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Portrait and ^ 




[ RECORD^ ] 



Containing Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent 
and Representative Citizens of the Counties. 

Together with Biographies and Portraits of all the Presidents 
a. of the United States. 






jFiE greatest of English historians, Macaulat, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present centui-j, has said: "The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Portrait and Biographical 
Eecoed of this county has ':^en prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry slacistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, oui 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by theii 
enterprise and industiy, brought the county to rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
many, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way," content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograpb 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

July, 1S95. Chapman Publishing Co. 





OF- -the: 

IJnitkd States 




^A HE Father of our Country was born in West- 
fC morel and County, Va., February 22, 1732. 
v2/ His parents were Augustine and Marj^ (Ball) 
Washington. The family to which he belonged 
has not been satisfactorily traced in England. 
His great-grandfather, John Washington, emi- 
grated to Virginia about 1657, ^^^ became a 
prosperous planter. He had two sons, Lawrence 
and John. The former married Mildred Warner, 
and had three children, John, Augustine and 
Mildred. Augustine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore him four children, 
two of whom, Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his second mar- 
riage, George was the eldest, the others being 
Betty, Samuel, John Augustine, Charles and 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, 
died in 1743, leaving a large landed property. 
To his eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an 
estate on the Potomac, afterwards known as Mt. 
Vernon, and to George he left the parental resi- 
dence. George received only such education as 
the neighborhood schools afforded, save for a 
short time after he left school, when he received 
private instruction in mathematics. His spelling 
was rather defective. Remarkable stories are 
told of his great physical strength and develop- 
ment at an early age. He was an acknowledged 
\eader among his companions, and was early 
aoted for that nobleness of character, fairness and 
veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was fourteen years old he had a 
desire to go to sea, and a midshipman's warrant 
was secured for him, but through the opposition 
of his mother the idea was abandoned. Two 

years later he was appointed surveyor to the im- 
mense estate of Lord Fairfax. In this business 
he spent three years in a rough frontier life, 
gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only nineteen 
years of age, he was appointed Adjutant, with the 
rank of Major, in the Virginia militia, then being 
trained for active service against the French and 
Indians. Soon after this he sailed to the West 
Indies with his brother Lawrence, who went there 
to restore his health. They soon returned, and 
in the summer of 1752 Lawrence died, leaving a 
large fortune to an infant daughter, who did not 
long survive him. On her demise the estate of 
Mt. Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle as Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia 
was reorganized, and the province divided into 
four military districts, of which the northern was 
assigned to Washington as Adjutant- General. 
Shortly after this a ver>' perilous mission, which 
others had refused, was assigned him and ac- 
cepted. This was to proceed to the French post 
near Lake Erie, in northwestern Pennsylvania. 
The distance to be traversed was about six hun- 
dred miles. Winter was at hand, and the journey 
was to be made without military escort, through 
a territory occupied by Indians. The trip was a 
perilous one, and several times he nearly lost his 
life, but he returned in safety and furnished a full 
and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of three hundred men was raised in Virginia and 
put in command of Col. Joshua Fry, and Maj. 
Washington was commissioned Lieutenant-Colo- 
nel. Active war was then begun against the 
French and Indians, in which Washington took 


a most important part. In the memorable event 
of July 9, 1755, known as "Braddock's defeat," 
Washington was almost the only officer of dis- 
tinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. 

Having been for five years in the military serv- 
ice, and having vainly sought promotion in the 
royal army, he took advantage of the fall of Ft. Du- 
quesne and the expulsion of the French from the 
valley of the Ohio to resign his commission. Soon 
after he entered the Legislature, where, although 
not a leader, he took an active and important 
part. January 17, 1759, he married Mrs. Martha 
(Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy widow of John 
Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the 
port of Boston, the cry went up throughout the 
provinces, ' ' The cause oi Boston is the cause of 
us all! " It was then, at the suggestion of Vir- 
ginia, that a congress of all the colonies was 
called to meet at Philadelphia September 5, 
1774, to secure their common liberties, peaceably 
if possible. To this congress Col. Washington 
was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
congress re-assembled, when the hostile inten- 
tions of England were plainly apparent. The 
battles of Concord and Lexington had been fought, 
and among the first acts of this congress was the 
election of a commander-in-chief of the Colonial 
forces. This high and responsible office was con- 
ferred upon Washington, who was still a member 
of the congress. He accepted it on June 19, but 
upon the express condition that he receive no sal- 
ary. He would keep an exact account of ex- 
penses, and expect congress to pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch 
to trace the military acts of Washington, to whom 
the fortunes and liberties of the people of this 
country were so long confided. The war was 
conducted by him under every possible disadvan- 
tage; and while his forces often met with reverses, 
yet he overcame every obstacle, and after seven 
years of heroic devotion and matchless skill he 
gained liberty for the greatest nation of earth. 
On December 23, 1783, Washington, in a parting 
address of surpassing beauty, resigned his com- 
mission as Commander-in-Chief of the army to the 

Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mt. Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning 
all connection with public life. 

In February, 1789, Washington was unani- 
mously elected President, and at the expiration 
of his first term he was unanimously re-elected. 
At the end of this term many were anxious that he 
be re-elected, but he absolutely refused a third 
nomination. On March 4, 1797, at the expiration 
of his second term as President, he returned to his 
home, hoping to pass there his few remaining 
years free from the annoyances of public life. 
Later in the year, however, his repose seemed 
likely to be interrupted by war with France. At 
the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the army, but he chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command, he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until, 
it was necessary. In the midst of these prepara- 
tions his life was suddenly cut off". December 1 2 
he took a severe cold from a ride in the rain, 
which, settling in his throat, produced inflamma- 
tion, and terminated fatally on the night of the 
14th. On the 1 8th his body was borne with mili- 
tary honors to its final resting-place, and interred 
in the family vault at Mt. Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible 
to speak but in terms of the highest respect and 
admiration. The more we see of the operations 
of our government, and the more deeply we feel 
the difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common 
Interest, the more highly we must estimate the 
force of his talent and character, which have been 
able to challenge the reverence of all parties, 
and principles, and nations, and to win a fame as 
extended as the Umits of the globe, and which we 
cannot but believe will be as lasting as the exist- 
ence of man. 

In person, Washington was unusually tall, erect 
and well proportioned, and his muscular strength 
was great. His features were of a bpau.siful .sym- 
metry. He commanded respect without any ap- 
pearance of haughtiness, and was ever serious 
without being dull. 



n'OHN ADAMS, the second President and the 
I first Vice-President of the United States, was 
v2? born in Braintree (now Quincy) Mass., and 
about ten miles from Boston, October 19, 1735. 
His great-grandfather, Henry Adams, emigrated 
from England about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The parents of 
John were John and Susannah (Boylston) 
Adams. His father, who was a farmer of limited 
means, also engaged in the business of shoe- 
making. He gave his eldest son, John, a classical 
education at Harvard College. John graduated 
in 1755, and at once took charge of the school at 
Worcester, Mass. This he found but a ' ' school 
of affliction, ' ' from which he endeavored to gain 
relief by devoting himself, in addition, tc the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. 
He had thought seriously of the clerical profes- 
sion, but seems to have been turned from this by 
what he termed " the frightful engines of ecclesi- < 
astical councils, of diabolical malice, and Calvin- 
istic good nature, ' ' of the operations of which he 
had been a witness in his native town. He was j 
well fitted for the legal profession, possessing a j 
clear, sonorous voice, being ready and fluent of 
speech, and having quick perceptive powers. He 
gradually gained a practice, and in 1764 married 
Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, and a 
lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, in 1765, the attempt at parliamentarj' 
taxation turned him from law to politics. He 
took initial steps toward holding a town meeting, 
and the resolutions he offered on the subject be- 
came very popular throughout the province, and 
were adopted word for word by over forty differ- 
ent towns. He moved to Boston in 1768, and 
became one of the most courageous and promi- 
nent advocates of the popular cause, and was 
chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
islature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first dele- 

gates from Massachusetts to the first Continent- 
al Congress, which met in 1774. Here he dis- 
tinguished himself by his capacity for business 
and for debate, and advocated the movement for 
independence against the majority of the mem- 
bers. In Ma}', 1776, he moved and carried a res- 
olution in Congress that the Colonies should 
assume the duties of self-government. He was a 
prominent member of the committee of five ap- 
pointed June 1 1 to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, 
but on Adams devolved the task of battling it 
through Congress in a three-days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independ- 
ence was passed, while his soul was yet warm 
with the glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter 
to his wife, which, as we read it now, seems to 
have been dictated by the spirit of prophecy. 
"Yesterday," he says, "the greatest question 
was decided that ever was debated in America; 
and greater, perhaps, never was or will be de- 
cided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, 'that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and in- 
dependent states.' The day is passed. The 
Fourth of July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch 
in the history of America. I am apt to believe it 
will be celebrated by succeeding generations as 
the great anniversarj- festival. It ought to be 
commemorated as the day of deliverance by 
solemn acts of devotion to Almighty God. It 
ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, games, 
sports, guns, bells, bonfires and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from 
this time forward forever. You will think me 
transported with enthusiasm, but I am not. I 
am well aware of the toil and blood and treas- 
ure that it will cost to maintain this declaration 
and support and defend these States; yet, through 
all the gloom, I can see the rays of light and 
glory. I can see that the end is worth more than 
all the means, and that posterity will triumph, 



although you and I may rue, which I hope we 
shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed 
a delegate to France, and to co-operate with Ben- 
jamin Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then 
in Paris, in the endeavor to obtain assistance in 
arms and money from the French government. 
This was a severe trial to his patriotism, as it 
separated him from his home, compelled him to 
cross the ocean in winter, and exposed him to 
great peril of capture by the British cruisers, who 
were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was 
again chosen to go to Paris, and there hold him- 
self in readiness to negotiate a treaty of peace and 
of commerce with Great Britain, as soon as the 
British cabinet might be found willing to listen 
to such proposals. He sailed for France in No- 
vember, and from there he went to Holland, where 
he negotiated important loans and formed im- 
portant commercial treaties. 

Finally, a treaty of peace with England was 
signed, January 21, 1783. The re-action from the 
excitement, toil and anxiety through which Mr. 
Adams had passed threw him into a fever. After 
suffering from a continued fever and becoming 
feeble and emaciated, he was advised to go to 
England to drink the waters of Bath. While in 
England, still drooping and desponding, he re- 
ceived dispatches from his own government urg- 
ing the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health 
was delicate, yet he immediately set out, and 
through storm, on sea, on horseback and foot, he 
made the trip. 

Febniary 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. 
Adams envoy to the Court of St. James. Here 
he met face to face the King of England, who 
had so long regarded him as a traitor. As Eng- 
land did not condescend to appoint a minister to 
the United States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he 
was accomplishing but little, he sought permis- 
sion to return to his own country, where he ar- 
rived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, 
John Adams, rendered illustrious by his signal 
services at home and abroad, was chosen Vice- 

President. Again, at the second election of Wash- 
ington as President, Adams was chosen Vice- 
President. In 1796, Washington retired from 
public life, and Mr. Adams was elected President, 
though not without much opposition. Serving 
in this office four years, he was succeeded by Mr. 
Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice-President the 
great French Revolution shook the continent of 
Europe, and it was upon this point that he was 
at issue with the majority of his countrymen, led 
by Mr. Jefferson. Mr. Adams felt no sympathy 
with the French people in their struggle, for he 
had no confidence in their power of self-govern- 
ment, and he utterly abhorred the class of atheist 
philosophers who, he claimed, caused it. On the 
other hand, Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence 
originated the alienation between these distin- 
tinguished men, and the two powerful parties were 
thus soon organized, with Adams at the head of 
the one whose sympathies were with England, 
and Jefferson leading the other in sympathy with 

, The Fourth of July, 1826, which completed the 
half-century since the signing of the Declaration 
of Independence, arrived, and there were but 
three of the signers of that immortal instrument 
left upon the earth to hail its morning light. 
And, as it is well known, on that day two of 
these finished their earthly pilgrimage, a coinci- 
dence so remarkable as to seem miraculous. For 
a few days before Mr. Adams had been rapidly 
failing, and on the morning of the Fourth he 
found himself too weak to rise from his bed. On 
being requested to name a toast for the cus- 
tomary celebration of the day, he exclaimed 
"Independence forever!" When the day was 
ushered in by the ringing of bells and the firing 
of cannons, he was asked by one of his attend- 
ants if he knew what day it was? He replied, 
' ' O yes, it is the glorious Fourth of July — God 
bless it — God bless you all!" In the course of 
the day he said, "It is a great and glorious 
day." The last words he uttered were, " Jeffei' 
son survives." But he had, at one o'clock, 
resigned his spirit into the hands of his God. 



^HOMAS JEFFERSON was born April 2, 
I C 1743, at Shadwell, Albemarle County, Va. 
\y His parents were Peter and Jane (Ran- 
dolph) JefFerson, the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in London. To them were 
born six daughters and two sons, of whom Thomas 
was the elder. When fourteen years of age his 
father died. He received a most liberal educa- 
tion, having been kept diligentl}' at school from 
the time he was five years of age. In 1760 he 
entered WilHam and Mary College. Williams- 
burg was then the seat of the Colonial court, and 
it was the abode of fashion and splendor. Young 
Jefferson, who was then seventeen years old, lived 
somewhat expensively, keeping fine horses, and 
going much into gay society; yet he was ear- 
nestly devoted to his studies, and irreproachable in 
his morals. In the second year of his college 
course, moved by some unexplained impulse, he 
discarded his old companions and pursuits, and 
often devoted fifteen hours a day to hard study. 
He thus attained very high intellectual culture, 
and a like excellence in philosophy and the lan- 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued 
in the practice of his profession he rose rapidly, 
and distinguished himself by his energy and 
acuteness as a lawj-er. But the times called for 
greater action . The policy of England had awak- 
ened the spirit of resistance in the American Col- 
onies, and the enlarged views which JefFerson had 
ever entertained soon led him into active politi- 
cal life. In 1 769 he was chosen a member of the 
Virginia House of Burgesses. In 1772 he mar- 

ried Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beautiful, 
wealthy, and highly accomplished young widow. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important com- 
mittees, and was chairman of the one appointed 
for the drawing up of a declaration of independ- 
ence. This committee consisted of Thomas Jef- 
ferson, John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger 
Sherman and Robert R. Livingston. Jefferson, 
as chairman, was appointed to draw up the paper. 
Franklin and Adams suggested a few verbal 
changes before it was submitted to Congress. On 
June 28, a few slight changes were made in it by 
Congress, and it was passed and signed July 4, 

In 1779 Mr. Jetferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry as Governor of Virginia. At one 
time the British officer Tarleton sent a secret 
expedition to Monticello to capture the Governor. 
Scarcely five minutes elapsed after the hurried 
escape of Mr. Jefferson and his family ere his 
mansion was in possession of the British troops. 
His wife's health, never very good, was much 
injured by this excitement, and in the summer 
of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Pleni- 
potentiary to France. Returning to the United 
States in September, 1789, he became Secretary 
of State in Washington's cabinet. This position 
he resigned January i, 1794. In 1797, he was 
chosen Vice-President, and four years later was 
elected President over Mr. Adams, with Aaron 



Burr as Vice-President. In 1804 he was re- 
elected with wonderful unanimity, George CUn- 
ton being elected Vice-President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second ad- 
ministration was disturbed by an event which 
threatened the tranquillity and peace of the Union; 
this was the conspiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated 
in the late election to the Vice-Presidency, and 
led on by an unprincipled ambition, this extraor- 
dinary man formed the plan of a military ex- 
pedition into the Spanish territories on our south- 
western frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This was generallj' supposed 
to have been a mere pretext; and although it has 
not been generally known what his real plans 
were, there is no doubt that they were of a far 
more dangerous character. 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term 
for which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he de- 
termined to retire from political life. For a period 
of nearly forty years he had been continually be- 
fore the public, and all that time had been em- 
ployed in offices of the greatest trust and respon- 
sibility. Having thus devoted the best part of 
his life to the service of his countr>^, he now felt 
desirous of that rest which his declining years re- 
quired, and upon the organization of the new ad- 
ministration, in March, 1809, he bade farewell for- 
•?ver to public life and retired to Monticello, his 
famous country home, which, next to Mt. Vernon, 
was the most distinguished residence in the land. 

The Fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth an- 
niversary of the Declaration of American Inde- 
pendence, great preparations were made in every 
part of the Union for its celebration as the nation's 
jubilee, and the citizens of Washington, to add to 
the solemnity of the occasion, invited Mr. Jeffer- 
son, as the framer and one of the few surviving 
signers of the Declaration, to participate in their 
festivities. But an illness, which had been of 
several weeks' duration and had been continually 
increasing, compelled him to decline the invita- 

On the 2d of July the disease under which he 
was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was 

perfectly sensible that his last hour was at hand. 
On the next day, which was Monday, he asked 
of those around him the day of the month, and 
on being told it was the 3d of July, he ex- 
pressed the earnest wish that he might be per- 
mitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth anniver- 
sary. His prayer was heard — that day whose 
dawn was hailed with such lapture through our 
land burst upon his eyes, and then they were 
closed forever. And what a noble consummation 
of a noble life! To die on that day — the birth- 
day of a nation — the day v.hich his own name 
and his own act had rendered glorious, to die 
amidst the rejoicings and festivities of a whole 
nation, who looked up to him as the author, un- 
der God, of their greatest blessings, was all that 
was wanting to fill up the record of his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the sceneof his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the cham- 
pions of fireedom; hand in hand, during the dark 
and desperate struggle of the Revolution, they 
had cheered and animated their desponding coun- 
trymen; for half a century they had labored to- 
gether for the good of the country, and now hand 
in hand they departed. In their lives they had 
been united in the same great cause of liberty, 
and in their deaths they were not divided. 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair, originally red, in after life be- 
came white and silvery, his complexion was fair, 
his forehead broad, and his whole countenance 
intelligent and thoughtful. He possessed great 
fortitude of mind as well as personal courage, and 
his command of temper was such that his oldest 
and most intimate friends never recollected to 
have seen him in a passion. His manners, though 
dignified, were simple and unaffected, and his 
hospitality was so unbounded that all found at 
his house a ready welcome. In conversation he 
was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic, and his 
language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writ- 
ings is discernible the care with which he formed 
his style upon the best models of antiquity. 



(Tames MADISON, "Father of the Consti- 

I tution," and fourth President of the United 
Q) States, was born March i6, 1757, and died 
at his home in Virginia June 28, 1836. The 
name of James Madison is inseparably connected 
with most of the important events in that heroic 
period of our country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubUc were laid. He was 
the last of the founders of the Constitution of the 
United States to be called to his eternal reward. 

The Madison family were among the early emi- 
grants to the New World, landing upon the shores 
of the Chesapeake but fifteen years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of James Madison 
was an opulent planter, residing upon a very fine 
estate called Montpelier, in Orange County, Va. 
It was but twenty-five miles from the home of Jef- 
ferson at Monticello, and the closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustri- 
ous men from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was con- 
ducted mostly at home under a private tutor. At 
the age of eighteen he was sent to Princeton Col- 
lege, in New Jersey. Here he applied himself to 
study with the most imprudent zeal, allowing him- 
self for months but three hours' sleep out of the 
twenty-four. His health thus became so seriously 
impaired that he never recovered any vigor of 
constitution. He graduated in 1 77 1 , with a feeble 
body, but with a character of utmost purity, and 
a mind highly disciplined and richly stored with 
learning, which embellished and gave efiiciency 
to his subsequent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study 
of law and a course of extensive and systematic 
reading. This educational course, the spirit of 
the times in which he lived, and the society with 
which he associated, all combined to inspire him 
with a strong love of liberty, and to train him for 
his life-work as a statesman. 

In the spring of 1776, when twenty -six years of 

age, he was elected a member of the Virginia Con- 
vention to frame the constitution of the State. The 
next year (1777), he was a candidate for the Gen- 
eral Assembly. He refused to treat the whisky-lov- 
ing voters, and consequently lost his election ; but 
those who had witnessed the talent, energy and 
public spirit of the modest young man enlisted 
themselves in his behalf, and he was appointed to 
the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of. Virginia while ]\Ir. Madi.son re- 
mained member of the Council, and their apprecia- 
tion of his intellectual, social and moral worth 
contributed not a little to his subsequent eminence. 
In the year 1780 he was elected a member of the 
Continental Congress. Here he met the most il- 
lustrious men in our land, and he was immediately 
assigned to one ot the most conspicuous positions 
among them. For three years he continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential mem- 
bers. In 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no 
national government, and no power to form trea- 
ties which would be binding, or to enforce law. 
There was not any State more prominent than 
Virginia in the declaration that an efl&cient na- 
tional government must be formed. In January, 
1786, Mr. Madison carried a resolution through 
the General Assembly of Virginia, inviting the 
other States to appoint commissioners to meet in 
convention at Annapolis to discuss this subject. 
Five States only were represented. The conven- 
tion, however, issued another call, drawn up by 
Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the 
place of the Confederate League. The delegates 
met at the time appointed. Every State but 
Rhode Island was represented. George Washing- 



ton was chosen president of the convention, and the 
present Constitution of the United States was then 
and there formed. There was, perhaps, no mind 
and no pen more active in framing this immortal 
document than the mind and the pen of James 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote of eighty-one 
to seventy-nine, was to be presented to the several 
States for acceptance. But grave solicitude was 
felt. Should it be rejected, we should be left but a 
.'onglomeration of independent States, with but 
little power at home and little respect abroad. Mr. 
Madison was elected by the convention to draw up 
an address to the people of the United States, ex- 
pounding the principles of the Constitution, and 
urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but at length it triumphed over all, 
and went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became 
the avowed leader of the Republican party. While 
in New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. 
Todd, a young widow of remarkable pov>'er of fas- 
cination, whom he married. She was in person 
and character queenly, and probaby no lady has 
thus far occupied so prominent a position in the 
very peculiar society which has constituted our 
republican court as did Mis. Madison. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of 
war. British orders in council destroyed our com- 
merce, and our flag was exposed to constant insult. 
Mr. Madison was a man of peace. Scholarly in 
his taste, retiring in his disposition, war had no 
charms for him. But the meekest spirit can be 
roused. It makes one's blood boil, even now, to 
think of an American ship brought to upon the 
ocean by the guns of an English cruiser. A 
young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great non- 
chalance he selects any number whom he may 
please to designate as British subjects, orders them 
down the ship's side into his boat, and places them 
on the gundeck of his man-of-war, to fight, by 

compulsion, the battles of England. This right 

of search and impressment no efforts of our Gov- 
ernment could induce the British cabinet to re- 

On the iSthofJune, 1812, President Madison 
gave his approval to an act of Congress declaring 
war against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the 
bitter hostility of the Federal party to the war, the 
country in general approved; and Mr. Madison, 
on the 4th of March, 18 13, was re-elected by a 
large majority, and entered upon his second term 
of office. This is not the place to describe the 
various adventures of this war on the land and on 
the water. Our infant navy then laid the found- 
ations of its renown in grappling with the most 
formidable power which ever swept the seas. The 
contest commenced in earnest by the appearance 
of a British fleet, early in February, 18 13, in 
Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole coast 
of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as 
mediator. America accepted; England refused. 
A British force of five thousand men landed on the 
banks of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into 
Chesapeake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of 
Bladensburg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was 
thrown into consternation. The cannon of the 
brief conflict at Bladensburg echoed through the 
streets of the metropolis. The whole population 
fled from the city. The President, leaving Mrs. 
Madison in the White House, with her carriage 
drawn up at the door to await his speedy return, 
hurried to meet the officers in a council of war. 
He met our troops utterly routed, and he could not 
go back without danger of being captured. But 
few hours elapsed ere the Presidential Mansion, 
the Capitol, and all the public buildings in Wash- 
ington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and 
on February 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was 
signed at Ghent. On the 4th of March, 18 17, his 
second term of office expired, and he resigned the 
Presidential chair to his friend, James Monroe. 
He retired to his beautiful home at Montpelier, and 
there passed the remainder of his days. On June 
28, 1836, at the age of eighty-five years, he fell 
asleep in death. Mrs. Madison died July 12, 1849. 



QAM^S MONROE, the fifth President of the 
I United States, was born in Westmoreland 
Qj County, Va., April 28, 1758. His early life 
was passed at the place of his nativity. His an- 
cestors had for many years resided in the province 
in which he was born. When he was seventeen 
years old, and in process of completing his educa- 
tion at William and Mary College, the Colonial 
Congress, assembled at Philadelphia to deliberate 
upon the unjust and manifold oppressions of Great 
Britain, declared the separation of the Colonies, 
and promulgated the Declaration of Independence. 
Had he been born ten j^ears before, it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the 
signers of that celebrated instrument. At this 
time he left school and enlisted among the pa- 

He joined the army when everything looked 
hopeless and gloomy. The number of deserters 
increased from day to day. The invading armies 
came pouring in, and the Tories not only favored 
the cause of the mother country, but disheartened 
the new recruits, who were sufficiently terrified 
at the prospect of contending with an enemy 
whom they had been taught to deem invincible. 
To such brave spirits as James Monroe, who went 
right onward undismayed through difficulty and 
danger, the United States owe their political 
emancipation. The young cadet joined the ranks 
and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die in her 
strife for liberty. Firmly, yet sadlj-, he shared in 
the melancholy retreat from Harlem Heights 
and White Plains, and accompanied the dispirited 
army as it fled before its foes through New Jersey. 
In four months after the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, the patriots had been beaten in seven 
battles. At the battle of Trenton he led the van- 
guard, and in the act of charging upon the enemy 
he received a wound in the left shoulder. 


As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was 
promoted to be captain of infantrj-, and, having re- 
covered from his wounds, he rejoined the army. 
He, however, receded from the line of promotion 
by becoming an officer on the staff of L,ord Ster- 
ling. During the campaigns of 1777 and 1778, 
in the actions of Brandywine, Germantown and 
Monmouth, he continued aide-de-camp; but be- 
coming desirous to regain his position in the 
army, he exerted himself to collect a regiment for 
the Virginia line. This scheme failed, owing to 
the exhausted condition of the State. Upon this 
failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued with consid- 
erable ardor the study of common law. He did 
not, however, entirely lay aside the knapsack for 
the green bag, but on the invasion of the enemy 
served as a volunteer during the two years of his 
legal pursuits. 

In 1782 he was elected from King George 
County a member of the Legislature of Virginia, 
and by that body he was elevated to a seat in the 
Executive Council. He was thus honored with 
the confidence of his fellow-citizens at twenty- 
three years of age, and having at this early period 
displayed some of that ability and aptitude foi 
legislation which were afterward employed with 
unremitting energy for the public good, he was 
in the succeeding year chosen a member of the 
Congress of the United States. 

Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of 
the old Confederacy, he was opposed to the new 
Constitution, thinking, with many others of the 
Republican party, that it gave too much power to 
the Central Government, and not enough to the 
individual States. Still he retained the esteem 
of his friends who were its warm supporters, and 
who, notwithstanding his opposition, secured its 
adoption. In 1789 he became a member of the 
United States Senate, which office he held for 



four years. Every month the line of distinction 
between the two great parties which divided the 
nation, the Federal and the Republican, was 
growing more distinct. The differences which 
now separated them lay in the fact that the Repub- 
lican party was in sympathy with France, and 
also in favor of such a strict construction of the 
Constitution as to give the Central Government as 
little power, and the State Governmtnts as much 
power, as the Constitution would warrant; while 
the Federalists sympathized with England, and 
were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could pos- 
sibly authorize. 

Washington was then President. England had 
espoused the cause of the Bourbons against the 
principles of the French Revolution. All Europe 
was drawn into the conflict. We were feeble and 
far away. Washington issued a proclamation of 
neutrality between these contending powers. 
France had helped us in the struggles for our 
liberties. All the despotisms of Europe were now 
combined to prevent the French from escaping 
from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse than that 
which we had endured. Col. Monroe, more mag- 
nanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a gener- 
ous and noble nature, and Washington, who could 
appreciate such a character, showed his calm, se- 
rene, almost divine, greatness, by appointing that 
very James Monroe who was denouncing the pol- 
icy of the Government, as the minister of that 
Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Conven- 
tion in France with the most enthusiastic dem- 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. 
Monroe was elected Governor of Virginia, and 
held the office for three years. He was again 
sent to France to co-operate with Chancellor Liv- 
ingston in obtaining the vast territory then known 
as the province of Louisiana, which France had 
but shortly before obtained from Spain. Their 
united efforts were successful. For the compara- 
tively small sum of fifteen millions of dollars, the 

entire territory of Orleans and district of Loui- 
siana were added to the United States. This was 
probably the largest transfer of real estate which 
was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to 
obtain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against 
those odious impressments of our seamen. But 
England was unrelenting. He again returned to 
England on the same mission, but could receive 
no redress. He returned to his home and was 
again cho.sen Governor of Virginia. This he soon 
resigned to accept the position of Secretary of 
State under Madison. While in this office war 
with England was declared, the Secretary of War 
resigned, and during these trying times the 
duties of the War Department were also put upon 
him. He was truly the armor-bearer of President 
Madison, and the most efficient business man in 
his cabinet. Upon the return of peace he re- 
signed the Department of War, but continued in 
the office of Secretary of State until the expira- 
tion of Mr. Madison's administration. At the 
election held the previous autumn, Mr. Monroe 
himself had been chosen President with but little 
opposition, and upon March 4, 1817, he was in- 
augurated. Four years later he was elected for 
a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presi- 
dency were the cession of Florida to the United 
States, the Missouri Compromise, and the famous 
"Monroe doctrine." This doctrine was enun- 
ciated by him in 1823, and was as follows: ' ' That 
we should consider any attempt on the part of 
European powers to extend their system to any 
portion of this hemisphere as dangerous to our 
peace and safety," and that " we could not view 
any interposition for the purpose of oppressing or 
controlling American governments or provinces 
in any other light than as a manifestation by 
European powers of an unfriendly disposition 
toward the United States. ' ' 

At the end of his second term, Mr. Monroe re- 
tired to his home in Virginia, where he lived un- 
til 1830, when he went to New York to live with 
his son-in-law. In that city he died, on the 4th 
of July, 1831. 



QOHN QUINCY ADAMS, the sixth President 

I of the United States, was born in the rural 
(2/ home of his honored father, John Adams, in 
Quincy, Mass., on the nth of July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted worth, watched over 
his childhood during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but eight years of 
age, he stood with his mother on an eminence, 
li.stening to the booming of the great battle on 
Bunker's Hill, and gazing out upon the smoke 
and flames billowing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he took a tearful 
adieu of his mother, to sail with his father for Eu- 
rope, through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. 
The bright, animated boy spent a year and a-half 
in Paris, where his father was associated with 
Franklin and L,ee as Minister Plenipotentiary. 
His intelligence attracted the notice of these dis- 
tinguished men, and he received from them flat- 
tering marks of attention. 

John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. 
Again John Quincy accompanied his father. At 
Paris he applied himself to study with great dil- 
igence for six months, and then accompanied his 
father to Holland, where he entered first a school 
in Amsterdam, .then the University at Leyden. 
About a year from this time, in 1781, when the 
manly boy was but fourteen years of age, he was 
selected by Mr. Dana, our Minister to the Rus- 
sian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of ennobl- 
ing culture he spent fourteen months, and then 
returned to Holland, through Sweden, Denmark, 
Hamburg and Bremen. This long journey he 
took alone in the winter, when in his sixteenth 
year. Again he resumed his studies, under a pri- 
vate tutor, at The Hague. Then, in the spring of 
1782, he accompanied his father to Paris, travel- 
ing leisurely, and forming acquaintances with the 
most distinguished men on the continent, examin- 

ing architectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he 
again became associated with the most illustrious 
men of all lands in the contemplation of the 
loftiest temporal themes which can engross the 
human mind. After a short visit to England he 
returned to Paris, and consecrated all his energies 
to study until May, 1785, when he returned to 
America to finish his education. 

Upon leaving Harvard College at the age of 
twenty, he studied law for three years. In J^ne, 
1794, being then but twenty-seven years of age, 
he was appointed by Washington Resident Min- 
ister at the Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in 
July, he reached London in October, where he 
was immediately admitted to the deliberations 0/ 
Messrs. Jay & Pinckney, assisting them in nego- 
tiating a commercial treaty with Great Britain. 
After thus spending a fortnight in London, he 
proceeded to The Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left The Hague to go to Por- 
tugal as Minister Plenipotentiary. On his way to 
Portugal, upon arriving in London, he met with 
despatches directing him to the court of Berlin, but 
requesting him to remain in London until he 
should receive his instructions. While waiting 
he was married to an American lady, to whom he 
had been previously engaged — Miss Louisa Cath- 
erine Johnson, a daughter of Joshua Johnson, 
American Consul in London, and a lady en- 
dowed with that beauty and those accomplish- 
ments which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined. He 
reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797, 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, hav- 
ing fulfilled all the purposes of his mission, he so- 
licited his recall. 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen 
to the Senate of Massachusetts from Boston , and 
then was elected Senator of the United States for 
six years, from the 4th of March, 1804. His rep- 
utation, his ability and his experience placed 



him immediately among the most prominent and 
influential members of that body. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the 
Presidential chair, and he immediately nominated 
John Quincy Adams Minister to St. Petersburgh. 
Resigning his professorship in Harvard Col- 
lege, he embarked at Boston in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense 
student. He devoted his attention to the lan- 
guage and history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; 
to the European system of weights, measures and 
coins; to the climate and astronomical observa- 
tions; while he kept up a familiar acquaintance 
with the Greek and L,atin classics. In all the 
universities of Europe, a more accomplished 
scholar could scarcely be found. All through 
life the Bible constituted an important part of his 
studies. It was his rule to read five chapters 
every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took 
the Presidential chair, and immediately appointed 
Mr. Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of 
his numerous friends in public and private life in 
Europe, he sailed in June, 18 19, for the United 
States. On the i8th of August, he again crossed 
the threshold of his home in Quincy. During the 
eight years of Mr. Monroe's administration, Mr. 
Adams continued Secretary of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's 
second term of office, new candidates began to be 
presented for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. 
Adams brought forward his name. It was an 
exciting campaign, and party spirit was never 
more bitter. Two hundred and sixty electoral 
votes were cast. Andrew Jackson received ninety- 
nine; John Quincy Adams eighty-four; William 
H. Crawford forty-one; and Henry Clay thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, 
the question went to the House of Representa- 
tives. Mr. Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to 
Mr. Adams, and he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates 
now combined in a venomous and persistent as- 
sault upon Mr. Adams. There is nothing more 
disgraceful in the past history of our country than 
the abuse which was poured in one uninterrupted 
stream upon this high-minded, upright and pa- 

triotic man. There never was an administration 
more pure in principles, more conscientiously de- 
voted to the best interests of the country, than 
that of John Quincy Adams; and never, perhaps, 
was there an administration more unscrupulously 
and outrageously assailed. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidenc}', and was succeeded by An- 
drew Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected 
Vice-President. The slavery question now be- 
gan to assume portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams 
returned to Quincy and to his studies, which he 
pursued with unabated zeal. But he was not 
long permitted to remain in retirement. In No- 
vember, 1830, he was elected Representative in 
Congress. For seventeen years, or until his death, 
he occupied the post as Representative, towering 
above all his peers, ever ready to do brave battle 
for freedom, and winning the title of "the Old 
Man Eloquent." Upon taking his seat in the 
House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never 
was a member more devoted to his duties. He 
was usually the first in his place in the morning, 
and the last to leave his seat in the evening. 
Not a measure could be brought forward and es- 
cape his scrutiny. The battle which Mr. Adams 
fought, almost singly, against the pro-slavery 
party in the Government was sublime in its 
moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, 
he was threatened with indictment by the grand 
jury, with expulsion from the House, with assas- 
sination; but no threats could intimidate him, and 
his final triumph was complete. 

On the 2ist of February, 1848, he rose on the 
floor of Congress with a paper in his hand, to 
address the speaker. Suddenly he fell, again 
stricken by paralysis, and was caught in the arms 
of those around him. For a time he was sense- 
less, as he was conveyed to the sofa in the ro- 
tunda. With reviving consciousness, he opened 
his eyes, looked calmly around and said ' ' This 
is the end of earth;" then after a moment's pause 
he added, " I am content." These were the last 
words of the grand ' ' Old Man Eloquent. ' ' 



GJnDREW JACKSON, the seventh President 
Ll of the United States, was born in Waxhaw 
/ I settlement, N. C, March 15, 1767, a few 
days after his father's death. His parents were 
poor emigrants from Ireland, and took up their 
abode in Waxhaw settlement, where they lived 
in deepest poverty. 

Andrew, or Andy, as he was universally called, 
grew up a very rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form ungainly, and there 
was but very little in his character made visible 
which was attractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the 
volunteers of Carolina against the British invasion. 
In 1 78 1, he and his brother Robert were captured 
and imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British 
officer ordered him to brush his mud-spattered 
boots. "lam a prisoner of war, not your serv- 
ant," was the reply of the dauntless boy. 

Andrew supported himselfin various ways, such 
as working at the saddler's trade, teaching school, 
and clerking in a general store, until 1784, when 
he entered a law office at Salisbun-, N. C. He, 
however, gave more attention to the wild amuse- 
ments of the times than to his studies. In 1788, 
he was appointed solicitor for the Western District 
of North Carolina, of which Tennessee was then 
a part. This involved many long journeys amid 
dangers of every kind, but Andrew Jackson never 
knew fear, and the Indians had no desire to re- 
peat a skirmish with "Sharp Knife." 

In 1 79 1, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman 
who supposed herself divorced from her former 
husband. Great was the surprise of both parties, 
two years later, to find that the conditions of the 
divorce had just been definitely settled by the 
first husband. The marriage ceremony was per- 
formed a second time, but the occurrence was 
often used by his enemies to bring Mr. Jackson 
into disfavor. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee 
then containing nearly eighty thousand inhabi- 
tants, the people met in convention at Knoxville 
to frame a constitution. Five were sent from 
each of the eleven counties. Andrew Jackson 
was one of the delegates. The new State was 
entitled to but one member in the National House 
of Representatives. Andrew Jackson was chosen 
that member. Mounting his horse, he rode to 
Philadelphia, where Congress then held its ses- 
sions, a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party, and Jefferson was his idol. He ad- 
mired Bonaparte, loved France, and hated Eng- 
land. As Mr. Jackson took his seat, Gen. Wash- 
ington, whose second term of office was then 
expiring, delivered his last speech to Congress. 
A committee drew up a complimentary address in 
reply. Andrew Jackson did not approve of the 
address, and was one of the twelve who voted 
against it. He was not willing to say that Gen. 
Washington's administration had been "wise, 
firm and patriotic. ' ' 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned 
home. Soon after he was chosen Judge of the 
Supreme Court of his State, which position he 
held for six years. 

When the War of 18 12 with Great Britain com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there 
was an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jack- 
son, who would do credit to a commission if one 
were conferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. 
Jackson offered his ser\'ices and those of twenty- 
five hundred volunteers. His offer was accepted, 
and the troops v.ere assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make 
an attack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wil- 
kinson was in command, he was ordered to de- 


scend the river with hiteen hundred troops to aid 
Wilkinson. The expedition reached Natchez, 
and after a delay of several weeks there without 
accomplishing anything, the men were ordered 
back to their homes. But the energy Gen. Jack- 
son had displayed, and his entire devotion to the 
comfort of his soldiers, won for him golden opin- 
ions, and he became the most popular man in the 
State. It was in this expedition that his tough- 
ness gave him the nickname of "Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip 
Col. Thomas Benton for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking part as second in a duel 
in which a younger brother of Benton's was en- 
gaged, he received two severe pistol wounds. 
While he was lingering upon a bed of suffering, 
news came that the Indians, who had combined 
under Tecumseh from Florida to the Lakes to ex- 
terminate the white settlers, were committing the 
most awful ravages. Decisive action became nec- 
essary. Gen. Jackson, with his fractured bone 
just beginning to heal, his arm in a sling, and 
unable to mount his horse without assistance, 
gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Ala. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong 
fort on one of the bends of the Tallapoosa River, 
near the center of Alabama, about fifty miles be- 
low Ft. Strother. With an army of two thousand 
men, Gen. Jackson traversed the pathless wilder- 
ness in a march of eleven days. He reached their 
fort, called Tohopeka or Horse-shoe, on the 27th 
of March, 1814. The bend of the river enclosed 
nearly one hundred acres of tangled forest and 
wild ravine. Across the narrow neck the Indians 
had constructed a formidable breastwork of logs 
and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, with 
an ample supply of arms, were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly 
desperate. Not an Indian would accept quarter. 
When bleeding and dying, they would fight those 
who endeavored to spare their lives. From ten 
in the morning until dark the battle raged. The 
carnage was awful and revolting. Some threw 
themselves into the river; but the unerring bul- 
lets struck their heads as thev swam. Nearly 
every one of the nine hundred warriors was 

killed. A few, probably, in the night swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. 

This closing of the Creek War enabled us to 
concentrate all our militia upon the British, who 
were the allies of the Indians. No man of less 
resolute will than Gen. Jackson could have con- 
ducted this Indian campaign to so successful an 
issue. Immediately he was appointed Major- 

L,ate in August, with an army of two thousand 
men on a rushing march, Gen. Jack.son went to 
Mobile. A British fleet went from Pensacola, 
landed a force upon the beach, anchored near the 
little fort, and from both ship and shore com- 
menced a furious assault. The battle was long 
and doubtful. At length one of the ships was 
blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his 
little army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
and the battle of New Orleans, which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This 
won for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. 
Here his troops, which numbered about four 
thousand men, won a signal victory over the 
British army of about nine thousand. His loss 
was but thirteen, while the loss of the British was 
twenty-six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be 
mentioned in connection with the Presidency, 
but in 1824 he was defeated by Mr. Adams. 
He was, however, successful in the election of 
1828, and was re-elected for a second term in 
1832. In 1829, just before he assumed the reins 
of government, he met with the most terrible 
affliction of his life in the death of his wife, whom 
he had loved with a devotion which has perhaps 
never been surpassed. From the shock of her 
death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most mem- 
orable in the annals of our country — applauded 
by one party, condemned by the other. No man 
had more bitter enemies or warmer friends. At 
the expiration of his two terms of office he retired 
to the Hermitage, where he died June 8, 1845. The 
last 3'ears of Mr. Jackson's life were those of a de- 
voted Christian man. 



ARTIN VAN BUREN, the eighth Presi- 
dent of the United States, was born at Kin- 
derhook, N. Y., December 5, 1782. He 
died at the same place, July 24, 1862. His body 
rests in the cemetery at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft, fifteen feet high, bearing a 
simple inscription about half-way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered or unbounded 
by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van 
Buren of romantic interest. He fought no battles, 
engaged in no wild adventures. Though his life 
was stormy in political and intellectual conflicts, 
and he gained many signal victories, his days 
passed uneventful in those incidents which give 
zest to biography. His ancestors, as his name indi- 
cates, were of Dutch origin, and were among the 
earliest emigrants from Holland to the banks of 
the Hudson. His father was a farmer, residing 
in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, also 
of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing 
unusual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At 
the age of fourteen, he had finished his academic 
studies in his native village, and commenced the 
study of law. As he had not a collegiate educa- 
tion, seven years of study in a law-oflSce were re- 
quired of him before he could be admitted to the 
Bar. Inspired with a lofty ambition, and con- 
scious of his powers, he pursued his studies with 
indefatigable industr>-. After spending six years 
in an office in his native village, he went to the city 
of New York, and prosecuted his studies for the 
seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years 

of age, commenced the practice of law in his na- 
tive village. The great conflict between the Federal 
and Republican parties was then at its height. 
Mr. Van Buren was from the beginning a politi- 
cian. He had, perhaps, imbibed that spirit while 
listening to the manj' discussions which had been 
carried on in his father's hotel. He was in cordial 
sympathy with Jeff"erson, and earnestly and elo- 
quently espoused the cause of State Rights, though 
at that time the Federal party held the supremacy 
both in his town and State. 

His success and increasing reputation led him 
after six years of practice to remove to Hudson, 
the county seat of his county. Here he spent 
seven years, constantly gaining strength by con- 
tending in the courts with some of the ablest men 
who have adorned the Bar of his State. 

I Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 

' Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, a victim of con- 
sumption, leaving her husband and four sons to 
weep over her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. 
Van Buren was an earnest, successful, assiduous 

1 lawyer. The record of those years is barren in 

! items of public interest. In 18 12, when thirty 
years of age, he was chosen to the State Senate, 
and gave his strenuous support to Mr. Madison's 
administration. In 18 15, he was appointed At- 
torney-General, and the next year moved to Al- 
bany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
prominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 
the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that ' 'universal suffrage' ' which admit? 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the righl 


of governing the State. In true consistency with 
his democratic principles, he contended that, while 
the path leading to the privilege of voting should 
be open to every man without distinction, no one 
should be invested with that sacred prerogative 
unless he were in some degree qualified for it by 
intelligence, virtue, and some property interests in 
the welfare of the State. 

In 182 1 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate, and in the same year he took a 
seat in the convention to revise the Constitution of 
his native State. His course in this convention 
secured the approval of men of all parties. No 
one could doubt the singleness of his endeavors to 
promote the interests of all classes in the com- 
munity. In the Senate of the United States, he 
rose at once to a conspicuous position as an active 
and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected 
to the Senate. He had been from the beginning 
a detennined opposer of the administration, adopt- 
ing the ' 'State Rights' ' view in opposition to what 
was deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governor 
of the State of New York, and accordingly resigned 
his seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the 
United States contributed so much towards eject- 
ing John Q. Adams from the Presidential chair, 
and placing in it Andrew Jackson, as did Martin 
Van Buren. Whether entitled to the reputation 
or not, he certainly was regarded throughout the 
United States as one of the most skillful, sagacious 
and cunning of politicians. It was supposed that 
no one knew so well as he how to touch the secret 
springs of action, how to pull all the wires to 
put his machinery in motion, and how to organize 
a political anny which would secretly and stealth- 
ily accomplish the most gigantic results. By these 
powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, Mr. 
Clay, and Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
,ew then thought could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President 
he appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. 
This position he resigned in 1831, and was im- 
mediately appointed Minister to England, where 
he went the same autumn. The Senate, however. 

when it met, refused to ratify the nomination, and 
he returned home, apparently untroubled. Later 
he was nominated Vice-President in the place of 
Calhoun, at the re-election of President Jackson, 
and with smiles for all and frowns for none, he 
took his place at the head of that Senate which had 
refused to confirm his nomination as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal 
of President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated 
favorite; and this, probably, more than any other 
cause secured his elevation to the chair of the 
Chief Executive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. 
Van Buren received the Democratic nomination 
to succeed Gen. Jackson as President of the United 
States. He was elected by a handsome majority, 
to the delight of the retiring President. ' 'Leaving 
New York out of the canvass," says Mr. Parton, 
' 'the election of Mr. Van Buren to the Presidency 
was as much the act of Gen. Jackson as though 
the Constitution had conferred upon him the power 
to appoint a successor. ' ' 

His administration was filled with exciting 
events. The insurrection in Canada, which 
threatened to involve this country in war with 
England, the agitation of the slavery question, 
and finally the great commercial panic which 
spread over the countrj', all were trials of his wis- 
dom. The financial distress was attributed to 
the management of the Democratic party, and 
brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election, and on the 4th of March, 
1 84 1, he retired from the presidency. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the ' 'Free Soil' ' Democrats in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. He had ever been a prudent man, of 
frugal habits, and, living within his income, had 
now fortunately a competence for his declining 
years. From his fine estate at Lindenwald, he 
still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, 
on the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty 
years, he resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of 
leisure, of culture and wealth, enjoying in a 
healthy old age probably far more happiness than 
he had before experienced amid the stormy scenes 
of his active life. 



Piasident of the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., February 9, 1773. His 
father, Benjamin Harrison, was in comparatively 
opulent circumstances, and was one of the most 
distinguished men of his day. He was an inti- 
mate friend of George Washington, was early 
elected a member of the Continental Congress, 
and was conspicuous among the patriots of Vir- 
ginia in resisting the encroachments of the British 
crown. In the celebrated Congress of 1775, Ben- 
jamin Harrison and John Hancock were both 
candidates for the ofHce of Speaker. 

Mr. Harrison was subsequently chosen Gov- 
ernor of Virginia, and was twice re-elected. His 
son William Henry, of course, enjoyed in child- 
hood all the advantages which wealth and intel- 
lectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school educa- 
tion, he entered Hampden Sidney College, where 
he graduated wath honor soon after the death of 
his father. He then repaired to Philadelphia to 
study medicine under the instructions of Dr. Rush 
and the guardianship of Robert Morris, both of 
whom were, with his father, signers of the Dec- 
laration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and 
notwithstanding the remonstrances of his friends, 
he abandoned his medical studies and entered the 
army, having obtained a commission as Ensign 
from President Washington. He was then but 
nineteen years old. From that time he passed 
gradually upward in rank until he became aide 
to Gen. Wayne, after whose death he resigned 
his commission. He was then appointed Secre- 
tary of the Northwestern Territory. This Terri- 
tory was then entitled to but one member in Con- 

gress, and Harrison was chosen to fill that position. 
In the .spring of 1800 the Northwestern Terri- 
tory was divided by Congress into two portions. 
The eastern portion, comprising the region now 
embraced in the State of Ohio, was called "The 
Territory northwest of the Ohio." The western 
portion, which included what is now called Indi- 
ana, Illinois and Wisconsin, was called "the Indi- 
ana Territory." William Henry Harrison, then 
twenty-seven years of age, was appointed by John 
Adams Governor of the Indiana Territory, and 
immediately after also Governor of Upper Loui- 
siana. He was thus ruler over almost as exten- 
sive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. 
He was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and 
was invested with powers nearly dictatorial over 
the then rapidly increasing white population. The 
ability and fidelity with which he discharged 
these responsible duties may be inferred from the 
fact that he was four times appointed to this 
office — first by John Adams, twice by Thomas 
Jefferson, and afterwards by President Madison. 

When he began his administration there were 
but three white settlements in that almost bound- 
less region, now crowded with cities and resound- 
ing with all the tumult of wealth and traffic. 
One of these settlements was on the Ohio, nearly 
opposite Louisville; one at Vincennes, on the 
Wabash; and the third was a French settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. 
About the year 1806, two extraordinary men, 
twin brothers of the Shawnee tribe, rose among 
them. One of these was called Tecumseh, or 
"the Crouching Panther;" the other OUiwa- 
checa, or "the Prophet." Tecumseh was nor 
only an Indian warrior, but a man of great sagac- 



ity, far-reaching foresight and indomitable perse- 
verance in any enterprise in which he might en- 
gage. His brother, the Prophet, was an orator, 
who could sway the feelings of the untutored In- 
dians as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath 
which they dwelt. With an enthusiasm unsur- 
passed by Peter the Hermit rousing Europe to the 
crusades, he went from tribe to tribe, assuming 
that he was specially sent by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to con- 
ciliate the Indians, but at last war came, and at 
Tippecanoe the Indians were routed with great 
slaughter. October 28, 18 12, his army began its 
march. When near the Prophet's town, three 
Indians of rank made their appearance and in- 
quired why Gov. Harrison was approaching them 
in so hostile an attitude. After a short confer- 
ence, arrangements were made for a meeting the 
next day to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted 
with the Indian character to be deceived by such 
protestations. Selecting a favorable spot for his 
night's encampment, he took every precaution 
against surprise. His troops were posted in a 
hollow square and slept upon their arms. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock 
in the morning, had risen, and was sitting 
in conversation with his aides by the embers 
of a waning fire. It was a chill, cloudy morning, 
with a drizzling rain. In the darkness, the In- 
dians had crept as near as possible, and just then, 
with a savage yell, rushed, with all the despera- 
tion which superstition and passion most highly 
inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply pro- 
vided with guns and ammunition by the English, 
and their war-whoop was accompanied by a 
shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as 
the light aided the Indians in their aim, and 
Gen. Harrison's troops stood as immovable as 
the rocks around them until day dawned, when 
they made a simultaneous charge with the bayo- 
net and swept everything before them, completely 
routing the foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
fo the utmost. The British, descending from the 

Canadas, were of themselves a very formidable 
force, but with their savage allies rushing like 
wolves from the forest, burning, plundering, scalp- 
ing, torturing, the wide frontier was plunged into 
a state of consternation which even the most vivid 
imagination can but faintly conceive. Gen. Hull 
had made an ignominious surrender of his forces at 
Detroit. Under these despairing circumstances. 
Gov. Harrison was appointed by President Madi- 
son Commander-in-Chief of the Northwestern 
Army, with orders to retake Detroit and to protect 
the frontiers. It would be difiicult to place a man 
in a situation demanding more energy, sagacity 
and courage, but he was found equal to the 
position, and nobly and triumphantly did he meet 
all the responsibilities. 

In 1 8 16, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member 
of the National House of Representatives, to rep- 
resent the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved 
an active member, and whenever he spoke it was 
with a force of reason and power of eloquence 
which arrested the attention of all the members. 

In 18 1 9, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio, and in 1824, as one of the Presidential Elec- 
tors of that State, he gave his vote for Henry 
Clay. The same year he was chosen to the Uni- 
ted States Senate. In 1836 his friends brought 
him forward as a candidate foi' the Presidency 
against Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the 
close of Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nom- 
inated by his party, and Mr. Harrison was unani- 
mously nominated by the Whigs, with John Tyler 
for the Vice-Presidency. The contest was very 
animated. Gen. Jackson gave all his influence to 
prevent Harrison's election, but his triumph was 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Web- 
ster at its head as Secretary of State, was one of 
the most brilliant with which any President had 
ever been surrounded. Never were the prospects 
of an administration more flattering, or the hopes 
of the country more sanguine. In the midst of 
these bright and joyous prospects. Gen. Harrison 
was seized by a pleurisy-fever, and after a few 
days of violent sickness died, on the 4th of April, 
just one month after his inauguration as President 
of the United States. 



QOHN TYLER, the tenth President of the 
I United States, and was bom in Charles 
Q) City Count>', Va., March 29, 1790. He was 
the favored child of affluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of twelve, John entered 
William and Mary College, and graduated with 
much honor when but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted himself with great assi- 
duity to the study of law, partly with his father 
and partly with Edmund Randolph, one of the 
most distinguished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, he commenced the 
practice of law. His success was rapid and as- 
tonishing. It is said that three months had not 
elapsed ere there was scarcely a case on the 
docket of the court in which he was not retained. 
When but twenty-one years of age, he was almost 
unanimously elected to a seat in the State Legis- 
lature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures 
of Jefferson and Madison. For five successive 
years he was elected to the Legislature, receiving 
nearly the unanimous vote of his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was 
elected a Member of Congress. Here he acted ear- 
nestly and ably with the Democratic party, oppos- 
ing a national bank, internal improvements by 
the General Government, and a protective tariflf; 
advocating a strict construction of the Constitu- 
tion and the most careful vigilance over State 
rights. His labors in Congress were so arduous 
that before the close of his second term he found 
it necessary to resign and retire to his estate in 
Charles City County to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in 
the State Legislature, where his influence was 
powerful in promoting public works of great 
utility. With a reputation thus constantly in- 
creasing, he was chosen by a very large majority 
of votes Governor of his native State. His ad- 
ministration was a signally successftil one, and his 
popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of 
the United States. A portion of the Democratic 
party was displeased with Mr. Randolph's way- 
ward course, and brought forward John Tyler as 
his opponent, considering him the only man in 
Virginia of sufficient popularity to succeed 
against the renowned orator of Roanoke. Mr. 
Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon tak- 
ing his seat in the Senate he joined the ranks of 
the opposition. He opposed the tariff, and spoke 
against and voted against the bank as unconsti- 
tutional; he strenuously opposed all restrictions 
upon slavery, resisting all projects of internal im- 
provements by the General Government, and 
avowed his sympathy with Mr. Calhoun's view 
of nullification; he declared that Gen. Jackson, 
by his opposition to the nullifiers, had abandoned 
the principles of the Democratic party. Such 
was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress — a record in 
perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice 
of his profession. There was a split in the Demo- 
cratic party. His friends still regarded him as a 
true Jeffersonian, gave him a dinner, and show- 
ered compliments upon him. He had now at- 
tained the age of forty-six, and his career had been 
very brilliant. In consequence of his devotion to 
public business, his private affairs had fallen into 
some disorder, and it was not without satisfac- 
tion that he resumed the practice of law, and de- 
voted himself to the cultivation of his plantation. 
Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, for 
the better education of his children, and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the southern Whigs he was sent to the 
national convention at Harrisburg in 1839 to nom- 
inate a President. The majority of votes were 
given to Gen Harrison, a genuine Whig, much 
to the disappointment of the South, \yliich wjsh«4 



for Henry Clay. To conciliate the southern 
Whigs and to secure their vote, the convention 
then nominated John Tyler for Vice-President. 
It was well known that he was not in sympathy 
with the Whig party in the North; but the Vice- 
President has very httle power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to 
preside over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it 
happened that a Whig President and, in reality, 
a Democratic Vice-President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice- 
President of the United States. In one short 
month from that time, President Harrison died, 
and Mr. Tyler thus found himself, to his own 
surprise and that of the whole nation, an occu- 
pant of the Presidential chair. Hastening from 
Williamsburg to Washington, on the 6th of 
April he was inaugurated to the high and re- 
sponsible ofl&ce. He was placed in a position of 
exceeding delicacy and difficulty. All his long 
Hfe he had been opposed to the main principles of 
the party which had brought him into power. 
He had ever been a consistent, honest man, with 
an unblemished record. Gen. Harrison had se- 
lected a Whig cabinet. Should he retain them, 
and thus surround himself with counselors whose 
views were antagonistic to his own ? or, on the 
other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him, and select a cabinet in 
harmony with himself, and which would oppose 
all those views which the Whigs deemed essen- 
tial to the public welfare ? This was his fearful 
dilemma. He invited the cabinet which Presi- 
dent Harrison had selected to retain their seats, 
and recommended a day of fasting and prayer, 
that God would guide and bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for 
the incorporation of a fiscal bank of ;he United 
States. The President, after ten days' delay, re- 
turned it with his veto. He suggested, however, 
that he would approve of a bill drawn up upon 
such a plan as he proposed. Such a bill was ac- 
cordingly prepared, and privately submitted to 
him. He gave it his approval. It was passed 
without alteration, and he sent it back with his 
veto. Here commenced the open rupture. It is 
paid that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 

ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who se- 
verely touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the 
President into their arms. The party which 
elected him denounced him bitterly. All the 
members of his cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, 
resigned. The Whigs of Congress, both the 
Senate and the House, held a meeting and issued 
an address to the people of the United States, 
proclaiming that all political alliance between the 
Whigs and President Tyler was at an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs 
and Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong 
party men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary 
to resign, forced out by the pressure of his Whig 
friends. Thus the four years of Mr. Tyler's un- 
fortunate administration passed sadly away. No 
one was satisfied. The land was filled with mur- 
murs and vituperation. Whigs and Democrats 
alike assailed him. More and more, however, he 
brought himself into sympathy with his old 
friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his 
term he gave his whole influence to the support 
of Mr. Polk, the Democratic candidate for his 

On the 4th of March, 1845, President Tyler re- 
tired from the harassments of office, to the regret 
of neither party, and probably to his own unspeak- 
able relief. The remainder of his days were 
passed mainly in the retirement of his beautiful 
home — Sherwood Forest, Charles City County, 
Va. His first wife. Miss Letitia Christian, died 
in Washington in 1842; and in June, 1844, 
he was again married, at New York, to Miss Julia 
Gardiner, a young lady of many personal and 
intellectual accomplishments. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the 
State Rights and nullifying doctrines of John C. 
Calhoun had inaugurated, President Tyler re- 
nounced his allegiance to the United States, and 
j oined the Confederates. He was chosen a mem- 
ber of their Congress, and while engaged in 
active measures to destroy, by force of arms, the 
Government over which he had once presided, he 
was taken sick and soon died, 



(Tames K. polk, the eleventh President of 
I the United States, was born in Mecklenburgh 
Vl/ County, N. C, November 2, 1795. His 
parents were Samuel and Jane (Knox) Polk, the 
former a son of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 
at the above place, as one of the first pioneers, in 
1735. In 1806, with his wife and children, and 
soon after followed by most of the members of the 
Polk family, Samuel Polk emigrated some two or 
three hundred miles farther west, to the rich val- 
ley of the Duck River. Here, in the midst of the 
wilderness, in a region which was subsequently 
called Maury County, they erected their log huts I 
and established their homes. In the hard toil of 1 
a new farm in the wilderness, James K. Polk : 
spent the early years of his childhood and youth. | 
His father, adding the pursuit of a surveyor to 
that of a farmer, gradually increased in wealth, 
until he became one of the leading men of the 
region. His mother was a superior woman, of 
strong common sense and earnest piety. I 

Very early in life James developed a taste for 
reading, and expressed the strongest desire to ob- 
tain a liberal education. His mother's training : 
had made him methodical in his habits, had taught 
him punctuality and industry, and had inspired 
him with lofty principles of morality. His health \ 
was frail, and his father, fearing that he might not 
be able to endure a sedentary life, got a situation 
for him behind the counter, hoping to fit him for 1 
commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He ] 
had no taste for these duties, and his aaily tasks 1 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this ^ 
uncongenial occupation but a few w-jeks, when, j 
at his earnest solicitation, his fattier removed 1 
him and made arrangements for him to pros- ; 
ecute his studies. Soon after he sent him to Mur- 
freesboro Academy. With ardor which could 
scarcely be surpassed, he pressed forward in his i 

studies, and in less than two and a-half years, in 
the autumn of 18 15, entered the sophomore class 
in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allow- 
ing himself to be absent from a recitation or a 
religious sendee. 

Mr. Polk graduated in 18 18, with the highest 
honors, being deemed the best scholar of his class, 
both in mathematics and the classics. He was 
then twent\^-three years of age. His health was 
at this time much impaired by the assiduity with 
which he had prosecuted his studies. After a 
short season of relaxation, he went to Nashville, 
and entered the office of Felix Grundy, to study 
law. Here Mr. Polk renewed his acquaintance 
with Andrew Jackson, who resided on his planta- 
tion, the "Hermitage," but a few miles from 
Nashville. They had probably been slightly ac- 
quainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersouian Republican 
and James K. adhered to the same political faith. 
He was a popular public speaker, and was con- 
stantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such 
that he was popularly called the Napoleon of the 
stump. He was a man of unblemished morals, 
genial and courteous in his bearing, and with that 
sympathetic nature in the joys and griefs of oth- 
ers which gave him hosts of friends. In 1823, 
he was elected to the Legislature of Tennessee, 
and gave his strong influence toward the election 
of his friend, Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of 
the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford County, Tenn. His 
bride was altogether worthy him — a lady of 
beauty and culture. In n 1825 Mr. Polk 

was chosen a member of ongress, and the satis- 
faction he gave his constituents may be inferred 



from the fact, that for fourteen successive years, 
or until 1839, he was continued in that ofl&ce. He 
then voluntarily withdrew, only that he might 
accept the Gubernatorial chair of Tennessee. In 
Congress he was a laborious member, a frequent 
and a popular speaker. He was always in his 
seat, always courteous, and whenever he spoke 
it was always to the point, without any ambitious 
rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House. Strong passions were 
roused and stormj' scenes were witnessed, but he 
performed his arduous duties to a verj- general 
satisfaction, and a unanimous vote of thanks to 
him was passed by the House as he withdrew on 
the 4th of March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, 
as a candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. 
He was elected by a large majority, and on Octo- 
ber 14, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. 
In 1 841 his term of office expired, and he was 
again the candidate of the Democratic part}-, but 
was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was in- 
augurated President of the United States. The 
verdict of the country in favor of the annexation 
of Texas exerted its influence upon Congress, 
and the last act of the administration of President 
Tyler was to affix his signature to a joint resolu- 
tion of Congress, passed on the 3d of March, ap- 
proving of the annexation of Texas to the Union. 
As Mexico still claimed Texas as one of her 
provinces, the Mexican Minister, Almonte, im- 
mediately demanded his passports and left the 
country, declaring the act of the annexation to be 
an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be 
received into the Union on the same footing with 
the other States. In the mean time. Gen. Taj'lor 
was sent with an army into Texas to hold the 
country. He was first sent to Nueces, which the 
Mexicans said was the western boundary of Tex- 
as. Then he was sent nearly two hundred miles 
further west, to the Rio Grande, where he erected 
batteries which commanded the Mexican city of 
Matamoras, which was situated on the western 

banks. The anticipated collision soon took place, 
and war was declared against Mexico by President 
Polk. The war was pushed forward by his ad- 
ministration with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, 
whose army was first called one of ' ' observation, ' ' 
then of "occupation," then of "invasion," was 
sent forward to Monterey. The feeble Mexicans 
in every encounter were hopelessly slaughtered. 
The day of judgment alone can reveal the misery 
which this war caused. It was by the ingenuity 
of Mr. Polk's administration that the war was 
brought on. 

' ' To the victors belong the spoils. ' ' Mexico 
was prostrate before us. Her capital was in our 
hands. We now consented to peace upon the 
condition that Mexico should surrender to us, in 
addition to Texas, all of New Mexico, and all of 
Upper and Lower California. This new demand 
embraced, exclusive of Texas, eight hundred 
thousand square miles. This was an extent of 
territory equal to nine States of the size of New 
York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen ma- 
jestic States to be added to the Union. There 
were some Americans who thought it all right; 
there were others who thought it all wrong. In 
the prosecution of this war we expended twenty 
thousand lives and more than $100,000,000. Of 
this money $15,000,000 were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired 
from office, having served one term. The next 
day was Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was 
inaugurate;! as his successor. Mr. Polk rode to 
the Capitol in the same carriage with Gen. Tay- 
lor, and the same evening, with Mrs. Polk, he 
commenced his return to Tennessee. He was 
then but fifty-four years of age. He had always 
been strictly temperate in all his habits, and his 
health was good. With an ample fortune, a 
choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic 
ties of the dearest nature, it seemed as though 
long years of tranquillity and happiness were be- 
fore him. But the cholera — that fearful scourge 
— was then sweeping up the Valley of the Missis- 
sippi, and he contracted the disease, dying on the 
15th of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth year of his 
age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 



G7ACHARY TAYLOR, twelfth President of 
j. the United States, was born on the 24th of 
/^ November, 1784, in Orange County, Va. 
His father, Col. Taylor, was a Virginian of 
note, and a distinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary was an infant, 
his father, with his wife and two children, emi- 
grated to Kentucky, where he settled in the path- 
less wilderness, a few miles from Louisville. In 
this frontier home, away from civilization and all 
its refinements, young Zachary could enjoy but 
few social and educational advantages. When 
six years of age he attended a common school, 
and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of 
character. He was strong, fearless and self-reli- 
ant, and manifested a strong desire to enter the 
army to fight the Indians, who were ravaging the 
frontiers. There is little to be recorded of the 
uneventful years of his childhood on his father's 
large but lonely plantation. 

In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for 
him a commission as Lieutenant in the United 
States army, and he joined the troops which were 
stationed at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. 
Soon after this he married Miss Margaret Smith, 
a young lady from one of the first families of 

Immediately after the declaration of war with 
England, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had then 
been promoted to that rank) was put in command 
of Ft. Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles 
above Vincennes. This fort had been built in the 
wilderness by Gen. Harrison, on his march t(> 
Tippecanoe. It was one of the first points of at- 
tack by the Indians, led by Tecumseh. Its garri- 
son consisted of a broken company of infantry, 
numbering fifty men, many of whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 181 2, the Indians, 
stealthily, and in large numbers, moved upon the 

fort. Their approach was first indicated by the 
murder of two soldiers just outside of the stockade. 
Capt. Taylor made every possible preparation to 
meet the anticipated assault. On the 4th of Sep- 
tember, a band of forty painted and plumed sav- 
ages came to the fort, waving a white flag, and 
informed Capt. Taylor that in the morning their 
chief would come to have a talk with him. It 
was evident that their object was merely to ascer- 
tain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, 
kept them at a distance. 

The sun went down; ihe savages disappeared; 
the garrison slept upon their arms. One hour 
before midnight the war-whoop burst from a 
thousand lips in the forest around, followed by 
the discharge of musketry and the rush of the 
foe. Every man, sick and well, sprang to his 
post. Every man knew that defeat was not 
merely death, but, in the case of capture, death by 
the most agonizing and prolonged torture. No 
pen can describe, no imagination can conceive, the 
scenes which ensued. The savages succeeded in 
setting fire to one of the block-houses. Until six 
o'clock in the morning this awful conflict con- 
tinued, when the savages, bafifl^ed at every point 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. 
Capt. Taylor, for this gallant defense, was pro- 
moted to the rank of Major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Maj. Taylor was 
placed in such situations that he saw but little 
more of active service. He was sent far away 
into the depths of the wilderness to Ft. Craw- 
ford, on Fox River, which empties into Green 
Bay. Here there was little to be done but to 
wear away the tedious hours as one best could. 
There were no books, no society, no intellectual 
stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful years 
rolled on. Gradually he rose to the rank of 
Colonel. In the Black Hawk War, which re- 



suited iu the capture of that reuowned chieftain, 
Col. Taylor took a subordinate, but a brave and 
efficient, part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged 
in the defense of the frontiers, in scenes so re- 
mote, and in employments so obscure, that his 
name was unknown beyond the limits of his own 
immediate acquaintance. In the year 1836, he 
was sent to Florida to compel the Seminole Indi- 
ans to vacate that region, and retire beyond the 
Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty had prom- 
ised they should do. The services rendered here 
secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government, and as a reward he was ele- 
vated to the high rank of Brigadier-General by 
brevet, and soon after, in May, 1838, was ap- 
pointed to the chief command of the United 
States troops in Florida. 

After two years of wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the Peninsula, Gen. Tay- 
lor obtained, at his own request, a change of 
command, and was stationed over the Department 
of the Southwest. This field embraced Louisiana, 
Mississippi, Alabama and Georgia. Establishing 
his headquarters at Ft. Jessup, in Louisiana, he 
removed his family to a plantation which he pur- 
chased near Baton Rouge. Here he remained 
for five years, buried, as it were, from the world, 
but faithfully discharging every duty imposed 
upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the 
land between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the 
latter river being the boundary of Texas, which 
was then claimed by the United States. Soon 
the war with Mexico was brought on, and at Palo 
Alto and Resaca de la Palma, Gen. Taylor won 
brilliant victories over the Mexicans. The rank 
of Major-General by brevet was then conferred 
upon Gen. Taylor, and his name was received 
with enthusiasm almost everywhere in the na- 
tion. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista, in which he won signal victories 
over forces much larger than he commanded. 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena 
Vista spread the wildest enthusiasm over the 
country. The name of Gen. Taylor was on 
every one's lips. The Whig party decided to 

take advantage of this wonderful popularity in 
bringing forward the unpolished, unlettered, hon- 
est soldier as their candidate for the Presidency. 
Gen. Taylor was astonished at the announce- 
ment, and for a time would not Hsten to it, de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such 
an office. So little interest had he taken in poli- 
tics, that for forty years he had not cast a vote. 
It was not without chagrin that several distin- 
guished statesmen, who had been long years in 
the public service, found their claims set aside in 
behalf of one whose name had never been heard 
of, save in connection with Palo Alto, Resaca de 
la Palma, Monterey and Buena Vista. It is said 
that Daniel Webster, in his haste, remarked, " It 
is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a 
fine writer. His friends took possession of him, 
and prepared such few communications as it was 
needful should be presented to the public. The 
popularity of the successful warrior swept the 
land. He was triumphantly elected over two 
opposing candidates, — Gen. Cass and Ex-Presi- 
dent Martin Van Buren. Though he selected an 
excellent cabinet, the good old man found himself 
in a very uncongenial position, and was at times 
sorely perplexed and harassed. His mental suf- 
ferings were very severe, and probablj' tended to 
hasten his death. The pro-slavery party was 
pushing its claims with tireless energy; expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba; California 
was pleading for admission to the Union, while 
slavery stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. 
Taylor found the political conflicts in Washington 
to be far more trying to the nerves than battles 
with Mexicans or Indians. 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but 
little over a year, took cold, and after a brief 
sickness of but little over five days, died, on the 
9th of July, 1850. His last words were, "I am 
not afraid to die. I am ready. I have endeav- 
ored to do my duty." He died universally re- 
spected and beloved. An honest, unpretending 
man, he had been steadily growing in the affec- 
tions of the people, and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 



IILLARD FILLMORE, thirteenth President 
of the United States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga County, N. Y., on the jth of 
January, 1800. His father was a farmer, and, owing 
to misfortune, in humble circumstances. Of his 
mother, the daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, of 
Pittsfield, Mass., it has been said that she pos- 
sessed an intellect of a high order, united with 
much personal loveliness, sweetness of disposi- 
tion, graceful manners and exquisite sensibilities. 
She died in 1831, having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished promise, though she 
was not permitted to witness the high dignity 
which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited j 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender I 
advantages for education in his early years. The 
common schools, which he occasionally attended, 
were very imperfect institutions, and books were 
scarce and expensive. There was nothing then 
in his character to indicate the brilliant career 
upon which he was about to enter. He was a 
plain farmer's boy — intelligent, good-looking, 
kind-hearted. The sacred influences of home 
had taught him to revere the Bible, and had laid 
the foundations of an upright character. When 
fourteen years of age, his father sent him some 
hundred miles from home to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small village, where 
some enterprising man had commenced the col- 
lection of a village library. This proved an in- 
estimable blessing to young Fillmore. His even- 
ings were spent in reading. Soon every leisure 
moment was occupied with books. His thirst for i 
knowledge became inj^atiate, and the selections 
which he made were continually more elevating 
and instructive. He read history, biography, 
oratory, and thus gradually there was enkindled I 

in his heart a desire to be something more than a 
mere worker with his hands. 

The young clothier had now attained the age 
of nineteen years, and was of fine personal appear- 
ance and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so hap- 
pened that there was a gentleman in the neigh- 
borhood of ample pecuniary means and of benev- 
olence, — ^Judge Walter Wood, — who was struck 
with the prepossessing appearance of young Fill- 
more. He made his acquaintance, and was so 
much impressed with his ability and attainments 
that he advised him to abandon his trade and de- 
vote himself to the study of the law. The young 
man replied that he had no means of his own, 
no friends to help him, and that his previous edu- 
cation had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood 
had so much confidence in him that he kindly 
offered to take him into his own office, and to 
lend him such money as he needed. Most grate- 
fully the generous offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion 
about a collegiate education. A young man is 
supposed to be liberally educated if he has gradu- 
ated at some college. But many a boy who loi- 
ters through university halls and then enters c 
law office is by no means as well prepared to 
prosecute his legal studies as was Millard Fill- 
more when he graduated at the clothing-mill at 
the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted tc 
intense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he 
was admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. 
He then went to the village of Aurora, and com- 
menced the practice of law. In this secluded, 
quiet region, his practice, of course, was limited, 
and there was no opportunity for a sudden rise in 
fortune or in fame. Here, in 1826, he married 3 
lady of great moral worth, and one capable of 


Adorning any station she might be called to fill, — 
Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advo- 
cate, gradually attracted attention, and he was 
invited to enter into partnership, under highly ad- 
vantageous circumstances, with an elder member 
of the Bar in Buffalo. Just before removing to 
Buffalo, in 1829, he took his seat in the House of 
Assembly of the State of New York, as a Repre- 
sentative from Erie County. Though he had 
never taken a very active part in politics, his vote 
and sympathies were with the Whig party. The 
State was then Democratic, and he found himself 
in a helpless minority in the Legislature; still the 
testimony comes from all parties that his courtesy, 
ability and integrity won, to a ver>' unusual de- 
gree, the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a 
seat in the United States Congress. He entered 
that troubled arena in the most tumultuous hours 
of our national history, when the great conflict 
respecting the national bank and the removal of 
the deposits was raging. 

His term of two years closed, and he returned 
to his profession, which he pursued with increas- 
ing reputation and success. After a lapse of two 
years he again became a candidate for Congress; 
was re-elected, and took his seat in 1837. His 
past experience as a Representative gave him 
strength and confidence. The first term of service 
in Congress to any man can be but little more 
than an introduction. He was now prepared for 
active duty. All his energies were brought to 
bear upon the public good. Every measure re- 
ceived his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore w;.. : now a man of wide repute, 
and his popularity filled the State. In the year 
1847, when he had attained the age of forty- 
seven years, he was elected Comptroller of the 
State. His labors at the Bar, in the Legisla- 
ture, in Congress and as Comptroller, had given 
him very considerable fame. The W'^higs were 
casting about to find suitable candidates for Presi- 
dent and Vice-President at the approaching elec- 
tion. Far away on the waters of the Rio Grande, 
there was a rough old soldier, who had fought 

one or two successful battles with the Mexicans, 
which had caused his name to be proclaimed in 
trumpet-tones all over the land as a candidate for 
the presidency. But it was necessary to associate 
with him on the same ticket some man of repu- 
tation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
names of Zacharj^ Taylor and Millard Fillmore 
became the rallying-cr}' of the Whigs, as their 
candidates for President and Vice-President. The 
Whig ticket was signally triumphant. On the 
4th of March, 1849, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
President, and Millard Fillmore Vice-President, 
of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Tayloi, 
about one year and four months after his inaugura 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the 
Constitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus be 
came President. He appointed a very able cabi 
net, of which the illustrious Daniel Webster was 
Secretary of State; nevertheless, he had serious 
difiiculties to contend with, since the opposition 
had a majority in both Houses. He did all in hi.« 
power to conciliate the South; but the pro-slavei.v 
party in the South felt the inadequacy of al 
measures of transient conciliation. The popula 
tion of the free States was so rapidly increasing 
over that of the slave States, that it was inevitable 
that the power of the Government should sooti 
pass into the hands of the free States. The fa 
mous compromise measures were adopted undei 
Mr. Fillmore's administration, and the Japan ex 
pedition was sent out. On the 4th of March 
1853, he, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Know-Nothing" party, but 
was beaten by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. 
Fillmore lived in retirement. During the terri- 
ble conflict of civil war, he was mostly silent. It 
was generally supposed that his sympathies were 
rather with those who were endeavoring to over- 
throw our institutions. President Fillmore kept 
aloof from the conflict, without any cordial words 
of cheer to one party or the other. He was thus 
forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe old age, 
and died in Buffalo, N. Y., March 8, 1874. 



r^RANKLIN PIERCE, the fourteeuth Presi- 
JV) dent of the United States, was born in Hills- 
I * borough, N. H., November 23, 1804. His 
father was a Revolutionary- soldier, who with his 
own strong arm hewed out a home in the wilder- 
ness. He was a man of inflexible integrity, of 
strong, though uncultivated, mind, and was an un- 
compromising Democrat. The mother of Frank- 
lin Pierce was all that a son could desire — an in- 
telligent, prudent, affectionate. Christian woman. 
Franklin, who was the sixth of eight children, 
was a remarkably bright and handsome boy, 
generous, warm-hearted and brave. He won 
alike the love of old and young. The boys on 
the play-ground loved him. His teachers loved 
him. The neighbors looked upon him with pride 
and affection. He was by instinct a gentleman, 
always speaking kind words, and doing kind ] 
deeds, with a peculiar, unstudied tact which 
taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar, and in 
body and mind a finely developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the y-ear 1820, 
he entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me. 
He was one of che most popular young men in 
the college. The purity of his moral character, 
the unvarying courtesy of his demeanor, his rank 
as a scholar, and genial nature, rendered him a 
universal favorite. There was something pe- 
culiarly winning in his address, and it was evi- 
dently not in the slightest degree studied — it was 
the simple outgushing of his own magnanimous 
and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin 
Pierce commenced the study of law in the office 
of Judge Woodbury, one of the most distinguished 

lawyers of the State, and a man of great private 
worth. The eminent social qualities of the young 
lawyer, his father's prominence as a public man, 
and the brilliant political career into which Judge 
Woodbury was entering, all tended to entice Mr. 
Pierce into the fascinating yet perilous path of 
political life. With all the ardor of his nature he 
espoused the cause of Gen. Jackson for the Presi- 
dency. He commenced the practice of law in 
Hillsborough, and was soon elected to represent 
the town in the State Legislature. Here he 
served for four years. The last two years he was 
chosen Speaker of the House by a very large 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was 
elected a member of Congress. In 1837, being 
then bm: thirty-three years old, he was elected to 
the Senate, taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren 
commenced his administration. He was the 
youngest member in the Senate. In the year 
1834, he married Miss Jane Means Appleton, a 
lady of rare beauty and accomplishments, and one 
admirably fitted to adorn every station with which 
her husband was honored. Of the three sons who 
were born to theUi, all now sleep with their par- 
ents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing 
fame and increasing business as a lawyer, took up 
his residence in Concord, the capital of New 
Hampshire. President Polk, upon his accession 
to office, appointed Mr. -Pierce Attorney-General 
of the United States; but the offer was declined 
in consequence of numerous professional engage- 
ments at home, and the precarious state of Mrs. 
Pierce's health. He also, about the same time, 
declined the nomination for Governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called 


Mr. Pierce into the army. Receiving the appoint- 
ment of Brigadier-General, he embarked with a 
portion of his troops at Newport, R. I., on the 
27th of May, 1847. He took an important part 
in this war, proving himself a brave and true sol- 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his na- 
tive State, he was received enthusiastically by the 
advocates of the Mexican War, and coldly by his 
opponents. He resumed the practice of his pro- 
fession, ver^r frequently taking an active part in 
political questions, giving his cordial support to 
the pro-slavery wing of the Democratic party. 
The compromise measures met cordially with his 
approval, and he strenuousty advocated the en- 
forcement of the infamous Fugitive Slave Law, 
which so shocked the religious sensibilities of the 
North. He thus became distinguished as a 
' ' Northern man with Southern principles. ' ' The 
strong partisans of slavery- in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in ofl&ce to carry out their plans. 

On the 12th of June, 1852, the Democratic con- 
vention met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate 
for the Presidency. For four days they contin- 
ued in session, and in thirty-five ballotings no one 
had obtained a two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus 
far had been thrown for Gen. Pierce. Then the 
Virginia delegation brought forward his name. 
There were foiirteen more ballotings, duririg which 
Gen. Pierce constantly gained strength, until, at 
the fortj^-ninth ballot, he received two hundred 
and eighty-two votes, and all other candidates 
eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was the Whig can- 
didate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with great una- 
nimity. Only four States — Vermont, Massachu- 
setts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their elec- 
toral votes against him. Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most 
stormy our country had ever experienced. The 
controversy between slavery and freedom was 
then approaching its culminating point. It be- 
came evident that there was to be an irrepressible 
conflict between them, and that this nation 
could not long exist ' ' half slave and half free. ' ' 

President Pierce, during the whole of his admin- 
istration, did everything he could to conciHate the 
South; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the disso- 
lution of the Union were borne to the North on 
every Southern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when Presi- 
dent Pierce approached the close of his four- 
years term of office. The North had become 
thoroughly alienated from him. The anti-slavery 
sentiment, goaded by great outrages, had been 
rapidly increasing; all the intellectual ability and 
social worth of President Pierce were forgotten in 
deep reprehension of his administrative acts. The 
slaveholders of the South also, unmindful of the 
fidelity with which he had advocated those meas- 
iires of Government which they appro /ed, and 
perhaps feeling that he had rendered himself 
so unpopular as no longer to be able to accepta- 
bly serve them, ungratefully dropped him, and 
nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
turned to his home in Concord. His three chil- 
dren were all dead, his last surviving child hav- 
ing been killed before his eyes in a railroad acci- 
dent; and his wife, one of the most estimable and 
accomplished of ladies, was rapidly sinking in 
consumption. The hour of dreadful gloom soon 
came, and he was left alone in the world without 
wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth which 
divided our country into two parties, and two 
only, Mr. Pierce remained steadfast in the prin- 
ciples which he had always cherished, and gave 
his sympathies to that pro-slavery party with 
which he had ever been allied. He declined to 
do anything, either by voice or pen, to strengthen 
the hand of the National Government. He con- 
tinued to reside in Concord until the time of his 
death, which occurred in October, 1869. He was 
one of the most genial and social of men, an hon- 
ored communicant of the Episcopal Church, and 
one of the kindest of neighbors. Generous to a 
fault, he contributed liberally toward the allevia- 
tion of suffering and want, and many of his 
towns-people were often gladdened by his material 



(Tames BUCHANAN, the fifteenth President 
I of the United States, was born in a small 
Q) frontier town, at the foot of the eastern ridge 
of the Alleghanies, in Franklin County, Pa., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place where the 
humble cabin home stood was called Stony Bat- 
ter. His father was a native of the north of Ire- 
land, who had emigrated in 1783, with little prop- 
erty save his own strong arms. Five years after- 
ward he married Elizabeth Spear, the daughter 
of a respectable farmer, and, with his young bride, 
plunged into the wilderness, staked his claim, 
reared his log hut, opened a clearing with his 
axe, and settled down there to perform his obscure 
part in the drama of life. When James was eight 
years of age, his father removed to the village of 
Mercersburg, where his son was placed at school, 
and commenced a course of study in English, 
Latin and Greek. His progress was rapid, and 
at the age of fourteen he entered Dickinson Col- 
lege, at Carlisle. Here he developed remarkable 
talent, and took his stand among the first scholars 
in the institution. 

In the year i'^'^^ he graduated with the high- 
est honors of his class He was then eighteen 
years of age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, 
fond of athletic sports, an unerring shot, and en- 
livened with an exuberant flow of animal spirits. 
He immediately commences the study of law in 
the city of Lancaster, and was admitted to the 
Bar in 1 8 1 2 , when he was bu twenty-one years 
of age. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower 
House. During the vacations of Congress, he 

occasionally tried some important case. In 183 1 
he retired altogether from the toils of his profes- 
sion, having acquired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presi- 
dency, appointed Mr. Buchanan Minister to Rus- 
sia. The duties of his mission he performed 
with abiHty, and gave satisfaction to all parties. 
Upon his return, in 1833, he was elected to a seat 
in the United States Senate. He there met as 
his associates Webster, Clay, Wright and Cal- 
houn. He advocated the measures proposed by 
President Jackson, of making reprisals against 
France to enforce the payment of our claims 
against that countr>-, and defended the course ol 
the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from ofiice of those who were not the 
supporters of his administration. Upon this 
question he was brought into direct collision with 
Henry Clay. He also, with voice and vote, ad- 
vocated expunging from the journal of the Senate 
the vote of censure against Gen. Jackson for re- 
moving the deposits. Earnestly he opposed the 
abolition of slavery in the District of Columbia, 
and urged the prohibition of the circulation of 
anti-slavery documents by the United States 
mails. As to petitions on the subject of slavery, 
he advocated that they should be respectfully re- 
ceived, and that the reply should be returned 
that Congress had no power to legislate upon the 
subject. "Congress," said he, "might as well 
undertake to interfere with slavery under a for- 
eign government as in any of the States where it 
now exists. ' ' 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency. 
Mr. Buchanan became Secretary' of State, and a? 
such took his share of the responsibility in th»: 


/conduct of the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed 
ihat crossing the Nueces by the American 
troops into the disputed territory was not wrong, 
but for the Mexicans to cross the Rio Grande 
into Texas was a declaration of war. No candid 
man can read with pleasure the account of the 
course our Government pursued in that movement. 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly 
with the party devoted to the perpetuation and 
extension of slavery, and brought all the energies 
of his mind to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. 
He gave his cordial approval to the compromise 
measures of 1850, which included the Fugitive 
Slave Law. Mr. Pierce, upon his election to the 
Presidency, honored Mr. Buchanan with the mis- 
sion to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic Con- 
vention nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presi- 
dency. The political conflict was one of the most 
severe in which our country has ever engaged. 
All the friends of slavery were on one side; all 
the advocates of its restriction and final abolition 
on the other. Mr. Fremont, the candidate of the 
enemies of slavery, received one hundred and 
fourteen electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
one hundred and seventy-four, and was elected. 
The popular vote stood 1,340,618 for Fremont, 
1,224,750 for Buchanan. On March 4, 1857, 
the latter was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only 
four years were wanting to fill up his three-score 
years and ten. His own friends, those with 
whom he had been allied in political principles 
and action for years, were seeking the destruc- 
tion of the Government, that they might rear 
upon the ruins of our free institutions a nation 
whose corner-stone should be human slavery. In 
this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly 
bewildered. He could not, with his long-avowed 
principles, consistently oppose the State Rights 
party in their assumptions. As President of the 
United States, bound by his oath faithfully to 
administer the laws, he could not, without per- 
jury of the grossest kind, unite with those en- 
deavoring to overthrow the Republic. He there- 
fore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchati^n's administra- 

tion nominated Abraham Lincoln as their stand- 
ard-bearer in the next Presidential canvass. 
The pro-slavery party declared that if he were 
elected and the control of the Government were 
thus taken from their hands, they would secede 
from the Union, taking with them as they retired 
the National Capitol at Washington and the 
lion's share of the territory of the United States. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slave- 
holders claiming the right to secede, and Mr. 
Buchanan avowing that Congress had no power 
to prevent it, one of the most pitiable exhibitions 
of governmental imbecility was exhibited that the 
world has ever seen. He declared that Congress 
had no power to enforce its laws in any State 
which had withdrawn, or which was attempting 
to withdraw, from the Union. This was not the 
doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with his hand 
upon his sword-hilt, he exclaimed: "The Union 
must and shall be presen-ed!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860, 
nearly three months before the inauguration of 
President Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in 
listless despair. The rebel flag was raised in. 
Charleston; Ft. Sumter was besieged; our forts, 
navy-j^ards and arsenals were seized; our depots 
of military stores were plundered, and our cus- 
tom-houses and post-offices were appropriated by 
the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels and the imbecility of 
our Executive were alike marvelous. The na- 
tion looked on in agony, waiting for the slow 
weeks to glide away and close the administration, 
so terrible in its weakness. At length the long- 
looked-for hour of deliverance came, when Abra- 
ham Lincoln was to receive the scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends can not recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his 
fame, that in that dreadful conflict which rolled 
its billows of flame and blood over our whole 
land, no word came from his lips to indicate his 
wish that our country's banner should triumph 
over the flag of the Rebellion. He died at his 
Wheatland retreat, June i, i86§, 



G| BRAHAM LINCOLN, the sixteenth Presi- 
LA dent of the United States, was born in Hardin 
/ I County, Ky., February' 12, 1809. About 
the year 1780, a man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left Virginia with his family and moved 
into the then wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, and while still a 3-oung man, 
he was working one day in a field, when an Indian 
stealthily approached and killed him. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five little chil- 
dren, three boys and two girls. Thomas, the 
youngest of the boys, and the father of President 
Abraham Lincoln, was four years of age at his 
father's death. 

When twenty-eight years old, Thomas Lincoln 
built a log cabin, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky 
emigrants, who had also come from Virginia. 
Their second child was Abraham Lincoln, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The mother of Abraham was 
a noble woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created 
to adorn a palace, but doomed to toil and pine, and 
die in a hovel. " All that I am, or hope to be," 
exclaimed the grateful son, " I owe to my angel- 
mother. ' ' When he was eight years ot age, his 
father sold his cabin and small farm and moved 
to Indiana, where two years later his mother died. 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly 
family was the usual lot of humanity. There 
were joys and griefs, weddings and funerals. 
Abraham's sister Sarah, to whom he was tenderly 
attached, was married when a child of but four- 
teen years of age, and soon died. The family 
was gradually scattered, and Thomas Lincoln 
sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, and emi- 
grated to Macon County, 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years 
of age. With vigorous hands he aided his father 
in rearing another log cabin, and worked quite 
diligently at this until he saw the family com- 
fortably settled, and their small lot of enclosed 
prairie planted with corn, when he announced tQ 

his father his intention to leave home, and to gc 
out into the world and seek his fortune. Little 
did he or his friends imagine how brilliant that 
fortune was to be. He saw the value of educa- 
tion and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. Religion he 
revered. His morals were pure, and he was un- 
contaminated by a single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired 
laborer among the farmers. Then he went to 
Springfield, where he was employed in building 
a large flat-boat. In this he took a herd of swine, 
floated them down the Sangamon to Illinois, and 
thence by the Mississippi to New Orleans. What- 
ever Abraham Lincoln undertook, he performed 
so faithfully as to give great satisfaction to his 
employers. In this adventure the latter were 
so well pleased, that upon his return they placed 
a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk 
War, he enlisted and was chosen Captain of a 
company. He returned to Sangamon County, 
and, although only twenty-three years of age, was 
a candidate for the Legislature, but was defeated. 
He soon after received from Andrew Jackson the 
appointment of Postmaster of New Salem. His 
only post-ofiice was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there, ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surAeying, and 
soon made this his business. In 1834 he again 
became a candidate for the Legislature and was 
elected. Mr. Stuart, of Springfield, advised him 
to study law. He walked from New Salem to 
Springfield, borrowed of Mr. Stuart a load oi 
books, carried them back, and began his legal 
studies. When the Legislature assembled, he 
trudged on foot with his pack on his back one 
hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here 
it was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 
he removed to Springfield and i>egan the practice 
of law. His ^uc?ess y/iik the jury was so great 



that he was soon engaged in almost ever}- noted 
case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas on the slavery ques- 
tion. In the organization of the Republican party 
in Illinois, in 1856, he took an active part, and at 
once became one of the leaders in that party. 
Mr. Lincoln's speeches in opposition to Senator 
Douglas in the contest in 1858 for a seat in the 
Senate, form a most notable part of his history. 
The issue was on the slavery question, and he 
took the broad ground of the Declaration of In- 
dependence, that all men are created equal. Mr. 
Lincoln was defeated in this contest, but won a 
far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chi- 
cago on the 1 6th of June, i860. The delegates 
and strangers who crowded the city amounted to 
twenty-five thousand. An immense building 
called " The Wigwam," was reared to accommo- 
date the convention. There were eleven candi- 
dates for whom votes were thrown. William H. 
Seward, a man whose fame as a statesman had 
long filled the land, was the most prominent. It 
was generally supposed he would be the nomi- 
nee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received the 
nomination on the third ballot. 

Election day came, and Mr. Lincoln received 
one hundred and eighty electoral votes out of two 
hundred and three cast, and was, therefore, con- 
stitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this 
good and merciful man, especially by the slave- 
holders, was greater than upon any other man 
ever elected to this high position. In Februarj-, 
1861, Mr. Lincoln started for Washington, stop- 
ping in all the large cities on his way, making 
speeches. The whole journey was fraught with 
much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassi- 
nation were afterward brought to light. A gang 
in Baltimore had arranged upon his arrival to 
" get up a row," and in the confusion to make 
sure of his death with revolvers and hand-gren- 
ades. A detective unravelled the plot. A secret 
and special train was provided to take him from 
Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an unexpected 

hour of the night. The tram started at half-past 
ten, and to prevent any possible communication 
on the part of the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train 
had started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. 
Lincoln reached Washington in safety and was 
inaugurated, although great anxiety was felt by 
all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to 
other prominent opponents before the convention 
he gave important positions; but during no other 
administration had the duties devolving upon the 
President been so manifold, and the responsibilities 
so great, as those which fell to his lot. Knowing 
this, and feeling his own weakness and inability 
to meet, and in his own strength to cope with, 
the difficulties, he learned early to seek Divine 
wisdom and guidance in determining his plans, 
and Divine comfort in all his trials, both personal 
and national. Contrary to his own estimate of 
himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the most cour- 
ageous of men. He went directly into the rebel 
capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, with 
no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had 
been made for his assassination, and he at last 
fell a victim to one of them. April 14, 1865, he. 
with Gen. Grant, was urgently invited to attend 
Ford's Theatre. It was announced that they 
would be present. Gen. Grant, however, left the 
city. President Lincoln, feeling, with his char- 
acteristic kindliness of heart, that it would be a 
disappointment if he should fail them, very re- 
luctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play, an actor by the name of John Wilkeo 
Booth entered the box where the President and 
family were seated, and fired a bullet into his 
brain. He died the next morning at seven 

Never before in the history of the world was 
a nation plunged into such deep grief by the death 
of its ruler Strong men met in the streets and 
wept in speechless anguish. His was a life which 
will fitly become a model. Llis name as the 
Savior of his countr>- will li\e with that of Wash- 
ington's, its Father. 



(p\ NDREW JOHNSON, seventeenth President 
LA of the United States. The early life of An- 
1 1 drew Johnson contains but the record of pov- 
erty , destitution and friendlessness. He was born 
December 29, 1808, in Raleigh, N. C. His par- 
ents, belonging to the class of "poor whites" 
of the South, were in such circumstances that they 
could not confer even the slightest advantages of 
education upon their child. When Andrew was 
five years of age, his father accidentally lost his 
life, while heroically endeavoring to save a friend 
from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by 
the labor of his mother, who obtained her living 
with her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one 
day, and being unable either to read or write, was 
apprenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gen- 
tleman was in the habit of going to the tailor's 
shop occasionally, and reading to the boys at 
work there. He often read from the speeches of 
distinguished British statesmen. Andrew, who 
was endowed with a mind of more than ordinary 
ability, became much interested in these speeches; 
his ambition was roused, and he was inspired with 
a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, 
and with the assistance of some of his fellow- 
workmen learned his letters. He then called upon 
the gentleman to borrow the book of speeches. 
The owner, pleased with his zeal, not only gave 
him the book, but assisted him in learning to com- 
bine the letters into words. Under such difficul- 
ties he pressed onward laboriously, spending usu- 
ally ten or twelve hours at work in the shop, and 
then robbing himself of rest and recreation to de- 
vote such time as he could to reading. 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 

Greenville, where he married a young lady who 
possessed some education . Under her instructions 
he learned to write and cipher. He became 
prominent in the village debating society, and a 
favorite with the students of Greenville College. 
In 1828, he organized a working man's party, 
which elected him Alderman, and in 1830 elected 
him Mayor, which position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in 
political affairs, identifyinghimself with the work- 
ing-class, to which he belonged. In 1835, he 
was elected a member of the House of Represent- 
atives of Tennessee. He was then just twenty- 
seven years of age. He became a very active 
member of the Legislature, gave his support to 
the Democratic party, and in 1840 "stumped the 
State," advocating Martin Van Buren's claims to 
the Presidency, in opposition to those of Gen. 
Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, 
he was elected a Member of Congress, and by suc- 
cessive elections held that important post for ten 
years. In 1853, he was elected Governor of Tenn- 
essee, and was re-elected in 1855. In all these 
responsible positions, he discharged his duties 
with distinguished ability , and proved himself the 
warm friend of the working classes. In 1857, Mr. 
Johnson was elected United vStates Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating, however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would 
probably prove ' 'to be the gateway out of which 
the sable sons of Africa are to pass from bondage 
to freedom, and become merged in a population 
congenial to themselves." In 1850, he also sup- 
ported the compromise measures, the two essen- 


tial features of which wer^, that the white people 
of the Territories should be permitted to decide 
for themselves whether they would enslave the 
colored people or not, and that the free States of 
the North should return to the South persons who 
attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly 
origin: on the contrar3^ he often took pride in 
avowing that he owed his distinction to his own 
exertions. "Sir," said he on the floor of the 
Senate, "I do not forget that I am a mechanic; 
neither do I forget that Adam was a tailor and 
sewed fig-leaves, and that our Savior was the son 
of a carpenter. ' ' 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of i860, 
he was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for 
the Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of 
the Southern Democracy became apparent, he took 
a decided stand in favor of the Union, and held 
that "slavery must be held subordinate to the 
Union at whatever cost. ' ' He returned to Tenn- 
essee, and repeatedly imperiled his own life to 
protect the Unionists of that State. Tennessee 
having seceded from the Union, President Lincoln, 
on March 4, 1862, appointed him Military Gov- 
ernor of the State, and he established the most 
Btringent military rule. His numerous proclama- 
tions attracted wide attention. In 1864, he was 
elected Vice-President of the United States, and 
upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 1865, 
became President. In a speech two days later he 
said, "The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime 
and must be punished; that the Government will 
not always bear with its enemies; that it is strong 
not only to protect, but to punish. * * The 
people must understand that it (treason) is the 
blackest of crimes, and will surely be punished." 
Yet his whole administration, the history of which 
is so well known, was in utter inconsistency with, 
and in the most violent opposition to, the princi- 
ples laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress, and he 
characterized Congress as a new rebellion, and 
lawlessly defied it in everything possible to the ut- 
most. In the beginning of 1868, qu eiccpunt of 

"High crimes and misdeflieanors," the principal 
of which was the removal of Secretary Stanton in 
violation of the Tenure of OSice Act, articles of 
impeachment were preferred against him, and the 
trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was 
at length submitted to the court for its action. It 
was certain that as the court voted upon that ar- 
ticle so would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices 
pronounced the President guilty. As a two-thirds 
vote was necessary to his condemnation, he was 
pronounced acquitted, notwithstanding the great 
majority against him. The change of one vote 
from the not guilty side would have sustained the 

The President, for the remainder of his term, 
was but little regarded. He continued, though 
impotently, his conflict with Congress. His own 
party did not think it expedient to renominate 
him for the Presidency. The Nation rallied with 
enthusiasm, unparalleled since the days of Wash- 
ington, around the name of Gen. Grant. Andrew 
Johnson was forgotten. The bullet of the assassin 
introduced him to the President's chair. Not- 
withstanding this, never was there presented to a 
man a better opportunity to immortalize his name, 
and to win the gratitude of a nation. He failed 
utterly. He retired to his home in Greenville, 
Tenn. , taking no very active part in politics until 
1875. On January 26, after an exciting struggle, 
he was chosen by the Legislature of Tennessee 
United States Senator in the Forty-fourth Congess, 
and took his seat in that body, at the special ses- 
sion convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-Presi- 
dent made a visit to his daughter's home, near 
Carter Station, Tenn. When he started on his 
journey, he was apparently in his usual vigorous 
health, but on reaching the residence of his child 
the following day, he was stricken with paralysis, 
which rendered him unconscious. He rallied oc- 
casionally, but finally passed away at 2 A. m., 
July 31 , aged sixty -seven years. His funeral was 
held at Greenville, on the 3d of August, witli 
every denaonstration of respect, 



HLYSSES S. GRANT, the eighteenth Presi- 
dent of the United States, was born on the 
29th of April, 1822, of Christian parents, in 
a humble home at Point Pleasant, on the banks 
of the Ohio. Shortly after, his father moved to 
Georgetown, Brown County, Ohio. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses received a common- 
school education. At the age of seventeen, in 
the year 1839, he entered the Military Academj^ 
at West Point. Here he was regarded as a solid, 
sensible young man, of fair ability, and of sturdy, 
honest character. He took respectable rank as a 
scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as Lieutenant of 
Infantrj' to one of the distant mihtary posts in the 
Missouri Territory. Two years he passed in these 
dreary solitudes, watching the vagabond Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His 
first battle was at Palo Alto. There was no 
chance here for the exhibition of either skill or 
heroism, nor at Resaca de la Palma, his second 
battle. At the battle of Monterey, his third en- 
gagement, it is said that he performed a signal 
service of daring and skillful horsemanship. 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant 
returned with his regiment to New York, and 
was again sent to one of the militarj^ posts on the 
frontier. The discovery of gold in California 
causing an immense tide of emigration to flow to 
the Pacific shores, Capt. Grant was sent with a 
battalion to Ft. Dallas, in Oregon, for the protec- 
tion of the interests of the immigrants. But life 
was wearisome in those wilds, and he resigned 
his commission and returned to the States. Hav- 
ing married, he entered upon the cultivation of a 
gmali farni near St, Louis, Mo., but having little 

skill as a farmer, and finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering 
into the leather business, with a younger brother 
at Galena, 111. This was in the year i860. As 
the tidings of the rebels firing on Ft. Sumter 
reached the ears of Capt. Grant in his counting- 
room, he said: "Uncle Sam has educated me 
for the army; though I have served him through 
one war, I do not feel that I have yet repaid the 
debt. I am still ready to discharge my obliga- 
tions. I shall therefore buckle on my sword and 
see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of 
volunteers, and led them as their Captain to 
Springfield, the capital of the State, where their 
services were offered to Gov. Yates. The Gov- 
ernor, impressed by the zeal and straightforward 
executive ability of Capt. Grant, gave him a desk 
in his oSice to assist in the volunteer organiza- 
tion that was being formed in the State in behalf 
of the Government. On the 15th of June, 1861, 
Capt. Grant received a commission as Colonel of 
the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Volunteers. 
His merits as a West Point graduate, who had 
served for fifteen years in the regular army, were 
such that he was soon promoted to the rank of 
Brigadier- General, and was placed in command at 
Cairo. The rebels raised their banner at Padu- 
cah, near the mouth of the Tennessee River. 
Scarcely had its folds appeared in the breeze ere 
Gen. Grant was there. The rebels fled, their 
banner fell, and the Stars and Stripes were un- 
furled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determina- 
tion and immediately began active duty. This 
was the beginning, and until the surrender of 
Lee at Richm^ond he -^yas ever pushing the eijeniy 


with great vigor and effectiveness. At Belmont, 
a few days later, lie surprised and routed the 
rebels, then at Ft. Henry won another victory. 
Then came the brilliant fight at Ft. Donelson. 
The nation was electrified by the victory, and the 
brave leader of the boys in blue was immediately 
made a Major-General, and the military district 
of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains. Gen. Grant knew well 
how to secure the results of victory. He imme- 
diately pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then 
came the terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, 
Corinth, and the siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. 
Pemberton made an unconditional surrender of 
the city with over thirty thousand men and one 
hundred and seventy-two cannon. The fall of 
Vicksburg was by far the most severe blow which 
the rebels had thus far encountered, and opened 
up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown 
from his horse, and received severe injuries, from 
which he was laid up for months. He then 
rushed to the aid of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas 
at Chattanooga, and by a wonderful series of 
strategic and technical measures put the Union 
army in fighting condition. Then followed the 
bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout Moun- 
tain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him 
unbounded praise in the North. On the 4th of 
February, 1864, Congress revived the grade of 
lieutenant-general, and the rank was conferred 
on Gen. Grant. He repaired to Washington to 
receive his credentials and enter upon the duties 
of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge 
of the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed 
National troops for an attack upon Richmond, 
the nominal capital of the rebelUon, and endeavor 
there to destroy the rebel armies which would be 
promptly assembled from all quarters for its de- 
fense. The whole continent seemed to tremble 
under the tramp of these majestic armies, rushing 
to the decisive battle-field. Steamers were crowd- 
ed with troops. Railway trains were burdened 

with closely-packed thousands. His plans were 
comprehensive, and involved a series of cam- 
paigns, which were executed with remarkable 
energy and ability, and were consummated at the 
surrender of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. 
The almost unanimous voice of the nation de- 
clared Gen. Grant to be the most prominent in- 
strument in its salvation. The eminent services 
he had thus rendered the country brought him 
conspicuously forward as the Republican candi- 
date for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated 
for the Presidency, and at the autumn election 
received a majority of the popular vote, and two 
hundred and fourteen out of two hundred and 
ninety-four electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican 
party, which met at Philadelphia on the 5th 01 
June, 1872, placed Gen. Grant in nomination for 
a second term by a unanimous vote. The selec- 
tion was emphatically indorsed by the people five 
months later, two hundred and ninety-two elect- 
oral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. 
Grant started upon his famous trip around the 
world. He visited almost every country of the 
civilized world, and was everywhere received 
with such ovations and demonstrations of respect 
and honor, private as well as public and official, 
as were never before bestowed upon any citizen 
of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before 
the Republican National Convention in 1880 for 
a renomination for President. He went to New 
York and embarked in the brokerage business 
under the firm name of Grant & Ward. The 
latter proved a villain, wrecked Grant's fortune, 
and for larceny was sent to the penitentiary. 
The General was attacked with cancer in the 
throat, but suffered in his stoic-like manner, never 
complaining. He was re-instated as General of 
the Army, and retired by Congress. The cancer 
soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 1885, 
the nation went in mourning over the death ot 
the illustrious General. 



RUTHERFORD B. HAYES, the nineteenth 
President of the United States, was born in 
Delaware, Ohio, October 4, 1822, almost 
three months after the death of his father, Ruther- 
ford Hayes. His ancestry on both the paternal and 
maternal sides was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, as far back as 
1280, when Hayes and Rutherford were two 
Scottish chieftains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert Bruce. Both 
families belonged to the nobility, owned extensive 
estates, and had a large following. Misfortune 
overtaking the family, George Hayes left Scotland 
in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was bom in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, 
married Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of 
his marriage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. 
Ezekiel, son of Daniel, was bom in 1724, and was 
a manufacturer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. 
Rutherford Hayes, son of Ezekiel and grandfather 
of President Hayes, was bora in New Haven, in 
August, 1756. He was a farmer, blacksmith and 
tavern-keeper. He emigrated to Vermont at an 
unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, where he 
established a hotel. Here his son, Rutherford 
Hayes, the father of President Hayes, was born. 
He was married, in September, 181 3, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors 
emigrated thither from Connecticut, they having 
been among the wealthiest and best families of 
Norwich. Her ancestry on the male side is 
traced back to 1635, to John Birchard, one of the 
principal founders of Norwich. Both of her grand- 
fathers were soldiers in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industri- 
ous, frugal, yet open-hearted man. He was of a 

mechanical turn of mind, and could mend a plow, 
knit a stocking, or do almost anything else that 
he chose to undertake. He was a member of the 
church, active in all the benevolent enterprises 
of the town, and conducted his business on Chris- 
tian principles. After the close of the War of 
1812, for reasons inexplicable to his neighbors, he 
resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day, 
when there were no canals, steamers, or rail- 
ways, was a very serious affair. A tour of in- 
spection was first made, occupying four months. 
Mr. Hayes decided to move to Delaware, where 
the family arrived in 181 7. He died July 22, 
1822, a victim of malarial fever, less than three 
months before the birth of the son of whom we 
write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore bereavement, 
found the support she so much needed in her 
brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from 
Vermont, and in an orphan girl, whom she had 
adopted some time before as an act of charity. 

Rutherford was seven years old before he went 
to school. His education, however, was not neg- 
lected. He probably learned as much from his 
mother and sister as he would have done at 
school. His sports were almost wholly within 
doors, his playmates being his sister and her asso- 
ciates. These circumstances tended, no doubt, to 
foster that gentleness of disposition and that del- 
icate consideration for the feelings of others which 
were marked traits of his character. 

His uncle, Sardis Birchard, took the deepest 
interest in his education; and as the boy's health 
had improved, and he was making good progress 
in his studies, he proposed to send him to college. 
His preparation commenced with a tutor at home; 



but he was afterwards sent for one year to a pro- 
fessor in the Wesleyan University in Middletown, 
Conn. He entered Kenyon College in 1838, at 
the age of sixteen, and was graduated at the head 
of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, 
Esq., in Columbus. Finding his opportunities 
for study in Columbus somewhat limited, he de- 
termined to enter the Law School at Cambridge, 
Mass. , where he remained two j^ears. 

In 1845, after graduating at the Law School, he 
was admitted to the Bar at Marietta, Ohio, and 
shortly afterward went into practice as an at- 
torney-at-law with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fre- 
mont. Here he remained three years, acquiring 
but a limited practice, and apparently unambitious 
of distinction in his profession. 

In 1849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his am- 
bition found a new stimulus. For several years, 
however, his progress was slow. Two events 
occurring at this period had a powerful influence 
upon his subsequent life. One of these was his 
marriage with Miss Lucy Ware Webb, daughter 
of Dr. James Webb, of Chillicothe; the other was 
his introduction to the Cincinnati Literary Club, 
a body embracing among its members such men 
as Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, Gen. John 
Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many others 
hardly less distinguished in after life. The mar- 
riage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everj'body knows. Not one of all the wives of 
our Presidents was more universally admired, 
reverenced and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and 
no one did more than she to reflect honor upon 
American womanhood. The LiteraryClub brought 
Mr. Hayes into constant association with young 
men of high character and noble aims, and lured 
him to display the qualities so long hidden by his 
bashfulness and modesty. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge 
of the Court of Common Pleas, but he declined to 
accept the nomination. Two years later, the of- 
fice of City Solicitor becoming vacant, the City 
Council elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1 86 1, when the Rebellion broke out, he was 
at the zenith of his professional life. His rank at 

the Bar was among the first. But the news of 
the attack on Ft. Sumter found him eager to 
take up arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. 
In October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant- Colo- 
nel, and in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of 
the Seventy-ninth Ohio Regiment, but he refused 
to leave his old comrades and go among strangers. 
Subsequently, however, he was made Colonel of 
his old regiment At the battle of South Moun- 
tain he received a wound, and while faint and 
bleeding displayed courage and fortitude that 
won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, 
after his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, 
and placed in command of the celebrated Kanawha 
division, and for gallant and meritorious services 
in the battles of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and 
Cedar Creek, he was promoted Brigadier-General. 
He was also breveted Major- General, "for gallant 
and distinguished services during the campaigns 
of 1864, in West Virginia." In the course of his 
arduous services, four horses were shot from un- 
der him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress 
from the Second Ohio District, which had long 
been Democratic. He was not present during the 
campaign, and after the election was importuned 
to resign his commission in the army ; but he fi- 
nally declared, " I shall never come to Washing- 
ton until I can come by way of Richmond." He 
was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen. Hayes was elected Governor of 
Ohio, over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular 
Democrat, and in 1869 was re-elected over George 
H. Pendleton. He was elected Governor for the 
third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard-bearer of the Re- 
publican party in the Presidential contest, and 
after a hard, long contest was chosen President, 
and was inaugurated Monday, March 5, 1877. 
He served his full term, not, however, with satis- 
faction to his party, but his administration was an 
average one. The remaining years of his life 
were passed quietly in his Ohio home, where he 
passed away January 17, 1893. 



^AMES A. GARFIELD, twentieth President 
I of the United States, was born November 19, 
(2/ 1 83 1, in the woods of Orange, Cuyahoga 
County, Ohio. His parents were Abram and 
Eliza (Ballou) Garfield, both of New England 
ancestry, and from families well known in the 
early history of that section of our country-, but 
who had moved to the Western Reserve, in Ohio, 
early in its settlement. 

The house in which James A. was born was 
not unlike the houses of poor Ohio farmers of 
that day. It was about 20 x 30 feet, built of logs, 
with the spaces between the logs filled with clay. 
His father was a hard-^yorking farmer, and he 
soon had his fields cleared, an orchard planted, 
and a log barn built. The household comprised 
the father and mother and their four children, 
Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and James. In May, 
1823, the father died from a cold contracted in 
helping to put out a forest fire. At this time 
James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, 
can tell how much James was indebted to his 
brother's toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty 
years succeeding his father's death. He now 
lives in Michigan, and the two sisters live in Solon, 
Ohio, near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Gar- 
field enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the 
most of them. He labored at farm work for 
others, did carpenter work, chopped wood, or did 
anything that would bring in a few dollars to aid 
his widowed mother in her struggles to keep the 
little family together. Nor was Gen. Garfield 
ever ashamed of his origin, and he never forgot 
the friends of his struggling childhood, youth and 
manhood; neither did they ever forget him. 
When in the highest seats of honor, the humblest 
friend of his boyhood was as kindly greeted as 
ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the sym- 
pathy of one who had known aU the bitterness of 

want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, 
plain, modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until 
he was about sixteen years old was to be cap- 
tain of a vessel on L,ake Erie. He was anxious 
to go aboard a vessel, but this his mother strongly 
opposed. She finally consented to his going to 
Cleveland, with the understanding, however, that 
he should try to obtain some other kind of em- 
ployment. He walked all the way to Cleveland. 
This was his first visit to the city. After making 
many applications for work, and trying to get 
aboard a lake vessel and not meeting with suc- 
cess, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. 
He remained at this work but a short time, when 
he went home, and attended the seminary at 
Chester for about three years. He then entered 
Hiram and the Eclectic Institute, teaching a few 
terms of school in the mean time, and doing other 
work. This school was started by the Disciples 
of Christ in 1850, of which body he was then a 
member. He became janitor and bell-ringer in 
order to help pay his way. He then became both 
teacher and pupil. Soon " exhausting Hiram," 
and needing a higher education, in the fall of 1854 
he entered Williams College, from which he grad- 
uated in 1856, taking one of the highest honors of 
his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram Col- 
lege as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian, or Disciples, Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous 
member, often preaching in its pulpit and places 
where he happened to be. 

Mr. Garfield was united in mamage, Novem- 
ber II, 1858, with Miss Lucretia Rudolph, who 
proved herself worthy as the wife of one whom 
all the world loved. To them were born seven 
children, five of whom are still living, four boya 
and one girL 



Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 
1856, in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and 
three years later he began to speak at county 
mass-meetings, and became the favorite speaker 
wherever he was. During this year he was 
elected to the Ohio Senate. He also began to 
study law at Cleveland, and in 1861 was admitted 
to the Bar. The great Rebellion broke out in the 
early part of this year, and Mr. Garfield at once 
resolved to fight as he had talked, and enlisted to 
defend the Old Flag. He received his commission 
as Lieutenant- Colonel of the Forty-second Regi- 
ment of Ohio Infantry August 14, 1861. He 
was immediately put into active service, and be- 
fore he had ever seen a gun fired in action, was 
placed in command of four regiments of infantrj' 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the able 
rebel officer, Humphrey Marshall, of Kentucky. 
This work was bravely and speedily accomplished, 
although against great odds, and President Lin- 
coln commissioned him Brigadier-General, Janu- 
ary 10, 1862; and "as he had bee.i the youngest 
man in the Ohio Senate two years before, so now 
he was the youngest General in the army." He 
was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, in its 
operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of 
the general court martial for the trial of Gen. 
Fitz-John Porter. He was next ordered to re- 
port to Gen. Rosecrans, and was assigned to the 
" Chief of Staff." The militar>' history of Gen. 
Garfield closed with his brilliant services at Chick- 
amauga, where he won the rank of Major- General. 

Without an effort on his part. Gen. Garfield 
was elected to Congress in the fall of 1862, from 
the Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of 
Ohio had been represented in Congress for sixty 
years mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and 
Joshua R. Giddings. It was not without a strug- 
gle that he resigned his place in the army. At 
the time he entered Congress he was the youngest 
member in that bod}-. There he remained by 
successive re-elections until he was elected Presi- 
dent, in 1880. Of his labors in Congress, Senator 
Hoar says: "Since the year 1864 you cannot 
think of a question which has been debated in 

Congress, or discussed before a tribunal of the 
American people, in regard to which you will not 
find, if you wish instruction, the argument on 
one side stated, in almost every instance better 
than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings 
by Mr. Garfield." 

Upon January 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elect- 
ed to the United States Senate, and on the 8th of 
June, of the same year, was nominated as the 
candidate of his party for President at the great 
Chicago Convention. He was elected in the fol- 
lowing November, and on March 4, 1881, was 
inaugurated. Probably no administration ever 
opened its existence under brighter auspices than 
that of President Garfield, and every day it grew 
in favor with the people. By the ist of July 
he had completed all the initiatory and prelimi- 
nary wofk of his administration, and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Will- 
iams College. While on his way and at the 
depot, in company with Secretary Blaine, a man 
stepped behind him, drew a revolver, and fired 
directly at his back. The President tottered and 
fell, and as he did so the assassin fired a second 
shot, the bullet cutting the left coat sleeve of his 
victim, but inflicting no further injury. It has 
been very truthfully said that this was ' ' the shot 
that was heard around the world. ' ' Never before 
in the history of the nation had anything occur- 
red which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment as this awful deed. He was 
smitten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his 
life, at the summit of his power and hope. For 
eighty days, all during the hot months of July 
and August, he lingered and suffered. He, how- 
ever, remained master of himself till the last, and 
by his magnificent bearing taught the country 
and the world one of the noblest of human les- 
sons — how to live grandly in the very clutch of 
death. Great in life, he was surpassingly great 
in death. He passed serenely away September 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of 
the ocean, where he had been taken shortly be- 
fore. The world wept at his death, as it rarely 
ever had done on the death of any other great 
and noble man. 



E HESTER A. ARTHUR, twenty-first Presi- 1 
dent of the United States, was born in Frank- 
lin County, Vt., on the 5th day of October, 1 
1830, and was the eldest of a family of two sons i 
and five daughters. His father was the Rev. Dr. ' 
William Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who emi- ; 
grated to this country from County Antrim, Ire- ; 
land, in his eighteenth year, and died in 1875, in i 
Newtonville, near Albany, after a long and suc- 
cessful ministry. j 

Young Arthur was educated at Union College, 
Schenectady, where he excelled in all his studies. ' 
After his graduation he taught school in Ver- 
mont for two years, and at the expiration of that ; 
time came to New York, with $500 in his pocket, j 
and entered the office of ex -Judge E. D. Culver i 
as a student. After being admitted to the Bar, he j 
formed a partnership with his intimate friend and } 
room-mate, Henry D. Gardiner, with the inten- ! 
tion of practicing in the West, and for three 
months they roamed about in the Western States ! 
in search of an eligible site, but in the end re- ] 
turned to New York, where they hung out their I 
shingle, and entered upon a successful career al- 
most from the start. Gen. Arthur soon after mar- 
ried the daughter of Lieut. Hern don, of the | 
United States Navy, who was lost at sea. Con- 1 
gress voted a gold medal to his widow in recog- 
nition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. 
Arthur's nominationto the Vice-Presidency, leav- 
ing two children. 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celeb- 
rity in his first great case, the famous Eemmon 
suit, brought to recover possession of eight slaves 
who had been declared free by Judge Paine, of 
the Superior Court of New York City. It was in 

1852 that Jonathan Eemmon, of Virginia, went to 
New York with his slaves, intending to ship them 
to Texas, when they were discovered and freed. 
The Judge decided that they could not be held by 
the owner under the Fugitive Slave Law. A howl 
of rage went up from the South, and the Virginia 
Legislature authorized the Attorney-General of 
that State to assist in an appeal. William M. 
Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed to 
represent the people, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the 
United States. Charles O' Conor here espoused 
the cause of the slaveholders, but he, too, was 
beaten by Messrs. Evarts and Arthur, and a long 
step was taken toward the emancipation of the 
black race. 

Another great service was rendered by Gen. 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jen- 
nings, a respectable colored woman, was put off 
a Fourth Avenue car with violence after she had 
paid her fare. Gen. Arthur sued on her behalf, 
and secured a verdict of $500 damages. The next 
day the company issued an order to admit colored 
persons to ride on their cars, and the other car 
companies quickly followed their example. Be- 
fore that the Sixth Avenue Company ran a few 
special cars for colored persons, and the other lines 
refused to let them ride at all. 

Gen. Arthur was a delegate to the convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of 
the Second Brigade of the State of New York, 
and Gov. Morgan, of that State, appointed him 
Engineer-in- Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was 
made Inspector- General, and soon afterward be- 
came Quartermaster-General. In each of these 
offices he rendered great service to the Govern- 


nient during the war. At the end of Gov. Mor- 
gan's term he resumed the practice of law, form- 
ing a partnership with Mr. Ransom, and then 
Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney of New York, 
ivas added to the firm. The legal practice of this 
well-known firm was very large and lucrative, 
as each of the gentlemen composing it was an able 
lawyer, and possessed a splendid local reputa- 
tion, if not, indeed, one of national extent. 

Mr. Arthur always took a leading part in State 
and city politics. He was appointed Collector of 
the Port of New York by President Grant, No- 
vember 21, 1872, to succeed Thomas Murphy, 
and he held the office until July 20, 1878, when 
he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the 
famous National Republican Convention held at 
Chicago in June, 1880. This was perhaps the 
greatest political convention that ever assembled 
on the continent. It was composed of the lead- 
ing politicians of the Republican party, all able 
tnen, and each stood firm and fought vigorously 
and with signal tenacity for his respective can- 
didate that was before the convention for the 
domination. Finally Gen. Garfield received the 
nomination for President, and Gen. Arthur for 
Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the his- 
tory of our countrj'. Gen. Hancock, the .stand- 
ard-bearer of the Democratic party, was a popular 
man, and his party made a valiant fight for his 

Finally the election came, and the country's 
choice was Garfield and Arthur. They were in- 
augurated March 4, 188 1, as President and Vice- 
President. A few months only had passed ere 
the newly-chosen President was the victim of the 
assassin's bullet. Then came terrible weeks of 
suffering — those moments of anxious suspense, 
when the hearts of all civilized nations were 
throbbing in unison, longing for the recovery of 
the noble, the good President. The remarkable 
patience that he manifested during those hours 
cind weeks, and even months, of the most terrible 
suffering man has ever been called upon to en- 
dure, was seemingly more than human. It was 

certainly godlike. During all this period of 
deepest anxiety Mr. Arthur's every move was 
watched, and, be it said to his credit, that his every 
action displayed only an earnest desire that the 
suffering Garfield might recover to serve the re- 
mainder of the term he had so auspiciously be- 
gun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested in 
deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President 
Garfield from further suffering, and the world, as 
never before in its history over the death of any 
other man, wept at his bier. Then it became the 
duty of the Vice-President to assume the respon- 
sibilities of the high office, and he took the oath 
in New York, September 20, 1881. The position 
was an embarrassing one to him, made doubly so 
from the fact that all eyes were on him, anxious 
to know what he would do, what policy he would 
pursue, and whom he would select as advisers. 
The duties of the office had been greatly neglected 
during the President's long illness, and many im- 
portant measures were to be immediately decided 
by him ; and to still further embarass him he did 
not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many 
on this point. Under these trj-ing circumstances. 
President Arthur took the reins of the Govern- 
ment in his own hands, and, as embarrassing as 
was the condition of affairs, he happily surprised 
the nation, acting so wisely that but few criticized 
his administration. He served the nation well 
and faithfully until the close of his administra- 
tion, March 4, 1885, and was a popular candidate 
before his party for a second term. His name 
was ably presented before the convention at Chi- 
cago, and was received with great favor, and 
doubtless but for the personal popularity of one 
of the opposing candidates, he would have been 
selected as the standard-bearer of his party for 
another campaign. He retired to private life, car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American 
people, whom he had served in a manner satisfac- 
tory to them and with credit to himself. One 
year later he was called to his final rest. 



7\ twentj-'Second President of the United States, 
>Jy was born in 1837, in the obscure town of 
Caldwell, Essex Count}-, N. J., and in a little 
two-and-a-half-story white house, which is still 
standing to characteristically mark the humble 
birthplace of one of America's great men, in 
striking contrast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in origin and 
bom in the cradle of wealth. When the subject 
of this sketch was three years of age, his father, 
who was a Presbyterian minister with a large 
family and a small salary, moved, by way of the 
Hudson River and Erie Canal, to Fayetteville, N. 
Y., in search of an increased income and a larger 
field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles 
from Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour 
was born. 

At the last-mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the good, old-fashioned 
way, and presumably distinguished himself after 
the manner of all village boys — in doing the 
things he ought not to do. Such is the dis- 
tinguishing trait of all geniuses and independent 
thinkers. When he arrived at the age of four- 
teen years, he had outgrown the capacity of the 
village school, and expressed a most emphatic de- 
sire to be sent to an academy. To this his fa- 
ther decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him 
to become self-supporting by the quickest pos- 
sible means, and this at that time in Fayetteville 
seemed to be a position in a country store, where 
his father and the large family on his hands had 

considerable influence. Grover was to be paid 
$50 for his sen-ices the first year, and if he proved 
trustworthy he was to receive $100 the second 
year. Here the lad commenced his career as 
salesman, and in two years he had earned so good 
a reputation for trustworthiness that his employ- 
ers desired to retain him for an indefinite length 
of time. 

But instead of remaining with this firm in 
Fayetteville, he went with the family in their re- 
moval to Clinton, where he had an opportunity 
of attending a High School. Here he industri- 
ously pursued his studies until the family re- 
moved with him to a point on Black River known 
as the "Holland Patent," a village of five or six 
hundred people, fifteen miles north of Utica, N. Y. 
At this place his father died, after preaching but 
three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, 
at a small salary, the position of under- teacher 
in an asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully 
for two years, and although he obtained a good 
reputation in this capacity, he concluded that 
teaching was not his calling in life, and, revers- 
ing the traditional order, he left the city to seek 
his fortune, instead of going to the city. He first 
thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as there was some 
charm in that name for him; but before proceed- 
ing to that place he went to Buffalo to ask advice 
of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted stock- 
breeder of that place. The latter did not speak 
enthusiastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply "Good gracious!" remarked 
the old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? Whatever 



put that into your head? How much money 
have you got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I 
haven't got any." 

After a long consultation, his uncle oflFered him 
a place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at 
^50 a year, while he could look around. One 
day soon afterward he boldly walked into the of- 
fice of Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and 
told them what he wanted. A number of young 
men were already engaged in the office, but Gro- 
ver's persistency won, and he was finally per- 
mitted to come as an office boy and have the use 
of the law library, receiving as wages the sum of 
$^ or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for his 
board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair, and as for his overcoat he 
had none; yet he was, nevertheless, prompt and 
regular. On the first day of his service there, his 
senior employer threw down a copy of Black- 
stone before him, with a bang that made the dust 
fly, saying "That's where they all begin." A 
titter ran around the little circle of clerks and 
students, as they thought that was enough to 
scare young Grover out of his plans; but in due 
time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleve- 
land exhibited a talent for executivene-ss rather 
than for chasing principles through all their 
metaphysical possibilities. "Let us quit talking 
and go and do it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland 
was elected was that of Sheriff of Erie County, 
N. Y., in which Buffalo is situated; and in such 
capacity it fell to his duty to inflict capital punish- 
ment upon two criminals. In 1881 he was 
elected Mayor of the City of Buffalo, on the 
Democratic ticket, with especial reference to bring- 
ing about certain reforms in the administration 
of the municipal affairs of that city. In this of- 
fice, as well as in that of Sheriff, his performance 
of duty has generally been considered fair, with 
possibly a few exceptions, which were ferreted 
out and magnified during his Presidential cam- 
paign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an 

iniquitous street-cleaning contract: "This is a 
time for plain speech, and my objection to your 
action shall be plainly stated. I regard it as the 
culmination of a most bare-faced, impudent and 
shameless scheme to betray the interests of the 
people and to worse than squander the people's 
mone3\" The New York Su?i afterward very 
highly commended Mr. Cleveland's administra- 
tion as Mayor of Buffalo, and thereupon recom- 
mended him for Governor of the Empire State. 
To the latter office he was elected in 1882, and 
his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, 
if any, were made very public throughout the na- 
tion after he was nominated for President of the 
United States. For this high office he was 
nominated July 11, 1884, by the National Demo- 
cratic Convention at Chicago, when other com- 
petitors were Thomas F. Bayard, Roswell F, 
Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, Benjamin F. 
Butler, Allen G. Thunnan, etc.; and he was 
elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Re- 
publican statesman, James G. Blaine. President 
Cleveland resigned his office as Governor of New 
York in January, 1885, in order to prepare for 
his duties as the Chief Executive of the United 
States, in which capacity his term commenced at 
noon on the 4th of March, 1885. 

The silver question precipitated a controversy 
between those who were in favor of the continu- 
ance of silver coinage and those who were op- 
posed, Mr. Cleveland answering for the latter, 
even before his inauguration. 

On June 2, 1886, President Cleveland married 
Frances, daughter of his deceased friend and part- 
ner, Oscar Folsom, of the Buffalo Bar. Their 
union has been blessed by the birth of two daugh- 
ters. In the campaign of 1888, President Cleve- 
land was renominated by his party, but the 
Republican candidate, Gen. Benjamin Harrison, 
was victorious. In the nominations of 1892 
these two candidates for the highest position in 
the gift of the people were again pitted against 
each other, and in the ensuing election President 
Cleveland was victorious by an overwhelming 



HENJAMIN HARRISON, the twenty-third 
|C\ President, is the descendant of one of the 
L^ historical families of this country. The first 
known head of the family was Maj.-Gen. Harrison, 
one of Oliver Cromwell's trusted followers and 
fighters. In the zenith of Cromwell's power it be- 
came the duty of this Harrison to participate in 
the trial of Charles I., and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subsequently 
paid for this with his life, being hung October 13, 
1660. His descendants came to America, and 
the next of the family that appears in history is 
Benjamin Harrison, of Virginia, great-grandfa- 
ther of the subject of this sketch, and after whom 
he was named. Benjamin Harrison was a mem- 
ber of the Continental Congress during the years 
1774, 1775 and 1776, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 

Gen. William Henr\- Harrison, the son of the 
distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a 
successful career as a soldier during the War of 
181 2, and with a clean record as Governor of the 
Northwestern Territory, was elected President of 
the United States in 1840. His career was cut 
short by death within one month after his in- 

President Harrison was born at North Bend, 

Hamilton County, Ohio, August 20, 1833. His 
life up to the time of his graduation from Miami 
University, at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful 
one of a country' lad of a family of small means. 
His father was able to give him a good education, 
and nothing more. He became engaged while at 
college to the daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of 
a female school at Oxford. After graduating, he 
determined to enter upon the study of law. He 
went to Cincinnati and there read law for two 
years. At the expiration of that time young Har- 
rison received the only inheritance of his life — his 
aunt, dying, left him a lot valued at $800. He 
regarded this legacy as a fortune, and decided to 
get married at once, take this money and go to 
some Eastern town and begin the practice of law. 
He sold his lot, and, with the money in his pocket, 
he started out with his young wife to fight for a 
place in the world. He decided to go to Indian- 
apolis, which was even at that time a town of 
promise. He met with slight encouragement at 
first, making scarcely anything the first year. 
He worked diligently, applying himself closely to 
his calling, built up an extensive practice and 
took a leading rank in the legal profession. 

In i860, Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be 
gan his experience as a stump speaker. He can- 


vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by 
a handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 
Seventeenth Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its 
Colonel. His regiment was composed of the raw- 
est material, but Col. Harrison employed all his 
time at first in mastering military tactics and drill- 
ing his men, and when he came to move toward 
the East with Sherman, his regiment was one of 
the best drilled and organized in the army. At 
Resaca he especially distinguished himself, and 
("or his bravery at Peachtree Creek he was made 
a Brigadier- General, Gen. Hooker speaking of 
him in the most complimentar}- terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the 
field, the Supreme Court declared the ofiice of 
Supreme Court Reporter vacant, and another 
person was elected to the position. From the 
time of leaving Indiana with his regiment until 
the fall of 1864 he had taken no leave of absence, 
but having been nominated that year for the same 
office, he got a thirty-day leave of absence, and 
during that time made a brilliant canvass of the 
State, and was elected for another term. He then 
started to rejoin Sherman, but on the way was 
stricken down with scarlet fever, and after a most 
trying attack made his way to the front in time to 
participate in the closing incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-election 
as Reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 
1876 he was a candidate for Governor. Although 
defeated, the brilliant campaign he made won for 
him a national reputation, and he was much sought 
after, especially in the East, to make speeches. 
In 1880, as usual, he took an active part in the 
campaign, and was elected to the United States 
Senate. Here he served for six years, and was 
known as one of the ablest men, best lawyers and 
strongest debaters in that body. With the ex- 
piration of his senatorial term he returned to the 
practice of his profession, becoming the head of 
one of the strongest firms in the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. 
The convention which assembled in Chicago in 
June and named Mr. Harrison as the chief stind- 
ard-bearer of the Republican party was great in 
§ver)' particular, and on fiis account, aud the at- 

titude it assumed upon the vital questions of the 
day, chief among which was the tariS", awoke a 
deep interest in the campaign throughout the 
nation. Shortly after the nomination, delegations 
began to visit Mr. Harrison at Indianapolis, his 
home. This movement became popular, and from 
all sections of the country societies, clubs and 
delegations journeyed thither to pay their re- 
spects to the distinguished statesman. 

Mr. Harrison spoke daily all through the sum- 
mer and autumn to these visiting delegations, 
and so varied, masterly, and eloquent were his 
speeches that they at once placed him in the fore- 
most rank of American orators and statesmen. 
Elected by a handsome majority, he served his 
country faithfully and well, and in 1892 was nom- 
inated for re-election; but the people demanded a 
change and he was defeated by his predecessor 
in office, Grover Cleveland. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and 
his power as a debater. Gen. Harrison was called 
upon at an early age to take part in the dis- 
cussion of the great questions that then began to 
agitate the country. He was an uncompromising 
anti-slavery man, and was matched against some 
of the most eminent Democratic speakers of his 
State. No man who felt the touch of his blade 
desired to be pitted with him again. With all 
his eloquence as an orator he never spoke for ora- 
torical effect, but his words always went like bul- 
lets to the mark. He is purely American in his 
ideas, and is a splendid type of the American 
statesman. Gifted with quick perception, a logi- 
cal mind and a ready tongue, he is one of the 
most distinguished impromptu speakers in the 
nation. Many of these speeches sparkled with the 
rarest eloquence and contained arguments of great 
weight, and many of his terse statements have 
already become aphorisms. Original in thought, 
precise in logic, terse in statement, yet withal 
faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as the 
sound statesman and brilliant orator of the day. 
During the last days of his administration Presi- 
dent Harrison suffered an irreparable loss in the 
death of his devoted wife, Caroline (Scott) Har- 
rison, a lady of many womanly charms and vir- 
tues, They were the parents of two chil4reQ, 



^^(g)Q) \^ 


^HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of the first days 
of settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for tlie collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the gieat dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent obhvion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
ThT pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable systeip 
of local biography. By this system every man, thougV 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in tlie ceme. 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the actainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose live* 
are unworthy of Dublic record. 



an able and leading attornej^ of Sedalia, 
Mo. , has done more for this place than almost 
anj' other man. He is now serving as Vice-Pres- 
ident of the Sedalia National Bank and as Presi- 
dent of the Board of Trade. He was a member 
of both the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-eighth Gen- 
eral Assemblies of the Missouri Legislature, serv- 
ing with distinction in that body. 

Mr. Bothwell was born in Maysville, Clay Coun- 
ty, 111., in November, 1848, and is a son of James 
K. Bothwell, a native of Athens County, Ohio. 
The grandfather of our subject, whose name was 
also James Bothwell, was born in the North of 
Ireland, of Scotch parentage, and came with 
his parents to the New World when a child, they 
locating in Virginia, where James was reared. 
He later went to Geneva, Pa., where he was mar- 
ried, and removed to Athens County, Ohio, set- 
tling in the portion which is now comprised in 
Vinton County. There he engaged in agricult- 
ural pursuits, meeting with excellent success, and 
reared a large family of children. 

The father of our subject located in Clay Coun- 
ty, 111., over a half-century ago, and there, in con- 
nection with farming, also dealt in merchandise in 
Clay City. He married Marian Brissenden, who 
was born in Edwards County, 111., and is a daugh- 
ter of John Brissenden. Her parents came from 
England, and were pioneers of the Prairie State, 
where they arrived in the early part of this cen- 

tury, and made a location in Edwards County. Of 
the seven children born to Mr. and Mrs. Both- 
well, five grew to maturity, while four are still 
living: H. C, who is Count}^ Treasurer of Clay 
County, 111.; Hon. John H.; James, a resident 
of Seattle, Wash. ; and Florence, who resides on 
the old home. The father is still living at the ripe 
old age of seventy-six years, and is a stanch Re- 
publican in politics. 

The primary education of John H. Bothwell 
was begun in an old log schoolhouse with punch- 
eon floor, after which he attended school in a 
frame building in Maysville, and still later in one 
of brick in Clay City. He remained at home un- 
til he had reached the age of seventeen, when he 
entered the State University at Bloomington, Ind., 
I completing the scientific course in the Class of 
j '69, when he received the degree of B. S. He 
I then traveled a few months, after which he began 
[ the study of law in Edwards County, 111., with 
j A. B. Matthews; subsequently he went to Spring- 
1 field, 111., studying with the firm of Stewart, Ed- 
wards & Brown. Major Stewart was at one time 
i preceptor and partner of Abraham Lincoln, of 
whom he was ever a warm personal friend. Our 
subject later went to Albany, N. Y., and gradu- 
; ated from the law school there in the Class of ' 7 1 , 
i receiving the degree of LL. B., at which time he 
was also admitted to the Bar, being licensed to 
1 practice in both the New York and United States 


In the same year Mr. Bothwell located in Se- 
dalia, where he opened a law office, and after en- 
gaging in practice for one year, formed a partner- 
ship with F. Houston, the firm being known as 
Houston & Bothwell. This connection continued 
for twelve years, when it was dissolved by mutual 
consent, after which Mr. Bothwell joined his 
brother-in-law, William V. Jaynes, and the firm 
became Bothwell & Jaynes. This continued until 
his partner's death, in July, 1891, since which 
time he has practiced alone. He is connected 
with various business interests, having served as 
Vice-President of the Sedalia National Bank for 
two years, and is a very successful loan agent. 
He owns a farm of three hundred acres ten miles 
west of Sedalia, besides much valuable real es- 
tate in the city, including both business and resi- 
dence property, and has erected several brick 
blocks. He also laid out the Bothwell & Weed 
Addition to Sedalia, and organized the Midland 
Saving & Loan Company, of which he was sec- 
retary and manager, but resigned on account of 
not having sufficient time to devote to the duties 
of the same. 

In 1884, in this city, Mr. Bothwell married 
Miss HattieE. Jaynes, the eldest daughter of Col. 
A. D. Jaynes, who is now deceased. She was 
born in Athens County, Ohio, and was educated 
in the Wesleyan Female Seminary of that state. 
She was called to her final rest in 1887. 

In politics Mr. Bothwell takes a prominent part, 
and was elected in 1888, on the Republican ticket, 
to the Thirty-fifth General Assembly, represent- 
ing the eastern half of the county, which was 
then divided into two districts. He served on the 
Judiciary Committee, as well as the one on peniten- 
tiaries, and during the term introduced several 
important bills. At the close of that session he 
was appointed on the committee which revised, 
compiled, annotated and published the revised 
statutes of Mi.ssouri of 1889. In 1892, while on 
a two-months trip to Europe, he was made Chair- 
man of the Republican State Central Committee, 
serving from April, 1892, until August, 1894, 
when his successor was elected. In 1894 he 
was elected to represent Pettis County in the Leg- 
islature, receiving a majority of four hundred over 

his opponent, and he was a candidate in- the Re- 
publican caucus for Speaker of the House. 

Mr. Bothwell introduced the resolution which 
was passed to remove the capitol to Sedalia, 
which had frequently been attempted during the 
preceding eighteen years. It was a ma.ster stroke 
on his part. After he had secured its passage 
through the House, Senator Yeater, also of Se- 
dalia, managed and supported it in the Senate. 
He served on a number of important committees, 
including the Judiciary, which was the leading 
committee of the House; the one on Criminal 
Fees and Costs; the one on the permanent Seat 
of Government, and on Rules. 

Besides his many other business interests, Mr. 
Bothwell is now serving as President of the Seda- 
lia Board of Trade. He has not only visited 
Europe, but has traveled very extensively in his 
own country, having visited three-fourths of the 
states of the Union, going from the Atlantic to 
the Pacific, and from the Lakes to the Gulf. He 
is one of the most brilliant attorne3'S of Sedalia, 
and ranks high among his professional breth- 
ren in the state. He has met with excellent suc- 
cess in almost everj'thing he undertakes, and as 
a public man has a record of which he may well 
be proud. 

HON. JOHN H. HEWES, the efficient and 
popular Mayor of Holden, has been seven 
times elected to this responsible position, 
first in April, 1885, and the last time in April, 1895. 
In the first-mentioned year he also qualified as a 
Justice of the Peace, and by continuous re-elec- 
tions has held the office ever since. Though he 
has rendered decisions on numerous cases, very 
few have been reversed on being appealed. An 
active Republican, he has often served his party 
as a delegate to county and district conventions. 
David Hewes, father of the above gentleman, 
was born in Maine, as was also his wife, who be- 
fore her marriage bore the name of Mary Sawyer. 
The father was a blacksmith by trade, and was 


also a successful farmer. About 1851 he moved 
to Beaver Dam, Wis., where he purchased an 
eighty-acre farm, on which he made his home 
for a short time. Later, however, he moved to 
the town just mentioned, and worked at black- 

John H. Hewes was born in Hampden, Me., 
Julv 13, 1838, and was thirteen 3'ears of age 
when the familj- moved West. He attended 
school in his native state, and for three years 
was a student in the high school of Beaver Dam, 
Wis. When in his seventeenth year he returned 
to Maine, and there spent two or three years. 
While still a youth, he was made Deputy Re- 
corder of Buffalo County, Wis., and also Clerk in 
the postoffice at Montello. In 1861 he enUsted 
in Company H, Sixteenth Wisconsin Infantry, 
and took part in the battles of Shiloh, Corinth 
and luka. During this time he was in Grant's 
command, and subsequently participated in the 
siege of Vicksburg and in the engagement at 
Milliken's Bend. At first he was a musician in 
the band, and did not carry a musket until after 
the battle of Shiloh, when, the members of the 
band being scattered (only three being left), he 
volunteered to enter the regular service. He was 
elected Orderly-Sergeant, serving as such until 
he resigned. Returning to the band, he con- 
tinued in that department until he was discharged, 
in the fall of 1864. 

For a year Mr. Hewes carried on a hotel in 
Beaver Dam, and then went to Jefferson, Iowa. 
Soon afterward he was employed in the Re- 
corder's office as Deputy Clerk of the Circuit 
^Court, holding the same office for about a year. 
Later, going to Washington County, Neb., he 
made a set of abstract books, and was soon ap- 
pointed Clerk of the Circuit Court, under Judge 
Crounce, which office he held until resigning, in 
1869, when he came to Holden. During the 
next ten years he was employed as a clerk in a 
dry-goods store, but, becoming interested in the 
insurance business, he opened the office which 
he has since conducted for the transaction of that 
branch of work. 

February 25, 1868, Mr. Hewes was married, at 
Jefferson, Iowa, to Frances L. Little, who died 

in February, 1883. She was on her way home 
from prayer-meeting, but before she reached it 
died suddenly from heart disease. She was the 
mother of five children, all of whom survive, and ' 
are as follows: Cora F., wife of R. L. James, of 
Kansas City; Fred B., Bessie F., Louie B. and 
May A. August 19, 1885, Mr. Hughes married 
Hattie B. McClelan, of Holden, but whose birth 
occurred in Springfield, Ohio. 

Socially Mr. Hewes was for years a member 
of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, but the 
lodge to which he belonged surrendered its char- 
ter, and he has not joined any other lodge since. 
In the latter order he filled a number of positions 
in the local lodge, and has served as an official 
in the blue lodge and chapter of the Masonic fra- 
ternity, which he joined at Ft. Calhoun, Neb. 
While a resident of Jefferson, Iowa, he helped to 
organize the Grand Army post there, of which he 
was one of the charter members, and is now a 
member of Winfield Scott Post, G. A. R., of 
Holden. Several times he has served as Adju- 
tant, and at present is Post Commander. He and 
his wife are members of the First Presbyterian 
Church of Holden, and are active workers in the 

<y'^HOMAS WARD, whose name is familiar as 
J C a successful farmer of Johnson County, now 
VS) makes his home in township 47, range 27. 
The Buckeye State has furnished many of the 
leading citizens of this county, and not least 
among them is Mr. Ward, who was born in Pains- 
ville, Ashtabula County, Ohio, on the 2 2d of 
November, 1836. He is the third in a family of 
seven children born to James and Mary (McCar- 
ty) Ward, but has only one brother now living, 

James Ward was a native of New York, where 
his boyhood days were spent, and there he ac- 
quired his education in the common schools. He 
learned the trade of a stone-mason, which occupa- 


tion he made his life work. On reaching man- 
hood he was married, and shortly after emigrated 
to Ohio. He did not remain in that state very 
long, however, but on securing work on the peni- 
tentiary at Jackson, Mich., in 1838, he removed 
to that city. There he followed his trade for 
some four years, at the end of which time he lo- 
cated on a farm which he had purchased and de- 
voted his time to agricultural pursuits. For over 
fifteen years he made that place his home, when, 
his sons all leaving him, he returned to the city, 
where he spent the remainder of his life, dying 
about 1867. 

Thomas Ward, whose name heads this record, 
was but eleven months old when taken by his 
parents to Michigan, most of his boyhood days 
being passed upon the home farm. He there 
grew to manhood, in the mean time acquiring a 
fair education in the common schools. After he 
had attained his majority he left the parental 
roof, embarking on the rough voyage of life for 
himself. For three years he was employed in a 
mill during the winter, while in the summer 
months he worked in a brick-yard, which was 
very profitable. On the expiration of that time, 
being a young man full of ambition, he was 
taken with the "gold fever, " and, shouldering his 
pick, started for Pike's Peak. Cros.sing the plains 
from St. Joe, Mo., with a wagon train in i860, 
he arrived at his destination about the ist of 
June, and went to work with a will. Being un- 
skilled in mining, his funds were soon exhausted 
and he then worked for wages. During the first 
winter he experienced many hardships and priva- 
tions, but the following spring he and his part- 
ner began again, being undaunted by their previ 
ous failure, and now success crowned their ef- 
forts. In the fall, however, Mr. Ward announced 
his intention of returning to St. Joe for the winter. 
His partner tried to dissuade him, telling him 
that his patriotic spirit would cause him to en- 
list in the service, as the Civil War was then in 
progress, but our subject thought not, and prom- 
ised to return the following spring. 

But shortly after his arrival at St. Joe, Mr. 
Ward joined the Fremont Light Guards, the com- 
manding officer being Colonel Catherwood. There 

was some difficulty in securing enough men to 
make up the regiment and it was afterward dis- 
banded. In company with six of his comrades, 
our subject then went to St. Louis and enlisted 
in Company D, of the Second Iowa Infantry, 
November 28, 1861, under Capt. Noah W. Mills 
and Col. James M. Tuttle. For three years and 
eight months he remained in the service, and saw 
much hard fighting, participating in many of the 
most important engagements of the war. He 
was in the battles of Ft. Donelson and Shiloh, the 
siege of Corinth, and the battle at that place on 
the 3d and 4th of October, 1862. On the 22d of 
the same month he took part in the battle of Dal- 
ton, where General McPherson was killed; and 
on the 27th the battle of Jonesboro. A notable 
fact worthy of relating is that his regiment was 
the first to make a charge and hold its position at 
the battle of Ft. Donelson, being the indirect 
cause of its evacuation. Mr. Ward also went 
with Sherman on the celebrated march to the 
sea. After the order was given that all men 
having served two years could re-enlist and would 
be given a thirty-days furlough, he was mustered 
out at Pulaski, Tenn., and after his re-enlistment 
went to Iowa. After one month he re-joined his 
company, remaining in the service until he was 
mustered out at Davenport, on the 19th of July, 

From that place Mr. Ward went to Kansas 
City, where he resumed civil pursuits, finding 
work in a mill. There he remained until the 15th 
of January, 1866, when he went to Holden, Mo., 
and thence to Columbus. After being employed 
for four years in a mill, he began farming, and 
has since been one of Johnson County's leading 
and progressive agriculturists. He was married 
on the 4th of June, 1867, Miss America A. Mat- 
thews becoming his wife. To them have been 
born six children, but two have been called to the 
home beyond. Those living are Edwin M., 
Stella, Mary and Mackie, who are still with their 
parents, and contribute their share to the happi- 
ness of the home. In the spring of 1869 Mr. 
Ward purchased a farm near Holden, and the 
following fall moved thereon. There the family 
resided for some six years, when a portion of its 


members went to their present home, the father 
dividing his time between the two places. Since 
the burning of his former residence two 3-ears 
since, that farm is rented and they now live near 

Mr. Ward has always been an active Republi- 
can, supporting the principles of his party with 
all the force of his convictions. Since becoming 
a resident of Johnson County, he has taken a 
lively interest in its progress and development, 
giving his encouragement and more substantial 
support to everything tending towards its ad- 
vancement and welfare. He stands high in the 
community and wins friends wherever he goes. 



|_ Superintendent of the public schools ot Se- 
^_J dalia, is, and deservedly so, one of the most 
prominent educators of Missouri. Life to him 
has meant one grand opportunity for the enlight- 
enment and betterment of mankind and the ad- 
vancement of the cause of education, and the pub- 
lic, with a constantly increasing appreciation, is 
endeavoring to .second his efforts. In reviewing 
his history one is forcibly reminded of Ruskin's 
words: "The thoroughly great men are those who 
have done everything thoroughly, and who have 
never despised anything, however small, of God's 

Mr. Buchanan is a native of Illinois, and was 
born near Mt. Carmel, Wabash County, Febru- 
ary 14, 1859. He is the son of Hiram Buchanan, 
who was born in Lawrence County, that state, 
and who was in turn the son of Walter Buchanan, 
also a native of Lawrence County. The grand- 
father engaged in agricultural pursuits, and also 
did surveying. He was wholly uneducated, but 
was a natural mathematician, having a state rep- 
utation for ability along this line. He was 
County Surveyor for thirty years, and made the 
drawings for the first map of Lawrence County, 

the original survey of which still exists. He was 
a Presbyterian in religious belief and a faithful 
member of that denomination. A Republican in 
politics, he was very active in the ranks of that 
party and was a popular and public-spirited man. 
His death occurred in 1880, at the age of .seventy 

The great-grandfather of our subject, who was 
numbered among the early settlers of Illinois, 
came from eastern Pennsylvania. He was of 
Scotch-Irish descent, and served as a soldier in 
the War of the Revolution. Hiram Buchanan, 
our .subject's father, was interested in farming in 
W^abash County, remaining there until his death. 
He was quite prominent in that section of the 
country, and helped to establish the Chicago 
branch of the Illinois Central Railroad. An act- 
ive member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
he was much beloved, and many sincere friends 
deplored his early demise, which occurred at the 
age of thirty-two years. 

Helen Blood was the maiden name of our sub- 
ject's mother, and her birth occurred near Mid- 
dlebury. Vt. Her father, Horace Blood, was one 
of the sturdy pioneer farmers of Wabash County, 
and died when about seventy years old. On ac- 
count of the early dea't;!! of her husband, Helen 
Buchanan had the entire responsibility of the 
rearing of her family, and bravely did she strive 
to train them for positions of usefulness. She now 
makes her home in Carbondale, surrounded by 
man}' comforts, and is spending her declining da3's 
in the enjoyment of a well earned rest. She is a 
consistent member of the Methodist Episcopal 

In the parental family were five children, of 
whom we make the following mention. Walter is 
a farmer of Wabash County, 111.; Addie, now 
Mrs. Wilson, resides in Bennington, Kan.; G. V. 
is the subject of this sketch: Clara, Mrs. Merry- 
man, lives in Carbondale: and Mary, who resides 
with our subject, is advertising manager for the 
Central School Joiu-nal, published at Sedalia. 

Reared to manhood on a farm in Wabash 
County, Mr. Buchanan attended the district 
schools, his first experience being in the old log 
schoolhouse, with its primitive furnishings. At 


the age of seventeen, however, he left home and 
went to Ohle3^ 111., where he worked for his 
board and tuition, and also attended the high 
school, graduating from that institution in 1879. 
While a high-school student he taught two terms 
of school in Wabash Count}^ and in 1880 gradu- 
ated in the teacher's course at Central Normal 
College at Danville, Ind. The following winter 
he was engaged as Principal of the Mt. Carmel 
High School, and in the fall of the next year, 
with his mother and two sisters, he removed to 
Carbondale. He then entered the Southern Illi- . 
nois Normal University, taking the classical 
course, while his two sisters pursued the English 
course. During his summers he read law with 
Judge Andrew D. Duff. In 1884 the brother 
and sisters graduated, and Mr. Buchanan was 
chosen Superintendent of the Salem (111.) public 
schools, continuing there two j-ears. 

In 1886 Mr. Buchanan was called to fill the 
chair of mathematics in his Alma Mater, and re- 
mained in that connection seven years. In the 
autumn of 1893 he became Superintendent of the 
Sedalia public schools, in which capacity he is 
giving the greatest satisfaction. The high school 
has been brought up to a high standard since his 
connection with it, and graduates are thoroughly 
prepared to enter the freshman classes of our best 
colleges, the course calling for four years of Eatin. 
He gives instruction in only one study, that of 
pedagogy, but finds his time quite taken up with 
the various duties of his position. The school 
system of Sedalia includes ten schools (graded), 
besides the high school. The latter is located in 
an elegant new stone building, modern in every 
particular. Nine rooms have been added since 
our subject came here, and in all seventy- one 
teachers are employed. In 1894 McKendree Col- 
lege bestowed on Mr. Buchanan the degree of 
A. M., an honor well deserved. 

In 1886 Mr. Buchanan chose a wife in the per- 
son of Miss Hattie Starr, the ceremony being per- 
formed in Kankakee, the home of the bride. She 
is a daughter of Judge C. R. Starr, who is a na- 
tive of Nova Scotia, and received his education in 
New England. He was a prominent attorney of 
Kankakee, and is now Judge of the circuit. Mrs. 

Buchanan was educated at Kankakee, graduat- 
ing from the high school of that city and later 
attending the St. Eouis Art School. She is the 
mother of the following children: Helen, Agnes, 
Rachael and Richard Bell. 

In religious affairs our subject is connected 
with the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which 
he is serving as Steward. Politically he is a Re- 
publican. Socially he is a Master Mason, and is 
also identified with the Royal Tribe of Joseph, 
Lodge No. I, of which he is a charter member. 
He is very prominent in literary circles, being 
connected with almost every organization which 
tends toward the advancement of educational in- 
terests, and is a member of the State Chautauqua, 
being Vice-President of its executive board. He 
is also Vice-President of the Sedalia Public Li- 
brary Association, being one of its organizers. 
The Board of Managers of the Young Men's 
Christian Association claims him as a member, 
and he is an active member of the State Teachers' 
Association. Besides being a regular participant 
in the deliberations of the National Educational 
Association and the National Superintendents' 
Association, he is an active member of three of 
the six distinct teachers' associations of Missouri. 
He also contributes to many of the educational 
papers, having written articles for the following 
publications: Central School Journal, Southern 
Illinois Teacher, Kindergarten Magazine, and the 
Ne7v England Journal of Education. 


HENRY CHAPEL, one of the Missouri Pa- 
cific's most popular engineers, and a well 
known citizen of Sedalia, was born in Great 
Barrington, Mass., October 28, 1839. He belongs 
to a family that originated in England, and has 
been represented in America since Colonial days. 
His paternal grandfather, a native of Rhode 
Island, removed thence to Massachusetts, where 
his remaining years were spent. During the 
Revolutionary War he enlisted in the Colonia^ 



army, and served faithfully, enduring all the vi- 
cissitudes of the patriots and sharing their hard- 

The father of our subject, Stephen H. Chapel, 
was born in Rhode Island, but grew to man- 
hood in Massachusetts, where he learned the 
trade of a pattern-maker, and engaged in the 
manufacture of gauges. Later in life he came to 
Missouri and settled in Dresden Township, Pettis 
County, where he lived in retirement until his 
death, at the age of seventy-six. He was a man 
of the strictest sense of honor and most correct 
principles of life, and his upright spirit won for 
him the regard of his associates. While he was 
unable to give his children many advantages, he 
trained them, both by example and precept, for 
positions of usefulness and honor in the business 
and social world. 

Through his maternal ancestors our subject 
traces his lineage to Scotland. His grandfather, 
Capt. Thomas Baker, spent his entire life in New 
England, and his occupation was that of a whaler. 
While serving as Captain of a ship, he was lost 
at sea, the vessel being wrecked in a storm. His 
daughter, Alice, our subject's mother, was born 
in Nantucket, Mass. , and died in Pettis County, 
Mo., in 1890, aged eighty -eight. She was a wo- 
man of great piet}^ and was a devoted member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

The family of Stephen H. and Alice Chapel 
consisted of thirteen children, all but one of 
whom attained years of maturity, but onlj' five 
are now living. One of the sons, Charles F., 
was a midshipman in the navy during the Civil 
War, and died on board a flag- ship. Another son, 
Thomas A., who is now a resident of Sedalia, 
ser\'ed as a Lieutenant in a Missouri regiment 
during the Civil War. Our subject was reared 
in Massachusetts, and after completing the stud- 
ies of the common schools he entered the acade- 
my at South Adams, where he remained until 
nineteen years of age. He was then apprenticed 
to the machinist's trade, in the Troy & Boston 
Railroad shops, where he remained for three 
years, and afterward secured a position as fire- 
man on the same road. Later, until 1865, he 
was employed on the Hoosac Tunnel Railroad, 

and then went to New York City, where he was 
Master Mechanic on the Brooklyn & . Coney 
Island Road. 

It was in 1867 that Mr. Chapel came to Mis- 
souri and settled in Sedalia, where he has since 
made his home. He was one of the first engi- 
neers on the Missouri, Kansas c& Texas Railroad, 
and for a number of years ran Engine No. 34, 
continuing with the company until February', 
1876, when he entered the emploj^ of the Mis- 
souri Pacific. He is now engineer on the through 
passenger train running between Sedalia and 
Kansas City, a distance of ninety-five miles. By 
his superior officials he is considered one of the 
most reliable and trustworthy engineers on the 
road, and he occupies a high place in their esti- 

The residence owned and occupied by Mr. 
Chapel is situated at No. 714 East Broadway. 
It is presided over by his wife, whom he married 
at Brainard's Bridge, N. Y., July 6, 1864. She 
bore the maiden name of Mary E. Atwater, and 
was born in Nassau, N. Y. , being the eldest of 
five children, all of whom are still living. Her 
paternal grandparents, Tuttle and Catherine 
(Ferry) Atwater, were residents of New York 
State, the former being a marine engineer bj^ oc- 
cupation. Her parents, Daniel A. and Emeline 
(Vickery) Atwater, were natives, respectivel}^ of 
Brooklyn atid Nassau, N. Y., the latter being a 
daughter of Caleb Vickery, who was born in 
York State. For some years Mr. Atwater en- 
gaged in farming in Rensselaer County, but later 
embarked in the hardware business in Garfield, 
N. Y., carrying on a large trade for a time. Now, 
seventy -seven 5'ears of age, he is living in retire- 
ment from life's active cares. During the Civil 
War he enlisted in the defense of the Union, and 
served as a private in a New York regiment. His 
wife died in the Empire State at the age of fort}-- 
four years. 

Five children comprise the family of Mr. and 
Mrs. Chapel, namely: William H., who is fire- 
man on the West Division of the Missouri Pa- 
cific Railroad; Charles A., who is employed as 
brakeman on the Missouri, Kansas & Texas; 
Lillie M., Floyd J. and Maude A., who are with 



their parents. Socially Mr. Chapel is identified 
with Granite Lodge No. 272, A. F. & A. M.; 
the Order of Chosen Friends, in which he has 
been Vice- Councilor for two terms; and the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, being an 
officer in Sedalia Division No. 178. His political 
belief brings him into active co-operation with 
the Republican party, the principles of which he 
invariably supports. His wife is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and is an active 
worker in the Woman's Relief Corps. The fam- 
ily is one of prominence in social circles, and is 
recognized as among the best people of Sedalia. 

pGJiLLIAM F. DENNEY. Few citizens of 
\ A / Jolinson County are more deserving of spe- 
Y Y cial mention, or of a more prominent place 
in the history of the honored and representative 
old settlers within her boundaries, than the gen- 
tleman whose name heads this biography. He 
wa=; born in North Carolina, April i, 1828, and 
there passed his boyhood and youth. After com- 
ing to this county he became the owner of a tract 
of land, which he has developed interne of the 
finest estates in township 46, range 28. The 
place comprises sixty-five acres, is in a desirable 
neighborhood, with attractive surroundings, and 
is one of the hospitable abodes of the township. 

Our subject, who is well known throughout 
this section, is the son of Jurdon Denney, whose 
birth also occurred in North Carolina. In 1850 
he decided to locate in the West, and gathering 
together his household goods, loaded them onto 
a wagon and started overland to Missouri. Al- 
though possessing but little education, he was a 
good financier, and accumulated quite a snug lit- 
tle fortune through his efforts in this state. 

The mother of our subject, prior to her mar- 
riage known as Miss Martha Burcham, was also 
born in North Carolina, and at the time of her 
demise, which occurred in her native place, was 

the mother of six children, of whom the original 
of this sketch was the youngest, and the only one 
now living. The others were Candis, Carrie, 
Harvey, Rachel and John. 

Jurdon Denney chose for his second companion 
Polly Gibson, a sister of the present Probate Judge 
of Johnson County, and they were married in 
North Carolina in 183 1. To them was also born 
a family of six children, but all are now deceased. 

William F. , of this sketch, had not much oppor- 
tunity for gaining an education in his native state, 
as he was put to work when quite young and 
made to earn his own living. A year after at- 
taining his majority, in 1850, he left his home in 
North Carolina, which was in sight of old Pilot 
Mountain, and came to Johnson County, this 
state. Here he found no difficulty in making a 
selection of a farm, as the country round about 
was not very thickly settled, and most of the land 
was in its primitive state. This has been his 
home ever since, with the exception of three 
years which he spent in Nebraska, near Aspin- 
wall, where he was engaged in farming. 

Prior to leaving his native state our subject 
was married, in 1848, to Miss Millie Bolejack, 
and to them were born twelve children. Of this 
large family we make the following mention: 
Zenith married John Burris, and with her three 
children, Otis, Elmer and Dollie, lives in this 
county. Mary and Victoria are deceased. Rossie, 
now the wife of Jacob Burris, lives one-fourth of 
a mile from her father's home; her family com- 
prised nine children, of whom those living are 
Henry, Arthur, Harry, Emmett, Gertie and Andy. 
Charlie, Annie (the twin of Andy), and an infant 
are deceased. Ellen, the fifth child of our sub- 
ject, is deceased. Oliver married Flora Caldwell 
and has three children, Katie, Burt and Dazie. 
John married Mrs. Martha Long, the widow of 
Thomas Long, and their one child, French, is 
deceased. Frances married Goodly Paul, and 
has four children, namely: Parrie Irvin, Lee, Iva 
and Cleveland. Harvey married Mattie White, 
and has a son, Everett. As the records show, 
our subject is grandfather to seventeen children. 

Up to a few years ago Mr. Denney voted the 
Democratic ticket; now, however, he casts his 



vote and influence with the Populist party. Re- 
ligiously he is a member of the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church, with which denomination his 
good wife is also connected. 


IILLIAM W. SIMS, who since 1870 has 
been a resident of a splendid estate on sec- 
tion 19, township 46, range 28, is one of 
the influential residents of this section. He is 
engaged in general farming and stock-raising on 
one hundred and twenty acres, which property 
he has made one of the most desirable and beau- 
tiful tracts in the county. 

Our subject is the son of Richard Sims, a Ken- 
tuckian by birth, from which state he started for 
Missouri. He died from cholera, while en route, 
and was taken from the boat and buried at Boon- 
ville. Our subject being the eldest son of the 
family, the responsibility of their support fell up- 
on him. They continued their way to this state, 
and, locating in Cooper County, rented a farm, 
securing from its products a good income for his 
mother, brother and sisters. The mother, who 
was in her maidenhood Priscilla Bishop, was born 
in Virginia and died in Johnson County in 1868. 
The ten children of whom she was the mother 
were Mary Elizabeth, deceased; William Wesley, 
of this sketch; Martha, unmarried, and living in 
Kentucky' ; Arminda, a resident of the Cherokee 
Nation; Sarah, Benjamin Franklin and Lucinda, 
deceased; Nancy, a resident of Anderson Coun- 
ty, Kan.; John B. engaged in business in Joplin, 
Mo.; and Rhoda W., who makes her home in 
Cass County, this state. 

The subject of this sketch was born April 22, 
1833, near Pruitt's Knob, Ky., which is located 
in the vicinity of Mammoth Cave. As his father 
lived on a farm, he was trained to a full knowl- 
edge of agriculture, and when left with the care 
of the family was fully able to assume the man- 
agement of an estate. He was permitted to at- 
tend school only a few months in each year, but 

as he made the best of his limited opportunities, 
gained a fair knowledge of the common branches 

As before stated, on first coming to Missouri, 
Mr. Sims settled in Cooper County, near Pisgah. 
He farmed this rented tract from 1850 to 1863, 
when he removed to Iowa, and spent the follow- 
ing three years in agricultural pursuits in Taylor 
County. At the end of that time we find him 
again living in Cooper County, whence he came 
soon after to Johnson County. This was in 1867, 
and his first location was on property three miles 
from his present place of residence. The latter 
he bought in company with his brother, and at 
that time it comprised only forty acres. As the 
years passed by and he became more prosperous in 
his ventures, he bought the interest of his brother 
in the estate and has made it his home ever since. 
It now includes one hundred and twenty acres, 
well improved and comparing favorably with the 
best in the township. This state of affairs has 
been brought about by his indefatigable industry 
and good management, as when it came into his 
possession it bore no improvements whatever. 

The marriage of our subject, which occurred 
in 1857, united him with Sallie Ann Longley, 
who was born in Cooper County, in 1837. Her 
parents, Leonard and Tabitha Longley, who were 
natives of Tennessee, are both dead. They 
moved to Iowa during the Civil War, but on their 
return to Missouri spent their last days in Miller. 
Mrs. Sims died about seven years ago, leaving a 
daughter, Nancy M., who is her father's house- 
keeper. Our subject has an adopted son, Will- 
iam E. Banes, whom he took to his home when 
a boy. 

At the time of his marriage our subject had but 
$5 in money, and one-half of this was required to 
pay the preacher for performing the wedding cer- 
emony. He was not afraid of work, however, 
and with the assistance rendered by his good wife 
soon bought land and from its cultivation was en- 
abled to lay by each year a sum of money which 
will maintain him comfortably in his declining 

In 1859 Mr. Sims went to Denver, Colo., with 
the expectation of returning home wealthy as the 



result of working in the gold mines. Like many 
others at that time, he was disappointed in this, 
but at the same time made the trip pay, as he 
took with him two teams loaded with supplies, 
which he disposed of at an immense profit. How- 
ever, he has since been satisfied to follow farming 
in Missouri. Mr. Sims has led a very active and 
temperate life, enjoys good health, and promises 
to live to a good old age. He has never aspired 
to office-holding, but is a man of public spirit, in- 
terested in local affairs and the improvement of 
his community. 

^EORGE W. BURR, a contractor and builder 
|_ of Sedalia, is one of the wide-awake and 
\^ progressive business men of the city. He is 
now serving as Justice of the Peace, having been 
elected to that office in the fall of 1894. He was 
born in Coles County, 111., and is a son of Sam- 
uel P. and Margaret (Moddrell) Burr, the former 
a native of New Hampshire, and the latter of 
Kentucky. The paternal grandfather, Laban 
Burr, who was born in the Granite State, re- 
moved to Edgar County, 111., where he engaged 
in farming in North Arm Township, and there 
his death occurred. The father of our subject 
was educated in his native state, and became a 
minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. For 
thirty years he preached in different parts of 
Illinois, during which time for one term he served 
as Presiding Elder. He then removed to Ne- 
braska, where for five years he engaged in the 
work of the ministry. He died near Elkhorn, 
that state, at the age of seventy-two. The 
mother of our subject had died many years pre- 
vious, in Coles County, 111., at the early age of 
twenty-two years. She left two children, twins, 
the brother of George being Laban, a resident 
of Tolono, 111., where he is engaged in the furni- 
ture and undertaking business, and is serving as 
Chairman of the Board of Supervisors of Cham- 
paign County. 

The boyhood and youth of our subject were 
passed in many places in Illinois. He attended 
school in Paris, that state, being under the direc- 
tion of Prof. J. H. Moore, after which he learned 
the carpenter's trade. Later he again entered 
school, paying his own tuition, and then taught 
for three terms in Will and Champaign Counties, 
111. He then located in Kankakee, that state, 
where for a time he engaged in the furniture 
business, and later was similarly employed in To- 
lono. While a resident of the latter city he 
served as Collector of his township two terms, was 
also Justice of the Peace, for six years was Dep- 
uty Sherifi", and for two terms held the office of 
Coroner of the county. He was with the Union 
army in Missouri during 1862 and 1863, serving 
as a sutler. He then returned home, where he 
succeeded in raising a company, but, becoming 
ill, was unable to enlist with it. 

In Kankakee County, 111., in 1852, Mr. Burr 
wedded Miss Nancy P. Scott, a native of Craw- 
fordville, Ind. They became the parents of seven 
children, four of whom are still living. Abraham 
Lincoln, a bookkeeper, now resides in Georgia; 
Daniel G. is a carpenter by trade; George W., a 
Lieutenant of the United States army in the 
Ordnance Department at West Troy, N. Y., was 
graduated from West Point in the Class of '88, 
in which he ranked fourth; and Ida M. is the 
wife of Lieut. John H. Parker, who is stationed 
at Ft. Niagara, Buffalo, N. Y. 

Mr. Burr removed to Sedalia in 1882, and be- 
gan contracting and building, which he has since 
continued, meeting with a well deserved success. 
Since his arrival he has built many residences and 
business blocks, and often has in his employ as 
many as twenty men. His workmanship is of a 
high order, and he always faithfully carries out 
his part of a contract. In the fall of 1894 he was 
elected Justice of the Peace on the Republican 
ticket, and took possession in November of the 
same year. His term of office will not expire 
until January, 1899. His office is now located at 
No. 210 Ohio Street. He takes an active part in 
politics, and has served as a delegate to many of 
the Republican County conventions. Religiously 
he is a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 



in the work of which he takes an active part, 
having served both as Steward and Class-Leader, 
and while in Illinois was Superintendent of the 

OC »»'M'»»»4»»»'i--i- ^ -{-^'-i-^^4"^»-»-»'H' y> 

NGN. WILLIAM P. HUNT, of Warrens- 
burg, was for four >-ears Presiding Judge of 
the Johnson County Court, in which responsi- 
ble position he made a good record, both for him- 
self and his constituents. In Jul}-, 1894, he was 
elected President of the Bank of Warrensburg, 
with which he had been connected as Cashier for 
the previous thirteen years. In 1877 he was ap- 
pointed by the County Court to fill a vacancy in 
the office of County Collector, and at the expira- 
tion of the term, about two years later, he was 
regularly elected on the Democratic ticket to fill 
the place, in which he continued two years long- 
er. At all times he kept the interests of his con- 
stituents near at heart, and to the best of his 
ability discharged the duties that devolved upon 

The following facts are noted concerning the 
ancestr>^ of Judge Hunt. His great-grandfather 
Jonathan Hunt, was a resident of Buncombe 
County, N. C, and by his marriage with Ailsey 
Berry there were born nine children. The sec- 
ond of these, William, our subject's grandfather 
was born March 8, 17S9, and died May 14, 1867 
He settled in Barron County, Ky., September 12 
181 1, and there married Nancy Jones, who was 
born June 21, 1795, and whose death occurred 
August 20, 1876. The couple moved to Howard 
County, Mo., in 1816, settling on Salt Creek, but 
in 1825 they went to Cooper County, and took 
up their residence on a farm near Pisgah. They 
lived to see ten of their twelve children attain 
mature years and unite with the church, nine of 
them becoming Baptists, and the other a Presby- 
terian. When the aged couple were called to 
their final rest, they were buried in the Apper- 
son Cemetery, a mile east of Pisgah. William 

Hunt was a successful farmer, and was a very 
prominent man in the Baptist Church, serving 
as a Deacon tor a number of years. Politically a 
Whig, his sympathies were with the Union dur- 
ing the war. 

The parents of the Judge were Jonathan and 
Martha ( Lee ) Hunt. The former was born Janu- 
ary 12, 1824, and was married December 12, 
1844. William P. is the second of eight chil- 
dren by his father's first marriage. After the 
death of his mother, in 1862, his father again 
married, having one child by his second union. 
The only surviving daughter by the first union 
is Mrs. Nanny Jones, of Bonham, Tex. , who has a 
family of three sons. About 1857 Jonathan Hunt 
left his native place, Cooper County, and bought 
a tract of Government land in Johnson County, 
Mo. In addition to cultivating this farm, he en- 
gaged in merchandising and was fairly successful 
until the outbreak of the war. At that time he 
enUsted in the Confederate army and was wound- 
ed at the battle of Independence, Mo., being shot 
in the thigh and shoulder. In time he recovered 
a fair degree of health. His death occurred Jan- 
uary- 18, 1881. 

The birth of Judge Hunt occurred in Cooper 
County, Mo., January 8, 1847. He was the eld- 
est surviving child when death deprived him of a 
mother's care, and as his father was absent in the 
army, the responsibility of caring for his young- 
er brothers and sisters fell upon him. He there- 
fore received but limited educational advantages, 
attending the conniion schools and later Prairie 
Home Institute for about a year. Upon starting 
out for himself, he settled in Kingsville, where he 
was succesfully engaged in business for a number 
of years. For a time he taught school in the 
country. He then had charge of the graded 
schools of Kingsville for a year. Afterward he 
was successfully engaged in the mercantile busi- 
ness at this place. 

Coming to Warrensburg in 1872, Judge Hunt 
has since been closely identified with the growth 
and advancement of this city, being numbered 
among its leading citizens. It may with truth be 
said of him that no measure having for its ob- 
ject the promotion of the welfare of the people 



fails to receive his sympath}' and support. A 
zealous Mason, he has filled all the chairs in the 
blue lodge of the Masonic order, and is a mem- 
ber of the Warrensburg Commandery. Active 
in educational affairs, he was for many years a 
Director of the city schools. At all times he has 
been a faithful worker in behalf of .state recogni- 
tion and aid to the Normal School of the Second 
District, located at Warrensburg. He is now 
Treasurer of its Board of Regents. . 

September 23, 1868, Judge Hunt married Miss 
Medora McFarland, of Pleasant Hill, Mo. She 
was torn in Cooper County, in 1847, and was a 
schoolmate of the Judge in childhood. They 
are the parents of five children, two of whom 
Annie and Louise, died in early childhood; Au 
gusta, who was born in Kingsville, is a graduate 
of the Warrensburg State Normal. Albert Per 
ry is pursuing his studies in that institution, hav- 
ing finished the preparatory course in 1893; Her 
bert is now in the preparatory department of the 

Noted for his enterprising public spirit, his 
sterling integrity and conservative business meth- 
ods. Judge Hunt enjoys the respect and good 
will of the entire community. Always ready to 
help a friend, he has been especially earnest in 
his efforts for the advancement of young men. 
His life has been full of hard work, and as the 
results of his labors and the prosperity he has 
gained are due entirely to his unaided exertions, 
he is justly entitled to be termed self-made. 
Though amply successful in business, his best re- 
ward is in the kindly esteem in which he is uni- 
versally held. 


(John shepherd, in the early part of 
I 1865 Mr. Shepherd came West from Virginia 
(2/ and with his family settled upon some land 
in township 46, range 24, where he has since re- 
.sided. He is the owner of one of the valuable 
and highly improved farms of Johnson County, 

and while, on account of his generous gifts to his 
children, his possessions are not as large as in 
former years, he still retains a sufficient property' 
to provide him with a good income, insuring his 
declining days against poverty or care. 

In that portion of the Old Dominion now in- 
cluded in West Virginia, the subject of this sketch 
was born August 8, 1814. He is the eldest child 
in the family of Nathaniel and Rebecca (Lewis) 
Shepherd, natives of Virginia, who spent their 
entire lives in that state, dying about 1864. The 
father, who was a farmer by occupation, was one 
of the leading men of his section, and by his up- 
right character and persevering industry won the 
regard of his associates. 

In Brooke County, where he was born, our 
subject passed the years of boyhood in an un- 
eventful manner. His advantages were inferior 
to those enjoyed by the youth of the present 
generation. His educational opportunities were 
exceedingly limited, consisting of a brief attend- 
ance at the neighboring subscription schools. 
Reared upon a farm, he was early trained in that 
calling, and when the time came for him to select 
a life occupation he chose that with which he was 
most familiar. He remained with his father, 
assisting him in the cultivation of the home place, 
until his marriage, at the age of twenty-five, after 
which he began life's pursuits for himself. For a 
number of years thereafter he cultivated a farm in 
Brooke County, meeting with fair success in his 

Resolving to seek a home in the West, at the 
close of the Civil War Mr. Shepherd brought his 
family to Missouri, and has since made his home 
in Johnson County. He has been a very indus- 
trious and energetic agriculturist, and by economy 
and frugality has accumulated a considerable 
amount of this world's goods. To his children he 
has deeded some of his property, retaining in his 
possession a tract of ninety acres. Owing to the 
infirmities attendant upon advancing years, he is 
unable to engage in active manual labor as in 
days past, but still gives his personal supervision 
to his place, which he keeps under excellent cul- 

The marriage of Mr. Shepherd in 1839 united 




him with Miss Amanda M., daughter of Henry 
and Rhoda Stockman, natives of Virginia. Mrs. 
Shepherd, who was born in Wheeling, W. Va., 
came to Missouri with her husband, to whom she 
was a devoted helpmate and counselor until her 
death, October 15, 1894, at the venerable age of 
eighty. Eight children were born to them, two 
of whom have closed their eyes in death. Those 
living are Nathaniel Bruce, Joseph Warren, John 
Wells, Milton Lee, Basil Eugene and Clarence 
Elmer, all residents of Johnson County except the 
last-named, who lives in West Virginia. 

In his religious views Mr. Shepherd holds 
membership in the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church. From youth he has supported the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party, and to these he is 
as true and loyal in his age as he was in boyhood. 
He keeps posted concerning the great questions 
of the present age, and in mental vigor is the 
equal of many men twenty years his junior. In 
the welfare of Johnson County and the progress 
of the people he has ever been warmly interested, 
and enterprises of a progressive nature find in him 
a stalwart friend. 





I well known as a lawyer and jurist in War- 
C2/ rensburg for nearly a quarter of a century, 
and few, if any, members of the Johnson County 
Bar stand higher in the esteem of all. In the 
spring of 1875 he was appointed by Governor 
Hardin, of Missouri, to fill an unexpired term as 
Public Administrator, and in the fall of the next 
year, without solicitation on his part, he was 
nominated by the Democratic party and was duly 
elected, holding the position for five years, after 
which he refused to serve longer. In 1882 he 
was elected Prosecuting Attorney, was re-elected 
two years later, and received the nomination in 
1886, but on account of the political upheaval 

was defeated by a few votes. In 1892 he was 
elected Judge of the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit, 
and is frequently called into adjoining circuits to 
hold court. During his administration of affairs 
but few of his rulings have been reversed. He 
has always been a stanch Democrat, and has often 
served as a delegate to- state and other conven- 

Judge Wood was born on a farm eight miles 
north of Warrensburg, May i, 1850, and is a son 
of James M. and Angeline (Thornton) Wood. 
The former, a native of Albemarle County, Va., 
born January 9, 1808, was of English ancestry. 
He grew to man's estate in the Old Dominion, 
and when about twenty-five years of age removed 
to Saline County, Mo. There he was married, 
March 4, 1834, and soon afterward moved to 
Johnson County. His wife was born in Orange 
County, Va., September 12, 18 17, and moved to 
Saline County with her parents in 1828. Mr. 
Thornton was an extensive slave-holder and land- 
owner, and was one of the second set of County 
Judges of Johnson County, having been elected 
on the Democratic ticket. James M. Wood was 
a Whig in political faith. His death occurred 
February 21, 1852, but his wife, a hale and 
hearty old lady, is still living, her home being in 
this city. 

The Judge was deprived of a father's love and 
protection when he was a little over a year and 
a-halfold, but his mother managed to keep the 
family together on the old farm. He' received a 
fair education in select schools, but his studies 
were interrupted by the outbreak of the war. 
Among his early recollections of school days was 
a school taught by a Presbyterian minister in an 
old negro cabin. At the age of nineteen years 
young Wood took up the study of law, and in 
1870 entered the University of Kentucky at Lex- 
ington, where he took the junior and senior 
courses in one year, graduating in 1871. Madi- 
son C. Johnson, one of the most eminent lawyers 
of Kentucky, was then at the head of the law de- 
partment of the university. Returning to Mis- 
souri, Mr. Wood opened an office for practice in 
Warrensburg, where he has since remained, with 
the exception of a short time in 1874, when he 



went to Sherman, Tex., but before long conclud- 
ed that there was no place better than Missouri. 

May 21, 1873, Judge Wood married Eulalia, 
daughter of Ivafa3'ette and Marj' (Cock) Cruce, 
of this place. Mrs. Wood was born in Henry 
Count}', Mo., January 19, 1855, and was a stu- 
dent in the normal school for some time. Her 
father was a native of Kentucky, and her mother 
of Virginia, and both came to this state with their 
parents when young. Three children have been 
born to the Judge and his wife: William A., De- 
cember 22, 1876; Ralph L., July ii, 1880; and 
Angeline T., April 24, 1884. The eldest son is 
now in the employ of the Lombard Investment 
Company of Kansas City. 

Judge Wood and his wife are both members of 
the Christian Church, the former having united 
with the same when he was sixteen years old, and 
the latter when she was fourteen years of age. 
They are both interested workers in the various 
departments of religious activity, and the Judge 
has been a Deacon and is now an Elder in the 
congregation. Since 1878 he has belonged to the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and has filled 
numerous chairs in the local lodge. A man who 
is courteous and affable to all, he wins hosts of 
friends, and, what is better, retains them. 

0EORGE W. HOUT. For the past quarter 
I— of a century this gentleman has been classed 
y^ among the enterprising and pushing busi- 
ness men of Warrensburg, and is one who has 
been greatly interested in its progress and up- 
building. He is now engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness, dealing in builders' materials, sash, blinds, 
etc., and specimens of his haiidiwork as a con- 
tracting carpenter are to be seen in all parts of 
the city and vicinity. To the latter line he gave 
his entire attention for a number of years after 
locating here, and it was not until 1880 that he 
opened the lumber-yard. He is a leading Demo- 
crat, and, though not desirous of holding official 

positions, has served to the satisfaction of his con- 
stituents as Alderman for some ten years. 

The birth of our subject occurred at Shepherds- 
town, Jefferson County, W. Va., August 7, 1844. 
His parents were David and Margaret A. (Miller) 
Hout, who were natives of Virginia, and both of 
whom are still living. The former was born in 
1821, and the latter in 1824. The Hout fam- 
ily was of German origin. The Millers are sup- 
posed to be of Irish descent, though the name 
points to a distant German ancestry. David Hout 
in his youth served an apprenticeship to the car- 
penter's trade with a man who was also his 
guardian. In his keeping had been left the pat- 
rimony of Grandfather Hout's estate, which 
should have been turned over to our subject's fa- 
ther when he arrived at age, but the guardian 
proved false to his trust and no money was forth- 
coming. David Hout was first a Whig, and later 
affiliated with the Democracy. 

The boyhood days of G. W. Hout were passed 
in the town of his birth, and, though his educa- 
tional privileges were not of the best, he man- 
aged to pick up a fair knowledge of the element- 
ary branches, and with this as a foundation after- 
ward became well informed on practical topics by 
reading and observation. At the age of eight- 
een years, in 1862, he enlisted in Company B, 
Second Virginia Infantry. He was in Stonewall 
Jackson's brigade, and with him took part in 
many important engagements. For some time 
he was a member of the band, and remained with 
the army until the surrender at Appomattox 
Court House, at which time he happened to be in 
that locality. In 1867 Mr. Hout decided to come 
West, having lived in the mean time at his old 
home. Proceeding direct to Warrensburg, he at 
once began working at his trade, which he had 
learned of his father. He has been quite suc- 
cessful in his various undertakings and possesses 
a secure income. 

December 28, 1868, Mr. Hout and Miss Eliza 
G. James, of this city, were married. The lady 
was born in 1847, i" Alabama, and grew to 
womanhood in Mississippi, but at the time of her 
marriage was residing with a brother in War- 
rensburg. Of the six children who came to bless 



the union of this worthy couple, but three are 
now living, namely: Walter, Leslie and Earl. 
Those deceased were Burton Lockwood, Daniel 
Miller and India Lenore. Those living have all 
had good public-school advantages in this city, 
and are bright and intelligent young men. The 
family have a pleasant home, and often throw 
open its hospitable doors for the entertainment of 
their manv friends. 

Q D. DONNOHUE, who is numbered among 
I the wide-awake and pushing 50ung business 
C2/ rnen of Sedalia, is engaged in real-estate 
and loan transactions, and is Secretary' of the 
Sedalia Loan and Security Company. Fortun- 
ately possessed of just those persevering and ener- 
getic qualities which bring sure success, he has 
a bright and promising future before him in the 
world of finance. 

Capt. J. C. Donnohue, our subject's grandfa- 
ther, was in the Union army during the late war, 
and there won his title. He was born in Ken- 
tucky, near Mt. Sterling, and came to this county 
about 1835, locating in the southern part of 
Dresden Township. There he engaged in farm- 
ing until his death, which occurred in 1880, at 
the age of seventy years. He was a faithful mem- 
ber of the Christian Church. Daniel Donnohue, 
father of J. D.. is a native of Pettis County, and 
at one time owned a valuable farm in Dresden 
Township, but now lives on the home farm in 
Bates County. He was also a soldier in the Union 
army, and fought gallantly in defense of the Old 
Flag. The good wife and mother, Olivia Kidd, 
was born in this county, being a daughter of Os- 
wald Kidd, who was humorously called "Captain 
Kidd. ' ' The latter was an early settler of George- 
town, and kept a hotel there for many years. 
Mrs. Donnohue departed this life in 1876, when 
our subject was but ten years of age. The other 
child, Marian, resides with her father. 

The birth of the gentleman whose name heads 
this article occurred near Sedalia, December 23, 
1866, where his boyhood was passed, and later 
he went to Bates County. After leaving the pub- 
lic schools he entered the Butler Academy, from 
which he was finally graduated. In 1887 he ob- 
tained a position as clerk in the freight office of 
the Missouri Pacific Railroad at Kansas City, and 
there he remained two years. In 1890 he came 
to this city, and, entering the firm of Porter & 
Van Riper, devoted his attention to the real-es- 
tate business for one year. In the spring of 189 1 
he embarked in trade on his own account and 
opened his present general real-estate and loan of- 
fice. He laid out the Donnohue & Hughes Ad- 
dition, comprising eighteen lots in the eastern 
part of the city, and twelve acres known as the 
Donnohue & Ramsey Addition, in the northern 
part of Sedalia. To the south of the city lies the 
Donnohue & Hoffman Addition, a tract of five 
acres, and in this also Mr. Donnohue is interest- 
ed. Besides his real estate he conducts a gen- 
eral loan, brokerage and financial business. In 
1 89 1 he organized the Sedalia Loan and Security 
Company, with a capital stock of $10,000. From 
the beginning he was the Secretary, and the for- 
mer President, P. G. Stafford, has been succeed- 
ed by B. F. Hughes. 

Socially Mr. Donnohue is identified with the 
Royal Tribe of Joseph, being a charter member 
of the lodge, and is a Knight of Pythias. His 
right of franchise he exercises in favor of the Re- 
publican party. 



pCJiLLIAM H. NOFTSKER, who is one of 
\ A / the prominent business men of Sedalia, is 
Y Y the largest contractor in plastering in the 
city, and makes a specialty of laying cement 
sidewalks. He is a native of Pennsylvania, and 
was born in Shippensburg in 1855. 

Henry Noftsker, the father of our subject, was 



also born in the last-mentioned town, and for 
many >ears was a plasterer. His parents were 
farmers by occupation, and the grandfather was 
also employed for some time in teaming between 
Baltimore and Pittsburg. Henry Noftsker died 
March 29, 1895, after having accumulated a 
goodly amount of this world's goods. He was a 
Democrat in politics, and a devoted member of 
the Evangelical Lutheran Church. 

The maiden name of our subject's mother was 
Ann Barbara Tritt. She was born in Franklin 
County, Pa., and was the daughter of John 
Tritt, a farmer in that state. She celebrated her 
golden wedding in the fall of 1894, being at that 
time seventy -two j-ears of age, while her husband 
was four years her senior. They became the 
parents often children, of whom eight are living. 
John T., the eldest, is engaged in business in 
Rock Island, 111.; WiUiam H., of this sketch, 
was the next-born; David E. deals in cornices in 
Rock Island; George W. is a carriage manufact- 
urer of Shippensburg, Pa. ; Luther G. is a plas- 
terer of that city; Sadie C, Emma J. and Ella 
all reside in Shippensburg. 

The subject of this sketch was educated in the 
public schools, and when quite young was ap- 
prenticed to learn the plasterer's trade. He re- 
mained at home until one year after reaching his 
majority, and in 1877 came West, locating in Se- 
dalia, Mo. He joined his uncle, William H. 
Tritt, who was living here at that time, and with 
him was engaged in business for .some time. He 
has been given the contract for the plaster work 
in man}- of the public buildings and residences of 
the city, among them being the Prospect, Sum- 
mit North and Southeast Sedalia Schoolhouses, 
the Methodist Church, the Broadway Presby- 
terian Church, Hoffman Building, Knights of 
Pythias Building and the court house. He now 
makes a specialty of constructing cement side- 
walks, and his workmanship in this line gives 
perfect satisfaction. In the busy season he em- 
ploys about twenty men, and is regarded as the 
best man in his particular line of work in the city. 

Mr. Noftsker owns considerable property in Se- 
dalia, and during his long residence here has 
maintained an unblemished reputation as a man 

of integrity and honor. He was married in this 
city, in 1881, to Miss Florence Wright, who was 
born in Pettis County, and who is the only 
daughter of Felix Wright, a farmer of Washing- 
ton Township, who located here on his removal 
from Kentucky, his native state. His wife, for- 
merly Elizabeth M. Mather, is a native of Hamil- 
ton County, Ohio, and now makes her home with 
her daughter, Mrs. Noftsker. Mr. Wright died 
many years ago. Mrs. Noftsker' s maternal grand- 
father, B. T. Mather, was born in Philadelphia, 
Pa., where he was a hatter and furrier. He 
later removed to Ohio, and about 1857 came 
to Missouri, settling in Washington Township, 
where his daughter was married. She is therefore 
one of the oldest residents of that section. 

The two children born to our subject and his 
wife are Harry and Anna. Mr. Noftsker is a 
Knight of Pythias, in which order he is a past 
officer, and is Treasurer of the Royal Tribe of 
Joseph. He has served as a member of the City 
Council, and takes a prominent part in local af- 
fairs, actively supporting Democratic principles. 
In religious matters he is identified with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 


(Stephen T. LUPE is proprietor of the 
?\ Sedalia Elevator, which was erected in June, 
Vi/ 1S92, and which has a capacity of fifty thou- 
sand bushels. He is also extensively engaged 
in buying and selling grain and providing stor- 
age for the same. Several of the leading fraterni- 
ties here claim him as one of their members, he 
being Past Grand of Neapolis Lodge No. 153, 
I. O. O. F., Captain and Aid-de-Camp on Gen- 
eral Cadie's staff, and Patriarch Militant in the 
Odd Fellows' society. He also belongs to the 
Benevolent Order of Elks, and is a past officer in 
Sedalia Encampment No. 53. 

Mr. Lupe was born in Louisville, Ky., April 
23, 1848. His grandfather, Jacob Lupe, who 
was of German descent, was a farmer in West 



Virginia, and later in Roanoke, Ind., where his 
death occurred. Our subject's father, James, 
was a native of Wheeling, W. Va., and was 
captain and part owner of a steamboat which 
ran between L,ouisville and New Orleans, and 
during the winters ran up the Red River. Dur- 
ing the twenty-five years of his life on the river 
he never had an accident, and was one of the 
best known and most respected captains in the 
service. In 1848 he settled near St. Louis, and 
engaged in farming until i860, when he entered 
the wholesale and retail liquor business in that 
city. In 1889 he moved to New Smyrna, Fla., 
where he owns an orange grove. He is now in 
his seventy-fourth year, and is a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. His wife, Anna E., a na- 
tive of Louisville, was the daughter of Henry H. 
Porter, who was of German and French extrac- 
tion, and operated a tannery at Louisville, where 
his death occurred. Mrs. Lupe died in Memphis 
in 1869, while on her way to New Orleans, where 
she hoped to regain her health. Her eldest son, 
James H., Jr., died in childhood. 

Stephen T. Lupe was reared in St. Louis 
County, Mo., and obtained a good education. 
In 1869 he located on a farm in Dresden Town- 
ship, Pettis County, where he ultimately owned 
.seven hundred and fifty acres. This property he 
improved and operated until 1885, when he moved 
to Sedalia. Entering the employ of Gaylord 
Leavenworth, a banker of St. Louis, in 1886, he 
remained there as Currency Teller for a year and 
a-half, after which he kept books for his father 
for nine months. He was next engaged in the 
real-estate and loan business, as a member of the 
firm of Reece, Lupe & Hansberger, of Sedalia, 
and later began contracting for mail routes, 
sometimes having as many as five hundred routes 
in the district, which was bounded by Arkansas, 
Nebraska and Indiana. Later the firm became 
Lupe & Evans, and as such continued in business 
for four years. 

In St. Louis, October 13, 1869, Miss Mary 
Hood, a native of Edinburg, became the wife of 
Mr. Lupe. Their marriage has been blessed 
with seven children, viz.: Anna E., Mrs. Ed 
Evans, of Sedalia; James H., an electrical engi- 

neer of San Diego, Cal. ; and L. Loranie, Maude, 
Maggie, Minnie and Libbie. The parents are 
members of the Presbyterian Church, and enjoy 
the friendship of all who know them. In politics 
Mr. Lupe is identified with the Democratic party, 
but is not radical in his belief. 

QOHN A. WILLHITE. Having been in the 
I railroad business — mainly in the employ of 
Q) the Missouri Pacific — for the past quarter of 
a century, Mr. Willhite has gained a thorough 
knowledge of his chosen occupation, and has also 
become well and favorabl}- known among the 
officials of the road. He is now engineer for the 
Missouri Pacific, and runs Engine No. 865, a big 
"Mogul," between Sedalia and Chamois, a dis- 
tance of eighty-eight miles. 

The Willhite family was for several generations 
identified with the history of Kentucky, and our 
subject's grandfather, James, was a distiller in 
that state. After removing to Missouri he was 
similarly engaged in Cole County, where he 
also conducted agricultural pursuits. Jesse Will- 
hite, father of our subject, was born in Kentucky, 
but removed thence to Missouri in 1855, and 
settled in Cole County, fifteen miles west of 
Jefferson City. During the Civil War he enlisted 
in a Missouri regiment for service in the Union 
army, and died at Jefferson Barracks, before the 
expiration of his period of enlistment. His wife, 
Elizabeth, was born in Kentucky, where her 
father, James Fox, owned and operated a farm. 
She is still living, and resides on the old home- 
stead in Cole County. 

Of a family of eight, six of whom are living, 
our subject was the next to the eldest who 
attained mature years. He was born in Casey 
County, Ky., July 29, 1852, and in boyhood was 
thrown upon his own resources for a livelihood, 
owing to his father's death in the army. When 
twelve years old he began for himself, his first 
work being in the employ of a farmer in Cole 



Count3^ His connection with the railroad began 
in 1870, when he became brakeman for the 
Missouri Pacific between Jefferson City and Hol- 
den. Two j-ears later he was promoted to be 
fireman, his run being between the same points. 
Afterward he was transferred to the line between 
Sedalia, Atchison and Kansas City. 

In 1878 Mr. Willhite became an engineer on 
the Missouri Pacific between Jefferson City and 
Sedalia, and later between Lexington and Kansas 
City. After the consolidation of the different lines 
in 1881, he was for two years with the Missouri, 
Kansas & Texas, between Denison, Tex., and 
Parsons, Kan. On resuming work with the 
Missouri Pacific, he was given the position of 
engineer between Kansas City and Atchison, and 
now has a local day run of eighty-eight miles. 
He has been very fortunate, never having had 
any serious wrecks, although at one time he 
narrowly escaped death in a collision, his engine 
being completely turned over. The position 
which he holds is one of responsibility, and the 
efficient manner in which he has discharged his 
duties entitles him to more than passing 

Socially Mr. Willhite is identified with the 
Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, belonging 
to Division No. 178. He is a Knight of Pythias, 
and is connected with Equity Lodge No. 26, 
A. O. U. W. In religious belief he is a Presby- 
terian, and holds membership in the Central 
Church in Sedalia. His marriage to Miss Louise 
Becker took place in Tipton, Mo., in 1874. Mrs. 
Willhite was born in Cooper County, Mo., and 
is the daughter of Hon. Fred and Christine 
(Schenck) Becker, natives of Germany, who 
emigrated to America. Her father engaged in 
mercantile business in Tipton, was also proprietor 
of an hotel for a time, and filled the position of 
Judge of Moniteau County. He had but two 
children, and his only son, William Becker, who 
was a member of a Missouri cavalry during the 
civil war, died in Macon, Mo., leaving Mrs. 
Willhite the only survivor of the family. 

Having no children of their own, Mr. and 
Mrs. Willhite took into their home and tenderly 
cared for an adopted daughter, Bessie W., a 
bright and intelligent child, whose sunny and 

affectionate disposition won for her the love of 
all. She was truly the sunbeam of the home and 
the pride of her adopted parents, who were 
deeply bereaved by her death, January 9, 1895, 
aged nine years. 



n W. CAMPBELL, a retired farmer and stock 
I dealer of Holden, was born in Rowan Coun- 
G) ty, N. C, March 8, 1828, and is a son of 
Eli and Martha (Renshaw) Campbell. When 
but ten years of age his parents removed to Mon- 
roe County, Ind., where they lived a number of 
years, and in 1853 removed to McDonough Coun- 
ty, 111., where his mother died in 1854, and his 
father in 1857. 

In 1849 our .subject went to Adams County, 
111., where he engaged in working by the month 
at a salary of $13. He remained there until 1851, 
when he went to McDonough County, 111., and 
started to farm for himself on rented land. He 
prospered fairly well, and in 1856 purchased 
eighty acres of land at $18 per acre. In that 
year he was married to Miss Mary E. Paine, and 
at once went to housekeeping upon the farm 
which he had just bought. He continued to 
there reside until 1866, when he sold out and 
moved to Johnson County, Mo., where, in com- 
pany with his father-in-law, he purchased four 
hundred and forty acres of land at $25 per acre. 
He still owns the greater portion of that tract, 
and in the '80s bought one hundred and ten acres 
more in Madison Township. He also owns 
another tract of one hundred and eighty seven 
acres in the same township, together with six 
acres in the city of Holden, in addition to his 
residence and a house which he rents. His wife 
died June 24, 1887. 

Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Campbell: Mary, who married U. H. Boon, a 
farmer of Madison Township; Alice Ann, who 



died at the age of six years; and Cora E. and Flora 
A., twins, who still remain at home and serve 
as housekeepers for their father. 

Eli Campbell, father of our subject, was a 
strong Henry Clay Whig, but on the dissolution 
of that party, early in the '50s, he became a 
Democrat, and in 1856 voted that ticket. Our 
subject is a life-long Democrat, and cast his first 
Presidential ballot in 1852 for Franklin Pierce. 
He has been a member of the Christian Church 
since 1855. His wife also held membership with 
the same denomination from her girlhood, and 
his children belong to the same church. 

who has charge of the Church of the Sacred 
Heart at Sedalia, has accomplished a great 
deal toward building up the interests of the Cath- 
olic Church in this part of Missouri, and has one 
of the most influential churches in the state. He 
is very popular, not onlj' with the people of his 
own church, but with all of his acquaintances in 

Our subject was born in Minster, Auglaize 
County, Ohio, October 3, 1839, and is the son of 
Henry and Angela (Drees) Dickman, both of 
whom were natives of German}-. The father was 
born in Oldenburg, whence he emigrated when 
quite a j-oung man to America, and located in 
Auglaize County in 1831. There he was for a 
time employed in farming, and later engaged in 
merchandising, continuing thus engaged until his 
death, which occurred in the j'ear 1841. The 
mother, who was also born in Oldenburg, sur- 
vived her husband twenty years, her death oc- 
curring in 186 1. She never married again, and 
on her shoulders devolved the entire responsibili- 
ty of rearing her children. The family consisted 
of two sons, Henr}'. and our subject. The elder 
son, who was a soldier in the Civil War, was a 
tanner by trade, and having been very successful, 
is now living retired in Minster, Ohio. 

Father Dickman passed his earlier years in the 
town of Minster and attended its public schools. 
Upon completing the common-school course, he 
entered the St. Charles Seminary, of the Congre- 
gation of the Most Precious Blood, located at 
Carthagena, Ohio. There he .studied everything 
taught in the institution, completing the four 
courses, namely: the academic, classical, philo- 
sophical and theological. In his old home, in 
1862, he was ordained by Bishop Rosecrans, and 
remained as Professor in the seminary where he 
had gained his education. 

Upon the completion of the Union and Central 
Pacific Railroads in 1869, Father Dickman made 
an overland trip to California. He was there ap- 
pointed rector of the Catholic Church in Eureka, 
Humboldt County, where he remained for five 
years. One year previous to his location in Cali- 
fornia, however, he made a trip to Europe, visit- 
ing England, Germany and Italy, and while in 
the last-named country visited Pope Pius IX. He 
remained on the continent about six months and 
returned to his priestly duties much invigorated 
by the tour. 

In the year 1874 our subject returned to Ohio, 
and became Rector of St. John the Baptist's 
Church at Glandorf. This was a large and 
wealthy congregation, and he there built a church 
costing $75,000. Seven years later, in 1881, he 
removed to Nashville, Tenn., where he was pastor 
of the Assumption Catholic Church until 1882. 
During the latter year he came to Sedalia for the 
purpose of founding the German congregation 
known as the Sacred Heart Parish, in which work 
he has been very successful. 

The first building erected by our subject was 
only a temporary structure, but served for church 
and school until the completion of the new build- 
ing, which was begun in 1891. The new church, 
which was dedicated in May, 1893, is located on 
the corner of Third Street and Moniteau Avenue. 
It covers a space one hundred and sixty-five feet 
in length and sixty-five feet in breadth. It is very 
finely furnished, and is by far the handsomest 
church in the state, outside of St. Louis. The 
architecture is of Gothic .style, and the windows 
are of cathedral glass. The congregation num- 



bers one hundred and fifty families, and the school 
is very ably conducted. There are three teachers 
in charge, all Sisters of the Most Precious Blood, 
and the school has an attendance of about one 
hundred and twenty-five. 

Father Dickman owns half a block on Third 
Streets, Vermont and Moniteau Avenues, which 
was all vacant when he came here. He erected 
the beautiful residence which now occupies the 
grounds, and over $51,000 have been spent on 
improvements, which include the residence, school 
and church property. Socially our subject be- 
longs to the Catholic Knights, and is a valued 
member of the Brothers of Council of C. P. P. S., 
and is a highly esteemed member of the commu- 

■ ■ — ^m (^ — - 

R WILSON CARR, M. D., has for eighteen 
years been one of the leading practitioners 
of Sedalia, where he located in 1877. He 
belongs to the homeopathic school, and in both 
the practice of medicine and surgery has ever 
met with excellent success. He is an electro- 
therapeutist, having for many years made elec- 
tricity a special study, and was one of the first 
physicians to use it and find it efficacious in dis- 

Dr. Carr was born on the 3d of March, 1831, 
near Baltimore, Md., and is a .son of John Carr, 
a native of Anne Arundel County, Md. His 
grandfather, Robert Carr, was also a native of 
the same state. The latter had a brother. Col. 
John Carr, who served under that title during 
the Revolutionary War. The ancestors of our 
subject came to this country with Lord Baltimore, 
and received a grant of several thousand acres of 
land in Maryland. His father owned and resided 
upon a part ot it, there engaging in farming. On 
his plantation in 1694 an Episcopal Church was 
erected, which still stands, being over two hundred 
years old. His father had four brothers, two of 
whom became physicians. He served as a priv- 
ate in the War of 1S12, and after his return lo- 

cated in Baltimore, where he died at the age of 
seventy years, during the Civil War. His wife, 
who was in her maidenhood Eliza Wilson, was 
born in Baltimore, where her father, George 
Wilson, who was a native of Scotland, had lo- 
cated. Both parents were members of the Epis- 
copal Church, and the mother's death occurred 
at the age of sixty-nine years. In the family 
were four sons and one daughter, the latter of 
whom is now deceased. The others are Robert 
and John, who are merchants of Baltimore; Sam- 
uel, a farmer residing near the old home in Mary- 
land; and R. Wilson, the youngest of the famil3^ 

The Doctor was reared to manhood in his na- 
tive state, and attended Dickinson College, of 
Carlisle, Pa., from which he was graduated. He 
then began the study of medicine in the medical 
department of the University of Maryland, grad- 
uating from that school in March, 1852, when he 
entered Bay Hospital as resident physician. 

In 1853 Dr. Carr went to California, by way of 
Panama, and after remaining in San Francisco 
for a time practiced medicine in Downieville, 
Sierra County, until the fall of 1856, when, in 
compauN' with an expedition under General 
Walker, he went to Nicaragua as a surgeon. 
He remained with him until the spring of 1857, 
when he returned to Baltimore, where he en- 
gaged in practice. During the war he rendered 
professional service at Antietam and Gettysburg 
as a volunteer surgeon In 1876 he took up the 
study of homeopathy, which he has since prac- 
ticed. The following year he located in Sedalia, 
where he has made many friends and has a large 
and lucrative practice. He makes a specialty of 
the diseases of women and electro-therapeutics. 
He has all the appliances needed for electrical 
treatment, in which he is very successful. His 
office is in the Alamo Block, on Third Street. Be- 
sides his many patients in Sedalia and vicinity, he 
has others from adjoining states. 

The Doctor was married, in Baltimore, to Miss 
Susan E. Johnson, a native of that city, and a 
daughter of Dorsey Johnson. Her family took a 
prominent part in the Revolutionary War, and 
one of her ancestors was the first Governor of 
Maryland. In Sedalia Dr. Carr served for five 



terms as City Physician, and is a member of the 
State Homeopathic Institute of Medicine. In 
politics he is a Democrat, and also belongs to the 
Knights of Pythias, Knights of Honor and 
Knights Templar, the latter of the Masonic fra- 
ternity. He holds membership with Calvary 
Episcopal Church, in which for fifteen years he 
has been Vestrj-man. 


PjANIEL R. ELLIOTT is one of the pro- 
lyl gressive and wide-awake farmers who find 
IcJ both pleasure and profit in cultivating the 
soil, and by means of dignity and ability tend to 
raise the standard of their chosen occupation. 
His fine estate, which includes two hundred and 
thirty broad acres, is pleasantly located on section 
13, township 44, range 23, Pettis County. 

Our subject is a native of this county, and was 
born in Washington Township, March 30, 1855, 
to John and Sarah (Ramey) Elliott. His father 
was a Kentuckian by birth, and was a lad of nine 
years at the time of his parents' removal to Mis- 
souri. He was therefore reared to mature years 
in Pettis County, and choosing agriculture as his 
vocation in life, followed it with success until his 
decease, March 21, 1893. Industry and energy 
were the qualities which won the prosperity he 
enjoyed. His good wife, the mother of Daniel, 
was born in Missouri, and departed this life in 
November, 1884. 

Daniel R. Elliott carried on his studies for a 
time in the common schools of the home neigh- 
borhood, and after becoming informed in the 
common branches there taught began farm work 
on the homestead. He proved a very valuable 
assistant to his father, and remained with him un- 
til attaining his majority, when the desire to com- 
mence in life for himself became manifest. Rent- 
ing a portion of his father's farm, he began its 
operation, biit he has for the past four years lived 
on his present valuable tract, and is very de- 
servedly classed among the intelligent and promi- 

nent agriculturists of the county. He grows 
both grain and live stock in large quantities, 
and is well and favorably known in this section. 

The lady to whom our subject was married 
March 8, 1877, was Miss Lucinda C, daughter 
of Charles and Mary (AUfather) Harkless, na- 
tives of Pennsylvania. Upon leaving their old 
home her parents moved to a point in Minnesota, 
and finally took up their abode in Missouri. Mrs. 
Elliott was born during their residence in Minne- 
sota, and was given such an education as the day 
and locality afforded. She is now deceased, hav- 
ing departed this hfe, January 2, 1893. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Elliott were born seven chil- 
dren. Those living are MarceUus, Gerald, Maude, 
Blanche, Emmet and Vest. They are all at 
home with their father, with the exception of the 
youngest, who makes his home with a sister of 
Mr. Elliott. In politics our subject is Democrat- 
ic and a strong supporter of his part3''s prin- 
ciples. He is interested in all worthy matters 
that effect the welfare of the community in which 
he resides. With the exception of a position on 
the School Board, he has at all times refused to 
hold office. 

0EORGE S. McCLINTON, Superintendent 
]_ and General Manager of the Sedalia Plan- 
\Ui ing-mill Company, owns over one-fifth of 
the stock. The plant was organized in 1889, but 
Mr. McClinton's connection with it dates from 
April, 1894. The company has a capital stock 
of $10,000, paid in, and transacts a very exten- 
sive business. 

Nathaniel McClinton, the great-grandfather of 
our subject, was an Orangeman, and served in the 
English army under Wellington. He was born 
in County Antrim, Ireland, and emigrated to the 
United States, .settling in Moon Township, Alle- 
gheny County, Pa., in 18 16. There he improved 
and cultivated a farm until just before his death, 
which occurred when he was in his eighty-ninth 



year. He was a Protestant and a member of the 
Presbyterian Church. One of his sons, John, the 
father of George S., was born in 1823, and learned 
the trade of wagon-making in his native county. 
In 1868 he moved to Allegheny City, remaining 
there until 1889, when he came West, and now, at 
the age of seventy-two years, is a resident of Se- 
dalia. Mary J., wife of John McClinton, was a 
daughter of Robert Miller, a carpenter, who came 
of an old Pennsylvania family. Mrs. McClinton 
died in 1893, at Windsor, Mo., and of her five 
children all but one grew to maturity. George 
S. is the eldest of the three living children. 
William J. was in the Fourth Pennsylvania Ar- 
tillery for nine months during the late war; then 
for three years was in the Fifth United States In- 
fantry, and for five years served in the Third 
United States Cavalry, under General Terry, in 
the Sioux campaign, and at the battle of Little 
Big Horn was a Sergeant. He died in Sheridan, 
Wyo., January 5, 1895. Charles A. is a fanner 
of this county; and N. F. is a conductor, and a 
resident of Allegheny City. 

George S. McClinton was born in Allegheny 
County, Pa., January 15, 1850, and was a student 
in the common schools until the spring of 1S67, 
when he was apprenticed as a carpenter and stair- 
builder with A. & S. Wilson, of Pittsburg. 
Leaving them at the end of three years, he 
worked for different firms until 1871, when he 
came West, but only remained a month, at the 
end of that time returning to his old home. In 
the spring of 1872 he went to Washington, Pa., 
and the following year engaged in contracting 
and building in Pittsburg, afterwards being em- 
ployed jn a planing-mill for a year. In 1875 he 
went to Chicago, and later to St. Louis, where 
he gave his principal attention to stair-building. 
In the spring of 1878 he began taking contracts 
for stairs, and was thus employed until 1890. The 
next twenty-six months he was Superintendent 
of M. H. Boals & Sons' mills. In May, 1893, 
he proceeded to St. Louis and from there came to 
this city, where after working as a journeyman in 
the Sedalia Planing-mill a year, he was promoted 
to the superintendencj'. 

The planing-mill is located on Second Street 

and extends half a block on Mill Street. The 
warehouse is 50x120 feet, the mill 80x60 in di- 
mensions and two stories in height. Modern ma- 
chinery and improved plans for the manufacture 
of mouldings, sash, doors, blinds and stairs are in 
use, and an engine of seventy-five-horse power is 
required. In busy times forty men are required 
to carry on the business and more than half of 
that number are constantly retained. The mill 
is the largest of the kind in central Missouri and 
its stock is now above par. 

In 1 87 1 Mr. McClinton was married, in Pitts- 
burg, to Helen G. Showman, who was born in New 
Castle, Pa. Of the children born to them, eight 
are now living, and the two eldest, Joseph L. 
and Clifford L., are employed in their father's 
planing-mill. The younger ones are Estolee R. , 
Frank G., George S., Jr., Edith C, Margaret M. 
and Roy. Our subject is a member of the Royal 
Tribe of Joseph, and is independent in politics. 
He is a man of strict temperance, and is a valued 
member of the United Pre.sb3'terian Church. 

-N— —t-^^-r 


mTEPHEN A. COLLIER, who occupies an 
r\ influential position among the agricultural 
V£/ population of Johnson County, has his home- 
stead in township 47, range 27, where he has a 
fine farm. Upon this he has made some excel- 
lent improvements, and here he lives, surrounded 
by a fair share of the comforts of this life. 
Missouri claims him as one of her native sons, 
his birth having occurred in Howard County, on 
the 9th of December, 1854, and he is the third in 
a family of nine children born to Louis K. and 
Rebecca ( Creason) Collier, of whom seven still 

The father was born in Illinois July 31, 1826, 
but came with his parents to Missouri when a 
small boy of six, settling in Howard County. 
His father owning a tannery, he learned that 
trade, which he followed to a limited extent, but 
most of his time was given to farming. During 


the Civil War he became a member ot the Con- 
federate armj', serving from the fall of 1864 until 
its close, and was with Price on his famous raid. 
He had also enlisted in the service during the 
Mexican War, though at that time he was quite 
5-oung, and was a valiant soldier, ever found at 
his post of dut}-. He now makes his home in the 
northern part of Howard County, on the same 
farm where he has resided for forty-five years. 
He is held in the highest esteem in that commu- 
nity, all who know him being numbered among 
his friends. 

Reared upon the paternal farm, the subject of 
this history received his education in the district 
schools of this state, and remained at home, assist- 
ing his father in his agricultural labors, until he 
had attained his majority. Leaving the parental 
roof in 1S78, he then started out in life for him- 
self, going first to Cass County, where he re- 
mained for one year. On the expiration of that 
time he came to Johnson County, operating 
rented land for four years, but being very am- 
bitious and anxious to get ahead in the world, he 
saved his money and purchased his present farm, 
where he now successfulh' carries on general 

Mr. Collier kept "bachelor's hall" for some 
three years after coming to Johnson County, but 
becoming tired of this he decided to marry, the 
lady of his choice being Miss Plutina E. Colbert. 
Their wedding was celebrated on the i ith of Sep- 
tember, 1881, and this important event has proven 
a very fortunate one to our subject, as the lady 
who now shares in his joys and sorrows has ever 
been a faithful and loving wife. She was born 
on the 24th of March, 1856, and is a daughter of 
George and Eunice (Winfrey) Colbert, honored 
and respected citizens of this county. Mrs. Col- 
lier grew to womanhood under the careful train- 
ing of her parents, and is a credit to them. By 
her marriage she has become the mother of two 
charming little daughters: Georgia E., aged 
twelve; and Ora, who is now eight years of age. 

Mr. Collier is one of the representative men of 
Johnson County, and in politics affiliates with the 
Democratic party, whose principles he stanchly 
advocates. In religious belief he is a Baptist, 

and holds membership with that denomination. 
He is a consistent Christian gentleman, and holds 
a prominent place among the leading citizens of 
the community. His straightforward course has 
ever won him a foremost position in both social 
and business circles. In 1893 Mr. Collier visited 
the World's Fair at Chicago. 

SHARLES I. WILSON, numbered among 
the rising members of the Sedalia Bar, is 
now in partnership with H. K. Bente. His 
office is at No. 210 Ohio Street, and in addition 
to a regular law practice he is a notary public and 
claim collector. The firm has been very success- 
ful in collecting bills, employing a man for that 
purpose. A stenographer is also a requisite, as 
the correspondence is verj- extensive and con- 
stantly increasing. Our subject was appointed 
City Tax Collector by Mayor Ha,stain, and is a 
worker in the Republican party. 

John K. Wilson, the grandfather, was for years 
a leading farmer in Ohio, but his parents were 
natives of North Carolina. Judge E. V., father 
of our subject, w-as born in Butler County, Ohio, 
February 17, 1S24, and was a student at Miami 
University when seventeen years of age. Sub- 
sequently he studied law with John B . Weller, of 
Hamilton, Ohio, and in Januarv, 1846, was ad- 
mitted to the Bar, practicing in Hamilton until 
1849, when he engaged in merchandising at Tul- 
ly, Mo. His store was swept away by the Mis- 
souri River in 1S51, and he next turned his at- 
tention to teaching in Knox County. While 
there he was for years actively engaged in the 
practice of law, and in 1856 was elected to the 
State Legislature on the Republican ticket. A 
strong Union man, he raised a company of home 
guards, and was elected Major of the Second ,State 
Reserve Corps in the winter of 1863-64. After- 
wards he was in the Government employ as As- 
.sistant Provost-Marshal. In the fall of 1864 he 
was elected to the State Senate, and the follow- 



ing year was appointed to fill a vacancy in a 
Judgeship of the Fourth Judicial Circuit. A year 
later he was regularly elected for a full term of 
six years, and retired from the Bench in 1875. 
Though this was before the days of railroads in 
that section, and he was obliged to travel on horse- 
back, he never failed to hold court at the regular 
time and was prompt in the discharge of his du- 
ties. In 1869 he was very active in the promo- 
tion of the building of the railroad running from 
Quincy, 111., to Trenton, Mo., known as the 
Quincy, Missouri & Pacific Railroad, he be- 
coming one of its Directors. He enlisted in the 
Mexican War, from Ohio, and rose to the rank of 
Corporal, but on account of illness contracted in 
the South was obliged to return home. In 1875 
he retired from the Judgeship and resumed his 
law practice, but three years later was compelled 
to give it up on account of failing eyesight. At 
the time of his death, which occurred November 
25, 1885, he was President of the Bank ofEdina, 
which he helped to establish. In Masonic circles 
he was very prominent, and his funeral services 
were conducted under the auspices of the order, 
there being over two hundred and fifty of the 
brotherhood present. In his religious belief he 
was a Universalist. 

In 1847 occurred the marriage of Judge Wilson 
and Jane Delaplane, who was born in Hamilton, 
Ohio. Her father, Josiah Delaplane, who was of 
French descent, was a dealer in and manufacturer 
of furniture. Mrs. Wilson received an excellent 
education in the female seminary at Hamilton, 
and has always devoted much attention to liter- 
ary work. Her contributions, both prose and 
poetry, frequently appeared in leading magazines 
under the nom dc pliDne oi'^lrs. Lawrence, and 
later she wrote under her true cognomen. Her 
articles have met with high commendation from 
the best critics, and as a local authoress she has 
won renown. Among her most popular stories 
are, "His Mother's Songs" and "The One I 
Would Rather Meet. " The song, "Rolling To 
De Sea, ' ' also one of her compositions, is a beau- 
tiful and popular air. Mrs. Wilson's eldest daugh- 
ters also have literary talent, and Mrs. Minnie 
Armstrong, ofEdina, contributes articles, princi- 

pally prose, to the "St. Louis Magazine," "The 
Outing' ' and others. Sophy W. and Katie W. are 
residents of Denver; William, the eldest son, lives 
in Quincy, 111., and is a dealer in live stock; Vic- 
tor is the next in order of birth; George, a farmer 
of Reno County, Kan., was formerly Sheriff; 
Fred J. is Cashier of the Edina Bank, and in 
1892 was a candidate for State Treasurer on the 
Republican ticket; and F. A. , the youngest son, is 
a merchant of Edina. 

C. I. Wilson was born in Edina, Mo., Decem- 
ber 12, 1868, and was reared and educated there. 
For a year it was his privilege to attend the Man- 
hattan Agricultural College, and later Chaddock 
College, of Quinc}^ 111. Entering Cumberland 
University, at Lebanon, Tenn., he remained there 
until a senior, when he entered the law depart- 
ment, and graduated with the degree of Bachelor 
of Laws. Having passed an examination before 
Judge Turner in Scotland County, Mo., he was 
admitted to the Bar and came to Sedalia. For 
two years he was associated with G. W. Barnett, 
afterward was with Louis Hoffman, and in April, 
1894, became a member of the firm of Bente & 
Wilson, practicing before all of the courts. He 
is a charter member of the Royal Tribe of Joseph 
and is a Knight of Pythias. Like his father before 
him, he is a loyal Republican. At present he is 
Treasurer of the Sundaj'-school and is a Deacon 
in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

(John HYATT, a leading Democratic poli- 
I tician of Sedalia, was appointed Street Com- 
(2/ missioner by Mayor Stevens in 1890 and was 
elected for four successive terms without a dissent- 
ing vote. He now has under his jurisdiction a 
force of from fifteen to twenty men, and it is a 
matter of public comment that the streets have 
not been in such good condition during the past 
few years as they are at present. 

Mr. Hyatt was born in St. Louis, Mo., June 
18, 1852, and is a son of William and Sarah 



(Tyler) Hyatt, natives of St. Louis County and 
Virginia, respective!}'. The Hyatts are of Scotch- 
Irish descent, and our siibject's grandfather, 
Frederick, was born in Kentucky. Coming West, 
he located in Glasgow, Mo., and built the first 
house west of the Missouri River, this being about 
18 1 2. He took part in several Indian fights, and 
returned to his native state, where he was married 
in 1818. With his bride he started on the trip 
to the new home which he had provided for her, 
but at St. Louis learned that the Indians had 
burned the structure to the ground. He then 
settled near Florisant, St. Louis County, where 
he engaged in farming until his death. His son 
William was County Surveyor of St. Louis 
County for one term, and was an expert at civil 
engineering. In 1859 he moved to a farm in 
Moniteau County, near Tipton, where his death 
occurred when he was in his fifty-third year. His 
wife was a daughter of George Tyler, own brother 
of President Tyler, and in early days moved 
from the Old Dominion to St. Louis County, Mo. 
Mrs. Sarah Hyatt is still living on the old farm 
and is now in her sixty-ninth }ear. For a long 
period she has been a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and is a lady of admirable 

John Hyatt is next to the eldest of six children, 
all of whom are living, and was reared to farm 
life, receiving common-school advantages. On 
attaining his majority he engaged in the manage- 
ment of his father's farm, and was thus occupied 
until 1880. At that time he moved to Pettis 
County, and for four years operated a farm five 
miles southwest of Sedalia. In 1884 he removed 
to this place and built a residence at No. 1609 
Vermont Avenue. At this time also he became in- 
terested in the management of a lumber-yard, and 
for a few years bought, sold and shipped wood 
by the wholesale and retail, meeting with fair 
success. For the last five years he has served in 
his present official capacity and has made a good 

September 25, 1873, Mr Hyatt was married, in 
Versailles, Morgan County, Mo., to Miss Marga- 
ret J. Bowlin, a native of that county, and daugh- 
ter of W. M. and Jinett ("Winn) Bowlin. The 

former, a farmer by occupation, was a native of 
Alabama, but his wife was born in Missouri. 
Five children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Hyatt, 
namely: Sarah J., Mrs. Russell, of this city; Effie 
J., Walter, Daisy J., and one deceased. Mr. Hyatt 
is a member of Amity Lodge No. 69, A. O. U. 
W., and belongs to the Knightsof the Maccabees. 
He and his family are members of the 
Congregational Church and are liberal in their 
contributions to worth v charities. 


ILLIAM M. JOHNS, one of the most 
active and enterprising young business 
men of Sedalia, is interested in several 
large financial concerns. In the spring of 1888 
he became a partner in the firm of S. P. Johns & 
Sons, with which he has since been connected, and 
July 27, 1894, went into partnership with E. L. 
Looney, buying out the old lumber firm of H. B. 
vScolt. The business has been greatly enlarged, 
and the yard is known as the " Old Home Lum- 
ber Company Stand. ' ' The j-ard is located at the 
corner of Second Street and Montreal Avenue, 
occupying three quarters of a block, most of which 
is under cover. A full line of building materials 
is kept in stock, and an increasing trade is the re- 
sult of the well directed energies of the partners. 
A history of Samuel P. Johns, Sr. , father of 
William M., appears elsewhere in this volume. 
Our subject was born in Pana, 111., August i, 
1866, and received a public-school education in 
that place. In his fourteenth year he came to 
Sedalia and attended the high school and after- 
wards the Sedalia University. From his boyhood 
he had a strong desire to embark in a business 
career, and was not yet seventeen years of age 
when he induced his father to take him into his 
office. In the spring of 1888 he was admitted as 
a partner into the firm, and his ability was mani- 
fested from the start. In company with his father 
and brother, he owns an interest in the lumber 
yard at Hughesville, and he is a stockholder in 



the Universal Savings and Loan Company of St. 
Louis, being Vice-President of the local branch. 
He is also Vice-President of the Sedalia Land and 
Development Company, which was mainly instru- 
mental in getting the Legislature to agree to the 
removal of the capitol. 

For several years Mr. Johns has been a worker 
in the ranks of the Republican party, and since 
June, i8q4, has been Chairman of the County 
Central Committee. In the fall of 1894 the cam- 
paign was under his management, it being the 
first time in the history of the county that a solid 
Republican ticket was elected; and he has often 
been called upon to serve as a delegate to county 
and state conventions. He is a member of the 
Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, the 
Knights of Pythias, the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen, Woodmen of the World, and the 
Royal Tribe of Joseph. 

In this city, June 3, 1891, Mr. Johns was unit- 
ed in marriage with one of Sedalia's most accom- 
plished daughters, Alice Newkirk, who was born 
here and who was educated at Wellesley (Mass.) 
College. She is a daughter of Cyrus Newkirk, 
the late President of the First National Bank of 
Sedalia. Mr. and Mrs. Johns have two children, 
named, respectively, Gwendolyn and Cyrus N. 
Mr. and Mrs. Johns have many sincere friends, to 
whom they delight to extend the hospitality of 
their pleasant home, and are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. 

\^ .«» ^ 

(S\ NDY DEXHIMER. While the stock busi- 
T\ ness is not the most prominent industry of 
l\ Pettis County, it is at present receiving a 
greater proportion of the attention of the people 
than in former years. Among those who have 
contributed to the development of this industry 
in the county and who have in its pursuit gained 
a commendable degree of material success, promi- 

nent mention should be made of Mr. Dexhimer, 
one of Sedalia's foremost citizens. In addition to 
the buying and selling of cattle, he conducts the 
largest wholesale meat business in the city, and 
is carrying on a large and profitable trade among 
the people of this section. 

The Dexhimer family is of German origin. 
The parents of our subject, William and Cather- 
ine (Rodman) Dexhimer, were born in Hesse- 
Darmstadt, Germany, and thence emigrated to 
America, settling on a farm near Cleveland, Ohio. 
During their residence at that place our subject 
was born, February 5, 1851. From there in i860 
they came to Missouri, and after a sojourn of 
several years in Ste. Genevieve County, came to 
Sedalia, in March, 1867. In this city the father 
engaged in gardening and in the dairy business 
until his death, which occurred at the age of six- 
ty-five. His wife passed away in Cleveland, Ohio, 
at the age of eighty-six. 

Of the family of eight children, six of whom 
survive, our subject is the youngest in order ot 
birth. He was a mere child when his parents 
moved to Missouri, and his boyhood years were 
passed in Ste. Genevieve County, where he was 
a pupil in the district schools. At the age of 
sixteen he came to Sedalia, where for a time he 
assisted his father. In 1880 he embarked in the 
wholesale butcher business, which he has since 
conducted on an increasing scale. He has a 
slaughter-house on Brushy Creek, near the tracks 
of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, the main build- 
ing being 24x36 feet in dimensions. In it are to 
be found the latest appliances for the slaughter- 
ing of stock and the preparing of the beef for the 

The real-estate holdings of Mr. Dexhimer in- 
clude his elegant residence on West Second 
Street and a farm of sixty-one acres in Cooper 
County, near Tipton, Mo. All that he has repre- 
sents the result of years of arduous toil, for he has 
had to depend entirely upon his own exertions. 
In matters of public interest he gives his active 
co-operation, and his support may always be re- 
lied upon to secure needed municipal improve- 
ments. While not a partisan, he is firm in his 
allegiance to the Republican party. Socially he 



is connected with Unity Lodge, A. O. U. W., 

and in religious belief is a member of the English 
Lutheran Church. His marriage, which was 
solemnized in California, Mo., in 1875, united 
him with Miss Helen Neighbors, who was born 
in Chariton County, this state. Their six chil- 
dren are named Charles, Mattie, Christine, James, 
Andrew and David, the eldest of whom assists 
his father in business, and the others are students 
in the Sedalia schools. 

f2|lLBERT S. LANDER, ofSedaha, is one of 
l_l the oldest employes of the Missouri, Kan- 
Vj sas & Texas Railroad, and is one of their 
most reliable and trustworthy men. He is now 
foreman of the wood-working department of the 
car-shops, and has under his jurisdiction about 
fourteen men. When he first came to this city 
it was a small place of about three thousand in- 
habitants, and the car-shops were scarcely half 
as large as at present. 

The parents of our subject were Seneca and 
-Polly fShaw) Lander, natives of Maine. The 
former was a dealer in livestock, and passed his 
entire life in Oxford County, where his demise 
took place when he was in his eighty-fifth year. 
His wife was the daughter of Gilbert Shaw, a 
farmer, and died when in her sixty-sixth year. 
Both parents were members of the Baptist Church, 
and were held in high esteem by all who knew 

G. S. Lander was born in Woodstock, Me., 
November 13, 1827, being the third in a family 
of six children, all but two of whom are still liv- 
ing. He was reared on a farm and remained 
with his parents until nineteen years of age, when 
he went to Portland and began serving a three- 
years apprenticeship as a carpenter. Next he 
worked at his trade for two years in Boston, and 
in 1854 moved to Wisconsin. He soon found em- 
ployment as a car-builder in the Chicago & North- 

western shops at Fond du Lac, and after twelve 
years of steady work there went to Wyandotte, 
Kan., and from 1870 to 1876 was in the Union Pa- 
cific car-shops. In July of the last-mentioned 
year he became a resident of Sedalia, having been 
tendered the post which he now occupies. 

The first marriage of Mr. Lander took place in 
W'isconsin, the lady of his choice being Miss 
Helen Henry, a native of New York State. She 
died, leaving one child, John H., who is now a 
printer in Worcester, Mass. In Wj'andotte 
Mr. Lander and Mrs. Louisa A. Cockrell were 
united in marriage. Mrs. Lander was born in 
Clay County, Mo., and is a lady of amiable and 
genial qualities. Our subject is identified with 
the Knights and Ladies of Honor, and Equity 
Lodge No. 26, A. O. U. W. , in' which he is a past 
officer, and in 1882 was a Representative to the 
Grand Lodge in St. Louis. On political ques- 
tions he is always to be found on the side of the 


NENRY CALDWELL. There is not a finer 
farm throughout this portion of Missouri 
than that owned and occupied by the origi- 
nal of this sketch. It is over four hundred acres 
in extent and is pleasantly located on section 26, 
township 44, range 26, Johnson County. Mr. 
Caldwell was born in that part of Center County, 
Pa., now included in Clinton County, February 
24, 1824. his parents being James and Deborah 
(Stover) Caldwell. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject was a 
Scotchman, and after coming to America settled 
in the Keystone State, where his sons and daugh- 
ters were born and reared. James Caldwell there 
passed his entire life, and during his mature years 
worked at his trade of a blacksmith. Henry, of 
this sketch, also learned that business, at which 
he began working when a lad of fifteen years. He 
continued to busy himself in his father's shop un- 
til the death of the latter, in 1847. 



When twenty-four years old our subject was 
married to Miss Esther Will, who was born in 
Clearfield County, Pa. In 1866 they took up the 
line of march to this state, being accompanied by 
a family of seven children. They first went to 
Pittsburg, where they took a boat which con- 
veyed them down the Ohio River and up the Mis- 
sissippi and Missouri Rivers to their destination, 
the journej' occupying three weeks. The little 
party were landed at Boonville, where they made 
their home for about a year. There Mr. Caldwell 
followed the butcher's trade, and at the expiration 
of that time he began farming on the land now 
comprised in his present estate. This he pur- 
chased in partnership with a friend, and for some 
time they very successfully farmed the four hun- 
dred and forty acres. When a division of the 
property was made our subject was given three 
hundred acres, to which he afterward added one 
hundred and twenty -seven. 

Two 5'ears after locating here Mr. Caldwell's 
house was blown down, killing his wife and one 
son. This disaster occurred at night, after all 
had retired. Mr. Caldwell and one of his chil- 
dren, with the bed on which they were sleeping, 
were blown into the yard, but the occupants es- 
caped serious injury. 

To Henry and Esther Caldwell there were born 
twelve children, seven of whom are now living. 
Mrs. Mary Stone makes her home in this county; 
Adeline married William Medley, and lives in 
Post Oak Township; Elnora still resides at home; 
GriSin R. is also under the parental roof; Henry 
was engaged in traveling through the West when 
last heard from; Frank and Thomas live in Post 
Oak Township. Mr. Caldwell was a second time 
married. May 29, 1870, Miss Nancy Shafer, of 
Clinton Counry, Pa., becoming his wife. She 
was born in Bellefonte, Center County, that state, 
April 22, 1827, and l)y her union with our sub- 
ject has become the mother of a daughter, Ger- 
trude C, born July 2, 1871. 

During the late war Mr. Caldwell had five 
brothers in the Federal army. George was 
killed while at work tearing up a railroad in 
Georgia, but the other four returned home unin- 
jured after their discharge. In politics he is a 

stanch Democrat, supporting the principles of that 
party ever since casting his first vote for Polk, in 
1844. He is a man of prominence in his commu- 
nity and is held in the highest esteem by his 
neighbors for his uniform uprightness and integ- 
rity of word and deed. He is a member of the 
Christian Church and has been identified with 
this religious body for a period of thirty-five 

' ^ ^ P ' 

f" M. WALTERS, A. B., is Professor of Phy- 
r^ sical Sciences in Warrensburg Normal, hav- 
I ^ ing held this position for the last three years. 
He takes great interest in educational matters, 
and holds them paramount to politics, conse- 
quently always votes with the party which has the 
most liberal and progressive measures relating to 
the cause of education. 

The Walters iamily from whom our subject 
descended is of German origin, while on the ma- 
ternal side he is of Swiss descent. His parents 
were F. M., Sr., and Mary (Wiseman J Walters, 
both natives of Indiana, the former of whom died 
with the measles when' his namesake was a mere 
child. F. M. Walters, Jr., was born in Switzer- 
land Countj^ Ind., August 30, 1862, and passed 
his boyhood on a farm. As his parents were 
quite poor, he was obliged to earn his own liveli- 
hood as soon as posible, but managed to attend 
school during the winters. When about eighteen 
years of age he entered the high school at Vevay, 
Ind., and was graduated from that institution in 
1884. In addition to cafrying on his studies, 
during the last year of his school work he also 
engaged in teaching to some extent. After four 
years of study in the State University at Bloom- 
ington, Ind., he graduated with honors in the 
spring of 1887. 

Shortly after his graduation, June 22, 1887, 
Mr. Walters was married to Miss Jennie E. Harn- 
ing, who was brought up near Logansport, Ind. 
She had taught for a number of years, and met 
Mr. Walters while a student in the State Univer- 

S. K. CRAWFORD, M. 1). 



sity. Since their marriage she has also engaged 
in teaching, as she enjoys the work, and was very 
successfnl while connected with the State Normal 
at Terre Haute, Ind. Of the Professor's three 
children, two died in infancy, and the only one 
remaining is Frank M. , who was born in Monti- 
cello, Ind., April 25, 1888. 

In the fall of 1887 Mr. Walters became Prin- 
cipal of the Monticello public schools and was aft- 
erward placed in charge of the chair of natural 
sciences in a college in LaPorte, Ind. , where he 
taught for four years. On his graduation from 
Bloomington University he was given the degree 
of Bachelor of Arts, and while at LaPorte com- 
pleted the post-graduate studies and had confer- 
red upon him the degree of Master of Arts. 

HON. S. K. CRAWFORD, M. D., was born 
in Belfast, Ireland, December 25, 1838. The 
Crawfords, who were of the Presbyterian 
faith, were originally from Scotland, but settled 
in Ireland some two hundred and fifty years ago. 
Samuel Crawford, the grandfather of our subject, 
was a civil engineer in Belfast, where he spent 
his entire life. His father, Thomas Crawford, 
came to America in 1847, landing in Canada, but 
soon afterward removed to Iroquois County, 111. 
By occupation he was a farmer. He died in Iro- 
quois County at the age of seventy-four years. 
His mother, Usilla (Kerr) Crawford, was born 
near Belfast, Ireland, and died in that city when 
our subject was three years of age. Of their 
children, Samuel K. was the only that lived to 

The early life of our subject was spent in Bel- 
fast, where he received his primary education, 
and where he remained until fourteen years of 
age, when he came to the United States, ship- 
ping from Liverpool, England, and being six 
weeks upon the ocean. The vessel on which he 
sailed was wrecked off the coast of Ireland and 
had to return to Liverpool for repairs. Arriving 

in New York, he went by way of the Hudson 
River and railroad to Chicago, and thence to St. 
Charles, 111., to make his home with an uncle. 
From childhood he had a desire to study medi- 
cine, and soon after his arrival began the study of 
the same in the office of his luicle. Dr. Henry M. 
Crawford, an eminent physician of Illinois, who 
served as Surgeon of the Fifty -eighth Illinois In- 
fantry during the late war. In 1854 he entered 
the University of Michigan, where he took the 
scientific course of three years, and then entered 
Albany (N. Y.) Medical College, graduating 
therefrom in 1857. Returning to St. Charles, he 
at once commenced the practice of his profes.sion, 
and continued in the same until the breaking out 
of the Rebellion, when he was commissioned by 
Governor Yates First Assistant Surgeon of the 
Eighth Illinois Cavalry. The regiment was as- 
signed to the Army of the Potomac and in that 
array it served under MacClellan, Burnside, 
Hooker, Stoneman, Pleasanton and Meade, tak- 
ing part in all the various battles of that grand 
army. Later Dr. Crawford was made Surgeon 
of the Seventeenth Illinois Cavalry, with the rank 
of Major, and served until the close of the war, 
being mustered out at Ft. Leavenworth in De- 
cember, 1865. The Seventeenth Cavalry served 
for a long time on the plains of the West. In a 
cavalry engagement near Rapidan Station, Va., 
he was slightly wounded in the right thigh, the 
same ball that wounded him first killing his horse. 
On receiving his discharge. Dr. Crawford re- 
turned to St. Charles, 111. , resuming his practice, 
and there remained until 1868, when he removed 
to Warsaw, Benton County, Mo., where in a 
short time he built up a large and lucrative prac- 
tice in medicine and surgery. Often he was com- 
pelled to ride forty miles in a single day in the 
practice of his profession. While residing in War- 
saw he served as Health Officer of that city for 
some years, and was also a member of the School 
Board. Professionally he has always held a high 
place and has always enjoyed the confidence and 
esteem of his brother practitioners. In 1883 he 
was placed on the list of lecturers in the State 
University, but on account of making a trip to 
Europe he did not serve. He is a member of the 



Pettis County Medical Association, of the District 
Medical Association, and of the State Medical 
Association. While still a resident of Warsaw 
he was President of the Benton County Medical 

As stated above, in 18S3 the Doctor made a trip 
to the Old World, visiting many places and spend- 
ing some time in his old home at Belfast in re- 
newing old acquaintances. He was gone nine 
months, a portion of the time being spent in va- 
rious medical institutions and hospitals of Europe. 
Returning, he spent six weeks in Bellevue Hos- 
pital in New York, and then returned to Warsaw, 
where he continued in the practice of his profes- 
sion until 1894, when he removed to Sedalia and 
opened an office in the Winter Block. While in 
Warsaw he served as President of the Board of 
Medical Examiners for a number of years. 

Before leaving St. Charles, 111., Dr. Crawford 
was married to Julia E. Groom, a native of Buf- 
falo, N. Y., and daughter of Alfred J. and Me- 
hetabel G. (Norris) Groom. The former was a 
native of London, England, while the latter was 
a native of New Hampshire and the daughter of 
Col. Thomas J. Norris, who served in the War 
of 1812. Three children have been born to the 
Doctor and his wife: Mettie G., now Mrs. Tom- 
kins, of Warsaw, Mo. ; Maud and Mabel. 

Politically Dr. Crawford is a stanch Republican 
and for many years has been quite active in po- 
litical affairs. , He was Chairman of the Central 
Committee of the Republican party of Benton 
County for years, and was a member of the Re- 
publican State Central Committee for four years, 
two years of which time he was Chairman, hav- 
ing succeeded Major Warner. He was a del- 
egate from the Seventh District to the Chicago 
Republican Convention in the year 1888. But 
few state or district conventions of his party have 
been held of which he was not a member. In 
the fall of 1880 he was elected a member of the 
Assembly from Benton County on the Republican 
ticket, and was twice re-elected, serving in all six 
years, or three regular and two extra sessions. 
While in the Assembly he served on several 
important committees, including that of Appro- 
priations and Internal Improvements. He was 

twice appointed as a member of the Legislative 
Committee to visit the state institutions, once 
by Governor Marmaduke and once by Governor 
Moorehouse. He visited in all thirteen state in- 
stitutions, and aided in making necessary and 
important changes and recommendations to the 
Governors. He drafted and introduced the first 
bill proposing suffrage for women in the state of 

The life of Dr. Crawford has been a very active 
one. In addition to his medical practice and his 
political work, he has social connections with the 
Masonic fraternity, Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows, Ancient Order of United Workmen and 
the Grand Army of the Republic post, of Sedalia, 
in all of which he has taken an active interest. 
On Decoration Day, May 30, 1895, the Doctor 
delivered a memorial address on Grant and Gar- 
field at Charleston, 111. Few men in the state 
.have a wider acquaintance or are more favorably 
known than Dr. S. K. Crawford. 

ILLIAM WILLIAMS. This intelligent 
and substantial farmer of Pettis County 
has his pleasant home located on section 6, 
and he came here in the fall of 1859 from Pike 
County, 111. His father, John Williams, who 
was a native of North Carolina and a farmer by 
occupation, lived to be seventy-five years of age, 
and was respected by all who knew him. The 
maiden name of his wife was Elizabeth Walk. 
She, too, was born in North Carolina, whence she 
went with her family to Illinois, making the en- 
tire journey overland in a wagon. She lived to 
be sixty-three years of age, and died in Illinois, 
in 1858. 

The parental family included twelve children, 
of whom William was the eldest. Then follow 
John, America, Sarah, Franklin, Richmond, and 
Douglas, deceased. Samuel is living in Pike 
County, 111. : David i^ also a farmer of that sec- 



tion of the Prairie State; Jonathan is an agricult- 
urist of Sedalia Township, Pettis County, Mo.; 
Emma makes her home in Montana; Jane lives in 
Pike County, 111.; and the youngest is deceased. 

The subject of this sketch was born in North 
Carolina, October 20, 1821. He was a lad of six 
years when the trip was made to their home in 
Illinois, where he was reared, and where he se- 
cured a limited education, attending school about 
six months during the year, the balance of the 
time being devoted to work upon the farm. 
His parents were pioneers of Pike County, and 
there was consequently much to do in preparing 
the soil for cultivation and keeping the place in 
good condition. 

William Williams lived at home until attaining 
his twenty-seventh year, when he was given a 
tract of eight acres by his father. He was mar- 
ried about that time, and locating upon the place 
remained there until 1859, the date of his advent 
into Pettis County, this state. Three years pre- 
vious to this time he had visited the .state with his 
brother Jonathan, and being pleased with the 
outlook they purchased together an unimproved 
tract of six hundred acres, although eighty acres 
were fenced. 

Our subject was loyal to his country during 
the Civil War, and for eighteen months belonged 
to the Missouri Enrolled Militia, doing good serv- 
ice in protecting property and staying the law- 
less hands of the guerrillas. He is a practical 
farmer, and has been successful far beyond his ex- 
pectations. As his children have grown to mature 
years, he has been enabled to give them good ed- 
ucations and a fair start in life. 

Mr. Williams was married, in Indiana, to Miss 
Ellen F. Posey, a native of Warrick County, 
Ind. Their family comprises seven sons and 
daughters. Emma married David F. Palmer, 
and resides in this county; John is also a resi- 
dent of this section; Charlie is engaged in busi- 
ness in Sedalia; Belle married Samuel Stevens, 
an agriculturist of this county; Seymour, Sher- 
man and Nellie all make their homes here, the 
latter being the wife of Moses Hogan, Jr. 

For many years Mr. Williams aflBliated with 
the Democratic party, but he is now a free-silver 

man. He keeps himself well informed on the 
financial issues of the day, and possesses intelli- 
gent and well defined ideas of the same. He 
does not believe that there was any good reason 
for making the change in the unit of value in 
1873 from silver to gold, and thinks that change 
the source of all our late financial troubles. He 
is convinced that silver was early established by 
the founders of this Government as our unit of 
measurement. Three hundred and seventy-one 
and a-quarter grains of pure silver were a dol- 
lar in gold, and everything else was measured 
by this standard until 1873, when it was changed 
to gold. Silver, of course, began to decline and 
all other property with it. In religious affairs, 
both himself and wife are members in excellent 
standing of the Christian Church. Mr. Williams 
has many friends throughout the county, and is 
regarded by all as a thoroughly good man, who 
identifies himself with every worthy movement 
for the benefit of the community. 


BHARLES A. PAIGE, a prominent agricult- 
urist and well known citizen of township 44, 
range 23, Pettis County, was born in Stock- 
holm, N. Y., in March 1840, and is the eldest 
now living of the family of Anson and Jane (Flan- 
ders) Paige. The father was born in the state 
of Vermont, and there passed his early life. He 
emigrated to New York shorth' after attaining his 
majority, and was there successfully engaged in 
agricultural pursuits, following this vocation un- 
til the year of his death, that event occurring in 
Vermont in 1855, while he was visiting. After 
the death of his father Charles A. resided with an 
uncle in that state until 1861. 

Mrs. Jane Paige was born in Sandwich, N. H., 
and preceded her husband to the grave, dying in 
the year 1S51. Charles A. was a lad of eleven 
years when this calamity overtook him, and al- 
though he attended school some in his earlier years, 
he was then prevented from carrying on bis stud- 



ies until reaching the age of fourteen. He was 
determined to become well educated, and at this 
time attended the common schools for several 
terms, when he was given the advantage of an 
academic course. 

When he had just attained his majority, and 
while engaged in farm work, the tocsin of war 
was sounded throughout the country, and our 
subject immediately buckled on the armor of the 
Union soldier and went to his country's aid. He 
was mustered into Company E, Fourth Vermont 
Regiment, at Brattleboro, and was in active serv- 
ice for more than three years. He took part in 
all of the many engagements in which his regi- 
ment participated until Maj' 5, 1864, when, at the 
battle of the Wilderness, he received a gun-shot 
wound which disabled him from further service. 
After being honorably discharged and mustered 
out he returned to Vermont, where he remained 
for a few months, then went to New York, there 
operating a farm for one year. At the end of that 
time he came to Missouri and located upon an es- 
tate near the one he now owns. Two years later, 
however, he purchased his present farm of forty 
acres, which, although small in extent, is so 
thoroughly improved that it yields as large a crop 
of grain as many other estates twice its size and 
not so well managed. It is situated near the main 
line of the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad 
and in close proximity to the village of Green 

Mr. Paige was married, in June, 1866, to Miss 
Augusta L., daughter of Joseph L. and Sarah 
(Westover) Morgan. The Morgans were natives 
of the Green Mountain State, but of the West- 
over family little is known. Mrs. Paige was 
born in New York State, and by her union with 
our subject became the mother of nine children, 
one of whom is deceased. Of those living we 
make the following mention: Joseph M., C.Ira, 
EUaL., Martin H. and Hugh are living in St. 
Louis, while Harry W. (the twin of Hugh), Effie 
J. and James G. are with their parents. Mr. and 
Mrs. Paige are members of the Congregational 
Church, in the faith of which they have reared 
their children. 

Socially our subject is a member of E. D. Baker 

Post No. 68, G. A. R., and in politics is a true- 
blue Republican. Besides serving as Justice of 
the Peace in his township, he has also represented 
his district on the School Board. 

QAPOLEON G. TEVIS, one of the solid 
|7 agriculturists of Pettis County, now owns a 
\Id quarter-section of land on section 18, town- 
ship 44, range 23, which he conducts in a pro- 
gressive manner. He gives his undivided atten- 
tion to farm work, and as he has been a resident of 
his present homestead since 1874, is consequently 
well known in this locality and highly esteemed 
as one of its best residents. 

Our subject is a native of this state, having 
been born in Cooper County, March 27, 1840. 
His parents, Snowden and Susan (Morris) Tevis, 
reared a large familj^ of children, of whom he was 
the eleventh-born. Snowden Tevis was a native 
of Madison County, Ky., and remained in that 
state until twenty years of age, when he cro.ssed 
the line into Missouri and engaged in agricultural 
pursuits in Cooper County. He made that por- 
tion of the state his home for the remainder of his 
life, dying in 1853. His good wife, the mother of 
Napoleon G., was born in North Carolina, and 
departed this life in 1852. Our subject was thus 
doubly orphaned when a lad of thirteen years. 
He had previous to this time fair advantages in 
the subscription school of his neighborhood, and 
when old enough to begin the battle of life on his 
own account chose the vocation of a farmer, to 
which occupation he had been trained. He 
moved to his present fine estate in 1874, and has 
since that time ably conducted the same. It is 
one hundred and sixty acres in extent and gives 
evidence of the care and labor bestowed upon it. 
The stock on this farm is of the best, and the most 
approved farming implements and machinery of 
all kinds are used to carry on the work. 

Our subject was married, in 1862, to Miss Cor- 



delia J. Martin, the daughter of WiUiam H. and 
Rhoda (Moore) Martin. Her father was born in 
Tennessee, while Mrs. Martin was a native of this 
state. The birth of Mrs. Tevis occurred in Cooper 
County, September 28, 1844, and bj' her union 
with our subject she became the mother of six 
children, of whom the eldest, Mattie, is deceased. 
Alice is the wife of William Calvert, a farmer of 
Johnson County; they became the parents of two 
children, Roxy and one deceased. Rhoda, the 
twin of Alice, is living at home George W. and 
Thomas H. reside in Johnson County, and Lester 
N. is at home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Tevis are members of the Baptist 
Church. In politics the former is an ardent 
Democrat, but has never aspired to office-holding, 
preferring to give his attention to his private in- 
terests and let those hold office who wish to do 
so. He is a good citizen, always interested in 
obtaining the best schools for the rising genera- 
tion, in making good roads, and, in short, in ad- 
vancing the community's welfare in every possi- 
ble way. 

■ ' — £)# P — ' ■ 

(John william Atkinson is one of the 

I enterprising and progressive farmers of John- 
(*? son County, now residing in township 47, 
range 27. He was born on the 31st of January, 
1831, in Green County, Ky., and is the eighth in 
the family of twelve children born to John E. and 
Parthena (Williams) Atkinson, eight of whom 
are yet living. The father's birth occurred in 
Amelia County, Va., in 1809. His parents re- 
moving to Kentucky, however, when he was but 
a child, there the days of his boyhood and youth 
were passed, and his marriage was celebrated. 
In 1852 he emigrated to Missouri, and after a 
two-years stay in Jackson County, removed to 
Lafayette Count}', locating eighteen miles south- 
east of Lexington, on the Lexington and Warrens- 
burg road. Here he was destined to spend the 
remainder of his life, his death occurring in 1866. 
He was a public-spirited man and did much 

toward the development of his county. He was 
of a retiring, kindly nature, but gathered many 
friends around him, who felt when he died that 
they had indeed lost a valued citizen. 

Mr. Atkinson, whose name introduces this 
review, acquired his literary education in the 
common schools, and spent his boyhood days un- 
der the parental roof On nearing manhood he 
chose the trade of a blacksmith, and being un- 
usually handy with tools his apprenticeship was a 
short one. That vocation he followed in the Blue 
Grass State for some three years, when he came 
to Missouri, and for two years worked at his trade 
for the firm of Russell & Waddle, at Lone Jack. 
During that period he began farming to a limited 
extent, but as the years rolled by he devoted more 
and more of his time to tilling the soil, until to- 
day he only does such work at his anvil as his 
own necessities require and an occasional accom- 
modation for a neighbor. 

An important event in the life of Mr. Atkinson 
occurred on the 24th of March, 1857, when he 
was united in marriage with Miss Catherine Ann 
Baker, a daughter of William C. and Nancy 
(McGinnis) Baker. She is the second in their 
family of six children, of whom four still survive. 
She was born in Tennessee, October 31, 1832, 
and was brought by her parents to this state when 
nine months old. Here she grew to womanhood, 
and by her marriage has become the mother of 
three children. Nannie E. and Warner S. are 
still with their parents; while John W. is attend- 
ing a business college at Los Angeles, Cal., fitting 
himself for a business or professional career, as he 
is at present contemplating the study of medicine. 

In August, 1862, Mr. Atkinson enlisted in the 
Confederate army, serving as regimental black- 
smith. For three years he remained in the serv-. 
ice, when he was mustered out at Shreveport, 
La. An accident occurred just prior to his reach- 
ing that place which nearly cost him his life. The 
steamer on which he had taken passage sank 
when within five miles of Shreveport, and some 
three hundred persons were drowned, but he 
managed to reach the land in safety. 

Mr. Atkinson removed to a farm four miles 
east of Odessa in 1881, where he purchased land. 



For four years he made that his place of residence, 
when he sold out and removed to his present 
valuable farm, consisting of two hundred and forty 
acres. He is a thorough, practical farmer and his 
success in life is well merited. He uses his right 
of franchise in support of the Democracy and is a 
stanch advocate of the free and unlimited coinage 
of silver. In religion he is a member of the Meth- 
odist Church and is charitable and benevolent, 
giving his support to all worthy objects. He is a 
pleasant, genial man who has the respect and con- 
fidence of all with whom he conies in contact, and 
Johnson County numbers him among her most 
honored and influential citizens. 


/g EORGE L. OSBORNE, an able and well 
l_ known educator, is President of the War- 
\^ ren.sburg State Normal. He has made the 
profession of teaching his life work and has been 
eminently successful in his various fields of labor. 
For the past twenty years he has officiated in the 
position wdiich he now holds, and during this pe- 
riod the .school has prospered amazingly. At the 
time of his coming here the enrollment of stu- 
dents was but little over four hundred, but during 
the past year there have been more than one 
thousand student in regular attendance. The 
faculty has also increased in number from nine to 
twenty-one of the most practical instructors who 
can be found. The graduates of this institution 
are scattered not only throughout all sections of 
the state, but in all parts of the West, and the 
influence of their Alma Mater is through them 
becoming a strong factor in the civilization of the 
country lying westward of the Mississippi. 

The birth of G. L. Osborne occurred in F'ay- 
ette County, Pa., in December, 1835. His par- 
ents, Abraham and Jane (Gregory) Osborne, 
were likewise native of the Keystone State. The 

former was of Scotch- Irish ancestry, but his fa- 
ther was born in Loudoun County, Va. He bore 
the Christian name of Jonathan, and became one 
of the honored pioneers in the western part of 
Pennsylvania. The great-grandfather of Mrs. 
Jane Osborne came from England to America 
with William Penn. Abraham Osborne was a 
farmer by occupation, as were his forefathers, 
and in his political faith he adhered to the Whig 

George L. Osborne is the youngest of six sons, 
four of whom are still living. He received a 
common-school education in his native county and 
at the age of nineteen became a teacher in the 
public schools. At the close of his first term of 
school he entered Waynesburg College, where 
he .studied for some time, defraying his expenses 
by short terms of teaching in the country .schools 
of his native county. Before his course in col- 
lege was fully completed the Civil War came on 
and turned his attention in other directions-. At 
the close of the war, however, the institution con- 
ferred on him the degree of A. M., in recognition 
of his work as a student and success as a teacher. 
He is not proud of his militarj^ record, although 
he was a member of Company C, Fifty-eighth 
Pennsylvania, and participated in the lively chase 
after General Morgan during his raid through 
Ohio. Soon after this his regiment was mustered 
out, and he resumed the profession of teaching. 
During his career of fourteen years in Pennsylva- 
nia, he passed through various stages of advance- 
ment, from the ungraded country school to the 
position of Superintendent of City Schools. The 
latter position he held for several years in Union- 
town, Bridgeport and Brownsville, successively, 
and before coming West he also held the position 
of Professor of Mathematics in what is now the 
State Normal School at California, Pa. 

After coming West he served four years as Su- 
perintendent of the public schools of Macon City 
and three 3'ears as Superintendent at Louisiana, 
Mo. At the end of his third year in Louisiana, 
in June, 1875, he was called to the Presiden- 
cy of the Warrensburg Normal, and has since giv- 
en his entire attention to the upbuilding of this 
celebrated institution. Larger and better accom- 



modations have been added to the original struct- 
ure and ever}' appliance convenient and useful 
for pupil and teacher is to be found there. 

November 27, 1861, Professor Osborne married 
Sara V. Swisher, of Uniontown, Pa., a native of 
West Virginia. They have two children. M3'rtle, 
born in Louisiana, Mo. , graduated from the War- 
rensburg Normal in 1891, after which she entered 
Stanford Universit}' and completed the English 
course in that institution as a member of the pio- 
neer class of '95. 

Professor Osborne was reared in the Methodist 
Church, and united with it when about twenty- 
five years of age. On coming to Missouri he 
became identified with the Cumberland Presbyte- 
rian Church, to the doctrines of which he yet ad- 
heres. He is not a politician, but was a member 
of the Board of Regents of the First District at 
Kirksville during a large portion of his residence 
at Louisiana, and is now (1895) ^ member of the 
Missouri School Textbook Commission. 


r" RANKEIN R. HUEEAND, now serving as 
r^ Alderman from the -First Ward in Sedalia, 
I has been longer a continuous resident of this 
city than any other person in the place. In 1883 
he built a residence and office at the corner of 
Jefferson and Ohio Streets, on a point where was 
formerly located the old homestead of Gen. Bacon 
Montgomery. In 1894 Mr. Hulland was elected 
on the Republican ticket to serve for two years as 
Alderman. He is Chairman of the Fire Depart- 
ment Committee and a member of the Finance, 
Streets and Alleys, Taxes, Sewerage and Police 
Department Committees. 

Richard Hulland, the father of F. R., was 
born in Devonshire, England, and learned the 
carpenter's trade. After his marriage he moved 
to the United States, settling in Dubuque, Iowa, 
and from there went to Rockford, 111., where he 
engaged in buying and selling cattle and live- 
stock. In the spring of 1859 he went to Cole 

Camp, Benton County, Mo., and there found em- 
ployment at his trade until November, i860, 
when he moved to Sedalia and embarked in busi- 
ness as a contractor and builder, giving employ- 
ment to from thirty to fifty men. Our subject is 
now living in a block adjacent to the one in 
which his father dwelt for several years. Dur- 
ing the war he was a member of the Home 
Guards. In 1864 he was elected Alderman in 
this place, and was again honored with the posi- 
tion in 1867, being elected on the Republican 
ticket. Fraternally he was a member of the Ma- 
sonic order and of the Independent Order of Odd 
Fellows. In 1878 he made a trip to England, 
and died at his old home, aged fifty-four years, 
being buried in the same grave in which his 
mother was sleeping her last sleep. He was a 
member of the Episcopal Church, to which his 
wife also belongs. She was formerly a Miss Eliz- 
abeth Sing, a native of Devonshire, England, 
and is now living in Sedalia, being in her sevent}^- 
third year. Her only daughter, Mary, a widow, 
was the wife of John Burkhard, of this place. 

FrankHn R. Hulland was born June 22, 1857, in 
Rockford, 111., and came with his parents to this 
place when but three years of age. His father 
built the second residence in the city, and here 
young HuUand's boyhood was passed, his educa- 
tion being obtained in the subscription and public 
schools. After working for four years at the car- 
penter's trade with his father, he entered upon 
an apprenticeship to A. E. Stewart, May 3, 1875, 
and became a practical workman. In 1881 he 
embarked in contract painting and decorating, 
in which line he has prospered beyond his ex- 
pectations. His work has not been limited to this 
vicinity, as he has frequently been called to take 
contracts in adjoining villages, and he gives em- 
ployment to from fifteen to eighteen hands. 

March 29, 1881, Mr. Hulland married Clara 
Brown, who was born in Stark County, Ohio, 
and they have become the parents of four chil- 
dren: Richard, Fayetta, Armstead S. and Clara. 
Mrs. Hulland is a daughter of Thomas Brown, a 
native of Bedford Count}-, Pa. For a few years 
he resided in Stark County, Ohio, and in 1866 
came to Sedalia, where he was engaged as a con- 



tract plasterer until his death. His wife, formerly 
Joanna Mellon, is still living in Sedalia, and is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

In his fraternal relations Mr. HuUand is a char- 
ter member of the Royal Tribe of Joseph, belongs 
to the Knights of the Maccabees, and has passed 
all the chairs in Equity Lodge No. 26, A. O. 
U. W. He and his good wife are identified with 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and are 
esteemed by the large circle of friends whom they 
have gathered around them during their long 
residence here. 

LA worthy early settlers of Johnson County, 
/ I having been the first Eastern man to locate 
in the region west of Warrensburg after the war. 
Having secured one hundred and eighty-two acres 
of land, he went to work with the energy and de- 
termination to succeed that insure success sooner 
or later. He was fortunate in securing for a 
wife a lady who has been a true helpmate, and to 
her he cheerfully accords a large share of the 
credit for his prosperity. Their pleasant home is 
always open for the entertainment of their many 
friends, and strangers as well find a cordial wel- 
come there. 

A native of Fayette County, Ohio, born April 
12, 1844, Mr. Stitt is one of eight children 
whose parents were James and Catherine (Ma- 
nary) Stitt. Three of the children are deceased. 
The father was born January 26, 1810, and grew 
to manhood on a farm. Early in life he learned 
the tailor's trade, and for years followed that 
trade successfully, and then, having mastered the 
carpenter's trade, devoted his time to that calling 
for some time. His declining years were passed 
quietly on a farm, his death occurring in Holden, 
Mo., March 27, 1890. Under his judicious train- 
ing his son Albert was reared and started in the 
right direction in the battle of life. His educa- 
tional advantages were somewhat limited, but 

he made the best of his opportunities and is to- 
day a man of much more than ordinary informa- 
tion and general knowledge. 

August 23, 1865, Mr. Stitt married Eliza Ellen 
Dyer. Her parents, Hugh C. and Mary Ann 
(Abernathy) Dyer, were honored pioneers of 
Ohio, but were natives of Virginia. At a very 
early period thej' left the Old Dominion on horse- 
back, making the entire journey to Ohio in that 
way. After his marriage Mr. Stitt and his bride 
started for Missouri, arriving here the following 
October. They at once settled in their present 
home, where they have long been classed among 
the leading citizens. The homestead, which is 
situated on section 22, township 47, range 27, is 
now all under cultivation, and each year goodly 
returns reward the fortunate owner. 

Two children came to bless the home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Stitt, but only one survives. This 
promising youth, Edwin James, is now in his 
sixteenth year, and we predict for him a bright 
future. Mr. Stitt is affable and courteous in 
manner and makes friends of all with whom he 
conies in contact. In his political affiliations he 
is a stanch supporter of the Republican party. 
A member of the Presbyterian Church, he bears 
an enviable reputation for his strict veracity and 
uprightness of character, and we are glad to ac- 
cord him a place among the honored old settlers 
of Johnson County. 



RICHARD M. OLMSTED has served for years 
as a member of the Sedalia Central Demo- 
cratic Committee from the Third Ward. In 
1886 he was elected to serve as an Alderman from 
the same ward, and was Chairman of the Streets 
and Alleys and Cemetery Committees. After an 
interval of a year he was re-elected for another 
two-years term, and was Chairman of the Commit- 
tees on vStreets and Alleys and Sewers. For two 
years he was out of office, but in 1893 was once 



more elected, and is now Chairman oftheSani- 
tar}- and Printing Committees, and is also a mem- 
ber of the one on streets and alleys. He was 
among the very first to advocate street pavement, 
and can always be found on the side of progress. 
In 1882 he started in business as a liveryman, be- 
ing a pioneer in this line, and has also been much 
interested in real estate-transactions. 

At an early day the paternal grandfather 
brought his family as far West as Jersey County, 
111., from New York State. His son Richard, 
father of our subject, was a nati^'e of the Empire 
State, and in his early manhood operated a farm 
near Jerseyville, 111., where he died when only 
twenty-eight years of age. His wife, who was a 
Miss Louisa Crab, afterward became the wife of 
P. S. Prentice. She was born in Knoxville, 
Tenn., and is a daughter of Joseph B. Crab, an 
early settler in Jersey County, 111. He took 
part in the Black Hawk and Mexican Wars, and 
in 1853 went overland to Oregon, dying soon aft- 
er his arrival there. Mrs. Prentice resided in 
Jersey County untiri864, when she located in 
Macoupin County. After being a resident of 
Litchfield, 111., about ten years she came to Seda- 
lia, where she is now living, having reached her 
seventy-seventh year. She is a faithful and zeal- 
ous member of the Baptist Church. Of the four 
children by her first marriage, only two are liv- 
ing, our subject and S. H. The latter, who was 
in the Civil War, lives in Sedalia. By her mar- 
riage with Mr. Prentice she had four children. 

R. M. Olmsted was born in Jersey County, 
111., April 27, 1848, and received a district-school 
education. In 1864 he moved with his mother to 
Macoupin County, and a 3'ear later to Litchfield. 
His first employment was as a teamster, after 
which he entered the service of the Indianapolis 
& St. Louis Railroad as a brakeman, and was 
later promoted to be yardmaster. In 187 1 he 
moved to the vicinity of Versailles, Mo., where 
he was engaged in farming about two 3'ears. In . 
1873 he located in Sedalia and engaged in the 
teaming business for some seven years, gradually 
drifting into his present occupation. His livery 
barn at No. 313 Hancock Avenue is 45x90 feet 
in dimensions, and affords room for thirty horses. 

In connection with his other business Mr. Olm- 
sted is the manager of a transfer line. From 
time to time he has invested in real estate and 
owns seven residences, besides farm lands. 

In 1875 occurred the first marriage of Mr. 
Olmsted, the lady of his choice being Miss M. 
Bowlin, of that city. Her death occurred in Se- 
dalia, at which time she left two sons and a 
daughter, namely: Henry W., Bessie P. and 
Frederick. In 1887 our subject married Eudora 
Marvin, a native of this city. Mr. Olmsted is a 
member of Equity Lodge No. 26, A. O. U. W., 
belongs to the Knights of the Maccabees, and is 
also connected with the Woodmen of the World. 

(cjEORGE U. BENNETT, M. D., a member 
I— of the medical fraternity of Kingsville, came 
\^ to this place in 1889, and, opening an office, 
has made rapid progress in the estimation of 
those who have occasion to need his services. 
His father, Jacob Bennett, a native of Cleveland, 
Ohio, came to this state when a young man, and 
settled on a farm in Jackson County, on which he 
yet resides. He is a carpenter b}- trade, but for 
many years has devoted his entire time to agri- 
culture, and is now in his sixtieth year. 

The mother of our subject, Mrs. Elizabeth 
(Cave) Bennett, only lived to be thirty-eight 
years old. She became the mother of five sons 
and one daughter. George U. was the eldest; 
John Price is engaged as a general merchant at 
Lone Jack, Mo.; Ella W. is deceased; Gains C. 
is bookkeeper in the bank at Kingsville; Charles 
makes his home in California; and Frank is en- 
gaged in farming with his father in Jackson 
County. Mrs. Bennett's parents were natives of 
North Carolina. 

The second marriage of Jacob Bennett occurred 
in 1885, Ella Hunter becoming his wife. This 
union was blessed by the birth of six daughters, 
who are all living. George U., of this sketch, 
was born in Lone Jack, Jackson County, this 



state, July 24, 1858. He was reared on his fa- 
ther's farm, and when twenty years of age was 
enrolled as a student in the State Normal, but in 
order to pursue his studies there was obliged to 
teach school for a few months of each year. 

For one year after completing his literary 
studies he worked for Ridnour & Baker, grocers 
in Kansas City, and while there learned consid- 
erable of the details of that business. His natural 
inclination led him soon after to study medicine, 
but in this undertaking he was greatly opposed 
by his parents, who did not consider him strong 
enough to follow the hard life of a physician. 
Although receiving no encouragement or advice 
from this source, he pressed forward, and enter- 
ing the medical department of the Western Re- 
serve College at Cleveland, Ohio, was graduated 
after a three-years course with the Class of '89. 
He then returned home and soon thereafter came 
to Kingsville, where he commenced practice. 

Until the fall of 1894 he was interested in a 
drug store in this place, but at that time sold out 
in order to give his undivided attention to his in- 
creasing practice. For one term he filled the po- 
sition of Coroner. 

Dr. Bennett was married to Miss Maggie Mc- 
Elvaine in 1S90, and to them has been born a 
daughter, Mabel. In politics our subject is a 
Democrat, and socially is a Mason, being Senior 
Warden of the lodge at Kingsville, and also be- 
longs to the Woodmen of the World. He is 
greatly interested in the work of the Christian 
Church, of which he is a member, and is also 
affiliated with the Medical Society of Southwest- 
ern Missouri, and the State Medical Societj-. 


ry many accomplishments in life, the securing 
L__ of which will ever bring honor and praise 
to the one who has faithfully won them; but the 
greatest honor will ever be due to the man who, 
beginning at the foot of the ladder, with no cap- 

ital but strong arms and a courageous young 
heart, pushes his way onward and upward to 
success. Such a one is the subject of our sketch, 
for his success is entirely due to the energy , per- 
severance and good judgment with which he has 
conducted his business enterprises. 

In general blacksmithing, carriage and wagon 
manufacturing our subject has found a wide field 
for his labors, and has built up a large and lu- 
crative trade, receiving a liberal patronage from 
the citizens of Sedalia and surrounding towns. 
A native of Germany, he was born near Muenche- 
berg, Bavaria, June 4, 1863, and is a son of 
George and Margaret (Schmutzler) Kiesling, 
both of whom were natives of Germany. The 
father was a farmer in the Fatherland, in which 
country his death occurred. The mother was a 
Lutheran in religious belief, and had four chil- 
dren, three of whom are still living, our subject 
being the only one now in America. 

Edward J. remained in his native land until 
reaching his fifteenth year, at which time, in* 
1878, he came to America, here meeting his 
brother John, who is now deceased. Locating 
in Cole County, Mo., our subject was employed 
on a farm for two years, and then apprenticed 
himself to learn the blacksmith's trade in West- 
phalia, Osage County, Mo., continuing in that 
capacity two years. In 1882 he came to Sedalia, 
working at his trade in connection with different 
establishments, and in 1885 bought the shop he 
now owns, beginning business for himself at 
blacksmithing and repairing. He was so suc- 
cessful in this line that he was enabled, in 1894, to 
begin the manufacture of wagons, carriages, sulk- 
ies, and, in fact, all vehicles on wheels. About 
fifteen men are employed and he superintends the 
business himself. 

In Sedalia, in the year 1884, occurred the mar- 
riage of Mr. Kiesling and Miss Bertha Maue, a 
native of Germany. To this union has been 
born a family of three children, George, Eddie 
and Walter. The family residence is at No. 312 
North Pro,spect Avenue, and is the abode of hos- 
pitality and good cheer. Socially our subject is 
identified with the Woodmen of the World, and 
also belongs to the Sons of Herman. Politically 



he is a Republican, the principles of which part}^ 
he supports with voice and ballot. He is a con- 
sistent member of the Lutheran Church, and 
gives generousl}- to its support. Besides his 
manufacturing interests he is the owner of val- 
uable real estate, and in all respects has shown 
himself to be one who is worthv of emulation. 

(James H. CRAWFORD, the leading gen- 
I eral merchant at Green Ridge, is not only a 
Q) prominent and progressive business man of 
Pettis Count}', but has succeeded in establishing 
for himself a reputation for thorough integritj', 
enterprise and correctness, that is truly most de- 
sirable. He was born in Virginia, in 1855, and 
is the eldest member of the family of Baxter and 
Agnes Crawford, also natives of the Old Domin- 
ion, where they were reared and married. The 
father was identified with farming interests until 
the time of his decease, which occurred in Janua- 
ry, 1895. His estimable wife is still living, mak- 
ing her home with her 3'oungest daughter in 

The boyhood of our subject was passed in the 
usual manner of farm lads, his time being divided 
between work and play and attending the district 
school. He continued to make his home under 
the parental roof for two years after reaching his 
majoritj', when he embarked in farming on his 
own account. He was thus emplo}'ed in his na- 
tive state until 1884, when he came westward to 
Missouri, locating in Sedalia. His stay there 
was short, and six months later he changed his 
place of residence to Owsley, Johnson County, 
and for over four years was engaged in merchan- 
dising in that place. The outlook being vet}- 
bright for his line of business in Green Ridge, he 
came hither, and now has the largest general store 
in the citj-, and indeed one of the largest in the 
county. He carries a full stock of the latest 
goods, and, his prices being popular, he is well 
patronized. Practical and progressive in his 

ideas, in the management of his large business 
interests he manifests good judgment and these 
qualities which insure success. 

James H. Crawford and Miss Anna H. Craig 
were united in marriage in 1882. The lady is 
the daughter of Kenerly and Mary J. (Clayton) 
Craig, natives of Virginia, in which state Mrs. 
Crawford was also born. Their union has re- 
sulted in the birth of three children, named re- 
spectivel}-, Nellie, Willie and Marvin. Our sub- 
ject is connected with the Episcopal 
Church South, while his estimable wife is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. He is a Democrat, 
politically, and is consequently opposed to mon- 
opolies. Although never seeking political hon- 
ors, he has nevertheless been prevailed upon to 
serve as a member of the Board of Conncilmen, 
and is at present a member of that body. 


ERRITT YEATER, City Engineer of Se- 
dalia, is a ver}' bright and promising 3-oung 
man, and already has achieved distinction 
as a civil engineer, surveyor and assayist. He 
was first appointed to the position he now holds 
in 1888, and served from that time until July i, 
1892, when he resigned. He was re-appointed on 
his return to this city in August, 1S93, by Ma}'or 
Stevens, and since he has acted in this capacity 
has superintended and surveyed the laying of all 
the principal sewers in the city, and the paving 
of most of the important streets. He has platted 
several additions to the citj-, among these being 
South Park, Smith & Cotton's, R. L. Hale's, 
Arlington Heights and Baird & Metsker's, all 
of which are large additions, and he has also sur- 
veyed several smaller ones. 

The great-great-grandfather of Merritt Yeater 
emigrated from Germany to Virginia, in which 
state his son, the next in line of descent, was 
born. He first moved to Kentucky, and later to 
Missouri, while it was still a territory, being one 
of the first settlers in the northern part of the 



state, and there he died at the age of sixty-six 
years. Charles H., grandfather of our subject, 
was born in Bourbon County, Ky., and for twenty 
years was a merchant in Osceola, St. Clair Coun- 
ty, Mo., in which place his death occurred in 
1862, at the age of sixty years. He was a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church, and in political faith 
was a Democrat. His wife, Judith, was born in 
Kentucky, being a daughter of John Jamison, an 
early settler in Callaway County, Mo., and of 
English descent. Mrs. Yeater died when in her 
sixty-seventh year, and of her children three 
grew to maturity, namely: James J.; J. K., who 
was in the Sixteenth Missouri Infantry, Parsons' 
brigade, of the Confederate service; and Sarah, 
Mrs. Harrison, of Fayetteville, Ark. 

James Jamison Yeater, father of our subject, 
was born in Troy, Lincoln County, Mo., Decem- 
ber I, 1831, and when seven years of age moved 
with his parents to Callaway County. In 1841 
he went to Osceola, where he attended the public 
and subscription schools, and then for a year he 
pursued his studies in Highland Academy, Jack- 
son County. From his boyhood he was trained 
to be a commercial man, and was in business with 
his father until 1857, when he started out on his 
own account in Osceola, continuing in trade until 
1 86 1. He was burned out by the Union army, 
and soon afterward enlisted on the Confederate 
side, being commissioned as Quartermaster and 
Commissary (with the rank of Captain) of the 
Tenth Missouri Cavalry. He took part in several 
battles and skirmishes in Missouri and Arkansas, 
but was never injured in the slightest way. In 
September, 1865, he came toSedalia and was em- 
ployed in commercial pursuits until he retired, in 
1886. For twenty years he was a Director in the 
Citizens' National Bank, and in the spring of 
1893 was very influential in the organization of 
the Bank of Commerce, being made President of 
the institution from the start. Mr. Yeater was 
united in marriage with Sarah J. Ellis, who was 
born near Montpelier, Vt., and of their union 
were born four children. Chase, Merritt, Laura 
and Stella. 

Merritt Yeater was born in- Georgetown, Pettis 
County, March i, 1868, and from the time he was 

three years of age lived in Sedalia. He obtained 
his education in the public schools of this place, 
and graduated from the high school in 188 1, after 
which he took an academic course in the State 
University at Columbia. In 1886 he received the ■ 
degrees of civil engineer and mechanical engineer 
from that university, after taking the required 
course in those branches. Then, going to St. 
Louis, he was for eight months chemist for the 
Western Steel Company, and later was assayer 
and chemist for the Gold King Mining and Mill- 
ing Company of Telluride, Colo. In a little less 
than a year he went to San Diego, Cal., working 
as a civil engineer, and then obtained a similar 
position in Texas on the Frisco Railroad. 

In the spring of 1888 Mr. Yeater was appoint- 
ed City Engineer of Sedalia by Mayor Crawford, 
was re-appointed by him the following year, and 
in 1890-91-92 received his appointments from 
Mayor Stevens. On his resignation from the 
office in July, 1892, he went to Hannibal, Mo., 
taking a contract to build a reservoir holding forty 
million gallons for the Hannibal Waterworks 
Company. This task he completed satisfactorily 
at the end of nine months. He was next offered 
a position with the General Electric Company of 
Chicago, to survey .and lay out the Intramural 
Railway at the World's Fair, and carried out his 
part of the contract. Afterward he laid a few 
sewers in that city, but in the early fall of 1893 
returned to Sedalia, and was at once urged to re- 
sume his former position as City Engineer, and 
acceded to liis friends' wishes. Like his father, 
he is a Democrat, and fraternally is a Knight of 

■ ^ ^ P • , 

the most prominent citizens of Sedalia, is 
now serving as Treasurer of the Missouri 
Trust Company. He is public spirited, enter- 
prising and progressive, and has done much for 
the advancement of the city where he now makes 
his home. He was born in Kirch Brombach, 



Hesse-Darmstadt, Germany, on the 6th day of 
April, 1838, and is a son of John H. Faulhaber, 
who was a native of the same place. His grand- 
father, Karl August Faulhaber, was also born in 
the same province, and there he had charge of the 
Grand Duke's forest. The family came originally 
from the French side of the Rhine, and were 
Lutherans in religious belief. 

The father of our subject was erigaged in the 
manufacture of furniture in Kirch Brombach, and 
the business there established is still conducted by 
a member of the family. His eldest brother was 
also a cabinet-maker by trade. Mr. Faulhaber 
wedded Catherine Zimnier, who was born near 
Offenthal, and a daughter of John M. and Susan- 
na (Zeigel) Zimmer. Her father was also a na- 
tive of Offenthal, where he engaged in the manu- 
facture of plush . To Mr. and Mrs. Faulhaber 
were born ten children , nine of whom grew to man 
and womanhood: Fritz, who died in Germany; 
Ernst and Catherine, who both pa.ssed away in 
Pittsburg, Pa.; Ernstine, now Mrs. Hoffman, of 
Mt. Carroll, 111.; Lotta, Lizzette and Margaret, 
who all died in Allegheny, Pa. : Fredericka, a resi- 
dent of that city ; and George L. , the youngest of 
the family. The father departed this life in his 
native land in 1846, at the age of fifty-four years, 
and the mother's death occurred in May, 1 851, at 
the age of fifty-six years. 

The gentleman whose name heads this record 
graduated from the public schools of Germany at 
the age of twelve years, after which he came to 
America with a sister, in 185 1. They left Meintz 
for Rotterdam and thence went to London. For 
ten weeks they were on the Atlantic, during which 
time they were lost in an ice-field, and as the wa- 
ter and provisions gave out they were nearly 
starved. At length they arrived safely in New 
York, whence they proceeded at once to Pittsburg, 
Pa. , where Mr. Faulhaber worked with his broth- 
er until 1855, when he went to Chambersburg, 
Pa., and apprenticed himself to a chairmaker, 
with whom he remained twelve months, but dur- 
ing that time the man nearly starved him to death. 
He then boarded a schooner going down the Ohio 
and Mississippi Rivers to New Orleans, and re- 
mained there until June, 1857, when he went to 

St. Louis. In the following September, however, 
he secured a position with the United States Ex- 
press Company at Jefferson City, Mo., remaining 
with them for two years. He was then messen- 
ger on the stage lines from Tipton to Kansas City, 
Mo., and Leavenworth to Junction City, Kan. In 
April, 1862, he returned to Missouri and ran be- 
tween Sedalia andSt. Louis, and also between St. 
Louis and Macon City. He then became agent 
for the United States Express Company at Sedalia, 
but resigned the following year and removed to 
Pleasant Gap, Bates County, where for two years 
he engaged in merchandising. At the end of 
that time he sold out and engaged in the express 
business, and was also Route Agent in north Mis- 
.souri for the same company, with headquarters at 
St. Louis. Later, in 1867, he organized an ex- 
press company of his own, known as the Southern 
Express Company, of which he became proprietor 
and Superintendent, it having- the stage lines in 
southwestern Missouri. The principal shipping 
lines were Sedalia, Springfield, Carthage and Ne- 
osho, and he carried on the until 1868, 
when the railroads encroached on his territory. 

In that year we again find Mr. Faulhaber back 
in the office of the United States Express Compa- 
ny at SedaHa, he remaining with them until 1891, 
when the Pacific Express Company came into 
control. With the latter firm he remained until 
the I, st of September, 1884, when he resigned to 
become Treasurer of the Missouri Trust Compa- 
ny, being the first to fill that office, and he has held 
the position ever since. The company was or- 
ganized in 1880, with a capital stock of $10,000, 
and is now doing the largest business of the kind 
in the .state. The capital stock has been increased 
to $500,000, with $200,000 paid up; there is a 
surplusof $50,000, and undivided profits to the 
amount of $10,000. The compan)^ issue debent- 
ures and sell them anywhere, and also have a sav- 
ing department, and any sum from $1 draws five 
per cent, interest. Their present fine building 
was erected in 1887. Besides holding the office of 
Treasurer of this company, our subject is also a 
stockholder and Director. 

On the 2d of January, 1861, in Jefferson City, 
Mo., Mr. Faulhaber married Miss Lillie Grim- 



shaw, a native of Leeds, England, and daughter 
of Jonathan Grimshaw, who was Division Super- 
intendent of the Midland Railroad in England. Af- 
ter coming to America her father located at St. 
Louis, where he became connected with the United 
States Express Company, and from 1858 to 1892 
was agent at Jefferson City, when he resigned 
and his son Arthur became his successor. He 
then came to Sedalia, and is now connected with 
the Missouri Trust Company. His wife, who 
was formerly Eliza M. Topham, died in Jefferson 
City in 1876. Mrs. Faulhaber was educated in 
St. Louis, and by her marriage has become the 
mother of six children. KatherineE., now Mrs. 
Houx, is a widow and resides with her father; 
George G. died in St. Louis; Gertrude is at home; 
Ernest A. is in the purchasing department of the 
Northern Pacific Railroad at St. Paul, Minn. ; and 
Eda Margaret and Blanche Lillian, who are at 
home, complete the family. 

In 1878 Mr. F'aulhaber was elected Mayor of 
Sedalia on the Republican ticket, and the follow- 
ing year was re-elected, holding the office for two 
terms to the satisfaction of all. He became a 
member of the School Board in 1882, serving for 
the first year as President, but he preferred the 
office of Secretary, which he filled for the two suc- 
ceeding years. He was made City Treasurer in 
April, 1888, and remained in office for two years. 
Public aff"airs always receive his hearty recogni- 
tion, and he encourages all enterprises for the 
city's advancement. He was in Sedalia in 1864, 
at the time when Jeff Thompson was captured 
there, and during the war served in a company of 
Citizens' Guard as Sergeant. He takes consider- 
able interest in civic societies, being a member of 
SedaUa Lodge No. 236, A. F. &A. M., in which 
he served for five consecutive years as Master, and 
for eight years as Secretary, from which office he 
resigned; he is also a member of Sedalia Chapter 
No. 18, R. A. M., where he was also Secretary 
for fifteen years; and St. Omar Commandery No. 
II, K. T., in which he filled the same office for 
seven years, but some three years ago resigned all 
of those offices, though he is now serving as Em- 
inent Commander. He has been a member of the 
Masonic Board of Relief since 1885; and also be- 

longed to Earn Leaf Chapter of the Eastern Star 
until it gave up its charter, and in that order 
filled the chairs of Worthy Patron and Grand 
Marshal. For two years he was Grand Junior 
Deacon of the State Lodge, and Treasurer of both 
the Royal Tribe of Joseph and the Royal Arca- 
num. With the Calvary Episcopal Church he 
holds membership, and is Vestryman and Clerk 
of the Board. In politics he is a stanch support- 
er of the Republican party, and has served as del- 
egate to the county and state conventions. No 
man in Sedalia is more widely or favorably known, 
and the name of George L. Faulhaber deserves 
an honored place in this volume. 

rjDWARD HOUGH, a very popular and 
10 clever young citizen of Sedalia, is serving in 
I the responsible position of City Clerk, hav- 
ing been appointed to the office September 7, 
1892, by Mayor Stevens, and the appointment 
being confirmed by the Council. In 1893 he was 
re-appointed, and again in 1894, giving full sat- 
isfaction to all. He is quite prominent in the 
ranks of the local Democracy, with which he has 
been identified since becoming a voter, and has 
served as a Committeeman from the Second Ward. 
The father of the gentleman above mentioned, 
Michael Hough, was born in Ireland, and upon 
coming to the United States landed at New Or- 
leans. About 1850 he went to St. Louis by way 
of the Mississippi River. Later he entered the 
employ of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, working 
in their car departments in St. Louis, Jefferson 
City and Sedalia for thirteen years. He died in 
the faith of the Catholic Church, to which he had 
been reared in this city, in the year 1883. His 
wife, who bore the maiden name of Elizabeth 
Gaff"ney, was a native of the Emerald Isle. She 
survived him a few years, passing away in 1888. 



By her marriage she became the mother of four 
children, of whom Edward is the eldest. Marga- 
ret is living with her brother and sister. Mathew 
works for the Dexter Book and Paper Compan}- 
of this place; and Eliza lives with our subject. 

Edward Hough was born January i8, 1868, in 
Jefferson City, Mo., during his parents' residence 
there, but from the time he was five years of age 
he lived in Sedalia. He received a good educa- 
tion and was a student in Professor VanPatten's 
school for some time. When he was eighteen 
years of age he entered the employ of the Mis- 
souri Pacific Railroad Company, with which his 
father was connected, and was a machinist in 
their shops until the strike of 1886. Thence 
he went to St. Joseph, Mo., and for six months 
was in the machine-shop and foundry of H. C. 
Burkes. Preferring Sedalia, however, he returned, 
and obtained a clerkship in a grocery owned by 
Mr. McGinly, and there he continued for three 
years. At the end of that time he resumed rail- 
roading, being made fireman on the Ft. Scott & 
Wichita Railroad, in which capacity he served 
for several years. 

As a public official Mr. Hough is making a 
good record, being very systematic and exact in 
his methods, and faithful to the demands and best 
interests of the public. He is a member of the 
Catholic Benevolent Society, and in the Legion 
of Honor occupies an official position. He ad- 
heres to the faith of the Catholic Church, holding 
membership with the congregation of St. Vincent 
de Paul. 

, • — ^ r^— - 

(TOHN CHRISTIAN GAUSS, Jr., is one of 
I the representative farmers of Johnson County , 
C2/ his home being on section 4, township 45, 
range 27. His residence in this county covers a 
period of over a quarter of a century , as he located 
within its boundaries in August, 1869, and has 
since lived here. In everything relating to the 
development of this portion of the state he takes 
the most lively interest, and has been an import- 
ant factor in its present prosperity. 

The father, John C. Gauss, is a native of Ger- 
many, born in the province of Wurtemberg, De- 
cember 20, 18 15. He received a good education, 
and when twenty-three years of age decided to 
seek a home in the New World and landed in 
New York after a long and tedious journey. He 
at once proceeded to Massillon, Ohio, reaching 
there April 11, 1839. For some four years he 
worked as a hostler, laying aside a large share of 
his earnings, with which he purchased forty acres 
of land in Noble County, Ind., in 1843. Settling 
on the property, he was soon on the high road to 
success, and as time passed he added more land to 
his original farm, until it contained altogether 
three hundred and eighty acres. When he had 
secured an ample competence for his declining 
years, he moved to the village of La Otto, and two 
years since was honored by being made Postmas- 
ter of the place. His wife was born in Bavaria, 
December 16, 1S16, and came to the United States 
in 1837, locating in Ohio, where she met her fu- 
ture husband. They were married August 22, 
1843, and lead a peaceful and happy life in com- 
panionship until they were .severed by death, Mrs. 
Gauss being called to the home beyond April 14, 

J. C. Gauss, Jr., was born November 12, 1847, 
in Noble County, and learned at an earl}' age the 
duties of farm life. March 21, 1869, he married 
Selinda Rupert and a few months later came to 
Missouri. He had previously entered into an 
agreement with his father to manage the old farm 
for a year, but the matter was not satisfactorily 
arranged. As he had no capital, he worked by 
the month or day for the next two years, and at 
last purchased a team and a few necessities. He 
then rented a farm and endeavored more earnestly 
than ever to make a success in life. In 1873 he 
invested his savings in forty -seven acres, and as 
the years rolled by extended his possessions until 
he now owns one hundred and sixty-seven acres. 

Our subject was fortunate in his choice of a 
wife, and to her is due a share of the credit of his 
success in life. She is a daughter of Daniel and 
Christina (Eby) Rupert, natives of Ohio. Six 
children have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Gauss. 
The two eldest, Mary E. and Selinda, aire accom- 



plished young ladies; Charles M. and Edgar P. 
are twins, and the two youngest, Annie and Alva, 
are also twins. Mary has attended the State 
Normal for two terms, and Selinda has been a 
student there one term. The latter also formerly 
attended McPherson (Kan.) College. 

Mr. Gauss is affiliated with the Republican 
party. Religiously he is of the German Baptist 
faith, and strives to follow the teachings of the 
Gospel in all his dealings with his fellows. He 
has gained the entire confidence of his many 
neighbors and acquaintances, who speak of him 
in the highest terms. 


EHARLES T. OGLESBY, a wealthy citizen 
of Warrensburg, started out in his business 
career a poor man, and in legitimate lines of 
farming and stock dealing acquired his fortune. 
He naturally possessed good business ability, 
sound judgment and perseverance in whatever 
he undertook, and in time brought him pros- 
perity. In 1SS2 he moved from his farm to 
Warrensburg, and soon afterwards opened the 
livery which he has since conducted, keeping a 
full line of carriages and a high grade of horses. 
The birth of Mr. Oglesby took place in Cooper 
County, Mo., April 23, 1834. His father, Talton 
Oglesby, was born in Albemarle County, Va., 
January 13, 1793. The grandfather. Pleasant 
Oglesby, moved from the Old Dominion to Ken- 
tucky, and subsequently to Cooper County, Mo. 
Our subject's mother, who bore the maiden name 
of Antoinette Rooker, was born March 29, 1802, 
and was married in Kentucky, May 8, 1817, 
when she was only fifteen years of age. Several 
of her children were born in the Blue Grass State. 
Susan T., the eldest, was born July 14, 18 18, 
and died in Cooper County, Mo., in childhood. 
Julia Ann, born September 25, 1820, married 
Jehu Robinson, by whom she had six children. 
Emily, born February 7, 1823, died while young. 
Margaret E., born June 9, 1825, married Oliver 

Maxwell, now of Jackson County, and had six 
children; she is now deceased. Amanda J., whose 
birth occurred August 25, 1827, married Judge 
Robert Wonick, of Warrensburg, and died in 
November, 1892, leaving four children. Jeremiah, 
born May 6, 1831, served in the Confederate 
army, and had his collar bone broken by being 
thrown from a horse; he died in September, 1890, 
leaving four children. William T. was born Oc- 
tober 25, 1832, in Cooper County, Mo., and died 
in 1862. Charles T., a native of the same coun- 
ty, is the subject of this narrative; and Eovisa 
Henrietta, born July 7, 1836, completes the fam- 
ily. The latter has been twice married; by her 
first union she had three children, and by her 
marriage with Tipton Huff has three children. 
The father of our subject was at first a poor man, 
but before his death owned between six and seven 
hundred acres of land. In early days he was a 
Whig, but later became a Democrat. For a num- 
ber of years he was a Deacon in the Missionary 
Baptist Church, and he was called to his final re- 
ward September I, 1863. 

On starting out in life for himself, Charles T. 
Oglesby was early obliged to "hoe his own row," 
and received but little education. With the pro- 
ceeds of the sale of a mule he had raised from a 
colt, he purchased forty acres of land, which he 
still owns. As he was prospered he increased his 
possessions until he was the owner of several 
hundred acres, and although he has .sold several 
farms he is still the owner of three hundred acres. 
For short periods he has rented his farm and giv- 
en his attention solely to buying and selling horses 
and cattle, in which business he has been espe- 
ciall}' successful. 

December 23, 1854, Mr. Oglesby married Miss 
Mar>' J. Thornton Jones, who was born February 
10, 1839, and to them were born two children, 
both now deceased. The mother departed this 
life in November, 1862. April 23, 1865, Mr. 
Oglesby married Ella Ruby, whose birth occurred 
in Pettis County in July, 1850. Her parents are 
Judge Henry and Mary A. (Carson) Ruby, the for- 
mer a native of Kentucky, where he lived for many 
years. Eater he moved with his parents to Stark 
County, Mo., and then to Cooper County, where 




he met the lady who subsequently became his 
wife. She was a sister of Kit Carson, the famous 
Indian hunter and trapper. Mrs. Ruby was born 
in Howard County, Mo., in Cooper's Fort, Sep- 
tember 15, 1813. Three children have been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Oglesby: Fannie Lee, in Sep- 
tember, 1870; Charles, in November, 1871; and 
Henry Ruby, June 22, 1873, all in this county. 

As Mr. Oglesby sometimes laughingly says, 
his entire worldly possessions at the time of his 
first marriage consisted of $2.50 in money, a 
small unimproved homestead, a team of horses 
and one or two cows. With a sturdy constitution 
and a willing heart, he soon was on the high road 
to success, and has rarely seen the time when he 
could not assist others less fortunate than himself. 
Politically he is a Democrat and cast his first Pres- 
idential ballot for James Buchanan in 1856. 


HON. JOHN D. CRAWFORD, who served 
as Mayor of Sedalia from 18S8 until 1890, 
has been Vice-President of the Citizens' 
National Bank for over sixteen years, and is one 
of the most prominent men of Pettis County. 
During his term at the head of the city govern- 
ment, the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad 
headquarters were moved here, an electric street 
railway system inaugurated, and street paving 
and electric lighting introduced. 

The Crawford family date their origin back to 
Ardlock or Crawford-land, in Ayrshire, Scotland. 
The old Crawford castle, built in a remote period 
of antiquity, still stands on the right bank of the 
river Clyde. Our subject's ancestors were na- 
tives of Scotland and descendants of Col. John 
Crawford, who came from Ayrshire to Pennsylva- 
nia. His grandfather, John, who was born in 
Cumberland County, Pa., removed to Kentucky, 
where he was one of the very earliest settlers, 
having located in the wilderness in 1790. While 
on an expedition prospecting for mines in the 

Northwest Territory, he met his death. ' Our 
subject's father, John E., was born in Cumber- 
land County, Ky., and inherited the same ad- 
venturous spirit. In 1827 he went on horseback 
to St. Louis, from there came to Pettis County, 
and then went to the lead mines of Galena, 111., 
remaining there some two years, but in 1829 re- 
turned to this county and participated in the In- 
dian troubles and in the Mormon War. He set- 
tled on a farm on Spring Fork Creek, six miles 
south of Sedalia, and in time became the owner 
of eight hundred acres. For one term he served as 
a member of the General Assembly, having been 
elected on the Whig ticket, but after the forma- 
tion of the Republican party he adhered to its 
teachings. He made a specialty of raising high- 
grade stock, and was very successful in his vent- 
ures. His death occurred in the old brick house 
which he had built in 1844 on his farm, at the 
age of eighty-nine years, in 1891. 

The maternal ancestors of our subject were of 
Scotch-Irish origin. His mother, Sarilda J., was 
born in Clark County, Ky., and died February 
2, 1895, aged seventy-.six years. Her grandpar- 
ents were among the first settlers of Ste. Gene- 
vieve, Mo. ; in fact, they settled there at a time 
when the surrounding country was so wild as to 
be illy fitted for a home, and they therefore re- 
turned to Kentucky. Daniel Donnohue, our sub- 
ject's grandfather, was born in Ste. Genevieve, 
Mo., but was reared principally in Kentucky, 
and at a very early period in the history of Pet- 
tis County settled on a farm in Dresden Town- 

The marriage of John E. Crawford and Saril- 
da J. Donnohue, which was solemnized in 1836, 
was blessed by six children, namely: JohnD.; 
James H., who was Lieutenant of Company E, 
Seventh Missouri State Cavalry, and who located 
and settled Steamboat Springs, Colo., in 1873; 
Henry A., who died in Colorado in 1882; Grant, 
who is Assistant Ca.shier of the Citizens' National 
Bank, of Sedalia; Ann E., Mrs. J. J. Ferguson, 
who lives in Texas; and Cynthia M., wife of Rev. 
B. T. Thomas, of Lafayette County, Mo. The 
first marriage of John E. Crawford iinited 
him with Miss McFarland, of Cooper Coun- 



ty, Mo., and they became the parents of 
two sons, namely: Christopher C, who was a 
Lieutenant in the Forty-fifth Missouri Infantry, 
and died in Pettis County in 1891; and WiUiam 
O., who was a member of the Fortieth Missouri 
Militia during the late war, and is now engaged 
in farming in Pettis County. 

Upon his father's farm, five miles northwest of 
Sedalia, March i, 1838, occurred the birth of the 
subject of this notice. With the exception of the 
first two years, he resided on a farm south of Se- 
dalia until he was twenty-one. His studies were 
conducted in William Jewell College, at Liberty, 
Mo., and on completing his education he taught 
school until the outbreak of the war. In Au- 
gust, 1862, he enlisted in Company C, Fortieth 
Missouri Militia, and was elected Captain of the 
company. The following year he was made Cap- 
tain of Company K, Fifth Provisional Regiment 
of Missouri Troops, and in 1864 was commis- 
sioned Colonel of the Fortieth Regiment by Gov- 
ernor Gamble, and served as such till the close of 
the war. His regiment was central, and on duty 
in southwestern Missouri. At the time of Price's 
last raid, he was in command of the post at Seda- 
lia, which was evacuated temporarily by order of 
Gen. E. B. Brown, who was in command. 

In June, 1865, Mr. Crawford married Annie 
E. Barberry, who was born in this county. Her 
father, N. N. Parberry, came from Virginia to 
this section and settled on a farm four miles south 
of Sedalia. Mr. and Mrs. Crawford are mem- 
bers of the First Baptist Church of Sedalia, of 
which the former has been a Trustee for many 
years. Since 1875 they have spent ten summers 
in the Rocky Mountains, and have thoroughly 
enjoyed this recreation. 

In the fall of 1870 Mr. Crawford was elected 
County Recorder of Deeds on the Republican 
ticket, was re-elected four years later, and did 
not retire from the ofiice until January, 1879. 
Subsequently he has been engaged in the abstract, 
title and real-estate business, the firm with which 
he is connected being known as Morey & Craw- 
ford, and he is giving his principal attention to 
real-estate and loan transactions. In company 
with Ira Hinsdale, he laid out West Broadway 

Addition, now the finest residence part of the 
city. He owns a part of the old Spring Fork 
Farm, besides land in other sections of the coun- 
ty. His residence is situated at the corner of 
Sixteenth Street and Kentucky Avenue, one of 
the highest points in the city. He has been 
interested in all public enterprises, and has many 
friends in central Missouri. Fraternally he has 
held many offices in the Masonic order, and has 
been a delegate to county and state conventions of 
the Republican party. It is within his recollec- 
tion when Sedalia was not yet in existence and 
this region was all wild land. As he was reared 
in this section, he has been a witness of its devel- 
opment, and claims it as the garden spot of earth. 
Both he and his family deserve more than passing 


lOSES A. PHILLIPS. The history of 
Johnson County is best told in the lives oi 
its citizens, and it therefore gives us pleas- 
ure to place on the pages of this volume an out- 
line of the life of an old soldier and a prominent 
and successful farmer of township 46, range 28. 
He is the owner altogether of a tract of two hun- 
dred and thirty acres on sections 25, 26 and 27, 
which bears evidence of the care which has been 
bestowed upon it and also of the thrift of the 
owner. Mr. Phillips located upon this tract in 
1870, and is therefore widely known throughout 
this locality, in whose development he has taken 
a prominent part. 

William Phillips, the father of our subject, was 
a native of New Jersey, whence he emigrated to 
Guernsey County, Ohio, where he was residing 
at the time of his decease, when threescore years 
and ten. He was married in his native state to 
Miss Sarah Acre, who also passed away in the 
Buckeye State, being at that time eighty-four 
years of age. To them was granted a family of 
eleven sons and daughters, of whom Elizabeth 
was the eldest; she married Peter Dennis, and 



lives in Cambridge, Ohio. Mary J., who is also a 
resident of that city, is the wife of John Moffatt; 
William H. lives in Osage County, Kan.; lyOuisa 
married George Vansickle, and is now deceased; 
Sarah is the wife of Moses Ogg, a resident of 
Zanesville, Ohio; Moses, of this sketch, was the 
sixth in order of birth; Evaline is now Mrs. John 
Dixon, of Cambridge; Cora L. is living in that 
cit}^ and the other members of the family died 
in infancy. 

Moses A. Phillips was born in or near Cam- 
bridge, Ohio, March 7, 1844. He worked very 
hard when a boy and had very limited privileges 
for obtaining an education. Just when he should 
and could have been in school, the war broke out 
and most of the schoolhouses were closed. Young 
Phillips was an entlnisiastic patriot, and although 
not of age, enlisted, October 15, 1861, in the 
Sixty-second Ohio Infantry, joining Company 
G. His regiment went into camp at Columbus, 
whence they were ordered to report for duty at 
Camp Goddard, Zanesville. Two months later 
they were sent, by way of the Baltimore & Ohio 
Railroad, to Virginia, from which state they made 
their way to Cumberland, Md., and then took up 
the line of march south under Colonel Pond. 

Early in 1862 the Sixty-second Ohio was or- 
dered by David Todd, the Governor of Ohio, to 
report to General Rosecrans, then Commmander 
of the Army of West Virginia. That same day 
they broke camp and went, via the Central Ohio 
Road, to Bellaire, and January 18 took transpor- 
tation on the Baltimore & Ohio Road, arriving 
at Cumberland, Md. , the next afternoon. Janu- 
ary 20 they joined forces with Brigadier-General 
Lander, then went into camp on Patterson Creek. 
February 3 they went by the way of the Balti- 
more &. Ohio Road to Paw Paw Tunnel, and 
subsequently to Cacapon Creek, where they re- 
mained in camp until March 10, when they were 
ordered to Martin's Ferry. The regiment started 
the succeeding day for Winchester, Va., arriving 
there on the 15th, and on the i8th were at Stras- 
burg. They bivouaced there one night, then 
returned to Winchester. 

March 22 the regiment to which our subject 
belonged were placed on picket duty on the march 

from Winchester to Charleston, but on the 23d 
were relieved and ordered to the front, where they 
were attacked by Stonewall Jackson. They were 
then under the command of General Shields, and 
the Ohio regiment, together with an Illinois brig- 
ade, held the center, and after severe fighting 
they were ordered to support a battery. The con- 
flict was a victory for the Union forces, for when 
the regiment was ordered forward on the "double 
quick," they found the enemy flying toward the 
Shenandoah, leaving on the field large numbers 
of their dead and wounded. By this time our 
hero had become accustomed to the whizz of the 
bullets and the shriek of shot and shell, and on the 
next morning resumed march with his regiment. 
They bivouaced while passing Strasburg, and on 
the 25th moved forward, meeting and skirmishing 
with some of Jackson's troops, and causing them, 
as on previous occasions, to retreat. 

Mr. Phillips' regiment returned to Edenburg 
and were in camp there until April 17, when 
they moved forward to New Market. Leaving 
that section of country May 12, they started out 
on what proved to be a very bold march. They 
cro.ssed the range of Shenandoah Mountain, via 
Swift's Gap, and on the 13th marched to Ft. 
Royal, the next day to Chester Gap, and on the 
15th to Great Cross Roads, on the following day 
having a skirmish with the enemy. Marching 
on again to Warrenton, they arrived there on the 
19th, and the following day found them at Catlett 
Station. On the 21st they arrived at Falmouth. 
The regiment had at this time participated in 
seven battles and extended marches, and on the 
23d were reviewed by President Lincoln and Gen- 
erals Shields and McDowell. On the 24th they 
received orders to return to the Shenandoah, 
reaching Catlett the next day; they went thence 
to Haymarket, and arrived at Ft. Royal May 30. 
They left the following day and were kept on the 
march until June 4, experiencing during that time 
the usual hard.ships incident to army life. They 
reached Columbia Bridge that date, and, pressing 
forward, by a forced march reached a point three 
miles from Port Republic. The Ohio regiment 
was in advance, and on meeting with Stonewall 
Jackson's troops were repulsed with heavy loss. 



They returned to Columbia Bridge, thence to Ft. 
Royal, where they went in camp and remained 
until June 20. They then crossed the mountains, 
and June 24 arrived at Whire River, later arriv- 
ing, on the 28th of the month, at Bristol Station, 
on the Orange & Alexandria Railroad. The same 
day they left by steamer for Fortress Monroe, 
Va., thence went to Harrison's Landing, on the 
James River, arriving Jul}' 2, where they were 
stationed doing scouting and pickei duty. In 
July they had several skirmishes with the enemy, 
and on the 24th were assigned to a position on the 
extreme left, v:nder General MacClellan, being in 
active service from July 30 to August 5. 

On the i6tli of August began the famous retreat 
down the peninsula to Yorktown and Fortress 
Monroe. September 2 they were at Suffolk, and 
on the 2ist at Blackwater, whence they returned 
to camp at Suffolk. They made another march on 
the 24th of October, and after a severe encounter 
with the Confederates returned to Suffolk without 
accomplishing much. December i occurred an- 
other engagement, in which several soldiers of the 
enemy were killed. On the 4th another attack 
was made, and on the 31st of December they were 
at Norfolk, on the United States Military Rail- 

On the 4th of January, 1863, the Ohio reg- 
iment was at Beaufort, N. C, thence were ordered 
to Newbern, and from there went to Port Roy- 
al, S. C, arriving there on the 31st of Jan- 
uar}'. They remained on the boat, however, 
and disembarked at St. Helena Island, S. C, 
February 28, returning by a steamer to Coal 
Island April 3. Three days later they were at 
Morris Island, where they had an engagement 
and captured fourteen of the enemy's guns, besides 
other implements of war. They assaulted Ft. 
Wagner, July 18, 1863, and lost heavily. The 
regiment then took part in the siege of Ft. 
Charleston, which lasted from July 10 to October 
31. On the 2d of November they returned to St. 
Helena Island, and in January, 1864, the greater 
part of the regiment re-enlisted, when our subject, 
who also entered the service again as a veteran 
volunteer, was given a thirty-days furlough and 
returned home. 

Mr. Phillips rejoined his regiment February 
22, at Washington, D. C, and March 25 was at 
Camp Grant, three days later going into camp 
one mile and a-half from Fairfax. Without fol- 
lowing this important command through the va- 
rious details and severe experiences of subsequent 
months, it is sufficient to say that the Sixty-sec- 
ond Ohio was among the noted regiments of the 
Union army and made a record to be proud of. 
The regiment took part in the prominent battles 
which decided the issues of the war up to the sur- 
render of Lee, and was under the following com- 
mands, which also shows the great scope of its 
fighting: Generals Brooks, McDowell, Keys, Dix, 
Peck, Foster, Hunter, Gilmore, Burney, Gibbon, 
Ord, Butler, MacClellan, Meade and Grant. On 
the 8th of November, when voting for President, 
one hundred and seventy-.six votes were cast in 
this regiment for Lincoln and seventy-five for 

Our subject was with his regiment nearly all 
the time and in active service. The extent of his 
army experiences may best be shown by men- 
tioning the battles in which he took part, not in- 
cluding, however, the skirmishes through which 
his regiment passed. They were Harrison Land- 
ing, Va., July 4, 1862.; Blackwater, December 13, 
1862; Harrison Landing, S. C, July 10, 1863; 
Ft. Wagner and other engagements in that vicin- 
ity in 1863; Bermuda Hundred, Va., January 16 
and 17, 1864; Strawberry Plains, August 14, 1864; 
Deep Black River, Va., August 16, 1864; Darby- 
town Road, October 13, 1864; Hatcher's Farm, 
November 18, 1864; Ft. Gregg, Va., April 2, 
1865; Rice Station, Va., April 6, 1865; and Appo- 
mattox, April 9, 1865. He was wounded January 
10, 1864, near Petersburg. February 17 of the 
following year he was appointed Corporal of his 
company, and April 9 was taken prisoner, but 
was soon paroled. 

Our subject after the close of the war returned 
to Cambridge a physical wreck after his long con- 
tinued and hard service. He lived in Cambridge 
until the spring of the following year, when he 
moved to Illinois and located on a farm in Doug- 
las Count}'. He later removed to Johnson Coun- 
ty, Kan., locating on an estate near Olathe, where 



he was married, and subsequently moved to a 
farm six miles north of this city. There he re- 
sided for two years, when he came to his present 

Mr. Phillips was married to Miss Melvina E. 
Ferguson, a native of Missouri, whose mother is 
still living in Hoi den. To them were born six 
children, namely: Minnie May; Walter F., who 
married Laura Masters; Mary E., Viola N., 
Nellie V. and Eula A. In politics Mr. Phillips 
is a strong Republican, and belongs to Winfield 
Scott Post No. 63, at Holden. He is honored as 
an old soldier, good citizen, prominent farmer and 
an uprigh; man. 



SHARLES E. NEWELL, who has the repu- 
tation of being one of the most skilled 
machinists in the emplo}- of the Missouri 
Pacific Railway Company, was born in Rochester, 
Strafford County, N. H., in 1840. The family 
has long been identified with the history of the 
United States, and his paternal great-great-grand- 
father, who was a manufacturer of cotton goods, 
participated actively in the War of the Revolution. 
Grandfather Newell, whose Christian name was 
Daniel, was born in Massachusetts, and by occu- 
pation was a cotton manufacturer, being thus 
engaged both in the Bay State and in Rochester, 
N. H. In the War of 1812 he served as a drum- 
mer. His death occurred at the age of eighty- 
four years. 

The father of our subject, Thompson L. Newell, 
was born in Oxbridge, Mass., and engaged in 
the manufacture of cotton goods at Rochester for 
some years. In 1S47 he removed to Exeter, 
thence to Manchester, and at an advanced age 
died in Concord, his remains being interred in a 
cemetery at Manchester. During the Civil War 
he enlisted in the Union army, and took part in 
the first battle of Bull Run. On his return home 

he became Captain of a company of the Fourth 
New Hampshire Infantrj-, and went South with 
them, but the second season he was obliged to re- 
sign on account of physical disability. He was a 
Grand Army member, and a Republican in poli- 
tics. Socially he was a Mason, and in religious 
belief belonged to the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He died at the age of eighty-five years. 

Sophia Tebbetts, as the mother of our subject 
was known in maidenhood, was born in New 
Hampshire, and through her mother traced her 
ancestry to the Hoyts, who were numbered 
among the original English settlers on American 
soil. Her great-great-grandfather Hoyt was a 
manufacturer by occupation and participated in 
the Revolutionary War. Mrs. Sophia Newell 
died at the age of seventy-seven years. She 
reared eight children, and was justly proud of 
the fact that four of her sons were brave defend- 
ers of the Old Flag. LaFayette was a soldier in a 
Massachusetts infantry company, usually known 
as the " Bloody Sixth; " George belonged to the 
Tenth New Hampshire Infantry; Daniel was 
Drum-Major of the Second New Hampshire In- 
fantry; and Samuel, who was a dragoon in the 
Second Cavalry, took part in thirty-eight battles. 
All the sons served until the expiration of their 
period of enlistment, and all are still living. 

The subject of this notice was reared in Man- 
chester until seventeen years of age, meantime 
attending the public and high schools. In 1857 
he went to Dubuque, Iowa, and from there to 
Iowa City, where he was employed in surveying. 
For six months he was similarly engaged in 
Nebraska, -and then went to Pike's Peak, where 
he prospected for sixteen months. Going further 
South, he volunteered in New Mexico against 
the Navajoe Indians, whom he assisted in rout- 
ing. From Santa Fe he returned to Colorado, 
where he resumed work in the mines. In the 
fall of 1862 he returned to his old home, driving 
back with a mule team over the prairies to 
Omaha, and journeying by stage from there to 
St. Joseph, Mo., where he took the steam cars 
for New Hampshire. 

For three years after his return home, Mr. 
Newell was serving an apprenticeship to the ma- 



chinisl's trade in Manchester. In 1866 he went 
to Chicago, and for ten 3'ears was employed in the 
shops of the Rock Island Road. At the request 
of the Master Mechanic of the Missouri, Kansas 
& Texas Railway Company, in 1876 he accepted 
a position in the Sedalia shops, and, coming to 
this city, has since made it his home. At the 
time of the consolidation, in 1881, he became an 
employe of the Missouri Pacific Road, and was 
first toolman in the sliops and later foreman for a 

The residence now occupied by Mr. Newell 
was erected by himself, and is situated at No. 
1008 Massachusetts Street. He was married at 
Boonville, August 15, 1881, to Miss Christine 
Oman, a native of Sweden, and a daughter of 
Peter Oman, a farmer of this county. She was 
reared in Missouri, and is an amiable, refined 
lady, and an active member of the Baptist Church. 
There are two daughters, Ida and Leah, both of 
whom are students of the Sedalia schools. 

In 1886 Mr. Newell was elected Alderman for 
the Third Ward on the Republican ticket, and 
during his two years' service in that capacity was 
Chairman of the Waterworks Committee, and 
was also on the Fire Department and the Finance 
Committees. He has been officially connected 
with Sedalia Lodge No. 170, A. O. U. W., and 
is also a Master Mason. His skill as a mechanic 
has been the means of securing for him the con- 
fidence of the oflScials of the road, and he is recog- 
nized as one of the most practical and capable 
mechanics in the state. 


(TOHN P. McCOY is the fortunate possessor of 
I one of the best farms to be found within the 
G/ bounds of Johnson County. It lies on sec- 
tion 2, township 47, range 27, and consists of two 
hundred and thirty acres. The owner is a prac- 
tical and thorough business man, and owes to his 
own well directed energies his rise to a position 
of prominence and independence. 

The tenth in a family of twelve children, our 
subject was born in Greenbrier County, Va., 
September 14, 1820, his parents being William 
and Agnes (Hanna) McCoy. The former was a 
farmer by occupation, and though he was com- 
pelled to endure many hardships and privations 
made a good living for his large family and met 
with a fair measure of success. He was a man of 
undaunted will and ambition, and lived to attain 
the good old age of eighty years. 

In the primitive schools of his boyhood John 
P. McCoy acquired a general knowledge of ele- 
mentary branches. He was brought up on a 
farm, early becoming accustomed to the duties 
pertaining thereto, and very naturally chose the 
same business for his life's vocation. As the old 
homestead comprised several hundred acres, he 
helped in its cultivation, and year by year assumed 
more responsibility, until the entire management 
devolved on his shoulders. Though the trust 
reposed in him would have been more than manj^ 
a man would have cared to undertake, he was 
equal to the task, and brought forth gratifying 

In 1855, after his father's death, our subject 
wedded Rebecca A. McFerran, who died only 
four years afterward, leaving two children. Floyd, 
a well known farmer of this township, married 
Amanda McCoy, since deceased, and who bore 
him four children. Virginia became the wife of 
Jerry McCoy, a carpenter and farmer of St. Clair 
County, Mo. In i860 Mr. McCoy married Sarah 
E. Watts, a lady of a pleasant, cheerful disposi- 
tion, who has been a faithful companion and 
helpmate. The following children have been the 
result of their union: William and Thomas, now 
helping on the home farm; Warren, a well-to-do 
farmer of Hazle Hill Township, and whose wife 
was formerly a Miss Gibson; Newman, who also 
married Miss Gibson, arid is an agriculturist of 
the same locality as is his next elder brother; 
and Edgar, the youngest. The latter is about 
twenty years of age, and is still at home. 

After his father's estate was settled, Mr. Mc- 
Coy bought out the other heirs and continued to 
cultivate the place until 1870, his mother making 
her home with him. Then selling out, he moved 



to Missouri, and after a few months' stay in La- 
fayette County purchased his present home. His 
family are members of the Methodist Church, 
and stand high in the esteem of all who know 
them. In political matters he is an advocate of 
the Democracy. During his long residence here 
he has gained the friendship of his neighbors and 
acquaintances by his manly and straightforward 


|ARTIN V. B. PAIGE is at present holding 
the office of Justice of the Peace of Green 
idge. In 1889 he was appointed Post- 
master, under Harrison's administration, and for 
four years was the popular and efficient incum- 
bent of that office. He was born in St. Lawrence 
County, N. Y., October 29, 1842, and was the 
second in order of birth of the family born unto 
Anson and Mary J. (Flanders) Paige. 

The father of our subject was born in Vermont, 
but left his native state when a young man and re- 
moved to New York. His good wife, the moth- 
er of Martin, was born in New Hampshire, where 
she was reared to womanhood and where she be- 
came fairly well educated. 

Squire Paige had just passed his eighteenth year 
when the tocsin of war resounded through the 
land. Being fired with the spirit of patriotism, 
he donned the blue and enlisted in Company C, 
Ninety-second New York Infantr}-, being mus- 
tered in at Potsdam, N. Y., in September, 1861. 
He was in active service for four and a-half years, 
during that time participating in all of the many 
engagements in which his regiment took part. 
After a service of three years he re-enlisted and 
was transferred to Company D, Ninety-sixth 
New York Infantry. The same day he was 
transferred he was taken prisoner by the enemy 
and for two weeks was confined in Libby Prison. 
He was then sent to Salisbury, N. C, and for 
four months was there retained as a prisoner of 
war. The reader doubtless knows something 

of the treatment and cruelty to which the Union 
soldiers were subjected, and the exposures and 
hardships which Mr. Paige endured greatly un- 
dermined his health, and he has not been robust 
and strong since that time. He was just on the 
eve of being commissioned Lieutenant of a new 
company when taken prisoner, but upon rejoining 
his regiment he was promoted to be Sergeant and 
on being mustered out was made Commissary- 
Sergeant. Although the war was at an end some 
months previously, he was not mu.stered out until 
February, 1866, his regiment having been re- 
tained to do guard duty. 

On returning to New York State, Mr. Paige 
passed some time in visiting among his relatives 
and friends. March 4, 1866, he bade them adieu, 
and, emigrating westward, located at once in 
Green Ridge. He carried on a farm near this 
place for a number of years, but owing to ill- 
health was obliged to abandon this kind of labor, 
and moved into the village of Green Ridge in 
1883. He owns a comfortable home here and 
with his estimable companion is prepared to 
spend his declining years in the ease and enjoy- 
ment which he so much deserves. 

Squire Paige was married, in 1865, to Miss 
Marilla, daughter of Rufus and Diantha F. (Ir- 
win) Austin. Both the Irwin and Austin fami- 
lies were quite prominent in the East. Mrs. 
Paige died two years after her marriage, and in 
1869 our subject chose for his second companion 
Miss Mariette P. Austin, a sister of his first wife. 
Eight children were born of this union, of whom 
the eldest, Sophronia, is deceased. David E. is a 
resident of Lamonte, this state. The others are 
Charles A., Ora E., Dora, Lucia, George H. and 
Roy, all of whom are at home with their parents. 
Both Mr. and Mrs. Paige are members in good 
standing of the Congregational Church 

Squire Paige, although having been in public 
life for many years, maintains an unblemished 
reputation as a man of integrity and honor. He 
is an uncompromising Republican in politics, and 
for many years served the people as Constable 
and Justice of the Peace, being the incumbent of 
the latter office at the present time. While Post- 
master he was popular in his official capacity, 



discharging the duties of the position with char- 
acteristic fidelity and to the satisfaction of all 
concerned. Sociall}' he is a member of the An- 
cient Order of United Workmen, and as a Grand 
Army man belongs to E. D. Baker Post No. 68. 



MAMUEL C. GRAHAM, one of the exten- 
2\ tive land-owners of Johnson County, is a 
\~J worthy representative of one of her old and 
honored families. He has owned and carried on 
his present farm for upwards of fiftj'-five years, 
but the original one hundred and sixty acres 
which he entered in 1840 is now onl}' a part of 
his possessions, which now number over eight 
hundred acres. He maj^ well be proud of his 
success, for he has been unassisted save by his 
faithful and thrifty wife, who was called to the 
home beyond July 3, 1889, and whose loss has 
been deeply mourned among her many old friends 
and neighbors. 

Since 1834 the Grahams have been closely as- 
sociated with the development and welfare of this 
section. Robert, the father of our subject, served 
on the first grand jury convened in this county, 
the court being held iinder some elm trees, on the 
old Nicholas Haux Farm, near Columbus. Later 
he represented the Democratic party as Associate 
Judge and Assessor of the county. He was a 
native of Virginia, and was born in 1780, but his 
parents were of Irish birth. They left the Emer- 
ald Isle a short time before the War of the Revo- 
lution and settled in the Old Dominion. When 
the Colonies proclaimed their independence, the 
father shouldered his gun and fought in the cause 
of freedom. Robert Graham, on reaching man's 
estate, wedded Catherine Crockett, who was born 
at Crockett's Cove. In 1833 the couple, with their 
family and a few household effects, started over- 
land, bound for this state. At the end of a forty- 
two-dajs journe}^ thej- stopped in Boone County, 
Mo., where they spent the following winter. Sub- 

sequently they became residents of this county, 
spending the remainder of their lives on a place 
three miles west of Hazle Hill. With the ex- 
ception of a few months spent in merchandising 
in old Virginia, Mr. Graham's life was devoted 
to farming. Both he and his wife were members 
of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Fra- 
ternally he was long a member of the Masonic 

Samuel C. Graham is one of six children, and 
the eldest of his father's family. Mary E. is the 
wife of Nathan A. Fields, of Henry County; 
James J. is the third in the family now living; 
and Margaret A. is the widow of John Scott, and 
now makes her home in Henry County. Robert 
C. and John G. are deceased. The former, who 
was born in 1818, was a successful farmer of this 
county, and died at the age of fifty-two years. 
John G. is mentioned at greater length in the 
sketch of Robert B. Graham, which appears else- 
where in this work. 

A native of Black Lick, Wythe County, Va., 
our subject was born December 14, 18 14. He 
received a common-school education, and was 
eighteen years of age, when with his parents he 
emigrated westward. He was of great assistance 
to his father in clearing his land and making rails 
for fences. He continued to live under the pa- 
rental roof until twenty-six years of age, learn- 
ing lessons of industry, thrift and economy, which 
stood him in good stead in his subsequent life 
work. In 1837, when the Osage Indian War 
broke out, he and his brother Robert C. took 
their muskets and fought until the termination of 
hostilities, and in 1838, during the Mormon 
troubles, our subject's services were once more 
called into requisition. Good teachers were scarce 
in Missouri when Mr. Graham arrived here, and 
he taught in the subscription schools of both 
Boone and Johnson Counties for a number of 
terms. In 1840 he invested the money which he 
had carefully saved from his salary in one hun- 
dred and sixty acres, a portion of his present home- 
stead. His advancement from this time onward 
was sure, and prosperity usually crowned his 

March 26, 1840, a marriage ceremony was per- 



formed by which Margaret, daughter of James 
and Rachel (Barnett) Hobson, became the wife 
of our subject. To them were born nine chil- 
dren, of whom all but three are yet living. John 
H., the eldest, is a successful farmer of Chilhowee 
Township. His first wife was a Miss Alice 
Woolery, and to them were born two children. 
The lady who now bears his name was formerly 
Miss Sarah McFarland. Robert C, who is now 
managing his father's farm with abilit\-, married 
Josie White, by whom he has one child. Nancy 
E. is the wife of W. W. Marr, a successful farm- 
er and dealer in livestock in Arkansas. J. Crock- 
ett, who is numbered among the progressive 
farmers of Bates County, Mo., married Miss Kate 
White, bj' whom he has three children. Samuel 
B. , an enterprising young farmer of this county, 
married L,aura Glass, and has one child. William 
A. married Lula Glass, and like his elder broth- 
ers is giving his attention to agricultural pursuits. 
In his political affiliations, Samuel C. Graham 
is a supporter of the Democracy. His reminis- 
cences of pioneer days are deeply interesting. He 
well remembers when he has seen a herd of fifty 
deer only a short distance from the home. For 
forty-five years he has been a devoted member 
of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, and his 
name is always found among the subscribers to 
worthy charities. Fraternally he is a member of 
the Masonic society. A man of jovial disposition 
and genial manner, he has won hosts of friends 
among all classes. 


(Judge W. H. NICHOLS, of Sedalia, who 
I is now serving as Judge of the Probate 
V2/ Court of Pettis Count}', was born in Seneca 
County, Ohio, at the old Rock Creek Mill in Tif- 
fin, on the 13th of August, 1836, and is a son of 
Daniel K. Nichols, a native of Berkeley County, 
W. Va. The father emigrated to Ohio in 1831, 
moving with horse and wagon, and began milling 
in the old Rock Creek Mill, near which he lived 

in a stone house, one of the first built in that lo- 
cality. Later, however, in 1842, he went to 
Lower Sandusky, and engaged in milling; but 
ten years later located near Ft. Seneca, Seneca 
County, Ohio, where with a partner he operated 
a mill until his death, which occurred in 1858, at 
the age of fifty-five years. Formerly he was a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but 
later in life became a Universalist. His wife, 
who in her maidenhood was Susan Rhineberger, 
was born in Berkeley County, W. Va., and was a 
daughter of Henry Rhineberger, who was of 
German descent, and died in Ohio at the age of 
seventy-five. Mrs. Nichols passed away in 1866, 
at the age of fifty-six, a consistent member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. By her marriage 
ghe became the mother of nine children, but only 
three are yet living. 

Judge Nichols, the youngest of the family, 
was reared to manhood in Seneca and Sandusky 
Counties, where his primary education was re- 
ceived, though he later attended Heidelberg Col- 
lege for two years. On completing his literary 
course he began teaching, which profession he 
followed for two terms. He then worked with 
his father in the mill for two years, when, in 1857, 
he started for California, going by way of New 
York and the Panama route to Orleans Flat, on 
the Yuba River. Later he went to near Truckee 
Lake, where he was employed during the sum- 
mer, but the following spring we find him at the 
Frazier River. After returning to Jackson, Cal., 
he prospected there for several months, and later 
was employed by a lumber firm as a bookkeeper 
and collector for three years. He then clerked 
in a general store in Jackson until the fire of 1863, 
when he went to the copper mines, where he en- 
gaged in prospecting, meeting with excellent 
success. On the ist of January, 1864, he re- 
turned to Ohio by the same route as he had left it. 

In July of the same year, Mr. Nichols enlisted 
in Company C, One Hundred and Eightieth 
Ohio Volunteer Infantry, and the company was 
organized at Camp Chase. He was mustered in 
for one year's service, and with the regiment pro- 
ceeded to Deckerdtown, Tenn., guarding Sher- 
man's rear. From there thev went to Columbia, 



from which place they returned, later embarking 
by rail and steamer for Camp Stoneman. On the 
voyage the measles broke out and many of the 
regiment died. At Newbern, N. C, they were 
engaged in guarding the railroad, the regiment 
being a part of the Twenty-third Corps, com- 
manded by General Schofield, but later by Gen- 
eral Ruger. They participated in the engage- 
ment at Kingston, where they lost heavily, and 
then joined Sherman, assisting in the capture of 
General Johnston. They were then sent to Char- 
lotte, N. C, where they remained until mustered 
out of service. Mr. Nichols was first Orderly- 
Sergeant, but later was promoted to the rank of 
Second Lieutenant of Company B, One Hundred 
and Eightieth Volunteer Infantry. He saw much 
hard service, but was never in the hospital for a 
single day, and valiantly aided his country in the 
defense of the Union. 

On his return to Ohio, in July, 1S65, he bought 
an interest in a mill, which he operated until the 
spring of 1868, when he sold out and by team 
and wagon came to Missouri. He had no desti- 
nation in view, but as Sedalia pleased him, he de- 
cided here to locate, when it was a thriving little 
town with but one bank and a few stores. Pur- 
chasing a farm in Washington Township, he con- 
tinued its improvement and cultivation until the 
spring of 1888, when he located in the city, but 
still owns that place, which is a valuable tract of 
one hundred and seven acres. 

At Ft. Seneca, Ohio, in 1866, Mr. Nichols 
wedded Miss Janet E. Abbott, a native of that 
place and a daughter of Lorenzo Abbott, the lat- 
ter of whom was born in Massachusetts, but came 
from New York to Ohio in 1820. By this union 
have been born three children: Edith and Janet, 
who are at home; and Raymond Henry, who at- 
tends the public schools. 

At one time Mr. Nichols served as Deputy- As 
sessor of Sedalia, and in 1890 was made register 
clerk in the postoffice, being appointed by Cap- 
tain Demuth. He continued under that gentle- 
man for four years, during which time he was al- 
ways on duty, never missing a single day. In 
the fall of 1894 he was elected Probate Judge of 
Pettis County, which office he is now filling with 

credit and ability. In the cause of education he 
takes considerable interest, and served as School 
Director for some time. In politics he is a stanch 
Republican, having supported that party since its 
organization. He holds membership with Equity 
Lodge No. 26, A. O. U. W.; and George R. 
Smith Post No. 53, G. A. R., in which for three 
years he was Adjutant. In business Mr. Nich- 
ols is honest and straightforward, and success has 
usually attended his efforts, making him now one 
of the substantial citizens of Pettis County. We 
thus note, in the history of this gentleman, a ca- 
reer of more than ordinary interest. 

pCJlLLIAM F. HANSBERGER, the popular 
lAi Alderman from the Fourth Ward, who 
YY was elected on the Democratic ticket in 
the spring of 1892, is Chairman of the Commit- 
tees on Taxes, and Lighting, and belongs to near- 
Ij- every other committee on the Board. In 1878 
he commenced traveling for the National Mail 
Company, and in 1881 began taking contracts 
for mail routes, having at the present time over 
five hundred of such contracts. The importance 
of his work may be estimated when it is known 
that he is obliged to give bonds double the 
amount of mail pa}^ over $200,000, all in real 
estate. Associated with him are W. H. and J. 
R. Owens. 

Grandfather Henry Hansberger, who was an 
extensive planter of Rockingham County, Va., 
died in his seventy-third year, on the old home- 
stead, which was a grant of land given to his an- 
cestors by Lord Fairfax. He was a soldier in the 
War of 181 2, belonging to a State Militia com- 
pany. Our subject's father, Layton J. Hansber- 
ger, was born on the same old farm in Rocking- 
ham County, and was a minister of the Southern 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and a member of 
the Virginia Conference. He preached in all 
portions of the state, until shortly before his 
death, which occurred near Lynchburg, in 1877, 



when he was about seventy years of age. His 
marriage was celebrated about 1840, with Martha 
T. French, a native of Prince William County, 
Va. Her father, William French, was a Captain 
in the War of 18 12, and owned the fine planta- 
tion known as "Green Level," near Brentsville. 
Mrs. Hansberger died at the home of our subject 
in Sedalia, in 1890, being past her seventieth 
year. Her six children are all still living. 

On the paternal side our subject is of German 
descent, while on the maternal side he is of Eng- 
lish origin. He was born near Brentsville, Va., 
forty miles from Washington, D. C, May 25, 
1843, and with his father resided in various places, 
owing to the fact that the latter was a Methodist 
minister. He was educated in the Episcopal 
Academy, at Fredericksburg, Va., and was pre- 
paring to enter Randolph- Macon College when 
the war broke out. March 10, 1861, he enlisted 
in the Confederate service under Major Belden, 
in Stuart's brigade, being assigned to the cavalry. 
Eater he was in Chambers' brigade, William 
Henry Lee's division, Stuart's corps. He par- 
ticipated in the seven-days fight near Richmond, 
went with Stuart's troops on their raid, was 
active in the battles of Gettysburg, Yellow Tav- 
ern, Appomattox and Fredericksburg, and until 
the surrender of Richmond helped to defend that 
city. Though he had many narrow escapes he 
was never wounded, nor was he ever in the hos- 
pital. He lost about sixteen horses, nearly every 
one of them being shot, and his last horse was 
one which had cost him $25,000 in Confederate 
money. After surrendering at Appomattox, he 
started with Gen. Fitzhugh Lee to Mexico; he 
turned back, however, was paroled in June, and 
took the oath of allegiance in 1865. 

From that time until 1867 Mr. Hansberger 
taught school in Halifax County, Va. The fol- 
lowing year he went to Cumberland County, that 
state, and in August, 1869, came to Pettis Coun- 
ty. For a few years he taught in different dis- 
tricts in this region, and in 1875 was elected 
County School Commissioner for a two-year term, 
during which time he also conducted schools. In 
1878 his connection with the mail service began, 
and in the discharge of his duties he traveled from 

Maine to California, and from Florida to British 
Columbia. His contracts comprised every state 
and territory, and at the present time his 
longest route is one of two hundred and seventy 
miles. For several years he was in the real-es- 
tate business here, and laid out Hansberger Ad- 
dition, which lies between Broadway and Ninth 
Street, and Harrison and Grand Avenues. At 
the corner of Broadway and Harrison Avenue, 
he built his own comfortable and commodious 
residence. At various times he has been inter- 
ested in different building and loan associations, 
and was the first President of the Equitable As- 

In Meadville, Va., Mr. Hansberger and Mary 
E. Henderson were united in marriage, in 1866. 
The lady died in this county in 1877, leaving 
three children: James W., now of Des Moines, 
Iowa; and Martha F. and MoUie E., who are at 
home. January 6, 1880, Mary Owens became 
the wife of our subject. She was born in Dela- 
ware, and reared in Cass County, Mo., but came 
to this city to live in December, 1878. The only 
child of the second marriage is Vivian, who was 
born January 28, 1889. Fraternally Mr. Hans- 
berger is a member of the Benevolent and Pro- 
tective Order of Elks. 

QETER PEHL, the proprietor of the Fulton 
LX Market Bar, is a man who is well known all 
[^ over the state. He has been very success- 
ful in his business, and has accumulated a com- 
fortable living in this line of trade. His birth oc- 
curred in Ems, province of Hesse- Nassau, July 
27, 1855. His father, who was also a native of 
the same town, was a manufacturer of building 
materials and also erected factories. His entire 
life was passed in his native land. 

The mother of our subject, who was former- 
ly Kathrina Wagner, and also died in Germany, 
was the daughter of Philip Wagner. The latter, 



who was in Napoleon's army, made the march to 
Russia with his soldiers and was wounded during 
his service. In civil life he was a fanc}' weaver 
by trade. In the parental family were ten chil- 
dren, four of whom are still living. Peter is the 
eldest and the only one in America; William is 
an officer in the German navy ; and two sisters are 
living in the Fatherland. 

Our subject's boyhood years were passed in 
Ems, and he later spent some time in Stuttgart 
and Freiberg. For four years he was apprenticed 
to learn the hotel and restaurant business, and in 
1874 came to America, leaving Hamburg on a 
vessel bound for New York. September 2 of 
that year he arrived at Sedalia. In 1879 he went 
to Parsons, Kan., and opened a place, but re- 
turned to this city in 1882 and opened the Faust 
Restaurant on Osage Street, taking Charles Kob- 
rock into partnership. In 18S9 Mr. Kobrock 
and our subject dissolved partnership, the latter 
establishing the which he now carries 
on January 6, 1S95. The Fulton Market Restau- 
rant, Oyster-house and Bar occupies a building 
with a frontage of seventy feet on Second Street, 
near Ohio, and is a place which receives a liberal 

July I, 1894, Andrew Gardella took charge of 
the restaurant. He is very popular and quite 
well known all over the state, and the house in 
consequence does quite an extensive business. 
Our subject is also interested in Pehl & Riley's 
Bar, on Ohio Street, between Third and Fourth, 
and also owns considerable valuable real estate. 
He owns seventy feet fronting on Second Street, 
occupied by three storerooms, about seventy feet 
on Osage Avenue, occupied by a livery, and a 
fine property on Wilkerson Street and Harrison 

In Sedalia, September 15, 1S86, occurred the 
marriage of our subject and Miss Augusta Bartel, 
a native of Pomerania, Germany. Two children 
have come to bless their home, to whom have 
been given the names of Carl and Otto. Mr. Pehl 
is a charter member of the Liquor Dealers' Ben- 
evolent Association, and is a member of the Su- 
preme Council of the State Liquor Dealers' Asso- 
ciation, acting as delegate to their convention 

held in St. Louis in 1892. Politically he is a 
member of the Democratic party, in whose ranks 
he is an active worker. Socially he is identified 
with the Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks, 
the D. O. H., in which he is past officer, and the 
Sons of Herman, in which he has also held of- 

(lASPER McFARLAND has been numbered 

I among the progressive agriculturists of John- 
Q) son County for the past ten j'ears and is the 
owner of a well improved homestead on section 
35, township 47, range 27. He is one of the na- 
tive sons of Missouri, his birth having taken place 
in Ste. Genevieve County, January 15, 1838. 

Joseph and Mary E. McFarland, the parents 
of our subject, were born in North Carolina, and 
were married in Missouri. The father was but 
four years of age when, in 1812, he was brought 
by his parents to this state, and from that time 
until his death he continued to live within its 
boundaries. A man of genial and kindly nature, 
he had many friends, and no one was ever turned 
away from his door hungry. When he was sum- 
moned to his last reward, in 1861, his loss was 
deeply felt by the entire community. 

Jasper McFarland was the third in a family of six 
children, and he and one sister, Mrs. Mary An- 
derson, are the only survivors. He received a 
fair education, and on arriving at man's estate 
looked around for a companion and helpmate. 
His choice fell on Cordelia S. , daughter of Carroll 
and Sarah (McFarland) George, who were pio- 
neers of Cooper and Morgan Counties. The mar- 
riage of the young couple was celebrated March 
27, 1864, and shortly after this event they moved 
to Nebraska, where our subject was engaged in 
freighting on the plains. 

Returning to Missouri in 1867, Mr. McFarland 
rented -land in Cass County, and then for a year 
leased a farm in this county. His next venture 
was to invest in property in Bates County, and 
from that time he seemed to prosper, as he was 



very ambitious and devoted every spare hour to 
the end he had in view. Finding that there was 
money in handling livestock, he bought and sold 
cattle in connection with his other employment. 
After a residence of sixteen years in Bates Coun- 
ty, he purchased his present home of eighty acres, 
in 18S5, and has the tract under good cultiva- 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. McFarland has 
been blessed by two children, Flora L- and Sarah 
E. The elder daughter, a very intelligent and 
accomplished young lady, is engaged in teaching 
school, and the younger is the wife of David L- 
Yancey, a well-to-do farmer of Lafayette County, 

In manner our subject is pleasant and court- 
eous, readily making friends of all with whom he 
comes in contact. He uses his franchise in favor 
of Democratic nominees and principles, and relig- 
iously is identified with the Southern Methodist 

PjANIEL E. KENNEDY, of Sedaha, is a suc- 
I ^1 cessful and rising young attorney-at-law. He 
\(*) opened an office for practice here December 
I, 1 89 1, choosing this enterprising and progress- 
ive city on account of the great faith he had in 
its future, and believing, with many others, that 
it would eventually be made the capital of the 
state. Since the organization of the Midland 
Savings and Loan Company, he has been their 
legal adviser. 

Mr. Kennedy is a native of Keokuk, Iowa, his 
birth having occurred in that beautiful little city 
January 6, 1865, but his father, John, was born 
in County Tipperary, Ireland. The grandfather, 
Patrick, a practical accountant, emigrated to 
America with his family, first locating in New 
York, and later moved to Keokuk, where his 
death occurred. John Kennedy was a mere lad 
when he reached the shores of the New World, 
and grew to manhood in Troy, N. Y., there 

learning the trade of stone-cutting. In 1856 he 
went westward to Keokuk and engaged in 'con- 
tracting and building. Subsequently he aided in 
the construction of the Des Moines Rapids Canal, 
on the Mississippi River at Keokuk, having a 
contract for part of the stonework. In 1876 he 
took up his abode on a farm in Clark County, 
Mo., but a few years afterward retired from busi- 
ness and returned to his former home in Keokuk. 
His wife, who before her marriage was Julia C. 
Coughlin, was likewise born in Ireland (in the 
city of Waterford ) , and was left an orphan in 

D. E. Kennedy is the youngest in a family of 
five children who grew to maturity and are still 
living. He was reared in Keokuk and Clark 
County, Mo., and was given the advantages of a 
good common and high school education. Aft- 
er completing his studies he engaged in farm- 
ing and .stock-raising in Clark County, and be- 
sides did a general merchandise business for sev- 
eral years. He also traveled to some extent, and 
in February, 1888, was appointed Postmaster of 
Revere, Clark County, by President Cleveland. 
This position he resigned September 12, 1888, in 
order to devote his time exclusively to the study 
of law. Going to Kahoka, Mo., he entered the 
office of J. M. Wood and T. L. Montgomery. 
The same year Mr. Wood was elected Attorney- 
General of Missouri, and in the fall our subject 
was appointed Deputy-Sheriff by SheriffFletcher, 
of Clark County, and served as such until the 
close ot his term, in January, 1889. That spring 
he was made Deputy Circuit Clerk under B. F. 
Waggener, remaining in that capacity until the 
fall of 1 89 1. In less than two years after he had 
first taken up his legal studies, he was admitted 
to the Bar at Memphis, Scotland County, Mo., 
the date of the event being August 14, 1890. In 
the spring preceding he was a candidate on the 
Democratic ticket for nomination to the office of 
Probate Judge of Clark County, and was defeated 
by only one vote. He commenced his future 
work in Kahoka, where he conducted a general 
practice until the close of 189 1. His present office 
is centrally located, in the Ilgenfritz Building. 

In his social relations Mr. Kennedy is a mem- 


ber of Fleur De Lis Division and Queen City 
Lodge No. 52, K. of P., and the order of Elks. 
He is a charter member of the Royal Tribe of 
Joseph (his name having been the first one placed 
on the list of its founders in this city ) , and is 
Chancellor of Sedalia Council No. 25, St. Louis 
L. of H. Moreover he is Chief Sir Knight of the 
Knights of Father Mathew, and is Secretary of 
the local branch of the Catholic Knights of Amer- 
ica. A member of the Sacred Heart Catholic 
Church, he has been one of its Trustees, and is 
Secretary of the Sedalia Free Library Board of 
Trustees. He is recognized as a leader in the 
ranks of the Democratic party and is very popular 
with all. 


IILLIAM H. HEIZER, who is engaged in 
general farming on a well improved home- 
stead on section 25, township 47, range 
27, has been extremely successful as a stock feed- 
er, possessing a practical knowledge of the busi- 
ness which has wrought out for him a fortune. 
It is a notable fact that his cattle and those of a 
neighbor bring the highest market prices of any 
raised in this vicinity. 

Cyrus Heizer, father of William H., was born 
in Virginia about 18 15, and moved to Ohio when 
he was a child of six or seven years, passing his 
youth on a farm. For his life partner he chose 
Jane E. Cripps, and soon afterwards settled in 
Ross County, where he became one of the lead- 
ing agriculturists. In the fall of 1867 he came 
West, and his remaining years were spent on a 
farm about a quarter of a mile from our subject's 
present home. His death, which occurred April 
II, 1891, was universally mourned and was felt 
to be a loss to the entire community. His fam- 
ily numbered five children, and all but one are 
still living. 

The birth of William Heizer occurred in Ross 
County, Ohio, September i, 1844, and he re- 
ceived a limited education in the common school, 

remaining under the parental roof until reach- 
ing maturity. September 26, 1867, he married 
Susanna, daughter of John and Mary (Carmian) 
Jones, honored old settlers of Ohio. The young 
couple continued to dwell in his father's old home 
for a year and a-half, our subject renting part of 
the place. 

In 187 1 Mr. Heizer rented another tract, and 
continued to lease land until 1874, when his fa- 
ther gave him forty acres. In 1880 he found 
him.self the owner of a good-sized homestead, and 
three years later he erected a handsome residence 
on the site of his former dwelling. To his original 
forty acres he has since added one hundred and 
twenty acres adjoining, and in 1887 bought one 
hundred and twenty acres more. From 1876 to 
1878 he lived on a rented farm, but since 1880 
has resided on his own farm. 

Mr. and Mrs. Heizer have had eight children, 
of whom six are still living. David E. , who mar- 
ried Nettie Crutcher, of Oklahoma, assists in the 
management of the home place and lives just east 
of it. Alberta, Mertis and Mary are living with 
their parents; and Addison and Calvin are promis- 
ing young men, aged seventeen and fifteen years, 
respectively . 

Religiously Mr. Heizer adheres to the faith of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. On pol- 
itical questions he has ever been a stalwart sup- 
porter of Republican principles and nominees. 
His hospitality is known far and wide, and we 
are pleased to give this representative citizen a 
place in the annals of Johnson County. 

jcjEORGE W. GAUNT, bookkeeper at the 
l_ Greaves & Ruff Mill at Kingsville, has been 
[^ a valued and reliable assistant of this firm 
since 1882. He is a gentleman of good business 
qualifications, and attends to all the accounts and 
performs all the clerical work of this large estab- 



Anthony Gaunt, the father of our subject, was 
born in New York City, and when a lad of ten 
or twelve years emigrated to Kentucky, where 
he learned the trade of cabinet-maker. He sub- 
sequently established himself in business as a 
dealer in furniture in Lexington, that state, and 
at the same time carried on a good business as a 
grocery man. He succeeded in the various lines of 
business which he undertook, and at the time of 
his decease, in 1833, was well-to-do, leaving his 
family well provided for. 

Our subject' smother, formerly Mary Campbell, 
was a native of Maryland, and a ladj^ of :;cotch 
extraction. She survived her husband for many 
years, departing this life in Lafayette County, 
this state, in 1857. Her family numbered two 
sons besides our stibject: William, engaged in the 
insurance business at Holden, this state, where 
he also fills the position of Justice of the Peace; 
and John, who gives his attention to steamboat- 
ing in St. Louis. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Lexing- 
ton, Ky., July 27, 1828, and there he passed his 
boyhood days. When fourteen years old, in 
company with his mother and brothers, he came 
to Missouri and located in Lafayette Countj^, 
where, as before stated, the mother lived until 
her death. George W. was industrious and am- 
bitious, and in 1849, being seized with the gold 
fever, he drove a team of oxen for a companj- of 
freighters to California. He was, however, com- 
pelled to leave his oxen before reaching the Gold- 
en State and completed the journey with the aid 
of mules. He was six months in reaching his 
destination, and for the first few months met with 
very poor success. He made his way up the 
Feather River, and began placer-mining, in which 
he was very successful. 

Mr. Gaunt remained in California for a period 
of two jears, and at the end of that time determin- 
ed to return home, this time taking the Isthmus 
route. He landed on that narrow stretch of land 
and walked from Panama to the Chagres River, 
where he boarded a large skiff which convej-ed him 
down the stream to Chagres, and there he boarded 
a steamer for New York. Although on the whole 
the journey was a pleasant one, it had its draw- 

backs, but Mr. Gaunt will never regret the expe- 
rience of crossing the plains, and also the novel 
return home. 

Our subject continued to reside in Lexington 
until 1867, when he came to Johnson County, 
and for four years was occupied in farming. His 
next undertaking was carpentering, and later he 
engaged in the lumber business in Kingsville. 
Several years afterward he took a trip to Colo- 
rado prospecting, and among other places visited 
was Alpine. He was in that state just one year, 
when for a second time he returned home, and for 
twelve months gave his attention to the lumber 
business. This brings him to 1882, the year in 
which his services were engaged by the present 
milling company. 

On reaching his majority, Mr. Gaunt cast his 
first Presidential vote for General Scott, and 
ever since then he has upheld the principles of 
the Democratic part}'. He is a member in excel- 
lent standing of the Christian Church, and enjoys 
the good-will and friendship of all who know 

' — ^ m(^ — • 

HENRY K. BENTE, senior member of the 
firm of Bente & Wilson, was born in Coop- 
er County, Mo., July 8, 1866, being a son 
of Henry and Dorothy (Kropp) Bente. The for- 
mer, anativeof Hesse-Cassel, Germany, emigrat- 
ed to America in 1845, and settled near Green- 
ville, Ohio. Ten years later he commenced farm- 
ing in Heath Creek Township, Pettis County, 
and at the time of his retirement, in i860, his 
property was very valuable. He died in 1891, 
when nearly seventy years of age. Though he 
was a cripple , he volunteered for service in the 
Union arm}', but was rejected. His wife, a na- 
tive of the same German province, died in Janu- 
ary, 1893, when in her fifty-eighth year. They 
were both members of the Cumberland Presby- 
terian Church. Their eldest son. Rev. C. H., is 
a minister in a Congregational Church in St. 
Louis, Mo., while the others, W. A., John M., 


J. Y., George and Charles, are farmers near Otter- 
ville, Mo., and the only daughter, Minnie, also 
resides in that vicinity. 

The early years of H. K. Bente were passed on 
a farm and his education was completed in Otter- 
ville College, from which he graduated in 1890, 
with the degree of Bachelor of Arts. For a time 
he was Principal of the Otterville public school, 
but in 1891 he entered the University of Michigan, 
graduating from the legal department two years 
later, with the degree of Bachelor of Laws. Aft- 
er practicing for six months in the office of Judge 
Shirk, he became a member of the firm with 
which he is now identified. He owns a share in 
the old homestead of three hundred and twenty- 
five acres in Cooper County. 

In politics Mr. Bente is a Democrat, and frater- 
nally is a charter member of the Royal Tribe of 
Joseph. He is also a member of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, and is in every respect a 
young man of sterling character. 

NENRY C. KING, an industrious and thor- 
ough farmer of Johnson County, is engaged 
in raising grain and stock on his farm in 
township 47, range 27. He is a native of Wash- 
ington County, Va., and made his appearance 
upon the stage of this life February 28, 1854, He 
is the fourth child in the family of ten born to 
James A. and Miranda E. (Doran) King, of 
whom only four are now living. The father was 
born in the same county as our subject, in the year 
1822, and there grew to manhood, being reared to 
the occupation of a farmer. He made that his 
life work, and remained in his native state until 
his death, which occurred in April, 1894. During 
the Civil War he entered the Confederate army, 
serving with distinction through that important 
epoch in our nation's historj'. His genial, kind- 
ly nature won him man}' friends, and his death 
was sincerely mourned. 

In the common schools of the Old Dominion, 
Henry C. King, the subject of this .sketch, ac- 
quired the elements of a good "education, and as- 
sisted in the cultivation of the home farm. On 
reaching man's estate, for two years he followed 
agricultural pursuits in Virginia, when he decid- 
ed to come to Missouri. In December, 1879, he 
turned his face westward and started for his des- 
tination. After his arrival in this state he fol- 
lowed farming for one year, and then embarked 
in the patent-right business, meeting with such 
excellent success that he resolved to become an 
agent. Securing a position with a Kansas City 
publishing house, he traveled for that firm for 
two years to the entire satisfaction of his employ- 
ers, who made him a very flattering offer if he 
would remain with them; but his health having 
failed, he was advised by his physician to give up 
the work. Although a disappointment to him, 
with undaunted spirit he resumed farming, which 
he still continues. 

The marriage of Mr. King was celebrated on 
the 3d of June, 1885, when Miss Martha N. Bar- 
nett became his wife. She is a daughter of Fin- 
ley E. and Esculania (Rankin) Barnett, who are 
numbered among the valued residents of this 
state. Unto our subject and his wife have been 
born five children, but death has claimed two. 
Those living are Vera Katy, Sallie Van Lear 
and Arthur Lloyd, aged four and two years and 
eight months, respectively. They are charming 
little people and the joy and pride of the house- 

For some eight years Mr. King operated rent- 
ed farms, but in 1S91 he purchased his present 
place, a valuable tract of one hundred and five 
acres, which he is placing under a high state of 
cultivation. He is industrious, energetic and pro- 
gressive, and his farm already shows evidence 
of his skill. Personally and in a business sense 
he is popular among his neighbors and is consid- 
ered a valuable addition to the community. Pol- 
itically he is a supporter of the Democratic party 
and its principles, while religiousl}' both he and 
his wife are consistent members of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church and rank among the repre- 
sentative people of the county. 




I EWIS W. PEMBERTON, an extensive 
IC agriculturist living on section i, township 
LJ 44, range 29, Johnson County, is a native 
of Albemarle County, Va., his birth having oc- 
curred December 2, 18 19. Before he was twenty- 
one years of age he joined the force organized 
for the purpose of driving the Mormons out of 
the state, but his services were not called into 
requisition. He is also a veteran of the late war, 
having been a member of the Confederate army. 

The parents of the above-named gentleman 
were Henry and Mildred (Wood) Pemberton, 
both of whom were of English descent. They 
moved from their native state, Virginia, to Saline 
County, Mo., in 1833, and resided on a farm 
there about seven years. Then, coming to John- 
son Count}^ the father entered a large tract of 
land, as he had eleven children and wished to 
settle property on each one of them. Of the en- 
tire number, our subject is the only survivor, 
but most of them grew to maturity, married and 
left families. The father died in 1843, and his 
wife departed this life in August, 1868. 

Lewis W. Pemberton received good common- 
school advantages, and on reaching his majority 
was given a quarter-section of land by his father. 
He at once set to work to improve the place, 
built a house where his present home now stands, 
and made many other important changes. De- 
siring a helpmate in life's battles, he was mar- 
ried, in November, 1849, to Mrs. Rebecca David, 
nee Baker. To them were born a daughter and 
son: Ella F., who married Chalmers Wood, of 
Lexington, Mo., and died, leaving four children; 
and Harry L-, a farmer of this locality, whose 
wife died in 1894, leaving him four children. 
Mrs. Rebecca Pemberton was called to her last 
rest in 1863. 

In July, 1862, our subject enlisted in Company 
E, Tenth Missouri Cavalry, and took part in the 
battle of Little Rock, Ark. He then assisted in 
leading Steele's army into ambush, and fought 
Smith's forces all day at Dick's Bayou, Ark. 
Soon afterward he and his comrades tried to 
capture Pine Bluff, but failed, and when Price 
made his last raid into Missouri, in 1864, he was 
in the charge on the fortifications at Pilot Knob 

and in all the engagements of that campaign, in- 
cluding Jefferson City and the one fought at Glas- 
gow, in Howard County. In the battle near In- 
dependence a bullet grazed his coat collar, and 
his horse was wounded at Drywood, Kan., but 
he never received injuries. After Price's raid he 
was not on duty on account of sickness, and was 
near Sherman, Tex., at the time of Lee's sur- 

In August, 1865, Mr. Pemberton- returned 
home. During his absence his wife and children 
had lived in Warrensburg, where the former had 
died at the home of her father. Afterward the 
children went to Saline County, being taken 
into the family of our subject's brother. In Au- 
gust, 1868, he married Lavina C. Lankford, of 
Saline County, and to them was born one child 
Nancy L. , who is still living with her parents, 
It has been one of the principal aims of Mr, 
Pemberton to fit his children well for independ 
ent careers, and to give them good educations. 
His eldest daughter attended school in Virginia 
and his son studied in a select school at Lexing- 
ton, and completed his education in the State 
Normal at Warrensburg, while his youngest 
daughter, after leaving the Holden schools, en- 
tered the normal at Warrensburg, and gradu- 
ated from the seminary at Independence. Mr. 
Pemberton gave his son after his marriage one 
hundred and twenty acres, and still has about 
eight hundred acres left. 

BENJAMIN F. McCLUNEY, Public Admin- 
istrator for Johnson County, is now serving 
his third term in this important office, and 
was first elected in 1884 by the Democratic party. 
For twelve years he was Justice of the Peace, 
and during that time he was fortunate in never 
having any cases appealed or decisions reversed. 
His first Presidential ballot was cast in 1844, 
for James K. Polk, and never since that day has 
his allegiance to the Democracy wavered. For 



the past sixteen years he has been a resident of 
Warrensburg, and esteemed among her best citi- 

A native of Washington County, Pa., born No- 
vember 7, 1820, our subject is a .son of John 
and Elizabeth (PurvianceJ McCluney. The father 
was born in Belfast, Ireland, in 1776, and the 
mother, though a native of Pennsylvania, was of 
French extraction. In the War of 1812 John 
McCluney was commissioned Major by President 
Madison, and the precious document is now in 
the possession of our subject. Major McCluney 
was in command of the forces at Pittsburg for a 
long time and was a brave and capable officer. 
Afterwards he held the office of County Sheriff 
in Pennsylvania foi several years, but about 1826 
moved to Brooke County, Va., where he held the 
position of bookkeeper in a manufacturing estab- 

B. F. McCluney is the youngest in a family of 
seven children, and passed the first few years of 
his life at his birthplace. Then until he was twen- 
ty-three years of age his home was in Virginia, 
where he managed to pick up a fair education in 
the subscription schools, which he attended only 
a few months each year. Learning the cabinet- 
maker's trade, he followed that calling for two or 
three years, but in 1840 started for the West by 
the water route. As far as Lexington, Mo., he 
proceeded by the Ohio, Mississippi and Mis- 
souri Rivers, and from there went to what is now 
known as Hazle Hill Township, in this county. 
There, in company with his father, he bought 
four hundred and forty acres of land, his first ex- 
periment in farming. After a few years he sold 
the place, buying a larger one in the same town- 
ship, but this, too, he eventually disposed of, 
taking up his residence in Warrensburg, where 
he has since lived. 

November 24, 1846, the marriage of B. F. Mc- 
Cluney and Elizabeth Roberts, a native of Lafay- 
ette County, Mo., was celebrated. To them have 
been born seven children. Laura, who is the wife 
of John Blake and the mother of four children, 
lives near Carthage, Mo. ; WMlliam is unmarried, 
and engaged in gold mining in Colorado; Anna is 
still at home; Lizzie, widow of S. W. Sweringen, 

is a teacher in the public schools; Robert, who is 
unmarried, is now in California, where he is in- 
tere.sted in mining operations; Purviance, a min- 
ister in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, is 
married and has three children ; and George, the 
youngest, formerly a school teacher, is now a 
business man of Arkansas City, Kan., and is mar- 
ried and has one child. Our subject is a member 
of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, with 
which denomination he has been identified since 
1862. Before that he was for twentj^-two years a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but, 
his views changing, he espoused the creed which 
came the nearest to his belief. 

^#®~— .~ 

M McFEE JONES is engaged in general farm- 
2S ing and stock-raising, and has been particu- 
V2' larly successful in raising grain. He is very 
industrious and energetic, and by these qualities 
has won the prosperity he now enjoys. His es- 
tate is pleasantly located in township 45, range 
25, Johnson County, and is one of the best im- 
proved in the locality. 

Mr. Jones is a native of North Carolina, hav- 
ing been born in Knox County, January 23, 1851. 
His parents were Ebenezer and Mary (McCar- 
ter) Jones, also natives of that state, where they 
were well-to-do farmers. Three years after the 
birth of our subject they moved to Tennessee, 
and there prosecuted their chosen vocation for 
two years. They sold out their interest at the 
end of that time and lived in Greene County, 111., 
on a rented farm. A twelvemonth later they 
changed their location to Macoupin County, that 
state, where the father purchased a tract of eighty 
acres, located within six miles of Carlyle. On 
this he made many improvements in the way of 
buildings, besides setting out an orchard, and 
lived there for eight years. 

The father of our subject, having heard much 
about the good farming regions of this state, con- 
cluded to try his fortune here, but finding that 



land sold for only $5 and $10 per acre, was afraid 
to purchase, and accordingly was a renter for 
several years. He first went to Westport, Jack- 
son County, remaining there for two months, 
when he moved his family to Kansas City and 
there passed the winter. During the short time 
spent there he was employed in freighting from 
Kansas City to Wyandotte, as the railroads in 
that vicinity were not then completed. 

The spring after coming to Missouri, Eben- 
ezer Jones came to Johnson County and rented 
the place known as the Jones Farm, located near 
the present estate of our subject. For two years 
he occupied this estate, and then became a resi- 
dent on property one-half mile north. His next 
change was made to a forty-acre tract of his 
own, which was located on section 28. This he 
improved and lived upon for eleven years, when 
he sold out and went to Warrensburg, making 
his home there for two years. He then occupied 
the Greer Farm, and one year later moved to his 
present place of thirty-five acres on section 20. 
This place he devotes to market-gardening. 

Our subject was the eldest of the parental fam- 
ily of three children. His two sisters are Mary 
the wife of J. J. Fulks, who lives in this town 
ship; and Elizabeth, now Mrs. Parker Phillips 
a resident of section 34, of the above township 
S. McFee was nineteen years of age when he be 
gan in life for himself His first work was to 
rent a tract of land located just south of where 
he now lives and known as the Wilson Farm. 
On this he lived for two jears, and while there 
was married, October 30, 1871, to Miss Mahala 
Burnell, who was born in this county, November 
28, 1853. She is the daughter of John and Eliz- 
abeth (Jennings) Burnell, natives, respectively, 
of Boone and Howard Counties, this state. Mr. 
and Mrs. Burnell were married in Johnson Coun- 
ty and are now living on the Post Farm on sec- 
tion 20. The father is well known throughout 
the county, having taken an active part in all 
leading movements for the good of the commu- 
nity. He reared a family of four children, of 
whom Mrs. Jones was the eldest. Isham mar- 
ried Cornelia Frost, and now resides a quarter of 
a mile south of our subject's place, on section 18; 

Elvina became the wife of Thomas Bowles, and 
is at present living with her father; John A. 
is unmarried, and also resides under the parental 

Directly after his marriage our subject moved 
to his present place, having purchased forty acres 
of the same from his father-in-law. In addition 
to this he owns twelve and one-half acres of fine 
timber-land in another portion of the township. 
His place is well improved, and under his efl5- 
cient management is made to yield good crops. 

Mr. and Mrs. Jones have two children: Ella, 
born April 10, 1879; and Paul M., born May 10, 
1894. The wife and mother is a member of the 
Christian Church, and is interested in its work 
and success. In politics our subject is a Third 
Party man. He has never held ofiice. with the 
exception of serving as a member of the School 
Board, which position he is now occupying. 

I OUIS N. TIVIS, one of the enterprising and 
It leading young farmers of Johnson County, 
L/ is the proprietor of about two hundred acres 
of finely improved land, which yields to him abun- 
dant harvests as a tribute to the care and labor 
he expends upon the place. Politically he is a 
Democrat, and with one exception, when he was 
prevailed upon by his neighbors to serve his dis- 
trict as Road Overseer, has never held office. 

Silas Tivis, the father of the above-named gen- 
tleman, was born May 12, 1825, in Kentucky, 
but when quite young emigrated with his parents 
to Missouri, where he was reared to manhood. 
His principal occupation in life was that of farm- 
ing, and his various enterprises were usually 
crowned with success. In 1888 he was striken 
with paralysis, and suffered from that trouble un- 
til his death, which occurred May 30, 1894. He 
was married, in Moniteau County, Mo., to Eliza- 
beth Igo, who was born September 5, 1833. She 


passed to her final rest August 13, 1893. They 
were old and honored citizens of this county, 
having come here in 1867, and from that time 
forward were interested in the development and 
progress of the count}'. 

In a family of twelve children, Louis N. Tivis 
is the seventh. His birth occurred in Moniteau 
County, this state, August 16, i860, and when 
he was seven years of age he became a resident of 
Johnson County. He received a district-school 
education, and has always given his attention to 
farming. He has never married, but makes his 
home with his sisters, Rebecca, Bettie, Leah, 
Louisa, and brother, James M. He is a promi- 
nent member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, while the rest of the family are identified 
with the Baptist denomination. As he has passed 
nearly his entire life in this community, he is 
necessarily well known to the inhabitants thereof, 
among whom he bears a deserved reputation as a 
young man of honor and fairness in all his deal- 
ings, and one who has a proper regard for the 
rights of his fellows. 


WILLIAM HAMS. This gentleman was 
born in North Carolina, and the success 
which he has attained is only another ex- 
ample of what industry and perseverance can ac- 
complish on the fertile soil of Missouri. He is 
now the possessor of a fine estate of two hundred 
and seventy acres, located on sections 19 and 30, 
township 47, range 25. 

Our subject's birth occurred in May, 1838, in 
Davidson County, N. C, his parents being Rich- 
ard and Ellen ( Collett) liams, the former born in 
Maryland, and the latter in Davidson County, 
N. C. The paternal grandparents of William 
were Thomas and Nancy liams, both natives of 
the state of Maryland, and farmers by occupation 
during the greater portion of their lives, although 
the former was a millwright and carpenter by 
trade. After their removal to Davidson County, 

N. C. , he purchased property and gave his atten- 
tion almost entirely to farming. He wag an ex- 
pert miller, however, and later erected a water- 
mill on his place, making the wheel sixteen feet 
high. He was a cripple for many years, having 
been injured by falling from a house which he 
was engaged in building. He departed this life 
in Davidson County when our subject was a lad 
of ten years. His wife died two years later. 

Richard liams lived at home until his marriage, 
when he began in life for himself by farming in 
Davidson County. He, too, was a carpenter, hav- 
ing been instructed in this trade by his honored 
father, and there still is a barn standing in the 
above county which is a fair sample of his handi- 
work. He became prominent in local affairs, and 
was deserving of the respect conferred upon him 
as one of the most useful members of the commu- 
nity. He died March 12, 1857, while the mother 
of our subject passed away when William was 
seven years of age. 

The original of this sketch was the youngest 
member of the parental household. Of his broth- 
ers and si-sters we note the following: Faith, now 
Mrs. Madison C. Dean, lives in North Carolina; 
John is single and is farming in his native state; 
Charlie married Alma Peterson, and makes his 
home on a good farm in Lafayette County, Mo. ; 
Lucy became the wife of Wilson Cecil, a farmer 
of Davidson County, N. C; Margaret married 
Andrew Russell, and departed this life in 1882; 
Ellen, Mrs. Booth, whose husband is deceased, is 
living in Forsyth County, N. C; and Thomas 
died at the age of ten years. 

William liams was nineteen years of age when 
he began farming on his own account. He con- 
tinued thus engaged until 1858, when, in com- 
pany with his brother Charles and uncle George, 
he started for Missouri. The journey was made 
overland with teams, and upon arriving in the 
state they stopped for one month in Cornelia, 
Johnson County. They then moved on to Lafay- 
ette County, and there our subject rented a farm 
and lived until 1865. In March of that year he 
returned to this section and lived with a Mr. 
Taggart, for whom he worked until 1873. April 
26 of that year he purchased one hundred and 



seventy acres of the present farm, at once making 
thereon good improvements. As the years rolled 
by he added to his land, and is now the proprietor 
of two hundred and seventy acres, on which are 
buildings of substantial character and a goodly 
amount of live stock. The entire tract is under 
admirable tillage, with the exception of forty acres 
which is yet timber-land. 

While living with Mr. Taggart, our subject 
was married, June 7, 1874, to Miss Elizabeth 
Stone, who was born in this county, July 9, 1848. 
She is the daughter of Jehu and Nancy (Lanear) 
Stone, natives of Davidson County, N. C, where 
they were reared, but were married after coming 
to Johnson County, this state. They are both 
now deceased, the mother passing away in March, 
1862, and Mr. Stone February 10, 1891. Their 
two children were Mrs. liams and Walter, the 
latter of whom married Mary Caldwell, and now 
lives on a farnx in the southern portion of this 

Soon after his marriage Mr. liams located upon 
his present place, which he has continued to 
make his home ever since. His family includes 
ten children, namely: Richard, born April 7, 
1876; Hale, July 25, 1877; Walter, March 24, 
1879; Sarah, September 30, 1880; Thomas, Oc- 
tober 16, 1882; Margaret, March 15, 1S84; Char- 
lie, September 10, 1885; Isaac, June 15, 1887; 
Lucy, March i, 1889; and Ellen, September 22, 

August 4, 186 1, Mr. liams enlisted in the 
Union army as a member of Company A, State 
Militia, under Major Neale and Captain Taggart. 
During his service of eleven months he participa- 
ted in several skirmishes, among them being 
those at Wellington and Dover. In the last- 
named place his horse was shot from under him 
and he was also injured. On account of his ear- 
nest pleading to staj- in camp, he was permitted 
to do so, and when fully recovered was given an- 
other horse and continued to serve in the militia 
until December 31, 1862, when he was honorably 
discharged and came home. He will ever re- 
member this trip, for it was made on one of the 
coldest days of that winter, and before he could 
reach shelter he had frozen both his ears. 

In politics our subject is a stanch Republican, 
and cast his first Presidential vote for Bell and 
Everett. Although not a member of any church 
organization, he helps forward the good work by 
contributing' liberally of his means. 

(cjEORGE O. TALPEY. The biographies of 
|_ useful and honorable men who have risen 
\^ by their own exertions from poverty and 
obscurity to prosperity and success furnish an 
inspiring and ennobling study, their direct tend- 
ency being to reproduce the excellence they re- 
cord. It is for this reason, partly, that it affords 
the biographical writer especial pleasure to pre- 
sent a brief outline of the life of Mr. Talpey, 
widely known as the President of the Bank of 
Knobnoster. Starting in life without capital and 
beginning work as a farm laborer for $12 per 
month, he has by force of character and deter- 
mination risen to an enviable position amoiig his 
fellow-men. He deservedly ranks as one of the 
best citizens of Knobnoster, and one who, by his 
strict sense of probity and honor, has won the 
position for himself. 

Referring to the personal history of Mr. Tal- 
pey, we find that he is a native of Athens, Ohio, 
and was born February 7, 1850. He is the fourth 
in the family of Ebenezer P. and Persis H. 
(Steadman) Talpey, natives respectively of Maine 
and Ohio. His father, who went to Ohio at an 
early age, was for some years prominently identi- 
fied with the business enterprises of Hocking 
County. He died there December 31, 1862. His 
wife is still living and is now seventy-five years 
of age. 

Owing to poor health in boyhood, our subject 
was not able to enjoy even such inferior educa- 
tional advantages as the common schools afforded. 
His education has been mainly self acquired, he 
being a man of close observation, a thoughtful 
reader and well informed upon general topics. 


porYrai't and biographical record. 

At the age of sixteen he left Ohio and came to 
Knobnoster, Mo., where he was employed on a 
farm for two 3'ears. In 1868 he went still further 
West and, settling in Wyoming, was employed as 
Deputy Postmaster at Laramie for over a year. 
Later he was chosen Enrolling Clerk of the House 
of Representatives of the first Legislature elected 
in the territory. In April, 1870, in company 
with his elder brother, he went to Texas and from 
there drove a herd of cattle to Colorado, where 
he remained for one year. He then returned to 
Knobnoster, and has resided in this place contin- 
uously since that time. 

With the historjr of Knobnoster Mr. Talpey 
has beea intimately connected since 1871. He 
has engaged in the drug business here and has 
also held an interest in the mills at this point. 
In 1884 he became President of the Bank of 
Knobnoster, and has since been at the head of 
this flourishing financial institution. The bank 
is one of the solid concerns of the county and has 
the confidence of the people of this section. It 
has withstood severe depression and disastrous 
panics that have proved fatal to other concerns 
seemingly its equal in strength. That it has 
done so is largely due to the tact, business ability 
and energy of its efficient President. 

August 20, 1873, Mr. Talpey married Miss 
Annie, daughter of Addison and Emma (Snell) 
Nichols, natives of Kentucky, but later residents 
of Johnson County, Mo., where Mrs. Talpey was 
born. By her marriage she has become the 
mother of three sons. Arthur, the second-born, 
died at the age of eighteen months. George 
Wilbur passed away at the age of nine years. 
James R., the only surviving son, is at pres- 
ent a student in the Missouri Dental College at 
St. Louis. In their religious belief Mr. and Mrs. 
Talpey are members of the Presbyterian Church. 
Socially he is identified with Twin Mound Lodge 
No. 273, K. of P. , at Knobnoster, and was the first 
Chancellor of the lodge. He is opposed to monop- 
olies of all kinds, and consequently is in hearty 
sympathy with the principles of the D'emocratic 
party, which he upholds under all circumstances. 
Though an active worker in the party, he has 
never been an aspirant for official honors, but 

prefers to devote his attention entirely to busi- 
ness. As a citizen he is interested in every meas- 
ure that promises to promote the welfare of the 

Mr. Talpey is a man whose life has been emi- 
nently successful, but whose success has been 
achieved by energy, perseverance and shrewd 
business qualities. In his youth he was disci- 
plined in a hard school, but it taught him habits 
of self-reliance that were of service to him in 
every subsequent step in life. He is known for his 
sound and careful judgment as a business man, 
for his energy and capability, and for his regard 
for fairness, honesty and integrity. By his in- 
domitable will, directed by a noble purpose, he 
has advanced step by step, until he has attained 
his present honorable position, and can hand 
down the noblest legacy man can bequeath to 
posterity — a successful life. 

Gl MOS MARKEY is a native of Frederick 
L\ Count}', Md., born September 17, 1832, and 
I I is a son of Amos and Jane (Eby) Markey. 
He was the sixth in a family of eight children, 
of whom six still survive. His father was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, born in Lancaster County 
about 1779. He was reared to the life of a farm- 
er, and shortly after his marriage removed to 
Maryland, where he engaged successfully in the 
same occupation until 1839, when he removed to 
Preble County, Ohio, where he remained until 
%is death, which occurred in 1841. 

The subject of this sketch was reared on the 
farm and received his primary education in the 
old log schoolhouse. He remained at home un- 
til twenty-three years of age, when he began to 
think of a future for himself. Emigrating to 
Missouri in 1855, he settled in Johnson County 
and commenced farming. From his father's es- 
tate he received some $3,000, with which he pur- 
chased a farm of seven hundred and twenty acres 
on his arrival here. From that time on his sue- 



cess has been more than gratifying. Disposing 
of thispropert}^ in 1866, he removed to his present 
location, where he purchased five hundred and 
sixty acres, though not all at one time. Mr. 
Markey is a thoroughly practical farmer and 
stock-raiser, devoting most of his attention to 
feeding stock for the market. 

On the 22d of September, 1867, Mr. Markey 
was united in marriage with Miss Nancy Fritz, 
daughter of Daniel and Nancy (lyOy) Fritz. She 
was born in Preble County, Ohio, in 1844, and 
is one of four children, of whom all survive. 
Three children were born to our subject and his 
wife, two of whom, Edward and Ellen, are still 
members of the family household, assisting in 
the farm and indoor duties. Edward has been 
given the advantage of a thorough collegiate ed- 
ucation, having attended the Mt. Morris College 
in Illinois, McPherson College in McPherson 
County, Kan., and the Stanford University of 
California, where he fitted himself for the minis- 
try. He recently received a call to the Center 
View Church of this count j-. 

The political affiliations of the subject of this 
sketch are with the Democratic party, and relig- 
iously he is a member of the German Baptist 
Church. He is an affable, courteous man, and 
his hospitality is widely known, the doors of his 
home swinging on welcoming hinges to strangers 
and friends alike. 


P GjlLIylAM LAKE is the owner of a beautiful 
\ A/ farm in townshi]) 47, range 25, Johnson 
Y Y County, consisting of seventy-nine acres. 
Like many of the best residents of this section, 
he was born in Tennessee, the date thereof being 
February 28, 1825. His parents were James and 
Mary (Monday) Lake, both natives of North 
Carolina, having been born in Buncombe Coun- 
ty. The father left his native state when a lad 
of sixteen years, and made his way to Tennessee, 
where he was later married to Miss Monday. 

The maternal grandparents of our subject, 
William and Mary Monday, were likewise born 
in North Carolina, where for many years they 
were classed among its substantial farmers. They 
later moved to Tennessee, and during the remain- 
ing years of their lives were occupied in farming 
on land in Claiborne County. The grandparents 
of our subject on his father's side were agricult- 
urists of North Carolina, their native state. 
They were highly regarded in their community, 
and during a .storm which swept over their town 
were struck by lightning and killed instantly. 
They were the parents of two children: James, 
father of the subject of this sketch, and a daughter. 

Being suddenly deprived of the care of his par- 
ents when young in years, our subject's father 
and his younger sister were taken into the home 
of Dick Hill, of North CaroHna, and while in- 
mates of his household the sister died. James re- 
mained with him until fully equipped, education- 
ally and otherwise, to begin the battle of life on 
his own account. He later lived with William 
Monday, whose daughter Mary he later married. 
This lady was born December 7, 1807, in North 
Carolina. After their union the young couple 
established their home on rented land, which thej^ 
operated for a period of ten or twelve years. At 
the end of that time he was enabled to become 
the owner of a good farm in Tennessee, on which 
he lived for about eight years. Disposing of this 
tract at the end of this time, he moved to another 
in the same locality, which he rented for fifteen 
years. His next change found him living in 
Harlan County, Ky., also on rented property, 
making this place his home until his decease. 
His widow then lived with her children until her 
decease, which occurred in 1873, she passing 
away at the home of our subject. By her union 
with James Lake there was born a family of 
seven children, of whom we make the following 
mention: Ewuen married Recy Lay, and died in 
Davis County, where his widow still resides on a 
farm; Elisha married Alpha Thomas, and when 
last heard from they were residing in Tennessee; 
William was the third-born; Judy died aged forty- 
six years; Elizabeth became the wife of Jack 
Williams, and is now living in Oklahoma; Mary 



married B. F. Goin, and they make their home 
on a farm one-half mile south of our subject's es- 
tate; James died in infancy. The sons and daugh- 
ters were educated in the schools of North Caro- 
lina and Tennessee, which at that early day were 
very poor, both as regards the building and the 
manner of instructing the children. 

One year prior to attaining his majority our 
subject started out for himself, beginning farming 
on a piece of rented land in Carbon County, Tenn. 
He made his home there for several years, and 
in 1858 he decided to try his fortunes in Missouri, 
in which state he had a sister living. Accord- 
ingly, accompanied by his widowed mother, a 
brother and sister, he set out for this section, 
coming hither with wagon and team. The little 
party stopped for two months in Crawford Coun- 
ty, but, not finding a suitable location, moved on 
to Phelps County, where William entered a claim 
and lived for three years. From that place he 
moved to Lafayette County, this state, and for 
one summer lived on a rented farm. The out- 
look not being very promising here, he rented 
another tract in the same county, where he made 
his home for six years and a-half, and at the ex- 
piration of that time, in 1866, came to Johnson 
Covmty. That year he purchased eighty acres of 
land, comprised in his present homestead, for 
which he paid $12.75 P^r acre. To this he added 
at one time fifty acres, and later purchased sixty 
acres. A portion of this he has sold, however, 
but the remaining tract is improved in such a 
manner as to make of it one of the most attract- 
ive and productive farms in the township. 

April 4, 1876, Mr. Lake was married to Miss 
Phebe Bowman, a native of this county, who was 
born September 18, 1844. She is the daughter 
of John and Maria (Brown) Bowman, the former 
born in Tuscarawas County, Ohio, February 3, 
1812, and the latter, born in Washington Coun- 
ty, Pa., in February, 1822. The parents were 
married in Brooke County, W. Va., where they 
lived for about two years, and then took up the 
line of march for this state, making their home 
in Johnson County about 1843. They lived on 
section 29, township 47, range 25, near the Lafay- 
ette County line, initil their decease, the mother 

passing away September 4, 1886, and the father 
dying in January', 1888. To them was granted a 
family of six daughters. Maggie, the eldest, • 
married John Gossett, and they are living in 
Warrensburg; Phebe, Mrs. Lake, was the next- 
born; Allie is now Mrs. Alexander McConkey, 
and makes her home in Defiance County, Ohio; 
Nora lives on the old homestead in this county, 
and is the wife of Reuben Poole; Bethy married 
John Roach, and makes her home in this county, 
near Hazle Hill; and Eliza died when six years 

On the outbreak of the late war our subject en- 
listed in the militia under Col. Henry Neale. 
During the three months in which he was in the 
service he was stationed with his regiment most 
of the time in Lafayette County, near Lexington. 
He was discharged in that city in 1864, and since 
returning home has been employed in the peace- 
ful pursuits of farm life. 

To our subject and his excellent wife has been 
born one son, William F. , birth occurred 
January 17, 1884. He is a bright lad, and is 
prosecuting his studies in the di.strict school near 
his home. Mr. Lake has always been greatly 
interested in educational affairs, and for manj' 
years has been Director in his district. He is a 
Republican in politics, having cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for U. S. Grant. He is a member of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church of this township, 
while his good wife is connected with the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian denomination of Oak Grove. 
They are very worthy people, and possess many 
warm friends throughout the county. 


(pTANTON G. FEAGANS. This name will 
?\ be readily recognized by many of our read- 
s'' ers as that of a resident of section 13, town- 
ship 47, range 24, Johnson County, where he is 
actively engaged in farming and stock-raising. 
His estate is the old homestead on which he was 
reared, and comprises two hundred and ten acres, 



well improved, and to his good taste and enter- 
prise is due in a great measure its present condi- 

Our subject was born in Smith Countj-, Tenn., 
in Januarj', 1843, and is the second in the famil}- 
of Burr and Salena (Ward) Feagans. The father 
was born in old Virginia, and when a boy the re- 
moval of the family to Tennessee took place. He 
remained there for many years, and after his 
marriage came to Missouri, some time in the '50s, 
locating at once in Pettis CountJ^ There he still 
resides, having reached the age of seventy-two 

Mrs. Salena Feagans was a Tennesseean by 
birth, and closed her eyes in death February 11, 
1892. Her son, our subject, was permitted to at- 
tend school but a verj- short time, his services being 
needed on the farm, and then, too, the war break- 
ing out about that time, the schools of the various 
districts were broken up, so that what knowledge 
of books he possesses has been gained by study 
and reading at home. He is a successful man of 
business, and the training which he received in 
farm work has proven of great assistance to him 
since left in charge of the home place. 

Stanton G. Feagans and Miss Retta Hocker 
were married February 18, 1866. The lady was 
the daughter of Larkin and Eliza Hocker, influ- 
ential residents of Johnson County, which section 
of the state they still make their home. Their 
daughter was here born in 1845, 3"*^ obtained 
her education by attending the schools near her 

Of the six children born to our subject and 
wife, two are deceased. Those living are Alvin, 
Charles, John and Earkin, at home with their 
parents, whom they greatly assist in the manage- 
ment of their estate. The parents and sons are 
members in excellent standing of the Christian 
Church. In politics Mr. Feagans is a Democrat 
at all times, and under all circumstances. He 
has been called upon to serve his fellow-citizens 
in various capacities, but with the exception of 
his twenty years' service on the School Board has 
always refused. This worthy couple have se- 
cured for themselves a handsome competence by 
years of unremitting labor, and are now sur- 

rounding their family more and more with the 
comforts of life. Their estimable character and 
useful lives liave gained the respect of their ac- 
quaintances and the deeper regard of those who 
know them best. 

( @. ^mM^.. .(i)J 

BBED N. WHITSEL has been numbered 
among the progressive larmers of Johnson 
County for many years, his place of resi- 
dence being on section 25, township 47, range 24. 
In addition to managing his farm, our subject is 
engaged in threshing during the summer seasons, 
and also owns the gristmill which he operates. 
He is a business man of more than ordinary abil- 
ity, and is correct and upright in all his methods. 

David C, father of the above-named gentle- 
man, a native of the Buckeye State, was reared on 
a farm and was a tiller of the soil from boyhood. 
He continued to live in his native state until i860, 
when, hearing glowing accounts of Missouri, he 
determined to cast in his lot here, settling near 
Sedalia, Pettis County. For eighteen j-ears, or 
up to the time of his death, which occurred in 
1878, his time was given to the dev^elopment of a 
farm in that section. His faithful wife, whose 
maiden name was Margaret Smith, was also born 
in Ohio, and is still living on the old homestead 
in Pettis County, being now in her sixty-fifth 

O. N. Whitsel was born on a farm in Ross 
County, Ohio, June 22, 1852. and is next to the 
eldest in a family numbering five children. He 
was eight years of age when he emigrated with 
his parents to Pettis County, Mo., where his dis- 
trict-school education was obtained. He contin- 
ued in agricultural pursuits in that county until 
the spring of 1885, when he moved to this sec- 
tion, and four years later came to his present 
home. He is a Republican in his political views, 



having supreme confidence in the platform of his 
party, and never fails to deposit his ballot in fa- 
vor of its candidates. 

February 26, 1886, Mr. Whitsel married Alice 
L., daughter of James and Margaret (Drinkwa- 
ter) Deckard, all natives of this state. Mrs. 
Whitsel was born in Cooper County, and by her 
marriage has become the mother of a daughter, 
Mai-y Ruth, who is the pride of the household, 
and a very bright and promising child. 

rj made his home in Johnson County for the 
/ I past thirty-five years, and when he first 
came here there were very few people indeed 
within its boundaries, and his nearest neighbor 
was G. W. Houts. He bought eighty acres of 
land from his wife's brother, John Kenton, and 
since that time has added to his original farm un- 
til he now owns one hundred and seventy-nine 
acres in one body. The homestead, which is well 
improved with good buildings, is located on sec- 
tion 15, township 45, range 26. 

A native of Saline County, Mr. Sullivan was 
born near Miami, on the Missouri River, Maj- 17, 
1835, his parents being Samuel W. and Mary 
A. (Mayfield) Sullivan, natives of Pennsylvania 
and Kentucky, respectively. The father moved 
from his native state to Rockingham County, 
Va., and from there to Saline County, Mo., about 
1821, making the entire trip from the Old Do- 
minion in wagons. His first wife was Miss Kit- 
tie Carter, and her death occurred in Virginia. 
His second wife died in 1866, aged about sixty- 
two years, while his own death occurred in i860, 
when he was in his eightj^-sixth year. He was 
a hero of the War of 18 12. He had learned the 
trade of forgeman, and after coming to this state 
frequently made trips to the mines in southeastern 
Missouri, where he found work for a time. Not 
long before the Sullivan family arrived here In- 

dians were very troublesome, and there was still 
a scattered remnant here for a few years. Sam- 
uel Sullivan became a well-to-do farmer, and was 
respected by all. He gave liberally to the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church, to which his wife 
belonged, and in his political convictions was a 

By the first marriage of Samuel W. Sullivan, 
one child was born, but it died in infancy. By 
his second union he became the father of six sons 
and five daughters, all of whom lived to maturity. 
They were as follows: Samuel W., who operates 
the old homestead in Saline County; Henry M., 
a farmer of this neighborhood; Augustus C; 
Mary A., who is the wife of William Hyland, a 
farmer of Saline County; Harriet, Mrs. Francis 
F. Haudsley, of Carroll County; Tempest T., 
who died in 1867, in Saline County; James, who 
died in 1872, in Kansas; Charles, who departed 
this life in California in 1866; Hester A., who 
became the wife of Henry Craig, and died in Sa- 
line County, Mo., in 1840; Hannah, Mrs. Will- 
iam C. Gwinn, who died in 1868; and Milfred, 
deceased, formerly the wife of James Millsaps. 

August II, 1862, A. C. Sullivan joined Com- 
pany A, Seventh Missouri Cavalry, under Capt. 
Joseph Peak. He ' took part in many battles 
along the Missouri River, and often encountered 
Price and the numerous bands of guerrillas. He 
was in a very dangerous part of the service, but 
was never wounded or taken prisoner. He was 
promoted to the rank of Corporal and later to 
that of Sergeant, continuing to be a member of 
the Seventh Regiment until finally mustered out 
at St. Louis, August 10, 1865. 

The boyhood and youth of Mr. Sullivan passed 
quietly in his native county, and there he was 
married October 15, 1854, the lady of his choice 
being Margaret J., daughter of Thomas Kenton 
and a descendant of the old pioneer, Simon Ken- 
ton. Our subject was only nineteen years of age, 
and his wife celebrated the sixteenth anniversary 
of her birth by their marriage. She was also a 
native of Saline County, her birth having oc- 
curred on the site of the Mormon War. The 
young couple started out in life with high hopes 
and ambitions, many of which they have realized 



by their untiring zeal and energy. Six years 
after their wedding they moved to this coiinty, 
having purchased a farm here two years pre- 

Of the children who came to bless the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. Sullivan, all but one survive. 
They are as follows: Theodore, an enterprising 
farmer of this district; L,ewis, who is living at 
home; EHzabeth, widow of Rufus Hayes; Fred 
Lincoln, of Cornelia, this county; Charles B., 
who is farming just west of his father's home- 
stead; Joseph, Faith, Missouri E. and Jacob, who 
are at home; and William, who died in 1870, 
aged a year and a-half. 

For the past eleven years Mr. Sullivan has 
served as Road Overseer, and for a like period 
of time has been School Director. He and his 
five brothers were Democrats until the war, when 
three of the number espou.sed the cause of the 
Republican party, while the others declared 
themselves in sympathy with the South; but our 
subject was the only one of the brothers to enter 
the army. Mrs. Sullivan is a member of the 
Methodist Church, belonging to the congregation 
that meets at Houts' Chapel. 

AJ. THOMAS W. HOUTS, one of the lead- 
ing citizens of Johnson County, resides on 
a farm four miles southwest of Warrens- 
burg. He has made a specialty of stock-raising, 
and buj'ing and selling cattle, and has been pros- 
pered in his various financial undertakings. The 
Houts family is of the old Pennsylvania-Dutch 
stock, and has long been identified with the histo- 
ry of this county and state. 

George Wilson Houts, our subject's father, was 
born in Washington County, K^^, August 23, 
1809, and his wife, who was formerly Miss Eliza- 
beth Cooper, was born in New Madrid County, 
Mo., September 12, 1807. Their marriage was 
celebrated February 10, 1831, and both are still 
living. The father of G. W. was Thomas Houts, 

who was born in Pennsylvania, about 1780, and 
died in Scott County, Mo., at the age of fifty-six 
years. He went to Kentucky in early manhood 
and was married there, in 1806, to Sarah Meyer, 
a native of North Carolina. Mr. Houts was a 
Whig and served as Judge of the County Court 
in Scott County. Both he and his wife were de- 
vout members of the Presbyterian Church, but 
after coming to this state became identified with 
the Methodist denomination, as there was no 
church of their own particular faith near their 
home. Mrs. Elizabeth Houts was a daughter of 
John and Agnes Cooper, who were residents of 
New Madrid County for years, and she well re- 
members an earthquake which occurred there, 
that destroyed much property and life. For 
sixty -two years George W. Houts and wife 
have been faithful and consistent members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. In former days 
the members frequently met at their home, and 
they were in reality the organizers of the denomi- 
nation in this county. Houts' Chapel, a house of 
worship which has since been erected in this vi- 
cinity, was named in their honor. Mr. Houts 
has been Class-Leader and has also served as 
Steward, besides ser\nng in various other official 
positions. Formerly a Whig and a slave-owner, 
he was nevertheless a sympathizer with the Union 
cause, and is now a Republican. In 1846 he was 
elected Constable, and after serving as such for 
four years was elected Assessor, in which capacity 
he acted for two terms. In 1856 he was elected 
Sheriff, holding that position for two terms, or 
until 1S60. He was next called upon to repre- 
sent his district in the State Legislature for two 
terms, and afterwards, in 1866, was elected Coun- 
ty Clerk, serving also two terms. 

It was in 1839 that George W. Houts emigrat- 
ed to Johnson County, buying a part of the tract 
of land that he still owns, and to the original pur- 
chase he has since added two hundred and fiftj^ 
acres. At one time he knew every man in the 
county, and when acting as Constable made fre- 
quent trips in ever}' direction, thus becoming well 
known and popular, which fact was shown by his 
being elected by a minority party on each occa- 
sion. Honorable in all his dealings, he forced 



even his political enemies to respect him. He is 
a man of excellent judgment, temperate in his 
habits, and always generous to the poor. His 
maiden vote was cast for Gen. William H. Harri- 
son, and he has never missed an election. 

The marriage of George W. and Elizabeth 
Houts was blessed with ten children, six of whom 
are deceased. William I,, went to Jackson Coun- 
ty, Tex., in 1880, and has since been engaged in 
farming there; Thomas W. is the next in order 
of birth of those living; O. L. is a well known 
attorney of Warrensburg; and F. M. lives on the 
home farm. Eeona died at the age of five years, 
and Mary E. passed to her final rest in childhood. 
Sidney F. died when in his tenth year. John B. 
departed this life in his twentieth year, and Wes- 
ley at the age of twenty-two years, just before the 
war. William S. was Captain of a company of 
the Forty-second Enrolled Missouri Militia, and 
was active in fighting the guerrillas. He was 
afterwards in the United States Secret Service, 
holding the rank of Captain, and took part in 
the battle of Little Blue, Kan. 

Maj. Thomas W. Houts, of this sketch, was 
born near Benton, Scott County, Mo., August 21, 
1838. He received a district-school education in 
this county, and lent his assistance to his father 
on the farm, and also fulfilled his official duties 
until the war. In 1861 he enlisted in the Twenty- 
seventh Missouri Volunteers, under Colonel Gro- 
ver, who was killed at Lexington. Major Houts 
was then Quartermaster of the regiment and was 
mustered out as such in the fall of 1 861. Later 
he recruited a company for the Seventh Missouri 
State Militia and was made Captain of Company 
A. At the end of a year and a-half he was pro- 
moted to be Major of the Seventh Regiment, and 
participated in the battles of Jefferson City, Mar- 
shall, Lone Jack and many other engagements. 
His bravery was unquestioned and frequently 
commended, for much of his service was extreme- 
ly dangerous, he being often on detached duty 
for special causes. He was finally mustered out 
of the army at St. Louis, and returned to peace- 
ful avocations. 

At the close of the war Major Houts bought 
the farm where he now resides and which com- 

prises two hundred and eighty acres of very valu- 
able land. His energetic and industrious man- 
agement of this place has made it one of the best 
in this section. October 7, 1866, was celebrated 
his marriage with Lncy, daughter of Nathaniel 
Thornton, an old settler and prominent citizen 
of this county. Mrs. Houts was born October 8, 
1849, and her only child, Claude, died when a 
year and a-half old. The Major and his wife then 
took to their home Nellie Crites, who is now the 
wife of A. J. Graham, and lives about four miles 
from her old home. For four years Major Houts 
was Steward in the Methodist Church, known as 
Houts' Chapel, to which congregation his wife also 

Like his father, our subject was a Whig vuitil 
the war, after which he became a Republican, 
but he has no desire to serve in public positions 
or to take much hand in politics beyond discharg- 
ing his duties as a citizen. 


QEV. young W. WHITSETT, Treasurer 
^ of Johnson County, was elected by the Dem- 
r \ ocratic party to this responsible office in 
1892, polling a greater majority than any other 
on the ticket, and again in 1894 was re-elected in 
the face of the notable Republican landside. His 
personal popularitj' could be shown in no better 
manner than by the aforesaid victory, and that 
he is worthy of the confidence reposed in him is 
well known to his political opponents as well as 
to the friends of his own party. His main life 
work has been that of the ministry, and in the 
Master's cause he has been a faithful and capable 

A native of this county, the Rev. Y. W. Whit- 
sett was born in Center View Township, April 
20, 1850. His parents. Rev. John R. and Sallie 
(Cull) Whitsett, were both natives of Warren 
County, Ky., the former a son of John Whitsett, 
likewise of Kentucky birth, but of Irish descent. 
In 1818 he moved to Lafayette County, this state. 



before it had been admitted to the sisterhood of 
states. He was one of the foremost pioneers of 
that count}-, and necessarilj' suffered many of the 
privations of frontier life, the main diet of the 
family for many years being venison, honey and 
corn bread. Rev. J. R. Whitsett was born in 
1803, and was about fifteen j^ears of age when the 
family moved to Missouri. Ten years later he 
returned to his native state and there became ac- 
quainted with and married the lady who was 
thenceforth his companion and helpmate in life. 
He was absent from Missouri only a few months, 
when he returned and settled near Lexington, 
living there for a number of years. Later he 
moved to Columbus Township, Johnson County, 
and in 1842 located in Center View Township. 
When about twenty-seven years of age he began 
to preach in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 
and followed this occupation during the remain- 
der of his life in connection with the management 
of his farm. A strong Democrat, though not a 
politician, he was an ardent believer in Thomas 
Benton. To himself and his wife were born three 
sons and seven daughters, of whom only the sons 
and one .sister, Mrs. Xantippe Burke, of Center 
View Township, remain. The mother died in 
1864, and the father in 1879, and both were buried 
in Center View Cemetery, 

The boyhood of Rev. Y. W. Whitsett passed 
uneventfully on his father's farm and in the 
neighboring schools he obtained a fair education. 
The religious atmosphere in which he was reared 
had a strong influence upon his character, and 
when he was about fifteen j-ears old he became a 
member of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 
When in his twenty-first year he concluded that 
it was his duty to begin preaching the Gospel, 
and delivered his first sermon at a schoolhouse 
about eight miles southwest of Center View. Aft- 
er a time he began to feel the need of a better 
education and went to Macon County, Mo., where 
he attended McGee College about three years, 
preaching during the vacations. He was obliged 
to borrow money in order to pay his way through 
school, but was very industrious, and ere long 
had discharged his debt. In 1874 he entered 
Lincoln (111.) College, but at the end of two 

years of severe and unremitting study, his health 
failed and he was obliged to change his plans. 
Returning home, he continued to preach for a 
country congregation for a number of years. 
Though he kept no record of the number of con- 
versions under his teaching, he has married about 
one hundred couples. 

June 14, 1877, Rev. Mr. Whitsett and Jennie 
Duff were united in marriage in Lincoln, 111. 
They became acquainted while he was a student 
in the college there. The lady was born in San- 
gamon County, 111., February 14, 1851, and re- 
ceived a college education. She also was brought 
up in the faith of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, and has been of great assistance to her 
husband in his arduous labors. Since 1890 their 
home has been in Warrensburg, prior to which 
time they lived in various places, or wherever 
Mr. Whitsett happened to have a pastoral charge. 
Their six children are as follows: Annie, born in 
Henry County, Mo., 7, 1878; Julian, 
born in Jackson County, November 5, 1879; 
Harry L., born in Cass County, Mo., September 
3, 1 881; George Ray, born in Center View, this 
county, October 7, 1883, Thomas G., born in the 
same village, September 6, 1885; and William 
Sloan, at Knobnoster, August 21, 1890. 



(Joseph J. FULKS. Among the agricultur- 
I ists of Johnson County who through inde- 
ed/ fatigable energy and indomitable persever- 
ance have achieved considerable success in life, 
we make mention of Mr. Fulks, who is one of the 
prominent residents of township 45, range 25, 
where he owns one hundred acres of finely im- 
proved land. He located in this county over 
twenty-five years ago and in its improvement and 
development has been no unimportant factor. 

Mr. Fulks was born in York County, Pa., 
eighteen miles from Lancaster, August 4, 1842. 
He is the son of Benjamin G. and Sarah (Mc- 



Sherry) Fulks, natives, respectively, of Ohio and 
Pennsylvania, the father's birth occurring near 
the city of Zanesville, March 4, 1804. The ma- 
ternal grandparents of our subject were of Scotch 
and Irish descent, and on his father's side he is 
of German ancestry. Mr. McSherry, who was 
the proprietor of a hotel in York County, Pa., 
had ten children, of whom Joseph J. is the only 
one living in this county. He resides in War- 

The father of our subject removed from his na- 
tive state to Pennsylvania when a young man and 
there met and married Miss McSherry. Soon 
after that event he purchased a farm here and was 
engaged in its operation until his sons were old 
enough to assume the responsibility of its man- 
agement, when he left it in their charge and went 
to work in the lumber camps. He was thus en- 
gaged for a number of years, when he returned to 
the old homestead, where he is now living with 
his aged wife. He is eighty-seven years old and 
she seventy-nine. He was successful in life and 
has plenty to supply them both with comforts 
during the remainder of their lives. Mr. Fulks 
was Collector of his county for one year, and in 
various ways took an active part in local affairs. 

The parental family of our subject included 
thirteen children, seven of whom are now living. 
Of those deceased two died in infancy, and the 
others were named, respectively, Fred, Susan, 
Alvin and Amy. Those living besides Joseph J. 
are Lysander, who married Annie Norris, and 
now lives with his father; Annie, who married J. 
E. Lightner, and is a resident of Warrensburg; 
Sarah Martha, Mrs. William Barton, who makes 
her home near her father; John, who married 
Frances Torbid, the latter of whom is now de- 
ceased;' Tolitha, Mrs. John Adkins, who lives on 
a farm near her father; and William E., who 
married Janet Finley, and makes his home in 
York County, Pa. They all were given good ed- 
ucations in the common schools of Pennsylvania, 
and some members of the family are now engaged 
in teaching. 

The original of this sketch was only thirteen 
years of age when he began to make his own way 
in the world. His first employment was on the 

Pennsylvania Canal, where he held a position for 
over six years. About this time the war broke 
out, and in February, 1862, he enlisted in Com- 
pany B, Ninth Pennsylvania Artillery, for a pe- 
riod of one year. On the expiration of his term 
he re-enlisted, this time being assigned to the 
same company in the One Hundred and Ninety- 
fifth Infantry. He remained in the service until 
February 13, 1866, when he was mustered out at 
Lancaster, Pa. , having been on the field of battle 
for four years to a day. 

After his army experience our subject remained 
at home for a time, working for his father, when 
he again went on the canal, this time being em- 
ployed for two years. His next occupation was 
that of a hunter on the Alleghany Mountains, 
and as smallpox prevailed in that region he was 
compelled to remain for seven months at one 

April 7, 1870, Mr. Fulks came to Johnson 
Count}^ where a sister was living, and went to 
work on a farm for a Mr. Lightner. He re- 
mained in his employ for two years, and then 
was married, on Washington's birthday, 1872, to 
Miss Mary J., daughter of Ebenezer Jones, whose 
sketch will appear on another page in this volume. 
Soon after establishing a home of his own, Mr. 
Fulks rented a tract of land west of Warrensburg 
and lived upon it for seven months, when he pur- 
chased forty acres of land three miles east of 
where he now lives. On this he made improve- 
ments and lived for seven years. At the expira- 
tion of that time, in 1881, he sold out at a good 
profit and purchased his present farm. He has 
made all the improvements on the land, and in 
addition to this tract of one hundred acres is the 
proprietor of nine acres of timber. He is entirely 
a self-made man, for when he landed in Johnson 
County he had but $20 in money. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Fulks there were born five 
children. Mamie, the eldest, married Jacob 
Neidler, and is living on a farm north of Warrens- 
burg; Cora married William Primm, and their 
home is near that of our subject; Bessie and Ethel 
are at home; and the youngest member of the 
household died in infancy. 

Mr. Fulks has never desired to hold office, nor 



has he done so, with the exception of serving on 
the School Board. He is a Republican in poli- 
tics, and with his wife belongs to the Baptist 
Church. He has been the witness of the devel- 
opment of this section, and by his enterprise has 
done much to promote its progress. 


(31NTH0NY BROWNING, an energetic and 
LJ enterprising agriculturist of Johnson Coun- 
/ I ty, was born in Lanarkshire, Scotland, May 
21, 1847. -^^ is now living on section 2, town- 
ship 46, range 25, where is located his one hun- 
dred and thirty acre tract of land. 

Gavin and Margaret (Mair) Browning, the 
parents of our subject, were also born in the above 
shire in Scotland, where the father was a coal 
miner. The maternal grandparents were An- 
thony and Jeanette Mair, also born in Scotland, 
where they lived and died. Their occupation in 
life was that of farmers. Gavin and Annie Brown- 
ing, the paternal grandparents of Anthony, were 
also born in that country, where the former was 
employed as a weaver all his life; they both died 
in Lanarkshire. Their eldest son, Andrew, when 
last heard from, was still living in his native land; 
Alexander was accidentally killed in that coun- 
try; and Gavin, Jr., the father of our subject, 
passed his entire life in Scotland. He remained 
at home until eighteen or nineteen years of age, 
and then, finding it necessary to earn his own 
living, worked at the weaver's trade, which he 
had already learned from his father. Upon aban- 
doning this vocation, he followed farming for a 
time, but as this business did not prove as profit- 
able as he had expected, entered the coal mines 
in Scotland, which is one of the finest coal re- 
gions in the world. He continued to be thus em- 
ployed for thirty years. 

While working in the mines, Gavin Browning, 
Jr., was married to the mother of our subject. 
He died in February, 1869, while his good wife 

survived him until 1890. He was ardently inter- 
ested in all good work, giving regularly to the 
support of the church, and lending a helping 
hand to the needy. To himself and wife there 
were born seven children. Of these Gavin, who 
was born in September, 1843, married E^lizabeth 
Watson, and is engaged in mining in Scotland; 
Jennie, who was born in 1845, married John Rus- 
sell, and also makes her home in Scotland; An- 
thony was the- next-born; Alexander was born in 
1849, and died when .six years of age; Annie, 
who was born in 185 1, married John Forrest, and 
with her husband lives in Scotland; Margaret, 
who was born in 1858, became the wife of Robert 
Coates, and is also a resident of that country; 
Robert was born in 1864, and died when two 
years of age. 

Our subject remained at home, aiding in the 
work about the place and also working in the 
mines to some extent, until attaining his majority. 
After this he was allowed to keep all the money 
which he earned, and for one year continued 
mining. While at work there he was married, 
October 23, 1868, to Miss Ellen Gillespie, who 
was born in the same shire, June 21, 1845. She 
was the daughter of Thomas and Annie (Adams) 
Gillespie, both natives of that country, where Mr. 
Gillespie was a miner. He is living retired there 
at the age of seventy-three years. His life has 
been successful and has resulted in the accumula- 
tion of a snug amount of money, which enables 
him to pass his last days in comfort. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Gillespie were the par- 
ents of eleven children, of whom six are now liv- 
ing. Maggie, the eldest of the household, mar- 
ried James Adams, now deceased; she makes her 
home in Luzerne County, Pa. Mrs. Browning 
was the next-born. The third, fourth and fifth 
children are deceased. Agnes, who married John 
Rodgers, is also deceased, and her husband is 
living in Scotland. James married Grace Rus- 
sell, and is at present living in New Zealand. 
David is engaged in mining in Birmingham, Ala. 
Thomas died in infancy. Elizabeth is Mrs. R. 
Richardson, and with her husband is living in 
New Zealand. Janet is single and lives with her 
father in Scotland. 


Soon after his marriage our subject started for 
America with the hope of regaining his health. 
The vessel on which he took passage was the 
"Columbia," and fourteen days after leaving 
Glasgow he was landed on the shores of the New 
World, arriving in New York September 3, 1869. 
His destination was the mining regions of Penn- 
S3'lvania, and accordingly he journeyed to Pitts- 
ton, Luzerne County. While there he worked for 
the Pennsylvania Coal Company for two years, 
and then removed to Columbiana County, Ohio, 
where he was similarly employed by the Chauncy 
Andrews Company. He worked for this corpo- 
ration for the same length of time, and then made 
his way to Trumbull County, Ohio, where Mr. 
Andrews had other mining interests. For the 
following two years he was engaged in the mines, 
but about this time heard glowing accounts of 
the wonderful farming region of Missouri, and 
accordingly packed his goods and went to Maries 
County, making a purchase of eighty acres. 
After raising one crop he disposed of this tract by 
sale and came to Johnson County, arriving here 
in November, 1876. His means at this time were 
very limited, consisting of only $5 in money. He 
succeeded, however, in obtaining possession of 
rented property, settling upon a farm owned by 
W. J. Mayes. In order that he might have ready 
money with which to carry on his farm work 
more successfully, he worked for a portion of the 
time for the Gallagher Mining Company at Mont- 
serrat for one year, and then hired out to the Co- 
operative Coal Company of that place. During 
the six years in which he was employed by this 
company he did not do farm work, but in 1886 
turned his attention to it exclusively. In the 
above year our subject purchased ninety acres of 
his present homestead, which he has increased 
until it now includes one hundred and thirty 
acres, on which he has placed many valuable im- 

Mr. and Mrs. Browning are the parents of ten 
children, one having died. Annie was born in 
Scotland in 1869; she married George Himsinger, 
and makes her home in this township on a farm. 
Maggie, born July 30, 1871, is living at home. 
Guy, who was born June 4, 1873, married Elvira 

Painroad, and is engaged in farming and mining 
in Macon County, this state. Ella, who was born 
July 30, 1877, is now the wife of George Pain- 
road, a farmer near Montserrat. Nanettie was 
born April i, 1878, and died September 6, 1893. 
Jessie was born July 10, 1880; Eillie, February 
28, 1883; Thomas, June 11, 1884; Robert, Sep- 
tember 24, 1887; and Effie, March 24, 1890. 
For some time past Mr. Browning has been School 
Director in his district. Socially he is a Mason, 
having belonged to that order since 1867, and 
also belongs to Eureka Lodge No. 88, I. O. O. F., 
at Warrensburg. In politics he is a Democrat. 
Both himself and wife are members in good stand- 
ing of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

pCJlLLlAM WAMPLER, one of the prosper- 
\ A/ ^^^ agriculturists and extensive land-own- 
YY ers of Johnson County, is the fortunate 
possessor of a beautiful homestead, situated on 
section 34, Grover Township, where he has four 
hundred and fifty, acres, all in one body. His 
residence is a substantial and commodious one of 
brick, constructed on modern lines of architecture. 
Few farms in this county are kept up in more 
thrifty manner or are more inviting and pleasant 
in appearance than is this one. A life-long resi- 
dent of the county, Mr. Wampler is well known 
among his neighbors as a practical business man, 
and is noted for his industrious and energetic 
qualities, and also for his uniformly fair treat- 
ment of his fellows. 

The parents of our subject were Edward and 
Elizabeth (Stoner) Wampler, both natives of 
Maryland. When they were mere children, they 
removed with their parents to Ohio, where they 
grew up and were married. Until 1856 Edward 
Wampler carried on a farm in the Buckeye State 
with fair success, but believing that the West af- 
forded greater opportunities, he removed hither, 
and, settling in Johnson County, continued to be 
a resident here until 1874. The remaining four- 

R. H. HOWKRTOX, M. ]) 



teen years of his life were passed in Fulton Coun- 
ty, 111., his demise occurring in 1888. His faith- 
ful companion and helpmate in the battle of life 
had been called from his side several years before, 
about 1873. 

William Wampler's birth occurred on the farm 
where he is still making his home in 1857, he be- 
ing the youngest child in his father's family. He 
received only a district-school education, and 
continued to live under the parental roof until 
reaching his majority, when he embarked in farm- 
ing on his own account. In 1879 occurred his 
marriage with Sarah Sprenkle, by whom he has 
six children. The family- circle is still unbroken, 
and the children are living at the old home. 
They are named as follows: Mary E., Annie B., 
Jacob William, Elizabeth, Leona G. and George 
Ernest. Mrs. Wampler is a daughter of Daniel 
and Rebecca (Wolf) Sprenkle, who were natives 
of Pennsylvania, but later moved to Illinois. 
There the former's death occurred, and the latter 
is still living in Astoria, 111. 

For several years our subject has been a mem- 
ber of Twin Mound Lodge No. 174, K. of P., at 
Knobnoster. He has never been an aspirant for 
official positions of trust and honor, and always 
deposits his ballot in favor of Republican nomin- 
ees. His wife is a member of the Dunkard Church, 
and both are esteemed and respected by all who 
know them. 

k\ M. D., a retired physician of Chilhowee 
r\ Township, Johnson County, dwells on sec- 
tion 5, township 44, range 27. This valuable 
homestead, which includes one hundred and sixt}^ 
acres, is improved with good buildings and is 
kept up in a thrifty condition. Altogether the 

Doctor is the fortunate possessor of over seven 
hundred acres of land, for he has always been a 
firm believer in the stability of real estate and has 
invested his means in this way. He has risen 
from poverty to a position of affluence entirely 
through his own efforts and financial enterprise, 
for by inheritance and training he acquired hab- 
its of industry and indomitable perseverance. 

The birth of our subject occurred in Rocking- 
ham County, N. C, October 8, 1823, his parents 
being William and Frances P. (Wall) Howerton. 
The former started for the West in 1839, in com- 
pany with several friends and neighbors, driving 
a team across the countrj'. The Doctor was 
placed in charge of a four-horse team and wagon, 
which he drove through from the western side of 
the Blue Ridge Mountains to Henry County, Mo. 
His father, who was fairly well off in this world's 
goods, brought with him several slaves, and en- 
tered land from the Government near what is 
now Calhoun, Henry County, where his wife's 
father, Richard Wall, had previously settled. 

Dr. R. H. Howerton managed to pick up a 
good general education, though the schools of 
his boyhood were far from reaching the excel- 
lence of those of the present day. He lived with 
his father until reaching man's estate, and after 
learning the carpenter's trade worked as a jour- 
neyman. In 1849 he started for the Pacific Slope, 
with a company of some fifty or sixty persons, 
and was about three months in crossing the plains. 
He went at once to the mines, where he made 
some money, but his expenses were high and he 
rerurned home in 1850 with small returns. He 
had intended to cross the Is1:hmus, but a storm 
drove the ship ashore and they landed in Central 
America. Taking a ship from the mouth of the 
Nicaragua River, the young man went to Havan- 
na, from there to New Orleans, and then went up 
the Mississippi River. In 1852 he entered the 
office of his uncle. Dr. R. Z. R. Wall, with whom 
he pursued medical .studies for five years, and in 
the winter of 1854-55 took one course of lectures 
in the Cincinnati Medical Eclectic Institute. 

In 1856 Dr. Howerton went to Cass County, 
Mo., and engaged in practice near the village of 
Everett, where he remained until the Civil War 



broke out. July i8, 1857, he married Nancy 
Hughes, of Chilhowee Township, but a native of 
Adair County Ky., and daughter of John and 
Polly (Diddle) Hughes. The young couple had 
been acquainted with each other before the Doc- 
tor's removal to Cass County. The troubles 
which preceded the war so disturbed the peaceful 
security of the inhabitants of Cass County, that 
our subject and his wife returned to Johnson 
County, and subsequently were for two years res- 
idents of Lebanon, Cooper County, where the 
Doctor built up a good practice. Thence, going 
to Carlinville, 111., they remained there until the of the war. From that time until 1876 their 
home was again in Lebanon, Mo., and then for a 
few years they dwelt in Rose Hill Township, 
where the Doctor owned one hundred and fifty 
acres of land. Subsequently selling that place, 
he invested the proceeds in his present homestead. 
In 1887 he went to Eldorado Springs, with the 
hope of benefiting his wife's health, and did not 
return here until 1894, in the mean time renting 
his farm. 

Of the eight children born to Dr. Howerton and 
wife, the three eldest died in infancy, and the others 
are as follows: James B., who married Fannie 
Carpenter, and has one child, and whose sketch 
follows; Fannie, Robert, Benjamin and Annie C. 
They are all natives of Chilhowee Township, have 
all received good educations, and are qualified to 
embark in life's duties. 

Fannie, who married William Finley and has 
one child, is now living at the home of her father. 
Robert is married and has one child, and is also 
a resident of this township. Benjamin, whose 
birth occurred September 25, 1875, assists in the 
cviltivation of the home farm; and Annie C, the 
youngest, is now pursuing her studies at Eldor- 
ado, Mo. 

Fraternally the Doctor is a Mason, having be- 
come identified with the order at Agricola, Henry 
County, Mo. His first Presidential ballot was 
cast for Henry Clay in 1844; in 1856 he voted for 
Buchanan, and four years later for Stephen A. 
Douglas. Since the war he has adhered to the 
Democracy, but has never been desirous of hold- 
ing public office. 

(Tames blackmore howerton is an 

1 enterprising young agriculturist of Chilhowee 
0/ Township, and is one of Missouri's native 
sons. From his earliest years he has been iden- 
tified with her prosperity, and has always taken 
a great interest in whatever has proved bene- 
ficial to the upbuilding of this community. At 
the present time he is engaged in farming on 
his father's homestead, and has assumed much ot 
the responsibility. 

The parents of the above-named gentleman 
are Dr. Richard H. and Nancy (Hughes) How- 
erton, the former born in North Carolina, and 
the latter a native of Kentucky. (For a fuller ac- 
count of the parents .see the preceding sketch. ) 
The birth of our subject occurred in Cooper 
County, Mo., September 21, 1861, but his boy- 
hood was mainly pa.ssed in Chilhowee Township. 
He received a good education in the common 
schools, and, being an apt student, made rapid 
progress. From his father he received practical 
training in habits of industry, and to this doubt- 
less he owes much of his success in life. 

November 4, 1884, occurred the marriage of 
J. B. Howerton and Miss Fannie Carpenter, then 
a resident of this township, but a native of Ma- 
rion County, 111. The young couple have one 
child, a son, born January 6, 1887, whom they 
have named William Richard. Mr. Howerton 
belongs to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 
while his wife is identified with the Methodist 

In his political faith Mr. Howerton adheres to 
the principles in which he was reared, and is a 
firm believer in the Democracy. He cast his first 
ballot for Grover Cleveland in the election of 1884. 

|ILLIAM P. HISEY was manager of the 
Johnson County Poor Farm at the time of 
his death, which occurred January 8, 1892. 
His personal worth and his good business ability 
had raised him to that post of honor and re- 



sponsibilit)', and he discharged the duties devolv- 
ing upon him to his own credit and to the satis- 
faction of all for about thirteen years. He was a 
practical farmer, and during his life time operated 
several homesteads in this county. He left his 
widow well provided for, as in the well improved 
home farm alone there are one hundred acres of 
valuable land. Mrs. Hisey is entitled to much 
praise for the able manner in which she filled the 
unexpired term of her husband in directing the 
affairs of the County Poor Farm, and for the aid 
and counsel which she always gave her husband 
in their journey of life together. 

A native of Saline County, Mo., born Septem- 
ber 10, 1845, William P. Hisey was a son of 
John and Elenor (Starkey) Hisey. The former, 
who was a Virginian by birth, went from his na- 
tive state to Ohio, thence to Illinois, and finally 
returned to Missouri. His first home here was in 
Saline County, but about 1855 he became an in- 
habitant of this county. Later he went to Iowa, 
but not liking it there returned to this state. His 
death occurred in Kansas, at a ripe old age. By 
trade he was a carpenter, but he also followed 
farming to a considerable extent. The early 
years of William P. Hisey were passed in Saline 
and Johnson Counties, and here he received his 
education. In 1861 he joined Nugent' s Inde- 
pendent Regiment, which was disbanded in Feb- 
ruary, 1862, after a campaign against Quantrell's 
men. In the spring of 1862 our .subject became 
a member of Company G, Seventh Missouri In- 
fantry'-, and served until receiving his discharge 
in St. Louis, in 1865. Thereupon he joined an- 
other independent company, commanded bj^ Cap- 
tain Chester, and was elected to the Lieutenancy, 
serving in Missouri, Arkansas and Kansas. Re- 
suming the peaceful avocations of life, our subject 
rented land in Post Oak Township, and after cul- 
tivating the place for three years removed to a 
farm which was owned by his wife, and which is 
now the property of Mr. Campbell. A few years 
later he became a resident of Warrensburg, where 
he made his home until March 18, 1879, when he 
took charge ot the Poor Farm, as before stated. 
He was a member of the Masonic order, in which 
he had taken one of the degrees, but died before 

he was made a Ma.ster Mason. Colonel Grover 
Post, G. A. R., at Warrensburg, classed him as 
one of its members, and in politics he was a Re- 

January 28, 1866, Mr. Hisey was united in 
marriage with Fannie A. Guinn, whose parents, 
John N. and Elizabeth Guinn, are mentioned at 
the close of this sketch. To our subject and wife 
were born ten children, only six of whom now 
survive. John W. was his father's successor at 
the County Farm. The others are as follows: 

0. Frank, Valeria Elizabeth, Charles M., Rufus 
D. and Carrie H. Elmer and Emma died in in- 
fancy, and Laura Belle and Katie are also de- 
ceased. Mrs. Hisey is a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal denomination, belonging to Houts' 
Chapel, and takes deep interest in Sunday-school 
work, and other departments of the congregation's 

John Guinn, the father of Mrs. Hisey, was 
born in Saline County, Mo., in 18 18, and died 
January 14, 1892, being a son of Almon and 
Leona (Marr) Guinn. When he was a youth of 
sixteen years, his father having died, it became 
necessary for him to earn his own livelihood. He 
started for Mississippi with a mule-drover, and 
settled in Adams Countj', where for twenty-one 
years he operated a plantation. During this time 
his relatives in Missouri thought that he was dead, 
but in March, 1856, he returned. While in Mi.s- 
sissippi he married Elizabeth Enlow, who was 
born there about 18 14, and died in 1862. She 
became the mother of fourteen children, only one 
of whom, Mrs. Hisey, is now living. Almon died 
in his fourteenth year, in November, 1861. Mrs. 
Guinn had been previously married to Abram 
Enloe, and bore him two sons, William W. and 
Andrew J. Tha former died just before the war, 
and the latter, who was a member of the Mis- 
souri State Militia, and afterwards was in a vol- 
unteer regiment in the regular Federal service, 
died in this neighborhood, June 23, 1893. March 

1, 1863, John Guinn married Minerva Lynde, 
who was born in Tennessee. They had four chil- 
dren, namely: Mattie, who was the widow of 
Thomas McFarland; Allen M., a resident of War- 
rensburg; Joseph, Principal of the schools at Ash- 



land, Mo.; and Nettie, wife of Fred Houts, of 
this township. Mrs. Guinn is still living on the 
old homestead. Both she and her husband have 
long been identified with the Methodist denomi- 
nation, and assisted in building Houts' Chapel. 
In politics Mr. Guinn was a Republican. 

mVLVENIS LOCKARD, who resides in 
?\ township 46, range 26, Johnson County, is 
S£J a native of Ohio, born in Perry County , Jul)', 
15, 1846. Heisa son of Hugh and Ann (Zuby) 
Lockard, and is one of thirteen children, of whom 
ten survive. His father, who was also a na- 
tive of Ohio, was born in Steubenville, and was 
reared to the life of a farmer. He engaged in 
farming in Ohio for a number of years, and in 
1870 moved to Kansas, where he continued in 
the same occupation, and where he resided until 
his death. 

The subject of this sketch was reared at home, 
and until his sixteenth j'ear attended the public 
schools of his native state and assisted in the 
work of the farm, when he enlisted in the army 
as a member of Company D, Fifty-third Ohio In- 
fantry. The regiment was organized at Jackson, 
Ohio, February 16, 1862, and left Portsmouth for 
Paducah, Ky. , where it was assigned to the 
Third Brigade, Sherman's Division. It was then 
removed to Savannah, Tenn., and thence to Pitts- 
burg Landing, participating in the Shiloh cam- 
paign and movement on to Corinth. On the 2d 
of June it left Corinth on an expedition to vari- 
ous points in Mississippi and Tennessee, arriving 
at Memphis July 2 1 . On the 26th of November 
it engaged in the campaign through Mississippi 
and thence went to L,a Grange, Tenn., in Janu- 
ry, 1863. On the 7th of March of that year it 
moved to Moscow, Tenn., where it was mounted 
and engaged in the campaign against guerrillas. 
On the 9th of June it went to Young's Point and 
participated in the Vicksburg campaign, being 

assigned to the Third Brigade, First Division, 
Sixteenth Army Corps. On the surrender of 
Vicksburg, it was moved up the Yazoo River to 
Snider' s Bluff, thence to Oak Ridge and then 
against Jackson, Miss. On the ist of October it 
left Vicksburg for Memphis, and on the 15th be- 
gan a campaign in Mississippi and Alabama to 
Trenton, Ga., and then participated in the Chat- 
tanooga campaign, being in the Third Brigade, 
Fourth Division of the Fifteenth Armj^ Corps. 
On the 26th of November it moved to the relief 
of Knoxville, returning to Chattanooga in De- 
cember; and then moved to Scottsboro, Ala., 
January i, 1864. The most important actions in 
which Mr. Lockard participated were Shiloh, 
Tenn., April 6 and 7, 1862; Monterey, April 8; 
Corinth, April 20 to May 20; Black River, Miss., 
July 4 and 5, 1863; Jackson, July 9 to 16; and 
Mission Ridge, November 25. He was honora- 
bly mustered out March 5, 1864, on the sur- 
geon's certificate of disability. 

On receiving his discharge, Mr. Lockard went 
to Ross County, Ohio, and engaged in farming 
on his own account. He was a young man of 
nerve and industry, and succeeded reasonably 
well in his first venture. In 1867, with but a 
few dollars in his pocket, he came to Missouri, 
locating in Johnson County, and after a year's 
work for others purchased sixty acres of land 
near his present home, which he farmed success- 
fully for a few years and then purchased one 
hundred acres, which he began to improve. It 
was about this time that success seemed to crown 
his every effort, and from year to year he added 
to his farm until he now has six hundred and 
fiftj^-nine acres under a good state of cultivation. 
He is a thoroughly practical farmer and stock- 
raiser on a large scale, having now on his place 
some one hundred and sixty head of cattle, which 
he is feeding for market, together with much other 
live stock. 

Returning to Ohio, January i, 1869, Mr. Lock- 
ard was united in marriage with Miss Hannah 
Hier, the daughter of Michael Hier. Bringing 
his young wife to his Western home, they settled 
down to what they thought would be a life of 
future happiness, but unfortunately Mrs. Lock- 



ard was called to her final rest. After about 
three years Mr. Lockard married Miss Evaline 
Shackelford, daughter of James Shackelford, an 
old pioneer resident of Johnson County. The 
marriage took place April 2, 1872. Mr. Lock- 
ard was fortunate in the selection of a worthy 
woman, with many personal and intellectual 
charms, and his home is a happy one. Seven 
children came to bless their union, of whom five 
still survive. They are Mary Ada, Ivory Ann, 
Sylvenis Hayes, Memphis and Josephine. 

Mr. Lockard's political affiliations are with 
the Republican party, and religiously he espouses 
the Methodist belief His home is a most hos- 
pitable one, and we are pleased to accord him a 
prominent place among the worthy and repre- 
sentative citizens of Johnson County. 


0AVID GIBSON has for over a quarter of a 
centurj' been identified with the develop- 
ment of Johnson County. He is now the 
owner of a quarter-section of land in township 
47, range 25, and although over seventy years of 
age, gives his personal attention to overseeing 
the farm work. He is a native of Ohio, and was 
born in Morgan County, May 13, 1824. His 
parents were John S. and Catherine (Been) Gib- 
son, natives, respectively, of Virginia and Penn- 

John N. and Elizabeth (Harrison) Gibson, the 
grandparents, were also l)orn in Virginia, where 
the father, in addition to carrying on a good 
farm, worked at his trade, that of a tanner. 
They continued to make their home in their na- 
tive state until advanced in years, when they re- 
moved to Morgan County, Ohio, where their 
death occurred. The grandmother was a sister 
of WiUiam Henry Harrison. 

John S. Gibson remained at home in the Buck- 
eye State until the date of his marriage, when he 
purchased land and began farming for himself 
Many years thereafter he removed to Athens 

County, that state, becoming the owner of a 
splendid estate there, on which he resided until 
his death, which occurred in 1855. His good 
wife survived him some twenty years, dying in 
1875. Of their large family of thirteen children, 
David, of this sketch, is the third in order of 
birth. Elizabeth married Rufus Severens, and 
when last heard from was living on a farm in 
Wisconsin; William married Jane Swift, and both 
are deceased; Solomon chose for his wife Priscilla 
Robison, who since his death has continued to 
live in Linn Count}-, this state; Nancy married 
William Embers; Isaiah married Mary Rathburn, 
and since his death his widow has lived in Hol- 
den. Mo.; John married a Miss Herrington, and 
both died in this state; Susan married John Lord, 
and both departed this life in Logan County, 
Ohio; Sarah married John Stores, and they are 
now living in Athens, Ohio, engaged in running 
an hotel; Salina also makes her home in that 
city with her husband, Samuel Tanner, who is a 
shoemaker; Charles married Elizabeth Beverage, 
and they live on a farm in Tennessee; Lucinda 
died in the West, together with her husband, 
WilHam Simpson; and Mary is also deceased. 

Upon attaining his majority, our subject went 
to Athens County, Ohio, and there became the 
owner of a tract of eighty acres of land and began 
farming for himself. He made his home in that 
locality for about eight years, and in the mean 
time was married to Miss Elizabeth Allison. The 
ceremony which made them one was performed 
in March, 1847. Mrs. Gibson was born March 
21, 1823, in Maryland, and was the daughter of 
Samuel and Mary Allison, also natives of that 
state, where her father was a tailor by trade. He 
later, however, abandoned this business in order 
to engage in farming, following that industry 
until his decease, which occurred in Athens 
County, Ohio. His wife survived him for a num- 
ber of 3'ears and passed away while a member of 
her daughter's household, in Warrensburg, this 

To Mr. and Mrs. Allison there were born elev- 
en children, six daughters and five sons. They 
were George, Henry, Susan, James, John Wes- 
ley and May, deceased; and Elizabeth, Harriet, 


Adeline, Thomas and Huldah. Harriet married 
John Parks, and they make their home on a farm 
in Jackson County, Ohio; Adeline became Mrs. 
George Earth, and since the decease of her hus- 
band resides in Topeka, Kan. ; and Huldah mar- 
ried John Rice and both live in Camden County, 
this state. 

Mr. Gibson lived on his first purchase of land 
for several years, in the mean time making vari- 
ous improvements. After dispo.sing of it he 
bought another tract in the same county, and 
there lived for sixteen years. He had visited 
the state of Missouri prior to the Civil War, but 
thought it best to remain in his native state until 
the troubles between the North and South had 
been settled. In 1S65, however, he sold his pos- 
sessions in Ohio and started for this state, com- 
ing directly to Warrensburg. Here he rented a 
tract of two hundred acres from Judge Harrison, 
five miles from Warrensburg, making that his 
home for the following two years. He then be- 
came a renter of property just north of his pres- 
ent estate, and was engaged in its cultivation for 
four years. At the expiration of that time he 
bought this place on section 18, Simpson Town- 
ship, where he has made his home ever since. 
For the one hundred and sixty acres which he 
owns he paid $22 per acre. A stood 
on the place, and this Mr. Gibson converted into 
a good dwelling, in which he resides at the pres- 
ent time. May II, 1884, his property was dam- 
aged to the extent of $1,000 by a storm. The 
buildings then laid low were rapidly rebuilt, and 
to-day the estate presents to the passer-by a neat 
and inviting appearance, as it is kept in good re- 
pair and under the best methods of improvement 
by the owner. 

Seven children were born to our subject and 
his wife. John M. , whose birth occurred Decem- 
ber 21, 1847, married Maria Boone, and departed 
this life at Colorado Springs, September 27, 1880; 
his wife is akso deceased. Samuel V. was born 12, 1851; he married Ellen Stewart, and 
they now live near Fayetteville, Mo. Amanda S. , 
who was born September 6, 1849, became the 
wife of John Smith, a carpenter in Kansas City. 
Mary Ann was born October 28, 1853, and was 

first married to Samuel Boone, after whose de- 
cease she became the wife of William Goin; her 
death occurred May 10, 1891. William Henry 
was born September 15, 1855; he chose for his 
companion Bertha Zillmer, and now resides in 
Denver, Colo., where he owns mines. Francis 
Marion was born February 19, 1858, and with 
his wife, formerly MoUie Myers, lives on a farm 
east of our subject. James Madison, who was 
born September 15, 1864, has always lived at 

Mr. Gibson is truly a .self-made man, for when 
he left home he possessed but $50 in cash and a He made a good investment of this small 
capital, and his fortunes increased, until to-day 
he is well-to-do. Besides being Road Overseer ot 
his township, for several terms he occupied the 
position of School Director. Although a Repub- 
lican in his native state, he has voted the Demo- 
cratic ticket since coming to Missouri. Mrs. 
Gibson is a member of the Baptist Church at Fay- 
etteville. Our subject was formerly of the faith 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but since 
leaving that denomination has not identified him- 
self with any other. He has in his possession an 
old Bible belonging to his grandmother, which he 
keeps as a relic of .the William Henry Harrison 
family. Mr. and Mrs. Gibson have taken into 
their home their granddaughter, Lottie Goin, 
who was born September 6, 1885. 

among the capable and efficient agricultur- 
ists of Johnson County stands Mr. Helt, who 
located upon a tract of land in October, 1882, 
which bore no improvement whatever. This pur- 
chase lies on .section 27, town.ship 48, range 25, 
and under his management is made to yield good 

Our subject was born in Jennings County, Ind., 
I on the loth of November, 1854, being the son of 



Charles H. and Martha E. (Hollenbeck) Helt, 
both natives of German}-. The father was born 
on Christmas Day, 1830, and the mother, March 
2, six 3' ears later. The grandparents on the 
mother's side were Jacob and Martha E. Hollen- 
beck, who were farmers in the Fatherland. They 
crossed the Atlantic to the New World verj- man}- 
years ago, and, settling in Wisconsin, there en- 
gaged in farming until the death of the grand- 
father. His wife was again married, and is now 
living in Montana. The paternal grandparents 
of Christopher H. were Charles H. and Anna Isa- 
belle Helt, also of German birth. The grand- 
father worked at his trade of shoemaking in the 
Old Country, but after coming to the United 
States, in the '50s, gave his attention to farming, 
owning property in Jennings County, Ind. In 
1867 he removed to Lafayette County, Mo., 
where both he and his good wife passed away. 
They were the parents of six children, all of whom 
are still living, and of these the father of our 
subject was the eldest. The next in order of 
birth is Chri.stina, who married Fred Schultz, and 
lives on a farm in Grover Township, this county; 
Christopher chose for his companion Rachel 
Backley, and they now reside in Jackson County, 
Ind.; Caroline married William Stigdon, and 
since his death, which occurred in March, 1892, 
has resided with her parents; Henry married 
Jane Couten, and they occupy property in Red 
Willow County, Neb.; Harman H. married Julia 
Meahl, and their home is in Lafayette County. 

The father of the above family had been called 
upon to serve in the German army, but not wish- 
ing to do so took refuge in this country, coming 
hither when twenty years of age. After land- 
ing in New York he went to Peimsylvania and 
for one year thereafter was engaged in farm work, 
his duties being to attend to the stock. From 
that state he then made his way to Columbus, 
Ind., and for the following twelvemonth also 
hired out as a farm hand. His marriage occurred 
about this time, and he established a home of his 
own on rented property in the vicinity of that 
city, two years later removing to Wisconsin, 
where the parents of his wife were living. His 
stay there was short, however, and after one year 

the young couple returned to Indiana and for 
eight years farmed in Jennings County. At the 
expiration of that period we again find them re- 
siding in the State, making it their home for two 

In 1 866 the father crossed the line into Mis- 
souri, renting a farm for two years in Lafayette 
County. About this time he invested money in 
a forty-acre tract near Concordia, and being pros- 
pered in his undertakings from the first, added to 
his purchase from year to year until his pos.sess- 
ions number one hundred and twenty-five well im- 
proved acres, on which he at present resides. To 
himself and wife were born eleven children, sev- 
en of whom are now living: Christopher H. W. , 
of this sketch; Martha, the wife of John Freich- 
ley, a farmer near Valley City; Jennie, Mrs. 
David Brattou, living near the Johnson County 
line in Lafayette County; James, unmarried, and 
engaged in farming in this township; George, 
who married Minnie Walkup, and is also an ag- 
riculturist of this locality; Annie, who makes her 
home with her parents in Lafayette County; and 
Sarah, who is now Mrs. S. L. Canoy, and lives at 
Simpson. The deceased members of the family 
are Nora E., Charles H., Henry and Caroline. 

The original of this sketch remained at home 
aiding in the work of carrying on the farm until 
his marriage, February 25, 1879, with Miss Sarah 
B. Wyre, a native of North Carolina, who was 
born October 19, 1858. Her parents were David 
and Rachel (Collett) Wyre, also natives of that 
state, and farmers by occupation. They came to 
Lafayette County, Mo., in the year 1868, locating 
on property situated near AuUville, which is their 
present place of residence. Mr. Wyre was for 
three terms a member of the School Board, being 
a portion of this time President of that body. 
Of their children, eight in number, one is deceased. 
Mrs. Helt was the eldest, then came Luan, Sam- 
uel Lee, Noville, Jacob, George and Eliza. The 
three last named are still at home. 

After his marriage our subject rented a farm 
near Valley City, and after living there for six 
months moved to Lafayette County and for two 
years farmed on rented property. He then re- 
turned to this county and for the following year 


cultivated the soil of a good farm near Fayette- 
ville. In October, 1882, he purchased forty 
acres of land, which at that time was covered 
with timber. This he has cleared off and placed 
the land under good cultivation. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Heltwere born four children. 
Jennie Lee was born April 30, 1881; Martha Ra- 
chel, May 16, 1885; Phebe was born January 5, 
1887, and died April 17, 1889; and Charles Har- 
man was born August 28, 1889, and died March 
16 of the following year. The parents are mem- 
bers in good standing of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church South and take great interest in the 
work of Zion Hill Congregation. In politics our 
subject is a strong Democrat, but has never as- 
pired to office holding. 



HENRY LOYD. For about thirty-five years 
this gentleman has been a resident of John- 
son County, and has therefore witnessed the 
wonderful transformation wrought in the locality, 
and he himself has been one of the prominent fac- 
tors in its development. He is now living in 
township 45, range 25, on a tract of sixty acres 
which he owns. 

Our subject was born in West Virginia, near 
Parkersburg, Wood County, October 25, 181 1. 
His parents, Thomas and Annie (Richmond) 
lyoyd, were born in the Old Dominion. The 
father of the latter, who bore the name of Will- 
iam Richmond, was a native of Scotland, and 
came to America in a very early day, serving all 
through the Revolutionary War. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject, Elijah Eoyd, was also 
a Revolutionary soldier, serving under the com- 
mand of General Washington. He lived and 
died in Virginia, and became the father of seven 
children, all of whom are deceased. 

Thomas Eoyd was born and reared in Hamp- 
shire County Virginia, but soon after his mar- 
riage moved to Wood County, where he was en- 

gaged in farming for many years, and where he 
lived until his decease, at the remarkable age of 
one hundred and four years. There also his wife 
died, aged ninety-five years. To them were 
granted six daughters and four sons. Of this 
large family all are deceased with the exception 
of William, and Henry, our subject. The for- 
mer lives in Jackson County, W. Va., and is en- 
gaged in farming. 

Henry Eoyd remained at home until his mar- 
riage, February 27, 1S40, with Miss Elizabeth 
Hughes, a native of Jackson County, Va. She 
was the daughter of Thomas Hughes, also a Vir- 
ginian by birth, whose father in turn also bore 
the name of Thomas and was a farmer. 

Our subject continued to live in Jackson Coun- 
ty until the year 1858, when he came by boat to 
Lexington, this state, thence making his way to 
Johnson County. This section was not new to 
him, as he had visited it previously with the hope 
of some day making this county his home. He 
bought one hundred and twenty acres of land 
within three and a-half miles of Hazle Hill, and 
after improving the place made it his home until 
November, 189 1. That year he sold the old 
home place and came to his present farm, which 
includes sixty acres. It is all under the best 
methods of improvement and is as large a place as 
Mr. Loyd cares to have, as he is quite advanced 
in years. 

About 1845 Mrs. Elizabeth Loyd died in Vir- 
ginia, and March 5, 1858, our subject chose as 
his second companion Mrs. Isabel (Crutcher) 
Moore, who was born in Hardin County, Ky., 
Januarj' 31, 1832. Her parents were Robert and 
Elizabeth (McQuiej Crutcher. The former died 
when .she was seven years of age, and four years 
later she accompanied her mottier to Jefferson 
County, Ky. Some time thereafter Mrs. Crutch- 
er returned to the old home farm, where she died. 
Mrs. Loyd continued to live in Jefferson County 
with a married sister until her union with John 
Moore, who died in the Blue Grass State, leav- 
ing a daughter, Katie, who later married Harvey 
Harrison and is living in Henry County, Mo. 

By his union with Elizabeth Hughes, Mr. Loyd 
became the father of three children. Thomas, a 



soldier in the late war, met his death at the bat- 
tle of Perryville; WiUiam married Sarah Will- 
iamson, and lives in Jackson County, W. Va.; 
Henrj' C. married Sarina Williamson, and is now 
deceased; his wife is living in Jackson County, 
W. Va. By his second marriage Mr. Loyd 
reared a family of six children. Mary was born 
December 15, 1858; she married Douglas A. Blake 
and is now living in Texas. Emma, who was 
born August 28, 1861, became the wife of James 
Colburn, and died August 27, 1884. Gussie, who 
was born February 2 1 , 1864, married John Cox, 
and makes her home in Hazle Hill Township. 
Annie was born Februarj^ 9, 1866; and Birdie, 
January 24, 1869. They are both at home, as is 
also Gideon R., who was born October 17, 1876. 
Mr. Loyd has never held any of the township 
offices, but has served efficiently as a member of 
the School Board of his district. He has voted 
the Republican ticket since attaining his majority, 
for it was through the Democratic vote in his na- 
tive state that the free-school system was abol- 
ished, just at the time he should have attended 
school. He enlisted, July 4, 1861, in the Union 
arm}', taking part in the battle of Lexington, 
and was mustered out the same year on the expi- 
ration of his term of enlistment. Mr. Loyd is 
one of the oldest residents of the county and as 
such we are pleased to herewith present his bi- 


QOHN M. CALDWELL, the Circuit Clerk of 
I Johnson Count}', has been twice elected to 
(2/ this responsible and trustworthy position, 
the first time in 1890, and again in 1894. He 
also served as Township Assessor for two years, 
but has never been a great aspirant for political 
honors, though always endeavoring to advance 
the success of the Democratic party, with which 
he has been allied since casting his first Presiden- 
tial ballot for Seymour, in 1S68. 

The father of John M., WiUiam P. C. Cald- 

well, was born in Russellville, Logan County, 
Ky., 22, 1810, being a son of Samuel 
and Anna Caldwell, of Scotch-Irish descent. 
Samuel Caldwell, who was a Brigadier-General 
under General Jackson in the War of 181 2, was 
a lawyer by profession, and in his honor Cald- 
well County, Ky., was named. His eldest child, 
Dr. Robert, became an eminent physician in 
Kentucky, and afterwards in Cass County, Mo. 
He was killed by a locomotive about 1880, at 
Pleasant Hill. The second son, Aaron Burr, 
was a dry-goods merchant during his entire life, 
and died in Caldwell County, Ky. James was a 
life-long invalid. Mary Ann married a Mr. Mor- 
gan and died, leaving five children; and Julia 
A., the }-oungest daughter, married Jonathan 
Keedy. Rev. W. P. C. was the fifth of the fam- 
ily. He received a common-school education 
and learned the tanner's trade in Russellville. 
Afterwards, going to Caldwell County, he estab- 
lished a tannery of his own, and while there mar- 
ried Jane A. Jackson, a native of Kentucky and 
his senior by two years. He was a very dissipat- 
ed and bad man until his conversion, which took 
place when he was about twenty-eight years of 
age. His good wife induced him to attend 
church, and at length her prayers were rewarded, 
for he turned over a new leaf and from that time 
forward was not only a good man, a faithful 
worker in the church, but also preached more or 
less until his death. He had been a member of 
the mihtia and had a great influence for good 
with his comrades. In a few years he sold out 
his tanner}' in order to devote his whole time to 
ministerial labors, and in 1845 he moved to John- 
son County, Mo., and bought a farm sixteen 
miles southeast of Warrensburg. The Sunday 
preceding his death, which occurred December 
19, 1874, he occupied the pulpit, and for the very 
Sunday of his demise had an appointment to 
preach. He was a pioneer in the Missionary 
Baptist Church in this region and did great good. 
His wife died a year before, in 1873. His broth- 
er Samuel was a very influential minister in the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church in Macon Coun- 
ty, Mo. 
John M. Caldwell was born in Jefferson Town- 


ship, Johnson County, Mo., August 22, 1848, his 
twin dying in infancy. He was reared to man- 
hood on his father's large and well equipped farm, 
and received a good common-school education. 
When he was in his twentieth year he went to 
Macon, Tenn., where he attended the Masonic 
College, from which he was graduated in 1869, 
Returning home, he taught a country school in 
the neighborhood for two terms, after which he 
took a trip through the West, visiting Nevada 
and California. Soon after his return to this 
county he was married, and then embarked 
in farming on land owned b^' his father. Until 
1891 he devoted his energies to agricultural pur- 
suits, but of late years has found his time fully 
occupied in the discharge of his official duties. 

September 30, 1874, Mr. Caldwell married 
Annie L- Ford, of this county, and a native of 
Missouri, born August 20, 1855. They have two 
children, Ora S. and Lawrence M. While he 
was yet in his teens, Mr. Caldwell became iden- 
tified with the Missionary Baptist Church, and is 
now Clerk of the congregation of which he is a 
member. Socially he is a member of Cold Spring 
Lodge No. 274, A. F. & A. M., with which he be- 
came connected in 1878. He has filled the posi- 
tions of Junior Warden and Worshipful Master 
and has also served as Treasurer. 

(John E. ROBINSON is considered one 
I of the substantial business men of Johnson 
(2) .Count>-, and, aided by his estimable wife, 
has worked his way to a position of influence and 
financial prosperity within the past two decades. 
His landed po.sse,ssions number some seven hun- 
dred and sixt}' acres of desirable farm land, all of 
which lie within the boundaries of this county. 
His home is on section 23, township 47, range 24, 
only three miles distant from his birthplace. The 
father of our subject, Jehu Robinson, was born in 

Roane County, Tenn., and with his parents came 
to Missouri when only six years of age. He was 
reared in Saline County, but became a resident of 
this county in 1833. He took up his abode in 
what was then called Washington, but since Gro- 
ver. Township. From that time until shortly be- 
fore his death, which occurred October 16, 1886, 
he was engaged in farming and stock-raising. It 
is a strange coincidence that his grandfather, his 
father and himself died at the age of seventy-four 
years. His wife, whose maiden name was Julia 
Ann Oglesby, is still living in Henry County, 
Mo., and is well preserved, though advanced in 

John E. Robinson was born August 23, 1841, 
and is the second in a family numbering six chil- 
dren. He did not receive many educational ad- 
vantages, as his father, who was an extensive 
dealer in live stock, needed the a.ssistance of the 
youth as soon as he was large enough to prove of 
any service. When he was nineteen years old 
the Civil War broke out and he enlisted in Com- 
pany A, Fifth Missouri Infantry, being assigned 
to McCowan's Regiment, Finst Brigade, under 
General Bowen. For two years he was in active 
service with this company, after which he was 
as,signed to Company I, Tenth Missouri Cavalry, 
Marmaduke's Brigade, serving for two years as 
First Lieutenant, and having command of his 
company at the close of the war. October 4, 
1862, he was wounded by a shell in the right 
shoulder and was disabled for a short time, but 
he was strong and hearty and soon recuperated. 
On his return home he found his father financially 
ruined by the ravages of the war, and helped him 
to raise a crop and get on his feet again. The 
following year he came to this county and in 1867 
began farming on his own account. 

The same year Mr. Robinson married Marga- 
ret, daughter of Larkin and Eliza J. (Thornton) 
Hocker. The latter were natives of Kentucky, 
but located in this county in 1834, and were num- 
bered among its most respected citizens. Mrs. 
Hocker died in December, 1894, but the father is 
still living. Mrs. Robinson was born in this lo- 
cality, and by her marriage with our subject be- 
came the mother of four children. Mary Marga- 



ret died when bi:t four years of age; Jehu F. is a 
well known phj'sician of Grover Township; and 
Larkin H. and Eliza A. are both at home. The 
mother is a devoted member of the Christian 
Church and is a lad}- who is beloved b}' all who 
know her. In his political affiliations Mr. Rob- 
inson is a Democrat. 

I— I owner of a well improved farm pleasantly 
[^ situated on section 26, township 48, range 
25, Johnson County. He is well known through- 
out this section, having been a resident here 
since 187 1, and is regarded with the highest re- 
spect and confidence, being a man of good judg- 
ment and unimpeachable integritj-. 

Mr. liamswasbornin Davidson County, N. C, 
August 4, 1S17, and is the son of Thomas and 
Nancy (Carvel) liams, both of whom were born 
in the state of Maryland. There the father was 
a carpenter and millwright, following these trades 
during the greater part of his life. Upon attain- 
ing his majority he married Miss Carvel and 
moved immediately to Davidson County, N. C, 
where they lived until their decease, wdth the ex- 
ception of two years, when the father was em- 
ployed in South Carolina. He departed this life 
at the age of seventy-one years, and his wife at 
the time of her decease had reached the age of 
threescore years and ten. 

The parental household numbered eleven chil- 
dren, only two of whom are now living. Sarah 
married Daniel Divengood, and both died in this 
county; Richard chose for his wife Miss Ellen 
CoUett, and they also lived and died in the above 
county; Henrietta became the wife of Samuel Ce- 
cil, and they departed this life in North Carolina: 
William married Mary Leonard, and they passed 
their entire lives in North Carolina, in which 
state Mary, Mrs. Philip Clinard, also died; Nancy 
is now Mrs. S. T. Stone, and with her husband 
is living in this county, ten miles south of War- 

rensburg; Rachel died aged seventeen years; 
Ellen died in infancy; John also departed this 
life when young; and Thomas is likewise de- 

George W., of this sketch, was the ninth in or- 
der of birth in the above family. He lived at 
home, aiding in the work on the farm until his 
marriage, which occurred April 22, 1838. The 
lady on this occasion was Miss Elizabeth Cecil, a 
native of Davidson County, N. C, and the daugh- 
ter of Benjamin and Osie Cecil, farmers by occu- 
pation, who spent their entire lives in that state. 

After his marriage, George W. rented a tract 
of land for a time, and by the efficient manner in 
which he carried on the affairs of the estate was 
soon enabled to make a purchase of forty acres. 
He lived on this place for ten years, and was then 
induced by his brother, who was living in Mis- 
souri, to sell his farm and invest the money in 
w-estern lands. He accordingly came to Johnson 
County, arriving here June 28, 1858. The trip 
was made overland and consumed nine weeks. 
He visited his brother for a week, spending the 
time in looking around for a suitable location. 
He found a place eleven miles south of Warrens- 
burg, which he rented, but only remained on it 
for six months. At that time there were only a 
few stores and shops in Warrensburg, and the 
court house was very small. 

Mr. liams moved from the above farm to a lit- 
tle place of two acres, on which he built a house 
and lived until the spring of 1865. The next 
change brought him to within five miles of War- 
ren.sburg. Here he rented for two years,_ when 
he crossed the line into Lafayette County, and for 
four years was on rented property in Freedom 
Township. In 1871 he came to his present farm, 
which comprises one hundred and twenty acres. 
The place was at that time covered with timber, 
and Mr. liams has spent many years of hard la- 
bor in its improvement. 

The wife of our subject departed this life in 
August, 1 88 1. She was the mother of twelve 
children, eight of whom are now living. Rachel 
was born in 1839, and now makes her home with 
her father; John, who married Mary Wise, lives 
at home, and his wife is in Kansas; Annie be- 


came the wife of John Hurd, and they make their 
home in Oklahoma; Samuel S. chose for his wife 
MoUie Payne, and they are engaged in farming 
in this county; Esther died when twenty-three 
years of age; Preston departed this life in April, 
1893; Calvin, the twin of Preston, married Me- 
linda Wan, and they reside on a good farm three 
miles southwest of our subject's home; Melvina 
is at home; Hiram and the tenth child are de- 
ceased; Nancy lives with her husband, James 
Iiams, in this township; and Fathie married Co- 
lumbus Payne, and they live in Texas. The chil- 
dren have all been given good educations, and 
are fitted to occupy useful positions m life. Our 
subject, who is greatly interested in the cause of 
education, has been Director in his district for 
several terms, but with this exception has never 
held office. During the war he belonged to the 
Home Guards. In politics he always votes for 
Republican candidates. He is not a member of 
any church organization, but several of his chil- 
dren are identified with religious bodies. 


[5JEORGE T. GAELAHER, whose home is 
|_ on section 9, township 46, range 24, John- 
^_J son County, is one of the most extensive 
land-owners of the county, and no one perhaps is 
better or more favorably known within its limits. 
He has made a specialty of growing hay and rais- 
ing stock, and has invested the large sums of 
money he has realized from these sources in im- 
proved farm land. For many years he was num- 
bered among the leading educators of this coun- 
ty, but ultimately his other interests required his 
entire attention. 

George Gallaher, Sr. , was a native of Tennes- 
see, and was a life-long agriculturist. For one 
term he served as County Judge of Johnson 
County, his decisions being always rendered with 
fairness and impartiality. He was called to the 
home beyond in 1876, and his loss was felt to be 

a public calamity. His faithful companion and 
helpmate, whose maiden name was Sarah Robin- 
son, was likewise a native of Tennessee, and 
passed the days of her girlhood in that state. 
The couple were married there, but settled in 
this county in 1833, and were therefore among 
its early pioneers. Mrs. Gallaher lived to a ripe 
old age, dying in 1881. 

George T. Gallaher is a native of this county, 
born July 6", 1840, and is the youngest in his par- 
ents' family. He attended the country schools, 
and, being assiduous in his pursuit of knowledge, 
managed to acquire a fair education. For a time 
he attended a select school taught by his cousin, 
James Gallaher, and later studied higher mathe- 
matics, civil engineering and surveying. His 
instruction in the latter branches was of a prac- 
tical nature, as he was taught by the surveyors 
of the Missouri Pacific Railway. When in his 
twenty-first year, he obtained a certificate and 
engaged in teaching school, being thus employed 
until the tocsin of war was sounded. 

July 4, 1861, Mr. Gallaher enlisted in Company 
E, Twenty-seventh Missouri Mounted Infantry, 
and was mustered in as First Eieutenant of his 
company at Jefferson City, Mo., being engaged 
in active service for two years. At' Eexington 
most of the command was captured, and the regi- 
ment was thoroughly disorganized. The young 
Lieutenant's health was failing, and he returned 
to the peaceful avocations of life. Shortly after- 
ward he was elected County Surveyor, and satis- 
factorily filled the position for six years. On 
the termination of his public service, he resumed 
teaching during the winter months, and was em- 
ployed at farming during the remainder of the 
year. He now owns seven hundred and twenty 
acres of desirable land, all of which is located 
within the boundaries of this county. 

January 7, 1864, Mr. Gallaher wedded Mary 
C, daughter of Jacob and Sophia (Prigmore) 
Knaus, who were pioneer settlers of this region. 
Mrs. Gallaher was born here, and has spent her 
entire life in this community. Four children 
came to bless the marriage of our subject and 
his wife. The eldest died in infancy, and the 
others are as follows: Henry E-, born May 17, 



1868; James T., January 15, 1870; and Fannie 
M., July 10. 1873. They are all living at home 
with their parents, and James is conducting a 
jewelry business in this place. 

For some fourteen years past Mr. Gallaher has 
been Surveyor of Johnson County, and has ably 
acquitted himself of the responsibilities resting 
upon him. Politically he uses his ballot in favor 
of the Democracy. In the Cumberland Presby- 
terian Church of this place our subject and his 
estimable wife are numbered among the leading 
members and active workers. 



I EVI McMURPHY. Few men have had to 
I C endure more privations and overcome more 
l_2f obstacles in order to reach success than our 
subject. He was earl^' thrown upon his own re- 
sources and met with very hard treatment in 
his youth. However, he possessed the qualities 
which bring success, and perhaps these very 
hardships brought out the self-reliant and inde- 
pendent characteristics which have made him the 
man that he is to-day. For several years he has 
been numbered among the enterprising farmers 
of township 45, range 26, Johnson County, where 
he owns four hundred and eighty-five acres. His 
homestead is known as the old' Gardiner Place, 
and is situated six miles to the south of Warrens- 

Mr. McMurphy was born in Hardin County, 
111., April 6, 1857, and is a son of LaFayette and 
Curtie (Joiner) McMurphy, both likewise natives 
of Hardin County. The father of the former, 
Madison McMurphy, emigrated from Ireland to 
the Prairie State in the early part of this century, 
and, like his son LaFayette, was a farmer by oc- 
cupation. While still a mere lad our subject was 
deprived of the care and protection of his parents 
by death. He worked for farmers, receiving his 
board and clothes until able to earn wages. 

November 12, 1877, Levi McMurphy and Mar- 
tha M., daughter of Miles Hicks, were united in 

marriage. For three years they lived on a rent- 
ed farm in Hardin County, after which they set- 
tled on a farm of one hundred and twenty acres of 
timber-land in the same county, this being pur- 
chased by our subject about 1879. I" 18S0 he 
traded the farm for eighty acres in Pope County, 
111., but after operating the place for three years, 
sold out to good advantage and came to this coun- 
ty, renting land for three years from J. H. Gard- 
iner. Afterwards purchasing a part of the farm, 
he and his worthy wife took care of Mr. Gardin- 
er's sister and of him as long as he lived. 

To Mr. and Mrs. McMurphy were born seven 
children, six of whom are living: Loy, Pearl, 
James B., John H., William and Levi, Jr. Mary 
Alice, who was the eldest of the family, is de- 

In regard to politics our subject has always 
been a stanch supporter of the Republican party. 
He takes commendable interest in whatever per- 
tains to the upbuilding and improvement of the 
neighborhood in which he makes his home and 
where he possesses the confidence and respect of 
his fellows to an eminent degree. 

^^ •^••^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^•^••^• i)^' 

(TOHN SHUMATE is a well known farmer of 
I township 46, range 25, Johnson County, and, 
(2/ with the exception of a year spent in War- 
rensburg on account of his health, he has made 
his home on this farm since arriving at man's es- 
tate. He is in every sense of the word a prac- 
tical and progressive farmer, and has steadily in- 
creased the value of his place by judicious 
expenditure of time and money. In his political 
faith he is a Democrat, having always used his 
ballot in behalf of the men and principles of his 
party. He is one of the native sons of this town- 
ship, his birth having occurred on his father's 
farm, only a mile and a-half distant from his pres- 
ent home, January i, 1842. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
natives of Henry County, Va., but died in North 



Carolina, where thej^ had operated a farm for 
some years. Of their large family John Shumate 
knows httle, but has recollections of three of his 
uncles, Isaac, John and Tohver. His parents 
were James and Susannah (Adams) Shumate, 
both natives of Wilkes County, N. C. The former 
emigrated to Missouri with the Adams family, 
making the trip by wagon, and came direct to 
this county, having only about fifty cents when 
he arrived here. He at once located on a farm 
on section 35, being one of the first settlers in 
this vicinity. After clearing the land he built a 
house, and for some time kept "bachelor's hall." 
For several years after his marriage he lived on 
that farm, but later he moved to a large farm ad- 
jacent to the one now owned by our subject. In 
time he became the owner of six hundred acres, 
all of which he improved. After living for a few 
years on section 5, he sold the place and moved 
to Warren.sburg, where he bought property. He 
never held any offices in the county except that 
of Road Overseer, although he was a very promi- 
nent man. His death occurred December 10, 
1883, and his wife's demise occurred February 
24, 1882. John Shumate is one of ten children, 
being the fourth in order of birth. William, born 
May 9, 1836, died January 20, 1875. Eleanor, 
born February 17, 1838, married John Smith, of 
North Carolina (now deceased), and died March 
3, 1864. Lizzie, wife of Harvey Hayes, is now 
living in Oklahoma. Martin, born Aprils, 1844, 
married Celina Thomas, and is engaged in farm- 
ing in Hickory County, Mo. Lucinda, born De- 
cember 14, 1846, is the wife of James Moody, a 
retired citizen of Warrensburg. Nancy J., born 
February 19, 1850, died November 24, 1853. 
Isaac, born November 9, 1852, died May 25, 1853. 
Margaret is the wife of Frank Adams, a mer- 
chant of Hazle Hill; and Jackson married Wal- 
lace Knight and lives about seven miles from our 
subject's home. 

On arriving at his twenty-first year, John Shu- 
mate enlisted in Company G, Seventh Missouri 
Cavalry, under Colonel Phillips. Though he par- 
ticipated in a number of skirmishes, he was in 
no important engagements. He was sent on a 
march into Arkansas and was granted an honora- 

ble discharge at Sedalia, Mo., August 31, 1863. 
Returning home, he soon learned that Price's 
army was advancing, and was forced to shoulder 
his gun and help drive him back to Kansas City. 
For two days and nights he was in the thickest 
of the battle of the Big Blue, being under the 
command of George Grover and Major Foster. 

March 31, 1864, the marriage of John Shumate 
and Jane, daughter of William H. and Mary 
(Childers) De Annond, was celebrated. She 
was a native of Blount County, Tenn., of which 
state her parents were likewise natives. In their 
early married life they lived in Blount County, 
later in Bradley County, and about 1852 removed 
from Polk County to this section. At first they 
rented a farm, then for a time resided on the Dr. 
Lea Place, and sub.sequently bought a farm east 
of there, on which they dwelt several years. 
Then selling out, Mr. De Armond bought a home 
in Knobnoster, where he died in November, 1884. 
Mrs. Shumate is one of nine children, the others 
being: MeUssa, Mrs. Robert Robinson; Margaret, 
who first married Lawson Robinson, and is now 
the wife of William Stewart; David, who mar- 
ried Mary Goodnight; Mrs. Purnel Upton; Mrs. 
Mary Willis; William, whose wife was formerly 
Josie Cauffman; Ellen, Mrs. Robert Early; and 
Thomas, who married Lillie Price, and is living 
in Ventura County, Cal., with his elder brother, 

After his marriage John Shumate managed his 
father's farm for nearly a year, living in a sepa- 
rate house, however. At the end of that time his 
father gave him a tract of sixty -four acres, and 
until 1866 he and his young wife lived in a hum- 
ble house which stood on the place. He then 
built the substantial structure which has since 
been his home. He has made all the improve- 
ments on the place, including a fine barn and 
other buildings and a fine orchard. 

Three children came to bless the union of Mr. 
and Mrs. Shumate. MoUie, born March 8, 1866, 
was married, March 29, 1883, to Jerry Sullivan, 
by whom she has had three children, Lola Pearl, 
Johnny and Jamie. Mr. Sullivan has been en- 
gaged in farming near our subject, but is now 
absent on business enterprises in Arizona. James 



William, born October 23, 1869, is in business 
with his Uncle David in Ventura, Cal. Henry J., 
born October 28, 1878, is attending school and 
helping his father on the farm. Mr. Shumate 
has neither held nor aspired to public office, but 
served efficiently at one time as Road Overseer. 
His wife is a member of the Baptist Church at 

(lOSEPH H. ROTHWELL, a native-born 
I citizen of Johnson County, who since attain- 
(2/ ing manhood has identified himself with ag- 
ricultural and stock-raising interests, is prosper- 
ously carrying on his vocation on the old home- 
stead on section 15, township 47, range 24, which 
was the place of his birth. 

The subject of this biographical review was 
born September 25, 1855, and is the sixth in 
order of the famil}^ of James E. and Marj- S. 
(Ramsey) Rothwell. The parents were born in 
the Old Dominion, where they spent their early 
lives. The removal to Missouri was undertaken 
in 1839, when they settled upon the land now 
occupied by Joseph H. Here the father was act- 
ively engaged in its cultivation for many years, 
but during his later years lived in retirement, 
passing awaj- March 8, 1894, when ripe in years. 
His good wife preceded him to the land beyond, 
dying in 1875. 

Joseph first carried on his studies in the district 
school, and after becoming familiar with all the 
branches taught therein pursued his studies fur- 
ther in the State Normal at Warrensburg. His 
life work has been that of a farmer, which he 
finds a profitable vocation, and he now has under 
his charge two hundred and forty acres of as fine 
land as can be found in Johnson County. He is 
a young man of sterling, upright character, pos- 
sessing excellent business ability, as is .shown by 
the success which has attended his efforts as an 

The lady to whom Mr. Rothwell was married 
February i, 1883, was Miss AUena, daughter of 
Rev. A. F. and Priscilla Scruggs, who, it is 
presumed, were natives of Tennessee and Ken- 
tucky, respectiveh'. Their daughter, however, 
was born in this state, in 1857, ^"^^ was given a 
good education in the schools near her home. 
She is now the mother of five children, namely: 
Clay bourne Franklin, Joseph Ernest, William 
Lawrence, Roy L. and Allena. 

Both our subject and his wife are members of 
the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. Their 
home is the abode of comfort and a center from 
which pleasing influences extend. In politics 
Mr. Rothwell is in sympathy with the Demo- 
cratic party, but is not an office-seeker. He is 
noted for integrity and honesty, which character- 
istics have been maintained throughout adversity 
and prosperity alike. 

one of the most able practitioners of John- 
son County, enjoys a large and paying 
practice in Warrensburg, where he has been lo- 
cated since August, 1871. In 1877 he was ap- 
pointed Pension Examining Surgeon, and held the 
place sixteen years, being Secretary of the Board 
much of the time. He is a member of the Amer- 
ican Institute of Homeopathy, the Western Acad- 
emy, and the Missouri Institute of Homeopath}'. 
In 1879 he was President of the last-named or- 
ganization, and is now an honorary member of 
the Kansas State Institute of Homeopathy. Be- 
fore these various societies he has frequently read 
papers, and has taken part in discussions before 

The parents of the Doctor were James F. and 
Ruth J. (Brown) Hedges. The former is a na- 
tive of Bourbon County, Ky., and of English de- 
scent, some of his ancestors having settled in 
Maryland as early as 1534. The mother was 
born in Nicholas County, Ky., and was of Irish 


descent. James F. Hedges, who is still living, 
was born in 1822, and moved to Putnam Connty, 
Ind., in 1S52, bm'ing a farm of two hundred 
and forty acres, on which Carpentersville was 
afterwards laid out. Mr. Hedges soon sold his 
place, buying another farm, on which he lived 
until 1856. Then, going to Macoupin County, 
111., he invested in a large farm, which he culti- 
vated several years. During the war he moved 
to Girard, 111., where he remained until 1869, 
and then, on account of business reverses, went 
to Emporia, Kan., where he owned land. In 
1872 he came to this city, but after living here a 
year went to Fredonia, Kan., and in 1881 moved 
to Rich Hin, Mo. His wife died at the latter 
place in 18S2, leaving seven children, one hav- 
ing preceded her to the better land. 

Dr. W. E. Hedges was born in Bath County, 
Ky., December 17, 1842, and received a good 
education, attending the academy at Scottville, 
111., about three years. In the spring of 1862 he 
taught a country school two miles and a-half from 
home, and received $20 a month in gold. Au- 
gust 13 of that year he enlisted in Company B, 
One Hundred and Twenty-second Illinois Infan- 
try, and was assigned to the Army of the Ten- 
nessee. He came within three votes of being 
elected Lieutenant, but on account of his youth 
preferred to serve as a private. In the battle 
of Parker's Cross Roads, in western Tennes- 
see, his company w^as cut to pieces, and Decem- 
ber 31, 1862, the bursting of a shell knocked 
young William over, but did not injure him to any 
extent. From April 15 to 25 following he was 
in the fight at Town Creek, Ala., and July 14, 
1864, he fought in the noted battle of Tupelo, 
Miss. Then, starting after Price, the company 
followed him to Missouri, and in October, 1864, 
marched from the barracks at St. Louis, by way 
of Jefferson City, Sedalia and Independence, to 
Harri-sonville, Mo., and back, by Pleasant Hill, 
Lexington, Glasgow, Columbia and St. Charles, 
to their .starting point, a distance of about seven 
hundred miles, all inside of sixty days. In 
the battle of Nashville, December 15 and 16, 
1864, the regiment lost twenty-six -men. Thence 
they were sent on a march to Eastport, Miss., 

from there were transported to New Orleans, and 
later went by steamer to Mobile. April g and 10 
they assisted in taking Spanish Fort and Ft. 
Blakeley, losing about twenty in killed and wound- 
ed. Arriving in Montgomery, Ala., after a march 
of over two hundred miles, they learned of Lin- 
coln's assassination and Lee's surrender. Re- 
turning to Mobile, Mr. Hedges was made mail 
messenger, running from that point to New Or- 
leans by boat, and receiving extra pay during his 
six weeks' service in that capacity. He was mus- 
tered out July 15, and arrived in Springfield, 111., 
August 4, 1865. 

Resuming his interrupted educational progress. 
Dr. Hedges entered Lombard University, in Gales- 
burg, 111., the following Sentember, and attended 
that institution until February, 1867. He would 
have graduated in June, but was obliged to leave 
on account of his brother's illness. While teach- 
ing .school in 1862, he had read medicine with Dr. 
J. P. Mathews, and now again took up the study 
with Dr. Fountain Jones, of Girard, 111. In Octo- 
ber, 1867, he entered Hahnemann College, in Chi- 
cago, and at the close of the year's work prac- 
ticed with his preceptor. In the fall of 1868 he 
went to St. Louis, and in February of the follow- 
ing year was duly graduated from the Missouri 
Homeopathic Medical College. Returning to 
Girard, he engaged in practice until August, 1871. 

Politically Dr. Hedges is prominent in the 
ranks of the Republican party, having been a 
member of the Congressional Committee of the 
Sixth District and Temporary Chairman of the 
Congressional Convention of the Sixth District 
at their meeting in Butler, Mo. Three times has 
he been elected as Mayor of the city, and for 
five years was President of the School Board and 
Chairman of the Educational Committee. He 
helped to organize the Johnson County Building 
Association, of which he has since been Presi- 
dent, and is a Director and stockholder in the 
People's Bank of Warrensburg and the Center 
View Bank. For three years he has been a 
Knight Templar, and was made Master Mason 
in 1865. With the Ancient Order of United 
Workmen he holds the rank of Select Knight. 

Since 1857 Dr. Hedges has been a member of 



the Christian Church, and a very active worker. 
For fifteen years or more he has been an Elder, 
and he is also a member of the State Board of 
Missions. May 30, 1877, he was united in mar- 
riage with Virginia Gilkeson, who was born in 
Warrensburg, September 20, 1856. She gradu- 
ated from the normal in 1875, and is much inter- 
ested in literary and religious work. She is Cor- 
responding Secretary of the Christian Woman's 
Board of Missions of Missouri, and for three years 
was President of the Equal Suffrage Association 
of Missouri. 

NENRY C. CONNER is the proprietor of the 
Star Mills and Elevator of Holden, Johnson 
County. The plant is a very fine one, and 
is equipped with modern appliances and ma- 
chinery. The elevator handles two hundred 
thousand bushels of wheat, one hundred and fifty 
thou^nd bushels of corn, and fifty thousand 
bushels of oats annually, while the mill has a 
capacity of one hundred barrels of flour per day. 
He recently added to the mill a full roller corn- 
meal process, by which one hundred barrels of 
meal are ground each day. 

The parents of our subject, Charles and Mary 
(Groves) Conner, were early settlers of Hardin 
County, Ohio, locating there about 1835. Grand- 
father Conner was of German-Irish lineage. 
H. C. is the eldest of four children, and as his fa- 
ther died when he was but eight years of age, the 
burden of the family support fell on his shoulders 
at an early day. The mother managed to keep 
her children together, and was greatly assisted 
by our subject. Notwithstanding the fact that 
he had to work at such a tender age, he obtained 
a fair education, for he was an apt pupil. 

In 1862 he enlisted in Company B, Forty- 
fifth Ohio Infantry, with Captain Ammerman and 
Colonel Runkle, and for about a year was in the 
mounted infantry service on scouting duty in 
Kentucky and Tennessee, fighting with the cav- 


airy. Later he went from Resaca to Atlanta, un- 
der Sherman's command, returning with Thomas 
to Nashville. He took part in many engage- 
ments and pursued Morgan through Ohio. The 
only wound he received was at Cheshire, Ohio, 
and from the effects of this he was laid up in the 
hospital in Cincinnati and was later transferred 
to Camp Dennison. It was impossible for him to 
rejoin his regiment until January following, and 
when at Bull's Gap he learned of the surrender 
of Lee. At Columbus, Ohio, he was mustered 
out, in June, 1865. 

Going back to the old farm, he resumed its 
management, and attended school four months. 
By hard study he progressed rapidly and on tak- 
ing an examination obtained a certificate to teach. 
This calling he followed during the winter of 
1867 and 1868. In the fall of the latter year he 
started West, leaving the farm in charge of his 
brother, and, settling in Holden, entered into 
partnership with J. G. Cope, buying and selling 
grain. He saved about $400, which served as 
capital stock for his new enterprise. At the end 
of three years his partner retired from the firm 
and he conducted the business alone until 1876, 
then becoming associated with J. H. Smith. 
They put up a mill and used the old-style stone 
burrs. In 1885 M^- Smith withdrew and Mr. 
Conner reconstructed the mill, placing therein a 
complete roller process. In 1891 he built an 
elevator across the railroad tracks, with a capa- 
city of seventy-five thousand bushels, and in 
1894 he added another story to the mill and made 
additional improvements. 

Mr. Conner is a Republican, and cast his first 
vote for President Lincoln when in the army in 
1864. After serving for two years in the Thirty- 
fourth General Assembly he received the nomina- 
tion for re-election and ran ahead of his ticket, 
though he was beaten, as the opposite party had 
over three hundred majority in his district. He 
is a charter member of Holden Lodge No. 262, 
A. F. & A. M., and has been High Priest of the 
chapter. The Grand Army Post at Holden 
claims him as one of its members, and he has 
served on the staff of the State Commander one 


December 30, 1875, Mr. Conner married Miss 
Emma Cheney, who was born in IlHnois, and 
came to this state in girlhood. Three children 
have blessed the union of our subject and wife. 
Nettie E. graduated in the Class of '94 from both 
the scientific and musical departments of the 
seminary at Liberty, Mo.; Fred, a lad of ten 
years, is in the public school; and Fannie is the 
youngest. The parents are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and are highly es- 
teemed by all who have the pleasure of their 

(f AMES MUDD, one of the .self-made, enter- 

I prising agriculturists of township 46, range 
(*/ 25, is one of the large land-owners of John- 
son County, and was born in Yorkshire, England, 
September 22, 1834. His parents were Robert 
and Alice (Jackson) Mudd, also natives of that 
shire, where the former was a lead-smelter, fol- 
lowing that business nearly all his life. 

The maternal grandparents were also born in 
England and died in Yorkshire. The paternal 
grandparents, Alexander and Isa belle Mudd, 
were farmers in Yorkshire, and there lived and 
died. They became the parents of ten children, 
all of whom departed this life in that country. 

Robert and Alice Mudd also reared a family of 
ten children, of whom Ehzabeth died in England; 
Alexander came to America, but after one year 
returned to his native land and there died; James 
was the third-born; William, who came to the 
United States soon after our subject, was first en- 
gaged in silver mining in Nevada, and afterward 
embarked in farming in California until his de- 
cease; Isabelle died in England; Robert is now 
living in Yorkshire; George, who came to this 
country with his brother William, is now farming 
in California; John is in England; and Stepheii 
and Thomas are deceased. 

The original of this sketch lived at home until 
fourteen years of age, but, the family being large, 

he was then compelled to look out for himself. 
He engaged in lead mining and lived in his na- 
tive shire until setting sail for America. This 
change in his life occurred in 1859, when he em- 
barked alone on the ship ' 'Emerald Isle, ' ' and was 
on the water about five weeks. On being landed 
in New York, he went direct to Ontario, Canada, 
and for about four or five years farmed on rented 
land near Kingston. He then crossed the line 
into the United States and engaged in work in 
the copper mines of Lake Superior, being thus 
employed when the Civil War closed, at which 
time he left for Tennessee. 

Mr. Mudd has been twice married. His first un- 
ion occurred in England, when he married Anna 
Snowden, also a native of Yorkshire. She ac- 
companied her husband on the journey to Amer- 
ica and removed with him to this county, dying 
at Knobnoster, December 20, 1877. Of the ten 
children born to their union five are now living. 
George married Annie Eimeback and at present 
makes his home in Lexington, Lafayette County, 
engaged in mining; Judith married Robert Land- 
ingham, and makes her home on a farm near War- 
rensburg; James chose for his wife Dora Martin, 
and they make their home on the estate of our 
subject; Hannah married John Landingham, and 
they are also farmers of this locality; and William 
is unmarried and lives at home, aiding in the 
work of carrying on the farm. Of the five de- 
ceased, three died unnamed; Robert passed away 
at the age of two years, and Alexander when 
seven years of age. 

Mr. Mudd left Lake Superior in 1865, and, go- 
ing to Tennessee, engaged to work in the Acme 
Mines, which were fifty miles from Chattanooga. 
He was there less than a year, and upon deciding 
to turn his attention to farming came to this coun- 
ty, in the spring of 1866, and invested his capital 
in eighty acres of land two miles from Knobnos- 
ter. He made his home there about thirteen 
years and then came to his present location. His 
place here includes three hundred and twenty 
acres of some of the finest land in Johnson 

September 22, 1890, our subject married Sa- 
rah Frances Drinkwater, a native of Indiana, 



having been born in Shelbyville. They have an 
adopted daughter named Gracie Bradley, a niece 
of our subject's, whom they have taken as their 
own. Mrs. Mudd is a very estimable and intelli- 
gent lady and a worthy member of the Baptist 

For many years Mr. Mudd was a Democrat, 
but he is now a Third Party man. He has made 
his own way in life since fourteen years of age, 
and is therefore self-made in both an educational 
and financial way. A practical farmer and an 
honest, upright citizen, he has always tried to do 
his duty as a friend and neighbor, and in this re- 
spect has been successful, as is shown by the es- 
teem in which he is held by the communitj'. 






U good farm on section 32, township 48, range 
I I 25, Johnson County, has been a resident of 
this section since 1876. He was born in Schuyler 
County, 111., May 15, 1837, andisthesonof Coston 
and Kizzie (Horney) Bodenhamer, both of whom 
were born in North Carolina. The paternal grand- 
parents of our subject were Pennsylvanians, but 
many years ago they located in North Carolina, 
giving their attention to farm pursuits. Of their 
family of children three are all of whom we have 
any record. Of these, William is deceased ; John 
is farming in North Carolina; and Coston is the 
father of our subject. 

Coston Bodenhamer was married in his native 
state, where he lived for some time thereafter on 
a farm. He then moved to Schuyler County, 
111. , where he became the possessor of a farm and 
lived until 1856. That year we find him resid- 
ing in Lafayette County, this state, farming on 
rented property located five miles from Concordia. 
He made this place his home for two years, and 
then came to Johnson County, settling east of 
Cornelia. He was very prosperous in his under- 
takings in this section, and at one time was the 

owner of the present site of that town. After a 
residence there of five years he returned to Lafay- 
ette County, settling just north of Simpson Post- 
office, which was his home at the time of his 
wife's death, in. April, 1862. His household then 
being broken up, he left the farm, and for the fol- 
lowing five years lived with his son-in-law in 
Cornelia. Being desirous of once more trying his 
fortunes as a farmer, he went to Linn County, 
Kan., and, purchasing a small tract of land there, 
was engaged in its cultivation a few years. Fi- 
nally retiring from labor, he lived with his son 
Philip, at whose home he died about 1882. 

The parents of our subject had ten children, of 
whom the two youngest died in infancy unnamed. 
Philip married Sarah Bilderback, and is now a 
resident of Greelej- County, Kan. ; Solomon died 
at the home of our subject in 1877; Alson G. was 
the third-born; Jane became the wife of John 
Wesley Sullivan, and lives on a farm in Texas; 
William chose for his wife Amanda Hart, and is 
living in Idaho; John Wesley married Lizzie 
Vandeventer, who is now deceased, and he makes 
his home one and one-half miles east of our sub- 
ject; Eliza is now Mrs. John Hendreliter, of 
Miami County, Kan.; and Martha died at the 
age of fifteen years. 

After attaining his majority, our subject com- 
menced working for other parties, and at first 
operated a threshing-machine, receiving $1.75 
per day. His employers soon, however, hired 
him at $28 per month, and he continued to work 
for them for nine months, in the mean time sav- 
ing a snug amount from his earnings. He was 
married, November 15, 1857, to Esther Worth- 
ington, who was born September 12, 1836, in 
Davidson County, N. C. She was the daughter 
of Brooks and Hannah (Green) Worthington, 
also natives of that state, where they were farm- 
ers. Brooks Worthington was also an expert 
shoemaker, and after his removal to Indianapolis, 
Ind., worked at this business for one year. In 
1840, however, he came to Missouri, choosing 
Lafayette County as his future home. There the 
wife and mother died in 1855. Mr. Worthington 
was again married, the lady on this occasion be- 
ing Lucy Lanear. He continued to make his 



home on that farm until the decease of his second 
companion, when he moved to California, where 
his daughter was living. On his return from the 
Golden State, he spent a few years on the old 
place, and then went to Carroll County, Ark., 
where he died, December 24, 1894, at the age of 
eighty-eight years. 

By his first marriage Mr. Worthington became 
the father of nine children. Charles married 
Margaret Meadows, and is now living in Califor- 
nia; Joab married Eliza Alkire, and is now de- 
ceased, but his wife makes her home in Indian 
Territory; John never married, and died during 
the late war; Elizabeth is now Mrs. Johnson 
Mulky, and lives in California; Mrs. Bodenham- 
er was the next-born; Jacob chose for his wife 
Elmira Couch, and they make their home on a 
farm in Boone County, Ark. ; David is single, 
and is a resident of the Golden State; Ellen mar- 
ried James Fulkerson, and both are deceased; and 
Catherine died when six years old. 

Soon after his marriage our subject moved to a 
farm near Cornelia, this county, and after a resi- 
dence there of four years returned to Lafayette 
County, where he had been living, making his 
home there from 1861 to 1876. In the mean 
time, August 4, 1863, he enlisted in Company A, 
Seventh Missouri Infantry, under Captain Tag- 
gart and Col. Henry Neale. The only engage- 
ment in which he participated was at Lone Jack, 
Jackson County. He was honorably discharged 
November 24, 1863, on account of di.sability, and, 
returning to his home, resided there until his re- 
moval to Johnson County. 

Mr. Bodenhamer purchased one hundred acres 
on locating within the confines of this county, 
but now has only eighty acres, having sold the 
other twenty at a good price. To him and his 
wife there were born eight children, only four of 
whom are living. Sarah was born in 1859, and 
died when five years old. Julia was born in 186 1, 
and since her marriage to John Green lives a 
mile and a-half from the old home. Charlie was 
born in 1864; he married Laura Bay less, and 
lives on a good farm three miles southwest of 
Hazle Hill, this county. Fanny is the wife of 
Joseph Bayless, and they make their home near 

the estate of Mr. Green. Lester died July 23, 
1 89 1, at the age of seventeen years. William is 
at home. John's death occurred when in his fifth 
year, and Margaret L. died in infancy. 

Mrs. Bodenhamer is a member of the Cumbei- 
land Presbyterian Church, and takes an active 
interest in church work. She is a estimable 
lady, and, with her husband, enjoys the sincere 
friendship and esteem of a large circle. Her 
grandfather, Joab Worthington, was Captain in 
the Revolutionary War, and died in Lafayette 
County. Our subject uses his right of franchise 
in favor of the Republican party, and is always 
to be found on the side of advancement and the 
upholding of the cause of liberty. 


f2|E0RGE W. SMALTZ, a highly respected 
l_ and substantial farmer of Johnson County, 
V_>| resides in township 45, range 25, where he 
has a valuable homestead, comprising eighty- 
seven acres. Upon the place may be noticed a sub- 
stantial residence and dther farm buildings, all 
of which our subject caused to be erected. He 
is a native of Virginia, and was born in Rocking- 
ham County, October 31, 1823. 

The parents of our subject, by name George 
and Catherine (Rader) Smaltz, were also born in 
the Old Dominion, and there spent their entire 
lives, engaged in agricultural pursuits. The 
grandfather, Conrad Smaltz, came to the United 
States from Germany, and after locating in Rock- 
ingham County engaged in business there until 
his decease. He reared to manhood two sons, 
George and John, both of whom are now de- 

The brothers and sisters of our subject were 
five in number. Henry died in Virginia. John 
married Susanna Dinkle, but the latter is now 
deceased, and he lives in Maryland. Ann mar- 
ried Colonel Long, who was taken prisoner dur- 
ing the late war and starved to death in Cape 
May. She is now living in West Virginia. Will- 



iam married Clarissa Hanna, and they make their 
home on a fine farm in Ohio. Mary Catherine 
married John Linsey, and is a resident of Carroll- 
ton, Mo. 

The original of this sketch was given a good 
education, and the year he attained his majority 
commenced teaching in Hampshire County, Va. 
This vocation he found to be very congenial, and 
for fifteen years he taught in the districts in that 
county. During this time. May 27, 1848, he was 
married to Matilda Orndorff, whose birth oc- 
curred in Virginia, February 16, 1829. Her par- 
ents, William and Margaret (Sweeny) Orndorf, 
are now deceased, the father passing away while 
a resident of Lewis Count3^ Mo., and the mother 
dying in Carroll County, this state. 

Mr. Smaltz continued to teach for several years 
after his marriage, after which he purchased a 
farm in Hampshire County, Va., and for the 
seven years following was engaged in its cultiva- 
tion. In i860 he took up the line of march West, 
and for the same length of time taught school and 
superintended the operation of a tract of land in 
Clinton County, Ohio. Thinking that better op- 
portunities lay before him in the farther West, he 
came to Missouri, choosing a home first in Jack- 
son County, where he fa'rmed for four years. His 
next move was to Cass County, but his stay there 
was only of seven months' duration, when he next 
located in Carroll County, purchasing a small 
tract of land there, which he operated in connec- 
tion with running a saw and grist mill. For four 
years he was very profitably employed, but at 
the end of that time he sold these enterprises and 
his land and moved to Johnson County. This 
was the year in which the grasshoppers infested 
the country, and as he found them verj' trouble- 
some he journeyed to Carroll County, and there 
made his home until 1873, the year of his final 
advent into Johnson County. That year he pur- 
chased his present farm, and has made his home 
here ever since. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Smaltz there have been born 
eight children. The eldest. Napoleon, married 
Mattie Stevenson, and is now farming in this 
county. Robert M. married Lou Cecil, and they 
also make their home in this section. William 

G. is at home. Maria is now Mrs. Columbus 
Cecil, and lives at Shanghai, this county. Net- 
tie became the wife of Irwin Hill, and makes her 
home in Quincy, 111. James is at home; and 
Margaret and Virginia are deceased. 

Mr. Smaltz has never sought office, finding 
that he has all he can do to manage his farm. 
He is a stanch Democrat in politics, and is espec- 
ially interested in the cause of education in his 
neighborhood. With his wife, he is a member in 
good standing of the Cumberland Presbyterian 

. ' ^ P ' 

INOR GILMORE is a highly respected and 
well-to-do agriculturist of Johnson County, 
residing on section 12, township 45, range 
25. He is a native of this state, having been 
born in Morgan County, October 8, 1845. His 
parents, Scott and Nancy (Burch) Gilmore, were 
born, respectively, in Kentucky and Tennessee. 
They first located on a farm in Morgan County, 
this state, prior to the birth of our subject. This 
tract Scott Gilmore entered from the Govern- 
ment, and there the parents continued to live 
for many years. On selling their estate they re- 
moved to Pettis County, where they had a large 
tract of land within twenty miles of Sedalia. 

The parents of our subject carried on farming 
and stock-raising on the above farm until their 
return to Morgan County. The farm which they 
then purchased was two hundred and eighty acres 
in extent, and it was on this property that Minor 
was born, the father dying there nine years later. 
Mrs. Gilmore lived to the age of threescore years 
and ten. Her children were seven in number, 
those besides our subject being William, John, 
Giles, Jane, Lean and Monroe, all deceased. 

Minor Gilmore when quite young assumed 
the responsibility of caring for and supporting 
his widowed mother. He sold the old place two 
years before her death and removed seven miles 
northeast of the homestead, where they were 
renters. After the death of his mother he con- 



tinued to make his home on that place with a 
brother until his marriage, in 1877, to Miss 
Nancy A. Kendrick. She was the daughter of 
Henry and Elizabeth Kendrick, who were then 
living in Pettis County, and was born in 1859. 

On establishing a home of his own, our subject 
rented a farm two miles from Florence, where he 
lived for two years. His wife died in the mean 
time, but he continued to live there until remov- 
ing to Pettis County, a few months later. While 
there he lived with his father-in-law, and a year 
threafter took up his abode with them in Johnson 
County, whither they had removed. For four 
years he was an inmate of their household, and 
at the end of that time was married to Miss 
Louisa Atwood, a native of North Carolina. Her 
parents are still living, the mother making her 
home on the farm in Dallas County, this state, 
while Mr. Atwood is a resident of Tennessee. 

After his second union Mr. Gilmore located on 
a piece of property one-half mile south of his 
present estate, but only lived there three years, 
when he moved to another tract two miles south- 
west. His stay there was of short duration, for 
within a year we find him living on the former 
place, where he made his home for eight years. 
He then took up his abode on his well improved 
farm located near Pleasant Point Church. Mrs. 
Louisa Gilmore was called hence in June, 1893. 

By his fir,st marriage our subject became the 
father of one child, who died in infancy. He is 
not a member of any church organization, and in 
the matter of politics always votes for Democratic 

l®)^ ^fkh, ^(5)j 

<^ J. TEDDER. On section 12, township 47, 
I C range 24, lies a pleasant, finely tilled and 
\*/ well improved farm, which is the property 
of our subject. He has been a resident of this es- 
tate for about thirty-five years, and has thus aided 

very materially in the pioneer labors which have 
brought Johnson County to its present high posi- 
tion among those in the state. 

Mr. Tedder is a native of Tennessee, having 
been born in Roane County, February 18, 1822. 
He is the eldest in the family of James and Eliza- 
beth (Todd) Tedder, both of whom were born in 
North Carolina. Their removal to Tennessee 
was accomplished in a very early day, and there 
they continued to live until their decease. The 
father was advanced in years at the time of his 
death, being at that time fifty-six years of age. 
He fought as a soldier in the War of 18 12. His 
good wife preceded him to the grave, dying when 
T. J. was fourteen years old. They were farmers 
by occupation, and accumulated a good property 
by downright hard labor, by that wise economy 
that knows how to spend as well as save, and by 
the exercise of sound judgment in all that they 
did. They were classed among the most respect- 
ed citizens of Roane County. 

During the boyhood of our subject he was not 
permitted to attend school regularly on account 
of his services being required in farm work. Aft- 
er attaining his majority, however, he went to 
school, and thus attained a fair knowledge of 
the common branches taught at that time. He 
was thoroughly trained to the occupation of a 
farmer and as his father became quite prosperous 
he decided to make this his life work also. 

Mr. Tedder remained at home until twenty- 
eight years old and in 1858 came to Missouri. He 
lived for the following two years near Knobnoster 
and then, being able to become the owner of land, 
bought the estate on which he is now living. This 
includes one hundred and fifty acres of nice land, 
which he has placed under admirable tillage. As 
we have shown, he is entirely .self-made, both in 
the matter of education and finances, and al- 
though he has met with reverses and discourage- 
ments, is well-to-do. 

The lady who has the oversight of the home 
and household affairs was formerly Miss Mary E. 
Wilson, the daughter of John and Martha (Rob- 
inson) Wilson. Their marriage was celebrated 
in Tennessee, December 16, 1847. John Wilson 
was a native of North Carolina, while his wife 



was born in Grainger County, Tenn. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Tedder were born nine children, five of 
whom are deceased. Those living are John W., 
at home; George W., a citizen of Warrensburg; 
and Wilham L. and L,ouis J., at home. Mrs. Ted- 
der is a sincere Christian and a member of the 
Baptist Church. 

Mr. Tedder has never taken a very active part 
in politics other than to deposit a Democratic bal- 
lot upon election days. He evinces no desire for 
public office, but has served satisfactorily as Dis- 
trict Clerk and Highway Commissioner. He is 
a man of solid virtues, sensible and thoughtful in 
his views, and with his good wife is regarded as 
one of the best residents of the township. 


|«)| 12, 1893, on his farm in Chilhowee Town- 
\q) ship, Johnson County, which he purchased 
in 1874, and which is still in the possession of 
his family. After the war he served as Mayor of 
Warren.sburg for some time, and then was Magis- 
trate for several years. In his early manhood he 
was a Whig, but subsequently became associated 
with the Republican party. Socially he was a 
member of the Sons of Temperance, and was al- 
waj'S foremost in all measures relating to the 
general welfare. 

David W. Reed was born in Jeff"erson County, 
Tenn., September 7, 1818, and was a son of Jesse 
Yocum Reed, who died in that county. Young 
David passed his boyhood in eastern Tennessee, 
and learned the tailor's trade in Morristown. In 
1840 he emigrated to Bates County, Mo., and 
worked at his trade, and later came to Warrens- 
burg, continuing to be thus employed. For a 
short time he resided in Marshall, Saline County. 
In 1849 he went across the plains to California, 
starting with ox-feams from Independence, Mo. , 
and taking six months on the trip. He worked 
in the mines and was fairly successful, bringing 
back with him a good sum of money as the result 

of his two and a-half years' work. In 1851 he 
returned home by way of Panama and New Or- 
leans, fesuming his old calling in Warren.sburg. 
At the same time that G. W. Houts was Sheriff", 
he served for two terms as County Treasurer. 
During the war he belonged to Emery Foster's 
company of militia. 

September 29, 1846, Mr. Reed married Mary 
H. Eee, who was born in Grainger County, Tenn. , 
May 18, 1829. By this union twelve children 
were born, six of whom are living. Horace Les- 
lie was born April 17, 1855, and is a farmer in 
this vicinity. John Albert, born June 12, 1857, 
is a blacksmith of Warrensburg. Charles C, 
born August 29, 1859, lives on the old farm. 
Addie M. is the wife of Joseph Gruver, and was 
born October 30, 1864. Edwin L., who is at 
home, was born March 22, 1867; and Susan Jo- 
sephine was born July 16, 1869. Those deceased 
are Thomas Rufus, who was born August 4, 
1847; James William, who was born March 27, 
1849, and died August 14, 1850; Mary L., whose 
birth occurred December 27, 1852, and who died 
September 24, 1853; Martha Virginia, born March 
18, 1854, and who died December 17, 1855; Lew 
Wallace, born March 26, 1862, and who died Feb- 
ruary 13, 1864; and Francis Milton, born Decem- 
ber 8, 1873, and who died February- 14, 1893. 
Thomas R., a member of Battery L, Second Mis- 
souri Volunteers, was in the battle at Independ- 
ence. About the close of the war he was trans- 
ferred to the United States Cavalry, and as such 
participated in several engagements with the In- 
dians on Powder River and in the Black Hills. 
On being discharged from the service, he re- 
turned home, November 20, 1865. While work- 
ing in the field, he was shot by persons un- 
known, and died ten days later from the effects 
of his wounds. May 26, 1866. Horace married 
Annie, daughter of Peter F. Craig; John married 
Ella M., daughter of Elisha Henry, and a native 
of this county ; and Edwin married Alice, daugh- 
ter of William Lovel, a farmer of this neighbor- 

Our subject was twice honored with the posi- 
tion of Mayor, the first occasion being when 
Warrensburg was only a small village, and the 



last time after the close of the Rebellion. He also 
served as Postmaster of the place, and was popu- 
lar with all classes of citizens. His good wife is 
a member of the Methodist Church, which meets 
at Houts' Chapel. 



(Torn M. CRUTCHFIELD is one of the en- 
I terprising and able members of the legal pro- 
O fession of Warrensburg, Johnson County, 
where he has been engaged in practice for the 
past twenty years. In 1877 he was elected to 
serve as City Attorney, and in 1885 was re-elected 
to that position. He made a good record both 
for himself and for his constituents while acting 
in a public capacity, and discharged his duties 
with zeal and uprightness of purpose. In his po- 
litical faith he is a Democrat, and, as should be 
the case with every true citizen, he takes great 
interest in the affairs of the Government and in 
everything which tends to advance the weal of 
the community in which he dwells. 

A son of John A. and Flora (Staley) Crutch- 
field, our subject was born October 30, 1853. 
His parents were natives of North Carolina, the 
father born in 1814, and the mother about 1821. 
On the paternal side John M. is of Scotch-Irish 
descent, while on the maternal side he is of Dutch 
and English origin. While living in North Caro- 
lina J. A. Crutchfield was employed in merchan- 
dising, but after coming to Missouri, which he 
did in 1848, he devoted himself to agricultural 
pursuits. During his career in this state he 
owned farms and lived in Lafayette, Clinton and 
Nodaway Counties. In the county last men- 
tioned he entered a tract of land and obtained a 
postoffice, which he named Sweet Home, as it was 
to him in fact a sweet home. He had the honor 
of being the first Postmaster of the place, and the 
ofiSce is still in existence. He came of a family 
who owned slaves, but when he grew to manhood 
he became convinced that this was entirely wrong. 

and accordingly left his native state, empty- 
handed, and never received his share of the inher- 
itance. He was married early in the '40s and 
had three children when he arrived in Missouri. 
In 1858 he moved to Johnson County and soon 
afterward was called to his final rest. Of his eight 
children, all but one are still living, the exception 
having been a little girl by the name of Oriana, 
who died in Nodaway County from the effects 
of a rattlesnake bite. The father was a Whig in 
politics, and as a matter of conscience was on the 
side of the Union. He was a member of the Bap- 
tist Church and took an active part in religious 
work. Being well educated, he taught school for 
some time while living in Nodaway County. 
The wife and mother is still living, and after her 
husband's death she managed to keep her family 
together by renting the land and making a home 
for her children, while her sons managed the place. 
When the war broke out one of her sons, William 
J., enli.sted in the service and fought in defense of 
the Old Flag. 

The early years of John M. Crutchfield were 
spent in Clinton County, Mo., where his birth 
occurred. He received a common- school educa- 
tion, and in 1870 attended the Warrensburg High 
School for four months. The previous year he had 
attended a private academy in this city, and in the 
fall of 1 87 1 he passed the required examination and 
received a certificate to teach. In June, 1873, he 
was graduated with honor from the State Normal, 
after having taken a two-j'ears course, the money 
for his expenses having been earned by his labors 
as a teacher. In the fall of 1873 he began read- 
ing law with Wells H. Blodgett, now of St. Louis, 
but then a well known lawyer of this city. Later 
Mr. Crutchfield studied in the office of Senator 
Cockrell, and was admitted to the Bar in 1874. 
Returning to his native county, he taught school 
for about one year, and it was not until 1875 that 
he seriously began his legal practice in Warrens- 
burg. He has been verj' successful and enjoys 
the respect and high regard of all with whom he 
has come in contact, either in a business or social 

October 11, 1882, Mr. Crutchfield married 
Susie Dawson, of this county. She was born 



March 7, 1862, and is the daughter of E. W. and 
Martha (Bosley) Dawson. To our subject and 
wife there have been born three children, name- 
ly: Nina, born October 22, 1883; John, Decem- 
ber 12, 1885; and Corinne, February 3, 1892. 
The parents are members of the Christian Church, 
and are liberal contributors to worthy benevolent 
and religious enterprises. 


(TOHN WILLIAM HISEY was formerly the 
I efficient Superintendent of the Johnson Coun- 
{~/ ty Poor Farm, in which capacity he officiated 
for several years to the full satisfaction of all con- 
cerned. He is a native of John.son County, his 
birth having occurred November 7, 1866. His 
school days were passed in Warrensburg, where 
he attended the State Normal on arriving at 
suitable years. 

The father of our subject, William P. Hisey, 
was born in Missouri, and died January 8, 1892, 
at the age of forty-six years. During the late 
war he enlisted in the Seventh Missouri State 
Militia, though only sixteen years of age, and 
was made Lieutenant of Company G. He par- 
ticipated in many hard fights and engagements, 
but though he had many narrow escapes and 
his horses killed under him a number of times, 
he was never wounded or taken prisoner. After 
the war he married Fannie Guinn, who was born 
in Mississippi, and who came to this county with 
her parents when she was only thirteen years old. 
She is now in her fiftieth year, and is quietly 
passing her days on the farm left to her by her 
husband. In 1865 he commenced operating rent- 
ed land in Post Oak Township, but later he moved 
to a farm owned by his wife in Warrensburg 
Township. His residence was in Warrensburg 
for a few years while he worked in a stone-quar- 
ry, and during the time that he conducted a gro- 
cery, in which business he was quite successful. 
In March, 1879, he was appointed Superintendent 
of the County Poor Farm, and served faithfully 

as such until his death. He was a member of the 
Grand Army of the Republic, and in politics was 
a Republican. His wife is identified with the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Ten children were 
born of their union, four of the number dying in 
childhood, and those living are: John W., Frank, 
Valeria Elizabeth, Charlie, Rufus and Carrie. 

On completing his education John William 
Hisey assi.sted his father in the store, and then 
was sole manager of the same for two years. 
After closing out the business he went to Los 
Angeles and the Pomona Valley in California, re- 
maining in the West part of one year. After his 
return to Warrensburg he became interested in 
the butcher business. Upon his father's death 
he moved to the county farm to assist his mother 
in its management until the regular term had ex- 
pired. He displayed such good business ability, 
and was so manifestly fitted for the position, that 
he was strongly recommended for the place, and 
soon received the appointment. Politically he 
has always been a loyal Republican. 

May 25, 1890, Mr. Hisey married Mattie Belle 
Graham, who was born in Iowa, and one child, 
a little son, Stanley by name, has come to bless 
their union. The parents of Mrs. Hisey, James 
and Elizabeth Graham, are old and prominent 
settlers of this county, and are about eighty-five 
years of age. 


gEORGE JAMES TAYLOR is the editor and 
proprietor of the Knobnoster Gef?i, which he 
purchased in 1890, and still continues to He has had several years' experience 
in journalism, and possesses ability in this direc- 
tion. The Gem is a weeklj' five-column quarto, 
devoted to the advancement of this region and 
the promotion of the welfare of the people. In 
politics it is independent, favoring Democratic 
principles, but in local matters supporting the 
best men, irrespective of party ties. Among its 
supporters are numbered most of the leading busi- 



ness and professional men of this vicinity, and 
under the present management the list of its sub- 
scribers is constantly increasing. 

The editor of this popular paper was born in 
Kentucky, June 13, 1851, being the second child 
of George Y. and Louisa W. (McCormick) Tay- 
lor. His paternal ancestors were of Irish extrac- 
tion, and his father was a native of the Emerald 
Isle, spending his early life there, and emigrat- 
ing thence to America in 1835. For some years 
he sojourned in Kenton County, Ky., and from 
there, in 1851, came to Missouri, establishing his 
home in Lewis County, where he continued to 
reside until his death, in 1875. His wife, a most 
estimable lady, was a native of Kentucky, and 
survived her husband a number of years, passing 
away in 1887. 

In the public schools of Lewis County the sub- 
ject of this notice received the rudiments of his 
education, and later he attended a college at 
Monticello, this state. Upon completing his stud- 
ies he entered upon the profession of a teacher, 
which he followed, with marked success, for a 
period of fourteen years, being in Missouri for 
eleven years of that time, and in Dallas, Tex., 
for three years. As an instructor he was judicious, 
discriminating, energetic and capable, and in 
every position occupied by him he gained the 
confidence of the people, and his pupils made 
rapid advancement in their studies. 

Retiring from the teacher's profession in 1888, 
Mr. Taylor entered the newspaper business, in 
which he has met with a success that is equally 
gratifying. His first venture was as editor and 
proprietor of the Sweet Springs Herald, which he 
purchased in 1888 and continued to publish for 
two years. On disposing of that paper he came 
to Knobnoster and has since successfully engaged 
in the publication of the 6^1?;;/. 

The marriage of Mr. Taylor occurred in 1880 
and united him with Miss Minnie MaGee, of 
Monticello, Mo. Unto their union a daughter 
and son have been born, Reba and Charles Y., 
both of whom are with their parents. The family 
is identified with the Methodist Episcopal Church 
South. Socially Mr. Taylor is connected with 
Knobnoster Lodge No. 245, A. F. & A. M., and 

is its present Secretary. Politically his affiliations 
are with the Democratic party, of which he is one 
of the local leaders, and with the principles of 
which he is in hearty sympathy. While a resi- 
dent of Lewis County, he was elected County 
Superintendent of Schools, in 1875, and filled that 
responsible position for four years, rendering sat- 
isfaction to the people and reflecting credit upon 
his own ability. 


(cjEORGE SCHAFFER. When the reliable 
|_ farmers of Johnson County are being men- 
^_>| tioned, the subject of this sketch is invari- 
ably remembered. Although he has been an in- 
valid for some time, he possesses all the sturdy 
qualities of his substantial German ancestors, 
those qualities that are most needful in an agri- 
cultural community, and has discharged his du- 
ties, both as a citizen and a tiller of the soil, in 
such a manner as to win the friendship of the peo- 
ple. He rents a good farm in township 46, 
range 25. 

Mr. Schaffer was born in Bavaria, Germany, 
April I, 1827. He is a son of George and Cath- 
erine (Rummel ) Schaffer, also natives of the Fa- 
therland. There the father was a tiller of the soil, 
but the inducements held out to him to remain in 
his native land were not very enticing, and think- 
ing to better his condition in a financial wa}^ he 
set out with his wife and family for the New 
World in 1837. Their voyage across the Atlan- 
tic was a very tedious and stormy one, and after 
fifty-three days they were safely landed in New 
York Harbor. Their destination being further 
West, they journeyed on to Pike County, Ohio, 
locating in what is now Waverly. There the fa- 
ther bought a small farm of sixty acres, and with 
the aid of his sons cleared and improved the tract, 
making it his home for the succeeding eight or 
ten years. He then moved further Westward, to 
Fayette County, that state, but finding the price 
of land in that locality to be $100 per acre, he 



decided not to purchase just then, and as he was 
getting quite aged, abandoned farm work and 
made his home with our subject until his decease, 
which occurred in 1856. His wife preceded him 
to the better land one year. 

The parental famil}^ included eight children. 
George Peter, the eldest son, married Elizabeth 
Fogle, and was in the cigar and insurance busi- 
ness at Chillicothe, Ohio, until the time of his de- 
cease, in 1875; his wife is also dead. Our sub- 
ject was the next-born. Mary married John Fel- 
lesstein, and both departed this life while resid- 
ing on their farm in Madison County, Ohio. 
Christina died at the age of sixteen years. Alex- 
ander married Mary Peters, of Madison, and both 
are now living on a good farm in Texas. Clara 
and Mathias are deceased, and the two youngest 
members of the family died unnamed in infancy. 
George Peter Schaffer was during his lifetime a 
very prominent man in Ohio politics, and in 1 863 
was elected Mayor of the city of Chillicothe. He 
was known throughout the county as "Squire" 

George, of this sketch, remained at home until 
twenty-three years of age, when he was married, 
April 24, 1850, to Miss Sarah Rickenbaugh, who 
was born in Holmes County, Ohio, January 26, 
183 1. She was the daughter of David and EHza- 
beth (Plank) Rickenbaugh, natives of Berks 
County, Pa., whence they later removed to Ohio, 
and lived on a farm in Pike County until their 

Soon after his marriage our subject moved to 
Fayette County, Ohio, for five years renting a 
farm located within one mile of Bloomingburg. 
Changing his place of residence at the end of that 
time, we find him living in Ross County, and later 
in Pepin County, Wis., where he was employed 
by a lawyer whose home was located on the banks 
of Lake Pepin. After remaining with him for 
two years, he came to Mis.souri, and for a twelve- 
month lived in Independence. His next change 
brought him to Pettis County, and for two years 
he worked out on a place five miles west of where 
Sedalia now stands. 

Not being satisfied with his ventures in the 
West, Mr. Schaffer returned to. Midway, Madison 

County, Ohio, .staying with his brother-in-law for 
a few months, when he moved to Fayette County, 
where he bought an acre of land, built thereon a 
house, and made it his home until the spring of 
1863. That year he moved upon a farm belong- 
ing to George Stewart, in the same county, but 
his stay there was short, and a year later he 
moved back to the old farm. This tract of land 
he rented and worked for three years, and then 
became a resident of Greenfield, Ohio. Six 
months thereafter he again returned to Madison 
County, living this time on the Joe Mitchell Place, 
which he farmed for six months. His next re- 
moval found him at Washington Court House, 
where he resided for one summer, and then, going 
to the country, lived on the Martin Grove Farm. 
Six months later he returned to Bloomingburg, 
Fayette County, and purchasing thirty acres of 
land, occupied himself in its cultivation for two 

In 1870 our subject with his household came 
to Warrensburg, this state, but only remained 
one week, when they moved to Kansas City, 
where they sta5'ed just two months. During this 
time Mr. Schaffer worked out, but the outlook 
not being what he desired, he then moved to Pet- 
tis County, where he was employed by the man 
for whom he worked when there some years pre- 
vious to this time. He soon, however, engaged 
in farming on his own account on forty acres of 
land which he purchased from David Ewart. For 
four years he cultivated this place, and then, dis- 
posing of it, came to Johnson County, and for 
one year rented the Jacob Fetterling Farm. 
Again changing his location, we find him living 
near the town of Montserrat on rented property, 
on which he remained one year, when he returned 
to the Armstrong Farm, near Sedalia, and lived for 
eighteen months. He then moved to the farm 
belonging to Archibald Mayes in this county, 
and a short tune thereafter took up his abode on 
the estate belonging to a man by the name of 
Sellars. He rented this for one summer and then 
rented the Cutler Farm. 

The sons of our subject were now able to carry 
on the farm work, and after living there for seven 
years, he retired from active labor. The next lo- 



cation of the family was on the Jim Robinson 
Place, and in 1890 they came to their present 
farm, which includes four hundred and eighty- 
five acres, three hundred of which are under ad- 
mirable tillage. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Schaffer there have been 
born eight children. Of these, George W. was 
born May 13, 1851. He is well educated, and with 
the exception of five years, when he operated a 
farm for himself, has always lived with his father. 
David was born in 1854. He married Marinda 
Stockton, and now lives in Warrensburg. Mary 
became the wife of D. W. Jackson, and makes 
her home on a farm west of the old home. Katie 
still resides at home. Maggie married M. M. 
Ridgway, and is a resident of Hot Springs, Ark. 
John is a noted horseman, and is living in New 
Orleans, La. Charles P. is unmarried, and still 
resides under the parental roof. Jacob R. also 
lives at home. 

For the past five years our subject has been un- 
able to engage in any active work, and is very 
much broken down in health. Prior to this time 
he enjoyed perfect health, and never knew a day's 
sickness. In politics he is a Democrat. With 
his good wife, he is a member of the 
Episcopal Church of Warrensburg, to which de- 
nomination some of his children also belong, 
while others worship with the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian and Baptist congregations. 

r^HILIP RANCE, who owns two hundred and 
U' twenty-six acres of land in township 45, 
fS range 25, Johnson County, is a native of 
Germany, and was born near Frankfort-on-the- 
Main, March 26, 1836. He is considered one of 
the enterprising and practical farmers of this lo- 
cality, and has succeeded in his various under- 
takings far beyond his expectations. 

Christian and Susan (Seymour) Ranee, the 

parents of Philip, were also natives of the Father- 
land, where the former was a stonemason by 
trade. They remained in Germany until 1851. 
In the mean time the mother died, and the father 
married again, after which he decided to try his 
fortunes in the New World. They embarked on 
the vessel "Wilhelmina," December 9, 1851, and 
were fifty-five days en route. They were landed 
in the port of New Orleans, but as their destina- 
tion was Missouri, they made their way up the 
Mississippi River, stopping for a short time in St. 
Louis. From that city they went to Lexington, 
Mo., and from there they went to Warrensburg. 
They had friends living in this locality, among 
them being one John Peter George, an old school- 
mate, who was employed as a potter near Knob- 

After a short stay in Warrensburg, the Ranee 
family located on the farm known as the Isaac 
Kimsey Place, nine miles southeast of Warrens- 
burg. This the father rented and operated for a 
year, when he left our subject to take care of 
himself and went to St. Louis, where he obtained 
work at the stonemason's trade, and lived until 
his decease. His second wife also passed to her 
reward in the latter city. 

To Christian and Susan Ranee there were born 
two children, the brother of our subject being 
Lawrence. He served as a Union soldier in the 
Civil War, and died in St. Louis in 1867, from 
the effects of wounds received in the battle of 
Richmond. At the time of the family's removal 
to St. Louis, in 1855, Philip was left to care for 
himself. He then entered the employ of Major 
Russell, and by him was sent across the plains as 
teamster. He first went to Ft. Riley, and stop- 
ped for a while at Ft. Laramie, Ft. Bridger, Salt 
Lake City and Camp Floyd. He remained in the 
latter place until September, 1859, when he re- 
turned to this county and engaged to work for 
Mr. Brockman, staying with him until his mar- 
riage, which occurred February i, 1861. The 
lady on this occasion was Miss Mary Ann Loun, 
who was born in Kelsterbach, Germany, June 6, 
1841. Her parents were Philip and Anna Mary 
(Haas) Loun, who were also Germans by birth, 
and crossed the Atlantic on the same vessel which 



brought our subject and his father's family. The 
party remained together during the journey up 
the Mississippi, and, arriving in Johnson County, 
the Louns located on a farm of eighty acres, three 
miles from Knobnoster. Mr. Loun later bought 
another eighty acres, improved all the tract, and 
made it his home until his death, which occurred 
October 18, 1861, during the Civil War. At 
that time he was visited at his home by several 
Secessionists, who asked him as a favor to show 
them the way across the creek. He very willing- 
ly acceded to their wish, and on reaching the 
creek bottom was inhumanly shot down. His 
family were very seriously alarmed upon learning 
what his errand was, and felt then that they 
would never see him alive again. Mrs. Loun 
continued to reside on the old home place for some 
time, and then, dividing the estate, made her home 
with her children until her decease, in July 1884. 

During the war, our subject enlisted, in April, 
1862, in Company G, Seventh Missouri State 
Militia, at Warrensburg, which was under the 
command of Col. John F. Phillips and Capt. M. 
U. Foster. During the three years in which he 
was in the service he held the position of Wagon 
Master, and in this capacity was kept on the 
move all the time, visiting almost every point in 
northwestern Arkansas, besides the greater por- 
tion of his own state. He was discharged at the 
close of the war and was mustered out May 14, 

Mr. Ranee returned to his home after bidding 
good-bye to his fellow-soldiers, and when he had 
spent some time in "resting up," again took up 
the peaceful occupation of a farmer, and located 
on a rented farm in this township. He lived on 
this place for three years, -when he came to his 
present estate, first purchasing sixty acres. On 
this he built a house, the same which his family 
occupies to-day, and then gave his attention to 
the improvement of his tract. To this he after- 
ward made several additions, until now it is two 
hundred and twenty-six acres in extent. He is 
engaged in a general farming and stock-raising 
business, and in the pursuance of this, his chosen 
vocation, he meets with success. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Ranee there were born six 

children, one of whom, Mary Emma, is deceased. 
She was born June 14, 1878, and died June 4, 
1880. Frank was born March 15, 1862; John 
Philip, born April 28, 1864, is engaged in teach- 
ing school in Texas; Nanie Christina, born Au- 
gust 9, 1869, is at home; William Sherman, born 
September 13, 1871, married Victoria Burford, 
and makes his home north of Warrensburg; and 
George J., born December 31, 1883, is also with 
his parents. The children obtained their educa- 
tion in the district school near their home, with 
the exception of John P., who completed his edu- 
cation in the normal school at Warrensburg. Mr. 
Ranee is progressive and public-spirited, and as 
School Director has aided greatly in advancing 
the standard of scholarship in his locality. He 
has always voted the Republican ticket. His 
good wife is a member of the German Baptist 
Church, meeting with a congregation three miles 
northwest of her home. 

The farm which our subject occupies has a 
peculiar historj^, having been formerly owned by 
the Stevensons, a gang of desperadoes. A num- 
ber of years ago, however, Mr. Stevenson was 
killed on this farm by the Vigilance Committee, 
and two of his sons were killed near Warrens- 
burg. The other members of the family thought 
it best to leave the neighborhood and removed to 

' ^^ P • 

|~ DWARD HARDY, who at the time of his 
j^ decease was one of the substantial farmers 
I of Johnson Count}', owned a good estate in 
township 47, range 25. He was born in County 
Antrim, Ireland, in August, 1839, and was the 
son of Ambrose and Mary (McNuUy) Hardy, 
also natives of the same county. There the fa- 
ther carried on farm pursuits all his life, and died 
in 1888, at the advanced age of ninety-six years. 
He was deprived of the companionship of his wife 
several years before. 

The original of this sketch was one in a family 
of ten children born to his parents, two of whom 



died in infancy. William is also deceased, de- 
parting this life in Chicago, 111. ; Ambrose still 
resides in the Emerald Isle; Nancy is deceased; 
Catherine is living in her native land; Maria is 
deceased; Bridget lives in Ireland; James married 
a Miss Duncan, and both died in Vermilion Coun- 
ty, 111. ; and Alexander makes his home in Ireland. 
In the year 1857 our subject embarked on a 
vessel bound for the United States, where he had 
two brothers living. After a very tedious voyage 
he was landed in New York Harbor, whence he 
made his way to Cincinnati, Ohio. He remained 
in that city for some time and .later journeyed to 
Danville, 111., where his brother James was liv- 
ing. He had learned the stonemason's trade 
from his father, and for one year followed this in- 
dustry in the Prairie State. He then went to St. 
Louis and obtained employment on a gravel train 
on the Missouri Pacific Railway, running from 
Mound City to Jefferson City. His next oc- 
cupation was that of making brick in Lexington, 
Mo., working for a gentleman by the name of 
Allen. After being one year in his employ he 
came to this county, and was immediately given 
work in the yards of Mr. Outerberry, with whom 
he remained for one year. At Lexington, while 
in the employ of the latter gentleman, he was 
married, July 8, 1861, to Miss Elizabeth Caul- 
field, a native of the same county in Ireland in 
which he was born. Her birth occurred May 4, 
1843, and her parents were Barnett and Mary 
(Moran) Caulfield, also born in County Antrim. 
Mr. Caulfield was a farmer, and in 1857 came to 
America with his family, landing in New Orleans. 
After a stay there of eight days, he sailed up the 
Father of Waters to St. Louis, whence he made 
his way to Lafayette County, Mo., where his sis- 
ter was living. He rented a farm in that locality, 
and died two years later, in August, 1859. His 
widow resided on this estate for a few years, when 
she went to Pike County, 111., and there made 
her home for the following four years. Being 
dissatisfied there, she returned to this state, and 
lived with her children in Johnson County until 
her decease, which occurred in June, 1877. She 
was the mother of twelve children, of whom only 
three are living at the present time. Nancy, the 

eldest of the household, died in Ireland; Felix is 
living in Decatur County, Tenn. ; Sarah married 
Thomas Caulfield, who is now engaged in farm- 
ing in Lafayette County, Mo. ; Edward departed 
this life in America, when thirty years of age; 
James is also deceased; Mrs. Hardy was the next 
in order of birth; Ellen married John Sullivan, 
and since the death of her husband has continued 
to live at their home in Montana. The remain- 
ing five children all died in infancy. 

Immediately after their marriage our subject 
and his wife came to Johnson County, where they 
became the owners of forty acres of land now in- 
cluded in their present farm. It was at that time 
covered with a dense growth of timber, and in 
order to clear it and prepare the soil for cultiva- 
tion much hard work was necessary. This Mr. 
Hardy did himself, and, after getting it under 
thorough tillage, purchased sixty acres more, on 
which he also made good improvements before 
his decease. 

In August, 1864, Mr. Hardy enlisted in the 
Union service, entering the militia under Captain 
Fulks. During the eight months in which his 
services were needed, the company was engaged 
in scouting most of the time, although they par- 
ticipated in several hard -fought battles. They 
were disbanded at the end of that time, when our 
subject returned to his farm. His death occurred 
November 23, 1888. He was a very prominent 
and influential resident of the county, widely and 
favorably known by its best people. Mrs. Hardy 
continued to make her home in the old dwelling 
on the farm until it was destroj'ed by fire, when 
she caused to be erected the present substantial 
structure which adorns the place. She is a de- 
vout member of the Catholic Church, to which 
faith her husband also adhered. He was a Re- 
publican in politics, and was often urged to be- 
come a candidate for offices of trust and honor, 
but as many times refused to do so, preferring to 
devote his time and attention to his own interests. 

Our subject and his wife never had any chil- 
dren, but Mrs. Hardy now has living with her a 
nephew, James Ambrose Hardy, who was born 
in Danville, 111., April 29, 1863, and whom she 
treats as a son. He lived with his father until 


eleven years of age, when he came to make his 
home with our subject. He was married, Janu- 
ary 26, 1892, to Miss Annie McGrath, who was 
born in Knobnoster, and is a daughter of Jack 
McGrath. Prior to her union with James Hardy, 
she taught school for seven years. This young 
gentleman was candidate for the office of Assessor 
in 1892, but was defeated bj' a small majority. 
He is a ver>' intelligent and enterprising farmer, 
and is looking after the estate of Mrs. Hardy. 


pQlLLIAM S. WARNICK. Missouri has 
\ A / ^^^S been known as a region in which fine 
Y V farms abound, and Johnson County is not 
without her share of these fertile and well devel- 
oped lands. One of the most beautiful and pro- 
ductive within her borders is in township 45, 
range 25, and comprises four hundred acres. 
With the exception of one hundred acres, the 
land is under cultivation, the house, barn and 
other buildings being above the average. The 
place is owned and occupied by the gentleman 
whose name appears at the head of this sketch, 
and who is one of the most successful farmers of 
the county. 

Mr. Warnick was born in Wilson County, 
Tenn., three miles from the city of lycbanon, 
October 10, 1832. His parents, Maj. James and 
Sina (Payton) Warnick, were both natives of 
Tennessee, where they were farmers. The mater- 
nal grandparents were John and Fannie (Kelly ) 
Payton, the former of English and the latter of 
Irish parentage. They settled in Wilson County, 
Tenn.., in early life, and there passed the remain- 
ing years of their life on a farm. The paternal 
grandparents, Robert and Margaret (Smith) 
Warnick, were both natives of North Carolina, 
and after their marriage emigrated to middle 
Tennessee, were they were greatlj' troubled by 
the Indians who then infested the coi:ntry. On 
the outbreak of the Revolutionary War the grand- 
mother was a little girl of twelve years, and it 

was her duty to find safe places in which to hide 
the edibles from the soldiers. The grandparents 
lived in Rutherford County after their marriage 
iintil 1831 or 1832, when they went west to Ten- 
nessee. A few years thereafter they were induced 
to come to Missouri by a son-in-law who was liv- 
ing within two miles of Lexington. In Lafayette 
County they rented what was known as the Col. 
Smith Place, and there the grandfather died in 
1834. His wife lived until 1867. They were the 
parents of one son and five daughters. Nancy, 
Mrs. Brown, is deceased; our subject's father was 
the next-born; Margaret, Mrs. Smith, is also de- 
ceased; Ellen and Jane married men by the name 
of Berr>', and both are deceased; and Malinda be- 
came a Mrs. Cavitt, and is likewise deceased. 

James Warnick remained at home until his 
marriage to Miss Payton, after which he purchased 
a farm and was engaged in its cultivation until 
his removal to Henry County, Tenn. He lived 
for two years on a farm in that section, then re- 
turned to Wilson County, living there until com- 
ing to Missouri, undertaking the journey hither 
in 1834. He rented land in Lafayette County for 
the first year, then came to Johnson County, en- 
tering from the Government a quarter-section 
five miles from our subject's present estate. On 
this he built a log house, in which he and his fam- 
ily lived for the following two years. He then 
disposed of it and entered a claim of one hundred 
and sixty acres on section 24, township 46, range 
19, and lived there until his, death, in August, 
1885, at the age of eighty-five years. His wife 
died in 1876. Mr. Warnick was a very promi- 
nent man, and well and favorably known through- 
out this portion of the state. In the early days, 
when the Indians were troublesome, he was made 
Captain of a company to banish them from the 
country, and fiom that time until his death was 
called "Major." 

William S. Warnick had seven brothers and 
sisters. Robert N. married Amanda Jane Ogles- 
by, and is now living in Warrensburg; Elizabeth 
is Mrs. William P. Grang'er, of California; John 
P. married Nancy Jane Harrie, and makes bis 
home near Fayetteville, this state; Margaret Fran- 
ces married George B. Estes, now deceased, and 



she lives six miles north of Knobnoster; Malinda 
Jane is the widow of George W. Williams, and 
lives on a farm adjoining that of our subject; 
James H. married Nancy Wallace, who is now 
deceased, and he lives north of Knobnoster; Sina 
Ellen married Andrew Mack, and their home is 
about four miles east of the farm of our subject. 
The original of this sketch was married, Decem- 
ber 12, 1858, to Miss Mary Ann Williams, daugh- 
ter of Squire Williams, of this county. She de- 
parted this life May 22, 1866. December 16 of 
that year our subject was married to Miss Sallie 
Ann Johnson, a native of Henry County, Mo., 
and the daughter of Samuel and Martha (Ehr- 
hardt) Johnson, both natives of Tennessee. They 
came in early life to this state, settling in Henry 
County, near Calhoun, where they made their 
home for several years, and then came to John- 
son County, settling three miles north of Wind- 
sor, where he entered land. After selling this 
tract he moved to Barton County, Mo., and pur- 
chased town property in Golden City, where he 
was living at the time of his decease, August 3, 
1888. Mrs. Johnson is still living, making her 
home there with her two sons. After his marriage 
our subject entered a tract of two hundred and forty 
acres of land and later built thereon the dwelling 
which his family now occupies. To this he has 
added as his means would allow, until now he is 
one of the largest land-owners in the township. 

June 17, 1 86 1, a few months after the outbreak 
of the Civil War, our subject enlisted and served 
for some six months. During that time he partic- 
ipated in the battles of Carthage and Springfield, 
and on receiving his discharge returned home. 
He re-enlisted, this time being assigned to Compa- 
ny H, Second Regiment, with which he remained 
until the of the war. This command surren- 
dered in April, 1865, at Louisville, Ky., to Gen- 
eral Palmer. Mr. Warnick then returned to the 
peaceful pursuits of farming, which avocation he 
has since followed with marked success. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Warnick there were born two 
children: James W., who married Alice M. Cron- 
hardt, and lives with our subject; and Samuel 
Delmar, who died at the age of eighteen months. 
By his first marriage Mr. Warnick had a son. 

George W., who is now married and living in 
Warrensburg. In politics our subject is, and al- 
ways has been, a Democrat. Both he and his 
estimable wife are members of the Cumberland 
Presbyterian Church, attending the congregation 
near their home. 


(John a. COLLINS has been financially in- 
I terested in the Eureka Roller Mills of War- 
(*/ rensburg. Mo., during the five years, 
and is numbered among the successful business 
men of the place. He is associated with many of 
her leading organizations, being a member of the 
Independent Order of Odd Fellows, the Ancient 
Order of United Workmen and the Daughters of 
Rebekah, and also of the Select Knights of the 
Ancient Order United Workmen. On reaching 
his majority he was initiated into the Odd Fel- 
lows' Society in New York State, and ever since 
has kept in touch with the work of the order. 
His first Presidential ballot was in favor of Gen. 
U. S. Grant in the election of 1872, and up to the 
present time he has never faltered in his allegi- 
ance to the Republican party. 

Dr. George F. Collins, father of J. A. Collins, 
was born in the Empire State in 18 12, being a son 
of Dr. John Collins, a native of Rhode Island and 
of English extraction. Dr. George F. Collins en- 
joyed a large and successful practice in Trumans- 
burg, N. Y., and vicinity, and owned considera- 
ble land adjoining the town. His wife, whose 
girlhood name was Maria A. Swartwart, was also 
born in New York and was of German descent. 
Dr. Collins died in 1864, leaving five children, of 
whom J. A. is the third in order of birth. 

In addition to receiving a good general educa- 
tion, John A. Collins received the advantages af- 
forded by the Trumansburg Academy, where he 
pursued his studies about four years. He was 
born in Tompkins County, N. Y., March 16, 
1849, and soon after reaching his majority came 
to Warrensburg with his sister, Mrs. H. M. Pro- 




per, afterward Mrs. Tichenor. In company with 
his brother-in-law, Mr. Proper, young CoUins 
bought a farm in this locality and assisted in its 
operation for two j'ears. Then, selling out his 
interest in the place, he took a stock of goods to 
Honey Grove, Tex., remaining there one year, 
after which he came back to this county and re- 
invested in land. For the next fifteen years he 
devoted his exclusive attention to agriculture, 
and was very successful in his endeavors. 

April I, 1880, Mr. Collins married Jane H. 
Hyer, of Warrensburg. She was born in High- 
land County, Ohio, November 30, 1848, and is 
the mother of one child, George Hyer, whose 
birth occurred November 30, £881. Mrs. Collins 
is a member of the Daughters of Rebekah, and 
belongs to the Presbyterian Church. 
Like her husband, she has many sincere friends, 
and like him she is also interested in all branches 
of charitable and religious work. 

/gEORGE E. HOLLENBECK is one of the 
|_ enterprising farmers of Pettis County, own- 
\^ ing a fine estate of two hundred and eleven 
acres, located on section i, township 44, range 23. 
Since attaining manhood he has given his ener- 
gies and industry to agriculture and is thoroughly 
practical and well informed on every subject per- 
taining to the best methods of conducting a farm. 
He is a splendid judge of animals, and has per- 
haps bought and sold more live stock than any 
other man in Pettis County. 

Our subject was born in Ohio, November 27, 
1850, and is the eldest member of his parents' 
family. Alphonso and Amanda (Archer) Hol- 
lenbeck, the parents, were also natives of the 
Buckeye State. The father traveled a great deal, 
visiting South America and the states on the 
western coast of America. He died in the Golden 
State, June 26, 1872, while his good wife passed 
away in Missouri in May, 1889. 

George E. HoUenbeck had very few oppor- 

tunities for gaining a good education, for at the 
time when he .should have been in school the 
Civil War broke out and the schools over various 
portions of the country were closed. He came to 
Missouri when a lad of eight years, at a time 
when this now thickly populated county was a 
vast wilderness, and but little improvement had 
been made on farms which had been taken up. 
The father went to South America when our sub- 
ject was eighteen years of age, and the latter 
looked after affairs at home. He remained under 
the parental roof until a year prior to reaching 
his majority, when he began farming on his own 
account, and in this venture has been greatly 
prospered from the first. His estate adjoins the 
beautiful little village of Green Ridge, and the 
buildings which adorn the place are substantial 
in character and aid in making this one of the 
most attractive homes in Pettis County. The 
farm is a valuable one, and is devoted to raising 
both grain and stock. 

Mr. HoUenbeck was united in marriage, in De- 
cember, 1885, with Miss Minnie, daughter of Dr. 
W. H. Flesh er, a prominent physician of this 
county, who makes his home in Green Ridge. 
Their union has been blessed by the birth of three 
daughters, Eula, Mary A. and Elizabeth. In pol- 
itics our subject is a Democrat at all times and 
under all circumstances, therefore is opposed to 
monopolies. He is President of the Farmers and 
Merchants' Bank at Green Ridge. At all times 
he gives his influence to support measures calcu- 
lated to benefit the communitj^ at large, and is a 
shrewd business man. By those who are well 
acquainted with him he is held to be a man of 
sterling worth and strict integrity. 

EYRUS A. CONNER is well and favorably 
known in various parts of Johnson County, 
and is now the fortunate possessor of a valu- 
able homestead, comprising two hundred and forty 
acres on township 46, range 25. He fought in 



defense of the Union during the late Civil War, 
and is now a member of Colonel Grover Post 
No. 78, G. A. R., at Warrensburg. A leader in 
the local ranks of the Republican party, his friends 
desired him to run for the position of Judge in 
this district on one occasion, but he steadfastly 
refused. He has been the architect of his own 
fortune, having commenced his business career at 
the bottom round of the ladder, and has achieved 
success through his own industrious and perse- 
vering efforts. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Alexander and Elizabeth (Jackman) Conner, na- 
tives of Ireland and Virginia, respectively. They 
moved from their home in Russell County, Ky., 
to a farm on island No. 10, in the Mississippi 
River. Mr. Conner was financially well-to-do at 
the time of his death, which occurred in 1840 on 
the island, where his wife also departed this life. 
The maternal grandparents of our subject were 
Hon. John Wolford and his wife, whose maiden 
name was Jane Lapsley. They were both born 
in Albemarle County, Va., and were married in 
Casey County, Ky. Mr. Wolford was a farmer 
by occupation, and owned a beautiful country 
home, where he kept a number of slaves prior to 
the war. He was a member of the Legislature 
for about ten years, and for four years represented 
his district in Congress. His first wife died when 
Mrs. Conner was only four years old, and he then 
married Mahala Lane, who died in Casey County. 
His own death occurred at his old home when he 
was in his eighty-seventh year. By his first mar- 
riage he had the following children: Eleanor, John 
M., Jacob, James L., Eliza Jane and Emily T. 
By the second union the following children were 
born: Franklin L., William, Cyrus, Albert, Eliza- 
beth A., Rachel C, George, Sarah J. and Fran- 
cis M. 

William Conner, our subject's father, was born 
in Russell County, Ky., March 19, 1805. His 
brother Thomas died on a farm near Ft. Scott, 
Kan., and his brother John also departed this life 
in the same locality. His sister Lizzie married 
Samuel Miller, and both are now deceased. Ro- 
ena became the wife of Samuel Brown, and both 
have been called to their final rest. Eliza, the 

youngest, is a resident of Macoupin County, 111. 
When William Conner was about nineteen years 
of age he moved with his parents to Island No. 10, 
but, not liking it there, he returned to his native 
state. He engaged in farming in Russell County, 
and soon afterward married Minerva Hutchison, 
who died two years later, about 1830, leaving 
one child. This daughter, Angelica, married 
Levin Granger, and both she and her husband 
are now deceased. About two years after the 
death of his first wife, Mr. Conner married Eliza 
J. Wolford, who was born January 25, 18 12. 

After several years of farming in Kentucky, 
William Conner moved to Missouri, where he 
had heard there was much good, cheap land. 
His family came by the Cumberland and Missis- 
sippi Rivers and thence up the Missouri, landing 
here April 17, 1844. After renting a farm for 
four years, Mr. Conner took up a claim of one 
hundred and sixty acres, now the homestead 
owned by our subject. Later he took up one 
hundred and sixty acres more, and in 185 1 built 
a good farm house. He made extensive improve- 
ments, and at one time owned three hundred and 
sixty acres. The principal products of his farm 
were hemp and cotton, for this was before the 
days of wheat-raising in this section. Wild game 
was very abundant and included bears, panthers, 
wolves, wild hogs and deer. One of his hired men 
was chased by a pack of wolves and did not dare 
to venture forth from his cabin for several days. 

April 24, 1878, Mr. Conner was called to the 
silent land, leaving a host of friends who still 
hold his memory dear. He was never an office- 
seeker, but used his franchise in favor of the Re- 
publican party. Of his five sons, James Monroe, 
born May 26, 1832, married Mary Reed in 1862. 
He died in December, 1878, and his widow after- 
ward married John Curnutt, of whom a sketch 
will be found elsewhere in this volume. John 
Milton, born August i, 1835, was a diligent stu- 
dent, but was cut short in his life work at the age 
of twenty -one years, his death occurring on the 
anniversary of his birth. William Thomas, born 
in 1 84 1, married for his first wife Adelia Lapsley, 
from whom he afterward separated, and by whom 
he had several children ; for his second wife he 



married Mrs. Emma Newland, from whom he is 
also separated. The ladj^ who now bears his name 
was formerl}- Miss Liggett. He is an attornej' and 
prominent real-estate man in Chej-enne, Wyo. 
Joseph Franklin, born January i, 1849, married 
Jennie Budd, of English extraction, and their 
home is in Sedan, Chautauqua County, Kan., 
where he holds the office of District Clerk. 

Cyrus A. Conner was born in Russell County, 
Ky., April 24, 1837, and was in his eighth year 
when he came to Missouri. He assisted his fa- 
ther until he was nineteen years of age, when he 
began hauling freight for the Government across 
the plains. With six yoke of oxen he started 
westward by way of Ft. Laramie and Salt Lake 
City, passing one winter in Skull Vallej', Utah. 
He spent about three years in the trip, reaching 
home in August, 1859. I^l^^ following Novem- 
ber he went to Texas and turned his attention to 
raising stock on a large ranch situated on the 
boundary line between Collin and Denton Coun- 
ties. In his three years' experience there he met 
with great success, and only left the business in 
order to enlist in the war. He started home on 
horseback, and though stopped several times by 
the Confederate soldiers, arrived safely in the 
spring of 1862. He planted a crop of corn and 
tobacco, but gave it to friends and offered his serv- 
ices in the First Missouri Cavalry. Under Cap- 
tain Peabody and Colonel Ellis, he fought on the 
frontier until August 30, 1864, at Pea Ridge, 
when he received a wound which was considered 
fatal. He recovered from that, however, but was 
wounded in the .side near Little Rock. In a short 
time he was back in the ranks and fought bravely 
until the of the war, being mustered out 
June 13, 1865, at Little Rock, after nearly three 
years" service. 

April 19, 1866, Mr. Conner married Mary E. 
Hess, a native of Ohio, born near Dayton. Her 
parents, Abraham and Susannah (Reynolds)Hess, 
after their marriage, lived on a farm in Ohio until 
the death of the father. His widow subsequently 
became the wife of David Zumbrun, and shortly 
afterward moved to this count5^ The mother 
died on their farm here, but Mr. Zumbrun's 
death occurred in Jewell County, Kan. The only 

brother of Mrs. Conner was George, who died 
when about twenty-one years of age. After near- 
ly twenty-five years of happy married life our 
subject was deprived of his wife's love and faith- 
ful care by death. They were the parents of nine 
children. William Sherman, born January 27, 
1867, married Lizzie Lesh, and is a telegraph 
operator in western Kansas; Agnes died at the 
age of four years; Lucy Mabel died in infancy; 
Elizabeth Ann, born in 1872, married W. L. 
Bethel, and now lives only a quarter of a mile 
distant from her father's home; Arthur A., born 
in July, 1873, is attending Parkville College, near 
Kansas City; Lucian Stanley, born December 8, 
1876, lives at home, as do the younger members 
of the family, namely: Mary Louisa, born in 1879; 
Walter Otto in 1881; and Luther Cyrus, October 
2, 1886. April 17, 1892, Mr. Conner married 
Mrs. Mary M. Wilson, who was born April 3, 
1843, in Knobnoster. Her parents, Samuel and 
Sarah (Walters) Workman, were both born near 
Hanover, Pa. At an early day they emigrated 
to Missouri, and in 1839 moved from Howard 
County to Knobnoster, buying one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, on which the town now stands, 
and which was laid out by Mr. Workman. He 
lived there until his death, January 4, 1889, and 
his wife survived him only a year and a-half, dy- 
ing June 20, 1890. Mrs. Conner is one of eight 
children, and of the others we note the following: 
Rebecca died in her sixth 3'ear; Eliza A. became 
the wife of Thomas Cooksej', of Oklahoma; Sarah 
J. married Aaron Weidman, a retired citizen 
of Knobnoster; Walter A., who married Myra 
Hague, is now engaged in farming in Illinois; 
Samuel E. is a real-estate and insurance man of 
Knobnoster, and his wife was formerly Fannie 
Garrison; William J. first married Katie Elbert, 
then Emma Wells, and his present wife was for- 
merly Mrs. Lulu Oliphant; their home is near 
Ashland, Kan.; and James Madison, a successful 
physician of Woodward, Okla., married Sadie 
Brown, of Indiana. 

For two years after his second marriage, Cyrus 
Conner lived in Knobnoster, having turned his 
farm over to his children for the time being. 
Ever since then he has conducted his own farm. 



which he purchased from the other heirs of his 
father's estate. About two hundred acres of this 
are under cultivation, corn, wheat and hay being 
the principal products. Mr. Conner is a believer 
in the future of clover, and claims he can make 
more money raising clover seed than he can from 
wheat crops. He lost a large sum by the burn- 
ing of the mill in Knobnoster, in which he had 
stored an immense quantity of wheat. 

On account of the wound which he received 
during the war, Mr. Conner now draws a pension 
of $12 a month. His fortune has been made en- 
tirely since the war, as when he lett the service 
he did not have a dollar. A man in favor of 
good schools and teachers, he served for several 
years as a School Director, but aside from that 
has never held public office. For about fifteen 
years he has been a member of Sandstone Lodge, 
A. O. U. W., of Knobnoster. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church of that place, and are ever active in re- 
ligious and benevolent work. 


HENRY T. DRAPER, a native of Johnson 
County, is now living on a farm on section 
24, township 46, range 25. He removed to 
this homestead March i, 1894, ^"<i during the 
short time which has elapsed has made substan- 
tial improvements, and in addition to raising 
grain and general crops he carries on stock-rais- 
ing to some extent. Much of his time is devoted 
to fruit-growing, and his fine orchard comprises 
many varieties of apple trees, cherry, plum, peach 
and pear trees, besides small fruits, such as 
grapes, blackberries, raspberries and gooseber- 

The parents of our .subject were George S. and 
Amelia (Tandy) Draper, who were both natives 
of Caldwell County, Ky., the former born De- 
cember 31, 1807, and the latter October 31, 1812. 
The parents of George Draper were both natives 
of Ireland, where they were married, but soon 

afterward they emigrated to Virginia, and later to 
Caldwell County, Ky., where they lived on a 
farm until death. The parents of Mrs. Draper 
were Roger and Mar>' Tandy, the former of whom 
was a slave-holder in Kentucky at one time. 
George S. Draper was a life-long agriculturist, 
and about 1837 became a resident of this county. 
For three years he cultivated a farm in township 
45, range 25. The place contained one hundred 
and sixty acres, on which he made improvements, 
but when a favorable opportunity presented itself 
he sold out and invested in land near our sub- 
ject's present home. Several years later he re- 
moved to what is now known as the Draper 
Farm, in this township, this also being a place 
of one hundred and sixty acres. In the evening 
of September 24, 1862, he was called to the door 
of his house and was shot through the breast, 
after which he was unable to speak a word, death 
soon resulting. His widow went to live with the 
family of Dr. Lea, taking her children with her 
and remaining there for six months. In the fall 
of 1863 her family returned to Caldwell County, 
Ky., where they spent eight years on a farm. At 
the end of that time they went back to the old 
Draper Farm, where the father had been mur- 
dered. The reason for this piece of villainy was 
never fully understood, as Mr. Draper was well 
liked by everyone as far as known. His wife was 
a member of the Baptist Church of High Point 
and always took great interest in religious work. 
Eleven children were born to George S. and 
Amelia Draper. Adelia J., born October 5, 1832, 
married H. Stewart, who was formerly a merchant 
of Xenia, 111. , but is now deceased. Mrs. Stewart 
is making her home in Montserrat. Lafayette, 
born October 29, 1833, was killed in the army; 
his widow afterward married, and is now a resi- 
dent of Texas. Sallie, born August 26, 1835, is 
now living with her sister in Montserrat. Mil- 
ton, born July 22, 1837, was married in Ken- 
tucky to Betty Perry; after her death Charity 
Luster became his wife, but she, too, died a few 
years later. The lady who now bears his name 
was formerly Nanny Burgett, and their home is 
m Kentucky. William T. , born August 1 1 , 1839, 
died April 14, 1889; his wife, whose girlhood 



name was Carrie Stewart, is now living three 
miles northwest of Montserrat. John Tandy, 
born January 14, 1844, was murdered at the same 
time as was his father. Robert A., born June 
12, 1845, married Sally Tandy, and is a farmer in 
Kentucky. James D., born January 26, 1847, 
married Mollie Weller, and operates a farm in 
Arkansas. Jesse L,., born March 27, 1850, mar- 
ried Annie D. Wadlington, and lives on a farm in 
Macon County, Mo. Mary E., born August 14, 
1852, is the wife of D. H. Coffman, who owns a 
farm south of Knobno.ster. Henry T., of this 
sketch, completes the family. 

The birth of our subject occurred near Mont- 
serrat, October 5, 1854. He continued to live 
with his mother until reaching his majority, when 
he started out to make his own way, and for two 
years worked for farmers at $15 per month. His 
next venture was to rent a farm for a year, after 
which he proceeded to Bates County, Mo., and 
leased a farm of seventy-five acres for two years, 
meeting with good success. Then, going to Ben- 
ton County, Mo., he invested his savings in sixty- 
three acres of land, which he stocked with cattle. 
After managing this farm for three years he re- 
turned to Bates County and turned his attention 
to conducting a livery in Adrian for a year. Not 
meeting with the success which he had antici- 
pated, he gave up the business and for two years 
rented land near Montserrat and engaged in mak- 
ing tile. Recently he traded his town property 
for his present farm of thirty-five acres. 

September 7, 1892, Mr. Draper married Anna 
B. Bethel, born in Adams County, 111., February 
2, 1868. Her parents, William H. and Amanda 
(Fisher) Bethel, were natives of Kentucky and 
Virginia, respectively', the former having been 
born June 8, 1841, and the latter May 25 of the 
same year. They were married in Illinois, and 
lived on a farm in Adams County until 1863, 
when they moved to Marion County, Mo. After 
farming in that locality for twelve years they be- 
came inhabitants of this county. Mr. Bethel died 
on the loth of February, 1889, but his widow is 
still living in this township. Of their children 
we make the following mention: Eavan C. , born 
October i, 1866, married Dora McCoy, and lives 

near Warrensburg. Mrs. Draper is the next in 
order of birth. Walter Eea, born January 7, 1870, 
married Eizzie Connor, and resides in this town- 
ship. Frank, born January 10, 1872, and now a 
resident of Caldwell County, Mo., married Mabel 
Coffman. Edwin Ernest, born in 1874, died at 
the age of eight months. Ida May, born in 1876, 
died when fifteen months old. Ida May (the 
second of that name), born July 29, 1879, lives 
with her mother, as does also the next younger, 
Felicia Smith, who was born February 17, 1880. 
Thomas Benton, born in 1881, died in infancy; 
and Charles William, born October 15, 1882, is 
the youngest. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Draper has been 
blessed with a little daughter, Caddie Amelia, 
whose birth occurred May 23, 1894. Mrs. Draper 
is a member of the Christian Church of Warrens- 
burg and is a lady who is universally beloved. 
Politically Mr. Draper is a Democrat, but he has 
never aspired to hold public oflBce. 


lELIS V. SMITH, M. D., is a graduate 
of the department of medicine of Columbia 
(Mo. ) State University, and for over two 
decades has been actively engaged in practice in 
Warrensburg, Johnson County. In 1892 he went 
East, taking a full course of instruction in the 
New York Post-Graduate College, and April i , 
1892, sailed for Germany, where he took a spe- 
cial course of surgery in Berlin University. He 
is a member of the local medical association, be- 
longs to the Pension Examining Board, and 
served as County Coroner for six years. 

Dr. Smith was born in Lexington, Mo., May 
27, 1852, and is the son of Henr}' and Mary A. 
(Violet) Smith, the former of whom was a na- 
tive of Kentucky, born in 1802. The grandfa- 
ther, Henry Smith, Sr., emigrated from Germany 
to North Cai'olina and afterward settled in Logan 
County, Ky . , where he became an extensive slave- 
holder and planter. Henry Smith, Jr., was mar- 



ried in the Blue Grass State, and in 1844 moved 
to St. Louis, where he engaged in contracting 
and building, and many of the structures which 
he then put up are j-et in a good state of preser- 
vation. About 1847 he moved to Lexington, 
Mo., where he went into the milling business, 
and the first large flourmill which was erected 
there is still owned by one of his sons-in-law. 
In 1853 he went to Independence, Mo., where he 
built and operated another flourmill, and also 
engaged in mercantile pursuits for four years. 
Then, coming to this city, he put up another mill, 
which he carried on until his death, which took 
place in October, 1871. In early life he was an 
old-line Whig, but after the war espoused the 
cause of the Democracy. He was long identified 
with the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, and 
with the Southern Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Dr. W. V. Smith is the youngest of ten chil- 
dren, and was just five years old when his par- 
ents moved to this city. His education was main- 
1}' gained in the excellent city schools, but for 
about one year he attended those of Jerseyville, 
111. , while living with an older brother. On com- 
pleting his studies in the public schools, he took 
up medicine in the Columbia State University, 
and in June, 1874, was graduated from the med- 
ical department with the degree of Doctor of Med- 
icine. After a brief vacation he opened an office 
in Warrensburg, and from the very start was 
blessed with a good measure of success. Politic- 
ally he is, like his father was before him, a Dem- 

October 13, 1879, Dr. Smith married Frances 
A. Coleman, of Warrensburg. She was born in 
Cincinnati, Ohio, August 13, 1854, ^"d was a 
daughter of Benjamin F. and Columbia E. (Conk- 
lin) Coleman, the latter a second cousin of Roscoe 
Conklin, of New York. Mrs. Smith was educat- 
ed in the public schools of her native city, and 
later took an elective course in McMicken Uni- 
versity at Cincinnati, and in 1875 came with her 
parents to Warrensburg. In September, 1882, she 
entered the Woman's Medical College of Penn- 
sylvania, and graduated therefrom in March, 1885, 
since which time she has gained a large practice. 
When the Warrensburg Medical Society was or- 

ganized she was honored with the position of Sec- 
retary, and her well written and thoughtful ar- 
ticles on various subjects relating to her profes- 
sion often appear in the leading medical journals. 
To the Doctor and wife was born one child, Ada 
Coleman, July 26, 1880. Mrs. Smith is a lineal 
descendant of Maj. John Handy, of Revolution- 
ary fame. He was the eldest son of Charles 
Handy, Sr. , an adherent of the Tory cause, and 
greatly to his displeasure his sons, Maj. John and 
Charles, enlisted on the side of the Colonists, both 
becoming officers later on. When the Declara- 
tion of Independence was passed it was Maj. John 
Handy who was deputed by the state authorities 
to read the document from the steps of the State 
House, which he did July 4, 1776, amid the great 
rejoicing of the people. Fifty years later he was 
again called upon to read it from the same place. 
He was highly respected in Newport, where he 
always lived, and as a soldier he did excellent 
service under Sullivan and Spencer. There is yet 
in existence a fine picture of him taken at the age 
of forty years. His death occurred March 2, 1828, 
and he was buried with military honors. 



HON. GEORGE N. HOCKER, possessor of 
one of the fine estates in Johnson County, 
was elected to represent his district in the 
Thirty-seventh General Assembly of Missouri in 
1892, by a majority of four hundred and twenty- 
one votes. At the present time he resides on 
section 13, township 46, range 24, where he lo- 
cated his excellent farm. 

A native of Kentucky, bom August 17, 1841, 
in Shelby County, our subject was the fourth in 
the family of Newton and Nancy ( Houseworth) 
Hocker, also natives of the Blue Grass State. 
There the father lived until 1870, the year in 
which he came to Missouri. He now makes his 
home with his son, our subject, and has passed 
his eightieth milestone in life. He followed farm- 



ing in connection with carrjdng on his trade, that 
of a tailor, in his native state for many years, but 
after coming to Missouri gave his attention strict- 
ly to cultivating the soil and raising fine stock. 

Mrs. Nancy Hocker was born in the Old Do- 
minion in 1809. She accompanied her husband 
on his various removals, and at the time of her 
death, in March, 1893, was eighty-three years of 
age. George N. spent his early years in perform- 
ing the lighter duties of farm work, and during 
dull seasons attended the district school. In De- 
cember, 1868, he came to Missouri, locating on a 
farm seven miles north of Knobnoster, after which 
he removed to Pettis County and made that sec- 
tion his home for ten years. In 1881, however, 
he bought land in Johnson County, on which he 
lived for four or five years, and in the spring of 
1 888 moved upon the beautiful estate where he 
now resides. This place occupies one of the finest 
sites in the county, and is improved in such a 
manner as to attract the eye of the passer-by, who 
at once recognizes it to be the property of a pro- 
gressive and intelligent agriculturist. Devoting 
his attention, as he did, to farming in his early life, 
he knows well how to make his land and labor 

Mr. Hocker and Miss Mary Scearce were mar- 
ried September i, 1868. The lady is the daugh- 
ter of John B. and Pauline (Shouse) Scearce, na- 
tives of Woodford County, Ky. Mrs. Hocker 
was likewise born in the Blue Grass State, and 
has become the mother of four children, as fol- 
lows: Boyd W., at home; Thomas, now engaged 
in business at St. Joseph, this state; Mabel S., 
the wife of George W. Arthur, a prominent farm- 
er, whose estate is located near the above city; 
and Mar>' Ethel, at home with her parents. 

With his wife, our subject is a devoted member 
of the Baptist Church, with which he has been 
connected since 187 1. His political affiliation 
has always been with the Democratic party, and 
his popularity is indicated by the fact that he was 
chosen Representative from his district and elected 
by a handsome majority. While in the Legisla- 
ture he served on the Committee of Improve- 
ments, Normal Schools and various others of im- 
portance. His record was that of a man interest- 

ed in public improvements, liberal in his views 
regarding appropriations, but averse to extrava- 
gance or fraud. In the landslide in 1894 Hon. 
Mr. Hocker went down with his party, being de- 
feated, however, by only nineteen votes. 

(Jacob ELLIS. The name which opens this 

I sketch is that of one of the best farmers in 
Q) Johnson County. He occupies one of the 
finest estates in this section and is surrounded by 
all the comforts that he could wish for. The 
home place contains two hundred acres, situated 
in town.ship 45, range 25, and the dwelling, which 
is substantially built, is surrounded by shade trees 
and shrubs, which make it attractive to the 

Mr. Ellis was born in Cooper County, this state, 
November 21, 18 19, and is the son of Isaac and 
Patsy (Shipley) Ellis, natives of Kentucky. 
There they were reared and married, continuing 
to make their home in the Blue Grass State until 
1818. That year they crossed the line into Mis- 
souri, where the father purchased a farm within 
the confines of Cooper County. He lived upon 
this place for three years, when he removed to 
another location in the southern portion of the 
county, where his death occurred when three- 
score years and ten. His wife also passed her 
last days on this place, dying at the age of .sixty- 
five years. He was one of the very earliest set- 
tlers in the state, and was well and favorably 

To Isaac and Patsy Ellis there were born ten 
children, namely: John, William, George, Ben- 
jamin, Isaac, Rachel, Elizabeth, Jacob, Robert 
and James. The eldest son married Malinda 
Raney, who is now deceased. He is living on a 
farm twelve miles north of Sedalia, and has now 
attained his eight3^-ninth j'ear. 

Our subject was fairly well educated, though 
the schools in those days were very inferioi". He 
assisted in the work at home until attaining 



his majorit}'. That j^ear his father gave him a 
tract of forty acres of land, and having entered a 
like amount himself, he had a goodly acreage with 
which to commence. He cleared the greater part 
of the land, built thereon a substantial house, and 
while living there, in 1856, was married to Miss 
Minerva Anderson, a native of Pettis County, 
having been born May 25, 1832. She was the 
daughter of Ambrose and Hannah Anderson, also 
natives of that county, where they were farmers. 

Our subject continued to live on the farm men- 
tioned above for fourteen years after his marriage, 
when, having a good offer, he sold the tract and 
moved to Pettis County. His first purchase of 
land there consisted of two hundred and fourteen 
acres, located about twelve miles northeast of Se- 
dalia. This he improved and made his home for 
ten years, when another change was made, this 
time moving to his present beautiful place. Al- 
though it is two hundred acres in extent, Mr. 
Ellis has only one-half the farm under tillage, and 
the greater portion of this he rents. At the time 
he purchased the place it was owned by a man by 
the name of Kimsey and was occupied by Mr. 
Farley, a minister well known to the old resi- 
dents of the county. 

When a lad of fifteen years our subject remem- 
bers seeing a herd of about sixty deer near his 
home, and on shouldering his musket to shoot 
at them brought down two. He had a friend, 
however, who was much more of an expert than 
he in the use of the rifle, for it is known that 
during the earty settlement of the county he shot 
as many as fifteen hundred deer in one year. At 
this time the Indians were very numerous in the 
locality, but were quite friendly, however. 

Mr. Ellis was deprived of the companionship 
of his good wife in 1876, she dying August 10 
of that j-ear. To them were born ten children. 
Of these Tabitha Jane married Andy Quint; she 
is now deceased, and her husband makes his home 
in Cooper County, this state. Robert B. married 
Emma Tanner, and died in August, 1878; his 
widow resides in this county. Daniel is unmar- 
ried, and is residing on a farm in this township. 
William died at the age of thirty-five years. 
Minerva died in infancy. Laura also died when 

young. George Ann, who lives near our subject, 
became the wife of John McDaniel, who is de- 
ceased. Elizabeth died in infancy'. Mary mar- 
ried Thomas Ivy, and they now live in township 
44, range 25. Jennie R. married James Adams, 
and they make their home on a farm near Mr. 

August 15, 1877, our subject was married to 
Mrs. Jane (Boyd) Root, who was born in North 
Carolina, July 23, 1829. She was the daughter 
of Cyrus and Nanc}- (Lewis) Boyd, both natives 
of that state, where the father was a cabinet- 
maker, following that trade all his life. When 
Mrs. Ellis was an infant of six weeks the family 
emigrated to Tennessee, and two years later 
moved to Kentucky. They resided there for the 
same length of time, when they crossed the line 
into Missouri and thereafter lived in Jasper Coun- 
ty until the decease of the father. Mrs. Boyd 
subsequently married Solomon Carter, a cooper, 
and went to Dade County, where her death oc- 

Mrs. Ellis was first married, November 20, i860, 
to Thomas E. Root, who died two years later, in 
Arkansas. The widow then made her home with 
relatives until her union with our subject. In 
politics he is a Republican, and in religious af- 
fairs, although not connected with any organiza- 
tion, contributes to the support of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, with which denomination his 
wife is connected. 

ILTON SWOPE, who is considered a pio- 
neer of Johnson County, has been actively 
identified with its practical, prosperous 
farmers for many years, and is the proprietor 
of a large farm on section 4, township 47, range 
24. He is a native of this state, and was born in 
Pettis County in 1823, to Jesse and Mary (Hed- 
drick) Swope, natives of Kentucky. They were 
married in the Blue Grass State, but, not making 
much of a headway there, the father concluded to 



tr}' his fortunes in Missouri, and accordingly came 
hither at a very early day, when this now thickly 
populated region was a vast wilderness. His first 
work was to enter a tract of land and upon tak- 
ing possession of this unimproved property he 
began the work of its improvement, making his 
home thereon until the time of his death, in 1864. 
The mother of Milton followed her husband to the 
grave four or five years later. 

There were no free schools in Johnson County 
during the boyhood of our subject, all being con- 
ducted on the subscription plan; therefore his at- 
tendance at the temple of learning was very in- 
frequent. The short terms devoted to study, how- 
ever, were improved by him, so that he became 
as well informed as any of his companions. He 
has spent his entire life in farm work, and during 
his father's lifetime gained much useful informa- 
tion in this industry. 

Our subject came to Johnson County in 1849 
or 1850 and has lived on the farm on which he first 
located ever since. This tract embraces three 
hundred and twenty broad acres, which he de- 
votes to the raising of grain and the breeding of 
fine grades of animals. He is widely known 
throughout this section of the state and has done 
much to promote the material prosperity of John- 
son County. He is one of its self-made men, as 
he started out in life with but little of this world's 
goods. A cool head, sound common-sense and 
good business tact have perhaps served his pur- 
pose better, as by hard work and economy he has 
placed himself among the wealthy farmers of this 
portion of the county. He and his estimable wife 
are spending their declining years on the old 
place, where they have the assurance of peace 
and plenty. He was first married in 1847, the 
lady prior to that event being known as Miss Vi- 
renda Sandridge, of Pettis County, Mo. She be- 
came the mother of four children: Mary Ann, 
now the wife of Madison Lee, of Pettis County; 
Parmelia M., at home; Susan I., the wife of Dr. 
Henry Park, of Johnson County; and Larkin, 
also at home. 

Mr. Swope was again married, in 188 1, his bride 
being Parmelia P. Sandridge, a sister of his former 
companion. They are both members in excellent 

standing of the Christian Church. During the 
Civil War Mr. Swope served his country for nine 
months as a member of the State Militia. He is 
a stanch Democrat in politics, and although in no 
sense a politician, at all times uses his influence 
to elect its candidates in this county. He has 
been School Director for several terms and while 
the incumbent of that position was of great value 
to the Board. Mr. Swope is a Director of the Con- 
cordia Bank, a well known and reliable insti- 
tution, which is well patronized by the farmers 
and business men of the vicinity. 

QOHN T. DRINK WATER, who resides in 
I township 46, range 25, Johnson County, is 
(2/ numbered among its leading farmers. He 
owns a good estate, and although his advancing 
age prevents him from longer actively cultivating 
his farm, he still maintains a general oversight of 
the place. He has made all the improvements 
which adorn it, and has contributed greatly to 
the upbuilding of his township. 

Our subject was born March 15, 182 1, in Vir- 
ginia, and when only five years of age was de- 
prived of the care of his father. Nine years later 
he was doubly orphaned, as were also his two 
sisters and two brothers. Polly, who is now de- 
ceased, was the eldest of the household; Margaret 
married James Deckard, and both passed away 
in Pettis County, this state; William married and 
departed this life in Cooper County; James is 
married and engaged in farming in Texas. The 
father of this family also died in Cooper County, 
where he was the owner of a good farm. 

John T., of this sketch, accompanied his par- 
ents on their removal to this state, and after the 
death of his mother made his home with the 
family of Sylvester Hall until of age. He then 
engaged in blacksmithing near Lebanon, Cooper 
County, and for several years successfully carried 
on bu.siness there. While in that place he was 



married to Nancj' Deckard, of Cooper Count)'. 
Eight years later Mrs. Drinkwater died, and the 
ladj' whom our subject chose as his second com- 
panion was Miss Mimena Bales, daughter of 
Oliver Bales, of the above county. 

After his union with Miss Bales, our subject 
abandoned his trade of a blacksmith, and, rent- 
ing property in Iowa, moved to that state and 
lived for two years. His ventures in this direc- 
tion not proving as successful as he had hoped, 
he returned to Cooper County and again opened 
a shop, besides which he also carried on farming 
on a modest scale. Two years thereafter he came 
to Johnson County, his first purchase here com- 
prising a tract of sixty acres. On this he built 
a house, and cleared the land of the thick growth 
of timber, making this section his home for the 
past twenty-seven years. During all these years 
he has made such improvements as seemed wise 
and profitable, and his property is considered one 
of the best in the township, and as one of its old- 
est residents he is honored and esteemed. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Drinkwater there were born 
seven children, of whom one is deceased. Sarah 
married Washington Harter, and lives on a good 
farm in this township. Brown first married Jen- 
nie Hanna, and on her decease became the hus- 
band of Willie Ramsey ; he is living in Montser- 
rat, and is the proprietor of a livery stable and 
blacksmith-shop. Margaret is now the widow of 
Lawrence Applegate, and lives in this township. 
William is one of the substantial young farmers 
of this section, of whom we will make further 
mention. Oliver married Annie Geary, of Pettis 
County, and both now reside on an estate east of 
the home of our subject. Fannie married Will- 
iam Fisher, a resident of Kansas City, where he 
is connected with the fire department. Rosa 
Leila lives at home. The two children born of 
our subject's first marriage were Fred, who was 
accidentally killed by a horse when four years of 
age, and James, who now lives in Utah, where 
he is proprietor of a hotel and runs a barber-shop. 

Mr. Drinkwater enjoys good health and retains 
to a large extent the mental vigor and physical 
strength of his younger }-ears. In fact, it would 
be difficult to find in the entire county a better 

preserved old man. With his good wife, he is 
surrounded by all the comforts of existence, and 
has a pleasant residence. He has always been 
prominent in local affairs, and since being per- 
mitted to vote has upheld the principles of Dem- 
ocracy. Besides being the incumbent of various 
offices of honor and trust, he has done much to- 
ward administering the law and advancing the 
interests of the county. He attends the Cumber- 
land Presbyterian Church at Montserrat, of which 
he is a valued member. 

WiUiam Drinkwater, a son of our subject, was 
married, March 27, 1887, to Miss Annie, daugh- 
ter of Thomas A. and Emma (Marshall) Cruse. 
She was born in this county, December 18, 1870. 
Her father was a native of Virginia, while Mrs. 
Cruse was born in Saline County, this state, 
where their marriage was celebrated. Mrs. Cruse 
passed away on the 13th of May, 1885, leaving 
the following-named family: Annie, Minnie, Wil- 
lie, Maude and Eula. James died in infancy. 
William Drinkwater is a stanch Democrat in poli- 
tics, and a man of prominence and influence in 
his community. 

l(S). «^ ^(i)j 

0WEN S. COOPER, who is extensively en- 
gaged in farming in Johnson County, was 
born on the old Cooper homestead in this 
county, December 9, 1841. His father, Owen 
Cooper, was a native of Kentucky, born Decem- 
ber I, 1809. When he had arrived at years of 
maturity he married Sarah Tandy, a native of 
Virginia, who, when a child of two years, was 
taken by her parents from that state to Kentucky. 
Mr. Cooper carried on farming in the latter place 
until 1S36, when he bade adieu to the home and 
friends of his boyhood and emigrated westward, 
taking up his residence in Johnson County, Mo. 
The journey was made in a wagon in the primi- 
tive style, for there were then no railroads. The 



father entered and purchased land near where 
our subject now resides, securing the first tract 
from Mr. Ricketts, who had entered it from the 
Government in an earl}- day in the history of this 
county. He claimed and purchased other land 
from time to time, until he owned five hundred 
and seventy acres, which he placed under a high 
state of cultivation, improving it with good build- 
ings and all modern accessories. For several 
years he served as Justice of the Peace, and was 
a highly esteemed man, who had a host of friends. 
His wife died in 1884, and on the 9th of May, 
1894, he also departed this life, suddenly. In the 
family were four children, namely: Fredonia F., 
who became the wife of James Carson, both be- 
ing now deceased, the latter being killed during 
the war; William Edgar, who died at the age of 
ten years, Owen S.; and Sarah Jane, who is the 
wife of William A. Calvert, and resides near our 

Mr. Cooper, of this sketch, at the age of nine- 
teen, joined the Confederate service in Price's es- 
cort to carrj' dispatches. He reached his com- 
mand at Cassville, Mo. At the battle of Wilson 
Creek, near Springfield, Mo., he was taken pris- 
oner and sent to RoUa, this state, where he re- 
mained for about a week. He then returned 
home, but the following summer again joined the 
Southern army, becoming a member of Col. Vard 
Cockrell's company, near Red Dirt, Mo. Under 
his command he participated in several skirmishes. 
At the battle of Lone Jack, the company lost 
twenty men. The troops then marched south to 
the neighborhood of Springfield, Mo., where, on 
various occasions, they met the enemy, participa- 
ting in the hotly contested battle of Prairie Grove, 
also that of Hartsville, Mo., and Booneville. 
After the last mentioned engagement, Mr. Coop- 
er returned home on a visit, and then joined his 
company near Clarksville, Tex., where he re- 
mained until the close of the war, when, at 
Shreveport, he surrendered with his company 
and took the oath of allegiance to the United 

Returning by boat, Mr. Cooper was met by his 
father at Booneville, Mo., and at once returned 
to the old homestead. Its buildings had previous- 

ly been utterly destroyed by fire, and all that 
now stand upon the place were erected by the fa- 
ther and son. In the mean time Mr. Cooper was 
married, August 29, 1862, to Miss Mattie M. 
Wall, who was born in John.son County, in June, 
1848, a daughter of Benjamin F. and Susan (Few- 
ell) Wall, who were natives of North Carolina. 
The father, who was a farmer, and also carried 
on a store in his native state, after his arrival 
in Missouri ran a store for some time, and subse- 
quently devoted his energies exclusively to agri- 
cultural pursuits. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cooper located on a farm south 
of Knobnoster, which belonged to the latter. 
Three years later that property was sold and Mr. 
Cooper purchased one hundred and thirty -eight 
acres of land, his present farm, which is now high- 
ly cultivated and improved with all the buildings 
which are found upon a model farm, including a 
fine residence and large substantial barns, among 
the best in the county. The boundaries of the 
place have been extended from time to time, until 
now four hundred acres yield to him a golden 
tribute in return for his care and cultivation. He 
is engaged principally in raising corn and wheat, 
and also raises enough stock for his own use. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cooper have two daughters: Ot- 
tie May, born May 24, 1874; and Susan Eliza- 
beth, born November 22, 1878. The mother is a 
member of the Baptist Church. Mr. Cooper has 
always been a supporter of the Democracy, but 
has never been an office-.seeker, preferring to give 
his time and attention to his business interests, in 
which he has met with a high degree of success. 

(John M. WILLIAMS, who is one of the ex- 
I tensive stockmen of the state, was born in 
G) St. Louis County, Mo., March 11, 1851, but 
is at present living in Johnson County, his estate 
being located on section 19, township 45, range 



25. He is the son of Thomas W. and Dicey (Ter- 
son) Williams, the former of whom was born in 
Tennessee, November 8, 181 6, and the latter, 
born October 11, 1815, in St. Louis County, Mo. 

The grandfather, William Williams, was a 
farmer in Tennessee, where he lived until about 
1820, when he came to Missouri, living for some 
time in St. Louis County. He later, however, 
went to Texas, where his death occurred. His 
son, Thomas W., accompanied him on his re- 
moval to this section and worked on the home 
place until his union with Miss Terson . He made 
St. Louis County his home until our subject was 
two years of age, when he sold his possessions 
there, and became a resident of Johnson County. 
Here he entered a tract of two hundred and forty 
acres, on which he made valuable improvements, 
and added to his possessions until he was the 
owner of four hundred and forty acres. On this 
estate he made his home until his decease, in 
1 87 1, with the exception of four j^ears when hold- 
ing the office of Sheriff of Johnson County. His 
good wife is still living, residing on the old home- 
stead with her daughter, Mrs. Burford. 

To Thomas Williams and his wife there were 
born eleven children, one of whom, Mary Ann, 
died in infancy. Thomas J. was born December 
19, 1839; he married Mary J. Sluder, and is en- 
gaged in farming near Sheldon, Vernon County, 
this state. Elizabeth was born November 27, 
1841; she became the wife of William H. Bur- 
ford, and lives on the old home place. William 
was born June 17, 1843; he married Elizabeth 
Bowles, and is now a resident of Oklahoma. Mar- 
tha Jane was born May 12, 1845; she is now Mrs. 
T. F. Burford, and lives near the home place; 
Margaret, who was born February 19, 1847, is 
now residing with her husband, Asa Woodford, 
in Marionville, this state. Anderson was born 
December i, 1848; he married MoUie McSherry, 
and their home is in Warrensburg; John M. was 
the next in order of birth; Charles E. was born 
November 9, 1852; he married Angeline Kirk- 
patrick, and now lives in Marionville, Mo. ; Ste- 
phen D. was born May 26, 1856; he married Eliz- 
abeth Kirkpatrick, and their place of residence is 
also Marionville; and James H., who was born 

December 26, 1859, married Lucinda W. Bowles, 
and they now live in Nashville, this state. 

Our subject lived at home and helped in culti- 
vating the farm until his marriage, December 4, 
1870. The lady to whom he was united was Miss 
Sarah A. Bowles. Her parents, who were na- 
tives, respectively, of Hanover County, Va., and 
Warren County, Mo., were large slave-holders in 
the Old Dominion, where the father lived until 
1845, when he came west to this state and settled 
in Warren County. He there taught school until 
his marriage, after which he engaged in farming, 
living in that section until his decease, March 26, 
1 89 1. After the death of his first wife, formerly 
a Miss Wyatt, he was married to Mary Margaret 
Gibson, of Lincoln County, who survived her 
union seven years, By his first union he became 
the father of three children, namely: John W., 
who died during the war; Elizabeth, who mar- 
ried the brother of our subject, and now lives in 
Oklahoma; Martha, who became the wife of Mor- 
rison Morris, and is now living on a farm in 
Henry County. By his marriage with Miss Gib- 
son there were born the following-named six chil- 
dren: Sarah Ann, James H., Almeda G., Lu- 
cinda W., Thomas H. and Virginia C. They are 
all married and still living. 

For the first twelve months after his marriage 
our subject continued to live under the parental 
roof, when he took charge of a tract of land be- 
longing to his father. He remained on this land 
but one year, when he purchased forty acres of 
his present farm, for which he paid $600. To 
this he later added a like amount, and now has 
eighty acres of the most productive land within 
the limits of the countj'. He has been the re- 
cipient of numerous offices of honor and trust, but 
very much prefers to live in peace and quiet, and 
give his undivided attention to his farm work. He 
is an extensive stock-breeder, and now has on 
his farm five jacks, and one Norman stallion, 
named ' ' Gose. " It is an imported French horse, 
and was purchased from Springer & Willard, of 
Oskaloosa, Iowa. 

In politics Mr. Williams voted the straight Re- 
publican ticket until about two years ago, when 
he had reason to change his views and will here- 



after be a Third Party man. He is a member of 
Sandstone Lodge No. 137, A. O. U. W., and 
with his wife is a devoted member of the Chris- 
tian Church. 

r> LEAS ANT J. OGLESBY, whose death oc- 
LX ciirred in 1885, was -formerly a resident of 
f^ section 24, township 47, range 24, Johnson 
County. He was highly esteemed as a citizen, 
and was beloved and respected by a large circle 
of sincere friends and acquaintances. To his 
family he left an untarnished name and a goodly 
portion of this world's goods. The homestead, in 
which he took great pride for many years, is a well 
improved farm of two hundred and eighty acres, 
and consists of as fertile and beautifully lo- 
cated land as can be found within the boundaries 
of the county. He lived and died in the faith of 
the Baptist Church, and in his kindness and gen- 
erosity of nature helped many a poor and needy 
person in a substantial manner. 

A native of Kentucky, Mr. Oglesby was born 
May 5, 1 83 1, and was the eldest son of Tolton 
and Annette (Rucker) Oglesby. They were both j 
natives of Virginia, and there spent their early 
years, moving to the Blue Grass region in the j 
'20s. In 1832 they emigrated to Missouri, set- | 
tling in Cooper County, where the father was en- 
gaged in farming for many years. Subseqjiiently j 
he became a resident of this county, and here his 
own and his wife's death occurred. When his 
parents came to Missouri, our subject was only a 
year old, and consequently almost his entire life 
was spent in this state. His school advantages 
were limited, as opportunities for obtaining an I 
education in those days and in this portion of the 1 
country were inferior. He was reared to farm 1 
work and remained under the parental roof until 
reaching his majority, when he started forth to 
make his own way in the world, meeting with 

In 1862 Mr. Oglesby married Sarah Wimer, j 

who proved a true helpmate and who cheered 
him in his sorrows and disappointments. She is 
a daughter of Amos and Phcebe ( Lance) Wimer, 
who were born in Virginia and moved to Missouri 
in 1858. The father had been a prominent mer- 
chant in his native state, but after coming here 
turned his attention to fanning and dealing in 
live stock. He was summoned to hi.s final rest in 
1876, but his wife is still living in Pettis County, 
and is now in her seventy-fifth year. 

Mrs. Oglesby, like her parents, was born in the 
Old Dominion and with them came West when 
she was a j'oung girl. She bore her husband five 
children, four of whom are still living. Mary El- 
len died at the age of two years; Delia May mar- 
ried Dr. Ramey, of Cass County, Mo.; William 
H. is still at home and manages the farm ; and 
the younger ones, Phoebe, Eunice and Lucy 
Isabel, are all residing with their mother at home. 
Mrs. Oglesby is a member of the Methodist 
Church, while her daughter Delia belongs to the 
Baptist, and the second daughter to the Cumber- 
land Presbj'terian denomination. 


ITbENEZER JONES, one of the substantial 
Ky old residents of Johnson County, is engaged 
L. in market-gardening on thirty-five acres of 
land on section 20. Like many of the best res- 
idents of this section, he was born in Davie Coun- 
ty, N. C, March 6, 1827. His parents were Ed- 
mund and Ann (Lard) Jones, also natives of that 
state, the father's. birth occurring in 1794. He 
was a prominent man in his locality and a sub- 
stantial farmer. In those days it was quite un- 
usual to find a man in the common walks of life 
well educated, but Edmund Jones was an excep- 
tion to this rule, and in con.sequence he was often 
called upon to instruct others. He died in Davie 
County in 1847. 

Edmund and Ann Jones were the parents of 
thirteen children. They were John, James, Wi- 
ley, Samuel, Paulina, Ebenezer, Mary Ann, 



Amanda, Rebecca, George, Sarah, Jane and Rho- 
da. Of this large family only three are now liv- 
ing, the two besides our subject being George, 
who married Mary Edwards, and lives on a farm 
in the eastern portion of this county; and Jane, 
the widow of Samuel Winter, who lives in Ver- 
non County, Mo. 

Mr. Jones, of this sketch, was fairly well edu- 
cated, and lived at home until his marriage with 
Miss Mary McCarter, which was celebrated March 
23, 1849. This lady was born in Davie County, 
N. C, August 13, 1827, and was the daughter 
of James and Dorothy (Snyder) McCarter, also 
natives of that state, where they both died when 
Mrs. Jones was quite young. She was taken in- 
to the home of one of her sisters and remained 
until attaining womanhood. 

For four years after his marriage our subject 
was employed as overseer on one of the large 
plantations of his native state, and at the end of 
that time moved with his family to Washington 
County, Tenn. There he rented property and 
lived for three years, when, thinking to better his 
condition, he became a resident of Greene Coun- 
ty, 111. There he was also a renter, but after a 
residence of four years in that locality he removed, 
on account of sickness, to Macoupin County, that 
state, and there the family continued to live for 
four years more. During that time Mr. Jones 
purchased forty acres of land, but, selling out in 
1865, started overland for Missouri. He passed 
through Johnson County on his way to Kansas 
City, and remained in the latter place only one 
winter. The following spring he returned to this 
locality and rented what was known as the Fin- 
ley F'arm, which he cultivated with success for 
four years. He was very active in the organiza- 
tion of schools in the county and was elected 
President and Clerk of the first Board in the 

Mr. Jones next became the occupant of the 
Dalton Farm, and after a residence there of eight 
months took up his abode on the place formerly 
owned by a Mr. Tyson. Two years later he 
bought forty acres southeast of that place, on sec- 
tion 28, which he improved and lived upon for 
the next ten years. He then sold bis interests 

in that township and became traveling salesman 
for the Stark Nursery, in Louisiana, Mo., his ter- 
ritory lying in Johnson County. For four years 
he remained in the employ of this company and 
then he again began farming, renting land in this 
township. He lived on this tract for a year, 
when he became owner of his present place. He 
gives his attention to market-gardening and is 
thoroughly qualified for this branch of farm work. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Jones there have been born 
three children: S. McFee, whose sketch will ap- 
pear on another page in this volume; Mary Jane, 
nowMrs. Jo.seph J. Fulks, living in this township; 
and Sarah Elizabeth, the wife of Parker Phillips, 
a farmer of this locality. Mr. Jones has never 
been an office-seeker, but is and always has been 
very much interested in the development of his 
community, particularly in the educational line. 
He has never missed attending court since com- 
ing to this locality and has served many times on 
the grand jury. He was a Republican in politics 
until the organization of the People's party, for 
whose candidates he now votes. Both himself 
and wife are members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, and take an active part in church 

IILLIAM CALVERT. Among the self- 
made men of Johnson County, men who 
have accumulated a sufficiency of this 
world's goods, may be reckoned the gentleman 
whose name heads this sketch. He is a resident 
of township 44, range 25, Johnson County, where 
he has a fine farm. He was born in Cooper 
County, Mo., April 6, 1842, andisa son of Alfred 
and Nancy (Carson) Calvert, the former a native 
of Kentucky, but the latter of this state. Her 
father, Charles Carson, was a cousin of the noted 
Kit Carson. The paternal grandfather, William 
Calvert, who was a native of Kentucky and there 
followed farming, came to Missouri at an early 
day, locating in Cooper County, where his death 
occurred. The father of our subject was married 



in that county, where he engaged in farming and 
working at the cooper's trade, and there his death 
occurred when William was quite young. 

The mother later wedded J. R. Bowman, for- 
merly of North Carolina, but who had come to 
Cooper County, where he followed farming. When 
our subject was about four years of age they re- 
moved to Pettis County, settling near Green 
Ridge, on what is now known as the Calvert 
Fann, where they remained ten years, at the end 
of which time they came to Johnson County, lo- 
cating two miles north of Montserrat. Mr. Bow- 
man there purchased six hundred and twenty 
acres of land, which he improved, making it his 
home for nine years, when he returned to Cooper 
County, but later came again to this county, where 
he bought two hundred and forty acres, and there 
spent his remaining days. His wife died on the 
ist of February, 1885. By this union she had be- 
come the mother of five children, two of whom are 
yet living. Sallie married Robert McDonald, a 
farmer of Johnson County, where they still re- 
side; Dona, who died in 1893, was the wife of 
William Perr}^ of Windsor, Mo. ; Columbus Ar- 
dell wedded Henry Coffey, of Knobnoster, where 
he is engaged in business; Allie became the wife 
of Andrew Williams, but is now deceased; and 
one child died in infancy. Mr. Bowman had 
also been previoush' married and bj^ the former 
union had four children. Cary was killed by the 
Indians during the Civil War; Lizzie, now de- 
ceased, was the wife of Allen Pemberton, a farmer 
of Pettis County; Mary, widow of Phene Cald- 
well, makes her home in Warrensburg; and 
Carter died at the age of eighteen years. 

Until the age of twenty-five, William Calvert, 
whose name introduces this sketch, remained at 
home with his mother, assisting in the labors of 
the farm. In 1861 he made a trip to Arkansas, 
helping move a family to Washington County, 
that state. On returning home he started for 
Iowa, making part of the journey by boat and the 
remainder on foot, trj-ing to keep out of the reach 
of the war. From that state he proceeded to Ne- 
braska City, Neb., and then went up the Missouri 
River, where he lived among the Indians. He 
made his home with certain tribes in western Ne- 

braska until the surrender of General Lee, when, 
in 1865, he returned to his home in Cooper 
County. In 1870, however, he made a trip to 
Texas, where for two seasons he herded cattle, 
meeting with excellent success, and then for 
eighteen months worked on the home farm. 

Mr. Calvert was married on the 26th of Febru- 
ary, 1874, Miss Sarah Jane Cooper becoming his 
wife. The lady was born in this county, August 
20,1844, on the farm where she still resides. Aft- 
er his marriage our subject lived for one year at 
High Point Church, when he removed to a farm 
near his present home, which belonged to the 
Cooper estate, and consisted of a tract of one hun- 
dred acres, which he placed under a high state of 
cultivation, there residing for ten years. On the 
expiration of that time, in 1885, he removed to 
his present farm, and now owns altogether two 
hundred and eighty acres, about two hundred of 
which are under cultivation, and on which he 
carries on general farming and .stock-raising. 

Unto our subject and his worthy wife have been 
born five children: Lena, born March 9, 1875; 
Bessie, October 8, 1876; Owen, November 18, 
1878; Sarah Frances, August 27, 1880; and Ur- 
sula, March 25, 1884. All of the children have 
received good educational privileges, being able 
to attend the normal and high schools of War- 
rensburg. The parents hold membership with 
the Baptist Church, and in politics Mr. Calvert 
formerly was a Democrat, but now supports the 
best men, independent of party. 


gENjAMIN F. WALLACE, one of the well- 
to-do and successful farmers of town.ship 45, 
range 25, has hewed out his own way to 
prosperity and richly deserves what he has 
achieved. He was born in Tennessee, January 
19, 1855, and for man}- years dutifully assisted 
his parents, Thomas and Hannah ( Hibbs) Wal- 
lace. The father and mother were also born in 
Tennessee, where they were reared and married. 
In the spring of 1861 Thomas Wallace came 



with wagon and team to Nodaway County, this 
state, and for six months lived there on rented 
land. Not being satisfied with the locality, he 
came to Johnson County in the fall of the year, 
first settling on Clear Fork Creek. There he 
rented a house, but as the winter was quite ad- 
vanced he waited until spring before putting in a 
crop of grain. For three years he lived upon 
this place, each year laying aside a goodly sum 
of money, with which it was his intention to pur- 
chase a tract of land. He made a selection of 
one hundred acres in Post Oak Township, to 
which he afterward added a like amount, and 
upon this fine estate he resides with his estimable 
wife. Mr. Wallace never had any desire to hold 
office, but as a farmer he achieved an enviable 
reputation. His interest in .school affairs, how- 
ever, led to his being elected Director of the dis- 
trict where his family of sons and daughters at- 
tended school. 

To Thomas and Hannah Wallace there were 
granted twelve children, of whom we make 
the following mention; Amelia married David 
Widbee and resides in Henry County, this state; 
Elizabeth became the wife of William Keeney ; 
Nancy married James Warnick, and they reside 
near Knobnoster; William never married, and is 
at present residing in Montana; Joseph married 
Nannie Briscoe, and their home is near Center 
View; Hanie married Thomas Marshall, a resi- 
dent of this township; Fannie was formerly the 
wife of Thomas J. Rogers, and at the time of her 
death lived in Nodaway County, Mo.; Benjamin 
F. was next in order of birth; Louisa is now the 
wife of Thomas J. Rogers; Thomas married 
Evelyn Lindell, and makes his home near the farm 
of our subject; Siotha A. is the wife of Howard 
Clark, and their home is in Henry County; and 
Tabitha died, aged thirteen years. 

One year prior to attaining his majority our 
subject went to Nodaway County, and there 
worked on a farm for one year. He then made 
his way to Montana, and after one summer spent 
in similar employment returned to the old home, 
where he remained until his marriage, October 
20, 1 88 1. His union was with Miss Annie Van- 
blarcum, a native of Henry County, 111., where 

her birth occurred November 4, 1862. Her par- 
ents were David and Bridget (Thornhill) Van- 
blarcum, natives, respectively, of New Jersey and 
England. Her parents were farmers in Henry 
County, whence they came to Cass County, this 
state, in 1869, and later moved to Johnson Coun- 
ty, where the mother of Mrs. Wallace died No- 
vember II, 1886. Her father now makes his 
home with our subject. 

When ready to establish a home of his own, our 
subject purchased ninety acres across the road 
from where he now lives and which at that time 
belonged to his father. To this he later added 
thirty acres, and as the years passed by and he 
became more prosperous, he erected thereon a 
suitable residence and other buildings. He later 
became the owner of thirty acres on the east side 
of the road, to which tract he moved his dwell- 
ing, and there he has since lived. He gives his 
attention to general farming, raising, besides the 
various cereals, a good breed of stock. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wallace became the parents of 
five children. The eldest died unnamed; Thomas 
H. departed this life when six months old; Will- 
iam Carl, was born April 14, 1886; Nora, April 
16, 1889; and Laura, November 26, 1891. Our 
subject has been School Director in his district 
for several years, and as the incumbent of this 
office gives satisfaction. He is a Republican in 
politics and takes great interest in the success of 
his party. He is a self-made man, and the prop- 
erty of which he is now the proud possessor has 
been acquired by diligent labor and good judg- 
ment in the expenditure of money. Mrs. Wal- 
lace is a devoted member of the Baptist Church, 
and a faithful worker in the Harmony Church. 

(5) EORGE W. THOMAS. Since March, 1859, 
l_ this gentleman has been a resident of John- 
V^ son County. He is a native of Virginia, and 
was born in HaHfax County, February 21, 1833, 
being the sixth in order of birth of ten children 




born to Henry and Sallie (Thomas) Thomas, also 
Virginians. There the parents lived for many 
years after their marriage, and when ready to 
make a change in their location moved to North 
Carolina, where the father was engaged in farm- 
ing and operating a distillery for six years. He 
then emigrated to Henderson County, Ky., and 
for eight years was one of the substantial citizens 
and progressive farmers of that particular locality. 
His call to the better land came very suddenly, 
he dying of the cholera in 1847. His wife de- 
parted this life in the Blue Grass State in 1841. 

In the parental family there were ten children. 
Susan, who married Jacob Glasby, died in Indi- 
ana. John departed this life aged twenty-five 
years. Sarah married James Cole, and after his 
decease became the wife of a Mr. Roe, who is also 
deceased; she makes her home in Union County, 
Ky. Henry was two years old at the time of his 
death. Elizabeth passed away at the age of fif- 
teen years. James married a Miss Marcus, who 
since his death resides in Kentuckj'. Martha Jane 
died when seven years old. Marj^ Ann is now 
Mrs. Russell Comer, and they reside in South 
Water, Kan. Jacob O. was six years old when 
called hence. 

Our subject was a lad of fourteen years when 
his father died, and, being then doubly orphaned 
and unfitted to care for himself, he went to live 
with William Martin, a resident of Henderson 
County, Ky. He remained an inmate of his 
household until attaining his majority, and then, 
meeting his uncle, Joel Thomas, who was passing 
through that county on his way to Missouri, he 
joined the little company and traveled on horse- 
back five hundred miles in ten days. This was 
in 1853, and the destination of the party was 
Pettis County. Our subject hired out on reach- 
ing there, and was engaged as a farm hand until 
his marriage, March 11, 1857. On that date he 
was united to Lucy A. Divers, who was born 
January 30, 1837, in Franklin County, Va. She 
was the daughter of Bailey and Nancy D. Divers, 
also natives of the Old Dominion, where they 
were farmers. Several years after the birth of 
Mrs. Thomas they joined the line of emigration 
westward, and, reaching Pettis County, made that 

section their home until the decease of the mother. 
Mr. Divers died in Johnson County. 

For two years after his marriage our subject 
lived on a farm in Pettis County, and in 1859 
crossed the line into Johnson County, first rent- 
ing in this township for two years. At that time 
there were very few people living in this part of 
the county, and Mr. Thomas had his choice of 
land. He made a good selection, and the tract 
of one hundred and thirty acres of which he is 
now the owner is classed among the best culti- 
vated farms in the township. Only forty-five 
acres of this were under tillage when he purchased 
the place. 

During the late war Mr. Thomas enlisted, in 
1862, in the Union service, joining Company B, 
Forty-third State Militia Cavalry, under Capt. 
William Ramey and Colonel Spadden. On the 
expiration of his term of enlisment he was hon- 
orably discharged at Georgetown, Pettis County, 
this state, in February, 1863. After his return 
home he was again called upon to volunteer his 
services, this time as a member of the Home 

Mrs. Thomas passed away on the home farm, 
November 26, 1894. Mr.. Thomas, owing to ad- 
vancing years, is not able to do much farm work, 
and consequently rents the greater portion of his 
estate, giving his attention to the cultivation of 
a few acres on which his residence stands. He is 
a member of the Baptist Church, and in politics 
is, and always has been, a Republican. 

I F. MURRAY, M. D., one of the worthy 
I C and esteemed citizens of Holden, Johnson 
I J County, has been engaged in practice here 
since May, 1876. During nearly two decades that 
have since elapsed, his popularity as a family 
practitioner and surgeon has constantly increased. 
In order to keep in touch with new discoveries 
in medical science, he studies the leading journals 
of his profession, and is a member of the Hodgen 
Medical Society, the State Medical Society and 
the National Association of Railway Surgeons. 



For a number of 3-ears he has been local surgeon 
for the Missouri Pacific Railway. His library is 
an extensive and valuable one, and the papers 
which he has been called upon to give on fre- 
quent occasions before the societies to which he 
belongs have invariably received favorable com- 

The parents of the Doctor, J. D. and Mary A. 
(Reese) Murray, were natives of North Carolina 
and South Carolina, respectively, and were mar- 
ried May 10, 1832. In 1839 the family, consist- 
ing of the parents, two sons and a daughter, drove 
across the country in a wagon, which also con- 
tained their few household eflfects. They were 
quite poor, and after arriving here met with a 
stroke of bad luck, as the horses died, and Mr. 
Murray was obliged to borrow one of a neighbor 
in order to plant his first crop. In time he be- 
came well-to-do, his possessions numbering some 
six hundred or seven hundred acres of land. A 
Democrat in politics, he voted for President Polk, 
but was opposed to secession, though his sym- 
pathies were to some extent with the South. 
His family was divided on the question, two of 
his sons enlisting in the Federal army and another 
son in the Confederate service. He was called to 
his final rest July 19, 1872. 

Dr. Murray was born in Morgan County, Mo., 
May 2, 1847, and had but meager privileges in 
an educational way. While yet a mere boy he 
had a strong ambition to enter the medical prac- 
tice, but, the war coming on, he abandoned the 
idea for a time. Remaining on the home farm 
until arriving at his majority, in 1869, he went to 
Nebraska and for a year and a-half engaged in 
farming there. This change was made in the 
hope of benefiting his health, and after roughing 
it he returned home much improved. During 
the summer of 1874 and 1875 he read medicine, 
and in the fall of the latter year taught .school for 
a four-months term. In 1874 he took a course 
at the St. Louis Medical College, and in the sum- 
mer of the following year practiced in Morgan 
County. In the fall of 1875 he entered the Louis- 
ville (Ky.) Medical College, and February 26 fol- 
lowing was graduated with the degree of Doctor 
of Medicine. 

In Morgan County, Dr. Murray and Elizabeth 
A. Ball, one of his boyhood playmates, were mar- 
ried on Christmas Day, 1877. To them have been 
born two sons: Samuel Astley, May 21, 1882; and 
Francis Agnew, January 6, 1889. 

For two terms Dr. Murray has served as Coun- 
ty Coroner, having been elected on the Demo- 
cratic ticket. He is a worker in the ranks of that 
party and takes great interest in its prosperity. 
Personally he is well liked by all who know him, 
and enjoys the friendship of hosts of acquaintances 
in this locality. 




— • ?^llls®^' 

^5^EWT0N murphy was formerly one of the 
rV thrifty and enterprising farmers of Johnson 
1/3 County, owning a well improved estate of 
eighty acres in township 45, range 25. He was 
born in Geauga County, Ohio, July 22, 1822, and 
was the son of Thomas and Ruby Murphy. The 
father was born in Berkshire County, Mass., 
while the mother was a native of Tolland Coun- 
ty, Conn. They were married September 13, 
1 81 3, and many years thereafter removed to 
Geauga County, Ohio, where they were engaged 
in farming for the remaining years of the fa- 
ther's life. Mrs. Murphy died in Trumbull 
County, that state. To Thomas and Ruby Mur- 
phy there were born six children, viz. : John, Wil- 
liston, Clarinda, Newton, Flora and Ella. The 
second son is the only member of the family now 
living, and he makes his home in the Buckeye 

Newton Murphy lived with his parents in his 
native county until his marriage, which took place 
when he was twenty -six years old, the lady of his 
choice being Miss Elizabeth Mallory, also a na- 
tive of that county. They continued to live in 
Geauga County for some time, when they moved 
to Port Huron, Mich., where Newton obtained 
employment in the shipyard. After a residence 
there of about four years he returned to his native 



place bereft of his wife, who had died in the Wol- 
verine State. To them was born a son, Elbert, 
who departed this life at the age of six years. 

After the death of his wife Mr. Murphy lived 
for a time in Geauga County, engaged in farm- 
ing, but as he desired to make a change, removed 
to Ashtabula County, that state, which was his 
place of residence for several years. We next 
find him farming on a quarter-section of land in 
Jewell County, Kan., which he improved and 
lived upon for six years. While there he was 
married to Mrs. E. M. Murphy, the widow of 
James Murphy. She was born in Ashtabula 
County, Ohio, February 22, 1836, and was the 
daughter of Allen and Nancy (Glancy) Ames, 
the former born in New York State and the latter 
in Pennsylvania. Mr. Ames was a carpenter, 
following that trade all his active life. He lived 
in Ashtabula County, Ohio, many years, but on 
attaining his sixty-eighth year removed with his 
wife to Allegan County, Mich., where he lived 
retired for some time prior to his death. Mrs. 
Ames also died in that state. 

The brothers and sisters of Mrs. Murphy were 
eight in number, and of them we make the fol- 
lowing mention: L,ucinda married Varanes Cole, 
and upon his demise she became the wife of 
George Freeman; both are now deceased. Jesse 
married Mary Ann West, and the}^ are also de- 
ceased. Madison and his wife, formerly Miss 
Dexter Starkey, have passed from the scenes of 
earth. Thankful married Crandall Hopkins, and 
they make their home on a farm in Antelope 
County, Neb. John died at the age of twenty- 
two years. Selden married Sophia Havens, and 
their home is in Ft. Collins, Colo. Willard is 
living with his wife, formerly Mary Carnes, in 
Van Buren Countj^ Mich. Fiesco was killed in 
battle during the late war. 

The wife of our subject was married, in 1849, to 
James Murphy, who although bearing the same 
name was not a relation. He was a native of New 
York State, and after removing to Ashtabula 
County, Ohio, made his home there until his de- 
cease. To them were born three children. Ida, 
who married Charles Forbes, is living in San Jose, 
Cal. ; Ardell married Dora Reed, and they live in 

Perry, Lake County, Ohio; James Clayton was 
born October 6, i860. He has never married, 
and continues to make his home with his mother. 
Soon after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Murphy 
came to Warren.sburg, Mo. , near which city they 
purchased a farm of eightj^ acres. The estate is 
stocked with a good grade of animals and is so 
managed as to produce a goodly amount of grain 
each year. Mrs. Murphy continues to live on 
this fai'm, which she cultivates with the aid of her 
son. Our subject was a Republican in politics, 
greatly interested in the success of the party, al- 
though he always preferred attending to his pri- 
vate interests rather than holding office. His 
death occurred August 25, 1893, ^t which time 
the community lost one of its most valued citi- 
zens. Mrs. Murphy is a member of the Christian 
Church, having joined that denomination in Ohio. 

EAPT. JEHU H. SMITH is the proprietor of 
a feed stable at Warrensburg, in which busi- 
ness he has been interested for the past ten or 
twelve years. He has made his home in this city 
since the termination of his war service, and in 
1865 was elected to the position of Mayor, serving 
as such for two years, and for five years was a 
member of the City Council. In 1866 he became 
a member of the first school board organized here, 
which erected the first public schoolhouse, in spite 
of strong prejudice against the enterprise. Alto- 
gether he has served fifteen j^ears as a School Di- 
rector and has had the satisfaction of seeing sev- 
eral modern buildings put up for the education of 
the rising generation. 

A native of Monroe County, W. Va., Captain 
Smith was born April 29, 1832, being the son of 
Christopher and Mary (Hanks) Smith. The 
mother came from the same family as did the 
mother of Abraham Lincoln, Nancy Hanks, she 
being her aunt. Christopher Smith was a tobacco 
manufacturer at Danville, Va. , until he was about 



forty-five years of age, when he moved to Ohio, 
where he died two years later. When J. H. Smith 
was two years old his parents removed to North 
Carolina and lived in Raleigh about ten years, 
though during this time the father continued to 
do business in Danville, Va. 

His father having died in 1850, our subject was 
thrown upon his own resources, and the manage- 
ment of his father's farm fell upon his shoulders. 
He continued to live with his mother until he was 
married, and it was not until 1859 that he moved 
to Missouri. He bought one hundred and sixty 
acres of land in Harrison County, and cultivated 
the place until the outbreak of the war. In 1861 
he organized a company of home guards, of which 
he was made Captain. During the winter of 
1861-62 he was stationed at Gallatin, Mo., and 
was instrumental in driving out a regiment of 
Confederates. In the following February he was 
made Adjutant of the regiment, and his company 
all re-enlisted, becoming the First Missouri Cav- 
alry, Missouri State Militia. Their headquarters 
were at Breckenridge for some time, but in Au- 
gust, 1862, they were engaged in battle with 
General Porter at Kirksville. Captain Smith 
was wounded in the leg during the skirmish near 
Lexington, Mo., but otherwise was never injured. 
In 1863 their headquarters were changed to War- 
rensburg, and in October of that year Mr. Smith 
was appointed Provost-Marshal by General Scho- 
field. Subsequently he was Provost-Marshal at 
Kansas City until the death of Lincoln, when he 
was appointed on the staff of General McNeal 
and took charge of the arsenal at Jefferson City. 
He was finally mustered out of the service, Au- 
gust 25, 1865, and rejoined his family, who had 
lived during the war in Harrison County, but 
whom he then brought to Warrensburg, their 
permanent home. 

December 24, 1854, Captain Smith married 
Margaret J. McKibben, who was born in Colum- 
biana County, Ohio, in July, 1833. To them 
were born six children, of whom the eldest, Oscar, 
died at the age of six years, during the war; Sa- 
rah, wife of C. S. McCarty, has two children, and 
is now living in New Mexico; Josephine married 
W. E. Anderson, by whom she has three children. 

and makes her home in Colorado; Joseph H., 
whose wife died leaving him two children, is now 
living with his parents; Laura also resides at 
home; and Maude died at the age of six years. 

In 1866 Captain Smith was elected County 
Treasurer, and served two years in that capacity, 
after which he was made Deputy-Sheriff, and at 
the end of two years was elected Sheriff and Col- 
lector. He had bought land in Johnson County 
amounting to about four hundred acres, and this 
he looked after for two years. When he was a 
boy he united with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, but is now a member of the First Presby- 
terian Church of this city. In 1866 hejoined Cor- 
inthian Lodge No. 26i«, A. F. & A. M., of War- 
rensburg, with which he has since been identified. 
He also belongs to the Royal Arch Masons, the 
Knights Templar, Col. Grover Post, G. A. R., 
and is also identified with the Independent Order 
of Odd Fellows. 

ILLIAM L. HUGHES, an industrious and 
thrifty farmer, owns a valuable homestead 
on section 13. township 47, range 24, 
Johnson County. Altogether his property com- 
prises some three hundred and seventy-eight 
acres of superior and well improved land in this 
and Pettis Counties. He makes a specialty of 
raising grain and live stock, and for a young man 
has made rapid strides toward wealth and influ- 
ence in the community where he dwells. 

The parents of our subject, J. P. and Holly W. 
(Porter) Hughes, natives of Smith County, Tenn., 
were among the early settlers and respected in- 
habitants of this county. The grandparents died 
in Tennessee, and the father made the trip west- 
ward with some relatives. On reaching man's 
estate he embarked in farming, and continued in 
that line of business until his death, which oc- 
curred January II, 1890. His wife survives him 
and is hale and hearty, and has now reached her 
sixty -seventh year. 


William L. Hughes is the second child and 
eldest son of his parents, and was born in this 
county March 23, 1862. He continued to dwell 
at the old home until past his majority, obtaining 
prior to that time a fair education in the district 
schools. He was early inured to the duties per- 
taining to farm life, thus being fitted for his fu- 
ture career. Industrious and thrifty by nature, 
he has been the main architect of his own fort- 
unes, and is recognized as a young man of pro- 
gressive ideas and one who is fully abreast of the 
times. In his political views he is a true-blue 
Republican, and has an abiding faith in the wis- 
dom of his party's doctrines. 

April 24, 1890, a marriage ceremony united the 
fortunes of Mr. Hughes and Lizzie, daughter of 
Thomas S. and Elizabeth (Carroll) Foster. The 
former, a native of Kentucky, is still living, but 
his wife, whose birth occurred in Illinois, has been 
dead for several years. To Mr. and Mrs. Hughes 
were born three children, the eldest of whom died 
in infancy. Those living are Mary Foster and 
Wallace Ward, both of whom are extremely bright 
and interesting little ones. Mr. Hughes is a 
member of the Methodist denomination, while his 
good wife is identified with the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church. 

(TACOB H. KNAUS, attorney-at-law of 
I Knobnoster, has gained an enviable reputa- 
(2/ tion for his legal ability, good judgment and 
sound integrity. During the years in which he 
has practiced before the Bar of Missouri, he has 
become eminent as a counselor, and has acquired 
more than a local renown on account of his schol- 
arly attainments, his thorough knowledge of the 
law, and his devotion to the interests of his cli- 

Mr. Knaus is a native of this county, and was 
born in Washington Township, October 23, 1845. 

He was the third in order of birth in the family 
of six comprised in the household of Jacob and 
Sophia (Prigmore) Knaus. The father was a 
native of Mason County, Ky., his birth occurring 
October 27, 18 10. His parents were in turn 
Pennsylvanians, in which state they were mar- 
ried in 1 79 1. Soon after this event they removed 
to Kentucky, later to Ohio, and about 1817 we 
find them living in this state, residents of Howard 
Count3\ There the grandmother of our subject 
died. Her son, Jacob, Sr., lived in that .section 
for a year, when he came to Knobnoster, John- 
son County, where he still makes his home. 
When quite young in years he learned the trade 
of a blacksmith, and when twenty-two years of 
age established a home of his own and was mar- 
ried to Miss Catherine Maxwell. She survived 
her marriage two years, dying in October, 1834, 
after becoming the mother of one child, John. 

Jacob Knaus and Miss Sophia Prigmore were 
married in Pettis County, this .state, in 1839, and 
the sons and daughters born to them were named, 
respectively, Benjamin P., Mary C, Jacob H., 
William C, Walter Y., George W. and Joseph. 
The latter died in infancy. The father of this fam- 
ily was at one time appointed by the County Court 
Magistrate of Washington Township, holding the 
office a short time. In 1840 he was elected Sher- 
iff, and so acceptably did he fulfill the duties of 
the office that he was retained for two terms, or 
eight years. In the general election of 1848 he 
was chosen one of the County Justices, and for 
four years held the office. He is still living, hav- 
ing attained the venerable age of eighty-five 
years. During his early years he was active and 
public-spirited, always faithful to the interests of 
his community. 

Jacob H., of this sketch, attended the district 
schools in his boyhood days and when old enough 
aided in the work of carrying on the home farm. 
On attaining his majority he began the struggle 
of life for himself, choosing the vocation of a 
farmer, which he followed until his removal to 
Knobnoster, to discharge his duties as Justice of 
the Peace, to which office he was elected in 1876. 
Soon after locating in this place he began the 
study of law, and in 1878 was admitted to the 



Bar. As an attorney he has not his superior in 
this section and is meeting with the success which 
his devotion to his profession merits. 

Jacob H. Knaus and Miss Lydia Wampler 
were married April 7, 1867. The lady was the 
daughter of Edward and Elizabeth (Stoner) 
Wampler, natives of Ohio, where Mrs. Knaus was 
born in 185 1 . To them has been born a son, Hen- 
ry Vernon, who is at present the eificient Mayor 
of Knobnoster. It had always been his ambition 
and desire to follow in the footsteps of his hon- 
ored father, and in February, 1895, he was admit- 
ted to the Bar, being well fitted by nature for the 
legal profession. Our subject has likewise occu- 
pied the honored office of Mayor of this city, and 
for many years has been prominent in its polit- 
ical and .social life. He is at all times and under 
all conditions a Democrat and one of the influ- 
ential members of his party in Johnson County. 
He is widely known throughout the surrounding 
country, his practice often calling him far beyond 
the limits of the county . 

Henry Vernon Knaus was married, in 1891, to 
Miss Lillie, daughter of John and Clarinda 
(Wells) Guihen, the latter of whom comes of an 
old and prominent family of this state. Mr. 
Knaus is active in the order of Knights of Pyth- 
ias, and, like his father, is a Democrat politically. 
His wife belongs to the Catholic Church. Mrs. 
Jacob H. Knaus departed this life in 1885, great- 
ly mourned by all who knew her. 

IT RNEST SHRIER is one of the self-made 
1^ men of Center View, Johnson County, as he 
LL started out in life without capital and with 
his mother dependent upon him for support. In 
spite of all difficulties he was persevering in 
his determination to win success, and was a man 
of that stock which is not easily discouraged. 
Immediately after his marriage he leased a piece 
of land for seven years and then invested in forty 
acres lying in Macoupin County, 111. This he 

sold out in 188 1, and, coming to this locality, pur- 
chased one hundred and five acres of the farm 
which he now owns and manages. The place 
was then entirely without improvements and the 
first building erected thereon stood in the center 
of a cornfield. 

The parents of our subject were John and Cath- 
erine Shrier, natives of Germany, who crossed 
the Atlantic in the '50s and settled near Bunker 
Hill, 111. The father, who was a gardener in his 
native land, after locating in the Prairie State 
rented a farm, but was preparing to buy a place 
when his career was cut short by death, while still 
a comparatively young man. His widow contin- 
ued to live at Bunker Hill until she departed 
this life in 1879, being then seventy-five years of 
age. She was for years a member of the German 
Methodist Church. Her children are as follows: 
WiUiam, a farmer of Macoupin County, 111.; 
Hannah, widow of John Hoetker and a resident 
of Bunker Hill; Lena, whose home is in Carroll 
County, Mo.; Dora, widow of Rudolph Fisher, 
and now manager of the Bunker Hill Hotel; 
Henry, a farmer near thai village; Sophia, of the 
same place, and widow of Fred Frederickson ; 
August, a farmer of Macoupin County, 111. ; Er- 
nest, our subject; Otto, who lives in Bunker Hill; 
and John, a farmer of Grant County, Ore. 
The latter served during the last year and a-half 
of the war in the Ninety-seventh Regiment of 
Illinois Volunteers. 

The birth of Ernest Shrier occurred May 9, 
1845, in Germany, and he was a mere child when 
his parents removed to Illinois. He attended 
school to some extent prior to his eleventh year, 
after which, in order to help support his mother, 
he engaged in working for farmers by the month, 
and for four years was employed by Thomas Hil- 
ton, of Madison County, 111. In August, 1862, 
he joined the Ninety-seventh Illinois Regiment, 
being assigned to Company A. His service led 
him into many of the most important battles of 
the war, among which we mention the following: 
Chickasaw Bayou, Champion Hills, siege of 
Vicksburg, Port Gibson, Black River Bridge, 
siege of Fts. Jackson and Blakely, and Atcha- 
falaya. At Ft. Blakely he received a slight 



wound from a musket-ball. The only battle in 
which his regiment was engaged and in which he 
did not participate was at Arkansas Post, he be- 
ing sick in the hospital with the measles. He 
was discharged at Galveston, Tex., July 29, 1865, 
and was mustered out at Springfield, III. 

Returning home, Mr. Shrier was again engaged 
to work for Mr. Hilton, his former employer, 
and subsequently was hired by John Goodwin 
for nearly four years, and then by Thomas Wood 
for a year. October 27, 1870, Mr. Shrier mar- 
ried Henrietta Goodwin, who died November 25, 
1892, being then forty years of age, as she was 
born July 18, 1852. She was the mother of six 
children, namely: Charles W., born September 
15, 1871; Ida May, March 19, 1875; Albert Ma- 
rion, September 26, 1886; John, who was born 
July ID, 1873, and died March 23, 1879; George 
A., born February 26, 1878, and who died Janu- 
ary 8, 1880; and a child born May 4, 1880, who 
died before receiving a name. The mother was a 
noble Christian woman, who was beloved by all 
who knew her. 

On first becoming a voter Mr. Shrier was an 
ally of the Democracy, but of late years he has 
been a stanch Republican. He is a Past Master 
Workman in the local lodge of the Ancient Order 
of United Workmen of Center View, and has repre- 
sented the same in the Grand Lodge of the state. 

GIdAM RATHFON, a well known and re- 
Ll spected agriculturist of Johnson County, is 
/ I the owner of eighty acres of land in town- 
ship 44, range 25. He was born in Lancaster 
County, Pa., May 21, 1827, and is the son of 
David and Nancy (Warfel) Rathfon, who were 
also born in the above county, the former in 
1797, and the latter in 1796. David Rathfon 
was a weaver in early manhood, but afterward 
became a farmer, following that occupation in 
the Keystone State until 1838, when he sold his 
possessions and moved to Wayne County, Ind. 

There he lived on a farm for a number of years, 
and then, disposing of it, changed his location 
to White County, that state, where he purchased 
property. He is now living there, at the home 
of a granddaughter, and has attained the re- 
markable age of ninety-eight years. He pos- 
sesses a wonderful constitution, and, although 
having nearly reached the century mark, has 
never been sick two weeks in his life. His wife 
died in October, 1889, at the age of ninety-three 

To David and Nancy Rathfon there were born 
eight children, two of whom are now living. 
The two eldest died in infancy. Adam, of this 
sketch, was the next in order of birth. Abram 
married Mary Custer, and both are now de- 
ceased. George married Rachel Davis, but she 
is deceased, and he lives in Monticello, Ind., 
where he is operating a planing-mill. Joseph, 
who married Catherine Downs, is deceased, and 
his wife makes her home in Logansport, Ind. 
Jacob became the husband of Amanda Wolf and 
after his death his wife removed to Indianapolis, 
Ind. John died in infancy. 

Adam Rathfon started out for himself at the 
age of twenty years His first money was earned 
by working out by the day, month or year on 
farms in the vicinity of his home. He continued 
to be thus employed for four years, and then, 
being ready to establish a home of his own, was 
married, September 4, 1851, to Miss Sarah Geb- 
hart, who was born in Centre County, Pa., No- 
vember 14, 1829. She was the daughter of John 
and Rachel (Shafer) Gebhart, also Pennsylvan- 
ians by birth. Her father was in early life a 
weaver, but, finding farming to be a more profit- 
able business, abandoned his trade in order to 
take up that vocation. In 1847 he removed to 
Indiana, and spent the remainder of his life in 
Wayne County, being a resident of that locality 
for about thirty-two years. His wife preceded 
him to the better land, dying seventeen years 
previously. They had the following children: 
Hannah, Margaret, Sarah (Mrs. Rathfon), Eliz- 
abeth, Rachel, Cornelius, Michael, Mary Ann, 
William and Susan Ann. 

Soon after taking unto himself a wife and 



helpmate, our subject moved to Fayette County, 
Ind., and for two years was engaged there in 
farming. He then became a resident of Wayne 
County, but after a twelvemonth changed his lo- 
cation, this time moving to Delaware County. 
He made that section his home for twelve years, 
when he returned to Wayne County, and for four 
years following rented property. 

Our subject was induced to come to this local- 
ity through the influence of his brother Abrani, 
who made his home near Carthage. In October, 
1870, he landed in this state, having been twenty- 
eight days en route. In passing through John- 
son County he made the acquaintance of some 
very friendly people, and concluded to cast his 
lot among them. In the spring of 1871, how- 
ever, he came to his present farm, renting the 
property for one year, and later purchased it. 
The farm includes about eighty-one acres, and is 
located on section 4. All the improvements to 
be found on the place were made by our subject, 
and indicate him to be a progressive and ener- 
getic man. 

The family of our subject originally comprised 
ten children, five of whom are now deceased. 
We make the following mention of the entire 
family: Benjamin F. was born June 14, 1852; 
he married Jcsephine Still, and they now make 
their home in San Francisco, Cal. John D. was 
born October 3, 1853; he married Louella Bald- 
win, and lives in Richmond, Ind. Cornelius G., 
who was born December 11, 1855, married Clara 
Hazelrigg, and departed this life February 16, 
1890; his widow now lives on the old home place 
in Henry County, Ind. William Walter was 
born January 7, 1857, ^^^ ^^^^ ^^ infancy. Dan- 
iel Webster was born February 25, 1859, and is 
now living in Montana, being employed in a 
mill in Marysville. Henrietta Alice was born 
October 24, i860; .she became the wife of H. M. 
Buford, and they make their home in Vernon 
County, this state. Rachel Ella was born March 
23, 1862, and died October 11, 1875. Joel was 
born March 18, 1864, and died in infancy. Min- 
erva Jane, born November 27, 1865, is now liv- 
ing in San Francisco with her brother. Aima 
W., born February i, 1869, died in October of 

the following year. The living members of this 
family are all well educated, and while living 
in Indiana many of them taught school. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Rathfon are members of 
the German Baptist Church, attending the con- 
gregation near their home. In politics Mr. Rath- 
fon is a Democrat, but votes for the best man in- 
dependent of party. He is self-made, and all that 
he now has has been accumulated solely through 
his own efforts and the aid which has been given 
him by his good wife. 







AMUEL D. BLAKE. With the development 
and progress of Johnson County Mr. Blake 
was for a number of years actively associat- 
He was especially prominent in township 
range 25, where he had a fine property of two 
hundred and forty acres. He later disposed of one- 
half of this tract, and at the time of his decease, 
which occurred February 6, 1884, was the owner 
of one hundred and twenty acres, well improved. 
This estate was acquired through persevering in- 
dustry and good management. 

Mr. Blake was born in Gloucester County, 
N. J., November 4, 1811, to John and Eleanor 
Blake, who were also born in the above county 
in New Jersey. There John Blake was a boat- 
builder, and there he also ran on the river until his 
removal to Greene County, 111. While in the 
Prairie State he studied medicine, and upon com- 
pleting the prescribed course began practice in 
the towns of Carlinville and Collinsville, 111. He 
died in the latter place, while his wife departed 
this life in Greene County. 

The family of John and Eleanor Blake includ- 
ed eight children. Samuel D. was the eldest; Ezra 
married Mary Moffat, and both died in Collins- 
ville, 111.; Charles, who is deceased, married Let- 
tie Moffat, and after her death married Sarah 
Hadley, who now makes her home in Colorado; 
Daniel chose for his wife Nancy Newell, and they 



now make their home in Warrensburg; Mary 
married James Hickman, and both are deceased; 
Rachel married James Metcalf, now deceased, 
while she makes her home with her sister-in-law 
in Colorado; Margaret married Jesse Thacker, 
and both are deceased; and John first married Lot- 
tie Farner, and after her death he married Laura 

The marriage of our subject with Elizabeth 
Davis occurred a short time after leaving the par- 
ental roof. Mrs. Blake survived her marriage 
about seven or eight years, and died at her home 
in Greene County, 111., near White Hall. Mr. 
Blake then engaged in farming, and September 
7, 1844, chose for his second companion Cather- 
ine Johnson, who was born April 2, 1827, in An- 
derson County, Tenn. She was the daughter of 
Benjamin and Asby (Farmer) Johnson, agricult- 
urists and natives of the last-mentioned county. 
In the year 1831 they took up the line of march 
to Illinois, locating in Greene County, where 
they became the owners of a good property and 
where they passed the remainder of their lives. 
To them were born six children, of whom Mrs. 
Blake was the fourth in order of birth. Mary 
died at the age of twenty years; Samantha mar- 
ried John Bighani, but both she and her husband 
are now deceased; Rosina and her husband, Al- 
exander Howard, are deceased; Rebecca Adams 
was two years old at the time of her demise; and 
Eliza Ann, the wife of Peter Johnson, makes her 
home in Oregon. 

For one year after their marriage Mr. Blake 
farmed near Wilmington, 111. He was then elect- 
ed Constable and Deputy Sheriff of Greene Coun- 
ty, and in addition to discharging the duties of 
these ofiices operated a hotel at Wilmington. 
■ He was ' 'mine' ' of this house for seven j-ears, 
when, going to Palmyra, Macoupin County, 111., 
he established himself in general merchandis- 
ing business. He was identified with the prom- 
inent business men of that place for several years, 
when he moved his stock of goods to Gillespie, 
that county, where he was similarly employed un- 
til the outbreak of the late war. At that time he 
sold his interests in this line and invested his cap- 
ital in farming lands in that county, living there 

until the establishment of peace. He then decid- 
ed to emigrate to Missouri, in which state one of 
his brothers was living. He accordingly sold 
his farm in Illinois, and, coming to Johnson Coun- 
ty, purchased a tract of two hundred and forty 
acres. This he cultivated for some time, but aft- 
erward sold one-half of it. His wife now lives on 
this place and gives her attention to its cultiva- 

By his first union Mr. Blake became the father 
of seven children, of whom those now living are 
Eleanor Fowler, Mrs. Boosinger; Libbie Davis, 
Mrs. Pearson; and Carrie D., Mrs. Wilson. The 
children of the second union of our subject were 
seven in number, four of whom are living: Annie 
E., Mrs. Granger; Maggie A., Mrs. Cummings; 
Douglas A.; and Corie C, Mrs. Adams. At the 
time of his, Mr. Blake was holding the 
office of Justice of the Peace of his township. He 
was a Democrat in politics, and with his good 
wife was a valued member of the Christian 
Church. As he was well and favorably known 
in this vicinity, his death was deeply regretted. 

pCJlLLIAM HENRY JAMES is one of the 
\A/ P^^^tic^l ^nd successful young farmers 
Y V who have been largely instrumental in the 
upbuilding and progress of Johnson County. 
His home is on section 35, township 47, range 
27, a fine piece of land, comprising eighty acres, 
well adapted to general farming purposes. He 
became the owner of this homestead in the spring 
of 1893, ^nd since that time has instituted many 

Mr. James was born on a farm two miles and 
a-half east of his present residence, April 11, 
1859. He is the elder of two children born to 
John N. and Ann (Claimich) James. The father 
was brought up to agricultural pursuits, but on 
reaching man's estate he concluded to learn the 
plasterer's trade, and served an apprenticeship to 


the same. Afterwards he resumed farming, and 
conducted a place in Crawford County, Kan., un- 
til 1876. At that time Kansas City appeared to 
be a good field of work for builders and trades- 
men, and, leaving the farm, he went thither. 
For some six years he had all that he could do 
and was greatly prospered, but in 1882 the dread 
disease smallpox broke out in the city, and he 
was one of the victims. He was twice married, 
his second wife being a Miss Clara Smith, who 
still survives him. William H. is the only sur- 
viving child of the first marriage, but three of 
the five children born of the second union are 
now living. 

Meeting with the great misfortune of losing 
his mother when he was but two years and a-half 
old, W. H. James was early compelled to enter 
the struggle of life on his own responsibility. 
When he was in his seventh year he found a 
home with a Mr. Campbell, working for him in 
the summer and attending the district schools in 
the winter. Little did he think at that time, a 
poor and almost friendless boy, that he would 
later own the farm on which he was growing up. 
He possessed the right qualifications, and adversi- 
ty developed his inherent strength of character. 
After living with Mr. Campbell about three years 
he entered the employ of another man, and the 
rest of his youth was spent with different farmers 
in the neighborhood. When he was able to com- 
mand wages he had learned the value of money 
and carefully husbanded his resources. Renting 
a piece of land from Mr. Marr, he proceeded to 
cultivate the tract, and at intervals worked by the 
day or month for other parties. 

October 8, 1882, Mr. James married Frances 
V. Larkerbrink, daughter of the honored old 
pioneers, Henry and Catherine (McMahon) Lark- 
erbrink. Mrs. James possesses an excellent edu- 
cation and unusual social ability and tact, and 
has been of material assistance to her husband in 
his efforts to obtain a competence. They have 
had two children, but have had the misfortune to 
lose both of them. 

In his political affiliations Mr. James is a Re- 
publican and has always advocated the principles 
of his party. Upright and honorable in all of 

his business dealings, he bears an enviable repu- 
tation among his neighbors and has many friends 
in this community. He and his good wife are 
identified with the Cumberland Presbyterian 

BIGELOW D. BUZZARD has been engaged 
in agricultural pursuits on section 24, town- 
ship 45, range 29, Johnson County, for the 
past quarter of a century. He is a patriotic citi- 
zen, and one greatly interested in the prosperity 
of the countrj' for which he fought during the 
War of the Rebellion. He was born in Holmes 
County, Ohio, September 29, 1830, and was 
reared to maturity on his father's farm. After re- 
ceiving ordinary educational privileges, and when 
twenty-two years of age, he went to a boarding- 
school for a few months, paying for his tuition 
with money he had earned himself 

The father of our subject, Daniel Buzzard, was 
born in Westmoreland County, Pa., July 19, 1790, 
and served in the War of 18 12, on the lake. Aft- 
erward he settled in Holmes Count}', Ohio, en- 
tering land from the Government, and resided 
there until 1850, when he sold out, locating near 
Odella Lake. In 1853 he went to Richland Coun- 
ty, where he purchased one hundred and thirty- 
five acres, and thereon spent the remainder of his 
life. He never received a pension nor land-war- 
rant, because there had not been proper records of 
his army service kept, but he bought a couple of 
land-warrants of a nephew, and located three 
hundred and twenty acres in Linn County, Iowa. 
He was twice married, his first wife being a Miss 
Nancy Drake, by whom he had fifteen children, 
all but five of whom lived to manhood and wo- 
manhood. A strong anti-slavery man, he rejoiced 
at the downfall of the system, and after the organ- 
ization of the Republican party became one of its 
supporters. His death occurred August 16, 1865. 
B. D. Buzzard was reared on his father's farm, 
and continued to work on the place until i860, 



with the exception of a few short intervals. No- 
vember 15, i860, he wedded Araminda Brown, 
who was born in Richland County, Ohio, Septem- 
ber 16, 1841, being a daughter of Caleb and Eliz- 
abeth (Johnston) Brown, natives of Butler Coun- 
ty, Pa., and Greene County, Ohio, respectively. 
The mother's parents, however, were also from 
the Keystone State. The Browns and Johnstons 
were of Scotch and Irish descent, but for many 
generations had lived in America. The Buzzard 
family is of German origin, and our subject's 
father could speak little English until after he 
was twelve years of age. 

Before his marriage Bigelow Buzzard erected a 
large house on his father's farm, and both families 
lived together after that event. In September, 
1862, he enlisted in Company H, One Hundred 
and Twentieth Ohio Infantrj^ and took part in 
the battles of Arkansas Post, Milliken's Bend and 
the siege of Vicksburg. May i, 1863, he was 
wounded in the right lung and fell prostrate, but 
as soon as he was able to stand he was led to the 
rear, v/here his wounds were dressed, and for 
about two months he was in the field hospital. 
He came very near death's door, and attributes 
his recoverj' parti}- to the fact that he was kept 
on a diet of boiled milk, which is nourishing and 
easily digested. June 29, 1863, he was taken to 
Benton Barracks, near St. Louis, and was there 
honorably discharged on the 17th of the following 
month. He went to the front under Captain 
Phelan, later served under Captain Taylor, and 
had as his Colonel a Mr. French, from his native 

Returning home, Mr. Buzzard lived in Rich- 
land County, Ohio, until March, 1866, and there 
four of his children were born. Moving to Cooper 
County, Mo., he purchased one hundred and 
twenty acres, paying the amount required on the 
spot, and cultivated the farm for two years. In 
1868, selling out, he moved to Johnson County 
and invested in a tract of one hundred and thirty- 
five acres.- In 1870 he also sold this tract, buy- 
ing instead his present home of a quarter-section. 
Since then he has added another eighty acres, 
and thus has a valuable farm, comprising two 
hundred and forty acres within its boundaries. 

The eldest child of Mr. and Mrs. Buzzard, An- 
nie Violet, born July 14, 1861, married George 
Frary, and died January 7, 1895, leaving four 
children, one having previously died in infancy. 
Ulysses Grant, born June 19, 1864, and a resi- 
dent of Kingsville Township, is married and has 
one child. Jeanette F., born January 7, 1866, is 
clerking in Salida, Colo. Martha E., born in 
Cooper County, Mo., November 29, 1867, died 
December 18, 187 1. Alice E., a native of this 
county, born June 16, 1869, married Albert Fra- 
ry, by whom she has one child, and is a resident 
of Linn County, Iowa. The younger children 
are Gilbert N., born January 31, 1870; Lizzie 
Pauline, February 11, 1873; Ethel Blanche, Sep- 
tember 27, 1874; Minnie L., January 9, 1878; 
Maude E., March 25, 1880; Guy Ashton, Decem- 
ber 5, 1881; Josie Olive, May 22, 1883; and Cora 
Augusta, August 30, 1886. 

Politically Mr. Buzzard is a Republican, with 
strong prohibition proclivities. Both he and his 
wife have been members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church for many years, the former having 
become identified with the same in his early man- 
hood, and the latter having been a member since 
1862. They are worthy people and well entitled 
to a place among the honored old residents of 
Johnson County. 

^©L_ ^mMs ^(g; 

ATTHIAS HOUX, familiarly known as 
"Uncle Mat," is doubtless one of the best 
known pioneers of Johnson County, his 
home being in town.ship 46, range 27. Though 
in his eighty-second year, he is still hale and 
hearty, and enjoys a fox chase as much as in his 
younger days, and can yet ride his horse over a 
six-rail fence. He has always been an enthusi- 
astic hunter, and keeps a pack of blooded hounds. 
Born February 26, 1814, our subject is one of 
eleven children, whose parents were Jacob and 



Dorothy (Simons) Houx, and is the only sur- 
vivor of the family. His father was born in Mary- 
land, March 20, 1782, and was brought up as a 
farmer. Early in life he moved to Kentucky and 
successfully conducted a farm in Logan County 
until 18 16, when he moved to Cooper County, 
Mo. He was one of the earliest settlers there, as 
only two or three houses had then been put up 
in Boonville. Buying land, he there passed the 
remainder of his busy and useful life, dying in 
October, 1853. A man of sterling quahties, his 
death was regretted by all who knew him. 

The education of Matthias Houx was of a most 
limited kind, as during his boyhood the schools 
in the West were poorly conducted. In 1853 he 
left home to make his own livelihood, and the 
first money which he earned was |io for a 
month's work at chopping and hewing some 
heavy timber. At the end of two years of hard 
labor — splitting rails at fifty cents a hundred, and 
surveying at $15 a month— he had saved enough 
to enter eighty acres of land, a portion of his pres- 
ent farm. Here he settled down and industri- 
ously began clearing and cultivating the place. 
As the years rolled by prosperity attended his ef- 
forts, he made numerous investments, and now 
owns seven hundred and eighty acres in the 
garden spot of Missouri. At all times he has 
kept clear of debt, and attributes a large share of 
his success to this fact. In 1849, during the gold 
fever, he emigrated to California and for two 
years sought the precious metal. During that 
period he had many exciting experiences, and 
still keeps in perfect condition the old flint-lock 
rifle which served him well in many encounters 
with grizzly bears. Once while riding through 
the forest he passed a wounded bear without 
knowledge of its proximity. The infuriated beast, 
with one stroke of its powerful paw, tore away the 
entire haunch of his saddle horse, throwing the 
rider into the bushes, some distance away, and 
he was glad to make his escape on his hands and 
knees through the underbrush. At the end of 
two years Mr. Houx returned home with some 
stock and about $2,000 in money. 

February 17, 1853, the marriage of our subject 
and Elizabeth Bradley was celebrated. Her par- 

ents, Orlando and Susan D. Bradley, were natives 
of Virginia, and their family numbered eleven 
children, of whom five still survive. Mr. Brad- 
ley organized and commanded a company during 
the Mormon troubles, and was always afterward 
known as "Captain" Bradley. Mr. Houx also 
participated in the Mormon War, and was present 
when Joe Smith, founder of the sect, was capt- 

Six children came to bless the home of Mr. 
and Mrs. Houx. One is deceased, and the others 
are Mrs. Susan Anderson; Mary, Mrs. Eva Cook; 
Margaret and Mrs. Catherine King. Mr. Houx 
has three grandchildren, the children of Mrs. Eva 
Cook. He is a member of the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church and gives liberally to benevolent 
and religious enterprises. His right of franchise 
is used in favor of the Democratic party. 

0TTO HILKE is the owner of two hundred 
and twenty acres of very fine farm land in 
township 46, range 27, Johnson County, and 
has here made his home for the past fourteen 
years. The homestead is well improved, and on 
it stand a good orchard, fences and buildings. 
A reservoir on the place holds five thousand bar- 
rels of water, clear as crystal, and this Mr. Hilke 
intends to stock with fish. He has also been in- 
terested in many enterprises, and nearly every- 
thing which he has undertaken has turned out 

The parents of our subject were Henry and 
Annie (Fraise) Hilke, both natives of Prussia, 
the former of whom died during the early '60s, 
aged about fifty-five years, and the latter about 
four years ago, when past threescore and ten years. 
They were Catholics in religious faith, and lived 
a quiet agricultural life. They were the parents 
of eleven children, six of whom are yet living. 
George is a grocer in St. Louis, Mo. ; Gerhardt, 
a blacksmith by trade, is engaged in the dairy 
business in St. Louis; Christian, also of St. Louis, 



is engaged in the wholesale feed business; Annie 
is the wife of John Sack, who has lived in this 
county since before the war; Arnold is still living 
in Germany; and our subject completes the num- 
ber of those living. 

The birth of Otto Hilke occurred in Prussia, 
September 29, 1844. In company with his broth- 
er George, he sailed for the United States in 1859, 
and from New York City at once proceeded west- 
ward as far as St. Louis. He had a Httle money, 
but it became necessary for him to find emploj'- 
ment at once. Going to West Point, Iowa, he 
worked for an uncle on a farm for some five years, 
receiving his board and clothes the first j^ear; the 
second year he received $50 additional, and later 
had his salary gradually advanced. He was 
economical and saved most of his earnings. At 
length, returning to St. Louis, he learned the 
baker's trade, but as it was not to his liking, he 
drove a team for two years. Next, going to St. 
Charles County, he chopped wood during one 
winter, after which he was employed by a ped- 
dler for two 3'ears. Going back to St. Louis, he 
and his brother Edward were in the grocery bus- 
iness for five years, the latter then buying out the 
other's interest. For the following six years 
Otto and Christian Hilke were in business togeth- 
er, commanding an extensive trade in groceries, 
hay and general produce, but later their brother 
George succeeded to the business. 

In 1 88 1 Mr. Hilke embarked in farming in this 
county and has since persevered in this direction 
with marked success. Besides raising general 
crops of grain, hay, etc., he has realized large 
sums of money from raising and feeding stock for 
the markets. He has surrounded his familj' with 
many of the comforts and luxuries of life, and is 
now well-to-do. 

In February, 1889, Mr. Hilke married Minnie 
(Roth) Linderaan, who was born in Germany, 
and who was brought to the United States by her 
father, Lucas Roth, in her childhood. He is now 
living in Franklin County, Mo., near Frisco Sta- 
tion. Mrs. Hilke was at the time of her marriage 
with our subject the widow of Herman Lindeman. 

When Otto Hilke arrived in the United States 
he had no knowledge of English, and has been 

self-taught, both in reading and writing, in this 
language. The only oflBce which he has ever 
held has been that of Clerk of the School Board. 
Politically he is an advocate of the principles set 
forth by the Democracy. He is a Catholic, and 
collected the money for the building of St. John's 
Church after Sanford Rankin had donated the 

. • 0^ P • 

I EE WYRE, one of the enterprising farmers 
I C of Johnson County, has been a resident of 
l_2f township 47, range 25, since 1893. His es- 
tate, though not as large as many in this section, 
is well cultivated, and from it the proprietor reaps 
a good income. Mr. Wyre was born in David- 
son County, N. C, April 6, 1867, and is the son 
oi David and Rachel (Collett) Wyre, both ol 
whom were also natives of that state and farmers 
by occupation. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
born in North Carolina, where they spent their 
entire lives. David Wyre remained at home un- 
til after his marriage, when he set about to earn 
his own living. He continued to make his home 
in his native state for the succeeding fifteen years, 
and during that entire time was engaged in farm- 
ing, with the exception of a few years during the 
Civil War, when he was in the employ of the 
Government as a coal-burner in North Carolina. 

In 1870 the parents of our subject took up the 
line of march to this state, locating at once in La- 
fayette County, where the father had an uncle 
living. He rented a tract of land for a time and 
then erected a house on the estate of his uncle, 
where he is still living. This farm comprises fif- 
teen acres, and in addition to this he is the pos- 
sessor of forty acres a little to the southeast of 
this place. 

To David and Rachel Wyre was born a family of 
eight children. Belle married William Helt, and 
is living on a farm near the home of her fa- 
ther; Luan iaecame the wife of William B. Tag- 
gart, and with her husband is also the occupant 



of a farm near the home place; the third-born 
died vinnamed; Lee, of this sketch, was the fourth 
of the household; Jacob is living at home; Noville 
became the wife of Bruce Bell, and they reside 
on a farm three miles east of Windsor; George 
and Eliza are still under the parental roof. 

Upon attaining his majority our subject began 
for himself by renting a tract of seventy acres, 
located about one mile north of his father's place. 
This he operated for one year, then engaged to 
work the Greer Farm. For four years he was a 
resident of that place, and while living there was 
married, February 22, 1891, to Miss Ella C, 
daughter of R. H. and Rebecca (Craft) Whitsett. 

December 14, 1893, Mr. Wyre moved to his 
present farm of eighty acres, thirty acres of which 
were under improvement when he took possession 
of the place. He has cleared some of the timber 
from the estate, has succeeded in placing the 
soil under a high state of cultivation, and has 
erected thereon a number of substantial and con- 
veniently arranged buildings. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Wyre there have been born 
two children: Clovis, whose birth occurred Sep- 
tember 6, 1892; and Mabel, born August 6, 1894. 
In politics Mr. Wyre has always voted the Re- 
publican ticket, and, although having no desire 
for office-holding, is much interested in the suc- 
cess of his particular party. Both of the parents 
are highly respected in the community, and in re- 
ligious affairs Mr. Wyre belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South, while his wife is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church. 


^OHN B. KING is one of the native sons of 
I Johnson County, his birth having occurred 
Q) February i, 1844, on his father's homestead 
in Center View Township. Since the close of 
the war he has made his dwelling-place on the 
farm which he then purchased, and which is situ- 
ated in Madison Township. To his first eighty 
acres he has since added two hundred and forty 
acres, thus making a valuable and good sized 

farm. He has put most of the improvements upon 
the place himself, and though he has raised stock 
to some extent has made a specialty of growing 
grain. All of his possessions he has acquired 
since the war, as when he came out of the army 
he was penniless. 

The father of our subject, Ambrose Lewis 
King, who was a well known citizen of this coun- 
t}', was born in Jefferson County, Tenn., Aprils, 
1 81 5, and departed this life at his old home, Oc- 
tober 21,1888. Prior to coming West , he operated 
a farm in eastern Tennessee, and while there held 
several official positions. In 1839 he started with 
his family in a wagon to take up his residence in 
this county, settling on the farm in Center View 
Township on which he pas.sed his last years. His 
wife, who was a Miss Hannah McGee, was born 
in Jefferson County, Tenn., February 11, 18 19, 
and died September 6, 1846, leaving three chil- 
dren: William C, who operates a farm in Center 
View Township; John B., of this sketch; and 
Nancy J., wife of R. B. Graham, who is men- 
tioned on another page in this Record. The 
second wife of Ambrose L. King bore the maiden 
name of Marilla Oliphant. She was born in Greene 
County, Tenn., July 19, 1826, and is still living 
on the old place. Of her three children, two died 
in childhood, and Susan is the wife of W. S. 
Fisher. Mrs. Marilla King is a member of the 
Baptist Church, while Mr. King and his first wife 
belonged to the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 
Politically he was first a Whig and later a Demo- 
crat. After coming to this county he served as 
Constable, and was Coroner of Post Oak Town- 
ship for a time. 

Resuming the life narrative of John B. King, 
we find that February 27, 1862, he became a 
member of Company A, Seventh Missouri State 
Militia, under Tom Houts, and served in the same 
company until the close of the war, being dis- 
charged in St. Louis in March, 1865. He was in 
engagements at Jefferson City, Big and Little 
Blue, Dry Fork and many others. On one occa- 
sion he was taken prisoner and for a few days held 
captive at Lexington. Before his enlistment in 
the regular service he belonged to the Home 
Guards, but this did not satisfy his patriotic ideas. 



On his return home he rented a farm for a year, 
or until he could get a fair start, but since that 
time has owned his own homestead. 

May 10, 1865, Mr. King was married to Miss 
Mary Howard, who was born in Benton County, 
Mo., May 10, 1849. She died May i, 1867, 
leaving one child, Mary E., who is now the wife 
of T. C. Pinkerton, a well known agriculturist of 
Johnson County, Kan. September 23, 1869, Mr. 
King was united in marriage with Elizabeth A., 
daughter of H. C. Key. She was born December 
27, 1848, and became the mother of five children, 
namely: Charles C, Myrtle M., Delia A., Eva 
E. and Alpheus B. The last-named was the eld- 
est of the family, and died in early childhood, 
September II, 1870. Mrs. EHzabeth King was 
called to the better land October 7, 1882. The 
present wife of our subject was formerly Melissa 
Horn, and their union was celebrated December 
20, 1883. She was born in Greene County, Mo., 
and is a daughter of Joshua Horn. By this mar- 
riage our subject has one son, Seth M. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Peter and Susan King, the former of whom died 
in eastern Tennessee. The latter came with her 
sons to Missouri and lived to an extreme old age, 
her death occurring during the war. Eike his 
father before him, John B. King uses his ballot in 
favor of the Democratic party. He and his wife 
are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church at Holden, and for about fifteen years 
Mr. King has served as an Elder in the congrega- 
tion, besides being very prominent in Sunday- 
school work. 

r^ AVID RICHARDS is a new comer in John- 
\^\ son County, as it was in 1894 that he be- 
\q) came the owner of a quarter-section of land 
on section 27, township 45, range 28. He is a 
practical and thoroughly enterprising agricultur- 

ist, being one of the kind who bring prosperity 
to any community, for he takes a commendable 
interest in the welfare of his home neighborhood, 
and always does his share in the promotion of 
general enterprises accruing to the public good. 
He has already inaugurated a number of im- 
provements on his farm, and expects to continue 
in this direction. Before coming here, and while 
a resident of Seward County, Neb., he was Pres- 
ident of the County Agricultural Society for two 
years, and was a member of the Board of Direc- 
tors for three years. 

Abraham Richards, father of the above gentle- 
man, was a native of France, His birth occurred 
in 1808, and he crossed the ocean to the United 
States when twenty years of age. His wife, 
whose girlhood name was Anna Gerber, was a 
native of Stark County, Ohio, and there she was 
married. Mr. Richard was a farmer by occupa- 
tion, and the owner of one hundred and sixty 
acres six miles .south of Canton. He was a poor 
boy when he landed on these shores, and at first 
worked on a canal at Canton, and afterward was 
employed on a farm by the month. He was mar- 
ried January 6, 1834, and found in his wife a 
true helpmate. They had five children, of whom 
David is the third. John, the eldest, lives on the 
old farm; Christian G. resides at Rosemond, 111.; 
Joseph is an engineer in the Diebold Safe Works 
at Canton; and Lydia is the wife of Samuel 
Groves, of Stark County, Ohio. Politically Mr. 
Richards was a Democrat, but not radical in his 
views. His death occurred February 19, 1875. 

Born in Stark County, April 21, 1841, our sub- 
ject was reared near the home of William Mc- 
Kinley, with whom he was well acquainted in his 
youth. He was early set to work, and although 
he had meager opportunities for obtaining an edu- 
cation, is now a well informed man, having added 
to his store of knowledge by reading, study and 
contact with the world. When he was about 
twenty years of age he gave evidence of his good 
business ability, buying a threshing-machine, in 
partnership with an acquaintance, for which he 
was obliged to go into debt. He paid for it the 
first season, and subsequently made considerable 
money from the venture. After his marriage he 



rented land for a year and then purchased seventy 
acres in Stark County of his father. For this 
place he was obhged to go in debt also, but before 
many years had passed had paid for the land, 
built a fine barn, repaired the house and bought 
fifty acres more. There he continued to dwell 
until 1887, when, selling out, he moved to Mil- 
ford, Neb., and bought a quarter-section of land. 
During his residence of seven years on that place 
he erected a number of windmills to furnish 
water, and after instituting various other changes 
he sold the farm, in 1894, at $50 an acre. Since 
then he has been a resident of this locality, where 
he soon removed with the intention of making a 
permanent residence. 

December 14, 1862, Mr. Richards married Ca- 
tie Whitmer, of Stark County, Ohio, where her 
birth occurred October 18, 1842. Her parents, 
Jacob and Lydia (Shroyer) Whitmer, were na- 
tives of Stark County, Ohio, and of Pennsylvania, 
respectively. Three children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Richards, namely: Charles B., Oc- 
tober 7", 1863; Riley D., August 10, 1871; and 
Frank B., March 27, 1873. They are all natives 
of Stark County, and have been well educated. 
The eldest son is at home and assists in the man- 
agement of the home farm. The second son at- 
tended the high school at Milford, Neb., three 
years, later was employed in a drug-store at Min- 
den, Neb., ior two years, and is now studying 
pharmacy. Frank B., a student in the Eclectic 
Medical Institute at Lincoln, Neb., was married 
December 25, 1893. 

Mr. Richards cast his first Presidential vote for 
MacClellan, and is a stalwart Democrat. He 
served for four years as Township Trustee, in 
Ohio, and was a member of the School Board for 
nine years. In July, 1894, he joined the Knights 
of the Maccabees, and expects to identify himself 
with Holden Lodge. While living in Ohio, he 
bought and fed horses for the New York markets, 
shipping them from his own farm, and in this 
way he made quite an income. On removing to 
Nebraska, it was his expectation to go extensive- 
ly into the same business, but he changed his plans 
on account of the depreciation in the horse mar- 
kets of the West. 

EHARLES HAGEMEYER, of Holden, is a 
native of Germany, but has passed nearly 
his entire life in the United States. He is a 
gardener and florist, and also takes great interest 
in breeding and handling fine Plymouth Rock 
and light Bramah poultry. His present home 
was a cornfield when he purchased it, but he at 
once prepared it for gardening purposes, and has 
made substantial improvements. He has a green- 
house, 65x20 feet in dimensions, full of choice 
plants, and a large poultry house, 10x72 feet. 
He bought the place, a tract often acres, in 1880, 
since which time it has greatly increased in value. 
Born February 12, 1852, our subject is a son 
of Gotlieb and Elizabeth (Eikhoff) Hagemeyer, 
who were married in Germany. The couple emi- 
grated to America, settling in St. Louis, where 
their first-born child died. Not being satisfied 
with the country, they traveled about to find a 
suitable habitation, and went as far West as the 
Rocky Mountains. Returning to St. Louis, as 
their funds were exhausted, they were both 
obliged to hire out, one working at one place and 
the other elsewhere. As the people for whom 
Mrs. Hagemeyer was working intended to take a 
European trip, they asked her to go with them, 
and she agreed to do so provided they would em- . 
ploy her husband and allow him to go also. 
They agreed to this, and the party went to New 
York City. Mr. Hagemeyer left the ship a short 
time before it sailed in order to make some pur- 
chases, and the vessel sailed in his absence. The 
party waited for him in Bremen for six weeks, 
and at length he reached them. They remained 
in Germany for two years, a portion of which 
time Mr. Hagemeyer worked as a gardener. Con- 
cluding to return to the United States, he left his 
wife in Europe while he prepared a home for her. 
He went to St. Louis, and in 1850 was offered 
the ground on which the Southern Hotel now 
stands for two months' wages, but refused. For 
three years he worked steadily at his trade and 
did fairly well, and in the mean time his wife had 
been engaged in weaving, and had also earned 
considerable money. He went back to Germany 
for his wife, but they changed their plans and in- 
stead bought a home near Herford. In 1867 they 



sailed for America b)^ way of New Orleans, and 
while on the Mississippi, just below Cairo, the 
mother died of paralysis, and was buried in St. 
Louis. The father brought about $6,000 with 
him, but was cheated out of it ere long. 

Charles Hagemeyer passed fourteen years of his 
boyhood in his native land, and then accompan- 
ied his parents to St. Louis. He hired out at $5 
per month soon after locating there, staying with 
his employer about six months, but was then 
unable to collect his wages. In 1868 he began 
working for a gardener, and at that time learned 
the business. During the three years which fol- 
lowed he gave his father all of his earnings. 
When in his eighteenth year he obtained a clerk- 
ship in a grocery, and worked for a cousin for a 
year, eventually being cheated out of his wages 
for the entire time. 

June 9, 1873, our subject married Lizzie Tech- 
enbrok, who was born in Germany, June 7, 1855. 
When she was four years old she came with her 
parents to the United States, and was but eight 
years old when her father's death occurred. Two 
years later her mother died of cholera, and from 
that time she earned her own living and helped 
take care of a sister. Thus her chances for an 
education were exceedingly meager. On the 
contrary, her husband had received good advan- 
tages in German, but did not learn to read Eng- 
lish until after his marriage. They had ten chil- 
dren, namely: Hermina, Lillie, Clara, Edward, 
Carl, John, Frankie, Elmer, Nettie and Fred. 
Frankie and Nettie died at the ages of two and 
four years, respectively. The eldest daughter 
was born in St. Louis, but the others are all na- 
tives of Holden. 

For a year or more after his marriage, Mr. 
Hagemeyer continued to clerk in St. Louis, and 
then for ten years was similarly employed in Hol- 
den, during most of the time working for Bluhm 
& Boxmeyer. He carefully saved his earnings, 
which he invested in a lot, afterward building an 
unpretentious house thereon, and in 1883 he sold 
the place and invested in his present homestead. 
Mr. Hagemeyer cast his first ballot for Horace 
Greeley in 1872, but afterward became convinced 
that the principles of the Republican party were 

better suited to advance the interests of the peo- 
ple, and now votes that ticket. He and his wife 
and all their children belong to the Evangelical 
Association. During the nine and a-half weeks 
which he spent while crossing the ocean, the ves- 
sel encountered a severe storm, which lasted for 
three days. The Captain told his passengers that 
they must prepare to die, as he had but little hope 
of saving the ship, and during the latter part of 
the journey they were placed on a very small al- 
lowance of food and water, for the stores were 
nearly exhausted. 


r^ one of the enterprising young business men 
I of Holden, is a manufacturer and repairer 
of musical instruments. He was born in Prussia, 
Germany, September 28, 1862, but since he was 
four years of age has made his home in America. 
He is a good Republican, and cast his first Presi- 
dential ballot for James G. Blaine. 

Our subject's father, Gotlieb Hagemeyer, and 
wife, Elizabeth, were natives of Germany, and 
their history is given at length in the sketch of 
our subject's brother Charles, which precedes 
this. Young Frederick grew to manhood in St. 
Louis, where he attended the parochial schools 
until he was about fourteen years of age. He 
then clerked in a grocery, his father collecting 
his wages for three years. When he was nine- 
teen Frederick came to Holden, and for a time 
clerked in a grocery. He had always been very 
desirous of becoming a mechanic, but was dis- 
couraged in this by his father. In spite of the 
opposition, the youth devoted what time he could 
to the business, and as he had a great love for 
music (often traveling for miles to hear a band 
when a boy) , he at length combined these two 
branches of genius in his present vocation. While 
he was still a clerk he engaged in the construction 
of a pipe organ, which he finished in 1894, ^"^ 
placed in the Evangelical Church of Holden. It 



is estimated to be worth $2,500, and is certainly 
remarkable from the fact that Mr. Hagemeyer 
picked up the business by himself, and has in- 
vented new devices of his own. He is a natural 
electrician, and does all of his own silver electro- 

July 16, 1884, Mr. Hagemeyer married Anna 
Strubbe, of Holden, who was born in St. Louis. 
They have three children, all natives of this place, 
namely: Mabel, born July 14, 1885; Minnie, Feb- 
ruary 28, 1887; and Olinda, June 16, 1889. Mr. 
Hagemeyer is a member of the Odd Fellows' so- 
ciety, and religiously is a member of the Evan- 
gelical Church, to which his wife also belongs. 

[~ DGAR P. FORD is First Deputy Clerk in 
1^ the County Clerk's office, and was formerly 
L^ Deputy Internal Revenue Collector of the 
Sixth District. He received his appointment to 
his present position in January, 1895, and in the 
intervals of his regular duties is pursuing law 
studies, which he took up first two or three years 
ago, and for nine months was in the office of 
Messrs. Sangree & Lamm. Numbered among 
the active young Republicans of this section, he 
was at one time Chairman of Cedar Township 
Central Committee, and is now Treasurer of the 
County Central Committee. While he was a 
student in Drury College at Springfield, Mo., he 
was Second Sergeant of a militia company, and 
at present is a member of Company D, Second 
Alissouri National Guards. 

Mr. Ford is a native of Woodsfield, Monroe 
County, Ohio, born October 12, 1870. His fa- 
ther, William R. , was born in Rumley, Harrison 
County, Ohio, July 2, 1833, and his grandfather, 
Henry Ford, was also a native of the Buckeye 
State. The latter was a merchant, farmer and 
miller in Monroe County, whither he moved about 
1839, and was a hero of the Mexican War. Will- 
iam R. Ford was reared in Monroe County, and 
though he studied medicine, did not practice. 

preferring to engage in merchandising. In April, 
1861 , he raised a company, of which he was made 
Lieutenant, and six months later was promoted 
to be Captain of Company E, Thirty-sixth Ohio 
Infantry, the regiment which was formerly com- 
manded by Colonel Crook. Captain Ford served 
for three years, during which time he was under 
General Hayes, General Crook and Colonel De- 
vol. At Winchester he was shot through the 
temples and was left for dead on the field, being 
reported as such. This was not the case, how- 
ever, and he was taken captive by the Confeder- 
ates, lying for six weeks in Libby Prison before 
being exchanged. Thus incapacitated for serv- 
ice, he was obliged to resign in 1864. In 1866 
he moved to Pettis County, Mo., but for a few 
years traveled back and forth between his new 
home and his former one, while engaged in the 
sheep business. At first he lived on a farm south 
of Sedalia, and later on one north of the city, and 
subsequently moved to a farm near Georgetown. 
In July, 1889, he was appointed Deputy Revenue 
Collector by Gen. H. F. Devol, of Kansas City, 
his old army colonel. His health failed in a short 
time thereafter, and his son, Edgar P., took 
charge of the office. The father died August 31, 
1893, aged about sixty years. 

April 26, 1866, William R. Ford was married, 
in Woodsfield, Ohio, to Ann E. Hunter, who was 
born in that village, January 18, 1837. Her father, 
Hon. William F. Hunter, who was born in Vir- 
ginia, was an attorney-at-law in Woodsfield, and 
for two terms was a Member of Congress. He 
was called to his final rest in 1873, leaving a wife 
and three children. The former, who is now liv- 
ing in Georgetown, and whose birth occurred in 
Pittsburg, Pa., was Miss Mary Kincaid before her 
marriage. Her only brother, William F., Jr., is 
President of the Ohio State Law School at Col- 
umbus. Mrs. Ford is a devoted member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, with which she has 
been identified for many years. Her three chil- 
dren are Edgar P., Frank F. and Mary R. One 
child died at the age of seven years. 

Edgar P. Ford was reared to manhood in this 
county, and until fourteen years of age attended 
the district schools. Then, entering the Sedalia 



High School, he graduated from there in 1890, 
and entered Drury College at Springfield, Mo., 
but in the sophomore year was obliged to return 
home to take charge of his father's office, on ac- 
count of his failing health. The father having 
resigned in October, 1892, our subject was ap- 
pointed Deputy Revenue Collector of the Sixth 
District, on the 17th of the same month, by Col- 
onel Devol. He had full charge of fourteen coun- 
ties in the center of the state, namely. Cole, Mill- 
er, Johnson, Camden, Cooper, Hickory, Benton, 
Henry, St. Clair, Bates, Cass, Pettis, Morgan 
and Monteau, and held the office satisfactorily 
until Decembers, 1893, when there was a change 
made in the office force on account of political 
influence. During the next year our subject 
turned his attention to law studies, and taught 
one term of school near this city. Fraternally 
he is a member of the Royal Tribe of Joseph, and 
religiously is a member of the First Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

CVSAAC BOWMAN was born in Stark County, 
I Ohio, April 23, 1838, to Henry and Nancy 
X (Leiter) Bowman. The former was born in 
Pennsylvania, May 21, 1807, while Mrs. Bowman 
was a native of the Buckeye State. The fa- 
ther was a farmer by occupation, and a shoemak- 
er by trade, following these combined vocations 
most of his life. He died in Stark County, Ohio, 
at the age of eighty-six years, and his wife passed 
away January 20, 1847, when in her thirty-sec- 
ond year. They were the parents of three daugh- 
ters and five sons: Sarah Ann, William, Jacob, 
Isaac, Harriet, Israel, Emeline and Samuel. 
Samuel and William are now living in California; 
two of the daughters make their home in Indiana, 
and the remainder of the family are residents of 
Stark County, with the exception of Sarah Ann, 
who is deceased, 

Our subject lived with his parents until his 
marriage, November 19, 1867, when he wasvxnit- 

ed with Miss Kate Burnheimer, who was born in 
Stark County, September 14, 1843. She was 
the daughter of John and Catherine (Flora) Burn- 
heimer, natives of the Keystone State, whence 
they removed to Ohio when young with their re- 
spective parents. They were there reared to ma- 
ture years and married, soon after which event 
they located on a farm and followed the vocation 
of agriculturists nearly all their life. Mr. Burn- 
heimer was a shoemaker and was often compelled 
to work at his trade in order to accommodate the 
early settlers. He was in good circumstances, 
and took a prominent part in public affiiirs, as- 
sisting by every means in his power to promote 
its welfare. He died there September 3, 1869, 
and his wife passed away May 30, 1882. To 
them was born a large family of children, eleven 
in number, of whom only five are now living. 
Harriet, who married John Parker, has lived in 
Canton, Ohio, since the decease of her husband; 
Magdalene, now Mrs. Jacob Brothers, is a resi- 
dent of Stark County, Ohio; Rebecca married 
James Knox, and they make their home in Tus- 
carawas County, that state; Mary became Mrs. 
Milton Farber, and is also living on a good estate 
in the above county; Kate was the next in order 
of birth. The deceased members of the family 
were George, Isaiah, Malinda, Belinda, Eliza- 
beth, and one who died unnamed. 

For the first five months after their marriage, 
our subject and his wife lived with her parents, 
and in the spring of 1868 they came to Warrens- 
burg, this county. Here Mr. Bowman began 
work at the carpenter's trade and lived here until 
1887, in which year he returned to his native 
county, where he is now living. His good wife re- 
mained a resident of Warrensburg for five years, 
and then, thinking that she would like farm life, 
purchased a farm of one hundred and twenty 
acres, lying in township 45, range 25. This she 
has placed under good tillage, making of it a neat 
and desirable home. In addition to raising a 
goodly amount of grain, she also has on her 
place several head of horses, cattle and swine, 
and from the sale of animals she greatly 
adds to her income. 

To our subject and his wife were born nine 



children, of whom Katie, who was born February 
1 6, 1886, died December 29 of that year. War- 
ren Hill was born November 30, 1868, and is the 
twin of Holden Dell; Henry Benton was born 
November 15, 1870; Irvine Hunter, February 16, 
1873; General Isaac, July 26, 1875; Bessie, Sep- 
tember 4, 1878; Stella, Decembers, 1880; Ruth, 
April 23, 1884. 

In politics Mr. Bowman is a Republican. He 
is a Mason in good standing and while in War- 
rensburg belonged to the lodge of that place. 
Both himself and wife are respected members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. During the 
late war, in 1862, our subject enlisted in the serv- 
ice of the Union army, joining the Fifth Indiana 
Cavalry at Huntington, while there studying law. 
Although in the service for four years, he was 
never injured, but was taken prisoner. He par- 
ticipated in many of the important battles of that 
period, and on being mustered out returned 
home. He is a gentleman highly regarded by 
all who know him and has been fairly successful 
in life. 


^T" HOM AS WALLACE. This prominent res- 
/ C ident of Post Oak Township, Johnson 
\9 County, is a native of Tennessee, having 
been born in Anderson County, January 7, 1816. 
His parents were Joseph and Millie (Landrum) 
Wallace, the former born in Virginia, and the 
latter in South Carolina. They were both taken 
by their respective parents to Tennessee when 
about six years of age. 

The maternal grandparents of our subject, 
Thomas and Aired Landrum, were also natives 
of South Carolina, and after emigrating to Ten- 
nessee passed their remaining years in that state. 
The paternal grandparents, John and Jennie 
(Miller) Wallace, were natives of the Old Do- 
minion, and after taking up their residence in 
Tennessee engaged in farming. The grand- 
mother was accidentally killed by falling off a 
horse. John Wallace then removed to Indiana, 

locating in Putnam County, and several years 
thereafter became a citizen of Hendricks County, 
that state, where his death occurred. He reared 
a family of eleven children, namely: John, Sam- 
uel, David, Enoch, Nancy, Jennie, Joseph, James, 
Bryce, Peggy and Betsy. 

The father of our subject remained at home 
until his marriage with Miss Landrum, when he 
purchased a farm in- Anderson County, Tenn., 
and made that section his home for several years, 
when he removed to Indiana. After several 
years' residence in the Hoosier State he returned 
to Anderson County, making several changes 
back and forth until his decease, which occurred 
in Tennessee. His first wife had died several 
years previously, and for his second wife he mar- 
ried Eliza Kirkpatrick, who also departed this life 
in Anderson County. 

In 1839 Joseph Wallace made a trip to Mis- 
souri, in company with our subject. They jour- 
neyed as far as Crawford County, but as the 
former was not favorably impressed, they re- 
traced their steps to Tennessee, purchasing the 
old farm again. To Joseph and Millie Wallace 
there were born nine children, of whom Thomas 
was the eldest. Jennie died in infancy; John is 
now living in Nodaway County, this state; 
Joseph Miller died in the above county; Armstead 
departed this life while a resident of Tennessee; 
Fannie also died there; David, when last heard 
from, was a resident of that state; James is living 
on a farm near the old home place; and Aaron 
makes his home in Nodaway County. 

Our subject left home at the time of his mar- 
riage, which occurred in 1837. The lady on this 
occasion was Miss Hannah Hibbs, a native of 
Tennessee, who was born in Anderson County, 
January 17, 1818. She was the daughter of 
William and Betsey (Weaver) Hibbs, both of 
whom were born and spent their entire lives in 

After his marriage Thomas, of this sketch, 
erected a small log cabin on a portion of his fa- 
ther's farm, but only made his home there one 
winter, when he purchased a small tract near the 
home place, for which he paid $250. He farmed 
it until th^ following fall, when he sold and 



moved three miles distant, renting a tract of land 
until the spring of 1839, when, with his wife and 
one child, he came to Missouri, acconipatiied by 
his father. Their stay in the state was very 
short, as on the same daj- as they arrived they 
turned their faces homeward. Upon again tak- 
ing up his abode in Tennessee, Thomas Wallace 
built a house on a portion of his father-in-lav/'s 
farm, and resided there for four years, when 
he took charge of his father's estate. A year 
later, however, he became the owner of a tract 
of land, but never occupied it, as about the 
same time he bought land on which he made 
his residence for five years. At the end of that 
time he sold his possessions in Tennessee and 
determined to try his fortunes in Missouri. He 
accordingly came hither and located in Nodaway 
County, but remained there only a few months, 
when he returned to Anderson County, Tenn., on 
account of poor health. In 1855 he made a trip 
to Texas, but returned shortly afterward, making 
his home in Tennessee fer a number of years. By 
that time he had saved quite a sum of money, 
which it was his determination to invest in Mis- 
souri lands. In 1861 he came hither with a cap- 
ital of over $5,000, again locating in Nodaway 
County, where he stayed until the following fall, 
when he came to Johnson County. He first 
rented a farm on the Clinton Road for three 
years, and while there selected one hundred acres 
of his present homestead. He has added to this 
purchase from time to time, until it now includes 
two hundred and twenty acres, all of which, with 
the exception of twenty acres, is under a high 
state of improvement. Mrs. Wallace died in this 
township September 16, 1875. 

December 22, 1878, our subject chose for his 
second companion Miss Louisa Wyatt, a native of 
North Carolina, who came to this section with 
her parents after the close of the war. By his 
first marriage Mr. Wallace became the father of 
twelve children, namely: Elizabeth, born July 5, 
1838; Amelia, December 25, 1840; William, Sep- 
tember 24, 1842; Nancy, born December 9, 1844, 
and now deceased; Joseph, born September 20, 
1846; Tabitha, who was born September 28, 1848, 
and died when fifteen years of age; Hannah, born 

September 16, 1850; Fannie, February 24, 1852; 
Benjamin, January 17, 1855; Louisa J., June 17, 
1857; Thomas, July 24, 1859; and Stotha A., 
January 13, 1864. 

Mr. Wallace has never been an ofiice-seeker, 
nor has he ever held any public position, with the 
exception of School Director. Although in early 
life he voted the Whig ticket, he is now a stanch 
Democrat. Mrs. Wallace is a member of the 
Dunkard Church and a most worthy and estima- 
ble lady. 


(7 AMES RIDDLE, an honored veteran of 
I the late war, is the proprietor of a desir- 
Q) able farm, situated on section 20, township 
44, range 28, Johnson County. He is a true pa- 
triot and a good citizen, taking commendable in- 
terest in everything which pertains to the welfare 
of the public in general, and to that of his home 
neighborhood in particular. He is a true-blue 
Republican, and voted for Lincoln in 1864, on at- 
taining his majority. 

The parents of the above-named gentleman 
were Archibald and Anna (Carpenter) Riddle. 
The grandfather of the former emigrated from the 
northern part of Ireland and settled in Pennsyl- 
vania. One of his three sons went to Kentucky, 
another to Canada, and a third, James, for whom 
our subject was named, remained in the Keystone 
State until his son Archibald was sixteen years 
of age. He then removed to Richland County, 
Ohio, where he passed his last years. Soon after 
the marriage of Archibald and Anna Riddle, the 
young couple moved to Marion County, Ohio, 
making the journe}' with an ox-team and sled. 
They built a log cabin, without windows and with 
skins for doors, and this old structure is still in ex- 
istence. They became the parents of seven chil- 
dren, five of whom grew to mature years, but 
only three are now living. The father entered 
one hundred acres of land from the Government, 
and though he was a man of simple tastes, and 



was content with the old cabin for many years, 
he ultimately built a good house and barns, and 
gave to each of his children good advantages. 
He also offered each of them the wherewithal 
for taking a college course, but for various reasons 
none of them ever graduated. Mattie A. attend- 
ed the Ohio Central College for a number of years, 
became an able teacher, and finally was made 
Principal of the public schools of Iberia, Ohio. 
Margaret, the eldest, is still unmarried, and a 
resident of the latter place. Caleb C. died in 
early manhood, and Mary J. and Rebecca at the 
ages of nine and seven, respectively. William, 
now a resident of Iberia, where he is engaged in 
the carpenter's trade, served for three years in 
the Twelfth Ohio Cavalry. His son Ernest is 
proprietor of a clothing store in Galion, Ohio. 

The birth of James Riddle occurred in Marion 
County, Ohio, December i, 1842, and his early 
years passed uneventfully on his father's new 
farm. On completing his common-school studies, 
he pursued a course ot training in the higher 
branches, and entered college, but about that time 
the Civil War began, and January 4, 1862, he 
enlisted in Company A, Twelfth Ohio Cavalry. 
He was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, 
his duties being to take part in raids, to cut rail- 
road, and the like. He was under Burbridge, 
Commander of the Department of Kentucky, and 
also served under General Stoneman, his duties 
calling him into Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia, 
North and South CaroHna, Georgia and Alabama. 
He never was wounded, captured or was absent 
from his post for any reason, and won the commen- 
dation of his superiors. At Mt. Sterling, Ky. , his 
battalion lost a Major and forty out of sixty men 
inside of twenty minutes. Thej' had expected to 
surprise the enemy, but the tables turned, for the 
Confederates were prepared for the attack. Mr. 
Riddle's battalion went on the search for Jeff 
Davis, and was only five miles away when he 
was captured. Soon afterward our subject was 
mustered out at Nashville, and was duly dis- 
charged at Columbus, Ohio. 

April 10, 1866, Mr. Riddle wedded Martha C. 
Creswell, of Morrow County, Ohio. She was 
born in Washington County, Pa., and was edu- 

cated there, in Pleasant Hill Seminary. Having 
a natural taste for art, she took lessons in paint- 
ing and music, becoming very proficient in both 
branches. She has various specimens of her hand- 
iwork as a painter, one of these being the picture 
of a bridge across the Catawba River, which was 
painted from minute descriptions given by Mr. 
Riddle. While he was in the army he helped to 
destroy this bridge, and so true to nature is its 
reproduction in colors, that a civil engineer who 
had seen it recognized it at once. Mrs. Riddle 
has a picture of her father's home and mill in 
Pennsylvania, with the surrounding scenery, re- 
markably true in every detail. She is the daugh- 
ter of James and Martha (Archer) Creswell, and 
was born Avigust 30, 1844. She was about eight- 
een years of age when she removed to Ohio with 
her parents. 

On his return from the army Mr. Riddle en- 
gaged in farming in Marion County on rented 
land about two years, after which he operated his 
father's homestead until 1881. In 1866 he pur- 
chased one hundred acres of land with money he 
had earned in the Union service, some $700. This 
land lay idle until 1878, when he gave a three- 
years lease on the place in consideration for having 
it well fenced. In 1881 he erected the house in 
which he is now living, and sent for his family. 
His four children were all born in Ohio, the eld- 
est in Morrow County, and the others in Marion 
County. Ivissa May, born July 10, 1868, re- 
ceived a good education and is now engaged in 
dress-making. Grace Darling, who was born 
April 6, 187 1, taught school for a time, and then 
attended the Warrensburg Normal. She was only 
sixteen years of age when she obtained a certifi- 
cate, and is considered a fine teacher. Both she 
and her youngest sister have manifested artistic 
talent, and are very fond of painting. Mattie 
Ethel, born December 21, 1872, attended the state 
normal and began teaching when in her eigh- 
teenth year. Ruth Anna, born August II, 1875, 
graduated from the common schools in 1893. Her 
examination papers were pronouced to be the best 
ever handed in to the school committee. The 
daughters have all received instruction in vocal 
and instrumental music. With their parents, 



they are members of the Presbyterian Church of 
Creighton, Cass County, Mo. Mr. Riddle's 
grandfather was a Democrat, but his father was 
a Whig, and voted for Harrison in 1840, and in 
1888 for his grandson, Benjamin F. At the time 
of the outbreak of the war, there was not a near 
or distant relative of the family who was not a 
stanch Republican. James Riddle is a member 
of the American Protective Association, and in 
Ohio served six years on the Board of Education. 
Since coming to Missouri he has been Clerk of 
the board for four years. 


HUBERT ELLIOTT. This well-to-do agri- 
culturist of Johnson County is the owner 
of a quarter-section of improved land in 
township 44, range 27. He was born in Adair 
County, Ky., Christmas Day, 1844, to William 
and Susan (Nelson) Elliott, also natives of that 
county, the father's birth occurring in 1814, and 
the mother's in 18 16. They were there married, 
about the year 1836, and there made their home 
until 1849, when, with a company of other Ken- 
tuckians, they drove to Moniteau County, this 

The father of our subject was in limited cir- 
cumstances when he first came to this state, but 
later he was enabled to purchase a small tract of 
land, and so successful was he in its cultivation, 
that at the present time he is the owner of one 
hundred and sixty broad acres. In the early 
days, before his land began to yield an income, in 
order to procure the necessaries of life, he worked 
at the trade of a carpenter and blacksmith. His 
family was large, comprising seven children born 
in Kentucky, and five after coming to Missouri. 
These he gave a fair education in the common 
schools, and the sons were trained to farm work. 
Mrs. Elliott departed this life about 1885, while 
the father is still living in Moniteau County, this 
state. He was a second time married. In po- 
litical matters he is a Democrat, and religiously 

is a devoted member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, in which he was Class-leader for many 

The subject of this sketch passed his boyhood 
days on his father's farm, and being in poor health 
he did not attend school very regularly. At the 
age of eighteen years he enlisted in Company E, 
Ninth Regiment Missouri Militia, and served 
during the Civil War in Moniteau County. On 
one occasion, when the company was ordered to 
go to Jefferson City, at the time of Price's raid, 
he was sick, and his father went in his place. 
Two years later he worked a farm for a neighbor 
on shares, continuing thus for three years, in this 
way getting a start in life for himself. In March, 
1867, he came to Chilhowee Township, this coun- 
ty, and August 6 of the following year was mar- 
ried to Nancy R. Hindman, who was born in 
Adair County, Ky., March 21, 1844. There she 
was reared to mature years, and acquired a fair 
education in the district schools of her neighbor- 
hood. In November, 1865, she came to Missouri 
and began teaching, following this vocation until 
the time of her marriage. She was the daughter 
of Samuel and Polly (Elliott) Hindman, the 
former of whom died in Kentuckj', while the lat- 
ter departed this life in Chilhowee Township, this 

A short time prior to his marriage, our subject 
had purchased a tract of eighty acres in Chilho- 
wee Township, on which he erected a comfortable 
little cabin, and began improving the place. This 
he made his home until 1880, when he sold it 
and invested his means in the one hundred and 
sixty acres which he now owns. He has made 
many valuable improvements on the same, among 
them being a more substantial and conveniently 
arranged house and the necessary outbuildings 
and machinery. 

Four children were granted to Mr. and Mrs. 
Elliott. Mary Susan, born May 8, 1869, was 
united in marriage with Lemuel T. Hughes, Jan- 
uary I, 1893, and makes her home in Chilhowee 
Township; she is well educated, and for some 
time was a student at Holden College. Robert H. 
was born June 8, 1872; Montrie H., September 
10, 1874; and Arthur William, June 25, 1876. 



Mr. Elliott is a Democrat, and cast his first Pres- 
idential vote for Horace Greeley. In religious 
affairs he is a member of the Cumberland Pres- 
b}' terian Church, to which denomination his wife 
and two daughters also belong. He is greatly in- 
terested in the cause of education, and for ten 
years has rendered efficient service on the School 

(Jacob Anderson ozias. Among the 

I rich agricultural districts of the state of Mis- 
(*) souri, Johnson County must ever take a 
prominent place with regard to the importance 
and value of its farm products. This is due, per- 
haps, not so much to its natural resources, as to 
the careful, painstaking efforts of its worthy citi- 
zens. One of those who have thus sought to ad- 
vance her interests is the subject of this sketch, 
who owns a farm in township 46, range 27, and 
who has been identified with this county since the 
year 1866. 

Mr. Ozias is a native of the Buckeye State, and 
was born in Preble County, December 27, 1830, 
being one of the eight children born to the union 
of Jacob and Sarah (Potterf } Ozias. Of this 
family, six still survive. Jacob Ozias was a na- 
tive of North Carolina, where his birth occurred 
in the year 1797. When a mere boy, however, 
he left his native state and emigrated with his 
parents to Ohio, settling in Preble County. There 
he grew to man's estate, receiving a common- 
school education and becoming expert in farm du- 
ties under the instruction of his father. 

Upon attaining his majorit}^ the father of our 
subject secured a farm near the parental home- 
stead, which he cultivated very profitably, event- 
ually becoming owner of the home farm. He was 
unusually successful as a farmer, and at the time 

of his death owned something over one thousand 
acres of land. Being a man of great integrity and 
moral worth, he was well known for his sterling 
qualities of honesty and industry. He passed to 
his final rest in the spring of 1866, sincerely 
mourned by his many friends. 

The mother of Jacob A. Ozias was born in 
Pennsylvania, April 12, 1799, but went to Ohio 
in her girlhood. There she grew to mature j'ears, 
and there also she met and married our subject's 
father. She could relate many interesting inci- 
dents of pioneer life and thrilling experiences of 
the early settlers. At one time, having occasion 
to make a trip of about fifteen miles, she saddled 
her horse, and with one of her children started on 
the trail which lead through a dense forest. 
During the ride she met a bear, but as he was 
disposing of a hog which he had killed, she passed 
by undisturbed. 

Peter Ozias, the grandfather of our subject, 
went to Ohio in the early pioneer da3'S and en- 
gaged in the work of opening up the country. At 
the time of his arrival it was necessary to cut 
roads through the primeval forests. The red- 
men were very numerous, but he secured their 
friendship by fair dealing and kindness, and con- 
sequently had nothing to fear from them. 

Jacob A. Ozias spent the days of his boyhood 
and youth on the home farm, receiving such 
school advantages as could be secured in the dis- 
trict schools of that day, and during his vacations 
applied himself industriously to work on the farm. 
Arriving at the age of twenty-one, he began to 
think of launching out in business for himself, 
and for about seven years rented land from his 
father and farmed with a will, his energetic ef- 
forts bringing him financial prosperity. 

October 8, 1857, occurred the marriage of our 
subject and Miss Lavinia Royer, a daughter of 
Jesse and Susan (Ebe) Royer. The father was 
born July 23, 1801, and his wife July 19, 1806, 
both being natives of Pennsylvania. The former 
died February 23, 1885, and the latter September 
4, 1878. They were married in 1828, and became 
the parents of ten children, nine of whom grew to 
maturity, and seven of them are now living. 
Coming to Missouri on their wedding tour, our 



subject and his wife were very much pleased with 
the land of this state, and Mr. Ozias purchased 
three hundred and seventy acres, on which his 
present residence is located, making his first pay- 
ment in a horse and buggy, which he had brought 
with him. They went from Cincinnati to St. 
lyOuis by boat and drove the rest of the way across 
the country. Returning to Ohio, he announced 
his intention of locating in the new state, but his 
father discouraged him in this, and as an induce- 
ment to remain in his native state divided up his 
land among the children. 

The subject of this sketch received his portion 
of the home farm and remained thereon until the 
fall of 1865, when, becoming discouraged at the 
amount of labor required to render the farm tilla- 
ble, he decided to come to this state and look up 
the prospects here. The contrast between the 
Missouri prairie and the stumpy home farm was so 
great that he decided to stay here, and, return- 
ing to Ohio, he disposed of his land and removed 
his family to this state, coming in the spring of 
1866. This move he has never had cause to re- 
gret, for his property here has been a ver>' profit- 
able investment. From three hundred and sev- 
enty acres he made the money which, re-in- 
vested in land, finally made him the owner of 
ten hundred and seventy-five acres, which he has 
now partly divided among his children. 

To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Ozias were born 
six children, five of whom are still living. Susie 
married William Delaney, who is Cashier of the 
Bank of Center View, and who is one of the most 
enterprising citizens of that place. Elmer J., 
Jesse R., Arthur W. and Carrie E. are still single. 
Carrie is attending the Elizabeth AuU Seminary 
at Eexington, Mo., and Arthur is living at home. 
He is a young man of much promise and we pre- 
dict for him a bright future. 

Politically our subject is a Democrat, and a firm 
defender of the principles of that party. He is 
identified with the Progressive Brethren Church, 
and is prominently connected with all benevolent 
and public interests. The residence is an impos- 
ing one, and its hospitality is well known to the 
rich and poor alike, who always find a ready wel- 
come there. 

/JlEORGEW. EUDWIG, who is engaged in 
l_ farming and stock-raising on .section 27, 
V^ township 44, range 29, John.son County, is 
very prominent in fraternal circles, and for thirty 
years has been a member of the Odd Fellows' so- 
ciety. His membership is with Garden City 
Lodge No. 296, of Cass County, and he belongs 
to the encampment at Holden. He is also a 
member of the Grand Army of the Republic, be- 
ing connected with the Holden Post. 

Our .subject was born October 31, 1843, in 
Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio. His father, 
William Eudwig, was a blacksmith by trade, and 
at an early day moved to Dayton, Ohio, where he 
died when George W. was about twelve years of 
age. His wife, whose maiden name was Ann 
Jemima Weber, departed this life October 25, 
1876. Of their eight children five died in infan- 
cy. One son, Noah W., served for one hundred 
days in the Ohio National Guards, and died in 
Dayton, Ohio, when in his twenty-first year. 
William Henry, of Cass County, Mo., who is 
married and has one child, is the only surviving 
brother of our subject. 

George W. Eudwig went to live with his grand- 
mother in Pickaway County, Ohio, on a farm after 
his father's death, and remained there until he en- 
listed in the army, in the mean time receiving a 
fair education. October 14, 1861, he became a 
member of Company C, Sixty-first Ohio Infantry, 
but was later transferred to Company I, Fifty- 
eighth Ohio, commanded by Capt. Samuel Mor- 
rison, with Colonel Bosenwain in charge. Young 
Eudwig took part in the battle of Ft. Donelson, 
and atShiloh received a slight wound in the left 
cheek. He was stationed on a gunboat during 
the siege of Vicksburg, was later made Corporal, 
and June g, 1864, was promoted to the rank of 
Sergeant- Major. January 3, 1864, he veteran- 
ized, and continued to serve until the close of the 
war, being granted an honorable discharge Sep- 
tember 16, 1865, at Vicksburg. After Eee's sur- 
render, he was placed on patrol duty for several 
months. In September, 1862, when at Helena, 
Ark., he was in the hospital for a short time, and 
suffered severely with malaria for several months. 

After his return from the South Mr. Eudwig 



attended school in Dayton, Ohio, for a few months, 
and in 1866 went to Kansas City, where he worked 
in a planing -mill. He had used the wages re- 
ceived during his army service in assisting to take 
care of his widowed mother, to whom he was ever 
a most dutiful son. In the spring of 1867 he first 
landed in Johnson County, and for a year and 
a-half was employed by Chesley Gates, a farmer. 

October I, 1868, Mr. Ludwig married Nancy 
E. Gates, daughter of his late employer. She was 
born in what was then Van Buren, but now Hen- 
ry County, Mo., January 21, 1841, and has been 
a true helpmate and assistant to her husband in 
the journey of life. Of their eight children, three 
died in infancy, and the others are OmarW., 
Mary Etta, Ida May, Inda Ora and Clara Belle. 
The eldest, born June 26, 1870, is a graduate of 
Spaulding Commercial College of Kansas City, 
and is a young man of promise. The daughters 
have all received good common-school educations 
and are well fitted to grace any society. 

After his marriage, Mr. Ludwig removed to a 
farm of two hundred acres which his wife had in- 
herited from her mother. He improved the place, 
clearing some of the land, putting out a good 
orchard, and building substantial fences thereon. 
In 1884 he erected the comfortable family resi- 
dence in which he has since dwelt. Mr. Gates 
subsequently gave to his daughter a tract of land, 
and the farm now comprises altogether two hun- 
dred and sixty-six acres. The land was formerly 
prairie, but Mr. Ludwig soon commenced to im- 
prove it, and now has it all under tillage or past- 
ure. Good fences enclose the fields, and a fine 
productive orchard of peach, apple and other fruit 
trees embellishes the home place. The residence 
before mentioned is one of the best appearing and 
substantial buildings in this section, and good 
barns and other farm buildings are conveniently 
arranged. All of these improvements have been 
brought about by the energy and industry of Mr. 

Politically our subject is a Republican, though 
his father and surviving brother were adherents of 
the Democracy. In 1864 he voted for Lincoln 
and for Governor Brough of Ohio. Though he 
had no expectation of being elected, Mr. Ludwig 

was nominated by his party frifends for the position 
of Justice of the Peace in 1872, and has served as 
a delegate to county conventions. 

QRESTON G. SANDERS, a retired farmer, 
L/^ is now engaged in merchandising in Quick 
K5 City, Johnson County, where he erected a 
store in 1894, and put in a well selected stock of 
dry goods. Since 1848, when he cast his maiden 
vote for the Whig candidate, he has supported 
either that party or its successor, and while in 
Worthington, Ind., served as Township Trustee 
for four years acceptably, having been chosen by 
the Republicans of that community to fill the po- 

A native of Greene County, Ind., Mr. Sanders 
was born February 27, 1827, to Herbert and Jincy 
(Jessup) Sanders, both natives of North Carolina. 
They emigrated to Indiana with their respective 
families in 18 16, and were married in Greene 
County, where they were numbered among the 
pioneers. Mr. Sanders, who was a farmer by oc- 
cupation, resided in the Hoosier State until after 
the war, when he sold out, and moving to Atchi- 
son County, Kan., bought a quarter-section of 
land. This place he cultivated for twelve years, 
when he returned to Indiana and passed his last 
days at the home of our subject, his death occur- 
ring in August, 1882. 

In a family of nine children, P. G. Sanders is 
the third in order of birth, and in his boyhood he 
received good training and fair common-school 
advantages. When twenty years of age he com- 
menced running a flat-boat from his home down 
the White River, the Ohio and the Mississippi to 
New Orleans. As a cargo he carried farm prod- 
ucts, for which he found a ready market, and 
for nine years his time was thus employed. He 
managed to lay aside some money, and then for 
four years engaged in operating his father's land 



on shai-es. His father having purchased a tract 
of wild land, our subject commenced its improve- 
ment, and paid for the same, some eighty acres, 
on installments. When the war broke out he 
enlisted in Company H, Seventy-first Indiana 
Regiment, and was subsequently transferred from 
the infantry to the cavalry service. He enlisted 
July II, 1862, went into camp at Terre Haute, 
and was mustered in on the i8th of August. The 
same night he started for the front, and August 
29 took part in the battle at Richmond, Ky., 
where he was captured. He was sent to Indian- 
apolis on parole, remaining there for seven months, 
and when exchanged was placed in the cavalry. 
Then, going to Muldron's Hill, Ky., to guard a 
railroad trestle, he was again captured by Breck- 
enridge and Morgan. On being paroled and once 
more exchanged, he was sent to Kentucky and 
thence to Georgia. At Tunnel Hill he took part 
in a battle, from there went to Atlanta, and par- 
ticipated in the battles of Resaca, Kenesaw Moun- 
tain and in the capture of Atlanta. Next he was 
sent to Nashville to assist Thomas, and there 
fought his last great battle. Though he was in 
many skirmishes, and for three months was con- 
stantly under fire, he was never wounded. At 
Nashville he was taken sick and was sent home, 
where he remained until the regiment was dis- 
charged in September, 1865. 

While absent fighting for the Stars and Stripes, 
his wife, formerly Elizabeth Fiscus, had died, 
this sad event having occurred in 1862. Their 
marriage occurred April 29, 1849. She was born 
in Owen County, Ind., and of the children born 
to her only one survives. Mary, the wife of J. 
W. Fort, died leaving four children; and John F. , 
who died in March, 1895, in Arkansas, left a 
family of six children. Zachary T., who is pro- 
prietor of a sawmill in Arkansas, is married and 
has two children. In March, 1866, Mr. Sanders 
married Lucy G. DayhofF, a native of Greene 
County, Ind. They became the parents of five 
children, who one by one were summoned by the 
Angel of Death. William P., a bright, promis- 
ing young man, lived to be nearly eighteen years 
of age. In March, 1895, he was out hunting with 
a companion, when he was accidentally wounded 

in the right arm by the premature discharge of 
his comrade's gun, and from the effects of his in- 
jury his death .soon resulted. The other children 
died at the ages of nine, seven and two years, 
and one when but seven months old. 

For four years after returning from Southern 
battlefields, Mr. Sanders engaged in commercial 
pursuits at Worthington, Ind., and then traded 
his plant for a farm in Greene County, that state, 
where he made his home until 1882, much of his 
attention being given to dealing in live stock. In 
the spring of 1883, he moved to Holden, this 
county, and a few months later purchased a home- 
stead on section 21, township 44, range 28, where 
he has a quarter-section of land. In 1890 his 
store and stock in Quick City were destroyed by 
fire, and his loss was indeed severe. During the 
next three years he gave his exclusive attention 
to his farm, after which he opened a stock of gro- 
ceries, and in 1894, as previously stated, opened 
a dry -goods store in Quick City. He is a mem- 
ber of the Grand Army of the Republic, and in 
former years was active in the Odd Fellows' so- 
ciety. He and his estimable wife are members 
of the Christian Church, the former now holding 
the ofiice of Elder in the congregation. They 
possess the friendship and respect of a large circle 
of acquaintances, and we are pleased to give them 
a place among the representative citizens of this 

-^•*^— ^^^@^@-r— .-T*r«-«^* 

0AVID S. PLAIN is a self-made and self-ed- 
ucated man, and owes to himself the success 
he has achieved in the battle of life. He is 
engaged in farming and stock-raising on his de- 
sirable homestead, comprising eighty acres on 
section 12, township 44, range 29, Johnson Coun- 
ty. From a very early age much responsibility 
was thrown upon his shoulders, and he was in- 
ured to the duties of farm life while yet a mere 
boy. In 1874, he and his wife came to visit their 
eldest daughter, who is married and living in 


Cass County, Mo. Taking a great liking to the 
state, Mr. Plain returned home, sold his farm and 
bought one hundred and twenty acres in Cass 
County, subsequently adding thereto another 
tract of forty acres. In 1888 he sold the place 
and removed to his present home, where he in- 
tends to remain permanently. 

A son of David and Sarah (Gish) Plain, our 
subject was born February 27, 1824, near Green- 
ville, Muhlenberg County, Ky. His mother died 
when he was only two weeks old, and at her re- 
quest he was taken into the family of Samuel 
Short, with whom he continued to live until 
reaching his majority. When he was a lad of 
eleven years, or in 1835, the family moved to San- 
gamon County, 111., and settled in what was then 
a new country, only a few pioneers having locat- 
ed along the edges of the timber. Mr. Short 
bought a farm on the prairie and set young Da- 
vid to work breaking the ground and driving four 
yoke of oxen. He was a very strict and stern 
taskmaster, and denied his young charge many 
of the privileges that commonly fall to the lot of 
3'oung people. The boy had but little chance to 
obtain an education, but he was faithful to his 
employer and did as well as he could until the 
summer after he was twenty-one years old, when 
he decided to embark in business on his own ac- 
count. Renting land from Mr. Short, he raised a 
crop, and thus was encouraged to go forward. 

September 4, 1845, David Plain and Elizabeth 
Roach were united in marriage. She was born 
April 14, 1823, in Christian County, Ky., being a 
daughter of John and Dorothy (Utley) Roach, 
who moved to Sangamon County, 111., about 
1836. For a number of years Mr. Plain rented 
land, and by the help of his wife managed to lay 
by a sum of money each year, and at last invest- 
ed this money in eighty acres of wild land. He 
made and hauled the rails with which it was 
divided'into fields, and after a time sold that prop- 
erty, buying a similar tract, which he also im- 
proved and sold. Eater, buying one hundred 
and sixty acres, he engaged in the cultivation of 
this tract until 1874, when he moved to this 

Ten children were born to David S. Plain and 

his wife. Emily J., born February 8, 1847, mar- 
ried W. A. Eowdermilk, February 26, 1877, and 
now lives in Macoupin County, 111. ; Miranda, 
born June 12, 1848, married Thomas R. Stroud, 
May II, 1870, and lives at Eatour; Jesse S., born 
February 20, 1850, was married, September 16, 
1873, to Fannie Bryant; Samuel S., born Decem- 
ber 17, 1 85 1, married Mattie Jernigen, Septem- 
ber 3, 1872, and lives on a portion of his father's 
farm; America R., born P'ebruary 24, 1854, be- 
came the wife of W. C. McGlothin, December 
24, 1873, and is a resident of Eatour; David E., 
born November 20, 1855, and now making his 
home in Eatour, was married, in 1876, to Eliza- 
beth Butler; Charles, born October i, 1857, died 
at the age of two years and six days, October 7, 
1859; Eliza I., born November 5, 1859, is the 
wife of Charles Scholl, of Index, Cass County; 
Mary C, born December 26, 1861, married Ey- 
sander West, and lives in this county; and Mar- 
garet M., born May 4, 1864, married William 
Holcomb, of Cass County. Mr. Plain has twen- 
ty-six grandchildren. The first Presidential vote 
of our subject was cast in 1848, and since that 
time he has been a loyal supporter of the Dem- 



I in general farming and stock-raising on sec- 
v2/ tion 10, township 45, range 29, Johnson Coun- 
ty, his property comprising two hundred acres of 
finely cultivated land, one hundred and twenty 
acres of which Mrs. Howeth inherited from her 
father, who died when she was only four years of 
age. In 1849 he went to California and died 
of cholera on shipboard, while on the return 
voyage, being buried at sea. For nine years our 
subject served as School Director, but since re- 
signing that office he has never acted in a public 
capacity. His first Presidential ballot was cast 
for Horace Greeley, and, like his father, he is a 



The parents of our subject are Harvey and 
Susan (Dorsett) Howeth, natives of Alabama 
and Texas, respectively. The father, vs^ho is still 
living, was born October i, 1822, and went to 
Texas with his parents about 1845. During the 
last of the Mexican War, he enlisted in the serv- 
ice, being with Scott at the capture of the City of 
Mexico, and served a little over a year. He was 
married in Rusk County, Tex., about 1848, and 
moved to Cooke County the following year. Of 
their eleven children all but three are still living. 
For about two years Mr. Howeth served as a 
private in the Confederate army, as a member of 
a Texas regiment, and after the war joined the 
State Militia, assisting in keeping the Indians in 
check. He is a farmer, and at one time had one 
hundred and sixty acres. This tract he sold, how- 
ever, buying land near Gainesville, the county 
seat of Cooke County. 

J. F. Howeth was born in Cooke Count}^ Tex., 
March 5, 1850, and while his father was in the 
army the main dependence of the family fell upon 
his young shoulders. Thus he did not obtain 
much of an education at school, but has acquired 
his knowledge mainly through private study and 
observation. When he was twenty years of age 
he commenced learning the carpenter's trade, re- 
ceiving nothing for the first three months, but at 
the end of that time getting about $1 per day. 
He served three years, finally being given fair 
wages. He continued to follow his trade in Tex- 
as until 1875, when he moved to his present 

December 31, 1872, Mr. Howeth married Mrs. 
Mattie Venable, >iee Frier, who was born in Coop- 
er County, Mo., June 3, 1844. Her parents were 
James H. and Margaret (McCulloch) Frier, na- 
tives of Kentucky and Virginia, respectively. 
The father emigrated to Missouri in his early 
manhood alone, and the mother came with her 
parents. Their marriage was celebrated at New 
Franklin, Mo., in 1829, Mrs. Frier being then 
only seventeen years of age. Mrs. Howeth first 
married Thomas B. Lee, at the age of twenty 
years, and subsequently became the wife of J. A. 
Venable, who died in Texas. There were no 
children by either marriage. Mr. and Mrs. How- 

eth have two daughters and a son, namely: Ella 
J., born April i, 1875; Robert Stanley, June 4, 
1878; and Besta, May 8, 1890, and all three are 
natives of this county. The two elder children 
are attending the normal school at Warrensburg. 
Harvey Howeth is a Democrat, as is also his 
son, our subject. The latter was reared a Meth- 
odist and his wife a Universalist. She united 
with the Christian Church when she was nineteen 
years of age, but they are both now identified 
with the same congregation, as are their two eld- 
er children. They are in favor of woman suf- 
frage, and take great interest in the indications 
which point to the speedy fulfillment of their de- 
sires in this direction. 


["rank DEERMESTER, who is A.ssi.stant 
rrt Professor in Mathematics and Professional 
I Training in the State Normal at Warrens- 
burg, is a young man of superior talents and 
education, besides having a number of years of 
valuable experience as a teacher. His present 
position he was oifered in the fall of 1892, and 
since accepting the same has given full satis- 
faction to all who have come under his jurisdic- 
tion. During the summers of 1889 to 1893, !"■ 
elusive, he took up special work in the summer 
institutes, the first year in Barton County, and 
the remainder of the time in Bates County. The 
vacation of 1894 he spent profitably at Harvard 
"University, making a special study of psychol- 
ogy. He has also made good progress in German 
and higher mathematics, having few equals, es- 
pecially in the latter branch. 

The parents of our subject are John and Ma- 
hala C. (Gunn) Deermester, the former a native 
of Wurtemberg, Germany, born June 21, 1842. 
When sixteen jears of age he left the Father- 
land in order to avoid military service, and after 
landing in New York he went to Philadelphia, 
where for two years he worked in a bakery. Then, 
going to Bond County, 111., he engaged in mill- 



ing, following the business until 1864. March 2 
of that 3'ear he enlisted in the cavalry service, and 
while in Arkansas was under General Steele, and 
at Nashville and Franklin, Tenn., under General 
Thomas. He was honorably discharged in June, 
1865, and was afterward sent to Dakota to assist 
in putting down the troublesome Indians. He 
was never wounded, but had some narrow escapes, 
and in one battle a ball lodged in a rail imme- 
diately in front of him. On his return to Bond 
County he engaged in farming on rented land, 
and in 1868 moved to Bates County, Mo., where 
he became the owner of two hundred acres of 
wild land, which he has since engaged in culti- 
vating. He has been successful in his efforts, 
and is now the proprietor of four hundred and 
eighty acres of valuable land. March 4, 1864, 
he was married, in Bond County, 111., to Miss 
Gunn, who was born in Pennsylvania, November 
30, 1842, and whose father died while she was 
quite young. 

Frank Deermester was born at Greenville, 111., 
August 28, 1866, and was only about two years 
of age when his parents moved to Bates County. 
He attended the country schools, and in his sev- 
enteenth year entered the State Normal, graduat- 
ing from the "C" Course in 1885. For the next 
three years he engaged in teaching country 
schools in Bates County, and as he liked this line 
of work, returned to the State Normal in the fall 
of 1888 for further instruction, graduating in 
June, 1889. The principalship of the public 
schools of Adrian, Mo., being offered him, he 
accepted the position, and the next year was 
made Principal of the Montrose School, in Henry 
County, at a better salary. While there he was 
elected Commissioner of Bates County, and filled 
the office for two years. In the mean time he 
was for one year first assistant in Butler Acad- 
emy, and in the fall of 1892 resigned the office of 
Commissioner in order to accept the position he 
now holds. 

The father of our subject has always taken a 
great interest in educational matters, and his chil- 
dren have doubtless inherited this tendency. He 
is a Republican, and has served as Township 
Trustee and Assessor. A brother of the Profes- 

sor, Alva, is a graduate of Musselman's Business 
College, of Quincy, 111. ; and a sister, Mrs. Cora 
lyong, lives on a farm in Bates County. Since he 
was seventeen years of age our subject has been 
a member of the Christian Church, and is now 
Assistant Superintendent, and 
President of the Christian Endeavor Union of 
this city. 


JOHN MORROW RICE, M. D., of Colum- 
bus, Johnson County, is associated in prac- 
tice with Dr. Baxter E. Morrow, to whom we 
will refer at greater length later in this article. 
Dr. Rice was born in Columbus Township, this 
county, August 30, 1871. As a basis for his 
medical education, he was well grounded in 
general knowledge in the schools of his home 
neighborhood and in the State Normal. He then 
went to Little Rock, Ark., where for years he 
was employed in a drug store, after which he 
read medicine under the tutelage of Dr. H. B. 
Coleman, of this place. In 1893, after pursuing 
a course of study and lectures at Beaumont Med- 
ical College of St. Louis, Mo., he was graduated 
with the degree of Doctor of Medicine, and at 
once entered into partnership with Dr. Morrow. 
The young men possess good ability, are steadily 
building up their already enviable reputation, and 
are on the high road to prosperity. 

The parents of Dr. Rice are John Morrow, Sr., 
and Virginia (Tackett) Rice. The former is a 
native of this county, having been one of the first 
white children born within its boundaries, his 
birth occurring about 1833. His father. Pleasant 
Rice, emigrated from Tennessee to this locality, 
settling in the timber two miles north of where 
Columbus now stands, but later moved to a farm 
southeast of here, dying there at the age of eighty- 
nine years, in 1891. For nearly his entire life he 
was a member of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church. John M. Rice, Sr. , was reared on his fa. 
ther's farm and received a good education for 



those days. On reaching maturity he commenced 
farming on land that had been entered by some 
member of the family, it being a tract of one hun- 
dred acres lying southeast of Columbus. After 
becoming the owner of the same he continued act- 
ively engaged in its cultivation until 1881, at 
which time he was elected Clerk of Johnson Coun- 
ty, and for eight years made a most efficient of- 
ficer. He is now serving as Deputy- Clerk. He 
was reared in the faith of the Democracy, and still 
adheres to its teachings. 

The first wife of J. M. Rice, Sr., was Mary, 
a sister of the lady who now bears his name. She 
was born in Virginia, and died before the war, 
leaving four children: Sallie, Mrs. Robert Ewing, 
of Lafayette County, Mo.; Linnie, wife of John 
A. Black, a farmer of Columbus Township; Mary, 
who is living with her father; and Mattie, de- 
ceased, formerly the wife of William Shouse, 
of Lexington, Mo. To the union of J. M. Rice 
and Virginia H. Tackett three children were 
born, namely: Cora, John M., Jr., and Marvin M., 
who is studying medicine with his elder brother. 
The senior Mr. Rice is a Knight Templar and a 
inember of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

Dr. Baxter E. Morrow was born May 3, 
1870, in this county, being a son of Baxter E. 
and Mary (O'Neill) Morrow. He is next to the 
youngest of five children, all of whom survive. 
The father was born in Lafayette County, Mo. , 
in 1825, and was reared to farm life; but as he ap- 
proached manhood his preference for a mercantile 
career became manifest. He secured a position 
as salesman in a general store and assiduously de- 
voted himself to learning all the details of the 
business. A few years later he opened a store in 
Columbus, and conducted the same for several 
years successfully. About 1868 he disposed of 
his interests and bought land some two miles west 
of the village. Here in a quiet and unassuming 
way he passed his remaining years, his death oc- 
curring in 1890. 

Dr. Morrow grew to manhood under the paren- 
tal roof and received a thorough training in the 
common-school branches. On arriving at an age 
where the problem of his future field of employ- 
ment presented itself, he chose the medical pro- 

fession, and after studying with Dr. Coleman, of 
this place, for a year, entered Beaumont Hospital 
Medical College at St. Louis, graduating there- 
from with honors in 1892. Returning to his old 
home in Columbus, he practiced for a year under 
the direction of his former preceptor, and in 
March, 1892, joined his interests with those of 
Dr. J. M. Rice, a graduate of his Alma Mater. 
During the three years of his practice here, Dr. 
Morrow has made many friends, and his uniform 
success in the treatment of his patients has gained 
for him the confidence of the people of this com- 
munity. Politicall}' he is a Democrat, and in his 
religious views he is a Cumberland Presbyterian. 
He is a valued member of the Columbus Church, 
and is always foremost in everj-thing relating to 
its welfare. 



0ALEN TERRY STARK, M. D., one of the 
|_ honored residents of Chilhowee, Johnson 
V_>| County, has been successfully engaged in the 
practice of his profession here for the past twelve 
years. He has prospered financially and has won 
an enviable place for himself, both in the opinion 
of the public and in the estimation of his brother 
physicians. He is a man of broad and liberal 
ideas, and by constant study and a perusal of the 
best medical journals keeps in touch with modern 
discoveries in the treatment of disease. 

The Doctor was born in Logan County, K}'., 
March 20, 1848, being a son of Terry and Mary 
(Smith) Stark, the former of whom was born 
just across the Kentucky line in Tennessee, while 
the latter was, like our subject, a native of Logan 
County. A history of the parents may be found 
at greater length in the biography of the Doctor's 
brother, W. H. Stark, which is printed elsewhere 
in this work. The youth of G. T. Stark was 
passed on his father's farm in an uneventful man- 
ner, his time being divided between work and 
play and attendance on the common schools. 
His summers were employed on the farm until he 


was about sixteen years of age, when he entered 
Bethel College at Russellville, the county seat of 
Logan County. There he pursued his studies 
for two years, after which he entered the state 
military school at Lexington, where he remained 
for another year and a-half The cost of his edu- 
cation was partly met by the proceeds of the 
property he had inherited from his father's estate, 
as he was only about a year old when death de- 
prived him of his natural protector. An elder 
brother, the W. H. Stark previously referred to, 
took charge of the old homestead and stood in 
the father's place toward the younger members of 
the family. The mother did not long survive 
her husband's death, but passed away some five 
or six years afterwards. 

After leaving the military school, our subject 
drifted from one thing to another, clerking to 
some extent in stores, and in 1869 took a trip to 
the West. In the fall of the same year he began 
reading medicine with Dr. Hendrickson, of Adair- 
ville, Logan County, Ky. In the winter of 1870- 
7 1 he took a course of lectures in the State Uni- 
versity at Nashville, and would have completed 
the course, but on account of lack of money was 
obliged to abandon his plan for the time being. 
For six months he practiced with his former pre- 
ceptor, and in the iall of 1871 located at Palma, 
Marshall County, Ky., where he built up a fair 

In the latter place occurred the Doctor's mar- 
riage, December 10, 1874, Mary Liles being the 
lady of his choice. She was born and reared in 
Palma, and has become the mother of four chil- 
dren: Lou, who was born in October, 1875; Lena 
May, whose birth occurred in February, 1879; 
Edward Galen, born in August, 1882; and Free- 
dom, born March 9, 1887. The three eldest chil- 
dren are natives of Palma, but the youngest was 
born in Chilhowee. 

In 1875 Dr. Stark returned to Nashville, where 
he completed his medical course and graduated 
the following year. He then resumed practice 
at Palma and continued to dwell there until 18S3, 
when he sold out and transferred his family and 
effects to this place, where he intends to make his 
future home. He is not a politician, but uses his 

franchise in favor of the Democracy. In com- 
pany with his estimable wife, he holds member- 
ship with the Cvmiberland Presbyterian Church, 
and takes an active part in religious work. His 
eldest daughter, who has received an excellent 
education and is a graduate of the State Normal 
School at Warrensburg, is now engaged in teach- 
ing in the schools in this county. The family 
are esteemed and respected by their neighbors 
and many friends, and their pleasant home is al- 
waj^s open for their entertainment. 


ROBERT F. GRAHAM. Among the prom- 
inent agriculturists of Johnson County who 
were born within its limits, mention may be 
made of our subject, whose birth occurred in 
Center View Township, February 8, 1856. He 
is a practical farmer, and the admirable manner in 
which he is cultivating his fine property on section 
12, township 44, range 27, yields him a good in- 

The parents of -our subject were James J. and 
Louisa E. (Stockton) Graham, the former of 
whom was born in Wythe County, Va., Decem- 
ber 18, 18 19. He came to this state when a lad 
of fourteen years, while Mrs. Graham was brought 
hither at the age of six or seven. Since his mar- 
riage Mr. Graham has made his home in Johnson 
County, a portion of the time living in Hazle Hill 
Township, while the rest of his life thus far has 
been passed in Center View, where he now resides. 

Robert F., of this sketch, was fourth in order 
of birth of a family of ten children, eight of whom 
are now living. Mrs. Frances V. Morrison lives 
at Eddy, N. M.; Mrs. Nannie J. Wyrick lives in 
Elk County, Kan., while the other members of 
the household make their home in this county. 
Our subject grew to man's estate on his father's 
farm, a part of which he is now occupying. He 
was married, September i, 1880, to Miss Nancy 
Elmira Williams, of Warrensbiirg. She is a fine- 
ly educated lady, being one of the Class of '78 

Z. CASK, -M. D. 



that graduated from the State Normal School. 
She began teaching when sixteen years old, fol- 
lowing that vocation until her marriage. 

Four children came to bless the union of our 
subject and his wife. Marj^ E. was born June 
20, 1882; Effa died when eighteen months old; 
Robert Roy was born May 6, 1888; and Julia 
Lee, January 14, 1893. 

Mrs. Graham was born in Warrensburg Town- 
ship, November 9, 1857, ^"^ i^ the daughter of 
Thomas N. and Narcissa (Weems) Williams. 
Her father, who now makes his home in Newton 
County, this state, was born September 12, 18 19, 
in Tennessee, in which state Mrs. Williams was 
also born, April 25, 1827. She departed this life 
in Warrensburg about 1884. Mrs. Graham was 
reared on a farm east of Warrensburg and, as be- 
fore stated, attended the State Normal School, 
earning the money to pay for her education by 
teaching. Her parents reared a family of eleven 
children, of whom seven are now living. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Graham are members of the 
Cumberland Presbj'terian Church, and in the 
work of the congregation in their neighborhood 
take a leading and prominent part. In politics 
he is a Democrat, and socially is connected with 
the Masonic fraternity. 

^OPHAR CASE, M. D., is a leading physi- 
j. cian and surgeon of Warrensburg, John- 
/ J son County, and though he has been locat- 
ed in this place but five years, numbers many of 
her best citizens among his clients, and finds his 
time fully employed in meeting the needs of his 
numerous patrons. He has been engaged in the 
practice of his profession for nearly two decades, 
his field of labor being Johnson County, with the 
exception of three j'cars spent in St. Louis. He 
aims to keep thoroughly abreast of the times in 
all the latest discoveries relating to the science of 
medicine, and to that end took a post-graduate 
course a few years ago in the New York Post- 
Graduate College. 

The parents of Dr. Case were Zophar and 
Mary E. (Halstead) Case. The former was a 
native of Warren, Trumbull County, Ohio, born 
in 1805, and in early life was a civil engineer. 
He studied for that branch of professional life in 
Cleveland, Ohio, under his brother Leonard, who 
died in 1868, and in 1832 helped to make the 
Government surveys in southern Illinois. In 
middle age he became a lawyer, practicing at 
Carlyle, and was associated with Judge Omal- 
vaney. Then for a few years he was engaged in 
the mercantile business, and after retiring made 
his home in Cleveland, where he lived for four 
years prior to his death, which occurred in 1884. 
From his early years he was identified with the 
growth and development of Illinois, and held the 
offices of County and Circuit Clerks of Clinton 
County for several terms, besides serving as Coun- 
ty Surveyor. His wife, Mary, was born near 
Frankfort, Ky., in 1818, and died in Cleveland 
in 188 1. One of her ancestors, Richard Nichols, 
was at one time Provincial Governor of New York , 
and her great-great-grandmother, Aneka Jans, 
leased the ground on which stands the famous 
Trinity Church of New York. Her progenitors 
crossed over to England with the Prince of 
Orange, and subsequently helped to uphold him 
as King William III. A son of Dr. Case's uncle 
Leonard, previously mentioned, William Case, 
was President of the Lake Shore Railroad and 
Mayor of Cleveland, and another son, Leonard, 
Jr., established the School of Applied Science, 
and endowed it in 1880. 

The birth of Dr. Zophar Case occurred Jan- 
uary 22, 1847, in Carlyle, 111., and his school 
days were spent in that locality. When he was 
in his eighteenth year he obtained employment 
at the railroad station, and two years afterwards 
began clerking in stores in his birthplace. At 
the age of twenty-six years he took up the study 
of medicine under Dr. J. T. Gordon, of Carlyle, 
and after completing a three-years course in a 
little over two years, graduated from the St. 
Louis Medical College, of St. Louis, Mo., in the 
Class of '75. The following year he began prac- 
ticing in Johnson County, and continued uninter- 
ruptedly here until 1882, when he went to St, 



Louis. He practiced in that city for three years, 
and while living there was married, June ii, 
1884, to Laura Ellen Gallaher, a native of John- 
son County. In 1885 he returned to Johnson 
County, and a few months afterwards his wife 

In 1890 Dr. Case went to New York City, 
where he took a post-graduate course, and when 
he returned to the West he decided to locate in 
Warrensburg. May 31, 1894, his marriage with 
Anna Blanche Beegle, of this city, was celebrated. 
She was born at Pleasant Hill, Mo., and is a lady 
of superior education, who with her husband is 
received in the best social circles of this place. 
They are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, the Doctor having become identified with 
the denomination in 1868. In politics he fol- 
lows his father's example, and votes the straight 
Democratic ticket, as he has always done since 
casting his first ballot for Seymour in 1868. 

<^4.^.4.^..}..{..I.. 5..}..S..i.» ^ .i..{..i..i.^..}.».{.»»».i. :X> 

|~ DWARD L. DE GARMO, one of the lead- 
1^ ing dry-goods merchants of Warrensburg, 
^_ has been engaged in business here for thir- 
ty years, and no one stands higher in the re- 
spect of his fellow-citizens than he. In a long 
business career, covering over forty years, during 
which time (especially during the war, when so 
many business firms went down) he has passed 
safely through every panic, he has never assigned, 
failed in business, or compromised a debt, but has 
always paid one hundred cents on the dollar. He 
is a self-made man, having been the architect of 
his own fortune and having gradually worked his 
way upward from the humble walks of life by his 
own worthy characteristics. Some years since he 
took his two sons into business with him as part- 
ners, the firm name now being E. L- De Garnio 
& Son. 

The parents of Edward L. De Garmo were Ja- 
cob and Susan (Beardsley) De Garmo, the former 
born in 1797, in Albany, N. Y., and the latter in 

Bridgeport, Conn., in 1812. The father was of 
French extraction, and his father was one of the 
early settlers on Manhattan Island. Having come 
to this country with considerable means, he left 
his son Jacob a goodly inheritance. The latter 
grew to manhood in Albany and then engaged in 
the wholesale drug business in his native state. 
About 1840 the family moved from New York 
City to Tennessee, where the father engaged in 
large land speculations, being interested in the de- 
velopment of some property which had a wealth of 
minerals yet unmined. About three years later 
he moved to Kentucky, settling at Augusta, and 
a few years later he went to Louisville, where he 
passed the remainder of his life. He died while 
on a visit to a son in Hillsdale, Mich., in 1879. 
His wife was of English ancestry, and her par- 
ents lived in Paterson, N. J. After her husband's 
death Mrs. De Garmo continued to dwell in Louis- 
ville, Ky., until 1888, when she went to California 
to visit her two sons, and died at Denver, while 
on her way to Warrensburg, September 23, 1890. 
She was buried at Louisville, Ky. , while her hus- 
band is sleeping his last sleep in the cemetery at 
Hillsdale, Mich. They were the parents of ten 
children. John, the eldest, was engaged in busi- 
ness in this city several years, and died in St. 
Louis in 1887, leaving two children. George, a 
mechanic, was formerly a manufacturer of nails 
and iron fences; he is the father of three children, 
and now lives in Philadelphia. Henry, who was 
a minister, died in Colorado, whither he had gone 
for his health; he left one daughter. Cornelia 
died at the age of twenty -one years. Garrett and 
William are both living in California, the former 
being the owner of a fruit farm, and the latter a 
resident of Los Angeles. Like his elder brother, 
Henry, Charles is a minister in the Episcopal 
Church, and has a parish in Philadelphia. Two 
children died in infancy; and our subject com- 
pletes the family. 

The birth of Edward L. De Garmo occurred in 
Philadelphia, Pa., September 4, 1831, and his 
boyhood days were spent at the family residence 
in New York City. When he was nine years old 
he went with his parents to Tennessee, where he 
had but little chance for obtaining an education. 



Through the eflforts of his father, school was held 
in an old log building with a dirt floor. Logs 
served the purpose of seats, a hole in the side of 
the building admitted the light, and a box of sand 
answered for a blackboard. When they moved 
to Augusta, Ky., his opportunities were better 
and he attended college there for six years, after 
which he returned to Louisville. Later he went 
to Vienna, Ind., where, for a short time, he was 
engaged in the coopering business. He then 
went to New Albany, Ind., where he engaged to 
serve an apprenticeship of three years as a cabinet- 
maker, his father having met with financial re- 
verses. The first year he received $2.50 per week, 
the second $3 (out of which he had to pay for his 
board and clothes), and the third was to re- 
ceive $5 per week. When about two years had 
passed he was much surprised one day when 
his employer came to him and told him that as 
he had been so faithful he would henceforth allow 
him journeyman wages. The next day he earned 
$3 and felt rich indeed. He continued with his 
employer for another year, after which he went 
into business for himself with one of his brother 
apprentices in North Madison, Ind. A year later 
he took charge of the office and warerooms of 
Robins & Pindell, wholesale manufacturers of 
furniture, and during the five years that he was 
in their employ he managed to save quite a sum 
of money. In 1856 he moved to Hope, Ind., and 
there engaged in general merchandising until the 
close of the war. 

In 1 86 1 Governor Morton requested Mr. De 
Garmo to enter the secret service of the state, this 
request coming in response to a letter asking the 
Governor to commission him as Captain of a com- 
pany which he had organized and which had elect- 
ed him to the Captaincy. He acceded to Gov- 
ernor Morton's wishes, and rendered valuable 
service until peace was declared. No one, not 
even his wife, knew of it until the war ended. 
At one time during the Morgan raid his neigh- 
bors brought him all their money, $20,000, and 
valuables to be kept for security in his safe. He 
did not wish to take the responsibility, but did 
so upon being urged. Wisely determining not 
to place them in the safe, however, he marked 

each roll separately and put them in a large 
earthen jar and buried it under his house, the 
place of burial being known to no one but him- 
self His safe was robbed, his store set on fire, 
and his stable, containing a very fine horse, a 
carriage, sleigh, harness, etc., burned, but the 
money and valuables were saved, much to the 
surprise of those who had entrusted them to his 
keeping. In the secret servdce he had many ex- 
citing experiences. Once he received word that 
his property was to be burned and he murdered, 
so he prepared for the parties, but as they became 
apprised of his movements never came. At one 
time, in a skirmish with the enemy, he was shot 
in the forehead, and on another occasion received 
a sabre cut on the head. 

In 1865 Mr. De Garmo and his partner came 
to Warrensburg, bought a lot, and put up the 
third business house on the south side of Pine 
Street, stocking it with a general line of merchan- 
dise. On Christmas Eve, 1865, a disastrous fire 
consumed nearly all of the buildings on Pine 
Street, and our subject and his partner sustained 
a very heavy loss. Afterward they assisted in 
erecting the Eureka Mills, the first mill construct- 
ed in this city after the war, and as soon as they 
were in running order sold out to other parties. 
Next they built the storehouse in which Mr. De 
Garmo now runs a business and put in machinery 
for the manufacture of woolen goods. This es- 
tablishment they operated until 1886, when they 
closed it out, still continuing in the dry-goods 
business, however. In 1887 our subject bought 
the farm of two hundred and fifteen acres in this 
county which he .still owns, living upon it oyer a 
year for the benefit of his health, when he re- 
turned to business in this city. 

June 14, 1854, at Madison, Ind., Mr. De Garmo 
married Miss Mary Schmidlap, who has borne him 
four children, namely: Lewis Edward, Cornelia, 
Frank and Hettie L- Lewis E. , who was born in 
Madison, Ind., and is now a dry-goods merchant 
in Chicago, was formerly in business with his 
father and brother, but wanted to go to a larger 
city. He was married in that city to Dora 
Mick, and has one child, Lewis Emniett. Cor- 
nelia, born in Hope, Ind., married J. W. Suddath, 



whose sketch appears elsewhere in this work. 
Frank, born in the same place, October 9, 1862, 
was married, October 8, 1890, to Mary E O'Don- 
nell, of Jackson County, Mo. She is also a na- 
tive of Indiana, her birth having occurred Sep- 
tember 5, 1864, and by her marriage became the 
mother of two children: Mary Cora, born August 
28, 1 89 1, and Margaret Frances, August i, 1893. 
Lewis E. and Frank De Garmo were employed 
in the woolen-mills until the business was closed 
out, when they became identified in business with 
their father. Both sons were educated in the 
State Normal at Warrensburg, and Frank's wife 
was one of the teachers in that institution for four 
or five years. Hettie, also born in Hope, Ind. , 
married Emmett Mick, of Chicago, general sales- 
man for Carson, Pirie, Scott & Co., and they have 
one child, Louise. 

Mrs. De Garmo' s parents, Caleb and Sarah 
Schmidlap, were of German ancestry and birth, 
but came to this country when quite young. 
After a time they established a grocery and bak- 
ery business in Madison, Ind., and by industrj^ 
and frugality saved a sufficient amount of money 
to enable them to retire from business entirely. 
They lived in their beautiful home, comfortably 
and happily, for many years, and reared a family 
of ten children. In religious belief they were 
Methodists, and in that faith they trained their 
children. "Father" Schmidlap (for by that title 
he was familiarly called) was a Master Mason 
and active in that fraternity. He died some years 
ago at eighty years of age and was buried at 
Madison, Ind. The mother is living in Warrens- 
burg with her daughter Mary, and though 
eightj'-nine years old, is hearty and strong, and 
is passing her declining years in the midst of 
plenty and comfort. Of her children, six are liv- 
ing, all well-to-do and prosperous. 

In 1852 Edward De Garmo cast his first Presi- 
dential ballot for General Scott, and has ever since 
voted the straight Republican Presidential ticket. 
He has served on the City Council two terms, and 
has been a member of the School Board for a like 
period. Besides being instrumental in building 
the new Presbyterian Church of this city, he also 
took an active part in getting the normal school 

placed here. In 1866 he and his wife joined the 
Presbyterian Church of this city. He had been 
reared in the Episcopal faith, to which his mother 
adhered, and his wife was formerly a Methodist. 
He has been Sunday-school teacher and Super- 
intendent, and an Elder in the church for many 
years, and has represented the church in the 
Presbytery and Synod many times, also in the 
General Assembly, the highest position a layman 
can hold. For years he was one of the main sup- 
porters of the church, with which his children 
are also identified, and for many years they were 
faithful workers and teachers in church and Sun- 
day-school, as was also Mrs. De Garmo. 

HON. ANDREW W. ROGERS, one of the 
most worthy representatives of the Johnson 
County Bar, has been engaged in legal 
pratice in Warrensburg for the past thirty years. 
He was elected to the State Legislature in the fall 
of 1882, and did effective work on many of the 
committees. In 1875 he was made Prosecuting 
Attorney and held the position two years. The 
cause of education finds in him a sincere friend; 
for six or seven years he has been a member of 
the Board of Regents of the State Normal School, 
and served on the Public- school Board about 
eight years previous, during which time he was 
President of both bodies. 

Col. Thomas Rogers, the father of our subject, 
was born in Loudoun County, Va., in 1782, and 
while he was still a mere child emigrated with his 
father, William Rogers, to Woodford County, Ky. 
Later he was a resident of Bourbon County, and 
about 1800 settled near Chillicothe, Ohio, when 
that city was composed of only a few cabins. 
When the War of 18 12 broke out Col. Thomas 
Rogers served as Lieutenant under General Mc- 
Arthur, and was a part of the army which Hull 
surrendered at Detroit. He was three times 
married, Andrew W. being a child of his second 



union. At an early day he became one of the 
pioneers of Highland County, Ohio, where he 
owned a large tract of land, and his death oc- 
curred in Greenfield, Ohio, in 1872. He was a 
very active worker in the campaign of 1840 as a 
Whig, but later was a Free-soiler and a strong 
anti-slavery man. He voted for Fremont in 1856, 
and before his death saw the final destruction of 
slavery. Religiously he was a Presbyterian, be- 
ing an Elder for many years, and was also a 
strong temperance man. About 1820 he married 
Nancy Watts, the mother of our subject, who 
bore him eight children. 

Andrew W. Rogers was born about four miles 
south of Greenfield, Ohio, March 12, 1825, and 
in his boyhood received good training and a fair 
common-school education. He remained on the 
home farm until reaching his majority, and in 
1846 entered the preparatory' department of the 
Miami University of Oxford, Ohio. After grad- 
uating from the classical course in the year 1851 
he went South, where he taught school. Febru- 
ary 6, 1852, he married Sallie J., daughter of 
Prof. Thomas and Isabella (Brown) Mathews. 
Her father was Professor of Mathematics in Ox- 
ford, Ohio, and was a man of superior attainments. 

While having charge of the County Academy 
at Raleigh, Tenn., ten miles from Memphis, Mr. 
Rogers finished the preparatory study of law, and 
was admitted to the Bar in the spring of 1853, in 
Memphis. The same year he moved to Blooming- 
ton, 111. , where he opened an ofiice for practice, 
and there he continued to dwell for the next five 
years. Then, going to Carbondale, 111., he prac- 
ticed there until 1862, and canvassed on behalf of 
the Union for nearly a year. He aided in raising 
the Eighty-first Regiment of Infantry in 1862, 
and was elected its Major. After serving on post 
duty at Cairo, 111., he was sent with the regiment 
to Humboldt, Tenn. , and was held there with the 
reserve force while the battle of Corinth was 
fought. Next the regiment was sent to Ea- 
Grange, Tenn., and was assigned to the Third 
Division, Seventeenth Army Corps, General Grant 
Commander-in-Chief. Prior to the Vicksburg 
campaign, he, with his regiment, was engaged 
in various skirmishes. May i, 1863, he was 

in the battle of Ft. Gibson; May 12, at Ray- 
mond, Miss.; May 14, Jackson; May 16, Baker's 
Creek; and May 17, Big Black; then in the in- 
vestment and siege of Vicksburg, which ended 
July 4, 1863. 

While in the service our subject served as Pres- 
ident of several courts-martial. May 22, 1863, his 
Colonel having been killed in an assault on the 
works at Vicksburg, he was promoted to the 
rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and in March, 1864, 
he was given command of the regiment, which 
was assigned to duty on the Red River campaign 
under Gen. A. J. Smith, the campaign lasting 
over seventy days. After taking Ft. De Russy 
they went by boat to Alexandria, then by land 
to Grand Ecore, or Natchitoches, and there were 
assigned to the river fleet. After reaching the 
mouth of Loggy Baj-ou, with the intelligence of 
the defeat of the main army the fleet received 
orders to retreat down the river. They had to 
fight their way back to Grand Ecore, where they 
again met the main army. 

Subsequently our subject was in the fight with 
Forrest at Guntown, Miss., after which, August 
20, 1864, he was commissioned Colonel of the 
Eighty-first, and took part in the campaign 
against Price in Missouri. From St. Louis he was 
sent to Nashville, at the time of the siege by Hood, 
and thence went to New Orleans. In the spring 
of 1865 he was placed in the Sixteenth Army 
Corps, Third Brigade, Third Division. From 
New Orleans he went by steamer to Dauphin 
Island, then by boat up Fish Riyer, thence across 
the country, and with his regiment opened the 
fight in the investment and siege of Spanish 
Fort, March 27, 1865. The fort was taken April 
8, and on the 25th of the month the army ar- 
rived in Montgomery, Ala., where they first 
learned of Lee's surrender and the assassination 
of President Lincoln. With his regiment our sub- 
ject was mustered out at Vicksburg, and was 
finally discharged in Chicago, August 11, 1865. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Rogers was 
blessed with four children, all of whom are liv- 
ing: Isabella C, who married W. T. Urie, of 
Kansas City, manufacturer of dredging machinery; 
Stanley T., an attorney -at-law of Kansas City; 



Anna G., wife of Arthur W. Fish, who is in the 
employ of Appleton & Co., of Chicago; and Eliz- 
abeth F. , who is still at home. The parents are 
members of the Episcopal Church, with which 
they have been identified since the year 1884, 
previous to which time they were connected with 
the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Rogers is a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, having joined the 
order while in the army, and has also filled all the 
principal chairs in Corinthian Lodge No. 265, 
A. F. & A. M., and of De Mola Lodge No. 
26, R. A. C. For three years he was Comman- 
der of Colonel Grover Post No. 78, G. A. R., and 
while at college was one of the founders of the 
Greek-letter society. Phi Delta Theta, which has 
since spread all over the United States. 

7\ of the oldest residents of township 45, range 
i£/ 25, located here in 1868, at a time when it 
bore little resemblance to its now flourishing con- 
dition. He is a native of Kentucky, having been 
born in Greenup County, April 30, 18 14. His 
parents were Barnett and Catherine (Everman) 
Freeman, the former of whom was born in Vir- 
ginia, and the latter in Germany. They met and 
were married in the Blue Grass State, where 
Barnett Freeman was engaged in teaching school 
and also farming to some extent. 

The father of our subject followed these com- 
bined occupations until about 1829, when he dis- 
posed of his possessions in that state and removed 
to Randolph County, Ind. There he became the 
owner of a productive tract of land and lived un- 
til the death of his wife. He afterward married 
Mary Booker, and changed his location to Henry 
County, where his decease occurred in 1855. 
When last heard from, his wife was still living in 
that locality. The mother of our subject was also 
twice married. Her first companion was David 

Frame, who met his death while working in a 
powder-mill in Greenup County. One son was 
born of their union, David Frame, who is now 

To Barnett and Catherine Freeman there were 
born ten children, of whom Francillo B. was the 
eldest. Alonzo died in Henry County, Ind. ; Will- 
iam E. was killed by the cars, while living in Ran- 
dolph County, Ind. ; Hartwell died in Lafayette 
County, Ind., in 1846; Valentine died in Henry 
County, that state; Austin departed this life in 
Kentucky when an infant; Napoleon Walter Je- 
rome died in Henry County, Ind.; Rebecca, who 
was born in the Blue Grass State, married William 
Elliott, and both died in Henry County, Ind.; 
Narcissus died in Randolph County, that state; 
and Cordelia was a resident of Delaware, Ind., at 
the time of her death. 

Our subject was the only member of the house- 
hold to remain at home until reaching his major- 
ity. He learned the carpenter's trade in Henry, 
Delaware and Randolph Counties, Ind., working 
at the same until 1840. He was then married to 
Miss Louisa Jane Burdit, a native of Virginia, 
where her father lived and died. They were 
married in Delaware County, and there our sub- 
ject purchased a farm and made his home for the 
following eight years. Mrs. Freeman died Sep- 
tember 8, 1847, and February 11 of the follow- 
ing year he married Angeline Street, a native of 
Bath County, Ky., and the daughter of James 
and Rachel Street, also natives of that state, 
where they were farmers. They later removed 
to Indiana, where the father died in Shelby 
County, and the mother passed her last days in 
Wayne County. 

In 1847 Mr. Freeman's crops failed, and conse- 
quently he lost nearly all of his property. In 
1858 he came by wagon to this state, settling in 
Scotland County, where he purchased two farms, 
and for nine years was engaged in their super- 
vision. At the outbreak of the war he enlisted 
and entered the service as a substitute. He was 
at the front only a short time, however, when he 
returned home and lived in Scotland County un- 
til some time in 1867. That year he sold his in- 
terests there and set out for Bates County, stop- 



ping, however, in Johnson County. He was so 
well pleased with the outlook that he remained 
liere and soon becanie classed among the practi - 
cal agriculturists of the county. 

For some time after his marriage our subject 
engaged in a general merchandising business, 
and also practiced law. Upon his arrival in 
Johnson County he purchased fifty acres of land, 
built thereon a good residence, and has since made 
it his home. His wife died a few months after 
coming here, passing away April 26, 1868, and 
he still resides on the home place with the chil- 
dren. He became the father of twelve sons and 
daughters. Riley F. married Sarah Jane Miller, 
and both are now deceased. Barnett E. was born 
March 25, 1843, and is now living on the home 
place. Charles H. was born November 20, 1844; 
he was married in Arkansas and died about 1870, 
leaving a daughter. Francis M. was born Sep- 
tember 30, 1846; he married Mary Winnegar, and 
is now living in Rich Hill, Bates County, this 
state. Martha E. was born June 29, 1850; she 
married T. D. Connell, and is now a resident of 
Camden County, Mo. La Fayette was born June 
30, 1S52, and died in Arizona. Josephine, who 
was born July 6, 1854, became the wife of George 
Houck, who died May 5, 1883; June 5, 1885, she 
became the wife of George T. Swift, and now 
lives with our subject. Lurinda J. was born Au- 
gust 24, 1857; she first married James Dunn, and 
is now the wife of Adolphus Flick, and their home 
is in the World's Fair City. Indiana, who was 
born July 20, i860, is now living with her hus- 
band, Wiley C. Atwood, in Bates Count}', Mo. 
Emma, who was born September 28, 1862, mar- 
ried William H. Hendrick, who was killed in a 
wreck on the Wichita Road; she is now the wife 
of William H. Corbridge, of Chicago. Almeda, 
who was born February 27, 1865, married John 
Harrison, a farmer living northwest of Warrens- 
burg. William H. was born April 16, 1868; he 
now farms a tract of land near Valley City, this 

There were very few settlers in this township 
when Mr. Freeman located here. The farm which 
he occupies had been rejected by all the pioneers 
as being too poor to work. He, however, has 

placed it under the best methods of cultivation, 
and now has one of the most productive tracts in 
the township. In 1892 our subject was elected 
Justice of the Peace of Montserrat Township on 
the Democratic ticket, serving a term of two years 
with entire satisfaction. While a resident of Ran- 
dolph County, Ind., he was Constable for one 
year. His second wife was a member in good 
standing of the Methodist Church, while his first 
companion was connected with the Dunkard 


GILBERT A. POTTERF, M. D., is one of 
LA the leading physicians of Center View, and 
/ I although his residence here has extended 
over a period of only six years, he numbers his 
friends by the score, and his ability to conquer 
disease and restore health to the suffering ones is 
so well understood in the localit}- in which he 
makes his home, as to make lengthy mention of 
his skill uiniecessary. He has conquered many 
difficulties in attaining his present position, and 
deserves great credit for his persevering and 
painstaking efforts. 

The subject of this sketch is a native of Ohio, 
and was born in Eaton, January 13, 1852. He 
was the eldest of seven children whose parents 
were William H. and Susan M. (Shideler) Pot- 
terf, and the family circle is yet unbroken by the 
hand of death. William H. Potterf was also 
born near Eaton, Ohio, in the year 1829, and was 
reared to the life of an agriculturist, following 
that calling the greater part of his life in his 
birthplace. He was a man much beloved for 
his many noble qualities, and his death was deep- 
ly mourned. His good wife, who is a native of 
Ohio, is still living and makes her home in Ard- 
more, Ind. T. 

Reared to manhood in the old home, A. A. 
Potterf received the rudiments of his education 
in the common schools. In 1866 he came with 
his parents to Missouri, locating in Warrensburg. 
They remained there but a short time, how- 



ever, soon locating on a farm about ten miles 
distant. Here, after one short year, the father 
died, February 29, 1868, and the management of 
the farm devolved on the young shoulders of our 
subject. It was here that he displayed the traits 
that have since been such a noted factor in his 
success, and taking hold with a will he succeeded 
in educating his younger brothers and sisters. 
Accomplishing this, he turned the management 
of the home farm over to a younger brother and 
gave his attention to finishing his own education. 

In the year 1884 our subject bought a cattle 
ranch in Oregon and, after stocking it, gave it 
into the hands of a brother; about the same time 
also he purchased a fench in Kansas and placed 
another brother in charge; but as cattle de- 
clined in value, both ventures proved disastrous. 
In 1879 he bought the home place and for some 
six years was engaged in its cultivation, also en- 
gaging in stock-raising. For two years prior to 
leaving the farm, he read medicine, and in 1887 
he entered the Missouri Medical College of Ho- 
meopathy, graduating from there March 14, 1889. 
Coming to Center View after his graduation, he 
began the practice of medicine and has built up 
one of the best paying practices in this section. 
He gives special attention to the treatment of can- 
cer and rectal troubles, and that he has been very 
successful in these lines may be seen from testi- 
monials from some of the best men in the state. 
He has establishea offices in Kansas City and St. 
Louis, and visits many other towns professionally. 

September 9, 1883, Miss Fannie L. Murray be- 
came the wife of our subject. She is the daugh- 
ter of David Murray, a prominent pioneer settler 
of this county. Mrs. Potterf began reading med- 
icine under the tutelage of her husband about 
three years ago, and in the fall of 1892 she en- 
tered the Kansas City Homeopathic College and 
will graduate from that institution this coming 
spring. She is a cultured and accomplished lady, 
and by becoming acquainted with the art of heal- 
ing will be a very valuable helpmate to her hus- 

To the union of Mr. and Mrs. Potterf have been 
born two daughters. Maggie, the elder daughter, 
is a bright little maiden of nine years; and Lulu 

is a sunshiny girl of seven. Politically our sub- 
ject affiliates with the Democratic party, and relig- 
iously is an active member of the Presbyterian 
Church. He is also identified with the Junior 
Order of American Mechanics. Benevolent en- 
terprises always receive his support, and no needy 
person is ever turned from his door. 

<d,^ ■ ^ --...^(^^.f. 

E LINTON J. RUCKER is one of the enter- 
prising young farmers of Johnson County, 
who, for the past eight years, has carried on 
farming in township 46, range 25. He is a self- 
made man, and received his start in life by in- 
vesting his earnings in a steam thresher, which he 
ran nine years, making $3,000 clear profit in that 
time. He is now President of the School Board 
No. 36, Union Prairie. In his political convic- 
tions he is a Democrat and a firm believer in the 
platform of the party. 

John Rucker, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Luray,- Rockingham County, W. Va., 
where he lived on a farm for many years. He 
also built boats and rafted lumber down the river. 
In 1855 he moved to Greene County, Ohio, 
where he bought a farm and lived until March, 
1873. Selling out his Ohio possessions, he start- 
ed for Missouri in the year last mentioned and 
settled on eighty acres of land which he had pre- 
viously bought in this county. The place was 
in what was known as the Gallahar Addition to 
Warrensburg, and there he continued to reside 
until his death, which occurred in 1887. He was 
prominent in that locality. His widow lived in 
Warrensburg until her demise, September 23, 
1893. Her maiden name was Mary J. Smith, and 
her birth occurred in the same county as that of 
her husband. She was one of eight children, 
only three of whom are now living: William, Jef- 
ferson and Mrs. Cheek, all large land-owners and 
farmers of Pike County, 111. The father had two 
brothers: Ambrose, a farmer in California; and 



Smith, who is a farmer and stock-raiser in Iowa; 
and three sisters, Julia, Peach}' and Mary, who 
live in Illinois. At the time of his death, John 
Rucker was the owner of eleven hundred acres 
of valuable farm land in this county. 

Clinton J. Rucker, who was born near Xenia, 
Ohio, on a farm, March 11, 1857, is the fourth in 
a family of ten children. The others are as fol- 
lows: Mary, the wife of Jesse T. Ellis, a mer- 
chant of Arrowsmith, 111.; Sarah, wife of John C. 
Earnhardt, a machinist of Grand Rapids, Mich.; 
Jennie, who married Dr. Alexander Smith, now of 
Pottersburg, Union County, Ohio; William, who 
first married Marj' Watkins, of Pike County, 111., 
and after her death was married, in Kansas City, 
to Ella Wyricks; Alice, deceased, wife of Henry 
T. Hitt, who is a farmer three miles southeast of 
Warrensburg; Frank, deceased, who married 
lyucy Whorton, now the wife of Edward Houx, 
of Center View; Rosalie, wife of Dr. Wesley Bol- 
ton, a graduate of St. Joseph (Mo.) Medical Col- 
lege, and now a resident of Siloam Springs, Ark. ; 
May, wife of J. O. McBride, a druggist of War- 
rensburg; and Annie E., Mrs. Harry Eear}^ also 
a resident of Siloam Spring, Ark. Lee F. grad- 
uated at the St. Louis Medical College, and later 
located in Center View, this county, where he 
practiced until his death. William, who is a 
master engineer of Kansas City, attends to the 
erection of steam machinery. 

On reaching his majority, C. J. Rucker left 
home to make his own livelihood, and for three 
years was employed by farmers in Greene County, 
Ohio. Later he bought and improved a farm of 
twenty-seven acres, paying therefor $75 per acre. 
He built a house, in which he continued to live 
for a short time and then sold out. January 13, 
1883, he emigrated westward, joining his brother, 
who had come to the vicinity of Warrensburg 
about six months previously. In March follow- 
ing their father came here with his family, and 
our subject lived with him until his marriage. 
For two years after that event he conducted a 
farm about a mile and a-half southeast of War- 
rensburg, after which he moved to a tract of forty 
acres twelve miles south of that city. Subsequent- 
ly he came to what is known as the Pratt Farm, 

buying a portion of his present possessions, which 
comprise two hundred and fifty-five acres. 

March 18, 1885, Mr. Rucker and vSadie E. 
Drummond were united in marriage. The lady 
was born in Guernsey Count}', Ohio, February 
16, 1858. She is one of eight children, whose 
parents were Samuel and Sarah (Tingle) Drum- 
mond, those beside herself being Albert, who 
married Eliza Day, and now lives in Warrens- 
burg; Theodore, who also lives in that city, and 
who married Georgia Gilliland, since deceased; 
Rowena, wife of Ezra Davies, a hardware mer- 
chant of Fayetteville, Ark.; Rhoda, Mrs. Rich- 
ard Fickas, of San Diego, Cal.; Joseph H., who 
is in the real-estate business in Aransas Pass, 
Tex.; William, of Los Angeles County, Cal.; 
and Edward, a civil engineer of San Diego, Cal. 
The father of these children was a cabinet-maker 
by trade, but after removing to Missouri, in 1867, 
gave his time to the management of his farm 
south of Warrensburg, where he died in July, 
1878. His wife surv-ived him until November, 

Three children have come to bless the home of 
Mr. and Mrs. C. J. Rucker, namely: Pearl, born 
February 6, 1886; Grace, September 3, 1887; 
and Mabel, November 16, 1889. Our subjectand 
his wife are not members of any church organi- 
zation, but contribute of their means to benevo- 
lent and religious purposes, and are interested in 
whatever tends to upbuild mankind. 

m^ ..M^. ^ 

(TOHN B. LAMPKIN, Justice of the Peace 
I and Notary Public, is a leading citizen of 
(*/ Kingsville. Politically he is a Democrat, 
but his personal popularity is shown by the fact 
that he has been Justice of the Peace for a period 
often years, during which period he has settled 
amicably more cases than any other man hold- 



ing a similar office. Beside fulfilling the duties 
incumbent on him, he also deals extensively in 
live stock, and altogether is a business man of 
well known ability. He was named after John 
Bell, at one time candidate for the Presidency, 
and a man whom his father greatly admired. 

Mr. Lampkin has been a resident of Kingsville 
since 1882, having come hither from Osage Coun- 
ty.- His father, Andrew Jackson L,ampkin, a 
namesake of "Old Hickory," was a farmer by 
occupation, following this industry for some time 
in connection with his trade as a stonemason. 
The earlier years of his life were passed in Will- 
iamson and Davidson Counties, Tenn., but at the 
present time he makes his home with our subject, 
being now seventy -five years of age. He left 
Tennessee in 1840, and, traveling across the line 
into Missouri, lived for a time at Jake Prairie. 
He later returned to the state of his birth, but in 
1854 we find him again a resident of Missouri, 
this time as a resident of Osage County. There 
he entered land on the Gasconade River, near 
Prior's Mills, under the "Bit Act," and on this 
made his home for many years. The property at 
that time was ahnost a wilderness, but he had the 
satisfaction of seeing the results of his arduous 
toil before disposing of the place, in the well cul- 
tivated fields and orchards which he planted. 

The mother of our subject, Rosama (Adams) 
Lampkin, was born in Baltimore, Md., in 1820, 
and lived until 1879, when she was called to her 
long home. Her children were four in number. 
Sarah Elizabeth, now the widow of Albert Davis, 
makes her home at Centropolis, Mo.; Frances is 
the wife of A. L- Goddard, of Kingsville; John B. 
was the next-born; and James H. is also a resi- 
dent of Kingsville. 

The original of this sketch was born in Will- 
iamson County, Tenn., November 5, 1848, on a 
farm eighteen miles southeast of Nashville, and 
seven miles east of Franklin. His birth occurred 
on the day General Taylor was elected President 
of the United States. He was reared to farm life, 
and remained in his native state until 1869, in the 
mean time being given opportunity for securing a 
limited education in the primitive schools of the 

During the winter of 1869-70, our subject 
packed his household goods in a wagon, and, to- 
gether with several other families bound for Tex- 
as, journeyed to within ten miles of Dallas, where 
he lived for one year. The following year found 
him a resident of Collin County, in northern Tex- 
as. Subsequently he lived at Armstrong Academy, 
the capital of the Choctaw Nation. In the fall of 
1873, however, he made his way to Osage County, 
this state, and was there employed in farming for 
five years. At the end of that time he was elected 
Constable, and moved with his family to Linn, 
the county seat. On the expiration of his term 
of office, he was appointed Deputy-Sheriff, hold- 
ing the office for two years. 

In the fall of 1882 Mr. Lampkin came to 
Kingsville, and for a time was engaged in the 
merchandise business in partnership with Ed 
King. Later, in company with his brother, he 
purchased a grain elevator, and after two years' 
experience in this line, sold out his interest in the 
enterprise and turned his attention exclusively to 
the stock business, and at the present time is 
one of the largest buyers in the county. 

Mr. Lampkin was married, in 1869, to Miss 
Lucy Davis, whose parents, Frederick and Cath- 
arine Davis, were born in Virginia. Prior to 
their marriage, they came West and .settled in 
St. Charles County, this state, where they were 
classed among its first residents. The children 
of our subject and his wife are three in number. 
Walter L- is engaged in teaching school at Miami; 
Ida is the wife of Eli Greaves, of Kansas City; 
and John Adams is attending school. 

Although in no sense of the term an office- 
seeker, our subject is greatly interested in the 
success of the Democratic party, with which he 
has always voted. He has been Justice of the 
Peace for ten years, and is now serving his sec- 
ond term as Notary Public. As Squire of this 
locality, he endeavors to adjust cases brought to 
him for settlement without litigation, which is a 
very commendable feature in his official conduct. 
He is a very close observer and a good judge of 
human nature, and keeps himself thoroughly in- 
formed on all topics of general interest. In con- 
versing with him one can hardly believe that he 



is self-made as regards his education, lie being well 
posted in science, philosophy, political economy 
and all kindred subjects. He belongs to the 
Christian Church, but is not sectarian, and is a 
man of strong convictions. As a loyal citizen, he 
never fails to acquit himself satisfactorily of the 
duties devolving upon him. 

(John T. GOODWIN. Until his death, 
I March 2, 1895, Mr. Goodwin was a well-to- 
(2) do farmer of Johnson County, owning a 
good homestead on section 11, township 45, range 
27. He was comparatively a new-comer in this vi- 
cinity, as he had lived here for less than fifteen 
years, but became very popular with his neigh- 
bors and acquaintances. He made a specialty of 
raising draft horses, for which he found a ready 
sale in the home markets. He embarked in his 
business on a moderate scale and became the pos- 
sessor of a good fortune. He made many im- 
provements on his farm and took an active part 
in everything relating to the advancement of this 
community. Though an ally of the Democracy , 
he never allowed his name to be used in connec- 
tion with a political position. 

John Goodwin, the father of our subject, was 
born in Staffordshire, England, about sixty-five 
years ago. His father, Thomas Goodwin, emi- 
grated to the United States with his family about 
1844, and died on land which he had purchased 
in Madison Count}', 111., a few years after his ar- 
rival there. While in England he was connected 
with an ironstone-china manufacturing concern. 
His wife died in 1842, in her eighty-second 5'ear. 
John Goodwin was a }outh of fourteen when he 
reached the United States. He had worked with 
his father in the flintmills and had partially 
learned the trade. When in his eighteenth year 
he entered the employ of the company that put up 
the first saw and grist mill at Bunker Hill. Al- 
ton being the nearest shipping point, he hauled 

a set of burrs from there to Bunker Hill by ox- 
team. He has lived in that locality up to the 
present time and owns a fine farm of two hun- 
dred and twenty acres in his home place. Alto- 
gether he is the po,ssessor of six hundred and for- 
ty acres, lying in Shelby and Macoupin Counties, 
111., and Johnson County, Mo. 

About 1853 John Goodwin married Elizabeth 
M. Wood, a descendant of an old pioneer family 
of Illinois, and born in Macoupin County, Febru- 
ary 3, 1835. Her ancestors crossed the Atlantic 
from England in 1753, and settled first in Tenn- 
essee, later moving to Kentucky, and thence to 
Illinois. In her girlhood days Mrs. Goodwin 
attended the Pleasant Hill School, in which her 
children subsequently received their education. 
Ten of the number grew to maturity, and James 
and Albert died in infancy. George E. is more 
fully referred to elsewhere in this work; John T. 
was the next in order of birth; Emma J. became the 
wife of James Hale, of Center View Township, this 
county; Frank A. is mentioned on another page 
in this volume; A. L- is a farmer of Bunker Hill 
Township, Macoupin County, 111.; W. W. is a 
resident of Madison Township, this county; Mary 
E. lives with her parents; Lillie Ann died in De- 
cember, 1884, when eighteen years of age; Hes- 
ter married Ernest Shrier, and is now deceased. 

John T. Goodwin was born April 29, 1857, 
near Bunker Hill, 111., and received a district- 
school education. He obtained a general knowl- 
edge of agricultural pursuits on his father's farm, 
where he lived until his marriage. That event 
occurred November 18, 1880, the lady of his 
choice being Sarah, daughter of James and Anne 
(Whitaker) Maguire, natives of County Fer- 
managh, Ireland. They settled in Pike County, 
111., in their early married days, and both died 
there. The mother departed this life when Mrs. 
Goodwin, was only an infant, and, as her father 
died eight years later, she was reared by an aunt. 
A little daughter, Lucy by name, has been born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Goodwin. 

Our subject was quite a geologist and had 
made a fine collection of fossils, Indian relics, etc. 
He was Master Workman in Center View Lodge 
No. 359, A. O. U. W., and represented the same 



in the Grand Lodge of the state. Mrs. Good- 
win is a member of the Christian Church, to 
which body her husband also belonged. Mr. 
Goodwin's death was caused by the accidental dis- 
charge of a gun, and his demise was mourned as 
a public loss. 


0R. JAMES A. HOUSTON, a well known 
physician and surgeon of Warrensburg, has 
made his home in this city .since 1887, prior 
to which time he lived for thirty-one years on a 
farm in Jackson Township, Johnson County, with 
the exception of eight years spent in Illinois. At 
an early age he took up the study of medicine, 
and from time to time utilized his knowledge 
among his friends and neighbors when his serv- 
ices were required, but had no intention of becom- 
ing a regular physician. In 1875 he went to 
Kansas City, where he took a course in the Col- 
lege of Physicians and Surgeons, graduating with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine in 1876. In 
1887 he went to New York City, where he took 
a course in the New York Post-Graduate School, 
in order to fiirther qualify himself for his profes- 
sional labors. 

The parents of our subject were Stephen C. 
and Amelia A. (Yeager) Houston, natives of Ken- 
tucky and Virginia, respectively. The father set- 
tled on a farm in 1818 and continued there until 
his death, in 1861. He was born August 14, 
1795, and served under General Henry in the 
War of 18 1 2, for which he received land-warrants, 
afterwards sold by his son, the Doctor. He was 
a Whig, and a man who abhorred political 
intrigues. He was a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and was influential in the 
building of a brick house of worship on the site 
of an old log meeting-house which had been put 
up through the efforts of his father. Mrs. Ame- 
lia Houston died in 1866, leaving eight children, 
of whom James A. is the fifth in order of birth. 
Dr. Houston was born in Scott County, Ky., 

August 19, 1831, and passed his youth on his fa- 
ther's farm. When he was about eighteen years 
of age he began teaching in the home district, at 
the same time pursuing higher studies. For 
some time he attended Pleasant Green Academy, 
where he took up the studies of algebra, survey- 
ing, etc. November 17, 1853, he married Mar- 
garet Glenn, also of Scott County. She was 
called to her final rest in 1886, at her home in 
Johnson County. The record of her children is 
as follows: James M., born October 22, 1854, died 
August 30, 1874; Leslie B., born March 16, 1856, 
died 11, 1881, in Jackson County, Mo., 
leaving a wife and two children; Andrew Lee, 
born in this county, July 19, 1858, is a minister 
in the Southern Methodist Episcopal Church in 
Henry County, Mo., and is married and has five 
children; Stephen, born October 16, i860, died 
September 11, 1865, in Macon County, 111.; Al- 
len Fletcher, who was born October 20, 1862, 
and who lives on our subject's farm, is married 
and has two children; William Edwin, born in 
Macon County, 111., January 27, 1865, died in 
Trinidad, Colo., October 22, 1891; Charles C, a 
native of Macon County, 111., born January 10, 

1867, is a shoe merchant in this city; Maggie 
Blanche, born in. Macon County, 111., October 24, 

1868, died March 19, 1869; Edgar, born January 
17, 1870, is a teacher and Principal of the Lin- 
coln (Benton County, Mo.) schools; Laura Watts, 
born February 20, 1873, died at Rocky Ford, 
Colo., June 25, 1891; and Luella Daily, born in 
this county, December 16, 1874, is at home. 

When he was twenty-four years of age, Dr. 
Houston moved to this county, and in October, 
1856, invested in land. For a few years his time 
was employed in farming and teaching, but in 
1863 he moved to Macon County, 111., where he 
followed the same occupations for eight years. 
He built up a good reputation as a teacher, and 
received as high as $75 per month. In 1871, 
having sold his Illinois property and doubled his 
money, he returned to his former homestead, 
which he still owns. In order to afford better 
educational advantages for his children, he moved 
to Warrensburg in 1887, and has succeeded in 
establishing himself in a good practice. 



His first Presidential ballot was given to Gen- 
eral Scott, and in i860 he voted for Bell and Ev- 
erett, since which time he has been a Democrat. 
In 1894 he was elected County Coroner, and on 
the ver>' day that he received his commission 
held an inquest at Kingsville. While living in 
Illinois he served for seven years as Justice of the 
Peace, his commission being made out by Gov- 
ernor Oglesby. Soon after reaching his major- 
ity, he became a member of Pike Lodge No. 292, 
A. F. & A. M., and in Harristown, 111., was a 
charter member of Summit Lodge No. 436, of 
which he was Master for eight successive years. 
While a member of Anderson Lodge at Chapel 
Hill, Mo., he held various oflBces, among others 
that of Master. He was also a charter member 
of a lodge in Holden, and held the ofiice of Mas- 
ter, but this lodge perished during the war. 

June 16, 1887, Dr. Houston married Mrs 
Mary C. Dunn, 7iee Cameron, a native of this 
state. They are both members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church South. 



IILLIAM B. WALLACE. When the re- 
liable and successful farmers of Johnson 
County are being mentioned, the subject 
of this narrative is invariably called to mind. He 
possesses those qualities most needed in an agri- 
cultural communitj-, and discharges his duties, 
both as a citizen and a tiller of the soil, in such a 
manner as to win the friendship of the people. His 
estate, which is located near Kingsville, lies on 
section 30, township 46, range 48. In addition 
to owning this splendid farm he is \'ice-President 
of the Kingsville Bank. Mr. Wallace has always 
lived in Johnson County, and as the proprietor of 
four hundred and eighty acres of fine land, he is 
regarded as one of the wealthy residents of the 
county. He makes a specialtj- of raising Poland- 
China hogs and fancy poultry. 

The father of our subject was H. L. Wallace, a 
prominent physician of this country, who de- 

parted this life in 1868. He was born in Virginia 
in 1836, and after attending lectures at the Uni- 
versity of Michigan, at Ann Arbor, was gradu- 
ated therefrom in March, 1855. During the Civil 
War he was Assistant Surgeon of the Thirty- 
third Illinois Infantn,', in which position he gave 
entire satifaction, but was obliged to abandon 
the work, as he was taken sick while in the South. 
He was confined in the hospital at Meridian, 
Miss., and while delirious stepped out of a win- 
dow, sustaining injuries which doubtless had 
much to do with his early demise, although his 
death was supposed to have resulted from con- 

Dr. H. L. Wallace was married to Mary A. 
Chapman, October 4, 1859. The mother was 
born in Kentucky, in 1832, and is now living 
with our subject. The only child born of their 
union was William B., of this sketch. His birth 
occurred on the home farm in this county, No- 
vember 28, i860. Farming has always been his 
vocation in life, and in this industry he has been 
remarkably successful. He was elected Vice- 
President of the Kingsville Bank on its organiza- 
tion, and his advice and judgment are much re- 
lied upon in the administration of the affairs of 
the bank. He is also one of the Directors in the 
Johnson County Agricultural and Mechanical As- 
sociation, and has been connected with the or- 
ganization since its inception, fourteen years ago. 
He is enterprising in all that he does, and is an 
efficient organizer, and a man possessing execu- 
tive ability of a high order. Although active in 
Democratic circles, Mr. Wallace has no time for 
office-holding. He owns valuable real estate in 
Kingsville, and besides the farm already men- 
tioned has another estate west of town, which he 
owns in partnership with Judge Fryer. With 
his wife he is a member of the Cumberland Pres- 
byterian Church, in which body he is one of the 
Trustees. They give liberally to the support of 
the same, and are always ready to lend a helping 
hand to the needy. 

Our subject and his wife were married January 
4, 1883, and to them have been born three chil- 
dren, Cliffie, Edith and Frank B., who are all at 
home. Mrs. Wallace, who was known in maiden- 



hood as Jennie Hogan, was born in Johnson 
County, in which section her parents, David and 
Mary (Givens) Hogan, now live, owning a fine 
farm on section 32, township 46. The maternal 
grandparents of Mrs. Wallace were Robert and 
Carissa (Davis) Givens, while on her father's side 
she is the granddaughter of Wilkinson and Mary 
(Lane) Hogan. Wilkinson Hogan was one of 
the early settlers of this county, and took an 
active part in its organization, doing his full share 
in its improvement. Through his influence many 
enterprises were inaugurated which have made 
this section a pleasant place in which to live. He 
was born in Knox County, Ky., whence he came 
to Mi.ssouri in 1831, conveying his household 
goods hither in a wagon drawn by a yoke of 
oxen, and first settled in Lafayette County, but 
six years later we find him living in Johnson 
County. He was very successful in all his un- 
dertakings, and at the time of his death, in 1881, 
was the owner of one thousand acres of good 
farming land. David Hogan, the father of Mrs. 
Wallace, is a native of this county, and was born 
June 10, 1839. 


the self-made men of Johnson County, and 
one of the most prominent citizens of town- 
ship 45, range 27. After the war he invested 
what money he could raise in sixty-three acres of 
land, a part of his extensive farm, which has 
within its boundaries about four hundred and 
eighty acres. He has always made it his plan in 
life to pay cash for everything which he buys, or 
else do without. He has worked industriously 
and perseveringly and has bravely surmounted 
all difficulties in his pathway. In the ranks of 
the local Democracy, he has been a leader for 
many years and a factor in its success. He has 
served on the Central Committee, and is looked 
upon as an authority on questions of public im- 
portance. For some twenty years he has acted 

in the capacity of School Director. When the 
creamery company of Center View was organ- 
ized, he was one of its promoters, and is now its 
President, and besides this he has been connect- 
ed with almost every enterprise in the county. 

John G. Graham, father of the gentleman just 
mentioned, was born in Wytheville, Va., July 6, 
181 1. He grew to manhood in that vicinity and 
was brought up as a farmer. In 1833 he emi- 
grated with his parents to this state, and here 
passed the remainder of his life. He continued 
to live with his parents until his marriage, which 
occurred December 21, 1837. The lady of his 
choice was Nancy E. Hobson, who was born 
February 5, 1822, in Lafayette County, Mo., and 
is still living and in the enjoyment of good health. 
Her parents, Joseph and Rachel (Barnett) Hob- 
son, were early settlers of this county, having lo- 
cated a mile southeast of where Fayetteville now 
stands. They were strict members of the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church, and the resources 
of their household were taxed to the utmost at 
the annual camp-meetings held in their neighbor- 
hood in early years. To Mr. and Mrs. John G. 
Graham were born eleven children, all but three 
of whom are yet living. Mary Margaret is now 
living in Kansas; J. C. is engaged in farming 
near Ft. Smith, Ark.; Robert B. is the next in 
order of birth; Helen A., widow of Ribert Hug- 
gins, lives with her mother; Susan E. married 
John M. Barnett, a stock-raiser and dealer of 
Lafayette County, Mo. ; Sarah C. is the wife of 
John Huggins, of Center View; Nancy A is the 
wife of Perry Houx, who owns a farm three miles 
north of Center View; and John S. operates the 
old homestead. J. H., born in 1844, died Sep- 
tember II, 1894. W. S., of Cherokee County, 
Kan., was drowned in the Missouri River in the 
fall of 1894. Louisa C, who died August 25, 
1894, was the wife of Rev. Frank Russell. 

In 1834 John G. Graham entered one hundred 
and sixty acres in township 45, range 27. In 
time he bought additional tracts of land, until at 
his death his estate comprised five hundred and 
forty acres. He possessed the sturdy and fearless 
qualities necessary to the pioneer, and met all 
misfortunes bravely. His death, which occurred 



July 3, 1878, was felt to be a public loss, and his 
old friends and neighbors still hold his memor)' 

The birth of Robert B. Graham took place on 
his father's farm a little over a mile southwest of 
Center View, Johnson County, Octobers, 1842. 
Much of his boyhood was passed on his grandfa- 
ther's farm, but when he was fourteen years old 
he returned to his father's rooftree. He attended 
school when there was any held in the neighbor- 
hood and worked at farming until the outbreak 
of the war. In 1861 he enlisted in Captain Cun- 
ningham's company of enrolled militia, and en- 
gaged in fighting bushwhackers and guerrillas. 
After a time he enlisted in Company A, Seventh 
Missouri State Militia, a regiment that probably 
did more active fighting than any other of the 
state troops. Mr. Graham was mustered out 
July II, 1865, at St. Louis, having participated 
in the battles with Price and Shelby at Jefferson 
City, Big and Little Blue and Mine Creek, where 
Mamiaduke was captured. Though he had many 
narrow escapes, he was neither taken prisoner nor 

December 2, 1866, R. B. Graham and Nancy J. , 
daughter of Ambrose L. King, were united in 
marriage. She is a native of this county, and 
was one of our subject's schoolmates; her broth- 
er, J. B. King, whose sketch is given elsewhere 
in this volume, was a member of his company 
during the war. Eleven children were born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Graham, namely: Ella, who is now 
attending the Woman's Medical College in St. 
Louis; Charles, manager of the creamery com- 
pany of Center View; Albert R., a graduate of 
the Gem City Business College of Quincy, 111.; 
George B., a graduate of the State Normal at 
Warrensburg, and now teaching his second term 
in the Houx District; Oscar M., a student at the 
State Normal; Horace Guy, a schoolboy; and 
Jesse K., Robert Paul and Lora, who are at 
home. Mattie and Stella were six and eleven 
years old, respectively, at the time of their death. 

Mr. and Mrs. Graham, and all of their children 
but the two youngest, are members of the Cum- 
berland Presbyterian Church. For twenty years 
our subject has been an Elder in the congrega- 

tion, and in 1894 it was his privilege to attend 
the General Assembly in Oregon. In his social 
relations he is a member of the Ancient Order of 
United Workmen. 

WILSON A. CAMPBELL, of Holden, was 
born in Lafayette County, this state, No- 
vember 10, 1830, and is a son of Tandy and 
Mary (Wright) Campbell, both of whom were 
natives of Virginia, where they were married and 
where three children were born. From Virginia 
the family removed to Warren County, Ky., soon 
after the War of 1812, in which the father was a 
soldier. From Kentucky the family removed to 
Lafayette County, Mo., in 1828, and were thus 
numbered among the pioneers of that county. 
Here Tandy Campbell entered land from the Gov- 
ernment, and here the family lived until the death 
of the father, in 1845, at the age of sixty-five 
years. There were ten children, one of whom 
died in infancy. Of this number all had left the 
parental home except two at the death of the fa- 
ther, our subject being one of those. 

Soon afterward Wilson A. Campbell commenced 
life for himself, working on a farm for the sum of 
$7 per month. With part of his wages he pur- 
chased books, and in winter he attended school, 
paying his tuition and working for his board until 
he was eighteen years of age. He then entered 
forty acres of land in Johnson County, for which 
he paid the Government price of $1.25 per acre. 
The purchase money he earned b}^ working by 
the month. On securing his land, he at once 
commenced its improvement, but in the spring of 
1850 he sold out and made the trip overland to 
California, fitting out an ox-team with the monej^ 
he received for his land. He was five months 
and thirteen days on the way. 

On arriving at California our subject at once 
commenced mining at Diamond Springs, and con- 
tinued during the first winter. He had fair suc- 
cess, and the next spring went to Georgetown, 
Cal., where he also engaged in mining for a few 



months, and then went to Horse Shoe Bend, on 
the American River, where he bought some 
claims, which took all his money. He was unsuc- 
cessful in this region and was compelled to aban- 
don the claims. Going down the river to Yankee 
Slide, he remained in that vicinitj' for four months, 
and there made some monej-. He then went to 
Weaver Creek, at a place called Coon Hollow, 
though sometimes called Hangtown. He soon 
afterward left for San Francisco, and from there 
started home by the Panama route. They were 
shipwrecked at the Gulf of Tehuantepec, and 
blown from land out into the ocean five hundred 
miles, losing nearly everything they had to eat 
or drink. The ship's pumps would not work and 
the entire crew and pas,sengers were compelled to 
bale the water out of the vessel. They finally 
drifted back and landed in Central America. 
They crossed the country by jack mules to Lake 
Nicaragua, from where they proceeded to Gray- 
town, where they took ship for Havanna, thence 
to New Orleans, and from there home by way of 
St. Louis. They were fourteen days making the 
trip from New Orleans to St. Louis, and seven 
days from the latter place to Lexington. 

On arriving home, Mr. Campbell was in posses- 
sion of $i,ioo, his trip costing him $500. He 
was then in his twenty-second year. Before set- 
tling down to business, he made a trip through 
the Indian country on horseback, being gone 
from home about three months. On his return 
to Johnson County he purchased one hundred 
and twenty acres of land, on which he made his 
home. On the 13th of March, 1853, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Louisa Hodges, of John- 
son County, but a native of Lincoln County, 
Ky., and a daughter of Capt. Moses and Nancy 
(Wright) Hodges. Her father was a native of 
Georgia, and had served as a Captain in the War 
of 1812. Her mother was born in Virginia. Her 
father went to Kentucky soon after the War of 
181 2, where he married and lived until 1S45, when 
the family moved to John.son County, Mo. 

At the time of the breaking out of the Civil 
War, Mr. Campbell was possessed of four hun- 
dred and forty acres of land, which he was farm- 
ing. In November, 1861, he was taken prisoner 

by James H. Lane and his followers, and stripped 
of nesLTly all his personal property. After keep- 
ing him prisoner for a time they turned him loose, 
and he then went South and joined General Price, 
and was with him at the battle of Springfield, 
then south to Tennessee. He served in the com- 
missary department, with the rank of Captain. 
He was in all the engagements of his regiment, 
including Pea Ridge and Bentonville. His regi- 
ment being united with others, the General, with 
his staff, were ordered to report to General Raines 
at Little Rock, Ark., from which place they went 
to Ft. Smith, then back to Missouri to hold a 
crossing on the Missouri River, but got into a 
fight at Lone Jack, after which the recruits re- 
turned to Arkansas, where the regiment was re- 
organized as an infantry regiment under General 
Parsons, and served under him until the close of 
the war. Mr. Campbell took part in all the en- 
gagements in the trans-Mississippi region, includ- 
ing Perr}' Grove, Helena, Pleasant Hill, La., and 
Jenkins' Ferry. He was at Freeport, La., when 
his regiment surrendered to the Ninety-ninth Illi- 
nois Infantr}', some time after Lee's surrender. 
The division of which his regiment formed a part 
was the last to surrender. 

On being paroled, Mr. Campbell returned to 
his home, having been absent and not seeing his 
wife for three and a-half years. Soon after his 
return he sold one hundred and sixty acres of his 
land in order to secure money with which to com- 
mence life again. He continued to operate his 
home farm until 1875, when, in partnership with 
J. D. Parks, he purchased a sheep ranch in Cow- 
ley County and Chautauqua County, Kan. He 
also bought and sold mules, and in the two lines 
of business made considerable money. He closed 
out his business there in 1880. 

Since the war Mr. Campbell has added to his 
farm land, and now owns over six hundred acres. 
In 1883 he removed to Holden, where he now re- 
sides, and where he has a lovely home. Politi- 
cally he is a Democrat, and cast his first Presi- 
dential ballot in 1852 for Franklin Pierce. He 
has served as delegate to district and congression- 
al conventions a number of times, but has never 
held office. He and his wife are members of the 




Cumberland Presbyterian Church, to which he 
has belonged since 1859. He has served as Elder, 
and formerlj- was an active Sundaj^-school work- 
er. In the fall of 1891 he took a trip to Cali- 
fornia, and there remained during the winter fol- 
lowing. They also visited the World's Fair in 
Chicago, and also the New Orleans Exposition. 
They take a trip occasionally and try to get some 
enjoyment out of life. 

<1AMES F. MITCHELL. The life of this 
I gentleman furnishes an example of what a 
Q) man with brains and business ability can ac- 
complish by persistence, sagacity and industry. 
His career in its practical results is an encourage- 
ment to every struggling young man who has 
ambition and resolution and a genius for hard 
work. The seed that he has sown has fallen upon 
good ground and has grown and brought forth 
an hundredfold. He is at present one of the 
largest land-owners and successful agriculturists 
of Pettis County, owning six hundred and sixty 
acres, lying on section 36, township 44, range 23, 
section 7, township 43, range 22, and section 12, 
township 43, range 23. 

Our subject was born in Caldwell County, Ky., 
January 5, 1827, and was the third child born to 
Cader and Martha (Nichols) Mitchell. The fa- 
ther was born in Bertie County, N. C, and was 
there reared and educated. Upon attaining his 
twenty-eighth year he emigrated to the Blue 
Grass State, and there engaged in agricultural 
pursuits on his own account. He was possessed 
of good business ability, which he showed in his 
wise investment in land, and continued to make 
his home in Kentucky until his decease, which 
occurred in 1856. He was a stanch Whig in 

Mrs. Martha Mitchell was born in Caldwell 
County, Ky., in which state she passed all the 
years of her life, dying several years prior to the 
decease of her husband. There being few schools 

in the neighborhood of her home, her son, our 
subject, had limited advantages for obtaining an 
education, only attending the house of learning 
about a year and a-half until after arriving at 
man's estate. He was, however, thoroughly 
trained in the business of farming, and was at 
home working on the old place when the strife 
between Mexico and the United States began. 
Young Mitchell, though not twenty-one years of 
age, enlisted, in 1847, becoming a member of 
Company G, Fourth Kentucky Infantry, and 
creditably served his country for a year. He was 
mustered out at Louisville, Ky., in July, 1848, 
and, returning home, worked on the farm for the 
following twelve months. 

In 1850 our subject came to Missouri, stopping 
first in Hickory County, where he made it his 
first duty to attend school. After six months 
spent in the schoolroom, he began working out 
on farms near Osceola, and two months thereafter 
we find him en route for Kansas City. There he 
engaged to go as teamster to New Mexico, his 
destination being Santa Fe. After making two 
trips that season over the pis ins, he returned to 
his home in the Blue Grass region and made a 
visit. The gold excitement in California was at 
its height about this time, and, again coming to 
Mi-ssouri, Mr. Mitchell procured a wagon and 
oxen with which to' make the trip to that state. 
This was in 1852, and he worked in the mines 
for six years. Unlike many who went to Cali- 
fornia at that time, he was successful, and when 
ready to return was the possessor of $8,028, which 
was about that much more than he had on his ar- 
rival there. 

In 1858 Mr. Mitchell again returned to Ken- 
tucky, but on this trip the old home seemed des- 
olate, as death had claimed his father for his own. 
He remained there one summer, and in 1859 
came again to this state in order to look up the 
claim which he had entered prior to his last trip 
over the plains. February 14 of the following 
year he left Kentucky, and on the 21st of the 
same month made permanent location in Missouri. 
He at once took up his abode on a tract of land 
which forms a part of his large possessions at the 
present time, By his indefatigable push and en- 


ergy he added to his estate, until now he has six 
hundred and sixty acres of some of the finest 
land in this part of the state. 

As we have already made plain to the reader, 
he commenced in life empty-handed and has won 
prosperity and success through his own well di- 
rected efforts, being to-day one of the wealthiest 
farmers of this section. He has never joined the 
army of benedicts and still lives in single blessed- 
ness. In politics he is a stanch supporter of Dem- 
ocratic principles and is therefore opposed to 
monopolies. Although never aspiring to positions 
of public importance, he has been called upon on 
several occasions to represent his fellow-towns- 
men in offices of honor and trust. Socially he is 
prominent in the order of Odd Fellows, taking a 
great interest in the work of that body. 

Mr. Mitchell has met with some reverses in 
life, for soon after his return from California he 
loaned some $5,000 to parties in Kentucky, who 
upon the outbreak of the Civil War were wrecked 
financially and unable to pay the obligation. He 
also lost $1,200 in the purchase of a slave prior 
to the Rebellion. Mr. Mitchell is a member of 
the Christian Church, having affiliated with that 
body for about thirty years. 

>^ =^^^il-^"i^i 

HACOB SHELLER. About thirty years ago 
I this worthy old pioneer of Johnson County 
Qj) purchased a homestead on section 12, town- 
ship 44, range 29, and from that time until his 
death gave his entire energies to the development 
and improvement of his farm. To the original 
tract of one hundred and sixty acres he added an- 
other quarter-section, thus making a large and 
valuable piece of property, all in one body. Mr. 
Sheller, who was much esteemed by all who had 
the pleasure of his acquaintance, and who pos- 
sessed sterling characteristics, was called to the 
home beyond June 12, 1880. His widow, who 
is still hving at their old home, took charge of 
their home as administratrix, finished paying the 

amount due on the farm, and in 1883 built a fine 
residence. She is a lady of superior business 
talent, and has proved her ability by the manner 
in which she has managed her husband' s large 

Jacob Sheller was born in Crawford County, 
Ohio, December 29, 1828, and was reared to farm 
life. His father, Jacob, Sr., was born in Ger- 
many, and his mother, who in her girlhood bore 
the name of Mary Ambrosier, came from Penn- 
sylvania-Dutch stock. She married after the 
death of Mr. Sheller, which event occurred be- 
fore the birth of our subject. Young Sheller was 
taken to be brought up by his maternal grand- 
parents, though his home was not far distant from 
his mother's place of abode. 

While still a mere youth, Jacob Sheller com- 
menced learning the carpenter' s trade, and worked 
at the business for eight years. He became very 
skillful in all branches, including bridge-building, 
and always had plenty to do to keep up with his 
contracts. He received only a common-school 
education, but was a great reader and was parti- 
cularly fond of mathematics. He started out to 
make his own way with only $100 as capital, but 
soon accumulated a good fortune and financially 
was successful. ' In 1865 he moved with his fam- 
ily to this county , and was thenceforth closely as- 
sociated with its welfare. During the war he was 
drafted, but paid his assessment and thus escaped 
service. In politics he was a Republican, but 
was not fond of argument and contention on that 
or any other subject. 

January 6, 1859, Mr. Sheller was married, in 
Crawford County, Ohio, the lady of his choice 
being Eouisa White, a native of Richland Coun- 
ty, Ohio, born February 18, 1836. Her parents 
were Mahlon and Harriett (Gloyd) White, the 
former of whom was born March 17, 1813, in 
Ohio, and the latter in Virginia, July 8, 1813. 
Mrs. White moved to Richland County, Ohio, 
with her parents in her girlhood, and there met 
her future husband. Mrs. Sheller received a good 
education, attending the schools of Cold Water, 
Mich., and began teaching when she was only 
thirteen years of age, as she was solicited to take 
charge of a school. From that time until she 



was married she continued in the profession, 
missing only one summer term. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Sheller were born four children, the eldest of 
whom, Hattie, born October 20, 1859, married 
L D. Stall, January 29, 1884, and lives in Cross, 
Okla. ; they have had three children, Johnny Cla}'- 
ton, who died in infancy; Charles Voorhees, born 
September 25, 1887; and Louisa Cassandra, Au- 
gust 22, 1894. John, born March 17, 1862, in 
Crawford County, Ohio, lives at home and takes 
charge of the farm. Like his father before him, he 
is quite an expert in mathematics and is a good 
student. Charlie, born in this county, July 25, 
1874, is attending school at Chillicothe, Mo.; and 
Mary, twin sister of Charles, died at the age of 
thirteen months. 

In personal appearance Mr. Sheller was a fine 
looking man, about five feet, five inches in height, 
and weighed about one hundred and seventy -five 
pounds. He had black hair, fair skin and blue 
eyes, and though he was retiring and quiet in 
manner, made many friends. He was known to 
be thoroughly honorable in all his transactions 
and possessed the confidence of his neighbors and 


HON. ROBERT T. FRYER. It is safe to 
say that no one is more popular in Kings- 
ville than is this distinguished gentleman, 
who has made his home here for a quarter of a 
centur}'. He is President of the bank of Kings- 
ville, and in addition to this is engaged in gen- 
eral farming about three miles from town. 

James H. Fryer, father of our subject, who was 
a native of Kentucky, moved to Howard County, 
Mo., about 1826; a few years later he went to 
Cooper County, where, until 1849, he worked at 
his trade of a brickmason, and also carried on a 
farm. That year, the gold excitement in Cali- 
fornia being at its height, he made the journey to 
that state overland, and on the return trip was 
seized with the cholera, on board an Atlantic 

steamer, and died, aged forty-two years. He 
married Margaret McCulloch, a native of Virgin- 
ia, where she was born in 18 12. She is now liv- 
ing, and although eighty-three years old, is still 

The original of this sketch was the eldest son 
and second child born to his parents. Christina, 
widow of R. M. George, lives in Kingsville; Lina 
is deceased; Mary Ann, the wife of E. W. Eee, 
makes her home in Texas; Zerelda, the wife of 
James Douglas, is a resident of this county; and 
Martha J., the wife of J. F. Howeth, makes her 
home in Kingsville. Robert T. was born in 
Cooper County, Mo., April 23, 1835. He was 
earl}' trained to habits of industry and economy 
on the home farm, and when ready to begin life 
on his own account chose agriculture as his vo- 
cation. The rudiments of his education were ob- 
tained in the common schools, and when only 
nineteen years of age he was given a certificate to 
teach . 

On the death of his father the responsibilities 
of the family fell upon the shoulders of our sub- 
ject, who bravely assumed the care of the house- 
hold. He continued to manage the home place, 
finding farming both a congenial and remunera- 
tive occupation. May 16, 1861, he was married 
to Alice Taliaferro, whose birth also occurred in 
Cooper County, this state, in 1843. Her father, 
James G. Taliaferro, was a Kentuckian by birth, 
and was a typical Southern gentleman. Her 
mother's maiden name was Lucy A. Woodard. 

Mr. Fryer remained on the homestead until 
1867, when he purchased a farm three miles from 
this city, on which he has continued to reside 
ever since. In 1890 the bank of Kingsville was 
organized, and of this he is now President and 
the principal stockholder. In 1874 he was elect- 
ed a member of the Legislature on the Democrat- 
ic ticket, and during his term represented his dis- 
trict with credit to himself and satisfaction to his 
constituents. He is a very careful and conserva- 
tive business man, and is pointed out as a fine 
example of the self-made man. In 1883 he was 
elected Associate Judge of the County Court, 
serving a term of four years in that important 
position. On the expiration of that time he was 



elected Presiding Judge, and during his adminis- 
tration conducted the affairs of his office in a man- 
ner satisfactory to all concerned. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fryer are the parents of six chil- 
dren, namely: Bertie May, now the wife of T. C. 
Creel, of Kingsville Township; Lulu; Lina; 
James, who resides in Lipscomb, Tex. ; Margaret; 
and Alice. Socially our subject is a prominent 
Mason, having attained the Royal Arch degree 
after the organization of the Blue Lodge at Kings- 
ville in 1869. He was under dispensation ap- 
pointed Master, and by re-election has filled the 
chair much of the time since. Mr. Fryer belongs 
to the Universalist Church, while his wife is a 
member of the Christian Church. She is a most 
worth)' lady, always responding to any and all 
demands upon her that she deems worthy of sup- 
port, and both she and her husband enjoy the 
confidence and esteem of the entire neighborhood. 


(John j. Campbell, a. b., Profes.sor of 

I English in the State Normal School at War- 
v2/ rensburg, Mo., has long been recognized as 
one of the leading educators of the state. For 
the past twenty years he has been connected with 
the normal, his work being now more specialized 
than it was at first. He is a great student, and 
by years of research has fitted himself well for 
his position in one of the best colleges not only of 
this state, but of any of the Western States. Fre- 
quently he has written articles of great merit 
and practical ability for educational associations 
and for teachers' journals. 

Professor Campbell was born in Huntingdon, 
Pa., October 5, 1840, and is of Scotch descent. 
His father, Samuel Campbell, born in 1819, is 
still living at Port Royal, Pa., and is a native of 
the Keystone State. He was reared on a farm, 
but at a very early age engaged in teaching, con- 
tinuing in that vocation until his retirement from 
active life. At inter^^als he taught in the public 

schools and in academies. When his soivj. J. 
was preparing for college, he held a chair in Miln- 
wood Academy, at Shade Gap, in Huntingdon 

At the age of twenty years our subject gradu- 
ated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts from 
what was then known as Jeflferson College, but 
which is now styled the Washington and Jeflfer- 
son College of Cannonsburg, Pa. Later he en- 
tered the Western Theological Seminary at Alle- 
gheny City, Pa., and studied there for two years. 
Subsequently he enlisted in the United States 
Signal Service, remaining in the Government 
employ for one year and a-half, at the end of 
which time he and his companions were organ- 
ized into a kind of scouting party, and went on 
the march to the sea and also through the Caro- 
linas. He was honorably discharged at Louis- 
ville, Ky., August 22, 1865, and at once returned 
to finish his theological course. He had become 
identified with the Presbyterian Church and had 
acceded to his parents' desire that he should en- 
ter the ministry, but when he returned from the 
army he was not strong, and instead of preaching 
he began to teach. About that time he accepted 
the offer of a position in a female seminary at 
Hollidaysburg, Pa., and afterwards became Prin- 
cipal of an academy at Richland, 111., but had to 
resign that position on account of his health. 
After recuperating for some time at home, he 
went to take a professorship at Academia, Pa., 
believing that life in the mountains would be 
beneficial. It was in September, 1867, that he 
went there, and during the three years of his stay 
his hopes were realized. 

August 22, 1870, Mr. Campbell married R. 
Annie French, of Philadelphia, Pa. She was 
born in New Albany, Ind., in 1838, and came of 
New England stock. Soon after their marriage 
the young couple started for Warrensburg, where 
Mr. Campbell had been elected to serve as Prin- 
cipal of the public schools. About five years aft- 
er his graduation he had received the degree of 
Master of Arts from his Alma Mater. Some five 
years he was Principal of the city schools, and 
then, in the fall of 1875, became an instructor in 
the normal, with which he has since been con- 



nected. His wife died in June, 1877, leaving 
two children. Edith M. , who graduated from the 
normal in the Class of '94, has finished the musi- 
cal course in that school; and James E. is now a 
student in the University of New York City. 
In 1880 Professor Campbell married Eliza M. 
Smith, of Little Rock, Ark. She was born in 
this county, February 2, 1859, and was a student 
in the normal. She is a natural musician and 
has received special instruction in that line. She 
inherited her talent from her father, and her only 
child, Laurence, who was born September 2, 
1S82, also possesses musical ability of a high or- 

Though his father was an ally of the Demo- 
cratic party, our subject is quite liberal in his 
ideas relating to politics. His first ballot was 
cast for General Grant, and he prefers to vote for 
worthy men rather than party machines. A 
member of the Presbyterian Church, he has served 
as an Elder since 1878. 

ROBERT H. HOLMES, one of the promi- 
nent and influential farmers of Johnson Coun- 
ty, resides on section 4, township 44, range 
25. He was born in Rockbridge County, Va., 
June 15, 1834, and is a son of Benjamin A. 
and Sarah A. (Douglas) Holmes. The maternal 
grandfather, John Douglas, was a native of Lou- 
isiana, where he married, but later removed to 
Rockbridge County, Va., where he carried on 
the lumber business and also engaged in farming, 
owning at one time thirty thousand acres of land, 
and at his death was a very wealthy man. The 
paternal grandfather, who was born in Maryland, 
there wedded Christine Holmes, and, taking her 
to Virginia, there lived until his death, which was 
caused by being thrown from a horse. His wife 
then lived with the father of our subject until her 
death. By her marriage she became the mother of 
five children. Jane married Vincent Taggart, 
but both are now deceased; Polly wedded Doug- 

las B. Lane, State Senator from Allegheny Coun- 
ty, Pa., and both died in that county; Martha 
married Elihu Baggs, but both have passed away; 
John died in 1843; and Benjamin A. completed 
the family. 

On the 4th of May, 1804, the father of our sub- 
ject was born in Rockbridge County, Va., where, 
in 1830, he married Miss Sarah A. Douglas, also 
of the same county. He became a pioneer of 
Johnson County, Mo., in 1848, having come here 
on horseback with his brother-in-law, Robert H. 
Douglas. He had never before heard of the 
county, but in passing through stopped and pur- 
chased six hundred and fifteen acres at $4 per 
acre in the vicinity of High Point Church, known 
as the J. E. Shocky Farm. Returning to Vir- 
ginia, he sold his farm there, and purchased two 
wagons, in which he packed his goods, and with 
his wife, children and colored servants started for 
Missouri. They came by way of St. Louis and 
Rocheport, landing here in October, 1848, and 
built a log house, near by being a log church, 
which they attended. Improving the place was 
at once begun, and the father was the first man to 
bring a McCormick Mower into the county. He 
there made his home until 1867, when he sold 
the farm and purchased eighty acres near where 
our subject now resides. At the end of five years 
he also .sold that place, removing to Warrensburg, 
where his wife died October 13, 1874, and he then 
made his home with his daughter in the same 
city. His death occurred at the home of another 
daughter, Mrs. Donavan, on the 12th of Decem- 
ber, 1892, and was deeplj^ and sincerely mourned. 

In the family were nine children. Mary J., 
widow of John L. Wall, lives in Medicine Lodge, 
Kan. ; Robert H. is next in order of birth; Martha 
is the wife of Thomas Caldwell, a lumber mer- 
chant of Warrensburg; John W. married Julia 
Caldwell, and is now engaged in fanning in Ok- 
lahoma; Editha, wife of Dennis Donavan, resides 
in Warrensburg; Sallie D. wedded James P. Hall, 
a farmer and banker of Medicine Lodge, Kan.; 
James R. is a farmer and stock-raiser, living near 
^Etna, Kan.; Dr. Benjamin F. , a resident of Ver- 
non County, Mo., married Miss Anna Hoffman, 
who is now deceased; and Nancy, wife of John 



Runyan, lives in Medicine Lodge. The children 
all received good common-school educations, and 
the two youngest attended the normal at War- 

Robert H. Holmes, whose name opens this 
review, remained under the parental roof until 
twenty-two years of age, when he began freight- 
ing across the plains. In 1855 he was employed 
by the contractor under the Government to haul 
freight from Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., to Ft. Union, 
N. M., a distance of eight hundred and fifty 
miles. On arriving at the latter place he there 
remained, while part of the train went farther 
south, and for his services first received $25, and 
afterward $50, per month. The train consisted 
of twenty-six wagons, with six yoke of oxen to 
each. The second trip was to Ft. Riley, Kan., 
in 1855, a distance of one hundred and fifty miles, 
and the following year he went to Ft. Kearne}', 
Neb. In August, 1856, he started for Ft. Laramie, 
Wyo., but before reaching that place they were 
caught in a snow storm and lost several head of 
cattle. The journey was not completed until 
Christmas, when more oxen were sent them, but 
the following year he made the same trip in safe- 
ty, receiving $100 per month. In 1857 there was 
a call for volunteers to carry dispatches, and Mr. 
Holmes being one, he was sent from Ft. Leaven- 
worth to Ft. Laramie, a distance of eight hun- 
dred and fift}^ miles, riding on mules. In 1858 
he started for Ft. Kearney, but after proceeding 
only twenty miles was taken ill and had to return 
to Ft. Leavenworth, where he remained three 
months. For the remainder of the season he had 
charge of a herd of mules which were used for 
freighting across the plains. In the fall of that 
year he took a boat down the Missouri River to 
Lexington, Mo., and from there proceeded to 
Warrensburg by hack, remaining at home until 
the spring of 1859, when he returned to Leaven- 
worth, intending to conduct a train across the 
plains to Salt Lake City, Utah, but having to 
wait quite a while he returned home, where he 
was afterward taken ill. 

On the 14th of September, i860, Mr. Holmes 
was united in marriage with Miss Adellia Jane 
Caldwell, a native of Caldwell County, Ky., born 

September 26, 1843, ^"^ ^ daughter of William 
P. C. and Jane A. (Jackson) Caldwell, natives 
of the same county, where they were also married. 
The father was a farmer by occupation, but also 
preached the Gospel, being a minister of the 
Baptist Church. In 1845 he came to Johnson 
County, where he engaged in farming and preach- 
ing, and his death here occurred December 19, 
1875, while his wife had passed away on the 8th 
of November, 1874. 

Mr. Holmes entered the Confederate service, 
becoming a member of Company F, under Capt. 
James Gillette and General Parsons. With the 
company he then proceeded to Little Rock, later 
engaging in the battle of Prairie Grove, and was 
afterward taken ill at Ft. Smith, where his life 
was despaired of. When the Union men advanced 
on that city, he refused to remain in bed, but made 
his escape, following his company, walking until 
a friend of his, Henry Thistle, who was one of 
the rear guard, offered him his horse. On report- 
ing to the surgeons, he was sent to Little Rock, 
where he made application to be transferred to 
the cavalr}', which he afterward joined, being un- 
der Captain Murray and General Heinman, there 
remaining until the battle of Cape Girardeau, 
when he was appointed Sergeant- Major of the 
regiment commanded by Col. Robert Newton, 
and served with that title until the close of the 
war. From Camden, Ark., his company went to 
Helena, where a battle was fought, then went to 
Ironton, Mo., where they lost several men, and 
then on to Franklin County, where they engaged 
in a skirmish. At Jefferson City they tore up 
the railroad, then proceeded to Boonville, near 
which place Mr. Holmes' father was then living, 
and he there remained a few days. While eating 
breakfast one morning he was warned that the en- 
emy were going to try to capture him and so made 
his escape. At Arrow Rock he met Marmaduke's 
cavalrj', which he joined, going with them to Glas- 
gow, Mo. , where he enlisted under General Price. 
On the way to Ft. Scott, Kan., they participated 
in several skirmishes, and six miles east of that 
place General Blount made a charge on them, 
capturing several of their men. At Newtonia, 
Mo., they met a few home guards, who had charge 



of a mill, and there received some provisions, 
with which they started for Indian Territory. 
Our subject was permitted to go to Ft. Smith for 
supplies, where he paid fioo for one hundred 
pounds of flour, and on rejoining his company 
they moved on to Bonham, Tex., where they 
arrived in October, 1864, remaining there one 
month. They then started for Hillsboro, Ark., 
where, on the 25th of January, 1865, Mr. Holmes 
received an order to leave his company and re- 
port to Maj. James R. Shaler, at Washington, 
Ark. From there he was ordered to Maj. -Gen. 
John Fagan at Camden. He was at Pine Bluff, 
Ark., at the time of the surrender, and at Shreve- 
port, L,a., was mustered out, returning to St. 
lyouis June 23, 1865, where he took the oath of 
allegiance to the United States. 

On returning to Mis.souri, Mr. Holmes found 
his wife living in Macon Count}^ and his father 
in Howard County, as nothing was left of the 
old home except the fireplace, everything being 
burned by the Union men. Sending for his wife, 
they lived in a log schoolhouse containing two 
rooms for some time, when a house was erected 
on the home farm, obtaining the lumber for its 
construction from St. Louis. They there remained 
for several years, when they removed to the 
Rathfon Farm, but in 1867 a house was erected 
on a farm of eight}- acres given Mr. Holmes by 
his father. He has made many good improve- 
ments and added to his land, until he now has 
four hundred and forty acres, about half of which 
is under cultivation. 

In the family of our subject and his wife were 
seven children, five of whom are still living. 
Robert H., born May 20, 1861, died July 8, 1876; 
Charlie A., born January 8, 1863, is engaged in 
the cattle business in Duncan County, Ariz.; 
James R., born May 24, 1866, lives in Barber 
County, Kan., where he is engaged in farming; 
Minnie M., born March 9, 1868, is at home; Wil- 
son H., born June 7, 1871, is a farmer of Barber 
County, Kan.;Almira L., born September 19, 
1874, died on the 29th of November of the same 
year; and Benjamin E., born July 2, 1876, is with 
his parents. 

Mr. Holmes is an extensive farmer, raising 

principally corn and wheat, but his chief business 
is that of stock-raising, m which he meets with 
excellent success. He has also good coal land 
on his farm. Formerly he voted with the Dem- 
ocratic party, but now is an Alliance Democrat. 
For two years he served as Assessor of the coun- 
ty, and has held several township offices, includ- 
ing those of School Director and Road Overseer. 
In the spring of 1888 a new postoffice was orig- 
inated, called Aubrej', which he is carrying on at 
his own home. Both he and his wife are mem- 
bers of the Baptist Church, attending one near 
their home, and are earnest, consistent Christian 
people, having the respect of all who know them. 


(John p. GILLUM is one ot the leading men 
I of Knobnoster, John.son County, and is in- 
C2/ terested in several enterprises of this locality. 
Though now in his seventy -fifth year, he possesses 
the ambition and energy more commonly found 
in men who have not seen half his years. A na- 
tive of Kentucky, our .subject was born June 25, 
1820, to William and Maria T. (Oglesby) Gil- 
lum, both natives of Virginia. After reaching 
maturity they located in the Blue Grass State, 
but only continued to live there until 1831, when 
they took up their permanent abode in Missouri. 
For three years they remained in Cooper County, 
after which they became inhabitants of this coun- 
ty, settling about seven miles from this village. 
During his entire active life the father was en- 
gaged in farming, and his declining j-ears were 
spent in Knobnoster, where his death occurred in 
1863. His wife survived him several years, pass- 
ing to the home beyond in 1877. 

Mr. Gillum whose name heads this article had 
ver>' limited advantages for obtaining an educa- 
tion, but made the best of what the primitive 
schools afforded. From boyhood he was accus- 
tomed to farm work, and on reaching his majority 
engaged in agricultural pursuits and in running 
a sawmill for several years. Later he was in 



business in Dunksburg, Mo., for two years, then 
removing to Knobnoster. When the war broke 
out he enhsted, but on account of poor health 
soon left the service. When the battle clouds had 
rolled awaj^ he went to Texas, where for some 
years he owned a farm and handled live stock 
successfully, but since 1878 his interests have 
been exclusively identified with this locality. I, 1842, Mr. Gillum and Susan M. 
Houks were united in marriage. The lady's 
father was John Houks, an early settler of Coop- 
er County, Mo. Mrs. Gillum was called to her 
final rest in 1883, and two of her three children 
survive her, namely: Margaret E., who is the 
wife of Charles E. Newton, a native of this coun- 
ty; and John F., of this city. The eldest of the 
family, William N., died leaving a wife and five 
children, who are now living with our subject. 
In his religious belief Mr. Gillum has long been 
a Presbyterian and an active worker in the local 
church. Politically he adheres to the princi- 
ples and candidates of the Democratic party. 

(TOHN ALBERT ADAMS. This prominent 
I agriculturist of Johnson County is the owner 
Q) of two hundred and forty acres of productive 
land in township 45, range 25. His father, Judge 
Daniel Adams, was a very popular man in this 
locality, and departed this life February 7, 1892. 
He was born December 18, 18 13, in Wilkes 
County, N. C, while his wife, who bore the 
maiden name of Susan McCreary, was a native 
of Howard County, Mo. 

In the year 1834 the father and grandfather of 
John Adams emigrated to this county. The latter 
was a soldier in the War of 181 2, and bought two 
land-warrants in township 45, range 25. Daniel 
Adams bought one warrant, entitling him to one 
hundred and sixty acres of the northeast quarter 
of the northeast quarter of section 1 5 of this town- 
ship. The grandfather built a house on section 

II, in which his widow now lives, and made 
that place his home until his death, which oc- 
curred in June, 1870. He was married twice, his 
first wife having been Miss Abby Gill Adams, 
who departed this life when our subject was 
about seven years of age. Her family included ten 
children, namely: Daniel, Susan, Elizabeth, 
Thomas, Abraham, Jackson, Margaret, Hugh, 
Jane and George. Jane, Margaret and Hugh 
are the only survivors. 

The father of our subject lived at home until 
his marriage with Miss McCreary, in January, 
1840. He then entered three hundred acres ot 
land from the Government, located on sections 
14 and 15, on which he built a log cabin and re- 
sided until his death. This cabin, which is still 
standing on section 14, was built of logs, which 
he hewed himself and hauled to the spot with oxen 
on a solid-wood wheel wagon. Mr. Adams died 
February 7, 1892. His widow, who is still liv- 
ing, resides on the old homestead, and is a mem- 
ber of the Cumberland Presbyterian Church. 

The parental household included twelve chil- 
dren, all of whom are living with one exception. 
John A., of this sketch, was the eldest. Annie E. 
married William H. Denton, the proprietor of a 
grocery in Wa'rrensburg. William P. married 
Josie McCurdy, and has been engaged in farm- 
ing in Kansas since 1876. Abby J. is at home 
with her mother. Christina became the wife of 
A. W. McCoy, and they make their home in 
Cass County, Mo., on a farm. Elijah married 
Lulu Smith, and is now an extensive farmer of 
Sumner County, Kan. , having located there in 
1876, soon after his graduation from the Fowler 
& Wells School of Phrenology in New York; 
he also taught school for several years. Susan 
Ellen has for the past eighteen years been 
engaged in teaching in the Foster School at War- 
rensburg. Thomas married Kate Goodrich, and 
makes his home on a good estate in Sumner 
County, Kan., where he also located in 1876. 
Clara Emma married William Thornton, who is 
engaged in the general merchandise business in 
Blackstone, Kan. Robert H. lives on the old 
home place with his mother. Mary F. died when 
ten years of age; and James L., who graduated 



from a St. Louis medical school, is a prominent 
physician of Morgan, Minn. 

Our subject was born October 16, 1841, and 
remained at home, aiding in carrying on his fa- 
ther's farm, until the war broke out. He en- 
listed July 24, 1861, as a member of Company B, 
Twenty-seventh Mounted Infantry, under Col. B. 
F. Grover and Captain Isminger, and after being 
mustered out at Benton Barracks returned home, 
Jaiuiary 27, 1862. April i of that year, how- 
ever, he again enlisted, this time in the Seventh 
Missouri Cavalry, under Col. John F. Phillips 
and Capt. Melville Foster. From that time until 
he was mustered out and discharged at Warrens- 
burg, Mo., April 27, 1865, he was on guard duty 
through the state, protecting the property and 
lives of the inhabitants from all invaders. 

Upon his final return home, Mr. Adams re- 
sumed farming pursuits with his parents, remain- 
ing at home until his marriage, September 27, 
1866, with Miss Dorothy Mack, who was born in 
Bavaria, Germany, August 2, 1847, ^"d was the 
daughter of Gotfried Mack. Soon after his mar- 
riage Mr. Adams erected a small cabin on forty 
acres of land belonging to his father. This he 
cleared of the brush and trees, cultivating it in a 
most intelligent and profitable manner. In Sep- 
tember, 1872, he bought another forty-acre tract 
from his grandfather's estate, for which he paid 
$10 per acre. He was greatly prospered in the 
cultivation of his eighty-acre farm, and has since 
been enabled to enlarge its boundaries, until he 
now owns two hundred and forty acres, all of 
which, with the exception of about fifteen acres, 
is under a good state of cultivation. He has his 
farm finely drained and underlaid with about two 
miles of drain tiling. Besides his farm he also 
has about seven acres of orchard, stocked with 
choice trees, and for twelve years owned and ran 
a steam-thresher. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Adams there have been born 
ten children. Benjamin F. was born February 
19, 1868; Margaret A., born December 31, 1869, 
married John W.. Williams, who is engaged in 
farming near Nevada, Mo. ; Sophia J. , born De- 
cember 12, 1 87 1, became the wife of Daniel Bur- 
ford, and is living near Prairie City, Mo. ; Archie 

G., born December i, 1873, is now attending the 
normal school; Jessie was born September 8, 
1875; Daniel G., October 5, 1877; Emma F., 
September 18, 1879; John A., November 4, 1881; 
Effie E., December 18, 1883; and Elmer E. E., 
April 2, 1888. 

Mr. Adams is greatly interested in the cause 
of education in his district, and is now serving as 
President of the School Board. He is giving his 
children the best advantages for an education, 
and the older ones are attending the normal school 
at Warrensburg. The Adams School, which is 
located near the home of our subject, was named 
in honor of his father. Our subject is a member 
of the Grand Army of the Republic, belonging to 
Colonel Grover Post No. 78, at Warrensburg. He 
is also connected with the Select Knights of that 
city, and belongs to Sand.stone Lodge No. 137, 
A. O. U. W., of Warrensburg. In politics he is 
a stanch Republican, and with his wife is a mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church, which 
meets in a building located near his farm. He is 
a self-made man in the truest sense of the term, 
and is one of the most extensive farmers and 
stock-raisers of the township. 


ATTHAUS PFEFFER is the fortunate pos- 
sessor of a splendid farm in township 46, 
range 26, Johnson County. His home- 
stead numbers three hundred and sixty acres, 
about two hundred acres of which are under a 
high state of cultivation. He is a self-made man, 
having acquired his property in the past few 
years by assiduous toil and well directed efforts. 
He is interested in everything that tends toward 
the upbuilding and development of the county, 
and is a public-spirited citizen. 

The birth of Mr. Pfeffer occurred in Wurtem- 
berg, Germany, December 19, 1846. His par- 
ents, Matthaus and Margaret (Schmidt) Pfeffer, 
were likewise natives of the Fatherland, and lived 
on a farm. The mother died when our subject 



was only twelve years of age, but the father is 
still living, though now in his seventy-seventh 
year. He is a verj^ prominent man in his com- 
munity, and has led an industrious and useful 
life. Agnes, his eldest daughter, is the wife of 
Frederick Warenberger, who owns a farm in 
Wurtemberg. Catherine, wife of Casper Shick, 
a cabinet-maker, lives in Cincinnati, Ohio. Ja- 
cob married Margaret Baier, and is a liquor deal- 
er in Cincinnati. Marj% who has never married, 
keeps house for her father in the Old Country. 
John married Mary Coomer, and operates a farm 
in Wurtemberg. 

After receiving a good general education in his 
mother tongue, Matthaus Pfeffer started for Amer- 
ica on the good ship "Germania," landing in 
New York. As he had an uncle living in Cin- 
cinnati, he proceeded to that cit3^ and was em- 
ployed in his flouring-mill and bakery for a year 
and a-half. Subsequently he was for seven years 
in a distillery in the same city, but becoming 
homesick returned on a visit to his native land, 
where he remained for a year. Returning to Cin- 
cinnati, he worked in the same distillery for two 
years, after which he embarked in business 
for himself in companj^ with a brother. For 
about three years they ran a saloon in Cin- 
cinnati, but not meeting with great success 
sold out, and, going to Lebanon, 111., ran a dis- 
tillery there until 1881. About this time he de- 
termined to try his hand at agricultural pursuits, 
and bought two hundred acres in this township. 
To this he afterwards added one hundred and six- 
ty acres more, and has invested large amounts of 
monej^ in the improvement of the farm. 

While living in Cincinnati, Mr. PfefFer was 
married, in December, 1877, to Barbara Thierin- 
ger, likewise a native of Wurtemberg and born in 
1848. She was a daughter of Johannas Thierin- 
ger, who died on his farm in the Old Country. 
His wife died when Mrs. PfefFer was only ten 
years of age, and the latter crossed the Atlantic 
at the same time as did her future husband. To 
our subject and his wife were born five children, 
namely: George, Charles, John, and two little 
daughters who died in infancy. The sons are 
receiving good educational advantages, and are 

being fitted in a practical manner for life's duties. 
Mr. Pfeffer does not belong to any party politic- 
ally, but uses his ballot in support of men whom he 
thinks worthy and qualified to carry out the 
wishes of the public. 

(TEHU F. ROBINSON, M. D. Although but 

I a recent addition to the medical fraternity, 
Q) Dr. Robinson is winning an enviable reputa- 
tion as a practitioner of the healing art and is 
building up a lucrative practice. He is at pres- 
ent living on section 24, township 47, range 24, 
in Johnson County, on the old homestead, where 
his birth occurred July 31, 1869. 

Our subject is the eldest in the family of John 
E. and Maggie (Hocker) Robinson, of whom a 
sketch will appear elsewhere in this volume. 
Their son was given a good education in the pub- 
lic schools of his native county, and later, when 
desirous of following an advanced course, he be- 
came a student in the State University, located 
at Columbia, this state. 

Reared to farm life, our subject worked at this 
occupation when not in college until attaining his 
majorit}^ when, in order to fit himself for the 
medical profession, which he was ambitious of fol- 
lowing, he entered the office of Dr. Decker, a 
prominent doctor of this section, studying under 
his guidance for one j'ear. Later he entered the 
Barnes Medical College of St. Louis, from which 
he was graduated with honors in 1893, after tak- 
ing the prescribed course. 

When looking around him for a suitable loca- 
tion in which to commence practice. Dr. Robin- 
son settled on the old home place, and is kept 
very busy in making calls throughout the town- 
ship. With his professional skill he combines 
the tact which makes fast friends of the patients 
who come to him for treatment, and his close at- 
tention to business is bound to bring him in a 
good income. 



Dr. Robinson and Miss Minnie H., daughter 
of John G. and Josephine (Honey) Senior, were 
married, April 18, 1893. Mrs. Robinson's par- 
ents were natives of Johnson County, this state, 
and Kentucky, respectively. They are now liv- 
ing on a good estate in Pettis County, Mo. In 
politics the Doctor is a Democrat, and is regarded 
as one of the influential members of his party. 


HENRY GREEN. Reference to the agricult- 
ural affairs of Pettis County would be in- 
complete were no mention made of the sub- 
ject of this notice, who is one of the efficient 
farmers, stock-raisers and dairymen of township 
45, range 21. He is the owner and occupant of a 
valuable farm on section 23, where he has made 
his home since his marriage. The property con- 
sists of one hundred and eighty-seven and one- 
fourth acres, under good cultivation, and im- 
proved with a neat house and substantial out- 

The family of which Mr. Green is a member has 
been noted for the patriotism of its representatives. 
His great-grandfather. Duty Green, a native of 
Rhode Island, was one of the brave soldiers of the 
Revolution. After the war he moved to New 
York, and from there went to Ohio in 1798. He 
and his descendants were loyal to the Whig party 
as long as it was in existence. Grandfather Duty 
Green, who was born in New York State, held 
the rank of Captain in the War of 1812. 

The parents of our subject were Charles W. and 
Susan (Park) Green, the former born in January, 
181 1. His first Presidential vote was cast for 
Andrew Jackson, but he lived to regret that he 
had done so. In 1856 he voted for Fremont, 
and his last ballot was cast in 1876 for Ruther- 
ford B. Hayes. During the war he was a stanch 
Union supporter, and from the organization of the 
Republican party until his death he was a loyal 
advocate of its principles. 

Bom in Barlow Township, Washington Coun- 

ty, Ohio, March 21, 1840, our subject during his 
boyhood years was employed on the home farm 
in summer, and worked at logging during the 
winter months, his father being the owner of a 
sawmill run b}^ water power. In August, 1861, 
he enlisted in Company F, Thirty-sixth Ohio In- 
fantry, and went to West Virginia, where his 
regiment was engaged in scouting. Among the 
battles in which he participated were the follow- 
ing: Eewisburg, May 23, 1862; South Mountain, 
Md., September 14, 1862; Antietam, Md., Sep- 
tember 17, 1862; Hoover's Gap, June 24, 1863; 
Chickamauga, Tenn., September 19-20, 1863; 
Brown's Ferrj^ October 25, 1863; Missionary 
Ridge, November 25, 1863 (where he was wound- 
ed in the left arm); Cloyd Mountaui, W. Va., 
May 9, 1864; New River Bridge (where they 
burned the bridge) and Cold Mountain Gap, W. 
Va., May 10, 1864; Salt Pond Mountain, May 13, 
1864; Lexington, Va., June 11, 1864; Lynchburg, 
June 17-18, 1864; Salem, June 21, 1864; Cable- 
town, July 20, 1864; Strasburg, August 3, 1864; 
Charlestown, August 8, 1864 (where our subject 
saw John Brown's grave) ; marching to the Ohio 
River and from there going by the Baltimore & 
Ohio Railroad to Winchester, the scene of a battle 
with the Confederates July 20-24, 1864 (in which 
our subject was slightly wounded in the foot, but 
managed to rejoin his regiment a day later) ; Hall- 
town, 26, 1864; Berryville, Va., Septem- 
ber 3, 1864; Opequan, September 19, 1864; Fish- 
er's Hill, Va. , September 22, 1864; and Cedar 
Creek, October 19, 1864, where Sheridan made 
his famous raid. 

The original term of Mr. Green's enlistment 
was for three years, but at the expiration of that 
time he re-enlisted, serving another year. He 
was never in the hospital, and was taken prisoner 
but once, at the battle of Strasburg, when, after 
being held for an hour. General Merritt's cavalry 
made a charge and defeated the enemy, bringing 
freedom to the prisoners. He was honorably- 
discharged at Wheeling, W. Va., July 27, 1865. 
Returning to his native count}-, he continued to 
reside there until June, 1867, when he came to 
Pettis County for the purpose of attending to some 
business for his father. He remained here until 



August, 1868, when he returned to Ohio and on 
the 26th of that month was united in marriage 
with Miss Rachel McGrew, who was born and 
reared in Washington County. 

Coming back to Pettis County in October, 1868, 
Mr. Green for a time made his home in a log cabin 
near the site of his present residence. A few 
years were spent there, after which lie built a part 
of the house he now occupies. He and his wife 
have six children, namely: Charles H., who is 
married and lives in P'lat Creek Township; Jesse 
M., who was born March 31, 1874; Mary E., a 
student in the Sedalia High School; WilHam E., 
Wilson A. and Dan Park, who are at home. 
While at Cedar Creek, W. Va., Mr. Green cast 
his first Presidential ballot for Abraham Lincoln, 
in 1864, and from that time to this he has been a 
stanch upholder of Republican principles. 


(Tames W. knight, in the various enter- 
I prises in which he has engaged, Mr. Knight 
Qj has been uniformly successful, and this state- 
ment is certainly true of the occupation of an 
agriculturist, which he now follows. A Missou- 
rian by birth, much of his life has been spent in 
Pettis County, and he now resides upon section 8, 
township 44, range 21, where he owns three hun- 
dred and forty acres of well improved land. He 
is a man who has traveled widely, having visited 
many of the states of the Union, and this, in ad- 
dition to thorough schooling, has given him a 
broad fund of information upon all general topics. 
In Round Prairie Township, Callaway County, 
Mo., August 2, 1 85 1, the subject of this notice 
was born to the union of James F. and Trinvilla 
(Crooks) Knight, natives of Kentucky, the for- 
mer born in Fleming, and the latter in Montgom- 
ery Count}'. The paternal grandfather, William 
S. Knight, was born near Baltimore, Md., re- 
moved thence to Kentucky, and in 1825 settled 
in Callaway County, Mo., where he entered 
Government land. The great-grandfather, Lay 

Knight, was born in England, and was a minis- 
ter in the Methodist Episcopal Church, filling a 
number of pastorates in Maryland, but removing 
from there to Kentucky when his son, WiUiam S. , 
was about fifteen years old. Both the father and 
grandfather were slave-holders. 

At the age of seven years James F. Knight 
came to Missouri with his father, and for sixty 
years he was a resident of Callaway County. His 
father, who at one time was a man of wealth, lost 
his property in his old age by going security for 
friends, which fact obliged the son to make his 
own way in the world. Being energetic and ca- 
pable, he achieved success in business, and at the 
time of his death was worth about $20,000. His 
entire capital at the time of his marriage consisted 
of $23 and a horse, while his wife had a bed and 
a few articles of furniture. Politically he was a 
Democrat, and in religious faith a member of the 
Christian Church. His death occurred at our 
subject's home in 1886. 

The only brother ot our subject is W. C. , a resi- 
dent of Boonville, Mo., where he is engaged in 
the banking and real-estate business. The only 
sister, Anna, is the wife of George W. Anderson, 
a farmer of Flat Creek Township. The boyhood 
years of our subject were spent upon a farm in 
Callaway County. His educational advantages 
were excellent, and after completing the common- 
school studies, he entered Westminster College, 
at the age of eighteen. Two years later he began 
to teach, in order to earn the money with which 
to continue his studies. At the time of leaving 
college, he lacked only six months of completing 
the required course necessary for graduation. 
For sixteen years he devoted much of his time to 
teaching, and at one time spent four months in 
the State Normal School at Kirksville, Mo. 

September 5, 1877, Mr. Knight married Miss 
Susie Johnson, who was born in Callaway Coun- 
ty, Mo. The only child born of that marriage 
was Odon Wilkes, whose birth occurred in Calla- 
way County, November 17, 1878. His second 
marriage occurred October 17, 1886, his wife be- 
ing Miss Isora Hatton, of Flat Creek Township, 
Pettis County. She was born here October 29, . 
1863, and is a daughter of OUver P. and Martha 



(Elliott) Hatton. In addition to common-school 
advantages, she attended the State Normal School 
at Warrensburg, and afterward taught a number 
of terms in country schools in Pettis County. 
Their four children are James F. , born October 
27, 1887; Nina, May 3, 1889; Katie, July 29, 
1881; and William Stone, June 28, 1893. 

After the death of his first wife, Mr. Knight 
made his home with his father until the latter' s 
death, when he inherited one hundred and sixty 
acres. Later he began to do work for mail con- 
tractors, and has traveled extensively in various 
states. While living in Callaway County, he 
engaged in the drug trade at Fulton with CM. 
Wright, continuing thus engaged for two and 
one-half years. He has added to his farm by the 
purchase of other property, and now owns three 
hundred and forty acres. Politically he is a 
Democrat, and in 1889 he was elected School 
Commissioner, serving one term. At difiFerent 
times he has represented the party in local con- 
ventions. In religious connections he and his 
wife are members of the Christian Church. 



operates a desirable farm located on section 
15, township 47, range 27, Johnson County, 
and his handsome residence has as fine a location 
as any house in the county. The owner has given 
a large share of his attention to stock-raising, and 
has met with success in his enterprises. 

A native of Missouri, our subject was born in 
Lafayette County, January 15, 1837, being one 
of eight children, only four of whom survive. 
The parents were Andrew E. and Sabina (Live- 
say) Renick, the former of whom was born in 
Ohio about 1804, and reared on a farm. Soon 
after becoming of age, he went to Greenbrier 
County, Va., and several years later, about 1830, 
moved to Lafayette County, Mo. In 1835 he set- 
tled near to the county line of Johnson County, 

one of his fences forming the boundary at that 
point. In time he became one of the foremost 
farmers of that region, and made a specialty of the 
cattle business. When his cattle were ready for 
market he would drive them to Ohio, being com- 
pelled to swim them across the Missouri and Mis- 
sissippi Rivers. During the Mexican War he ob- 
tained a contract to furnish beef for the army as 
a sub-contractor, and in this venture made a large 
sum of money. In 1852, while on a trip to St. 
Louis with some cattle, he was stricken down 
with cholera and died at St. Charles. His son 
Robert, then a boy of fourteen years, had accom- 
panied him, but he escaped the dread disease, and 
on his father's death took charge of his money, 
some $3,000. He was a long distance from home, 
but got back safely by riding fifty miles a day, at 
the same time leading a riderless horse. The 
senior Mr. Renick was of a very kindly and gen- 
erous disposition, and gathered around him a host 
of stanch friends here. 

R. F. Renick received his education in the old- 
time subscription schools. He early commenced 
herding cattle, and spent some time on the plains 
in the Government employ as a freighter. He 
was appointed Assistant Wagon Boss, the im- 
portance of which position may be estimated from 
the fact that there were thirty wagons in the 
train, and an attack by the Indians was liable 
to occur at any time. On one occasion, some 
stock had wandered away from camp, and young 
Renick, mounting a mule, followed what he sup- 
posed to be their trail, but which proved to be 
otherwise. He passed through an Indian coun- 
try, and after finding out that he was lost, started 
to rejoin his companions, covering a distance of 
one hundred and eight miles in one day. After his 
return home he worked on a farm until the war 
broke out. 

June 15, 1861, our subject enlisted in the Mis- 
souri State Guards, C. S. A., General Raines' 
division, Waterman's brigade, and served there 
until mustered into the First Brigade, Fourth Mis- 
souri Infantry. M. F. Cockrell was his brigade 
commander, Maj.-Gen. S. G. French division 
commander, and Gen. L. Polk commander of 
the corps. Mr. Renick was commissioned First 



Lieutenant of Company H, serving as such until 
his Captain's death, a year later, when he took 
charge of the company. During his long and 
arduous service he took part in the following bat- 
tles: Oak Hills, Elkhorn, Corinth, luka. Baker's 
Creek and Vicksburg. In the Georgia campaign 
he had three months of almost steady fighting, 
* being in the engagements at Altoona, Franklin, 
Grand Gulf and Lexington. Seven times during 
this period he was wounded, twice at Corinth, at 
Sugar Creek, Baker's Creek, Vicksburg and at 
Franklin. At the last-named place he was cap- 
tured and confined in the penitentiary at Nash- 
ville, thence being transferred to Louisville, and 
finally to Ft. Delaware, where he was released 
after the surrender of the army. From his last 
wound he has suffered most severely, and is fre- 
quently laid up for days from its effects. At the 
beginning of the siege of Vicksburg he was stand- 
ing at one of the portholes looking at the Fed- 
erals; a second later, Lieutenant Cooper stepped 
up behind him, and, placing his hands on Mr. 
Renick's shoulders, awaited his turn to peep at 
the enemy. The Colonel shouted to our subject 
not to expose himself, and the latter quickly drew 
his head aside. On the instant, a bullet sped 
through the porthole, striking Lieutenant Coop- 
er in the face and killing him. The following 
day the Confederates were not allowed to leave 
the ditches, but had their rations served to them 
there. Mr. Renick and Lieutenant Lewis were 
in the habit of eating from the same plate, and 
here did as usual. After seating themselves to en- 
joy their meal of peas, a shell fell into the ditch 
within three or four feet of them and, bursting, 
tore the poor Lieutenant literally to pieces, while 
our subject marvelously escaped without a scratch. 
During the Georgia campaign, Mr. Renick was 
sitting under the shelter of a blanket, supported 
by poles, in company with Capt. Sam Kennerly 
and two other companions. Being thirsty, he 
rose to get a drink from his canteen about twenty 
steps away, and had hardly reached the spot when 
a shell exploded in the midst of the little group 
he had just left, killing them all instantly. In 
an engagement he had a spy-glass shot from his 
hand, and a short time afterward another was 

shot to pieces in his pocket, and he concluded 
to leave spy-glasses alone in the future. 

For four years after he had returned home 
from the war, Mr. Renick assisted in the manage- 
ment of the home farm. Subsequently he moved 
to his present home, where he has since continu- 
ously resided. Febiuary 13, 1868, he was united 
in marriage with Mary Wallace, daughter of Al- 
len and Ann (Dinwiddle) Wallace, natives of 
Illinois and Kentucky, respectively. Our subject 
and his estimable wife have two daughters, Fan- 
nie W. and Anna H., both accomplished young 

Politically Mr. Renick has always lent his 
support to the Democracy. He and his family 
are members of the Cumberland Presbyterian 
Church, and contribute both money and time to 
its various departments of activity. 

.(^ j 

(John murphy, a veteran of the late war, is 
I the owner of a farm of two hundred and ten 
C2/ acres, located in township 45, range 25, 
Johnson County. He is a native of the Emerald 
Isle, and was born in the city of Cork, December 
25, 1826. His parents, John and Eliza (Shana- 
han) Murphy, were born and reared within three 
miles of the city of Cork. The former was a ma- 
son by trade, following that occupation in con- 
nection with farming until his decease, which oc- 
curred nine days after he was taken ill. At that 
time John was four and one-half years of age, and 
therefore remembers very little about him. 

Mrs. Murphy was living on a farm three miles 
distant from Cork at the time of her husband's 
decease. She then moved to the city of Passage 
West, where she made her home for some time, 
but returned to Cork in order that her children 
might attend the schools of that city. She died 



there about 1879, after having attained the age of 
threescore years and ten. To John and Eliza 
Murphy there were born four children, of whom 
our subject is the only survivor. Richard, who 
was born in 1822, married Catherine Fitzgerald, 
and together they emigrated to America in 1856. 
He was employed at his trade, that of a 
mason, in Jefferson City, this state, where his 
death occurred, and where his widow and family 
now reside. Mary Ann, who was born about 
1824, married a Mr. Hanly, and died in 1883. 
Anthony died when twelve years of age. The 
children were well educated in the schools of their 
native land, and Mr. Murphy thinks the city of 
Cork has the finest institutions of learning of any 

Upon attaining his eighteenth year our subject 
left home and, going to London, worked for the 
following year at his trade, that of a mason. He 
then returned to his native citj', and was there 
but a short time when he decided to try his 
fortunes in America. Accordingly he made all 
arrangements to leave, and June 17, 1847, em- 
barked on the ship "Parliament" bound for Bos- 
ton. He was on the Atlantic five weeks, and on 
reaching his destination remained there for one 
year, working in the mean time at his trade. At 
the expiration of that time he made his way to 
New York City and was employed there until 
185 1. In November of that year he was united 
in marriage with Miss Eliza Sheahan, also a na- 
tive of Ireland, who was born in Cork about 1831. 
She was the daughter of Daniel and Hannah 
(Mahoney) Sheahan, also natives of the Emerald 
Isle, where the father worked as a stonemason, 
following that industry all his life. He died when 
his daughter, Mrs. Murphy, was about four years 
of age. Mrs. Sheahan departed this life about 
1845. They were the parents of ten children, 
namely: Patrick, Thomas, Hannah, Mary, Ellen, 
Margaret, Catherine, Daniel and Eliza. They 
are all deceased with the exception of Mrs. 
Murphy. She crossed the Atlantic in 1847, join- 
ing a sister who was living in New York City, 
and while there she was married to our subject. 

Mr. Murphy continued to make his home in 
the metropolis until March, 1856, when he moved 

to the World's Fair Citj', remaining for sixteen 
months working at his trade. Upon leaving the 
latter place at the expiration of that time, he went 
to Jefferson City, Mo. , where a brother was liv- 
ing. He was a resident of that city for the fol- 
lowing two years, and then went to Knobnoster, 
this county, and for six months was employed 
here. In the fall of 1859 he went to Warrensburg, 
where he was living on the outbreak of tlie war. 
July 5, 1861, he enlisted in Company E, Twenty- 
seventh Missouri Mounted Infantr}^ under Colo- 
nel Groves and Capt. M. U. Foster. He was 
mustered in at Benton Barracks, January 20, 
1862, and on the expiration of his term of serv- 
ice re-enlisted, this time becoming a member of 
Company E, Missouri Volunteer Cavalry. He 
participated in many engagements and skirmishes, 
and while in Arkansas was injured by the break- 
ing of a shell. On account of sore eyes he was 
confined in the hospital at Little Rock, from 
which place he was honorably discharged, July 
20, 1862. 

On being mustered out of service, Mr. Murphy 
returned to Warrensburg and resumed work at 
his trade, remaining there until 1868, the year he 
moved upon his present farm. It is fifty acres in 
extent, and at the time he took possession was all 
covered with timber. This place he improved in 
an admirable manner, and as the years passed, 
purchased eighty acres more. Mr. Murphy is 
also the proprietor of a tract of eighty acres in 
another part of this township, so that his estate 
includes in all two hundred and ten acres. 

To our subject and his estimable wife there 
were born seven children, five of whom are now 
living. John B., who was born March 4, 1853, 
in New York Cit}', remains at home and aids his 
father in the work of carrying on the farm. Liz- 
zie, who was born January 7, 1857, married 
Patrick Sheady, and makes her home in Warrens- 
burg. Hannah M., born in April, i860, is now 
under the parental roof. Richard was born in 
December, 1862, and when last heard from was 
in Kentucky. Daniel T., who was born in 1868, 
is also at home. Catherine died in infancy; and 
Thomas died when eighteen months old. 

Our subject is a strong Republican in politics, 



and takes great interest in the success of his party. 
Socially he is a Grand Army man, belonging to 
Grover Post No. 78, at Warrensburg. Both him- 
self and wife belong to the Catholic Church. 

HENRY C. ROSE. Throughout this portion 
of Missouri few of the residents are better 
known than Mr. Rose, whose fine estate of 
two hundred and sixty- two acres is pleasantly lo- 
cated on section 14, township 46, range 28. He 
has been a resident here for twenty-three years, 
and has therefore been an eye-witness of the won- 
derful transformation which has taken place in 
the county and state, and has not been an idle 
factor in their development. 

Sanford H. Rose, the father of our subject, was 
born in Kentucky, but left that state when five 
years of age and accompanied his parents on their 
overland journey to this state. Here he made 
his home for forty-eight j'ears, when he was 
called hence. The family first located on land 
which is now the site of Boonville, in Cooper 
County, and after a residence there of two years 
changed their abode to Henry County. Four 
years later, however, we find them living in what 
is now Jackson Township, Johnson County. 
Sanford Rose was a man of enterprise, and at- 
tained a good standing among the agriculturists 
of his community solely through his own unaided 

The father of our subject was united in mar- 
riage to Mrs. Susan Peak, nee Crow. By her 
first union she became the mother of the follow- 
ing children: Joseph, deceased; James, a resident 
of Lexington, this state; Jurdon and Charlotte, 
deceased; and William J., who makes his home 
in Nebraska. To Mr. and Mrs. Sanford Rose 
there was granted a family of five children, of 
whom Henry C. was the youngest but one. The 
eldest son, Wallace, is living in Henry County, 
this state; Charnel J. is deceased; Richard is en- 

gaged in business in Sacramento, Cal. ; and Ri- 
ley M. makes his home in Johnson County, this 

Our subject was born in Gallatin County, Ky., 
May 17, 1844, and there attended the subscrip- 
tion schools held in a log building, with clap- 
board roof and doors, the seating capacity of the 
room being ample for a dozen pupils. Meager, 
indeed, were the advantages offered the youth of 
that day, and those who attained fame did so 
through their own indomitable will, unaided by 

Young Henry worked on the farm and lived 
with his parents until eighteen years of age, when 
he started out to battle with life on his own re- 
sponsibility. He was a strong and enthusiastic 
Union man, and in 1862 enlisted in Captain 
Duncan's company of the Forty-fifth Missouri 
Enrolled Militia. They w.ere called upon to guard 
the property and homes of the people from depre- 
dations by the bands of guerrillas who were en- 
gaged in the most hazardous kinds of warfare. 
These brave men were called upon to pass through 
dangers even worse than a hand-to-hand conflict 
with the enemy, for they were liable to be shot 
down from ambush when unable to protect them- 
selves. In the discharge of his duties in this 
company, he was shot through the lung, and for 
three weeks was confined to his bed, and even 
now he is troubled at times from the effects of 
this injury. On the establishment of peace, Mr. 
Rose returned to the home farm, and after reap- 
ing one crop rented land, which he operated for 
the following six years. He was then enabled to 
purchase a tract, bu3'ing the eighty acres com- 
prised in his present homestead. 

Mr. Rose was married, in September, 1866, to 
Sarah Brown, a native of this state. After a 
happy wedded life of only eleven months, his 
wife was taken away. He afterwards married 
Mary Jones, a native of North Carolina, and to 
them were born five children, namely: Will- 
iam G., Martha Susan, Mary E., and two who 
died in infancy. 

In politics Mr. Rose is a true-blue Republican, 
and can give good reasons for the faith that is in 
him. He worships with the Cumberland Pres- 



byteriau Church, while his good wife is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church. He is a gentleman 
genial and cordial with all and popular among 
the residents of his township. 

(lOHN W. TRADER, M. D., has been a prac- 
I ticing physician and surgeon of Sedalia for 
(2/ the past thirty years, and enjoys the distinc- 
tion of being one of the oldest members of his 
profession in the city in point of years of service. 
Since 1889 he has been County Physician, and 
from January, 1866, until 1893 was Examining 
Surgeon for the United States Pension Board, and 
would probably have continued longer in that of- 
fice had it not been for the change of administra- 
tion. During the last few years of that period he 
was President of the board, and for five years has 
been Surgeon of the Second Regiment of Mis- 
souri National Guards, with the rank of Major. 

Dr. Trader comes from a very patriotic line of 
ancestors, and has had relatives in all the import- 
ant wars of the United States. His paternal 
great-grandfather was killed in the Colonial strug- 
gle for independence; his father served in the War 
of 1812, and several of his own brothers were in 
the Union army during the Civil War, and fought 
nobly in defense of the Old Flag. His paternal 
grandfather was a farmer by occupation, and died 
early in life. The Doctor's father, Rev. Moses 
Trader, was born in Virginia, as was also his first 
wife, whose maiden name was Elizabeth Mc- 
Donald. Mr. Trader moved to Ohio at an early 
day, settling in Greene County, and cleared a 
farm on the Little Miami Bottoms. He did a 
noble work throughout northwestern Ohio in or- 
ganizing congregations and in doing pioneer work 
for the Methodist denomination. In 1839 he set- 
tled in Sheridan County, where he bought and 
improved Government land, and, as was the cus- 
tom in those early days, occupied the pulpits free 

of charge. He was Presiding Elder of the St. 
Joseph and Northwestern Missouri Conference, 
and until the last was active in the ministry. He 
died while in the harness, at the close of the 
Sunday services held in the Walnut Schoolhouse, 
in Daviess County, Mo., in 1854, aged seventy 
years. His first wife, EHzabeth, died in Xenia, 
Ohio, and he afterwards married Rebecca R. 
Wells, our subject's mother. She was born in 
Maryland, and was a daughter of Joshua Wells, a 
native of the same state. She was reared and ed- 
ucated at Wellsville Academy, in Steubenville, 
Ohio. Her death occurred in 1843, when she 
was only thirty-two years of age, and of her three 
children two now survive. The father was mar- 
ried for a third time and had four children by that 
union, all of whom survive. Of the four children 
born of his first marriage, all have passed to the 
silent land. 

Dr. Trader was born in Xenia, Greene Coun- 
ty, Ohio, March 6, 1837, and was but three years 
of age when his father moved to this state. At 
first his home was in Chariton County, but in 
1844 the family moved to a point three miles west 
of Linneus, Linn County, Mo. , where he received 
a good education in the common branches. Then 
taking up the study of medicine, he graduated 
from the Missouri Medical College in i860, with 
the degree of Doctor of Medicine. He refused to be 
enlisted in the State Militia under Governor Jack- 
son (who was a Confederate), but later joined 
Company B, First Battalion of Major Dickson's 
militia, to fight for the Union, and was made 
Captain of his company in Putnam County, Mo. 
He saw service throughout the state, and April 
II, 1862, went with the battalion to St. Louis, 
Mo., where he passed an examination and was 
commissioned Assistant Surgeon of the First Bat- 
talion, First Regiment of Missouri Cavalry. For 
a year and a-half the duties of his position called 
him to many points along the Hannibal & St. 
Joseph Railroad and south of the Missouri River, 
between that and the lineof Later he 
was commissioned Surgeon of the First Regiment 
of the Missouri Cavalry for gallant services on 
the battlefield, with the rank of Major, and was 
also Surgeon of the First Brigade, under General 



Pleasanton's army corps. After being mustered 
out and honorably discharged at St. Louis, April 
II, 1865, he re-enlisted and was made acting As- 
sistant Surgeon in the United States Medical 
Corps, being stationed at Jefferson Barracks, and 
for some time on the steamboat "Baltic," running 
on the Mississippi River south of St. Louis. In 
May, 1865, they brought the last of the poor An- 
dersonville prisoners up the river, attending to 
their injuries and health as best they could. At 
Mine Creek our subject was wounded by the fall- 
ing of a timber and sustained a fracture of the 
skull. In various engagements he met with 
slight injuries. He was finally mustered out June 
I, 1865, in St. Louis, and since that time has 
been successfully engaged in practice in Sedalia, 
where he has built up an enviable reputation. 
The "boys in blue" have always had a warm 
place in his heart, and he is now connected with 
Gen. George R. Smith Post No. 53, G. A. R., 
of which he is surgeon. Following his honored 
father's example, he is very active in the Method- 
ist denomination, and belongs to the First Church 
of this city. 

n WILLARD HUBBARD, one of the influen- 
I tial agriculturists of Johnson County, is the 
C2/ owner of one of the largest and best im- 
proved estates within the confines of the county. 
It embraces four hundred acres on sections 27, 34 
and 35, township 48, range 25, and only about 
one-half of this amount was cleared when he took 
possession of the place. 

Our subject was born in Mercer County, 111., 
in the town of New Boston, June 13, 1845. 
His parents were Willard and Nancy (Burns) 
Hubbard, natives, respectively, of Massachusetts 
and Kentucky. The maternal grandparents, 
John and Nancy (Riggs) Burns, were farmers 
in the Blue Grass State, where the former died. 
His wife was afterwards married to Charles Bur- 
ns and with him removed to Illinois, when Nan- 

cy was twelve years of age. They there made 
their home until about 1854, when they moved 
westward to California, where they both died 
some years later. 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Daniel and Sarah Agnes Hubbard. The former 
was a shoemaker, and followed this business in ' 
the Bay State for many years. There he met 
and married his wife, who was also born there, 
and soon thereafter they traveled overland to 
Mercer County, 111., where the grandfather plied 
his trade for two years. He had lived in Massa- 
chusetts too long to be satisfied anywhere else, 
and consequently returned thither with his wife 
and lived retired until his death. They had six 
children: Daniel, William, Jonas, Willard, Sr., 
Lucy A. and Sarah A. The eldest son married, 
and is now farming in Nebraska. He is the only 
one living, with the exception of his sister Ag- 
nes, Mrs. Sampsoni who makes her home in St. 

Willard Hubbard, Sr., left the parental roof in 
Massachusetts the year prior to attaining his ma- 
jority. His destination being the Prairie State, 
he never stopped until he reached Mercer Coun- 
t3% where he engaged in farming. He was one 
of the earliest settlers of that section, and in ad- 
dition to cultivating the soil was occupied in 
making brooms. He was a lover of horses, and 
kept constantly on his place several fine head of 
these animals. He was married in Mercer Coun- 
ty, in 1840, to Miss Burns, and there continued 
to make his home until his decease. May 20, 
1857. H^ became verj^ prominent in the public 
affairs of his community, and, being a breeder of 
fine horses, was well known all over the county. 
His wife is now living in Mercer County and is 
seventy-three years of age. After the decease of 
her husband she became the wife of his brother 

To Willard and Nancy Hubbard there were 
born eight children, of whom we make the fol- 
lowing mention: The first-born died in infancy 
unnamed; J. Willard, of this sketch, was the sec- 
ond son; Harrison married Eliza Jackson, and is 
now conducting the old home place in Mercer 
County, 111. ; Agnes Sarah married Marion Riggs, 



a farmer of the above county; Martha Vashtie 
married Samuel Morris, also an agriculturist of 
Mercer County; Lucy A. and her husband, Elias 
Robison, make their home in that county; Frank 
married Sarah Catherine Braucht, who since his 
death continues to live in Johnson County, Mo. ; 
and Thomas Edward married Martha Brown, and 
their farm lies in Mercer County, 111. 

Our subject was given such an education as the 
locality and times afforded, and lived at home un- 
til his marriage with Miss Mary Ann Braucht, 
which occurred September 17, 1864. This lady 
was born in Hancock County, Ohio, August i, 
1842, and is the daughter of Daniel and Annie 
Catherine (Spreacher) Braucht, natives of Penn- 
sylvania. Her paternal grandparents lived and 
died in Ohio, while her mother's parents depart- 
ed this life in Illinois. Daniel Braucht moved to 
the Buckeye State when a lad of fourteen years, 
and later changed his location to Mercer County, 
111., the removal taking place after his marriage. 
He was a farmer there, and this vocation he also 
followed after coming to Johnson County, Mo., 
some years later. His death, however, occurred 
at the home of his daughter, Mrs. Hubbard, Jan- 
uar>^ 15, 1892. Mrs. Braucht is now living with 
her son in Hazle Hill Township, this county. 
Of the nine children of whom she became the 
mother, all are living except Ora, and are named, 
respectively, Lavina Maria, Mary Ann, Eliza, 
Samuel, Harrison, Emeline, Sarah Catherine and 

After his marriage our subject continued to re- 
side in Mercer County until 1868. February 24 
of that year he landed in Johnson County, Mo., 
to which locality a number of his neighbors had 
removed in 1865. They were greatly pleased 
with the outlook and gave our subject a very fav- 
orable report of the work accomplished here. He 
decided to become one of the party, and after fif- 
teen days of travel he located upon a rented 
tract, which he had previously engaged, living 
on this place for thirteen years. At the end of 
that time he purchased the four hundred acres 
of part of which he is now the owner and which 
is one of the most valuable pieces of property in 
the county. The entire acreage is under im- 

provement, and the house which the family occu- 
pies was erected in 1839. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Hubbard there have been 
born nine children. Reuben C, born August 5, 
1865, in Mercer County, 111., died there May 13 
of the following year; William E. was born June 5, 
1867, and died February 23, 1888; Cora L,., born 
September 6, 1869, departed this life August 7, 
1871; Thomas E. was born November 12, 1871, 
and is now living with his wife, formerly Miss 
Minnie Ebberts, on a portion of our subject's 
farm; Clara A. was born November 10, 1873, 
and makes her home with her husband, James 
Green, on a farm near Mr. Hubbard; Harvey 
H. was born July 22, 1878; Frank S., November 
4, 1880; Emma F., .May 30, 1883; and Hattie S., 
April 10, 1885. 

Mr. Hubbard devotes the greater portion of 
his time and attention to the breeding of fine 
stock, raising cattle, horses and swine. He is a 
man who stands well with every class in the 
neighborhood and is one of the township's most 
progressive citizens. He has been Constable and 
School Director for many years, and in the dis- 
charge of the duties of these respective positions 
has given perfect satisfaction. He is a Republi- 
can in politics. His good wife is a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church South, and takes 
an interested part in both religious and benevo- 
lent work. 

' ^ ^ P • 

<^HOMAS J. ALLISON, a retired farmer of 
I Q Holden, was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, 
V2/ July 12, 1825, and is a son of Samuel and 
Mary (Murphy) Allison, both of whom were of 
Irish ancestry. The father grew to manhood in 
Maryland, where he was married. The paternal 
grandfather of our subject was at one time pro- 
prietor of large iron works in that state. He 
died when Samuel was quite young. After the 
division of the property the brothers separated 
and became scattered, all trace of them being 
lost. The father lived in Maryland for some 



years, carrying on his trade of tailoring. He was 
born in the latter part of the last century, and 
was a soldier of the War of 1812, serving under 
General Jackson at the battle of New Orleans. 
In connection with his trade, he bought a small 
farm, which he cultivated, and where the boy- 
hood days of our subject were spent. He had to 
work hard in helping to clear the farm, and had 
a poor chance of obtaining an education. 

Thomas J. Allison remained at home assisting 
to till the farm until he was twenty-one years of 
age. He then learned the trade of a stone-cutter, 
serving two years, for which he received fifty 
cents per day. He worked mostly along the rail- 
road, particularly in Ohio, and in 1852, when 
twenty-seven years of age, he married Miss Maria 
Davison, of Ironton, Lawrence County, Ohio, 
b>- whom there is one child, Mary, now the wife 
of J. A. Sterling, of Arkansas City, Kan. Her 
husband is a conductor on the railroad. Mrs. 
Allison died when her child was but three months 

In June, 1857, Mr. Allison came to Missouri 
and took a contract for the building of a portion 
of the Missouri Pacific Railroad, which took him 
about three years. He brought with him to this 
state about $6,000. On the 7th of February, 
i860, he married Miss Susan E. Garnett, of Ot- 
terville, Cooper County, Mo. She was born in 
Culpeper County, Va. , June 23, 1840, and is a 
daughter of George T. and Mary J. (Hume) 
Garnett, the former a native of Culpeper Coun- 
ty, Va., and the latter of Madison County, the 
same state. They moved to Cooper County, Mo., 
in 1856, the present Mrs. Allison, however, re- 
maining in Virginia until 1859. She received a 
good education in the private schools of her na- 
tive .state. 

When the late Civil War came on Mr. Allison 
moved back to his native town in Ohio, and pur- 
chased an interest in a flouring-mill. He oper- 
ated the mill for about two years, when he sold 
out and again resumed work building railroads. 
He took a contract to do mason work for twenty 
miles on the Marietta & Cincinnati Railroad, 
which took him about three years to complete. 
In the spring of 1866 he returned to Missouri, 

locating in Warrensburg. Before he went back 
to Ohio he had purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres of land in Cass County, Mo., but on ac- 
count of bushwhackers, he did not feel safe to go 
to that county on his return to Missouri, so he 
rented a farm near Warrensburg. However, in 
1867 he removed to his farm in Cass County and 
began its development. In about two years he 
sold out and came to Holden, purchasing prop- 
erty in the town. He afterward bought four 
hundred and eighty acres near the city, which he 
has since continued to improve, though living in 

Politically Mr. Allison is a Republican, but 
was at first a Whig, having voted for General 
Taylor in 1848. In 1856 he voted for General 
Fremont, and has since supported the Republican 
ticket at all national elections. He is a stock- 
holder and Director in the bank at Holden, and 
was one of its organizers. This was the first 
chartered" bank in the place. He and his wife 
have long been members of the Baptist Church, 
in which body he has been a Deacon some twelve 
or more years, Mrs. Alhson is quite an active 
member of the Ladies' Mis,sionary Society of the 
church, and both have greatly at heart the cause 
of the Master. 


MAMUEL J. REED, a prosperous farmer and 
/\ stock-raiser of Johnson County, moved to 
VjJ/ his present home on section 5, township 44, 
range 28, in 1883. Here he has a valuable home- 
stead, comprising two hundred and ten acres, on 
which stand good buildings, fences, etc., which 
are kept in a thrifty manner. He is quite a lead- 
er in the local Democracy, and has served as a 
delegate to conventions frequently, but is not an 

The parents of our subject are Samuel and 
Sarah (Adams) Reed, the former born in 1800, in 
Virginia, being of Scotch descent. His father 
died in the Old Dominion, and with his mother he 



moved to Kentucky when a lad of five or six 

years. About the time of reaching his majority, 
he was married, and to him and his wife were born 
seven sons and five daughters, of whom S. J. is 
the sixth. In 1836 the family moved to Howard 
County, Mo., making the journey with team and 
wagon. Mr. Reed purchased three hundred and 
twenty acres of land, and continued to dwell in 
Howard County until 1858, when he sold out, re- 
investing in two hundred and eighty acres in 
Johnson County. By his extensive dealings in 
hogs and live stock, he made a fortune, and in 
order to sell them he made several trips to Ken- 
tucky, and sometimes went as iar east as Virginia. 
In 1824 he cast his first Presidential ballot, and 
from that time forward was always a Democrat. 
His death occurred March 8, 1888, but his wife 
preceded him to the silent land several years, dy- 
ing in April, 1872. One of his sons, Joseph, was 
killed in the Confederate service, at the battle of 
Prairie Grove, Ark.; and another son, Albert, 
died while in camp near Ft. Smith. 

Samuel J. Reed was born in Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Ky., May 28, 1832, and was only four years 
of age when he came across the country to Mis- 
souri. He received a fair common-school educa- 
tion, and continued to make his home with his 
father until past his majority. Following his 
father's example, he commenced trading in horses 
to a small extent, and was quite successful. On 
the outbreak of the war he entered the Confed- 
erate service, and fought until the close of the con- 
flict. He was present in the battles of Lexing- 
ton, Carthage, Wilson Creek, Springfield, Iron 
Mountain, Prairie Grove and Cape Girardeau, 
besides participating in many skirmishes. Much 
of this time he was in the cavalry, and at Helena, 
Ark., he took part in the disastrous battle there, 
and also went with Price on his famous raid, 
every day being one of carnage. In his opinion 
the worst fight which he ever saw was one near 
Ft. Scott, Kan. When the southern army sur- 
rendered, he was at Shreveport, La., and after- 
ward he returned home and resumed farming. 

New Year's Day, 1867, Mr. Reed married Miss 
Mary Scott, who was born on the 31st of Octo- 
ber, 1842, and is a native of this county. Her 

father, Richard vScott, was a native of North Caro- 
lina, while her grandfather, William Scott, was 
born in Scotland. Her mother, who bore the 
maiden name of Jane Beatty, was born in Ten- 
nes.see, and her maternal grandfather was a na- 
tive of Ireland. Seven children graced the union 
of Mr. and Mrs. Reed. Florence married Van 
Reed, and lives in Kansas. Marion Albert, born 
July 25, 1871, took a commercial course at Se- 
dalia, and recently has been engaged as a clerk at 
Latour. The younger children are Mollie L., 
Lena K., Nannie L., George Em mett and Octa 
Bernice. Lena K. is now a student at the State 
Normal at Warrensburg, and the other children 
are receiving good educational advantages. Aft- 
er his marriage Mr. Reed rented land for about 
two years, when he had acquired enough means 
to purchase eighty acres. Assisted by his faith- 
ful wife, who is a true helpmate, he is now the 
proprietor of a valuable homestead and enjoys a 
good income. 



MAMUEL R. SANKEY is a member of the 
7\ firm of S. R. Sankey & Bro., of Holden, 
Vi/ and is a well known insurance, loan and real- 
estate business man. In December, 1889, he 
bought out Bradley Brothers, his predecessors, 
and has since given his entire attention to his 
present occupation. He owns a number of pieces 
of valuable town property, and one hundred and 
thirty acres of farm land. He is in every respect 
a self-made man, as he was obliged to start out in 
his active career without capital, other than his 
determination to succeed. 

Mr. Sankey was born in Harrison County, 
Ohio, October 14, 1862, and is a son of Samuel 
Farmer and Eliza J. (McGee) Sankey, whose his- 
tory appears at length in the sketch of our sub- 
ject' s brother, A. M. Sankey, which is found 
elsewhere in this volume. In February, 1869, 
Samuel R. emigrated with his parents to Johnson 
County, Mo., and passed the intervening years 



between that and his majority on his father's 
farm. He received a good education in the pub- 
lic schools, and was a student in Holden for two 
years. He was but twenty years of age when he 
began to teach, following this vocation for two 
winters. During the vacation he went out on 
the plains as a cow boy, and traveled through 
southwestern Kansas, the Cherokee Strip and 
into Texas. In 1S85 he went to California and 
worked on a large grain ranch, thus paying his 
way while seeing the country. In the .spring of 
1886 he returned, and entering Spaulding's Com- 
mercial College at Kansas City, graduated from 
that institution in April, 1887. 

On being offered a position on the Missouri 
Pacific Railroad as baggagemaster, night ticket 
and express agent, Mr. Sankey accepted the place 
and served faithfully in that capacity for two 
years. In the spring of 1S89 he went to Colorado, 
and for some months was in the employ of the 
Denver & Rio Grande Express Comp