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Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent 
and Representative Citizens of the County, 






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jHE greatest of English historians, Macaui.ay, and one of the most brilliant writers of 
the present century', has said: '-The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In coufornaity with this idea the Portrait and Biographical 
Album of this county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter tliat can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by tlieir 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to a ranic second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of tiieir life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
man}', who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way,'' content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and streugtii of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country's 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost upon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the publishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the bioo'raph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of man}', will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 


Chicago, INovember, 1 b8','. 














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HE Father of our Country was 
Mg^born in Westmorland Co., Va., 
~^'Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged hns not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spelling v/as rather defectivs. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great physical 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 14 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved vsiy 
essential to him. In 1751, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie ni North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


trip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says : " I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was leveling my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
CO resign his conmiission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
■jf Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia,Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The Jjattles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
wlio was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under ever}' possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Wasliington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

In February, 1 7 89, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments ; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean ; and 
wiiile perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term* many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in h's throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne wi'h military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interes*, 
the more highly we must estimate the force cf his tal- 
ent and cliaracter, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well |iroportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appcararce of 
li.Tugh'iness, and ever serious without being dull. 

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OHN ADAMS, the second 
„ President and the first Vice- 
President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
Quincy ),Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry- 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1 640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braiutree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams, His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
"school of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils, cf diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (1765), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward huldinj, a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very popular 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocates of the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegateo 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himseh 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against tbs 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of ave 
appointed June rr, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th; 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil, 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable e[ioch in the history 
of America. I am ajrf to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized with pomp, showsi 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays -of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such proposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath, ^\'hile in England, still drooping anddesjxmd- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
-storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 

February 24, r785; Congress appointed'Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
■ to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought ]5ermission to return to 
liis own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President, though not without much opposition. 
.Serving in this office four vears.he was succeeded h\ 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
class of atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to \vx\\ its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished theii 
earthly pilgrimfge, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had lieen rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found hmiself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his ::ttendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spiiit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests,was intellectual ard expres ■ 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and imcourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Teffer.son. 



1 DMAS JErPEHs'o"lirfi 

born April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
\vell, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
fronr the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
and Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
a. id splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow. 

Upon Mr. Jeff'erson's large estate atShadwell, there 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest yet 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon, 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams. 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was ap.|)ointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feelings of that 


man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, vvhicji, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
i;overign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
■ narkable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
1/ the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British otficer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monticello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, r789, he became Secretary of State 
ui Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. 7, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union ; this was tlie con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man tlie plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
forty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
lic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and ujwn the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 7826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence^ 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer, 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their testivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
d;iy, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expresied the earnest wish that 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day v/hich his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they dejjart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed;, his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery ; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 

/- cZ/<-'<-^'~^ -.i-'v^ 

(tiM-^ /T'lv 


iwm> ni^Disoi). 


of the Constitution/' and fourth 
^''President of the United States, 
was born March i6, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
"*=^ June 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubUc were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 

ftate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
i esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 177 i, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsr 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-woik of 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
ip.ind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life \v&& not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembh'. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of liis 



intellectual, social and moral worth; contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In tne year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a mernber of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efificient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urgmg all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, 10 take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every State but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention ; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
Inhere was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little jxjwer at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by tne conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable power of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occujiied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as i\Irs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his . administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had lirousht us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat ; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the i8th of June, 1812, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the countrj- 
in general approved; and iNIr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1 8 13, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventurss of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infant 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British flett, early in Februaiy, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the Lhiited States under blockade. 

The F^raperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on tiie banks 
of the Patu.xet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door to 
await his Sjjeedy return, hurried to meet the ofificers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 




^ WW& W>WW- «fe. 



AMES MONROE, the fifth 
.Presidentof The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early- 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in the prov- 
nice in which he was born. "When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
«' of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army, when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry ; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff" of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-canip ; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on tiie invasions of the enemy, served as a volun- 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 17 82, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremittii^g energy for the public good, 



be was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
ihe Congress of the United States. 
Deeplyas Mr. Moiiroefelt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
ihinking, with many others of ^he Republican party, 
that it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate ; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent iaeas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of tlie Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much ijower, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal constrtiction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we sliould help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclara-ation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to Prance to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory tlien known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Tneir united efforts were sue 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Department 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return oi 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United Stales had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not \\ish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub- 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation l)y Euro]iean 
powers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediateh' affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term Mr, Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until r83o, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July, 1S31 

J, 5, Al 



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W}^. QniI]6Y ^D^IIQS. 


sixth President of the United 
"States, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father, 
John Adams, in Qiiincy, Mass., 
on the I ith cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 
daring the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
' his motlier on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his fatner for Europe, 
through a fleet of liostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paiis, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering mnrks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
Tohn Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to :.tudy; then accompained his father to Holland, 
v/nere he entered, first a school in Amsterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea-s of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
his studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in tiie spring of 1782, he accompanied his father to 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on tlie Con:iner,t; 
examining arcnitectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. After 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, and 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of tlie world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wislied then to study 
law, that wUh an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty, 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
Gieat Brilian. After thus spending a fortnight ii\ 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, r797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beilin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was married to an 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughtev 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in London; 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminenlly fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, lie solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, i8og. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adarns was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an importart 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in Jane, 1819, for the United States. On the 
18th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty -one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question wei:t to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
♦Ke past history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in th6 city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew- 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
lx)rtentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
" the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. 'I he 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Us moral dating and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination : 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2ist of February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth ;"tlien after a moment's 
]iause he add-jd, '■^ I am eotiteiit" These were the 
last words of the grand "Old Man Eloquent." 




seventh President of the 
■ United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
Dlow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful in obtaining their exchange. 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illnjsc 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, si;aas 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, wlien he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
witn the Sharp Knife. 

In 179 1, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes- 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the elevsn 
counties. Andrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one meml cr in 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress tl.en 1 eld its 



s^iiij.13, — a disiaiKie of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
lionaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
scicond term of office was then expi;ing, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

,' Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held f^r six years. 

When the war of 1812 with Great Brilian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five hurdred 
volunteers. His offer was accej)ted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " Old Hickory. ' 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brotlier of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering upon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone Just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fori on 
one of the bendsof the Tallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort 
With an army of two thousand men, Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
il lys. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable brea:jt- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suply of arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. Wher. 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage war. 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
l)ower of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march. Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his litll-.' 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans \\ hich soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of aljout 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six iiundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 

'9'7 ^-z^'^ ^-i^^u^,^.^^ 




eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at the same 
place, July 24, 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about half way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in tliose 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
5i>ending six ye-ir*; in an office in his native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy wiih 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused tl;e 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State, 

His success and increasing ruputation led liini 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in tht. 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In t8 1 2, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged ;is one of the most 
pominent leaders of the Denioc-^.tic party, h.e lird 


ilie moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
p.ath leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 

In 1821 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
the Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
termined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
"State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret sptings of action; how to pull all 
the wires to put his machinery in motion ; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secreily and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outv/itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
lew thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
a[)pointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of Sta'e. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
s:ime autumn. The Senate, however, wjien it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably mure than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu- 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor tliat he 
failed of re election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in r848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald^ 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty -ears, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 

^ ;5f /fe^^^-^^^-^ 



WI^^IAM ilENirr HiAjyaSCIl. 

SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, \\ as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

fMr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
witli honor soon after the death of his father. He 
vhen repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine undtr 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
having obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death lie resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. Tliis 
Territory ,vas then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called " The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap- 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign \\\n\\ the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to tliis office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrisou 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. Aboui 


the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "'I'he Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
anorator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 1812, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations. Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
liighly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
Dus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not 
s|3eedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
n -.til day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge witli the liavonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing tlr" foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very fomiidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
D..'troit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re 

He won the love of jiis soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The oiily fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member of 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison Ijrought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nomii:ated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; bu*. 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant- with which anv President had ever been 
surro.mded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects. Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisv-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 




f^ji OHN TYLER, the tenth 
i,a Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and liigh social po- 
sition. At the earl)' age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with liis 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
r.ot retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General Govern- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term h; found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the piinciples of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
his profession. There was a rplit in the Deniocratic 



party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-si.x. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the No:th: but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus found himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
une.xpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his long life he had been 
opposed to the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccomm:nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
Tlie President, after ten days' delay, returned it wiili 
his veto. He «;uagested, however, that he vvould 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, e.xcepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled vvitli murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, '^6 retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, ai'-.d 
probably to his own unspeakable lelief. His first wife. 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles -city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with mformation from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. ^Vith sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hos|)itality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
orrc nesided, he was taken sick and soon died. 




-^ f^ 



AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 

^President of the United States, 

was born in Mecklenburg Co., 

N. C, Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 

^^^, ents were Samuel and Jane 

(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year i3o6, with his wife 
and children, and soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk farnly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principlesof morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had ito taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at liis 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 18 18, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genir.l ;ird 


:ourterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
natui^e in the joj s and griefs of others which ever gave 
liim troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. JacksoM, to the Presidency of the United States. 

la January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec- in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept . the Gubernatorial chair 
of I'Minessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
menjber, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1839,100k the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted" 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States, In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and war 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of " invasion,"was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our liands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in 'addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor, Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 


|VJLi!Li!u33^ A4 _i_ — Ti^A^'t^^v^ s^\ . 

V-^^-^-v-^-^ Vi.v.ivra?^AV \.)^V^ tuy-yj 

^ President of the United States, 
'''was born on the 24th of Nov., 

1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 

i2^^^S22a>o father, Colonel Taylor, was 
tjr^j'^G^'^ a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
""^ tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, fearless and self-reliant, and 
■nanifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Lidians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood u:i his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, iu 18 1 2, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
■jcd by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Their 
api)roach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block -houses- 
Until six o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to tlie 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black Hawk war, which, resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and m 
employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
hac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
he:c secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United Slates troops in Florida. 

After two years of sucli wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
end was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Me.\ico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca dc la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet' 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
r-implicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\^% sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
;pread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. 'l"he 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen toil; de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long years in the public service found 
tl.iir claims set aside in behalf of one <vli0se name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental suff'erings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy, expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the 9th of July, 1850. 
His last woids were, "I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense. Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
off".'nder to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
'touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marching.s and combats. In short, 
few men have ever had a more comfortable, labor- 
saving contempt for learnirg of every kind." 



•i 1^ 

^'ffllLLftRn FILLMORE. '4 

"^^-Jy tjl^^^ 

teenth President of the United 
States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the 7th of January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 

f position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
' young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain fanner's boy ; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst fur knowledge became insatiate; 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more 
than a mere worker with his hands; and lie was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and cf gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened that 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
Wood, — who was struck with the prepossessing a'j- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
r.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal' ■ 
ind then enters a law office, who is by no means a: 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he was 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention , and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the \Vhig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degri e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tunmltuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past e.xpe- 
rience as a representative gave him stsength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as' Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the apijroaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
namesof Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmtre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer lo the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buff"alo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 


^ ,; :^^ ^"FRflNKLIN PIEREEJ4 .:^/ ■ ^^,:, 4^-. 

fourteenth President of the 
J^'" United States, was born in 
Hillsborough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Witliout de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good, scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most popular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four years. The last two years be was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834, he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with wiiich her huslsand was honoied. Of the 



three sons who were bom to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking au active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of tlie North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the i2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thu-. far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pieice 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be- 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point It became evident that there was 
an "irrepressible conflict " between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on eveiy South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentimer.t, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contiibuted liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 

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\MES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
jteenth President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the AUegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father stood was called Stony 
Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plun;;ed into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or i;itellectual 
advantages. When James was eight yeaisof age, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
l)rogress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
»o study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled him to master the most abstruse subjects with 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1812, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest law) ers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e of tiie 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
ciuired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. ,Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, WeLstcr. 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated the meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of making repri- 


JAMES BUCHANAN. against Fiance, to enforce the payment of our 
claims agaiiirit that country; and defended the course 
of the Pi-c->iddat in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was broaght into direct collision with Heary Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, tliat Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. ' Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now e.xists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the pi^rpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1050, 
which included the fugiiive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
u:ion his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
o ir country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
reived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th, 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
years were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political princi|iles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
i-.ation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
[n this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws, 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominaled Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slaverv 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offerthem 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. Thif 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed. " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston ; Fort Sumpter 
was besieged; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized ; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion. 
Hp died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 







sixteenth Piesideiit of the 
J^United States, was born in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
1809. About the year 1780, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
^■^' Lincohi left Virginia with liis 
family and moved into the tlien 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily appro:;ched b)- 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty witji five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth foi-ever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of coarse no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
liimself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving motlier, and push out into the world, a friend- 
.ess, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus sijent the whole of his youth as a 
laljorer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buili a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abrahain was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
"All Ihat I am, or hope to be," e.xclaims the grate- 
ful son "I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana. Where 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teacii him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly family 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and their 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, wl e.i 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which aident spirits were causing, and 1 ecame 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a dro[) of iritoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, " Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat. 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them dowr^ 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Wjiatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to giv?. 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this .ndvcn- 


tLire his cmployeis were so well pleased, that upon 
Ins retarn tiicy placed a store and mill under his care. 

1,1 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislattire, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
:\Ir. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
o .e hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
ilavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th ot June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
nrominent. It was generally supposed he Avould be 
the nominee, Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him : 
and aslittle did lie dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
only, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that vas poured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 186 1, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was frought 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to "get up a row, " 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from HarrisL'urg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent ai.y possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Cor.- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincol.i 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trial;, bo'h personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to oneof them, .'\pril 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grar.t, however, left the city. President Lincoln, fee'- 
ing, witu his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John AVilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguisli. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will filly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country ■"'iil 
live with that of W^ashington's, its father; his country- 
men being unable to decide whirh ^s tt'e ureater. 



teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 1808, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
W'J? their child. When Andrew was five 
I years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow- workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner, 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the boo^- 
but assisted him in learning to combine the lettorc 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed 3.. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could to 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos 
sessed some education. Under her instructions )ie 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age, 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin ^ "an 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thos^ 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these resiwnsible posi- 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abi. 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this anne.xation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to Ireedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the '"ree States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedof his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of iSuj, ne 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidenc)'. In 186 1, when the purpose of the South- 
ern Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
Jhey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter ini:onsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginnirig of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotently, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his naro.e, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 





eighteenth President of the 
|> United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resaca de la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the ani):«»al, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
10 aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the 15th of 


June, J 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the mihtary 
district of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains. Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter upon ♦)■'<" duties of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
ihe army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5 th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
name of Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation wenf in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 



1'^tl'^'^t^t^'^t,;.- .'..v,v; 



the nineteenth President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as farbackas 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both famiHes belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune ovtr caking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in i6iSo, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George way born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his liie. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lvje, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythej at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel aud grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born inNewHaven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an utiknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious, 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day, 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter- 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver^ 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 


subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
wasMiot expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
jast night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
nim, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You reed not laugh," said iNIrs. Hayes. "You 
wait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he went to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education ; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838,31 the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1841;, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

In 1 849 he moved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence upon his subse- 
(aient life. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe ; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members suck men as'^hief Justice Salmon P. Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everj'body knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman- 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office of 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional life. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take up 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage end fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevet'ed 
Major-General, "for gallant and distinguished ; trvices 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1S66. 

Ir. 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 187 s. 

In 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican P.irty in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average on°. 



♦$: -# » *- -"S* #- «• A C ^ >* ^^ ^ ^^ -«• .5^ * 


tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. 19, 
I S3 1, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and EHza 
p (Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
% tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
..ds about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
tween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
:iard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
i"he household comprised the father and mother and 
:heir four children — Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
Tames. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
.racted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
diis time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
tell how much James was indebted to his biother's 
ceil and self sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' ^irnggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sureof tlie 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until he 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city. 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio &: Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way. 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to hisreliaio.i: 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the i&N 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian comnmnions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of tlie many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
tarian cliarity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1S61 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
(Humphrey M^rshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof the 
General Coutt-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the " Chief of Staff." 

The military history of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gei? Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for si.xty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. Ther-^ he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to which 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of tiie 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
liefore in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the fou: deed. 



twenty-first Presi^'-^.u of the 

^^United States, was born in 

P ranklin Cour ty, Vermont, on 

thefifthofOdober, 1830, andis 

the oldest of a family of two 

sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. William 

Arthur, aBaptistc'',rgyman,who 

emigrated to th'.s country from 

the county Antrim, Ireland, in 

his i8th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success^ 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward nwr^d the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthurs 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon, 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed hmi Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New York, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the 'sading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, i88r, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York, 
Sept. 20, 1881. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were, on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rj'ing with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself 

Cy^-Crt^y;^ Cj^C^utZ^Oyi^^i 


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LAND, thetwenty-second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not liij 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
isk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
Epeak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 
my boy.'" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply. " Good gracious ! " remarked 
the old gentleman ; " do you, indeed .' What ever put 
that into your head.'' How much money have you 
got."" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told them what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
vhere they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
but indue time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
t," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
eiected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishment upon two 
criminals. In 1881 he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time for 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people and to worse 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1882, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
II, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, WiUiam C. Whitney, of New 
York ; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 





twenty-third President, is 
the descendant of one of the 
historical families of this 
country. The head of the 
family was a Major General 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate in the trial of 
Charles I, and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 1660. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
min Ilarrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years 1774-5-6, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Gen William Henry Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with -a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territory, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by de.ath within one month after his inauguration. 
President Harrison was born at North Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. 30, 1833. His life up to 
the time of his graduation by the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to th3 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female school 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At tht 
expiration of that time young Harrison receivsid th'; 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left him 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legacy as a 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, taks 
this money and go to some Eastern town anZ be- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out wita his 
young wife to fight for a place in the world. Re 



decided to go to Indianapolis, 'which was even at 
that time a town of promise. He met with slight 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
the first year. He worked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
I'ession. He is the father of two children. 

In 1860 Mr. Harrison was nomiuated for the 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and then be- 
gan his experience as a stump speaker. He can- 
vassed the State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 1862 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantrj', and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
but Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his braver}^ 
at Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentarj' terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
•he Supreme Court declared the office of the Su- 
preme Court Reporter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ir-g Indiana with his regiment until the fall of 1864 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another terra. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
iever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
incidents of the war. 

In 1868 Gen. Harrison declined a re-election as 
reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 1876 
£6 was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
feated, the brilliant campaign he made won for him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecially in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part in the campaign, 
and w:„': elected to the United States Senate. Here 
ne served six years, and was known as one of the 
ablest men, best lawyers and strongest debaters in 

that body. "With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in every partic- 
ular, and on this account, and, the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journej^ed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and his 
power as a debater, he was called upon at an un- 
commonlj^ early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began to agitate 
tlie countr}-. He was an uncompromising anti 
slavery man, and was matched against some of tlie 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his State. 
No man who felt the touch of his blade desired to 
be pitted with him again. With all his eloquence 
as an orator he never spoke for oratorical effect, 
but his words alwaj's went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a splec 
did t^-pe of the American statesman. Gifted witli 
quick perception, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Many of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Man}' of his terse 
statements have alreadj' become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in thouglit, precise in logic, terse in statement, 
yet withal faultless in eloquence, he is recognized as 
the souiid statesman and brilliant orator of the day 

> -^a^ili-i 


-< >»» 


first Governor of Kansas, 
was elected under the Wy- 
andotte Constitution, and 
upon the admission of the 
State, Jan. 29, 1861, was 
inaugurated as Chief Ex- 
No. better man could have 
been selected to lay the foundations 
of the State, for his mind was crea- 
tive, original and vigorous. Rarely 
working by copy, he belongs to the 
class who think and originate, and 
with whom precedence and text-books 
have little authority. At this time a 
great State was to be formed from most incongru- 
ous elements. It required men of genius and orig- 
inality to formulate laws and a constitution, and 
to this work the vigor and ingenuity of Rob- 
inson were peculiarly adapted. Men of all classes, 
sorts and conditions, had rushed to this section 
upon different objects bent — some to assist in build- 
ing up a State, some to make money, to secure no- 
toriety and political preferment, but more, perhaps, 
as cosmopolitans, having little interest in its repu- 
tation or its future. 

That the work before Gov. Robinson was ac- 
complished in a praiseworthy manner, a grateful 
people readily acknowledge. In his course, which 
necessarily was opposed to the rough and irrespon- 
sible element, he made many enemies and was im- 
peached by the House, but on his trial by the 
Senate no evidence was adduced to connect him 
with any illegal transaction, and a case of malicious 

prosecution was clearly established, which left his 
good name untarnished. 

In reviewing the career of a prominent public 
man, it cannot be called complete without the story 
of his early life. Gov. Robinson was born at 
Hardwick, Mass., July 21, 1818, and received a 
good common-school and academic education, be- 
sides two years' drill at Amherst College. His 
father, Charles Robinson, was a pious and consci- 
entious man, who cherished an inherent hatred of 
slavery, and the latter quality of his father's char- 
acter Charles inherited in a marked degree. Upon 
religious subjects, however, he was always inde- 
pendent and liberal, and is considered heterodox, 
although for the great principles of Christianity, 
which serve to improve society and make better 
men and women, he has the highest regard. 

There is but little which is ideal or sentimental 
in the nature of Gov. Robinson, as his life has 
been spent principally dealing with men upon prac- 
tical principles. Before completing his studies he 
was obliged to leave college on account of ill- 
health, and his eyes failing him from hard study, 
he walked forty miles to consult a celebrated phy- 
sician. Dr. Twichel, of Keene, N. H., and there 
became so sensibly impressed with both the quack- 
eries of medicine as so often practiced, and the real 
utility of the healing art as a science, that he deter- 
mined to study medicine, and after a preparatory 
course entered for a series of lectures at Wood- 
stock, Vt., and Pittsfield, Mass., and from the 
school of the latter he was graduated, receiving his 
diploma with the high honors of the class. Subse- 
quentlj' he became connected with the celebrated 



Dr. J. G. Holland in the management of a hospital. 
In 1849 he started out as a phj'siciuu to a colony 
bound overland to California. They arrived in 
Kansas City April 10, and on the 10th of May fol- 
lowing, left with ox and mule teams for the Pacific 

On the nth of May, thirty-nine yeai's ago, rid- 
ing his horse at the head of a colony of gold- 
seekers, Gov. Robinson ascended Mt. Oread, where 
now stands the State Universitj' of Kansas, whose 
Regent he has been for thirteen consecutive 
years, as well as its faithful, intelligent and gener- 
ous friend. In his note book at that time he wrote 
that if the laud was opened to settlement and entry, 
he would go no further, as there seemed to be gold 
enough for all human wants in the rich soil of the 
Kaw Valley, and beauty enough in the rolling prai- 
ries beyond to meet all the aspirations of ordinarj' 
men. He pushed on, however, to California, and 
there followed a variety' of occupations, being mi- 
ner, restauranteur, editor and member of the Leg- 
islature. Then he returned to Massachusetts, and 
in 1852 commenced the publication of the Fitch- 
burg iVe^fs, which he conducted two years. 

At the time of the repeal of the Missouri Com- 
promise, and the intense excitement coincident 
with the organization of the Territories of Kansas 
and Nebraska, Gov. Robinson was sent out by 
the New England Aid Society to Kansas, charged 
with saving it to freedom. In the darkest hours of 
that long struggle, as well as in its hour of victory, 
he seemed to be the one safe counselor and leader 
of the Free-State forces. His California experience 
bad rounded and ripened a robust nature, and the 
perils that the hero of the squatter troubles had 
passed through in that strange combination of craft 
and cunning, fitted and schooled him for his Kan- 
sas work. In the "Wakarusa War," when the city 
of Lawrence, only 600 strong, was besieged bj' an 
opposing force of 1,200, Dr. Robinson, as he was 
called in those days, was chosen Major General of 
the Free-State party. He constructed forts and 
rifle-pits which did their service, but as a negotiator 
and diplomat he excelled. He wanted Kansas to 
be lawfully free, and felt justified in availing him- 
self of any agency which would assist him in ac- 
complishing this. Althougli the recognized leader 

of tlie Free-State forces, it was not Robinson, but 
Lane, that the Quantrell ruffians sought when they 
massacred in cold blood 180 of the inoffensive citi- 
zens of Lawrence. 

In 1855 the Free-State men had been driven 
from the poUs. Robinson was among the first to 
repudiate the authority of the bogus laws, and was 
unanimouslj' chosen a delegate to the convention 
which met at Topeka to formulate a State govern- 
ment. From May, 1856, until September, he was a 
prisoner at Locompton, charged with treason. Af- 
ter serving his term as the first Governor of the 
State, he was, in 1872, chosen a member of the 
Lower House of the Legislature, and in 1874 
elected State Senator and re-elected in 1876. At 
the last election he came within forty-three votes 
of beating his opponent for the State Senate, and 
where the party majority of the latter was about 

Gov. Robinson has been twice married. By 
his first wife, Miss Sarah Adams, daughter of 
a highly respected Massachusetts farmer, two chil- 
dren were born and both died in infancy. The 
mother died in 1846. On the 30th of October, 
1851, he was married to Miss Sarah D. T. Law- 
rence, daughter of a distinguished Massachusetts 
law3'er, and connected with the celebrated Law- 
rence family of that State. Of this union there 
are no children. Mrs. Robinson is a lady of 
high literary culture, and has written one of the 
best of the many books which have been published 
on Kansas. Though highly accomplished, she is 
not much of a societj^ woman, being content to 
dwell quietly at home on their farm, which lies 
five miles out from Lawrence, and is the resort 
of many friends, who meet a refined and elegant 

In 1856 Gov. Robinson pre-empted a portion 
of the land which, upon his journey to Califor- 
nia, he had viewed with so much admiration. lie 
now has one of the finest homes in his section 
of countrj', where he resides in affiuent circum- 
stances, busying himself in looking after his farm, 
esteemed by his neighbors, and amply honored by 
the great State, in laying the firm foundations of 
which he rendered such efficient service over a 
quarter of a century ago. 


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^HOMAS CARNEY, the sec- 
ond Governor of Kansas, 
was born in Delaware Coun- 
ty, Ohio, Aug. 20, 1824. 
His ancestry was a mixed 
one, composed of Irish and 
German. His father, James 
Carney, was of Irish descent, be- 
ing the grandson of one of the 
same name, who came to this 
country and assisted the Colonies 
in the war with Great Britain. 
His mother was remotely of Ger- 
man descent, and like his father 
was born in Pennsylvania. Thej' 
removed to Ohio the j'ear before 
the birth of Gov. Carney. They 
were Presbyterians, in which faith Mr. C. was reared. 
The portion of Ohio in which Mr. Carney was 
born was then a wilderness, and the family engaged 
in farming, the land having to be cleared first. The 
father died when the lad was but four years old, leav- 
ing the mother with four children, the eldest being 
only six years of age, the early life of young Carney 
therefore was spent in work of the hardest kind, 
from the moment he was old enough to be of any 
assistance. From the age of seven to eighteen he 
worked on the farm belonging to the family, and 
then started for himself as a farm hand for six 
months, at $10 a month. From the time he was 
eleven years of age until he left home, he was the 
teamster of the family, and carried the products of 
the farm to Newark, thirty-six miles, his motive 
power being a yoke of oxen for most of the time. 
He attended school some during the winter 

months, and after he was eighteen went to school 
in Berkshire, Ohio, for six months. After this he 
commenced a long, persistent and weary search for 
employment in a store, and was finally successful 
in Columbus, where he remained in the employ of 
a retail dry-goods house for two years, and then took 
service with a wholesale dry-goods establishment in 
Cincinnati. He obtained, while in the retail house, 
$50 a year and his board for the first year's serv- 
ice, and for the second year $100. At the end 
of this period he was given a quarter interest in 
the firm, with his name at the head of it. A rise 
of so great rapidity is unprecedented. He resided 
in Cincinnati twelve years. 

Mr. Carney's health became impaired by his de- 
votion to business, and in 1857 he visited the West, 
and commenced business in Leavenworth in the 
spring of 1858. In 1861 he was elected to the 
State Legislature, and in 1862 was elected Gov- 
ernor. He entered on his duties the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 1863, at a time when Kansas affairs were in 
a most critical condition. 

In 1864 he was elected to the United States Sen- 
ate, but as there was some doubt as to whether or 
not the time at which the election was held was 
the proper one, he declined the position. He was 
soon after elected Mayor of Leavenworth, and was 
re-elected. Since that period, 1866, he has occupied 
himself wholly with his private business. 

The earlier struggles of the future Governor 
were arduous and severe, but probably had their 
effect in strengthening him for the career for whicii 
he was destined. When he took possession of the 
gubernatorial office, in January, 1863, he found the 
State of Kansas but Utile better than a political and 



financial wreck. A local writer referring to that 
period says, that the "State was in peril at almost 
every point, and its settled portions were one ex- 
tended camp. A rebel force hovered on its eastern 
and southern borders, while Indians were murdering 
and scalping in the west. Nothing short of a con- 
stant vigilance could prevent the rebel enemy 
invading the State and butchering the people." 

An appeal was made to the military authorities 
for assistance and to Gov. Carney for protection. 
It was at a time when the General Government was 
too busy with the Rebellion to give close attention 
to matters in a new and remote State, and hence 
the Governor was obliged to depend on his own 
resources. He was equal to the emergency. The 
State had no money, no men, no arms, no ammuni- 
tion, with which to protect itself, but even this did 
not discourage him. He visited the menaced re- 
gions, and soon satisfied himself that something had 
to be done, or the State would be overwhelmed by 
the perils which threatened it. In the counties 
which were more particularly threatened, the popu- 
lation became uneasy, and removals were being 
made to places of safety by so many of the resi- 
dents that there loomed up a probability that the 
entire region would become a desert. 

After looking over the ground. Gov. Carney de- 
termined to raise a force of 150 men from citizens 
of the menaced region, and to employ them as a 
patrol along the border, so that no hostile move- 
ment could be made without detection, and the 
people could be warned of danger in time to rail}- 
at the necessary points for defense, all being armed 
and organized into military organizations. This 
patrol was hired by the Governor for the public 
defense out of his private means. He agreed to 
pay 81 a day each, for man and horse, the United 
States Government furnishing the rations. He put 
this force in the field, and kept it in active opera- 
tion, at a cost to himself of over $10,000. At the 
same time he was a Captain in the home guards, 
and many a night was on guard like the private 

The little patrol put in the field by the Governor 
preserved the borders from invasion so long as it 
lasted, which was some three months. At a later 
period the Governor was notified by the com- 
mander of the Federal forces that he was able to 
care for the safety of the State, and thereupon the 
patrol was abolished. Almost immediateh' after it 
was disbanded Quantrell made his raid into Kansas, 
and Lawrence was attacked, burned, and its resi- 
dents massacred. Concerning this feature of the 
transaction the Governor says: "While this patrol 
was on the border the arrangements were such that 
the different members could speak with each other 

every hour, and thus be in a position to almost in- 
stantly communicate with the residents in case of 
invasion. When the Government notified me that 
it could take care of the border I disbanded the 
patrol, and within three da)'S Lawrence was in ashes 
and 180 people were foully murdered. The mili- 
tary was scattered in squads over a distance of 
twenty-five miles along the border, and when Quan- 
trell moved into Kansas he had no difficulty in 
marching between the Federal divisions. The march 
of Quantrell was entirelj' unknown and wholly un- 
expected. Not a living soul knew that he was in 
the State when he arrived before Lawrence. A 
man living on the route taken by the guerrillas saw 
them, and mounted a horse and undertook to carry 
the information to Lawrence. His horse fell and 
the rider's neck was broken, and thus the sole wit- 
ness of the invasion was silenced." 

It will show the benevolent disposition of the 
Governor to state that from his own pocket he gave 
$500 to the widow of the man who undertook to 
carry the warning of danger to Lawrence. 

The entire official career of Gov. Carney was of 
the stormiest and most perplexing character, and it is 
certain that, with an official head less clear and 
efficient, the embarrassments and perplexities of 
Kansas would have proved insoluble. Cool, self- 
possessed, firm, intelligent, he guided the State 
through the storms, breakers, whirlpools and rocks, 
which were encountered, and finally reached the 
harbor, with the vessel much battered but sound in 
frame and in all essential particulars. 

The following is a copy of a resolution passed by 
the Kansas Legislature after his term of office had 
expired : 

"Resolved by the House of Representatives of 
the State of Kansas, that the thanks of this House 
and the people of tlie State of Kansas are justly 
due to Hon. Thomas Carney, late Governor of the 
State of Kansas, for the honest, faithful and im- 
partial manner in which he discharged his executive 

Gov. Carney is possessed of ample wealth, which 
he uses to the best advantage. His wife was Re- 
becca Canady, of Kenton, Ohio, who has devoted 
much of her time for a number of years in caring 
for the orphaned children of the State. His chil- 
dren ave four in number, all boys. 

No man in Kansas is more honored and re- 
spected than he, and no man has done more, either 
in a public or private way, for the advancement of 
the State and its institutions. Its railroads, bridges, 
churches, school-houses, and its citizens needing 
assistance, all bear witness to his liberality and 

-^Si^ ^ 


_£)Ci32^iisZ ^. (^T'zl^fd^do 

third Governor of the State of 
Kansas, was born in Lawrence 
County, Ind., April 10, 1835. 
His ancestors were Scotch- 
Irish, who emigrated to Amer- 
ica at an early period in Col- 
onial days. His paternal grandfather 
served in the war of the Revolution 
as a soldier from the State of North 
Carolina, and his maternal grand- 
father was a planter in the same State. 
His father, William Crawford, emi- 
grated, in 1815, to the then Territory 
of Indiana, and located in Lawrence 
County, where he became a success- 
ful farmer. Although l)orn, reared 
and educated in a slave State, the elder Crawford 
had imbibed unconquerable prejudice to the insti- 
tution of slavery, and as a consequence turned his 
baclv upon friends and kindred and sought a home 
in the Northwest Territory, in which slavery and 
involuntary servitude had been forever inhibited. 
The subject of this sketch was reared upon his 
father's farm, and received a common-school and 
academic education. At the age of twenty-one he 
became a student at law in the office of the Hon. S. 
W. Short, of Bedford, Ind., pursuing his studies 
until the fall of 1«57, when he entered the Law 
College at Cincinnati, from which institution he 
was graduated in 1 M58. 

In March, 1 859, he bade adieu to home and friends, 
proceeded to th^ Territory of Kansas, and located 
in Garnett, the countj' seat of Anderson County. 
Here he practiced his profession of the law, and was 
elected a member of the first .State Legislature, 
which convened at Topeka, March 27, 1861. 

The attack upon Ft. Sumter, following swiftly 
after the Montgomery Secession Convention, the 
failure of the Peace Conference, the Proclamation 
of Jefferson Davis calling for 100,000 men, and 

the seizure of Government property by Fl^vd 
and Twiggs, without protest from tlie Executive, 
thrilled loyal Kansas to the very core. President 
Lincoln made his first call for 75,000 volunteers in 
April, 1861. Responding to this call, Mr. Craw- 
ford resigned his seat in the Legislature, returned 
home, recruited a company, was chosen its Captain, 
assigned to the 2d Kansas Infantry, and mustered 
into the United States service. He served with the 
regiment, participating under the gallant Gen. 
Lyon in the battle of Wilson's Creek and various 
other battles of the Missouri Campaign fought 
during the summer and fall of 1861. In the winter 
of 1861-62, the regiment was re-organized, and 
became the 2d Kansas Cavalry. Capt. Crawford 
was assigned to the corhmand of Company' A, and 
soon thereafter promoted to the command of a 
battalion. He participated with his regiment in the 
battles of Newtonia, Old Ft. Wayne, Cane Hill, 
Prairie Grove, Van Buren, and various other en- 
gagements fought by Gen. Blunt during the Trans- 
Mississippi campaign of 1862. 

It was in these engagements that Capt Crawford 
developed extraordinary ability as a cavalry leader. 
At tlie battle of Old Ft. Wa3'ne he charged the 
enemy's lines and captured a battery under circum- 
stances which almost forbade the venture, and for 
which achievement he was complimented in General 
Orders. At the battles of Cane Hill and Prairie 
Grove he acquitted himself with great credit, and 
was again complimented by the commanding Gen- 
eral. In March, 1863, although holding the rank 
of Captain, he was assigned to the command of the 
2d Kansas Cavalry, and led the regiment in the 
campaign of that year through the Indian Territory 
and Western Arkansas, which resulted in the battles 
of Perryville, McAllister and the Backbone Mount- 
ain, and the capture of Ft. Smith bj' the Federal 
arms. The 2d Kansas Cavalry covered itself with 
glory in these memorable campaigns. 

In October, 1863, Capt. Crawford was promoted 
to be Colonel of the 83d United States Infantry, 
and with his regiment accompanied Gen. Steele on 
the Shreveport, La., expedition, which moved 
southward, in March, 1864, from Ft. Smith and 



Little Rock to co-operate with Gen. Banks in his 
Red River campaign, participating in the battles 
of Prairie De Hand and Saline River. At the latter 
affair Col. Crawford charged and captured a battery, 
which his men brought off the field by hand, all the 
artillery horses having been killed or disabled. 
This battle resulted in a complete victory for the 
Union forces, to which consummation Col. Craw- 
ford's regiment largely contributed. After this 
battle he returned with the 7 th Corps to Little 
Rock, and thence, with the Kansas Division, under 
the command of Gen. Thayer, to Ft. Smith, Ark. 
In Julj', 1864, Col. Crawford commanded an expe- 
dition into the Choctaw Nation in pursuit of the 
rebel General, Standweighty, whom he routed. 

September 8, 1864, while still in the field. Col. 
Crawford was nominated as the Republican candi- 
date for Governor of Kansas. Obtaining leave of 
absence, he bade adieu to the gallant army with 
which he had served so long, and on the 9th of 
October returned to Kansas. <Upon arriving at Ft. 
Scott be learned that a heavy body of the enemy, 
under Gen. Price, was moving westward through 
Central Missouri, with the design of laying Kansas 
in waste. He hastened to Kansas City, arriving 
October 17, reported to Gen. Curtis, commanding 
the Federal forces there concentrating to resist Gen. 
Price, and was assigned to duty as a volunteer aid 
on his staff. A few days subsequently the battles 
of the Blue, Westportand Mine Creek were fought, 
and at the latter engagement Col. Crawford ordered 
and participated in a charge with two brigades of 
cavalry, which resulted in the capture of the Con- 
federate Generals, Marmaduke and Cabell, 500 
prisoners and eight pieces of artillery. This battle 
closed his military career in the war for the sup- 
pression of the Rebellion, and on April 13, 186.5, he 
was promoted by the President of the United States 
to the rank of Brigadier General by brevet, for 
meritorious services in the field. 

On the 7th of November, 1864, Col. Crawford 
was elected Governor of the State of Kansas, and 
in 1866 was re-chosen for a second term. During 
his holding of the gubernatorial ofBce,he re-organ- 
ized and consolidated the Kansas Volunteer Regi- 
ments, and secured the enactment of new laws, 
under which the State Militia was placed on war 
footing for the protection of the people against 
rebel invasions and Indian incursions. He devoted 
much of his time to the establislunent and main- 
tenance of the various State institutions, an<l on 
retiring from office he left the Deaf Mute, Blind and 
Insane Asylums, the .State Universitj', the Agricult- 
ural College and State Normal School, in success- 
ful operation. He also gave considerable attention 
to the preparation and dissemination of pamphlet 

literature respecting the advantages of bis State, 
with the viev/ of encouraging emigration thereto. 

During the memorable years of 1867 and 1868, 
hostile bands of Indians hovered on the borders of 
Kansas, driving back the settlers, checking the con- 
struction of the railroads and threatening to cut off 
communication between Kansas and the Western 
States and Territories. For two years an Indian 
war of savage barbarity was carried on. Many 
settlers were killed, scalped, and their bodies mutil- 
ated. Large amounts of property were captured 
and destroyed. Women and even children were 
outraged, and others carried into captivity to suffer 
a fate worse than a thousand deaths. 

The Federal forces stationed on the border and 
the State troops furnished by Gov. Crawford were 
inadequate for the protection of the people. The 
Indians followed their custom of making war dur- 
ing the summer months, and then retreating to their 
homes in the Indian Territory to be fed, clothed 
and nurtured by the Government in winter. Finally, 
in August, 1868, the settlements of North-.vest 
Kansas were raided by these Indians, who killed 
and wounded some forty persons, carried women 
into captivity, and also committed other atrocities. 

As soon as the terrible details of this last mas- 
sacre reached the ears of Gov. Crawford, he pro- 
ceeded at once to the scene of disaster, saw that the 
dead were properly buried and the wounded cared 
for, returned to Topeka, organized a regiment of 
cavalry, resigned the office of Governor, and with 
his regiment accompanied Gen. Sheridan on bis his- 
toric campaign into the interior of the wild country 
bordering on Texas, where the hostile tribes had 
always felt secure from punishment during the win- 
ter season. These Indians were attacked and cap- 
tured in the Washita Valle}', in December, 1868, 
and several of their chiefs held as hostages until the 
captive white women were delivered up. 

Gov. Crawford returned home after the close of 
this campaign and has since been successfullj^ en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession. Nov. 27, 
1866, he was married to Miss Isabel M. Chase, 
an estimable and accomplished lady, of Topeka, 
where they now reside, and the union has been 
blessed by two children, daughter and son. Gov. 
Crawford is possessed of an imposing presence, his 
height being six feet two inches, with the accom- 
paniment of a Herculean frame, symmetrically 
proportioned, and a pair of shoulders Atlas might 
fairly envy. His manners are the very essence of 
courtesy and gentleness, and altogether he presents a 
marked type of the energetic, patriotic and sturdy 
sons of the great West — suaviier in modo, fortiter 
in re — with whom the high sense of duty stands first 
and foremost in every relation of life. 


■'gJtjS't^t^t^t-^.'. V.'i 


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I' iK^i^^^^^j- 

t •- '.•".Vt^ti^ii^i^'iSg' t 

""'^'''^'^^^^A' >-^-'<J'^/ f>©^-2X«i*-^-' 

Governor of the .State of 
Kansas, possesses a his- 
tory eminently worthy of 
^5^ record, as that of a man 
^^_q who has distinguished him- 
'^ self in many positions of 
tuist and responsibility, and in all 
acquitted himself creditably, both 
in private and public life. A na- 
tive of Hardin County, Ohio, he 
was born March 8, 1837, and after 
a course of preliminary study en- 
teied the Ohio "VVesleyan Univers- 
ity, and subsequently taught school 
for a number of years in Logan and 
Champaign Counties, that State. 
Our subject when a 3-outh of eighteen years came, 
in March, 1855, to Kansas, and took up a claim in 
Douglas County. The countiy at that time was 
inhabited mostly by Indians and coyotes, the earli- 
est white settler having arrived only a few months 
before. Young Green, studious and ambitious 
beyond his years, in 1857 was admitted to the bar, 
and practiced until 1859, but finding lawyers more 
numerous than clients, and that the Free-State men 
were no longer in danger of being overpowered by 

the border ruffians, he returned to Ohio, and en- 
tered the ministry, becoming a member of the Cin- 
cinnati Methodist Episcopal Conference. He was 
stationed at Aberdeen and Williamsburg, until the 
first call by President Lincoln for troops to quell 
the Rebellion. 

In 1862 Mr. Green enlisted in the 89th Ohio 
Infantry as a private, and suljsequently became 
Lieutenant of Company B, and served under Gen. 
Cox in West Virginia during the celebrated cam- 
paign which brought Gen. McClellan so promi- 
nently before the nation, and in which it will be 
remembered this regiment distinguished itself. The 
89th was subsequently transferred to the Array of 
the Cumberland under Gen. Sherman, and Lieut. 
Green marched at the head of his company, going 
all through the Atlanta campaign, and endearing 
himself to his comrades by his kindly solicitude for 
their welfare, and the practical sympathy which in- 
duced him to literall}' bear their burdens, namely, 
their knapsacks, until he too was overcome by the 
heat, and fell by the way bleeding at the lungs. 
From this he did not rapidly recover, indeed, was 
not expected to live for a time, and was finally 
compelled to resign his position, and seek the care 
and quiet of home. 

Lieut. Green returned to Kansas in 18G5, and 



resuming his ministerial duties, was stationed at 
Manliattau two years. The year following he was 
elected Lieutenant Governor, and upon the resigna- 
tion of Gov. Crawford, Nov. 4, 1868, succeeded 
to the executive chair for the remainder of tlie 
term. In the meantime he did not lose his interest 
in the church, and was appointed Presiding Elder 
of the Manhattan District, but on account of the 
ill-health of his wife retired to his farm until 1873, 
when he again entered the conference. His own 
health, however, never fully restored since his ex- 
perience in the army, obliged him to abandon the 
ministry, with the exception of preaching occasion- 
ally at church dedications, and upon other occasions 
where benevolent work was most needed. 

In November, 1880, Mr. Green was prevailed 
upon by his neighbors to allow them to use his 
name as a candidate for the Legislature, and being 
elected served faithfully his term, and in 1881-82 
was Speaker pro tern. When relieved of his public 
duties he turned to the pursuits of agriculture, to 
which he has since given his attention. 

Mr. Green owns one of the finest farms on MUl 
Creek, and which comprises 840 acres of land, the 
greater part under a high state of cultivation. 
Upon it there is an abundance of timber and water, 
and all the other facilities for carrying on farming 
and stock-raising after the most approved methods. 
In the feeding of cattle he has introduced the 
methods which have given them the precedence, 
and his were the first Riley County animals known 
to have been bought in the Kansas City market for 
shipment to England. 

The first wife of our subject, and to whom he 
was married in 1860, was Miss Ida LelHngwell, of 
Williamsburg, Ohio, and who died in 1870, leaving 
three children — Glenzen S., Effie and Alice. In 
1873 Mr. Green contracted a second marriage, with 

Miss Marj' Sturdcvant, of Rushvillo, N. Y., by 
whom he has two children — Burtis U. and Ned M. 
He has two brothers in Kansas : Lewis F. Green, 
of Douglas County, who was the coalition candi- 
date for Congress in the Second District last fall; 
and George S. Green, of Manhattan, of the firm of 
Green & Hessin, attorn eys-at-law, and who is now 
representing the southern part of Riley Countj^ in 
the Legislature. 

In his private character Gov. Green is thoroughly 
upright, conscientious as a minister, progressive 
and patriotic as a citizen, and as an orator has no 
superior in this State, and but few in the country. 
He is thoroughly posted on political questions, and 
with his irresistible wit and humor invariably holds 
the attention of an audience, while his clear and 
earnest style seldom fails to convince. Among the 
men of his county none are more popular tha.. he 
who is familiarly called " the Governor." 

The career of Gov. Green as a pioneer citizen 
has been one eminently worthy and useful to the 
communitj' in which he has resided, and his neigh- 
bors and old friends unitedly bear testimony to his 
sterling worth and his valuable services both to the 
church and State. He was well calculated b^' 
nature to aid in the building up of a new countrj', 
possessing the judgment and forethought necessary 
to determine what was to be done, and the manner 
and time in which it should be accomplished. In 
building up one of the finest estates in this region 
he has contributed largely to its standing and repu- 
tation, and his industry has been an incentive to 
others about him. The result thus produced is a 
highly intelligent and progressive community, 
which was not slow to take advantage of leader- 
ship, especially when the leader possessed noblest 
principles of character and sound judgment 

^.J^^^iyUCCd tA . <//~-Cl^ 

AMES M. HARVEY, fifth Gov- 
ernor of the State of Kansas, and a 
Virginian by birth, is a native 
of Monroe County, and was born 
Sept. 21, 1833. His parents, 
Thomas and Margaret ("Walker) 
Harvey, were also natives of the 
Old Dominion, but removed 
from that State when their son 
.James M. was quite young. 
He acquired his education in the 
public and select schools of In- 
diana, Illinois and Iowa, and 
following his tastes and talents, 
became a finished practical sur- 
veyor and civil engineer. Mr. 
Harvey, in the 5'ear 1859, just before Kansas was 
freed from Territorial enthrallment, and when she 
was struggling to become one of the sisterhood of 
States, removed hither, settling in Riley County. 
He at once became warmly interested in the affairs 
of this section of couutrj', and distinguished him- 
self for his ability, intelligence and enthusiastic sup- 
port of the measure which was to make the Territory 
a full member of the American Union. The pur- 
suit of agriculture at that time offered a more ample 
income than his profession, and in this he at once 
engaged, but the seclusion of the farm did not con- 
ceal his eminent ability and his talents from the 
public, and he was a prominent factor in the affairs 
of Kansas for a period of nearly thirty years. 
It was not long after his arrival here until the 

Civil War was precipitated upon the country, and 
James M. Harvey enlisted as a soldier of the Union 
army, and was soon given a Captain's commission 
in the 4th and 10th Regiments, which were consoli- 
dated. He served with honor in the campaign in 
which his command took part, and was mustered out 
in 1864. The following year, and also in 1866, he 
was elected to represent his county in the Kansas 
Legislature, where he displayed such power as to 
attract the leading men of the commonwealth, and 
in which he gave unmistakable indications of the 
distinction he would achieve in the future. After 
serving his terms creditably as a member of the 
House, he was, in 1867-71, a member of the Senate, 
and in the latter year was elected Governor. 

The duties of these various offices Mr. Harvey 
discharged with that fidelity and ability which en- 
titled him to still higher distinction, and accordingly 
on the assembling of the State Leglature, in 1874, 
he was elected to fill the vacancy occasioned by the 
resignation of Alexander Caldwell, United States 
Senator. This vacancy had been temporarily filled 
by the appointment of Robert Crozier, but the 
Legislature promptly recognized the claims of Mr. 
Harvey, and gave him the merited compliment of 
his regular election to that position. He took his 
seat on the 12th of February, and in this, as in all 
other places which he was called upon to fill, dis- 
charged his duties with great credit to himself and 
honor to his State until the 4th of March, 1877, at 
which time his term expired. 



During Mr. Harvey's incumbency of the Gov- 
ernor's office much important work was done b}' the 
Legislature, including the issuance of bonds for 
the military expenses of the Indian War, and pro- 
viding a military contingent fund for the protection 
of the frontier of the State against Indian depreda- 
tions — these two objects calling for $275,000; and 
also the further issuance of bonds to aid in com- 
pleting the west wing of the State Capitol, $70,000 ; 
to defray the expenses of raising the 19th Regiment, 
§14,000; and $1,.500 was appropriated to buy seed 
wheat for destitute farmers on the frontier. Dur- 
ing that term also the east wing of the new eapitol at 
Topeka was so far completed that on December 25 
they were occupied by the State officers. At that 
date there had been expended on the wing com- 
pleted and on the west wing, on which work was 
still progressing, the sum of 1417,588.29. At the 
annual election, which occurred Nov. 8, 1870, 
Gov. Harvey received over 19,000 majority over 
his Democratic opponent. For United States Sena- 
tor, to serve the unexpired term of Caldwell, tlie 
balloting commenced January 27, and was continued 
four daj's, no candidate receiving the required 
seventy votes necessary to a choice. On the 2d of 
February, Mr. Harvey was elected on a joint vote 
of seventy-six as against fift3'-eight thrown for all 
other candidates. 

During the twelfth session of the Kansas Legis- 
lature, James M. Harvey, Governor, thirty-eight 
laws were passed. Amo.ig them were bills authoriz- 
ing or legalizing the issuance of municipal bonds ; the 
State Board of Agriculture was created ; $3,000 was 
appropriated for the relief of Western settlers, and 
$2,500 for the Freedman's University of Quindaro; 
the boundaries of Kingman and Harvey Counties 
were defined, the latter named in honor of James 
M. ; two new judicial districts were created, the 
Thirteenth and Fourteenth: the salaries of State 
officers and Judges of the Supreme Courts and 
Districts Courts were increased ; and an act passed 
providing for the sale of Normal School lands; 
Commissioners were also appointed to provide for 
the settlement of losses by Indian depredations 
between 1860 and 1871. 

Gov. Harvey upon retiring from public life re- 
turned to his farm at Vinton, Riley County, where 

he resided for a time, and then returned to the 
vicinity of his old home in Virginia, and is now 
living in Richmond. On the 4th of October, 1854, he 
was united in marriage with Miss Charlotte Cutter, 
of Adams County, 111., and of this union there 
were born six children, four daughters and two 
sons, namely : Clara, Emma, Lillian, jMartha, James 
N. and John A. 

The assuring smile of peace fell upon Kansas for 
the first time in her existence when the war of the 
Rebellion ended, and about the time Mr. Harvey, 
after serving valiantljr in the ranks of the Union 
army, returned to Riley County, and was called 
upon to assist in the further great work which lay 
before both legislators and people. It was a time 
demanding the best efforts of its wisest men, and 
Mr. Harvey in his sphere was equal to the emer- 
gency, and to the perplexing duties devolving upon 
him as Legislator, Senator and Governor. Twelve 
years of turmoil and strife had trained the inhabitants 
to know no rest save in motion, and no safety ex- 
cept in incessant vigilance. Under this discipline 
their character had become as peculiar as the expe- 
riences through which they had passed. A rest- 
less energy was the controlling element, and the life 
of ease and peace was one so foreign to their ex- 
perience as to strike them as almost unnatural. 
The}^ however, under the fortunate rule of a wise 
executive, turned to the pursuit of the peaceful arts 
and conquered the right to the free soil they now 
tread. Mines were opened, railroads built, hus- 
bandry and manufactures brought wealth and plenty, 
and peace and prosperity reigned. 

Along with the happy state of affairs just above 
mentioned, there were also built up the indispensa- 
ble* adjuncts of churches, schools and charitable 
institutions, together with happy homes, villages 
and cities, and all else which marks the develop- 
ment of a civilized and free people. Every man 
who at that critical period performed his dutj- de- 
serves to be perpetuated in history. Among these 
James M. Harvey was likewise equal to the emer- 
gency, and is amply entitled to have his name en- 
rolled among the patriots of that period, who labored 
efficiently in bringing about the future prosperity 
of the commonwealth which now occupies a proud 
position among the States west of the Mississippi. 


/^UJX-y,^^ c^ 

of the most popular and 
distinguished gentlemen 
who ever served the State 
of Kansas as her Executive, 
is to-day an honored citi- 
zen of that great common- 
wealth and a resident of her capital 
city. He was chosen to this high 
position at a critical time in the 
history of the State. While it 
is true that no commonwealth in 
our glorious galaxy of States hns 
been so sorelj' tried or passed 
through so many and such severe 
ordeals, there have been some peri- 
ods of greater trials than others. 
One crisis after another has come upon this people, 
but there was alvvaj'^s a firm and wise hand ready 
and able to guide the ship of State through the 
storm and over the shoals. Kansas found in the 
person of Mr. Osborn a safe leader, a patriot and a 
statesman. From thg year 1872 to 1877 was an 
important period in the history of Kansas, and during 
this time Thomas A. Osborn stood at the head of 
its affairs. Manj' vital questions were forced upon 
the Executive during these eventful years, and the 
record he made then will ever endear him to tlie 
hearts of the people of the State he so efficiently 
served. When tried he was not found wanting, 
but demonstrated that he possessed a sound judg- 
ment, a keen foresight, and an unfaltering devotion 
to the well-being and prosperity of the State. Though 
a stanch Republican as a citizen, as a Governor he 
was lion partisan, and worked impartially to the bet- 
terment and welfare of the whole people. Not only 

has he been a valued citizen of the State because 
he so ably filled the Gubernatorial Chair for two 
terms, but because for over a quarter of a century 
he has stood in the front rank of her most progres- 
sive and patriotic citizens, aiding in every laudable 
enterprise having for its object the public good. 

Thomas A. Osborn was born nearly fifty-two 
years ago, at Meadville, Pa., Oct. 26, 1836. He 
attended the common schools of his neighborhood 
during his boyhood, and at the age of fifteen com- 
menced life as a printer by carrying the newspapers 
of the office. Here he served a full apprenticeship, 
and in the meantime pursued the course of study 
which had been interrupted by the necessity of 
making his own living. By his labors at the case 
he was enabled in due time to earn enough money 
to pay his way through Allegheny College, and in 
1 856 he commenced the study of law in the office 
of Judge Derrrickson, of his native town. The 
year following he came to Michigan, and was soon 
afterward admitted to the bar. In November, 
1857, he migrated to Kansas, and began his career 
in the Territory at Lawrence, as a compositor in the 
office of the Herald of Freedom. Such was his 
fidelity to duty, and his industry and efficiency, 
that he was soon promoted to the position of foreman, 
and in M.arch, 1858, the editor of the paper, after 
a two- weeks absence, expressed his thanks "to his 
worthy foreman, T. A. Osborn, Esq., for the very 
satisfactory manner in which he has conducted its 

Before Mr. Osborn was twenty-two years old he 
commenced the practice of law at Elwood, Doni- 
phan County, and soon acquired a fine reputation 
in his chosen profession. Politically, he was a strong 



Republican and Free-State man, and in 1859 was 
elected Senator from Doniphan Countj^ to the first 
State Legislature, taking his seat in 1861, when 
twenty-five years old. The year following he was 
chosen Piesident pro tern of the Senate during the 
absence of the Lieutenant Governor, and during 
the impeachment trial of Gov. Robinson and others. 
His next promotion was his election to the office of 
Lieutenant Governor over his competitor, Hon. J. J. 

In 1864 Mr. Osborn received the appointment of 
United States Marshal in Kansas, by President 
Lincoln, and occupied the position until 18C7, re- 
siding during and after his term of office at Leaven- 
worth. In the fall of 1872 he accepted from the 
hands of his party the nomination for Governor of 
Kansas. The convention assembled atTopeka, and 
their candidate was elected by a m.ajority of 34,000. 
He was dtily inaugurated in January, 1873, and 
served with so great ability and rendered such sat- 
isfaction that he was again chosen at the State Con- 
vention of his party for a second term. The fol- 
lowing November he was duly elected, and served 
another two years. 

It is proper in this connection to give a resume 
of some of the occurrences in Kansas at the time 
Gov. Osborn occupied the position of State Execu- 
tive. In May, 1874, during his second year as 
Governor, the Indians on the southwestern frontier 
commenced depredations upon the settlers in Bar- 
bour County, which were confined for a time to the 
stealing of their cattle and horses. In an attempt 
to recover some of the plunder, a detachment of 
United States Cavalry fatally wounded a son of 
Little Robe, a chief of the Cheyennes. This in- 
cited the Indians to open outrages, and in June five 
murders were committed. These outrages alarmed 
the entire southwestern border, and action was at once 
taken to place the more exposed points in as good 
a condition of defense as was possible. Companies 
were organized and armed in readiness for an emer- 
gency, and stockades were constructed by the set- 
tlers at Medicine Lodge, Kiowa, Sun City, and at 
points midway between the two latter places. Not- 
withstanding these precautions, hundreds of people 
deserted their homes and sought protection in the 
larger towns. In July other murders were com- 
mitted, and suspicion pointed strongly to the Osage 
Indians. Early in August a party of these, twenty- 
five in number, appeared near the town of Kiowa, 
claiming to be out on a buffalo hunt, and upon be- 
ing ordered to return to their reservation they re- 
fused to do so. This was communicated to Capt. 
Ricker, who was in command of a companj' of 
mounted militia, and who in setting out to find 
them, overtook them about fifteen miles northeast 

of Medicine Lodge. In the skirmish which ensued 
four Indians were killed. The savages now grew 
more bold and decided in their onslaught upon the 
white settlers, and by the Xst of September they 
had slain sixteen citizens, six of whom were resi- 
dents of Lawrence and peaceably engaged in sur- 
veying public lands forty miles south and twenty 
miles west of Dodge City. Gov. Osborn was com- 
pelled to keep the volunteer militia companies on 
the border in active service until nearly the close 
of 1874, and between those who urged extreme 
measures and those who, more timid, advised a pol- 
icy of extreme forbearance, he was in a position re- 
quiring gTeat ingenuity and temperance of action. 
Few men in his position could have done better, 
and more would probably have failed in assisting to 
bring all these troubles to a peaceable conclusion. 

After leaving the Gubei'natorial Chair in 1877, 
JMr. Osborn was appointed by President Hayes, 
United States Minister to Chili. In this position he 
remained for four j'ears, when be was tendered by 
President Garfield the position of Minister to the 
Empire of Brazil. This he accepted, and remained 
near the court of Don Pedro until the administra- 
tion of President Cleveland came into power. 

Mr. Osborn's record as a foreign Minister was 
not only highly creditable to our own Nation, but 
doubly so to him as an official and a citizen of the 
great peace-loving Republic of America. While in 
Chili he was quite active in trying to bring to an 
end the bloody war in which that country was en- 
gaged with Peru and Bolivia, and in 1880 presided 
over a conference of representatives of the bellig- 
erent power on board the American man-of-war 
"Lackawanna" in the bay of Arica, which had in 
view that object. He also interested himself in 
bringing to a peaceful conclusion the long-pending 
boundary dispute between Chili and the Argentine 
Republic. For his valued and able services in this 
connection he received the thanks of both nations. 

Since Gov. Osborn's return to the United States 
ho has occupied himself in various enterprises, and 
while not entirely eschewing polities, has made 
known his desire to be excused from filling further 
official positions. He stood at the bend of the Kansas 
delegation to the National Republican Convention in 
1888, and in that august assembly was a prominent 
figure. He is a man whose opinions are universally 
held in respect, and one who has no unimportant 
influence in the councils of his party. His early 
life and training served to build up within him that 
patience and self-reliance, and that perseverance in 
behalf of a worthy principle, which has been the 
secret of his standing among his fellowmen, and 
distinguished him as a man of more than ordinary 
ability', and one eminently to be trusted. 

e^rjg'tgi't^t'^t-^^ia.i^ s^ v^v-,. '.i&^i^c^t^i^'^fg^'i.V'i^; ,'^^ 


the seventh Governor of 
the State of Kansas, came 
of an excellent family of the 
I mpire State, who were or- 
thodox Quakers religiously', 
and who in point of the ele- 
ments which go to make up the bone 
and sinew of the social fabric, pos- 
seted all the characteristics of that pe- 
^^A^v' tulni people. He was born in May- 
" " "" " field, Fulton Co., N. Y., June 9, 1824, 
and spent his boyhood and youth on a 
farm, acquiring his education mostly 
in the winter season, and making him- 
self useful at agricultural pursuits in summer. 
About the age of nineteen he commenced learning 
the tin and copper smith's trade at Union Springs, 
Cayuga County, which he followed as a journej'- 
man five years, then repaired to Ballston Spa, and 
clerked in a hardware store until his removal to 
Medina, in 1850. 

In the town above mentioned Mr. Anthony found 

his future wife. Miss Rose A. Lyons, to whom he 
was married Dec. 14, 1852, and thereafter for a 
period of nine years was engaged in trade in hard- 
ware, tin and stoves, and also carried on the manu- 
facture of stoves and agricultural implements. Later 
he engaged in the commission business, and in due 
time was made Loan Commissioner for Orleans 
County, being thus occupied three years. 

During the late Rebellion and under the call of 
July 2, 1862, for additional troops, Mr. Anthony 
was selected bj' request of Gov. Morton as one of a 
committee of seven to raise and organize troops in the 
Twenty-eighth District of New York, embracing the 
counties of Orleans, Niagara and Genesee. In Au- 
gust following he was authorized to recruit an inde- 
pendent battery of light artillery of six guns, and 
which was subsequently known as the 17th New 
York Independent Battery. Such was the in- 
dustiy with which he set about this commission, 
that in four days the maximum number was secured 
and mustered into service, with Mr. Anthony as 
Captain, and they proceeded at once to Washington. 



Capt. Anthony served with his battery until the 
tlose of the war, operating between Washington and 
Richmond, and in front of the latter city and Pe- 
tersburg, being with the 18th Armj^ Corps during 
the last year of the war. He was breveted Major 
for services in the last caruiDaign ending at Appo- 
mattox Court House, and after the surrender of the 
Confederate forces, was mustered out of service at 
Richmond, Va., June 12, 1865. 

In November, 1865, Mr. Anthony changed his 
residence from Rochester, N. Y., to Leavenworth, 
this State, and became editor of the Leavenworth 
Daily Bulletin, also of the Leavenworth Daily Con- 
servative, filling the position two years and one-lialf. 
He subsequentlj' assumed proprietorship of the Kan- 
sas Farmer, which he conducted six years. In the 
meantime such had been the zeal with which he in- 
terested himself in the affairs of a State struggling 
for recognition, and only needing good men for 
leaders, that he was recognized as a man eminently 
fitted for promotion, and in December, 1867, was 
appointed United States Internal Revenue Assistant 
Assessor, and the following year Collector of Inter- 
nal Revenue. For three years be was President of 
the Kansas State Board of Agriculture, and for two 
years held the same position on tlie Board of Cen- 
tennial Managers for the State, and was discharging 
the duties of the three offices at the time of his 
election as Governor, on the 7th of November, 

Gov. Anthony, while State Executive, presided 
wisely as counselor over the many difficult ques- 
tions arising at that time, and retired from the 
office with the best wishes of those who had realized 
how faithfully he had endeavored to perform his 
duty. He continued his residence in Leavenworth 
after the expiration of his term of office, and there- 
after was employed much of the time in a respon- 
sible position, in connection with the extension of 
the great Santa Fe Railroad thi-ough New Mexico 
and into Old Mexico. 

That Gov. Anthony was popular during his in- 
cumbency of the Executive office, is indicated by 
the fact that the county seat of Harper County was 
named in his honor. Over the establishment of 
this town there was much earnest debate in regard 
to its location and many other important details in 

connection therewith. It is now a city of impor- 
tance, and was honored with a post-offlce in the 
summer of 1878. At first the service was only 
weekl}-, but in due time became daily, and it was 
made a money-order office in 1880. Previous to 
this, however, a bank had been established in a 
small frame structure standing on the street, and 
its business was soon conducted in a store building, 
with a capital of $20,000. The Globe Mills were put 
up in 1880-81, at a cost of over 125,000, and in due 
time commanded a large trade from points in the 
Indian Territory, as well as the surrounding towns. 

Churches and newspapers sprang up in due time 
in the town of Authonj^ and various lodges of the 
different societies were named in honor of the 
Governor. The town itself lies on the edge of a 
beautiful valley, a trifle over two miles from the 
geographical center of Harper County, and the site 
was selected after much deliberation by the Town 
Company, which had been formed at Wichita for 
the purpose, as it was found desirable to establish a 
town not far from the center of Harper Count}-, 
which embraced large tracts of beautiful rolling 
land. The projected town was considered a 
matter of serious importance, and not the least 
among the matters connected with its establishment 
was the name by which it should be called. The 
descendants of Gov. Anthony maj- be pardoned if 
in preserving their family history they keep prop- 
erly in view this fact in connection therewith. The 
town site was made to cover 320 acres, and the first 
work of the company was to build a barracks for 
the accommodation of emigrants, and to dig three 
public wells. 

About as soon as the announcement went forth 
that the " city of Anthony " was ready for settle- 
ment, about a dozen box houses sprang up as if by 
magic, and were soon followed bj' a store of general 
merchandise, a hardware and a drug-store, and closely 
upon the heels of these came a ph3-sician and an 
attornej-. The new town grew rapidl}', and now 
occupies a proud position among the other cities 
adjacent, going in some respects ahead of those 
which are older. As may be supposed, the patriot, 
the ex-soldier, and one of the most conscientious 
men who ever occupied the Gubernatorial Chair of 
Kansas, has watched its growth with lively interest. 


OHN P. ST. JOHN, eighth 
Governor of the State of 
Kansas, was boru in Brook- 
field, Franklin Co., Ind., 
Feb. 25, 1833. The family 
is of Huguenot descent. 
Daniel St. John, the paternal 
grandfather, was a native of 
Luzerne Countj-, Pa., and for 
'& sixty years was one of the fore- 
most ministers of the Universalist 
denomination, preaching with un- 
swerving faith the doctrines he 
had espoused, and illustrating their 
ifcjMj purity by aguileless and untarnished 
: reputation. He was the friend and 
contemporary of Murray, Ballou, Streeter and 
Thomas, and was numbered with them as one of 
the American fathers of this religious faith. He 
was also a Freemason, and at the time of his 
death, which occurred in Broad Eipple, Ind., was 
the oldest member of the fraternity in the State. 

The subject of this sketch was the sou of Samuel 
St. John, who was born in Orange County, N. Y., 
CAu\ was a man of more than ordinary ability. The 
mother, Sophia (Snell) St. John, was of English 
extraction, a lady of rare intelligence, with a char- 
acter adorned by all the Christian virtues. The 
children of farmers in the rural districts of Indiana 
forty years ago were taught by such instructors as 
the limited means of the inhabitants could com- 
mand, and who dispensed knowledge usually only 
two short terms each j'ear. Under these circum- 

stances the early education of John P. St. John 
was acquired. He soon mastered the elementary 
branches taught in the district school, but deter- 
mined to carry on his education as soon as he could 
secure the means, and /or this purpose, while yet 
a youth, entered a store, but devoted his leisure 
hours to his books. 

In 1852 Mr. St. John made his way to the Pa- 
cific Slope, and employed himself at whatever he 
could find to do — wood-chopping, steamboating, 
mining, merchandising, etc. During the period of 
eight years, which were pregnant with adventure, 
hardship, danger and toil, if not of profit, he made 
voyages to Central America, South America, 
Mexico, Oregon and the Sandwich Islands. He 
was engaged in the Indian Wars of Northern Cali- 
fornia and Southern Oregon in 1852-53, in which 
he suffered all the perils and hardships incident to 
the struggles of that time, and was several times 
wounded in the service. 

During his mining life in California the long- 
cherished predilection of Mr. St. John for the legal 
profession ripened into a definite purpose. He 
accordingly procured a few elementary law books, 
and under circumstances calculated to try the 
courage of one less determined, he commenced his 
law studies in his mining camp, reading each even- 
ing after the close of the day's labor by the light 
of a burning pine knot or the camp fire. lie thus 
pursued his studies laboriously for two years. In 
1860 he returned eastward with but little more of 
this world's goods than when he set out eight years 
before, but equipped with a rich experience, a 



knowledge of the world and a fair idea of common 
law. With the view of perfecting himself still 
further in his studies, he entered the office of 
Messrs. Starkweather <fe McLain, at Charleston, 111., 
and at the expiration of a year's time was admitted 
to practice at the bar, and became a member of the 
firm above mentioned. 

The anticipated professional career of Mr. St. 
John, however, was rudely broken in upon by the 
mutterings of Civil War, and laying aside his per- 
sonal interests, he enlisted as a private in Company 
C, 68th Illinois Infantry. The regiment was soon 
sent to Alexandria, Va., and St. John was assigned 
to detached duty as Assistant Adjutant General. 
He continued in this capacity until his term of 
enlistment had expired, but subsequently at Camp 
Mattoou, lU., he was placed in command of the 
troops there, given the commission of Captain, and 
upon the organization of the 143d Illinois, was 
elected Lieutenant Colonel of this regiment. They 
operated subsequently in the Mississippi Valley, and 
Col. St. John continued in the service until 1864, 
when he retired to private life, and resumed the 
practice of law in connection with Judge McLain> 
the surviving partner of the old firm. 

In February, 1865, Mr. St. John with his family 
removed to Independence, Mo., where he first 
became prominent as a politician, and as a most 
effective and popular orator. During his four- 
3'ears residence at that point he took an active part 
in the political campaign of 1868, making an effect- 
ive and vigorous canvass of Western Missouri in 
behalf of the nominees of the Eepublican party. In 
May, 1869, he changed his residence to Olathe, 
Kan., and associated himself with M. V. B. Parker 
for the practice of law. This continued until 1875, 
and Mr. St. John then formed a partnership with 
Hon. I. O. Pickering, of Olathe, and continued the 
practice of his profession until pressing public 
duties forced him to abandon it. 

The prominence of Gov. St. John in public life 
seems to have become his unsought, and as the re- 
sult of circumstances entirely outside his individ- 
ual purposes or designs. Up to 1872 he had given 
only such attention to political affairs as was 
vouchsafed by all intelligent and patriotic voters. 
He had held unsought the various local offices 

which fall to the lot of responsible citizens in the 
administration of town affairs, and as an ardent Re- 
publican had done acceptable work on the stump 
during the canvass of 1868. Four years later he 
was elected State Senator from Johnson County, 
and at once took a leading position, both on the 
floor as a debator, and in the committee rooms as 
an efficient business member. 

The temper.ance movement found a sturdy and 
fearless advocate of prohibition in Mr. St. John. 
Consequently when the question came to be an 
issue in the politics of Kansas, he was at once rec- 
ognized as the fit exponent and defender of the 
then unpopular doctrine. The Kansas State Tem- 
perance Convention accordingly nominated him as 
its candidate for Governor, in 1876. He declined 
the nomination, although in full accord with the 
convention on the issue it presented. That same 
fall he was on the first ballot in the Eepublican 
convention, the leading gubernatorial candidate. 
On the seventh ballot he withdrew his name, which 
action resulted in the nomination and subsequent 
election of Hon. George T. Anthony. 

At the Republican State Convention held two 
years later at Topeka, in August, 1878, Mr. St. 
John received the Republican nomination for 
Governor. Considering the distracting element of 
a third partj', the campaign was brilliant and effect- 
ive, and the result one of the most decisive politi- 
cal victories ever achieved in the State. In 1880, 
in a total vote of 198,238, Mr. St. John was re- 
elected by a majority over the next highest candi- 
date of 51,647 and a majority over all of 32,170, a 
fact which shows how satisfactory to the people 
had been the manner in which he had discharged 
the duties of his office during his first term. 

The great exodus of the colored people from the 
Southern States to Kansas began in 1879, and Gov. 
St. John at once took an active interest in their 
behalf. Through his influence, personal and official, 
the necessities of thousands of these destitute and 
suffering people were relieved and themselves 
placed in a position to become self-sustaining. In 
1882 his friends nominated him as Governor for a 
third term, but he failed of are-election. In 1884 
he was the nominee of the Prohibition party for 
President, and received 150.000 votes. 


EORGE W. GLICK, ninth 
Governor of Kansas, was its 
first Democratic State Ex- 
ecutive. He was born at 
Greencastle, Fairfield Co., 
Ohio, July 4, 1827, and on 
the paternal side is of Ger- 
man descent. His great-grandfather. 
Heniy Glick, was one of five brothers 
who left the beautiful Rhine country 
prioi to the Revolutionary War. In 
this immortal struggle they all partici- 
pated and subsequently settled in Penn- 
sylvania George Glick, grandfather 
of the Governor, served as a soldier 
in the War of 1812, and was severely wounded at 
the battle of Ft. Meigs. 

Isaac Glick, the father of George W., and who 
was prominent .as a farmer and stock-raiser of San- 
duslty Count}', Ohio, held for three consecutive 
terms tlie office of Treasurer of that county, and 
was a man accounted above reproach, both in his 
business and private character. He married Miss 
Mary Sanders, daughter of George Sanders, who 
was a soldier p.atriot in the War of 1812, in which 
he ranked as a Captain and bore the marks of his 
bravery in bodily wounds of a serious nature. Mrs. 
Mary (Sanders) Glick is a lady of high culture and 
great piety, active in the work of Christian charity, 
and of that retiring disposition which fully car- 
ried out the command of the great teacher, "Let 
not thy right hand know what thy left hand doeth." 
As a boy, George W. Glick was more than usually 
studious, and acquired a good English education, 
embracing the higher mathematics and the lan- 
guages, which lent a polish to his practical sense and 
business qualifications, and enabled him to succeed 

almost uniformly in his undertakings. When he 
was a little lad of five years the family removed to 
Lower Sandusky, now Fremont, where, after com- 
pleting his education, he entered the law office of 
Buckland & Hayes, the junior member of the firm 
being afterward President of the United States. In 
due time he passed a thorough examination in con- 
nection with the Cincinnati Law School students, 
and was admitted to the bar by the Supreme Court. 

Mr. Glick commenced the practice of his profes- 
sion at Fremont, Ohio, where his careful attention 
to the interests of his clients secured him a large 
patronage. Later he removed to Sandusky City, 
and in 1858 was made the Congressional nominee 
of the Democratic party in his district, but declined 
the honor in the presence of the convention, but 
accepted later the nomination for State Senator. 
Although defeated, he ran nearly 2,000 votes ahead 
of his party ticket. Later he was elected Judge 
Advocate General of the 2d Regiment of the Sev- 
enteenth Division of the Ohio Militia, with the rank 
of Colonel, receiving his commission from Gov. 
Salmon P. Chase. 

Late in 1868 Mr. Glick came to Kansas, locating 
in Atchison, and associated himself in the practice 
of law with Hon. Alfred G. Otis. This gentleman 
was well versed in jurisprudence, and as Judge of 
the Second Judicial District from January, 1877, to 
January, 1881, won golden opinions as an adminis- 
trator of justice. The firm of Otis & Glick contin- 
ued fifteen years, and was finally dissolved in con- 
sequence of a throat affection from which Mr. Glick 
had suffered for some time. The firm settled up 
its affairs aunually, never a dispute occurring, 
its last settlement iiaving been effected within an 

At the first election held under the Wyandotte 



Constitution, Dec. 6, 1859, Mr. Glick was made the 
Democratic nominee for Judge of the Second Judi- 
cial District, and received a vote larger than that 
of anj' candidate on his ticket. He was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives from the 
city of Atchison, in 1862, and each consecutive j' ear 
thereafter until 1867. He was re-elected in 1875 
and again in 1 880. During these years he was Chair- 
man of the Judiciary Committee, and was chosen 
to fill this position by the Republican Speakers of 
the House, who manifested the utmost confidence 
in his wisdom and integrity. Thereafter he served 
on the most important committees existing, and 
during the session of 1876 was Speaker pro tern of 
the House. In May, 1874, he served as State Sen- 
ator, having been elected to fill the vacancy caused 
by the resignation of the Hon. Joseph C. Wilson. 
From this time on Mr. Glick was constantly called 
into requisition by his party, being in 1886 a dele- 
gate to the Union Convention at Philadelphia, and 
in 1870 a member of the Democratic State Central 
Committee. Subsequently he was a member of the 
State Central Relief Committee, and was commis- 
sioned a Centennial Manager by Gov. Thomas A. 
Osborn in 1876. Subsequently he was elected 
Treasurer of the Board of Managers, and was pres- 
ent at the first meeting in Philadelphia, when the 
arranging of the display was completed. In July, 
1882, he was nominated by acclamation as the Dem- 
ocratic candidate for Governor, and at the election 
received considerable support outside of his party. 
Mr. Glick was County Commissioner of Atchison 
County upon his accession to the office of Governor, 
and was also holding the position of Auditor. In 
his election to this office he received about forty- 
six per cent of the votes cast, and was outdone by 
only one man in this respect, namely, John P. St. 
John, who, in 1880, received about fift^-eight per 
cent. Although a man of temperate habits, he docs 
not consider prohibition a sovereign remedy for 
the evils arising from the use of, and traffic in, in- 
toxicating drinks. In Februarj^ 1876, while a 
member of the House and during the tendency of 
the proposed amendment to the Dram Shop Act, he 
entered a protest, which was spread upon the House 
Journal, in which he maintained that the Prohibi- 
torji- Liquor Law hati, wherever tried, failed to ac- 

complish its purpose, and that this proposition was 
conceded by all who were not controlled by fanat- 
icism ; that no one would attempt to enforce such 
a law, and that regulation and control of the traffic 
was an absolute necessity for the preservation of 
the peace and good order of society, and that this 
control was made of no effect by the proposed 

Mr. Glick furthermore contended that the reve- 
nue derived from the sale of intoxicating liquors 
aided in paying the burdensome expenses following 
the wake of such sales, and that by the proposed 
law the burdens upon the public were increased 
while its ability to prevent them was decreased. 
He believed that if the bill became a law it would 
increase the number of places where liquor would be 
sold, thereby resulting in the increase of the evils of 
the traffic, and also the expenses of protecting life and 
propertj^ and preserving the public peace. 

The early Kansas railroads found in Gov. Glick 
a stanch and efficient assistant, and he was one 
of the first Directors of the Central Branch of the 
Union Pacific, running west from Atchison. He 
was also a Director of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa 
Fe — the important transportation line of the State 
and of the country west of the Mississippi. From 
the time of the organization of the Atchison & Ne- 
braska, he was its President to its completion, and 
spent four years of incessant labor in order to effect 
its construction from Atchison to the capital citj^ 
of Omaha. He organized the Atchison Gas Com- 
pany and secured the building of the works. Many 
of the buildings in the city of Atchison, both busi- 
ness and dwelling-houses, were erected by him, and 
he has generously disbursed his capital to encourage 
those enterprises best calculated to increase the im- 
portance of the cit3^ 

Mr. Glick was married at Massillon, Ohio, Sept. 
17, 1857, to Miss Elizabeth, daughter of Dr. A. 
Ryder, of Fremont, that State. "While he was State 
Executive his son Frederick was his private sccre- 
tarj'. This son and a daughter Jennie are his only 
children. Mr. Glick was the first Master of the 
Shannon Hills Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry. 
He has been a member of the Masonic fraternity 
nearly forty years, and aided in organizing the 
Royal Arch Chapter and Commandery, of Atchison. 

5IIE tenth Governor of Kansas 
was bora March 10, 1839, at 
Brownsville, Pa., and in his 
early days, after an ordinary 
education, learned the prin- 
ter's trade. In 1857 he went 
to Pittsburgh, and was em- 
ployed in the office of the Commer- 
cial Journal, and early in October 
of that year he emigrated to 
Kansas and located in Atchison. 
He purchased the office of the 
Squatter Sovereign in February, 
1858, and changed its name to the 
Freeman's Champion,, and on the 
20th of the month commenced his 
editorial career in this State, by 
the issue of the first number of the paper which he 
has since been identified with. He was always a 
stanch free-State man, and an earnest and ardent 
Republican, being among the organizers of that 
grand old party in his native State. He was Sec- 
retary of the Wj'andotte Constitutional Convention, 
and was elected State Senator before he was of age. 
During the summer of 1861 Mr. Martin assisted 
in organizing the 8th Kansas Infantry, of which he 
was appointed Lieutenant Colonel. The regiment 
served on the Missouri border during the fall and 

winter of 1861. Early in 1862 he was appointed 
Provost Marshal of Leavenworth, and in March of 
the same year his regiment was ordered to Corinth, 
Miss., Lieut. Col. Martin in command. A few weeks 
after, when at Corinth, the regiment with the 
division to which it was attached, was ordered to 
join Gen. Buell in Tennessee, and thereafter during 
the whole war it served in the Army of the Cumber- 
land. Lieut. Col. Martin was promoted to be 
Colonel on the 1st of November, 1862, and was 
Provost Marshal of Nashville, Tenn., from Decem- 
ber, 1862, to June, 1863. The regiment, under his 
command, took part in the battles of Perryville 
and Lancaster, Kj-., the campaign against Tul- 
lahoma and Chattanooga, the battle of Chickamauga, 
the siege of Chattanooga, the storming of Mission 
Ridge, the campaign of East Tennessee, in the win- 
ter of 1863-64, the campaign from Chattanooga to 
Atlanta, and the subsequent pursuit of Hood north- 
ward. Col. Martin commanded the 3d Brigade, 1st 
Division, 20th Army Corps, on the second day of 
the battle of Chickamauga, and during the siege of 
Chattanooga, and commanded the 1st Brigade, 3d 
Division, 4th Army Corps, from August, 1 864, until 
his muster out at Pulaski, Tenn., Nov. 17, 1864. 

In a lengthy description of the battle of Mission 
Ridge, published in the New York Times of July 



18, 1876, Maj. Gen. Thomas J. "Wood, who com- 
manded the 3d Division, 4th Corps, Army of the 
Cumberland, says: 

"Willich's brigade, in the center, had with it the 
heroic, accomplished Martin, Colonel of the 8th 
Kansas. What that regiment could not take it was 
not worth while to send any other regiment to look 
for. Martin was among the foremost to set the 
example of the upward movement, and among the 
first to reach the crest." 

In a letter published in the Cincinnati Commer- 
cial ot Jan. 24, 1876, the late Brig. Gen. August 
Willich, commander of the 1st Brigade, 3d Division, 
4th Armj"^ Corps, after stating that the orders he 
received at Orchard Knob, concerning the advance 
to Mission Ridge, were to "take the rifle pit at the 
foot of Mission Ridge, and to keep that position," 
and describing the advance to the base of the ridge 
and the capture of the rifle pits there, says : 

•'Herein the work assigned by Gen. Grant was 
accomplished. But now the fire of the enemy be- 
came very severe; the shells rent the ground in 
every direction; our lines were infiladed from the 
different spars of the ridge, where the enemy was 
protected against our fire by his works and his 
dominant position. There appeared at first thought 
to Gen. Willich, holding position about 100 yards 
behind the rifle pits, to be only three chances, viz : 
To obey orders and to be shot without effective 
resistance ; to fall back, or to charge. The second 
chance being out of the question, I galloped with 
Lieut. Green, of my staff, up to the 8th Kansas, 
lying in line behind the rifle pits. Col. Martin, 
commanding the regiment, seeing mc, jumped on 
the breastworks and shouted : 'Here we are, Gen- 
eral, what more ?' 'Forward, storm ! We have to 
take the works on the ridge,' was the answer. The 
Colonel: 'Altogether, boys, forward! Hip, hip, 
hurrah!' Like one man, the whole line, with one 
leap, cleared the breastworks ; forward they moved 
and the air was soon filled with the sound, 'Forward ! 
Forward!' extending more and more, right and left." 

Returning home. Col. Martin resumed control of 
the Atchison Champion early in Januarj', 1865, and 
on the 22d of March issued the first number of the 
Daily Champion. He has been commander of the 
department, a delegate to the National Republican 

Conventions of 1860, 1868, 1872 and 1880; was a 
United States Centennial Commissioner, and one of 
the Vice Presidents of that body; was one of the 
incorporators of the State Historical Society, of 
which he was President for one term; was elected 
by the two Houses of Congress one of the Board of 
Managers of the National Soldiers' Home, in 1878, 
and re-elected in 1882, being now Second Vice 
President of that body. He was married, June 1, 
1871, to Miss Ida Challiss, eldest daughter of Dr. 
William L. Challiss, of Atchison, .and has seven 

At the Republican State Convention, held in 
Topeka July 17, 1884, the rules were suspended and 
John A. Martin was nominated for Governor by 
acclamation. At the November election following 
he was elected Governor by a plurality of 38,495 
votes. At the Republican State Convention, held 
in Topeka July 7, 1886, he was again unanimously 
nominated for a second term, and at the November 
election following was elected Governor by a plu- 
rality vote of 33,918. He was the first and only 
Governor of Kansas who was twice unanimously 
nominated by his party for that office, and has 
served with distinction, filling the honored position 
occupied by his able predecessors with equal ability, 
and giving to the people as the Chief Executive of 
the populous and growing State, satisfaction. He 
is a man of honest, upright character, and abhors 
trickery and deceit, and in looking over his long 
and useful life he may well feel a just pride at the 
position he has won in the esteem and confidence 
of honest men, and the respect of all good citizens. 
There are but few men of the stirring State of 
Kansas who have been more closely identified with 
all public movements for the general welfare and 
prosperity of the State than John A. Martin. His 
name may be found on almost every page of the 
memorable history of Kansas, from the holding of 
the first Republican Convention, held at Osawato- 
mie in 1859, until to-day, when he is the leading 
spirit among the enterprising men of the most pro- 
gressive State of the Nation. A man of excellent 
judgment, moved by honest purpose and love for 
the general welfare of the whole State, he is always 
found identified with the right, and, as might be 
expected, popular with the people. 


.(Vi AAA^^/vv\^ J ^WAAvhXvvje^ 


This distinguished gen- 
tleman was chosen Gov- 
ernor of Kansas, at the 
election held in Novem- 
ber, 1888. He had made 
for himself an honorable record on 
the deadly battle-field, as well as in 
^^ the more monotonous, though not 
less courage-requiring hours of po- 
litical life, in the fields of journal- 
ism, in the forensic arena, and in 
the various capacities in wliicli he 
has labored for the public weal. It 
is not our purpose in this brief 
sketch, to dwell at great length upon his private 
life, his public record sufficing to indicate that his 
character is noble, and his example a worthy one. 
Gov. Humphrey was born in Stark County, Ohio, 
July 25, 1844. His father. Col. Lyman Humphrey, 
w!io was a native of Connecticut, of English de- 
scent, and a lawyer of distinction, died when the 
subject of this sketch was but eight years of age. 
At the outbreak of the Civil War. in 1861, Gov. 
Humphrey was attending the High School at Mas- 
sillon. and his fervid, patriotic heart was thrilled to 
the utmost, with an enthusiastic desire to serve his 
country, and uphold the flag which he had been 
taught to revere. Though only a boy of seven- 

teen, he enlisted in Company I, 76th Ohio Infan- 
try, a regiment famous for its bravery, and for the 
eminent men who belonged to it. Such was the gal- 
lantry, and the proper conception of a soldier's du- 
ties exhibited by him, that he had been promoted 
to the office of 1st Lieutenant, had acted as Adju- 
tant of his regiment, and had commanded a com- 
pany for a year, before he was out of his minority. 

Much active service was experienced by Capt. 
Humphrey, and among the battles in which he par- 
ticipated, were those of Donelson, Pittsburg Land- 
ing, Corinth, the siege of Vicksburg, Chattanooga, 
Atlanta, and the fighting around that cit}', he be- 
ing under fire five or six weeks in that single cam- 
paign. He was with Sherman in his march to the 
sea, was present at the capture of Savannah, and 
was engaged in many other trying scenes. He was 
with his regiment in the campaign through the 
Carolinas, and took part in the battle of Benton- 
ville, as well as in the capture of Gen. Joe John- 
ston's army. He was twice wounded, once at 
Pittsburg Landing, and once at Chattanooga, but 
refused to retire from the field. During the four 
years of his militar3' service, he never was absent 
from duty for a day. The regiment of which he 
was a member, belonged to the 1st Brigade, 1st 
Division, 15th Corps, Army of the Tennessee. 

At the termination of the war Capt. Humphrey 
resumed the studies which had been interrupted b}' 



the "irrepressible conflict," feeling the need of a 
more thorough education to fit him to act well his 
part in the battle of life. He entered Mt. Union 
College, and soou after matriculated in the law de- 
partment of the Michigan University', from which 
he was graduated after having completed his stud- 
ies in the legal profession. Returning to his native 
State he was admitted to practice in the several 
courts of Ohio, in 1868, but feeling that the West 
would afford a broader field for his labors, he re- 
moved to Shelb}- County, Mo., where for a time he 
assistedjin editing the Shelby County Herald. 

The newer State of Kansas, which had already 
become the home of many men eminent in various 
walks of life, seemed to beckon Capt. Humphrey 
still further West, and in February, 1871, he crossed 
the Missouri and located at Independence. He 
formed a law partnership with the Hon. Alexander 
M. York, the attempt at whose briber^' by Senator 
Pomeroy in 1873, during the contest for United 
States Senatorial honors, brought his name promi- 
nently before the people of Kansas as an opponent 
to fraud and corruption. The legal relation be- 
tween the two gentlemen lasted until 1876, after 
which time Gov. Humphrey continued the practice 
of his chosen profession alone. The Independence 
Tribune was founded by Messrs. A .M. York, 
W. T. Yoe and L. U. Humphrey, the latter with- 
drawing from the firm at the expiration of a year. 

Gov. Humphrey had not long been a resident of 
Kansas before his talents were known and his fit- 
ness for public office appreciated. In 1871, the 
year of his arrival in the State, he was honored by 
the Republican nomination as candidate for a seat 
in the State Legislature, but because of his vigor- 
ous opposition to the issue of questionable bonds 
to the L. L. & G. Railroad Company, he was de- 
feated by a small vote. In 1876 he was vindicated 
by an election to the House from a district form- 
erl3' Democratic, and served two years as a member 
of the Re|)ublican State Central Committee. In 
1877 Melville J. Salter having accepted a position 
in the land office at Independence, resigned liis 
position as Lieutenant Governor, and our subject 
was chosen to fill the vacancy. His principal op- 
ponent was the Democratic candidate. Thomas W. 
Waterson, who received 24,740 votes, while Mr. 

Humphrey received 62,750, his majority over all 
other candidates being 27,381. The folio wing year 
he was re-elected; the covention which nominated 
him having, after a protracted and exciting strug- 
gle, placed John P. St. John at the head of the 

In 1884 Mr. Humphrey was elected to the State 
Senate for the term of four years, and upon the or- 
ganization of that Legislative bodj- was chosen 
President, pro tem, by a unanimous vote. On 
July 25, 1888, that being the forty-fourth anni- 
versary of his birth, he was nominated for Gover- 
nor of the State of Kansas, and was elected b}' the 
splendid majority of 73,361. Gov. Humphrey 
carried 104 out of the 106 counties in the State, 
his opponent in the contest being no less prominent 
a person than Judge John Martin. 

Gov. Humphrey has been frequently called upon 
to preside as a Judge, pro tem, of the District 
Court, an honor which indicates the degree of con- 
fidence reposed in him by the public. He has been 
an active Republican, and has an enviable record 
both as a speaker and writer in behalf of the prin- 
ciples to which he is a devotee. He is deeph' in- 
terested in the promulgation of the fundamental 
doctrines of true government, and the loyal prin- 
ciples for which our forefathers in earlier years and 
our nearer kinsmen in recent times, gave their 
strength and even their lives. He belongs to the 
Lo3'al Legion, a body made up of those who, like 
himself, are intensely patriotic. His affability, his 
frankness, and his justice in dealing with men. has 
won for him a high place in the esteem of all with 
whom he comes in contact, either personally or 
through the medium of his published addresses. 
His keen perception as to the wants of the growing 
State, Ills desire that she shalUbe built up in all the 
elements that constitute the true greatness and 
glor}' of a government or of a people, and^the 
powers of discrimination, which lead him to discern 
right from wrong, justice from injustice, especially 
qualify him for the high office to ^wiiich the people 
called him. 

Gov. Humphrey was married at Independence on 
Christmas Day, 1872, to Miss Leonard, daughter of 
James C. Leonard. Tiiey have two children. Ly- 
man L., and A. Lincoln. 


\y '-..,< ^>>^ 

Marshall County 






5,HE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their ]3rime entered 
the vifilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining wlio can relate the incidents of the first days 
of settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Men-.phis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids anc^ 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which liis chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away ; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 



XE of the most important fac- 
tors in tlie business develop- 
ment and prosperity' of a 
city, count3' or State, is its 
^ ^ - ^ ^ -t, -^ ^ railroad comnuinieations. A 
^^ CT) ^<>^ retrospection of the history 
- of tlie .South Platte Country since 
the advent of railroad facilities will 
convince the careful observer of the 
immense benefit resulting from the 
introduction of this essential adjunct 
of commercial enterprise. The fol- 
lowing brief sketches of the leading- 
railroads of this section of the great 
commonwealth will form an interesting feature of 
this Album. It may be remarked in this connec- 
tion that the roads referred to are not only the im- 
portant corporations of Kansas, but stand among 
the first in the Nation. 

The Union Pacific Railway. 

^HIS great natioual highway is so well known 
not only throughout the United States, but 
all over the world, that a mere reference to 
it would seem sufficient, yet, for the benefit of those 

who have never had the pleasure of riding over its 
smooth track, and thus had an opportunity of gaz- 
ing upon the fine scenery' along its route, the fol- 
lowing description is given : 

It formed a part of the first trans-continental 
line of railroad from ocean to ocean, and was con- 
ceived, and its construction authorized, as a war 
measure, the needs of the Government during the 
War of the Rebellion having clearly shown the ne- 
cessity for it. When first talked of many thought the 
feat of constructing a line of railroad over the Rock}* 
Mountains an utter impossibilitj'. Many of those 
who had crossed the plains, deserts and mountains 
to California, in '49-50, knew very well that a rail- 
road could not be built there, for "how could a 
locomotive ascend a mountain where six yoke of 
oxen could scarcely haul a wagon." It must be 
remembered that the line of this road follows al- 
most exactly the old emigrant wagon road, not 
only on the plains on the north side of the Platte 
River, through the State of Nebraska, but, in fact, 
all the way to Ogden, in Utah Territory. In the 
days of '49-50, when long trains of gold-seekers, 
after outfitting at Council Bluffs, wended their 
way over the plains, the country was filled with 
hostile Indians, herds of wild buffalo, deer and 
antelope. There was scarcely a house west of the 
Eikhorn River within twenty miles of Omaha. 


Now the traveler sits in a luxurious Pullman car, 
and is whirled over the smooth railroad at fort^- 
miles an hour, past villages, towns and cities filled 
with active, busy, intelligent people, and as far as 
the eye can reach on either side of the road farms 
join each other, and a million and a half of people 
live in the State of Nebraska, through wliich the 
road runs. 

This railway is one of the very best on this con- 
tinent. Its two main stems, the one from Kansas 
Cit^-, the other from Council Bluffs uniting at 
Cheyenne and diverging again at Granger, one for 
Portland and one for San Francisco, are crowded 
with the commerce of the Orient and the Occident, 
while people from ever)- nation in the woi'ld may 
be seen on its passenger trains. Every improve- 
ment which human ingenuity has invented for the 
safety or comfort of the traveler is in use on the 
Union Pacific Railway, and it has been operated so 
many years, having been finished in 1869. that all 
weak points at all assailable by the snow linve been 

For nearly 500 miles west of Council Bluffs, and 
700 miles west of Kansas Cit}-, there are no heavj^ 
grades or curves. The Pacific Hotel Company 
manage the eating-houses, under the supervision of 
the Railway Company, and no better meals are to 
be fonnd on any railroad in the United States. 

Crossing the Missouri River from the Transfer 
Depot, Council Bluflfs, over a magnificent steel 
bridge of eleven spans, seventy-five feet above the 
water, each span 250 feet long, Omaha is reached, 
and the trip across the continent, to either Portland 
or San Francisco commences. Leaving Omaha the 
road follows the Platte River through the thickly- 
settled and fertile Platte Valley to Cheyenne (516 
miles from Omaha), the capital of Wyoming Terri- 
tor3\ At this point the Kansas Main Line via Den- 
ver connects with the Nebraska Main Line from 
Council Bluffs. 

Leaving Kansas City one passes through some 
of the finest farming land of the West, and a suc- 
cession of thriving cities and towns. First, Law- 
rence, the scene of many exciting events durino- 
the time when it was a question whether Kansas 
was to be a free-soil or slave State. Topeka is 
the capital of the State, containing some 35,000 

people. The heart of the golden grain belt of 
Kansas is then traversed for hour after hour. 
Junction City next, is so called from the fact that 
here the Missouri, Kansas & Texas Railroad has a 
branch reaching to Texas, Arkansas and the Gulf 
of Mexico. From Ellsworth the road runs through 
the Harker Hills, where the traveler sees many 
cairns of stones, mementoes of John C. Fremont, 
the Pathfinder. From Ellsworth to the boundary 
line of the State one passes through what a verj^ few 
years ago appeared on all school geographies as 
the Great American Desert. Just west of Ellis 
one of the finest grazing regions in the world is 
entered. After crossing the Colorado State line 
comes Cheyenne Wells, where there is a well of 
the purest water that is found between the Mis- 
souri River and Denver. From Cheyenne Wells 
the road climbs rapidly until First \'iew is reached. 
This Station is so called becuase here is obtained 
the first view of the snow-capped mountains of 
Colorado, with Gray's Peak in the west and Pike's 
Peak on tlie south. 

The ascent is rapid into Denver, 639 miles from 
Kansas City, with a population of 85,000, the 
queen city of the mountains and capital of Colo- 
rado. The elevation is 5,203 feet above sea level. 
The trip from Denver to Cheyenne, Wyo., along 
the foothills of the Rocky Mountains affords a ka- 
leidoscopic panorama of hills, fields, farms, rivers, 
running brooks and lohy mountains. Here the 
Eastern traveler for the first time sees fields of al- 
falfa of a deep green color, grown by the use of 
irrigating ditches. The run of 107 miles from 
Denver to Cheyenne, Wyo., is quickly made. 

Cheyenne, 6,038 feet in altitude, with a popula- 
tion of about 10,000, is one of the sprightliest and 
most prosperous cities in the entire West. It is 
well and compactly built, and for many years has 
been the center of the cattle industry of the North- 

After leaving Cheyenne the train climbs a grade 
of 2,000 feet in thirtj'-three miles to Sherman, 
8,247 feet above sea level, and the highest point 
of the trans-continental ride between the Missouri 
River and the Pacific Coast. From Sherman can 
be seen Long's Peak, nearly 200 miles away. The 
scenery is wild and rugged. Just be3'ond Sherman 


is Dale Creek Bridge, one erf the most remarkable 
sights of the overland trip. The structure is of 
iron, and stretches from blutf to bluff with a 050- 
foot span. The train passses over it just 127 feet 
above the creek, which looks like a mere rivulet 
below. Pike's Peak can be seen away off to the 
south, not less than 1G5 miles distant. 

Laramie, twenty-three miles west of Sherman, 
often called the "Gem City of the Rockies," has an 
elevation of 7,149 feet above sea level, and a popu- 
lation of about 6,000. It is one of the principal towns 
on the main line of the Union Pacific Railwaj- be- 
tween Council Bluffs and Ogden. It is situated on 
Big Laramie River, fifty -seven miles northwest of 
Cheyenne, and is an important market for wool. 
Its schools are good, and the Universit}- of W3'o- 
miug and tlie United States Penitentiar_y are located 

The great Laramie Plains, v,'hicii stretcli away 
for miles on either side, and which afford pastur- 
age for thousands of cattle and horses, are of great 
interest. Eighty-three miles west is Carbon, in the 
coal regions. One hundred and twent3'-one miles 
west of Rawlins is Rock Springs. In this locality 
there are immense coal beds acro^^s tlie continent to 
Portland, Ore. 

At Green River the trains for Portland, Ore., 
are made up, although they do not make their de- 
parture from the main line over the Oregon Short 
Line Division until Granger is reached, thirty 
miles west of Green River, and the trip across the 
continent is continued over the Oregon Short 
Line, reaching out, as it does to the great North- 
west, until the great Territory of Idaho is en- 
tered at Border Station. Then on through Soda 
Springs and Pocatello — the junction with the Utah 
A: Northern branch, for the Yellowstone National 
Park, Butte, Garrison and Helena ; thence to Sho- 
shone Station, where the junction is made for the 
great Shoshone Falls. 

From Nampa, Idaho, the Oregon Short Line 
skirts along the boundary line of Idaho and Ore- 
gon, following the Snake River. Huntington is 
the junction of the Oregon Short Line Division 
with the Oregon Railway & Navigation Company, 
an auxilliary line of the L'nion Pacific Railway. 

Leaving La Grande, and passing over the sum- 

mit at Meacham, on through the Umatilla Reserva- 
tion to Pendleton, and over the Cascade Mount- 
ains, the tourist reaches "The Dalles" Station, on 
the Columbia River, the commencement of '-The 
Dalles" of Columbia. 

All along the sights have been absorbing in their 
varied aspects; but it is only when a pause is made 
at "The Dalles" Station, that the true grandeur of 
the scenery of the Columbia River is impressed 
upon the mind. There are good accommodations 
here, and from this point the noble river, surging 
and whirling to the sea, breaking the Image rocks 
into wave fragments, occupies the mind of the 
beholder. The Columbia is one of the world s 
great rivers, affording a waterway that is navigable 
for traffic for over 200 miles. Upon it, near its 
mouth, the largest ocean steamers ply with safety. 
Its largest tributary is the Williamette, draining 
the valley of the same name, and being navigable 
for vessels of any size to Portland. There can be 
nothing more inspiring than the ride along "The 
Dalles" of the Columbia, with the shining river on 
one side and the towering battlements of the shore 
on the other. Ihe scene is one of continued mag- 
nificence. Along the Rhine, the Rhone, or the 
Hudson, there is nothing that will compare with 
the stately palisades of the Columbia, with their 
cool recesses kept sunless by the overhanging rocks, 
and watered by the melting snows of their own 
summits. A spendid view can be had of Mt. Hood, 
Mt. St. Helen's, and the Cascades, where the scen- 
ery surpasses anything of the kind in the world. 

From Portland magnificent ocean steamers de- 
part for the far distant Orient. Fine steamers also 
ply from Portland to Alaska. 

From Portland to San Francisco tlie trip can be 
made in the iron stenmships of the Oregon Railway' 
cfe Navigation Company, which will compare favor- 
ably with the best ocean steamers on the Atlantic 
for safety, speed and comfort; or by rail over the 
IMt. Shasta loute of the Central Pacific Railroad 
(the Southern Pacific Companj'). 

Between Cheyenne and Ogden about ten miles of 
snowsheds altogether are passed at different points 
on the line. Tliose sheds are all in Wyoming. They 
are quite a feature af the ride across the continent; 
the Central Pacific Railroad having about thirty 


miles altogether on its line between Ogclen and 
Sacramento. Ogden is 1,0.34 miles from Council 
Bluffs, 1,260 miles from Kansas City, and 833 miles 
from San Francisco. 

The crowning scenes of the trip across Utah and 
Nevada to San Francisco are not beheld until after 
leaving Reno. Cape Horn, Emigrant Gap, the 
Sierra Nevadas, Donner Lake, and other objects of 
more than ordinary interest will be found. Nevada 
is celebrated for her famous mines. The marvel- 
ous Carson and Humboldt sinks, in which the 
waters of all the rivers in the State of Nevada, 
save one, are swallowed ; the Mud Lake, the Borax 
marshes, and countless numbers of thermal springs, 
have been the wonder of the scientist and the de- 
light of the tourists. One hundred and fifty-five 
miles from Reno is Sacramento, a beautiful city, 
and the capital of California. 

From Sacramento the Central Pacific Railroad 
branches off, via Lathrop, to Los Angeles, from 
which point the prominent cities and noted resorts 
of California are readily reached. From Sacra- 
mento, the Davis cut-off, now the main line of the 
Central Pacific road, takes tlie tourist through to 
Oakland, where a transfer is made across an arm of 
the bay to San Francisco, and here this part of the 
trip "Across the Continent" terminates at San Fran- 


It is worth while knowing that two through 
trains leave Council Bluffs every day with through 
cars for Denver. Ogden. Salt Lake City, Los An- 
geles, San Francisco and Portland. One of these 
trains, the fast one, called the "Overland Flyer," 
has Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars only, running 
through to Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco and 
Portland. The otiier train, the Overland Express, 
has Pullman Palace Sleeping Cars, Modern Day 
Coaches, and Free Family Sleeping Cars. From 
Kansas City two fast express trains leave daily 
with through cars for Denver, Cheyenne, Salt 
Lake City and Portland. These trains have Pull- 
man Palace Sleeping Cars and Modern Day Coaches. 
The morning train has the Free Family Sleeping 

Cars. The equipment oT these trains is unsurpassed 
and all that can be desired. A good road-bed, 
standard-guage track, steel rails, iron bridges, and 
stone culverts combined, insure safety and speed. 



The Missouri Pacific Railway System. 

(^^^HIS great system, which now threads its way 
l(^^\ through several States west of the Missis- 
^^^ sippi River, has been a potential factor in 
the development of Missouri and Kansas, and with 
its accustomed enterprise a short time ago pene- 
trated with its lines into the rich agricultural dis- 
tricts of Nebraska, to compete, in this growing 
State, with its rapidly accumulating business. It 
was also among the pioneer roads in Kansas, and its 
many branches now traverse in different directions 
the most thickly settled portions of that State. It 
has contributed in a large measure, by its liberal 
and .aggressive policy, toward the rapid develop- 
ment of the great resources of Kansas. It is inter- 
esting to note briefly its history, as it was the first 
road built west from St. Louis, as earl}- as 1850-51. 
The preliminary steps to build the road were taken, 
and it has since gradually extended its lines, like 
the arteries and veins of the human sj'stem, until 
it has encompassed in its range the best portions of 
Missouri, Kansas and Nebraska, and has even 
reached out and tapped the large commercial cen- 
ters of Texas and Colorado. In Missouri its several 
lines and connections pierce the great coal and 
mineral fields of the State, enabling it to lay down 
in Kansas City, Topeka, Leavenworth, Atchison, 
Wichita, Omaha and Lincoln, cheaper than any 
other roads, these essential adjuncts so necessaiy in 
tlie development of commercial centers; and even 
the settlers in the outlying districts of Kansas and 
Nebraska have fuel laid down to them more ciieaply 
on account of this road. 

Its splendid and far-reaching management ex- 
tends to its patrons, both in freight and passenger 
traffic, the best facilities for reaching the seaboard 
and the great Eastern marts of trade. The growth 
and development of the Missouri Pacific System has 
been rapid and fully abreast of the times. Its local 
business is enormous and rapidly increasing. In 


respect to its through business no other road or 
system in Nebraska is better equipped than this. 
Its steel rail tracks, well-ballasted road beds and 
superior passenger coaches constitute it one of the 
greatest railroad systems of the West. Its superb 
fast train between St. Louis and Denver, via Kansas 
City and Pueblo, is unquestionably the most ele- 
gant and best equipped train of any road which 
enters the peerless City of the Plains. 

It runs more passenger trains and finer coaches 
between St. Louis and Kansas City than an}^ other 
road, and the volume of its freight traffic between 
the above mentioned emporiums of the State of 
Missouri is vastly' greater than any other line. It 
has contributed in a marked and wonderful degree 
toward the building up of the various cities along 
its numerous lines. Kansas City has felt its influ- 
ence more than that of anj' other road centering 
there, largely on account of its lines that lead into 
the heart of the coal, iron and granite fields of 
Missouri, and the extensive timber districts of Ar- 
kansas, and by its connecting lines with the exten- 
sive and growing cattle interests of Texas and the 

It gives to its numerous and rapidly increasing 
patronage in Nebraska and Kansas unsurpassed 
facilities for reaching the great health reports of 
Arkansas and Texas, over its line from Omaha to 
St. Louis, about 500 miles in extent. It runs the 
finest trains between these two cities passing through 
Weeping Water, where connection is made with the 
line from Lincoln, the State capital, thence to 
Nebraska City and Falls City, in Nebraska, and St 
Joseph, Atchison and Leavenworth, before reaching 
Kansas Cit}'. The length of its main line and 
branches in Nebraska is over 322 miles, its northern 
terminus being Omaha, where connections are made 
with all the roads centering in that metropolis. 

The line from Omaha to Falls City is 115 miles, 
the Crete branch 58 miles, Lincoln to Auburn 76 
miles, Warwick to Prosser and Hastings 73 miles. 
A'arious extensions and diversions are constantly 
being made in Nebraska. 

Thus it will be seen that this road already taps 
the two leading cities in the State, Omaha and Lin- 
coln, besides Nebraska City, rapidlj- growing into 
importance, and likewise Hastings. Its mileage in 

Kansas is 2,707 miles, in Colorado 151 miles, and 
the total mileage of the Missouri Pacific System is 
4,994 miles. 

Hence the reader will readily observe that this 
great railway system is one of the most important 
which traverses the several important and growing 
States west of the Mississippi River. On account 
of its extensive mileage and the ramification of the 
system, it is destined to promote in a large degree 
the development of the material interestsof the 
country through which it passes. 

The Burlington & Missouri River Railroad in 

!)HIS important road was commenced at 
\UVV£))))J jP'^^ttsmouth, Neb., where it connected with 
^^^ the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad 
in 1869, and the main line of the road was ex- 
tended westward to Kearney. Subsequently the 
Denver extension was finished; this line was short- 
ened by the construction of the line from Kenne- 
saw to Oxford; by the acquirement of the Omaha 
& Southwestern Railroad, the Atchison & Nebraska 
Railroad, the building of the short line from 
Omaha to Ashland, and the extension to Cheyenne, 
Wyo., which gives the road a short line between 
the Missouri River points and Denver it Cheyenne. 
At Omaha connections are made with the roads 
centering there. The number of miles of road in 
Nebraska is 2,120.30. The road is ballasted with 
stone, gravel, cinders and earth. 1,600.08 miles 
are laid with steel rails, the rest being laid with 
iron. The total mileage in the Burlington 'system 
West of the Missouri River is 2,778.78 miles. 

M>1 . 

Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific. 

=*HIS is the last important trunk line to enter 
the South Platte Country. It enters the 
State of Nebraska at Berwick, and runs in 
a north and westerly direction to Fairbury and 
Nelson. At Fairbury the road branches and con- 
nects with the main line for Denver, thus o-ivino- 
the Southern part of the State another direct com- 
munication with the great lumber and other inter- 
ests of Chicago and Kansas City, and thejgreat 
lake and seaboard marts of trade. 





SON. This gentleman is 
tiie most widely known 
citizen of ilarshall 
Count}', of which he 
been a resident for thii-ty 
years. He is a native of New York 
.State, born in Chautauqua Count}', 
Dec. 2, 183L His ancestors were 
from Connecticut, his great grand- 
father, Samuel Hutchinson, having 
been a resident of Hebron, in that 
State, where his grandfather, Enoch 
Hutchinson, was born Dec. 8, 17G6. 
He died Nov. 30, 1856, in the nine- 
tieth year of his age. The maternal great-grand- 
father of Perry Hutcliinsou, was David Townsend, a 
resident of Andover, Conn., whose daughter, Bet- 
sey, married Enoch Hutchinson. She was born 
March 1, 1771, and died Sept. 29, 1848, in the 
seventy -eighth year of her age. 

Calvin, a son of Enoch and Betsey Ilutcliinson 
was the father of our subject. He was born in Con- 
necticut Dec. 9, 1800, but later removed to Chau- 
tauqua County, N.Y., and there passed the remainder 
of his days on a farm. He was a plain man, wlio 
never took any prominent part in public affairs, 

but was looked upon as an upright and good citizen. 
He was a strict member of the Presbyterian Churcli, 
in which for many years he had been a Deacon. 
Accompanied by bis wife, he twice came to Kan- 
sas to visit his sons, the mother making her last 
visit in 1876, but neither ever desired to settle here, 
preferring their Eastern home. The father died 
Dec. 25, 1879, in the eightieth year of his age. 

Calvin Hutchinson was married, Nov. 7, 1824, 
in the town of Porafret, N. Y. to Sophia Perry, 
who was born in Madison, Madison Co., N. Y. 
April 25, 1803. On this side the stock is also of 
old Connecticut origin, the parents of Mrs. Hutch- 
inson, both having been natives of that State. Her 
father, Benjamin Perry, was born at Windham, 
April 18, 1779, and he also emigrated to New 
York State, settling in the town of Pomfret, Chau- 
tauqua County, in 1807. He died in Arkwright, 
in that county, Dec. 28, 1848, in his seventietli 
year. In 1799, at the age of twenty he married 
Catherine Sloan, who was born in Hartford, Conn., 
Oct. 6, 1780, and died Sept. 27, 1856, aged seventy- 
six years. She had resided for nearly fifty years 
upon the land purchased by her husband, when 
they removed to New York. Benjamin Perry was 
a cousin of the hero of Lake Erie — Commodore 
Perry — and was himself a colonel in the army dur- 



the War of I8l2. Sophia (Perry) Hutehinson, 
died at the famil_y home in Chautauqua County, 
N. Y.,Sept. 7, 1886, aged eight\'-three years and 
five months. 

Calvin and Sophia Hutcliinson ^ye^e the parents 
of eight children, of whom we give the complete 
record as follows : George, the eldest, was born 
Feb. 21, 1826, and was married Feb. 25, 1852, to 
Margaret Ann Van Vleck, of Pomfret, N. Y., and 
is now living on the home farm in Chautauqua 
County ;'their children are, Alfred, Clarence, Clara 
Jane, Mary Lutitia, AValter Tunis and Minnie 
Sophia. The second child of Calvin was Alfred, 
who was born Jan. 27, 1828. He went to Cali- 
fornia in the early days of the gold fever, but was 
taken sick there, and returning home, died Feb. 25. 
1851 ; he was unmarried. The next was Calvin 
Perry, who was born Feb. 15. 1830, and died Feb. 
25', 1831. Then came Perry, and after him, Walter 
H., born April 23, 183i, who was married .Jan. 30, 
1856 to Ann Eliza Gates, daughter of Phineas and 
Eliza Gates. He entered the Union armj' during the 
Civil War, enlisting in August, 1862 at Cedar Rap- 
ids, Iowa, and dying Nov. 1 4, 1 862, of typhoid fever 
at Neosho, Mo. ; he was buried at Ft. Scott, Kan. 
He left two children — George L. and Effle Sophie. 
The sixth child was Harriet, who was born Sept. 
25, 1842, and was married March 30, 1870. to 
INIanley J. Tooke, a farmer of Sheridan, N. Y., where 
they live. Delia was the seventh child, and was 
born Dec. 8, 1844, and married May 17. 1865 to 
Fletcher E. Rork, who died in 1870. She is now 
the wife of L. L. Augustus, a farmer of Perr}-, 
Ohio. The 3'oungest of this family is Edward, of 
whom a sketch is given elsewhere in this work. 
Perry Hutchinson, the subject of this sketch, 
spent his early life on the home farm in Chautau- 
qua Count}', N. Y., and when about twentj'-one 
yeai-s old went to Wisconsin, where, however, he 
stayed but one year, going from there to Iowa, 
where he built a mill and operated a farm for four 
years. During his residence in that State he made 
a large sum of money in his mill and real-estate 
speculations, but the rascalit}- of his partner strip- 
ped him of every cent and left him to begin the 
world afresh. His partner rah away after giving 
companj' notes to a large amount, and Mr. Hutchin- 

son to satisfy them gave up to his creditors every 

thing of which he was possessed. A brother fitted 
him out with a team and a few household utensils 
and he made his way to Kansas, arriving in this 
countj' Oct. 1, 1859. He took up a preemption 
claim, seven miles east of the site of the present 
cit}' of Marysville, and with the pluck and energy 
characteristic of the man made a new start. The 
first winter was a hard struggle with poverty, but 
he found work at husking corn, receiving one 
bushel out of each fift}', and in that way managed 
to keep the wolf from the door. He lived on his 
claim until 1861, and during that time took a part}' 
across the plains to Denver. There he took up a 
mining claim, and was rich and poor by turns, 
having both good and bad fortune. During his 
absence his wife kept a boarding-house and took care 
of her young children, and much of his subsequent 
success in life is due to her capacity and admirable 

On returning to Kansas, Mr. Hutchinson pro- 
cured backing and removed to Marj'sville, where 
he kept a hotel for sixteen months with considerable 
success. Selling out his hotel business, and the 
war being then in progress, he raised a company of 
volunteers and entered the service in July, 1862, 
as Captain of Company E., 13th' Kansas Infantry. 
He was engaged with his company in the battle of 
Cane Hill, Prairie Grove, the taking of VanBuren, 
and at Ft. Smith, all in Arkansas. 

Before entering the arm)- Mr. Hutchinson had 
bought the eighty acres on which he now resides, 
and the mill-site, and had begun the building of a 
dam across the Big Blue, but he left everything on 
enlisting. After a service of over a year he re- 
signed and coming back finished his dam, and 
built his mill on the east side of the river and be- 
gan operations in November, 1864. Since then his 
career has been one of uninterrupted prosjjerity. 
In 1867 he built his present, mill on the west side 
of the river, but it has since been remodeled, and in 
1881 he took out all of the old machinery, greatly 
enlarging the mill and introduced the most modern 
roller-process, increasing the capacit}' from 125 to 
275 barrels per day. The mill turns out a superior 
quality of flour, which has a great reputation over 
a wide extent of territorry, and is known under the 


name of "Perry Hutchinson's Best." In addition 
he turns out large quantities of corn-meal, feed and 
all other kinds of mill products. This mill is a 
large factor in the prosperity not only of Marshall 
County, bat all this region, affording as it does a 
ready cash market for all the spring wheat raised in 
this section of the country. 

Mr. Hutchinson does not confine his business op- 
erations to milling. In connection therewith he 
feeds a large number of cattle, having bought land 
until he has now around his mill property 600 acres 
and on the south of Mar3'sville owns 320 acres 
more, adjoining the corporation. On this land he 
feeds and sells annually about 250 to 300 head of 
cattle, although he has run as high as 700 head in 
one year. He has also been connected witli many 
other enterprises. In fact, no project having in 
view the material prosperity of the county fails to 
receive his hearty support. He was one of tlie 
organizers of the First National Bank of Marys- 
ville, when it was changed in 1882 from the old 
Marshall County Bank operating under a State 
charter. Ever since he has been a Director, and 
is now Vice-President. 

December 19, 1855, in Fredonia, N. Y., Mr. 
Hutchinson was united in marriage with Miss Lydia 
Jenette Barber, daughter of Champlin and Mal- 
ancy (Green) Barber both residents of Chautau- 
qua County. Mrs. Hutchinson was born in that 
county. May 18, 1837. Their union has been 
blessed by the birth of four children. Frank born 
Aug. 2, 1857, is a merchant and postmaster in the 
cit)' of Beattie, this county, and has been twice 
married, his first wife being Dorcas Carson, who 
died about three years after their marriage leaving 
no children. He subsequently married Emma 
Brumbaugh. Delia Viola, born July 19, 1859, 
died Feb. 15, 1865: Etta V., born Oct. 7, 1865, 
was married Oct. 10, 1889 to Henry L. Boder a 
banker of Troy, Kansas ; and Wallace Walter, born 
Nov. 6, 1871, and still under the parental roof. 

In 1879, Mr. Hutchinson was electeil Senator 
from this district, serving his full term of four 
years, and bringing to the discharge of his legisla- 
tive duties the same qualities of good judgment 
and clear foresight, which have characterized his 
extensive business operations. He has never held 

any other public position, except that of County 
Commissioner, his large private interests demanding 
his entire time and attention. In 1872 he erected 
his beautiful residence, on a bluff overlooking the 
city of Marysville, and close by his mill. It is a 
large, elegant mansion, said to be the finest rural 
home in Northern Kansas. Its erection cost over 
$15,000. The building covers a ground area of 
50x75 feet and is two stories high, with a mansard 
roof surmounted by iron castings. The stories are 
unusually high, being respectively, fourteen and 
twelve feet, and the mansion presents an imposing- 
exterior appearance, while the interior is corres- 
])ondingly handsome. 

Mr. Hutchinson belongs to the Masonic frater- 
nity and is a member of Marysville Lodge No. 91, 
A. F. & A. M. and of Marysville Chapter No. 29, 
R. A. M. 

This brief sketch of the history of Mr. Hutchin- 
son would be incomplete without some reference to 
the character and position in business and social 
circles, of the man himself. Beginning life in Kan- 
sas in poverty, and suffering under the reverses 
which would have disheartened a man of less sturdy 
mold, both bodily and mentally, he has by indomi- 
table energy and rare good business qualities 
raised himself to the foremost rank among the suc- 
cessful business men of Northern Kansas. Nor is 
his reputation confined to this locality. No man 
is more widely known all over this part of the 
West, and he has been prominently identified with 
every enterprise tending to advance the growth 
and prosperity of the county and section of the 
country which has been his home for so many 
3'ears. He is now one of the wealthiest men of 
Northern Kansas, and his success is entirely due lo 
his energy and good judgment, together with 
a scrupulous uprightness in all his dealings, which 
have gained for him the confidence and respect of 
all with whom he has business transactions. In his 
early struggles to obtain a start he was abl^- sec- 
onded by his capable wife, and together they can 
now look back with satisfaction on the results of 
their days of trials and privations, and in their 
beautiful home enjoy the luxuries which are the 
legitimate fruit of their years of industry, good 
management and upright living. 



In politics, Mr. Hutcliinson is a standi Republi- 
can. A fine lithographic portrait of this gentle- 
man will be found on another page. 

ENRY BRUCKER is the owner and occu- 
|l) pant of a farm, pleasantly located on sec- 
tion 26, Balderson Township. He is a 
native of Lorraine, France, where he was 
born Sept. 7, 1842, and where he grew to manhood. 
At the age of twentj'-three he emigrated to the 
United States, lauding at New York Cit^-. He went 
direct to Lee County, 111., where he remained three 
years. He then went to La Salle County, and sub- 
sequently to Peoria County. He worked on the 
turnpike roads, and also for a farmer in the latter 
county for two years. In the spring of 1870 he 
came to Kansas, and settled on the farm which he 
now occupies. The land was then raw prairie. Now 
the entire eighty acres are under thorough cultiva- 
tion and well improved. Mr. Brucker first put up 
a lumber shanty, which being destroyed bj^ a 
storm, he replaced by a log house. Ten 3-ears ago 
he built the frame house which he now occupies, 
stable and corn-crib, and six years later the barn 
was erected. He has a fine young orchard, con- 
taining seventy -five apple-trees, together with pear, 
apricot and cherry; an excellent vine3'ard, and 
500 catalpa trees. Our subject devotes his at- 
tention to farming, and keeps about a dozen head 
of cattle, four horses and a score of hogs. The 
great comfort of his present surroundings is due 
to Ills own industr}', prudence and good judgment, 
as he had nothing except his hands with which to 
begin his battle of life. 

The parents of our subject. Christian and Made- 
leine (Vargich) Brucker, were natives of France, 
the one having been born in Lorraine, and the 
other in Alsace. They were married in Lorraine, 
and spent their lives there. Mr. Brucker engaged 
in farming. The father served as a home guard 
under Napoleon. The mother died in 1848, but 
the father survived until March 10, 1877, when he, 
too, l)reathed his last, having attained the age of 

eightj^-three years, eight months and twenty-four 
days. The parental family consisted of four chil- 
dren, of whom our subject was the third. 

Mr. Brucker was married July 12, 1884, to Miss 
Mena Meier, daughter of Fred and Kate (Frese) 
Meier, natives of Germany. Mrs. Brucker is the 
second in a family of three children, and was born 
Jan. 17, 1864, in Lincoln Count}', Mo. She has 
borne her husband three children, Mary Caroline, 
August Edward and Frederick Phillip. 

Mr. Brucker takes an active interest in politics, 
voting the Democratic ticket, though formerly 
attached to the Republican party. He has had 
membership in the Grange Lodge. He occupies 
the position of Treasurer in the School Board, an 
office he has held for five years past. Both he 
and his wife are members of the Lutheran Church. 
Mr. Brucker is a man of intelligence and enter- 
prise, an honorable and reliable citizen, and es- 
teemed by the entire communitj\ 


'SSj. ANIEL ^Y. GRISWOLD. Amid the green 
ij ]jj hills of Vermont lived the family of the 
(fi^^ subject of our sketch. His father. Nelson 
— Griswold, was born in the township of 

Berkshire, Franklin Co., Vt., July 8, 1810. His 
mother was also a native of that State, having 
been born in Hartland, Windsor Count}', in the 
year 1808. Her maiden name was Adeline Webster. 
After their marriage the young couple settled 
in Castleton, Rutland Co., Vt., where they lived 
but a short time before removing to Rutland. 
Here they resided several j-ears, returning to Cas- 
tleton for a short time. During these years Mr. 
Griswold was engaged in farming. In October, 
1849, becoming imbued with the gold fever, he 
started for California, via the Isthmus of Panama, 
leaving his wife and three children at Castleton. 
He vvas absent about nine years, and engaged a 
greater part of that time in mining. At the ex- 
piration of this time, returning to his home, he 
remained for seven 3'ears. In 1866 he again went 
to California, spending a few months onlj'. Re- 
turning again tu the East, he lived in different 



places until the spring of 1870, when he settled in 
Marshall County, Kan. Since that time he has 
been a resident on section 12, Marysville Town- 
ship. Mrs. Griswold died at Castleton, Vt.. in 
1861, leaving three children, of whom our subject 
was the eldest. 

Our subject, Daniel W. Griswold, was born in 
Rutland County, Vt., Sept. 8, 1841. He was reared 
on a farm, remaining in his native State until the 
age of twenty-one. He then followed liis father's 
example, and bent his steps to the Pacific Slope, 
staying some eight years in the State of Cali- 
fornia, his chief occupation being lumbering. In 
the fall of 1870 he came to this county, settling in 
Marysville Township, where he has since that time 
been engaged in farming, operating his father's 
homestead. His father owns 160 acres of land, 
on which are comfortable buildings and other 

On the 17th of September, 1874, Daniel W. 
Griswold was married to Cynthia A. Carter, daugh- 
ter of John Carter. She died Aug. 10, 1882, in 
Marj'sville Township, having borne him four chil- 
dren, three of whom survive her. Their names 
are respectively : Cora M., George and John M. 
piir subject was again married, in Mar3-sville 
township, Sept. 24, 1883, to Louie M. House, 
\^lio was a native of Racine County, Wis. By this 
n^rriage they have one child, a son. Nelson. 

In politics our subject is a member of the Union 
Lai)or party. He exhibits all the sturdy virtues 
whi\;h seem so peculiarly to belong to the natives 
of tie Green Mountain State. His father is a hale 
and "^earty man, nearly eighty years old, and a 
stand adherent of the Republican pnrty. 

(* )|iIltlAM CRANSTON,whose pleasant home 
maj/l is\ocated on section 32, Center Township, 
W^ is \he son of Caleb Cranston, who was 
born in Rhc^e Island, he being a direct descend- 
ant of RogeiWilliams; his mother was Algina Cole, 
a native of Vew York. Shortly after marriage 
they settled i\ Scioto County, Ohio, where they 
resided until liil, when they removed to Keokuk 

County, Iowa.' About twenty-four years after be- 
coming residents of that county, Mrs. Cranston 
took her departure from this world to a better one 
on high. Their iamily comprised eleven children, 
of whom our suliject was the eldest. 

William Cranston is a native of Scioto County, 
Ohio, where he was born MarcJi 27, 1837. He emi- 
grated to Keokuk Count}-, fowa, in 1851, with his 
father, and made that county his home, except for 
a portion of the time, which he spent in Washing- 
ton County, until 1881, when he removed to 
Marshall County, Kan. Upon his arrival, being 
pleased with the appearance of the countrjs he 
bought 160 acres of fine land, located partly in 
Center and partly in Wells Township. Following 
the purchase of his farm, he began making im- 
provements. By well-directed energy and wise 
adaptation of means to ends, he quickly succeeded 
in securing for himself a comfortable, commodious 
dwelling, which, if not so elegant as some others 
in the county, j-et shelters a contented, happy fam- 
ily, well pleased with the blessings granted them 
bj' the Giver of all good gifts, united in tender re- 
gard for one another, and holding in affectionate 
remembrance those of their number who have pre- 
ceded them to the land bej'ond. 

In the conduct of his farm Mr. Cranston has 
shown sound, good sense. All his efforts directed 
toward the betterment of his condition have been 
ably seconded by his noble wife, a very superior 
woman, to whom he was married in Keokuk 
County, Iowa, May 1, 1860. The maiden name of 
Mrs. Cranston was Elizabeth Disor. She is a 
daughter of George and Rebecca (McDonald) Di- 
sor, both natives of Virginia, where they were 
reared to maturity, and upon arriving at a suit- 
able age pledged their hearts and hands in the 
indissoluble bonds of matrimon}'. Some time 
after their marriage thej' removed to Ohio, and 
subsequently to Washington County, Iowa. Shortly 
before their death they changed their residence to 
Keokuk County, where they bade farewell to the 
scenes of earth and removed to their final home 
on the shores of Eternity. Mrs. Cranston is the 
second in a family of seven cliildren. She was 
born in Old Virginia, Feb. 2, 1841, and accom- 
panied her parents in their migrations, remaining 



with them until she departed to reign as queen of 
the heart and home of her husband. She. is a good 
neighbor, amiable and generous in her disposition, 
faithful in all the relations of life, an affectionate, 
intelligent companion to her busliand. and a model 
for her children to pattern after. 

Mr. and Mrs. Cranston are the parents of six 
children, of whom those living are: Mary E., who 
is the wife of George Adams; Rebecca A. is- the 
wife of Joseph Adams; Laura I. and Florence A. 
Two other little ones grew weary of life almost 
before tiiey rightly began to live, and were car- 
ried from the arms of the loving parents, who 
would fain have detained them, up to the bosom 
of their Heavenly Father, where they will be shel- 
tered from every ill for all eternity-. 

During the earlier years of his life Mr. Cranston 
was employed in a woolen mill, which was at that 
time a more remunerative occupation than farm- 
ing, but he also looked after his farming interests, 
and eventually gave it his exclusive attention when 
its superior profitableness was assured. His con- 
nection with the woolen industry was begun in 
Ohio, and continued in Iowa. In every depart- 
ment of life in which it has been his lot to be en- 
gaged, whether of a business or social nature, it 
can be truthfully said of him, that he has baen 
found faithful. In the exercise of his right of 
suffrage he casts his ballot with the Republican 
party, but would not hesitate to vote for the oppo- 
sition if he deemed the best interests of the times 
demanded it. Mr. and Mrs. Cranston are repre- 
sentative and earnest members of the Christian 
Church, and are widel}^ known for their generous 
benevolence and sincere Christian lives. 

;RANK STOEIIR. Among the many enter- 
prising foreigners to whom Marshall 
County owes so much of its development, 
is the above named gentleman, who occupies a fine 
farm of 2-iO acres, situated on section 1.5, Logan 
Township. He was "born in Bj'ron, Germany, 
in which country he was reared, receiving a thor- 
ough education under the compulsory laws of that 

emi)irp. His parents, .Mathcw and Mar\' (Swibrie- 
ger) Stoehr. were born, reared, married, roared a 
family- of seven children and died in the German 
Empire. Tliey were members of the Catholic 
Church, as were their ancestors so far as known. 
Our subject left nis native land for tiie United 
States in 18.57. taking passage on the old sail-ship 
'• Moskonoma," and after a voy.age of sixty-six 
daj's, landed at Xew York, Sept. 14. There he 
clerked in the store of his uncle, .Joseph Shouley, 
about three years, thence coming direct to Illinois 
in 1860. 

After the breaking out of the Civil War, he, in 
common with many hundreds of his countrymen, 
felt the desire to assist in the preservation of his 
adopted country, and in August, 1862, enlisted, 
being enrolled in La Salle County, as a member of 
Companj' G, 57th Illinois Infantry. He served 
faithfully and gallantly until the close of the war. 
Among the most noted engagements in which he took 
part were Corinth, Altoona, Jacksonville. Columbus, 
Resaca, Kingston, Chattanooga, Stone River, and 
many others, and he also took part in the march to 
the sea under the gallant Gen. Sherman. He was 
one of the fortunate in these many conflicts, receiv- 
ing but a flesh wound which was not sufficient to 
disable him. After taking part in the Grand Re- 
view at Washington, he went to Springfield, III, 
where he received an honorable discharge aid 
thence returned to his home in La Salle County. 
There he married Mary Piergue, a native of 
Muhlbach, Transylvania. She was born ,\ine 
6, 1846, a daughter of Lawrence and Mary (itru- 
ble) Piergue. Mr. Stoehr and wife rtsided 
in Illinois for seven years after their marriace, and 
thence removed to this State, where he bou/ht 160 
acres of open prairie, which comprises a pat of his 
present highly improved farm. Their farily con- 
sisted of the following children : Mary, wie of Au- 
gust Fislier; Lena, wife of John Pauls; osephine, 
Frank, Martha. Lawrence, Henry, Anna Flora and 
Edith, living; and Elizabeth and an infant de- 

Mrs. Stoehr is the daugiiter of Iiwrence and 
Mary (Struble) Piergue, who came fom France to 
America in the fall of 1847. Tliy were on the 
ocean ninety days, a part of the tiJe being lost in 



a storin. The3' lauderl at New York and thence 
came directly to La Salle County, 111., where the 
father was engaged in the bakerj"^ business many 
years. The family consisted of six children, of 
whom five are still living. The father was for 
many 3-ears a soldier in the French army. He 
died in La Salle Countj-, 111., 'where the mother 
still lives, making her home with her son in Ottawa. 
She is a member of the Catliolic Church, in which 
faith her husband died. 

Our subject and his family are members of the 
Catholic Church. He belongs to Lyon Post, No. 
9, Cr.A.R., at Mar3'sville. He is a man of worth in 
the community, active, honorable, intelligent and 
hospitable, and enjoys the respect of his fellow- 
citizens. Politically he is a stanch Republican. 

(* l|INFIELD M. NEEL. The men who care 
\/sJ/' ^^^ most for outside show, are not those 
y^/sfi who can alwnys be depended upon as pos- 
\ sessing those solid and substantial traits of charae- 
\ter most needed in the building up of a community'. 
W quiet and law-abiding citizen, Mr. Neel lives in 
i modest homestead on sertion 13, in Logan Town- 
ship, where he has a well-tilled farm and sufHciejit 
o\ this world's goods for all the ordinary comforts 
omife. He is the offspring of a substantial ances- 
try, and was born in Fayette Count^', Pa., Oct. 1, 

Vkxen our subject was but an infant, his parents, 
Sann^l and Martha L. (Yarnell) Neel, decided 
upon\ change of location, and accordinglj' gather- 
ing together their household goods, made their w.a}' 
to Switierlaud County. Ind.. where thej' sojourned 
for a p&iod of nine years. Their next removal 
was to Njwport, Ky., and later they took up tbeir 
residencetn Hancock County, 111., where our sub- 
ject was riared to man's estate. There also he was 
married Oit. 15, 1874, to Miss Huldah. daughter 
of David aWl Harriet (Cole) Simmons. This lad}' 
was born inVthens County, Ohio, and the newly 
wedded pair Wde tlieir home in Hancock County, 
III., until 187\ That year our subject came to 
this county, aiil in 1880 he purchased his present 

farm of eighty acres, which occupies the southeast 
quarter of section 13. He put up the dwelling and 
otiier buildings, has most of the land fenced, and 
an orchard of apple-trees, together with grapes 
and the smaller fruits. The land is highly product- 
ive, and yields to the hand of industry a generous 

Tiie four cliildren born to our subject and his 
estimable wife were named respectively Harriet, 
Nellie, Yrank and Martin. Although not a member 
of any church, Mr. Neel believes in the maintenance 
of religious institutions, and is a teacher in the 
Sabbath-school at Herkimer. His parents preceded 
him to this State, and the f.ither died in Marysville 
Township, in October, 1880. The mother is still 
living. Their family consisted of four children, 
of whom Winfield M. was the youngest. Samuel 
Neel was a native of York County, Pa., while his 
estimable wife was born in Lancaster County, that 
State. The parents of Mrs. Neel were natives of 
Ohio, where her grandfather, Simmons, died. The 
grandmother later removed to Illinois, and died at 
the home of her son, the father of Mrs. Neel. The 
latter came to Illinois during its earliest settlement, 
and is still living in Hancock County. His wife 
died there. On her mother's side, the gr.andfather 
of Mrs. Neel, Samuel Cole, died in Hancock County, 
111., when well advanced in years. Grandmother 
Cole died in Ohio. 

RA F. MCMILLAN, Superintendent of the 
Marshall County Poor Farm, is a youno- man 
well dowered with firmness, activity and sao-a- 
cious enterprise, which traits have already secured 
him an honorable position among the leadino- agri- 
culturists of this vicinitj', and amplj' qualifjr him 
for the responsible office that he is filling so satis- 
factorily to all concerned. 

Our subject is a native of New York, Sept. 10, 
1856, being the date of his birth. His parents 
were likewise natives of the Empire State, his 
father, Ebenezer J. McMillan, born Dec. 2, 1 825 
and his mother, Frances (McDonald) McMillan, 
born in the year 1827, her death occurring Jan. 31, 



1889. They spent many years of their weddc'd 
life in the State of their nativity, but in 1867 they 
came as far west as Illinois with their family, and 
for a few years were residents of McHenry County, 
that State. In 1878 they once more took up the 
westward march, and came to Kansas to live, where 
the mother died, as above stated. The father 
makes his home with the subject of this sketch. 

The subject of this brief biographical review 
was the second of six children, and his earlj' years 
were spent on his father's farm, where he gained 
good practical knowledge of agriculture in- all its 
branches. He received the preliminaries of his 
education in the local public schools, and further 
fitted liimself for the duties of life by pursuing a 
good course of studj' one winter at Spring Arbor, 
Mich. As soon as old enough to decide on a vo- 
cation, he adopted the calling to which he had been 
bred, as the one most suited to his tastes, and the 
success that he has achieved proves the wisdom of 
his decision. In 1877 and 1878 he abandoned agri- 
culture for awhile, and engaged in the mercantile 
business in Illinois. In 1884 he and his wife went 
to Oregon for one season, but, not caring to settle 
there, they returned to Marshall County, where 
thej' have ever since remained. March 1, 1888, he 
look charge of the Marshall County Poor Farm, 
which comprises 640 acres of arable land, 300 acres 
of which are under good cultivation, and under the 
admirable management of our subject yield abun- 
dant harvests. The farm-ris well stocked with stock 
of good grades, carrying seventy head of cattle, 
sixteen horses, and forty hogs. As Superintendent 
of this farm, Mr. McMillan is found to be the 
right man in the right place, as under his super- 
vision the farm is kept up to a high standard, and 
ever3'thing is neat and orderly, the work teing 
performed sj^stematically, and the poor people 
under his care are treated with kindness, tempered 
by firmness where needed, and they find in him a 
true friend. 

!Mr. McMillan was united in marriage to Miss 
Belle Smith, March 2, 1881, and to them have 
co;ne four children — Robert G., Mja-on L., Millard 
J. and Sarah L. Mrs. McMillan is a daughter of 
the late Thaddeus O. Smith, of Frankfort, Kan., 
who died in 1887. Her mother still lives, making 

her home in Colorado. Mrs. McMillan was the 
ninth in order of birth of ten children, and she 
was born in Missouri, Feb. 1, 1864. 

Mr. McMillan is a frank, open-hearted man, pos- 
sessing ready tact and an obliging manner, which 
have won him many friends. He has mingled in 
yjublic life, and has proved an efficient civic official. 
For two years he has served as Clerk of Elm Creek 
Township. He is active and influential in politics, 
and labors for the interests of the Republican 

'■'♦-» i> « 5 >' 1I ' i S ■ s" «°* 

^ I^ILLIAM H. COLGROVE. Among the 
\rJ// substantial farmers who are carrying on 
W^ the development of the agricultural dis- 
tricts of this county, we may mention the subject 
of our sketch, who owns and occupies a farm of 
160 acres on section 11, Marysville Township. He 
is the son of Andrew Colgrove, who was born in 
Woodliall, Steuben Co., N. Y. His mother was 
MissAlmira Baxter, a native of the same town. 
Upon their marriage they settled in their native 
place, afterward removing to Randolph County, 
Ind., remaining there for several years. Thence 
the}' removed to Ohio, and after several years resi- 
dence in the Buckeye State, repaired to Florida, 
Mo., where they remained about six 3'ears. Cross- 
ing the Mississippi River into Pike County, 11, 
they remained several years, and then spent f'jur 
years in Bureau County, of the same State. 'Ihey 
then removed to this county, where the fatherdied 
in January, 1 883. The parental family consisted 
of nine children, three of whom died in inancj'. 
Those who grew to maturity were Mary M, C3'n- 
thia L., James F., William H., Emma T., aid Ella 
R. Mary is the wife of Randolph Robbs, Iving in 
Gage County, Neb.; Cynthia became the wife of 
John Bell, and died in Wilson County, ois State, 
in 1885; James F. is a resident of Gaja County, 
Neb.; Emma is the wife of Thomn Richards, 
of the same countj^; Ella is the wife o' John With, 
also of Gage County, Neb. 

The subject of this sketch was bon near Roches- 
ter, Ohio, April 11, 1858, coming vttli his parents 
to this county. At the residence d the bride, in 



Marysville Township, June 2, 1881, occurred his 
marriage to Miss Martha M. Bigbam, daughter of 
Andrew Bigham, whose biography will be found 
on another page in this volnme. Mrs. Colgrove 
was born in Ogle County, 111., Oct. 15, 1861. She 
has borne her husband four children — Charles A., 
.Sylvia M., Addie G., and Erskine. 

In addition to the cultivation of his farm, most 
of wliich is now improved, Mr. Colgrove gives 
considerable attention to corn shelling and wheat 
threshing, possessing machinery of the latest and 
most approved models for carrjdng on this indus- 
try. In politics, Mr. Colgrove is a stanch Repub- 
lican, never failing to cast his vote in the interest 
of tliat party. He is an energetic and reliable citi- 
zen, and gives his influence to the support of everj' 
measure for the good of the community. 

l|]_^ ENRY FARRAR. After the labors of a 
rji long and well spent life, this gentleman has 
■^)^ wisely retired from active dut}', but retains 
((^ possession of his old homestead, whicli is 
located one mile southeast of the city of Beattie. 
Near the city he owns ten acres of good ground 
with a fine residence. His farm property consists of 
960 acres, located in Guittard and Rock townships. 
His career is a fine illustration of the self-made man, 
who through his own industry and energy has 
arisen from humble surroundings, to an enviable 
position, socially and financially, among his fellow- 
men. The habits which enforced economy taught 
him in his boyhood, proved of great service to him 
in his later years, and were, in fact, partially the 
secret of his success. 

A native of Yorkshire, England, onr subject was 
born March 20, 1815, and when a little lad of five 
years set out with his parents in April, 1820, for 
America. They landed in Dearborn County, Ind., 
where his father, Jonathan Farrar, purchased a 
tract of wild land and commenced building up a 
farm from the wilderness. Not being satisfied 
with his progress financially, the father shortly 
afterward, leaving Indiana with his little family, 
emigrated to Cincinnati, Ohio. Here also he only 

sojourned briefly, removing tlienee to Columbus, 
and later to Madison County, Ohio. There our 
subject spent his years from the age of twelve un- 
til reaching his majority, in the meantime acquir- 
ing a practical education in the common school. 
He remained under the parental roof until his mar- 
ri.age, which occurred in 1837, the bride being 
Miss Malinda Chenoweth. Afterward he em- 
ployed himself in farming pursuits in Madison 
County, until his removal to Marshall County, 

There were born to our subject and his estima- 
ble wife ten children, seven of whom' are living. 
The eldest, a daughter, Mary Jane, is now the wife 
of Owen Thomas, a farmer of Guittard Township, 
Horatio N. is a resident of Murray Township; 
Thomas J. lives in Rock Township, and Jonathan 
in Noble Township. Margaret is the wife of J. D. 
Crooks, and with her sister, Is.abel (Mrs. F. M. 
Durkee) resides in Guittard Township; William is 
a resident of Oketo. The wife and mother died 
in Madison County, Ohio, about 1856. 

Mr. Farrar continued a resident of the Buckeye 
State until 1874, in the meantime becoming the 
owner of about 600 acres of land, near London, 
the county seat. There as here, he was prominent 
in local affairs, serving five years as Assessor and 
Treasurer of his school district and occupying fre- 
quentlj^ other positions of trust and responsibility. 
A part of his land had been cleared at the time of 
purchase and the balance he cleared himself. He 
built up a fine homestead upon which he lived until 
resolving to seek the farther West. 

Our subject was married a second time, Sept. 
30, 1858, to Mrs. Rachacl (Gregg) Seal and of tjjis 
union there were born two children : Romeo, who 
operates a farm on section 36 in Guittard Town- 
ship, and Spurgeon, who remains at home with his 
parents. Mrs. Farrar was born in Belmont, Ohio, 
Sept. 10, 1830, and is the daughter of .Jesse and 
Catherine (Daniels) Gregg, the former of whom 
was a tailor by trade and also the owner of a farm. 
They lived in Belmont until their daughter Rachael 
was a young lady of eigbteen 3'ears, and then re- 
moved to Madison County, where she was married 
to John W. Seal and became the mother of one 
child, Eva. The latter is now married to John 



Warner, of Guittard Township, this county. Mr. 
Seal died in Madison County, Ohio, about 1855. 

In 1874 Mr. Farrar, leaving the Buclveye State, 
came to this county and settled upon the land 
which he had purchased the year before. It was 
in its primitive condition, and his first business 
was the erection of a dwelling, which he and his 
family occupied until able to abandon it for a 
more modern residence. The story of his labors 
is similar to that of the other persevering and en- 
terprising men around him, and the result of these 
labors much the same, illustrating in a marked de- 
gree the results of energy and perseverance. The 
farm is now largely devoted to the raising of grain 
and stock and is the source of a reasonable income. 
Besides this property Mr. Farrar was the owner of 
two sections, which he has divided among his chil- 
dren. He lived on the farm until April, 1880, 
then put up his present fine residence. He is a 
man liberal and public-spirited, taking a genuine 
interest in the prosperity of bis adopted county, 
and uniformly supports tiie principles of the Re- 
publican party. 

\i^^RED BRUCKER. Many of the men who 
[i=^gi are now quietly located in the rural dis- 
til, tricts, have seen much of life, and been 
over a goodly portion of the world. The subject 
of this notice, who is pursuing the peaceful occu- 
pation of a farmer on section 4, Balderson Town- 
ship, was born in what was then the Province of 
Alsace, France, Nov. 6, 1838. He was the fiflli 
child of his parents. Christian and Lena (Beriseh) 
Brucker, further mention of whom will be found in 
the sketch of Henry Brucker, on another page in 
this volume. 

Our subject attended the common schools of his 
native place, where he was reared to manhood, and 
served an apprenticeship at the trade of blacksmith, 
which he followed four years. He then entered 
the French army as a member of the 87th Infantrj-, 
in which he served two years, going with it into 
Africa, and fighting two battles, the first near Al- 
giers, close to the desert of Sahara. The second 

was sixty miles north of the desert, and the French 
army was victorious in both instances. It is doubt- 
ful if ever in the history of that army there was 
greater bravery displayed in the conduct of its offi- 
cers and men. They endured much suffering upon 
the burning sands of an alien soil, but thej^ were 
inspired bj- loft^^ ambition, and thus accomplished 
their purpose. Young Brucker bravely endured 
the vicissitudes of war with his comrades, and was 
ever to be found at his post. Later, for four j'ears 
he served on garrison duty in France. Finally he 
received his honoral)le discharge, and returning 
home to his native Province, followed his trade 
there one j'ear. 

In 186G Mr. Brucker set out for America, board- 
ing a sailing-vessel at Havre, which, after a voj'age 
of two weeks, landed him safely in New York 
City. Thence he proceeded to Lee County, 111., 
of which he was a resident three years. In 18G9 
he came to this county, and here he has since made 
his liome. He was married in Gage Countj', Neb., 
March 4, 1871, to Miss Emma, daughter of Lud- 
wig and Minnie (Heiss) Zimmerman, who were 
natives of Prussia. The father of Mrs. Brucker 
dep.arted this life April 3, 1889, in Gage County, 
Neb. The mother is still living, being now seventy- 
five years of age, and makes her home inNcliraska. 
The parental family included five children, of 
whom Mrs. Brucker was the fourth in order of 
birth. She was a native of the same Province in 
Prussia as her i)arents, and born June 6, 1851. 

To our subject and his estimable wife there have 
been born eight children, viz. : William C, Mary 
L., Albert J., Emma A., Augusta, Minnie C, Fred- 
erick II., and Ludwig O. Mr. and Mrs. Brucker 
were carefully reared in the doctrines of the Lulli- 
eran Church, to which they still loyallj' adhere. 
The real estate possessions of Mr. Brucker com- 
prise 240 acres of prime land, all of which has been 
brought to a good state of cultivation. He has 
two houses with their adjacent buildings, and makes 
a specialty of stock-raising, keeping usually about 
twenty head of cattle, a number of horses, and 
sixty head of swino. After becoming a voting 
citizen, Mr. Brucker identified himself witii the 
Repul)lican ))arty, but later wheeled over into the 
ranks of the Democracy. He is a wide-awake and 



enterprising citizen, and talces an especial interest 
in the education of his children. "Little Fred 
Briicker," as he is familiarly known, is a universal 
favorite, ever ready to oblige a friend, and very 
slow in making enemies. Progressive and intelli- 
gent, he has become thoroughly identified with the 
institutions of his adopted country, and stands sec- 
ond to none among those who have been foremost 
in developing the resources of this part of the 

:Si *ILLIAM BELL. One of the most beauti- 
\jqJ// tal farms in Guittard Township belongs to 
W^J the subject of this notice. It is finely lo- 
cated on section 34, and emliraees 320 acres of 
land, which, at the time Mr. Bell settled upon it, 
nine years ago, was only partially' improved. It 
has now been brought to a fine state of cultivation, 
and embellished with good buildings, which, to- 
getlier with the live stock, machiner3' and modern 
appurtenances, presents one of the finest estates in 
this region. The proprietor is one of the most 
siilistantial citizens of this part of the county, a 
man who is looked up to in his community, and wlio 
has been largely instrumental in forwarding tlie 
various enterprises set on foot for tiie gcneml good 
of the people. Industrious, economical andtiirifty, 
he pi-esents an example worthy of emulation. 

Mr. Bell was born in Madison County, Ohio, 
March 5, 1828, and there spent the early years of 
his life until reaching man's estate. He was mar- 
ried Sept. 11, 1855, to Miss Margaret Amos, a na- 
tive of his own county, and carried on farming in 
the Buckeye State until the spring of 1880. He 
then decided upon a ('hange of location, and com- 
ing to this county, purchased the farm which lie 
now owns and occupies, in the fall of the year, tak- 
ing possession in March, 1881. While a resident 
of his native county, he was for the long period of 
twenty years. Clerk of Oak Run Township, and 
before leaving, in 1880, was the appraiser of tlie 
land subjected to revaluation for taxation. He 
cast his first Presidential vote for Win field Scott, 
and is a stanch supporter of Democratic principles. 

To our subject and his excellent wife there were 
born seven children, only five of whom are living: 
Martha J., the eldest, is the wife of H. Jones, of 
Beattie; Joseph W., Lizzie A., Frank J. and Benja- 
min M. are at homewith their parents. Mrs. Margaret 
( Amo3)Bell was born Seiit. 21,1829,and is the daugh- 
ter of Robert C. and Elizabeth (Wilson) Amos, who 
were natives of Maryland, and who after their mar- 
riage removed, about 1822, to Madison County, 
Ohio, where their daughter, Margaret, was born. 
To Mr. and Mrs. Amos there were born eight chil- 
dren, only two of whom lived to mature years, 
these being both daughters, Elizabeth married 
Joseph Bell, a brother of our subject, who contin- 
ues a resident of Madison County, Ohio. Mrs. 
Elizabeth Amos died when comparatively a young 
woman, in September, 1842. Mr. Amos survived 
his first wife eighteen years, his death taking place 
in 1860. 

James D. Bell, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Virginia and born in 1802. When a lad 
of six years his parents removed to Ross Connty, 
Ohio, where he developed into manhood, and niar- 
ried Miss Elizabetli Dewey, of Carlisle, Cumber- 
land Co., Pa. After their marriage, they settled 
upon a farm in Madison County, Ohio, and reared 
a family of seven childien. Both died in 1843, 
the father Jan. 1. and the mother March 27. They 
were excellent i)eople, and members in good stand- 
ing of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 



E farmers 

\'jp^ DWARD CAIN, one of the most extensive 
rs of Guittard Township, owns and 
operates 440 acres on section 17. Through 
his careful cultivation of the soil, and his excellent 
management, tjiis farm has obtained the reputation 
of being one of the most valuable and productive 
throughout this region. A pioneer of Marshall 
Connty, Mr. Cain came within its limits as early as 
1859, in company with Mr. Fitzgerald, but did not 
settle here at that time, although he purchased 160 
acres of land. He and Mr. Fitzgerald returned to 
the county in 1865, our subject tjjen bringing with 
him his family, and he has since here sojourned. 



The fii'st dwelling of our subject, after his ar- 
rival in the far AVest, was a small log house. After 
starting out for himself, he was employed as a deck 
hand and watchman on the Missouri River, from 
St. Josepli to Kansas City, and while thus employed, 
saved his earnings in order to invest in land. Most 
of this time he was on the "Major" and the "Emily," 
and he was mostly under one captain and one 
mate. AVhen commencing the improvement of his 
land, he labored early and late to bring the soil to 
a state of cultivation, and in making fences, put- 
ting up buildings, and setting out fruit and shade 
trees. In the meantime he assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the township and school districts, and dis- 
charged the duties of most of the local offices of 
the township. The present year (1889), he har- 
vested about eightj- acres of corn, twenty acres of 
millet, and eighteen acres of oats. He was one of 
the six or eight persons instrumental in the organ- 
ization of the Catholic Church, at Beattie, mention 
of which is made in the sketch of Father Schmick- 
ler, which will be found elsewhere in this volume. 
He assisted bj' his money and labor, in the erection 
of the church edifice, and has been one of its most 
efficient members. He and Mr. Fitzgerald trans- 
ported nearlj' all of the material required, from the 
depot to the building site, and he has naturall}' 
taken a warm interest in the prosperity and ad- 
vancemeut of the societj'. 

Mr. Cain was born in Countj' MSath, Ireland, in 
1826, and lived there until a man of twenty-six 
years. Upon coming to America, he settled first 
in Massachusetts, where he spent five years, then in 
18.57, removed to Illinois, and from there to Lea- 
venworth, Kan., in the spring of 1858. He was 
married, Dec. 22, 1861, at Atchison, Kan., to Miss 
Johanna Fitzgerald, and they lived there until 
coming to this countj'. The five children born of 
this union, are all living, namel}^ : Patrick, James, 
Mary, John, and Peter. With the exception of 
the eldest, who is learning telegraphy, they are all 
at home with their parents, and are being given the 
advantages of a modern education. The second 
son, James, is farming on his own account, having 
seventy-five acres of corn, and twenty-five acres of 
flax. Mr. Cain has distinguished himself as a suc- 
cessful stock-raiser, having about 100 head of cat- 

tle, and fifteen head of horses, besides numbers of 
swine. From this industry alone he realizes a 
handsome income. The enforced economy of his 
younger years, though severe at the time, proved 
an excellent schooling, and has been of 
value, constraining him to live within his income, 
and adjust his wants in proportion to his means. 
This has been the secret of his success, and enabled 
him to lay aside -something for. a rain3- day. 

Mrs. Cain was born in Count}^ Limerick, Ire- 
land, about 1832, and when coming to the United 
States with her parents, settled first in Baltimore. 
Thence they removed to Chicago, and finally to 
this county, where the young people formed tlie 
acquaintance which resulted in their union for life. 


Pleasantly located on 
section 26, Balderson Township, is a quar- 
1^ ter section of land which comprises the 
home of our subject. His father was Philip 
Brucker, a French farmer, and his mother Lena 
OUenbaugh, also a native of France, where thej- 
remained during their lives. They wei'e married 
in 1827. The mother died on the 1st of January, 
1842, the father surviving until March, 1865. 
They had a family of four children, of whom our 
subject was the youngest. His birth took place 
Jan. 1, 1842, in the south of France, where he 
grew to manhood. In 1862 he came to America, 
landing at New York, whence he went direct to Lee 
County, 111., where he lived six j-ears. He then in 
1868 came to Kansas, settling in this count}'. In 
1871 was celebrated his marriage to Marj- Stallen- 
work an estimable j"Oung lady. To them have 
been born five children — Mathew, Minnie, Lena. 
Annie, and Philip, (deceased). 

Mrs. Brucker is the eldest of her parents' chil- 
dren, five of whom are now living. She was born 
in Prussia in 1853, her parents Mathew and Theresa 
Stallenwork, emigrating to this countrj' the follow- 
ing year, and in 1867 removing to Kansas. She 
is a consistent member of the Catholic Church. 

Mr. Brucker takes an active interest in politics 





/^. /^^^-z^^ 



and is a strong adherent of the principles of the 
Republican party, never failing to cast liis vote in 
its interest. He is a member of the Lutheran 
Church and has been Secretary of that body. The 
160 acres of land, which he now owns and occupies, 
was raw prairie, when he came here. Now, 100 
acres are in a high state of cultivation and pro- 
ductiveness, there are five acres of orchard, and 
many improvements, including house, barns, and 
other buildings, all added by himself. He is car- 
rying on his agricultviral work very successfully, 
and in addition to the production of grains, raises 
everj' year some cattle and some horses, and keeps 
about fortj' head of hogs. He is an independent, 
enterprising man, a good citizen, entitled to and 
receiving the respect and esteem of his neighbors 
and fellow citizens. 

^ ^^ ^ 

(OHN W. MEANS. The phenomenal growth 
and development of Marshall County, 
has been solely due to the men who first 
(^//' established themselves within its borders, 
and who steadily adhered to their original purpose 
of making it a permanent abiding place. Avoid- 
ing the fate of the " rolling stone which gathers no 
moss," Mr. Means has proved one of the brightest 
examples of enterprise and perseverance within its 
limits. His large and well cultivated farm, embracing 
nearly 400 acres of valuable land, and the buildings 
which he has erected upon it, are sufficient indica- 
tion of the spirit of progress and the resolute will 
which have characterized his labors. He has one 
of the best residences in the township — -a neat, 
commodious and tasteful structure, replete with 
modern conveniences and furnished in good style. 
Tiie outbuildings and farm machinery are what 
would reasonably be expected from a man of Lis 
calibre. He makes a specialty of stock-raising, 
chiefly Norman and Percheron horses, and in addi- 
tion to his other interests, handles harvest ma- 
chinery to quite an extent. 

Our subject was the eldest son of his parents, 
and was born in Ray County, Mo., Dec. 6, 1835. 
His father, James C. Means, was a native of Chris- 

tian County, Ky., and married Miss Elvira Mc- 
Williams, who was born in Illinois; when about 
four years old she went with her parents, who set- 
tled in Lexington County, Mo. After marriage 
the father of our subject settled in Ray Countj', 
and then removed to Buchanan County, where he 
died in 1851. The mother is still living and makes 
her home with our subject. The parental house- 
hold consisted of twelve children; two died in in- 
fancy, while six daughters and four sons grew to 
maturity. Of these eight are now living. 

The subject of this notice was about thirteen 
years old when his parents took up their residence 
in Buchanan County, Mo., where he lived until 
twenty-one years of age, and was there married 
on the 16th of December, 1856, to Miss Lucinda 
F., daughter of William E. and Janira (McBride) 
Riley. The parents of Mrs. Means were n.atives of 
Kentucky, and were married in Boone Countj^, Mo. 
Thence they removed to Callaway County, Mo., 
and from there in ] 843 to Buchanan County, of 
which they remained residents for thirty ye.irs. 
The mother died in 1872, and Mr. Riley afterward 
came to this county, in 1879, settling in Elm 
Creek Township, where he now resides. 

To the parents of Mrs. Means there were born 
fourteen children — ^seven sons and seven daugh- 
ters — twelve of whom lived to mature years. Lu- 
cinda F. was the third in oi'der of birth, and was 
born in Boone County, Mo., Aug. 5, 1839. She 
is now the mother of eleven children, the eldest of 
whom, a daughter, Nancy E., is the wife of Charles 
Bras, of Elm Creek Township; William E. married 
Miss Emma Hunt, of Blue Rapids Township, and 
tliey live in Marysville ; James W. marrried Essie 
Hunt of Blue Rapids City; Nellie A., is the wife 
of S. J. Frazier, of Vermillion; Sarah J. is tlie wife 
uf L. H. Calkins, of Marysville; Eva B. married 
Cliarles Ma3'or, of Elm Creek; Charles G., Benja- 
min F., Edgar W., Edna F., and Lucy M. remain 
at home with their parents. Mr. and Mrs. Means 
have eighteen grandchildren. 

Mr. Means was County Assessor for two years 
before the countj' was divided into townships. He 
has served as Township Trustee and Justice of, the 
Pe.ace, and was Postmaster of Elm Creek for a per- 
iod of seven years. Politicallj'. he was formerly a 



Republican, bnl is now in sympathy- with the 
Union Labor party. Both he and his wife are 
active members of the Missionary Baptist Church, 
in which Mr. Means has officiated as Deacon for 
nearly twenty years. He is the friend of education 
and of progress in all its forms. 

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Means set- 
tled in Buchanan County, Mo., but in the fall of 
1860 came to this county, where he secured 160 
acres of land on section 35, and lived there five 
years. He then purchased his farm on section 26, 
where he has since lived. He may be most prop- 
erly classed among the earliest pioneers of Elm 
Creek Township, as he put up the first house 
within its limits. He has been permitted to watch 
the growth and development of one of the richest 
sections of the Great West, and may properly feel 
that he has borne no unimportant part in bringing 
it to its present condition. As a representative of 
the worth and abilitj' of this part of we are 
pleased to present to our readers a fine portrait of 
Mr. Means. 



I EZIN CLARK, a prominent farmer of Mar- 
shall Count}-, Kan., is a son of John and 
Lucinda (Jennings) Clark, natives respect- 
ively of Ireland and Ohio. Mr. and Jlrs- 
John Clark were married in Ohio, at the home of 
the bride's parents in Hancock Count}-, and made 
that county their place of residence for some years, 
subsequently removing to Allen County. Ohio, 
where Mr. Clark spent the rest of his earthly pil- 
grimage, leaving, at its close, his aged companion 
to pursue the remainder of the journey alone, yet 
not altogether alone, for the One whom they both 
so faithfully worshipped has said, "I will never 
leave thee nor forsake thee." The family of this 
worthy couple embraced ten children of whom our 
subject was the fifth. He was born in Allen 
County, Ohio, March 24, 1852, and was reared to 
manhood on his father's farm, remaining under the 
parental roof until the spring of 1871. In that 
year he started out in the world to do for himself, 
and after "spying out the land" somewhat, decided 

to settle in Center Township. As a nucleus for fu- 
ture operations, he purchasid eigiity acres of fine 
land and at once set to work breaking up the tough 
prairie sod preparatory to the regular plowing and 
planting, reaping and gathering into barns, which 
fill up the measure of the ideal life of the tiller of 
the soil. As a matter of course, the first buildings 
erected by him were designed and constructed ac- 
cording to the severest pi;inciples of economy, but 
in due course of time these homely structures were 
replaced bj' others more in accordance with the 
principles of art, and also more roomy and conven- 
ient. Other improvements were made as rapidl}' as 
possible and our subject was enabled to increase the 
size of the farm 3'ear by 3'ear, until he now owns a 
well-tilled place of 360 acres of good land, located 
on section 25. In addition to the usual routine 
work of the farm, Mr. Clark has been quite success- 
ful as a stock-raiser, and has placed some line 
animals on the market for which he has received 
highly remunerative prices. 

Wishing to secure for his children better edu- 
cational advantages, and desiring a change in his 
own mode of life, Mr. Clark removed to Frankfort 
during the year 1888, and engaged in a general 
mercantile business. He has not, however, entirely 
given up the farm but operates it pretty much as 
usual, finding it an excellent summer residence for 
his family. 

Mr. Clark was married Aug. 15, 1873, in Mar- 
shall County, Kan., to Miss Jane Ewart, a Scottish 
lass, whose birth occurred Aug. 24, 1855. Mrs. 
Clark possesses all the sterling virtues of her race, 
and is withal a graceful, charming woman, whose 
acquaintance is much sought for and whose friend- 
ship is highly prized. Since her marriage she has 
become the mother of seven children of whom two 
died in infancy. The living are: Alvin, Warren, 
Clara, Charles and Elsie. 

Mr. Clark is a wide-awake, go-ahead, public- 
spirited man, right in the prime of life and bound 
to make a success of whatever he undertakes. 
Politicall}^ he falls into line with the Democratic 
party, but has no time to spare for any party work. 
He is contented to fulfill his duties as a citizen in 
private life, leaving to others the honors and emol- 
uments of public oHice. Although declining the 



responsibilities and, sometimes, embarrassments of 
office, he does not refuse to assist, according to his 
ability, in everything tending to promote the best 
interests of the community in which he resides. 
He keeps himself well informed on all subjects of 
general interest, taking especial pride in the pro- 
gress of his native land. Mrs. Clark is a conscien- 
tious member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

BENJAMIN J. HAMMETT departed this 
^ life at his home in Elm Creek Township, 
May 6, 1874, leaving to his widow and 
family a fine, large property, embracing 
960 acres of land besides property in Marvsville. 
Mrs. Hammett since the death of her husband has 
managed her farming and business interests with 
more than ordinar3f ability, being a very capable 
and intelligent lady and possessed of business 
qualities in a marked degree. She has an extremely 
pleasant home which she maintains in a manner in- 
dicative of refined tastes and ample means, and she 
occupies a leading position in the comaiunitjr. 

Mrs. Hammett was born in the North of Ireland, 
March 18, 1827, and is the daughter of Mathew 
and Eleanor (Monteith) Robb, whose native place 
was near that of their daughter. The parents there 
spent their childhood and youth and after marriage 
sojourned there a few years, the father being en- 
gaged as teacher in one of the high schools. He 
was a man of excellent education and a graduate 
of Trinity College, Dublin. The confinement of 
the schoolroom greatly impaired his health and he 
finally engaged as private tutor in the familj^ of an 
Episcopal clergyman, where his duties were less 
onerous and he enjoyed more leisure and exercise. 

In the spring of 1831 the Robb family decided 
to seek their fortunes in America and after an 
ocean voyage of eight weeks on a sailing vessel 
landed in New York City. Thence thej- proceeded 
to Franklin Count}^ N. Y., where the father pur- 
chased a farm, paying therefor $1,000, but on ac- 
count of an imperfect title it proved a total loss. 
He was then obliged to return to his professional 
life and engaged as a teacher and book-keeper 

until about 1837. Then leaving the States he went 
into the Dominion of Canada with his family, pur- 
chasing another farm, but the air of the Dominion 
did not restore his health which completely failed 
and the mother was obliged to raise the family and 
look after its financial affairs. 

In 1853, the Robb family returning to the States, 
located in Henry County, 111., but only lived there 
one j'ear. Then going South they purchased a 
farm nine miles from Little Rock, Ark., where the 
parents spent the remainder of their lives, the 
father dying in the fall of 1856 and the mother in 
.June, 1862. They were the parents of a large 
family of children, nine of whom lived to mature 
years and of whom Rebecca was among the elder 

Mrs. Hammett was nearly five years old when 
her parents emigrated to America, and she went to 
Illinois about six months prior to the removal of 
the famil^^ to that State, remaining with lier sister 
until her marriage, which took place near Chilli- 
cothe, in Pecn-ia County, April 20, 1853. Her 
husband, Benjamin J. Hammett, was born near Bowl- 
ing Green, Ky., and emigrated to Illinois the year 
prior to the Black Hawk War, locating in Peoria 
Covmty, where he engaged in mercantile pursuits 
at Cbillicothe. 

Mr. and Mrs.Hammet after their marriage resided 
in Chillicothe, 111., until their removal to this State 
Aug. 23, 1859. They left there on the 20th of 
April and first went to the Rocky Mountains over- 
land where Mr. Hammett intended to engage in 
mining. Circumstances, however, prevented their 
remaining and thej' then came to this county, lo- 
cating in what is now Elm Creek Township on the 
Big Blue. By purchase and preemption Mr. Ham- 
mett secured six quarter sections of land and there- 
after gave his attention fully to agricultural 

Seven children were born to our subject and his 
estimable wife but the first born, a son, died in in- 
fancy. Paul A., Charles A., and Lyman H. are 
engaged in farming for themselves in Elm Creek 
Township. Olive B., Benjamin J. and Eleanor A., 
yet remain at home with their mother. Mrs. 
Hammett was trained in the doctrines of the Epis- 
copal Church, with which she united when a maiden 



of sixteen years, but on coming to Illinois joined 
the Presbyterian Cliurcb. Tlie Hammett bome- 
stead stands out prominently in the landscape of 
Elm Creek Township, and comprises one of its 
most delightful pictures. The dwelling and the 
■nain barn are solid stone structures, built in that 
substantial manner which would seem to insure 
their existence for a century. There are fruit and 
shade trees in abundance, live stock and farm ma- 
chinery and all the other appliances pf the well- 
legulated rural home. It is the frequent resort of the 
best people of the county, to whom the Hammett 
family is widely and favorably known as occupying 
no secondary position in the social circle. 

7/ RANK G. STETTNLSCH. This well-hnown 
German farmer of Herkimer Townsiiip, is 
located on a well-regulated farm of 308 
acres, occupying a part of section 29, and where he 
has brought the soil to a good state of cultivation. 
He [lossesses in a marked m.inner the characteris- 
tics of his nationality, thrift, industry and persever- 
ance, which qualities have enabled him to obtain a 
competence for his old age. As a citizen he is con- 
sidered a man of strict integrity, one who pays his 
honest debts, and makes a specialty of attending 
to his own concerns. 

The opening years in the life of our subject, 
were spent in the town of Sonnanburg, Province 
of Brandenburg, Germany, where he was born Dec. 
4, 1855. His parents were Charles and Caroline 
(Kruschel) Stettnisch, whose ancestors had been na- 
tives of Germany for centuries, and whose grand- 
parents died there at about the age of ninety years. 
In the summer of 1867, August, the eldest brother 
of our subject, emigrated to America, and located 
in tills county. In 1868, he was joined by the par- 
ents and the remaining seven children. The mother 
died in November, 1869. The father is still liv- 
ing, making his home near Marysville. Both were 
members of the Lutheran Church, in Germanj'. 

The subject of this sketch was reared to man's 
estate in this county, and in Nov. 22, 1879, was 
married to Miss ^lary, daughter of Krnest and 

Elizabeth (Fink) Heitfeld. The parents of Mrs. 
Stettnisch were also natives of Germany, and born 
in the Province of Hanover. Thej' likewise became 
identified with the Lutheran Church in early life. 
They came into this county in 1868, and are still 
living in Herkimer Township. Mr. and Mrs. Stett- 
nisch are the parents of six children, viz: Henry, 
Lena, Frank, Amelia, Sophia, and Charles. One 
sou, P^rnest, died when quite young. True to the 
teachings of their early years, Mr. and Mrs. Stett- 
nisch are also members of the Lutheran Churoli. 

At the time of the purchase of the present farm 
by our subject, the only building upon it was a 
small frame house. He has erected a good stable, 
corn-cribs, wagon-sheds, and other needed struc- 
tures, and has the land all fenced and brought to a 
productive condition. His apple orchard comprises 
about fifty trees. Upon becoming a voting citizen, 
Mr. Stettnisch identified himself with the Repub- 
lican party, but lately votes the Democratic ticket. 
He has very little to do with public aiJairs, and 
pursues the even tenor of his way as a law-abiding 
citizen, keeping out of the courts, and maintaining 
the good will of those around him. 

\Tny)KNJAM[N W. SMITH. There is probably 
IL^ no more popular man in his community 

I^Mvitl ''^^^'^ ^^' ^™''''^' ^^"^ ^^ numbered among 
^^=^' the leading land owners of Richland Town- 
ship. He is peculiarly genial and hospitable in his 
make-up, while his strict integrity and upright 
character, have gained for him the good will of all 
who know him. ,He is a life-long farmer, and op- 
ates 240 acres of finely imi)roved land on the north- 
e.Tst quarter of section 17. The whole has been 
brought under good cultivation, is fenced and 
cross-fenced, and embellished with neat and sub- 
stantial modern buildings. Mr. Smith has by his 
own exertions acquired a good fund of practical 
knowledge, and is a man with whom an hour may 
always be spent pleasantly and profitably. 

Our subject was born in Clinton, Summit Co., 
Ohio, Sept. 22, 1 839, and is the son of Freeman O. 
Smith, who was likewise a native of the Buckeye 



State, and born about the middle of January, 1814. 
The mother of Benjamin W. was, in her girlliood. 
Miss Mar^' Wholf, a native of Shii)pensburg,Pa., and 
who went with her parents to Ohio, wlicn a maiden 
of fifteen j-ears. She was born in 1814, and died 
in 1877. After marriage the parents of our sub- 
ject settled in Summit County, Ohio, and the father 
was employed on a canal boat, and finally became 
captain and owner of a boat, making his head- 
quarters in Clinton. About 1845, our subject, 
leaving his native State, removed with his parents 
to what is now Lot's Grove, in -Worth County, 
Mo., and there spent his boyhood days on a farm. 
He acquired a practical education, mostly by his 
own exertions, and later in the town of Allen 
learned wagon-making, at wliich he worked for a 
number of years. Finally his parents removed to 
Gentr}' County, Mo., in 1876, and there the 
mother died. Tiie father is still living there. lie 
was the first man to put up a house in Lot's Grove, 
this being erected in 1845, before the land had been 
surve3'ed, and while the country was overrun with 

Amid these wild scenes our subject developed 
into a strong and vigorous manhood, and when 
ready to establish a home of his own he was united 
in marriage with Miss Celia J. Gibson. The young 
people had their first home at Allendale, where our 
subject worked as a wagon-maker and a carperjter, 
and also operated a sawmill for some years. About 
1865 he removed to Blanchard, Page Co., Iowa, 
whicii remained his home until 1883. In the mean- 
time he turned his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits, making a specialty of live stock, raising cattle 
and swine, and shipping to Chicago. In March, 
1883, he came to this county and purchased a tract 
of raw prairie, from which he constructed his 
present homestead. He set out fruit and forest 
trees and shrubbery, which have grown and flour- 
ished, his orchards supplying the family with lus- 
cious fruits, and his forest trees making a pleasant 
shade in summer, and serving as a protection from 
the blasts of winter. He has a windmill, and the 
other machinery required for the successful prose- 
cution of farming, and keeps himself posted in re- 
gard to the modern methods of cultivating the 
soil to the best advantage. He has declined the 

responsibilities of offlce with the exception of one 
term, when, much against his will, he' was pressed 
into service as Township Treasurer. He finds his 
religious home in the Methodist Episcopal Churcli 
of Mission Creek, and operates as Steward and 
Superintendent of the Sunday-school. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Smith there have been born . 
nine children, seven of whom are living: James 
F. married Miss Fannie Glick, and is located on a 
farm three miles west of his father; George S. is a 
resident of Balderson Townsliip; Walter L. remains 
with his parents; Dora R. is the wife of Perr_y 
Graham-, a farmer of Richland Township; Arthur 
D., Wesley T., and Uberto M., continue to reside 
under the parental roof. All the children of Mr. 
Smith are well educated. George S. completed his 
studies in College Springs, Iowa. He has been for 
some time engaged in farming. The family occu- 
pies a high social position in their community, and 
their home is the resort of its best people. 

AVID CRAIK. The well-cultivated farm 
belonging to Mr. Craik, indicates in a for- 
cible manner his character for enterprise, 
prudence and industry. He has never 
been afraid to put his hand to the plow and in the 
accumulation of his possessions has labored early 
and late, but if choosing so to ilo might now justi- 
fiably retire from active labor. His carefull}' cul- 
tivated fields make a beautiful picture in the 
landscape, while he has a neat and substantial 
dwelling and all the other comforts of modern 
rural life. His property embraces 160 acres pleas- 
antly located on section 30, and eighty acres on 
section 19. 

A native of Staffordshire, England, the subject 
of this sketch was bom March .5, 1825, and is the 
son of David and Elizabeth (Piggott) Craik, 
who were natives of the same shire as their son. 
His parents were reared, married and spent their 
entire lives near the place of their birth. The 
mother died when a young woman, in 1832. The 
father lived lo be ripe in years, passing away in 
1875. Of the seven children born to them, four 



fire now living, and David was the fourth in order 
of birth. The boyhood and youth of Mr. Craik 
were spent in the Old Country, he in the meantime 
receiving a fair education and acquiring those 
habits of industry and frugality which have greatly 
aided him in achieving success. When a young 
man of twenty-four years he resolved to seek his for- 
tune on another continent, and accordingly crossed 
the Atlantic, landing safely in New York City; 
thence he proceeded at once to De Kalb County, 
111., where he sojourned one 3'ear, then removed to 
Jo Daviess County, of which he was a resident five 
j^ears. His next removal was to Ogle County, 
where he lived until 1870. That year lie came to 
Kansas, locating in Washington County, whence he 
removed, in 1871, to his present farm where he has 
since lived. 

The 18th of October, 1855, marked a memora- 
ble epoch in the life of our subject, namely, his 
marriage with Miss Martha Ann, a daughter of 
.Limes and Deliuda (Boone) Craig. Mr. Craig was 
born in Ohio, while his wife was a native of Mis- 
souri, and the daughter of Col. Nathan Boone, 
who was the j-oungest son of Daniel Boone, the 
pioneer and Indian fighter of Kentucky. Col. Boone 
was stationed at Ft. Leavenworth while attached 
to the regular armj-. He owned a farm near Ash 
Grove, Mo., where he died in 1857, while home on 
a furlough. James Craig was a mill operator and 
the owner of mill proper!}' at Hanover, Jo Daviess 
Co., 111.; both he and his wife are deceased. He 
was captain of a company of volunteers in the 
Black Hawk War. Of the thirteen children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Craik eleven are living and named 
respectivel}-, David J.. Luella E., Emma A., Orpha 
I., Joseph W., Lionel L. G., Grace A.. Charles W., 
Frank A., Florence O. and Jesse A. Albert B. 
died in 1874, and Cora H. in 1872. 

The farm of Mr. Craik comprises 240 acres, all 
in one tract and all in a highly productive condi- 
tion. The residence was erected six j'ears ago. 
Mr. Craik has cultivated his own land with the 
lielp of his sons, and makes a specialty of stock- 
raising, keeping usually eighty-seven head of cat- 
tle, seven head of liorses and forty head of swine. 
He has been an active man in politics. He was 
first a Free Soiler, then a Republican, later a Green- 

backer and now (1889) votes the Union Labor 
ticket. He is Treasurer of Balderson Township, 
and has officiated as Road Overseer and a member 
of the School Board. He is identified with the 
I. O. 0. F., the Grange and the Alliance, in both of 
which he has held the various offices. In religious 
belief he is an Episcopalian. Mrs. Craik belongs 
to the Methodist Episcopal Church, while David 
and Luella are members of the Christian Church. 

OHN HUNT. The genial countenance of 
Mr. Hunt has been familiar to the citizens 
of Mar3-sville Township for, lo, these many 
years. His life occupation has been mainlj' 
that of a farmer, but since 1879 he has officiated 
much of the time as a minister of the United 
Brethren Church. He takes a bright and cheerful 
view of life and is peculiarly adapted to his pious 
calling, presenting the truths of religion in the 
happy and attractive manner which has for the 
3'oung, especially, the best results. Providence 
has blessed him with a contented disposition and 
a fair share of this world's goods, with the faculty 
of making the most of life under all circumstances 
and being able to extract therefrom a large amount 
of enjoyment. He is one of those men seeking to 
do good at every opportunity, never turning any 
needy from his door, and has thus made a good 
record for himself among his fellow-men. 

Mr. Hunt was born in Lincolnshire, England, 
Nov. 19, 1831, and with the exception of two 
years spent in Nottinghamshire lived there contin- 
uouslj^ until 1 853. Then a young man of twenty- 
two j'ears, he. determined upon emigrating to 
America, and after a six weeks' voj'age landed 
safely in New Orleans. Thence he proceeded to 
New Albany, Ind., where he was variously' en- 
gaged and where he remained about three years. 
We next find him established on a farm in Morgan 
Countj', 111., where he operated upon rented land 
until 1866. That year he changed his residence to 
Clark County, Wis., and for four 3-ears thereafter 
was employed in the lumber regions. Finally, in 
October, 1870, he crossed tlie Mississippi and com- 



ing to this county resumed farming on rented land 
for six years. He then purcliased IGO acres on 
secti<jn 6 in Mar3'sville Tovvnshi|). where he put up 
a residence and has since remained. He was pros- 
pered in his farming operations and has always 
managed to make a comfortable living for himself 
and his little family. 

In Lincolnshire, Englmd. our subject was mar- 
ried to Miss Charlotte Cox, who was born there 
not far from the early home of her husband. .She 
bore liini two children, Sarah and George, and ac- 
companied her family to America, but died on the 
Ohio Riv^er ten days after landing at New Orleans. 
'i'he bereaved husband took the remains to Evans- 
ville, Ind., where they were consigned to their final 
rest. Mr. Hunt was destined to a still further 
afHiction in the de.ath of his two children, who were 
taken away three days after the decease of the 
mother and were laid by iier side in the eemetei-y 
at Evansville. 

Mr. Hunt contracted a second marriage at Jack- 
sonville, 111., vvith Miss Sylvia Miller, who was 
born in Morgan County, 111., and was of German 
parentage. She became the mother of eight chil- 
dren and departed this life at tiie homestead in 
Marysville Township, this count}'. May 7, 187.5. 
Their eldest daughter. Mary L., is tiie wife of 
Mathias Stuffell; John W. married Miss Laviua 
Gough ; Emma is the wife of Allen Hall; Sarah A., 
Charlotte, Samuel, Jacob and Sylvia, remain at 
home with their father. Mr. Hunt, politically, is 
a straightforward Republican, a man of decided 
views and one who upholds his principles with all 
the natural strength of his character. It is safe to 
say that he has no enemies, as he has the happy 
faculty of making everyone his friend, and the still 
rarer one of treating courteously the stranger who 
comes to his door and perhaps has a favor to ask 
of him. 


'IN LEY McDonald. Among the many 
nationalities represented in America, the 
Scotch have ever taken the foremost rank 
for their many virtues. Clannish tliey may be in 
their devotion to those of their own race and kin- 

dred, yet they are ever kindly in their intercourse 
with all with whom they meet, proving excellent 
neighbors; of strict integrity and with their 
sterner traits of character adorned by the domestic 
virtues, as tlie rough surface of their native land 
is by the blossoms of the gorse. A worthy repre- 
sentative of this land and people is the gentleman 
whose name heads our sketch and who has been a 
resident of this connty for the past quarter of a 

He was born in Rosshire, Scotland, Jan. 12, 1811. 
His parents were John and Ann (McKenzie) McDon- 
ald, both natives of the shire in which their son 
was born. The father died in Scotland at the age 
of eighty-four. The mother coming to America 
after his death, in 1857, breathed her last in Marys- 
ville Township, this county, in the year 1869, also 
at the age of eighty-four. Our subject was the 
oldest of a family of seven children. At the age 
of fourteen he engaged in fishing for a livelihood 
and followed that business in connection with trad- 
ing until the year 1 854, when he came with his 
family, which included a wife and six children, to 
Montreal, Canada. They crossed the Atlantic in 
a sailing vessel "John Howard," which took eight- 
een days in the passage. They tarried in Montreal 
but six weeks when the}' came to Stark County, III. 
Here Mr. McDonald bought a farm at Elmira, at 
which place they lived until the spring of 1864, 
when he sold his farm and removed to this county. 
Selecting Marysville Township as his location he 
preempted eighty acres and homcsteaded 160 acres 
of land, lying on sections 2 and 11, the homestead 
being on the latter section. Mr. McDonald has 
erected excellent buildings upon his haul and accu- 
mulated propert}- until he is now the fortunate 
possessor of about 800 acres of land all lying in 
Marysville Township. He gives his attention 
wholly to farming and stock-raising, having large 
herds of both horses and cattle. 

At Inverness, Scotland, Dec. 25, 1842, Mr. McDon- 
ald was united in marriage to Miss Janet Ross, 
daughter of James and Ann (Campbell) Ross. Mrs. 
McDonald was one of a family of eleven children, 
being the seventh in order of birth. Her parents 
died in Scotland both having attained only to the 
age of fifty-five. Mrs. McDonald's birth took 



place April 2, 1819. She is the mother of twelve 
children, named respectivelj' : Annie died on Sept. 
20, 1889, she was tlie wife of C. A. Irabert, her 
home was in Victoria, British Columbia; she left 
eight children. Her husband was a soldier iii the 
late war and was at one time county clerk of Mar- 
shall Countj-, Kan.; Belle is the wife of Alexander 
Campbell, now District Clerk of Marshall County; 
Bettie is the wife of Henry Saunders, a farmer of 
Marysville Township; William married Lola Parks, 
and is a farmer of Marysville Township; James is 
single and lives at home ; Mary is the wife of Al- 
exander Inglis, they are farming in Pawnee County, 
Neb.; John married Elizabeth Diinant, and resides 
in Marysville Township; Maggie is single, and at 
home. Collin died in Illinois in his fifth year: 
Donald. Jesse and Christine are single and at home. 
Like the majority of hiscountrj'men Mr. McDon- 
ald takes a warm interest in the education of the 
young and has held the office of School Trustee 
for over twenty years. Both he and his wife are 
consistent members of the Presbyterian Church. 
Mr. McDonald is a believer in and a supporter of 
the principles of the Republican partj'. He is one 
of the wealthiest and most influential citizens of 
the township, both he and his wife being held in 
high esteem as worth}' descendants of two of the 
most prominent of the Scottish families. 

^ATRICK FIXNIGIX. The biographer, in 
his migrations, has not been permitted to 
meet a more whole-souled, genial and hos- 
pitable gentleman than Mr. Finnigin. He 
may be designated as one of those willing to "live 
and let live," and evidently extracts as much en- 
joyment from entertaining his friends, as they in 
turn experience in sojourning under his hospitable 
I'oof. He is numbered among the representative 
farmers of Guittard Township, where he has a fine 
body of land, 280 acres in extent and pleasantly 
located on sections 1 5 and 22, the residence beino' 
on the former. 

:\[r. Finnigin is accredited with being the heaviest 
tax payer on stock in his township. He mtikes a spec- 

ialty of high grade Short-horn cattle and Poland- 
China and Chester-white swine, often keeping as 
many as 250 of the former and 300 of the latter, and 
which it is liardly necessary to say yield him hand- 
some products. In looking after his various interests 
he is absent from home most of the time, but super- 
intends the operations of the farm, and each year 
manages to add something to its beauty and value. 
Our subject was born in County Antrim, Ire- 
land, Feb. 16, 1848, and lived there until a young 
man of twenty years. He in the meantime acquired 
a limited education in the common schools, and was 
taught those habits of industry and economy whicii 
have been the basis of his success in life. Upon 
coming to America he at once sought the Great 
West and located in tlie vicinity of St. Joseph, Mo., 
Thence he came to this county in 1871. He pur- 
chased eighty acres and confined his attention to 
this until about 1879, when he purchased the bal- 
ance of his present large farm. The improvements 
which we notice upon it to-day are largely the re- 
sult of his own industry and enterprise. He has set 
out forest and fruit trees, including an apple or- 
chard of five acres, and has availed himself of mod- 
ern machinery, including a windmill, and for the 
last few years has made a specialty of stock. 

In the establishment of the Catholic Church of 
Beattie, Mr. Finnigin bore an important part, assist- 
ing in the erection of the church edifice, and the 
purchase of ground for a cemetery, and he has al- 
ways taken a warm interest in its prosperity and 
advancement. He was married in 1874 to Miss 
Mary Ann Fitzgerald, and they became the par- 
ents of three children, only one of whom is living, 
namely a daughter, Charlotte, who remains at home 
with her father. Mrs. Mary Ann Finnigin departed 
this life at the homestead in 1879. 

Our subject contracted a second marriage in 
1880 with Miss Catherine Loob, a native of Indi- 
ana, and at that time a resident of St. Brido-et 
Township. Her father, Thomas Loob, was a native 
of Ireland, and upon coming to this county, en- 
gaged in farming, and is still living in this Slate. 
Of this marriage there have been born four children, 
three of whom are living, namely: Thomas Will- 
iam, Henry ?I. and E. Xora. The mother of these 
children departed this life Aug. 23, 1889. The 

Residence orJ.G.BiNDER,5Ec,28. Walnut Township. 

Res, OF E.C.M^ K ellips . Sec. 28. Walnut Township. 

Residence OF Geo.Tillmann , 5ec.25. Logan Township. 



(Finnigin homestead is regarded with an admiring 
eye by the passing traveler and is a fine illustration 
of the resnlts of energy and perseverance. The pro- 
prietor is amply worthy of a record in the volume 
designed to perpetuate the names of those who came 
as pioneers to this county, and to whom it is in- 
debted for its present position, socially, morally 
and fluancially. 




J~ O H N i\I O S H I S K E Y, proprietor of the 
I Marysville Nursery, is a Russian gentle- 
' man of superior education, and has been 
' very successful in his present enterprise. 
He owns in m11 360 acres of valuable land, twenty- 
five acres of which is devoted to the smaller fruits, 
and sixty acres to an orchard of 6,000 trees, em- 
bracing the larger fruits. He has altogether about 
100,000 trees and is giving to this industr3' his en- 
tire attention. His land occupies a portion of sec- 
tions 10 and 11, and has been subjected to a 
tliorough process of cultivation. Upon it he has 
erected good buildings, and he has the modern con- 
veniences and implements which enable him to ob- 
tain the best results from his labors. Personally 
he is a man held in high respect by the people of 
Elm Creek Township, as combining the best ele- 
ments of good citizenship. 

Mr. Moshiskey was born in the Czar's dominions, 
Feb. 28, 1848, and lived there until he was about 
twenty-one years of age. He was given excellent 
educational advantages, attending for three j'ears 
the Imperial Petrowski Academy at Moscow. He 
was an anibitious j^outh and believed that he could 
make better progress, socially and financially, on 
the other side of the ocean, and accordingly in the 
fall of 1868 set out on a Hamburg steamer for 
America. After a safe voyage, he landed in New 
York city, whence he proceeded to Cliicago, and 
two days later to Oilman, Iroquois Co., III. In the 
latter place he entered the employ of W. H. Mann, 
a nurseryman, with whom he remained two years, 
and in the meantime made the acquaintance of an- 
other man in the emplo}' of this gentleman, and 

the three formed a partnership with the view of 
establishing a nursery in Doniphan County, Kan., 
about four miles from Troy. Our subject remained 
a member of the firm two years, then coming to 
this county established the Marysville Nursery, of 
which he became the sole owner two years later, 
since which time he operated it alone. It would 
seem that he had chosen that to which he is fully 
adapted, as he has been very successful, and ob- 
tained an enviable reputation in this line. 

In the fall of 1882 our subject was married in Elm 
Creek Township, to Miss Magdalena MuUer, who 
was born in Pfalsburg, which was then a province 
of France, but now belongs to German3^ This union 
resulted in the birth of three children — Emma. 
Peter and "Vera. The home of Mr. Moshiskey 
is all that could be desired in point of taste and 
comfort. The buildings are substantial and commo- 
dious,finely adapted to the general purposes of rural 
life. Our subject takes a warm interest in political 
affairs on both hemispheres, watching not only the 
progress of his own country towards freedom and 
enlightenment, but identifying himself fuUj^ with 
the institutions of his adopted country. He votes 
independently and has served as Township Treas- 
urer two terms, besides holding the office of School 
Treasurer two terms, and serving as a Director in 
his school district. He occupies no secondary po- 
sition, socially or financially, among the leading 
men of his township. Mrs. Moshiskey is a mem- 
ber of the German Lutheran Church. 

I ILTON C. BRAINARD, senior member 
of the firm of Brainard & Hedge, lumber 
and grain merchants, Oketo, is classed 
among the shrewd, progressive and enter- 
prising business men, who are ably sustaining the 
great commercial and agricultural interests of Mar- 
shall County. He is a native of the State of New 
York, born in the town of Leyden, Lewis County, 
Nov. 14, 1842. His parents were Lorenzo and 
Emeline (Grant) Brainard, who, after their mar- 
riage, settled in Lewis, their native county, and 
there lived many years. They subsequently)' re- 



moved to Saratoga Springs, N. Y., and amid the 
beautiful scenes of that famuus resort the fathers'? 
life was brought to a jieaceful close, and thus passed 
avraj' an honorable and upright man. The good 
mother still lives, making her home in Saratoga, 
N. Y. 

Our subject received a substantial education in the 
public schools of his native State, and was thus well 
prepared for anj' career he might choose to adopt. 
In the year 1869 he went to Troy, N. Y., where he 
was employed in a foundry for the ensuing twelve 
3'ears. In 1881 for various reasons he determined 
to change his environments and condition, and from 
th3 rich soilof Kansas, gain not only a generous 
subsistence for himself and family, but also build 
up a handsome competence. Coming to Marshall 
Connt3' in that year, he turned his attention to 
farming, buj-ing a farm in Marysville, which he af- 
terward sold, and in the following year purchased 
another, from whose rental he obtains a good in- 
come. Besides tbat place he owns 160 acres of 
choice land in Balderson Township. He has been 
well prospered since taking up his residence in this 
oreat and growing State, and even as in his agricul- 
tural ventures has met with success in the 
lumber and grain business, he having formed a 
partnership in October, 1888, with Mr. Morgan 
Hedge, and in March, 1889, removed with his fam- 
ily to Oketo. The firm has alreadv established a 
large and flourishing trade on a solid basis, and has 
extensive dealings in this part of the State. 

Mr. Brainard was united in marriage to Miss 
Mary Barringer, in Rome, Oneida Co., N. Y., and 
to her cheerful co-operation he is much indebted 
for the comforts and luxuries of a cozj', happy 
home. She is the second of a family of six chil- 
dren born to James and Jane (Roberts) Barringer, 
natives of New York, her birth occurring in Tro}', 
N. Y. Her pcirent came to Marshall County from 
their native State in 1872. and located in Marys- 
ville, where the mother died. The father resided 
in that township till 1883. Imt is now spending his 
declining j-ears with his daughter and our subject. 
Mr. and Mrs. Brainard's marriage has been blessed 
to them by the birth of the following four children: 
Emma. Clara, Delia and Jennie. 

The life career of our subject thus far, show- 

ing him to be a man of practical ability, sound 
sense and good moral principles, justifies the high 
opinion in which he is held by all with whom he dealings sociallv or in a business way. He is a 
man of earnest, intelligent convictions, and inter- 
ests himself in all that concerns the welfare of his 
fellow-men. As a member of the School Board at 
one time he did all that he could to forward the 
cause of education. Religiousl}^, he and his amia- 
ble wife are esteemed members of the Baptist 
Church; politically, he is a strong Republican. 

iW^s standing the .advantages upon which the 
^^^■' present generation prides itself, the press, 
the telegraph and the railroad, so shortening and 
almost annihilating distance, that the Atlantic and 
Pacific slopes seem but next-door neighbors, there 
remains in the mind of the average Eastern man 
much ignorance as to life in the West. Instead of 
the poor buildings, the wagon tracks and cow paths, 
the unkempt citizens and the inactive business life, 
which he expected, the Eastern visitor in our West- 
ern States finds well-made streets, good buildings, 
well-dressed citizens and great business activity, 
and the general appearance of progress, prosperity 
and the best civilization. 

Prominent among those who contribute to these 
results in Home Cit}', is the gentleman whose name 
heads this sketch, who carries on a flourishing 
trade in hardware in a store well stocked with fine 
goods in that line, and who is also Postmaster of 
the city. He was bora in Allegheny County, Pa., 
June 25, 18.50 (for history of his parents see sketch 
of Cyrus Edmundson on another page in this 
Album). He received a good education in the com- 
mon schools of his native count}', remaining under 
the parental roof until the fall of 1870, when he 
came to this State with his brother-in-law, 
B. Mitchell. The following spring his father came 
to this countj'. and our subject then returned to the 
parental roof, where he remained until his mar- 
riage, which took pl.aee M.iy 7. 1876. The young 
couple settled in Franklin Township, where Mr. Ed- 



mundson engaged in farming, following this occu- 
tion until 1885, when he came to Home City, and 
' established himself in his present business. He 
owns 160 acres of land situated in Franklin and 
Center townships, in addition to his large stock in 

The wife of our subject bore the maiden name 
of Alpharetta Crane, and is the daughter of Rob- 
ert and Sarah (Deeds) Crane, both of whom were 
natives of Ohio. Her parents first settled iu Miami 
County, Ind., where their daughter Alpharetta 
was born, Sept. 17, 18.59. Thence they removed 
to Iroquois Count}-, 111., and from there to this 
county, where in 1869 they settled in Center Town- 
ship. There they remained until 1886, when they 
removed to Marysville, where thej'^ still reside. 
They have a family of six daughters and four 
sons, of whom Mrs. PMnuindson was the fourth. 
Mr. and Mrs. Edmundson are the parents of three 
bright cliildren — Harvey T., Nettie M. and Wal- 
ter H. 

Mr. Edmundson received the appointment of 
Postmaster April 11, 1889, and assumed the duties 
of his office on May 1, succeeding J. B. Wuester, 
and is fulfilling his duties to the entire satisfac- 
tion of the patrons of the office. He lias held the 
office of Justice of the Peace for four years, serving 
with ability and exliibitingexcellent judgment in the 
settlement of cases within his jurisdiction. He is 
an active Republican, having been a member of 
the Central Committee of Franklin Township since 
1885. Mr. and Mrs. Edmundson are among the 
most highly respected citizens of the township, be- 
ing persons of great intelligence? cultivated man- 
ners and sterling worth of character. 

eHARLES L. CHAFFEE. That America now 
proudly boasts of being one of the greatest 
nations of the earth, is due in a large meas- 
ure to the enterprise, intelligence and unremitting 
perseverance of those who are now passing away. 
That America will ever attain the lofty eminence 
of greatness, from whose pinnacle she can look 
down on other kingdoms and empires, with the su- 

preme conviction that here is the greatest nation 
on which the sun shines, and here the happiest, 
most contented men and women, will depend on 
our youth who are now entering upon the responsi- 
bilities of life, which they can make dark or brio-ht, 
prosperous or degraded. Did the future of our 
loved country rest entirely in the hands of .>oung 
men, similar in thought and character to our sub- 
ject, but little concern might be occasioned about 
its prosperity. For by their own might and the 
power of their upright lives, such a good influence 
would be created that the downfall of the Repub- 
lic would be utterly impossible. It is a matter in 
which we may take just pride, that so many of the 
young men of the present day are of that character 
and disposition which will fit them to take the reins 
of government and wisely rule over the thousands 
and hundreds of thousands of men and women 
who people our vast country. 

Charles L. Chaffee, of whom we write is a pro- 
gressive, energetic farmer of the modern type, act- 
ive and peristent in accomplishing whatever he 
attempts, and already owns 320 acres of land on 
section 17, Franklin Township. He was also unusu- 
ally fortunate in the selection of a life partner, his 
wife having been Miss Ruth E. Elliott, daughter of 
James M. and Helen (Shaw) Elliott (for their history 
see sketch of J. M. Elliott). Mrs. Chaffee was 
born in Bradford County, Pa., Oct. 10, 1865, and 
passed her childhood and youth in the home of her 
birth, and learned those lessons which are so useful 
to the wife and mother. She was united in mar- 
riage with our subject in Oketo. March 11, 1886, 
and is the mother of one child, a daughter, named 
AUie Y., and born Aug. 5, 1889. 

Born in Bradford County, Pa., Aug. 2, 1864 
Charles L. Chaffee is the son of Charles Chaflfee, of 
Bradford Countj^, Pa., now deceased. Among the six 
children in his father's family he was theyoun<Test, 
and was educated in the common schools, and also 
had a course of training in the Marj'sville Hio-h 
School. He came to Marshall County, Kan., in 
1 884, and located in Marysville Township, which 
was his home for about one year, thence in the 
spring of 1886, settling in Franklin Township, on 
section 17, his present farm. He has given his at- 
tention wholly to farming and stock-raising, and in 



political matters is in sympathj- with the pruiciples 
adopted by the Union Labor party. Although 
young in years, Mr. and Mrs. Chaflfee are well- 
known and highly esteemed by a large circle of 
acquaintances, and have before them every pros- 
pect for a happy, useful and prosperous life. 

(p_^OX. WELLINGTON DOTY. It is said 
|[f)\' that some men acliieve greatness and others 
f*S^' have greatness thrust upon them. Some 
(^) are born to till the soil, while others seem 
better fitted to control the minds of their fel- 
lows. TLe name with which we introduce this 
sketch is widely and favorably known to the peo- 
ple of this county, especially those of Balderson 
Township, within whose precincts he has sojourned 
for the last three j^ears, and in addition to culti- 
vating one of its best farms has made a specialty 
of politics, keeping himself thoroughly informed 
witii regard to the events of the day and age. The 
labor question has been a prominent one, and he 
has distinguished himself as in sympathy with the 
"hewers of wood and drawers of water." Nature 
has given him more than ordinary intelligence and 
a mind to comprehend those things pertaining to 
the moral and intellectual needs of mankind. 

The subji.'Ct of this biography was born, in 
Carroll County, 111., Dec. o, 1848, and is thus in 
the prime of life. His father. Timothy Doty, was 
born in the Dominion of Canada, whence he emi- 
grated, a yoiing man, to Illinois, and was married 
there to Miss Jeanette Craig, a native of Charles 
County, Mo. They. settled in Carroll County, 111., 
wliere they still live. Nine of the eleven children 
born to them are still living and making their homes 
mostly in this country. 

Young Dotjf attained to manhood in his native 
township, becoming familiar with farming pursuits. 
After leaving "the district school he studied two 
years in Mt. Carroll Seminary, and also at Fulton. 
In 1866 when a young man of twenty years he 
started to see something of the world, and in due 
Lime found himself in New Orleans, La. He was 
absent from home two years, then returned, and in 

the spring of 1872 made his way into Northern 
Kansas, reaching this county on the 19th of Maj-. 
He occupied himself at brick making until purchas- 
ing from the Government a tract of land in the 
Otoe Indian Reservation, and two years later he 
moved upon it. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Sarah, 
daughter of Mark and Julia (Johnson) Kell^"- was 
celebrated at tlie bride's home in Oketo Township, 
Aug. 25, 1874. The parents of Mrs. Doty removed 
from New York City to Ogle County, 111., and 
from there, in 1871, to this county, where the 
father died in 1887. His widow is still living and 
a resident of Oketo Township, this county. Mrs. 
Doty was next to the youngest in a family of 
eleven children, and was born in Ogle County, 111., 
Sept. 13, 1858. She is now the mother of four 
children — Bertha Muj', Iv}' Hattie, Pearl and Ter- 
rance J. Mr. Dotj' has for many j'ears taken an 
active part in politics and is one of the leading 
lights therein, along the northern line of this 
county. He was elected to the State Legislature 
in the fall of 1888, by a fusion of the Democratic 
and Union Labor parties, and in due time secured 
the passage of a bill in the House, reducing the 
salaries of the county officers. He is Treasurer of 
the School Board of his district, and has otticiated 
as Road Overseer and Constable. Socially-, he be- 
longs to the Oketo Lodge 8474 K. of L., in which 
he has held all the offices. He has eight\r acres of 
land in a productive condition, and all the stock 
which the farm will sustain, together with the ma- 
chinery required. He is accredited as a man hon- 
est and sincere in his convictions, and one not 
easilj' diverted fiom the course of duty. 

r^^ELS P. CHRISTIANSON. The develop. 
I jjj ment of this count}' has been largelj- the 
j^iMr, work of those of foreign birth, and none 
have been more hard-working, active and thrift}' 
than the Danes. Not only has the county been 
benefited by their industry but their own worldly 
prosperity has been advanced more rapidly than 
could have been the case in their native land. Con- 



spicuous among tbis class is the gentleman whose 
name heads our sketch, and who now occupies a 
fruitful and attractive farm on section 18, Logan 
Township. He was born in Denmarlc, Sept. 2,5, 
1844, being reared upon a farm and educated in 
tbe country schools of bis native land. In 1866 
he came to the United States, occupying three 
months in the voyage and landing at New Yorlt. 
Thence be went to St. Joseph, Mo., where be en- 
gaged in farming for four years. From there he 
removed to this countjs homesteading 160 acres 
on the southwest quarter of section 18, u|)on which 
he built a small frame bouse. He afterward bought 
tlie southeast quarter of tbe same section, thus 
making a fine farm of 320 acres. Tbe land is all 
under cultivation or in pasture; both quarters are 
enclosed by fine bodge fences, and on each is an 
excellent orchard. Mr. Christianson is now build- 
ing a large, well-arranged and pleasant dwelling. 
When be landed in St. Joseph, Mo., be was bur- 
dened by debts, but by strict attention to bis call- 
ing, persevering industry and good management, 
he has attained to success and prosperitj', Ijeing 
relieved from debt and the possessor of one of the 
best farms in tbe vicinity, from which be can se- 
cure a competence, and upon which be can live at 
ease in his declining years. 

Our subject was married to Caroline, daughter 
of Andres Peterson, a native of Denmark, in which 
country her parents died. Her brothers, Peter 
and Andrew, are engaged in business in ()keto 
Townsbip, where tbe3' own and operate a flourmill; 
her sister Mary has just come from Denmark to 
make her bome in America. To Mr. and Mrs. 
Christianson have been born tbrce children — 
Cliristian, Gary M. and James P., all living. 

Tbe father of our subject was Christian Nelson, 
the change in name from Nelson to Christianson 
being made at baptism in accordance with the 
Danish custom, wliich uses tbe father's given name 
with the affix "son" as surname to his male off- 
spring. The father died in Denmark and the mother 
of our subject is now living in Brown County, Kan. 

Jlr. and Mrs. Christianson are members of the 
Lutheran Church, in which they were reared, and 
of which their ancestors, so far as known, were 
members. Mr. Cbristianson is now secretary of his 

church, in which he has held other offices for years. 
He is a worthy citizen of his adopted county, and 
enjoys the heart}' esteem of his neighbors and fel- 
low-citizens. In politics he is a stanch Republican. 

f ; OHN SANDERSON, a general farmer and 
stock-raiser, located on section 29, Center 
Townsbip, has for many years been identi- 
fied with the foremost interests of Marshall 
County, and besides accumulating a handsome 
property of his own, has noc forgotten to cultivate 
those social qualities which make a man popular 
among bis fellow-citizens. Earnestly endeavoring 
to forward any movement which tends to elevate 
society, public-spirited, generous, and charitable, 
he has the esteem and confidence of the entire com- 
munity. Upon his estate he has erected a comfort- 
able home, wherein the visitor receives a hospitable 
welcome, and can pass hours in social intercourse 
with this pleas.ant family. Mrs. Sanderson nobly 
assists her husband in everj^ effort he makes to ad- 
vance his interests, and is by no means to be over- 
looked in stud3'ing tbe elements which contributed 
to his success. 

LTpon his arrival in Marshall Count}', in the 
spring of 1873, Mr. Sanderson purchased ICO acres 
on section 29, which he has improved and cultiva- 
ted each succeeding year, and has at last brought 
it within tbe ranks of the ideal farms. While 
mainly devoted to his farm, he has become a promi- 
nent factor in church and political work, in the 
former affiliating with the Baptist denomination, 
and in the latter supporting X,\\z ]n-inciples of the 
Republican party. 

A son of John and Martha (Finley) Sanderson, 
the former born in Berwick, England, and the lat- 
ter in Dublin, Ireland, our subject combines many 
traits of bis Irish and English ancestry. For a few 
years succeeding the marriage of the parents of our 
subject, they continued to reside in the Old World, 
but afterward emigrated to the British possessions 
across the ocean, and made tlieir home near Peter- 
borough, Canada, where the father engaged in farm- 
ing. They were both young at that time. He 



passed to rest about 1883, but his widow, the 
mother of our subject, yet survives, maldng her 
home in Torouto, Ontario. They had a family of 
seven children, of whom four were sons and three 
daughters, our subject being the eldest born. Peter- 
borough, Canada, was his birth-place, and the date 
thereof June 26, 1849. Sharing in the joys and 
sorrows common to childhood in any land, he at- 
tended school during the winter season, while the 
summer was spent in farm l.ibor. Being the oldest 
son of a large family, he early learned to assume 
the responsibility of many tasks seemingly beyond 
his ability and strength. 

Upon attaining the age of twenty-three years, he 
left the parental home, embarking upon the great 
sea of life alone. For a few montlis after settling 
in Kansas, he "paddled his own canoe" with suc- 
cess, but becoming weary of the solitary Toyage, 
chose as a companion. Miss Hannah Parker, with 
whom he was united in marriage, Dec. 9, 1874, in 
Center Township. Mrs. Sanderson was born near 
Peterborough, Ontario, Dec. 28, 1847, and was the 
daughter of Martin and Hannah (Agatt) Parker, 
natives of England. These worthy people had ten 
children born to them, six daugliters and four sons. 
They passed the greater part of their lives in Can- 
ada, and there died. 

The three children of our subject and his wife — 
Martin Wilber, Alfred II., and jMinnie Pearl, are 
the objects of the most devoted love on the part of 
their parents. They are giving them every oppor- 
tunity to become well educated, and are preparing 
them for future prominence, among the other resi- 
dents of the community. Mr. and Mrs. Sander- 
son are highly esteemed, and are welcome guests 
in the most exclusive homes of the county. 

f MOS W. KIRKWOOD. Before entering 
(©YLII upon tlie life of our subject, a few words 
in regard to his parents will not be amiss. 
His father, Thomas Kirkwood, was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania. His mother, in her girlhood 
Miss Jane McCormick, was a native of Ohio. Their 
first home after marriage, was in Fayette County. 

Ind. Thence the3' removed to Grant County, the 
same State, and then to Delaware County, also in In- 
diana, where the father died in 1850. The mother 
still survives him at an advanced age. The pa- 
rental family consisted of fourteen children, eleven 
of whom are at present living, our subject being 
the seventh of this number. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Grant 
County, Ind., May 15, 1838, and was about thir- 
teen years of age when his parents removed to 
Delaware County. In this county he grew to man- 
hood, receiving a good common-school education. 
He was reared on the farm, and has always been 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, except during the 
Civil War. Animated by the spirit of patriotism 
that thrilled the hearts of so man3' of Indiana's 
sons, he entered the ranks of his country's defend- 
ers, Aug. 9, 1862, being enrolled in Company B, 
84th Indiana Infantry, and serving with distinction 
until the close of the war. He was a member of 
the 4th Army Corps, and made one of the conquer- 
ing band in the Atlanta campaign, and the memor- 
able march to the sea. He was engaged in the 
battles of Franklin, Nashville, Resaca, and manj' 
others. At the close of the war he returned to 
Delaware Count}', Ind., and engaged in that em- 
ployment, which became his life work. Aft r a 
two years' residence, he went to Iroquois County, 
111., where he was married, Sept. 5, 1869, to Miss 
Mary Slaughter, daughter of William L. and Isa- 
beile (McLean) Slaughter, who were natives of 
Ireland. Mrs. Kirkwood was born in Jefferson 
County, Ind., Sept. 13, 1846. The newly married 
couple made their home for a time in Iroquois 
County, 111., when he sold out and removed to this 
county in 1884, locating on section 25, Marys ville 
Township, where he owns 160 acres of fertile land. 
Mr. and Mrs. Kirkwood are the parents of six liv- 
ing children, and have two deceased. The living 
are: Charles N., Loura J., William M., Robert L., 
Millie L, and Selina II. 

Mr. Kirkwood was Highwaj' Commissioner of 
Prairie Green Township, Iroquois Co., 111., for 
nine j'cars. Trustee of the Township Board for 
seven years, and a school official. He is a member 
of Marysville Lodge No. 91, A. F. & A. M. 
Mnrysville Chapter No. 29, and was formerly a 



member of Mt. Olivet Commandery No. 38, K. T. 
Politically, his influence is cast with the Repub- 
lican party, of whose principles he is an earnest 
advocate. He takes a deep interest in all matters 
pertaining to educational work, in tiiis regard be- 
ing a worthy son of his native and adopted States, 
both of which hold such higli rank in school work. 
He is a man of a genial nature, and a reliable and 
enterprising citizen. 

eYRUS EDMUNDSON. In all the vast army 
of agriculturalists who occupy millions of 
acres in our broad land, there are few wlio 
have not at some period of their lives, been en- 
gaged in other pursuits. It is seldom we meet one, 
who like our subject, has spent his years from boy- 
hood nearly to the age of threescore years and ten 
in the occupation of farming. 

His father, Isaac Edmundson, was a native of 
New York, and his mother, in her m.iidenhood, was 
Miss Rebecca Sinclair, a native of Pennsylvania. 
The parents settled in Allegheny County, Pa., and 
were residents there until their death. Tliey had 
Bve children, two sons and three daughters, our 
subject being the third ciiild. He was Ijorn in 
Elizabeth Township, Allegheny Co., Pa., July 17, 
1823, and he grew to manhood upon his father's 
farm. He remained upon the homestead until the 
spring of 1860, when he removed to Fayette 
County, Pa., where he bought a farm, upon which 
he continued to reside until the spring of 1871. 
He then sold his Pennsylvania home and came to 
this county, settling on section 34, Franklin Town- 
ship. Here he owns a thoroughly cultivated farm 
of 150 acres, upon which he has made excellent 

In his native eountj' of Pennsylvania lie became 
acquainted with Miss Lavina Burkhart, a very 
estimable young lady, to whom he was married, 
Maj' 18, 1847, and who has borne him nine chil- 
dren. Of this family, Wilber and Ella died in in- 
fancy. The survivors are Eveline, Thornton II., 
Julia, Rebecca, Elizabeth, Virginia and Homer B. 

Mrs. Edmundson was tlie second in a f.-imilv of i 

four sons and five daughters. She was born in 
Butler County, Pa., March 5, 1831, and was the 
daughter of Mathias and Julia Ann (Sansom) 
Burkhart. He father was a native of the county 
in which his daughter Lavina was born, and her 
mother of Armstrong County, the same State. Her 
parents made their last settlement in Allegheny 
County, Pa., where the father died in 1862; the 
mother is still living. 

Mr. Edmundson has always taken a warm inter- 
est in educational matters, and has served upon the 
School Board, managing the affairs with excellent 
judgment. He is a stanch Republican, taking an 
active part in the ranks of the party which he 
honors by his adherence. Botli he and his wife 
are honored members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Cluirch, in which he has been a Class- Leader for 
many years. He is a man in high standing in the 
community, of marked intelligence and uprightness 
of character. 

mOMAS CUNNINGHAM. One of the most 
(((jSA\ attractive homes in Logan Township, is that 
owned and occupied by the above-named 
gentleman. The house is a large, substantial frame 
structure, in the midst of a grove of large shade 
trees, having an excellent driveway outlined by 
trees connecting it with the road. Near by is an 
orchard of 160 apple and forty peach trees, together 
with pear, cherry and crab trees, while a good 
vineyard and a collection of small fruits add beauty 
to the scene and contribute of their aliundance to 
the family wants. Barns, corn-cribs, hog-pens, and 
all necessary farm buildings are conveniently lo- 
cated upon the premises, and thoroughly cultivated 
fields are separated by good fencing. 

The subject of our sketch is a native of County 
Louth, Ireland, where he lived until nine years old 
when his parents, Hugh and Margaret (McGowen) 
Cunningham, went to Durham. England, where they 
remained five years, whence they removed to Man- 
chester, where the father eventually died. Our sub- 
ject learned the trade of cotton spinning, which he 
followed for a few years. He then enlisted in tlie 


Britisli army, serving two years and nine months 
in the ranks. At the conclusion of his service in 
1852 he came to the United States, engaging in 
wool spinning in Windsor, Conn. Here in May, 
1854, he was married to Mary, daughter of William 
and Catherine (Dugan) Nagle. In 1856 he re- 
moved to Sycamore, DeKalb Co., 111., where for 
fonr years he worked as fireman on the Galena di- 
vision of the Chicago and Northwestern Eailroad, 
being then promoted to engineer. ,He then went to 
Chicago and ran a stationary engine three years. 
Thence in October, 1869, he removed to Kansas, 
where he homesteaded a farm of 160 acres on sec- 
tion 21, Logan Township, where he now lives, hav- 
ino- 130 acres under the plow. He had but one 
horse when he came here and no means with which 
to improve the wild land which he had taken. He 
was obliged to leave his famil_y in a sod house and 
hunt work to provide for their wants and make a 
start in life. He worked at whatever he could get 
to do until he could accumulate sufficient means to 
begin improvements upon his place. He engaged 
in railroading, and helped to grade the St. Joseph 
and Western Ilailroad, from Hiawatha to Hast- 
ings, Kan. By hard work and good management 
he has been raised above the hardships of his early 
years in the West, to a position of comparative ease 
and substantial prosperity, with the prospect of 
being able to spend his declining years in rest and 

The parents of our subject and his ancestors, as 
far as known, were natives of County Louth, Ire- 
land, and members of the Catholic Church, to 
which he and his family also belong. His mother 
makes her home with him, having now attained to 
her ninetieth year. A brother, Mike, is now living 
in Washington. He served eleven j'ears in the 
British arm}', and after coming to America spent 
four J'ears and three months in the service of his 
adopted country, being a member of the 52d Illi- 
nois Infantrj^ during the late Civil War. A brother, 
Barney, was also enrolled among the defenders of 
the Union, and received a wound at Ft. Donelson, 
dying in St. Louis from it. The parents of Mrs. 
Cunningham, and her ancestors, were natives of 
County Tipperary, Ireland, the town of Golden. 
Thej' also were communicants of tlie Catholic 

Church. To Mr and Mrs. Cunningham have been 
born thirteen children : William John and Mary have 
been taken from them by death; the survivors are: 
Kate, now Mrs. Stephen Fay; William, Hugh, Mar- 
garet; Ellen, now Mrs. John Cox; Barnej^ Thomas, 
James, Alice and Mary. 

The citizens of the township have shown their 
confidence in the ability of our subject by giving 
him the position of School Director for two years, 
and of Road Overseer for six years, and in both 
capacities he has served them well. He is a man of 
energetic habits and great determination, as his life 
well shows, and has just cause to be proud of his 
business success. He is possessed of a quick intel- 
ligence, a fair share of the wit for which his coun- 
trymen are so justly noted, cordial manners and 
fine moral principles. 

''k/A ARSIIALL GRIFFEE. The parents of our 
subject were Thomas and Rachael (Adkin- 
son) Griffee, natives of Virginia and early 
settlers in Kentucky. In 1835 they re- 
moved to Warren County, 111., where they spent 
their last daj's. Our subject was born in Breckin- 
ridge County, Ky., Maj' 2, 1827. He was first 
married, in 1850, to Miss Jane Claycomb, a native 
of Kentucky, who bore him nine children, six sons 
and three daughters. She was a consistent mem- 
ber of the Christian Church. She died July 7, 
1869, and our subject, sometime later, married Miss 
Martha Pedigo, a native of Kentucky. Mrs. Martha 
Griffee is the mother of seven children, four sons and 
three daughters. Of the entire family fourteen still 
survive. In January. 1874, Mr. Griffee removed 
to Iowa County, Iowa, where he resided for four 
jears. He then removed to this county and bought 
a fine farm, where he now lives. It consists of 280 
acres on section 24, Walnut Township. When Mr. 
Griffee took possession of the place the improve- 
ments were very poor; now it is in a high state of 
cultivation, with adequate and substantial farm 
buildings, with three good residences occupied and 
owned by himself and two sons, and all now well im- 
proved to the extent of 600 acres. With theexcep- 



tiou of a short time during his residence in Illinois, 
when he bought and shipped stock, our subject has 
made farming his exclusive business, having lieen 
reared to that employment. 

Our subject entered the Christian Church at the 
age of sixteen j'ears, and he has held the offices of 
Deacon and Elder for many years. His wife is a 
member of the same body. During their resi'denoe 
in Iowa, the family were connected with the Frec- 
Vrill Baptist Church. While a resident of Illinois 
our subject held the office of Road Commissioner, 
and since coming to this county has held the offices 
of Justice of the Peace and Township Trustee. He 
and all his sons are ardent adherents of the princi- 
ples of the Republican party. Mr. Griffee is a man 
of financial ability, fine character and courteous 
manners, and thoroughly worthy of the esteem in 
which he is held by his fellow-citizens. 

tleman of distinguished abilitj', whose past 
is full of honor and whose future is rich with 
' prcjmise. So closely is his history interwoven 
with that of Marshall Count}', that it would be im- 
possible to write a concise account of the growth 
and development of the latter, without prominent 
mention of the former 

.Judge Hutchinson was born Jan. 23, 1847, in 
Ponifret,Chautauqua Co., N.Y.,and was the young- 
est child of Calvin and Sophia (Perry) Hutch- 
inson. A full sketch of his ancestors is given in 
the biography of his elder brother, the Hon. Perr}' 
Hutchinson. Our subject received his academic 
education at the Fredonia Academy, near his home, 
while his collegiate education was obtained at 
Adrian College, Michigan, where he was gradu- 
ated in 1870. When a student there he also at- 
tended law lectures at the Michigan University in 
Ann Arbor. After his graduation he came to 
Mar3'sville, Kan., in July, 1870, where his brother 
Perry was then living. In October of that year, 
at the first term of court held after his arrival in 
this State, he was admitted to the bar. His home 
has ever since been in Marj'sville, where he has 

been actively engaged in the practice of his pro- 
fession, with the exception of the term which he 
served on the Bench of the State. At the general 
election held in 1884, Mr. Hutchinson was elected 
Judge of the District Court for the Twelfth Judi- 
cial District; and served a full term of four j'ears, 
retiring with the good-will and esteem of his fel- 
low-judges and the members of the Bar with 
wliom he had been brought in contact, and with 
the deserved reputation of an upright and able 

Before his elevation to the Bench. Mr. Hutchin- 
son had held minor positions of trust and responsi- 
bility. He had been Justice of the Peace, City 
Attorney and County Attorney, and had dis- 
charged the duties intrusted to him with a fidelity 
and ability which won the good-will of his fellow- 
citizens. Since his retirement from the Judiciary, 
Judge Hutchinson resumed the practice of his 
jirofession in Marysville. 

May 25, 1871, at Xenia, Ohio, Judge Hutchin- 
son was united in marriage with Miss Priscilla F. 
Watts, who was born in Richmond, Ind., Feb. 26, 
1 847, and who is the daughter of Dr. J. S. and 
Margaret Watts, the former a prominent physi- 
cian of that city. During the war Dr. Watts was 
surgeon of the 4th Michigan Infantry. He was 
one of the original abolitionists, and was the only 
man in his county who voted for James G. Birney 
for President. His house was one of the stations 
of the celebrated " underground railroad," and he 
assisted many a poor hunted slave to escape to 
Canada. He died in the beginning of the year 
1889, at the .age of sixty-seven years. His de- 
mise occurred in Richmond, Ind., where he had 
practiced medicine in his j'outh and where he was 
located in 1849, when it was decimated by the 
cholera. Later he removed to Ohio, tiience to 
Michigan, but went back to Indiana several years 
before his death. His wife is still living at Rich- 
mond, Ind., and is now sixty-five j'ears of age. 

Judge Hutchinson and his wife are the parents 
of nine children, all still under the parental roof. 
They are named respectively, Ralph W., Mabel 
I., Ben C, Roy J., Linna L., .Hattie M., May S., 
Florence and an infant. Both parents and their 
eldest daughter are members of the Presbyterian 



Church at Marvsville, of which the Judge has been 
an Elder. Politically he is a strong Republican ; 
he is likewise a member of the Masonic fraternity, 
belonging to Marysville Lodge No. 91, A. F. & 
A. M., of which he is Past-master; to Marysville, 
Chapter, No. 29, R. A. M.. of which he has been 
High Priest for ten years; and to Hiawatha Com- 
mandorv, No. 13, K. T. He is also a member of 
Marysville Lodge of Perfection, No. 10. 

.Judge Hutchinson, in the course of his practice 
at the Bar and on the Bench, justly acquired the 
reputation of being a trustworthy lawyer and up- 
right judge, and, being now in the prime of life, 
has before him the reasonable prospect of reaching 
a still more exalted station and of receiving honors 
such as are in the power of his many friends to be- 
stow upon him. 

The ALBU5I of Marshall County would be in- 
complete without the portrait of a man of such 
eminent abilit}'^ as Judge Hutchinson, hence it is 
with pleasure that we direct the attention of the 
reader to a fine portrait of him to be found in this 

-vT/v-v«iiac-®-|@*' j 

»^,a/TO7i» — i/xyw 

ipjvOBERT SHIELDS. In reviewing the ca 
|i^ reer of the prominent and succtssful men 
of Marshall County, none are perhaps more 
leserving of special mention than the sub- 
ject of this notice. We find him occupying a 
pleasant home in the city of Beattie, while he em- 
ployes himself in superintending the operations of 
his extensive farming lands, which comprise 640 
acres lying on sections 28. 34 and 35, in Guittard 
Township, and forty acres in Rock Township. He 
also has valuable city property, aside from his resi- 
dence and grounds. Stock-raising forms a leading 
feature in his farming transactions, and in this in- 
dustry he aims to excel, keeping at the head of his 
herd as choice animals as he can procure. Social!}', 
morally and financially he is looked upon as one of 
the leading men of his community-. 

Mr. Shields was born in Fayette County, Ind., 
Aug. 24, 1823, and lived there until 1870. His 
early years were spent at the homestead of his par- 

ents, assisting in the various employments of the 
farm, and obtaining a practical education in the 
common schools. He chose agriculture for his 
calling in life, and while yet a youth commenced 
dealing in live stock, and gaining the experience 
which has served him so well in his later years. 
Upon reaching's estate he became prominent 
in local affairs, officiating as Township Supervisor, 
and holding a loading position with the Agri- 
cultural Society of his native county. 

Remaining a resident of Indiana until middle 
age, Mr. Shields, in 1869, crossed the Mississippi, 
and coming to Vermillion, this count}', purchased 
100 head of cattle, also a tract of land, and put up 
the first store building in the place, in partnership 
with J. N. Huston, now United States Treasurer. 
This structure was raised upon the same daj' as the 
depot. Mr. Shields afterward turned his attention 
to agricultural interests, and in due time was the 
owner of 400 acres of land in Noble Township, 
besides about 1,000 .acres in this vicinit}'. After 
a few }'ears' residence in Vermillion, he, in the 
year 1872, removed to Beattie, when it was a 
very small hamlet of about half a dozen houses. 
He at once proceeded with the improvement of his 
land, at a time when there were no bridges built 
or roads laid out, and it is hardly neccessary to say 
he was the encour.ager and supporter of the various 
enterprises calculated to build up the county. His 
enterprise and industry not only resulted in his 
own financial success, but was the means of at- 
tracting to this region other men of his own 
stripe, and thus practically began the prospeiity of 
this section of Marshall County. 

Among the men now living, who commenced 
fighting the battle of life in a new country along 
with Mr. Shields, are: H. Newton, Messrs. Fitz- 
gerald and McCoy, and A. J. Brunswick, and there 
are only two ladies living who were residents of 
this region at that time. Mr. Shields was largely 
instrumental in securing the construction of the 
railroad through this place, and securing the loca- 
tion of the depot at this point. He spent many 
daj's visiting railroad officials in different towns, 
and interviewing the prominent men having a voice 
in the matter. At the same time he officiated as a 
member of the School Board, which established the 



present large and flourishing school, and superin- 
tended the construction of the building. He also 
gave his support and encouragement to the build- 
ing up of both church societies and edifices, and in 
short has let pass no opportunity to assist the pro- 
jects calculated for the general advancement of 
the people. Liberal minded and public spirited, 
he uniformly votes with the Republican party, but 
has never sought office, having his time fully em- 
ployed in looking after the various interests 
already mentioned. 

In Faj-ette County, Ind., Jan. 9, 1866, occurred 
the marriage of Robert Shields with Miss Margaret 
Bulkley, of Connersville, that county. Mrs. 
Shields was born in tliat county, Oct. 22, 1829, 
her childhood home being within four miles of 
that of her husband. Her father, Nathan Bulkley, 
was a general mechanic, and employed considera- 
bl}' in a woolen factory. Mrs. Shields received a 
good education in the common schools, and em- 
ployed herself as a teacher about twelve j'ears prior 
to her marriage. Nathan Bulkley was born near 
Roxbury, N. Y., May 1, 1804, and lived there until 
attaining man's estate. He was married, in Fayette 
Countj', Ind., to Miss Rebecca Reid, who was born 
March 21, 1803, and was a cousin of the father of 
Whitelaw Reid, who is well-known to the people of 
the United States as having commence<i his newspa- 
per career with Horace Greeley, founder of the New 
York Tribune, and after Mr. Greeley's death suc- 
ceeded to its proprietorship, which he still retains. 
Mr. and Mrs. Bulkley removed to Indiana prior to 
their marriage, and were among the pioneer settlers 
of Fayette County, where they spent the remainder 
of their lives. The mother was for many years a 
member in good standing of the Christian Church. 

The father of our subject was Ralston Shields, a 
native of Franklin County, Pa., and who lived 
there until 1818. That j'ear he visited Fayette 
County, Ind., and decided upon locating there. 
Then, returning to his native State, he was married 
to Miss Anna, daughter of William Huston, and 
returned with his bride to Indiana, where he 
opened up a farm from the wilderness, near which 
subsequently grew up the flourishing town of Con- 
nersville. He was successful as a tiller of the soil, 
and succeeded in building up a good home, where 

he spent the remainder of his life, but died while 
in his prime, in 1858. The mother survived her 
husband until July 15, 1888, dying at the advanced 
age of ninety-one years, in Fayette County, Ind. 
Of the five children comprising the parental family, 
four are still living: Robert, our subject, being 
the eldest; his brother James is a resident of San 
Francisco, Cal.; Benjamin and Margaret live on 
the old home farm in Fayette Countj-, Ind. Mrs. 
Shields has two sisters and two brothers living, 
Jonathan. occup3'ing the old Bulkley homestead ; 
and Thomas, living two miles south of Beattio. Her 
sisters, Amanda and Mary, are residents of Indiana. 
Mrs. vShields is prominentlj' identified with tiie 
Christian Church. 

Both Mr. and Mrs. Shields have spent consid- 
erable time and money in traveling, largely in 
connection with some important project relating to 
the social or moral welfare of their community. 
The County Agricultural Society is largely in- 
debted to Mr. Shields, botii for its existence and 
its prosperit}'. He, with his compeers, Perry 
Hutchinson and Mr. Koester, labored assiduously 
during the first years of its organization in keep- 
ing it alive and before the people, inciting them to 
put forth their best efforts in the way of exhibits, 
and stimulating their ambition to develop the ag- 
ricultural resources of Marshall County. BIr. 
Shields was at one time Mayor of the city of 
Beattie, and President of the Board of Trade. No 
man has taken a warmer interest in its prosperity, 
and none have contributed more effectuall}- to this 



^|OHN H. OTTO. To many the life of an 
agriculturist is very humdrujn and unevent- 
ful. 'Tis true that few startling events oc- 
cur in his life, that his days are devoid of 
the tumult and whirl which make up the life of his 
cit}- brother, but neither is his ear shocked by tales 
of crime, his eyes startled by sights of distress, 
until, as is too often the case, his senses become 
dulled, his sympathies deadened, and he looks upon 
everything about him .as only the means b^' which 



he is to get gain. In calmer ways the farmer walks, 
renewing his bodil}' vigor from day to day. with 
healthful, if hard toil under a free sky in the pure 
air, his senses regaled by the sight and smell of 
green things growing. Abundant opportunity has 
he for the exercise of the sterling qualities of true 
manhood. Nowhere is a larger field for persever- 
ing industry, honesty, kindness, and pleasing social 
qnalitits. A worthy example of this nature is to 
be found in the subject of our sketch, who is a 
prosperous farmer of Marysville Township. 

Mr. Otto was of German parentage, his father, 
Henry, and mother Mar^- (Lambert) Otto, having 
been natives of that country. They emigrated to 
America in 1855, settling on the Fox River, near 
Appleton, Wis., where they lived for some eleven 
years. They then removed to Richardson County, 
Neb., where Mrs. Otto died in November, 1876. 
Three or four 3'ears after her death, her husband 
came to Republic County, Kan., where he made his 
home with a daughter, Mrs. Anna M. Ayers, until 
his death, which occurred June 18, 1885. Mr. and 
Mrs. Henr}' Otto had a family of four children, two 
sons and two daughters, of whom our subject was 
the youngest. He was born near Appleton, Wis., 
Dec, 21. 1857. He was quite young when his par- 
ents -went to Nebraska, where he grew to manhood 
upon his father's farm, receiving as good schooling 
as could be obtained at that time, and in that sec- 
tion. After his mother's death, and when about 
eighteen j-ears of age, he operated his father's farm 
for two years. He then spent one season in the 
Black Hills country, returning home on account of 
-sickness. He again took charge of his father's farm, 
which he purchased in the spring of 1881. He 
sold out in the fall of the same year, and in the 
succeeding spring came to this county, -where he 
purchased 160 acres of land on section 18, together 
with fifteen acres of timber land. Since that time he 
has been a resident of Marysville Township, giving 
his attention wholly to farming and stock-raising. 
In Pawnee City, Neb., July 16, 1882, was celebrated 
his marriage with Miss Kate Cbristner, daughter of 
Moses and Mary (Nichols) Christner, natives of 
Pennsylvania. Thej' had removed from Somerset 
Count}', Pa., to Richardson Count}-, Neb., in 1879, 
and in the latter county they still reside. Of the 

family of seven sons and six daughters, Mrs. Otto 
was the eleventh. She was horn in Somerset County, 
Pa., July 11, 1860. She is a most estimable woman, 
proving a worthy helpmate to her husband. Mr. 
and Mrs. Otto are the parents of three bright chil- 
dren — Irving L., Nettie J., and Clayton. 

Mr. Otto is a strong adherent of the principles of 
the Union Labor party. He is a man of more than 
ordinary intelligence, and with his wife has high 
standing in the community in which ne resides. 

^^^ TTO HOLLE is owner and occupant of a fer- 
|( I) tile and well-cultivated farm of 240 acres 
^^^ lying on section 20, Logan Township. Ttie 
broad acres are well fenced, being divided into fields 
mostly under the plow, and in meadow. On the 
farm is an orchard of about 150 trees, while barn, 
windmill, and other outbuildings, show its owner 
to be a ijrogressive and enterprising farmer. A 
fine large frame house ftffords a comfortable home 
for the happy famil}'. All of this is the result of 
hard work and good management by Mr. HoUe and 
his wife, both of whom are justly proud of their 
success in the West. 

Our subject was born in Prussia, there reared 
and educated under the compulsory laws, which 
secure such excellent foundation for the work of 
later years. He served two years in the German 
army, and came to the United States in the spring 
of 1866. He had embarked on the sail-ship "Co- 
lumbus," which occupied six weeks in her voj'age 
across the Atlantic. Landing in New York. Mr. 
Holle went directly to Will County, III., where he 
worked as a farm hand for a period of two and a 
half j'ears. Thence he came to this count}', and 
homesteaded his farm, on which he kept bachelor's 
hall about three j'ears, living in a dug-out. He 
then built a frame house, to which he brought his 
bride, and in which they resided until about seven 
years ago, when the present structure was erected. 

The parents of our subject were natives of Prus- 
sia, where the father, Henry Holle, died. The 
mother, Dora (Rise) Holle, came to the United 
States with our subject, and died in Marj'sville, at 



llie home of her daughter Maiy, wife of Fred Miller, 
of that city. Both parents were members of the 
Lutheran Church, of which our subject and his 
family are also members. 

The wife of our subject was a Prussian, bearing 
the maiden name of Clara Smith. Her parents, 
jMathias and Julia Smith, emigrated to the United 
States, and died on a farm three miles south of 
Marysville. They were members of the Catholic 
Church. Mr. and Mrs. Holle are the parents of 
six children — Martin, Clara IM., Louisa, Fred Will- 
iam, Katie, and Edward. 

Mr. Holle is a man of intelligence, uprightness, 
industry, and ability, and with his estimable wife 
commands the hearty respect of the entire commu- 

,., I^ILLIAM RAEMER, a son of Fred W. Rae- 
/_ ,.i.„..„i, „f Thorn appears elsewhere 

y^lLLIAM KAEMEK, a si 
mer (a sketch of whom 
^^ in tins volume), is nur 

3), is numbered among the 
rising young business men of Herkimer. He holds 
the office of Constable, and since February, 1889, 
has been engaged in the lumber business at this 
point and at Bremen, being associated in partner- 
ship with W. II. Koeneke and Mr. Carl Menier. 
They handle from 35.000 to 40,000 feet of lumber 
annually at Herkimer, and 12,000 to 15,000 at 
Bremen. Our subject is also agent for the Hart- 
ford Fire Insurance Company. He is only twenty- 
six years of age, having been born Sept. 21, 1863, 
and has already made fine headway on the road to 

Mr. Raemer was born at his father's homestead 
on section 12, Logan Township, and was reared on 
the farm and educated in the district school. In 
March, 1888, he began clerking in the office and 
attending to the lumber business of Mr. Koeneke, 
and gave such good satisfaction that less than a 
year later he was promoted to a partnership in the 
business. He was married, July 1, 1888, to Miss 
Emma, daughter of John and Catherine (Neidell) 
Krug, vrho was a native of Allegheny County, Pa. 
Mrs. Raemer came to this county with her parents 
about 1878, where her father engaged in farming 

and died a few years later. The mother is still living 
and a resident of Washington County, this State. 
The parents were born, reared and married in 
Hessen, Germany, and trained in the doctrines of 
the Lutheran Church, to which they belonged. Our 
subject and his little family occupy a snug h«me 
on the edge of the village, and number their 
friends among its best citizens. Mr. and Mrs. Rae- 
mer are members of the Evangelical Church, and 
our subject, politically, is a sound Republican. 

\f^ DWIX S. ROWLAND. Some of the most 
||=i successful farmers of Walnut Township are 
J^^ those who came to Northern Kansas in their 
young manhood, among whom was the subject of 
this notice. With wise forethought he set about 
the establishment of a home before assuming the 
responsibilities of a family, and homesteaded eighty 
acres of land which he has improved into a flrst- 
class farm, making fences, putting up buildings, 
planting forest and fruit trees and gradually accu- 
mulating the comforts and conveniences which 
have so large a share in the happiness and welfare 
of humanity. For a number of years he operated 
simply as a tiller of the soil, but now makes a 
specialty of fine stock, including Clydesdale horses 
and Short-horn cattle, and is able to exhibit some 
of the finest specimens of these to be found in this 
part of the county. 

A native of New \ork State, Mr. Rowland was 
born in Suffolk County, March 6, 1847, and there 
spent his boyhood and youth, receiving a practical 
education in the common school. lie worked with 
his father on the farm and acquired those habits of 
industry which have proved the basis of his success 
in life. His parents were Sanford and Mary 
(Thompson) Rowland, natives of Long Island. 
The father was owner of a sailing vessel the 
'■Dover," which was chiefly used in the oyster busi- 
ness on the American coast and of which he was 
commander. He was lost at sea off Fire Island 
Inlet, where his ship grounded on a bar and where 
he perished March 2, 1854. 

The paternal grandfather of our subject spent 
many years of his life on Long Island, where he 



was married, reared his family and died. The ma- 
ternal g'-andparents likewise died on Long Island, 
in the village of Patchogue, where they had been 
reared. Our subject left his native State when a 
young man and after coming to this county was 
united in marriage to Miss Catherine, daughter of 
John and Catherine Binder, who was born in Iowa. 
The parents of Mrs. Rowland were natives of Ger- 
many, and further notice of them may be found in 
the sketch of J. George Binder, a brother of her 
father. Of her union with our subject there have 
been horn three children — William, Albert and 
James Franklin. Mr. Rowland is a stanch sup- 
porter of Republican principles. He has always 
maintained an interest in local affairs and officiated 
as Township Clerk one term. 

John Binder departed this life at his home in 
Waterville Township, this county, Feb. 15, 1888, 
after a residence of twenty-one j'ears, having come 
here in 1869. He at that time homesteaded eightj' 
acres on section 2, TVaterville Township, where 
they reared their family of seven children and 
where the mother still lives. Mis. Rowland was 
their third child. She was carefully trained in all 
housewifely duties, received a common-school edu- 
cation and remained under the parental roof until 
her marriage. 


Ifjl. ^ UGO ROHDE, general farmer on section 10 

f/jji in Logan Township, takes great pride in 
l^y^ the development of this country, and the 
i^^ fact that he as one of the early settlers of 
this part of the county, has been a witness to much 
of that progress. He was born in Prussia, Dec. 9, 
1855, the son of Charles and Ernestina (Werdeich) 
Rohde. In the summer of 1857 the family emi- 
grated to the United States, landing in New York, 
and thence going to LaSalle Count}', 111. In 1868, 
they came to this county where the father pre- 
empted eighty acres on section 9. Logan Township, 
anil after improving it took a homestead of eighty 
acres on section 10, where the parents lived until 
their (loath. Though for so short a time in America, 
the fiilhor displayed all the patriotism of a native 

American, and upon the breaking out of the Civil 
War in 1861, he enrolled himself as one of the 
supporters of the Union, enlisting in Company I, 
24tli Illinois Infantry. He served faithfully for 
fifteen months, being promoted from the ranks to 
the position of Sergeant, when he was discharged 
on account of disability, having been ruptured. 
His death took place June 18, 1884, at the age of 
sixty-two years, being the result of the injury re- 
ceived in the service. The mother survived until 
the &th of December, 1887, when she too was called 
from earth. Both parents were reared in the Lu- 
theran faith, to whiuli the ancestry, so far as known, 
were attached. They were natives of Prussia, 
where their ancestors had lived for generations. 
There they were married and there the family of 
five children was born. The elder and third of 
the children died in their native land and the sec- 
ond child, after their removal to America (in Illi- 
nois), leaving only our subject and a sister, Minnie, 
wife of Ernest Lange, furniture dealer in Marys- 
ville, to represent the family. 

Our subject was in his thirteenth year when his 
parents removed to this county and well remcm- 
bei'S when his father took up the homestead, then 
v/ild land and which he assisted in improving and 
upon which he now resides. He has a comfortable 
frame house, a substantial stone barn and other im- 
provements upon this place, and the land under 
thorough cultivation. He is also owner of 160 
acres on section 16, about fifty acres being under 
cultivation, the balance in pasture and meadows. 
He devotes his attention to general farming but 
keeps good grades of stock, his horses being 
three-fourths Norman. 

Our subject was married in Washington County, 
Kan., to Sophia, daughter of William and Char- 
lotte (Brockmeyer) Phiele, a native of St. Louis. 
Mo. Her parents were natives of Hanover, Ger- 
many, being members of the Lutheran Church. 
Mrs. Rohde has become the mother of three chil- 
dren, Carl, Bertha, and Paulina. 

Mr. Rohde is a member of the Turner Lodge of 
Marysville, of the A. O. U. W., and of the Druids 
Societj' of Marysville. He has held the office of 
Constable one year, acted as enumerator during the 
census taking of 1880, and is now and has been for 



several years, Justice of the Peace of the town- 
ship. He is a man of strict integrity, upright 
character, and good judgment, thoroughly deserv- 
ing the ranic wiiich he occupies in the respect of 
his fellow citizens. 

ETER COHRS. Few people realize the 
immense strength and importance of the 
;^- German element in this county; tlicy come 
hither in large numbers, and financiall}^ as 
well as numerically, form a part of the community 
by no means to be overlooked. Taking hold of 
every department of labor, making themselves in- 
dispensable in the development of every public en- 
terprise, and becoming identified with our customs 
and institutions, they command at once the wonder 
and .admiration of other foreigners, who perchance 
lack their business capacity and financial ability. 

Not the least among these progressive Germans, 
may be mentioned the gentleman with whose name 
we introduce this sketch. He is tiie owner of a splen- 
did farm of 160 acres, whose fertile soil yields 
bountiful harvests, and whose broad acres are yearly 
made beautiful by the ripening sheaf, the blooming 
flowers, and the blushing fruits. Upon his home- 
stead he has erected a pleas.ant, roomy dwelling, 
prominent among others in his vicinity. His barn is 
well painted and commodious, while the corn-cribs, 
granaries, and other outbuildings are of the best, 
and materially assist in promoting the interests of 
the farm. Naturally he feels proud of his well- 
improved estate, for it is the result of his own un- 
aided efforts. It is almost entirely fenced and in 
good cultivation. 

Personally, our subject is one of tlie most promi- 
nent men in his township, has served as Road 
Commissioner, and in various ways advanced the 
interests of his county. He is public-spirited, con- 
servative and careful, guarding with a watchful 
eye and u vigilant brain tiioSo public affairs and 
national interests, which should be first in the 
thoughts of every patriotic citizen. In company 
with many others of German extraction, Mr. Cohrs 
and his family are faithful attendants at the ser- 

vices of the Lutheran Church, as well as regular 
communicants of that denomination. They are 
rearing their children in the faith of their ancestors, 
and molding their characters so as to fit them, relig- 
iously and socially, for positions of responsibility 
and honor awaiting their future years. 

The parents of our subject were Hans Henry and 
Catherine Cohrs, natives of Hanover, and of German 
ancestry as far back as the family record extends. 
In Hanover the parents lived and there passed to 
rest in 1853, the father first, and the mother sur- 
viving him only one week. Their son, Peter, our 
subject, was born March 15, 1847 in the same pro- 
vince which was the life home of his father and 
mother, was educated under the laws of compul- 
sory education, and was one in a family of four 
children, two of whom are now living. Early left 
orphans and thrown upon the mercies of a thought- 
less world, these children were separated, a brother, 
Henry, and a sister, Dorethe, coming to the United 
States several years before our subject himself be- 
came a resident of the "land of the free." 

With careful insight into the future, and a vivid 
realization of what the New World held for him 
over and above the opportunities presented in the 
Fatherland. Peter Cohrs decided to make his home 
in the United States; flattering reports from that 
country having been sent back by his relatives 
who had preceded him thitlier. When the Civil 
War had been brought to a termination, he saw 
bright prospects for the future in the reunited 
country, and accordingly, in 1865, embarked from 
Bremen on a sail-ship, the "Helena," which landed 
him in New York, July 5, fifty-three days after 
taking passage. He came immediately to Cook 
County, 111., where he worked as a farm-laborer 
Ave years, with the exception of two years spent in 
Kansas. He, however, did not find liis ideal home 
in Cook Countjs and being pleased with tiie soil 
and appearance of Kansas, came to this State in 
1870, and bought his present farm located on sec- 
tion :i9 in Herkimer Township. Marvellous clianges 
have since then been wrought by the all powerful 
liand of man. Then the landscape presented a wild 
aspect, with a rank growth of weeds, while all 
around was uncultivated, unattractive and unim- 
proved. Now tlie beholder's eye is pleased with 



tlie order, regularity, and evidence of harmony ex- 
isting between tlie surroundings, both in outward 
form and inward workings. It seems the abode of 
peace and plentj'. 

The wife of our subject was also a native of Han- 
over, where her parents lived till 1855. Mrs. Cohrs 
was in her youth Catherine, daughter of George 
and Anna (Bunker) Gieshler, who were universally 
respected both in their native land and in the com- 
munity of which they were residents in Kansas. 
Religiously, they belonged to the Lutheran Church, 
and after a life well spent in deeds of kindness and 
self-sacrifice, passed quietly and hopefullj' to rest. 
They had resided for fourteen years in Illinois 
prior to their removal to Kansas in 1869, and it 
was in this latter State that they died. After the 
marriage of our subject and his wife, which took 
place ,]une 18, 1874, they lived for a time on rented 
land, then had a house built on his present home- 
stead, into which they removed. The home circle 
is gladdened b}' the birth and presence of four 
children, namely: Henry, Anna, Fred and Cather- 
ine. They are now at home and receiving careful 
training for life's responsibilities. 

In politics Mr. Cohrs is an Independent. 

(jl ,=, Perhaps in no portion of the world are the 
^^iill results of industry and perseverance more 
clearly defined than in the Great West. Fiftj- 
years ago a large portion of its terrritory lay un- 
tilled, and it is hardly necessary to say that its 
present civilized condition, its rich farms and flour- 
ishing villages, have been brought into existence 
only by those men possessing an unlimited amount 
of enterprise and energy. In noting the career of 
the leading men of Marshall County, the name of 
Mr. Gerlinger can b}' no means be properly omitted 
from the list. Ha represents farm property to the 
amount of 720 broad acres, his homestead being 
finely located on section 9, Elm Creek Township. 
He commenced in life dependent upon his own re- 
sources and has arrived at his present position, so- 
cially and financiallj', solely by his own eliorts. 

Next in importance to a man's personal history, 
is that of his forefathers. Our subject is the son 
of Christian Gerlinger, who was born in Germany, 
where he received a practical education, and 
was married to Miss Sophia Schmidt, a maiden 
of his own Province. His distinguishing trait was 
his desire to get on in the world and to follow a 
course which would be best for those dependent 
upon him. There seemed little prospect of attain- 
ing his desire in the Fatherland and, according!}' in 
184G, he set out for America. The voyage across 
the Atlantic was made in a sailing-vessel, and the 
family first settled in Pennsylvania, sojourning 
there, however, only a short time. Then they re- 
moved to Milwaukee, Wis., of which place they 
were residents about fifteen j'ears. The father of 
our subject then having his attention attracted to 
Northern Kansas as a desirable location for a man 
with little means, came to this county and settled 
in Elm Creek Township. He redeemed a portion 
of the soil, and constructed therefrom a comfort- 
able homestead, where be and his estimable wife 
spent the remainder of their days. 

The subject of this sketch was the only child of 
his parents, and was born in Wurtemburg, Ger- 
many, April 24, 1840. He was a child of six years 
when his parents emigrated to America, and he 
came with them to this county in April, 1862. He 
acquired his education mostly in the common 
schools, and at an early age was tauglit to make 
himself useful, and became imbued with those hab- 
its of thrift and prudence which are the leading 
characteristics of the German nationality. When 
reaching man's estate he was married in Nemeha 
County, May 25,1868. to Miss Augusta Weyer, who 
born July 15, 1842, to Frederick and Mary Louisa 
Weyer. This lady was a native of his own coun- 
tr}-, and after becoming the mother of four chil- 
dren, departed this life at the homestead Sept. 25, 
1880. One of their sons — John — died when an in- 
fant of six months. George P., born July 17. 
1870; Christian A., Sept. 27. 1871. and William 
E., Aug. 30. 1873, remain at home with their 

Mr. Gerlinger contracted a second marriage Aug. 
16, 1881. in Milwaukee, Wis., with Miss Elizabeth 
Munzinger, who born Sept. 8, 1850, near the Cream 



City, and lived there until her marriage. Both 
Mrs. Gerlinger and her husband are members in 
good standing of the Lutheran Church. Mr. Ger- 
linger, poliiicalij, is independent, a man who does 
his own thinking and endeavors to support the men 
whom he considers best qualified for office. In his 
fanning operations, he makes a specialty' of stock- 
breeding, and has all the conveniences for the suc- 
cessful prosecution of his calling. He has erected 
good buildings on his place, and avails himself of 
modern machiner3' in the cultivation of the soil. 
Among his fellow-citizens he is uniformly popular, 
and his home is the frequent resort of the best peo- 
ple of Elm Creek Township. We call the atten- 
tion of our many readers to an elegant lithographic 
view of the handsome residence and surroundings 
on the farm of Mr. Gerlinger, to be found on an- 
other page of this work. 

^^^ BSALOM H. JESTER has for many years 
been an active citizen and earnest woiker 

jjj lii for the promotion of the best interests of 
Marshall Count}-, where he has attained 
the worthy reputation of being public-spirited, lib- 
eral, and industrious. By trade a carpenter, he 
has devoted his later years to agricultural pursuits, 
owning and cultivating a fine farm on section 30, 
Center Township. By developing the best inter- 
ests of his own estate, he has thereby elevated the 
standard of agriculture in this county, and has 
stimulated others to more determined efforts by his 
successful operation of his farm. 

Inheriting the thrift of a long line of Scotch an- 
cestrjr, he lias had the hearty co-operation of a 
worthy helpmate for many years. Mrs. Jester has 
all the charms and attractions of gracious woman- 
hood, mellowed and subdued by age. Of charit- 
able disposition, winning and kind, the poor never 
fear to approach her, while those in her own social 
sphere rival each other in bestowing upon her those 
little favors so gratefully received by ail the gen- 
tler sex. She was united in marriage with our sub- 
ject, in Springfield. 111., July 11, 1850, and has 
ever since then been a true wife, faithful compan- 

ion, and active co-laborer, working earnestly for 
the promotion of the family welfare. Not alone 
has she been a worthy helpmate, but in every sense 
of the word, she has been a devoted mother to her 
children, of whom there are eight. We herewith 
give the family record: John, Julia, Ann, Varden, 
Ch.irles, Katie, Stephen, and Mattie. Ann died 
when just budding into womanhood, at the in- 
teresting age (if sixteen years. She was buried 
near the homestead, in Center Township; Varden 
was taken from the family circle when an infant; 
John married Laura Crary, and resides in Colorado; 
Julia is the wife of George Thomas, and lives in 
Marysville; Mattie married Edward Dexter, a resi- 
dent of this county; Charles and Stejihen are at 

Politically, Mr. Jester is an active supporter of 
Democratic principles, working for the election of 
their ticket in all National and local affairs. To- 
gether with his wife he attends services at the 
Baptist Church, of which both are members. Mr. 
Jester has filled with characteristic abilitj' several 
school offices, but prefers the quiet of the domestic 
circle to the uproar of official life. 

The father of our subject, John B. Jester, was a 
native of Scotland, and by occupation a shoemaker. 
In early manhood he married Tabitha Jones, who 
was born on the eastern shore of Maryland. After 
marriage, they removed to Woodford County, Ky., 
where he followed his trade several years. During 
their sojourn in that county, our subject was born 
Nov. 1, 1822. and was one among nine children 
born to John Jester and his helpmate. He was the 
third in order of birth, and was eight years old 
when his parents left their Kentuckj' home, and 
located in Sangamon County, 111. Plere, as in Ken- 
tucky, Mr. Jester was occupied with his trade, but 
afterward became interested in farming pursuits. 
Both he and his wife died in their Illinois home. 

For twenty years a resident of the capital cit}' 
of the great State of Illinois, our subject there was 
engaged as a carpenter, and enjoyed the personal 
acquaintance of President Lincoln, who was then 
entering upon that career so brilliant, so wonder- 
ful, and so suddenly terminated in the midst of the 
greatness achieved, when he had been placed on the 
pinnacle of renown, by a loving, reunited people. 



Leaving SiiringSekl, Mr. Jester returnert to his 
father's old homestead, and made it the scene of 
his labors for six years. In the autumn of 1869 
he left that place and settled in Center Township, 
on section 30, this county, where he has since re- 
sided. He preempted a homestead of eighty acres 
on section 30, and has since added another eighty 
to the original claim. Upon his estate he has 
erected a commodious residence, and has also set 
out fruit trees, and otherwise improved the prop- 

Mrs. Jester is tlie daughter of John and Ann 
(Wetherell) Connelly, who after their marriage, 
settled in Georgetown, D. C. and there resided 
until the year 1837, when they came to Sangamon 
County, 111., settling in Springfield. There the 
father followed the occupation of a shoemaker, and 
filled various offices of trust, and became prominent 
among those of his social circle in his vicinitj-. 
He and his wife reared a family of eleven children, 
six daughters and five sons. Of these Mrs. Jester 
was the eighth child, and was born in Georgetown, 
D. C, Feb. 28, 1832, accompanying her parents on 
their removal later, to Springfield, where she met 
and married the subject of this sketch. 

During the period of their residence here, Mr. 
and Mrs. Jester have endeared themselves to those 
with whom they have associated, and are known in 
tlieir community for their good works. 

l^xATRICK J. FARRELL. It is a remark- 
able man, who takes no pleasure in view- 
ing the evidences of thrift and enterprise 
in a community, the cultivated fields of 
the agricultural districts, especially, the substantial 
buildings and the various other indications of in- 
dustry and prosperity. He who has built up for 
himself such a homestead among an intelligent peo- 
ple, is worth3- of moi^e than a passing mention. 
The farm of Mr. Farrell, which is pleasantly lo- 
cated on section 7, AValnut Township, invariably 
attracts the eye of the passing traveler, its fields 
being well tilled and productive, its buildings neatly 
painted and kept in good repair, and the surround- 

ings generalij' indicative of a man intent upon 
reaching a high point of excellence, both socially 
and financiallj'. 

The subject of this notice was born in County 
Longford, Ireland, March 4, 1849, and is the son 
of Patrick and Marj- (Milnamow) Farrell, who 
emigrated to the United States when Patrick J. was 
a child of two years. They made the voyage on 
a sailing-vessel of tlie Black Star Line, and landed in 
New York City in December, 1851. Thence thej' 
proceeded to De Kalb County, 111., where the father 
occupied himself as a farmer, and where he still 
lives. The mother died in 1886. Both were mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church, of Killishee Parish. 

Mr. Farrell came when a 30ung man, in 1869. to 
this State, and homesteaded 160 acres of land 
where he now lives, and which occupies the south- 
east quarter of section 7. He had acquired a com- 
mon-school education in Illinois, together with 
those habits of industry and frugalit}-, which have 
l3een the secret of his success. When becoming 
sufficiently established, financially, he was married 
in this county, on June 20, 1877, to Miss Mary C, 
daughter of Thomas and Elizabeth (Downey) Flem- 
ing, who was born in Bruce County, Canada, and 
whose father was a native of Kilkenny, Ireland. 
The latter when a young man, emigrated with his 
parents, William and Catherine (Blackey) Fleming, 
to the Dominion, and there his parents spent their 
last days. The father was a member of the Church 
of England, and the mother was a Catholic in re- 
ligious belief; the father when married also joined 
the Catholic Church. Grandmother Fleming died 
soon after landing in Quebec. Grandfather Flem- 
ing died while on a visit to his daughter in Michi- 
gan. Mrs. Farrell's mother was born in Canada, 
where she was reared to womanhood, and married. 
The parents of Mrs. Farrell are now residents of 
Pottawatomie County, this State. The maternal 
grandparents were Patrick and Elizabeth (Phelan) 
Downe3', both natives of Kilkenny, and members of 
the Catholic Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Farrell began their wedded life to- 
gether on the farm where they now live, and upon 
which great changes have been brought about since 
our subject took possession. Besides the buildings 
mentioned, there is an abundance of fruit and 



sliade trees, including a fine orcyiard of about 100 
apple trees. The land is largely devoted to pastur- 
age. Mr. and Mrs. FarrcU are members in good 
standing of the Catholic Church, and our subject, 
politicallj', votes tlie straight Democratic ticket. 
He has served as Township Trustee two years, and 
also as Road Overseer, and Clerk of his school dis- 
trict several years. The household circle includes 
six bright and interesting children, viz.: Patrick, 
Elizabeth T., Thomas L., Bernard W., Gregorj% 
and Henry iM. 

Mrs. Farrell is a ver3' intelligent lady, and well 
educated, having completed lier studies in the 
Catholic school at Galesburg, 111., of which she was 
a student four years. She was also in the convent 
at Farniassa, Canada, four 3'ears. In 1885 Mr. 
Farrell and his famil}' visited their old home in 
Delvalb Count}', 111., and also took in the great 
and growing cit}- of Chicago. 

I AMES SHROYER. A plain and unassum- 
ing citizen, the subject of this notice 
long been recognized as one of those men 
(^^// possessing the qualities of character which 
form the basis of all good society, and lend dignity' 
and worth to a community. He has been content 
to pursue the even tenor of his way. giving his 
thoughts mostly to his family and his farm, but at 
the same time has maintained a uniform interest in 
the progress and welfare of the people about him. 
He has a very pleasant farailj- and aVife possessing 
great excellence of character, a lad\' who is warmly 
interested in the cause of education, maintaining a 
worthy ambition to give her children the best of 
advantages. Their home makes one of those quiet 
country pictures, having a charm about it greater 
than that which wealth or ambition can give. 

Philip Shroj'er, the father of our subject, was a 
native of Penns3'lvania where he was reared to 
farming pursuits and married Miss Catherine Lash, 
a native of his own State. Soon after uniting tiieir 
destinies they removed to Perry County, Ohio, 
where the father was cut down in his prime, djing 
when his son James, our subject, was about seven 

years old. The mother subsequently removed to 
Fulton County. Ind., and later came to this county 
and died about 1878. The family of nine children 
consisted of seven sons and two daughters, of whom 
James was the youngest born. He first opened his 
eyes to the light near Thornville, Perry Co., Ohio, 
.Sept. 30, 1841, and was eight years old when his 
mother left the Buckeye State and removed to Ind- 
iana. He was reared to manhood in the latter 
State and came to this county in the fall of 18(14, 
when twenty-three years old. He secured a tract 
of land on section 31, Elm Creek Township, and 
established the homestead where he now lives. He 
is now the owner of 320 acres of land upon which 
he has erected good buildings, planted forest and 
fruit trees, and gathered about himself and his fam- 
ily the other comforts and conveniences of modern 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Sarah 
Blalock took place at the home of the bride in Elm 
Creek Township, Sept 12, 1869. Mrs. Shroyer is 
the daughter of John and Rosamond (Hill) Blalock; 
the mother is deceased, the father is a resident 
of Texas. The wife of our subject was born in 
Grant County, Wis., Sept. 20, 1845, and received 
a good education, after which she followed the 
profession of a teacher in this county and other 
places, until her marri.age. This union has resulted 
in the birth of four children, viz.: Warren is now 
a student at Plattville, Grant Co., Wis. ; John, 
Ferdinand, and Mary J., are at home with their 
parents and receiving the benefits of a good edu- 
cation. Mr. Shroyer, politically, affllliates with 
the Democratic party, but has never sought the re- 
sponsibilities of office. Mrs. Shroyer is promi- 
nently connected with the Congregational Church. 

IP DAM SACHS. The reader will at once 
_ , recognize this name as belonging to a 
I * German citizen, and the biographer found 
him located on one of the best farms in 
Walnut Township, pleasantly situated on section 8. 
The homestead in all its appointments indicates 
the thrift and industry of the proprietor, from the 



large neatly-painted frame dwelling, to tbe barn 
and other outbuildings, the fat cattle and other 
well-fed live stock, the machinery and all the 
appurtenances usually emploj'ed bj- the skillful 
and thorougii agriculturist. The soil has been 
brought to a highly fertile condition and very little 
of it is allowed to run to waste. Mr. Sachs is one 
of the most worthy representatives of his national- 
ity, and has been no unimportant factor in uphold- 
ing the reputation of his adopted township as one 
of the most intelligent communities in this region. 

A native of the Kingdom of Bavaria, German}', 
our subject was born Jan. 2, 1847, and reared un- 
der the compulsory education laws of his native 
land. He spent his boyhood and youth on the 
farm of his parents, Lawrence and Maggie (Goller) 
Sachs, who were likewise natives of Bavaria and of 
pure German ancestry. The}' were most excellent 
and worthy people, members in good standing in 
the Lutheran Church, and spent their entire lives 
on their native soil. 

Our subject left his native shore in 1868 on the 
steamer "Weser," and after a voyage of eleven 
days landed safely in New York City on the 16th 
of September. He made his way directly from 
the metropolis to Scott County, Iowa, where he 
employed himself as a farm laborer three years. 
Afterward he established himself on a rented farm 
which he operated two years and then removed, 
first to Guthrie County, Iowa, and next to Adams 
County, Neb. In the latter county he purchased a 
claim, chiefly with money which he had made by 
months of hard labor, and next took unto himself 
a wife and helpmate. This lady was Miss Philipina, 
daughter of Philip Schoneberger, a native of his 
own country, and the}- lived on that farm until 
1883, during which 3-ear our subject came to this 

Mr. Sachs now purchased 240 acres of land, that 
which constitutes his present farm, and has since 
given to it his best efforts. He makes a specialty 
of Short-horn cattle, an industry in which he has 
been very successful and which yields him a hand- 
some income. At the same time he takes an inter- 
est in ever3'thing pertaining to the general welfare 
of his community, being the friend of education 
and progress in all its forms and uniformly sup- 

porting the principles of the Democratic party. He 
has held the office of School Treasurer in his dis- 
trict for the last four years, is a man prompt to 
meet his oblig^ations and one whose word is consid- 
ered as good as his bond. Both he and his wife 
are leading members of the Lutheran Church in the 
faith of which they have been reared since child- 
hood; they have two children, whose names are 
George and Mary, who are receiving the benefits of 
a good common school education. 

ETER J. SCHUMACHER. This gentle- 
man, who is on the sunn}- side of fortj' 
and who is a farmer b}' occupation, havin.o- 
a well-regulated homestead on section 12, 
in Logan Township, was born in Wisconsin, Oct. 
12, 1860, and lived there until a child of seven 
years. About 1867 his parents removed to the 
Northern ijart of the Wolverine State, but not be- 
ing satisfied with tiieir surroundings, came a year 
later to this county and located on tlie farm now 
occupied b}' tlieir son. Here our subject was reared 
until approaching to man's estate and when about 
eighteen j'ears old, the parents, leaving the farm in 
his hands, removed to another on section 18, Lo- 
gan Township, where they still reside. 

Mr. Schumacher was the third born in a family 
of six children, one of whom is deceased. He was 
educated in the district school and when twenty- 
five years old, was married in Logan Township to 
Miss Paulina C, daughter of Anton and Julia 
(Richard) Iluber. The parents of Mrs. Schumacher 
were natives of La.Salle (Jounty, III., where they 
lived until she was about three years old. The}' 
then removed to this county and are still residents 
of Franklin Township. The young people began 
their wedded life together under the old roof tree, 
and are now the parents of one child, a son, An- 
drew, who was born July 21, 1888. 

The farm of our subject comprises 160 acres of 
good land, the greater part of which is in a good 
stale of cultivation. He lias a substantial frame 
dwelling with a good barn and an orchard of about 
100 fruit trees, besides other fruit and shade trees. 



He has been quite a prominent man in his commu- 
nity and in tlie spring of 1887 was elected Trustee 
of Herkimer Township, and re-elected in the spring 
(if 1888-89. He superintended tlie assessment of 
tlie township after its division in the spring of 1889, 
the south lialf being given the name of Logan. He 
lilvcvvise served as Constable five j'oars prior to his 
first election as Township Trustee. Sociall}', he 
belongs to the I. O. O. F., Otto Lodge, No. 85, of 
MarysvilJeand to the Turner Lodge of that place. 
His farming operations are conducted with that 
good judgment and skill which has made his land 
a source of a comfortable income, whereby he is 
able to surround his family with everything needful 
for their comfort and happiness. He is First Ser- 
geant of Company G, 3d Regiment, K. N. G. 

\/iJ/' Creek, has been a 
W^ and makes his head 

RICE, Postmaster of Elm 
life-long agriculturist, 
s headquarters at a good farm 
on section 35. He has a sulistantial and tasteful 
modern residence, and his domestic affairs are pre- 
sided over by a lady of more than ordinarj' intelli- 
gence and worth. The family is widely and favor- 
ably known and occupy a high social position 
among the leading people of their community. 

In reverting to the early history of our subject, 
we find that he was the eldest of a familj' of twelve 
children — six sons and six daughters — the off- 
spring of Isaac N. and Hannah (Collier) Rice, tlie 
former of whom is supposed to have been a native 
of Virginia, while the latter was born in Kentuck3^ 
Tlie parents of our subject after their marriage set- 
tled in Washington County, the latter State, where 
the father carried on farming for a time and then, 
in October, 1850, moved across the Mississippi into 
Buchanan County, Mo. There the parents spent 
the remainder of their lives. William R. was born 
in Washington County-, Ky., Feb. 8, 1839, and was 
consequently a lad of eleven years when he accom- 
panied the famiy to Missouri. He lived there 
until 1862, engaged in farming pursuits. In the 
s|iring of that year, his attention having been called 
to the fertde lands of Northern Kansas, he came 

to this county and settled on section 35. The fol- 
lowing year he removed to Marysville, and lived 
there two years, engaged in blacksmithing and 
wagon-making. With this exception, his life oc- 
cupation has been that of a farmer. In 1865 he 
i-eturned to his possessions in Elm Creek Town- 
ship, where he lived until April, 1866, then 
removed into Blue Rapids City, remaining there 
until 1874. He then returned to the farm, where 
he has since lived. This embraces at the present 
243 acres of choice land, which he is cultivating 
with excellent results and at the same time carry- 
ing on his blacksmith shop. This latter is a great 
convenience to the people of this region, and is 
generouslj^ patronized. The proprietor is a man 
prompt to meet his obligations and stands well 
among his neiglibors. 

Our subject was married in Elm Creek Town- 
ship, Sept. 13, 1860 to Miss Susan M., daughter of 
James and Sarah (Farris) Taylor. The parents of 
Mrs. Rice, it is believed, were natives of Kentucky, 
but after their marriage they settled in 'Indiana. 
Later, they removed to Illinois, and thence to 
Buchanan County, Mo. In 1859, they once more 
changed their residence, locating then in this 
county, on a farm in Elm Creek Township, where 
they spent their remaining days. Their family 
consisted ,'of twelve children, only six of whom 
lived to mature j-ears, four sons and two daugh- 

Mrs. Rice was born in Andrew County, Mo., 
April 26, 1841. Of her marriage with our subject 
there have been born seven children, the eldest of 
whom, a son, James N., died when a child of 
eigliteen months; John L. died when fourteen 
months old ; Martha A. became the wife of Will- 
iam H. Leach, and died in Wells Township, this 
county, Feb. 2, 1889, at the age of twenty-four 
years; William I. married Miss Minnie Thompson 
of Marysville, they live in Elm Creek Township; 
Albert, Charles F. and Edgar D. remain at home 
with their parents. Mr. Rice was appointed Post- 
master under the administration of President 
Arthur in September, 1882, and has since held the 
office. Politically, he is a sound Democrat. 

On the 13th of September, 1885. Mr. and Mrs. 
Rice appropriately celebrated the twent3'-fiftli an- 



niversary of tlieir wedding. A large number of 
friends and relatives were present at the homestead 
and a goodly number of valuable gifts were pre- 
sented the couple in remembrance of their silver 
wedding. Among the guests was one lady, Mrs. 
Eliza Jane Gift, who was a witness of the ceremony 
which made the twain man and wife in their 
youth. It was an occasion which will long be re- 
membered with pleasure by those who were pres- 
ent, and who expressed their wishes that many 
more years might be granted Mr. and IMrs. Rice on 
the journej' of life together. 

<«i I^ILLIAM LOVE. Our subject is of Irish 
1^^^ ancestry and birth, his father, John, and 
^p^ his mother, Mary (Douelly) Love, both 
having been natives of the Emerald Isle, on which 
they lived and died. They had a family of eleven 
children, of whom our subject was the fourth. He 
was born in County Cavan, in 1826, and in his six- 
teenth year left home to make for himself a place 
among the residents of the New World. He landed 
at Brooklyn, N. Y., where he made his home for 
three 3'ears. engaged a portion of that time in stage 
driving. He then went to Schoharie County-, N. Y., 
where he worked upon a farm for some time, then 
buying a half-interest in a steam sawmill, he fol- 
lowed this business for about two years. Selling 
out, he removed to Delaware County, N. Y., where 
he engaged in lumbering for nearly a year. He 
afterward spent some time in Chicago, Milwaukee, 
and other cities of the northwest, engaging in dif- 
ferent occupations as the demands of the region 
made most profitable. Among his various employ- 
ments, was that of a carpenter, and engineer of a 
threshing machine. In Menomonee. Wis., he en- 
gaged in mercantile pursuits, afterward in the 
wholesale and retail liquor business, and traded in 
furs. Here he met Mrs. Lydia H. Inglesbe, a 
woman of that noble nature fitted to make a happy 
home. To this lady Mr. Love was married in 1871, 
and he then removed to this county, locating on 
section 12, Marys ville Township, where he has since 
that time devoted his attention to farming. He 

now owns 240 acres of land on whicli are the usual 
improvements of the enterprising and progressive 

Mrs. Love was a native of Delaware County, 
N. Y., whei-e she was born July 23, 1837. Her first 
husband was Henry Inglesbe, who died in Menom- 
onee, Wis. Tiie fruit of this union was five chil- 
dren, two of whom grew to maturity': William 
Inglesbe married Emerilla Bigham, and resides in 
this count}'; Jennie was the wife of Kennet Bent- 
ley, of Marysville Township. She died in 1889. 

Mr. Love is a supporter of the principles of 
the Republican party. He possesses all the native 
wit for which his countrymen are so justly noted, 
is a man of varied ability, and is held in high es- 
teem by his fellow-citizens. His wife is a worthy 
associate, looking well to the ways of her house- 
hold, and proving an efficient aid to his financial 
and social success. 

y^ARREN S. LESLIE. It is a great mistake 
to suppose that refinement and intelligence 
W^ are confined to the limits of the incorpor- 
ated cities. The biographer in making his rounds 
through the rural districts, frequently meets with 
men of more than oi'dinary intelligence, readers, 
and well-informed, those who keep themselves 
abreast of the times, and well-posted upon current 
events. Among these may be properly classed the 
subject of this notice, who is a man particularh' 
progressive in his ideas, and one with whom an hour 
may alwaj'S be spent in a pleasurable and profitable 
manner. Mr. Leslie believes in availing himself 
of every opportunity for mental improvement, and 
has a thorough appreciation of the value of history 
and biography, without which no community can 
preserve a proper record of its local affairs. Farm- 
ing has been his life occupation, and we find him 
snugly situated at a well-regulated homestead on 
section 34, Elm Creek Township. 

In examining the records of the Leslie family, 
we find that they were first represented in New 
England, at an earl^' day. The father of our sub- 
ject was Cyrus Leslie, a native of Vermont, who 



resided in his native county until earl3^ manhood, 
and was married to Miss Elvira Smith, a maiden 
probably of his own township. He served an ap- 
prenticeship at the tailor's trade, which he followed 
the greater part of his life in the Green iNIountain 
State. The parental household included seven 
children, of whom Warren S. was the fourth in or- 
der of birth. 

Mr. Leslie was born in Pl3'mouth, Windsor Co., 
Vt., Dec. 14, 1841, and was left fatherless at the 
early age of seven years. He was placed on a farm 
in his native county, where he became familiar with 
agricultural pursuits, whicii he followed with the 
exception of the time spent in the army, until he 
was a man of twenty-six 3'oars. On the 18th of 
May, 1861, he enlisted at Ludlow, in Company I, 
2d Vermont Infantry, in which he served until 
February, 1863, and was then obliged to accepthis 
honorable discharge on account of disability occa- 
sioned by a wound received while in camp. He 
participated in manj' of the important battles of 
the war, being present at the first engagement of 
Bull Run, and was afterward at Lee's Mill, Will- 
iamsliurg. and the seven day's fight under (ren. 
McClellan, at .South Mountain and Antietam. At 
Bull Run he received a bruise from a spent ball, 
which, however, was not serious. 

Upon his discharge from tiie army, our subject 
returned to his native State, and for two years was 
employed on a farm in the vicinity of Rutland. 
The 3-ear following he spent on a farm in the vicin- 
ity (if Pittsford, then returning to Plymouth, so- 
journed there until the spring of 1868. Thatj'earhe 
left New England, and spent about twelve months 
in Jackson Countj^ Kan. We next find him set- 
tled in tills county, on a farm of eightj^ acres, occu- 
pying a portion of section 34, Elm Creek Township. 
Here he has since remained, bringing the soil to a 
good state of cultivation, and erecting substantial 
buildings. He is a universal favorite among his 
fellow-citizens, being of that genial and compan- 
ionable temperarrent which makes for him friends 
wherever he goes. 

While a resident of his native State, our subject 
wiis married, Oct. 18, 1866, at Woodstock, to Miss 
Alice D., daughter of William B. Newman, a sketch 
,of whom appears on another page in this volume. 

Mrs. Leslie was also born in Vermont, where she 
spent most of her early life. They have one child 
only, a daughter, Eva B.. who is now the wife of 
John Prell, of Elm Creek Township. Mr. Leslie, 
politically, is a stanch Republican, but aside from 
holding the office of Township Treasurer, mixes 
very little in public affairs. Both the parents and 
the daughter are prominently identified with the 
Baptist Church. 

^APT. FRANK KISTER. Among those 
(11 ID """^^^^ history is eminently worthy of record, 
^&y stands prominently the name of this gentle- 
man who for many years one of the leading resi- 
dents of Marysville Township, and who departed 
this life July 6, 1872. He was born in the little 
village of Wrego, Prussia, Dec. 28, 1825, and lived 
there until a youth of seventeen yeai-s. He was 
placed in school at an early age, and pursued his 
studies until a lad of fourteen years. He spent the 
following three ^^ears under the parental roof, then, 
leaving home, served an apprenticeship at the 
miller's trade, which he followed in different places, 
but mostl}' in Wittenberg, where he was in the 
em[)loy of one man five years. In the meantime 
he met and married Miss Augusta Paulina Woel- 
fel, also a native of Prussia, and born in Eislepen, 
Aug. 23, 1827. 

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Kister set- 
tled in their native Province, and Mr. Kister pur- 
chased a flouring-mill near Wittenberg, which he 
operated about three years. The building was 
then destroyed by fire, and, in addition, they lost 
all their clothing and household goods, as the fire 
occurred in the night, which was a very cold one, 
and they barely escaped with their lives, enduring- 
great suffering. After the destruction of his mill, 
Mr. Kister making the best of the circumstances, 
entered the employ of others, and for one year 
worked in the city mill at Wittenberg. While en. 
gaged in some repairs, he accidentally dropped a 
broad ax upon one of his feet, which greatly im- 
paired his usefulness as a workman and laid him up 
for some time. He vvas becoming greatly disoour- 



aged, and in March, 1855, determined to emigrate 
to America. Witii his familj-, he embarked upon a 
sailing-vessel, and May 7 landed safely in New 
York City. Thence they proceeded directly to 
White Pigeon, Mich., where Mr. Kister obtained 
employment, and later was engaged in a sawmill 
about three and one-half miles from White Pigeon, 
where he remained three j'ears. He then rented the 
mill, which he conducted successfully for several 
years. The family lived in that vicinity until 
August, 1860, then, coming to Kansas, settled in 
Marysville, which remained their home. until after 
the close of the war. 

In December, 1861, our subject enlisted, at 
Mar3'sville, in Company K, 2d Kansas Cavalry, 
and was mustered into service on the 10th of Jan- 
uary, 1862. He was soon promoted to the rank 
of Sergeant, but two years later was detailed for 
the recruiting service, and raised a company of 
colored men at Ft. Scott and vicinity, of which he 
was made Captain, this being Company D, 83d 
Kansas Infantry, of which he retained the com- 
mand until the close of the war. He was a man of 
cool judgment and great bravery, and by his 
fidelity to duty secured the approval of his supe- 
rior officers and the lo3'altjr of his subordinates. 

Upon receiving his honorable discharge, Capt. 
Kister, returning to Marj'sville, entered the employ 
of Perry Hutchinson, the noted miller, with whom 
he remained some two or three years. In the mean- 
time he homesteaded 160 acres of land on section 
17, from which he constructed a good farm, which 
was afterward conducted b}^ his two sons.. In due 
time the Captain took up his abode at the farm, 
where he spent his last days. The hardships and 
privations which he had endured in the service, 
had their permanent effect upon his constitution, and 
he never fully recovered his former good health. In 
time dropsy set in, from which he suffered for sev- 
eral months prior to his decease. 

Both as a citizen and soldier, Capt. Kister had 
conducted himself in that manner which gained 
him the esteem and confidence of all who knew 
him. He was libeial and public-spirited, and uni- 
formly gave his encouragement to those measures 
calculated for the best good of the community. 
Since his death. Mrs. Kister has managed the farm 

with excellent judgment, and it is now the source 
of a comfortable income. Mrs. Kister is a very 
intelligent and pleasant lad}', and entirely devoted 
to the interests of her children. In every position 
which she has been called upon to fill, she has main- 
tained a womanly dignity which has gained her 
the admiration and esteem of all with whom she 
comes in contact. She has for a number of years 
been a member in good standing of the Lutheran 
Church, to which she gives a liberal support. 

The six children born to Capt. Kister and his 
estimable wife are recorded as follows: Oscar H. 
married Miss Naomi Angell, and lives in Bridge- 
port, Mono Co., C'al. ; he is now County Clerk of 
that county. Henrj- J., Ida J. and Edith J. remain 
at home with their mother. Frank died when an 
infant of two weeks; Emma L. became the wife 
of Charles H. Griffee, and died at Beatrice, Neb., 
March 13, 1887. The Kister homestead is kept 
up in good shape, and, while making no pretensions 
to elegance, presents a picture of plenty and com- 
fort, which is pleasing to contemplate. 

-v-^. .o«.o.•S^X^■«♦o *,— 

- ATRICK FARRELL. The generous, open- 
)l) hearted and industrious Irish-born citizen 
is admirably represented in the subject of 
this notice, who occupies no unimportant 
position in his community, and is well known to a 
large portion of the residents of Walnut Township, 
lie lives on a well-regulated farm of 160 acres, occu- 
pying the northwest portion of section 7. the land 
of which is highly productive and yields to the 
proprietor a good income. Without making any 
pretensions to show or elegance, Mr. Farrell enjoys 
a goodly measure of the comforts of life, and is 
ever willing to lend a helping hand to those about 

The native place of our subject is County Long- 
ford, Ireland, where he was born in May, 1843, and 
where he lived until a youth of eighteen years. 
He was a bright and ambitious boj' and at an early 
age determined to be somebody in the world, but 
seeing little prospect of .attaining to his ambition 
in his own country, he. at the age mentioned, set. 

Residence b< Quarries ofA.R. Esterbrqok, Qketo Chy, Kansas. 

Residence of Joseph Ellenbecker, 5ec. 30. Marysville Township. 

Residence of Henry N1iemann/5ec.32. Oketo Township. 



out for the United States, umking the vo\age on 
the sailing ship '-Vanguard," and landing in New 
York City in November, 1863. Thence he made 
his way directh- to DeKalb County, 111., of M'hich 
he was a resident six years, employing himself at 
whatever he could find to do. We find him strik- 
ing out for Northern Kansas in the spring of 1869, 
and he soon homesteaded 160 acresupon which he 
still resides. Upon it he has effected many im- 
provements, putting up a frame house, a stable and 
the other buildings required for the successful pros- 
ecution of his calling. He keeps a limited quantity 
of live-stock, including some good horses, and 
with the exception that he has never married, he 
has performed all the obligations of an honest man 
and a good citizen. He makes his home with a 
family whom he employs to keep house for him. 
He is moral and upright and a prominent member 
of the Catholic Church. 

The parents of our subject were .Tames and Ann 
(Farrell) Farrell, also natives of Ireland, where 
they spent their entire lives. They had a family 
of seven children, and our subject was the only 
one of the family who came to the United States. 
His ancestors for many generations, it is supposed, 
had lived in County Longford, where the parents 
spent their last days. 

HILIPP RAEMER. The town of Herkimer 
bas been remarkably fortunate in the num- 
ber of its prominent and wide-awake men 
who have, since coming within its borders, 
given to it, in a large measure, their fostering care. 
Many of these are emanations of the Fatherland, as 
was the subject of this sketch, who was born in 
Prussia, Aug. 25, 1834. Besides his interests in 
the village he has a good farm adjacent, and is 
generally considered well-to-do. Public-spirited 
and liberal, he not only takes an interest in the so- 
cial and financial welfare of his community, but is 
active in promoting the interests of the Evangeli- 
cal Church. 

In accordance with the laws and customs of his 
native country, our subject was plac^ed in school 

at an early age, where he pursued his studies quite 
steadily until a lad of fourteen years. He made 
his home with his parents on the farm, and was one 
of sis children born to John William and Alberte- 
nia (Elstdorf) Raemer, who were likewise natives 
of Prussia, and of pure German stock. They be- 
longed to the Evangelical Church, in the faith of 
which the mother died when a comparatively young 
woman. John Raemer was subsequently mariiea 
to Miss Margaret Rheinharth. He emigrated with 
his family to America in 1858, and after an ocean 
voyage of forty-nine da3's, thej- landed in New York 
City, and thence proceeded to Wisconsin, whence, 
in 1860, they came to this county. Locating on a 
tract of wild prairie land on section 11, Logan 
Township, the father improved the farm where he 
with his second wife spent his last days. 

When first becoming a land owner, our subjeitt pre- 
empted 160 acres on section 12, where he now lives, 
and from which a part of the village of Herk- 
imer was laid off. He put up substantial buildings, 
including a commodious house with a good barn and 
outbuildings, planted an orchard and brought his 
land to a good state of cultivation. He remembers 
the time when Indians still lingered in this region, 
and when Marysville was a mere hamlet. Later he 
added to his real estate possessions, and is now the 
owner of 320 acres, less about four acres, with 
which he has parted and which now comprises a 
part of the town site and a church block. He took 
an active part in the erection of the Evangelical 
Church edifice, donating an acre of ground where 
it is now l)elng built. Mr. Raemer was married 
March 3, 1868, to Miss Dortlia Fisher; she was the 
daughter of Frederick and Mena (Olendorf) Fisher. 
Mrs. Raemer was born in the village of Emten, 
Hanover, Germany, and removed with her parents 
to Will County, 111., and afterward removed to 
.Marshall County, Kan. Nine children have been 
born to Mr. and Mrs. Raemer, named respectively, 
Dena, Mena, Sophia. August, Philip, Edward, Katie, 
George and Dora. The eldest is twenty years old, 
and the youngest eighteen months. They make a 
very bright and interesting group, and will be giveu 
the education and training suitable to their station 
in life. 

During the late war Mr. Raemer was a member 



of the Kansas Home Guards under Capt. Frank 
Smith. He was connected with the church at 
Marysville until the spring of 1869, when an or- 
ganization was effected in Herkimer. He was a 
member of the Board of Trustees in Marysville, 
and held other positions of responsibility. He is a 
citizen who is held in high esteem, and whose 
opinions are generally respected. Politically, he 
was formerly a Republican, but is now independent 
in politics. 


P,ILLIAM KENNEDY. One of the sweet- 
est of American poets tells us that we all 
^^'^' are " architects of fate, working on the 
walls of time." How important, then, is it that 
we realize the necessity of building not for time, 
but for eternity, of building a structure so firm, 
so durable that the storms of trouble can only 
shake, but never destroy it. He of whom we write 
this brief record has certainly realized the impor- 
tance of life, and determined to obtain his share of 
this world's goods. Being of Scotch parentage, he 
possesses those sturdy, independent qualities, for 
which the natives of Scotland are famous the 
world over. 

Natives of Rossbire, Scotland, Donald and 
Mary (McDonald) Kennedy, were there married 
and there passed awaj-, and were laid to rest near 
where a large portion of their quiet existence had 
been passed. Passing through this world in a 
humble, industrious manner, thej- cared little for 
the fascinations of wealth and splendor, but prized 
more highly than these, the beauty of their little 
cottage home, and the love of those who had been 
their neighbors for many years. Of their seven 
children two were sons and five daughters, our sub- 
ject being the eldest in order of birth. He was 
born in the native place of his father and mother, 
in August, 1844. In company with his brother and 
sisters he was reared to years of maturity on the 
Scottish moorlands, and there developed the stur- 
diness of character and the excellent physical con- 
dition which are his proudest possessions. 

Leavinii all the ties of acquaintances made b}- 

years of pleasant associations, and braving the 
dangers of the deep, in 1872, Mr. Kenned3- crossed 
the Atlantic and came to the United States. Land- 
ing in New York, he proceeded to Stark Countj^ 
111., and there made his home with an uncle, Don- 
ald McDonald. This uncle lived on a farm, and 
his nephew was his energetic assistant for six years. 
Realizing that " Westward the star of empire wends 
its wa}^" he determined to once more change his 
residence and start again among strangers. In the 
winter of 1878 he came to Marshall County. Kan., 
and for one year rented land in Mar3'sville. After 
that he was able to purchase land for himself, buy- 
ing 120 acres of land in Mar3'sville Township, 
where he lived until about 1884; then, selling 
again, he located on his present estate, which com- 
prises 160 acres on section 5, Franklin Township. 
Here he has erected good buildings, and has also 
improved the land, giving his attention exclusivelj' 
to agriculture and stock-raising, in the latter mak- 
ing a specialty of Poland-China hogs. He votes 
with the Republican party, and is a strong be- 
liever in the truth and correctness of its princi- 

Fortunately or unfortunately, Mr. Kennedy has 
remained invincible to the charms of the ladies, 
and so far has paddled his own canoe. He is an 
energetic, progressive farmer, of whom his com- 
munity feel justl)' proud, and hope that his love 
for his home will prove too strong to allow him to 
ever desire to leave it for other fields of labor. 
His sister, Kate, looks after the domestic affairs of 
the house, and makes home pleasant for him. 

(|t-^^ENRY KRAMME is one of the large land 
'l/iV owners of Franklin Township, owing G40 
(^^ acres of well tilled land, upon which he has 
(^; erected good buildings and made such im- 
provements as are needful to the carrying on of 
the work of a successful agriculturist. He was 
born in Germany, Oct. 24, 1836. At the age of 
twenty-five he left his native land and emigrated 
to America, landing in New York City. From 
there he came to Chicago, HI., remaining but one 



week, when he came to Peru, in the same Mate, 
where he found employment in a coal shaft, and 
where he remained for seven j'ears. He then 
bought a farm in La Salle Coimtj-, 111., and en- 
gaged in agricultural pursuits in that count}' until 
1879, when he came to this State. Selecting this 
county and Franklin Township as his location, lie 
has ever since been a resident on section 21. 

Mr. Kranime was married in Lee County, 111., to 
Miss Alvena Branch, wlio was born in La Salle 
County, 111. They were the parents of four chil- 
dren — Louisa, August, Alvena and Anna. Mr. 
Kramme is an attendant of the Lutheran Church. 
He gives his support to the Democratic party. He 
devotes his attention strictly to the w^ork of farming 
and stock-raising, in which occupations he proves 
verv successful. 


\|JACOB REITEK was born in Elm Creek 
Township, this county, Oct. 4, 1861. Here 
he was reared, receiving his education in 
l^/' the district scliools. He is the son of John 
Reiter, whose sketch occupies another page in tiiis 
volume. In the spring of 1886 he visited South- 
ern Kansas, tiienee returning to his homo, and 
then journeying to Western Kansas and Colo- 
rado. In Sherman County, Kan., he took up a 
homestead of 160 acres. After two years' experi- 
ence in "-baching" there, he returned to this county, 
and in October, 1888, was married to Katie, daugh- 
ter of John Armstrong, of Walnut Township. Slie 
is a native of Chicago, III., wlience her parents re- 
moved to this county when she was seven years 
of age. She has been educated in the district 
schools of this count}', making excellent use of 
the advantages given her. (For history of her 
familj' see sketch of John Armstrong, which occu- 
pies another page in this work.) 

Our subject has rented a farm of 160 acres, ly- 
ing on section 36, Logan Township, where he car- 
ries on an active farm life. He is just beginning 
his career, with bright prospects before him, being 
an industrious, intelligent and moral man. He is a 
member of tlie Farmers' Alliance, of Marvsville. 

Both he and his v/ife are members of the Catholic 
Church, in the same city. His political adherence 
is given to the Republican party. 

JfJ OHN H. SCHEIBE. This gentleman, origi- 
I nally a weaver by trade, has proved conclu- 
l| sivelj' that a man may be master of more 
^1' than one industry, as he is now numbered 
among the well-to-do farmers of Walnut Townsliip. 
A native of the Kingdom of Prussia, he was born 
April 29, 1839, and was reared and educated under 
the laws of his native country, being pl.iced in 
school when a little lad of six years, and pursuing 
his studies until fourteen. Before reacliing his 
majority he learned the weaver's trade, at which he 
worked until a man of twent3'-five j-ears, then, in 
1864, set out for the United States. 

After an ocean voyage of seventeen days our 
subject landed safely in New York City, whence he 
proceeded directly to Marshall County, 111. After 
a few months sojourn there emplo3'ed at farming, 
he pushed on further Westward, across the Mississ- 
ippi, and early in the spring of 1865 we find him 
in this county. For two and one-half years there- 
after he was employed on the Northern Pacific 
Railroad, making his headquarters along the line; 
then, returning to this county, he purchased 160 
acres of land in Walnut Township, only twentj'-five 
of which were under the plow. That same season 
he also homesteaded 160 acres adjoining his origi- 
nal purchase, and he has now brought the whole 
320 acres to a good state of cultivation. 

One of the noticeable features on the farm of 
Mr. Scheibe is the commodious stone dwelling, 
which bids fair to stand for a century. He has 
also a frame barn, graneries, sheds, corn-cribs, and 
other buildings, and the whole premises has about 
it the air of thrift and plenty which is almost in- 
separable from the industrious German farmer. 
The land is nearly all enclosed with fencing, and 
1 20 acres is highly productive. The balance is in 
pasture and meadow. Tlie present dwelling stands 
upon the site of one which was torn down by a 
tornado. Much of the material was used in re- 



building, although it cost Mr. Scheibe about $500 
to reconstruct. This disaster occurred in the 
spring of 1878, when the liousehad only been built 
about one year. 

Our subject came to this coiintj- without means, 
and thus began at the foot of the ladder in the ac- 
cumulation of his possessions. He was married, Jan. 
20, 1870, to Miss Minnie, daughter of Henry Breu- 
neke, who, like himself, was of German birth and 
parentage, and wiio came to the United States with 
her father and mother in 1863. They at once located 
iu Illinois and lived four years, then moved to this 
county, and here Mr. Brenneke died in 1874. The 
mother, whose maiden name was Maria Hill, is still 
living and make? her home in Logan Township 
with her son. They were born in what was then 
llie Kingdom of Hanover, Germany, and reared in 
the doctrines of the Lutheran Church, to which 
they loyally adhered. 

The parents of our subject were also Lutherans 
in religious belief, to which church he and his fam- 
ily belong. His household circle was completed 
by the birth of seven children, the eldest of whom, 
a daughter, Anna, is the wife of Reinhart Froh- 
berg. a resident of Bremen. Christina. Herman. 
Bertha, Carolina, Sophia, and Albert Adam are at 
home with their parents. Mr. Scheibe makes a 
specialty of live-stock, keeping chiefly good cattle 
and Cl3'desdale horses. He uses several teams in 
the operation of his farm, and each j-ear adds 
something to his worldly possessions. He mixes 
very little with politics, but gives his support to 
the Democratic party. A peaceable and law-abid- 
ing citizen, he is contributing his full quota to the 
moral and financial welfare of the township, and is 
held in high esteem by his neighbors. 


yfelLLIAM LEWIS. Those who have been 
residents of Kansas for the past twenty 
W^ years or more, have witnessed great and 
startling changes in the aspect of the landscape and 
the face of the broad prairies. Where once stood 
the lonely cabin of the pioneer are now busy, 
bustling cities. Instead of the camp fires of the 

Indians gloaming in the distance, are now the 
brilliant lights devised b}' the ingenuity of man. 
Desert tracts have been made fertile, and raw prai- 
rie has been caused to bear bountiful harvests of 

jMr. and Mrs. William Lewis have been inter- 
ested lookers-on in these great revolutions, and 
have contributed their full quota of earnest en- 
deavor to produce the happy results that have 
been achieved. They have labored, in company 
with their neighbors, to cultivate and improve the 
wild land, and are now in possession of a fine 
estate, comprising 400 acres, in Marshall County, 
and located on section 26, Franklin Township. Mr. 
Lewis also owns a small tract of land in Ottawa 
County, this State, and some property in England, 
the land of his nativity. Upon their home farm 
there has been erected a comfortable residence, fur- 
nished with excellent taste and surrounded b}' the 
buildings necessary to successfully carry on a large 

Coming to the State of Kansas in 1869, our sub- 
ject and his family first made their home in Hia- 
watha for one year, where Mr. Lewis followed the 
occupation of a butcher, which he had become 
familiar with in England. Leaving that trade, he 
came to Franklin Township, and bought eighty 
acres of land, the nucleus of his present farm. This 
has subsequently been enlarged to its present pro- 
portions, and is well stocked, Mr. Lewis making a 
spocialtj' of Durham cattle. In this he has been 
usually prosperous, but has not neglected his 
farming interests, and has sowed and reaped the har- 
vests with unremitting industry. Nor has he over- 
looked the importance of his duties as a citizen, 
but has served with satisfaction in several local 
offices, and has endeavored bj' his vote to assist 
into official positions those whom he deems most 
worthy to be entrusted with the responsibilities 
thus devolving upon them. In matters of national 
importance he votes the Democratic ticket, being a 
strong supporter of their platform. He has dis- 
played his interest in educational affairs bj' serving 
as School Director, and was of assistance in ele- 
vating the standard of education in his district. 
He- has also occupied the position of Township 
Trustee, and has served as Constable and Road 



Overseer. He is notabl}-, in public and private 
life, a careful man, Uiouglitful, energetic, and in- 
fluential — a man whose word is always to be relied 
upon, and thus is an honor to his township .-ind to 
the country of his adoption. 

Both being born in England in 1841, Mr. and Mrs. 
Lewis grew to years of maturity amid the familiar 
scenes surrounding their parental homes, he assist- 
ing his father in his occupation as a butcher, and 
she making herself useful in her home, and learn- 
ing those lessons of industry atid econom\- which 
were so helpful to her in after years. Mrs. Lewis 
was Miss Maria Brewitt, a native of Lincolnshire, 
and was married in Yorkshire, Oct. 28, 1863. For 
six years succeeding their marriage, Mr. Lewis and 
his wife made their home in E!ngland,when, in 1869, 
they took passage for the United States, landing 
in New York, and thence coming immediately to 
Hiawatha, Kan. 

In lime the liousehold circle was increased by 
the presence of nine children, two of whom were 
taken away from their happy home before they had 
reached years of maturity. Their living children 
are: Robert J., Mary A., George W., Thomas H., 
,Emma J., Jonathan and Dick. All are at home 
with their parents. 

M. CHAFFEE. Pleasantly located on a 
farm of 334 acres of improved land on 
section 13, of Marysville Township, is one 
^ of the most attractive homes of tins 
county. The house is a well-built frame of iiome- 
like aspect, and comfortable surroundings. In it 
resides tlie subject of our sketch, his estimable wife 
and three bright children. 

His father, Charles Chaffee, was borne in Greene 
County, N. Y., and died in Bradford County, Pa., 
June 12, 1889. His mother was Adeline Horton, 
a native of Penns}'lvania. The parental family 
consisted of six children, of whom our subject was 
the fifth. He was born in Bradford County, Pa., 
Oct., 23, 1853. growing to manhood in his native 
county. He was reared on a f.-srm. receiving a 
thorough common school education. In 1878 he 

came to this county where he engaged in teaching 
for three years. He then settled on the land where 
he now resides. He was married at the residence 
of the bride's parents, J. M. and Helen V. (.Shaw) 
Elliott, of this county, on March 28, 1873, to Miss 
Adelia Elliott,. Tiie three children born of this 
union are Helen A., Wilmot M. and Beryl. 

Mr. Chaffee gives his entire attention to farming 
and stock-raising, and is a very active and progres- 
sive farmer. He takes a great interest in all edu- 
cational affairs, and has iield several school offices, 
discharging his duties with ability and judgment. 
In politics Mr. Chaffee is an earnest advocate of 
the principles of the Republican party. The life 
of Mr. Chaffee shows in a marked manner the suc- 
cess which is to be earned by the honest and enter- 
prising, in a quiet rural life. 

^( OSEPH STEHLIK, late of Logan Township, 
departed this life Dec. 14, 1888, at the age 
of flfty-four years. He died in the faith of 

the Catholic Church, in which he had been 

reared, and to which he gave a life-long allegiance. 
His widow and her children are still living on the 
farm which the father opened up from an unbroken 
tract of land, and of which the second son, Frank, 
has the man.-jgement. The latter is a young man 
highly respected in his community, moral, upright, 
and industrious, and is the chief counselor and sup- 
port of his widowed mothei', whose affairs he man- 
ages in a most wise and judicious manner. 

The subject of this sketch was born in the King- 
dom of Bohemia, wliere he spent the opening years 
of his life, and until reaching man's estate. He 
was occupied mostly in agricultural pursuits, and 
in due time was married to Miss Tresse Vavruaska, 
a native of his own Province, and like himself, a 
member of the Catholic Church, In the summer 
of 1870, they set out for America, and after a safe 
voyage, landed in New York City early in August. 
Thence they came directly to Logan Township, 
this count3', where Mr. Stehlik homesteaded eighty 
acres of land on section 18. Upon this ho made 
some improvements, then sold out and purchased 



160 acres, where his family' now live, and which oc- 
cupies the northeast quarter of section 19. Of th?s 
only about ten acres had been broken. Mr. Steh- 
liii put up a good frame house with a stable, wagon 
sheds, corn-cribs, and other necessarj' buildings, 
fenced the land, and brought the soil to a good 
state of cultivation. Here he spent his last days, 
and left to his famil}' a competence. 

Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Steh- 
iik. and named respectively: Joseph, Frank. West- 
\ey, Marj', Anna, John, and Adolph; they are all 
living, making their home with their mother. The 
family is greatly respected in the comnnunitj- on 
account of their moral worth, industrious habits, 
and general reliability-. 

jW_^EiS'RY SCHELL, a soldier of the Union 
iljjl! Army during the late Civil War, and now a 
aW^ well to-do farmer of Elm Creek Township, 
(^) is comfortably located on section 11, where 
he has 160 acres of choice land which, by a course 
of careful cultivation has yielded him such returns 
that he is now, financially, comparatively independ- 
ent. A native of France, he was born in Alsace- 
Loraine, Sept. 27, 1827, and lived there until a 
man of twenty-eight years. 

Receiving a common-school education, young 
Schell after completing his studies, occupied him- 
self variously until the age mentioned and then 
set out for America. He landed in New York Cit}-, 
and thence proceeded to^Cincinnati. Ohio, where 
he was employed on a river steamer as cook and in 
different capacities. Finallj' deciding to seek the 
farther AVest, he came into Doniphan County, this 
State, and purchased 160 acres of land on Inde- 
pendence Creek, five miles from the town of Doni- 
phan. Two years later, however, not being satisfied 
with the outlook, he sold out and established him- 
self in Rock Creek, Jefferson Co., Neb., where he 
lived one year. In 1860 he came to this county 
and homesteaded 160 acres on section 11, in P]lm 
Creek Township, of which he has since been a resi- 

Right in the midst of his early improvements, 

Mr. Schell found himself in sympathy with the 
Union cause, and during the second year of the war 
enlisted, in 1862, in Company B, 9th Kansas Cav- 
alry in which he served three years. While on the 
march he sustained a severe accident, having his 
right shoulder broken and receiving other serious 
injuries. He refused, however, to be permanently 
relieved from duty, and as soon as sufficientl}' re- 
covered rejoined his comrades in the field and 
remained with his regiment until the expiration 
of his term of service, when he received his honor- 
able discharge. 

After retiring from the service Mr. Schell came 
back to his farm in this county and has since unin- 
terruptedly followed agricultural pursuits. On Dec. 
25. 1861, he was married to Mrs. Nancj- (Jackson) 
Ricker,widow of Peter Rieker. Mrs. Schell was born 
near Rockford, Ind., March 13, 1828, and by her 
first marriage became the mother of five children, 
four of whom are living, viz. : Alonzo, Harvey, Ed- 
ward andLizzie. Of her union with our subject there 
have been born three children. William. Henry, 
and Amanda. The first mentioned died when a 
promising youth of sixteen years. Mr. Schell, po- 
litically, is a sound Republican but aside from 
serving as Overseer of Highways, has had very 
little to do with public affairs. As one of the old 
soldiers he is identified with Lyons Post. No. 9, 
G. .\. R.. at Marysville. 

■S/ OSIAH M. HAMMETT. This gentleman is 
I a most worthy representative of the agri- 
I cultural interests of Marshall County, and 
' he is a citizen who is held in high repute. 
He located in Elm Creek Township in 1870, and 
purchased 160 acres of land on section 20. where 
he has effected fine improvements. Perhaps the 
most noticeable of these is the substantial stone 
dwelling, together with other needed buildings and 
a goodlj' assortment of fruit and shade trees, which 
give to the place the air of comfort and plenty 
always delightful to look upon. The Hammett fam- 
ily occupies a high position in Elm Creek Town- 
ship, and Josiah M. is a brother of Benjamin J., 



now deceased, and whose biography appears on an- 
other page in this vohime. 

A native of Bowling Green, Ky., our subject was 
born Dee. 30, 1818, and is tlie son of William and 
Anna (Oliphant) Hammett, who settled there soon 
after their marriage. Thence they reuioved to 
Warren County, but later emigrated to Illinois, and 
settled near Chillicothe, in Peoria County, where 
they spent the remainder of their lives. Josiah M. 
was one of the younger children of the seven born 
to them, and was nine years old when the family 
removed to Illinois. He lived at home with his 
parents until a young man of about twenty years, 
and up to this time had assisted his father on the 
farm both in Kentuck}' and Illinois. He afterward 
was engaged in buying and shipping produce 
on the Illinois River for a short time, and then 
took charge of an hotel in Sparland, Marshall Co., 
111. Aside from these brief interruptions, he has 
given his attention wholly to farming since l)oy- 
bood, and consequently has a thorough acquaint- 
ance with this vocation. 

In Peoria County, 111., our subject was first mar- 
ried to Miss Rachel Frazier. a native of New York 
State, and they settled near Cliillicothe, where they 
lived with the exception of the time spent at Spar- 
land, until coming to this county, in 1866. Here 
INIr. Hammett secured land on section 20, Elm 
Creek Township, where he has since lived. Of this 
union there were born ten children, viz: George T., 
Benjamin A., Edgar, who died in infancy, Francis 
W.. Cornelius O., Lillias V., Mary E.. Albert D., 
William P., and another child who died unnamed 
in infanc}'. Mrs. Racliel (Frazier) Hammett de- 
parted this life at the homestead in Elm Creek 
Township, in June. 1884. She was a lady posses- 
sing many excellent qualities, was a devoted wife 
and mother, and greatly beloved by her family and 
friends, by whom her name is held in affectionate 

Mr. Hammett contracted a second marriage in 
Mar3sville, this county, June 20, 1886, with Mrs. 
Minerva (Carnrike) McMahon, daughter of Jacob 
and Margaret (Click) Carnrike. and widow of Perry 
McMahon. who died in Ft. Wayne, Ind., June 20, 
1872. The present wife of our subject was born 
in Fairfield County, Ohio, Sept. 25, 1844, and came 

to this county with her brother in 1 886. Her par- 
ents were natives of New York and Ohio, respect- 
ively, and are now deceased. She is a member in 
good standing of the Presbyterian Church. 

Our subject, politically, is in sympathy with the 
Union Labor movement. He has been quite promi- 
nent in local affairs, and in the fall of 1888 was 
elected Justice of the Peace, t)ie duties of wiiich 
office he is discharging in a manner reflecting great 
credit upon himself, and with satisfaction to his 

-^ ^^>^ ^ 

bYMAN H. HAMMETT, a son of the late 
) Benjamin Hammett, of Elm Creek Town- 
. I ship, has for the past four years occupied a 

part of the old homestead on section 20, and is the 
owner of 240 acres of thoroughly cultivated land. 
He has recently erected a very neat and substanti;il 
dwelling, replacing the one which was destroyed 
by fire on the 6lh of Februar}', 1888. In addition 
to general agriculture he makes a specialtj- of 
stock-raising and sells considerable wood. Al- 
though perhaps not the hero of any vei'y thrilling 
event, he maintains a worthy position as a member 
of the community, and does honor to the race from 
which he sprang. 

Our subject was the tiiird in a family of six chil- 
dren born to Benjamin and Rebecca (Robb) Ham- 
mett, a sketch of whom appears elsewiiere in this 
volume. He was born at the homestead, a part of 
which he now occupies, Sept. 6, 1860, and here he 
has spent the greater part of his life. He was re- 
quired at an early age to make himself useful, and 
received a careful home training with a practical 
education in the common school. He remained a 
member of the parental household until after pass- 
ing the twenty-fifth j-car of his age, ami was then 
married. Dec. 23, 1885, to Miss Lettie M., daugh- 
ter of Joseph M. and Catherine (Hoskins^ Callen. 
of Sparland, Marshall Co., III. The newly wedded 
pair commenced the journej' of life together upon 
tlie site of their present dwelling, and Mr. Ham ■ 
mett is making of agriculture a success. 

The wife of our subject was born in Sp.nrland. 



111., March 8, 1866, and of their union there are 
two children — Maude and Vernon. Mr. Hammett 
takes an active interest in politics, and in former 
years affiliated with the Democratic party. He is 
now in sympathy with the Union Labor movement. 
In the Presbyterian Church at Marysville he is an 
active member and Deacon. Active, eueigetic and 
public-spirited, he occupies a position in the front 
rank among the representative men of his commu- 
nity, and gives his uniform support and encourage- 
ment to the [irojects calculated to advance the 
interests of the people. Mrs. Hammett is a mem- 
ber in good standing of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. They have a very pleasant home and 
hosts of friends. Mr. Hammett is a member of the 
A. F. & A. M. Lodge No. 91, Marysville. 

dm OHN REITER. The Reiter farm makes a 
11 very handsome picture in the landscape of 
i; Elm Creek Township, being located near its 
fj northwest corner on section 7. In all its 

appointments there are evidences of thrift and in- 
dustry which characterize the proprietor. The 
buildings are comfortable and substantial, and 
everj'thing about the premises is indicative of 
comfort and plenty, from the well-fed live stock to 
the household, comprising the father and children, 
who form a group of more than ordinary intelli- 
gence. The family met with a great affliction in 
the death of the wife and mother, Mrs. Catherine 
(Brandenberger) Reiter, who departed this life on 
June 29, 1887, and, who was deeply mourned, not 
only by her immediate family, but b^' a large cir- 
cle of friends. Mrs. Reiter was a lady possessing all 
the womanly virtues, and set before her household 
a high example of devotion to their best interests 
and the affectionate care which seemed to be the 
controlling impulse of her life. Her name will be 
held in tender remembrance until she is joined by 
her loved ones in another sphere. 

The subject of this sketch is a native of Ger- 
many, and was born Sept. 5, 1833. He attended 
sclio:il from the time he was a lad of six 3'ears un- 

til fourteen years old, and afterward served an 
apprenticeship of six 3'ears at the blacksmith trade. 

Then a young man of twentj' j^ears, dissatisfied 
with the prospects held out to him in his native 
land, he embarked on a sailing vessel for America, 
and landed in Philadelphia, Pa., whence he soon 
repaired to New .Jersey. He was there employed 
on a farm for two months, then returning to Penn- 
sylvania and working in the mines near Pottsville 
two months. We next find him in the city of New 
Orleans, La., where he sojourned until the spring 
of 1854, engaged as a wood-cutter. His next ob- 
jective point was Vicksburg, Miss., where he was 
employed in a soap factory two months. Then 
returning to Louisiana, he was engaged on the levee 
two months, after which he proceeded to Memphis, 
Tenn., and worked in a sawmill one month. St. 
Joseph, Mo., was his next stopping place, and from 
there he emigrated to Omaha, Neb., looking for 
work, but not finding it at that point. He then 
retvu-ned to St. Joseph, and afterward made his wa3' 
to Leavenworth, this State. 

Our subject then hired out as a teamster to go 
across the plains, and from there went to Salt Lake 
City, and during the summer of 1858 was employed 
by the Government at Ft. Supply a year, the 
Fort being located forty miles south of Salt Lake 
Citj'. We n-sxt find him established on a tract of 
land in Elm Creek Township, of which he has been 
a resident since 1859, and during this time has 
devoted his attention mainly to the improvement 
and cultivation of his landed possessions. In the 
meantime, in 1862. he removed to section 7. and 
has now 440 acres of land, embellished with good 
buildings; he has fenced and cross-fenced his 
fields, planted fruit and shade trees and added from 
time to time to the value and beauty of his prop- 
erty. He has for some years been one of the 
School Directors in his district, and with his family 
belongs to St.Gregory's Catholic Church, in Marys- 

To Mr. and Mrs. Reiter there were born eight 
children, viz: Jacob, who married Miss Katie 
Armstrong, and is a farmer in Logan Township; 
Elizabeth the wife of Albert Maeska, who is also a 
farmer in Logan Townshi]); Katie A., Martin, 
Nicholas, George, Josephine and .loiin reside witli 

HesidenceofGeorge Cebbie Sec, 4. Centre Towkiship 

Residence: of John Reiter, Sec.T Elm Creek Township. 



their father at the old homestead. Mr. and Mrs. 
Reiter were married in Marysville, this county, 
Feb. 9, 1861. Mrs. Reiter was also a native of 
Germany, and born March 17, 1843. She was thus 
at the time of her decease in the prime of life, 
only a little over forty-four years of age. 

In politics Mr. Reiter is, and always has been, a 
a stanch supporter of the principles of tlie Repub- 
lican parly. 

We invite the attention of our many readers to a 
handsome lithographic view of the home and sur- 
roundings on the farm of Mr. Reiter, which is one 
of the most be.iutiful and j)ieturesque liomesteads 
in Elm Creelv Township. 

w ^^ ^^ 

^^EORGE GEBBIE, a general farmer and 
III g— . stock-raiser on section 4, in Center Town- 
^^ sliip, Marsliall County, may be classed 
prominently among those men, who from humble 
beginnings have worked tlieir way toward the top 
rounds of the ladder of success, and while gaining 
an independent footing financially, have not neg- 
leciedto cultivate the social qualities, which endear 
a man to those with whom he is thrown in daily 
contact. A devoted father, a tender husband, a 
faithful friend, he has many warm admirers among 
his neighbors, who know him to be generous to the 
needy and charitable toward the erring. 

Of Scotch ancestry, Mr. Gebbie is a native of 
that land famous for its sturdy sons and fair daugh- 
ters, and was born Nov. 22, 1839. In the land of 
the thistle and the gorse he grew to a robust man- 
hood, developing a strong and athletic frame dur- 
ing those years of rugged exposure. Before, 
however, a quarter of a century of years had passed 
over his head, he wisely concluded that if the 
future held for him any great good he must seek it 
in another land. Scotland was the land of his 
youth, and to him the dearest of all lands, but the 
road to prosperity there was almost as insurmount- 
able as were her rocky crags and loft}' peaks. 

Before leaving forever his native country, that 
"peerless jewel of the sea," Mr. Gebbie had taken 
unto himself a helpmate, who has during all the 

succeeding years been to him of inestimable value, 
far more precious than gold and jewels, and who 
has by a life of purity and goodness, exemplified 
the words of that wise man of old concerning the 
worth of a good woman, who looketh well to the 
ways of her household. She became the wife of 
Mr. Gebbie June 6, 1862, and has been his faithful 
companion during all these ensuing years. Her 
maiden name was Mary Bain, and she was born in 
Scotland. Oct. 17, 1842, and is the daughter of 
Alexander and Mary (Findley) Bain, the latter of 
whom has resided with the family of our sul)ject 
ever since the marriage of her daughter. Unto 
our subject and his wife seven children were born, 
thus recorded: Belinda, Thomas, Ocelia, Geanie, 
Alexander, Lillie. Nettie H. Belinda, an accom- 
plished young lady, married Martin J. Bender, and 
resides in Center Township. Ocelia is the wife of 
John J. Hall, and they also reside in this township. 
The remaining children are all at home, and are 
naturally the object of their parents' most devoted 
care and affection, which they fully reciprocate. 
Among the refined and pleasant young people of 
this county, it would be difficult to find any more 
loveable in disposition, more refined in taste, or 
more noble in ambitions than the children of these 
worthy parents. 

Believing in the efficiency of education to remedy 
the great and increasing evils of this day, Mr. 
Gebbie has shown his interest in the development 
of the mind by serving with his characteristic abil- 
ity as School Director. Indeed so satisfactorily 
has he filled this position that his fellow citizens 
have re-elected him to the responsibilities of the 
office many succeeding years. Politically, he is 
independent, and casts his ballot in local elections 
to assist into office the man he considers best 
qualified to hold the position in question. Deeply 
concerned also in things spiritual, Mr. Gebbie and 
his wife are identified with the Christian Church, 
the principles of which they earnestly believe in, 
and steadfastly adhere to. 

Upon coming to America our subject was accom- 
panied by his wife and one child, and when Ihe 
ship came to anchor in the harbor of New York, 
they proceeded directly to Peoria, 111., where they 
lived six and one-half jears, and where Mr. Gebbie 



was engaged in mining. Not finding that pursuit 
lucrative or pleasant, he emigrated to Kansas in 
the spring of 1871, coming to Marsliall County, 
and locating on section 4 of Center Township, where 
he homesteaded the first fort}' acres, included in his 
present possessions. He has erected a neat and 
cozy residence, a fine view of which appears else- 
where and which is filled with evidences of the 
taste of the inmates. He has increased the acreage 
of his farm to 240, and gives his attention almost 
exclusively to farming and stoclv-raising. In the 
success he has met with, he has received the co- 
operation of his noble wife, and it is in no small 
measure due to her earnest efforts in his behalf and 
her ambition for the future of her offspring, that 
our subject has attained financial independence^ 
and is enabled to not only provide handsomely for 
bis children, but has sufficient to secure the old age 
of himself and his beloved companion from penury. 

DHOMAS C. RANDOLPH. Although yet 
:n the prime of life this gentleman is a 
■veteran" of the late Civil War. He served 
with faithfulness and courage during almost the 
entire period of national strife, having enlisted in 
June, 18G1, and served until mustered out at Har- 
risburg, Pa. He is also a well-known and successful 
teacher, and was for many j-ears in the front rank in 
that profession. Consequently he is highly inter- 
ested in the cause of education, and does whatever 
lies in his power to advance the standard of learn- 
ing, and promote the character of the school sys- 
tem. In fighting for his country, endangering life 
itself for the Union, and in rearing the children 
entrusted to his care, to take their places in the 
world as lionorable men and women, well-fitted by 
thorough instruction to cope with all the trials 
awaiting them, he has discharged his duty to so- 
cict}-, and merited the cherished encomium, " well 

He of whom we write was born in Butler Countj', 
Pa., in tlie town of Portersville, on the 24th of Jan- 
uary. 1845. to Dr. W. J. and Margaret S.J(Christy) 
Rand(>li)h. also natives of Butler County. There 

they were married and lived until the latter part of 
the war, removing then to Buford, 8. C, where 
the mother died in 1864. Dr. Randolph removed 
from South Carolina, in 1870. to Riley County, 
Kan., which is his present home. He was a sur- 
geon during tiie Rebellion, and is an able practi- 
tioner, having liad in youth a thorough medical 
education at the Cleveland Medical College, where 
he was graduated. 

Dr. Randolph and his wife had a family of ten 
children, of whom four died in infancy or child- 
hood. Of the remaining six who lived to matur- 
ity, the subject of this .sketch was the eldest. The 
earh' portion of his life was quietly and happily 
passed in Butler and Lawrence counties. Pa., and 
there he attended the country schools of those 
days, but was allowed a better education than was 
common at that time, as he was for one and one-half 
years a student at New Wilmington, Pa. 

About this time the clouds of tlie coming tem- 
pest were beginning to gather over the countr}'. 
and in common with other patriotic bo3^s our sub- 
ject was intensely interested in the vital questions 
tlien agitating the minds of all loyal citizens. 
Wlien finally the storm burst with all its force on 
the devoted heads of the patriots, be, altliough only 
sixteen and one-half-years of age, was fired with a 
desire to serve his nation, and preserve it from 
disruption. Accordingly he enlisted in Company 
F, 100th Pennsylvania Infantry, and was a brave 
soldier until peace came again to his countrj-. 
Among the general engagements in which he parti- 
cipated were the following: Fredericksburg, siege 
of Vicksburg, siege of Knoxville, battle of the Wil- 
derness, Spotts\'lvania. Cold Harbor, Petersi)urg, 
and numerous others. He was an active partici- 
pant in the mine assault of Petersburg, and was 
promoted to the rank of Sergeant- during the latter 
part of the war. He was mustered out at Harris- 
burg, Pa., and then returned to his old home in 
Lawrence County, Pa. 

Our subject was now about twenty years old, 
and the fall following liis return home, attended 
the Commercial College at Pittsburg, Pa. He was 
a student there nearly six months, but left to make 
his home in South Carolina, wliere he engaged in 
planting cotton in the Sea Islands for two j'ears. 



This was an occupation not entirely suited to his 
taste, and he therefore removed to the vicinity of 
St. Charles, Mo., where he was a teacher for seven 
years. In tliis, as in everything else he attempted, 
he was successful, as he thought whatever is worth 
doing at all, is worth doing well. 

Again changing his location, in 1875 Mr. Ran- 
dolph came West to Marshall County, Kan., and 
purchased forty acres on section 7, Franklin Town- 
shij), which has since been his home. Besides look- 
ing after his farming interests, he has devoted some 
time to teaching since residing in Kansas. 

The faithfid companion, the thoughtful wife, the 
devoted mother, through all these years, was in her 
girlhood Miss Mattie H. Tarvin, with whom our 
subject was united in marriage in Marj'sville, Kan., 
April I, 1877. She is the daughter of George "W. 
Tarvin (see sketch elsewhere in this work), and 
was born in Campbell County, Ky., Aug. 24, 1855. 

Their family circle has been enlarged by the 
birth of six children, herewith enumerated: John 
P., Annie M., Geraldine, Ralph, Thomas C, Jr., 
an<l William G. Thomas C. died when about nine 
months old. 

Mr. Randolph, in his political affiliations is allied 
witli the Republican party, and has been Clerk of 
his township. lie and his wife are sincere mem- 
bers of the Methodist Church, and try in every 
wa}- possible to increase the happiness and comfort 
of those around them, never allowing the hungry 
and needy to be turned away empty-handed, when 
they are deserving of aid. Mr. Randolph is a 
member of Lyon Post No. 29, G. A. R., and com- 
mands universal respect among his comrades. 


jfSAAC B. HOLLOWAY, veterinary surgeon. 
il| was one of the earliest settlers of this county as 
/ll well as one of its most prominent and favor- 
ably known citizens. He has devoted considerable 
time and attention to the study of medicine, and is 
one of the most successful veterinary surgeons of 
this part of the State. In all respects he is worthy 
of more than a passing mention in a book purport- 

ing to contain the life histories of the representa- 
tive citizens of Marshall County. It was the earnest 
labor of such men as Mr. Holloway, that has con- 
tributed in a material degree to make this county 
one of the foremost in all the length and breadth 
of the State. 

Mr. Holloway was born near Toledo, Ohio, Feb. 
5, 1841, and there enjoyed the years of boyhood 
after a manner similar to other hoys of the day, as- 
sisting in the farm work and studying the "three 
R's" for a few months of the year. When fifteen 
years of age he came to Kansas, accompanying 
"Father Henry," who was a missionary amono- the 
Indians, and with him our subject remained a time. 
Three years after his own removal from Ohio his 
father. Noah Holloway, and step-mother, Mary A. 
(Hall) Holloway, followed the "star of Empire" in 
its westward course and located in Doniphan 
County, Kan., which was their home for a short 
period. Locating in this county in 1860, on sec- 
tion 35, the father here jsassed the remaining por- 
tion of life allotted to him, passing to rest Feb. 1 1 , 
1878. The step-mother lives with her son Jacob. 
(See sketch elsewhere in this volume.) 

As he approached manhood, Isaac B. Hollo- 
way was possessed of a laudable desire and deter- 
mination to make a home of his own, and entered 
160 acres of land on section 35, where he now lives. 
With praiseworthy perseverance and unremitting 
industry he has labored from daylight to darkness, 
through the short, cold days of winter and the long, 
enervating heat of summer, alwa3's animated by his 
hopes of future comfort and competence. He now 
is the fortunate owner and manager of a well-im- 
proved and carefull3' cultivated farm of fertile soil, 
on which each year the grain springs forth abund- 
antly. Upon his estate he has erected a good frame 
dwelling, a fine stone barn, besides corn-cribs, and 
all other outbuildings necessary to a well-regulated 
modern estate. His farm is chiefly fenced, and has 
an orchard containing about sevent^'-flve trees of 
choice apples. He also pays considerable attention 
to stock-raising, and makes a specialty of Clydes- 
dale horses, of which he has some splendid speci- 

Not unaided has Mr. Holloway been in attaining 
this pleasant result, but has for many vears had the 



assistance of her to whom he was married Jan. 7, 
1863. Her maiden name was Margaret Bartlow, 
her parents being James F. and Rebecca (West) 
Bartlow, natives of Campbell County. Kj. Leav- 
ing that State in 1858 they came to Doniphan 
County, Kau., and later, in 1860, located in this 
county, in Herkimer Township, where the mother 
passed away in April, 1804. The father lives near 
Waterville, this county. 

The happy home established by our subject was 
not without the music of childish voices, for he and 
his wife became the parents of two children. Harry 
D. and Hattie. the latter now Mrs. Frank Maxwell. 
(See sketch of James Maxwell). In political atfll- 
iatioDS Mr. HoUoway is a Democrat, and has held 
the office of Clerk of the township, besides other 
local offices. 

By parental ancestry Mr. HoUowaj- is of Welsh 
origin, the grandfather being supposed to be a na- 
tive of Wales or of direct Welsh descent. Our 
subject is also of English descent, his maternal 
grandfather, Thomas Hunt, probably being a native 
of England. Amanda (Hunt) Holloway, the mother 
of the subject of this sketch died in 1843, in Ohio. 
The ancestors of our subject on both sides were 
members of the "Shaker" community in Ohio and 
died in that faith. 

Manj- and varied are the transformations that 
have been witnessed by the pioneers of this part of 
the West, and much food for reflection may be 
furnished by conversation with those brave fore- 
runners of civilization, who left happy, comforta- 
ble homes in the East, to prepare a way for coming 
generations in the grand Western country. Mr. 
Holloway well remembers when these beautiful 
prairies were the abiding places of buffalo, wild 
turkey, deer, elk, antelope, wolves, and various 
kinds of wild game , including the Mexican lion. 
This part of the State was then the home and hunt- 
ing grounds of Indians, some civilized, some sav- 
age. On the night of the birth of Mr. Holloway's 
eldest child, hundreds of Indians were in the vicin- 
ity of the house, but they were not hostile and did 
no harm. The Otoes, Oraahas, Shawnees, Pawnees, 
and other tribes were here for some time after our 
subject located in this township. Many tiroes were 
the families, alone and unprotected, frightened by 

the sudden appearance of the "red man", with his 
implements of warfare. This was peculiarly the 
case between the jears of 1861 and 1865, the per- 
iod when our Union was threatened with destruc- 
tion, and the Republic was tottering on the proud 
pinnacle of glory, where a happ3', united nation 
had placed it. The Indians, participating in the 
national excitement, would often invade peaceful 
communities and create havoc, leaving behind them 
only the ruins of hitherto quiet, happy homes. The 
family of our subject was unusualh' fortunate, nor 
was their neighborhood molested seriously. At one 
time a group of savages came to the door of the 
house when Mr.Holloway was absent, and demanded 
something to eat. This demand was immediately 
gratified as far as possible, and they departed 
peacefully. Amid all these troubles and excitements 
our subject did not once forsake his new home, 
but remained and assisted to make tiie county a 
beautiful one, noted as one of the most fertile and 
most carefully cultivated of any in the State of 



\t7 OUIS HANKE. The West affords many 
il /?S) examples of what are styled self-made men, 
j'^^, but none more striking than is our subject, 
who landed in America at the age of twenty-one 
j-ears, his worldly possessions being limited to his 
clothing and the sum of one and one-half cents. 
His capital consisted of an education obtained un- 
der the noted system of Prussia, a healthy body, 
and an abundance of ph3'sical energy and deter- 
mination. He is now in possession of 320 acres of 
land in a high state of cultivation, upon which are 
the usual improvements made by an enterprising 
and progressive farmer, and notwithstanding the 
fact that he has as security for another been a loser 
to the extent of f5,000, his finances are upon a. 
good basis. 

Our subject was born in Prussia April 2. 1836. 
In the year 1858 he came to America, the voyage, 
which was made on the sail shiji " Leotine," occu- 
pying five weeks. He landed at New York, in 
August and spent a couple of months in the em- 
ploy of a gardener near that city. He then went 



to Buffalo, near which place he worked upon a farm 
during the winter, receiving the compensation of 
Si6 per month for his labors. In the spring of 
1859 he removed to Piatt County. Mo., where he 
worked by the day. He there joined the Home 
Guards in 1861. and later became a member of the 
State Militia. In the fall of 1886 he came to this 
county and with money which he had saved while 
in Jlissouri, he bought 160 acres of land adjoining 
the same amount which he had homesteaded. and 
lying on section 17 Walnut Township. 

The parents of our subject, John and Anna 
(Korff) Hanke, were of Prussian birth and ances- 
try. The father died in his native land and the 
mother came to America and breathed her last in 
Marys ville. Both parents were members of the 
Catliolic Church. The wife of our subject, in her 
maidenhood was Miss Caroline Meisner, to whom 
he was married in this county, Dec. 16, 1872. She 
is of Prussian birth and ancestry. She is a mem- 
ber of the Lutheran Church as were her parents. 
She is the mother of five children — Anna, Mary, 
John, pjUima, and Katie, all living and brightening 
the home fireside. 

Mr. Hanke has served as Justice of the Peace in 
this county for four years, and has also occupied 
the positions of Road Overseer and School Director. 
He is a progressive and enterprising farmer, a 
thoroughh^ reliable citizen, and an honorable man, 
deserving of the success which he has attained. 

<^, OHN L. JOHNSON. The best thitig which 
I ever befel Marshall County, was the class of 
men who settled within its borders. The 
elements maj^ be favorable, the air pure, the 
streams clear and the land fertile, but unless there 
are moving spirits to take advantage of these, agri- 
culture would necessarilj- be a failure. Among 
those who the most readily availed themselves of 
these adjuncts to successful farming, Mr. Johnson 
may be most properly numbered, as he occupies no 
secondary place in the farming community. A 
lifelong experience at this business has given him 

a full knowledge of it, which he has turned to the 
best account. He owns 160 acres of the best farm- 
ing land in Elm Creek Townslii|i, finely located on 
section 24, and with the exception of two years 
spent in conducting a livery stable in Marysville, 
he has given to it his time and attention since 
1881. He has brought the soil to a high state of 
cultivation, erected good buildings, planted forest 
and fruit trees, and surrounded himself and his 
family with all of the comforts and many of tlie 
luxuries of life. 

A native of Scandanavia, Mr. Johnson was born 
in the southern part of Norwajs near Begron, 
March 1, 1849. He lived there until a youth of 
eighteen years, then set out for America, landing 
first in the city of Quebec, Canada. Thence he 
emigrated to Madison, Wis., and was a resident of 
the Badger State probably one year, working in a 
livery stable, and was employed in a hotel about 
one year. He then worked in a plow factory 
some two years, but later was again employed in an 
hotel for some time. 

From Wisconsin Mr. Johnson went southeast- 
ward into Stephenson County, III., where he worked 
on a farm about one year. Subsequently he was 
employed in a livery stable at Freeport, and a year 
later, ' crossing the Mississippi, came into Jewell 
County, Kan., where, in 1871, he took up a claim. 
Not being satisfied, however, with the outlook in 
that region, he only staid there a short time, and 
we next find him on a farm in the vicinity of 
Atchison, where he was employed one season. 
Then returning to Jewell County, he made some 
improvements on his claim, and finally emigrated 
to this county, and for the next seven 3'ears was 
emploj'ed in a flouring-mill. At the expiration of 
this time he purchased 160 acres of land on section 
24 in Elm Creek Township, where he has since, 
with the exception of the two 3'ears spoken of, 
made his home. After selling out his livery stable 
in Marysville. he conducted a similar establishment 
in Frankfort, this county, for about one j-ear, and 
then was satisfied to return to his farm. 

Our subject was married in Marysville, this 
county, Oct. 16, 1875, to Miss Charlotte Anderson, 
a native of Sweden. Thej- are now the parents of 
two bright children, a son and a daughter, Fred M. 



and Elnora E. In addition to general farming Mr. 
Johnson is considerably- interested in stock-rais- 
ing, in which he lias been very successful. Both 
he and his wife are prominentlj- connected with 
the Baptist Ciiurch. Politically, Mr. Johnson 
supports the principles of the Republican party. 

The father of our subject was Peter Johnson, a 
native of Norway, of Scotch descent, his father 
being a native of Scotland, and was there married 
to Miss Martha Olsen, a native of the latter coun- 
try. He died in Norway in 1849. The mother is 
still living at tlie old homestead in Norway, and is 
now quite well advanced in years. They were the 
parents of two children only, of whom our subject 
was the second born. The other was a daughter. 


j^LEXANDER M. STALEY. The biogra- 
WjUv pher in his migrations seldom encounters a 

jnt more hospitable and pleasant home than 
1^ that which has been built up by Mr. 
Staley and his agreeable' life partner. Avarice and 
greed are unknown to them, and they extend both 
to friend and stranger tliat cordial welcome which 
is one of the evidences of good birth and breeding. 
The snug farm of eighty acres is under a good state 
of cultivation, and embellished with comfortable 
buildings. Mr. Staley secured possession of this 
in 1882. and has since given to it his best efforts, 
making a vast improvement in its original condi- 
tion; he came to Water ville, however, ten years 
previous. The homestead is pleasantly located on 
section 31, Elm Creek Township. 

A native of Allegheny County, Pa., our subject 
was born Sept. 10, 1834, and is the son of Jacob 
and Margaret (j\Iiller) Staley, who were likewise 
natives of that county, and the mother, the daugh- 
ter of Gideon Miller, an old and well-known resi- 
dent. In 1844, when our subject was a lad of ten 
years, his parents removed to Crawford County, 
Ohio, where Alexander M. sojourned until 1853. 
Then setting out for the farther West, he crossed 
the Mississippi into Linn County, Iowa, where he 
was joined by his parents a j'ear later. 

Our suVijpct still having a desire to see some- 

thing of the farther West, finally went to Colorado, 
and during the second year of the war, he. in Octo- 
bor, 1862, enlisted in Company A, 2d Colorado 
Cavalry, was promoted to Sergeant, and remained 
in the service of his country until August, 1865. 
The war being then ended, he returned to Iowa and 
resumed farming. 

In September, 1868, Mr. Staley visited Ohio and 
was there married to Miss Anna E., daughter of 
Maitland and Magdalena (Seeiy) Wiltse. Imme- 
diately after marriage they went to Tama County', 
Iowa, remaining until June, 1872, then came to 
Waterville, remaining until 1875, then farmed four 
years and returned to Waterville, and iu 1882 
came to his present farm. Of this he took possess- 
ion in March, 1882, and here he has since lived. 
Among other improvements noticeable, is the sub- 
stantial stone dwelling, which forms a safe and 
comfortable shelter from the storms of winter and 
the heat of summer. The barn and outbuildings 
bear fair comparison with those of his neighbors, 
and there is about the place a general air of comfort 
and solidity which speaks well for the proprietor. 

There have been born to Mr. and Mrs. Stalej' 
two daughters — Yerona M. and Grace E. Our 
subject and his wife are members in good standing 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and Mr. 
Staley, socially', as an ex-soldier, belongs to Robert 
Hale Post No. 328, G. A. R., in Blue Rapids. He 
votes the straight Republican ticket, and served 
one term as Justice of the Peace. Aside from tliis 
he has avoided the responsibilities of office. 

^^RYINE C. HINER, of Logan Township. 

' .@/u| [ is numbered among its younger and most 
//( li) enterprising farmers and has made manj' 
^jl friends since establishing himself here, in 

1888. The farm he is now operating is owned bj' 
his mother-in-law. It comprises 120 acres. He 
was born in Columbiana Countj', Ohio, July 22, 
1851. where he obtained the rudiments of his 
education and later officiated as pedagogue of the 
district school. In the meantime he did not aban- 
don his studies and subsequentl}- pursued tiiem in 



Mt. Union College, Stark County, taking a course 
in the law department which he contemplated mak- 
ing his profession in life. He entered upon his 
career as an attorney in Canton, Ohio, after having 
been admitted to the bar of the Supreme Court at 
Columbus, Maj' 24, 1880. He followed his prac- 
tice in Canton until the summer of 1888, and on 
the 5th of June, that year, started for the farther 
West, arriving in this county in due time. 

Ill Pans, Stark Co., Ohio, Mr. Hiner was married 
in 1874 to Miss Maude, daughter of Benjamin and 
Amanda H. (Martin) Estep. Mrs. Hiner was born 
in Findle}', Ohio, and when less than a year old 
moved with her parents to Paris, where her father 
died in the year 1882. The mother subsequently 
joined her daughter and is now living with our 
subject. Mr. Hiner employs himself as a teacher 
during the winter season and superintends the op- 
eration of his farm all the j'ear round. He sought 
the West on account of ill health and finds himself 
greatly improved. 

The parents of our subject were Henry and Emily 
(Irey) Hiner and they were born in Ohio, where the 
mother died in 1871. His father is still living in 
Canton, that State. They became members of the 
Friends' Church early in life, in the faith of which 
our subject was carefully reared. Henry Hiner 
was married to Mrs. Mary Barton after the death 
of his first wife and there were born three children, 
Joseph, Ada and Ida, the latter two being twins. 
Of the first marriage there were born five children, 
namely, Arvine C, our subject, Cicero, Elizabeth, 
Eden and Harrison. The paternal grandfather, 
John Hiner, was a native of Pennsylvania and spent 
his last daj's in Paris, Ohio. Grandfather Dawson 
Ire}', was likewise a native of the Keystone Slate 
and died in Columbiana County, Ohio. 

To the parents of Mrs. Hiner there were born 
five children, of whom she is the eldest and of 
whom four survive. Her maternal grandfather, 
Rudoli)hus Martin, was a native of Maryland and 
was married in Pennsylvania to Bahama Uncles, a 
native of Pennsylvania. They removed to Ohio 
and died in Paris of which they had been residents 
many years. Her paternal grandfather, Henry 
Estep, was born in Germany and was of pure Ger- 
man stock. He married Abigail Anderson, a native 

of Ireland, and died in Delphi, Ind. Grandmother 
Estep died at P:vansville, 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. Hiner are the parents of two sons, 
Ernest C. and James M. Mr. Hiner, while a resi- 
dent of Ohio, identified himself with the Knights 
of Pythias and the Chosen Friends. Politically, 
he is a Democrat. 

^ HARLES KERSCHEN. It is not alone to 
V li) ^^^^^^'^ ™'-"" *''^'' ^^ ^'■6 indebted for the 
■^f- upbuilding of the West. To her broad 
prairies have come many from over the seas. 
Germany has sent of her sons many who entered 
fully into the pioneer work, and many others who 
have invested their savings in the fertile acres of 
the West. Among the latter class is the subject of 
our sketch, who was born in Luxemburg, Germany, 
May 19,1831. He was reared to manhood in his 
native country, learning the weaver's trade, which 
he followed for over twenty years. He then en- 
gaged in farming, which occupation he has contin- 
ued until the present time. He found a fitting 
companion in Miss Helena Klein, to whom he was 
married Dec. 19, 1862. Miss Klein was a native 
of the same duchy as her husband, her birth hav- 
ing taken place July 27, 1825. 

Mr. and Mrs. Kerschen remained in their native 
country until the year 1873, when they emigrated 
to America with their family, which consisted of 
two children, their eldest son, Charles, having died 
while an infant. After a voyage of fifteen days 
they landed in New York, then came directly to 
Marshall County. Kan., where Mr. Kerchen pur- 
chased eighty acres of land, upon which they set- 
tled, on section 18, Marysville Township. Mr. 
Keschen has devoted his attention wholly to farm- 
ing and stock-raising, adding to his property until 
now he owns 200 acres mostly improved, upon 
which he has erected good buildings and made 
other improvements. 

Of the two children who were brought to Amer- 
ica only one survives. Peter G. passed from earth 
Sept. IG, 1886, at St. Joseph, Mo., at the earl}' age 
of twenty -one. He was a graduate of AVritner's 



Business College, of St. Joseph, Mo., and had been 
engaged in teaching for tliree years. He was pre- 
paring to return to the parental roof when, three 
days before his intended departure, he was stricken 
by the illness which terminated so fatally. His 
was a life that not alone his parents, but the world 
could ill afford to lose, as his mental attainments 
and fine character gave promise of a life of great 
usefulness. He was a devout member of the Cath- 
olic Church. Nicholas S., the surviving son, has a 
thorough common-school education, having at- 
tended school for sixteen years. He is a very in- 
telligent j'OTing man, a worthy representative of the 
parental virtues. 

Mr. Kerschen is a believer in and a supporter of 
the principles advocated by the Democratic partj-. 
The entire family- are members of the Catholic 
Church. Mr. Kerschen is a man of upright, honest 
character, and in looking back over his life he may 
well feel a just pride at the position he has won in 
the esteem and confidence of honest men and the 
respect of all good citizens. 


AMES D. NEWTON. Among the pioneer 
settlers of this countj- Mr. Newton deserves 
more than a passing notice. We first find 
him here in 1875, and he soon afterward 
became interested in tlie stone deposit, which is 
located on the farm now owned by Mr. Fitz- 
gerald. He associated himself with partners, and 
under the firm name of J. D. Newton & Co. was 
instrumental in the development of the quarry, of 
which he is now the proprietor, and in the operation 
of which he gives employment usually to half-a- 
dozen men. The quarry is located two and one-half 
miles sohth of the city of Beattie, and promi- 
ses in the near future to become of considerable 
importance. Mr. Newton possesses the industry 
and perseverance necessar}- to success, and has all 
the qualities of an honest man and a good citizen. 
A native of Jefferson Countj', N. Y., our sub- 
ject was born Aug. 23, 1846. and lived there until 
a young man of twenty-two years. He pursued 
his first studies in the common school, and com- 

pleted his education in Ives Seminary at Antwerp. 
Later he officiated as a pedagogue two terms, and 
then leaving the Empire State, made his way to 
Iowa, where he sojourned six months. We next 
find him in Pawnee County, Neb., to which his 
father had come in 1869 and purchased a farm. 
James D. remained a member of the parental house- 
hold until the children were grown, having, by 
the death of his father in 1870, assumed manj' of 
the responsibilities of the head of the household. 
After this, crossing the line, he came over into 
Kansas and located on a tract of land two and one- 
half miles nortii of tlie infant town of Beattie. He 
carried on farming there for a number of years. 

In 1879 JMr. Newton removed to the city and 
engaged as a stone mason, which occupation he 
followed for about six years. In the meantime he 
was concerned in the erection of some of the most 
important buildings in the citj^, and later became 
interested in his present enterprise. He associated 
himself in partnership with Mr. Cornell, and under 
the firm name of J. D. Newton & Co. they pros- 
ecuted an extensive business, shipping between 
800 and 900 ear-loads of stone per year. In Jan- 
uary, 1889, Mr. Newton withdrew from the firm 
and is now carrying on business alone. Politically, 
he aflBliates with the Democratic party. He has 
served as Township Trustee and Assessor for four 
years, and was Justice of the Peace two years. He 
declined a re-eleclion on account of his pressing 
business affairs, which prevented him from giving 
proper attention to the duties of the office. Socially, 
be belongs to the A. O. U. AV., and Lodge No. 259, 
A. F. & A. M., at Beattie. 

The marriage of James D. Newton and Miss 
Eliza Gates, was celebrated at the bride's home at 
Antwerp, N. Y., Feb. 20, 1871. This union re- 
sulted in the birth of six children, two of whom 
are deceased. The survivors are named respect- 
ively: Adamantha, Amber, Emmit and Mabel. 
These remain at home with their parents, and are 
being given the educational advantages which will 
make of them good and intelligent citizens. Mrs. 
Newton W.1S born in Antwerp, N. Y., Feb. 19, 
1850, and remained there until her marriage. Her 
father, Robertson Gates, was born at Champion, 
Jefferson Co., N. Y., Dec, 25, 1801, and for many 

Res. OF A.J. Palmer,Sec.36.WatervilleTown5Hip. 

Residence OF C.G.Beach^Sec.iz. BlueRapids city Township. 

Res. OF John Dawkims.Sec.G. Blue Rapids Township. 

Portrait and feioGRAMiCAL ALfeuM. 


years was occupied as foreman in a large fijuiulry 
in Jefferson County. He was married, in 1833, to 
Miss Eunice Lynde, a native of liis own count}-, 
and wlio was born Sept. 25, 1809. The parental 
family consisted of nine children, eight of whom 
lived to mature years. The mother passed away 
April 10, 1878, and the father in October, 1879. 
Tliey spent their entire lives in their native State. 
Samuel Newton, the father of our subject, was 
born near the city of Ottawa, Canada, April 7, 
1818. When a youth of seventeen years he emi- 
grated to Jefferson County, N. Y., where he met 
and married Miss Sylvia liines. He made his 
home there until 1869, on a farm near Antwerp. 
Finally selling out, he sought the farther West, and 
died near Pawnee City, Neb., in 1870, leaving a 
family of seven children, one of whom died soon 
afterward. James D. was the eldest child of the 
family. Those surviving are residents mostly of 
Kansas and Nebraska. The mother is still living 
at the old homestead in C'la}- Township, Pawnee 

^^ HARLES L. WATSON. Perhaps the lead: 
[l( ing characteristics in the make-up of this 

^^^ gentleman are, his love of home, his regard 
for his family and the industry which has sur- 
rounded them with all the comforts of life. He 
has been a life-long farmer and has 160 acres of 
well developed land on section 5, which he secured 
as a homesteader in 1866. He has since given to this 
his best efftirts, bringing the soil to a productive 
condition, making fences, erecting buildings, plant- 
ing shade and fruit trees, and effecting the im- 
provements naturally suggested to the careful and 
industrious individual. He believes in extracting 
all tlie good from life possible and has mixed with 
his labors a large amount of enjoyment. 

In reverting to the antecedents of our subject, 
we find that he is the son of John P. Watson, a 
native of the city of Hull, England. He emigrated 
to America early in life, and settled in Pennsyl- 
vania, where he was married to Miss Elizabeth L. 
Sweeney, who was probably born in that State. 
It is believed that they settled in Lycoming 

Count}- after their marriage, but later they re- 
moved to Carlisle County, Ohio, where they lived 
nearly seven years. Their next removal was to 
Ogle County, 111., where they sojourned until 1867, 
and that year came to Kansas, settling in Oketa 
Township, this county. The father followed farm- 
ing, and died Feb. 9, 1879; the mother departed 
this life Dec. 23, 1882. Tliey were the parents of 
eleven children, seven of whom are living. 

The subject of this sketch was one of the elder 
children of the parental family, and was born in 
Lorain Township, Carlisle Co., Ohio, April 15, 
1839. He was about four years old when his jjar- 
ents removed to Ogle County, 111., and settled in 
Monroe Township, where he spent his boyhood 
and youth and developed into manhood. He ac- 
quired his education in the common schools and 
assisted his father on the farm until the spring of 
1866. He was married Feb. 22 that year to Miss 
Sarah, daughter of Charles H. and Margaret (Spiel- 
man) Travelute. The father of Mrs. Watson was 
a native of Germany and of French ancestry. 
Upon" emigrating to America they settled in Penn- 
sylvania, and later emigrated first to Mason 
County, 111., and then to Ogle County, where the 
family lived for many years. In the spring of 
1806 they came to Kansas, and are now residents 
of Oketo Township. The household consisted of 
eight children, of whom Mrs. Watson was the fifth 
in order of birth. She first opened her eyes to the 
light in Mason County, 111., May 20, 1849. Soon 
after their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Watson settled 
on the 160 acres of land which our' subject had 
homesteaded the previous 'year, in a log house, 
which they occupied about eight years. Mr. Wat- 
son then rented his land and removed to Van- 
couvers Island, B. C, where he lived another elo^ht 
years, and then returned* to this county. He now 
erected a good frame house upon his farm, and 
has since given to it his undivided attention, mak- 
ing a specialty of stock-raising. 

To our subject and his estimable wife there have 
been born five children, namely: George B., Dora 
I., Grace V., Margaret I. and Florence M. Mrs. Wat- 
son deserves praise no less than her husband, for 
the manner in which she has stood by him through 
storm and sunshine, encouraging him in his wortliy 



efforts aud conducting lier household affairs with 
that good judgment and economy which has had 
no small influence in the happiness of the home and 
the success of our subject. Mr. Watson, politically, 
was formerly identified witli the Democratic party, 
but now votes the Union Labor ticket. He is a man 
who does his own thinking, believes in the rights 
of labor, and belongs to the A. O. U. W. 

OSEPH B. WUESTER, is one of the rising 
1 young men of this county, prominent in the 
! community in which he dwells, the owner 
^)j of valuable property in this county, and 
carrying on the business of a general merchant at 
Home City. He is of German descent, his father, 
Abraham and his mother, Margretta, (Bower) 
Wuester, both having been natives of the Father- 
land. After their marriage they settled in St. Louis, 
from there they removed to St. Joseph, Mo., and 
thence emigrated to this county in 1858. On ac- 
count of sickness they remained in this State but 
about a year, returning to St. Joseph for a two 
years' sojourn. They tiien returned to Kansas, 
settling in what is now Guittard Township, where 
they still reside. They had a family of nine chil- 
dren of whom our subject is the eldest living. He 
was born in St. Joseph, Mo., Sept. 1, 1858, and was 
about two years of age when his parents returned 
to this State, where he grew to manhood upon 
his father's farm. He received a good common- 
school education, making the most of the advan- 
tages of the county. He remained at the parental 
fireside until his twenty -second 3-ear, when at Frank- 
fort, Kau., May. 1', 1880, was celebrated his mar- 
riage with Miss Rosa SchiVarz, the onl}- child of 
Gotleib Scliwarz. The parents of the bride were 
natives of German}^ who had emigrated to Amer- 
ica in the winter of 1869, settling in Center Town- 
ship, this county, where they still reside. Mrs. 
Wuester was born in Germany, Sept. 1, 1855. She 
has become the mother of three children — Lottie 
and Joseph W., now living, and William, who died 
at the age of five years. 

Mr. Wuester began mercantile business at Home 

City, in the spring of 1884 and carries a fine stock 
of general merchandise and is proving himself a 
man of excellent business ability. In company 
with Gregg Bros, of St. Joseph, Mo., he operates 
an elevator having a capacity of 12,000 bushels. 
In addition to these business enterprises, he is a 
partner in the State's Bank at Summerfield, Kan., 
and is the owner of 320 acres of land in Franklin 
and Center townships. He was appointed Post- 
master under Cleveland's administration, and held 
that office until the spring of 1889; he has held 
some of the school offices of the township, and is a 
man of prominence in the community. Few young 
men of Northern Kansas can show a better record 
of financial success or excel him in the character- 
istics of true manhood. Mr. Wuester is a devout 
member of the Catholic Church, while his wife 
worships with the Lutheran Church. 

\f, OHN TALBOT, a plain, straightforward 
man, reliable, industrious and well-to-do, 
may be usually be found at his well-regu- 
lated farm on section 8, which is mainly 
devoted to stock-raising. The land is highly pro- 
ductive, the dwelling is built in a modern style of 
architecture and the barn and other outbuildings 
are neat and convenient structures, ampl3- adapted 
to the purposes of general agriculture. The proprie- 
tor holds a good position socially and financially in 
his community, and deserves honorable mention 
among the men who have assisted in the develop- 
ment of Marysvillo Township. 

In reverting to the parental history of our sub- 
ject, we find that his father, Charles Talbot, was a 
native of London, England, where he was reared 
to man's estate and married Susannah Key. After 
marriage they settled in London, where they lived 
until about 1849, then emigrating to America 
located on a farm in South Grove Township 
DeKalb Co., III. They lived there until the 
si)ringof 1866, then coming to this count}', settled 
cm a farm on section 8, in Marysville Township, 
where the father prosecuted agriculture until his 
death, which occurred in 1879. The mother died 
at the old homestead two years later. They were 

PO&ttlAlt AlSfD fei06fiAt»HiCAL ALBtTM. 


the parents of eight children, of whom John was 
the fifth in order of birth. He likewise was born 
in London, Sept. 19, 1844. His father and older 
brother came to America that year, and two years 
after, the balance of the family came. He followed 
them two years later and attained his majority in 
DeKalb Count}', 111. He accompanied his famil}- to 
tills county in the spring of 1866, but having a crop 
to gather in DeKalb County, returned to Illinois, 
where he stayed about oneyear, and Snall}^ rejoined 
the family in this county, settling on the land which 
he had previously homesteaded. This comprised 
eighty acres on section 32, in Oketo Township, 
where he lived about ten or eleven 3'ears, and until 
after the death of his father. He then removed to 
Maryville Township, of which he has since been a 
resident, and now owns 120 acres of land. 

While a resident of DeKalb County, 111., our sub- 
ject was married Sept. 6, 1866 to Miss Eveline 
Taylor, and of this union there are three children 
living, namel}' : Walter, Edith and Lillie. The 
wife, and mother of these children died at the 
homestead in Oketo Township, June 5, 1873. Mr. 
Talbot was married to his present wife May 6, 1874. 
She was Mrs. Nancy C. Johnson— her maiden 
name being Parish; she is a native of Kentucky. 

Mr. Talbot, politically, is a straight Republican. 
He is a man making very little stir in tiie world, 
but pursues the even tenor of his way, doing a 
friend or a neighbor a favor as he has opportunity, 
and giving his influence to those enterprises having 
for tiieir object the general good of the people. 

^iHOMAS L. HOLLOWAY. It will read- 
ily be conceded to have been a most fort- 
unate occurrence when about thirty years 
ago the Holloway family became settlers of this 
State, and contributed of their labors and efforts 
to develop the vast resources of Marshall County. 
There were three brothers of this family who came 
to Kansas with their parents in 1857. leaving their 
former Ohio home, and locating in Doniphan 
County, Kan., which was for a short time their so- 
journing ground. One son remained in the East, 

and one sister living in the State of Ohio. Coming to 
Marshall County about 1859, the family entered 
Government land, where the subject of this notice 
now resides, on section 35, in Herkimer Township. 
Their first home (a log cabin) was the second 
house on Horse Shoe Creek, and was beautifully 
located in a picturesque, romantic spot, but at that 
time was lonely, the onl}' sounds being the frequent 
and mournful cries of wild animals, and the only 
lights visible at night when clouds obscured the 
moon and stars, were the camp fires of distant In- 
dians. The latter, however, were, as a rule, not 
unfriendlj', though occasionally threatening the 
settlers with all the horrors of an Indian War. 

Born Nov. 11, 1838, in Henr}- Count}-, Ohio, to 
Noah and Amanda B. (Hunt) Holloway, our sub- 
ject was early deprived of a mother's loving and 
ever-watchful care. Later, his father was married 
a second time, his wife being Mrs. Mary Sanford, 
whose first husband, Francis Sanford. died in Ohio. 
She still lives with her son, Jacob, in this county, 
but the father passed away Jan. 29, 1879. The 
boyhood years of our subject do not present any 
striking facts for the biographer to record, as they 
were passed in a comparatively uneventful manner 
under the parental roof. Reaching manhood, he 
commenced to prepare for a home of his own, and 
chose to share ic with him, Mrs. Bell Whitehead, 
daughter of Thomas N. and Mary A. (Anderson) 
Pace, who had previously been married to John 
H. Whitehead, of St. Joseph, Mo., and had one 
child by this union, a son, Thomas J. Our subject 
and his wife were married in St. Joseph, and their 
union has resulted in the birth of three cliildren, 
namely: William L., Hettie A. and Cora L. 

The owner of the old home farm compiisin^"^ 
an area of 249 acres of land, our subject is fl. 
nancially independent, and is able to give his chil- 
dren the advantages of which he was deprived. He 
has held the otHce of Justice of the Peace for six 
years,and in politics affiliates wiili the Republicans. 
His farm is in good condition, with a comfortable 
frame residence, stone and frame barn, and all the 
outbuildings essential to the successful develop- 
ment and carrying on of a modern farm. Sur- 
rounding the house are many natural shade 
trees, whose lofty branches serve as a protection 



against the too friendly beams of the summer sun, 
and also break the severity of winter winds and 
IManitoba breezes. Tiie buildings are erected close 
to tlie banks of the Morse Shoe Creek, and all along 
the water's edge is a lieav}' growth of timber, 
whose giant boughs arch downward as though to 
kiss the murmuring water below. The familj^ thus 
pleasantly located, are among the most liiglily re- 
s|)ected in the entire county, and their past history 
has been such as to richly merit the confidence 
tiiey enjoy. 

P^very soldier's life is divided into two separate 
and distinct periods — the time of peace and the 
time of war. Having alreadj' considered ihe life 
of Mr. HoUoway under the former, let us append 
a few facts concerning the latter. When the 
hideous reality of war broke out in all its fury 
over the country, Mr. Holloway was among the 
first to enlist and offer his life as a sacrifice for the 
preservation of the Union. He enlisted in Com- 
pany H, 2d Kansas Cavalr3', Dec. 9, 1861, and 
served until March 14, 1865. Among the engage- 
ments in which he participated were the following: 
ISiutona, Cone Hill, Prairie Grove, Van Buren, 
Little Rock, Prairie Dam, Camden and Saline 
River; all in Arkansas. Our subject was so fort- 
unate as to receive only one wound,causeJ bj' being 
tiu'own from a horse in the charge at Dripping 
Springs, Ark. He then had two ribs broken, which 
disabled him for some time. He was discharged as 
a Corporal, and is now Second Lieutenant of Com- 
pany G, 3d Regiment Kansas National Guards, of 
Jlarysville; he belongs also to Lyons Post No. 9, 
G. A. R., of Mar3'sville. In these various organiza- 
tions he is a prominent member, and is intimately 
associated with wiialever has a tendeuc\' to improve 
the social condition of those around him, freely- 
assisting all charitable and philanthropic attempts 
to benefit humanity at large. 

Concerning the father of Mr. Holloway, who was 
by name Noah Holloway, and who married Amanda 
Hunt, it is recorded that he was a native of New 
Jersey, and that he was brought b}' his parents, 
Jacob and Hannah (Cora) Holloway, to Pennsyl- 
vania, when he was only nine months of age, and 
thence accompanied them to Hamilton County, 
Ohio, when that State was yet a territory and Cin- 

cinnati a mere unimportant village. The family lo- 
cated about nine miles from the latter city, and 
about fifteen years later the grandfather of our 
subject sold his possessions, and invested his money 
in the town of Shakerville, Warren Co., Ohio, 
being desirous of developing the interests of the 
Shaker Church. There the grandparents spent 
their last days, and there Jacob Holloway lived to 
be eighty-four years of age, having been born on 
the 26th of October. 1767. His wife died at the 
age of ninety-one. Her maiden name was- Hannah 
Cora, born Oct. 7, 1772. Noah Holloway- and 
wife (whom he had married Dec 21, 1883) left 
their old home and located in Northern Ohio. 
Another generation further back we find mention 
made of Jeremiali Hollowaj', who was a brave pa- 
triot in the Revolutionary War, and helped to 
free his country from the tyranny of foreign rule. 

0~ LARKSON HOLTON. Among the pioneer 
settlers of ^NLarshall Count}- none probabl}' 
have had a wider or more varied experience 
than Mr. Holton and his excellent wife. They 
came to the frontier soon after the Indians had left 
it and experienced all the hardships and privations 
of life in a new settlement. But many and great 
as these were, they were never so numerous or ex- 
tended that Mr. and Mrs. Holton could not tender 
the hospitalities of their humble dwelling to some 
one worse off than themselves. They became 
noted for their kindness of heart and for the fact 
that no one who was needy was ever turned emptj- 
from their door. This quality has clung to them 
through all the years which have followed, and 
few sojourners in this part of the county are un- 
acquainted with the sturdy old veteran and his 
faithful and affectionate partner. The}- are now- 
sitting under their own vine and fig tree, and 
while reviewing the toils and sacrifices of their 
earlier years and comparing them with the blessings 
of the present, they feel amply repaid for all which 
the}- have endured. Not only are their children 
located comfortably around them, but they have a 
number of bright and interesting grandchildren 



whom they look upon with pardonable pride. If 
the sunsft of their lives is not cloudless and serene, 
it will not be because they iiave not the best 
wishes of a host of friends. 

The branch of the Holtou family from wliich our 
subject sprang was represented in New England at 
an earl}- day. II is parents, Jeptha and Nancy 
(Clausen) Holton, were natives of New Jersey, 
where they were reared and married and after- 
ward settled in Plainfield. The mother died in 
Plainfield, N. J.; the father subsequently re- 
moved to Illinois, whei-e he spent his last days. 
The father was a hatter b}' trade, and the parental 
household included six children, four daughters 
and two sons. Clarkson was the second child and 
was born near Plainfield, N. J., Nov. 20, 1815. 
He too learned the hatter's trade and remained a 
resident of his nattve State until nearlj' thirty 
years of age. He followed his trade until 18.54, 
then leaving New Jersey, struck out for the West 
and purchased a farm in Tazewell County, 111. lie 
occupied this until February, 1 870, and then came 
with his family to this count}'. Here he home- 
steaded eighty acres of land on section 22 in Elm 
Creek Township, of which he has since been a 

After coming to this Stale Mr. Holton worked 
one >ear at grading on the St. Joseph & Grand 
Island Railway. He has, however, given the most 
of his attention to farming and stock-raising. He 
has been very successful as a tiller of the soil and 
added eightj' acres to his first purchase, upon 
which he has made good improvements. He com- 
menced life in this county with very little means, 
having only a few household goods, a team of 
mules and twentj'-five cents in cash. Brave must 
have been the spirit which bore up under the out- 
look in a region thinly settled and with few of the 
conveniences of modern life. A few years of in- 
dustry and perseverance, however, materially 
changed his condition and placed him upon solid 

Mr. Holton was first married in Plainfield, N. J., 
Oct. 29, 1836, to Miss Rachel O'Connor, who was 
born in New York Cit}- and who became the mother 
of one child. The latter, a daughter, Rhoda S., 
was first married to William Morrison, who died 

in New York City, and she was then married to 
William Fitzgerald, of Blue Rapids City, this 
county. Mrs. Rachel (O'Connor) Holton died in 
Tazewell County, 111., Jan, 25, 1857. 

Our subject contracted a second marriage in 
Tazewell County, 111, Jan. 24, 1861, with Miss 
Harriet, daughter of Christopher and Mary (Mar- 
tin) Wentz. The parents of Mrs. Holton were na- 
tives of Chester and Lancaster counties. Pa., 
respectively, and the father in his younger years 
was proprietor of an hotel and kept a livery stable. 
They finally removed to Mercer Count}\ where 
the mother died. Mr. Wentz, later removed to 
Tazewell County, III. where he spent his last daj-s. 
Mrs. Holton was the sixth in a family of eleven 
children and was born near New Castle, Pa.. 
March 13, 1823. Her marriage with our subject 
resulted in the birth of three children, the (.Idest of 
whom, Mary A., died at the homestead in Elm 
Creek Township, Nov. 18, 1882, when an interest- 
ing young woman of twentj'-one years. William 
A. married Miss Girolda G. Sheets, and they reside 
in Elm Creek Township. They have two children, 
John A. and Mary M.; Christopher O. died in in- 
fancy. Mr. Holton politically in former years 
affiliated with the Republican party but now votes 
independently. Mrs. Holton is a member in good 
standing of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 

^^HARLES PRITCHARD. Side by side in 
(|f^_, their influence upon the future life of the 
^^^ j'oung, stand the home and the school. Not 
for mental training alone is the latter responsible but 
for much of the moral as well. By example the 
youth are guided more even than by direct instruc- 
tion, and in view of this fact, the daily walk and con- 
versation of the teacher is a matter of grave impor- 
tance. It gives us pleasure to sketch the life of 
one whose mental attainments and upright charac- 
ter so well fitted him for the position he occupied 
during many years, that of instructor of the j'outh. 
Mr. Charles Pritchard was born in Richland 
County, Ohio, Dec. 27, 1844. There he grew to 
manhood, obtaining a good common school educa- 



tion. With this and a capital of $10 and an old 
watch, he was prepared to begin life for himself 
on attaining his majority. Going to Woodford 
County, 111., he entered upon the profession of 
teaching, and at the end of seven months he re- 
turned home possessed of $123. During the fol- 
lowing two j'cars he worked his father's farm and 
during both winters taught school. In 1868 he 
came to Kansas and during the winter and suc- 
ceeding summer taught in the Emory district. 
The foliowing winter the Beattie district secured" 
his services. He then worked for a time on 
the St. Joseph & Grand Island Railway. He 
next worked for Dr. Sheldon, of Beattie. and 
taught in district 39. Following this came two 
winters of professional work in Gage County, 
Neb. The year 1873 found him teaching in Deer 
Creek district of this county. In the summer of 
1874 he began farming on a homestead which he 
had taken on section 28, Balderson Township, and 
during the same j'ear he re-engaged as teacher in 
district 39. In 1875 he taught two terms of school 
while carrying on his farm, and in the winter of the 
same year taught the Elliott district. In the sum- 
mer of 1876 he devoted liimself entirely to his 
farming and during the winter returned to his la- 
bors in district 39. He then gave up the active 
work of the teacher's profession and devoted his 
attention to the pursuit of agriculture. He re- 
mained upon his homestead until March, 1884, 
when he took possession of his jjresent home on 
section 18, Balderson Township, this land having 
been derived by purchase from his vvife's father. 
It is all under cultivation and well supplied with 
farm buildings. Mr. Pritchard now has twent}'- 
three head of cattle, nine head of horses and tliirty- 
three head of hogs, and carries on successfully the 
business of farming. The farm upon which he 
lives comprises 164^ acres and is held in his own 

On the farm where he now lives, but at that 
time the residence of the bride, was celebrated 
his marriage to Miss ^Lar3' Rigg. daughter of Silas 
.and Sarah (Morris) Rigg. The parents were na- 
tives respectively of Illinois and Virginia. The 
family consisted of ten children, five of whom are 
now living. Mrs, Pritchard was the eldest child. 

having been born March 16, 1851, in Indiana. 
When she was about two years of age her parents 
had removed to Black Hawk County, Iowa, whence 
three years later they came to Adams County, 
same State. After a sojourn of ten years they emi- 
grated to Kansas and settled upon the farm which 
their daughter now occupies with her husband. 
Here the mother died in September, 1875. The 
father is now living in Morton County, Kan, Mrs. 
Pritchard has borne her husband three childreu, 
Alice Faye, Sarah Claire and Charles Lloyd. 

Our subject is the son of John Pritchard, a na- 
tive of Derbyshire, England, who with his father, 
Charles Pritchard, emigrated to America in 1818, 
first settling in Bedford, Pa. From there they 
went to Richland County, Ohio, where they bought 
240- acres of Government land and established a 
new home. Of this land 160 acres are still in the 
possession of the family. Going back another 
generation in the paternal line, we find William 
Pritchard, a native of England, who became a 
preacher when fifty-seven years of age. The ma- 
ternal grandfather of our subject was Thomas An- 
drews, a native of the North of Ireland, who 
emigrated to America, settling in Ohio, and died 
in the year 1840, His wife, Anna (Kithcart) An- 
drews was a native of Pennsylvania and died in 
1860. Their daughter Sarah, a native of Ohio, was 
married in that State, Jan. 4. 1844, to John Prit- 
chard, father of our subject, and in that State spent 
the remainder of her life, dying July 11, 1850. 
Mv. John Pritchard later married Esther Fletcher, 
also a native of the Buckeye State. He died in 
December, 1875, his wife surviving him about five 
years. The parental family consisted of three ciiil- 
dren, all the result of the first marriage. Our sub- 
jijct was the eldest of the family, having a sister, 
Anna Mary, wife of John W. Kinton, of Richland 
County, Ohio, and a brother, Thomas, also living 
in that count}'. 

Our subject and his wife are active members of 
the Presbj'terian Church of North Mar3'sville, in 
which he is ruling Elder. Mr. and Mrs. Pritchard 
have been members of the Grange and Good Tem- 
plars lodges, and both have held official positions 
in each of the organizations. Mr. Pritchard takes 
au active interest in politics and votes the Repub- 



licaii ticket. For three j'ears he has been Justice 
of tlie Peace in Balderson Township. As might well 
be expected of a retired teacher, lie takes an act- 
ive interest in educational affairs and for manj' 
years has held a position upon the School Board. 
During his professional career Mr. Pritchard was 
accustomed to open his sciiool with scripture read- 
ing and prayer. At Beattie lie was told by the 
School Board and Roman Catholics then living 
there, that he could read the Bible from 4 p.m. 
until A.^r. if he chose, but they forbade him read- 
ing it in school hours. In accordance with the ad- 
vice of the County Superintendent he thereafter 
refrained from doing so. Mr. and Mrs. Pritchard 
are among the most highly esteemed residents of 
the township, and are people of more than ordinary 
intelligence, of hospitable and kindly manners and 
active in all good works. 


emigration moves toward the setting sun, 
new villages spring up where once was the 
^1/ boundless prairie, and thriving towns ap- 

pear upon the site of the old hunting grounds of 
the Indians, while the timbered forest disappears 
before the powerful hand of man. Wonderful 
changes have been witnessed by those who came 
to Kansas in the da3-s of its infancj* as a State, and 
great improvements have been made by their un- 
flagging industry. Even those more recent settlers 
have materially' assisted to change the face of the 
country, as they have established pleasant homes 
and bustling, noisy cities. The natives of the 
State of Ohio have not been in the rear of the on- 
ward march, but were in the front ranks of the 
early settlers. 

Among those who have been prospered in their 
labors, not the least worthy of mention is he of 
whom we write, Alonzo A. Gerhart, who came to 
this State and count}' in 1880. Though compara- 
tively speaking he is a recent settler, yet he took 
lip land In an almost primitive condition, and has 
changed it to a productive, valuafile farm. 

There reside in Iowa an old couple, venerated by 

their friends and respected by all who know them. 
They are in the twilight of life which has been 
passed by them in earnest efforts to make a home 
and rear their children so that they might reflect 
credit upon their parents throughout their life. 
These people are Aaron Gerhart and his wife Anna 
(Davis) Gerhart. The former was a native of the 
Keystone State, but when a boy came to Ohio, 
where he married Anna ]")avis. Six of their chil- 
dren lived to years of maturity. After a long 
residence in Ohio, they came to Iowa, where in 
Jones County, the father is still managing the in- 
terests of liis farm. 

Among the children born to Aaron and Anna 
(Davis) Gerhart, the one in whom we are particu- 
larly interested is Alonzo A. He was born in 
Knox County, Ohio, Nov. 29, 1849, and here he 
remained with his parents until he was four years 
of age, then went to Iowa in company with them 
on their removal. In this then frontier State, he 
grew to man's estate, receiving a good, practical 
education in the schools of his district. He early 
learned to make himself useful on the home farm, 
and became so proficient as a farmer, that he chose 
agriculture as his life occupation. Time has proven 
this to be a wise selection. A mere glance at his 
comfortable, well-kept farm shows that the leading 
spirit of the place is one who understands his 
chosen calling. 

That Mr. Gerhart has such a pleasant home is 
due not alone to his efforts, for he has had for 
nearly twenty years the active cooperation of an 
intelligent, practical, and amiable wife, whose 
maiden name was Eva Glick. To her he was mar- 
ried Dec. 11, 1870, and for ten years thereafter 
they worked together on their Iowa homestead. 
But such enthusiastic reports were brought to their 
ears of the wonderful soil of the growing State of 
Kansas that they were induced to remove hither. 
This was their first residence in the State and so 
comfortabl}' are the}' settled, that we may reason- 
ably trust no further removals will be deemed 

To. Mr. and Mrs. Gerhart have been born four 
children, namely: George A., Anna, Ira, and Ern- 
est, all of whom are 3'et under the parental roof, 
and form a happy, united fandly. Mr. (ierliart 



votes with the Republican party, with whose prin- 
ciples he is in cordial, hearty sympatb3-. He is a 
ineiuber of the Masonic fraternit3', and was Clerk 
of ^he township for one year; he has served as 
Road Overseer, and is at present Clerk of the 
School District. He was also School Director for 
one term, and was of considerable aid in securing 
the services of good instructors, and placing the 
school in fine condition. 

Mrs. Gerhart was born in Indiana in 1852 and is 
the daughter of Gideon and Minerva ^Wholf) 
Click. Gideon Click was born Feb. 11, 1822, in 
Ohio; Minerva Click, born Aug. 3, 1827, in Penn- 
sylvania. They moved to Iowa when their daugh- 
ter, Eva, was only three years old, and remained 
there until in 1880 when they changed their home 
to Kansas, and at this time reside in Richland 
Township. Mr. Glick is engaged in farming. Mrs. 
Gerhart was one of six children, two girls and four 
boys, all living. 

— -^m- — - 

^^LMERON BROOKS. The deliberate and 
@/lJI . cautious man, although making less stir 

jj 111 in the world than the more breezy and 
^ pugnacious, usuallj^ wins the da}'. These 

qualities have been among the leading character- 
istics of Mr. Brooks, who, following their direction 
in his business affairs, may be accounted as having 
made of life a success, morally and financially. He 
is liberal and public-spirited to a marked degree, 
and is numbered among the most useful men of 
his community. He has been prompt to meet his 
obligations, and his word is considered as good as 
his bond. A farmer all his life, he has a thorough 
understanding of agricultural pursuits, having fol- 
lowed them successfully for many years on his 
present homestead, which is finely' located on sec- 
tion 24 in Elm Creek Township. In addition to 
the thorough cidtivation of the si)il, he has erected 
first-class buildings, surrounded his dwelling with 
fruit and shade trees, and his familj' with all the 
comforts and conveniences of modern life. 

A native of the town of Hornby, Steuben Co., 
N. Y., our subject was born July 18, 1829, and 

was the thh'rt in a family of four children born to 
Sylvester and Prudency (Peck) Brooks, who were 
both natives of Connecticut. The}' lived in that 
State for a time after their marriage, and then emi- 
grated to Steuben County, N. Y., afterward chang- 
ing their residence to Genesee Count}-, where the 
mother died many years ago. Sylvester Brooks is 
still living, and has attained to a ripe old age. 

Our subject was about eleven years old when 
his parents removed from Steuben to Genesee 
County, N. Y„ where he developed into manhood 
and engaged in farming. He lived there until 
the fall of 1870, then decided to seek the Farther 
West, and coming to this county, located, in the 
spring of 1871, at his present farm on section 24, 
Elm Creek Township. The first busy years were 
employed in effecting improvements as rapidly as 
possible, besides the added labor of sowing and 
reaping the grain in its season, and raising the pro- 
visions for household consumption. Mr. Brooks 
in due time added to his landed possessions, and 
is now the owner of 240 acres, which is largely de- 
voted to stock-raising, and mostly operated by 
other parties. It is the source of a handsome in- 
come, and yields ample returns for the laljor be- 
stowed upon it. Mr. Brooks erected on his fine 
homestead a commodious farm residence, which is 
represented by a view on another page. 

The marriage of our subject and Miss L}dia A. 
Kenyon was celebrated in Youngstown, N. Y., Oct. 
14, 1851. Mrs. Brooks was born in Mexico, Os- 
wego Co., N. Y., May 8, 1831, and is the daughter 
of Stanton Kenyon, who, with his estimable wife, 
spent his last years in Genesee County. Their 
family consisted of six ehihlren, of whom Mrs. 
Brooks was the second-born. To her,as to her mother 
before her, there have been born six children, the 
eldest of whom, Sarah E., is the wife of John Les- 
lie, of this county; Frank married Miss Anna 
Miller, and lives in Elm Creek Township ; Harvey A. 
married Miss Jennie McMillin, and is occupied at 
farming in this county; M)rtie is the wife of An- 
drew McMillin, of Waterville Township; Bert H. 
married Miss Anna Thomas, and Fred remains at 
home with his parents. 

Both our subject and his estimable wife are 
members in good standing of the Methodist Epis- 

Res. and Q.UARRr of I.H.Chapmam. Oketo City Kansas. 

— :^i?*f¥S~-*''*s«*'*«-' 

Old House. 

Residence OF Almeron Brooks, Sec. 2^. Elm Creek Township. 



copal Cliurcli, in which Mr. Brooks has been Class- 
Leader for many years, both in New York Slate 
and Kansas. In politics he is a decided Prohi- 
bitionist, but, aside from holding the ofHces of 
Township Tieasurer and Trustee, has declined of- 
ficial responsibilities. He keeps himself well posted 
upon current events, and is a man possessing a 
line fund of general information, making him thus 
a very pleasant companion, from whom something 
can always be learned. 

-^ ^-^ ^ 

fRVING II. CHAPMAN, who is known through- 
|i out Marshall County as one of its keenest and 
11 most enterprising business men, having been 
variously identified with its interests since pioneer 
days, and liy his energy and business talent given 
an impetus to its growth, is a leading citizen of 
Oketo. This town is indebted to him for its origin, 
as he laid out and platted the first site on his farm 
Jan. 7, 1881, and though for certain reasons the 
greater part of the town has been erected on an ad- 
dition, yet he will always have the honor of having 
been its originator, and its history will form a part 
of his own. He is prosperously engaged in tiie 
hardware business here, and has a neat, well-ap- 
pointed store, well stocked with a large and varied 
assortment of hardware of all kinds, and has an ex- 
tensive and lucrative trade. 

Our subject is a son of the Hon. Samuel E. and 
Harriet (Barnes) Chapman, natives, respectively, 
of Stillwater and Batavia, N. Y., the father subse- 
quently becoming a prominent lawyer and States- 
man in Wisconsin. After marriage they began 
their wedded life in Rochester, N. Y., whence they 
removed to Black River Falls, and later to Laporte, 
Ind. Mr. Chapman was there engaged as a car- 
penter and builder, and erected the first court house 
ill that city. He finally went with his family to 
Waterford, Racine Co., Wis., where he resided the 
remainder of his life. He devoted a part of his 
time to the flouring business, and erected a flour, 
grist and saw mill, which was managed principally 
by other hands, while he attended to his profes- 
sional duties as a lawyer. He was one of the lead- 

ing members of tbe bar in Racine County, and such 
was the confidence of the people in liim, that tliey 
elected him twice to represent them in the State 
Legislature, and the honor is due to him of having 
been the originator of the present homestead law 
of Wisconsin, and of having been instrumental in 
securing the passage of the bill through the Legis- 
lature. He died deepl3' lamented and universally 
respected in 1872, wliile his amiable wife survived 
hiin but a few years, dying in 1877. 

Samuel Chapman and his wife had a familj' of 
nine children, of whom our subject was the second, 
and he was born in Laporte, Ind., July 28, 1836. 
When he was a year old his parents removeil to 
Waterford, Wis., and there amid pioneer scenes he 
grevv to a stalwart, capable manhood. As soon as 
he was old enough, in company with another, he 
took almost the entire charge of his father's mill 
while the latter was attending to his law business. 
In 1855 he met with a painful accident in the mill 
by coming in contact with a circular saw, wliereby 
all the fingers of his right hand were cut off. But 
such was his purity of blood and perfect state of 
health, that the wound was entirely healed in six 

Mr. Chapman's marriage with Miss Susan H., 
daughter of Richard and Sarah Foat, natives of 
England, was duly solemnized July 4, 1857. She 
was born in New York, Aug. 3, 1838, and under 
the parental roof received that wise training that 
made her equal to the cares and responsibilities 
that have devolved upon her in after life since she 
has been called upon to fulfill the duties of wife 
and mother. Six children have been born of her 
wedded life with our subject — Chauncey I., El- 
mer G., Samuel E., Walter F., Gertrude I., and 
Bertie E. 

Mr. Chapman continued in business in Wisconsin 
with his father until 1866. For some time his at- 
tention had been centered on Kansas, and being 
much impressed with tlie vigor of the young and 
rapidly growing State, its fine climate, its won- 
derful and varied resources, and other natural ad- 
vantages, with characteristic enterprise, he resolved 
to invest his capital here, and make this State his 
permanent abiding place. In the month of June, 
of the year just mentioned, he put Lis resolution 



into execution, and coming to Marshall County, 
settled in Oketo Township. Here was a fine op- 
portunity for him to e.stablish himself in the milling 
business, of which he has aieh thorough practical 
knowledge, and he built a dam across the river, and 
erected a sawmill during the winter of 1866-77. 
He had just completed it, when a rise in the river 
swept a portion of the dam away, and with it car- 
ried the mill about half a mile down the stream. 
Not discouraged by this ill stroke of luck, Mr. 
Chapman soon after formed a partnership with 
Joseph Guittard, and rebuilt the dam and mill, 
which now stands at Oketo. They ccntinned to- 
gether in the milling business ten years, and at the 
expiration of that time, Mr. Chapman bought his 
partner's interest in the concern, and operated it 
himself very profitably until 1887, when he sold 
out to Anderson & Co. In 1884 he began to work 
a stone-quarry at Oketo, and still continues that 
enterprise, from which he derives a good annual 
income. A man of many resources, he has not 
confined himself to any one business, and with his 
other interests, managed a farm in this county, un- 
til the spring of 1889, when he sold it at a good 
price. He established himself in the hardware busi- 
ness in March, 1889, fitting up bis commodious 
store witli a very fine stock of all kinds of hard- 
ware, and he alreadj- commands a good trade. 

.Since coming hereto reside, Mr. Chapman's hon- 
orable, conscientious course as a business man, his 
far-seeing business policy, enterprise and tact, have 
rendered him a great addition to the citizenship of 
the town and county, and it is to the influence of 
such men of fertile brain and liberal spirit that 
they are indebted for their high standing and pros- 
perity. We have already referred to his work in 
founding Oketo, and he was also instrumental in 
having a post-office established here, and for a 
number of years served with entire satisfaction to 
the whole community as Postmaster. He was ap- 
pointed Notarj- Public in the seventies, and has 
since filled that office with ability. A man of en- 
fightened views, well understanding the value of a 
good education in any walk in life, be has always 
taken a marked interest in local educational mat- 
ters, and has exerted his influence to secure good 
schooling for the youth of the town. He has hing 

been identified with the Republican party, but is 
now a prominent supjiorter of the Union Labor 
party, earnestly syinpathizing with the views of its 
founders, and heartily approving of its platform. 
Our readers will notice with pleasure tlie valu- 
able addition to the Album in a view of the pleas- 
ant home of Mr. and Mrs. Chapman, given on an- 
other page. 

^ ACOP) E. ANDREWS. The welfare of every 
community is dependent upon the liberality 
and public-spiriteduess of its leading men — 
those who are willing to contribute a fair 
share of their time and means to the encourage- 
ment of those enterprises calculated for its advance- 
ment. Mr. Andrews has made for himself a good 
record in this respect, and is looked up to as one 
whose place, were it made vacant, could not be 
readily filled. Quiet and unobtrusive in his hab- 
its, he has nevertheless exerted no small influence 
in the affairs of his township, and the fact that he 
is spoken well of bj' all who know him, is sufficient 
indication of his true character. We find him com- 
fortablj- located on section 25, Elm Creek Town- 
ship, where he, in 1882, purchased a quarter section 
of land which he has brought to a good state of 
cultivation, and improved with comfortable build- 
ings. His course has been that of an honest, up- 
right citizen, one who is prompt in meeting his 
obligations, and endeavors to do unto his neigh- 
bors as he would he done b}'. 

In noting the parental history of our subject, we 
find that his father, Ernest Andrews, was a native 
of Germany, where he lived until reaching man- 
hood, and was married to Miss Christina Markle}% 
who was probably born in his own Province. Upon 
emigrating to America, thej' established themselves 
in Liverpool Township, Medina Co., Ohio, where 
the father engaged in farming, and where both par- 
ents spent the remainder of their lives. Ernest 
Andrews departed this life June 11, 1877. The 
wife and mother survived her husband a little over 
three years, her death taking place July 11, 1880. 
Their family consisted of seven children, of whom 
Jacob E. was the fifth in order of birth. He first 
opened his eyes to the light in Liverpool Township, 



Ohio, Nov. 8, 1857, and was there reared to man's 
estate, acquiring his educntion in the common 
schools. He lived at home until a youth of seven- 
teen years, then starting out for himself, sought 
the farther West, traveling through Iowa and 
Minnesota, and returning home after an absence of 
two years. He then remained there until coming 
to this county, in 1882, and here he has since lived. 
For his wife our subject sought a maiden of his 
own township in Ohio, Miss Johanna Weidner, to 
whom he was man-ied there, Dec. 24, 1878. Mrs. 
Andrews was born in Liverpool Township, Jan. 
13, 1855, and is the daughter of Charles and Chris- 
tina (AVortwin) Weidner, the latter of whom died 
in that township in the summer of 1887. Of this 
union there have been born four children — Rob- 
ert G., Clara, IMaude, and Carl, who are all at home 
with their parents, and are being given the educa- 
tion and training suitable to their station in life. 
Mr. Andrews is a progressive man in his ideas, and 
believes in education, and all other advantages 
which will secure for the young, that which will 
make of them worthj' and useful members of so- 
ciety. He cast his first Presidential vote for Gar- 
field, and maintains his allegiance to the Republican 

^^ WEN THOMAS. The subject of this notice 
I I' o<-'cupies a leading position .among the prom- 
^^^ inent farmers of Guittard Township. His 
homestead embraces 240 acres of finely cultivated 
land, l.ying on section 35, the residence being on 
the northeast corner. It is largely devoted to 
stock raising and bears evidence of being under 
the supervision of a thorough and skillful agricul- 
turist. Mr. Thomas in addition to being a first- 
class farmer is a wide-awake business man and in 
company with others contemplates in the near fu- 
ture the establisliment of a canning factory at 

Mr. Thomas is a native of the Buckeye State and 
was born in Fayette County, June 18, 1835. He 
has spent the greater part of his life in his native 
State having come to this county in 1883. He 
acquired a practical education in the common 

schools and worked with his father on the farm 
until reaching his majority. He was then married 
Feb. 16, 1859, to Miss Mary J., daughter of Henry 
Farrar, a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this 
volume. This union resulted in the birth of nine 
children, eight of whom are living. The eldest, a 
son, Byron, is a resident of Chicago, 111., in the 
employ of the Baltimore <fc Ohio Railroad. He 
married a Miss McLean, who is now deceased and 
to them there was born one child — a daughter, 
Fannie. Minnie is the wife of T. F. Jones, of 
Omaha, Neb.; Georgia, Nattie, Walter, Farrar, 
M.ary and Glen remain at home with their parents. 
Mr. Thomas has given his children the advantages 
of a good education, believing this to be a legacy 
better than money and which cannot be taken from 

For two years after their marriage, Mr. and 
Mrs. Thomas lived on their farm in Ohio, then 
selling out, our subject engaged in the grocery and 
grain trade at London, for a period of twenty-four 
years and until coming to Kansas. The farm 
which he now owns was then a tract of wild land 
and which has been brought to its present condi- 
tion only by the most persevering industry and 
good management. He has erected a handsome 
frame residence and the necessary outbuildings; has 
a flourishing orchard of apple trees and besides 
shrubbery, planted 1,000 black walnut trees in the 
shape of a grove. In front of the residence is a 
smoothly shaven lawn and the dwelling both within 
and without gives evidence of cultivated tastes 
and ample means. The refinements of modern life 
are plainly discernable in the attractive home, 
whose inmates are people of more than ordinary 
intelligence and who are sunounded with every- 
thing to make existence pleasant and desirable. 

While a resident of Ohio, Mr. Thomas con- 
nected with the School Board of London and rep- 
resented his ward in the town council for six 3'ears. 
He was also appointed Sheriff to fill a vacancy. For 
a period of ten years he was the City Treasurer, 
and filled many other positions of trust and re- 
sponsibility. In Guittard Township he has served 
as Treasurer and is the Road Supervisor of his 
district and Treasurer of the School Board. Po- 
litically, he votes with the Democratic party. In 



Ohio he identifieil himself with the Masonic fra- 
ter'iity, of which he is still a member. 

Mr. Thomas is a member in good standing of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Jeremiah Thomas, 
the father of our subject, was born and reared in 
Virginia, where he was married to Miss Nancy 
Leach. They emigrated to Fayette Countj^ Ohio, 
during its pioneer days and opened up a farm in 
the wilderness where they reared a family of four 
sons and four daughters. About 1855, they re- 
moved to within five miles of London, where the 
father lived until being called hence. The widowed 
mother later took up her residence in London and 
died there not long after the decease of her hus- 

— ^€^&^— 

j|=^ midst of the world-i-enowned scenery of 
JL, Switzerland, the eyes of our subject first 
saw the light Oct. 30, 1849. He is a son of John 
and Lizzie Walter. He grew to manhood upon a 
farm in his native land and at the age of twent^^- 
three with his young wife emigrated to America. 
Landing in New York, they remained in Long 
Island about twenty months, Mr. AValtor engaging 
in different occupations there. He then came to 
Adams County, Neb., where he l^ought a farm on 
which he lived for nine years. In May, 1883, he 
came to this county and bought a farm on section 
33, Franklin Township. This farm consists of 160 
acres of land wliich is brought to a high state of 
cultivation and productiveness, and upon which he 
has erected substantial and adequate buildings. 
Here Mr. AValter devotes his attention to farming 
and stock-raising, in both of which occupations he 
is successful. 

Previous to his departure from Switzerland, on 
March 15, 1872, he was married to Miss Barbara 
Duttweiler, a praiseworthy }'Oung ladj', whose 
birth had taken place in Switzerland. Nov. 4, 1849. 
She is a daughter of Henry and Anna Duttweiler. 
She has become tlie mother of three children — 
Ernest, Amelia and Roy. 

Mr. Walter takes great interest in educational 
affairs and his fellow citizens have made use of his 

abilit}' by electing him a member of the School 
Board, of which he lias been Treasurer tliree years. 
He served three years as Township Treasurer pre- 
vious to his present position. Though formerl}' a 
Democrat he now advocates and supports tlie prin- 
ciples of the Union Labor part}'. He is one of the 
substantial citizens of the township, and with his 
wife commands the respect of all its citizens. 

JIOMPSON SMITH. Holding a prominent 
position among the fine farms of this 
county, is that of the above-named gentle- 
man. It consists of 931^ acres, all in a body on 
sections 16 and 21, Balderson Township, and is all 
under thorough cultivation. On it are 100 bear- 
ing apjjle trees, together with various other fruits. 
The farm is well supplied with buildings needful 
for the carrying on of farming and stock-raising. 
There are now two dwellings upon it, and its own- 
er purposes to erect another this fall. Tlie dwell- 
ing which he occupies is comfortable and well 
furnished, though presenting a modest appearance 
on the exterior. He is abundantly able, however, 
to build a mansion, if his tastes inclined in that di- 
rection. Mr. Smitii handles a great deal of stock, 
now having 100 head of cattle, iliirteen of horses, 
seventy-five of hogs, and fort}' of sheep. He is 
also interested in bee culture, and now has five 

The owner of tliis splendid place is of Canadian 
birth, having first seen the light Nov. 29, 1836. 
"While still in early childhood his parents removed 
to Ogle County, 111., where he grew to manhood. 
He was reared upon a farm, and until the age of 
twenty-three assisted in the cultivation of the home 
acres. He had received a common-school educa- 
tion, miking good use of the opportunities afforded 
him. On Jun. 3, 1860, he took to himself a wife 
in the person of Rebecca Rowe, who resided 
with her parents in Ogle County. She is a lady of 
fine education and manners, one of those noble 
characters well fitted to make a happy home. The 
young people continued for a few years their resi- 
dence in the county, where their marriage took 



place, and then removed to DeKalb County, where 
they remained for eight years. In 1875 the\' 
went to Cedar County, Iowa, wliere they passed 
live years. At the expiration of this time they 
emigrated to Kansas, where they have since re- 

Tlie parents of our subject were Thomas and 
Jane (Thompson) Smith, both natives of Yorkshire, 
England. Their marriage took place in Canada. 
The fatlior had taken part in the Canadian Re- 
hellion. In 1846 they emigrated to Ogle County. 
111., where the father died Jan. 25, 1882. The 
niotiier still lives on the old homestead at Creston, 
at the age of seventy-six. The parental family 
consisted of seven children, of whom our subject 
was the third. Six of the family are still living. 

Mrs. Smith is the daughter of John and Jane 
(Hancock) Rowe, natives of Devonshire. England. 
The family came to America in 1853. After so- 
journing a year at Buffalo, N. Y., they came to 
Illinois, where they still live. The family consisted 
of five children, three of whom are now living. 
Mrs. Smith was the fourth in order of birth, her 
natal day being Nov. 7, 1838, and her birthplace 
Devonshire, England. She has borne six children : 
Ezra T., married to Ella Phinney. lives on the 
northeast quarter of section 16, and is the parent 
of one child — Blanch; William E. married Effle 
M. Delair, and resides with his parents; Ella J., 
wife of Clarence D. White, lives nine miles south- 
east of Oketo, and is the mother of two ciiildren — 
Lavinia and Harlc}'; Walter J., Minnie R., and 
Nellie M., still remain under the parental roof. All 
the children are well educated and accomplished. 
Minnie is fitted for teaching, and she and her sister 
Nellie are fine performers upon the organ, as is the 
wife of their brother William. Eour are members 
of the Methodist Episcop,il Church, and active in 
Sunda3'-school work. William and Minnie have 
each been Secretary for several terms, and Minnie 
is now a teacher in the school. Mr. Smith has 
"taken great interest in theeducation of his children, 
and is justly proud of their ability, and the use to 
which their talents are put. 

During our subject's resid'ince in Illinois, he was 
for a long time Assistant Postmaster at Creston, 
Ogle County, also Assessor one year in that county, 

and served three terms as Township Commissioner 
in DeKalb County. Since coming to Kansas he 
has held the office of Townshij) Treasurer. He is 
Director of the School Board, of which body he 
has been a member many years. He was a mem- 
ber of the Masonic fraternity, both Blue Lodge 
and Chapter, in Illinois, and also identified with 
the I. 0. 0. F. in the same State. lie takes a very 
active part in political movements of his section, 
lias for mauj^ j'ears been a member of the County 
Central Committee, and frequently a delegate to 
political conventions of various grades. His first 
vote was cast for Abraham Lincoln, and from that 
day he has remained in the ranks of the Republican 
party. He is a man possessed of sterling traits of 
character, a good citizen and a kind neighbor, a 
fond husband and father, and an honorable busi- 
ness man. The entire family occupy a high posi- 
tion in the respect and esteem of the citizens of 
that section. 

f; OHN S. BLAKEWAY. The farming inter- 
ests of Richland Township are worthily rep- 
resented by the subject of this sketch, who 
is a man prominent in his community, and 
the owner of the northwest quarter of section 3. 
He makes a specialty of grain raising, and conducts 
his operations with that good judgment and indus- 
try which are usually accompanied by success. 

The first twentj'-five years of the life of our sub- 
ject were spent in Worcestershire, England, where 
he was born in June, 1829. Upon emigrating to 
America, he established himself upon a farm near 
Freeport, 111., where he sojourned until crossing 
the Mississippi. In the Prairie State he was mar- 
ried, Jan. 16, 1862, to Miss Sarah Jane Rea. Of 
this union there were born five children, all of 
whom are living, namely: John, Edith, Minnie, 
Charles, and Herbert. In 1872, Mr. Blakeway 
leaving Illinois, came to this county, and purchased" 
the tract of wild land, from which he constructed 
his present comfortable and valuable homestead. 
There were then upon it no improvements what 
ever, and for years, in addition to the cultivation 



of the ground, he was busily employed in building 
fences, setting out trees, erecting the various struc- 
tures necessary for bis comfort and convenience, 
and gatheriug together the necessary farm machin- 
ery. There is now presented the picture of a well- 
regulated homestead, which yields to the proprietor 
handsome returns for his labors, and from which 
he has fortified himself against want in his declin- 
ing years. Mr. Blakeway has been a Director in 
his school district for a period of nine years, being 
elected in the fall of 1889 for the tenth term. He 
votes the straight Republican ticket, and is an 
active member of the Grange. He reads his' weekly 
newspapers and other instructive literature, and 
thus keeps himself posted upon matters of general 

Mrs. Sarah Jane fRea) Blakeway, was born in 
Northumberland County, Pa., Aug. 22, 1834, and 
istlie daughter of Samuel and Rachael (Stout) Rea, 
who emigrated to the vicinity of Freeport, 111., at 
an early date. Mrs. Blakeway there spent her child- 
hood and 3'outh, remaining under the parental roof 
until her marriage. She is on both sides of the 
house of Scotch descent. The mother died in Illi- 
nois about 1846. Subsequently the father sought 
tlie Pacific Slope, and spent his last days in Cali- 
fornia. John Blakewaj' was married to Miss Sadie 
Beckett, of Richland Township, and they live in 
Washington ; Edith is the wife of Lewis Hutchin- 
son, of Libertv, Neb.; they have one child, a 
daughter, Lura. 

=^ DDISON R. BARBOUR. It is a strange 
(. @Vu [' fact that comparatively few men take any 
'1\ active interest in educational affairs. They 
cast Iheir vote for school officers, and if 
their interest goes beyond this, it is at most shown 
in the building of a good school-house, one which 
they can point out to a stranger with some degree 
of pride. The}' leave to the School Board the hir- 
ing of the teacher, taking it for granted that those 
officers will select a capable one. A few mfln there 
are whose interest extends beyond this — who con- 
sider it tlieir duty, as well as pleasure, to learn 

something of the internal workings of the school 
system; giving the teachers their cordial support 
and sympath}' in their efforts to develop the youth- 
ful minds in their care. Among the latter class is 
the subject of this sketch, who, though a farmer, 
yet finds time to manifest his interest in the educa- 
tional affairs of his township. It could scarcely be 
otherwise, descending as he did from natives of 
those sections of our country where school-houses 
were among the first buildings erected in a new set- 

His father, Charles W. Barbour, was a native of 
New England. His mother, whose maiden name was 
Helen Woodcock, was a native of Massachusetts. 
They were married in the latter State, and removed 
to New York Cit}-, where Mr. Barbour engaged in 
the mercantile business for nine years. He then 
removed to Illinois, engaging in business first at 
Rochelle, and later in Ashton, thence removing to 
Geneva Lake, Wis., and leaving the latter place for 
Chicago, in September, 1880. He is now engaged 
in business on Cottage Grove Avenue, in the last 
named city. The mother died in Ashton, 111., 
leaving five children, four sons and one daughter. 
Our subject is the eldest of the family, having been 
born in New York City, March 24, 1855. He was 
quite young when his father came to Illinois, where 
he remained until the age of twenty-two. At this 
age, March, 1878, he came to Marshall County. 
Kan., where he first found emplo3'ment on a farm 
by the month. He tiien engaged in teaching for 
seven j'ears, and then rented land in Oketo Town- 
ship, and engaged in farming. In the fall of 1888 
he bought 120 acres on section 2, where he now 
resides, being also the owner of 160 acres in Ellis 
County, this State. Since giving up teaching, IMr. 
Barbour has given his attention to farming and 
stock-raising, which he is carrying on very suc- 

In Oketo Townshij), Oct. 25, 1882, occurred the 
marriage of Mr. Barbour to Miss Ella Benson, 
daughter of Henry P. and Maria (Travelute) Ben-' 
son, who are residents of that township. Mr. and 
Mrs. Benson have four sons and four daughters, of 
whom Mrs. Barbour is the eldest. She was born in 
Cook County, 111., May 25. 1863. Mr. and Mrs. 
Barbour are the parents of two children, Gilbert H., 



anr] Arthur Richmond. Our subject is a member 
of the Union Labor party. His record as a teacher, 
as well as his active interest in educational affairs, 
indicates that he is a man of intelligence and pub- 
lie worth. 

-|-t-|-^^#H-+ ■ 

i!^*HOMAS J. WOLVERTON. A pioneer of 
(/^^\ 1869, the suliject of this notice coming to 
'^^^y Walnut Township, this count}', in the spring 
of that jeai', homesteaded 160 acres of land where 
he now lives, and upon which he has effected mod- 
ern improvements. We find him the occupant of 
a fine, large, frame house, neatly painted and com- 
fortably furnished, and adjacent to it, a commodi- 
ous frame barn and the other structures required by 
the enterprising agriculturist. The greater part of 
his land has been brought to a good state of cul- 
tivation, including fortj' acres which he subse- 
quently purchased. The evidences of thrift and 
industry are apparent on every hand, and the Wol- 
verton homestead presents the picture of plenty 
and content which is delightful to contemplate. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Wyandot 
County, Ohio, Aug. 7, 1842. and lived there until 
a lad of thirteen years. Mis parents, Thomas and 
Catherine (Scout) Wolvertou, then removed with 
their little family to Iowa County. Mich., and 
thence, in 1859, to' Lee County, 111., where the 
death of the mother occurred about 1865. The 
father of our subject spent his last days with the 
latter in this county, departing hence in 1875. 
Both parents were natives of Pennsylvania, where 
the paternal grandparents, who were of Welsh and 
English ancestry, reared their family and spent 
their last days. Upon the mother's side, the grand- 
parents of our subject were from Germany, and 
died in Pennsylvania. 

In 1865, while a resident of Illinois, Mr. Wolver- 
ton was united in marriage with Ellen M., daugh- 
ter of Charles and Nancy (Bassett) Darby, who 
were natives of Ohio. They emigrated to Michi- 
gan when their daughter, Ellen, was a child of 
about eight years, and the mother died there in 
1865. Mr. Darby is still living in Michigan, and 

has now reached the ripe old age of eighty-four 
years. Our subject and his wife began the jour- 
ney of life together in Illinois, and his subsequent 
movements we have already indicated. They are 
the parents of three children, the eldest of whom, a 
daughter, Ella, is the wife of Albert Neider, of 
Greenleaf, Kan.; Anna became the wife of Charles 
Neider, and they live on a farm in Walnut Town- 
ship, this county; Verne, remains at home with her 

Mr. Wolverton keeps a goodly assortment of 
live-stock, just enough to be sustained comfort- 
ably on his farm. In politics, he affiliates with the 
Democratic party, and has held the office of Town- 
ship Clerk. His estimable wife is a member in 
good standing of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
They have a pleasant home, and live In the midst 
of plenty, enjoying the esteem and confidence of 
their neighbors. 

"^[OSEPH TOTTEN. This gentleman enjoys 
the distinction of being one of the oldest 
settlers of Guittard Township, having come 
to this region when there were only five or 
six families within the present limits of the town- 
ship, lie had a full experience of pioneer life, and 
opened up a farm from the wilderness, which he 
still owns and occupies. He settled upon it June 
3, 1858, and has made all the improvements which 
have transformed it from a tract of raw prairie 
into a valuable and well-regulated farm. It is 
finely located on section 9, and is embellished with 
a substantial stone dwelling, which has stood the 
storms of twenty years, and remains as firm as 
ever. In addition to this there is a substantial 
barn and the various other buildings which are 
required for the successful prosecution of agri- 

Upon the arrival of Mr. Totten in this region he 
found plenty of wild game and Indians. His white 
neighbors were few and far between. The out- 
look for the first few years was at times very du- 
bious, but he was possessed of a sturdy courage and 
resolution essential to the demands of the occasion, 



and bad prepared himself for every emergency. 
He was prospered in his labors, and while proceed- 
ing with the railtivation of his land and the construc- 
tion of his homestead, became a prominent man in 
his community, serving as Township Trustee four 
years, and for the last twenty j^ears has been a 
member of the School Board in his district (No. 
19), which he assisted in organizing. He was also 
instrumental in putting up the school buildings in 
this and other districts. A stanch Republican, 
politicallj-, he is warmly devoted to the interests of 
bis party, and has since its organization been a 
firm supporter of its principles. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Blanford, 
Mass., March 22, 1825, but three years later his par- 
ents removed to Albany, N. Y.,where tliey sojourned 
for a period of eight j-ears. They next emigrated to 
New Orleans, La., where they lived one year, and 
then set out for the North and located in Rock 
Island County. 111. There our subject completed 
a practical education in the common school, and 
chose farming for his life occupation. When 
ready to establish domestic ties he was united in 
marriage with Miss Susan Postin, Nov. 17, 1844. 
Soon afterward he removed to Minnesota, and in 
1858 to this county. For some .years after his settle- 
ment here he was obliged to journey to St. Joseph, 
for the family provisions and the necessary house- 
hold articles. Among the latter were a number of 
cats, for which he paid $1 each, to catch the mice 
which infested the premises, and all of his produce 
had to be transported to the same point. Thus he 
labored and managed until his industrj^ met its 
legitimate reward,'and he found himself upon solid 
grovind financiallj'. It took years of labor and an 
outlay of hundreds of dollars to bring his land to 
its present condition, and erect upon it the nen- 
cessary buildings. We find him now in the midst 
of plenty, with a sufBciency for his declining j-ears. 
He has watched the development of Marshall 
County with a warm interest, and by redeeming a 
portion of its soil from its primitive state has con- 
tributed his quota toward the upbuilding of iiis 

Mrs. Totten was born in Ohio Feb, 6. 1829, and 
when quite 3'oung was taken by her parents to 
Scott County, Iowa. She attended the common 

school, assisted in the household duties, and re- 
mained under the parental roof until her marriage. 
She is now the mother of twelve children, eight of 
whom are living : The eldest, a daughter, Eliza- 
beth, is the wife of G. W. Thorn, and the mother 
of eleven children; Emeroy is the wife of Peter 
Jones, of Guittard Township, and they have five 
children; John L. is married and tiie father of four 
children ; Florence, Mrs. Sharp, died leaving a 
family of seven children; Henry T. is married and 
is the father of eight children ; Eliza became the 
wife of J. T. Newton, who is now deceased; Frank 
H. is married and lives near Axtel; Nora, wife of 
R. S. Paulej^, is the mother of two children; Will- 
iam J. is married and the father of one child; Cora 
is the wife of H. Weaver, of Balderson Township. 
Mr and Mrs. Totten rejoice in the possession of 
three great-grandchildren. 

Henry M. Totten, father of our subject, was 
born in Rhode Island in March, 1795. He spent 
the most of his early life in his native State, and 
when reaching manliood was married to Miss Mi- 
riam Carpenter, who was born Jan. 4, 1804. They 
came to Iowa at an early date and the father died 
in 1864. The mother subsequently' removed to 
this county, and died at the home of H. T. Totten 
in 1878. at the age of seventy -seven years. 

Could Mr. Totten recite in detail the story of 
his pioneer life and his experiences on the frontier, 
there would be given to posterity an extensive 
and readable volume. There was very little hard 
cash in circulation, and none of the conveniences 
of modern life. The nearest mill was on the 
Missouri River, and sometimes they were obliged 
to go to Iowa Point. In the summer of 18G3 Mr. 
Totten started out to explore the farther West, his 
objective point being Denver, Col., to which he 
made the journey in seven months. He put up 
the first hotel in Marj'sville, and was concerned in 
the erection of the first three houses built in Frank- 
fort. In the fall of that year he worked 105 days, 
receiving therefor $315. He also officiated as 
Assessor that year, and was thus enabled to raise 
sufficient money to reach his necetsary expenses. 
Each year added something to tiie fertility of the 
soil and the value of his property, and in due 
time tliere was little cause for anxiety as to how 


Portrait and litoGRAPHicAL ALfetiM. 


be should make both ends meet. Those days have 
long passed avvaj% and sitting under his own vine 
and fig tree, Mr. Totten reviews the past with the 
satisfactory feeling that he has done what he could, 
and that his years have not been spent in vain. 


OWEN R. JONES, farmer and stock-raiser, 
resides on section 31, Vermillion Township, 
, . where hg operates a farm of 500 acres be- 
longing to his father-in-law, Horace L. Sage. The 
two gentlemen live in the same house, which is a 
large stone building, pleasantly situated a short 
distance fiom Barretts Station. Mr. Jones is of 
Welsh ancestrj', being the son of Owen and Mar- 
garet Jones, of Anglesea, North Wales, where our 
subject was born May 20, 1835. His parents had 
eleven children — John, Elizabeth, William, Dora- 
thea, Jacob, Owen R., Cadwallader, Hugh, Miriam, 
David ,andone who died in infancy. John is a far- 
mer living in Wales near the old home, is married 
■ and has a large family. Elizabeth is the wife of 
Owen Jones, who is a farmer and has five children. 
William is pursuing agriculture near Lake Crystal, 
Blue Earth Co., Minn., is married and has six 
cliildren. Dorathea died in Wales when about fif- 
teen j'ears old. Jacob is a retired farmer living in 
Emporia, Kan., and is married and has three chil- 
dren. Cadwallader lives in Wales and has a family 
of twelve children. Hugh died in infanc}'. Miriam 
was the wife of John Hughes, but was taken from 
her earthly, home in Wales at the earlj- age of 
twenty-five years. David was a farmer, and died 
in AVales in June, 1880, leaving a wife and four 

Our subject was reared upon a farm, where he 
remained until nineteen years of age. He then 
came to America, landing in New York, whence he 
went direct to Waukesha County, AVis. He at- 
tended school one winter, and afterward worked a 
month on a farm. Proceeding to Milwaukee he 
apprenticed himself to a carpenter, with whom he 
worked six months. Concluding that he preferred 
countiy to city life, he departed for Rochester, 
Minn., where lie was employed upon a farm for 

tuo years. During a brief sojourn in New Orleans, 
he enjoyed an insight into Southern life, but was 
not induced to make that his permanent home. In 
1859 he came to Knox County, 111., and tliere 
worked upon a farm, continuing at that occupation 
until the breaking out of the Civil War. 

In the summer of 1861 Mr. Jones enlisted in 
Company C, 42d Illinois Infantry, and immediately 
following his enlistment was actively engaged in 
various parts of Missouri, looking after Gen. Price. 
The command wintered at Tipton, in Moniteau 
County, and the following season took part in the 
engagements at Columbus, Ky., Island No. 10, and 
at New Madrid, when Col. Roberts spiked the stone 
battery and so enabled gun boats to proceed down 
the river. Our subject ^arrived on the field of 
Pittsburg Landing at the close of that memorable 
battle. He was at Farmington Miss., with Gen. 
Palmer at Ipka, also at Tuscumbia, Ala., Portland, 
Decatur, and during the latter part of 1862 at 
Nashville. In the latter city he remained about 
three months, being subsequently engaged in the 
battles of Stone River, TuUahoma, Tenn., Brido-e- 
port, Ala., Chickainauga and Mission Ridge. After 
the last named battle his company was sent to the 
relief of Burnsides at Knoxville. They next went 
to Dandridge, Tenn., and then crossed into North 

Mr. Jones' term of service having expired, he 
re enlisted at Stone Mills, East Tenn., and was 
given a thirty daj's veteran furlough. After this 
period of rest and recuperation he again entered 
actively into the life of a soldier, and took part in 
the conflicts at Buzzard's Roost, Rocky Faced 
Ridge, Resaca, Calhoun, Kenesaw and Lost Moun- 
tains, New Hope Church, Atlanta and Jonesboro, 
in Georgia. When the army was divided and 
Sherman started for the sea, our subject's command 
was sent jjack to Chattanooga. They were at Cc- 
lumbia, Tenn., Spring Hill., as well as at the bat- 
lies of Frankfort and Nashville, which resulted in 
the defeat of Hood by Gen. Thomas. From there 
they were sent to East Tennessee, near the home of 
Andrew Johnson, and were thence ordered to 
Texas, remaining in that State until mustered out. 
Mr. Jones was honorably discharged from service 
at Springfield, 111., in 1866, after a service of four 



years and five months, and was among the last of 
the members of the Union army to be mustered 
out. He returned to the quiet pursuits of agricul- 
ture, and rented a farm in Illinois until 1869. He 
then came to Kansas and settled in this county, 
where he continued to reside two years. Remov- 
ing to Gage County, Neb., he settled on land which 
now forms the site of Wymore. After a residence 
there of about eight years he sold out and removed 
to his present homestead. Hi; is the owner of 385 
acres of land on tlie Blue River, near the mouth of 
tlie Yermilliou. 

Mr. Jones was married May 20, 1866, to Miss 
Amy Sage. He has an interesting family of nine 
children, named respectively: Joseph E., Julia, 
Archibald, Horace, Owen W., Edith, Ellen, Jacob 
and Elma. 

Mr. Jones is a member of Henderson Post No. 
143. G. A. R., at Frankfort; also of Frankfort 
Lodge No.,67, A. F. & A. M. He belongs to the 
Republican party, giving to its principles the same 
sturdy support which he gave to the Nation in her 
time of need. He has been and is at present School 
Director, an office which he fills in an acceptable 
manner. He has been a very hard-working man, 
and well deserves the success that has crowned his 
efforts. As a man of kindlj^ nature, upright char- 
acter, a competent agriculturist and stockman, and 
a reliable citizen, he commands the respect of the 
people, who will welcome his portrait, which may 
be found elsewhere in this work, as a valuable and 
interesting feature thereof. 

;?{ _^ ON. J. T. WATKINS. Emerson says "All 
jf/]jj history is only biography.'" We find this 
'^)^ especialh" exemplified in the community in 
'^) which Mr. Watkins resides. Its history is 
onl^' the biography of a few men. chief among 
whom is our subject. Mayor of Beattie, and also a 
large and prominent farmer and stock-raiser. 

Our subject now owns 210 acres of fine farming 
land adjoining the cit^- on the cast. The ea",t lialf 
of the town of Beattie lies on his original half 
section, ISIr. Watkins having purchased it cif (he 

Government in 1860, while still in Indiana. The 
railroad coming througli, the town was platted be- 
tween Mr. James Fitzgerald, our subject and the 
railroad, which formed the station here. Our sub- 
ject gave the alternate lots to the railroad to locate 
a depot, and has disposed of the balance, his land 
originally running up to the center of sections 21 
and 22, on which Center street now runs. 

Jeremiah AV^atkins, father of our subject, was 
born in New Jersey, and moved to Pennsylvania, 
where he married Miss Anna Pugh. They reared 
a family of seven children. Removing to Dear- 
born County, Ind.. he died on the old farm, in Octo- 
ber, 1846. Our subject was horn Feb. 17, 1834 in 
Washington Count}-, Pa., where he lived until 
seven years of age, and with his parents removed 
to Indiana. There he finished his school education 
and worked on his father's farm until reaching his 
majority, when he took up farming for himself. 

Hannah Heustis, daughter of Elias and Sarah 
Heustis, was born in Dearborn County, Ind., where 
she lived until after her marriage to the subject of 
our sketch. Mr. Watkins continued farming in 
Indiana until the year 1876. He was also engaged 
in tlie sawmill and lumber business and also in the 
culture of bees, dealing in lionej- quite extensive!}', 
and being well known all over that section of the 
country as a successful apiarist, breeding and pro- 
pagating Italian bees. In the spring of 1877, he 
with his family removed to this State, settling in 
the town of Beattie. His farm was simply used for 
grazing purposes and he soon set about improving 
it. So successful was he in this undertaking that 
his farm is now considered one of the finest in Guit- 
tard Township. Mr. Watkins engaged in general 
stock raising, including fine grades of horses, cattle 
and hogs. He has also been interested in village 
real-estate, and still owns more or less town lands. 

Mr. and Mrs. Watkins have become the [)arents 
of five children — Clara Elvira, John E. Anna 
Florence. Ada M. and Paul C, all of whom are at 
home and enjoying thorough school advantages. 

The town of Beattie being incorporated in 1884, 
Mr. Watkins was chosen as a memberof its first Coun- 
cil, and has held cit}' office continuously since that 
time ; he is now serving his second term as Mayor. He 
h:is also been a memlier of llie School Board for 



the last six years, and is now serving as Clerk in 
tliat body. He has never been an office-seeking pol- 
itician, but serves his townsmen to the best of his 
abilil.y when chosen by them to represent their in- 
terests in local affairs. 

Until the time of the Civil War, Mr. Watkins 
was a member of the Democratic party. At that 
time he found reason to change his political views 
and turned squarely to Republicanism, where he has 
ever since remained. Our subject has been a lead- 
ing man in organizing the Baptist Church and 
building the edifice of that society. Every matter 
pertaining to the building was left to his care and 
faithfully has he discharged the duties that de- 
volved upon him. He is now a Deacon of the 
church and one of its chief supporters. All in 
all, Mr. Watkins is a man without whom Beattie 
would not be what it now is, in a commercial, 
moral or social way. 

ON. MILO A. TUCKER. A stirring and 
V successful business man and farmer, Mr. 
Tucker retired from the active labors of 
farm life in 1880, and established himself 
as a grocer and proprietor of a meat-market in 
Beattie. He sold out this latter enterprise in 1888, 
and since that time has been taking life easy amid 
the comforts of a pleasant home in the central part 
of the city. He is familiarly known to most of the 
people of this region as one of its most reliable 
men and praiseworthy citizens. 

In briefly reviewing the life historj' of Mr. 
Tucker, we find he was born in Mercer (Jountj-, 
Pa., Sept. 11, 1833. When he was a boy of three 
years his parents removed to Ripley Count}', Ind., 
where he developed into manhood, and resided 
until 1856, engaged in farming pursuits. That 
year, pushing still further Westward, he established 
himself in Marshall Countj', Iowa, where he prose- 
cuted agriculture until after the outbreak of the 
Civil War. In 1862 he enlisted as a Union sol- 
dier in Company K, 23d Iowa Infantry, which was 
assigned to the Army of the Tennessee, 13th Army 
Corps, and operated around Vieksburg and other 

important points in the South. During his service 
of nearly three years he took part in the battles of 
Ft. Gibson, May 1, 1860; Champion Hills, May 
16; Black River Bridge, May 17; and was in the 
siege of Vieksburg, after which he assisted in 
guarding the prisoners during their transportation 
from the captured city to Memphis. In the mean- 
time, on account of exposure, he had contracted 
rheumatism, from which he suffered severely, and 
just before the expiration of his term of enlistment 
was obliged to accept his honorable discharge on 
account of disability. His army record will bear 
lair comparison with that of thousands of others, 
who took their lives in their hands and went to 
fight the battles of their country. 

Upon retiring from the army, Mr. Tucker re- 
turned to Marshall County, Iowa, where he lived one 
year, and then proceeded further westward to Paw- 
nee Countj% Neb. There, taking up a tract of wild 
land, he proceeded with its improvement and cul- 
tivation, and lived upon the farm which he thus 
opened until 1872. Then, selling out, he came to 
this county, of which he has since been a resident. 
In the meantime he was married, Nov. 22, 1855, 
to Miss Sarah Small, a native of Indiana and the 
daughter of Samuel Small, who was of P^nglish de- 
scent, and whose parents were natives of Kent 
County, England. He emigrated to Pawnee County, 
Neb., and died there in 1868. His widow is still 
living, and a resident of Pawnee Cit}'. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Tucker there have been born 
seven children, and the family circle remains un- 
broken by death. The eldest, Martha E., is now 
the wife of William Hatton, of Richland Township; 
Theron W. occupies himself at railroading, and is 
a resident of East Norway; Samuel D. employs 
himself as a butchei' in Wallace, Kan.; Thomas C. 
is an employe of the Grand Island Railroad, and 
lives in Beattie; Sarah E., Lena M. and Milo A., 
remain at home with their parents. Mr. Tucker, 
with his wife and five of their children, are mem- 
bers in good standing of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Mr. Tucker, politically, votes the straight 
Republican ticket, and gives his unqualified support 
to the principles of this party. 

David Tucker, the father of our subject, was 
l)orn in Pennsylvania in 1805. In Mercer County, 



about 1826, be was married to Miss Eleanor Hazen, 
who was born in that count}', March 7, 1807. They 
remained residents of the Keystone State until 
1836. The father followed farming all his life, 
and died in Indiana. The widowed mother tiien 
removed to the vicinity of Albion, Marsliall Co., 
Iowa, where she died in 1862. They were the par- 
ents of seven children, all of whom lived to mature 
years. The youngest SsOn and child, Haden L., 
was the first to be called hence, having died in 
the army. 

Samuel and Elizabeth (ClarU) Small, the parents 
of Mrs. Tucker, emigrated from Kent County, 
Ergland, prior to their marriage, and after this 
event were residents of Indiana until 18.')6. Then, 
removing to Marshall County, Iowa, they lived 
there until 1864. Thence they went to Pawnee 
County, Neb., and the father improved a farm in 
the vicinity of "West Branch, where he sojourned 
until his death, which occurred in 1868. 

Mr. Tucker has been a prominent man in his 
community, representing his ward in the City 
Council, and likewise offlciating as Mayor of Beat- 
tie. He owns a farm in the vicinity of Frankfort, 
and Ins a neat and comfortable home on Center 
street, in the central part of the city. A life of 
lionesty and uprightness has gained him the esteem 
and confidence of his fellow-men, while his indus- 
try, economy and good judgment have enalilcd 
him to fortify himself against want in his old age. 

^ ONATHAN BISHOP. If the amazed old- 
world traveler seeks to know the reason of 
the wonderful growth of the Far West, es- 

!jjf/ pecially of that young giant Kansas, he 
must look for it not so much in the character of 
the soil or climate, although they are favorable, as 
in the disposition of the carl}' settlers. The usual 
freedom accorded all classes of people and all legit- 
imate enterprises in this noble and progressive 
State is due, no doubt to the fact that all, or ne.arly 
all the original settlers were native Americans. It 
is not here asserted that Americans are a more 
liberty loving race -than the people of any other 

nation, but they have had a longer experience of 
its blessings tlian almost anj' others, and have ex- 
perimented more largely with the various theories 
of freedom offered for their acceptance by different 
classes and conditions of pefiple, and are there- 
fore better fitted to put into practical operation 
those principles of true freedom which have best 
stood the tests of actual practice. 

The father of the subject of this sketch was 
George Bishop, a native of the State founded by 
that sedate old lover of freedom and equal and 
exact justice — William Penn. The mother was 
Ellen Smith, also a native of the Keystone State. 
After marriage, Mr. and Mrs. George Bishop re- 
moved from Pennsylvania and settled in Greene 
County, Ohio, where they continued to reside the 
remainder of their lives. The}' became the parents 
of nine children, of whom our subject was the third. 

Jonathan Bishop was born in Greene County, 
Ohio. May 7, 1838. He grew to manhood on his 
father's farm, and remained at home until his mar- 
ri.age. Nov. 14, 1861, he took for a life partner 
Miss Luciuda Rakestraw, the event being celebrated 
in Clarke County, Ohio. Mrs. Bishop is a daugh- 
ter of Joseph .and Isabella (Goudy) Rakestraw, na- 
tives respectively of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. 
Immediately after marriage they journeyed to 
Illinois and located in Mason County, where they 
made their home for some time, subsequently re- 
turning to Clarke County, Ohio, where they lived 
until the close of life. Their family comprised 
four children, of whom Mrs. Bishop is the eldest. 
She was born in Clarke County Oct. 8, 1840, and 
remained in the parental care until her marriage. 
She received a good education in her youth, which 
she has kept constantly polished by extensive read- 
ing of standard works, and by social intercourse 
and keen observation of the powers and phenomena 
of nature, by which she is surrounded. 

Mr. and Mrs. Bishop are the parents of nine 
children, four of whom are living. They are: 
George A. married Miss Blinn; Joseph M., Mary 
E. and Albertus R. The deceased are Mary E. who 
died when fourteen years old; Flora E. died when 
seven; Ocie M. also fell asleep at the interesting 
age of seven years; Albert R. crossed his little 
hands in the dreamless sleep of innocence when a 



promising babe of fourteen inontlis; one other 
little "bud of hope" was plucked by the nngel of 
death, and transplanted to the Father's garden of 
immortality to bloom in perpetual beauty beside 
the crystal River of Life. 

The first home of our subject after his marriage 
was made in Clarke County, Ohio, where he resided 
four years on a farm which he operated. Hoping 
to improve his fortunes, he removed to DeKalb 
County, Jnd., and resided there until 1878, when 
he removed to Marshall County Kan., and settled 
in Center Township, on section 28, wliere lie lias 
since made his home. 

Mr. Bishop enjoys the confidence of the commu- 
nity in which he lives, which is attested by the fact 
that he was elected to the office of Justice of the 
Peace, and re-elected to the same position when his 
term had expired in tlie fall of 1888. He takes a 
deep interest in all matters pertaining to the politi- 
cal welfare of the country, and is active in further- 
ing the interests of the party with which he 
affiliates in his own district. His abilities in 
managing a campaign have been recognized and 
his services utilized in placing him in a responsible 
position on the townsliip Central Committee. 
The educational interests of the township, in which 
he takes a pronounced interest, will never suffer so 
long as he is kept in his present position as a mem- 
ber of the School Board, an office which he has filled 
for several years. Any enterprise having for its 
object the furthering of the public welfare can 
depend upon the help and counsel of Mr. Bishop. 
His numerous public and private benefactions have 
endeared him to a large circle of friends, and have 
won for him a deserved popularity among the 

f|)AN S. WHITE is a son of Judge Robert 
White, of Marysville, Marshall Co.. Kan., a 
sketch of whom may be seen in another part 
of this work. He was born in Carter County, Ky., 
May 5, 1845, where he passed the early years of his 
life of his childhood's home surrounded by the lov- 
ing care of his- parents, and the devoted ministra- 
tions of the sable tenants of his father's estate. 

When young Van was thirteen years old, his parents 
removed to Miami County, Kan., and he remained 
with them in their new home f(jr about five years. 
His education was not carried on very systemati- 
cally, but the stirring events transpiring in the 
State of his adoption, supplied to a great extent, 
the lack of a more bookish stock of knowledge. 

About the year 1863, our subject went to Colo- 
rado, and engaged in the stirring and sometimes 
dangerous, but always fascinating occupation of 
raining. His success was not remarkable, but his 
labors were productive of a fair degree of remun- 
eration, and he returned to Kansas with capital 
enough to set up in a business, which, if less excit- 
ing than the one he had abandoned, promised 
surer and more steady returns, and permitted its 
followers to enjoy all the comforts and elegancies 
of civilized life. The mining experience of Mr. 
White extended over a period of about six j-ears, 
and upon his return he located in Marshall County, 
Kan., in the vicinity of Marysville, where he con- 
tinued to reside until 1886, when he purchased 160 
acres of land in Center Townshii), on section 13, 
and erecting commodious and handsome build- 
ings, engaged in the business of general farming 
and stock-raising. His strong common sense prompts 
him without neglecting any otiier duty, to confine 
his attention to a special department of the general 
occupation mentioned above, and so thinking, he 
has chosen to make a specialty of raising fine horses 
and cattle. The success attending his efforts, has 
amply justified his wisdom and foresight in so 

Mr. White and Miss Marj' J. Grimes, daughter 
of the late James H. and Susan Giimes, deceased in 
Marshall County, were united in marriage in Cen- 
ter Township, Feb. 22, 1870, and have been blessed 
with six children, namely: Silas H., Margaret E., 
Susan M., Van S., Jr., Ann E., and Maud. Mrs. 
Mary J. White was born in Virginia, Sept. 16, 
1849, and is a fine, handsome lad}', well calculated 
to grace a i)alace, but serenely content to fulfill the 
more important, if less outwardly lofty duty of 
training the children of her household, that they 
may worthily fill honorable stations in the future 
of this great Nation. 

Mr. White is not much of a politician, as he says 



he has no time to attend to the minute details of 
party management, but he keeps his eyes open to 
taiie careful note of all great questions agitating 
the public mind. Being a firm believer in the prin- 
ciples of the Democratic party, he supports it with 
his freeman's right of suffrage. The deep interest 
he has always taken in educational matters, has re- 
sulted in placing him in the position of School 
Director, which he has held for some time with 
great credit. 

^l OHN McKEE. The eye of the passing 
traveler, weary with the rays of a summer 
noonday sun, beholds with pleasure and 
longing, the inviting shade furnished by 
seemingly innumerable trees, nestling in a valley, 
and throwing their branches out in strong relief 
against the surrounding landscape, while the foli- 
age seems to rest upon the clouds hovering in the 
distance, and green and blue are intermingled in 
bright yet restful contrast. Coming graduallj- 
nearer, soon the landscape enlarges, and an orchard 
of perhaps 1,000 trees presents itself to view. 
Clusters of ripe, tempting fruit hang suspended, 
which appears to have been kissed lovingly and 
linferinglj' by the morning light, and to have 
caught the glow of the orb of day, reflecting 
his blushes over the world. Twenty acres of fine 
land are devoted to the culture of fruit, while one- 
half acre is devoted to grape culture. Here are 
cultivated various kinds of grapes, which hang 
pendant from the vines, and purple and sweet, are 
beautiful as well as tempting. 

He to whom this, one of the finest orchards in 
all the State of Kansas, is due, and of whom we 
write this biographical notice, is John McKee, 
owner and proprietor of section 17, in Center 
Township. Ireland is the land of his birth, and the 
date thereof Oct. 23, 1828. But no recollections of 
the lakelets, moorlands, and heaths of the green 
isle of Inisfail, hover around his childhood days, 
for when onl^' one jear old he was taken by his 
parents to the township of Smith, near Peterborough, 

Canada. Under such diverse circumstances from 
the beginning of his life, he grew through the joj^s 
and sorrows incident to childhood, and became 
familiar with the duties devolving upon a farmer. 
Xaturallj^ upon reaching manhood he chose that as 
his calling, "and engaged in agricultural pursuits 
until January, 1871, when he removed further 
South, leaving the possessions of the English, and 
forever more casting his lot amid the heterogeneous 
suiTOundings of a new land. He settled on his 
present land, which he had purchased two yeai-s 
prior to his removal to Kansas. 

Marshall County had by this time become quite 
an agricultural center, and was developing from 
its primitive wildness, so our subject did not 
participate in the first opening up of the land, but 
his farm was in appearance totally different from 
its present condition. His earnest, unremitting 
labor has brought about this change, for he has 
erected a commodious, comfortable home, attract- 
ive without, and within cosily furnished, exhibit- 
ing every wliere the presence of refined tastes. The 
entire estate is fenced by hedge, which looks es- 
pecially pretty during the summer season, and 
is always well trimmed and neatly kept. 

Prior to his removal to this county, Mr. McKee 
was united in marriage, June 11, 1852, in his old 
home in Peterborough, Upper Canada, with Miss 
Marj' Finlay, a native of Wicklow, Ireland, and 
born March 3, 1835. The Emerald Isle was her 
childhood home, but when a maiden of twelve or 
tliirteen years she came with her parents to Canada, 
and under the parental roof continued to reside 
until she went to make a home for her husband. 
Quite a number of years after marriage IMr. and 
Sirs. McKee came to make their home in the 
United States. Tlieir family consisted of five chil- 
dren, of whom the eldest is a son, William L., wlio 
is at home; Susan, the second born, is the wife of 
Allen Reed, and resides in Center Township, Kan.; 
Temple and Nina remain to enliven the home, while 
Flora is the wife of Theodore Pollock, and lives in 

Notwithstanding his devotion to general farm- 
ing. Mr. McKee is interested in cattle raising, and 
buys and feeds them in large numbers 
He does not work in political circles with any act- 



ive partisansliip, but is firmly ''dj'ed in the wool " 
of Republican principles, casting his ballot for its 
nominees. Religiouslj^ Mr. and Mrs. McKce are 
members of the Baptist Church, and are particu- 
larly charitable toward those in want, whether the 
jieed be one of the soul or body, and are emi- 
nently worthy of the proud position they occupy 
in the esteem of their neighbors. 

ILLIAM C. THOMPSON, who occupies a 
i\\/r\/// farm on section 26, Balderson Township, 
is a native of Branch Countj', Mich. His 
l)irth took place Dee. 15, 1843, and in his native 
count}' he grew to manhood. Though quite young 
at the breaking out of the Civil War, he entered 
into tlie patriotic enthusiasm which swept over the 
North, and in August. 1862, enlisted in Company 
G, 4th Michigan Cavalry. He took a gallant share 
in the regimental work in the terrible contests at 
Murfreesboro and Stone River, and through the 
Thomas campaign. Receiving his discharge in 
September, 1863, he returned to Michigan and be- 
gan farming. 

In the spring of 1 869 was celebrated the mar- 
riage of our subject to Olive Hamilton, a native 
of New York State, where she was born July 10, 
1847. She is the daughter of James and Bath- 
sheba (Ncal) Hamilton, natives of Scotland and 
New Jersey, both deceased. Mrs. Thompson was 
the youngest of two children, though each of her 
parents had been married before. Her father had 
been a soldier in the War of 1812. Mrs. Thomp- 
son has become the mother of four children, three 
of whom are living: Justin H., Bertha May and 
Myrtle L. 

The father of our subject was William G. Thomp- 
son, a farmer and cooper, and a native of Ver- 
mont. His mother was Betsey (Reed) Thompson, 
a native of Maine. They were wedded in Maine, 
and after a few years spent in that State, emigrated 
to Canada, where they remained for many years. 
In 1840 they went to Michigan, being very early 
settlers of the section in which they made their 
home. In that State they remained until their 

death, the father dying in 1858, and the mother 
in 1868. The parental family consisted of twelve 
children, our subject being the eleventh. Nine of 
the family still survive. 

The subject of our sketch came to Kansas in 
1870, settling upon the farm where he still resides. 
He has eighty acres of land, all under cultivation, 
and. in addition to his farming, raises some stock. 
He has now seven head of horses and a dozen head 
of fat hogs. He is a member of Chase Post No. 101, 
G. A. R., at Beattic. He takes an active interest 
in politics, and is a straight Republican, who never 
fails to cast his vote in beh-alf of the principles 
which he advocates. He is at present serving as 
Justice of the Peace, discharging the duties of this 
office in a credital)le manner. For several 3'ears 
he has been a member of the School Board. 

HOMAS PETERS. Half a hundred years, 
or thereabouts, B. C, Julius Ciesar, then in 
the full tide of his glory, carried his vic- 
torious arms across the narrow portion of the 
sea which separates the island of Britain from 
the continent of Europe, and succeeded after sev- 
eral ineffectual attempts in, at least partiallj', con- 
quering the natives. They were a brave race and 
only bided their time to throw off the Roman yoke. 
The time at length came, but the emancipated peo- 
ple were not destined to long enjoy their land in 
peace. The barbarous nations of Northwestern 
Europe invaded the fertile lowlands, and despite 
the utmost exertions of the rightful owners of the 
soil they gradually possessed themselves of all the 
level districts, pushing the natives into the mount- 
ainous regions where they were at last successful 
in staying the onward march of the invading hosts. 
The people who thus found refuge in what is now 
called Cornwall, in unison with the adjoining dis 
trict now known as the principality of Wales, main- 
tained their independence and language for many 
cent<iries. In course of time, owing to its position 
on the border between England an<l Wales, its 
people became largely assimilated in manners and 
language with the dominant English. Intermar- 



riages became comparatively common, and in- 
creased in frequency as the years rolled on, so that 
to-day it is probable that the Cornish have more 
English than Welsh lilood in their veins. In spite 
of what has just been said of their admixture 
with the English, they still retain many national 
peculiarities, and it is perhaps needless to say are 
very proud of their ancestry, 

The subject of this sketch, as well as his father, 
William, and his mother, Elizabeth. (Blake) Pe- 
ters, were born in that celebrated land and cherish 
the traditions of their race with loving fidelity. 
William Peters and Elizabeth Blake were married 
in Cornwall and continued to reside in their native 
place until after the birth of their eldest son, 
'Ihoraas, Feb. 15. 1824. When the child was about 
six years old the parents emigrated to Canada and 
remained there during the remainder of their lives. 
Their home was in Hope Township, Durham 
County, where the father died in 1860. They were 
the parents of eight children, Thomas, as before 
stated, being the eldest. When the gentleman wiiose 
name heads this sketch was twenty-seven years old 
he left his father's house and opened a farm in 
Durham County, which he operated twenty years. 
He left Ontario in the fall of 1871 and located on 
section 32, Center Township, Marshall Co., Kan., 
where he purchased 160 acres of fertile land, and 
set to work to bring it under cultivation. During 
the time that has elapsed since lie became a resident 
of the State of Kansas, he has diligently striven 
to improve his farm to the utmost, and has the 
satisfaction of knowing that the labor has not been 
bestowed in vain. He is now the owner of a com- 
fortable and pleasant home, where he maj' reasona- 
bly hope to spend the remainder of his life in peace 
and contentment. Although his various buildings 
are not so handsome as some that his neighbors 
have erected, yet they answer his purpose very well 
and therefore cause him no needless anxiety. 

March 7, 1850, Mr. Peters and Miss Mary Anne 
Bedford were united in marriage at the home of 
the bride's parents in Hope, Durham County, On- 
tario. The birth of Mrs. Peters occurred Feb. 7, 
1828, in the same village in which she was subse- 
quently married. This union lias resulted in the 
addition of eight children to the family of Mr. and 

Mrs. Peters, namely: Franklin R. ; Charlotte, John 
E., Mar^' E., Anna B.. Alfred B., Ellen .J. and Fan- 
nie O. Franklin resides at home and is a great 
comfort and support to his parents, who are now 
in the decline of life; Charlotte is the wife of Will- 
lam Little; John is a resident of Kalamazoo, Mich. ; 
Mar}' is the wife of Charles Baker, of Brown 
County, Kan.; Anna is the wife of the Rev. Rich- 
ard Flnley, also of Brown County, Kan.; Ellen is 
the wife of Franklin Hunt, of Blue Rapids Town- 
ship, this county; Fannie is the wife of John Hunt, 
and also resides in Blue Rapids Township. 

Mr. Peters and his family are entitled to and re- 
ceive the respect and esteem of their neighbors for 
their many good qualities. The integrity of Mr. 
Peters has never been questioned, as following the 
traditions of his race, he regards his word as 
others do their oath. This conscientious regard 
for the principles of right and justice, while it 
may not have made him a millionaire, has pro- 
cured for him the implicit confidence of all with 
whom business or social duties have brought him in 
contact, and is a better heritage to bequeath to his 
children than all the golden wealth of the Astors 
or Yanderbilts. Our subject and his wife are both 
active and devoted members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. In political affairs, Mr. Peters 
is in active sympathy- with the Republican party. 

;ILLIAM H. KOENEKE, one of the most 
prominent men of the village of Herkimer, 
is an extensive grain dealer, and has an 
elevator which is a credit to the town, and brings 
to it a large amount of business. He is a public- 
spirited citizen, taking a genuine interest in what- 
ever pertains to the welfare of the communitj'. and 
giving substantial encouragement to the projects 
calculated for its advancement. 

Our subject was born in Cook County. III., July 
15, 1852, and in 1860, when a boy of eight years old, 
accompanied his parents, Thomas and Maiy (Schatta) 
Koeneke, to this county. They located on a tract 
of wild land in Logan Township, where the father 
instituted a good houKstead and where the parents 



still live. Thomas Koeneke was a native of Hol- 
stein, German}', where he was reared and he married 
a maiden who was horn in Hanover. Both were of 
pure German stock, and emigrated to America 
prior to their marriage, which took plate at Blue 
Island, Cook Co., 111. They had been trained 
from childhood in the doctrines of the Lutheran 
Church, to which the}' still loyally adhere. 

Growing up amid the pioneer scenes of life 
on the frontier, our subject became strong and 
well developed, and at an early age was taught to 
make himself useful on the new farm. Wild ani- 
mals were plentiful at the time his parents settled 
liere, also the Otoe Indians, who were their near 
neighbors, but peaceable and friendly. His school 
advantages were quite limited, but by his own 
efforts he acquired sufficient education to prosecute 
business successfully. Upon approaching manhood 
he left the farm and engaged in the lumber busi- 
ness with his brother-in-law, AVilliam Wieters, con- 
tinuing with him until 1887, when he purchased 
the entire business and is now conducting it alone. 
He began operating in grain some years ago. and 
later also purchased the interest of Mv. Wieters in 
this branch of trade. 

In the fall of 1888 Mr. Koeneke put up a large 
elevator, and in addition to his lumber trade in 
this place, is also carrying on a similar business at 
Bremen, in this county. He^likewise has a farm of 
ninety acres adjacent to the town limits, and a fine 
dwelling is now (August, 1889) in process of erec- 
tion. He also has two other farms of 160 acres 
each in other parts of the county, both of which 
are under a good state of cultivation, and improved 
with the necessary buildings. Mr. Koeneke has 
made the most of his money in his farming prop- 
erty, and is now unquestionably well-to-do. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Julia, 
daughter of Frederick and Catherine Broekmyer, 
was celebrated at the bride's home in May, 1878. 
Mrs. Koeneke was born in Kansas, of German par- 
ents, her father having emigrated from Hanover 
some years since. Her mother was a native of 
Mecklenburg, and they now live near Hanover in 
Washington County. Mr. and Mrs. Koeneke are 
the parents of four children, viz.: Sophia, Ernest, 
Mary and Julia. Both parents and children are 

members of the Lutheran Church, in which our 
subject and his wife were carefully reared by their 
respective parents. Mr. Koeneke has been quite 
prominent in local affairs, and served as Treasurer 
of Marysville Township, when Herkimer was a part 
of that township. He is widely and favorably 
known throughout this section as one of its most 
useful and wide-awake men. 


|l_^UBBARD C. SMITH, a pioneer, of 18.i8, 
ill jV came to this State in the above-mentioned 
'£y^' year, and to Marshall County in 1866. He 

ij^ established himself as a farmer in the 
wilds of Guittard Township, and is now numbered 
among the prominent business men of the city of 
Beattie. He is engaged as a general merchant, 
and is the owner of a fine body of improved land, 
embracing 320 acres on sections 28 and 29, which 
is operated by a renter and largely devoted to fine 
stock. Mr. Smith is thus in the enjoyment of a 
handsome income, and is looked upon as one of the 
leading men of this community. 

Mr. Smith was born in Gardner, Me., July 21, 
1 834, but when a child of two years his parents 
removed to Ohio, where his father died while still 
a young man, in 1842. The mother then returned 
with her children to the Pine Tree State, where 
Hubbard C, our subject, lived until a youth of 
eighteen years. Then leaving New England he 
emigrated to Ohio, and completed his education in 
Baldwin University, after an attendance of two 
years. At the expiration of this time he, in the 
spring of 1858, made his way to Kansas, sojourn- 
ing for a time at Wyandotte and St. Joseph. In the 
meantime he employed himself in teaching school, 
until the fall of that year. 

Young Smith rfow set out across the plains with 
a wagon train to New Mexico, where a compar.i- 
tively brief sojourn satisfied him and he returned 
to Wyandotte. In 1859, still infected with the 
spirit of adventure, he started for Pike's Peak with 
a wagon, to which was attached a yoke of cows and 
a yoke of bulls. Some of his men. however, fail- 



ing hira, he turned back before reaching his desti- 
nation and began cutting and selling hay in Kan- 
sas City, at a time when there only a few houses 
on the >lnff, and a cornfield between it and tlie 
bluff. That year also Mr. Smith repaired to Roch- 
ester, and took up his abode with Dr. Sheldon, the 
first physician in this region. Later we find hira 
in Centralia, Xemaha County, stopping with the 
Galesburg Colony. Later he rode from Centralia 
to Galesburg, 111., camping out at night and being 
two weeks on the road. Thence he repaired to his 
native State, via Cleveland, Ohio, and spent the 
winter. In the spring lie started to return, repair- 
ing to Boston to take a steamer, when the news 
came of the firing upon Ft. Sumter. The next 
morning our subject enlisted as a Union soldier in 
Comp.any C, 3d Maine Infantry, for three months' 
service. He did this from pure patriotism, as he 
had been proffered a good position in Ohio. His 
regiment was sent to Alexandria, arriving there 
soon after the shooting of Col. Elsworth — an epi- 
sode which will be remembered as one of the most 
thrilling events of the war. 

The 3d Maine Infantry was one of the first regi- 
ments at the battles of Bull Run and Arlington 
Heights, and after the battle of Alexandria it was 
re-organized and assigned to the command of Gen. 
McClellan. They were ordered to Fortress Mon- 
roe, and spent some time in the swamps of York- 
town. Later Mr. Smith was assigned to picket 
duty, and frequently slept in '"AYashington's pew." 
He still preserves a piece of wood from this pew in 
the church, wliich he sent to the maiden, wlio after- 
ward became his wife, ))ut who was then merely a 
girl. Their next point was Fair Oaks, where they 
pitched their tents and made excellent beds of 
evergreen branches. In the meantime Mr. Smith 
had been promoted to Orderly Sergeant. Night 
after night the troops dozed on their arms, as it 
were, being drawn up in line of battle, and one 
night Mr. Smith obtained sleep on a bed made of 
three rails tlirown over a ditch half filled with 
water. This was his last night in the ranks. The 
next day at 9 A. M. they were early drawn up in 
line of battle, their breakfast being brougiit to 
them, lest the enemy should surprise them un- 
prepared. In the engagement which followed 

many of the rebel troops were taken prisoners, and 
Mr. Smith received a rebel bulletin his lung, which 
lie still carries. He was sent to the hospital at 
Fortress Monroe, being carried six miles by men 
on a stretcher. He was well cared for, and regards 
his sojourn at that fortress as one of the most 
pleasant episodes in his life. Two weeks later he 
was sent to Albany, and being the first wounded 
soldier to arrive tjiere, was warmly received, and 
remained there until being given a furlough. He 
then returned to his native State, and was given an 
honorable discharge in November, 1862. 

Our subject remained in his native State the fol- 
lowing winter, and would willingly have re-en- 
tered the service had he felt able to do so. He 
was finally drafted and attempted to do duty, but 
after six months he was sent to the convalesent 
camps at Arlington Heights, where he spent the 
winter, and was a second time discharged in the 
spring of 1864. He then returned to the West and 
purchased a farm near Ceuti'alia, Nemaha Co., 
Kan., where he made the usual improvements and 
remained until 1866. That year he sold out and 
located as a homesteader on the farm whicii he now 
owns. He battled with grasshoppers and other 
disadvantages until 1873. That j'ear on account 
of ill-health, he abandoned farm life, and com- 
menced his experience as a general merchant. 
Aside from his residence in Beattie, he owns other 
valuable cit^' propert}- and is generally well-to-do. 

For the last twenty' years Mr. Smith has been 
most of the time a member of the School Board, 
and has represented his ward in the Cit}' Council. 
He was appointed Postmaster by President Ha3-es, 
and held the office from 1878 until 1885, a period 
of seven years and seven daj'S, and upon settling 
with the department there was found to be $13 to 
his credit. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Vina 
Hamilton occurred at Old Centralia, Nemaha 
County, Oct. 8, 1865. Mrs. Smith was born in 
Malioning County, Ohio. April 18, 1844, and is the 
daughter of Hugh Hamilton, a pioneer settler of 
Nemaha County who came to Centralia as earl>' as 
1858. Of this union there have been born five 
children, onlj' three of whom are living — Frank L., 
Ray F. and Harry C. Mrs. Rachael (McCune) 



Hamilton, the mother of Mrs. Smith, spent her 
last days near the latter, dying at the farm in 1883. 
The father is still living and a resident of this 

John Smith, the father of our subject, was, like 
his son, a native of Maine, and in early manhood 
married Miss Martha Wakefield, of Gardner. TJiere 
were born to them five children, four of whom 
lived to mature years. The- mother, after the 
death of her husband, came to Kansas, and spent 
her last days with her son, our subject, dying in 
November, 1868. Besides their own children Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith have an adopted daughter, Marian, 
who is now ten j'ears of age. 

-~^A,-^*^J^c®^5@* } 


'if, OHN G. BROWN. Were all the men of 
Elm Creek Township as enterprising as Mr_ 
Brown there would not be a neglected farm 
within its limits or anj' tumble-down build- 
ings and poorly-fed stock. Without making any 
pretensions to elegance, he has a well-regulated 
home and believes in extracting all the comfort 
from life that is possible. He is a skilled farmer 
and has had a large experience as a dealer in live 
stock. His possessions embrace 170 acres of choice 
land, finely located on section 26. During his 
younger years he studied for a veterinary surgeon 
and has attained quite a reputation as a practitioner, 
being very successful. He keeps quite a large 
number of horses and cattle and takes a pardonable 
pride in the results of his labors, both as a farmer 
and the success of his operations in live stock. 

Our subject was born in Cook County, 111., May 
18, 1848, and is the son of John and Catherine 
(Landgraff) Brown, who were both natives of Ger- 
man^'. The parents upon emigrating to America 
settled in the above-nanied county, where they 
spent the remainder of their lives. Their family 
included nine children of whom John G. was the 
second born. His father died when he was but 
three years old and he was doubly orphaned by 
the death of his mother ten years later and then, a 
lad of thirteen, was thrown upon his own resources 
and commenced the battle of life for himself. I'jy 

the advice of friends he went to Blue Island and 
entered the employ of a drayman with whom lie 
remained two years. We next find him in the 
now great city of Chicago, studying veterinary art 
under the instruction of his uncle, John Landgraff, 
with whom he remained three years. 

Finally, our subject leaving the city rented a 
large farm of 490 acres west of it, which he operated 
three years. Then setting out for the farther 
West, he came to this county and locating on a 
farm in Marysville Township, raised one season's 
crops. He then returned to Chicago which had 
been devastated by the big fire, and eng.aged in the 
practice of veterinary surgery, while he put in his 
spare time in gardening at which he was employed 
ten or twelve months. In 1877 he returned to this 
county and purchased two farms in Herkimer 
Township west of Marysville, where he lived about 
seven years. Then selling out he purchased a 
farm south, in Elm Creek and lying on section 4. 
In due time he sold this also and purchased one- 
half of section 35 in Marysville Township, and a 
part of section 4 in Elm Creek Township. He sold 
this property three years later and purchased that 
which he now owns. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Brown there have been born 
nine children, viz.: Eva, William, George, Katie, 
Minnie, Emma, Mary, John and Frederick. Mr. 
Brown, politically, gives his support to the Demo- 
cratic party and his excellent wife is a member in 
good standing of the Baptist Church. Mr. Brown 
has carefully examined the questions relating to 
capital and labor, and some time since identified 
himself with the A. 0. U. W. He is also a mem- 
ber of the K. of H. and the German Odd Fellows. 

-«»•+«- ^-SjJl^jjf^-HH- ft- 

NDREW BIGHAM. On section 22 in 
Marysville Township, lies the homestead 
of the subject of this sketch, a worthy 
monument to his industry and persever- 
ance. A man perhaps who has not been the hero 
of any thrilling event, he has yet made footprints 
on the sands of time, which will be discernable long 
after he has departed hence, by the influence which 



he has exerted and the example of diligence and 
frugalitj' by which communities have been built 
up and the fabric of societj' given a solid and 
steadfast existence. Upon the character of its 
early settlers largely depends the status of a com- 
munity and Mr. Bigham has inateriall}- assisted in 
developing the best resources of his adopted 
county and given his encouragement to the pro- 
jects calculated for the best good of her people. 

A native of the city of Toronto, Canada, our 
subject was born Feb. 7, 1837, and lived there 
until a youth of seventeen years. Then striking 
out for himself, he came over into the States and 
settled in DeKalb County, 111., whence he removed 
later to Ogle County. In the meantime he had 
learned the trade of a mason, which he followed in 
connection with farming until 1 887. Since that time 
he has occupied himself with agricultural pursuits 
including dairying. In Sept. 1877, leaving the 
Prairie State he came to Kansas and located in 
Oketo Township, this county. Next he rented a 
farm in Marysville Township, and in the fall of 
1879. liomesteaded eighty acres on section 22, 
which comprises his present farm. Here he has 
effected good improvements, bringing the land to 
a productive condition and erecting the necessary 
liuildings. His milk product finds a ready sale in 
Marysville and vicinity and yields him sufficient 
returns for his labor. 

Mr. Bigham was married in Brant County, Can- 
ada, Nov. 6, 1859, to Miss Eliza Mathews, who was 
born there April 12. 1839. To them have been born 
nine children, namely : Emerilla.J,,MartliaM., Addie 
A.. Minnie M., Maggie M., Joseph T., George E., 
Golden F. and Samuel W. Martha M. married William 
Colgrove; Emerilla J. married "William Inglesby; 
Addie A. married William Reefover; Minnie M. 
married Joseph Ford. Joseph died when two and 
one-half years old. The other four children re- 
main under the parental roof. Mr. Bigham, po- 
litically, is a sound Republican, while he and his 
estimable wife are members in good standing of 
the Baptist Church. In this our subject has offi- 
ciated as Deacon for the past two years. He is in 
favor of the establishment and maintenance of 
schools, and all other enterprises tending to effect 
the moral and social welfare of the community. 

Under his hospitable roof have been gathered from 
time to time, some of the best residents of the 
count}-, among whom he numbers his friends and 
of whose respect he is amply deserving. 

The father of our subject was Thomas Bigham, 
likewise a native of Toronto, Canada, and who 
married Miss Jane Davidson, who was born in 
Ireland. They lived in the Dominion for a number 
of years afterward, then removed to DeKalb Countj-, 
111., and later to Ogle County, that State. Their 
next removal was to this county, where they lived 
until the fall of 1888, then went into Idaho, where 
they now reside. The seven children born to 
them lived to mature j-ears, among the elder of 
whom was the subject of this sketch. 

\rOHN A. WILLIAMS. Wealth may bring 
I power and influence, but it fails to inspire 
genuine affection and respect. Virtue and 
goodness are sure to meet with their reward, 
and this sentiment 's forcibh' illustrated in the 
lives of Mr. Williams and his estimable wife, who, 
qniet. unobtrusive people as they are, and blest 
with a moderate supply of this world's goods, 
command the highest respect of the people of their 
community. Thev have reared a fine family of 
sons, and it is seldom the lot of the biographer to 
meet a more pleasant household or a home more 
attractive in genuine comfort and content. Mr_ 
Williams is a farmer by occupation, and owns 160 
acres of land on section 18 in Walnut Township. 

The early home of our subject was on the other 
side of the Atlantic, he having been born near the 
citv of London, England, in Middlesex County, 
March 8, 1849. He lived there until a young man 
of twentj' years, and then emigrated, in company 
with his parents, John and Mary A. (Painter) Will- 
iams, to the United States, in May, 1869. The 
voyao;e was made on a steamship, the '-Citj' of 
New York," sailing from Liverpool to New York 
in seventeen days. Thence the family came di- 
rectly to Waterville. this county, and the father 
of our subject homesteaded 160 .acres of land, from 
which he improved the farm now owned and occu- 



pied by John A. Three j'ears later the father pur- 
chased a farm in Washington County, this State, 
to which the parents removed, and vvliere they still 
live. Their early home across the Atlantic was in 
the village of Norwood Green, ten miles west of 
London, in which city they were born, reared and 
married. Afterward they kept a restaurant for 
many years. Both were members of the Church 
of England. 

The subject of this sketch soon became familiar 
wilh the best methods of farming in America, and 
and in due time took unto himself a wife and help- 
mate, being married in this county to Miss Lucy 
Braughten. Of this union there were born two 
children — Walter B. and Sylvia L. Mrs. Lucy 
(Braughten) Williams departed this life at- the 
homestead, April 24, 1878. 

Our subject contracted a second marriage with 
Miss Irene, daugiiter of .John A. and Mar}' (Clev- 
enger) Thompson, who was born in Madison 
County, Iowa. The parents of this lady were na- 
tives of Virginia, but removed to Ohio with their 
respective families, and in that State were married. 
They came to Kansas about 1868, sojourning here 
two and one-half years, then returned to Iowa, and 
lived there until 1878. That year they came back 
to Kansas, and are now living near Manhattan. Of 
this marriage of our subject there have been born 
five children, viz: Guy B., .James O., Arthur L., 
.Tohn R. and Ernest A. His first wife was a Presby- 
terian in religious belief. Our subject and his 
present wife are members of the Friends' Church. 
Mr. Williams, politically', is identified with the Re- 
publican party. \\'ith the exception of serving as 
Constable one term in Walnut Township, he has 
declined the responsibilities of office. 

'\f]AMES SHORES. Nature has done much 
for this gentleman in bestowing upon him 
a mind of more than ordinary intelligence, 
and a keen perception of the obligations 
which man owes to his fellowman. He is a pleas- 
ant and outspoken citizen, one whose opinions are 
generally respected in his communit}', and he has 

made for himself a good record, especially during 
the late Civil War. when, as a resident of North 
Carolina, he stood up bravely for the L'nion cause. 
He is well-known to the citizens of Baldcrson 
Township, and is at present occupying the office of 
Road Overseer in his district. His well-regulated 
homestead is located on section 4. 

In noting the antecedents of our subject, we find 
that his father was David Shores, a native of North 
Carolina, engaged both in farming and mercantile 
pursuits. The maiden name of the mother, was 
Rachel Clanten, who was reared not far from the 
early home of her husband in North Carolina, 
where they were married, and spent their entire 
lives. David Shores departed hence in 187.5, and 
his wife three years later, in 1878. There had been 
born to them thirteen children, six of whom are 
still living. 

The subject of this sketch was the fifth child of 
his parents, and was born in North Carolina, Sept. 
25,1836. His advantages for an education were 
extremely limited, and he was made acquainted at 
an early age, with the duties and responsibilities of 
life. He started out for himself when a youth of 
nineteen years, employing himself at whatever he 
could find to do, and very soon thereafter was mar- 
ried, in Decciuber 1855, to Miss Sarah, daughter of 
the late Thaddeus and Eliza Maynard, natives of 
North Carolina, and the parents of two children, 
of whom Mrs. Shores was the younger. The 3'oung 
people settled in their native township, and re- 
mained residents of North Carolina until October, 
1869. Then removing across the Mississippi, they 
established themselves in Andrew County, Mo., 
where they sojourned until 1883. That 3ear they 
came to Northern Kansas, and settled at the home- 
stead, where they now live. This compiises 160 
acres of land on the Otoe Indian reservation, all of 
which is under a good state of cultivation. Mr. 
Shores put up a frame house, together with a barn 
and other outbuildings, and has a large orchard of 
ajjple trees, besides shade and ornamental trees. 
He usuall}' keeps about ten head of cattle, six head 
of horses, and fifteen head of swine. 

Of the first marriage of our subject, there were 
born eleven children, nine of whom are living, 
namely: Sarah D.. "SI. Elizal)etii, .1. Rush. Will- 



iam A., Lucy, Charles, Benjamin, Archie, and May. 
The mother of these children departed this life in 
1882. Our subject, in December, 1886, contracted 
a second matrimonial alliance with Mrs. Lyda 
(Sturgeon) McManamy, of Kentucky. Of this 
union there are no children. Mrs. Shores is a mem- 
ber in good standing of the Baptist Church, while 
our subject finds his religious home with the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, in which he has ofHciated 
as Steward, and is a leading member. He is held 
in high esteem by all who know him, and is dis- 
charging the duties of his office in a manner credit- 
able to himself, and satisfactory to all concerned. 
He has had considerable experience as overseer, 
having held that position while a resident of Mis- 
souri. He takes an active interest in politics, and 
uniformly votes the straight Republican ticket, 
fighting for the interest of this party, as faithfully 
as during the old secession days. 

ORGAN HEDGE, junior member of the 
firm of Brainard & Hedge, lumber and 
grain dealers, Oketo, stands well in regard 
to ability and reputation in the commercial 
circles of Marshall County, and he and his partner 
are conducting a growing and prosperous busi- 
ness. He claims Indiana as the place of his nativ- 
ity, he having been born in Blackford County, 
that State, Oct. 1, 1845. His parents, Abner and 
Charlotte (Casterline) Hedge, natives respectively 
of Pennsylvania and New York, settled in that 
county after their marriage, and made their home 
there until February, 1877, when they came to 
Kansas and located in Marshall County, on the 
Vermillion River, seven miles northwest of Frank- 
fort, and there the father's useful career was cut 
short by death. The good mother is still spartd 
to bless her children with her presence. 

Our subject is the fourth in order of birth 
of the family of nine children born to his worthy 
parents, and by them was reared to a useful and 
honorable life, passing his early years on a farm. 
In the year 1877 he left the place of his birth and 
accompanied his father to tiiis State, and from that 

time was actively engaged in farming on the Ver- 
million River, till the fall of 1886, when he re- 
moved on to his own farm in Oketo Township. In 
1888 he abandoned agricultural pursuits, and 
coming to Oketo, entered into business with his 
present partner, under the firm name of Brainard 
& Hedge. In his business transactions he has 
shown a cool head and clear judgment, and he and 
Mr. Brainard already command an extensive trade 
in lumber and grain, and their credit stands high 
in financial circles. It will thus be seen that they 
are an influence for good in promoting the mate- 
rial prosperity of the village of Oketo, and are in- 
strumental in its upbuilding to a considerable 

The marriage of Mr. Hedge to Miss Clara Brain- 
ard took place in this county after his settlement 
here, and in their pleasant home one child, Earl 
M., has been born to them. Mrs. Hedge was born 
in Lewis County, N. Y., and is a daughter of M. 
C. Brainard, whose sketch appears on another 
page of this work. 

Mr. Hedge is a man of exemplary habits, and, 
with his wife, occupies a high position in social 
circles, they being held in general esteem for their 
many pleasant, genial qualities. Our subject has 
a mind and opinions of his own, as is shown by his 
political affiliations, he being an ardent advocate 
of the Democratic party. 

— *> ©♦o-^JAx^s^-o+o- V— 

TEPIIEN SHELDON is one of the firm of 
Jones & Sheldon, liverymen and horse 
dealers. Oak street, Beattie. If it is a 
pleasure to recount the success of any hon- 
orable business man, how much more pleasurable 
is it to outline a sketch of one, who, by his ability, 
energy and economy, has made for himself a place 
among the prominent business men of this little 
city. Such a man have we in the subject of our 
present sketch, who, starting in life with but a 
small amount of this worli's goods, has by his own 
exertions gained his present enviable position. 

Mr. Sheldon was born in Geauga County', Ohio, 
Nov. 27, 18,51. When about fourteen j-ears old, 



his parents removed to Eaton County, Mich., eight 
miles northwest of Lansing. Here lie lived on a 
farm until eighteen years of age, gaining a good, 
practical education. He then began spending his 
winters in the lumber woods, working upon a farm 
in the summer, and saving his earnings until he was 
about twent3'-seven years old, when he came West, 
stopping near Jefferson City, Mo. In February, 
1878, he came to Beattie, then but a small railroad 
station, and went with his brother Julius Sheldon, 
into the lumber business, carrying on the only 
business of the kind located here at that time. 
Our subject remained in this business some three 
or four j'ears doing well. Then selling out, he en- 
gaged in farming until about a year ago, when he 
came to the city and joined Mr. Jones in the livery 
business, the firm also having a sale stable. 

The wife of our subject was Ida, daughter of 
II. M. Newton, and was born in this count}', in 
1862. Their marriagt took place July 15, 1889. 
Fernando C. Sheldon, the father of our subject was 
born in New York, and when a young man, he re- 
moved to Indiana, and thence to the "Western re- 
serve of Ohio, where he married Miss Augusta 
Maynard. To them were born four children, of 
whom three still survive: our subject, Elmer, liv- 
ing in Greenville, Mich., and Ernest, of Hamden, 
Ohio. The mother, and only daughter, died in 
Michigan, wiien our subject was sixteen years of 
age. The father married again, came to Kansas, 
but returned to Ohio in 1874, and there died the 
following year. Our subject votes with the Repub- 
lican part}'. 

. OCX> - 

(j^. TAFFORD HOLMES. Among the many 
^^^ pleasant, genial and successful residents of 
Tjl/^) Marshall County, considerable mention may 
be made of the gentleman whose name ap- 
pears at the head of this biographical review. Of 
American birth, he is intensely and devotedly at- 
tached to the land of his birth, and for her stars 
and stripes cherishes a most patriotic affection. 

Born to Nelson and Julia A. (Iseminger) Holmes, 
our subject spent the earlier portion of his life 
among the pleasant hills and valle^-s of Monroe 

County, Ind. His father was a native of the south- 
ern part of that State, while his mother was born 
in Ohio. Their first home in Indiana was in Jack- 
son County, whence they removed to La Porte 
County in an early day. The closing period of 
their lives was spent in the homes of their children, 
and they passed to rest in York County, Neb. Of 
their family of six children, our sul)ject was the 
third in order of birth. 

The first four years in the life of him of whom 
we write, were spent in the place of his birth, Mon- 
roe County, Ind., where his earthly career com- 
menced July 9, 1845. When he had arrived at the 
age before mentioned, he was taken by his parents 
to La Porte County, and there grew to a hardy and 
vigorous manhood. His father's farm was his early 
tramping ground, and there he passed the happy 
years of childhood in boyish pleasures, developing 
a robust system; but as he grew older, fun and 
frolic gave place to the busy occupation of a farmer. 
He remained with his father until he was prepared 
to establish a home, and found family ties of his 

Reared in La Porte County, it was natural that 
our subject should select a wife from amono- its 
fair daughters. He was united in marriage, Oct. 
29, 1868, with Miss Sarah Taber. a native of In- 
diana, and born in Lake County, April 12, 1845. 
After marriage Mr. Holmes and his young bride 
settled in La Porte County, which continued to be 
their home until the fall of 1880. Then attracted 
to Kansas by reports of its fertile soil and vast re- 
sources, Mr. Holmes and his wife, accompanied by 
their children, started for Marshall County, and 
located on section 4. Center Township, of which he 
has since been a resident. On this estate he gives 
his almost exclusive attention to general farmino-, 
in which he has been prospered greatly. His farm 
has been increased in size until it now comprises 
240 acres. Upon it has been erected a substantial, 
comfortable residence, and other buildings neces- 
sary on a modern estate. 

Of the three children born to our subject and his 
estimable wife, two are living, and one, William R., 
died when six months old. The survivino- are: 
Carleton K., and Dolly E. They are growino- to 
manJKjod and womanhood under the [larental roof 



and receiving such thorougli and practical educa- 
tions as will fit them to occupj' prominent places in 
the social world in future years. Our subject and 
his wife are members in good standing of the Chris- 
tian Church, and are highly esteemed by their 
many acquaintances throughout the county. Mr. 
Holmes is a very pleasant, genial associate, occupy- 
ing a prominent position in the ranks of the Re- 
publican party, while his wife possesses the many 
graces of true womanhood, and as the years pass 
by, is gaining a beauty more lasting than tliat of 
youth, the beauty of loveliness. 

^' AMES M. WILLIAMS is a man of superior 
I intelligence and one of the most enterprising 
and public-spirited citizens of Center Town- 
_ ship. His charming home on section 12 is 
a rall3'ing point for the culture and wealth of the 
entire neighborhood. The father, James Williams, 
a native of North Carolina, is a shrewd business 
man and a well-posted observer of current events. 
The mother, Maria (Sawyer) Williams, was also 
born in North Carolina of a good family and is a 
capable woman and a good mother. Mr. and Mrs. 
James B. Williams were married in their native 
State and made that their home until 1850, wiien 
they travelled northward, and after a leisurely sur- 
vej' of the district traversed by them, located in 
Hartford Citj-, Ind. Thej' were the parents of 
twelve children, of whom James M. is the fourth. 
Hand-in-hand ^hey have passed through the many 
struggles of a long and laborious life and are now 
enjoying a well-earned repose in their pleasant home 
in Indiana, where Mr. Williams has retired from 
the active duties connected with the management 
of his farm. 

The subject of this biography was born on his 
father's farm near Elizabeth City. N. C, March 8, 
1850, and was only a few months old when his par- 
ents emigrated to Indiana. His youth and early 
manhood were spent on the farm of his parents. 
The schools were far superior to the usual ones 
found in ordinary country districts, and young 
James improved the opportunities offered by 

them to the best of his ability and thus became 
quite a noted scholar in that locality. In 1870, 
when only twenty years old, he was enabled to de- 
rive some pecuniary benefit from his previous close 
application to his studies, by accepting a position 
to teach others what he had thoroughly learned 
himself. He followed the profession of teaching 
for a period of seven years, but subsequently 
rented a farm and engaged in the occupation of a 
tiller of the soil in imitation of our first parents. 

One of the happiest days in the lifetime of Mr. 
Williams, and best remembered, was the one when 
Miss Louisa Jones transferred her happiness into 
his keeping, and trustingl}' set out with him to seek 
what the future held in store for them. Their 
marriage was celebrated Feb. 27, 1879, and after 
one year's residence in the neighborhood of their 
youthful days the}' emigrated to Kansas, and located 
on section 12, Center Township, Slarshall County, 
where the}' had previously purchased 160 acres of 
land. The soil was highly productive and markets 
good, our young friends were blessed with jouth and 
health, which, united with thrift and intelligent 
labor, have brought them their just reward of a 
flourishing and well ordered estate that now em- 
braces 240 acres of finel}^ cultivated land, u|)on 
which he has made many good and valuable im- 
provements, besides the commodious buildings 
erected at convenient places for the use and com- 
fort of his family and dependents, and for shelter 
for the high grade stock, which forms a very con- 
siderable and profitable part of his farm opera- 

Mrs. Williams is one of the ornaments of the 
social and literary world of Center Township, but 
is equall}' cliarming in domestic life, and her gra- 
cious hospitality is a real boon to any world-weary 
one who chances to stray that way. She is a native 
of Indiana, where she was born Aug. 16, 1853, 
near Hartford Citj'. Her parents, John and Dolly 
(Buoy) .Jones were residentsof that city for a num- 
ber of years; their last resting place is in the beau- 
tiful cemetery. Olive Branch, adjoining tlie thriving 
town, which was the scene of their earthly 
activities. Mr. Jones was a native of the historic 
little State of Delaware, hallowed to the annals of 
our country by tlie gallant efforts of the doughty 


R E5IDENCE or John Kirch. Sec I 7. Elm C reek Tr 


Res. or James Williams SEC.IJi. Center Tp 



sons of liberty in their struggle for freedom from llie 
yoke of the haughty Briton. Mrs. Jones was born 
in Monroe County, Ohio, and was the worthy mate 
of a good man. 

Mr. and Mrs. Williams h.ave become the parents 
of two children — Jim, and one who died in early 
infancy, like a tender bud that was plucked too soon. 
Mr. Williams is a wide-awake citizen, keenly alive 
to anything that will tend to promote the interests 
of his district, but takes a proportionally great in- 
terest in national affairs and assists with all his 
might, whatever will, in his opinion, produce the 
most good for the greatest number. He takes a 
deep interest in educational matters, believing tliat 
tiie proper training of the young is a duty that the 
present generation owes to those who will follow. 
Politically, our subject is a Republican, but would 
not subordinate right principles to mere party suc- 
cess. He has filled the position of Justice of the 
Peace with eminent ability for two 3'ears. 

Elsewhere in this work appears a fine lithographic 
engraving of the pleasant home of Mr. and Mrs. 

^IJ OHN B. KIRCH. Gradually, as the old pio- 
neers 3'et spared are retiring from the ac- 
tive labors of life, the younger men are 
filling their places, the most of them in a 
manner befitting their training, pursuing the same 
course of industry and economy which enabled 
their parents to battle successfully with life on the 
frontier, and leave to their descendants a goodl}^ 

The subject of this notice, a young man of thirty- 
tliree years, has the entire charge of the old 
homestead of his father, which consists of 240 acres 
of well-improved land finely located on section 17 
in Elm Creek Township. John Kirch, the father 
of our subject, was one of the earliest settlers of 
this county, and is still living upon the old home- 
stead which he built up from the wilderness. He 
located here in 1857, and was the first German set- 
tler in his community. He was born in Germany 
Sept. 28, 1820, in the county of Luxemburg, and 
was first married in 1847 to Miss Anna Mary Kat- 

ter, wlio died on the ocean while making the voy- 
age to America. He was again married in 1 850, 
his second wife being Miss Anna Thielan, also a 
native of the Fatherland, and the daughter of John 
Thielan, who is living in Wisconsin, at the ad- 
vanced age of eighty-eight years. On arriving in 
America the father of our subject settled in Ozau- 
kee County, Wis., and made it his home until 1857. 
That year he brought his family to this county, of 
which they have since been residents. When he 
settled here the Indians still roamed over the broad 
prairies, some hostile, others friendl3r. Upon one 
occasion some white settlers had been out buffalo 
hunting, and returning from the pleasures of the 
eha^, met some Pottawatomie Indians, with whom 
they engaged in deadly conflict, killing three of 
TOem. Mr. Kirch buried the bodies of the fallen 
\V:arriors a few daj's after the occurrence. 

In common with the people around them, the 
parents of our subject endured many hardships and 
privations while battling with the difficulties of life 
on the frontier, but industry and ceaseless endeavor 
bore their legitimate fruits,and in due time they were 
amply rewarded. There came to the household a 
family of six children — three sons and three daugh- 
ters — of whom John B., our subject, was the eldest 
son and third child. He was born in Ozaukee 
County, Wis., Aug. 22, 1856, and was about nine 
months old when his parents came to this count}'; 
hence he knows no other home, and here have cen- 
tered his chief interests. He grew up on a farm, 
and received his education in the common school. 
He chose agriculture for his occupation, and at an 
earlj' age adapted himself to tlie various employ- 
ments of farm life. 

Our subject remained a bachelor until approach- 
ing the twentj' -seventh year of his life, and was 
thei, married. May 31, 1883, to Miss Anna C. Hil- 
debrandt, daughter of Joseph and Lena (Oswald) 
Hildebrandt. This lady was born in Leavenworth, 
Kan., Oct. 17, 1862. Her union with our subject 
has resulted in the birth of three children — John 
E., Charles W., and Harry H. Charles died when 
a. babe of eleven months. The two living are 
bright boys upon whom tlie parents are building 
great hopes of the future. 

In politics Mr. Kirch is an active Republican, 



taking a livel}' interest in local affairs. He is 
serving as Township Trustee, to which office he 
was elected in November, 1888. He has been a 
School Director in his district four years, and 
School Treasurer nine years. Both he and his es- 
timable wife are members in good standing of the 
Catholic Church, as are also his father and mother 
and the other members of the family circle. 

Elsewhere in this volume appears a. fine litho- 
graphic view of the cozy home of our subject and 
his wife, and it is the universal wish of their hosts 
of friends that they may be spared many years to 
enjoy their comfortable home and the good things 
of this life. 

PRANCIS W. HAMMETT. The family of 
this name has been for many years identi- 
^_ lied with the most important interests of 

Elm Creek Township. They are almost uniformlj' 
industrious and well-to-do, possessing in a marked 
degree the faculty of getting on iu the world. 
The subject of this notice is one of the most 
worthy representatives of the name and is com- 
paratively a young man, on the sunny side of 
forty, a native of Marshall County, 111., and born 
Dec. 30, 1852. In his home surroundings he is 
remarkably fortunate, having a very intelligent 
and amiable lady for a wife, and an interesting 
group of children, and it is to his credit that around 
his fireside centers his chief interests. 

The parents of our subject were Josiah M. and 
Rachel (Frazier) Hammett, mention of whom is 
made in the sketch of J. M. Hammett on another 
page in this Album. Francis W. was the fourth 
child of the family, and spent his boyhood and 
youth in a comparatively uneventful manner on 
the farm, acquiring habits of industry and receiv- 
ing his education in the common school. In the 
summer of 1866 the familj'. leaving Illinois, came 
to this county, and our subject thereafter remained 
a member of the parental household until his mar- 
riage. This interesting and important event was 
celebrated at the residence of the late John 
Shroyer Oct. 2, 1878, the bride being Miss Harriet 

Shroyer, who was born in Ohio Feb. 13, 1857. 
The maiden name of the mother of Mrs. Hammett 
was May Zortman; she was a native of Ohio, and 
is now deceased. 

After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Hammett 
settled on section 29 iu Elm Creek Township, where 
our subject prosecuted farming successfully, and in 
due time invested the proceeds in additional land. 
He is now the owner of 305 acres, located on sec- 
tions 19 and 29, Elm Creek Township, where he 
has erected good buildings and effected other im- 
provements. He makes a specialty of stock-rais- 
ing, and keeps himself thoroughly posted in regard 
to modern methods, while availing himself of the 
most approved machinery. He naturally has little 
time to mix with politics, but gives his support to 
the Democratic part}-. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Hammett there have been born 
five children, viz.: Royal F., Rinaldo, Idella, 
George A. and Essie P. John Shro3er, the father 
of Mrs. Hammett, was reared to manhood in his 
native State of Ohio, where he married a maiden 
of his own county, and they lived in the Buckeye 
State for some time thereafter. Upon their remo- 
val thence they settled among the early pioneers 
of this county, and thereafter remained residents of 
Elm Creek Township until departing hence. Mr. 
Shroyer died about 1864-65; the mother survived 
until February, 1883, spending her last days on 
the old homestead. Their family consisted of ten 
children, of whom Mrs. Hammett was the seventh 
in order of birth. All of these are yet living and 
located mostly in Kansas. 

^^ ARL F. BARKS was born in Prussia, April 
if _ 1, 1823. When a young man he learned 
^^J(^ storekeepiug, serving five years at that em- 
ployment, after which he spent three years in the 
German army. After leaving the army he engaged 
in store keeping for tliirteen years. In 1861, he 
with his family, consisting of a wife and five chil- 
dren came to America, landing at Quebec in Sep- 
tember of that year. He went directly' to Prince- 
ton, 111., at which place he engaged in store-keeping 

i^OtiTMli:' ANb BiOGIiAPHiCAL ALfeuM. 


for a period of eight years. He tlien sold out but 
remained in Bureau County, engaged in other 
business for ten 3'ears. In 1879 he came to this 
county, buying 160 acres of land on section 27, 
near Mar3'sville, on which place he has since re- 
sided, having a good home, both buildings and 
farm being in an excellent condition. 

The wife of Mr. Barks bore the maiden name of 
Catherine H. Guhl. Their marriage took place in 
Germany, September, 1846. Mrs. Barks has be- 
come the mother of seven children, two of whom 
died when quite young. The others are as follows: 
William; Henrietta and Theresa, deceased; Her- 
man and Lizzie. Mrs. Barks died in Marysville 
Township, Dec. 21, 1882. 

Mr. Barks is a man exhibiting the sturdy good 
qualities of his race, economical, industrious and of 
strict integrity. His political adherence is given 
to the Democratic party. He is a member of the 
Lutheran Church in Marysville, as are also his 
children, who are married and have homes of their 
own; one in Washington, one in Princeton, 111., 
and one in Marysville. 

jYRON A. HILL, Postmaster of Stolzen- 
iy\^ bach, was appointed to this office in Janu- 
ary, 1882, and still holds the position. He 
is numbered among the prominent farmers 
of Balderson Township, and occupies a large, sub- 
stantial stone residence, which in former days was 
the Presbyterian Mission House for the Otoe In- 
dians. It has been renovated and modernized, 
and makes one of those quaint-looking buildings 
which we frequentlj' r^ad of, bnt seldom see. 

Mr. Hill is principally distinguished for his 
strong temperance principles and his warm interest 
in the .Sabbath-school. Both he and his wife and 
and all the children are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, in which Mr. Hill has held the 
offices of Steward, Class-Leader and Trustee. Two 
of his children have been superintendents of the 
Sabbath-school, and all make themselves useful as 
teachers therein. In the County Sunday-school 
Association Mr. Ilill is a prominent light, having 

served as Vice-president in Kansas, and in Illinois 
he was President of the County Sunday-school As- 
sociation for three years. 

Coming of good old New England stock, our 
subject was born Jan. 3, 1827, in Oneida County, 
N. Y., and was the second in afamily of four chil- 
dren, the offspring of Uriah and Rhoda (Tibbals) 
Hill, who were natives respectively of Connecti- 
cut and Greene County, N. Y. The paternal 
grandfather, Uriah Hill, was of English parentage, 
and born in Connecticut. The parents of our sub- 
ject were married in New York State, after which 
they settled in Oneida County, and died there, the 
the mother in April, 1833, and the father in June, 
1843. Three of their children are living, the two 
besides our subject being residents of Illinois and 

Mr. Hill was reared to manhood in his native 
county, receiving a good education in the common 
school. After the death of the father the children 
had guardians appointed over them. Upon at- 
taining his majority, Byron A., leaving the Em- 
pire State, made his way to Marshall County, 111., 
where he engaged in farming and as a house car- 
penter until December,! 880. Then, selling his farm, 
he removed first to Fairbury, Neb., and thence, 
in March, 1881, came to this county, and the year 
following took possession of his present homestead. 

The 10th of August, 1852, witnessed the mar- 
riage of our subject with Miss Amanda Leigh, 
daughter of Elisha N. and Sarah (Bowman) Leigh, 
who were natives respectively of New Jersey and 
Virginia. The3' became residents of Marshall 
County, III., at an early day, and had a family of 
seven children, Mrs. Hill being the fifth. She was 
born in Tazewell Countj', 111., Dec. 15, 1832. Mr. 
Leigh died March 16, 1871. The mother survived 
her husband a number of years, passing away in 
May, 1883. 

Of the nine children born to Mr. and Mrs. Hill 
seven are living: Harry H. died Feb. 22, 1878, 
aged four j^ears; Katie died Feb. 8, 1878, aged 
two years. Rhoda E. was born May 19, 1853; 
S. Alice, Aug. 3, 1855; Horace W., June 2. 1857; 
Frank L.. March 5, 1860; Sherman S., Jan. 7, 
1864; Lucy Renette, Sept. 1, 1867; and Charles 
B., Dec. 1, 1870. Mrs. Hill has 320 acres of land, 



all in one bod^y, including forty acres of timber 
and stone quarry. The farm is operated princi- 
pally by Mr. Hill and bis son, Sherman. They keep 
about sixty head of cattle, fourteen horses and 
fifty head of swine. 

Mr. Hill takes an active part in politics, and was 
first an Abolitionist, second a Free-Soiler. and lat- 
terly .1 Republican. He has served as a member 
of the Seliool Board, and also as Commissioner of 
Highways in Illinois. During the late Civil War 
he was an efficient member of the Union League. 
He takes an active interest in local affairs, and in 
his temperance principles has the warm sympathy 
of his whole family. 

^ OHN L. HAZLETT. To this gentleman was 
i given the honor of naming the townsliip for 
Ex-President Grover Cleveland, as he had 
been instrumental in securing its formation. 
John L. Hazlett, whose residence is in section 10, 
Cleveland Township, was born in Butler County, 
Pa., Nov. 6, 1835. His father, Reuben, now de- 
ceased, was a native of Indiana, following the occu- 
pation of a farmer. His mother was iMary Dufle}', 
a native of Carlisle, Pa. Of the large family of 
nine children, six are living — Eliza, Mrs. McBride, 
of Butler, Pa.; Jane, Mrs. Messick, of Genesee 
County, Mich. ; Catherine, Mrs. Messick of this 
county, near Marysville; Reuben, of Danville, 
Ark.; Matilda, Mrs. Duff, of Butler County, Pa., 
and the subject of our sketch. 

Mr. Hazlett's education was mainly acquired in 
country schools and at a boarding-school at North 
Washington, Pa. In May, 1871, he reached this 
county after a somewhat lengthy trip, having come 
via boat from Pittsburg to Kansas Citj', changing at 
Wheeling, Cincinnati and St. Louis. From Kan- 
sas City his journej- was by rail to Frankfort. This, 
however, was not his first trip to Kansas, as in 1869 
he had worked at his trade (carpenter) in Sedalia 
and Holden, Mo. 

Mr. Hazlett lived in Frankfort one year, then 
located at Irish Creek, in this townsliip and has 
made it his home ever since, continuing, however. 

to work in Frankfort for the space of ten years. 
At this particular time it was all Vermillion Town- 
ship, and for seven years he served as Justice of 
the Peace, having his ofHce at Frankfort. In 1882 
Mr. Hazlett took a trip to Colorado, being absent 
about two months. In 187.3 he made his perma- 
nent home on the farm where he now resides, but 
ma}' still be found working at his trade, which he 
learned when twenty-five j-ears old, having built 
many of the houses and barns throughout the 
country. Mr. Hazlett is a fine mechanic, as much of 
the machinery used in that vicinity will testifj-. 
November 21, 1858, our subject was united in mar- 
riage to Miss Bridget E. Magee, daughter of 
William Magee, deceased. Mrs. Hazlett's birthplace 
was Butler County, Pa. Fifteen children blessed 
this union, and of the number ten are living. Will- 
iam R. married Jane Kell}', is a resident of this 
township, and the father of three children — David 
Edward, Cecelia M. and Mary G. ; Eugene A.; Ida 
L. and Viola, (twins;) Ida married John Harris of 
this township, and has three children — Walter J., 
John Ray and Mary C; Zachary J.; Flora J. and 
Leo E., (twins;) Margaret A., Ellen T. and Henri- 
etta, They have lost one pair of twins. 

Mr. Hazlett's farm consists of eightj-.flve acres, 
the management of which he has given up to his 
sons. He was elected Township Trustee at the 
organization of Cleveland Township in July, 1885, 
and has served ever since, with the exception of 
one year, and is its present incumbent. Mr. Haz- 
lett's wife and family are Roman Catholics, but he 
is not a communicant. 


^]ACOB S. PARTHEMER. A prominent 
figure in Barrett is the gentleman whose 
name heads this sketch. Six feet in height 
and proportionatelj' large, with gray hair 
mustache and goatee, and florid complexion, light 
e3'es beaming from behind his spectacles, and an 
air of dignity and self-respect, he would be notice- 
able in a far larger city. The position which he 
occupies as one of the prominent general mer- 
chants and Postmaster, is additional reason for the 



notice of a passing visitor, and inquii-y would de- 
velop tliefact that he has been for many j'ears an 
important member of the society of the town. 

Philip Parthemer, great-grandfather of our sub- 
ject, emigrated from Germany to America in 1744. 
He took part in tiie Revolutionary War, and lived 
beyond the three-score years and ten allotted to 
man. He was a whitesmith, or worker in edge 
tools, in which trade his son, John Jacob, grand- 
father of our sulijeet, was instructed. Jacob Par- 
themer, father of our subject, was a native of 
Pennsylvania, and during the War of 1812, was a 
member of a regiment from that State. He en-;-- 
gaged in no active service, however, as the war 
ended before his command could reach any scene 
of battle. He married Mary, daughter of Jona- 
than Suster, of an o'd Pennsylvania family. Their 
family embraced three sons and seven daughters, 
of whom our subject was the eldest: Elizabeth is 
the wife of Martin Wetzel, a farmer and miller; 
her home is in Blilford Center, Union Co., Ohio, 
and they have a family of grown children. Mary 
married Alexander Ararine, who died over thirty- 
five years ago; she subsequently married Zephniah 
Reed, who died leaving a small family ; her home 
is in Milford Center, Ohio. Cliristian is a farmer, 
at the same place; he married Jane Boyer. Cath- 
erine, now Mrs. Isaac Y. Coffe}^, lives upon a farm 
in Waubansee County, Kan. Joseph lives in 
Maysville, Union Co., Oliio, where he is employed 
as clerk in a store; he is a blacksmith by trade. 
Magdaline died at the age of thirteen years. Har- 
riett is single, and resides with her sister Elizabeth 
in Milford, Ohio. Malissa is the wife of Albert 
Gibson, a farmer. Sarah, Mrs. Ed Turner, lives 
with her husband and family in Champaign County, 
Ohio, upon a farm. 

Our subject was born in Dauphin, Pa., in 1818, 
and passed his boj' his native State, ac- 
quiring an education in subscription schools there. 
When about twenty-one years of age his parents 
removed to Union County, Ohio, and settled upon 
a farm near Maysville. He had been reared to the 
pursuit of agriculture, which bis father followed, 
and lie also learned the carpenter's trade. At the 
two employments he found abundant use for his 
physical energies, and exercised his mental powers 

by teaching school a number of terms. Early in 
December of 1841 he was married to Maria, daugh- 
ter of .John and Nanc^' Amrine, the bride being a 
native of Union County, Ohio. The wife died in 
1851, leaving five children to the. care of the be- 
reaved husband. On April 13, 1852, our subject 
was married a second time, the bride being Miss 
Maria Clayton. Shortly after this marriage he re- 
moved to Marion, Butler Co., Iowa, where he re- 
sided until October, 1859. He then came to this 
count}', and at the Junction City land office entered 
160 acres of land, lying in Wells Township, two 
miles west of Barrett. Upon this land lie resided 
•until his youngest son became of age, when he 
transferred the title to him and moved into town. 
During his first years in Kansas he engaged in 
school teaching. After his removal to Barrett ho 
occupied himself with carpenter woik and wagon 
repairing until 1872, when he began merchan- 

Of the five children left by Mr. Parthemer's first 
wife all still survive except the oldest; this was 
a daughter, Adeline, who became the wife of Jacob 
Collins, and died in Butler County, Iowa, within 
a year after her marriage, at tlie early age of 
seventeen. Ann is the wife of Ira Ingles, a farmer 
living in Butler County, Iowa. Arthur served 
in the Union arm}' during the late Civil War, is 
unmarried, and for several years has been a resi- 
dent of Arizona. Nancy J., widow of Hiram 
Overacker, is living in Washington. May Ellen 
is a widow and resides in Logan County, Kan. 
The result of our subject's second marriage was 
one son, Jonathan, who is now living at Clayton, 
Norton Co., Kan.; he married Miss Haltie Mosher. 

Mr. Parthemer was the first Postmaster of the 
village, having been appointed by Abraham Lincoln 
iu 1861. The office was then located on the west 
side of Vermillion Creek. Mr. Parthemer con- 
tinued in charge of the office until 1869, when he 
resigned. He was again appointed in 1872, but 
resigned after a short time. In 1887 he was again 
re-appointed, and is still holding the position. He 
was also the first Justice of the Peace in Barrett, 
.and held the office for fifteen years. He has 
served as Township Trustee, Township Clerk, and 
Township Treasurer, each one year. He has been 



School District Clerk, and for nine years was 
School Treasurer. He is now Notary Public of 
Barrett. He is a man of high standing in the 
Methodist Church, of which he has long been a 
member. He is a supporter of the principles of 
the Republican part^', and is a man of upright 
character and good business qualifications, an ex- 
celent conversationalist and a highly respected 


W EVI H. EBY, minister of the (;erman Bap- 
I (@i tist Church, presides over an intelligent 
j'^\ congregation, comprising residents of Guit- 
tard, Richland, Balderson, and St. Bridget town- 
ships, the services being held in the Barklow 
school-house. They contemplate erecting a church 
edifice in the near future. The church was estab- 
lished in 1883, and deacons were appointed, but 
there was no minister. In the spring of 1 884 Mr. 
Eby came to Kansas, and in connection with Will- 
iam Sm ith and N F. Brubaker, assumed charge of 
the congregation, which is composed of forty-two 
members. He has proven himself a faithful and 
efficient pastor, and is thoroughtly alive to the 
duties of his position. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Stephen- 
son County, 111., Sept. 9, 1858, and there spent the 
early years of his life. He received a 'good edu- 
cation, having attended Mt. Morris College after 
leaving the common school. Then, being elected 
to the ministry, he expected to give four more 
years to stud3% but entered upon his duties at 
once. He was married while a resident of Lena, 
111., March 1, 1883, to Miss Angle Yarger, and es- 
tablished himself in Brown County, this State. 
Thence, in 1 884 he came to this county and pur- 
chased a farm of eighty acres on section 15 in 
Richland Township, where he has effected the usual 
improvements, and in connection with his ministe- 
rial labors has prosecuted agriculture in a very 
successful manner. He is the father of two bright 
(children — Ethel E. and Edna D. 

Mrs. Eby was born April 2, 1858, in Stephenson 
County, 111., and is the sister of George Yarger, 
a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. 

She took kindly to her books in her childhood, and 
developed into a successful teacher, which profess- 
ion she followed for some time prior to her mar- 
riage. The father of our subject was Enoch Eby, 
a native of Franklin Count}', Pa., and born Nov. 
13, 1828. He lived there and in Huntingdon 
County until the removal of the family to Illinois 
about 1850. He married Miss Hettie Howe, and 
they reared a family of seven children. Thej' 
were i-esidents of the Prairie State until 1886, and 
Enoch El\y for twenty-two years was an Elder in 
the church, and for five years was Moderator in the 
General Annual Conference. He was invested 
with the Bishop's Order and is now a resident of 
Hntchinson, Kan. About 1877 he, in company 
with Daniel Fry, was sent as a missionary to Den- 
mark, where he remained seven months, organizing 
societies and laboring generally in the interests of 
the church. In connection with these duties he 
came to Kansas, there being but few to build up 
the church in the West. He traveled over a large 
portion of the State and much of the territory ad- 
joining. He has since 1876 given his time almost 
exclusively to church work. The wife and mother 
died in 1861 at West Point, 111. The father was 
married a second time in 1863, in Peunsjlvania. 

3 ^-4^-^- 

* I^ILLIAM W. EDDY. Nowhere in Mar- 
\^// shall County can a more attractive home 
V^^ be found than that of the above named 
gentleman. It is a farm of 160 acres, all under 
thorough cultivation, and containing upon its fer- 
tile expanse 600 apple trees and many other fruit 
and shade trees and a substantial house, together 
with adequate farm buildings. Its owner and 
occupant came to this county in September, 1871. 
having previously purchased this quarter-section of 
hind in Walnut Township, on section 14. Five 
acres of land had been broken, and the remainder 
was open prairie. During the fall after his arrival 
Mr. Eddy built a part of the house which he now 
occupies, and in the spring began breaking the 
land and impi-oving the farm. He had a hard 
struggle, having no means left after building his 



lioiise, but tbat he has been eminentlj' successful 
liis home and its attractive surroundings now prove. 
In place of the wild prairie devoid of shade, and a 
few acres of broken ground, which he once saw, iie 
can now look forth over fine fields beautified by 
growing crops, large orchards from which an abun- 
dance of fruit is obtained, and in the shade of 
beautiful trees which he has grown, can take a well- 
earned rest. 

Our subject's paternal grandfather, Berrick 
Eddy, was born in Nova Scotia, and came with his 
parents to America, when about four years of age. 
He spent his life chiefly in Connecticut. In Win- 
dom County, of that State, his son Waldo, the 
father of our subject, was born, reared, married, 
and died. In the same countj' our subject's motiier, 
Sarah (Seamons) Eddj', was born and died. She 
was of the Baptist Church. The parental family 
consisted of three children, all living, our subject 
being the second in order of birth. 

The subject of our sketch was born in Connecti- 
cut Feb. 20, 1837, and in his native State grew to 
manhood, obtaining a good education and receiv- 
ing excellent home training. In his native State 
he married, and there continued to reside until his 
removal to Kansas. The wife of our subject bore 
the maiden name of Nancy F. Blanchard. She is 
the daughter of George and Caroline (Bradley) 
Blanchard. Her father was a native of Rhode 
Island, from which State he removed with his par- 
ents to Connecticut, and in that .State he still 
spends a portion of his time with a son, Caleb 
Blanchard, and the remainder of his time with his 
daughter, Mrs. Eddy. The mother died in Marys- 
villein the year 1888, her remains being interred 
in the old family cemetery at Shakersville, Conn., 
where the body of Mrs. Eddy's grandfather, Caleb 
Blanchard, also reposes. Mrs. Blanchard was 
reared in the faith of the Congregational Church, 
having membership in that denomination in Con- 
necticut. Mrs. Eddy is the motlier of six chil- 
dren : George W. ; Caroline R, now the wife of 
Frank Griffee (see sketch of Marshall Griffee which 
occupies another page in this book); Mary R., 
Horace S., Lewis H., and Susan W. 

Mr. Eddy is a member of the Democratic party, 
but in local matters votes for men whom he con- 

sidders best qualified for office, regardless of their 
political faith. He is a man of fine moral princi- 
ples, 'enterprising business habits, and commands 
the hearty respect of his fellow-citizens. 


I^LT GOLDSBERRY. This substantial old 
IP veteran of eightv -three years was found cora- 
li^^ fortably located at liis large, well regulated 
farm, which embraces 320 acres on sections 22, 29 
and 30, in Guittard Township. His surroundings 
indicate the patience and perseverance with which 
he must have labored in redeeming a portion of 
the soil of Northern Kansas from its primitive 
condition. The pioneer history of this part of the 
county would scarcely be complete without the 
record of the life and labors of Mr. Goldsberry, 
who has borne no unimportant part in brino-ino- it 
to its present condition. His has been a career to 
which his descendants may revert with pride and 
satisfaction after he has been gathered to his 
fathers. A native of Ross County, Ohio, Mr. 
Goldsberry was born May 31, 1806. A few years 
later his parents removed to Indiana, where Eli 
completed tiie rudiments of a common-school edu- 
cation, and became familiar with agricultural pur- 
suits. When a young man of twenty-three years, 
in 1829, he was married to Miss Anna Guy. The 
young people settled upon a farm, and in the 
course of a few years the household circle em- 
braced ten children. The wife and mother died in 
Indiana, and our subject was then married to Miss 
Elizabeth Paulson, who came with her family to 
Kansas, and died at the homestead in this county 
in 1858. 

About 1856 Mr. Goldsberry moved across the 
Mississii)pi into Iowa, where he lived two years 
and thence came to this county, arrivino- in Guit- 
tard Township on the 8th of August, 1858. He 
took up a tract of Government land, and a home- 
stead besides, and added to his real estate until he 
was at one time the owner of 640 acres. He paid 
special attention to the home farm, however, insti- 
tuting one improvement after another as rapidly as 
possible, and laboring early and late in the cultiva- 



tion of the soil, and endeavoring to obtain a foot- 
hold. In due time his industry met with its 
reward, and he is comparativelj' independent. He 
makes a specialty of stock-raising, and among other 
good qualities uniformly votes with the Republican 

For his third wife Mr. Goldsberry married Miss 
Sarah Wolfe, and to them were born eleven chil- 
dren, ten of whom are living, namel3-: Hulda E., 
John E., Martha, Clinton B.,Ida A., Silas G., Will- 
iam W.. Francis M., Ruth and Marinda. Mrs. 
Sarah (AYolfe) Goldsberry was born in Boone 
County, Ind., in April, 1841, and in 1860 came 
with her husband to this county, of which she has 
since been a resident. 



f 1 ACOB L. HOLLO WAY. While great praise 
is due the men who left the comforts of the 
East for the purpose of building homes'and 
establishing homesteads in the new West, and 
who lived and died where so many years of earnest 
labor and unremitting toil had been passed, 3'ct 
we miTSt not forget the important part taken in the 
development of the resources of the county, by 
those who are natives of the place they now in- 
habit, or came here when they were so young they 
have only a few childish recollections of other 
scenes than the ones now surrounding them. 
Among the young men of prominence and ability, 
Mr. Jacob L. Hollowaj' is especially worthy of 
honorable mention. He was born in Ohio. Jan. 19, 
1852, to Noah and Mary A. (Hoig) Holloway. 
The mother had previous to this marriage been 
imited in bonds of wedlock with Francis Sanford, 
who died in Ohio. Our subject was only seven 
years of age when he accompanied his parents to 
Kansas. (See biographical sketch of Thomas L. 
HoUowa}'.) The father of our subject has passed 
to his rest, tlie date of ins deatli being Jan. 29, 
1879; but the mother still resides with her sou 

The boyhood and youth of Mr. HoUowa}- were 
spent in a comparatively uneventful manner, being 
occupied with the various duties attendant upon 

farm life, and in the intervals being engaged in tlie 
pursuit of knowledge in the primitive temples of 
of learning, such as were then scattered here and 
there along the lonely roads. Looking out at the 
cabin door, he used to watch the antelope and deer 
grazing in groups, and furnishing much excite- 
ment for the pioneer hunter, who was always glad 
to add to the larder of the housewife by a nice 
venison steak, or other choice delicacies. At 
that time the Indians were numerous, not yet 
having been driven West by the advancing tide of 
civilization. Marysville, now a populous and 
thriving cit3', was then a rural hamlet, with few 
people, and would scarcely be recognized as the 
now prosperous town, with its railroads, schools 
and churches, and other indications of prosperitj'. 
Ten years ago our subject was united in mar- 
riage with Sarah A., daughter of George and 
America (Jones) Reed3\ Their marriage was sol- 
emnized Nov. 18, 1879, in Marshall Countj', Kan. 
Mrs. Hollo waj' is a native of Missouri, coming to 
Kansas in 1858, when a mere babe, having been 
born Feb. 17, 1858. Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Hollowaj- 
are the parents of four children, namely- : Bertha, 
born July 27,1880; Thomas B., Jan. 17, 188S; 
William A., Nov. 15, 1884; and an infant that died 
unnamed, was born Jan. 4, 1887. With the aid of 
his estimable wife Mr. Holloway has built up a com- 
fortable home, and is now the owner of a splendid 
farm of eighty acres, well cultivated, and compi-is- 
ing some of the most fertile soil in the county, 
soil, that responds readily to the careful hand of the 
husbandman. He and his family are highly respected 
by all those among whom they have lived for many 
years, and are valued members of the best society 
of the county. In politics lie is a stanch Repub- 

■' ^^ piling the pioneer history of Marshall 
County, it would scarcely be complete 
without mention of the life of one of its 
earliest and most efficient physicians, who, although 
deceased for a period of twenty-seven years, is still 
remembered by many of the older residents, not 



only for bis talents as a practitioner, but his gen- 
uine worth as a member of the community. He 
departed this life in October, 1862, and is one of 
those whose names are held in kindly remembrance. 
He was a man of decided views, a stanch Repub- 
lican, politically, and in religious matters identi- 
fied with the Methodist P^piscopal Church as an 
exhorter, and one of its most earnest laborers. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Highland 
Count}', Ohio, and was the son of Daniel Ockerman, 
a farmer who prosecuted his calling in Highland 
Count}', that State, but finally removed to Cincin- 
nati, where he spent his last days. Our subject took 
kindly to his books during his youth, and through 
his own efforts acquired a good education. He 
chose the profession of medicine, and was grad- 
uated regularly from one of the Ohio colleges. In 
1850 he was united in marriage with Miss Polly 
Merron, after which he located on a farm in De- 
catur County, Ind., where they lived until remov- 
ing to Tippecanoe County, Ind. In the latter 
county Dr. Ockermr.n engaged in teaching school. 
Not being satisfied with his prospects and sur- 
roundings in Indiana, our subject decided to seek 
the farther AVest, and in June, 1852, set out over- 
land with a team, and landed on Muddy Creek, in 
Decatur County, Iowa. There he resumed farm- 
ing, but met with considerable discouragement on 
account of failing health. Finally he resolved to 
seek his fortunes in Northern Kansas, and setting 
out as before by team, he came with his family to 
this county, being one of the first to locate in 
what is now Vermillion Township. The hardships 
and privations afterward encountered by the Ock- 
man family, make a story similar in its detail to 
that which has so often been recounted in this 
work. Here, as before, he prosecuted agriculture, 
and as the country became settled up, followed his 
profession until 1860. Then returning to Iowa, he 
located in Brooklyn, Howard County, remaining 
there until after the outbreak of the Civil War. 
He then volunteered his services to the Union 
cause, but was rejected on account of ill health, 
and only survived a short time thereafter. 

Mrs. Ockerman, after the death of her husband, 
remained a resident of Iowa for some time, then 
returned to this county and began farming on the , 

old homestead, having to begin anew. She effected 
good improvements on the place, carried on agri- 
culture successfully, and reared her family. Ii was 
ditlicult at times to make both ends meet and keep 
the wolf from the door, but being industrious 
and an excellent manager she succeeded, and con- 
tinued there until 1879. In the meantime she pur- 
ch.ased a loom, and in addition to her household 
duties, and the general oversight of the farm, spun 
and wove, working sometimes the greater part of 
the twenty-four hours. 

In the year above-mentioned Mrs. Ockerman dis- 
posed of her farm property and removed to Frank- 
fort, where she put up a residence. She occupied 
this a number of years, and then, at the solicitation 
of her daughter, Mrs. Tilley, sold her town prop- 
erty, and took up her abode with the latter in 
Rock Township, where she now makes her home. 
She owns a 40-acre farm, well improved, in Ver- 
million Township. She has four children living, 
the eldest of whom, Mary H. (Mrs. Alilliken), is the 
wife of the County Surveyor, and resides in Marys- 
ville. Emma is the wife of R. H. Tilley, of Rock 
Township, and who is represented elsewhere in this 
volume. Josiah D. is traveling in the West. Will- 
iam H. is attending the Kansas City Dental Col- 
lege. Mrs. Ockerman is a lady of very decided' 
views and opinions, and her sympathies, politi- 
cally, are with the Union Labor party. She has 
been for many years a prominent and active mem- 
ber of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Little 
Timber school-house. Mrs. Ockerman was born in 
Bartholomew County, Ind., Oct. 15, 1826. She was 
reared there on a farm until reaching womanhood, 
and there also was married. She has been the wit- 
ness of many and great changes, and has watched 
the growth and development of the Great West 
with that warm interest which none but the inteli- 
gent mind can feel. Kansas, now a prosperous 
commonwealth, bears little resemblance to the wild 
frontier, upon which she settled with her husband, 
and endured the trials and tribulations usually 
encountered by those who ventured to this region 
soon after the Indians had left it. She is one of 
the oldest residents of MarshaU County, and after 
her and her husband Ockermau Creek was named. 
She has many friends among the people of this 



county by whom she is held in deep respect, not 
only on account of her age, but the excellent 
qualities of her character. 

The father of Mrs. Ockerman, was John M. Her- 
ron, a native of North Carolina, who, in addition to 
farming pursuits, operated as a blacksmith and 
wheelwright. He removed to Kentucky, where he 
sojourned a number of years, then crossing the Ohio 
River, settled in the forests of Bartholomew 
County, Ind., where he engaged at his trade a few 
years, and then removed to Tippecanoe County. 
In the latter he entered a tract of land, aud in 
addition to farming engaged in the manufacture of 
chairs, wheels, etc., and made all his own farm im- 
plements and fixtures. In 1854 he came to this 
State with his family, and locating upon a farm in 
Vermillion Township, labored until advancing age 
caused him to retire, when he took up his abode 
with his daughter Polly. In 1862 he returned on 
a visit to Indiana, where his death occurred in 
Tippecanoe County, when he was over seventy 
years old. The paternal grandfather of Mrs. Ock- 
erman was John Herron, who was of English de- 
scent, anil who served in the Revolutionary War, 
receiving wounds which crippled him for life. 

■^f f OHN T. WATT. Among the men who have 
been instrumental in forwarding the agri- 
cultural interests of Marshall County, Mr. 
iK^/ Watt has occupied a prominent position. 
He is a thorough and skillful farmer as a glance at 
his fine homestead will at once indicate. He owns 
and occupies 160 acres, comprising a portion of 
sections 1, 8, and 9, Richland Township, to which 
he removed Oct. 1, 1883. This was then a tract of 
wild land without any improvements whatever, and 
it is hardly necessary to say that no small amount 
of time, labor and money have been expended in 
bringiag it to its present condition. Tlie greater 
part has been thoroughly cultivated, and produces 
in abundance the rich crops of this region ; the bal- 
ance is good pasture. Mr. Watt has put out an 
orchard of 400 apple trees, and a quantity of forest 

trees, which form a fine windbreak. He has fenced 
and cross-fenced his land, erected substantial build- 
ings, and gathered together the modern machinerj' 
required in developing the soil to the best advan- 
tage. In addition to general farming, he makes a 
specialty of stock-raising — horses, cattle and swine 
— and feeds the most of the fifty acres of corn 
which he usuallj- plants. He puts in about thirty 
acres of oats, fifteen acres of flax, and has fifteen 
acres of fine meadow land, which produces a choice 
quality of timothy hay. The improvements on his 
farm have been effected in six years' time, mostly 
by the proprietor alone, he hiring help onl^' about 
six months during the entire period. 

Mr. Watt was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, 
March 17, 1840, but when he was an infant of three 
months, his parents removed to Jefferson Count}', 
where he was reared to man's estate, and received 
a good practical education in the common school. 
About the time of reaching his majority, the Re- 
bellion having broken out, he enlisted as a Union 
soldier, July 12, 1861, in Company A, 32d Ohio 
Infantry,. which was assigned to the army of the 
Cumberland, and first sent into Virginia. He first 
met the enemy in actual conflict at the battle of 
Green Briar, in the Alleghany Mountains, when 
there were about 5,000 troops on each side, the 
Union boys being under the command of Gen. Mil- 
roy. He also fought along the valley of the Shen- 
endoah in many skirmishes, and was at Vicksburg 
and Port Hudson. At Harper's Ferry, after three 
days' fighting, he was captured with 5.000 otiiers, 
but with them was soon paroled and sent to Chi- 
cago to be exchanged. Later our subject went with 
his regiment to the vicinitj' of Vicksburg, where 
Grant was operating and again to Port Hudson. 
He participated in many of the important battles 
which followed, namely : Franklin, Wilson Creek, 
Jackson, Miss., Champion Hills, Black River, and 
was present at the siege of Vicksburg. After the 
capture of the city, they set out and marched 400 
miles to Meridan, Ga., destroying everything along 
the railroad lines, and some days marching twenty 
hours out of the twenty-four. After returning 
from Canton, Miss., they were seven days without 
rations, living on parched corn until a train of sup- 
plies could reach them from Vicksburg. They 



cai)tured a number of rebels, among them being 
one Jeff Davis, although not tiie leader of the Con- 
federacy. Their next expedition was up the Ten- 
nessee River, and they afterward joined Sherman 
on his march to the sea as far as Atlanta. 

Mr. Watt, when in the vicinity of Kenesaw 
Mountain, was sent out scouting with an Indian^ 
and received fifteen bullet holes through his clothes, 
while his left arm was broken, and one of the large 
arteries partiall}' severed. Prior to this, while 
scouting in the Alleghany Mountains, he was sepa- 
rated from his regiment for six weeks, but received 
no bodily injury. After being wounded he was 
sent to Rome, Ga., where he remained four weeks, 
tlien went home on a furlough. When starting to 
rejoin his regiment, he was sent to Chattanooga 
and thence to New Berne, N. C, whence he pro- 
ceeded to Washington, and was present at the 
Grand Review at the close of the war. Shortly af- 
terward he received his honorable discharge at Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, and was mustered out in Louisville, 
K}'., after having given to his country a faithful 
service of four years and three months. He has 
not 3'et entirely' recovered from the effects of army 
life and his wounds. 

After retiring from service, Mr. Watt lived one 
year in Carroll County, Ohio, then removed to 
De Kalb County, Mo., where he became owner of 
120 acres of land, three miles from Marysville, the 
county seat. In connection with farming, he oper- 
ated as a contractor and builder in Marysville, 
Plattsburg, St. Joseph, and Northern Kansas, and 
was thus employed until coming to this count}'. 
Here he has been Township Clerk, and a member 
of the School Board, besides occupying other posi- 
tions only given to the useful and efficient citizen. 
He votes the straight Republican ticket, and be- 
lieves in ''the Union forever." 

While a resident of Marysville, Mo., our subject 
was married Oct. 18, 1870, to Miss Nancy J., Mc- 
Claren, and of this union there have been horn four 
children, all of whom are living — Grace, Bertha, 
Bessie, and a babe unnamed. Mrs. Watt was born 
in Carroll County. Ohio, July 31, 1850, and when 
a young lady, removed to Missouri to keep house 
for a brother. She lived there until the time of 
her marriage. Her parents, John and Anna JIc- 

Claren, were natives of Virginia and Ohio, and arc 
now deceased; she was the fifth in a family of eight 

James Watt, father of our subject, was born in 
Pennsylvania, and was married in the Key Stone 
State, to Miss Maria Thomas. Shortly afterward 
they .removed to Carroll County, Ohio, and then to 
Jeft'erson County, where they spent the remainder 
of their days, living to a ripe old age, the father 
dying in the spring of 1882, at the age of seventy, 
two, and the mother three months later, at the age 
of seventy. The latter was born in 1812, and was 
the daughter of William Thomas. Mr. Watt so- 
cially belongs to the Masonic fraternity, also to 
the A. O. U. W., the G. A R., and the Pilgrim 
Knights. By a course of general reading he has 
kept himself well informed in regard to current 
events, and is in all respects a representative citizen. 

iHOMAS McMAHAN, of Irish-American 
parentage, is a: leading, influential, and re- 
spected citizen of Marshall County, which 
has been his home for a period of nearly twenty 
years. He is the son of John and Sarah (Lon- 
don) McMahan, the former a native of Ire- 
land, and the latter of Northumberland County, 
Pa. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. John Mc- 
Mahan located in Northumberland Count}-, Pa., 
where for many years they were valued and indus- 
trious members of the community. They afterward 
removed to Bradford County, Pa., where they both 
l)assed to their final rest. In their family of eight 
children our subject was the eldest, and, as is the 
usual experience with the eldest child in a laro-e 
famil}', he was never allowed to lapse into idleness, 
but was a constant example to the 3'ounger children 
of thrift, prudence and industry. The date of his 
birth was March 26, 1832, and he was born during 
the sojourn of his parents in Northumberland 
County, Pa. His father was a contractor, but also 
owned and operated a farm. Here the son grew to 
manhood, learning to make himself useful at what- 
ever needed his attention, and helping his father 
in every way possible. When a small boy his 



father and mother removed to Bradford County, 
Pa., where he continued to live until 1871, com- 
ing tiien to Marshall County, accompanied by his 
wife and four children. 

Tlie first home of Mr. and Mrs. McMahan was 
in the same location as their farm of the present, 
being situated on section 18, Franklin Township. 
He is the fortunate possessor and cultivator of 167 
acres of land, comprising as fine land as is to be 
found in the West. He has made some good im- 
provements on his home place. He has received 
the assistance of his wife in all his efforts to ad- 
vance his interests and to provide for his children. 
He was married, in Bradford Count}', Pa., Dec. 23. 
1856, the wife being in her youth Miss Jemima 
Elliott, daugiiter of Joseph S. and Jemima (Hor- 
tou) Elliott. (For further account of the life of 
her parents see sketch of J. M. Elliott, elsewhere 
in this volume.) Mr. and Mrs. Elliott were the 
parents of nine children, of whom Mrs. McMahan 
was the eighth in order of birth. She was born in 
Bradford County, Pa., April 6, 1837, and lived in 
the home of lier birth until her marriage. 

Our subject and his wife are the parents of 
seven children, two deceased. Below they are 
enumerated: The eldest died in infancy: James E., 
Mattie E., Thomas W., George C, John Y. and 
Maud I. Mattie was snatched from the loving par- 
ents by the hand of death, dying in the springtime 
of life, at the age of twenty years. She passed 
away in Franklin Township, Nov. 19, 1881, just 
when the carefull^'-nourished bud was blossoming 
into a lovely rose. Truly, there is "no home, how- 
e'er defended, but has one vacant chair." Though 
gone before these many years, she is still sincerely' 
mourned for by those who held her dear. The 
other daughter is receiving a good education in the 
district school, and is being fitted to be an orna- 
ment to society, wliich her refinement and accom- 
plishments will permit her to adorn. The sons are 
all residents of this county. One son, James E., 
has located the "Home City" Nurser}' on his 
father's farm. 

Our subject in his political affiliation is in sym- 
pathy with the Union Labor party, and has held 
various offices in liis township, among them being- 
Town Clerk for two terms, and also School Treas- 

urer for six years. The people have thus endeav- 
ored by ever}' possible means to displaj' their 
confidence in him. In the Masonic fraternity he 
is a valued member and active worker. Mrs. Mc- 
Mahan is in her belief a Christian Scientist, and is 
known for miles around as possessing admirable 
traits of character and wonderful strength of mind. 
In the best social circles of the communit}' our 
subject and his wife are honored guests, while in 
turn they welcome their many friends under their 
own iiospitable roof. 

»|/^^ ENRY BRENNEKE, general merchant, grain 
jtji; and live-stock dealer of the town of Bremen, 
J^K^ is wideh' and favorably' known as locater 
(^^ and chief support of the place Where he re- 
sides, as well as a man of means. He is one of 
those whose present prosperity has been attained 
by untiring industry under the most discouraging 
circumstances, and whose life presents a stirring 
example to those who are just beginning a career. 
The parents of our subject, Henry and Mary 
(Hille) Brenneke, were natives of Germany, where 
five children were born to them, our subject first 
seeing the light in Hanover, June 28, 1847, and 
receiving a good education under the compulsor}' 
laws of his native land. The eldest son, Christ, 
came to the United States in 1861, and as soon as 
he had earned sufficient money sent for his father 
and family to come to him. They embarked on 
the sail-ship "Adler" and after a voyage of seven 
weeks, landed May 31, 1864 at New York City, 
whence they came directly to Cook County, 111., 
finding that their son, Christ, had died a month 
before their arrival. An older daughter of the 
family ,Johnnah, wife of Henry Poppe, had come to 
America and was at that time living in Illinois, 
her husband being in the army. Left without 
money, and with no accquaintances near, ex- 
cept the friends of the deceased son and brother, 
the father, mother and children, hired out to work 
by the day or month, as they best could. A 
daughter, Mary, wife of Frederick Germer, was yet 
in Germany, and as soon as sufficient money had 



been earned for the purpose, she was sent for; and 
with the arrival of herself and family, the parental 
family were reunited. Our subject was about 
seventeen 3'ears of age wlien he came to America, 
and for three j^ears worked upon a farm in Illi- 
nois. After the return of his brother-in-law, Mr. 
Poppe, from the service, the two came to Kansas 
to look up a location for the family. The follow- 
ing year all came to this count}', locating on Moun- 
tain Creek, tliis being in April, 1867. Here our 
subject took a homestead of 160 acres on section 6, 
where Bremen is now located. The father located 
in another part of the township, but spent his last 
daj-s with our subject, dying July 13, 1874 aged 
sixty-four years. The mother still lives, making 
iier home with our subject. 

Here in 1872 the marriage of our subject took 
|)lr.ce, his bride being Mary, daughter of Henry 
and Eva (Vogel) Schneck, a native of Wurtem- 
burg, Germany, where her parents and ancestors 
were born and reared. Mr. and Mrs. Brenneke 
have lost two children — Henry and Caroline — and 
five still live to gladden their lives. The surviv- 
ors are named respectively, Herman, Frederick, 
Wilhelmina, Anna and Maria. 

Our subject still owns his original homestead, 
ineUiding the town site, which was platted in 1886, 
on which lie has a good frame residence and other 
buildings, a store and a grain office; he also owns 
eight}' acres of his father's home farm. Mr. Bren- 
neke has a partner in the mercantile business, Mr. 
Otto Peicker, and the firm usually carry from $4,000 
to $5,000 worth of goods. The grain and live- 
stock business is carried on solely by Mr. Brenneke. 
The town of Bremen owes its existence to the 
efforts of our subject, who, now as the only general 
merchant and grain and stock dealer in this place, 
is the chief business support of the town and its 
contributory districts. 

Mr. Brenneke and his wife are members of the 
Lutheran Church, the same faith having been held 
by their ancestors for generations back. For sev- 
eral years our subject has held the office of Trustee 
in that church. He is a man of independent politi- 
cal views, voting for those whom he considers 
most capable of administering the offices to which 
they are nominated. For three years past lie has 

served as Postmaster of this place. He is one of 
the charter members of the Bremen Farmers' Mu- 
tual Insurance Company, of which body he has 
been Secretary for about twelve years. He has 
served as Clerk of the School Board during a per- 
iod of eighteen years. He is possessed of the 
sterling traits of character that make a man a power 
in a community, and is one whose presence seems 
indispensable to the town in whose development 
he is so deeply interested, and to whose growth he 
so largely contributes. 

Sft OSEPH MANNING. In the front ranks of 
those who were attracted to Kansas by ru- 
moi-s of its vast wealth of soil, and its appar- 
(^^ ently unlimited resources, was he of whom 
this brief notice is written. He is located on sec- 
tion 18, Franklin Township, which has been his 
permanent residence since 1883. Both the father 
and grandfather of our subject were by name John 
Manning, the father of our subject, a native of 
Clermont County, Ohio, where he married Miss 
Ursula B. Morgan, also a native of the same State 
as himself. Living in this, tlie home of their youth, 
until 1850, they resolved to seek pastures new, and 
accordingly repaired to Appanoose County, Iowa, 
which, with the exception of four years in Lee 
County, the same State, has since been their home. 
There the father passed away from earth, leaving 
his wife and family in good circumstances. The 
mother of Joseph Manning yet survives, residing 
in Appanoose County, Iowa. 

The home circle of Mr. and Mrs. John Manning, 
Jr., was enlarged until in time eleven children 
clustered around the fireside, and among these our 
subject was the fourth in order of birth. He was 
born in Franklin Township, Clermont Co., Ohio, 
on the 20th of November, 1837, and lived in his 
birthplace until he was about thirteen years of age, 
when he accompanied his parents to Iowa. Tiiis 
was his home until 1870, but in the meantime sev- 
eral important events had occurred in his life. 
About the time he became of age the topic of slav- 
ery was one of all absorbing interest, and a nation 



was threatened with extinction and ruin. Popular 
feeling was aroused to a fever heat, and enthusiasm 
for the national cause was unbounded. In his quiet 
country home our subject had ample time to reflect 
on these vital questions, and when the call for 
more soldiers came he responded at once to the ap- 
peal. He was for three years a faithful and cour- 
ageous soldier, having enlisted in August, 1862, in 
Company I, 36th Iowa Infantry, and efcaped with, 
out any severe injuries being received in service. 

When Mr. Manning's term of service had expired 
he returned to his old home in Appanoose County, 
Iowa, and soon afterward married. He was very 
fortunate in his selection of a life partner, his wife 
being Miss Maria I. Holshouser, to whom he was 
united in the bonds of wedlock Dec. 31, 1865. Her 
parents were Milus A., and Caroline (Atkinson) 
Holshouser. the former a native of North Carolina, 
and the latter supposed to have been born in Ind- 
iana. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. Hol- 
shouser settled in Putnam County, Ind., which was 
their home until 1850, when they came to Wa- 
pello Countj^ Iowa; after a five years' sojourn in 
the latter county they again removed, this time 
locating in Appanoose County, Iowa, where Mrs. 
Holshouser died in 1861. At the present time her 
husband yet survives. To Mr. and Mrs. Holshou- 
ser was born a family of eight children, of whom 
Maria I. (Mrs. Manning) the fourth. Her birth- 
place was Putnam Count}-, Ind., and the date of 
her birth Aug. 30, 1849. 

Remaining in Iowa for only a few years after 
their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Manning were induced 
to remove to Kansas, and preempted a homestead 
of 160 acres in Marshall Count}' on section 18, 
Franklin Township. The ensuing five years were 
passed in the busy pursuits of agriculture in this then 
new country, but the charms of old friendships, 
and the ties of old associations drew him back to 
the home in Appanoose County, where the family 
remained until 1883. He dales his permanent resi- 
dence in Kansas from tiiat year, as he then removed 
to Marshall County, where he has a good farm now 
well improved and carefully cultivated. 

During all these j'ears of labor, Mr. Manning has 
been greatly assisted and cheered by the faithful, 
ever devoted wife, and has also enjoyed the com- 

panionship of his children, of whom there were 
born six, namely: William A., who died in infancy; 
Nevada A., who was removed from the loving par- 
ents and friends by the angel of death, waiting to 
lead this fair flower of earth to gardens of unfad- 
ing glory. Her death occurred in Appanoose 
County, Iowa, Feb. 14, 1882, when she was four- 
teen years of age. The living cliildreu are: Ed- 
ward A., Gertie M., Mary E. and Clyde C. 

Mr. Manning afHliates with the Republican party 
in matters political, and has held several of the 
township offices. Together with his wife, he has 
been a consistent member of the Methodist Church, 
which he has assisted in every way possible, both 
by the example of an upright life, and by giving 
it financial aid. They are also welcome additions 
to the social circles of their vicinity, and being 
now in life's prime, will probably devote the re- 
mainder of their lives to the cultivation and im- 
provement of their property and the education of 
their children. 

,^^EORGE HAHN. This county is indebted 
ill f^-j to the lands across the sea for many of lier 
^^^S most enterprising citizens. Not the least 
among them is the above named gentleman, 
who resides upon a well-tilled farm on section 34, 
Franklin Township. He is a native of (xermany, 
in which country he was born May 2, 1838, being 
the sou of Christian and Catherina (Patzke) Hahn, 
both of whom lived and died in tiieir native land. 
The parental family consisted of thirteen children, 
of whom our subject was the third. He p.issed iiis 
boyhood upon his father's farm, and at tlie age of 
sixteen found employment as clerk in a general 
store. This position he occupied for three years, 
when he returned to the farm, remaining until the 
age of twenty-four. Believing that the New 
World afforded a better field for the energies of a 
young man, he came to America, landing in New 
York the 2d of August, 1862. From that city he 
went direct to Detroit, Mich., in or about whicli 
place he remained until 1865, when he went to 
Livingston County, Mo. Here lie remained for a 



3"eai', euiploj'ed for the greater part of that time in 
running a sawmill. He next crossed the plains to 
Denver, Col., driving a mule team and making one 
round trip, which consumed about two months. 
He tlien returned to Denver and entered the em- 
ploy of a stage company, being on the route from 
Denver to Living Springs, for over a year. At the 
expiration of this time he started a hay ranch, four- 
teen miles west of Living Springs, Col. He lived 
upon this ranch about nine months, when he returned 
to St. Joseph, Mo., where he remained for over a 
year, suffering from rheumatism, which had taken 
so firm a hold upon his system that he was unable 
to work. As soon as he had sufficiently recovered 
to engage in light employment, he accepted a po- 
sition as bar-tender, and after the expiration of a 
year, entered upon the work of traveling agent for 
a wholesale wine, liquor and grocery house of St. 
Joseph. He remained in the employ of this estab- 
lishment for about eighteen mouths, leaving it to 
accept the position of travelling agent of an agri- 
cultural implement house, which he retained for 
nearly three years. In 1871 he visited his native 
land, remaining about six months. During this 
time he was married, and returning to America, he 
settled in St. Joseph, Mo., where, ably assisted by 
his wife, he operated a milk dairy for a period of 
eight years. In 1879 he sold out and opened a 
flour, feed and commission store, in which business 
he continued successfully until 1883. At this time 
he sold out his business and came to this county, 
settling upon section 34. Franklin Township, where 
he owns 160 acres of well-tilled land. Since his 
settlement in Kansas, he has given his attention to 
farming, in connection with which he makes a 
specialty of raising Poland-China hogs. 

The marriage of Mr. Hahn took place Sept. 7, 
1871, his bride being Miss Ottilea Engler, daughter 
of Prof. Carl and Caroline (Behrcnd) Engler. The 
mother died in Germany, and the father is now a 
resident of Home City. Mrs. Hahn was born in 
Germany Jan. 21, 1852, and has borne her husband 
nine children — Carl, Christian, Katie, George, Ot- 
tilea, Gustav. Henrietta, Lena and Otto. 

The home of our subject is one of those well- 
kept places suited to the needs of an enterprising 
farmer, and an intelligent family. The buildin2;s 

are comfortable and attractive. Mr. Hahn is a 
man of industrious habits, as his life well shows, 
possessing in a marked degree the traits of charac- 
ter, which make of him one of the most reliable 
and energetic citizens of the township. His fel- 
low-citizens have shown their confidence in his 
ability by placing in his hands different school of- 
fices. He is now a member of the Union Labor 
party, though formerly in sympathy with the Dem- 
ocrats. He has been President of the Society of 
the Lutheran Church, of whicli he and his wife are 
earnest and consistent membtrs. 

4*; ,..5=<>^..4^ 

JOHN B. RESER, the subject of this sketch, 
is most emphatically a self-made man in all 
that the term implies. He was born in Au- 
rora, 111., March 29, 1846, and came to this 
county in 1870, locating a farm of 160 acres on sec- 
tion 30, Clear Fork Township. His farm, then a wild 
and unbroken prairie, has by his energy and enter- 
prise been brought to its present state of cultivation. 
It is now one of the model farms of the community, 
well-fenced and possessing all the requisite buildings 
and machinery for its successful operation ; it is in 
every respect all that a farm should be. 

The parents of our subject, Anthony Eeser and 
his wife, whose maiden name was Phileta Soul, 
were both natives of Ohio, and had nine children. 
Almira J., now Mrs. Shedden; Armena, Mrs. Lath- 
rop; Marilla, Mrs. Lewis; Charles W., John B., 
our subject, Alanson S., Dema M., Ella A., now 
deceased, and Florence I. Dema and Florence are 
unmarried. John B. Reser, our subject was brought 
up and educated in Plato, Kane Co., 111. He after- 
ward attended the Elgin Academy for two years, 
where he acquired an excellent education which he 
afterwards put to practical use by teaching school 
in Illinois for seven years. He came to this county 
in 1870, where he has lived ever since, except for 
two years which he spent in De Kalb and Kane 
counties. 111. 

The wife of the subject of our sketch was Phebe 
E. Ellithorpe, daughter of Stephen R. Ellithorpe, 



of Burlingtou, Kane Co., 111. Born in Burlington, 
she resided there with her parents until her mar- 
riage with John B. Eeser, which took place Aug. 
17, 1869. Of this union three children were born 

Myrt L., Mettie A. and Ella A., a bright and 

intelligent family of whom any parents might be 
proud. - Although a prominent man, respected and 
admired by everyone, Mr. Reser has never sought 
public office, though he has served as Township 
Trustee and was Township Clerk for three years, 
and has also served for three terms as School Clerk. 
Mr. and Mrs. Reser with their two eldest children, 
are active and influential members of the Congre- 
gational Church. They are deeply interested in 
the moi-al and intellectual advancement of the com- 
munity where they reside. 

(^p^HOMAS J. MANN, a prominent and well- 
M^\ known farmer and stock-raiser of Oketo 
^^^f' Township, has, on section 23, one of the 
best appointed and best managed farms in Mar- 
shall Count}', and also one of the finest residences 
within its bounds. Elsewhere in this Album ap- 
pears a fine view of this beautiful structure, which 
not only produces a favorable impression on the 
exterior, but within is filled with evidences of 
skilled hands and refined tastes. 

Our subject is a native of Ohio, having been 
born in Delaware Countj', June 20, 1839. He was 
third in order of birth of the ten children born to 
Eleazer and Lucy (Cook) Mann, natives respect- 
ively of New Jerse}' and Ohio. The father, a son 
of Shuey Mann, a native of New Jersey, was reared 
in Ohio, where his parents had removed in the 
early days of its settlement, and he there married a 
daughter of Capt. Cook, an officer in the War of 
1812. They spent the early years of their wedded 
life in Delaware Countj*. 

Our subject passed the most of his boyhood in 
the State of his birth, and from his worthj' parents 
received the careful training that so well fitted him 
for his honorable and useful career in after life. 

At the age of fourteen, a manly, active, self- 
reliant lad, he left his old home and went to Iowa, 

where he lived till he was seventeen years old. 
Not content with the quiet life that he was leading 
there, the spirited, venturesome youth desired to 
see more of the world, and determining to visit the 
Pacific Coast and find what life held for him there, 
he pushed on across the plains and mountains to 
Oregon and "Washington territories, the journej^ in 
those anti-bellum days being fraught with dangers 
and perils that the modern traveler, comfortably 
seated in a luxurious Pullman car behind the swift 
iron steed, knows not of. Our subject remained in 
that part of the country one year, working in the 
cabinet shop of Hergan & Shanler. He then made 
his way to Idaho, where he was employed in split- 
ting clapboards and burning coal during the three 
ensuing years. At the expiration of that time he 
invested some of his money in ponies, and with 
them recrossed the plains to Jackson County, Iowa. 

Desiring to become more settled in life and to 
have a home of his own, Mr. Mann was soon united 
in marriage with Miss Elizabeth West, and she has 
been to him all that a true wife can be, ever faith- 
ful to his interests, a blessed home-maker, a cheer- 
ful helper, a wise counselor, a loving mother to 
their children, and he gratefully acknowledges his 
indebtedness to her in bringing about their pros- 
perity. She is a daughter of the venerable Evan- 
der West, formerly of Jackson County, Iowa, 
now living in Seward County, Neb, Her mother, 
Mary West, died in 1887. Mrs. Mann was the 
second of seven children, and was born Nov. 15, 
1842. Twelve children have blessed her marriage 
with our subject, of whom the following six are 
living: Charles, Herbert, William, Calvin, George 
and Mary. Thej' have been carefully trained and 
educated to be useful members of society-, and the 
sons are all connected with the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church, while in politics, thej' follow in the 
footsteps of their father, and are ardent supporters 
of the Republican party, and strongly in favor of 
the temperance movement. 

After marriage Mr. Mann settled down to the 
life of a farmer, purchasing a farm in Jackson 
County, Iowa. He managed it successfullj^ four 
years, and then came to Marshall Countj', this 
State, Sept. 10, 1869. being the date of his advent 
here. He cast in his lot with the pioneers of this 

RESiDLNct OF Angus M- Leod ,Sic 2G Oketo Township 

/i/offm Half of New Town-sitc Marictta , Kn n. 

Residence of T. J. Mann, Sec. 23. Oketo Township. 

t>OftTfeAlT Aisrb BiOGRAPHtCAL AtWM. 


section of the county, and bought a farm two miles 
east of this place, which he carried on till 1882. 
In that year he disposed of it at a good price, and 
going to Marysville opened a hotel in that city, 
which he managed one year. At the expiration of 
that time he came to Olieto and purchased his pres- 
ent farm. Besides the trials that tiie Kansas 
farmer often has to contend with in his agricultu- 
ral operations,_Mr. Mann has had the additional bur- 
den of seven years sickness from an abscess in the 
back, caused by a runaway team, that nearly dis- 
abled him, and would have completely unnerved 
and discouraged a less resolute and strong- 
hearted man. Notwithstanding these drawbacks 
his success since coming to Kansas has been con- 
spicuous, and he is numbered among the solid, 
moneyed men of Oketo Township. He has a 
model farm, comprising 240 acres of land, under a 
high state of cultivation, 160 acres being in corn, 
with a fine set of buildings for every needful pur- 
pose, including a handsome residence, erected in 
1887, and considered one of the best in the county. 
Everything about the place is in perfect order, and 
betokens the guidance of a master mind and hand. 
Mr. Mann is engaged extensively in raising stock 
of excellent grades, and handles ninety head of 
cattle, sixteen horses and fifty-five hogs. During 
tlie last two j'ears he has had the misfortune to 
lose nearly 200 hogs a year. On his farm is the finest 
living spring in the county, which furnishes water 
for an artificial fish pond, ten feet in depth, fed 
through two tanks and pipes, the cost of its con- 
struction being §250, and this year he has had it 
stocked with German carp, 1,000 in number. 

Mr. Mann has had a wide and varied experience 
in life, and as an intelligent observer and thinker, 
has profited thereby. He is a fine t,ype of our self- 
made men, and all that he is, and all that he has, 
he owes to his own exertions, as when he set forth 
in the world to make his own way therein, his only 
capital was a sound intellect and a good physique, 
together with a shrewd, ambitious, self-helpful 
spirit. These same traits, while they have been 
prominent factors in bringing about his prosperous 
circumstances, make him an invaluable citizen, and 
as a pioneer of this State, for so he may be denom- 
inated, though not among the early settlers, he has 

done good woik in aiding the development of its 
wonderful agricultural resources and stock-growing 
interests. He and his wife are valued members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church, and he has served 
in the capacity of Steward. He is a member of the 
local School Board, and is earnestly interested in 
educational matters. He takes an active part in 
politics, formerly afHliating with the Democrats, 
but of late identifiying himself with the Repuub- 
lican partJ^ He favors temperance legislation, 
and every such worthy cause finds in him a strong 

Mr. Mann, Mr. McLeod,and Jacob Lawson have 
laid out jointly a town on the Ohio Ri verValley Rail- 
road eight miles north of Marysville, the plat con- 
taining forty acres beautifully situated on the Blue 
River, and from the lay of the land it is bound to 
make a fine village in the near future. 



NGUS McLEOD, a young farmer and 
stock-raiser of more than ordinary intelli- 
gence and enterprise, is ably performing 
his share in upholding the great agricul- 
tural interests of Marshall County, and in him 
Oketo Township finds one of the most active and 
skillful members of its farming community. He is 
a son of Alexander McLeod, of Marysville Town- 
ship, a sketch of whose life appears on another 
page of this work. 

Our subject is the eldest child of his parents, and 
was born in Scotland, March 25, 1856, being three 
years of age when he accompanied the family to 
America. He received his early education at 
Kincardine, Canada, and later attended the public 
schools of Bay City, Mich., and completed his 
studies in the excellent Normal School at Emporia, 
Kan. Thus liberally educated he was fitted for 
any career in life that he might choose to adopt, 
and he first entered the teacher's profession, teaching 
one year in this county. Wishing to still further 
equip himself for his work, he became a student in 
Thomas J. Bryant's Business College at St. Joseph, 
Mo., and pursued a full course in that institution. 
After leaving college Mr. McLeod gave his at- 



tentioD to farming, and has ever since pursued 
that vocation, remaining with his father till he was 
tweutj--six, affording him valuable assistance, and 
at the same time gaining equally valuable experi- 
ence in carrying on agriculture. He then began 
farming on his own account, and has a valuable 
farm of 280 acres, all in a body, and under excel- 
lent cultivaiion, and supplied wit!) a suitable set 
of buildings, including a neat dwelling, 'erected in 
1884, and a substantial barn built in 1889. A 
view of the principal structures on his homestead 
is given on another page. His place is well stocked 
and he handles about two car-loads of cattle each 
year and the same number of hogs. This season 
(1889) his well-tilled harvest fields have vielded 
fine crops, so that he has a large surplus over what 
his stock can consume. Bringing an active and 
well-trained mind to bear upon the problems that 
confront every earnest and thoughtful farmer as 
to the best methods to be pursued in the cultiva- 
tion of his own particular plot of ground, our 
subject has met with the success that his efforts 
merit, and he is already regarded as one of our 
progressive and most successful farmers. 

.January 1, 1879, Mr. McLeod and Miss Nellie 
Taj'lor were united in marriage, and three children 
have been born of their happy wedded life, namelj- : 
Mary Bell, Alexander T., Archibald W. Mrs. 
McLeod is the fourth child of Thomas and Mary 
(iSinclair) Taylor, of St. Joseph, Mo., they having 
had five children, of whom four are now living. 
Mr. Taylor is a blacksmith by trade, but he owns 
and operates a farm in Washington Count3', Kan. 
Mrs. McLeod was born in Canada, and was about 
six years old when her family came to the "States." 
She received a good education in the public schools 
of St. Joseph, and a careful training in the parental 
household that well fitted her to preside over a 
home of her own. Both she and her husband are 
leading members of the Presbyterian Church, of 
which he is an elder, and both are very active in 
the Sunday-school as teachers, and he has been 

Mr. McLeod possesses excellent business qualifi- 
cations, fine tact, and the cann}- thrift and keen 
foresight, undoubtedlj- inherited from his sterling 
Scotch ancestry, which are so essential to success 

in any walk in life. Gifted with an irreproachable 
moral character, he is reputed to be a model young 
man, who is an honor not only to his family, but 
to the communitj' at large. He is actively inter- 
ested in politics, and in him the Republican party 
finds one of its most honest and zealous supporters. 
He has proved that he has all the qualifications 
necessary for a public-spirited civic official, and he 
has served Oketo Township as Clerk, filling that 
office with characteristic faithfulness and abilitv. 

"SI OHN KANE. For the past twenty years this 
gentleman has been a busy, prosperous and 
honored resident of Marshall County, and 
both as a pioneer of the county and as a 
veteran of the Civil War, merits and receives the 
respect of all whose acquaintanceship or friendship 
he has made. His farm is situated on section 34 
in Herkimer Township, and is universally conceded 
to be one of the best in the county, both in point 
of fertilitj^ of the soil and improvements made upon 
it b}- the owner. He is not onl}' interested in general 
farming, but is a stock-raiser cf no small import- 
ance, making a specialty of Durham cattle, Poland- 
China hogs and Norman horses. In the raising of 
these he has been uniformly successful, and has 
been assisted financialh' by the selling of the stock 
he has raised. 

A resident of his present farm since 1879, our 
subject has changed its outward appearance from the 
primitive condition of nature to a"thing of beauty;" 
where once wild animals ranged now the stock 
quietly graze; on the old camping ground of the 
Indians,the only lights visible are those shining out 
with pleasant beams from friendly cottages ; the 
forest trees, scattered here and there irregularly in 
former years, now are outlined in graceful rows, 
symmetrical and beautiful, against the blue of the 
skj'. In the midst of the surrounding landscape, 
as the principal feature visible to the eye, stands 
the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Kane, a commodious, 
recentlj' erected frame house. Near it is a flue orch- 
ard of three acres, and in the background are corn- 
cribs, barn and other outbuildings. On all sides 



stretches the fair land, responding with almost 
human sympathy to the work of the farmer, and 
bestowing upon him bountiful harvests of grain 
and fruits in season. 

Mr. Kane naturally takes an honest pride in his 
military record, |having fought for his country dur- 
ing the period of the dreadful conflict between the 
North and South. He enlisted in August, 1861, in 
Company I, 38th Ohio Infantry, as a private. As 
the terrible contest deepened and thickened, his 
courage rose to the emergencj'. and with the neces- 
sity for immediate action his soul laid aside every 
fetter binding it to earth, and he was prepared to 
even die for the land he loved. For personal bra- 
very he was promoted to the rank of Sergeant in 
May, 1864, a position he held until his discharge 
at the close of the war. Beiow we mention some 
of the battles in which he participated: Stone 
River, Mission Ridge; .Jonesborough, Ga., thence 
with Sherman on his march to the sea, an ever-to-be- 
remembered march, during which the army was 
under constant fire. At Resaca our subject received 
a wound but was not disabled thereby. At Jones- 
borough, in September, 1864, he received a gun-shot 
in the left arm, which, although onl)' a flesh wound, 
tore tlie muscles of the arm very considerably, and 
still is a source of frequently recurring pain to him. 
He took part in the grand review at Washington, 
D. C, and was mustered out of the service July 22, 
1865. Thus was terminated an honorable period 
in the life of Mr. Kane, and although a time of 
horrors, yet in the midst of the sorrows were a few 
joys, and some pleasant and amusing occurrences, 
to which our subject enjoys referring, and of which 
he often thinks when memory goes back to those 
hours of struggle. 

Of Irish and Scotch parentage Mr. Kane was 
born in Londonderry, Ireland, Sept. 12, 1841. In 
the Emerald Isle he passed the days and years of 
childhood, but when ten years of age came with 
his parents, Henry and Mary (King) Kane, to the 
United States. They took passage from Liverpool 
in 1851, in the sail-ship "Fidalia," which was 
anchored in New York harbor in thirty-three days 
after leaving the shores of England. Continuing 
iheir journej' westward the family setttled in Ful- 
ton County, Ohio, and tliere the father died in a 

few months succeeding his arrival in this country, 
the date of his death being June 26, 1852, when he 
had reached the age of forty-five years. The mother 
survived her husband many years, and passed to 
her Qnal rest Oct., 13, 1886. They were both mem- 
bers of the Presbyterian Church in Ireland, and 
the paternal ancestors as far back as the record ex- 
tends were natives of Ireland, while the mother's 
people came from Scotland to Ireland many gener- 
ations ago. 

Preempting a claim of eighty acres in Herkimer 
Township, this county, in July, 1870, Mr. Kane 
there remained until 1879, and thence removed to 
his present farm, buying 160 acres, later addino- to 
it 140 acres, all then in a wild condition, upon 
which few furrows had ever been turned. This 
was the basis of his present possessions, and has 
been the scene of his labors for these many years. 
When peace had once more returned to bless the 
country, and the tumult of war was being forgotten 
in the excitement of business prosperity, Mr. Kane 
turned his thoughts to domestic ties, and in found- 
ing a home of his own, chose as his wife Miss 
Sarah, daughter of Nicholas and Helen (Rector) 
Simmons. This lady was a native of New York 
and came to Ohio when a child in company with 
her parents. The wedding celebration of our sub- 
ject and his excellent wife occurred in Fulton 
County, Ohio, on the 3d of September,! 865, and for 
tiie next five years they resided in the county which 
had for so long been their home, and where they 
had so many warm friends. The parents of Mrs. 
Kane, Mr. and Mrs. Simmons, also came to Mar- 
shall Count}', Maj- 10, 1870, and located in Herki- 
mer Township, where the father passed awa^^ in 
1872, and the mother Jan. 25, 1888. They were 
either natives of Germany or of direct German 

The home circle was completed by the birth 
of seven children, of whom two, John F. and 
Lillian, were laid to rest by the grief stricken par- 
ents. There remain to bless the home five ciiil- 
dren, whose names are recorded .as follows: Albert 
H., Mary E., William A, Leion W. and Lena T., all 
at home. Politically, our subject aims in local 
elections to cast his ballot for the one he deems 
most competent to discharge the duties devolving 



upon him in official life, hut in general elections 
he affiliates with the Republican party. AVhen he 
first came to this county he not only had nothing, 
and was $400 in debt, but now enjoys the possession 
of a competence which will educate his children 
and protect his age from want. 

T' RCHIE P. McLEOD. Scotland may be 
fltl}' described as a cradle of heroism. 
Cowardice, either piiysical or moral, being 
considered almost in the light of a crime, 
by the noble people inhabiting either the highlands 
or lowlands of the country whose soil was trodden 
by such heroes as Wallace and Bruce, and their 
followers. They are a brave, generous, thrifty, 
intellectual, and for the most part moral and relig- 
ious people. Liberty-loving, and intolerant of 
oppression, their descendants in America, contrib- 
ute not a little to the capacity which this country 
has thus far shown to resist all abridgement of the 
proper liberties of its citizens. The Scottish emi- 
grant brings with hira not ouly his love of freedom, 
but also a shrewd thriftincss that assures him a 
living in an}- situation, and rnalies him a desirable 
member of every community. 

To this renowned and glorious people, celebrated 
in song and story, romance and history, Archie 
McLeod is proud to trace his ancestry. His par- 
ents, Duncan and Barbara ^Patterson) McLeod, 
were both natives of North Carolina, of Scotch 
parenl.age. Mr. and Mrs. Duncan McLeod were 
married in their native State, and made it their 
home for some time, subsequently removing to 
Georgia, where they remained one 3'ear. Thej' 
then gathered up their belongings and emigrated to 
Knox Count}', Ky., and lived there until a short 
time previous to their death, when they removed to 
Harrison Count}', Ky. They passed away from the 
cares and trials of life in the latter county, leavinof 
the heritage of a good name to their children. 

Archie McLeod was born near Macon, Ga., on 
Aug. 20, 1828, being the fifth in order of birth in 
a family of six children, llis youth and early 

manhood were passed in Knox County, Ky.. in 
which place he remained till 1851, when he went 
with his parents to Harrison County, where he fol- 
lowed farming and also taught school; employing 
himself in the latter occupation principally during 
the winter months. He was engaged in the pro- 
fession of teaching for the space of about ten years, 
making Clay and Harrison counties the theatre of 
his operations. 

October 13, 1861. Mr. McLeod, then in the very 
prime of life, enlisted, at Lexington, Ky., in Com- 
pany B, 6th Kentucky Cavalry, and served with 
true Scotch- American valor till Dec. 23, 1864, 
when he was mustered out and honorably dis- 
charged. Upon first entering the service he was 
elected Orderly Sergeant, but was promoted for 
distinguished gallantry in action, to the First Lieu- 
tenancy of his company, in September, 1862, and 
retained this rank till the time of his discharge. 

In February, 1865, Lieut. McLeod departed from 
his home in Kentucky and located in Illinois. He 
bought a farm in Berlin, Sangamon County, and 
made it his residence for about four years. In 
September, 1869, he sold out his possessions and 
removed to Marshall County, Kan. He home- 
steaded land in Center Township, on Section 30, 
and immediately began improving it, with the 
intention of making it the permanent residence of 
himself and family. All the work necessary to 
make a comfortable home was pushed forward with 
vigor and spirit, and he owns at present 167 acres 
of well cultivated land. F'arming and stock-rais- 
ing occuijies his attention exclusively. He m.akes 
a specialty of Norman horses, and his intelligent 
zeal has been rewarded with a large measure of 

Mr. McLeod has been married three times, his 
first wife being Miss Frances Kinney, to whom he 
was united in Harrison County, Ky., Nov. 18, 
1857. Mrs. McLeod was a native of Harrison 
County, and six months after her marriage was 
called away from the pursuits of life to enjoy the 
beauties of a home above. About five years after 
the loss of his first wife our subject was again 
married, the Lady of his choice being Miss Garrard, 
a native of Harrison County. The wedding was 
celebrated in the same county, on May 26, 1868. 



She became the mother of eight children : Anna, 
William R., Barbara, Edward D., an infant who 
died shortly after birth, Thomas, Ilattie and Ev- 
erett. Mrs. Sarah McLeod died in Center Town- 
ship, Marshall County, Jan. 11, 1862, leaving a 
la]ge circle of friends and acquaintances besides 
her family to mourn her departure. 

September 11, 1884, Mr. McLeod was married 
to Miss Francos J. Means, a sister of J. W. Means, 
a sketch of whom appears elsewhere in this work. 
Mrs. McLeod was born in Piatt County, Mo., Nov. 
10, 1840. She is a well educated and very 
intelligent lady, full3' able to occupy a leading 
place in the community in which she resides. 

Mr. JIcLeod has held the office of Justice of the 
Peace for twelve years, in Center Township, which 
shows the high regard for probity and fairness in 
which he is held bj' his neighbors. He has also 
been Township Trustee for one year, and in every 
relation which it has been his lot to sustain toward 
his neighbors has given unqualifiedly good satis- 
faction. Politicalh', he is a Republican, and ma- 
terially assists his party in all legitimate campaign 
work. He is a fine, upright, energetic man, and 
enjoys the respect and esteem of the entire district. 
He has been an active and influential member of 
the Baptist Church for about thirty years, and has 
a character without a stain. 

" IV other countr3', perhaps, does a woman 
11 have a better chance to support herself 
and those depending upon her, when the 
decree of fate demands that she make the effort, 
than in so-called free America, but even here the 
attempt is fraught with a thousand difficulties and 
trials unknown to and not experienced by the 
sterner sex. In the matter of recognizing and pro- 
viding for the fact that a woman has the right to 
make and provide for a home for herself and those 
deijending upon her, owing to the taking away of 
the natural head of the house or for any other rea- 
son, the '-West" and Kansas especially is far in 
advance of the Eastern States. A woman is recog- 

nized as a citizen, and has more rights granted by 
law than the doubtful one of paying taxes without 

One of the noblest among the many noble women 
of Marshall County, is the one whose name is at the 
head of this sketch. Mrs. Robinson is a daughter 
of Henry Nealy, who was born in Canada of Irish 
ancestry. Her mother was Sarah H. Switzer, of 
German ancestry. After marriage the parents set- 
tled in Upper Canada, whore they lived continu- 
ously until called upon to go hence. Mr. Nealy 
was a farmer by occupation, but for thirty years 
was Sheriff of the count}-. This couple became the 
parents of four children, one son and three daugh- 
ters. Elizabeth was the eldest of the family. She 
was born in Newberg, township of Camden, Up- 
per Canada, Oct. 20, 1828. She remained with 
her parents till her marriage which took i)lace in 
her native town, June 1, 1857. 

John Robinson, the husband of our subject, was 
born in England about 1817. He was only three 
j-ears old when his parents removed to Canada. His 
father was Thomas Robinson, his mother Mary( Wil- 
lin) Robinson. Their death occurred in Canada,where 
they had spent the greater portion of their lives. 
John Robinson grew to manhood in the town- 
ship of Smith, near Peterborough. He followed 
the occupation of farming, and after marriage set- 
tled near Peterborough, in Canada. They resided 
there until the decease of Mr. Robinson, which oc- 
curred June 21, 1872. They were the parents of 
nine children, named respectively, Henry N., 
George W., Isabella, Albert R., Sarah J., Victoria 
E., Adelaide, Moreley P. and Frances E. 

In the spring of 1871 John Robinson visited 
Marshall County and purchased 362 acres of land 
in Center Township, on sections I'J and 20, in- 
tending to remove and locate on the |)lace he had 
bought, but death intervened, his departure taking 
place the following spring. Six 3'ears aftorw.ard 
Mrs. Robinson disposed of her property in Canada 
and emigrated to Kansas, locating on the land 
which her husband had previously secured in Mar- 
shall Count}'. She erected a handsome residence 
and other good buildings, which she keeps in first- 
class condition. She has also made other good im- 
provements on her estate and operates it herself 



with gratifying success. She has a fine farm which 

is a credit to her and an ornament to the neighbor- 

When a lovely maiden of nineteen, Mrs. Robin- 
son confessed her faith in her Redenier aud united 
with the Methodist Episcopal Church, in which 
commnnion also Mr. Robinson found a religions 
home. She takes a deep and abiding interest in 
whatever concerns the welfare and prosperitj' of 
the young, taking especial interest in educational 
and religious affairs. In her labor of love for the 
advancement of her friends and kindred in moral 
and mental subjects, she is carrj'ing forward with 
loving fidelity the work so uobly begun by her 
husband. It may be truly said of Mrs. Robinson 
that she is a " noble woman nobly planned." 


/^ HRISTIAN BLUHM. It has ."been very 
(ll n *''^i'y ^^^^ ^^^^ " ''^'1 ^' - architects of fate, 
^te^ working in these walls of time." Some build 
structures, fair in outward appearance, but with 
eager haste and careless hand uprenred, so that the 
seemingly perfect building soon totters on its mold- 
ering pillars, wavers and falls. Othersfail to gain 
even the outward symmetry and beauty .and discour- 
aged and disheartened, retire from the midst of 
the busj' workers, and in indolence, languidly and 
listlessly watch other architects. But bappilj' many 
there are in this world of action who erect eternal 
monuments, commemorative of their perseverance, 
honor and integrity, and leave these structures to 
be examined by others, and to be admired both for 
beautiful outward aspect and inward stability. 

As one of these latter ones, we present the name 
of Christian Bluhm, together with a brief record 
of the most important occurrences in his life, a 
long and active one, passed parti}- in the United 
States, and partly in the Fatherland. A native of 
Mecklenburg, Germany, Mr. Bluhm was born July 
11. 1827, and was reared as other boys in his land 
under the compulsory' education law. When he 
had reached the age of twent^v-one years he was 
united in marriage, in 1848, with Miss Sophia 
Monk, daughter of William Monk, and a native of 

Mecklenburg. Both the Bluhm and the Monk fam- 
ilies for many generations, and as far back as the 
family record extends, were natives and residents 
of Mecklenburg, and also members of the Luth- 
eran Church. On both sides the ancestars were, 
without exception, people of worth and abilitj', 
respected and admired for courage, thrift and in- 
dustry. A few years after their marriage, Mr. and 
Mrs. Blnhm, accompanied by their son, Joseph, left 
their old home, and their friends aud relatives, to 
seek a fortune in a newer country, and a richer 
soil. In 1852 they made the voyage across the 
ocean, taking passage from the port of Hamburg 
in a sail-ship, the "Aleza," which made the trip to 
New York in ninety days, so that the pas.=engers 
landed Dec. 1.5, 1852. Crossing the State of New 
York they reached Buffalo, without money, home- 
less and friendless. 

Manj' stout hearts have been disheartened un- 
der less appalling circumstances, but our subject 
went to work cutting wood at two shillings per 
cord, ai.d his family lived on the pittance thus 
earned until something better offered itself to them. 
Securing emploj-ment in the cement works at Ak- 
ron, N. Y.. the family removed to that city which 
was their home until 1870. Then, in accordance 
with the famous advice of one of our wisest and 
most brilliant statesmen, the}' came West, and for 
a time were located in Cook County, 111. Their 
eyes still turned further toward the setting sun, 
and Kansas became their home in the spring of 
1S73. The first year of their residence here they 
occupied rented land, but in 1874 Mr. Bluhm 
erected the buildings on his present farm, which he 
piu'chased in 1873. He is now owner of 360 acres 
of fine land, in excellent cultivation, with pastures 
and meadows, and inclosed by good fences. On 
this homestead he has put up a commodious frame 
residence, with a fine barn, and all the outbuildings 
now considered essential to a modern farm. Real- 
izing the importance of fruit to the development 
and financial value of his land, he has set out a 
fine orchard, and now has 100 bearing trees within 
its limits. 

The only child of Mr. Bluhm and his excellent 
wife is their son, Joseph, the chief manager of the 
farm. He was born in Mecklenburg, Germany, 



in November, 1849, but accompanied his parents 
to their new home across the Atlantic in 1852. 
Here he early learned to work, and became indis- 
pensable to the home while yet j'oung in years. 
He was mariied in 1876, to Miss Henrietta, daugh- 
ter of William and Mar}- Kinka. This lady was 
born in Mecklenburg, Germany, and came to Amer- 
ica in 1868, her parents having died in Germany 
prior to her emigration here. Her family are all 
members of, and in sympath}' with the Lutheran 
Church, to which she has devoted a great deal of 
!ier time, and has earnestly endeavored to promote 
the cause of the Gospel. Joseph Bluhm and his 
wife have become the parents of four children, viz.: 
George, Albert, Ernest and Augusta, all living 
and receiving good educations in the home schools, 
while at the same time they are becoming proficient 
in various kinds of manual labor. Mr. Bluhm and 
his son make a specialty of Poland-China hogs, 
raising between 100 and 1 20 head each year. Hav- 
ing arisen from an humble beginning to affluence, 
the}' can look back on a past of honorable endeavor 
and unremitting labor, with the pleasant conscious- 
ness that their present prosperity is due alone to 
their own efforts. They realize that thej' have 
been aided also by encouraging words, and kind 
actions on the part of their neighbors, who have 
ever accorded them the highest respect, as is due 
those who have promoted the interests of their 
communitv. Politically, our subject and his son 
are both Republicans. 

■ -^m- 

^ OHN ROLL. Among the many attractive 
homes of this county none would more 
quickly strike the eye of a stranger than 
that occupied by the subject of this sketch, 
and none would prove more attractive to those 
who cross the threshold. The house is comforta- 
ble and homelike in appearance, made still more 
attractive by its setting of shade and fruit trees, 
and is situated on section 10, Center Township. 

The father of our subject was Frederick Roll, a 
native of Switzerland. The mother, whose maiden 
name was Anna Rolle, was also a native of that fa- 

mous land, where the parents married and settled. 
They emigrated to America in 1854, settling in 
Tuscarawas County, Ohio, where they lived about 
ten years. They then removed to Benton County, 
Iowa, where they now reside. They had a family 
of seven children, five sons and two daughters, our 
subject being the sixth chiU in order of birtii. He 
was born in Tuscarawas County, Nov. 29, 1854, 
being about ten years of age when his parents re- 
moved to Iowa, where he grew to manhood. He 
made the best of his educational advantages and 
acquired a good education at the common schools. 
He continued to reside under the parental roof 
until he was nearly twenty-three years old, when 
he came to Brown County, this State. During the 
first year of his residence he worked by the month 
upon a farm. He then settled upon land which he 
had previously' bought in that county, and there 
he remained until 1882, when he sold his farm, and, 
coming with his family to this county, bought 320 
acres in the township where he has since been a 
resident. He subsequently sold 160 acres. 

Miss Maggie S. Pfister, to whom our subject was 
married, in Brown County, Kan., Jan. 1, 1879, is, 
like her husb.and, of Swiss descent. Her father 
Christian and her mother Mary (Witchie) Pfister, 
were natives of Switzerland but were living in 
America previous to their marriage. Their home 
was at Highland, 111., where Mr. Pfister died, Feb. 
18, 1882. They had four children, of whom Mrs. 
Roll was the second, she having been born at 
Highland, 111., March 3, 1858. Mr. and Mrs. Roll 
are the parents of six interesting children: Freder- 
ick C, Anna M., Mary M., Lizzie M., Eva I. and 
John W. 

Mr. Roll is now an adherent of the principles of 
the Union Labor part3% though formerly belon"-- 
ing in the ranks of the Democracy. He has been 
entrusted with the cares of the school funds, hold- 
ing his ofHce to the satisfaction of the community. 
His farm has not only been thoroughly improved, 
but upon it he has erected substantial and adequate 
buildings for the carrying on of agriculture, and 
in addition to this has set out a great number of 
fruit and shade trees. He now owns 1 60 acres, and 
he and his wife take great pleasure in their attract- 
ive home. Both are worthy members of the Ger- 



man Reformed Church. Not only is Mr. Roll a 
good farmer and a reliable citizen, but he and his 
wife are people of more than ordinary intelligence 
and worthy recipients of the respect which they 

JjOSEPH WILSON. Prominent among tbe 
1 wealthy stockmen and farmers of this county 
I is our subject, senior member of the firm of 
' Joseph Wilson & Son, who occupies a fine 
brick residence, surrounded by excellent farm 
buildings, on section IG, Marysville Township. 
The father of our subject, Joseph Butler Wilson, 
was a native of Hudson, N. H. His mother was a 
native of Massachusetts, her maiden name being 
Harriet Crossfield. The parents first settled in 
Maiden, Mass., where they lived until their death. 
They were blessed with but two children, our sub- 
ject and liis sister Harriet, who became the wife of 
Cliarles Heath, and died in Maiden, Mass., in 1887. 
Our subject was born July 29, 1820, passing his 
early life in his native place, Maiden, Mass. His 
father being a millwright he worked at that busi- 
ness until the age of twenty-seven. He then went 
to Lowell, Mass., where he was employed in a car- 
pet machine shop for the period of two years. He 
then took a position as foreman in a machine shop 
at Brady's Bend, Pa., the shop being known as the 
Brady's Bend Rail Works. Here he remained for 
eighteen months, when he returned to the New 
England States, and for six months was employed 
in Providence, R. I. While here he was married 
to Sarah Phillips, of Brady's Bend, Pa. Mr. Wil- 
son moved to South Boston, Mass., and there fol- 
lowed his trade of machinist for about six years. 
He then started a iiotel and familj' grocery store 
in the same place, which he carried on for about 
four years. Returning to Maiden on the death of 
liis father, he remained tliere eight years, building 
several houses and speculating in laud. During 
his early life Mr. Wilson was extremely fond of 
hunting and made several trips to the West on 
hunting expeditions. In 1872 he, with his son 
Charles, then nineteen j'ears of age, came to Ind- 

iana and engaged in hunting for an entire season. 
Previous to coming to Kansas in 1873, our subject 
sold his property in Maiden and Boston, and select- 
ing Marshall Count}' for his home he located on 
section 16, Marysville Township. Since coming to 
this State he has given his attention to farming 
and stock-raising, being one of the wealthiest men 
of the township, where he owns about 900 acres of 
land. In companj' with his son Charles, he makes 
a specialty of breeding finePercheron horses. They 
keep about 100 head of horses and about 250 head 
of cattle. 

Mr. and Mrs. Wilson have been the parents of 
three children — Harriet E., who is the wife of 
Colvin T. Mann, of Marysville; Charles B., the 
junior member of the firm of Joseph Wilson & 
Son, (for whose history see another page of this 
Album); and Clara Belle, who died in her first 
year in South Boston, Mass. Mr?. AVilson died in 
Maiden, Mass., about 1866. 

Although formerly an active member of the 
Republican party, Mr. Wilson now supports the 
principles of Democracy. He is not only the 
owner of the fine farm mentioned but also of val- 
uable propert}' in llie city of Marysville. That he 
is an enterprising man speaks for itself in tiie posi- 
tion he occupies among the stockmen of the sec- 
tion. He is a very affable and pleasant gentleman, 
one with whom it is a pleasure to meet, an honor- 
able man in all his dealings in societ}', and enjoying 
the hearty esteem of all who know him. 

^ ^^ V- 

■vfOHN T. BURKE. The future of our 
I country depends upon the j'oung men of 
j to-day, and as they are trained and reared, 
^^ / so will the nation grow in enterprise, wealth, 
and honor, or the I'everse. It is then with pleasure 
that we can observe the worth and scrupulous 
honesty of these young men who are to be the 
presidents, governors, congressmen, and magis- 
trates of our nation. They are to be law makers 
and law observers, otherwise perils will attend the 
years to come. 

He with whose name we introduce this sketch is 



one of tliose residents of Marshall County, who 
will in time be in authority over others; for pos- 
sessing those qualities which bring a man to the 
front, and that enterprise which will make him 
prominent among his fellow men, he will assist in 
developing the vast resources of JNlarshall County, 
so that she will continue to be as she has been in 
the past, one of the grandest and most fruitful of 
all those in the State. 

Mr. Burke is a resident of section 6, in Cleveland 
Township, where with his mother he has a fine, 
commodious stone house, with a large barn and 
everything essential to the conducting of a farm 
on the modern scale. Politically, onr subject is a 
strong Democrat, but refuses official honors. He 
lias however served as Township Clerk four years, 
two being in this township, and two while it was a 
part of Vermillion Township. 

Born May 28, 1861, to Edward Burke, a native 
of County Roscommon, Ireland, our subject is thus 
still in his early manhood, and has before him the 
prospect of a bright, happy and useful future. It 
may be well to preface the sketch of our subject 
by first stating a few important facts in the histury 
of his father. Edward Burke was born in 1826, 
and the first years of his life were passed in the 
Emerald Isle, whence he emigrated to the United 
States in 1851. For a few years after his arrival 
on these shores, he resided in Providence, R. I., 
then located in Wheeling, W. Va., and worked 
on the great White Sulphur Railroad Tunnel near 
Wheeling. In 1858 he removed to this county, 
settling on section 6, in Cleveland Township, where 
his family now live. Here he bought 160 acres 
of Government land at $1.25 per acre, and upon 
it built a homestead where he lived and died. It 
was a wild country during the first years of his 
residence here, being inhabited by Indians and 
wild animals, deer, turkey and wolves being 

The wife of Edward Burke, and the mother of 
John T., is deserving of more than passing notice, 
as she was a faithful companion to her husband 
during his lifetime, a sympathizing friend to all 
around her in times of trouble, a sharer in every 
joy, and a devoted mother, anxious only for the 
happiness and welfare of her children. Her maiden 

name was Margaret Dolan, and she was united in 
marriage with Edward Burke, April 8, 1860. Her 
father was Martin Dolan, who died at his home in 
Ireland about 1869. She came to the United 
States when a girl, and to her present home April 
15, 1860. The first years of the married life of 
Edward Burke and his wife were passed in hard 
work, untiring labor. Their home was a round 
log cabin with one room, 20 x 16 feet. The first 
school ever taught in the district in which our 
subject resides, was under the supervision and per- 
sonal instruction of Mrs. Edward Burke, and was 
conducted in the summer of 1862. At the time of 
his death the father had by his enterprise and 
business ability become the owner of 640 acres of 
land. They had only one child, John T. Burke, 
the subject of this notice. Edward Burke passed 
to his final rest April 26, 1889, having attained 
the age of sixty-three years. He was a man uni- 
versally respected, sincere, honorable, living a life 
above reproach, and charitable with the failings of 
others as well as benevolent and philanthropic. He 
was a member of the Catholic Church. The first 
mass ever said in this locality by a resident Catho- 
lic priest was iu the house of Mr. Burke, by 
Father Fitzgerald. 

Mrs. Burke in early times cooked in the old 
Dutch ovens, and has three of them in her posses- 
sion, prizing them as souvenirs of happy daj-s for- 
ever gone. Were they gold-lined they could not 
be more precious in her sight, and she will hand 
them down to the next generation as heirlooms, 
and relics of the pioneer days of Kansas. She also 
has among other treasures the picture of •' The 
Last Supper," which was a gift to her and hung on 
the wall of the old log cabin for ten _years. In 
those times the Indians would often prowl around 
in their vicinity, sometimes even visit them, when 
she would make them presents of such little trink- 
ets as would delight their fancy and please their 
eyes. Often too she would give them meat or 
other articles of provision; indeed she feared to 
refuse them anything the3' asked for, thinking that 
were she to do so, thej- might take her only child. 
Mrs. Burke is at present a hale, hearty, cheerful, 
and loveable lady of fifty-six years. 

Amid such scenes the youth of our subject was 



passed, his education being received in St. Mary's 
College, in Pottawatomie County. Kan., after 
which he engaged in teaching school two terms in 
the home district. Then the management of the 
farm fell to him and he had to abandon teaching. 
When John Burke was a lad the people used to 
freight goods to Denver, and he would hitch his 
dog to the wagon and haul corn from the old log 
cabin to the house. This dog was a cross between 
Newfoundland and shepherd, and seemed to pos- 
sess almost human intelligence, attending John to 
and from school and working in harness like a 
horse. When John was in his third year he was 
one day playing in the garden, and knowing that 
the tea canister was almost empty, and seeing his 
mother making a flower bed in the garden, he took 
the last tea leaf that remained and planted it in 
his flower bed, observing to her that she would 
soon have plenty of green tea. 

In their pleasant residence our subject and his 
mother live happily and cosily, and there they 
welcome their many friends with gracious hospi- 
tality, extending to all the welcome which is so 
pleasant to receive and which they so well know 
how to offer. 

<^^ LEXANDER McMILLAN occupies a farm 
mpi on section 22, Logan Township. The land 

jlflM. is nearly all fenced, and the entire 160 
(^ acres under cultivation or in pasture. 

Though not so large as some farms in the town- 
ship, tlie place is one of the most attractive, the 
fields evincing careful tillage, while an excellent 
house and adequate farm buildings, together with 
a fine orchard of 200 trees, give evidence that its 
owner is a progressive and painstaking agricultur- 
ist. In addition to the usual products of a Kansas 
farm, this one produces choice varieties of apples, 
peaches, plums and cherries, together with various 
small fruits. 

The blood of patriots throbs warmly in the veins 
of our subject, whose ancestors fought on many a 
holly contested field for the inalienable rights of 
"life, liberty, and the pursuit of liappiness." Before 

entering upon his own history, a few words regarding 
his family will not be amiss. Glancing backward 
four generations we find John McMillan, who was 
either of Scotch birth, or of direct Scottish ancestr}'. 
He served in the; Revolutionary War, having at that 
time a son, Arthur, who was old enough to carr}' 
dispatches and make bullets for the soldiers. This 
Arthur McMillan was born in Washington County, 
N. Y.. and there married to Martha Duncan, also 
of Scotch ancestry. He spent the most of his life 
in his native State, both he and his wife dying, 
liowever, in Illinois, when considerably past three- 
score years and ten. Ho had been a soldier in the 
War of 1812, as was his son James, the father of 
our subject. James E. McMillan was a native of 
Washington County, N. Y. He married Elizabeth 
Haswell, a native of Vermont. They resided in 
New York State for a number of 3ears, and in 
that State their family of eight children, with the 
exception of the youngest, were born. From the em- 
pire State they removed to Illinois, thence to Min- 
nesota, and thence to Howard County, Iowa, where 
the}' died, aged eight3--four and eighty-five years 
respectively. Of the mother's ancestry little is 
known, as her parents died when she was but six- 
teen years of age, and she left Vermont soon after. 
Her father had published the first newspaper in 
Bennington County, Vt., the sheet being called 
The Farmer^ which name was afterward changed to 
that of Vermont Gazette. After his death his son 
and son-in-law continued the publication for several 


Alexander McMillan, the subject of our sketch, 
was the eldest of his father's children, and was born 
in Franklin County, N. Y., Sept. 28, 1821. He 
was reared in the Empire .State until near the age 
of eighteen, when his parents removed to Kane 
County, 111. In that county our subject was mar- 
ried to Charlotte, daughter of Jonathan and Sallie 
llinsdell, a native of Tompkins County, N. Y.. 
who had come to Illinois with her parents about 
the year 1837. The result of this union was three 
children: Soprouia E., now Mrs. M. C. Calhoun, 
whose home is in Dakota ; Lavina J., who married 
William McKean, and died in Kingman County, 
Kan., leaving seven children; and Sophia C, now 
Mrs. W. E. Clark, who lives in DeKalb County, 



111. Mrs. McMillan died April 10, 1863, aged about 
forty 3'ears, and our subject later married Anna 
Van Vol ken burg, a native of Fulton County N. Y. 
She has borne him three children: Burton A., who 
died at the age of sixteen; Grace E., who died in 
infancy; and Cora B. 

On Sep. 12, 1861, our subject enlisted as a pri- 
vate in Company I, 8th Illinois Cavalry, and 
served gallantly until Feb. 28, 1863, when he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge on the surgeon's cer- 
tlBcate of failing ej'esight. During his period of 
service he had taken part in the battles of Will- 
iamsburg, Mechanicsville, South Mountain (Md.), 
Antietam, Fredericksburg, and others. In April, 
1877, he removed to this county, and located upon 
the farm which he now occupies. 

Jonathan Hlnsdell, father of our subject's first 
wife, spent several years in the lumber business at 
Mecklenburg, N. Y., and thence removed to Illi- 
nois, in which State he spent his last da\'s as a re- 
tired farmer in Elgin. The father of Mr. McMillan's 
present wife was a soldier in the War of 1812. 
Both he and her mother died when she was about 
ten years old, in Xew York State. 

Mr. and Mrs. McMillan are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, having high standing 
in that societj'. Mr. McMillan is an enterprising 
farmer, a reliable citizen, and justly respected for 
his manv fine traits of character. 


; OSEPH SMERCHECK. The interests of a 
cosmopolitan population have blended finely 
together in the settlement of Northern Kan- 
(^^ sas, there having emigrated to it people 
from nearly all countries, seeking the one common 
purpose, usually of financial advancement. Many 
of them are well educated people, and have exer- 
cised no small influence upon the moral and social 
welfare of their count}'. The subject of liiis notice 
is one of the most intelligent men of his neighbor- 
hood — well-educated and well-read, one who has 
given more than ordinary thought to the "problem 
of life," and is progressive in his ideas. Mr. 
Smercheck has chosen farming for his calling, in 

which he has been uniformly successful, making a 
specialty of fine stock, including graded horses, and 
has about forty head of Hereford cattle and 1.50 
head of swine. He is also an apairist of consider- 
able note, having thirty colonies of bees which he 
cultivates as much for pleasure as the profit. 
Around the homestead are fruits of all kinds, fur- 
nishing the family with the luxuries of the season. 
The dwelling is built of stone, surrounded with 
ornamental and shade trees, while the barn and 
other outbuildings aj-e neat and substantial, and 
fully adapted to the shelter of stock and the sto- 
rage of grain. The fann is 160 acres in extent, 
and included in the estate is another quarter-sec- 
tion a half mile south, occupied by one of the 

The subject of this notice was born in the Aus- 
trian province of Moravia, Feb. 2, 1839. His 
father, Joseph Smercheck, Sr., was also a Moravian 
and born in 1808. He was married in early man- 
hood to Miss Theresa Ondrachek, who was a native 
of the same province as her husband and son, and 
born in 1818. They owned a large amount of land 
in the old country and were the parents of six chil- 
dren, three of whom are living. 

Our subject remained a resident of his native 
province until 1858, and then, in compan}' with 
his parents and the three children living, set out 
for America on the ocean steamer "Austria." 
When out about thirteen days and in mid ocean 
the vessel caught fire and was burned to a complete 
wreck, only the iron work remaining. She had 
started with 700 souls on board, and of this large 
number only seventy-two were saved, forty-one of 
these being picked up by a French bark. The par- 
ents and three sisters of our subject perished, hav- 
ing cast themselves overboard, preferring to meet 
death by water rather than fire. Nine of the pas- 
sengers got away in a boat belonging to the 
steamer. Twenty-two others, including our sub- 
ject, were rescued by a Norwegian vessel, the 
"Catherina," after many hours spent on the burn- 
ing ship. Our subject was ten hours in the water, 
clinging to spars, ropes, and whatever he could 
hold to. They were taken to Quebec, Canada. All 
this time our subject had about his person the sum 
of i|800 in money, which his father had given him 



to take care of before starting. The dreadful ex- 
perience can never pass from his recollection. His 
bodily suffering was great, but bore no comparison j 
the affliction he suffered in the loss of those who 
were most dear to him on earth. 

From the city of Quebec our subject repaired to 
Racine, Wis, where he found relatives, and there- 
after for a time attended school and worked for his 
board on a farm. In the spring of 1860 he pur- 
chased forty-five acres of land, upon which he 
worked two years alone. He lived in Wisconsin 
until 1865, then selling out, removed to Linn 
County, Iowa, and purchased 100 acres, where he 
sojourned until the spring of 1870, which wit- 
nessed his advent to this county. He had in the 
meantime been married, Nov. 21, 1861, to Miss 
Ellen Smercheck, his cousin, and the daughter of 
Frank Smercheck, who is now a resident of Blue 
Rapids Township. Mrs. Smercheck was born June 
10, 1844, in Moravia, and came with her parents 
to America in 1856, they settling in the vicinitj' 
of Racine, Wis. They are now residents of this 

To our subject and his estimable wife there have 
been born two sons, the eldest of whom, Albin, 
married Miss Emma Dvorachek, and operates the 
other farm above described; they have one child, 
Ella, now (1889) four years of age. The younger 
son, William, is unmarried and remains with his 
parents. Mr. Smercheck has made his mark in the 
communic}', being a man of more than ordinarj^ 
intelligence and thoroughly posted upon leading 
events. He has served as School Director in his 
district, was at one time Clerk of the Board, and 
in the fall of 1888 was elected Township Clerk of 
Blue Rapids. Upon becoming a voting citizen he 
identified himself with the Republican party, and 
is fully in sympathy with the Union Labor move- 
ment. In local politics he exercises a sensible in- 

Frank Smercheck, a brother of Mrs. Smercheck, 
enlisted during the Civil War in the 26th Wiscon- 
sin Infantry, and was severely wounded in the 
lower limbs at the battle of Resaca, Ga.; he died in 
1871. Three cousins of our subject also served in 
the Union army as members of the 26th Wisconsin 
Infantry. One, Joseph Sbytousky, was wounded 

at the battle of Gettysburg and died in the hospital. 
Another, Joseph Smercheck, served his full term 
of three 3'ears, and although participating in all the 
battles in which his regiment engaged, was never 
wounded. The third, Vincent Smercheck, died in 
a liospital near the city of Washington from the 
effects of disease contracted in the army. Mr. 
Smercheck has accumulated a good property, and 
is a man generally respected in his community. 

lr-S^)ICHARD B. MOORE, an honored citizen 
11^ mid valued civic official of Marshall Countj', 
which he represents as County Comrais- 
;yjsioner, is a resident of Oketo, where he 
holds the position of Postmaster. He is a fine tj-pe 
of the noble heroes that composed the Union army 
in the late Civil AVar, through whose valor our 
grand Republic was saved from disunion and dis- 
honor. He fought in many battles, and won a fine 
military record, and by his gallant conduct gained 
merited promotion from the ranks to be an officer 
of his company. It gives us great pleasure to be 
able to present a sketch of the life of tiiis veteran 
to his many friends through the pages of this 

He is a native of Chester County, Pa., and was 
born July 4, 1839, on the anniversary of the Na- 
tional holiday of our country, whose dearest in- 
stitutions he was called on to aid in defending in 
less than a quarter of a century thereafter. He 
was of Quaker ancestry, and still clings to the faith 
of his fathers. His parents, Ziba and Mary (Bell) 
Moore, were natives of Maryland. After marriage 
they took up their abode in Chester Countj^, Pa., 
and there dwelt in peace and comfort until death 
called them hence. They were engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. In their pleasant household seven 
children, three sons and four daughters, completed 
the family circle. 

Our subject was the fifth child born to them, and 
he was reared to the life of a farmer on the old 
homestead in Chester County, and remained under 
the parental roof until he was nineteen years of 
age. Then a self-reliant, self-helpful, ambitious 



youth, eager to see something of the world beyond 
the bounds of his native county, he set out to travel 
in the West, visited Ohio and Indiana, and even 
pressed on until the Rocky Mountains reared their 
imposing heights across the plains before him. At 
the end of two 3'ears he retraced his steps to his old 
Pennsylvania home, and there the breaking out of 
the Rebellion found him quietly pursuing the vo- 
cation to which he had been reared. He eagerly 
watched the course of events in the South, and not- 
withstanding he was a Quaker by birth and breed- 
ing, and the peaceful doctrines of that faith had 
been earl}' instilled into his mind, he cast aside all 
such considerations, animated b}' a holy love of 
country, the date of his birth perhaps being an in- 
spiration to patriotism, and resolving to cast in his 
lot with the brave fellows who had already rushed 
to the defense of the stars and stripes, he enlisted 
Sept. 1, 1861, in Companj' C, 97th Pennsylvania 
Infantr}-, and did faithful service at the front for 
three long and wear}' years. For his good soldierlj' 
qualities and his bravery in action, he was pro- 
moted to be corporal of his company, and later was 
commissioned sergeant. He took an active part with 
his regiment in the following battles: Fernandina, 
Fla.; Ft. Clinch; Jacksonville, Fla. ; Ft. Wagner, 
Ft. Gregg, and Ft. Sumter; accompanied the But- 
ler expedition up the James River, Va. ; faced the 
enemy at Drury's Bluff ; fought with them at Green 
Plains, Va., and was a participator in other import- 
ant engagements with the Confederates. He did 
not escape unscathed from the heat of battle, but 
was wounded at one time in the right shoulder by a 
gunshot, and again in the left hip, and once more 
in the right thigh. He was thus unfitted for active 
service for nearly four months. He was honorably 
discharged at the expiration of his term of enlist- 
ment, and was mustered out at Philadelphia, Pa. 
After his bitter experience of life on Southern 
battlefields, our subject returned to his home in 
Chester County. Pa., and continued to reside there 
until 1874. being engaged for the most of the time as 
agent for the Baltimore Ontral Railroad, at Avon- 
dale, and the Wilmington, Western & Pennsylvania 
. Railway at Landenburgh. From 1874 to 1876 ho re- 
sided in Philadelphia, and during the Centennial he 
was emplo3'ed as money changer for the Centennial 

National Bank, at the entrance to the gates. In 
January, 1877, he came as far westward as Elmore, 
Ottawa Co., Ohio, and in the following spring made 
his appearance in Hodgeman Count}', this State, 
where he took up 1 60 acres of land under the pro- 
visions of the Homestead Act. He remained there 
until the fall of 1 880, and then removed to Em- 
poria, where he lived but a few months, when he 
again changed his place of residence, and coming 
to Oketo in the spring of 1881, has ever since made 
his home in this county. In the spring of 1882 he 
purchased a farm in Balderson Township, which is 
still in his possession, and which is under excellent 
cultivation, and is fairly well improved. He gave 
his attention to agriculture, continuing to live on 
his Balderson farm until the spring of 1889, when he 
removed into the village of Oketo, he having been 
appointed to the position of Postmaster by Post- 
master General Wannamaker to succeed B. B. 
Tatman, receiving his appointment in April, 1889, 
and taking charge of his office in the following May. 
In the fall of 1887, he was elected County Commis- 
sioner for this county, and is still serving in that 

May 15, 1869 Mr. Moore's marriage with Miss 
Celina S. Moore, was celebrated near I{;imo, Ottawa 
Co., Ohio. Mrs. Moore is a daughter of the late 
Cyrus and Esther (Knight) Moore, and she was 
born in Ottawa County, Ohio, Aug. 4, 1844. She 
is a woman of pleasant, amiable disposition, and 
infinite tact, and knows well how to make home 
cozy and attractive to husband and children, and 
their numerous friends. Two sons have been l3orn 
to her and our subject, David I., and Clinton J. 

Mr. Moore is a man of progressive views and 
liberal spirit, with a frank, kindly nature that has 
gained him a warm place in the hearts of a large 
circle of friends, and he is an influence for good in 
the community. He is scrupulously honest and 
just in his dealings, and is regarded as the soul of 
honor, and his fellow-citizens seeing in him one 
who is in every way admirably fitted for public 
life, have often called him to responsible positions, 
and besides the office of County Commissioner, 
which we have before mentioned, he has held a 
variety of township offices, and has particularly in- 
terested himself in educational matters. His pub- 



lie career has been without blemish, as he has 
always conducted himself so as to promote the 
highest interests of the town or county, and 
remembering his course as a soldier, we may 
add, and of his country. He is a valued member 
of Oketo Post No. 477, G. A. R. ; and also of Lodge 
No. 91, A. F. & A. M. of Marysville, and of Chapter 
No. 222, Westchester, Pa. Politically, he is a stanch 
Republican; religiously, he belongs to the Friends, 
and is a true disciple of that faith. 

eHARLES G. SCRAFFORD is the pioneer 
banker of Summerfield, where he has erected 
a tine Ijank building, 24 x 40 feet, wliich is 
fitted up with a large flre-proof vault and burglar- 
proof safe. The business was opened up the 9th 
of May, 188'9, with the following officers: J. A. 
Gilchrist, President; S. L. Davis, Vice-president; 
C. G. .Scrafford, Cashier, and Ed. R. Felt, Assistant 
Cashier. The Board of Directors consists of Frank 
Thoman, D. E. Swartout, C. G. Scrafford, A. J. 
Felt, R. M. Emory, Walter Spurling, J. E. Taylor, 
.J. E. Gilchrist, and S. L. Davis. They do a gen- 
eral banking business and make a specialty of loan- 
ing money, of which they have always plenty on 

Before entering upon the sketch of our subject, 
a few lines regarding his ancestors will not be 
amiss. The first of whom we have knowledge, is 
Charles Scrafford, who early in the last century 
ran away from his home in Germany and came to 
America, having bound himself out to pay his 
fare. Next in order is his son George, a Revolu- 
tionary soldier under W.ishington, and later a par- 
ticipant in the war of 1812. Next came Charles, 
and following him George, who is the father of 
our subject. To George Scrafford were born 
twelve children, our subject being the eldest. 
Three of the boys served in the Union army during 
the late Civil War, and their father also offered his 
services to the Nation. 

C. G. Scrafford, of whom we write, came to 
Kansas in the year 1856. At Osawatamie, fifty 
miles soutiiwest of Kansas City, he secured a quar- 

ter section of land and built a large log cabin. He 
then brought his family, consisting of his wife and 
one child, as far as Kansas City, where the boat 
was boarded bj' border ruffians, who would not 
allow them to land, saying that there were too 
many Ohioans in the State already. Mr. Scrafford 
found an opportunity', however, to land his family, 
in the upper corner of the State among men of his 
own views who would act the part of friends. 
Since coming to the State he has spent three years 
in Doniphan Count}' and thirty years in Nemaha 
County. His family resides at Seneca in the latter 
county, and all his business interests, except the 
State Bank of Summerfield, are there. 

Our subject was married to Justianna Lappin, 
daughter of Finlej' Lappin, the pioneer of Nemalia 
County. Mr. Lappin was the first white man to 
settle on the town site of Seneca, which place he 
named and where he is now living at the ripe old 
age of eighty-seven. Mr. and Mrs. Scrafford have 
reared three children, having lost their second son 
b}- death. They are named respectively Josephine, 
Frank, Fred, and Grace. 

Mr. Scrafford received but a limited education in 
his youth, but in later years obtained a practical 
one, becoming very well informed. In his boj'- 
hood he was a chum of General McPherson, who 
made so gallaut a record during the late war. He 
is a stanch Republican, in the principles of which 
party he was bred. Religiously he is a Universal- 
ist. He is a man of upright character, fine busi- 
ness ability and one whose interest in Summerfield 
will be to the advantage of that young city. Our 
subject has been County Treasurer of Nemaha 
County, .and has been Maj'or of Seneca several 

\il AMES M. DAVIS. One of the first stock- 
raisers and most prominent farmers of St. 
Bridget Township, is the above-named gen- 
gentleman who resides on section 28, where 
he owns 320 acres, 200 of which are thorough!}' 
cultivated. In addition to general farming Mr. 
Davis makes sorghum sugar, for which he raises 
from six to eight acres of cane. He has from 



fifty to sixty head of cattle, seven to ten horses, 
and about thirty-five head of hogs each year. He 
occupies a well built and comfortable house and 
has erected adequate farm buildings. He is a na- 
tive of North Carolina, having been born in Hay- 
wood County, that State, in 1850, and is the son 
of Henrj' and Elizabeth (Curtis) Davis. His 
father was a planter, and our subject was reared 
upon the farm. He received a common school 
education and when a small boy went three miles 
to school. At about the age of twenty- one, he 
left his home intending to go to New York, in- 
stead of which he journeyed to Illinois. He 
stopped in Champaign County and engaged in 
farming, making his home there about nine years. 
In 1876 he was attacked b}' the Western fever and 
departed for the Black Hills, Dak., where he en- 
gaged in mining. Those were troublesome times 
in that section, where the sallies of the Indians 
made life outside the forts and settlements, very 
precarious. Gen. Custer and his gallant followers, 
were engaged in daring service against the preda- 
tory red men, whom they drove westward, but at 
tlie expense of the bloody massacre upon the Little 
Big Horn. Oui' subject spent a few montbs in 
the Hills without striking pa^' dirt in any quantity, 
and not being content with a "• grub stake," he 
started eastward. He arrived in Brown County, 
Kan., in July, 1876 without a dollar in his pocket. 
He went energetically to work farming and em- 
ployed with a tlireshing machine, in which business 
he has been ver}' successful. In a short time he 
was enabled to purchase a third interest, and two 
j'ears later was sole owner of a fine new steam 

In that county our subject became acquainted 
with Miss Linda F. Webster, a school teacher from 
Meigs County, Oliio. She was a very energetic 
and intelligent lady, and be justly thought her 
sympathy and presence would round out and com- 
plete his life. He won the lady's consent to be- 
come his bride, and after their engagement she 
returned to her home in Ohio. Eighteen months 
later at the home of her father, Abraham Webster, 
the marriage was solemnized, taking place on the 
29th day of Nov. 1879. The young couple re- 
mained in Brown County, for three years after 

their marriage, and then bought a farm in Nehama 
County. They improved the place and occupied 
it for three years, when it was sold and the present 
home purchased. 

Mr. and Mrs. Davis have been blessed with four 
children: Frank Lee, Pearl Elton, Eva Mabel, and 

Mr. Davis is liberal in his political views, though 
he generally votes the Democratic ticket. He is 
an enterprising and progressive business man, .an 
intelligent and reliable citizen, and a man of up- 
right character, who commands the respect of the 

R. WILLARD O. PACKARD. The famil- 
|i| iar form of this gentleman is well known to 
the peoi)le living around Mina Station and 
vicinity, among whom he has discharged 
the duties of his profession in that manner which 
has gained him their esteem and confidence. A 
native of Bridgewater, Mass., he was born March 
14, 1820, and is the son of Willard and Hannah 
(Smith) Packard. The parents, leaving Nevv Eng- 
land when Willard O. was but a child, emigrated 
to Cattaraugus County, N.Y., and settling on a tract 
of new land sojourned there until our subject 
a m9,n of twenty-five years. They then pushed on 
further westward to Illinois, settling near Syra- 
cuse, in DeKalb County, where they lived until re- 
moving to Iowa .and taking up their abode with 
their son, Albert P. There they spent thfeir last 
years, dying at an advanced age. 

The subject of this sketch was given a practical 
education in the common school, and not long after 
completing his studies, having chosen medicine for 
his profession, he entered the office of Dr. Wm. N. 
Langmade, of Cattaraugus County, N.Y., and in 
due time commenced practice in Illinois. He re- 
mained there until after the outbreak of the late 
Civil War, and then on the 1st of January, 1862, 
proffered his services to his country by enlisting in 
Company A, 58th Illinois Infantry, under command 
of Capt. R. W. Ilealy and Col. W. F. Lynch. The 
company joined tlie regiment at P.aducah, Ky., 


l>OtlTiiAtT ANt) BtOGilAtntCAL ALbtJM. 

and our subject took part in the battles of ¥t. 
Donclson, Ft. Henry and Shiloh. At tbe latter 
place his brother was killed by his side on the first 
day of the fight and AYillard O. narrowly escaped, 
several balls having passed through his clothing 
and one through the front of his cap, and twice 
the cartridges were knocked out of his cartridge- 
box. Later he was one of those detailed to re- 
move forage from a boat which was the first to 
arrive after the fight. Mr. Packard, in carrying 
large sacks of corn up the hill from the boat, 
missed his footing and was doubled back and down 
so that it caused partial paralysis, from the effects 
of which he still suffers. The sight of his right 
eye is also affected. On account of these injuries 
he receives a pension of $12 per month. He re- 
ceived his discharge for disability at the Marine 
Hospital, located at that time in Chicago, Oct. 28, 

Upon leaving the armj' Mr. Packard returned to 
Courtland, in the vicinitj' of his old home, where 
he remained until his recovery, which was effected 
b}' his own treatment, including a galvanic bat- 
tery. He suffered much with his left limb, wbicli 
became withered to the extent that it could be 
spanned by the fingers. His ordinary weight prior 
to entering the army was 230 pounds, but the re 
suit of his injuries was to reduce this to less than 
110 pounds. He finallj' brought his limb to its 
natural size. 

The marriage of our subject with Miss Nanc}- E. 
Crofi" was celebrated Feb. 22. 1852, in Belvidere, 
111. This lady was the daughter of Ezra and 
Marie 'Croff, of Belvidere, the former of whom 
died in Courtland, 111., about 1875. Our subject 
in 1877 removed to Montgomerj^ Country, Iowa, 
where he lived on a farm and practiced medicine 
when able four years. Then selling out he came 
to this county and settled upon the eighty acres 
which constitutes his present homestead. This is 
pleasantly situated near the little station of Mina. 
The Doctor makes a specialty of chronic ailments, 
in which he has been remarkablj' successful, and 
frequently in the course of his practice drives out 
in the countrj' to the distance of twenty miles. 

To tiie Doctor and his wife there have been born 
six children, four sons and two daughters. Wil- 

lard E. is married and the father of three daugh- 
ters and one son. He lives on a farm of his own 
two miles north and one mile west of Mina. 
Jacob is married and the father of two children; 
he lives on his own farm a quarter of a mile west 
of his father. John W. is married and has three 
children; he likewise operates his own farm a 
quarter of a mile east of his father. Lucy Adell 
is the wife of Wilbur Nash, who is engaged in the 
lumber business in Toledo, Washington ; they are 
the parents of four children, two sons and two 
daughters. Sidney O. married Miss Emma J. 
Ford, daughter of John H. Ford of this county, 
and they have two children, a son and daughter. 
Pauline Diana is the wife of C. C. Spiker; they 
have two daughters and a son and live on a farm 
near the Doctor. Our subject is thus pleasantly 
situated, having the most of his children around 
him. In politics he votes the straight Republican 
ticket and socially belongs to Cortland Lodge, 
No. 229, I. O. O. F., with which he has been identi- 
fied for a period of twent^'-eight 3'ears. He is also 
a member of Axtell Post, No. 253, G. A. R., and 
with his wife belongs to the Baptist Church of 
Marysville. His motto has been to do unto his 
neighbors as he would be done by ; and he has 
never figured as defendant in a magistrate's court 
or lieen involved in any trouble with his neighbors. 
He lias a comfortable property, sufficient to insure 
him against want in his declining years. 


-A— L 


(^^HOMAS W. WADICK is an enterprising 
f/r^^ farmer and stock-raiser, who owns a fine 
^^Jf'' farm on section 4, township 5, range 10, 
Cleveland Township. He was born within twelve 
miles of Brockwell, Lower Canada, Dec. 26, 1842. 
His father was William Wadick, of Flora, Upper 
Canada, where he emigrated in 1851, His mother, 
whose maiden name was Mary Middleton, was of 
Scotch descent. Her father and motlier were both 
born in County Wexford, Ireland, whence tliej^ 
emigrated to Canada in 1839. 

Our subject was the eldest of eight children. Ann 





is unmarried; Ellen E. and Mary, who are i^ the 
convents at Monroe and Mt. Clemens, Mich. Ar- 
thur, who is married and has four children, lives 
near the old homestead in Canada; William J., who 
is also married, and lives near the old home; Mar- 
garet is the wife of an oflficer in the prison at To- 
ronto, and has four children; and James, who is a 
machinist in Toronto, Canada. Our subject came 
to Palo Alto County, Iowa, in July, 1866, to Kan- 
sas in April, 1872, and traveled throughout the 
western part of the State, when he came back to 
this place and worked nearly a year at his trade of 
a stone cutter, particularlj- on tlie public school 
building at Waterville. On the 10th of Novem- 
ber, 1872, he bought 160 acres, where he has since 
lived. He now owns a fine farm of 440 acres, well 
stocked with graded Herefords, Poland-Chinas and 

Thomas Wadick was married Oct. 10, 1872, to 
Miss Catherine Corteen, whose parents were na- 
tives of the Isle of Man. Born and educated there, 
she lived with her parents until she emigrated to 
the United States in 18T2. By this marriage Mr. 
Wadick has six children — William A., Thomas A., 
James F., Joseph E., Robert F. and Henry C. 

Mr. Wadick began life upon but little capital; 
he is a good, upright citizen, and of exceptional 
intelligence. He is fond of his books, and possesses 
an extensive law library. He and his famil)- are 
firm Catholics, though his wife's parents are Wes- 
leyan Methodists. He is a Republican in politics. 

^. : sg^^ii^: : .^ 

ll^^ EV. JOSEPH WILSON, whose portrait on 
)^^' another page, lends added value to this 
<-^\ volume, is a minister of the Universalist 
^^P Church, and Pastor of Grace Chapel, Frank- 
fort, and is recognized as one well-fitted for the dis- 
charge of his responsible duties. He was born 
Sept. 22, 1831, in Westmoreland County, Pa., near 
what is now known as West Newton, and is the son 
of John and Elizabeth (Porter) Wilson, who were 
likewise natives of the Keystone State. Both of 
his grandfathers were natives of Ireland. 

The father of our subject was a farmer by oc- 

cupation, and when the latter was a child the parents 
removed to Tuscarawas County, Ohio, settling near 
New Philadelphia, and later located in the vicin- 
ity of Princeton, Bureau Co., 111. There the father 
died in 1870, the mother having passed to rest 
when her son Joseph was four years of age. The 
father was a second time married to Mrs. Lily 
(Gorsuch) Karenhapock. Of the first marriage 
there was born five children, namely: Year P.. 
James R., Samuel, Joseph, our subject, and Mary 
M. Year P. is a resident of Denver, Col., and 
President of the company known as V. P. Wilson 
<fe Sons, publishers ; he married Miss Maria Dotts, of 
Tuscarawas County, Ohio, and they are the parents 
of twelve children. Samuel died near Abilene, 
Kan., in March, 1886. Mary M. died in Illinois at 
the age of twenty 3-ears. 

When twenty-three years of age our subject was 
united in marriage with Miss Jane Shaw, near New 
Philadelphia, Ohio. Soon afterward they located 
in the vicinity of Princeton, 111., where they re- 
sided for seventeen years, and in the meantime our 
subject purchased 173 acres of land near Walnut, 
111. In 1871, leaving the Prairie State, he came to 
Kansas and settled near Abilene, where he carried 
on farming for five years, and improved two farms. 
In the fall of 1876 he came to this county and 
purchased his present farm which comprises a fine 
tract of land 400 acres in extent. Mr. Wilson 
makes a specialty of live-stock, also of fruit, hav- 
ing an orchard of 700 apple and peach trees of the 
best varieties. Upon his farm is a stone quarry 
from which material has been taken for the con- 
structi(jn of some of the best business houses in 

Mr. Wilson began his ministerial labors as a lay 
preacher at the earlj' age of twenty-six years, and 
has continued his pious duties since that time. He 
is the only minister of the Universalist faith on the 
line of the Central branch of the Union Pacific 
Railroad. He completed his classical education in 
the college at Delaware, Ohio,where he was a student 
three years. Originally he was a Democrat, and 
voted for James K. Polk, and after that he was a 
strong Republican, until the organization of the 
Greenback part}', and its consolidation with the 
Union Labor party, of which he was the regular 



nominee for State Senator in 1886, making a large 
number of stirring campaign speeches in this 
county, and coming within 116 votes of his oppo- 
nent. He was a great admirer of Peter Cooper, 
for wliom he voted in 1876. Socially, he belongs 
to the Masonic fraternity, Lodge No. 67, at Franl?- 
fort, in wliich he has filled all the Chairs besides 
representing it in the Grand Lodge. He is also 
identified with the Vermillion Lodge, No. 110, 
L O. O. F., in which he is now Vice-Grand. 
1 To Mr. and Mrs. Wilson there have been born 
ten children, viz. : William W., John B., Mary E., 
(deceased), Uriah S., Vear P., Nora M., Viola P., 
David and two babes that died in infancy unnamed. 
William W. married Miss Mary M. Bain, and has 
four children. The other children are unmarried 
and at home with their parents. Mr. Wilson is a 
man of considerable ability, and is popular among 
the people. His farm lies one mile northeast of 
Frankfort, and is embellished with a large, hand- 
some stone residence, occupying a prominent and 
beautiful site in the northwestern corner of section 
27. In addition to being a first-class farmer, he is 
a good financier. He has served as Justice of the 
Peace four years, and Collector, Clerk and School 
Trustee, being a member of the School Board for 
nine years. While in Illinois, he was also Township 

—5 #-# ^ 

AVID GUTHRIE. The rapid growth and 
development of St. Bridget Township, is 
,fi^^ due to the men who first took up their abode 
here, manj' of them 'settling upon the raw 
prairie, from which they have constructed first- 
class farms and comfortable homesteads. Among 
them may be mentioned the subject of this sketch, 
who is snuglj' established on eight}' acres of land, 
the whole of which he has brought to a good state 
of cultivation. He makes a specialty of fruit rais- 
ing, having devoted six acres to peaches, apples, 
pears, plums, apricots, cherries, gooseberries, grapes, 
currants, raspberries, strawberries, and whortle- 
berries. His trees and vines are beginning to bear, 
and he anticipates in the near future handsome re 

turns from the outlay of time and labor. He has 
a goodl}' number of forest trees, including a pecu- 
liar specimen called the honej Mexican, which pro- 
duces a very good qualitj- of honej'. 

The dwelling of our subject is a small frame 
house, comfortable, although not very commodious, 
while adjacent are the various outbuildings re- 
quired, including an apiary within which are sev- 
eral hives of bees. The family includes seven sons, 
wlio, it is hardly necessary to say, are the pride of 
their parents' hearts. They are named respect- 
ively, Jacob W., John S., Aaron A., David, Evans, 
Alexander, and Franklin. One son, Milton A., 
died at the age of twenty months. 

A native of Lee County, 111., our subject was 
born March 6, 1846, at Guthrie's Grove, and is the 
son of William Guthrie, who was born and reared 
in the city of Cork, Ireland. The latter emigrated 
to America when a young man of nineteen jears, 
well-equipped with a good education and careful 
training. Grandfather Guthrie had died in Ire- 
land, when his son William, was a mere child, and 
the latter was adopted by Capt. Rainer, a noble- 
man of Cork, who treated him much as his own 
son, giving him an excellent education. After his 
arrival in New York City, the father of our sub- 
ject operated as clerk in a store one 3-ear, then 
made his way to Pittsburg, Pa., where he found 
young men enlisting as soldiers for the Black Hawk 
War. He also proffered his services as a soldier, 
and was in the army five years. In the meantime 
he was present at the capture of the old chief him- 
self. Later, coming to Northern Illinois, he stood 
upon the present site of Chicago when it was 
marked b}' only nine houses. For one day's work 
he could have become the possessor of an}- lot in 
the village. He, however, made his way further 
westward, and utilized his land warrant by secur- 
ing land in the vicinity of what is now Guthrie's 
Grove, in Lee Count}-, 111. 

Our subject's father was united in marriage with 
Miss Matilda, daughter of Joseph Ross, one of the 
oldest pioneers settling on the eastern line of Lee 
County, 111. Mr. Ross was a native of Virginia, 
where he was reared to man's estate, and married 
Miss Mary Hunt, of Charleston, Va. They spent 
their last years in Illinois. When twenty-five 



years of age, Mr. Guthrie went into Taylor County, 
Iowa, where in due time he met and married, in 
1872, Miss Eunice Easter, daughter of Jacob and 
Bathsheba (Blunt) Easter, who were formerly of 
Ohio. The Easters upon coming to Iowa, settled 
in Van Buren County, where Miss Eunice was born. 
Her parents are still living, and are now residents 
of Taylor County, Iowa. After marriage, Mr. 
and Mrs. Guthrie settled on a farm in Taylor 
County, where thej^ lived nine years, and then re- 
moved to Atchison County, JMo. A year later our 
subject purchased in this countj- the land which he 
now owns and occupies. It must be acknowledged 
that he has contributed his full quota to the growth 
and development of this region. His perseverance 
and industry can scarcely fail of their legitimate 
reward. He has obtained a fine start, and has 
abundant reason to expect "continued prosperity." 

1^4 — -^vSKZWrnu 

„ ,, G. EDWARDS, M. D. Before entering 
0| upon the life of the gentleman whose name 
heads this sketch and who is a prominent 
physician and surgeon of Marysville, a 
few words regarding his parents will not be amiss. 
His father, Joseph Eawards, was horn in Virginia 
and there lived until his maturity, being a farmer 
and stock-i-aiser. Moving to the famous Blue 
Grass region, he married Miss Hannah Morgan, 
who bore him four suns and five daughters, all 
of whom lived to mature years. The father 
continued the business of stock-raising, removing 
to Clark County, III., in the year 1851, dying there 
in the fall of 1856. The mother survived until 
the year 1883. The parental family consisted of 
William M., now a practicing physician in Colby, 
Kan.; Giles, who died in the army, during the 
late Civil War; Levi, now deceased; our subject; 
Mrs. Matilda Maxie and Mrs. Malinda Bartlett, 
now widows residing in Illinois ; Mrs. Sarah 
Meeker, also residing in Illinois, and Mrs. Frances 

The subject of our sketch is a native of the Blue 
Grass State, where he was born Sept. 15, 1837, and 

where he remained until the age of fourteen, when 
his parents removed to Illinois. In the latter 
State he flnislied his education, graduating at 
Marshall College, after which he studied medicine 
with Dr. Frank White, professor of Materia Medica 
in St. Louis Medical College. After having read 
with Dr. White for sometime, Mr. Edwards took 
his lectures at the college in which his instructor 
was a professor, graduating in the class of '61. 
Feeling that his country needed his services he de- 
termined to devote the energies of his young man- 
hood to her and therefore enlisted in the Union 
service, being enrolled in the 1st Missouri Cavahy. 
He was with his regiment but a short time, beino- 
detailed to the post hospital at Jefferson Barracks, 
then engaged at the post hospital m Jefferson City, 
and later spending a year in the post hospital at 
Raleigh, Mo. After this hospital experience he 
spent some time in field service, then for eight- 
een months was fulfilling the duties of his profes- 
sion in the general hospital on Hickory street, St. 
Louis, Mo. From this time until the close of the 
war he was in the field, taking an active part in 
the actions at Pea Ridge, Prairie Grove and a num- 
ber of skirmishes. Although naturallj^ a large 
man Mr. Edwards weighed only 130 pounds when 
discharged from the service, his health havino- 
been very much shattered by the arduous labors 
and exposure of those years of active patriotism. 
Soon after the close of the war our subject came 
to Marysville and located for practice, and is now 
the oldest resident doctor in the county. 

During the busy days of hospital service in St. 
Louis, Dr. Edwards found time for wooing, and in 
1864 was married in that city to Miss Carrie 
Wright, an estimable and educated lady. She w:is 
born in Mobile, Ala., and was the daughter of I. 
Wright and when a3-oung lady removed to St. Louis 
with her widowed mother and lived in that city 
until after her marriage. To her was born one 
child, Lillian B., who still gladdens the hearts of 
her parents in the home circle. 

Dr. Edwards is the most trusted surgeon in the 
county. For the last eight years he has held the 
position of local surgeon for the St. Joseph and 
Grand Island branch of the Union Pacific Railroad. 
He was one of the original members of the North- 



ern Kansas Merliual Society which was established 
in 1884, and was its first president. He was also 
at one time president of the Marshall County Med- 
ical Association and is at the present time Treas- 
urer and Censor of that body and Vice-Piesident 
of the Railroad Medical Society of Grand Island, 
Omaha & Kansas City. He also holds honorary 
membership in the Nebraska Railroad Society. Dr. 
Edwards was President of the Pension Examining 
Board up to the time of Cleveland's administration. 
He has been an active Republican worker but not 
an office seeker and he belongs to the Central Re- 
jiublican Committee of this Congressional District. 
He is a man of more than ordinary ability as the 
above facts will show, and is highly esteemed by 
all who know him, not only as a well read surgeon 
but as one of nature's noblemen. He is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity. He is a warm personal 
friend of Dr. Livingston of Plattsmonth, Neb. 


results of perseverance and industry have 
^^^Jj! probably no finer illustration than in the 
career of Mr. Duff}-, who is one of the leading men 
of Noble Township. He settled within its limits 
during its pioneer days, and has borne no unim- 
portant part in bringing this part of the county to 
its present condition. During the }'ears past he 
labored earl}' and late, and is now in the enjoy- 
ment of the reward which usually follows a course 
of industry and the practice of economy. He owns 
and occupies a beautiful homestead, embracing 320 
acres of land, comprising a portion of sections 22 
and 23. Public-spirited and liberal, he is a uni- 
versal favorite in his community, both in business 
and social circles, and especially prominent in the 
Methodist Episcopal Cliurch. 

Our subject is the offspring of an excellent fam- 
ily, being the son of John Duffy, who was born 
and reared in Ohio. Thence he removed during 
his early manhood to the vicinity of Marietta, 
Ohio, where he carried on farming until 1833. 
Then, resolving to seek the more western country, 
he emigrated to Illinois and entered a tract of land 

in the vicinity of Bloomington, McLean County. 
There he spent the last years of his life. He broke 
a vast amount of prairie along the Rock River, 
and was subjected to all tlie hardships and priva- 
tions of pioneer life. He was a man of decided 
views and an earnest supporter of the Democratic 

The mother of our subject was Lj'dia (McCoy) 
Duffy, a native of Ohio and of Scotch descent. After 
the death of her husband she sold her property 
and removed to Dallas City, III., where her death 
took place about 1880. She was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. The parental house- 
hold originally included eight children, of whom 
George W., our subject, the fourth in order 
of birth. The others are named respectively : 
James and Samuel, deceased; Joseph, a resident of 
Dallas City, 111.; Susan, deceased; Mary, a resi- 
dent of Kansas; Charlotte, who lives in Dakota, 
and Elizabeth, a resident of Missouri. Samuel 
during the Civil War served as a Union soldier in 
an Illinois regiment, and died in Arkansas. Joseph 
served his full term of enlistment. 

The subject of this sketch was born at the old 
homestead, near Marietta, Ohio, Nov. 27, 1827. 
He was five years old when the familj"^ removed to 
Illinois, and remembers the time when wild game 
was plentiful in McLean County. He pursued his 
early studies in the log schoolhouse, and was only 
twelve jears old at the time of his father's death. 
He remained with his mcjther until twenty years 
old. He remembers the time when the present site 
of Bloomington was simply marked by three or 
four log cabins. He hauled grain to Chicago in 
1842, and at the age mentioned began farming for 

In 1850, during the gold excitement, our subject 
crossed the plains to California, landing in Placer- 
ville after a journey of four months. A few days 
after his arrival he commenced teaming between 
Placerville and Sacramento, at which he made con- 
siderable mone}^ He spent a 3-ear on the Pacific 
Slope, then returned home via the Isthmus of Pan- 
ama and New Orleans, but with the intention of 
revisiting the Golden State. Circumstances trans- 
pired which caused him to change his intentions, 
and in the spring of 1855 he repaired to Minne- 



sota, taking with liim his live stock, and located on 
a tract of land twenty miles from Red Wing, where 
he was one of the first settlers. He improved a 
farm of 280 acres, which proved particularly 
favorable to the raising of wheat, and which be- 
came the source of an ample income. He effected 
fine improvements, and this farm was designated 
as one of the most valuable in that region of coun- 
try. He made a specialty of live stock, breeding 
French draft horses, and maintained his residence 
there for a period of seventeen years. Selling out 
in 1874, he came to this county and located on his 
present place, purchasing first 160 acres of raw 
land, and later adding to it a like amount. He has 
constructed first-class modern buildings, having a 
fine house and a good barn, with all the necessary 
outbuildings for the shelter of stock and the stor- 
ing of grain. A windmill conve3'S water to what- 
ever point desired, and the farm is equipped with 
modern machinery for plowing, sowing and reap- 
ing. Upon this farm stand some of tiie oldest 
trees in Noble Township. There is a large orchard 
and a grove, and the land is watered by a branch 
of the Vermillion. It is largely devoted to stock- 
raising — in fact, nearly all the grain which it 
produces is utilized in the feeding of cattle and 
swine. Of the former Mr. Duffy feeds usually 100 
annually, and about 350 hogs. He does his own 
shipping. The operations of the farm are carried 
on by three teams of fine draft horses, and are con- 
ducted with that skill and thoroughness which sel- 
dom fail of generous returns. 

In McLean County, III., our subject was married, 
March 7, 1849, to Miss Lydia Arnold. This lady 
was born in Ohio, on the 7th day of November, 
1830, and the result of her union with our subject 
was the birth of six children, viz : Ann J., Mrs. 
King, of Henry County, Mo. ; Anderson, who is 
farming on 120 acres of good land in Noble Town- 
ship; Ira, who is engaged in selling organs and 
pianos in Nebraska; George W., Jr., who is farm- 
ing in Noble Township; Frank B., who is engaged 
in selling musical instruments and sewing machines, 
having his headquarters at Seneca, Kan.; and Cora, 
Mrs. Weston, who is the wife of a leading grain 
merchant of Frankfort. 

During his residence in Minnesota Mr. Duffy 

was quite prominent in local affairs, holding the 
offices of County Commissioner and Justice of the 
Peace for many years. Here he has filled the same 
positions, and has likewise served as School Di- 
rector. He is an active member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, in Vermillion, in which he has 
officiated as Class-Leader and Steward. At pres- 
ent he is a Tuistee, and assisted substantially in 
the erection of the church edifice, besides being a 
member of the building committee. He has been 
sent as a delegate to various church conventions, 
and is an active worker in the Sunday-school. Po- 
litically, he votes the straight Democratic ticket, 
and has been prominent in the councils of his 
party in this section. 

The father of Mrs. Duffy was John Arnold, 
who was bom and reariid near Marietta, Ohio, 
where he carried on farming during his early man- 
hood, and thence emigrated to Hancock County, 
111. In 1850 he crossed the plains to California,' 
where his death took jjlace soon afterward. The 
mother, Mrs. Mary (Kile) Arnold, was likewise a 
native of Ohio, born near the early home of her 
husband. After his death she removed to Good- 
hue County, Minn., where her death took place; 
she was a member in good standing of the United 
Brethren Church. The four children of the par- 
ental family were named respectivelj': Lydia, Mrs. 
Duffy, Isaac and Samuel, residents of Vermillion ; 
and ^lanly, who is farming in Noble Township. 
Mrs. Duffy was born in Ohio, Nov. 7, 1830, and 
was twelve years of age when her family removed 
to Illinois, where she was reared to womanhood, 
and where she lived with her parents until her 

"-"^ 'i^^' 1^'-'— 

I OCHESTER SWART is the owner and occu- 
pant of a pleasant farm on section 9, Wells 
Township. He is a native of Bladison 
\^ County, Ind., and was born March 26, 
1845. He is a son of Gilbert and Lj-dia (Dun) 
Swart. His father was a nativeof Virginia, and of 
German descent, while his mother, who was born 
in Indiana, traced her ancestry to Ireland. 

Gilbert Swart, upon leaving his native Slate, 



first settled in Ohio, and thence removed to Ind- 
iana, and finally in the year 1864, to Knox County, 
111. There his wife died in December, 1884, and 
there he continues to reside. The paternal family 
consisted of nine children, five of whom are now 
living. They are: Arretta, wife of Alexander 
Hamilton, of Illinois; Rochester, John D., of Ne- 
braska: IVIai-ciis D. L.. of Illinois; and Elizabeth A., 
of the same State. 

The gentleman of whom we write, was reared to 
farm pursuits, and received a common-school edu- 
cation. In March, 1864, then nineteen years 
of age, he enlisted in the Union Army, and was en- 
rolled in Company E, 34th Indiana Infantry. He 
participated in the engagement at Palo Alto, on the 
Rio Grande River, where he was captured by the 
enemy. After an imprisonment of four daj-s, he 
was released on parole at Brownsville, Tex. He 
was subsequent!}' exchanged, and continued in the 
service until February, 1866, when he was honor- 
abl}" discharged. He then located in Illinois, and 
in 1886, he came to this county, and settled upon 
the eighty acres which he has since made his home. 
His land is fertile and well-improved, and its owner 
is suceessfull}' carr3'ing on the pursuit of agri- 

Mr. Swart is a believer in. and supporter of the 
principles of the Democratic party, and never fails 
to cast his vote in its interest. He is a member of 
the A. F. ife A. M. Lodge. Not yet having found 
the lady of his choice, Mr. Swart is keeping bache- 
lor's hall. He is an industrious and upright man. 
and highly respected bj^ bis fellow-citizens. 

\T^ ENRY SPEALMAN. a highly respected 
Ijj^' citizen of Oketo Township, where he is 
J^^' profitably engaged in farming and stock- 
(^) raising, was one of the pioneers of this 
portion of Marshall County, and in perform- 
ing the laborious task of reclaiming a valuable 
farm from its wild prairies, he has greatly aided 
in its development, and has materiall}' added to 
its wealth. He is a native of the State of Penn- 

sylvania, born Feb. 15, 1820, to John G. and Marj' 
Spealman, also natives of the Ke3Stone State. An 
uncle of our subject took part in the War of 1812. 
His father was a blacksmith by trade, but subse- 
quenth' devoted himself to farming. He and his 
wife spent the early years of their married life in 
Pennsylvania, finally removing from there to Mason 
County, 111., of which they thus became early set- 
tlers, and afterward casting in their lot with the 
pioneers of Ogle County, that State. There the 
father died twentj'-five years ago, and the mother 
followed him to the grave two years later. They 
had seven children, four of whom are now living. 
He of whom we write was the sixth child of 
his parents, and he grew to a robust, manlj' man- 
hood amid the scenes of his birth, obtaining his 
education in the subscription schools of the day. 
At the age of twentj'-two he began life for him- 
self, having previous to that time assisted his 
father in his work. He was first employed in some 
rolling mills in Columbia County, Pa. Two years 
later he took a trip through the Southern States, 
l>eing desirous to see something of the country, 
and he spent the winter of 1844 in New Orleans, 
working in a cotton press till Maj', 1845. We next 
hear of him in Galena, 111., where he was em- 
ployed in a brickj-ard. After that he returned to 
Pennsylvania, and remaining there a year, he came 
westward .again as far as Illinois, and continued to 
be an inhabitant of the Prairie State till 1866. In 
that vear he came to Kansas and located on this 
spot, where he has ever since made his home. It 
was raw prairie then, with no indications of its 
jn-esent value as one of the most highly productive 
and best improved farms in this vicinity. His was 
the pioneer task of breaking the soil and prepar- 
ing it for tillage, besides erecting suitable buildings 
for everj' necessarj- purpose, and the condition in 
which it now is, with its 240 acres all under fine 
cultivation, devoted prineipall}- to the raising of 
corn and oats, of which it yields abundant harvests, 
with its fine orchard and beautiful grove of maples 
and cotton-wood trees, planted by his own hands, 
and with its comfortable dwelling and neat out- 
Ijuildings, shows well the care, labor and money 
expended in bringing about the great change. 
In his marriage with Miss Sallie Ann Richart, 


which was consummated in Danville, Columbia 
Co., Pa., June 27, 1817, Mr. Spealman was so fovt- 
iinate as to secure the faithful co-operatiou of a 
good wife, one who has been a genuine helpmate, 
and has greatly aided him in the upbuilding of his 
pleasant home. Though she has been an invalid 
for a 3'ear, a patient and cheerful sufferer, yet she 
is still the household guide. She is a native of Penn- 
sylvania, one of a large family of children born to 
John and Rachel (Funston) Richart, farmers of that 
.State. Her marriage with our subject has been blessed 
to them by the birth of nine children, seven of whom 
are living, and two deceased: John R., James, 
William, Mary, Andrew, Clara and Marquis. The 
children have been all given good educations, and 
and are well established in life. 

In his career as a farmer, Mr. Spealman has 
shown himself to be a man of sound practicality, 
an excellent manager, and a good worker, and these 
traits have been important aids to him in the ac- 
quirement of his substantial propert}'. He stands 
well in this community as a man and a citizen, and 
has been true to all the relations of life that he has 
sustained toward others, as a husband, father, 
neighbor and friend. He has always interested 
himself in public matters, especially in politics, and 
the Republican part}' finds in him an active sup- 
porter. He was formerly connected with the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. He and his wife belong to the 
Methodist Church, which has no more consistent 
members within its folds than they. 



,^=- The career of Mr. Dille. one of the leading 
^ citizens of Noble Township, presents an 
array of interesting facts which are in the main as 
follows: He was cradled at the modest home of his 
parents in the vicinity of Wheeling, Belmont Co., 
Ohio, where his birth took place Jan. 18, 182G. 
Two years later his parents removed to Indiana, 
where, when of suitable years, the boy conned liis 
lessons in the primitive log school-house, with slal) 
seats and puncheon floor, and window panes of 
greased paper. From a building of this descrip- 

tion he was graduated at an early age, but im- 
proved his opportunities for gaining useful 
information by reading evenings, by the light 
of a tallow candle. When a youth of twenty- 
one years he started out for himself, leaving 
the farm and commencing his apprenticeship 
at the cooper's trade, in Eckmansville, in his 
native State, at which he served three years. 
Afterward he worked as a journeyman six months, 
then returned to his parents in Indiana. In the 
meantime he had employed his le'sure hours with 
his books, and after passing the requisite examina- 
tion entered upon his first term as a school teacher, 
at the age of twenty. two years, in Hancock County. 
He followed teaching winters thereafter, and em- 
ployed himself at his trade in the summer until 

In the meantime our subject, on the 3d of March, 
1852, was married in Madison County, Ohio, to 
Miss Amanda, daughter of William Creath, the 
latter of whom was a native of Kentucky. The 
paternal grandfather, William Creath, a native of 
Scotland, emigrated to America and located in 
South Carolina, where he employed himself as a 
general mechanic. He served as a soldier in the 
Revolutionary War, and later removed to Ken- 
tucky and followed wheelwrighting in the Blue 
Grass region for some time. Finally he went to 
Madison Count}', Ohio, where he followed his trade 
and died. 

The father of our subject until reaching his ma- 
jorit}' was employed in farming pursuits. Then 
repairing to London, Ohio, he learned blacksmith- 
ing, which he prosecuted in connection with farm- 
ing in Madison County, and became owner of a 
fine estate. He died at the old homestead in Madi- 
son Count}', in 1871. He was a prominent man in 
his community, and an Elder in the Presbyterian 
Church. Grandmother Creath was in her girliiood 
Miss Margaret Douglas, a native of South Carolina, 
and the daughter of James Douglas, a cousin of 
Stephen A. Douglas. She is now deceased. The 
maiden name of the mother of Mrs. Dllle was 
Mary Monahan, a native of New Jersey, and the 
daughter of Peter Monahan, who was born in Ire- 
land and emigrated to America when a lad of ten 
years. He first lived in New Jersey and worked 



on a farm. Later he removed to Ohio and located 
in Madison Count}', where he lived until joining his 
children in Lidiaua, where he spent his last days. 
He was in sympathy, religiously .with tlie doctrines 
of the Friends' Church. The wife and mother died 
at the old homestead in Ohio, June 16, 1889, at 
the age of eighty-five years. She was a member of 
the Presbyterian Church. Of the fourteen chil- 
dren born to her and her husband ten grew to 
mature years: Owen is deceased; Amanda, Mrs. 
Dille, is the eldest living; Silence is a resident of 
Oregon: Margaret S. lives in Roolis Count}', Kan., 
Mary A. continues a resident of Madison Count}', 
Ohio; William A. lives in Ross County, that State; 
John, a minister of the Presbyterian Church, lives 
in Phoenix, Ariz.; Abigail, Martha and Hannah 
continue their residence in Madison County, Ohio. 
Owen, during the first year of the Civil War, en- 
listed in the 13th Iowa Infantry, and fell at the 
battle of Pittsburg Landing mortally wounded. 

Mrs. Dille was born near Mt. Sterling. Madison 
Co., Ohio, May 20, 1827, and was the eldest 
(laughter of her parents' large family. She was at 
an early age trained to habits of industry, and 
assisted her mother in spinning, weaving, bleach- 
ing cloth and making the garments for the house- 
hold. She remained under the home roof until lier 
marriage. Mr. and Mrs. Dille began their wedded 
life together in Elizabeth City, Ind., where our 
subject followed teaching and also worked at his 
trade until 1855. Then, deciding to seek the far- 
ther West, he gathered together his family and 
household effects and started by team overland to 
Washington County, Iowa. They crossed the Wa- 
bash River at LaFayette, Ind., the Illinois at Spring- 
field, and the Mississippi at Burlington, Iowa, and 
Mr. Dille purchased land and began the improve- 
ment of a farm. His plans were interrupted by 
tiie outbreak of the Civil War, as under the first 
call for three-years men he enlisted, at the age of 
thirty-five years, in Company C, 8th Iowa Infantry, 
and was mustered in at Camp McClellan, near 
Davenport. Soon afterward he went with his regi- 
ment to Springfield, Mo., and engaged in various 
skirmishes with bushwhackers. At Sedalia lie was 
seized with a disease whicli the following year 
compelled him to accept his honorable discharge. 

After his nine months' service in the army Mr. 
Dille joined his family in Ohio and later they re- 
moved to Henry County, Ind. In 1863 he joined 
a company of home guards which was sent after 
the raider, Gen. Morgan, and followed him to the 
Big Miami. In February, 1865, seeing little pros- 
pect of peace, our sulsject enlisted once more as a 
Union soldier, in the 147 Indiana Infantry. He 
was mustered in at Riclimond, and with his regi- 
ment assigned to the Army of the Potomac, and 
held as Gen. Hancock's reserve. Mr. Dille states 
that the declaration of peace between the North 
and the South was the happiest event of his life, 
but upon him, as upon thousands of others, there 
fell a great cloud soon afterward, in the assassina- 
tion of President Lincoln. Mr. Dille enjoyed in a 
marked degree the confidence of his superior offi- 
cers, and among others soon after the war was re- 
tained to guard property in the Shenandoah Val- 
ley, where he remained until Aug. 17, 1865, and 
was then mustered out and received his honorable 
discharge August 25. 

Our subject now returning to Indiana, com- 
menced again at the bottom of the ladder, having 
not only lost his Iowa property but being 8500 in 
debt. He established himself upon a small farm in 
Henry County, which he rented and made a spe- 
cialty of live stock. In the fall of 1872 he deter- 
mined upon a change of location, and coming to 
this county, purchased his present homestead — 160 
acres. He has made all the improvements wliich 
are upon it, setting out forest and fruit trees, the 
latter including some of the choicest products of 
this region. He lias 600 grape vines, which are 
already the source of a snug income. He lias 
deeded eighty acres of his farm to his son, Joseph 
W. The balance is operated by other parties. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Dille there have been born 
seven children, the eldest of whom was Mary Ann, 
who is deceased; David C. occupies himself as a 
farmer and school teacher in Nemaha County. He 
owns forty acres of land at America City, where 
he is Principal of the High School; Joseph W. 
operates the land spoken of; C. M. Clay, de- 
ceased; Orinda S. has been a teacher for the past 
ten years; Lulu M. is the wife of Mr. McCreary, 
formerly of Kansas, now living in Portland. Ore.; 



Vinnie remains at home with her parents. Mr. 
and Mrs. Dille are connected with the Presbyterian 
Church at Vermillion, which our subject assisted 
in organizing, and in which he has been a Ruling- 
Elder for ten j'ears. He has been active in the 
Sunday-school, and in fact lias filled all the church 
offices, excepting officiating as minister. He has 
done a large amount of mission work throughout 
the Presbytery of Highland and Topeka. Politi- 
call}^ he was in early da3's a Free Soiler, but is 
now one of the warmest adherents of the Repub- 
lican party. He was ever the opponent of slaverj-, 
and while in the army procured a piece of the gal- 
lows upon which John Brown was hung, which was 
cut in the shape of a heart, and wliich is now in the 
possession of his son. 

The father of our subject was the Rev. .Tosepli 
Dille, a native of Washington County, Pa., and the 
son of Caleb Dille, who was born in New Jerse3^ 
The latter was by occupation a farmer and stock- 
raiser. He served in the Revolutionary War under 
the direct command of Washington from the begin- 
ning to the end of the struggle. Afterward he es- 
tablished himself on a farm in Washington County, 
Pa., but later removing to the wilderness of Bel- 
mont County, Ohio, entered a tract of land from 
tlie Government and improved a farm. Finally he 
removed to Henry County, Ind., where he spent 
his last days. He was a AVhig, politically, and a 
Presbj'terian in his religious views. 

The paternal great-grandfather of our subject 
was Caleb Dille, Sr., a French Huguenot, who fled 
from his native country on account of religious 
persecution, and upon arriving in America settled 
in New Jersey. He was a man of marked force of 
character, and a leader in his community, by whom 
he was held in high esteem. His son Joseph, the 
father of our subject, lived on the farm until 
twenty-two years of age, then entered the ministry, 
of the Baptist Church, and became one of its most 
prominent and efficient laborers. He entered land 
in Ohio, and later emigrated to Indiana, in the 
meantime laboring in the Master's vine}'ard, as his 
strength permitted until his death, which took 
place in Hancock Count3f, Ind., in 1875. He had 
attained the ripe old age of eighty-four years. He 
belonged to the old Free Soil party in the earl3- 

days, and later was a Republican. During the 
Civil War he kept himself thoroughlj' posted, and 
maintained a lively interest in the success of the 
Union cause. 

The maiden name of the mother of our subject 
was Elizabeth Thompson; she was born in Virginia 
and was the daughter of Jester Thompson, a na- 
tive of Delaware and a farmer bj' occupation. 
Grandfather Thompson participated in the War of 
1812, and spent his last days in Ohio. Mrs. Dille 
died in 1856, at the age of fifty-four years. The 
parental family included fourteen children, of 
whom Mary, Daniel, Barbara, Hugh, Richard, Caleb, 
Cinderella. David and Reuben are deceased. The 
survivors are: Joseph, Nancy and Elizabeth Ann, 
residents of Indiana; George, our subject; Squire, 
living in Indiana. Caleb during the Civil War 
enlisted, in 1862, in the 16th Indiana Infantry, and 
served until the close. Squire enlisted in 1861, in 
the 47th Indiana Infantry, and served until re- 
ceiving his discharge for disabilitj-. Subsequently, 
however, he was drafted and served until the close 
of the war. 

TEPHEN GREEN, who owns and occupies 
a farm on section 8, Wells Township, has 
been a resident here since 1871. He is a 
native of Rushville, Schuyler Co., III., 
and was born May 19, 1841. His parents, John 
and Ann Green, were residents of Delaware, and 
the former is said to have been a relative of Gen. 
Green of Revolutionary fame. John Green re- 
moved from his native State, Clark County', Ky., 
at an early day, and later to Schuyler County, 111., 
at an early period in the history of the latter. 
The family subsequently removed to Fulton, 111., 
where the parents resided many years. William 
Green, a i:)rother of our subject, was a private in 
the 84th Illinois Infant;y during the late war. A 
half brother, Hinman Rhodes, enlisted in the 28th 
Illinois Infantry, was elected captain, promoted to 
colonel and finally became a brigade commander. 
Stephen Green had but limited advantages in his 
3'Outh, as his father having become disabled, he, at 
the age of twelve, was obliged to assist in the sup- 



port of the family. He was about ten years of age 
when they removed to Fulton County. For a 
number of years he had the main responsibility of 
the family fortunes, and for a time was his parents 
sole support. On Jan. 4, 1869, he was united in 
marriage with Hettie Smith. The following year 
he came to Kansas and for a short time made his 
home in Nemaha County. 

On entering Marshall County in 1871. he home- 
steaded eighty acres of land on the section where 
he now resides. There was an old log cabin on 
the place and a few acres had been broken, but it 
was principally in the primitive condition of the 
Western prairie. Mr. Green had §27.50 in money 
when he settled there, so, like all pioneers he has 
had experience in the hardships and privations in- 
cident to getting a start in a new countr}'. He 
has been energetic and persevering and has won a 
merited success. He is now the owner of 160 
acres, well improved and cultivated and compris- 
ing a comfortable home. 

Mrs. Green was born in Pike County, 111., and 
was a daughter of Tbaddeus O. and Abigail Smith. 
She has borne her husband seven children: Fred, 
Abigail, Anne, William, and an infant daughter 
unnamed, are living; Maggie and Thaddeus are 

Mr. Green is a Union Labor man. He has served 
as School Treasurer of his district. Not only in 
the conduct of his own business but in the affairs 
of the section, Mr. Green is a man of enterprise 
and as such is held in esteem bj- his neighbors. 

^ l>/ILLIAM MURPHY. This gentleman first 
\joJi looked upon the country west of the Mis- 
W^ sissippi as early as 1839, when a young 
man twenty-two years old. He thereafter spent 
about four j'ears in travel, and the fact that he 
finally took up his abode in this county is sufficient 
evidence that he found here advantages less 
equaled by those of any other section. At least 
he was contented to pitch his tent here in 1871 and 
has since made his home within its borders. We 
find him pleasantly situ.ated and the owner of a 

good farm on section 27 in Clear Fork Township, 
where he has transformed a portion of what was 
once an uncultivated waste, into one of the best 
farms to be found in this region. 

The subject of this sketch was born in York 
County, Pa., Oct. 29, 1816, and is the son of James 
and Marj' (Smith) Murphy, who were likewise na- 
tives of the Keystone State. His paternal ances- 
tors were of Irish origin, and his grandfathers on 
both sides of the house did good service in the 
Colonial army during the Revolutionary War. 
William was the third son of his parents and was 
reared on a farm in his native county, receiving 
a limited education, hut being trained to those 
habits of industry and sentiments of honor which 
have formed the basis of a strong and reliable 
character and enaiiled him to become a man among 
men. As before stated, he emigrated to the West 
soon after reaching his majority. He remained a 
bachelor until approaching the thirty-third year 
of his age, and was then married in 1849 in Penn- 
sylvania to Sarah A. Blaney, who bore him several 
children of whom only one is living: James C. S., 
who is now living in Irving. The mother died in 
1861. In 1863 Mr. Murphy contracted a second 
marriage, with Mrs. Caroline Aikens, widow of 
John Aikens, of York County, Pa., and the daugh- 
ter of Levi and Margaret Schenk, of Pennsylvania. 
Six children were born of this union, three of 
whom survive, William, Belle and Valentine. 

Mr. Murphy, after first visiting the West, re- 
turned to his native State and came to this county 
for permanent settlement in 1871. He preempted 
160 acres of land on section 34, Clear Fork Town- 
ship and at once engaged in its cultivation and im- 
provement. Not long afterward, however, he 
made an exchange of property, coming to his pres- 
ent farm. Upon this likewise not a furrow had 
been turned, and now looking around over his fertile 
fields and his convenient buildings, with the other 
pleasing accessories of farm life, it is hardly neces- 
sarj- to say that be must have made good use of 
his time since settling here. In due time he was 
enabled to extend his possessions, and is now the 
owner of 400 acres altogether. He has accumu- 
lated his property by his -own industry and good 
man.agement, not having received any financial as- 



sistance from any source. Among the many self- 
made men of Marshall County, there are few who 
have ma'rle a better record. 

Mr. Murphy politically is a sound Democrat. 
He has served on the School Board in his district, 
and as a peaceable and law-abiding citizen is the 
encourager of those projects tending to improve 
the county and elevate society. 

^^^EOROE R. Fl'LTON.a man of mi 
I'lj J— J business ahilily, occupies a high plo 
"^^Sl the practical, successful farmers a 

^^^EOROE R. Fl'LTON.a man of much sound 

lace among 
and stock- 
raisers of Marshall County, of which he was a 
pioneer, and in the improvement of a fine farm he 
has materially contributed to its upbuilding. This 
valuable piece of property is very pleasantly lo- 
cated on section 34, Oketo Township, and here he 
and his family enjoy life iu a beautiful home, rc- 
jjlete with all the modern comforts and conve- 
niences, his residence being the finest in this part 
of the county, and with its tastefully laid out, pic- 
turesque grounds, forms a pleasing feature in the 

Mr. Fulton is a descendant of sterling New York 
ancestry, both his parents, John and Sally M. 
(Greene) Fulton, being natives of the Empire 
State, the former born near .Syracuse. The father 
was a farmer by occupation, and became a pioneer 
of two States, as subsequent to his marriage he 
moved to Ohio, and thence to Ogle County, 111. 
There he and his wife rounded out long and useful 
lives, and united in life, were not long divided in 
death, he dying in Februarj', 1887, and she three 
months later. They had five children, four of 
whom are now living. 

Our subject was the second child in the family, 
and he was born in Ohio, Aug. 18, 1839. He was 
quite young when his parents removed to Ogle 
County, 111., and there he was reared to a strong, 
manly manhood amid the pioneer scenes that ob- 
tained there in those days. His parents early in- 
stilled into him those principles of honor and 
integrity tliat have been his guides in after years, 
and from them he inherited traits of thrift and 

shrewd common sense that have contributed much 
to his success in his career as a business man and 
as an agriculturist. He gleaned a solid education 
in the common schools, and at the age of twenty- 
one established himself in business as a merchant in 
Ashton, 111. He was so prospered in that venture 
that at the age of twenty-three he bought in a 
partnership with C. W. Barber in a general mer- 
chandise store in Ogle County. In 1865 he severed 
his connection with Mr. Barber, and formed a 
partnership with C. K. Adams in Dement, now 
Creston, 111., continuing in business with him till 
1868. With characteristic foresight &nd shrewd- 
ness, he saw the flue chance that an energetic busi- 
ness man had for making money in the great and 
growing young State oftjKansas, and he wisely de- 
termined to invest some of his capital here, and turn 
his attention to agricultural pursuits on this rich, 
productive soil, and in 1869 we find him located in 
Marsliall Count3% where with excellent judgment 
he had selecteil his present farm as possessing many 
advantages over other sites. It was then merely a 
tract of wild prairie land, devoid of cultivation or im- 
provement. It comprises 377 acres of choice, highly 
productive land, all in a bod}' and under admirable 
tillage, and supplied with a substantial, roomy set 
of buildings and every convenience for carrying 
on farming advantageou.sly, for in the busy years 
that have intervened since his settlement here, he 
has wrought a great change by the persistent force of 
steadfast and well-directed labor. Four years ago 
he erected his present handsome, commodious resi- 
dence, the finest house in Oketo, at a cost of $3,000. 
lie devotes much of iiis time to raising stock, and 
handles about sixty-eight head of cattle, thirty 
horses and two car-loads of hogs. 

July 21, 1861, Mr. Fulton was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Eliza "Woodcock, a daughter of 
Sanford and Susan (Black) Woodcock. Her father 
was a native of New Hampshire, and was a manu- 
facturer of cards for woolen mills. Her mother 
was a native of New Braintree, Mass. They had 
nine children, five of whom are now living. Mrs. 
Fulton was the youngest of the family, and she 
was born in Leicester, Mass., March 22, 1840. She 
is a true lady of superior culture and refinement, 
and her education, which was begun in the public 



schools of Worcester, Mass., was finished in an ex- 
cellent private seminary in that city. Slie came 
West to visit her sister in Illinois, and there met 
and married our subject. Their union has been 
blessed to them by the birth of seven children, of 
whom three are living, as follows: Lena, Charles 
and Myrtie. Lena has a decided talent for music, 
which has been cultivated. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fulton are people whose social 
status is of the highest, and their pleasant, cour- 
teous manners win them hosts of warm friends, 
and their inviting home is the center of the most 
charming hospitality, its inmates vying with each 
other to contribute to the pleasure and comfort of 
guests wlio ma}^ happen beneath its roof. They 
are sincere Christians, and are earnestly interested in 
the work of the Presb3'teriau Church of whieh they 
are prominent members. A man of Mr. Fulton's 
well-known force of character, influence and capac- 
ity, cannot and ought not to be allowed wholly to 
escape the responsibilities of public life, and he has 
done his duty in that direction, devoting some of 
his time to aiding his fellow-citizens in carrying on 
the local government, has done serviceable work as 
a member of the School Board, and has held the 
office of Township Treasurer. He formerly affil- 
iated with the Republican party, but the policy of 
the L'nion Labor party more nearly meeting his 
views, he has latterly given his allegiance to that 
party, is prominent in its councils, and has been a 
delegate to county conventions. 

-^/'VyT,-i*aCi27©-S©" I 

*®J,gi^OT?f»v«. -w^ 

|u^^ ENRY HUND, Treasurer of Richland Town- 
)lfjlj ship, and a prominent man in his commu- 
%^ nitj', owns and operates one of the best 
\^) regulated farms in that region, comprising 
140 acres finely located on sections l,t) and 18. In 
connection with general farming, he makes a speci- 
cialty of stock-raising, and by his industry and 
good management has become well-to-do. 

Mr. Hund came to Kansas as early as 1869, and 
located upon a tract of land near the present site of 
Beattie. A year later, however, he removed to 
his present place, first purchasing eighty acres. 

After bringing this to a good state of cultivation, 
he purchased sixty acres more. He hiis one of the 
oldest and finest orchards in this part of the 
county, the trees being of his own planting. He 
also has an abundance of the smaller fruits, includ- 
ing grapes, cherries and plums, with peaches and 
pears. His homestead in all its appointments indi- 
cates the supervision of an intelligent and enter- 
prising man, who keeps abreast of the times, and 
is not willing to occupy anj' secondary position. 
His possessions are the result of his own industry 
and perseverance, as he began life without means, 
and his career is a fine illustration of what a man maj' 
accomplish bj" industry and frugality. In his busi- 
ness transactions he has conducted himself in such 
a manner as to secure the esteem and confidence of 
all who know him. 

The early years of our subject were spent in 
Germany, where he was born Dec. 31, 1835. His 
father died when he was a mere lad, and when 
Henry was a 3'outh of seventeen years, the widowed 
mother with her five children set out for America. 
Coming directly to the West, thej' located in Logan 
County, 111., where Henry worked on a farm until 
after the outbreak of the Civil War. On the 9th 
of August, 1862. he enlisted as a Union soldier in 
Company B, 106th Illinois Infantry, which was as- 
signed to the array of the Tennessee. He was 
present at the siege of Vicksburg, and after the 
surrender of the cit}' repaired with his regiment to 
Little Rock, Ark., and was engaged in scouting 
and skirmishing with the enemj'. He was pres- 
ent at the battle of Jacksonville, and during his 
entire service of three years was neither wounded 
nor captured by the enemy. After the close of 
the war he was given an honorable discharge, Aug. 

Our subject now returned to his old haunts in 
Logan County, 111., where his mother still so- 
journed, but he determined to seek his permanent 
home in the farther West. He accordingly came 
to Kansas in 1867 to look over the country, and re- 
moved here two j'ears later. He remained a single 
man until April 7, 1874, and was then married to 
Miss Lavina Wolfgang, of Rock Township, this 
countj'. Mrs. Hund was born in Jefferson Count}', 
Pa., Sept. 12, 1852, and is the daughter of Jacob 



Wolfgang, who came to Kansas in 1870, and set- 
tled in Rock Township, where he now resides. To 
him and his excellent wife, Mrs. Sallie (Schwartz) 
Wolfgang, there were born seven daughters and 
one son, and six of the children arc still living, 
making their home mostly in Kansas. 

Jacob and Mary (Laux) Hund, the parents of 
our subject, reared a family of five children, and 
the father died in his native land, Germany, as 
before stated. The mother came to this county 
with lier son Henry, our subject, making her home 
thereafter with him, and died Aug. 1.5, 1882, at 
the age of sevent^'-tin'ee years. 

//l^ IIRISTP:X JOIIN.SON. in driving about 
(II the agricultural districts of this county, one 

^^^^'^finds few homes which excel, or even equal 
that of our subject, in beauty and appearance of 
comfort. It is situated on section 16, Walnut 
Township, and comprises 160 highly cultivated 
acres. The dwelling is a large neatly painted frame 
structure, situated about 100 yards from the road 
to which it is connected bj' a fine drive-wa)'. The 
door yard contains a number of beautiful flower 
beds with walks leading through and around them 
in different directions, and displaying much taste 
in its arrangements. Everything about the home 
is in a perfect state of oi'der and neatness, and pre- 
sents a very attractive ajipearance. 

Mr. Johnson is a native of Denmark, having 
l)een born Aug. 5, 1845. He was reared in his na- 
tive land and educated under its compulsory' laws, 
and there learned the blacksmith trade. He came 
to the United States on the steamship "Peruvia," 
making the voyage in about twenty-one dajs, hav- 
ing left Liverpool the 16th of May, 1866, and ar- 
riving in this country July 17. They were obliged 
to remain off New York harbor six weeks on ac- 
count of cholera on shipboard. Of the 700 emi- 
grants on board, 120 died on tlie trip. After 
landing Mr. Johnson came at once to Doniphan 
County, Kan., where he worked as a farm hand 
until 1873. He then went to Toledo, Ohio, where 
he was eniplo3'ed on a railroad for several 3'ears. 

He there married Elizabeth, daughter of Jacob 
Miller, a native of Bavaria, Germany. In 1878 
they came back to Doniphan County, where our 
subject rented a farm, upon which he lived for 
four years. He then removed to the farm where 
he now resides. It was at that time open prairie, 
but has been brougiit to a high state of cultivation 
and improvement. 

Mr. Johnson is a member of the Lutheran 
Church, to which he had become attached while 
yet in his native land. His wife was reared in the 
same faith. His father. Christen, and his mother, 
Nicolin (Hemming) Johnson, were members of the 
same church, and they with their aneestr}', so far 
as known, were natives of the .same place. Mr. 
Johnson is a supporter of the principles of the 
Republican party. He is much pleased with his 
success since coming to Kansas, a success which 
well illustrates his energj- of character, persevering 
industrj' and business ability. His early educa- 
tion was verj' thoroHgh, and he speaks and writes 
five different langu.ages with readiness. 

\t AMES S. MAGILL. This gentleman is the 
oldest living resident, excepting one. in the 
northern part of the county. Francis Linn 
having been in JMarysville one month prior to 
the arrival of Mr. Magill, who, having taking a pre- 
emption claim, located five miles northwest of what 
is now Marysville, reaching the Big Blue River, 
July 8, 1856. The subject of this sketch was born 
in St. Mary's County, Md., May 1, 1821, residing 
there until 1845, having in the meantime received 
his education at the common schools, but finishing 
it at Charlotte Hall. 

At the early age of fifteen years he left his home 
to become a clerk in the mercantile business, fol- 
lowing that vocation liutil he was twenty-one. 
For the following three years he served as Deputy- 
Sheriff and Constable, employing his leisure time in 
the study of law. In 1845, Mr. Magi^ll removed 
to Georgetown, S. C, and again entered the mer- 
c.nntile business, and there on May 11, 1847, he 
married Miss Ella M., the voungest daughter of 



Capt. J. H. Christian. Mr. Magill remained in 
Georgetown until tlie fall of 1848, when he re- 
moved to Savannah, Ga., contiuuiug in the same 
line of business until 18.51, when he located at 
Marietta, Ga., in that year and engaged in busi- 
ness until the spring of 1853, when he returned to 
Savannah, and accepted a position as clerk and 
book-keeper in a commission house, remaining 
with this firm until May, 1856. 

The Western fever, which was then raging at its 
height, found in him a victim, and upon severing 
his connection with the commission house he started 
for Kansas, having been for two years deprived of 
tiie society of his family. He came to Atchison 
with a colony of South Carolinians, and upon his 
arrival found Gen. Marshall with four or five men. 

The wild condition of that country may be un- 
derstood when it is noted that it was necessary for 
the colonists to travel in companj', it being very 
unsafe to cross those broad prairies alone, if one 
had any valuables in his possession. That same 
fall Mr. Magill took up 160 acres of land, and 
made the usual improvements. Having an oppor- 
tunity in 1860 to dispose of it, he did so and re- 
moved to Marysville. Marshall County having 
been recently organized he was elected District 
Clerk of the County, a position which he held 
until January, 1861, when he entered upon the 
practice of his profession. In 1866 he was elected 
Countj' Treasurer, filling that oflice for two terms ; 
with this exception he has followed his profession. 
At \arious times he has served as Justice of the 
Peace, Citj^ Clerk. Police Judge, and one term as 
Coroner. Mr. Magill was one Of the thirteen 
original stock-holders wlio located the town tract, 
and still owns part of it. 

The country having been mostly settled by 
Southern men, and these becoming scattered at 
the breaking out of the war,it was impossible to have 
a quorum from 1862 until 1886, when a sufficient 
number were enabled to be present to proceed to 
business. There is yet serious trouble in collecting 
what thej- had early let go by default. 

Mr. Magill has built a number of residences in 
the town and is considered a public-spirited citizen, 
a man whose influence is given for the benefit of 
the community where he resides. Mrs. Magill 

followed her husband in 1858, bringing with her 
one child, but leaving the eldest at school. Of the 
ten children born to them, but six are living — 
Katie D., Mrs. P. H. Peters, now a resident of this 
city, who ^as two sons — William J. and Magill; 
Loj'al S., who married Miss Mary Rozine. and now 
a resident of Hanover, this State; Hettie A., Mrs. 
Daniel N. Kelly, of Marysville, who has three 
sons — Roy, John J. and Harry; Harry W. and 
Nellie P., who are members of their father's house- 
hold; and James S., Jr. The children deceased, 
died in infanc3\ 

Miss Ella M. Christian, wife of the subject of 
this sketch was born in Georgetown, S. C, Oct. 6, 
1831, and there made her home until her marriage. 
Capt. J. H. Christian, her father, was a native of 
Massachusetts, being reared as a sea-faring man, 
and the last twenty years of his life was engaged in 
steamboatiug on the various rivers near South Car- 
olina; at the time of his death, being master and 
owner of one and part owner of another vessel. 
He was married in Georgia to Miss Catherine Fry, 
and reared a family of four children — Eliza, who 
married a Mr. McWilliams, now deceased ; Henry R. 
at present is one of the agents of the Ocean Steam- 
ship Company, Jacksonville, Fla.; Benjamin is 
deceased; and Ella the wife of our subject. Capt. 
Christian died in 1847, aged about sixty-eight 
years; his wife removed to Kansas and died in 

Mathew Magill, the father of James S., was born 
in St. Mary's County, Md., in 1783. He married 
Miss Dorotha Jarboe, and they had a familj- of 
seven children (both parents dying when our sub- 
ject's father was only three j-ears old.) Matliew 
Magill was a farmer in St. Mary's County, follow- 
ing that vocation until his death in 1837. His wife 
survived him, dying in 1846. Of the children. 
John F. remained in his native town engaged in 
teaching and farming, and died at the ripe old age 
of seventy-two jears; Susan A., who remained un- 
married, also continued to reside in lier native 
county, and died at the age of seventy; William H. 
left St. Mary's County in 1839 at the age of nine- 
teen years. His whereabouts is unknown; Benja- 
min remained near home, having married and 
reared four children, and died there; Charles A. 



removed to Savannah. Ga., engager! in the commis- 
sion business and 'lied in that fit}'; Ignatius, who 
filled the position of station agent at Monk's Cor- 
ners, S. C, died at that place. Consequently the 
subject of this sketch is the only one of these seven 
children now living. 

A^ ARTIN V. B. HALL, one of the oldest 
''' 'V settlers of Wells Township, is a native of 
'■ Kane County, III., and was born Feb. 17, 
1837. He was the son of Hiram and Eliza- 
be! h Hall, his father being a native of Pennsji- 
vania, and his mother of Virginia. The Hall famil}' 
are undoubtedly of English descent, while his ma- 
ternal ancestors are probably German. Our sub- 
ject was the second in a family of four children. 
When about three years old his parents removed 
to Nodaway County, Mo., where he was reared and 
received such education as the common schools af- 

In 1858 Mr. Hall, in company with William 
Trosper, came to this county, where he took up a 
claim of 160 acres of land, about one and a half 
miles west of the present city of Frankfort. These 
primitive acres were improved by their owner, who 
made them his home until 1862. He then returned 
to IMissouri for a sojourn of two years, thence re- 
turning again to this count}*, where for several 
years he occupied rented land. In the fall of 1872 
he settled on his present location, and is now loca- 
ted on the northwest quarter of section 22, Wells 
Township, where he has a cozy and pleasant home. 
Mr. Hall has been a hard-working and industrious 
man, and like all early settlers in a country, has 
had his share of hardship and privation. The 
first winter spent here after his marriage, he and 
his wife lived for three months on corn coffee and 

November 24, 1858, Mr. Hall was united in mar- 
riao-e with Miss Anna J. Trosper, the record of 
which event is said to be the first made in Marshall 
County. Miss Trosper was born in Nodaway 
County, Mo., Jan. 4, 1844, and was a daughter of 
William and Sarah Trosper, the former a native of 

Kentucky, and the latter of Illinois. Her mater- 
nal grandfather, Samuel Ferguson, was a soldier in 
the Black Hawk War. Her father was twice mar- 
ried. His first union resulted in the birth of six 
children, four of whom are living, Mrs. Hall being 
the eldest. The others are: John 8., now at Bio-e- 
low, Kan.; Robert, and Emily J., wife of J. J. 
Roper, of Washington. By his second marriage, 
Mr. Trosper became the father of three children, 
two of whom are now living — Sarah M., the wife 
of Samuel Strange, of Marysville, and Amanda, 
who is living at Bigelow, Kan. 

Mr. Hall, politically, is a Democrat, and a hearty 
supporter of the party measures. He is now serv- 
ing his second term as Trustee of Wells Township 
with credit not only to himself, but to his constit- 
uents. He has served as Constable for three years, 
and was for several years Clerk of the township. 
Mrs. Hall is a member of the Christian Church, and 
an active member of society. As an upright and 
worthy man, and a reliable citizen, Mr. Hall is hon- 
ored by the community in which he lives, and can, 
with his wife, enjoy the fruits of their labors in the 
consciousness of having assisted in the develop- 
ment of a great and growing State. 

lii g=, upon the life of o 
^=i|l regard to his pai 

WINKLER. Before entering 
our subject a few words in 
parents will not be amiss. 
George J. Sr., and Tillie Winkler, were natives of 
Germany, from, which country they emigrated to 
America in 1852, settling in Westmoreland County, 
Pa., where they breathed their last. They had a 
family of three sons and two daughters, of whom 
our subject was the fourth child and third son. He 
was born in Germany, Dec. 12, 1842, and was con- 
sequently about ten years of age when he came to 
America. He grew to manhood in Westmoreland 
County, making that county his home until his re- 
moval to Kansas, May 6, 1878. In March, 1865, 
he enlisted at Pittsburg, and served in the Union 
army until the latter part of July. After being 
mustered out of service he engaged in farming. In 
May, 1878, he came to this county, living in 



Marysville for a ycav and then locating on section 
3, Marysville Township, wliere lie is now living, 
occupj'ing a finely improved farm of 160 acres. 

While residing in Pennsj'lvania, Mr. Winkler 
was married to Miss Margaret McCaule}', who died 
in December, 1869, leaving one son, George E., who 
was educated in the common schools of Pennsyl- 
vania and this State, and also attended for a time 
the State Normal at Fort Scott, and the State Ag- 
ricultural College at Manhattan. He has been a 
teacher for the last five years. His present wife is 
Mary Jane, daughter of Jacob and Rosana ( Wills) 
Karns, of German ancestry. She was born in 
Westmoreland County, Pa., Aug. 12, 1845. She is 
a very bright and intelligent woman, well fitted to 
discharge the duties of wife and mother and to do 
what woman can to elevate and brighten the lives 
of those about her. Cordial and kindly to the 
stranger within her gates, Mrs. Winkler's generous 
nature finds its chief expression in her efforts to 
make her home one to which her children in after 
years may look back as the most attractive spot on 
earth. Her marriage to Mr. Winkler took place in 
Westmoreland County, Pa., July 4, 1872. To 
them have been born seven children — Anna B., 
Rosana M., John F., Catherine M., Agnes A., 
Elizabeth J., and Lena M. 

Mr. Winkler was formerly a member of the 
Democratic party but has lately identified himself 
with the Union Labor party, and both he and his 
wife are communicants of the Catholic Church. 


'^1, OSEPH C. DICKEY, junior member of the 
firm of McCurdy & Dickey, liverymen, is 
one of the most extensive farmers of Water- 
Ml ville Township, where he has held manj' 
offices of trust and responsibilitj-. He is possessed 
of more than ordinar}' intelligence, and is one of 
those stirring, energetic characters who prefer a 
life of activity to one of indolence. He started in 
life poor in purse, and by a course of economy and 
prudence laid the foundations for a snug fortune 
and enough to ensure him against want in his de- 
clining years. He established his present busi- 

ness several j'ears ago, and at the same time has 
carried on his farm of 190 acres, a valuable piece 
of property lying adjacent to the town limits. 

Jefferson County, Ohio, is the native place of 
our subject, and the date of his birth May 25, 
1838. His father, William Dickey, was a native 
of Pennsylvania, whence he emigrated to Ohio 
when a j'oung man, settling in Jefferson County. 
Later he removed to Coshocton County, where his 
death took place about 1877 at the age of seventy- 
five years. He was a farmer, merchant and car- 
penter combined, and although never becoming 
wealthy, accumulated sufficient to keep him in com- 
fort during his old age. He liad served in the War 
of 1812 during his younger years and was Justice 
of the Peace for a long period. Religiously he 
belonged to the Associate Reformed Church. 

Mrs. Elizabeth (Beaston) Dickej', the mother of 
our subject, was born in Baltimore, Md., and died 
in 1867 at the age of fifty-five years. The paren- 
tal household included ten children, seven of whom 
are living. Joseph C, when quite young removed 
with his parents from Ohio to Ft. Wayne, Ind., 
where he learned blacksmithing and worked at his 
trade twenty years. Soon after the outbreak of 
the rebellion he enlisted in April, 1861, in Com- 
pany F, 12th Indiana Infantry, with which he 
served one year and was then made a member of 
Company D, 129th Infantry-. Shortly afterward 
he was promoted to First Lieutenant and two 
years later was tendered a captain's commission, 
with which rank he served until the close of the 

Mr. Dickej' followed the fortunes of his com- 
rades in the camp and on the field, and participated 
in many of the important battles of the war, among 
them that of Winchester, Va., and was at the bat- 
tle of Resaca, Buzzard Roost, Kenesaw Mountain. 
Peach Creek, Good Hope Church, Jonesborough, 
.nil through the Georgia campaign, being at Frank- 
fort and Nashville, and Kingston, North Carolina, 
and in other minor engagements and skirmishes. 
He was captured near Harper's 'Ferry in 1861 and 
confined in Libby and Salisburj' prisons for a 
period of seven months, being then paroled, then 
enlisted in the 129th Indiana and continued till 
the close of the war. He was mustered out of the 

-^,1 » -^fe^M^ gaai^ yM-vAi«-«S»,S«y,rf&^'fe~^.. 

Residence OF Godfrey Lodholz ,Sec. 26. Richland Township 

Residence OF David Heisse,5ec.2. Rock Township. 

Portrait and BioGRAPHtcAL album. 


service at Washington and leceived his honorable 
discharge. Then returning to Manchester, Ind., 
he sojonrned there until 1868, and that year came 
to this county. 

For a period of ten years thereafter Mr. Diclcej- 
worked at liis trade and in the meantime established 
himself in the esteem and confidence of his fellow- 
citizens. During the administration of President 
Garfield, he was appointed Postmaster of Water- 
ville and has served as Count}' Commissioner two 
terms. He was at one time Clerk of the School 
Board two terms, and served as Mayor one term 
and member of City Council two terms. In Ma- 
sonry he has attained to the Royal Arch degree. 
He is also identified with the G. A. R. and the 
A.O.U.W. In politics he uniformly supports the 
principles of the Republican party. 

Our subject was married in 1863 to Miss Cathe- 
rine, daugliter of Lewis M. Stewart, of South 
Whitley, Ind. The three children born of this 
union were named respectivelj', William L., who 
is in Kansas City, working at the tinsmith business; 
Ray and Daisy are at home. 

^^ ,^i^ 5- 

|TP^,OBERT W. SMITH. For a period of 
'L^ of twenty -three years Mr. Smith has wit- 
(ii\V nessed the growth and development of 
\^ Northern Kansas, and has been no idle wit- 
ness of the changes which have transformed the 
wide frontier into the abode of a civilized and in- 
telligent people. There is no individual without 
an influence, wherever he may be; he is either as- 
sisting in the general advancement of his commu- 
nity, or retarding its best interests by his lack of 
enterprise. Mr. Smith most decidedly belongs to 
the former class, having contributed in a marked 
degree to the development of Marshall County. 

A pioneer of 1866, Mr. Smith emigrated to this 
region in the fall of that 3'ear, and settled in Clear 
Fork Township, of which he has since been a 
resident. His native place was in Armstrong 
County, Pa., and he was born Dec. 30, 1838. His 
parents were Robert and Sarah (Wray) Smith, the 
former likewise a native of the Keystone State, and 

the paternal grandfather was born in Ireland. On 
his mother's side Grandfather Wray is supposed to 
be of Scotch-Irish origin. Robert SV., our subject, 
was the second child of his parents, and spent his 
lioyhood and youth at the homestead in his native 
county, where his father owned a farm, although 
he was likewise engaged in mercantile pursuits, 
having his business at Elder's Ridge. 

Young Smith pursued his earl}- studies in the 
common schools and completed them in the acad- 
emy at Elder's Ridge, and afterward for a time of- 
ficiated as clerk in his father's store. Naturall}- 
intelligent and observing, he has alwaj-s kept him- 
self posted upon matters of general interest, and 
has qualified himself for the transaction of all 
ordinary business. After about six months spent 
in general merchandising on his own account at 
lilder's Ridge, he, in the spring of 1860, decided 
to cast his lot with the pioneers of Northern Kan- 
sas. He accordinglj' packed up his stock of goods, 
and crossing the Mississippi, established himself as 
a general merchant at Barrett, where he carried on 
business for nearly two years. Barrett at that 
time consisted only of a corn and sawmill com- 
bined, and, as may be supposed, there was little 
call for his merchandise. He accordingly com- 
menced the freighting of goods between important 
points in the West, and in the pursuance of this 
business traveled over the Rocky Mountains, being 
thus engaged until the fall of 1866. He then es- 
tablished himself on a tract of land near Barrett, 
whence he removed to his present place in 1870. 
The country around was thinly settled, and the 
land which he acquired possession of was compara- 
tively witliout improvement. It has required the 
labor of years and the outlay of hundreds of dol- . 
lars to bring his farm to its present condition, 
provided, as it Is, with substantial buildings, and 
the land brought to a good state of cultivation. 
In addition to this propert}', Mr. Smith has a half 
interest in 647 acres in the county. 

Mr. Smith came to this region a single man, and 
here found a wife and helpmate, being married in 
September, 1867, to Miss Henrietta Edgar. This 
lady was a native of Knox County, III., whence 
she came to Kansas with her parents, in 1860, the 
same vear as her husbami. To them have been 



born six children, viz: Harry, William F., Sarah, 
James, Edgar and Robert. Mr. Smith, politically, 
votes tlie straight Republican ticket, and, as one 
of the pioneers of the county, is prominently iden- 
tified with the Old Settlers' Association. 

Mrs. Smith was born in Knox County, III., 
March 5, 1841, and is the daughter of Thomas and 
Martlia Edgar, both of whom were natives of 
Kentucky. She lived there with them until a 
youns lady of nineteen years, and then came to 
this county. The parental family consisted of 
seven children, five of whom are living: Mary, 
Mrs. Hopkins, a widow; Henrietta, Mrs. Smith; 
Jane, the wife of James Smith, of Topeka; Will- 
iam, and Eebccca, Mrs. Frederick Brown, of this 
county. The father of Mrs. Smith settled in Clear 
Fork Township, improving a farm, where he spent 
the remainder of his days, passing away in 1885; 
the mother is living at the old home in this ton-n- 

"\fl OHX JOERG. Among the many elements 
which tend to the prosperity of our land, 
the vigor and energ}' of her German citi- 
zens have borne a prominent part. A fine 
exanii)le of these qualities is found in tlie subject 
of our sketch. Mr. Joerg was born in Kreuznach, 
Germany, April 27, 1849. When three years old his 
parents went to Milwaukee, Wis., where our sub 
ject grew up and obtained his education. 

John Joerg, Sr., the father of our subject, was a 
farmer, and during his later years he lived a retired 
life at Marysville. He died in 1884, aged seventj-- 
eight years. His wife was Miss Catherine Schild, 
who bore him six children, five of whom are now 
living. She now lives in this city, eighty-one 
years old. 

Until the age of eighteen our subject lived upon 
his father's farm, six miles south of Milwaukee. 
He then learned the carpenter's trade, at which 
he worked in Milwaukee for about six years. He 
then went to Chicago where he remained until 
1871, when coming to Kansas he continued at his 
trade at Blue Rapids for one year. Returning to 
Milwaukee he remained a year and in 1874 moved 

to Marysville, starting a steam furniture factory, 
the first ever here. He brought two car-loads of 
machiner3' and gave emplo3'ment to fifteen men. 
In this business he continued three years, when he 
sold out and engaged in other business. At one 
time he was contractor and builder, having con- 
tracts for building all the best houses in the town, 
putting up twenty-one. About 1884 he put up 
a good building and started a grocerj' store at 
the corner of Broadway and Sixth street, where he 
now has one of the largest groceries in tlie city, 
also carrying on general jobl)ing business in poul- 
try and eggs, buying as much as any man in the 
city of Marj'sville. Since quitting the furniture 
business Mr. Joerg has been a very successful bus- 
iness man, having added to the size of his grocery 
and building. He now owns four good buildings, 
three fine residences and other city propert3'. 

Our subject married Miss Agnes Rankseh, of this 
city, Dec. 13, 1875. They have three children, all 
living: Jennie Elinora, Albert John and Minda 
Katie, all of whom are at home and will receive 
good educations, and all the advantages for culture. 
Miss Rankseh was born in Pennsylvania, in 1855, 
and is the daughter of George Rankseh. who came 
to Marysville in 1871, and here died in June, 1889. 
The mother also died here. 

The subject of our sketch was one of the early 
and active members of St. Gregory's Catholic 
Church, and has been instrumental in bringing it 
up to its present high standing financially, being 
one of the building committee, and an earnest 
worker all of the time he has been here, as men- 
tioned in the sketch of the Rev. Father Schmickler 
and the Church. He votes the Democratic ticket, 
and, though not an office-seeker, is now serving his 
fourth term as Alderman of the third ward. 

LEE MILLER. A cursory view of the 
business portion of a town, gives the 
stranger a better idea of its prosperity than 
any other adjunct. So the visitor to Marj-svilie 
notes with surprise and pleasure the large number 
of business houses engaged in the successful pur- 



suit of their legitimate object. Prominent among 
these business houses is that of Mr. Miller, who oc- 
cupies a large store in the Koester Block, with a 
stock of drugs and stationer}', and every article 
that goes with the first-class prescription and gen- 
eral drug store. 

The father of our subject, Jotham P. Miller, was 
born in Westchester County, N. Y., near .Sing 
Sing, in the year 1818. There he passed his early 
life engaging in business in Sing Sing and New 
York City. About 1849 he came to Wisconsin, 
traveling by lake and settled in York, Dane Count}', 
where he took up a new farm. This farm he im- 
proved and on it he lived for many years, and at 
last retired to Columbus, Wis., and afterward came 
to Marysville, this county. 

Our subject was married to Miss Sarah M. John- 
son in 1849. He is the father of three children, 
all still living, our subject being the eldest. The 
second child, Joette, now Mrs. T. J. Morse, of Be- 
loit, Kan.; Alia, who is still at home. For many 
years before coming to Kansas he suffered with 
asthma, but is now a hale and hearty man. He 
belongs to the Republican party and is a member 
of the Masonic order, and of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. 

Mrs. Sarah M. (Johnson) Miller v\as born near 
Verona, Oneida Co., N. Y. When a young lady 
she, with her parents, moved to Dane County, Wis., 
where she lived until her marriage. She was the 
daughter of Elias O. and Phoeba Johnson. Our 
subject was born in Dane County, Wis., Dec. 22, 
1851. When he was six years old his father 
moved to Columbus, where he w(as educated. After 
leaving school he entered the drug store of Frank 
Huggins, remaining for three years. He then went 
to Sing Sing, N. Y., and for eight years was with 
an uncle who was in the drug business. He then 
came to Beloit, Kan., and established a drug store for 
himself, carrying on a successful business for two 
years. He then sold out and came to Marysville, 
and buying out a drug store which had been es- 
tablished three months, he has by strict business 
methods and an agreeable manner built up a pros- 
perous trade and a popular reputation. 

Mr. Miller was married at Albany, N. Y., in 
January, 1880, to Miss Stella Richtnieyer. The 

result of this union is one child — Earl. While re- 
siding in Beloit, Mr. Miller was elected Coroner of 
Mitchell County, but moved away before qualify- 
ing for the office. While not an active politician, 
he has accepted an opportunity to serve the city a.s 
member of the City Council, representing the 
Fourth Ward. He is a member of the Knights of 
Pythias, and a man very higlily spoken of, honest 
and honorable in all his transactions. 

^ OSEPH GORBUTT. Among those who took 
part in the labors incident to the opening 
up of Wells Township, and whose success is 
due wholly to their own unceasing industry 
and practical abilit}', is the gentleman above 
named, who owns and occupies a fine farm on sec- 
lioTis 14 and 15. His first settlement in Marshall 
County was made on section 14, where he home- 
steaded eighty acres of Government land. Deer, 
coyotes and other wild animals roamed over the 
prairies when he took possession of his claim. 
Their haunts have now become a highly productive 
and attractive estate. Since his first settlement, 
Mr. Gorbutt has added eighty acres by purchase of 
railroad lands, making his present acreage 160. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch was 
born in Woodford County, Ky., Jan. 10, 1836. 
He is a son of Joseph and Johann Gorbutt. The 
father was a native of Manchester, England, and 
the mother of Paisle}', Scotland. They emigrated 
to America when young, and finally married ;ind 
settled in the Blue Grass State, where the father 
died in 1869. The mother is now living in this 

Our subject was reared to manhood in his native 
county and received his education in the common 
schools, which at that time did not afford such ad- 
vantages as at present. His father being a woolen 
manufacturer, he was reared to that business, which 
he followed until about thirty-five years of age. 
In August, 1862, he enlisted in Company A, uLli 
Kentucky Confederate Cavalry, which was first at- 
tached to the command of Gen. A. Buford, and 
later was transferred to tliat of Gen. Morgan. Mr. 



Gorbutt participated iu tlie battles of Perrysville, 
Stone River, and uumerous others of minor im- 
portance. He took part in tlie celebrated Morgan 
Raid in Oliio, and vvitli the brigade was captured 
at Buffiiigton. He was confined at Camp Douglas, 
Ohio, for about eighteen months. Receiving a pa- 
role at the expiration of that time, he returned to 
Kentucky and resumed the duties of a civilian. 

On November, 1865. Mr. Gorbutt was united in 
marriage with Sallie W. Dougherty, who was a na- 
tive of Franklin County, Ky. The union has been 
blessed Iiy the birth of five children. Annie and 
Kittle are engaged in public school teaching, while 
"William J., Rose and .John still reside under the 
parental roof. In 1870 Mr. Gorbutt left his Ken- 
tucky home and settled in this countj'. He has 
not onh' shared in the privations of pioneer life, 
but has also suffered from the elements. During 
what is known as the "Irving cj'clone," that caused 
so much destruction a few years ago, Mr. Gorbutt 
lost all of his personal property, including house, 
barn, etc. This clean sweep put him at quite a 
disadvantage, but he has overcome his obstacles 
and now stands upon a firm financial basis. 

The gentleman of whom we write has served for 
several 3^ears as a member of the School Board of 
his district. He is a member of the Christian 
Church. In politics he is a stanch Democrat. As 
a man of upright character, and a citizen interested 
in the upbuilding of the locality where he has made 
his home, he merits and receives the respect of his 
fellow citizens. 

1^ Christian countenance of Mr. Williams is 
1*^ — ^ known to a large portion of the people of 
Noble Township, among whom he has sojourned 
pleasantly for many j'ears. His life career has 
been interesting and varied, during which he 
served as a soldier in the Union Army while the 
late Civil War was in progress, and endured more 
than the usual amount of hardship and privation, 
which resulted in permanent injury to a naturally 
robust constitution. He will not own. however, 

that he has ever regretted offering bis life to the 
service of his countr}-. which sacrifice he esteemed 
no more than his dutj-. He is a prominent figure 
in the G. A. R., and a very active member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. Providence has 
blessed him, finauciallj', and we find him pleasantly 
located on a good farm of 160 acres, occupjing 
the southwest quarter of section 23, in Noble 

A n.ative of thb Buckeye State, our subject was 
born at the modest homestead of his parents, near 
Adamsville, Muskingum County, Feb. 19, 1837. 
Tliree years later his parents removed to Hocking 
County, making the journey overland with a team. 
Elbridge was tiiere i eared to man's estate, receiv- 
ing three months' schooling each j-ear in the prim- 
itive log school house, which has been so often 
described in this volume. In the meantime he 
learned the arts of plowing, sowing and reaping, 
and chose farming for his vocation in life. He re- 
mained under the parental roof until reaching his 
majoritj', at which time his father gave him eighty 
acres of land. Upon this he went to work with the 
ambition inspired by ownership, put up a log house 
and iu due time installed within it a wife and help- 
mate. He was wedded in Hocking County, Aug. 
5, 1858, to Miss Rachel McKitrick, who was born 
in Vinton Count}-, Ohio. They lived upon this 
farm until August, 1862, when our subject laid 
aside his personal plans and interests and enlisted 
in Company G, 90th Ohio Infantry. He was 
mustered into service at Camp Chase, and soon ac- 
companied his regiment to the front. He partici- 
pated in the battles of Perryville, Stone River, 
Chickamauga, Chattanooga, and went with Sher- 
man on the march through Georgia. Later he was 
in the fight at Buzzards' Roost. Resaca, Dallas, 
Peach Tree Creek. Kenesaw Mountain, and in fact 
in most of the important battles of the war which 

Mr. Williams, although experiencing many hair- 
breadth escapes, was fortunately neither wounded 
or captured hy the enemy, and at the close of the 
war received his honorable discharge at Circleville, 
Ohio, after a service of nearly three years. Fre- 
quently in battle his clothes were perforated by 
bullets while his comrades were falling around him, 



and frequently he felt the wind from the balls as 
they rushed past his face. He was in sixteen reg- 
ulai- battles besides skirmishes, which were some- 
times equally dangerous. Upon retiring from the 
service he returned to his farm in Ohio, which had 
been managed by his vvife during his absence. He 
lived there until 1871, then selling out in the fall 
of that year, came with his family to this county 
and located where he now resides, purchasing a 
tract of wild land from the Chicago, Burlington & 
Union Pacific Railroad Companj', for $8.50 per 
acre. There were no improvements, and it is 
hardly necessary to say that in order to bring it to 
its present condition there has been expended a 
large amount of time, labor and hard cash. Mr. 
Williams broke the ground, fenced his fields, set 
out forest and fruit trees, erected the buildings and 
has now one of the most attractive homesteads in 
this region. He raises corn in large quantities and 
keeps considerable live stock, including cattle, 
draft horses and swine. He has been, since leaving 
the army, unfitted for manual labor, but his mind 
remains vigorous and unimpaired, and he has dis- 
charged the important duties of superintending his 
farm in a most admirable manner. 

Mr. and Mrs. Williams are the parents of two 
children onl3' — Lizzie and Clark. Their daughter 
is the wife of E. A. Coulter, a dairyman in Pawnee 
City, Neb. Clark remains with his parents at the 
homestead. It is hardly necessary to say that Mr. 
Williams is a warm adherent of the Republican 
party. He serves as School Director in his dis- 
trict and has been School Treasurer for two years; 
he is also Road Supervisor. He was one of the 
most efficient members of the building committee 
during the erection of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church edifice, and has officiated as Steward in the 

The father of our subject was Gurden D. Will- 
iams, a native of Muskingum County, Ohio, and 
the son of Jesse Williams, who wns born in Mary- 
land. The latter emigrated to Ohio during the 
earliest settlement of Muskingum County, where 
he entered land and cleared a farm of over 300 
acres. There he spent his last years, dying in the 
faith of the Bai>tist Church; he traced his ancestry 
to England. Gurden Williams was reared to man's 

estate in his native county, but in 1840 removed to 
Hocking County, Ohio, where he cleared a farm 
from the wilderness and became owner of 380 acres 
of land in the vicinit}- of Logan, Ohio, where he 
died Oct. 12, 1868, at the age of fifty -seven years. 
He was a Republican, politically, and a member of 
the Baptist Church 

Mrs. Charlotte (Williams) Williams, the mother 
of our subject, was the offspring of a different 
family from that of her husband, but supposed 
not to be related in any way. She was like 
wise a native of Maryland, born near Baltimore, 
and was the daughter of Stephen Williams, like- 
wise a native of that State and one of the earliest 
pioneers of Muskingum County, Ohio, where he 
died. Mrs. Williams departed this life in Hocking 
County, Ohio, in 1887, when nearly seventy-six 
years old. The seven children of the parental fam- 
ily', of whom our subject is the eldest, were named 
respectively: Elbridge G., Harriet and Jesse, who 
live in Hocking County, Ohio; Lucj^ Mrs. Hone, 
of Noble Township, this county; Caroline, of Ohio; 
Gurden and William; the two latter are deceased. 

fflOMAS J. PLUNKETT. This honored 
old pioneer ventured into the wilds of Kan- 
sas as early as the spring of 1 858. The ap- 
jiearanee of the country at that time can better be 
imagined than described. The settlers were few 
and far between, and the ground was mostly trod- 
den by wild animals. The outlook was certainly 
anything but prepossessing; but the men who came 
to this region at that time were possessed of more 
than ordinar3^ courage and were prepared for what- 
ever emergency might arise. Our subject was no 
exception to the rule, and "came to stay." 

Upon arriving in this county, Mr. Plunkett se- 
lected a piece of wild land and settled upon it. and 
here he has since remained. This preemption claim 
occupied the southeast quarter of section 8 in St. 
Bridget Township, and under the careful cultiva- 
tion of years has been made to assume a widely 
different appearance from that which it presented 



when the present proprietor first looked upon it. 
He has now brought the land to a state of good 
cultivation, and planted an abundance of fruit 
trees, including several orchards of apples, peaches, 
pears, cherries and the smaller fruits, of different 
varieties. Mr. Phinkett was prospered in his early 
efforts, being successful flnanciall.y. and has added 
to his real estate until he is now the owner of 400 
acres, all in a productive condition. In the early 
days there was not even grass upon the land. Now 
there is a rich growth of this green covering, under 
the trees and about the home. For many 3'ears 
the nearest market was at Marysville. In order to 
get grass for his live stock Mr. Plunkett was 
obliged to travel some distance to a slough. Now 
there is an abundance of this kind of feed growing 
of its own free will. One winter, a few years after 
his settlement here, the snow fell to such a depth 
that it covered a shed where Mr. Plunkett sheltered 
his calves, and he dug a tunnel through to them 
and led them out under the arch to water. Later 
he encountered the grasshopper plague, and in his 
own fields has seen them so thick that tiiey com- 
pletely covered the blades of corn upon which 
they would feed and leave not a vestige of when 
taking their leave. In this manner they would go 
through the whole field. 

Mr. Plunkett has been a witness of many won- 
derful changes since coming to this section of 
country, during which time occurred the Pike's 
Peak excitement, when on the trail just south of 
his home there passed hundreds of tean's in a single 
caravan, each usuallj- drawn by four 3'oke of oxen, 
and seeming to travel day and night. As settlers 
came in and it became necessary to establish lines 
and boundaries, and organize townships and school 
districts, Mr. Plunkett performed his share in the 
good work. He was one of tlie original founders 
of St. Bridget's Church, organized in 1859: he as- 
sisted in the erection of the ciuirch edifice, and has 
freel}' contributed in supporting the societj-. 

The subject of this sketch was born April 3, 
1829, ten miles from the city of Dublin. Ireland, 
and was there reared almost under the shadow of 
the famous College of Meynooth. four miles dis- 
tant, although he did not have the privilege of at- 
tending the institution. To this the British Gov- 

ernment contributed £30,000, and it arose to such 
importance that it is now named among the princi- 
pal educational institutions of the world. Many 
eminent men have been graduated from its halls, 
and taken high positions among the noted charac- 
ters of the nineteenth centur}'. 

The parents of our subject were Alexander and 
Bridget (Smith) Plunkett, natives of County 
Meath, Ireland, adjoining County Dublin. Their 
family consisted of six sons and four daughters. 
The father was a farmer bj' occupation and in 
moderate circumstances, but managed to give his 
children a fair education. One of his sons, James, 
was unusually bright, took readilj^ to his books 
and became a fine scholar. He emigrated to 
America, and settled in Cincinnati, Ohio, where 
he operated first as a stone mason and later as a 
contractor. Thomas J. Plunkett, our subject, left 
the old country when a young man and settled 
first in Connecticut. Later he, too, emigrated to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, where he lived several j-ears and 
occupied himself as a gardener. In that city he 
was married to Miss Marj', daughter of James 
Laird, an Irish gentleman who spent his entire life 
upon his native soil. The young people soon 
moved to Kentucky, and Mr. Plunkett was em- 
ployed in building stone fences. About 1857 he 
set out with his little family for the West, crossed 
the Mississippi, aud located in the vicinity of Da- 
venport, Iowa. This now flourishing city at that 
time consisted of one unfinished hotel. Mr. and 
Mrs. Plunkett were then the parents of one child. 
Upon leaving Davenport, thc'y sojourned in Leav- 
enworth City, this State, a short time and soon 
afterwards established themselves in this county, 
where they have since remained. 

Our subject and his estimable wife are now the 
parents of nine children, eigiit of whom were born 
in Kansas. Their eldest daughter, Mary Ann, 
(Mrs. Dyke) is married and the mother of three 
children; she lives in Wymore, Neb. Josephine 
obtained a thorough education and upon leaving 
school qualified herself as a teacher, but failing 
health compelled her to abandon this profession; 
she is now an invalid. John, Thomas, James and 
William, are at home with their parents. Maggie 
is the wife of Mr. McCafferty, of Wymore, Neb., 



where Mr. McCafferty is engaged as a painter; 
tliey have one child. Kate is tlie wife of Nichohis 
Ivi-ile3-, of Pawnee County, Net). ; thc\' live on a 
farm and have two children; Sarah is unmarried 
and remains at home with her parents. Our sub- 
ject, politicall}', is a Democrat and religiously is a 
member of the Catholic Ciuirch. 

bORATIO N. FARRAR. Among the many 
^ progressive and intelligent farmers of Mur- 
._^^ ray Township, none take higher rank than 
(^! the subject of this sketch, who is one of the 
old homesteaders of the county, having added to his 
original 160 acres another quaiter on section 5, and 
the same amount on section 8. all adjoining and 
making up a fine farm. 

Our subject was born in Madison County, Ohio, 
Dec. 30, 1841, and was reared and educated in his 
native count}-, receiving the best advantages af- 
forded there. He was of English descent, being 
the son of Henry Farrar, whose biography occu- 
pies another page in this work. When about twenty 
years of age our subject went to Kentucky, where 
he enlisted in the 1st Kentucky Infantry, his en- 
rollment taking place Feb. 9, 1862, at Bowling 
Green. Tlie regiment to which he belonged was 
organized in Ohio, but not being able to obtain a 
place in the army as an Ohio regiment, it trans- 
ferred its enrollment to the adjoining State, Ken- 
tucky. The regiment was under the command of 
Col. Eryant, and later of Col. Guthre}', and com- 
pany C, to which our subject belonged, was under 
the leadership of Capt. Ralph Hunt. Twenty- 
seven months after Mr. Farrar's enlistment bis regi- 
ment was discharged, the time of regimental 
enlistment having expired, and our subject served 
on detached duty for the succeeding nine months 
of his own term. While with his regiment he par- 
ticipated in the battle of Shiloh, being in the thick 
est of the fight, and receiving a flesh wound only, 
though twenty of his company were wounded and 
a number fell. His second engagement with the 
enemy was at Stone River. He also participated 
in the battles of Corinth and Chickamauga, in the 

latter of which he saw hot shot and cannister to his 
entire satisfaction. Mr. Farrar was a private dur- 
ing the entire term of service, and is justly proud 
of his military record in the ranks of those who 
bore the brunt of the great conflict. While on de- 
tached duty Mr. Farrar was for five months clerk 
of Union Prison No. 3, of Lexington, Ky., and 
there became familiarized with clerkly duties. At 
the expiration of his three years' service he re- 
ceived an honorable discharge, and returned to his 
home. After a short sojourn there he went to New 
York City, and for two years served as clerk for a 
stock man. He returned again to the Buckeye 
State, in which sometime later he was married to 
Miss Martha Minter. 

In 1870 Mr. Farrar came to this State and took 
up a soldier's claim on the fractional part of Mur- 
ray Township. At that time much of the town- 
ship was unbroken. There was no post-offlce or 
marketing place nearer than Frankfort. Mr. Far- 
rar was a poor man when he came to tiie county. 
and endured many hardships in the improvement 
of his homestead. Undiscouraged by tiiem he 
labored on, and being energetic, economical and 
industrious he has succeeded, and now owns one of 
the most highly cultivated and attractive farms in 
the county. Since his marriage he has found an 
able second in his wife, who is a very smart, active 
and intelligent lady. 

Mrs. Farrar was born in Adams Count}', Pa., 
April 19, 1850, being the daughter of Samuel and 
and Mary (Hutchinson) Minter, both natives of 
Pennsylvania, where they were reared, educated 
and married. Her father, Samuel Minter, was of 
German extraction, and her mother a native of 
New Jersey, and of New England parentage. The 
daughter, Mrs. Farrar, was but a small child when 
her parents moved to Salem, Ohio, where they lived 
for some years, from thence removing to London, 
Madison Co., Ohio, where the father died in 1862, 
at the age of forty-six. The mother survived him 
until 1871, when she died at the age of forty. Mr. 
Minter was a stonemason, and a very skillful work- 
man. Both he and his wife were, in their latter 
years, members of the Presbyterian Church. Their 
family consisted of two sons and two daughters, of 
whom one son, Oscar, died at the age of twenty- 



two. The other son, Charles S. Minter, is with his 
wife residing at Covtez. Col., where he follows the 
trade of a blacksmith. One daughter, Flora, is now 
a teacher in the public schools of Lancaster, Ohio, 
being tiie widow of T. V. Clover. Mrs. Farrar re- 
ceived the best of training in her earlj- }'ears. She 
was educated in London.Ohio, and became a teacher, 
ranking high in her profession. She is the mother 
of eleven bright and interesting children, named 
respective!}-: Robert K., Edwin O., Neil, Pearl, 
Flora, Minter, Lena, Henry H., Homer T.,Dale and 
Georgie, all of whom still cluster about the home 

Mr. and Mrs. Farrar are worthy members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, in which Mr. Farrar 
has held official place. He is a member of Axtell 
Post, No. 252 G. A. R. He is a stanch Republican, 
and takes an active interest in local politics, though 
not in an office-seeking capacit}\ He is warmly 
interested in educational affairs, as is his wife, who 
occupies a position upon the School Board, where 
she exhibits excellent judgment in her decisions. 

'S^ DGAR R. FULTON has been prominently 
li^ connected with the First National Bank of 
/i' — ^ Marysville, since its establishment in 1882, 
occupying with ability the important position of 
cashier. He became a resident of Marysville, in Jul}-, 
1882. The above mentioned bank was organized 
August 1, 1882, and succeeded to the business of 
the Marshall County Bank. The doors were opened 
Oct. 15, 1882, with the following officers: M. S. 
Smalley, President; S. A. Fulton, subsequently be- 
came President: Perry Hutchinson, Vice-president; 
E. R. Fulton, cashier. They commenced business 
with a capital of 850,000, now increased to $75,000, 
and are doing well, having met with uniform and 
unvarying success. 

Born in Clearfield County, P.a., Feb. 10, 1856. 
Mr. Fulton there lived durfng the days of his bo}-- 
liood, and received a good, practical education, 
becoming well fitted for the responsibilities of an 
active life. At the age of seventeen j-ears, he fol- 
lowed the march of human progress Westward, and 

located at Falls City, Neb. While residing in 
Falls City, he read law in the office of his brother 
S. A. F'ulton. Subsequently he was graduated in 
the class of '77, from the Law Department of the 
University of Iowa, and commenced the practice 
of his profession in Western Kansas, locating in 
Hodgeman County, where he was a successful attor- 
ney for some time. Since he eng.aged in banking, 
he has quit the practice of law. 

The 20th day of May, 1885, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Jennie A. Schmidt, a daughter 
of Frank Schmidt, a banker of this citj^, whose 
sketch also appears in this volume. Two bright 
and interesting children have come to bless the 
home circle, a son, Edgar R., Jr., and a daughter, 
Jennie L. Mr. and Mrs. Fulton are members of 
the Presbyterian Church. Mr. Fulton is also iden- 
tified with the Masonic fraternity, having passed 
the chapter degrees. Politically, he is strongly in 
sympathy with the Republican party, and votes 
that ticket. 

Moses Fulton, the father of him whose life re- 
view is thus recorded, was born in Clearfield Count}^ 
Pa., on the same farm where our subject first saw 
the light. There the father lived and died. He 
was born in 1812, and passed to rest May 25, 1805. 
His wife, the mother of Edgar R., was Miss Annie 
H. Caldwell, who became the mother of eight chil- 
dren, two of whom, our subject and his brother 
S. A. are residents of this county. Both of these 
gentlemen have identified themselves with the most 
important matters pertaining to their communit}^, 
and enjoy tlie respect of all who know them. 

OLOMON L. DOTSON. The name of this 
gentleman is familiar to the older residents 
of this count}', as one of those who located 
on the banks of the Vermillion in the earlj' 
days, where he has some very rich bottom land, 
included in a well-regul.ated farm of 177 acres, Ij-ing 
on section 31, Rock Township. Before proceeding 
further with his personal historj- it may be inter- 
esting to mention those from whom he drew his 
origin. He comes of a good family, being the son 



of William Dotson, who was born in Virginia, and 
the grandson of Richard Dotson, likewise a native 
of the Old Dominion, and a farmer who, at an 
early date removed to Wood Count}^, W. Va., and 
opened uj) a farm in the wilderness. During his 
career he served as a soldier in the Revolutionarj' 
War, and also fought the French and Indians. He 
spent his last da\'s in Tyler County, Va., passing 
away at the ripe old age of one hundred and four 

The paternal great-grandfather of our subject 
was Solomon Dotson, a native of England, who 
emigrated to America during the Colonial times 
and established himself on a large tract of land in 
Ritchie Count3', W., Va., where he cleared a farm 
and remained upon it until his death when over 
ninetj--tliree years old. Politically, he was a Demo- 
crat, and religiously, an active member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. The maiden name 
of the mother of our subject was Mary A. Franks, 
a native of Virginia and a daughter of Henry 
Franks, who was also born there. He farmed along 
the Ohio River, in the western part of the Domin- 
ion, being among the first settlers of that region. 
He fought in the Indian War and was wounded. 
He became well-to-do, and spent his last years sur- 
rounded by all the comforts of life. The great- 
grandfather Frank was a native of Germany, and 
served as a Revolutionary soldier at the battle of 
Bunker Hill. The paternal great-great-grandfather 
was Hobbs Dotson, who was born in the Turkish 
Empire, and went to England with his parents, 
where he spent the remainder of his life. Tiie 
mother of Mr. Dotson died in Virginia at the age 
f>f eighty-seven years; she was a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 

Sixteen children completed the hoviseliold circle 
of William and Mary A. Dotson, seven of whom 
are deceased, namely: Emanuel, John, Nancy, 
Thomas, Betsey, Maria and Margaret. The sur- 
vivors are: Henry, a resident of Virginia: Lottie 
and William, also living there; Solomon L., our 
subject; Mary A., a resident of Belle Plain, Kan.; 
J. Cynthia; Eliza and Jane, of Virginia, and 
Squire, of Missouri. 

The subject of this sketch was born in what was 
then Wood, but is now Ritchie County, W. Va., 

near Maryetta, July 8, 1816, and there spent his 
early years upon the farm. He obtained a very 
limited education in the subscription school, dressed 
flax, hunted wild game, killed bears, wildcats and 
panthers, frequently fighting the bears with dogs, 
of which he had twenty-one at one time, and thus 
attained to man's estate. He then purchased 100 
acres of land, which he cleared and brought to a 
state of cultivation. He raised sheep to a great 
extent and lived in his native county until 186.5. 
Then selling out he removed to Adair County, Mo., 
where he purchased an improved farm of 120 acres 
and raised cattle and sheei). Aft r two years, 
however, he became dissatisfied, and changed his 
residence to Benton Count}', Iowa. Thence, in 
1868, he came to this count}-, secured eight}- acres 
of land in Clear Fork Township, and lived there 
about ten years. Indians and wild game were 
plentiful when he first settled there. In 1878 he 
sold out and purchased his present farm. The cy- 
clone of 1879 destroyed his orchard, his barn and 
a part of his house. The family sought shelter in 
the basement of the latter and were not seriously 
injured. He rebuilt as soon as possible, and has 
all modern improvements. He makes a specialty of 
graded cattle, a good quality of draft horses and 
full-blooded, Poland-China and Berkshire swine. 
Mr. Dotson was first married, in Harrison County, 
W. Va., in 1835, to Miss Orlindo Tucker, who was 
born there and died in the Old Dominion in 1863. 
Of this union there were eight children, of whom 
Serena, Betsey, Squire, Clarence and Cora are de- 
ceased. Eli is a resident of Nemeha County, Neb.; 
Columbus lives in Ringgold County,Iowa; Floyd is 
a resident of Pottowatamie County, Kan.; Clarence 
died in California, leaving one child, a daughter. 
Mabel. Eli, during the late Civil War, enlisted in 
1861, in the 14th Virginia Infantry and served un- 
til the close, suffering the horrors of imprisonment 
at Andersonville, and receiving a wound in the 
hand ; Squire was under Gen. Sherman in the 82d 
Ohio Infantry, enlisting in October, 1864. He 
died at Goldsboro, N. C. 

Our subject contracted a second marriage in 
Ritchie County, W. Va., with Miss Elizabeth West, 
who was born in Tyler County, tjiat State, and 
died in Clear Fork Township, this county, in 1876. 



The four children born of this union were; Jenisha, 
who married J. J. Tilley ; Yietta, the wife of James 
A. Barrett; Eveline, Mrs. W. Long, of Rock 
Township, this count}', and Porter, who remains at 
home with his father. Our subject was married the 
third time in Rock Township in 1878, to Mrs. 
Telitha (Cain) Trosper, a native of Kentucky, and 
who died at the homestead in Rock Township in 
March, 1880. 

The present wife of our subject, whom he mar- 
ried in Marysville, Oct. 25, 1886, was formerly 
Miss Carrie C. Clark, daughter of Daniel D. Clark, 
the latter a native of Sidney, Me The paternal 
grandfather of Mrs. Dotson was Samuel Clark, a 
native of England, who upon coming to America 
carried on farming in Maine and New Hampshire, 
dying in the latter State. The great-grandfather 
was closely allied to the nobility and died in En- 
gland. Daniel D. Clark was born Jan. 3, 1805, and 
was reared to man's estate in Maine, whence he re- 
moved with the family to New Hampshire, and 
engaged as a stone and marble cutter, in which he 
became an expert. He also worked as a cooper, 
and died in New Hampshire in 1882, whensevent}'- 
eight years old. He was first a Whig and then a 
Republican, and a member of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church until during his latter years, when he 
became a Second Adventist. 

The maiden name of the mother of Mrs. Dolson 
was Ljdia Quinby. She was born in Sandwich, 
N. H., and died in Concord, that State, in 1887 
when eighty- one j'ears old. Her father was of En- 
glish descent and spent his last years in Concord, 
N. H. Mrs. Dotson was the sixth in a family of 
eleven children, of whom Charles C, Mary A., 
Olive A. and Fanny A. are decased. Esther G., 
Mrs. Curtis, is a resident of Concord, N. H. ; Laura 
J., Mrs. Turner, lives in Iowa Count}'; Samuel F. 
resides in Michigan; Lucinda H., Mrs. Gross, lives 
in Beverly, Mass. ; Sarah E., Mrs. Cook, is a resi- 
dent of Concord, N. H., where Daniel G. also lives. 

Charles C. Clark during the Civil War enlisted, 
in 1861, in the 2d New Hampshire Infantry, was 
captured by the rebels and confined in Anderson- 
ville prison, finally being exchanged when the war 
was over. He was nearly dead then, and was not 
found by his friends until the fall of 1866, when 

he was sent home from Annapolis (Md) Hospital. 
He died the following year. Another brother. 
Samuel F., enlisted in the 6th Wisconsin Battery, 
and was given a Captain's commission, sewing 
from 1861 until the close of the war. 

Mrs. Carrie C. Dotson was born Jan. 6, 1837, in 
Concord, N. H., and was first married there, Aug. 
14, 1853, to John D. Heath. Mr. Heath was like- 
wise a native of Concord, and a cabinet-maker by 
trade; he died in 1856. Mrs. Heath subsequently 
removed to Columbia County, Wis., where she en- 
gaged as a seamstress and remained until 1866. 
Thence she removed to Chicago, and from there 
in February, 1885, to Beattie, this county, and be- 
came the owner of a good property, which she 
occupied until her marriage to our subject. She 
has one son, Charles A. Heath. 

Mrs. Dotson, while in Wisconsin made her home 
with an uncle, Moses Smith, who had married one 
of her father's sisters. He became a true friend to 
the widow who was struggling to maintain herself 
and son. He is now an old man of seventy -six 
years, and is tenderly cared for by the lady whom 
he befriended in former years and with whom he 
makes his home. Mr. Smith was born in New 
Hampshire in 1812, and lived there until after his 
marriage, when he emigrated to Columbia County, 
Wis., and became the owner of a large farm. He 
also practiced as a veterinary surgeon, having been 
regularly graduated from a school of this profession 
at Portsmouth, Mass. From Columbia he removed 
to Sauk County, where he also became owner of a 
large farm, and was well-to-do when an unfortunate 
train of circumstances deprived him of his prop- 
erty and made of him a comparatively poor man. 
In 1872 he come to Jewell Couniy, this State, and 
homesteaded a tract of land near Omio, which he 
proved up and upon which he lived several years. 
He then disposed of the property and engaged as 
a bookkeeper in the coal mines at Omio until 1887, 
when at the solicitation of Mrs. Dotson he took up 
his abode with her, retiring from active labor. 
Mrs. Dotson affectionately speaks of him as her 
.adopted father, and always addresses him as '-Pap 
Smith." Mr. Smith has a remarkable memory and 
has seen many /ihanges during his long life, espec- 
iallv in the West. While in N^w England he 



freighted goods in New Hampshire before the 
liiiilding of a railroad, and had the pleasure of a 
ride on the first institution of this kind in tiie Old 
Granite State. Politically, he is a stanch Repub- 

RTHl'R H. NEAL. One of the most 
beautiful farms in Marshall County, is 
that owned and occupied by the above 
^J named gentleman. It is admirably lo- 

cated on section 4, Vermillion Township, on land 
sufficiently high to atlord a magnificent view to the 
east, south and west, and overlooking the city of 
Frankfort, which lies one mile south. The estate, 
though small, consisting of but eighty-four acres, is 
thoroughly cultivated, the fertile fields enclosed by 
neat hedge fences, and the orchard is one of the 
finest in the county. Mr. Neal lias made the 
raising of fine apples a speciality, and his orchard 
contains several hundred trees of the best varieties 
of that fruit. He also raises peaches, grapes and 
various small fruits. His display at the Frankfort 
Fair, Sept. 11 to 16, 1889, was one in which any 
fruit-grower would take great pride. Though the 
place is supplied with comfortable and adequate 
-buildings, our subject contemplates the erection of 
anew residence at an early da3'. Mr. Neal devotes 
his attention to general-farming, fruit and stock- 
raising. He is a breeder of Norman and Clj'des- 
dale liorses,and owns two very fine blooded stallions. 
"Beauty of the AYest" is a splendid imported Nor- 
man, and "Glasgow Bridge, Jr." a beautiful high- 
spirited animal of Clydesdale and Morgan blood. 
Our subject is the son of Arthur and Sarah 
(White) Neal and traces his ancestr}' to Irish stock. 
His father, and grandfather, John Neal, were na- 
tives of Virginia, from which State the grandfather 
removed into Indiana, while it was still a territory. 
The father was twice married, his first wife being 
Nancy C'onley, who bore liira seven children — 
Diana, Nancy, John, Harve}', Rebecca, Wesley and 
James. Diana is the wife of William Kennedy, a 
farmer residing in Missouri; Nancy was the wife 
of Fphraim Beasley, a farmer, she died in Logan, 
111., in 1856; John is a retired farmer, whose home 

is in Kearney, Neb., he married Mahala Mitchell, 
and has six children^now living; Harvey died at 
the age of twenty-three near Mitchell, Ind, he was 
unmarried; Rebeci a is the wife of Benjamin Pot- 
ter, a farmer of Center Township, their/amily con- 
sists of eight children. Wesley died in Indiana at 
the age of fifteen years, and James when about 
twelve years of age. The mother of our subject 
was twice married, her first husband being Benja- 
min Sutton, by whom she had two children. John 
W. Sutton, died April 12, 1889 at Lancaster. 
Schuyler Co., Mo. He a railroad engineer, 
and during the later years of his life followed 
farming. He had been twice married. His first 
wife was Nareissa Combs, ajul his second. Miss 
Mary Bailey. Rachael lives in Denver, Col., and 
is the widow of Elisha E. Allen, a cabinet-maker, 
she has two children. 

The marriage of our subject's father and mother 
resulted in the birth of five children— Anna, Emily, 
Arthur H., Maria and Clara,] Anna was the wife of 
Frank Clutter, a brick-layer. She died at Mt. Vei-- 
non. 111., when thirty-five years of age, leaving 
four children; Emily married Robert Wild, a com- 
mercial traveller, whose home is in Atlanta, Ga.; 
Maria is the wife of William Hutchinson, a me- 
chanic at the. same place, she has four children; 
Clara is the wife of James Robinson, of Atlanta. 
who died in 1885, leaving her with one child to 
mourn his loss. 

Arthur H. Neal was born in Lawrence County, 
Ind., Oct. 23, 1844. He was reared on a farm and 
received a good common-school education. The 
excitement attending the breaking out of the 
Civil War, gave rise in the Hoosier State to a mar- 
tial spirit among the very young, and hundreds of 
her youths gave their flesh, blood and growing 
energies to the cause of the Union. Among these 
t)atriotic sons of Indiana was our subject, who at 
the early age of seventeen, enlisted in the Northern 
army. He was enrolled in 1861 as a member of 
the 50th Indiana Infantry, serving under Gen. A. 
J. Smith. Among the more prominent engage- 
ments in which he took part were Mumfordsville, 
Ky., Bowling Green, Parker's Crossroads, Little 
Rock, Mobile, Ft. Blakely, Spanish Fort and Nash- 
ville. He was one of the number sent to the relief 



of Gen. Banks in bis Red River expedition. During 
the engagement at Saline River, Ark. lie was 
wounded in the left shoulder, and for four mouths 
was unfit for duty. At the expiration of his term 
of service he re-enlisted, and as veteran was trans- 
ferred to the o2d Indiana Infantry. After years of 
gallant service he was honorablj' discharged Oct. 
23, 1865. Upon leaving the army he engaged 
in farming near Richland County, 111., and was 
for three years a renter of land. 

On Sept. 30, 1866, our subject celebrated his 
marriage to Harriet Mayden, an intelligent and 
agreeable young lady in whom he found a fitting 
companion. She was a native of the Hoosier 
State, and the daughter of William and Catherine 
Maydon, former residents of Tennessee. Five chil- 
dren have been the result of this marriage — Minnie, 
Charles, Emma, Irena and Lillian. The latter 
died in infancy; Emma, the third daughter, is a 
public school teacher, and was an attendant of the 
late session of the Marshall County Normal Insti- 
tute. All have received, or are receiving an excel- 
lent English education. 

Mr. Neal is a stanch Republican and an active 
worker in the ranks of the parly. He has served 
as a delegate to the County Convention at various 
times. Both he, and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. He enters earnestly 
into the business which he has undertaken, and 
takes great pride and interest in carrying it to a 
successful end. He is a man of more than ordinary 
intelligence, of high principles, and is held in great 
esteem by his neighbors. 

^ ^-^ ^ 

'^Yj AMES W. NASH. This gentleman owns 
and occupies one of the most beautiful homes 
in Cottage Hill Township — a fine farm, un- 
der a thorough state of cultivation and im- 
proved with substantial modern buildings. It is 
devoted mainly to general agriculture, with a 
goodly assortment of live stock, and 3'ields to its 
proprietor each year considerably more than is 
necessary for his current expenses. ]\Ir. Nnsh was 
one of the earliest settlers of this region, and being 

a liberal and public-spirited, upright and 
honest, enjoys in a marked degree the esteem and 
confidence of his fellow-citizens. He has held 
some of the minor offices, but prefers to give his 
time and attention to his fanning interests. 

A native of Stark County Ohio, our subject was 
born Sept. 7, 1840, and is the son of David E. 
Nash, whose birth took place in 1813. The latter 
settled in Slark County, Ohio, during its pioneer 
days, but in 1842 pushed on further Westward into 
Elkhart County, Ind., where his death took place, 
March 21, 1845. He was a life-long farmer, and 
was a member in good standing of the Methodist 
Church. He married Miss .Judith Winder, who 
was born April 15, 1812, and was the daughter of 
James and Ann Winder. She departed this life 
March 4, 1856, in Elkhart County, Ind. 

To the parents of our subject there were born 
two children onl^', of whom James W. was the 
j^ounger. His sister, Maiy A., is now in Lenawa 
County, Mich. James was orphaned by the death 
of both parents when very young, and lived there- 
after in Indiana until a youth of fifteen years. 
He then spent one year in Pennsylvania, and from 
there emigrated to Bureau County, 111., of which 
he was a resident at the outbreak of the Civil War. 
Soon afterward he enlisted as a private in Company 
B, 52d Illinois Infantry, and served until April, 
1862, when he was obliged to accept his honora- 
ble discharge on account of disability, the result 
of hardship and privation. 

In 1 866 Mr. Nash came to this county and secured 
a tract of land on section 22, in Cottage Hill Town- 
ship, of which he has since been a resident. He 
broke the first sod within its limits, and endured 
all the hardships and privations of life on the 
frontier. He has been a member of the Republi- 
can party since its organization, and for many 
years a member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He also belongs to the G. A. R. 

On the 18th of January, 1863, our subject was 
united in marriage with Miss Emma A. Bole, of 
Elkhart County, Ind. Mrs. Nash was born July 
16, 1847, and is the daughter of Ebenezer B. and 
Phebe D. (Corpe) Bole, who were natives of New 
York, and are now deceased. Mr. and Mrs. Nash 
are the parents of eight children — Judith P., 



Henry D., Ira E., Mary L., Joseph, L'ene, Acldie 
and William. Judith is tlie wife of S. John Swan- 
son, a well-to-do farmer of Cottage Ilill Township, 
and they have one child, a daughter — Glad3's. Tiie 
rest of the children remain at home. 

jlW^ pastor of St. Gregory's Catholic Church. 
Ik- \V At an early period in tlie history of Marj-s- 
^^^ville tlie Catholic missionaries finding here 
Messrs. Joseph Ellenbecker, Jacob and Christian 
Mohibacher, Nick Koppes and J. P. Smith, with 
tlirm collected a small congregation, holding ser- 
vices in the school house. The first missionary 
piifst was Rev. Father A. M. Weikmann, who built 
a brick structure, which was sold by bis successor, 
who erected a frame cliurch near the depot, which 
liuiiding still stands and is owned I)y the Church. 
The first resident priest was Rev. A. M. Meili, who 
made preparation for building the present edifice. 
Rev. Father Hartman succeeding him, bnilt part of 
the foundation, whicli was finished by the subject 
of our sketch. The Bishop was here to laj- the 
corner-stone, and there was a grand celebiation of 
the occasion on the 9th of October, 1886. Our 
subject was sent here specially to finish the church. 
He has so far bnilt a fine structure to the first 
story, which is now roofed and in use, and expects 
to complete the edifice before long. It is a brick 
structure 50x105 feet, and from the foundation to 
the cross on the spire will be 140 feet, and when 
completed will be a splendid building, having two 
stories, the lower part to consist of chapel and 
school rooms, the second story for the church 
proper. So far it has cost $8,000, and to finish 
and furnish it when completed, it is estimated that 
about 120,000 will be required. The building is 
one of the finest architecturall}' designed churches 
in Northern Kansas, it having been planned by 
the architect Adolphus Uruiding, of Chicago. From 
a small beginning the Church has grown to a fine 
organization of from fifty to sixty active families, 
comprising a membership of 250 to 300. It now 
has a school attended by thirty-five children, un<ler 

the charge of a competent teacher, and the direct 
supervision of Rev. Father Schraickler. 

Prominent among the supporters of the Church 
are Joseph Ellenbecker, Jacob and Christian Mohr- 
baclier, Nick Koppes, J. P. Smith, Jacob Ring, 
John Tracy, John Joerg, Mr. Kohorst, P. Brenan, 
Mr. Wassenberg. Mr. Mentchen, and many others. 

Father Schmickler was born in the Rhine Prov- 
ince of Germany, April 7, 1858. He received a 
classical education at Nassau and studied philoso- 
phy at St. Trond, Belgium. Then volunteering at 
Cologne, he spent a year in tlie Prussian army. 
Returning to his books, he spent three years in the 
study of theology at Lou vain, Belgium. He was 
ordained at Roermond, Holland, after which he 
returned to Germany for four months, and thence 
came to America in October, 1884. He first 
located in Wilson County, Kan., being Pastor of 
St. Ignatius church at Neodesha. He was then 
appointed Priest at Marysville, in August, 1886, 
and has remained here since that time. 

\t OSEPH A. WILLIAMS. In the spring of 
1866, there started out from Buchanan 
County, Iowa. Mr. Williams with his wife 
((^jjf' and eight children for the wilds of Northern 
Kansas. His outfit consisted of two wagons and 
two span of horses, the vehicles loaded with the 
household utensils and a blacksniithing outfit with 
which the leader of the train proposed to fight his 
battles in the new countrj', and at the same time 
labor in the construction of a homestead. The 
little caravan arrived at their destination about ten 
days from the time of starting, in the meantime 
camping out wherever night overtook them and 
cooking b3' the wayside. 

Mr. Williams had visited this section a year 
previous and homesteaded eighty acres of wild 
land, occupying a portion of section 34, Wells 
Township, upon which not a furrow been 
turned, nor had there been any other attempt at 
improvement. The first business was to provide a 
shelter for the family and the next to provide for 
the wants of the household during the coming 


I'ORttlAlt AND felOGllAt»HlCAL ALBUM. 

winter by the way of provisions. After planting 
his garden he put in a crop of corn and wheat, 
commenced fencing his land and as the time passed 
on erecting the buildings most needed. The fol- 
lowing year he made still further progress and in 
due time was enabled to add to his landed posses- 
sions, so that he is now the owner of 200 acres, all 
of which has been brought to a good state of culti- 

Mr. Williams was not by any means exempt 
from the usual difficulties of life on the frontier, 
and suffered various losses by drouth, grasshoppers 
and chinch bugs, but talien altogether he cannot 
regret that he adhered to his first purpose of re- 
maining. The first dwelling was a small frame 
structure, 16 x 24 feet in dimensions, built of na- 
tive lumber — cottonwood, sycamore and burr 
oak — the principal part of which was hauled from 
Atchison. They occupied this a number of years 
and finally becoming desirous of a change, re- 
moved to Blue Rapids, where they lived two years. 
They then returned to the farm quite contented to 
remain. For several years Mr. Williams has been 
engaged in quarrying stone near Bigelow and 
usually gives employment to about fifteen men. 
In 1888 he put out about 10,000 feet of curbing, 
all of wliich was shipped to Kansas City. 

The subject of this notice was born in Guernsey 
County, Ohio, Aug. 18, 1826. His parents were 
Oliver and Dinah (McGrew) Williams, the former 
a native of Pennsylvania and born in 1804. His 
paternal grandfather had a half brother who served 
as a soldier in the Revolutionary War. Mrs. Dinah 
Williams was a native of New England and is now 
deceased. The father of our subject is still living 
and a resident of Iowa, and has arrived at the 
eighty-fifth year of his age. He was one of the 
earliest pioneers of Guernsey County, Ohio, to 
which he emigrated when a young man, before a 
wagon road had been laid out and when the coun- 
try was veritably a wilderness. He operated as a 
millwright and house carpenter during his early 
manhood and later learned blacksmithing. 

The subject of this sketch received a ver}- limited 
education in the pioneer schools of Ohio and for a 
time attended a select school. He studied his first 
lessons in a log school house with i)unchcon floor 

and slabs for seats and desks. Light was admitted 
through window panes of greased paper, and heat 
was furnished from a large fireplace extending 
across nearly one end of the building. Ihe smoke 
was coaxed up a chimney built outside of earth 
and sticks. Young Williams did not attend school 
after he was fourteen years old, being required 
thereafter to make himself useful on the farm. He 
began learning the blacksmith trade in 1840, which 
he has followed up to the present time, including 
his term of service in the arm}'. 

After the outbreak of the Civil War Mr. Will- 
iams enlisted Aug. 1, 1862, in the 27th Iowa In- 
fantry which was assigned to the 16th Corps, Army 
of the West, under command of Gen. A. J. Smith. 
Thej- were in detached service and Mr. Williams 
operated as a blacksmith. He enlisted at Dubuque 
as regimental blacksmith and finished up as fore- 
man at headquarters. He remained in the ranks 
until August, 1865, and then received his honora- 
ble discharge. 

In the meantime, while a resident of his native 
State Mr. Williams was married April 8, 1847, to 
Miss Mary A. Walters, who was born in Monroe 
County, Ohio, in 1828, and is the daughter of 
Samuel and Catherine Walters. To our subject 
and his estimable wife there has been born a large 
family of children, nine of whom are living, viz.: 
Clarissa, Mrs. Anton Weeks, of Xoble Township, 
this count}-; Olivia, the wife of AVilliara Greve, 
living near Los Angeles, Cal.; Alvaretta, Mrs. 
Peter Cline, of this county; Lovina, the wife of 
Martin Goldsberry of this county; Oliver, a resi- 
dent of Osborn County; Josiah. St. Clair, McGrew, 
and Hattie are at home with their parents. 

Mr. Williams has served as a School Director in 
his district a number of terms, but aside from this 
has invariably declined the responsibilities of office. 
He usually votes the straight Republican ticket 
aud has contributed his full share in developing 
the best interests of Marshall County. His integ- 
rity has never been questioned and both as a farmer 
and a citizen he occupies no secondary place in his 
community. Together with his estimable wife he 
has labored many years in the establishment of a 
home and the accumulation of a competence, and 
they are traveling down the hill together, feeling a 



degrt'e of satisfaction in the linowledgc of lives 
well spent, and reaping solace from the friends with 
whose esteem and confidence tiiey arc blest as a 
part of tiieir reward for well doing. 

• '^^l- 

iICHARD MORTO>'. The results of per- 
severance under difflcultics and adverse 
\\ circumstances, are admirably illustrated in 
^^the career of Mr. Morton, one of the early 
liomesteaders of Kansas, who came to the frontier 
during the time which tried men's souls. From a 
tract of wild, uncultivated land, he has constructed 
a valuable homestead, 160 acres in extent, and 
finel_y located on section 26, Rock Township. He 
has, in addition to this, eighty acres on section .35. 
The whole has been brought to a productive condi- 
tion, and the buildings of the home farm, although 
making no pretensions to elegance, are all that is 
required for the comfort and convenience of the 
family. In and around the dwelling are the evi- 
dences of refined taste, chiefly the result of the la- 
bors of Mrs. Morton, who is a very intelligent ladj-, 
and delights in beautifying her home. Their chil- 
dren have betn given the best advantages, and the 
family stands second to none within the limits of 
Rock Township. 

The subject of this sketch was born near Sea- 
forth, Huron Co., Canada, Dec. 13, 1840, and lived 
with his parents on a farm until a youth of sixteen 
years. He in the meantime received onlj' limited 
school advantages, and now, starting out for him- 
self, began an apprenticeship at the carpenter's 
trade, which he has since followed the greater part 
of the time, although likewise prosecuting agricul- 
tural pursuits. He proved handy with tools, and 
at an early age developed the business talents \vh:ch 
have been the secret of his success through life. 
At the age of nineteen he commenced as a builder 
and contractor, which he followed thereafter for a 
period of twelve years, in the meantime making his 
home with his parents. 

In the spring of 1869, Mr. Morton decided u|)on 
seeing something of the Great West, and journeyed 
across the Mississippi to Colorado. He sojourned 

in that region only a short time, then coming to 
this county, homesteaded eighty acres of his pre- 
sent farm, which has since been his abiding-place. 
For two years thereafter he worked principally as 
a carpenter, but in the meantime labored at the 
inii)rovement of his farm as he had opportunity. 
In 1871 he located upon it permanently, and grad- 
ually made farming his principal business, although 
doing carpenter work as opportunity permitted. 
He made very good headway until 1873, when a 
fire destroyed his buildings an