At one landing forty Con- 
federate soldiers, who were on their wa}' home and 
all equipped with arms, demanded passage. The 
owner of the boat was afraid of these men, but was 
obliged to take them aboard. Mr. Salveter first un- 
dertook to carry out a little plan of his own — that 
of making the soldiers give up their arms before 
taking passage. To his surprise they assented, 
and the unwelcome passengers were dulj- landed 
at their destination. On the return trip General 
Smallwood sold his boat, and the crew was dis- 

Though promised a good position in the whole- 
sale house of General Smallwood, our subject did 
not see fit to accept the offer. His first wife had 
died in St. Louis, February 10, 1863, and Ma}' 18, 
1865, he was married, at Gillespie, III., to Etta 
Reynolds. Mr. Salveter followed the carpenter's 
trade for a j ear or two, and then obtained a place 
in the car shops of the St. Louis, Alton & Terre 
Haute Railroad at Litchfield, III. A man b}' the 
name of Warren was master car-builder, and under 
his supervision our subject began his first work at 
car construction and repairs. He soon found that 
general carpenter work and this were very differ- 
ent, but his superior was lenient with liis mistakes, 
and proved a true friend. When Mr. Warren was 
promoted to be master mechanic he made our sub- 
ject foreman of the cab and tender department. 



Ten months later, when Mr. Warren resigned to 
take a ijosition with tlie Missouri Pacific in the 
same capacity, he wrote to Mr. Salveter and gave 
him a similar position to the one he had been 
lately occupying, and for two years the latter was 
in the employ' of the IMissoiiri Pacific. At the end 
of this time there was a general change of man- 
agement and a displacement of former eniploj-es. 
Being out of a position, our subject went to Frank- 
lin, where for three months he worked in the freight 
rep'iir doi)artnient. In the mean lime Mr. Warren, 
who had become interested in the Cairo .Short Line, 
working in his former capacity, wired our subject 
to the effect that if he desired he might have a 
place in building depots, roundhouses, tanks, etc., 
on the road. This he did, and when his work had 
been completed he went into the shops at East 
St. Louis. 

The superintendency of what had formerly 
been the State's Prison, situated at Jeffersonville, 
Ind., and which was to be turned into a car 
works, was offered to Mr. Warren, who could 
not accept the place, owing to a previous contract 
with the Cairo Short Line. On his recommenda- 
tion Mr. Salveter was interviewed, and the matter 
was arranged. The latter was to receive $150 
per month, and was to superintend the extensive 
changes which were necessaiT in order to equip the 
prison for car building. When this had been accom- 
plished, construction of cars progressed, and final- 
ly ten cars were turned out each day. For three 
years Mr. Salveter had charge of this work, and 
had had his salarj' raised to 12,500 a year. His 
wife's health giving way, he was obliged to resign, 
and went to Kansas with his family on their doc- 
tor's advice. He located near Coffeyville, near 
which place he owned several farms, and for the 
next two years turned his attention to their man- 
agement. The Southwestern Car Company being 
then in the hands of an assignee and in need of a 
practical foreman, Mr. Salveter received a message 
which asked if he could take charge of the con- 
struction of seven iiundred cars, and was offered a 
fine salar}'. He took the contract and placed his 
farm in charge of a responsible part}'. Later he 
went into the employ of the Western Car Com- 
pany as Inspector, and at the end of six months 

became master car builder at Galesburg, III., for 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Road. There 
were two hundred and seventy men in his depart- 
ment, and when he had been with this company 
a few months they were turning out ten new 
cars per week with half the force. When he 
had worked at (ialesburg for a year, Robert H. 
Parks, President of the St. Charles Car Company, 
interviewed him, and offered him the superinten- 
dency of the same. The matter was soon arranged 
satisfactorily, and Mr. Salveter became a resident 
of St. Charles. 

The salary whicli our subject desired, ?>2,500 per 
year, was deemed more than the St. Charles Car 
Company could pa>-, as their affairs were in a bad 
state, but they offered 12,250. Their stock was 
onl.y worth five cents on the dollar, and everything 
about the works was in a most demoralized condi- 
tion. At the end of six months Mr. Salveter had 
brought things into good working order, and at 
the end of a year the stock advanced twenty-five 
cents on a dollar. He was then given $3,000 a 
year, and at the end of the second year the com- 
pany's stock was worth from sixtv-liveto seventy- 
five cents on the dollar. Tlie works were con- 
stantly enlarged, and our subject's salary was in- 
creased until he received §10,000 a year. He 
considered himself a fixture, and was moreover the 
owner of about four hundred and fifty shares of 
stock. After his connection with the com|jany for 
twelve years, owing to dissatisfaction between 
himself and the Board of Directors, he resigned. 
About 1890 he started a new car works opposite 
St. Louis, at a town called Madison. He headed 
the subscription list with ¥20,000, and, with the 
help of Thomas Johnson, succeeded in raising 
$450,000. It had been the intention of our sub- 
ject to build a frame car works, but his Board of 
Directors insisted on having substantial brick 
buildings. When these had been completed, the 
new plant was $400,000 in debt. To add to exist- 
ing dilliculties, a disastrous Hood inundated the 
works. Two million feel of lumber were floated 
and in danger of being swept away, and every 
possible means were resorted to (o save loss. The 
damage to the young industry was at least $60,- 
000 and the loss of two months' time. The anxiety 



and care undermined Mr. Salveter's health, and he 
was obliged to resign. In 1890 he and his wife 
■went to Europe, and during their travels visited 
the birthplace of the former. In politics he is 
affiliated with the Democratic party. 

The second wife of Mr. Salveter, formerly Miss 
Reynolds, died in Kansas, October 6, 1875. July 
16, 1877, our subject niarried Helen Huff, in Jeffer- 
sonville, Ind. This lady died October 23, 1889, 
in St. Cliarles. The present wife of our subject, 
formerly Miss Eda Meyer, was united in marriage 
with bini April 22, 1890. Mr. Salveter is the fa- 
ther of seven children, namely: Laura, Fannie, 
Nora, Lulu, Mattie, Theodore and Eda-Burtis. 





'TX UGUST REKKR, the efficient Postmaster of 
/ — \ Holstein, is also a successful merchant and 
prominent business man of that thriving 
little city. He is a native of Warren County, and 
resides in township 45, range 2, where he was born 
August 19, 1862. He is the youngest child born 
to William and Charlotte (Stienkamper) Reker, 
who were natives of Germany. The father of our 
subject came to America in 1845, and located in 
Warren County, Mo. He was a farmer in his na- 
tive land, and after his arrival in this country' pur- 
chased a farm and continued in the same honest 
calling until his death, which occurred in 1875. 
He was a hard-working, energetic man, and did 
much toward the improvement of Warren County. 
His good wife, the mother of August, remained 
with her children for sixteen years after the de- 
raise of her husband, and then she, too, passed over 
the river of death to join him in that betler land, 
having quietly closed lier eyes in death on the 
nth of October, 1891. 

The subject of this sketch was born and reared 
on his father's farm, receiving his education in 
the public schools of Holstein. His boyhood days 
were spent much the same as those of other boys 
of the period, in assisting in the various duties of 
farm life, and engaging in the pleasures and sports 

of the neighborhood. At the age of twenty-two 
years he started out in life for himself. Having 
learned all the "ins and outs" of farm life thor- 
oughly while living on the old homestead, he de- 
termined to continue in that occupation. After 
deciding on this course he purchased one hundred 
and fifty-five acres of land, and, being j^oung, en- 
ergetic and industrious, he soon had it all under 
cultivation. By close attention and good business 
management, he became very successful, and for 
six years continued to till the soil, attending with 
such regularity and good judgment to the rotation 
of crops, that he was looked upon as one of the 
most prosperous and successful young agricultur- 
ists of the county. 

In 1891 Mr. Reker determined to try his fort- 
unes in another line, and accordingly embarked 
in the mercantile business in Holstein, in which he 
is successfully engaged at the present time. He 
carries a large assortment of dry goods, clothing, 
boots, shoes, hats, caps, queensware and groceries. 
His store presents a very attractive appearance, 
and as his goods are of the highest grade and the 
best quality, and the prices alwa3'S the lowest, he 
has an immense trade. By his honesty and fair 
dealing with his customers, and his affable, courte- 
ous manners, he has won the esteem and confidence 
of the entire community. Although young in 
years, our subject is one of the substantial citizens 
of the county, and by his good business ability and 
unerring judgment in all matters pertaining to the 
local welfare of the village, he occupies a position 
second to none. 

The marriage of August Reker and Miss Louisa 
Eiekhoff was celebrated November 4, 1892. Mrs. 
Reker is of German parentage, but is a native of 
Warren County, having been born heie August 
19, 1862. Two children have blessed this union, 
Delia and Albert, bright and interesting children, 
the pride of their parents and the admiration of a 
host of friends. 

Mr. and Mrs. Reker are active workers in the 
Evangelical Church, of which they are valued 
members, always first in all good work, and ever 
ready to assist in anj- enterprise whereby the 
cause of Christianity or the good of the community 
is involved. Mr. Reker is a stanch Republican, 



and lias faitli in the purity of the principles of 
his party. Although never having aspired to any 
otfice, and differing in his political views from the 
administration, he was appointed Postmaster by 
President Cleveland, and entered upon the duties 
of that oflice in 1892, since whicii time he has 
served in that capacity to the satisfaction both of 
the people and of the Government. 

•< ^ t^ILLlAM R. KLEASNP:R. While St. 
\/\/ Charles County' has much in the way 
of natural resources and commercial 
transactions to commend it to the public, the chief 
interest centers in the lives of tliose citizens who 
have achieved success for themselves, and at tlie 
same time benefited the community. Prominent 
among this class is the gentleman above named, 
one of the native-born sons of tiie county, and a 
resident of township 47, range 6. 

The fatlier of our subject, William A., was born 
in Westphalia, Prussia, November 15, 1824, and is 
the son of Ferdinand and Elizabeth (Meyer) Kleas- 
ner, the former of whom died at the age of fifty- 
one, and the latter when sixty-two. William A. 
was one of thirteen children, there being seven 
sons and six daughters, but all are deceased except- 
ing one brother and William A. The latter came 
to this country in 1846, and settled in St. Charles 
County, Mo., where he worked as a farm hand un- 
til 1850. He then went to California and for two 
years was engaged in mining. Returning to St. 
Charles County, he bought a tract of land, and by 
thrift and industry added to his property until he 
now owns six hundred acres of well cultivated 

In 1854 William A. Kleasner married Miss Min- 
nie Windtinueller, whose parents came from Ger- 
many in 1851. Three children born to their union 
died in cliildhood, and four are still living, name- 
ly: Ferdinand II., who is married and has five chil- 
dren; William R., the subject of this sketch; Her- 
man H. and Minnie C. In politics a Republican, 

Mr. Kleasner served as Postmaster at Black Wal- 
nut for two years and h.-js held other positions of 
trust. In religion ho is a member of the Lutheran 

Such advantages as the -ntighboring scliools of- 
fered the subject of this sketch availed himself of, 
attending those of Portage, his native township. 
He remained at home until liis marriage, October 
1, 1884, to Miss Julia Schumann, daughter of Will- 
iam and Lottie (Bellner) Schumann. Tliey are 
the parents of five bright and attractive children, 
Willie, Noia, Montgomery, Alma and Omer, to 
whom excellent advantages will be given in due 

With his wife Mr. Kleasner holds membership in 
the Lutheran Church. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics and has occupied a number of important local 
positions, having served as School Director for six 
years. Road Overseer for one year, and District 
Clerk for seven years, all of which offices he holds 
at the present time. He is engaged in the cultiva- 
tion of one hundred and thirty-five acres of land 
belonging to his father. He is enterprising and i)ro- 
gresssive, and under his skillful supervision the 
place is kept under good improvement and the 
harvests are large and profitable. 

? I ' I I I 1 n . 

(Tp* LBERT ZILLGITT. Among the success- 
/ — \ ful and prominent business men of Peers 
may be mentioned the name of our sub- 
ject. He was born in Germany in 1840, and is the 
youngest child of Christ and Caroline (St^liappe) 
Zillgitt. His parents never left their native land, 
but made their home and reared their children 
amid the scenes of their own childhood. 

The subject of this sketch attended the schools 
of his native land until he was fourteen ^-ears of 
age. By that time he had received a fair education, 
and, bidding farewell to the school-room, started 
out to make a living for himself. He had already 
decided on the painter's trade as being the best 
suited to his taste, and he immediately engaged 


with a gentleman of that profession as an appren- 
tice, and went to work with the sturdy deter- 
mination to succeed that is a characteristic of 
tlie averao-e German bo.y. It was not long before 
he had mastered the art and could apply the 
brush with the skill of an old professional. He 
continued to work at his chosen occupation in his 
native land for some years, and then decided to 
try his fortunes in the New World, where the ad- 
vantages for advancement were far greater than in 
the Old Country. 

In 1865 he gathered together his few earthly 
possessions and with some of bis intimate friends 
bade farewell to his home, friends and native 
land, and sailed for America. He arrived safely 
after an uneventful voyage, and bis first perma- 
nent location was at Warrenton, this county. 
The painter's and glazier's trade was a good one in 
this new country, and he soon found employment 
which was botli pleasant and profitable. He made 
his home in the beautiful little city of Warrenton 
for almost thirty years, where he made many warm 
and true friends, becoming well and favorablj' 
known throughout the county. In the spring of 
1894 he removed to his present home in Peers, a 
thriving little town on the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas Railroad, where he engaged in the lumber 
business. Mr. Zillgitt has erected some very pretty 
buildings in this place, which are of modern stjle 
and architecture, and add greatly to the appear- 
ance of the town. He still follows his trade, and, 
as he is one of the first settlers in the new town 
and a permanent fixture here, it is expected that 
he will do much toward the improvement and up- 
liuilding of the place. 

iMr. ZiUgilt was united in marriage to Miss 
Mollie Oberlach, whose parents reside in Warren 
County, but are natives of Germany. Mrs. Zill- 
gitt was only one year old when her parents emi- 
grated to this country and settled on the farm 
where they now reside. To the union of our sub- 
ject an<l wife ten children have been born, namely: 
All>ert, a contractor of Warrenton; George, a 
painter, residing at Peers; Emma, the wife of Peter 
Wcssel, a farmer living near Warrenton; Alice, 
William, August, Rosa, Freddie, Annie and Min- 
nie. ^Ir. Zillgitt was reared in the fjUtheran faith. 

and, with his household, is a member of that 
church. In politics he has always voted the Dem- 
ocratic ticket, but has never sought political 
honors. He is well posted in both local and na- 
tional affairs, is public-spirited, and is interested in 
every movement pertaining to the growth and im- 
provement of his home locality. 



MAX J. FREY. Much of the progress 
made b}' St. Charles County, alike in 
agriculture, commerce and finance, is due 
to the energy and capability of its German resi- 
dents, of whom Mr. Frey is one of the most prom- 
inent. He has been a resident of this county since 
October, 1880, and since November, 1884, has ofH- 
ciated in the capacity' of Deputy Clerk. He is one 
of the well known citizens of St. Charles, and with 
his wife occupies a high position in the esteem of 
the people. 

As far as the genealog.y can be traced, the Frey 
family has resided in German}-. Our subject's fa- 
ther, Carl Philipp Frej^ was born in Muellheim, 
Baden, German}', August 12, 1813, and spent his 
entii-e life in the land of his birth. His occupa- 
tion was that of a teacher, which profession he 
followed for more than a half-centuiy, celebrating 
the fiftieth anniversary of his entrance into active 
service as a school teacher. His death occurred in 
Karlsruhe, at the age of seventy-five years. 

January 26, 1846, Carl P. Frey was united in 
marriage with Miss Louise Leppert, who was born 
in Emmeudingen, Baden, Germany, and died ih 
1891. The family consisted of the following chil- 
dren: Charles, Eliza, Gustave, Otto, Julius and 
Max J., of wiiom Charles, Otto and Julius are res- 
idents of Cleveland, Ohio. Eliza is the wife of 
Christ Zimmermann and lives in Karlsruhe. 

The subject of this sketch was born near Ein- 
mendingeu, Baden, Germany, Februar}' 7, 1856. 
He was educated in the gymnasium and seminaiy 
at Karlsruhe, the capital of Baden, graduating 
from the latter institution in 1876. For four years 
he taught school in his native land, after which, in 



July, 1880, he came to Aniei-ica, and after a brief 
visit to his brothels in Cleveland, Ohio, proceeded 
direct to St. Charles County, Mo. In October of 
the same year he secured a position as teacher, at 
which he was enoaged for one year. He then be- 
came an employe in the car works, where he re- 
mained for one and one-half years. In February, 
1883, he was employed by Capt. .1. K. McDearmon, 
the well known Clerk of the ('(Uinty Court of St. 
Charles County, and in Novcniler, 1884, he 
appointed to the position of Deputy Clerk, which 
appointment he still holds. 

In St. Charles, September 21, 1884, Mr. Frey was 
united in marriage with Mrs. Sophie M. (IJuscli- 
niann) Quade, the daughter of Frederick Busch- 
inann, who for many years had a tin shop at the 
stand now occupied by P. F. Pallard}'. By her 
first marriage she has two sons, .Julius C. and 
George Washington Quade, botli of whom survive. 
The only child born of her second union, Grover 
C, died in infancy. 

The political altiliations of Mr. Frey are with 
the Democratic party, and lie is a Hrm supporter 
of its platform, both in success and in defeat. He 
has never been ambitious for official preferment, 
but in the position which he now holds has dis- 
played the possession of more than ordinary abil- 
ity, sagacity and energy'. 

^3< r >e=r 

JOHN H. IIANNEKFN. Prominent among 
the business men and worthy citizens of 
Peers stands the name of our subject. .Tohn 
H. Hanneken. He has the honor of being 
the patentee of the •'Hanneken (iarden Plow," a 
new and useful implement, which is gaining pop- 
ularity all ever the country. He is of German 
parentage, but was born in Franklin County, this 
state, in 1846. His [larents, William and Mary 
(Brinkmann) Hanneken, were both natives of Ger- 
man}', but came with their parents to the United 
States when quite young. 

William Hanneken, the father of our subject, 
met Miss Marv Brinkmann in St. Louis, Mo., and 

they were married in that city. In a short time 
after their marriage they removed to Franklin 
County, where he purchased a farm and became 
engaged in that oldest and most honoral)le calling, 
that of tilling the soil. He followed this occupa- 
tion during the remainder of his life, honored and 
respected by all who knew him. In .June, 18.01, 
he departed this life, mourned by a large circle of 
friends. His excellent wife survived him until 
1880, when she. too, passed away. She was a lady of 
many virtues, and will long be reinembeied in the 
ctimmunity for her charity and motherly acts. 

The subject of this sketch had the advantage of 
a private school in his youth, whei'e lie received an 
excellent education in the (icrmaii language, but 
his Knglish has been obtained wholly through his 
own individual efforts. He was reared on a farm, 
butat theage of nineteen began learning the black- 
smith's trade, and has followed that occupation al- 
most continuously since, with the exce|)tion of the 
time he was serving his country in the Mi-souii 
Militia, during the dark and trying times of the 
Civil War. 

November 21, 1893, Mr. Hanneken received his 
patent on the "Hanneken (iarden Phiw," a useful 
and labor-saving garden implement that bids fair 
to become \ery jiopular all over the conn try. On 
tlie 1st of Deceinlier, I8!>4, a company was incor- 
porated under the Missouri state laws, tlie style 
being the -'Hanneken Garden Plow IManufactui ing 
Company." Their sliops are located at Peers, and 
our subject is manager and foreman of the woiks. 
Ten men are constantly einpioyed turning out the 
plows at the piesent time, and the company expects 
to run a much larger force after the coming season. 
Mi-. llannekeii's reputation as a busine>s man and 
honorable citizen is well establislied, and the con- 
fidence of his associates, and the esteem in which 
he is lield. are well deserved. 

The marriage of our subject, uniting him with 
Miss Elizabeth Narrup, was celebrated March 9, 
1873. She is a native of Franklin County, where 
her parents still reside, her birth having occurred 
in March, 1846. As the result of this union six 
children have been born. Annie is the wife of 
Anton Felton, and resides in Franklin County; 
Mary, Ida, Francis, David and Katie all reside at 



home with their parents. The family are all mem- 
bers of the Roman Catholic Church, and take a 
deep interest in religious affairs. Our worthy sub- 
ject is a stanch Democrat at all times and under 
all circumstances, and is consequently opposed to 
all monopolies. He is a man eminentl}' worthy of 
a place in the records of Warren County, and it 
is with pleasure we submit this brief biography. 







PETER A. QUICKERT. Among the men 
who commenced at the bottom round of 
the ladder of fortune, and by dint of nat- 
ural ability and pei-teverance have worked their 
nay to the top, we find Mr. Quickert. He is one 
of the oldest and most prominent merchants of 
Marthasville, and is held in the highest possible 
regard both in his immediate circle of friends and 
by all with whom he is associated in business. 
While advancing his own interests he has not for- 
gotten those of the city in which he lives, and has 
done much for Marthasville in aiding progressive 
public enterprises. 

Like many of the best residents of the countj', 
our subject was born in Germany, the date thereof 
being .January 16, 1830. He was the third child 
born to John and Christina (Jaley) Quickert, also 
natives of the Fatherland, where thej' spent their 
entire lives. Peter attended the model schools of 
that country' until a lad of fourteen years, after 
which he was employed for four years as a chim- 
ney-sweep. Having a desire to see something of 
the land beyond the Atlantic, he embarked on a 
vessel which landed him in Brazil, South America. 
He remained there onlj' four months, however, his 
health faiUng on account of the very disagreeable 
climate. At the end of his next journey he found 
himself in the United States, and at once made his 
way to Augusta, St. Charles County, this state. 
This was in 1»19. Having learned the trade of a 
shoemaker, he followed it for some eighteen years 
in Augusta, and in 1867 located in Dutzow, as the 

proprietor of a large mercantile establishment, suc- 
cessfully carrying on the business until 1879. 

In the above 3'ear Mr. Quickert made his advent 
into Marthasville, where he opened a general mer- 
chandising store. He has the distinction of being 
the first to engage in this business in the place, 
and carries a large and varied stock of all goods 
needed in both the city and country home. By 
fair and honest dealing he has gained a large pat- 
ronage, extending throughout the surrounding 

Our subject was married in 1862 to Matilda Kess- 
ler, who only survived her union four years. The 
year following her death Mr. Quickert married 
Fredericka Rottger, who died in 1881. In 1884 
he was married to his third wife. Miss Agnes, the 
daughter of Charles Roehrig, a resident of Marthas- 
ville. Their marriage has resulted in the birth of 
four children. Norma, Ernie, Ella and Agnes. Mrs. 
Quickert is a member in excellent standing of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church. In politics Mr. 
Quickert is a stanch Republican, and although 
never aspiring to public ofiSce, while living in Dut- 
zow was appointed Postmaster, serving in that ca- 
pacity for eight years. After locating in this 
place he was also chosen for that position, and 
during his term of service discharged his duties 
in a very acceptable manner. 



HUMPHREY F. KILE, one of the sturdy 
old pioneers and residents of St. Charles 
Count3% came to Missouri in 1837, and 
has since passed his years in this state. He comes 
from an old Kentuckj^ family, and his birth oc- 
curred in Boone County, August 26, 1813. For 
about half a century he has lived in township 47, 
range 2, where he owns a valuable farm. 

The parents of our subject were George and 
Nancy (Marshal) Kile, whose family comprised 
eight children, six sons and two daughters. The 
only surviving members of this circle besides H. F. 
are Susan, who makes her home with our subject. 



and Alfred, who is a resident of Boone County, 
Mo. He is a well-to-do farmer, and now about 
seventy years of age. Of his family he has six 
children living to comfort his old age. 

Humphrey F. Kile passed his boyhood on a farm 
and received but a very meager education. In 
1837 he landed in Missouri withont capital, save 
a strong pair of liands and a willingness to do 
whatever he might to make an honest livelihood. 
He worked by the montii as a farm hand for a 
number of years, and during this time he carefully 
laid aside a large share of his wages. At length, 
finding that he liad sufficient means to invest in 
pro|ierty of his own, he, in company with a brother, 
bought the present home farm, an old Spanish 
grant of six hundred and forty acres. Here the 
family have ever since resided. The mother lived 
with her children until her death in 1872, when 
she had reached the extreme old age of ninety 

Some years ago, Mr. Kile bought out his broth- 
er's business, and now owns four hundred and 
sevent3'-five acres. When he first became the 
owner of this land, it was all heavily timbered, 
and though there are now several acres of wooded 
land on the farm, it has grown up within his life 
here, as the other timber was all cleared away 
bj' himself and brother. Mr. Kile has many in- 
teresting stories of pioneer days, when wild game 
was very abundant in these parts. Before the war 
he owned a number of slaves, and during the con- 
flict lost ^9,000 by their emancipation. In those 
storm}' times he also lost all his cattle and general 
equipments, but, nothing daunted, he set to work. 
and soon recovered from his losses. He lias al- 
ways led a very active life, but of late years has 
gradually shifted the heavy work of the farm onto 
younger shoulders. Although he has passed his 
eighty-first bii thday, he is still hardy and strong, 
giving promise of many more years of life. At 
present he does little farming, but rents the greater 
portion of his land to responsible tenants. His 
declining days he is passing in the eujoyraenl of a 
well earned rest, surrounded by comforts and many 
luxuries. His home has always been noted for its 
hospitality, and his man}- friends take |ileasure in 
passing the long winter evenings in his company. 

while he relates interesting stories of anli-slavcry 
days, and of the privations he endured here in 
the '30s and '40s. In his political convictions he 
has long been a stanch Democrat, but has never 
had any ambition to assume ollice, finding his time 
amply occui)ied in tlic discharge of other duties. 

HENRY LANGEMANN, one of the active 
and enterprising young farmers of Femnie 
Osage Township, St. Charles County, re- 
sides on his father's old homestead and assists in 
its management. This highly cultivated and ex- 
tensive farm is situated on section 18, where the 
father, Conrad Langemann, took up his permanent 
abode some thirty 3ears or more ago. 

Conrad Langemann and his wife, Minnie, form- 
erly Miss Staake, were both natives of Germany, but 
came to America in their youth and were married 
in Warren County. The father has been actively 
engaged in farming pursuits during all of his life 
until quite recently, when he decided to drop some 
of the burden, and so rented his faim. He is now 
in his sixty-fourth year, while his wife, who also 
enjoys good health, is sixty-five years old. 

Henry Langemann was born in Warren County, 
this state, in 1862, being the third in order of birth 
in a family numbering five children, one son and 
four daughters. When only three years of age he 
came with his parents to St. Charles Country, and 
has continued to reside within its boundaries ever 
since. His education was obtained in the district 
schools near his houie, and as he was trained to farm 
work, he has never followed any other vocation. 
Our subject has continued to reside with his par- 
ents up to the present time, and wlien thirty years 
of age started out for himself, and been very 
successful in the acquisition of a competenc}'. At 
that time he rented his father's farm, which com- 
prises between four hundred and live hundred 
acres. As he is the only son, he has always been 
his father's main reliance, and thus early learned 
to assume important responsibilities. 

June 1, 1893, at the home of the bride's father, 



Herman Linnenbriiiger, a pi'omincnt farmer of this 
rogios, a marriage ceremony was performed, bj' 
wliicli Miss Emma C. became the wife of Ileur^- 
Langemann. They have one child, Harry, born 
Novenilier 7, 1894. Both families are well con- 
nected and highly respected in this locality. 

Eor many years the Langeraanns have been 
identified with the Evangelical Church, and have 
been noted for their benevolence and kindness 
toward those in need. Both father and son are 
supporters of the Republican party, but have never 
aspired to occupy public position. In the manage- 
ment of their large estate and other enterprises 
they have found no time for outside duties, though 
they are faithful in the discliarge of all that de- 
volves upon them as good citizens. 



_ .^M®. JS' 


HON. HENRY HACKMANN. This gentle- 
man was bom in Germany, and the suc- 
cess which he has attained isoul}" another 
example of what industry and peiseverance can 
accomplish on American soil. He is now living 
retired on his fine estate on section 10, township 
45, range 2, Warren Count}-. He is a man of push 
and enterprise, and popular alike with rich and 

A native of Germany, our subject was born in 
the kingdom of Hanover, in 1824. He was the 
youngest member of the family of John E. and 
Mary (Tobroke) Hackniann, also natives of the 
Fatherland, wiiere they spent their entire time in 
agricultural pursuits until emigrating to the New 
World, in 1835, a tedious journey in those days. 
Tlie parents were accompanied by their family' 
and Frederick Hackmann, grandfather of our sub- 
ject. They at once made their way to this state 
and took up a tract of land in Warren County, 
neartlie present home of our subject. The father 
was a ver}' energetic farmer, and was therefore 
successful in the management of his estate, leaving 

at his death, in 1844, a good property. The wife 
and mother survived ten years, when she, too, 
passed to the land bej'ond. 

The schools of this section being very poorly 
conducted at the time of the settlement of John 
Hackmann and his wife, the education of their 
children was sadly neglected. Our subject, how- 
ever, is well informed on all subjects, and has ob- 
tained his knowledge bj' systematic reading and 
observing wiiatis passing around him. All his life 
has been spent in farm work, and until twenty- 
three years of age he aided in the cultivation of 
the home place. Starting out for himself about 
that time, however, he invested what capital he 
had in land, and to-daj' owns one hundred and 
seventy-five acres. Although he still resides on 
the old place, he is retired from active work, and 
is spending his j'ears in the enjoyment of a com- 
petence well earned. 

Henry Hackmann and Miss Pllizabeth Kenkar, of 
this count}', were married in 1847. She departed 
this life in 1857, leaving six children. Two are 
now deceased, and those living are: Sophia La- 
vena, tiie wife of Charles Hoefer, of Higginsville, 
this state; Miena, now Mrs. E. Meinersliagen, also 
living in Higginsville; Annie, the wife of Charles 
Meinershagen, of the same place; and Rev. Henry 
H., a prominent Methodist divine of Pettis County. 

The second wife of our subject, to whom he was 
married in March, 1858, was Sophia Kase, also a na- 
tive of Warren Count}-. Their union resulted in 
the birth of ten children: Louisa, who is the wife of 
August Meinershagen, and lives near Higginsville; 
John F; Mar}-, Mrs. Henry Knaphide, who lives in 
Warren County; Edward; Matilda, the wife of 
Henry Ritter, also living near Higginsville; Paul- 
ma, Mrs. Samuel Hackmann; Emilie, George and 
Charles, the latter three at home; and one deceased. 

Mr. Hackmann and his family are members in 
excellent standing of the Evangelical Church. In 
politics he is an influential worker in Republican 
ranks, and in 1870 was elected by that party to 
the Tvventy-sixth General Assembly of Missouri. 
While there he served on the committee on manu- 
factories, and throughout the entire term gave 
great satisfaction to his constituents. He is a man 
of much practical and financial business talent, and 



b_y the judicious investment of money has acquired 
a handsome com pete nee. Although now on tlie 
shady side of life, he retains iiis mental faculties to 
a wonderful degree, and is deserving of the respect 
conferred upon him as one of the most useful mem- 
bers of the community. 

<n^ NDREW LAUER, one of the worthy old 
/ — \ settlers of township 46, range 3, St. Charles 
County, purchased his present farm, com- 
prising sevent}' acres, four miles southwest of Cot- 
tleville, in 1868. Since that time he has invested 
in additional farm land, and is now the owner of 
ninety-flve acres, all but thirty of which are kept 
under good cultivation. 

Andrew Lauer was born in St. Charles County, 
Mo., August 30, 1841, his parents having emi- 
grated from Bavaria, Germany. The latter, John 
and Barbara Lauer, were natives of that place, 
where the former learned the weaver's trade, by 
which calling he obtained a livelihood until leav- 
ing the Fatherland. In July, 1837, with his fam- 
ily, he sailed for the shores of the New World, and 
continued his westward journey until he reached 
Cottleville. Theie he worked at his trade for 
about two years, after which he rented a farm 
from Mr. Merx and operated the place for a few 
years. He was thrifty and industrious, and on the 
expiration of this time was enabled to buy a farm 
of fifty-five acres near Wcldon Spring. There 
he made his home until 1882, wlien he came to pass 
his remaining days at the home of our subject, 
where he died April 4, 1893, aged eighty-four 
years. His wife died at Cottleville during the chol- 
era epidemic of 1852. Of the four children born 
to them Andrew is the eldest. William, a farmer 
of this township, was born in 1847 and married 
Clara Sauer. Charlie, born in 1851 or 1852, mar- 
ried Caroline Borgmaster, and is engaged in farm- 
ing in this township; and Mary died when two 
years of age. 

When twenty years of age our subject enlisted 
in defense of the Stars and Stripes under Captain 

Trowniec, who afterward became Colonel of a col- 
ored regiment, and whose second Captain was a 
Mr. Bessing. The first engagement in which our 
subject took part was tlie battle of Pea Ridge, 
Ark., which was fouglit on the 8th and 9th of 
March, 1862. Afterward liis company was engaged 
in skirmishes around Corinth, and from there went 
to Rienzi, JNIiss., where they camped until the fall of 
1862, then going to Cincinnati, Ohio. Crossing 
the river to Covington, they met Kirby Smith, 
who fell back; then they went to Louisville by 
boat, and were re-organized under the direction of 
General Buell. They were next sent on a march 
to Perryville, Ky.. and were there engaged in a 
battle which lasted only a day, but one hundred 
and twenty of their men were lost, their chief com- 
mander. Captain Hoppey, being also killed. Both 
the Confederate and Union forces then started on 
a rapid march toward Nashville, Tenn., but the 
enemy was obliged to fall back to Murfreesboro. 
Being sent to a point seven miles north of Nash- 
ville, they remained there from November until 
Christmas, and were engaged in skirmishing every 
day or so during this period. Next followed the 
great battle of Murfreesboro, which began Decem- 
ber 30, 1862, and continued until January 3, 1863. 
After defeating the enemy they were in camp until 
June 1, frequently engaging in more or less seri- 
ous encounters with the rebels. June 1, 1863, they 
marched to Tullaiioma, Tenn., fighting all the wa\', 
and on their arrival captured the town and forced 
General Bragg to retreat. Mr. Lauer was then sent 
to Stephenson, Ala., thence to Bridgeport and back 
to Stephenson, where he camped for two weeks 
with Commander Sheridan. At this time our sub- 
ject belonged to McCook's Corps. September 1 
he crossed the Tennessee River and met General 
Bragg and his forces at Lookout Mountain. 

On the 19th and 20th of the month was fought 
the important battle of Chickamauga, and in this 
encounter Andrew Lauer was numbered among 
the prisoners taken by the Confederates. He was 
conveyed to Richmond and placed in confinement 
across the street from the famous Libl)y Prison. 
Like his unfortunate comrades, he was only half 
fed, and suffered much from privation. The pris- 
oners cut holes through the floor and stole sugar 



and salt, and bought bread with money raised 
from II pieces to !J!lO, and -S2 pieces to $20. In 
November. 18153, lie was taken to D.anville (Va.) 
Prison, .wd there kept until tlie 1st of March, 1864, 
when he was transferred to Andersonviile Prison. 
There he remained seven months, and while be- 
ing transferred from Andersonviile to Cliarlestou, 
S. C, made his escape, but was recaptured and 
taken back to Charleston, and from tliere to Flor- 
ence, in the same state. On the train near Savan- 
nah, Ga., while being taken from Florence Prison, 
he jumped from the moving cars, and though he 
W!JS lired at several times Iw the guards, managed to 
make his escape. He wasa prisoner fifteen months 
altogether. While in Savannah he got into Gen- 
eral Sherman's lines, and went from there to New 
York, thence to Annapolis, Md., and finally to St. 
Louis, where he was discharged, February 8, 1865. 
While in camp at RoUa, Mo., a cataract formed on 
his left eye, and after being three months in thCvSt. 
Louis Ilopilal he lost the use of that eye. 

Returning home after his unfortunate army ex- 
perience, Mr. Lauer engaged in farm work for a 
year, and March 21, 1867, married Elizabeth, 
daughter of Nicholas and Catherine .John. The 
young couple took up their abode on what is 
known as the McMillen Farm, and in September 
removed to the pl.ace that was owned by our sub- 
ject. This was a farm of eighty acres, located on 
Dardenne Creek, in township 46. Mrs. Elizabeth 
Lauer died in December, 1868. Their onl^' son, 
John, now a blacksmith at Weldon Spring, was 
born in .June, 1868. 

On the 28th of .July, 1869, Andrew Lauer mar- 
ried Miss Catherine Daniel, who was born on the 
11th of December, 1852. Her parents, Michael and 
Catherine Daniel, were both natives of Bavaria, 
Germany. Tlie former died in this county, August 
13, 1878, but his wife is still living, at the age 
of seventy-seven years, and lives at the home of 
our subject. Thirteen children have blessed the 
union of Andrew and Catherine Lauer. Those 
living are Katie, Mary, Henry, Lottie, Andrew and 
Michael; while those who have passed away are 
Michael, Peter, William, George, James, Emma, 
and one who died before receiving a name. 

In 1868 our subject bought a farm of seventy 

acres, where he still makes bis home, and later 
added twenty-five acres to his original purchase. 
He has voted the Republican ticket since coming 
of age, and is a member of Colonel Krekel Post 
No. 408, G. A. R., of St. Peter's. He and his wife 
are members of the German Evangelical Church 
of Weldon Spring. 

OTTO AHMANN, one of the progressive 
farmers and prominent citizens of Warren 
County, is pleasantly located on section 
30, township 45, range 1, and is the proprietor of 
one of the finest and best improved farms in the 
county. He is of German ancestry, but a native 
of Missouri, having been born in this county, the 
date of his bii'th being January 15, 1847. He 
is the seventh child born to the union of Hermann 
and Sophia (Sulier) Ahmann, both natives of Ger- 
many, but who came to America in 1836. They 
were quite j'oung when they left their native land 
and crossed the brinj' deep, and it was in the wilds 
of Missouri, in the early pioneer da3'S, that they 
met and were wed. 

After his marriage Hermann Ahmann with his 
young bride settled in Warren County, on the 
same farm where he still resides. He has been en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits all iiis life, and is 
one of the progressive and successful men of this 
centur}-. B3' close attention to business, and by 
economical principles, he ha? added to his posses- 
sions until he now owns four hundred acres of the 
finest farming land in Warren County. He is a 
quiet, unassuming gentleman, and now in the 
twilight of his life, at the advanced age of eighty- 
four yeai-s, he still enjoys good health. During 
the last half-century this has been his home, and 
he is known and respected by the entire commu- 
nity. The chosen companion of his youth, the 
wife who for over fifty years journeyed bj' his 
side through all the storms and vicissitudes of 
life, has preceded him to the better land, having 
crossed to the other shore in 1893, being laid to 



vest on her birthday, the 22cl of May, when she 
had reached the venerable age of eightj-one 3'ears. 

Otto Ahmann, the subject of this slcetch, was 
reared on liis fatlier's farm, and attended tlie pub- 
lic schools of his home locality during iiis boyhood 
days. Having been reared to farm life, he natur- 
ally cliose that vocation as his life work when he 
had reached his majority and started out in life 
for himself. He owns one hundred and forty- 
two acres of well improved land, lying near Mar- 
thasville, on the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Kail- 
road. His residence is a large brick building, 
nicely furnished, and the grounds are well kept; in 
fact, everything about the place shows prosperity 
and good management. The farm is very attractive 
and presents a handsome appearance to the trav- 
eler as he wends his way onward past its green 
pastures and fields of waving grain. 

In 1868 Mr. Ahmann and Miss Eliza, a daugh- 
ter of Rudol|ih Hillerbrandt, were united in mar- 
riage. She is a native of Germanj', having been 
born in that countiy in 1850, but came to America 
and settled in Warren County, where she first met 
our subject and later became his wife. Thirteen 
children have clustered around the hearthstone of 
Mr. and Mrs. Ahmann, all of whom are 11 ving except 
Otto, who died in infancy. Marj- L. is the wife of 
Charles Rocklage; Martha F. became Mrs. Henry 
Licneka; Olinda S., Albert R., AValter H., Ida C, 
Victor W., Annie E., Rosina C, Clara E., Florence 
A. and Oscar W. are all at home with their parents. 
Mr. Ahmann is giving all his children good edu- 
cations, and with the practical lessons they have 
learned on the farm they will be weli fitted to fill 
any station they may be called upon to occupy. 

Mr. Ahmann and his estimable family are all 
members of the Evangelical Church, and are ar- 
dently interested in all good work, giving liberally 
to the support of the church, and always ready 
to lend a helping hand 10 the needy. Politically 
he is a stanch Republican, and has an abi(]ing faith 
in the purity of his party. He has never aspired 
to public office, but has served as School Director. 
He is a public-spirited citizen, taking a deep inter- 
est in the growth and advancement of the com- 
munity in which he lives, and is iiniversallj' es- 
teemed by all who know hiin. During the late 

unpleasantness between the North and South our 
subject served in the home militia, but did not 
participate in any actual engagement, although he 
rendered his country good service. 


©EORGE THOELE. an energetic and enter- 
prising young agriculturist of St. Charles 
County, and the owner and proprietor of 
a fine farm of ninety-six acres, located on section 
8, in township 46, range 4, was born in the house 
where he now resides, the date of his birth being 
March 29, 1861. His parents. Diedrich and Mar- 
garet (Meers) Thoele, were natives of Hanover, 
German}'. (F'or further particulars of this family 
see Hermann Thoele's sketch elsewhere in this 

The subject of this sketch received his education 
in the public schools of his district and from the 
book of nature. Having spent all his life on a 
farm, and the greater part of it in out-door labor 
and sports, he learned many lessons from his sur- 
roundings. When twenty-one years of age he 
started out in life for himself. He first purchased 
ninety-si.'c acres of land from his father, a part of 
the old homestead, and, being young, energetic 
and ambitious, he went to work with the determina- 
tion to succeed, and the result has not proved a 
failure. To-day he stands prominent among the 
prosperous and progressive citizens of St. Charles 

April lU, 1888, Mr. Thoele was united in mar- 
riage with Rosa, daughter of Henry and Katie 
(Mohlenkamp) Bruns, the father a native of Ger- 
many, and the mother a native of St. Charles 
County, Mo. Mrs. Thoele is one of seven chil- 
dren born to Mr. and Mrs. Bruns, Annie, John, 
Rosa, Benjamin, William, Alfred and Edwin. Airs. 
Thoele's father departed this life in 1878, but her 
mother still survives, and is living on a farm in 
this township, near her daughter. 

The principal products of Mr. Thoele's farm are 
wheat and corn, and with the natural richness of 



the soil, and the good management of the owner, 
it is made to j'ield an abundant harvest .yearly. 
This farm has been the home of our subject since 
his birth, and lias many cherished memories con- 
nected with it. Here he has spent his childhood, 
boyliood and early manhood. It is here that his 
parents died, and here his children were born, and 
many other things combine to make it sacred to 
him. Little Emil is the only child of Mr. and 
Mrs. Thoele. He was born February 26, 189.3, 
and is a briglit little fellow and the pride of his 

Mr. Thoele is a Republican in politics, and al- 
though he takes a deep interest in the success of 
his party, he has never sought political honors. 
He and his estimable wife are members of the 
Lutheran Church at Harvester, and are numbered 
among its influential members. As a citizen and 
neighbor, Mr. Thoele is highly esteemed, and en- 
joys the confidence of the entire community. 

JOHN W. CRUSE, an old and respected in- 
habitant of St. Charles County, owns and 
cultivates a valuable farm in township 47, 
range 2. His birth occurred May 31, 1839, 
in this county, and within its boundaries the main 
part of his life been passed. Thus he has been 
a witness of and a- factor in its development, and 
in the prosperity which now so abundantly rests 
u()on it. 

The parents of our subject were Francis and- 
Elizabeth (Freimuth) Cruse. The former was a 
native of Baleke, Westphalia, Prussia, and came to 
tlie United States in 1834. Settling in St. Louis 
County, he worked at the tanner's trade for a Mr. 
Clayton about two years, and then started a tan- 
nery of his own in this county. He operated the 
place for seventeen years, or until his death, which 
occurred in 1853. He quite well-off and left 
his widow well provided for. By his first wife, 
Elizabeth, he liad two sons and a daughter, .John 
W. and his sister Paulina being the only survi- 
vors. The latter was united in marriao;e with 

Casper Brass, who is engaged in farming in this 
county, and they are the parents of nine living 
children. The second wife of Francis Cruse was 
Agnes, widow of Adam S. Stahlschmidt. Two 
children were born of this union: Anna, wife of 
Heni\y Kirsting, a well known farmer and stock- 
raiser of this township; and Frances, who first mar- 
ried Frank Brass, and is now the wife of Anton 

The early 3'eais of John W. Cruse were passed 
witli iiis father, and he continued to live at home 
three years after the latter's death. The youth 
then commenced working for an uncle, who was a 
blacksmith, but after six months left to try his 
fortunes in Minnesota. At the end of six months 
he returned to Missouri, and for a short time was 
employed by another uncle. In 1859 he went to 
Pike's Peak, having taken the gold fever, but after 
one summer's sojourn there he settled down to 
farming on rented land. This place, comprising 
two hundred acres, he cultivated for two years, 
when sickness overtook him, and for three years 
his healtli was so poor that he was unable to en- 
gage in much active work. 

In the spring of 1865 Mr. Cruse went to Europe, 
traveling for his health, and at the end of six 
months returned home much strengthened and 
with brighter prospects. For a number of years 
he rented a farm in this county, and in 1869 
bought out the interest of the other heirs in the 
old homestead of one hundred and eighty-nine 
acres. This lie owned until 1881, when he sold 
out and bought two hundred and seventy' acres in 
Montgomery County. This land he also sold in 
two years, investing the proceeds in his present 
farm of two hundred and ninety-six acres. This 
is a valuable place, with many good improvements, 
and comfortable farm buildings upon it. 

April 14, 1868, Mr. Cruse married Anna .J., one 
of five clnldren of Thomas and Catherine (Shock- 
lee) Jarboe. Two of her brothers and sisters are 
deceased, and the others are Amanda, who is in the 
Ursuline Convent at Alton, 111., and is known as 
Sister Antonia; and .John, who is a resident of 
Montgomery City, and is now married and has a 

To Mr. and Mrs. Cruse were born eight sons 



and a daughter, seven of whom are still living. 
Anna Elizal)elh is a sister in the Ursuline Convent 
at Alton, where she is known as Sister Marian. 
She was a girl who was much beloved in the com- 
mniiily, being not only beautiful, but accomijlished 
and lovable. Francis Leonard is a very brigiit and 
promising young man, now attending the Marion 
Simms Medical College. Joseph A., who for six 
years was a student in St. Francis' College at Mil- 
waukee, preparing for the priesthood, has been in 
Rome for the past year. .John William lives at 
home and assists his father in caring for the farm, 
as do also the two younger brothers, Henry A. and 
Cletus Antonia. Frederick P., the next son, is de- 
ceased; and George Vincent, the youngest, resides 
under the parental roof. In his political faith Mr. 
Cruse is .a Democrat, and religiously is a Catholic. 


JAMES B. McINTOSH, who is known through- 
out Lincoln County by the more familiar 
name of ".Jim" Mcintosh, hasowned the farm 
whicli he now cultivates for about a quarter 
of a century. During much of this time he has 
also been engaged in stock-dealing, and has been 
very successful in his business ventures. He is Pres- 
ident of the Farmers' and Mechanics' Mutual Aid 
.Society of this county, and has been Clerk of the 
district schools for a year. His homestead is situ- 
ated in township 50, range 2, and comprises one 
liundred acres, all but twenty of which are used 
for raising crops each year. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Lackland and Ann Mcintosh, natives of Scotland 
and Ireland, respectively. They were married in 
Virginia in 1766, and lived there on a farm the re- 
mainder of their lives. The grandfather died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1826, while his wife departed this life 
in October, 1810. Their three children, Mary, 
Robert and -loseph, are all deceased. The latter, 
who became our subject's father, was born in Fau- 
quier Countj', Va., June 24, 1792, and on arriving 
at a suitable age married Sarah IS'. Smith, also a 

Virginian, born January 30, 1803. Her parents 
were Joseph A. and Abigail Smith, likewise natives 
of the Old Dominion, where their marriage took 
place December 20, 1801. The latter died Novem- 
ber 3, 1834, and after that event Joseph Smith re- 
moved to Trimble County, Ky., where his death 
occurred December 29, 1838. His seven children 
were: Sarah N., Mintie, Winnefred, Katherine, 
William R., Robert and Harvey. William R. Smith 
was a ver3' prominent man in Shelby County, and 
was sent to the Legislature from that district. In 
later life he removed to Oregon. 

Joseph Mcintosh removed to Trimble Coun- 
tj-, Ky., and remained in that locality until Octo- 
ber, 1838, when, with his wife and nine children, 
he started for Missouri, where he had a cousin liv- 
ing. His family and household effects were placed 
in two wagons, each drawn by a team of horses, 
and their journey occupied about three weeks. 
They crossed the Mississippi River at Clarksville, 
Mo., and from there went to Auburn, this county, 
where a relative was living at this time. The 
father rented a house for the winter, and there left 
his family while he entered and improved one 
hundred and sixty acres of laud in tins county. 
With the assistance of nine negroes he cleared a 
tract, on which he built a log cabin, and in the 
spring of 1839 removed his family to their future 
home. His death occurred on the homestead, Oct- 
ober 2, 1865, and for five years afterward his widow 
continued to live in theold home. Until 1885 she 
dwelt with our subject, after which her son 
Thomas W. took her to California, where she died 
October 17, 1887. Joseph Mcintosh was a soldier 
in the War of 1812, and when near Washington at 
the time the capitol was burned was injured, and 
for this his wife drew a pension. Throughout life 
he was a Jefferson ian Democrat. 

James B. Mcintosh is one of twelve children 
and the eighth in order of birth. Mary C, his 
eldest sister, born on the 5th of October, 1822, 
died on the 4th of August, 1883. She first married 
William T. Crume, of this county, and after his 
death became the wife of James Norton, now also 
deceased. William L., born April 9, 1824, died in 
his sixth year. Ann A., born April 1, 1826, mar- 
ried James II. Coke, a retired merchant of San 



Bernardino County, Cal. Sarah Ellen, who manied 
Reuben Gentry (now deceased), was born January 
14, 1828, and is still living near Selden, Tex. 
Robert Smith, born April 7, 1830, married Parlee 
A. Hill, September 18, 1853, and died February 
14, 1880. His widow is a resident of Olney, this 
county. Thomas Wilson, born April 19, 1832, 
first married Miss B. Cordovo, and after her death 
married Mrs. Frances Parson. They are now liv- 
ing in Colton, Cal. Elizabeth Pierce, born April 
11, 1834, married Rev. William Mitchell, now de- 
ceased, and died March 10, 1866. Jane S., born 
August 13, 1838, became the wife of James H. 
Wilson, and lives in the vicinity of Auburn. Lucy 
Jefferson, born December 8, 1840, died February 
22, 1870. Adeline Y., who died May 9, 1883, was 
born January 23, 1843, and married William Mit- 
chell, also deceased. Joseph Harvey, born Janu- 
ary 30, 1845, married Virginia A. Brimm, and re- 
sides near Foley. 

James B. Mcintosh was born in Shelby Countj', 
Ky., June 30, 1836, and received a district-school 
education. When the war broke out and Jackson 
called for troops, he enlisted in Companj- D, Sec- 
ond Division, under Colonel Barbridge and Gen- 
eral Price. The date of his enlistment was June 
17, 1861, and his first engagement was that of the 
battle of Lexington, which lasted three days and 
nights. From there he was sent to the southwest- 
ern part of this state, and took part in several 
skirmishes. He then marched to northeastern 
Missouri, and by the time he reached Pike County, 
in the spring of 1862, he was so footsore that he 
could proceed no further, and he was allowed to 
return home. He then was ordered to report at 
Troy and take the oath, but did not do so, as he 
talked Colonel Creger and others out of the idea, 
and received his discharge December 15, 1862. On 
account of poor health, he went to Sutherland 
County, Mo., after the war, and there remained 
until the fall of 1866. Returning then to this 
county, he worked in a wagon shop at Brussells un- 
til November, 1869, when he took possession of 
his present farm, eighty acres of which had been 
willed liim by his father. For some time he drove 
stock to St. Louis in addition to operating a farm. 

December 23, 1869, Mr. Mcintosh married Jen- 

nie Henry, who was born in Marshall County, W. 
Va., March 25, 1849, and was a daughter of Will- 
iam H. and Catherine A. (McDowell) Henry, na- 
tives of West Virginia. They moved to St. Charles 
County, Mo,, and engaged in farming near O'Fal- 
lon, later operating a farm near Troy, where Mr. 
Henry died in October, 1875. The widow and her 
son then returned to St. Charles County, and after 
a short time moved to Boone County, Mo. The 
son is engaged in the management of the "Deer 
Park" Farm. Mrs. Mcintosh was one of eight chil- 
dren, the others being Tobias E., John L., Leander 
T., McDowell, Marcellus, Mary A. and Emma, She 
was called to her final rest July 12, 1894. 

In 1887 Mr. Mcintosh sold his farm and moved 
to San Bernardino County, Cal., with his mother, 
whose death occurred a short time afterward. In 
1888 he returned to this county and bought back 
his old farm, which he has ever since owned. His 
wife was a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, but for years he has been identified with 
the Baptist denomination. In politics he is a 
stanch Democrat. 



NICHOLAS MEBREUER, a partner in the 
Hanneken Garden Plow Companj^of Peers, 
Mo., and a prominent blacksmith of Con- 
cord Hill, is a native of the Sucker State, having 
been born in Nashville, 111., on the 24tli of De- 
cember, 1861. His parents, Nicholas and Mary 
(Furk) Mebreuer, were both natives of Germany, 
and were married in their native land before com- 
ing to this country. Soon after their marriage 
they sailed for the New World, and though the 
voyage was long and tedious, they arrived safely 
and located first in Belleville, 111. They remained 
there for a short time, and then removed to Nash- 
ville, 111., where our subject was born. The father 
was a carpenter by trade, and followed that occu- 
pation until his death, which occurred in 1869. 
His good wife, the companion of his life, survived 
him four years, passing away in 1873. 

Nicholas Mebreuer, the subject of this sketch, 



atteiuled the public schools of Niisliville for a 
lime, but soon after his fathtM-'s dealli his mother 
removed to .St. Louis, and Nicholas was placed in 
the St. Vincent Orphan Asylum, where he re- 
mained two 3'ears. He was then sent to O'Fallon, 
where he remained until he was seventeen years of 
age. During this time he was employed on a farm, 
and by his industrious habits and genial, pleasant 
disposition won man^' friends and the esteem and 
confidence of his employer. This life, however, 
did not suit Mv. Mebreuer, and he determined to 
try some other occupation. Coming to Concord 
Hill, lie engaged as an ap|)rentice in a blacksmith 
shop. At the expiration of two and .a-lialf years 
he had mastered the trade, bought out liis em- 
ployer, and started in business for himself, since 
which time he has been successfully engaged in 
that occupation. By industry and fair dealing 
with customers he soon became a favorite in the 
community, and as his popularity increased so 
also did his trade. 

December 1. 1894, the Hanneken Garden Pl()w 
Company was incorporated by the Secretary of 
State, and iNL'. Mebreuer became a stockholder, and 
also one of the manufacturers. The business is in 
a flourishing condition at the present time, having 
on hand over three thousand implements, and em- 
ploying ten men constantly. The corapau}' con- 
template erecting a large factoiy for their work at 
Peers some time in 1805. Air. Mebreuer is a wide- 
awake business man, and with him at the helm the 
enterprise is bound to succeed. He has been ex- 
tensively engaged in the sale of agricultural im- 
plements, steam engines, threshing machines, clover 
huUers, etc., for a number of years, and thoroughly 
understands the business. It has been his good 
fortune to supply more farmers with the necessary 
machiner\- for farm work than any other man in 
the county. He takes a great pride in doing all 
his work well, and his integrity and square dealings 
have won him many warm friends, and he is num- 
bered among the substantial citizens of Warren 

Mr. Mebreuer was maM-ied in 1884 to Miss Mena, 
a daughter of Henry Dickhaus,a [irominent farmer 
living near Marthasville, this state, and to this 
union six children have been born, .as follows: 

Frances, Emma, Clemens, Hern hard, August and 
Hagena. This is a bright and intelligent faniil}', 
of which our subject may well be proud, and it is 
his intention to give them as good educations as 
lie vvithin Ins means. He and liis excellent wife 
are both members of the Koman Catholic Church, 
and give liberally to the support of the same. He 
takes an active interest in politics, and always 
votes the Democratic ticket. Mr. Mebreuer is a 
self-made man, having mainly educated himself, 
and his success in life and the position he occupies 
in the business world are due to his individual ef- 
forts, and it is with pleasure that we present this 
brief sketch of his life. 

JOSEPH ECKELKAMP, the popular and effi- 
cient Postmaster of the flourishing little city 
of Peers, and one of the old, substantial citi- 
zens of Warren County, is a native of Ger- 
many and was born in 1830. His parents were 
Henry and Elizabeth (Schaufaut) Eckelkarap, who 
never left their native land, spending their entire 
lives in the home of their birth. The father was a 
farmer by occupation, at which honest calling he 
made a living for himself and famil}'. One day 
while assisting at a house-raising in his neighbor- 
hood he was struck by a falling log and killed al- 
most instantly, leaving his wife with several small 
children to maintain. The sliock was a terrible 
one to the wife and mother, one from which she 
never full}' recovered, and in a few years she, too, 
passed away, and was laid to rest beside the com- 
panion of her youth. 

Having been left an orphan at an earl}' age, our 
subject of course had not the best of opportunities 
to qualify himself for a business life as he grew to 
manhood, and the education he received was mainly 
through his own individual efforts. His thirst for 
knowledge was great, and what little spare time he 
had was diligently spent in reading and study. At 
the age of thirteen years he crossed the briny deep 
with an elder brother and two sisters, locating in 



St. Louis, Mo. Soon after his arrival in the city, 
he found employment in a grocery as a clerk. 
Being bright and quick to learn, it was not long 
before he had gain'ed the confidence of his em- 
ployers and was promoted to a higher and more 
lucrative position. After remaining in the city 
for twelve years, and becoming thoroughl}' ac- 
quainted with the grocer}' business, he determined 
to start in business for himself. 

In 1854 our subject came to Concord Hill, or 
Peers, and embarked in the mercantile business. 
With the small capital he had saved from his 
earnings as a clerk in St. Louis, he opened up a 
store of general merchandise, beginning with a 
small stock of goods. When first entering upon 
his business career he determined to always deal 
fairl}' with everyone, to give full weight and 
measure to each customer and the full value of 
his mone}-, to sell honest goods, and to treat 
everj'one with respect and in an accommodating 
mannei'. To this resolution he has strictly ad- 
hered, and for forty 3'ears has continued in busi- 
ness in the same place, keeping all his old custom- 
ers and gaining many new ones. With such a de- 
termination, and with such a man as our subject at 
the helm, success was sure, and to-day ]\Ir. Eckel- 
kamp stands at the head of the successful business 
men and honored citizens of Warren County. 

Soon after coming to Concord Hill Mr. Eckel- 
kamp met Miss Elizabeth Nauber and won her for 
his bride, their wedding taking place on the 1st 
of August, 1854. Her parents were Bernard and 
Gertrude Nauber, natives of Germany, and were 
among the early settlers of Warren County, where 
they still reside. Four children have blessed the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Eckelkarap, two of whom 
are living, Louis and Mary, the latter being the 
wife of Henry Schaefer, who resides in Charrette 

The postoffice at Concord Hill was originally 
called Eckelkarap, in honor of our subject, but 
after the completion of the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas Railroad it was changed to Peers, and Mr. 
J:ckelkamp was appointed Postmaster, and has 
creditably filled that position for a number of 
years. He is also President of the Ilanneken Gar- 
den Plow Manufacturing Company at Peers. In 

December, 1894, a certificate of incorporation was 
granted under the state laws to this company to 
do business. The companj^ began operations with 
a paid-up capital of -$7,000, and are doing a flour- 
ishing business at the present time. 

A few years ago Louis Eckelkamp associated 
himself in the mercantile business with his father, 
and has been successfully engaged in the trade 
ever since. Louis is a native of the county, and 
is well known in the communit}'. He is one of 
the popular 3'ouug men of the place, occupying a 
high position in social circles, and a favorite with 
everj'one. Having inherited his father's amiable 
disposition, he is a perfect type of the sterling, 
honest and upright gentleman. The lady who be- 
came his wife was Miss Lizzie Glosemeyer, a popu- 
lar young lady of Charrette Bottom, and a daugh- 
ter of George H. and Adeline (Finder) Glosemeyer, 
whose biographies will be found elsewhere in this 
volume. The marriage of Louis and Lizzie Eckel- 
kamp has been blessed by the birth of three chil- 
dren, two daughters and one son: Mary, Ella and 
Joseph. The Eckelkamps are all ardent members 
of the Roman Catholic Church. In politics our 
worthy subject and his son are both stanch Demo- 
crats, tried and true, giving their support to the 
candidates of that party by their influence and 

HENRY MASSMANN, a leading merchant 
of Peers, is a native of Missouri, and was 
born in Warren County, February 14, 
1841. His parents were Martin and Mary Eliza- 
beth (Biermann) Massmann, highly respected citi- 
zens of Warren County. The father was a fanner, 
and followed that honest calling all his life. He 
passed away in the prime of life, leaving a fam- 
ily of small children and a devoted wife to mourn 
his loss. His death occurred in 1849, and his re- 
mains were laid to rest in the cemetery near his 
home. After thirty-one years of weary waiting, 
the wife and mother also laid down her burden and 
peacefully closed her eyes in death, dying in 1880, 



at the venerable ao;e of seventy-eiglit years. This 
worthy' couple were bolli devoted members of the 
Catholic Church. 

Henry Massmann was reared to agricultural |nir- 
suits, and attended the public sciiools of iiis home 
locality, where he received a good common educa- 
tion. He remained on the home farm until he had 
reached his majority, when, in 1862, he responded 
to his country's call and enlisted in the IMissouri 
Militia, where he served with credit and fidelity 
until the close of the war, the greater part of 
this time being spent in actual service. After the 
close of the war, Mr. Massmann returned to iiis 
home and engaged in farming, which lie success- 
fully followed until 1884, when he removed to 
Concord Hill and embarked in the hotel and retail 
liquor business. He continued in this vocation 
until his removal to Peers, his present location, in 
1893. Peers is a thriving little village located on 
the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Kadroad, about sev- 
enty-five miles from St. Louis. The town was laid 
out after the completion of this road in 1892, and 
Mr. Massmann was the first citizen to locate here. 
He opened a store of general merchandise, carry- 
ing a large stock of dry goods, boots, shoes, cloth- 
ing, groceries and queensware. The town is hav- 
ing a nice little "boom," and is rapidly increasing 
in population, and in consequence our subject is 
doing an immense business. The Hanneken Gar- 
den Plow Manufacturing Company have their 
works located here, and, as their business is flour- 
ishing, will greatly- add to the improvement and 
materially aid in the upbuilding of the town. 

Mr. Massmann also learned the carpenter's trade 
in his youth, and did considerable work in that line 
before his marriage. Many of the farm houses in 
the neighborhood, and a goodly number of the 
more pretentious ones of the towns and villages, 
show his handiwork. He has spent his entire life 
within a radius of four miles of his present loca- 
tion, and no man is better or more favorably 
known for his kindness and upright, straightfor- 
ward character than he. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Louisa, 
a daughter of Ernst and Maiy Leirmann, took 
place August 1, 1864. Her lather was a promi- 
nent farmer of Warren County, but a native of Ger- 

many. Six children have blessed the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Massmann, three of whom have closed 
their eyes in death, Louis, Alice and Frank. Those 
surviving are Barnett, Casper and Vincent. The 
family are all members of the Catholic Church. 
In politics the father is a Democrat at all times 
and under all circumstances, and is consequently 
ojjposed to all monopolies. He has never aspired 
to public office, but is a man of public spirit, and 
is greatly interested in local affairs and the im- 
provement of the town and community. 


FRANK TRAU, a well known business man 
of Holstein, has established himself in the 
confidence and good-will of this village 
and locality by his uniformly fair and upright 
dealings. He has been successfully engaged in 
running a hardware and tinware business in this 
place for several years, and carries a large and well 
selected stock. He has been closely identified with 
the growth and prosperity of Holstein, and takes 
great interest in whatever affects its welfare. 

Frank Trau was born in Alsace (at that time a 
province of France), on the 13th of December, 
1847. He is the third in a family numbering five 
children, whose parents were Frank and Magda- 
lena (Waltz) Trau. They were likewise natives of 
Alsace, in which country they passed their entire 
lives. The boyhood of our subject was spent upon 
his father's farm, his assistance being given to its 
management. He received a good education in his 
mother tongue, and after completing his studies 
began serving an apprenticeship to a tinner, at 
the end of throe years becoming master of the 
trade. When nineteen years of age he entered the 
French army, and continued in the service for five 
years. During this time lie was stationed in Al- 
geria, Africa, one of the French colonies. 

When his service in the arm^' had terminated 
Frank Trau returned to his old home, and after 
settling up his affairs there emigrated to the United 
States, whose shores he reached in 1871. For a 



period of fovu- yt'ars he worked at his trade in St. 
Loiiif. and then went to Maithasville, where he was 
employed in the same calling for upwards of twenty 
months. At tiie end of that time Mr. Trau came 
to liis present location, where he has since been a 
leading business man. 

In 187G Frank Trau married Miss Katie Bruck- 
ner, whose parents were prominent people, living 
on a farm near Wright City. Blrs. Trau is of 
Austro-Hungarian birth, hut from her infancy was 
reared in this country. The marriage of our sub- 
ject and his estimable wife has been graced by 
the following children: Francis, George, Eugenie, 
Katie, Frank and Annie. 

Mr. Trau is not identified with any religious 
denomination, but his wife and elder children are 
members of the Evangelical Church. On questions 
of national importance our subject deposits his 
ballot in favor of Republican nominees, but in lo- 
cal affairs is conservative and chooses to vote for 
the one whom he considers the best man. He is 
entirely self-made, having started out from home 
empty handed to make his own way in the world 
in his early manhood. He owes it to his own in- 
dustrious and enterprising characteristics that he 
is now one of the influential and prosperous men 
of this section. 

^ P ' 

HENRY B. DICKHAUS. The career of this 
gentleman has been marked by enter- 
prise and industry and the well directed 
efforts that have been rewarded by the accumula- 
tion of a goodly amount of land and the machinery 
and stock necessary for the carrying on of a first- 
class farm. Mr. Dickhaus is one of those German- 
American citizens of whom we have reason to be 
proud, on account of the example they present of 
industry, morality and good citizenship. ,He was 
born in Germany, about 18.31, and is the eldest 
member of the family of Henry and Elizabeth 
(Coopman) Dickhaus, who were also natives of the 

The parents of our subject emigrated to the 
United Stoles the year after bis birth, first locat- 

ing in Kentuck}^ Their stay there was of short 
duration, however, as they again took up the line 
of march and made settlement in St. Charles Coun- 
ty', Mo., near Augusta. Several years thereafter 
we find them living in Warren County, where they 
spent the greater part of their lives. The father 
followed the trade of a shoemaker in his native 
land, and after coming to America carried this on 
in connection with farm pursuits. He was much 
respected in this locality, and his death, in 1864, 
was keenly felt by all who knew him. His wife 
survived him about six years, when she, too, passed 

The advantages of our subject for obtaining an 
education were very limited and were confined to 
the instruction which he received for a short time 
from private teachers. He is to-day well informed 
and intelligent, and therefore is what the world 
calls self-made. He received a thorough training in 
farm duties, and at the age of twenty-four rented 
property, which he cultivated on his own respon- 

That venture proving very successful, Mr. 
Dickhaus, in 1860, purchased his present estate, 
to which he has since added, until now he owns 
one hundred and sixty-eight broad acres. It is 
pleasantly located on section 29, township 45, 
range 1. and compares with the best in the town- 
ship. It bears all the latest improvements in the 
way of buildings, and is made more valuable by 
the erection thereon of a handsome brick residence, 
built after the most approved architectural designs, 
and furnished in a tasteful manner. 

Mr. Dickhaus was married in October, 1852, to 
Miss Diena Struckhoff. She was the daughter of 
Henry Struckhoff, a native of Germany, who settled 
in this state many years ago. They had born to 
them two children: Mena, the wife of Nicholas 
Mebreuer, a skillful blacksmith in Warren County; 
and Gustav, who died when about twenty-four 
years of age. The mother of these children died 
about 1862, and Mr. Dickhaus married his present 
wife in January, 1868. Her name was Annie 
Whamhoff, and she was the daughter of Henry 
and Gertrude (Hartmau) Whainhoff, who were na- 
tives of Germany, as is also Mrs. Dickhaus. They 
came to America in 1867 and settled in Franklin 



County, Mo. To Mr. Dickhaus' second marriage 
were born four children, two deceased. The liv- 
ing are Alvin and .lulia. 

Mr. Dickhaus and his entire family- are members 
of the Catholic Church. In politics he is a Dem- 
ocrat, and is stronijly opposed to monopolies. He 
is a man honorable in his dealings with all, kindly 
and social in domestic life, and is regarded with 
a due measure of esteem by those about him. 

__..J.4.4.4. ^S . . ._ 



eIIARLP:S RIDDER. Among the i)romi- 
nent .agriculturists who were boin across 
the seas, and who have brought to this 
country those characteristics which make them suc- 
cessful here, is the subject of this sketch, who re- 
sides on section 14, township 45, range 2, Warren 
County. He was born in Germany, February 5, 
1836, his parents, Joseph and Sophia Ridder, hav- 
ing also been born in the Fatherland, where the 
mother died. 

The father of our subject followed agricultural 
pursuits in his native land, but in 1856, thinking 
to better his financial condition, and desiring to 
see something of the New World, emigrated hither, 
bringing with him his family and settling at once 
in this county. Here he purchased a tract of land, 
to the cultivation of which he gave his undivided 
attention until the day of his death, which oc- 
curred in 1861. He had been given a fair educa- 
tion in the good schools of Germany, and was 
therefore ambitious to have his children well in- 
formed on all necessary subjects. 

Charles, of this sketch, attended school in his 
home across the seas, and after his arrival in Amer- 
ica aided his father in placing under good culti- 
vation their new tract of land. He remained un- 
der the parental roof until 1862, when he began 
farming on his own account, and has ever since 
been successfully engaged in that vocation. He is 
a thoroughly wide-awake farmer, careful and in- 
dustrious, and as a result owns eighty aces of as 
fine land as the township contains. This he culti- 

vates very profitably, raising the various kinds of 
grain and feeding good grades of stock. 

After purchasing property of his own, Mr. Rid- 
der was married, in 1862, to Miss Mary Sehakc. 
She was the daughter of .lohn and Fredricka (Dan- 
ielsmier) Schake, also natives of Germany, whence 
they emigrated to this country many years ago. 
The mother is yet living, at the venerable age of 
eighty-three years. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Kidder there has been granted 
a large family of children, nine in number. They 
are: Minnie, the wife of Henry Krumsick, of La 
Fayette County; Henry, also living in that county; 
Julia, Edward, William, John, Amelia, George and 
Gustave. The parents iind all their children are 
consistent members of the Methodist Elpiscopal 
Church, and in the work of their church in the 
neighborhood take a prominent and leading part. 
Mr. Ridder, who has accomplished much good as 
a minister of the Gospel, fills the pulpit of this 
congregation. He is a Republican in politics, but 
is no aspirant for office, much preferring the du- 
ties of civil life to the turmoil of politics. He is 
always just and considerate of the rights of all 
with whom he is brought in contact, and consci- 
entious in his observance of all the proprieties of 
life. Thus he has made many friendships, which 
grow stronger with more intimate acquaintance. 

JOHN H. KLUNE, a well known citizen and 
prominent farmer of township 46, range 4, 
St. Charles County, was born in Hanover, 
Germany, January 1, 1816. His parents, 
John H. and Mary (Stomborg) Klune, were also 
natives of Germany and were born in Hanover, 
where they spent their entire lives. The father, 
who was a farmer by occupation in his native 
land, gave all his children a good practical educa- 
tion in the farming line, which has been of great 
benefit to them. Ten children were born to this 
worthy coui)le. Arnold, the eldest, lived to the 
good old age of eighty years. William died in 



his native land at the age of eiglit\^ John H. is 
thesiibjoctof this sketch. John Henry, who came 
to tliis country with our subject, married in Ger- 
many Margaret Blcers, and both he and his wife 
arc deceased. John D. married Mary Wahhorst, 
and passed away in liis native land. Elizabeth 
became the wife of John Bodeman, and she and 
her husband both died in Germany. Margaret 
married Henry Posthorst, and with her husband is 
deceased. Mary, who married Henry Bodeman in 
Germany, came to this country about six months 
after our subject. She and her husband both died 
in St. Louis. Mary A. came to America with 
her husband, William Booner, and located in St. 
Charles, where they remained until their decease. 
Catherine married Hermann Meier, and both re- 
mained in their native land, where they died. 

John H. Kluue came to the United States in 
1844 with his brother, John Henry. They came 
direct to St. Charles County, where they worked 
out on dilTerent farms until 1848, when our sub- 
ject became acquainted with and married Miss 
Catherine, a daughter of John D. and Christine 
Stoneback. She is a native of Germany, where 
lier parents and only sister died, leaving her alone 
in the world. She came to America with some 
friends, and made her home in St. Charles County. 
It was here that she met and wedded Mr. Klune, 
and the}- became the parents of ten children. 
Minnie is the wife of William Barklager, a farmer 
in this township. Annie married William Mollen- 
kamp, a merchant of the city of St. Charles. Lena, 
now Mrs. Fred Schmedler, also lives in St. Charles. 
Amelia makes her home with her parents; and Her- 
mann also lives at home. Those who have gone 
to the land beyond are Frederick, Caroline, Henry, 
Henry (the second of that name), and one who 
died in infancy unnamed. 

Mr. Klune is a practical farmer, and an honest, 
upright citizen. Nothing of importance has ever 
occurred to mar the even tenor of his life. He 
has always tried to do his duty as a friend and 
neighbor, and in this respect has been successful, 
as is s'nown by the esteem in which he is held in 
the community. About two years after his mar- 
riage he purchased sixty acres of land, which com- 
prises the farm he now occupies. It is all under 

cultivation and well improved, and now, in the 
twilight of his life, he enjoys the fruits of his la- 
bor and the rest which he so well deserves. He 
and his estimable wife are both members of the 
Lutheran Church at St. Charles, and give liberally 
to the support of the same. Politically he is a 
Republican, always voting for and supporting the 
candidates of his party. 

"' • ' ^i 

eHARLES H.KUNZE, one of the self-made, 
enterprising agriculturists of township 45, 
range 3, Warren County, owns a well im- 
proved homestead on section 12, the farm com- 
prising one hundred and eighteen acres. The 
premises are kept up in a neat and thrifty manner, 
and modern improvements conducive to comfort 
and expedition in the management of the place are 
to be seen on every hand. 

The father of our subject, Jonathan Kunze, em- 
igrated to the United States and became one of 
the early settlers of St. Charles County, where he 
turned his attention to fanning and carpentering, 
and was actively engaged in business until death 
put an end to his labors. Mrs. Kunze died when 
her son Charles was only a child, and he therefore 
knows but little of her people or history. 

The birth of our subject occurred on his father's 
farm in St. Charles County in 1840, and in a fam- 
ily of ten children he is the fourth. Four of the 
children only are living: Benjamin, now a resi- 
dent of Berlin, Germany;. William, who resides at 
Hopewell Academy, this county; Lena, the wife of 
Henry Gerdemann, of Cappeln, St. Charles Coun- 
ty, Mo.; and our subject. Charles H. continued to 
live with his father and to attend the district 
schools until he was sixteen j^ears of age, when the 
homestead was rented and the youth had but one 
thing left to do, and that was to start out in life 
for himself, dependent upon his own resources. He 
was of an industiious and persevering disposition, 
and with strong self-reliance began to carve out 
his career, which has been blessed with success. As 



the result of his labors he now finds himself the 
owner of .1 valuable piece of property, of which he 
nia\- well be proud. He occupies a position in the 
community which is certainly enviable, for his 
word is considered as good as his binid, and his 
integrity is unquestioned. 

In 1864 Mr. Kunze was united in marriage with 
Miss Mary, daughter of Henry Schoppenhorst, a 
prominent citizen of Hopewell Academy. Three 
children grace the union of our subject and his 
faithful helpmate, all daughters, namely: Augusta, 
who is the wife of Alfred Schroer, a well-to-do 
young farmer of tliis county; and Ida and Kmma, 
j'oung ladies of good education and social attain- 
ments, who reside witii their parents. In addition 
to his own family, Mr. Kunze has an adopted son, 
Conrad Ilildebrand, who was born February 17, 
1878, consequently is now about seventeen years 
of age. Conrad has received the same care and 
attention as his own children, and is now attend- 
ing college at Wairenton. His father's name was 
August, and his motlier's Caroline (Lefoltz) Ililde- 
brand, and both died vvhen he was an infant. Jlr. 
Kunze's family is not idontiHed with any denom- 
ination, but is always interested in benevolences 
and in helping the poor and need^'. In politics Mr. 
Kunze is a Republican, and never fails to cast his 
ballot, though he has not found time to seek office 
and prefers to lead a quiet life. 




/^^ J:0RGE II. GLOSEMEYER. This gentle- 
^ T man lesides on section 26, in townsliip 
4.5, range 4, and is well and favoraljly 
known throughout Warren County. He is a na- 
tive of Osnabruck, Haniiver, Prussia, and was born 
in 1832, being the third child born to the union of 
John E. and Annie M. (Glosemeyer) Glosemeyer. 
The parents spent their younger days in Germany, 
which was the land of their birth, but crossed the 
ocean to the New World in 18.33 and located in 

Concord Hill, Warren County. Here John Glose- 
meyer, the father of our subject, purchased some 
land, and engaged in agricultural ]iursuits the re- 
mainder of his life. He departed this life in 1852, 
and his wife passed away in 1888, at the age of 
seventy-two years. 

The subject of this sketch received a fair educa- 
tion in the public schools of his vicinity, but the 
advantages for learning were very infeiior in those 
early days. He made good use of his time and oj)- 
portunity, however, and being naturally intelligent 
and observant, he lias learned many pr.actical les- 
sons, and with the assistance of the current lit- 
erature- of the day he keeps well posted in both 
local and national aflfairs. At the age of twenty- 
six years he started out in life for himself. Pur- 
cli.asing one hundred and sixty-six acres of land, 
he began tilling the soil, and in a few years be- 
came a prosperous and successful grain and stock 
grower. Mr. Glosemeyer has also had his share of 
misfortune. Out of the one hundred and sixty- 
six acres only sixty-six remain, the other one hun- 
dred having been swe()t away by the floods of the 
Missouri River. What remains, however, is very 
fertile and yields an abundant harvest. Another 
misfortune, much more serious than the loss of his 
land, has also fallen on him. A few years ago his 
eye-sight began to fail, and for some time he has 
been totally blind. He is able, however, to move 
about the house and premises without assistance. 

January 7, 1858. Mr. Glosemeyer was married 
to Miss Adeline Finder, a native of Holland. Her 
parents emigrated to America in the year 1845, 
and settled near Moselle, Franklin County, Mo., 
she being but nine years of age at the time. Mr. 
and Mrs. Glosemeyer are the parents of nine chil- 
dren, as follows: Louisa, the wife of Joseph Bor- 
ges; Josephine, now Mrs. Benjamin Macke^-; Eliz- 
abeth, vvho married Louis Eckelkamp; Caroline, 
the wife of Fritz Mackey; Mary, :\Irs. William La- 
farth; George, Dina, Ragena and I'.enjamin. the 
last four mentioned being all at home with their 

Our subject and his estimable wife are all mem- 
bers of the Roman Catholic Church. He is a Dem- 
ocrat in his political views, always voting for and 
supporting the candidates of that party. He is a 



quiet, unassuming man, and has never aspired to 
political honors, but takes a deep interest in local 
affairs. A man of many good qualities, he is hon- 
est and upriglit in his dealings, and enjoys the es- 
teem of a large circle of friends and acquaintances. 

3.5..}. .5.45.^^^.5. .5.^.5.1= 

FATHER I. C. ERNST, who has charge of 
All Saints' Church of St. Peter's, located 
in township 47, range 4, St. Charles Coun- 
ty, is a native of Prussia, Germanj', and was born 
in the city of Cologne, February 16, 1849. His 
parents, Charlie and Sophia Ernst, were born and 
reared in Cologne, and passed their entire lives in 
tliat cit\'. Tlie father departed this life in 1863, 
and the mother was called away in 1880. Four 
children weie born unto Charlie and Sophia Ernst: 
Freddie, who still makes his home in Germany; 
Charlie, the second son, who was killed in the 
F'ranco-Prussian War of 1870; I. C, our subject, 
the next in order of birth; and Mary, the youngest, 
who resides with Father PLrnst. 

The subject of this sketch emigrated to America 
in .June, 1884, going first to New Jerse}^ From 
there he went to St. Louis, where he remained 
only a short time, thence removing to Wardsville, 
Cole County, Mo., where he took charge of St. 
Stanislaus' Church. He remained in charge of 
this congregation until 1888, a period of four 
years, and then removed to St. Thomas, in the 
same county, to become pastor of the church in 
that city. After three years' faithful service there 
be took charge of the Church of St. Boniface at 
Perryville. in Perry County, this state, remaining 
witli tills congregation for three years. In 1894 
be came to St. Peter's and assumed control of All 
Saints' Church, situated in the southern part of 
the couiitj-. 

Ail Saints' Church was organized in 1836, and 
now has a membershii) of about one thousand. 
The lii-sl cdilico the congregation met in was built 
of logs. As the membership increased, this was 
torn down and replaced by a larger and more sub- 

stantial one built of brick. This in turn has given 
place to the magnificent modern structure that now 
occupies tlie old site. 

In December, 1860, Father Nicholas Staudinger, 
the first secular priest of St. Boniface's, came to 
this place from St. Louis, and remained in charge 
of the church until April, 1866, when he was 
called to St. Louis. He returned in February, 1878, 
and had charge until his death, which occurred 
April 19, 1894. In 1866 he built the house that 
our subject now occupies. In connection with the 
church the Catholics have a large school, which is 
divided into two classes, the first class consisting 
of about seventy pupils, and the second number- 
ing fifty-two. The school building was erected in 
1860, by the congregation. Two teachers. Sisters 
of the Precious Blood, are employed in the school, 
Sister Rose having charge of the advanced class, 
and Sister Isabel of the other. 

Father Ernst was educated and ordained a priest 
in his native land. He is a man of studious habits 
and good sound judgment, pleasant and affable in 
his manner, and is a favorite with his parishioners 
and his fellow-citizens, whose esteem and confi- 
dence he has gained by his kindliness, earnestness 
and unostentation. 



\HJ S 

NICHOLAS DAMES, one of the well-to-do 
farmers of township 48, range 6, has for 
several j'ears been numbered among the re- 
spected and honored citizens of St. Charles Coun- 
ty. He is a practical agriculturist, and has brought 
his large farm under good cultivation and im- 

Born on the banks of the River Rhine, Feb- 
ruary 21, 1840, the first years of Mr. Dames were 
passed in his birthplace, Coblentz, Germany. His 
parents, Peter Joseph and Mary Katie (Neus) 
Dames, were born in the same land, and there died, 
the former at the age of sixty-three years, and the 
latter when seventy. Their family of eight children 
consisted of six sons and two daughters. Three 



of the sons and the two daughters are still liv- 
ing, the eldest and youngest of wlioin are residents 
of Europe. Catherine and Elizabeth are married, 
and the latter resides in Alton, III. Nicholas, the 
subject of this biography, is the next in order of 
birth. Peter .Joseph, who is married and lives in 
St. Louis, has three children. Simon is married, 
and has four children. The father of this family 
was a carpenter by trade, but during the latter 
years of his life turned his attention to farming, 
which he followed until bis death. 

On his father's old homestead, Nicholas Dames 
received practical instruction in farming, and to 
a certain extent attended the common schools. 
When twenty-four years of age he set out from 
home to seek his fortune in a strange land, lie 
was without any capital, and when he arrived in 
Missouri, whither he at once wended his way, iie 
obtained employment in Wellsbury, where his 
brother was then running a general store. He con- 
tinued to work for him the next six years, and 
carefully treasured the larger portion of his wages. 
On leaving his brother's emplrjy he had nearly 
« 1,000 as the result of his frugality and industry. 
With this little fortune he came to Portage Town- 
ship and invested it in land. The original tract 
purchased by him is still in his possession, and to 
this he has added until he now owns two hundred 
and twenly-tive acres of as tine land as can be 
found in this section. 

February (5, 1872, Mr. Dames married Miss Sarah, 
daughter of Tluunas and Catherine .Tarbc)e. Seven 
children were born to them, of whom there now 
survive Maiy, .lolin, Agnes and Cora. .Joseph, 
the eldest son. died December .3, 1894. An elder 
sister of Mrs. Sarah Dames, .Josephine liy name, is 
married and has seven children, while her younger 
sister, Amanda, now known as Sister Antonia, is a 
nun in the Ursuline Convent. .John, the only 
brother, is married and is a respected citizen of St. 
Charles County. Mrs. Sarah Dames departed this 
life December Li, 188(j. 

The second marriage of Mr. Dames, which was 
celebrated .July 10, 1888. united him with Miss 
Gustina Fehrig, who still shares and lightens her 
husband's burdens. She is one of nine children, 
whose parents were Lorenz and Margaret (Hart- 

mann) Fehrig. Three of tlicir sons and four of 
their daughters are still living, and are named as 
follows: .John, Lorenz. liernard. (Justina and 
Dora (twins), Francis and Theresa. Mr. and Mrs. 
Daujcs are members of the Catholic Church, and 
enjoy the sincere friendship of a large circle of 
accjuaintances. He uses his right of franchise in 
favor of the Democratic party, and is alw.iys to be 
found on the side of advanceincnl and the u|i- 
holding of the cause of liberty. 


JOHN (). KLUSMEYER, who owns a good 
farm on section 9, township li>. range 3, is 
one of the early settlers of Warren County, 
where the main portion of his life has been 
spent. His homestead, which is nicely improved 
with good buildings and substantial fences, com- 
prises two hundred acres. The proprietor is a jjiac- 
tical and progressive farmer, and uses the best and 
most advanced ideas in the operation of his place. 
The birth of our subject occurred in Germany, 
in 1838, he being the eldest son born to .John II. 
and Louisa (P>ickmeyer) Ivlusmeyer. The parents 
were likewise natives of the Fatherland, and spent 
the early years of their married life there. In 18.55 
they decided to make a home and seek a fortune 
in the Lnited States, and on their arrival on these 
western shores continued their journey to Warren 
County. They settled on a jilacc not far from the 
one on which their son, .lubii ()., is now living. 
The father was from that time until his death, 
which occurred in 1884. at the good old age 
of seventy-four years, cme of the successful agri- 
culturists of the community in which he dwelt, 
and was highly respected by his friends and neigh- 
bors. His good wife was called to her final rest 
several years before the death of her husband. 

Lntil fourteen years of age .John (). Ivlusmeyer 
attended the excellent schools of his native land, 
and subsequently worked on his father's farm. 
After coming to the United States he continued in 
his former vocation, which he has made his main 



business in life. With his family he holds m'em- 
lieiship witli the Evangelical Church, nnd contrib- 
utes liberally- of his means to its work and chari- 
ties. Politically he is always to be found on the 
side of the Democratic party, as ihe principles set 
forth by that organization coincide entirely with 
liis views on most questions. At present he is serv- 
ing as Postmaster of the village of Bernheimer, 
to which position he was appointed by President 

In 1865 Mr. Klusmej'er was married to Freder- 
icka, daughter of Anton and Christina (Leaving) 
Sundermeier. The latter were born in Germany, 
and became early residents of this county, wliere 
tliej' lived until claimed by death. To the mar- 
riage of our subject and wife have been born twelve 
children, four of wliom have passed to the better 
land. Those living are as follows: Bertha, who be- 
came the wife of Herman Niemeier, of this county'; 
HeniT, Charles, Herman, Carrie, Fritz, William and 
Hulda. With the exception of the eldest daugh- 
ter the children are all living with their parents, 
and those who have reached a suitable age are at- 
tending the school of the neighborhood. 


^0k^_ ^ 


a stanch supporter of the Democratic party, 
which has always received his ballot, has 
never been an aspirant for official honors, though 
he is making a most capable Justice of the Peace 
at the present time in Femme Osage Township, St. 
Charles County. The farm upon whicli he has his 
liome is located on section 33, township 45, range 
2, and was the original Daniel Boone claim. The 
old pioneer and hunter spent many daj's in this 
vicinity, and the Matson family have some rare 
trophies in their possession as reminders of the fa- 
mous old man. 

Our subject was born on the old homestead 
where he still lives, September 21, 1840, his parents 

being Abraham S. and Phoebe Ann (Coshow) Mat- 
son. The former was a native of Kentucky, and 
went with his parents to Pike County, Mo., when 
only three j'ears old. There he grew to man's es- 
tate, but early in the '30s he came to this coun- 
tj' and was here married. Mrs. Matson 's parents 
became residents of St. Charles Count}- in quite 
an earl}' daj^, and she was reared in this locality. 
One of her grand fatliers was killed in Kentucky 
b}' the Indians, in the fore part of this century. 
Abraham Matson is still living, being now in his 
eiglit^'-third year, while his estimable wife, who 
had attained her seventy-eighth year, died Jan- 
uary 24, 1895. 

W. H. Matson attended the subscription and 
public schools of this count}' in his boyhood, and 
for a time was a student in a German school in 
Franklin Count}', Mo. He was early inured to 
farm life, and followed that occupation until the 
first year of the war. In 1861 he enlisted in the 
Confederate service, as a member of Captain Moss' 
company of cavalry. At the end of six months 
of active service he joined Bledsoe's artillery, and 
was continuously engaged in active duty for three 
years and six montlis. Altogether he participated 
in more than thirty of the leading battles, besides 
innumerable skirmishes, in spite of which record 
he was never captured uor wounded. 

On leaving southern battlefields, Mr. Matson 
returned to the farm in this county and resumed 
agricultural pursuits. As time passed he added 
extensive tracts of land to his original acreage, 
and now has upwards of six hundred acres, all un- 
der cultivation. He is numlDered among the lead- 
ing stock and grain farmers in this section of the 
state, and is a thorough-going, progressive busi- 
ness man. 

In 1866 occurred the marriage of William Mat- 
son and Miss Leveria Webb, whose father is a na- 
tive of North Carolina, while her mother was born 
in Virginia. They are both still living, and have 
reared ten children to maturity. Of the family, 
Mrs. Matson is the fourth in order of birth, and 
the eldest daughter. The only child of our 
subject and wife, a son, to whom was given the 
name of William S., did not long linger with 
them, but died at the age of thirteen years. He 




was a bright and promising lad, and his place in 
the family circle can never be filled. In the com- 
munity where they dwell, Jlr. and Mrs. Malson 
have a host of sincere friends, whom the}' have 
won by their upright and conscientious lives, and 
by their genial and o|)('n-liearted hospitality. 

HENRY KEMPER, District Manager of the 
Mutual Life Insurance Company of New 
York, was born July 7, 1840, in the city 
of St. Charles, Mo. Mis father, Henry Kemper, Sr., 
emigrated to the United States in 1838, having 
been born in Melle, Hanover, Germany, in 1806. 
In 1834 he married Miss Catherine Specht, of Han- 
over, the result of this union being three daugh- 
ters, and one son — the suliject of this sketch. A 
few years after the death of his father, in July, 
1843, his mother married her second husband, 
Adolph Kemper, (iod blessing this union with a 
son and daughter, both now deceased. 

Henry Kemper received his early education in 
the parochial schools of St. Charles, then attended 
the St. Louis University for several years, and 
after finishing the course of instruction conducted 
in this world-renowned college, he concluded his 
business course at Jones Commercial College of 
that city, from which he was graduated in 1858. 
He was launched into public life at the age of 
nineteen years, holding his first position as deputj' 
in the office of Charles A. Mantz, who was then 
Clerk of the Land Court of the city of St. Louis. 
Leaving St. Louis, he became associated with Lind- 
say & Melkersman, dry-goods merchants at St. 
Charles. Two years later Air. Lindsay retired, 
and the firm took in A. R. Huning, of St. Louis, 
and changed the name to Melkersman, Kemper 
& Co. After a few years it again changed, when 
Mr. Melkersman retired, and Kemper A Iluning 
carried on the business for a number of years, and 
then dissolved partnership. 

Mr. Kemper purchased the store of Richard Rob- 
inson and conducted a successful dry-goods Inisi- 

ness until 1873, when he abandoned mercantile 
life altogether. In 1874 he was a candidate for 
the office of County Collector, and came out vic- 
torious, regardless of the fact that there were seven 
parties in the race. He held this office for two 
years, when he made another venture for Llie same 
position in the year 187f), but was defeated by a 
small majority. Two years later he again became 
an as[)irant, and in 1878 was elected to the otilce 
by a large majority. He was re-elected in 1880 
by a majority of nine hundred and eighty-five, 
thus holding his third term of office, after which 
he withdrew from political life. 

Bidding farewell to his office, Mr. Kemper lost 
no daj's in idleness, but spent a year of his time 
and attention in untiring efforts toward advanc- 
ing the cit3''s interests. He established a Hoard 
of Trade, and through his iiifiucnce succeeded in 
secuiinga number of commercial enterprises to lo- 
cate in this city, among which are the St. C'harles 
Tob.acco Fiictory (one of the largest tobacco fac- 
tories west of the Missouri River), the St. Charles 
Variety and Woodwork Company, etc. He was a 
prime mover in starting the St. Charles County 
Driving Park and Fair Association, the meetings 
of which are held annually, and, as a member of its 
first Board, saw it successfully conducted. After 
remaining Secretary and Treasurer of the tobacco 
factory for two years, he turned his whole atten- 
tion to life insurance, being made District Slan- 
ager of the Mutual Life Insurance Com|>any of 
New Y'ork, which position he still holds, ranking as 
one of the best and foremost agents of this grand 
old company, whose assets exceed 1200,000,000. 

During all these j-ears Mr. Kemper had not 
trodden life's pathway alone, but July 111, 18G4, 
had joined hands and heart with Miss Kate Alice 
Dowling, Rev. Father Oakley performing the mar- 
riage ceremony in the Old Rock Church of St. 
Charles Borromeo Parish. Miss Dowling was boru 
in Cork, Ireland, June 24, 1843, and was the 
daughter of Edmund Dowling, a native of Dublin, 
Ireland, and Anna Savage, who claims Cork as 
her birthplace. Mrs. Kemper was one of a family 
of nine children, having five brothers and three 
sisters. Coming to America when a mere child, 
she educated at the Uisuline Convent in New 



York, and spent her early life in tbat city. In 
1862 she left there, and, coming West, stopped for 
a 3'ear in St. Louis, then married and established 
an extensive millinery business, from which she re- 
tired after j'ears of financial success. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kemper have four daughters: May 
Frances, who married Edward L. Meyer, a promi- 
nent business nian of St. Charles, and a member of 
the firm of A. &. E. Meyer, jewelers; Anna G., a 
graduate of the Academy of the Sacred Heart 
Convent at St. Charles, Mo., and the wife of O. J. 
Marten, Assistant Cashier of the St. Charles Sav- 
ings Bank; Julia T., the wife of George B. Walker, 
editor of the Moberly Democrat, of Moberly, Mo.; 
and Kate, the youngest daughter, who is quite a 
noted vocalist, and is dearly loved bj' all who 
know her for her wonderfully melodious voice. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kemper and family are devout mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church, and the daughters 
were educated at the Convent of the Sacred Heart. 

PHILIP VIERLING is one of the worthy 
German-American citizens of St. Charles 
Count}', and owns a good homestead in 
township 46, range 3. His farm comprises one 
hundred and sixtj^-seven acres of improved land, 
all of which is under cultivation with the excep- 
tion of thirtj' acres. For nearly a quarter of a 
century he has devoted himself to agricultural pur- 
suits in this localitj', and is justly considered one 
of the leading farmers of his township. 

Born in Baden, Germany, August 13, 1840, our 
subject is a son of Philip and Marj^ Anna (Vier- 
ling) Vierling, who were also both natives of the 
same province. The father was born in Maj', 1806, 
while his wife's birth occurred in the following 
November. In the Fatherland the senior Mr. Vier- 
ling learned the weaver's trade, and worked indus- 
triously at his calling until he became a resident of 
the United States. In 1847, with his wifeand four 
children, he set sail for America, and on arriving 
at New York City proceeded westward to Zanes- 

ville, Ohio. There the family lived for a 3-ear and 
a-half, during which time the father worked at 
various occupations whereb}- he might make a liv- 
ing for himself and those dependent upon him. 
Concluding that the}- could do better in Missouri, 
they then went to St. Louis, where they continued 
to live for six months, after which they came to 
this county. For three years the father worked 
as a farm hand, and then rented a place one mile 
south of Cottleville. After cultivating that farm 
for three years, thej' came to make their abode on 
the place now owned by our subject. This com- 
prised one hundred acres, to which was afterward 
added an additional fifteen acres. The parents, 
who were industrious and worthy people, here 
made their home until called from the family cir- 
cle bj' death. Mrs. Vierling departed this life in 
1872. and her husband followed her to the silent 
land three years later. 

Philip Vierling, whose name heads this sketch, is 
the second youngest of four children, all of whom 
were born in Germany. Susan, the eldest, became 
the wife of .John Meyers, who was en gaged in farm- 
ing in Vernon County, Mo. Catherine, who mar- 
ried John Rupp, is novv living in Cottleville, her 
husband having died in 188t). Hannah, Mrs. Au- 
gust Stuermer, is living on a farm in Vernon 
County, Mo. 

Until he reached manhood, our subject gave his 
assistance to his father in the farm work, and en- 
deavored to gain a practical education. In 1871 he 
married Miss Mary, daughter of Jacob and Cath- 
erine Schneider, all natives of Baden, German3^ 
In that province occurred the birth of Mrs. Vier- 
ling, August 12, 1848. Soon after their marriage 
the 3-oung couple settled on the farm now owned 
by our subject. This place he rented from his fa- 
ther, and three years later he purchased the home- 
stead. In 1876 he bought a tractof flft3'-two acres 
more, lying in the same township, thus making his 
possessions altogether one hundred and sixt3'-seven 
acres. His farms are well improved and 3'ield a 
good income to the owner. 

Six children have come to bless the home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Vierling. They are all living at home 
with their parents, and are receiving good public- 
school educations, Philip, Jr., was born October 



2, 1872; Edward, February 16, 1874; Julia, Sep- 
tember 27, 1875; George, March 27, 1877; Katie, 
July 25, 1881; and Talitlia, December 20, 1883. 
The parents are botli faithful members of the Lu- 
theran Evangelical Churcli of Cottle vi lie, and aie 
active in all good works and enterprises. Politic- 
ally our subject deposits his ballot in favor of Re- 
publican nominees and measures. 

_ — ^-©. 


young man of superior ability and pleas- 
ing address, is pastor of the Jladison 
Street Presbyterian Church of St. Charles, having 
assumed charge of this congregation on the 1st 
of October, 1894. He is a native of Virginia, 
and was born at lielle Isle, twenty-two miles east 
of Richmond, on the 12th of March, 1860. His 
birthplace is onl}- twelve miles from Windsor 
Shades, on the Chickahoniin^- River, the highest 
point on that river which Capt. John Smith, of 
Colonial fame, is supposed to have reached before 
making any removal of trees from the stream. 
Four miles north of Belle Isle stands St. Peter's 
Church, the oldest in the state, and the one where 
George Washington worshiped. 

Dr. Samuel P. Christian, the father of our sub- 
ject, was born in Cool Well, New Kent County, Va. 
In early life he was a physician, and during the 
war served as surgeon at Sealirooke's Hospital, 
where he attended Federal prisoners. At the fall 
of Richmond, when the Federal troops took pos- 
session of the city, he was arrested, and without 
being allowed an opportunity to explain who he 
was, he was placed in Libby Prison, which had 
then been taken charge of l)y the Federal authori- 
ties. At the expiration of three days, the Union 
authorities learned that he had been a suigeon in 
Seabrooke's Hospital, and he w-as at once set free. 

At the close of the war Dr. Christian retired from 
professional practice, and he then became a teacher 
in the pultlic schools. Later he was elected Super- 
intendent of the Schools of New Kent and Charles 

City Counties, which office he held until 1882. 
From that date until 1889 he resided upon the old 
home farm, but has since made his home with his 
sons in Roanoke. He is the son of Dr. John Fleming 
and Sarah A. (Pleasants) Christian, natives respect- 
ively of New Kent County and Richmond, Va., 
the latter being of (Quaker parentage. The grand- 
father was a physician by profession, and dur- 
ing his active life conducted a large practice. His 
death occurred about 1848. He was a son of Dr. 
Collier Christian, a member of the medical profes- 
sion in the same county. The faliier of the latter, 
John Christian, whose ancestors came to America 
from Scandinavia in Colonial days, was a veiy 
))ious member of the Methodist Church. 

The mother of our subject was Amelia Coleman, 
daughter of John Newton and Louisa (Coleman) 
Gordon, the latter of whom died a few 3ears ago, 
at the advanced age of eiglit^'-one. Her father 
was an officer in the Revolutionary War, and in 
the battle of iMitaw Springs was cut down by a 
British sabre. After the battle the wounded man 
crawled to a deserted cabin, where he was found 
b}' an old colored woman, who skillfully attended 
to his needs. John Newton Gordon was born and 
reared in Gordonsville, a town founded by his fa- 
ther. In early life he went to Richmond, where 
he conducted a wholesale business in metals and 
groceries. It was customaiy for grocers to carry a 
stock of wines and liquors, but becoming convinced 
that this was wrong, he rolled the barrels into the 
street and broke them open. He was a successful 
business man. During the destruction of Rich- 
mond his residence was the last one to be burned, 
although it was situated only a block from the 
State House. At the time of the capture of Rich- 
mond our subject was with his parents and grand- 
parents in the city, and well remembers the excit- 
ing scenes of those days. An uncle of our subject, 
E. C. Gordon, D. D., is now President of West- 
minster College, at Fulton, Mo. 

The early education of Rev. C. G. Christian was 
obtained in the country schools of his native place. 
At the age of seventeen he began to te.ach school, 
which he continued for one session, and subse- 
quently was engaged in agricultural pursuits until 
the fall of 1885. Going to Richmond in Septem- 



ber of that year, he took a course in law under 
Prof. Samuel Davies. Prior to this he had studied 
by himself for a year, and in the spring of 1886 
he was duly admitted to the Virginia Bar. After 
a summer spent on the old homestead he com- 
menced the practice of his profession in Richmond. 
In September, 1889, he entered the Union Theo- 
logical Seminary of Prince Edward County, Va., 
where he studied for one year. During the next 
three years he was a student in Hampden Sidney 
College, and after another year in the seminary he 
was licensed to preach by the East Hanover Pres- 
bytery of Virginia. 

Immediately after receiving his license. Rev. Mr. 
Christian came to Missouri, and early in Maj' was 
placed in charge of the churches of Versailles, Mor- 
gan County, and Tuscumbia, Miller Count3^ In 
September he was called to his present pastorate, 
and entered upon his duties the 1st of the follow- 
ing October. In politics he is a Democrat, and 
socially is a member of Pleasant Lodge, A. F. & 
A. M., at Roanoke, Va. 



JOSEPH A. PAGE, one of the native sons of 
Lincoln County, was born near Auburn, April 
15, 1846, and owns a desirable farm, com- 
prising eighty acres located in township 50, 
range 1. Tliis is a portion of what was known as 
tiie Graves farm, but only twenty acres of the 
tract was under cultivation when Mr. Page became 
its owner. He has since cleared it all, with the ex- 
ception of eight acres, and has made many good 

The parents of Joseph A. were John W. N. and 
Louisa (Graves) Page, who were both born in 
Nelson Count}', Va. The former's birth occurred 
May 6, 1807, the latter's November 27, 1808, and 
their marriage took place in their native county, 
November 20, 1826. The father of John W. was 
William Page, a life-long agriculturist of Nelson 
County. John W. Page was an only child, and as 
his parents died when he was quite young his 

grandmother brought liim up at her home. After 
his marriage he engaged in farming and wagon- 
making in the Old Dominion until November, 
9, 1840, when, with his wife and six children, he 
started for Missouri in a wagon. After a short 
stop at St. Louis he came to this county, where he 
had some relatives living. He settled near old F't. 
Spring (not far from Auburn), and continued to 
operate this farm until his death, whicii occurred 
m 1885. His widow remained at the old home for 
three years, then coming to spend her declining 
years with our subject, at whose home she died 
July 12, 1892. 

John W. N. and Louisa Page were the parents 
of ten children, only four of whom are living. 
Louisa Ann, born December 24, 1825, died July 
17, 1861. She was the wife of John Harris, who is 
also deceased. John W. A., born September 1, 1827, 
died in infancy; James Thomas, born October 26, 
1831, also died in infancy; Arzella, born March 10, 
1835, married James Crenshaw, and both are de- 
ceased ; William Tucker, born July 25, 1838, married 
Sarah Sitton, and resides in Los Angeles Count}', 
Cal.; Spotsward Edward, born in August, 1840, mar- 
ried Sarah A. Turner, and is farming near Wliite- 
sides; Louisa, born in 1841, died August 27, 1855; 
Joseph A. is the subject of this narrative; John J., 
born June 24, 1849, married Maggie Chasens, and 
lives in Washington County, Mo.; and Alone L., 
born October 2, 1851, died February 4, 1852. 

Joseph A. Page gave his time to his father, and 
was of great assistance in the management of the 
old farm, until he was twenty-two years of age. 
He then married Miss Mary Alice Graves, who was 
born in Lincoln County, October 6, 1853, and 
whose parents, Thomas A. and Nanc}' (Nalley) 
Graves, are represented elsewhere in this work. 
As all of his brothers and sisters had left home, 
Mr. Page lived with his mother two years after his 
marriage. He then removed to the Graves farm, 
where he resided for two years, after which lie 
leased a tract of land on Mill Creek, near Silex. 
At the end of five years he purchased his present 
farm from the Graves estate. Here his wife was 
called to her final rest, November 24, 1893, leav- 
ing four children to mourn her loss. William Nich- 
olas, born April 15, 1872, died May 7, 1873; and 



Annie Arzella, whose birth occurred March 30, 
1875, died May 30, 1 883. Nancy Louisa, the eldest 
cliild, W.1S born May 17, 1870, and tlic others as 
follows: Willa May, .July 17, 1881; .John Thomas, 
October 28, 1887; and Thom.ij. Edward, iSIay 7, 

Mr. Page has never been an ollicer-secker, but 
has alwa3-s voted the straight Democratic ticket. 
During the war he belonged to the militia, or 
Home Guards, under Captain T.ague, but was never 
called into action. Since 1883 he has been a mem- 
ber of Burr O.ok Lodge No. 348, I. O. O. F. Re- 
ligiously he holds membership with the Christian 
Church, to which his Trife, a most amiable and 
lovely woman, also belonged. 

— 5- 

— <gi^ 



JOHN B. DORAIS, an enterprising business 
man and farmer, who owns a good homestead 
in townshi|) 47, range 2, St. Charles County, 
has become wealthy by the exercise of his 
native characteristics of thrift and industry. For 
a number of years he has derived a good income 
from the sale of lumber to railroads for track con- 
struction. To supply the demand in this direction 
he has cut ofT the heav}' timber on his own farm, 
.as well as other available forests in various por- 
tions of this township. As an agriculturist he is 
practical and progressive, and in his relations with 
his neighbors he is most friendly and popular. 

Louis Dorais, the father of our subject, was born 
in Canada, near the city of Montreal, and in 1839 
c.ame to St. Louis. He was a poor boy, and worked 
by the day at whatever he could find to do for the 
next three years. At the end of that time he ob- 
tained a position in a flouring-mill in St. Charles, 
and was there emplojed for three years. After- 
wards he engaged in ferrying across the Missouri 
at St. Charles. This occupation he carried on for 
about three years, making some money in the ven- 
ture, and then sold out his interest. Becoming 
smitten with the gold fever, he went to California 
in 1848, and after tlirec 3'ears returned with nearly 

$10,000 as the result of his trip. He invested this 
in buying up grain from St. Charles County fann- 
ers and selling the same to the Mormons in Illi- 
nois. This was an unsuccessful undertaking, and 
he lost the main portion of his money. For two 
years he then gave his attention to farming. This 
notbeingquite to his taste, he took up railroading 
on the old North Missouri Railroad. For twenty- 
one years he worked at a good salary and man- 
aged to lay aside a considerable sum. During his 
railroad life he ran a stationary engine, pumping 
water up a hill near Peruque Creek into tanks, with 
which to furnish engines. For some time he was 
also bridge watchman, and as the engine consumed 
wood for fuel he sawed all that was needed, and 
thus saved expense. On several occasions he in- 
vested money in farm land and rented the same to 
good tenants. His last years were passed on one 
of these farms in Dardenne Township. His death 
resulted from heart disease, at the age of sixty-six 

On reaching man's estate Louis Dorais married 
Rosella Corb3', by whom he had six sons and seven 
daughters. Eight of the number are still living. 
John B. is the eldest. Madora became the wife of 
James Watts, a farmer, and has eight children. 
Philomene married George Piice, who is a prosper- 
ous agriculturist of Dardenne Township, and they 
have eight children. Louis for his wife and help- 
mate chose Miss Essie Roberts, and they have two 
sons and a daughter. He is a prosperous farmer 
in Denver Township, where he owns two hundred 
acres of fine land. Leo married Katie Bryan and 
has a bright little son. In conjunction with his 
next younger brother, Paul, he operates the old 
homestead, which he owns. Emily, wife of Joseph 
Dickherber, has a little girl. Mr. Dickherber is a 
farmer, and engaged in carrying on a place owned 
by his father. The youngest child, Christy, who 
is only thirteen years of age, lives with her mother 
on the old home farm. 

John B. Dorais was born in the city of St. Charles 
June 17, 1855. Such educational advantages as 
he had were merely those of the common schools, 
and he gave his time to his father until after he 
had reached his majorit3'. Then, embarking in 
business for himself, he rented a farm, and in ad- 



dition to work pertaining thereto has de- 
voted much attention to stock-raising, in whicli he 
has been unusual]}' successful. At the end of four 
years as a renter he was able to buy land of his 
own. He has since enlarged the boundaries of his 
farm several times and is now proprietor of two 
hundred and sixty acres. 

January 23, 1883, occurred the marriage of Mr. 
Dorais and Augusta Treinmuth, of St. Louis. She 
is a daughter of August and Rhoda (Nichols) 
Treinmuth, old and respected residents for manj' 
years of Denver Township. Mr. and Mrs. Dorais 
have six children, as follows: Rosa, Louis, Johnny, 
Pliilip, Bassalej- and Katie. They are living at 
home and the older ones are attending school in 
the neighborhood. In politics Mr. Dorais is a Dem- 
ocrat. Botli he and his wife are members of the 
Catholic Congregation, and are held in the highest 
respect by all who know them. 

JOHN E. BRUERE, M. D.,in years of practice, 
is the oldest physician in St. Charles, and has 
long borne an enviable reputation for his 
medical skill. He was born in the city of 
Cologne, on the Rhine, in German}', November 29, 
1836, and passed his boyhood in tlie Fatherland, 
there receiving a fair elementary education. 

The parents of the Doctor, John E. and Wilhel- 
mina (Jaeger) Bruere, were also natives of Ger- 
many. The father, who was born in a Rhenish 
province, followed the profession of architecture, 
and for years was a contractor, conducting a re- 
munerative business. His wife. Wilhelmina, was 
born near Frankfort-on-the-Main. John E. Bruere, 
Sr., died in the prime of life, after which his wife 
and family removed to Hesse-Darmstadt, the date 
of their emigration being 1841, when the Doctor 
was a lad of only five years. He and his brothers 
were educated in Darmstadt, and there he con- 
tinued to reside until the year 1852. His brother 
Theodore had come to the United States in 1850, 
and for this country the Doctor set forth with an- 

other brother in 1852. The remainder of the fam- 
ily followed the next year, and came direct to St. 

The first winter after his arrival was spent b}' 
our subject in Augusta, Mo. The next spring he 
went to St. Louis, and for a few months worked 
at the carpenter's trade. In August, 1853, he was 
engaged by Dr. A. Litton to act as Assistant Chem- 
ist in the laboratory of the State Geological De- 
partment, a position he was well qualified to fill, as 
he had studied chemistry at Darmstadt. A part of 
his time was spent in collecting specimens and 
making investigations at various points, and the 
remainder of the time he was employed in the 
laboratory of the St. Louis Medical College. Dur- 
ing the five j-ears of his connection witli that in- 
stitution the young chemist studied medicine, and 
in 1858 was graduated from the same college. 
Subsequently he went abroad to complete his med- 
ical education, pursuing his studies in Berlin, 
Wurtzburg, Prague and Paris. 

In December, 1859, Dr. Bruere returned to the 
United States and located in St. Charles, which he 
has ever since made his home. In July of the 
following year he was instrumental in organizing 
the Home Guards of Warren and St. Charles Coun- 
ties, which are known on the Government record 
as the "St. Charles and Warren Counties Reserve 
Corps." In this undertaking he was associated with 
the late Arnold Krekel. The Doctor was elected 
Surgeon at Camp Bates August 6, 1861, and served 
until the battalion was mustered out, January 10, 
1862. Later he received the appointment of Sur- 
geon to the First Battalion Cavalry, Missouri State 
Militia, which was mustered out of service Novem- 
ber 22, 1862. Since that time he has practiced 
uninterruptedly in St. Charles. 

November 29, 1862, our subject wedded Miss 
Cornelia, daughter of Dr. Henry Schoeneich, a 
native of Poland. He was one of the patriots of 
1833, who, under Kosciusko, struggled to free his 
nation from Russian tyranny and oppression. Mrs. 
Bruere was born in Paris, 111., April 1, 1843, and by 
her marriage has become the mother of nine chil- 
dren, all of whom are living. 

In his political belief the Doctor is a loyal Re- 
publican, and was a standi supporter of the cause 



ill (la^s when it was rather hazardous to express 
hi.s conviction;'. Nevertheless he has steadily re- 
frained from accepting otHcial honors, as he pre- 
fers to keep clear of political entanglemeuts and 
has found his lime fully occuiiied in his profes- 
sional duties. 

' ^# P ' . 

(Tpr NTON SCIiWOEPPE, a prominent agricul- 
/ — \ turist and stock-raiser, residing ou section 
25, township 45, range 2, AVarren County, 
is a native of Germany, and was born June 19, 
1845. He is the youngest child in a family of 
two children born unto .Jacob and Elizabeth (Lifte- 
feld) Schwoeppe. The parents were also natives of 
Germany, and spent the greater part of their lives 
in the Fatherland, where the}^ were married, and 
where their children were all born. In 1849 Jacob 
Schwoeppe, with his family and a number of friends, 
bade farewell to their native land and crossed the 
broad Atlantic to seek a home in this, our own 
free and glorious country. Upon their arrival in 
America, they came direct to Missouri, and located 
in St. Charles Count}-, where they remained seven 
years. They then came to Warren Count}', and 
purchased the farm where our subject now resides, 
and where they spent the remainder of their lives. 
He was a hard-working, industrious farmer, living 
a quiet, unassuming home life, and respected by all 
who knew him. Ills death occurred Januai'y 18, 
1870, at the age of fifty-eight years. His wife, 
Elizabeth, died January 7, 1874, at the age of six- 
ty-seven 3'ears. They were mourned as unselfish, 
affectionate parents, obliging neighbors and good 

Anton and Ilenr}- Schwoeppe were reared on a 
farm, and received their education in the public 
schools of Augusta, in St. Charles County. Their 
boyhood and youth passed without any unusual 
event taking place other than falls to the lot of 
the average farmer bo)'. They took an active part 
in the sports and pleasures of their vicinity, and 
assisted their father in the home work of the farm. 
After the death of their i)arents tliev continued to 

live on the old homestead, vliere the}' shared alike 
in the [iroceeds of the farm for a number of years. 

November 8, 1866, Henry Schwoeppe, the elder 
brother, was married to Miss Annie Krete, who was 
born in Holland, and was brought to America by 
her parents when only nine months old. Her fa- 
ther died in New Orleans, where they had settled, 
leaving only one child. After his death his widow 
married Joiiii Smith, and removed to St. Louis, in 
which city she died when Annie was only eight 
years old. On her mother's death, kind friends, 
Mr. and Mrs. Kebold, took the little girl to Wash- 
ington, Mo., on St. John's Island. Here she was 
reared and educated, remaining with her foster 
parents until she was nineteen years of age, when 
her marriage to Henry Schwoeppe took place. 
May 3, 1877, eleven years after her marriage, she 
was bereaved by the loss of her husband, a loving, 
thoughtful helpmate and father. At the time of 
his death he was thirt3--six years old, having been 
born February 12, 1841. To him and his wife 
were born four children: Elizabeth, the wife of 
Albert Sander, and who was born February 28, 
18G8; Idea, born May 11, 1870, and who died Au- 
gust 23, 1870, at the age of three months; Anton 
Heni'}' William, born December 24, 1871; and 
Louisa Mary, born March 12, 1876. 

On the death of Henry Schwoeppe, which oc- 
curred when his brother Anton was thirtj'-two, the 
latter was left sole manager of the estate, and Sep- 
tember 4, 1877, he married his brother's widow. By 
this marriage one child was born, Francis, who died 
Deceralier 12, 1878, at the age of six months, its 
birth having occurred June 9, 1878. Two children 
of Mrs. Schwoeppe by her former marriage, William 
and Louisa, are still at home. Elizabeth, Mrs. Al- 
bert Sander, the eldest daughter, resides on the old 
homestead, which her husband farms. They have 
two children: Henry, born July 9, 1890; and Will- 
iam, born August 23, 1893. 

By his energetic, industrious habits and good 
business management, our subject has added to 
his possessions until he now is the owner of over 
four hundred acres of valuable land, part of which 
is situated in the Missouri River Bottom, and part 
in Saline County. The land is very rich and fer- 
tile, nicely improved, and all under a high state of 



cultivation. Mr. Schwoeppc is one of the leading 
grain and stock farmers of AVarren Count}-, hav- 
ing made both the above lines of industry a 
specialty, and is widely known throughout the 
county and liighly respected bj^ all who know him. 
He and his estimable familj- are all members of 
the Roman Catholic Church, and take a deep in- 
terest in religious affairs. In his political connec- 
tions, he is a Democrat, and is actively interested 
in the political questions of the daj- and the suc- 
cess of his chosen party, although never having 
aspired to any public honors for himself. He is 
public-spirited and in favor of anything that will 
elevate and improve tlie moral and social standard 
of the community. 


JOHN GUTERMUTH is engaged in general 
farming and stock-raising on his well im- 
proved and highly cultivated farm, which is 
located two miles west of Cottleville, St. 
Charles County. He is a native of Germany, but 
since seven 3'ears of age has been a resident of this 
county and identified with its progress. His farm, 
consisting of eighty-four acres, is situated in town- 
ship 46, range 3, and bears evidence of the care 
and thrift of the owner. 

John and Maria (Reiffer) Gutermuth, the par- 
ents of our subject, were likewise natives of Ger- 
many, where the>' passed their early married life. 
In 1860 the}' determined to seek a home in the 
United States, that their children miglit have bet- 
ter advantages and a fair start in the world. 
Upon arriving on the shores of the New World, 
the}- proceeded direct to this county, where they 
rented a small farm, situated one mile northeast of 
Cottleville. After living there two years they 
removed to a farm one mile south of the village, 
and for four years continued industriously and 
economically laying aside such sums of money as 
they could spare. As soon as enough had been 
accumulated the father purchased a farm of one 
hundred acres three miles northwest of Cottleville. 

Here he and his wife dwelt until they were claimed 
by death, he .June 29, 1891, and she .luly 11, 1893. 

With the exception of two, the eleven children 
born to .John and Maria Gutermuth are still liv- 
ing. Gertrude, who became the wife of Frederick 
Honna, resides two and one-half miles from Cot- 
tleville; Adam, whose wife was formerly Miss Chris- 
tina Koth, lives on a farm a like distance west 
of the village; Lizzie married John E. Miller, a 
farmer living two and one-half miles northwest of 
O'Fallon ; Katie, Mrs. Conrad Berthold, is a resident 
of this township; .John, our subject, is the fifth in 
the family; Conrad, whose home is near Cottleville, 
married Lizzie Zerr; Margaret became the wife 
of Herman Stephens, a farmer in this township; 
Henry, whose farm is near that of our subject, mar- 
ried Frances P^arr; and John Frederick, who operates 
the old homestead, chose as his wife Miss Alice M. 
Wentz. One child died in infancy unnamed; and 
the youngest, August, died when about a year old. 
With the exception of the three youngest, who 
were born in this county, all the children were 
educated in the German schools. 

John Gutermuth, Jr., was born July 22, 1853, 
a short distance west of the city of Gunthaven, 
Germany, and was reared to farm life. He con- 
tinued to live with his parents on the old farm 
until 1881, when he married Miss Sophia, daugh- 
ter of John and Mary Ivoth, both natives of the 
I^'atherland, but whose demise occurred in St. 
Charles County. Five children were born to the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Gutermuth, namely: John 
Herrcan, whose birth occurred April 25, 1882; 
Christina, who died at the age of one year; Au- 
gust Conrad, Theodore and Blatilda. The four 
living children are attending school in the neigh- 
borhood and are making good progress in their 

Shortly after his marriage Mr. Gutermutli rent- 
ed a farm three miles northeast of Cottleville, 
where he remained a short time. For nearly a 
year previous to this he and his wife lived at the 
home of her parents. In 1883 he bought the farm 
where he now lives, consisting of eighty-four acres, 
and he has since given his earnest attention to its 
cultivation. He is a practical farmer, well ac- 
quainted with the best methods in use, and is not 



averse to adopting modern ideas in the manage- 
ment of his place. Politically he is a Republican, 
and takes conunundable interest in the advance- 
ment of his parly. ReligiousI}' he and his wife 
are identified with tiie Lutiieran Evangelical 
Church of Cottleville, to wliich they subscribe 

zen of St. Charles C 
retired life at Foristi 

an old and respected cili- 
Count}-, is now living a 
^^ retired life at Foristell. He was born in the 
province of Wurtemberg, German}-, August 
1, 1828, and when a young man of about twenty- 
six j-ears of age he bade adieu to his friends and 
Fatherland and took passage in a sailing-vessel 
bound for America. Arriving in St. Louis in No- 
vember, 1854, he continued to dwell in that me- 
tropolis for about five j-ears, during which time he 
followed his trade, that of shoeraaking. In 1859 
he concluded to try his fortune in the vicinity of 
Foristell. For the past thirty-five j-ears this place 
has been his home, and Iiis principal occupation 
has been that of shoemaking. By untiring indus- 
try and strict economy he has won success,and has 
acquired a comfortable competence for old age. 
When he first found himself in St. Louis he had 
barely $1 in his pocket, but he was brave-hearted 
and undaunted by poverty-, and soon was on his 
way to a position of respect and affluence. 

The parents of our subject were John G. and 
Rosina (Hartmann) Schatz, whose faniil}- com- 
prised SIX children, three sons and three daughters. 
With the exception of our subject, none of the 
famil}' ever came to the United States, but con- 
tinued to dwell until their demise in the land of 
their birth. 

In 1855 .TohnG. Schatz was married in St. Louis 
to Miss Mary Keborz, who was born in Switzer- 
land, and who sailed for America in the same ves- 
sel as did her future husband. Two sons and two 
daughters have been born of this union. John, the 
eldest, whose birth occurred in Si. Louis, married 
Minnie Oehler, of that city, and is now a merchant 

of this place; Emma married Henry V. Higgin- 
botham, station agent at Foristell; Emil married 
Miss Mary Jones, of SI. Louis, and is engaged in 
merchandising; and Lizzie, who is unmarried, is a 
telegraph operator at Graham, St. Louis County. 

One of the ambitions of our subject was to give 
his children the best educational privileges in his 
power, and he has assisted them to become success- 
ful in business, and to perform creditably all those 
duties which devolve upon loyal and respected 
citizens of this country. In politics he uses his 
right of franchise in favor of Republican princi- 
ples and candidates, and he has been an ardent 
supporter of the party since casting his first Presi- 
dential vote for Abraham Lincoln. In company 
with bis good wife he holds membership with the 
Lutheran Church. 

of St. Charles County is best told in the 
record of its citizens, and it gives us pleas- 
ure to place on the pages of this volume an outline 
of tiie life of a prominent and successful attorney 
of Wentzville, who was born in this locality and 
has here spent the greater portion of his life. His 
reputation is widespread as a wise counselor and 
an able exponent of the principles and precedents 
on which the laws of the land are b.ased. He is 
studious in his profession, and has made it a habit 
to do thorough and systematic reading, both legal 
and miscellaneous, in consequence of which be is 
well informed upon all current topics. 

Referring to tlie personal history of our subject 
we find that he was born near Wentzville, Mo., 
June 30, 1846. He represents the fourth genera- 
lion of the family in America, his father's parents 
having come from Ireland to this country in child- 
hood, settling in North Carolina. Little is known 
concerning his maternal ancestors, other than the 
fact that they were of Knglish birth and were 
represented in North Carolina early in the history 
of that state. Grandfather May was an officer in the 



War of 1812, and through his service in that con- 
flict gained the title of Captain, by which he was 
familiarly known. 

The parents of our subject, Warreu and Mary B. 
(May) Walker, were natives of Rockingham Coun- 
ty, N. C, whence, about 1830, they removed to Mis- 
souri, settling in St. Charles County. Purchas- 
ing a tract of land, the father cleared and de- 
veloped this into a first-class farm, one of the best 
in the locality. Here he remained, occupied in 
agricultural work, until his death, which occurred 
February 17, 1863. His family consisted of eight 
ciiildi'en, of whom the three survivors are residents 
of St. Charles County. One son enlisted in the 
Confederate army during the late war and served 
with fidelity and valor until its close, dying four 
j'ears afterward, in 1869. 

The rudiments of his education Mr. Walker ac- 
quired in the Rockingham schoolhouse near Wentz- 
ville, a building erected by liis father on the home 
farm, and by him named in honor of the old coun- 
ty in North Carolina from which he and many of 
the families in the neighborhood had removed. 
Of this school Charles J. was a pupil until about 
seventeen 3^ears of age. In 1865 he entered Cen- 
tral College, at Fayette, Mo., where he remained 
one 3'ear. In 1866-67 he was a student at Pritchett 
Institute, Glasgow, Mo., and upon leaving that 
school he entered Dartmouth College, at Hanover, 
N. H., in the fall of 1868, graduating from that 
institution in 1870. Meantime, in the fall of 
1869 and spring of 1870, he taught the Point 
Prairie School, two miles west of his old home. 
Graduating, the degree of A. B. was conferred 
upon him by Dartmouth College. 

Upon the conclusion of his literary studies, Mr. 
Walker spent three years as a teacher in Pritchett 
Institute at Glasgow, leaving there in 1873. He 
then came to Wentzville and read law, being ad- 
mitted to the Bar in 1874, and has since conducted 
a large practice in this place. Though a Democrat, 
and always active in behalf of the political prin- 
ciples of his adoption, yet he is superior to party 
prejudices, and allows them to have no weight in 
liis social and professional relations. The only 
office for which he has been a candidate is that of 
Public Administrator of St. Charles County, which 

position lie now holds. He has a good private 
library, and from that and other sources has kept 
himself abreast with the times upon matters of 
current interest, especially those pertaining to 
economic, social and political welfare. 

A Mason socially, Mr. Walker has for several 
years served as Deputy Grand Master and is the 
present incumbent of that office. He is also a 
member of the Ancient Order of United Workmen 
and the Knights of Honor. 

December 29, 1880, he was united in marriage 
with Miss Hattie F. Shore, who was born in St. 
Charles County, but at the time of her marriage 
resided in Trenton, III. She is the daughter of 
Benjamin R. Shore, a former resident and druggist 
of St. Charles. One daughter and three sons, all 
of whom are at home, comprise the family circle. 
They are Mary S., Charles .1., Benjamin S. and 
Thomas Lee. Mr. and Mrs. Walker are members 
of tlie Methodist Episcopal Church South, and he 
has held the office of Sunday-school Superinten- 
dent for twenty years. Their home is in a desir- 
able neighborhood, with attractive surroundings, 
and is one of the hospitable abodes of the city. 




WILLIAM WOLF is a veteran of the iate 
War of the Rebellion, having enlisted 
at the beginning of the conflict and 
served faithfully until the close. He was born on 
the old homestead, which he now owns and carries 
on, and which was willed to him by his father. 
This farm, which numbers one hundred and ten 
acres within its boundaries, is situated one mile 
south of Cottleville, in township 46, range 3, and 
eighty acres of the farm are now under cultivation. 
John Wolf, the father of William, was born in 
1804, in Kentucky, and at the age of seventeen 
years set forth in search of a fortune. His par- 
ents had given him a little money with which to 
make the venture, and he soon found himself in 
St. Charles County. For a few j'ears he worked 
out as a farm hand, carefully saving his salary in 



the mean time. May 22, 1821, he bought seven 
hiindied acies of land in this vicinity, at iSl.25 
per acre. At that earl}' day the country was very 
wild, and the Indians were numerous. A short 
time after he had purchased his farm, he married 
Miss Elizabeth CIislibaum,a native of Hesse-Darm- 
stadt, Germany, who was born December 7, 1811. 
Her parents, Henry and Catlierine (Swart) Clish- 
bauni, were natives of the same country, and be- 
came early settlers in this county. John Wolf 
died on the farm now owned by his son William 
about 1851, but his wife is still living, making her 
home with our subject, and is now in her eighty- 
fourth year. 

Of the eight children born to John and Eliza- 
beth AVolf, four are still living. Henry is engaged 
in farming in this township, and for his wife chose 
Miss Caroline Heisler; Catherine married John 
Jaeger, a farmer near Weldon Spring, this coun- 
ty; Elizabeth, unmarried, has alwa3's made her 
home with our subject; Washington died when 
young; Christopher died during the war; William 
is the next in order of birth; John, who died in 
1881, married Caroline Clinghammer, whose home 
is in St. Charles; and Anderson, whose widow, 
formerly Louisa Clinghammer, now lives in St. 
Charles, died in 1892. 

William Wolf was born May 6, 1841, and re- 
ceived a fair district-school education, from his 
boyhood he was inured to agricultural pursuits, 
and gained a practical knowledge of the same 
through experience and his father's instruction. 
He continued to reside under the parental roof 
until his marriage, which occurred April 26, 1877. 
The lady of his choice was Margaret, daughter of 
John and Mary Seaman, both natives of Germany, 
but who for several years prior to their demise 
were residents of this county. .Seven children 
were born to our subject and wife, namely: Lizzie, 
Ida, George William, Edward, William Anderson, 
John and Elmer Oliver. 

Always a man of true patriotism, Mr. Wolf ten- 
dered his services to the Union in 1861, and 
served for three years. His superior oflicer was 
Capt. Bailey Johnson, of the Missouri Infantry. 
In company with his most estimable wife, he holds 
membership in the Presbyterian Church of Cottle- 

ville, which they joined soon after their marriage. 
They aim to give their children the best possible 
educational advantages, and to rear them to lives 
of usefulness in whatever community their lot 
may be cast. Politically Mr. AVolf is identified 
with the Republican party. 


well known citizen of township 46, range 
4, St. Charles Couuty. His birth occurred 
August 4, 1830, in Prussia, Germany, where his 
parents were also born. The father was born in 
1789, ami departed this life in 1851. He was a 
farmer by occupation in his native land, where he 
spent his entire life. Ilis mother was born in 1790, 
and passed away in 1831, when our subject was 
onl3'one year old. Six children were born to this 
couple, namely: Elsabin, who was born and mar- 
ried in the Old Country, but emigrated to America 
with her husband about the year 1867, and died 
in St. Louis; Margaret, who married and died 
in Germany; Henry, who died when twenty-one 
years of age; Minnie, tlie wife of H. Eble, who still 
makes her home in Prussia; Catherine, who mar- 
ried H. Brinkman, and came to the United States, 
locating in Lincoln County, this state; and Fred- 
erick P., our subject. 

The latter received his education in the com- 
mon schools of his native land, and after he had 
attained his majority married Miss Mary Dickburn. 
Shortly after his marriage he and his joung bride 
sailed for America, their vessel arriving safely in 
New Orleans after an uneventful vo^'age. They 
continued their journey by boat up the Mississippi 
River, and landed in St. Louis, where they re- 
mained a short time, after which they came to St. 
Charles County, and located in township 46. Here 
Mr. Lienemann rented a small farm and began the 
battle of life. He toiled early and late, and by his 
industrious habits and frugality, and the .assistance 
of his good wife, he prospered and enabled 
after ten years of arduous labor to purchase one I 



hundred acres of land. Here he built his home, 
and cultivated and improved the land, becoming 
more and more prosperous. In a few years he 
added to his possessions another hundred acres, 
and now he has as iine a farm of two hundred 
acres as can be found in this township. 

In 1892 Mr. Lienemann suffered an irreparable 
loss in the death of his wife, who through j^ears of 
toil and privation in a new countrj' had ever 
borne her part, sacrificing and enduring much for 
the future welfare of her famil>'. By her mai'riage 
with our subject she became the mother of three 
children, sons. Henry, who was born December 
14, 1858, married Miss Annie Hosraeyer, and makes 
his home with our subject; Hermann, whose birth 
occurred in 1862, is a farmer living in this town- 
ship, and is married to Miss Annie Kuhlman; Fred- 
erick, born in 1866, married Miss Lizzie Kuhlman, 
and resides on a farm near his father. All the 
children have received good educations in the pub- 
lic sciiools of their home locality. 

Politically our subject is a Democrat, and al- 
ways votes for the candidates of that part3'. In 
his religious connections he is an ardent member 
of the German Lutheran Church near his home. 


JOHN H. KOESTER. Few citizens of St. 
Charles County are more deserving of special 
notice or a prominent place in the histoi^; 
of the honored and representative settlers 
within her boundaries than the gentleman whose 
name heads this biograph3\ He was born in Prus- 
sia, Germany, and was only three years of age 
when his parents brought him to America. He 
grew to man's estate, and has always made his 
home since that time, in this county, where he is 
highlj' esteemed by hosts of friends and acquaint- 

The parents of J. H. Koester were Harmon and 
Mary Ann (Somers) Koester. They had four chil- 
dren, three of whom are still living. William is a 
prosperous farmer, whose home is near O'Fallon. 

He is married, and is the father of seven children. 
Frederick, a blacksmitli by trade, is a resident of 
St. Louis, Mo. He is also married, and has a fara- 
il}' numbering eleven children. Harmon Koester 
was born in Germany, about 1797, and learned the 
tailor's trade. About 1838 he emigrated to Amer- 
ica and settled in St. Charles County. For two 
years or so he engaged in working at his trade in 
St. Charles, after which he removed to Augusta 
and bought a home, surrounded by twenty acres 
of land. Later he added to this until his farm 
comprised one hundred and forty acres. In addi- 
tion to following agriculture, he also worked at 
his trade to some extent until 1878. Being then 
in his eighty-first year, he removed to Darderne 
and took up his home with his son William, where 
he continued to dwell until his death, which oc- 
curred when he iiad reached the extreme old age 
of ninet3'-one j'ears. His wife also lived to an ad- 
vanced age, dying in her eighty-fourth year. 

J. H. Koester was born September 8, 1835, in 
Prussia, but his boyhood was passed in this state. 
He received an English eduoation, and continued 
to dwell with his parents until twenty-two years 
of age. In 1858 he located upon his father's farm 
of one hundred and twent}^ acres, which he man- 
aged for the next two years. After his marri.age, 
in 1860, he removed to Gilmore, buj'ing a small 
farm, which contained eighty acres. To its culti- 
vation he devoted the next six j'ears, but in 1865 
opened a general store in Josephville. Succeed- 
ing very well from the start, he sold his farm and 
invested the proceeds in his new enterprise. This 
was in 1866, and he did well for a time, but the 
following year met with reverses and ultimatel}' 
lost all his capital. Once more he was obliged to 
begin his business career, working up from the 
bottom. He was of such an energetic and self- 
reliant nature, however, that obstacles were soon 
overcome b^' him and difficulty onl}' spurred him 
on to further effort. He purchased a horse-power 
thresher, and after some six j^ears of veiy bus3' life, 
doing threshing for his neighbors and carrying on 
a rented farm, he not only found himself able to 
pay off a number of outstanding obligations in- 
curred during his mercantile experience, but was 
also in possession of a goodly sum. In 1878 he re- 



moved to his present home, a place of one hun- 
dred and thiit3'-nine acres, whicli he has rented 
since tliat time. About three years ago he bought 
tlie farm known as the ohl (xilmore lioiucstcad, 
a place containing one hundred and six acres, and 
tliis property he still owns. 

October 28, 1859, Mr. Koester married Eliza, 
daughter of Harmon Unland, of St. Louis. Mrs. 
Koester is one of five cliildrcn, and by her mar- 
riage lias become the mother of seven children, 
five sons and two daughters. Lena, the eldest 
child, is the wife of Peter Rutger, a well-to-do 
farmer of this townsliij). Mr. and Sirs. Rutger 
are the parents of three children. John "W., who 
is married and has one child, is a prosperous farmer 
o( this township, and is the owner of a steam 
thresher. Frederick F., who is unmarried and re- 
sides at home, is employed in the general store of 
S. A. Cliristman. Anna, the youngest of the fam- 
ilv. lives with her parents. Those deceased are 
Henry, Casper and George. 

Mr. Koester, who has led a very active and 
temperate life, enjoys good health and promises to 
see as many years as did his honored father. He, 
with his family, is a Roman Catholic in religion, 
and politically is a Democrat. 

successful and practical farmer, who 
owns a thrifty and well kept farm on 
section 22, township 50, range 1, Lincoln Count^'. 
He was born in Pike County, Mo., September 20, 
1841, and is a son of Thomas and Nancy M. (Nal- 
ley) Graves, both natives of Albemarle County, 
Va., the former born April 9, 1811, and the latter 
on Christmas Day of 1818. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject, a na- 
tive of Virginia, was a farmer or overseer most of 
his life. In 1832 he came with his wife to this 
state, and as he had friends living in Pike Count}' 
he drifted in lliat diroitiini. For a few years lie 
operated a farm four miles from Prairieville as a 
renter, subsequently buying the place where he 
died ill 1818. His wife's demise occurred a sliort 

time previously. Their nine children were all born 
in Virginia, and are as follows: Louisa, who mar- 
ried John Page; Thomas, our subject's father; 
James, who first married Elizabeth Waugh, and 
after her death wedded Jane Turner; Williftm, a 
farmer of Pike County, who first married a INIiss 
Ferguson, and later Sarah Waugh; Mary, wife of 
E. N. Waugh, of Howard County, Mo.; S.allie, who 
became the wife of Thomas Waugh; Edward P., 
who married a Miss Woods, after her death a sis- 
ter of his first wife, and later Mrs. Carey (Smart) 
McLeard; Lucy, who married Hiram Keeling, a 
farmer of Howard County; and John, unmarried, 
and living a retired life near Sacramento, Cal. 

Thomas Graves lived at home until sixteen years 
of age, when he entered a mill in his native state, 
and worked for five years. Prior to coming to Mis- 
souri he was employed in a carding-inill for a sea- 
son, and after coming to ISIissouri he took charge 
of the old IMoscow Mill of this township, which he 
ran for some time. The next five years he was 
employed by Walker Meriwether, of Pike County, 
as an overseer. During this time he was married, 
and later, returning to Lincoln County, bought a 
farm. He added to his original purchase until he 
owned upwards of one thousand acres. He was a 
poor man when he came to this neighborhood, but 
by hard work became wealthy. His wife died 
]\Iarch 14, 1858, and after surviving her for many 
years his own demise occurred, about 1876. Of 
their eight children, only three survive: AVilliam 
A., our subject; James M., who was born October 2, 
1845, married Rebecca Ricks, and is now a farmer 
of Jlontgomeiy County; and Thomas E. Joseph, 
born August 16, 1843, died May 14, 1875. His 
widow, formerly Elizabeth Gentry, now resides in 
Montgomery City, Mo. Elizabeth J., born Janu- 
ary 24, 1848, became the wife of E. D. Ricks, now 
of Winfield, this county, and died January 15, 
1892. ISIary Ann died in infancy, and the next 
sister, also Mary A., born October 7, 1853, died 
November 24, 1893. She was the wife of Joseph 
A. Page, whose sketch afipears elsewhere in this 
volume. Nancy M., born March 7, 1858, married 
F. Gresham, now living in Howard County, Mo., 
and died in May, 1883. 

William A. Graves lent his assistance to his fa- 



tlier in farm work until he reached his majority. 
February 19, 1863, he married Annie Blargaret 
Massie, who was born in Virginia, March 14, 1845. 
Her parents, Robert and Elizabeth (Floey) Massie, 
natives of Albemarle County, Va., were for many 
years residents of this county. After his marriage 
our subject lived with his father for five years, in 
the same house where his home is now made. Then, 
buying one hundred and sixty acres from the es- 
tate, he has since devoted himself to its cultivation, 
meeting with good success. Of his four children, 
the eldest, OUie, born .January 11, 1864, is the wife 
of William Livesey, a farmer of this county; Jo- 
seph A., born July 31, 1865, lives at home; Mar- 
garet C, born September 17, 1867, is the wife of 
E. C. Wheaton, a carpenter of Texas Count}', Mo.; 
and Mary E., born August 25, 1870, married J. W. 
Jeffries, who cultivates a farm in this county. 

Although Mr. Graves enlisted during the late 
war in Captain .Jamison's company, under Colonel 
Hull, his services were never called into requisi- 
tion. He has at all times adhered to the Democ- 
rac}-. In company with his wife and all of their 
children, he holds membership with the Christian 
Church. He held the office of Deacon for several 
years, and takes great interest in religious work. 

Thomas E. Gi'aves, brother of the gentleman 
above mentioned, was born in this county, Febru- 
ary 8, 1856, and owns a portion of the old Graves 
homestead. His farm numbers one hundred and 
ten acres, well improved with good buildings, 
fences, etc. When sixteen years of age he left home, 
and for two 3'ears worked as a farm hand, going 
to school a part of the time. He then went to 
Howard County, Mo., where he worked for a year; 
later he attended Troy public and high schools 
for nine months, and then entered the Central 
College at Fayette, Mo. He pursued his studies in 
that institution for about five j'ears, and continued 
to live in the county for four years longer, teach- 
ing part of this time. In July, 1881, he returned 
to this county and taught three terms of nine 
months each. 

October 2, 1883,Tiiomas E.Graves married Liz- 
zie F. Cannon, of this county. She was born Feb- 
ruary 9, 1856, in Lincoln Count}', being a daugh- 
ter of John anil Judy (Stallard) Cannon, of Ken- 

tucky. The former died on his farm in this coun- 
ty, May 6, 1888, and his widow is now living in 
Elsberry. After his marriage Mr. Graves settled 
on the Nalley Farm in this township, where he lived 
for six months, after which he took charge of the 
Winfield High School for a year. On account of 
poor health he gave up teaching for the next few 
years and turned his attention exclusively to agri- 
cultural duties. For the past four years he has 
taught in the Ricks and home district schools in 
this township, in addition to operating his farm. 
He has made several extensive trips in the West, 
and in one journey traveled a distance of more 
than Ave thousand miles. In poi.tics he is a Dem- 
ocrat. Since 1890 he has been a member of Burr 
Oak Lodge No. 348, 1. O. O. F., of Foley, Mo. 




JOSEPH II. GIESSMANN, who for many years 
has been an influential resident of Callaway 
Township, St. Charles County, is a native of 
the kingdom of Prussia. He was born in 
Buer, Hanover, July 23, 1828, and is a son of John 
and Clara (Riske) Giessmann, both of whom died 
in Prussia. The parental family consisted of six 
sons, of whom Joseph H. is the youngest and the 
only survivor excepting Mathias, a farmer in the 
Old Country. 

Upon the farm where he was born, and which 
his father rented, the subject of this sketch spent 
the years of youth. He received a common-school 
education, and when eighteen, in company with a 
friend, left home and the Fatherland for America. 
The journey from Bremen to New Orleans was 
made in a sailing-vessel, and required forty-five 
days. The ship was storm-tossed many days dur- 
ing the voyage, but landed her precious cargo of 
human souls safely in port. From New Orleans 
the two friends proceeded up the Mississi[)pi to 
St. Louis, thence to St. Charles County, where Mr. 
Giessmann found employment on the farm of 
George Brockmann, in Callaway Township. There 
he remained until spring, when he secured work 



with Fred Miller, spending several months in his 
enii)loy. His next position was in the steam saw 
and grist mill of Frey & Doebelin, on Dardenne 
Creek, in which occupation he was engaged about 
eight months. Fornearly a year thereafter he was 
incapacitated for active labor by reason of chills 
and fever. During this period lie made his home 
witli Fred Lohmann, in Femme Osage Township. 

Upon recovering liis health, Mr. Giessinann en- 
tered the employ of Dr. Krug, with whom he re- 
mained two years, receiving ^40 the first year, and 
8G per month the second j'ear. Leaving this jilace, 
he was for the next eighteen mouths employed m 
the Schaf grist and saw mill, in which oxen were 
used for motive power. His duty was to drive the 
oxen, and for this he was paid ^7 a month. On 
his return to St. Charles County he procured work 
on the farm of Heniy Knippen, with whom he re- 
mained for eight months. His next situation was 
with a blacksmith, Mr. Scliierbaum, of New Melle, 
where he was emplo3'cd for a year. Afterward he 
worked on a farm of one of the German residents 
of Callaway Township, being thus engaged one 
year and six months, after which he operated a 
rented farm. 

In September. 1878, Mr. Giessmann was united 
in marriage with Mrs. AVilliemina Iloehner, the 
widow of Fred Iloehner. She was born in Buch- 
holzliousen, province of Hanover, Prussia, August 
15, 1820, being a daughter of Casper and Maria 
Filisa (Hagemann) Mieweg. Her father died when 
she was sixteen, and some time afterward she ac- 
companied her mother to America, settling in St. 
Cliarles County, whitlier three brothers had pre- 
ccrled iier. Mer mother died in Callaway Town- 
sliip, at the age of fifty-five, and was buried in the 
Lutheran Cemetery in New Melle. 

The first marriage of Mrs. Giessinann resulted 
in the birth of three children. B}- her union with 
our subject one daughter and four sons were born. 
Two of the children died wlien young, the sur- 
vivors being, .lohn Henry, wiio married a daugh- 
ter of Rudolph Meier, and is engaged in farming 
in Callawa>' Townshiii; Henry, a farmer of Calla- 
way Township, and the proseut Koa<l Commissioner 
of this district; and August, who is at home witli 
his parents. The children of Mrs. Giessinann's first 

niai-riage are: Peter, a farmer living near Foristell, 
St. Charles County; Margaret M., who married 
Henry Oberdiek, an agriculturist of Saline County, 
Mo.; and Fred W., a resident of Chester County, 

After his marriage our subject worked on the 
farm owned in former years by his wife's first hus- 
band, and in 1874 he purchased the estate from 
his step-children. Tliis property he made one of 
the most valuable and beautiful in the county. 
Beginning for himself a poor, friendless boy, by 
dint of economy and hard work he has accum- 
ulated a competence. The development of St. 
Charles County he has witnessed and aided. AVhen 
he came here railroads and telegraph wires had not 
yet been introduced to facilitate the development 
of the land, but with the introduction of modern 
improvements came an ever-advancing civiliza- 
tion, and no one has rejoiced in this progress more 
than he. His farm of one hundred and sixty acres 
is one of the best in Callaway Township, and upon 
it his declining years are being happily passed. 
He has never desired official honors, preferring to 
devote his attention to the raising of stock and 
grain. Politically- he votes with the Republican 



/^~>- FORGE MURDOCH, one of the venerable 
V T and honored inhabitants of St. Charles 
County, was born within three miles of 
where he now lives, April 21, 1813. Though he 
IS still the possessor of five hundred acres of beau- 
tiful farming land, the Missouri River de- 
prived him of more than eight hundred acres dur- 
ing the many years he has owned propert3- along 
its shores. His residence is located on section 10, 
township 14, range 2. 

Alexander Murdoch, the father of our subject, 
was born in Pennsylvania, and with his parents 
went to Kentucky at a very early d.ay. He and a 
brother were educated for physicians, but Alex- 
ander never followed the calling to any extent, 
though he sometimes practiced among liis neigh- 



bors and relatives. His father and uncle had pur- 
chased a Spanish claim on the Mississippi River, 
but the papers were misplaced, and the .younger 
generations never received any advantage from 
the grants. While a resident of Kentucky the 
mother of Alexander Murdoch was killed by the 
Indians. At a vcr}- earl3' d.iy he settled in Bois 
Brule, and removed to this county soon afterward. 
He became a very large land-owner, his estate at 
one tune comprising some two thousand acres in 
this localit}'. He and Daniel Boone were very in- 
timate friends, and our subject recollects seeing 
the famous hunter frequentl}-, dressed in his buck- 
skin suit, equipped with numerous weapons, and 
accompanied by hunting dogs. The wife of Alex- 
ander Murdoch was before their marriage Mary A. 
Zumold, a native of Germany, which country 
she left when onh' four j-ears of age. 

George Murdoch passed his boj'hood in this 
county, which was then .almost a wilderness. As 
there were no schools, his father hired a teacher 
for some two or three terms, but the main part of 
the youth's education was gained through his own 
efforts. His father dying when he was quite j'oung, 
our subject left home at the age of thirteen years, 
and, finding his waj' to what was then known as 
Crawford County, Mo., secured a position in a store 
as clerk, and held the place for about three j'ears. 
He then returned home for a short time, but later 
returned to the county which is now known as 
Texas County. At this time he embarked in the 
milling business, devoting his attention to that 
branch of the trade for three or four jears. He 
then joined partnership with Col. H.F. Ormsby,and 
ran a general merchant business atElsworth, Texas 
Count}'. After a time he returned to the old 
homestead, and from that time was engaged in 
farming and dealing in live stock until the war. 
Gf late 3'ears he has rented his land, but has not en- 
tirelj' given up his live-.stock business. In 1863 
lie was struck by lightning, and since then has ex- 
perienced lameness and trouble in his lower limbs. 

December 10, 1843, our subject married Caro- 
line, daughter of .James and Sarah (L3ies) Ken- 
ned}-, all of Tennessee origin. To the union of 
our subject and his wife were born five children, 
two of whom are deceased. Emily -J. is the wife 

of James TV. Howell, of Cambridge, Mo.; J. L. re- 
sides on the home farm; and Mary is the wife of 
R. C. Matsou, of Matson, Mo. 

Being opposed to all monopolies, Mr. Murdoch 
is a Democrat. Though frequentl}^ asked to serve 
in various offices of honor and trust, he has stead- 
fasti}' refused, as he preferred to give his time to 
his business and famil}'. In his .younger days he 
at one time started for Galena, 111., expeclin.g to 
obtain work in the mines, but while on the route, 
at the mouth of the Des Moines River, he en- 
countered a boat which was recruiting for the 
Black Hawk War. The young man enlisted, and 
continued in the service until the capture of the 
noted warrior. Black Hawk, when he was detailed 
as one of the prisoner's guards. The discharge 
which he received on the expiration of his service 
is still in his possession, and is among his relics of 
past days. 


I' GUIS H. BREKER. An influential posi- 
I Cy tion in the legal fraternity of St. Charles 
is held by the subject of this sketch, one 
of the leading and eminent men of the count}'. 
He is one of the large number of those who, of 
German nativity, have sought homes and fortunes 
in the New World, and through energy, persever- 
ance and the exercise of superior intellectual abili- 
ties have achieved success. This is the more re- 
markable from the fact that in this instance the 
struggle for a livelihood was begun at the early 
age of fourteen years, without means, education or 
influential friends. 

The son of Philip and Wilhelmina (Biitfurhing) 
Breker, our subject was born in Kamen, Westpha- 
lia, Prussia, October 6, 1846. In 1847, when 
hardly a year old, he was brought by the family 
to America, and grew to manhood in St. Charles, 
where his father was engaged in the clothing busi- 
ness for many years. In the public and parochial 
schools of this city he was a student for a brief 
period, but his knowledge there gained was so lim- 
ited that on entering the army he could not 



write. At the age of fourteen he became a drum- 
mer bo3' in the Union service in Compan.v B, of 
Krekel's Battalion of United Stales Reserve Corps. 
He enlisted in September, 1861, and was mustered 
out on the lOtli of January, 1862, on which date 
he re-enlisted in Companj' B, of the First Battal- 
ion M. S. M. Cavalry, in which service he contin- 
ued until the 23d of November, 1862, when Com- 
pany B of said battalion was transferred to the 
First Regiment M. S. j\I. Volunteers, from which 
service he was honorably discharged on the 25th 
of January, 1865, at Rolla, Mo. Although still a 
minor, he held the important positions of Cor- 
poral, Sergeant and Orderly-Sergeant. At inter- 
vals, while in active service, he conducted his 
studies diligently, learning to write and laying the 
foundation for his future success. 

On retiring from the army, Mr. Breker became 
an employe of Nathaniel Reid as assistant Asses- 
sor, remaining with that gentleman until he had a 
sufticicnt amount to pay his tuition at the Jones 
Commercial College. lie entered that institution, 
and continued there until his graduation in the 
summer of 1866. In the autumn of that year he 
entered the office of Jose[)li Maher, Clerk of the Cir- 
cuit Court, with wliom he continued as assistant for 
several years, lie then became an employe in the 
office of Gustave Bruere, Clerk of the County Court 
and Recorder. Afterward for six months or more 
he was with Henry E. Machens as Deputy Collec- 
tor and Deputy Sheriff. When the St. Charles 
Car Shops were opened, he was clerk for Colonel 
Emmons, United States Assessor, and upon the 
election of the latter to the office of Secretary of 
the com pan}', Mr. Breker bcctame his assistant, re- 
maining with him until 1875. 

It had long been the ambition of Mr. Breker to 
enter the profession of law, and as soon as prac- 
ticable he turned his attention to its jtud.y, which 
he conducted in the office of Senator P^d wards. In 
the spring of 1876 he was admitted to the Bar, 
and has since conducted a large practice in the 
Civil and Criminal Courts. Among his fellow- 
citizens he is very popular, and has been elected 
by them to numerous offices of trust. For three 
terms in succession he served as Councilman for 
the Fourth Ward, and in April, J 882, he was 

chosen Mayor of St. Charles. His administration 
was marked by the introduction of a number of 
improvements, and by tlie successful prosecution 
of reform work that tended to tlie prosperity of 
the municipality. In November, 1890, he was 
elected to the office of Prosecuting Attorney, 
which he held by re-election until the 1st of Jan- 
uary, 1895. His political affiliations are with tlie 
Democratic party, of which he is one of the lead- 
ing members. 

In addition to his other interests, Mr. Breker 
has been Secretary of the St. Charles Citizens' As- 
sociation. To hira belongs the honor of having 
organized the hook and ladder company, of which 
he was for a time Captain, and he has ever since its 
organization been its President. Socially he is 
identified with the Ancient Order of United Work 
men, and has been Past Master Workman of St. 
Charles Lodge No. 105. He has also been Dicta- 
tor of Ivanhoe Lodge No. 1812, K. of H., and is a 
member of the Workmen's Relief Associations at 
St. Charles and Cottleville, Mo., also of the Treu- 
biind. His marriage, which took place April 16, 
1868, united him with Miss Elvira M. Charles- 
worth, of St. Charles Count}-. They became the 
parents of five daughters and a son, the latter be- 
ing his father's assistant in the office. Mrs. Breker 
died on the 20th of March, 1894, and was interred 
in the Si. Charles City Cemetery in the family lot. 
In religion Mr. Breker is a Catholic, but IMrs. Brek- 
er was identified with the Presbyterian Church, to 
which the children also belong. 


f~^ EORGE W. BRISCOE, a prominent farmer 
t^^ and successful stock-raiser of Lincoln Coun- 
t}', owning one hundred and seven acres 
of fine farming land in township 51, range 1 east, 
is a native of the county, and was born near the 
town of Auburn, May 3, 1850. He is a son of 
John M. C. and Joyce (Fentom) Briscoe, the father 
born in Bourbon County, Ky.. and the mother in 
Manchester, England. The latter's father, Richard 
Fentom, was a merchant in that city, and when his 



daughter Joj'cc was about seven years old, emi- 
grated to America with his famil3'and located first 
in St. Louis, but only remained there a short time._ 
Leaving St. Louis, he came to this county and pur- 
chased four hundred acres of land near Auburn, 
where he resided until his death, which occurred in 
1866. Mr. and Mrs. Fentom were the parents of 
six children, namely: Richard, Annie, vSarali, Joyce, 
George and Betsy. 

Harrison Briscoe, the grandfather of our subject, 
came to this county after his marriage, and settled 
near what is now Briscoe Station, the town taking 
its name from him. He entered five hundred 
acres of land, on which he made his home until 
his death, which occurred in 1856. There were 
eight children in this family, as follows: Geoi'ge, 
John M. C, Jefferson, Permenis, Samuel, Harrison, 
Coatnej' and Ruth. Samuel is the only one now 
living. He married Rebecca Davis, and resides on 
the old homestead at Briscoe Station. 

John M. C. Briscoe, the father of our subject, 
came to this county- with his parents, and remained 
with them until he was married. He then entered 
one hundred and sixty acres of land near Auburn, 
where he lived a few years. Afterward his father- 
in-law gave him another one hundred and sixty 
acres, and he moved onto that and made his home 
there for the remain.der of his days. He departed 
this life m 1887, his good wife having passed away 
seven years previous. Seven children blessed this 
union. Richard was born in 1840, and died in 1858. 
Henrietta, who was born in 1842, married Joseph 
Everett, and is living on a farm in Caldwell Coun- 
ty. Thomas Harrison, born in 1844, married L3'dia 
Ann Broyles, and lives on a farm near Mexico, Mo. 
Catherine Annie was born in 1846, and makes her 
home with her brother in Oklahoma. John M. C, 
Jr., born in 1848, married Emily Briscoe, and is 
now living in Oklahoma. George W. is our sub- 
ject. Thomas Jefferson, who was born in 1852, 
married Agnes Morris, and makes his home in In- 
dian Territory. He owns the old homestead in 
this county. 

George W. Briscoe, of this notice, took charge 
of his father's farm for a short time when he was 
twenty-seven years of age, but later rented forty 
acres of land, and November 16, 1879, was united 

in marriage with Miss Coatney Ann, a daughter of 
John C. and Harriett (Davis) Wells. Mrs. Briscoe 
and her parents were all natives of this count3', 
and lier father followed the occupation of a farmer 
all his life. Ten childi-en were born to Mr. and 
Mrs. Wells, namely: Coatney Ann, Bettie, John, 
Sherman, AVillie, Harrison, Bernlla C, Sarah, and 
two who died in infancy unnamed. 

For a short time after their marriage our sub- 
ject and his wife made their home on the forty- 
acre farm near Auburn, but later bought a house 
and lot in Burr Oak Valley, this state. They 
onl}' remained there tliree months, however, when 
the}' sold this property and rented a farm near 
Folcj', living there one j'ear. They then moved 
to the Harrison Allen Farm, near Auburn, where 
they made their home for another year, and 
then bought their present farm, but afterward 
sold it and purchased the Mitchell Bosman Farm, 
near Brussells. By this time our subject was 
getting tired of Missouri, and with his famil}- 
started for Texas. They got as far as the Arkansas 
River and turned back into Kansas, stopping at a 
town called Chetopa, where they rented a house 
and spent three months looking for a place to 
make their home; but, finding nothing suitable, 
thej' returned to old Missouri and bought sixty 
acres near Auburn, living on it for one year. At 
the expiration of that time he sold the sixty acres 
and bought back the old farm of one hundred and 
seven acres, and settled down, content to make it 
his home for the future. He built a new house 
and added several other improvements, and now 
has a first-class farm, which compares favorably 
with the best in the township. 

Mr. and Mrs. Briscoe became the parents of 
seven children, six of whom are living. Maggie, 
deceased, was born September 11, 1880; Charlie, 
April 16, 1882; Maude Ann, January 3, 1884; Evy 
Lee, July 22, 1886; Georgie May, July 17, 1888; 
Richard, March 1, 1890; and Joyce, May 17, 1893. 
Mr. Briscoe is extensively engaged in stock-rais- 
ing in connection with his farming interests, and 
in both lines of industry he is veiy successful, 
and is known throughout the county as a man of 
sound judgment and good business ability. 

Politically he is a stanch Democrat, and alwaj's 



votes for the e.inrlid.ates of tliat party. Botli he 
and his excellent wife are earnest workers in the 
Methodist Episcopal C'luinli South, of which thej' 
are ardent menihers. Socially he was identified 
with the Farmers' Lodge of tliis township. 


— i-***)? 


i^T^ NDREW T. CUNNINGHAM owns and 
J \ operates a good farm, situated on .section 
26, township 50, range 1, Lincoln County. 
No one is better known or more respected in this 
part of the county, nor has a reputation for having 
cleared more land, than our subject. He is a worthy 
and representative old settler, who has long been 
identified witli the annals of this locality. 

James Cunningham, the paternal grandfather of 
Andrew T., was a native of Scotland, who emi- 
grated to Virginia in Colonial days, and was there 
during the War of the Revolution. About that time 
one of his children was scalped by the Indians. 
Until his death, James Cunningham continued to 
reside in Rockbridge County, where he had first 
located on becoming an inhabitant of the Old 
Dominion. He had five children, namely: Will- 
iam, John, James, Jacob and Nancy. William, the 
eldest son, was born in 1780, in Rockliridge Coun- 
ty, and on arriving at years of maturit\' married 
Margaret T.aylor, whose birth occurred ten years 
after his own. Her [laients were William and 
Ruth (Stapleton) Taylor, natives of Ireland and 
Maryland, respectively. They were married in 
the latter state, and engaged in farming in Rock- 
bridge Count\- until the death of the husband, after 
which his widow removed to Shelb}- County, Ivy., 
and later came to this county to make her home 
with her daughter Margaret. Her other children 
were William, John, Andrew, Polly, Betsey and 

On the death of his jiarents, William Cunning- 
ham succeeded to the old homestead, where he 
lived for a few years Then, going from there to 
Shelby County, Ky., he resided in that locality for 
sixteen years, after which he came by wagon tq 

Lincoln County, being on the road about seven- 
teen days. He located on what was known as the 
Hopkins Farm, which he bought, and then set to 
work with a will to clear a tract and build a cabin. 
One room was made of logs cut by himself. There 
he died in October, 1834, and was the first person 
buried in the cemetery on the Wallace Farm. His 
wife lived in the old cabin for a few years, and 
then married Jeremiah Dodson,of Oldham County, 
Ky., going to live at his home in this township. His 
death occurred in June, 1868, and the widow then 
lived with our subject and her brother until she 
was summoned by death, October 5, 1871. 

Andrew T. Cunningham was born in Shelby 
Count3-, K}'., June 14, 1818, being the fifth in a fam- 
ily numbering seven children. James was born in 
1810, learned the hatter's trade, and died in Ken- 
tucky in 1834; Ruth, born in 1811, married Felix 
Nichols, and both are deceased, the former d) ing in 
1893; Pats}' died in Kentucky in childhood; Sarah 
M., who is deceased, married S. B. Hopkins, who is 
living with his son in this township, being now in 
his eighty-fifth year; Joel B. is represented else- 
where in this volume; and William, who died in 
1841), married Elizabeth Dulane}, who is now mak- 
ing her home in St. Charles. 

The earlj' years of our subject were passed in 
his native county, and he well remembers the jour- 
ney of the family to this state. On arriving in St. 
Louis, his father was offered land there for f 1.25 
per acre, but refused to buy. Young Andrew 
lived with his parents on their farm until his fa- 
ther died, and his mother was a second time mar- 
ried. He was then seventeen years of age, and 
started out to make his own way. For a time he 
worked by the month on the Rich Farm, and also 
made rails at twenty-five cents per hundred. Later 
he worked in a brick3ard near Auburn, this coun- 
ty, and then turned his attention to learning the 
cooper's trade in company with a friend, Ed- 
win Allen, working at the business for about two 

While living near Auburn, Mr. Cunningham 
made the acquaintance of Esther Cooper, who was 
born January 5, 1818, in Shelby County, Ky., and 
their marriage was celebrated in 1838. The lady's 
parents were William L. and Winnefred (Stallard) 



Cooper. The former was born in Shelby, and the 
latter in Nelson, County, Ky., and they were mar- 
ried in the latter county, where they lived until 
1829, then moving to Missouri. On coming to this 
county, they settled in this township, living on 
several farms for a number of years, and then both 
came to dwell with our subject. Subsequently 
they removed to Troy, where the mother died in 
1862, after which event the father went to Wis- 
consin to live with a son, and died near Dodds- 
ville, in 1872. Mrs. Cunningham is one of six 
children, the others being Melinda, Mrs. Simeon 
Shelburn; Walter S., who married Frances Wells, 
and later wedded Amanda Parker; Benjamin F., 
who married Frances Coliick; David S., who mar- 
ried Matilda Duff, and is now living in Kentucky; 
and Julia, who died in the Blue Grass State, at the 
age of three months. 

After his marriage Mr. Cunningham cultivated 
the old Hopkins Farm in this township, eightj^ 
acres of the place belonging to his wife. At the 
end of two years, or September 3, 1840, he bought 
his present farm of one hundred and sixty acres. 
Afterward he bought another farm of like extent, 
but this he gave to his son. At the time of his 
first purchase, the onl}' improvement on the farm 
was a small hickory-log house, within the walls of 
which the young couple lived for about eight 
years. In 1848 the primitive structure was re- 
placed by a more substantial and modern build- 
ing, which has sheltered the famil}' for nearlv half 
a century. 

Eleven children came to bless the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Cunningham. William, born September 
16, 1839, died in infancy; James H., born De- 
cember 17, 1840, married Annie Cooper, and is 
County Recorder of Macon County, Mo.; Benja- 
min F., born in 1842, died in infancy; Margaret N., 
born August 20, 1844, married D. W. Miller, of 
this township; Nancy Jane, born in 1846, married 
George Dryden, now of New Hope; Joel B., -whose 
birth occurred in 1849, is a carpenter by trade, 
and first married Mary Cooper, after whose death 
he wedded Nellie Taylor, and both are now living 
in Macon Cit}', Mo.; Winnefred, born November 
4, 1850, died at the age of nineteen years; John 
Newton, born October 30, 1852, married Ruth 

Cunningham, and is a farmer in Idaho; Andrew 
Milton, who was born July 21, 1855, married Eliza- 
beth Cunningham, and is engaged in farming near 
his father's home; Mary T., born June 3, 1857, 
died in infancy; and Nathan Welch, born Novem- 
ber 7, 1860, died at the age of two years. 

Mr. Cunningham has given all of his children 
good educational advantages, hasassisted in build- 
ing three schoolhouses near his farm, and has 
served as School Director in this district for sev- 
eral years. He cast his first Presidential vote for 
William Henry Harrison, but since then has sup- 
ported the Democrac3'. Mrs. Cunningham holds 
membership with t!ie Methodist P^piscopal Church. 



JOHN DICKHERBER. For more than a quar- 
ter of a century this gentleman has been a 
resident of the immediate vicinity of Dar- 
denne. He is a native of St. Charles Coun- 
ty, and was born March 17, 1842, being one of 
eight children, seven sons and one daughter, born 
unto Herman and Catherine Dickherber. Only 
three are now living, namely: Margaret, wife of 
William Summers, a carpenter and joiner by trade, 
and a farmer by occupation, his homo being in St. 
Charles County; John, of this sketch; and Givens, 
a farmer of St. Charles County. 

The father of our subject was born in Hanover, 
Germany, and emigrated thence to America when 
he was a young man, spending his remaining 3'ears 
in this country. He and his wife were members 
of the Lutheran Church, though after his death 
she united with the Catholic Church. Their son, 
our subject, had very meager opportunities for 
gaining an education, as he was obliged to become 
self-supporting at an earl}' age. He began in life 
with a capital of 1175, which he had earned by 
cutting cord-wood and splitting rails. Upon him, 
in boyhood, rested the responsibility of caring for 
the other members of the family and providing for 
their maintenance. 

April 18, 1862, Mr. Dickherber married Miss 
Catherine Nagel, a native of Germany. They be- 



eamc the i)arents of eleven children, six sons and 
live daugUteis. Nine of the number are now liv- 
ing. .John is engaged in ttie mercantile business 
at Dardenne, wiiere Maggie, who is next in order 
of birth, also resides; Anna is the wife of Louis 
Griesenauer, a farmer of St. Charles Count}'; 
Joseph, a resident of the same locality, is married; 
Henry, who resides at home, assists his father on 
the farm; Mary is the wife of Ben Orf, of Cuivre 
Township; Frances, the youngest daughter, is at 
home; and Willie and Freddie are school boys. 
Mrs. DIckherber was educated in the parochial 
schools of Augusta, Mo., and the children have 
attended similar schools in the home locality. 

In politics a Republican, Mr. Dickherber cast his 
first vote for Abraham Lincoln. At different 
times he has been selected by his party as ihcir 
delegate to tlie county conventions, lie is a Trus- 
tee in the Catholic Church at Dardenne, of which 
Father Schmidt is pastor, and to wiiich his wife 
and children alsoljelong. His home farm consists 
of SIX hundred and fifty and one-half acres of 
good land, partly timbered, and containing suii- 
slantial improvements, including a comfortable 
farm residence. 

ROBERT A. LANIER. For a period of 
thirty-two years this respected agricultur- 
ist has been engaged in carrying on his 
farm, situated in township 47, range 1, St. Charles 
County. He is enterprising and industrious, and 
through tlie exercise of these qualities has suc- 
ceeded in making ample provision for the wants 
of his family, and has, moreover, laid aside a cer- 
tain proportion of his income. 

Our subject's fatlier, E. R. Lanier, was born in 
Virginia, and was the first of his family to settle 
in this state. When twenty-two years of age he 
left home and made a settlement in Lincoln Coun- 
ty, upon the farm where he continued to make his 
home until his death, November 22, 1892. His 
wife, whose maiden name was Jane M. Luckett, also 

a native of Virginia, was married to him in 18.36. 
She came with her parents to St. Charles County 
from her native state after she had arrived at 
mature years. Four children were born to E. R. 
Lanier and wife, their names in order of birth be- 
ing as follows: Robert A., Mary Ann, Theodore 
L. and Edward T. Mary Ann is married, and now 
makes her home in Memphis, Tenn. Theodore L. 
is also married, and lives at Waverly, Tenn.; and 
Edward T. died at the age of twenty-two years, 
at his father's old home in Lincoln County. The 
mother is still living, though now well along in 

Robert A. Lanier was educated in the district 
schools near the parental home. He was born in 
Lincoln County. October 15, 18.37, and gave his 
services to his father until he had reached his nia- 
jorit}'. Then, starting out in life for himself, he 
rented a farm in the same count}', where he lived 
for one year. He then came to this county, leased 
a farm adjoining the one on which he now has his 
abode, and to its cultivation he devoted himself 
industriously for the next two years. In the fall 
of 1862 he became the owner of the farm which he 
now carries on, and has since made his home upon 
the place. He has a valuable piece of property, 
comprising three hundred and forty-five acres, and 
has made many substantial improvements upon 
the place. He is a practical farmer, and though 
reared in the old methods, is not averse to adopt- 
ing modern ideas pertaining to agriculture. 

In the spring of 1860 Mr. Lanier married Sarah 
Jane, daughter of George Cochran, who was an 
early settler of this township. JMrs. Lanier was 
born and reared in this locality, and l\v her mar- 
riage became the mother of three children: Albert 
E., who is married and lives in Denver, Colo.; 
Arvenia P., Mrs. A. L. Goodfellow, of St. Louis; 
and George A., who is unmarried. The devoted 
wife and mother was called to her final rest while 
in Cliicago, in May, 1893. In August, 189-1, Mr. 
Lanier married Virginia B., daughter of Rev. Har- 
Icigh Blackwell, who has been a resident of this 
township since 1843, and is still living near Foris- 
tell, in the eightieth year of his age. 

In political matters ]\Ir. Lanier has always voted 
in supijort of the Democratic platform and its can- 



didates. The success which he has won nia_y be 
attributed to his uative characteristic of persever- 
ing industry, for he has carved out his own fort- 
une unassisted by others. Mr. and Mrs. Lanier 
are members of the Presbyterian Churcli. 

HON. JOHN A. TALLEY, M. D. More than 
fifty years have elapsed since Dr. Talley 
came to St. Charles Countj', and cast his 
fortunes with those of its inhabitants. Wentzville 
at that time had no existence, the surrounding 
country contained few of the improvemeuts that 
are now noticeable, and on every hand it was ap- 
parent that the history of the district was yet to 
be written. The progress and development of the 
material resources of the locality are due to his un- 
tiring efforts, together with those of other progress- 
ive citizens. He has now come to the evening of 
his days, and, looking back over his long and useful 
career, can reflect upon the past without remorse, 
and look forward to the future without fear. 

Of one whose name is so intimately associated 
with the historj' of Wentzville, the reader will be 
interested to learn. Our subject was born in Cum- 
berland County, Va., July 5, 1813, and is a son of 
William P. and Frances (Daniel) Talley, natives 
of the same county. The father, who was a farmer 
by occupation, spent his entire life in the vicinity 
of his birth, and there he died at an advanced age. 
The mother was a sister of Judge William Daniel, 
who for years was a very prominent jurist of Vir- 
ginia, and who was the grandfather of Hon. John 
W. Daniel, the present United States Senator from 
the Old Dominion. The Talley familj- is of Eng- 
lish descent, and it is supposed that the first rep- 
reseutatives of the famil}' settled in New Jersey. 

The early instruction of our subject was received 
in the private schools near his home, four years 
being thus spent. Afterward he was for two years 
a student in the Randolph Macon College, near 
Boyd ton, Va. On selecting a life occupation, he 
chose the medical profession, and began its study 

under the preceptorship of an elder brother, Dr. Z. 
Talley, of Cumberland County, Va., with whom he 
remained two years. In September, 1839, he en- 
tered the medical department of the University of 
Virginia, and there prosecuted his studies with 
such diligence and success that he was graduated 
July 4, 1840, receiving his diploma after only one 
session of study. He then returned home and 
commenced to practice with his brother, with 
whom he was in partnership for two years. Mean- 
time, in the winters of 1840-41 and 1841-42 he" 
took a post-graduate course at the Virginia Medi- 
cal College at Richmond, Va. 

Realizing that the West offered superior advan- 
tages for a young physician, Dr. Tallej' came to 
St. Charles County in November, 1842, and for a 
number of j'ears thereafter made his home with 
the family of Col. C. F. Woodson, about five miles 
south of what is now Wentzville. In March, 1845, 
he established a home of his own, at which time he 
was united in marriage with Miss Paulina C, 
daughter of Col. William Radford Preston, for- 
merly of Montgomery County, Va., where Mrs. 
Talley was born. After his marriage the Doctor 
remained in the same neighborhood, engaged in 
the practice of his profession, until 1865, when he 
opened an office at Wentzville, and here he has 
since made his home. 

Reared in the faith of the Democratic party, Dr. 
Talley has always been its unswerving champion, 
upholding its principles alike in the storms of po- 
litical opposition and in the sunshine of success. 
In 1852 he was elected to the Legislature, and 
served in that position for one term, but refused 
renomination, as it interfered with his practice and, 
besides, he had no fondness for public life. His 
election was the result not so much of his political 
qualifications, as of his popularity' among the peo- 
ple of the count\', irrespective of political ties. 
For several years he was a Director in the First 
National Bank of St. Charles, and filled a similar 
position in the North Missouri (now the Wabash) 
Railroad Company. For fifty years he has been 
fraternally identified with the Masonic order. 

While not a member of any denomination. Dr. 
Talley is a firm believer in the doctrines of Chris- 
tianity, and is a regular attendant at the services 



of the Metbodist Episcopal Clim-cU. His life has 
been spent principally in close attention to bis 
professional duties, and by bis skill in the diag- 
nosis of disease, and success in its treatment, he has 
won and retained a high place in the regard of the 
fraternity and the confidence of the people. Be- 
fore moving to Wentzville he owned a large farm 
in the neighborhood of bis first location in Mis- 
souri, but this place he afterward sold. At one 
time be was interested in a woolen factory, and in 
1859-60, in company with Daniel Grittith, con- 
ducted a private banking business in St. Charles. 
None of these interests, however, were allowed to 
interfere with the practice of bis profession, upon 
which be concentrated his attention. His life, 
while unmarked by any startling events, has been 
a life of diligent effort and untiring labor, and has 
been of the character that has won and held the 
esteem and confidence of the community. 




RICHARD G. WOODSON, the subject of 
this biography, is one of the leading and 
representative citizens of Dardenne Town- 
ship, St. Charles County. He is a native of Vir- 
ginia, born September 6, 1833, and was the second 
in the family of eight children born unto Charles 
F. and Anne T. (Wilson) Woodson. Of the others 
we note the following: George, the eldest, is a res- 
ident of Callaway Township; Anne Virginia and 
Eliza reside with George; Sarah married Dr. Julian 
Bates, a physician of St. Louis, Mo., and a son of 
Edward Bates, Attorney-General under President 
Lincoln; Ellen, widow of the late Richard Bates, 
makes her home mostly in St. Louis; Julia, widow 
of Isaac Newton Stoutemeyer, is a resident of 
Wichita, Kan.; and Marj R. is the wife of William 
Harris, a prosperous farmer of Dardenne Township. 
The father of our subject, Charles F. AVoodson, 
was born in Virginia in 1794, and died in June, 
1887. Chesterfield was his native county, but liis 
years of boyhood and youth were passed in Prince 
Edward County, where he was reared to agricult- 

ural pursuits. Afterward he returned to Chester- 
field County and there remained until 1839, when 
he removed to Kanawha County, W. Va. In 1841 
he came to Missouri and settled in St. Charles 
County. He was a gentleman of more than ordi- 
nary intelligence and education. At the time of 
the opening of the War of 1812, he was a stu- 
dent in Hampden Sidney College, but he at once 
abandoned his literary pursuits for the active life 
of a soldier, and aided in the defense of our coun- 
try against British encroachments. His father and 
two of his uncles served through the entire period 
of the Revolutionary War, his father being a min- 
uteraan. The Woodson family was in former gen- 
erations identified with the (Quaker Society, but 
our subject's father was a member of the Presbj'- 
terian Church. His wife, also a member of that 
denomination, was born in Prince Edward Coun- 
t}', Va., in 1806, and died in February", 1887. 

Upon the home farm Richard G. Woodson was 
reared to manhood. His educational advantages 
have been far in advance of the common walks of 
life. His primary education was begun in the pri- 
vate schools, and finished m the high schools and 
the university. For four j'ears he was a student 
in Wyman's High School of St. Louis, Mo., and 
afterward entered the University of Missouri at 
Columbia, Boone County, graduating from that 
institution with the Class of '54. Later he took a 
partial course of law stud^' at the University of 
Virginia, and was a partner of Edward Bates, the 
well known statesman, at St. Louis. In after years 
he embarked in agricultural pursuits, which voca- 
tion he now follows. 

July 15, 1868, Mr. Woodson married Miss Grace 
Lee, a native of Port.Iervis, Orange County', N. Y. 
Their children were nine in number, but one is 
deceased. The others were as follows: Charles F., 
who completed a course in telegraphy at Sedalia, 
Mo., and at present resides with his parents; Tarl- 
ton and George T., at home; Gertrude, a telegraph 
operator and ticket-seller on (irand Avenue, St. 
Louis, Mo.; Alice, who received a good education, 
and was a successful teacher in St. Charles County, 
but is now the wife of Charles Blize, a resident of 
Peach Oichard, Ark.; Nannie, who was educated 
in the common schools, the high school in St. Louis, 



and the State Normal School at Kirksville, Mo., 
and is now the efficient teacher at the home dis- 
trict school; Grace Goodridgc and F'reda, who com- 
plete the family circle. 

During tlie late war Mr. Woodson for two 3'ears 
served as Major and Colonel in the State Militia 
under Governor Gamble. Politically he is an in- 
dependent Democrat. In religion he is a Presby- 
terian. He is a gentleman of more than ordinary 
intelligence, a fine type of the educated agricult- 
urist. He is versatile, genial and hospitable, and 
his home is the abode of hospitality, where the 
many friends of himself and wife are sure of a 
cordial welcome. For over half a century he has 
been an honored citizen of the county, and during 
this long period has maintained an unblemished 
reputation as a man of integrity and honor. 

v®^ ^^l!^ J§J 

lar and efficient pastor of the Catholic con- 
gregation at O'Fallon, St. Charles County, 
where he has labored for eighteen years. In addi- 
tion to the duties which fall upon his shoulders 
in connection with his parish, he is editor of a 
weekly German paper, entitled Der Katliolisclie 
Hausfreund, a sheet which has a large and increas- 
ing circulation. 

Rev. H. Brockhagen was born in the parish of 
Balve, county of Arnsberg, in the province of West- 
phalia, Germany, in 1833. He was reared in the 
country, and acquired a good knowledge of gen- 
eral farm work, at the same time attending the 
elementary schools neat his home. When our sub- 
ject had reached the age of sixteen years, he be- 
gan learning the trade of stonemasonry, but as 
the youth seemed to possess higher ability than 
was necessary for that vocation, his parents con- 
cluded to give him better advantages and edu- 
cate him for the career of an architect. After he 
had continued his studies in this direction for a 

certain time, it became evident that he had a 
predilection for the priesthood. He pursued his 
scholastic studies at Arnsberg, and afterward took 
a course of instruction in the science of philosophy 
at the' University of Munster. 

The years rapidly passed, and the boy soon 
grew to be a young man of twenty-four years of 
age. According to the laws of the land, he would 
at this time be compelled to enlist as a soldier in 
the Prussian army for a term of three years. As 
he had no desire, to enter a military life, and 
sadly disliked to interrupt his studies, he emi- 
grated to the United States, where he was cordially 
received by Archbishop Kenrick, of the St. Louis 
Diocese. In that city he finished his theological 
studies, and at the end of March, 1859. was or- 
dained to officiate as a priest. On the 7th of the 
following April he was sent into the country 
to seek out the Catholic families and gather them 
into a congregation. The district which was placed 
in his charge comprised Jefferson and a part of St. 
Louis Counties, a tract forty by twenty-five miles 
in extent. He started into this undertaking with 
such earnestness and zeal for the church, that be- 
fore much time had passed he had three congrega- 
tions in running order, and besides attending to 
their wants preached at six other stations. For 
seventeen years the worthy priest worked for the 
honor of God in the district just described, and as 
an outcome of the early work done by him it may 
be related that now there are five regular churches, 
each provided with an efficient pastor. 

After his seventeen years of untiring effort. Rev. 
Mr. Brockhagen was persuaded by his superiors 
to make a change to a location where the work 
would be lighter. Thus it came to pass that he ac- 
cepted the pastorship of the congregation at O'Fal- 
lon, which has since received his love and the bene- 
diction of his life work. His time not being fully 
occupied, and his zeal and energj' not entirely re- 
quired in parish work, he decided to start a news- 
paper with religious and scientific objects in view. 
This journal he has conducted for some ten years, 
and though it has met with a great deal of ojjposi- 
tion, it has steadily held its way, and now numbers 
over five thousand subscribers. Rev. Mr. Brock- 
hagen, though now in his sixty-second year, is 



bale and hearty-, and congratulates himself on the 
fact that, with one exception, he has never found 
it necessary to summon a doctor, and very rarely 
has used medicine of any descri|)lion. lie is court- 
eous and genial in his manner, and lii.s friends arc 
numerous and devoted. 



MARTIN HOBELMANN. The tareer of 
this gentleman as the Postmaster of Dut- 
zow, and one of its leading merchants, 
has been a very honorable and useful one. He 
is mucii esteemed throughout the county, and reck- 
ons as friends all with whom he has business rela- 
tions, a fact which speaks in an eloquent manner 
as to his upright character. 

Our subject was born across the waters, in Han- 
over, Germany, October 17, 1848, and is the thud 
in order of birth of the family' of David and Annie 
(Stumpe) Hobelmann, also natives of that prov- 
ince. The parents emigrated to America in 1852, 
making their waj- direct to Franklin County, 
this state. The father, who was a carpenter and 
undertaker, prosecuted his combined business in 
his new home until the time of his death, which 
occurred two years after coming hither. His good 
wife survived him until 1884, when she, too, passed 
away, at the age of seventy-eight years. 

Being a lad of six years when deprived of the 
care of his father, young Hobelmann was taken 
into the home of his uncle, Martin Hellmann, who 
educated him to a full knowledge of farm |)ursuits. 
During the winter seasons he attended the school 
in the district, and, making the best of his limited 
opportunities, obtained a fair education. He fol- 
lowed farming until reaching his twent3'-eightli 
year, when a good opportunity presented itself in 
the mercantile business, which he took advantage 
of, and he is to-daj' one of the well-to-do mer- 
chants of Dutzow. 

After carrying on a good business for thirteen 
j'ears Mr. Hobelmann sold out his interests in that 
line and clerked for one year. In 1881, however. 

he established in his present business in .this place. 
He carries a large and varied stock of goods, and 
being courteous to his customers and prompt in 
filling orders commands a large trade. 

The lady to whom Mr. Hobelmann was married 
in January, 1881, was Miss Mary E. Bernd, daugh- 
ter of Thomas Bernd, a wealthy agriculturist of 
Franklin County'. Their union has resulted in the 
birth of ten children, only one of whom is deceased. 
Those living are Thomas G., Anton M., Eliza F., 
Annie M. E., Leo M., David, Bertha, Edward and 
Martha R. Mr. and Mrs. Hobelmann and their 
entire family are devout members of the Catholic 
Church. Our subject is prominently identified 
with the Catholic Knights of America, and also 
belongs to St. Francis Lodge No. 454, of which he 
is one of the Trustees. At all times and under all 
circumstances he votes the straight Democratic 

Mr. Hobelmann wiis appointed Postmaster of 
Dutzow in 1882, and is popular in his olHcial ca- 
pacit}-, discharging the duties of the position with 
characteristic fidelity and to the satisfaction of all 
concerned. He has been the incumbent of this 
ofHce under two Republican and two Democratic 
administrations, which tells something of the pop- 
ularity he has alw.ays enjoyed. 


■r OUIS A. MEYER, senior member of the 
I Cy firm of Dickherber & Meyer, of Dardenne, 
and one of the most enterprising merchants 
of St. Charles County, was born in Perry County, 
Mo., .June 30, 1859. He is the sixth in the family 
of three sons and seven daughters born unto Louis 
and Sarah (Schnurbush) Meyer, but is now the 
only survivor excepting his sister Elizabeth, wife 
of .John Lottes, an agriculturist of Dardenne. 

The father of our subject was born in Baden, 
Germany, November 20, 1824, and a child of 
six years when, in 1830, he was brought by his 
parents to America. His childhood years were 
passed in Perry County, Mo., where he gained an 



education in both the German and English lan- 
guages. During the Civil War he was a supporter 
of Union principles. In politics he was a Democrat. 
Earl^' in life he gained a fair knowledge of the 
shoemaker's trade, and later was occupied as a car- 
penter and joiner, but afterward transferred his at- 
tention to agriculture and was engaged as a tiller 
of the soil. He and his wife were members of the 
Catholic Church, in which faith thej' died, he April 
9, 1877, and she June 13, 1876. She was a native 
of Missouri and was born November 12, 1826. 

Excellent educational advantages were enjoyed 
by our subject in his youth. He attended the pa- 
rochial schools, and then became a student in the 
Teachers' Seminary of St. Francis, Wis., where he 
remained for three years, preparing himself for 
the profession of a teacher. At the age of twent}'- 
thrce he became a teacher in the parochial schools 
of Dardenne, and so satisfactor}- were his services 
in that capacit}', that he was retained in the insti- 
tution for nine years. This school is under the 
espionage of the Church of the Immaculate Con- 
ception, and its grade of scholarship was advanced 
under his intelligent supervision. 

May 15, 1884, Mr. Meyer married Miss Louise 
Schmidt, a sister of Father Schmidt, the efficient 
priest of the Church of the Immaculate Concep- 
tion. She was born September 10, 1862, and re- 
ceived a good education in the parochial schools. 
B3' her union with our subject five children have 
been born: Freddie, Julia, Felix, Reinella and 

Politically a Democrat, Mr. Meyer cast his first 
Presidential ballot for Gen. Winfleld Scott Han- 
cock, the Democratic nominee of 1880. He has 
been frequently selected by liis party as delegate 
to the county conventions. In partnership with 
Mr. Dickherber he purchased a stock of merchan- 
dise in Dardenne in the spring of 1891, and since 
that time the firm has been one of the most flour- 
ishing in tills part of the county. They carry a 
full stock of dry goods, boots and shoes, hats and 
caps, gloves, staple groceries, and, in fact, every 
commodity which may be called for in a first- 
class countrj' store. They also purchase and ship 
live stock to St. Louis, pa\-ing the highest market 
price. Mr. Dickherber attends strictlj' to this de- 

partment of the business, in which he has met 
with success. Since entering the mercantile busi- 
ness the firm has greatlj' increased its volume of 
trade, and at present (October, 1894) they carry a 
stock of from $4,000 to S5,000. They handle the 
newest and freshest goods, which are shipped to 
them direct from the St. Louis market, and their 
trade extends over a large area of territory. Their 
courteous treatment of customers has won for tliem 
the full confidence of all who have done business 
with them. 

In March, 1891, Mr. Meyer was appointed by 
John Wanamaker, Postmaster-General, to the office 
of Postmaster at Dardenne, which he has since held. 
This is a mone^'-order and registered-letter office. 
The duties of the office he has discharged with 
efficiency and to the satisfaction of all concerned. 
He is a gentleman of genial manner, honorable in 
all his dealings, kind to those in distress, and 
warmly in sympathy with progressive measures. 
As such he is worthy the confidence of his asso- 

. ^ ^^ P • 

JOHN HENRY KOENIG, one of the worthy 
citizens of Wentzville, St. Charles County, 
has been engaged in business at his present 
location for the past twenty-two j'ears, and 
has been m a large measure blessed with success in 
his undertakings. He carries a good assortment, 
and replenishes his stock from time to time in order 
to meet the demands of the trade. 

Mr. Koenig was born at the small town of Bark- 
hausen, near Buer, Germany, May 9, 1846. His 
father, H. F. Koenig, Sr., was born in the same lo- 
cality in 1820, and is now living on a farm near 
Wentzville. He married Miss Mary Witkoetter, 
who was born at Oberholsten, near Melle, Ger- 
many. In 1872 he emigrated to this country, and 
has since made his home in the United States. He 
has five sons and two daughters, all living near 
this place. The youth of our subject was passed 
on his father's farm in German}^, and his early ed- 
ucation was such as was afforded b}' the excellent 



schools of tlie neigliborhood. In ISCS the young 
man determined to seek his fortune in llie land 
of promise and liherty, believing thai lie \v,)nld 
have a belter chance here than in the Fatherland. 
After an uneventful voyage across the Atlantic 
he landed in New York City, and soon obtained 
employment as a clerk in a grocery in Brooklyn, 
there remaining for nine months, and during this 
lime becoming well acquainted with the English 
language. Mr. Koenig then set out for the West 
and drifted to Wentzville. As he had had some 
experience as a clerk, he had little ditliculty in ob- 
taining a position in the store of E. H. Dierkei', in 
the same location as the store he now occupies as 
proprietor. The next two years were spent by him 
in looking after the interests of his employer, and 
he made a good record for himself during this time. 
Going next to St. Charles, Mr. Koenig worked there 
in the same capacity- for two years more, and then 
returned to the scenes of his youth and his rela- 
tives in Germany. After a pleasant and profitable 
rest, covering a period of nine months, he returned 
in 1872, this time his father and other members of 
the family accompanying him. 

The Koenig family proceeded direct to Wentz- 
ville on their arrival in the United Slates, and our 
subject in connection with his brother bought out 
the well established firm of Dierker & Michel, 
general merchants. This transaction was consum- 
mated in 1872, and the brothers conducted the busi- 
ness together until May 1, 1893, when J. 11. Koenig 
succeeded to the entire interest by buying out his 
brother's share. For the past 3'ear and a-half he 
has assumed entire control, and has enlarged and 
greatly improved his store facilities and general 
accommodations. Many 3'ears have passed since 
Mr. Koenig worked as a clerk in the store where for 
the past twenty-three years he has carried on busi- 
ness for himself, and he has always maintained a 
high reputation for business honor and faithful- 
ness to his word. In 1886 he built a large and 
pleasant brick house for a residence, on land ad- 
joining the store, and has since made his home 
within its hospitable walls. 

June 17, 1873, Mr. Koenig married Lizzie, daugh- 
ter of John F. Dierker, of St. Charles. They have 
a happy family circle of eight children, five sons 

and three daughters, who with their parents are 
members of the Lutheran Church and active work- 
ers in the same. iMr. Koenig uses his right of 
franchise in favor of Republican nominees, and is 
a firm believer in the principles of protection to 
American workmen and home industries. 


HENRY P'REESE, a prominent farmer of 
St. Charles County', is a native of Calla- 
way Township, having been born on sec- 
tion 21, December 15, 1846. He is a son of Carl 
W. and Margaret (Rahmeier) Freese. His father 
was born in Kreis, Tiechenburg, Cappeln, Prussia, 
and emigrated to America away back in the '40s. 
Sailing from Bremen, he arrived safely in New 
York after an uneventful voyage of seven weeks 
on the briny deep. He continued his journey 
westward into Missouri, stopping for a few weeks 
in St. Louis. After remaining there for a short 
time, he found his way to St. Charles County, 
where he purchased some land and immediately 
set about clearing and improving the same. He 
spent the remainder of his life on this farm. He 
was called to his home in the spirit world when 
comparatively a young man, being only forty-two 
3ears of age. His widow, after the death of her 
husband, with the aid of her children continued 
to carry on the work of cultivating and improv- 
ing the farm. She continued to reside on the old 
homestead until her death, which occurred in Sep- 
tember, 1893. Of the six children that clustered 
around this family hearthstone, two survive, Henry 
and William. 

The subject of this sketch was reared on a farm 
and received a common-school education. At the 
age of twenty-eight he was wedded to Miss .Sophia 
Berlekamp. She is a native of Callaway Township, 
and was born November 23, 1853. Eight children 
have blessed the union of IMr. and Mrs. Freese, six 
sons and two daughters, as follows: William, born 
May 28, 1874; Frederick, November 13, 1876; Au- 
gust, March 10, 1879; Theodore, May 21, 1882; 



Johanna, September 17, 1884; Hermann, April 28, 
1887; Hellena, February 6, 1889; and Edwin, Au- 
gust 31, 1892. 

Mr. Freese owns a fine farm of two hundred and 
forty acres of land, one hundred and forty acres 
under cultivation, the remaining one hundred in 
fine timber-land. Politically he exercises his right 
of franchise by voting for the Democratic party. 
As a public-spirited citizen our subject takes an 
active interest in the welfare of his community, 
and contributes his share to its material progress. 
His attention, however, is devoted principally' to 
the cultivation and improvement of his farm. An 
indefatigable worker, an honest and upright man, 
he has the respect and confidence of a large cii'cle 
of friends and acquaintances. 



RUDOLPH H. MEIER, deceased, was for 
more than fort}' years a resident of Calla- 
wa3' Township, St. Charles County. He 
was the youngest of the family of four sons and 
three daughters born unto Ernest and Clara (Brock- 
siger) Meier, but only two of the number are now 
living, namely: Clara, widow of Joseph Brock- 
mann, who formerly engaged in farming in Calla- 
way Township; and Clara Elizabeth, wife of Henry 
Thierniann, a farmer of Dearborn County, Ind. 

The birth of Rudolph H. Meier occurred on a 
farm in Buer, province of Hanover, kingdom of 
Prussia, January' 14,1826. In the common schools 
of the home neighborhood he received a practical 
education in the German language. Some time 
during the '4Us he left the Fatherland, sailing from 
Bremen to New Orleans, and encountering numer- 
ous severe storms during the ocean v03'age of 
eighty-four daj'S. From New Orleans he proceeded 
up the river to St. Louis, where lie secured work 
in a brick3'ard, remaining in that position about 
four years. At the time of his arrival there St. 
Louis was a mere hamlet, with little in its appear- 
ance or prospects to indicate future greatness. 

While working in St. Louis Mr. Meier visited 
neighboring sections of the state, inspecting the 

country. One winter he came to St. Charles Coun- 
ty, where he found employment among the farm- 
ers, cutting timber and rails, and doing general 
farm work. In 1848 he purchased from a Mr. 
Claus one hundred and sixty acres of partly im- 
proved land, which now comprises the homestead. 
Here he transformed many acres of thickly wooded 
forest land into a fine farm. The woodman's axe 
was dail}' heard resounding through the forest, un- 
til finally the timbered land had been cleared. He 
was an energetic man, and under his able manage- 
ment his estate was classed among the finest of the 
county. Thoroughly honest in all his dealings 
with mankind, he had the esteem and confidence 
of all his neighbors, and his friends were many. 

During the earlj' portion of his residence in 
Callaway Township, Mr. Meier experienced all the 
hardships incident to frontier life. It was then 
no uncommon thing to hear the snarls and howls 
of a pack of wolves, while deer were often seen in 
large droves. Upon a moonlight hunting expedi- 
tion he brought down one of these noble animals 
which had wandered from the herd. In the spring 
of 1850 he turned his eyes westward, his ambition 
fired by what he had heard of the El Dorado of 
America. With six teams, and in companj' with 
a band of hard}' and brave pioneers, he started 
for the gold fields of California. After a journey' 
of six months the}' arrived at their destination and 
began to use their pick and pan in the placer mines 
of the vSacramento Vallej'. 

In this wa}' Mr. Meier was enabled to make con- 
siderable money. He also worked for a large min- 
ing corporation, receiving a daily compensation of 
$5. Illness, however, for a time mastered the sit- 
uation and forced him to succumb to the fever so 
prevalent on the Pacific Slope. After his recovery 
he began freighting, bringing in supplies to the 
mines and doing general work. After four years 
in California he returned to a more modern civil- 
ization, the homeward journey being made via 
the Isthmus of Panama and New York to Missouri. 
Here he settled on his purchase on section 22, Cal- 
laway Township, where he resumed the uneventful 
life of an agriculturist. 

On the lull of April, 1854, Mr. Meier married 
Miss Margaret Maria Rolflng, who was born in 



Buer, Hanover, Prussia, February 21, 1834. She 
was tlie youngest of seven children, two dauglilers 
and five sons, of whom two survive, the eldest and 
the youngest, namely: Clara Charlotte, who mar- 
ried Matthias Poese, and after his death, accom- 
panied by her nine children, crossed the ocean and 
settled near St. Charles, Mo.; and JSIrs. Meier. The 
father of this family was Clamer Adolph Rolfing, 
a wagon-maker b}- trade, who spent his entire life 
in Prussia. The mother, who bore the maiden 
name of Clara Elizabeth Leinhruck, died in Ger- 
many at theageof eighty-two years. In 18.52 Mrs. 
Meier, accompanied by iier brother Ludwig, came 
to America, taking passage at Bremen on a three- 
mast sailing-vessel, and landing in New Orleans 
after a voyage of fifty-three days on the great ex- 
panse of ocean. From the latter cit3- they con- 
tinued their journey up the Mississippi River to 
St. Louis, where a year later occurred the marriage 
of Miss Rolfing to Mr. Meier. 

Unto Mr. an<l jNIrs. Meier were born ten children, 
all of whom are still living, as follows; .lohn II., a 
farmer of St. Charles County; Minnie L., wife of 
Frank Hagensieker, a machinist of St. Louis; Catli- 
erine A., who married Henry, a brother of Frank 
Hagensieker, and a resident of St. Louis; Clara 
Mathilde, wife of .lohn Giesmann, a farmer of Cal- 
laway Township; Frederick W., wlio is occupied 
as a clerk in St. Louis; Anna M., Gerhardt IL, 
Louise II., Carl E. and Louise L., who are still un- 
der the parental roof, and by their love and affec- 
tionate oversight cheer the declining years of their 
widowed mother. 

This is an interesting famil_y, and one of the 
most influential in Callaway Township. A mod- 
ern and attractive residence adorns the homestead. 
The farm consists of a quarter-section of well im- 
proved land. ]\Irs. Meier is a pleasant lady, a 
charming conversationalist, and a devoted Chris- 
tian, her membership being in the Evangelical Lu- 
theran Church of New Melle. Though a strong 
advocate of Republican doctrines, our subject 
never sought public offices for himself, preferring 
to concentrate Ins attention upon his farm work. 
Upon the farm where so nnich of his useful life 
harl been passed he died April 27, 1886. He was 
buried in the Evangelical cliurclnard, and a neat 

monument now marks bis last resting-place. A 
consistent Christian, he was for many 3'ears Elder 
of the Evangelical Church of New Melle. In him 
the public schools had a firm friend, and it was 
one of his chief desires that his children might be 
given the advantages of good educations. His life 
was upright, and his example worthy of emulation 
by posterity. 

RICHARD C. MATSON was born on the 
same farm where he now resides, this be- 
ing located on section Sli, township 45, 
range 2, St. Charles County. His residence stands 
in the yard where the cabin of Daniel Boone was 
located in years gone by, and in the possession of 
our subject is a warranty deed given and signed 
by the famous and sturdy Kentucky pioneer. He 
is a man of progressive and enterprising ideas, and 
in the future anticipates running his farm with the 
latest and best improved machinery in the market. 
In addition to general farming he raises grain and 
stock to a large extent. Ills residence and other 
farm buildings are constructed on modern lines of 
architecture, and are only- half a mile distant from 
Matson, a small village on the Missouri, Kansas & 
Texas Railroad. 

A sketch of the parents of our subject, Abraham 
S. and Phoebe A. Matson, will be found elsewhere 
in this volume. Richard C. was born Se|)teinber 
17, 1849, and is the third in order of birth in his 
father's family. He attended the local schools in 
his lioyhood, and later went to Ashley and to 
Louisiana, Mo., in order to obtain better educa- 
tional advantages. Subsequently he went to St. 
Louis, where he attended school, but during the 
term he was attacked with typhoid fever, and 
after his recovery it was not found advisable for 
him to engage in severe study. 

When eighteen years of age Mr. Matson turned 
his attention to farming, and has ever since made 
his own livelihood. How well he has succeeded in 
the ac<iuisition of property can be shown by tlie 
fact that he now owns four hundred and lifty-lhree 



acres of rich and arable land, well improved and 
under a high state of cultivation. 

In March, 1874, Mr. Matson married Miss Mary 
A. Murdoch, who is a daughter of George Mur- 
doch, a prominent farmer of this count}'. Mrs. 
Matson was born in Femme Osage Township, St. 
Charles Count}', and there grew to womanhood. 
She is one of five children, two of whom are de- 
ceased, the others being named as follows: Emily 
J., James L., Mary A. and Virginia Lee. A strict 
adherent of the doctrines taught by Thomas Jeffer- 
son, Mr. Matson has been a Democrat since arriv- 
ing at his majorit}'. He has never found time to 
seek public preferment, as his large estate and 
varied business interests command his entire atten- 
tion. Among his many friends and neighbors he 
is known as a man of most exemplary life and 
honorable principles. 


"C T SjILLIAM KUNZE, one of the leading 
\/ V/ and influential citizens of Hopewell 
Academj', is filling the important posi- 
tion of Postmaster. This office not occupying his 
entire time and attention, he has opened up a mer- 
cantile establishment, and is conducting a paying 
business in this line. 

Mr. Kunze was born in St. Charles County, this 
state, December 13, 1840, and is the fourth in or- 
der of birth of the household of John and Caroline 
(Forage) Kunze, natives of Gei-many, although the 
mother was of English extraction. The parents 
spent their earlier years in the Fatherland, and in 
1836 decided to come to America. After land- 
ing in this country they made their waj- to St. 
Louis, where they stopped for a time, and then, 
coming to St. Charles County, passed the remainder 
of their lives engaged in cultivating the soil. The 
father was a carpenter by trade, but did not follow 
tills business much after coming to the New World. 
He was always ready to perform his part in up- 
building the section in which he lived, and at the 
time of his death, in 1866, the county lost one of 

its best citizens. His good wife preceded him to 
the better land, dying in 1852. 

William Kunze had very little opportunity for 
carrying into effect his great desire for obtaining 
an education, as his studies were confined for a 
short time each j'ear to a private school taught in 
the vicinity of his home. He was busily engaged 
in farm work at the time of the outbreak of the 
late war, and for three months served in the state 
service under Colonel Krekel; then, responding to 
the call for more volunteers, he enlisted as a mem- 
ber of Company G. Thirty-fiist Missouri Infantry, 
and was mustered in at Carondelet under Colonel 
Fletcher, becoming part of the Fifteenth Army 
Corps, which was commanded by Gen. John A. 
Logan, whom all the boj's in blue learned to respect 
and love. Young Kunze was in active service for 
a period of three years, with the exception of a short 
time when he was confined in the hospital on ac- 
count of wounds received in the battle of Atlanta. 
He participated in all of the man}' engagements in 
which his regiment was engaged, and with his com- 
rades was honorably discharged .June 30, 1865. 

On returning home from the war our subject 
became a clerk in a mercantile establishment in 
Hopewell Academy, and in 1867 he bought an in- 
terest in the Lipstadt Mills. In 1871, however, we 
find him in partnership with his brother-in-law, H. 
Holstein, and together the}' built the mills at Hol- 
stein, which they successfully operated for a period 
of ten years. At the expiration of that time, iu 
1882, our subject was elected Constable of Char- 
rette Township for a term of one year. In 1883 he 
became the proprietor of a good tract of land near 
Holstein, which he farmed for four years very 
profitably. He then engaged in general merchan- 
dising at Hopewell Academy, which village has 
been his place of residence since. He is a live, 
progressive citizen, and by fair and honest dealing 
commands a good trade and the respect and good 
wishes of all who know him. 

In the year 1867 William Kunze and Miss Caro- 
line Rechers were united in marriage. To them 
have been born three daughters and four sons, 
as follows: Henry E., who represents a large nurs- 
ery at Washington, Mo.; and Paulina, Adelia, 
Annie, Louis, Charles and Benjamin. Although 



not a member of any church organization, our 
subject rather inclines toward the Evangelical faith. 
He is a Republican in politics, but in local elec- 
tions casts his vote for the raan whom he considers 
will best fill the office. 

Mr. Kiinze wis appointed Postmaster of Hope- 
well Acadcni\- in 1886, and since that lime has 
faithfully discharged the duties of the position to 
the satisfaction of the Government and the itcople 
of this [dace. He has latel\' erected a briclv busi- 
ness house, 28x70 feet in dimensions and two 
stories in heisiht, at a cost of $3,600. In this he 
has a large and well assorted stock of general mer- 
chandise, valued at from $3,500 to 14,000. He 
gives his personal attention to the business and 
has met willi signal success. 

JOHN L. DICKHERBER, the junior member 
of the firm of Dickherber ife Meyer, of Dar- 
(lenne, is a native of St. Charles County, Mo., 
and was born February 17, 1864. He is the 
son of John and Catherine (Nagel) Dickherber, and 
the eldest of their eleven children, six sons and five 
daughters, of whom nine are now living. His fa- 
ther, who was born in St. Charles County, March 
15, 1842, was educated in both the German and 
English languages, and early in life gained a thor- 
ough knowledge of farming and stock-raising, 
which he has made his life work. His home is 
now in the northeastern part of Dardenne Town- 
ship, where he cultivates a well improved farm. 
Early in life he allied himself with the Republican 
party, and its principles he has since supported. 
He and his good wife are members of the Church 
of the Immaculate Conception in Dardenne. 

In the home district the subject of this notice 
enjoyed excellent educational advantages. To the 
information acquired from text-books he has added 
such knowledge as may be gained by self-culture, 
so that he is now a well informed young man, 
conversant concerning the great questions of the 
age, and familiar willi the current topics of the day 

in local and national affairs. In 1891 he formed 
a partnership with Mr. Meyer in the general mer- 
cantile business, and has since conducted a large 
and profitable trade among the residents of the 
surrounding country. 

The marriage of Mr. Dicklicrber, wliich occurred 
on the 13th of October, 1885, united iiim with Miss 
Annie Schmidt, a sister of Father Schmidt, of whom 
mention is made on another page of this volume- 
Their famil}' consists of two sons and two daugh- 
ters, namely: Rosalia, Iledwig, Leo and George. 
Mrs. Dickherber was educated in the parochial 
schools, and is an amiable lady, devoted to the 
welfare of her husband and children. 

Since casting his first ballot for Grover Cleve- 
land as President, jNIr. Dickherber has been a stanch 
advocate of Democratic principles, believing that 
they are best calculated to promote the welfare of 
the nation. He has never held any public posi- 
tions, though, were he called upon to do so, he 
would undoubtedly discharge the duties of the 
same with the fidelit}', energy and success which 
have characterized him in his private affairs. He 
and his wife are faithful Catholics and belong to 
the Church of the Immaculate ('onception at Dar- 

JOEL E. CARR, whose pleasant home is situ- 
ated in WentzviUe, St. Charles County, has 
until recently been interested in the tobacco 
business, and also in the sale of agricultural 
implements and general hardware, but is now prin- 
cipally engaged in the pursuit of agriculture. He 
is one of the well known and highly' esteemed resi- 
dents of this place, with whose welfare and progress 
he has been long identified. 

Thomas Carr, the father of our subject, of 
Irish descent, and was born and reared in Halifax 
County, Va. The family of which he was a mem- 
ber was highly respected, and one of the old and 
wealthy branches of the Old Dominion aristocrac}'. 
He was a soldier in the War of 1812, and some of 
his relatives were active participants in the Colonial 



struggle for independence. For bis wife he cliose 
Miss Sarali Raglin, who was of Scotch origin, and 
also came from an old Virginia family, licr forefa- 
thers having been engaged in the Revolutionary 
War. Thomas Carr continued to live on his plan- 
tation in Halifax County, Va., until 1842, when he 
settled in Lincoln County, Mo., and from there 
went to Warren County, where his death occurred 
in the winter of 1844-45. 

Joel E. Carr, the subject of this sketch, was born 
in 1832, in Halifax County, Va., and at the age of 
seven _years began attending a subscription school, 
where he pursued his studies for two years. After 
coming to Missouri he went to school during the 
winters for about three years, and at the age of 
seventeen commenced his career in the commer- 
cial world. For about five years he worked in a 
tobacco factory, and on the expiration of tliat 
(leriod embarked in agricultural pursuits. For 
four years be operated farms in Lincoln and St. 
Charles Counties. As be then had a position offered 
to him in a tobacco manufactory at Wentzville, he 
accepted the place, and was thus employed for the 
two years following, after which, for a similar 
length of time, he was in the saloon and restau- 
rant business. 

Mr. Carr's previous experience '.n the tobacco 
liusiness now proved of service to him in his next 
undertaking, for be entered into partnership with 
Dr. J. C. Goodrich as a manufacturer, under the 
firm name of Carr, Johnson & Co. At the end of 
a year be bought out the Doctor's share, and took 
in as a partner Robert B. Dula. This firm success- 
fully carried on business for sixteen years, and 
finall}-, in 1885, sold out to the St. Charles Tobacco 
Companj', they subsequently removing the ma- 
chinery and stock to St. Charles. For two j-ears 
afterward Mr. Carr was Superintendent of the 
Wentzville Tobacco Company, and at the same 
time was interested with J. C. Johnson in a hard- 
ware business. For the past seven 3'ears our sub- 
ject has given his attention principally to farming, 
and finds bis time fully occupied in