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Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent and 
Representative Citizens of the County, 










n 1924 L 



5HE greatest of English historians, M\caulay, and one of the most brilliant writers ol 
the present century, has said: '-The history of a country is best told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Poktiiait and Biogkaphical 
Album of tliis county has been prepared. Instead of going to musty records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industry, brought the county to a rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
struggles. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to au intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
industry and economy have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
advantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
influence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
many who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way,'' content 
to have it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's office and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their country'.s 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reio-ned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost ujjon those who follow after. 

Coming generations will appreciate this volume and preserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otherwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and the i)ublishers flatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. For this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few instances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 

Chicago, June, 1890 

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1885. ^^ } 













HE Father of our Country was 
■l born in AVestmorland Co., Va., 
'Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after lie left 
scliool, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spellins- v/as rather defective. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great iihysica. 
strength and development at an early age. He war> 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was eariy noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 
When George was r 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandontd. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 175 r, though only ig years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with tiie rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dirrwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia wa? 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of wliich the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was lielween 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and th.e journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occui)ied by Indians. The 

GEOJi( .' '■' ' ' ' ' '^ ff^^G TON. 

trip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he rctarnod in safety and furnished 
a full and useful reiwrt of his expedition. A regnnent 
of ^oo men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, i755. 1^"°^^" a,^ Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
»vere disabled early in the action, and ^Vasll1ngton 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says: "I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was leveling my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sovight promotion in the royal aimy, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesnc and the 
e.Kpulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
10 resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and im|X)rtant part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
-jf Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if iwssiiile. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
resjKjnsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
wlio was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under every possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 2:5, 1783, Washington, in 
a patting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately, to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

Ill February, 1789, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean ; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining yeais free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field iintil 
it was necessary. In the niidst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in his throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne with military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we se^ of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without being dull. 






; NS 





OHN ADAMS, the second 
_ President and the lirst Vice- 
' President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
Quincy),Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
..^ 1735- His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams, His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'sci-.ool of nffliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (i7'>5), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
*4on turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holdir.j, a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very populai 
throughout the Provmce, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himselt 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of nve 
appointed June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved tlie task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with th^ 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. " Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolurion was passed 
without one dissendng colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will he a memorable e[ioch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized with [wmp, shows. 



games, sixjrts, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuaiinatioiis 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think mc transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, althougii you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France, and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce, 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such pioposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
formed important commercial treaties. 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. yVdams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to goto England to drink the waters of 
Bath. \Vhilein England, still drooping anddesiiond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he innnediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,he made the trip. 
February 24, 1785, Congress apjMinted Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams fell that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
(lis own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President. Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected Prcsident,though not without muchopjx)sition. 
Serving in this office four years, he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his op]xinent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
[X)wer of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
class of atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation lietween these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, .'\dams at the head of the one whose syinpathies 
were with England and Jeff"erson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supjxjrting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly i)ilgrim?ge, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found hmiself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
DF.PENDENCE FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of July — God bless it — God lilessyou all." 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spiiit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his ])ortrait nianifest.s,was intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Tcfferson. 



f i_f ffl © M AS _ « FFE M S ® M3 

bum April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
well, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
ssiA Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
and splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences, that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most diiificult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls; and 

there was not to !)e found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continu«i in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England Jiad awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow 
Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, th3re 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, wliici- 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye^ 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Colonial Congress 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and ho 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. Tiiis com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Slierman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776, What must have been the of that 



jnan_what the emotions that swelled his breast— 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
Koverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did nootlier effort 
wf the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, i.s Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarieton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monlicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the Briribh troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. I, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, w'ith Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincii>led 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had lieen elected, he determined 
to retire from iwlitical life. For a period of nearly 
.jrty years, he had been condnually before the pub- 
lic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and resixjnsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and \x\>o\\ the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was i)rofnse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Independence^ 
great preparations were made in every pait of th<.' 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer, 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festiviries. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
d:iy, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on 'oeing told it was 
the third of July, he expres.;ed the earnest wish tha'. 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life! To die on that day,— the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day v/hich his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 
Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom ; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for the good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic ; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 

Tur ^•^v.• •.-■-■:'.• 

s -, 


^ <^ I . .^'^ (fc,-^^^/ ^'•'k. 


spri]ES npDisoi]. 

§) of the Constitution,' and fourth 
If President of the United States, 
was born March i6, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
June 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great republic were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
18 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, l)ut three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 177 i, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsr 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work of 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a nund 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Asseml)ly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those wlio had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his jjehalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Covernors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
mem'uer of the Council ; and their appreciation of his 



intclluclual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous [wsitions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent. than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to apjwint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. 'l"he delegates met at 
the time apix)inted. F-very Stale but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
l)resident of the convention ; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little ix)wer at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the jjeople of the United 
States, expounding tl^e principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
vienlatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable jxjwer of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a [wsition in the very i)eculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat ; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the i8th of June, 1812, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1813, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infan. 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
18 13, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metroiX)hs. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, i8i5,the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to liis beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 





AMES MONROE, tlie fifih 
,Presidcntof The United States, 
^!j was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his ed\ication at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia lo deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sutficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
t3nding with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 

for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited armyasitfied 
efore its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, iu the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a rewaid for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry ; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of jiromotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Steding. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Gerniantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as avolun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremitting energy for the public good, 



he was in the succeeding year chosen ■ a member of 
ilie Congress of llie United States. 
Deeply as Mr. Monroe felt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to tlie new Constitution, 
ihinking, with many others of the Republican party, 
'.hat it gave loo much power to the Central Government, 
•md not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
sujiporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoi)tion. In 1789, he became a member 
of tiie United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties wiiich divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little ]X)wer, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
.md were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
t!entral Government as that document could possibly 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of tiie nation. Two more lionest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building uj) this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, tiie com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light eipiilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
|Kiused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conllicl. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
thai', that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclam-ation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the iwlicy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Their united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
^vllich was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our ssamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Department 
were also jjut upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but liule opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. 

Ainong the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri ("oni promise, and the " Monroe doctrine.'" 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub- 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purpose of op]>ressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation Ijy European 
powers of an imfricndly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his fecond term Mr Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4II1 of July, 1831 

5. 5, Ai 





301)1] mw- jww- 

^ixth President of the United 
t''"Si;iies, was bora in the rural 
home of his honored father. 
John Adams, in Qaincy, Mass., 
~^, on the 1 1 th cf July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When Ijut 
eight years of age, he stood with 
-' his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his father for Europe, 
through a fleet 01 liostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
cou.-.try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
John Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to 3tudy; then accompained his father to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in .\msterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
yea's of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretaiy. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through .Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
his studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence. 

in the spring of 17S2, he accompanied liis father ic 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming actpiainLance 
with the most distinguished men on "tiie Continent- 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
liecame associated with the most illustrious nieii of 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. Aftj- 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, ana 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he nught be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he wrs ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and I'inckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
Great Britian. After thus spending a fortnight ir, 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal a.i 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Beiiin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While w.iiting he was married to ar. 
American lady to whom he had been jjreviously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughter 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in I ondon ; 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined. 



Hu reached Berlin with liis wile iii .Vovemljer, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the ijurix)ses of his mission, lie solicited his 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his exiierience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of tiiat body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of Eni;land, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these jxjints, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Qnincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All tiirough life the Bible constituted an importar.t 
jiart of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
ciiaplers every day. 

Oil the 4lh of March, 1S17, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1819, for the United States. On the 
i8tli of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams Ijiought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy .\dams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty-one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice l)y the people, the 
tpiestion went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. Tliere is nothing more disgraceful in 
•he past history of our country than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright; patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
hai)s, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
eady, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
[wrtentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination ; 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was coui[)lete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simi)lc faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the pra)er which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 21st of Februar)', 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is llie end of earth ;"then after a moment's 
pause he added, " I am content" Tliese were the 
last words of the grand "Old Man Ekxiuent." 



^^ ~-fy/>r'-.- ;^»V?:-'^'' . 



#.]|rp^tjpi,? ^jAfjji^f fr. 


seventh President of the 
United States, was born in 
Waxhaw settlement, N. C, 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty, 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

Thijjjrute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
dIow at the head of the helpless young jjrisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful 'p ohlaining their exchange, 

and took her sick boys home. After a long illnjsc 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways,s_nh as 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 17S8, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
witli the Sharp Knife. 

In 17 9 1, Mr., Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. 'l"he marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes- 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Oirkenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from each of the eleven 
counties, Andrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one member in. 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack-! 
son was chosen that meml)er. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 


ANDRE \V JACKSON., — a dislaiice of about eight luindred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic pirty. JefTerson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Juikson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
Second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last sjieech lo Congress. A commiilce drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
'did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve wlio voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that CJen. Washington's adminstralion had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 1812 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occui)ied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred uiwn him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
oflTered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid \V'ilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and afteradelay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomiilishing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions; and he became the most popular 
man in tlie State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of "Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhij) Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering uiKin a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
(isive action became necessary. Clen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and iniable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at FayettesviUe, .Mabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bendsof theTallaixMsa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Sirother. 
With an army of two thousand men, Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohoi)eka or 
Horse-shoe, on iho 27th of March. 1.S14. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

Tlie fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing iHitil dark, the battle raged. T!ie carnage was 
awful and revolting. .Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
jwwer of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with itsterriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

.This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in .\ugust, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault. The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest ret.ired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; ajjplauded by one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or. warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired lo the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life were that of a devoted Cliristian man. 

^ 7 2^ZJ>^ ^-i^J U^c^^^^z.^ 



eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
17S2. He died at the same 
[)lace, July 24, 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a plain granite sliaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
abont half way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
ixslitical and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biograjihy. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and e.xemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
ii;ending six years in an office in Ms native village, 

he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventli year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren v/as from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listenkig to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights; though at thai time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, th. 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in the 
cotirts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into tlie grave, tlie victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 181 2, Avhen thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and eave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1S15, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged us one of the most 
p. ominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 


ilie moral couia-c lu ,i-u.\ i.iai true democracy did 
nut require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
ihe vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with liis 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man widiout distinction, no one sliould be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some i)roperty interests in the welfare of the 

In 182 I he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
consi)icuous ijosition as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, Jolin Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
ihe Senate. He had been from tlie beginning a de- 
.ermined opposer of the .-Vdministration, adopting the 
■'State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorol 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether " 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
!t was supiwsed that no one knew so well as he how 
;o touch the secret spiings of action; how to pull all 
;he wires to put his machinery in motion ; and how to 
organize a iwlitical army which would, secretly and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results, liy 
these [Kjwers it is said that he outv/itted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

Wl\e;i .Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
apiK/inted Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
apwinted Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 

home, apparently untroubled ; was nominated Vice 
President in tlic i)lace of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson; and with smiles for all and 
fiowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to conllrm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
tive. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr, Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to apiwint a successor. " 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in 
volve tliis country in war witli England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re election. 

With tlie exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived ipiietly upon his estate until 
ilis death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugalliabits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
liatriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 184 1, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald^ 
he still exerted a powerful infiuence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoyir.g in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than lie had before 
ex])erienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 


/(J-. M)9a^^i 




SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, \\ as early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the jiatriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where lie graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
chen repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianshij) of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
having obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 

dent Washington. He was then but ig years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
[jointed Sccret.iry of the North-western Territorv. This 
Territory was ilien entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Cai)t. Harrison was chosen to fill that 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress ijito two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called " The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, wiiich 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap- 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsilile 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards Iiy Presi- 
dent Madison. 
When he began his adminstration there were but 

three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
• ... 

now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 

tumult of wealth and traffic. Oneof these settlements 

was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Ix)uisvillc; one at 

Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 


The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrisoi» 

reigned was filled with many tribes of Indian.s. Abou- 


the year 1806, two extraordin.iry lucr, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnesc tribe, rose among them. Or.e of 
these was called Teciiinseh, or " Tlie Crouching 
Panther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecuniseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresiglit and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the liighest eiitliusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whiles upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
anorator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

Hut the Prophet was not merely an orator : he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhiunan dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

(lov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 181 2, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired wliy Gov. Harrison was 
approaciiing them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations. Selecting a favorable sjjot for his night's en- 
campment, lie took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
uiX)n their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids l)y the emi)ers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
l!ie darkness, the Indians had crept as near as jjossi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation whicli superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, u|K)n the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
w.-ir-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
»as yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubtir.g a 
si)eedy and an entire victory. I5ut Gen. Harrison's 
lrooi>s stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
imtil day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing thf foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive, 
Tiie war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the con.flagra- 
tionof the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances. Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found e(iual to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re> 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a niemlier of 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In i8ig, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re-nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler forthe Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 


uR; I 





;| OHN TYLER, the tenth 
■ . I'residentof the United Stales. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was tlie favored child of af- 
fluence and high social jxa- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
not retained. AVhen but twenty-one vears of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and vi'armly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
imanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General '^iovcn- 

nient, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term h.- found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes. Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the piinciples of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
his profession. There was a rplit in the Democratic 


party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
lersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered comph- 
nients upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he remo\ ed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known tliat he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the Noith: but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time. President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus found himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his longlife he had been 
opposed to the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
•■istent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
n.ony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccommended a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incori)oration of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it wiili 
his veto. He nuaiiested, however, that he vvould 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately .^,ubmitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
Icis said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Uotts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabniet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. _ Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratie candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable lelief. His first wife. 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tylei was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. Witli sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war \vhich his own principles and 
lX)licy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, by 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 




;| AMESK. POLK, the eleventh 
i;^^ President of the United States, 
was born in Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C.,Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 
ents were Samuel and Jane 
(Knox) Polk, the former a son 
of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 
at the above place, as one of the 
first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1S06, with his wife 
and children, ai-.d soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk farnly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huls, 
and established their homes. In tlie 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. I lis 
mother was a superior woman, of strong comnicn 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

got a situation for liini 
to tit him for commercial 

l)eliind tiie 

sedentary life, 
counter, ho]jin 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at liis 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exem[)laty of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honors, be« 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at this 
time much iinpaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had [irobably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

i\Ir. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. Pie was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stuni]). 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial ard 


:ourterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
natu'-e in the jo) s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1S39, he was con- 
tinuec* in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he s|K)ke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, 1 839, look the oath of office at Nashville. In 1 84 1 , 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged tliat 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime. Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He \>'.is 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wa: 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation,' 
then of " invasion, ''was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v/as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1S49, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr, Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of tlie dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, i" the fifty-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 

i -"F -Sy' YORK 







^^ACHAI^f ?AflB 

President of the United States, 
^ was born on the 24th of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Ya. His 
father, Colonel Taylor, was 
\1 ■- -O.V.J'!'. i7 a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father withliis 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentuck)', where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. In this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. \Vhen six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
father remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 1 8 12, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
led by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

fifty men, many of 

company of infantry numbering 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and \\\ large numbers, moved upon the fort. Tlic.r 
apijroach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would conie to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the slate of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disaiipeared. the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until si.x o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every ix)int, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTaylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 


tellectiuil stimulus. Thus with him the uneveinuil 
yean: rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenly-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
hac' promised they should do. The services rendered 
he:e secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc ,he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 183S, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen'. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
£.nd was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west, This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
.\labama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imixjsed uiion him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
I'.ilma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Me.xicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Biiena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
• implicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
\.\\^ sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

TU'j tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
■pread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
^Vhig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful [jopularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen toil; de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in |)olitics that, 
fnr forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long years in the public service found 
■ claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
l)ared such few communications as it was needful 
should be jiresented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and E.\-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial iX)sition, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. ^ The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy , expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

111 the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the glh of July, 1850. 
His last woids were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing. in the 
affections of the people; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom, he would not, to use his oft repeated jihrase, 
'touch with a pair of tongs.' 

".\ny allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In short, 
few nien have ever had a more comfortable, labor- 
saving contempt for Icornirg of every kind." 


ASTOh, ; 

TlLDfcN Ft 


tx^i^^ JcSu^uocnd 



I ->MlLLftRn FILLfflnHE--^ 


=i.'t) Iff <S^^ 



teenth President of the United 
M States, was born at Summer 
I Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the yth of January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
i-umstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, Ihough she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In conse([uence of the secluded lioaie and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
snd expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy ; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the tlien wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisiu'e moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something mare 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened tha". 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood cf ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge ^Va!ter 
Wood, — who was struck with the [jrepossessing ap- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed vv'ith his ability an. 1 
attainments that he advised him to abandon hi; 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his ow;-., 
r.o friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

Tliere is in many minds a strange delusion abou': 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hal! ■. 
tnd then enters a law ofllice, who is by no means as 



well [nupared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, daring 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1S23, when twenty-three years of age, he v/as 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peacefid region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in tlie year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she miglit be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of tlie 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sym[)athies were witli 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a heli)less minority in the 
Legislature, still the testimony comes from all parlies, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degri e the respect of his associates. 

In the autwnn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rej)- 
iitation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became, a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave him stiength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now pre|)ared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear uixm the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his iwpularily filled the State, and in the year 1S47, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comiitroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, tlie 
namesofZachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
thcinadequacyof all raeasuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmore's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for tlie Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, Init was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a rijje 
old a^e, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 








fourteenth President of the 
1^'"^ United States, was born in 
Hillsboiough, N. H., Nov. 
23, 1804. His father was a 
Revohitionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of infle.xible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncomproniis- 
Democrat. The mother of 
Frankhn Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the si.xth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught liim what was agreeable. Witliout de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to l)ooks, he was a good scholar ; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When si.Kteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most ]»pular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied: it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
\Voodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. Thi; 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
pohtical career into which Judge Woodbury was eri- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci • 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He coinnienced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with wliom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest meniberin 
the Senate. In the year 1834, he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with wliich her husband was honoied. Of the 



three sons who wc-tc hoin lu Un;in, all nuw bleep with 
tlieir parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in tlie army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R, I., on the 27th of May, 1S47. 
He took an im])ortant part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his liome in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval ; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a "Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom tliey could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the rath of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strengtli, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be- 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an "irrepressible conflict" between them, and that 
this Nation could not long e.xist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition nf affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He Continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of sufferingand want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 



J (3^^UO-/l^^/n.€^^i^?/^ 




■ »>» 



^1 AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
teenth President of the United 

States, was horn in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
y^^ eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
J nies, in Franklin Co., Penn., on 
-9 the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father stood was called Stony 
'' Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits risinc; 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Ehzabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantages. When James was eight years of age, his 
fatlier removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
courseof study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
jirogress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Caihsle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
«o study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

abled liim to master the most abstruse subjects willi 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of huv in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 181 2, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawjers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate ore of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachnnent. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
Daring the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1S31, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his jirofession, having ac- 
([uired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his elevation tolhe Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, AV'right ar.d Calhoun. He advocated the meas- 
ure* proposed by I'rcsident Jackson, of m;i;ng repn- 



sals ag.linsl France, lo ciiioicc ilie jnyinent of our 
Llaiuis against thai country ; and defended tliecourse 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of liis administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with He.iry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated e.xpunging 
from the journal of the Senate tiie vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly lie opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated tiiat they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no ixjwer to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan liecame Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Folk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to i)ear against the U'ilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1S50, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. lUichanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
veived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
vears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in (Kjlitical |)rinciples and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of tiie Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was ho[)eicssly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed i>rin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
lie could not, witliout perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominaled Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with tiiem, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
parly was such, that he had been willing to offer them 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As tht storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Bucharian avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im- 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed, " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel fiagvifas raised in Charleston ; Fort Sumpter 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized; our depots of military stores were [)lun- 
dered; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends canr.ot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the reijellioii. 
Hf died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 









' i ABRAHAM > ^| 



sixteenth President of the 
i?!lUnited States, was born in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
iSog. About the year 1780, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincohi left Virginia with liis 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily appro-ched liy 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, tlie 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth fo^-ever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
.ess, wandering boy, seeking woik. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
laborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buill a log- 
rabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die iri a hovel. 
"Ail that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son "I owe io my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Tndiar.a Where 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around hiui. He could not have had -.; 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughls 
into words. Lie also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly family 
was the usual lot of humanity. Thi^re were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
.Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and thei'' 
small lot of enclosed prairie [ilanted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and be< ame 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain ;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham woiked for a lime as a hirod laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat. 
In this he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfacticn to his employers. In this adve;)- 



tare his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his return they [ilaced a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointmenlof Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1S34 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
semljled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 Ihe great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr, Douglas, on the slavery cpiestion. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
slavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher |)ri/.e. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th of June, i860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. .\n immense building called "The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
urominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
and aslittledid he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix u[)on him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and wliich would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
cnly, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitution.illy elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that vas |K)ured u[)on this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 186 1, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stop\)ing in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was froughl 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States hud 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to" get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take liim from Harrisl'urg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected liour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent, any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those wliich fell to 
the lot of President "Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling liis own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo*h personal and national Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the. 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the tisie he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, jilans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would te present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witii his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will filly become a 
model. His name as the savi(n- of his country v'W 
live with that of \Vashinglop.'s, iis father; hiscn-.atry- 
men being unable to decide wlii. U is tl^e ureater. 





S£ VHNTJiEN i 11 rj^l'l-i/UEA T. 

ty teeiit 

ith President of the United 
'States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
^ the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
iost ais life while lierorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was ip. the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. .'Vndrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly appHed himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
leirned his letters. He then called upon the genile- to borrow the book of speeches. The owner, 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the boot 
but assisted hiui in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed or. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time a.^ he tould to 

He went to Tennessee in 1S26, and located a' 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pus 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which, 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-clabses, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature, 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 "stumped the State," advocating Martin Tan 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to thos^ 
of Gen. Harrison. In this camiiaign he acquired mucli 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these resjionsible jxjsi- 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abi". 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of ihe work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to treedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves," In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be p^irniitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the ""ree States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedof his lowly origin: 
o\i the contrary, he often took jiride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of i8l-j, ne 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
presidency. In 186 1, when the purpose of the Souti;- 
irn Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee h'aving seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established Ihe most stringent military rale. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter iiw;onsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the nof gm'l/y 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent';', 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the day s of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but passed away at 
2 A.M., July 31, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstrntion of respect. 


riLDfcN foun: 




eighteenth President of the 
Ununited States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
' home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Milicary Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
Joiid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and e.xasperating 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for tlie exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resacade la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the anin>-al, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
10 aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cuUiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, III. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
St.Tte in behalf of the Government. On the 15th of 



Jiine, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
Immediately made a Major-General, and the military 
district of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
andonened uj) the Mississippi froni Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed tc the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
.iiid enter upoi: '.'"^ duties of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
ihe army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
•ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation vvenf in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 



yi ^^U..£«^x>-V 





the nineteenth President of 
"the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
:^J2^ most three months after the 
'"^ death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 12S0, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned e.xtensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune ov;:r(aking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in 1600, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was. born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his li7e. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah hit, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turerof scythej at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
sonofEzekiel a;, d grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in .August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he establisiied a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1S13, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best fanilies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back ic 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. -Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a slock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons ine.xplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayts deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 221 1822, a victim of malaii,;i 
fever, less than three months before the birth of tli; 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had l>een a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this i)eriod was very weak, and the 



subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to Uve beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
qdiringfrom time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
finiihar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
l)oy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
nim, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You reed not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. " You 
"ait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in si'-ite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he went to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
fister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; b.;t he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, al the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thouias Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding liis opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
tlie Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
Admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, ac(]uiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his \>\o- 

In 1849 he moved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, liis progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a ]»werful influence upon his sul^se- 
(;uent life. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James VVcl)l), of 
Chilicothe; the othei was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members suck men as '^hief Justice Salmon P. Chase, 

Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon American woman 
hood. Tire Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulne:.s and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judg; of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office o! 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Co'jncil 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1 86 1, when the Rebellion broke out, he was a; 
the zenith of his professional life. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on F'ort Sumpter found him eager to take 10 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 7gth Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of .South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawdia division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgaliant and distii^guished services 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, "I 
shall never coine to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

I;-. 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon, ,\llen G. Thurman, a populai Democrat, 
lu 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

in 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was i:-. 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his adininvstration was an average on? 


_NO:* AND 





tietli President of the United 
States, was born Nov. ig, 
1831, i;i the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
eats were Abram and EUza 
'g (Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
'iM^\ lies well known in the early his- 
\K\, tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
I poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
..)S about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
,\/een the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
jard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
.:leared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
The household comprised the father and mother and 
heir four children — Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
'ames. In May, rS23, the father, from a cold con- 
. /acted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
diis time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, ])erhaps, can 
fell how much James was indebted to his biother's 
tcil and self sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
itrs live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
ihem. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anytliing that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he- 'Struggles to keep the little family to- 

gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neitlier did they 
ever forget him. ^ When in the highest stats of honor 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was 3ureof the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until hi 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtair 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting witli 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. Here- 
mained at this work but a short time when he wen': 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic I))Stitute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1S50, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to hel[) pay his way. 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above slated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion: 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and lite and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
jiy judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
■lis character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in wiiich ihey have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Ciiristianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
larian charity (or all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

iMr. Garfield was united in marriage witli Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
v'liom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
/jars later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
'cigs, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Lifantry, Aug. 
14,1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in acHon, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
'Humphrey M-'.rsl-all) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. Tiiis work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
l)efore, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with (ien. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in it;: operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof the 
General Court-Mariial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-|ohn 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the " Chief of Staff." 

The military fcJstory of Gen. Garfield closed ■■■■ith 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he woi.' 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Get? Garfield wai.. 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from liie 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for si.xty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha \Vhittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in thai 
body. Ther-^ he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of nis labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to which 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. tiarfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1S81, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Gaifield, and every 
day it grew in favo; with tlie peoijle, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. Wliile on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, l)ut in.licting nofarthet 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shut that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the peop"" 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit> 
ten on the briglitest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and ho|)e. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death, (ireat in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He ])assed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, fotnid guilt\' ;ind exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the fou; deed. 

PUBLIC! iP.R A '^' 


r^lr ©aiiOiSSli'JJ^^iS A« ^Mli'iHlJJla 



twenty-first Presi^'.^nt of the 
United States was born in 
w<Q.\\iis Franklin Com' ty, Vermont, on 
Lis the fifthofOc'obev, 1830, andis 
the oldest of a family of two 
sons and five daughters. His 
father was the Rev. Dr. William 
Ar'hur, a Baptist c',rgypian, who 
emigrated to tb'.s country fro'ii 
the county Ant.-im, Ireland, in 
')']!\ his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, in 
3 Yi Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 
^ ' long and successfid ministry. 
^^. Young Arthur was educated at 
J fi Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration cf that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his ;;ocket, 
W and ei>tered the office of ex-Judge 
^ E. D. Culver as student. After 
being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-male, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
m the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where tliey 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward nwrppd the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery lie displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthurs 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, Ihe famous Lemnion suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon- 
athan Lenimon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
wliich then v/ent to the Supreme Court of theUniteil 
States. Chailes O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but !:e too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of tlie black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 

1 lf^7«^ I 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge- Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed huii Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Insjiec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
]X)litics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 
ceed Tliomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
?o, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1 880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on tlic continent. It 
was composed of the 'sading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally (ien. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
■vas Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, 1881, as President and Vice-President. 
k few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to £.ssume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York. 
Sept. 20, t88i. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Underthese trying circumstances President 
.\rthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition cf 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would liave 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him tlie best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to tiic'ii and with crv'iit !- Iii^nsclf. 

■rvi ISF/'A' TOB.K 

PUBLIC r.r^^^>'P^^ 


/2-t^n:^/^ C/-C^uC^(lyi.^\^^(C 









' ooo 

LAND, the twenty- second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born 'in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
inflaeiice. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and iii two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
tliat his employers desired to retain him for an in. 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hiljit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
s'udies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
^^. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This even.t broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
isk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock- breeder of tliat place. The latter did not 
rpeak entliiisiastically. ' What is it you want to do, 
my boy.'" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
'aw," was the reply. "Good gracious!" remarked 
he old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got.'" 'Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 
an v.'' 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd- keeper, at $50 a 
year, wiiiic iic cuuld "look around." One day soon 
Afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bovven & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4. a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
rone — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
v. here they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
fircle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
W.1S enough to scare young Grovcr out of his plans ; 
but in due time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
e.\hibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
iKJssibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
t," was practically \\n motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
ex-cted v.-as that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishinent upon two 
criminals. In 1881 he elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, o\ the De-.nocratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain r-jfpraJs 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain langu:;ge in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time i'oi 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly staled. I regard it as tlie culmination of 
a raos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the peoplr, and to wors3 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Siin afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1882, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
It, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention af 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurir«an, etc.: and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief E.xecutive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, fi^ 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; .\ttorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controver'^y be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 






r •o*0"tgJ^J'<^'^Q)-o.JO" 

a, 5 


- '.-^ 
A , '^wenty-tliii'd President, is 

''%^ tlie descendant of one of the 
iiistoiical families of this 
country. The head of tlie 
"'kjSi faniiljf was a IMajoi- (ieneral 
.jpjia Harrison, one of O I i v e i- 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 
and fighters. In the zenit,hof Crom- 
''s povver it became the duty of this 
Harrison to participate m tlie trial of 
Charles I. and afterward to sign the 
death warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this witii his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, IGCO. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in history is Benja- 
r.:in 'larrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
fathe:- of the subject of this sketch, and 
after whom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a memljer of the Continental Congress during 
the years i774-5-G, and was one of the original 
.signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Gen William lleniy Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as n soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with -a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territor3', was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by death within one month after liis inauguration. 
President Harrison wap born at North Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. r^O, 1833. His life uplo 
tiie time of his graduation by the Miami Universit3^ 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
al)le to give him a good education, and nothmg 
more. He became engaged while at college to th3 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the study of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At Iht 
expiration of that time young Harrison receiv; d tt . 
only inheritance of his life; his aunt dying left liin. 
a lot valued at $800. He regarded this legac^^ as t 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, 'ak^ 
this money and go to some Eastern town an '. on- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the monej' in his pocket, he started out wit.; his 
young wife to fight for a place 'n the vvorkl. Me 


utlNjAMii*' iiAkuiSON. 

decided to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
liiat time a town of promise. He met with slight 
encouragement at first, making scarcely anything 
the first year. He vvorked diligently, applying him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
fession. He is the father of two children. 

Ill 18G0 Mr. Harrison was nominated for the 
positit>n of Sui)reme Court Reporter, and tlien be- 
gan Ills cxiierience as a stump speake: He can- 
vassed the .State thoroughl3-, and was elected by a 
hancisorae majority. In 18G2 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
out Col. Harrison employed all his time at first 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move toward the East 
with Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished iiirasclf, and for his bravery 
.it Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the most 
complimentary terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field 
he Supreme Cor.rt declared the oliice of the Su- 
preme Court Rei)orter vacant, and another person 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
ing Indiana with his regiment until the fall of 18G4 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having been 
nominated that year for the same ofHce, he got a 
thirtj'-d.ay leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another terra. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
man, but on the way was stricken down with scarlet 
jever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
incidents of the war. 

In 18G8Gen. Harrison declined :. re-election as 
reporter, and resumed the practice of law. In 187G 
ie was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
feated, the brilliant campaign he made won for him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
pecia"..y in the East, to make speeches. In 1880, 
as usual, he took an active part in the campaign, 
and wii^. elected to the United States Senate. Here 
he served six j'ears, and v;-m known as one of the 
ablest iiieu, best lawyers and strongest debaters in 

that body. With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our country. The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was great in every jjartic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughoivt the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
country societies, clubs and delegations journeyed 
thither to pay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
foremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On aeeouut of ins eloquence as a speaker and his 
power as a debater, he called ujion at an un- 
commonly early age to take part in the discussion 
of the great questions that then began to agitate 
the country. He was an uncompromising anti 
slaverj' man. and was matched against some of Ce 
most eminent Democratic speakers of his State. 
No man who felt tlie touch of his blade desired to 
bo pitted with him again. With all his eloq^'ence 
as an orator he never spoke for oratorical etfect. 
but his words always went like bullets to the mark 
He is purely American in his ideas and is a spier 
did t3pe of the American statesman. Gifted wifi-, 
quick percei)tion, a logical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is one of the most distinguished impromptu 
speakers in the Nation. Man3' of these speeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Manj- of his terse 
statements have already- become aphorisms. Origi- 
nal in thought, precise in logic, terse in statement, 
yet withal faultless in elociuenee, he is recognized as 
the sound statesman and brilliant orator o*^ the day 







- oc-x> 

• oi5o~ 

NSEL BRIOOS, (lie first 
J>'ciltlcin;iii cliiiscii Id lill (,lie 
li'ulioj'ii.'iXoi'iMl chair of Iowa 
after its organization as a 
;j^^= State, was a native of \vv- 
mont, and was horn Fel). 3, 
l^tOG. His parents, who likewise 
were New Engianders, were Ben- 
jamin and Electa lirigiis. The 
iKniiood of our subject was 
passed in his native State. and in at- 
tendance upon till' common schools 
he received a fair edncation wliieh 
was subsequently improved ])_y a 
term at Norwich Academy. When 
young man he removed with his 
))arents to ('ambridge, Guernsey Co., Ohio, where 
young Briggs cng.aged in the work of establishing 
.stage lines. lie also here embarked in political 
affairs and as .a Whig run for the office of County 
Auditor lint was defeated by John P'erguson, a 
.T.ickson l^i'inocrat. 

After remaining in Ohio for six years, the glow- 
ing accounts of the fair fields and t'.ie fertile iirairios 
of the Territorv of Iowa, led liini westwai'd across 
the Father of W.aters. lie had i)reviously united 
iiii= fortunes in life with Nancy M. Dunlap, daugh- 
ter <;f Major Dunhq), .in officer in the War of 1812. 
Even prior to tiiis m.arriage he had chosen a wife, 
a lady who was born on the same day and year as 
himself, but of whom he was soon bereft. lie 
Urought with him to Iowa hi.s little family and lo- 
tated at Andrew ;>. i-w.u^yn '".>iuit,v. SeeL"!? the 

opportunity here for resuming his former busine.s,s, 
he lieg.nn opening up stage lines, frequently driving 
tlie old stage coach himself. He made several con- 
tracts with the Postoflice Dcpartincnt for c:u-ryiug 
the United States mails weekly between l)ul)uque 
and Davenport, Dubuque .and Iowa City and other 
routes, thus opening up and cariying on a very ini- 
portant enterprise. l'oliticall_y, Oov. Briggs was a 
Democrat, and on coming to Iowa identified him- 
self with that party. In 1842 he was chosen a 
member of the Territorial House of Representatives 
from Jackson County, and subsequently was elected 
Sheriff of the s.ame county'. He had taken a lead- 
ing part in public affairs, and upon the formation of 
tlie State Government in ISIO, he became a prom- 
inent candidate for Governor, .and though his com- 
petitors in his own part}' w'erc distinguished and 
well-known citizens, Mr. Briggs received the nom- 
ination. The convention waj held in Iowa City, 
on Thursda}', Sept. 24, 184(1, and .assembled to 
nominate State officers and two Congressmen. Jt 
was called to order by F. D. IMills, of Des JMoines 
County. William Thompson, of Henry County, 
presided, and J. T. Fales, of Dubuque, Secre- 
tary. Tlio vote for Governor in the convention 
stood: Briggs, sixty-two; Jesse Williams, thirty- 
two, and Thompson, lliirty-one. The two 
Latter withdrew, .and Briggs was then chosen by ac- 
clamation. Elisha Cutler, Jr., of \':in Biiren Coun- 
ty, was nominated for Secretary of State; .Joseph 
T. Fales, of Linn, for Auditor, and Morgan Iveno, 
of .Johnson, for Treasurer. S. C. Hastings and 
Sheuerd Lettler were nomin;ited for Congress. Tue 



election was held Oct. 28, 1840. the entire Demo- 
cratic ticket being successful. Briggs received 
7,(;2G votes .and his competitor, Thomas McKnight, 
the Whig candidate, 7,379, giving Briggs a major- 
ity of 247. 

The principal question between the two leading 
parties, the Democratic and the Whig, at this period, 
was that of the banking system. It is related that 
I slun-t time prior to the meeting of the conven- 
Jion which nominated Mr. Briggs, that in offering 
I toast at a Ijanqnet, he struck the key-note which 
made him the jiopular man of the hour. He said, 
"No banks but earth and they well tilled." This 
was at once caught up liy liis party and it did more 
to secure him the nomination than anything else. 
His administration was one void of any special in- 
terest. He labored in harmonious accord with his 
party, yet frequently exhibited an independence of 
principle, characteristic of his nature. The Mis- 
souri boundary question which caused a great deal 
of excited controversy at this period, and even a 
determination to resort to arms, was handled liy 
him witli great ability. 

()u his election as Executive of the State, Gov. 
Briggs sold out his mail contract, but after the ex- 
piration of his term of service he continued his 
i-esidence in .Tackson County. In 1870 he removed 
to Council Bluffs. He had visited the western 
part of the State liefore the day of railroads in tliat 
section, making the trip liy carriage. On the occa- 
si(m he enrolled himself as one of the founders of 
the town of Florence on the Nebraska side of the 
river and six miles above Council Bluffs, and which 
for a time was a vigorous rival of Omaha. Dur- 
ing the mining excitement, in 1860, he made a trip 
to Cohjrado, and three years later, in company 
with his sou -bilui and a large party, went to 
Miintana, where lie remained until the year 

1865, when he returned to his home in Iowa. 

As above stated, Gov. Briggs was twice married, 
his first wife being his companion foi . brief time 
only. His second wife bore him eight children, all 
of whom died in infancy save two, and of these lat- 
ter, Ansel, Jr., died May 15, 1867, aged twenty- 
flve years. John S. Briggs, the only survivor of 
the family, is editor of the Idaho Herald, pulilished 
at Blackfoot, Idaho Territory. Mrs. Briggs died 
Dee. 30, 1847, while her husband was Governor of 
the State. She was a devoted Christian lady, a 
strict member of the Presbyterian Church, and a 
woman of strong domestic tastes. She was highly 
educated, and endowed by nature with that 
womanly tact and grace which enabled her toadijrn 
the high position her husband had attained. 
She dispensed a bounteous hospitality, though her 
home was in a log house, and was highly esteemed 
and admired by all who met her. 

Gov. Briggs went in and out among his people 
for many years after his retirement from the execu- 
tive office, and even after his return from theJMon 
tana expedition. He was admired for his able 
services rendered so unselfishly during the pioneer 
period of the now great and populous State. His 
last illness, ulceration of the stomach, was of In-ief 
duration, lasting only five weeks, indeed only three 
days before his death he was able to be out. His 
demise occurred at the residence of his son, John 
S. Briggs, in Omaha, Neb., at half-past three of the 
morning of May 5, 1881. His death was greatly 
mourned all over the State. Upon the following 
day. Gov. Gear issued a proclamation reciting his 
services to the State, ordering half -hour guns to be 
fired and the national flag on the State capitol to 
l)e put at half-mast during the day upon which 
tiie finieral was held, which was the following Sun- 
day succeeding his death. 








ond Governor of Iowa, is a 
native of Connecticut, where, 
at New London, he was born 
> Oct. 1, 1812. lie resided in 
that .State witli his parents 
until 1828, when the family 
came "West, locating upon a farm 
near Saint Louis. This was the 
home of 3'oung Stephen until 1 830, 
when he went to Galena, 111., where 
he served in the capacity of a clerk 
in a commission house for a time. 
He was there during the exciting 
l)criod of the Black Hawk troubles, 
:ind was an officer in an artillcr}' 
company which liad been organized for the protec- 
tion of (ialena. After the defeat of Black Hawk 
and the consequcMit termin.ition <if Indian troubles, 
he entered the Illinois College at .Jacksonville, 
where he remained for about two years. On ac- 
cour/: of ditticulties which he got into about 
sectri-iani.;,iri and abolitionism, he left the college 
anci returned to Missouri. He shortly afterward 
entered the office of Charles S. Hempstead, a jirom- 
inent lawyer of (ialena, and began the study of the 
pKufessiuu in which he afterward became quite pro- 

ficient. In 1836 he was admitted to practice in all 
the courts of the Territorj' of AVisconsin, which at 
the time embraced the Territory of Iowa, and the 
same year located at Dulniqne, Ijeing the first law- 
yer who began the practice of his profession at that 

As might be expected in a territory but thinly 
Ijopulated, but one which was rapidly settling up, 
the services of an able attorney would be in de- 
mand in order to draft the laws. Upon the organ- 
ization of the Territorial Govennnent of Iowa in 
1838, he was, with Gen. Warner Lewis, elected to 
represent the northern portion of the Territory in 
the Legislative Council, which assembled in Bur- 
lington that 3'ear. He was Chairman (if the Ccjm- 
mittee Judiciary, and at the second session <jf that 
body was elected its President. He was again 
elected a member of the Council, in 184;5, over 
which he also presided. In 1 844 he was elected 
one of the delegates of Duljuque Count}-, for the 
first convention to frame a constitution for the 
State. In 1848, in company with Judge Ciiarles 
Mason and W. G. \Voodward, he was appointed 
by the Legislature Commissioner to revise the laws 
of the State, which revision, w-ith a few amend- 
ments, was adopted as the code of Iowa in 1851. 

In 18o0 Mr. was elected CTOvei-uor of 



the State, and served with aijiiuy 
that being tlic full terra under the Constitution at 
the time. He received i;3,48G votes against 11,- 
403 cast for his c)pi3onent, .Tames L. Thompson. 
After the vote had been canvassed a committee 
was appointed to inform the (iovernor-elect that 
the two Houses of the Legislaluri' were read}' to re- 
ceive him in joint convention, in order that he 
might receive the oath i)rescribed b}' the Constitu- 
tion. Gov. Hempstead, accompanied by the retir- 
ing Executive, Gov. Briggs, the Judges of the Su- 
preme Court and the officers of State, entered the 
hall of the House where the Governor-elect deliv- 
ered his inaugural message, after which the oath 
was administered b_y the Chief .Justice of the Su- 
preme Court. This was an important period in llie 
history of the State, being at a time when the pub- 
lic affairs were assuming definite shape, and indeed 
it was what might be termed the formative period. 
The session of the Legislature passed many import- 
ant acts which were approved by the Governor, and 
during his term there were fifty-two new counties 
formed. Gov. Hempstead in his message to the 
Fourth General Assembly in December, 18.52, 
stated that among other things, the population of 
the State according to the Federal census was 1 92,- 
2 1 4, and that the State census showed an increase 
for one year of 37,78G. He also stated that there- 
sources of the State for the coming two years 
■would lie sufficient to cancel all that part of funded 
debt wliicfh was jiayable at its option. 

Among the numerous counties organized was (me 
'lamed Buncondie, which received its name in the 
ioUowing way : Tlu! Legislature was composed of a 
jirgc majority favoring stringent corporation laws 
and the lialiility of individual stockholders for cor- 
7)ara;3 debts. This sentiment, on account of the 
iigitiiti'jn of enterprises then being inaugu- 
'n.ted, brought a large numl)er of i)rominent men 
tO the cai)ital. To have an effect ui)(m the Legis- 
j.ture, they organized a " lobbj- I^egislature" .-nid 
;>.cteil as Governor, Verplank Van Antweip. who 
3elivc;od to the self-constituted body a lengthy 
me.s3agc in whicli he sharply criticized the regular 
General A.ssenibly. Some of the members of the 
latter were in tlie haliit of making long and useful 
Speeches much to the hindrance of business. To 

these he especially referred, charging them with 
speaking for "Buncombe," and recommended that 
as a lasting memorial a county should be called by 
that name. This suggestion was readily seized on 
by the Legislature, and the county of Buncombe 
was created with few dissenting voices. However, 
the General Assembly, in 18G2, changed the name 
to Lyon, in honor of Gen. Nathaniel Lj'on who was 
killed in the early part of the Civil War. 

The season of 1851 was one of great disappoint- 
ment to the pioneers of Iowa, and much suffering 
was the result of the bad season of that year. By 
the year 1854, the State had fully recovered from 
the depression thus produced, and that year as well 
.as the following, the emigration from the East was 
unprecedented. The prairies of Illinois were lined 
day after day with a continuous caravan of emi- 
grants pushing on toward Iowa. During a single 
month 1743 wagons bound for Iowa passed through 
Peoria. So remarkalilo liad been the influx of peo- 
ple into the State, that in an issue of the Bulling 
ton Telegraph appeared the following statement : 
" Twentj' thousand emigrants have passed through 
the city within the last thirty days, and they are 
still crossing the Mississippi at the r.ate of GOO a day." 

At the expirati(m of his term of service, whicli 
occurred in the latter part of the year 1854, Gov. 
Hempstead returned to his old home at Dubuque. 
In 1855 he was elected County Judge of Dubuque 
County, and so acceptably did he serve the peojile 
that for twelve years he was chosen to fill that posi- 
tion. Under his administration the piincipal 
countj' building, including the jail, poorhouse, as 
well as some valuable In-idges, were erected. 
Owing to ill-health he was compelled to retire from 
public life, passing the remainder of his days in 
quietude and repose at Dubuque. Tliere he lived 
until Feb. IG, 1883, when, at his home. Ih liglii < ' 
his long and eventful life went out. The record 
he has made, wlii<h was an honorable and distin- 
guished one, was closed, and Iowa was called ;i;:on 
to mourn the loss of one of her most distinguisi.v"d 
pioneer citizens. He had been an unusually useful 
man of the State and his services, which were able 
and wise, were rendered in that unselfish sjiirit 
which distinguished so many of the early residents 
<.>f this now prosix?rous State. 

THE ^FV> : ;_^ 


c<«.-> p 





third gentleman to fill the 
Executive Chair of the State 
of Iowa, was horn in the 
town of Deering, Hillsbor- 
ough Co., N. IL, Oct. 20, 
siG. His parents, John and 
lOlizabeth (Wilson) Grimes, were 
IW.V^{ ^^'•^ natives of the same town. 
Ikl'/m The former was born on the 11th 
of August, 1772, and the mother 
March 19, 1773. They became the 
parents of eight children, of whom 
James was the youngest and be- 
came one of the most distinguished 
citizens of Iowa. lie attended the 
district schools, and in early childho(jd evinced an 
unusual taste for learning. Besides attending the 
district schools, the village pastor instructed him 
in Greek and Latin. After completing his prepar- 
ations for college, which he did at Hampton Acad- 
emy, he entered Dartmouth College, in August, 
1832, which was in the sixteenth year of his age. 
He was a hard student, advanced rajjidly, and in 
February, 1835, bid adieu to the college halls, and 
ivith .I;nnes Walker, of Peterborough. N. 11., lie be- 
gan ti. • study of his chosen profession. 

Feeling that his native State affordefl too hniiled 
advantages, and, in tact, being of a rather aclvent- 
lU'ous disposition, as well as ambitious, he desired 
broader fields in which to carve for himself a lon- 
nne. He accordingly left the home tiiat iiad 
sheltered him during his bojdiood days, and turn- 
ing his face Westward i^roceeded until he had 
crossed the great Father of Watei's. It was m 
1836, and young Grimes was indeed young to thus 
take upon himself such responsibilities; but ]ios- 
sessing business tact, dcterminatiori and tenacity, 
as well as an excellent professional training, he tle- 
termined to open an office in the then new town of 
Burlington, Iowa. Here he iuiug out his shingle, 
•ind ere long had established a reputation whicli 
extended far beyond tiie confines of the little city. 

In April, 1837, he was appointed City Solicitor, 
and entering upon the duties of tlmt office he 
assisted in drawing up the first i)olice laws of that 
town. In 1838 he appointed Justice of tlie 
Peace, and became a law jwrtner of ^Villi:nn W. 
Chapman, United States District Attorne.v for 
Wisconsin Territory. In tiie early jiartof the year 
1841 he formed a partnersliii) with Ileiny W.Starr, 
Esq., which continued twelve years. This firm 
stood at the liead of tiie legal profession in Iowa. 
Mr. Grimes was widely lawwn as a counsek)r with 



sii lienor kiinwlciliio of the law, niiil with a dear 
sen^e of truth luiil justice. He wn.s cliosen one of 
tlie Representatives of Des Moines County in the 
lirst Legislative Assembly of tlie Territory of Iowa, 
wliich convened at Burlington, Nov. 12, 1838; in 
ihc sixth, at Iowa City, Dec. 4, 1843; and in the 
f;.-.;: til General Assembly of the State, at Iowa City, 
Dec. (i, 18o2. lie early took front rank among the 
l)r,l.lic men of Iowa. He was Chairman of the 
.ludiciary Committee in the House of Representa- 
tives oi' the lirst Legislative Assemljly of the Ter- 
ritory, and all laws for the new Territorj^ passed 
through his hands. 

Mr. Grimes become prominenth' identified 
with the Whig partj^ and being distinguished as an 
able lawyer, as well as a fair-minded, conscientious 
man, he was a prominent candidate for Governor 
l.-efore the convention which met in February, 1854. 
It was the largest convention of that party ever 
lu'ld in Iowa and the last. He was chosen as a nom- 
iiui' for Governor, was duly elected, and in Decem- 
ber, IS.">4, assumed the duties of the otiice. Shortly 
after liis election it was proposed that he should go 
to the United States Senate, but he gave his ad- 
mirers to understand that he was determined to fill 
tlie term of office for which he had been chosen, 
i'his he did, serving the full term to the entire sat- 
isfaction of all i)arties. He was a faithful party 
ieadei-, and so aljle were his services that, while at 
tlie time of his election as Governor Democracy 
reigned supreme in the State and its representatives 
in Congress were allied to the slave power, he 
turned the State over to the Repul)lic;in partly. 

His term of office expired Jan. 14, 1868, when 
lie retired from the Executive Chair, only, how- 
ever, to assume the responsibilities of a United 
States Senator. Upon the 4th of March of the fol- 
lowing year he took his seat in the Senate and was 
placed upon the Committee on Xaval Affairs, upon 
which lie remained during his Senatorial career, 
serving as Chairman of that important committee 
from December, 18G4. Jan. 16, 181)4, Mr. Grimes 
wa» again chosen to represent Iowa in the Senate 
of the United States, receiving all Ijut six of the 
votes of the General Assembly in joint convention. 

llis counsel was often sought in matters of great 
moment, and in cases of peculiar ililliculty. .VI- 

wa^'s ready to promote the welfare of the State, he 
gave, unsolicited, land worth $6,000 to the Congre- 
gational College, at Grinnell. It constitutes the 
" Grimes foundation," and " is to be applied to the 
establishment and maintenance in Iowa College, 
forever, of four scholarships, to be awarded by the 
Trustees, on the recommendation of the faculty, t<> 
the best scholars, and the most promising, in any 
department, who may need and seek such aid, and 
without any regard to the religious tenets or opin- 
ions entertained by any person seeking either of 
said scholarships." These terms were imposed by 
Mr. Grimes, and assumed July 20, 1865, by the 
Trustees. He received the honorary degree of 
LL.D. in 1865 from Dartmouth College, and also 
from Iowa College. He also aided in founding a 
public library in Burlington, donating l>5, 000, which 
was expended in the purchase of costly books, and 
subsequently sent from Europe 256 volumes in the 
Gei'inan language, and also contributed 600 vol- 
umes of public documents. 

In January, 1869, he made a donation of *i5,Q0() 
to Dartmouth College, and $1,000 to the "Softil 
Friend," a literary society of which he was a mem- 
ber when in college. 

His health failing, Mr. Grimes sailed for Europe, 
April 14, 1869, remaining abrosd two years, 
reaching home Sept. 22, 1871, apparently in im- 
proved health and spirits. In November he cele- 
brated his silver wedding, and spent the closing 
months of his life with his family. He voted at 
the city election, Feb. 5, 1872, and was suddenly 
attacked with severe pains in the region of the 
heart, and died after a few short hours of intense 

Senator (jrimes was united in marriage at Bur- 
lington, la., Nov. 9, 1.SI6, witii Miss Sarah Elizabeth 
Neally. Mr. Grimes stooil in the f^iremost ranks 
among the men of his time, not only in the State 
but of the nation. The young nttoi-uey who left 
the granite hills of ^^'ew Ilam|jr-hirt' for the fertile 
l)rairies of the West, distinguished himself both .as 
an attorney and a statesman. Ills pi'isoiial history 
is so inseparably interwoven in tliit of the history 
of the State that a sketch of his life is indeed but ,i 
record of the history of his adopted State during 
the years of his manhood and vigor. 






>• ^•o*o.-@^<^^..o*o.. 

Ja^^^^ALPH p. LOWE, thu fourth 
-^"•r;:;; Govenit)!- of the St; of 
Iowa, was boni in Ohio in 
the year 180s, and liice many 
others of thv distinguished 
men of Iowa, came within lier 
lairders in early pioneer 
times. He was a young man 
but a little over thirty years 
of age when he crossed the great 
P\ather of Waters, settling u\Hm its 
western bank at the then small vill- 
age of Muscatine. lie at once 
identified himself with the interests 
of the growing city, and ere long 
became quite prominent in local 
affairs and of recognized ability in 
questions of public iiolicy. He was shortly after- 
ward chosen as a representative from INIuscatine 
County to the Constitutional Convention of 1844, 
which framed the Constitution which was rejected 
by the i)eoi)le. 

After this constitutional convention, INIr. Lowe 
took no further part in public matters for a num- 
ber of years. He removed to Lee County about 
184!) or '50, where he became District Judge as a 
successor to George H. ^Villiams, who was after- 
ward famous as President Grant's Attorney Gen- 
eral. He was District Judge five years, from 18.52 
to 1857, being succeeded by Judge Claggett. In 
the summer of 1857 he was nominated by the Re- 
publiciuis for Govcrnoi- of Iowa, \vi(h Oran Faville 
for Lieutenaut-Governor. The Democracy put iu 

the lield Benjamin M. Samuels for Governor and 
George Gillaspy for Lieutenant-Governor. There 
was a third ticket in the field, supported by tiic 
American or "Know-Nothing" party, and licii'lng 
the names of T. F. Henry and Easton Aloiris. 
The election was held in October, 1857, and gave 
Mr. Lowe 38,4!)8 votes, against 36,088 for Mr 
Sanuiels, and 1,00(; for Mr. Henry. 

Hitherto the term of ofHce had l)een four years 
but by an aniendnicnt to the Constitution this was 
now reduced to two. Gov. Lowe was inaug- 
urated Jan. 14, 1858, and at once sent his lirst 
message to the Legislature. jVniong the measures 
|)assed 1)}' this Legislature were bills to incorporate 
the State Bank of Iowa; to provide for an agricult- 
ural college; to authorize the business of l)anking; 
disposing of the land grant made liy Congi'ess to 
the Des Moines Valley Railroad ; to provide for 
the erection of an institution for the education of 
the blind, and to provide for taking a State census. 

No events of importance occurred during the 
administration of Gov. i^owe, but it was not a 
period of uninterrupted prosi)eri(y. 'I'lie Governor 
said in his biennial message of Jan. 10, 1860, 
reviewing the preceeding two years: "The period 
that has elapsed since the last biennial session has 
been one of great disturbing causes, and of anxious 
solicitude to all classes of our fellow-citizens. The 
first year of this period was visited with heavy .-uid 
continuous rains, which reduced the measuic of 
our field croiis l)elow one-half of the usual product, 
whilst the financial revulsion which commenced 
ui)on the Atlantic coast in the autumn of 1857, did 



not reach its climax ior i^vil in our borders until 
the j-car just past." 

He referred at length to the claim of the State 
•ig.-.inst the Federal (lovernmeut, and said that he 
ii;id appealed in vain to the Secretary of the Inte- 
rior for the payment of the ;') i)er cent upon the 
niilitarj' land warrants that the State is justly en- 
titled to, which then approximated to a million of 
dollars. The paj-ment of this fund, he said, "is 
not a niei'c favor which is asked of the General 
(Jovernnient, but a subsisting right which could be 
enforced in a court of justice, were there a tribunal 
of this kind clothed with the requisite jurisdiction." 

The subject of the Des Jloines Eiver grant re- 
ceived fiom the Governor special attention, and he 
gave a history of the operations of the State authtjr- 
itics in reference to obtaining the residue of the 
lands to which the State was entitled, and other in- 
formation as to the progress of the work. He also 
j-emarked " that under the act authorizing the Gov- 
ernor to raise a company of mounted men for de- 
fense and protection of our frontier, approved 
Feb. 9, 1858, a company of thirty such men, known 
as the Frontier Guards, armed and equipped as re- 
quired, were organized and mustered into service 
under the command of Capt. Henry B. Martin, of 
"W't^bster Cit}', about the 1 st of March then f ollow- 
hig, and were divided into two companies, one 
stationed on the Little Sioux River, the other at 
Spirit Lake. Their presence afforded security and 
gave quiet to the settlements in that regionT^nd 
after a service of four months they were disbanded. 

'•Late in the full of the year, however, great 

alarm and consternation was again felt in the 
region of Spirit Lake and Sioux River settlements, 
produced hy the appearance of large numbers of 
Indians on the border, whose bearing was insolent 
and menacing, and who were charged with clan- 
destinely running off the stock of the settlers. 
The most urgent appeals came from these settlers, 
invoking again the iJi'otection of the State. From 
representations made of the imminence of their 
danger and the losses akeadj^ sustained, the (iov- 
ernor summoiied intt) the field once uiun' (he 
frontier guards. After a service of four or live 
months they were again discharged, and i)aid in the 
manner prescribed in the act under which they were 
called out." 

(iov. Lowe was beaten for the renoniinatidii 
by Hon. S. J. Kirkwood, ^vho was considered 
much the stronger man. To compensate him for 
his defeat for the second term. Gov. Lowe 
was ap[)ointed one of the three .Judges under ttu' 
new Ccmstitution. He drew the short term, which 
expired in 1861, but was returned and served, al. 
told, eight years. He then returned to the prac- 
tice of law, gradually working into a claim Iium-- 
ness at Washington, to which city he remove' 
aliout 1874. In that city he died, on Saturday, 
Dec. 22, 1883. He had a large family. Garleton, 
one of his sons, was an officer in the Third Iowa 
Cavalry during the war. 

Gov. Lowe was a man of detail, accurate and 
■"industrious." In private and pulilic life he was 
pure, upright and honest. In religious faith lie 
was inclined to be a Spiritualist. 

PUBLIC I.ii'^ 

K.-.'.iji'i, L ^:. 




UK fifth GovcrnoV of Iowm 
was SaiiHU'l J. Kirkwcxid. 
He was lioiii in Hartford 
County, Mil , on Ids father's 
farm. Dee. 20, 1813. His 
fatlier was twice married, 
lirst to a lad\' named Coulson, 
wIk.i became the mother of two 
sons. After the death oi this 
companion, the elder Kirlvwood 
was uniteil in marriage with 
jNIary Alexander, who bore him 
three ''hildren, all of uhom were 
sons. Of this little family Samuel 
was the j'oungest, and when ten 
years of ag"e was sent to "Washington City to at- 
ten<l a school taught by John J\IcLeod, a rc^lative of 
the family. Here he remained for four years, giv- 
ing diligent attention to his studies, at the close of 
wliicli time he entered a drug store at Washington 
as clerlv. In this capacity he continued witli the 
exception of eighteen montlis, until he reached his 
majority. During the interv-al referred to, .young 
Kirkwood was living the life of a pedagogue in 
York County, Pa. 

In the year 1835, Samuel quit Washington and 
came westward to Richland County, Ohio. His 
father and brother had preceded him from IMary- 
land. locating upon a timbered farm in the Buckeye 
State. Here Samuel lent them valuable assistance 
in clearing the farm. He was and)itions to enter 
the legal profession, and in the year 18-11, an oppor- 

tunity was afforded him to enter the ottic(! of 
Tiiomas W. Hartley, afterward Ciovernor of Oiiio. 
The following two years he gave diligent apidii'a- 
tion to his liooks, and in 1 8-l.>, was admitted to 
Ijractice liy the Supreme Court of Ohio. He was 
then fortunate enough to form an association in 
the practice of his profession with his i'ormer pre- 
ceptor, which relations continued for eight _years. 

From 1845 to 1849 he served as Prosecuting 
Attorney of his country. In 184!) he was elected 
as a Democrat to represent his county and district 
in the Constituti<mal Convention. In 1851 I\ir. 
Bartley, his partner, having been elected fo tiie 
Supreme Judiciary of the State, Kirkwood fornuMl 
a jiartnership with Barnabas Barns, with whom ho 
continued to practice until the si)ring of 1855, 
when he removed to the West. 

Up to 1854 Mr. Kirkwood had acted with the 
Democratic party. But the measui'cs proposed and 
sustained that year by the Democracy in Congress, 
concentrated in what was known as the Kansas- 
Nebraska Act, drove him with hosts of anti-slavery 
Democrats out of the party. He was besouglit Ijy 
the opposition in the " Richland District " to be- 
come their candidate for Congress, but declined. 
In 1855 he came to Iowa and settled two miles 
northwest of Iowa City, entering into a partnership 
with his In-other-in-law, Ezekiel Clark, in the mill- 
ing business, and kept aloof from pul)lic affairs. 
He could not long conceal his record and abilities 
from his neighbors, however, and in 185(! he was 
elected to the State Senate from the district, corn- 



posed of the counties of Iowa and Johnson, and 
servc<| ill the last session of llic Legislature held at 
Iowa City and the first one hehl at Des Moiiu's. 

Ill IS;")',) Ml-. Ivirkwood was iiiacie the standard- 
liearei- of tlu' Kepiililieans of I(»wa, and though he 
had as al ill- ami iKipiilar a eoiiiiietitor as (len. A. 
C. Dodge, he was elected (lovenior of Iowa by a 
majority of over .'j.Olll). He was inaugnrated Jan. 
11, l.s(;(). JJefore the exiiiration of his tirst term 
i-aiiie the great Civil War. As Governor, during 
the darkest I'-iys of the Ilehellion, he perfoiiiu-il an 
exceedingly iiM|iortant duty. lie secured a [iroiiipt 
resi)onse hv volunteers to all leiiuisitions liy the 
Federal ( io\ (-iiiiacnt on the State for troops, so 
that during liis ( !o\crnoi-slii|) no "draft" took 
place in Iowa, and no iTginient, except the lirst, 
enlisted for less than three years. At the same 
time he luaintained the State's financial credit. 
The Legislatni-e, at its extra session in I.SOI, 
authorized the sale of $1SOO,I)00 in Ijonds, to -assist 
in arming and eqiiijjping troops. So frugally was 
this woi-k'done, that hut «i:30(),0()0 of the bonds 
"vcre Soil], -ind the remaining |i500,()U0 not having 
been reipiired, the bond; representing this amount 
.vere destroyed by order of the succeeding- Legis- 

In (X-Lober, lis01,(tov. Kirkwood was, with com- 
paratively little opposition, re-elected — an lionor 
aecorded for the first time in the history of the 
State. His in:ijority was about l^i,000. During 
liis second term he was appointed by President 
Lincoln to be M ini>tcr to Denmark. Imt he lU-rliiu-il 
to enter upon his di[)loinatic duties until the cxpir- 
■itioii of his term as (lovernor. The [lositioii w.-is 
kept open for him until that time, but, when it 
i-ame, pres>iim- prixate business compelled a det-lin- 
;ition of the ollice allogi'ther. 

In January, hsCG, he was a ]m)minent candidate 
before the Legislature for rnited States Senator. 
Senator Harlan had resigned the Senatorship upon 

his aiipointment to the ollice of Secretary of the 
Interior by President Lincoln, just before lus 
death, but had withdrawn from the cabinet soon 
after the accession of Mr. Johnson to the Presi- 
dency. In this way it hapiiened tliat the Legisla- 
ture had two terms of United States Senator to fill, 
a short term of two j'ears, to fill Harlan's unexpired 
term, and a long term of six years to immediately 
succeed this; and Harlan had now become a candi- 
date for his own successorshiii, to which Kirkwood 
also aspired. Ultimately, Ivirkwood was elected 
for the first and Harlan for the second term. Dur- 
ing his brief Senatorial service, Kirkwood did not 
hesitate to measure swords with Senator Siminer, 
w'hose egotism had begotten in him an ar- 
rogant and dictatorial manner, borne witli liumiily 
until then by his colleagues, in deference to his 
long experience and eminent ability, but unpalata- 
ble to an independent Western Senator like Kirk- 

At the close of his Senatorial term, March 4, 
l.S(i7, he resumed the practice of law, which a few 
years later he relinquished to accept tlie Presidency 
of the low^a City Savings Bank. In 187.5 he was 
again elected Governor, and was inaugurated Jan. 
i;!, 187G. He served iuit little over a year, as 
earl}' in 1877 he was chosen United States Senator. 
He tilled this position four years, resigning to be- 
come Secretary of the Interior in President (J;ir- 
lield's Cabinet. In this office he was succeeded, 
April 17, 1882, by Henry M. Teller, of Colorado. 

C;ov. Kirkwood returned to lowat'ity, his home, 
where he still resides, being now advanced in years. 
He was married in 18 13, to Miss Jane Clark, a na- 
tive of Ohio. 

In 18,s(; JMi;. Kirkwiiod was nomniated for Con- 
gress by the Pepublicans of his district. Consider- 
able interest was manifested in tlie (-oiitest, as liotli 
the Lalior and Democratic parlies had popular can- 
didates in the field. 

" "«v «- 

THE NEW rr- 

A.-.TC,.". 1-- 





sixth Governor of Iowa, was 
born Oct. 14, 1827. His 
[%/§ parents, Truman and La- 
vina (North) Stone, who 
wi'ie <.if English aneestr^', 
moved to Lewis County, N. 
Y., when William was but a 
year old. William's grandfather, Aaron 
Stone, was in the second war with En- 
gland. When our subject was six years 
of age his parents moved into Ohio, lo- 
cating in Coshocton County. Like many 
other self-made men, William M. had few 
advantages. He never attended a .school 
of any kind more than twelve months. 
In boyhood he was for two seasons a team-driver 
on the Ohio Canal. At seventeen he was appren- 
ticed to the chairmaker's trade, and he followeil 
that business until he was twenty-three years of 
age, reading law meantime <liuing his spare hours, 
wherever he happened to be. He commenced at 
Coshocton, with James Mathews, who afterwai'd 
became his father-in-law; continued his reading 
with Gen. Lucius V. Pierce, of Akron, and finished 
with Ezra B. Taylor, of Ravenna. He was admitted 
to the bar in August, 18.51, by Peter Hitchcock 
and Rufus P. Ranney, Supreme Judges, holding a 
term of court at Ravenna. 

After practicing three years at Coshocton with 
his old preceptor, .lames Mathews, he, in November, 
1854, settled in Knoxville, which has remained his 
home since. The year after locating here Mr. 
Stone purchased the Knoxville Joitriial, and was 
one of the prime movers in fdrming the R('pul)lican 
party in Iowa, being the lirst editor to suggest a 
State Convention, which met Feb. 22, 18.")6, and 
completed the organization. In the autimm of the 
same year he was a Presidential elector on the He- 
publican ticket. 

In April, 1857, Mr. Stone was ciiosen .ludge of 
the Eleventh Judicial District. He was elected 
Judge of the Sixth Judicial District when the new 
Constitution went into operation in 1 858, and was 
serving on the bench when the American flag was 
stricken down at Fort Sumter. At that time, 
April, 1861, he was holding court in Fairfield, 
Jefferson County, and wlicn the news came of the 
insult to the old flag he immediately ac'journed 
court and prepared for what he believed to be 'uore 
important duties — dutics'to his country. 

In May he enlisted as a i)rivate; was made Cap 
tain of Co. B, Third Iowa Inf., and was subse 
quently promoted to Major. With that re^nent 
he was at the battle of Blue IMill, IMo., in Septem- 
ber, 1861, where he was wounded. At Shiloh, the 
following spi'ing, he commanded the regiuient and 
was tiken prisoner. By order of Jefferson Davia 



he was paroled for the time of forty days, with 
orders to repair tii Wasliiiigloii. iiiid if possible 
secure an agreement for .1 c.-irtel fur a geiierMl ex- 
change of prisoners, and In return as a jirisoner if 
he did not suceeecl. Kailing to secure tliat result 
witiiin the [leriod specified, lie returned to Kicli- 
moud and luul liis |)arole extended Hfteendays; re- 
])fiiring again to AVashington, lie effected his pur- 
pose and was exchanged. 

In August, isdi'. he was ai)]iointed liy (Jov. 
Kirkw(Mwl Coliiucl of tlii' 'rwenty-sccond lov.-a 
Infantry, which rcndezvou.sed and organized at 
Camp I'ope, Iowa City, the same month. The 
regiment was oci-upicd foi- several months in guard- 
ing su[)iily stores and the I'ailroail, and escorting 
sup[)ly trains to the Army of the Southeast iNlis- 
souri until .I:in. l'7, 1 .S(;;3, when it received orders 
to join the army luider (Jen. Davidson, at AVest 
Plains, Mo. After a, march of five days it reached 
its destination, and \v;is brigaded with the Twenty- 
first and Twenty-third Iowa regiments. Col. Stone 
commanding, and was designate<l the First Brigade, 
Fii>t Division, Army nf Soutlieast Missouri. April 
1 foiiml C(il. Stiine at .Milliken's Bend, La., to assist 
<;i-.-mt in the capture of A'icksburg. lie was now 
111 immediate Cdiiim.iiid uf his regiment, which 
formed a [lart of a brigade under Col. C. L. Harris, 
of the Kleventh Wisconsin. In the advance upon 
I'lirt Gil.'son Cul. llairis was taken sick, and Col. 
St'nie was again in charge of a brigade. In the 
battle of Tort Gibson the Colonel and his com- 
mand distinguished tlieui.selves, and were successful. 

The ))rigade was in the reserve at Champion Hills, 
and in active skirmish at Black Kiver. 

On the evening of May 21 Col. Stone icccivi'd 
(■en. (Slant's order for a general assault on tin; 
enemy's lines at 10 A. M. on the 22il. In this 
charge, which was unsuccessful, Col. Stone was 
again wounded, receiving a gunshot in the left 
forearm. Col. Stone commanded a brigade until 
the last of August, when, being ordered to the (iiilf 
Department, he resigned. lie had become very 
liojiular with the jDeople of Iowa. 

He was nominated in a Republican convention, 
held at Des Jloines in June, ISGo, and was elected 
by a vei-y large majority. He was bre\i'ted Brig- 
adi(^r-General in 18C4, during his first year as Gov- 
ernor. He was inaugurated Jan. 14, 1. SIM,. and \vas 
re-elected in 1865, his four years in odlcc closing 
Jan. 16, 1868. Ills majority i:: 186;> was nearly 
30,000, and in 1865 about 16,500. His diminished 
vote in 1865 was due to the fact that he was very 
strongly committed in favor of negro suffrage. 

Gov. Stone made a very energetic and efficient 
E.xecntive. Since the expiration of his gubernatorial 
term he has sought to escape the public notice, and 
has given his time to his private business interests. 
He is in partnershii) with Hon. U. B. Ayres, of 
Knoxville. in legal practice. 

He was elected to the General Assembly in 1877. 
and seived one term. 

In May, 1857, he married Miss Matliews, 
a native of Ohio, then residing in Knoxville. They 
have one sou — AVilliam A, 


\ ?UB 












>» ..a»o-'-^^<^<j)-»»o. <,->. 

A^I TEL MERRILL, Governor 
frciiii ISuSto 1872, was born 
ill Oxford County, Maine, 
Aug. 7, 1822. He is a de- 
scendant on his mother's side 
of Peter Hill, who came from 
England and settled in Maine 
in 1G53. From this ancestry have 
sprung most of the Hills in Ameri- 
ca. On his father's side he is a dc- 
cendant of Nathaniel Merrill, who 
eaine from England in lGoG,and lo- 
cated in Jlassachusetts. Nathaniel 
had a son, Daniel, who in turn had 
a son named John, and he in turn 
liegat a son called Thomas. The 
latter was born Dec. 18. 1708. On the 4th of Aug- 
ust. 1728, was liorn to him a son, Samuel, who was 
iiianied and had a family of twelve children, one of 
whom, Abel, was taken by his father to Boston in 
17.")0. Abel was married to Elizalieth Page, who 
liad five children, one of whom, Aliel, Jr., was the 
l.itlier of our subject. He married Abigail Hill 
June 2;'), 1800, and to them were born eight chil- 
dren, Sanmel being the j-oungest but one. At the 
age of sixteen Samuel moved with his parents to 
ISuxton. Maine, the native place of his mother, 
where his time was employed in turns in teaching 
and attending school until he attained his majorit}'. 
Having determined "to make teaching a profession, 
and feeling that the South offered better opiiortu- 
iiities, he immediately set out for that section. He 

remained, however, ))ut a short time, as he says •■ lie liorn too far North." SusiiicMon having been 
raised as to his aljolition principles and finding tiie 
element not altogether congenial, ho soon abandoned 
^he sunny South and went to the old Granite State, 
where the next several j'ears were spent in farming. 
In 1847 he moved to Tainworth, N. II., where lie 
engaged in the mercantile business in company witli 
a brother, in which he was quite successful. Not 
being satisfied witii the limited resources of Nortli- 
ern New England hr iletermined to tiy his good 
fortune on the broad prairies of the fertile West. 

It was in the year 18.50 that Mr. Merrill turneil 
his face toward the setting sun, finding a desiralile 
location near McGregor, Iowa, where he estabiisiied 
a branch house of the ol<l linn. The poimlatioii in- 
creased, as also did their trade, .and their house lie- 
came one of the most extensive wholesale establish- 
ments on the Upper Mississipi)i. During all these 
years of business Mr. Merrill took an active part in 
politics. In 18.54 he was chosen on the alxilition 
ticket to the Legislature of New Ilampsliire. The 
following year he was again returned tn the Legis- 
lature, '^nd doubtless had he remained in that Sbite 
would have risen still higher. In coniing to Iowa 
his experience and ability were dcniaiidcd by his 
neighbors, and he here called into public .serv- 
ice. He was sent to the Legislature, and though 
assembled with the most distinguished men of lii> 
time, took a leading part in the important services 
demanded of that body. The Legislature was c<m- 
vcned in an extra session "f 1801. to provide l"<.ir 


Ur' exigencies of the Rebellion, sunl in its deliber- 
ations Mr. .Merrill took an active jwrt. 

In ti\e snninier of 1S02. IMr. Merrill was commi-i- 
sioned- Colonel of the -ilst ii>\v.i Infantrj*, ami im- 
mediately went to tile front. At the time Marma- 
(Inke wa.s nienacing the liiidn forces in Missouri, 
which ealleil fur iir(ini|it :icli(in on tlie ]5art of the 
I'nion (ienei-als. C'ul. Merrill was placed in eom- 
niaiid. witii detachments of the -ilst Iowa and 99th 
Illinois, a jxirlidn of the .'!d Iowa Cavalry and two 
pieces of artillery, with orders to make a forced 
march to Springfield. Ik- l)eing at the time eighty 
miles distant. On the morning of Jan. 11, 1863, 
he came across a body of Confederates who were 
advancing in heavy force. Immediate preparations 
for battle weie made liy Col. Jferrill, and after brisk- 
ly firing for an honr, the enemy fell back. Merrill 
then moved in the direction of Hartville, where he 
fovnid the enemy in force under Marmaduke, being 
about eight tlionsand strong, while Merrill had but 
one-tenth of that number. A hot struggle ensued 
in which the Twenty-first distinguished itself. The 
Confederate loss was several officers and three hun- 
dred men killed and wounded, while the Union loss 
was but seven killed and sixty-four wounded. The 
'ollowing winter the regiment performed active 
service, taking part in the campaign of Vicksburg. 
It fought under McClernand at Port Gibson, and 
while making the famous charge of Black River 
Bridge. Col. Merrill was severely wounded through 
the hip. lie was laid up from the 1 7tli of May to 
January, wlieu he again joined liis regiment in 
Tc.xa.s, ami in .Inne. lsi;i, on aeeonnt of suffering 
from his wound, resigned aiicl returned to Mc- 
(iregor. In 181)7 Mr. Merrill was chosen Gov- 
ernor of the State, being elected upon the Repub- 
lican ticket. He served with such satisfaction, that 
ill 18(jii lie was re-nominated and accordingly- 

Under the .■idministration of Gov. Merrill, 
the movement for tbe erection of the new State was inaugurateil. The TliiitecMith (ieneral 
Assembly jiroviiled for the building at a cost of 
^l,r)()0,()0(), and made an appropriation vitli whicli 
to begin the work of .*!l.")0,(l()(). Willi this Mini the 
work was begun. !ind Xov. 2:5. 1X71, the corner 
stone was laid in the presence of citizens from all 

parts of the State. On this occasion the Governor 
delivered the address. It was an historical view of 
the incidents culminating in the labors of the day. 
It was replete with historical facts, showed patient 
research, was logical and argumentative, and at times 
eloquent with the fire and genius of American [la- 
triotism. It is a paper worthy of the occasion, 
and does justice to the head and heart that con- 
ceived it. 

During the gubernatorial career of Gov. Mer- 
rill, extending through two terms, from Janii- 
ar3', 1868, to Januaiy, 1872, he was actively en- 
gaged in the discharge of his official duties, and 
lirobably no incumbent of that office ever devoted 
himself more earnestly to the public good, stand- 
ing bj' the side of Gov. Fairchild, of "\\'isconsin. 
The two were instrumental in placing the slack- 
water navigation between the Mississippi and the 
Lakes in the way of ultimate and certain success. 
The Governor treated this subject to gi'eat length 
and with marked abilitj^ in his message to the Thir- 
teenth General Assembly, and so earnest was he in 
behalf of this improvement, that he again discussed 
it in his message to the Fourteenth General Assem- 
bly. Ill the instigation of the work the Goveriioi> 
of the dilTerent States interested, called conventions, 
.niid through the deliberations of these assemblies 
the aid of the General Government was secured. 

Samuel jMerrill was first married to Catherine 
Thomas, who died in 1847, fourteen months after 
their marriage. In January, 18al, he was uni(('<l 
in marriage with a Miss Hill, of Buxton, Maine. 
She became the mother of four childix'ii, three of 
whom died young, the eldest living to be only two 
and a half years (jld. 

After the expiration of his pablic service he re- 
turned to McGregor, but shortly afterward removed 
to Des JMoines, where he is now residing, and is 
President of the Citizens' >«'atioiial Bank. 

Tliii> briefly have been pointed out the leading 
features in the life of one of Iowa's most proiiii- 
iient citizens, and (me who has made an honorable 
record both in public positions and private enter- 
prises. He is highly esteemed in the city where he 
resides and i^ regarded as one of the faithful rep- 
resentatives of the s(ms of New England. In >lii- 
ure he is full}- six feet high and finely proportioned. 


govp:rnors of iowa. 


's^]-^i%<r~r>i^^f4i YRus clay carpenter, 

Governor of Iowa from 1H72 
;.4J, to 1875, inclusive, was born 
in Susquelianna Connty, Pa., 
^(.1 Nov. 24, 1S29. He was left 
.in orphan at an early age, his 
mother dying when he was at 
the age of ten years, and his father two 
years later. He was left in destitute 
circumstances, and went first to learn 
tlie trade of a clothier, which, however, 
lie abandoned after a few months, and 
engaged with a farmer, giving a term 
in the winter, however, to attendance 
upon the district school. When eighteen 
lie liegan teaching school, and the fol- 
lowing four years divided his time between teach- 
ing ■•iihI attending the academy at Hartford. At 
Lhe coiiclusion of this period he went to Ohio, 
where he engaged as a teacher for a year and a 
lialf, spending the summer at farm work. 

In the year 1854 Mr. Carpenter came further 
westward, visiting many points in Illinois and 
Iowa, arriving at Des Moines, then a village of 
some 1,200 inhabitants. This place, however, not 
offering a favorable location, he proceeded on his 
journey, arriving in Fort Dodge June 28, 1854. 
Owing to his being without funds he was compelled 
to travel on foot, in which way the journey to P^ort 
Dodge w\as made, with his entire worldly posses- 
sions in a carpet-sack which he carried in his hand. 
He soon found employment at Fort Dodge, as as- 
sistant to a (Jovernmeut surveyor. This work be- 

ing completed, youn* Carpenter assisted his laml, 
lord in cutting hay, liut soon secured another 
position as a surveyor's assistant. In the early 
part of the following .January he engaged in teach- 
ing school at Fort Dodge, but in the spring was 
emploj'ed to take charge of a set of surveyors in 
surveying the counties of Ennnet and Kossuth. 

On his return to Fort Dodge lie found the land- 
office, which had been established at that place, 
was about to open for the sale of land. Being 
familiar with the country and the location of the 
best land, he opened a private land-ofiice, and 
found constant and profitable employment for the 
following three years, in pl:itting and surveying 
lands for those seeking homes. During this jieriod 
he became extensively known, and, being an active 
Ivejiulilican, he was chosen as a standard-bearer for 
his section of the Stiite. He was elected to Uw. 
Legislature in the autumn of 1857. In 18G1, on 
the breaking out of the Rebellion, he volunteered 
and was assi^ed to duty as Commissary of Sub- 
sistence, much of the time being Chief Commissar}- 
of the left wing of the 16th Arm}- Corps. In 1801 
he was promoted Lieutenant-Colonel and ai-signed 
to duty on the staff of Gen. Logan, as Chief Com- 
missary of the 15th Army Corps. He continued in 
the service until the close of the war, and in 
August, 1865, was mustered out. 

Upon the close of his service to his country he 
returned to his home at Fort Dodge, but, tjwing to 
so many changes which had taken place, and suck 
an influx of enterprising men into the citj', he 
found his once prosperous business, in the hands of 



iitiicrs. lie tr.nietl ii is attention U> the improvc- 
r.ient of a jjieee of land, where he rouiaincd until 
'lis election, in the autumn of ISGG, as Register of 
flic State Land-OIIice. lie was re-elected in 18G8, 
and refused the nomination in 1870. This position 
iook liini to Dcs Moines, liut in 1870 he returned 
io Fort Dodge. During the summer of the follow- 
ing ye;ir he was nominated hy the Republican party 
for tiovernor. He was elected, and inaugurated as 
Chi-f Executive of Iowa Jan. 11,1872. Tn 1873 
iic was renominated by his party, and October 14 
jf that year Mas re-elected, his inauguration taking 
olacc Jan. 27, 1871. Gov. Carpenter was an al)le, 
popular and faitliful Executive, and was regarded 
as one of the most honest, prominent and unselfish 
officials the State ever had. Plain, unassuming, 
.iiodest, he won his public position m<n-e through 
,he enthusiasm of his friends than by any personal 
effort or desire of his own. Everywhere, at all 
times and upon all occasions, he demonstrated that 
the confidence of his friends was justified. He took 
an active part in the great (juestion of monopolies 
and transportation evils, which during his adminis- 
tration were so i)nimiiient, doing much to secure 
wise legislation in these respects. . 

Gov. Carpenter lias been regarded as a public 
speaker of more tli.-ui ordinary ability, and has 
.ipon many occasions been the orator, and alwaj-s 
appreciated ))}' the people. 

At the exiiiratioii of his second term as Governor 
]\Ir. Cajpenter was appointed Second Comptroller 
i)f the United SUites Trensuiy, which position he 
resigned after a service of fifteen months. This 
step Avas an evidence of his uriselfishness, as it was 
taken because another IJurean officer was to be dis- 
missed, as it was held thnt Iowa had miii-e hends of 
Uureans than she was entitled tn, and his resigning 
in office of the liigher grade saved the position to 
niot! ■. In 1881 he was elected to Congress, and 
«rv,'d with aliility, and in the Twentieth General 
Assenilily of lov.a ho rei)resented Webster County. 

Gc;. Carpenter was married, in March, 1801, to 
.\Iiss Susan Burkholder, of Fort Dodge. Tso chil- 
dren have lieen born to them, but they have reared 
a niece of j\Irs. CariH-nter's. 

During his entires life i\Ir. Cari)eiiter has l)een de- 
fied to the princiiiles of Reform and the best 

interests of all classes of citizens who, b\^ adoption 
or b)' biiih-right, are entitled to a home upon our 
soil and the protection of our laws, under the great 
charter of " Life, Libei'ty and the Pursuit of Hap- 
piness." In an address in 1852 he took advanced 
views upon the leading subjects of public interest. 
He had already laid the foundation for that love of 
freedom which afterwards found an ample field of 
labor with the Republican part3' There was noth- 
ing chimerical in his views. H. looked at everj' 
strata ot human societ}', and, from the wants of the 
masses, wisely devined duty and prophesied destiny. 
He would have the people of a free Republic edu- 
cated in the spirit of the civilization of the age. 
Instead of cultivating a taste f^ • a species of liter- 
.ature tending directlj' to degrade the mind an<I 
deprave the heart, thereby leading back to a state 
of superstition and consequent barbarism, he w;,iild 
cultiv.ate principles of temj)erancc. industry and 
economy in every youthful mind, as tlie indispens- 
able ingredients of good citizens, or subjects upon 
whose bar.uer will be inscribed Libert}', E(pialit\'. 

Thus early in life Mr. Carpenter saw the destined 
tendency of our American institutions, and the ad- 
vancing civilization of the age. He saw it in the 
peace congress, whose deliberations have made the 
Rhine thrice immortal. He saw it in the i)rospect- 
ive railway, which he believed would one day 
unite the shores of the Atlantic with tjiose of the 
Pacific — a fact realized bj' the coustniclion of the 
great continental railway. 

It was thus earh' (hat he began to study the 
wants of the world, and with ;vhat clearness and 
directness may lie seen by the correctness of his 
vision and the accoinpli>hmeut of wliat he consid- 
ered an inevitable necessity. 

Thus, growing up into manhood, ;uid [lassiiig on- 
war<l ill tlie rugged pathway of time, discipliiu'd in 
liolitical econoinj- and civil ethics in the stern 
school of cxiierience, he was jirepared to meet every 
emergency with m steady hand; to bring order out 
of discord, and insure harmony.and prnsiierity. 

Ciov. Cariienter is now engaged in the ipiiet pur- 
suits of farm lift', residing at Fort Dodge, when 
he is highly esteemed as one of lier pui'cst luiiidcd 
and most upright citizens, 




OsnUA (t. NEWBOLD, the 
ninth Governor of lowfi, is 
I native of Pennsj'lvanla. 
Ill comes from that excellent 
■itock known as the Friends, 
wluj very early settled in 
iStw Tersey. Joshua G. is the 
son of Barzilla and Catherine 
(House) Kewbold, and was born 
in Fayette County, May 12, 
1S30. He was born a fanner's 
l)()j' and was reared in tlie vigor- 
ous employment of farm work. 
When he was eight yeai-s of age the 
family moved tt.i Westmoreland 
County, Pa., where, in the common 
schools and in a select school or academy, young 
>;ewliold received his education. When sixteen 
years of age he accompanied the family on their re- 
turn to Fa3^ette Count}'. Here for the following- 
eight years he assisted his father in running atlour- 
ing-mill as well as devoting much of his time to 
teaching school. Wlieu al)0ut nineteen years of 
age our subject began the study of medicine, de- 
voting much of his time while teaching to his med- 
ical books. He, however, abandoned the idea of 
Ijeeoming a physician and turned his attention to 
different walks in life. 

In the month of March, 1854, Mr. Newbold re- 
moved to Iowa, locating on a farm, now partly in 
the corporation of Mount Pleasant, Henry County. 

At the end of one year he rcmovecl to Cedar 
Township, Van P.uren County, tlierc mei-chandising 
and farming till al)Out l.SfJO, when lie removed to 
lIillsl)oro, Henry County, and pursued the .same 

In 18G2, wiien the call was made for 000,000 men 
to finish the work of crushing tlio ReV)ellion, iMr. 
Newbold left his farm in the hands of his family 
and his store in charge of his partner, and went into 
the army as Captain of Company C, 2r)th Regiment 
of Iowa Infantry. He served nearly three years, 
resigning just before the war closed, on account of 
disability. During the last two or three months he 
served at the South he filled the position of Judge 
Advocate, with headquarter^- at Woodville, Ala. 

His regiment was one of those that made Iowa 
troops famous. It arrived at Helena, Ark., in 
November, 1802, and sailed in Decendier following 
on the expedition against Vicksburg l)y way of 
Chickasaw Bayou. At the latter place was its first 
engagement. Its second was at Arkansas Post, and 
there it suffered severely, losing in killed and 
wounded more than sixty. 

After Lookout Mountain it joined in the i)ursuit 
of Bragg's flying forces to Ringgold, wiiere it en- 
gaged the enemy in their strong worlis, Novenil)er 
27, losing twenty-nine wounded. Tlie following 
year it joined Shermiui in his Atlanta Campaign, 
then on the famous march to tlie sea and tin-ough 
the Carolinas. 

On returning to Iowa he continued in the mer- 



cantile trade at Hillsboro for three or four years, 
and then sold out, giving thereafter his whole at- 
tention to agriculture, stock -raising and stock-deal- 
in"', making the stock department an important 
factor in his business for several years. Mr. New- 
hold was a member of the 13th, 14tli and lutli Gen- 
eral Assemblies, reiiresenting Henry County, and 
was Chairman of the School Committee in the 1 4th, 
and of the committee on ajipropriations in the 15th 
General Assembly. In the (1874) ho was tem- 
porary Speaker during the deadlock in oi'ganizing 
the House, In 1875 he was elected Lieutenant 
Governor on the Republican ticket with Samuel J. 

His Democratic compeiitor was E. D. Woodward, 
who received 93,000 votes. Mr. Newbold received 
134,16G, or a majority of 31,10G. Governor Kirk- 
wood being elected United States Senator during 
that session, Mr. Newbold became Governor, taking 
the chair Feb. 1, 1877, and vacating it for Gov. 
Gear in Januarj^, 1878. 

Gov. Newbold's message to the Legislature 
in 1878, shows painstaking care and a clear, busi- 
ness-like view of the interests of the State. His 
recommendations were carefully considered and 
largely adopted. The State's finances were then in 
a less creditable condition than ever before or 
since, as there was an increasing floating debt, then 
amounting to $340,820.56, more than $90,000 in 
excess of the Constitutional limitation. Said Gov. 
Newbold in his message : '• The commonwealth 
ought not Id set an example of dilatoriness 
in meeting its obligations. Of all forms of indebt- 
edness, that of a floating character is the most ob- 
jectionable. The uueertaiuty as to its amount will 

invariably enter into any computation made by per- 
sons contracting with the State for siipiilies, mater- 
ial gr labor. To remove the [ireseut dilliculty, and 
to avert its recurrence. I l0(_ik uj)on as thi' most im- 
portant work that will demand your attention." 

One of the greatest problems before statesmen is 
that of equal and just taxation. The following 
recommendation shows that (4ov. Newlxild was 
abreast with foremost thinkers, for it proposes a 
step which yearlj- finds more favor with the people : 
" The inequalities of the personal-property valu- 
ations of the several counties suggest to mj^ mind 
the propriety of so adjusting the State's levy as to 
require the counties to pay into the State treasiny 
only the tax on realtj^ leaving the corresponding- 
tax on personalty in the county ti'casury. This 
would rest with each county the adjustment oi its 
own personal property valuations, without fear that 
they might ho so high as to work injustice to itself 
in comparison with other counties." 

Gov. Newbold has always affiliated with the 
Republican party, and holds to its great cardinal 
doctrines, having once embraced them, with the 
same sincerity and honesty that he cherishes his re- 
ligious sentimcuts. He has been a Christian for 
.something like twenty-five years, his connection be- 
ing with the Free-Will Baptist Church. He found 
liis wife, Rachel Farquhar, in Fayette County, Pa., 
their union taking place on the 2d of May, 1850. 
They have had five children and lost two. The 
names of the living are Mary Allenc, Emma 
Irene and George C. 

The Governor is not yet an old man, and may 
serve his State or county in other capacities in the 
coming years. 







OHN II. GJiAR, the tenth 
■jvia gentleuian to occupy flic 
Executive Clinir of Iowa, is 
still a resident of Burlington. 
lie is a n.itivc of the Empire 
State, Avliere in tlie city of 
Itluca, April 7, 1825, he wasliorn. 
Rev. p], G. Geai, his father, was 
born in New London, Conn., in 
1 71)2, and became a distinguislu'd 
clergyman of the Protestant 
Episcopal Church. His family 
removed with him, while he was 
still young, to rittsfield, M.ass., and 
in the year 181G, after his ordina- 
tion as a clergyman of the Episco- 
l)al Church, lie went to New York 
and located at Onondaga Hill near 
\\f\] the city of Syracuse. Shortly after 
tills settlement, the young minister 
was luiited in marriage with Miss 
IMiranda E. Cook. After serving 
various congregations in Western 
New York for many years, he de- 
termined to become a pioneer in 
Norihcru Illinois, which at the time, in the year 
IBIjO, was being rMpidly settled up. He found a location at G.alena where he remained un- 
til Is.'iS, when he received the appointment as 
Chaplain in the United States army while located 
at Fort Snelling, Jlinn. He lived a long and act- 
ive life, donig much good, quitting his labors in 

the year 1874, at the adv.inced age of eighty-two 

The only son Ijorii t<j Mr. and Mrs. E. G. Gear 
was J. H., afterward the distingnished Governor of 
Iowa. As above stated the birth occurred in 1825. 
In 1843, when still a 3'oung man, he came West to 
Burlington, where he has since continued to reside, 
her most distinguished citizen. Shortly after his 
arrival in the 3-oung citj', he embarked in his mer- 
cantile career, engaging at the time with the firm 
of Bridgman & Bros., in *the caiiacity of a clei'k. 
Remaining with this firm for a little over a .year, 
he left them for an engagement with ^Y. F. Cool- 
baugh, who at one time was President of the 
Union National Bank, of Chicago, and who at that 
early period was the leading merchant of Eastern 
Iowa. He served Mr. Coolbaughso faithfully, and 
with such marked ability for the following five 
years, that, when desirous of a partner in his ])usi- 
ness, the wealthy merchant could find no one in 
whom he could iilace greater confidence and with 
whom he could trust his extensive business rela- 
tions that pleased him better than the young clerk. 
Accordinglj' he was associated as a i)artMi r under 
the firm najne of W. F. Coolbaugh & Co. Under 
this arrangement the firm did .-i- prosperous Itusi- 
ncss for the following five years, 'when Mr. (Jear 
purchased the entire business, which he <'arried on 
with marked success until he became known as the 
oldest wholesale grocer in tlie State. He 's at jiresent, 
besides filling other pronunent business relations, 
President of the Rolling Jlill Co., of G^ilesburg 



Mr.Ocni- lias liccn Iioiiorcd bj' his f&Ilow-citizens 
with many [Kisitions uf trust. In 1852 he was 
elected Aldennan ; in 18G3 was elected Mayor 
over A. W. Carpenter, being the first Republican 
up to that time who had been elected in Burlington 
on a party issue. In 18G7 the Burlington, Cedar 
Rapids & Minnesota Railroad Company was organ- 
ized, and he was chosen as its President. His ef- 
forts highly contributed to the success of the enter- 
prise, which did much for Burlington. He was 
also active in promoting the Burlington & South- 
western Railwaj-, as well as the Burlington & North- 
western narrow-gauge road. 

He has always acted with tin Republican party, 
and iu 1871 was nominated and elected a member 
of the House of Representatives of the 14th 
General Assembly. In 1873 he w-as elected to the 
ITith General Assembly. The Republican cau- 
cus of the House nominated him for Speaker by 
a'jclamation, and after a contest of two weeks he 
wa'; chosen over his opponent, J. W. Dixon. ' He 
liKed the position of Speaker very accsptabl}-, and 
.it the close of the session all the members of the 
House, independent of party afiiliations, joined in 
••jiguing their names to a resolution of thanks, which 
was engraved and presented to him. In 1875 he 
was the third time nominated to the Assembly by 
the Republican party, and while his county gave a 
lariic Democratic vote he was aoain elected. He 
was also again nominated for Speaker by the Re- 
publican caucus, and was elected by a handsome 
majority over his comix'titor, Hon. John Y. Stone. 
lie is the onl^' man in the State who ever had the 
lionc ir of being chosen to this high position a sec- 
ond time. He cnjovs the reputation of being an 
able parliamentarian, his rulings never having been 
ai)[)ealed from. At the close of the session he 
again received the unanimous thanks of the House 
of Ivepresentatives for his courtesy and impartialit}', 
and fur the able and satisfactory manner iu which 
he had presided over that l)<)dy. 

In I.s77 he was nominated for Governor by the 
Hcpulilican convention whicli met at Des Moines, 
.June 28, and at the electicm held the following 
October he received 121,5-lG votes, against 79,353 
for John P. Irish, 10,639 for Ellas Jessup and 38,- 
Vi6 for D. P. Stubbs. His plurality over Irish 

was 42,193. He was inaugurated .Tan. 17, 187^, 
and served four years, being re-elected in 1879 by 
the following handsome vote: Gear, 157,571 
Trimble, 85,056; CamplKll, 45.430; Dungan, 3,258, 
Gear's majority over all competitors, 23,828. His 
second inauguration occurred in January of tlie 1880. 

Gov. Gear's business habits enabled him to dis 
charge the duties of his ofiicc with marked abiP'y 
He found the financial condition of the State at 
low ebb, but raised Iowa's credit to that of the 
liest of our States. In his Last biennial mcss.age he 
was able to report: "The warrants out-standing, 
but not bearirjg interest, Sept. 30, 1881, amounted 
to '^122,093.74, and there are now in the treasury 
ample funds to meet the current expenses of the 
State. The war and defense debt has been paid, 
except the warrants for ijl 25,000 negotiated by the 
Executive, Auditor and Treasiu'cr, under the law 
of the 18th General Assembly, and 12,500 of 
the original bonds not yet presented for pay- 
ment. The only other debt owing by tlie State 
amounts to $245,435.19, due to the permanent 
school fund, a portion of which is made irrcdcem 
able by the Constitutit)n. These facts place Iowa 
practically among the States which have no debt, 
a consideration which nnist add much to her repu 
tation. The expenses of the State for the last two 
years are less than those of any other period since 
1869, and this notwithstanding the fact that the 
State is to-day sustaining several institutions not 
then in existence; namelj^, the hospital at Inde- 
pendence, the additional penitentiary, the Normal 
School and the asylum for the feeble-minded chil- 
dren, besides the girl's department of the reform 
school. The State also, at present, makes proviiiou 
for fish culture, for a useful weather, service, fo 
sanitary supervision l>y a Board of Health, form 
couraging immigration to the State, for the inspcc 
tion of coal mines by a State Inspector, and liber- 
ally for the military arm of the Government." 

Gov. Gear is now in the sixtj'-flrst year of his 
age, and is in the full vigor of both his and 
physical faculties. He was married in 1852 to 
Harriet S. Foot, formeriy of the town of Middle- 
bury, Vermont, by whom he has had ftnu' children 
two of whom are living. 




XE of the iiKist ilistiiij^uiisiiril 

geutlcnicn who was e\ir 

liiiiiorcd with the positidu 

'■^_, of Chief Elxeeiitivc of the 

>. ,T State IS Biireu R. Slicniiaii, 

kj-.<j^J. ^|jg eleventli Oovernor (_)f 

-j^-M!"^ Iowa, w'ho is a native of New York. 
Svlk?0 ^^ ^^^'^ "^ the town of Phelps, in On- 
tario County, that he was born toliis 
parents, Phineas L. and Eveline 
(Robinson) Sherman, on the 28th of 
May, 183(5, and was the third son of 
a distinguished family of children. 
His parents were likewise natives of 
the limpire State. Buren R. attended the piililic 
schools of his neighborh(.)od, but was subsequontlv 
given advantages of the .schools at Almira, N. Y.. 
where he acquii-ed a very thorough knowledge cjf 
the English branches. His father, who was a me- 
chanic, advised him at the close of his studies to 
apprentice fcim.self to learn sonic trade. lie ac- 
cordingly made such arrangements with S. A_ycrs, <if 
-Muiira, to learn the trade of a watclimaker. In 
1 H.')."). hdwcvcr. Ill' left this ]](>sition .-ind jnincd iii.s 
f.-'mily (in their rciuoval to Ihi' tlicn nev.- Stale of 
Iowa. They settled niiun a |iircc<)l' nnbro!:o:i prai- 
rie land on what is noiv (Jencseo 'lownshiii. 'rania 

(ounly, liis father having previously purchased 
land from the Government. Hero Bnrcn R. labored 
diligently in developing his father's fields, devoting, 
however, leisure hours wliiciiho was granted, to the 
study of law. Bef<ire leaving his Eastern home he 
had decided upon tliat iwofession and began \i< 
study while yet in Almira. He soon secured a ])o- 
sition as a )iii(ik-ker)iei- in n neighboring town, and 
with the wages earned tliere, materially assisted hit 
father in the dev( lojnnent of their home farm. ir. 
the meantime he li-id applied liinisclf diligently tc 
the study of his books, and so studious had he 
been that in the summer of 1 8,')'.l. he was enabled 
to ])ass a. creditable examination and to be admitted 
to the bar. 'riie following siiring tiie 3'onng attor- 
ney niiivcd to Yintiai, hung out his shingle and be- 
gan tlie iiractice of his profession. He was associated 
with Hon. "William Smyth, formerly District Judge, 
and .7. C. Traer, inidcr tlie firm name of Smyth, 
'i'raer iV Sherman. 'I'lie new tirni r:ipidly grew into 
promincuee, l)uilding up a, iirusperous jiractice, 
when Mr. Sherman withdrew to tender his services 
til the (Government in defense of her integrity and 

It was early in 1 S(il, directly' after the enemy had 
.■issaulted the jVnierican flag on Snmt<'r, that the 
yiiung attorney enlisted in Co. G, liUh Iowa Vol, 



Jiif., Mild iiii)iic(li:itcly went to the front. He 
ciiteied the serviec a.s .Secoiiil .'^ergeant, and in 
FeliinaiN. l.s(!2, was made Second l^icntenant of 
Company 10. On (he (ith of A|iiil following he was 
v^ery se\erel_v wonnded at the liattle of I'ittsbnrgli 
Landing, and while in the hospital was promoted to 
the rank of Captain. He rt'turned to his company 
while yet obliged to nse his crntehes, and remained 
on dnty till the summer of 18G3, when, l)y reason of 
his wound, he was compelled to resign and return 
home. Soon after relurnijig from the army he was 
elected County Judge of Benton County, and re- 
elected without opposition in 1.SG."). In the autumn 
of 186G he resigned his judgeship and accepted the 
office of Clerk of the IMstrict Court, to which he 
was re-elected in IMG.S, IsTi) an<l ls72. and in 
Dceemlter, 1 s71. resigned in oriier to acce[)t the 
olnee of Auditor of .State, to whicii office he had 
Ixen elected by a majority of ;^s,42.5 over J. M. 
King, the "anti-monopoly " candidate. In 187G he 
was renominated and received .')(), 272 more votes 
than W. (irowneweg (Denmcrat) and Leonard 
Ijrowne ((Jreenljaclc) together. In l.s7« he was 
again chosen to represent the Uei^nljlican party 
in that office, and this time reci'ived a major- 
ity of 7,lGt over the combined votes of Col. 
r^ihoeck (Democrat) ;ind (J. V. Swearenger (Green- 
back). Fn the six years that he held this otiice, he 
was untiring in his faithful ap[)licalion to rou.tine 
woik and devotion to his sh;ire of the Slate's 
business. He retired with such an cnvialilc record 
that it was with no surprise the pcoi)le iearned, 
.lune 27, IHHl, that he was the nominee of the Re- 
publican party for (Jovtrnor. 

The campaign was an exciting one. The Ceneral 
Assembly hatl submitted to tlu' i)eople the ))rohibi- 
toi-y aniciidmenl to the Constitution. This, while 
not :i partisan i|uestion, became upi)ei-nHjst in the 
liiind of the public. Mr. Shcrmai received 133.- 
."330 votes, against 83,2 11 toi- Ivinue and 2s,l 12 for 
i). M. Clark, or a plurality of aD.dMG and a niajor- 
;tj' of 21,i)7l. In 1883 he was re-uominated l)y 
the Republicans, as well as L. ('•. Kiuni' by the 
Democrats. The National party offered .J. B. 
Weaver. During the campaign these candiilates 
iield a number of joint discussioris .at different 
[joints in the Slate. At the election the vote was: 

Sherman, 164,182; Kinne, 130,093; Wc.iver, 23,. 
08!); Sherman's plurality, 25,08!); majority. 2,000 
In his second inaugural Gov, Sherman said : 

" In assuming, for the second time, the otllce ol 
Chief Magistrate for the State, 1 fully realize n>j 
grateful obligations to the people of Iowa, through 
whose generous confidence T am here. I r.m aware 
of the duties and grave responsibilities of this ex- 
alted position, and as Viell what is expected of me 
therein. As in the past I have given my undivided 
time and serious attention thereto, so iii the future 
I promise the most earnest devotion and untiring 
efl'ort in the faithful performance C)f my official re- 
qui«'menls. I have seen the State grow from in- 
fancy to mature manhood, and each j'ear one of 
substantial betterment of its i)revious position. 

" With more railroads than any State, save two; 
with a schofil interest the grandest and strongest, 
which commands the support and confidence of all 
the [jcople, and a populaticm, which in its entirety 
is superior to any other in the sisterhood, it is 
not strange the pride which attaches to our people. 
When we remember that the results of our efforts iu 
the direction of good government have been 
crowneil!i such magnificent success, and to-day 
we have a S'.ate in most perfect [)iiysieai and linan- 
eial condition, no wonder our hearts swell iu honest 
[iride as we contemi)iate the past and so contideutly 
hope for the future. What we may become de- 
|)ends on our own efforts, and to that future I look 
with earnest and abiding rouli<lence." 

Gov. Shcman's term cf office continued until .Ian. 
11, 188G, when he was succeeded by William l.arra- 
bee, and hi' is now, tem]i()rai-ily. [lerhaps, enjoying 
a well-earned rest. He has been a Reimiilican since 
the organization of that {ii-rty. and his services as a 
cam[)aign speaker have been for many years in 
great dom-ind. As an officer he has lieen able to 
make an enviable record. Himself honorable and 
thorough, his managemeu'^ nf public liiisiness has 
been of the same character, and such as has com- 
mended him to the approval of his fellow-citizens. 

He was married, Aug. 21), I sr,2. to .Miss Lena 
Kendall, of \'inton, Iowa, ;i young lad_v ot rare ac- 
c,)ini)lishinents and strength of character. Their 
uniuu his heeu h ip|iy iu every resi)-.'Ct. They have 
two <hililreu — Lena lieudall and Oscar Eugime. 





present able Governor of 
Iowa, and the twelftli gen- 
i^ tleman selected by the 
jieople as the Chief Blagis- 
trate of the great Coni- 
'^- monwealth, is a native of 
Connecticut. His ancestors 
were among tlie French Iliigiionots who 
came to America early in the seventeenth 
century and located in Connecticut. At 
that time they bore the name of d'Larra- 
liee. Adam Larrabee, the father f)f Will- 
iam, was born March 14, 17S7, and was 
one of tfi'e early graduates of the West 
Point Military Academj'. He served his 
ciiiintiy dui'ing tlie War of 1.S12, with distinction, 
hohlingtlic position of Second Lieutenant, to whicii 
he was commissioned JMarch 1, 1811. He was pro- 
niotc'l to the Captaincj- of his com pan j' Feb. 1, 
1814, and on the 30th of the following JIarch, at 
the battle of Lacole Mills, -airing Gen. Wilkinson's 
campaign on the Saint Lawrence River, he was 
severelj' wounded in the lung. He eventually re- 
oovered fr(jm the injury and was united in mar- 
riage to Hannah (r. Lester. This much esteemed 
lad}' was born June 3, 1798, and died on the loth L'f 
March, 1837. Capt. Larr.abee lived to an ad- 
vanced age, dying in 18G'J, at the age of eighty- 
two j'ears. 

As above mentioned, William, our subject, was 

born in Connecticat, the town of Led\-ard being 
the place of his birth and .Tan. -20, 1 832, the date. 
He was the seventh child in a family of nine cliil- 
dren, and passed the early yeais of liis life upon a 
rugged New England farm, enjoying verj' meager 
educational advantages. He attended, during tlie 
winter seasons, the neighboring district schools 
until he reached the age of nineteen j^ears, when, 
during the following two winters, he filled tlie )) 
tion of schoolmaster. lie was ambitious to do 
something in life for himself that would bring fort- 
une and distinction, but in malving his plans for the 
future he was embarrassed Ijy .a misfortune whicli 
liefell him when fourteen 3'ears of age. In being 
trained to the use of firearms under liis fatlier's 
direction, an accidental discliarge resulted in tlic 
loss of the sight in tlie right eye. This 
quently unfitted him for many employments usually 
sought by ambitious 3'ouiig men. The family 
lived near the seashore, only two miles a\v;iy, and 
in that neighborhood it wa.- the ciislom for at least 
one son in each family to go upon the sea as a 
sailor. The two eldest brothers of our subject had 
chosen this occupation while tin? tliird remained in 
charge of the home farm. William was tlius left 
free to chose for himself and, like immy of tliC 
youths of that day, he wisely turned his face West- 
ward. The year 18.'>3 found iiini on lliis journey 
toward the setting sun, stopping only when he 
came to the broad and fertile iirairies of the new 
State of Iowa, He first joined his elder sister. JMr-s 



E. H. Williams, who was :it that time living at 
Gainax iilo, C'liiytoii Comity. It w:is this circum- 
stance whicii led the young boy from Connecticut 
lo select his future home in the northeastern por- 
tion of low.-i. He resumeil his occupation as a 
[jctlagogue, teaching, however, but one winter, 
which was passed at Hardin. The following three 
years he was emijloyed in tiie capacity of foreman 
on the Grand Meadow farm of his brother-in-law, 
.ludge Williams. 

In 1S.")7 he bought a one-third interest in the 
Clermont Mills, and located at Clermont, Fayette 
Count}'. He soon was al)le to buy the other two- 
thirds, and within a year found himself sole owner. 
He operated this mill until 1874 when he sold to 
S. j\I. Leach. On the breaking out of the war he 
offered to enlist, but was rejected on accoimt of 
the loss of his right eye. Being informed he might 
possibly be admitted as a commissioned olficer, he 
raised a comi)any and received a commission as 
First Jjieutenant, but was again rejected for the 
same dis.abilit}'. 

After selling the mill ]\Ir. Larrabee devoted him- 
self to farming, and started a private bank at Cler- 
mont. He also, experimentally, started a lai'ge 
nur.serv, but this resulted only in confirming the 
belief that Norther)! Iowa has too rigorous a cli- 
mate for fruit-raising. 

i\Ir. Larrabee did not begin his pcjlitical career 
until 1SG7. He was reared as a Whig and ])ecame 
n Repuliliean on the organization of that party. 
While interested in jiolitics he generally refused 
local olllees, serving onl}- as Treasurer of the 
School Board pi'ior to 1 8G7. In the autumn of 
that yeai', on the l\c'[iubliiau ticket, he was elected 
to rei)resent his count}' in the State Senate. To 
tills high [losititm he was re-elected from time to 
time, so that he served as Senator continuously for 
eighteen years liefore being promoted to the high- 
est office in the State. He was so popular at home 
that he was generally re-noininated liy acclamation, 
and for .some 3'ears the Democrats did not even 

make nominations. During the whole eighteen 
years Senator Lari-abee was a member of the prin- 
ci|)al committee, that on Ways and Means, of which 
he was generall}' Chairman, and also a member 
of other committees. In the pursuit of the duties 
thus devolving upon him, he indefatigable. 
It is said that he never missed a committee meet- 
ing. N<it alone in this, but in private and public 
business oi all kinds, his uniform habit is that <jf 
close application to work. Many of the important 
measures passed by the Legislature owe their ex- 
istence or present form to him. 

He was a candidate for the gubernatorial nomina- 
tion in LS81, liiit entered the contest too late, as 
Gov. Sherman's followhig had been successfully 
organized. In LS,S5 it was generally conceded be- 
fore the meeting of the convention that he wouhl 
be nominated, which he was, and his election fol- 
lowed as a matter of course. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 14, liSSO, and so far has niaile an exci'lli'iit 
(iovernor. His position in regard to the licpior 
question, that tm which political fortunes are made 
and lost in Iowa, is that the majority sin mid rule. 
He was personally in favor of high license, but 
having lieen elected Governor, and sworn to up. 
hold the Constitution and execute the laws, he |)ro- 
poses to do so. 

A Senator who sat beside him in tlie Senate de 
dares him to be "a man of the broadest compre- 
hension and information, an extraordinarily clear 
reasoner, fair and conscientious in his conclusions, 
and of Spartan linnness in his matured judgment," 
and saj's that " he brings the practical facts and 
philosophy of human iiatnre, the science and his- 
tory of law, to aid in his decisions, and adheres with 
the earnestness of Jefferscm and Sitinncr to the 
fundainental principles of the ])eople's rights." 

Gov. Larrabee was married Sejit. 1 2, 1 SG 1 , at Cler- 
mont, to Anna M. Appelman, daughter of Capt. 
G. A. Appelman. Gov. Larrabee has seven chil- 
<lren — Charles, Augusta, Julia, Anna, William, 
Frederic and Helen. 















55— «- 




of Iowa, is a lawj'er liy 
profession, and a resident 
of the city of Waterloo, 
-j, ^ - ^ . — ';:^Bss^;^»is;-i of this State, where he 
S^ ^^"^ has been in active prac 
" tice since April, 1867. Governor 
Boies is a son of Eher and Hettie 
(Henshaw) Boies, and was born in 
Aurora, Erie County, N. Y.,on the 
7tli day of December, 1827. His 
father was a farmer by occupation, 
and in moderate circumstances, and 
Horace was reared under the 
healthful and moral influences of 
farm life. He attended the public schools, as op- 
portunity afforded, until sixteen years of age, when 
being inspired with au ambition to see more of the 
world than had been possible for him within tlie 
narrow limits of liis native town, with the added 
variety of an occasional visit to Buffalo, he per- 
suaded his parents to consent to his departure for 
the West. Passage was secured on a steamer at 
Buffalo, wliich was bound up the lakes, and in due 
time he landed at the little hamlet of Racine, Wis. 
This was in the spring of 1843, while Wisconsin 

was a Territory and but sparsely settled. The total 
Cfisli assets of tiie _youtliful emigrant amounted to 
but seventy-five cents, wliieh necessitated .strict 
economy and immediate employment. Not finding 
a favorable opening at Racine he struck out on 
foot-in search of work among the farmers, which 
lie secured with a settler near Rochester, and some 
twenty miles from Racine. His employer proved 
a hard task-master and kept the boy hard at the la- 
borious work of ditch digging, while he stinted 
him at meals. After a month spent in a half- 
starved condition, and over-worked, the subject of 
our sketch received the sum of ^10 for his services, 
and broken down in health, moved on a few miles, 
where he luckily fell in with a family that had 
moved from the neighborhood of his home. They 
proved true friends and kindly cared for liim 
through a long illness, that was the legitimate con- 
sequence of his previous month of hardship and 

On recovering his healtli, young Boies continued 
at farm work until a year had elapsed since he had 
left his liome. He then returned to his native 
town, having learned the useful lesson of self-re- 
liance, which in after years enabled him to more 
easily overcome the dif33culties that beset the way 



of him who has to hew out his own roar! to success. 

Ou his return to Aurora, Mr. Boies pursued a 
course of study at tlie Aurora Acadeui}-, and hater 
spent one winter in teaching school in Boone 
Count3', 111. Returning to New York, he was mar- 
ried in Aurora, on the 18th of April, 1848, to Miss 
Adela King, a daugliter of Darius and Hannah 
King. Mrs. Boies was born in Erie Count}-, N. Y. 
Three children were born of their union, of whom 
onl}' one is now living, a daughter, Adela, who was 
the wife of John W. Carson, now deceased. Mrs. 
Carson resides at Ml. ^'ernon, Iowa. 

In i8r)0 Mr. I5oies began thestudj- of law in Au- 
rora and pursued it in that iilace and also in Bos- 
ton, of Erie County; and was admitted to the bar 
at Buffalo, at the general term of the Su[)rcmo 
Court in November, 1M52. He pursued the prac- 
tice of his profession in Buffalo and vicinity with 
marked success, and in tlic fall of 1857 was chosen 
to represent his district in the New York House of 
Representatives, for the session of 1858. 

In the autumn of 1855 Mr. Boies was called to 
mourn the loss of his wife, who died in November, 
of that year. He was married again in December, 
1858, in Waterloo, Iowa, to Miss A'ersalia M. Bar- 
ber, a daughter of Dr. 1'. .7. Barber. Mrs. Boies 
was born in Boston, Erie County, N. Y., and had 
removed to Iowa six months prior to her marriage. 
Slie died in April, 1877, leaving three children, a 
daughter and two sons. Earl L., the eldest, was 
graduated at Cornell College, studied law witli his 
father, was admitted to the bar in 188G,and is now 
his father's partner. Jessie, the only daughter, is 
her father's companion and housekeeper. Herbert 
B., the youngest, is a law studeut, reading law in 
his father's office. 

Mr. Boies after pursuing the practice of his pro- 
fession at Buffalo and vicinlt}' for fifteen years, re- 
moved to Iowa, and settled at Waterloo, in April, 
1867. He at once formed a law partnership with IT. 
B. Allen, and for a time the firm was Boies & Allen, 
then Carlton F. Couch, the present district judge, 
was admitted to membership, and the (irni name l)e- 
came Boies, Allen &, Couch. That connection was 
continued until 1878, when Mr. Allen, on account of 
failing health, was obliged to withdraw. The firm 
continueil under the style of Boies it Couch until 

1884, when Mr. Couch was elected Judge of the 
Ninth Judicial District. Mr. Boies was then alone 
in business for a short time, until joined by his 
eldest son, E. L. In 1886 Mr. James L. Husted 
was admitted to membership in the firm, which has 
since continued under the name of Boies, Husted 
& Boies, and which is widely known as a leading 
law firm of Eastern Iowa. 

Gov. Boies was a Whig in early life, and on the 
disruption of that party and the formation of the 
Republican party, he joined the latter. But he 
never ambitious to serve in official positions, and 
with the exception of one term in the New York 
Legislature and one term as City Attorney at Wa- 
terloo, he held no office of consequence until elected 
Governor of Iowa in the fall of 1889. He main- 
tained his connection with the Republican party 
until 1882, since which time he has alRliated with 
the Democrats. Gov. Boies enjoj's the distinction 
of being the first Governor of Iowa elected by the 
Democratic part}' for a period of thirty-five years, 
and was the onl}' successful candidate of his party 
on the State ticket at the late election. Consider- 
ing the fact that the State was carried the year pre- 
vious in the Presidential election, by a majority of 
thirty-five thousand in favor of the Republicans, 
the success of Gov. Boies may be said to have been 
a marked compliment to him as a man and a leader, 
without disparaging the splendid campaign work of 
his party man,igers, or ignoring the effect of the evi- 
dent change in popular political sentiment in Iowa. 

As a lawyer, Gov. Boies has won prominence by 
his ability and well-grounded knowledge of law, 
an earnest and conscientious regard for the inter- 
ests of his clients, and the confidence and respect 
he never fails to command in addressing the court 
or jury. His life has been a bus}' one, and success 
has been achieved by indefatigable industry, close 
study, and strict integrity of character. He is not 
a pc>litician in the common acceptation of the term, 
and the nomination for Governor came to him un- 
sought and was only accepted througli a sense of 
duty to the party with whose principles he was in 
close sympathy. He enters upon the discharge of 
his official duties under peculiar circumstances, but 
with the confidence of all parties that his adminis- 
tration will be able, honest and fair. 

Polk County. 









TvHE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand tliat a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
.safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, wlio in their prime entered 
tlie wilderness and claimed the "virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining who can relate the incidents of tlie first days 
3f settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be tbrgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Thi pyramids of Egypt were built to [jerpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeoiogists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many of them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 



'^/^yv^'Q " iD— Eir 'L-''''^(_ 



^ "7^^^^^ 




HAM JORDAN, a por- 
trait of whom appears on 
the opposite page, is one 
of tiie most prominent 
pioneers of Poli< C'o\inty, 
Iowa, wiio is still a resident of 
y;^ W-^lnut Township, living in the 
i^^ spot where he first pitched his tent 
in September, I846,anu deserves es- 
pecial mention in this volume. He 
was born in Harrison County, Xa.. 
on the 4th of March. 1813, and is a 
son of John and Agnes (Cunning- 
ham) Jordan, who were also natives 
of the Old Dominion. His family d.ites its settle- 
ment in Virginia back to early Colonial times. 
George .Jordan, the grandfather of our subject, was 
there born and participated in the War of the 
Revolution. Soon after the Colonists had achieved 
independence he removed with a portion of his 
family to the wilds of Illinois, about 1785, and set- 
tled on the Okaw River, near wiiere the city of 
Vandalia now stands. He indeed a pioneer of 
the West, having been one of the first white settlers 
to locate in the Mississippi >'allcy. 

John Jordan, his only son, was born in Harrison 
County, Va., and made farming his principal occu- 
pation. He wedded Jliss Cunningham, and when 
our subject three years old removed with his 
family to Randolph ("ounty, W. V.a., and thence a 
few years later went to Greenbriar County. 

.Tames Jordan passed his early life in the usual 
routine of farm labor and in the district schools of 
the neighborhood acquired his edncation. He had 
almost reached man's estate when the family' re- 
moved to F,ayette County, Va.. and was twenty 
years of age when he emigrated to the Territory of 
Michigan, settling near Niles, where he was en- 
gaged in farming and tra<ling. Four j'ears later, 
wlule yet a resident of Michigan, he was married in 
1837, to Miss Melinda Pitman, a native of Knox 
County, Ohio, and a daughter of Benjamin and 
Jemima Pitman. Six children were born of their 
union — Benjamin P. wedded Miss Mary Haines, 
and is engaged in the grocery business in the vil- 
lage of Commerce, Polk County; Emil^- Agnes is 
the wife of George P. Hanawalt, a leading physi- 
cian and surgeon of Des Moines; Henry Clay, 
the present Postmaster of Gilmore City, Iowa, 
married Miss .\lice Warner; (Henry C. Jorrlan 
enlisted in the (iovernracnt service in Company A, 



Tweuty-thirtl lova Infantr3'. in 1862, for tliieu 
years : after two years of service, during which lime 
he participaterl in many hnrcl-fought battles — siege 
.jf Vicksburg, Chaniinon Mills, and other imiior- 
tant and sanguinary engagements, he was appointed 
cadet to West Point as a reward for meritorious 
conduct while in the service). John Q. is sin- 
gle and resides with his father; James ¥., also un- 
married, was the first white child born west of 
Des Moines in Polk County. He was appointed 
Government storekeeper under Arthur's adminis- 
tration, at Des Moines, served until Cleveland's ad- 
ministration came in when he was removed for 
offensive partizanship, since when he has been 
teaching; George B. married Miss Louise AVaj-ne, 
and is a resident of Pocahontas County, Iowa. 

After his marriage Mr. Joi'dan removed to 
Piatt County, JIo., and in September, 1846, made 
his wa}- l)y team to Polk County. He selected a 
site for a home in Walnut Township, near Coon 
River, on Section !(!, |>itched his teut belween two 
burr oak trees, which were but a few paces apart 
and have since shaded his home. A log cabin was 
soon erected on the site of his present commodious 
and tasty residence, which hns for many years not 
only sheltered his own family but also proved a 
hospitable haven for the weary traveler and land- 
seeker of early days. Since the large ami room}- 
mansion has taken the place of the log cahin, the 
same broad spread of hospitality has prevailed and 
the rich and poor, the high and low, have alwaj'S 
found aclieery welcome by the old-fashioned open 
fire-place that has always been a striking and pleas- 
ant feature to Mr. Jordan's home, especially when 
the driving storms of winter keep the family 
within doors, and when some storm-bound traveler 
has sought protection and comfort in its warmth 
and light. Mr. Jordan made a wise selection in his 
choice of land and prospered from the start. He 
extended his possessions until he was the owner of 
eighteen hundred acres of land at one time. Until 
recently he has owned and operated a farm of six 
hundred acres, but reduced it considerably by a 
sale of a $28,000 tra<'t. Dealing in live-stoek has 
constituted an important feature in his business, he 
carrying on that branch of industry on an cxten- 
sivi- scale. At one lime he fed upwards of seven 

hundred head of steers and fifteen hundred head of 
hogs, and the following season bought and sold 
§33,000 worth of hogs. For the past few years he 
has devoted most of his attenlion to ihe raising of 
thoroughliri'd Short h(jrn cattle and to shi[iping 

In 1855 Mr. Jordan lost his wife and the follow- 
ing year wedded C^'nthia Adams, who was born in 
Canandaigua, Yates Count^^, N. Y., and is a daugh- 
ter of Cyrus Adams. Five children were born of 
their union, of whom two sons and a daughter are 
now living. Ella is the wife of John P. Cook, a 
farmer of Walworth Township; Calvin S., who is 
living in Oklahoma; Eva died at the age of ten 
years; Eda died when three 5'ears of age, and Ed- 
ward, the 3'oungest, is a medical student under the 
preceptorship of Dr. Ilanawalt, of Des Moines. 

Mr. Jordan was a Whig in early life and al- 
though born and reared in a pro-slavery State, was 
always an earnest opposer of slaver}'. After com- 
ing to Iowa his home in AValnut Tovvnship was 
often a haven for fugitive slaves while escaping to 
Canada. John Urown, with a small party of col- 
ored people whom he was leading to freedom, was 
once his welcome guest. He was on his way to 
Virginia accompanied by the principal ones of that 
band that met defe.nt shortly after at Harper's 
Ferrj'. Twenty-four colored people accomiianied 
him at that time. Mr. Jordan cast his first vote 
for Ilonry Clay, for President, being then a minor, 
but under the ruling of the election judges he was 
invited to vote as his father was dead and he was 
recognized as the head of the family. Since that 
time, 1832, up to the present, 189(i. he has never 
failed to vote at the presidential elections, either 
for Whig or Republican candidate and is an enthu- 
siastic admirer of President lienjamin Harrison. 
Mr. Jordan has taken an active interest in politics 
and in the fall of 1853, was elected to the State 
Senate !)}• a majority of eighty-four votes, but was 
counted out on account of some slight irregularity 
in the returns from two townships in Jasper 
County. He contested the seat and won, but not 
until his opponent, who had been admitted to a 
voice in the Senate, had voted on the election of 
United States Senator. 'The United States Senate, 
however refused to seat the member so elected and 



on tnking his seat in the State Senate, Mr. Jordan 
hail the privilege of voting for Mr. Harlan, who 
was elected. The question of the removal of llie 
.Stite Capital from Iowa City to Dcs Moines, had 
been agitated several times and failed, and it was 
daring Mr. Jordan's term of oflice of State Scfiator 
that the removal was accomplished and Des Moines 
became the capital city. That he worked fai'.h- 
fully and earnestly to accomplish the result so 
nuH-h coveted by his constituents, is well-known, 
and that he exerted a strong influence in support 
of the measure is well remembered by his surviv- 
ing colleagues. He was a member of the Polk 
Coniity Board of Supervisors three times under the 
old law, and served as President of that body. 
'•His i)ub!ic spirit is indicated by his gifts to pub- 
lic enterprises. When the Valley Railroad pro- 
posed to extend its lines to Des Moines if >*70,000 
cDidd be rniscd, he was one of one hundred to 
voluntarilv tax themselves according to their last 
assessment to make up that amount. It cost him 
about §1,000 in cash to do this and his gifts to the 
cause of education and religion would aggregate a 
small fortune." His nomination and election in the 
fall of 1878, to the Eighteenth General Assembly, 
b}' a vote larger than his party ticket was a just 
compliment to his loyalt}- to his party and a vindi- 
cation of his past political career. 

For sixt3' years the Methodist Episcopal (Jhnrch 
has found Mr. Jordon a faithful member and an ac- 
tive worker. He has contributed liberally to the 
building of churches and colleges and the support 
of the ministry, and it was under the roof of his log 
cabin that the first church services were held in 
AValnut Townshij) and his hospitality lias always 
been freely extended to the elerg}-. He contrib- 
uted a large portion' of the funds u.sed in the con- 
struction of the Methodist Church, which is known 
as Jordan Chapel. The church having been re- 
moved from its original location to one more dis- 
tant from his residence, Mr. Jordan and his wife 
have transferred their meml)ership to the First 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of Des Moines. In 
the history of early banking in Des Moines, Mr. 
Jordan's name api)ears as one of the Directors of the 
Des Moines branch of the State Bank, in which 
he was a stockholder, and bis financial relations 

have been extended and important. He has led a 
a remarkably active and useful life. Indefatigable 
energy, enterprise and sagacious business foresight 
have characterized his progress while promptness 
and the strictest integrity have made his name re- 
spected and his word as good as his bond. His ac- 
quaintance throughout the State among public 
characters is extended to a degree seldom acquired 
by one employed in agricultural pursuits, and all 
wlio know him recognize in him a man of superior 
intelligence, great force of character and sierling 

' ^ the best known of Polk County's many 
^^' prominent citizens. For the past eighteen 
years he has held the office of Count}' Coroner, 
and two }"ears will have passed ere his present 
term expires. He was born in Trumbull County, 
Ohio, on the Western Reserve, April 2, 1820, and 
is a son of Philip and Lydia (Lee) Griffith). His 
mother was a daughter of Abljah Lee and a cousin 
of the late Bishop Lee, of Davenport, Iowa. Their 
marriage was celebrated in Montgomery Count}-, 
N. Y., in 1815, and by their union was born 
Caroline, who is now deceased; Adelines., widow of 
Albert Ilolcomb. is a resident of Michigan; Isaac 
W. is the next 3'ounger; Lois L. is the deceased 
wife of Houston Dilley; George W. is a resident 
of Wisconsin; Elvira is the widow of Mr. Bosley, 
of Portage County. Ohio; and Henry, after serving 
three years in the late war, died in Ashtabula 
County, Ohio. Mr. Griffith, Sr., who was a carpen- 
ter and joiner by trade, removed to Ohio, in 18IG, 
and settled in Trumbull County, where both he 
and his wife spent the remainder of their days. 
His death occurred at the age of fifty-eight years, 
and his wife departed this life in 1887, at the very 
advanced age of ninety-two years. The families 
of both were noted for longevity. 

After leaving the district schools, where his prim- 
ary education was acquired, our subject attended 
the academy in Farminglon, Ohio, which was a 
branch of the Western Reserve College, located 
in Portage County. At the age of eighteen years 



he started out in life for himself, having since de- 
pended entirely upon his own resources. He had 
no capital with which to begin life, but possessed 
energy and determination, and step by step has 
worked his waj- upward to a position in which he 
may well feel a just pride. On the 30lh of August, 
1838, he left Farmington, Ohio, and made an en- 
gagement with a Mr. Grossbeck, who contracted 
for his services for a jear. He drove a team to 
Ft. Madison, then known as the Black Hawk Pur- 
chase, after which he cultivated a farm for his em- 
ployer until the time of his service had expired, 
when he rented the same land and engaged in busi- 
ness for himself. After his crops had been gath- 
ered for the year, he went to West Point, Lee 
County, where he worked at the carpenter's trade. 
It was during his residence in "West Point that, on 
the 17th of September, 1840, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Eales Brand, the ceremony being 
performed bj' Parson Asa Turner, of Denmark, 
Iowa. The lady is a daughter of Samuel and Mar- 
garet (G'ill)ert) Brand, both of whom belonged to 
early and respected families of A'irginia. The}' 
emigrated from Indiana to Burlington, Iowa, in 
the year 1838, and later removed to West Point, 
where the mother died at the age of sixty-seven 
years, and the father at the ripe age of eight}'- 
two years. The latter was a soldier in tlie War of 
1812, and his father, James Brand, in the Revolu- 
tion, lu 1839, during the troubles concerning the 
boundary line between Iowa and Missouri, Col. 
Griffith, as a member of the State Militia, was 
sent to the disputed territory, where, it was feared, 
blood would be shed. Matters, however, were set- 
tled b}' the Supreme Court of the United States, 
and he then returned home. Siiortly afterward he 
was appointed Lieutenant of the Stale Militia b}* 
Gov. Lucas, and in 1843 was commissioned Cap- 
lain by Gov. Chambers. In 1846 he volunteered 
under the first call for troops for the Mexican War, 
but was unable to get in the arm\-. Later, a regi- 
ment was organized, comprising six Ohio com- 
panies, two companies from Michigan, one from 
Wisconsin and a tenth from Iowa, the regiment to 
be commanded by George W. Morgan, of Ohio, 
and known .is the Fifteenth United States Infantry. 
Our suhject. as Sergeant of Compr.n}- K. which 

formed a part of the Fifteenth Infantry, in 1847, 
was ordered with his regiment to Mexico to join 
the forces of Gen. Scott at Vera Cruz. They re- 
ported on the 10th of July of that year, and were 
engaged in a number of battles and skirmishes, in 
one of which — Churubusco — Sergt. Griflilh was 
wounded, a ball striking him just above the elbow 
of the right Jtrm. The wound proved to be of such 
a serious nature that it necessitated the amputa- 
tion of the member. He remained with the com- 
mand until October 27, 1847, when he was dis- 
charged from the service and returned to Lcc 
County. The papers had reported him dead, a 
mistake occasioned by the death of a namesake, 
and we can imagine with what joy his wife wel- 
comed his return. 

The public has also called upon Col. Griflilh 
for his services in the political field. He was 
elected and served as a member of the House of 
Representatives =n 1848. that being the second ses- 
sion of the State Legislature. He filled the posi- 
tion to the satisfaction of all concerned, and at the 
expiration of his term returned home, onl}- to be 
appointed Deputy Sheriff of Lee County. In 1850 
he went to Washington, D. C, and by President 
Pierce was given a position on the police force of 
the capital, continuing 16 serve in that city a year 
after the accession of James Buchanan to the Presi- 
dency. The family- remained in the capital until 
the spring of 1858, when he was appointsd Regis- 
ter of the Unitedi States Land office in Des Moines, 
which position be held until July, 1861. During 
the exciting times attending the breaking out of 
the Rebellion, it was found necessary to appoint a 
committee to attend to the war expenses and other 
such matters. Col. Griffith was one of that com- 
mittee, but afterward resigned to accept the nomi- 
nation for County Sheriff, which his man}' friends 
urged upon him. He was triumphantly elected in 
the f:dl of 1861, and upon the 1st day of January 
following, entered upon the discharge of his duties, 
continuing to fill the office until 1864, when he 
went to Mem[)his, Tenn. He was there appointed 
Deputy United States Marshal for the Western 
District of Tennessee, holding the office until the 
spring of 1868, when, with his family, he returned 
to Des Moines. The succeeding six years of his 



life were spent in charge of the toll-bridge and in 
the pursnalof various vocations. wliereb3-he might 
secure a livelihood for his faniilj-. These included 
a number of official positions, and in 1872 he was 
elected to the otHce of Coroner of Polk Countj', 
wliich position he has held continuously since, cov- 
ering a period of eighteen consecutive years. In the 
month of June. 1886, he was appointed Bailiff of 
the Supreme Court of Iowa, and is also the pres- 
ent incumbent of that position. He was succes- 
sively appointed by Govs. Merrill, Kirkwood and 
Newbold, on the gubernatorial staff, with the rank 
of Lieutenant-Colonel of Cavalry. 

We now return to the domestic relations of Mr. 
Griffith. By his union with Miss Brand a family 
of four children was born, but the eldest died in 
infancy. Stephen S., who faithfully served his 
country during the late war, as a member of 
Company K, Seventeenth Inwa Infantr}-. and died 
in l^i77, from disease contracted while in the 
service. He wedded Miss Martha A. Skinner, who, 
with their only child, Carrie L.. now makes her 
home in Des Moines; Albert Lee, who was born in 
Lee County, Iowa, October 10, 1816, and fought 
as one of the boys in bhu; of Compau}- C. Eighth 
Iowa Regiment, wedded Miss Mar3- Russell, by 
whom he has two children. Frank and Lena, and 
also makes his home in this city; Augustus J., 
who was born December 26, 18o0. in Lee County, 
is now a telegraph operator and railroad man; 
he married Miss Haltie E. Waterbur}% and the}' 
also have two children, Isaac W.-and Charles M. 
Almost half a centurj' has passed since Mr. and 
Mrs. Griffith, as man and wife, started out on life's 
journey. Should they be spared until the I7th of 
September, 1890, it will* be the fiftieth anniversary 
of their wedding. The greater part of their mar- 
ried life has been spent in Iowa, and for many 
years they have made their home in Des M.oines, 
and with the best interests of the city have ever 
been identified. They are earnest and faithful 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
the poor and need\' have received from them help 
in many times of trouble. Socially, the Captain is 
a member of the Independent Order of Oild Fellow.s, 
with which he has been connected for fortj- years, 
and also belongs to the G. A. R. Post, of Des 

Moines. In 1888 he went as a delegate to the 
Grand Army of the Republic Encampment at Co- 
lumbus, Ohio, and there met Col. Morgan, of Mt. 
\'ernon, Ohio, his old colonel under whom he 
served in the Mexic-an War. Many were the remi- 
niscences and tales told of those bygone days, and 
it is needless to say the meeting was one of great 
enjoyment to both. The record of Col. Griffith is 
one of which his friends, children and descendants 
may well be proud. His career in the sociil, busi- 
ness and political world has ever been such as to 
win the respect and well wishes of all with whom 
he came in contact. He was a faithful soldier 
during the Mexican War and a loyal and patriotic 
citizen throughout the Rebellion. II(! well deserves 
mention in this volume, and it is with pleasure 
that we record this sketch. 

^ -l-*-| 

'^OV. BENJAMIN F. GUE, who Ims been a 
resident of Iowa since 1852, was born in 

^^ Greene County, N. Y., December 25. 1828, 
and is a son of John and Catherine (Gurne\') Gue. 
His father was liorn in Westchester County, N. Y , 
vvliile his mother was a native of Dutchess Count}- 
of the same State. The first known ancestor of our 
subject that came to America was an exile from 
France, who settled in Ulster Countj',N. Y., about 
the year 1761. On the mother's side the family- 
was of F'nglish origin, Mrs. Gue being a lineal de- 
scendant of the Hon. Joseph John Guruey. who was 
a member of the English Parliament. 

The subject of this sketch was reared to manhood 
on a farm and educated in the Canandaigua Acad- 
emy and at East Bloomfield. In the spring of 1851. 
he emigrated to Iowa and settled in Scott County, 
where he was engaged in farming. He was married 
in Davenport on the 12th of November, 1855, to 
Miss Elizabeth Parker, who was born in Allegany 
County, N. Y., and was a daughter of Francis 
Parker, who was descended from an old Vermont 
family that settled in Allegany County in an earl}- 
day. She came to Iowa with her parents in 1840, 
and became a resident of Scott County, teaching 
school several years before her marriage. Mr. and 



Mrs. Gue are the parents of four children, two sons 
and two daughters — Horace G., Alice, Gurney and 

Gov. Gue continued to reside in Scott County 
until 1864, when he removed to Ft. Dodge and 
purchased the Ft. JJodge liepiiblima, and changed 
its name to the ''North West" which paper ho edited 
and conducted for nine years. Tlie political career 
of our subject began in the fall of 1857, when at 
the age of twenty-nine he was elected to the Iowa 
Legislature, from Scott County, and served four 
years. He vvas then called to the ofHce of State 
Senator and served four years in the Upper House, 
after which he was elected Lieutenant-Governor of 
the State for a period of two) ears. In 1866, he 
was elected President of the Board of Trustees of 
the Agricultural College at Ames, and vvas most 
actively engaged in the management, construction 
of and organization of the college for six 3'ears. 
Gov. Gue has been the leading spirit in the matter 
of establishing that important institution ; in con- 
nection with R. A. Richardson he was the author of 
the bill providing for the founding of the college, 
■which they succeeded in having passed at the ses- 
sion of 18.58. In 1864, while a member of the 
Senate, he assisted Mr. Clarkson Sr., in drafting a 
bill which provided for the sale of the lands of the 
agricultural college land grant. The lands were 
sold in accordance with the provisions of that bill 
and the college has since received an annual income 
of from S40,000 to $60,000 from that source. He 
was Chairman of the commission to visit the vari- 
ous agricultural colleges of the United States and 
examine into their plans of organization, their suc- 
cess or failure, for tlie benefit of the new Iowa Col- 
lege. For two j-ears he gave most of his time to 
this important work. In 1867 he made an elaborate 
report to the Board of Trustees recommending a 
plan of organization, which was adopted and ui>on 
which the college has for twenty-three years been 
successfully conducted. He selected the first faculty', 
at the head of which was that distinguished edu- 
cator President A. S. "Welch, who for eighteen 
years filled the executive chair with niiuked ability. 

Gov. Gue continued to reside in Ft. Dodge until 
1872, when he sold out the Nerth, West and the same 
year removed to Des Moines, where he lias since 

made his home. During his residence in the former 
place he also held the office of Postmaster for two 
years. On coming to this city he took editorial 
charge of the Iowa Homestead, a State agricultund 
paper, and continued his connection vvith that jour- 
nal until December of that year, when he sold his 
interest and accepted the appointment of United 
States Pension Agent, which he received at the 
liands of President Grant. He held that position for 
eight consecutive years, during which time he dis- 
charged the duties of the office with lidelity and 
promptness.. At the close of his terra of office in 
1880, in company with his eldest son, Mr. Gue re- 
purchased the Iowa Hompsiead, which they puli- 
lished four years, during which time tliej' gi'eatly 
increased its circulation and built it up into a valu- 
able propert)'. They sold out in the fall of 1883, 
and from that time until the present, the Governor 
has devoted his attention to gathering the material 
for an elaborate history of Iowa. 

Gov. Gue and liis wife were members of the Uni- 
tarian Church, witli wh'ch they became connected 
in 1875. The Governor owns a fruit farm, which 
is situated about five miles east of Des Moines, and 
in fact has never been without a farm since he 
reached man's estate. For several years he has de- 
voted most of iiis lime to his history of Iowa, and 
has made considerable progress in the preparation 
of the work, the first volume being nearly com- 

Gov. Gue is one of the prominent public men of 
the State and enjoys an extended acquaintance 
among its best citizens. His connection with the Agri- 
cultural College from its inception to its comple- 
tion and successful operation has been distinguished 
by earnest and wise forethought, while the results 
of bis influence in connection with the legislation re- 
lating to that institution will long be felt. In manner, 
the Governor is unassuming, but earnest where duty 
demands an aggressive stand. His course in public 
as well as private life has been distinguished by a 
high standard of honor and the strictest purity. He 
is an able writer, as a journalist ranks as a peer of 
the brightest in Io»va. Correct and methodical in 
the dispatch of business, he has proved himself 
possessed of good executive ability, and has dis- 
charged with exactness and fidelity every public 



trust reposed in him. The forllicoraing hislui > ui 
Iowa on which he is engaged can not fail to prove 
a work of great interest, and to be a standard on the 
subject of the annals of the Ilawkeye State. 

'AMES C. McWILLIAMS. deceased, was 
born November 8, 1817, in Ross County, 
Ohio, and was a son of Philip and Eleanoi- 
(Collier) McWilliams, both of whom were 
natives of Pennsylvania. On the paternal side the 
family is of Irish descent, and on the maternal of 
Scotch origin. Philip McWilliams was a farmer 
by occupation, and removing to Ohio, in early life, 
followed that business in the Buckeye State until 
his death, which occurred about the year, 1880. 
His wife died a number of years previous, in 1863. 
They had a large family of twelve children, eight 
of whom are living at this writing: William, a res- 
ident of Mahaska County, Iowa; Thomas, who 
makes his home in Kansas; John living in Ohio; 
liuthiford, also of Ohio; Samuel and Newton, both 
of Kansas; Jane, wife of William Murray, of the 
the Buckeye State; and Mary, wife of Isaac John- 
son, of Ohio. 

As James McWilliams was one of the best known 
of the pioneer settlers of Polk County, and ranked 
among its leading citizens, we feel that this sketch 
will be of interest to many of our readers. He re- 
ceived no special advantages in his youth, yet by 
his upright life and honorable career, won for him- 
self a place in the confidence and esteem of all 
with whom he came in contact. He attended the 
common schools of the neighborhood, and re- 
mained under the parental roof until attaining his 
majoritj', when he started out in life for himself. 
He first purchased a small farm near the old home- 
stead, in his native State, and for sixteen years 
engaged in its cultivation and development. Think- 
ing to better his condition and jjrovide a better 
home for his family by a removal to the West, he 
came to Iowa, in 1856, locating in Mahaska 
County, where he purchased land and followed his 
chosen occupation for seven years. His next place 
of residence was Polk County, where a period of J 

two years was spent, whon he became _a resident 
of Warren County, where he followed .agricultural 
pursuits for about twelve months. Satisfied that 
he had made a mistake by his last change of resi- 
dence, he returned to Polk County at the end of 
that time and purchased forty acres of land on sec- 
tion 33, Bloomfield Township, where he was living 
at the time of his death. He was an excellent 
farmer, a good business man and did all in his 
power to secure a comfortable home for his family, 
in whom. he felt the deepest interest. He could 
not do too much to promote their welfare and en- 
hance their happiness, and found no task too great, 
which would administer to their comfort. 

Sirs. McWilliams still survives her husband and 
is living on the old homestead. Her maiden name 
was Miss Nancy McCarter, she being a daughter 
of Robert and Mary (Brown) McCarter. Her 
father was a native of Ireland, but when only three 
years of age was brought by his grandfather to 
America. He also made farming his life work, 
following the same in Highland County, Ohio, 
until his death which occurred in May, 1854. His 
wife, who was born in Virginia, died in 1818, 
when their only child, Nancy, was but six months 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. McWilliams was 
celebrated March 12, 1839, and their union was 
blessed with a family of nine children: Mar}' E. 
became the wife of W. S. Canon, a druggist of Elk- 
horn, Neb., but died leaving two children; Sarah 
J., widow of Elisha B. Yeoman, has three children, 
Frank F., who resides in California; Frederick J., 
a resident of Grant City, Mo.; Edgar W., who is 
still at home. Eveline, the third child, is now de- 
ceased; Susanna is the wife of William II. Shaw, a 
grocer of Oskaloosa, Iowa, and the_y have two 
children — Eleanor and Ernest; Clara B. wedded 
Edward Wycoff, a grocer of Des Moines, and they 
have one daughler, Nora; Amzi married Maria 
Ilolcomb, and died, leaving two children — George 
and Jessie; Wil.son married Naomi (ieil, but both 
are now deceased, they leaving one child. Olio: 
Frank, who wedded Belle Robertson, by whom he 
has one child, Maude, is living in Carroll Count}', 
Iowa; Orrin wedded Mary Bingham, by whom he 
Lad one child, (iuy, but both mother and son are 



are now deceased. Orriii resides in Carroll County. 
Mr. McWilliams. the father of the family, sup- 
ported the Doniocratic party from the time he 
attained his majority until his death. He held the 
office of road supervisor for several years, and was 
also treasurer of the school district for a number of 
terras. All public enterprises calculated to pro- 
mote the general welfare received his hearty sup- 
port and co-operation, and he gave liberally for 
the advancement of educational, social and moral 
interests.' He was called to his final rest May 23, 
1889, and his remains were interred in Oak Grove 
Cemetery'. He was a kind and loving husband 
and father, and by all who knew hiin was held in 
the highest esteem. His wife, nho bore her share 
in the hardships and trials of life, and proved a 
true helpmate to her husband, is also greatly be- 
loved by those who know her. 

^,'ONATHAN P. FRENX'II, who is engaged 
in fruit-growing on section 17, Bloomfield 
Township, has been a resident of Polk Covnily 
for a third of a (;entury. A wide awake and 
piogressive citizen, he has felt a deep interest in all 
public affairs, manifesting the same by the liberal 
support which he has given to its public pnterjirises 
and the important part which he has borne in its 
upbuilding and development. At the time of Iiis 
arrival the now beautiful cily of Des Moines con- 
tained but three thousand inhabitants and the (mi- 
lire countj' was in a like unpopulated condition. 

Mr. French is a native of New Hampshire, born 
November 12, 1832, and son of Moses and Hannah 
(Philbrick) French. His paternal grandfather, 
Moses French Sr., who was born in 17.5.5, served his 
country through seven years of the Kevulutionar^- 
W'lw. He was a farmer bj' occupation and followed 
that business until his death, which occurred 
March 14, 1834. His wife died May 4. 1830. 
Their son, Moses French Jr., also engaged in agri- 
cultural i)ursuits as a means of livelihood. He 
made his home in Deerfield, Rockingliam County, 
N, 11.. where he lived until his death, whiuh oc 
currecl NDVember 12. ISCiS. He survived his wife 

twenty -eight years, she being called to her final 
home in 1840. Their remains vvere laid side Iw side 
in Deerfield Center Cemetery-. Their family num- 
bei'ed seven children as follows: Mary A., deceased 
wifeof .Jackson Cram, a residentof Deerfield, N.H.; 
Eleanor R., widow of. Nathaniel H. Adams of Mer- 
rimac County, N. II. j.Ionathan P. of this sketch; 
Moses F. who resides on the old homestead; Han- 
nah P. and Sarah A. who are now deceased, and 
Samuel S. who died in infanc3'. The parents were 
earnest, consistent Christian people and early in- 
stilled into the minds of their children principles of 
industry and morality. 

Our subject received his literary education in the 
common schools of his native State and upon his 
father's farm was reared to manhood. He desired 
to puisue some other occupation than that which 
his ancestors had followeil and so at the age of 
eighteen years entered a |)rinting office at Concord, 
N. [f., to learn the tradi". Wien his term of ap- 
prenticeship had expired and he had thoroughly 
mastered the Imsiness, he went to P)Oston, Mass., 
where for a sliort time he worked on the Boston 
Traveler. Later he went to Cambridge where he 
was ein|)liiyed in a i)rinling ollice until 18.50, which 
3ear witnessed his arrival in Iowa. He made his 
first location in Iowa City, but after working at his 
trade for about three months came to Des Moines, 
following the same business until 1800. He was tlien 
made foreman of the 7iV;//.s^(>)- office, which po^iti()n 
he held until 18G8, when ill health forced liim to 
abandon his chosen work and seek employment in 
another field of labor. The close confinement 
proved injurious to liim and in order to counteract 
its inrtuence he determined to engage in fruitgrow- 
ing, which luisincss would necessarily keep him in 
the open air the greater part of the time. He there- 
fore purchased twenty acres of land on section 17, 
Bloomfield Township ami with excellent success has 
carried on gardening and fruitgrowing to the pres- 
ent da}-. He finds a ready market for his products 
and has gained a comfortable competence which 
ranks him among the prosperous citizens of the 

Mr. French was joined in wedlock on the 20lh of 
October, 18.58, with Miss Helen L., daughter of 
Steplien and Kliza Bennett, both of whom were na- 



tives of the Empire State. Her lather engaged in 
the furniture and cabinel-malving business in Farm- 
ington. 111., for many years. His death occurred in 
that city in 18C0. and his wife died ten years later. 
Of their three children, Mrs. French, who was liorn 
June 17, 183i), is the eldest; Chester S. is now de- 
ceased, and Josephine is the wife of fJarrett 8. 
Guild. To Mr. and Mrs. French were born five 
children — Frank A., a resident of Des Moines; Ella 
B., wife of Ralph G. Durrette of Logan, Iowa; 
Arthur P., who resides in Des Moines, and Charles 
and Edward now deceased. 

Mr. French is a warm friend of education and 
gave his children lilieral advantages in that di- 
rection. He sup()orts the [irinciples of the Republi- 
can party and both lie and his wife are active work- 
ers in the Baptist Church to which they belong. 


1 ]%,ETER D. ANKENV, of East Des Moines, 
was born in Someisct County, Pa., Febru- 
ary 3, l.S2(;, and was the second in a 
famil}' of seven children, whose |)arents 
were Joseph and H.ari-iet ((Tcisey) Ankenj'. They 
were also natives of tlie Keystone State. The 
Ankeny family is descended from French Hugue- 
not ancestry. Representatives of the family went 
to Germany in the days of protestant persecution 
in France, and thence came to America, settling in 
^Maryland. The paternal ancestry of the Geisey 
family is of German origin, while the maternal an- 
cestry belongs to an early family of Maryland. 
'I he father of Mrs. Ankeny was Rev. Henry Geisey, 
a Lutheran minister, who for many years was pas- 
tor of the church in Berlin, Somerset County, Pa.. 
The marriage of Joseph Ankeny and Harriet 
Geisey was celebrated in Somerset County, where 
they resided several years In 1831, they removed 
to Millersburg, Holmes County, Ohio, continuing 
their residence in that county until 1867, which 
year witnessed their arrival in Des Moines. The 
death of the husband occurred in this city in 1874, 
but his wife still survives him. She is now in the 
ninetieth year of her age, but retains both her phy- 
sical and mental faculties to a remarkable degree. 

Mr. Ankeny ranked among tlie leading citizens of 
Polk County. He was a man of much more than 
average ability, possessed a strong will power and 
was firm in his convictions of right and wrong. 
He exerted an inlluence in every community where 
he resided, being a power for good. He was also 
prominent in public life. He served in the Legis- 
lature of Ohio, and was an elector on the Repub- 
lican national ticket in 1860, wlicn that party 
elected Abraham Lincoln as its first President. In 
his earlier years he had supported Democratic prin- 
ciples, but when the Missouri Compromise was 
repealed he withdrew his allegiance from tiiat paily 
and on the organization of the Rejjublican |)arty 
joined its ranks and continued to fight under its 
banner until his death. During tlu; War of the 
Rebellion he was one of the most faithful advo- 
cates of the Government and its policy. Although 
he lived in a community whore a large majority 
sympathized with -the South, he spoke his views 
freely and under all circumstances proclaimed his 
faith in the triumph of the I'nion and the downfall 
of its enemies. 

As before stated, the family of .loseph Ankeny 
and wife numbered seven children, four sons and 
three daughters, all of whom grew to mature years. 
Dr. John F., the eldest, who was graduated from the 
Medical College of Cleveland, Ohio, for some years 
engaged in practice at Des Moines, where lie set- 
in 1869, but his death occurred in Florida, on the 
19th of April, 1886, leaving a family, who are still 
residents of this city; Peter is the next jounger; 
Henr}', wdio resides in Corning, Iowa, enlisted in 
the late war, becoming captain of Comi)any H, of 
the Fourth Iowa Infantry', and proved himself a 
gallant and faithful soldier and an able officer; 
Gen. Rollin V., whose home is now in California, 
marched to the front as a captain of the Forty -sixth 
Illinois Regiment, was promoted to be colonel and 
before the war was over was breveted Brigadier- 
General, as a reward for meritorous conduct and 
bravery displayed on the field of battle. The 
daughters of the family are: Mrs. Susan Barcroft. 
of Des Moines; JLary Ellen, wife of H. H. Clark, of 
Hartford, Conn.; and Harriet, who lives with her 
mother in this city. 

Peter D. Ankcnj-, whose name heads this notice, 



was reared to manliood in Ohio. In 1842, he en- 
tered the preparatory department of Kenyon Col- 
lege and, after two years, took up the collegiate 
course, but left school while in the junior class, in 
order to enter the service in the war with Mexico. 
Me enlisted, in 1847, as ol-derlj' sergeant of the 
Fourth Regiment, Ohio Infantrj', and later was 
made Lieutenant, and had charge of his company 
for a time. His regiment joined the army' under 
Gen. Scott, being under the immediate command 
of Gen. Joe Lane, and was actively' engaged until 
the close of the war. 

Peace having been declared, Mr. Ankeny re 
turned to Ohio, where he pursued the study of law 
and was admitted to the bar, but his service in the 
armj' had so impaired his health that he found it 
necessary to engage in some outdoor occupation. 
In 1850, accompanied by J. R. Barcroft and Sam- 
uel Bell, he came to Iowa, but the party did not 
make any permanent location. -Our subject, how- 
ever, returned in 1858, but as his health continued 
poor he traveled quite cxtcnsivel}" before making 
a settlement. At length he purchased a farm in 
the town of Delaware, Polk Count}-, which he still 
owns, and for a number of years was actively on- 
gaged in its cultivation and development. In 
1869, he was elected a member of the Board of 
Supervisors and served in that capacity for three 
years. He was also Clerk of the Courts of Polk 
County for five years, and from 1864 to 1866, held 
a Government office in the city of Washington. 
He has ever been a warm admirer of the piiaciples 
of the Republican party and one of the stalwart 
supporters of that organization. He has, however, 
never aspired to office, such positions as he has 
filled having been the gift of the people, unsought 
by him. His duties of citizenship have ever been 
performed in a loyal manner. Althouoh he was 
plij'sically unable to enter the service during the 
lute war, he gave his influence to the Government 
and did all in his power for his country. 

On the Gtli of December, 1859, Mr. Ankeny 
was united in marriage with Miss Ellen Lorah, 
daughter of Samuel and Rachel Lorah. Her father 
was a i)rorainent citizen of Cass Count}', Iowa, 
where he passed away a number of years ago. 
Five children, one son and four <laughters, have 

been born to our subject and his worthy wife, 
namely: Rose, who is now the wife of Edgar 
Lewis, of Des Moines; Daisy, wife of Frank Green, 
of this city; j\Iary Louise, Mabel and Paul. The 
Ankeny household is noted for its hospitality, and 
its members hold a high position in the social 
world. More than thirty years have passed since 
the parents settled in Polk County, and by the 
many friends gained during that period they are 
held in high regard. 

DWIN M. CROSS, President of liie Polk 
County Abstract Company, and a represen- 
i r—J ; tativa citizen of Des Moines, was born in 
Richland County, Ohio, on the 22nd of April, 
1853, and is the son of -George W. and Mary J. 
(Jaques) Cross, both of whom were natives of 
Maine. The father was born in 1825, the mother 
in 1824. But during their childhood they emi- 
grated to the Buckeye State with their respective 
families. By occupation Mr. Cross is a farmer and 
ihrougiiout his business career has followed that 
occupation. He continued operations in that line 
in Ohio, until 1869, when accompanied by his wife 
and children he came to Iowa, selecting Jasiier 
County as the scene of his future operations. Both 
he and his wife arc still living on the old home- 
stead in that county. 

Our subject is one of five children. His early 
life passed uneventfully, being spent mid play and 
work in the usual manner of farmer lads. Having 
in the common schools become familiar with the 
rudiments of knowledge he entered an academy in 
Newton, Iowa, where he completed his education. 
Afterwards he engaged in teaching for two terms 
and then followed farming for a time. He was 
next employed on the construction of the railroad 
between Newton and Keithsburg until 1882, when 
he came to Des Moines. The Polk County Abstract 
Company had then commenced work, but was not 
incorporated and had no office or place of business. 
Mr. Cross soon afterward purchased a fourth inter- 
est in the company, which through his instrumen- 
tality was incori)oratcd and from time to time has 

i THF -?• 






continued buying the stock until he now owns 
ncnily the entire .amount. For five years he has 
been its President and lias [iroved an efflcient ofli- 
eer. The company has the most complete and best 
kept set of books in the city and its business has so 
greatly increased that it now employs a clerical 
force of four men throughout all the year. 

Returning to Jasper County; Iowa, in 18S7. Mr. 
Cross led to the marriage altar Miss Alice B. Blair, 
a most estimalile lady and then returned with his 
bride to his home in this citj', where the lad v has 
made many warm friends although the period of 
her residence here is short. Mr. Ci'oss is a worth}' 
and valued citizen who keeps himself well informed 
on all matters of public interest and in politics is a 
Republican. He has had an extensive experience 
in his business and is thorough and accurate in all 
details. His endorsement of an abstract is a guar- 
rantce of its value. 


■^^jEOUGE P. IIANAWALT, M. D., a loading 
physician and surgeon of Des Moines, whose 
Vj^J portrait appears upon the opposite page, and 
who occu[)ies the position of Surgeon General of 
the Iowa .-Itate Militia, was horn in Ross Count}-, 
Ohio, September 11, 183(5, and is a son of John and 
Maiy (Jefferson) Hanawalt. His father was born 
in Mifflin County, Pa., January 18, 1798, and was 
of German descent. The paternal grandfather of 
oursubject was a soldier in the War of the Revolu- 
tion. The mother of Dr. Hanawalt was born near 
Frederick, Md., August 20, 1812, and is a lineal 
descendant of the Jefferson family to which the 
third President of the United States belonged. 

Jn his native State our subject was reared to 
manhood, receiving his priu.ary education in the 
public schools, after which he pursued his literary 
studies in Salem Academy. He began the study of 
medicine in 18.59, in the ollicc of Drs. Salter & 
Ilolton, of Madison County, Oliio, but before com- 
pleting his course he entered the volunteer service 
in the late war and was attached to the Seventh 
Ohio Infantry in Februar}-, 18()2.and in the month 

of August following was transferred to the regular 
army as Hospital Steward. During his service he 
attended medical lectures and in the month of 
March, 186-t, graduated from the medical depart- 
ment of the Georgetown University of Washington, 
D. C. He was promoted to Acting Assistant Sur- 
geon, in which capacity he served until October, 
1868, when he resigned and on the 22d of May, 
following, came to Des Moines and entered upon 
the practice of his profession in this city, which he 
has since pursued with marked success. 

On the 30th of October, 1871, Dr. Hanawalt led 
to the marriage altar Miss Emily Agnes Jordan, 
the wedding taking place at the home of the bride 
in Walnut Township, Polk County. The lady is 
a daughter of the Hon. James C. and Melinda 
(Pittman) Jordan, and was born in Piatt County, 
Mo., coming with her parents to Polk County when 
a child of two }'ears. She was reared in this com- 
munity and her education was finished at the 
Northwestern University, Evanston, 111. Her re- 
ligious training was received under the auspices 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which she 
has been a member for a number of years. 

Dr. Hanawalt has won prominence in his pro- 
■ fession both as a physician and surgeon and has 
been chosen by several imijorlant corporations to 
care for their wounded and sick employes. He 
holds the position of surgeon of the following 
named railroad companies : the Chicago, Rock 
Island ife Pacific, the Des Moines & Fort Dodge, 
tlie Chicago, St. Paul ife Kansas City, the Des 
Moines & Northwestern, the Des Moines A' Kansas 
City, and the Electric Street Railway Company, for 
all of which he has done good service. In 1877 
he was commissicjned Surgeon (General of the Na- 
tional (4uard of Iowa (Stale Militia) and has held 
that position ever since, covering a period of thir- 
teen years. Tliel>octor is a Republican in politics 
but has neither time nor inclination to take an ac- 
tive part in political affairs. He is a member of 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., and also holds 
membership in the American Medical Association, 
the Iowa State Medical Society, of which lie was 
President in 1880, and the I'olk County Medical 
Society. He is a most indefatigable laborer, and 
his efforts, both as a physician and surgeon, have 



been crowned witli the greatest digree of success. 
In surgery, he is especially distinguished aud en- 
joys a State wide reputation in that profession. He 
is a genial, whole-souled gentleman, whose presence, 
alone.'in the sick room, regardless of his treatment, 
brings confidence and hope to his patients. He is 
ripe in exjierience and is thoroughly read in his 
profession, keeping abreast of the times. His 
army experience in snrgery, coming as it did in 
h.'s student days, was of inestimable service in 
qualifying him for fnrtlier'duties in that line. 

(17 GUIS STOHLGREEN, who is President of 
jl (^ the Bloomfield Coal Company, and proprie- 
J'— ^\ tor of a meat market of Des Moines, ranks 
high in business circles, and is recognized as one of 
the representative and enterprising men of tlie city. 
He was born on the 2d of January, 1847, in the 
northwestern part of Sweden, near the Norway line, 
and when twelve years of age, was left an orphan, 
so that from early boyhood he has had to make his 
own way in the world. Mr. Stohlgreen is essen- 
tially a self-made man, who by a determined will, 
industry, enterprise, and fair dealing has steadily 
worked his way upward, aud secured for himself 
and family a comfortable competence. When a 
small lad he herded sheep, and from the age of fif- 
teen until he had attained his majority, was em- 
ployed in a lumber yard. Believing that he could 
better his condition by emigrating to America, he 
crossed the Atlantic in 1869, arriving in New York 
on the 1st of October of that year. He then went 
direct to Chicago, where he worked for a short time 
on a construction train on the Illinois Central Rail- 
road, after whicii he went to Louisiana, where he 
worked on a levee. He was next employed in 
Arkansas on a farm, receiving as a compensation 
for his labors ^IG i)er month. Thence he came to 
Davenport, Iowa, and on the 2d of July, 1870, 
reached Des Moines, since which time he has been 
prominently identified with its business interests. 
He was first employed in a brick yard by C. Young- 
erman, afterwards engaged in mining for four3-ears 
and since Fcbriiarv, 1<h7I. lias carried on a meat- 

market. He built the two-stor\' brick in which he 
does business, and in other waj's has aided in the up- 
building of the cit}'. In 1887, he was instrumental 
'in organizing the Bloomfield Coal Mining Companj^ 
of which he has since been Director and President, 
and was one of the originators of the societj- 
Scandia. He is also interested in the Swedish Pub- 
lishing Company, and the Diamond Ice Company. 
To every enterprise with which he is connected, he 
devotes his whole energies that it may be success- 
ful, and in the various branches of business in which 
he is engaged he has met with marked prosperitj'. 
In 1876, Mr. Stohlgreen was united in marriage 
with Miss Maiy Israelson, a native of Sweden, who 
came to this country in 1871. Both he and his 
wife are members of the Swedish Church. Their 
family numbers five children, three sons and two 
daughters — Anna M., Adolpli F., Amanda M., Mar- 
tin E., and Clarence H. Mr. Stohlgreen is the 
founder of his famil}' in America, but since his ar- 
rival in this country, two of his brothers have 
joined him. He deserves great credit for his per- 
severance, which has overcome many obstacles, and 
placed him on a firm financial basis. 

W. LEHMAN, attorney and counselor-at- 
^(^ law of Des Moines, who is associated in 
[A^ business with W. A. Clark, is of German 
birth. He was born in the Kingdom of Prussia, on 
the 28th of P^ebruary, 1823, but when a babe was 
brought by his parents to America, the date of 
their emigration being 1855. The family located 
in Cincinnati, Ohio, but in 1869, when a lad of 
sixteen years, our subject came to Fremont County, 
Iowa. Entering Tabor College in that county, he 
was graduated in the Class of '73, and the same 
year in which he completed his literary course of 
study, was admitted to the bar. having prepared 
himself for the legal profession while a student at 
college. The same perseverance and pertinacity 
which characterized his college course, has marked 
his professional career, aud in consequence he has 
been attended with like success in the i)rosecution 
of the law. Soon after he was admitted to the bar, 


1 «;! 

he located in NeBraska City, where as a partner of 
Judge Mason, lie entered into practice. In 1876, 
he came to Des Moines, forming a partnership with 
J. A. Harvey, which connection continued until 
1882, when it was dissolved, and the firm of Leh- 
man & Clark established. 

In 1879, Mr. Lehman was united in marriage 
with Miss Nora Stark, daughter of Jacob Stark, one 
of the early merchants of this city. They have 
three sons, Frederick, Sears, and an infant. 

As a lawyer, Mr. Lehman has won the confidence 
and esteem of his fellow- citizens, as is shown by 
his large practice. He possesses the qualities neces- 
sary for a successful lawyer. He is clear, loglca;,. 
and comprehensive, and his sense of justice is such 
that he cannot be removed from a course which he 
believes to be just and honorable. He is a forcible 
and impressive speaker, and his sincerity and per- 
suasive eloquence, when addressing a jury, com- 
mand and retain their undivided and earnest at- 
tention. His brethren of the bar accord to him a 
place in the front rank of the profession. In his 
political affiliations, Mr. Lehman is a Democrat, but 
is governed by his convictions, and not by the dic- 
tations of party. He is an able advocate of his 
political principles, and his abilities as a political 
debater are recDgnized not only by his own party, 
but by his opponents as well. As a citizen, he is 
esteemed for his progressive and enterprising spirit, 
and the faithful manner in which he discharges his 
public duties. 

(^^ ^MUEL GRAY, who resides on section 16, 
^^^ Bloomfii'ld Township, well deserves men- 
Iv^J' tion in this volume for two reasons — he is 
one of the valued and representative citi- 
zens of the county, and is also numbered among its 
pioneer settlers. Few persons have so long made 
their homes in this community, he becoming a res- 
ident of Des Moines, when the entire population 
numbered but eighty-five. 

Mr. Gray is a native of Pennsylvania, born on 
the 19th of June, 1811, in Franklin County. His 
father, David Gray, was a native of Northern Ire- 

land, from which country he emigrated to America 
m 1790. His first settlement was in Pennsylvania, 
where lie followed his trade of weaving for a num- 
ber of years. On leaving the Keystone State, he 
became a resident of Jefferson County, Ohio, where 
he followed the same business until he had accumu- 
litted sufficient [u-operty to enable him to spend the 
remainder of his days in retirement. While in 
Pennsylvania, ho became acquainted with and wed- 
ded Miss Elizabeth Selander, a native of that State, 
and of their union were born eight children, four 
of whom are yet living— James, of Holmes County, 
Ohio; Elizabeth, wife of George F. Newton, of 
Millersburg, Ohio; Jane, who is also living in 
Holmes County; and .Samuel, of this sketch. The 
father of this family died in 1852, and his remains 
were buried in the cemetery of Millersburg, Ohio, 
where several years later the body of iiis wife was 
placed by his side. 

Although born in Pennsylvania, Samuel Gray 
spent the greater part of his childhood days in 
Ohio, whither his parents removed when he was a 
small Lad. His early life was unmarked by any event 
of special importance. In the common schools of the 
neighborhood he received his education, and when 
he had attained to a sufficient age he learned the 
plasterer's trade, which ho continued to follow un- 
til the autumn of 1848, when, with the tide of human 
emigration which was steadily flowing westward, 
he started for the new State of Iowa. Forty-three 
days were consumed in making the trip from 
Holmes County, Ohio, to Ft. Des Moines, a horse 
team being used for the purpose. Great indeed is 
the change whicli has taken place since that time. 
The beautiful capital city of Iowa, of which the 
citizens of the State are so justly proud, then con- 
tained but three small frame houses, beside the 
" fort houses." Two stores situated on Second 
Street comprised the business portion of the city, 
and a small log tavern furnished acconiinodation 
and supplied the wants of the weary travelers. As 
before stated, the entire population was but eighty- 
five. Mr. Gray's family at that time consisted of 
himself, vvife and eight children, and on the jour- 
np}' they were accompanied by a friend, whose 
f.iniily numbered twelve, therefore both families 
together made one quarter of the population. Tlie 



most far-sijjhted coulil have scaicel_y imagined the 
rapid transformation whicii has taken place since 
that time, nor realize the wonderful changes and 
advancement to be made in the different lines of 
business industry. The present advanced position 
of the county is due in no small degree to the pio- 
neer settlers. Words cannot requite them for the 
service tliey have rendered the present generation, 
yet we can express our gratitude, and perpetuate 
their noble deeds by written records. 

Not long after his arrival in the county, Mr. 
Gray secured work at his tr.ade of a plasterer, as 
some houses were in course of erection, when he 
reached the city. From tliat time until 1851, he 
had little leisure, his services being const.antly in 
demand by the incoming eniigr.ants. In that year, 
however, he abandoned his chosen trade, to enter 
upon the duties of Treasurer and Recorder of Polk 
County, to which oHices he was elected for a two 
years term. So acceptably did he fill the posi- 
tions, that he was again elected in 1853, and served 
until the spring of 185(5. He did not then re- 
sume work as a plasterer, but entered eighty acres 
of school land and forty-three acres of river land 
in liloomfleld Township, and began the develoi)- 
ment of a farm. Erecting a dwelling, he then gave 
his entire attention to the cultivation of his land 
until 1883, when it was found that there was a vein 
of coal underlying his farm. He then leased bis 
lan<l for twentj' years, the income from the same 
enabling him to live in comfortable circumstances. 

On the 23d of May, 1833, Mr. Gray was united in 
marriage with INliss Mary Long, and unto them was 
liorn a family of seven children: John L. and James, 
of l)es Moines; David, of the State of Wasliington; 
Elizabeth, wife of M. Taylor, of Dallas County, 
Iowa; Nancy J., wife of J. C. Ta^dor, of Marion 
County, Iowa; Samuel, a resident of Des Moines; 
George B., who is living in North Dakota. The 
mother of these children was not long permitted to 
enjoy her new home in the West, but died on the 
1th of November, 1850, at the age of thirty-four 
years, and her remains were interred in the cem- 
etery at Des Moines. Mr. Gray was again married 
February 26, 1852, his second union being with 
Sally Brand, by whom he has four children: Car- 
rie, wife of Frank Ilaare, a resident of Bloomflold 

Township; William B., who also resides in the same 
township; Charlie B., a resident of Holyoke, Phil- 
lips County, Col. ; and Walter, who is living on 
a pait of the old homestead. 

Mr. Gray may be truly be called a self-made 
man. Commencing life witiiout capital, save a 
young man's bright hope of the future, and a de- 
termination to succeed, he steadily worked his 
way upward to a position of financial independence. 
At one time he owned eighty choice lots in East 
Des Moines, and is now- the recipient of a handsome 
income from his farm. He has always been liberal 
with his means for the support of public enterprises 
and as his resources have increased, has likewise 
increased his donations. He has taken quite an 
active part in politics, and is a warm advocate of 
the Democratic part^'. He and his family are 
well known throughout the county, and are held in 
the highest respect by all. 

HARLES M. MACOMBER, a general farmer 
and stock raiser of Bloom field Township, 
residing on section 28, was born in Frank- 
lin County, Me., January 7, 1823, and is a son 
of John and Abigail (Miller) Macomber. His 
parents were both natives of Massachusetts, and 
were of Scotch descent. His father an enter- 
prising and successful business man. By trade he 
was a blacksmith, but in connection with that bus- 
iness carried on farming and dealt largel3' in stock, 
which he drove every fall from Maine to New l>ed- 
ford, Mass., a distance of two hundred and seventy- 
five miles. He continued to pursue these various 
lines of work in Fianklin County, Me., until his 
death, which occurred in 1853, at the ripe old age 
of seventj'-one years. He survived his wife a 
number of years, she having passed to her last rest 
in 1832. As the result of their union eleven chil- 
dren were born, but of that once numerous famil3' 
only three are now living: ]\Iary M., widow of 
Horace Allen; James N., a resident of New Bed- 
ford, Mass. ; and Charles M., of this sketch. After 
the death of his first wife, John Macomlier, in 1833, 



wcdik'd Betsy Robbins, and unto tlieni were born 
two children: Pliilena P., of Fariuington, Me-; 'ind 
Leonard IL, wlio is now deceased. 

In liis native count^^ our subject spent tlie days 
of liis boyliood and youth, his lime being passed 
in the usual uian!!er in wliich lads occupied their 
attentic)n. For a portion of llie year he attended 
the common schools of the neighborhood, while the 
remainder of the lime was passed in work upon his 
father's farm or in play. He remained under the 
])arental roof until twenly-two years of age, when 
be started out in life for himself, (ioing to Mas- 
sachusetts he engaged in teaching school for two 
years, and then for several years following, taught 
penmanship. The spring of 1854 witnessed his ar- 
rival in Iowa, where he has since made liis home. 
The journey was made by rail to Rock Island, 
thence down the Mississippi on the boat ''Lamar- 
tine," he landing at Muscaline. Six miles north of 
that city he purch.ased land, whi 'h he cleared and 
improved during his two years' residence thereon, 
when he removed to Wilton Junction. Some time 
subsequent he entered the emplo}- of the Singer 
Sewing Machine Conqiany, as traveling salesman, 
and meeting with such excellent success in that 
line of work, continued in the employ of that com- 
pany, until 1877. Four \-ears previous lie had i-c- 
moved his family to Des Moines, and on severing 
his connection with his old employers, took up his 
residence in this city, devoting his attention to 
collecting until 1881, when he went to Arizona as 
agent for the Bunker Hill Gold and Silver Mining 
Company. He spent two and a half years in that 
Territory, and then returned to Des Moines, but 
shortly afterward traded his property in the city 
for the farm on which he now resides. 

On the r2th of November, 1854, Mr. ^Macomber 
led to the marriage altar Miss Elzoda, daughter of 
Joseph and Dorcas (Wheeler) Craig, both of whom 
were natives of the Pine Tree State. Joseph Craig 
was a farmer bj occupation, and followed that busi- 
ness in Maine until old age forced him to retire from 
active life, and he resigned his farm to the care of 
his son, but he and his wife are still living on the 
old homestead. They were parents of nine chil- 
dren, seven of whom yet survive: Almaron, a res- 
ident of Pocahontas County, Iowa; Ella, wife of 

George W. Cothren, of Farniington, Me.: Joseph, 
who makes his home in Dallas County, Iowa; Lynn, 
who is operating the old homestead ; Fred W., of 
Des Moines; Mary J., who is living with her par- 
ents; and Elzoda, wife of our subject. The par- 
ents of this family have long l)een members of the 
Methodist Episco|ial Church, and have led earnest, 
consistent Christian lives. They are well-known 
in the community in wliich they make their home, 
and are surrounded by a wide circle of friends. In 
early life ili-. Craig was a supporter of the Whig 
party, but since the formation of the Republican 
party, he has cast his Iiallot with that great national 

Mr. i\Iacomber is also a stanch supporter of the 
same part}', and socially is a member of the Ma- 
sonic fraternity. His farm is [)leasautl3' and con- 
viently situated about one mile from Des Moines and 
comprises eighty acres of valuable land. His life 
has been a successful one, as the result of his own 
efforts, and in many ways is worthy of emulation. 
He is ever faithful to the duties of citizenship 
which devolve upon him, and when called upon 
for assistance for an}' worthy enterprise calculated 
to benefit the community, his aid is never refused. 


■*» ■*<+ 

EVI JESSE WELLS, is a leading livery- 
man and one of the most po|)nlar citizens 

of Des Moines. The story of his life would 

be full of interest to many of our readers and might 
well serve as an im|)etus to young men, who like 
our subject had nothing with which to begin life 
save a strong right arm and determination. With 
that capital he started, yet he is now one of the 
prosperous citizens of the county. His upright 
life may well be taken as an example and if fol- 
lowed will win for all an honorable position al- 
though they may not acquire wealth. 

Mr. Wells was born in Susquehanna County, Pa., 
near Dimmock Corners, January 28, 1831, and .is. a 
son of Levi and Mary (Baird) Wells. The family 
has long been established in America and its mem- 
bers wore connected with the history of the Hevo- 

utionary War. His paternal great-grandfather and 




his wife were in the Wyoming Massacre, where the 
husband was killed by the Indians. Mrs. Wells, 
however, escaped, (lying with her babe in her arms 
til rough the woods to a place of safely. Both of 
their names appear on a monument which was 
erected to commemorate that event. Both grand- 
fathers of our subject were members of the Colo- 
nial forces. Grandfather Baird serving with the 
rank of captain. 

Levi Wells, Sr., was a native of Bradford Count}', 
Pa., and on reaching manhood wedded Mary Baird, 
a native of Susquehanna County. He was a pros- 
perous farmer anil in the midst of the forest cleared 
and developed an excellent farm, upon which he 
planted a fine orchard. He died in the prime of 
life at the age of forty-seven j'ears and the death 
of his wife occurred in her fifty-third year. Both 
were members of the Baptist Church and were 
highly respected people. Their familj' numbered 
five children, three of whom are now living — Will- 
iam B., a lawyer of Pottsville, Pa.; (iu}' P., an ex- 
tensive farmer of the Keystone State; and Levi J., 
the youngest. 

Our subject was reared to manhood upon his 
father's farm and attended the district schools in 
his youth, but so poor were the advantages there 
afforded that he sa^ys the oul}' real school training 
he received was in an academj' where he spent one 
3'car. At the age of eleven, he began work in the 
harvest field for §1 a month and liis dinner, but he 
determined to make some other pursuit than farm- 
ing his life work and when a 'ad of fifteen j'ears 
began an apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade, 
serving a term of five and a half years, a year and 
a half being spent with one employer, the remain- 
ing four years with another gentleman. His wages 
were his board and §60 per year and at the expiration 
of his term he was to receive SlOO additional. Dur- 
ing that period he thoroughly mastered the busi- 
ness and at the age of twenl3'-tw'o took a contract 
to luiild twentj' double miner's houses for the Jes- 
sup &. Millard Coal Company. " Believing he could 
better his condition in the West, lie came to Polk 
County in IS.jC, and purchased two lots in East 
Des Moines. Shortly afterward he was employed 
as foreman by the father of .1. .T. AVillianis, to su- 
perinUu.l the building of a dam across the Des 

Moines River and the construction of a mill, which 
is now being torn down, it lieing one of the last 
landmarks of pioneer days. 

On his arrival in this citj-, Mr. Wells found a 
mere village with little general trade and few im- 
provements of any importance. He erected build- 
ings on lots which he purchased, built others 
around the capital square and in many ways aided 
in the development and progress of the city. He 
was proprietor of the Grout House for eight months 
and in 1870 commenced the livery business, which 
he has since continued. He has built the finest 
stables in the city, one being located at 119 Fourth 
Street, a four floor brick, and the other at 818 
Mulberry Street. It is the finest barn in the State, 
was erected in 1889, and is three stories in height. 
Mr. Wells keeps on hand one hundred head of 
horses, runs buses and a baggage line and carries 
all the mail, meeting flftj--five trains per day. He 
began life in Des Moines as a day laborer, but 
scorned no work by which he might earn an honest 
dollar. He has been a hard worker and a man of 
remarkable strength. On one occasion, before the 
daj' of elevators, when the wheat had to be carried 
to the fourth floor of the mill, the men under the 
employ of Mr. Wells refused to cany a sack, saying 
it vv;is too heavy, so he himself sliouldered it and 
landed it in its proper place. On being weighed it 
tilted the beam at two hundred and fifty pounds. 

In 1852, Mr. Wells was joined in wedlock with 
Mnry Brown, a native of Bi'adford County, Pa., 
who was emploj'ed as a teacher in an academy. 
Unto them were born two children — William B., a 
liveryman of this city; and .Tesse O., who is asso- 
ciated with his father in the livery business. The 
mother died in 18G0, and the following j'ear Mr. 
Wells married Sarah Bailey, a native of Maryland, 
who was reared in Ohio, and came to Des Moines 
some years prior to their marriage. In political 
sentiment our subject is a Re[iublican, but though 
he has always been a popular personage in the city, 
he has never asked for political distinction, prefer- 
ing r.ither the life of a quiet and unobtrusive 
citizen. Since his arrival in Des Moines he has 
accumulated a fortune, but not through speculation. 
One speculation served him for all limes. Toward 
the close of the war he purchased one hundred 



biirrels of [loi'k on wbich he lost $800 and that in- 
vestment satisfied him. His financial growth has 
been steady and he now does the lai-gest livery 
business in the Northwest.- In all his dealings liis 
course has been marked bj' honesty and fairness. 

-^i( LEXANDER SHERIFF, one of tiie old and 
WIlM respected citizens of the county, who is cow 
engaged in general farming and stock- 
^ raising on section 3G, r)loomQeld Township, 

is a native of Scotland. He was born in 1830, and 
is a son of James and Elizabeth (Il.ays) Sheriff, 
who were also natives of the same country, and in 
that land his father followed farming until his 
death. Their family numlx'red eigiit children, six 
of whom are yet living — Alice, wife of I'hilip Pil- 
mer, who is living in "WarreJi County on the line 
of Polk County; Janet, wife of George Pilmer of 
Warren County; Mary, wife of Robert Dyer of the 
same county; James, also a resident of Warren 
County; Alexander of this sketch, and George, who 
is a resident of P>loom field I'ownship. 

In his native land and under ihe parental roof 
the boyhood days of our subject were passed. He 
received a limited education in the common schools 
and resided with his parents until they were called 
to the better land. The children then remained to- 
gether for about four years, during which time 
Alexander worked upon a farm. Realizing that he 
was not receiving sufficient compens.ation for his 
labors in Scotland, he concluded to try his fortune 
in this country and in the spring of 1850, accom- 
panied by two brothers and two sisters, took pass- 
age on a sailing vessel at Glasgow, bound for 
Quebec. After a voyage of some weeks, the boat 
reached its destination and our little party pro- 
ceeded by way of canal to Cleveland, Ohio. On 
their arrival in that city they found that the_y had 
lost tlieir tickets and tliat their money was com- 
pletely exhausted. Having no friends in the neigh- 
borhood, they were compelled to sleep in an oat 
field and the next morning our subject started in 
search of some acquaintances who lived about sixty 
miles distant. From them he borrowed money and 

returned to his brothers and sisters, after whicli 
they procured their luggage and again started on 
their way. They made tiieir first location near Alli- 
ance, Columbia County, Ohio, where the brothers 
procured work on a railroad at seventy-five cents 
per day and from that sum i)aid §2 per week board. 
After working in that caiiacity for three years, 
having saved ^300 apiece, they started westward. 
Alexander Sheriff was accompanied by his brother- 
in-law, Robert Dyer. The railroad extended no 
further than Illinois and they had to walk the re- 
mainder of the distance. They had ciiosen Iowa 
Citj' as their destination, but as they did not like 
the country in that neighborhood they continued 
their travels to Des Moines, where Mr. Dyer had a 
friend living by the name of William Ilastie. It 
proved of great importance to our subject that they 
decided upon this comnuuiil}- as the scene of their 
future laljors, for here he found his wife. 

After looking around for a time, Mr. Sheriff pur- 
chased two hundred and forty .acres for himself and 
brothers, after which he returned to Ohio, where 
he again spent the winter in railroading. The fol- 
lowing spring the family came to Iowa and moving 
their few iiousehold effects into a little log cabin 
which had been erected upon the land, began life in 
true pioneer style. The brothers continued the cul- 
tivation of the land in partnership for a number of 
years, when at length it was divided, each receiving 
his sliare of eighty acres. To that amount Mr. 
Slieriff has added until he now owns a fine farm of 
two hundred and ninety acres, all of which is under 
a high state of cultivation. Its well tilled fields in- 
dicate the thrift and enterprise of the owner and its 
many excellent improvements indicate that he is 
abreast with the times. In 1880, he erected a com- 
modious and substantial two-story dwelling and a 
larse barn. His home is neatly and tastefully fur- 
nished and surrounded by many of the comforts of 

In the same year, .Mr. Sheriff was luiited in the 
holy bonds of matrimony with Miss Janet Ilastie, 
daughter of William and Elizabeth (Purvis) Hastie, 
both of whom were natives of Scotland, in which 
country the father followed farming until 1855, 
when he sailed with his family for New York, and 
thence proceeded by train to Salineville, Ohio. 



After a residence there of six months, in 1856, he 
removed to Warren County, Iowa, where he en- 
gasjcd in agricultural pursuits until his death, which 
occurred in 1878. His wife died in 1874, and their 
remains are buried in the cemetery near where Mr. 
Sheriff now resides. They liad a family of six chil- 
dren, but tiie three eldest, Margaret, William the 
first and William the second are now deceased. 
David died in the army; Philip is a resident farmer 
of Warren County, and Janet is the wife of our 
subject. The parents were both members of the 
Presbyterian Church and in politics, Mr. Hastie was 
a Republican. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Sheriff were born two children 
— Margaret who died in infancj', and Lj-die Belle, 
who was born March 17. 1883. Mr. Sheriff has now 
one of the best farms in the county and in connec- 
tion with its cultivation also raises a good grade of 
stock. In politics, he is a supjjorter of the Republi- 
can party and himself and wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. They have many warm 
friends throughout the community, their home is 
the abode of hospitality and in the social world 
they are held in high regard. 


^ J^ L. READ is the senior member of the law 
\/\l/! firm of AV. L. ct J. M. Read, of Des Moines. 
W^ He entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession in the spring of 187G, as a partner of JMr. 
AVishard. That connection continued until 1883, 
when by miitual consent it was dissolved, and Mr. 
Read continued alone in business until 1885, when 
he was joined in practice b\- his brother. 

The Read brothers have been residents of Polk 
Couuty, since 18(J7. Their father, Ambrose Read, 
was born in Guernsey County. Ohio, and was a son 
of one of the early [uoneers of that section. Tiie 
original ancestors of the family in this country 
wfre residents of New Jersey and Maryland. 

Ambrose Read grew to maidiood in his native 

State, and wedded Mary Ann Lewis, also a native 

of Ohio, whither her parents had emigrated from 

\ir;:inia, in an early day. Her family \vas of Welsh 

'ori' in, the earliest American ancestor having set- 

tled in New Jersey in Colonial times, la the fall 
of 1860, Mr. Read accompanied by liis family, re- 
moved to Iowa, settling in Scott Couuty, whera the 
mother died in 1863. Four years later, the family 
became residents of Polk County, settling in the 
town of Allooua, but the father died in the city of 
Des Moines. By occupation he was a farmei', and 
followed that business throughout his entire life. 
He was a man of much ability, and possessed a 
large amount of general information. A conscien- 
tious, upright and worthy citizen, his loss was 
deeply mourned. In the earl}' da3's of the Rci)nb- 
lican party, and extending through the War of the 
Rebellion, he was an earnest advocate of the prin- 
ciples of that organization, but as new issues arose 
of a national character, he believed he saw his duty 
elsewhere, and in 1872, voted for Horace Greeley, 
the Democratic candidate for the Presidencv. Later 
he became identified with the National Greenliack 
party, an^l took an active interest in the monetary 
and industrial interests of the country. 

Ambrose and Mary Ann Read were the parents 
of five sons, and b}' a second marriage Mr. Read be- 
came the father of two daughters. Albert, the eldest 
of the family, is deceaseil; W. L. is the next in order 
of l)irth; George and H. II. are engaged in the real- 
estate business in this city; and J. 51. completes 
the family. 

W. L. Read, whose name heads this sketch, is a 
native of the 15ucke3-e State, having been born in 
Harrison Count}', on the 15th of May, 1851. He 
was a lad of sixteen years when he came with his 
father's family to Polk County, Iowa. Choosing 
the law as the profession which he wished to make 
his life work, when he finished his literary studies, 
he entered the Iowa State Universit}'. graduating 
from the law department of that institution in 1875. 
His wife was formerly Miss Juliet E. McMurray, 
who is a native of Indiana, and a daughter of Hiram 
McMurray. Their union was celebrated in Sep- 
tember, 1882, and has been blessed with two chil- 
dren, Ralph L. and Helen. 

J. M. Read, the junior member of the law firm, 
W!is bcnn in Oliio, on the 9th of August, 1859, and 
|)assed his boyhood days under the parental roof. 
He attended school in Des Moines, and to fit him- 
self for his chosen profession, entered the law de- 



paitinent of tlie State University, from wliicli lie 
was graduated in the class of June, 1885. 

Tlie firm of W. L. it; J. M. Read, as already' stated, 
is numbered among tlie leading law firms of Des 
Aloincs. The source of evciy lawyer's success in his 
profession is the confidence which the people feel in 
i>is personal and professional integrity. The large 
and lucrative business of this firm proves that they 
havenotonly won theconfldenceof their fellow-citi- 
zens, but that they retain the high regard and good 
wishes of all whose friendship they have once se- 
cured. Honorable and upright in their professional 
calling, cordial and genial in disposition, they are 
numbered professionally and socially among the 
leading citizens of Des Moines. In their political 
affiliations they are both supporters of the Demo- 
cratic party. Their office is situated at Nos. 334 
and 336 East Fifth Street, and No. 427 F:ast Locust 

ON. GEORGE G. WRIGHT, an eminent 
Ij jurist and a pioneer lawyer of Iowa, is a 

■^ native of Indiana, having been born in the 
town of Bloomington, Monroe County, on 
the 24th of March, 1820. His father, John AVright, 
was a native of Pennsylvania, and was of Welsh 
descent, the family dating its origin in America 
back to the year 1720, when the founder, an emi 
grant from Wales, settled in Pennsj'lvania. John 
Wright was a mason by trade, and in early life 
married Miss Rachel Seaman. His death occurred 
in Bloomington, Ind., in 1825, when our subject 
was but five years of age. Mrs. AVright survived 
her husband many years. She came to Iowa in 
its Territorial days, and died in Keosauqua, in 

George G. Wright was educated in the State 
University of Indiana, being graduated iii the class 
of '39, while in his twentieth year, after which he 
read law at Rockville, lud., under the tutelage of 
his brother, Joseph A. AVright, afterward Governor 
of Indiana, and was admitted to Ihi. bar in the 
Stale Courts of that State in 1840. In September 
of that year he came to the Terriluiy of Iowa, and 

in November established himself in practice in 
Keosauqua, then one of the most promising towns 
in the Territory. A thorou^'h Whig in political 
sentiment, the young lawyer at once took promi- 
nence in his party, and was chosen Prosecuting 
Attorney of his county, was also elected to the 
State Senate for the term of 1818 and 1850. In 
the latter year he was the Whig candidate for 
Congress in a district comprising the whole south- 
ern half of Iowa, but the waning strength of the 
party was not equal to t!ie task of electing him, 
although his vote exceeded that of tlie general 
ticket. In January, 1855, and while yet under 
thirty-five years of age, his ability and learning as 
a lawyer and his personal popularity led to his 
election as Chief Justice of Iowa, to which position 
he was re-elected, holding the office for a period of 
fifteen years, or until 1870, when he was elected to 
the United States Senate. At the close of his 
Senatorial term. Judge AVright declined a re elec- 
tion, preferring as more congenial, the practice of 
his profession to the more exciting arena of 

■• His time on the Supreme Bench covers the 
most important period in the judicial history of 
the State. The adoption of the Code system and 
judicial construction of it is embraced in it. Jud"e 
AVright's opinions will be found in all the Iowa 
reports from A^olume 1 to Volume 30, and the 
lawyer, whether he be in Iowa, Maine, California 
or elsewhere, will find in those volumes precedents 
on general law that he maj- cite with confidence to 
any court, assured that they will be accepted with 
respect and will carry weight and authority with 

Ten years after his election to the Supreme 
Bench, Judge AVright removed from Keosauqua to 
Des Moines, which has since been his home. In 
the fall of that year he associated with himself 
Judge Chester C. Cole, of the same court, in the 
organization of the Iowa Law School (the first 
law school west of the Mississippi River). Judge 
Wright had had a number of students in his office 
during the two or three years preceding, and sev- 
eral applications for a like [irivllege suggested the 
formation of a school, in which, during the first 
year, twelve students pursued the study of law 



under the tutelage of these two gentlemen, they 
being- the only instructors. At the opening of the 
second year, Prof. William G. Hammond became 
connected with the school, giving it a constant 
personal attention, which the judicial duties of the 
other professors did not permit them to render; 
and the three men carriedthe enterprise through the 
two succeeding years with but slight increase in 
the number of students. The merits of the school 
attracted' the attention of the bar throughout the 
State, and in 1868, the Iowa Law School, by the 
action of the Regents, became a department of the 
State University, and its instructors still remained 
in charge as its professors, while the prior gradu- 
ates were made Alumni of the University. Prof. 
Hammond removed to Iowa Citj' and was placed 
at the head of the school. Judges Wright and Cole 
continuing to give a portion of their time to its 

During his labors on the bench, and wliile en- 
gaged in building up a sound and safe fabric of 
the unwritten law. Judge Wright found time to 
give, by bis energj' and influence, an impetus to 
many public enterprises and objects. Prior to the 
organization of the Iowa Law School, he took a 
prominent part in the organization of the State 
Agricultural Society, of which he was President 
for five j'ears, from 18.58 to 1863, thereby fostering 
and encouraging improved methods in all that 
jtertains to Iowa's peculiarly agricultural popula- 

"An earnest patriot, while physical incapacity 
prevented his entering tiie army, by word and 
deed he sustained the arm of the Government in 
the struggle to save tlie Union, and many a 
soldier drew insi)iration from his earnest speech, 
and many a soldier's family found in him a stead- 
fast supporter in time of need. In the Senate, he at 
once became Chairman and member of influential 
'committees, and had lie not, for reasons wholly 
personal to himself, voluntarily declined re-elec- 
tion, he would doubtless have become one of 
Iowa's famous long-time Senators. Retiring from 
the .Senate, lie tooi< tlie head of the law firm of 
Wright, Gatcii & Wright, and again entered the 
practice with his early enthusi.asm, and at once 
was felt in the work of his profession. A desin^ 

for rest and greater quiet induced him in time to 
seek less engrossing duties, and as the trusted head 
of financial institutions of his city, he now devotes 
such time as he desires to business. Retaining, 
however, his early love for his profession. Judge 
Wright continues to lecture to his uld law school, 
and for like reasons is actively associated with the 
■ American Bar Association, of which he was Presi- 
dent from June, 1887, to June, 1888. His wide 
experience as a lawyer, legislator and judge, makes 
his JLidgment in tiiat body of recognized value, and 
as such is constantly sought and observed. In 
1882, he severed his connection with tlie law firm 
of which he was the bead, and accepted the Presi- 
dency of tlie Polk County Savings Bank, which 
was organized that year, and which position he has 
filled continuously since, covering a period of 
seven years. During the same time he has been 
President of the Security, Loan & Trust Compan3', 
of Des Moines, an important financial institution 
of Polk County. 

Judge Wright was married in Van Buren County, 
Iowa, on the 19th of October, 184.3, to Miss Han- 
nah M. Dibble, daughter of Thomas and Ruth 
(Gates) Dibble. Mrs. Wriglit was born in Saratoga 
County, N. Y., near the celebratea springs of that 
name, and came to Iowa with her parents in 1839. 
Her family was of New England origin, and re- 
moved from Connecticut to New York early in 
the eighteenth century. Judge and Mrs. Wright 
have six children living, four sons and two daugh- 
ters — Thomas S., the eldest, wedded Miss Mary 
Tuttle, is an attorney by profession, and is the 
present solicitor of the Rock Island Railroad fo/ 
Iowa and Illinois, and resides in Chicago; Craicr L. 
married Miss Kate Van Dyke, and is a praeticinu- 
attorney of Sioux City, Iowa; Mary I)., the eldest 
daughter, is the wife of Frank 11. Peavey, a grain 
merchant of Minneapolis, Minn. ; Carroll, who 
married Miss Nellie Elliott, was graduated from 
the Iowa State University, and also from the Law 
Department of Simpson College, and is a lawyer in 
active practice in Des Moines; Lueia II. is the 
wife of Edgar H. Stone, a banker of Sioux City; 
George G. is single and a resident of Des Moines. 
Judge Wright is and has been an earnest Repub- 
lican since the formation of the party. In his 



religious views he adheres to the Methodist Epis- 
copal Cliiirch, under tlie auspices of wliicli he re- 
ceived his early religious training. Mrs. Wright 
is a member of the Unitarian Church. The Judge 
is a member of the Independent Order of Odd- 
Fellons, and enjoys the distinguished honor of 
being one of the three Iowa members from civil 
life of the Lo3'al Legion of the L'uited Slates. 
Almost half a century has passed since he made his 
maiden si)eech in an Iowa court. Then this now 
populous and wealthy State was a sparsely-settled 
region, with but a portion of its territory open to 
settlement by the whites. During tliat iieriod his 
name has been honorably associated with the his- 
tory' of the bar of Territory and State, and for 
fifteen years lie has served with distinction in the 
highest ottice in its Judiciary. The imprint of his 
legal talent is stamped upon the records and re- 
ports of the State in a manner that reflects credit 
upon himself and the commonwealth, and will jier- 
petiiate his memory for all time. Many of the 
most successful and promising lawyers of the State 
were his pupils or were beneflted in their profes- 
sional education through his efforts in founding a 
lavY school, and his continued interest in the Law 
Department of the State University. His election 
to the United States Senate was an honor justh' 
deserved, and his honorable and upright service in 
that distinguished body fully justilied the choice 
of his constituents. 

While it is ditficult to write of the living in 
terms worth}' of tlieir merits, virtues and talents, 
without incurring the risk of offending with an 
appearance of flattery, it is nevertheless true that 
in a work like this, that is intended to be a standard 
work of reference for posterity, a true delineation 
of character and a fair representation of the life- 
work of llie subject should be presented. We know 
no reason why we should wait until a man is dead 
to speak the trnth of him. 

Judge Wright i)Ossesses all the characteristics of 
a great lawyer. Studious by inclination, he is 
well grounded in the law. His mind, always 
active, grasps with force the subjects of his 
thoughts, and his opinions are expressed in terms 
at once clear, logical and comprehensive. In his 
intercourse vvitli men his manner is entirel}- free 

from ostentation and self consciousness, but is calm, 
dignified and at the same lime evincing an earnest 
cordiality that wins liini many friends. The 
purity of his life and liis fidelity to every trust 
have won for him the unbounded confidence and 
respect of his fellow-citizens, both at home and 

A portrait of Judge Wright is presented on 
another page of this volume. 

of Donelson and the late Commander of the 
^Department of Iowa of the Grand Army of 
the Hepuhlic, is an honored citizen of Des Moines. 
He was born in Sumracrfield. Noble County, Ohio, 
(then Monroe County), on the 24th of Sei)teraber, 
1823, and is a son of James and Esther (Crow) 
Tuttle. His father was a native of Bangor, Me., 
and was descended from one of the oldest 
New England families, his ancestors having em- 
igrated from England and settled near Hartford, 
Conn., in 1630. The mother of our subject 
born near Pittsburg, Pa., and was of German de- 
scent. In 1819, James Tuttle removed to Ohio, 
where he followed the occupation of farming until 
the winter of 1833-34, wlien with his family he be- 
came a resident of Fayette County, Ind., where his 
wife died in 1853. They had nine children, of 
whom three sons and four daughters are living and 
are residents of Des Moines. In 1860 the father 
came to this city, where he spent the remainder of 
his days, his death occurring in 1872. 

James M., the subject of this sketch, reared 
on his father's farm and received a common-school 
education. lie .accomi)anicd the family from Ohio 
to Indiana, aiul when twenty years of age left home 
to make his own w.ay in the world. In the spring 
of 1846 he emigrated to Iowa, settling in the town 
of Farmington, Van Huren County, where he en- 
gaged both in .agricultural and mercantile pursuits. 
Returning to Fayette County, Ind., in the fall of 
1847, he was there united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Connei', the wedding being ctlebrated 



September 22. The lady is a daughter of James 
Conner, one of the earl}' settlers of Indiana, and a 
member of the family after wliora Connersvillc was 

Gen. Tuttle and his wife at once came to Iowa 
and took possession of the home previously pre- 
pared b}' the husband, but Mrs. Tuttle's married life 
proved of short duration, lier death occurring on 
on the fourth anniversary of lier wedding da}', the 
22nd of September, 1851. On the 17th of August, 
1853, the General was married near his home in 
Farmington, to Miss Laura M. Meek, a daugliter of 
.Samuel G. Meek, of that place. She was born in 
Goshen, Ohio, and came to Iowa with her parents 
in the early settlement of Van Buren County. Five 
children were born of their union, three daughters 
and two sons, of whom one son and two daughters 
are living. Laura, who was born July 16, 1854, is 
the wife of Albert L. West, a hardware merchant of 
Des Moines; George, born January 26, 1856, died 
on the 16th of October, 1863, in Vicksburg, Miss., 
while on a visit to his father during the late war; 
Mary, born March 26, 1860, died May 2, 1862; 
Mella. born July 13, 1865, and Joel, April 4, 1872, 
are still at home. 

Gen. Tuttle was a Democrat in early life, and in 
the fall of 1855 was elected by that party Sheriff 
of Van Buren County, serving two 3'ears, when in 
the autumn of 1857, he was elected County Treas- 
urer and Recorder of that county, which position 
he filled two terms of two 3-ears each. On the 
breaking out of the late Civil War he raised a com- 
pany of volunteers and was elected its Captain. 
Tlie company rendezvoused at Keokuk and was as- 
signed to the Second Iowa Infantry, of which Capt. 
Tuttle was elected Lieutenant-Colonel, and with 
the regiment was mustered into the service of the 
I'nited States on the 27th day of May, 1861, being 
the first three years regiment mustered into the ser- 
vice from Iowa. The regiment was assigned to 
dutj^ under Gen. Grant and on the 6th of Septem- 
ber, 1861, our subject was promoted to be Colonel, 
succeeding Col. Curtis, lie distinguished himself 
at the Iwltle of Ft. Donelson, as the leader of tlie 
successful charge on the enemy's works. February 
15, 1862, which nsulted in the capture of tiint 
stronghold, together willi a large (juantity of [iro- 

visions and ammunition. Several unsuccessful as- 
saults had been made on the entrenched confederates 
by the Union forces, and on the 15th, Gen. Grant 
having satisfied himself that the enemjf contem- 
plated cutting their waj' through the army, ordered 
the storming of the Confederate forces. The attack 
was made in a double column, the Second Iowa 
being on the left of Lauman's brigade and Col. 
Tuttle with iiis regiment led the assault. "Can you 
get into the entrenchments.'"' asked Gen. Smith, of 
Col. Tuttle. "Yes," was the prompt answer, "only 
support us, for we are going in there inside of 
twentj' minutes." Through a storm of shot and 
shell the gallant Colonel led the charge and tha 
Iowa boys followed, climbing the stee|) ascent over 
fallen trees, reserving their fire until the trenches 
were reached, when the Second drove the enemy 
from their rifle pits and the day was won, not, 
however, without a terrific loss to the storming 
party. Full}' one-half of the left wing led by Col. 
Tuttle was lying dead or wounded when the fight 
behind the trenches ceased, the total loss being two 
hundred and forty-one. The Cok)nel, while leading 
that brilliant charge at Donelson, was grazed by a 
ball which pa.ssed through his coat sleeve and glove, 
hitting his sword hilt and knocking the weapon 
over his head. The sudden wrenching of it from 
his hand paralyzed his arm during the rest of the 
engagement. Afterwards, while standing on a log, 
beckoning a regiment behind him to follow, a can- 
non ball struck llie log, knocking it from under him 
ar.d throwing him backwards upon a limb of a tree, 
by which he was seriously injured, but not suffi- 
ciently so to prevent his continuing the charge. 
Gen. Tuttle and the Second Iowa won high praise 
for their l)rilliant achievement at Donelson, and 
were the subject of a complimentary telegram from 
Gen. Ilallock, .is follows: 

St. Loris February 18, 1862. 

Adj. Gen. Baker: — The Second Iowa Infantry 
proved themselves the bravest of the brave. They the honor of leading the column which en- 
tered Ft. Donelson. 

(Signed) H. W. Hallock. 

At the battle of Shiloh Gen. Tuttle commanded 
a brigade of Gen. W. H. L. WalLice's divison, 
composed of the Second, Seventh, Eighth, Twelfth 
and Fourteenth Regimeuts, Iowa Infantry and Ar- 



tiJlery. He advanced on the Corinth road early 
Sunday morning, April 6, 18G2, to a point about 
one-third of a mile beyond the forks of the Ham- 
burg and Corinth roads, where he encountered the 
enemy in force. He succeeded in placing a large 
portion of his command in a waslicd-out road ;vhicii 
served the purpose of an intrenchment. The en- 
gagement began l)efore 9 o'clock A. RL, and Gen. 
Tuttle's three batteries and his infantry repulsed 
tlie enemy five times. At about 4:.30 o'clock the 
Rebels had nearly- surrounded the Federal force 
and succeeded in capturing three regiments, when 
Tuttle with the remainder of his troops cut his way 
through to the main Federal army. In the morn- 
ing lie was the fifth in command in his division, 
but when night closed upon the scene he was the 
first officer, his superiors having been all killed, 
wounded or taken prisoners. By the prompt and 
gallant action of Gen. Tuttle in making the ad- 
vance on the line as he did and the determined and 
fierce resistance his brigade had made to the ad- 
vancing Rebel arm}-, thereby delaying and cutting 
them uj) so severely, tliey were prevented from 
marching directly to the river and effecting a sur- 
prise that would in all probability have resulted in 
the capture or destruction of the whole Unidn 
arm^'. His promotion to the rank of Brigadier- 
General folhjwed his brilliant effort at Shiloh, his 
commission heaving date of .Tune 9, 1862. 

During the fall and winter of 1862, Gen. Tuttle 
was in command at Cairo and in the spring of 
1863, was assigned to the command of a division 
of Gen. Sherman's corps and while serving in that 
capacity participated in the campaign against 
Vicksbuig, and the capture of Jackson, Miss. He 
continued in active service until September, 1864, 
when he resigned and returned to his iiome. 

On his return from the army Gen. Tuttle settled 
in Des Moines and for two years was engaged in 
farming and the real-estate business, after which 
he embarked in pork packing with !iis brother Mar- 
tin, under the firm name of Tuttle Bros. In 1870, 
he liought his brother's interest and carried on the 
business alone for the succeeding three years when 
he formed a partnership with Lewis Igo, under tiie 
firm name of Tuttle ife Igo, which connection con- 
tinued until the .spring of 1875, when he again be- 

came sole proprietor. He carried on business 
alone until 1877, when he closed out and has since 
devoted his attention to other matters, including 
extensive mining interests in Colorado, Arizona 
and New Mexico. In 186.3, the General was the 
Democratic candidate for Governor and placed 
himself on record in regard to the important ques- 
tion of the day, the prosecution of the war, in an 
open letter, as follows: 

"I am in favor of a vigorous prosecution of the 
war to the fidl extent of our power until the rebel- 
lion is suppressed, and of using all means that m.ay 
be in our possession, recognized by honorable war- 
fare, for that purpose. I am for the Union without 
an "if" and regardless of whether slavery stands or 
falls by its restoration, and am in favor of peace 
on no other terms than the unconditional submis- 
sion of the Rebels to the constituted authorities of 
the United States." 

His party being in a large minority he was de- 
feated. In 1866 he was the Democratic candidate 
for Congress in opposition to Gen. G. M. Dodge, 
and although unsuccessful ran ahead of his ticket 
two thousand votes. In 1871 he was elected to the 
State Legislature and served one term. Later 
changing his political views, he was elected to the 
same ofl3ce as a Republican in 1883, and has since 
affiliated with that part3'. He is a member of 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., and in 1887, 
elected Department Commander of Iowa. During 
his term of service in that capacity he attracted 
the attention of the Nation by his successful oppo- 
sition to the partisan attempt to make President 
Cleveland the guest of the Grand Army of the Re- 
public at their National Encampment in St. Louis. 
Just prior to the last presidential convention he 
also vigorously denounced the order of tiie Presi- 
dent in regard to the return of the captured rebel 
flags, in whicli he proved himself in full sympathy 
with a large majority of his comrades. 

In 1886, when the State of Iowa determined to 
establish a Soldiers' Home, Gen. Tuttle was ap- 
pointed bj Gov. Larrabee, one of the commis- 
sioners, and he vvas at once chosen b}' the board as 
its President, which position he still fills. A hand- 
some building, capable of accommodating tliree 
hundred and fifty men, was erected at Marshall- 



town, and carried to a satisfactory completion 
witlioiit !iny jobber^'. Tlie institution is a credit 
to tlie State and its managers. 

Gen. Tuttle is tall of stature, being six feet in 
height, and well proportioned, very erect and of 
commanding appearance. He is unassuming in 
manner, but firm and resolute where principle is at 
stake. As his history shows he has won distinction 
as a soldier, and in private life commands the re- 
spect and esteem of his fellow-cilizens, regardless 
of party affiliations. 


,>^EN. ED WRIGHT, of Des Moines, one of 
(II __, the best known and most higlily respected 
^^J! citizens of Iowa, who is now Custodian of 
the public buildings and State property at the 
Capitol, is a native of the Buckeye State. He was 
born on a farm near Salem, Columbiana County 
(now Mahoning), on the 27tii of .June, 1827. His 
ancestors vvere of English origin, and were resi- 
dents of the Shenandoah Valley, in Virginia, from 
a period shortly prior to the War of the Revolu- 
tion until 1803, when they emigrated i\s a colony 
to Ohio, and settled in Columbiana Count}'. They 
were of tlie good old Quaker faith, and were among 
the most worthy of the early pioneers of that sec- 
tion of the State. .Joseph Wright, the great-grand- 
father of our subject, was the venerable leader of 
the colony. His son, Joseph, Jr., with his wife and 
son James, accompanied the father to Ohio, and 
located in Columbiana Countj*. Other members 
of the family branched off and settled in Hardin 
Count}-, of the same State, and greatly increased in 
numbers. James Wright, son of Joseph, was born 
in Bedford County, Va., on the 17th of June, 1803, 
and was an infant when taken by his parents to the 
Buckeye State. In 1824 he was joined in wedlock 
with Miss Mary Hinclunan, a native of New Jersey, 
who settled in Ohio about the same time iier hus- 
band became a resident of that Slate. Tliey reared 
a family of six children, four sons and two daugh- 
ters, all of whom are living at this writing. Mr. 
Wright detested nicknames and determined to 
name his sons in such a manner that it would not 

be possible to abreviate them. The subject of our 
sketch, who is the eldest, was called Ed; the sec- 
ond, Hugh, is now living in New Lisbon, Ohio; 
Seth, is a resident of Coal Creek, Col., while the 
3'oungest son, Lot, resides in Lebanon, Ohio. The 
eldest sister, Eliza, is the wife of James C. Trotter, 
of Salem, Ohio; and Lovinia is tlie widow of W. 
R. UUery, of Coal Crcik, Col. James Wright was 
a farmer, and was associated with his brother 
Thomas, who was a carpenter and millwright, and 
they were proprietors of two mills, a sawmill and 
gristmill. He led a useful and upright life and 
died in 1856, at tlie age of fift3'-three years. His 
good wife survived him manv years, and passed 
away in 1884. 

Gen. Ed Wright educated in the common 
schools and in Linnean Academy, at Atwater, Por- 
tage County, Ohio. In his youth lie was employed 
about his father's farm and mills, and being famil- 
iar with the use of carpenter's tools from childhood, 
acquired a knowledge of house carpentering and 
millwright work under the direction of his uncle, 
and was employed in that branch of industry. He 
was also engaged for a few terms in teaching school. 
One of the most important events of his life occur- 
red about this time — his marriage to Miss Martha 
Thompson, which was celebrated in Allegheny 
City, Pa., on the 23d of March, 1848. Tlie lady 
is a daughter of William Thompson, a farmer of 
Columliiana County, Ohio, where she was reared to 

For a few years following his marriage, Gen. 
Wright took charge of the and tiouring mills 
at Deerfield, Ohio, known .as Wright's Mills, and in 
1852 removed to Cedar County, Iowa, where he 
engaged in farming in Springdale Township, in 
connection with house building. On the formation 
of the Republican party, he joined its ranks, and 
began to be prominent in politics. In 1856 he was 
elected Representalire to the General Assembly, 
and re-elected in 1857 and 1859, serving three 
terms. After 1856 he engaged exclusively in 
agricultural pursuits, until he entered the railitar}' 
service of the Government in the late War, as Ma- 
jor of the Twentj'-fouith Iowa Infantry, receiving 
his commission September 18, 1862. He served in 
the Mississippi Valley, in the Thirteenth and Nine- 



teentli Army Corps, and participatecl in tlie battles 
of Ft. Gibson, Cliampioii Hills, the siege of Vieks- 
burg and the battle of Jackson, Miss. In the lat- 
ter part of 1863, with his regiment, he went to 
New Orleans on the Red River campaign. Early 
in July, 18G4, a i>art of the Nineteentli Corps, 
which included his regiment, was ordered to the 
Shenandoah Valley, and participated in the battle 
of Winchester, and in October, following, was in 
the engagement at Cedar Creek. In January, 186,"), 
they went to Savannah, Ga., and from there to 
Moorhead, to guard Sherman's supplies, and were 
finally mustered out at Savannah, July 17, 18(35. 
Gen. Wriglit was twice wounded. First at the bat- 
tle of Champion Hills, where he received a flesh 
wound in the thigh, and again at the battle of Ce- 
dar C!reek, where he was hit in the arm and hip. 
In recognition of his services, he was brevetted 
Brigadier-General, to date from March 13, 186,'i. 

After the close of the war, Gen. Wright returned 
to his farm in Iowa, and the following fall was again 
elected to the Legislature. He was honored by being 
chosen speaker of the House, of the Eleventh Gen- 
eral Assembly, in which position he proved a pop- 
lar officer. In October, 1866. he was elected Secre- 
tary of State, was re-elected in November, 1868, and 
again in October, 1870,serving in all six consecutive 
years. In 1873 he was appointed Secretary of the 
Board of Capitol Commissioners, and assistant su- 
perintendent of construction of the Capitol. He 
performed the arduous duties devolving upon him 
with exactness and fidelity, and on abolishment of 
tiie Board of Capitol Commissioners, and the crea- 
tion of the office of Custodian of Public Buildings 
and Property, he was appointed to that office, and 
has since served in that capacity. He has now 
been connected with the State service in the vari- 
ous positions named for a period of twenty-four 
years, during which time he has proved a faithful 
and competent oflScer, and has won the confidence 
and respect of all who are familiar with his prompt 
and faithful discharge of duty. 

Since December, 1866, on his election to tlie of- 
fice of Secretary of State, Gen. Wright has made 
his home in Des Moines. On the 27tli of June, 
1877, on his fiftieth birthday, he was called to 
mourn tlic loss of his wife, who died on tliat d.ay. 

leaving her husband and two daughters. She was 
a consistent mcmbei- of the Metliodlst Episcopal 
Church, a faithful wife .and a loving motiierof four 
children, two of whom are deceased. Asenatli, the 
eldest, died at the age of six years; Frank, the only 
son, died in infancy; Celia, is the wife of D. P. 
Clevel.and, a resident of Norwalk, Ohio; Flora, is 
unmai-ried, and resides witii her father. 

Gen. Wright is a member of Kinsman Post, Xo. 
7, G. A. R., the only civic society to wliich he be- 
longs.' He is a stockholder and director in the 
Citizens' National Bank of Des Moines, but other- 
wise has no business relations not connected with 
his official position. His popularity and promi- 
nence are indicated by the important positions 
which he has been called upon to fill, and, as before 
stated, he is one of the most highly esteemed citi- 
zens of Iowa. 


K. MACOMBER, County Attorney of Polk 
County, and one of the leading members of 
the bar, is located at 214 West Fourth Street. 
He is widely known throughout the State, 
having been connected with the faculty of the Ag- 
ricultural College at Ames, which won him an ex- 
tensive acquaintance, as well as the many friends 
that he has gained during his career as a lawyer. 
Mr. Macomber is a native of the old Bay State, and 
traces his ancestry back through nianj' generations 
of .'•'cottish people to the original progenitor of tlie 
family who lived more than four centuries .ago. 
His father was K. W. M.acomber, and his mothers 
maiden name was Martha Alexander. Their mar- 
riage took place on the 12th of December, 1839, 
and in 185.5, they emigrated with their family to 
Cass County, Iowa, settling near Atlantic, where 
they made their home for five years, when they be-- 
came residents of Lewis, the county seal of that 
county, where members of the family' still reside. 
Four children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Macomber, 
namely: Mrs. Belle Reynolds, who is eng.aged in 
the practice of medicine in Chicago; Dr. Henry K., 
a practicing physician of Pasadena, Cal., where he 
located in 1882; J. K., of this sketch; and Frank 



J., who is an attorney of Lewis, Iowa. George, 
tlie deceaserl son and brotlier was the j'oungest 
member of the family. He was formerly a mer- 
chant of Lewis, Iowa, but died in California, whither 
he had gone, hoping to benefit his health, in 1881. 
Tiie early lioyliood days of our subject were 
spent upon his father's farin, but for three years, 
between the ages of fourteen and seventeen, he w.'is 
engaged in assisting his father in operating the 
wagon freight line between Omaha and Central 
City, Col., after which he assisted his father on his' 
large farm near Lewis for two or three years, daring 
the summer season, while the winter months were 
spent as a teacher in the public schools. In 1869, 
at the age of twenty j-ears, he entered the .State 
Agricultural College at Ames, Iowa, from which he 
graduated in the class of 1872. "When his course 
was completed he was appointed instructor in that 
college and after teaching two years entered the 
institute of technology in Boston, Mass., where he 
remained several months, pursuing the study of 
physics, which he continued in Cornell University 
during the winter of 1875-6. When not other- 
wise employed he continued to teach in the Agri- 
cultural College until 1878, when he was appointed 
to full professorship in the institution and served 
as a member of the facult}- until 1883, when he 
resigned to engage in the practice of law, having 
in the meantime fitted himself for that profession. 
He was admitted to the bar in Cass County in 1879, 
and is now one of the active and leading members 
of the bar of Polk County. He is a gentleman of 
culture and of varicil and extensive reading, which 
adds greatly to his success in his professional career. 
He is familiar with all the leading i.ssues of the 
day, and possesses the qualifications necessary to a 
successful law3'er. Before he undertakes a case he 
gives to it a careful consideration and earnest 
study, viewing the (jueslion from all standpoints 
and is therefore ready to meet anj' argument which 
may be brought nji against him. In 188s, he suc- 
ceeded W. W. Phillips as County Attorney of Polk 
Count}-, and it is needless to say has proved an 
able and cllicicnt odicer. .Since 1 880, Mr. Macomber 
has been associated in business with his brother-in- 
law, Frank Y. Locke, who studied with Judge 
Georsfe I\L (lilchrist of X'inloii, Iowa, and was ad- 

mitted to the bar in Hutchinson, Reno County, 
Kan. Subsequent to that time he engaged in prac- 
tice in McPherson, Kan., but in the year above 
mentioned formed a partnership with Mr. Macomber. 
The gentlemen comprising the firm are genial, social 
men and have succeeded in building uii a large 
and lucrative practice. 

In 1877, Mr. Macomber was imited in marriage 
with Miss Mattie A. Locke, a lady of cultm-e and 
refinement, who graduated with her husband from 
the Ames Agricultural College, in the class of 1872. 
Their union has been blessed with five children, 
three sons and two daughters. 

\fi' AURISTON TWINING, real-estate dealer 
I (©) and lawyer of Des Moines, is a native of 
J^v, Iowa Citj', Iowa, born June 7, 1848. He is a 
direct descendant of Thomas Twining, the progeni- 
tor of the American branch of the family, who set- 
tled at Cape Cod in 1640, only twenty years after 
the landing of the Pilgrim Fathers. A sketch of 
his parents is given in connection with that of Dr. 
E. T. Twining on another page of this work. 

After attenduig the public and select schools 
until seventeen years of age, Mr. Twining entered 
the Iowa Wesleyan University at Mt. Pleasant, and 
subsequently became a student in the Iowa State 
Universitj', at Iowa City, completing the course of 
the junior year. Falling health then causeil him to 
leave college but after a time he read law under 
J. F. McJunkin, ex-Attorney-General of Iowa, and 
was admitted to the bar at Washington, in 1871. 
After practicing in that city for some four years he 
removed to Corning, Adams County, where he 
prosecuted his profession and made a complete set 
of abstract books for that county and served as 
Mayor of that city for one year. In 1882, he came 
to DcsMoines, and has been in the real-estate busi- 
ness since, handling ehiefl}' his own property. He 
is also making a special study of real-estate law 
and as taken an active part in platting poitions of 
the city, among which may he mentioned Twining's 
oflicial plat. Twelftli and Laurel Streets, Lake Park, 
where he erecteil the first two houses, and Twin- 




ing's Addition just iiortli of the river. He lias 
taken an active part in the public affairs of Nortli 
Des Moines and has served as Councilman and a 
member of the School Board. 

At Washington, Iowa, on the 3d of .Inne, 1873, 
Mr. Twining was joined in wedlock with Miss Laura 
A. Botkin, who was born in Miami County, Ohio, 
March 2, 1852, and went with her parents to Illi- 
nois, where she received her education, completing 
her school life bj- her graduation from the Female 
College of Jacksonville. They have four chil- 
dren — Arthur B., Granville H.,- Edward L. and 
Inez A., and the family circle remains unbroken. 
The parents are loyal members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church and take an active part in its 
upbuilding and advancement. Mr. Twining is 
always -wc'll-informed on the leading issues of the 
day and in politics is a Republican. He owns some 
fine property in the city as the result of judicious 
investments, and in connection with his real-estate 
business owns half the stock in the Guarantee Ab- 
stract Company, which has one of tlie best set of 
abstract books in the city. Though comparatively 
a young man he has witnessed the growth of Des 
Moines from its early infancy. In 18.54 and 1855. 
his father being stationed here on ministerial work, 
he played ball on "the commons," where now 
stands the court-house and tlie surrounding busi- 
ness blocks. He distinctly of seeing 
some five hundred Indians have a war dance where 
now ho beholds the fir.«t city in the State. 


I'/f^ OL. CONDUCE H. GATCH, State Senator, 
j( and a prominent lawj-er of Des Moines, was 

^^7 born near Milford, Clermont County. Ohio, 
July 25, 1825, and is a son of Philip and Mary 
(Dimraitt) Gatcli. His father, a well-to-do farmer, 
was a native of Buckingham County, Va., l)orn in 
1793. The family of which the Colonel is a mem- 
ber, was founded in America, b}- Godfrey Gatch, 
who emigrated from his home in Prussia, and set- 
tled in Maryland in 1725. He was the great-great- 
grandfather, and Conduce Gatch the great-grand- 
father of our subject. Philip Gatch, grandfather 

of the Colonel, was a number of the first conference 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church organized in 
America. In his early life ho was a slave owner 
in Virginia, but in 1798, liberating his slaves, lie 
removed to the Northwest Territory, settling near 
Cincinnati, Ohio. He was a member of tlic con- 
vention that framed the first constitution for Ohio, 
and for many years was Associate Judge of Cler- 
mont County, that Stale. 

Col. Catch's mother was born in Jefferson County, 
Va., in 1798, and William Dim mitt, his great-great- 
grandfather on the maternal side, having emigrated 
from Germany, also settled, as did Godfrey Gatch, 
in what is now Baltimore County, Maryland, and 
probabl}' at about the same time. 

Col. Gatch remained on his father's farm in Ohio 
until seventeen years of age, during which time he 
attended school in the winter season, while the re- 
maining nine months of the year were spent at farm 
labor. By close application to his studies in leisure 
hours, he qualified himself at the age above men- 
tioned, to enter Augusta College, of Augusta, K3'., 
where he pursued a regular course of stud^'. On 
its completion he enteied upon the study of law 
in Xenia, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar at 
Columbus, in the same State, in 1848. He engaged 
in practice at Xenia, and after having established 
himself in business, on the 5th of September, 1850, 
was united in marriage in Cincinnati, with Miss 
Mary E. Stewart, daughter of Dr. James B. Stew- 
art. Mrs. Gatch was born in Monroe, Ohio, and 
is of Scotch- Irish descent. Five children grace 
their union, one son and four daughters. The son, 
Elwood S., wedded Miss Emma Gray, and is en- 
gagtd in the wholesale and retail crockery business 
in Des Moines, Iowa, and Omaha, Nel)., the firm 
name of the Des Woines house being Perkins & 
Gatch, while that in Omaha is Perkins, Gatch <fe 
Lauman. The eldest daughter, Eva S., is now the 
wife of Judge William Connor, of the firm of Gatch, 
Connor k Weaver, of Des Moines; Annie M., is 
the wife of P. A. Lauman, of the firm of Perkins, 
Gatch cfe Lauman, of Omaha; Mary and Huth G. 
are unmarried. 

In 1849, Col. Gatch removed to Kenton, Ohio, 
where he continued to reside until after the close 
of the war. He was electeil Prosecuting Attorney 



of that county, and in 1858, at the age of iLirly- 
tliree j'ears. was elected to the Ohio Senate to 
represent the district composed of Hardin, Logan, 
ftlarion and Union Counties. In the 3'ear 1861, at 
the breaking- out of the late war, he raised a company 
of the Thirty-thii'd Ohio Infantry, of wliicli he 
was commissioned Cai)tain. and partioipate<l in t!ie 
successful campaigns in Tennessee, Kentucky, and 
Alabama, which resuller] in the caiilnre of Bowling 
Green, N.ashville, Murfrecsboro, Shclbj-ville, and 
Huntsville. During the latter part of his service 
in the army, he was Lieutenant Colonel of the One 
Hundred and Thirty-fifth Ohio Regiment. Col. 
Gatch was a Whig in political sentiment in early 
life, and was one of the first to ioin in the organiza- 
tion of the Republican party. He was a delegate to 
the First National Republican Convention, in 18.")6, 
which nominated Gea. John C. Fremont for the 
Presidency, and was also a delegate to the National 
Republican Convention of 1884, which nominated 
James G. Blaine as Chief Magistrate of the coun- 

In 18G6, Col. Gatch, accompanied by his family, 
came to Des Moines, where he has since resided. 
He soon won prominence at the bar in his new field 
of labor, and being an earnest and active Repub- 
lican took a leading part in^support of his jjarty in 
campaigning service. At one time he held the 
office of District Attorney of Polk County, but re- 
signed the position after a little more than a year's 
service, as the discharge of its duties interfered 
with his regular practice. In the fall of 1885. he 
was elected to the State Senate from Des Moines, 
and in the Twenty first General Assembly served 
on important committees. In the Twenty second 
General Assembly he was Chairman of the Appro- 
priation Committee, one of the most important of 
the Senate committees. After serving his first term 
of four years, he was re-elected in the fall of 1889, 
for a second term of like duration, which gives him 
eight years in that body. The Colonel has proved 
a faithful and earnest legislator, always fearless in 
the expression of his opinions, and honest and zeal- 
ous in the performance of every duty. 

An old member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, Col. Gatch has liornc a prominent and use- 
ful part in the supi)ort and direction of the affairs 

of that church. He has twice been a delegate to 
the General Conference, first in Baltimore in 1876, 
and again in Cincinnati in 1880. He is a member 
of the Masonic fraternity belonging- Uy Pioneer 
Lodge, No. 22, A. F. tl- A. M., and is also a mem- 
ber of the Grand Ami}- of the Republic, and of the 
Loyal Legion of the United States. 

The present law firm of Gatch, Connor ife Weaver, 
of which Col. Gatch is the senior member, jwas or- 
ganized in 1885, and is one of the leading law firms 
of Iowa. The legal business of the Colonel has not 
been of that character which would call him so fre- 
quently into the local courts as that of some other 
lawyers, it consisting largely' of litigation in the 
United States Circuit and Supreme Courts, involv- 
ing extensive landed interests. He is recognized 
as a lawyer of superior ability, and is well grounded 
in the i)rincii)les of his profession. Exact and thor- 
ough in the preparation of his cases, strong, clear 
and forcible in ai'gument, he holds the attention of 
a jury, and commands the respect of the court. 
Honesty of purpose, sincerity and unswerving in^ 
tegrity are the strong characteristics that have 
marked the public and private life of Col. Gatch. 
He lias but little of the suave and urbane manner 
which usually marks the successful politician, and 
his personal popularity, which is so great, is more 
the result of the possession of the sterner qualities 
that beget confidence,-and command respect. See 


\ OAH M. GEIL, who since 1855 has been a 
yy resident of this countj', now resides on sec- 
ii^ tion 29, Bloomfield Township. As he is 
well-known throughout the communit3', and is re- 
garded as one of the representative citizens, we feel 
that this sketch will be of interest to anj^ of our 
readers. The history of his life is as follows: He 
was born in Fairfield County, Ohio, May 23, 1823, 
being the son of Christian and Mary (Rodolph) 
Geil, whose family numbered thirteen children, 
seven sons and six daughters. Mr. Geil was a na- 
tive of Pennsylvania, but when a small child was 
taken bj' his imrents to Ohio, whore he was reared 



to inanhouil. He made farming his business 
throughout life, and upon the old homestead in 
Faiifield County. Ohio, passed to his last rest in 
1865. His wife was born. in. Yii;ginia, Init also be- 
came a resident of the Buckeye State in early life. 
All of their eiiildren grew to mature 3'ears, but 
on]\' six are now living: Emanuo], a resident of 
Lancaster, Fairlieid County, Ohio; Daniel, who re- 
sides in Darlve County, Ohio; .loseph, a farmer of 
Bloom field Township; Noah, the subject of tiiis 
sketch; JIargaret, wife of George Waygum, of 
Fairlieid County, Ohio; and .Sarah, wife of (George 
Grimm, a resident farmer of Darke County, Ohio. 
Those who have passed awa}' are: Jesse, wlio died 
in fiercer County, Ohio; .Jacob, who died in Polk 
County, in 1879, from disease contracted while a 
soldier in tlie late war; Israel died in his native 
county; Rachel died at the age of sixteen years; 
Riisanna, wife of Jacob Insel, a resident of Fairlieid 
County, Oliif); Mar}', wife of B. Berry, of Darke 
County, Oiiio; and Elizabeth, wife of Simon Berry, 
who is novv living in Kansas. After the death of 
her husband, Mrs. Geil, the mother of this family, 
went to make her home with her daughter in Darke 
Country, Ohio, where her death occurred. Mr. Geil 
and his wife were numl)ered among the pioneers of 
Fairfield County, where many years of their lives 
were spent. Greatly respected b}' all who knew 
them, they had manj' warm friends in the commu- 
nity, and were widelj' known. 

Noah Geil has been a successful business man, 
and is numbered among the well to-do farmers of 
Bkiomfield Township. He was early inured lo hard 
labor, his early life being spent upon a wild and 
unljroken farm in Fairfield County, Oiiio. The 
greater [lart of the development of the land de- 
volved upon him and his lirother Jesse. It was no 
easy task to clear awav the heavy timber, [ilow the 
liitlierto unbroken land, and [)lace it in a condition 
to yield a sudicient income for the wants of the 
family. The work, however, was at length accom- 
plished, and although it doubtless proved burden- 
some at the time, was an excellent training school 
for the phj'sical natures of the lads engaged in it. 
Until twenty years of age Mr. Geil remained under 
the parental roof. He then began learning the tan- 
ner's trade, at which he served a two years' apprcn- 

ticeshiii, receiving $10 per mouth as compensation 
for his services. It was not long before he had 
mastered the business, and until 185;') he followed 
it for a livelihood. 

In the meantime Mr. Geil united in marriage 
with Miss Sophia Berry, the wedding taking pl.ace 
in Fairfield County, in 18.50. The lady is a daugh- 
ter of Joseph and liarbara (Miller) Berry, the 
former of ^'irginia, the latter of Pennsylvania. The 
father's death occurred in Ohio some years ago, 
but the mother is still living, and makes her home 
with Airs. Geil. Should she be spared until the 2d 
of May, 1800, she will have reached her ninety- 
sixth 3'ear. The family of this worthy couple 
iiumbered twelve children, but only four are now 
living: Christian, a resident of Jasper County, 
111.; David, of Warren Countj-, Iowa; .Sally, widow 
of Abraham Wellt3^a resident of Fairfield Couufy, 
Ohio; and Sophia, wife of our subject. 

In 18.5.J, Mr. Geil accompanied by his family-, 
came to Polk Connty, making his m-st location in 
Saylor Townshi|). At the time of his arrival an old 
mill, known as tlie Shepherd Mill, marked the site 
of the State Ca|)itol, while Fast Des Moines con- 
tained but one log cabin. The greater part of the 
land was still in its primitive condition, prairies 
were unbroken, and the woodman's axe had never 
awakened the ec.'hoes in the forest. In company 
with his brother-in-law, A. T. Berr^-, Mr. Geil pur- 
chased two hundred and seventy .acres of wild land, 
the only improvement thereon being a little log 
cabin. Into that they moved, making it their home 
for a period of eighteen months. The men in the 
meantime were liusily engaged in breaking prairie, 
planting crops .and otherwise developing a farm. 
The year after their arrival they planted sixty 
acres of sod corn, but iu I85T, they sold the farm 
in Saylur Township and [)urch.a.sed two hundred 
acres of land in Warren County, Iowa, twenty 
acres of which had been broken. They fenced their 
land, and developed two farms in that county, and 
were quite successful in their operations, but in 
1806 Mr. Geil returned to Polk County. He pur- 
chased seventy acres of land in Bloomfield Town- 
ship, ami through his indefatigable labors iias maile 
one of the best farms in the communit}-. All the 
necessary improvements are there found, including 



excellent barns and outbuildings, and the bounda- 
ries have been extended until it now comprises one 
hundred and eighty- acres. 

Kiglit children have been born of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Gcil: Naomi, the eldest, wedded 
Wilson McWilliams, but is now deceased; Barbara 
is the wife of Joiin Manbeck, a resident of Des 
Moines; Joseph, Mary and David B. are at home; 
Frank F. wedded Miss Cora I>owe, and is engaged 
in farming in Bloomfieid Township; Jonas and 
Ida are deceased. 

In politics Mr. Geil is independent, voting for 
the man and not the party. He supjiorted the Re- 
publican party for man}' years, but believing it for 
the l>cst interests of the community, he took an in- 
dependen^ stand. Social, moral and educational 
interests find in him a ready snpitorter, and he is a 
liberal contributor to tiic cause of Christ, he and 
his wife being members of the Brethren in Christ. 

"^^ LBF;RT BELL, a representative farmer re 
'KM siding on section 16, Bloomfieid Township, 
is a native of the Buckeye State. His birth 
occurred in Harrison County, on the 20th 
of September, 1839, he being a son of Samuel and 
Rachel (Croskey) Bell. The ancestrj' of the Bell 
family can be traced back to Ireland but the Croskey 
family is of German origin. Samuel Bell was a 
native of Pennsylvania and by occupation was a 
farmer, which business he followed in Ohio until 
1 S.'iG, when he came with his family to Polk Count}', 
Iowa. Purchasing forty acres of wild land, he 
therefrom developed a farm, upon which he re- 
sided until his death. We can gain some idea of 
the unsettled condition of the county at that time, 
from the f.act that Des Moines then contained onlv 
about two thousand inhabita^itsand what is now Sec- 
ond Street was then the main street of the city. 
There were only about six stores and the Des 
Moines House was the principal hotel. In fact it 
was considered one of the best hotels in this part of 
the State. Settling upon the land which he pur- 
chased, Jlr. Bell turned his attention to its cultiva- 
tion and development and became one of the i 

|)rosperous farmers of the community. He was 
also one of the well known and valued citizens and 
served as Superintendent of schools of Polk County. 
In political sentiment he was a stanch Democrat 
and took an active part in local political affairs. 
To the Church work he gave liberally, his member- 
ship being with the Christian Church. He was just 
and honorable in all his dealings, pleasant and 
genial in manner, and made friends wherever he 
went. His life was well spent and he was read}' to 
respond to the final summons which came Mai'ch 17, 
1877. He was buried in the cemetery of Des 

The family of Mr. and Blrs. Bell numbered six 
children, three of whom are now deceased, namely; 
Jackson, John and Caroline. Those still living 
are Catherine, wife of Philander Smith, a farmer of 
Bloomfieid Township; Albert,' the subject of this 
sketch; and Rachel, wife of Cyrus A. Mosier. 
She has a family of six children as follows: 
Lenore, wife of Hari-y L. Devin of Washington; 
Blanche, wife of H. E. Snook of Bloomfieid Town- 
ship; Albert G., who also lives in the State of 
Washington; Charles R., Rachel and Mack at home. 

The mother of this family is still living with her 
son on the old homestead, where in all probability 
she wfll spend the remainder of her days. She 
has now reached the eighty-fourth year of her age, 
but yet enjoys a good degree of health. Like 
her husband she is an earnest and consistent mem- 
ber of the Christian Church, who delights in doing 
good and is ever ready to extend a helping hand 
to the poor and needy. 

In his native State our subject received his edu- 
cation, his advantages being such as the common 
schools of that day afforded. He was a young man 
of seventeen years when he accompanied his par- 
ents to Iowa. He at once began assisting his 
father in the development of a farm and operated 
the same until his father's death, when he assumed 
entire control. He spends his time in looking 
after its interests an<l caring for his loved mother 
who is now quite aged. 

His neighbors appreciating the worth and ability 
of Mr. Bell have frequently called upon him to 
serve in official positions. He is now the present 
Town Clerk of Bloomfieid Township, which office he 



has held for the past ten years and has also been 
School Treasurer for about tlie same length of time. 
The duties of tlie office of township trustee he has 
discharged, and in -every ollicial [iosition which he filled he has manifested a spirit of fidelity and 
loyality which won the couli<lence of all concerned. 
Like his father he is a stalwart supporter of Demo- 
cratic principles and does all in his power to 
advance the interests of that party. 

of DesMoines, and a pioneer of Iowa of 
. 1838, was born in the city of New York, 

September 12, 1820, and is a son of Dr. Jesse and 
Harriet (Hilton) Merritt. His father was a native 
of Connecticut, born March 19, ITilO, of English 
parentage. The paternal grandfather of our sub- 
ject was one of four brothers who were born in 
Connecticut, their parent; having emigrated from 
England to America prior to the Revolutionary 
War. One settled in New York, one in Can.ada, 
another in South Carolina, and the fourth remained 
in Connecticut. The maternal gr.andmothor of our 
subject was a daughter of Joseiih (iriswold, and a 
native of England. \\'ith her parents, she also 
settled in this country in Colonial days. Their 
home was in New York City, on the Batter}'. The 
maternal grandmother resided with her family on 
the Hudson River, at the time of the Revolu- 
tionar}' War, and was driven from her home by 
the Elnglisli soldiers. 

Dr. Jesse Merritt, the father of the Colonel, was 
a merchant on Chatham Street, N. Y., in early life, 
and when William H. was about a year old re- 
moved with his family to Ithaca, where he resided 
eleven years. He continued merchandising there 
and also studied medicine, receiving his diploma 
during the time. About 1832 he removed to Cat- 
taraugus County, N. Y., settling in Lodi, now 
known as Gowanda, where he practiced medicine 
until 1837, when ho removed to Buffalo, and en- 
gaged in the real-estate business, in connection 
with the practice of his profession, continuing his 
residence in that city until his death, which oc- 

curred in 1850. His wife died in Ithaca, in 1825. 

The subject of this sketch received his literary 
education in the Genesee Wesleyan University, of 
Lima, N. Y., and in 1838, went to Rock Islaml, 
III. After spending a few months at that i)lace as 
merchants' clerk he continued his journey to Ivan- 
hoe, Linn County, in the Territory of Iowa, for 
the purpose of managing a branch store for his 
employers at that place, then only a frontier ham- 
let. The white population of Linn County at that 
time did not exceed one hundred, all told, and his 
principal trade was with the Sac and Fox Indians. 
Mr. Merritt was the first man wdio ever sold goods 
in the interior of Iowa, except the licensed Indian 
traders. In 1840 he closed up the business at 
Ivaniioe and removed to Burlington, Iowa, to accept 
the a[)pointraent of enrolling clerk of the Territo- 
rial Council, whose sessions were held in the old 
Zion Methodist Episcopal Church of that place, in 
the winter of 18-10-1. After the adjournment of 
the Council he returned to Linn County, and in 
1842, went to Buffalo, N. Y., where he engaged in 
tlie mercantile business with his father. In 1847 
he returned to Iowa and took charge of the Miner's 
E.qiresfi, a daily pajier of Dubuque, which he con- 
ducted until the fall of 1818, when he sold out and 
went or. a Government surve}' in the northern part 
of the Stale. 

In January, ISIU, the gold discoveries in Cali- 
fornia attracted the attention of Col. Merritt, and 
he determined to try his fortune in that direction. 
The journey was made by stage to St. Louis and 
thence by steamer to New Orleans, where he 
lioarded a sixty-ton schooner bound for the Isth- 
mus, which was reached after tvventy-four days on 
the gulf, in very storm}' weather. From the Isth- 
mus he went b}' the customary route to San Fran- 
cisco. He was engaged in raining and trading in 
California until March, 1851, when he returned 
home and joined W. A. Jones in the purchase of the 
Miner's Express, of Dubuque, which at the end of 
two years was consolidated with Ihe Herald. While 
conducting the paper, Mr. Merritt was ai)pointed 
Surveyor of the Port of Dulnique, ab tut 1852, be- 
ing the first officer of the kind in Iowa. Two 
years later In; severed his connection with the pa- 
l)er and accepted the appointment of tegister of 



the iK'wly creaied land olTice at Fort Dodge, and 
entered upon the duties of that position in Novem- 
ber, 1855. Gen. Verplank \'an Antwerp, who ^vas 
the receiver of the first land office in the State, in 
connection with Gen. A. C. Dodge, held the same 
pofeiliou in the new office at Fort Dodge. Col. 
Merritt served as register until the fall of 1857, 
during which time two million acres of land had 
been sold through the office, and then resigned to 
enter into the banking business at Cedar Rapids 
with George and William Green under the firm 
name of Green, Merritt ife Co., successors to Green. 
Ware & Co., which continued until 1861. 

At the breaking out of the late war Mr. Merritt 
withdrew from his business interests to enter the 
service, at the first call of President Lincoln for 
three months troops. He was first elected Captain 
of Company K, First Iowa Infantry, which honor 
he declined, after which he was elected Lieutenant- 
Colonel of the regiment and so commissioned. 
Owing to the illness of Col. Bates, Col. Merritt led 
that gallant regiment at the hotlj' contested battle 
of Wilson's Creek, Mo., where he exhibited much 
coolness and bravery. When Gen. Lj'on fell, mor- 
tally wounded, oo that occasion, he stood within a 
few steps of that noble officer. At the expiration 
of four months, when the regiment was mustered 
out, Col. Merritt was appointed on the staff of 
Gen. McClellan with the rank of Colonel of Cav- 
alry. He was strongly' presented for promotion to 
Brigadier-General, and was to have gone to Texas 
on an expedition with Gen. Kilpatrick, but differ- 
ent orders were issued and he was stationed in Ft. 
Leavenworth, Kan., where he remained till late in 
1862, when he resigned and returned to Iowa. He 
subsequently raised a company at Cedar Rapids 
for the Sixth Cavalry, under the promise of a com- 
mission as Lieutenant-Colonel, failing of which he 
resigned and again engaged in the newspaper bus- 

Locating in DcsMoines, Col. Merritt purchased 
the Slatesma)!, which he published until 1866, 
when he sold out and started a farm on Walnut 
Creek, in Polk County, where he engaged exten- 
sively in the growing of hops, but the grasshop- 
pers ruined his crops and caused him to lose 
heavily. A year later he rented his farm and. 

with William Irving ik Co., contractors, engaged 
in building the Rockford. Rock Island it St. Louis 
Railroad. In connection with Judge Green & 
Bro.. he was contractor and superintendent of con- 
struction of the line between Beardstown, 111., and 
Lower Alton. He was engaged in railroading 
several years, during which time he built a portion 
of the Ohio Central Railroad, and was connected 
with the Contiiicntal Road, operating in Ohio and 
Indiana, with headquarters at Ft. Wayne, from 
1870 until 1873. In 1880 he returned to Des- 
Moines, and in March of that j'ear was elected 
Ma3or of the city, which position he held through 
two years. In 1883 and 1884, he was engaged in 
constructing a portion of the Danville, Olnej- & 
Ohio River Railroad, after which he was not in ac- 
tive business until appointed Postmaster of Des- 
Moiiies, in September, 1886, which position he 
holds at this writing. Col. Merritt has made an 
efficient and popular Postmaster, his administration 
of the office having been conducted with such 
ability and fidelity, that, although now serving 
under a Rei)ublican administration, there is a large 
portion of those opposed to him in politics who 
will be sorry to see him superseded. The office is 
an important one and requires a force of fifty em- 
plo3es to perform the necessarj' duties. The post- 
master is the custodian of the building and Gov- 
ernment propertj' connected with it. Col. Merritt 
has alwa3"s been a consistent Democrat, and has 
been influential in the councils of his party in Iowa 
for many years. During the war he was the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Governor, and was defeated 
by only eight thousand majority in a State noted 
for being one of the most radical Republican 
strongholds in the Union. 

Col. Merritt, on the 8th of .January, 1846, in 
Silver Creek, near Buffalo, X. Y., was united in 
marriage with Miss Marcia M. Sutherland, a daugh- 
ter of Solomon and Rebecca Sutherland. She was 
born in Chautauqua County, N. Y., and comes of 
a prominent and influential farail}- of that State, of 
which the late Judge Sutherland, of the Supreme 
Bench, was a member. Seven children were born 
to Col. and Mrs. JNIerritt, of whom onl}' three sons 
arc now living. Edward S., the eldest, married 
Miss Bertha Kidd. and is Superintendent of the 



Carriers of the Des Moines post-office; William H., 
Jr., is associated in business with J. D. Seeburgcr in 
tlic hardware business, in Des Moines; and Douglas 
D. is connecteil with the Chicago Lumljer Com- 
pany, of Denver, Col. IMrs. Merritt is a member 
of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, of Des Moines. 

The Colonel is an Odd Fellow and a Mason, and 
lias passed all the Chairs in the former order. He 
has no business interests in this cit3', but is inter- 
ested in mining operations in Arizona. A little 
more than a half century has intervened since Col. 
Merritt first entered the Territory of Iowa and 
sold goods to the dusky natives, and move than 
forty years have passed since he first conducted 
one of the leading journals of the Slate. During 
all these j'ears he has made Iowa his home and has 
been identified in one way or another with the 
growth and development of tlie State. As a citi- 
zen, he lias always been highly esteemed for his 
upright, manly and patriotic course in public and 
private life, and for his kindly, genial manner to 
all with whom he has had business or social rela- 

HILANDER SMITH is a representative of 
one of the pioneer families of the county 
and is now owner of one of its most valua- 
ble farms. His landed possessions comprise 
four hundred acres under a high state of cultiva- 
tion and well improved. 

Mr. Smith is a native of Jllinuis, iiaving been 
born on the 6th of June, 1835, in Fulton County. 
His parents, James and Eliza (Copeland) Smith, 
were both natives of Kentucky and of Irish descent. 
His father is also a farmer and engaged in the cul- 
tivation of land in his native State until 1835, 
when he removed to Fulton County, 111. In con- 
nection with his agricultural pursuits, he there 
worked in an oil mill and also stocked plows in a 
factory at CantOH. He emigrated to Missouri in an 
early day, probably about the year 1840, and en- 
gaged in the nursery business for about three years. 
The spring of 1847 witnessed his arrival in Polk 
County, Iowa, himself and two sons making the 
Journey from Cairo by boat to (^hiincy, 111. As the 

river was still frozen over, thiy could proceed no 
farther in that manner and were compelled to walk 
the remainder of the distance, two hundred and 
sixty-five miles. On his arrival, Mr. Smith made 
a claim in what is now Delaware Township, but 
after two years sold out ami purchased the farm 
which he now owns. It comprises one hundred 
and twenty acres, for which he paid >!l.25 i)er .acre, 
and is located in Bloomndd Township, now a pari 
of the city of Des Moines. As the county has be- 
come more thickly populated it has risen rafiidly in 
value, and in connection with the many imi)rove- 
ments which have been made upon it has become 
one of the most valuable farms in the county. He 
erected a large brick residence and surrounded his 
home by a beautiful grove of evergreens whieh 
makes it one of the prettiest farm residences in the 
community. Mr. Smith is the pioijeer nurseryman 
of Bloomfleld Township and continued business in 
that line on the farm just mentioned until 1883, 
when he leased his land and removed to Faulk 
County, S. Dak., where he now has one of the finest 
orchards in the kState. He was regarded as one of 
the leading and progressive citizens of Polk Countj'. 
He did all in his power to advance its best interests 
and his aid was never solicited in vain for the ad- 
vancement of its worthy enterprises. 

Unto James and Eliza Smith was born a family 
of three children: John C, a resident of IJloomfiold 
Township; Philander, whose name heads this sketch, 
and Eliza, who died in infancy. The mother was 
called to her final rest in 1838, when a resident of 
Fulton County, 111., after which Mr. Smith was 
again married, in 1853, lo Miss Christiana Whil- 
lege, b}' whom he had four children — Alice and 
Eliza (twins) the latter deceased; Florence and 
Sarah E. 

We now come to the personal history of our sub- 
ject. The days of his boyhood and youth were 
spent upon his father's farm, he remaining under 
the parental roof until twenty. four j-ears of age. 
He was a lad of eleven j'ears when he became a 
resident of this county, and from that time assisted 
his father in the nursery business until May, 18GI, 
when responding to his country's call U>v troop-; to 
crush out the rebellion in its infancy, lie eidisted in 
Company D, Second Iowa Infantry, undi'r Capl. 



Crocker. That was the first company to leave Des 
Moines. They went Hrst to Keokuk, after which 
tliey were engaged in garrison duty at different 
l)oints in tiie country until the winter of 1861-G2. 
Their first engagement occurred on the 6th of Feb- 
ruary, 18C2, and from that forward Mr. Smith with 
his regiment participated in nian^- battles, includ- 
ing the hard-fought battle of Corinth, where he 
was wounded, receiving a gun shot in his right arm. 
lie was taken to the hospital at Corinth, where his 
wound was dressed, and in a few daj's removed to 
Keokuk, Iowa, where he remained for about six 
months, when, being disabled for dut)', he was dis- 
charged in April, 1863, and returned home. 

It was some time before Mr. Smith regained his 
usual health, but as soon as he had acquired suffi- 
cient strength, he engaged in farming. He bought 
eighty acres of land in a wild and unimproved con- 
dition on section 32, Blooomfield Township, upon 
which he erected a log cabin and then leased his 
farm for a j'ear, but ot the end of that time de- 
voted his own energies to its development. He 
cleared away the brush, planted crops, and in a 
short time had made a good farm, to the value of 
which he has constantly added by his many im- 
provements and the liigh state of cultivation under 
which it was placed. He found an able helpmate 
in his wife, whose maiden name was Miss Catherine 
Bell. She had previously been married, however, 
being the widow of Moses Handley, who died in 
1861. By that marriage she had four children, three 
of whom are now living, William F., James B. and 
Moses B. The only daughter. Mary B., is now 
deceased. Mrs. Smith is a daughter of Samuel and 
Rachel (Craskej') Bell, and came with her parents 
to Iowa in 1856; she born in Jefiferson Count3', 
Ohio, Ai)ril 18, 1835. The union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith was celebrated Deceml)er 16, 1864, and unto 
them have been born four ciiildren : Josephine, who 
is now Principal of the Howe School, of Des Moines ; 
Thcron, deceased ; Stella E. and Bell, who are at 
home. Neither labor nor expense has been spared 
by the parents in i)roviding their children with 
excellent educational advantages, and of their 
daughters the parents may well be proud. As be- 
fore stated the eldest now oc(U[)ics the position of 
prJNcipal iji one of t!ic schools of Des Moines. Miss 

Stella is a graduate of the High School of that city 
of the class of 1888, and the youngest expects soon 
to complete the same course. 

Mr. Smith and his wife began their domestic life 
in a little log cabin, and there many happy .lays 
were passed, but after seven yfars, success having 
attended their efforts, the pioneer home was replaced 
by a large and commodious two-story residence. 
Other improvemenfs were soon afterward made, in- 
cluding a large barn .and the necessary outbuild- 
ings and their home was beautified by surrounding 
it with a grove of evergreens. • It indeed presents 
an attractive appearance to the passer-by and indi- 
cates to the traveler that the owner is a man of 
culture and refinement as well as of thrift and in- 
dustry. To his original purchase he has added 
until he now owns four hundred acres of finely 
devtloped land, two hundred and forty acres of 
which is in the incorporated limits of the city, 
upon which can be found a good grade of stock. 
For a period of twelve years he made a specialt}^ 
of breeding fine stock but now raises onl}' enough 
for his own use. He has certainly been very suc- 
cessful in his undertakings but his prosperity is due 
alone to his own efforts. As a citizen he is public 
spirited and progressive and has identified himself 
with the worthy interests of the counl3- since 1847. 
On his arrival in Iowa there was but one frame 
house in the city of Des Moines and it was not 
weather-boarded, the homes of tlic few settlers were 
widely scattered, the work of progress had scarcely 
begun and the most imaginative would hardly- have 
predicted the wonderful growth which has been 
made. The count3' is on a par with anj' in the State 
of Iowa, and the capital city compares favorably 
with the older cities of the East. The wild prairies 
have been made to bloom and blossom as the rose, 
industries and manufactories of great importance 
have been introduced, and in no particular is Des 
Moines behind the large cities of other States. It 
lias been no easy task to bring aliout this pleasing 
residt and to the pioneers who bore the hardest part 
of the labor, much praise is due. Mr. Smith is one 
of these and he also deserves the encomiums tlue to 
the valiant soldier and enterprising citizen. In 
politics he is a sujiporler of the Repidjlican party 
and, socially, is a member of Crocker Post, Ci. A. R., 


&J6s^^<^i^l c t^<.^ ( ' 




of Dcs Moines. 'Sirs. ISniith and her daughters are 
members of the Christian Churcli, holding their 
membersliip at tlie Central Church of Christ. She 
is also a charter member of that organization, and 
an earnest worker in the Master's cause, having 
joined tlie church when but a girl. She is a lady 
of refinement and culture and has been a true help- 
mate indeed, taking charge of the domestic affairs 
of her home and bringing her children up in the 
faith of a living God. The home of Mr. Smith is 
the abode of hospitality, and while in his presence 
and that of his worthy Wife one feels at case, and 
it is with pleasure we reccd the lives of so worthy 
a couple for the coming generations. 

— ^ 

OL. BARLOW GRANGER, the pioneer 
journalist of Polk County, and one of the 
most widely-known of Iowa's early settlers, 
was born in Cayuta, Tioga County, N. Y., IMay 31, 
liSlC, and is a son of Erastus and Betsy (Gillet) 
Granger. The Granger family is of English or- 
igin, and dates its residence in Northern New York 
long prior to the War of the Revolution. The 
paternal grandfather of our subject was born in 
Whitehall, on Lake Champlain, and removed thence 
to Cortland County, where he died at an advanced 

Erastus Granger, father of the Colonel, was born 
in Whitehall, N. Y.,on the 15th of February, 1787. 
and married Miss Betsy Gillet, a cousin of the Hon. 
Ransom Gillet, of New York. She was born in 
New Lebanon, that State, on the 16th of Decem- 
ber 1787, and died in Green, Chenango County, 
on the 24111 of June, 1840. Her husband survived 
her twenty years, and died in Steuben County in 
1860, at the age of seventy-three. They had five 
children, two sons and three daughters, our subject 
being the eldest son. 

Col. Granger removed to Rochester, N. Y., with 
his parents, in 1823, and there witnessed the open- 
ing of the Erie Cnnal, and the leaps of Sam Patch 
into the Genesee River. He attended the cofnraon 
schools in his boyhood, and when thirteen years of 
age enterc't the ollice of the Cortland Advocate as 

an apprentice, under Henry S. Randall, the noted 
author. He continued in that oflice until the fall 
of 1835, wlien he went to New York City, being 
a resident of the metropolis when the great fire 
broke out on the 16th of December, of that year, 
burning over forty-five acres of ground, and de- 
stroying §20,000,000 of property. The following 
summer he spent in New Haven, Conn., working as 
a journeyman printer. In the fall of that year he 
returned to New York City, and from there went 
to Hudson, Ohio, to take charge of a paper. We 
afterward find him in Cleveland, and subsequently 
in Detroit, Mich., where he arrived in time to wit- 
ness something of the excitement caused by the 
Patriot War in Canada, and where he first met Gen. 
Scott. He returned to New York State in 1838, 
and went to Albany, where lie i as employed on 
State printing. From 1838 until 1847 he made 
that city his home, although he spent considerable 
time in the interval in traveling and working at his 
trade in other cities and States. 

Col. Granger went to South Corolinaon a special 
service, and while there was employed on the 
Charleston Courier, and made a firm friend of one 
of the publisliers. Returning to New York he 
worked at his trade in Albany, on the State work, 
until the spring of 1847, when he set out for the 
Great West. He passed through Chicago, and 
traversed Wisconsin and Minnesota, and visited St. 
Anthony's Falls. From there he went down the 
Mississippi to St. Louis, where he secured employ- 
ment in the office of the Missouri liepublican, re- 
maining on that force through the winter of 
1847-48, duiing which time he met an old ac- 
quaintance from Albany, James V. Jones, a son of 
Nathaniel Jones, a prominent politician of the 
Empire State, with whom, after a few d.ays confer- 
ence, he set out for Ft. Des Moines, Iowa. They 
traveled by boat to Keokuk, and from there by 
stage to Fairfield, where they hired a horse and 
buggy and drove to their destination, reaching the 
fort in August, 1848. They were not altogether 
suited with the prospects at Des Moines, and deter- 
mined to seek another location, but on leaving the 
fort the road which they took led them past the 
site of the Colonel's present suburban residence, 
where such a magnificent view of Des Moines Val- 



ley met their gaze that they were charmed, and at 
once changing tlieir dt'terniination decided to re- 
main. Col. Granger selected the tract where they 
stood as the site of his future residence, while Mr. 
Jones chose the place where B. F. Allen after- 
ward erected his mansion. Having settled this 
important matter, these gentlemen returned to the 
fort and establislied themselves in the real-estate 
and land-warrant business, then the most impor- 
tant and promising field of operations. Having a 
strong credit they succeeded in negotiating a loan 
of $5,000, and entered into business. 

Col. Granger having studied law previous to 
coming to Iowa, was admitted to the bar in 1848, 
and oi)ened a law office in connection with his real- 
estate business. In June, 18-40, he established the 
Iowa Star, a Democratic weekly paper, a seven- 
column folio, which was the first newspaper of 
Polk County. He continued its pu'ilication for 
about a year, and then sold out, as he found it 
more profitable to devote his attention to his law 
and real-estate business than to journalism. 

On the 7th of October, 1856, Col. Granger and 
Mrs. Lncinda L. Rush were united in the holy 
bonds of matrimony, by the Right Rev. Dr. Drake. 
The lady was the widow of John W. Rush, and a 
daughter of Daniel and Abbie (Van Schaick) Pow- 
ers, who were originally from Pennsylvania, but 
removed to Ohio, and from that State to Indiana. 
Mrs. Granger was born in Montgomery County, 
Ind.. on the 12th of March, 4825, and came to Des- 
Moines in 1840 witli her first husband, who died 
two yenrs later. At the time of his marriage Col. 
Granger Iniilt his present commodious and elegant 
residence, which is situated to the southward of 
Des Moines,on a picturesque bluff which commands 
an extensive view of the cit}', the river and valley. 
There is nothing in the vicinity of Des Moines to 
equal the beautiful and varied scenes spread out to 
the view from the Colonel's grounds. The broad 
sweep of river and valle}-, and the beautiful capi- 
tal city of fifty thousand inhabitants meets the eye, 
while the busy hum of a thousand useful industries 
salutes the ear with its suggestions of enterprise, 
thrift and comfort. Within the brief space of 
forty-one years this magnificent city has grown to 

such dimensions that it stands without a rival in 
the State. 

Foremost among those who have aided in the 
growth and development of Des Moines stands Col. 
Granger, alwa^'S earnestly solicitous for the success 
of every projected improvement, and active in 
support of every enterprise and industry in the 
early days of the town, until the size and impor- 
tance of the city attracted capital and assured suc- 
cess. When it was i)roposed to locate the capital 
here, no man exerted more influence or worked 
hard'er to secure that desired end than the Colonel, 
and at this writing no one is more proud of the 
beautiful capital city or more hopeful for her fu- 
ture than he. 

Col. Granger is a Democrat, but independent 
and original in his political views. The title of 
Colonel was received from his service on the staff 
of Gov. Hempstead from 1850 to 1854. He was 
elected Prosecuting Attorney of Polk County with- 
out opposition, in 1854, and ex-officio was County 
Judge. In 4 855 he served as Blayor of Des Jloines, 
and since then has twice been Mayor of .Sevastapol. 
Col. Granger, while a lawyer by profession, prides 
himself more upon being a farmer and stock- 
grower. He a stock farm in Guthrie County, 
one in Adair, and one in Polk County adjoining 
the city of Des Moines, aggregating in all about 
eight hundred acres. In his home the Colonel is 
seen at his best. Devoted to his family and gen- 
erous in his hospitality, he is an entertaining host, 
possessing a rich fund of anecdote, and an intimate 
knowledge of public men and current events. His 
rcminisences of pioneer celebrities, and the early 
history of Iowa, constitute an enjoyable treat to 
his guests and friends. As neighbor and citizen, 
he is held in high esteem for his integrity of char- 
acter, independence of thought and action, .ind 
ircnial, social manner. 

LIVER E. PEARSON, photographei. of Des- 
Moines, is without a superior in his art in 
Iowa. His studio is located on the corner of 
East Sixth and Locust Streets, v^here he has a large 



and constantly increasing business, such as could 
onl}' be secured by taste and genius. 

Mr. Pearson was born in Washington Township, 
Polk County, on the Hth of June, 1857, and is a 
son of Abel and Matilda (Wise) Pearson, both of 
whom were natives of Greeacaslle, Inil. The 
family located in this county about the year 1850, 
being among its earliest settlers. Here the father 
followed farming until 1876, when he removed to 
the city" and served in the official capacity of jailor 
for four years. The three succeeding years of his 
life were then spent in the hotel business, when, in 
1883, he removed to Tappen, N. Dak., where he 
again assumed the occupation of farming. lie was 
regarded as one of the enterprising and useful citi- 
zens of Polk County, and his removal was greatly 
regretted by many warm friends. He had taken 
an active part in i)olitical matters, was an ardent 
supporter of the Republican party, and did all in 
his i)Ower to advance its interests. Both he and 
his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, and earnest laborers in the Master's vine- 
yard. Their family numbered four children : Jo- 
sephine, wife of David Pearson, a farmer of 
Hamilton County. Iowa; Oliver, of this sketch; 
Elsworth and Retta, who are living with their par- 
ents in North Dakota. 

(Jur subject received his primary education in 
tlie district schools of the neighborhood, but after- 
ward attended the Des Moines High School. His 
early life was spent in the usual manner of farmer 
lads, and though lie aided his father in the cultiva- 
tion of the land, it was his desire to follow some 
other pursuit. He early developed a taste for pbo- 
togra|)hy. and while a boy was always m.aking 
sketches, in which much talent was displa}cd. At 
length his father afiforded him the opportunity 
which he longed for, placing him in the studio of 
George W. Stiffler, who was then the leading pho- 
tographer of Des Moines. No time was idly S])ent 
by young Pearson, but with great activity and en- 
ergy he applied himself to the work and soon mas- 
tered tlie art. He lemained with Mr. Stittler for 
two years, during which time he made great prog- 
ress, and then branched out in business for himself. 
He iiail mode a careful study of his work, his in- 
structor being one of the ablest in tiie State, and tlie 

public from the first gave him a liberal patronage, 
which has constantly increased. He has success- 
fully contended with all competition, and by Ills 
indefatigable industry, skill and abilily, has won a 
place in the foremost rank of the photographers of 
the country. He opened his gallery on the corner 
of Sixth and Locust Streets in 1880, and the 
throngs which daily visit his studio in quest of bis 
services, testify' to the excellent success whicii lias 
rewarded his efforts. lie keeps abreast of the 
times and the latest improvements in tlie art, and 
does all kinds of pastel, India ink, crayon and 
photo work. He has won many medals, an<l in 
1888, to him was awarded the best medal for the 
finest art collection given by the Iowa Slate Agri- 
cultural Society. 

On the 18th of January, 1883, Mr. Pearson was 
united in marriage with Miss Susie Pierce, a native 
of Canada, aiul a daughter of Edward and Alice 
Pierce, who are now residing near Nevada, Iowa. 
Their union has been blessed with one child, a lit- 
tle daughter — Hazel. 

.Socially, Mr. Pearson is a member of the Knights 
of Pythias, Modern Woodmen of America and the 
Royal Arcanum. He is truly a self-made man. and 
all honor and respect liiui for the position to which 
he lias attained. 

OBER T A. PATCHIN, M. D., wlio is en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession at 

m\\ Des Moines, is a naliveof the Empire State, 
^j He was born in Livonia, Livingston 
County, on the 29th of Decemher, 18411, and is the 
son of Ira and Clara (Dixon) Patchin. Hoth fam- 
ilies were founded in America at a very early day 
and became prominently connected with the history 
of New England. The progenitor of the Patchin 
family, a native of Wales, left the old country and 
crossing the Atlantic, settled in Connecticut, from 
wiiencc his descendants removed to Pennsylvania 
and New York and Westward to other States. 
The name is now ?i)t>lled in two different ways, 
ending both in en and in. The Dixon family is also 
one of note and like the Patchin family furnished 



members to all the learned professions. The gvcat- 
graudf.ither of our subject was its founder in 
America. He was a native of tiie North of Ire- 
land, hut was of Scoteli descent and traces his 
orij,dn in an unbrolicn line liacli to the Duke of 

Ira Patcliin. fatiier of tlie Doctor, was born in 
Seneca County, N. Y, and is one of tlie well-ivnown 
educators of the Empire State. For some years he 
held the position of County Superintendent of 
schools of Livingston Count}-, and in connection 
wit!) Victor M. Rice, was maiidy instrumental in 
organizing the public school system of that State. 
He was connected with the firm of Farmer, Brace it 
Co., and later with Ivison, Finney & Co., in the 
pul)lication of school books and thereby amassed a 
large fortune. He is now living in Livonia, N. Y. 
witli his aged wife, they being seventj'-five and 
seventy-two years old respectively. He has also 
taken an active part in political affairs, supporting 
first the Wiiig. and then the Republican part}-. 
He entertains the religious views of the Methodists 
and his wife is a member of the Congregational 
Church. Their family numbered only two cliildren. 
Arthur, the elder, is now interested in the publish- 
ing business at Rochester, N. Y. 

As his father took such an interest in educational 
matters, the Doctor received liberal advantages in 
that direction. He displaj^ed a great aptitude for 
learning and his primary training in the public 
schools was supplemented by a course in the State 
Normal at Albany, from which he was graduated 
in 1866. In deciding upon a profession which he 
wished to make his life work, his choice fell upon 
that of medicine and in the office of C. U. Rich- 
mond he began his studies, which he later contin-' 
ued under the instruction of Prof. Thomas S. 
Rochester, and graduated from the Buffalo IVIedical 
College in 1870. To him was awarded the honor 
of valedictorian of his class. While pursuing his 
studies he acted as assistant to the chair of |)liysi- 
ology, and immediately after his graduation went to 
Perry, Wyoming County, N. Y., where he engaged 
in practice until 1875, when he came to Des Moines. 
During his residence in Perry, he served for six 
years as Coroner of the county. Under President 
Cleveland's administration he was the Republican 

member of the board of pension examiners, and is 
now medical referee of the Manhattan Life Insurance 
Company of New York. He is also chief surgeon 
for tiie Des Moines & Kansas Citj' Railroad Com- 
pany, the Des IMoines I'nion Railroad Company, 
and for the Des Moines Northern; is local surgeon 
for the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy, the Wabash 
& Western, and the Chicago & Northwestern Rail- 
road Companies. He is a member and formerly 
served as President of tlie County Medical Society 
and also belongs to the State Medical Society, the 
American Medical Association and the Association 
of Railroad Surgeons of the United States. He has 
twice held the office of City Physician. 

In 1880, Dr. Patehin was united in marriage 
with ]\Iiss Calista Halsey, the wedding being cele- 
brated in Ilallsville, Ohio. The lady is a native 
of New York State and a descendant of an old Eng- 
lish family. She is a graduate of the State Univer- 
sity of New York and is a lad}- t)f culture and 
refinement, recognized as the social equal of any. 
For a number of years slie was connected with the 
editorial staff of the Washington Post, and is the 
author of quite a popular book, entitled "Two of 
Us." In religious belief she is an Episcopalian. 
To the Doctor and his wife have been born three 
children, sons, Robert H., Ira H. and Pliilip H. 
The Doctor has made valuable contributions to the 
literature of his profession and is widely known as 
a skilled and able physician. He takes considerable 
interest in civic societies, belonging to the Masons, 
and the Knights of Pythias and in politics, Is a 
supporter of the Republican party. 


%EV. EDWARD P. BARTLETT, pastor of 
the East Des Moines Baptist Church, was 
1\ born in Oxford Township, Oxford County, 
Me., February 15, 1841, and is of English 
descent, the family having been founded in Amer- 
ica at an early day by English emigrants. The great- 
grandfather of our subject who lived in Holden, 
Mass., had a large family of sons, whom he staited 
out in life to battle for themselves at an early age. 
Daniel, the grandfather of our subject, and a 



brother were given an ax by their father, and a sort 
of scrip in wliich to carry their clotlies, l)y their 
mother. Thus equipped, they went to Oxford 
County, Me., and bought a three hundreil-acre 
tract of land at 81 per acre. Having felled some 
tiees and built a rude cabin, they went to the sea- 
shore to earn some money in a hay-fleld, and wiiile 
there Daniel Bartlett was married and returned 
with bis young bride to his rustic home in tlie midst 
of the forest. He became a prosperous farmer and 
reared a famil3' of seven children, only one of whom 
is now living — Mrs. Charlotte .Simonton, who has 
reached the ver}' remarkable age of one hundred 
and two years, and is still enjo3'ing a fair degree of 

The iiarents of tiie Rev. Mr. Bartlett were both 
natives of Maine. His fallier was born on June 20, 
1800, and his mother some seven years later. For 
many years, Mr. Bartlett was a deacon in the Bap- 
tist Church and both he and his wife were zealous 
workers for its advancement and upbuilding. They 
lived a quiet, j-et useful life on their farm in the 
Pine Tree State, where the husband died at the age 
of sixt3'-nine years, the wife in the liftictii year of 
her age. Of their family of eight children, two 
sons and one daughter are yet living. 

Our subject was the onl}' one of tiie family who 
followed a professional career. In hiy younger days 
he performed the usual duties of a farmer lad a)id 
when the crops were harvested and the summer 
work over, he was allowed to attend the district 
schools for about three months. The rapidity with 
which he mastered the branches there taught, led to 
a more advanced cduiation. When sixteen years 
of age he entered Hebron Acadoni}' to prepare for 
college, and for several years attended Waterville 
College, now Colby Univcrsitj-. After further pur- 
suing his studies one year in Rochester Ini versify, 
at Rochester, N. Y., he graduated from that in- 
stitution in the class of 1867, receiving the degree 
of A. B. The same year he went to Minnesota, 
where for six years he was employed as teacher in 
the public schools, when, haying decided to enter 
upon the work of the ministry, he became a studei.t 
in the Baptist Theological Seminar3' of Chicago, 
III., graduating in 1876. Not long afterwards, he 
accepted a call from the church in La Moillc, 111. 

For thirteen'eonseculive years he was pastor of that 
church and it was]with sincere regret on the part of 
the congregation that he resigned in 1887, to enter 
upon the work in Des Moines. 

In La Moille. on the 10th of June, 1876, Mr. 
Bartlett led to the marriage altar Miss Alida K. 
Fargo, a native of New York. Mrs. Bartlett, a lady 
of cultuie, is a graduate of Knox College, of fJalcs- 
burg, III. Their union has been blessed with two 
children — Jessie M. and Kate L. 

Mr. Bartlett devotes his entire time to the minis- 
try. He is an able orator, and by his warm-hearted 
and courteous manner, wins many friends. The 
church of which he is pastor was separated from the 
First Baptist Church of Des Moines, the organiza- 
tion being effected in 1871, the Rev. Granger Smith 
being its first minister. Four years later the first 
house of worship was erected on the corner of Des 
Moines Street and Pennsylvania Avenue, but since 
that time the congregation basso increased in num- 
bers that the accommodations are already too small, 
and probably before long East Des Moines will be 
beautified with a new church edifice. 

^'RANK E. CRUTTENDEN, M. I)., of Des 

the 20th of June, 1851, and is a son of 
Alexis H. and Matilda J. (Stephenson) Cruttenden. 
His father was born in Otsego County, N. Y., and 
was descended from an old Connecticut family. 
The mother was born near Richfield, Ohio, on the 
Western Reserve. Both parents are still living 
and are residents of Bath, Steuben County, N. Y. 
Our-subject was educated in the University of 
ISuffalo, N. Y., from which institution he graduated 
in the class of 1877. His literary and medical edu- 
cation being completed he then took a special course 
in the medical department in the New York Univer- 
sity, and attended the Belle vue Hospital and the 
NewYork p:ye and Ear Infirmary ,making a specialty 
of the diseases of the eye, ear and throat. After 
the completion of his course of study, he entered 
upon the practice of Ids profession in Steuben 
County. N. Y.. where he continued t u-. 

•Mrs, wnen 



he removed to Des Moiiics, reaching this city in 
December, 1879. Since time lie hns been en- 
gaged in active pr.ictice in Polk Count}', and is rec- 
ognized as one of the leading citizens. 

Dr. Cinltenden was married in Columbus, Wis., 
on the 16th of Miiy, 1882, the lady of iiis choice 
being Miss Ella Henderson, who was born near Oil 
City, Pa., and is a daughter of James Henderson. 

The}' have one child, a son, Alexis H., who was 
born on the 1st of September 188(). The Doctor 
and Mrs. Cruttenden are members of tiie Chri.slian 
Church, and in politics he lias been independent 
since 1884, but prior to tiiat lime was a Republi- 
can. He was the founder and is now the editor 
and publisiier of the lo^a iState 3Ipdical Reporter 
of Des Moines. He is a member of the New York 
Medical Society; of the Iowa Slate Medical 
Society; the Polk County Medical Society; is Lec- 
turer of Ophthamology at Ames College; and also 
professor of diseases of the throat of Iowa College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, the Medical Depart- 
ment of Drake University. The Doctor is a mesn- 
ber of the Masonic and Turner societies and is 
Master of Pioneer Lodge A. F. & A. M. He 
has already Ijuilt up a large and lucrative [irac- 
tice in Des Moines and has won a high reputa- 
tion for skill, especially in the treatment of 
all diseases of the eye. ear and throat. The 
loica State Medical Reporter under his able 
management has proved a valuable acquisition to 
the medical journalism of the Stale. 

-«»» — "J- •■■■■••^<:-v-#-;:- 

iS] a practicing physician of Des Moines, has 
^ — -^ the honor of being a native of this State. 

He vvas born on the 27th of December, 1846, in 
Cedar County, and is .n son of James 15. and Lucy 
(Walbridge) Lockwood. The family is of French 
origin, having been founded in America by the 
great grandfather of our subject who left his home 
in France and settled in the New York Colon}-. He 
served his adopted country in tiie struggle for in- 
deiieiKlence. His son. the grand father of ihe 

Doctor, was born in the Empire State, emigrated 
to Indiana, and about the year 1843, became a res- 
ident of Iowa, settling in Burlington. James 
Lockwood was born in Northern Indiana in 1824, 
and accompanied his parents to this .Slate. Hav- 
ing arrived at years of maturity he wedded Jliss 
Walbridge. who was born in Herkimer County, N. 
Y., in 182t), and also came with her parents to 
Iowa. Their marriage was celebrated in this State, 
and unto them were born foui' chihlren, one son 
and three daughters. The mother, who was a con- 
sistent member of the Methodist Episcopal Cluirch, 
died in 1876. Mr. Lockwood was again married and 
is now living at Anamosa, Iowa. He is a brick-mason 
and plasterer by trade and takes rank among the re- 
spected citizens of the community in which he 
makes his home. 

Dr. Lockwood has spent his entire life in his na- 
tive State and for the past three years has been en- 
g,'iged in active practice in the capital city. He 
received his early education in the district and 
graded schools, but not content with such advan- 
tages, by his own labor he secured the money nec- 
essary to defr.a}- his expenses and tuition and 
entered Iowa University. Later he became a 
student at Cornell College where he took an 
optional course. Teaching wag the means em ployed 
toward securing a collegiate drill and in that he 
was very successful. Having determined to make 
the practice of his profession his life work, he 
entered the office of Dr. L. J. Adair of Anamosa, 
Iowa, as a student, and in 1875, graduated from 
Rush Medical College of Chicago. He beo-an 
practice in Mechanicsville and after four years re- 
moved to Linn County, Iowa. His next field of 
operations was in Guthrie County, Kan. and while 
there located he held the position of surgeon for 
the Santr. Fe Railroad, and was a member of the 
board of pension examiners. As before slated he 
came to Des Moines in 1887, ,and has built up a 
good practice. He is health officer of University 
Place. In 1888 and 1889, he took two courses at 
Rush College, besides a private course in suro-ery, 
which he makes a special study, unwilling to be 
behind his profession in an}' particular. He is a 
member of the Iowa I'nioii Medical Association 
and ')f the American Jledical Association, and su- 



cially is a Royal Ai-ch Mason, a member of the 
Legion of Honor and the V. A. S. 

On the 1-ith of June, 1875, in Fairview, Iowa, 
Jlr. Lockwood was united in marriage with Cer- 
elda Merslion, a native of Newton, Iowa. Unto 
them have been boin five children — .Tames H., Leah, 
Luslc D.. Zetta and loyl. The Doctor, his wife and 
two eldest children are members of the Church of 
Christ. In [lolitics, he is a Republican, having 
supiwrted that party since attaining his majority. 
When he entered upon his business career iiis cash 
caiiital consisted of but fifteen cents, which amount 
he spent for stamiJS to write to his friends, but the 
piil)lic soon discovered that he was we^I fitted for 
the work he had chosen and gave him a liberal pat- 
ronage, lie has now been engaged in active prac- 
tice fifteen years and deserves the confidence and 
respect given him. 

ENRY A. TITUS, who is engaged in gen- 
eral farming and stock-raising, and who also 
devotes considerable attention to fruit grow- 
ing, lives on section 28,Bloomfleld Township. 
His farm comi>rises sixty acres of fine land under 
a high slate of cultivation and well improved, and 
his home is a most pleasant one. He raises an ex- 
cellent grade of stock, has erected a large barn, 
32x40 feet, which furnishes ample accommodations 
for his cattle and horses, and serves as a store- 
house for his hay and grain. In fact, all the neces- 
sary improvements may there be found, and the 
neatness and regularity which abounds at once 
gives evidence to the passer-by that the owner is a 
man of thrift and enterprise. 

Mr. Titus was born on the 24th of February, 
18.35, in A'ermont, and is a son of Lyman and Al- 
mira (Whcaton) Titus, who were also natives of 
the Green Mountain Stale. On the paternal side 
he traces his ancestry back to Ireland, while on the 
maternal side he is of Scotch descent, the family 
iiaving been founded in Connecticut at an early 
day by Scottish emigr.ants. The occupation of 
farming was the pursuit wliich Lyman Titus made 
his life work, he following tliat business unlil his 

death, which occurred in Vermont, January 24, 
1889, at the ripe old age of eighty-four years. His ' 
wife de|)arlcd this life several years previous, dy- 
ing on the 17th of May. 1875. Our subject was 
the eldest of their three children, his sisters being 
Julia M., who resides in Thetford, Vt., and Ellen, 
wife of William H. Burr, of the same city. 

Since the early age of nine years, Henry A. 
Titus has made his own wa\' in the world. His life 
is an example of what ma}' be accomplislied by in- 
dustry, enterprise and a determination to succeed. 
His first work was as an employe of his uni:le, with 
whom he remained three \'cars, when he began 
clerking in a hotel, where he continued until the 
fall of 185G. In the meantime his uncle had 
come to the West, and believing that it would 
be to his best advantage to follow the advice 
of Horace Greeley, Mr. Titus also emigrated to 
Iowa. His journey was made by rail to Ml. Pleas- 
ant, and thence by stage to Agency City, Wapello 
County, where be again acted .as salesmen for his 
uncle for about eighteen months. Later, he si)ent 
two years as a clerk in Ottumwa, Iowa, after which 
he determined to follow some other pursuit, and 
obtained a position as a traveling salesman for a 
nursery firm, with which he continued his connec- 
tion for seven 3-ears. Having in the meantime ac- 
quired some capital, he then made a iJurclKise of 
forty acres of land on section 28, Bloon.fiehl Town- 
ship, a part of his present farm. lie erected a 
shanty, in which he kept bachelor's hall for a time, 
carrying on the work of developing and improving 
his land. 

A marriage ceremonj' performed December .3, 
1872, united the destinies of Henry A. Tilus and 
Sarah A. Fuller, but after about four years of 
happy wedded life the lady was called to her last 
rest. Her death occurred on the 10th of ."March, 
1875, and her remains were interred in Woodland 
Cemetery, Des Moines. Mr. Titus was again mar- 
ried, January 24, 1877, tiie lady of his choice being 
Miss Lorilla Babcock, daughter of .loscph and 
Mary (Cole) Babcock, the former a native of 
Rhode Island, of Holland descent, the latter of 
Pennsylvania, born of German parentage. Mr. 
Babcock followed the occupation of farming in 
Erie County, Pa., until 1852. when he went to 



California to engage in mining. His operations in 
that line were very successful, and for a pe- 
riod of twelve years lie remained on the Pacific 
Slope accumulating considerable wealth, hut he 
was never again seen by bis family. The last 
word that ever reached them, was a letter which 
he had written saying that he would return to his 
home in about three weeks. The supposition was 
that on the return journey he was murdered for 
his wealth, but the manner of his death will ever 
remain a mystery. Mrs. Baljcock is still living and 
makes her home with her daughter, Mrs. Ann 
Eliza Eaton, of Des Moines, who was her only 
child, with the exception of Mrs. Titus. Mr. and 
Mrs. Titus have two ehildi en— William H. and 
Julia A., who are still with their parents. 

For a quarter of a century Mr. Tittis has been a 
member of the Masonic fraternity, and since at- 
taining his majority has supported tlie principles 
of the Republican party. He held the office of As- 
sessor for one term, and was Road Supervisor for 
a number of years. He came to the county iluring 
the days of its early infancy, and has witnessed al- 
most its entire growth. He has seen the intro- 
duction of factories, manufacturing establishments, 
large business industries, the railroad, the telegraph 
and telephone, and many other enterprises which 
have done much for the upbuilding of the county. 
There was only one hotel in the city when Mr. 
Titus arrived, that being a wooden structure con- 
taining forty rooms, but so great was the influx of 
emigrants shortly afterward tliat during the sec- 
ond year, when Mr. Titus filled the office of clerk, 
the profits were ^1G,000. 

"■"'^^'^ ' W--^''if^^^ — ^ ' ' '^'-^ 

/p^EN. G. W. CLARK, a prominent citizen of 
(l( (— Des Moines, who is now sojourning tempor- 
^^1^ arily in Washington, D. C, was born on one 
of the pioneer farms made in the forests of Central 
Indiana, now in Johnson County, on the 26th day 
of December, 1823. His father was one of the early 
settlers of that community, having emigrated to 
the Hoosier State, in 1820, from Kentucky. 

The early life of oar subject passed unevent- 

fully, his time being spent in the performance of 
such duties as fall to the lot of farmer lads and in 
attendance at the district schools, but later he pur- 
sued a course of study in Wabash College. The 
law appeared attractive to his eyes as a means of 
gaining a livelihood, and to fit himself for the 
practice of that profession he entered the office of 
Robert Walpole, of Indianapolis, who remained his 
preceptor until Gen Clark established business for 
himself in Indianola, Iowa, in 1856. He achieved 
prominence and success in his chosen work, and at 
the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1861, was 
holding the otHce of State's Attorney. He had 
watched the progress of events in the South with 
interest, and when it was seen that blood must flow 
ere the rebellious States would submit to the gen- 
eral Government, he resolved to strike a blow in 
defense of freedom, and volunteered at the first 
call for troops, becoming a member of the Third 
Iowa Infantry, being commissioned First Lieuten- 
ant of Company G. After the battle of Shiloh, 
where he displayed great coolness and courage, he 
was commissioned Colonel of the Thirty-fourth 
Iowa Regiment, of which he remained in charge 
until near the close of the war, and won honorable 
distinction as a brave and successful commander. 
Before the war closed, however, he was brevetted 
Brigadier-General, in recognition of his gallant 
services, and as such led his m:n to victory. 
When the South had surrendered and peace was de- 
clared he returned to Iowa, where he has since 
made his home. 

In 1867, Gen. Clark was appointed, by President 
Grant, as United States Marshal for Iowa, and 
while engaged in the discharge of the duties of 
that office made his home in Des Moines. For 
many years he was closely identified with the en- 
terprise, growth and prosperity of this city and the 
State, which he yet claims as his home and- where 
he expects to permanently reside, although he is 
now living in Washington, D. C, that he may bet- 
ter attend to the discharge of his duties in the 
legal department of the general land office. He 
has spent several years in traveling through the 
countries of Europe and is a polished and cultured 
gentleman, entertaining in manner, genial in dis- 
posiiion, winning the friendship of all with whom 




he comes iu contact. In 1880. Gen. Clark was 
uniterl in marriage with Miss .Sara Robinson, of 
Iowa City, and unto them liave been boni three 
cliihlrcn — Editli, Cliffonl and Eleanor. 

iDWIN RliTHVEN CLAPP, general live- 
Ir^ stock agent of the Chicago & Rock Island 
jL^ Railway Compan}% is numbered among the 
pioneers of Iowa, of 1837, and ranks among the 
most prominent citizens of Des Moines. He was 
born in the town of Cazenovia, Madison County, 
N. Y., ]M;iy 30, 1827, and is a son of John and 
Lucy (Hanson) Clapp, both of whom were natives 
of Deerfield, Mass., descended from old New Eng- 
land families. The Clapp family is of Scottish 
origin, Edwin E. Clapp, the great grandfather of 
our subject, was the original American ancestor. 
John Clapp was enthusiastic in his devotion to the 
land of his ancestors as the names given his four 
children will suggest. The eldest was William 
Wallace, the second Edwin Ruthven; the third 
Helen Marr and the yonngest Robert Bruce. The 
second is the only one now living. John Clapp re- 
moved from Deerlield to Madison County, N. Y., 
al)out 1825, and a few years later became a resident 
of Kirtland, Ohio, whence the family came to 
Iowa by team in 1 837, settling at what is now 
Mt. Pleasant, Henry County, then a little hamlet 
containing a few log hut;. 

The youtl) and earl}' manhood of our subject 
were spent amid the scenes of pioneer life. He 
received no school privileges during his boyhood 
days, as there were no schools in the community, 
but his parents taught him at home and, when near- 
ing man's estate, lie spent two winter terms in 
Prof. Howe's Academj', at Mt. Pleasant, an insti- 
tution of learning which was famous throughout 
the State for its superior management and high 
standing. Many of the most successful and prom- 
inent men of Iowa received instruction under 
Prof. Ilowe, the peer of any educator of his day 
or since. 

Mr. Clapp took an active part in improving his 
father's farni and making a home for the family, 

breaking prairie, splitting rails, driving ox-teams, 
or doing any sort of labor that fell to his lot. In 
1846 he came to Kt. Des Moines and engaged as 
clerk with his brother William W.. who was one of 
the earliest merchants of this city. After spending 
about a year as a salesman he went to Wisconsin, 
where a few months were passed in the lead mines 
of Plattsburg. After returning to Des Moines, he 
worked at an,y jiursuit whereby he migbt earn an 
honest dollar until the spring of 1849, when he 
engaged in farming north of Des Jloines. 

Mr. Clapp wa? married in Washington Count}-, 
Iowa, on the 4th of April of the year last named, 
to Miss Emily J. Boughton, who was born in Che- 
nango County, N. Y., and came to Iowa with her 
parents duriug the early settlement of the State. 
Five children were born of their union, two sons 
and three daughters: Helen, the eldest, became the 
wife of Milton Forster, and died in 1878; Ella is 
tlie wife of W. L. White of Sioux City, Iowa; Ida 
married L. C. Smith, a resident of North Des 
Moines; Edwin B. died at the age of five years; 
and John W. at the age of twenty-four years. The 
death of the mother occurred on the 25th of March, 
1869, and Mr. Clapp was again married, April 20„ 
1871, his second union being with Mrs. Sarah A. 
Mills, widow of Col. N. W. Mills, and a d.'iuglitcr 
of Gen. P. A. Ilackleman. Her husband and 
father both fell in the battle of Corintli on the 4tli 
of October, 1862. Col. Mills had just been pro- 
moted to the command of the Second Iowa Infantry, 
of wliicli he Lieutenant Colonel when it made 
the famous charge at the capture of Fort Donelson. 
Mrs. Clapp was born in Franklin County, Ind., and 
came to Des Moines with lier husband in Decembei-, 
1856. She two children by her forniei mar- 
,-i;ioc — P. J. Mills, who wedded Miss May Easton, 
and is |)roprictor of the White Line Transfer Com- 
pany, of Des Moines; and Minnie, wife of II. A. 
Elliott, Assistant Secretary of the State Insurance 
Company of this city. There were two children, 
daughters, born of the second marriage — Bertha A. 
and Nellie. The latter died at the age of two and 
a half years. 

Mr. Clapp engfiged in farming until 1851, when 
he removed to the city, where he has since resided. 
He at lirst accepted any employment whereby he 



might earn a livelihood for himself and family', and 
for a time engaged in freighting between Des 
Moines and Keokuk with ox-teams. In 1853, he 
stored the Qrst ice ever put up in Des Moines for 
market, and continued that business until 1858. 
As he accumulated capital he invested it judiciously 
in city real estate, and in tiiat way added to the 
competence which he was now acquiring. In 1860 
he bought a farm in Walnut Township and en- 
gaged extensivel}' in farming and stock dealing, 
which led to his becoming agent for the Chicago 
& Rock Island Railroad Compan_y in 1867. The 
following year he sold his farm to Martin Fl.ynn, 
who still resides there, since which time he has de- 
voted his entire attention to the business of the 
railroad company. He has entire management of 
the work in his department of the lines of the road 
between the Mississippi and Missouri Rivers, cov- 
ering about seven hundred miles. In 1871 Mr. 
Clapp built a fine block on the southwest corner of 
West Fifth and Walnut Streets, which was burned 
down January 11, 1883. lie rebuilt the same year 
on a more improved plan, having the finest busi- 
ness block in the citf, until the recent erection of 
the building of the Iowa Loan and Trust Company. 
He put up the first passenger elevator ever erected 
in Des Moines and in manj' other ways has added 
greatly to the upbuilding of the city. In the fall 
of 1856, he erected a residence on the site of his 
present home, where he has three-fourths of an acre 
(if land and in 1878 transformed it into the elegant 
and commodious mansion which is now his home. 
In 1887, accompanied by his wife and daughter, 
Bertha, Mr. Ciai)p made a tour of Europe. Leaving 
Des Moines on the 28th of March, of that j-ear, 
they were absent until the 1st of October, follow- 
ing, during which time they visited the points of 
greatest interest in England, Ireland, Scotland, 
France, Italy, Austria, Germany, Holland and Bel- 
gium. Mrs. Clapp is a memlier of the First Meth- 
odist Episcop^il Church. Socially, Blr. Clapp is a 
Master Mason. In August, 1889, he was elected 
President of the Old Settlers' Society and now fills 
that position. 

We cannot close this sketch without a few words 
in regard to the characteristics of our subject. K. 
R. Clapp is widely known thionghoul Iowa as a 

man of superior business capacity, indomitable 
energy and good executive ability. He is most 
affable and genial in disposition, with a keen appre- 
ciation of a good jest. He tells jokes upon him- 
self as readily as on others, and gives and takes 
with impartiality. His private enterprises and un- 
dertakings have been conducted with such sagacity 
and forethought that he has acquired a valuable 
jiroperty and is classed among the successful men 
of Des Moines. In his relations with the Rock 
Island road, the prompt and judicious manner in 
which he has discharged the important duties de- 
volving upon him has won him the confidence of 
the officers of the company and secured his reten- 
tion in the position he holds, for twenty-three con- 
secutive years. 

In closing this sketch we wish to mention more 
fully the familj' of our subject. His brother,Will- 
iam Wallace Clapp, was born in Deerfield, Mass., 
in 1820, came to Iowa with his parents in 1837, and 
in the fall of 1845 settled in Raccoon Forks, now 
Des Moines, where he opened a general store. He 
was one of the pioneer merchants of the city and 
was known as an enterprising, ujiright business 
man. In 1851, he went to California during the 
gold excitement, and was a resident of that State 
until his death which occurred in 1857. The par- 
ents of the Clapp brothers both died in Iowa, the 
father in Mt. Pleasant in 1837, the mother in Des 
JMoines in 1879. A portrait of Edwin R. Clap)) is 
found u[>on .-vnother page. 

OHN W. H. VEST, M. D., of Des Moines, 
was born in Buckingham County, Va., Mny 
22, 1822, and is a son of John and Elizabeth 
(Price) Vest. His ancestors on his father's 
side were of mixed origin, being of Scotch, Welsh, 
.ind French descent, while his mother, who was a 
native of Virginia, was born of German parentage. 
John Vest, Sr., was a farmer by occupaiion, and re- 
moved in 1833, from Virginia to Highland County, 
Ohio. He died in Scott County, Iowa, at the age 
of eighty-six years. His wife departed this life at 
Ihe age of eighty-three years. Their family con- 



sisted of six children, of whom four are living, 
three sons and a daughter: Rainey C, wedded 
Mar}' E. McKinney, and lives near Stone Lake, 
Iowa; Peter McAfee is married and lives in Jeffer- 
son, Green County, Iowa. The daughter, Mrs. 
Catherine Watts, a widow now seventy-nine years 
of age, resides in Highland County, Ohio; Mrs. 
Martlia P. Wear died at Hastings, Neb. The sixth 
died in infancy. 

John W. IL \'est is the third son of the family. 
He was reared on a farm, and received his medical 
education in Starling Medical College of Columbus, 
Ohio, and at the Jefferson Medical College of Phila- 
delphia. He graduated from the former institution 
in the Class of '56, and received his degree from the 
latter in 1865. He began his medical studies in 
1845, and, having noti ing to depend upon except 
his own unaided ( fforts, had to work his way through 
college. He began piactice in Newmarket, Ohio, 
and in 1856 came to Iowa, where he has since re- 
sided. On his arrival in (his State, he established 
himself in practice in Montezuma, Poweshiek 
County, where he was living when in August, 1862, 
he was commissioned sui-geon of the Twenty-eighth 
Iowa Infantry. He served until December 4, 1864, 
and was with the Thirteenth and Seventeenth Army 
Corps combined, participating in theseigeand cap- 
ture of Vicksburg, the battle of Champion Hills, 
and many others. On his return from the war, he 
took a course of lectures in Jefferson Medical Col- 
lege of Philadelphia, graduating from the same in 
the Class of '65. On receiving his degree, he re- 
sumed practice in Montgomery', where he remained 
until October 15, 1837, during which time he suc- 
ceeded in procuring a large and lucrative business. 
His professional rides carried him into six counties, 
and the work becoming too arduous for him, he 
having become somewhat advanced in j'ears, he 
removed to Des Moines with the expectation of re- 
tiring from active practice. This he has not been 
able to do, however, but still does considerable 
office practice, which comes to him through his 
well earned reputation for skill in specialties. 

Dr. Vest was married in liussellville, Liown 
County, Oliio, December 23, 1854, to Miss Mar- 
garet Phil)hs, who was born in Adams County, 
Ohio, April 3, 1831. They became parents of six 

children, three sons and three daughters: Mary E., 
the eldest, became the wife of John McDonald, and 
died on the 14th of May, 1874; Martha is the wife 
of L. W. Wilson, of Topcka, Kan.; Johr. W. m:.r- 
ried Mary Johnson, and is engaged in farming in 
Poweshiek County, Iowa; William E. is a i)hysi- 
cian; he was graduated from the Keokuk Medical 
College, and later from Jefferson Medical College 
at Philadelphia, and Is now successfully engaged in 
practice in Montgomery, Iowa, where he has gained 
great popularity. His wife was formerly Miss Alice 
Wood. Fred E. has also twice graduated. First 
from the medical department of the State Univer- 
sity at Iowa City, and later from the Jefferson 
Medical College of Philadelphia. He is now in 
partnership with his brother in Montezuma, where 
both are recognized as skillful and thoroughly edu- 
cated physicians, and enjoy a large and lucrative 
practice. The junior member wedded Miss Addie 
Stevenson. Myrtie, the }-oungest child of the fam- 
ily, died in infancy. 

Dr. A'ost is a radical Kepublican in politics, and 
belongs to several civic societies, including the 
Grangers, the Odd Fellows and the Masons. He is 
a member of the countj- Medical Society, and is 
distinguished in the profession for hi-; <kill in his 
advertised specialties. 


R. ALONZO RAWSON, who U,v twenty- 
three years was a leading dentist of Des 
Moines, but now living a retired life, is a 
native of New Hampshire. He was born 
In East Alstead, Cheshire County, on the 2d of 
April, 18:'l.and is a son of Jonathan and Eliza- 
beth (l'"lint) Rawson, who were also natives of New 
Hampshire. The IJawson family of which our sub- 
ject is a descendant, was founded in AniL-rica by 
Edward Rawson, who was born in Gillingham, Dor- 
setshire, England, Apiil 16, 1615, married Jliss 
Rachel Perne, and emigrated to this eonntr}' in 
1636. He joined the Colony of Massachusetts Bay, 
and .settled in the town of Newbury. He was a 
man of suiierior ability and great force of charae- 



ter, and took prominence among the early colo- 
nists. In 1647 and 1648, he represented Newliury 
in tiie rieneral Council, and was the recipient of a 
grant of five hundred acres of land from the (iov- 
ernment for services rendered the commonwealth. 
He was appointed secretary of the Colonj' of Massa- 
chusetts, .and acting in his official capacity, signed 
the warrants issued and sent b}- Charles the Sec- 
ond, of England, to America, for the arrest of the 
Regicides. He was the author of several books, 
and was a very strict Presb3terian in religious 

Of his family, which was quite a large one, the 
eighth chilli, Rebecca, who is said to have been a 
lieautiful and accomplished woman, had a sad and 
romantic histor}'. She married a sn|)posed ne])hew 
of Chief Justice Ilale, of England, and accomi)aniecl 
him to the old country, onl}- to be deserted by her 
husband, who proved to have been already married. 
She then started to return to her home, but the ship 
on which she embarked, while l.ving at anchor in 
Port Roj'al, was engulfed by the great earthquake 
of .June 7, 1692, and she, with all on board, was 

Edward Rawson died August 27, 1693, as shown 
by the record in the family IJible, which is now 
more than two hundred years old, and is still in 
possession of the family. 

The subject of this sketch. Dr. Alonzo Rawson, 
received an academic education, and at the age of 
eighteen years, began teaching sehooL which voca- 
tion he pursued until of age, when in ISIarch, 1852, 
he started out to seek his fortune. Traveling on 
foot, he reached Cleveland, Ohio, where he spent 
the summer, and in the following fall pushed on to 
Western Illinois, stopping at Moline, where he 
helped his uncle, the Hon. S. W. Wheelock, to start 
the first paper factory on the Mississippi River. 
Crossing into Iowa on horseback, he penetrated 
the countrj- .as far as Cedar Rapids, remaining a 
couple of days with some squatters, then the only 
occup.ants of is now the thriving city of Wat- 
erloo. At the end of two weeks he reU-aced his 
steps to Moline and returned his borrowed steed to 
its owner. Not long after that time, young Raw- 
son went to Cleveland, Ohio, where he studied den- 
tistry, but in the winter of 1853, we again find him 

en route for the West, his destination being [Des 
Moines. During that trip he entered a tract of 
four hundred acres of land near Monroe, Jasper 
County, which in 1857, he traded for his present 
homestead in Des Moines. Again after a sliort sea- 
son spent in this city, he returned to Ohio, and en- 
giiged in the practice of dentistry. 

In Richfield, that State, on the lOth of October, 
1855, Mr. Rawson married Miss Lucy Amelia Bliss 
Rawson, daughter of Dr. Secretary and Lucy (Han- 
cock) Rawson. Her father is a lineal descendant 
of Edward Rawson before mentioned, and was born 
October 18, 1796, in Salem, Mass. He was twice 
married, first in the Bay State, in May, 1820, to 
JMiss Clara Crossett, bv whom he had one daugh- 
ter, Clara H., now Mrs. Firmin, of Ohio. In 1823 
he removed to Summit County, Ohio, and estab- 
lished himself in practice at Richfield. Having lost 
his first wife, he was again married June 19, 1824, 
the lady of his choice being Miss Hancock, a lineal 
descendant of John Hancock, tlie first signer of the 
Declaration of Independence. Three children were 
born of the latter union: Elizabeth C. A., who died 
at the a^e of fifteen years; Lucy A. B., who is now 
the wife of Dr. A. Rawson; and Sarah A. B., now 
Mrs. McNeil, of Tiffin, Ohio. The mother died in 
Des Moines, in August, 1884, at the age of eightj'- 
fivc years, but the father is still living in his ninety- 
fourth j'ear, and resides with his daughter Lucy. 
Dr. Secretary Rawson was engaged in the actire 
practice of his profession for fifty-five ye.ars, and 
enjoys the remarkable experience of having lived 
under the administration of every President of the 
United States, from George Washington to Benja- 
min Harrison, inclusive. In early life he a 
Whig, and later helped to organize the Republican 
parly in Ohio. He is well preserved physically and 
mentally, and still takes a warm interest in politics. 

Dr. Rawson, the subject of this sketch, pursued 
tlio practice of dentistry in Cleveland, Ohio, until 
the summer of 1860, when he came to Iowa, and 
embarked in practice in Des Moines. He was the 
second dentist in the city, and is now the oldest 
resident representative of his profession here. He 
continued in active and successful practice until 
1883, covering a period of twent^'-threc years, when 
he retired. Since his arrival, his home has been on 



llie site of bis present residence. When he first set- 
tled there he iiad to find his \va_y down town b}' the 
cow [Kiths, and tlie Indians were so niinieroiis and 
intrusive, tiiat Mrs. liawson was afraid to he left 
alone in her new home. The Doctor ami his wife 
have two cliildren: ihe daughter, Nellie, who was 
born Sei)teniber 11, 1861, is the wife of Prof. R. [I. 
Miller, and both are emplo3'ed as teachers in the In- 
stitute of Technology of Boston, Mass.; the son, 
Alonzo Rawson, Jr., v\ ho was born November 18, 
1804, is a practicing attorney of Whatcome, Wash., 
and is the owner of a quarter-section of fine timber 
land. Both children were educated in the State 
University, the son graduating from both collegiate 
and law departments, while the daughter was grad- 
uated from the collegiate department, and from the 
school in which she is now a teacher. No expense 
or pains was spared i;i making them accotnpUshed 
and cultured people. 

In 1864, Dr. Rawson purcliascd a farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres, situated in Valley' Town- 
ship, at 810.50 per acre. The farm almost adjoins 
the suburbs of Des Moines, and in consequence has 
become quite valuable, and if the contemplated col- 
lege is built where it is proposed, the price of the 
land will rise much higher. Dr. Rawson is Repub- 
lican in politics, but though often solicited to be- 
come a candidate for otHce. would never consent. 
He is a plain, unassuming man of broad and liberal 
views, genial and kindly in manner, and holds his 
word as sacred as his bond. He is public-spirited 
and liberal in supi)ort of public improvements and 
local enterprises, and has labored long and earnestly 
to secure the location of a college in Des Moines, 
knowing that it will greatly beneSt the city. 

r/OHN B. IIATTON, M. D.. one of the lead- 
ing practitioners of Des Moines, and a faith- 
ful soldier of the late war, is now the junior 
/ partner in the firm of Ward & Hatlon. His 
early life was spent amidst wild and exciting scenes. 
He was born in a camp among the Indians in Mon- 
roe County, Mo., July 7, 1839, and his boyhood 
days were spent as a pioneer of Iowa. His parents 

were John B. and Catherine C. (Abbott) llatton, 
the former a native of Mason County, Ivy., the lat- 
ter of East Tennessee. In their childlujod days 
both became residents of Monroe County, Mo., 
where they were married and began their domestic 
life. The husband was a carpenter, and followed 
that business in Missouri until December, 184(3, 
when accompanied by his family he removed to 
Appanoose County, Iowa. Both parents died in 
this State, the father at the age of seyenty-thrce 
years, the mother when seventy years of age. They 
were numbered among the faithful members of the 
Christian Church, and in politics Mr. Hatlon first 
supported the Whig party, and afterward became a 
Republican. He was an enthusiastic admirer of 
Henry Clay, and was a warm advocate of the prin- 
ciples originated by that statesman. 

Our subject is the only one now living in a fam- 
ily of thirteen children, six sons and seven daugh- 
ters, and upon him therefore devolves the duty 
of perpetuating their history. Three of his broth- 
ers became physicians, having inherited a taste for 
that profession from their mother, who was a wo- 
man of remarkable intellectual force and industry, 
and was a practical physician. George W. was a 
distinguished practitioner of Pleasant Mew, Iowa; 
Joseph W. engaged in practice in Klliott, Iowa; 
and the youngest sister, Elizabeth, became the wife 
of Dr. Daniel Payton, of Oakland, Cal. 

John B. Hatton, whose name heads this sketch, 
was reared on the frontier, and early inured to the 
hardships and trials incident to pioneer life. He 
was educated by his mother until seventeen years 
of age, when he entered a subscri|)tion school, hav- 
ing earned the money wherewith to [lay his ex- 
penses. At the age of twenty-two years he began 
pieparing himself for his life work, under the in- 
struction of his brother, George AV., and in the 
winter of 1859-60, ho pursued a course of lectures 
at the College of Physicians and Surgeons, of Keo- 
kuk, Iowa. In the meantime the country was bo- 
coming involved in a serious trouble which resulted 
in war, and August, 15, 1HG2, feeling it his duty 
to aid the Government, he enlisted as a member of 
Company E, Thirty-fourth Iowa Infantry. After 
serving six months as Second Lieutenant, he 
transferred to tlie medical department and coiumis- 



sioned Assistant Surgeon, however continuing with 
tlie same regiment. His superior officer resigning, 
by a vote of the regiment he was elected to fill the 
vacancy, and commissioned b3' Gov. Kirkwood, 
after which the commission was sent to CoL. Clark, 
but as Mr. Hatton had not yet held the offlcc of 
First Assistant, he reversed the commission and 
recommended him for that position. The Doctor 
then offered his resignation, but the Colonel would 
not accept it, and instead made him Captain of his 
old companj-. which he commanded until the close of 
the war. He participated in many of the most im- 
portant engagements, including the l)attles at Vicks- 
burg, Arkansas Post, the Red River Expedition, 
the capture of Ft. Gaines and Ft. Morgan, and the 
siege and capture of Spanish Fort. He remained in 
the army until the close of the war, and during his 
entire service he was never wounded nor taken 

Dr. Hatton received his discharge at the mouth 
of the White River, in Arkansas, and immediately 
thereafter returned to the North, locating in tiie 
village of New York, Waj'ne Count}', Iowa, where 
for three years he engaged in the practice of medi- 
cine, when be removed to Russell, Lucas County. 
Wishing to keep abreast of the times !ie after- 
ward attended lectuies at the College of Physicians 
and Surgeons, at Keokuk, Iowa, from which he was 
graduated in 1 871, when, in May, of the same year, 
ho located in Red Oak, Montgomery Count}', where 
he remained until December, 1889. He had an ex- 
cellent practice in Red Oak, and was fast accumu- 
lating a competency, but wishing to have access to 
the spletidid schools of this city, he located in Des 
Moines, at the same time forming a partnership 
with Dr. W. H. II. Ward, the eldest resident prac- 
titioner of the count}'. 

On the 21st of January, 1880, Dr. Hatton was 
joined in wedlock with Miss Anna M. Matthews, a 
native of Ohio, who came with her family to Des 
Moines. They now have two children, sons — John 
M. and Raymond. The Doctor is an active worker 
and consistent member of the Christian Church, 
while his wife is a communicant of the Presbyte- 
rian Cluirch. In his political views he is a Demo- 
crat, and by President Cleveland vvas appointed 
Secret.': -.v of the Board of Pension Examiners of 

Red Oak. He is connected with two civic societies, 
the Knights Templar Masons and Knights of Pyth- 
ias, and by his l^rethren of the lodge is highly 
esteemed. During the twenty-seven years with 
which he has been connected with the medical pro- 
fession he has enjoyed a liberal and lucrative prac- 
tice, and has worked his way upward to a prominent 
position in the front ranks. He proved himself 
a loyal and faithful soldier during the late war, and 
is regarded as one of the enterjjrising and valued 
citizens of Polk County. Although his residence 
in this community has been of short duration he 
has succeeded in establishing a large and profitable 


THOMAS BOYD, of Des Moines, is num- 
bered among the pioneers of Polk County 
of 1 850, and as such well deserves mention 
in this volume. He has always borne his part in 
the upbuilding of the county, its growth and ad- 
vancement and to the early settlers Polk County 
owes much of her present prosperity. 

Mr. Bo}d was born in Fayette County, Ind., in 
the town of Connors villa, in 1826, and is a son of 
James Boyd, a native of Virginia, who emigrated 
to Indiana at an early day. His boyhood days, 
however, were spent in his native county but soon 
after his marriage to Miss Martilla Harp, he re- 
moved to Indiana. He served as a soldier in the 
War of 1812, and fought under Gen. Jackson at 
the famous battle of New Orleans. Accompanied 
by his family he continued his westward journeys 
until he reached Scott County, III., whei-e he passed 
the greater part of his remaining days, although his 
death occurred in Pike County, that State. His 
wife survived him many years, and dying in Des 
Moines, was buried in Greenwood Cemetery near 
this city. The family of James and Martilla Boyd 
numbered six children, all of whom grew to mature 
years, while two sons and the only daughter of the 
family, Mrs. Elizabeth L. Kellogg, of Des ISIoines, 
are now living. She is the eldest of the survivors. 
Thomas is second in order of birth, and the young- 
est is John B., a resident farmer of this county. 
Overton, Anderson and William, the three brothers 


now deceased, lie buried Ity their mother in Green- 
wood Cemetery'. The first and tliird were unmar- 
ried and the second left a wife, his children having 
died before his death occurred. 

In his native State, the subject of this sketch 
was reared, until ton years of age, when tlie famil}' 
removed to Illinois. He was but sixteen years of 
age at the time of his father's death and at tiiat 
time was practically thrown upon his own resources. 
In 1849, accom|)anied by his mother and youns;:est 
brotiier, he came to Iowa, and the following spring 
to Des Moines, where he has maile his home con- 
tinuously since with the exception of a short time 
spent upon the Pacific Slope. In the spring of 
1850, his brother William started from his home in 
Illinois to California and the same year Thomas 
also made his way across the plains to the newly 
discovered gold fields. Neither knew of tin; trip of 
the other or that they had contemplated making the 
journey- and their meeting was a joyful surprise. 
They spent two years in California, engaged in 
mining during a greater part of the time, in which 
they were reasonably successful and then returned 
together by way of the Isthmus of Panama, bolh 
coming at once to Polk County, where the rest of 
the family were then living. They resided upon 
the farm for a time, b\it in 1853, became residents 
of Des Moines, where William engaged in the har- 
ness and saddlery business. He conducted that 
business^ for a period and then sold out, but con- 
tinued to make his home in the capital city until 
his death. 

The business which occupied the attention of our 
suViject on his return from the gold fields car- 
pentering and joining, but after a short time he 
gave up active work in that line and turned his 
attention to real estate. Few men have done more 
for the upbuilding and beautifying of the city, 
especially in the earlier days. He erected many 
residences and other buildings and j-et owns con- 
siderable fine city property. He h-'s been a wit- 
ness of the many great changes which have taken 
place for the past forty-one years, has seen a little 
village of less than a thousand inhabitants trans- 
formed into a city which has no equal in the State, 
countless manufactories and industries have been 
introduced, large mercantile establishments have 

taken the place of little country stores, and palatial 
residences occupy the sites of pioneer log cabins or 
one-stor}- frame dwellings. This change has been 
brought about only hy the arduous labor, enter- 
prise and industry of the citizens of Des Moines, 
Mr Boyd having fully borne his share. 

On the ad of .January, 1856, in the city which 
has so long been his home, Mr. Boyd was uniteil in 
marriage with Miss Nancv Homan, who was born 
in Franklin County. Ohio, in 182G. and is a daugh- 
ter of Johnson and Lucy (Locket) Homan. who 
were natives of Ivenluckj-. The mother died when 
the daughter was an infant and she lost her father 
when only seven years old. She came to Des 
Moines with an uncle, John Provolt, in 1852. The 
lives of Mr. and Mrs. ISoyd have been well spent. 
They have not onl}' aided in public matters but 
have performed many acts of cliarity, which have 
secured them the love of the recipients of their 
bounty and have won many warm friends b}' their 
uniform kindness and courtesj'. 

Vf/ AMES STANTON, who is engaged in the 
culture of small fruit on section 19, Bloom- 
field Township, is numbered among the 
honored pioneers of the county, dating his 
resTdence from 1818. The traveler of to-day can 
scarcely imagine that forty years ago Polk County 
was almost an uninhabited wilderness. Des Moines 
had been established but was a mere hamlet, con- 
taining some log fort houses along the banks of the 
Des Moines and Coon Rivers and a few log cabins. 
The oreater part of the land was still 'n the pos- 
session of the Government, the Indians had not }'et 
left the settlement and wild game, such as elk, deer, 
etc., was still seen. Mr. Stanton tells of witness- 
i]i<r a war dance by the red men on the site of the 
court-house and on the ground now occupied by 
the State Capitol, has frequently i)icked wild black- 
berries. Much of the present .advanced position of 
the county is due to the pioneers and early set- 
tlers. They were men of determined will, who had 
corae to make-homes for themselves and families 
and were not to be deterred from their purpose by 



the Lardsliips and trials iuuident to the settling of a 
new country. The}- laid the foundation for the 
success of the county-, and we cannot say too much 
in their praise. Mr. Stanton did his share in the 
noble work and therefore is deserving of mention 
in this volume, wliich is to perpetuate the lives and 
deeds of the pioneers and the most prominent citi- 
zens of the county. 

He was born in Vermdion Count}', 111., March 
25, 1824, and is of Scotch and English descent. 
His father, Richard Stanton, was a native of Ken- 
tucky, and in his younger da3's learned the trade of 
a gunsmith, though he afterward engaged inblack- 
smithing and later devoted his energies to agricul- 
tural pursuits. He wedded Ruth Hayworth, a 
native of Tennessee and the}' became parents of 
nine children, but only three are now living — 
James; Rebecca, wife of Daniel Fox. of Jasper 
County, Mo. ; and Mahlon, of Bloomfield Town- 
shiji. Mr. Stanton followed blacksmithing in Illi- 
nois until 1835, when he removed to Missouri. 
Two 3'ears later, however, he returned to Illinois 
and in 1842 became a resident of Indiana, where 
he engaged in farming until 1847. That jear wit- 
nessed his arrival in Polk County. lie settled on 
what is known as the six-mile strip, which was then 
located in Polk County, but was afterward added 
to Warren County, and after farming there until 
1854, sold out and purchased one hundred and 
twenty acres of land in Bloom6eld Township. He 
was now Ijecoming quite aged and 1.13'ing aside all 
business cares made his home with his children un- 
til his death, which occurred in June, 1885, in the 
eightty-ninth 3'ear of his age. His wife died ten 
3'ears previous and they were laid side b3' side in 
the Bloomfield Cemeter}'. They were numbered 
among the pioneer settlers of the county and were 
among its respected citizens. 

James Stanton, our subject, accompanied his pa- 
rents to Missouri when fifteen years of age and with 
them afterwards returned to Illinois. He was then 
a lad of seventeen 3'ears and shortly afterward 
started out in life for himself. He served an ap- 
prenticeship of two years to the blacksmith's trade, 
hut as his health did not permit him to engage in 
llial business, he went to work in a packing house 
and the following s|)ring drove cattle to the >.'ortli. 

His health having somewhat improved, he then 
worked at his trade in Indiana until May, 1846, 
when he enlisted in the First Indiana Regiment to 
serve in the Mexican War. The command was 
sent to the mouth of the Rio Grande, where the}' 
did garrison dut}- for about four months, during 
which time a great many of the men died on ac- 
count of the unhealthy section in which they were 
camped. For some time they were engaged in the 
same dut3' at various places, and then Mr. Stanton 
worked at his trade for the Government at Monte- 
rey from June, 1 847, until August of the same year, 
when he received his discharge and returned to In- 

Having in the meantime attained to mature 
years, Mr. Stanton secured for himself a life com- 
panion in the person of Miss Rebecca Lewsader. 
Their marriage was celebrated on the 9th of March 
1848, and in October, of the same 3'ear, they emi- 
grated to Polk County, Iowa, three weeks being 
consumed in making the trip. Having received a 
land warrant in compensation for his services in 
the Mexican War, Mr. Stanton then made a claim 
of some land, upon which he made his home until 
1850, when he removed to Des Moines and opened 
a blacksmith shop. He was doing a good business 
in that line and everything passed along pleasantl3' 
until 1852, when death entered the household and 
claimed as its victim the wife and mother, who 
died on the 2nd of March. Three children were 
born of that marriage but onl3' one is now living, 
Sarah J., wife of H. A. Evans, of Des Sloines. Mr. 
Stanton was again married in November, 1852, his 
second union being with Nancy A. Thrailkill, 
daughter of Jacob and Ellen (Knao}') Thrailhill, 
both of whom were natives of Tennessee, the 
former born of Scotch parentage, the latter of Ger- 
man origin. The father was a farmer and engaged 
in that business in Missouri and Iowa until 1849, 
when he went to California, where he engaged in 
mining and became quite wealthy. He then started 
for home on a steamer, but as he was never again 
heard from it was supposed ho was murdered for 
his mone3-. His wife died December 13, 1846. 
Their famil3- numbered six children, as follows: 
Nanc3' A., wife of our subject; John, of Mexico; 
Joseph C, of Des Moines; Catherine K., a widovv 

cPf-il^iyLy uO^ay^ti^ 



of Lciiuiel Corisoii, who was killed in the charge 
at IJlack Ridge Bridge during the late war: David, 
of De Soto, Dallas County, Iowa; and Cassander, 
wife of Jolin Byran, of Cass County, Mo. After 
the death of his first wife, Mr. Tliraiikill, on tlic 
19th of Mareh, 1817, wedded Sarah. B. Ferguson. 
They had one child, Thomas B.. who died in the 

By tlie marriage of Mr. Stanton and Kancy 
Tliraiikill ten children were born, hut four have 
now passed away. Those living are Mary, wife of 
liichard Lowe, of Des Moines; Belle, wife of J. O. 
Tavonor, of Bloomfleld Township; Gideon W., who 
is aiding his father in the operation of the old 
homestead; Nellie, wife of Frank Eljornian, of 
Bloomfleld Townshi|>; Cliarles and Robert who are 
still with their parents. 

Mr. Stanton continued to engage in blacksniitli- 
ing in Des Moines until 1859, when he operated a 
rented fai-m for a year, after which he removed his 
family to tlieir home in the city and started for the 
mines of Colorado, where he spent the summer 
months. The following winter he again engaged in 
blacksmithing and in the spring of 1861, purchased 
forty acres of land, lie has met witli adversi- 
ties in life but possessing a strong determination 
and good business ability, he has overcome all 
obstacles and now has a good farm. For the past 
seventeen years he has given the greater part of 
his attention to the culture of small fruits, in which 
he has been quite successful, but also is engaged to 
some extent in the raising of stock. From the or- 
ganization of tiie Republican part3' he has been one 
of its supporters and in its welfare and success 
feels a deep interest. 

f LLKN DEARTH, who is numbered among 
Wfl-il. the early settlers of the county and is no-v 
living on section 35, Bloomfleld Townshij), 
was born in Warren County, Ohio, on the 
2(;ih of June, 180(). His parents were James E. 
and Elizabeth (Long) Dearth, the former a native 
of Pennsylvania of Scotch descent, the latter of 
^'irg■inia, born of German parentage. By occu[)a- 

tion the fatlier was a farmer, and for many years 
followe<l that business in Warren County, Ohio. 
He served his country in the AVar of 1812, after 
which he returned to his home in the Buckeye 
State, where he resided until his death. He passed 
away at the ripe old age of seventy- six years. His 
wife survived him some time, and died in 1861. 
There were six children born to this couple, but 
three of that number are now deceased, namely: 
Leviletta, Eliza and Samuel. Those living are: 
Allen, who is second in order of birth; William 
L., of Warren County, Ohi(j; and Ellen S., a resi- 
dent of Minnesota. The parents of this family 
were earnest Christian people, who did much to ad- 
vance the cause of Christ on eartli. They early 
instilled into the minds of their children such jirin- 
ciples :vs would make them honorable, upright 
citizens, iiud were they now alive, might well be 
proud of the family which they reared. 

Allen Dearth, the subject of this sketch, grew to 
manhood in Warren County, Ohio, where his earl}- 
life was passed in much the usual manner of 
farmer lads. Me availed himself of such oppor- 
tunities as the common schools afforded, but as the 
county in which his parents lived was newlj'-set- 
tled, his educational advantages were necessarily 
limited. Like a dutiful son, he assisted his father 
in the cultivation of the farm until twenty-one 
years of age, wlien he was given some land and 
began operations for himself. He was married 
about this time, and with his young wife removed 
to his farm, whieli he operated until 1848, when. 
having a chance to dispose of it to an advantage, 
he sold out and bought another farm in the same 
neighborhood. That land he cultivated for about 
five years, prosperity attending bis efforts during 
that period. Selling out, he then purchased fif- 
teen acres on the outskirts of Springborough, War- 
ren Countj', for wbicli he paid $80 per acre and 
afterward sold for §9,000. Later, he traded his 
town property for eight hundred acres of land in 
Boone County, Iowa, lie had also been the owner 
of extensive possessions in Indiana, including some 
twelve hundred acres of land, all of which he dis- 
posed of, trading the last eighty acres for one hun- 
dred and sixty acres in P.age County, Iowa. He 
believed that this Stale would rapidly settle and 



tliat his lands would become verj' valuable, so 
that, iu 1853, he came to Iowa for the purpose of 
here making his home. He first went to Boone 
County, but thinking the land too wild in that 
region, came to Polk Country, with the future (iros 
peuts of which he was quite delighted. In conse- 
quence he purchased a lot in the city of Des 
Moines, for which he paid §800, and erected a resi- 
dence thereon. Having been so successful in his 
real-estate speculations in Oliio and Indiana, Mr. 
Dearth determined to make lliat his business in 
Iowa, and after his settlement iu this city made 
purchase of four hundred acres of land in Dallas 
County, which adjoins Polk County. After resid- 
ing in Des Moines for about a year, he sold his 
land just mentioned and bought four hundred acres 
in Bloonifleld Township, but by that investment 
lost $8,000, the land having been previously mort- 
gaged. He labored hard to get his business affairs 
in a good condition once more, after his failure, 
and in due course of time purchased the farm on 
which he is now living. 

Mr. Deartli was married on the 10th of April, 
1828, the lady of his choice being Miss Margaret 
Deardorff, daughter of Jacob and Annie (Van 
Dyke) Deardorff, both of whom were natives of 
Pennsylvania, bom of German parentage. The 
father was a farmer by occupation, and was en- 
cawed in that Dursuit at the time of his deat!.. Of 
the eight children boru to Mr. and Mrs. Deardorff 
only one is now living — Margaret, wife of our sub- 
ject, who is now eighty-one years of age. Mr. and 
Mrs. Dearth have had a family of five children, 
but one died in infancy. Jacob is a resident of 
Indianola, Iowa; Perry is a farmer of Webster 
Count}', Mo.; Eliza A. is the wife of John T. 
Chambers, of Benton Count}-, Ark. ; and Lavina 
is the wife of John McGriff, who owns and oper- 
ates one hundred and fifty acres of the farm on 
which Mr. Dcarlli lives. They liave an interesting 
family of five children — William, Eddie, Howard, 
Ella and Charles. One child, Mary, is now de- 

For the long period of thirt3'-seven years Mr. 
Dearth has made his home in Polk County, his 
residence dating from 18.53. Great, indeed, have 
been the changes which have taken place since that 

time, and prompted by his energetic and progres- 
sive spirit, he has taken an active part in the work 
of advancement. His fellow citizens, appreciating 
his wtrth and ability, have frequently called upon 
him to serve in official ]>ositions. He was Super- 
visor of the- roads. Trustee of Bloomfield Town- 
ship and for about twenty terms has served on the 
grand and petit juries. He cast his first Presi- 
dential vote for John Quincy Adams, and sup- 
ported the Whig party until he joined the Repub- 
lican i)arty at its organization. He then continued 
his connection with that great national organiza- 
tion until 1880, when he joine<l forces with the 
Greenback part}-. More than si.xty j'ears have 
passed since Allen Dearth and Margaret Deardorff 
started out on life's journej' together. They have 
met many difficulties and discouragements and have 
borne their share in the sorrows of this world, yet 
their union has resulted in great happiness to both, 
and their companionship grows dearer as the years 
advance. Kor flftj-five years the}' have given their 
labors for the upbuilding of the Master's cause. 
They are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church and are loyal Christian people, who liy 
their upright lives have won the love and confi- 
dence of all. They are now nearing the other 
shore, but they can look back over the past with 
no regret and forward to the future with no fears, 
resting on the promises of the Bible and the hope 
of a home where all is peace and happiness. 

j! junior partner of the firm of Weaver ife 
Gillette, editors and publishers of the Iowa 
Tribune, of Des Moines, was born in Bloom- 
field, Conn., on the 1st of October, 1840, and is a 
son of the Hon. Francis and Eliza (Hooker) Gil- 
lette. His parents were both descended from old 
New England families, of Puritan origin, the 
mother, who is still living in Hartford. Conn., trac- 
ing her ancestry in dii'ect line back to the Rev. Mr. 
Hooker, who was the first Congregational minister 
of that city. The father, who was a United .States 



Senator from Connecticut, in 1854, and ranked 
among llie most prominent men of the State, died 
in 1881. 

Edward H. Gillette, whose name heads this 
sketch, received liberal educational advantages in 
his youth, and was lliereby fitted for a useful and 
honorable position in life. He attended the Hart- 
ford Iligli School, and the State Agricultural Col- 
lege of New York. He left college to come to 
Des Moines, in 18G3, and has since been a resideiit 
of this city, except a short time spent in business 
in Hartford, Conn. Farming and the raising of 
fine st'ick have occupied his attention during a 
considerable portion of that period, and for some 
time he has also devoted his abilities and energy to 
to manufacturing, journalism and politics. .Since 
December, 1883, he has been associated with Gen. 
J. B. Weaver in editing and publishing the Iowa 
Tribune, a weekly paper, which was established in 
1871), and which was purchased ))y Messrs. Weaver 
& Gillette in 1883. The Iowa Tribune vias the or- 
gan of the National or Greenback party, and is still 
devoted to the same issues under the Union Labor 
part3', the name assumed by the old Greenback 
part.y, and advocates anti-monopoly, currency re- 
form, and the rights of labor in all branches of 
industrj'. The paper, which is abl3' edited, has 
attained a large circulation throughout the North- 
west, and to quite an extent throughout the length 
and breadth of the land, from Maine to Texas and 
(,'alifornia. Mr. Gillette has been for many years 
an active supporter of the National party, and is 
an able defender of its principles. In 1876 he was 
a delegate to the National Convention of that party 
in Indianapolis, which nominated the Hon. Peter 
Cooper for the Presidencj^ Mr. Gillette was nom- 
inated for Congress in 1879, by the Greenback 
party, to represent the Seventh District (the capi- 
tal), and as the nomination was satisfactory to the 
Democratic convention he became its candidate, 
and was elect(^d to the Forty-sixth Congress by a 
majorit\ of nine hundred and twenty-one votes 
over his Republican opponent, the Hon. J. B. Cum- 
mings, although the district had previously given 
about eight thousand Republican niajoritj-. In the 
fall (jf 188.5 he was nominated for Lieutenant- 
Governor, receiving one hundred and sixt^' -seven 

thousand, seven hundred and eighty-seven votes, 
while the successful Republican candid.ate, the Hon. 
J. A. T. Hull, was elected wilii one hundred and 
seventy six thousand, nine hundred and forty-six 
votes. Mr. Gillette has for many years been a 
member of the National Conimittee of the N.ational 
party, and for several years was Chairman of that 
committee. He has taken an active |)art in every 
campaign, and has made speeches throughout the 
country, from Maine to Texas, in the interest of 
the political organization which ho supports. Asa 
speaker and debater he is logical, earnest and elo- 
quent, and hi.s addresses are always entertaining 
and instructive. 

On the 26th of .Tune, 1866, in Milford, Conn., 
Mr. Gillette was united in marriage with Miss 
Sophie Stoddard, a native of Connecticut, and a 
daughter of Joseph and Sophia I. Stoddard. They 
have three children, one sun and two daughters: 
Florence, the eldest child, is the wife of William 
E. Nichols, of East H.-uldam, Conn. Mr. Gillette 
is a man of superior mental force, well informed on 
all general subjects, and an able and earnest advo- 
cate of labor reform, and of such legislation as will 
insure to the laborer the legitimate results of his 
efforts in support of himself and famil}'. He sym- 
pathizes with all true reforms, demands equal 
rights for all men and women, and entertains radi- 
cal views u[)on the temperance question, but his 
record has been made primarily as the advocate of 
a financial system devised in the interest of pro- 
ducers rather than in the interest of idlers, with a 
view of emancipating all our industries from the 
enormous and ruinous taxes now imposeil upon 
them by usurers. 

i'^p^HOMAS LOWE, an estimable citizen, who 
'iM^^ for many years has been engaged in general 
^^^ farming and stock-raising on section 31, 
Bloomfield Township, was born in Ireland on the 
18th of January, 1827. His father, George Lowe, 
was also a native of the Emerald I.sle and after at- 
taining to mature years eng.aged in agricultural 
pursuits in County Kildare. The lady of his 



choicie, Catherine Beatty, Wcas also bom in the same 
county and by tlieir marriage they became the pa- 
rents of nine children, four of whom are yet liv 
ing — George, the eldest, is "a resident of Ireland , 
William resides in Jackson. Miss.; Richard makes 
his home in Des Moines. 

Thomas, the fourth son, and the subject of this 
sketch, passed his youth amid play and work m the 
usual manner of farmer lads and remained at home 
until twenty-four j'ears of age. The prospects af- 
forded young men in America at length atti'acted 
his attention and with a view of bettering his finan- 
cial condition, in the summer of 1851, he started 
for this country. Crossing the Atlantic in a sail- 
ing vessel, he at length arrived safely in New York, 
where soon afterward he procured work on a barge 
on the Hudson River, which position he retained 
for about three years. l>y industry and economy 
during that period, he acquired some capital and 
embarked in the grocery business in New York 
City, continuing operations in that line for two 
years. He then deternuiied to seek his fortune be- 
yond the Mississippi, and in August, 1856, started 
by rail to Iowa City, whence he completed his 
journey to Ft. Des Moines by stage. Scarcely had 
the work of devolopment been begun in the 
county, and the beautiful Capital City was then a 
small village with no sidewalks or few improve- 
ments of any importance. The present advanced 
position of the county is due to the early settlers 
and no inconsiderable part has Mr. Lowe borne in 
the work of advancement and progress, lie has 
witnessed almost llie entire growth of the county, 
has seen its broad prairies transformed into beauti- 
ful homes and farms, its log cabins replaced liy 
commodious and palatial residences, its towns and 
villages have grown into cities and all the im- 
provements and luxuries known to the civilized 
world has been introduced. 

With characteristic energy, Mr. Lowe began 
search for employment and for a short time en- 
gaged with Barlow Granger in putting up hay. He 
then purchased four and one-half acres of land 
near Des Moines, for which he $100 per acre, and 
after working a short time for Samuel Gray,rented 
a farm which he operated on shares for a year. He 
then rented land of his old employer, which he 

operated in connection with that he had formerly 
l)urchased until he engaged to haul lumber which 
business he followed until 1868. Having in the 
meantime accumidated some capital, he added to 
his possessions forty-tliree acres of wild i)rairie land, 
upon which he erected a small cabin antl after his 
family were installed in their new home Ijegan the 
development of a farm. Industry and entei'prise 
have marked his business career and being ambi- 
tious to succeed he has steadily pushed forward, 
overcoming all obstacles and disadvantages and is 
now numbered among the prosperous citizens of 
the community. As his fhiancial resources in- 
creased, he extended the boundaries of his farm 
until now it comprises three hundred and eighty - 
nine acres of land, the greater part of which is 
under cultivation, there being onl}' twenty-five 
acres unimproved and that is a timber tract. His 
land has been divided into fields which are well- 
tilled and b}' the rotation of crops have been made 
to yield excellent harvests, paying a golden tribute 
to the care and labor which he bestows upon them. 
In 1870 tlie pioneer home was replaced bj' a sub- 
stantial dwelling, good barns have been built and 
all other necessary buildings for the stor.nge of corn 
and the shelter of iiis stock, of which he raises ex- 
cellent grades. He also keeps on hand the latest 
improved machinery. It can truthfully' be said of 
Mr. Lowe that he is a self-made man. He was al- 
most penniless when he landed in this country and 
without the aid of influence or capital has l)ecome 
one of the prosperous citizens of the county. His 
business enterprises have been characterized l)y fair 
and honest dealing and thereby he has won the con- 
fidence of all with whom he came in contact. As a 
proof of the high regard in which he is held we 
will relate a little incident which goes to prove the 
warm friendsliip which his neighbors feel for him. 
In 1885, he had the misfortune to have his barn 
utterly destroyed by fire with all its contents, in- 
cluding six horses and a colt, harness, farming im- 
[jlements, a spring wagon and a few tons of hay. 
Insurance covered part of the building, but not- 
withstanding his loss was considerable, and his 
neighbors when they saw what a misfortune had 
overtalvcn him at once offered to make up his loss. 
Fortunately Mr. Lowe was not in need of the aid, 



but 1)6 warmly thanked his friemls and will ever 
elierish in his lieart the memory of their kindness 
and sympathy. 

On the 11th of December, 1854, in New York 
City, Thomas Lowe was united in marriage with 
Julia Kelley, and unto tliem have been born nine 
children — Catiierine F., who is now the wife of 
John Bogan Wright, of Polk County; AVilliara 15., a 
resident of Warren County; Cari'ie J., wife of 
Frank Oeil; Walton T., who is at home; Ella, who 
is engaged in teaching school; Frank and Belle are 
still with their parents; and Julia and George are 
deceased. Mrs. Lowe is a daughter of William and 
Catherine (Dunn) Kelley, both of whom were na- 
tives of Ireland. Her father made merchandising 
his life work. He once came to America with the 
intention of making his home in this country but af- 
terward returned to his native land and there re- 
sided until his death. His wife has also i)assed 
away. This worthy couple were parents of cigiit 
children, five of whom are yet living — Julia, wife 
of our subject; Catherine, a resident of Now York; 
Margaret, who is still living in the Emerald Isle; 
George, a resident of Cleveland, Ohio; and Caro- 
line, who makes her home in New Y'ork City. 

In politics Mr. Lowe is a Republican, having 
supported the principles of that party since its or- 
ganization, and both he and iiis wife arc members 
of the Presliyterian Church. They have led faith- 
ful Christian lives, and arc ever ready to extend a 
helping hand to the poor and needy and do all in 
their power for the advancement of the cause on 

OHN M. MEHAN, President of the Capital 
City Commercial College, of Des Moines, is 
] a native of Virginia. He was born in Bath, 
,Ml Morgan County, on the Gth of October, 
1845, and is a son of Jeremiah and Ann (O'Reily) 
Mehan. His i)arents were both natives of tjie 
"land where the shamrock grows," but in early life 
bade good-by to Ireland, and emigrated to tiiis 
country. After his marriage, Jeremiaii Mehan set- 
tled in Morgan County, Va., where he engaged in 
farming until 1852, when he removed to Illinois. 

Not long after, his wife was called to her final rest. 
When tiie late Civil War broke out, like many oth- 
ers of his brave fellow-countrymen, he went forth 
to battle for his adopted land, and never returned 
to the children who so anxiously awaited iiim, but 
sacrificed his life for the preservation of the Tnion. 
Bereft of both father and mother when a lad, 
John Mehan went to live with a merchant in Van- 
dalia, 111., where he was afforded the advantages of 
the public schools, and laid the foundation of his 
business education. At the age of twenty', he went 
to Montana, wliere some ten years of his life were 
spent. After mining for a time, he turned his at- 
tention to teaching, and subsequently engaged in 
book-keeping, in which vocation he became very 
proficient. Returning to Iowa in 1872, he accepted 
a position as a teaclier in the grammar department 
of the schools of Nevada, this State, where he re- 
mained for two years, when he became Superinten- 
dent of the pulilic schools in Ames, Iowa. In 1876, 
he was offered, and accepted tiie position of in- 
structor in penmanship, drawing and book-keeping, 
in the public schools of Crcston, wliere he remained 
until he resigned in order to become general man- 
ager and special accountant for the New York Life 
Insurance Company. In 1884, he came to Des 
Moines, and has since made this city the center of 
his labors. As an accountant he stands second to 
none in the State, and has done a great deal of ex- 
pert work in that line. 

While in Nevada, Mr. Mehan was united in 
marriage with Miss Nettie Vedder, who died in 
1883, leaving a son and daughter. Three years 
later, he wedded ."Miss Flora Ickis. who has charge 
of the normal and Plnglish training department of 
the Capital City Commercial College. The Profes- 
sor is an active member of the Presbyterian Church. 
He is a member of the Commercial Exchange, and 
one of the Directors in the Grand Avenue Savings 
liank. He has connected himself with but one so- 
cial order, the Masonic. 

The history of the rise and growth of the Capital 
City Commercial College, will be of interest to 
every one interested in the educational welfare of 
young men and women. When in 1884, Prof. 
IMehan decided to estalilish such a school in Des 
Moines, a small room near the corner of Sixth and 



Locust Streets was veutetl, and three teachers em- 
ploj'ed. The calling of the roll during the first 
three months was certainly not a burdensome task, 
as the students numbered only four, but ere the 
year closed, so many sought for admission into the 
school, that new accommodations had to be ob- 
tained. A large part of the secoml, and all of the 
third floor of Meek's Block at the corner of Sixth 
and Locust Streets was secured, and is still in use. 
These apartments are fitted up in the best style for 
the accommodation of the students. In 1889, the 
attendance numbered four hundred and twent^'- 
five. The object of the school is to prepare young 
men and women for business careers. The college 
is highl3' recommended by some of the most able 
instructors, and leading business men of Des Moines, 
but its highest recommendation comes from tlic 
fact that its students on entei'ing business life, can 
command the best positions and highest salaries. 
Its instructors are persons of recognized abilit}'. 
Its President has had twentj-four years experience 
in educational work, and has suLceeded in founding 
a school of which the citizens of Des Moines may 
well be i)roud. 

R. LEWIS SCHOOLER, of Des Moines, was 
born near Columbus, Ind., March 17, 1848, 
being one of nine children, whose parents 
were Benjamin Harrison and Mary (Hughes) Schoo- 
ler. His grandfather, William Schooler, emigrated 
from Ohio to Harrison Countj', Kj'., at an early 
day and tliL-re wedded Elizabeth Stupf. In 1831, 
they removed to Bartholomew County, Ind., to 
make that their home, l.ieing accompanied by their 
son Benjamin, who was born in Harrison Coimty, 
Ky., in 1824, and was therefore seven years old 
when the family became residents of the Iloosier 
State. Following in the footsteps of iiis father, 
Benjamii Harrison Schooler engaged in .agricul- 
tural pursuits, which he still makes bis business. 
Near Columbus, Ind., he married Miss Hughes, 
who was born In Ohio in 1827, and in childhood 
accompanied her iiarents to Indiana. The young 
couple began their domestic life in that State, and 

are still living on the old homestead. The hus- 
band is a substantial but unpretentious farmer, 
taking no part in public aflfairs or politics, save to 
vote his political principles, which have always 
been in the line of the AVhig and Republican 
parties. Of their nine children, eight arc now 

Dr. Schooler is the only one of the family that 
has ever pursued a professional career. His time 
was spent on the farm and in the district schools 
until December 3, 1864, when at the age of fifteen 
years he enlisted in Company A, One Hundred and 
Fort}' fifth Indiana Infantry, and served a j'car 
and two months under Clen. Thomas. He bad 
previousl}' made two attempts to join the army, 
but his father, not willing that a boy so y<Hing 
should endure the hardships of a soldier's life, pre- 
vented him carrying out his wishes. At the close 
of the war he returned to his home in Indiana and 
entered Ilartsville College, whare he remained 
three years, after which he engaged in teaching in 
his native State until 1870. when he went to Lex- 
ington, Mo., where he followed tlie same profession, 
and in his leisure hours read law until he was 
read}- for admission to the bar, but before taking 
that step, which would make him a member of the 
legal fraternit}', he decided to stud}' medicine, and 
OD coming to Iowa, in 1873, entered the ollice of 
Dr. .1. S. Gillett, of Iowa Center. During the 
winter of 1874-75 he attended his lirst course of 
lectures at the liOuisville (K}'.) Medical College, 
after which he located in Stieldahl, Polk County, 
where he embarked in practice, there continuing 
until 1883, when he came to Des Moines. In 187it 
he was graduated from the Kentuckj' .School of 
Medicine with honor. For four years. Dr. Schooler 
was Professor of Anatomj' in the Iowa College of 
Physicians and Surgeons, now a department of 
Drake L'niversity, and is at picsent Dean of the 
medical faculty, and Professor of Surgery in the 

On the 30th of May, 1876, in this city, the 
Doctor led to the marriage altar Jliss Alice .1. IIos- 
kins, a native of New Hampshire, and unto them 
have been born five children, .as follows: IJlanche, 
Dean, Elva, Hazel and Ward. 

In Ma}', 1889, Dr. Schooler aiipointed a 



member of the Pension Examining Board, of wliicli 
lie is now Secretary. He is an honored member of 
a number of civic societies, including the Masons 
and the Knights of Pythias, and is Post Com- 
mander of Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R. Since 
attaining his majority he has sui)i)orted the Repub- 
lican party, and takes an active part in political 
affairs, but has never sought public office. He is a 
member of the Polk Count}- JMedieal Society, of 
which he has been President some time, of the 
State Medical Society, and of the American Medi- 
cal Association. Already lie is accounted by the 
profession one of the ablest surgeons in the State, 
having within ten j'ears gained a reputation that is 
seldom acquired in a lifetime. Previous to this 
time he dias done a general practice, but in the 
future he expects to devote his entire energies to 


bAWRENCE T. FILSON, who resides on 
I section 29, Hloomfield Township, has for 
tiie long period of forty j-oars been num 

bered among the citizens of this county. Re is a 
native of Fleming County, Ky., born April 25, 
1822, and a son of William and Percilla (Tliomii- 
son) Filson, both of whom were of English descent. 
The father was a native of Virginia, but removed 
to Kentucky' at an earl}- day, and there followed 
farming throughout the remainder of his life. For 
twenty-one 3-ears he served as Sheriff of Fleming 
Co-juty, and in the discharge of his otlicial duties 
farmed an extensive acquaintance throughout the 
community. It is needless to say that he proved 
an able and etficient olllcer, for his long continued 
service plainly indicales that fact. He was a sup- 
[lorterof the Whig party in early life, and on its 
organization joined the Repuhiican party. Al- 
though a resident of a slave State, he was greatly 
opposed to slavery, and was a loyal supporter of 
the Union during the Civil War. Both he and his 
wife dieii aliout the year 1873. Unto them were 
born the following eight children — Mal•^^ widow 
of Thomas Boyd, of Cass County, Mo.; Melinda. 
who is now deceased; Washington, a resident of 
Caldwell County, :Mo.; Elizabeth J., wife of Will- 

iam Buckley, a i-t-,iihiil of Cass ( ounty, Mo. ; 
Emily, wife of Barney llaydcn, of tlie same county: 
Lawrence T., of this sketch; Eveline, wife of Will- 
iam W. Williamson, who resides on the old home- 
stead in Fleming County, Ky.; and James L., of 
Caldwell County, ;Mo. 

Our subject received a limited education in tiie 
subscription schools, and was reared on the farm 
on which he was born. He remained under the 
parental roof until reaching man's estate, when he 
left home and went to Scott County, Ind., where he 
served a three years' apprenticeship to the carpen- 
ter's trade. He then went to Jennings County in 
search of work, and while there joined a regiment 
bound for Oregon. The company went to Jeffer- 
son Barracks, St. Louis, and while there stationed 
the news was received of Taylor's light with the 
Blexicans. A call was then issued for volunteers, 
and with the other members of the regiment our 
subject enlisted. They were drilled for cavalry 
service, after which they marched to the front, goin"- 
by way of water to New^ Orleans, where they spent 
some time in drilling on the old battle-field where 
Andrew Jackson routed the British. After about 
two weeks they crossed the gulf to the mouth of 
the Rio Grande, but in so doing the horses were 
all lost, and the regiment was forced to proceed on 
foot. Later orders came to go to Vera Cruz b}' 
water, and in all tl;c general battles along Scott's 
lines our subject participated. As a member of a 
regiment of shariishooters he was placed in front 
of the line of march, and vvas engaged in skirmish- 
ing all the way from Vera Cruz to the City of 
Mexico, where they were quartered in the halls of 
Montezuma, the last king of the Aztecs. Mr. 
Filson was engaged in police duty for about eight 
months, at the end of which time |)eace was res- 
tored and they returned on fool to Vera Cruz, a 
distance of tvvo hundred and flft}- miles. His ser- 
vice in the Mexican War covered a period of 
about three years, during which he 'suffered injuries 
from which he has never recovered. Proceeding 
with his regiment 10 St. Louis, by an act of Con- 
gress he was honorably discharged, after which he 
returned to the home of his parents, where he re- 
mained during the winter. His pay was then sent 
hhn and a land warrant given him for his services. 



Taking his tools, in the spring of 1 849 Mr. Fil- 
son started for the West to try his fortune on its 
broad prairies. He proceeded by water to Keokiiic, 
and tlieuce b}* team to Pollv County. He found 
Ft. Des Moines to' consist of a few scattered cabins 
on the east side, and the fort cabins wliich graced 
liie banks of the Coon and Des Moines Rivers. 
From tliat time forward for a considerable period 
he was actively identified with the upbuilding of 
the count}' and the promotion of her interests. 
He aided in the erection of the first frame house 
built in Des Moines, a portion of which stands 
to-day as a rnonument to his skill and industry. 
He continued work as a carpenter for about twelre 
years, during which time he erected a number of 
residences. His first purchase of land consisted of 
one hundred and twenty acres in Sa3'Ior Township, 
which he operated for two years, when he was 
forced to abandon agricultural pursuits on account 
of ill-health. He then returned to the city, and 
then engaged in contracting and building for two 
years, having under his charge a force of ten men. 
As he was a thorough master of the business in 
every particular, and did his work in the most 
careful and painstaking manner, he received a 
liberal patronage and was rapidly acquiring a 
competence, but took a severe cold from exposure 
while working in the rain, and from the effects was 
confined to his bed for three months. For five 
years afterward he was unable to engage in busi- 
ness at all, and has never been able to resume 
work at his chosen occupation. When the war 
broke out he received a commission as Lieutenant 
from Gov. Kirk wood to raise a company, but 
owing to ill-health could not accept. In tlie sum- 
mer of 18G4 he made purch.ise of one hundred and 
sixty acres of land, on which he now resides, and 
began the development of a farm. A little frame 
iiouse of one room had been built, and an orchard 
of ten acres had been planted, but othciwise the 
land was in its primitive condition. 

Mr. Filson was married on the l.")tli of Novem- 
ber, 1819, tlie lady of liis choice lieiug Miss Martha 
J. Buzick. The marriage ceremony was performed 
in a little log cabin, and was one of the first wed- 
dings celebrated in tiiis county. Mrs. Filson is a 
daugliler of William and Kli/:!betli (Walker) I5u 

zick, the former a native of Maryland and the 
latter of Ohio. Her father was an eminent minister, 
and was one of the early settlers of Polk Count}'. 
He arrived in Des Moines in 1846, and from that 
time until his death, which occurred in 1883, 
preached the Gospel in and around that city. His 
wife, a most estimable lady, died twenty-four 
3'ears previous to the deatli of her husband. Thej- 
were beloved by all for their many good works, 
and in them the poor and needy found true friends. 
Their family numbered six children, as follows: 
Henry, Sarah A., Margaret, Mary A., William and 
Martha J. The union of Mr. and Mrs. Filson has 
been blessed with eight children, two sons and six 
daughters — Marj' E., the first-born, is the wife of 
James Spring, a resident of Bloomfield Township; 
Amanda J. is the wife of Franklin D. Pierce, of 
this count}'; Melinda E. wedded Truman Jones, of 
Bloomfield Township; Laura B. married L. O. 
Jones; Edwin D. is operating tlu^ old homesteail; 
Maggie C, Sarah A. and Lawrence L. are still with 
their parents. 

In politics, Mr. Filson is a Republican, and so- 
cially a member of the ilasonic fraternity. His 
fnrm comprises one hundred and sixty acres of 
valuable land, highly cultivated and improved, 
ui>on whicli may be found an excellent grade of 
cattle. Mr. Filson is now practically living a 
retired life, while his son attends to the manage- 
ment of his business interests. 



ll^f pastor of St. Mary's Church, of Des Moines, 
'11 W ^-as born in Siedlinghausen, Westphalia, 
[p'Germany, March 31, 1851, and is the son 
of a thrifty hardware merchant of that town. Hav- 
ing attended the [)arochial school until fourteen 
years of age, he then took a six years' course of 
training in Paderborn University, from which he 
was graduated in 1871. Those acquainted with 
the requirements of the (German universities can 
understand h<iw thoroughly equipped the Rev. 
Mr. Schmidt was to l)egin life. The same year of 
ills "raduation lie bade good-by to home and father- 





land anil sailed for the I'nited (States. lie at once 
took a i)i-ofessorship in St. Vincent's College, situ- 
nted at lieatty's PostofHee, Westmoreland County, 
I'a. After six years of satisfactory work in that 
college, he was called to the chair of Theology and 
Philosophy in St. Benedict's College, of Atchison, 
Kan., which he acceiHably filled until 1883. 
■ In that year the Rev. Mr. Schmidt became rec- 
tor of St. Mary's Church, in Des Moines. The 
church was organized about 1869, .ind in 187C 
their present line brick edifice was erected on the 
corner of Second and Crocker Streets. It has a 
large auditorium that will seat some nine hundred 
persons, and also a department for school work. A 
school is maintained, in which both English and 
(Jernian are taught. Until 188.'3 the church had 
been under the Bishop's charge, but in that year 
it was transferred to the Benedictine Fathers. When 
Father Schmidt took charge, the church was over 
^y,000 in debt. His efficient management, with 
tlie hearty co-operation of an al)le and liberal 
membership, has paid off all the iudebteilness and 
increased the church pro|)erty until, at a modest 
estimate, it is valued at ^80.000. The school af- 
fords both literary and musical instruction, and 
tliere are now about one bundled pupils under the 
care of three teachers. Father Schmidt is an excel- 
lent financier, as well as an able man in tlie pulpit, 
and his si.x years' pastorate in Des Moines has been 
a pleasant pi>rio(l with both himself antl his congre- 


\/W ^"Pf''i"le"''P»t "f ll'c West Des Moines 
'^^^ [julilic schools, is one of the renowned educa- 
tors of Iowa. He is of Swiss extraction on the 
paternal side, and on his mother's side is of Scotch 
and Welsii origin. His grandfather Beardshear 
emigrated from Pennsylvania to Virginia in an 
early day and in 1802, became a resident of Ohio, 
locating near Dayton, where he entered seven hun- 
dred acres of land. That .became the permanent 
home of the family and upon that farm, in 1814, 
was born the Doctor's father, John Beardshear. 
Ihning attained to man's estate, he was nnilc<l in 

marriage with Elizabeth Coleman, who was born 
in Ohio, in 1824, and was a daughter of Robert 
Coleman, who emigrated from Pennsjdvania to the 
Buckeye State during the earliest d.-iys of its iiis- 
tory. Mr. Beardshear was an energetic farmer 
and took an active part in local affairs, especially 
in the advancement of public schools, colleges 
and the interests of the Church. His hospitable 
door always stood open for the leception of those 
who spent their lives in preaching the gospel. He 
was a worthy mendjer of the United Brethren 
Church and gave to it his earnest support until 
his death, which occurred in 1873. His aged wife, 
who still survives him, also belongs to that chnrcii 
and is universally esteemed. Their family' consists 
of four children — William M. ; Sella, now .Mrs. 
Coover, wife of a [irominent stock dealer of Ohio; 
Rilla, a music teacher; and Fmma, wife of Prof. 
W. O. Krohn,of the Western Reserve College of 
Ohio. Emma died in .lanuary, 1890. 

Dr. Beardshear was horn on the old homestead 
near Dayton, Ohio, November 7, 1850, anil until 
fourteen years of age his time was spent in develop- 
ing his physical nature by hard work on the farm, 
and his mental forces by reading and attendance 
in the district schools. In January. 180.'). though 
little more than fourteen years of age, he enlisteil 
in Company A. of the One Hundred and Eighty- 
fourth Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry and ser- 
ved until the close of the war in the Army of the 
Cumberland. On his return home, he began the 
task of securing an education, having to depend 
largely upon his own resources. In 1869, he en- 
tered the pre|)aratory department of Otterbein 
University, and after six years of hard study grad- 
uated at the head of a large class with the degree 
of A. B. During his college course he united with 
the United Brethren Church, and upon his gradua- 
tion in 187G,was called to the pastorate of that 
church in Arcanum, Ohio, where he ministered two 
years. jjeriod is cherished alike by pastor 
and people. The ye.ars 1878-80 were spent by Mr. 
Beardshear mostly in the Yale Theological Semi- 
nary of New Haven, Conn., and during that time 
he supplied the pulpit of the Congregational Church 
at Bethany. In the early part of 1881, he was 
called to Summit Street Church in Dayton, Ohio, 



but resigned in July of tiie same year l,o accept the 
presidency of Western College in Toledo, Iowa, 
thus becoming one of tlie youngest college [iresi- 
denls in the United .States. 

When Dr. Beardshear took charge of that insti- 
tution, it was almost destitute of endowment, build- 
ings and students, but by his i)ersistent and well- 
directed efforts, and the aid of stanch friends of the 
college, the enrollment was more than (juadrupled, 
three large buildings were erected, and over 
1200,000 added to the various funds of 
the college. While working in the interests 
of the school and lecturing and preaching, he 
was winning for himself a reputation as an able 
educator and a man of great mental power. As a 
result in the fall of 1H89, he was tendered the Su[)er- 
intendency of the West Des Moines public schools, 
which he accepted, resigning the post of duty which 
he had so abh' filled in Western College. The 
Tama llcrahJ, speaking of the loss sustained by his 
resignation, says: "Under his guiding hand the col- 
lege has gained a prosperity and usefulness far 
beyond that of other days. All this has not been 
accomplished without severe and protracted labor, 
the brunt of which fi 11 upon the liroad shoulders 
of President Beardshear. And now when Western 
College has passed the critical point in its history, 
having reared palatial buildings, secured a fine corps 
of instructors and a large attendance of pupils, and 
having thoroughly entrenched itself in the good 
will of all in this section of the State, it seems hard 
that the president to whom it owes so much should 
not remain with it and enjoy some of the sunshine 
of its pr(js|ierity.'" The duties oC his new i^osition 
are manifold and ai'dnous, but. with his high con- 
ception of what the schools should he and his de 
sire and al)ilit3' to bring them u[) to bis standard, 
we maj' confidently expect that the West Des 
Moines schools will lead the first rank of city 
schools in a State in which for elliciency, the |)ublic 
school system leads the nation. 

Since he has become a resident of Iowa, Dr. 
Beardshear has taken a very active [lart in educa- 
tional A(irk, having taught in C(^uuty Institutes 
and lectured on educational subjects in Iowa and 
adjoining States. Soon after his graduation, he re- 
ceived the degree of A. M. from his Alma Mater, 

and in 1885 the honorary degree of D. D. was con- 
ferred upon him bj' the Lebanon Valley College of 
Pennsylvania. Socially he is a member of the 
Masonic fraternity and the Grand Army of the 

In March, 1873, I^r. Beardshear was united 
in marriage with Miss Josephine Mundhenk, a na- 
tive of Ohio anil a Junior of (Jtterbein University. 
Her parents were born in the Buckeye State, but 
were of German descent. Four children have 
blessed this union — Hazel L., Gertrude M.. William 
51. and Charle3'. The Doctor and his wife are 
consistent meml)ers of the United Brethren Church 
and hold as high rank in the social world, as he 
does among the educators of the State. 

Law, has passei 
Moines. Iowa. 

dLLIAM H. McHENRY, Ju.. Attorney-at- 
3ed his entire life in Des 
He was born in this city 
on the 1st of January, I860, his parents l)eing 
Judge William H. and Mary (Buttcrfield) McHenry, 
who are well known in I'olk County, especially 
among its best citizens. On leaving the common 
schools our subject entered the Iowa Agricultural 
College at Ames, from which he graduated in the 
class of 1881 with the degree of B. S. To fur- 
ther fit himself for the legal profession, which 
he had determined to make his life work, he en- 
tered and graduated from the law department of 
Drake University in the class of '83, with an L.L.B. 
degree. At the close of his course in that insti- 
tution, he established himself in practice in his 
native city and soon won a fair share of the legal 
business of the local courts. On the 1st of Janu- 
ary, 1887, he joined his father, who had recently 
retired from the bench, and was connected with 
him in practice until November, 1880, when the 
))artnership was dissolved and he has since pursued 
his profession alone. 

On the 9th of November, 18S7, in Sioux Cit\-, 
lovva, Mr. McHenry was united in marriaye with 
Miss L. A. Wright, a daughter of A. R. Wright. 
The lady was born in the city where her wedding 
was celebrated and was educated at the same col- 



lege :inil gniduated in the same class with her 
husband. .She is a most estimable lady and a con- 
sistent member of the Plymoutli Congregational 
Churcli. Mr. McHenrj' is a member of Capital 
Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M., and of Cai)ital 
Lodge, No. 29, K. of P. Like his father he is a 
stanch Democrat in politics. He inherited a posi- 
tive quality of Democracy which tigie has never 
lessened, but which age onl^- strengthened. 

A peculiar incident in the professional experi- 
ence of the McHenr3's occurred a few years since, 
when tlie fatiier was on the bench. It so iiappened 
that in a certain case on trial before him, his eldest 
son appeared for the plaintiff and the second son 
for the defendant, so that the trial, so far as court 
and council were concerned, was a family affair. 
The subject of tins sketch, although comparatively 
a young man, has already won prominence at tiie 
bar and shown marked ability in the line of his 

- ocx> . 

^/AMES A. MERRITT, Attorney and Coun- 
selor-at-law, senior member of the firm of 
Merritt & Lontham, is engaged in the prac- 
tice of his chosen profession in Des Moines, 
his office being situated in the building of the Iowa 
Loan and Trust Compan\'. He has been a resident 
of Iowa fur the long period of thirty-five years 
and has made liis home in Des Moines since May, 
1887. Me was boi'n in Livingston County, N. Y., 
October 10, 18.52, and is a son of James B. and 
Laura C. (Wing) Merritt, the former a n.ativc of 
the State of New York, born on the banks of the 
Hudson River, the latter of Connecticut. In the 
spring of ISoT). the family came to the new State 
of Iowa, and settled in Tama County. 

Our subject here received liberal educational 
advantages, lie attended Grinnell College and the 
State Agricultural College of Ames, later was a 
student in the State University at Iowa City, and 
afterwards entered the Western College of Toledo, 
Iowa, from which institution he graduated in the 
class of 1886. It had lieen his wish to make the 
legal profession his life work and in the meantime 
he had studied law under the preceptorshii) of 

Judge Struble of Toledo, ex-siieaker of the Iowa 
House of Representatives, and also was a student 
in the office of .ludgc L. (i. Kinne, of Toledo. 
He was admitted to the b;ir of Tama County, Iowa, 
in November, 1878, and the following year began 
practice in Toledo, where he won an excellent 
reputation and secured a liberal iiatrouage, there 
continuing to make his homo until May I, 1887, 
when he came to Des Moines. Oi)ening an office 
he began to practice on the IGlli of that month 
and has carried on his labors continiK)usly since. 
He makes a specialty of mercantile law and cases 
relating to real estate. 

A n\arriage ceremony performed in Marion, Linn 
County, Iowa, on the !)tli of August, 1882. united 
the destinies of James A. Merritt and Miss Ida 
L. McClain, a daughter of James and Elizabeth 
McClain, of Linn County. Mrs. Merritt is a na- 
tive of Rock Island, III. Their union has been 
graced with a family of three children, a son and 
two daughters, namely: Hazel Estella, w^ho is now 
six yeais of age; Claude AY. .aged four: and Luetla 
May, a year old babe. 

Mr. Merritt is a Republican in politics and served 
as City Attorney of Toledo for a term of one year. 
Socially, he is a member of Pioneer Lodge, No. 
22, A. F. & A. M., of Des Moines, having been a 
member of tlie Masonic fraternity since 188,"). Al- 
though he has been in Des Moines but a short time, 
Mr. Merritt has already succeeded in securing a fair 
legal business which is constantly increasing. He 
has recently formed a partnershii) witii W. 15. 
Loutham, who was his former partner while in 
Toledo, Ohio. Mr. Merritt possesses the ability of 
a first class lawyer and in the course of time will 
become a leader at the bar in the lirauch of the 
business wliich he makes a specialty. 

^ .^^ ^ 

MOM AS C. DA\Y.SON, junior partner in 
the firm of Hume & Dawson, of Des Moines. 
^^J is a native of AYisconsin, having been born 
in Hudson, that State, on the .SOtli of July, 18G5. 
The family is of Scotch descent and was one of the 
first to settle in the Badger State, where its mem- 



bers became owners of valuable land near Milwau- 
kee. Tlio fallicr of our subject, Allan Dawson, was 
a prominent attorney of the Badger State. He 
died while in the jirime of life, Thomas C. being 
then but a child. His widow, in her maidenhood 
was Anna Clelaud, a sister of the mother of Mr. 
Hume, and is now a resident of Enterprise, Fla. 

The subject of this sketch was reared to man- 
hood in his native State and by nature and training 
was especially fitted for the prominent position 
which he is rapid I}' gaining at the bar. He is a 
gracUiate of Hanover College, of Indiana, complet- 
ing the course in 1883. Ijut not cf)ntent with end- 
ing his school life there, the same year he entered 
Harvard College and took a post graduate course 
at the famous seat of learning. His taste led him 
to select the legal [irofession as the one which he 
wished to make his life work and he began the study 
of law in Cincinnati, Ohio, in the olHce of Thornton 
& Hinkle, graduating from the law school of that 
city in 1886. The same jear he came to Des 
Moines and shortly afterward the partnership of 
Hume & Dawson was formed. Although both 
memners of the firm are 30ung, both in years and 
pi'aclicc, the firm has been recognized as one of 
ability and thus far has secured a liberal patronage 
which is constantly increasing. 


if)! dent of the I'nion Coal and ^Mining Com- 
.^^' pany and Mayor of the city of Sevastopol, 
(1^ is of German birth. He was born in Hesse 
Cassell, Germany, on the 22d of Deceml)er, 182'!, 
and is a son of John P. N. and Jeannette (LeGoul- 
lon) Young. His father was also a native of Hesse 
Casstl, and belonged to one of the old respected 
families of that country. His mother, however, 
was born of French parentage. 

The subject of this sketch received his education 
in a high school of his native country and was after- 
wards employed as book-keeeper until 1817, when 
he determined to seek his fortune in the New 
World. He was then a .young man of twenty 
years. Crossing the broad Atlantic he settled in 

Phlllipsburg, Pa., but afterwards went to Pitts- 
bu'g, where he served an apprenticeship to the 
locksmith's trade. He was also married in that 
city, on the 23d of June, 1849, to Miss Mary 
Klepstein, who was born in Mulhausen, Thuiingia, 
Germany, and came to America in August, 1847, 
in company with her father, .Samuel Klepstein and 
his family. l\lr. and Mrs. Young were the parents 
of five children, three of whom are now living. 
Charles, the eldest, who born March 31, 1850, 
(lied in infancy; Robert Kossuth, wiio was born 
August 18, 1851, married Miss Lena Cordari, 
August 18, 1878, and died on the first anniversary 
of his wedding; Emilie, who was born May 1, 
1854, is the wife of J. A. Lewis, who is engaged in 
the manufacture of artificial stone and resides in 
Des Moines; Ida, who was born August 13, 1857, 
is the wife of Frank X. S[)itz, a cigar manufacturer 
of this city; Edward A., the only surviving son, 
married Miss Paulina Munzenmaier and is a grocer 
of Sevastopol. 

Soon after his marriage Mr. Young removed to 
Hrownville, Pa., where he engaged in the manu- 
facture of soap and candles, continuing that Inisi- 
ness until March, 1857, when he came to Des 
Moines, and established a small soap and candle 
factory on West Sixteenth Street, the first factorj^ 
in that line in the city. In 1866_ he removed to 
the south side of the Coon River, where he followed 
the same pursuit until June, 1883. Prior to closing 
out his soap and candle business, Mr. Young aided 
in incorporating the Union Coal and Mining Coni- 
pany, of which he was elected President and has 
held that position continuous!}' since. The com- 
pany was incorporated November 1, 1881, and F. 
W. Adlfinger was chosen secretary, a position he 
has retained to the present. The mine is situated 
in Sevastopol, a suburb of Des Moines and turns 
out as fine coal as any in the State. One hundred 
and fifty men are employed by the company and 
the value of the annual output averages about 

Mr. Young is a Democrat in politics and has 
been chosen by his townsmen to many offices of 
public honor and trust. He has been constantly 
in oflice ever since the citj' of Sevastopol was in- 
cor[)oratcd. For some time be served as Recorder, 





WHS Alderman several j'ears and Las been Ma3'or 
three years in succession. He was appointed United 
States Ganger in the spring of 1887, and served 
until the offlee was abolislied, being the last to fill 
the position in this district. He is a member of 
Capital City Lodge, No. 110, A. F. & A. M., and 
a charter member of Sevastopol Lodge, L O. 0. F. 
He also belongs to the Des Moines Turners society. 
He has been an Odd Fellow for thirtj'-iive years, 
lias filled all the chairs in the subordinate lodge 
and has represented his lodge in the Grand Lodge 
of the State. Mr. Young is highly esteemed for 
liis sterling integrity and enterprise, and enjoys the 
confidence of his fellow citizens to the fullest ex- 
tent. He ivas the first of his father's family to 
come to America and as time rolls on his descend- 
ants may point with pride to the record of R. F. 
Young, the founder of their family in America. 

Sharpsburg, Washington County, Md., Ai)ril 
\\^ 1, 1829. and was the third son of Charles 
Nourse and Susan Cameron. Charles Nourse was 
born at Frankfort, Ky., April 15, 1801. His father, 
Gabriel Nourse was one of the earl3' settlers of 
Kentucky, but after the death of two of his broth- 
ers at the hands of the Indians he returned to Vii'- 
ginia where his family was reared. Charles Nourse 
was a teacher by profession an 1 taught school for 
fifty successive years, lirst in Maryland and after- 
ward in Ohio, Kentucky and Iowa. He died at 
Keynoldsburg, Ohio, in January, 1880. The mother 
of Charles Clinton Nourse, Susan Cameron, died at 
Siiepherdstown, Va., in 183G. On the mother's side 
she was of the Clintons, and the name has been pre- 
served in the family in honor of the grandmother. 
The genealogy of the Nourse family dates back to 
1.520 to .Toim Nourse, of Chilling Place, Oxford, 
England, and his wife I'liillipa, daughter of Sir Ed- 
ward Terrill. The American branch of the Nourse 
family to which the subject of the present sketch 
belongs, descended from James Nourse and his 
wife Sarah Fonace, who emigrated from London, 

England, in 1761), and settled .at Piedmont, Jeffer- 
son County, Va. This worthy couple were the 
parents of twenty-one children, among them (Jab- 
riel Nourse. the grandfather of the person of 
whom we write. 

The subject of this sketch, Charles Clinton 
Nourse, enjoyed the advantage of a good education, 
received chiefly from his father's personal instruc- 
tion. He graduated in the Law Department of 
Transylvania University at Lexington. Ky., in 
1850. He came to Iowa in 1851 and commenced the 
practice of law at Keosauqua, Van Buren County. 
He married, in Lexington. Ky., in 1853 to Miss 
Rebecca McMeekin. In 1858 he removed to Des 
Moines, where he has ever since resided, lie has 
been honored with various official [lositions, was 
elected Public Prosecutor for Van Buren County, 
in August, 1852; was Clerk of the Iowa House of 
Representatives in 1853-54, and in 1856-57 was 
Secretary of the Senate. He was elected Attorne3- 
General of Iowa in 1860 and re-elected in 1862. In 
1865 he was appointed Judge of the Fifth Judicial 
District of the State. After being on the bench six 
months he resigned and resumed his practice, which 
he has since pursued with marked success. Judge 
Nourse took an active part in the organization of 
the Republican party in the Slate in 1856, and has 
been a stanch sui)porterof the principles advocated 
by it continuously to the present, lie has nbo been 
an active and earnest advocate of the cause of tem- 
perance and legal prohil)ilion. 

Clinton C. is the only child of .ludge and Mrs. 
Nourse. He was born at Des Moines, Iowa, in 1861, 
was educated at Calliuian College and the Stale 
Agricultural College of Iowa. He marrietl Miss Eliz- 
abeth Behring, of Ft. Dodge, in June, and is 
an architect by profession, now in business at Des 
Moines. Judge Nourse and his wife are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Chunh.having belonged to 
the same since their early youth. Among the most 
worthy and highly respected citizens of l'oN< 
County, no one stands higher or is cnlilled to 
orcater regard for purity of chai-acler. high order 
of le<Tal talent and the substantial ([ualities of an 
.able and upright man than the Judge. In 1876 he 
was selected by the (li)venior of Iowa to delivei- 
the Centennial ad<Ircss at ]*hila(kl()hia in beh.alf 



of tlie SlaU'. This address is a condensed liistoi-yof 
tlie State of Iowa, its earl^' settlement, topograph}^ 
resources, progress, politics and educational facili- 
ties. Tlie State publislicd twenty thousand copies of 
it for general circulation. In 1877 Simpson Centen- 
ary College conferred on the .Indgc the degree of 
Doctor of Laws. For tliirty-nine years he has been 
identified with the bar of Iowa, and been more 
or less prominently connected with public .affaiis in 
official and professional duties dui-ing that entire 
period. He has always proved himself capable and 
reliable in all ho has undertaken, a faithful public 
officer, and a citizen of whom his townsmen speak 
only with pride. 


^X LVAN A. IIASKINS. one of the leading 
@/^l i young attorneys of Des Moines, Iowa, was 
born in Chicago, III., October 14, 1863, and 
is descended from old New Engl.aud fam- 
ilies. His father, Norman Haskins, was a native of 
New York, where for generations past his ancestors 
lived. He married Miss Julia E. Abel, who was 
born in Saybrook, Ohio, but comes of a New Eng- 
land family, her ancestors having settled in Massa- 

In 1870, the family came to Iowa, settling near 
Atlantic, whence they removed to Dos Moines in 
1872. Mr. Haskins received his primary education, 
in the public schools, which was supplemented by 
a course in Drake University in this city; he was 
graduated from tlie classical course in 1884, and 
from the law department in 1885. lie entered upon 
his practice in coinjiany with Gen. A. J. Baker and 
Judge C. A. Bishop under the firm name of Baker, 
Bishop ifc Haskins, which connection continued un- 
til November 1, 1887, wiien Judge Bisho|) retired, 
tlie firm becoming Baker & Haskins. Those two 
gentleman continued partnership until October 1, 
1889, when the connection was dissolved, since 
which time Mr. Haskins been alone in practice. 
In politics he is a Republican, but has never taken 
an active part in polifical affairs or sought public 
oIHcc. He resides in West University Place with 
his jiarents, the family there having a pleasant 

home. He is a rising joung lawyer who possesses 
great legal talent and studious habits, which will in 
time win him a foremost place in liis chosen pro- 
fession. His colleagues acknowledge his ability, 
and his friends have just reason to be proud of the 
position which he already occupies. 


\l ^ ERMAN D. REEVE is the senior member 

li of the firm of Reeve & Gaston, Governmont 
Claim Attorneys, whose office is situated at 
No. 616 West Locust Street, Des Moines. 
He is a Hawkeye by birth, having first opened his 
eyes to the light of day in Franklin County, Iowa, 
March 25, 1857. His parents, James B. and Ade- 
line (Riggs) Reeve, left their home in Rome, Ash- 
tabula County, Ohio, and by team made tiie journey' 
to Franklin County, in 1852, while yet liie conn 
try was wild and unsettled. Mr. Reeve helped to 
organize the county, and was elected its first judge, 
the balloting taking place in his old log house. He 
was a farmer hy occupation, a Republican in poli- 
tics, and a patriotic citizen. On the 0th of August, 
1862, he was commissioned Captain of Companj' II, 
Thirty-second Iowa Infantry, and was in active 
service until his death, whicii occurred in Ft. Pil- 
low, Tenn., January 24, 1863. He had two brothers 
and three sons in the army, and the brothers and 
one son died in the service. The son was a prisoner 
and died at Andersonvilie from tlie effects of the 
hardships and confinement of prison life. Mrs. 
Reeve survives her husband, and still resides on the 
old homestead in Franklin County. Their family 
numbered ten children, six sons and four daughters. 
The original American ancestor of Mr. Reeve was 
a Frenchman by birth, who accompanied LaFayette 
to America, serving with him until after the close 
of the Revolutionary War, when he resolved to 
make his future home in this country, and settled 
in New England. The spoiling of his name was 
Revee, but it has since been changed to its [irosent 

Herman B. Reeve, whose name heads this notice, 
passed his early life in much the usual manner of 
farmer lads, and in the district schools received his 



primaiy education. He afterwavrls. however, be- 
came a student in tlio Iowa Agricultural College of 
Ames, and was graduated in the Class of '82, in the 
law dei)artment of the State rniversit_y,and subse- 
quentl3' took a post graduate course in the National 
University at Wasiiington, D. C, graduating from 
that school in the Class of '84. He began business 
in the Government service as special examiner of 
the Pension OtHce, wliich position he held from 
1882 until 1885, when he came to Dcs Moines, and 
formed tiie existing partnership with Mr. Gaston. 
The firm of Reeve & Gaston has an extensive prac- 
tice, and makes a specialty of Government claim 
business, having a branch oilice in Milwaukee, Wis., 
and another in Washington, D. C. 

On the 3d of November, 1887, in Des Moines, 
Iowa, Mr. Reeve was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Ilattie B. St. John, a daughter of Carlisle St. John. 
She was born in this city, and is a member of the 
Sixth Presbyterian Church. Ilcr family were among 
the early settlers of Polk County. The union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Reeve has been blessed with one son, 
Herman D., who was born in Des Moines, October 
21, 1888. In politics, Mr. Reeve is a Re])ul)lican, 
and is a member of the town council of University 
Place. Socially, he belongs to the Orders of Red 
Men, Good Templars, and Sons of Veterans. He 
is a worthy and valuable cilizen, honored by all 
who know him. 

Polk County, and a leading citizen of 
DesMoines, was born in Auburn, De Kalb 
County. Ind., on tlie 24th of August, 
1850, and is a son of Isaac and Harriet (Wiselcy) 
Brandt. He came to Des Moines with his parents 
in April, 1858. His early education was received 
in the public schools of that place, but later lie 
entered Monmouth College, of Monmouth, 111., 
from which he was graduated in the class of 1871. 
He also pursued a course in Grinnell College, at 
Grinncll, Iowa. 

On the 8th of May. 1872. Mr. Brandt was mar- 
ried, near .Somonauk, 111., to Miss Mattie L. Mof- 

fett, daughter of John and Letlie M. Moffelt, and 
a native of Blooniington. Ind., born; March 25, 
1852 Si.^c chililren graced their union, of whom 
four are now living — Guy M., Lettic II., Anna M. 
and Ruth. Isaac W. died at the age of four and 
a half years, and another child died in infancy. 

Mr. Brandt entered upon the study of law in the 
otlice of Conrad & Phillips, where he remained two 
years, when he entered the Iowa Law .School, a 
branch of Simpson Centenary College, at Indianola, 
and was admitted to the bar in June, 1880. While 
l)ursuing his law studies he engaged in teaching for 
ten months. Previous to that time he had followed 
farming, in Valley Township, continuing the same 
till December 14, 1877, when he removed to the 
cil3' of Des Moines. In the fall of 1880 he was 
elected Justice of the Peace for Lee Township, but 
after one year's service resigned. In January, 
1882, he was appointed United States Store Keeper, 
and served until November 27, the same year, when 
he was appointed United .States Ganger, and con- 
tinued to hold thatoflice until Decemlier, 1885. In 
the meantime lie was off dut}', in the spring of 
1885, and organized the Black Diamond Min- 
ing Company, in connection with J. and G. K. 
Walters, and has maintained his connection with 
the company since. In the fall of 1887 Mr. Brandt 
was elected Auditor of Polk County, and re-elected 
in 1889, running two hundrcil ahead of his ticket, 
lie is an earnest Republican in politics, and has 
done good service in suiiport of his party, liolh 
Mr. Brandt and his wife are members of the United 
Presbyterian Church. He has served six years as 
Superinten<lent of the Salihath-school, and has been 
otherwise active and inllucntial in church work. 

The history of Mr. I'.raudt's early life, and his 
efforts to obtain an education, is interesting. He 
attended the first regular public school of Des- 
Moines, and carried brick to be used in the con- 
struction of the first public school building. His 
first business venture was as a dealer in po|) corn, 
with the proceeds of which he bought a pig. When 
the pig was nearly grown it was stolen from the 
pen by some soldiers who were cami)ing in Des- 
Moines. A neighbor kindly m.adc him a present ■•!" 
two small hogs in phute of the one he lost, and he 
made such pi-ogrcss in stock growing that when he 



left school for college he placed in care of his father 
stock to the value of ^280. Between the ages of 
eleven and nineteen j'ears he was janitor of the 
Good Templars' Hall, and received therefrom an 
income of from ^l to ^2.'2i) per week. He furnished 
his own clothes and paid his own way, except board 
for that time. After his marriage he suecessfull}* 
conducted a farm for awhile, but at length lost 
heavily through extensive speculations in stock 
when prices were on the decline. He has been a 
ver^^ active worker in tlie cause of temperance, 
having joined the Good Templars' order at the 
age of twelve years, since which time he has faith- 
fully kept the pledge. He has made a very effi- 
cient and [jopular county officer, ami won the high 
regard of all. He is a candid, genial gentleman, 
always willing and ready to do his duty, and ever 
courteous and obliging. His personal popularit}' 
was evinced in his recent election when he received 
such a large majority. 

Mr. Brandt's eldest son. Gu}' M., who is now 
sixteen 3ears of age, graduated from the Des- 
Moines High School, and .it- present is a freshman 
in Mohinouth College, where he is i>ursuing a 
classical course. He has the distinction at this 
time of being the only student of tlftit institution 
who is a son of a graduate of the college. He is a 
member of tJie Good Tem|ilars' Society', and is a 
young man of much promise and abilit3'. 


"^f LEXANDER SCOTT deserves si)ccial raen- 
v@A-J| tion in this volume, as he was prominentl3' 

/// li connected with the early history of Des- 
g! Moines. He was a brother of .lames L. 

Scott, of this city, in whose sketch, found elsew here 
in this work, are given facts relating to the family 
of our subject. Alexander Scott was born in 
Crawford Count}-, Ind., December 18, 1818, and 
when the garrison was established at Ft. Des Moines 
he came to Polk Count}', being under c(>ntract to 
furnish the garrison with provisions. He remained 
at the fort for three years, and, wlien the Indians 
were removed, accompanied them to Kansas in tlie 
capacity of an Indian trader. When the land of 

Polk County came into the market he returned, 
and entered about five hundred acres on the east 
side of the river, including all of what now con- 
stitutes East Des Moines, and in consequence the 
site of the present capitol, which he afterward pre- 
sented to the State. 

Alexander Scott was a man of large heart, and of 
liberal and generous impulses. He resided for many 
years on the land he had chosen for his home, and 
aided greatly in laying the foundation of the pres- 
ent beautiful and prosperous city of Des Moines by 
his enterprise and liberal gifts of time and money 
for its upbuilding. He constructed the first bridge 
across the river at this place, and refused his influ- 
ence and liberal support to no interest that tended 
to promote the growth of the young town. The land 
that he had entered increased in value, and he be- 
came comparatively wealthy, and as his financial 
resources increased, his s[)irit of generosity and lib- 
erality also seemed to be enlarged. lie was gen- 
erous almost to a fault. He could not say no to an 
appeal for financial aid. and advantage was taken 
of his kindness by unprincipled men. He endorsed 
hea\ily and was comiiellcd to meet the obligations 
of those who had sought his assistance and whom 
lie had befriended, and soon his earthly possessions 
were swept away. In 1859, when the excilement 
attending the discovery of gold at Pike's Peak was 
at its height, iMr. Scott joined a party of adventur- 
ers and started for that region, but he did not 
reach his destination, death ending his unfortunate 
career in camp near Et. Kearne}-. Once, while 
strolling over what is now Capitol Hill with his 
brother, James L. Scott, and admiring its surround- 
ings and the beautiful view obtained from that 
location, he expressed to his brother a desire that 
his last resting place might be there. In accord- 
ance with that wish the brother proceeded to 
Ft. Kearney when he heard of the death of Mr. 
Scott, brought back the remains and buried them 
on the spot which hi' had chosen as his sepulcher. 
He left a wife, but im children. His widow after- 
ward went to California, where she died some years 

Alexander Scott lies buried on Capitol Hill, only 
a few rods from the m.agnificcnt Iowa State House, 
of which all citizens of Iowa are so justly |)roud, 

' THE l^tW TOT=vK 







but lie who once possessed tliose beautiful grounds, 
and by whose generosity they were conveyed to 
the State, lies in a neglected grave with no stone to 
indicate where he lios. May it not bo long ere a 
fitting memorial shall mark the last resting place of 
this most worthy man. 

/OllN .1. WILLIAMS, one of the early set- 
tlers of Des Moines and a iirominent real- 
estate dealer of that city, traces his ancestry 
back to the days when his great-grandfather, 
a Welshman by birth, emigrated to the North of 
Ireland, where he married and reared a family of 
children, to one o"f whom was given the name ot 
.Iose|)h. When the lad had grown to mature 
years lie was married, and in 1808 sailed with his 
family to America, locating in Pennsylvania. When 
the War of 1812 broke out, he espoused the cause 
of his adopted country and served in that struggle. ' 
About 1820 lie removed to Ohio, where he lived 
many years, ai^d died at the age of eighty-one 

Alexander Williams, the father of our suliject, 
was born on the ICmerald Isle, July 3, 180G. His 
mother died when he was about twelve years of 
age, but his father was again married, and his ."cc- 
ond wife proved a true mother to the young lad. 
Alexander remained at home until twenty-three 
years of age, when he left the parental roof to 
learn the trade of a millwright. In 1832 he [air- 
chased a small mill in .Jefferson County, Ohio, but 
after six years sold out and removed to (iallia 
County, where he was extensively engaged in the 
mill liusiness for some seventeen j'ears, in connec 
lion with the operation of a farm. In 18."i6 he made 
a tour through Northern Missouri and Southern 
Iowa, and being pleased with the location of Des 
Moines and its future prospects, he invested in real 
estate, and then returned to Ohio. In 1859 he 
again came to this city and purchased the water 
power and a dilapidated mill. AVith the aid of our 
subject, he rebuilt most of the dam across the Des 
Moines River and erected a flouring-mill at the 
corner of First and Center Streets, in West Des 

Moines, which they successfully operated until 
1873, when Mr. Williams retired from business. 
In political sentiment he was a Wliig until the rise 
of the Republican party, when he espoused its 
princii^les, remaining one of its strongest advocates 
until his death. 

In Jefferson County, Ohio, Alexander Williams 
wedded Mary Jackson, who was born in that 
county, December 17, 1805, of Irish and Scotch 
descent. She was a consistent member of the Pres- 
byterian Church and died in full fellowship with 
that denomination, January 13, 18G2. Mr. Will- 
iams survived a number of years, deiiarting tliis 
life. May 20, 1878. 

John J. Williams was the only child of his [lar- 
ents. He was born near Smiihlield, in Jefferson 
County, Ohio, May 14, 183-1, and during his boy- 
hood days, when not in school, he assisted his 
father on the farm or in the carding and Hour- 
mill, where he learned his business. His educational 
advantages were liberal, lie pursued an academic 
course for two years aft-r leaving the common 
schools, and subsequently read law for two years, 
being graduated from the Cincinnati Law School 
in the spring of 1860. He became associated in 
business with liis father soon afterward, the part- 
nership continuing until Mr. Williams, Sr., retired. 
On the 25tli of Se[)tember, I860, in Galliopolis, 
Ohio, John J. Williams led to the marriage altar 
Miss Cornelia M. Cating, who was born June 18, 
1842, in Gallia County, of Irish and Scotch par- 
entage, being a daughter of John and Isabella 
(Rogers) Cating. Her father was an energetic and 
prosperous farmer, .and one who took an active 
part in local affairs. To Mr. and Mrs. Williams 
have been born nine children — Mary 15., .lennie 
C, Cornelia M.. JMiiinctte, Gertrude (who died in 
infancy), Ida L., Alice W., John A. (who died in 
infancy) and Alexander. The mother is a member 
of the Presbyterian Church and a most estimable 

Mr. Williams has made Des Moines his home for 
twenty-nine years, and has watched ils growth 
from a town of four thousand to a city containing 
a population of sixty thousand. With the growth 
of the city his financial interests have also grown. 
He is largely interested in real estate, both in and 



near Des Moines, and handles none save his own 
property. He has been prominentlj- identified with 
the progress of the cit3', has aided in its upbuild- 
ing, and three times lias served as Alderman. Po- 
litically, he is an outspoken Republican. A portrait 
of Mr. "Williams will be found on another page. 

lUSTACE J. COOPH:R,a real-estate and gen- 
eral insurance agent of Des Moines, is one 
^ of the leading citizens of Polk County, and 
by the most prominent men of the community is 
recognized as an important factor in business circles. 

Robert M. Cooper, the father of our subject, was 
a native of England and on reaching manhood 
enlisted in Her Majest3^'s service, in which he 
rose to the rank of colonel. As he was not in ac- 
tive duty during all of the time, lie studied and 
engaged in the practice of law with good success. 
He married ^Nliss Sarah I'. Giles, a native of Tivos- 
took, England, and resided in London until 1835, 
when thei' ba<le good-by to their old home and 
sailed for America with the intention of making 
their home in this country. They landed at Que- 
bec, and while en route for Boston the birtii of our 
subject occurred at Chamlily, in the Province of 
Quebec, Canada, on the 8tli of April, 1835. Thej^ 
at length arrived in Boston and made their home in 
a house on Milk Street where Benjamin Franklin 
was born. Thej' also lived for a time in the Prov- 
ince House, where occurred many events of historic 
importance. The father died while on a visit to 
England in 1839. He was a brother of William 
Cooper, who acted as tutor for Chailes Dickens. 
The mother of our subject long survived her hus- 
band, and died at the riiie old age of eighty-five 
years. In their family were eleven children, six 
sons and five daughters, but only three are now liv- 
ing: Robert, who is a prominent business man of 
Boston; Clara E. and Eustace J. 

Our subject acquired his education in the city 
schools of Boston and in the Greenwood Academy. 
According to the English custom, during his vaca- 
tions he learned the trade of manufacturing trunks 
and valines, lie embarked upon his business career 

in 1850 as an ofHce boy in the banking house of M. 
Bolles & Co., which firm still exists, and rose to be 
chief clerk, which position he retained until he sev- 
ered his connection with the firm in 1866, to engage 
in other pursuits. He belonged to the rifle corps, 
and during the Civil War several times enlisted in 
the arm}', but his employers each time hired a sub- 
stitute rather than lose so valuable a clerk. He 
repaid their kindness in later years, however. It 
will be remembered that on the 17th of March, 
1873, one Spencer 8. Pettis forged a check of 
$10,000 on M. Bolles & Co.. Boston, .and that an 
amateur detective after working carefully for two 
3'ears succeeded in getting into the inner circle of 
the ring and exposing one of the most gigantic 
counterfeiting schemes this country has ever known. 
The man entitled to the honor of that discovery 
was Eustace J. Cooper. So successful was he that 
he not onl}' restored the §10.000 to the banking 
house, but also succeeded in sending Pettis and four 
of his accomplices to the penitentiary. 

On the 15th of Soptemher, 1860, Mr. Cooper 
was united in n_.arriage with Miss Mary P. At- 
kins, a native of Prattville, M.ass., a suburb of 
Boston, and a sister of Charles 11. Atkins, a promi- 
nent contractor of Des INIoines. Tnto them were 
born four children, namely: Mrs. Anna Guernsey'; 
E. Bolles; Gertrude C, who died in infancy, and 
Grace A. 

In 1866 BIr. Cooper removed to Mineral Point, 
Wis., to accept the position of superintendent and 
director of the Mineral Point Mining Comjiany, 
which he acceptably filled for ten and a half years. 
During that time he served four years as Mayor of 
the town and won man}' warm friends whose high 
regard he will ever retain. In 1876 he became 
general traveling agent for the Cedar Rapids A- 
Northwestern Railroad Companj', with headquar- 
ters at Cedar Rapids, and devoted his attention to 
that business until 1880, when he came to Des 
Jloines, since which time he has given the greater 
part of his attention to the real-estate business. He 
has lent a helping hand toward the npl>iiilding and 
improvement of this city and is recognized by all 
as a progressive and [lublic-spirited man, whom 
Des Moines could ill afford to lose. He is largely 
interested in the following coal companies, the 



Iowa Fuel Compan}- and the Star Coal Mining Com- 
pany, of both of. which he is now I'resideut, and is 
receiver for the H. H. (,'reighton estate. lie has 
lieen a Republican since the organization of that 
party, and is connected with four social orders, be- 
ing a Knight Templar Alason, a member of the 
Ancient Order of United Workman, Legion of 
Honor and U. A._0. W. He also holds member- 
ship in the Baptist Church, and his wife is a com- 
municant of tiie Congregational Church. Mr. 
Cooper has secured a goodly share of this world's 
goods as tlie result of his own efforts. As a busi- 
ness man he is enterprising, sagacious and far- 
sighted and in all his dealings he is upright and 
honorable, thus winning the confidence and respect 
of those with whom he has come in contact. 



))■ of the. leading homeopathic physicir-ns and 
surgeons of Iowa, has passed his entire 
professional career in Des Moines, where 
he located in October, 1879. His paternal grand- 
father wa.s descended from one of the early New 
England families, and was a soldier of the Revolu- 
tionary War. He fought at the battle of Bunker 
Hill, and is said \.o have been one of those who 
bore the body of the lamented Warren from that 
blood.v field. 

The father of the.lJoctor is the Rev. S. W. Eaton, 
1). D., a Congregational minister, who was born in 
Boston, Mass., December 25, 1820. He graduated 
from Yale College, and studied theology in And- 
over and at Union Seminary, New York. Leaving 
the East he emigrated to Lancaster, Wis., in 184(i, 
settling in that .State two years before its admission 
into the Union. The following year he returned 
to New York, and was united in marriage with 
Miss Catherine Demorest, a native of Brooklyn, 
born of French Hugeuot ancestr.y, With his j'oung 
bride he then went to Lancaster, where for the 
long period of forty years he had chaige of the 
Congregational Church. He was one of the pio- 
neer preachers of that denomination in Wisconsin, 
and to him in a great measure is due the prosperity 

of the church in that Slate. The high estimation 
in which he was held by the congregation in Lan- 
caster, is evinced by his long continued service, 
which was broken by only one interruption, and 
that of his own making. Feeling that his country 
needed his services during the. late war, he became 
Cha[)lain of. the SeventinVisconsin Infantry.' That 
regiment formed a part of the famous Iron Brigade, 
and as his regiment was the only one in which there 
was a chaplain, he virtually held that position for 
the brigade unlil'the_close[of the war. Theichurch 
which he left when he entered the service would 
not Qll his place in his absence, and so as soon as 
the country'nol longer needed his services^ he re- 
turned to his old Charge, continuing the faithful 
and beloved pastor un'.il age.iwith its. attendant 
infirmities, induced him to accept a position where 
the duties were less arduous. So, bidding good- 
bye to his many, many friends in Lancaster, he ac- 
cepted the j)ast(>rate of a smaller church in Roscoe, 
111., of which he still has charge. 

Tin; Rev. Mr. Eaton was the father of four sons, 
who have followed hisvvise and loving counsel, and 
are filling useful and honorable positions in life. The 
eldest, the Rev. .lames D. Eaton, is a raissionarj' in 
Chihuahua, Mexico. The Rev. Edward D. Eaton, 
D. D., is the able and popular President of Beloit 
College, Wisconsin, having succeeded A. L. Chapin, 
D. D., to that position. He was graduated from that 
institution in the class of 1872, after which he 
studied theology and engaged in pastoral work 
until becoming President of the college; Dr. Sam- 
uel L. Eaton, jtlie third son, is practicing'medicine 
in Newton Ilighland'i, a suburb of Boston, Jl.ass. ; 
while Dr. Charles \V'. conii)letes the family. 

Our subject received his literary education in 
the schools of Lancaster, Wis., [and, then began fit- 
ting himself for the medical profession. In 187.'i 
he attended\a course of lectures in the Hahnemann 
Medical College of Chicngo, after which he i)ur- 
sued his studies in the Homeopathic Medical Col- 
lege of New York, but in 1878, returned to llalinc- 
mann College, from which he graduated the 
following 3'ear. He soon afterward located in Des 
Moines, where he has since pursued his profession 
with excellent .success. Although still a young 
man, his career has been a prosi)erous one. and it is 



no exaggeration to say that he stands at the head of 
iiis profession. The success to which he lias at- 
tained is due to liis untiring industry and his devo- 
tion to the life work whicli lie has chosen. That tlie 
puljiic lias a just appreciation of liis professional 
skill is indicated by his large and growing practice, 
and the prominent place accorded to him by his 
professional brethren. He has made a number of 
valuable contributions to medical science, and is 
the author of a work, published in 1884, entitled 
'•Things Young Men Should Know," which abounds 
in good advice and valuble instruction to youth. 
As a citizen the Doctor is progressive and public- 
spirited, and socially is popular and entertaining. 

]AM1'"S HALL, a retired carpenter and 
builder of Des Moines, is one of the oldest 
citizens of Polk County'. Me was liorn in 
!^^ ©liestcr County, Pa., on the 9th of January, 
1817, and is a son of Aaron and Hannah (Hunt) 
Hall. The mother was a daughter of Joseph Hunt, 
who served as a regular soldier during the Revolu- 
tionar}' War. At Camden he was taken prisoner, 
strip[)ed of his clothing, and with eight other.s 
placed in the hold of a vessel, and before they 
were released live of the number had died. Mr. 
Hunt, however, lived to reach the barracks. 

Aaron Hall, the father of our subject, was a 
native of ]'enns3'lvania, and his wife of Maryland. 
He was a millwright and wagon-maker by trade, 
and followed these two lines of work throughout 
his entire life. In manner he was rather quiet and 
reserved than otherwise, but his upright life won 
him the confidence and respect of all. He removed 
with his family to Ohio in 1817, and after a resi 
(lence in the Buckeye State of thirty years emi- 
grated, in 1848, to Schuyler County, 111., where he 
(lassed to his last rest. The death of his wife occurred 
there in 1850. Their family numbered eight chil- 
dren, but only two are now living — James, of this 
sketch; and Joseph, a resident of California. 

The early boyhood days of our subject were 
passed in Washington County, Ohio, on a farm, 
and ill the district schools of the neighborhood he 

acquired his education. With his father he went 
to Belmont County, Ohio, when nine years old. 
Ill the 3'ear 1833 we find him in Marietta, Ohio, 
employed in a carriage and wagon shop, his wages 
being §1 per day. The following year the factory 
burned down, and in the fire his clothing and all 
of his tools were burned. With a fellow work- 
man he then learned the carpenter's trade, after 
which he entered the employ of Daniels & Null, 
but the firm dissolved partnership and he remained 
with Mr. Null, continuing in his employ for two 
years, when that gentleman fell from a building 
and was killed. Again thrown out of employment, 
jNIr. Hall at length found work with a Mr. Jarvis, 
who was eng.'iged in the construction of a horse 
power threshing machine. 

About this time Mr. Hall was married. On the 
20th of Decemlier, 1840, he was joined in wed- 
lock with Miss Maria Burlinganie, a native of 
Massachusetts and a daughter of James and Nancy 
Burlingame, who were also born in the Bay State. 
Removing to Ohio when their daughter was a 
young lady, they settled in Marietta. Here Mr. 
and Mrs. Hall conlinued to make their home until 
1844, when they removed to Findle}% Hancock 
County, Ohio, where Mr. Hall worked at the mill- 
wright's trade until 1848. In the fall of that year 
he emigrated to Farmington, Iowa. 

Since INIay, 1849, Mr. Hall has been a lesidentof 
Des Moines. After many days of travel, on the 
10th of that month, he reached a little hamlet com- 
posed of a few scattered log cabins along the river, 
and a military garrison. The place was called Ft. 
Des Moines, and at that time gave little promise of 
the present advanced position which it occupies. 
Not long afterward, however, emigration rapidly 
increased, and our subject found ample opportunity 
for displaying his skill as a carpenter. Being an 
excellent workman, his services were greatly in 
demand, and in connection with that business he 
also worked at his trade of a millwright. Few have 
aided more in the upbuilding of the capital city 
or have been more prominentl}' identified with its 
development. Many i>f the important business 
houses and residences have been erected under his 
care and supervision, and stand as monuments of 
his industry and skill. Among these was the First 



Presbyterian Church in the city. Industrious and 
energetic liy nature, he gave his entire attention to 
his business, andtliereby accumulated a liand- 
sonie competence, which enables him now to lay 
aside all business cares and spend his declining 
years in retirement. 

I5ut one child was born to Mr. and Blrs. Ilall, a 
daughter, Nancy, who was born in tliis city and is 
now the wife of Charles J. Hammer, one of the 
well-to-do citizens of Des Moines. The wife and 
mother was called to her final rest on the 4th of 
February, 1X8"). An estimable lady, her loss vvas 
dee|)ly felt outside of iier immediate family, for 
wide was her circle of friends and acquaintances. 

Mr. Hall is recognized as one of the representa- 
tive citizens of Des Moines, and certainly no one 
deserves more credit for the progress made by the 
city than he. He has not only been a witness of 
its wonderful growth, but has also been an active 
participant in its development. He is one of the 
the few survivors of the first brass band of Des 
Moines. In politics, he is liberal in views, support- 
ing the man and principles rather than the party. 



President of the College of Letters and 

HI, Science, of Drake University, was born in 

^ i^ Athens, Menard County. III., September 5, 

1860, and is the only ('liild of Ezra and Meliuda 
(Hall) Ayleswortli. He traces his ancestry back 
to a remote period. In Oliver Cromwell's army 
served five brothers, vvho at the restoration emi- 
grated to America. From them has sprung a num- 
erous [losterity, some retaining the original spelling 
of the name, -A.ylesworth, whileothers liavt' changed 
it to Ellsworth. 

The grandfather of our subject, Hiram Ayles- 
wortli, a native of New York, became one of the 
l)ioneer settlers of Trumbull County, Ohio, and 
amiil the privations and disadvantages incident to 
life in a new country, reared a family of four sons. 
One of that numlier, Ezra, inherited the martial 
spirit of his English ancestors. In the early days 
of his manhood, he emigrated to Menard County, 

111., where he became acquainted with, and married 
Miss Hall, a native of that State, and granddaugh- 
ter of Thomas Hall, an estimable Virginian, of 
French Huguenot and German descent. Her par- 
ents, Fleming and Susan (Tice) Hail, removed 
to Illinois just before '-the winter of the deep 
snow." The father is still living at the very ad- 
vanced age of ninet3'-five years, and retains his 
mental and physical povvers to a remarkable degree. 
He may well be proud of the family which he 
reared, three sons especially being deserving o'f men- 
tion: Clayborn is an emiuL-nt ministerof the Chris- 
tian Church; .Toel, a well-known druggist, was 
reporter for the Smithsonian Institute on Western 
Meteorology; Elihu gained a world-wide re|)iitation 
as a botanist. Without text book he began the 
study amid the luxuriant flora of Illinois, and .so 
ardently did he devote himself to the subject as 
found in nature, that he called "the Thoreauof 
the West." He soon took rank among the first 
botanists of the United States, and among his 
friends and correspondents was numbered the 
noted Asa Gray. At his death his vast herbarium 
became the legacj' of the Stale. He also achieved 
distinction in the sciences, enlomolog3' and con- 
chology. His death was brought on by exposure 
in the ardent pursuit of the subject to which lie was 
so closely wedded. 

After locating in Illinois, Ezra Ayleswortli fol- 
lowed farming until the breaking out of the war, 
when, feeling that his country needed his services, 
he bade good-by to his 3'oung wife and infant son, 
and offered his services to the Government. Act- 
ing as captain, he was killed while leading ids com- 
pany at the battle of Chickamaugua. His widow 
survived him eleven years. 

lieing left an orphan (his father dying when he 
was three years ohl, and his mother during his four- 
teenth year), Prof. Ayleswortli went to live with 
an uncle, who became his guardian, am! took an 
active interest in his education. In 1879, lie was 
graduated from Eureka College, of Eureka, III., 
with the degree of A. ?>., and afterward took a pest 
graduate course in Bethany College in N'irginia, 
receiving the degree of A. M. in 1880. Tiic fol- 
lowing year the same degree was conferred upon 
him by his Alma Mater. Upon leaving IJetliany, 



he aeceptpd a call as pastor of the Christian Church 
in Peoria, III., where he diil noble work. Imilding 
up the congrciiation and p.aying' off its indebted- 
ness. In the summer of 1881, he pursued a course 
in the Concord School of Philosophy, where he was 
enriciied by contact with such m-ster minds as 
William T. Harris, A. B. Alcott. Dr. C. A. Bartol, 
.lulia Ward Howe, and others scarcely less distin- 
guished. Returning to Illinois, he took charge of 
the church in Atlantic, which under his ministry 
had a healthful growth. While in tliat city, he was 
united in marriage with Miss Georgia M. Shores, 
and unto them has been born a son, Merlin H. Af- 
ter a pastorate of two years in Atlantic, Prof. Ayles- removed to his farm for improvement and 
for (piiet study. In the spring of 1884, he accepted 
a call from the church in Abingdon, 111., where he 
remained until the fall of 1885, when he became 
pastor of the Church of Christ, of Cedar Ra|)ids. 
Iowa. That congregation was young and full of 
vitality, and during the four years he labored with 
them, the numerical strength was more than doubled. 
That is now the Banner Missionary Church of the 
Brotherhood in Iowa. While in Cedar Rapids, he 
found diversion in leading a philosophy club com- 
posed of the best thinkers of the city, professors, 
doctors, lawyers, and others, and in editing tiie 
Book Shelf, a monthly devoted to reviews of books 
and literary productions in general. 

In 1889, Prof. Aylesworth, quite unexpectedly 
to himself, was called to his present position as 
President of the College of Letters and Science and 
Professor of Mental and Moral Science. He is mak- 
ing a special effort to broaden the work in litera- 
ture and [ihilosophy, and his work thus far has given 
excellent satisfaction. He has perhaps the must ex- 
tensive private library in the city, containing over 
fifteen hundred volumes. Socially, he is a Knight 
Templar Mason, and while in College was a mem- 
ber of the Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. In his politi- 
cal views, he is broad and liberal, th(jugh thoroiighly 
in sympathy- with the [n-inciples of prohibition. 
The faculty of Drake University is composed of 
some of the best educators of the country, not the 
least of whom is Prof. Aylesworth. 1 le has achieved 
grand success for one so young. Ripe in scholar- 
ship, he is also an accomplished speaker, but his 

oriatorial powers were acquired. Until his second 
3'ear in college he was seldom called upon to recite 
in public because of an impediment in his speech, 
but by constant care and practice, he develoiicd a 
rich, clear, full tenor voice. We close this Iirief 
sketch without eulogy, knowing that the high po- 
sition which President Aylesw<n'tli liolds in one of 
the first universities in the State, is a better and 
higher compliment to his ability than any words of 
ours could express. He has the distinction of be- 
ing the youngest college President in the I'nited 
States. Of Prof. Aylesworth, one who has known 
him intimatelj', says: "while he is progressive in 
his trend of thought, and familiar with every ad- 
vance movement in religion, science or philosophy, 
he yet holds always with unyielding grasp to the 
great primary truths of the gospel ; like the artist 
who never leaves the primary colors of nature, how- 
ever lofty his conception; or the musician who 
never forsakes the eight notes, though desiring and 
seeking an almost endless v.ariation within their 

^,, AV. SMOUSE, M. D., has been a member of 
the medical fraternity of I)es Moines since 
November I, 187S). He was born in the 
: city of Cumberland. Md., but when a lad he re- 
moved to Baltimore, where he grew to manhood. 
His father. John I. Smouse, continued to reside in 
Cumberland until his death, and his mother is still 
a resident of that city. His paternal grandfather 
was one of the early settlers of Cumberland, and 
the family has been prominentl}' identified with 
that section of the State. The family to which 
our subject belongs numbered five children, four 
sous and one daughter, of whom he was the eldest. 
Dr. Smouse received an excellent literary educa- 
tion in the schools of Baltimore and, having made 
choice of the medical profession as the one he 
wished to make his life work, he entered the Uni- 
versity of Maiyland, graduating from the medical 
dejjartment of that institution in February, 187G. 
He then entered the hospital connected with the 
university, where he remained two years. That 
proved an excellent training school to him. On 



severing liis connection with the University, lie 
came to Iowa, settling in Monroe, Jasper County, 
wliere he opened an offiee and continued in prac- 
tice until his removal to Des Moines, on the 1st of 
November, 1879. In the ten years of liis residence 
in this city lie has built up an excellent practice. 
lie is a gentleman of culture and possesses the con- 
fidence and esteem of his fellow citizens, both 
professionally and otlierwise. His excellent edu- 
cational advantages, in addition to his natural 
aptitude for the profession, have made him an ex- 
pert phj'fician, and as he makes his profession a 
study, he is always abreast of the times. In 
manner he is genial and courteous, and possesses 
that delicate consideration and attention so neces- 
sar3' in a sick room. 

One of the most important events in tlie life of 
Dr. Smouse occurred in Waterloo, Iowa, on the 
4th of October, 1881, when he led to the marriage 
altar Miss Amanda Cummings. This lady is a na- 
tive of Ohio, and like her husliand has many warm 
friends in Des Moines, by whom she is higlily es- 

KUBEN J. YOl'TZ. In looking abroad over 
'ic the home of our subject, who is a promi- 
nent farmer of Bloomfield Township, resid- 
^'^ing on section 26, we everywhere see evi- 
dences of thrift and enterprise, which are marked 
characteristics of the owner. His possessions con- 
sist of two hundred acres of arable land, a commo- 
dious and substantial residence, one of the best 
barns in the county, and an excellent grade of 
stock of all kinds. Indeed it is a model farm. 
Tlie land has been divided into fields which are 
well tilled, the latest machiner3' has been procured 
to aid in the labor of its cultivation, and every 
necessary improvement is there found. 

Mr, Yuutz was born in Stark County, Ohio, on 
the 2;3d of November, 1834, and traces his ances- 
try back to Switzerland. His father, Joshua Youtz, 
was born in Pennsylvania, but in the early days of 
Ohio became a resident of the Buckeye State, where 
he carried on shoemaking and farming for many 
years. He wedded Miss Esther Hosier, also a na- 

tive of Pennsylvania, and unto them were born 
nine children, seven of whom are yet living — losiah 
S., Hiram L., John B., Reuben J., Simon E.. Me- 
linda E. and Addison 11. The motlicrof iliis fam- 
ily was called to her final rest in 1867, at the age 
of fifty -seven years, dying a number of years pre- 
vious to the death of her husband, which occurred 
in 1884, at the age of eighty-two years. 

While a lad our subject was permitted to attend 
the public schools of his native State during the 
winter months, but as his services were needed upon 
the farm during the summer season, his educational 
advantages were necessarily somewhat limited. 
Not content with the knowledge he had acquired, 
however, after attaining to mature years he at- 
tended high grades of schools, and has also greatly 
supplemented his early education by subsecfuent 
reading and observation. On leaving home, at the 
age of twent3'-one years, he began tc'aching school, 
which profession he followed during the winter for 
a number of jears, and in the summer engaged in 
farm work. In 1801 he determined to devote his 
energies to some other pursuit, and embarked in 
the furniture business, but the war breaking out 
about that time he concluded he could not make a 
success in that line and so resumed teaching. In 
the spring of 1862 he rented a f;uin. but in the fall 
of the same year became a member of Company- 1, 
Nineteenth Ohio Infantry. The recruits were or- 
dered to report at Camp Mansfield, Ohio, where 
they were equipped for duty and sent to Louisville, 
Ky., whence they proceeded to Bowling Green, 
where they remained in camp for about six weeks. 
They then marched to Nashville, and later joined 
the Army of the Cumberland at Murfrcesboro. 
where they remained in camp for about six months, 
during which time they did scouting and garrison 
duly, and guarded the rear of the army and the 
provisions and ammunition. Their time having ex- 
pired on thnr arrival at Tulahoraa. Mr. Youtz re- 
ceived his discharge, and returned home to once 
more resume the daily toils of life. 

On account of ill health, the result of exposure 
and privations in the army, our subject was unalde 
to engage in teaching the following winter, but in 
the following spring resumed work upon his farm. 
In the winter of 1863 a volunteer militia company 



was formed near his home, of which Mr. Youtz was 
I'leeled Caiitaiii, and in llie spring of 18(jt, word 
was received from Fncle Sam to report at Camp 
Chase, Colnmbus, Ohio, where they were mustered 
into service, joining the Army of the Tennessee. 
AI)Out tliis time Gen. Price was maliing liis raid 
through Kentucky, and a force, of which tlie com- 
pany commanded liy our subject was a part, was 
ordered to arrest liis progress, wliicii they did. after 
which tliey went into camp at Covington, Ivy., 
doing garrison dutv until September, 18G4, wlien 
they were again discliarged from the service. 

Capt. Youtz continued to mulcc his home in 
Ohio until the spring of 1865, when following the 
course of human emigration which was steadily 
drifting Westward, he landed in Des INIoines, where 
he spent the following summer. He then purchased 
eighty acres in Bloomlield Townshi|), cultivating it 
until 1873, when he purchased one hundred and 
sixty acres of wild land, constituting a part of his 
present fine farm. To this he has added by suljse- 
quent purchase, until, as before stated, two hundred 
acres pay tribute to his care and cultivation. He 
began life a poor man, but is now ranked among 
the well-to-do citizens of the county. He cer- 
tainly deserves great credit for his success, which 
is the result of his own efforts, aided only by those 
of the loved wife who has now passed awa^'. 
Though the greater part of his attention has been 
devoted to his business inten.'sts, he has yet found 
time to serve the public in divers ways, including 
tlie discharge of various official unties as a town- 
ship officer. He is a firm adherent of the principles 
of tlie Republican part}', which he has supported 
with his ballot since its organization, and keeps 
himself well informed on all the leading issues of 
the day. 

In 18G0 Mr. Youtz led to the marriage altar 
JNIiss Ilairiet Miller, and their union was blessed 
with six children: Minnie, who is now the wife of 
William Mitchell, a resident of Bloomfield Town- 
ship;. Lewis A., Ella E., Arthur W., Homer F. and 
Chauncey A., who are still with their father. Mr. 
Youlz has ever been a warm friend of education, 
and intends his children shall have the best 
advantages in that direction. Two of them are now 
attending college, the daughter pursuing a musical 

course, and the son a scientific course, which he 
will complete in 18i)0. L. A. is also a graduate of 
the elocutionary department. On the 22d of No- 
vember, 1886, Mrs. Youtz departed this life. She 
was a kind frieml and neighbor, a loving and 
faithful wife and mother, and a sincere Christian 
woman. Her beauty of character and man}' excel- 
lencies won the love of all, and her loss was deeply 
regretted by nianj- warm friends, as well as her 
immediate family. Mr. Youtz was again married, 
in A|)ril. 188!), to Mrs. Martha A. Badley, an 
estimable lady, who for some time has been a resi- 
dent of this county. They have one child, an 
infant. The Youtz household is noted for its hos- 
pitalit}', and our subject and his wife hohl a high 
position in the social world. 

'IIOMAS F. KELLEHER, M. D.. a practicing 
physicia.n of Des Moines, has made his homo 
in Iowa since 1868, and engaged in 
practice in this citj' since 1885. He was born in 
Lawrence, Mass., February 5, 1855, and is a son of 
John and Elizabeth (Ludgate) Kelleher, who emi- 
grated to the Ilawkeye State in 18P8, settling in 
Iowa City. The death of the father occurred 
twenty years later, but the mother is still living, 
and makes her home in Fonda, Iowa. 

The subject of this sketch. Dr. Thomas F. Kel- 
leher, accompanied his parents to Iowa when a lad 
of thirteen j'cars. He was educated in the State 
University of Iowa Cit}'. graduating from the medi- 
cal department of that institution in the class of 
1878. He established himself in practice at Bev- 
ington, Madison County, Iowa, whence he removed 
to Fonda, Pocahontas County, where he remained 
engaged in the practice of his chosen profession 
until 1885, when, as before stated, he located in 
this eily. 

In the month of May, 1886, Dr. Kelleher led to 
the marriage altar Miss Annie Cunningham, daugh- 
ter of John Cunningham, the wedding being cele- 
brated in Madison Count}-. The lady was born and 
reared in the county where her marri.age occurred, 
her parents having there settled at an early day. 





Tlie Doctoi' and Mrs. Kellehcr are the happy par- 
ents of two children, a son and daugliter — .Jolin and 
Mary — who shed sunshine througli their home by 
their liright presence. 

Tlie Doctor and his wife are devoted members of 
the Catholic Church of Des Moines, and in political 
sentiment he is a Democrat, having supported that 
party since attaining his majority. He is a mem- 
ber of the Polk County Medical Societj', and also 
the State Medical Society. He is well skilled in 
his profession, and although his residence in Des- 
Moines covers only the short period of five years, 
he lias succeeded in building up a good practice, as 
the people recognize his ability and are willing to 
acknowledge it by a liberal patronage. 


, OHX M. OTIS, an early settler of Iowa, now 
engaged in the insurance business in Des 
Moines, was born in Tunkhannock, Wyom- 
ing County, Pa., on the 22d of May, 1822, 
and is a son of Charles and Jerusha (Marcy) Otis. 
His father, a native of Massachusetts, was descended 
from Puritan ancestors, the family dating its origin 
in New England back to 1630. His most distin- 
guished ancestor was Col. John Otis, who was born 
in Bingham, IMass., in 1G.57, settled at Barnstable 
on Cape Cod, and re|)resented that town for twenty 
yenis in the General Court. He commanded the 
county militia, was Chief .Justice of Common Pleas, 
was the first Judge of Probate of Barnstable Count\-, 
and Counselor from 1700 until his death, which oc- 
curred on the 23d of Sei)tember, 1727. He was the 
father of Judge James Otis, also a man of note in 
his d.-i\'. 

Mrs. Otis, the mother of the subject of this 
sketch, was born in Dutchess County, N. Y.. while 
tlie family was sojourning there after the massacre 
of Wyoming, and was the daughter of Zebnm Marcy, 
who was an inmate of Forty Fort of the Wyoming 
\'alley at the time it was captured by the Tories 
and Indians, July 1, 1778. Great cruelties were 
there perpetrated, the whole region was burned over 
and devastated, and many other wrongs inflicted 
upon tiie settlers. The fe^v families escaped, and 

lied to the Delaware River, where they subsisted 
among friendly families until the close of the war. 
After the close of hostilities the families returned 
and again took possession of their lands, which had 
fallen into the hands of the Tories. Mr. Marcy 
served as captain of a company of the United 
States troops, and was, through mistake, a special 
object of hatred on the part of the Tories. He be- 
longed to the same family of which Gen. Randolph 
B. Marcy and Gov. Marcy were members. 

The parents of our subject came to the West in 
July 1838, locating in Marengo. McHenry County, 
111., where both died at about the age of eighty 
years. John H. accompanied them on their re- 
moval to that State, and spent four years in ■Mar- 
engo, after which he went to Lancaster. Grant 
County, Wis., where he was engaged in the mercan- 
tile business from 1842 until 18o2. when he went 
to California. The gold excitement attracted him 
as it did man^- others, and he started for the Pacific 
Coast, going by the New York and Isthmus route. 
He engaged in mining for live years, and at the ex- 
piration of that time returned to his home in 1857. 
The following year he became a resident of Iowa, 
locating in Bentonsport, where he was engageil in 
the forwarding, commission and produce business. 
When the railroad was completed to Eddyville, he 
removed to that place, whence he came to Des 
Moines in 1866, and pursued his former line of 
business, also carrying a stock of agricultural im- 
plements, until 1876. since which time he has been 
engaged in the insurance business. He represents 
several of the leading companies in that line, in- 
cluding the ^Ktna Life, the Uockford.of Illinois, 
Gerinan.of Illinois. Rochester German of Rochester, 
the Empire State, the Peoples, of New Hampshire, 
the Long Island, of New York, and others. 

One of the most important events in the life of 
Mr. Otis occurred in Farmingham. Mass., July 18, 
184!i, when he led to the hymeneal altar. Miss 
S. Georgana Eaton, daughter of Eban and .Sarah 
Eaton. She was born in Farmingham, as were also 
her father ami grandfather, and hers was an old 
family of New Hampshire. Mr. Otis and his wife 
are communicants of the Congiegalionnl Church, 
to which the lady has belonged since her lliirteentb 
year, and tlie husband for the past forty years. He 



has filled the offices of Deacon and Trustee, and has 
served as Secretary of the church for ten or twelve 
years. Six children have been born to this worthy 
couple, four of whom are now living: Catherine 
G., who is the wife of D. O. Eshbaugh, of New 
York City; William Eaton, who married Miss Daisy 
Robbing, and is a real-estate dealer of Kansas City; 
Charles D., who is living at Lake Arthur, in south- 
western Louisiana; Genevieve is at home; Lizzie, 
who died at the age of nineteen years; and Nellie, 
who died in infanc_v. 

In politics, Mr. Otis wa« a "Whig in early life, 
and voied for William Henry Harrison for Presi- 
dent in 1840. He joined the Reimblican party at 
its organization, nnd still gives it his support. 
While a resident of Lancaster, Wis., he served as 
Postmaster for several 3-cars under appointment of 
President Tjier. Mr. Otis, is a genial, courteous 
gentleman, whose course in life has lieen an upright 
one, whereliy he has gained the respect and esteem 
of those with whom he has had business or social 

— J- 


^ H N MILLER KNIGHT, the pioneer 
wholesale and retail dealer in millinery of 
Des Moines, established business in this city 
in 186.5. in comp.iny with his brother, R. A. 
Knight, under the firm name of Knight Bros., 
wholesale and retail dealers in drv-goods and mil- 
linery. That connection continued until 1875, 
when our subject became the sole proprietor, and 
has since continued alone in business. 

Mr. Knight was liorn in Dammerston, Windham 
County, Vt., on the 28th of August, 1836, and is 
tiie son of the Hon. Asa and Susan (.Aliller) Knight. 
His father was the sou of Joel and Estlier Knight, 
and was born in Dammerston, Vt., February' 28, 
1793. The Knight faniil3' was founded in Ameiica 
about 1730 by two brothers who emigrated from 
England and settled in Worcliester, Mass. The 
first native-born American of the family was Jon- 
athan Knight, Sr., great-grandfather of our subject, 
who was born in Worcester, Mass., January 3, 
1732, and married Tamas Russell, by whom he had 
several children. His death occurred March 13, 

1819, in the eighty-eighth year of his age. His 
son Joel, is the grandfather of John M. 

Hon. Asa Knight, on the 1st of May, 1822, was 
united in marriage with Miss Susan Miller, a daugh- 
ter of John and Polly (Davenport) Miller, and a 
native of Dammerston. She was born October 22, 
1796, and died in July, 1885, at the age of eighty- 
nine years. She was of Scotch descent, and her 
family was noted among the early Colonists of 
New England, who dated their settlement from 
1660. Rlrs. Miller is of the sixth generation from 
Levv Miller, who was born in Edinburg, Scotland, 
in 1613. The second in descent was James IMiller, 
son of the above, who was born in Edinburg in 
1640. His son, Isaac Miller, was born in Charles- 
town, Mass., and Isaac Miller, Jr., born in Concord, 
Mas.s., in 1708, was of the fourth generation. John 
Miller was the fifth in direct descent and was born 
in Dammerston, Vt., in 1751. He was the father of 
Susan Knight, and the grandfather of the subject 
of this sketch. The Miller family of Vermont 
numbered manj' influential citizens of that State 
among its members, and especially were they prom- 
inently connected with the history of Dammers- 

The Hon. Asa Knight was a prominent and lead- 
ing citizen of his native town, where he followed 
merchandising as a vocation. In 1824 he removed 
with his family to Newfane, of the same State, 
where he served several years as Deputy Sheriff. 
In 1830 he was elected to the Vermont Legislature 
and being twice re-elected, served until 1836. Dur- 
ing the years of 1831, 1835 and 1836, he was Judge 
of the Probate Court, and discharged the duties of 
that olliee with aliilily and fidelity. 

We now come to tlie immediate history of our 
subject. John Miller Knighl received .an academic 
education, and was initiated into the in\'steries of 
mercantile life in his father's store, which he en- 
tered when but twelve years of age. Afterward 
he sold dry-goods in Brattleboro, Vt., eight years 
for Fisher & Haven, after which he emigrated to 
Des Moines, Iowa, in 1863, via Marshalllown, 
Iowa, then the end of the railroad, and from there 
to Des Moines by stage, there being no railroad 
into Des Moines at that time. The poi)ulation of 
Des Moines was then about five thousand. In 


May, 1.S61, he joined quite a pai'tj' bound for the 
gold iiiiiies of Montana and Idaho, equipped with 
ox teams and Indian ponies, and taliing a stoclc of 
miner's nierchandise. Tlie}- took the Nortii Platte 
route til rough the Sioux country. The Sioux Indians 
were very treacherous, and on the war path at that 
time, and but for the fact that they had cs.ttle, would 
have had trouble, but they only wanted horses or 
mules. At South Pass they took what was known 
as the Sanders' cut-off on the Oregon Trail, being 
one hundred and nineteen days in reaching Mr- 
ginia City. Mont. The mining interests of that re- 
gion w°re then attracting much attention, but the 
Indians were liostile and traveling was hazardous. 
From Virginia City Mr. Knigtit m.ade his way to 
what is now the city of Helena, but then known 
as " tlie last chance gulch," where placer gold 
mining was the attraction. But two houses had 
been built at that time. Mr. Knight erected sev- 
eral others, and also engaged in prospecting. One 
year later ho went to Salt Lake City, where he 
spent the winter, and in 18G5 he returned to Des 
Moines. On his return the part^' was attacked by 
the Sioux Indians near Ft. Bridge, and lost some 
slock. Arriving at Denver, Col., then a small 
town, he took the stage for Des Moines, a distance 
of seven hundred and fifty miles. On reaching 
Des Moines he purchased the interest of C. W. 
Keyes, of the firm of Keyes & Knight, and engaged 
in th(i wholesale and retail dry-goods and millinery 
l)usiness, under the firm name of Knight Bros., 
near the corner of Fourth Street and Court Ave- 
nue, where he remained until 18S0, when he re- 
moved to No. 227 Fourth Street, his |)resent place 
of business. 

At Niagara Falls, N. Y., on the 4th of Septem- 
ber, 1873, Mr. Knight wedded Jliss Ellen Frances 
Rice, who was liorn in Massachusetts, and removed 
to New York with her parents in childhood. Her 
father was Dr. W. B. Rice, and she is a niece of 
.ludge liyron Ri<;e, of Des Moines. Four children 
have been born unto them, three daughters and a 
son; the last named, .Tohn Rice, died at the age of a 
year and a lialf. The daughters are Frances R., 
Susan and Helen. 

In politics Mr. Knight is a Democrat, as his 
father wns before him, but he has never desired 


public office, as his business requires his undivided 
attention. The great brotherhood of Masons claims 
him as a member, and he still retains his membership 
in Golden Rule" Lodge, No. 32, A. F. A: A. M., of 
Putney, Vt., also in Ft. Dummer Chapter, R. A. 
M., of Brattleboro, Vt., and is a member of Tem- 
ple Commandery, K. T., of Des Moines. He is 
the oldest established wholesale and retail dealer in 
millinery in this city, his operations in that line 
covering a period of a quarter of a century. Diir- 
ingall these years of business and social intercourse 
with the people of Des Moines, and vicinity, Mr. 
Knight has won a reputation for integrity, fair and 
upright business methods, and a genial, courteous 
manner that has secured him a host of warm and 
tried friends. 

ARK E. GLIDDEN, attorney at-law, of 
Des Moines, was born in St. Albans, Somer- 
set County, Jle., December 8, 18.59, and 
is a son of Calvin S. and Olive (Stewart) 
Gliddeii. His family on both sides dales its origin 
in America back to the early settlement of the 
New England Colonies. His father's ancestors 
came with that historic party on the "Maj'flowei," 
while his mother's people were only a few genera- 
tions later. 

Almost the entire life of our subject been 
passed in this State, having been brought by his 
parents to Iowa, in 1862, when onl}' three years 
old. The family settled in Winneshiek County, 
where Mark was reared, and where he received his 
primary education in the district schools. L.ater 
he attended the high school in Winona, Minn., 
from which he was graduated, in the class of 1881. 
He then entered ^Villiams College, at Williamslown, 
Mass., and after a four j'ears course was graduated 
from that institution, in the class of 1885. He then 
came to Des Moines and engaged in the study of 
law, under the direction of .T. K. Macomber, the 
present county attorney, and was admitted to the 
bar in May, 1888, since which time he has been in 
active practice at Des Moines. His ability, both 
natural and acquired, are such as to command 



respect" and attract attention, and he is recognized 
as a young lawyer of much promise and superior 
culture. He is quick in thought, his arguments 
are logical and convincing, and ere manj' years 
liave passed he will no doubt occupy a prominent 
place at the Polk County bar. In political senti- 
ment he is a supporter of the Re|niblican party. 

Mr. Glidden lost his parents when young, his 
fatiier dying when IMark was l)ut nine years of age, 
and tiie mother when he was a lad of sixteen. He 
lost a brother during the late war, but has four 
sisters yet living. 


^^^' Mayor of Des Moines, was born in Colum- 
biana County, Ohio, on the .')th of October, 

(^p 1811. his parents Ijeing .Tames H., and Ann 
Carpenter. His father was born in Lancaster, Pa., 
in 1815, and in 1844. removed to Pitislnirg, where 
he engaged in manufacturing for ten years, when 
he liecame a resident of Dubuque County. Iowa, 
where he pursued the occu|iation of farming. Later 
he went with his family to Llack Hawk County, 
where he and his wife still reside. The subject of 
this sketch was a lad of thirteen years when he ac- 
companied the family to Iowa. He was educated 
in P^pworth Seminar^-, and at the Pittsburg High 
School, and on the 22d of August, 1 8G2, enlisted as 
a member of Com[)any G, 32(l Iowa Infantry, of 
which he was commissioned Second Lieutenant, and 
later promoted to be Adjutant. His service was 
principally in the West, and led to his partici|)a- 
tiim in the following named Ijattles: that of Cape 
(lirardeau. Mo., ISayou Mcto, P't. DeRusse}-, Pleas- 
ant Hill, Crucheyville, Bayou LaMoir, Marksville, 
Yellow Bayou. Tupelo, Miss., Nashville, Tenn., 
Old Town Creek, and Ft. l>lakcly. Mo. He was 
mustered ('Ut August 25, 1.S65, having faithfully 
served his country for three years. During his 
long service in the malarial districts of Arkansas 
and Louisiana, his health became seriousl}- impaired 
and it was not until three years had elapsed after 
his return to the North, that he full)' recovered. 
Mr. Carpenter was married on the 2Gth of Sep- 

tember, 1865, to Miss Estella C. Dickerson, the 
wedding being celebrated in Dubuque, Iowa. The 
lady was born in Columbia County, N. Y., and is 
a daughter of the Rev. Josiali Dickerson. By[their 
union have been born nine children, seven sons and 
two daughters — William McKindon, James Samp- 
son, George Erasmus, Edwin Stanton, Lockwood 
Dickerson, Hamilton, Estella Ann, Mary Fr.anees, 
and Donald Scroggy. Soon after his marriage, Mr. 
Carpenter engaged in farming near Waterloo, Iowa, 
and became an active member of the Grange. He 
was elected Secretary and Purchasing Agent of the 
State Grange, and held that position from 1875 un- 
til 1878. In 1875 he came to Des Moines and es- 
tablished a barb wire factor)' in opposition to a 
combination that controlled the manufacture and 
sale of that article. He manufactured for the 
Grange, and successfully carried on the business 
until 1887. 

In political sentiment, ilr. Carpenter was a sup- 
porter of the Republican party until 1872, when he 
joined the Independent movement, and has since 
worked with the opposition. He was the Demo- 
cratic candidate for Congress in 1886, and though 
defeated, had the satisfaction of knowing that he 
ran three hundred votes ahead of his party ticket. 
In March, 1888, he was elected Mayor in a Repub- 
lican city, and has proved a competent and faith- 
ful officer. During Mr. Carpenter's administration, 
substantial and extensive impiovcments have been 
projected and carried forward to a successful com- 
pletion. Socially, he is a member of Crocker Post, 
No. 12, G. A. R. ; Home Lodge, No. 370, A. F. & 
A. M.; the Ancient Order of United Workmen; and 
the V. A. S., all of Des Moines. Mr. and Mrs. 
Carpenter are members of the Wesleyan Methodist 
Episcopal Church, of East Des Moines. 


lir^ AVID NORRIS, a retired farmer of Des 
Moines has resided in Polk County since 
the Territorial daj's of Iowa, his resi- 
dence dating from 1845. He was born 
in Frederick County, Md., on the 3d of August, 
1801, and is at the present writing in his eighty- 



ninth year. His father, George Norris. was a na- 
tive of Scotland, but when an infant, was brought 
b}' his parents to America. lie was a miller by 
trade, and in the prime of life was injured by a 
water-wheel of the mill so seriously, that death re- 
sulted. His wife was in her maidenhood Miss Julia 
Ann Logan, and her family was of German descent. 
She survived her husband about forty years, and 
cared for her children uulil they were able to earn 
their own livelihood and depend upon their own re- 
sources. The family- consisted of six chik'.ren. three 
sons and three daughters, but only three are now 
living: Maria, now ;\Irs. Beck, is a resident of Day- 
ton, Ohio; William died a number of j'ear.s ago; 
George, who is also deceased; Mrs. Harriet Snj'der 
is a resident of Dayton, Ohio; Charlotte, who be- 
came the wife of Mr. Motto, died in Da3'ton. 

Our subject spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth upon his father's farm, and throughout his 
business career followed agricultural pursuits. His 
mother removed to Dayton, when he was a child. 
and in Montgomery Count}-, Ohio, on the 23d of 
September, i!S28, having attained to mature years, 
he was united in ranrriage with Miss Catherine 
Hilderbrand, a native of Allegheny County, Pa., and 
a daughter of James and P^lizabcth Hilderbrand. 
who removed to Montgomery Count}-, Ohio, in an 
early day. In 1839, Mr. Norris and his wife became 
residents of Johnson Count}-, Ind., where they 
dwelt until becoming residents of Polk County, 
Iowa, in the year 1845. The first settlement which 
Mr. Norris made was at Saylor Grove, on what is 
now the county farm. He improved that place, 
and made it his home for ten years, when he sold 
out and removed to the city of Des Moines. He 
obtained the position of crier in the county. State, 
Supreme and United States Courts, which position 
he held for years, but resigned the three (irst-namcd 
when, in 18G8, he n^sumed farm labor. He pur- 
chased land in Bloomfield Township, on which he 
lived until 1884, when in consequence of his ad- 
vanced age, he could no longer operate his farm, 
and, selling out, returned to Des Moines. He pur- 
chased his land for §50 per acre, and on dis|)0sing 
of it sold at an increase of ■'JlOO per acre. He 
was one of the leading agriculturists of this sec- 
tion of the State, and, possessing all the elements 

essential to success, his career as a fanner was a 
prosperous one. Although he resigned his position 
as caller in three courts, he filled that position in 
the I'nited Stales Court until 1888, covering a 
period of thirty -two years. He is one of the oldest 
and one of the earliest citizens of Des Moines, and 
is respected and esteemed by all who know him. 
He has led a useful and upright life, and may now 
look liack over the past with no regret for unim- 
proved opportunities and time illy spent. 

The family of Mr. ruid Mrs. Norris inchules only 
two children, daugliters: Elizabeth, who is now the 
widow of Benjamin Saylur. ;nid Eve, wife of Thomas 

t. ANIEL B. REES., M. D., of Des Moines, was 
I born in Vermillion County, 111., May 19, 
1824, and is the son of Thomas and Sarah 
(Ilaworth) Kees. His father, a A'irginian by birth, 
removed to Clinton, Ohio, in early life, and was 
there married, after which he engaged in farming. 
Later he left the Buckeye .State and became a res- 
ident of White River, Ind.. when e, in 1.S20, here- 
moved to Vermillion t'ounty. 111. He was one of 
the earliest (Moneers of that region and (•ontinue<l 
to make his home in that county until 184C, when 
he emigrated with his family to Polk County, 
Iowa, using ox-teams and wagons as a means of 
transportation. Arriving in Polk County on the 
1st of Jnne of that year, they found Iowa's capital 
to be a small military post called Et. Des Moines. 
Mr. Rees settled on what was subsequently known 
as the "sis mile strip," which, in January. 1853, 
was separated from Polk County and attached to 
Warren County. The death of his wife occurred in 
1848, and he subsequently married Lydia Ilen- 
shaw-. He continued his residence on the claim 
which he had made for a period of twelve years, 
when he went to Three years later he re- 
turned to Iowa and settled near Stuart, (iuthrie 
County, where he i)assed the latter years of his life, 
his death occurring in 1803. By Ids first mar- 
riage were born six children, three sons and three 
daughters, but Dr. Rees and two sisters are the only 



surviving ones. The eldest of these, Sidney Smilh, 
married John Pearson, of Ohio. They came to 
Iowa in 1846, settled in Polli County, where they 
they lived for about twenty years, then moved to 
Guthrie Count}', Iowa, where Mr. Pearson died 
about 187G. Ilis widow was again married and 
now resides in Stuart, Iowa. Martha Rees, three 
j'ears younger than the Doctor, married James W. 
Dowell, February 3, 1848, and now lives in Des 
Moines, Iowa. 

Doctor Rees came to Iowa, with his parents, in 
June, 1846. Having received a common school 
education, he entered upon the study of medicine 
and was graduated from the Eclectic Medical Col- 
lege, of Cincinnati, Ohio, in the class of 1859. 
Previous to that time, however, he studied two 
years with Dr. Beck, of Palmyra, Iowa. On re- 
ceiving his degree he at once entered upon the 
active duties of )iis profession in Guthrie Count}', 
continuing in that field until 18G4, when lie re- 
moved to Palra3'ra, Warren County, of the same 
State, where he spent fourteen 3'ears in successful 
practice. Coming to Des Moines at the expiration 
of that time, lie has since been actively employed 
in professional work in this city. 

On the 2ud of Fcbruaiy, 1848, in Polk County, 
Dr. Rees was united in the lioly bonds of matri- 
mony with Miss Mary S. Eijgertou, a nalive of 
Grant County, Ind., and a daughter of "William 
Edgerton. Iler father died while she was yet a 
child, and in 1847, she accompanied her brother 
and family to Polk County. The Doctor and his 
wife have five living children and have lost four, 
three dying in infancy, the other reaching woman- 
hood. S. Calvin, the eldest, married Miss Lula 
Harris, and is engaged in farming in Fremont 
County, Iowa; AVilliam W. married Miss Emma 
Snow, and is a druggist of Schuyler, Colfax County, 
Neb.; Celissa J., wife of Hiram Griffin, died in 
Maj', 1875; Lewis A. is engaged in the drug busi- 
ness in Hamburg, Fremont County, Iowa; Delia 
Celesta is the wife of Louis Sheldahl, of Des 
Moines; Ivie E. is a teacher in the city schools, 
and makes her home with her parents. Mrs. Rees 
and family attend the Congregational Church. 

In politics, Dr. Rees is a Republican, but has 
never sought pdilical preferment. After coming 

to Des Aloines, he took a post graduate course in 
King's Eclectical Medical College, graduating in 
1884. He is professor of Theory and Practice in 
the Iowa Eclectic Medical College, of Des Moines, 
and has filled that chair for the past three years. 
He is a member of the Iowa State Eclectic Medical 
Society, of which he has served as Vice-President, 
and is also a member of the National I^clectic Med- 
ical Society. The Doctor has now been engaged in 
active practice in Des Moines for twelve years, 
having his office at No. 422 Fast Sixth Street, and 
residence at No. 1209 Lyon Street. He is recog- 
nized as a physician and surgeon of superior abil- 
ity, and is a gentleman of culture. His skill in his 
profession and close application to business have 
won him an extensive ami lucrative practice, which 
is well merited. 

j^jDWIN H. CARTER, Physician and Sur- 
geon, was l)orn in Prince William Couuty, 
Va., July 9. 1836. His father, Rhodam C. 
Carter, and his grandfather, John Carter, were 
born in the same place. His great-grandfather^ 
Nathan Carter, emigrated from London and settled 
in Prince William Count}', where he became a 
planter. Rhodam was born August 6, 1806, and 
in 1826 married Miss Lucy, daughter of Williaiu 
Hulitl, a native of Virginia, whose wife, Margery 
Ball, belonged to a noted family of N'irginia. Both 
the Doctor's grandfathers served in the War of 

In 1847, Rhodam C. with his family removed 
to and settled on a farm in Heiiiy County, Iowa. 
Subsequently he removed to Afton, Iowa, where 
Mr. Carter died January 1, 1881, when in the 
seventy-sixth year of his ago. Mrs. Carter, who 
was born in \'irginia, Septemlier 26, 1808, died 
December 25, 1888. They were the parents of 
five sons and five daughters who grew to maturit}-, 
and eight of that number are living in 1890, viz.: 
Levi, Elizabeth, Ranzel, Rhodam S., Edwin H., 
Harriet, Maria and Juda. The deceased are: Mar- 
gery, the second daugliter and fifth child, who 
died at the age of eighteen years; and Allen, the 



youngest son. The latter enlisted during tlie late 
war in the Fourth Iowa C'avalr3', was taken pris- 
oner at the battle of Pea Ridge, Ark., and died 
while iu captivity at Little Rock, his death iiaving 
been caused from exposure and exhaustion. 

Dr. Carter, while in Ins native JStatc, attended 
tlie primitive schools of that day, in whicli he ol)- 
tained the rudiments of an education. Soon after 
sunrise school was called, and throughout the day 
until sunset the strictest attention and diligence 
were required by the teacher, who was employed 
by the year, and an infraction of rules was sure 
to provoke speedy and summary punishment. In 
that day the methods of imparting instruction 
were ernde, and the text books were remarkably 
ambiguous to the scholars. School apparatus was 
unknown, and the schoolhouscs were marvels of 
architectural ugliness and discomfort, and taken 
altogether, an excellent illustration is afforded of 
the wonderful contrast that exists in the school 
systems of the past and itresent. 

As a farmer boy, though onl3' eleven years old 
when his parents settled in Iowa, Dr. Carter |ier- 
fornied nearl3' all the duties of a farm hand during 
the summer, and attended school during the winter. 
Thus his life was passed to his eighteenth year, at 
which age he forever abandoned farm life. During 
the next seven or eight years he attended school 
and taught alternately, becoming- a successfid and 
proficient instructor. 

In the spring of 18G2, our subject enterel the 
office of Dr. William Molesworth, of Des Moines, 
and commenced the study of medicine. After a 
thorough course of ollice instruction, he matricu- 
lated at the Eclectic Medical institute of Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, from which college he was graduated 
on the loth of February, 1865. Returning to 
Des Moines, he formed a partnership with his 
former preceptor, and actively engaged in the 
practice of medicine. 

During the winter of 1868-69 Dr. Carter took a 
course of study in the University Medical Col- 
lege of New York City. Returning again to Des 
Moines, he lias continued in the active i)ractice of 
medicine and surgery to the |)resent time. In 
18G8 he was one of the few who organized the 
Iowa State Eclectic Medical Society, in which he 

successively lield the olHces of Corresponding 
Secretary, Recording Secretary, Treasurer and 

In Des Moines, January 21, 1875, the Doctor 
married Miss Amanda Richmond, a native of Ohio. 
They have one child, Edwin Richmond, who was 
horn May 20, 1877. In ISMl Dr. Carter assisted 
iu organizing the iMedical Department of Drake 
I'uiversity, which opened its first course of lec- 
tures January 10, 1882. During the first term he 
was Professor of Surgery, and for four succeeding 
terms taught the theory and i)ractice of medicine, 
and from the openhig of the school to the end of 
the fifth term Dean of the Faculty. At the 
close of the fifth term he resigned his positions in 
the college, and again gave his undivided attention 
to the practice of his profession. For a quarter of 
a century Dr. Carter has practiced medicine in 
Des Moines and vicinity, and has come in contact 
with ever)' form of disease to which this climate is 
subject. As a physician and surgeon, he stands in 
the front rank of the fraternit)' in Polk Countj'. 
He is a close student, a keen observer and is thor- 
oughly devoted to his profession. An affable and 
social gentleman, he enjoj's a wide circle of ac- 
quaintances, and commands the respect of all whom 
he meets. He takes a lively interest in the world's 
progress, and be.ars no small share in promoting 
the growth and best interests of his home city and 

^ -KH-<?9}(:p*:^^i{:-«H-«. 

, present Chancellor of Drake I'uiversity. 
J[j On a farm in Nelson County, Ky., on the 
Itii of March, 1834, was horn one of the a1)lest 
educators of which Iowa can boast — G. T. Carpen- 
ter, A.M., L.L.D., F.A.S. He springs from a line 
of farmers on both sides. His paternal grandfather, 
Michael Carpenter, left his home in Germany 
when a youth, crossed the Atlantic and settled in 
Kentucky, where he was married and reared a fam- 
ily of children. One of his sons, Judge Carpenter, 
figured prominently in the politics of that Stale; 
another, Thomas by name, chose farming as Ids 
vocation, but as he was just entering upon llic 



most active sii^cJ useful period of liis lite, he was 
called to that land whence no traveler returns. 
He Was the father of Ciiancellor Carpenter, and at 
his deatli left a wife and two sons to mourn his 
loss. One of the latter, the subject of this sketch, 
was born after the father's deatli. The children 
were George T. and Prof. William J. Carpenter, of 
California. Tlieir mother, whose maiden name was 
Mary Kurtz, belonged to one of the old and res- 
pected families of Pennsylvania, and was a dougii- 
ter of Jacol) and Elizabeth (Enlow) Kurtz. Her 
father, as his name would indicate, was of German 
extraction. Her mother was a cousin of Abraham 
Lincoln. Seven years after the deatli of T'homas 
Carpenter, his widow- married Jacob Huffaker, and 
wiih him removed to Bureau County, 111., in 1842, 
where a home was made and four more children 
added to the family. 

Subjected to tlie hartlships and privations inci- 
dent to the settling of a new countr3-, our subject 
made the most of his opportunities, which at best 
were few in his earlier days. However, manliness, 
a strong determination to succeefl, and an honora- 
ble, upright course, marked his boyhood efforts 
and his rapid advancement in the district schools 
warranted his attending Princeton Academj', then 
under the management of Prof. James Smith, a 
deacon in the church of Owen Lovejo\', whose 
brother died a martyr to the princi[)les of freedom 
of speech and of the press. During his academic 
course Mr. Carpenter supported himself largely by 
manual labor, one of the tasks performed and now 
on record being "fifteen cords of wood sawed for 
Mr. Lovejoy's chinch." His religious training was 
not neglected in his education. Both parents were 
at one time members of the Ba[)tist Churcli, but 
becoming convinced that the teachings of the 
Church of Christ were in hairaony with the New 
Testament plan of salvation, the mother united 
with that denomination and was a firm and faithful 
member until death. Mr. Carpenter was ba|)tized 
near Dover, 111., and united with the same church. 
The following 3ear he came to Iowa and taught his 
first school in Greenbush, Warren County, where 
he also made his first effort to ineach the Gospel. 
Having returned to Illinois, he taught for two 
terms in his home district, receiving an advance in 

salary for the second term and a promise of a still 
greater increase if he would accept the iwsitioii for 
a third term. A desire to better pre[)are himself 
for an educator led him to decline tlie offer and 
enter jVbingdon College, from which ho was gradu- 
ated in the class of 'iVJ. Ilis standing as a student 
is bust shown by the fact that at the completion of 
both his academic and collegiate courses, he was 
granted the honor of delivering tlie valedictory. 
Toward the close of his college course he was em- 
ployed as tutor in the classics. In connection with 
his literary researches, he had been making a cloee 
study of the Bible, and the same jear of his gradii- 
tion he was ordained to the Christian ministry. 

Prof. Carpenter was now read)' to enter upoa a 
business career. For two years he was engaged in 
preaching and teaching in Winterset, Iowa, when, 
in 1861, he and his brother were called to open and 
conduct Oskaloosa College, with which he was con- 
nected for the succeeding twenty 3'ears, the greater 
part of the time as its Presi lent. He was one of 
the most proficient instructors ever in charge of 
tliat school, and under his able mantigement the 
college soon took rank among the best institutions 
of the kin<l ill tlie State. Mr. Carpenter has been 
entrusted with some responsible positions in the 
fields of education, polities and finance. For many 
years he was editor-in chief of the Christian Evan- 
cjeliM; in 1873 he was appointed United States 
Honorary Commissioner to the World's Fair in 
Vienna, Austria, and is now President of the Mer- 
chants' and Banker's Insurance Company, besides 
being interested in other business enterprises. It 
is often said ttiat college professors know not 
enough about business affairs to furnish their own 
tables, but if this bo true. Chancellor Carpenter is a 
marked exception to the general rule, as he can 
analyze business propositions as accuratel)' as he 
can a sentence in (Jreek. 

For a ccimpanioii in life Mr. Carjienter chose 
jNIiss Henrietta T. Drake, a lady of splendid ac- 
complishments and a native of Ft. Madison, Iowa. 
She is a daughter of Judge John A. Drake, of 
Drakeville. Iowa, so widely and favorably' known 
throughout the State. Of the four children born 
of their union three are graduates of the Drake 
University — John D., the eldest, is assistant secre- 

■'■■- ■'■. - YORK 


J/^.^^'^^.X^-^^ O^ 


laiy of the Merchants' and Bankers' Insurance 
Company; Mary A. is assistant editor of the 
Christian Oracle, published at Chicago; Henrietta 
I)., a graduate of tiie Boston School of Oratory, is 
tiie tcaclier of elocution and calisthenics in Drake 
I'nivcrsity; and Jennie is at home. 

Monuments are generally erected to the memory 
of men who have passed away, but Chancellor 
Carpenter has erected his own monument, but not 
one that alone commemorates his noble deeds. 
This magnificent structure is nothing less than 
Drake I'niversity. To Mr. Carpenter more than to 
an\^ other one man is the establishment and rapid 
growth of that splendid institution due. For many 
years it had been the cherished ho()e to found a 
school worth3' the name of university, but not 
until 1880 did the opi)ortunity present itself. 
AVilh the assistance of Elder D. R. Lucas, and 
others, the. school was founded in 1881, and in 
honor of Gen. F. M. Drake, of Centerville, Iowa, 
the princely donor, it was named Drake University. 
The city of Des Moines was selected as the site for 
the school on account of its central location, its 
tieauty and its general healthtulnoss. Upon the 
establishment of the school, Mr. Carpenter was 
chosen Chancellor, and to his assistance were 
called educators of ability and reputation. It may 
be truly said that no institution in the State has a 
stronger faculty than Drake University. Though 
in its infancy, it embraces eight colleges — College 
of Letters and Science, Bible College, Business 
College, College of Music. Art School, Normal 
School, Law College, and College of Medicine and 
J'harmacy. In the several departments there are 
more than fifty instructors, and the enrollment for 
the year 1888-89 reached seven hundred and forty. 
Drake University is under the control of the Chris- 
tian Church, but built on a broad and lib2ral 
foundation, it throws wide its doors to all of what- 
ever sex, nation or belief. The success of this 
institution is a llattering compliment to its chan- 

Mr. Carpenter has taken some interest in great 
political cjuestions, especially on the subject of 
Prohibition. In 1879, he was unanimously nomi- 
nated by the Prohibition Convention assembled in 
Cedar Rapids for Governor of the State of Iowa. 

but he declined the honor, as it would lead him 
from his chosen calling. His autliorsl'.ip is limited 
to lectures and numerous letters, interesting and 
ably written, on subjects concerning his tour 
through Eluroiie; a small work entitled "The Bible 
vs Spiritualism," and the "Destiny of the Wicked," 
a book of some six hundred pages, being a joint 
discussion between himself and IIk^ Itev. .Fohn 
Hughs, Universalist. 


OH. JAMES GAMP.LE DAY, late Chief 
)li Justice of Iowa, and a member of the law 
firm of Pliillii«, Day & Crosby, of Des 
^Q) Moines, was born in Jefferson County, 
Ohio, on the 28th of June, 1832, and is a son of 
George and Sarah Da}'. The family is of English 
descent, and was founded in America during the 
early history of our country. George Day, father 
of our subject, was a native of Maryland, whence 
in early life he removed to Ohio, where he became 
acquainted with and married Miss Sarah (iambic, a 
native of Lycoming County, Pa., of Irish extrac- 

In his native State our subject spent the days of 
his boyhood and j'outh, his early life being un- 
marked by any event of special importance. His 
literary education .vas received in Richmond Acad- 
2my, after which he entered the Cincinnati Law 
School, being graduated from that institution in 
the class of '57. Immediately after receiving his 
degree he came to Iowa, settling in Afton, Union 
County, in the spring. He at once opened a law 
office, and carried ou a successful legal business 
until 1860, when he removed to Sidney, Fremont 
County. He was but fairly launched in practice 
at th.'it place when the late war broke out, and in 
the fall of 1861 he left his home to enter the ser- 
vice as Lieutenant of Company F, Fifteenth Iowa 
Infantr}'. For meritorious conduct he was pro- 
moted to the rank of Ca|)tain. and participated 
in many of the hard fought battles of the war. 
At the battle of Shiloh, on the Gth of April. 1862, 
he received a gun shot wound in the hip. which 
caused him to resign his commission in Se[)tember 



Wliile on the fielil at Corinth, Capt. Day was 
nominated b}' the Republicans for the office of 
Judge of the District Court, and was elected in the 
fall of 1862, following his return from the war. 
The ahilit3- with which lie dischnrged his duties led 
to his re-election, and he served on the bench of 
the district court until June, 1870, when he re- 
signed to accept the appointment of Cliief Justice 
of the Supreme Court of Iowa, to fill a vacancy 
caused by the resignation of Chief Justice George 
C. Wright, who had been elected to the United 
States Senate. Capt. Day was nominated for the 
position at a convention held previous to his ap- 
pointment, and was elected Chief Justice in the 
fall of 1870, and by re-elections filled that office 
until January 1, 1884, covering a period of thir- 
teen j'ears. lu the fall previous he had been a 
candidate for the election, but was defeated on 
account of a celebrated opinion rendered by him 
in regard to the prohibition amendment to the 
Iowa State Constitution, wliich was adopted in 
1882. AVithout regard to personal or political 
sentiment, Judge Day declared, as a lawyer, that 
the amendment had not been legally' ratified. He 
held that the amendment could be properly estab- 
lished, and that the delay necessary to that end 
was a less misfortune than the violation of the 
constitution. In this he was sustained by the 
sound legal voice of the State, but popular will 
triumphed over legal methods. 

On retiring from the office of Chief Justice, 
Judge Day removed to Des Sloines and formed 
tlie existing partnership with Judge William Phil- 
lips, since which time he has been actively en- 
gaged in the practice of his profession. The firm 
of Phillips & Day was formed January 1, 1881, 
and is recognized as one of the leading law firms 
of the Stale. Since the admission of W. B. Crosby 
to partnershii), in December, 1889, the style of the 
firm has been Phillips, Daj' & Crosb3^ 

On the 1st of December, 1857, in Jefferson 
County, Ohio, a marriage ceremony united the 
destinies of James Gamble Daj- and Minerva C. 
Manley, who now for almost a third of a century 
have traveled life's journey together. 'I'he lady 
was born in Allegheny City, Pa., but in early 
childhood accompanied her father. Joshua Manley. 

Esq., to Jefferson Count}', Ohio. Seven children, 
six sons and a daughter, grace their union, while 
an infant son lies sleeping in the churchyard. 
Curtis L., the first born, was graduated from tlie 
Iowa Cit}- College and Law School, and is now a 
practicing attorney of Omaha; George, who was 
graduated from Tabor College, of Talior, Iowa, 
and from the law department of the State Univer- 
sity, married Miss Sarah Brown, and is now en- 
gaged in practice as a partner of his elder brother; 
Mary, the onl}- daughter, who is also a graduate 
of Tabor College, is the wife of Edmond B. Edgar, 
an attorney of Redfield, S. I).; Charles M., also a 
Tabor College graduate, married Miss Annie 
Davenport, and is one of the editors of the Sioux 
Falls Argus-Leadvr; Harry B., who was educated 
in the Ames Agricultural College, making a spe- 
cial study of electrical engineering, was graduated 
in the class of '89, and is now residing in Des 
Moines, where he is employed as an electrician; 
Edwin S. and James 0. are students in the Des 
Moines I'niversity; and John Matthew, the 3'oung- 
est, died in infancy. 

Judge Day and his wife are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. In politics, the Judge is a 
stanch Republican, and socially, is a member of 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., and the Loyal 
Legion of the United States. As a jurist he ranks 
among the best of the profession in Iowa, and his 
opinions, which are the result of careful investiaa- 
tion and based on a thorough knowledge of law, 
are always received with confidence and respect in 
court or council. Candid and sincere by nature, 
and possessed of a genial, courteous manner, Judge 
Day wins and holds a firm place in the hearts of 
the best people with whom he comes in contact 
either in business or social intercourse. 

A portrait of Judge Day is presented on another 
page of this volume. 

pathic physician and surgeon of Des Moines, 
? established practice in this city October 1, 

1878. He is a native of Lebanon County, Pa.. Iiis 
birth having occurred on the 24tli of July, 1812. 



The first American ancestor of the family was An- 
drew Garbericli, who emigrated from Rotterdam, 
Holland, to Pcnnsj'Ivania, and settled in Lebanon 
Count}', in 1751. He was the great-grandfather 
of our subject. The Doctor's grandfather was 
Philip Garberich, and his father Daniel Garber- 
ich, who has been five years a resident of Des 
Moines, married Elizabeth Wise, and unto them 
wcie born four sons, the Doctor being the eldest. 
Allen D., the second, who enlisted in the late war 
as a member of the One Hundred and Twent}^ 
seventh Pennsylvania Regiment, died in the lios- 
|)ital near Alexandria, Va.., in the j^ear 1862; Philip 
is a traveling salesman for the well known music 
firm of Lyon & Healy, and represents the Nebraska 
store; Prof. Lyman S., the youngest son, is a grad- 
uate of the Leipsic Conservatory of Music, and is 
now a resident of Des Moines, where he is engaged 
in teaching music. 

Dr. Garberich was reared on a farm, and his 
early education was supplied b}- an excellent pub- 
lic school. After completing an academic course 
of study he engaged in teaching a few terms. He 
determined to fit himself for the medical profession 
and devoted his leisure time to the study of medi- 
cal works. In April, 1861, he continued his 
studies, under Dr. J. B. Herring, of Mechanics- 
burg, but the War of the Rebellion broke out 
about that time and, yielding to the patriotic sen- 
timent that imbued the people of the North when 
the life of the nation was threatened, ho decided 
to go forth to battle for the old flag. Three 
months after he had entered upon the course of a 
medical student, he laid aside his books and en- 
rolled his name as a member of Company E, One 
Hundred and Twenty-seventh Penns3'lvania In- 
fantry. For about nine months he served as a 
private and was then promoted to the rank of First 
Lieutenant of Company D, Forty-eighth Pennsyl- 
vania St?te Guards. He participated in the battles 
of Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, under Gens. 
Burnside and Hooker. He resumed his medical 
studies in the fall of 1863, and entered the medical 
department of the LTniversity of Pennsylvania, in 
Philadelphia, from which institution lie was grad- 
uated in 1865. Soon after completing his course, he 
located in New Kingston, near Ilarrisburg, Pa., 

where he engaged in practice from April, 1865, 
until September, 1886, waen he removed to Me- 
clianicsburg, in the same State. He remained there 
until September, 1878, when he came to Des 
Moines. The Doctor came to Iowa in the spring 
of that 3'ear with a view of selecting a favorable 
situation, as he had determined to locate in the 
West, where opportunities for advancement prom- 
ised better than in the older States of the East. 
He visited Des Moines and, being pleased with tiie 
city, determined to locate here, which decision he 
carried into effect immediatel}-. Dr. Garberich, 
by his skill as a physician, his cordial and genial 
disposition and his enterprise as a citizen, made 
a large circle of friends, and his practice is a large 
and growing one. 

The Doctor's wife, wiiom he married in Pennsyl- 
vania, was formerly Miss Mary E. Brandt, a native 
of York Count}', Pa. Her father is deceased, and 
the mother came to Des Moines in the fall of 1878, 
and is still residing in this city, as a member of. 
the Doctor's family. 

ROF. HENRY D. McANENEY, Principal 
of the Business College of DrakeUniversity, 
was born in Piqua, Miama County, Ohio, 
March 18, 1858, and is a son of William A. 
and Anne (Dowd) McAneney, both of whom were 
natives of Ireland. The father was born in Dublin, 
in 1831, and was a son of an extensive land owner 
of that country. When a young man he came to 
the L'nited States, locating in Rochester, N.Y. 'I'he 
mother was born in Wicklow. in 1833, and also 
belonged to one of the substantial families of the 
land. Her great-grandfather, Mr. Plunkett, served 
as a General in the Revolution of 1798, when Ire- 
land sought her freedom. When a young lady of 
nineteen years. Miss Dowd came to America to join 
her brothers in New York, afterward removing 
with them to Rochester, where she again met Will- 
iam A. McAneney. whom she had known in Ire- 
land. Here she and Mr. McAneney were married. 
After residing in the Empire State for f time, they 



removed to Ohio, residing in Urbana, Piqua and 
Miaujisburg successively. In 1872, tbe_y removed 
to Southern Wisconsin, and the following 3 ear be- 
came residents of Eastern I'otlawattamie County', 
Iowa, where thej; resided initil 1 888, again removing 
to a farm near Atlantic, where they still reside- 
Tu 18G4, the husband enlisted in Companj' A, One 
Hundred and Eighty-seventh Ohio Regiment, with 
which he served until the close of the war, iiartici- 
jiating in some of the hardest fought battles. 
When he entered the service he was a supporter of 
the Democratic party, but ere he received his dis- 
charge he had become a stalwart Republican. He 
is in hearty sympath)' with the struggling people 
of his native isle who are contending for their 
natural rights and both he and liis wife are mem- 
bers of the Catholic Church. lu their family are 
sis children, four sons and two daughters: John F. 
is in the implement business in Atlantic, Iowa; 
William and Thomas are bookkeepers for large 
firms in Chicago; and the other sou is Prof. Henry, 
who is the eldest. 

Our subject prepared himself for public school 
work which profession he followed three years and 
then took a course in the E^astman National Busi- 
ness College of Poughkeepsie, N. Y., graduating in 
1883. Upon the close of his school life he became 
book-keeper for Boyle & Co., of Council Bluffs, 
and subsequently was cashier in the wholesale 
clothirjg house of Henry Eisman & Co., but re- 
signed that position to become head book-keeper 
for Devol & Wright, one of the largest wholesale 
hardware firms of that city. Mr. McAnenoy gained 
an enviable rei)Utation as an accountant and in 
•lauuary, 1884, was tendered a position as instructor 
in the Business College of Drake University, and 
the following 3'ear was made principal. He has 
always been a diligent and earnest student and in 
connection with his professional work has almost 
completed the philosophical course in the Univer- 
sity from which he will take the degree of A. B., 
this 3'ear. He is a 3'oung man of strong mental 
force, untiring energ3' and fine ability, and has won 
recognition as an able instructor from some of the 
most noted educators of the countr3'. In political 
sfutinient he is a Repulilicau, entertaining strong 
prohibition sentiments. 

On the 29tliof December, 1888, Prof. McAneney 
was united in marriage with Miss Kittle A. Wood- 
worth, who was born in Stryker, Ohio, April 2P, 
1867. One child, a lovely girl, has blessed this 
union. Both the Professor and his wife are earnest 
and faithful membeis of the Christian Church. Mrs. 
McAnene3' is a lady of education, refinement and 
culture, and a musician of artistic abilit3'. She has 
taken a four years' course in the Conservatory of 
Music of Drake University. She is in full sympa- 
thy with the work of her husband and is a valuable 
aid in all his efforts. 

Moines, has been engaged in the i)ractice of 
medicine in this cit3^ since 1878, and ranks 
deservedl3' high amongst his professional 
brethren of Polk Count3-. A native of Ohio, he 
was born in Shell)3' County, on the 4th of -luly, 
1842, and is the son of Joshua Hill, a native of 
Virginia. When our subject was a bo3', his father 
removed with hi.s famil3' to Illinois, but subse- 
quentl3' returned to Ohio, and a number of years 
later, accompanied 1^3- his children, came to Iowa, 
locating in Guthrie Center, where he died a num- 
ber of years ago at the advanced age of eight3-- 
four. His vvife died in 1862, while a resident of 
Illinois. Tlie3- were the parents of flfceen chil- 
dren, eight sons and seven daughters, six of that 
number still living, namel3-: James G., of Iowa 
City; Henr3', of Peoria County, 111.; Dr. J. G. ; 
Caleb, Charlotte and Harriet. Two of the chil- 
dren died in infancy, but the other members of the 
faniil3' reached mature years. Four of the brothers 
served their countr3' in the War of the Rebellion, 
and another son, Ephralm S., raised a compar3-, 
but illness prevented him from entering the ferv- 
ice. He was a lawyer b3' profession, and died in 
Cedar Rapids, Iowa, in 1880. John L. was Cap- 
tain of Company A, Sixtieth Ohio Regiment, in 
which he served until taken prisoner at Harper's 
Feriy, when that place was surronderod to the 
Confederates by Gen. Miles. He was iiaroled and 



returned home, and recruited and organized the 
Twenty-foiirtli Ohio Battery, and as its commander 
re-entered the service, remaining nntil tlie close of 
tlie war. He died in Waverly, Oliio, in Februar}', 
188'J, from disease contracted in the army. Henry 
served in an Illinois regiment during the latter 
jiart of the struggle, and our subject ;dso enlisted 
in the defense of the Union on the 12th of June, 
1802, as a memlier of Company K, Sixly-eighth 
Illinois Infantr}'. 

The Doctor received his priniarj' education in 
the i)ul)lic schools of Teoria County, III., and sub- 
sequently' pursued an academic course of study in 
Chillicothe Academy. When quite young, it be- 
came his desire to make the practice of medicine 
his life work, and at an early age he began fitting 
himself for that end. He was graduated from the 
Kclectic Medical Institute, of Cincinnati, in 1878, 
and afterward was for some time prominentl}' 
connected with the medical department of Dnike 
l'niversit3'. The necessary labor attending that 
])Osition, added to his large general practice, so im- 
paired his health that a change of climate and less 
arduous duties were deemed necessary to his res- 
toration, and in April, 1.S85, he went to Los An- 
geles, Cal., where he remained about a year, at the 
end of which time he returned to Des Moines and 
resumed his professional labors. 

The Doctor was married, in G.alesbnrg, III., to 
Miss Kdith H. Owen, a daughter of John IM. Owen, 
nnd unto them has been born a daughter, Fannie. 
Dr. Hill is a popular and successful |)h_ysician, and 
as a citizen is highly respected and esteemed. A 
large general practice 3'ields him a good income 
and indicates the contidonce reposed in his skill 
aiid ability. He is a member ot the United States 
Pension Board, of Des Moines. 

"iff AMES L. SCOTT, who is now living a re- 
tiied life in Des Moines, is numbered among 
the honored pioneers of the State, having 
first visited Iowa during its territorial days 
in 1834. He was prominently connected with the 
earlv liistory of several of its counties, and 

throughout his entire life has Ikhh an active and 
enterprising citizen, doing all in his power for the 
advancement of the best interests of the Stale 
which he adopted for his home more than half a 
a centurj' ago. 

Mr. Scott was born in Giles Countj'. Tcnn.. 
January 12, 1813, and is of Scottish descent, his 
great-grand fatlier, the original American ancestor, 
having emigrated from Scotland to this country in 
a very early day. John Scott, was the grandfather 
of our subject, and when hin son, Andrew, (the 
father of James,) was a young lad, removed from 
his home in North Carolina to Tennessee. The 
maternal grandparents, Caleb and Hannah Longest, 
were of English descent. 

Andrew Scott was united in marriage with Anna 
Longest, in the State of Tennessee, whence 
they removed to Crawford County', Ind., during 
the infancy of our subject. In 1819, they became 
residents of Sangamon County, III., wiiere they 
spent the remainder of their lives, the father dying 
in 1859, the mother in 1855. They were the parents 
of eleven children, five sons and si.x daughters, ail 
of whom lived to mature years. 

James L. Scott, whose name heads this notice, 
was the third in order of birth in the numerous 
family of which he is a member, and is the oldest 
surviving. His early life was spent in the usual 
manner of farmer lads, and in the days of his early 
manliood he became a pioneer of the Territory- of 
Iowa. He first crossed the Mississipi)i River at 
Burlington in the fall of 1831, being one of a party 
of five who explored the country witli a view of 
making a location. He returned to Illinois, iiow- 
ever, without deciding upon a [ihice of settlement, 
but in the fall of 1835, again crossed the Father of 
Waters and made a claim of a half section of land 
in Lee County. He resi<led upon his cl.aini duiing 
the following winter, but when spring came he 
placed it in the hands of Sam Weaver with in- 
struetions to sell it to the best possible advantage, .is 
he had decided togo to the lead minesof ^^'isconson. 
For a year and a half Mr. Scott remained in the 
minin" country of Southwestern Wisconsin, and 
then returned to his home in Sangamon County, 
where he attended school until 1838, when he 
a<'-aiu came to Iowa. He made a claim in JetTerson 



County, on wliich be settled, continuing there to 
make Ills home for some time. During the winter 
of 1838-9, the county was organized and he was 
elected its first sheriff, and twice re-elected to the 
same position. He took the first census of Jeffer- 
son County in 1840, and was prominently iden- 
tified with the early history of that community. 

In the month of October, 1839, a wedding cere- 
mony was performed in Jefferson County, the con- 
tracting parties being James L. Scott and Miss 
Mary Ann Gilmer. The lady was boin in Adair 
County, Ky., December 18, 1818, and with her 
parents, James and Elizabeth (Tilford) Gilmer, 
came to Jefferson County in the spring of 1838. 
Mr. Gilmer and his sons entered large tracts of land 
in that section, and he and his wife continued there 
to reside upon their farm until death. They were 
parents of four children, two sons and two 
daughters, who attained to mature years. Ben- 
jamin F., the efdest, removed from Kentucky to Illi- 
nois, and engaged in the mercantile business in 
McDonough County. He afterwards followed the 
same business in Jefferson County, Iowa, where 
his death occurred in 18i6. Mrs. Jane Ross re- 
sides in Fairfield, Iowa. Robert T. married Anna 
Scott, a sister of our subject aind resides in Fair- 
field. Mrs. Scott completes the family. 

A third of a century lias passed since James L. 
Scott, accompanied by his family, settled in Polk 
County. For eleven jears they were residents of 
Des Moines, but at the end of that time our sub- 
ject resumed farming in Bloomfield Township, that 
occupation having occupied the greater part of his 
business career. For twenty years he devoted his 
energies to the develoi)ment and improvement of 
his land, but at length returned to the city, where 
lie and his estimable wife are now living a retired 
life, their pleasant home being situated in the first 
addition to Universit}' Place. 

Twelve cliildren were born to this woithy couple, 
six of whom are living, namely: Mrs. SamanthaC. 
Embry; Mrs. Iowa E. McEldery; Dick, a resident 
of Kansas City, Mo.; F'rank, whose home is in 
Austin, Texas;Caleb D. at liome; and Mrs. Mary 
Olive Bolingcr of Afton, Union Count}', Iowa. 
The other children all died in childhood, with the 
exception of Annex Texas, who was an invalid fw 

many years and died at the age of thirty, and 
Wilson A. who died in Des Moines December 15, 
1889, aged thirty-three years. 

Mr. and Mrs. Scott are numbered among the well- 
known citizens of Des Moines and honored pioneers 
of Iowa, whose growtli the}' have witnessed from 
its early infancy, until it takes a front rank among 
the sister States of the Union. Their long residence 
in the State has brought them many acquaintances, 
and tlieir upriglit lives have won them many warm 
friends. They are consistent and faitliful members 
of the Christian Church. 

\USSELL M. DeWITT, M.D., who was a 
faitliful soldier in the late war and is an 
(AS \V\ honored member of the medical fraternitj' 
of Polk County, was born in Auburn, Cayuga 
County, N. Y., on the 8th of November, 1849, and 
is of Holland descent. He traces his ancestry in 
direct line back to John DeWitt, an exile from 
Holland, who to secure freedom crossed the At- 
lantic and settled on the banks of the Mohawk 
River in the seventeenth centuiy. Matthew De- 
Witt, the grandfather of our subject, was an exten- 
sive landowner of the Empire State, and served his 
country as a soldier in the War of 1812, liolding a 
high command. He married Jane Ammermon, 
and unto them w^ere born eight children, five sons 
and three daughters. The sons all became minis- 
ters of tlie Baptist Church, one being the noted 
evangelist, H. G. DeWitt, who by his noble efforts 
in promoting the Master's work won a wide repu- 

James A. DeWitt, the father of the Doctor, was 
born near Auburn, N. Y., March 4, 1814, and was 
educated for the ministry, which he made his life 
work. In his native city he married Miss Phrebe 
Streeter, a native of Cayuga County, N. Y., born 
May 4, 1818, and a daughter of Benjamin and 
Abigail (Spaulding) Streeter. Her father com- 
manded a battery in the War of 1812, and was a 
member of the General Assembl}' of New York. 
When the late war broke out Mr. DeWitt was in- 


strumental in raising troops, and made many pub- 
lie speeches in order to induce soldiers to enlist. 
He was among the first to enroll bis name as a 
defender of his country, his name lieading the 
list of the company which ho raised, while the 
second name was that of his son, John M,, who was 
then but sixteen years of age, and who was after- 
ward i)romoted to the rank of First-Lieutenant 
in recognition of gallantry displaj-ed on the field 
of battle. He was captured at Monocacy Junction, 
July 9, 18Gi, and died in the rebel prison at Dan- 
ville, Va., April 10, 1865. It is supposed that he 
with others were poisoned by the Confederates, for 
one hundred and eleven died the same night in 
that prison. The Rev. Mr. DeWilt served as Chaplain 
of the Ninth New York Heavy Artillery, and was 
twice wounded by going to the front in order to 
relieve the sufferings of those who were lying in- 
jured on the field. On several occasions he shoul- 
dered his gun and entered the charge. He labored 
so incessantly and assiduously that his iiealth failed 
him, and he left the service at tlie close of the war 
an invalid, never afterward recoveiing bis health. 
In 18()G be removeil to Micliigan, and seven years 
later became a resident of O'Brien County, Iowa, 
where his death occurred in 1879. His life was 
such that he won the regard of all with whom he 
cMine in contact, and of him it may truly be said 
that the world is better for his having lived. His 
excellent wife died at the home of our subject in 
1886. In iheir family were six children, five sons 
and a daughter; two of the sons are now deceased. 
Those living arc: Charles H., a phj'sician of Lucas, 
Iowa; Willard W., a druggist of Peterson, Iowa; 
the Doctor, and Abigail J. Woole}', now living at 
Wichita, Kan. 

Our subject received his early education in the 
old subscription schools, and though not yet thir- 
teen years of age, on the 21st of July, 18G2, he 
tried to enlist in the service of his country, which 
was then enjaged in the Civil War. The United 
Slates enlisting officer, however, refused to muster 
him into the service, so he remained at Auburn, 
acting as drummer boy at the State rendezvous. 
At length, through the influence of W. H. Seward, 
Jr., who was then Colonel of the Nintli Heavy 
Artillery, on the 7lb of April, 18()I, he was mus- 

tered into the reL;iil:ir service as a meniher of Com- 
pany C, by a special order of President Lincoln. 
which the Doctor still lias in his possession. He 
had practically done duty for his country from 
18G2 until that time, but his first regular en"ao-e- 
menl occurred at Spottsylvania. He had carried a 
gun in thirteen battles before be fifteen years 
of age, and altogether was in some twenty-five 
battles and numerous skirmishes. On his fifteentii 
birthday, November 8, 1864, lie was detailed as 
orderly on the staff of Gen. Sheridan, and was 
relieved the following A|)ril on account of sick- 

After being mustered out in July, 186.'), Mr. 
DeWitt returneil to bis home and resumed work on 
his father's farm. He acquired his education by 
study in his leisure hours and at night, after which 
he engaged in teaching. In that way be helped 
his parents to pay for their borne, and assisted in 
the support of the family. So liberally did be give 
of bis earnings that oftentimes be had hardly suffi- 
cient clothing, 3'et he always managed t,o save from 
bis earnings a little sum to invest in l)ooks. 
After teaching for ;i time his health failed him and 
he went to Northern Michigan, where be worked 
in the pineries and located a land-warrant wdiicb be 
had received from his grandfather. At length bo 
made choice of the medical profession as one 
which he believed he could willingl}' follow 
throughout life, and began his studies with Dr. 
W. W. Whitford, of Coldwatcr, Mich., after 
which he attended a course of lectures at the State 
University in Ann Arbor, in 18G9. The following 
3'ear be lo(^ated in O'I'.rien County, Iowa, being 
among its pioneer settlers, as there were only 
twelve voters in the county on his He 
there eng.aged in teaching, dealing in real estate 
and in studying medicine, and in 1877 w.ns gradu- 
ated from the Keokuk Medical College. 

On tiie 8tb of May, 1878. Dr. DeWitt married 
Miss Lora E. T.aylor. a native of Mt. I'leasant, 
Iowa, and unto them have been born two children 
— Rus.sell M. and Clive K The year previous the 
Doctor located in Lucas, Iowa, whence he came to 
Des Moines in 1883. He was :Medical Director of 
the Grand Army of the Republic, Department of 
Iowa, in 1888 nnd 1889. and was Surgeon (;eneral 



of tlic Grand Army of the Republic (luring tiie 
ndminislralion of William Warner, being elected 
to that position in Columbus, Ohio, in September, 
18S8. He belongs to the Polk County and the 
State Medical Societies, socially is a Knight of 
Pythias, and in political sentiment is a stanch 
Keiiublican. Dr. DeWilt has now been engaged in 
practice for twelve 3'ears, and is an honor to the 
profession. He is recognized as one of the leading 
physicians of Des Moines, and the confidence 
placed in him is indicated b^' the liljeral patronage 
which he receives. In 1889, he was appointed a 
member of the Board of Medical Examiners of the 
Pension Department in Washington, D. C. 

\( successful real-estate dealers of Des Moines 
11, was born in Somersetshire, England, on the 
^^; 10th of October, 18.30, and is a son of 
Richard Marquis, who was a native of the same 
county and a well-to-do miller and farmer. His 
mother, whose maiden name was Susan Luffuian, was 
also born in Somersetshire, and is still living- on the 
old homestead at a very advanced age. Like her 
husband, who died a number of years ago, she is a 
member of the Established Church of England. 
Their family consisted of five children, three sons 
and two daughters, two of whom came to America 
— John L., who died in Louisville, Ky., leaving a 
wife and five children; and our subject. 

Richard W. Marquis, whose name heads this 
notice, was reared to manhood in the village of 
Rinipton, England, and acquired his education in 
private schools. When a lad of fourteen years, ho 
was apprenticed to the millei-'s trade at which he 
served a term of seven years, becoming an expert 
miller. He crossed the Atlantic to America in 
18rj2, to visit relatives residing in Ohio, but with 
no intention of making this country his future home. 
He was about ready to return but circumstances 
prolonged his stay until he abandoned the idea of 
returning to his native land. Having traveled for 
a time, he then took charge of the Bay City Mills, 
at Sandusky, Ohio, where lie remained until 18.5C. 

On the I3lh day of October, of the ^ear previous, 
Mr. Marquis was united in marriage with Miss 
Jerene A. Jones, a distant relative of the John 
Sherman family and a native of Erie County, Ohio, 
born April 3, 1838. They had three children — 
Earl L., who died at the age of thirteen jears; 
U'alter C. a traveling salesman; and Sherman G. 
who died in infancy. Mr. Marquis continued the 
operation of various mills in Milan, West Liberty 
and Ripley, and was quite successful in his business 
pursuits. Returning to Milan on a visit, the death 
of his wife occurred Jai,uary 10, 1865. About 
two years later, on the 17th of February, 1867, he 
wedded Mary F. Thompson, a native of Ripley, 
Ohio. Her father, Haden Thompson, was an old 
river captain who plied his boat, the "Des Moines," 
when onl}' a fort marked the site of the present 
beautiful capital city of Iowa. Her mother was a 
daughter of Thomas Kirkwood, Governor of Jowa. 
In 1870. Mr. Marquis located temporarily in 
Des Moines for the purpose of looking after his 
farming lands which he had acquired in that vicin- 
it}'. F(n- several years he spent his summers in 
this city and bis winters in Ohio, and it was not 
until 1875, that he made a permanent location in 
Polk County. He has been connected with a num- 
ber of leading business interests of Des Moines, for 
a time was a member of the wholesale firm of AVatt 
& Co., then operated a wholesale and retail grocery 
store for his own interests and subsequently en- 
gaged in merchandising as a dealer in dry goods 
with T. Bethel. lie embarked in his present bus- 
iness as a real-estate dealer in 1878 but fur some time 
has devoted all his attention to his own property 
and the loan business. Enterprising and progres- 
sive, his has been a very active life and possessing 
great sagacitj' and excellent judgment, he has met 
with excellent success in his efforts. In 1885, he 
was instrumental in organizing the Des Moines 
Loan and Trust Company, of which he has since 
been a director; has also served in the capacity of 
vice-president and for four j'ears was a member of 
the loan committee. He assisted in the organiza- 
tion of the St. Clair Manufacturing Companv and 
is now serving as its president. Mr. Marquis has 
been a member of the Odd Fellows Society for 
twenty-live jearsand has supported the Republican 

THE NEW y ■ 

A .-■ C: 





party nearly tliirty years, but durinjr that time 

has never sought public office. Botli he anil his 
wife are nieraljers of the Presbyterian Cliurch anil 
in the social world are held in high regard. Their 
family numbers five children, namely: Walter C. a 
commercial traveler also engaged in the retail dry- 
goods business in Des Moines; Richard H., a trav- 
elling salesman; Alice A., a graduate of Callanau 
College; Addle G. and Clifford S. 

Of this world's goods Mv. Marquis has a sulli- 
cieney. In addition to his extensive interests in 
Des M(jines, he owns property in Marshalltown, 
Iowa. Riiiiey, Ohio, and other points, all of which 
is but the result of bis just dealing, a sound judg- 
ment and a proper husbanding of the fruits of his 
own untiring efforts. 

ON. HIRAM Y.SMITH, senior member- of 
tlie law firm of Smith & Morris, the oldest 
.^^ firm in the city of the legal profession in con- 
(^Jj) tinuous practice witliout change, is a native 
cif Ohio. He was born in Piqua, Miami Count}', 
March 22, 184:3, and is a son of .lohn L. and Mary 
.\.j(Girard) Smith, whose sketches appear elsewhere 
in this work. He removed with his parents to 
Rock Island, 111., in April, 1850, and there resided 
until the autumn of 1854. On the 2d of October, 
of that 3-ear he arrived with his parents in Des 
Moines. His father had erected, during the sum-- 
mer a commodious dwelling for those days, situ- 
ated oil the corner of West Walnut and Eighth 
Streets. The old home is still standing and is an 
historic relic of early times. The pine lumber used 
in its construction was hauled from Davenport. 

The sidjject of this sketch received a common- 
school education, and was a prominent member of 
a well-known debating society that existed in this 
city for some time prior to the year 1861, holding 
its meetings in the brick sclioolhouse tiien on the 
northeast corner of West Locust and Ninth Streets. 
During the winter of 18G0-61 he taught school in 
the Guye sclioolhouse, five miles north of Winter- 
set, Madison County. The following spring he 
enlisted in a cavalry coin[)any raised by Judge 

John Mitchell, which wa.- >>\viu liiUt tlic Mate 
service. The Indians becoming troublesome in the 
northwestern part of Iowa, the company was sU- 
tioned near Sioux City, where it remained until 
late in the fall of tjiat year, when it was transferred 
to Council Bluffs and disbanded a few weeks later 
in Des Bloines. Early in January, 1862, Mr. Smith 
w,'>s appointed Captain's clerk in the navy and 
ordered to report on the I'nited States gunboat, 
"Kanawha" at the Brooklyn Navy Yard, which lie 
did, but not being satisfied with the position, he re- 
signed and was appointed to a clerksliip in the 
Dead Letter Oflice of the Poslodiee Department at 
Washington. He served in that position from the 
29Ui of January, 1862, until February 5, 1864, when 
he was [iromoted to a clerkship in the olfice of the 
Secif tary of the Treasury, Treasury Department, 
which position he filled until August, 1865. He 
then resigned and entered the Albanj- Law School, 
from which he was graduated in May, 1866. 

Having completed his legal studies, Mr. Smith 
immediately established himself in piactice in Des 
Moines as a partner of Joseph Lyman, but the firm 
continued only until the fall of that year, when Mr. 
Lyman removed to Council Bluffs, Iowa. Mr. 
Smith then became associated with E. J. Ingersoll 
under the firm name of Ingersoll & Smith and 
continued business until Febr'.iary, 1869, when the 
film was dissolved, Mr. Ingersoll engaging' in the 
insurance business. From that time until Decem- 
ber, 1874, Mr. Smith was alone in practice. At 
the latter date the existing partnership was formed 
with E. T. Morris, under the firm name of Smith 
&. Morris, and h;is continued to the present time. 
Jlay, 1800. In 1874 Mr. Smith was elected District 
Attorney for the Fifth Judicial District, which 
comprised six counties, Warren, Adair, Madison, 
Guthrie, Dallas and Polk, and served four years, 
from Januaiy 1, 1875, until January 1, 1879. He elected State Senator from Polk County in the 
fall of 1881, and served in the Senate four years in 
the Nineteenth and Twentieth General Assemblies. 
During tlie Nineteenth General Assembly he was 
Chairman of the Committee on Judicial Districts, 
and in 4lie Twcntietli lie was Chairman of the 
Joint Committee on Dedication of the New Capitol 
and Inauguration; the Republican Joint Caucus 



Committee;, and the Committee on Insurance. In 
the fall of 1881 he was elected a Representative to 
the Forty eighth Congress to fill the vacancy 
caused by the resignation of the Hon. Jolin A. 
Kasson, who had been appointed Minister to Ger- 
many, and served daring the second session of that 
Congress, during which he was a member of the 
Committee on Elections, one of the leading commit- 
tees of the House. 

Mr. Smith was married in his native town on the 
1 0th of April, 1873, to Miss Susan Smiley, daugh- 
ter of Dr. H. H. Smiley of that place, and a native 
of Butler County, Ohio. She was reared under the 
auspices of the Presbyterian Churcli, of whicli she 
has been a member for many years. Her mother 
died Jnly 28, 1879. while visiting at Des Moines. 
Her father is still a resident of Piqua, Ohio. Mr. 
and Mrs. Smith have five children, two sons and 
three daughters — Hugh La wson, Gertrude Girard, 
Alma Martha, Marjorie, and Hiram Y., Jr. 

On the IGth of May, 1868. Mr. Smith was made 
a Mason in Pioneer Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M., 
of this city, and has since held membership with 
that fraternity. He has taken the Royal Arch and 
Council degrees. He was Master of Pioneer Lodge 
in 1874, and Master of Capital Council, No. 
9, R. & S. Master Masons, in 1870 and 1871. In 
the latter year be was also elected to the second 
highest office in the Grand Council of Royal and 
Select Master Masons of Iowa, and was Grand 
Mf-ster of the Grand Council two terms, from Oc- 
tober, 1872, to October, 1874. In politics he is a 
Republican and has done active service for the sup- 
jjort of his party principles. He served as Chair- 
man of tlie Republican Congressional Committee 
of this district Jh 1872 and 1873. As a lawyer he 
stands high in the profession and the firm of which 
he is a member lias an extensive practice. Mr. 
Smith came to Des ISIoines in childhood and has 
hjen a resident of this city for thirty-six years. 
During that long period his intercourse witJi his 
fellow-citizens has been marked by the strictest in- 
tygrit}' and a genial and courteous manner that has 
won him a wide circle of friends. He first sug- 
gested founding the public library in this city, 
whicli is now the Des Moines City Library. He 
circulated the first pai^er to secure mcmbeiship 

thereof, and called the first meeting to effect an 
organization. In 1874 Mr. Smith built and occu- 
pied the frame residence on the northeast corner of 
West Grand Avenue and Thirteenth Street, where 
he has since made his home. 


ATHER M. FLAVIN, the well known pas- 
V| tor of St. Ambrose Church, was born in 
i\ Count}' Waterford, Ireland, October 31, 
1841. His primary education was acquired in ]\It. 
Melarv Seminary, where he prepared himself for 
college, after which he pursued a course in Carlow 
College, being graduated in philosophy and the 
English branches. It was in 1869 that he severed 
all the sacred relations which bound him to his home 
and fatherland and set sail for the United States, 
to liecome a minister in this country. At St. Vin- 
cents Theological Seminar}', Cape Girardeau, Mo., 
he completed his preparation for the ministry, and 
in 1870 came to Des Moines to be ordained by the 
Bishop of Omaha, his being the only ordination 
that has ever occurred in this city. Not long 
afterward he acoei)ted a call as an assistant in the 
Cathedral at Dubuque, where he remained a year, 
when he took charge of a parish at Cedar Falls. 
A short time afterward he was called to the pastor- 
ate of St. Antliony's Church at Davenport, Iowa. 
That church edifice was the first one built of rock 
in the city, and it is one of the oldest churches of 
the diocese. While acting as pastor of St. An- 
thony's he organized the parish of St. Mary'.s, 
built a fine church and parsonage, and gave it rank 
among the first congregations of the cit}-. As 
soon as it was able to support its own pastor. 
Father Flavin accepted the appointment, and there 
labored until 1885, when he came to St. Ambrose 
Church, this city. 

In 18.5.5 the congregation purchased from Tho- 
mas G. Given, two lots on the southeast corner of 
Sixtli and Locust Streets for the site of a Catholic 
Church. The following year a small frame house 
was erected, the lumber being hauled from Iowa 
City, and in 1858 an addition was made to accom- 
modate tiie increasing congregation. In 1863, 



luuliT the nianagemeut of the very Rev. Father 
.John F. Urazil, the present brick edifice was 
erected, laving a seating capacity of about nine 
hundred. This church property has just been sold 
for 1580,000, and ere long a magnificent church, 
inferior to none in the State, will be in ))rocess of 
construction. In connection with .St. Ambrose 
Church, a large parochial school is maintained by 
special contributions from the congregation, giv- 
ing instruction to three hundred and fifty pupils. 
From four communicants, the congregation has in- 
creased to over two thousand, and lias been twice 
divided, making two branches, St. Mary's and St. 
i^Iichaels, both strong congregations. 

Fatlier Flavin lias ministered to the people of 
Si. Ambrose Chureli for five years, and has grown 
ill favor not only witii his own congregation but 
witli all who know him. He is a gentleman of 
scholarly attainments, well informed on almost 
ever}' question, and takes an active interest in all 
the great social to[)ics. 

,,ILLIAiM .1. GASTON, of the firm of 
\ f\lll ^^^^^^ ^ Gaston, attorneys of Des Moines, 
was born in McDonough Count}', 111., Au- 
gust 14, 1842, and is a son of Tliomas and Sarah 
(Marr) Gaston. His father was born in Cincinnati, 
Ohio, and removed with his parents to Illinois in 
cliiUlliood, while the mother was a native of Ten- 
nessee. In ^larch, 1844. tlie family emigrateil to 
lowa and settled in Keokuk County, where J\Ir. 
Gaston engaged in agricultural pursuits. 

Our subject was reared to manhood upon the 
farm, and in the common schools of the neighbor- 
hood received his education. On the 14tli of 
August, 1.SG2, when twenty years of age, he left 
home to foUovv the fortunes ofj his countr}'. He 
enlisted as a niemljer of Company F, Thirtj-third 
Iowa Infantry, and served until December, 1863, 
when he was discharged for physical disaliiljty, 
brought on through the hardships and exposure of 
army life. He immediately returned to his home, 
and soon after entered upon the stud}' of law 
uiider tlie direction of G. II. Smith, Esq., of Sig- 

ourney, Iowa. On his admission to the bar in 
October, 1879, he formed a iiartnership with his 
former preceptor under the firm name of Smith iV 
Gaston, and continued in practice at .Sigourney 
until 1882, which witnessed his arrival in Des 
Moines. He then alone in practice until 
188.5, when the existing partnership with H. D; . 
Reeve was formed. Mr. (iaston has made a spe- 
cialty throughout his career .as a law3-er of the pro- 
secution of government claims, and the firm of 
Reeve & Gaston has built up an extensive practice 
in that branch of business. Both gentlemen are 
men of marked ability, and the liberal patronage 
which the}' receive tesUfies to their rank in the 

Mr. Gaston was married in Martinsliurg, Keokuk 
County, Iowa, in May, 1864, to Miss Cynthia Bol- 
torff, a native of Greensburg, Ind., and a daughter 
of George Boltorff. She died in 1869, leaving one 
child, a son, .John .J., who is now emi)loycd in the 
Milwaukee office of Reeve & Gaston. On the 22d 
of February, 1873, in Fairfield, Iowa, Jlr. Gaston 
was again married, his second union being with 
Miss Matilda Mowery, a daughter of David Mow- 
ery. Mrs. Gaston was born in .Jefferson County, 
Iowa, where her parents were among the early 

In politics, Mr. Gaston is a Republican, and 
while a, resident of Sigourney was Mayor of that 
city one term. Socially, he is a Royal Arch Mason, 
belonging to Martinsliurgh, Iowa, l^odge, A. F. & 
A. M., and to .Joppa Chapter, No. 12, R. A. M., of 
Sigourney, Iowa. He also holds membership in 
Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R.. of Des Moines. 

^^iRANVILLE G. DAVISSON, a real-estate 
ill <^»7 de.aler of Des Moines, was born in Taylor 
"^^Jj County, Va , April 16, 1846, and is a son of 
Josiah M. and Ann (Read) Davisson. His pater- 
nal grandfather, Jesse Davisson, was an ofiicer in 
the War of 1812, and died from the effects of ex- 
posure in the service. He was of Irish and his wife 
of Scotch descent. Unto them was born, in T.aylor 
County, Va., a son, whom they named Josiah. He 



was left an orphan when a small lad, and he and his 
brother were bound out and, as is too often the 
case, it was a grevious bondage. On reaching 
manhood he married Miss Read, who was born in 
Harbour Count3',Va., in 1 820, and is descended from 
a highly respected family of Irish extraction, her 
father iiaving been one of the prominent citizens 
of her native county. JosialvDavisson was engaged 
in farming and stock-raising, and was associated 
with his brother in the mercantile business in 
Pleasant Creek, Va., where for the long period of 
nineteen years, he also served as Postmaster. He 
was a strong anti-slavery man although a Southron 
b3' birth, and during the Civil War lendered good 
service to tlie Union cause in transporting supplies 
and mail for the army and in acting as guide for 
Oen. McClellan. In 18G5 he removed to Warren 
County, Iowa, where, with his estimable wife, he is 
still living. Both are zealous workers in the Meth- 
odist Cluirch. 

The subject of this sketch was the third child in a 
famil}- of nine children, five of whom are still liv- 
ing. His early education was confined to the dis- 
trict schools and at the age of eleven years he began 
to carry the mail in Virginia. Although very young 
when the war l)roke out, he was compelled by the 
Confederate sohliers to render them service, but as 
soon as the Federal forces gained possession of the 
countrj' he shouldered his gun and enlisted in the 
home guards. As his education was limited in early 
life, on coming to Iowa he attended the Indianola 
Seminary, after which he turned his attention to 
merchandising in Council Bluffs and subsequently 
in Logan, Iowa. For four years he served as Post- 
master at Oswego, Iowa, which position he resigned 
in 1868. Beturning to liis old home in Warren 
County, lie ftiUowed farming and tra<ling for some 
three years, when he received an a|)|)oiutmenl as 
clerk in the United States Mail Service, holding that 
position for three years. On the election of President 
Cleveland he resigned, and coming to Des Moines 
in 1884 opened a real-estate ollice. lie assisted in 
laying out Forest Park and has greatly added to 
thegrowlh of the city by improving residence prop- 
erty. He now owns both city and country i)ropert3', 
his possessions having been acquired by his own 
efforts. He is energetic,' industrious, and possesses 

excellent business ability. As a citizen he ranks 
high and has won the regard of all with whom he 
has come in contact. He has been a stanch sup- 
porter of the Republican party since its organiza- 
tion, but has never sought or desired political 

In 1870, 3Ir. Davisson was united in marriage 
with Catherine A. Van Haesen, a native of Iowa. 
Her father was born in New York, her mother in 
Ohio, but at an early day in the history of this 
State they were numbered among its citizens. To 
Mr. and Mrs. Davisson were born four children — 
Lester L., Herman D., M\'ra A. and Ethel. The 
mother departed this life in 1883, dying in the faith 
of the Methodist Church. Mr. Davisson is also a 
member of the church. 

' • ' ^- 

ARROLL AVRIGHT, of the law firm of 
Cummins & Wright, has been a resident of 
_ Des Moines since eleven years of age. His 
family has been prominenti}' identified with the bar 
of Polk County. He is a son of Judge George G. 
Wright and was born in Van Buren County, Iowa, 
on the 2 1st of October, 1854. In 18G.5 he accom- 
panied his father's family to this city aiid in its 
public schools prepared for college. He is a grad- 
uate of the Iowa .State Universitj', at Iowa Cit}', 
belonging to the class of 1875. On the completion 
of his college course he was employed in the office 
of the Imra Stale Rpyister for about two years, 
when in the spring of 1877, having made choice of 
the legal profession as a life work, he entered the 
law office of Wright, Gatch il- Wright, where he re- 
mained until becoming a student in the law depart- 
ment of Simpson Centenary College, from which 
he was graduated in 1878. Abont the time of his 
gi ablation .ludge Gatch withdrew from the above 
mentit)ned firm and our subject joined his father 
and brother, the remaining members, while the 
style of the lirm was changed to Wright t^' Wright, 
and this continued until 1881, when Mr. Cum- 
mins was admitted to i)artnersliip and the firm 
name changed to Wright, Cummins cfe Wright. 
Some time i)asscd and the Judge withdrew but the 



name remained unchanged. In 1886 the brother 
of our subject also severed his connection, on ac- 
count of liaving been appointed Division Solicitor 
of the Chicago, Rock Island >& Pacilic Railroad 
Company, by which he is now employed as Gen- 
eral Attorney. No change in the firui occurred 
since that date, the partners being ]\Ir. Cummins, a 
sketfth of whom is given elsewhere in this work, 
and Carroll Wright. Both ai-e gentleman of culture, 
aliility and business resources. They receive a lib- 
eral patronage and their corporation Ijusinessin the 
line of their profession perhaps outranks all others 
in Iowa. 

In 1879, Mr, Wright was united in marriage with 
Miss Nellie Elliott, the accomplished daught?r of 
the Hon. .John A. Elliott, who was formerly State 
Auditor of Iowa. His death occurred in Des 
Moines in August, 1877. The 3'oung couple rank 
high in social circles and have an extensive ac- 
quaintance among the best people of Polk County. 

— V 


'll-^ ENRY T. MARRIOTT, owner of one of the 
jfji} hnest farms in Bloomficld township, sit- 
'J^^^ uated on section 34, is a native of the 
(^) Buckeye State. He was born in Licking 
County, Ohio, NovendDer 28, 1833. his [larents 
being Joshua and Sarah (Brown) Marriott, both of 
whom were natives of ]\Iaryland, the former born 
in 1800, tracing his ancestry back to France, while 
the latter was of Irish ancestry. They were mar- 
ried in Pennsylvania, and soon afterward emi- 
grated to Ohio, becoming pioneers of that State. 
After assisting his father i:i develo(iing a farm he 
entered land for himself and made a home. In the 
earl}' days he often killed deer, bear and raanj- 
other kinds of wild animals. Indians were still 
numerous in the settlement, and he underwent all 
the hardships and privations of pioneer life. The 
farm which he developed continued to be his home 
until his death, which occurred in the summer of 
18G(i. His remains were laid by those of his wife, 
who died thirty years before and buried in the 
cemetery of IMartinsliurg, Ohio. .loshua Marriott 
was a man well known in the county. He was up- 

right and honorable in all his dealings, was genial 
in disposition and made friends wherever he went. 
He gave his support to the princii)les of the Dem- 
ocratic party, and in religious belief subscribed to 
the doctrine of the Presbyterians, his wife being a 
member of that church. There were seven chil- 
dren in the family to which our subject belonged, 
lire of whom are yet- living, namely: .Tames H.; 
William R. ; Permelia, wife of Joseph Jewell, of 
MorrovT County, Ohio; Mary E., wife of Benom 
Simkins, of IJeking County, Ohio; and Henry. 
After the death of the mother of these children, 
Mr. Marriott wedded Elizabeth Johnson and unto 
them were born eleven children. Those now liv- 
ing are: Angeline, widow of Charlie BIcWilliams, 
of Knox County, Ohio; John P., Joshua N., Green- 
berry and Elizabeth E. Mrs. Elizabeth Marriott 
survived her husband until 1878. 

When a lad we find our subject learning his les- 
sons in an old log schoolhouse, such as were com- 
mon at that day. The seats were made of slabs 
and the desks were formed of planks placed upon 
|)ins, which projected from the logs about eighteen 
inches. Mr. Merriott remained at home until 
about twenty-one years of age when, in company 
with three young men of the neighborhood, he left 
home for tlie West. They journeyed by rail to 
Rock Island and thence walked to Mt. Vernon, Linn 
County, Iowa, a distance of sixty-five miles. They 
all secured positions as farm hands, but after two 
months the others returned home. Mr. Blarriott, 
however, remained until spring, then retr.aced his 
steps to Ohio. He .again worked with his father 
until the following fall when, on the 28th of Sep- 
tember, 1855, he was joined in wedlock with Eliza- 
bet li A. Rice, and two weeks later the young 
coujile started by team to Lisbon, Iowa, where 
they remained until April, when they removed to 
Adair County, j\Io., where they s|)ent four years. 
During that time our subject was engaged in farm- 
ing, but crops proved a failure, his health was 
broken down with fever and ague and he resolved 
to return to the North. Gathering his household 
effects together he started for Henry County, Iowa. 
Locating upon a farm he engaged in its cultivation 
for two yea'.s, after which he purchased property 
in Mt. Pleasant, and eni;:i<>ed in mei'cantile trade 



very successfully for about twelve mouths. He 
wished, however, to devote his attention to farming 
and selling out purchased land, which after culti- 
vating for a year he disposed of at a profit of 
^1300. He then p^id -SlTOO cash for a farm of one 
hundred and twenty acres, which five years later 
he sold for 84500, after which he removed to Polk 
County and, in tiie fall of 1870, purchased one 
lumdred and forty-five acres of lajid in Crocker 
Township, which he engaged in cultivating for 
tliirteen years. In the meantime he extended its 
boundaries until it comprised two hundred and 
fort}' acres. He then gave forty acres each to his 
two children, leaving him one hundred and sixty 
acres. Later he purchased a six-acre tract of land 
in Valley Township, near tiie line of North Des 
Moines, but after a year removed to his present 
farm of one hundred acres, for wliicli he gave 
88,500. It is one of the finest farms in the 
county and is located onl}- four miles from the 
State capitoI. The residence is a large brick 
dwelling, which is surrounded by all the imiirove- 
ments necessary to a model farm. He raises an 
excellent grade of stock of all kinds, and ships 
butter on quite an extensive scale. By tiic union 
of Henry nnd Elizabeth Marriott six children 
were born, three of whom are now living: Will- 
iam H.,who resides in Crocker Township; Martha, 
wife of Scott Howard, of Sayloi Township; and 
Charles Tildon, who is still at home. The mother 
died on the 8th of June, 1876, and on the 1st of 
November, 1877, Mr. Marriott wedded Eunice 
Larason, a native of Knox County, Ohio, and a 
daughter of Thomas and Melinda (Craig) Larason, 
tlie former a native of New Jersey, the latter of 
Ohio, while both are of English descent. 

Mr. Marriott started in life a poor boy but has 
gradually worked his way upward to a position of 
afluenee. Energetic and persevering and ambi- 
tious to succeed for the sake of his family, he has 
overcome all disadvantages and now has one of 
the best homes in the count}'. He has advocated 
the principles of the Democratic party since at- 
taining his majority and has Iield a number of town- 
ship ollices, including that of trustee. He was nominated for County Supervisor, but owing 
to the Kepublican party being in the majoritj- he 

was defeated. Both he and his wife are members 
of the Christian Church and lake an active part in 
its advancement. Charitable and benevolent they 
have contriljuted libcrall}' to all worthy enter- 
prises, and have made for themselves many friends 
in the community. 



ILLIAM A. DRAKE has for a third of a 

M century been connected with the agricult- 
„ „ ural interests of the count}', and is now 
engaged in general farming and stock-raising on 
section 34, Bloomfield Township. He is a native 
of the Empire State, his birth having occurred in 
Orange County Maich 3, 18-26. On the paternal 
side the family is of Holland origin, and on the 
maternal of Scotch descent. Jededinh Drake, his 
father, was a native of New York and died in 
Broome County ,N. Y. He wedded Matilda Oakley, 
a native of the same State and they became the 
parents of seven children: John, a resident of Long 
Island ; Elizabeth, who is living in Orange County, 
N. Y. ; Jonas, of Crawford County. Wis. ; William, of 
this sketch; Thomas, (deceased); Sarah, wife of Ho- 
ratio Gibbs, of Broome County, N. Y., and Hannah, 
wife of George Didrick, residing in Broome County. 
The father of this family served his country as a 
soldier in the War of 1812. during which he was 
taken prisoner in Canada but was afterward recapt- 
ured by the American forces and brought back to 
this country. His death occurred in 1863 and his 
wife died in 1884. 

From the tender age of eight years our subject, 
William Drake, has made his own way in the world. 
He left his parents when a lad and went to make 
his home with an uncle, with whom he remaine.l 
five years, during which time he received a limited 
education but was reared to habits of industry, 
enterprise and good management, which have been 
of much benefit to him in after life. When a lad 
of thirteen years he began working as a farm hand 
for 87 per month, which position he retained three 
years, when he engrtged in jobbing until his mar- 
riage, which was celcliraled February 25, 1849, 
Miss Roxann-i Andrews becoming his wife. The 



young- couple began llieir domestic life upon a 
icnlod farm in lUoome Countj", N. Y., and in con- 
nection with the cultivation of that land Mr. Drake 
engaged in the dairy business until 1857, when he 
determined to try his fortune in the West. lie 
chose Polk County, Iowa, as the scene of his future 
operations and, accompanied by his famil3^ made 
his way l.iy rail to Iowa C'it}', completing the jour- 
ney by stage to Ft. Dcs Moines, where he spent four 
years engaged in various occupations. At the ex- 
l)iration of that time he rented land and once more 
resumed farming, which he carried on until ISGG, 
when he purchased eighty acres of land on section 
31, Bloomfield Township. Since that time he has 
extended its boundaries until one hundred and 
twenty acres pay tribute to his care and cultiva- 
tion. He erectet! a house upon his land, and after 
seeing <that his family was comfortably situated 
devoted his entire energies to his business interests. 
Although he is now numlicred among the |)rosperous 
farmers of the comuuiuit}', this result was not at- 
tained without much labor. He has always been 
an industrious and energetic man and has gradually 
worked his way upward step by step. 

Unlike many who have been blessed with pros- 
perity, Mr. Drake has always taken a deep interest 
in the welfare of the county and has given liberally 
to the sj,ipport of those enteriH'ises which were cal- 
culated for its advancement. All social, moral and 
educational interests have found in him a warm 
friend, and of the cause of temperance he is a 
stanch advocate, considering no labor too great 
which will promote temperance sentiment among 
the people. lie cast bis lirst I'residential vote for 
James Birney, the Abolition candidate, and next for 
Martin Van Buren, the nominee of the same party. 
In the meantime a new party being formed, 
the Reiiublican, ar.'d John C. Fremont was its first 
candidate for the office of Chief Magistrate of this 
Nation. Since that time Mr. Drake has never failed 
to cast his liallot in its support. Ilis residence in 
this county covers a period of thirty-three years, 
and with the advance of time still others are 
added to his list of friends who hold him in high 
regard for his sterling worth, strict integrity and 
usefulness as a citizen. His wife is equally beloved 
and is a most estimalile l.-nly. Her inlluence is felt 

for good in the community and she holds a high 
position in the social world where true worth is 
taken as a standard. 

The union of this worthy couple has been blessed 
with seven children, but Charles O., the first-born, 
is now deceased. William is a resident of Ft. Col- 
lins, Colo.; Georgie Ann is the wife of George 
Frcedman, a merchant of Grimes, Iowa; Albert is 
a resident of I'olk County; John is also engaged in 
merchandising in Polk County; Edla is at liome, 
and Helen is the wife of AVilliam Deets, a resident 
farmer of Warren County, Iowa. Mrs. Drake, the 
mother of these children, is a daughter of Philo and 
Roxanna (Meecliam) Andrews, the former a native 
of Connecticut, tlie latter of New York. By trade 
Mr. Andrews was a blacksmith anil followed that 
occupation until old age, accompanied by the usual 
failing health, forced him to lay aside all business 
cares. He continued his residence in Chenango 
County until his death, which occurred in I8G3. 
His excellent wife, surviving him eight years, died 
in 1871. Both were members of the Old School 
Presbyterian Church and were greatly respected 
bv those who knew them. The following is the 
record of their living children: Betsy is the wifeof 
Stephen Bly, of Steuben County, N. Y.; Mary is the 
widow of Gideon Burslcy, of Essex County, Del.: 
Philo makes his home in Chenango Count}', N. Y.: 
Roxanna, wife of our subject, is the nest younger; 
Jlartha is the wife of Volney Roe, of CortLand 
County, N. Y. ; Melissa is the wife of Chauncey 
Manning, also of Cortland County, and Emily is 
the wife of John H. Day of the same county. Five 
members of the family are now deceased. 

'^T/ USTIN CLARK is a representative of one 
u| of the pioneer families of Polk County. 
IS' He is now engaged in farming and stock- 
raising on section 3.5, Bloomfield Town- 
shi|), and ranks among the respected citizens of 
the community. He first opened his eyes to the 
light of day in Oneida County, N. Y., October 16, 
1839, and is a son of Ezekiel and Mary (Edick) 
Clark. His father was a New York farmer, and 



carried on operations in tliat line in tlie Empire 
State until 1859, when he emigrated with his family 
to this count}-. The first winter was spent in Des 
Moines, after whicli he removed to Adair County, 
where in connection with farming he engaged quite 
extensively in the manufacture of cheese and butter. 
A year later he went to the mines of Color.ido, and 
during his five months' residence in that State was 
quite successful in his search for the golden ore. 
He returned home in October of the some year, 
and the next spring embarked in the daily business, 
keeping about thirt}' cows for that purpose. The 
butter and cheese which he made were of such an 
excellent quality that he found a ready sale for his 
products, and engaged in their manufacture on an 
extensive scale. In the spring of 1862 we again 
find him a resident of Polk County, where he car- 
ried on the same line of business near the site nOw 
occupied by the State House. After continuing 
operations on that farm for about seven years, he 
[jurchased four hundred acres of land in Bloom- 
field Township, which was still in its primitive 
condition, not a furrow having been turned or au 
improvement made. He removed his family into 
a little schoolhouse and then built a barn, in which 
they resided until the fall of the same year, during 
which time he erected a commodious and sulistan- 
tial brick residence, which is still one of the best 
homes in the township, the house and barn costing 
between i?8,000 and >? 10,000. Tiie barn is eighty 
feet in length by thirt\--six feet in width, and is 
therefore one of the largest as well as one of the 
best in the county. INIr. Clark still continued to 
engage in the manufacture of cheege and butter in 
connection with the cultivation of his land until he 
acquired a handsome proi)ert3'. He was always 
watchful for the inteiests of the family, and was 
not s.atisHed until he had provided them with a 
handsome home, the exterior of which is cot only 
pleasing, but it is adorned (vitiiin by many works 
of art, and beautiful .and tasty furniture. 

I\Ir. Clark had a wide acquaintance in Polk 
County, and by all was held in high regard as a 
worth}-, upright citizen. He held a numlicr of 
local ofiiccs, and in ijolitics was a stanch supporter 
of the Democratic party. Socially, he was a mem- 
ber of the M.asonic fralernitv during his n^sidence 

in the Empire State, and in religious faith was a 
Methodist. Although he gave liberally to all public 
enterprises, the church had the firmest hold on his 
sympathies, and he never wearied in his efforts to 
advance its interests. He brought happiness to 
himself in making others happy, and his memory 
will long be enshrined in the hearts of many on 
account of his deeds of charit}-, acts of kindness 
and expressions of sympathy. Consumption at 
last fastened itself upon Mr. Clark, and on the lOtli 
of April, 1885, at the age of sixty-nine years, he 
dropped peacefully asleep. H^s remains were in- 
terred in Pleasant Ridge Cemetery, of Warren 
County. Mrs. Clark, who is a most estimable 
lady, survives her husband and is still living on 
the old homestead, where she expects to spend the 
remainder of her days. There many happy years 
of her married life were passed, and the associations 
which cluster about it make it very dear to her. 

A famil}' of seven children was born unto this 
worthy couple — Lester, the eldest, is now a resi- 
dent of Bloomfield Township; Austin is the sec- 
ond in order of birth; Francillo is also living in 
Bloomfield Township; Mary is now deceased; Wel- 
tha is the wife of Nat McClelland, of Polk County; 
Welcome is living on the old homestead; and 
Esther, the youngest, has passed awa}'. 

Our subject remained at homo until his mar- 
riage, and like a dutiful son assisted his father in 
the ';ultivation of the home farm. Having arrived 
at years of maturity, he led to the marri.age altar 
Miss Luc3' J. Goodhue, the weibling being cele- 
brated January 22, 1873. The parents of Mrs. 
Clark, Joseph W. and Mary (Ordwaj?) (ioudluie. 
were both natives of New Hampshire, r.nd resided 
in that State until life was ended. The mother 
died in 184t!, but her husband survived until 1859. 
Unto them were born four children — Franklin. 
Mary A., Lucy J. and Martha A. 'I'he |)arcnts of 
this family led earnest Christian lives, and in the 
community wliei'c they made their home were held 
in high regard. 

After his marriiige RL-. CUark took possession of 
his portion of the property', consisting of eight}- 
acres of land on section 85, Bloomfield Township, 
and forty .acres in Dallas County. He also owned 
twenty head of cattle, thirt\' head of hogs and a 

THE NEW Yn^iv"" 1 
PUBLIC Li [ ' 

ASTO?-,, LL.N'L 





span of good horses. With this beginning he 
started in life under favorable circumstances, and 
having lieeu reared to agricultural pursuits, his 
efforts in that direction have been quite successful. 
In 1877, however, he rented his farm and removed 
with his family to Dcs Moines, where for five and 
a half years he engaged in the livery business. At 
the expiration of that time lie returned to his home 
in Bh^omfield Township, and purchasing eighty 
acres of land adjoining his original farm, has there 
resided continuonslj' since. He lias engaged in 
stock-raising to a considerable extent, and makes a 
specialty of Durham cattle. He entertains practi- 
cal and progiessive ideas, and by the citizens of 
the community is regarded as one of the enterpris- 
ing and wortiiy young farmers of the townslii|). 
In [lolilics, he is a Democrat. On all matters of 
public interest he keep himself vvell informed, and 
can therefore converse intelligently on almost any 

Mr. and Mrs. Clark have an interesting family of 
four chiklren — Alice J., Ilallett A., Mary O. and 
Warren E. They have also lost one child — Mabel E. 

"i¥| ONATilAN V. NICHOLSON, one of the 
] well-to-do farmers anfl general stock-raisers 
1 of Bloorafield Township, residing on soc- 
(^^ / tion 24, was born in Clarksville, AVarieii 
County, (Jhio, September 23, 1832, and is the son 
of Abraham and Sarah (Peacock) Nicholson. His 
great-grandfather was the founder of the family in 
America. He left his home in Scotland and settled 
in this country during the Colonial days, and for 
five years served in the Revolutionary War. He 
then left the army but his health was so broken 
down that he died three months later. The grand- 
father of our subject was a native of North Caro- 
lina and his father, Abraham Nicholson, of Warren 
County, Ohio. The latter wedded Sarah Peacock, 
who was born in New Jersey of English descent, 
her parents being natives of England. By occupa- 
tion, Abraham Nicholson was a blacksmith and 
carried on that business for a number of years in 
Clarksville, Ohio. Accompanied by his family in 

1836, he removed to Hamilton County, Ind., where 
he purchased three hundred acres of timber land. 
Building a shop of logs he resumed work at his 
trade, hiring men to clear his farm. H^ did an 
excellent blacksmi thing business and succeeded in 
placing two hundred and forty acres under a state 
of cultivation. In 18-18 he was elected County 
Commissioner of Hamilton County. Energetic and 
ambitious he proved himself a valued citizen, la- 
boring not only for his own interest but doing 
much for the advancement of the countj'. Many 
other public oflices he held and in all cases gave the 
best satisfaction. He was liberal with his means in 
the support of public enterprises, was a man vvell in- 
formed on the leading issues of the day, and by those 
who knew him was held in high regard. Socially', he 
was a Mason, politically, a Whig, and religionsly, 
a member of the Free-Will Ba|)tist Church. He 
was called to his final rest in March, 1876, at the 
age of seventy-five jears and his loss was deeply 
mourned by his many friends. His excellent wife 
l)assed away in 1879 at the .age of seventy-six 
years. She shared in the esteem in which her hus- 
band was held and well mei'ited the respect tend- 
ered her. 

To this worthy couple was born a family of nine 
children, five of whom are now living: Mary Ann, 
wife of Sharon Jones, who resided on the old home- 
stead in Hamilton Country, Ind.; .lonathan, of this 
sketch ; Almeda, widow of J. W. Evans, of Hamil- 
ton County; Hannah, wife of Franklin Bratton, 
of Cowley County, Kan. ; Albert, a resident of Chey- 
enne County, Neb. 

Although born in Ohio, Mr. Nicholson was 
reared on a farm in Hamilton County, Ind., where 
he received such educational advantages as the 
common schools afforded. In those days, however. 
they were not of the best. Farmer lads usually 
had to assist in the cultivation of the laud during 
the summer months, only attending school during 
a short winter season, and his experience was not an 
exception to this rule. The sunshine, the rain or 
the snow, according to the weather, made its way 
through the roof into the school room, and often- 
times the scholars when taking their books for the 
days work would have to shake the snow off before 
they could determine which volume they had. Mr. 



Nicliolson assumed almost the entire management 
of the farm at the age of sixteen years. He worked 
hard and helped his parents secure a comfortable 
home a^id when this was done, at the age of twenty 
years, he started out in life for himself. He went 
first to Clay County, 111., to improve a piece of 
land which his father had given him and two years 
later, in 1855, removed to Steele County, Minn., 
where he took up a homestead, upon which he re- 
sided eighteen months. His next place of residence 
was Madison County, Iowa, where he worked at the 
carpenter's trade for two years. The following 
spring he drove an ox-team from Winterset, IMadi- 
son County, to Baker County, Ore., reaching his 
destination after four months. He located in a 
small mining town called Auburn, where he worked 
at the carpenter's trade until the following spring, 
when he went to Boise County, Idaho. In part- 
nership with a gentleman who had accompanied him 
to the West, he there engaged in farming and gar- 
dening, raising vegetables for the city market. His 
efforts in that line were quite successful and he 
continued operations for three years, when he de- 
termined to return to the East. In the autumn of 
1866, accompanied by two friends, he started on 
horseback across the plains, arriving in Winterset 
after some four 3-ears absence. AVlien he left for 
the West he had no capital but returned with 
85,250 as his share of the proceeds of the trip. 
Once more he resumed work at carpentering and 
succeeded in establishing a good trade but in 1868 
he abandoned that business and purchased two 
hundred acres of land on section 24, Bloomfield 
Township, Polk Count3', where he has since resided. 
His farm was then in its primitive condition but 
he had not forgotten the training of his youth and 
ere long waving fields of grain greeted the eye 
where before were barren prairies. 

On the 30th of June, 1868, Mr. Nicholson was 
united in marriage with Miss Sarah A. Ross,who was 
born August 16, 1847, in Warren County, Ohio. Her 
birth occurred on a farm only six miles distant from 
that on which her husband was born, but although 
living within such close proximity' in their early 
childhood they did not become acquainted until 
both had taken up their residence in Madison 
County. Iowa. The ladv is a daughter of Cun- 

ningham and Mar}- J. (EmerjO Ross, who were 
also natives of the Bueke^^e State, the former born 
of Irish parentage, the latter of Scotch descent.. 
Mr. Ross made farming his life occupation, carry- 
ing on operations in that line in Warren County 
until 1856, when he moved to Illinois and thence 
came to Madison County. His death occurred in 
September, 1888, but his wife is still living. They 
were the parents of eight children — Sarah A., John 
D., Henrjr E., Silas W., Susan I., Lawson, Marietta 
and I'err}' C. To Mr. and Mrs. Nicholson have 
been born six children — Lewis E., AJmeda. Otis, 
Loren, Alva L., and N'ernon. J'he family circle 
remains unbroken and all are still with their par- 

After erecting a good frame residence upon his 
farm Mr. Nicholson at once began its development 
and his labors have not been without their result. 
He has made other improvements, has built barns 
and outbuildings, raises excellent grades of stock, 
and has everything necessary to a model farm. 
Politically, he is a Democrat and has served as 
Road Supervisor and .School Director, holding the 
latter office fourteen years. He is well known 
throughout the community as a worth}- citizen, just 
and honorable in all his dealings ami is a represent- 
ative f.armerof Polk County. See portraits of Mr. 
and Mrs. Nicholson on another page. 

?RANK L. DA^TS is engaged in general 
^"i farming and stock-raising on section 14, 
1^ Bloomfield Township, where he has made 

his home for the past twenty-two years. His entire 
life has been spent in this county, and with its 
interests he has been prominently identified. He 
was born in a little frame house which stood on 
the corner of Walnut and Seventh Streets, in Des 
Moines, December 7, 1858, and is a representative 
of one of the pioneer families of the community. 
His father, Joseph D. Davis, a native of Ohio, fol- 
lowed the occupation of carpentering in the city 
of Dayton, the place of his birth, until 1847, when 
he became a resident of Lulianapolis, Ind. Two 
years later we find him en route for Des Moines, 



which he found to be a mere hamlet, eonsistinji of 
a few log cabins and Governiuent buildings. Not 
a frame house was in sight, and the greater part 
of the land was undeveloped praiiie. His family 
resided in a log cabin until he could erect a better 
residence and underwent manj' hardships and difU- 
cultics incident to life on the frontier. Although 
the county was but sparsely settled at the time of 
his arrival, emigrants soon came pouring in, and 
he had all the work which he could possibly at- 
tend to. lie had in his immediate employ twenty 
men, and also superintended the building of the 
barracks by the soldiers. He continued at his 
trade for a year, when he formed a partnership in 
the hardware business with Granville Holland, the 
firm continuing to operate quite successfully in 
that line for five years. Having a chance to sell 
at a good profit, Mr. Davis then disposed of his 
interest and resumed contracting and building, 
which he carried on extensively until 1868. A 
proficient workman and capable foreman, he knew 
how to use his employes to the best advantage, 
and the able manner in which the work was always 
done led to his securing a liberal patronage. He 
furnished employment to from twenty to twenty- 
live men, and oftentimes refused work which was 
offered hiia. He abandoned that occupation in 
1868, however, and purchased three hundred and 
twenty acres of land in liloomfield Townsiiip, 
where our subject now resides. After erecting a 
house thereon, he removed his family to their 
new home and devoted his energies to the develop- 
ment of the wild land, which he transformed into 
a fine farm. Mr. l^avis w.os well-known throughout 
the counl3', and hold the offices of Road Supervisor 
and School Director. He supported the Repub- 
lican party and took an active part in political af- 
fairs, quite frequentl3- attending the conventions 
as a delegate. Socially, he was a member of the 
Masonic fraternity, having united with the Des 
Moines Lodge on its organization. 

The wife of Mr. Davis, whose maiden name was 
Elizabeth Shoemaker, was a native of North Caro- 
lina. Their marriage was celebrated in Ohio, and 
unto them was Ijorn a familj' of ten children, but 
(iidy four are now living. Henry C, the eldest, 
resides with Frank, who is the sixth in order of 

birth, on the homestead ; Charles F. is a traveling- 
salesman; and Kittie makes her home with her 
brothers. The father of this family after a long 
and useful life of seventy years passed away, in 
June, 1886. His wife was called to her final rest, 
April 5, 1885, at the age of sixty-two years, and 
their remains lie liuricd, side by siile, in Green- 
wood Cemetery. 

Until ten >ears of age, Frank Davis remaincil 
in his native city, and then removed to the farm 
which has since been his home. His early life 
passed away uneventfully, being spent in the usual 
manner of farmer lads. He assisted his parents in 
their labors until their deaths, when he assumed 
the management of the old homestead. The farm, 
which has so long been in the possession of the 
family, is one of the best in the county, having 
all the modern improvements and everything ne- 
eessai'y to a model farm. 

On the 21st of January, 18'J0, Mr. Davis was 
united in marriage with Miss Minnie tV. Roth, the 
accomplished daughter of William and Jlarj' (Boos) 
Roth, who are among the jjioneersof I'olk County, 
and are now residing in Walnut Township. The 
young couple have many warm friends throughout 
the communitj', and in the social world are held in 
high regard. Mr. Davis supports the Republican 
part}', and has served as Treasurer of Bloomfield 
Township. He ranks among the leading joung 
farmers of Polk County, is an energetic and indu.s- 
trious man and a |)rogressive citizen. 

\f^^ARRON CASE, of the real-estate firm of 
im^ Case & Porter, of Des Moines, is numbered 
!]^ among the earl}' settlers of Polk County. 
He was born in Delaware County, Ohio, May 13, 
1831, and belongs to a family of four children born 
unto Thomas F. and Sarah A. (Bush) Case. On 
both sides he is descended from old and highlj' re- 
spected New England families. His paternal grand- 
father followed farming in Connecticut during his 
earlier years, but afterward emigrated to Ohio, lo- 
cating in Delaware County. Thomas F., son of the 



latter, was born in Conuectiout, but was reared in 
the Buckeye State, and on attaining years of ma- 
turity wedded Miss Busb. She was a native of 
New York, but like her Inisband, came to Ohio 
in childhood witli her parents. Mr. Case followed 
farming in Ohio until 1855, when he became 
a resident of Polk County, Iowa, locating near 
Des Moines. The now populous and beautiful city, 
then consisted of a few one-story frame business 
houses .surrounded by log cabins and shanties, 
while East Des Moines was a dense forest. Here 
he again resumed farming, wliich he followed until 
iiis death. He was universally known as Maj. 
Case, a title which he won in the days when the 
law required all citizens to spend a certain time 
each year in drilling for militar}' service. He sup- 
ported tiie Whig i>arty in politics until the organ- 
ization of the Republican party, when he ardently 
espoused its principles. He was a member of the 
Episcopal Church, and died at the age of sixty- 
two years, a higldy respected citizen. His wife also 
united with the Episcopal Church, but in after life 
became a member of the Baptist Church. She is 
.still living, at tiie advanced .age of eighty-seven 
years, and makes her home with a son, in 
Three of their children are yet living — Nathan T., 
a nurseryman of this city: Isaac, a farmer, of Kan- 
sas; and Farrou. 

The days of his boyhood and youth our subject 
spent upon his fatlier's farm. His primary educa- 
tion, received in tiie district schools, was supple- 
mented b}' a partial course in college, where he 
pursued his studies for a year .and a half. At the 
expiration of tiiat time, he accompanied his father 
to Polk County, Iowa, but in 185(i returned to 
Ohio and married Miss Elizabeth Wiley, a native 
of Franklin County. Accompanied by his young 
bride, he once more crossed the Father of Waters 
and located on a farm in Hloomfleld Townsliii), 
where he made his home until 187C. He was quite 
successful in iiis agricultural pursuits, acquiring 
a liandsorae property. Init in the year above-men 
tioned he laid aside his old occupation and re- 
moved to Des Moines, where lie is now eugaged in 
the real-estate and loan business as a member of 
the finn of Case & Porter. He has been associated 
witii several partners, his connection with W. B. 

Porter being formed in May, 1887. He and his 
estimable wife expect to spend their Last daj'S in 
this city. By tlicir upright and useful lives they 
liave won many friends in the cominunity, by 
whom they are held in high regard. For nearly a 
lifetime Mrs. Case has been a member of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, and her husband lias re- 
cently joined that bod3\ They have always been 
liberal supporters of the work. Their family num- 
bers but two children — Charles W. and Lizzie L. 

Mr. Case was formerly a AVliig, but since tiic 
dissolution of that party has been a stanch Eepub- 
iiean. He has lived a quiet life, never having 
sought political preferment at the hands of his fel- 
low-citizens, content to devote his time and atten- 
tion to his business interests. He is well and 
favorably known throughout the county, v.ith the 
business interests of which he has been identiBed 
for thirtj'-four years. His dealings with his fel- 
low-men have been characterized bj' justness and 
upiiglitness. Honesty in business has won him 
patronage and friends, and the firm of Case & 
Porter ranks among the first of Des Moines. 



<^ )V,ALTER McHENRY, wiio is engaged in 
\/\/i/ ''''^ pr.actice of law in Des Moines, was 
\^yj born in this city on the 6th of Fel)ruary, 
1862, and is a son of .Tudge William II. McHenry, 
an eminent lawyer and well-known pioneer of Polk 
County. Walter received excellent educational 
advantages, and on completing his course in the 
Iowa Agricultural College, at Amos, entered upon 
the study of the legal profession with his elder 
brotlicr, William II. McIIenrj', .Ir. lie was ad- 
mitted to the bar in 1886, and embarked ujion his 
professional career as a partner of his iirother, but 
later joined his father with whom he has since been 
.associated in business. 

In 1887, Jlr. McHenry was joined in wedlock 
with Miss Lou Cummins, .'ind their unidii has 
been blessed witli one child, a daughter. 'I'his 
young couple hold a high position in the social 
world, and are widely known in the city of Des 
Moines. Mr. McHenry, socially, is a Knight of 



Pythias, bclongiug to Capital Lodge, No. 29, and 
also to the Independent Order of Red Men. He is 
a Democrat in politics, and was a candidate of his 
party for Secretary of Slate at tlie election in No- 
vember, 1889. Lil<e all otiiers on the ticket, with 
the exception of the candidate for (governor, he 
was defeated, but he ran far ahead of- the usual 
Democratic ballot polled, a fact which indicates his 
personal popularity among; Republicans as well as 
his own constituents. He was elected City Solicitor 
for the city of Des Moines, on March 3, 1890. 

W ESTER CATE is one of the enterprising 
I (^ ''■"'^ successful business men of Polk County, 
/I '— ^Vi Iowa, Iteing now senior partner of the firm 
of Cate i\-' Graham, proprietors of the Des Moines 
Transfer Compan}'. Tlie history of his life is as 
follows. He was born in Sussex, England, on the 
3d of May, 1830, being a son of Stephen and .Jane 
(Bray) Cate, who were also of English birtii. He 
was reared to manhood in his native county, liut 
in 1852, when twenty-two years of age, left home 
and went to London, where one of tlie most im- 
portant events of his life occurred. In that city 
he formed the acquaintance of Miss Amelia Mc- 
Merrill, and on the 9th of June, 1854, they were 
united in the holy bonds of matrimony. The lady 
was a daughter of John McJIerrill. She w.ts born 
in London, but was only permitted to enjoy a few 
short years of married life. She died in 1859, 
leaving one child, a son, Stei)hen E. 

In June, 1857, Mr. Cate emigrated to America 
and came direct to Des Moines, where he has since 
resided. On his arrival in this city, then a small 
town of little importance, he began teaming and, 
in 1861, purchased an interest in the Transfer bus- 
iness. In 18G8, he organized the Des Moines 
Transfer Company, with Setli Graliam as partner, 
and since that time the firm of Cate A Graham has 
carried on tiie business with marlvcd success. 
, Mr. Cate was again married in this city, Janu- 
ary 1, 18(;3, to Miss Martha A King, a daugliter 
of John King. She was born in Huntingtonshiro, 
England, and came to America in 1851. l*V)ur 

children blessed their union, one son and three 
daughters. Willie E. is an employe of the Hawkej'e 
Insurance Company, of Des Moines; Jennie S. is 
the wife of Homer U. Collins, of Murfreesboro, 
Tenn.; Carrie E. and Annie L. are unmarried. 
Stephen E., the only child of the first marriage, 
was born in London, wediled :\Iiss Nellie I'orter, of 
Des Moines, and is an adjuster of the Guardian In- 
surance Company, of England, making his head- 
quarters in this cit}'. 

In politics, Mr. Cate is independent. He was 
reared under the auspices of tlie Eiiiscopal Church, 
but is now holding nieinbership with no religious 
denomination. His wife, however, is a member of 
the First Baptist Cliurcli,of Des Moines. Socially 
our subject is a Knight Templar IMason, belongincr 
to Pioneer Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M.; Corinth- 
ian Chapter, No. 14, R. A. M. ; and Temple Com- 
mandery. No. 4, K. T., in all of which his son, 
Stephen E, also holds membership. The Des 
Moines Transfer Company, of which Mr. Cate is se- 
nior partner, employs some twelve men, and is the 
oldest established company in that line in the cit)'. 
Individualljr, Mr. Cate lias been in the business 
twenty-nine years, and by his industry and enter- 
prise has secured a competence. He is a man of 
broad views, upright and honorable in all his rela- 
tions with the world, and is recognized as one of the 
substantial men of Des Moines, both physically 
and financially. 



LINDLEY PORTER, M. D., of Des Moines, 
is a native of the Keystone State. He was 
^ born on the utli of November, 1817, in Fa}'- 
ette County, and is the son of Jloses Porter, who 
was born in Maryland,January 10, 1804, and wiicn 
thirty-four years of age, in 183G, removed to Penn- 
sylvania, where he made his home until laj'ing aside 
the cares and toils of this life to enter upon the world 
beyond, in 1880. Ilis wife was, in her maiden- 
hood. Miss Amy Wade. She was born in April, 
1810, in Allegany County, Md., and still resides 
on tlie old homestead in Pennsjlvania. Of their 
eight survivinsj; cliildren, including five sons and 



two daughters, the Doctor is the youngest. They 
had five otlier children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters but they are now deceased. Dr. G. E., the 
eldest of the family, served as Lieutenant-Colonel 
in the Second Regiment, Maryland United States 
Infantry, in the War of the Rebellion, to which po- 
sition he was promoted from Major of the same 
command. He died December 30, 1889, while en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine in Lonaconing, 
Md.; Samuel resides in Mt. Pleasant, Pa.; James 
D., is living in Owensdale, Pa.; George W. and 
Elisha C, are residents of Scottdale, Westmore- ' 
land County, Pa.; Rebecca, is the wife of .John 
Keyser; and Lydia is living in Fayette County, Pa. 

The Porter family was founded in this country 
by John Porter, a native of Gloucestershire, Eng- 
land, who gained the displeasure of the reigning 
monarch-^George I — by composing and singing a 
song uncomplimentary to his majesty, and was 
forced to llee. He settled about 1715 in Baltimore 
County, Md. Ilis son, bearing the same name, the 
great-grandfather of our sidjject, was born there, 
married a Miss McKeuzic, and settled in Allegany 
County, the same State, in 1782. He died near Eck- 
hart Mines, in 1810. His fourth son, Gabriel Mc- 
Kenzie Porter, born in September, 1776, married 
for his first wife, Rebecca Frost, of Frostburg. He 
died at the residence of his fourth son. Moses, (the 
father of our subject) April 20, 1842. 

The Doctor acquired his literary education in 
Mt. Pleasant College, of Mt. Pleasant, Pa., and 
began the stud^- of medicine with his brother in 
Maryland, in 1865. Later he entered Jefferson Med- 
ical College, of Philadelphia, Pa., where he contin- 
ued from September, 1867, until March, 1868. He 
went to Mt. Vernon. O'l'o, and pursued his studies 
under the direction of Dr. Jacob Stamp, until the 
fall of the same year, when we find him in the 
Good Samaritan Hospital, of Cincinnati, Ohio. 
Immediately after graduating in medicine and sur- 
gery in March, 1869,|he opened an office in Colum- 
bus, Ohio, and in the fall of that^-ear was appointed 
by Gov. R. B. IIa3'es as house physician in the 
Ohio Penitentiary, where he remained about a year. 
Returning to his native State, he opened an office 
near his old home, and in April, 1871, formed a 
partnership with his brother in Lonaconing, Md. 

On account of the precarious condition of his wife's 
health, he was forced to leave the East, and in 1877 
went to Los Angeles, Cal., with a view of making 
a permanent location, but he was not satisfied with 
that place as a summer resort, and soon after re- 
turned eastward. He located in IMoingona, Boone 
County, Iowa, where he engaged in the practice of 
his profession, and where he continued until his re- 
moval to Des Moines. Shortly after his arrival in 
this citj^ in March, 1884, Dr. Porter formed a part- 
nership with Dr. Lewis Schooler, and together they 
engaged in business for more than a ^ear, since 
which time our subject has been alone. 

Mrs. Porter, the wife of the Doctor, ^vas forra- 
erlj- Miss Janet Wilson. She was born in Virginia, 
but spent the d.ays of her girlhood in Ohio, whitlior 
her father, Daniel D. Wilson, removed with his 
family when she was a child. Unto them have 
been born three daughters: Susie O. B., Amy M. 
and Elizabeth Fay. Their only son, James W., 
died in infancy. 

Dr. Porter is a gentleman of culture, and pos- 
sesses a thorough knowledge of his profession, and 
though comparatively a late addition to the medi- 
cal fraternity of Des Moines, he has won the con- 
fidence and respect of the entire community to a 
markeil degree. 

€^-i'% — « 

OSHUA C. PAINTER, a real-estate dealer of 
Des INIoines, is a native of the Keystone 
State, born in New Castle, Lawrence County, 
July 16, 1834. The Painter family was 
originally of German origin, but was founded in 
America at a very early day in the history of this 
country. William Painter, the grandfather of our 
subject, engaged in farming near Philadelphia and 
his son John, father of Joshua, followed in his foot- 
steps. John I'ainter was born on the old homestead 
fa: m in 1796, and after attaining to mature j-ears 
wedded Miss Hannah Chenoweth, who was born in 
New Castle, Pa., in 1801. He made farming his life 
occupation and was an extensive land holder of that 
community. In ijolitical sentiment he was a sup- 
porter of the Wliig part3- and in religious belief 



was a Methodist. Mr. Painter died in 1853, leav- 
ing five children, four sons and a daughter, two of 
whom are living in Kansas, two in Des Moines and 
one in Warren County, Iowa. The mother, who 
was a consistent Christian lady, also a member of 
tlie Methodist P^piscopal Church, survived her hus- 
band until 1879. 

Joshua C. Painter, the subject of this sketch, was 
tlie fourth child of his father's family. Tlie days 
of his boyhood and youth were spent upon the old 
homestead farm and he became familiar with the 
rudiments of learning in the primitive schools of 
that day, where the ferule formed an important 
part of the education. At the age of twenty he 
commenced business for himself in the line in which 
his father had carried on operations and continued 
farming until the war. He emigrated to Hancock 
County, 111., in 1858, and about two }ears later re- 
moved to Warren County, Iowa, where he followed 
carpentering and the lumber business until Ajiril, 
1861. He had watched with interest the progress 
of events in the South and all of his patriotic feel- 
ings were aroused bj' the actions of the slavehold- 
ing States, so when Ft. Sumter was fired upon, he 
laid aside all other iilterests, determined to strike a 
bio IV for the preservation of the Union. He enlisted 
in Company D, Second Iowa Infantr}', his regi- 
ment being the first to leave the State for the scene 
of battle. It was assigned to the Army of the Ten- 
nessee and for three years Mr. Painter was alw.ays 
found with his company, doing duly wherever 
needed. He participated in the battles of Ft. Don- 
elson and Pittsburg Landing and many minor en- 
gagements and during his entire term of service 
escaped without a wound. 

After receiving iiis discharge at Pulaski, Tenn., 
Mr. Painter at once returned to Des Moines and 
with many of the leading liusiness interests of the 
city has since been prominently connected. For a 
j-ear after his return he was engaged in operating a 
meat market and on selling out ran a grocery store 
for two years. The three succeeding j'cars of his 
life were spent at the painter's trade, after which he 
again engaged in the meat business for eight j-ears. 
During all this time he had been investing his money 
in real estate. The value of his proi>erty increasing 
with the growth of the city, he has thereby .accu- 

mulated a handsome competency and now devotes 
his entire attention to looking after his property 
interests. He has also devoted considerable atten- 
tion to public affairs and has served liis fellow- 
citizens in various official capacities. Immediately 
after his return from the war he served on the 
police force for a year and for one term was Town- 
ship Tru.stee. He was a member of the City Coun- 
cil for two years and in 1880 was elected Citv 
Treasurer. While holding that office he elected 
Sheriff of Polk County and entered upon the dis- 
charge of the duties of that position in 1884, con- 
tinuing in the ottice for four successive years. Upon 
him devolved the task of breaking up the saloons 
and he performed his dutj' without fear or favor, 
having no friends to reward or enemies to punish. 
He has ever displayed the greatest fidelity to the 
interests of the people in general in the discharge 
of his public duties and has won the confidence and 
respect of all concerned. Socially, he is a member 
of the Ancient Order of United Workmen and the 
G. A. U. Post of Des Moines, and in policies in a 
stanch Republican. 

In this city, on the 20 Ih of October, 1868, Mr. 
Painter was united in marri.age with Miss Emma B. 
Turner, a native of Marion County, Iowa. Their 
union has been blessed with three children — Orrin 
C, Ernest and Mabel. The sons are now running 
a ranch in Kansas. Mrs. Painter is a most estimable 
lady and a member of the Christian Church. Mr. 
Painter is one of .the most highly esteemed citizens 
of Polk County. His public and private life are 
alike above reproach. He faithfully served his coun- 
try during the late war and has proved himself a 
loyal citizen in times of |)eace. 

bank, which is one of the substantial mon- 
eyed institutions of the county, was incor- 
porated July 22, 1882, and opened for 
business on the 1st day of November, following, 
with a paid up capital of §50,000. The first officers 
of the bank were: the Hon. George G. Wright, 
President; C. D. Reiuking, A'ice President; and 



A. J. Zvvait, Cashier; and these geiUlemen have 
hehl Ihcir respective positions continuously since. 
The first board of directors or trustees was com- 
posed of the following-named gentlemen: J. A. 
Ankeny, C. D. Reinking, Fayette Meek, George H. 
Maish (now deceased), F. M. Gilbert, George G. 
Wright, John A. Elliot, (now deceased), W. Red- 
head and R. T. Wellslager. 

The liank has now been in business seven years 
under the same ollicers, and with very slight change 
in its board of trustees, and liad a prosperous 
career. The capital remains the same as at the time 
of organization, and the surplus amounts to $20,000. 
The present board of trustees is composed of the 
following- named citizens of Polk County: .1. A. 
Ankeny, L. Shcuerman, C. D. Reinking, George G. 
Wright, Fayette Meek, Martin Flynn, James H. 
Windsor, S. B. Tuttle and R. T. Wellslager. The 
long continued period during which the' officers 
have held their positions indicates the trust reposed 
in them, and they and the stockholders of the bank 
are among the best known and most responsible 
business men of the city, and the policy of tlie 
management from the start has been safe and con- 
servative, which accounts for its popularity and 
the confidence it enjo.ys. 

^'jEORGE SHERIFF, one of the representative 
and intelligent farmers of Bloomfield Town- 
^^^ ship, residing on section 36, is of Scottish 
birth. His parents, James and Mar}' E. Sheriff, 
were also natives of .Scotland, and spent their en- 
tire lives in that country. George was born in 
1835, and remained in his native land until sixteen 
years of age. His mother died when he was but 
three years old, and his fallier wiien he was a lad 
of twelve years. Thrown ujjon their own resources 
the children sought work in the neigiiborhood, and 
managed to reside together at the old iiome. Our 
subject obtained a position as a farm hand, and a 
part of his earnings gave for the maintenance of 
the family. He was sixteen years of age when he 
determined lo try his fortune in America. In com- 
pany with two brothers and two sisters he bade 

good-bye to his old friends, and boarding a vessel 
at Glasgow sailed for Quebec. On their arrival in 
that city they purchased tickets for Cleveland, 
Ohio, but those tliey lost through accident, and in 
consequence were forced to buy more. The ca[n- 
tal with which they started to the United States was 
small at best, and the additional expente proved a 
heavy drain on the exchequer. They had to spend 
the first night after reaching Cleveland in the open 
field, and then Alexander Sheriff, brother of our 
subject, walked sixty miles to friends, where they 
borrowed money for the expenses of the remaining 
journey. The struggles of the ne.xt few years for 
a foothold, their contentions against poverty and 
other hardships, bridges over the period from their 
arrival in this country to their settlement in Iowa, 
the details of which are more fully given in the 
sketch of Alexander Sheriff. In partnership with 
his brother our subject purchased a tract of wild 
land in this county, and began the development of 
a farm, which they operated in partnership until 
1864, when the property was divided, George re- 
ceiving one hundred and ten acres as his share. He 
resided in a small frame house that stood upon his 
land until 1867, when he replaced the pioneer cabin 
by a commodious and tasty residence. 

The following year Mr. Sheriff united in 
marriage with Caroline P>rown, and upon the farm 
where they still make their home ten children were 
born unto them. Seven of that number are yet 
living, and with the exception of Mary E., wife of 
George Evans, of Warren County, Iowa, all are 
still under the parental roof. In order of birth 
they are as follows: George A., James D., IMary 
E., Albert, Alice, Janet and Arthur A. Mrs. Sheriff 
is a daugliter of Daniel and Mar}' (Allen) Brown, 
both of whom were natives of England. Her father 
is a farmer by occupation, and is still engaged in 
that business in Van Buren County. His wife died 
many years ago, when Mrs. Sheriff was a young 
girl of seventeen 3'ears. They had a family of three 
children: Alice, wife of Alexander Garrow, of 
Warren County, Iowa; AVilliam, of Cherokee, that 
State; and Caroline, wife of our suliject. 

The career of Mr. Sheriff is another example of 
the fact that success comes not alone to those who 
beijfin life under favorable circumstances. In his 



earlier years the path which he trod was certaiulj^ 
not a thonilcss one. He had to overcome many dis- 
advantages and sui mount many obstacles, but lie 
never faltered. Pressing forward he has now 
gained a position among the well-to-do citizens of 
tiie community, as the result of his own effort. His 
fine farm comprises three hundred and fifty-eight 
acres, all of wliieh is under an excellent state of 
cultivation with the exception of eight acres of 
timber land. He raises a good grade of stock of 
all kinds, has the latest improved machinery, and 
all other essentials of a well-regulated farm. In 
political sentiment he is a Republican, having sup- 
ported tiiat party since his arrival in this country. 
He and his wife are members of the Presbyterian 
Ciiurcli, and have taken an active part in its work, 
aiding materially in tlio advancement of the cause. 


^p^.EN. JOHN H. LOOBY, ex-Adjutant-Gen- 
III (-— , eral of Iowa, who, since the autumn of 
^^5J 1 856, has been a resident of Des Moines, is 
one of the most widely and favorably known of 
Polk County's prominent citizens. His acquaint- 
ance extends over the entire State, and embraces 
some of the honored men of the country. His rec- 
ord as a soldier is one above reproach in every 
particular, and his heroic conduct won him the 
love, respect and confidence of those who were wit- 
nesses of his army life. 

Gen. Looby was born in what was then the 
Province of (Juebec, now Ontario, Nov. 2.5, 1835. 
His native town was Newmarket, in the county of 
York, and his parents were Lawrence and Mary 
(O'Brien) Looby, who were reared and married in 
their native county, in the south of Ireland, and 
shortly afterward crossed the Atlantic to America, 
settling in Canada. The father was a farmer by 
occuiiation, and continued to live in the town of 
Newmarket until his death, which occurred when 
his son, John IL, was a lad of twelve years. His 
wife survived him many years, dying at the home 
of her daughter in Chicago, in 1888. To Lawrence 
and Mary Looby were born three ciiildren who 
grew tf) mature years, our subject licing the only 

son. His elder sister, Bridget, became a Sister of 
Charity and Mother Sui)erior, and occupied a high 
position in tliat order. For a long time she had 
charge of a Catholic Academy in New Orleans, and 
was then sent on a mission connected with the 
Church, to Paris. She died a number of years ago 
in New York Cit}', soon after her return from 
France. The 3'ounger sister, Catherine, is the wife 
of a Mr. Wheeler, of Pittsburg, Pa. 

Soon after the death of his father. Gen. Looby 
went to Canandaigua, N. Y., where relatives of the 
family were living, and obtained emplo3'ment with 
Orrin Crittenden, who lived about seven miles from 
the city. During the summer months he worked 
as a farm hand, and during tiie winter did chores for 
his board, wliile attending school. In that manner 
about four years of his life were spent, when at the 
age of seventeen years he began an apprenticeship 
to the painter's trade in Canandaigua, where 
he remained about three years, when he went to 
Rochester, N.Y., where he learned graining and or- 
namental painting, becoming (juite proficient in the 
art. Ills emplo}'er, T. II. Stringham, emigrated to 
Des Moines in 185G, and believing it furnished a 
good opening for work in his line of business, in- 
duced Mr. Looby to join him in his new home. He 
again entered the employ of that gentleman, with 
whom he remained until he bought out the busi- 
ness, which he continued in his own interest until 
the spring of 1861, when he sold, feeling that his 
services were needed in behalf of his countr}-, 
whose destruction had now been fully determined 
on by the slaveholders of the South. 

On the 26th of June, previous, Gen. Looby was 
united in marri.age with Miss Mary Elizabeth Nor- 
ton, the wedding being celcljrated in Des Moines, 
the Rev. Dr. Nash ofliciating. Bidding adieu to 
his bride of a few short months, and putting aside 
every other consideration which would naturally 
occupy his attention, he gave himself up to duty 
in the field, enlisting in Company D, Second Iowa 
Infantry, in April, 1861, in response to Presidint 
Lincoln's first call for troops. He was mustered 
into the United States service on the 27th of .May, 
as a private, and with his regiment went immedi- 
ately to Hannibal, Mo. Tiie first engagement in 
which the Second Iowa took part was at Ft. Donel- 



son oil the 1 llli, 15th and IGlh of February, 1862. 
Puring that encoMiiler liis regiment was foiiiid in 
the hottest of the struggle, and was the lirst to enter 
tiie fort after its .surrender. It was also at the front 
at the battle of Shiloh on the GLh and 7th of April, 
following, and did effective service. At about 4 
o'clociv on .Sunda}' — llie lirst day of the battle — as 
the Second was falling bacli to secure a better po- 
sition, tiiey received a severe cross fire from the 
Confederates. Gen. Loob^' was shot down, sup- 
posed by his comrades to be fatally injureil. He 
received a bulletin his body, which passed through 
the muscles of the right arm, tlie apex of the right 
lung, grazed the spinal column and lodged just be- 
neath the skin, under the right shoulder blade. He 
lay where lie fell until near the close of the follow- 
ing day, when the ground was retaken by the Union 
forces, but iiis wound was not dressed for many 
hours later. AH around him on tiie battlefield lay 
the wounded and dead of both Union and Rebel 
forces. Close liy him lay a Confederate, severely 
woundtd, and our subject, forgetting emnity in 
pity, shared with him his canteen of water. After 
lying there together for many weary hours they 
were at length taken to the same hospital, iiut after 
that he lost all track of iiis unknown companion. 
Mr. Looby was taken to Hospital No. 5, Louis- 
ville, K}'., arriving Ajiril 13, and it was then 
for the first time that his wound was thoroughly 
dressed. He was granted a thirtj' days' furlough 
May 16, and although owing to the serious nature 
of his wound, it almost impossible ior him to 
travel, he returned home, rightlj' believing that the 
companionsiiip and tender nursing of his wife 
would do more to restore him to health, than an3' 
ministration in the hospitals of the South. His fur- 
lough was extended for three weeks, but before 
the expiration of that time he repoited for duty at 
Clinton, Iowa, and was commissioned Second Lieu- 
tenant of Company G, Eighteenth Iowa Infantry, 
having been discharged from his former regiment 
to enable him to accept the promotion. It was 
only his untiring energy and determination that 
caused iiini to return to the army, as his wound 
was still in a bad condition and quite painful. In 
fact his iiealth permanently impaired, and dur- 
ing the remainder of his army life lie served on de- 

tached duty. He was acting Adjutant of the 
Eighteenth Iowa from September 1, 1862, until 
near the close of the following j'ear, when he was 
recommended for promotion to the capt\incy of his 
company. He however refused to accept the po- 
sition, liaving decided to enter a colored regiment, 
and on .lanuary 14, 18G4, was mustered out of the 
Eighteenth Iowa as Second Lieutenant, and as First 
Lieutenant entered the Sixty -second United .States 
Colored Infantiy, in whicli capacity he served until 
•Tune 3, 1864, when lie was commissioned Captain. 
Shortly after he was detailed as assistant Inspector 
(Tcneral, and while acting as such was ordered, on 
Gen. Lawler's review, as Inspector General, and 
later was made assistant Adjutant-General, with 
headquarters at Ringgold Barracks, on the Rio 
Grande, in Texas. This was in 18G5, and soon af- 
terward the war closed. On the 8th of January, 
1863, lie participated in the battle of Springfield, 
Mo., and on May 12, 1865, he took part in the 
battle of Boco Chico, the last battle of the war. 
He was mustered out at Brownsville, Tex., March 
31, 1866, the regiment disbanding in St. Louis, on 
the 21st of April, and arriving home May 5, fol- 
lowing. He had been brevetted Major by Congress 
on the 10th of May, his commission being signed 
by Edwin M. Stanton, Secretary of War, and An- 
drew Johnson, President of the United States. 

Gen. Looby was endowed by nature with a ro- 
bust constitution, and remarkable will power and 
determination, which enabled him. notwithstand- 
ing the severe injuries which he sustained, 
which would have incapacitated most men for 
duty, to continue in the service until the end of the 
struggle. His promotion came not through infiu- 
ential friends, but was the result of worth, and the 
reward of gallantly, braveiy and faithful service. 
He entered into business immediately after his re- 
turn home and continued active operations, not- 
withstanding his broken health, uutil June 25, 
1870, when he was partially disabled by a para- 
lytic shock. He soon after sold out the business in 
which he was then engaged in .Des Moines. On 
Christmas of the same year he received a second 
attack, which totally disabled him for any active 
business, since which time he has lived in practical 
retirement. On the 1st of October, 1876, he was 



commissioned Adjutant-General of Iowa, by Gov. 
Kirkwood, and his administration of Uiat oflice was 
very able and effective. In fact, it is admitted 
oven by many of his political opponents, that the 
duties of the office were never conducted in a more 
able manner. 

As before stated. Gen. Looliy was married a 
siiort time prior to the- opening of tiie war. His 
wife was born in Trumbull County, Ohio, in 1830, 
and is a daughter of David and Elizalieth Norton. 
She lost her mother when she was an infant, after 
which her father was again married, but his second 
wife died in 1850. In company with his daughter, 
he became a resident of Iowa in 18.')6, and died in 
Osceola, Clarke County, December 28, 1879, at the 
age of eighty-two years, having beeji born in the 
Shenandoah V^alley of Virginia, October 30, 1797. 
At the age of ten years he removed with his par- 
ents to Trumbull County, Ohio. He was a worthy 
citizen, and for many years a member of the Free- 
will Baptist Church. Mrs. Looby came to Des 
Moines in 1858, and for two years prior to her 
marriage, engaged in teaching in the public schools. 
The General and his wife are numbered among the 
highly esteemed citizens of Des Bloines, and in the 
social world, where worth and intelligence are taken 
MS the passports, hold a high position. He is an 
honored member of Crocker Post, No. 12, G. A. R., 
and served f'or six years as Quartermaster of the 

^.^ ON. CHARLES A. BISHOP, of Des Moines, 
jjtj Judge of the Ninth Judicial District, was 
elected to his present position in November, 
1889. He is a native of Wisconsin and was 
born in Waukesha County, near the city of that name 
Way 22, 1854. His father, M. P. Bishop, was a pioneer 
of Waukesha County, an'd later moved to Walworth 
County, where he died January 1, 1883. His mother 
died when he was but twelve years of age. Charles 
was third in order of birth of five sons and two 
daughters. His elilest brother is Dr. Ira Bishop, a 
practicing physician of Mapleton, Minn.; Frank is 
a resident of Blue Earth County, Minn.; John, the 
youngest, also resides at Mapleton, wliile All)ert 

died at the age of twelve years. The elder of the 
two sisters is Mrs. Kittle Dow, who with her fam- 
ily resides on the old homestead in Walworth 
County, Wis. The youngest daughter, Nellie, is a 
teacher in the scliools of Palmyra, Wis. 

The early education of the subject of this sketch 
was received in the public schools, but quite early 
in life he determined to qualify himself for the 
legal profession, and at the age of nineteen years 
was perusing law books at home. Later he pros- 
ecuted his studies in the law office and under tlie 
instruction of J. II. Page, of Whitewater, Wis. 
Here he remained for a considerable time when, 
having to secure means for the prosecution of his 
profession, he engaged in teaching, taking chaige 
of a school at Clinton ville. Wis., in the meantime 
continuing his law studies. He was admitted to the 
bar at Waupaca, Wis., in December, 1875. Com- 
ing to Iowa soon after, he formed a partnership 
with his uncle, George Bishop, at La Porte, Black 
Hawk County. There he continued until the spring 
of 1883, when he formed a partnership with Judge 
S. Bagg, of Waterloo. After practicing in Water- 
loo for a short time the firm removed their office to 
Minneapolis, Minn. About a year later the death 
of Judge Bagg occurred, when Mr. Bishop decided 
to locate at Des Moines, and was here connected 
with the bar until his electi(ju io the bench. 

Judge Bishop was married, in Palmyra, Wis., to 
Miss Delia M. Dow. They have three children, a 
son and two daughters — Alvord L., Lura J., and 
Josie K. In Ihe few years that Judge Bishop had 
been a member of the bar of Polk County previous 
to his assuming the duties of his present office, he 
had established a reputation as an able lawyer, and 
the ability with which he discharges the duties of his 
present position justifies the highest expectations of 
his constituents. When Judge Bishop began his 
legal practice in Des Moines, he became associated 
with Baker & Kavanagh, and when the latter was 
elected District Judge, the firm became Baker, 
Bishop <t Ilaskins. A year later he retired from 
the firm and was employed as an assistant to the 
Attorney General, in special connection with lail- 
road litigation, and continued in that capacity un- 
til the s|)ring of 1880, when he was appointed to 
his present pos'tion, and elected at the fall election 



of the same year to fill out the vacancy occasioned 
liy the election of Judge J. Given to tiie Supreme 
Bench. Judge Bishop had the honor of defending 
Gov. Larrabee in liis recent celebrated trial for libel. 
He is a Rep\iblican in politics. While a resident of 
Black Hawk County he was elected to t!ie Legisla- 
ture of Iowa, and served with much credit in the 
Niuth General Assembly. 

Judge Bishoi) is a conspicuous example of the 
success to be attained by persevering and well-di- 
rected effort. His attainments are the result of his 
individual effort, under circumstances that would 
discourage most lads and young men. Matthew 
P. Bisiiop, his father, was a pioneer farmer of Wis- 
consin, and could not give his large family the 
educational advantages tiiat many now enjoy in the 
same region. By following out his early determin- 
ation, Judge Bishop fitted himself for and was ad- 
mitted to legal practice without the aid or influence 
of any save himself, and deserves all the honor 
wiiich the people of Iowa can bestow on him. 

/^EORGE BOGANWRIGHT, who is exten- 

'l| f- — sively engaged in stock raising on section 
^^JJ^ 18, Bloonilield Township, is nur 

'l| f- — sively engaged m stock raising on sectu)n 
^^JJ^ 18, Bloonilield Township, is numbered 
among the early settlers of the county, having for 
thirty years been identified witli its agricultural 
interests. He was born upon a farm in Perry 
County, Ohio, in October, 1819, and is of German 
line.age. Ills father. Adam Boganwiight, a native 
of Pennsylvania, was a cabinet maker by trade but 
followed farming much more than he did that oc- 
cupation. II( was twice married, liis first union 
being with Sarah Rider, who was also a native of 
the Keystone Stale, and died in 1824. Seven 
cliiMrcn were born niito them but only three are 
now living, namely: Lawrence, who resides on the 
old homestead in Perr_y County, Ohio; Samuel, a 
fanner of Fairfield County, Ohio; and George of 
this sketch. During the pioneer days when Ohio 
was considered one of the Western States, Mr. 
Boganwright emigrated with his fnmily to Perry 
County, where he developed a farm and spent the 
remainder of his days, dying in the year I86G at the 

.advanced age of one hundred and four years. His 
second marriage was celebrated in 1825, when he 
was joined in wedlock with Sophia Armstrong, l)y 
whom he had two children — Peter, a lawyer of Perry 
Comity; and Belinda, wife of Dr. William II. Shank, 
who is engaged in the practice of his profession in ■ 
the same county. 

The days of his boyliood and youth our sub- 
ject passed upon his father's farm in Ohio. His 
education was acquired in a little log school-house 
with slab seats, a huge fire-place in one end, and 
other such conveniences. As soon as old "enough 
to handle a plow he began work upon the farm 
and assisted his father in his labors to provide for 
the familjr until twenty- nine years of age, when 
he began working in his own interests. He has al- 
ways devoted his attention to agricultural pursuits 
and his undertakings have been crowned with suc- 
cess. For a time he was engaged in farming in 
Licking County, Ohio, but since 1859, has aided in 
the development of the prairie lands of Polk 
County. In 1856, he visited Iowa and being 
pleased with the outlook of the country purchased 
Land in Bloomfield Township, but it was not till 
three j'carj later that he made a permanent location. 
Wholly destitute of improvement he has had to 
develop his farm from the beginning. The first 
home of the family was a little log cabin, but in 
1872, the pioneer building was replaced by a com- 
modious and substantial residence. It is no e.asy 
task to convert unbroken land into profitable farms 
and during the first years of his residence in the 
county, Mr. Boganwright labored from early dawn 
until late at night. Possessing a determination to 
overcome all obstacles, the hardships of frontier 
life seemed but to nerve him for greater effort, un- 
til now a fine farm of two hundred and fifteen acres 
pays a golden tribute to his care and cultivation. 
He also devotes considerable time to stock raising, 
and now has on hand thirty-eight head of cattle 
and sixteen horses. 

In 1847, ]\Ir. Boganwright married Miss Bar- 
bara Mentzer, and by their union were born five 
children, three of whom are yet living, — lohn of 
this county; Kinma, wife of George F^vans; and 
Samuel, a resident of Colorado, 'llie mother, who 
was a consistent member of the Methodist Epi.sco- 






jj.'il Clmreli, died on the 8tli day of November, 
I.SG3. ]Mi'. Boganwriglit was again married Jan- 
iifiry 4, 18GfJ, iiis second union being witli Sarali E.- 
Flin, b\' whom he has two children — Mary, wife 
of Arthur I5agg of Bloomflehl Townsliip; ami Eva- 
Icna, who is still at home. Mrs. Hoganwright had 
l)ecn}' married, her first husband having 
Ijcen Nathaniel Klin. They also had two children. 
Alice and Jim W. The mother was born in 
Indiana, A[)ril 12, i 836, and is a daughter of .John 
and Mar^r (Case) Gilbreth, both of whom were na- 
tives of the same .State. Her father made farming 
his life work. He died in Des Moines in 1 802, but 
liis wife is still living and resides in Polk County 
with her children, at the ripe old age of seventy- 
three years. They were parents of a family of five 
sons and four daughters — .John, Theopholis. .bjseiih, 
.Iur3', Mary, Ida, Sarah, Benjamin and Cynthia A. 
The two last named are now deceased. 

Mr. Boganwright has been a witness of the man}' 
great changes which have taken i)lace in Polk 
Couniy since 1859. He is a public-spirited citizen, 
enterprising and progressive and has ever willingh' 
borne his part in the ui)building and advancement 
of the county's best interests. He keeps himself 
well informed on all public affairs and is a man of 
worth. He cast his Hrst Presidential vole for 
William Ilcnrj' Harrison and supported the Whig 
party until the organization c>f the Kepulilican i)arty, 
when he joined its ranks. He has never held puli- 
lic ollice, but has steadily refused clie many [wlit- 
ical honors tendered him, wishing to devote his en- 
tire time to his farm an<T enjoj'ment of tiie pleasures 
of the home. His household is noted for its hos- 
pitality and he and his family are held in high re- 
gard by their many friends. 

If there is (jne thing above an(jthcr of 
which Des Moines, Iowa,, is justly (iroud, 
it is that she can boast of a corps of edu- 
cators second to none in the State, and in the front 
rank of these stands I'rof. Dungan, Dean of the 
Bible College, and ^'ice President of the College of 

Letters and Science, of Drake University. He was 
born in Noble County, Ind., on the l.'jth of May, 
1837, and in his boyhood days was inured to the 
hardships of farm life. His early ancestors on 
both sides were natives of England. On the pater- 
nal side they crossed the ocean and settled near the 
site of the present city of Philadelphia, two years 
prior to the arrival of William Penn in America, 
and were among the first to purchase land from the 
United Colonies' The great-grandfather of our 
subject. Levi Dungan, was a valiant soldier during 
the Revolutionary War. He afterward removed 
to Beaver County, Pa., locating west of Pittsburg, 
where he acquired an extensive tract of land. Two 
of his sons served in the War of 1812, one of them 
acting on the staff of Gen. R. i\I. Johnson, during 
the battle in which that gallant Indian chief, Te- 
cumseh, fell. Isaiah Dungan, the grandfather of 
the Professor, was a man of remarkable vigor and 
power. He was a second time married when sev- 
enty-four years of age, and it was not until twenty- 
years later that he departed this life, his death be- 
ing caused by injuries received. His first wife was 
a Miss Ta3'lor, a distant relative of President 
Zachary Taylor. 

The seventh child of that union became the fa- 
ther of our subject. He was born in Beaver County, 
Pa., in 1807, and when a boy accompanied his (jar- 
ents to the Western Reserve of Ohio, where his 
father purchased land and crecteil a mill, but an 
older claim proved valid, and they lost all they 
had except the mill and the ground on which it 
stood. The family were thus forced to seek a home 
further AVest, but before leaving Ohio, .lames Dun- 
gan wedded Mary A Johns, who was born near 
Wilmington, Ohio, in 181 1, and when a small girl 
was left with si.x brothers and sisteis to the tender 
care of a widowed mother. Soon after their mar- 
riage they removed to Noble County, Ind., and live 
years later, 1838, became residents of Clay County, 
that State, where Mr. Dungan engaged in farming 
and operated a mill. For many3'ears he preached 
the Gospel in that community', receiving no salary, 
content if he could in any way further his Master's 
cause. His own physical ailments led him to stuily 
medicine, and on his removal to Harrison County, 
Iowa, in 1852, through fai'h in his abilily to heal, 



and the scarcity of pliysicians, lie was forced into 
l>raclice, wliicli lie still contimies to a limited ex- 
tent in California, thougli lie has now reached the 
advanced age of eighty-two years. His faithful 
wife was called from his side while in Harrison 
County, dying at the age of forty five years. She 
was one of Christ's faithful disciiiles, and lier many 
acts of kindness, won her a place in the love and 
esteem of all who knew her. Of the eight children 
horn to that worthy couple, but *tive are living. 
The sons are: Isaiah, a fanner and maiifacturer; 
Michael C, a farmer and minister, of California; 
and David R. 

The last named is the one in whom the people of 
Iowa are especially interested. He received his 
elementary education in the old-time Hoosier dis- 
trict schools, and after coming to this State^ was 
permitted to attend the Kentucky University for 
about a year, Init his ripe scholarship and extensive 
knowledge arc [ire-eniinently due to his own per- 
sistent effort, though he makes grateful acknowl- 
edgements to his private tutors. Prof. G. K. Hand, 
of Woodward Universit}'; Elder Eli Fisher, of 
Eureka College; and Prof. A. R. Benton, Chancel- 
lor of Nebraska University. On the 31st of March, 
1858, by confession and baptism, he united with 
the Churcli of Christ in Harrison Count}', Iowa, 
and a year later preached his first sermon to a large 
audience in a grove in Pottawattamie County. The 
only distinct impressions of the occasion which he 
still retains are of the grove, the sea of faces and 
his own embarrassment. From 18oU until 1863, 
his energies were divided among three callings — 
farming, teaching and preaching. The last year 
was spent in Plattsmouth, Neb., and in connection 
with his public school duties at that place he per- 
formed pastoral work for two congregations. In 
1864 he was selected Ijy the Missionary Board as 
the first missionaiy sent b}- the Christian Cluircli to 
that State, and for six and a half years he zealously 
devoted himself to that field of labor. The vast 
amount of good which ho accomplished will never 
be known until his life record is read above. When 
he first entered upon the work, the financial su|)- 
port came largely from the Missionary Board, but 
under his judicif)Us management the field became 
srlf-sup[)orting. and at his request the apjiropriated 

fund was withheld. Having accepted a call from 
the church in Lincoln, Neb., in 1871, he served 
acceptably as its pastor for three years. During 
his residence in tlie State, Prof. Dungan also filled 
a number of other positions worthy of mention. 
He was Chaplain of the House during the session 
of the first State Legislature, jnd of the Senate 
throughout the sessions of 1872 and 1873. He was 
the author of the Prohibition Bill which was intro- 
duced into the Senate by Senator Dillon, and with 
one more vote would have passed that body. From 
1868 until 1874 he was one of the Board of Re- 
gents of the Nebraska UniversitjN and was also 
Chairman of the board appointed to collect the flora 
and fauna of the State for the museum, and books 
for the library of the school. The committee did 
its work well, leaving the institution richly fur- 

Prof. Dungan's work in Iowa began in 1874, 
when he accepted a call from the Church in Oska- 
loosa, where he labored three years, also serving as 
one of the Board of Trustees of Oskaloosa College. 
He has always been a strong temiierance man, and 
in 1870 permitted his name to be placed before 
the people as the Prohibition candidate for Gov- 
ernor of Iowa, not with the expectation of being 
elected but to forward an interest of vital impor- 
tance to the Nation. Having i)reaehed to the 
church in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, for a few months. 
Prof. Dungan then took charge of the church in 
Davenport, where he remained until called, in 
1883, to the Chair of Sacred Literature in Drake 
University. The following year he was chosen 
Vice Presi<lent of the College of Arts and Sciences, 
and in 18.S7, was made Dean of the Theological 
Department. In June, 1881, the University con- 
ferred upon him the degree of A. M. To better 
prepare himself for the work, in the fall of 1881), 
Prof. Dungan made a of the OKI World, vis- 
iting its greatest historic centers, especially those 
connected with sacred histoid', bringiiig back with 
him a fund of knowledge that will be distributed, 
through his students, to thousands who will never 
have the privilege of beholding those scenes for 

On the 17th of Kelirnary, 1861, Prof. Dungan 
I was united in the holy bonds of matrimony with 



I^Iiss Mary A. Kinnis, a native of Perth, Scotland. 
Slie reared in Glasgow, however, until her 
fifleenth 3oar, when she accompanied her parents 
to America. Their union has been blessed with 
eight children, six of whom are yet living: Ella 
.7., who was graduated from Drake I'nivei'sily in 
the class of 1887; D.ivid E., Robert M., .James A., 
Allen B. and ])aniel G. 

Prof. Dungan is widely known as a debater, hav- 
ing had twentj'-six public contests — live with Infi- 
dels, nine with Adventists, and twelve with Pedo 
Ba[)tists. In discussion his manner is dignified, 
his logic convincing, and his thoughts are presented 
in a clear and comprehensive style. Those who 
have heard liim [ironounce him a master hand, and 
his ()pi)onents find that they have met their equal, 
if they are not completel3' routed. Many books of 
note are from the [leu of Prof. Dungan, his best- 
known works being: "On the Rock," "Modern 
Phases of Skepticism," a course of lectures deliv- 
ered in Oskaloosa College ; "Rum, Ruin and the 
Remedy;" "Chang Foo, or the Latest Fashions in 
Religion;" "Dungan-.Jaraeson Debate on Spiritual-,'" Modern Revivalism," "Ingersoll's Mistakes 
about ISIoses," "Our Place and Mission," "What 
Shall We Do," and "Ilermenf utics, or The Princi- 
ples of hiti'ri)retation." The last is Ijeing adopted 
by colleges as a text book. 

^/ OHN COOPER, M. D., Professor of Surgery 
and Dean of the faculty- of the Iowa Eclectic 
Medical College, of Des Sloines, is a native 
/ of the Buckeye^State. He was born in Pre- 
ble County, September 3. 1841, and belonged to a 
family of five children, three sons and two daugh- 
ters. William Cooper, the founder of the family 
in America, was a native of Scotland. In his youth 
he went to London, where he worked at the tailor's 
trade until after his marriage, when with his young 
wife he sailed for America, locating in Virginia. 
Their son, Alexander, was born in that State and 
after his marriage removed with his family to Pre- 
ble County, Ohio, becoming one of its pioneer set- 
tlers. He had twelve children, of whom James 

Cooper, the father of our subject was the second in 
order of birth. He was born in Virginia prior to 
the emigration of the family to Ohio, and on reach- 
ing years of maturity chose for his life companion 
Delilah Baker, who was also a native of Virginia, 
but when a child became a resident of the Buckej'e 
State. That worthy couiile who for so many j'ears 
traveled life's journey together were separated by 
the hand of death in 18?G, the wife being called to 
her last rest. Mr. Cooper is still living in Ohio, at 
the age of seventy-four years. Leaving the ranks 
of the Whig party on the organization of the new 
Rejiublican party, he has since been one of valiant 
supporters of the latter. He has not gained a wide 
reputation, but his life is great in that it is good. 
He has long been a faithful member of the Baptist 
Church, as was also his wife. The three sons of 
their family have all followed the medical profes- 
sion, William and Isaiah being able physicians of 
Kokomo, Ind. 

.Tohn Cooper, the well-known physician of Des 
Moines, received his early training on his father's 
farm and in the district schools. Afterwards he 
prepared himself for teaching in the Kokomo Nor- 
mal College, .and for six years followed that pro- 
fession. In 18G4 and 18G5, he attended a course 
of lectures in the Eclectic Medical Institute of Cin- 
cinnati, Ohio, and during the five succeeding years 
engaged in practice in Young America, near Ko- 
komo, Ind. In 1870, he graduated from the above 
school, .and then returned to his former location, 
where he continued until 1873, which year wit- 
nessed his removal to Iowa. He opened an office 
in Winterset, where for ten years he successfully 
followed his chosen calling, when he came to Des- 
Moines. He has proved himself a valuable addition 
to the medical fraternity of Polk County. Since 
1881 Dr. Cooper been connected with an Eclectic 
Medical College of Des Moines, and in November, 
1887, when the Iowa Eclectic Medical College was 
incorpoiated and immediately began work, he was 
elected Dean of the faculty. It is to his influence 
and untiring efforts, more than to any other source, 
that the success of the school is due. At the close 
of the second term, its graduates munhcred twenty 
and It has a promise of a long and successful ca- 



In M;ij-, 18G5,tlje Doctor was united in marriage 
witli Miss Ladoska A. Daggett, of Galveston, Ind., 
where their only child Butler, was born. The lat- 
ter is now a promising young physician at Win- 
terset, this State. Close application and long 
experience have made Dr. Cooper master of his pro- 
fession. He has now been in active practice for 
almost a quarter of a century, and the liberal pat- 
ronage which he receives testifies to his skill and 
ability. He is courteous in manner, genial in dis- 
position, and wins friends wherever he goes. Al- 
though reared in the faith of the Republican party, 
for several 3'eavs past the Doctor has affiliated witji 
the Greenback party. He is an honored member of 
the Iowa State Flclectic Medical Society, of the Na- 
tional Eclectic Medical Association and also belongs 
to the Indci)endent Order of Odd Fellows. 

<i\ IMLLIAM G. BAGG, deceased, was born in 

\/yi ^^^^ Springfield, Mass., February 4, 1833, 
^1/^ and died at his home on section 16, Bloom- 
field Township, .January 1(1. 1888. He was the 
younger of two sons of Justus and Sarah (Da3') 
Bagg, natives of the B.ay State, where the father 
engaged in farming until his death in 1871, long 
surviving his wife, who crossed the dark river in 
1839. The elder son, Harvey, is still living near 
tlie old homestead in West Springfield. The father 
after the death of his wife in 1839, married Delia 
Looniis, by whom he had two children — Joseph and 
Huldah; all arc now living on the old homestead. 

Mr. Bagg was oidy six 3-ears old when he suffered 
the loss of his mother. He remained with his fa- 
ther until attaining his majority, and in his boy- 
hood days acquired such education as the common 
schools and Westlield Academy afforded. When 
lie had ariived at man's estate, he left homo to 
tcek his own fortune. Going to Henry County, 
111., he renteil some land which he cultivated until 
1855, when he emigrated to Adaii' County-, Iowa, 
and in that section entered six hundred acres of 

He is one of the founders of GrecnOrlil. the 
county seat of Adair County, iiaving been assisted 

in his labors by Matlicw Clark and Isaac Myers. 
The^' purchrsed the land and laid out the town and 
were actively engaged in the upbuilding and de- 
velopment for some time. Mr. Bagg held the office 
of Postmaster of Greenfield for three years and at 
the same time carried on his farming operations on 
the outskirts of the town, there remaining until his 
return to his native .State in November, 1857. A 
desire to see his old home was one of the influences 
which caused his return, but a more powerful one 
was made manifest when on the 4th of Februarj', 
1858, he led to the marriage altar Miss Persis E. 
Brooks, who was one of eight children born to 
I'hilo and Harriet (Ring) Brooks. Her parents 
were natives of West Springfield, Mass., and de- 
cended from families of English origin. The fa- 
ther carried on farming in the Bay State until after 
the death of his wife in 1851, when he removed to 
Ohio, where his last days were spent. He was 
called home in 1872. Their family consisted of 
eight children — Sophia, wife of Durlin HiCkok, of 
Geneva, Ohio; Alfred, of Ilion, New York; Persis 
E. widow of W. G. Bagg, of Des Moines, Iowa;Lu- 
cien, deceased, of Hamilton, Ontario; Eliza, widow 
of James Kendall; Emily, wife of Daniel Steel; 
Frances, widow of Charles Myers, all of Ilion N. Y. , 
and (iilbert, deceased, of Adair County, Iowa. 

Immediatelj' after his marriage Mr. Bagg started 
with his young bride for his home in Adair County, 
Iowa, where he continued to reside for about 
six years. The }ear 18G4, witnessed their arrival 
in Polk County. Iiaving disposed of his [iroperty 
in Adair County, Mr. Bagg purchased forty acres 
in Bloomfield Townshii), which he cultivated for 
six years, when he made |)urchase of thirly-five 
acres on section IG, Bloomfield Townshij). That 
tract was tlien in its jiiimitive condition, being 
covered with hazel brush and wholly unimproved. 
He !it once erected a barn in whieli the family lived 
until a dwelling could be built. He turned the 
first fiu'row ui)on his land, cleared and plowed it, 
planted crops and gave his whole attention to its 
cultivation for two years, during which time a won- 
derful transformation took place in its ai)i)earance. 
He then combined brickmaking with his other la- 
bors, conducting th;it bi-anch of his business with 
excellent success until 1.S84, when he began the 





erection of buildings in the city. A number of 
brick buildings in Des Moines wore put up under 
his supervision and as fast as lie could dispose of 
them to an advantage, he sold. Tlie residence in 
which Mrs. Bagg is now living, waserecied by liini 
in 1875 and is one of the best homes in the town- 
ship. If is neatly aud comfortably furnished and 
the yards are in keeping with the house, an at- 
tractive feature being the grove of evergreens 
which surround the house. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Bagg were born eight children, 
but tlie eldest died in infancj'. Those living are 
Fr-ink P., Arthur G., Charles P., Harvey D. Har- 
riet, Nellie and Sarah, all still residing with their 
mother with the exception of the second son, who 
wedded May Bogauwright, April 2,t, 1889, and is 
now engaged as foreman of the Western AVhite 
lironze Company, of Des Moines. 

Mr. Bagg's success in life was due to his own ef- 
forts, his possessions having been acquired as the 
result of industry, enterprise and the exercise of 
correct business princiiiles. In politics he was a 
stalwart Republican. He held several minor offices 
of the township and the duties of the positions 
were ably discharged. He was well informed on 
the topics of the day. He was liberal with his 
means for the advancement of public enterprises 
and the support of charitable and benevolent insti- 
tutions, and the deserving never called in vain for 
his assistance. But it was in the family circle where 
his true life was shown. He was evtr watchful of 
the comforts and welfare of his family and in liis 
death they lost a loving husband and tender father, 
whose place can never be filled. 

?|7 0HN L. SMITH, deceased, was born in Caz- 
eiiovia, N. Y., on the 12th of December, 
1814. His father, Isaac Smith, removed to 
' Cattaraugus County, N. Y., in an early da3-, 
where he died in 1830, leaving a widow with sev- 
eral children depending upon her for support. Our 
subject was then but sixteen j'ears of age, and as 
his father had left no property, lie was forced to 

begin life for himself without assistance. Posses- 
sing a vigorous constitution and a determined will, 
he started out to make ids own way in the world. 
Traveling westward he at length reached the then 
wilds of Michigan, Wisconsin, and the Upper Mis- 
sissippi Valley, going as far north as Lake Supe- 
rior, where lie was for many years amongthe Chip- 
pewas, Winnebagoes, and other Indian tribes as 
trader and in other capacities. He was in the cm- 
ploy of John Jacob Astor's American Fur Company 
for some time, and delivered furs in Chicago at an 
early daj'. At one time he remained in the wilder- 
ness for three years without seeing a white person, 
other than the two men who were engaged in busi- 
ness with him. He bore upon his person a number 
of scars, the result of a fight between himself, his 
two companions and some friendly Chippewas on 
one side, and hostile Winnebagoes on the other. 
The purchasing of furs at that time in the western 
country, had, connected with it, man3' responsibili- 
ties, and was a hazardous undertaking. The hand- 
ling of large suras of money, mostly in gold and 
silver, and the task of conveying it from one trad- 
ing post to another through an unbroken wilder- 
ness on horseback, required nerve, courage and 
determination. The shipment of furs in canoes 
down the various rivers, was also hazardous in the 
extreme. At length he determined to leave the 
West, and joined his mother and family in Findlay, 
Ohio, whither they had removed some time pre- 
vious, lu 1840, he became a resident of Piqua, 
Miami County, Ohio, where for several years he was 
engaged in the manufacture of fanning mills in com- 
pany with E. Sawyer, under the firm name of 
Sawyer & Smith, whicli firm was well-known in 
Western Ohio. 

On the 3d of May, 1842, on the old Blue Farm, 
one and a half miles east of Piqua, Mr. Smith was 
united in marriage with Mary A. Oiiard. They 
resided in Piqua until April. !850, when they re- 
moved to Rock Island, HI., where Mr. Smith en- 
gaged in the mercantile business until the last of 
September, 1854. In Ma}-, 1854, he came to Des 
Moines aud purchased two lots on the northwest 
coiner of West Eighth and Walnut Streets, on which 
he erected the frame house which still remains 
thereon, hauling part of the lumber by wagon from 



Davenport. lie removed with his family to Des 
Moines, arriving on the 2d of October of tliat year. 
For some time Mr. Smith engaged in the mercan- 
tile business on Second Street, near Vine, in a two- 
story frame building which is still standing, and 
then turned his attention to the business of loca- 
ting lands throughout western and northwestern 
Iowa. His next enterprise was in the marble busi- 
ness, in which lie gained an extensive reputation 
tlu-oughout the central and western portion of the 
State. In 1866, he was appointed Indian agent for 
the Otoe and Missouri tribes at the reservation in 
Gage County, Neb., on the northern line of Kansas, 
and held that position until superseded by the 
(Quaker policy of President Grant. He was very 
successful in promoting friendly relations with the 
Indians. In 1868, tie erected the frame residence 
on the northeast corner of West Walnut and Tenth 
Streets, where he made his home until his death. 
In Ma3', 1870, he opened a groccrj' store on West 
AValuut Street, between Sixth and .Seventh Streets, 
but subsequently sold out and engaged in the in- 
surance business. He was in the emiiloy of, and 
traveling for Mills & Co., publishers, at the time of 
his death. 

The death of Mr. Smith occurred at Stuart, Iowa, 
on the forenoon of the -iCth of May. 1874, the re- 
.sult of injuries sustained by being tlirown from a 
light wagon drawn by a runaway team. The ac- 
cident oceurrod just after he had crossed the rail- 
road track, going south, about three miles west of 
Stuart. His remains were interred on the 29th ot 
May, in the cemetery at Des Moines, where fifteen 
years later the body of his wife was also consigned 
to its last resting place. 

Mr. Smith was a man of strict integrity, and of 
unusual energy and activity. He was possessed of 
excellent judgment, and while ])ositive in his con- 
victions, and strong in will, was of a cheerful and 
accommodating disposition, and made many warm 
friends. He was of large physique, and during his 
mature years was a great sufTerei' from asthma. As 
a member of the Old Settlers' Society, he took a 
great interest and active part in its affairs, and his 
funera' was attended by an unusually large number 
of the members of that body. At the early age of 
fourteen years, Mr. Smith united with the l{a[)tist 

Church, and continued a consistent and active mem- 
ber of that denomination to the time of his death. 
For many years he held the office of Deacon, and was 
widel3' known by his brethren of the church 
throughout Central Iowa, being generally in at- 
tendance at the annual associations. He assisted 
largely in the building of the little brick Baptist 
Church which formerl3' stood on Mulberr}' Street, 
north of the Court House, and subsequently aided 
in the erection of the present church edifice, whicli 
is located on the northeast corner of West Locust 
and Eighth Streets. 

Mary Ann (Girard) Smith, was born on the old 
Coleman farm near Troy, Ohio, on February 26, 
1818, and was a daughter of John Girard, who died 
during her infancy. Her mother subsequently be- 
came the wife of Uriah Blu(^, a farmer residing one 
and a half miles east of Piqua, Ohio. She resided 
with her sister, Mrs. W. M. Garvey, of Piqua, for 
some time prior to her marriage. On the 3d of 
May, 1842, sl'.e became the wife of Mr. Smith, and 
followed the fortunes of her husband until his 
death, which occurred Ma^- 26, 1874. From that 
time she continued to make her home, in company 
with her three daughters and son Edmund J.,. Smith, 
at the famil}' residence on West Walnut and Tenth 
Streets until her death, which occurred at seven 
o'clock on the evening of February 26, 1889, on 
her seventy-first birth-da}-. .She lived the allotted 
three-score years and ten, but for some years prior 
to her demise, was confined to her home much of 
the time bj' sickness, but notwithstanding her afllic- 
tions, she was always cheerful, seldom complaining 
of her illness, and bore her sufferings with Christian 
fortitude. She was a true and firm friend, and her 
njanj' excellencies of character won her an enviable 
place in the esteem of a wide circle of acquaint- 
ances. She was a member of the Old Settlers'- So- 
e'iety. which attended her funeral in a body. vSlie 
had a large circle of warm friends among the la- 
ter, as well as the early residents of Des Moines. 
Her remains were temporaril}- placed in a vault, 
and on the 4th of May, 1889, they were buried by 
the side of her husband, who long since had been 
called to the home prepared for the righteous. 
ISIis. Smith made a profession of religion, and be- 
came a member of the Baptist Church in her twelfth 



year, and continued a faithful follower of the Di- 
vine Teacher. Her religious convictions were strong 
and she was an active and zealous worker in tlio 
cIuu-cIl until confined lo her home by sickness. She 
then did not lose interest in the work, but her sj'm- 
palhics and prayers continued with the laborers in 
the Master's field. Her faith remained unshaken, 
and almost her last words to her pastor. Dr. IT. L. 
Stetson, were, "For we know that, if our eartlily 
house of this tabernacle were dissolved, we have a 
building of God, a house not uitide with hands, 
eternal in the heavens." Not hjng afterward she 
was called to that home. 

Mr. and Mrs. Smith, sketches of whom we have 
given above, left five children to mourn their loss 
— Hirani Y., Alwilda E., Nevada BI., Edmund L. 
and Callie K. One daughter, Ilannali .1., ilitd on 
the 29th of July, 1856, aged eight montlis and 
seven days. 

im^^ — - 

^:^RTHUR NOWLEN, M. D., of Dcs Moines, 
Iowa, is a Canadian by birtli. He was born 
in Iroquois, near Frescott, C'anada, on the 
18tli of Jul}', 1818, his parents being Thomas and 
liCna (Serviss) Nowlen. When two 3'ears of age, 
he lost his mother by death, and on tlie removal 
of liis father to Quebec, he was loft in the care of 
an uncle, residing near his bii'tbplace. His early 
life was passed in much the usual manner of farmer 
lads, and the educational advantages which lie re- 
ceived were such as the district schools afforded. 
On reaching manhood, he entered upon the study 
of medicine, attended lectures and was licensed to 
practice. He first opened an office in Matilda, now 
Iroquois, Canada, where, on the 2d of April, 1840, 
he led to the marriage altar Miss Asenath Proctor. 
Five children were born of their union. L. Har- 
vey, the eldest, is married, and resides in Marengo, 
Iowa County, Iowa. Wesley wa.s twice married, 
his second wife being a Miss Hall, and is now 11 
resident of Chester, Neb.; Ann is the widow of W. 
II. Record, and resides in De Kalb, III.; Robert 
married Libbic Preston and makes his liome in 
iMiirrison, 111. Dr. James A. has been twice mar- 
ried. His first wife was a Miss Kidd, while his 

second union was with Louisa J. Houcler. He is 
a graduate of Rush Medical College, of Chicago, 
and of the University of New York, and is a thor- 
oughly educated physician, standing in the front 
rank of his profession in Whiteside Count}', 111., 
where he makes his home. He is the (U'esent county 
|)hysi(ian and chief of the examining board of 
[lensions, .ind lias a large practice. 

Dr. Nowlen, Sr., the subject of this sketch, emi- 
grated from Canada to Worcester, "WayneCounty, 
Ohio, in 1850, in company with his family, and 
thence removed to Canaan Center, where he prac- 
ticed iiis profession, in company with Dr. Shafer, 
for three years, when he reniove<l to Whiteside 
County, 111. He was a pioneer and one of the 
founders of the now important city of Morrison, 
111., where he established a large and lucrative prac- 
tice, continuing to make his liorac there until 1878, 
when he came to Dcs Moines. 

Having lost his first wife, JJr. Nowlen was again 
married, in this city, October 19, 18S2, his union 
being with Jlr". Lizzie Coleman, widow of Jacob 
Coleman, and a daughter of John Hooker. She 
had one child by her first marriage, Mina Cole- 
man, who is now engaged in teaching school. The 
mother was torn in Montgomery County, and the 
daughter in Philadelphia, Pa. Mrs. Nowlen is 
skilled musician, and has given instruction in in- 
strumental music for a considerable time. She is a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
has a brother, who has been Presiding Elder of the 
Evangelical Church. Her father is now deceased, 
while the mother, Elizabeth, nee Horning, is still 
living, at the age of seventy-nine. One child, a 
son, Arthur Eber, was born to Dr. Nowlen and his 
present wife, December 23, 1883, and has shown 
unusual brightness of intellect and a decided musi- 
cal talent for his age. While in Illinois, Dr. Now- 
len was a member of the State Board of Health for 
several years, and was also a member of Whiteside 
Medical Association. He was a Republican in poli- 
tics from the organization of that party until the 
State election of 1889, when he voted the Demo- 
cratic ticket. In Masonry he has advanced to the 
Council Degrees, and is a member of Hiram Lodge, 
No. 370, A. F. & A. M., and belongs to Sterling 
Chapter, No. 57, R. A. M, of Sterling, III. While 



residinu- in Morrison, he tooii an active part in 
local political affairs, and for eight years served as 
a member of the City Council. For several years 
he was in active practice in Des Moines, but is now 





NTHONY M. MILLER, attorney and 
couiiselor-at-law, has been engaged in 
practice for only about one year, yet in 
that time has given promise of becoming 
one of the leading lawyers of Des Moines. lie 
was Ijoru in Burlington, Coffey County, Kan., on 
the 7th of January, 1858, and is a son of Adaai 
Miller. Ilis father removed to Kansas when a 
young man and was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Mary Ann Henry, a native of Pennsylvania. .Soon 
after their marriage they removed to Coffey County. 
That wns during the border war in that Territory, 
between the free State men and the pro-slavery 
party, the issue being the admission of Kansas 
to tlie Union as a free or slave State. It became a 
dangerous thing to be a resident of that commu- 
nity', so Mr. Miller removed with his family to 
Missouri, but not being satisfied witli that Stale, as 
a place of residence, he came to Iowa, and settkd 
in Saylorsville, in Polk County, where lie was en- 
gaged in blacksmitliing. Later he became a resi- 
dent of Polk City, where his death occurred in 
M:u-cii, 18G5. His widow was again married, be- 
coming the wife of Pliilip lianons, wlio died in 
May, 1889. 15}' her first marriage she became tl;c 
mother of three children, two sons and a daughter, 
of whom Antliony M. is the eldest; Helen is now 
the wife of Albert Harvey, a resilient of this county; 
and Maurice, the youngest, is engaged in farming 
in .Saylor Townshi|). Of the second marriage was 
born oneson, Jesse, who is living on the homestead 
with his mother. 

AVilh his father's family, Antliony Miller re- 
moved from Kansas to Missouri, and thence to 
Iowa, where his life has since been passed. He re- 
ceived his primary education In t'le common 
schools, and later was a student in the high school 
of Des 3Ioiiies for two years. He then pursued a 
four years' course in the Agricultural College at 

Ames, from wliich institution he was graduated in 
tlie class of 1883. He paid his own waj' through 
college by teaching, and for three years followed 
the same profession in the public schools of Des 
Moines. Desiring to make the practice of law his 
life work, in the fall of 1886, he cntereil the law 
office of Judge C. C. Cole, of Des Moines, under 
whose direction he pursued his studies for some 
time and then read law in the office of Oscar C. 
Peterson. As before stated, he was admitted to 
the bar in 1889, at the January session of the Su- 
preme Court, and at once entered upon the prac- 
tice of his profession. In 1886, he was elected 
Justice of the Peace for a term of two years and, 
in 1888, was re-elected to the same position. 

Mr. Miller was united in marriage on the l.'ith 
of June, 1885, with Miss Mamie Chandler, third 
daughter of George W.and Elizabeth J. Chandler, 
who are both natives of New York, and formerly 
residents of Boone County, Iowa, where their chil- 
dren were educated and their daughters engaged 
in school teaching, but are now living in this city. 
Our subject is a worthy and res[)ecttd citizen and 
is highly esteemed for his integrity as a lawyer. 

r,^,j LBERT A. ANDERSON, M. D., who is en- 
gaged in the practice of medicine, his office 
being located at No. 428 East Locust Street, 
Des IMoines, was born in Lindkoping, Sweden, Feb- 
ruary 17, 1858, and is a son of A. P. and Louise 
Anderson. He was reared to manhood in his na- 
tive country, and received his education in its 
public schools. He emigrated to America in 1S70, 
in company vvitli his parents, the family locating 
in IMomence, Kankakee County, III., whence they 
removed to Boone, Boone County, Iowa. In 1874, 
he commenced clerking in a drug store in Boone, 
Iowa, where he remained live and one-half years, 
and for four years had full control of the store. 
Having decided to make the medical profession 
his life work, he entered Hush Medical College, 
of Chicago, taking the graded course, and was grad- 
uated from that institution in the class of 1882. 
Immediately after taking his degree he opened an 



office in Des Moines, Iowa, where he lias since 
been engaged in practice. He takes rank among 
the leading pliysicians of the county and suc- 
ceded in securing a liberal patronage. 

Dr. Anderson was married in this city on the 
2.3d of October, 1888, to Miss Anna Boehler, a 
daughter of Charles A. I'.oehler. Tiie lady was 
born in New Orleans, and is a member of St. 
Mary's Catholic Cluircli. Tho Doctor belongs to 
the Swedish Evangelical Church, and in politics is 
an Independent Republican. He belongs to the 
I'olk County j\Iedical Association and is also a 
member of the State Medical Society. Dr. Ander- 
son is the possessor of a fine library, which is espe- 
cially rich in works of art. His collection of n-orks 
(if that nature is not excelled in tiie city, and com- 
prises some volumes of great value, now out of 
print. He is a thorough student, and while he has 
devoted his time and attention closely to the study 
of medicine and surgery, and is abreast of the 
the times in all that pertains to scientific discov- 
eries relating to the jirofession, yet he has found 
time to pursue a general course of study in his- 
tory, science and literature, that has entitled him 
to take rank among the scholarly people of his 
day. His circle of friends is extensive, and in the 
social and professional world of Polk County, none 
rank iiigher than Dr. Albert A. Anderson. 

r/OHN A. McCALL is one of the well-known 
members of tiie bar of Polk County. He 
was born on the LOthof February, 1852, 
in Polk County, Iowa. His parents, Thomas 
C. and Sarah A. McC.all, were among its earliest set- 
tlers. He acquired his literary education at the 
Iowa State University, where he also fitted iiim- 
self for the legal profession,. being graduated in 
1872. He then went to Nevada, where he em- 
barked in practice, but in 1875 he determined to 
try his fortune in the capital city. Never yet has 
he had occasion to regret tiie cariying out of that 
resolution, for he has met with excellent success in 
business and has made many warm friends, wlio re- 

gard him as one of the progressive and enterprising 
citizens of Des Moines, and hold him in the high- 
est esteem. His political sentiments are in accord- 
ance with the principles of the Republican party, 
which he has supported since attaining his major- 
it}'. He held the office of County Attorney of 
Polk County, in 1880. 


'iTLi IKAM B. HATCH was one of the welU 
known early eiti/.ens of Des Moines. He 
was born on the IStli of September, 1824, 
0) in Orange County, Vt., and is a son of Asa 
Hatch, a native of Tolland, Conn., who served as a 
soldier in the Colonial Army. He fought at the 
famous battle of Bennington under Gen. Stark, and 
was present at the time of the surrender of the 
British Army by Gen. Burgoyne, to the American 
forces under Gen. Gates. He remained in the ser- 
vice during the entire struggle, and then returned 
to his home in the Green Mountain State, where he 
lived to an advanced age, dying in 1841, in his 
ninetieth year. Mr. Hatch was three times mar- 
ried. His lirst wife was Bets}' Hyde, by whom he 
had sixteen children, fourteen of whom grew to 
mature years, while several lived to advanced life, 
but all have now passed awa}'. Our subject was a 
child of the second marriage, his mother's maiden 
name being .Jane Black, whence he derives his ini- 
tial letter. Of that union were born seven chil- 
dren, four sons and three daughters, of whom three 
sons and two daughters lived to adult age. The 
only surviving ones are: Hiram G., of this sketch, 
and Stearns C, of Evansville, Ind. 

The first of the Hatch family to leave Vermont 
for the West was Joshua, the eldest own brother 
of our suliject. H(! first went to Rock Island, III., 
in his early manhood, and during the [irevalence of 
the gold fever in California crossed the plains to 
the Pacific Coast, where he remained for about three 
years employed in various occupations. He was 
elected judge of a court in California during his 
sojourn in that State, and was ever afterward 
known as Judge Hatch. In the meantime Hiram 
had left the East for Rock Island, III., and shortly 



after tlie return of the Judge to that city the two 
hrotlicrs, in 1854, came to Des Moines. Judge 
llatcli became a prominent business man and rep- 
resentative citizen of the capital cit}'. He dealt 
(|uite extensivel3- in real estate, and for a time was 
a boot and shoe merchant. As Representative from 
this district he served in t!ie State Senate for a 
term, and was honored by iiis fellow- citizens with 
other offlc'al positions. He possessed far more 
than average ability, and his life of uprigiitncss won 
him tlie higli esteem of all witli whom lie liad l)usi- 
ness or social relations. He died in tliis city in 
June, 1881, leaving a family wliieh consisted of a 
wife, one son and four daughters, but one of the 
daughters is now deceased. 

Beside the two lirothers of the Hatcli family al- 
ready mentioned as having become residents of 
this county, their sister Jane, in company with her 
husband, Caleb B. Lathrop, found a home in the 
caiiilal citj'. Tiiey had a familv of five children. 
The mother died several years ago in Winterset, 
Iowa, whither she liad removed from Des Moines. 
The youngest brotlier, Stearns, who has already 
been mentioned, came to Des Moines with his 
brothers from Rock Island, but after a number of 
years spent in this city, removed to Evansville, 

Hiram B. Hatch, the suljjectof this sketch, never 
had occasion to regret the step taken by him in 
in 1854. He found in Des Moines a pleasant home, 
made manj- warm friends among its citizens, and 
won a prominent place in their regard. Here also 
he found bis wife, their marriage being celebrated 
in tliis city in November, 18fi9. The lady was 
formerly Miss Eliza Godson, a native of Troj', 
N. Y., who came to this city witii her parents, Rob- 
ert and Mary (Losey) Godson. Tlie death of the 
father occurred in 18.37, but her mother is still liv- 
ing, and resides witli Mr. Hatcli. That worthy 
coupl'j were the parents of five children, two sons 
and three daughters, of wliom throe are 3'et living: 
Mrs. Mary J. LafTcr, of Des Moines; Mrs. Susan F. 
Laffer, of Sigourney, Keokuk Counlj', Iowa; and 
John A. Godson, of Stewart, Iowa. Thomas J. 
Godson died near Bozeman, Mont., a numl)er of 
years ago. 

Mr. Hatcli was bereft by death of his failhrul 

and beloved vvife, December 21, 1881, and in the 
spring of 1890, he too passed away. He became a 
resident of Des Moines in its infancy, and was ever 
prominentl}" identified w-ith the growth and prog- 
ress of the city. Of unquestioned integrity, and 
possessing a cheerful disposition, ever disposed to 
look upon the bright si<le of life, he was one of the 
most respected and popular citizens. 

>4 SCAR C. PETERSON, who is engaged in the 
practice of law in Des Moines, is a native of 
Sweden. He was born in that country, on 
the 15th*of December, IS;")?, and when a of 
ten years crossed tlie Atlantic with his father. The 
family settled in Webster County, Iowa, and his 
parents are still residents of that community. Our 
subject remained under the parental roof until !it- 
taining his majorit}'. H(! received liljeral educa- 
tional advantages, both in literary- and legal studies, 
and is therefore fitted to become one of the leading 
practitioners at the bar of Polk Count}'. His pri- 
mary education was su[)plemented In- a course in 
the Iowa State Agricultural College at Ames, where 
he remained a student for five 3ears. After a four 
years' course, he graduated in 1882, and the follow- 
ing year i)ursued a post graduate course in the 
same institution, studying under the direction of 
the eminent Dr. \\'elch, and received the degree 
of M.astcr of Philosopiiy. In the meantime lie chose 
the legal profession as a life work and entered the 
Iowa College of Law, a dejiartment of Drake Uni- 
versity at Des jMoines, and graduated from that in- 
stitution in 1884. Without delay be opened an 
office and announced to the pulilic that he was now 
read}' to attend to all legal proceedings which they 
desired to give liim. For two years he was con- 
nected in business with W. L. Reed, but since that 
time has been alone in practice. 

Mr. Ptterson was married in Ft. Wayne. Ind., to 
Miss Florence E. Felts, a native of that State, and 
their union has been blessed with a little daughter, 
Ruth. Although belonging to the younger class of 
lawyers. Mr. Peterson has .already attained an 
honorable standing at the bar of Polk Countv, and 



his abilities, both natural and acquired, are such as 
to attract attention and command respect. By ardu- 
ous study he familiarizxd himself willi all the 
standard works on law, and with his knowledge is 
combined llucncy and a clear understanding. lie is 
a strong supporter of the Republican party in ()oH- 
tics, and as a citizen, law^'er and friend is liighly 
esteemed liy ail who know him. 

||/_^ ILL M. liELL, B. S., M. S. D., resident pro- 
)|) fessor of liiglier mathematics in Callanan 

College, of JJrako University, was Ijorn on 
tlie 19lh of June, 1860, in Licking County, 
Ohio, near Martinsburg, Knox County. Mis pa- 
ternal grandfatiier, John Bell, was a farmer and 
at one time the Democratic Representative of Lick- 
ing County in tlie General Assembly of Oliio. His 
maternal grandfather was an extensive stockdealer 
wiio emigrated from Pennsylvania to the Buckeye 
State in an early day. 

Prof. Bell is a son of James II. Bell, who was 
born in Ijicking (Jounty, Ohio, April 18, 1835, and 
on attaining to 3'ears of maturity wedded Elmy A. 
Cooper, a native of Pennsylvania, born in Wasli- 
ington County, on the 28tli of June, 18.35. They 
removed to Jasi)er County, Iowa, in 1866, and arc 
still living on a farm in that neighborhood. Unto 
them was born a family of three children, two of 
whom are living — Hill M. and David F. 

The elder brother, wliile performing the arduous 
tasks of farm life, felt a desire to follow .some other 
pursuit than the monotonous one of the agricultur- 
ist, so after he had made the best of his advantages 
in the country schools, iie began teaching at the .age 
of eighteen j-ears. To further fit himself for that 
profession, he attended the academy at Hazel Dell, 
and subsequently pursued his studies in the West- 
ern Normal College, where he completed the nor- 
mal and scientific courses. That he might receive 
the benefits of a higher education. Prof. Bell taught 
school, therel)y procuring the means necessary to 
pay his tuition and defr.ay his other expenses while 
in college. lie possessed a resolute and determined 
nature, which overcame all early disadvantages and 

has been an important factor in his success in after 
life. After his graduation, he accei)ted the position 
of Superintendent of the schools of Kellogg, Iowa, 
where he served to the entire satisfaction of his 
patrons until 1888, when he resigned to accept the 
professorship of mathematics in Drake University. 
While a resident of Jasijer County, Prof. Bell was 
nominated on the Republican ticket in 1886 for the 
office of County Superintendent of Public Instruc- 
tion, but declined the honor, [ireferring to tlevote 
his energies exclusively to his chosen calling. 

A most important event in the life of Mr. IJell 
occurred on the 2nd of September, 1886 — his mar- 
riage with Edith L. Oreraugh, a native of Jasper 
County, Iowa, and to them has lieen born one 
daughter. Jessie. The Professor and his wife arc 
both active workers in the Christian Church, giv- 
ing liberally to its support and aiding in its up- 
building in all ways within their power. He is 
associated with C. W. M;u-tindale in editing and 
publishing the Des Moines Teacher, a paper devoted 
to the iiiteresls of education, in which work he has 
now been engaged for eleven years. In February, 
1890, he was elected Principal of the Western Nor- 
mal College, his alma mater, but the trustees of 
Drake University declined to release hiin from his 
present position, and he therefore declined the ten- 
der. At the same time, the Board made him Prin- 
cipal of Callanan Normal College, at an increased 
salary. Although comparatively' a .young man he 
has made a brilliant record and won the high es- 
teem of .all with whom he has come in contact. 


^ ^ALTER AUGUSTUS REKD, deceased, an 
\jijjl early settler and honored citizen of Des 
V^^ Moines, was liorn in Linn, Mass., June 1. 
1807, and died in Des Moines, Iowa, on the 9th of 
February, 1888, in the eighty-first year of his age. 
His parents, Thomas and Elizabeth (Phillips) Reed, 
■were members of the Society of Friends and his 
ancestors on both sides were among the early set- 
tlers of Massachusetts. He began his education in 
the Friends' school, where he remained until nine 
years of age, when he accom|ianie(l his |)arents to 



Stark County, Ohio, then but a sparsely settled 
region, consicleiecl l>y the people of New England 
as the '"Far West." The journey was njadc in 
wagons drawn by horses. Over mountains and 
through forests, the emigrants made tlieir way, 
consuming nearly two niontlis in the passage. 

As the sul)ject of our sketch grew in years and 
strcngtl), he ably assisted liis father in the clearing 
of a licavily timbered farm and later cleared a tract 
of land for iiimself. Before attaining his majority 
he learned tlie tanner's trade and when twent_y-one 
years of age. tliougli possessing but little capital, 
began the manufacture of leather in Massillon, 
Ohio. His energ_y and industry brouglit him 
moderate success. In Marcli, 1832, he was called 
to mourn tiie death of his motiici'. That same year 
he joined the first temperance society' organized in 
Massillon, and in June, of that year made a visit to 
his native place, lie was in Boston when the nevvs 
of President Jackson's veto of the bill establishing 
the United States Bank was received, an event 
which cre.'ited much excitement in the financial 
circles of the cit\'. 

Mr. Reed was also married November 23, 1832, 
to Miss Eleanor Sarah Wright, in Millersburg, 
Ohio. She was a native of Rutland, England, born 
November 7, 1811, and came with her parents to 
America when but sixteen j'ears of age. Three 
sons and three daughters were born unto them, of 
whom one son and two daughters lived to mature 
years. Annette was the wife of S. J. Dangler, and 
died in 1865; Walter G., whose sketch appears 
elsewhere in this volume, is engaged in the mercan- 
tile business in Dcs Moines; Helen, the youngest 
daughter, is the wife of John H. Merrill, of Des 
Moines; Alvira died at the age of two years; and 
two sons died in infancj-. In 1849, Mr. Reed, like 
many others, caught the gold fever and went to 
California, partly with the iiope of improving his 
iicalth and Avith a view of securing a share of the 
3'ellow treasure. After an absence of si.xteen 
months, his liopes having been realized in a fair de- 
gree, he returned to his home. In the winter of 
1850-51, he engaged in active business at his old 
home in Ohio, and in 1857, emigrated to Iowa, 
settling in Des Moines. During the first two years 
of his residence in the capital city, Mr. Reed was a 

member of the wholesale and retail grocery firm of 
Laird Bros. & Co. He tiien formed a partnership 
with his son Walter G. in the wholesale and retail 
business, dealing in leather, saddlery hardware and 
shoe findings. Starting with a limited capital, they 
increased their stock and and extended their busi- 
ness as their accumulated capital permitted until 
they built up an extensive and prosperous trade. 
In 1883, imi)aired health caused Mr. Reed to retire 
from active business, when he made a transfer of 
his interest in the house to his son, who has since 
continued the business. 

During his active business life, Mr. Reed made 
many substantial additions to his ado))ted city and 
aided greatly- in the improvement and development 
of the county'. He erected a brick business build- 
ing and eight residences, and improved six farms. 
He was a Whig in early life and later a Republican 
and took a patriotic interest in tlie success of the 
Union Army in the late war. Both he and his wife 
were consistent members of the Episcopal Church 
from t'leir early years until life was ended. Mr. 
Reed was recognized as one of tlie substantial and 
relialile business men of Des Moines, and as one 
whose integrity and honor were above reproach. 
His wife iireceded him to the better land, dying 
August 5, 1884. 

ON. WILLIAM CONNOR, a leading lawyer 
of Des Moines and a member of the law 
firm of Gatch, Connor & Weaver, was born 
on the Emerald Isle on the 4th of April, 
1845, but has passed nearly his entire life in Amer- 
ica, having crossed the broad Atlantic to this 
country with his parents in 1848, when only three 
years obi. The famil}' settled in Oneida County, 
N. Y., where the subject of this sketch was reared 
and received a common-school education. In his 
eighteenth year he responded to the call of his 
adopted country for aid, and in May, 1863, offered 
his services to tiie Government. He was assigned 
to Company D, of tiie Thirteenth New York Cav- 
alry .and served until the close of the war, being 
mustered out May 25, 1865. He was captured in 



J ^ejz^^^-r^:^ 



Culpeper, Va., September 25, LSG3, and confiued 
in Libby, l^anville and Salisbury Prisons until the 
1st of May, 18G4,wlien he was exolianged. On his 
retnrn from the array lie studied iaw in I'tica, N. Y., 
and was admitted to the bar, in Syracuse, in 1867. 
From tiiat time forward Mr. Connor has been en- 
gaged in the practice of the legal profession, stead- 
ily working his v/ay ui.iward step by step until he 
now occupies a prominent position at the bar. He 
first opened an office in Utica, where he continued 
business until 1S69 when he came to Des Moines, 
where he has since been engaged in active practice 
with the cxeeption of a few years spent in the dis- 
charge of official duties. Mr. Connor is a Repub- 
lican in politics and by that party was elected to 
the oflice of District Attorney, which position lie 
filled from 1878 until 1882. From January 1, 
1883 until September, 1 885, he served as Circuit 
Judge, and in both positions was alike faithful to 
duty. The existing partnership of Gatch, Connor 
ifc Weaver was formed in 1885. 

Judge Connor was married in Des Moines. April 
25, 1883, his union being with Miss Eva Gatch, 
daughter of Col. C. H. Gatch, and a native of 
Xenia, Ohio. They have three interesting children. 

^'OHN D. SEEBERGER. Among the most 
successful and iiighly respected business 
men of Des Moines must be classed the 
l^j//' wortliy gentleman whose name heads this 
sketch. For twenty-six years he has been engaged 
in the hardware business in this city and is now 
proprietor of the only wholesale hardware house in 
Des Moines. 

Mr. Seeberger was born in New York City, on 
the 4tli of November, 183C, and is a son of Joim 
D. and Dorathca ((^oeth) Seeberger, lioth of wiiom 
were natives of Wetzlar, Prussia, where they were 
reared and married. In 1831, they emigrated to 
America, locating in New York City, where tiiey 
resided until 1837, when they removed to Wooster, 
Ohio. Their family consisted of three sons and two 
daughters, of wIkuu J. I)., of this sketch, is the 
yiHingest. The eldest brother. Alexander, is now 

in California but usually makes his home in Mon- 
mouth, III.; Anthony F. was tiie late United States 
collector of the port of Chicago and is yet a resi- 
dent of that city. The two daughters died in child- 
hood. The mother, a most estimable woman, whose 
life was devoted to the comfort of her family and 
the training of her children to be useful and worthy 
members of society, died at her home in Wooster 
in the spring of 1858. Mr. Seeberger Sr., subse- 
quently came to Des Moines, where he was an hon- 
ored and cherished member of the household of his 
youngest son, J. 1)., until his death, which occurred 
in February, 1886, at the advanced age of ninety- 
three years. 

Our subject attended the jjublic schools of Woo- 
ster, Ohio, until fourteen years of age when he began 
an apprenticeship to the mercantile business in the 
dry-goods house of James B. A Neal Power, of 
AVooster. He devoted himself to the discharge of 
the duties devolving upon him with an energy and 
fidelity that won him the confidence and regard of 
his employer and procured liiin promotion. In 
1860, after ten years of continuous service with 
that firm, he found his health seriously impaired, 
which led to his leaving the store and making a 
journej' to the Territory of Idaho, then a moun- 
tainous wilderness almost wholly in the possession 
of the Indians who were in their natural wild con- 
dition and in many instances hostile to the en- 
croaching settlements of the whites upon their 
favorite hunting grounds. Mr. Seeberger spent four 
years in that region and then returned to the States 
with renewed health and vigor. After spending a 
few months in Chicago, lie came to Des Moines, in 
February, 1865, and purchased the interest of Mr. 
Ciiilds, of the firm of Childs & Howell, hardware 
merchants of this city. The new firm of Howell & 
Seeberger continued in the retail hardware busi- 
ness exclusively until 1870, when they extended 
their business by doing a jobbing mv) >vholesale 
trade. That connection was continued until 1872, 
when Mr. Seeberger purchased his partner's inter- 
est and has since carried on business alone under 
his indiviihial name. When he began the whole- 
sale trade in 1870, the annual business amounted to 
Init ^50,000, but under the judicious and enterpris- 
ing management of its proprietor, the volume of 



trade h;is increaseri until, at tliis writing in 1 890, tUe 
liouse of J. D. Seeljerger does a business amounting 
to lialf a million of dollars, while, owing to the 
prevailing low prices, the actual amount of goods 
handled is largely in excess, in proportion to the 
given increase of the business in dollars and cents. 
The building occupied by Mr. Seeberger is situated 
at the southeast corner of West Court Avenue and 
Fifth Street in what is known as the Cole Block. 
This imilding has a frontage of forty-four feet on 
Court Avenue and one hundred and thirty -two feet 
deep on Fifih .Street, is a brick structure four 
stories high with basement, and the entire block, ex- 
cept a few small rooms used as law offices on the 
second floor, is occupied by Mr. Seeberger in his 
extensive Ijusiness. His is the only wholesale hard- 
ware house in the capit-il cit^' and is one of the most 
important in the .State. The annual freight bills of 
this house amount to upwards of -'?25,000 and the 
line of goods handled embraces every thing in- 
cluded in a general hardware stock. 

]Mr. Seeberger was married in Chicago on the 
loth of November, 18G6, to Miss Maryett B. 
Cooper, a daughter of Hugh Cooper and a native 
of Mt. ^'ernon, Ohio. Both he and his wife are 
members of St. Paul's Episcopal Church and have 
been associated with that society for many years. 

In politics. Mr. Seeberger is a Democrat, yet not 
so strong a partisan but that he ignores party lines 
in local elections. He has never had time or in- 
clination to take an active part in practical politics 
or to serve in any official capacity. The legitimate 
pursuit of business has been more congenial to his 
taste and he has apjjlied himself to it with such 
earnestness and good judgment that he has achieved 
marked success and won a foremost place among 
the prominent business men of Des Moines, while 
all with whom Mr. Seeberger has had business rela- 
tions, appreciate his fair and courteous treatment 
and his strict integrity. There is an inner side to 
his character that is best known to his family and 
intimate friends. The earnest devotion with which 
he cared for his parents in their declining years be- 
speaks a tenderness of heart and lilial regard that 
is more to be commended than business success or 
the winning of honor or renown among the masses. 
His father, who lived twenty-three years be^'ond 

the allotted age, was comparatively helpless during 
the closing years of his life and as he had but im- 
[jcrfectly acquired a knowledge of the English 
language, he was more dependent on his son for 
company and assistance than he might otherwise 
have been. That he received from Mr. Seeberger 
the most unremitting attention ami the tenderest 
care that affection could prompt or intelligence de- 
vise is well known, and to a degree that makes 
mention of the fact not inappropriate in this sketch, 
where a delineation of character is one of the pur- 
looses of the writer in the preparation of this work 
which is designed to be a record that will be read 
even long after the present generation shall have 
'•[)assed over to the silent majority." 

f\/\ ^ # t ^ 

' » Ft I tW 

/A,., J. MATHIS, Flsq., .Justice of the Peace of 
l^/cJl! Des Moines, is a native of Iowa, and a rep- 
resentative of one of the pioneer families 
1^ of the State. His father, William Matliis, 

settled in Des Moines County, in 1834, residing 
there for twenty-one years, when in 1855, accom- 
panied by his family he came to Polk County, and 
located in Douglas Township, where he resided un- 
til his death in Jpnuary, 1865. His wife, vvlio sur- 
vived him many years, died in AjM'il 1888, at the 
advanced age of eighty-one .years. William Ma- 
this was a farmer by occupation and a worthy and 
respected citizen. He and his wife were the parents 
of ten children, but of that once numerous family 
only two are now living — A. J., of this sketch, and 
a younger brother, George, who is now a resident 
of Douglas Township, Polk Count}'. Another 
brother, James II., during the late war enlisted as a 
soldier of Company B, Fifteenth Regiment Iowa 
Infantry, and while the Rebellion was in progress 
died in the hospital at Jackson, Tenn. Two other 
brothers, John T. and William, also grew to ma- 
ture years and at their death left families. The 
other members of the family diad in early life. 

The boyhood days of our subject were spent in 
the usual manner of farmer lads. He was reared to 
agricultural pursuits and for some time previous to 
his removal to Des Moines he was engaged in the 



stock business. On his arrival iu the C ipital City 
lie opened an office and branched out as a real-estate 
dealer, wliich business he continued until elected 
to his present office, which he has occupied since 
January, 1887. He is progressive and public- 
spirited, industrious and enterprising and has 
proved liimself an efficient public otlii/er. In the 
management of his business interests lie displayed 
much ability and acquired for himself and family 
a comfortable competence. 

The wife of Mr. Mathis was in her maidenhood. 
Miss Amanda P. Carr, being a daughter of Lind- 
sey Carr. Unto them have been born two children, 
sons, namely: Frank A., who is dealing in real 
estate at Des Moines; and Whitney II., who is now 
a student of the High School of this cit^'. 

_g<' * ■ 

jjICHARD A. GRIFFITH, insurance agent, 
fc of Des Moines, was born in Dulverton^ 
Somersetshire, England, on the I6th of 
^' September, 1847, and is a son of Robert E. 
and Amelia (Duggan) Griffith, both of whom were 
natives of Bath, England. For some twenty-five 
yeai's, his father was employed in the custom de- 
partment of the English Government and while 
serving in that capacity, in the discharge of his 
duties was called to different parts of tiie realm, so 
that some of his children were born in England, 
some in Ireland and some in Canada. At length he 
severed his connections with tlie office, in which he 
had so long and faithfully served and in the year 
1857, settled permanently in Canada. Not long 
after his arrival in that country he was elected to a 
position, the <luties of which were to have < liarge 
of the penal institution of Toronto, to proviiie for 
the jail and pay the salaried ofHcers. He has now 
passed his throe-score years and ten, but is still serv- 
ing in tlipt capacity, having held the office for 
twenty-six years. It need hardly be said that in- 
tegrity and uprightness have characterized his life 
for his long continued public service well indicates 
that fact. Both lie and his wife are members of the 
Established Church of England. In their family 
were eleven children, of whom six arc now liviiiii. 

four sons and two daughters. William E., the eldest 
son is chief clerk in the inspector's office of the 
postal department of Toronto, in which he has 
served twenty-three 3'ears; John W. is engaged in 
the practice of medicine; Richard A. is tlie next 
younger, and Edward D. is Quartermaster at tlie 
Royal Military Academy at London, Ontario. 

Our subject had but me.agre advantages in his 
youth but through private instruction and his own 
effort has acquired a good education and has be- 
come a successful business man. At the age of fif- 
teen years he began life for himself as a salesman in 
a wholesale book and stationery store, where he re- 
mained for six and a half years. He then embarked 
in business for himself in Montreal, but sold out 
after three years. His residence in Des Moines dates 
from April, 1872, when he came to this city and en- 
tered the employ of Carter & Hussey, with whom 
he remained some five years. Again he embarked 
in business for himself in the book and stationery 
line, in 1879. but sold out in 1882, and the follow- 
ing year engaged in the real-estate and insurance 
business, still continuing the latter. Every firm 
with which he has been connected has retained him 
in its employ for a long period and it was doubtless 
at his own request that the connection was severed, 
for, faithful to every duty he won the respect of 
his employers and retained their confidence to the 
last. So<.ually, he is a member of the Blasonic and 
Odd-Fellows societies and in politics in an advocate 
of Republican princi(iles. 

A marriage ceremony performed on the 25th of 
October, 1878, united the destinies of Richard A. 
Griffith and Jennie Dewey. The lad}' was born in 
N'ermont on the 23d of March, 1856, and is a 
daughter of Col. J. N. and Helta (Johnson) Dewey. 
Unto them have been born two children, sons, 
Jesse D. and John N. I). Mr. Griffith and his wife 
are members of the Episco|)al Church. 

/^ APT. J. S. CLARK, of the law firm of Cole, 
[if ^.^ McVey & Clark, is a lawyer o( merit, worth 
^^^ and ability, and as a citizen ranks among 
the best in Polk County, Iowa. He was born on 



the I 7th of Octolier. 1841, in Johnson County, Ind., 
of wiiich county liis parents were pioneers, remov- 
ing from Kentucky and locating in tlie forests of 
Central Indiana about 1S20. His early life was 
spent upon the old homestead, vvhere lie remained 
until 1854, wiien willi the family he came to War- 
ren Count}', Iowa. The death of his father occurred 
in 1856, and upon our subject then devolved the 
care and support of his widowed mother and sisters, 
with whom he remained upon the farm until the 
death of Mrs. Clark in 1859. 

The outbreak of the late Rebellion found our 
subject just entering upon liis collegiate career at 
tlie Iowa Wesleyan University, situated at Mt. 
Pleasant, but when President Lincoln issued iiis 
first call for troops he laid aside his text books and 
volunteered, enlisting as a [irivate in Company F, 
of the First Iowa Regiment. When his term of 
service had expired he again enlisted and was as- 
signed to Company C, of the Thirtj'-fourth Iowa. 
Infantry, of which he was made Second Lieutenant. 
On the death of the Captain, who fell in the battle 
of Arkansas Post while .advancing side b}- side with 
the subject of this sketch, the latter was promoted 
to the captaincy of his company. By the customs 
of war the First Lieutenant would have received 
the promotion, but owing to his superior fitness and 
Eoldierl}- qualities Lieut. Clark was made Captain. 
He proved himself a faithful soldier, both as a pri- 
vate and as an officer, and during the entire strug- 
gle was ever found at his post of duty, defending 
as best he could the honor of his country' and the 
Union cause. His conqianj' in competitive drill 
took the banner as the best drillecl, and as having 
the most soldierly licaring of all the companies in 
the command to which the regiment belonged. 

When the war was over Mr. Clark returned to 
Iowa, but shortly afterward entered the Ohio Wes- 
leyan University at Delaware, from which lie was 
graduated with high rank in the class of 1878. 
Deciding to study law lie joined the first class of 
the Law Department of the Iowa State University 
and became ^'aledictorian of the class of 1809. Jlr. 
Clark then served as Deputy United States Marshal 
for a short time and entered upon the practice of iiis 
chosen profession in Des Moines in 1870, which he 
has carried on continuonsl v since. He has been 

|)r()inii;cntly connected with many of the institu- 
tions of this cit3% especially those that are for the 
upbuilding and advancement of its best interests, 
among which may be mentioned the Iowa College 
of Law, of which he was Secretary and Treasurer 
for some years; the Des Moines Insurance Com- 
pau}', the Des Moines Edison Electric Light Com- 
jiany, the Young Men's Christian Association, of 
each of which he has been President, and the Ply- 
mouth Congregational Church, of which he has been 
for manj' years an active and faithful member. 

In 1870 Capt. Clark was united in marriage with 
Miss Laura C. Hutchinson, of Iowa City, who died 
a year later. In 1876 he wedded Jliss Fannie ISI. 
Page, daughter of E. S. Page, a leading insui\ance 
man of the West. I'nto them have been born six 
children— Laura, Glenn, Page, Helen, Mabel and 

'GEORGE F. HENRY, who is engaged in the 
practice of law at Des Moines, as a member 
J^ of the firm of Berry hill & Henry, was born 
in Cook Count}', 111., on the 27th of August, 1854, 
and is a son of John E. Henry. His father was a 
native of the Empire State, but removed to Illinois 
with the early Western railroad movement, being a 
pioneer in that line of work. He was Superintend- 
ent of the construction of the Chicago & Rock Isl- 
and Railroad between those cities, and in 1865 
removed to Iowa, where he officiated in the same 
capacity on the construction of tiie Mississippi & 
Missouri Railroad, which was subsequently merged 
in the Chicago, Rock Island & I'acific. For some 
time Mr. Henry made his home in Davenport, but 
is now living in Des Moines. Iiis family numbered 
three sons: J. Hovvard, who is now engaged in 
the abstract and loan business in Des Moines; 
Charles A. is engaged in railroading in Utah Ter- 
ritory; George F., the third son, was reared in 
Davenport, Iowa, and acquired his literary educa- 
tion in f iris wold College, of that city. He began 
the study of law in 1873, and was graduated from 
the law department of the Iowa State University in 
1876. The following year he located in Des Moines, 
forming a partnership with Mr. Berryhill, which 









(l/^aaci S^aynctf~ 



has continued tlirough a successful career of thir- 
teen years. He is Master in Cliancery of the 
United States Circuit Court, a position wliicli he 
has held for tlirec years. 

Mr. Henry was married, in Des JMoincs, to INIiss 
Rose Casady, daugliter of Judge Casady, of thi« 
city, but the beloved wife was ( ailed to her final rest 
April 21, 1889, leaving two children — VV'ard C. and 
Phineas McCray. In politics Mr. Henry is a Re- 
publican, wliile religiously, he is a member and ves- 
tryman of St. Paul's Episcopal Churcli of tiiis city. 

^ ^^ <^ 

ON. ISAAC BRANDT, a prominent citizen 
K ■))) of Des Moines, dating his residence from 
IkV^ 18.i)G, is tlie youngest son of David and 
Martha (Hamilton) Brandt. He was born 
near Lancaster, Fairfield County, Ohio, on the 7tli 
of April, 1827, and his father, a native of Cumber- 
land County, Pa., was born December 22, 1776. 
The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Adam and Eve (Metzler) Brandt, wlio were born of 
German parents, and were married Marcli 28, 1775, 
on the eve of the great struggle for American In- 
dependence. They had only just erected their 
small stone house in tiie wilds of Cumberland 
County, Pa., when the war began. Tlieir lives 
were in constant danger from roving Tories or 
hostile Indians, but both were good shots, and it 
was the custom of the liusband to carry a rifle at- 
tached to liis plow, while his wife had another l>y 
her side while she sat at her spinning wiieel, under 
the shade of a tree near the centre of the field. In 
the autumn of 1776, Adam Brandt sliouldercd his 
gun and enlisted in the Continental Army. It was 
only at very rare intervals that he had tlie pleasure 
of visiting home, and it was not until liis son, 
David, the father of our subject, was tliree years 
old, tliat the fattier saw tlie boy. for the child was 
born in December after his enlistment. Mr. 
Brandt served until the country' had attained its 
freedom and then resumed his farming operations, 
becoming one of the substantial citizens of Cum- 
berland County, Pa. He and his good wife li\'ed 
to enjoy fifty-live years of wedded life. 

It is a peculiarity of the Brandt family, of which 
they may lie justly proud, that more members of 
their family have maintained their marriage rela- 
tions long enough to celebrate the golden wed- 
dings than perhaps any other family- in the United 
States. Adam and Eve (Metzler) Brandt lived 
togetlior as man and wife for fifty-six 3'ears. 
Adam Brancit, .Jr., brother of our suliject, lived 
with his wife, Re))ecca Cooper, fifty years. John 
Brandt and Hannah Coulson had been married 
fifty-three years wlien death se|)arated them. 
Martin and Blary Ann (Raudabaugh) Brandt cele- 
brated tlieir golden wedding November 21, 1889, 
and our subject and liis estimable wife have lived 
together for more than forty years, and bid fair to 
reach their golden wedding. Four of the above 
are brothers, and their liistory is probably with- 
out a pai.allel in this country. 

Tlie Brandt family was founded in America by 
Gottlieb Brandt, who emigrated from Germany to 
America, in 1747, and settled in Huminelstown, 
Pa. His son was the grandfather of our subject. 

David Brandt, the father of Isaac, was a saddler 
and harness maker by trade and, as he was the 
eldest son of the family, received su(ierior educa- 
tional advantages. He married Miss Martha Ham- 
ilton, ill Pennsylvania, November 24, 1808, and 
in 1814, removed to Lancaster, P'airfleld County, 
Ohio. Ilis wife, who was of Scotch- Irish parent- 
age, was born in York County, Pa., May 3, 1785. 
They had six children, five sons and one daughter. 
The mother died December 27, 1817, and Mr. 
Brandt passed away October 17, 1854. Brandt was born on a farm, and his early 
life was passed in much the usual manner of farmer 
lads. His education was received in the district 
school and at Williams College, and at the age of 
sixteen he was apprenticed to tiie shoemaker's 
trade, serving two years without pay. From that 
time until he was of age ho worked at his trade 
during the summer and attended school in the 
winter, or followed the profession of teaching. 
On attaining his majority he gave his father all 
the money he uossessed, rented a shop, and at 
daylight on the morning of his twenty-first birth- 
day might have been si en in a little room ready 
to begin life for hiiusi'lf, as a ^liociiiaker. without 



a cent in his iiool^ets. The first day, Friday, he 
earned seventy- five cents and on Saturday §1. 
The next week lie cleared ^10 and felt that he was 
on the (liiect road to success. By autumn of the 
following year he had accumulated enough wealth 
to justify him in setting up a home for himself 
and, on the 1st of November, 1849, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Harriet Wisely, a daugliter 
of Pklward and Leah Wisely. She was of English 
descent, and was horn and reared in the same 
neighborhood witii her husband. 

lu the month of May, 1850, Mr. Brandt re- 
moved with his young bride to Audubon, DeKalb 
County, Ind., where he carried on the boot and 
shoe business with marked success. In October, 
1854, he was elected Sheriff of DeKalb County, 
and served two years, to the satisfaction of his 
constituents and with credit to himself. About 
this time he became infected with the Western 
fever and, in January, 1856, came to Iowa, in 
company with Judge Morris, of Ft. \Va3ne, and 
T. R. Dickerson. of Waterloo, Ind. After visiting 
several of the principal cities of the State, includ- 
ing Des Moines and Council Bluffs, he made some 
investments in real estate in the last named town, 
which subsequently proved quite profitable. He 
then returned to Indiana, and in the spring of 
1858 brought his familj', then consisting of wife 
and three children, to Des Moines. Soon after his 
arrival lie embarked in general merchandising and 
carried on that line of business until 1866, when 
lie .sold out and became a real-estate dealer. 
Uiiring the late war he gave a patriotic support to 
the Government, in liberal donations and in en- 
couraging enlistments. 

In politics, Mr. Brandt is a stanch Republican. 
and while a life-long temperance man l)elieves that 
the best interests of the temperance cause will be 
served through the success of the Republican 
party. In January, 1 867, he was ap|)ointed Assist- 
ant State Treasurer, wliich ollice he held six years, 
when in the fall of 1x73, he was elected to the 
Fifteenth General Assembly of Iowa, was made 
Chairman of the committee of ways and means 
and of the committee on cities and towns. He 
did good service on each, and was instrumental in 
securing the passage of some important measures 

that were of great public benefit. In the spring 
of 1877, he was elected to the city council, and 
was chosen mayor pro tern, and in the spring of 
1880 received the Republican nomination for that 
office, but on account of sectional issues was de- 
feated by a small majority. Mr. Brandt has been 
a consistent worker in the cause of temperance 
since his boyhood, and has made a record in that 
direction equalled by few. During his long life 
of sixty-three years he has never drank a drop of 
alcoholic liquors, wine or beer, neither has he used 
tobacco in any form. For many years he has been 
identified with various temperance societies, and in 
the fall of 1862, was elected Grand Worthy Chief 
Templar of the Independent Order of Good Tem- 
plars, of Iowa, re-elected in 1863, again in 1870, 
1871 and 1879, making five full terms as Chief of 
the order. His annual contributions to this cause 
range in amounts from 8100 to §300. 

Mr. and Mrs. Brandt have had a family of six 
children, four sons and two daughters. Amos W., 
the eldest, married Miss Mattie J. Moffatt. and is 
the present Auditor of Polk County ; Josiah died 
at the age of two years; Alice J. wife of John B. 
Taylor, of Des Moines, died November 3, 1889; 
Olive C. resides with her parents; George W. mar- 
ried ]\Iiss Ida L. Vannatta, and is living in Chi- 
cago; William R., the youngest, is engaged in the 
coal business with his father and lirother, Amos. 
All arc strictly temperate, like llie futlier. and are 
occupying useful and honorable positions in life. 

Mr. Brandt is one of the original abolitionists, 
and from early childhood until slavery was abol- 
ished, took an active part in carrying out his prin- 
ciiiU'S and in assisting fugitive slaves on their way 
to Canada. His first experience was peculiar and 
illustrates in a degree the characteristics of the 
man. While serving his aiiprenticeship to his 
trade, in Ohio, he had no means of earning money 
excejit on two or three occasions during the year. 
It so hainiened that a dog. which had been killing 
shee]), had been killed and his carcass thrown in a 
lane near by. Hoping to make an honest [lenny, 
young Brandt was up by daybreak the next morn- 
ing, and stripping the hide from the dog sold it to 
a neighboring tanner for twenty-five cents. That 
being his only cash capital, it was hoardetl very 



carefully until one day he observed a poor negro, 
Avliom lie soon saw by his signs was a runaway and 
nearly starved. Young Brandt went to his mis- 
tress and asked her if slie would give a poor hun- 
gry negro something to eat, whereupnn she wanted 
to know if lie was a runaway slave. On lieing 
assured that he was not, she said that she would 
give liim a meal if he would pay for it. Under 
the circumstances there was only one thing to ilo. 
Mr. Brandt returned to the runaway and gave him 
the precious coin that he had received for the dog 
skin, and told him to go and eat, after which the 
young underground conductor directed his charge 
on his way. He helped many an escaping slave to 
make his way northward, while still a youth, and 
after coming to-Iowa he kept it up. .Mr. Brandt 
first m.ade the acquaintance of John Brown in 
Lawrence, Knn„ in 1857, and afterwards saw him 
three times at Des Moines, the last time not long 
before the attack on Harper's Ferry. Brown came 
along early one morning, with four negroes lying 
in ills wagon bed covered with corn stalks. He 
stopped and talked a while and at lengtii bid good- 
b}' to Mr. Brandt, over a little wooden gate in the 
yard. That was the last he saw of John Brown, 
hut the old gate is still jjreserved by iiim as a 
cherished relic. Mr. Brandt [lossesses man}- of the 
characteristics of the Scotch, is earnest, energetic, 
self-reliant and shrewd. He has prospered in life 
and is recognized as a successful business man and 
good citizen. 

^=^ ETH GRAHAM, an early settler of Iowa, 

^^^ and a memlier of the firm of Gate l\: Gra. 

111/_~B) ham, proprietors of tiie Des Moines Trans- 

fer Com|iany, is a native of the Buckeye 

State. He was born in Wayne County, Ohio, 

April 17, 1831, and is a son of John Newton and 

Esther (Wakefield) Graham. His father, a native 

of Scotland, emigrated to America in 1793, with 

his parents, and on the voyage the paternal granil- 

fatlier of our subject passed away. The remainder 

of the family landed at Philadelphio, where the 

mother died shortly afterward, and the children 

became scattered. John N. Graham went to Lan- 
caster, Pa., where he was apprenticed to and learned 
the millwright's trade, and was also married near 
that city. In 1828 he removed to Wayne County, 
Ohio, where he worked at his trade and speculated 
in land. Later, he removed to Ashland, Ohio, 
where he built a woolen mill, and thence, in 1838, 
removed to Pike County, Ind. He there erected a 
sawmill, but afttr operating it for about two years, 
sold out and went, with his family, to Perry 
County, III. His wife, the mother of our subject, 
was born near Lancaster, Pa., and was of Scotch- 
Irish descent. Her death occurred in November, 
1846, and four years later, in November, 1850, her 
husband departed this life. 

Seth G;aham receiveil a common-school educa- 
tion, and from early boyhood was familiar with 
the tools used in wood work. In that manner he 
learned to assist his father, and developed con- 
crable ability in the line of mechanics. He re- 
mained at home until 1849. and the nest year 
witnessed his arrival in Iowa, his first location 
being in Muscatine. Subsequently lie secured em- 
ployment with M. N. Milburn, a contractor and 
builder of Cedar County, with wbom he remained 
for three years building bridges and a steamboat. 
He was engaged in stearnboating until May, 1855, 
when he located in Des Moines, which has since 
been his home. During the first years of his resi- 
dence in this city he was variously employed, act- 
ing as a sawyer in a mill for a portion of the time. 
In 1863 he began learning the trade of a machinist, 
and devoted five years to that occupation. In 1868 
he formed the existing partnership with Mr. Gate 
in the transfer business, which they have carried 
on continuously since, having secured .an excellei.t 
tra<le in that line. 

On the 29th of November, 18G9, in Des Moines, 
Mr. Graham and Miss Elizabetli A. King, daugh- 
ter of Joiin King, were joined in wedlock. The 
h'dv. a native of Iluntingtonshire, England, came 
to America in 1851. Three children were born 
of their union— Augustus Willard died at the age 
of fifteen years; Frederick W., who. was Ixjrn in 
Elkhart Township, Polk County, September 19 
1867, is now employed in the office of Gate A' 
Graham; A., who was Lioin in Des Moines, 


is still Willi her parenls. Mr. Graham and f.imily 
are raemliers of the Episcopal Church. In politics 
he is a Republican, but has never sought or de- 
sired public ofBce. Both he and his son are mem- 
))crs of Pioneer Lodge. No. 22, A. F. tt A. M., 
Corinthian Chapter. No. 14, R. A. :M., and Temple 
Commandery, No. 4, K. T. Mr. Graliam has been 
Treasurer of Pioneer Loilge for twenty consecu- 
tive years, of the Chapter ten years, and of the 
Commander^- seventeen years, and is the present 
Treasurer of all these organizations. His long 
continued service as custodian of the funds of the 
order in those institutions plainly indicates that 
he enjoys the confidence of his brethren to the 
fullest extent, and that his integrity is beyond 
question. For thirty-five years Mr. Graham has 
been a resident of Des Moines, during which time 
his fellow-citizens have known iiini tmly to esteem 
and respect him for the possession of the sterling 
qualities that go to make up the true man. 

— -^♦■ | ' ' ' l ' ^ ' ^ ' 

^ LVA W. VOOUUY, a highly respected cit- 
izen of Bloonifield Township, residing on 

section 20, has for a quarter of a century 
made his home in Polk County, and dur- 
ing the greater part of that lime was prominently 
connected with the business circles (jf Des Moines. 
Four years ago, wishing to live a more retired life 
he removed to liis farm, upon which has been built 
one of the finest residences in the community. Tlie 
dwelling is not onh' substantial and commodious, 
but it is also lastefuilj' furnisiied and surrounded 
by all the comforts of life. Situated on a natural 
building site in the midst of a beautiful grove, it 
attracts the notice of every passer-by and forms a 
marked feature in the landscape. 

As the owner has an extensive acquaintance and 
is regarded as one of the leading citizens of the 
county, we feel that his sketch will be of interest to 
many. He was born on a farm in Caledonia, Vt., 
January 24, 182.i. His parents, Lewis and Marj' 
(Cole) Voodry, were natives of Lower Canada, but 
at an early day settled in Caledonia County, wliere 
they spent the remaindci- of their lives. The^- were 
upright people, respected by all who knew iheui 

and made friends wherever tlicy went. The father 
was a farmer by occupation and followed that l)us- 
iness for many \'ears. Of their family* of thirteen 
children, only six are living, namely: John, Frank, 
Josephus W., Gilbert L., Sarah and Alva. 

Our subject spent the days of his boyhood and 
youth in much the same manner in wliich all 
farmer lads occupy their time. He assisted his 
father in the summer months, and during the win- 
ter season attended the district school, where he 
acquired a good English education. At the age of 
twenty 3'ears he determined to engage in some 
other pursuit than tliat to which he was reared, and 
went to Fairfield, Franklin County, Yt., where 
he learned the carriage-maker's trade, which he fol- 
lowed for about eight years. Tiie succeeding eiglit 
j'ears of his life were spent as a salesman in Peoiia, 
III., after which he came to Iowa. In the mean- 
time, however, he was united in marriage with 
Delia Freeman, the wedding taking place on the 
30th of May. 1852. Their union was blcssoii with 
a family of live children but only two are now liv- 
ii)o — Carrie, Vv-ife of Carl McNeil, of Des Moines; 
and Alva, who resides on the farm with his father. 
On his arrival in Des Moines in 1865, 1\Ir. 
^'oodry opened a carriage manufactury and did an 
extensive l)usiness in that line until 187(;. when he 
sold out. lie then became proprietoi- of a tlour 
and fced^store, which he successfully conducted 
until 1883, when he also disposed of it and removed 
to his farm as above mentioned. He possesses all 
the qualities essential to a succcssfid business ca- 
reer, is persevering, energetic and sagacious. Idle- 
ness is utterly foreign to his nature and although 
he has acquired a competency which would enable 
him to live without further labor he will not en- 
tirely lay aside all work, but devotes himself to the 
care of his farm of twenty-five acres. He takes a 
deep interest in public affairs, has given liberally 
to the support of those enterprises which arc cal- 
culated to upbuild and benefit the community, and 
in politics, is a Rei)ulilican. 

In 1873, Mr. Voodrj' was called u()on to mourn 
the loss of his wife who passed to her final rest on 
the 8th of January. She was interred in Green- 
wood Cemetery and many were the expressions of 
deep regret at her loss. A memlicr of the Baptist 




( M S^z^^i^^^ 

<^^A^- ^^-c^i^^ 


, ASTOft, LENOX .— I 



Cliurcli, she lived a consistent Cliristian life and 
was ready to respond to the summons of the Blas- 
ter. Mr. Voodry was again married in November, 
1873. .lane Blodgett becoming his wife. Both arc 
members of the Baptist Church and are widely 
known throughout the community. 

The history of Polk Count}' would be in- 
complete without the sketch of the gentlc- 
i^^j//' man whose name appears above. In his 
death Iowa lost one of her truest, noblest sons, one 
whom the State mourned and whose loss will not 
cease to be felt while the present generation lives. 
He was born in Fayette Count}-, Pa.,. Tune 2.5, 1820, 
and remained in liis native State until he had at- 
tained to mature years, when he removed to Colum- 
biana County, Ohio. In that county he became ac- 
quainted with Miss Deborah EUyson and winning 
her affections, in 1842, led her to the marriage 
altar. They began their domestic life in tlie Buck- 
eye State, but four years later came to the Terri- 
tory of Iowa, settling in Springdale Township, 
Cedar County. 

AUlujiigh a quiet and unostentatious mar., Jlr. 
Cattell had not long been a resident of Cedar 
County before its citizens became convinced of his 
worth anil ability, and in 1852, they tendered him 
the position of Clerk in the District Court, which 
he accepted and occupied for four years. In that 
oflice he gave further i)roof of his sterling worth 
by the manner in which he protected the interests 
of the count}-. One notable instance is worthy of 
mention. The people liad voted to take stock in 
in corporation form for tlie i)urpose of building 
and oiierntiug a railroad from I^yons to Iowa City, 
and had determined to issue liontis with which to 
pay for the stock. The county judge, without 
awaiting for the conditions upon which the bonds 
were voted, to be complied with, proceeded to issue 
thcui, but when they were presented to Mr. Cattell, 
as Clerk of the County Court, he refused to coun- 
tersign them. The men who expected to handle 
the bonds were very piofuse in promises as to what 
they were going to do after they got the obligation, 

but the Clerk insisted on [lerformances before hand, 
and from this position neither threats or cajolery 
could move him. Subsequent evenis proved that 
he had taken a correct stand for the bonds were 
subsequently issued, the money raised on them, 
turned over to the radroad-buildersand the county 
had to p,ay them eventually, but to this day the 
road remains unfinished. 

Upon retiring from the Clerk's office, Mr. Cattell 
was elected to the State Senate from Cedar County, 
which only a short time previous was made v. Sena- 
torial district. Many distinguished men were mem- 
bers of that body and he therelty came in contact 
with some of the strongest minds of the West. Al • 
most from the first he took rank as one of the inllu- 
ential members of the Assembly. He was a worker 
and not a speaker, but when he arose to express his 
views on any subject, his associates listened, for 
they knew that he would give utterance to some- 
thing worth hearing. The characteristics there 
displayed suggested to the minds of his colleagues 
the thought that he would ba a proper person to 
place at the head of the de[)artment of finance, and 
accordingly he was elected Auditor of Iowa in 
1858. In regard to his election the iStnti' Ueglstcr 
says: -Tt was a fortunate tiling for Iowa that a 
man of his Roman simplicity, Spartan courage and 
inficxible honesty, that rose above every tempta- 
tion, was in that |)osition at that particular time. It 
was during that period when lai-ge financial o|)era- 
tions offered corresponding oi)|)ortunlties by devi- 
ous ways for men so inclined to amass colossial for- 
tunes, and many were they who succumbed to (he 
temi)tation. Not so Mr. Cattell. With all the op- 
portunities the period alTordeil, amid all Ihe temp- 
tations of the time, he kept the even tenor of his 
honest ways." He introduced im|)rovenients into 
the manner of conducting the monetary tiansac- 
tious of the State, as well as in the s}-stcm of liof)l<- 
keeping, and up to the present there has been no 
decided change m.ade in those particulars, so well 
did he accomi)li..h the task. During his incum- 
bency, which covered nearly the entire period of 
the war, when the expenditures .were very heavy 
and the work greater than ever before, his duties 
were well, honestly. s}-slenialically and cautiously 
performed. Twice he was re-elected to the same 



office and was slioitly supported for a fourth term. 
After bis retirement Mr. Cattcll remained a resi- 
dent of Des Moines .ind for a short time was out of 
political life, but the following- antumn, 18G5, he 
was nominated by the Republicans of Polk County 
for tlieir representative in the State Senate. The 
nomination entirely unsolicited by him, in fact 
was a jiieat surprise. During his second term he 
was again a cotemporary of manj' of the ablest 
men of Iowa and .again he was pLaced as a leader 
before the people, not through his own wishes but 
because he was fitted for the position. His judg 
ment on any matter of special imitortance was al- 
ways sought and generall3' accepted for iiis 
conscientiousness and strict adherence to what he 
believed his duly made his opinion one of much 
value. Again he retired from public oflice, but in 
1885, he appointed by Gov. Slierman as Au- 
ditor of State, to fill out the term to which a Mr. 
Brown had been elected, but had failed to give 
the required bonds. The ability with which he con- 
ducted his affairs and his ready knowledge of the 
duties of the position after an absence from jiublic 
life for twenty years, were a surprise to those not 
intimate with him. His rulings upon doubtful 
points of law were never influenced by those cir- 
cumstances or effected by any extraneous consid- 
eration. His term of office expired in .January, 

Mr. Cattell held many minor positions during 
his long and useful life, including those connected 
with insurance comiianies. Aliout the close of his 
senatorial term or shortlj- sfterward, he becaine 
President of the State Insurance Company, which 
position he retained for some years, establishing 
firmly the company's business and its reputation 
for fair dealing. For many years and up to the 
time of his death, he was one of ihe man.aging 
board of the Northwestern Life Insurance Company 
and regularly .attended its quarterly meetings. 

After his death the executive board of the 
Northwestern Mutual Life Insurance Coinpany 
passed the following resolutions: 

liesolrpd, That by the death of the Hon. J. W. 
Cattell this board has lost onejof its most useful and 
worthy members, and the Compau}' one of its 
truest friends, one who has long stood in his own 

State as a worthy representative of the Company 
whose interest he has ever studied to promote. 

Rpsoloed, That these resolutions be upon 
the records of the Company and a certified copy be 
furnisheil to the family of our deceased associate. 
(Signed) O. P. Wakeman, 

J. H. Van Dyke, 
John' Lawlek. 

To the Board of Trustees of the Northwestern 
Mutual Life Insurance Company, of Milwaukee, 
Wis., 3-our committee appointed to prepare a min- 
ute relative to the death of our associate, Hon. J. 
W. Cattell, report for adoption the following: 

'■This Board having learned with deep .sorrow of 
the death c^f onr associate, Hon. J. W. Cattell, of 
Des Moines, Iowa, which occurred on the 2rjth of 
September last, would place on record our high ap- 
preciation of his character and worth, not only as 
a citizen nut one who in his official cap.acity in his 
own State had a reputation above reproach and was 
regardeil .as the embodiment of integrity- and up- 

"It is, however, in his relation to our Companj^ 
that we have come to know him best, and best ap- 
preciate his sterling worth. 

"Judge Cattell born .June 25, 1820, and was 
elected to the membership of this Board June 8 
1864, and held that position continously from that 
time to the time of his death. He served three 
years, viz: 1871, 187o and 1874. .as a member of 
the Examining Committee, for which duty he was 
admirably qualified and his suggestions were tinielv 
and wise. He has seldom been absent from the 
meetings of the Board during the twenty-three 
years of his connection with it." 

About 1881, Mr. Cattell removed to a faini 
which he owned in Delaware Towiisliip, and there 
resided until his death. On Friday-, September 23 
1887, he met with a serious accident in falling from 
a wagon, but none thought that the injuries would 
prove fatal. Indeed, the reports were rather en- 
couraging until Saturday afternoon, when his phy- 
sician announced that he could not live and death 
relieved his sufferings at 5:30 o'clock, Sunday 
morning, September 25. The news of his decease 
brought sorrow to many hearts outside the family 
circle and especially to the pioneers, upon whose 
sturdy shoulders the State has been lifted to its 
present [iroud position, for they felt that they had 
lost a noble helper as well as frien<l. Although he 
never acquired great wealth, he left behind hinj a 



far better iiilieritance, a clean reeori' and a spot- 
less name. 

Mr. Cattell was one of four brothers, the small- 
est of whom was six feet in height, while he and 
the two others were six feet four inehes. It is said 
that physically he greatly resembled Abraham Lin- 
coln, and his mental and moral characteristics were 
also nnicli the same. He leaves a widow and two 
adopted children to mourn his loss, one of whom. 
William IL H. Cunningham, is now a resident of 
the Territory of New Mexico. The other, Mrs. 
Edwin Grimes, with her husliand and children, re- 
sides with her adopted mother. 

Mrs. Cattell, no less than her distinguished hus- 
band, has attained some prominence as a leader in 
popular reform movements. Her whole life has 
been devoted to aiding the temperance cause, and 
her work and influence in that direction has liecn 
of inestimable value. In the Women's Suffrage 
movement she from the beginning took a leading 
part, becoming a champion for her sex, attending 
as a delegate State and National conventions. Dur- 
ing the war she was Chairman of the Sixth Ward 
(iJes Moines) Committee of the Sanitary Board 
and did ellicient work. 

^ — 


'Y/ OSEPH CAULII.E is the owner of a fine 
farm of one hundred and ninety-five acres, 
located on section 18, Bloomfield Township. 
The raapy improvements which have been 
made thereon, tiie well-tilled fields and the excel- 
lent grades of stock there raised, indicate the owner 
to Ijc a man of thrift and enterprise, and justly 
rank him among the leading agriculturists of the 
county. Mr. Carlile is of Irish birth, and is a son 
of Joseph an<l Maitha (Caronduff) Carlile, who 
were also natives of Ireland. l>y occupation the 
father was a farmer. He followed that Inisintss in 
pursuit of fortune in his native land until 184G, 
when, believing that he could better his condition 
by a removal to the New World, he emigrated to 
this country and located in Ohio. Some years later 
he became a resident of Minnesota, where he again 
engaged in farming until his death, which occurred 

in 1887. His wife died ere the family left their 
native land. Four sons and two daughters acconi- 
jxanied their father, namely: John, Joseph, Alex- 
ander, Robert, Margaret and Mary. 

Joseph Carlile, whose name heads this sketch, 
was born in 18.35, and when a lad of eleven years 
crossed the broad Atlantic to the land which was 
henceforth to be his home. Like a dutiful son he 
assisted his father until twenty-one years of age, 
when he started out in life for himself. He was first 
employed as a farm hand, by the month, in Ohio, 
where he worked until his marriage, which wascele- 
br.ated in 1857, Miss Catherine Mesmore becoming 
his wife. With his bride he then started for Min- 
nesota, where he engaged in farming for himself 
until 1868. In 1863 his wife died, and four years 
later he wedded Miss Matilda Mentzer. Having 
sold his farm in Minnesota, in 1868 he removed to 
Polk County, Iowa, and purchased one luindred 
acres of land on section 18, Bloomfield Township. 
With characteristic energy he began its develop- 
ment, and by subsequent purchase extended its 
boundaries until now one hundred and ninety- five 
acres pay tribute to his care and cultivation. He 
niaj- trulj' be called a self-made man. He had no 
capital or influential friends to aid him, but stej) by 
step vvorked his w.a}' upward, unassisted, save by 
his own energy and perseverance. He now ranks 
among the well-to-do farmers of the county, and 
his success is but a fitting reward for his nnceasin": 
activity. He has also given liberally of his means 
for the support of such enterprises as he believed 
would benefit the public. E<lucational, social and 
moral interests have found in him a warm advo- 
cate, and although not a member of any religious 
organization, he has aided in maintaining the church. 
His wife, a most estimable lady, belongs to the 
Methodist Church. In political sentiment he is a 

P'our children have been born of the union of 
Mr. and Mrs. Carlile, .and have lived to become 
useful men and women in the world: Jasper, the 
eldest, assists his father in the cultivation of the 
home farm; Elizabeth is the wife of Byron South, a 
resident farmer of Bloomfield Townshii); Mary is 
the wife of Oscar Baker, a farmer of the same town- 
shii); and George A. is engaged in merchandising 



in St. Cloud, Minn. This family is held in high 
regard in the social woild. During the twenty- 
two yeais of their residence in tlie community Mr. 
and Mrs. Carlile have made many warm friends, 
having by their upriglit lives gained the confidence 
and good wishes of those with whom they have 
come in contact. 

'SsOSr" •'^ 


— <-:;;03e-K' 

OL. JOHN N. DEWEY, deceased, was one 
^^ of Des Moines' most iiigiily esteemed and 
useful citizens. He was born in Hanover, 
N. H., February 3, 1814, and was a son of Jesse 
and Jane (Dow) Dewey. His father was a native 
of Springfield, Mass., born Mareli 30. 1774, and his 
mother was born in Coventry, Conn., on the 28th 
of December, 1773. In early life they emigrated 
to New Hampshire, where they were married and 
made their home for many long years, the father 
dying in Lebanon, that State, July 14, 1850. After 
his death, Mrs. Dewey removed to Sharon, Vt., 
where she was called iiomc July 4, 1863. Of their 
four children none are living. 

The Colonel was the last of the family to pass 
awav. As he was numbered among the leading- 
citizens of Polk County, it is with pleasure that we 
record this sketch, knowing that it will be received 
with interest by his many friends. His early edu- 
cation was acquired in the district schools and sup- 
plemented by two terms at Moore's Academ3^, which 
institution was located in his native town. It was 
originally intended for the education of the In- 
dians, but subsequently was used for the schooling 
of their superior white brethren. In 1839, lie went 
to Anne Arundel (bounty, Md., where he followed 
teaching for a term and then made his way north- 
ward to Newbury, Orange County, Vt. 

In that county on Christmas Da}' of 1845, the 
Colonel was united in marriage with Miss Iletta 
Johnson, who was born June 12, 1820, in Orange 
County, and was a daughter of Haines and Pha-be 
(Ilazeltine) Johnson, both of whom were natives 
of Newbury. \l. Her father owned a splendid 
farm on what is known as the Ox Bow of the Con- 

necticut River and ranked among the substantial 
citizens of that comminiitj'. Both he and his wife 
were mcmlrers of the Congregational Church and 
were alive to all its interests. Tlioir family num- 
bered sixteen children. 

In 1845, Col. Dewey turned his attention to 
civil engineering and for ten years was einploved 
by railroad companies in New England and New 
York, until in April, 1855, when he came to Ft. 
Des Moines, then but a village, and engaged in en- 
gineering, surveying and dealing in real estate. 
He followed the latter pursuit until his death and 
was remarkably successful. Being an able business 
man he was often called upon to transact business 
for his friends, the city and the State. A long list 
of oliices of honor and trust was accorded him, 
among which may be mentioned that of City En- 
gineer, City Treasurer, Alderman of his AVard, 
Alderman at large and President of the City Coun- 
cil. In 1861, the Legislature, convened in a called 
session, commissioned him Auditor of Blilitary 
Claims against the State on account of expenses 
incurred in arming, equipping, moving, clothing 
and subsisting troops raised for service in the Army 
of the United States, as well as for State defense. 
Arduous were his duties, but with such ability, dis- 
patch and fidelity were they performed that the 
State was saved many thousands of dollars. In 
1862, President Lincoln appointed Col. Dewey as 
Assessor of Internal Revenue for the Third Con- 
gressional District of Iowa, he being the first to fill 
that position. He also received tlie appointment 
from Secretary Stanton as Commissary of Subsist- 
ence, but was afterwards obliged to resign, as the 
discharge of his duties as auditor of military ac- 
counts kept him in the active employ of the State 
until after the close of the war. In I8G8, the Iowa 
Legislature made him State Agent at Washington, 
conferring full power upon him to settle and adjust 
all its claims against the United States for Hione3's 
expended in aiding to suppress the rebellion at the 
South, as well as in defense of the State from*In- 
dian and guerrilla raids made upon the northern 
and southern borders. In 1870, he was appointed 
a member of the Board of Capitol Commissioners 
for the location and construction of the ea|)itol at 
Des Moines, in which he took a very active inter- 



est. In 1876, he was made President of the Des 
Moines Gas Conipan}', and two years later was 
elected Alderman at-large to serve in the City 
Conncil. of which lie became President. In 1880, 
he was elected President of the Des Moines Water 
Works C'onii)any, the largest cor|ioration of the 
kind west of Cliicago. 

Col. Dewey was one of natnre's nohlemen. From 
all the trials and teinptalions of long pul)lic service 
he came forth with a character irreproachable. He 
was a strong believer in the principles of the I»e- 
publican party, and stood high in its councils. He 
was charitalile to the poor and gave liberally to 
churches and other worth}' enterprises. But it was 
in his home that his true life shone out. He jiassed 
away SeptemlieT 1), 188l», leaving a family to whicli 
he was supremely devoted, consisting of wife and 
four daughters: Jennie D., the eldest, is now the 
wife of II. A. GriOith, of Des Moines; Belle D. is 
the wife of John L. Carey; Bertha and Abbie are 
at home. Mrs. Dewey and two of her daughters 
are members of the Episcopal Church and the family 
stands high m the social world. As a business 
man, Col. Dewey was a marked success, having 
through his own efforts accumulated a large for- 
tune which ]ilaces his family above all want. 


Sl .SAAC B. DK FORREST, real-estate dealer of 
Des Moines, was born in Livonia, Livingston 

[1\ County, N. Y.. March 21, 1834. His paternal 
grandfather, also Isaac by name, emigrated from 
France in a early day and settled in the Mohawk 
Valley in New York, where he was married. After- 
ward they removed to Michigan, lieing among the 
fu'st settlers of Ann Arbor, where the husband 's 
still living at the advanced age of almost one hun- 
dred years. In early life he learni'd the trade of 
a carpenter and builder, whicli he followed many 
years, and his sons, three in number, also learned 
the same occu|iation. David, the eldest, who died 
a numlier of years ago, was an extensive lumber 
dealer of .A-nn Arbor; Antlrew, the wealthy banker 
of Ann Arbor, began his business career by pur- 
chasino; for $5 a pile of slabs which he used in 

erecting a house upon a lot which he subsequently 
bought. After completing it he tradeil tlie entire 
property for sugar, besides investing whatever 
mono}' and credit he had in the same product. 
Sugar rose to more than doulile the i>rice paid, and 
his speculation proved a profitable one. This is 
onlj' one of the many far-sighted deals that have 
made him one of the richest citizens of Ann Arbor. 
The other son, Benjamin, father of our snliject, 
was a contractor and builder and made a success of 
life in that line. He was a fine siiecimen of manhood, 
measuring six feet four in height and'weigliing two 
hundred and twenty' pounds. He accompanied his 
parents to Michigan, but returned to Livingston 
County, where he married Miss Lydia Fox, a na- 
tive of that county. Her father, Daniel Fox, was 
of English extraction and serveil as a cook in the 
Colonial army during the Revolutionary War. 
Some years after their mwriage Mr. De Forrest 
and his wife removed to Ann Ai'bor, but in 184C 
returned to New York, where he shortly afterward 
met with a fatal accident. While working on the 
court-house at Geneseo the third round from the top 
of a foiay-eight-foot ladder broke, letting him fall 
on the pavement below, his death resulting immedi- 
ately. His wife still lives in Rochester, N. Y. Of 
their four children, two sons and two daughters, 
only only one is now living, our subject. 

Isaac B. De Forrest was born on the same farm 
where his mother opened her eyes to the light of 
day, on the bank of the clear, winding Slohawk. 
After the death of his father he was bound out to 
farmer in the neighborhood, but becoming dissatis- 
fied he left at the end of three months, unknown to 
his employer or his mother, and proceeded along 
the toll road toward town. The farmer followed 
in hot pursuit, Init young's eyesight being 
the better of the two, he perceived the olil gentle- 
man in the distance, jumped a fence and hid. At 
the toll-gate the farmer described the boy to the 
keeper who replied that he thought such a lad had 
gone by. Mr. De Forrest, however, passed on 
through the gate, after his pursuer, and dined with 
a hospitable old farmer who assured him proteclinu 
and gave him advice. The next day he started for 
the AUeghan}' River, whore he spent the winter in 
making shingles, receiving one-half of those he 



niaiiufactured. After he had made sixty-thousand 
a raftsman i)roposed to take his half of them to 
Cincinnati and to give him §40 and a ticket to 
Buffalo if he would assist in propelling the raft. 
On his arrival in Buffalo he found that he had,|!200 
in casii, and with that capital in his pocket went 
to Rochester and I'ented and furnished a house for 
his mother and sister, unknown to them, whom he 
cared for until lie had a family of his ovvn depend- 
ent upon him for support. When about fourteen 
years of age he secured a position as bell hoy on 
the New York Central Railroad, but when that road 
consolidated vvith the Buffalo, Rociiester & Niagara 
Falls Railwa}' he quit the position and gave his at- 
tention to paper-hanging, which he followed suc- 
cpssfull\^ for a j-car, being an expert in that line. 
During that time lie was called to do work for the 
master mechanic of the Buffalo, Rochester & Niag- 
ara Falls Railroad, David Upton, who induced him 
to go into the company's shop and gave him the 
best possible chances, sending him out with a switch 
engine, giving him the management of the baggage 
car, making him conductor of the pay car and 
using him, in fact, wherever a capable, trusty man 
was needed. F''or some eight j-ears he was with that 
company, but spent a part of each j'ear at paper- 
hanging. He then went to work for the Kasson 
Locomotive Express Company, transporting and 
setting up engines, trip-hammers, etc. He shipped 
the first four-wheeled pony engine to Chicago, took 
the U. S. Grant engine to Louisville, Ky., trans- 
ported some forty engines to St. Joseph, Mo., for 
the Union Pacific Road, and during the war deliv- 
ered to the Louisville & Frankfort and the Nash- 
vill & Chattanooga Railroads. Altogether he served 
in that capacity eight 3'cars. 

At Buffalo, N. Y., April 7, 186G, Mr. De Forrest 
was united in marriage with Miss Louisa F. Brad- 
bury, who was born in Corinth, Orange County, 
Vt., and is a daughter of David and Louisa (Rich- 
ardson) Br.°dlniry, the former a native of Canaan, 
N. H., and the latter of Corinth, \'t. All of their 
ten children lived to mature years and were mar- 
ried. Avaline died in C(jiinlh, \'t., at the age of 
thirty-four years; Alvali died in ( )raiige,Vt.,in 18,S5; 
Franklin lives in Manchester, N. II.; Henry resides 
in Atiair County, Iowa; Converse died in East 

Orange, Vt., in 1867; Louisa Francelia, wife of our 
subject, is the next younger; Marietta makes her 
I home in Stannard, Vt.: Osman is a resident of 
Michigan; Romane is located in East Orange, \'t., 
and Loiva is a resident of Westfield, Mass. 

Soon after his marriage Mr. De Forrest located 
in Buffalo, N. Y., where he again engaged in paper- 
hanging for some time, but in March, 1870, in 
order that he might be far from the railroad busi- 
ness, where his services were constantly solicited, 
he came to Des Moines and for fifteen years had 
almost sole control of the paper busiiies of this 
city and acquired a handsome property. Since 
1885 he has been dealing in real estate, stock and 
merchandise, and is also doing a good business in 
that line. Although his success 1ms been nothing 
remarkable, bis prosperity has been of steady 
growth and he has accumulated a comfortable com- 
petency as the result of his own untiring industry. 
In politics Mr. De Forrest is independent. 

ri^)||RCIIlBALD K. STEWART, junior member 
of the law firm of Chamberlin ife Stewart 
which was formed in Jlay, 1883 and covers 
almost the entire period of his legal practice, has 
the honor of being a native c>f the Hawkeye State. 
He was born in Louisa County, April 26, 1859, 
and is a son of Archibald K. Stewart Sr., now a 
resident of Keota, Keokuk County, Mr, Stewart's 
ancestors emigrated to the American Colonies in an 
day and settled near Carlisle, Pa., and two of his 
great-great-grandfathers fought for the indepen- 
dence of their country in the Revolutionary War. 
The father was born in Beaver County, Pa., ISLarch 
23, 1820, but in 1835 accompanied his parents to 
Dearborn County, Ind., where he vedded, October 
16, 1841, Miss Mary A., daughter of Philip and 
Nancy Lawrence, a native of that county and a 
representative of one of the pioneer families in 
whose honor the city of L^wrenceburg was named. 
They lived in that county until 1856 when the}- 
sought a home in the W est and choosing Louisa 
County as their destination, became numbered 
among its honored [lioneers After a successful 



life as a farmer and stock-raiser Mr. Stevvart is now 
living a retired life iii Keota. His first wife, tlie 
inotlier of our subject died when Arcliibald K., Jr. 
was a lad of five years. Tlicy were tiie parents of 
eight children, four sons and four daughters, rind 
with the exce|)tion of one son, who died in infancy, 
all are yet living. Laviiia, the eldest is still at 
home; Jose|)h Warren is engaged in business in 
Keota; Eliza J., is the wife of Alpheus E. Erdice 
a merchant of Keota and the present Mayor of that 
town; Arthur E. is a partner of his brother Warren ; 
Mary A. is the wife of M. H. Huckaha,of St. Louis 
Mo; A. K. is the next j'ounger and Louie B. 
completes the family. Since the death of his first 
wife, Mr. Stewart again married and by that union 
has three children — Grace, Lee and Daisy. 

The early childhood da3's of our subject were 
spent upon a farm in Louisa County, hut in the 
fall of 1866 he moved with his father to a farm in 
Washington County, and in 1876 to the family 
home in Keota. He received his early education 
in the district schools of the neighborhood and in 
the years 1874-75-76 attended the Washington 
Academy and afterwards graduated at the Keota 
High School. The legal profession being his choice 
as a pursuit which he believed he could follow con- 
tentedly through life, he began making preparations 
for practice and was graduated from the Iowa State 
University in the class of 1879, the largest class 
that has ever graduated in the lower department of 
that school, numbering one hundred students. Mr. 
Stewart being under twenty-one years of ago at the 
time of his graduation could not therefore be 
admitted to the State Courts, but was ai, once ad- 
mitted to the United States Courts and in June 
1880 was admitted to the Supreme Court and all 
other courts of Iowa. On completing his law course, 
not bfing old enough to practice in the State Courts 
he engaged with his brothers in mercliandising in 
Keota, where he passed a somewhat brief but suc- 
cessful business career. However having fitted 
himself for the work in which he is now engaged 
he determined to pursue his profession and in 1883, 
as above stated, established himself in the practice 
of law in Des Moines. 

Mr. Stewart was marriedJune 18, 1885, to Miss 
Mary E. Van Winkle, of Keota, a native of St. 

Clair County 111., and the daughter of 
James and Martha Van Winkle. Their union has 
been blessed with one son, Lawrence ( )., Iiorn on the 
14th of November, 1887. Mr. makes his 
l)usiness a study and is rapidly gaining rank among 
the older practitioners at tha bar of Polk County. 
He is one of the organizers and directors of the 
Grand Avenue Savings Bank, and as an enterpris- 
ing and valued citizen stands high in the esteem of 
his associates both socially and professionally. He 
is well deserving of representation in the history of 
his adopted county and it is with pleasure that wo 
record this sketch. 

^ OEIN R. ROLLINS, for many years one of 
the representative business men of Des 
Moines, and an honored pioneer settler, dat- 
ing his residence in this city from April, 
1857, was born in Carroll County, formerly Staf- 
ford County, N. IL, in 1824, and is a son of Elisha 
Rollins, who was born in Maine, only a short dis- 
tance from the New Hampshire line and removed 
to the Granite State in an early day. Tlie family 
is of Scotch- Irish origin and the ancestry can he 
traced back to 139i>. The progenitor of the family 
in America, James Rollins, came to this countiy in 
1632, settling in Ipwich, Mass., whence he removed 
to Dover, in the same State. 

Elisha Rollins, on attaining to mature years, 
wedded Prudence Lord and tliey continued to re- 
side in New Hampshire until caller! from this life. 
They were parents of two children who gvew to 
mature years — John R. and Mrs. Olive Brown, who 
resides on the old homestead. Their lirst-born, a 
son, died ere the birth of our subject. 

John R. Rollins grew to manhood in his native 
Slate, acquiring a good English education in Wake- 
fich1 Academy. At the age of eighteen years he 
liegan teaching and followed that oc-cupation for 
some time. It was with the hope of bettering his 
financial condition that in 1857, he bade good-bye 
to his native Slate and emigrated to Iowa. As be- 
fore stated he took up his residence in Des Moines, 
where he embarked in teaching and in 1857 and 



1858 wasSiiperinteiuleiil vf the cit3'scliouls. lii IM08 
be engaged in the wliolesale and retail grocery trade 
under the firm name of A. W. Rollins & Co.; sev- 
eral years later he became sole owner of the 'busi- 
ness and four years later, or in the fall of 1865, 
sold out to D. D. & W. W. Skinner. 

That same autumn, Mr. Rollins was united in 
marriage with .Sarah E., daughter of Richard Rol- 
lins of this city and soon afterward returned with 
his bride to New Hampshire, but after remaining in 
the old Granite State for two j'cars, again came to 
Des Moines and purchased from Messrs. Skinner, 
the business which he had formerly sold tiiem. For 
some time afterward lie carried on operations as a 
member of the firm of Rollins ife McClelland, his 
partner being one of the early settlers of Des 
Moines. They did a good business and prosiiority 
seemed attendant upon their efforts but in 1872, 
misfortune overtook them, tiieir store with its en- 
tire contents, which was whollj' uninsured, being 
destroyed liy fire. The loss on the stock was not 
less then $15,000. With characteristic energy, 
however, the firm resumed business on Court Ave- 
nue and soon afterward Mr. Rollins ijurehased his 
partner's interest, continuing operations alone until 
the autumn of 1878, when he closed out his grocery 
stock and retired from the business. Either when 
alone or as a meniljer of the firm he did not devote 
his entire attention to the grocery trade but in- 
cluded other branches of business industry. For 
several years the firm was numbered among the 
princii>al pork packers of the city and their busi- 
ness as a wiiole was one of the largest in Des 
Moines. After retiring from mercantile pursuits 
our subject was engaged with the State Insurance 
Company as adjuster and special agent for a time, 
but since 1884, has practically lived a retired life. 
For many j'cars he was one of the successful busi- 
ness men of the city and aside from the enterprise 
above mentioned was connected with other impor- 
tant interests. He was one of the organizers of the 
Citizens' Bank of Des Moines and has been a Di- 
rector of that institution continuously since its 
establishment. He was also one of the organizers 
of the State Savings bank, of which he is a director 
and .stdck-holder. and in fact has been prominently 
identiQed with the banking interests of the city for 

many years. He is also a Director of the Iowa Pipe 
and Tile Company, and indeed is inseparably con- 
nected wiih the business history of the capital 
city. He has never sought official honors but for 
eight years was a member of the City Council of 
Des Moines, where he disi)la3'ed the same abilitv 
and fidelity to every trust reposed in him as else- 
where in his public and private career. Those who 
are acquainted with Mr. Rollins esteem him highly 
as an upright, honorable business man and pro- 
gressive citizen, worthy of the respect and confi- 
dence of all. 

By the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Rollins two 
children were born, a son and daughter. The former, 
Dick, born February 4. 1872, is their only surviv- 
ing child. May, who was born October 14, 18G9, 
died of typhoid fever on the Cth of November, 
1888. She was a most amiable and worthy young 
lady and her early death was a sad alHiction tC) her 
parents and friends. 



ON C. BRAINARD, one of the leading 
ij joung attorneys of Des Moines, who, since 
|L^ March, 1883, has engaged in practice in 
this city, was born in Exeter Center, 
Otsego County, N. Y., in 1860 and there the 
early days of his boyhood were passed. When 
he was a lad of nine years, his father, M. S. Brain- 
ard, removed with his family from Exeter Center 
to Richfield Springs in the same county, where our 
subject aitended school for about two years, after 
whicOi he pursued a three years' course of study in 
Whitetown Seminary near I'tiea, N. Y., to which 
place the family removed in 1878. Leaving home 
two j'cars later, in the spring of 1880, Don ISrainard 
removed to Danville, Ind., where he attended a 
normal college for about six months, going from 
thence to Pullman. 111., where he embarked upon a 
business career ns an employe in the cabinet de- 
partment of the car shops of that place. While 
thus engaged he also began the study of law, having 
decided to qualify himself for the legal profession. 
On leaving Pullman, he engaged in teaching at 
Gray's Lake, near Waukegan, III., but after one 

r^if '1. . 

.- er~ 




teiin tlius spent, lie came to Iowa, locating in 
Lawler, Chickasaw County. After a few months, 
however, he enterefl the law office of Ainsworth 
& Ilebsonat West Union, where he reniainel a year, 
when in February, 1883, he was admitted to tlio 
bar and immediately came to Des Moines. For a 
year he acted as attorney for the State Insurance 
Company, since which time lie has been engaged in 
general practice, doing a good business for one of 
his 3-ears. 

Mr. Brainard is the youngest of five brotln rs 
and the only one of the number living in the West. 
His father is now deceased but the other niemliers 
of the family are still residents of the Empire 
State. The oldest of the brothers is Lavega M. ; 
r>radner N. is engaged in manufacturing in New 
York; Luciaii L. is a pliysician c>f Little Falls, 
N. Y. ; and Edward D. resides on the old home- 
stead farm nearUtica. There vvere also two sisters 
in the famil}', but one is now deceased. 

Mr. IJrainnrd, wliose name heads this notice, is a 
gentleman of excellent attainments, a good lawyer, 
and a progressive, enterprising citizen whom we 
arc pleased to mention in tliis volume. 


jlj nent among the names of distinguished mem- 
bers of the Iowa bar must be placed that of 
f'<^^ the gentleman of whom the following bio- 
graphical sketch is here presented. .Tndge Cole, 
late Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Iowa, 
was born in Oxford, Chenango County, N. Y., on 
the 4tli June, 1821, and is a son of Samuel and 
Alee (I'ullman) Cole. His father was a farmer 
liy occupation, and was descended from one of the 
earliest New England families. The American 
founder was John Cole, vvho was born in England 
in 1C70, and soon after the beginning of the eight- 
eenth centuiy came, with his family, to America, 
settling in Rehoboth, now Sccunk, R. I. From him 
the genealogy is traced as follows: His son, John 
Cole, Jr., who was born in England in ITO.^i, ac- 
companied his i)areiils to America in childhood, 
lie was tvvice mariied. his second wife being iNIary 

Bowen, by whom he had six children. One of 
the number, Thomas Cole, was born in ^'olua- 
town, now Sterling. Conn., on the 25th of August, 
1735. He was married to Miriam Kinne, who 
was born in Sterling, Conn., in 1737. They lived 
together nearly seventy years, the husband dying 
October 25, 1827, in Oxford, Chenango County, 
N. Y,, and his wife dc[)arting this life two months 
later. They had ten children, nine of whom mar- 
ried, and had families. 

At the time of his death, Thomas Cole left one 
hundred and fifty living descendants — five chil- 
dren, fifty-eight grandchildren, eighth-two great- 
grandchildren and five great-great-grandchildren. 
The following, regarding Thomas Cole, aiipeared 
in the Chenango lieiniblican, November 27, 1827: 
"His days were industriously spent in the pursuits 
of agriculture. He was exemplary in his morals 
and just in his dealings. The wear of time had so 
enfeebled his nerves that he was confined to his 
bed nine days before his death, and we may with 
propriety quote the words of the poet as ap|ilicable 
to him — 

•Of no distemper, of no blast he died. 
But fell like autumn fruit that mellowed long; 
E'en wondered at because he falls no sooner. 
Fate seemed to wind hira up to four-score years, 
Yet freshly ran he on twelve winters more. 
Till, like a clock worn out with beating time, 
The wheels of weary life stood still.' " 

Samuel Cole, seventh son of Thomas and Aliriam 
Cole, was born in Sterling, Conn., July 23, 1775. 
His wife was Alee Pullman, a native of West 
Greenwich, Conn., born Juiu^ 22, 1783. They were 
married December 20, 1 71)8, and were the parents 
of eleven children, ten of whom lived to rear 
families. The father died in Oxford, N. Y., No- 
vember 8, 1832, and his wife died in Empire, III., 
Jaiiuai'y 21, 1858. Chester C. Cole, the subject of 
this sketch, was their youngest child. Ho wis pre- 
pared for college at Oxford Academy, and when 
eighteen ^ears of age was to have entered the 
junior class of Union College, but protracted ill- 
health prevented, and at the age of twenty-twu he 
entered the law school of Harvard rniversily, then 
]iresi(h'd over by the ablest legal instructors in the 
countiy. After a two-years' course, he was gradu- 
ated in the class of '48. Immediately after com- 



pleting bis course in tlie law scliool, .liiilt;o Cole 
went to Fninkfort, K}'., where foi- a short time he 
was in charge of the legislative ileiiartmont of the 
Fianlifort Coinmoiiircallh, a daily paper of that 
city. IJe then located in Clarion, Crittenden 
County, Ky.. where he was admitted to the bai 
and establisiiod himself in i)i'actice. The succeed- 
ing nine years were spent by him in active profes- 
sional work in Marion, and with marked success. 
From that start he had won a leading place among 
ills brethren of the legal profession, and was re- 
tained, on one side or the other, on ever}- import- 
ant case that came into court. He distinguished 
himself especially as a criminal lawyer, and made 
an enviable record. During those nine years of 
[iractice it is said of him that he was retail. eil in 
nearly every important criminal case tried in that 
court, and that he cleared every client he defended, 
and convicted tlie only two that he prosecuted. 
His reputation as a successful lawyer led to his 
being employed on important cases in the neigh- 
boring States. His career was all the more credilal)le 
to iiim for tiie reason that he, as a young practitioner, 
had to f'ontend with some of the best legal talent 
of a State noted for its able lawyers. Among his 
competitors were L. W. Powell, Archibald Dixon, 
Samuel A. Kingman. Robert A. Patterson, George 
W. Barber and H. C. Burnett, all of whom have 
since iield high positions in the State and Federal 

In May, 1S.')7, .ludge Cole came to Des Moines, 
where he has since resided, being one of the oldest 
surviving lawyers of this city. On locating here, 
he was at once accredited the leading position in 
the Iowa bar, to which his rare al)ility and high 
reputation justly entitle him. AVlien the late war 
liroke out, he was among tli'e first to take a decided 
stand in support of the Government and in de- 
fense of the Union, and to aid bj' his elociuence in 
tlie enlistment of men and in the development of 
patriotic sentiment in the hearts of the people. His 
political career began in 185'.l, when he was de- 
feated as the Democratic candidate for -Judge of 
the Sui)reme Court. In 18G0 he was the candidate 
of the same party for Congress, but the district 
being strongly Republican, he was again defeated 
after a brilliant canvass on his part, by his oppo- 

iHiit, Gen. Curtis. Judge Cole continued to act 
with the Democracy until after the convention in 
1861, since which time he has been a stanch sup- 
porter of Republican principles. In February, 
1864, he was appointed one of the judges of the 
Supreme Court of Iowa, and the following fall 
was elected to tlie same olHce by the unprecedented 
mnjority of forty thousand votes, and was re- 
elected, in 1870, by an equally flattering vote. In 
1865 he became associated with .Judge George G. 
Wright, formerly Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court of Iowa, in the organization of a law school 
of Des Moines, which subsequently became the law 
department of the State Universit)'. Man}' of the 
leailing members of the present Iowa bar received 
instructions from the subject of this sketch. In 
1869 Judge Cole became Chief Justice of Iowa, 
and was re-elected for the succeeding term, but 
resigned the olHce on the 19th of .lanuary, 1876, 
and resumed the practice of his ijrofession. In 
speaking of the career of Judge Cole on the bench 
and his qualifications as a jurist, we quote an ex- 
tract from a biographical sketch of him wdiich was 
published in -'Andreas' Historical Atlas of Iowa," 
of 1874: ''Associated during his judicial experience 
with the ablest minds which the State has produced, 
with Wright, Dillon and Lowe, with Beck, Miller 
and Day, called to the consideration of legal ques- 
tions, a large part of which were without prece- 
dent in the reports of the State, particularl}- those 
relating to the taxing power and to the relation of 
corpoiations to the whole body corporate, Judge 
Cole has been the peer of the ablest of his judicial 
associates. With resiiect to the subjects to which 
we have adverted, and which, during this period, 
have been matters of absorbing interest, the de- 
cisions of the court have been plainly and indel- 
ibly stamped with the stamp of his conviction. The 
Ijositions which he assumed in the early history of 
this time, particularly with reference to corporate 
rights, have come to be the settled faith (;f the [lub- 
lic mind. His judicial work has lieen distinguished 
for a display of the highest qualities which are de- 
manded by the bench. Of remarkable quickness 
and correctness of apprehension, he always deals 
directly with the point at issue; of great discrimi- 
nation ill the selection of analogies, he illustrates 



his u|jinions vvith few, but apt, citations of author- 
ities; fortunate in his early legal training, and 
still more fortunate in the possession of an untir- 
ing industry, which lias never given him resi>ite 
from study, he has infused into his decisions, and 
tlius into the local monuments of tiie State, the 
spirit witli which he has heeii imbued from a life- 
long intercourse with tlie highest sources of the 
law. To these qualities he has brought a single- 
ness of intellectual purpose which has always kept 
him from discursive argument and reasoning, and 
a courage of conviction by which he has announced 
the law boldly and fearlessh', regardless of per- 
sonal consequences or present approval. As a 
judicial writer, he has eloquence, clearness and 
force. Some of his opinions, while always reaching 
to everj- point in issue, have the characteristics of 
scholarly essa3's upon legal topics. At the same 
time, while his elegance of diction and readiness 
of expression might expose him to the danger of 
intellectual display, liis opinions alwa3s bear the 
evident purpose of casting upon tlie mind of tlie 
reader the same light wliieli is shining in his own. 
'I'his paramount and single object is ahvays in 
view, to illustrate clearly and logically his own 
earnest and honest convictions. To one other char- 
acteristic his reputation stands not a little indebted. 
While always a lawyer and jurist, his inspiration has 
not been drawn alone from the studj' of authorities, 
or guided by the formulas of the books. Of large 
sympathies and a thorough practical knowledge, 
lie has never lost sight of the human and ethical 
side of the law in his devotion to the maxioms of 
the past. With him a decision must ahvays be 
grounded in the law, but that could not be law 
wiiieh dill violence to equity or resulted in" incon- 
venience or wrong to great masses of the commu- 

For many years Judge Cole was editor of the 
Westf^ni Jtiriiit, a |)eriodical published in Des 
Moines, and conducted witii marked abilil3'. He 
was also editor of the edition of the Iowa Law Re- 
ports, in 1879. which he had liberall3- annotated, 
and which exhiliits his great legal acumen and ex- 
haustive researcii 

On the ■24tli of .lune, 1848. Judge Cole was 
uuiiid in marriage with Miss Amanda M. Bennett, 

an associate of liis youth. She is a daughter of 
P^gbeit Bennett, and was born in Cortland Count3', 
X. Y. Her family is one of tiie oldest in that 
State. Her mother, whose maiden was Bogardus, 
belonged to the family so largel3' interested in an 
extensive property now in chancer3'. Judge and 
Mrs. Cole are the parents of five children, two sons 
and three daughters — Will W., the eldest, married 
Miss Frances Chapin and is engaged in the lumber 
business on the Columbia River, in Oregon ; Alice 
(iertrude is the wife of A. C. Atherton, of Lewis- 
ton, Fulton Count3-, 111., who is the general super- 
intendent of an Illinois railroad: Mar3' Eugenie is 
the wife of IJ. C. McMartin, a law3'er of this city; 
Frank 1?., who married Ella Jenkins and makes his 
home in Des Moines, is employed as an engineer 
by the Chicago, St. Paul & Kansas City Railroad 
Company; Carrie Stone, the youngest, is the wife 
of J. R. Ilurlbut, of the firm of Hurlbut, Hess & 
Co.. wholesale druggists, of Des Moines. 

While Judge Cole has spent forty-two years in 
the active practice of his profession and in service 
on the bench of the Su()reme Court, he is still in 
the legal harness and working as industriousl3' as 
in his earlier days before he had won the reputa- 
tion of being one of the ablest and brightest law- 
yers in the .State. 

— =3"»- 


I AMES CAMPBELL, M. D., a pioneer phy- 
sician of Polk County, dating his residence 
from 184C, is novv one of the leading prac- 
titioners of Des Moines. He was born near 
Gallipulis, in Gallia County, Ohio, July 11, 1815, 
and is a son of John and Mar3' (Knight) Campbell, 
the former born in Virginia of Scottish ancestors, 
while his mother was a native of North Carolina. 

The early life of our subject passed uneventfully. 
His boyhood da3-s were spent in his natire State, 
and his education acquired in the common schools. 
He made a t;ip to Iowa Territor3^ on in 
1839, and settled first in Van Biiren County, 
whence he came to Ft. Des M(jines in 184G. 
Shortly after his arrival he engaged in merchan- 



dising ill the old guard liouse, but cuiitiiiiied in 
that business onlj' a short time, when, having pre- 
viously pursued the study of medicine, lie estab- 
lislied iiimself in practice, being the second phj-si- 
cian in the place. His predecessor was Dr. T. K. 
Brooks. The capital city is much indebted to him 
for the active part which he hiis taken in her up- 
building and the promotion of her leading inter- 
ests, lie laid out the part of Des Moines known 
as Campbell and McMuUen's Addition and was 
actively identified with the early history of Polk 

On the 8th of July, 1841, in Van Buren County, 
Dr. Campbell was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Calista Hill, a daughter of John Hill, and a native 
of Mansfield, Ohio. Tho^^ hsvve four sons and four 
daughters, as follows: Milton, who is a practicing 
physician of Chillicothe, Mo.; Emiline, wife of 
Robert Hathaway, of Santa Rosa, Cal. ; George, 
who died in childhood; Mary J., who died at the 
age of twenty years; John, a iiraclicing physician 
of Des Moines; Sarah, wife of John Bird of this 
eity; and Albert, who married Abbie Persley and 
is a resident of Des Moines. The mother of this 
family was called to her final i"est June 18, 1858, 
and five years later, on the 22d of July, 1863, the 
Doctor was again married, his second wife being 
Miss Barbara Keltz, who was born in Zanesville, 
Ohio. They have one child, a daughter, Ida, who 
is now th^ wife of James Deakin, of Des Moines. 

Dr. Campbell is a supporter of the Democratic 
party and was the second County Treasurer and 
Recorder of Polk (bounty, and bought the first 
bound t)Ook used in those olHces. When he was 
elected tiic county had no established oltice and no 
supiilics. At that time in its history, the Des 
Rloines River was for good sized steam- 
boats and the Doctor says he witnessed the passage 
of tlie first boat, the "Dove," ui) the river in the fall 
of 1840, and has since seen five such boats that 
had come up from the Mississippi, lying near the 
mouth of the Coon. That was in 1851 and the 
place was then known as Racoon Forks. The Doctor 
claims the honor of being the second oldest sur- 
viving settler of Ft. Des JNIoines still residing in 
the city, his professional predecessor enjoying the 
distinction of being th" first. Fifty-one years 

have passed since Dr. Campbell first settled in the 
Territory of Iowa and the snows of fort\'-four 
winters have fallen upon his head since he became 
a resident of Des Moines. He has been a witness 
of the wonderful growth of the present magnifi- 
cent capital city of fifty thousand iniiabitants, 
which has taken the place of the little frontier 
hamlet of Racoon Forks with its log cabins and 
other rude evidences of an embryonic civilization. 
That he bore a more or less conspicuous part in 
many of the wild scenes of those early times is 
well remembered by his few remaining comrades of 
the days of long ago. 

.-aJPjB^— .5^ 

ENRY COX, M. D., for many years a 
fi )Yl prominent physician and surgeon of Des 
Moines. He was a native of Ohio, born in 
•^ Butler County, September 21, 1821, and a 
son of a Methodist clergj'man. When he was a 
child of about five years his parents removed to 
Indiana, where they died not long afterward, thus 
leaving Henry an orplian at a tender age. He re- 
turned to his native State but after three years 
again went to Indiana. His literary education 
acquired in the common schools but he was studious 
and being a great reader, throughout life kept him- 
self well-informed on the leading issues of the d.ay 
and was an intelligent conversationalist. When 
but a youth he determined to educate himself for 
the medical profession and bent all his energies to 
the attainment of that object. In 1849, soon after 
the discoveiy of gold on the Pacific coast, with the 
hope of rapidly acquiring a competence, he crossed 
the plains to California, where he remained about 
two years. On his return he resumed his prepara- 
tions for the profession which he had chosen and 
graduated from the Ohio Medical College of Cin- 
cinnati, in 1853. Soon after he located in Danville, 
Ind.. where he successfullj' practiced his jnofession 
for many years. His health finally failing from 
overwork, he resolved to seek a home elsewhere 
and in ISdi), came to Des Moines, where he en- 
gaged In the wholesale drug business as a member 



of the firm of Russell & Cox. He was quite suc- 
cessful for a time and dispLayeil much ability in 
the management of his business, but adverse cir- 
cumstances, over which lie had no control, resulted 
in financial loss and in consequence he resumed his 
professional labors in lS7;i. A liberal patronage 
rewarded his efforts and he was regarded as one of 
the leading physicians of the cit3'. He died on the 
1st of February, 1888, a respected and honored 

On the 1.5th of October, 184G, Dr. Cox was uni- 
ted in marriage in Higliland County, Ohio, to Miss 
Catiierine H. Beaty, who survives her husband and 
is still a resident of Des Moines. By their union 
were born six children, one of whom, Frank E., 
died in early life. Mary I., the eldest, is the wife 
of Dr. J. W. Adams of this city; Eliza is the wife 
of W. F. Mitchell, of Des Moines; .lames E., the 
eldest son, was born in Indiana in 1855, but has 
made his home in Des Moines since 1866, when he 
accompanied his parents to this city. He married 
Miss Louise Hunter, a native of Illinois. He is 
one of the drug merchants of Des Moines, being 
the principal partner in the firm of J. E. Cox & Co. 

The death of Dr. Cox proved a loss to profes- 
sional and social circles as well as to his immediate 
family. He was a well-educated man and possessed 
much more than average ability. He was related 
to the well-known statesman, 8. S. Cox, and the 
family has produced a numljer of men of note. 
Active, energetic and upright in all his business 
transactions, he won tlie confidence and esteem of 
all with whom he came in contact and left at deatli 
a character well worthy of emulation. 

<| l>)ILLIS B. PORTER, of the real-estate firm 
\sJi *"'*' *"'^^^ *' -^'orter, is a native of Iowa. He 
W^ was born in Lee County, June 23. 1859, 
and is a son of John Porter, a native of Ohio, who 
in early manhood emigrated to Iowa, and located 
in Lee County. For a companion in life he chose 
Miss Rachel S. BrancL who was born in what is now 
West Virginia, and came to Iowa in 1840, during 
its territorial days. Having ftiUuwed the occupa- 

tion of farming until 1861,, John Porter then re- 
moved to Des Moines, and in April of the following 
year responded to his country's call for troops by 
enlisting as a private in the Twenty-third Iowa 
Infantry. He served two years and eight months 
and participated in a nuralier of hotly contested 
engagements. At the battle of Milliken's Bend he 
lost his right thumb. Soon after his return from 
the war he went to work in the press room of the 
Regislcr office and within a short time arose to be 
foreman, a position he has held continuously since. 
Politically he is a stanch supporter of Republican 
principles and both he and his wife are members of 
the Methodist Church. The family consisted of 
seven children, of whom five, four sons and a 
daughter are yet living. It is remarkable that so 
many of the family should iiave been so long con- 
nected with the licgistpr. Willis B. has been iden- 
tified with that paper twenty-three j'ears; Addison 
S. for twenty years, the last decade being press- 
man; and John L. for nineteen years, being jiow 
at the head of the mailing department. 

When our subject was eight years of age he 
began selling papers for the Register and his faith- 
fulness and trusted service soon won him promo- 
tion. After a time he began working in the mailing 
department and finally entered the press room, 
where he has been emplo3'ed continuously since, 
though in the past few years he has devoted him- 
self more especially to dealing in real estate. He 
has, since his seventeenth j'ear been handling Des 
Moines property in a small way and in May, 1887, 
formed a partnership with Farren Case. The firm 
is now doing a good business and is recognized as 
one of the leading real-estate corporations in the 
city. Mr. Porter aided in platting Williamson 
Place and Case's addition to Des Moines and in 
many other ways has been instrumental in promo- 
ting the interests of the city. 

On tlie 6th of Seittember, 1877, Mr. Porter led 
to the mari-iage aUar Miss Clara Rich, a native of 
Des Moines and a daughter of Harry II. Rich. They 
have now become parents of four children, as fol- 
lows: Willis B., Jessie G., Ross M. and Richard 
Clarkson, all of whom were born in this city and 
arc still at lujmc. In political sentiment Mr. Porter 
is a Reiniblican. Iln^iug supported that jiarty since 



attaining liis majority. He takes great interest in 
its success and welfare anrl has served as delegate 
to the county conventions, where he has been an 
important member. He keeps himself well in- 
formed on all the leading issues of the day, whether 
political or otherwise and from his boyhood up has 
been regarded as a worthy citizen. Certainly he 
deserves great credit for his perseverance and well- 
directed efforts. Though he began life as a news- 
boy, his ambition would not allow him to be 
content with that humble position and working his 
way upward he is now recognized as a leading 
business man, and is the owner of valuable city 

rRij OLLIN E. HARRIS, President and manager 
*^-4r of the JMahaska Coal Company, and mana- 
ger and secretary of the Marion Coal Com- 
1^. pany, is a native of Beloic, Wis., of English 
descent. He was born on the 8lh of December, 
1850. and is a son of Daniel and .Teruslia (Hodges) 
Harris. His parents, both of whom were natives 
of New York, emigrated from that Stale to the 
West in 1835, settling in Chicago, 111., where at 
that time choice lots could be had "for a song," 
The following year they took up their residence in 
Beloit, Wis., where for some time Mr. Harris 
worked at his trade of carpentering and for many 
j'cars ran a planing mill. They have since returned 
to the East and are now living in Pennsylvania, at 
the ages of seventy-three and seventy- two years, 
respectively. They are consistent members of the 
Baptist Church, and in political sentiment Mr. 
Harris is a Republican. 

There are only two children in the family to 
which our subject belongs. The bojhood days of 
Rollin E. were spent under the [jarental roof and 
in the i)ublic schools he received his education, 
completing his course of study in the (^uincy High 
School of (^uincy. III. Having lilted himself for 
business, when twenty-one years of age ho secured 
a position as assistant book keeper in a wholesale 
house, where he remained five years, but his duties 
were very arduous and f;iiling health at length 
comi)ellc<l him to seek employment elsewhere. For 

seven years he was engaged as salesman with the 
Standard Oil Company' of Chicago, and the suc- 
ceeding two years of his life were spent as book- 
keeper for the Northwestern Fuel Company of St. 
Paul, Minn. He was then employed in Angus, 
Iowa, b}' the Climax Coal Company, and in 1885 
became manager of the Mahaska Coal Company at 
Des Moines. His residence in Des Moines dates 
from 1886. In 1889 he formed the Marion Coal 
Company, of which he is now manager and secre- 
tary. The Mahaska Companj- has its mines at 
Fishville, Mahaska County ,the capacity being about 
one hundred thousand tons per year, and owns and 
has under lease five hundred and twenty acres of 
land. The mines of the Marion Coal Company, 
which have a daily capacity of six hundred tons, 
are located near Otley, Marion County, and the 
field embr.aces one hundred and twenty-one acres. 

In (Juincy, 111., Mr. Harris wedded Miss Minnie 
Montgomery, a native of New York, the marriage 
taking place in April, 1874. They now have an 
interesting family of five children — Kate Mont- 
gomery, Russell, Eugene, Marguerite. 

As a business man Mr. Harris has been (pute 
successful, having made what he has by his own ef- 
forts. He owns considerable shares in both the 
Mahaska and Marion Coal Companies. He furn- 
ishes to the iiublic a splendid locomotive coal, one 
that produces a great amount of heat to the ton 
and finds a ready sale in the market. Under his 
able management the companies have one of the 
extensive businesses in the city. In political senti- 
ment Mr. Harris is a Republican and is a worthy 
and valued citizen who ranks as high in the social 
world as he does in business circles. 

s RS. A. W. it M.L. DUN LAP, eclectic physi- 
'^ cians, constitute one of the leading medical 
firms of Des Moines. The senior partner, 
Asbury W. Dunla]), was born in Hunting- 
don County, Pa.. September 16, 1852, and is a son 
of Samuel and Rachel (Woomer) Duidap, both of 
whcini were natives of the Keystone State. He 
l)asscd his early life in his native county, attended 



school until sixteen years of age, and then in 1868 
caine to Iowa with his parents, lualving- his liome 
witli tiicni in Poweshiel? County. His father is of 
iScotcli origin and Ins motlier of (lernian descent. 
They are both living anil are still residents of Pow- 
tsiiiek County. 

Dr. Dunlai) attained to ninture years in that 
county and, having arrived at man's estate, De- 
cember 20, 1870, wedded Miss Mary L. Blood, 
who is now Dr. M. L. Dnnlap. engaged in practice 
with her husband. She is a native of Adrian, Mich., 
and a daughter of Leonard P. and Lucinda (Will- 
iams) lilood. She came to Iowa with her parents 
in. 1871, and made her home in Poweshiek County, 
where, as before stated, she was married, De(-ember 
■M, 1870. ' 

Dr. A. W. Dunlap received his medical education 
in the Iowa Medical College, of Des Moines and wr.s 
graduateil in the class of March, 188;t, since which 
time he has been in practice in this city. After his 
marri.age. however, he resided in Poweshiek County, 
until 1882, when with his wife he came to Des 
Moines where they have since made their home. 
They have one child, a son, Wallace Asbur\-, born 
in Poweshiek County, .Inly 21, 1878. The mother 
pursued her medical studies in Drake Lniversity, 
graduating in the class of 1887, and subsequently 
took a course of study in the Iowa Eclectic Medi- 
cal College of this citj', from which she received 
tlie degree of M. D. in xVpril, 1888. Both husband 
and wife possess a thorough knowledge of the pro- 
fession to which they devote their energies and by 
laboring ( onjointly their efforts are much more 
effective. They are members of the Piimitivc 
Methodist Church and are held in high regard liy 
all who know them. 



OIIN TROSTEL is one of the well-known 
business men of Des Moines, having been 
identified with the interests of the city since 
1869. He was born in Wurtemberg,Germany, 
on the luth of June, 1843, and is one of si.K chil- 
dren, four sons and two daughters. His father was 
George M. Trostel, also a native of Germany, in 

which] country he spent his entire life. A record 
of the children is as follows: Ernst, the eldest son 
is still a resident of his native land; Albert was 
the first of the fainily to come to the United States 
and is now extensively engaged in the tanning 
business in Milwaukee and ranks among the prom- 
inent and intluontial citizens of that place; Philip, 
the third child remains with his brother in Germany. 
The sisters are Mrs. Dora Shurr and Mrs. Sophia 

.John Trostel, our sul)ject. is the youngest of the 
foui- brothers. In his youth he learned the trade 
of a butcher but as no favorable opportunitj' pre- 
sented itself for eng.aging in business he determined 
to come to America, believing better advantages 
were afforded young men than in the older coun- 
tries across the water. It was in 1863, when about 
twenty years of age, he sailed to the United States. 
On reaching this country he at once went to Mil- 
waukee, where his brother was living and remained 
in tliat city for about three years. He afterwards 
resided for a time in Waukesha. Wis., and in Mad- 
ison, the capital of the State, but in 18G9 sought a 
home in Des Moines. Shortly after his ai rival in 
this city he engaged to work for .lohn Duff, with 
whom he continued about six months and then en- 
tered the employ of August Schlosser, but after a 
short time he embarked in business for himself as 
a partner of Fred Roth on Third Street, opening 
their establishment to the public January 22, 1864. 
About six months later they removed to Walnut 
Street, where they continued until 1871, when they 
suffered a heavy loss by fire. However, with char- 
acteristic energy, Mr. Trostel began preparations 
for the renewal of his business and in the same 
year formed a partnership with Gotlieb Hutten- 
locker, with whom he continued about ten years. 
In 187-3, the firm erected a fine building on Walnut 
Street, now occupied by Kahler & Co. After sev- 
eral years Mr. Trostel sold his interest in that 
building to his partner and iiiuchased four lots on 
the corner of Locus.t Street and Sixth Avenue, for 
which he paid $11, .500 and erected thereon a fine 
block, which is known as the Trostel Block, at a 
cost Of S43,000. 

In Des Moines, in October. 1878. .Mr. Trostel 
was united in marriage with .Miss Mary liowman, a 



nalive of Pulk County, aiirl a daughter of John 
Bowman, an early settler of Jefferson Township, 
who died at his home in that community on the 
20th of January, 1890. His wife survives him 
and is still living on the old homestead. Their 
family numbered seven children. The sons are 
Jacob, John and Christoi)her, the last named dying 
April 26, 1890, and the daughters are Carrie, wife 
of Charles Zeininger of Wichita, Kan.; Maggie, 
wife of G. F. .Speith, of Des Moines; Mary, the 
wife of our subject; and Kaiie J. who is still with 
her mother. To Mr. and Mrs. Trostel have been 
born four children, George W., Carl, Fred Bruno, 
and Edwin John. All were born in Des Moines 
and the family circle yet remains unbroken. 

Mr. Trostel may truly be called a self-made 
man, having made his own way through life by his 
industrj', enterprise and good business abilitj'. He 
came to America when a j-outh of twenty summers 
and immediately engaged in honest work which he 
continued until by the labor of his own hands he 
bad accumulated a few hundred dollars. He then 
came to Des Moines and invested his capital, em- 
barking in what has proved to be a most successful 
business career. He is still comparatively a young 
man and energelicall_v a|)i)lying himself with un- 
tiring industry' to his interests until lie now ranks 
among the prominent and prosperous business men 
of Des Moines. As a citizen he is honored for his 
integrity and ii[>right character and has gained the 
confidence and good will of a large circle of friends 
ami acquaintances. 

ICIIAI^D ROLLINS, of Des Moines, is an 
'i( honored early settler, who since March, 
^Y 180"), has made his home in this city. He is 
^ a native of the Pine Tree State, having been 
born in Lebanon, York County, on the 13th of 
June, 1801. His father, John Rollins, was a native 
of New Hampshire, born of English parentage, 
while his mother, whose maiden name was Betsy 
Sbaple}', was a native of Maine. The parents of 
our subject continued to reside in Maine until their 
death. Their children all grew to mature years and 

reared families of their own, but Richard and Eliz 
abetli are the only ones now surviving. When llio^- 
married they all settled within a few miles of the 
old homestead (as it was the desire of the mother 
that she might have her children near her) and re- 
mained in that vicinity until the parents were called 
liome. The children were Moses, Elisha, Daniel, 
John, Richard, David L., Samuel, Andrew, Caro- 
line and Elizabeth. 

Richard Rollins, whose name heads this sketch 
passed his early life in the usual manner of farmer 
lads, but ere he had attained to mature years learned 
the carpenter's trade, which be made his life work. 
In company with his sons, he erected many of the 
finer buildings of Des Moines and for many years 
was acknowledged to bo one of the best contractors 
and builders of the city. By his industry and en- 
terprise, combined with good management, he ac- 
quired a coir pelenc\f which now enables him to live 
in retirement and enjo3' a well-earned rest. He 
was married in his native State to Miss Betsy ^ 
H.ayes, a native of New Hampshire, the union tak- 
ing place on the 9th of September, 1826. The young 
couple began their domestic life in Maine, where 
they continued to reside until 18;J6, which vear wit- 
nessed their ariival in Des Moines. They had a son 
who, two years previous, had come to the West and 
located in this city, and through his inlluence Mr. 
Rollins was induced to seek a home in the Hawkeye 
State. Not long after his arrival in Polk County, 
in company with his sons, he crecte<] a paper mill, 
which he operated for a time and then sold toother 
parties. It was probably the first paper mill in the 
State of Iowa. On selling out ho turned his atten- 
tion to his chosen trade, which he followed with 
marked success until his retirement to [jrivate life. 
By the union of Mr. and Mrs. Rollins they be- 
came parents of nine children. George A. continued 
to reside in Maine until within a few years past 
when he became a resident of Chicago. He was for 
many years a leading merchant of the Pine Tree 
State; William A., the second son, died of a cancer 
at the home of his father, a number of years ago; 
Alonzo W., is also deceased; John F. is a resident 
of Des Moines; Henry M., is living in this city; 
Sarah E., is the wife of John Rollins; Fanny is the 
wife of B. Corning. Mr. Rollins was called upon 






(i^J^,^:iryt^:>6c) ^^ c^^(x/c 



to mourn the loss of his beloved wife, who died on 
the 28th of March, 1882,at tlie age of eighty years. 
They had traveled life's jouruey together for fifty- 
six years and it was indeed a lieavy blow to the 
husband when the companion of liis nianiiood (hiys 
was lal<en from him to be united no more lliis side 
of tlie grave. 

Tims liave we given a Ijrief sketch of tlie princi- 
pal incidents in the life of Mr. Rollins, one of tlie 
early settlers of Polk County, and an hoiKjred citi- 
zen of l)es Moines. He is greatly respected by ail 
who know him and jiistly merits the esteem of his 
friends, on account of his upright life and honor- 
able career. ' 

,RLANDO TISDALE, who resides at No. 
KlOU, Twenty-first Street, Des Moines, is 
numbered among the early settlers of this 
city, and is one of its representative citizens. He 
was born in Cortland County, N. Y., November 
16, 1818, whither his father, Leonard Tisdale, a na- 
tive of Massachusetts, had removed when that por- 
tion of the State was almost an unbroken wilder- 
ness. The family is originally of English origin, 
but the first American ancestors came to this coun- 
try a long time prior to the Revolutionary War. 
The paternal grandfather of our suljject, James Tis- 
dale, was a man of considerable [)rominence in that 
jiart of Massjcliusi'tts where he made his home. 
He served as Surveyor and also as Justice of the 
Peace, and spent his entire life in the Bay State. 

Leonard Tisdale, having arrived at ^-ears of ma- 
turity, wedded Sally Hicks, a daughter of a Revo- 
lutionary soldier and with his young wife removed 
to Cortland County, where he cleared and de- 
veloped a farm, upon which they spent the remain- 
der of their days. Mr. Tisdale died in February, 
1 8o0. but his vvifesnrvived him several years. They 
were parents of eight children who grew to mature 
3'ears and of that number four are living at this 
writing in 1890 — Loring still makes his home in 
Cortland County. N. Y.; Eveline, widow of E. K. 
Spencer, is still living on the old homestead in that 
county; Orlando is the fifth in (U'der of birth, and 

Orsamus is also in Cortland County. The oldest 
of the family was Alonzo who died many years 
ago. Minerva became the wife of Noah Ashley, 
and removed to Ontario County, N. Y., where she 
lived until her death. Almira became the wife of 
Alanson Van Valkenbiirg and spent her life in 
Cortlanrl Countv. Lavina, the youngest of the 
famil3-, was twice married and for a number of 
years prior to her decease made her home near 
Fond du Lac, Wis. 

Wo now come to the personal history of our sub 
ject, who in his native county was reaied to the 
occupation of farming, assisting his father in the 
labors of cultivating the land and attending the 
district schools of the neighborhood. It was on 
the 7th of November, 1849, that he led to the mar- 
riage altar Miss Anna, daughter of Oliver and 
Esther ( Rosco) Westcott, who were early settlers 
of Essex County, N. Y., and continued their resi- 
dence in that community until called to their final 
rest. The family is of Welsh descent, but for many 
generations has resided in this country. Mr. West- 
cott and his people were early settlers of Rhode 
Island, while the Rosco family were from Con- 
necticut. Mrs. Tisdale was one of eight children, 
four of wliom are now living — Electa, wife of 
George Fountain of Ansaiile Forks, N. Y. ; Anna, 
wife of our subject; Leander who resides in Eliza- 
bethtown, N. Y., and Mrs. Anna Fountain, also of 
Ansable Forks. The deceased are C^'rus, who 
served his countrj'' in a New York regiment and 
gave his life in defense of the cause; Emily, the 
eldest, who became the wife of Nathaniel Miller 
and died many years ago; Mrs. Lucia Bacheldor, 
who also died mau\- years ago in Jasper County, 
Iowa, and Charles, the 3'oungest of the family, who 
as one of the boys in blue of a Vermont regiment, 
also died in the service. Oliver Westcott, tie fa- 
ther of INlrs. Tisdale was a soldier in the AVar of 
1812. Her grandfather, Zeba Westcott, served in 
the Revolutionary War. 

After their marriage Mr. Tisdale and his wife 
began their domestic life in the town of Cortland, 
where they continued to make their home until 
their removal to the West in May. 18r)(;. They 
arrived in Des Moines on the 23d of that moulli 
I and have had no occasion to regret their choice of 



a location as tbey have not only prospered in busi- 
ness, but have formed many waini friendships in 
theyeai's of their residence liere ami liave made for 
themselves a pleasant home in wliieli to spend their 
remaining days. Mr. Tisdale had given some at- 
tention to the business of painting ere coming to 
I(;wa and after locating in Des Moines, devoted his 
entire attention to that pursuit, being of the first 
to follow the trade in this city. For twelve years 
lie and his worthy wife resided on Walnut Slreet, 
whence they removed to the corner of Fifth and 
Park streets, where they lived until June, 1880, 
when having erected a commodiour, residence at 
1009 'IVenty-first Street, they took up their abode 
in their pleasant home, where they are surrounded 
bj' all the comforts and many of the luxuries of 

In his early manhood Mr. Tisdale supported the 
AVhig party, casting his first Presidential ballot for 
William Henry Harrison in 1840, and since the or 
gauization of the Republican party has been iden- 
tified with that body. He and his wife are faithful 
members of the Presbyterian Church and, living in 
harmony with their professions, have won the re- 
spect and esteem of all. They have been witnesses 
of the wonderful growth of the capital city of Iowa 
from a village of a few hundred inhabitants to a 
metropolis of sixty thousand, and in many ways 
have been connected with its leading interests, 
thereby entitling them to a place in the permanent 
record of the county's history, where are repre- 
sented her honored pioneers and leading business 

f RCHIE CHRISTV, the present efficient 
Postmaster of East Des jSIoines, and one 
of the representative citizens of the county, 
was born in Philadelphia, Pa., on the 31st 
of July, 18.30, and is a son of AVilliam and Mary 
Ann (Young) Christy, who are mentioned more 
fully in the sketch of William Christy, the brother 
of our subject. 

Archie Christy was reared in a pleasant home 
and amid comfiuiable surroundings until about 
twelve years of age, when by the death of his 

father he was thrown upon his own resources and 
left to battle alone with the world. He was bound 
out on a farm ner.r his native city, where he re- 
mained until seventeen years of age, when disliking 
that labor he returned to Philadelphia, where he 
served an apprenticeship to the carpenter's trade. 
His term lasted three and a half years, during 
which time he completely mastered the business in 
all its details and became an excellent workman, 
(ioing then to (iermautown, one of the suburbs of 
Philadel|ihia, he engaged in business for himself 
and soon built ui) an extensive trade. His work 
proved satisfactory in every particular and the 
conscientiousness with which he discharged his 
duties won the confidence of all with whom he 
came in contact. After a successful period of five 
years work in (lermantown. he emigrated to the 
West, but previous to that time, on the oth of 
October, 1851, he was joined in wedlock with Miss 
Martha A. Crawshaw. 

In 18.!)4, his brother Daniel had settled in Polk 
County and receiving from him such favorable ile- 
scriptions of the country and hearing of the great 
demand for carpenters in Ihat section, Mr. Christy 
there determined to try his fortune. Accompanied 
by his little family, in 1856, he made his way to 
Iowa, arriving in Des Moines when the old capital 
building was in course of erection. There were 
onl}^ two btick buildings in the city at that time 
and East Des Moines had onl}- about one hundred 
and fifty frame houses. No roads had been made 
there and the greater part of the town was covered 
with a thick growth of hazel brush and also con- 
siderable timber. The best hotel in the place was 
called the Walker House and was situated on the 
east side. A bridge connected the two portions of 
the city and the different churches held their meet- 
ings in a one-story schoolhouse situated on the 
site now occupied by the State Capitol. Mr. Christy 
at once began work at his trade and as in the East 
was very successful. The greater part of the 
buildings of East Des Moines, erected before 1874, 
were constructed by him or under his supervision. 
In 1874, he was appointed mail c-arrier and retired 
from the carpenter's trade. He was the first man 
who was appointed to that position after the system 
had been introduced into Des Moines, and for nine 



years lie continued to serve in that capacity, resign- 
ing to accept tlie position of Postmaster of East 
Des Moines, to which lie was appointed October 1, 
188-2. lie served until March, 1886, when on ac- 
count of a cliangein the administration, he resigned, 
but wlicn the Republicans again came into power 
he once more obtained the otlice. He had served 
the people so acceptably before that they were 
anxious for his reappointment. He entered njion 
the duties of a second term December 14, 1K.S9, 
and the same warm support has been given him 
which he at first received. No discrep.ancy has 
ever been found in his management of the oflice 
and even his politii'al enemies acknowledge him to 
be a suitable man for the position. As will have 
been inferred, Mr. Christy is a Republican in [loli- 
tics and a stanch advocate of the party principles. 
He has occupied a number of positions of honor 
and trust, including that of AldiH'man of East Des 
Moines for three years, during which time he looked 
.after the interests of the city and people with great 
care and judgment. He is public-spirited and 
progressive, is well-informed on all the leading 
issues of the day, lioth political and otherwise and 
manifests his interest in pultlic affairs by the ready 
siipiiort which hi; gives all worthy enterprises and 
•the active part he has taken in tlie uiibiiilding and 
progress of the community. His life been one 
of industry, a struggle against poverty and the 
trials which come to one in limited circumstances, 
but always looking on the bright side he has worked 
with a determined will, supplemented by good 
business ability and has gained for himself and 
family a comfortable competence. Both he and 
his wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, having been earnest workers in the Master's 
vineyard the greater part of their lives. Socially, 
he is a member of the Masonic fraternity and of 
the Improved Order of Rod Men. He formerly 
belonged to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
the Kniglits of Pythias and the American Mechan- 
ics, but as tli(<sc lodges were not in existence in 
Des Moines at the time of his arrival, he severed 
his connection wiUi them. 

Mrs. Christy, the wife of our subject, was born 
in Philadelphia and is a daughter of -lames and 
Henrietta (Stell wagon) Crawshaw, the former a 

native of England and the latter of Philadelphia. 
Her father was a manufacturer of car[)ets, liair cloth 
and mats and followed that business in Pliiladel|)hia 
until his death, which occurred in the spring 
of 1864. His wife died in the spring of 
1861. They were the parents of seven children, 
but only three are >'et living: James R., a resident 
of East Des Moines: Daniel T., who is residing in 
Hebron. Ohio: and Martha, wife of our subject. 
To Mr. and ^Irs. Christy were born nine children, 
but seven of that niiinlicr have been called to the 
better land. The two living are George W., who 
resides in Colfax County, N. M. ; and Frank Palmer, 
who was named after the government printer. lie 
makes his home with his parents. 


,^\ HARLES W. JOHNSTON, attorney and 
I counselor-at-law, dates his residence in 

^^f^J Des Moines from l.s?'.), and his admission 
to the bar of Polk County from 1881. He is a 
H.'iwkeye by birth. His father, H. S. Johnston, is 
numbered among the pioneers of Van Biiren 
County, in 18U), and still resides in that commu- 
nity, his home being in the town of I'tica. He 
was born and reared in the State of Indiana, where 
for many years he engaged in merchandising, but 
since his residence in Iowa he has devoted himself 
exclusively, to agricultural pursuits. The Johnston 
family was founded in Giles Count3', Va., and was 
numbered among the early and well known families 
of that State, whence the paternal grandfather of 
our subject removed to Greensburg, Ind.. where he 
lived until death. 

As before stated, II. S. .luhnston vvas born in In- 
diana, in 1818. and wlicii he had attained to years 
of maturity married Miss Brovvntield, of (jreens- 
burg, Ind., who died in 1852, and in 185G he mar- 
ried Sarah Dowuard, who died at the age of 
thirty-five years, leaving four cliildren, two sons 
and two daughters. Lucretia, the eldest, is the 
wife of George Miller, 'uid resides on the home- 
stead farm; Charles W., is the second in order of 
birth; Ida B. is the wife of John Topping, a 
grain merchant in Grundy Center, Iowa; and John 



F. is chief bill clerk of tlie freight office of tlie 
Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific Railway Company 
at East Des Moines. . 

The subject of this sketch was born M:>rch 3, 
1858, and remained under the parental roof until 
the autnnm of 1876, when he entered the Iowa 
State Normal School in Cedar Falls, wliich had just 
been oiiened. He was the second pupil enrolled 
at that institution and for two years he there [lur- 
sued his studies, completing the second year's 
course, after which he engaged in teaching. Com- 
ing to Des Moines in 1879, he became a student of 
law under Judge George G. Wright, in the oliice 
of Wright & Wriglit, and two years later was ad- 
mitted to the bar of Polk County, and in 1887 
gained admission to the Federal Court. He is a 
young man of excellent literary and legal attain- 
ments. He makes a specialty of commercial law 
and his energy and industry combined with the 
confidence imposed in his integrity have secured 
him a lucrative and constantly increasing practice. 
He has no outside anibilions, political or otherwise, 
but applies himself strictly to business and hopes 
to so continue. 

Mr. Johnston was married to Miss Martha Vir- 
ginia Burton, daughter of John Burton, of Ben- 
tonsport, Van Buren County, Iowa, May 18, 1885. 
She is also a second cousin of Mrs. Thomas A. 
Hendricks and of A. C. Freeman, an eminent at- 
torney of San Francisco, Cal., who edits the "Amer- 
ican Decisions," which has been adopted as a 
standard legal work ; also works on "Judgments," 
"Executions," etc. 

the bar of Des Moines, has pas.sed his entire 
life in Iowa. He was born in Iowa Cit}', 
!^^^' November 5, 185"2, and is a son of Charles 
H. Berryhill, one of the honored pioneers of this 
State. The latter was born in Harrisburg, Pa., in 
1818, and is of English descent, the family having 
been founded in America, near Philadelphia, Pa., at 
an early day by English emigrants. When twenty 

years of age Mr. Berryhill emigrated to the Terri- 
tory of Iowa, settling in Johnson Count}', near 
Iowa City, wliere for many years he was engaged 
in the mercantile and real-estate business. He be- 
came one of the prominent citizens of the commu- 
nity and his death, which occurred a number of 
years ago, was sincerely mourned by those who 
knew him. 

The i)rimary e<lucatiou of our subject was su[)- 
plementcd by a course in the collegiate department 
of the Iowa State University', from which lie was 
gradu;itcd in 1873. He then entered the law de- 
partment of the same institution, graduating in 
1876, and the following 3'ear located in Des 
JMoines, where he at once embarked in practice. 
Not long after his arrival he formed a partnership 
with George F. Henry, which connection still con- 
tinues unilcr the firm name of Berryhill ife Henry. 
Tiiey.-do a large business, and rank high in the |iro- 
fessional world. Mr. Berryhill is also interested in 
various commercial enterprises throughout the 
State, which demand considerable of his attention 
and yield him a good income. He has been hon- 
ored with several .official positions, was elected to 
the General Assembly in 1885, and re-elected in 
1887, serving two terms as a member from the 
Thirty-seventh District. He proved an able and ■ 
efficient legislator who labored earnestly for the in- 
terests of the i)eo|>le, winning the regard and con- 
fidence of all whom he represented. During his 
Urst term he was appointed Chairman of the Aii- 
propriation Committee, one of the most important 
committees of the session. That committee did 
most excellent work and saved the State some 
$810,000, appropriating $612,000, including the 
general appropriation bill, where 12,550,000 had 
been asked for. To the Chairman and a few other 
members of the committee, much credit is due for 
the large amount which thej' saved to the .State, 
while none of it was at the expense of Iowa State 
institutions. The re-election of Mr. Berryhill tes- 
tifies to the satisfaction which his course in the 
legislative halls afforded those most interested. It 
is needless to say that his second term was marked 
by the same earnest and efficient work in behalf of 
the iieople. He organized the legislation of lail- 
road matters during the Twenty-second session, 





A 7f./V^^ 



and performed effective labor in belia]f of the 
fanning population of Iowa. 

Mrs. Berryhill was former!}' Miss \'irginia J. 
Slagle, daughter of Christian V. .Single, Esq., a 
lawyer of eminence, well known through the State, 
both as an attorney and for the prominent part 
win'ch he has taken in educational interests. He was 
President of the Iowa State University in 1877-78 
and was Regent of that institution for many years. 
His own education was acquired in Washington 
University, of Pennsylvania, of wliicii State lie 
was a native. His death oceured in 1882. 

laCHARD W. BARGER, attorney and coun- 
\( selor-al-law, has been engaged in the prac- 
Ji \Y, tice of his profession at Des Moines since 
Febrnary, 1876. He is a native of Illinois, 
his birth occurring in 1849, in DeWitt County, 
while his boyhood days were spent in McLean 
County. His father, the Rev. John S. Barger, was 
a native of Virginia, and when a young man left 
his native State, going to Kentucky, where he 
married Miss Mary Ann Lee Baker. He was a 
clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and 
was one of the pioneer preachers of that denomi- 
nation in Illinois. He began his work in the min- 
istry in Kenluck}', and on going to the Prairie 
State, l)ecanie a co-worker with the famous Peter 
Cartwright. He left the South on account of his 
antagonism to the institution of slavery. Thougli 
born and reared in slave-holding Stales, he was ever 
opposed to holding human creatures in bondage, 
and from motives of principle became an Aboli- 
tionist of the most pronounced type. When the 
war broke out, he entered the .service of the Gov- 
ernment as Cliaplain of the Seventy-third Illinois 
Infantry, in wiiich his three sons, Robert, John 
and Richard, were actively engaged in the service. 
His other son, William, was one of the boys in 
blue of the Forty-second Illinois Infantry,. The 
Rev. Mr. Barger was a Professor at one time in 
McKendree College, at Lebanon, III., and was after- 
ward Financial Agent for the Illinois Female Col- 
lege, at Jacksonville, and the Wesleyan University, 

at Bloomington. Elder Barger was well known 
throughout Illinois, and was universally esteemed. 
He died at Bloomington, in 1876, in his soveuty- 
fifth j'ear, leaving behind him the record of a life 
than which a purer, nobler, and better Christian 
one was never lived by anj^ man. In 1877 his wife 
died at the same place, in her scventj'-fifth year. 
Their family numbered six children, five sons and 
one daughter, all of whom are living, with the ex- 
ception of the eldest, James H. Barger, whose death 
was a most tragic one. He was accidentall}' shot 
and killed by a friend in the fall of 1861, while 
hunting upon an island of the Mississippi, just be- 
low Quincy. He received the first degree of Mas- 
ter of Arts that was ever conferred by the Illinois 
Wesle3'an University, commenced preaching when 
he was eighteen years of age, and was killed in his 
thirtieth year, when he was Presiding Elder of the 
Quincy district in the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
He was one of the most eloquent preachers of his 
time. His loyalty to his country was evidenced by 
the fact of his having enlisted the greater part of 
a regiment of volunteers, lie himself was deterred 
by circumstances from going to the front, but his 
labors were none the less effective at home. 

John S., the eldest surviving son, is a teacher by 
profession, and resides at Cuba, Fulton County, 
III. William M. resides at Webster City, Iowa. 
Robert N. is a practicing physician of Hopedalc, 
HI., and Susan, the only daughter, is living in 
Bloomington, III. 

Richard W. Barger, our subject, is the youngest 
of his father's family, lie was but thirteen years 
of age when he entered the service of his country 
as a drummer boy for Company K, in the Seventy- 
third Illinois Regiment. Afterward he served as a 
soldier in Company 1), of the First Battalion of Cav- 
alry in the Mississippi Marine Brigade. Having 
been honorably dischai'god from the service, he 
entered the Illinois Wesleyan University', at Bloom 
ington. as a student, from which ho was graduated 
with the class of '71, receiving in due course the 
degree of Master of Arts from that institution. He 
made his way through c(>llcge by means of teach- 
ing. This he continued one year after graduation, 
when he entered upon the study of law at the 
Iowa State University. Subsequently lie was ad- 



initted lo the bar at Mt. I'leasant, Iowa, where he 
commenced practice, following bis profession there 
until his removal to Des Moines, in 1876. Mr. 
Barger devotes his entire attention to insurance 
law, and has rei)resented, at various times, most, if 
not quite all, of the insurance companies doing 
business in Iowa. He has been connected with 
some o!' the most important litigations of this cliar- 
acter in the country, and his business as a lawyer 
now extends over many States. 

In August, 1889, Mr. Barger had the good fort- 
une to win tlie heart and hand of Miss Belle F. 
Moore, of Des Moines, a lady whose culture and 
kindness have endeared her to many friends in her 
home city and elsewhere. See portrait of Mr. 
Barger on another page. 

OSES STRAUSS, President of the State Sav- 
ings liank, and a member of the wholesale 
II millinery house of Lederer, Strauss & Co., 
of Des Moines, was born in Bavaria, Ger- 
many, March 6, 1833, and is a son of Marcus and 
Leah (Simon) Strauss. He was educated in his na- 
tive country, and emigrated to America in 1848. 
landing in New Orleans. He began learning the 
cigar maker's trade in that citj', but before com- 
pleting his apprenticeship he removed to Vim ennes, 
Ind., and in 1852, sailed from New York to Aus- 
tralia. He was in business two years in Melbourne, 
and then spent some time in the mountains, after 
which he went to Africa, and thence to South 
America, returning to New York in 1857. The 
following year he came to Des Moines, where he 
engaged in the dry-goods and clothing business in 
company with his brother. Leopold, under the firm 
name of Simcn, Strauss & Co. The firm had two 
stores, and carried on an extensive business. In 
1806 Moses Strauss and Mr. Lederer formed a part- 
nership, tlie lirni doing a wholesale business in 
millinery and notions. The gentlemen now com- 
posing the firm are Alexander Lederer, Jloses 
Strauss, Max Shloss and Morris Samish. 'i'lie com- 
pany occupies a four-story block, Nos. .")|:i and 

515 West Locust Street, with ground floor 41x132 
feet, and do an annual business of from $400,000 to 
$500,000. In the beginning the company dealt in 
dry goods and clothing, but since 1872 they liave 
done an exclusive wholesale milliner3' business. 

In May, 1872, Mr. Strauss became interested in 
banking, and was elected Director of the Citizen's 
National Bank. In March, 1887, in company with 
others, he established the State Savings Bank, with 
a capital of §50,000, James II. Merrill being elected 
its President, while Mr. Strauss liecanie a member 
of the Board of Directors, but in May, 1889, he 
succeeded Air. Merrill, and has since held the ofllce 
of President, R. O. Green being Vice President; 
and Joseph Genesser, Cashier. 

In August, 1867, in Philadelphia, Pa., Mr. Strauss 
was united in marriage with Miss Nanie Scidoss, 
daughter of Samuel Schloss, who was born in Ba- 
varia, Germany, and came to the United States in 
1800. To this worth}' cou[)le has been born a 
family of live children, four sons and a daughter: 
Samuel, aged twenty-one years; Leon, aged eight- 
een; Gertrude, aged sixteen; Oscar, aged fourteen; 
and .\ugustus, eleven years of age. All were born 
in Des Moines, and are still at home with their 
parents. Mr. Strauss and family' are members of 
the Jewish Church, and in politics he is a Demo- 
crat. A Royal Arch Mason, he belongs to Pioneer 
Lodge, No. 22, A. F. & A. M., and Corinthian 
Chapter, No. 14, R. A. M. Successful in business, 
enterprising and public-spirited, he has burne a 
prijmjnent part in the commercial and financial 
history of Des Moines, and is justly held in high 
esteem by his fellow-citizens who have known him 
these mruiy years. 

if SAAC P. BRUBAKER, M. D., although one of 
the youngei' members of the fiaternity 
', of Polk County, is rapidly- gaining the front 
rank among his professional brethren. His |):uents, 
Michael and Catherine (Probst) I'.rubaker, were 
both born in Somerset Count}', P;i.,tlie father born 
.lanuary 12. 1.S07, of German i)arentage; while the 
nidlher. who wns l)()rn Alarcli 2 1. 1812, is of French, 



Scotch and German descent. By trade Micliael 
Brubaker was a blacksmith and carriage-maker, and 
for many years ran a shop in Stoyestown. He was 
not a man that took an active part in politics, 
though he always kept himself well informed con- 
cerning political questions, and was a stanch advo- 
vocate of Whig and afterward of Republican 
principles. He died in 1887, a consistent member 
of the Reform Church. His wife, who is still liv- 
ing, is a member of the Lutheran Church. They 
were the parents of twelve children, of whom four, 
two sons and two daughters, are yet living. 

The Doctor is the youngest of the family. He 
was born on tlie 30tli of September, 1851, in Som- 
erset County, Pa., and received his rudimentary 
education in the schools of his native village, after 
which he attended the Pittsburg High School and 
the Normal Schools held in that county. He was 
only seventeen years of age when he began teach- 
ing. In 1871 he entered Franklin an<l Marshall 
College, at Lancaster, Pa., graduating with honor 
from the classical course of that institution in 
1876, after which he taught for a year in the gram- 
mar school of Johnstown, Pa., the place with which 
the whole country became familiar on account of 
the disastrous tlood which swept away the town in 
1889. Not content with teaching as a life work, 
Mr. Biubaker determined to engage in the prac- 
tice of medicine, and took a course of reading in 
that science with Dr. W. B. Lawman, Surgeon for 
the Camby Iron Company, unlil his means were 
exhausted, when he was forced to resume teaching 
in order to replenish his exchequer. In the au- 
tumn of 1877 he taught in a Normal school in Ber- 
lin, Pa., then going to his native town entered the 
ofEceof Dr. R. H. Patterson, with whom he remained 
for some time. In 1878 he took charge of an 
academy at Grantsville, Md., and the following 
year entered Jefferson Medical College of Phila- 
delphia, from which he was graduated in March, 
1 881, and supplemented the knowledge there gained 
1)3' the i)ursual of a select course during the spring 
of that year. In the following August he located 
in Mt. Pleasant, Iowa, where he practiced unlil 
December, 1882, when he came to Des Moines, and 
shortly afterward formed a partnership with an old 
college friend. Dr. H. C. Eschach, which connection 

continued until 1886. His practice is general, al- 
though he gives special attention to nervous dis- 
eases, and he is now reaping the rewards of a 
' liberal patronage. 

On the 22d of June, 1887, Dr. Brubaker was 
united in marriage with Miss Jennie Santel, who 
was born near Wilkesbarre, Pa., but their marriage 
bliss was brief, the wife dying on the 2d of Jan- 
uary, 1888. The Doctor is a member of the Polk 
County Medical Society, and the State Medical 
Society. By persistent and well-directed efforts he 
has gained rank among the leading [jhysicians of 
Des Moines, and lias a well deserved reputation. 

<$^ l>.ALTER GARDENER REED, wholesale 
\/iJ/i *^^'^'*^'" '" leather, saddlery, hardware, and 
]y^ shoe findings, is engaged in business at No. 
313, West Walnut Street, Des Moines. He was 
born in Massillon, Stark County, Ohio, on the 2d 
of December, 1837, and is a son of Walter A. and 
Eleanor Sarah (Wright) Reed. He was educated 
in his native town under the preceptorship of Prof. 
Harvej', the well-known author and publisher of 
school text books. When nineteen years of age, 
Walter came to Des Moines, reaching this city in 
April, 1857, and has here made his home continu- 
ouslj' since. His first business venture after his 
arrival was as an employe in the wholesale and re- 
tail grocery house of J. M. Laird A; Co., of which 
his father was a partner, fn 1860 he engaged in 
business with his fatlier in a small waj", they deal- 
ing in leather, saddlery, hardware and shoe find- 
ings. Theirs was the first house in Des Moines to 
handle saddlery hardware. The (inn was known 
as W. A. Reed k Son, and the connection was con- 
tinued for a period of twenty-five years with per- 
fect harmony and marked success. Starting in a 
small way, their business steadily increased with 
the exception of a short interval, when, through no 
fault of the original partners, the affairs of the 
house became somewhat demoralized. At that 
state of affairs, W. ('<. Reed assumed the manage- 
ment and soon restored tlie business to a healthy 
j and prosperous condition, since which time it has 



steadily grown in extent and importance. In 1883 
Mr. Heed, Sr., fell a victim to a stroke of paralysis, 
wliicli incapacitated him for active business, after 
which he assigned liis entire intirest to his son, 
the present proprietor. 

On tiie 1st of November, 186C, in Des Moines, 
Waller G. Reed led to the marriage altar Miss 
Maggie Wharton, a daughter of (icorge Wharton, 
of Cadiz, Ohio. Mrs. Reed died on the Gtli of 
January, 1879, leaving two children, a son and a 
daughter. The former, who was born in I)cs 
Moines, October 9, 1867, is employed in his father's 
store as a book-keeper and salesman. The latter, 
Louise Hood, was also born in Des Moines, on the 
25th of August, 1869. Mr. Reed was again mar- 
ried, in Chicago, 111., April 12, 1880, when he 
wedded Miss Pattie Bennett, a native of Cadiz, 
Ohio, and a .laughter of R. .T. Bennett. Their 
union has been blessed with one child, a daughter, 
Martlia M., born May 10, 1886. Mrs. Reed is a 
member of St. Paul's Episcopal Church, of this 
city. In political sentiment Mr. Reed is a Re-- 
publican, but has never sought or desired pub- 
lic oftice, preferring to devote his energies to the 
care of his private affairs. He has built up a large 
and prosperous business, and during the long term 
of years in which lie has been known as an im- 
portant factor in the business circles of Des 
Moines, he has won and holds the confidence and 
esteem of his fellow-citizens. 

^LFRED W1N(JAT1':, Eminent Grand Re- 
(@/lI|I corder of the Grand Commandery, K. T., 
.and Grand Secretary of the Grand Chap- 
ter, R. A. M., is one of the most promi- 
nent Masons of Iowa. His office is situated in the 
Masonic Temple, at Des Moines, which city has 
been his home for some time. He was born near 
Montreal, Canada, .September 15, 1839, and is the 
son of Asa S. and Cliaritj- (AVillsie) Wingate. His 
parents were natives of New Hampshire and both 
were descended from old New England families of 
Scotch origin. 

The subject of this sketch siicnt his early \i:a.> 

in his native country. It was not until lie was a 
lad of fifteen years that he became a resident of 
the United States. In 1854 his parents removed 
to Clinton County, N. Y., where he attended school 
during the succeeding three terms. The j-ear 1857 
witnessed his arrival in Iowa, the family settling 
on fl farm in Winnesheik County, where they were 
numbered among the carl3' settlers. For several 
years Alfred was employed as a merchant's clerk at 
McGregor, and was then engaged in the tobacco 
business for two years, when his stock was de- 
stroyed by fire. He then entered the employ of 
the Merchants' Union and the American Ex|)ress 
Companies, and served as local agent at McGregor 
until 1869, when he went to Mason City to accept 
the position as cashier in a private bank. A year 
elapsed, and he then went to Winnesheik C'ountj-, 
.where another twelve months were passed. He was 
next employed in Fremont County in the service 
of the Burlington ct Missouri River Railroad Corn- 
pan}', after which he worked for the Chicago, Bur- 
lington & Quincy Railroad Company at various 
points from 1871 until 1880, when he came to Des 
Moines as general agent of that company, in which 
capacity he served until September, 1887, when 
he resigned to accept the position he now holds 
with the Grand bodies of the Masonic order. 

Mr. Wingate was married in McGregor, Iowa, 
on the 23d of October, 1865, to Miss Josephine 
Bifl'el, daughter of Peter Biffel, and a native of Ot- 
tawa, 111. Four children were born of their union, 
a son and three daughters — Florence A., Allie Grace, 
Clara Blanche and Ilariy Alfred. 

Mr. Wingate is a Republican in politics, but has 
never cared to accept political oflicial positions. 
He takes a great interest in civfc societies, especi- 
ally in the Masonic fraternity, lie is a member of 
Capital City Lodge, No. 110, A. F. 6i A. M.; Cor- 
inthian Chapter, No. U, R. A. M.; and Temple 
Commandery, No. 4, K. '1'. lie also belongs to 
Cai)ital City Lodge, No. 14, A. O. U. W. He has 
taken an active interest in masonry for many j-ears, 
has an extensive acquaintance in the order through- 
out the Stale and has discharged the duties of the 
oflices he holds with ability and fidelity. His long 
service with the Chicago, Burlington & Quinc^' 
Kailroad Company, covering a pcrioil of sixteen 



,: -ii " 



years, in the responsible position of local agent, 
testifies in no uncertain manner as to his executive 
al>ility, integrit}' and high standing in the estima- 
tion of the management of that important corpora- 

L-^ ON. THOMAS E. HAINES, a prominent 
If/^V citizen and leading business man of Altoona, 
is widely known throughout Central Iowa, 
y; In many ways he has been identified with 
the interests of Polk County, and has never failed 
in his support to all worthy entcr[)rises calculated 
for the advancement of the people's interests. He born in Carroll County, Ohio, on the 21st of 
.January, 1831, and is of English and (4erman lin- 
eage. The family to which he belongs numbered 
ten children, he being the 3'oungest of the four 
sons. The parents were .Joseph and Hannah (Shri- 
vers) Ilaines, both natives of Frederick County, 
]\Id. The father was born in 1799, and when a 
youth emigrated to Pennsylvania, where he spent 
his boyhood days and received his early training 
in the common schools. Whenayonng man he 
removed to Carroll County, Ohio, where his mar- 
riage took place. He then began life in earnest, 
turning his attention to agricultural pursuits. He 
purchased one hundred and fifteen acres of hind 
near Minerva and there led a quiet, yet useful life 
until 1849. when he was called to his final rest. His 
wife, who was born in the year 1803, and for more 
than a quarter of a century went hand in hand 
with him. sharing equally his joys and sorrows, his 
adversity and prosperit}-. died in Carroll County, 
Ohio, in 1874. She was a devoted Christian woman, 
having lieen a member of the Christian Church 
during the greater part of her life. Politically, 
Mr. Haines was a true type of the original .Jeffer-. 
sonian Democrat. In his youth he became a mem- 
ber of the Christian Church and for many years 
served as Elder in the congregation to which he 
belonged. He gave liberally to the support of the