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IIK utcutfsl uf Kiigli^li historians, M vcali.ay, unci oiieof tliu most brilliant writers ol 
the present century, has said : "Tlie history of a country is l)esl told in a record of the 
lives of its people." In conformity with this idea the Poktkait and BiO(;uArniCAL 
Am'.i'm of this county' has been prepared. Instead of going to must}' records, and 
taking therefrom dry statistical matter that can be appreciated by but few, our 
corps of writers have gone to the people, the men and women who have, by their 
enterprise and industr}% brought the county to a rank second to none among those 
comprising this great and noble State, and from their lips have the story of their life 
stru"'"'les. No more interesting or instructive matter could be presented to an intelli- 
gent public. In this volume will be found a record of many whose lives are worthy the 
imitation of coming generations. It tells how some, commencing life in poverty, by 
in<lnstry and economy- have accumulated wealth. It tells how others, with limited 
a<l vantages for securing an education, have become learned men and women, with an 
inlluence extending throughout the length and breadth of the land. It tells of men who 
have risen from the lower walks of life to eminence as statesmen, and whose names have 
become famous. It tells of those in every walk in life who have striven to succeed, and 
records how that success has usually crowned their efforts. It tells also of many, very 
manv, who, not seeking the applause of the world, have pursued "the even tenor of their way,'" content 
liave it said of them as Christ said of the woman performing a deed of mercy — "they have done what 
they could." It tells how that many in the pride and strength of young manhood left the plow and the 
anvil, the lawyer's oHice and the counting-room, left every trade and profession, and at their countrj-'j^ 
call went forth valiantly "to do or die," and how through their efforts the Union was restored and peace 
once more reigned in the land. In the life of every man and of every woman is a lesson that should not 
be lost ui)on those who follow after. 

C'omin"- ■'■enerations will appreciate this volume and |)reserve it as a sacred treasure, from the fact 
that it contains so much that would never find its way into public records, and which would otiierwise be 
inaccessible. Great care has been taken in the compilation of the work and every opportunity possible 
given to those represented to insure correctness in what has been written, and tlie publishers Hatter them- 
selves that they give to their readers a work with few errors of consequence. In addition to the biograph- 
ical sketches, portraits of a number of representative citizens are given. 

The faces of some, and biographical sketches of many, will be missed in this volume. Vur this the 
publishers are not to blame. Not having a proper conception of the work, some refused to give the 
information necessary to compile a sketch, while others were indifferent. Occasionally' some member of 
the family would oppose the enterprise, and on account of such opposition the support of the interested 
one would be withheld. In a few ins'tances men could never be found, though repeated calls were made 
at their residence or place of business. 


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I HE Father of our Counlr\' was 
y^liorii ill Westmorland Co., Va., 
yi l-eb. 22, 1732. His parents 
)] were Augustine and Mary 
j> (Ball) Washington. The family 
■' to which he belof.ged h;is not 
/ been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a pros|)erous 
^ planter. He had t>vo sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John. 
Augustine and Mildred. Augu.;- 
tine, the father of George, fi:st 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 

f maturity. Of si.K children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
J Samuel, John Augustine, ("harles 

and Mildred. 
Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
'" '743> leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. (Jeorge 
received only such education as the neighborhoorl 
sch>X)ls afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His si>ellinn was rather defective. 

Remarkable stories are told of his great ))hysica. 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged lender among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was i4years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandontd. Two years later he was ap|)ointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough froritier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards [iroved very 
essential to him. In 175 r, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained fot 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her der.'ise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddle, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia wa^- 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assignee! him and ac. 
cei)ted, which others had refused. This to i)ro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
w.Ts between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at haii<l, 
and the jnnrney was to be made wiiliout military 
escori. through a territory occupied by Indians. The 


trip was a perilous one, and several limes he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major \Vashington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says: "I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was levelin') my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal aimy, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the v;illey of tlie Ohio, 
to resign his commission. Soon after he entered tlie 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he look an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
if Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia.Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a memberof the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but u]")on the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress lo pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted liy 
him under every possible disadvanlage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcame every 
obstacle, -and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of enrlh. On Dec. 23, 17S3, Washinglon, in 
a palling address of surpassing beauty, lesigned his 

commission as commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress silling at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

In February, 1 7 89, \Vashington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a i\ew 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments ; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
elear judgment could discern the golden mean; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often liitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely- 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned lo his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December 12, he took 
a severe cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in hi§ throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne with military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the more deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
lie as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washinglon was unusally tan, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmelrv. 
lie commanded respect without any appearance of 
liaughtiness, and ever serious without being dull. 


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OHN ADAMS, the second 
; President and the lirst \'iee- 
President of tlie United Slates, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
Quinc)'),Mass., and about ten 
'■" niilSs from Boston, Oct. ig, 
1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Ad.inis. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
sci-.ool in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
'sci.ool of affliction," from which Iv.; endeavored to 
gain ^elief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
s; udy of law. For this purtwse he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He thought seriously of the clerical profession 
bi:t seems to have been turned from this by what he 
c-rmed "the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
1 il; cf diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of li.c operations of which he had been a witness in 
I:is native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
ofeysion, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
: ,■ idy and (luent of speech, and having quick percep- 
'■"i powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
i7'''4 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
a::d a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (i7''s), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
♦jon turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holdin^, a town meeting, and the resolu- 

tions he offered on the subject became very populat 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocatesof the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the fir?t Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himsel! 
by his capacity for business and for del-ate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume tlie duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of five 
ap[X)inted June 11, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
l)endence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved tiie task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with thi 
glow of e.xcited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "tlie 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or wil 
be decided among men. A resolution «as passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, T776, will be a memorable epoch in the histor)' 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniveisary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty 
God. It ought to be solemnized v/ith [wmp, shows- 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. 1 can see that the end is 
wurlh more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, altliough you and I may rue, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms qnd money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
comi)elled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
might be found willing to listen to such pioposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
Holland, where he negotiated imiorlant loans and 
formed important commercial treaties 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 17S3. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr, Adams had passed 
threw him into a fever. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to goto England to drink the waters of 
Bath. While in England, still drooping anddes|)ond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,hemade the trip. 

February 24, 1785; Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
nis own country, where he arrived in June, i7(S8. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President, .\gain 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President, though not without muchojiposition. 
Serving in this office four years, he was succeeded by 
Mr. Je'''"erson, his opponent in politics. 

'>/hile Mr. Adams was Vice President the grea* 

French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence in their 
ixjwer of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
classof atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefl"erson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of tlieone whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and res|)ect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
earth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found hnnself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On lieing requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " In- 
dependence FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his ;:ttendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourih of July — God bless it — God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, " It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.was intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Jefferson, 



born April z, 1743, at Shad- 
!r^>\vell, Albermarlc county, Va. 
His parents wiire Peter and 
Jane ( Randol[ih) JefTcrson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liljeral education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered W'illiam 
iind Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial C:ourt, and it was the obodeof fashion splendor. Young Jefferson, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet he 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irrei:)roacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences.that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he liad 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to hard study, allowing himself for e.\- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike e.\cellence in 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls ; and 

there was not to be found, [lerhaps, in all Virginia, 3 
more ])ureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college lie begun the 
study of law. For the shoil lime he eoiitiniieil in the 
practice of his [)rofession he rose rapidljand di^ilin- 
guished himself by his energy and accutenes^> ;is a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spiiil of 
resistance of the American ( 'olonie^, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led 
him into active [wlitical life. In 1769 he wasihosei 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses !i: 
1772 he married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very oe.iuii- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young wid(;v 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shadwell, th -n 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, whii I 
commanded a prosiiect of wonderful extent a i.e. 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest ye' 
elegant architecture, which, ne.xt to .Mount Ven or. 
became the most distinguished reson in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Cclonial Congress 
where, though a .-silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and h , 
was placed upon a number of im|jortant coiumitiee'.i, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John .Adams. 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and .\dams suggesieo 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to ("on- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were ni;;de 
in it liy Congress, and it was passed and sii;ned July 
4, 177O What must have been the feelings of 'hat 



man — what the emotions that swelled his breast — 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
iioverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
'.f the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
bufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monticello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 17S2 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 17 S3. 
Two yeirs later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
m Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. I, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tiou was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tran<iuilily and peace of the Union; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
lo the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
ambition, this extraordinary man formed the jilan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not lieen 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
'jrty years, lie had been continually before the pub- 
,ic, and all tiiattime had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and ujwn the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, — 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, — and remained three and even six months. 
T,ife at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 

sary of the Declaration of American Inde|3endence; 
great preparations were made in every pait of thi/. 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
the citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jeflerson, as the framer,. 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained nc 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the ne.xt 
day, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish tha'; 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard — that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life ! To die on that day, — the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day v/hich his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a wliole nation, who looked up to him, 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred s])irit of the venerable Adams, as if to beai 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for tiie good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and in their deaths they were not 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his comjilexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his siyle 
upon the best models of antiquity. 


/ (ZA^^^ "^ ' x:>-Mf 

,*A^M^^-( /?-\ 

FOURTh riil-^WENT. 


AMES MADISON, -'leather 
of the Constitution," and fourth 
^resident of tlic United States, 
was born March 16, 1757, and 
-_.^ESli!L-_B died at Itis home in X'irginia, 
X-^l^r^, li^ /''Vi- June 28, 1836. The name of 
pW'.?<*- T g James Madison is inse[)arably con- 
nected witli most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
Ijj, country during which the founda- 
tions of this great repubhc were 
hiid. He was the ktst of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 

The Madisorj family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World, 
landing uixjn the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown, 'i'he father of 
James Madison was an (![)ulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange C'o., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery iiighly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
l)olitical attachment e.xisted between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
iS he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most im- 

prudent zeal; allowing himself, for months, but ihret 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became r~o 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 1771, wiih a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purily, and wiih a 
miml highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsr 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. 
This educational <»urse, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he assD 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strori; 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-woik cl 
a slalesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
miiul, and his frail health leading him to think tha' 
his lite was not to be long, he diiected esjiecial atten- 
tion to theological studies. fMidowed with a ul 

singularly free from passion and prejudice, anil wi:l; 
almo.-:t uneipiatled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the argiuiients for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the Sjjring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The ne.xt year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembly. 
He refused to treat the wliisky-lovir.g voters, .-.nd 
conseipiently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both I'atrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
(lovernorsof Virginia while Mr. Madison remaincrl 
member of the Council ; and their a[)i)rec;alioii o\ \\\^ 



intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assemljly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every S^ate but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and^the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little power at home and little respect 
aliroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, exiiounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable power of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. , 

British orders in council destioyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiiing 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to' 
designate as British subjects; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 18 12, President Madison gave 
his appioval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the wnr, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 18 13, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered ui>on his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infan'. 
navy then laid the foundations' of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1813, in Chesapeake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the L^nited States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
ditator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of thePatuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of tiie 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the doer to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
cnptured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, i8i5,the treaty of peace was signed at Ghent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 

-^^'^-^?^ (^^ 



-^^p^ pri^ES n]oi]ROE. ^m^^" 

; MOXROK. tlio fit'tli 
;ntuf'riie United States, 
irn in Westmoreland Co., 
N'a., April 28, 175S. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
*»■> of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to dehberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
y^iT Great Britian, declared the separa- 

Y tion of the Colonies, and promul- 

gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked lioi)e- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came i)ouring 
in ; and the tories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe tlieir 
|iolitical emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and esix)used the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 


for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing ujion the enemy he received a wound in the left 

As a reward tor his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry ; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined tile army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 177S, in the actions of Brandy 
wine, Gerniantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside tlie knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a volun 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 17S2, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of N'irginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the E.xecutive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period dis[)layed some of that ability 
and aptitude fur legislation, wiiich were afterwards 
employed with unremittipg energy for the public good. 



he was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
ihe Congress of the United States. 
Deeplyas Mr. Monroefelt the imperfectionsof theold 
■Joiilederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
•hiiiking, with many others of 'he Republican party, 
'.liat it gave loo much power to the Central Government, 
.md not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
su[)porters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became anieml>er 
of the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
stiict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Cxovernments as much i_)0wer, as the Constitution vvould 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with F^ngland, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much jiower to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 

The leading F'ederalists and Republicans were 
alike nolile men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams tlie Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to ecliiise all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, tlie com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light e([uilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was tlien President. England had es- 
jKiused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
WasJiington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending iwwevs. France had helped 
us in tlie struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
thai; that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
niai;nanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
wliatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
tlieir extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
d ;vel,)ped his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by a;)painting that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
<if that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 

Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had Init shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Tneir uirited efforts were sue ■ 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to tlie LTnited States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of oui 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on tlie same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trj'ing times, the duties of the War Department 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. LTpon the return ol 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec 
tion held tlie previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opjiosition, nnd 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four year^ 
later he was elected for a second tenii. 

Among the important measures of his Presidency 
were the cession of Florida to the United States; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.' 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not \\ish 
to have European powers longer attempting to suli- 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the purpose of oppressini; 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by Euro]iean 
iiowers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the LTnited States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died, on the 4th of July, 1831 

^. $, Ai 





i>,^//x\> .^^ 


30r?l] QUI1]6Y ^D^^ITQS. 

^^m<\yy j"^^ 


ixth President of the United 
■V§>tates, Was born in the rural 
home of his honored fatiier, 
lohn Adams, in Qaincy, Mass., 
on the I ith of July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of ?ge, he stood with 
' his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunkei's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing ui) from the conllagration of 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his father for Ruroiie, 
through a fleet ot hostile British cnusers. The bright, 
..nim.ited lioy spent a year and a half in I'aiis, where 
iiis father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
cou.'.try, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
:o!.n Quincy accompanied his father At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for si.x months, 
to :.tudy; then accom pained his father to Holland, 
x''nere he entered, first a school in .\msterdam, then 
the University at. I.eyden. About a year from this 
'ime, in 17S1, when the manly l.oy was but fourteen 
yea-i of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant lalxjr and of enobling 
'•ultiire he s[)ent fourteen months, and then returned 
!o Holland through Sweden, I )enmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. .'Xgain he resumed 
his studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence, 

in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his filhcr ic 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent- 
examining arcuitectural remains, galleries of paintings 
and all renowned works of art. At I'aris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the conteui])lations of the loftiest temiwral 
themes which can engross the human mind. Afte' 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, and 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, v.ho had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he i)re- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an .\merican college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable jnofession, he might W. 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty 
he studied law for three years. In June, ^794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
(jieat Brilian. After thus spending a fortniglit ir 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal ar, 
minister i)leni]X>tentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Berlin, but requesting 
him to remain in. London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was niatried to ar: 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, — Miss Louisa Catherine John.son, daughte" 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in I ondon ; 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those ncconi- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move In fne 
elevated sphere for which she was destined- 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
lilled all the purposes of his mission, he solicited his 

- Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, trom Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
tVour the 4th of March, 1S04. His reputation, his 
aliility and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins; lo 
the climate and astronomical observations ; while he 
Kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Euro|ie, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an important 
part ot his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1S17. Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of .State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, i8ig, for the United States. On the 
i.Sth of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in (Quincy. During the eight yearsof Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr, Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
foi the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety-nine; John Quincy .\dams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty -one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
(luestion went to the House of Representati\es. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. 'I'here is nothing more disgraceful in 
*"^<: history of our countr) than the abuse which 

was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. AVhen at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own tire and apjilying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew- 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
IXDrtentotis magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
" the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in Its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, lie 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with ex|iulsion from the House, with assassination: 
l)ut no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prater which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2 1 St of February, 1S4S, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of those around him. 
For a lime he was senseless, as he was conveyed lo 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth .-"then after a inoment's 
|inuse he added, ''^ I am eontriit" Tliese were the 
last words of the grand "Old Man Eloquent." 

r ' -f,-^ 






'c>>i^^J|>i?i/'J j J in- iJPj^** 

\I)RI W JACKSON", the 
-11. \ (.nth I'lcsidc'i.l of the 
L lilted States, was liorn in 
WaxliTW settlement, N. (.'., 
March 15, i;'';. a lew days 
after his father's death. His 
pirents were poor emigrants 
fiom Ireland, and took up 
their abode in AVaxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew \\\i a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was Init very 
little in his character, made visible, wliich was at- 

VViien only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the liritish invasion. In 
17S1, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-si)attered boots. " I am 
a [irisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a dcs|)crate 
dIow at the head of the helpless young j^risoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, — one on the hand and the other ujwn the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which i|uite 
disabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-ix)X. Their 
mother was successful Ml obtaining their exchange, 

and tiuik her sick boys home. After a long illness 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left lii'.n entirely friendless. 

.Vndrew su[)i)orted himself in various ways, s uiias 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 17 88, he was a[)pointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
whicli Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but .Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
wiin the Sharj) Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of lioth parties, two years later, 
to find tliat the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his [irofes- 
sion, and freciuently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when lie killed nickenson, was es]iec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 179''), the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, I lie 
people met in convention at Kncwille to frame a con- 
stitution. I'ive were sent from each of the eleven 
counties .\ndrew Jackson was one of the delega'es. 
The new State was entitled to but one nieinl cr \\\ 
the National House of Representatives. Andrciv Jack-1 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 


stjssions, — a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Deuio- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. .\s Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gju. Washington, whose 
second term of oftice was then expiring, delivered his 
last sijcech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
compliirientary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to tJie United .States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after he was chosen Judge of the Supreme Coiut 
of his State, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 1S12 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
\'.oidd do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack I'.pon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, lie was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrforl of his soldiers, won liim 
golden oi)inions; and he became the most popular 
man in tlie State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of" Old Hickory. ' 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a duel, in 
which a younger brother of Benton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering \ipon a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
ters, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
lance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, .\labama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
fine of t!>e bL--n'lsof theTallaixiosa River, near the cen- 
ir;r(il .M.ilii^m:!. ,1' out fifty niili's below Fcrf Strother. 
'A'itli :>n nrniy of two thoiisand men, Gen. Jackson 
1-Tversi'(l the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
il vs. He reiched their fort, called Tohopekn or 
Uorse-shoe, on 'ho 27th of March. 1814. The bend 

of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suply of arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the inierring bullet struck their heads ns 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
power of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriftic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands cauie to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fori, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault. The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Molnle, where he had taken his lillh: 
army, he inoved his troops to New Oilenns. 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This wor. 
for (^len. Jackson an im|)erishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the Ihilish army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thiiteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

Tile name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in i:onnection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible afRiction of his life in the death of 
his wife, wliom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock cf 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expir.ilion of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitncre, where 
he died lune 8, 1845. The la",t yenrs of Mr. Jack- 
.son's life were that of a devoted Christian man. 

"7 7 //<^^^. ^C^J U^L^£,^Z.i:^ 



^t \. Xl'IH -^f^TIN VAN I5UREN, the 
» X,- /A-il\ fl> ei-hth President of the 
L'nited States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
17.S2.' He died at the same, July 24, 1S62. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
a [)lain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, Viearing a simple inscription 
about half way up on one face, 
w The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and e.\em[)lary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were repiired of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Insjiired with 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies witli indefatigable industry. After 
ajiending six year-; in an office in Hs native village. 

he went to the city of \ew York, and prosecuted iiis 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. \'an 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He liad, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listenkig to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy botli in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, tlu 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years 
constantly gaining strength by contending in the- 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mi. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve shoii 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consunip- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep ovei 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 1812, when thirty years of age, he was chosen lo 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous supirart to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed .Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to .'Mbany. the capital of the Slate. 

'.Vhile he was acknowledged as one of the nio>-t 
p. ominent leaders of the DciDOcratic party, he had 



the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage" which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man vifithout distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some i)roperty interests in the welfare of the 

In 1S21 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
.lative State. His course in this convention secured 
ihe approval of men of all [larties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1S27, John Ouincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
.lie Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
.ermined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
'State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the .Senate. Proljably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
.^dams from tlie Presidential chair, and placing in it 
.'Vndreu- J.ickson, as did Martin Van liuien. \Vhether 
enlitleil to the reputation or not, he certainl)' was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians, 
'.t was su[>posed that no one knew so well as he how 
:o touch the secret spiings of action; liow to |iull all 
;ne wires to put his machinery in motion; and hovv to 
organize a political army which would, secredy and 
: tealthily accomplisli the most gigantic results. I'y 
•hese powers it i-. ^aid tliat he outwitted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. \\'elisler, and secured results wliich 
\':\\ thought then could be accomplished. 

'.V ij 1 A 1 ireiv Jackson was elected President he 
■,;i;i .i:itcd \Ir. Van lluren Secretary of Stale. 'I'his 
;«i,i icin he resigned in iSjr, a'ld was immediately 
.i();«inMed Minister to England, where he went the 
■i nn • .Hitnmn. The Se i.itc, however, when it met, 
refcsed to r.itify the nomination, and he letnrned 

home, apparently untroubled; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson ; and with smiles for all and 
frowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite; and this, probably mure than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu 
five. On the 20th of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States, He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. \',in 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power fo appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic part> , 
and brought the President into such disfavor that lie 
failed of re election. 

With the e.xception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van P.uren lived quietly u|ion his estate un'il 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal haljits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which Ik 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Ruren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at LindenwaKl 
he still exerted a powerful infiuence uiion ihepohtics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on, 
the..i4th of July, 1S62, at the age of eighty -ears, he 
resided at Linden wald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoyii g in a heallhy okl 
age, probably far more haiiiiiness than he before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 

'CtT. /^ /%5^2't^^'K^ 

A'/.V 7 7/ rji/-.SJl)F.I\r ■/•. 






>^Si I -, "^(^N', llie niiuh President of 
9 \i r ki "-'^^ L nited States, was born 

1. A\gj J It Berkeley, \'a., Feb. g, 1773. 
His father, lieiij.unin Harri- 
son, was in coui[)aratively op- 
ulent carcumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
i,^f/W^I intimate friend u\ (Icorge 

AV'ashington, w as early elected 
a member of the C'ontinental 
Congress, and was consiiicnous 
among the patriots of \'irginia in 
resisting the encroae.hnientsof the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 

fMr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
i William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society coidd give. Hav- 
ing received a tlioro\igh (-omnion-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
;iien repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianshi|) of 
iiobcrt Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to C.eneral \Vijjne, after whose 
death he resigned his commissioji. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-westenr Territory. 'I'his 
Terrilor)- rt-as then entitled to Init one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill iliat 

In the spring of 1800 the .Vorth-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portii>ns. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called "The Territorv 
north-west of the ( )hio." The western portion, which 
included what is lun^ ( allc<i Indiana, llliiuiis and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, tlien 27 years of age, was a])- 
[winted by John .\dams, Ciovernor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, alscj Covernor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as. 
extensive a realm as any sovereign ujxjn the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Afifairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rai)idly increasing white i)oi)ulation. The ability and 
fidelity with whic h he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times ai)i)ointed to this office — first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were biit 
three white setllementsin that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. One of these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opjxjsite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the thiid a French 

cJi»n the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonsttances of his friends, he settlement, 
aliandoned his medical studies and entered the army. The vast wilderness over which Cov. llarrisci. 
having obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- ' reigned was filled with manv tribes of Indians. Abou' 



the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, OUiwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
of great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had lung regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
anorator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath whicli 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator: he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
tlie Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 2S, 1812, his army began its march. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made for a meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations. Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise 
His troops were posted in a hollow sijuare, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side,and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, l)etween three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians liad crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
Httle army. The savages had been amply provided 
witli guns and ammunition by the Englisli. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-fires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
cus yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
trooiis stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with tlie l.ayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing the foe. 

Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of thenrselves a very formidaliie force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was apix)inted by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re- 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
laslied over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 
before the fire, without bread or salt. 

In 1S16, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member of 
the National House of Representatives, to represent 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved an 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In i8ig, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. K\. the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re -nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these briglit and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on tlie 4th of .April ; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 




-^^i:};^^ ^mm i^tIiEMo 


.■y OHN TYLER, the tenth 
f^ Presidentof the United States. 
He was horn in Charles-city 
t'o., \'a., Mari-li 29. 1790. lie 
was the favored child of al- 
fluence anil high social po- 
sition. .At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. .Vfter 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with jjreat assiduity to the 
study of law, [jarily with his 
father and putly with T'dniinul 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of \'irginia. 

At nineteen years of age, ne 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was ra|)id and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
I et of tlie court in which he was 

net retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Lagiplature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and v.armly advocated the measures of 
lelTerson and Madison. For five s\iccessive years he elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his comity. 

When but twenty-six years of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, oiiiX)sing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General <^vem- 

ment, a protective tariff, and advoc.ilnig a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance <jver State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his healtli. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his inllnence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
re|)utation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, (Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cess! iil one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randol[)li, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A jiortion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his op|X)nent, 
considering him the only man in \'irginia of sulTicient 
poi)ularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. T\ler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, \\\io\\ taking his 
seat i:i the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opixjsed the tariff; he s[)oke against and 
voted against tiie bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal ini|)rovenients by the (icn.- 
eral (iovernment, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhomi's view of nullification; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his op|)Osition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the piinciples of the Democratic jiarty. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress, — a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice o) 
his profession. There was a cplit in the Dei>.:ocraii<. 



party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; and it was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
look his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secui;^tbei'" votp, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler for Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the NoUh: but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1 84 1, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus -;und himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his longlife he had been 
opposed tc the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, hone:t man, with an unblemished record, 
(ren. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccommended a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States, 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it wiili 
his veto. He isucaested, however, that he would 

approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessaiy to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his 
ol-d friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratje candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1S45, he retired from the 
harassments of office, to the regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable relief. His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, 1844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, — Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unnsual attractions. With sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hosjiitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own [jrinciples and 
policy had heljied to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to destroy, b" 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
onre presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 


ELE I Eyrn presidext. 


\ AMESK. POLK, the eleventh 
vkl'resident of the United States, 
was born in Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C, Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 


-f^. ents were Samuel and Jane 

/ (Kno.\) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above jilace, as one of the 

first [jioneers, in 1735. 

In the year i3o6, with his wile 
and children, ai-,d soon after fol- 
lowed by most of the members ot 
the Polk fainly, Samuel Pulk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of tlie Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huis, 
and established their homes. In I lie 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
' gradually increased in wealth until 

he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong coimium 
sense and earnest [liety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
i)im methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 

sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disaiJixjintinei.t. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the e.\treiiie. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor whicli could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of i<Si5, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exeniplaiy of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 

He graduated in 181S, with the highest honois,be«> 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, litiiii in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenly- 
three years of age. Mr. Polk's health was at ihi- 
time much impaired by the assiduity with whic li lie 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
rela.xation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix C/rundy, to study law. Here Mr. Poll 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had jirobably beei 
slightly accpiainted before. 

.Mr. Polk's father was a Jeffersonian Republican 
and lames K. Polk ever adhered to the same jjoliii- 
cal faith. He was a popular pulilic speaker, and w::, 
constantly called u])on to address the meetings of l.i . 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such tl:; r 
he was [X3i)ulady called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial aid 



courterus in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
natu'"e in the jojs and griefs of others whichever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1S23, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, — a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinuec' in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of I'^nnessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
merober, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous ; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvassed the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 14th of Octo- 
ber, I S39, took the oath of office at Nashville. Ini84i, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, iS45,Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the country in favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the .American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message. President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 

with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and wa: 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk.- The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of "invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It v.'as by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower C;d- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of ilie 
sizeof New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the LInion. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the i)roserution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of M.irch, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good ^\'ith an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic lic^ 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long year^ 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera — that fearful scourge — was then sweeping u|i 
the Valley of the Mississi|ipi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15th of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourtli 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 




%] President of the United States, 
l^'^was born on the 24tii of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Ya. His 
3« father, Colonel Taylor, was 
a Yirginian of note, and a dis- 
tni_,nished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father with his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. \\\ this front- 
ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjo)- hut few social and educational advan- 
tages. U'hen six years of age he attended a common 
5cha)l, and was then regarded as a. bright, ac:tive boy, 
father remarkable for bhnitness and decision of cliar- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
■nanifesled a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely i)lantation. 
\\\ 1S08, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troojis which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Sniitli, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Kng- 
iand, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had tlien been 
[iromoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison, on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
;ed by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 

company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom Were sick. 

lvirl\ in the auttnun of iSu, llie Indians, stealthily, 
and in large mmibers, moved upon the fort. Tlic.i 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylui 
made every possible preparation to meet the antic 1- 
paled assault. On the 4th of September, a band ol 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. 'I'aylor that 
in the morning their chief woidd come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The Sim went down; the savages disappeareti. tiie 
garrison slept upon their arms. t)ne hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand liii-. 
in the forest around, followeil by the discliarge oi 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. I-^very man, sick 
and well, sprang to liis post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of ca|i- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until si.K o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages tlien, baflled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for tiiis gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major i)y brevet. 

Until the close of the war, MajorTwslor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into lire de|)lhsof the 
wilderness, to F'ort Crawford, on I'ox River, wliich 
empties into Oreen Bay. Here there w,is Imt lillle 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank ot" 
colonel. In the Black-Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to com]3el 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
hac^ promised they should do. The services rendered 
he^e secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
tc , he rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula. Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
r.nd was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
.\labama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
imposed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United .States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo .^Ito and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the Ijattles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
x\\e. sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Visla 
;pread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful po]Jularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen to it; de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
sffice. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had net cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long years in the pulilic service found 
•l.iir claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 

had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palraa, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, — 
Gen. Cass and E.\-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy , expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 

In the midst of all these troubles. Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the 9th of July, 1S50. 
His last words were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people ; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoiouglily acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: — " With a good store ot 
common sense. Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
(]uence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head ; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, — in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
'touch with a pair of tongs.' 

".A.ny allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. Inshor^ 
few men have ever had a more comfortab'le, lauc;- 
saving contempt for learning of every kind." 

t^c^^/s J (-'C.^t^a-T^cxTlM 



'h- * '^ 

■Jj, '---.f s ^ 




^^Sf i ^ \ ♦ Ife-^ 


'resident of the United 
'^- ^ttles, liLirn at Suiniiier 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. V., on 
tilt 7th of January, iSoo. His 
*^ fuller was a fanner, and ou-- 
in^ to misfortune, in liunilile cir- 
cunist mces. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. .Miiathar Millard, 
^\, of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she jwssessed an intellect 
ofverj'high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1S31 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
'neans of his father, Millard enjoyed but slepder ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
:.nd expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy ; 
intelligent, good-looking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an u[)right character. 
W hen fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Neai- the mill there was a small villiage, where some 

enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to \oung Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate 
and the selections which he made were continually 
more elevating and instructive. He read history 
biography, oratory, and thus gradually there was en- 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something myre 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he w^as be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so hap])ened tha', 
there was a gentleman in tlie neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, — Judge Walter 
W'ooil, — who was struck with the itrepossessing an- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
10 friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very' imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion abou'. 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if lie has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university hall ■■ 
Hnd then enters a law oflfice, who is by no means is 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he v/as 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise iji fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, — Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
graduallv attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Piuffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1S29, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Thougli he had never taken a very active 
|)art in nolitics, his \'ute and his sympathies were witli 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a lielplcss minority in the 
Legishilurc, still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, aliilily and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degri e the respect of his associates. 

In the autimin of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
Ihe United States Congress He entered that troubled 
irena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, whicli he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. .\fter a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave him stiength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear uijon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 

Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in tiumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
namesofZachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, 1849, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the 9th of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillmore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacy of all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmore's adminstration, and the Japan Expeditioii 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1S56, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ri])e 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874. 


'^/^l^iy'^ ife?^ 


^'•FRftNKLIN PIERCE.'^ ^#rl<iO»>- 



"i'. ■ ^1 



Ijurtcenth President of the 
' L' lilted States, was born in 
Hillsborous;!!, N. H., Nov. 
^3, 1S04. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in tlic 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
st''ong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an unconipromis- 
nig Democrat. The mother of 
1-rinklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, — an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Cliristian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked uix)n him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, witli a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1S20, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most ]X)pular young men in the college. 
The purity cf his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 

genial nature, rendered him a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of jiis 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

U|)on graduating, in the year 1S24, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great ])rivate worth. Th<i 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and thelirilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. Witli all 
tlie ardor of his nature he es[)0used the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for tlie Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. \Vithout taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associalad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834, he married Miss Jane 
Means Ap[)leton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with which her husband was honoied. Of the 



three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. Pie also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-yeneral, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1S47. 
He took an important [)art in this war, proving him- 
self a lirave and true soldier. 

When Cien. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
very frequenlly taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their i>lans. 

On tlie r 2th of June, 1S52, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in tliirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for (fen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought fjrward his name. There were fourteen 
move ballotings, during which (ien. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Cen. Winfield Scott was 
the AVhig candidate, (".en. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States — Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee — cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pieice 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United' 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 

His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be- 
tween slavery and freedom was*^hen approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an " irrepressible conflict " between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
Uulies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
atone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slavery party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1.S69. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 

'tZy/yz^j (2'<:::/u^ 




ANFES BUCHANAN', tlie fil- 
iceiilh President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot ut" the 
eastern ridge of tlie Alleyha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Peini.,on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The ;'lace 
where the hiimlile cabin of his 
tither sticid was called Stony 
^i Ijatter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic s|)Ot in a gorireof the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a !!ative of the north ol Ireland; 
a poor man, who had emigrated in 
1783, with little property save his 
Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscLire part in the d-rama of life. In this se- 
tliided home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantag' s. Wiien James was eight years of age, liis 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His api)!ication 
to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 

own strong arm^ 

allied liim to master the most abstruse subjects willi 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and grac:eful, vigorous in Iiealth, fond of 
athletic sport, an luierring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1S12, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-si.K years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e ot tiie 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeaclirnent. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
ten years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
([uired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, \\\X)n his elevation to the Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, wiiich 
gave satisfaction to all parties. U[X)n his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster. 
Clay, Wright and Calhoun. He advocated t^e meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of ni .Ixng repn- 



s.iln, a^.iiast France, to enforce the payment of our 
clanris .lif.iiii^t that country; and defended the course 
oftlie PrcilJent in his unprecedented and wiiolesale 
rem jval froui office of those wiio were not the sup- 
porters of his adininistralion. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct colHsion w'ith Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from tlie journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly lie opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the jirohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on tiie subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the I'eply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the suljject. " Congress," 
said he, "might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now e.\ists." 

Upon Mr. Polk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces liy the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio (Irande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government ijursuedin that 

Mr. ISnchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the p,;rpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brouglit all the energies of his mind 
to fiear against the W'ilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1850, 
which included the f\igiiive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
u:;on his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with tlic mission to England. 

In the year 1S56, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nouiinated ^Ir. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
eived 114 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The po[iular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th. 1S57, iMr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
"ears were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
;ei-.. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in iiolitical principles and action for years, were 
S'ijking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slaverv. 
In this eineri;en-.v, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 

ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws 
he could not, without perjmy of the grossest kind, 
unite With those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents, of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol a 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory ol 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offer thei. 
far more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow- 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhiljitions of governmental iiri- 
becility was exhibited the world has^ ever seen. He 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. 'I"hif 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, will, 
his hand upon his swoixi hilt, he exclaimed, " The 
Union must and shall be ])reserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, i860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston: Fort Sumpter 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized ; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looked 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame,' 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumih over the flag of the rebellion. 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 











sixteenth I'lesident of the 
JLnitcd States, was born in 
H irdin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
I S09. About the year 17 So, a 
ni m by the name of .\brahani 
"^ Lincohi left' N'irs^inia uilh his 
fnnih and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two vears 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily ap|)ro;:ched b)' 
an Indian andshot dead. His widow- 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of .\braham Lincoln, the 
' I'resideiit of the United .States 

vvhor,e name must henceforth foi-ever be enrolled 
wiih the nios' prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the |X)orest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin ; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a frieiid- 
.ess. wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus s|)ent the whole of his youth as a 
'aborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buili a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
da. ighter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Aljraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
".Ml !h:it I am, or hope to be," exclaims the gratc- 
lul son "I owe to my angel-mother. 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 

cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana \\'here 
two years later his mother died. 

Abrahiim soon became the scribe of tlie uneducalcd 
cominuiiity around him. He coukl not have had •; 
better school tlian this to leach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader, 'i'he 
books he could obtain were few ; but tliese he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly family 
was the usual lot of humanily. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Saiah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
'I'homas Lincoln sold out his sipiatter's claim in 1S30, 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and their 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
lie announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly temperate; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating li(pior to pass his lips. .And he had read in 
Ciod's word, "Thou shalt not take the name of ihfi 
Lord thy Cod in vain;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young .\braham worked for a time as a hired laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat. 
In (his he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
ihe Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
si^sipjii to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this advcn- 




tare 111-, umployeis were so well pleased, that upon 
las ret.iiLi tney placed a store and mill under his care. 

I.i 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, was a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
jackbon the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
lie chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1S34 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
iMr. Stuart a load (jf books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hiinthed miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 Ihe great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1S56, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Doughis in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable p.irt of his histoiy- The issue was on the 
ilavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
.he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th ol June, 1S60. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. ,\n immense building called "The 
AVigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candid;ites for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
orominent. It was generally supi)osed he would be 
the nominee, Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to wliich that nomination doomed him: 
and aslittledid he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fi.x upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in tlie affections of his countrymen, second 
cnly, if second, to that of Wasliington. 

Election day cnme and Mr. Lincoln received rSo 
electoral votes out of 20:; cast, and, therefore, 
constitulion.illv elected President nflhe llnlted States. 
The tirade of abuse that vas [lOured upon this good 

and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was froughl 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to "get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and harid-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with tlieirCon- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraijh-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great a«.\iety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr, Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important |)ositions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving ujjon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, bo*h personal and national. Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in i86r, however, plans had Ijeen 
made fjr his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. .April i.j, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, with his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. W'hile listening to 
the ])lay an actor by the name of John AVilkes Booth 
entered the bo.x where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bidlet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 

Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in spieechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of Washington's, iis father; hisco'-.ntry- 
men being unable to decide whi. U is tl^e greater. 


sEVics rtEA' 1 u j'/ij-:^jniii\ t. 


tecath President of the United 
^States. The eady lif of 
Andrew Jolinson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
7 was horn December 29, 180S, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to tiie class of the 
"l)Oor whites " of the South, -"ere 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even tiie slight- 
est advantages of education uiwn 
their child. Wlien Ar.drew was five 
_\ ears of age, his father accidentally 
lost iiis life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtainetl her living witli 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was i.: the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. .Xiidrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much intere.sted 
in these speeches; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong deinre to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to tlie alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-wotkmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner. 

pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the boot 
l)ut assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. L'nder sucli slifficulties he pressed Oi. 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve houis 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreatior to devote such time -vs he could to 

He went to Tennessee m iS;6, and located a' 
Greenville, where lie married a young lady who jxjs 
sessed some education. Under her instructions hi* 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Oreenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
ixjsition he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs; iilentifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and \v. 
i<S4o "stumped the State," advocating Martin "* an 
Huren's claims to the Tresidcncy, in opposition to thos . 
of ("ren. Harrison. In this caniitaign he acquired mucl; 
readiness as a sjieaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; in 1843, ht 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that im[X)riant jxjst for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, anfl 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these resi)onsible |K)si 
lions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abi. 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United .States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the anne.xation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1B50, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the free States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was neverashamedof his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir," 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston-Baltimore convention of iSuj, ne 
P7as the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of the South- 
frn Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
fhey do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter iiKonsistency with, and the most violent 

opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotent!;-, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the day s of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until T875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the speciai 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1S75, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 3r, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect 


y^ i2>--<^ 


EfGU 7 J:i-.\ J II I ■j<!/:sjjj/:A-r. 




'•) ui^hteenth President of the 
^'•' United States, was born on 
the 29th of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
3oiid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and e.xasperating 

The war wth Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resacade la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exix)sed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Lidians, 
grasped the mane of his horse, and hanging \\\ion one 
side of the anipvil, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 

From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
10 aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed ipiartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevettcd captain at Cha- 

At the close of the Mexican War, Cajjt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment lo Xew York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discover)- of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Port Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the i)rotectibn of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered uix)n the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Ixiuis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year i860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumptcr reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, — 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready todischarge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Caj)t. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
Stale in beh.ilf of the Government. On the ii;th of 



June, t86i, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 
victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a M.njor-General, and the military 
district of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
Dushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 
terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and tlie 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far tlie most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lo&kout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter \\\)0\\ '.''•■ duties of his new office. 

Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
ihe army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago. 
May 21, 1 868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term. Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finislied its deadly work, and July 23, ; 
18S5, the nation wenf in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 






-.^1 •..'.'V.VT.'i'V.i 



I'-gii'^'^t^'^'^j', ; I'^v 

,'1' ; l' ■'ii'ijjlXt'jii'i: 


"■""'^^^'i-G^^y^f^.^- .^"/yf^^^^^^^**^' 

the nineteenth President of 
"the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as far back as 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
fBaliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
' and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune ovt:t<aking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in i6;io, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George wa; born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his li.'e. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turerof scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel and grandfather of President Hayes, was 
l)orn in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an uiiknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes the father of President Hayes, was 

born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., wiiose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best fanilies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back tc 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 181 2, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermor;t to Ohio in that day 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in 1817. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver~ 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 


subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time " if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
nim, said in a bantering way, " That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he would really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. "You 
vait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1S25, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 

The boy was seven years old before he wont to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education; and as the buy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletown, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

lunnediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduatmg at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 

In 1849 he moved to Cincmnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence upon his suhse- 
(;uent life. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Welib, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men a.s'^hief Justice Salmon P. Cliase, 

Geu. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she toreflecthonor upon American woman 
hood. The Literary Cluu brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display *:he 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas ; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office o) 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1S61, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional I'f,. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sunqjter found him eager to take 'in 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright and illustrious. In 
October, 186 1, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and 
in August, 1 86 2, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battle 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to art as Brigadier-General, and placed 
HI command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetted 
Major-General, "forgallant and distinguished Fervices 
during the campaigns of 1864. in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1S64, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not presoit during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never come to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

Ir. 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thumian, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
Ha was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

]n 1876 he was the standard L-eaier of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
augurated Monday, March 5, 1S75. He served his 
full term, not, hcwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his admii;\stration was an average on.= 

,-*> ' ">S.i, 



VMES A. ClARFIELl), uvcn- 
tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. 19, 
I S3 1, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
V ■-- ^ / ents were Abram and Khza 

'■ S^jI^ (Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
i, tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 

The house in which James A. was 
:iorn was not unlike the houses of 
poor CJhio farmers of that day. It 
...IS about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
.ween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
lard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
.;leared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
i"he household comprised the father and mother and 
iieir four children — Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
'ames. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
.racted in helping to put .out a forest fire, died. At 
ihis time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
fell how much James was indebted to his brother's 
toil and self sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in -Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anytliing that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in he' 'Struggles to keep the little family to- 

geliier. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sureof the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of want and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young (airfield until hi 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain o.f 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with th ^ 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtair 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city 
After making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting wilii 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he wen' 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
llie meantime, and doing other work. Tiiis school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to heli) pay his way. 
He then became lioth teaclier and inijiil. He soon 
" exiiausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in tlie 
fall of T854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above slated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pul[)it and [ilaces where 
he liappened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, I'residL-Pt of 
Vale College, says of him in reference; to Iiis reliuioii : 




" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Ciirist and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
:ny judgment there is no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called' show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
:!uirch of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
tarian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. ii, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
v/hom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in iS6r was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut.-Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14,1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
(Humphrey M-.rsliall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, J-in. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest General in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a memberof tiie 
General CouIt-^Llrtial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the " Chief of Staff." 

The military lu'story of Gen. Garfield closed with 

his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gew Garfield wa» 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty years 
mainly by two men — Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in thai 
body. Thert; he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before & 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to whici 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu- 
inent on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Uixjn Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in tlie following November, and on 
March 4, i88r, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Garfield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the peoijle, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way and at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Blaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but in.licting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. For eighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his magnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons — how to live grandly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J., on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the fous deed. 


7 ■ IVEjy T Y-FIRS T PRESIDE.\ 1 . 


J^rr C^MMSIFM]^ &. ^HiriMMM, 




I/) twentv-first I'rcsi'Lm uf the 

g) United States was born in 

Fvanklin Com' ty, \'crmont, on 

the fifth of Oc'ol)cr, 1830, and is 

the oldest uf a family of two 

''/' sons and five daughters. His 

father was the Rev. Dr. ^\■illianl 

Arthur, a Baptistd ,rgyman, who 

emigrated to tl?.s country from 

\^ the county Ant;im, Ireland, in 

his 18th year, and died in 1875, in 

Newtonville, neai Albany, after a 

long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, S( henectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
|'f| in Vermont for two years, and at 
the e.xpiration cf that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his pocket, 
and entered the ofifice of ex-Judge 
^ E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry 0. Cardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward nwrpd the daughter of Lieutenant 

Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthurs 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
liecii declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon- 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
wliich theii went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare. 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of S500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies tjuickly 


followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war lie was Judge-Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, uf that State, appointed hun Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reiiutation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always look a leading part in State and city 
politics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1S72, to suc- 
ceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1 87 8, when he was succeeded by Collector Mcrritt. 

Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed 'oi the ' jading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all alile men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finallv Gen. Garfield re- 
ctived the nomination for Piesident and Gen. Arthur 
tor Vice-President. The campaign wiiich followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country, (ien. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic part\, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
.vas Garfield and .Arthur. They were inaugurated 
i'.Iavcii 4, iSXi, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, — those moments of 
anxious suspense, vvhen the hearts of all civilized na- 

tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr, 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the teriri he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in the world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field front further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the ^'ice President to assume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York, 
Sept. 20, 1 88 1. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what lie would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until tlie 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
\ention at Chicago, and was received with great 
lavor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, wliom lie had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 

C^I^t^rUy^ C/-C<.^/g 







LAND, the twenty- second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little two-and-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
-^ the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
-Jj«t^l)\ trast with the Old Wodd, where all 
x^^^^/!'^ men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie Canal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 

emphatic desire to be s'ent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a iMsition in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in. 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke uptlie family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accejit, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 


calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
Ihere was some charm in that name for him; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
isk the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
cpeak enthusiastically. "What is it you want to do, 
my boy.'" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply, "Good gracious!" remarked 
the old gentleman ; " do you, indeed .'' What ever put 
that into your head.' How much money have you 
got.*' 'Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd- keeper, at $50 a 
year, wriile he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, 'and told Ihem what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
ne was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 
liave the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was a long and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
slioes were out of repair and his overcoat — he had 
none — yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of cleiks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
Dut indue time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. '' Let us quit talking and go and do 
t," was practically his motlo. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
ejected was that of Siieriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishment upon two 
criminals. In iSSi he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, ou ilie Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 

in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract: "This is a time for 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people? and to worse 
than squander the people's money," The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1S82, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
II, 18S4, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1SS5, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi ; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 






"*^ i'^' 



uwenty-third I'l-esidcnl, is 
tlio ilesceiulant of one of the 
histoiical families of tliis 
country. The head of the 
family was a INInjoi- < uncial 
Harrison, one of Oliver 
Cromwell's trusted follow- 

** ers and fighters. In the zenith of Crom- 
well's power it became the duty of this 
Harrison to particijiate in the trial of 
Charles I. and afterward to sign the 
deaili warrant of the king. He subse- 
quently paid for this with his life, being 
hung Oct. 13, 1G60. His descendants 
came to America, and the next of the 
family that appears in historj- is Benja- 
:-.:in Harrison, of Virginia, great-grand- 
father of the subject of this sketch, and 
after wbom he was named. Benjamin Harrison 
was a member of the Continental Congress during 
the years i774-5-G, and was one of the original 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. He 
was three times elected Governor of Virginia. 
Gen William Henry Harrison, the son of the 

distinguished patriot of the Revolution, after a suc- 
cessful career as a soldier during the War of 1812, 
and with -a clean record as Governor of the North- 
western Territor}^, was elected President of the 
United States in 1840. His career was cut short 
by death within one month r.fter his inauguration. 
President Harrison was born at North Bend, 
Hamilton Co., Ohio, Aug. .■^0, 18;:>.3 His life up to 
the time of his graduation bj' the Miami University, 
at Oxford, Ohio, was the uneventful one of a. coun- 
try lad of a family of small means. His father was 
able to give him a good education, and nothing 
more. He became engaged while at college to ths 
daughter of Dr. Scott, Principal of a female schoo. 
at Oxford. After graduating he determined to en- 
ter upon the studj^ of the law. He went to Cin 
cinnati and then read law for two years. At the 
expiration of that time young Harrison receiv. d tt"; 
only inheritance of his life ; his aunt dying left liim 
a lot valued at §800. He regarded this legacy as t. 
fortune, and decided to get married at once, taks 
this money and go to some Eastern town an' oe- 
gin the practice of law. He sold his lot, and with 
the money in his pocket, he started out wita his 
j-uung wife to fight for a place in tlie world. Ke 


isEiVdAMiN ilARfilSON. 

cieciilcd to go to Indianapolis, which was even at 
ihat time a town of promise, lie met witli sliglit 
encouragement at first, mailing scarcely an^-tliing 
tlie first j-oar. lie worked diligent!}-, ai)pl3-ing him- 
self closely to his calling, built up an extensive 
practice and took a leading rank in the legal pro- 
-'ession. He is the father of two children. 

In 18GC I\Ir. Harrison was nonjinated for tlie 
position of Supreme Court Reporter, and +,'ien be- 
gan his experience as a stump speake: He can- 
vassed tlie .State thoroughly, and was elected by a 
handsome majority. In 18G2 he raised the 17th 
Indiana Infantry, and was chosen its Colonel. His 
regiment was composed of the rawest of material, 
out Ctil. Harrison emp[o3'ed all his time at liist 
mastering military tactics and drilling his men, 
when he therefore came to move towar<l the East 
with .Sherman his regiment was one of the best 
drilled and organized in the army. At Resaca he 
especially distinguished himself, and for his bravery 
r.t, Peachtree Creek he was made a Brigadier Gen- 
eral, Gen. Hooker speaking of him in the m(.)st 
C'omplimentarj' terms. 

During the absence of Gen. Harrison in the field, 
he Supreme Court declared the ollice of the Su- 
preme Court Rei)orter vacant, and another i)erson 
was elected to the position. From the time of leav- 
irsf Indiana with his regiment nutil the fall of 1.SC4 
he had taken no leave of absence, but having lieen 
nominated that year for the same office, he got a 
thirty-day leave of absence, and during that time 
made a brilliant canvass of the State, and was elected 
for another teirn. He then started to rejoin Sher- 
2ian,buton the way was stricken down with scarlet 
:ever, and after a most trying siege made his way 
to the front in time to participate in the closing 
tncidents of the war. 

In 18G8Gen. Harrison declmed • re-election as 
:€porter, and resumed the practice of law_ In 187(". 
£6 was a candidate for Governor. Although de- 
; eated, the brilliant campaign he made won for him 
a National reputation, and he was much sought, es- 
peciai.y in the East, to make speeches. In 18.S(), 
as usuni, he took an active i)art in tiie camiiaign, 
un(\ wiv elected to the United .States Senate. Here 
ne serve. 1 sis years, and vas known as one of the 
ablest men, best lawyer-^ ..mi sli'onge^t debateis in 

that body. With the expiration of his Senatorial 
term he returned to the practice of his profession, 
becoming the head of one of the strongest firms in 
the State. 

The political campaign of 1888 was one of the 
most memorable in the history of our countr^^ The 
convention which assembled in Chicago in June and 
named Mr. Harrison as the chief standard bearer 
of the Republican party, was in ever}' partic- 
ular, and on this account, and the attitude it as- 
sumed upon the vital questions of the day, chief 
among which was the tariff, awoke a deep interest 
in the campaign throughout the Nation. Shortly 
after the nomination delegations began to visit Mr. 
Harrison at Indianapolis, his home. This move- 
ment became popular, and from all sections of the 
countr}' societies, clubs and deleg.ations journeyed 
tliitiier to p.ay their respects to the distinguished 
statesman. The popularity of these was greatly 
increased on account of the remarkable speeches 
made by Mr. Harrison. He spoke daily all through 
the summer and autumn to these visiting delega- 
tions, and so varied, masterly and eloquent were 
his speeches that they at once placed him in the 
fdremost rank of American orators and statesmen. 

On account of his eloquence as a speaker and his 
power as a deb.ater, he was called upon at an uu- 
c(nnmonly early age to t.ake part in the discussion 
(if llie great questions that then began t.) agitate 
the counlry. He an uncompromising ant: 
slavery man. and was matched against some of tiie 
n-.ost eminent DenK.cratic speakers of his State. 
Xo man \vlio felt the touch of his blade desired to 
be [litU'd with him again. "Willi all his eloq-'ence 
as an orator he never spoke for or.atorie.a'i etfect, 
but his worils always went like liullets to the mark 
lie is purely ^Vmerican in his ideas and is a spier 
did typ<' <if the -Vmerican statesman, (iifled will 
([uick pen (ption, alogical mind and a ready tongue, 
he is (ine of the most distinguished impromptu 
si)eaki'rs in tlie Nation. Many of these sipeeches 
sparkled with the rarest of eloquence and contained 
arguments of greatest weight. Manj' of his terse 
statements have already become aijhorisms. Origi- 
nal in thought, precise in logic, terse in statement, 
yet withal faultless in eloquence, he is recogTiized as 
the sound statesman and bril'ian*:. or.-itor o* the day 


-7' Y-"^- '.-^ .jv^,-* wV^-^fiV 



V H\I)RACH BOND, the Inst 
Ciovernor of Illinois after its 
or^mizatioii as a State, serving 
from iSi8 to 1822, was born in 
tiedelick County, Maryland, 
in the year 1773, and was 
lai-^ed a farmer on his father's 
l)lantation, receiving only a plain 
English education. He emigrated 
to this State in 1794, when it was a 
part of the "Northwest Territorj," 
continuing in the vocation in which 
he had been brought up in his native 
State, in the " New Design," near 
Engle Creek, in what is now Monroe 
County. He served several terms as 
a member of the General Assembly 
of Indiana Territory, after it was organized as such, 
and ill 1812-14 he was a Delegate to the Twelfth 
and Thirteenth Congresses, taking his seat Dec. 3, 
1812, and serving until Oct. 3, 1814. These were 
the times, the reader will recollect, when tiiis Gov- 
ernment had its last struggle with Great Britain. 
The year 1812 is also noted in the history of this 
State as that in which the first Territorial Legislature 
was held. It convened at Kaskaskia, Nov. 25, and 
adjourned Dec. 26, following. 

While serving as Delegate to Congress, Mr. Bond 
was instrumental in procuring the right of prc-cmp 
tion on the public domain. On the expiration of his 
term at Washington he was appointed Receiver of 
Public Moneys at Kaskaskia, then the capital of ihe 
Territory. In company wiih John G. Comyges, 

Thomas H. Harris, Charles Slade, Michael Jones. 
Warren Brown, Edward Humphries and Charles W 
Hunter, he became a proprietor of the site of the 
initial city of Cairo, which they hoped, from its favor- 
able location at the junction of the two greai 
rivers near the center of the Great West, would 
rapidly develop into a metropolis. To aid the enter- 
prise, they obtained a special charter from the Legis- 
lature, incori)orating both the City and the Bank of 

In r8i8 Mr. Bond was elected the first Governor 
of the State of Illinois, being inaugurated Oct. 6 
that year, which was several weeks before Illinois 
was actually admitted. The facts are these : In 
January, 1818, the Territorial Legislature sent a peti- 
tion to Congress for the admission of Illinois as a 
State, Nathaniel Pope being then Delegate. The 
petition was granted, fi.ving the northern line of the 
State on the latitude of the southern e.Ktremity of 
Lake Michigan; but the bill was afterward so amend- 
ed as to e.\tend this line to its present latitude. In 
(uly a convention was called at Kaskaskia to draft a 
constitution, which, however, was not submitted to 
the jjeople. By its provisions, supreme judges, pros 
ecuting attorneys, county and circuit judges, record- 
ers and justices of the peace were all to be appointed 
by the Governor or elected by the Legislature. This 
constitution was accepted by Congress Dec. 30. At 
that time Illinois com[)rised but eleven counties, 
namely, Randolph, Madison, (iallatin, Johnson, 
Pope, Jackson, Crawford, Bond, Union, Washington 
and Franklin, the northern jwrtion of the State be- 
ing mainly in Madison County. Thus it apiiears 
that Mr. Bond was honored by tlie naming of a 


county before he was elected Governor. The present 
county of Bond is of small limitations, about 60 to So 
miles south of Springfield. For Lieutenant Governor 
the people chose Pierre Menard, a prominent and 
worthy Frenchman, after whom a county in this State 
is named. In this election there were no opposition 
candidates, as the popularity of these men had made 
their promotion to the chief offices of the S^ate, even 
before the constitution was drafted, a foregone con- 

The principal points that excited the people in 
reference to political issues at this period were local 
or "internal improvements," as they were called. 
State banks, location of the capital, slavery and the 
personal characteristics of the proposed candidates. 
Mr. Bond represented the "Convention party," for 
introducing slavery into the State, supported by Elias 
Ken Kane, his Secretary of State, and John Mc- 
Lean, while Nathaniel Pope and John P. Cook led 
the anti-slavery element. The people, however, did 
not become very much excited over this issue until 
1820, when the fimjas Missouri Compromise was 
adopted by Congress, limiting slav^ery to the south 
of the parallel of 36° 30' except in Missouri. While 
this measure settled the great slavery controversy, 
so far as the average public sentiment was tempor- 
arily concerned, until 1854, when it was repealed 
under the le idership of Stephen A. Douglas, the issue 
as considered locally in this State was not decided 
until 1824, after a most furious campaign. (See 
sketch of Gov. Coles.) The ticket of 18 18 was a 
compromise one. Bond representing (moderately) the 
pro-slavery sentiment and Menard the anti-slavery. 

An awkward element in the State government 
under Gov. Bond's administration, was the imperfec- 
tion of the State constitution. The Convention 
wished to have Elijah C. Berry for the fiist Auditor 
of Public Accounts, but, as it was believed that tlie 
new Governor would not appoint him to the office, 
the Convention declared in a schedule that " an 
auditor of public accounts, an attorney general and 
such other officers of the State as may be necessary, 
may be appointed by the General Assembly." The 
Constitution, as it stood, vested a very large aj^point- 
ing power in the Governor; but for the purpose of 
getting one man into office, a total change was made, 
and Uie power vested in the Legislature. Of this 
provision the Legislature took advantage, and de- 

clared that State's attorneys, canal commissioners, 
bank directors, etc., were all " officers of the State" 
and must therefore be appointed by itself independ- 
ently of the Governor. 

During Gov. Bond's administration a general law 
was passed for the incorporation of academies and 
towns, and one authorizing lotteries. The session of 
1822 authorized the Governor to appoint commis- 
sioners, to act in conjunction with like commissioners 
appointed by the State of Indiana, to report on the 
practicability and expediency of improving the navi- 
gation of the Wabash River; also inland navigation 
generally. Many improvements were recommended, 
some of which have been feebly worked at even till 
the present day, those along the Wabash being of no 
value. Also, during Gov. Bond's term of office, the 
capital of the State was removed from Kaskaskia to 
Vandalia. In 1820 a law was passed by Congress 
authorizing this State to open a canal through the 
public lands. The State appointed commissioners 
lo explore the route and prepare the necessary sur- 
veys and estimates, preparatory to its execution; 
but, being unable out of its own resources to defray 
the expenses of the undertaking, it was abandoned 
until some time after Congress made the grant of 
land for the purpose of its construction. 

On the whole. Gov. Bond's administration was 
fairly good, not being open to severe criticism from 
any party. In 1824, two years after the expiration 
of his term of office, he was brought out as a candi- 
date for Congress against the formidable Joim P. 
Cook, but received only 4,374 votes to 7,460 for the 
latter. Gov. Bond was no orator, but had made 
many fast friends by a judicious bestowment of his 
gubernatorial patronage, and these worked zealously 
for him in the campaign. 

In 1 82 7 ex-Gov. Bond was appointed by the Leg- 
islature, with Wm. P. McKee and Dr. Gershom 
Jayne, as Commissioners to locate a site for a peni- 
tentiary on the Mississippi at or near Alton. 

Mr. Bond was of a benevolent and convivial dis- 
position, a man of shrewd observation and clear ap- 
preciation of events. His person was erect, stand- 
ing six feet in height, and after middle life became 
portly, weighing 200 pounds. His features were 
strongly masculine, complexion dark, hair jet and 
eyes hazel ; was a favorite wiili the ladies. He died 
April 1 1, 1S30, in peace and contentment. 

Ld^^^-LcAD Co^cif^ 






DWARI' COLES, second 
( lovernor of Illinois, 1S23- 
6, was born Dec. 15, 1786, 
in Albemarle Co., Va., on 
ihc old family estate called 
" E n niscorthy," o n the 
Green Mountain. His fath- 
Coles, was a Colonel in the 
^oUitionary War. Having been fit- 
ted for college by private tutors, he 
was sent to Hampden Sidney, where 
he remained until the autumn of 1S05, 
when he was removed to William and 
-Mary College, at Williamsburg, Va. 
'^^^ rhis college he left in the summer of 
1807, a short time before the final and graduating 
exami lation. Among his classmates were Lieut. 
Gen. Scott, President John Tyler, Win. S. Archer, 
United States Senator from Virginia, and Justice 
Baldwin, of the United States Supreme Court. Tlie 
President of the latter college, Bishop Madison, was 
a cousin of President James Madison, and that cir- 
cumstance was the occasion of Mr. Coles becoming 
personally acquainted with the President and re- 
ceiving a position as his private secretary, 1809-15. 
The family of Coles was a promirient one in Vir- 
ginia, and their mansion was the seat of the old- 
fashioned Virginian hospitality. It was visited by 
such rotables as Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, tlie Randolphs, Tazewell, Wirt, etc. At the 
age of 23, young Coles found himself heir to a plant- 
ation and a considerable number of slaves. Ever 
since his earlier college days his attention had been 
drawn to the question of slavery. He read every- 

thing on the subject that came in his way, and 
listened to lectures on the rights of man. The more 
he reflected upon the subject, the more impossible 
was it for him to reconcile the immortal declaration 
"that all men are born free and equal " with the 
practice of slave-holding. He resolved, therefore, to 
free his slaves the first opportunity, and even remove 
his residence to a free State. One reason which de- 
termined him to accept the appointment as private 
secretary to Mr. Madison was because he believed 
that through the acquaintances he could make at 
AVasliington he could better determine in what part 
of the non-slaveho!ding portion of the Union he would 
prefer to settle. 

The relations between Mr. Coles and President 
Madison, as well as Jefferson and other distinguished 
men, were of a very friendly character, arising from 
the similarity of their views on the question of slavery 
and their sympathy for each other in holding doc- 
trines so much at variance with the prevailing senti- 
ment in their own State. 

In 1857, he resigned his secretarysiiip and spent a 
portion of the following autumn in exploring the 
iMorthwest Territory, for the purpose of finding a lo- 
cation and purchasing lands on which to settle his 
negroes. He traveled with a horse and buggy, with 
an extra man and horse for emergencies, through 
many parts of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, 
determining finally to settle in Illinois. At this time, 
however, a misunderstanding arose between our 
Government and Russia, and Mr. Coles was selected 
to repair to St. Petersburg on a special mission, bear- 
ing important papers concerning the matter at issue. 
The result was a conviction of the Emperor (Alex- 



ander) of the error committed by his minister at 
Washington, and the consequent withdrawal of the 
tlie latter from the post. On his return, Mr. Coles 
visited other parts of Europe, especially Paris, where 
he was introduced to Gen. Lafayette. 

In the Sj)ring of 1819, he removed with all his 
negroes from Virginia to Edwardsville, 111., with the 
intention of giving them their liberty. He did not 
make known to them his intention until one beautiful 
morning in April, as they were descending the Ohio 
River. He lashed all the boats together and called 
all the negroes on deck and made them a short ad- 
dress, concluding his remarks by so expressing him- 
self that by a turn of a sentence he proclaimed in 
ihe shortest and fullest manner that they were no 
longer slaves, but free as he was and were at liberty 
to proceed with him or go ashore at their pleas- 
ure. A description of tlie effect upon the negroes is 
best described in his own language : 

"The effect upon them was electrical. They stared 
at n-.e and then at each other, as if doubting the ac- 
curacy or reality of what they heard. In breathless 
silence they stood before me, unable to utter a word, 
but with countenances beaming with expression which 
no words could convey, and which no language 
can describe. As they began to see the truth of 
what they had heard, and realize their situation, there 
came on a kind of hysterical, giggling laugh. After 
a pause of intense and unutterable emotion, bathed 
in tears, and with tremulous voices, they gave vent to 
their gratitude and implored the blessing of God 
on me." 

Before landing he gave them a general certificate 
of freedom, and afterward conformed more particu- 
larly with the law of this State requiring that each 
individual should have a certificate. This act of 
Mr. Coles, all the more noble and heroic considering 
the overwhelming pro-slavery influences surrounding 
him, has challenged the admiration of every philan- 
thropist of modern times. 

March 5, 1819, President Monroe appointed Mr. 
Coles Registrar of the Land Office at EdwardsviLe, 
at that lime one of the principal land offices in the 
State. While acting in this capacity and gaining 
many friends by his politeness and general intelli- 
gence, the greatest struggle that ever occurred in 
Illinois on the slavery quesiion culminated in tlie 
furious contest characterizing the campaigns and 
elections of 1822-4. In the summer of 1823, when a 
new Governor was to be elected to succeed Mr. 
Bond, the pro-slavery element divided into factions, 
putting forward for the e,\ecutive office Joseph 
Phillips, Cliief Justice of the State, Thomas C. 
Browne and Gen. James B. Moore, of the State Mil- 
itia. The anti-slavery element united upon Mr. 
Coles, and, after one of the most bitter campaigns, 
succeeded in electing him as Governor. His phiral- 
ity over Judge Phillips was only 59 in a total vote of 

over 8,000. The Lieutenant Governor was elected 
by the slavery men. Mr. Coles' inauguration speech 
was marked by calmness, deliberation and such a 
wise expression of appropriate suggestions as to 
elicit the sanction of all judicious politicians. But 
he compromised not with evil. In his message to 
the Legislature, the seat of Government being then 
at Vandalia, he strongly urged the abrogation of the 
modified form of slavery whi'-.h then existed in this 
State, contrary to the Ordinance of 1787. His posi- 
tion on this subject seems the more remarkable, when 
it is considered that he was a minority Governor, the 
population of Illinois being at that time almost ex- 
clusively from slave-holding States and by a large 
majority in favor of the perpetuation of that old relic 
of barbarism. The Legislature itself was, of course, 
a reflex of the popular sentiment, and a majority of 
them were led on by fiery men in denunciations of 
the conscientious Governor, and in curses loud and 
deep upon him and all his friends. Some of the 
public men, indeed, went so far as to head a sort of 
mob, or "shiveree" party, who visited the residence 
of the Governor and others at Vandalia and yelled 
and groaned and spat fire. 

The Constitution, not establishing or permitting 
slavery in this State, was thought therefore to be 
defective by the slavery politicians, and they desired 
a State Convention to be elected, to devise and sub- 
mit a new Constitution; and the dominant politics 
of the day was "Convention" and "anti-Conven- 
tion." Both parties issued addresses to the people. 
Gov. Coles himself being the author of the address 
published by the latter party. This address revealed 
the schemes of the conspirators in a masterly .nan- 
ner. It is difficult for us at this distant day to esti- 
mate the critical and extremely delicate situation in 
which the Governor was placed at that time. 

Our hero maintained himself honorably and with 
supreme dignity throughout his administration, and 
in his honor a county in this State is named. He 
was truly a great man, and those who lived in 
this State during his sojourn here, like those who 
live at the base of the mountain, were too near to see 
and recognize the greatness that overshadowed them. 

Mr. Coles was married Nov. 28, 1833, by Bishop 
De Lancey, to Miss Sally Logan Roberts, a daughter 
of Hugh Roberts, a descendant of Welsh ancestry, 
who cami to this country witli Wm. Penn in 1682. 

After the expiration of his term of service, Gov. 
Coles continued his residence in Edwardsville, sup- 
erintending his farm in the vicinity. He was fond 
of agriculture, and was the founder of the first agri- 
cultural society in the State. On account of ill 
health, however, and having no faunly to tie him 
down, he spent much of his time in Eastern cities. 
About 1832 he changed his residence to Philadel- 
phia, where he died July 7, 1S6S, and is buried at 
Woodland, near that city. 

' O c^^-tAyi^:^^^ 



^ i !i i a n E cl w iiidg^ 


from 1827 to 1S30, was a sou 
IP of Benjamin Edwards, and 
was born in Montgomery 
County, Maryland, in Marcli, 
1775. His domestic train- 
'■" '' ^ ing was well fitted to give 
his mind strength, firmness and 
lionorable princi[)lcs, and a good 
loundation was laid for the elevated 
1 haracter to which he afterwards 
attained. His parents were ll:ip- 
tists, and very strict in their moral 
principles. His education in early 
youth was in company with and 
partly under the tuition of 1 Ion. Win. 
Wirt, whom his father patronized^ 
and who was more than two years 
older. An intimacy was- thus 
formed between them which was lasting for life, lie 
was further educated at Dickinson College, at Car- 
lisle, Pa. He next commenced the study of law, but 
before completing his course he moved to Nelson 
County, Ky., to open a farm for his father and to 
purchase homes and locate lands for his brothers and 
sisters. Here he fell in the company of dissolute 
companions, and for several years led the life of a 
spendthrift. He was, however, elected to the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky as the Representative of Nelson 
<Jounty before he was 21 years of age, and was re- 
elected by an almost unanimous vote. 

In 179S he was licensed to practice law, and the 
following year was admitted to the Courts of Tennes- 
see. About this time he left Nelson County for 
Russellville, in Log.iii County, broke away from his 
dissolute companions, commenced a reformation and 
devoted himself to severe and laborious study. He 
then began to rise rapidly in his profession, and soon 
became an eminent lawyer, and inside of four years 
he filled in succession the offices of Presiding Judge 
of the General Court, Circuit Judge, fourth J idge of 
the Court of Appeals and Chief Justice of the .State, 
— all before he was 32 years of age! In addilion, in 
1S02, he received a commission as Major of a battal- 
ion of Kentucky militia, and in 1804 was chosen a 
Presidential Elector, on the Jefferson and Cli.iton 
ticket. In 1.S06 he was a candidate for Congress, 
but withdrew on Ijcing promoted to the Court of 

Illinois was organized as a separate 'I'erritoiy i;i 
the spring of 1809, when I^tr. Edwards, then Chief 
justice of the Court of Appeals in Kentucky, received 
from President Madison the appointment as Gover- 
nor of the new Territory, his commission I]earing dat ..■ 
April 24, 1809. Edwards arrived at Kaska':kia i.i 
June, and on the i ith of that mouth took the oa'.h of 
office. At the same time he was appointed Siiperi;i- 
tendent of the United States Saline, tliis Government 
interest then developing into considerable proportions 
in Southern Illinois. Although dtiring tlie first three 
years of his administration he had the power to make- 
new counties and appoint all the offii evs, yet he alwa\s 
allowed the people of each county, bv an informal 


vote, to select their own officers, both civil and mili- 
tary. The noted John J. Crittenden, afterward 
United States Senator from Kentucky, was appointed 
by Gev. Edwards to the office of Attorney General of 
the Territory, which office was accepted for a short 
time only. 

The Indians in tSio committing sundry depreda- 
tions in the Territory, crossing the Mississippi from 
the Territory of Louisiana, a long correspondence fol- 
lowed between the respective Governors concerning 
the remedies, which ended in a council with the sav- 
ages at Peoria in 1S12, and a fresh interpretation of 
ihe treaties. Peoria was depopulated by these de- 
predations, and was not re-settled for many years 

As Gov. Edwards' term of office expired by law in 
I Si 2, he was re-appointed for another term of three 
years, and again in 1815 for a third term, serving 
until the organization of the State in the fall of 18 18 
and the inauguration of Gov. Bond. At this time 
ex-Gov. Edwards was sent to the United States 
Senate, his colleague being Jesse B. Thomas. As 
Senator, Mr. Edwards took a conspicuous part, and 
acquitted himself honorably in all the measures that 
came up in that body, being well posted, an able de- 
uater and a conscientious statesman. He thought 
seriously of resigning this situation in 182 1, but was 
persuaded by his old friend, Wm. Wirt, and others to 
( outinue in office, which he did to the end of the 

He was then appointed Minister to Mexico by 
i'resident Monroe. About this time, it appears that 
Mr. Edwards saw suspicious signs in the conduct of 
Wm. H. Crawford, Secretary of the United States 
Treasury, and an ambitious candidate for the Presi- 
dency, and being implicated by the latter in some of 
his statements, he resigned his Mexican mission in 
order fully to investigate the charges. The result 
was the exculpation of Mr. Edwards. 

Pro-slavery regulations, often termed "Black Laws," 
disgraced the statute books of both the Territory and 
.he State of Illinois during the whole of his career in 
.his commonwealth, and Mr. Edwards always main- 
tained the doctrines of freedom, and was an important 
;.ctor in the great struggle which ended in a victory 
for his party in 1824. 

In 1826-7 "^^ Winnebago and other Indians com- 
mitted son-e depredations in the northern part of the 

State, and the white settlers, who desired the lands 
and wished to exasperate the savages into an evacu- 
ation of the country, magnified the misdemeanors of 
the aborigines and thereby produced a hostility be- 
tween the races so great as to precipitate a little war, 
known in history as the "Winnebago AVar." A few 
chases and skirmishes were had, when Gen. Atkinson 
succeeded in capturing Red Bird, the Indian chief, 
and putting him to death, thus ending the contest, at 
least until the troubles commenced which ended in 
the " Black Hawk War " of 1832. In the interpre- 
tation of treaties and execution of their provisions 
Gov. Edwards had much vexatious work to do. The 
Indians kept themselves generally within the juris- 
diction of Michigan Territory, and its Governor, 
Lewis Cass, was at a point so remote that ready cor- 
respondence with him was difficult or impossible. 
Gov. Edwards' administration, however, in regard to 
the protection of the Illinois frontier, seems to have 
been very efficient and satisfactory. 

For a considerable portion of his time after his re- 
moval to Illinois, Gov. Edwards resided upon his 
farm near Kaskaskia, which he had well stocked with 
horses, cattle and sheep from Kentucky, also with 
fruit-trees, grape-vines and shrubbery. He estab- 
lished saw and grist-mills, and engaged extensively 
in mercantile business, having no less than eight or ten 
stores in this State and Missouri. Notwithstanding 
the arduous duties of his office, he nearly always pur- 
chased the goods himself with which to supply the 
stores. Although not a regular practitioner of medi- 
cine, he studied the healing art to a considerable ex- 
tent, and took great pleasure in prescribing for, and 
taking care of, the sick, generally without charge. 
He was also liberal to the poor, several widows and 
ministers of the gospel becoming indebted to him 
even for their homes. 

He married Miss Elvira Lane, of Maryland, in 
1803, and they became the affectionate parents of 
several children, one of whom, especially, is weh' 
known to the people of the '' Prairie State," namely, 
Ninian Wirt Edwards, once the Superintendent c' 
Public Instruction and still a resident of Springfield 
Gov. Edwards resided at and in the vicinity of Kas- 
kaskia from 1S09 to 181S; in Edwardsville (named 
after him) from that time to 1824; and from the lat- 
ter date at Belleville, St. Clair County, until his 
death, July 20, 1833, of Asiatic cliolera. Edwards 
County is also named in his honor. 


ILNf REYNOLDS, Governor 1S31- 

-i;^ 4, was born in Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, Feb. 26, 1788. 
His fatlver, Robert Reynolds and 
mother, iiec Margaret Moore, 
were both natives of Ireland, from 
which country they emigrated to 
the United States in 17 85, land- 
ing at Philadelphia. The senior 
Reynolds entertained an undying 
hostility to the British Govern- 
ment. When the subject of this 
sketch was about six montiis old, 
his parents emigrated with iiini to 
Tennessee, where many of their 
relatives had already located, at the base of' the 
Copper Ridge Mountain, about 14 miles northeast of 
the present city of Knoxville. There they were e.x- 
posed to Indian depredations, and were much molest- 
ed by them. In 1794 they moved into the interior 
of the State. They were poor, and brought up their 
children to habits of manual industry. 

In 1800 the family removed to Kaskaskia, 111., with 
eight horses and two wagons, encountering many 
Hardships on the way. Here young Reynolds passed 
the most of his childhood, while his character began 
to develop, the most prominent traits of which were 
ambition and energy. He also adopted the princii)le 
and practice of total abstinence from intoxicating 
liquors. In 1807 the family made another removal. 

this time to the " Goshen .Settlement," at the foot of 
the Mississippi bluffs three or four miles su.ithwcst 
of Edwardsville. 

On arriving at his 20th year, Mr. Reynolds, seeing 
that he must look about for his own livelihood and 
not yet having determined what calling to pursue, 
concluded first to attend college, and he accordingly 
went to such an institution of learning, near Knox- 
ville, Tenn., where he had relatives. Imagine his 
diffidence, when, after passing the first 20 years of 
his life without ever having seen a carpet, a papered 
wall or a Windsor chair, and never having lived in a 
shingle-roofed house, he suddenly ushered himsel.' 
into the society of the wealtjiy in the vicinity of 
Knoxville! He attended college nearly two \ears, 
going through the principal Latin authors ; but it 
seems that he, like the rest of the world in modern 
times, had but very little use for his Latin in after 
life. He always failed, indeed, to exhibit any good 
degree of literary disciphne. He commenced tlu- 
study of law in Knoxville, but a pulmonary trouble 
came on and compelled him to change his mode 
of life. .\ccordin<ily he returned home and re 
cuperated, and in 1S12 resumed his college and 
law studies at Knoxville. In the fall of 181 2 he was 
admitted to the Bar at Kaskaskia. About this time 
he also learned the French language, whicli he 
practiced witli pleasure in conversation with his 
fiuiiily for many years. He regarded this language 
as being superior to all others for social intercourse. 



From his services in the West, in the war of iSr2, 
he obtained the sobriquet of the " Old Ranger." He 
was Orderly Sergeant, then Judge Advocate. 

Mr. Reynolds opened his first law office in the 
winter and spring of 1814, in the French village of 
Cahokia, then the capital of St. Clair County. 

In the fall of 1S18 he was elected an Associate 
Justice upon the Supreme Bench by the General 
Assembly. In 1825 he entered more earnestly than 
ever into the practice of law, and the very next year 
was elected a member of the Legislature, where he 
acted independently of all cliques and private inter- 
ests. In 1828 the Whigs and Democrats were for 
the first time distinctively organized as such in Illi- 
nois, and the usual party bitterness grew up and 
raged on all sides, while Mr. Reynolds preserved a 
iudicial calmness and moderation. The real animus 
if the campaign was " Jackson " and " anti-Jackson," 
'he former party carrying the State. 

In August, 1830, Mr. Reynolds was elected Gov- 
ernor, amid great excitement. Installed in ofiice, he 
did all within his power to advance the cause of edu- 
cation, internal improvements, the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal, the harbor at Chicago, settling the coun- 
try, etc.; also recommended the winding up of the 
State Bank, as its affairs had become dangerously 
roiuplicated. In his national politics, he was a 
moderate supporter of General Jackson. But the 
most celebrated event of his gubernatorial admin- 
istration was the Black Hawk War, which occurred 
in 1832. He called out the militia and prosecuted 
the contest with commendable diligence, appearing 
in person on the battle-grounds during the most 
critical periods. He was recognized by the President 
as Major-General, and authorized by him to make 
treaties with the Indians. By the assistance of tlie 
general Government the war was terminated without 
much bloodshed, but after many serious fights. Tliis 
war, as well as everything else, was materially re- 
tarded by the occurrence of Asiatic cholera in the 
West. This was its first appearance here, and was 
I lie next event in prominence during Gov. Reynolds' 

South Carolina nullification coming up at this time, 
t was heartily condemned by both President Jackson 
c.nd Gov. Reynolds, who took precisely the same 
grounds as the Unionists in the last war. 

On the termination of his gubernatorial term in 
,834, Gov. Reynolds was elected a Member of Con- 
gress, still coi;sidering himself a backwoodsman, as 
' e had scarcely been outside of the State since he 
became of age, and had spent nearly all his youthful 
days in the wildest region of the frontier. His first 
move in Congress was to adopt a resolution that in 
all elections made by the House for officers tlie votes 
should be given viva voce, each member in liis place 
naming aloud the person for whom he votes. This 
created considerable heated discussion, but was es- 

sentially adopted, and remained the controlling prin- 
ciple for many years. The ex-Governor was scarcely 
absent from his seat a single day, during eight ses- 
sions of Congress, covering a period of seven years, 
and' lie never vacillated in a party vote; but he failed 
to get the Democratic party to foster his " National 
Road" scheme. He says, in "My Own Times" (a 
large autobiography he published), that it was only 
by rigid economy that he avoided insolvency while in 
Washington. During his sojourn in that city he was 
married, to a lady of the place. 

In 1837, while out of Congress, and in company 
with a few others, he built the first railroad in the 
Mississippi Valley, namely, one about six miles long, 
leading from his coal mine in the Mississippi bluff to 
the bank of the river opposite St. Louis. Hiving not 
the means to purchase a locomotive, they operated it 
by horse-power. The next spring, however, the com- 
pany sold out, at great sacrifice. 

In 1839 the ex-Governor was appointed one of the 
Canal Commissioners, and authorized to borrow 
money to prosecute the enterprise. Accord' ngly, he 
repaired to Philadelphia and succeeding in obtaining 
a million dollars, which, however, was only a fourth 
of what was wanted. The same year he and his 
wife made at our of Europe. This year, also, Mr. 
Reynolds had the rather awkward little responsibility 
of introducing to President Van Buren the noted 
Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, as a " Latter-Day 

In 1846 Gov, Reynolds was elected a member of 
the Legislature from St. Clair County, more particu- 
larly for the purpose of obtaining a feasible charter 
for a macadamized road from Belleville to St. Louis, 
a distance of nearly 14 miles. This was immediately 
built, and was the first road of the kind in the State. 
He was again elected to the Legislature in 1852, when 
lie was chosen Speaker of the House. In i860, aged 
and infirm, he attended the National Democratic 
Convention at Charleston, S. C , as an anti-Douglas 
Delegate, where he received more attention from the 
Southern Delegates than any other member. He 
supported Breckenridge for the Presidency. After 
the October elections foreshadowed the success of 
Lincoln, he published an address urging the Demo- 
crats to rally to the support of Douglas. Immedi- 
ately preceding and during the late war, his corre- 
spondence evinced a clear sympathy for the Southern 
secession, and about the first of March, 1861, he 
urged upon the Buchanan officials the seizure of the 
treasure and arms in the custom-house and arsenal 
at St. Louis. Mr. Reynolds was a rather talkative 
man, and apt in all the Western phrases and catch- 
words that ever gained currency, besides many cun- 
ning and odd ones of his own manufacture. 

He was married twice, but had no children. He 
died in Belleville, in May, 1865, just after the close 
of the war. 



►-5-* — oo^^aiKfe-' 

Governor of Illinois Nov. 3 
3 to 17, 1834, was a native 
of Kentucky, ami prohably 
of Scotch ancestry. He bad 
a fine education, was a gentle- 
man of '.olished manners and 
!.-fnied sentiment. In 1830 John Rey- 
:. olds was elected Governor of the State, 
md Zadok Casey Lieutenant Governor, 
I ;; ^ and for the principal events that followed, 
• v;/\ ^V' and the characteristics of the times, see 
r sketch of Gov. Reynolds. The first we 
• . ■ y ^L-e in history concerning Mr. EwIul;, in- 
"^"^^ forms us that he was a Receiver of Public 
Moi eys at Vandalia soon after the organization uf 
\ti\i. Slate, and that the public moneys in his Iiands 
vere deposited in various banks, as they are usually 
'•' tlK jTesent day. In 1S23 the State Bank was 
obbed, by which disaster Air. Evving lost a thousand- 
dollar deposit. 

The subject of this sketch had a commission as 
Colonel in the Black Hawk \Var, and in emergencies 
he acted also as Major. In the summer of 1832, 
^."hen Lvras rumored among the wliites that Black 
Hawk ai.d his men had encamped somewhere on 
Rock River, Gen. Henry was sent on a tour of 
reconnoisance, and witli orders to drive the Indians 
from the State. After some opposition from his 
rubordinate officers, Henry resolved to proceed up 
Rock River in search of the enemy. On the 19th of 
July, early in the morning, five baggage wagons, 

camp e4ui|)age and all heavy and cumbersome arti- 
I les were piled up and left, so that the army might 
make speedy and forced marches. For some miles 
the travel was exceedingly bad, crossing swamps 
aid the worst thickets; but the large, fresh trail 
give life and animation to the .\mcricans. Gen. 
Dodge and Col. Ewing were both actmg as Majors, 
and composed the " spy corjjs " or vanguard of the 
army. It is supposed the army marched nearly 50 
miles this day, and the Indian trail they followed 
became fresher, and was strewed with much property 
and trinkets of the red-skin ; they had lost or 
thrown away to hasten their march. During the 
following night there was a terrific thunder-storm, and 
the soldiery, with all their appurtenances, were thor- 
oughly drenched. 

On approaching nearer the Indians the next uay. 
Gen. Dodge and Major Ewing, each commanding a 
battalion of men, were placed in front to bring on the 
buttle, but the savages were not overtaken this day 
Forced marches were continued until they reached. 
Wisconsin River, where a veritable battle ensued, 
resulting in the death of about 68 of Black Hawk's 
men. The next day they continued the chase, and 
as soon as he discovered the trail of the Indians 
leading toward the Mississippi, Maj. Ewing formed 
liis battalion in order of battle and awaited the order 
of Gen. Henry. The latter soon appeared on the 
ground and ordered a charge, which directly resulted 
in chasing the red warriors across the great river. 
M,nj. Ewing and his command proved particularly 
efficient in war, as it seems they were the chief actors 
ill driving the main body of the Sacs and Fo.xes, in- 



ckiding Black Hawk himself, across the Mississippi, 
while Gen. Atkinson, commander-in-chief of the ex- 
pedition, with a body of the army, was hunting for 
them "'n another direction. 

In tlie above affair Maj. Ewing is often referred to 
as a "General," wh.ich title he had derived from his 
connection with the militia. 

It was in the latter part of the same year (1S32) 
that Lieutenant Governor Casey was elected to Con- 
gress and Gen. Evving, who had been elected to tlie 
Senate, was chosen to preside over that body. At 
die August election of rS34, Gov. Reynolds was also 
elected to Congress, more than a year ahead of the 
lime at which he could actually take his seat, as was 
tl'.en the law. His predecessor, Charles Slade, had 
just died of Asiatic cholera, soon after the elec- 
tion, and Gov. Reynolds was chosen to serve out his 
unexpired term. Accordingly he set out for Wash- 
ington in November of that year to take his seat in 
("oiigress, and Gen. Rwing,by virt.'.e of his office as 
President of the Senate, became Governor of the 
Stat.i of Illinois, his term covering only a period of 
15 d;r.'3. namely, from the 3d to the lytli d.iys, in- 
clusive, of November. On the 17th the Legislature 
met, and Gov. Evving transmitted to that body his 
message, giving a statement of the condition of the 
affairs of the State at that time, and urging a contin- 
uance of the policy adopted by his predecessor; and 
on the same day Governor elect Joseph Duncan 
Tas sworn into office, thus relieving Mr. Ewing from 

the responsible situation. This is the only time that 
such a juncture has happened in the history of Illi- 

On the 29th of December, 1835, Gen. Ewing was 
elected a United States Senator to serve out the 
unexpired term of Elias Kent Kane, deceased. The 
latter gentleman was a very prominent figure in the 
early politics of Illinois-, and a county in this State is 
named in his honor. The election of Gen. Ewing to 
the Senate was a protracted struggle. His competi- 
tors were Jarnes Semple, who afterwards held several 
important offices in tliis State, and Richard M. 
Young, afterward a United States Senator and a 
Supreme Judge and a man of vast influence. On 
the first ballot Mr. Semple had 25 votes, Young 19 
and Ewing 18. On the eighth ballot Young was 
dropped ; the ninth and tenth stood a tie ; but on 
the 1 2th Evving received 40, to Semple 37, and was 
accordingly declared elected. In 1837 Mr. Ewing 
received some votes for a continuance of his term in 
Congress, when Mr. Young, just referred to, was 
elected. In 1842 Mr. Ewing was elected State 
Audit 'r on the ticket with Gov, Ford. 

Gen. Ewing was a gentleman of culture, a lawyer 
by profession, and was much in public life. In person 
he was above medium height and of heavy build, 
with auburn hair, blue eyes, large-sized head and 
short face. He was genial, social, friendly and 
affable, with fair talent, though of no high degree of 
originality. He died March 25, 1846. 

JcJ^^f'i^ ^ 




1S34-S, was born at Paris, 
k\., Feb. 23, 1794. At tb'j 
tender age of 19 yL'ars be en- 
bsted in the war against Great 
'"' Bimin, and as a soldier lie 
ac(iuitted liimself with credit. He 
wib an Ensign under tlie daunt- 
less Croghan at Lower Sandusky, 
' s or Fort Stephenson. \\\ Ilbnois 
he first appeared in a public capa- 
city as Major-General of the jNIilitia, 
a position whicli his military fame 

fhad procured him. Subsequently 
he became a State Senator from 
: Jackson County, and is honorably 
mentioned for introducing the first bill providing for 
a free-school system. In 1826, when the redoubt- 
able John P. Cook, who had previously beaten such 
men as John McLean, Elias Kent Kane and e.\- 
Gov. Bond, came up for the fourth time for Congress, 
Mr. Duncan was brought forward against him by his 
friends, greatly to the surprise of all the politicians. 
As yet he was but little known in the Stale. He was 
an original Jackson man at that time, being attached 
to his jxjlitical fortune in admiration of the glory of 
his militaiy achievements. His chances of success 
against Cook were generally regarded as hopeless, 
but he entered upon the campaign undaunted. His 
speeches, though short and devoid of ornament, w-ere 
full of good sense. He made a diligent canvass of 
the State, Mr. Cook being hindered by the condition of 
his health. The most that was expected of Mr. 
Duncan, under the circumstances, was that he would 

obtain a rcspeclahle vole, but without defeating Mr. 
Cook. The result of the campaign, however, was a 
.source of surprise and amazement to bolli friends 
and foes, as Mr. Duncan canie out 641 voles ahead! 
He received 6,321 votes, and Mr. Co(jk 5,680. Un- 
til this tli'iiotuincnt, the violence of parly feeling 
smoldering in the breasts of the people on account 
of the defeat of Jackson, was not duly ap|)reciated. 
.•\side from the great convention struggle of 1824, no 
oiher than mere local and per;onal considerations 
had ever before controlled an election in Illinois. 

From the above date Mr. Duncan retained his 
seat in Co igress until his election as Governor in 
.\ugust, 1834. The first and bloodless year of the 
lilack Hawk War he was appointed by Gov. Rey- 
nolds to the position of Brigadier-General of the 
volunteers, and he conducted his brigade to Rock 
Island. But he was absent from the Slate, in Wash- 
ington, during the gubernatorial campaign, and did 
not personally participate in it, but addressed circu- 
lais to his constituents. His election was, indeed, 
attributed to the circumstance of his absence, be- 
cause his estrangement from Jackson, formerly his 
political idol, and also from the Democracy, largely 
in ascendency in the Stale, was complete; but while 
his defection was well known to his Whig friends, 
and even to the leading Jackson men of this State, 
the latter were unable to carry conviction of that fact 
to the masses, as mail and newspaper facilities at 
that day were far inferior to those of the present 
lime. Of course the Governor was much abused 
afienvard by tlie fossilized Jackson men who re- 
garded party ties and affiliations as above all 
other issues that could arise; but he was doubtless 



sincere in his opposition to the old hero, as the latter 
j;ad vetoed several important western measures 
which were dear to Mr. Duncan. In his inaugural 
message he threw off the mask and took a bold stand 
pgain St the course of the President. The measures 
■-.e recommended in his message, however, were so 
desirable that the Legislature, although by a large 
majority consisting of Jackson men, could not refrain 
from endorsing them. These measures related 
uainly to barks and internal improvements. 

It was while Mr. Duncan was Governor tluU the 
people of Illinois went whirling on with bank and in- 
ternal improvement schemes that well nigh bank- 
'upted the State. The hard times of 1S37 came on, 
and the disasters that attended the inauguration of 
ihese plans and the operation of the banks were mu- 
tually charged upon the two political parties. Had 
any one man autocratic power to introduce and 
carry on any one of these measures, he would proba- 
hly have succeeded to the satisfaction of the public; 
Lut as many jealous men had hold of the same plow 
handle, no success followed and each blamed the other 
■■or the failure. In tliis great vortex Gov. Duncan 
was carried along, suffering the like derogation uf 
character with his fellow citizens. 

At the height of the excitement the Legislature 
"provided for" railroads from Galena to Cairo, Alton 
to Shawneetown, Alton to Mount Carmel, Alton to the 
eastern boundary of the State in the direction of 
'I'erre Haute, Quincy via Springfield to the Wabash, 
litootnington to Pekin, and Peoria to Warsaw, — -in all 
about 1,300 miles of road. It also provided for the 
improvement of the navigation of the Kaskaskia, 
Illinois, Great and Little Wabash and Rock Rivers ; 
also as a placebo, $300,000 in money were to be dis- 
tributed to the various counties wherein no improve- 
ments were ordered to be made as above. The 
estimate for the expenses for all these projects was 
laced at a little over $10,000,000, which was not 
more man halfenough! That would now be eipial to 
saddling upon the State a debt of $225,000,000 ! It 
wr.s sufficient to bankrupt the State several times 
over, even counting all the possible benefits. 

One of the most exciting events that ever occurred 
.'n this fair State was the murder of Elijah P. Love- 
■'oy in the fall of 1837, at Alton, during Mr. Duncan's 
ierm as Governor. Lovejoy was an " Abolitionist," 
editing the Observer at iliat place, and the pro- 
slavery slums there formed themselves into a mob, 

and after destroying successively three presses be- 
longing to Mr. Lovejoy, surrounded the warehouse 
where the fourth press was stored away, endeavoring 
to destroy it, and where Lovejoy and his friends 
were entrenching themselves, and shot and killed the 
brave reformer! 

About this time, also, the question of removing the 
State capital again came up, as the 20 years' limit for 
its existence at Vandalia was drawing to a close. 
There was, of course, considerable excitement over 
the matter, the two main points competing for it be- 
ing Springfield and Peoria. The jealousy of the lat- 
ter place is not even yet, 45 years afterward, fully 

Gov. Duncan's term expired in 1838. In 1842 
he was again proposed as a candidate for the Execu- 
tive chair, this time by the Whig party, against Adam 
W. Snyder, of St. Clair County, the nominee of the 
Democrats. Charles W. Hunter was a third candi- 
date for the same position. Mr. Snyder, however, died 
before the campaign had advanced very far, and his 
party substituted Thomas Ford, who- was elected, 
receiving 46,901 votes, to 38,584 for Duncan, and 
909 for Hunter. The cause of Democratic success 
at this time is mainly attributed to the temporary 
support of the Mormons which they enjoyed, and the 
want of any knowledge, on the part of the masses, 
I hat Mr. Ford was opposed to any given policy en- 
tertained in the respective localities. 

Gov. Duncan was a man of rather limited educa- 
tion, but with naturally fine abilities he profited 
greatly by his various public services, and gathered 
a store of knowledge regarding public affairs which 
served him a ready purpose. He possessed a clear 
judgment, decision, confidence in himself and moral 
courage to carry out his convictions of right. In his 
deportment he was well adapted to gain the admira- 
tion of the people. His intercourse with them was 
both affable and dignified. His portrait at the Gov- 
ernor's mansion, from which the accompanying was 
made, represents him as having a swarthy complex- 
ion, high cheek bones, broad forehead, piercing black 
eyes and straight black hair. 

He was a liberal patron of the Illinois College at 
(acksonville, a member of its Board of Trustees, and 
died, after a short illness, Jan. 15, 1844, a devoted 
member of the Presbyterian Church, leaving a wife 
but no children. Two children, born to them, had 
died in infancy. 





>><giH!i!J»»e> ' : 

:H0MAS CARLIN, the sixth 
I'l Governor uf the State of 
IHinois, serving from 1S3S 
to 1842, was also a Kcn- 
tuckian, being born near 
Frankfort, that State, Jnly 
18, 1789, of Irish paternity. 
The opportunities for an education 
jeing very meager in his native 
place, he, on approaching years of 
judgment and maturity, applied 
himself to those branches of learn- 
ing that seemed most important, 
and thus became a self-made man ; 
and his taste for reading and 
study remained witli him throui;h 
life. In 1803 his father removed 
10 Missouri, then a part of " New Spain," where he 
died in 1810. 

In 1S12 young Carlin came to Illinois and partici- 
l)aied in all the "ranging" service incident to the 
war of that period, proving himself a soldier of un- 
daunted bravery. In 1S14 he married Rebecca 
Huiit, and lived for four years on the bank of the 
Mississippi River, O[)posite the mouth of the Mis- 
sc-ri, where he followed farming, and then removed 
to Greene County. He located the town site of Car- 
rt/i'ton, in that county, and in 1825 made a liberal 
donation of land for county building purposes. He 
was the first Sheriff of that county after its separate 
organization, and afterward was twice elected, as a 
Jackson Democrat, to the Illinois Senate. In the 
Black Hawk War he commanded a spy battalion, a 
post of considerable danger. In 1834 he was ap- 
lX)inted by President Jackson to the jjosition of 
Receiver of Public Moneys, and to fulfill the office 

more conveniently he removed to the city of Quincy. 

While, in 1S3S, the unwieldy internal improvement, 
system of the State was in full operation, with all its 
expensive machinery, amidst bank suspensions 
throughout the United States, a great stringency in 
the money market everywhere, and Illinois bonds 
forced to sale at a heavy discount, and the " hardest 
limes " existing that the people of the Prairie State 
ever saw, the general election of State officers was 
approaching. Discreet men who had cherished the 
hope of a speedy subsidence of the public infatua- 
tion, met with disappointment. A Governor and 
Legislature were to be elected, and these were now 
looked forward to for a repeal of the ruinous State 
policy. But the grand scheme had not yet lost its 
dazzling influence upon the minds of the people. 
Time and experience had not yet fully demonstrated 
its utter absurdity. Hence tlie ipicstion of arresting 
its career of profligate expenditures did not become 
a leading one with the dominant party during the 
camp.iign, and most of the old members of the Leg- 
islature were returned at this election. 

Under these circumstances the Democrats, in State 
Convention assembled, nominated Mr. Carlin for the 
office of Governor, and S. H. Anderson for Lieuten- 
ant Governor, while the Whigs nominated Cyrus Ed- 
wards, brother of Ninian Edwards, formerly Governor, 
and W. H. Davidson. Edwards came out strongly 
for a continuance of the State policy, wiiile Car'L' 
remained non-committal. This was the first tunc 
that the two main political parlies in this State were 
unembarrassed by any third party in the field. The 
result of the election was: Carlin, 35,573 ; Ander- 
son, 30,335; Edwards, 29,629; and Davidson, 28,- 

Ui)on the meeting of tlie subsequent Legislature 
(1839), the retiring Governor CDuncan) in his mcs- 



sage spoke in emphatic terms of the impolicy of the 
internal improvement system, presaging the evils 
threatened, and uiged that body to do their utmost 
to correct the great error ; yet, on the contrary, the 
Legislature not only decided to continue the policy 
but also added to its burden by voting more appro- 
priations and ordering more improvements. Although 
the money market was still stringent, a further loan 
of $4,000,000 was ordered for tlie Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal alone. Cli'cago at that time began to 
loom up and promise to be an important city, even 
the great emporium of the West, as it has since in- 
deed came to be. Ex-Gov. Reynolds, an incompe- 
' tent financier, was commissioned to effect the loan, 
and accordingly hastened to the East on this respons- 
ible, and negotiated the loans, at considera- 
ble sacrifice to the .State. Besides this embarrassment 
;c Carlin's administration, the Legislature also de- 
clared that he had no authority to appoint a Secretary 
of Stat J until a vacancy existed, and A. P. Field, a 
Whig, who had already held the post by appointment 
through three administrations, was determined to 
keep the place a while longer, in spite of Gov. Car- 
lin's preferences. The course of tlie Legislature in 
this regard, however, was finally sustained by the 
Supreme Court, in a quo warranto case brought up 
before it by John A. McClernand, whom the Gov- 
ernor had nominated for the office. Thereupon that 
dignified body was denounced as a "Whig Court!' 
endeavoring to establish the principle of life-tenure 
of office. 

A new law was adopted re-organizing the Judici- 
ary, and under it five additional .Supreme Judges 
were elected by the Legislature, namely, Thomas 
Ford (afterward Governor), Sidney Breese, Walter B. 
Scates, Samuel H. Treat and Stephen A. Douglas — 
all Democrats. 

It was during Cov. Carlin's administration that the 
noisy campaign 'of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too " oc- 
curred, resulting in a Whig victory. This, however, 
did net affect Illinois politics very seriously. 

Another prominent event in the West during Gov. 
Carlin's term of office was the excitement caused by 
the Mcrmons and their removal from Independence, 
Mo., to Nauvoo, 111., in 1840. At the same time 
they began to figure snniewhat in .Stale politics. On 
account <;f thrir beheviuL; — as they thought, accord- 
ing to the New Testament — that they should have 

" all things common," and that consequently " all 
the earth " and all that is upon it were the" Lord's " 
and therefore the property of his " saints," they 
were suspected, and correctly, too, of committing 
many of the deeds of larceny, robbery, etc., that 
were so rife throughout this country in those days. 
Hence a feeling of violence grew up between the 
Mormons and "anti-Mormons." In the State of 
Missouri the Mormons always supported the Dem- 
ocracy until they were driven out by the Democratic 
government, when they turned their support to the 
Whigs. They were becoming numerous, and in the 
Legislature of 1S40-1, therefore, it became a matter 
of great interest with both parties to conciliate these 
people. Through the agency of one John C. Ben- 
nett, a scamp, the Mormons succeeded in rushing 
through the Legislature (both parties not darin,T; to 
oppose) a charter for the city of Nauvoo which vir- 
tually erected a hierarchy co-ordinate with the Fed- 
eral Government itself. In the fall of 1841 the 
Governor of Missouri made a demand upon Gov. 
Carlin for the body of Joe Smith, the Mormon leader, 
as a fui;itive from justice. Gov. Carlin issued the 
writ, but for some reason it was returned unserved. 
It was again issued in 1842, and Smith was arrested, 
but was either rescued by bis followers or discharged 
by the municipal court on a writ of habeas corpus. 

In Decemlier, 1841, the Democratic Convention 
nominated .^dani W. Snyder, of Belleville, for Gov- 
ernor. .'Vs he had been, as a member of the Legisla- 
ture, rather friendly to the Mormons, the latter 
naturally turned their support to the Democratic 
party. The next spring the Whigs nominated E.x- 
(}ov. Duncan for the same office. In the meantime 
the Mormons began to grow more odious to the 
masses of the people, and the comparative prospects 
of the respective parties for success became very 
problematical. Mr. Snyder died in May, and 
Thomas Ford, a Supreme Judge, was substituted as 
a candidate, and was elected. 

At the close of his gubernatorial term, Mr. Carlin 
removed back to his old home at Carrollton, where 
he spent the remainder of his life, as before his ele- 
vation to office, in agricultural pursuits. In iS,|9 
he served out the unexpired term of J. D. Fry in the 
Illinois House of Representatives, and died Feb. 4. 
1852, at his residence at Caitollton, leaving a wife 
and seven children. 

O/At^^-uyt^^k^ (f^(nr~d^ 



-2«La£iafi^ --"S^ 

— -" __f-*tJLaiMiL^^ 

1 rj. V + -t T Jjf- Y T T Y Y " 1. 



■ CIIOMAS FORD, Governor 
from 1S42 to 1846, and au- 
thor of a very interesting 
liistory of Illinois, was born 
at Unioatown, Pa., in the 
year 1 800. His mother, after 
the death of her first hus- 
band (Mr. Forquer), married Rob- 
ert Ford, who was killed in 1802, 
by the Indians in the mountains 
of Pennsylvania. She was conse- 
quently left in indigent circum- 
stances, with a large family, mostly 
girls. With a view to better her 
condition, she, in 1804, removed to 
Missouri, where it had been cus- 
tomary by the Spanish Govern- 
ment lo give land to actual settlers; but upon her 
arrival at St. Louis she found the country ceded to 
the United States, and the liberal policy toward set- 
tlers changed by the new ownership. After some 
sickness to herself and family, she finally removed to 
Illinois, and settled some three miles south of Water- 
loo, but the following year moved nearer the Missis- 
sippi bluffs. Here young Ford received his first 1 

schooling, under the instructions of a Mr. Humphrey, 
for which he had to walk three miles. His mother, 
though lacking a thorough education, was a woman 
of superior mental endowments, joined to energy 
and determination of character. She inculcated in 
her children those high-toned principles which dis- 
tinguished her sons in public life. She exercised a 
rigid economy to provide her children an education ; 
but George Forquer, her oldest son (six years older 
than Thomas Ford), at an early age had to cpiit 
school to aid by his labor in the support of the family. 
He afterward became an eminent man in Illinois 
affairs, and but for his early death would probably 
have been elected to the United States Senate. 

Young Ford, with somewhat better opportunities, 
received a better education, though limited to the 
CLirriculum of the common school of those pioneer 
times. His mind gave eady promise of superior en- 
dowments, with an inclination for mathematics. His 
[iroficiency attracted 'the attention of Hon. Daniel P. 
Cook, who became his efficient patron and friend. 
The latter gentleman was an eminent Illinois states- 
man wlio, as a Member of Congress, obtained a grant 
of 300,000 acres of land to aid in comi)leting the 
Illinois I't Michigan Canal, and after whom the 
county of Cook was named. Through the advice of 


this gemleman, Mr. Ford tamed his attention to the 
study of law, but Forquer, then merchandising, re- 
garding; his education defective, sent him to Transyl- 
vania University, where, however, he remained but 
one term, owing to Forquer's failure in business. On 
his return he alternated his law reading with teach- 
ing school for support. 

In 1829 Gov. Edwards appointed him Prosecuting 
Attorney, and in 1831 he was re-appointed^by Gov. 
Reynolds, and after that he was four times elected a 
Judge by the Le>;islature, without opposition, twice a 
Circuit Judge, once a Judge of Chicago, and as As- 
sociate Judge of the Supreme Court, when, in 1841, 
the latter tribunal was re-organized by the addition 
of five Judges, all Democrats. Ford was assigned to 
the Ninth Judicial Circuit, and while in this capacity 
iie was holding Court in Ogle County he received a 
notice of his nomination by the Democratic Conven- 
tion for the office of Governor. He immediately re- 
signed liis place and entered upon the canvass. In 
August, 1S42, he was elected, and on the 8th of De- 
cember following he was inaugurated. 

All the offices which he had held were unsolicited 
by him. He received them upon the true Jefferson- 
Jan principle, — Never to ask and never to refuse 
office. Both as a lawyer and as a Judge he stood 
deiervedly high, but his cast of intellect fitted him 
rather for a writer upon law than a practicing advo- 
cate in the courts. In the latter capacity he was void 
of the moving power of eloquence, so necessary to 
success with juries. As a Judge his opinions were 
"ound, lucid and able expositions of the law. In 
practice, he was a stranger to the tact, skill and in- 
sinuating address of the politician, but he saw through 
:he arts of demagogues as well as any man. He was 
plain in his demeanor, so much so, indeed, that at 
one time after the expiration of his term of office, 
during a session of the Legislature, he was taken by 
a stranger to be a seeker for the position of door- 
keeper, and was wai-ted upon at his hotel near niid- 
r.ight by a knot of small office-seekers with the view 
of effecting a " combination ! " 

Mr. Ford had not the " brass " cf the ordinary 
politician, nor that impetuosity which characterizes a 
|)olitical leader. He cared little for money, and 
hardly enough for a decent support. In person he 
was of small stature, slender, of dark comple.'cion, 
with black hair, sharp features, deep-set eyes, a 
pointed, aquiline nose having a decided twist to one 
side, and a small mouth. 

Tb.e three most important events in Gov. Ford's 
r.dministration were the establishment of tlie high 
financial credit of the State, tlie " Mormon War "and 
.he Mexican War. 

In the first of these the Gu'ernor proved himself 
*o be en:inenll\' wise. On ciming iiilu office he found 
'he Stale I) idly pir.ily/.eil byilie ruinous efferts of 
die notocious "i;iteriial hnproveinent " schemes of 

the preceding decade, with scarcely anything to 
show by way of "improvement." The enterprise 
that seemed to be getting ahead more than all the 
rest was the Illinois & Michigan Canal. As this 
promised to be the most important thoroughfare, 
feasible to the people, it was well under headway in 
its construction. Therefore the State policy was 
almost concentrated upon it, in order to rush it on tc 
completion. The bonded indebtedness of the State 
was growing so large as to frighten the people, and 
they were about ready to entertain a proposition for 
repudiation. But the Governor had the foresight to 
recommend such measures as would maintain the 
public credit, for which every citizen to-day feels 

But perhaps the Governor is remembered more for 
his connection with the Mormon troubles than for 
anything else; for it was during his term of office 
that the " Latter-Day Saints " became so strong at 
Nauvoo, built their temple there, increased their num- 
bers throughout the country, committed misdemean- 
ors, taught dangerous doctrines, suffered the loss of 
their leader, Jo Smith, by a violent death, were driven 
out of Nauvoo to the far West, etc. Having been a 
Judge for so many years previously, Mr. Ford of 
course was no i-committal concerning Mormon affairs, 
and was therefore claimed by both parties and also 
accused by each of sympathizing too greatly with the 
other side. Mormonism claiming to be a system of 
religion, the Governor no doubt was "between two 
fires," and felt compelled to touch the matter rather , 
" gingerly," and doubtless felt greatly relieved when ^' 
that [lestilential people left the State. Such compli- ' 
cated matters, especially when religion is mixed up 
with them, expose every person participating in 
them to criticism from all parties. 

The Me.xican War was begun in the spring of 
1845, and was continued into the gubernatorial term 
of Mr. Ford's suxessor. The Governor's connection 
with this war, however, was not conspicuous, as it 
was only administrative, commissioning officers, etc. 

Ford's " History of Illinois " is a very readable and 
entertaining work, of 450 small octavo pages, and is 
destined to increase in value with the lapse of time. 
It exhibits a natural flow of compact and forcible 
thought, never failing to convey the nicest sense. In 
tracing with his trenchant pen the devious operations 
of the professional politician, in which lie is inimit- 
able, his account is open, perhaps, to the objection 
that all his contemporaries are treated as mere place- 
seekers, while many of them have since been judged 
by the people to be worthy statesmen. His writings 
seem slightly open to the criticism that they exhibit 
a little splenetic partiality against those of his con- 
temporaries who were prominent during his term of 
office as Governor. 

The death of Gov. Ford took place at Peoria, 111., 
Nov. 2, 1850. 






Augustus C. French. t ^,.,^ 

Governor of Illinois from 
1-^46 to 1 85 2, was born in 
the town of Hill, in the 
Slate of New Hampshire, 
_ ,^ -^^- Aug. 2, 1808. He was a 
' ' i\^ descendant in the fourth 
generation ot Nathaniel 
French, who emigrated from England 
in 16S7 and settled in Saybury, Mass. 
-'■},, -_^'- In early life young French lost his 

;;;! i !i father, but continued to receive in- 
- i struclion from an exemplary and 

Christian mother until he was 19 years 
',, ,^' ■ old, when she also died, confiding to 
■^"^^ his care and trust four younger broth- 

ers and one sister. He discharged his trust witli 
jjarental devotion. His education in early life was 
such mainly as a common school afforded. For a 
brief period he attended Dartmouth College, but 
from pecuniary causes and the care of Iiis brothers 
and sister, he did not graduate. He subsc(iuenily 
read law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1831, and 
shortly afterward removed to Illinois, settling first at 
Albion, Edwards County, where he established him- 
self in the practice of law. The following year he 
removed to Paris, Edgar County. Mere he attnincd 
eminence in his profession, and entered public life 
by representing that county in the Legislature. A 
strong attachment sprang up between him and .Sie- 
phen A. Douglas. 

In 1839, Mr. French was appointed Receiver of 
the United .States I,and Office at I'alestine, Craw- 
ford County, at wliich place he was a resident when 

elevated to the gubernatorial chair. In 1844 he was 
a Presidential Elector, and as such he voted for 
fames K. Polk. 

The Democratic State Convention of 1846, meet- 
ing at Springfield Feb. 10, nominated Mr. French 
for Governor. Other Democratic candidates were 
Lyman Trumbull, Jolin Calhoun (subsequently of 
Lecompton Constitution notoriety), Walter B. Scates, 
Richard M. Young and A. W. Cavarly, — an array of 
very able and prominent names. Trumbull was per- 
haps defeated in the Convention by the tumor that 
he was opposed to the Illinois and Michigan Canal. 
as he had been a year |)reviously. For Lieutenant 
Governor J. B. Wells was chosen, while other candi- 
dates were Lewis Ross, Wm. McMurlry, Newton 
Cloud, J. B. Hamilton and W. W. Thompson. The 
resolutions declared strongly against the resuscita- 
tion of the old State Banks. 

The Whigs, who were in a hopeless mniority, held 
their convention June 8, at Peoria, and selected 
Thomas M. Kilpatrick, of Scott County, for (lovcrnor, 
and Gen. Nathaniel (J. Wilco.x, of Schuyler, for 
Lieutenant Governor. 

In the campaign the latter exposed Mr. French's 
record and connection with the [)assage of the in- 
ternal im[)rovemcnt system, urging it against his 
election ; but in the meantime tlie war with Mexico 
broke out, regarding which the Whig record was un- 
popular in this State. The war was the absorbing 
and dominating question of the period, sweeping 
every other political issue in its course. The elec- 
tion in .August gave Mr. French 58.700 votes, and 
Kilpairick only 36,775. Richard Kells, Abolitionist 
cuididate for the same office, received 5,152 vot«>s 


By the new Constitution of 1S4S, a new election for 
State officers was ordered in November of that year, 
before Gov. French's term was half out, and he was 
re-elected for the term of four years. He was there- 
fore the incmnbeni: for six consecutive years, the 
only Governor of this State who has ever served in 
tliat capacity so long at one time. As there was no 
organized opposition to his election, he received 67,- 
4^3 votes, to 5,639 for Pierre Menard (son of the 
first Lieutenant Governor), 4,748 for Charles V. 
Dyer, 3,834 for W. L. D. Morrison, and 1,361 for 
Janie'i I,. D. Morrison. But Wm. McMiirtry, of 
Knox County, was elected Lieutenant Governor, in 
place of Joseph I!. Wells, who was before elected 
and did not run again. 

Governor French was inaugurated into office dur- 
ing tire progress of the Mexican War, which closed 
during the summer of 1847, although the treaty of 
Guadalupe Hidalgo was not made until Feb. 2, 
1848. The policy of Gov. French's party was com- 
mitted to tliat war, in connection with that affirir 
he was, of course, only an administrative officer. 
During his term of office, Feb. 19,, 1847, the Legisla- 
ture, by special perinissiori of Congress, declared that 
all Government lands sold to settlers should- be im- 
mediately subjerl to State taxation; before this they 
v.'cre exempt for live years after sale. I'y this ar- 
ringemcut the revenue was materially increased. 
.\bout the same time, the distribution of Government 
land warrants among the Mexican soldiers as bounty 
threw upon the market a great quantity of good 
lands, and this enhanced the settlement of the State. 
Tiie same Legislature authorized, with the recom- 
mendation of the Governor, the sale of the Northern 
Cross Railroad (from Springfield to Meredosia, the 
first in the State and now a section of the Wabash, 
St. Louis & Pacific) It sold for $[00,000 in bonds, 
althouL;h it had cost the State not less than a million. 
The salt wells and can.d lands in the Saline reserve 
in Gallatin County, granted by the general Govern- 
ment to the State, were also authorized by the 
Governor to be sold, to ap[)ly on the State debt. In 
1 850, for the first time since 1S39, the accruing State 
revenue, exclusive of specific appropriations, was 
sufficient to meet the current demands upon the 
treasuiy. The aggregate taxable property of the 
State at this time was over §100,000,000, and ll' -■ 
ixjpulation 85 1,470. 

In 1849 the Legislature adopted the township or- 
ganization law, which, however, proved defective, 
and was properly amended in 185 1. At its session 
in the latter year, the General Assembly also passed 
a law to exempt homesteads from sale on executions 
This beneficent measure had been repeatedly u'rge(J 
upon that body by Gov. French.. 

In 1850 some business men in St. Louis com- 
menced to build a dike opposite the lower part of 
their city on the Illinois sitie, to keep the Mississippi 
in its channel near .St. Louis, instead of breaking 
away from them as it sometimes threatened to do. 
This they undertook without permission from the 
Legislature or Executive authority of fhis State ; and 
as many of the inhabitants thera complained that 
the scheme would inundate and ruin much valuable 
land, there was a slight conflict of jurisdictions, re- 
sulting in favor of the St. Louis project; and since 
then a good site has existed there for a city (East St. 
Louis), and now a score of railroads center there. 

It was in September, 1850, that Congress granted 
to this State nearly 3,000,000 acres of land in aid of 
the completion of the Illinois Central Railroad, 
which constituted the most important epoch in the 
railroad — v/e might say internal improvement — his- 
tory of the State. The road was rushed on to com- 
pletion, which accelerated the settlement of the in- 
terior of the State by a good class of industrious citi- 
zens, and Iiy the charter a good income to the State 
Treasury is paid in from the earnings of the road. 

In 185 I the Legislature passed a law authorizing 
free stock banks, v/hich was the source of much leg- 
islative discussion for a number of years. 

But we have not space further to particularize 
concerning legislation. Gov. French's administra- 
tion was not marked by any feature to be criticised, 
while the country was settling up as never before. 

In stature. Gov. French was of medium height, 
sipiarely built, light complexioned, with ruddy face 
and pleasant countenance. In manners he was 
plain and agreealile. By nature he was somewhat 
diffident, but he was often very outspoken in his con- 
victions of duty. In public speech he was not an 
orator, but was chaste, earnest and persuasive. In 
business he was accurate and methodical, and in his 
administration he kept up the cri;dit of the State. 

He died in 1S65, at his home in Lebanon, St 
Glair Co., 111. 





Ifoel S' liliri-lcss 

sri«:- C'-fej' ©"^^^ s ■fe-'i.x^,^':>' ©"^W >, -fej' 


•^KiY**/*!^ ;i)EL A. MATTESON, Governor 
fem^Wy^^^l ! f^** r 85 3-6, was born Aug. S, 1S08, 
in jL-fferson County, New York, 
to which place his father had re- 
moved from Vermont three years 
before. His father was a farmer 
in fair circumstances, but a com- 
mon English education was all 
tliat his only son received. Youni; 
Joel first tempted fortune as a 
small tradesman in Prescott, 
Canada, before he was of age. 
He returned from that place to 
his home, entered an academy, 
tauglit school, visited the prin- 
ciiial Eastern cities, improved a farui liis father had 
given him, made a tour in the South, worked there 
in building railroads, e.xperienccd a siorm on the 
Gulfof Mexico, visited the gold diggings of Nonheni 
Georgia, and returned via Nashville to St. Louis and 
through Illinois to his father's home, when he mar- 
ried. In 1833, having sold his farm, he removed. 
>vith his wife and one child, to Illinois, and entered 
a claim on Government land near the head of An 
Sable River, in what is now Kendall County. At 
that time there were not more than two neighbors 
within a range of ten miles of his ])lace, and onl\ 
three or four houses between him and Chicago. He 
opened a large farm. His faintly was boardetl 1 z 

miles away while he erected a house on his claim, 
sleeping, during this time, under a rude pole shed. 
Here his life was once placed in imminent peril by 
a huge prairie rattlesnake sharing his bed. 

In 1835 he bouglit largely at the Government land 
sales. During th.e speculative real-estate mania which 
broke out in Chicago in 1836 and spread over the State, 
he sold his lands under the inllation of that period 
and removed to Joliet. In 1838 he became a heavy 
contractor on the Illinois & Michigan Canal. Upon 
the completion of his job in 1841, when hard times 
prevailed, business at a stand, contracts paid in State 
scrip; when all the public works except the canal 
were abandoned, the State offered for sale 700 tons 
of railroad iron, which was purchased by Mr. Mat- 
teson at a b.ugain. This he accepted, shipped and 
sold at Detroit, realizing a very handsome profit, 
enough to pay off all his canal debts and leave him a 
surplus of several thousand dollars. His enterprise 
next i)rompted him to start a woolen mill at Joliet, 
in which he prospered, and which, after successive 
enlargements, became an enormous establishment. 

In 1S42 he was first elected a State Senator, but, 
l)y a bungling apiiortionment, John Pearson, a Senator 
holdi'ig over, was found to be in the same district, 
and decided to be entitled to represent it. Mat- 
tcion's seat wa-: declared vacant. Pearson, however 
with a nobleness difficult to appreciate in this day of 


greed tor office, unwilling to represent his district 
under the circumstances, immediately resigned his 
unexpired term of two years. A bill was passed in a 
few hours ordering a new election, and in ten days' 
time Mr. Matteson was returned re-elected and took 
his seat as Senator. From his well-known capacity 
as a business man, he was made Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance, a position he held during 
this half and t>vo full succeeding Senatorial terms, 
discharging its important duties with ability and faith- 
ful aess. Beside-5 his extensive woolen-mill interest, 
when work was resumed on the canal under the new 
loan of $1,600,000 he again became a heavy con- 
tractor, and also subsequently operated largely in 
building railroads. Thus he showed himself a most 
energetic and ihorougli business man. 

He was nominated for Governor by the Demo- 
cratic State Convention which met at Springfield 
April 20, 1 85 2. Other candidates before the Con- 
vention were D. L. Gregg and F. C. Sherman, of 
Cook ; John Dement, of Lee ; Thomas L. Harris, of 
Menard; Lewis W. Ross, of Fulton ; and D. 1'. Busii, 
of Pike. Gustavus Koerner, of St. Clair, was nom- 
inated for 1-ieutenant Governor. For the same offices 
ihe Whigs nominated Edwin B. Webb and Dexter .A. 
Knoulton. Mr, Matteson received 80,645 votes at 
the election, while Mr. Webb received 64,408. Mat- 
teson's forte was not on the slump; he had not cul- 
livaled the art of oily flattery, or the faculty of being 
all things to all men. His intellectual qualities took 
r.ither the direction of efficient executive ability. His 
turn consisted not so much in the adroit mana^e- 
nicnt of party, or the povverful advocacy of great gov- 
ernmental principles, as in those more solid and 
enduring operations wliich cause the pliysical devel- 
o[)ment and advancement of a State, — of cummerce 
and business enterprise, inio wliich he labored with 
success to lead the people. As a politician he was 
just and liberal in his views, and both in official and 
private life he then stood untainted and free from 
l)lemish. .As a man, in active benevolence, social 
rirtues and all the amial)le qualities of neighbor or 
rilizen, he had i<i\\ superiors. His messages [iresent 
a perspicuous array of facts as to the condition of the 
State, and are often conclied in forcible and elegant 

The greatest excitement during his term of office 
was the repeal of the Missouri Comi)romise, by Con- 

gress, under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas in 
1 85 4, when the bill was passed organizing the Terri- 
tory of Kansas and Nebraska. A large portion of 
the Whig party of the North, through their bitter op- 
position to the Democratic party, naturally drifted 
into the doctrine of anti-slavery, and thus led to what 
was temporarily called the " Anti- Nebraska " party, 
while the followers of Douglas were known as " Ne- 
braska or Douglas Democrats. " It was during this 
embryo stage of the Republican party that Abraham 
Lincoln was brought forward as the "Anti-Nebraska" 
candidate for the United States Senatorship, while 
Gen. James Shields, the incumbent, was re-nom- 
inated by the Democrats. But after a fewballotings 
in the Legislature (1855), these men were dropped, 
and Lyman Trumbull, an Anti-Nebraska Democrat, 
was brought up by the former, and Mr. Matteson, 
then Governor, by the latter. On the nth ballot 
Mr. Trumbull obtained one majority, and was ac- 
cordingly declared elected. Before Gov. Matteson 's 
lerm expired, the Re])ublicans were fully organized 
as a national party, and in 1S56 put into the field a 
full national and State ticket, carrying the Slate, but 
not the nation. 

The Legislature of r855 passed two very import- 
ant measures, — the present free-school system and a 
submission of the Maine liquor law to a vote of the 
people. The latter was defeated by a small majority 
of the popular vot^e. 

During the four years of Gov. ALatteson's admin- 
istration the taxable wealth of the State was about 
trebled, from $137,818,079 to $349,951,272; the pub- 
lic debt was reduced from $17,398,985 to $12,843,- 
144; taxation was at the same time reduced, and the 
State resumed paying interest on its debt in New 
V'ork as fast as it fell due; railroads were increased 
in their mileage from something less than 400 to 
about 3,000 ; and the population of Chicago was 
nearly doubled, and its commerce more than quad- 

Before closing this account, we regret that we have 
to say that Mr. Matteson, in all other respects an 
upright man and a good Governor, was implicated 
in a false re-issue of redeemed canal serin, amount- 
ing to $224,182.66. By a suit in the Sangamon Cir- 
cuit Court the State recovered the jirincipal and all 
tlie interest excepting ,$27,500. 

He died in tlie winter of 1S7 2-3, at Chicago. 



%3^,'5?:j:g&^> Ills 

ernor 1S57-60, viMs born 
- A])r'l 25, iSi I, ill the 
5.atv; of New York, near 
Panued Post, Yales County, 
[wrents were obscure, 
lionest. God-fearing people, 
who reared their children under the daily 
e.\anii)le of ihdusliy and frugality, accord- 
ing to the custom of tliat class of Eastern 
society. Mr. Bissell received a respecta- 
ble but not thorough academical education. 
^^?Ki^ By assiduous application he acquired a 
' '&n^ knowledge of medicine, and in his early 
'^^ manhood came West and located in Mon- 
roe County, this State, where he engaged in the 
practice of that profession. But he was not enam- 
ored of his calling: lie was swayed by a broader 
ambition, to such an extent that the mysteries of the 
healing art and its arduous duties failed to yield liim 
furtlier any charms. In a few years he discovered 
his choice of a profession to be a mistake, and when 
lie approached the age of 30 he sought to begin 
anew. Dr. Bissell, no doubt uncx[)ectedly to him- 
self, discovered a singular facility and charm of 
speech, the exercise of which acc]uired for him a 
ready local notoriety. It soon came to be under- 

stood thai he desired 10 abandon his profession and 
lake uj) that of the law. During terms of Court he 
would spend his time at the county seat aimong the 
members of tlie Bar, who extended to him a ready 

ll was not strange, tlierefore, that lie slioidtl drift 
into public life. In 1840 he was elected as a Dem- 
ocrat to the Legislature from Monroe County, and an efficient member of that body. On his re- 
turn home lie tpialified himself for admission to the 
liar and speedily rose to the front rank as an advo- 
cate. His powers of oratory were caiitivating. With a 
p\ire diction, charming and inimitable gestures, 
clearness of statement, and a remarkable vein of sly 
humor, his efforts before a jury told with irresistible 
effect. He was chosen by the Legislature Prosecut- 
ing Attorney for the Circuit in which he lived, and 
in that position he fully discharged his duty to the 
.Stale, gained the esteem of the Bar, and seldom 
failed to convict the offender of the law. 

In stature he was somewhat tall and slender, and 
with a straight, military bearing, lie presented a dis- 
tinguished appearance. His complexion was dark, 
his head well poised, though not large, his address 
pleasant and manner winning. He was exemplary 
in his habits, a devoted husband and kind parent. 
He was twice married, the first time to Miss lames, 



ol Monroe County, by whom he had two children, 
botli daughters. She died soon after the year 1S40, 
and Mr. B. married for his second wife a daughter 
of Elias K. Kane, previously a United States Senator 
from this State. She survived hi.ii 'nit a short time, 
and died without issue. 

When the war wilh Mexico was decUued in 1S46, 
Mr. Bissell enhsted and was elected Colonel of his 
regi';ient, over Hon. \^o\\ Morrison, by an almost 
unanimous vote, — .807 to 6. Considering the limited 
opportunities he had had, he evinced a high order of 
military talent. ()ii the bloody field of Buena Vista 
he acquitted himself with intrepid and distinguished 
ability, contributing with his regiment, the Second 
Illinois, in no small degree toward saving the waver- 
ing fortunes of our arms during that long and fiercely 
contested battle. 

After his return home, at the close of the war, he 
was elected to Congress, his opponents l)eing the 
lions. P. B. Fouke and Joseph Gillespie. He served 
two terms in Congress. He was an ardent politician. 
Oaring the great contest of 1850 he voted in favor 
of the adjustment measures; but in 1854 he opposed 
I'ne reijeal of the Missouri Compromise act and 
therefore the Kansas-Nebraska bill of Douglas, and 
thus became identified with the nascent Republican 

Dating liis first Congressional term, while the 
Southern members were following their old practice 
of intimidating the North by bullying language, 
and claiming most of the credit for victories in the 
Mexican War, and Jefferson Davis claiming for the 
Mississippi troops all the credit for success at Buena 
Vista, Mr. Bissell bravely defended the Northern 
troops : whereupon Davis challenged Bissell to a duel, 
which was accepted. This matter was brought u|) 
against Bissell when he was candidate for Governor 
and during his term of office, as the Constitution of 
this State forbade any duelist from holding a State 

In 1 85 6, when the Republican party first put forth 
a candidate, John C. Fremont, for President of the 
United States, the same party nominated Mr. Bissell 
for Governor of Illinois, and John Wood, of Quincy, 
for Li.nitenant Governor, while the Democrats nomi- 
nated Hon. W. A. Richardson, of Adams County, 
for Governor, and Col. R. J. Hamilton, of Cook 
County, f."- Lieutcn.uit Governor. The result of the 

election was a plurality of 4,729 votes over Richard- 
son. The American, or Know-Nothing, party had a 
ticket in the field. The Legislature was nearly bal- 
anced, but was politically opposed to the Governor. 
His message to the Legislature was short and rather 
ordinary, and was criticised for expressing the sup- 
posed obligations of the people to the incorporators 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and for re- 
opening the slavery question by allusions to the 
Kansas troubles. Late in the session an apportion- 
ment bill, based upon the State census of 1855, was 
passed, amid much partisan strife. The Governor 
at first signed the bill and then vetoed it. A furious 
debate followed, and the question whether the Gov- 
ernor had the authority to recall a signature was 
referred to the Courts, that of last resort deciding in 
favor of the Governor. Two years afterward another 
outrageous attempt was made for a re-apportionment 
and to gerrymander the State, but the Legislature 
failed to pass the bill over the veto of the Governor. 

It was during Gov. Bissell's administration that 
the notorious canal scrip fraud was brought to light, 
'mplicating ex-Gov. Matteson and other prominent 
State officials. The principal and interest, aggregat- 
ing ;$255,5oo, was all recovered by the State except- 
ing $27,500. (See sketch of Gov. Matteson.) 

In 1859 an attempt was discovered to fraudu- 
lently refund the Macalister and Stebbins bonds aiid 
thus rob the State Treasury of nearly a quarter of a 
million dollars. The State Government was impli- 
cated in this affair, and to this day remains unex- 
plained or unatoned for. For the above, and other 
matters previously mentioned, Gov. Bissell has been 
severely criticised, and he has also been most shame- 
fully libelled and slandered. 

On account of e.xposure in the army, the remote 
cause of a nervous form of disease gained entrance 
into his system and eventually developed paraplegia, 
affecting his lower extremities, which, while it left 
his body in com|)arative health, deprived him of loco- 
motion except by the aid of crutches. While he was 
generally hopeful of ultimate recovery, this myste- 
rious disease pursued him, without once relaxing its 
stealthy hold, to the close of his life, March 18, 
i860, over nine months before the expiration of hi-, 
gubernatorial term, at the early age of 48 years. He 
died in the faith of the Roman Catholic Church. 0/ 
I which ne har» been a member since 1854. 



Governors of Illinois. 


f/'^..^ 'HN WOOD, Govcrno.' i.SCo-i.aiul 
^il \i^~ the first settler of (^uincy, III., 
was luim in the town of Scmi>ni- 
■c- ■ ifpi >.' '. niiis (now Moravia), Cavutra Co., 
\^.-~'^ SJl L .,•:•' N. v., Due. 20, 1798. Hu was 
the second child and only son ot 
Dr. Daniel Wood. His mother, 
iiiC (.'.ilherine Cranse, was- of 
German [xirentage, and died 
while he was an infant. Dr. 
Wood war, a learned and skillful 
physician, of classical attain- 
ments and proficient in several 
modern lai guages, who, after 
serving throughoat the Revolu- 
tionary War as a Surgeon, settled on the land granted 
liim by the Government, and resided there a re- 
spected and leading infltience in his section until his 
death, at the ripe age of 92 years. 

The subject of this sketch, impelled by the spirit 
of Western adventure then [icrvading everywhere, 
left his home, Nov. 2, iSiS, and passed the succeed- 
ing winter in Cincinnati, Ohio. The following sum- 
mer he pushed on to Illinois, landing at Shawneetown, 
and spent the fall and following winter in Calhoun 
County. In 1S20, in company with Willard Keyes, 
he settled in Pike County, about 30 miles southeast 
■of Quincy, where for the next two years he pursued 
farming. In 1821 he visited "thelSlufifs" (as the 
present site of Quincy was called, then uninhabited) 
and, pleased with its prospects, soon after purchased 
a quarter-section of land near Ijy, and in the follow- 
ing fall (1822) erected near the river a small cabin, 

18 X 20 feet, the first building in Quincy, of whiih 
he then became the first and for some months the 
only occupant. 

.'\bout this tir/ie he visitetl his old friends in Pike 
County, chief of whom was William Ross, the lead- 
ing man in building up the village of Atlas, of that 
county, which was thought then to be the possible 
commencement of a city. One day they and others' 
were traveling together over the country between the 
two points named, making observations on the com- 
parative merits of the respective localities. On ap- 
|)roaching the Mississippi near Mr. Wood's place, 
the latter told his companions to follow him and he 
would show them where he was going to build a city. 
They went about a mile off the main trail, to a high 
point, from which the view in every direction was 
most magnificent, as it had been for ages and as yel 
untouched by the hand of man. Before them swept 
by the majestic Father of Waters, yet unburdened by 
navigation. After Mr. Wood had expatiated at 
length on the advantages of the situation; Mr. Ros.s 
replied, "But it's too near .Atlas ever to amoiuit to 

Atlas is still a cultivated farm, and (j»uincy is .•> 
city of over 30,000 i)0[)ulation. 

In 1824 .Mr. Wood gave a newspaper notice, 
as the law then prescribed, of his intention to ajjply 
to the General Assembly for the formation of a new 
county. This was done the following winter, result- 
ing in the establishment of the present Adams 
County. During the next summer Quincy was se- 
lected as the county, it and the vicinity th.en 
containing but four adult male residents and half 



that number of females. Siiic-e that period ISIr. 
Wood resided at the place of his early adoption un- 
til his death, and far more than any other man was 
he identified with every measure of its progress and 
history, and almost continuously kept in public ])osi- 

He was one of the early town Trustees, and after 
the place became a city he was often a member of 
ihe City Council, many times elected Mayor, in the 
'"ace _of a constant large opposition political majority. 
in 1S50 he was elected to the State Senate. In 1S56, 
on the organization of the Republican party, he was 
chosen Lieutenant Governor of the State, on the 
ticket with Wm. H. Bissell for Governor, and on the 
death of the latter, ]March iS, 1S60, he succeeded to 
tiie Chief Executive chair, which he occupied until 
Gov. Yates v/as inaugurated nearly ten months after- 

Nothing very marked characterized the adminis- 
tration of Gov. \Vood. The great ami-slavery cam- 
paign nf i860, resulting in the election of the honest 
r.linoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the Presidency of the 
United States, occurred during the short period 
while Mr. Wood was Governor, and tne excitement 
and issues of that struggle dominated over every 
other consideration, — indeed, supplanted them in a 
great measure. The people of Illinois, during all 
that time, were passing the comparatively petty strifes 
under Bissell's administration to the overwhelming 
issue of preserving the whole nation from destruction. 

In 1861 e.\-Gov. Wood was one of the five Dele- 
gates from Illinois to the " Peace Convention " at 
Washingtoii, and in April of the san.e year, on the 
breaking out of the Rebellion, he was appointed 

Quartermaster-General of the State, which position 
he held throughout the war. In 1864 he took com- 
mand as Colonel of the 137th 111. Vol. Inf., with 
whom he served until the period of enlistment ex- 

Politically, Gov. Wood was always actively identi- 
fied with the Whig and Republican parties. Few 
men liave in personal experience comprehended so 
many surprising and advancing local changes as 
vested in the more than half century recollections of 
Gov. Wood. Sixty-four years ago a solitary settler 
on the "Bluffs," with no family, and no neighbor 
within a score of miles, the world of civilization away 
behind him, and the strolling almost his 
only visitant, he lived to see growing around him, 
and under his auspices and aid, overspreading the 
wild hills and scraggy forest a teaming city, second 
only in size in the State, and surpassed nowhere in 
beauty, prosperity and promise ; whose people recog- 
nize as with a single voice the proverbial honor and 
liberality that attach to the name and lengthened 
life of their pioneer settler, "the old Governor." 

Gov. Wood was twice married, — first in January, 
1S2C, to Ann M. Streeter, daughterof Joshua Streeter, 
formerly of Salem, Washington Co., N. Y. They had 
eight children. Mrs. W. died Oct. 8, 1863, and in 
June, 1S65, Gov. Wood married Mrs. Mary A., widow 
of Rev. Joseph T. Holmes. Gov. Wood died June 4, 
18S0, at his residence in Quincy. Four of his eight 
children are now living, namely: Ann E., wife of 
Gen. John Tillson; Daniel C, who married Mary J. 
Abernethy; John, Jr., who married Josephine Skinner, 
and Joshua S., who married Annie Bradley. The 
last mentioned now resides at Atchison, Kansas, and 
all the rest are still at Quincy. 




1^^ i -c; i\ u r (1 Y a t Q ^ . 

'^"^ICHARD YATF:S, the "War 
i,** Governor,'' 1861-4, was born 
?4« Jan. 18, 1S18, on the banks oi" 
I,, the Ohio River, at Warsaw, 
%' Gallatin Co., Ky. His father 
'" moved in 1831 to Illinois, and^ 
afier stopping for a time in 
Springfield, settled at Island 
Grove, Sangamon County. Here, 
after attending school, Richard joined 
the family. Subsequently he entered 
Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
where, in 1837, he graduated with 
first honors. He chose for his pro- 
fession the law, the Hon. J. J. Har- 
din being his instructor. .After ad- 
mission to the Bar he soon rose to distinction as an 

Gifted with a fluent and ready oratory, he noon 
a])peared in the political hustings, and, being a 
passionate admirer of the great Whig leader of the 
West. Henry Clay, he joined his political fortunes to 
he party of his idol. In 1840 he engaged with great 
'■rdor in the exciting " hard cider " camjjaign for 
rfarrison. Two years later he was electeil to the 
Legislature from Morgan County, a Democratic 
stronghold. He served three or four terms in the 
Legislature, and such was the fascination of his ora- 
L^ry that by 1850 his large Congressional District, 
extending from Morgan and Sangamon Counties 
. orth to include LaSalle, unanimously tendered him 
!ne ^Vhig nomination for Congress. His Democratic 
opponent was Maj. Thomas L. Harris, a very pop- 
ular man who had won distinction at the battle of 
Cerro Gordo, in the Mexican War, and who had 
aeaten Hon. Stephen T. Logan for the same position, 

two before, by a large uiajorily. Yates wa.= 
elected. Two years later he was re-elet.ted, over 
John Calhoun. 

It was during Yates second Icnn in Congre^is that 
the great question of the repeal uf the Missouri Com- 
promise was agitated, and the bars laid down for re- 
opening the dreaded anti-slavery question. He look 
strong grounds against the repeal, and thus became 
identified with the rising Republican party. Conse- 
quently he fell into the minority in his district, which 
was pro-slavery. Even then, in a third contest, he 
fell behind Major Harris only i^oo votes, after the 
district had two years betore given Pierce 2,000 
majority for President. 

The Republican State Convention of iSCo met at 
Decatur May 9, and nominated for the office of Gov- 
ernor Mr. Yates, in preference to Hon. Norman B. 
Judd, of Chicago, and Leonard Swett, of Blooming- 
ton, two of the ablest men of the State, who were 
also catididates before the Convention. Francis .\. 
Hoffman, of DuPage County, was nominated for 
Lieutenant Governor. This was the year when I\Ir. 
Lincoln was a candidate for President, a period re- 
membered as characterized by the great whirlpool 
which precipitated the bloody W it of the Rebellion. 
The Douglas Democrats nominated J. C. .Allen of 
Crawford County, for Governor, and Lewis W. Ro-s, 
i)f Fulton County, for Lieutenant Governor. riic 
Breckenridge Democrats and the Bell-Everett pariy 
had also full tickets in the field. After a most fear- 
ful campaign, the result of the election gave Mr. 
Yates 172,196 votes, and Mr. Allen 159,253. Mr. 
Yates received over a thousand more votes than did 
Mr. Lincoln himself. 

Gov. Yates occupied the chair of State during the 



most critical ptriud uf (uir country's history. In the 
fate of the nation was involved that of each State. 
The life struggle of tlie former derived its sustenance 
from the Ljyalty of the latter; and Gov. Yates 
seemed to realize the situation, and proved himself 
both loyal and wise in upholding the Government. 
He had a deep hold ui)0n the affections of tlie 
people, won by his moving eloquence and genial 
manners. Erect and symmetrical in person, of pre- 
possessing appearance, with a winning address and a 
magnetic power, few men possessed more of the ele- 
ments of popularity. His oratory was scholarly and 
captivating, his hearers hardly knowing why they 
were transported. He was social and convivial. In 
the latter respect he ultimately carried too far. 

The very creditable military efforts of this State 
during the War of the Rebellion, in putting into the 
field the enormous number of about 200,000 soldiers, 
were ever promptly and ably seconded by his excel- 
lency ; and the was ambitious to deserve the title of 
"the soldier's friend." Immediately after the battleof 
Shiloh he re[)aired to the field of carnage to look 
after the wounded, and his appe.ils for aid were 
promptly responded to by the [teople. His procla- 
mations calling for volunteers were inipassionatc 
appeals, urging u[)on the people the d.ities and re- 
quirenrents of patriotism ; and his special messagt- 
in iSe^ to the Democratic Legislature of this State 
pleading for material aid for the sick and wounded 
soldiers of Illinois regiments, breathes a deep fervor 
of noble sentiment and feeling rarely equaled in 
beauty or felicity of exiiression. Generally his mes- 
sages on political and civil aff.iirs were able and com- 
prehensive. Duviiig ills administration, however, 
there were no civil events of an engrossing character, 
although two years of his time were replete with 
partisan quarrels of great bitterness. Military ar- 
rests, Knights of the Golden Circle, riot in Fulton 
County, attemjited suppression of the Chicago Tiiiu-s 
and the usurping State Constitutional Convention of 
1862, were the chief local topics that were exciting 
during the Governor's term. This Convention assem- 
bled Jan. 7, and at once took the high position that 
■'le law calling it was no longer binding, and that it 
ad supreme power; that it represented a virtual 
assemblage of the whole people of the S'ate, and was 
sovereign in the exercise of all power necessary to 
f ffect a )3eaceable revolution of the St,;ite Government 

and to tire re-establishment of one for the "happiness, 
prosperity and freedom of the citizens," limited only 
by the Federal Constitution. Notwithstanding the 
law calling the Convention required its members to 
take an oath to support the Constitution of the State 
as well as that of the general Govermiient, they 
utterly refused to take such oath. They also as- 
sumed legislative powers and passed several import- 
ant "laws!" Interfering with the (then) present 
executive duties, Gov. Yates was provoked to tell 
them plainly that " he did not acknowledge the right 
of the Conveirtion to instruct him in the performance 
of his duty." 

In iS63the Governor astonished the Democrats 
by " proroguing " their Legislature. This body, after 
a recess, met June 2, that year, and soon began to 
waste time upon various partisan resolutions ; and, 
while the two houses were disagreeing upon th.e 
question of adjourning ««d? die, the Governor, having 
the authority in such cases, surprised them all by 
adjourning them " to the Saturday next preceding the 
fnst Monday in January, 1865 ! " This led to great 
e.\i:iteinent and confusion, and to a reference of the 
Governor's act to the Supreme Court, who decided in 
his favor. Then it was the Court's turn to receive 
abuse for weeks and months afterward. 

During the autumn of 1864 a conspiracy was de- 
tected at Chicago which had for its object the liber- 
ation of the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, the 
burning of the city and the inauguration of rebellion 
in the North. Gen. Sweet, who had charge of the 
camp at the time, first had his suspicions of danger 
aroused by a number of enigmatically worded letters 
which passed through the Camp postoflice. .\ de- 
tective afterward discovered that the rebel Gen. 
Marmaduke was in the city, under an assumed 
name, and he, with otlier rebel officers — Grenfell, 
Morgan, Cantrell, Buckner Morris, and Charles 
Walsh — was arrested, most of whom were convicted 
by a court-martial at Cincinnati and sentenced to 
imprisonment, — Grenfell to be iiung. The sentence 
of the latter was afterwaid connnuted to imiirison- 
ment for life, and all the others, after nine months' 
imprisonment, were pardoned. 

In March, 1873, Gov. Yates was appointed a Gov- 
ernment Director of the Union Pacific Railroad, in 
whii:h. office he continued until his decease, at St, 
Louis, Mo,, on the 27th of November following. 



Mieliiard J. 

';5^;UC'HAR1) j. OGLKSliY, C'luv- 
;■** tnior 1865-8, and rc-cleclcd 
,>, in 1 87 2 and 18S4, was l)orn 
) July 25, 1S24, in Oldham C"ii., 
'-*■' Ky., — the State which uiiglil 
f-Vv^ be considered the " mother of 
Illinois Governors." Bereft of 
" his parents at the tender a^e 
o{ eight years, his early edncation 
was neglected. When 12 years of 
age, and after he had worked a year 
and a half at the carpenter's trade, 
he removed with an uncle, Willis 
Oglesby, into whose care he had 
been committed, to Decatur, this 
State, where he continued liis ap- 
prenticeship as a mechanic, working six months for 
Hon. E. O. Smith. 

In 1844 he commenced studying law at .Spring- 
field, with Judge Silas Robbins, and read witli him 
one year. He was admitted to the Bar in 1845, and 
commenced the practice of his chosen i)rofession at 
Sullivan, the county seat of Moultrie ('ounty. 

The next year the war with Mexico was com- 
menced, and in June, 1846, Mr. Oglesby volunteered, 
was elected First Lieutenant of Co. C, Fourth Illinois 
Regiment of Volunteers, and participated in the bat- 
tles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo. 

On his return he sought to perfect his law studies 
by attending a course of lectures at Louisville, but 
on the breaking out of the California "gold fever " in 
1849, he crossed the plains and mountains to the 
riew Eldorado, driving a six-mule team, with a coui- 

l>any of eight men, Henry I'r.ulier being the leader. 

In 1852 he returned home lo Macon Coimty, and 
was placed that year by the Wliig party on the ticket 
of Presidential Electors. In 1856 he visited Europe, 
Asia and .\frica, being absent 20 months. On his 
return home he resu ned the practice oflaw, asa 
member of the firm of Gallagher, Wait & Oglesby. 
In 1S58 he was the Republican no.ninee for the 
L-)wer House of Congress, but was defeated by the 
Hon. James C. Robinson, Democrat. In i860 he 
was elected to the Illinois State Senate ; and on the 
evening the returns of this election were coming in, 
Mr. Oglesby had a fisticuff encounter with " Cerro 
Gordo Williams," in which he came out victorious, 
and which was regarded as " the first light of the 
Rebellion." The following spring, when the 
had commenced in earnest, his ardent nature 
quickly responded to the demands of patriotisra and 
he enlisted. The extra session of the Legislature 
elected him Colonel of the Eighth Illinois Infantry, 
the second one in the State raised to suppress the 
great Rebellion. 

He was shortly eiitrusted with im|)oriant com- 
niands. For a time he was stationed at Bird's Point 
and Cairo; in April he was promoted Brigadier Gen- 
eral; at Fort Donelson his brigade was in the v,u\, 
being stationed on the right of General Grant's army 
and the first brigade to be attacked. He lost 500 
men before re-inforcements arrived. Many of these 
men were from Macon County. He was engaged \\ 
the battle of Corinth, and, in a brave charge at this 
place, was shot in the left lung with an ounce ball, 
and was carried from the field in expectation of im- 



mediate deatli. 'I'liat rel)el ball he carries to this 
day. t)ii his partial recovery he was promoted as 
Major General, for gilLintry, his commissioa to rank 
from November, 1862. In the spring of 1863 he 
was assigned to the command of the i6ih Army 
Corps, but, owing to inability from the effects of his 
wound, he relincpiished this command in July, that 
year. Gen. Grant, however, refused to accept his 
resignation, and he was detailed, in December follow- 
ing, to court-martial a id try the Surgeon General of 
the Army at Washington, where he remained until 
May, 1864, when he returned home. 

The Republican, or Union, State Coiivenlion of 

1864 was held at Si)rin.;rield, May 25, when Mr. 
Oglesby was nominated tor the office of Governor, 
while other candidates before the Convention were 
Allen (". Fuller, of Boone, Jesse K. Dubois, of Sanga- 
mon, and John M. Palmer, of Macoupin. VVm. 
Bross, of Chicago, was nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor. On the Demtjcratic State ticket were 
James C. Robinson, of Clark, for Governor, and S. 
Corning Judd, of Fulton, for Lieutenant Governor. 
The general election gav_- Gen. Oglesby a majority 
of about 3r,ooo votes. The Republicans had also a 
majority in both tU.- Legislature and in the repre- 
sentation in Congress. 

Gov. Oglesby was duly inaugurated Jan. 17, 1S65. 
The day before the first time set for his installation 
death visited his lu ne at Decatur, and took from it 
his only son, an intelligent and sprightly lad of six 
years, a great favorite of the bereaved parents. This 
caused the inauguration to be postponed a week. 

The political events of the Legislative session of 

1865 were the electioii of ex-Gov. Yates to the 
United Slates Senate, and the ratification of the 13th 
amendaient to tiie Constitution of the United States, 
abolishing slavery. This session also signalized 
itself by repealing the notorioui " black laws," part 
of which, although a dead letter, had held their place 
upon the statute books since 1S19. Also, laws re- 
quiring the registration of voters, and establishing a 
State Board of Equalization, were passed by this Leg- 
islature. But the same body evinced that it was cor- 
ruptly influenced by a mercenary lobby, as it adopted 
some bad legislation, over the Governor's veto, nota- 
bly an amendment to a charter for a Cliicago horse 
railway, granted in 1S59 for 25 \ ears, and now 
sought to be extended 99 years. As this measure 
was promptly passed ov-r his veto by both branches 
of the Legislature, he deemed it useless further to 
attempt to check their headlong career. At this 
session no law of a general useful character or public 
interest was perfected, unless we count such the 
♦urning over of the canal to Chic;^go to be deepened. 
The session of 1S67 was still more jiroductive of 
private and special acts. Many omnibus bills were 
nrop^sed, and some passed. Tiie contests over the 
.,;i.a'ioii of th^ Industrial College, the Capital, the 

Southern Penitentiary, and the canal enlargement 
and Illinois River improvement, dominated every 
thing else. 

During the year 1S72, it became evident that if 
the Republicans could re-elect Mr. Oglesby to the 
office of Governor, they could also elect him to the 
United States Senate, which they desired to do. 
Accordingly they re-nominated him for the Exeiu- 
tive chair, and placed upon the ticket with him for 
Lieutenant Governor, John L. Beveridge, of Cook 
County. On the other side the Democrats put int.o 
the field Gustavus Koerner for Governor and John 
C. Black for Lieutenant Governor. The election 
gave the Republican ticket majorities ranging from 
3S'334 to 50,174, — the Democratic defection being 
caused mainly by their h.iving an old-time Whig and 
Abolitionist, Horace Greeley, on the national ticket 
for President. According to the general understand- 
ing had beforehand, as soon as the Legislature met 
it elected Gov. Oglesby to the United States Senate, 
whereupon Mr. Beveridge became Governor. Sena- 
tor Oglesby 's term expired March 4, 1S79, having 
served his party faithfully and exhibited an order of 
statesmanship beyond criticism. 

During the campaign of 1884 Mr. Oglesby was 
nominated for a "third term" as Executive of the 
State of Illinois, against Carter H. Harrison, Mayor 
of Cliicago, nominated by the Democrats. Both 
gentlemen "slumped " the State, and while the peo- 
l^le elected a Legislature which was a tie on a joint 
ballot, as between the two parties, they gave the 
jovial " Dick" Oglesby a ni.ijority of 15,018 for Gov- 
ernor, and he was inaugurated Jan. 30, 1S85. The 
Legislature did not fully organize until this date, 0:1 
account of its equal division between the two niaio 
parties and the consequent desperate tactics of ea<. li 
party to checkmate the latter in the organization of 
the House. 

Gov. Oglesby is a fine-appearing, affable man, with 
regular, well defined features and rotund face. In 
stature he is a little above medium height, of a large 
frame and somewhat fleshy. His physical a|)pear- 
ance is striking and prepossessing, while his straight- 
out, not to say bluff, manner and speech are well 
calculated favorably to impress the average masses. 
Ardent in feeling and strongly committed to the pol- 
icies of his party, he intensifies Republicanism 
among Republicans, while at the same time his jovial 
and liberal manner prevents those of the opposite 
party from hating him. 

He is quite an effective stump orator. With vehe- 
ment, passionate and scornful tone and gestures, 
tremendous physical power, which in speaking he 
exercises to the utmost; with frequent descents to 
the grotesque; and with abundant homely compari- 
sons or frontier figures, expressed in tlie broadest 
vernacular and enforced with stentorian emphasis, 
he delights a promiscuous audience beyond measure, 

<^:^^^^^^'^-^ ^ 



John M. Paljiem 

... r^. V', r . r 

.' I' '. . v. >'ti:^ V^^t^t^t^^? t M 


''■*:OHN Mc AULF.Y PALMER, Gov- 

,rt§*« enior 1869-72, was born on 

^■'- Eaele Creek, Scott Co., Ky , 
f' ... 

Sept. 13, 1S17. During his in- 

?•' fancy, his father, who had been 
a soldier in the war of 1812. re- 
mo\ed to Chrislian Co., Ky., 
where lands were cheap. Here 
the future Governor of the great 
Prairie State spent his childhood 
and received such meager school- 
ing as the new and s])arsely set- 
tled country afforded. To this 
he added materially by diligent 
reading, for which he evinced an 
His father, an ardent Jackson man, 
v%-as also noted for his anti-slavery sentiments, which 
he thoroughly impressed upon his children. In 1831 
he emigrated to Illinois, settling in Madison County. 
Here the labor of improving a farm was pursued for 
alx ut two years, when the death of Mr. Palmer's 
;;>.(): her broke up the family. 'About this time Alton 
College was opened, on the "manual labor " system, 
and in the spring of 1834 young Palmer, with his 
elder brother, Elihu, entered this school and remained 
18 months. Next, for over three years, he tried 
variously coopering, peddling and school-teaching. 

During the summer of 1S38 he formed the ac- 
quaintance of Stephen A. Douglas, then making his 

cady aptitude. 

first canvass for Congress. Young, eloquent and in 
political accord with Mr. Palmer, he won his confi- 
dence, fired his ambition and fixed his purpose. The 
following winter, while teaching near Canton, he be- 
gan to devote his spare time to a desultory reading 
of la.v, and in the spring entered a law oftice at Car- 
liiuille, making his home with his elder brother, 
Elihu. (The latter was a learned clergyman, of con- 
siderable orginality of thought and doctrine.) On 
the next meeting of the Supreme Court he was ad- 
mitted to the Bar, Douglas being one of his examiners. 
He was not immediately successful in his profession, 
and would have located elsewhere than Carlinville 
had he the requisite means. Thus his early poverty 
was a blessing in disguise, for to it he now attributes 
the success of his life. 

From 1839 on, while he diligently pursued his 
profession, he participated more or less in local 
politics. In 1843 he became Probate Judge. Iii 
1S47 he was elected to the State Constitutional Con- 
vention, where he took a leading part. In 1852 ht 
was elected to the State Senate, and at the special 
session of February, 1854, true to the anti-slaverj 
sentiments bred in him, he took a firm stand in op 
position to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise 
and when the Nebraska question became a i)art; 
issue he refused to receive a re-noinination for tin 
Senatorship at the hands of the Democracy, issuin; 
a circular to that effect. A few weeks afterward 



however, hesitating to break with his party, he par- 
ticipated in a Congressional Convention which noini- 
T. L. Harris against Richard Yates, and which 
unqualifiedly approved the principles of the Kansas- 
Nebraska act. But later in the campaign he made 
the plunge, ran for the Senate as an Anti-Nebraska 
Democrat, and was elected. The following winter 
he put in nomination for the United States Senate 
Mr. Trumbull, and was one of the five steadfast men 
who voted for liim until all the Whigs came to their 
support and elected their man. 

In 1856 he was Chairman of the Republican State 
Convention at Bloouiington. He ran for Congress in 
1859, but was defeated. In i860 he was Republican 
Presidential Elector for the State at large. In 1S61 
he was appointed one of the five Delegates (all Re- 
publicans) sent by Illinois to the peace congress at 

When the civil conflict broke out, he offered his 
services to his country, and was elected Colonel of the 
14th 111. Vol. Inf , and participated in the engagements 
at Island No. 10; at Farniington, where he skillfully 
extricated his command from a dangerous posiiion ; 
at Stone River, where his division for several hours, 
Dec. 31, 1862, held the advance and stood like a 
rock, and for his gallantry there he was made M.njor 
General; at Chickamauga, where his and Van Cleve's 
divisions for two hours maintained their position 
when they were cut off by overpowering numbers 
Under Gen, Sherman, he was assigned to the i4lh 
Army Corps and participated in the Atlanta campaign. 
At Peach-Tree Creek his prudence did much to avert 
disaster. In February, 1865, Gen. Palmer was as- 
signed to the military administration of Kentucky, 
which was a delicate post. That State was about 
half rebel and half Union, and those of the latter 
element were daily frelted by the loss of their slaves. 
He, who had been bred to the rules of common law, 
trembled at the contemplation of his extraordinary 
power over the persons and property of his fellow 
men, with which he was vested in his capacity as 
military Governor; and he exhibited great caution in 
the execution of the duties of his post. 

Gen. Palmer was nominated for Governor of Illi- 
nois by the Republican State Convention which met 
at Peori.i May 6, i.S6'^, a:ul hii noinin.ilion wouhl 
probably have been made by ,i< cl iinalion had he not 
oersistenily declared that he could not accept a can- 

didature for the office. The result of the ensuing 
election gave Mr. Pahiier a majority of 44,707 over 
John R. Eden, the Democratic nominee. 

On the meeting of the Legislature in January, 
1S69, the first thing to arrest public attention was 
that portion of the Governor's message which took 
broad State's rights ground, I'his and some minor 
pjints, whi;h were mjre in keeping with the Demo- 
cratic sentiment, constituted the e.itering wedge f>r 
the criticisms and reproofs he afterward received 
fio n the Republican party, and ultimately resulted 
in his entire aleniation from the latter element. The 
Legislature just referred to was noted for the intro- 
duction of numerous bills in the interest of private 
parties, which were embarrassing to the Governor. 
Among the public acts passed was that which limited 
railroad charges for passenger travel to a maximum 
of three cents per mile; and it was passed over the 
Governor's veto. Also, they passed, over his veto, 
the "tax-grabbing law" to pay t^.Wxozi subscriptions, 
the Chicago Lake Front bill, etc. The new State 
Con,titutian of 1870, far superior to the old, was a 
iieaccful " revolution" which took place during Gov. 
Palmer's term of office. The suffering caused by the 
great Chicago Fire of October, 187 1, was greatly 
alleviated by the prompt responses of his excellency. 

Since the expiration of Gov. Palmers 's term, he has 
been somewhat prominent in Illinois politics, and 
h.ih been talked of by many, especially in the Dem- 
ocratic party, as the best man in the State for a 
United States Senator. His business during life has 
been that of the law. Few excel him in an accurate 
a|jpreciation of the depth and scope of its principles- 
The great number of his able veto messages abun- 
dantly testify not only this but also a rare capacity to 
lioinl them out. He is a logical and cogent reasoner 
and an interesting, forcible and convincing speaker, 
though not fluent or ornate. Without brilliancy, his 
dealings are rather with facts and ideas than with 
appeals to passions and prejudices. He is a patriot 
and a statesman of very high order. Physically he is 
above the medium height, of robust frame, ruddy 
complexion and sanguine-nervous temperament. He 
has a large cranial development, is vivacious, social 
in disposition, easy of approach, unostentatious in Iris 
habits of life, democratic in his hahits and^ 
and is a tr;'e American in his fundiiniental principle' 
of statesmanship. 

(^^/o^^^^^aC^ /f ^U^^^tyl-^4.^^^ 


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'.i'l' •..'!• •■.'i?,Vi'("..'t%.'feSiV^ 

IDGE, (lovernor iS73-f'),was 
born ill the town of Green- 
wich, Washington Co., N. Y., 
July 6, 1S24. His parenis 
Were C<corye and Ann lievcr- 
.'\) idge. His father's parents, An- 
drew and Isaliel Beveridge, be- 
fore their marriage emigrated 
from Scotland just before the 
Re\ohuionary War, settHng in 
Washington County. His father 
was the eldest of eight brothers, the 
yonngest of whom was 60 years of 
age when the first one of the num- 
ber died. His mother's parenis, 
James and Agnes Hoy, emigrated 
from Scotland at the close of tiic 
Revolutionary War, settling also in 
|Q Washington Co., N. Y., with their 
first-born, whose " native land " 
the wild ocean. His parents and 
grandparents lived beyond the time 
allotted to man, their average age 
being over So years. They belonged to the " Asso- 
ciate Church," a seceding Presbyterian bod, 'if 

America from the old Scotch school ; and so rigid 
was tlie training of young Beveridge that he never 
heard a sermon from any other minister except that 
of his own denomination until he was in his 19th 
year. Later in life he became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which relation he still 

Mr. r>everidge received a good common-school ed- 
ucation, but his parents, who could obtain a livelihood 
only by rigid economy and industry, could not send 
him away to college. He was raised upon a farm, 
and was in liis 18th year when the family removed 
to De Kalb County, this State, when that section was 
very sparsely settled. Chicago had less than 7,000 
inhabitants. In this wild West he continued as a 
firm laliorer, teaching school during the winter 
months to supply the means of an education. In the 
fill iif 1842 he attended one term at the academy at 
Cranville, Putnam Co., 111., and subsequently severd 
terms at the Rock River Seminary at Mount IVIorris, 
Ogle Co., 111., completing the academic course. At 
this time, the fall of 1845, his parents and brothers 
were anxious to have him go to college, even though 
he had not money sufficient; but, njt willing to bur- 
den the family, he packed his trunk and witli only 
<j4o in money started South to seek his fortune 

'7 = 


Poor, alone, -witluuit friends and influence, he thus 
entered upon the battle of life. 

First, he taught school in Wilson, Overton and 
Jackson Cos., Tenn., in which e.xperience he under- 
went considerable mental drill, both in book studies 
and in tlie ways of the world. He read law and was 
admitted to the Bar, in the South, but did not learn 
to love the institution of slavery, although he ad- 
mired many features of Southern character. In De- 
cember, 1847, he returned North, and Jan. 20, 1S48, 
he married Miss Helen M. Judson, in the old Clark- 
Street M. E. church in Chicago, her father at that 
time being Pastor of the society there. In the spring 
of 1S48 he returned with his wife to Tennessee, 
wlierc his two children, Alia May and Philo Tudson, 
were born. 

In the fall of 1S49, through the mismanagement 
of an associate, he lost what little he had accumu- 
lated and was left in deljt. He soon managed to 
earn means to pay his debts, returned to De Kalb 
Co., 111., and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at Sycamore, the county seat. On arrival 
from the South he had but one-quarter of a dollar in 
money, and scanty clothing and bedding for himself 
and family. He borrowed a little money, practiced 
law, worked in public offices, kept books for some of 
the business men of the town, and some railroad en- 
gineering, till the spring of 1854, when he removed 
to Evanston, 12 miles north of Chicago, a place then 
but recently laid out, under the supervision of the 
Northwestern University, a Methodist institution. 
Of the latter his father-in-law was then financi;d 
agent and business manager. Here Mr. Beveridge 
prospered, and the next year (1855) opened a law 
office in Chicago, where he found the battle some- 
what hard; but he persevered with encouragement 
and increasing success. 

Aug. 12, 1 86 1, his law partner, Gen. John F. 
Farnsworth, secured authority to raise a regiment of 
cavalry, and authorized Mr. Beveridge to raise a 
company forit. He succeeded in a few days in rais- 
ing the company, of course enlisting himself along 
with it. The regiment rendezvoused at St. Charles, 
111., was mustered '.n Se[)t. 18, and on its organiza- 
tion Mr. P>. was elected Second Mnjor. It was at- 
tached, Oct. ir, to the Eighth (".IV. dry and to the 
Army of the PotOMi.n . He served wit'.; the rL-ginient 
until November, iS6_?, participating in some 40 bat- 

tles and skirmishes : was at Fair Oaks, the seven days' 
fight around Richmond, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville and Gettysburg. He commanded the regiment 
the greater part of the summer of 1863, and it was while 
lying in camp this year that he originated the policy 
of encouraging recruits as well as the fighting capac- 
ity of the soldiery, by the wholesale furlough system. 
It worked so well that many other officers adopted 
it. In the fall of this year he recruited another com- 
pany, against heavy odds, in January, 1864, was 
commissioned Colonel of the 17th 111. Cav., and 
skirmished around in Missouri, concluding with the 
reception of the surrender of Gen. Kirby Smith's 
army in Arkansas. In 1865 he commanded various 
sub-districts in the Southwest. He was mustered 
out Feb. 6, 1866, safe from the casualties of war and 
a stouter man than when he first enlisted. His men 
idolized him. 

He then returned to Chicago, to practice law, with 
no library and no clientage, and no political experi- 
ence except to help others into office. In the fall of 
1 806 he was elected Sheriff of Cook County, serving 
one term; next, until November, 1870, he practiced 
Liw and closed up the unfinished business of his 
office. He was then elected State Senator; in No- 
vember, 1 87 1, he was elected Congressman at large; 
in November, 1872, he was elected Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor on the ticket with Gov. Oglesby; the latter be- 
i-ig elected to the U. S. Senate, Mr. Beveridge became 
Governor, Jan. 21, 1S73, Thus, inside of a few 
weeks, he was Congressman at large. Lieutenant 
Governor and Governor. The principal events oc- 
curring during Gov. Beveridge's administration were: 
The completion of the revision of the statutes, begun 
in 1S69; the partial success of the "farmers' move- 
ment;" " Haines' Legislature " and Illinois' exhibit at 
the Centennial. 

Since the close of his gubernatorial term ex-Gov. 
Beveridge has been a member of the firm of Bever- 
idge iS: Dewey, bankers and dealers in commercial 
paper at 7 1 Dearborn Street (McCormick Block), 
Chicago, and since November, 18S1, he has also been 
Assistant United States Treasurer: ofiice in the 
Government Building. His residence is still at Ev- 

He has a brother and two sisters yet residing in 
De Kalb County — James H. Beveridge, Mrs. J(.'nn.?t 
Henry and Mrs. Isabel French. 



& Shelby 31, Cullom. 

HbLllV ?/I. CULLOM, Govci- 
noi 1877-83,15 the sixth child 
ot the Liie Richard N. Cullom, 
iiid was born Nov. 22, 1829,111 
\V lyiic Co., Ky., where his fa- 
ther then resided, and whence 
both the lUinois and Tennessee 
branches of the family originated. In 
the following year the family emi- 
grated to the vicinity of Washington, 
Tazewell Co., JU., when that section 
was very sparsely settled. They lo- 
cated on Deer Creek, in a grove at 
the time occupied by a party of In- 
dians, attracted there by the su[)erior 
hunting and fishing afforded in that 
vicinity. The following winter was 
known as the " hard winter," the snow being very 
deep and lasting and the weather severely cold; and 
tlie family had to subsist mainly on boiled corn or 
hominy, and some wild game, for several weeks. In 
the course of time Mr. R. N. Cullom became a prom- 
inent citizen and was several times elected to the 
Legislature, both before and after the removal of the 
cayiital from Vandalia to Springfi>^ld. He died about 

Until about ig years of age young Cullom grew up 
to agricultural pursuits, attendi-.>g school as he had 
opportunity during the winter. Within this time, 
nowever, he spent several months teaching- «c.hool. 

and in the following summer he "broke prairie "with 
an o.K le.uii for the neighbors. With the money ob- 
tained by these various ventures, he undertook a 
course of study at the Rock River Seminary, a 
.Methodist institution at Mt. Morris, Ogle County; 
but the sudden change to the in-door life of a stu- 
dent told severely upon his health, and he was taken 
home, being considered in a hopeless condition. While 
at Mt. Morris he heard Hon. E. B. Washburne make 
his first speech. 

On recovering health, Mr. Cullom concluded to 
study law, under the instruction of Abraham Lincoln, 
at Springfield, who had by this time attained some 
notoriety as an able lawyer; but the latter, being ab- 
sent from his office most of the time, advised Mr. 
Cullom to enter the office of Stuart & Edwards. 
After about a year of study there, however, his health 
failed again, and he was obliged to return once more 
to out-door life. Accordingly he bought hogs for 
packing, for A. G. Tyng, in I'eoria, and while he re- 
gained his health he gained in purse, netting $400 in 
a few weeks. Having been admitted to the Bar, he 
went to Springfield, where he was soon elected City 
Attorney, on the Anti-Nebraska ticket. 

In 1856 he ran on tlie Fillmore ticket as a Presi- 
dential Elector, and, althougli failing to be elected as 
such, he was at the same time elected a Representa- 
tive in the Legislature from Sangamon County, by a 
local coalition of the American and Republican jwr- 
ties. On tlie organizatio 1 of tlie Ho ise, he received 
the vote of the Fillmore men fcr Speaker. Practicing 



law until 1S60, he was again elected to the Legisla- 
ture, as a Republican, whi-le the county went Demo- 
cratic on the Presidential ticket. In January follow- 
ing he was elected Speaker, probably the youngest 
man who had ever prjsided over an Illinois Legis- 
lature. After the session of 1861, he was a candidate 
for the State Cjnstitational Convention called for 
that year, but was defeated, and thus escaped the 
disgrace of being connected with that abortive j)ariy 
scheme t.j revolutionize the State Government. In 
1862 he was a candidate for the State Senate, but 
was defea'eJ. The same year, however, he was a|)- 
pointed by President Lincoln on a Government 
Commission, in company with Gov. Boutwell of 
Massachusetts and Cnarles A. Dana, since of the 
New York Sun, to investigate the affairs of the 
Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments at 
Cairo. He devoted several months to this duty. 

In 1864 he entesed upon a larger political field, 
lieing nominated as the Republican candidate for 
Congress from llie Eighth (Springfield) District, in 
o[)position to the incumbent, John T. Stuart, who had 
been elected in 1862 by about 1,500 majority over 
Leonard Swett, then of Bloomington, now of Chicago. 
The result was the election of Mr. Cullom in Novem- 
ber following by a majority of 1,785. In 1866 he 
was re-elected to Congress, over Dr. E. S. Fowler, by 
tl>e magnificent majority of 4,103 ! In 1868 he was 
again a candidate, defeating the Hon. B. S. Edward-, 
another of his old preceptors, by 2,884 votes. 

Daring his first term in Congress he served on the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs and E.xpenditures in 
the Treasury Department; in his second term, on 
the Committees on Foreign Affairs and on Terntories ; 
and in his third term he succeeded Mr. Ashley, of 
O.iio, to the Chairmanship of the latter. He intro- 
duced a bill in the House, to aid in the e,\ecution of 
law in Utah, which caused more consternation among 
tlie Mormons than any measure had previously, but 
which, though it passed the House, failed to pass the 

The Republican Convention which met May 25, 
i8;6, nominated Mr. Cullom for Governor, while the 
other contestant was Gov. Beveridge. For Lieuten- 
ant-Governor they nominated .-Vndrew Shuman, editor 
of the Chicago Journal. For the same offices the 
Democrats, combining with tlie Anti-Monopolists, 
placed in nomination Lewis Steward, a wealthy 

farmer and manufacturer, and A. A. Glenn. The 
result of the election was rather close, Mr. Cullom 
obtaining only 6,800 majority. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 8, 1877. 

Great depression prevailed in financial circles at 
this time, as a consequence of the heavy failures of 
1873 and afterward, the effect of which had seemed 
to gather force from that time to the end of Gov. 
CuUom's first administration. This unspeculative 
period was not calculated to call forth any new 
issues, but the Governor's energies were at one time 
put to task to quell a spirit of insubordination that 
had been begun in Pittsburg, Pa., among the laboring 
classes, and transferred to Illinois at Chicago, East 
St. Louis and Braidwood, at which places laboring 
men for a short tune refused to work or allow others 
to work. These disturbances were soon quelled and 
the wheels of industry again set in motion. 

In May, 1880, Gov. Cullom was re-nominated by 
the Republicans, against Lyman Trumbull, by the 
Democrats; and although the former party was^some- 
what handicapped in the campaign by a zealous 
faction opposed to Grant for President and to Grant 
men for office generally, Mr. Cullom was re-elected 
by about 314,565, to 277,532 for the Democratic State 
ticket. The Greenback vote at the same tune was 
about 27,000. Both Houses of the Legislature again 
became Republican, and no representative of the 
Greenback or Socialist parties were elected. Gov. 
Cullom was inaugurated Jan. 10, iSSi. In his mes- 
sage he announced that the last dollar of the State 
debt had been provided for. 

March 4, 1883, the term of David Davis as United 
States Senator from Illinois expired, and Gov. Cul- 
lom was chosen to succeed him. This promoted 
Lieutenant-Governor John M. Hamilton to the Gov- 
ernorship. Senator Cullom's term in the United 
States Senate will expire March 4, 1889. 

As a i)ractitioner oflaw Mr. C. has been a member 
of the firm of Cullom, Scholes lS; Mather, at Spring- 
lield ; and he has also been President of the State 
National Bank. 

He has been married twice, — the first time Dec. 
12, 1S55, to Miss Hannah Fisher, by whom he had 
two daughters; and tlie second time May 5, 1863, 
to Julia Fisher. Mrs. C is a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, with which religious body Mr, 
C. is also in sympathy. 




TON, Governor 1883-5, was 
born May 28, 1847, in a log 
house upon a farm about two 
miles from Richvvood, Union 
County, Ohio. His father was 
Samuel Hamilton, the eldest son 
of Rev. VVm. Hamilton, who, to- 
gether with his brother, the Rev. 
Samuel Hamilton, was among the 
early pioneer Methodist preachers in 
Ohio. The mother of the subject of 
this sketch was, before her marriage, 
Mrs. Nancy McMorris, who was 
born and raised in Fauquier or Lou- 
doun County, Va., and related to the 
two large families of Youngs and Marshalls, well 
known in that commonwealth; and from the latter 
family name was derived the middle name of Gov. 

In March, 1854, Mr. Hamilton's tather sold out 
his little pioneer forest home in L^nion County, O., 
and, loading his few household effects and family 
(of six children) into two emigrant covered wagons, 
moved to Roberts Township, Marshall Co., Ill, being 
21 days on the route. Swamps, unbridged streams 
and innumerable hardships and privations met them 
on their way. Their new liome had been previously 
selected by the father. Here, after many long years 
of toil, they succeeded in payii.g for the land and 
making a comforti'^i'^ home. John was, of course, 

biuught up to iiaid manual labnr, wilii no schooling 
except three or four ntonths in the year at a connnon 
country school. However, he evinced a capacity 
and taste for a high order of self-education, by 
studying or reading what books lie could borrow, as 
the family had but veiy few in ihe house. Much of 
his study he prosecuted by the light of a log fire in 
the old-fashioned chimney place. The financial 
panic of 1857 caused the family to come near losing 
their home, to pay debts; but the father and two 
sons, William and John, "buckled to'' and perse 
vered in hard labor and economy until they redeemed 
tlieir place from the mortgage 

When the tremendous excitement of tlie iiuliliLal 
campaign of i860 rea,ched the neigliborhood of Rob- 
erts Township, young Hamilton, who Iiad been 
brought up in the doctrine of anti-slavery, took a zeal- 
ous part in favor of Lincoln's election. Making 
efforts to procure a little money to buy a uniform, he 
joined a company of Lincoln Wide-Awakes at Mag 
nolia, a village not far away. Directly after the 
ensuing election it became evident that troulile 
would ensue with the South, and this Wide-Awake 
company, like many otiiers throughout the countr\ , 
kept up its organization and transformed itself into a 
military company. During the ensuing Lummerthev 
met often for drill and became proficient; but when 
they offered themselves for the war, young Hamilton 
was rejected on account of his youth, he being then 
but 14 years of age. During the winter of 1863-4 he 
attended an academy at Henry, Marshall County. 



and in the following May he again enlisted, for the 
fourth time, when he was [ihiced in the i4i!jt 111. 
Vol. Inf., a regiment then being raised at Elgin, III., 
for the loo-day service He took with him 13 other 
lads from his neighborhood, for enlistment in the 
service. This regiment o|)erated in Son'.hwe-teni 
Kentucky, for about five months, under Gen. Paine. 

The following winter, 1S64-5, Mr. Hamilton taught 
school, and during the two college years 1S65-7, he 
went through three years of the cutricuhim of the 
Ohio VVesleyau University at Delaware, Ohio. The 
third year he graduated, the fourth in a class of 46, 
in the classical department. In due time he receiveil 
the degree of M. A. For a few months he was the 
Principal of Marshall " College " at Henry, an acad- 
emy under the auspices of the M. E. Church. By 
this lime he had commenced the study of law, and 
after earning some money as a temporary Professor 
of Latin at the Illinois Wesleyan University at 
Bloomington, he entered the law office of Weldon, 
Tipton & BjujaniMi, of thit city. Each member of 
this firm has since been distinguished as a Judge. 
Admitted to th.e Bar 11 M ly, 1870, Mr. Hamilton 
was given an interest i.i ihe same firm, Tipton hav- 
ing been elected Judge. In October following he 
formed a partnershii) wiih J H. Rovvell, at that time 
Prosecuting Attorney. Tlieir business was then 
small, but they increased it to very large proportions, 
practicing in all grades of courts, including even the 
U. S. Supreme Court, and this partnership continued 
unbroken until Feb. 6, 18S3, when Mr. Hamilton 
was sworn in as E>;ecative of Illinois. On the 4th 
of March following .\ir. Rowell took his seat in Con- 

In July, 187 I. Mr. Hamilton married Miss Helen 
M. Williams, the daughter of Prof. \Vm. G Williams, 
Professor of Greek in the Ohio VVejle\a 1 University. 
Mr. and Mrs. H. h.ive two daughters and one son. 

In 1876 Mr. Hamilton was nominated by the Re- 
publicans for the State Sen.ite, over 01 her and older 
com[)etitors. He took an active pait^ui the stumj) " 
in the campaign, for the success of his [larty, and was 
elected by a majority of 1,640 over his Democratic- 
Greenback opponent. In the Senate he served on 
the Committees on Judiciary, Revenue, State Insti- 
tutions, Appropriations, Education, and on Miscel- 
lany ; and during the contest for the election of a 
U. S. Senator, the Republicans endeavoring to re- 

elect lohn A. Logan, he voted for the war chief on 
every ballot, even alone when all the other Republi- 
cans had gone over to the Hon. E. B. Lawrence and 
the Democrats and Independents elected Judge 
1^ ivid Davis. .\t this session, also, was passed the 
first Board of Health and Medital Practice act, of- 
which Mt. Hamilton was a champion, a[^a''' ' . . 
much opposition that the bill was several times 
"laid on the table." Also, this session authorized 
the location and establishment of a southern )je'-'- 
(entiary, which was fixed at Chester. In the sessio'^ 
(jf 1879 Mr. Hamilton was elected Presid^'nt/z-f /£'//<. 
of the Senate, and was a zealous supporter of John 
A. Logan for the U. S. Senate, who wa-, this time 
elected without any trouble. 

In May, iSSa, Mr. Hamilton was nominated on 
the Reiiublican ticket for Lieutenant Governor, his 
principal <ompetitors before the Convention being 
Hon. Wm. A. James, ex-Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Judge Robert Bell, of Wabash 
County, Hon. T. T. Fountain, of Perry County, and 
Hon. M. M. Saddler, of Marion County. He engaged 
actively in the campaign, and his ticket was elected 
by .1 majority of 41,200. As Lieutenant Governor, 
he presided almost continuously over the Senate in 
tlie 32d General Assembly and during the early days 
of the 33d, until he succeeded to the Governorsliip 
^Vhen the Legislature of 18S3 elected Gov. Cullom 
to the United States Senate, Lieut. Gov. Hamilton 
succeeded him, under the Constitution, taking the 
oath of office Feb. 6, 1S83. He bravely met all the 
annoyances and embarrassments incidental upon 
taking up another's administration. The principal 
events with which Gov. Hamilton was connected as 
the Chief Executive of the State were, the mine dis- 
aster at Braidwood, the riots in St. Clair and Madison 
Counties in May, 1883, the appropriations fur the 
Stale militia, the adoption of the Harper high-license 
liquor law, the veto of a dangerous railroad bill, etc. 

The Governor was a Delegate at large to the 
National Republican Convention at Chicago in June, 

1884, wliere his first choice for President was John 
A. Logan, and second choice Chester A. Arthur; but 
he afterward zealously worked for the election of Mr. 
Blaine, true to his party. 

Mr. Hamilton's term as Governor expired Jan. 30, 

1885, when the great favorite "Dick" Oglesby was 






.^aASxt t 

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§0 mi^^^o 

=5»- •■^VJOtl^g 


> •O*O-(C?l,N<^^;-0*0- 

.fii"!^^^ ."SKl'II WILSON FIFKR. This 
■■.-; ^,^A£ flistinoiiished gentleman was 

'■■' '^'^ li^ ' ''■•*'' ^'^'-'''^f' Governor of Illinois 
'5 Wf<fc , ■ November 6, 1M8S. lie was 
. popularly known durinir Uie 
■' campaign as '-Private Joe." Ho 
hail served with g-reat devotion 
to ids conntrj- durin<>- the Re- 
bellion, ill the Tliirty-liurd 
Illinois Infantr3'. A native of 
\'ii-i;iiiia, he was born in 1«|0. 
Ilis parents, John and Mary 
(Daniels) Fifer, were American 
liorn. though of German de- 
^^§!^ scenl. Ilis father was a brick 

^ and stone mason, and an old 

Henry (lay \\'hig in politics. John and .Mnr\- 
Fifer had inne children, of whom Joseph was llic 
si.^i:th, and naturally with so large a family it was 
all the father could do to keep the wolf from the 
door; to say nothing of giving his chililrcn any- 
thing like good educational advantages. 

Young Joseph attended school some in A'ir- 
ginia, but it was not a good school, and when 
his father removed to the AVest. in 1K57. .loscph had 
not advanced much further than the "First Rcadci'.'" 

Our subject was sixteen then .and suffered a great 
misfortune in the' loss of his nuitliei-. After 1 he dc^at li 
of Airs. Fil'(a-. which occurred in .Missouri. t'ic> 
family returm^d to \'ii-gi]iia, but remaiued oid\- :i 
shcirt time, .as duriug tlu' sanu' y-i-M Mi-. Fifci- 
came to Illinois. He settled iu .Mid.ean (duntv .and 
started a brickyard, lleiv J,.s,.ph and bis broth- 
ers were put to woik. 'i'lic elder Fifer soon 
bduglit a farm near I'iIcm luiington ami began life as 
an agriculturalist. Here Joe wmkecl .and att(aideil 
the neighboring school. He alternated farm-work, 
biiek-laying, and going to the district sclioul bu- 
the suceeeding few j'ears. It was all work and no 
pla\- bir Joe. yet it li\- iiu means made a <lull boj- 
i>f him. All the time he was thinking of the great 
woi-ld outside, of which lie had caught ,a glimpse 
when coming fr<im \'irgiuia. yet he did not know 
just how he was going to get out into it. He 
could not feel that the woi.ids arouml the new 
f.arm and the log cabin, in which the f.amily li\ed. 
w(>re to hold him. 

The oi)i)ortunit}' to get out into the worhl was 
soon offered to young Joe. He traveled a dozen 
miles barefoot, in company with his brf)tlier ( icorge. 
and eidisted in Company C, 33d Illinois Inf.antry; 
he being then twent}- years old. In a few d;i\- 



the regiment was sent to Camp Butler, and then 
over into Missouri, and saw some vigorous service 
there. After a second time helping to chase Price 
out of Missouri, the 33d Regiment went down 
to Milliken's Bend, and for several weeks '-Private 
-Joe " worked on Grant's famous ditch. The regi- 
ment then joined the forces operating against Port 
Gibson and Vicksburg. Joe was on guard duty in 
the front ditches when the Hag of surrender was 
run up on the 4th of July, and stuck the bayonet 
of his gun into the embankment and went into the 
city with the vanguard of Union soldiers. 

The next day, JUI3' 5, the 38d joined the force 
after Johnston, who had been threatening Grant's 
rear; .ind finally an assault was made on him at 
Jackson, Miss. In this charge "Private Joe" fell, ter- 
ribly wounded. He was loading his gun when a 
minie-ball struck him and passed entirely through 
his body. He was regarded as mortally wounded. 
His brother, George, who had been made a Lieu- 
tenant, proved to be the means of saving his life. 
Tlie Surgeon told him unless he had ice his brother 
Joe could not live. It was fifty miles to the nearest 
point where ice could be obtained, and the roads 
were rough. A comrade, a McLean countj' man, who 
had been wounded, offered to make the trip. An 
ambulance was secured and the brother soldier 
started on the journey. He returned with the ice, 
but the trip, owing to the roughness of tlie roads, 
was ver}' hard on him. After a few montiis' care- 
ful nursing Mr. Fifer was able to come home. 'l"he 
33d came home on a furlough, and when the 
bo3'S were ready to return to the tented field, 
young Fifer was ready to go with them; for he was 
determined to finish his term of three years. He 
was mustered out in October, 1804, having been 
in the service three years and two months. 

"Private Joe" came out of the army a tall, 
tanned, and awkward young man of twenty-four. 
About all he possessed was ambition to be some- 
body — and pluck. Though at an age when most 
men have finished their college course, the young 
soldier saw that if he was to be anybody he must 
have an education. Yet he had no means to ena- 
ble him to enter school as most young men do. 
He Wiis determined to have an education, however, 
and that to him meant success. For the following 

four years he struggled with his books. He entered 
AVesleyan University Jan. 1. 1865. He was not a 
brilliant student, being neither at the head nor the 
foot of his class. He was in great earnest, how- 
ever, studied hard and came forth with a well- 
stored and disciplined mind. 

Imniediatel}' after being gradu.ated he entered 
an office at Bloomington as a law student. He had 
already read law some, and as he continued to work 
hard, with the spur of poverty and promptings of 
ambition ever with him, he was read}- to hang out 
his professional shingle in 18G9. Being trust- 
worthy he soon gathered about him some influen- 
tial friends. In 1871 he was elected Corporation 
Counsel of Bloomington. In 1872 he was elected 
State's Attorney of McLean Countj'. This office 
he held for eight years, when he took his seat in 
the State Senate. Here he served for four j-ears. 
His abilitj' to perform abundance of hard work 
made him a most valued member of the Legisla- 

Mr. Fifer was married in 1870 to Gertie, daugh- 
ter of William J. Lewis, of Bloomington. Mr. 
Fifer is six feet in height and is spare, weighing 
onl}' 150 pounds. He has a swarthy complexion, 
keen black eyes, quick movement, and possesses a 
f raid\ and sympathetic nature, and naturally makes 
friends wherever he goes. During the late Guber- 
natorial campaign his visits throughout the State 
[iruved a great power in his behalf. His happj' 
faculty of winning the confidence and good wishes 
of those with whom he comes in personal contact is a 
source of great popularity, especiallj' during a polit- 
ical battle. As a speaker he is fluent, Iiis language 
is good, voice clear and agreeable, and manner 
forcible. His manifest earnestness in what he says 
as well as his tact as a public speaker, and his elo- 
quent and forceful language, makes him a most 
valuable campaign orator and a powerful pleader 
.at the bar. At tiie Republican State Convention, 
held in May, 1888, Jlr. Fifer was chosen as its candi- 
d.ate for Governor. He proved a popular nominee, 
and the n.ame of "Private Joe" became familiar 
to everj'one throughout the State. He waged a 
vigorous campaign, was elected l\v a good majority, 
and in due time .assumed the duties of the Chief 
Executive of Illinois. 






:;^HE time lias arrived wlicn it 
becomes the duty of tlie 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
-^I'^VaV' to instruct man by precedent, to 
ij'^'W-^ enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. .Surely and rajiidly 
the great and aged men, who in their i)rime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, arc passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining wlio can relate the incidents of tlie first days 
Df settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity e.xists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most earnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
Th-; pyramids of Egypt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of tlieir great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists u( Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 

to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for th.e same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Cireeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-builders, in piling 
np their great mounds of earth, had but this idea — 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
tliese works, though many of them costly in the e.x- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity ; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was left to modern ages to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history — immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of local biography. l!y tiiis system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
has the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will cnmible into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
think it necessary, as we speak only truth of tliem, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish to the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 

^ /^^^^.-^.^^i^^^l-^^^:^ 



r-fej ® * >, -^b 2" 


rlix;!-: FRANCIS GOODSl'EKJ). 
The uariif of .Iii'lge (ioodspecd 
['^m was for aian^' years a faiuiliar 
:;•■ one to the people of Will 
County, among whom he cn- 
Icrecl upon and finished a most 
wortliy career. He was Ijorn in 
Tioga County, Pa., .January 
25, 1821, and departed this life 
at his home in .Joliet, April 10, 
I88',l. In 1847, he became a 
resident of tliis city wliich 
tliere.-ifter remained his Immc 
and with whose grovvth and 
Itrosperity he was intimately 
identified. The subject of this 
notice received the ordinary common-school edu- 
cation in his youth, l)ul he aspired to something 
better and before reaching his majority left home 
and entered the famous Genesee Seminary at Lima, 
N. v., where he spent two years. Then coining 
to the West he entered the otlice of tlie Hon. 
Hugh Henderson, a former Circuit .fudge, wiiere 
he devoted his attention to the study of kuv and 
in 1848, was admitted to the bar. Shortly after- 
ward he associated iiimself with O. H. Haven, in a 
partne'-ship whicii continucil until the latter's 
death. .Subsequently he was in (lartnersliip with 

the Hon. .losiah JMcRobcrls, and later with tlie 
Hon. Henry Sua[)[) and Augustus F. Knox, liis 
partm;rship witli tiio two latter gentlemen con- 
tinuing until 1H7G. The following year upon the 
formation of the present judicial circuit lie was 
first elected to fill the additional seat on the bench 
created by this act. and in 1878 was re-elected 
for the full term of six years. In June, 1884, on 
account of failing health he resigned his oflice and 
thereafter battled with the insidious disease which 
Anally caused his death. 

Aside from his regular practice Judge Ciood- 
speed was prominent in local affairs, serving as 
M.ayor of Joliet and occupying other positions of 
trust and responsibility. In 18G1, he was selected as 
delegate to the Constitutional Convention wliicli 
met in the city of Springfield and was an active 
participant in the deliberations of that body. He 
w;is possessed of strong intellectual pow'ers and was 
entirely devoted to his profession, in wliich lie la- 
bored to excel. As a lawyer and juilge ftu' nearly 
forty years he made an enviable record. No m;in 
stood higher in the esteem and confidence of his 
fellow-citizens. He was a man of strong convic- 
tions and sympathetic nature, conscientious and 
truthfid;and while he exacted much perhaps from 
his f'i'llow-mcn, he required from them no more 
than he was desirous of bestowing in trust and 



integrity. Apart from tlie literature of the law he 
was a great student of books geneiall}', was a clear 
and lucid writer and used his pen in connection 
witli his sword as long as his failing health would 
permit. Politically, lie was in heart}' syuipathy 
vfith the Democratic party until 1800. when he be- 
came a Republican and ever afterward voted and 
used his influence iu behalf of its principles. In all 
political organizations he was prominent and his ac- 
tive influence was never withheld iu behalf of tiiose 
objects or persons he fii'nily believed to be worth}', 
lie left behind him when he died a character for 
honor, patriotism, generosity and courage vvhicji is 
not tiie le.ast prized inheritance of his descendants. 

Judge Goodspecd was flrst married iu 1849, to 
Miss Esther Weatiierbee, who only survived her 
wedding one montli. His second wife was Lucre- 
tia Kiiux, to whom he was wedded iu 18.Vt, and 
wJKi died in 18G4. In 18G7, he contracted a tliird 
niariiage with [Miss Frances Henderson, who is still 
living. Mrs. Frances 'Henderson) Goodspeed, 
was born iu Steuben County, X. Y., November 30, 
1830, and is the daughter of Dryden and Maria 
(Coe) Henderson, wlio were natives of Herkimer 
County, N. Y., and wluj spent their last years in 
Steuben County, the same State. Their family 
consisted of three children. ^liss Frances <eceived 
a good education and i-emained a member of the 
parental household iiiilil hrr marriage. 

Charles F. and Frederick, sons of .Judge (iood- 
speed, are now living in Jolict. His eldest son, 
John C, a young man of much promise, fitted him- 
self for the medical profession but died in October, 
1883. During tlie many years in wliich .ludge 
Goodspeed remained a resident of Will Count}, he 
not only witnessed its progress from a compara- 
tively unim[)oi-tant portion of the State to its proud 
position as one of tlie foremost counties of Illinois, 
but he aided in its develoi)meut anil his history is 
closely interwoven with that of tlie count}'. His 
portrait, which is presented in connection with this 
biographical sketch, represents a man widely known 
and honored wherever known. His life was a busy 
one; realizing that, as has been said. --We have a 
whole eternity to rest in"' and that the aim of life 
is not to merely "kill time'" he rightly valued every 
moment given him, and thus gained a reputation 

for promptness in originating [dsins and dispatch in 
executing them. Of this it might well be said that 
he was one of those 

"Who comprehend their trust and to the same 

Keep faithful with a singleness of aim; 

And therefore do not stoop nor lie in wait 

For wealth or honor or for worldly state; 

Whom they must follow, on whose head must fall, 

Like showers of manna, if they come at all." 

tlie foremost business men of Monee, has 
lieen a conspicuous figure in its upbuilding 
and is prominent in the aianageinent of its |niblie 
affairs. Our subject is of German origin, born 
January 30. 1837, iu the village of Urbacli Thuer- 
ingen, near Erfurt, (ieimany. His parents, Fred 
and Fredericke (Wilke) .Schoenstedt, were natives 
of the same village as himself. They had five 
children, namely: Charles or Karl, Henry, Chris- 
topli. Frederick and Dorothea. Frederick came to 
the United States about 18G2 or 18fi3, remained 
with our subject two years, and is now a resident 
of Livermore, Cal.; the rest of the family are still 
I'ving in Germany. 

The subject of tliis sketch came to this countr}- 
in 18j1, landing in New York June 28, and the 
following August found hini in Chicago. The 
cholera was then [irevalcnt here, and fearing an 
attack of dreaded illness, he took himself to 
New Bremen. He had no capital with which to 
start in business, having, in fact, left New York ^13 
in debt, having borrowed that sum of some one to 
pay his ))assage. He. therefore, sought any em- 
ployment by which he could make an honest living, 
and for two months he was engaged in mowing, at 
^10 a montli. After the haying season was over 
he worked six months for >?o a month. At the ex- 
piration of that time he went to Blue Island to 
learn the trade t)f a wagon-maker, receiving for 
p.ayment ^j() the flrst year, §7o the second year, 
and 8110 the third year. He had considerable tal- 
ent for music which had been carefully cultivated 
in Germany, and here he was enabled to earn quite 
a sum of money playing on a clarionet. After he 



had acquired a thorough knowledge of his trade he 
went to work on his own account, coming to Mo- 
nee in March, 1859. and opening a shop liere, on- 
gaged in the manufacture of wagons the ensuing 
fifteen years. He then established himself, in 
April, in the implement business, wliich he carried 
on until Febru.iry 1, 1890, meeting witii more than 
ordinarj' success, and deriving a handsome income 
from the profits. Coming to this countr\- witlioul 
means, his stalwart, vigorous manhood, clear liraiii 
and skillful hand being his onl\' capital, he luis se- 
cured wealth, and is one of the riciiest men iu this 
part of the county. He is the owner of four hun- 
dred and sixty-eight acres of land, three liusiness 
buildings and good residence property in this cit}', 
besides owning valuable realty in Chicago. To the 
lady who presides over his attractive home he was 
united iu marriage March y, 18.'j9. Her maiden 
name was Louise (iantz, and she was born in ihr 
Province of Saxony, German3-, May 17, 1S.)9. She 
was a daughter of Lawrence and Sophie Gantz. In 
1853 they came to the United States aud first set- 
tled at New Bremen, near Chicago, where he 
bought a farm, on which the}' resided the rest of 
their d.ays, his death occurring iu 1880, and his 
wife's in 1882. Thej- had four daughters — Marv, 
Louise, Caroline and Rafine, all of whom are mar- 
ried and have families. Our subject and his wife 
have seven children, namely: Fred; Anna, wife of 
Louis Bischmaun; Rudolph, who died at the age 
of six months; Leo[)old ; August; Louise, who died 
at the age of twelve years; and OttO. 

Although not one of the earliest settlers, Mr. 
Schoenstedt may justly be regarded as one of the 
pioneers of this county, which owes much to his 
untiring labor. His name will always be indisso- 
lubly linked with that of Monee, as partly by his 
influence it has attained its present position as one 
of the leading towns in this section of the State; 
he has over been active in extending its com- 
mercial and business interests, has coutrilnited 
generously to all schemes that would enhance its 
material prosperitj', and he has its educational, re- 
ligious and social interests at heart. A man of 
such vigorous mind, such unerring sagacitj' and 
keen vision cannot well avoid accepting public 
office at the call of his fellow-men. when it seems 

his imperative duty as a loyal citizen to do so, and 
hence, while having the care of an extensive busi- 
ness and a large property, Mr. Schoenstedt has 
found time to take a part iu the administration of 
(if local aflairs. and has served as Village Trustee 
eight years. In politics his views coincide with the 
principles promulgated by the Republican p.arty. 
l{eligiousl3% our subject and his estimable wife are 
members iu high standing of the United Presbyte- 
rian Church, actively assisting in the good work 
carried on by their pastor and fellow-members. 

\T'OSEPII E. GOUGAU. This is one of the 
most worth}' representatives of the well- 
known (ioiigar family, who have since the 
pioneer days been closely identified with 
the inleres's of New Lenox Township. The father 
of him (if whom we write was the late William 
tiougar, who with others of the family is written 
of on other pages of this volume. They have 
uniformly followed agricultural pursuits, and have 
obtained the reputation of being the most thor- 
ough and skillful agriculturists, as well as being 
numbered among tlie leading business men of 
Will County. 

The subject of this notice was the youngest child 
of his parents, and was born at the old homestead 
iu New Lenox Township, March 21, 1831. lie 
spent his boyhood and y(_iulli at the farm, becom- 
ing familiar with the various employments of 
rural life, and pursuing his earl}' studies in the 
district school. Later he was a student one year 
at Beloit (Wis.) College, aud also i)ursue(l his 
studies for the same length of time iu the State 
University at Madison. His education was com- 
pleted in T. J. Sloan's Commercial College at Chi- 
cago, from which he was dulj' graduated. This 
last-named institution was instituted and conducted 
by Col. T. .1. Sloan, who during the Civil 'War 
eoniniumled the (Jne Hundred and T\venl_y-foiiilli 
Illinois Infantry. 

For eight months after leaving college Jlr. Cou- 
gar was employed as book-keeper for the firm of 
Reynolds & Willis in Chicago. With that exce|)- 



lion he lias spent the most of his life in his native 
township. Diirini,' the Civil he was an active 
Union man, and raised two comp.anies of troops, 
tliese being assigned to the One Hundred and 
Twenty-fourth Hlinois Infantry. He also visited 
the South, and relieved the wants of many of liis 
old friends whom he found in need. 

For three years Mr. Gougar bought grain at the 
village of New Lenox, and operated the wareliouse 
at that point. For nearly one year he taught 
school m the township. Afterward he turned his 
attention to farming, in wiiich lie has since been 
engaged. He is ihc owner of one luindrcd and 
sist}' acres of choice L<iud, upon wiiicli he has 
made good improvements, including a line set of 
buildings, besides planting fruit and shade trees, 
building substantial fences and gathering together 
all the necessary machinery for the succcssl'iil [nv- 
secution of agriculture. Tliere is an air of thrift 
and prosperity about the place, which invariably 
attracts the eye of the passing traveler, and is in- 
dicative of the [irogressive siiirit and industry of 
the proprietor. 

Mr. (iougar remained a bachelor until thirty 
years of age, and on tlie 24th of November, IMJI, 
was joined in wedlock with Miss llattie Perkins, 
the cerernoii3' taking place at the bride's home in 
Minooka, Grund}' County, this State. Mrs. (Cou- 
gar is the only daughter of lier parents, William 
and Elizabeth (VanDalson) Perkins, and was born 
in (irundy County. Decemjier 28, is 11. She was 
carefully trained and educated, and for some time 
prior to lier niurri.-ige followed the profession of a 
teacher. Her father, the late William Perkins, 
was one of the [lioneer settlers of Grundy County, 
and dep.arted this life at his lioine .luiu' 17, 1H87. 
He was a man of more than ordinary intelligence, 
liberal and [iidgressive in his ideas, and when his 
children were (jf suitable 3'ears removed from his 
farm to .loliet for llie purpose o( giving them the 
ediicatiun he desired them to have. This acconi- 
plislied, he returned to the old homestead. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Perlcins was born a famil\ of 
three children, two sons and one daughter. 'I'lie 
eldest sou, ^'an Dalson Perkins, was a non com- 
missioned ollii-er, serving in the late Civil War, 
and met his death on the battlefield of Cliicka- 

mauga. The other son, Charles E., is farming in 
Kendall Count3% this State. Mr. and Mrs. Gou- 
gar arc the parents of six children, two of whom — 
Ella and Florence — died at the ages respectively 
of three years and sixteen months. The survivors 
are: Charles^P., llattie I\I., Harlow W. and Eva A. 
Mr. Gougar since early manhood has taken an 
active part in local politics, and is a stanch sup- 
porter of the Democratic party. For the past 
eighteen years he has been connected vvith the 
School Board of his district, has held the office of 
Township Assessor four 3'ears, and Collector one 
year. Both he and his estimable wife are promi- 
nently connected with the P^piscopal Church, at- 
tending services at New Lenox. They have one 
of the most pleasant homes in the county, and 
occupy a high position in the social circles of 
their community. 

>KI KMAN A. MASON. No visitor to Joliet 
would long be in ignorance of the name 
'''■' and estate of the gentleman above named, 
as his home is that of an ideal farmer. The splen- 
did place is situated on the lionlevard and is suii- 
plied with all the modern conveniences in the resi- 
dence and outer jiremises. .Mr. Mason spends his 
time in looking after his tlocks and herds, taking 
great delight in the fine sheep and cattle that graze 
upon his fertile fields. After an active business 
career of years during which he gained a fine rep- 
utation for honorable dealing, enterprise and zeal, 
he has become the possessor of means which enable 
liim to indulge his tastes and take the ease he 

A iiistoiy of the lives of Daniel and Hannah 
M.ason, parents of the subject of this sketch, is in- 
corporated in this volume. The son was born in 
New Hartford, N. v., March 11, ISIG, and at- 
tended the schools in Utica, completing his educa- 
tion begun in the i)ublic schools by studying at 
Whitestown Seminary in the same city. His years 
until 18CC, were spent in the East, and leaving 
his native place at that date, he came to Chicago, 
111. Entering the employ of the Chicago ife Alton 



railroad, he worker! for that road a few months 
returning: to the Kmiiire Slate in the fall of 18()7, 
and engaged in the wholesale paper and stationery 

In 1S69, Mr. Mason disi)osed of the Imsinessand 
began dealing in lumber, sash, doors and blinds, 
doing both a wholesale and retail trade in com- 
pany with F. W. Plant nnder the stylo and title 
of Mason A- Phint. In, Mr. Mason dis- 
posed of ids interest and again coming west cm- 
bariied in the same business at tlie Micliigan Cen- 
tral cut-off in .Toliet. continuing in the tr.ade until 
May, 1889, when he sold out lo Wilcox Brothers. 
Mr. Mason also owns a lumber business in Plam- 
tield of which Albert R. Caton is manager. 

In 1872 tlie rites of wedlock were celebrated 
between Mr. Mason and Miss Hannah E. Caton 
whose family is represented elsewhere in this vol- 
ume. Under the efficient care of Mrs. Mason, tlie 
dwelling to which friends are so cordially wel- 
comed presents the appearance of order and retine- 
tnent so attractive to family- and guests, and all 
wiio enter are charmed by the gracious manners of 
the hostess. The union of *Mr. and Mrs. JNIason 
lias been blessed by tlie birth of the following 
named children: Cornelia, who was born in j87:!; 
William Caton, in 1875; Marie, in 1878, and who 
died in 1880; Bessie, born iu '.880, died in 1881; 
TrueCaton.born in I 887, died March 26, 1888. Mr. 
Mason's family belongs to the Presbyterian Cliureli 
at Joliet. 

!»:, DWY C. OGDEN, M. i). The medical [uo- 
fession of this county includes the names 
of nianj- skillful and successful [jractioners 
among whom may be properly mentioned he with 
whose name we introduce this biograijhical record. 
He located in Joliet in 1879, and in a short time 
fully established himself in the confidence and es- 
teem of the people, both as a physician and sui-- 
geon and as a member of the community. He is 
essentiall}^ a AVestern man with western interests, 
his native place being Fond du L;u-. Wis. and the 
dale of his birth May 2u, 1859. 

The subject of this sketch is tiie son of Dr. M. 
B. Ogden, an eminent [ihysician and a native of 
Cooksville, Province of Ontario. Canada, who there 
grew to man's estate and with his brother. Dr. 
Edwy J. Ogden, read medicine and took his first 
course of lectures at ^'ictoria College, Toronto. For 
some years he followed the methods of the regular 
school and then removing to Fond du, Wis., 
adoi)ted the Homeopathic system to which he ad- 
hered subsequently. In l«(il-C5, he attended lec- 
tures at Hahnemann Medical College, Chicago, 
then in August, l8tJ6, removed to Joliet, where he 
resumed his practice which he continued up to the 
time of his death. This event occuried September 
I!, 1881. He was cut down iu the prime of life 
having been born in 1838. He was one of the ear- 
liest ■IIomeoi)aths iu this section of the country 
and enjoyed a large and lucrative [iractice. Dr. 
Ogden has two uncles in Chicago and a large num- 
ber of cousins, mi'udiers of the medical profession. 
As he remarks, this seems to lie -'a family failing." 
'I'lie father w,as a member in good standing of 
the Fpisco[)al Clmrcli, and in polities, voted the 
Republican ticket. His wife had preceded him to 
the silent land, her death taking place March 8, 

Dr. F. ('. (_)gden was the only child of his par- 
ents and siicnt his boyhood and ^-outh in Jol- 
iet whia-e he pursued his lirst studies in the 
city schools. He liiushed his literal'}' education 
;it the Chictigo I'niversity and began the reading 
of medicine with his father, who [iroved a most 
thorough and safe instructor. He first attended 
lectures during the winter of 1877-78 in Hahne- 
mann IMedical College and February 27, 1879, he 
graduated and practiced with his father until the 
hitter's death. lie then continued the practice 
and has thus formed an extended accpiaintance 
throughout the count}', receiving the patronage of 
its best i)eoi)le. He has been a close student and 
an extensive reader and keeps himself ihorougldy 
posted upon modern methods of treatment. He 
iiclongs to the State Medical Association and is 
President of the Patriotic Order Sons of America. 
The marriage of Dr. Ogden and Miss Iletlie A. 
White of Joliet was celebrated at the bride's home 
September 28, 1882. Mrs. Ogden was born in 



Spartansburg. Pa. and is the daugbter of Edward 
D. and Margart't E. White who camf' tu tliis 
county in 1«7.'^. Ik'i- father is now living in 
Joliet, her motlicr is deceased. Of tliis union there 
lias been born one child, a son Arthur W., Decem- 
ber 13, 1884. The Doctor and his estimable ladj' 
stand high in social ciicles and their pleasant home 
is the frequent resort of the cultured people of this 
city. Politically, the Doctor is a Republican. 

; LONZ() 15. BROOKS. This veteran of 
-,— ■ : eighty-one years and his estimable partner 
jjjii) are familiarly known to a large portion of 
the residents of Homer Township, where 
they have sojourned many years, and by their 
sterling worth have drawn around them many 
friends. They are passing their declining days 
(juietly and comfortably at their snug homestead 
on section 10, with the satisfaction of having per- 
formed life's duties well as far as in them lay, 
making for themselves a good record and one of 
which their children will never be ashamed. Mr. 
Brooks has for some time been alHicted with failing 
eyesight, but bears the dispensation of Providence 
in a philosophical manner, and still is enabled to 
find much that is good in life. 

The subject of this notice was born February 14, 
180y, in Otego Township, Otsego County, N. Y., 
and went with his parents to Delaware County. 
that Stale, when a lad of about six years. He 
lived there with his parents until 1826, and then 
the family removed to Hamburg, Erie County, 
where the |>areiils lived until 18oG, when they 
came to Illinois. 

In due lime Mr. Brooks returned to Delaware 
County, and was married to Miss Alice, daughter 
of Joseph and Sarah luhnonds. They settled 
in Hamburg. Erie County, where the_v resided 
iinlil the following spring, tlu^n Mr. Brooks return- 
ing to (Jtsego County, oecii(ued himself as a mill- 
wright. Afterward he removed to Erie County, 
of which he was a resident until 1837. In June of 
that year he came to this State. He was then joined 
iiy his wife, who was only permitted to remain 

with him a short time thereafter, her death taking 
[Aace October 14, 1837, in Loekport Township. 
Of this union there was born one child, a son, 
Josepli E., who is now a resident of Loekport. 

Mr. Brooks contracted a second marriage in 
August, 1838, in Homer Township, to Miss Jane 
AVeaver. This lady was born in Washington 
Count3% N. Y., January 21, 1807. After marriage 
Mr. Brooks remained in Loekport for a short time, 
then in the spring of 1839 settled on his present 
farm. This comprises eighty acres of good land, 
which under his careful management is in a highly 
productive condition, and is the source of a com- 
fortable income. Of this marriage of our subject 
there have been born five children, only one of 
whom is living, a son. Sterling A. The latter was 
married in Northport, Mich., to Miss Emily Cor- 
nell, and is living with our subject. 

The father of our subject was Benjamin Brooks, 
who died about 1865, at the home of his son, 
Alonzo B., with whom he had lived for eleven 
years. The mother, who bore the maiden name of 
Anna Warner, died in Crete Township about 1838. 
Our subject has held the office of Assessor and 
Justice of the Peace for man}' 3'ears. He officiated 
as Highway Commissioner several terms, and in 
politics is a firm supporter of Republican princi- 
ples. He and his estimable wife are consistent 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, as 
was also the first Mrs. P>rooks. 

yS;\ HARLES HKRTZOG. Tiie life of this 
[I gentleman jiresents a record of arduous 

^ig/' labor which is perhaps not exceeded iii that 
of any other resident of the county. He has now 
retired from active work, feeling the weight of 
seventy-live years and the toil which he endured. 
A twenty -acre tract of land with a pretty cottage 
upon it is the home of himself and wife, and his 
farm of one hundred and sixty acres on section 17, 
Kankakee County, is rented to his son. He also 
owns forty acres of land on section 22, in this 
township, B part of whicii he uses for pasture, the 
rest being rented out. 



Grandfather Ilertzog came from Alsace to 
America many years ago, being sold for his pas- 
sage, lie settled in Pennsylvania, wlierc liis son, 
George, the father of our subject, was lioin. The 
latter married Catherine loh, a native of the same 
State, whose father had served during the entire 
Revolutionary struggle, spent the memuralile win- 
ter with Washington at Valley Forge, and wallved 
barefooted on the snow and ice, leaving tracks of 
blood to marii his way. He iiated a Hessian sol- 
dier with all the strength of his being. 

Charles Hertzog, of tin's notice, was Itorn in tiie 
Keystone State September 5, 1815, .and had such 
limited educational privileges that his scliooling 
was not more that a jear all told. When sixteen 
j-ears old he was bound out to learn the shoemaker's 
trade, at which he serred four years and eiglit 
months, receiving only his board and clothes, 
altlnugli during haj-ing and harvesting he worked 
for farmers and his master took the pay. The 
vouth had very hard treatment during the years of 
liis apprenticeshii). 

After learning his trade yoinig Hertzog went to 
Pottsville, wliere for a short time he was cng.iged 
in journey work, after whicii he became a laborer 
in the coal mines for several years. In the inter- 
vals of mining lie workeil at other occupations, 
some of his labor in Pennsylvania bringing him 
tlie wages of fifty cents per day, from which la- 
was obliged to board himself. He labored in saw- 
mills and also followed the river a while. 

On September II, 183C, Mr. Hertzog was united 
in marriage with Miss Abigail Fiddler, a native of 
the Keystone State, in which they continued to 
reside until 1850. They then came to Illinois, 
making their home m Napierville, a few months 
after which they removed to Kankakee County, 
then a part of Will County. Mr. Hertzog bought 
one hundred acres of praiiie land, twenty acres of 
which had been broken, and opened up a good 
farm. He was almost empty-handed when lie lo- 
lucated upon the place and he had a hard time to 
get along, but stubborn jierseveranee finally con- 
quered. He remained upon the farm until his 
home burned out, when he spent a short time 
in Kankakee, returning to his farm, from whicli 
he removed to Will County several years since. 

The first vote of Mr. Hertzog cast for Mar- 
tin \'anBuren. Since then he has been a Whig 
and a Republican of conserv.ative views. While in 
Kankakee Township he served as Director of the 
Sciujol Board and as Overseer of Highways. Dur- 
ing his residence in Pennsylvania he a nieinber 
of the Sons of Temperance. He is the father of 
eleven children, of whom the following survive: 
Ch.arles AVesley, Mrs. Henrietta Nicolai, Mrs. Ellen 
Fisher, Henry IL. J.ames N., and Mrs. Martiia 
Fleming. He lost one son during the Civil War, 
at which time Charles Wesley and William F. be- 
longed to the Thirty-ninth Illinois, Yates Phalanx. 
The first-mentioned returned to his home .at the 
close of the war, but William was killed June 18, 

, stead, now occupied b 
^_^ com|)rises one hundred 

The Sollitt home- 
ly this gentleman, 
[[irises one hundred and sixty acres on 
section 30, Washington Township, which is well 
adapted for general farming and the feeding of 
stock. For the past nine years Mr. Sollitt has 
lieeii mucli interested in the Hereford breed of 
cattle and has made a specialty of r.aising them. 
At |)resent he has a herd of thirty, at the head of 
wliicii is the nolile animal, .lustice; whose registered 
numljcr is 1G240. 

For some thirteen years Mr. Sollitt has the 
personal control of the homestearl, on which he has 
lived since 1861. at which time the parents came 
here on .account of the failing health of the wife 
and mother. He was born in Chicago, July 18, 
1854, but grew to manhood in the township he 
now calls home. His education was finished .at the 
Fniversity of Xotre Dame in .South Bend, Ind., 
and he chose as his vocaticm in life tlic peaceful 
pursuit of a farmer. In this work lie has been 
fairly successful, and by hartl work and earnest 
zeal for his pursuit attained a good rank 
among the agriculturists of the vicinit3^ 

The father of our subject is an old resident of 
Chicago, where he has many friends, and is held 
in excellent repute as a former builder, of integrity 
and reliability. He has become well-to-do, owniu"- 



much real estate in the city, and now lives a re- 
tired life at No. 519, Jackson Boulevard. He was 
born in Yorkshire, England, and is the son of a 
mechanic, who died there in the prime of life. 
The ancestors for several generations had been 
born in the mother country, but tlie I'eniote pro- 
genitors were natives of France, whence they 
went to England during the Huguenot troubles 
prior to the date of the American Revolution. 

John SoUitt was taught the trade of a wheel- 
wright, and followed the same iu the laud of his 
birth until about l.s:36. He had married Miss 
Mar}' Truitt, of his own shire, and to them had 
been born two children [irior to their removal to 
i^merica. They settled in Kingston, Canada, 
where Mr. SoUitt engaged as a builder, leaving 
that city for the United States after a sojourn of 
two years. He located in what was then a small 
village, but has now grown to be the second city 
in the I'niled States and a [jower in commercial 

It is worthy of note that Mr. Sollitt was a poor 
man with a wife and three children to .support and 
but $5 he could call his own when he reached Chi- 
cauo. The lirst work he obtained was the con- 
struction of a stage curtain roller ftir the first 
theatre iiuilt in the city, and this job, altliongh a 
small and simple one, secured him further work 
by its good execution. After he had gotten a 
start as a builder, Mr. Sollitt became a partner of 
Peck iV I'pddve, and ere long was prominently re- 
cognized iu his business. He built the first court- 
house in Cook Count}'. 

The wife of Mr. Sollitt died of the cholera, July 
18, 1850, in the prime of life, leaving a family of 
small children without a mother's care. The hus- 
band contracted a second matrimonial alliance in 
Racine, Wis., choosing Mrs. Annie Wilson, m-c 
Rountree, as his comjjanion. This lady was l)orn 
in County Durham, England, and was there mar- 
ried to Sanuiel Wilson, an Englishman. . They 
cani.e to the United Stales, locating in Buffalo, 
where iSIr. Wilson died of the cholera. His widow 
afterward came West to Wisconsin, and after her 
marriage to Mr. Sollitt resided in Chicago until 
her health failed and tliey Imught [iroperty for a 
ct)untry home in Will County. This farm, now 

owned and operated by our subject, was the par- 
ental home until the death of the mother in 1871, 
when she jWas about fifty years old. She had 
borne her last husband two children — our subject 
and a sister, Blanche, now Mrs. Board, who resides 
in Oak Park, a part of Chicago. 

John Sollitt was again married, the ceremonj' 
taking place in Racine County, Wis. The bride 
was Miss Ann Blackburn, also a native of P2ugland. 
She bad come to this country when a young lad}-, 
and since her marriage, with the exception of the 
first two years, has lived in Chicago. Mr. Sollitt 
is a member of the Old Settlers' Society of that 

Charles W. SoUilt won as his companion in life 
Miss Clara INIarsh, an educated and refined woman 
who was born in Crete, January 13, 1858. She 
was reared and educated in this and Cook Coun- 
ties, and was engaged in teaching for some time 
prior to her marriage. The wedding rites were 
celebrated at the bride's home in ^Nlatteson, Cook 
County, March 23, 1877. Her parents, Eilwinand 
Mary (Frank) Jlarsb, are now living in Chicago 
rather retired, although they still own an interest 
in a ranch in Russell County, Kan. 

Jlr. and Mrs. Sollitt, of this notice, have had 
three children — Anna died at the age of three 
years; Leslie and John still live to gladden their 
parents hearts by their intelligence and affection. 
Mr. Sollitt is a Ke()ublican, and stanch in the faith. 
He and his good wife attend the Congregational 
Church at Beeclier. The}' are respected and es- 
teemed by their fellow-citizens as their merits de- 


;* OlIN BEDFORD, deceased, was a worthy 
member of the farming community of 
Plainlield 'I'ownship, and during his busy 
career he was active in tulvancing its ma- 
terial interests, and we are pleased to be able to 
place this brief outline of his life on the pages of 
this volume. A native of Lincolnshire, England, 
he was horn September 28, 1828, his father, bear- 
ing the same name, also being a native of England, 
and was there bred to farming pursuits and spent 



bis entire life on iiis native soil. Our subject was 
reared to an agricultural life, and resided in tiie 
land of Ills birth until 18.52. Then in tlie prime 
of a vigorous, self-reliant manhood, he set out for 
the New World, trj'ing to see what life held for 
him in this land of promise, embarking at Liver- 
pool in the month of JIarch on the sailing-vessel 
"Lad\- Ashburton." He landed in New York and 
came directly to Illinois, where he thouglit he 
would be most likel}- to prosper as a farmer. lie 
found emploj'ment on a farm in AVill Count}', and 
was engaged there for some time. In 185.5 he re- 
turned to his old home, and in the same j'oar was 
married to Miss Ann Foulston, a native of Lin- 
colnshire, England. Her father, John Foulston, 
was born in Nottinghamshire, his father, of the 
same name, being a native of the same shire, where 
he carried on farming until liis death. Mrs. Bed- 
ford's father was reared on a farm and followed 
agricultural pursuits, spending iiis entire life in 
the land of his birth. The maiden name of his 
wife was Elizabeth Nicholson. They were the 
parents of eleven children, four of whom came lo 
America — George, now deceased, resided in Illi- 
nois some years; James lived in Canada some 
years, spending the latter part of his life in Mani- 
toba; Francis came to Illinois and has since died; 
Charles lives in this county. 

In March, 1856, our subject again set sail for 
America, embarking on the vessel "Neptune," 
accompanied bj' his young bride, whom he was 
bringing with him to assist in tlie upbuilding of a 
home in his adopted country. Six weeks later 
they landed in New York, and came to Illinois 
and located at Lockport. Our subject was there 
engaged as an engineer, running a stationary en- 
gine for a few 3ears. He then resumed the occu- 
pation to which he been bred. In 1871! he 
bought the farm where his family now resides. 
This contains ninetj'-two acres of finely-cultivated 
land, provided with substantial buildings and 
every necessary improvement. It is very fertile, 
and is finely located four miles from I'lainfield 
and eight miles from Joliet. 

Ere he had attained to old age. and while it 
seemed as though he had many years of usefulness 
before him, his honorable career was cut short by 

his untimely deatli, March 28, 1880. A man of 
sterling integrity, whose every day life bore testi- 
mony to the inherent uprightness of his character, 
by his demise the township lost one of its most 
respected and trustworthy' citizens; his family a 
good husband and faithful father, who was always 
kind and considerate, and his neighbors, one who 
was always helpful in his relations with them. 
He deserved the prosperity that followed his work, 
as he labored conscientiously and perseveringlj', 
and exercised sound judgment and due discretion 
in all his dealings. In his wife, wlui survives him, 
he always found a faithful and ready assistant, 
one to whose aid he was greatlj' indebted for the 
coziness and comfort of a good home. To them 
were born four children — Albert F.. who lives 
with Ills mother; Walter S., who resides in Joliet; 
Lizzie J., who is in St. Louis; and Sarah J. at 
home. The family occui)ies a good social position, 
and all are attendants at tlie Episcopal Church. 

OSEPII F. LEISIN(J, dealer ingrain. lum- 
ber and live stock, established himself in 
business at Goodenow in 1877, and has con- 
(,(^/' ducted an extensive and successful business. 
He was formerly a book-keeper with the Crete 
Manufacturing Compan}', and possessing business 
talents of a high o'-der, has naturally made steady 
progress until he is now numbered among the most 
reliable men of his town. He was born in the 
Province of Westphalen, Germany, December 4, 
1845, and lived there until a young man of twenty- 
four years, coming in 1869 to America. During 
his residence of twenty years in his adopted coun- 
try, he has become thoroughly adapted to her in- 
stitutions which find in him one of their warmest 

The father of nur suliject was Henry Leising, 
also a native of Westphalen, who spent his entire 
life in his native land, engaged in farming pursuits. 
He had served his country as a soldier ;uid was a 
reliable and substantial citizen, and one who en- 
joyed in a marked <legree the esteem of all who 
knew him. He w\as fifty-six years uM at the 



time of his death; he was married in early man- 
hood to a maiden of his own province, Miss 
Elizabetli Senger, who survived lier husband a 
number of years, living lo be quite aged. Both 
were members of the German Calliolic Cliurcli. 
There had been born to them two sons and three 
daughters of whom Joseph F. of this sketch was 
tlie eldest, and he was the only one who came to 
the United States. His two sisters are still residents 
of Westphalen one of them being married. 

Mr. Leising in accordance with the laws and 
custonis of his native country was placed in school 
at an early age and received a thorough educa- 
tion, becoming familiar with the French and Latin 
languages. lie commenced his business career as 
a clerk and wa.-! thus occupied for nine years in 
his nalive priiviuce. Not being satisfied however, 
with his condition or his i)rospects. he decide 
upon seeking the New World and in tlie summer 
iif 18G9 repaired to the port of Bremerhaveu and 
look [lassage on a steamer bound for New York 
ti(y. Arriving safely at his destination he at 
<in( e set out for Chicago, liul not long afterward 
came to Crete Township, where he soon found 
employment as a clerk and book-keei)er and by 
his faithfulness and attention to his duties gained 
liie goodwill of his employers and the esteem of 
all who knevv him. 

Mr. Leising was married at Crete to Miss I^liza, 
(laughter of Andrew .Schwendemann. The latter 
was a native of Bavaria and was married in the 
(Irand Duchy of Mechlenburg to Miss Elizabeth 
Miller. I^aterlhey emigrated to the United States, 
settling in P>uffalo, N. Y.. where the father con- 
ducted a hardware store for a number of years 
and died at the age of fifty-three. The mother 
and daughter then came to Illinois, locating in 
Crete Township where they lived until the mar- 
riage of the latter. The mother then returned to 
I'liffald where she is now living with one of her 
daughters. Although sixty years of age she is 
bright and active. 

Mis. Leising was born in liuffalo, N. Y., August 
.'!!, IS.'iG, and was one of a family coinprising two 
sons and two daughters, all of whom are living. 
She was subjected to careful parental training and 
after her father's death remained with licr mother 

until her marriage, obtaining her education in the 
common schools. Of her union with our subject 
there have been born five children, viz: Henrietta 
INI. died aged eleven months; those living are: 
Ida S., Ella C, Leo A. H. and Augusta. Mr. 
Leising, [lolitically, is decidedly in favor of the 
Democratic part}' and served as Township 
Clerk, besides holding other minor offices. He is 
prompt to meet his obligations, a square man in 
his business transactions and looked upon in all 
respects as a representative citizen. 

AMUEL G. NELSON, Supervisor .and 
Justice of the Peace of Milton Township, 
is a native of Randolph County, Ind., and 
a sou of John and Elizabeth (Gray) Nel- 
son. His father was of Scotch-Irish descent, and 
was reared in Huntingdon County, Pa., he later 
removing to Kentucky and from there to Ohio. 
His next removal was to Randolph Count}', Ind., 
whence he went to Montgomerj' County, making 
his home on a farm four miles west of Crawfords- 
ville. He represented his county in the Indiana 
Legislatur'', and at one time made a strong race 
for the State Senate from that district, but was 
defeated. In l.sJShe came to Will County, 111., 
wlieie he died in 1851 at the residence of our sub- 
ject. His life work was that of farming, and his 
labors were successful. During the War of 1812 
he served in the American army. In politics he 
was a Democrat, and in religion a member of the 
Associate Reformed Presbyterian Church. He 
was an own uncle of Senator Joseph E. McDonald, 
of the Iloosier Slate. His wife was born near 
Wheeling, W.Ya., and died in this county in 

The parental family consisted of the following- 
named children: McDonald, Flsther, William T., 
Elizabeth, Sarah, Nanc}', Samuel G., Mary and 
Daniel M. The only survivors of this household 
band are: William T., Samuel G. and Daniel M. 
He of whom we write born May 8, 1827, and 
passed his early life on the farm in Montgomery 
County, Ind., receiving his education in the com- 



moil schools, under the instruction of Joseph E. 
McDonald, later one of Indiana's prominent legis- 
lators. When about of age young Nelson came 
to Illinois, settling on the farm where he yet lives. 
lie owns one hundred acres of land on section 3, 
his residence being in the village of Wallingford. 
Every dollar that he possesses has been made by 
his own exertions and in farming, which has been 
liis life work. 

In 1862 Mr. Nelson joined the Inion Arm}' as 
a private in Company H, One Hundredth Illinois 
Infantry, but was soon elected First-Lieutenant of 
liis company. In November, 1863, he was pro- 
moted to tlie Capitancy, and subsequently to the 
rank of Major, in which he finished his service. 
After the close of the war he was mustered out, 
June 12, 1865, at Huntsville, Ala., and at Chicago, 
111., was discharged July 1. During his campaign 
life Maj. Nelson bore a part in the famous battles 
of Stone River, Chattanooga, Mission Ridge and 
iillier contlicls of less [)rominence yet no less dan- 
gerous to those who participated. Among these 
were the engagements at Nashville, Franklin, and 
the minor affrays of the Georgia campaign as far 
south as Jonesville. At Mission Ridge he was 
wounded in the left hip by a minie ball. 

The first marriage of Mr. Nelson was celebrated 
at the home of the bride in Wilton Township. 
Mrs. Abigail (Meacham) Nelson was born in 
Oneida County, N. Y., in 1830, and died August 
29, 1855. She left one daughter, Elizabeth H., 
born September 2-i, 1854. On December 12, 1878, 
this daughter became the wife of Alexander Price, 
who died November 1, 1879. They had one son, 
Herbert A., who with his widowed mother now 
lives with our subject. 

Mr. Nelson contracted a second matrimonial 
alliance l^Ia}' 1, 1856, choosing for his companion 
Miss Sarah A. Thomas, of Cook Count}-. This 
lady was born in Florence Township, Oneida 
County, N. Y., in 1837, and died April 19,1877. 
This marriage was blessed by the birth of six chil- 
dren, whose record is as follows: Celia J., who 
was born July 1, 1857, married William H. War- 
ren, a farmer of Wilton Tov.-nship, and has four 
children — Minnie, Celia, Ella and Walter; Will- 
iam T. was born May 21, 1859, and was killed bj 

the kick of a horse August 24, 1873; Sarah E. 
was born October 28, ) 861, and died August 30. 
1881; Mary M., born October 8, 1866, is the wife 
of Anthony F. Dennis, a farmer in Peotone Town- 
ship, and has one daughter, Elsie M, James M. 
was born January 1, 1S72, and Laura B., Novem- 
ber 29, 1875, 

For eighteen years Mr. Nelson has held the 
official station of Justice of tiie Peace, and is serv- 
ing his sixteenth year as Township Supervisor, 
He takes daily and weekly papers in sufficient 
numbers to keep himself thoroughly informed in 
the progress of mankind and the news of the day, 
and is much better read and more intelligent than 
most men. His home is one in which both friends 
and strangers are sure of a cordial welcome and 
the best of entertainment he can give; while to 
enterprises of genuine worth lie is a liberal con- 
tributor. Although not connected witli any relig- 
ious organization, he believes in and supports 
them. He has alw.nys been a Democrat and taken 
an active interest in party affairs. He belongs to 
the Independent Order of Odd F'ellows, 

AVID S. STEPHEN, This gentleman occu- 
pies a prominent position among the busi- 
ness men of Frankfort Station, being 
proprietor of the Frankfort machine sliop, a dealer 
in engines, machines, pumps, pipes, etc., and also 
occupying the official station of Justice of the 
Peace, He is a son of Joseph and Jane (Garden) 
Stephen, both of whom were born in Aberdeen- 
shire, Scotland, Joseph Stephen studied for the 
ministry, and during his college life was a cLass- 
mate of the famous Lord Byron. He began his 
ministerial labors in his native shire, as pastor of a 
Ba[itist Church, abandoning his field of labor there 
in 1843, when he crossed the Atlantic and located 
in Canada. There he engaged as clerk for a Mr. 
Barnet, a contractor on the Welland Canal. 

After sojourning in the Dominion a year, Mr. 
Stephen came to the United States, accomiianying 
his employer to Lockport, this county, where he 
died not long after. The disease which caused his 
death was bilious fever, and lie was then sixty- 



three years old. He was an ardent Abolitionist, 
preaching the doctrine from the pulpit and writing 
upon the question of slavery for the public press. 
During his boyhood he had become proficient as 
a mechanic, having inherited a taste for handicraft 
from his father, "William Stephen, a native of Wales, 
and a practical mechanic, wlio had served for a 
time in tlie Knglish army. 

After the death of iier first husband, Mrs. Jane 
Stephen became the wife of James Logan, and 
they are living at Frankfort Station. By her 
first union she became the mother of five children, 
viz.: Jane, Mrs. Bruce, who died in Lockport 
Township; David S., our suliject; E. C, who is 
running a planing, saw and feed mill, and manu- 
facturing general wood work in Frankfort; Jo- 
seph S., a machinist in Chicago; George W., who 
died when eleven 3'ears old. Joseph S. served in 
the Twentieth Illinois Infantry three months, and 
re-enlisted in another regiment, serving until dis- 
ciiarged on account of physical disability. When 
sufficiently recovered he enlisted again, continuing 
to act in defense of his country until honorably 
discharged at the close of the war. The second 
union of the mother of our subject was blest bj' 
the birth of one child, William IL Logan, now con- 
stable in Frankfort. 

The birthplace of the gentleman whose name 
stands at the head of this sketch was St. Fergus, 
Aberdeenshire, Scotland, and his natal day March 
14, 183G. Until he was five years old he was 
reared in his native village, and he then went to 
live with his grandfather at Almouth, where he re- 
mained until his parents removed to America, 
when he accompanied them hither. He traveled 
by steam to Edinburg, thence 1)}' rail to Glasgow, 
where the family embarked on the "Naverina." 
After a tedious voj-age of ten weeks, landing was 
made in New York City, whence thej- went to St. 
Catharines, Canada, and then to Thorwald, seven 
miles from Niagara Falls, whose roar they could 
flistinctly hear. 

The removal to Illinois was made by a steamer 
to Chicago, which was then but a village, and b}' 
team to Lockport. A home was made on the Bar- 
net farm, in the townsliip of Homer, and the lad 
began his attendance at the common schools. 

Previous to this time he had been instructed en- 
tirely by his parents, and he was able to begin his 
school life in the Third Reader class. The In- 
dians had left this region not long before and the 
country was an almost unbroken prairie, neigh- 
bors were few and far between, and all the sur- 
roundings were of a primitive nature. Some four 
or five years later he of whom we write, and his 
brother, E. C walked to Frankfort Township, 
where their stepfather bought a farm, on which 
our subject lived until his eighteenth birthda}-. 

During his early years David vStephen was occu- 
pied in farm pursuits, but when eighteen he began 
working as a millwright and carpenter finding em- 
ployment in Jolict and Lockport. He also en- 
gaged somewhat in jobbing and repairing, all 
handicraft coming naturally to him as an inherit- 
ance from his mechanical ancestors. Not only had 
his father and grandfather Stephen been excellent 
mechanics, but his grandfather Garden was also a 
fine workman as a millwright and plowwright, and 
the efficient proprietor of a general implement shop 
in Aberdeenshire. Young Stephen drilled during 
the late war and volunteered, but rejected by 
the examining phj'sician. 

In 18G3 our subject and his brother, E. C., 
opened a machine and repair shop in Frankfort, 
the connection continuing three years, after which 
the older brother retired, and spent three years in 
Kalamazoo County, Mich. In 1871 the partner- 
ship was resumed, and the firm of D. S. & E. C. 
Stephen built a machine shop, feed mill, sawmill 
and other editices, continuing in partnership until 
1889, when the connection was again dissolved. 
Since that time our subject has been carrying on 
his present business, having a fine set of machinery 
for working iron, and doing a large trade in re- 
pairing engines and other machines, and manufac- 
turing a double-force pump of the Stephen Bros'. 
invention. He has manifested an unusual degree 
of enterprise, and has a reputation for mechanical 
skill which is unexcelled. 

At the home of the bride in Frankfort, in Novem- 
ber, 1867, the rites of wedlock were celebrated be- 
tween Mr. Stephen and Addie C. Bathrick. The 
bride was born in Ashtabula County, Ohio, was 
educated in Buffalo, N. Y., and was for a time en- 

/^i^-A-e^ /^e^O'-^^-ti^ 


gaged in teaching, a profession for wliicli iiei' cult- 
ure, tact and fine ciiaraeter well fitted lier. Slie is 
a daughter of the Rev. Stephen Hatlirick, a Free 
Will Baptist minister and also a practicing homeo- 
pathic physician. He labored in various Slates — 
New York, Michigan, Illinois, Wisconsin, etc. — 
ably fidvancing the cause of Christianity for years. 
He entered into rest in Frankfort, this county. 
in 1880. To Mr. and Mrs. Stephen two children 
have been born, named respectively Marian F. 
and Kdwin L. 

Mr. Stephen is now serving his third term ns 
Justice of the Peace, and his second term as a 
member of the Board of "N'illage Trustees. A man 
of ripe intelligence, gooc} judgment and firm 
principles, lie proves an ellicicnt worker for the 
prosperity and order of the town. He belongs to 
Joliet Lodge, No. 12, F. &. A. M. He is a stanch 
Republican, politicall}', and has frequently lieen 
sent as a delegate to county conventions. 


. R. CHARLES RICHARDS. The medical 
jV profession of Will County received a wor- 
thy addition in 18G8, by the advent of 
Dr. Richards, who thereafter prosecuted a 
successful practice until his death, which occurred 
Februarys, 1890. He born in Newport, Her- 
kimer County, N. Y., .July 26, 1S;32, and was the 
son of Richard and Mary Agnes (Newton) Rich- 
ards, who spent their last ye.ars in Ohio. 

When Charles was a lad of ten years, his jiarents 
removed to New Haven, Ohio, where he completed 
the rudiments of an English education, and, when 
of suitable years, began the study of medicine in 
the office of Dr. F. (;. Armstrong. Later he at- 
tended lectures at the Albany Jledical College, 
from which he graduated in 18;>,"). He con- 
tinued his residence at New Haven, and followcl 
his profession until coming to Illinois. 

I)uring his citizenship in Joliet. Dr. Rich.ards 
Won the respect and esteem of all by his sterling 
(lualities of heart and mind. Not only was he 
skilled in dispensing medicines, but he possessed 
that sympathetic and genial nature which at once -. 

inspired confidence among his patients, and which 
was often of more assistance to them in their re- 
covery than anything which could be obtained 
from tlie [iharmacist. Dr. Richards Iniilt up a 
large and profitable practice, and in social as well 
as business circles was a universal favorite. From 
1870 to 1874 he held the office of County Coroner, 
and for some time he was Secretary of the Will 
County Medical Society. Ills religious belief coin- 
cided with the doctrines of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, of which he was a leading light in Joliet, 
and of which his widow is also a member. Polit- 
ically. Dr. Richards was a stanch Republican, and 
was inlluenlial in his jiarty in this portion of the 

The marriage of Dr. Charles Richards and Miss 
Harriet, daughter of Thomas T. and Phebe (Stew- 
art) Mulford, was celebrated at the bride's home, in 
New Haven, Ohio, March 25, 1858. Mrs. Richards 
was born Jlarch 111, 1M,35, in New Haven, Ohio, 
and was one of a family of six children born to her 
parents. The latter were natives respectively of 
Pennsylvania and Connecticut, and are now de- 
ceased. Mrs. Richards, who survives her husband, 
is a lady of excellent character, and highly re- 
spected in the community. She occupies a beauti- 
ful home on Richards Avenue, and enjoys the 
friendship and association of the best people in the 
city. To her active co-operation may be attrib- 
uted not a little of the Doctor's success, for she 
was a true helpmate to him in every sense of the 
word . 

In connection with this sketch we present a lilh- 
ogra[)hic portrait of Dr. Richards. He is remem- 
bered affectionately by a very large circle of 
acquaintance!-, to whom liis worthy traits of cliar- 
.acter endeared him. He was distinguished not 
less for his kindness of heart than for his superior 
talents of mind, and, as became a true Christian, 
his Wdril was ahvavs as good as his licmd. 

dLLIAM. C. TROWBRIDGE, junior mem- 
ber of the firm of Tillotson & Trow'jridge, 
Wyi is familiarlj' known as one of the editors 
and publishers of the Crete Journal and its aux- 



iliaries, which includes the local interests of Bloom, 
Monee, Beecher, Matteson and Goodenow. The 
combination of papers was established by Mr. AV. 
H. Gardner, in March, 1888, and in May following 
he was succeeded by the present firm. Thej' have 
A bona fide issue of five hundred copies weekly, and 
publish a paper which is heartily welcomed by the 
peojile of this region, being full of local news, and 
treating concisely all the important topics of the 

INIr. Trowbridge is a practical piinter, with an 
experience of eight years as foreman of the Breed- 
i'r!i's Jmii'iial, a stock paper formerly published at 
Beecher. 111. He served a full apprenticeship at 
the "art preservative" in I^ewistown, Pa., and 
Grand Rapids, Mich., and subsequently was cm- 
ployed five years in the State Printing Office at 
Lansing. His native place was Altoona, Pa., and 
the date of his birth April 14, 1850. His father, 
William S. Trowbridge, was born in Granville, 
Washington County. N. Y., August 24, 1825, and 
died October 5, 1889, at Grand Rapids, Mich. The 
latter was of stanch New England stock, and on 
account of the death of his father when he was but 
a boy, was thrown upon his own resources at an 
early age. He learned the trade of an iron 
moulder at Poultney, Vt., and later emigrated to 
Harrisburg, Pa., where he followed his trade and was 
married to Miss Henrietta Kuhn. Mrs. Trowbridge 
was born and reared in Harrisburg, and was the 
daughter of Jacob and .Susan Kuhn, who died there. 

After their marriage the elder Trowbridge and 
bis wife remained for some years residents of Har- 
risburg and then removed to Altoona, Pa., where 
the father operated some time as a foundrynian. 
He then removed to .luniata County, and later to 
Lewistown, where he became the employe of a 
firm engaged in tlie manufacture of agricultural 
implements. He was tlius occupied until the fall of 
ISC.:!, and llien, the Civil War being in progress, 
enlist<'d in the Two Hundred and First Pennsyl- 
vania Infantry, in which he served until the close 
of the war. when he i-ecfived his honorable dis- 

Relnrnini; now to his home and family in Lew- 
istown, Pa., the father of our subject not long 
afterward took charge of the smelting department"^ 

of the Freedom .Steel Works, one of the largest 
manufacturing enterprises of the kind in Pennsyl- 
vania, and he there remained until 1870. We next 
find him making his way to Grand Rapids, Mich., 
where he was joined b\' his family in 1871, and 
where ho spent the remainder of his life. In Grand 
Rapids he was manager of Chubb's Agricultural 
Implement Works. He was a skilled workman, and 
was of that genial and companionable disposition 
which drew around him hosts of friends. His re- 
ligious views coincided with the doctrines of the 
Episcopal Church. 

The mother of our subject died at her home in 
Grand Rapids, Blich., in March, 1875, aged about 
sixt}' years. She, like her husband, was a member 
of tlie Episcopal Church. There were born to them 
ten children, seven of whom, five daughters and 
two sons, are yet living. These with one exception 
are all married. William C. is next to the eldest, and 
like them obtained his education principally in his 
native county. He accompanied the family in the 
removal to Grand Rapids, Mich., and was there 
m.anied, March 10, 187G, to Miss Lelia M. Wil- 
kins. This lady was born in Grand Rapids, Au- 
gust 31, 1 850, and was carefully reared .and edu- 
cateil. She grew up an accomplished and intelligent 
woman, and by her union with our subject has 
become the mother of three children, viz.: F. 
Winona, William Roy and Myron. !\lr. and Mrs. 
Trowbridge are members of the Congregational 
Church at Crete, and Mr. Trowbridge, politically, 
is a sound Republican. 

-^4 — ^ — #^4^^ ^ 

"OHN DAY. No member of the farming 
community of this county is more worthy 
of representation in this Piioguai'hicai. 
^^_j^/ Ai.r.uir than this gentleman, who has been 
identified witli the agricultural interests of this 
part of the State for many years, and now owns 
and occupies a choice place of ten acres in Plain- 
field Township, and also one hundred and i^ighty- 
two acres in Du Page Township. 

Mr. Day is of English birth, born in Lincoln- 
shire, Ai)ril 2, 18.30. His father, bearing the same 


name as liiraself, was a native of the snnu' sliiie. 
aiifl Lis grandfatlier was a life-hjiiji' resident there. 
The father of uur sulijeet was reared on a farm in 
liis native count}', and was there em ployed in 
agricultnrai i)nrsuits until IS,")!!, when he came to 
America and settled in Illinois, buying a lionn' 
with our subject in DuPage Townsiiip, and living; 
there until his useful life was closed by death. The 
maiden name of the mother of our subject was 
Rebecca Brickies, and she was also a native of 
England. She spent her last years at the home of 
our subject at PJaiufiold. She and her husband 
were the parents of four children, namely: Mary, 
William. .John and .Soiihia. The latter died at the 
age of four years, and the others came to Amer- 
ica. Mar}- married AVilliam Pepper. They lo- 
cated in this count}', and she is now deceased. 
William located in Jlanhaltan, but is now residing 
in Joliet. 

John, of whom we write,* was reared in the land 
of his liirth until he was eighteen years of age. 
lie had heard of America, and being an ambitious, 
hilf-reliant. adventurous youth, he longed to tr\- 
his fortunes here, but was restrained by his par- 
ents from coming to this country until the age 
mentioned. Having finally obtained their per- 
mission, he set sail from Liver|iool April 2, 18.04, 
and after a tedious voyage of seven weeks landed 
in New York. lie started thence at once to Illi- 
nois to join friends at Plainfield. He immediately 
sought emi)loyment here, as he nee<led the money, 
and soon found work on a farm at >=IC a month. 
He was thus engaged for about three years, and 
then rented land f)n shari'S until IH(J(J, when he 
lionght niui'ty-one acres of land on section 30, 
DnPage Township, and about eight years later 
bought ninety -one acres adjoining on the same 
section. He resided there until 1S8-4, then rented 
the farm and came to town, and l)ouglit the pleas- 
ant residence in which he has since lived retired, 
he having ac(iuirc(l a hands<ime competi'Mce b\ 
untiring and well-directed labors. 

To the w'ife who makes this home cozy and at- 
tractive, Mr. Day was iniited in marriage in Octo- 
ber, 185!). Mrs. Da\'s maiiien name was Cath- 
erine Stratton, and she was born in Wa\ ne 
County, Ohio. Deiember fi. IS 10. Her father. 

William Sti-attun. was a nativ(! of New Jersey, 
iiini moving fi-oni there to Ohio, located among 
the pioneers of Wayne Coinitw and there spent 
the remainder of his life. The maiden name of 
his wife was Barbara Hicks. She was born, it is 
thought, in Pennsylvania, and was of Dutch des- 
cent. She S()ent her last years in Ohio. Mr. and 
Mrs. Day have three children living — Sophia A., 
Lizzie .1. and Carrie O. 

Our subject is in every sense of, the word a 
self-made man. as all that he is and has he owes 
to his own exertions. He is a man of self-re- 
specting character, is well dowered with firmness, 
activity and sound business qualilications. and is 
classed among our best citizens. 

j^^LBERT L. DAVIS. The subject of this 
^/ul j notice, who is a familiar figure among the 
lii mercantile interests of Joliet, was born 
October 7, 1845, in Dublin, Wayne County, 
Ind. His parents were Norton and Ellen (Cham- 
berlin) Davis, who were natives of New York. 
Norton Davis spent his early years in his native 
county of Monroe, and after reaching man's estate 
occupied himself at various employments, and was 
successful financially. For many years he'oi)erated 
a machine-sho)), and was engaged in the manufac- 
ture of farming implements at Dublin, Ind. He 
died there on the }th of December, 188.'!. He 
was a man of fine business abilities, the architect 
of his own fortune, commencing life without 
mi-ans at the age of si.xteen years, and gained for 
himself a g(jod position socially and financially. 

Jhc nH)lherof our suliject survived her husband 
seven years, dying February 9, 1890, at the old 
homestead in Dublin, In<l. The parental housc- 
hohl consisted of si.\ children, onl}- two of whom 
,ue living — Albert L. and Walter C, the latter 
living in Camljridge City, Ind., where he follows 
the occupation of a jeweler. 

Albert L. attained his early education in the com- 
mon schools, and later he entered Miami Com- 
mercial College, from which he was graduated in 
18Gi. He commenced his business career as a 



book-keeper for the firm of Dnvis, Lawrence <fe 
Co., which subsequently was known ns the Wayne 
Agricultural Company, and ]Mr. Davis hekl his 
position with the firm for a ])erio(l of twelve 
years. In 1886, in company with S. S. Chamber- 
lin, he engaged in the furniture and undertaking 
business at Lockport, and the tirm holds o lead- 
ing position among the business interests of the 
place, hi July, 1888, lie entered into partnership 
with the firm now known as S. S. Chamberlin & 

INIr. Davis was married January 21, 18(50, at 
the bride's home in Dayton, Ohio, to JNIiss Clara .S. 
Odell. This lady was born August 18. 1819, in that 
city and is the daughter of Thomas W. and Caroline 
L. Odell, who were natives respectively of Canada 
and Ohio. Tliis union resulted in the l,)irth of 
four children, viz.: Nelle C, Arthur K., Clarence 
(J. and Ada N. He is a member of the Masonic 
fraternity in Joliet. being a Knight Templar. He 
has one of the most valuable collections of ancient 
and Roman coins in tiiis country, some of them 
dating back as far as three and four hundred years 
before Christ. He and iiis wiTe are both active 
members of the I'niversalist Church, and bold 
membership in the First I'niversalist Church in 
Dublin, Ind. 

sHOMAS TUCKER. The agricultural ele- 
ment that has been so largely instrumental 
in tlic upbuilding of Will County is well 
represented liy this gentleman, who is one of the 
foremost faimers and stock-breeders of Monee 
Township, wiiere he owns a large and valuable 

Mr. Tucker was born .September 27, 18.'],"), near 
Sliasberry, Dorchester, England, a son of Luke and 
Sarah Tucker, who Vvere natives of the same place 
as their son. His father was a farmer during his 
early life but for many years he was engaged as a 
collector of tithes for the church. He and bis wife 
had a family of eight children: Elizabeth Rose, of 
England; Ann, who Iiccame tiic wife of Ceorge 
Hitchcock and died in l-",n:^huid, leaving a son and 

daughter; Israel is a resident of Chicago; Slary, 
wife of Abraham .Scrivens, of Will Township; 
Sarah married Thomas Randerson, and has since 
died; Thomas; Ste])hen; John, the eldest, died in 
England. The mother of our subject died in 
England about 1842, and his father with five chil- 
dren came to the United States two years later, 
landing after a voy.age of eight weeks, arriving in 
Syracuse on the Fourth of July, in season to cele- 
brate our great National holiday. Mr. Tucker was 
a resident of that city about thirteen j'ears, and 
subsequently going to Chicago died there in Sep- 
tember, 187(5, aged eighty-three years and five 

A lad of only nine years when he came to this 
country, our subject has been reared under its in- 
stitutions and was educated in its public schools, 
and no native-born citizen is more loyal than he. 
He followed farming in Syracuse until 1858, when 
he came to Chicago mtli his brother Stephen and 
was engaged in the butchering business there for 
some years. In the spring of 1863 he took a most 
important step in life, as he then came to this county 
to resume his early occupation as an agriculturist 
and located on the farm where he now resides. 
This comiu-iscs two hundred and forty acres, sup- 
plied with all substantial improvements and he 
has besides much other land. He two hundred 
and forty acres adjoining in Monee, one hundred 
and sixty acres in Will Township, and has eight}' 
acres of the two hundred and forty acres which he 
and his brothers owned jointl}- at one time. Mr. 
Tucker began life without a dollar and has acquired 
all this valuable property by the e.xercise of keen 
judgment, incessant industry and the wise economy 
that knows when to spend as well as when to sp.are 
money, and is numbered among our mone.yed men 
who are using their inlluence to advance the town 
and county in ever}' direction. Mr. Tucker takes 
a leading pl.ace in the township as a stock-breeder, 
and for the Last six years made a specialty of 
rearing Hereford cattle, importing a part of his 
herd directly from England. He is also interested 
in raising horses, the Hambletonian stock being his 
favorite, of which he has some fine specimens. 

May 3, 1860, Mr. Tucker and Miss Ann Shevlin 
were united in niarri.-ige. Shi; was born in County 



DdiK'iial. Ireland, a daiiulitcr of Cliarlcs and Ann 
((ujllaliar) Sliuvlin, wlio were nlsu native.s nf thai 
county, where tlie fatlier carried on farininic- Mrs. 
Tucker was one of a family of four children, the 
others being James, of Chicago; Mary, of New 
■Icrsey; and Edward, of Chicago. The latter, the 
eldest, was tiie first to come to the United States, 
he coming in 1857 and Mrs. Tucker in 1!S;J9. This 
marriage of our subject has been blessed to him 
and his wife by the birth of nine children, namely: 
Ann; Sarah Mary, wife of James O'Shea. of Chi- 
cago; Thomas, Emma, Rose, Charles; Stephen, 
who died at the age of twelve; Anna, and Israel. 
During an honorable career as a sagacious, en- 
terprising agriculturist, Mr. Tucker has displayed in 
a good tlogree those solid traits of character that 
are needful to the attainment of good fortune in 
an}' calling, and in his dealings with all, either in 
a business or social way, he has ever shown himself 
to he a man of honor and truthfulness. He is a 
consislenl member of the Baptist Church, and his 
wife is a devoted communicant of tiie Human 
Catholic Church. I'olilieally. our subject is a 
sound Republican. 

V HARLES SCHIRRA. This gentleman is 
numbered among the practical and and suc- 
cessful farmers of Crete Township, in which 
he has resided since 1865. He now owns two hun- 
dred and thirty-five acres of land on section 7, it 
being well improved, well stocked, and well culti- 
vated. Farming has been the life work of Mr. 
Sehirra and in its pursuit he has brought to bear 
a marked degree of determination, intelligence, 
and keenness of observation. As a reliable citizen, 
an affectionate husband and parent, and an indi- 
vidual interested in the world's progress, he re- 
ceives the respect of those about him and tills a 
worthy place in the list of foreign-born citizens. 

The parents of our subject were Nicholas and 
Mar}' (Loufe) Sehirra, both of whom were natives 
of Prussia, the former being of P'rencli ancestry 
and the latter of German blood. Both lived to a 
good old age, spending their entire lives in their 

native land. ^Ir. Sehirra was usually eni[)loyeil at 
farm labor. He and his wife belonged to the (jcr- 
man Catholic Church. They were the parents of 
seven sons and three (biughters, the subject of this 
sketch being the third child. 

In one of the Rhine Provinces, Chark's Sehirra 
was born April 17, 1817. He obtained a good 
(ierman education and becoming a farmer worked 
as a tiller of the soil in his native land until thirty 
years old. He then, in the spring of 1847, started 
to America, taking passage at Antwerp on a sail- 
ing vessel and spending fort3--two days on the At- 
lantic. He vtus followed to this country in later 
years by two brothers and a sister, all of whom 
are }et living. He landed in New York City 
without means to continue his journey, and he 
therefore worked his way to Chicago, which he 
reached sometime in the fall. He worked in var- 
ious parts of Cook 'County until 185.3, when bo 
purchased one hundred and fifteen acres of land 
in Bloom Township, upon which he remained un- 
til he became a resident of Will County. His first 
l)urchase here was of two hundred acres, to which 
he afterward added. 

In Rich Township. Cook County, he of whom we 
write was united in marriage with I\Iiss Mar}' E. 
Ladoux, with whom ho lived happilj' until June 14, 
187C, when she was called hence by the angel of 
death. She was then forty-eight years of age, 
having been born in Switzerland, December 25, 
1827. Her parents Joseph and Lizzie Ladoux were 
natives of Switzerland, who upon coming to 
the United States in 1845, settled at once in Rich 
Township, Cook County, where they began to im- 
|irove a farm. After some years the mother died 
at the liome of her daughter, Mrs. Mary Goodseid, 
being then in her seventy-second year. The father 
afterward came to Crete Township, Will County, 
and died at the home of his sou, Josepli, be also 
being seventy-two years old. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
Ladoux belonged to the Catholic Church. 

To Mr. Sehirra and his good wife, fourteen chil- 
dren were born. John* and Charles died young 
and they also lost an infant. Of the living chil- 
dren we note the following: Eliza married Peter 
Webren, a furniture dealer who lives in Jladison, 
Cook County ; Matilda is the wife of Peter 



Scliniidt, tlieir home being in Chieajro; Carrie be- 
came Ihe wife of Sebastain J. Lux, who is now 
(Jeeeased and she lives on her father's farm: 
Joseph is operating a farm in this township: 
Phillip C. lives in Rlonee Township: Ida M. is the 
wife of Metz Miller, a carpenter in CIrieago; 
Charles C. and Anna A. are at home ; George is now 
associated with his brother, Joseph, in operating a 
farm; Walter P. and Jacob 0. ai'e at home. All 
the children were educated in both German and 
English and are intelligent, well informed, and 
manifesting energy and thrift. Mr. Schirra is a 
sound Democrat. 

\Y/OtIN T. CLYNE is one of the bright and 
enterprising young business men of Will 
County, being closely identified with its 
!(^S/ stock interests. He is connected vvith S. W. 
Simmons in the breeding and handling of trotting 
stock and tliej- are the proprietors of tiie Stone City 
Stables in Joliet, where they have a tine stud of 
horses. Thej' issue the Will Count}- Ilorsmian, of 
which our subject is the business manager. 'Ihey 
are making a great success of this [laper published 
in the interests of the turfmen, as it alread}' has a 
good circulation. It is a four-column, eight-page 
(piarto, having been enlarged from a four-page 
sheet. Our subject comes of sterling New York 
ancestry and is a native of that .State, born iu Co- 
hoes, Albaii}' County, December 8, 1857, to James 
and Catherine Clyne. His mother was the daughter 
of John and !Mary (^uinn, of AYashington County, 
N. Y., who were of Irish descent. The father of 
our subject was the son of Thomas and Margaiet 
(McCormick) Clj-uc, the latter a native of Oneida 
County, and the old homestead on which she was 
born is still in possession of the famil\-. Her an- 
cestry came to America in Colonial times. Thomas 
Clyne was born in County Longford, Ireland, his 
father having gone there from Germany during the 
exodus from that countiy. 

Our subject was reared in the city of his birth 
until he attained the age of nine years and there 

laid the foundation of his education. At that age 
he commenited working in the knitting factories and 
was thus employed until 1875, when at the age of 
seventeen, on a certain Sunday evening, he and his 
" chuni" started out to make their fortune in the 
West. His friend, Martin JIahon, is now a wealthy 
man in San Francisco, Cal. When our subject thus 
ventured out into the world he had but a few dol- 
lars in his pocket, and after traveling some da3-s he 
secured a job in a sash and blind shop at ninety 
cents [ler day. He worked there two weeks and 
then left to learn the trade of a bricklu^'er, but the 
contractor skipped the countyaud left him in the 
lurch. FortunateI_v he had a friend who could aiul 
did lend him *5, and he made his way to LocUport, 
where he obtained work in the harvest field and there employed nine da3s, which was his first 
experience of farm life, and for the next three 
years he was engaged in agricultural pursuits, the 
last two working for Judge Simmons, the father of 
his partner. Feeling the need of a better education 
he entered a good school at Valparaiso, Ind., and 
was closely engaged in study there for a j'ear. He 
then returned toPlaiufield and worked for the same 
man for a time and then resumed his scholastic 
pursuits and was in school for a year, pacing his 
own way iu the meantime. When he had com- 
pleted his education he ;igain went back to Plain- 
field and there took part in a ceremony which has 
had an important bearing on his afterlife as he was 
at that time married to Miss Anna L., daughter of 
John and Hannah McClosk}'. She is an earnest 
Christian and a consistent member of the Methodist 
Church. Of her happy union with our subject 
three sons liave Ijeen l)oru — ilead. Wade, and Yard. 
After marriage our subject utilized his education 
by teaching school in DuPage. He subsequently' 
took charge of the business of J. W. Funk, who 
was a great horse shipper and contractor. After 
that Mr. Clyne was appointed to take charge of the 
County Poor House, under Judge Simmons, and was 
keeper for three years, and then was made Superin- 
tendent of the Poor, and continued in that position 
from 1885 until the present time. He is now as- 
sociated with S. W. Simmons, as before mentioned. 
They ha\e a valuable stud of horses of which we 
mny uiention I 'ictator, .Ir., son of Dictator and 



Delwood a member of the Nutnuoil family ; Ali 
Busliaw, son of Greens Bushaw; T. B. Slounl, re- 
presentative of old Alinont, No. 3:3; Harry and 
Leo MeGregor, deseendaiits of the famous Robert 
Gregor of time 2:17.1, mvl many others of consid- 
erable note. 

Mr. Clyne is a member of llie A. F. ife A. M.. 
Madisou Lodge, No. 175; Chapter of .loliel, N(i. 
L'7, and also belongs to the Joliet Comuiandcry 
of Knight Templars, No. 4. As a public-spiritt'd 
citizen fully alive to the best interests of ills county 
and township, he is a thoroughbred Reimbliean 
and lakes a great interest in politics and has been 
instrumental in getting manygood measures through 
the State Legislature, notably, the opening of tlie 
lioulevard at Joliet. A man of ambitious, forceful 
character, well-trained intellect, and excellent hab- 
its, our subject is an intluence for good in tlie 
comraunit\- and exerts himself to [iromote its 

\f OlIN (iOrCiAR. This aged veteran, who 
has passed the eightieth j'ear of his age, has 
been a resident of New Lenox Township 
i^/' since 1830. He has seen much of pioneer 
life, contributed his full quota to the develo|)ment 
of the agricultural resources of this section, and is 
now in the enjoyment of a competence, being able 
to look back. upon a well spent life, and feeling that 
his labors have not been in vain. During his long 
residence in Will County he has gathered around 
him. hosts of friends, who have long recognized his 
Sterling qualities, and whose confidence ;md esteem 
he enjoys in a marked degree. The biographer 
linds him pleasantly situated in a l)eaulirul home, 
amidst all the comforts and many of the lu.\uries 
of life. 

The immediate progenitors of Mr. (iougar were 
^Villiam and Catherine (Abel) Gougar, natives of 
renusylvania, and the father born in Berks County. 
They were reared and married in the Keystone 
State, but in 1818 removed to Ohio, and lived 
eight years in Piekawa)' County'. Thence the^- re- 
moved to Vermillion County, Ind., and from there, 

in .Tune, IS.'Jl, to Illinois, settling on section lis, in 
what is now New Lenox Township. .The father tilled 
the soil successfully, and constructed a good homo- 
stead from a trr.ct of wild land, where he siieut the 
remainder of Ins life, dying March .".1, 18(J1. The 
mother died January IJ. 18,')1. 

To the parents of our subject there was born a 
family of eleven children, nine sons and two daugh- 
ters, eight of whom are living. John, our subject, 
was the eldest of the famil}", and was born in 
Northumberland County, Pa., March 20. 1810; he 
accom[)anied the family in tlM>ir removals to Ohio 
and Indiana, and attained to manhood on a farm 
iu \'ermillion County, where he sojourneil until 
the fall of 1830. He then came to what was then 
Cook, but is now Will County, III., and settled on 
section 18, New Lenox Township, of which he has 
since been a resident. He thus bears the distinction 
of being one of the oldest living settlers of this 

.Mr. (iougar remained a bachelor until a mr.n of 
thirty-nine years, and then he met his fate iu the 
person of Miss Mary Ann Miller, to whom he was 
married in J;)liet, January 2, 1849. Mrs. (iougar 
was born May 21,1813, near Shippensburg, I'a., 
and was the daughter of Jacob and Mary (Boots), 
Miller, likevvise natives of the Kei'stone Stale, in 
the eastern part of which they spent the closing 
3'ears of their lives. They were the parents of 
nine children, two of whom are living. 

Our subjecl and his wife commenced their wed- 
ded life together at the home which they now own 
and occupy. Of their union there has been lioin 
one child onl}', a son, Lewis K., Noveml)er l."i, 
I8.')2. He has spent his entire life at the old farm, 
and for many years i)ast has had the chief man- 
agement of it, relieving his parents from many 
cares. He was given a good education in the 
schools of New Lenox Townshiii and at Englewo(nl, 
III. For several years he has been a School Di- 
rector in his district, and also served as Overseer 
of Highways. Both jiarents and son are regular 
attendants of the Episcopal Church. 

John (iougar cast his first Presidential vote for 
Van Buren, and from that day to this has contin- 
ued a stanch supporter of the Democratic parlj'. 
He served iu the Black Hawk War, being a member 



of a company of mounted volunteeis, under the 
command of Capt. Ilolden Scission, and lind three 
brothers — WilHaius, Nicholas and Daniel — who 
served in tlic san.e company, all lieiiig- mustered 
into service in August, 1832. During the early 
days the post-oflice was at tlie house of Mr. (lougar. 
Cornelius Van Morn acting as Postni.oster, and con- 
stituted one of the stations between Danville 'and 
Chicago. Mr. Gougar served on the petit juiy in 
C'hicagd. walking the entire distance. In 1830 he 
went 1(1 mill with an O-X-team to a place near 01- 
taw.a. He hauled liii grain and olher produce to 
Chicago, also drove his live-stock there to market. 
Tpon one during the Black Ilaivk War, 
he ill company with David Magnet, sought safety 
in a cave ikivIIi of .loliet, where they remained un- 
'listurleil until the danger was past. 

Near the residence of Mr. Gougar is an old In- 
dian linrying ground. DLiring the early days the 
[lioueers endured untold hardship, and but few sur- 
vived to tell the tale. The subject of this notice 
is looked upon as one of the old landmarks, whose 
career has been one of more than ordinary interest. 
lie traces his ancestry to Germany, and the famil3' 
was first represented in America proliably during 
the Colonial daj's. Mr. Gougar has in his possess- 
ion a German Bible, which was iirinteil about IGOO, 
and which is carefully preserved as an invaluable 
relic, lie has niaile for himself a good record, 
and his name will be held in kindly remembrance 
long after he has been gathered to his fathei's. 
Two of his brothers, who h.ave also been men of 
note in their community, are represented elsewhere 
in this volume. 

'■ill'OIlN CANiN stands among the leaders of the 
stock-raising and farming interests of Will 
Township, where he owns a farm which in 
((^y' i)oint of cultivation and general improve- 
ment is searcelv surpassed by any in the neighbor- 
hood. Mr. Cann was born and bred in England, 
Tavistock Parish, Devonshire, being his native 
place, and April 30, 1851. the date of his birth. 
His parents, Thomas and Elizabeth (White) Cann, 

were also natives of that place. During some 
period of his life his father moved to Plymouth, 
England, where he h.'id a position on the police 
force. He was a farmer and butcher by occupa- 
tion. He was the father of six children, of whom 
four grew to maturity, namely: Salina, now de- 
ceased; .lohn; George (living in England), and 
S.amuel II. The mother, who died in her native 
land, was a devoted Christian, and a member of 
the Church of England. The father came to the 
Uniteil States in September, 1875, and made his 
home with his children. He was one of a family 
of three sons and three (Laughters, of whom he was 
the only one who ever came to the United States. 
The names of his brothers and sisters were Joseph, 
.lohn, Elizabeth, Julianna, and !i\Iary. Our sub- 
ject's mother was a daughter of John White, who 
had three sons and three daughters: John, who 
lives in Iowa, and JIary, wife of James Joslyn, of 
Kansas, being the onl\' members of the family to 
come to this country. 

John Cann, of this sketch, passed his boyhood 
and 3^outh in his English home, receiving his edu- 
cation in the local schools. In the month of April, 
18(50, in the dawning of a vigorous, manly man- 
hood, he embarked for America to begin life anew 
on tills Soil, accompanying thither his cousin, George 
Berry, h'or awhile after landing on these shores he 
lived near Niagara Falls. In April, 1871, he re- 
moved to Peotone, and worked on a farm there, 
and was also employed at one time in Chicago, till 
187C. In that year he located on his present farm, 
and two years later he began his inde])endcnt ex- 
istence as proprietor and raannger of a farm of his 
own, buying this of its former owner and from its 
rich harvest fields he reaps a good income. It is 
pleasantly located on section 8, and its one hundred 
and sixty acres are in a fine state of cultivation. 
He does a good general farming business and for 
the past six 3-ears he has been paying |)artieular at- 
tention to raising Short-horn cattle. 

To the wife who has materially assisted him in 
making their cosy home and looks so carefully to 
the comfort of the household, Mr. Cann was united 
in marriage August 21, 1872. Mrs. Cann's maiden 
name was Amelia Ahlborn, and she was born in 
New Voik City, July 31, 185G, to William and 

^'^^^^^t^ *x.^ 


^^. >^^ 



Amelia (E[)SOn) AIiHkhh. wliocaiiK' fnnii ( !friii;iiiy 
lo MoiK'P in 185;'), and loc-alcd vn a furiii, wIiltc 
lilt! fathrr subscqucnlly dioil. His widi)w iiiiw rc- 
siiU'S ill IVMitiino. Of the tliifu c-hildrcii Ijcirn lu 
her, two are li\ Amelia ^I'l'l Heiiiy. She has 
married a seeoiul lime, tnliiiig as her liushaiid Henry 
l\a|)hof. by whom she has one eliild, George. The 
wedded life of our subject and his estimable wife 
has been blessed by the eight children born to them: 
George, William, Herbert, Clarence, Thomas an<l 
Richard. Tw<i of their children died, one in in- 
fancy and one at ten years. 

The years that liave passed awa\- since our suli- 
ject landed in this country have been fraught with 
much care and labor, but every obstacle has been 
steadil.\' conquered by atiuiet determination to turn 
everything to his advantage as far as practicable, 
and by wise economy and thrifty management he 
has placed himself in an honorable )JOsition among 
his fellow-townsmen, he having increased the small 
capital of |i5 with which he landed in this 
country, to a comfortable competence. He is al- 
ways interested in the welfare of his adopted town- 
ship, and has aided in its maLerial and moral 
elevation. At one time he served as Road t'oni- 
missioner, working faithfully to improve the local 
highways. His wife belongs lo the Presbyterian 
Church and identifies herself with all its good work. 


« I^ILLIAM DOUCiAI.L, M. I). On the op- 
\j2JK posite i)age appears a lithographic portrait 
WW of Dr. Dougall, whose long residence in 
WillCount}-, together with his active partici()ation 
ill all worthy measures for the developraenl of the 
resources of the communitj-, has made hira [iromi- 
nent both socially and in Ihe ranks of the profession. 
His life has been such as to shed an ad<lcd lustre 
on a good old name, and he inherits sub>lan- 
tial trails of character which have rendered the 
Scotch famous amid a galaxy of nations. It has 
boi'ii said that there are two kinds of education, 
one which is received at school, and the other, more 

inipcirtanl, which we gi\c ourselves. Dr. Dougall 
was fortunate in gaining each kind of training, and 
as a result his character has been rounded out and 
developed, while he has acijuired those habits of 
perseverance and energy, which arc so essential to 
success in any profession. 

Our subject, who was the filth son of John and 
.Margaret (Iloustoun) Dougall. was born at Inder- 
wood, Paisley, Scotland, March 1, IS 12. His father, 
who was a leading cotton spinner in the west of 
Scotland, came with his family to this country in 
liS.'iS, and purchased a farm near New Haven, liid. 
(Jn this hoinestead he died Decendier 2S. I,s74. hav- 
ing reached the ri|)e age of seventy live years. His 
life was characterized by sincere piety, uncompro- 
mising rectitude, and by social qnalities->vhich se- 
cured for him the love and esteem of his iieighliors. 
The niolher vf Dr. Dougall born .laiiuaiy 1, 
18(11. in the village and [larisli of Huustoun, Ren- 
frewshire, Scotland, and was descendeil from a 
Freiich-lluguenot famil\- who left France at the 
lime of the massacre of St. l>artlioloiiicw. She 
survived her husband several years, dying June 17, 
1888. The family included twelve children, eight 
of whom survive. These are Mrs. David McGre- 
gor, of ^Manchester, England ; Mrs. John Iladden, 
of Milwaukee, Wis.; James, of the Ro3al Botanic 
Cardens in Glasgow, Scotland; Allan H., of Ft. 
I W n\ ne.lnd. ; David, of Georgetown, British Guiana, 
I South America; Mrs. Dr. M. F. Williamson, and 
our subject of .loliet, 111.; and Mrs. .1. F. lieurct, 
; of Anlwcri). ( )hio. 

The family are truly cosmo|iolitaii. Of the four 
who are decea.sed, one is buried in Scotland, one in 
England, one in America mid one in China. The 
widow of the eldest son lives in London, England; 
some of the grandchildren live in Lisbon, Portugal; 
and ill China are to be found a son-in-law, grand- 
daughter, and three great-grandchildren. These 
are the family of a beloved daughter. Lsabelle F. 
Williamson, who after thirty years spent in the mis- 
sion lield of China, died, and was buried in August. 
I.SS(;, in the liekl which she had selecled for her 
life W(n-k. Her lueiiujry survives her, ijerpetuated 
as it is by numerous translations and a widely 
known and celebrated work entitled ■•Oiil High- 
ways in China." Such is the family lo which the 


subject of this sketch belongs and he is a worthy 
representative of a good old sto(,k. 

William Dougall was educated at the High School 
at (ilasgow, au institution founded in the twelfth 
century. Here he finished his preparations for the 
study of medicine, upon which he was al)out to 
enter, when the change of circumstance and loca- 
tion by reason of his father's emigration to America, 
compelled him to relinquish for a time his pro- 
jected career. Upon tlie breaking out of the Civil 
War he quickly responded to the call for troops, 
and on June 1, 1861, enlisted in Company C, Fif- 
teenth Indiana Infantry, at Ft. Wayne, lie served 
with his command in every engagement, sustaining 
severe wounds at the battle of Stone River, Teun. 
On October 1, I8G3. having passed the "regular" 
examination he was commissioned Captain in the 
Thirteenth United States Colored Infantry, in which 
capacity he acted, often with an independent coni- 
maiid. until the close of the war, when be resigned. 
His luotlicr. Allan Housioun Dougall, was also a 
Captain and Adjutant of the Eigiity-eighth Indiana 

On his return from the field William Dougall 
t(Jok up his medical studies, subsequently taking 
the regular medical course in the University of 
Michigan at Ann Arbor, and remaining there dur- 
ing IStld-'GT. On March 1. 18G8, he received the 
degree of Doctor of Medicine from the Chicago 
Medical College, and on the first of the following 
month began the practice of his profession at Le- 
mont. Cook County, HI. He was married October 
1. 1S7"_'. to Miss Cassie Walker, daughter of Edwin 
Walker, of Lemont, and then removed to Joliet, 
where he now resides. Here he has followed his 
profession with great success and has especially dis- 
tinguished himself by his skill in surgical cases. 
He takes a laudable intmest in the advancement of 
his profession, in which he has secured a leading 

Dr. Dougall is now President of the Board of 
Examining Surgeons for pensions at .lolict, and also 
President of the Will County Medical Society. In 
1875, being an ardent Republican he was Chairman 
of the County Central Committee. As an organizer 
he possesses elements of success and is capable of 
ably assisting in the party work. In 1879 he was 

appointed Postmaster at Joliet, a position which he 
laid until 1883. At present he is Commander of 
Bartleson Post, No. 6, G. A. R. He is a gentleman 
of scholarl}' tastes and ripe culture, and is active 
in the promotion of all efforts for the materia! and 
social advancement of the community in which ho 

OHN O. PIEPENBRINK. Among the pros- 
perous farmers of Crete Townshii) he with 
whose name we introduce this sketch, holds 
no unimportant position. He has been suc- 
cessful as a tiller of the soil and has made a specialty 
of stock-raising, for which purpose he has one of 
the finest bodies of land within the township, this 
lieing located near the town limits and comprising 
seventy-three acres on secliiju I(j, and thirty-two 
acres on section 2, adjoining. The land is very 
fertile and improved with good buildings and has 
been occuiied b}' Mr. Pieiienbrink since the fall of 

With the exception of eighteen months which 
he spent in the citj' of Joliet, Mr. Piepenbrink has 
been a resident of Crete Township since a child 
three years of age. He was born in Hesse-Casscl, 
Germany, January 5, 1847, and when three years 
old accompanied his parents, John and Sophia 
(Willie) Pieiienbrink to the United States, they set- 
tling in Crete Township, where they are still living. 
The father purchased land, where with the aid of 
his estimable wife, they built up a good homestead 
which they still own anil oceuj)}'. John O. was 
reared to habits of industry, becoming fully fami- 
liar with the various pursuits of farm life and re- 
maining with his parents until setting about the 
establishment of a home of his own. 

With the above-mentioned object in view, Mr. 
Piepenbrink was married Api'il 5, 1875, at the 
bride's home in Crete Townshii) to Miss Dora Or- 
kenberg. This lady is a native of the same prov- 
ince in Germany as her husband and was born 
January 8-, 185(1. She likewise was a child of three 
years win n her parents came to America, and they 
settled in Crete Township, where the fathei'-im- 
proved a taim and where both parents spent the 



remainder of llieir da^s. Both were past seventy- 
four years of age, the mother surviving her husband 
but a short time. They were must e.\celleiit and 
worthy people and members in got>d standing of 
the Lutheran Clmrcli. 

To our subject and liis estimable wife tliert have 
been born four cliildren, viz.: William O., Eda 1)., 
Albert F. and Martin J. Mr. and Mrs. I'iepenbrinii 
belong to the Lutheran Ciiuroh at Crete and hold 
no seeondar3' position among the leading people of 
their township. Mr. Piepenbrink, politically, allil- 
iates with the Republican party and has held the 
various local oHice^. IK' is one of the Directors 
of the Crete Farmers' Mutual Insurance Compan\-. 
a member of the Finance Committee and has been 
no uuim|)ortanl factor in contributing to its 

—^ ^^- ^ 

KLi) SEMIOLTZ. A well-improved 
farm of one hundred acres located on sec- 
tion 3, ^\asllington Township, has been the 
life-long home of the gentleman above named, who 
now owns tliis part of the parental estate. lie was 
bfiru June I'J, 18G2, and was educated in the com- 
mon schools of the neighborhood. He is well in- 
formed on general topics as well as in the work to 
which he has given his attention as a life labor, lie 
is successfull}- conducting the vocation of a general 
farmer, keeping up the improvements on the home- 
stead, and displaying many of the qualities which 
led his father to success in the same field of labor. 

The chosen companion of Mr. Senholtz was known 
in her maidenhood as Miss Minnie ^Vehrnlann. She 
was born in the same township as her husband, .Ian- 
nary 1!). 18G8, and reared and educated here under 
the oversight of worthy parents who had removed 
hence from Germany at an early day. They im- 
proved a farm which they still make their home. 
The happy union of Mr. and Mrs. Senholtz has been 
blest by the birth of one child, Amcl. Mr. Senholtz 
is a Republican and both he and his wife have 
good standing in the Lutheran Church. 

The father of him of whom we write was Fred 
Senholiz, Sr.. who was born in Germany and there 
reared to agricultural pursuits. In 1848, when 

about of age, he came to the Uniteil States and 
journeying from the coast to Chicago found tin- 
ployment in that vicinity for some time. In ('ook 
County he was married to Miss Augusta Trubc, 
who was liorn iji the Fatherland and when a young 
woman crossed the Atlantic, living in Chicago until 
her marriage. The young. cou|)le soon came to 
Will County and securing one hundred and sixty 
acres of wild land in Washington Townshi|), made 
that their home during the balance of their lives. 

The estate was increased to two hundied and 
eight}- acres and placed under excellent imjirovc- 
ment and cultivation. There three sons and three 
daughters were born to the worthy couple, the sub- 
ject of this union being the second son and child. 
Hut one of the fraternal band has been called from 
time to eternity. The mother breathed her last in 
1875, when past fifty years of age. She was a life- 
long member of the Lutheran Church, had been an 
etlieient companion and a devoted mother. The 
father lived to the age of sixty-four years, dying 
June 28, 1886. He left the reputation of a good 
citizen, a hardworking man and a consistent mem- 
l)er of the Lutheran Church. In politics he was a 

RANCIS L. KKRCHEVAL. This gentle- 
S^ man is one of the leading young men of 
Nevv Lenox Township, a position to which 
his intelligence, business enei'g}- and good charHc- 
ter fairly entitle him. His father was the late 
James C. Kerche\:d, wlici was born in Prel.ile 
County. Ohio. August Id. IMO. His mother was 
.\nna Roundtree. who was lioni in North Carolina, 
January 5, 1820. The Roundtree family removed 
from North Carolina to Indiana about the year 
1825, settling near Crawfordsville, Montgomery 
County, at which place the parents of our subject 
were married in the year 1841. 

At that time James C. Kercheval was a resident 
of New Lenox Township, having come to Will 
County in the fall of 18-30. He was, therefore, one 
of the ver}' earliest settlejs in the count>'. and as 
such deserves grateful remembrance for his assist- 



auce in the early work of development to which 
the resiilents of the county are indebted fur tlieir 
beautiful estates and tlie many comforts and con- 
veniences which surround them. He brought his 
bride to this township, making a home on Maple 
Street, where j-ears of happy wedded life were 
spent and a useful career pursued by both husband 
and wife. Mr. Kercheval breathed his last Feb- 
iiary 6, 1873, after having secured the esteem of 
those about him. His widow survived until Feb • 
uar}' 7, 1888, when she too entered into rest, leav- 
ing behind her a record of good deeds and kind 
words which affords a pleasing remembrance to 
ail who love I her. 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. .1. C. Kerciieval in- 
cluded twelve children, two of whom died in in- 
fancy. The record of those who lived to grow up 
is as follows; Mary J. became the wife of Francis 
Granger and died in New Lenox Township, in Oc- 
tober, 188"2; Charles E. resides near the city of 
Joliol; Sarah E. is the wife of H. C. Larsh, of 
CrawfordsviUe, Ind. ; Martha 1. is the wife of Dr. 
.lames McCann, of Normal, this State; Annie E. is 
the widow of Elvis D. Lynk, who died in the vil- 
lage of New Lenox, in July, 1879; Margaret died 
when twelve j'ears old ; Winlield S. lives in Joliet 
Township; F'rancis L., of whom we write, and 
Frances F. are twins; Albert K. lives in Joliet 

The subject of this sketch was born in New 
Lenox Township, November 17, 1859, and with 
the exception of one year that township has been 
his home during his entire life. He was educated 
in the township schools and in the city of Joliet, 
becoming well-versed in practical knowledge and 
laying the foundation for his present fund of infor- 
mation. He was engaged in mercantile business 
in the village of New Lenox for two and a half 
years and was also em])loj'ed as a clerk there for 
about two years. With this exception he has fol- 
lowed farming. The estate on which he lives con- 
.sists of one hundred acres on section 5, which was 
the old homestead of his father. The buildings 
which stand upon it arc well built and adequate, 
the dwelling being especially noticeable for its 
substantial and comfortable appearance and the 
taste which is manifested in its surroundings. Va- 

rious other improvements have been made upon 
the farm which is conducted according to the most 
improved methods. Mi'. Kercheval showing him- 
self an able agriculturist. 

The many sterling qualities of INIiss Emma F. 
Lynk won the regard of Mr. Kercheval, who was 
prospered in his wooing, winning that lady's con- 
sent to be his wife. Their marriage rites were 
celebrated in Joliet, May, 26, 1880, and happiness 
has follovved their union. Mrs. Kercheval is the 
younger of two children born to Tunis and Lydia 
A. (Hartshorn) Lynk, the other child having died 
in infancy. Mr. Tunis Lynk was a native of New 
York, and his wife, formerly Lydia A. Hartshorn, 
was born in the State of ^'ermont. Her mother 
died in New Lenox Township, January 15, 1877, 
and her father is now living in Lawte}', Bradford 
County, Fla. Mrs. Kercheval was born May 18, 
18G1. in the town.shi|) which is still her home. She 
is the niolhev of two sons — Frank C. and James F. 

Mr. Kercheval is a member of the Republican 
[larty. His townsmen have shown their confidence 
in his worili of character and good judgment by 
electing him to the office of Township Assessor, 
which position he has now held for five years. Mrs. 
Kercheval is a member of the Episcopal Church, 
which her husband also attends. Both are popu- 
lar members of society and well-spoken of on all 

REDERICK C. WILCOX. Although but 
little more than thirty years of age, the 
above-named gentleman holds a prominent 
place among the business men of Joliet, and among 
her most public-spirited and euterpi'ising citizens. 
He is the manager of the immense business of the 
Wilcox Bros'. Lumber Yards, and of the Carriage 
Repository which has been added to the former 
business, and has place in social orders and public 
responsibilities. Probably no man of his years in 
the city that contains so many fine business men, 
can boast of an e(iual record in worldly affairs and 
popular esteem. 

The natal day of Frederick Wilcox was March 
29, 1858, and his birthplace the city in which he 



j'et makes liis home. His father, Edimiml Wilcox, 
is an old settler and well-known resident licre, be- 
ing one of three or four who have lived here fifty- 
two j-ears. His biographj- will appear on another 
page of this volume. The lad was educated here, 
and after eorai)leting his studies was engaged as a 
clerk in the hardware store of Brooks & Co., from 
the age of eighteen until his majority, wiien he 
went to Russell County, Kan. There he remained 
some two and a iialf years, returning to Joliet in 
August, 1881. 

At that time our subject, with iiis brother Will- 
iam G. Wilcox, bought tiie entire lumber business 
of the firm of Mason it Plants. Ere long the 
brother, who was teller in the First National Bank, 
was elected cashier to take the place made vacant 
by the death of the former incumbent, and our 
subject became sole manager of tiie lumber luisi 
ness. He has carried it on successfully, and now 
has the largest yard and trade in the city. In May. 
1889, he purchased the wholesale yards of T. A. 
Mason, at the Jlichigan Central Yards, and has 
carried on botli departments of tlie business since. 

In 1887 Mr. Wilcox erected a carriage rejjosi- 
itory, and undertook the control of that enterprise 
also. He has recentl}' been elected Secretary and 
Treasurer of the Swan Carriage Company, a cor- 
porate body that was organized not long since and 
located in this citj', the object being to do a whole- 
sale jobbing business. Of this company he was 
one of the organizers. The enterprises in which 
he is eng.aged call for much wisdom and tact in 
controlling and guiding the men empkn'cd, liut the 
manager seems to I>e at^no loss to do this, and to 
push forward both so as to insure their increase. 
Nor do these affairs prevent him from taking part 
in other enterprises of a less personal character. 

Mr. Wilcox has held \ arious oflicial stations in 
societies and civic bodies. lie was Worshipful 
Master of Matteson Lodge, No. 175, A. F. A- A. M., 
in 1878-79; and is now Kminent Commander of 
Jollct Conimandery No. 4, Knights Tempi.'ir. He 
was Master of the Blue Lodge at the time of the 
conclave in Washington, and took with him to that 
city his entire corps of otHeers. His lodge was 
honored with an invitation to confer and exem- 
plify the third degree at Alexandria, \"a.. in which 

lodge Gen. Washington belonged, and over which 
he presided eight successive years. Mr. Wilcox 
therefore occupied the same chair, conferring the 
degree in the presence of three hundred of the most 
distinguished Masons of the United Statgs. He is 
one of the originators of the Joliet Masonic Asso- 
ciation, an institution gotten up for the purpose 
of building a Masonic Temple in the city. Its 
present cajiital is $60,000, and Mr. Wilcox is Treas- 
urer and Director, as well as a member of the 
building committee. Tlie intention is to erect a 
building on the North side of Jefferson Street, east 
of the Chicago & Alton tracks, which will be the 
largest and finest edifice in the city. 

Mr. Wilcox is also now a member of the Hoard 
of Kducation, and President of the Union Club, a 
large and fine organization, numliering in its mem- 
l)ership the best elements of Joliet societ}-. He is 
likewise President of the Joliet Improvement Com- 
jjany, a syndicate of property owners, organized in 
1888, he being one of the originators. He votes 
witii the Democratic partj'. As can be seen bj' the 
))rief mention above, Mr. Wilcox is a busy man, 
manifesting his capability in a highly successful 
business career, in the aid of his fellow-men in their 
efforts to upbuild the cit}' and improve its society 
and material appearance, and filling a leading place 
in the community. He is educated in a broad and 
liberal sense, and possesses upright princii>lcs of 



I , ON. ri;i OSGOOD. Among the settlers 
[ jl of June, IK.'id, came the subject of this 
y^y notici' who located in Joliet and began 
1(5)) the practice of law, being among the 
first attorneys of the embryo city — his competitors 
being Messrs. Newkirk, Henderson, I>oardnian 
and Wilson. Mr. Osgood in tiddition to his law 
l)ractice in due time engaged in private banking 
at which he continued until IBG'i. 

In the meantime, having been recognized as a 
valued addili<in to the community, Mr. O-sgood 
was electeil to various ollices and finally to the 
Legislature, being elected to the State Senate in 
which he served from 18.54 to 1860. He was then 



nominateil by the Democracy fis ;i member of 
Congress f:om this district but w:is defeated by 
(Jwen Lovejoy. Subsequently he lived the life of 
a private citizen, attending to his law i>ractice un- 
til his death which occurred February s, 1S71. 
From the lime of locating in .Toilet his home had 
been at the corner of Jefferson and Eastern Aven- 
ues, where he lived comfortably and surrounded 
himself and his family with many of the luxuries 
of life. He left five children at the time of his 
<leath all of whom are living: havirg liad eight chil- 
dren in all. .Tulia became the wife of Charles Scott 
of Cincinnati and died of cholera in St. Louis, 
jNIo. in 1.SG7. at the early age of twenty-two years; 
Al|>ha iM. died when six years o!d;,()ccar died 
aged about six months. The surviving sons are 
Augustus A., Algernon S. and lienry R., all resi- 
<lents of Chicago. Virginia A. is the wife of 
George S. House, a prominent attorney of Joliet; 
Emma Aldrich married Charles .Seymour of I?a- 
tavia. >«'. Y., and they are living in Oakland, Cal. 

On .I.inuary 1, \So'.). the subject of this notice 
was united in marri.nge with jMiss Caroline V., 
daughter of Fenner and Emoline (Wade) Aldrich. 
Mr. Aldrich was born in Massachusetts in 180.3, 
and was a son of <^>ne of the earliest families of 
the Bay State. Tlie iiaternal grandfather, David 
Aldrich, marricil Miss Mar}' Capron, and removed 
to I'ennsylvania whore he took up a large tract of 
land in the vicinity of Harper, Susquehanna 
Cduuty. 'J'here he and his good wife spent the 
leniaiuder of their days. His children later re- 
moved to Northern [llinoi.s. Ijut one son, Levi, 
went in I 852, to California. The mother of Mrs. 
( )sgood bore the maiden name of iMnoliue Wade; 
she was born in Connecticut and was tlie daughter 
of Sylvanus and Mary (Chace) '\\'ade, the for- 
mer of whom served as a soldier in the Revolu- 
lionai-y ^\'ar. 

Fenner Aldiich came to Illinois in October, 
\X'^4, settling in Will County, when it a part 
of Cook County and of which Mr. Aldricli became 
Drputy ShcrilT liefore the divisi(M). He was also 
proprietor of two iuilels. the .Tuliet House and 
Exchange House. In D^.'iC, he was elected the 
Sheriff of Will County, and re-elected in l.s3i). 
He enjoyed a wiile acqunintnnee throughout the 

county and was universally liked on account of 
his genial disposition. For a time he resided in 
Springfield and conducted the St. Xicbolas House, 
during which time Governor M.atteson was one of 
his guests. 

j\lr. Aldrich preferring .Joliet as a place of res- 
i<lence, returned to the city and conducted the 
F]xchange Hotel during the remainder qI his active 
business life. lie departed hence August .i, 1884. 
He was a Democrat politically. The mother ijassed 
awa_y several j-ears prior to the decease of her hus- 
band, her death taking place February KJ, 1872. 
Mr. Aldrich a member of the Masonic frater- 
nity and in religion was a Univers.alist. 

Mrs. Osgood was born October 3, 1821, in Har- 
ford, Susquehanna County, Pa. and came to Jol- 
iet with her'parents when quite young. She ob- 
tained her education in the city schools and when 
reaching womanhood was married January 1, 1839, 
to the subject of this notice. Mr. Osgood was 
born December 22, 1809, in Preston, Chenango 
County. N. Y. where he lived until 1836, coming 
thou to -loliet. Tlie politics of Mr. Osgood was a 
stanch Democrat. Many years ago Mr. and JSIrs. 
Osgood joined the Universalisl Ciiurch and in 18(il 
tliey transferred their menibershiii to the l^iiisco- 
pal Church. 

ATSON F. TWINING. Of honorable .an- 
cestry, from whom he inherited sterling 
S^' qualities of mind and character, which 
have been developed under the care and training 
of worthy parents, this young gentleman is liear- 
in^ his part in the battles of life in a manner 
which wins the regard of those about hiiu and 
causes him to lie numbered among the most enter- 
prising of the younger farmers of Green Garden 
Township. He, witli his brotlier Dana, owns and oc- 
cupies an (excellent farm, comprising two liundred 
and fort}' .acres on section 17, tlie same being the 
estate which his father secured in IS.'il, and which 
father and son developed from the raw [irairies into 
cultivated fields, which producdl abundantly. 

The oriuinal owner of this fine farm was Hiram 



Twining, who born in Townscnil Townsliii), 
Essex C'ounr.y, Mass., in 1819. He was reared 
principally in New Hampshire and ^'ermont. and 
followed fanning and dairying in the latter State 
during liis early manhood. There he was married 
to Miss Betsey Needham, a native of Hulland 
County and daughter of Isaac Needham. a farmer 
and dairyman. 

In 1851 Hiram Twining and lii< family, whieli 
at that time comprised his wife and two children, 
located on one hundred and sixty acres which he 
had secured with a Government land warrant. He 
Grst put up a board shant}% hauling the material 
from Joliet. The breaking of his ground was done 
with a Loekport steel plow made by "Jim" Lane, 
the motive power being oxen. Mr. Twining began 
the dairy business, but it did not prove a success, 
as he had the misfortune to lose his ha}' and meet 
with other c.atastrophies. Ele, therefore, turned 
his attention to general farming, and this ventuie 
proved a successful fine. He added one hundred 
and sixt}' acres of land to that which he al- 
readj- possessed, forming two farms, on each of 
which he had a good set of buildings. He improved 
his herd of cattle, those of a high grade <ii- fidl- 
blood taking the place of the animals he had. 
- Jlr. Twining was an Abolitionist and Repub- 
lican. He belonged to the Christian Church, but when 
the congregation in the neighborhood was disorgan- 
ized he united with the Free-Will Baptists. He 
served as Justice of the Peace one term. His 
death, which was caused by heart disease, took 
place Deeemlier 14. 188'J. His widow is si ill liv- 
ing, making her home with her son, our sul)ject. 
She is now three-score and ten years old and in 
somewhat delicate health. In addition to our sub- 
ject, her family includes Dan.a E., Leonora L. and 
Irena E.. who also live on the, and Jas- 
per E.. who occupies a farm nf eighty aci-cs south 
iif his old home. 

The Rev. Jonathan 'i'uining. grandfather of our 
subject, was born in the village of Orleans, on 
Cape Cod, and was the son of a Revolutionary sol- 
dier. In early life he went with his parents to 
Essex County, Mass., where he married Eliza Ees- 
enden, of the old Bay State. His trade was that 
of a cooper and he owned a shop in Essex County. 

After a time he removed to New Hampshire, 
where he sojourned but a short jieriod ere goinu 
into Vermont. In Rutland County he worked at 
his trade and at teaming until his death. He was 
an active member of the Christian Church and for 
some }'ears labored as a minister. His widow came 
to Illinois and died at the home of her son, Hiram, 
at the age of seventy-five .years. 

The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 
this sketch first opened his eyes to the light in 
Shrewsbury Township, Rutland County, \'t.. April 
8, 1818. He was only a biibe when his parents re- 
moved to this State, which is the scene of his 
earliest recollections. The broad prairie over which 
herds of deer roamed at will, wolves and other 
wild animals were frequentlj^ to be seen and the 
appearances of civilization were but rare, is that 
to which he looks back. He was carefully reared 
by his p.arents, who gave him every .advantage of 
which their surroundings would admit. He attended 
the first schoolhouse which was built in the neigh- 
borhood, it being District No. 1. In study In; 
spent his time during the summer until he was 
fotu'teen years old. and from that time until he was 
eighteen enjoyed similar privileges in the winter. 
In the meantime he had been assisting, as his 
strength would permit, in the home duties, having 
begun to drive a team when nine years old. 

Young Twining a.ssisted his father until he had 
reached man's estate, after which he began a more 
pcr.sonal career, although he conti-nued to reside on 
the homestead, in the pajanent for which he liore a 
part. He carried on the farm for his father until 
llu^ death of the latter, and then he took entire 
charge of H. The laud is all fenced .and is well 
supplied with sul)sl,antial liuildings of various 
kinds, among them being a commodious bam. -10x8(1 
feet, which was built in 1878, a corncrib, gi-anarv, 
windmill and tank, creamery, cic. Orchards and 
groves adorn the land, which is fertilized by Mud 
Creek, at the of which it is located. 

(icneral farming is the work to which Mr. Twin- 
ing gives his attention, and he secures excellent 
croi)s of good grain by an intelligent use of fertil- 
izing agents and modern means of cultivation. He 
raises high-grade Short-horn cattle, graded I'o- 
land-China hogs, and good draft horses, seven hea<1 



of the Latter being kept ami three teams constantly 
used upon the farm. 

Mr. Twining was Township Supervisor in 1886, 
and succeeded H. II. Stassen, the present County 
Clerk. His father acted as School Director, School 
Trustee, and delegate to county conventions, and 
the son is following in his father's footsteps as a 
useful public servant. He is a Republican of the 
stanchest kind and has served his party as a mem- 
ber of the Central Committee. During two terms 
of court he has sat upon the [ictit jury. Ilis re- 
ligious belief is that expressed in the creed of the 
Baptist Church. He and the other members of the 
family circle are numbered among the best citizens 
of the section, iiaving an unusual degree of intelli- 
gence, good breeding and honorable principle. 

\f OHN J. WALZ. The life of this gentleman 
shows in a striking manner what can be ac- 
complished by persistency and diligence, 
l^i^A/' backed by honorable conduct toward man- 
kintl. From the position of a ])oor bo}' he has 
risen ki that of a man of means, the owner of a 
large amount of real estate, including three hun- 
dred and twcnt}- acres in New Lenox Townsliip, 
and Lliirlcen hundred and sixty acres in Ellsworth 
Count} , Kan. The farm lands of Ellsworth, Kan. 
belonging to ou-r subject are quite valuable, eighty 
acres of them being laid out in town lots in the 
beautiful city of Ellsworth, which is the county 
scat of Ellsworth County, besides being under- 
hiiil with a vein of salt one liundred and fifty-four 
feet thick and it being !)7 per cent. pure. \Viiile yet 
a youth he landed in New Yoi'k, "a str.aiiger in a 
strange land," with ten francs in money (less than 
two dollars) ami the lirst money he earned in 
America was sent to his father to repay the indebt- 
edness for his passage monev. Under circum- 
stances which would have discouraged many, 
young Wal7. began the course of persevering in- 
dustry which has resulted in si>i\uing to hiui the 
line estate already mentioned. 

The gentleman of whom we write is the eldest 
of three sons born to Daniel and M.arnarettn (Knlni- 

bach) Walz, his brothers bearing the names of Dan- 
iel and George C. His father was born in Wal- 
dorf, and his mother in Spieldberg, both towns in 
the kingdom of Wurtemburg, which forms a part 
of the Germanic confederation. Both parents died 
in their native land. In Waldorf, he of whom we 
write was born F'ebruar}^ 5, 1836. He acquired a 
good fundamental education and learned the trade 
of a book-hinder prior to leaving his native land, 
which he did in April. 1854, embarking in a sail- 
ing vessel which reached New York the last of 
June. In the metropolis 3'oung AValz remained 
nine months, after which he went to Torrington, 
Litchfield County, Conn., where he worked on a 
farm for §8 a month. 

In December, 18.56, Mr. Walz left Connecticut 
to become a resident of Will County, 111. Here 
he took a contract with another man to cut two 
hundred cords of wood and in the spring began 
working by the month for different farmers in New 
Lenox Township. He continued to work in this 
w.ay for several years, even after he had purchased 
eighty acres of land, which he was able to do in 
the spring of 18GI. Tliis he rented until 1.SG6. 
In the spring of 18G3, lie went to California, re- 
maining on the Pacific coast three years and while 
there engaging in different occui)alions. On his 
return to the Prairie State he purchased an addi- 
tional eighty acres of lanil and turned his atten- 
tion to the cultivation of his own farm. He has ' 
increased the acreage still more and erected thereon 
an excellent set of buildings, including a pleasant 
dwelling, commodious barns, granaries arid other 

At the honic of the l>ride"s parents in New Lenox 
Township, April 6, l.S(;,s. the i-ites of wedlock were 
celebrated between Mr. Wal/. and IMiss Henrietta 
A. Stricher. This lad}' was born in Mecklenburg, 
Germany. November 2(1. 181(!, being the fifth in 
a family of six children. I ler brother and sisters 
are named So|ihi:i, Louis, Louisa, Carolina and 
Fredericka. Her paients, Frederick and >ophia 
(Freier) Stricher, were born in the Duchy of Meck- 
lenlturg and lived there until the latter part of the 
'r)(1s when they emigrated to America. They came 
to this county and located in Green Garden Town- 
ship, whence they afterward removed to New 

^/Zj ^^-^^^-^^ 



Lenox Township where Mr. Stricher died in 1880. 
Mrs. Stricher is still living and makes her home 
with our subject. Mrs. Walz was well educated 
and from her honored parents received good in- 
struction in the principles of right living and the 
useful habits in which the German women excel, 
wiiile her manners are marked with'the friendliness 
and courtesy which everywhere win regard, ller 
happy union has resulted in the birth of seven 
cliildrcn — Addie L., George A.. Frank H., Arthur 
L.. Sadie A.. Florence E. and Estella H. Of these, 
Frank, Arthur and Sadie are dead. 

Mr. Walz has been Highway Commissioner and 
School Director, in these public stations as in his 
personal affairs exhibiting zeal and good judgment. 
In politics, he is a Republican, firmly believing 
tliat by that party the best interest of the Nation 
will be advanced. The famil}- attends the Ger- 
man Lutheran Church, supporting it by means and 
influence. It is needless to state that Mr. Walz is 
highly respected, not simply because he is a man 
i-f means, but because his character is an honor- 
able one. The younger members of his family are 
worthy descendants of parents whom they regard 
with lijving reverence. 

.^^-^.IMOTHY L. MILLER. No visitor to this 
|i^^ county would long be unfamiliar witii the 
^^Jy name and personality of the gentleman above 
named, who is widely known to stockmen and 
others as one to whom the advancement of tiic 
cattle interests in this section is largely due. He 
has undoubtedly done more to introduce fine Here- 
fi<ril cattle than any other man in this vicinity, 
and ranks as one of the leaders in stock-raising in 
the entire State. Not less than i^l 00,000 has been 
spent by him in this direction, and at all the 
[irominent expositions he carries off his share of 
laurels on the slock exhibited. He became promi- 
nent as the owner of the famous bull, Success, 
wliich has a wonderful record for his fine descend- 
ants, and went far to popularize the noble breed. 
Mr. Miller began the introduction of Herefords 
In the spring of 1872, when he introduced Sir 

Charles, No. 543, from the Province of Ontario, 
Canada. He subsequently became the owner of 
Success, whom he imported from Herefordshire, 
England, by the side of his dam when he was three 
months old. This animal was regarded as the great- 
est of his breed in the world, Lord Wilton of Eng- 
land not excepted. Mr. Miller refused 825,000 
for him, and kept him until his dcalli in the fall of 

Mr. Miller claims that eighty per cent, of his 
herd are daughters and granddaughters of this 
famous animal. The present head of the herd is 
Conqueror, the son of Success from Leonora III., 
the dam being the sister of Mrs. Edwards Leonora, 
which was regarded as the best cow of England. 
Foremost among the other animals are Dictator 
and Grove Turner, the latter being the grandson 
of Lord AVilton on the sire's side and of Grove 
III. on the dam's side. The entire herd consists 
of about two hundred fine animals, three-fourths 
of which are cows and heifers, and represent some 
of the finest strains in this countrj'. 

Mr. Miller was born in Middletown, Conn., April 
7, 1817, and is a representative of fine old New 
England families of English and German descent. 
He grew to manhood in his native place, receiving 
as good an education as New England afiforded in 
her common schools. He removed to Summit 
County, Ohio, in 1812, purchasing his first land 
two years later, and living upon it until 185G. He 
then came to Illinois, immediatel}' after the com- 
pletion of the Illinois Central Railroad, securing 
(jlovernment land in this county. His first pur- 
chase was two hundred and forty acres, which was 
subsequently increased until his estate amounted 
to over six hunilred acres, all of which is highly 
ini[)rovecl and about half drained by tiling. All 
of the outbuildings are first-class, the immense 
slock barn being one hundred and eighty feet 
square, and so arranged as to shelter three hun- 
dred head of cattle and feed to supply the whole. 
Tlie residence is one of the largest in the State, 
being two lumdred and four feet long; it is built 
in seclions, the main building on the west, office in 
the center, contains twenlj-five sleeping rooms, 
and is well designed for the pleasure and accommo- 
dation of the household and the numerous visitors 



who enjoy its hospitality. A cellar is built under 
the entire edifice. 

The father of our subject was Tiniotliy B. Miller, 
a native of Midilletown, Cunn., and the son of 
Peter Miller, who was born in Prussia and there 
educated for the ministry. He did not follow the 
ministerial profession, but" coming to America 
when a young man, settled in Connecticut and de- 
voted himself to business. He married a Miss 
Joyce, who came of English parentage, and both 
died in New England at an advanced age. The}- 
were members of tiie Episcopal Church. Timothy 
H. Miller early in life learned the liusiness of a 
slioe manufacturer, which he followed for some 
years, later becoming a trader in meats, continu- 
ing in this business during the remainder of his 
active life. He removed lo Ohio in 1846, dying 
tliere a few years later. 

InMiddletown, Conn., the fatiier of our subject 
was married to Miss INLar^- Hughes Pierce, a native 
of that city and the daughter of an English couple 
who lias resided in Boston during the Revolution- 
ary War. They subsequently removed to Middle- 
town, where Mr. Pierce for many years had the 
management of a brewery. Mrs. Timothy B. 
Miller after the deatli of her luisljand came to Illi- 
nois, and lived with her children in this State 
until 1886, when siie was called hence at the ad- 
vance<l age of eigiity-six years. Her demise took 
Ijhicc at the home of her daughter, Mrs. Edward 
Mize, of Chicago. She and her husband were 
iictive members of the Episcopal Church. They 
were the parents of six children, two of whom died 
young and one in mature years. The survivors 
are: our subject, who was the first-born; Charles 
R., a business man of Brooklyn, N. Y. ; and the 
daugliter before named. 

The first marriage of tlie gentleman with whose 
name this sketch is introduced took place at tlie 
bride's home in Mi Idletown, Conn. His chosen 
companion was Miss Abigail, S. Elliott, who was 
born in that place, was carefully reared by excel- 
leiit parents, and well educated. Her parents were 
(Jiark and Almira ((iiUett) Elliott, who belonged 
tn iironiincnt New England families and were also 
unlives of Connecticut. Mr. Elliott was a earriage- 
inuker in liis earl}- life, but in later 3'oars devoted 

his attention to general merchandising. He died 
in his native State wlien about three-score-and-ten 
j'ears old. Mrs. Elliott survived him some 3'ears, 
dying in 1888 at the ripe old age of ninet3'-five. 
Both were members of the Congregational Church. 

Their daughter, Mrs. Miller, shared her hus- 
band's J03'S and sorrows until 1858, when in the 
prime of life she was called from time to eternity. 
She was the mother of five children, dying at the 
birth of the last, who was christened Henry, and 
who died when three years of age. The surviving 
offspring of this marriage are: Kate E., wife of 
George B. Woodward, who has charge of the 
branch house of the Fairbanks Scale Company in 
St. I'aul, Minn.; Abbie A., the wife of Frank 
Gould, a wholesale merchant of Chicago, whose 
residence is in Evanston; Mary P., wife of Albert C. 
Reed, who resides in Crete, this county, and does 
business as a broker in Chicago; and Timothy E., 
a farmer of Washington Township. 

The lady who now presides over Mr. Miller's 
home became his wife in Rockford, prior to which 
time she had borne the name of Anna E. Hodges. 
She was born in Clarendon, Vt., July 22, 1828, 
being a daughter of Silas W. and Polly (Gillett) 
Hodges. Her jiarents were natives of Vermont 
and Connecticut resitoctivel}', and of New Eng- 
land parentage. The father was a son of Dr. Silas 
Hodges, a prominent physician who died in Clar- 
endon in 1804, at the .age of sixt^'-one years. The 
mother belonged to a family of seafaring people. 
The old stock in both lines were Congregationalists 
in religion. The parents of Mrs. Miller were mar- 
ried in Rutland County, Vt., and there the mother 
died at the age of fifty-two years, and the father at 
the age of seventy-two. He had been a farmer, 
merchant and owner of a marble quarry. 

Mrs. Anna Miller educated in Holyoke, 
Mass., and there acquired an excellent mental 
training and develo(»ment, together with a knowl- 
edge of the high principles which should animate 
womanhood. She came to Rockford, 111., after 
reaching maturity. She is the mother of one child, 
a daughter, Abbie, who died in infanc}^ She and 
her husband have been members of the Congrega- 
tional Church for many years. Mr. Miller is a 
genial man who takes great pleasure in showing 



visitors over liis fine estate, and his stock is by no 
means overlooked. The good cheer of the mansion 
is dispensed with grace by his wife, whose culture 
and refinement fit her for anj- circle of society. 
Mr. Miller was formerlv a Democrat, and was 
President of the Hickory Club in Middletown, 
Conn., in 1840, but since the organization of the 
Republicau party he has taken his place in its 

Elsewhere in this volume appears a lithographic 
portrait of Mr. Miller. 

^■>ILLIAM II. HUNTER, coal dealer in Jol- 
A\'A-;<y iet, is a native of this city, in which he 
was born August 1, 1854. He is a son of 
Thomas K. and Lucinda (Smith) Hunter, the for- 
mer of whom was born in Sullivan County, N. Y., 
Febru.iry 2. 1818, and c«me to Will County, 111., 
in 1.S37. En route to this place he stopped at 
Crand Haven, Mich., for a time, and after arriving 
in Jojiet opened a smithy, he being a blacksmith. 
In 1849 he was attacked by the gold fever, and 
went to California, where he was very successful 
during the one short year he remained there. On 
his return, in 1850, he built a residence on the 
corner of Oneida and Broadway' Streets. In 1854, 
lie began the propagation of fruit, opening a nur- 
sery in the southwestern part of the city, which he 
eontiinied until 1882. He enjo3-ed the respect 
and confidence of his fellow-citizens, and twice 
elected bj' them to a place in the city council, 
lie died April 22, 1888. His wife, the mother of 
William H., died March 25, 1882. 

Tlic above-named Thomas R. Iluntoi' was mar- 
ried July 23, 1845, to Miss Lucinda, daughter of 
D.'uton and Fatha Smith, both of whom were 
early settlers of this county, to which they had 
come fi-om Indiana, in 1835. For many 3ears Mr. 
Smith was a Justice of the Peace. Originally a 
Tcnnesseean, in politics he was a pronounced Dem- 
ocrat, and during the war. when he believed that 
slavery was doomed, he said he hoped he would not 
be spared to see the bl.n.-ks liberated. Altliougli the 
Emancipation Proclamation was issued prior to his 

death he did not witness much of its effect, and 
may almost be said to have realized his wish as he 
died September 22, 18G3. The union of Thomas 
K. Hunter and Lucinda Smith was blessed by the 
birth of two children: Fatha E., wife of J. Q. A. 
King, of City, Mo.; and AVilliam H., of 
whom we write. The devoted mother preceded 
husband to her long home, d^'ing March 15, 1882. 
She also was a native of Tennessee. The ancestry 
of the Hunter family is traced back to Scotland on 
the one hand and through the Davenports to Col- 
onists who came to America in the good ship "May- 

The boyhood of our subject was passed in Jol- 
ict in acquiring a common-school education, and 
laying the foundation for the habits which mark 
his life. The coal trade possessed a great attraction 
for him, and his first business venture was to pur- 
chase an interest with Ferdinand Munch. A short 
time afterward we find him in partnership with 
Fro}^ (t Hawkins, and after a of this associa- 
tion, he bought out the interest of Mr. Frey, and at 
the end of the second 3-ear that of Mr. Hawkins. 
From a comparatively small beginning, he built 
up the coal tr.ade to large diraemsions and 
compelled through increase of business to greatly 
enlarge his facilities for handling "black dia- 

From the smallest, the business of Mr. Hunter 
has become the largest in the county. In 1881 he 
associated Mr. O. W. Curtis with himself, but a 
year ago again assumed entire control of the 
trade. Step by step, tiirough singleness of pur- 
pose and the practice of strict integriti', Mr. Hunter 
has climbed, round by round, the ladder of success. 
He attends strictly to business, taking but little 
part in politics, although an ardent Republican. 
Social Ij' he stands high in popular esteem. 

He was married, November 13. 1878, to Miss 
Mollie P. Turner, of Lockport, this county. Two 
children have been born to them: Carrie L., Au- 
gust 17,187'.); and Robert S;unuel, October 17, 
1 8.S 1. 

S. S. Turner, the father of Mrs. Hunter, was a 
native of Berwick, Pa., whence he came to Illi- 
nois, in 1851. He was a moulder and pattern 
maker, but finding little to do in this line, in the 



comparatively new West to which he had come, he 
employed himself in boat building and carpenter- 
ing. At that time the heavy business done by 
canal, made boat building a most desirable indus- 
try. He died May 25, 1882, that being his six- 
tieth birthday. Ilis first wife, the mother of Mrs. 
Hunter, Mrs. Caroline Turner, had breathed her 
last December 24, 1860. 

(j^^jHOMAS LARKIN. Among the wcU-regu- 
M^\ laled liomes of Joliet Townshi[) none have 
^^i^ about them an air of greater comfort and 
content than that which has been l>uill up by the 
joint efforts of Mr. Larkiu and his estimalile wife. 
They make no pretensions to elegance in their 
style of living, but have plenty to eat, drink and 
wear and .something laid b^' for a rainy day. It is 
possible that in their modest home tliere is vastly 
more genuine happiness tlian is to lie found in a 

A native of County Galway, Ireland, Mr. Lar- 
kin was born in the year 1838, and is the son of 
Kdwin and Mary (Kelley) Larkin, who were also 
natives of the Emerald Isle and who spent their 
entire lives there. Thomas lived with his jiarents 
until a young man of twenty years and then re- 
solved to seek his fortunes in America. Repair- 
ing to Belfast, he embarked on a sailing vessel 
wliicli, after a journey of four weeks, landed him 
safely in New York City. Soon leaving the great 
metropolis, he turned his steps toward the far 
West, coming to this county and for two years 
was in the employ of the Rock Island Railroad 
Corapan}'. After lliis he engaged in farming, 
working by the month for about three years. At 
the expiralioTi of this time he had saved a Utile 
money and taking unto himself a wife and help- 
mate, rented a farm in Loekport Township, which 
he operated successfully for several years. Next 
he purchased the farm on which he now lives, se- 
curing at first eighty acres and later added to his 
landed possessions, so that besides this farm which 
now embraces one hundred and thirty acres, he 
has eighty acres in Troy Townsliip. The whole 

is in a good state of cultivation and the home 
farm is supplied with neat and substantial build- 

The marriage of Thomas Larkin and Miss Ellen 
Goss was celebrated at the bride's home in Joliet 
in the year 1859. Mrs. Larkiu was born in 
County Queens, Ireland, about 1840, and is the 
daughter of Anthony and Catherine (Downy) 
Goss who were likewise natives of that county, 
where they spent their entire lives. The father 
was a farmer by occupation and the parental fam- 
ily comprised six children. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Larkin there have been born 
five children, all living and named respectively, 
Edward, Mary, Thomas, Bernard and Agnes. Mary 
is the wife of Frank McManus and they live in 
Loekport Township. Mr. Larkin, politically is a 
pronounced Democrat, well informed, progressive 
in his ideas and possessing more than ordinary in- 
telligence. He has served as School Director in 
his district and Overseer of Highways. Both he 
and his estimable wife belong to the Catholic 
Church. Mr. Larkin before making permanent 
settlement crossed the Mississippi into Missouri, 
but not liking the country returned and he thinks 
there is no section which in all respects is equal 
to the Prairie State. 

J^^^NDREW .1. LINEBARGER. Probably 
'lM no section of country has advanced more 
li rajiidly tlian that of Northern Illinois and 
this has been wholly owing to the character 
of the men who first made settlement here. They 
encountered many diflieulties during the first years 
of their sojourn in the Prairie State, but they came 
equipped, not so much with worldly goods as the 
spirit of lesolution and perseverance which admitted 
no such word as "fail." They battled with the 
elements of a new soil, the inconvenience of rude 
farming implements and imperfect transportation 
of their produce, and have lived to see prosperity 
smiling upon their labors. 

He with whose name we introduce this sketch 
deserves more than a passing mention in noting 



the early settlers of Will County-. He is the son of 
one of its most worthy pioneers and was born at 
his father's old homestead in Jackson Township, 
January 7, 1834. Ilis father, Henry Linebargcr, 
was a native of North Carolina while liis mother 
who bore the maiden name of Nancy Ilougliam, 
was a native of Ohio. Henrj' Linebarger came to 
Illinois in the fall of 1832, accompanied by his 
brother George, then went back to Indiana, and in 
the spring of 1833, retnrned to Will County, 
where he spent the following snmmer and in the 
fall of the year went back to Park Comity, liid., 
for his family. They settled on section 21,. lack- 
son Township, in the month of November, at a 
time when the country was very thinly settled and 
there they continued to live until called from their 
earthly labors. The fatiier died September 8. 
1842, when comparalivel3' a young man. The 
mother survived her husband for the long period 
of thirty-tive years, remaining a widow, and de- 
parted this life April 22. 1877. 

To tile (larcnls of our subject there was born a 
family of seven children, of whom Andrew J., 
was the third. He has been a life long resident of 
Jackson Townshii) and obtained his education 
mostlj' ill the log schoolhouse in the neighbor- 
hood of his father's farm. After the lalter's 
death he remained with his mother until his mar- 
riage. This interesting and important event 
occurred April 30, 18,50, at Joliet, 111., the bride 
being Miss Eliz,abeth, daughter of Joseph and 
Frances (Hildebrand) Phillips. Soon after their 
marriage Mr. and Mrs. Linebarger settled upon 
the land which they now own and occupj-, and 
which comprises four hundred and thirty five broad 
acres on section 20. Here the}' have since made 
their home. The household circle was completed 
by the birth of three children, the eldest of whom, 
a son, Lewis II., is a banker in Peotone, this Slate; 
Laura is unmarried and remains with her parents; 
Emma J., is the wife of J. R. McCleery, of O-xford, 

The parents of Mrs. Linebarger were natives of 
Germany, where they were reared and married. 
Upon emigrating to America they settled in Mad- 
isou County, N. Y., where the mother died in April 
1881, and the father in October, 1888. Their 

family consisted of eight children, of whom Mrs. 
Linebarger was the next to the eldest. She like- 
wise is a native of the Fatherland and was born 
.lanuary 1. 1831. She was a child of twelve 
years when coming to America with her par- 
ents and was reared to womanhood in Madison 
County, N. Y. She has been the true liel|)m!Xte of 
lior husband in all iiis worthy undertakings antl 
has assisted him iiKiterially in the accumulation of 
their proiierty. 

The Linebarger farm is one of the most valuable 
ill Will County, being improved with good build- 
ings, fruit and shade trees and all the other appur- 
tenances required by the progressive and indus- 
trious agriculturist. Mr. Linebarger keeps himself 
(losled ni)on modern methods of agriculture and 
avails himself of the most approved machinery in 
the cultivation of his land. It is devoted largely 
to iivnxn raising, while INlr. Ijinel)arger gives due 
attention to the breeding of good grades of live 
stock. He is conservative in polities, usually giv- 
ing his supp()rt to the Democratic party. He has 
never been an o(lic5-seeker, preferring to give his 
time and attention to his farm and his family and 
is looked upon as a peaceable and law-abiding citi- 
zen who has contributed his full quota to the gen- 
eral welfare of the community. Our subject was 
the first white child born in Jackson Township. 


(S^Oj the leading enterprises of Joliet may be 
li mentioned the livery business of Mr. Pat- 
terson, which is carried on in that sys- 
tematic manner which indicates in a marked 
degree his adaptation to this calling. Prompt and 
courteous in the treatment of his customers and a 
straightforward man in all the relations of life, he 
occupies an enviable position, both in business and 
social circles. 

The subject of this notice traces his ancestry to 
one of the best nationalities on the face of the 
globe — the Scotch-Irish, from which have emanated 
qualities that on both continents have constituted 
a large portion of their bone and sinew. Andrew 



Patterson, the fatlier of our subject, was born in 
t'ounty Tyrone, Ireland, but was of Scotch ances- 
try. The mother bore the maiden name of Eliza 
Vnrner. She was also a native of County Tyrone 
and of ancestry similar to that of her husband. 
They spent their childood and 3'outh near Die 
place of their birth, where they were married and 
where they still live, the father engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits. 

To the parents of our subject there was born a 
family of ten children, nine of whom are living and 
making their homes, five in tlie United States and 
four in Europe. Alexander V., the fourtli in order 
of Ijirtli. is a native of tlie same place as his [lar- 
ents, and liorn in County T3-rone, October 16, 
1.SG2. He remained with them until approaching 
the twentieth year of liis age, and then, believing 
that lie could better himself in the United States, 
left the old roof-tree Aiiril 2G, 1882, embarking 
for the promised land. Landing in New York City 
on the 2d of May following, he came directly to 
Illinois, locating in .loliet, and for six montlis 
tliereafter was in tiie employ- of his uncle, T. II. 
Patterson. At the expiration of this time he en- 
gaged as a fireman with the Jlichigan Central 
Railroad Company, remaining thus occupied about 
three years. The Joliet Steel Company next 
claimed his services, and he remained with this 
company until October, 1888. 

Having now the wherewithal to embark in busi- 
ness on his own account, Mr. Patterson secured a 
goodly number of horses and vehicles, establishing 
himself on Ottawa Street, occup3'ing Nos. 208 and 
210. His stables are equipped with modern con- 
veniences antl patronized liberally by the best 
people of Joliet and vicinity. About the time of 
starting his business, Mr. Patterson also formed 
matrimonial and domestic ties, being wedded, Oc- 
tober 2, 1888, to Miss Minnie M., daughter of the 
late John and Melinde (Ilarelh) Stock. The joung 
couple established themselves in a snug home on 
Oneida Street, and are now the proud [jareuls of a 
little daughter, Linda L.. who was born October 
12, 1889. 

Mrs. I'atterson was born in August, 1H68, in 
Joliet, of parents who were both natives of (ler- 
many. They emigrated to America in 1854 and 

settled in Troy Township, where the father en- 
gaged in farming. Mr. Stock died in March, 1881, 
in Joliet. The mother had passed away ten yesirs 
prior to the decease of her husband, her death 
taking ])lace at Joliet, May o, 1871. There was 
born to them a family of four children, of whom 
Mrs. Patterson was next to the youngest. 

Tlie paternal giandfather of our subject was 
James Patterson, who was born in Scotland and 
who spent his last days in Inland. His wife bore 
the maiden name of Jane Hawley. She also was 
of Scotch birth and ancestry. They were married 
in Scotland, whence they removed to Ireland, 
where Grandfather Patterson engaged in farming. 
On the maternal side of the bouse Grandfather 
Alexander Verner was a man of note in his day 
and a Colonel in the British arn)3-. He married 
Susan Rankin. Both were natives of Scotland, 
whence they renK)vetl to Ireland and died in Count}' 

Upon becoming a voting citizen, Mr. Patterson 
identified himself with the Republican party, of 
whose princi[)les he is a warm supjjorter. Both he 
and his estimable wife are members in good stand- 
ing of the Central Presbyterian Church, of Joliet. 
They have started out in the journey of life under 
favorable auspices and with the good wishes of 
hosts of friends. 

OUIS METTEUIIAISEN, publisher of Das 
Volksbkttt, is conducting the only German 
paper in Will County. It is a journal 
largely patronized by the (Jernian residents of 
Will Count3', being well edited and devoted to 
local interests while expounding in a clear and 
decided manner the principles of the best interests 
of the people, independent of an3' political party. 
The subject of this notice was born January 21, 
1840, in the town of Gilten, Hanover, and lived 
there until a young man of twent3'-five 3'ears, ac- 
quiring a good education, and following the profes- 
sion of a teacher. In October, 1865, he emigrated 
to the United States an<l first located in Naperville, 
III. Subsequently he was in Detroit, Mich., Cleve- 



land, Ohio, Cliic.ago and Beeclier, III. prior to lo- 
cating in Joliet where he settled in Oelolier, 1H89, 
at which tlnae he moved Dns Volkshlnll from 
Beecher where it had been estiihli.shed in May, 
1882. At Beecher, he was a prominent man, hold- 
ing the ofHces of Postmaster and School Treasurer 
and Trustee. When first locating at Beecher in 
1869, he established himself as a general mcrc-iiant 
and conducted tiie store in eonneclioii with otlu r 


business until his removal. 

Mr. iNIetterhausen was married May G, 1<S71, to 
IMiss Minnie Klusmeyer at Beecher, HI., and they 
are now the parents of three bright children — 
Carl, born April 6, 1872; Charlotte, February 9, 
1876, and Emil, IMarch 31, 1881. Mrs. Metter- 
hausen is likewise a native of (iermany and born 
in the Province of Hanover, November 6, 1853. 
She came to America with her parents when a 
young girl of fourteen years. They settled in 
Washington 'i'ownship, this county; the father is 
deceased and the mother resides in Chicago. 

&0151AS KAIIS. Through the efforts of such 
men as Tobias Fahs, the prairie lands of 
Peotone Township, that once were covered 
with the rank growth of coarse grasses and brilliant 
wild flowers, have become the fertile fields, fruitful 
orchards and velvety lawns of an advanced civili- 
zation. The farm which is the home of our sub- 
ject lies ou section 14. and is furnished with all 
needful buildings and the other improvements 
which indicate to the |)asser-by that it is under the 
control of a man of iu<lustry. good judgment and 

The Fahs family is of Swiss stock, and has been 
represented in America for several generations. In 
Maryland, Abraham Fahs, the father of our subject, 
was born and made his home during his entire life. 
He was a whitesmith by trade. He married Elizalieth 
Siesa, a native of the same State, daughter of 
George Siess, a blacksmith, who in later life became 
a large farmer and the owner of several farms. 
Abraham Fahs died in 1813, and the widow subse- 

quently married Conrad Willliide. She died in 
1832, and Mr. Willhide in 1839. The fruit of her 
first marriage was four children, all now deceased 
except our subject. Her second marriage was also 
blessed b)- the l)irth of four chihlren, of whom one 
is deceased. 

The subject of this biograjihical review was born 
September 2, 1811, in Frederick County, Md. He 
attended a subscription school about two months 
in the winter season, and even in boyhood had to 
work very hard on his stepfather's farm. His ex- 
l)criences were the ordinary ones of a farmer's boy, 
and his time an<l labor were given to his stepfather 
until he was nineteen 3'ears of age. He then bought 
some mountain land, and worked in the timber, 
getting out bark, posts and cooper's stuff for five 
or six years. In 1841 he removed to Perry County, 
Pa. .where liis brother had a large tannery, working 
there eight years as a finisher of leather, and dur- 
ing the last two years tending a store of his 

The health of Mr. Fahs became somewhat im- 
paired, and he was obliged to return to farm labor, 
as better suited to his constitution. He operated a 
farm in Pennsylvani'^ until 1856, then came to Illi- 
nois, settling in Knox County, but sojourned there 
but a year, lie tlien came into Will County, pur- 
chased a farm on section 14, and began his labors 
.as one of the [lioneer farmers of the township. 
The section was mit Ihinl}' settled, and although 
the country is level, he could see but two houses 
from hi.s home. His farm was all raw land, which 
he placed in good condition, retaining it in his pos- 
session until some three years since. Since that 
time he has made his home with his son, Corne- 
lius L. 

Mr. Fahs was fortunate in his choice of a life 
companion, securing for his wife Miss Araminta 
Willyar.l, ol.lest child of I'eter and Elizabeth 
(.Millei-) Willyard, natives of Maryland. Miss 
Araminta was born in Frederick County, Septem- 
ber 22, 1812, receiving a common-school education 
and a training in useful accomplishments and good 
principles from her worthy parents. Of the seven 
brothers and sisters who once composed the family 
circle, she and two others are all that now survive. 

The union of Mr. and Mrs. Fahs was celebrated 



April 3, 1833, and ton cliiklren have como to bless 
their happy home. Those who Imve been reared 
to mature years are Harriet S., wife of Christ. 
Schryer, their iiome being one mile south of Peo- 
tone, and their farail\' including Ave children; 
James A., who married Ruth E. Winslow, has one 
child, and lives at Hinckley; Elizabeth, widow of 
August Cliase. has one child: .lulia, wife of John 
Gloss, and mother of seven children, their home 
being in Carboudale, Kan.; Maria, wife of the Rev. 
Joseph J. Tobias, of Chicago, and mother of two 
children; the Kev. David "W., who married Jennie 
Kerr, lives at LeMars, Iowa, and has lliree eliildren; 
Cornelius and Amelia, who are still single and at 

Coi-neli\is Fahs displa3-s mari<ed talent as an 
artist, doing beautiful work in free-hand drawing, 
without instruction, and also [lainting in oil and 
water colors exceedingly well. He has taken two 
painting lessons from the artist Higelow. of Chicago. 
Man}' specimens of his work adorn the walls of 
the home, and afford pleasure to his parents and 
many friends. All of the brothers and sisters iiave 
received a good common-school education and take 
advantage of the means afforded bj' the [ircss to 
add to their store of knowledge and keep pace with 
tlie World. 

Mr. and Mrs. Fahs, their children and their sons- 
in-law and daughters-in-law lielong to the Presby- 
terian Church. The only exception is the Rev. J. 
J., who is identified with the Methodist 
Episcopal denomination. All are activel}' interested 
in the Sunday-school, in which the father has been 
a teacher. He is an Elder in the church. He has 
been School Director and School Trustee for many 
years, manifesting the interest in the cause of edu- 
cation which would naturally be expected of a 
gentleman as intelligent as he. The first school 
in this locality was on his farm, the first teacher 
being Ruth E. Winslow, now Mrs. J. A. Fahs. 
The Rev. J. J. Tobias was also a teacher in the 
same school. 

Mr. Fahs was elected Township Supervisor, serv- 
ing in that office two terms. He has always been 
strongly on the side of temi)erance, and has be- 
longed to a temperance society. In politics he has 
been a Wliig, a Know-Nothing and a Reiniltlican. 

During the Civil War he was a warm advocate of 
the Union cause. sup|)orting it very liberally with 
money as well as witli his personal influence. He 
helped to organize the first church in this neighbor- 
hood, and was one of the charter members. His 
religion is not put on as a Sunday garment, but is 
a clothing for every-day life; his tastes are refined, 
his mind aglow with intelligence, and take him all 
in all, he is one who may well he taken .as a model 
citizen and man. 

'ill — ^ DWARD J ARM AN is managing his farming 
LU] interests in DuPage Township with satis- 
j_ — '^ 1 factory results, lie is a native of Wales, 
born August 24, 184G, and on his father's side 
coming of a well-known old family of exclusively 
Welsh origin. His parents, Edward and Martha 
Jarman were likewise n,atives of tiiat country. He 
was but a year old when his father died. His 
mother survived her husband several years; her 
death occurring after our subject had been in 
America for a long time. He was the youngest of 
four children and wa.s reared in his native land by 
his mother's brothers, making his home with them, 
more or less until he came to this country. His 
father was a farmer and he was bred to that pur- 

Starting out in life with no capital excepting his 
physical and mental endowments, in 1867, thinking 
that he could better his condition in this great 
Republic, he took passage for this country at Liv- 
erpool and, after a vo\age of thirteen and one-half 
days, first set foot on these shores in the great me- 
tropolis of the country. Rightly believing that his 
best chances for carrying on his calling as a farmer 
were in Illinois, he came directly to this State. He 
began his life here bj- working out for others and 
was thus engaged for seven years. For more 
than two years he was in the employ of Reuben 
Smith, and afterward worked for Jonathan Royce 
about four years, and for nearly three years farmed 
that gentleman's place on shares. After that for 
five years he farmed on shares in Wiieatland 
Township, and in 1882 came to this township to 




take lip bis residence. He located first on section 
7, made liis abode tbcre two j'ears and then settled 
on his present farm on section 19. lie lias more 
thun one huiiilred and ninely-three ac-rcs of land, of 
which oiu' hundred and throe acres com|5risi' the 
honiu farm. 'Jiiis is already under excellent culti- 
vation and yields, in repayment for his hard labors, 
line harvest:-. It supplied with suitalilc huildinus 
and Mr. Jarnian lias good machinery to carry on 
Ills farm work. 

By his marriage, November 15, 1873, with Miss 
Mary A. Campbell, a native of Ireland, our subject 
secured the co-operation of a clu^erful helper and 
active worker. Three children, Gertie, Mary and 
Lulu, have blessed their marriage to them. 

As we haver seen, Mr. Jarumn has had his own 
way to make in the world, and that he has done 
well so far is evinced b}' the condition of his es- 
tata. He possesses a fair share of energy, acumen 
and thrift, and a knack of working to the best ad- 
vantage, and these, with other attributes, have 
contributed to his prosperity. He is a man of 
intelligence, is well posted in general affairs, and 
in.nnifests proper public spirit. He has done good 
service as School Director. He interests himself 
sufficiently in the politics of Lis adoi)ted country 
to take sides with the Keiiubiican party. 

-^ ^-*^ ^^ 

■^^DMUND WILCOX. For a period of thir- 
3'ears 'Squire Wilcox has officiated as 
ce of the Peace in Joliet, being elected 
to this office in the spring of 1877, and serving 
continuously^ by re-elections since that time. He 
was elected each time by an almost unanimous 
vote, and at the last election received all but fiftj^ 
of the ballots cast. One year he received twenty- 
three hundred out of about twenty-four hundred 
votes caat. Although a pronounced Democrat, 
his name was on all the tickets of all parties and 
these facts intlicate his popularity among the peo- 
ple of this count}'. He keeps one of the neatest 
dockets ever opened, there being scarcelj^ a blot on 
all the pages on which he has entered records for 
the last thirteen years. Socially and in business 

circles he is a universal favorite, being of genial 
and obliging dispdsilion, and making friends where 
ever he goes. 

The suliject of this notice was born September 
18, 181G, in Onondaga Count}', N. Y., and is thus 
a])|)roaching the seventy-fourth year of his age. He 
is the offspring of an excellent family, being the 
son of Loammi and Hannah (Paddock) Wilcox, 
who were natives respectively of Connecticut and 
Washington County, N. Y. The father was a 
farmer bj' occupation and met an accidental death 
in Onondaga County in 183C, at the age of fifty 
years. The parental household consisted of four 
children, of whom Edmund was tiie second born. 
His younger brother, Harvc}', of Los Gatos, Cal., 
is now deceased; Cordelia W., Mrs. Clement, re- 
sides in Joliet; Caroline, the wife of Dr. W^ilson, 
died \n her native county; Loammi Wilcox was a 
carpenter b}' trade, which he followed, however, 
but a few years, finally engaging in the more con- 
genial occupations of farm life. The Wilcox fam- 
il}' was an old and prominent one in New England. 

The district school afforded Mr. Wilcox his early 
education and later he entered Hamilton College 
at Clinton, N. Y., from which he was graduated in 
1835. The following year he came to Joliet, and 
for thirt}' years thereafter was engaged in the dry- 
goods business, being part of the time associated in 
partership with his brother-in-law, Mr. Clement. 
He has alwaj's signalized himself as a progressive 
and iiublic-spirited citizen and for ten years was 
President of the Gas Company, superintending the 
construction of their building and being otherwise 
prominent in its management, and for a number of 
j'ears was a prominent member of the Citj- Council. 
In making the journey hither from New York State 
he traveled overland by team, sometimes in a 
wagon and sometimes oa a sled, it being in winter, 
and accompanied by three other young men: He 
thus had a full experience of pioneer life and has 
been the interested witness of the transformation 
of this section of the country from a wilderness 
into the abode of a civilized and prosperous people. 
After becoming a resident of Joliet Mr. Wilcox 
was married March 26, 1845, to Miss Sarah M.. 
daughter of Joseph and Electa (Chauncey) Green. 
The parents of Mrs. Wilcox came to this State 



from Washington County, N. Y., settling in Mc- 
Henry County. During liis younger years Mr. 
Green engageil in mercliandising, but after coming 
to Illinois, turned his attention to agricultural pur- 
suits. Mr. and Mrs. Green spent their last years in 
Blue Islraul, Cook County. Mrs. Wilcox was born 
July 23, 1825, in Washington County, N. Y., and 
remained a member of her father's household until 
her marriage. Of her union with our subject there 
was born a famil}' of seven children, three of whom 
died in infancy: Alvin C. who died May 11, 1873, 
leaving one child, now the wife of H. E. Porter, of 
Joliet; William G., is Cashier of the First National 
Bank; Frederick C. is engaged as a lumber dealer, 
manager and partner of the firm of Wilcox Bros. ; 
Charles C. is the City (Jlerk of Joliet. Mrs. Sarah 
M. Wilcox departed this life at her home in Joliet, 
March 12, 1890, at the age of sixty-four years. 

The long period during which Mr. Wilcox has 
resided in Will County has made him well known 
to the citizens, who will therefore welcome ids por- 
trait as a valued addition to the Aluum. 

J ALTER PADDOCK, a pioneer of fifty-two 
years standing, established himself as a 
^ , resident of Homer Township, this county, 
in February, 1838, and he has since resided within 
its limits. The country was then in wide contrast 
to its )iresent condition and no man has looked 
with warmer interest upon its progress and develop- 
ment than he with whose name we introduce this 
sketch. He has had a full experience of life in the 
early days and 1)3' his industry and his good quali- 
ties as a citizen, has contributed his full quota to 
the growth and progress of his adopted township. 
No man in the township has nnide for himself a 
better record and none are held in higher esteem. 
The subject of this notice was the fifth in a fam- 
ily of fourteen ciiildren, the offspring of Jonathan 
and Mercy (Weaver) Paddock, and was born in 
Camillus, Onondaga County, N. Y'., August 19, 
1817. He remained a resident of his native county 
until a youth of eighteen j'cars and afterward lived 
in Cayuga County two years. Then, in February, 

1838, he emigrated to Illinois and has since been a 
resident of Homer Township, this county. 

The early years of Mr. Paddock were spent in a 
comparativel}' uneventful manner, in attendance at 
the district school and learning the various arts 
pertaining to farm life. He was content to adopt 
this as his life vocation and has been uniformly 
successful as a tiller of the soil, securing a home 
and a competence for his declining years. When 
nearly thirty years of age he was married in Homer 
Township Februar}' 25, 1817, to Miss Jane .S. 
daughter of the late T. T. and Mary (Hollenback) 
Roberts, who were natives of Vermont. 

After marriage the newly wedded pair settled 
on a farm on section 21, Homer Township, whence 
in 18i9, they removed to that which they now 
own and occupj'. The household circle was com- 
pleted b}^ the birth of five children, the eldest of 
whom, a son, George A., died September 9, 1887, 
at the age of thirty nine years. Jerome is farming 
in Homer Township; Florence died when three 
years old; Ehner E. and Merton F., are farming 
in Homer Township. Politicallj', Mr. Paddock is 
in accord with the principles of the Republican 
party. He has represented Homer Township in the 
County Board of Supervisors for a period of six 
years and has also officiated as Assessor several 
terms. Tlie cause of education has ever found in 
liim a firm friend. He has officiated as a School 
Trustee, also as Highway Commissioner and Town- 
ship Collector, and to whatever position he has 
been called, he has fulfilled its duties in a manner 
creditable to himself and satisfactory to all con- 
cerned. Mrs. Paddock belongs to the Congrega- 
tional Church in Homer Township. 

The father of our subject was Jonathan Paddock, 
a native of ^V'ashington Count}', N. Y., who mar- 
ried Jliss Mercy Weaver, who was also born in the 
Empire State. The parents were married in Wash- 
ington County and settled in Onondaga County, 
whence they removed later to the town of Aurelius, 
in Cayuga Count}', where they both died at the age 
of sixty-six years. Nine of their children lived to 
become men and women; seven are now living and 
residents mostly of Michigan. New York and lUi 

]\Irs. Paddock was born March 11, 1825, in Men- 



(Ion, Monroe County, N. Y.,iind was the tliiid in a 
fiiinily of eight chililren. Slie came with her parents 
tu Illinois about 1845. The latter were natives of 
Vcnnonl nnil after their removal to New York 
State with their respective parents were residents of 
Monroe and Niagara Counties. .Mrs. Roberts de- 
parted this life at Lemont, 111., a few years ago. 
Mr. Roberts died in Monienee al)0ut IS.') I. They 
were most worthy and estimable people, enjoying 
the respect of all who knew them. 

^f: ACOB KARCH. One of the most enterpris- 
ing and public-spirited farmers of Frankfort 
^. Township is the gentleman above named, 
v(^/' whose pleasant home is located on section 
25. Ilis estate comprises one hundred and sixty 
broad and fertile acres, which under his careful and 
intelligent control produce abundantly and make 
their cultivation both pleasant and profitable. A 
full line of farm buildings is conveniently dis- 
posed, and a fine orchard supplies an abundance of 
fruit as well as adorning the farm with its pleasing- 
shade and waving boughs. Mr. Karch raises grain 
and cattle and a good grade of draft horses, of 
wiiich he keeps about fifteen head. 

This gentleman is of German ancestry, his lather. 
Ileur3' J. Karch, having been born near Frank- 
fort on the Rhine. He was a baker there but after- 
ward engaged in hotel-keeping until 1838, when he 
came to America and located in Herkimer County, 
N. Y. There he continued the occupation of an 
hotelkeeper and also conducted a farm finally 
operating one hundred acres. In 1850 he changed 
his location to Will County', 111., buying two hun- 
dred and fortj' acres on section 3G, Frankfort 
Township. Here he broke the soil and made all the 
improvements, carrying his produce to Chicago by 
teams and consuming three days in the trip. Me 
was a very successful farmer and eventually be- 
came the owner of five hundred and sixty acres of 
land which is divided into three improved farms. 
He held township offices at various times, built the 
first school-house and church in his vicinity and 
manifested a high degree of public spirit. He be- 

came well-known as a straightforward business 
man. In politics he was a strong Republican and 
in religion a member of the German Methodist 
Episcopal Church in which he was Class-Leader nnd 
otherwise prominent. He died on his homestead in 
1888, at the advanced age of eighty' years. 

The wife of Henr}^ Karch was Catherine Fecter, 
who was born in Bajren, Germany, and who died 
on the home farm four weeks after her husband. 
She had borne eight children named respecti'velv, 
Catherine, Caroline, IIenr3', Charles, Jacob, Martin, 
Margaret and Fred. Henry was a member of the 
One Hundredth Illinois Infantry, in which ho on- 
liste<l in 18G2, and was killed at the battle of Chick- 

The gentleman with whose name we introduce 
this sketch was born on the Mohawk River, near 
Frankfort, Herkimer Countjs N. Y., September 5, 
1816. He was but four years old when his father 
removed to the Prairie State, the journey being 
performed by ta\1 to Chicago and by team to the 
farm in this county. Here the lad grew to man- 
hood amid the usual surroundings of a farmer's 
son and was early set to work in the fields. His 
education was received at what was known as 
"Skunk's Grove Knowledge Shop," an old log 
schoolhouse with slab benches and the other prim- 
itive furnishings common in new settlements. 

During the boj'hood and youth of our subject 
wild game was still plentiful in the vicinity of his 
home and oxen were used upon the farms, several 
yoke being attached to the breaking plows, and 
which he learned to drive. On one occasion when 
about fourteen years of .age he was sent to Chicago 
to sell a yoke of fine large oxen. On the way he 
had to cross a creek which was frozen over and the 
cattle refused to go upon the ice. As soon as they 
came to the edge of the stream they would back 
and in spite of his efforts the^' continued this 
process for about an hour when the bo\- thought of 
a scheme by which he could get them across. Turn- 
ing them with their heads toward home he backed 
them on to the ice and as soon as they saw it before 
them, they continued the backing process very 

Young Karch remained at work for his father 
i until about twenl,y-four years old when he look 



personal control of the farm, continuing it some 
tbree years. He then purcliascd his present place, 
the quarter section having no improvements except 
the l)reaking. The soil being all tillable except 
what is left iu the timber and the owner having tlie 
knowledge and exiierience of a practical farmer, lie 
soon brought it to its present condition of beauty 
and worth. The lady to whom he owes the com- 
fort of his home life was known in her maidenhood 
as Miss Louisa .Schraeder. She was born on board 
a Mississippi steamer when her parents were com- 
ing from New Orleans. Her father, Martin Schrae- 
der, was formerly a farmer at Blue Island, Cook 
County, but is now residing in Chicago, having be- 
come well-to-do and retired from his active labors 
four years since. 

The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Karch was 
celebrated in tliis county iu 1873, and has l>eeu 
lilest by the birth of six children named respectivel}', 
Albert, Laura, Charles, Carrie, Lydia and Artluir. 
Their home being but two miles from Frankfort, 
they have excellent advantages which comljine the 
best of country and town life, and their children are 
being well reared and educated. Jlr. Karch was 
School Director nine years and was the means of 
placing the school on the imi)rov('d footing in 
whicii it is now carried on. He belongs to the 
Methodist Church at Frankfort, iu which 
he has been Steward and Trustee. In politics he is 
a stanch Repuljlican. His personal popularity is 
great and all recognize his worth as a man and cit- 

.— !£^_,^=- , "^ '^ ^'',r «' "^ ■ , i— • .^-^ 

l\ each human being is building a monu- 
ment more enduring than Time itself — 
one which for grandeur and sublimit)' 
deitends entirely upon the subject and is in no wise 
affected by what '-they" sa}- or do. This is the 
monument of a life, and the pleasing task of the 
biographical writer is to set this upon the printed 
page. When the min<l and heari of men are 
attuned to noble deeds and upward growth, it needs 
not that we .add to the simple record what would 
but "gild refined gold" but to call attention onlj' 

to what has been done in business, oflflce orsociet}', 
and the traits that a personal acquaintance will 

The Irish race is honored in the person of the 
gentleman named above, who is now engaged in 
business in Peotone, owning a large grain elevator 
there, and also holds membership on the Chicago 
Board of Trade. He is a self-made man, as will 
be seen, and the reason tlicrefor understood b}' fol- 
lowing the facts of the parental histor}'. His 
[larcuts, .Tolin and Bridget (Blulvihill) Collins, 
were born in County Clare, Ireland, the one in 
1815 and tlie cither in 1817, the father being a 
gardener in his own land. They were married in 
1843, and l^ecame the parents of five children — 
Michael; John, deceased; Martin, who is in the 
hardware business in Peotone; Thomas, Illinois 
Central Agent at Grand Crossing; and Marj', wife 
of William T. Shaffer, a farmer in Wayne County. 

When the Emerald Isle was sorely afflicted by 
famine in 1848, Mr. Collins came to America and 
obtaining work on the Vermont Central Railroad 
earned money to send his suffering family and 
finally to bring the mother and two sons — the fam- 
ily then — across the briny deep. A temporary- 
home was m.ade in tlie Green ^Mountain State, 
whence thej' removed to Canada. There the father 
worked on the Great Western Railroad for six years 
or until its completion, then locating in Fayette 
Count}', 111., where he still resides. He helped to 
build the Illinois Central Railroad, continuing his 
arduous labors until about a dozen years ago. He 
is still active, bearing his years well, but his wife 
is not in robust health. They were not able to 
bestow upon their children all the advantages that 
would be possible if thej' were young now, but 
gave them good advice and what education they 

Michael Collins was born in Count}' Clare, near 
the historic grouml of the Shannon River, October 
15, 1845, and was about five years old when 
brought to America. The schooling he received 
was barel}' suflicient to give him an understanding 
of the rudiments of education, but since attaining 
manhood he has diligently applied himself to stud}' 
and made wonderful progress. He has carried on 
a systematic course of general reading, including 



law, polities and ethics; and has collected one of 
the finest and best selected libraries in this locality. 
It contains standard works on almost every con- 
ceivable subject, scarcely a topic referred to in his 
home being witliout its volume for consultation. 

■\Vlien sixteen years old 3'oung Collins began life 
for iiiniself by securing a clerksbip in a store at 
Farina, Fayette County. Tlie opportunity for ad- 
vancement seemed limited and his ambition led 
him to desire a broader field. He therefore went 
to Kinainndy, Marion County, where he learned 
telegraphy and station work on the Illinois Central 
line. In 1863, lie was appointed night operator at 
Oilman, Iroquois Count}', and a month later was 
transferred to Makanda, Jackson County, .as agent 
and operator for the Illinois Central He 
perfijrnied tlic duties of the otlice hut a year when 
on account of fever and ague he obtained a trans- 
fer to Peotone, where he added the duties of ox- 
press agent to those he had formerly carried on. 

For twelve years Mr. Collins held the position 
iiere, 8atisf3ing his employers and the public, and 
he then resigned in favor of his brotlier Thomas. 
himself entering into the grain and h.ay business 
in company with Robert Rains, under tiie linn 
name of Rains & Collins. In 1875, the connec- 
tion was dissolved and a new partnershi[) formed, 
the firm of .Scliroeder, Smith & Collins embarking 
in the sale of general merchandise and carr3ing it 
on five years. During that time our subject and 
Mr. Schroeder were also connected in tlie grain 
business, the style of the linn lieing Collins and 

The same year that Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the Presidency, Mr. Collins made the race in this 
district for the Legislature and was elected on the 
Republican ticket by a large majority'. His record 
in the Thirty-second General AssembI}- of Illinois 
is one of an opponent of all ring jobs, unnecessary 
and extravagant appropriations, and the friend of 
every means of real development and moral growth. 
He has held local oltices for many years and his 
popularity is indicated in the fact that he has 
repeatedly defeated candidates of the German race 
which predominates in his locality. He has been 
Supervisor of Peotone Township for }-ears, has 
also been Chairman of the County Board, member 

of the Village Board and School Director. He has 
likewise been Justice of the Peace, although he 
read law for purely business purposes and not 
with the intention of practicing it other than in 
his own affairs. 

Tlie same fall that he was elected to the legisla- 
ture, Mr. Collins sold out his interest in the gen- 
eral merchandise business and bought out his part- 
ner in the grain trade, to which he has given his 
exclusive attention as a means of support and gain. 
The trade has constantly grown in his hands, the 
month of jNLay, 1890, having brought him §20,000 
in business in Peotone. In connection with that 
business he holds a membership in the Chicago 
Board of Trade, thus being able to operate among 
the bulls and bears of the grain market that almost 
rules tbe deals of the countr}-. Mr. Collins also 
has a half interest in the Tile Works at Peotone, 
and a share with his brother in the hardware busi- 

Mr. Collins was fortunate in his choice of a life 
corapanion.gaining for his wife Miss Caroline Folke, 
who became Mrs. Collins, December 2,1869. She looks 
well to the waj's of her household, graciously pre- 
sides over the tasteful dwelling, and surrounds her 
family with the joys of home only possible to a 
true and devoted woman. .She was born M.ay 22, 
1852, was educated in the common schools and 
belongs, like her husband, to the Presb^'terian 
Cluirch. Her father, Dr. Henry Folke, was a prom- 
inent ph^'sician of this county for many years; he 
died in 1879. Her mother bore the maiden name 
of Louisa Klinsman and is still living, making her 
home with Jlr. and Mrs. Collins. Dr. and Mrs. 
Folke were born in Germany whence thej' came to 
America many j'ears ago. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Collins three children have been 
born — Kittie. Grace and Paul. Miss Kittie was 
graduated from the Peotone High School in 1890, 
and will take a course of instruction in instrument- 
al and vocal music at Lake Forest University, near 
Chicago, next year. Miss Grace will accompany 
her and take a classical and scientific course, while 
it is the intention of the parents to give Master 
Paul equallj' good opportunities as his }-ear3 

Mr. Collins is Elder and Trustee in the Presby- 



terian Chureh and Superintcnrlent of the Sunday 
School. Miss Kittie teaches the infant class. In 
principles and practice, Mr. Collins is a temperance 
man. lie has been a Republican since he arrived 
at manhood and was a member of the Union 
League when it was dangerous, in Southern Illinois, 
to belong to it or the Republican party. He has 
taken an active part in conventions, county, State 
and Congressional. He belongs to Peotone Lodge, 
636, A. F. and A. M., in which helms occupied the 
Secretary's chair man}' times. 

The residence of Mr. Collins was a purchase and 
lias been remodeled and beautified since he became 
the owner. It is furnished throughout in accor- 
dance with the taste of the occupants and is a pop- 
ular gathering place for the best citizens. A few 
years ago Mr. Collins platted Collins' Addition to 
Peotone. He has owned several farms but only for 
purposes of speculation, selling when good oppor 
tunities came. When three j'ears old he had the 
&mall pox, and, taking cold, the disease settled in 
his right side and limb, permanently crippling 

.|ii - i titn 3?,Kn'"nMi; 

^^pSiHOMAS CULBERTSON. This gonllenian 
(jm^.\ is numbered among the old settlers of AVill 
^^^' County, in which liis residence began in 
1836, a few months after he had attained his ma- 
jority. The long years which he has spent here 
have given him an extended acquaintance through- 
out the county, and he is well-known as one whose 
\ ears have been spent in industry and good citi- 
zeubiiip. He is the youngest of ten children who 
comprised the family of Thomas and Mary 
(Wood) Culbertson, parents and children being 
natives of New Castle County, Delaware. 

The eyes of our subject opened to the light Au- 
o-ust 23, 1814, and his boyhood was passed in the 
pursuit of knowledge and the home duties suited 
to liis years. When sixteen years old he learned 
the miller's trade, at which he was occui)ied in his 
native Slate until he came to Joliet. Here he 
found employment in the McKee mill, in which he 
remaidcd until August, 1838, after wliich he spent 
two or three nuinths in tiie Norman mill, Ihe dam 

of which was then taken out for the canal. He 
then went to Wilmington, finding emploj'ment at 
his trade in the mill of Dr. Bowen, and after 
twelve months spent there returned to Joliet and 
entered the Robert Jones steam mill. There he 
was engaged but a few weeks, leaving to settle on 
Hickory Creek, where he engaged in milling for 
himself. The old Red Mill having been begun 
but left unfinished, Mr. Culbertson rented and fin- 
ished it, operating it for two years prior to his 
purchase of the propertj', which he continued to 
manage until the summer of 1865. Since that 
time he has followed different occupations, having 
sold las mill a short time after he gave up oper- 
ating it, and having since his marriage occupied 
the homestead on section 12. His home is one 
of com flirt, the dwelling being a cozy one, and 
the laud which accompanies it sufficient in extent 
to furnish farm products "enough and to spare" 
for the use of the familj'. The little farm com- 
prises thirteen acres, which under careful control 
is of more value than many estates much greater 
in extent. 

In March, 1 8.")0, having been attacked \)y gold 
feve:, Mr. Culbertson, with several comjianions 
left Joliet to cross the plains to California. Their 
journey tii the Eldorado and the experiences 
which Mr. Culbertson passed through in the four 
years of his residence upon the Coast, become 
very interesting when graphical!}' pictured by 
himself, but it is not our purpose to attempt their 
recital here. Suffice it to say that the mining to 
which he devoted himself proved more lucrative 
than in the case of many who had left home and 
friends and exposed themselves to danger and pri 
vation in their search for the precious metal. 

On November 19, 1856, in Joliet Township, Mr. 
Culbertson was united in marriage with Miss Mar- 
tha M., daughter of Lewis and Mary (Runyon) Ker- 
cheval. The bride was born in Preble Counfy, 
Ohio, October 0, 1824, and was six years of age 
when brought by her parents to the Prairie State, 
their settlement being made in New Lenox Town- 
ship, this county, where they abode until death. 
Mr. Kercheval was a native of Virginia and his 
wife of Kentucky. They had ten children, of 
whom Mr.*. Culbertson is the fifth in order of 



birth. Sbe had the advantage of excellent home 
trnining, acquiring many useful arts, together 
with the qualities of disposition and character 
which make her respected and admired, and which 
have been a potent factor in the comfort of home 
life. She has borne her husband three children — 
Thomas E., Mary E. and Anne E. The son is now 
book-keeper for Sanger & Moody, in Chicago; 
Mary is the wife of Wilbur II. Smith, of Jolicl; 
Anne died when about nineteen months old. 

Mr. Culbertson Ilis served both as School Direc- 
tor and School Trustee, fulfilling the duties of the 
offices in a creditable manner, and evincing a dee[) 
interest in the progress of education. In politics 
he is a Democrat. Both himself and wife have 
man}' warm friends in the county, and although 
they are highlj' regarded for the labors of their 
earlier years and their record as old settlers, the 
respect in which they are held is due still more to 
their ple.asant natures and upright characters. 

EVI M. CLAYES. This name represents 

bone of the oldest living pioneers of Will 
County. lie came to this region as early 
as 1832, when the present site of Joliet was covered 
with weeds fifteen feet high. The main thorough- 
fare through this part of the country terminated 
at Lockport, which was a hamlet of half a dozen 
shanties located near the river. ^Ir. Clayes took 
up a tract of Covernment laud in the vicinity of 
Lockport, and after making some improvements 
left it and went to Chelsea, now Frankfort, where 
he established a store of general merchandise, 
having mostly the red men of the forest for his 

Mr. Clayes likewise was one of the first Postmas- 
ters in Will County, and conducted the office and 
his store until failing health compelled him to a 
change of occupation. He then turned his atten- 
tion to farming on the section of land of which he 
was the owner and became well-to-do, bringing a 
large portion of bis land to a good state of culiva- 
tion and putting up fine buildings. He also set oui 

an orchard with numbers of other fruit and shade 
trees, while about one mile south grew up by de- 
grees the town of Frankfort. 

In March, 18G8, Mr. Clayes sold out and re- 
moved to another farm belonging to him and lo- 
cated in the same section. Tliere also he operated 
a steam sawmill and in this manner disposed of 
about eighty acres of oak and walnut timber. The 
Rock Island Railroad furnished him abundant ship- 
ping facilities and he realized from this venture 
handsome returns. He remained there until wisely 
deciding to lessen his labors and cares, and in 1873 
removed to Joliet and erected a large fine house at 
the intersection of Scott and Webster Streets. This 
forms one of the most attractive homes of the city. 
The dwelling stands back from the street and in 
front of it is an extensive lawn while the general 
surroundings of the place indicate the cultured 
tastes and ample means of the [jroprietor. Mr. 
Cla\'es is the owner of other valuable city property' 
and a farm in Green Garden Township, besides veal 
estate in Wilmington. He lias accumulated his 
jiossessions by his own industry and economy, hav- 
ing at the start no resources but those with which 
nature had endowed him. lie has had little time 
to meddle with political matters, aside from giving 
his unqualified sup|)ort to the Republican party. 

During his younger years Mr. Chyes enjoj'ed in 
more than an ordinarj' degree 3'outhful pleasures 
and recreations, and in company with Mr. Stillman, 
inaugurated the lirst ball ever given in the county. 
The invitations were gotten up in fine style, the 
[laper being embellished with the I'nited States 
coat-of-arms and the American eagle. The3' were 
headed "Union Ball" and read as follows: "The 
managers present their compliments and respect- 
fully solicit the company of at the Joliet 

Hotel, Thursday, the 24th inst., at 3 o'clock, P.M., 
fall of 1834. 

O. W. Stillman, J. W. Biown, O. T. Rogers. L. 
M. Clajes, S. S. Chamberlain. C. Sayre, A. Castle, 
R. Nixon, S. Munson, Managers. 

O. W. Stillman, L. :\I. Clayes, Floor Managers." 

The subject of this notice was horn February 8, 
1808, in New Hampshire, and is the son of Peter 
and Lois Clayes, who were natives of Scotland and 
Massachusetts, respcctivel}^ and spent their last 



years in Frankfort, Will County. Peter Clayes 
was the oriirinal manufacturer of the Chickering 
Pianos at Kew Ipswich, N. H. L. M. when a j'oung 
man removed to Pittsford near Rochester, N. Y. 
When reaching manhood he repaired to Pittsburg, 
Pa. and subsequently to Louisville, K}'., in both of 
which places his brother-in-law, Sylvauus Lathrop, 
was engaged as a builder and contractor, mostly of 
bridges, and put up several large structures of the 
kind at both places. He came to Illinois when 
about twent^'-three years old and was subsequently 
married in Mokena, 111, November 21, 1858, to 
Miss Parthena F. Benedict. This lady was born in 
Colbornc, Canada, June 29, 1832. Of this union 
there are two daughters, viz. : Ilattie A., the wife 
of C. H. Talcott, Cashier of the Will County Bank, 
and Louise B., who remains at home with her par- 
ents. The parents of Mrs. Clayes were Amzi L., 
and Lucy (Iloyt) Benedict, natives of Connecticut 
and New Hampshire, respective!}', now deceased. 

*iH()MA.S D. FERGUSON. Farming has 
'(<ri^ been the chief occupation of Mr. Ferguson 
<^'' since he reached man's estate, and he now 
gives his attention to that and to the dairy busi- 
ness at his pleasant home on section 6, New Lenox 
Township. Although still on the sunny side of 
forty, having been born March 31, 1853, Mr. 
Ferguson has nianifi'stcd tlie qualities of tiuc 
manhood, and won an honorable name among his 
fellow-men. His estate comi)riscs eightj'-eigiit 
acres, on which a complete line of farm buildings 
has been erected, all aljove the average, while 
other impiovements are in accord witii tiie edifi- 
ces. The snug estate is so well managed that it 
affords an excellent income and is more profitable 
than a larger number of acres would be if under 
hss elticient control. 

The gentleman of whom we write derives his 
sterling qualities from honorable kScotch ancestors, 
coml)ining traits which the friends of his deceased 
parents well remember in them. His father was 
William Ferguson, and liis motiier Klizabeth Doig, 

sister of Thomas Doig, whose sketch appears in 
this volume. The}' were born in the land which 
has given to the world a Bruce, a Burns, and many 
heroes of sword and pen. After their marriage 
they emigrated to America, settling in New Lenox 
Township, this county, about 1833. They were 
therefore numbered among the early settlers, and 
shared in the labors which have resulted in the 
present [irosperity anil high development of this 
county. They continued to live in New Lenox 
Townshij) until the death of Mr. Ferguson, which 
occurred in May, 18C2. His widow In'cathed her 
last in Chicago, in August, 1871. 

The parental family consisterl of four daughters 
and five sons, he of whom we write being the fifth 
in order of birth. His early years were spent at 
the home in this county and in Chicago, his edu- 
cation being obtained in the common schools. He 
was first married, January 10, 1878, to Miss Sadie, 
daughter of Sylvanus and Mary (Doxtader) Lynk. 
The wedding took place in New Lenox Township, 
ill wliich the bride was born, and where she died 
after a brief married life, passing away December 
10, 1,S79. She left an infant son, William L. Tiie 
second marriage of Mr. Ferguson took i)lace at the 
residence of the Hon. Dwiglit Haven, October 19, The bride was Miss Nellie L., daughter of 
Dwiglit and Helen L. (Savage) Haven, and was 
bi>rn ill New Lenox Township, November 2, 1853. 
Her [larental and ancestral history is given in the 
sketch of her father, found elsewhere in this vol- 

Mr. Ferguson has served ellicieiitly as School 
Director, as an ollicial and as a private citizen 
manifesting a deep interest in the cause of educa- 
tion. In politics he is a Uepublicaii. Mrs. Fergu- 
son is a member of the Episcopal Church. (Jrowing 
to maturity amid the most favorable surroundings, 
she developed into a lady of iileasing manners, 
more than average intelligence, and a knowledge 
of both useful and ornamental arts, whicii fitted 
her for any sphere in life and causes her not only 
to be cherished by her companion as his choicest 
blessing, but to make friends wherever she is 
known. INIr. Ferguson is likewise one of whom 
good is spoken, affording the biographical writer 
a pleasant task in iniiiting his life history. 



\fl ULIUS S. HOLMES. Among the prominent 
] citizens of Will County, considerable men- 
tion belongs to the gentleman whose por- 
trait is shown on the opposite page, and 
who has been a life-long resident of New Lenox 
Township. Li his native place he has acquired a 
reputation for integrity and perseverance, and 
wherever known is highly respected. When still a 
small child he was orjilianed by the death of his 
father, who was a farmer in New Lenox Township. 
Our subject therefore early thrown upon his 
own resources, and though at present only in the 
prime of life has 113- his own efforts made himself 
independent. To such men as he, America owes 
her high standing among other older counti'ies, and 
to the efforts which such citizens as he have made, 
Will County ina^- justly attiilnite the development 
of her limitless resources. 

The gentleman of whom this sketch is written is 
a son of the late Asher Holmes and his wife, Eliz.i 
Ann Elmore. Both were born in Sherburne, Che- 
nango County, N. Y., the father on September 28, 
1797, and the mother on September 22, 1805. In 
their native county the}' made their first home 
after marriage, subsequently removijig to Chautau- 
qua County, and in 1832 returning to that in which 
they were born. In the spring of 1835 they turned 
their footsteps westward, and cooling to Will 
County, 111., made a settlement on section 22, New 
Lenox Township. Here the father was engaged in 
farming until his death, January 24, 18.54. The 
widowed mother continued to live on the old 
homestead until her death, which occurred .June 
5. 1880. They had six children — James E., My- 
ron v.. Eliza A., Orsamus, Lydia and Julius S. 
P^liza, who was the wife of Thomas Stolp, died in 
Nebraska in Maj-, 1873. 

The natal daj- of our subject was August 30, 
1848, and his birthplace the old homestead on 
which he grew to manhood and continued to live 
until the spring of 1890. He was educated in the . 
common schools, and by the use of the means 
which are open to all who desire knowledge, he has 
added to the knowledge obtained at school the 
broader education which can only he gained by a 
mature mind and a practical application of theories 
in contact with mankind. After having pursued 

an agricultural life until the date before mentioned, 
Mr. Holmes rented his farm and removed to New 
Lenox \illage. Ho is now giving his attention to 
the grain trade, his principal place of business 
being Manhattan, although he is also a member of 
the Chicago lioard of Trade. His Inisiness ability 
is undisputed, and has bct'U made use of by his 
fellow-citizens, who have called upon liim to lilL 
oflicial stations of various natures. 

The marriage of Jlr. Holmes was celebrated in 
New Lenox Township, .lanuary 21, 1 .s71 , his liride 
being INIiss Sophie, youngest child of Abraham 
and Jane (\Vood) Willis. Mrs. Holmes was born 
in New Jersey, August 14, 1852, liut grew to 
womanhood in this county, to which her parents 
came in 18(11. They were natives of the Empire 
State and the parents of nine children. The 
mother died in Wenona, Marsh.'dl County, III., 
February 28, 188(5; Mr. Willis is yet living. Mrs. 
Holmes [lossesses an estimable Christian character, 
and has the knowledge of domestic arts and social 
.accomplishments which make her home a happy one 
and give her popularity among her acquaintances. 
She has borne twelve children, named respective- 
ly: Kaynor E., Arthur W., Laura E., Herbert 11., 
Bessie J., Eva M., Mamie E., Ethel J., Mattie A., 
Olive L, Sophie L. and Julius W. Eva ;\I. and 
Olive I. are deceased. 

Mr. Holmes has ever taken an active interest in 
politics, and is numbered in the Republican ranks. 
He has held the office of School Trustee for twelve 
years, and has also been School Director. Both 
he and his wife are members of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, in which he has held the oftices 
of Steward and Trustee, positions of financial im- 
portance, for which his business talents and deep 
interest in the work of the c'lur'^h well qualified 


<| )*;ILLIAM GOODSON has for a period of 
\j^/i twenty }-ear9 pursued his farming oi)era- 
WW tions in Blainfield Township, and is counted 
one of the most substantial residents of the place. 
He is a native of Leicestershire, England, born De- 
cember 11, 1834. His father, John Goodson, was 



born in the same shire and was there reared to 
agricultural pursuits, and always earned his living 
tilling the soil, spending his entire life in his native 
land. The maiden name of the mother of our 
subject was Lucy Howell, and t^he was born in 
Rutland, England. She came to America in 186'J, 
and now makes her home with her children, slie 
having attained the age of eighty-one years. Tliere 
were eleven children born to the parents of our 
subject, eight of whom were reared to maturit}- as 
follows: George, "William, Samuel, Thomas, Henrj', 
.Tohn, Richard and Robert, all of whom came to 
America, except Richard, and .settled in different 
parts of the countr\-. 

He of wiioni we write went to work on the farm 
at an earl}' age and earned liis own living. The 
wages were low and the chances of securing a home 
in his native land were almost )(*/, and he deter- 
mined to see wliat life lield forh im in America, and 
on the 29th of ()ctol)er, IHoO, accompanied by his 
bride, set sail from Liverpool in the good ship 
"Cultivator," and on the 29th of November landed 
in New York. From there he and his wife pro- 
ceeded to Orange County, N. Y., wlicre they found 
themselves penniless and among strangers. Our 
subject with characteristic self reliance immediately 
set about finding employment, and soon obtained 
work upon a farm. He resided there until August, 
IHbS, and then went n-ith his famil}- to St. Clair 
County. Mich., and there was eng.aged in a saw- 
mill until l.s,j9. In that year lie again started 
westward, and coming as far as Illinois resumed 
his old employment as a farm liand in Canton, 
Fulton County. In 18G4 he went to Kendall 
County. Having prudently saved his earnings he 
was enabled to be more independent, and com- 
menced farming on his own account, renting land. 
He carried on his farnnng operations in that man- 
ner for six years, and then bought eighty acres of 
land, which is included in his present farm in Plain- 
field Townsliip. This was scarceh' at all improved, 
and a rude shanty on the place was the only build- 
ing. Since then he been much prospered, and 
lias brought about great changes on hisi)lace, hav- 
ing erected a good set of frame buildings, planted 
fruit and shade trees, fenced the land and now Ikis 
it under admirable cultivation. He has been so 

successful that he has added to his estate, and now 
has one liundred and eight3^-six and one-third acies 
of fine farming land, all lying in a body and con- 
stituting as productive and well-improved a farm 
as is to be found in the locality. 

In 185G Mr. Goodson was happily married to 
Miss Sarah Broom, a native of Rutland, England, 
and a daughter of John liroom. Their marriage 
has been blessed by the birth of eleven children, 
nine living, namely: Mary A., Lucy, Lillie, Amelia, 
Edward, Charles, Ernest, Herbert and Eva. The 
deceased were Hannah and William II. Mr. Good- 
son's career as a farmer, sTnce he took up his resi- 
dence in this place, proves him to be a shrewd, 
lir.aclical, industrious man, and the honorable, up- 
right life that lie has .always led entitles him to be 
called a trustworthy man and a good citizen, and 
he and his family- are well respected in this com- 

/OIIN W. DOWNEY. The legal fraternity 
of Will Count}- numbers among its most 
painstaking and proniisiflg members him with 
'(^Jl whose name we introduce this notice. He 
is yet young in years, having been born April 3, 
1860, and his chiltlhood home was in Norman 
Township, Grundy County, this Stale. His par- 
ents were John and Mary (O'Halloran) Downey, 
who were natives o^ County Tipiierary, Ireland. 
The father of our subject came to America in 
1849, and in 1851 was married to Miss O'Hallo- 
ran, in LaSalle County, this State. They settled 
upon a farm, and there were born to them six chil- 
dren, live sons and one daughter. One son, Ed- 
ward, died at the age of twenty-six years. The 
others, with the exception of our subject, are re- 
siding in Grundy County. John W., who was the 
fourth in order of birth, spent his boyhood on the 
farm, assisting in its labors, and attending, mostly 
during the winter season, the common school. He 
was of studious habits, improving his leisure 
hours by reading and stud}-, and after leaving 
school occupied himself as a teacher, which is the 
usual stepping stone to other professions. He was 
desirous, however, of advancing his education, 



and in llie summer of 188"2 entereil the Nurnial 
Sfliool at Valparaiso, Ind.. wliicli he altomleil three 

Mr. Downey, liaviiig resolved upon following 
the |)rofession of law, came, in the spring of 188"), 
to Jolict, and entered the office of Haley & O'Don- 
iicll, where he closely- a|)plied himself to the stud^' 
of the best legal works until December following, 
when he was admitted to the bar. He remained 
with his preceptors one year, then opened a law 
ollicc, and lias since confined himself to the prac- 
tire of his profe.ssion. He was elected ('il\- Attor- 
ne\ ill April, 188f), for a term of two years. 
Politically, Mr. I )owijey afliliates with the Demo- 
cratic l^arty, and in religion he adheres to the 
Catholic faith of his forefathers. Socially, he lie- 
longs to the Independent Order of Foresters. He 
gives his whole time to the duties of his [irofcssion, 
and is iapi<lly aci|iiiiing a sflbstantial footing 

&KNRY C. (;iILLO.AL The real-estate and 
I insurance business of Joliet and vicinity 
finds a livel}' rejiresentative in Mr. Cullom, 
who with his partner, .1,'imes W. Patterson, 
has a well-equipped ofiice on Chicago Street. He 
embarked in these enterprises in the fall of 1888, 
writing fire, life and accident policies. He is a 
native of Illinois and was born in Tazewell County, 
April 1, 1839, to Richard N. and Betsey Elizal)eth 
(Coffey) Cullom. 

The parents of our subject were natives respect- 
ively of Tennessee and North Carolina, and met in 
Kentucky, where they were married. In the fall 
of 1830 they emigrated to Illinois, and the father 
thereafter occupied himself at farming in Tazewell 
County, III. The mother passed away in Decem- 
ber, 18t)8. The household circle numbered five 
sons and six daughters, of whom the subject of 
Ibis notice was the youngest. Five of these are 

The subject of this notice lived in his native 
county until reaching man's estate— in fact eight 
years after reaching his majoritv. The most of 

this time was employed in farm |iui'snits. His 
education was such as was afforded by the comniou 
school, and he acquired those habits of industry 
and economy which have followed him through 
life. In 1808 he r?paircd to Springfield, 111., and 
engaged in the mercantile business until 187 1. 
Then, going to Southeastern Nevada, he ciileied 
the employ of the (Jovernment as Indian Agent, 
and was in that regi'in and Indian Territor\' 
about eighteen months. 

At the expiration of this lime we find Mr. Cul- 
lom on a farm in Lawrence County, 111. Later he 
took a contract from the penitentiary in .loliet, 
to manufacture hosiery and clothing, and occu- 
pied himself at that iniliistry for :i period of 
twelve years. Then, selling out, he embarked in 
his present business. He was married October 29, 
18G1, to Miss Anna M. Kingman. Mrs. Cullom 
was born May 1(5, 1811. and like her husband is a 
native of Tazewell County, this Stale. Their union 
has resulted in the birth of four sons and four 
daughters, seven of whom remain under the par- 
ental roof. The second daughter, Jennie N., is 
the wife of Edward C. Barrett, of Joliet. Mr. 
Cullom cast his first Presidential vote for Lin- 
coln, and in |)olitics. conlinucs a stanch supporter 
of the Rrpiililicun party. He is an Elder of the 
Presb3-terian Church, and belongs to the Patriotic 
Order .Sons of America. 

FREDERICK A. LUTHER. Probably a ma- 
jority of the farmers of Wilmington Town- 
IJ^ ~ ship are men well-to-do, and of that cl.ass 
who have been the architects of their own fortunes. 
Among them may be properly njentioned the sub- 
ject of this notice, who i« comparatively young in 
years, and who is a n.ative of this State, born in 
Kankakee County, March 28, 1855. He is the rep- 
lesentative of a substantial old family of New 
England ancestry, the son of Charles and Lucy 
(Holland) Luther, who were natives of Vermont. 
The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
Jabez and Elizabeth (Parkman) Luther, the former 
of whom a son of Caleb and Rebecca (Brown) 



Luther. Caleb was the son of Jabez and Alse Lu- 
ther, who were natives of IMassaehusetts, and Jabez 
was a son of Caleb and Mary Luther, natives of the 
New England States. Caleb was a son of Samuel 
and Sarah, likewise natives of New England, and 
Samuel was tiie son of Samuel, Sr., and Mar}' Lu- 
ther. Samuel, Sr., was the son of Capt. John S. 
Luther, a seafaring man and commander of a mer- 
chant vessel. The latter was killed by the Indians 
on the Delaware River, in If! 15; he was of German 
descent, but born in IreJaufi. 

Some of the earl}' members of tlie Luther family 
were men of note in New England, and exercised 
no iinimiiortant influence in tlisir communities. 
Grandfather Jabez Lather was a merchant in Cor- 
nish, N. II., for many years. He lost both his arms 
by the premature discharge of a cannon, on the 4th 
of July, IHOo. Charles Luther, the father of our 
subject, was born in Pittsford, Rutland County, 
Vt., June 30, 1819, and siient the first twelve years 
of his life there. He was married there, in 1844, 
and in 1849 set his face westward, coming to Illi- 
nois and settling on a farm in Kankakee County. 
He lived there until 18G5, then removed to Wil- 
mington ToWnship, this county, wlrere he still 

The mother of our subject, also a native of the 
Green Slountain State, was born in Stockbridge, 
Windsor County, to Jonathan and Mar}' (Ranney) 
Holland. The latter were also natives of Vermont, 
where they spent their entire lives. To Charles and 
Lucy Luther there were born three children only, 
vi/,. : Julius J., Charles W. ; and Frederick A., of 
this sketch. The latter is the only surviving mem- 
ber of tlie family. .lulius J. was in Chicago sev- 
eral years prior to his death. He was a man of fine 
business qu:ilifications and considerable means, and 
for several years was the owner and superintenil- 
ent of the Brink Express Company. 

Frederick A. Luther has been a resident of this 
county since 1805. He has followed farming all 
his life, and owns one hundred and sixtj' acres of 
land, mniprising a vvell-improved farm lying about 
(lue and oni'-half miles northwest of Wilmington. 
He has a fine residence, with substantial outbuild- 
ings, an ample supply of farm machinery, and all 
the other appliances for prosecuting his calling in 

a profitable and successful manner. In addition to 
general agriculture he is considerabl}' interested in 
blooded horses, of which he is enabled to exhibit 
some fine specimens. He makes of farming and 
stock-raising an art and a science, and by reading 
and observation keeps himself thoroughly posted 
as to the best methods employed in connection 

One of the most important events in the life of 
Mr. Luther was the occasion of his marriage, Sep- 
tember 7, 1877, with Miss Mary E. Thomas, the 
wedding taking place at the bride's home in Wil- 
mington. Mrs. Luther was born January 10, 1856, 
in England, to Henry and Mary (Lester) Thomas, 
who were likewise natives of England, and with 
whom she came to America when a child nine years 
of age. They settled in this county; the father is 
deceased, and the mother is still living. Mr. and 
Mrs. Luther are the parents of two sons — Charles 
J. and John H. Both parents and sons belong to 
the New Jerusalem Church, and our subject, po- 
litically, atliliates with the Democratic part}'. 

PAVID L. CHRISTIAN occupies a farm of 
) two hundred and forty acres on section 13^ 
Peotone Township, which is sufficiently large 
to afford a comfortable maintenance. He has, 
however, obtained what is better than silver or 
gold, a good name and the respect of his fellow- 
men. He has been a leader on the side of moral- 
ity when it took high moral courage to announce 
his beliefs and uplift the standard of right and 
justice in the community. 

Our subject was born in Cayuga County, N. V., 
September C, 1824, and is the oldest child of Da- 
vid and Jane (Wolverton) Christian. The father 
was born in 1795, and the mother April 26, 1804, 
both in the Empire State, where their marriage 
also took place, the date of that event being Jan- 
uary 15, 1822. The wife breathed her last Au- 
gust 26, 1833, after having borne three children, 
of whom our subject is the only survivor. Two 
years after her death the father removed to Mich- 
igan, sojourning but four years" ere settling in 



DuPage County, 111., on a farm whicL he con- 
tinueil to occiipj' until overtaken by death, in 
IS 15. He married for his second wife Mrs. 
Christianna Ketchum. iiep Churchill, who still sur- 
vives. This union was blest by the birth of two 

The gentleman of whom we write received a 
common-school education in New York and Mich- 
igan, his 3-outhful days being passed in tiie 
ordinary manner of a farmer's son. Being the 
eldest child, he had charge of his father's busi- 
ness for a few years prior to the latter's death, 
and for a short time after. He took up the High 
School studies in tiie old Chicago Academj-, fitted 
himself for teaching and found employment in 
tlie district schools of UuPage County, for three 
winters. In the intervals of his professional work 
he was emploj'ed on the construction of the Ill- 
inois (fe Michigan Central Railroad, from Kensing- 
ton to Chicago. During a part of three seasons, 
in 1852-53-54, he was occujjied under a contract 
for fencing the road, and some of the fence is 
still standing near Madison, after thirty-seven 

In tlie fall of 1851, Mr. Christian returned ti> 
the old home, remaining thereon until the spring 
of 1858, when he located in the village of Peo- 
tone. Will County. In the spring of 1867 he re- 
moved to the farm where he has since resided. 
It consisted of two hundred and forty acres of 
good land, wholly unimproved at the time of his 
purchase. He erected upon it, in 1867, a good 
resi.'.ence, which cost ^2,500, tiie accompanying 
barns and other outbuildings, and placed the en- 
tire acreage under good cultivation. When he be- 
gan life for himself Mr. Christian was nearly 
empty-handed, §250 being his share of his father's 
estate. He has an inter&st in the old homestead 
in DuPage County. 

On October 23, 1851. Mr. Christian was united 
in marriage with Miss Clara, daughter of Sumuel 
and Judith (Elliott) Page, natives of New Hamp- 
shire. Mr. and Mrs. Page removed to Illinois in 
1839, settling in Kane County, where the huiband 
died in 1840, his widow surviving until 1863. 
They were the parents of six children, three of 
whom are now living, and Mrs. Christian was the 

fifth in order of birth. Her natal day was March 
28, 1833, and her native State New Hampshire. 
She attended a select school in DuPage County, 
111., enricliing her mind with useful knowledge and 
mental culture. A womanl3' woman, her quiet 
dignity is felt in ever\' circle tli.'it she enters, and 
she has stood side by side with her husband in 
moral and Christian endeavors. 

To ^Ir. and Mrs. Christian six cliildren have 
been born, as follows: Walter. September 22, 1852: 
Ella, February 27, 1854; Mary, October 1, 1.S5G; 
David Warren, November 6, 185'J; Sarah F., 
March 17, 18G3; Clara Jenny, May 30, 1866. 
Thej' have received more than common-school ed- 
ucations, and Warren and Clara have taught in 
this county. More than one of the family are es- 
pecially gifted in intellect and possess musical 
and other talents. The three eldest children are 
deceased. Ella passed away November 11, 187'J, 
leaving a host of friends to honor her roeraor}-. Her 
especial talent was for music, and she excelled in 
organ playing, also succeeding wonderfully as a 
teacher. With a strong intellect and a noble heart, 
she bore a share in the good works instituted 
throughout the vicinit}', and became greatly hived. 
She was the leader of the music in the church 
where the family attended, and promoted its in- 
terests very largely. She was the wife of Joliu II. 

Two of the surviving children of Mr. and Mrs. 
Christian are living in homes of their own. David 
W., a merchant in Kankakee, 111., married Cora .1. 
Palmer, and has one child, David Palmer. Sarah 
F. is the wife of II. Anson Harsh, of Normal Park. 
Cook County', and they have one child, Clara. 

Mr. Christian has been School Director in Dis- 
trict No. C, also Township Trustee of Schcwls, 
Township Treasurer of Schools, Supervisor of Peo- 
tone Township and Justice of the Peace. He has 
always taken an .active interest in politics, and at 
the beginning of his political experience was a 
strong AI)olitionist. For twenty-five years he has 
been identified with the Republican party, for which 
he has acted as Township Representative, in con- 
ventions, probablv a greater number of times than 
anj- other man here. He has also been a delegate 
to State and Congressional conventions. Before 



the war lie was connected with the '■undei-ground 
railroad," and during the war lie was also a mem- 
ber of the ['nion League. 

For aljout live years Mr. Christian was the only 
man in the village of Peotone who would speak out 
in behalf of temperance, liquor being at that time 
sold there without license. So frank had he been 
in expressing his views, and so ardently had he 
labored against tlie licpiiir interest, that he was at 
one lime threatt'iid by mob violence, but 
counsel finally pre\-ailed and he was not miilested. 
IJdlli he and his wife formerly belonged to the 
fiood Templais' organization and held (iltice therein. 

The entire Christian family belong to the Meth- 
odist l''.|iiscopal Church, ami take an active part in 
the woik of the denomiiKition, especially in the 
.Sunday-school and music. I'lie son Warren has 
ever been connected witli the choir, his tine bass 
voice adding volume and di'ptli to the lighter t(.>nes 
of his sisters au<l others. Mr. Cliiistian took ])ai't 
in the initiatory steps to seeuie [ireaching (.)f the 
< iospel, and a |)lace of vvorslii|) in the village of 
Peotone. He is Trustee, Stevvard ami Class Leader; 
be has been Superintendent of the Sunday-school 
in I'eotoni' t went\'-three years continuously, and 
held the same position elsewhere. At present he 
teaches the llible class. .Mrs. Christian has had a 
class for .about twenty-two years continuously, .and 
the eliilihen lia\-e also been teaebers. The influence 
exerted b\' such a fathei' and mother is bey<unl 
calculation, and when extended liy fiie sons and 
daughters the lienelit to mankind is boundless, 
giving reason for the approval of all who fi'cl an 
interest in the advancement of humanity'. 



Yi'OHN WILLIAM DIERSEN is a prosperous 
farmer and stock-raiser, whose line farm is 
located on section 15, Crete Townshi|i. lie 
is the fortunate possessor of twj hundre(l 
and ftn-ty acres of highly-improved Laud, besides 
thiity acrt'S of timbei', all of which formerly jie- 
h'uged to his father, whom he succeeded in the 
ownership and operation of the homestead. It has 
been almost his life-long home, as he came to it 

with his parents in his youth, having previously 
lived in Chicago some six years. The family ar- 
rived in America in 1846 from Hesse-Cassel, Ger- 
many, where lie of whom we write was born, Sep- 
tember 2, 1838. 

John II, Diersen, fatl>er of our subject, was of 
good German blood, and in his native country was 
in the employ of a German nobleman liearing the 
name of Munchhaiisen, from the time he was a 
young man until he came to the United States. He 
married Sophia Hue, who was, like her husband, a 
native of the Prussian Province of Hesse-Cassel 
and of pure Hessian aneestr}'. After the birth of 
four children, one of whom died in infancy, Mr. 
Diersen set out for America with his wife, son and 
two daughters. They set sail from I5remen in 
May, IS-lf), and after a tedious V03'age landed in 
the American iiietid[iolis, July b. Thence they 
went up the Hudson Kiver to Albany, thence 
on the canal to Buffalo, where they embarked upon 
a lake steamer, which anchored in Chicago in the 
latter part of the month. I'liey remained in that 
city until 18u2, when Mr. Diersen procured forty 
acres of Government land in Will County and be- 
gan agricultuial labors as a poor farmer. 

r>3' hard work and the rigid cc(_niomy best 
known to tbemseU'es, he and his wife got on in 
the wtnid, linally becoming cpiite rich. Tlie_\- ac- 
cumulated the land now owned by their son, im- 
proved and occupied it for S(mie ^ears, finally 
removing to Crete Village, where both died. The 
death of INIrs. Diersen took place in 1885, and that 
of her husband in 1.S87. Initli being about seventy- 
three years of age. They were estimable people, 
well known in the vicinity and well respected. 
They were closely connected with the work of the 
Lutheran Church, to which they gave lilierally. 
The only members of his family now living are 
our subject and bis sister, Mrs. Sophia Brown, 
of Chicago. Before his mariiage Mr. Diersen 
served his country as a soldier in the Hanoverian 

J. W. Diersen assisted his |)arents as his strength 
Would permit, becoming of age on the farm he 
now owns and in the improvement of which he 
took |)ait. He was married in this township to 
Engel Deseuisz, who was born in llcsse-Cassel, 



Germany, August 28, 1842. When sixteen years 
old she accompanied lier brother Pliilip to Amer- 
ica, their home being made in this county. I'hilip 
Desenisz served some time dnrinsj tlie late Ivuliellion 
as a member of the I'nion army. Mrs. DIersen re- 
ceived a good practical education and excellent 
liome training from her worthy parents, and dur- 
ing her mature years has exhibited marked ability 
as a housewife and great kindness in her domestic 
and social relations. Her mother. Sophia (Sailer) 
Desinisz. died in the ISHl. beinii' then 
(pMte old. Her father. I'hili|i Desenisz, Sr.. is still 
living in his native clime, where he has been a 
small farmer. He is a lifelong member of the 
Lutheran Church, of which his deceased wife was 
also a communicant. 

The wife of our subject has borne him twelve 
children, of whom we note the folhjwing: John is 
:i hardware de;der in Ci-ete, his wife being Sophia 
I'iepenbrink; William is at [iresent working in a 
grain house in the same town; Louisa is the wife of 
Phillip I'ie|ierbrink. a farmer in Crete Township; 
llcury is now with his lirother, assisting him in the 
hardware business ; August, Herman, Gotleib, 
Amelia, j'",iin]ia, Walter, Anna and Otto are at 
home Herman is learning the trade of a black- 
smith. Mr. l)ierscn has held the minor odices of 
the township and is now acting in the cai)acit\' of 
School Director, and has been Highway Commis- 
sioner since IHTl.and has alsf) lieeu Treasurer 
for the same length of time, ;inil is Secretary of 
the Crete Farmers' Mutual Insurance Comi)any. 
ile and the members of his familj' who are entitled 
to vote belong to the Republican party. The en- 
tire family, parents and children, belong t<] the 
Lutheran Chuich. 

|P:V. ERNST a. BRAIKI{. p.astor of the 
Evangelical Lutheran Church at Crete, is 
Iss Y one of the ablest men in the ministry ami 
" besides possessing natural talents of a high 
order, is finely educated, a close student and an 
extensive reader. For the last forty-three, years 
he has given his entire attention to the interests of 

his church and people and is greatly esteemed in 
the community, not only among those with whom 
he is intimately associated, but l)y the people at 
large. Mr. Brauer came to this place from St. 
Loui.'-, Mo., where for six years he had been p.astor 
of Trinity, one of the oldest Lutheran Churches 
in that city. Prior to this he was for ten yeais a 
Professor in Concordia Theological Seminary at 
St. Louis, to which lu' removed from Pittsburg, 
Pa., where he hail been connected with the oldest 
chuirh in that city for six years. During the 
Civil War he served with the i\Iissouri Militia and 
assisted in quelling the disturbances in that State, 
although never having regularly enlisted. 

Mr. Brauer assumed charge of his first congre- 
gation at Addison, DuPage County, 111., in No- 
vember, 1847, during the pioneer days, when his 
salary, like his congregatifui, was exceedingly small 
and continued so for a number of years and he 
lived to see this society become one of the largest 
and most prosperous in the Syno(|, comprising the 
.States of Indiana, Illinois, Missouri and others. 
He was one of the earliest preachers of the Luth- 
eran denomination in Illinois which was not re|)- 
resented by any other for a number of years. He 
laljored faithfully in the service of the Master 
and was rewardeil by witnessing in due time a 
bountifid harvest. 

The subject of this notice was born in the King- 
dom of Hanover, April I'.J, l.SI'J, his eaiiy home 
being in the virinity f>f jS'orlhcim. He received 
Ills education at a cloister in Elfeldt, where he pur- 
sued his studies six years, liut he afterward en- 
tered the University at Gottingen from which he 
was duly graduated and after this he lueame a pu- 
[)il in the college at Berlin. Subsequently he be- 
came a private tutor in the famil}- of iMr. Oni])- 
teda, the German Ambassador at London, and was 
thus occupied two years. At the ex|iiration of 
this time he sailed for America in October, l.s[7, 
and after a nine weeks' voyage landed in Xevv 
York City. He had only intended remaining a 
few years in this countiy. but his labors have 
been attended with sui'h prosperity and he has 
made so many friends, besides becoming greatly 
attached to its institutions that he has no desire of 
returning exee|it to visit the scenes of his youth. 



AVbile a resident of Addison, Mr. Brauer made 
tlie acquaintauce of Miss Beate Reinmann, who be- 
came liis wife Septemljer 9. 1849, the wedding tak- 
ing )jlaee in Chicago. 3Irs. Brauer was born 
October 2.3. 1822, in the town of Scliullmburg. 
Hanover, and is the daugliterof Richard Reinmann 
who was of pure German ancestr}-. She was care- 
fuUv reared and received a thorough education 
in her native tongue. She went to Paris, France, 
with an uncle and from there came to America in 
1849. Of her union with our subject tliere have 
been born nine children, all of wiiom arc living. 
Five sons and two daughters are married. Albert 
H. was born in 1850 and at an early age evinced 
more llian ordinary talent, being fond of liis books 
and ambJLious to excel in his studies. lie was 
graduated at Ft. Wayne, (lud. ) College and later at 
Concordia Seminary in .St. Louis. He now has 
charge of the Lutheran congregation at Beecher, 
111. He married Jliss Louisa .Stein, of St. Louis, 
Mo. and they are the parents of seven children. 
Jane became tlie wife of Prof. Theoi)hile Mees, 
Rector of the Ohio Seminary at Woodville, Ohio; 
they liave six children. Dorotliea is at home with 
her [Kuents; Charles II. married Miss Anna Bart- 
ling and is living at Eagle Lake, 111. He was 
educated in S|)ringfield, III., and has cliarge of 
St. .lohn's Kvangelical Lutheran Church. He 
is llic fatlier of fuur chihlren. .Vugust G. was 
eiiucaled in a Scminaiy at St. Louis, where he now 
lives engaged as a stove repairer; he married Miss 
.\melia Sclnniclit and tUey have four cliildren; 
llelene is tlic wife of tlie Rev. I''rederick Pfoten- 
liaucr. who has charge of a congregation at Lewis- 
ton. Wis. and tliey have four children; Herman E. 
is tlie [lastor of tlie Lutheran Church at Niles, this 
State; he was educated in .St. Louis, Mo. and 
S[)ringfield. III., and married .Miss Johanna Brock- 
man of Chicago; they have four children. Frederick 
E. was giaduated at Ft. W.ayne, (Ind.) Seminary- 
and later at Concordia Seminary, St. Louis, and is 
now assistant pastor with his father, besides having 
charge of olhei- local churches; he married Miss 
Anna Meyer of Lake \iew. III.; the^' make their 
home with our subject. William A. is a minister 
of the Lutlieran Church, iiaving charge of a flour- 
ishing congregation at Hammond, Ind.; he was 

graduated from the college of his church at 
Springfield, III. He is unmarried. 

Mr. Brauer and his sou Frederick have a fine 
library of which they make constant use and which 
contains many choice volumes including some an- 
cient works of great value. The family holds a 
liigh social position, representing the culture and 
refinement of the community. 

-^-* o*<»-(c5/x &-°*°~ -■«— 

^r BRAHAM GOCKLEY. A compend of 
W^fut biographies of residents in Jackson Town- 
ship would be incomplete if it did not in- 
clude that of the gentleman above named, 
a retired farmer who is now enjoying the fruits of 
his earl}' industry. His farm is on section 24, 
where he has resided since April 1857. He now 
makes his home in Joliet. His landed estate com- 
prises two hundred and seventy acres which he 
rents, feeling that he is entitled to repose in his 
declining years. The residerjce is of pleasing ar- 
chitectural design, well furnished and pleasantly 
|i:)cated. and all of the outbuildings upon the 
estate are well built and sufficient in size and num- 
ber to adequately shelter stock, cro))S, and ma- 

The early life of Mr. Gockley was spent in Lan- 
caster County, Pa., iu which he was born May 17, 
1827. He was reared on a farm and early deter- 
mined to follow the business of farming and stock- 
raising, which he has done tlirtmghout his entire 
active life. He was married in his native county 
in October, 1848, to ^liss Hannah Lutz, wlio was 
born in the same county in 1827. When the re- 
moval to this county was made the family in- 
cluded three children. The parents have iiad ten 
sons and daughters, five of whom died when they 
were young. 

The living children of Abraham Gockley and 
his esteemed wife are: Henry, a resident of Joliet; 
.Sarah, wife of Harmon Deutschman of Jackson 
Tovvcship; Marinda, wife of Andrew Peterson, of 
Jackson Township; Albert, a resident of Joliet, 
and Mary, wife of Jerry Johnson, of Rice County, 
Kan. The devoted wife and mother was called 




from time tu eternity April 25, 1867. She was a 
member of the German Bai)tist C'liurch, whose 
principles she ever endeavored to carry out in 
daily life. 

The nature of Mr. (lockley is extremely ueiiiui 
and social, and liis memory is stored with iiifor 
mation and incidents of earlier life, wliich malve 
him an entertaining companion. He manifests a 
deep interest in the welfare of tliose about him, 
particularl}' in the cause of education and the 
spreading of the Gospel. He has been School Di- 
rector for twelve jears and is an active member of 
the German Baptist Church. 

^AMES U. ASHLEY. The subject of this 
] notice is familiarly called "the fatlier of all 
the wire mills of this count}'." He is one 
the oldest residents of the county, li.'iviuLr 
come to riainfield as earlj- as 1837, when a bo^' of 
twelve years. He was born February 3, 1825, in 
Martinsbiirg, Lewis County, N. Y., and is the son 
of Riley 15. and Sally (Searles) Ashley, the latter 
of whom died when her son .lames R. was only two 
years old, also leaving an infant daughter who died 
in early childhood. 

The subject of this notice remained with his fa- 
ther in his native place until 1837, and then the 
latter decided to emigrate to Illinois, set out with 
his'litilc family and in company with three other 
families journej'ed overland with teams from New 
York to this county. After a tedious journej' of 
one month they arrived in the embryo town of 
.loliet, .June 9, following. 

The father being a Baptist minister i)urchnsed a 
home in the village of Plainlield and also bouglit 
a farm in that vicinit}', the latter of which he 
leased while he confined his attention to his pas- 
toral duties. He organized the first Baptist Church 
in the place and remained in charge of it for sev- 
end years. Through his efforts various other 
cliiu'ches were organized throughout the surnjund- 
ing country, and among these he labored faithfully, 
sometimes going as far as Chicago to preach. He 
maintained his home continuously in Plainficid and 

died there in August, 1880, at the advanced age 
of eighty-one 3ears. He had in the meantime con- 
tracted a second marriage and there were born to 
him three more children, only one of whom is 
now living. After the death of his wife, he was 
married a third time, and his widow is at (jresent 
residing in Leydcn, N. Y. 

.James H., of this notice, was reared by his father 
and step-mother in I^lainfield, and was given a 
good education, completing his studies at Warren- 
ville, this State. He first engaged in business in 
I'lainfield as a merchant in a small way and by the 
exercise of a wise economy, succeeded in accurau 
lating sufficient means to erect a large store build- 
ing in which he placed a first-class stock of 
merchandise. He conducted the business until 
.July, 1870, and then sold tiut. In the meantime, 
when the townsliip organization was effected he 
was elected Township Clerk, which position he 
held for a period of lifteen years. During that 
time he also held the ollice of Justice of the Peace 
two terms and in addition to this, from the fall of 
1802 until the spring of 1870, was the United States 
(danger for what was then the Eighth Congres- 
sional District, cdmprising six counties. He had 
the suiiervision of all the distilleries, wholesale 
licpKir and rectifying establishments within his 
bailiwick, and was required to inspect all liquors 
made and collect the tax thereon. It will thus be 
seen that diu'ing those years he was a ver^' busy 

After disposing of his mercantile interests Mr. 
Ashley rested for a time, then, in 1874, removed to 
.Toliet and became connected with the firm of A. B. 
Sharpe ife Co., with whom he remained until .Jan- 
nar}', 187G. Ho then sold his interest in the con- 
cern and that same day he and his brother formed 
a partnership with II. B. Scultand William Wat- 
kins, for the purpose of manufacturing wire fence — 
Mr. Ashley furnishing, with the exception of 8500, 
.all the capital. The partners operated together 
until the summer of 1876, and resolved themselves 
into the .loliet Wire Fence Company, taking iii 
several new men and Mr. Watkins dropping out. 
They located their plant at Adam's Dam until the 
1st of August when it was destro^'ed by fire. Not 
tinding a suitable location elsewhere, they took 



their machinery to the penitentiary and the cuni- 
pany continued to do business until January 1, 
1879. Then Mv. Seutt, D. Robertson and Mr. 
x\shley purchased the interest of tlie other part- 
ners anil formed tlie new firm of II. I>. .Scutt ife 
Co., and they operated until September, 1881, 
when Mr. Ashley disposed of his interest in the 
business to his partners. 

In the meantime Mr. Ashley organized another 
firm called the Joliet AVire Company, with a caiiitai 
of $50,000, and in connection with it established a 
wire drawing company, which, however, was sepa- 
rate in its operations. At this liuie tliere had been 
no enterprise of this kind west of the city of Cleve- 
land, Ohio, and it was made a grand success. In 
July 1882, Mr. Ashley luirchased the mai hiuer}' of 
the Joliet Wire Ct>m|)any and took the contract for 
emiiloying one hundred and twenty-five convicts 
for eight years. At the expiration of this time he or- 
ganized the [irescnt Ashley Wire Company, of whirh 
he was made President and Treasurci-. On account 
uf his failing health, W. S. HrooUs was appointed 
Acting I'resident and Treasuier, while Mr. Ashley 
retaine<l the chief supervision of the concern. At 
the last eU'ction of stockholders he was reelected 
I'resident and '{'reasiirer. The company are re- 
mo\ ing their [ilant to ihe southwest part of the 
city on the banks of the canal, where tliey are 
erecting extensive brick buildings and will thus 
double tlieir present capacity. In 187C, II. li. 
Scult A' Co., constituted the third firm in the 
United States engageil in the manufacture of liarb 
wire and solved the i)rotilen. of the feasibility of 
such fencing on the western [ilaiiis. .Mi'. Ashley 
has large real-estate interests in -lolii't, and at one 
time owned fort}- thousand acres of land in Flor- 
ida, three-fourths of which he subsequently disposed 
of to parlies in this city. 

The marriage of James K. Ashley ^iml Miss Julia 
F.Tyler was celebrated in Tlainlield, ()(Hober27, 
1850. &Irs. Ashley was iiorn in .\pril, 1825, in 
Bridgcwat(a', Mas:., and was the daughter of Daniel 
T>ler, who spent his last years in Troy, N. Y. 
The Tyler family left the liay Slate in an early 
da}', settling in Troy, N. Y.. wl.cri' Mrs. Ashley 
spent her younger _years. She came with her sister 
to Plainfield about 1841. Of this union there were 

born four danghtei's, only one of whom is now 
living, Ella M., the wife of tieorge W. Bush, of 
Joliet. Religiously, Mr. Ashley is a member of 
the Baptist Church in Plainfield, while in jjolitical 
affairs be is a stanch Republican, and in the coun- 
cils of his party occupies a prominent place. He 
has made for himself a fine record in business cir- 
cles while as a member of the community he occu- 
pies no secondary position among his fellow-citizens. 
Elsewhere in this volume will be found a litho- 
graphic pcjrtrait of Mr. Ashley. 

S L-.i,^^' 

^, AJIUEL S. WHITE. Among the energetic 
men who came tc) Joliet a mimber of years 
auo, and wh(.) were identified with its in- 
teicst for years, living an upright and use- 
ful life in the midst of their fellow-niTU, may be 
numbered tiie late Samuel S. White, who entered 
into rest February 3, 1884. lie was born in Law- 
rence Ciiunty, I'a,. where he grew to manhood, ob- 
tained his education, and learned the trade of a 
painter. For some j'cars after reaching man's es- 
tate he continued to reside in the Keystone State, 
limling abumlant employmt ut at his trade, in whicii 
he iiccame pn.ificient. and which he followed until 
his death. 

.Vt the home of the bride, in New Castle, of his 
own native county, on Ajiril 22, 1851, Mr. White 
was united in marriage with Miss Inez E. Craw- 
ford. This lad\' was a native of the town in which 
her wedding took plaitc. and had oi)ened her eyes 
to the light July 25, 18.'15. She is the third of six 
children born to David and Rebecca (Ilozack) 
Crawford, the parents having also been natives of 
the Ive3'stone State. She possesses many virtues of 
character, much iiitelligence, and the cordial man- 
ners wliicli add to the attractions of the true wo- 

After tlieir marriage Mv. and Mrs. White con- 
tinued to reside in New Castle some five or six 
years, after which, in 1856, the}' came to Joliet. 
In the spring of 18G8 they settled on a tract of 
land not far from the city, and there Mr. White 



breathed his last. The widow still occupies tlie 
homestead, which consists of about eighty acres of 
fertile land, upon which such improvements have 
been made as are common to the homes of those 
who are in comfortable circiinistances and pos- 
sessed of encrg\' and good taste. 

Mr. White belonged to tlie U niversalist Church, 
in which he held good standing, and among the so- 
cial bodies was connected with tlie Kniglits Temp- 
lar. He was the father of live children, named 
respectively: Ella L., Lillian M.. C Harold, Da- 
vid C. and Florence K. 

AMUP:L L()EHSTP:IN. The latc Samuel 
Loebstein, who died at his home in Heecher, 
JLarch 15, 1888, was a prominent citizen 
of the place in which he lia<l lieen thclirst 
to establish a general store. It was situated in 
what is now the eastern part of liecrher. but was 
formerly known a.^' Washington Center. A stdie 
building was crectcil .-uid the business established 
in 1871). and llif piupiietor had from the start an 
excellent liade, which increased and br(jnglit 
wealth t<i the originator and extencle<l his reputa- 
tion as an liou<nable and enterprising dealer. The 
store was well located to accomodate the country 
trade, and .Mr. Loebstein thoroughly- understood 
the needs of his customers and with the assistance 
of his able wife kei)t the establishment well stocked 
and the business carefully managed in eveiy de- 
tail. During his active life at this |ilace Mr. Loeb- 
stein was also extensively engaged in bu^ ing and 
selling stock. 

The natal day of oui' subjei'l was Februarj' l.'i, 
1882, and his birthplace llebenhausen, Wnrtem- 
berg, Germany. He was the son of Jacob Loeb- 
stein, a native of the same kingdom, whose business 
was that of a horse dealer and who was a promi- 
nent man in his town. He had married a native 
of the same kingdom, who also passed her entile 
life there. 

Their son, of whom we write, was but a boy 
when he lost his i)arciits and after becoming of age 
he set out to try his fortune in the New World. 

After landing In New York he went at once to 
Chicago. 111., from which point he traveled in 
Illinois, Indiana and Michigan for some tinu', llii- 
ally locating in Dwyer, Ind. There he began his 
career as a stock dealer, thence coming to what is 
now Beecher. 111. He possessed excellent busi- 
ness (lualilications and made a success of whatever 
he undertook. He belonged to the Masonic fra- 
ternity, being enrolled in Blue Lodge, No. 740, at 
Grant Park. Li politics he was a stanch Democrat. 
He came of the old llel)rew slock and was a tirm 
believer in the .lewish religion. 

The marriage of Mr. Loebstein .and Miss Anna 
Hess was celebrated in Chicago. The briile was 
born in Aufhausen, Germany, Se[)tember 2;>. isi'j, 
and VYas cpiite young when her parents came to the 
I'nited States. In this eoiiiitiy she grew to matur- 
ity and received her ediieation. She possesses a 
eulluied mine!, friendly iiKinners and a more than 
ordin.ary amount of business ability, which has 
been p;ulieiilarly manifested since the death of her 
husband in keeping the enterprise in which he had 
been engaged going with its iHjnnal sueeess. Her 
judgment regarding stock, her shrewdness in buy- 
ing, and the thorough o\ersiglit which she gives 
to cvi'ry detail of tin; business marks her as a 
uoiihy nicniiier (if a race from which such able 
linaueiers a>. the Kotlii'liilds .-uid others have sprung. 
She is the mother of live children, of whom Miii- 
iiie. .lennie and Polly died in infancy. The siir- 
\' Ivors — lOmma .-iiid l''ainiie — are now making their 
home with their maternal grand|iarents in Chicago 
and being well educated in the Douglas School of 
that city. Mrs. Loebstein belongs to the Jewish 

The parents of Mrs. Loebstein are Lippman and 
Jetty (Leiter) Hess, natives of Aufhausen, Ger- 
many, where the father was liorn INLiy 22. 1818, 
and the mother June 2j, lS2.j. They were com- 
panions in youtli and their childish regard strength- 
ened and led them to unite their lives and for- 
tunes. Mr. Hess was a manufacturer of vinegars 
in Germany until late in thosummcr of 18r)(;, when 
he emigrated to America. The family' which in- 
cluded three children, after cro.ssing the ocean set- 
tled in Ivochester. X. Y.. later removing to Har- 
risburg. Pa., and still later to Freeport, III. They 




finally located in Chicago where Mr. :uul Mrs. Hess 
ran a hotel for some years. They have now re- 
tired from active labor and are still living on the 
South side. They are now quite full of years but 
smart and active, and are excellent representa- 
tives of their race. Mr. Hess is a man of much 
ability, recognized as such by all who knew hira, 
and both have many friends in their wide circle of 
acquaintances. They are devoted adherents of the 
.lewish faith. 

Vw/OHN H. KOBINSON, deceased, began his 
residence in Will County, in the fall of 1844, 
making his first settlement in Troy Town- 
ship, but several years later removing to 
Joliet Township. In the latter he breathed his 
last December 8, 1873. During the early 3'ears of 
his residence here he lilled the official station of 
Supervisor. His birth took place in Tonawanda, 
Niagara Count}', N. Y., .Tune 5, 1811, and at his 
native place he resided until he was nineteen j'cars 
old. He tlien came West as far as Ashtabula 
County, ( Jliiu. wliich was his home until he removed 
to Illinois. During his residence in Ohio, he re- 
turned to his native State and in the town of Hamp- 
ton, Washington County, was united in marri.age 
with Miss Nancy A. Hulett. This worthy lady 
was a native of that place, where her eyes opened 
to the light October 14, 1813. Their union was 
blessed by the birth of six children, four of whom 
died in infancy. The survivors are Andrew J. and 
.U)hn H., the former a resident of San Francisco, 
Cal., and the latter of the parental homestead in 
this count>-. 

The young man, who. since his father's cleatli, 
has had charge of the Robinson homestead, was 
born in Cliannahon Township, February 20, 1855. 
He was educated in the schools in Will Count}' 
and grew to manlKio<l in [tossession of a goodly 
store of practical knowledge which, taken in con- 
nection with his natural inclination toward all that 
is progressive and enterprising, has brought him 
rapidly to the front in the business enterprises in 

which he is engaged. The homestead comprises 
eighty acres on which are excellent improvements 
and its appearance shows that it is ably managed 
and remunerative. 

Mr. Robinson is also engaged in the Fire Insur- 
ance business, representing the Home Company of 
New York, and he also represents the Michigan 
Mutual Life Insurance Company of Detroit. He 
is thoroughly adapted to this work, having an acute 
and almost instantaneous judgment of human na- 
ture, and a persistence in presenting his cause that 
is kept from being disagreeable b}' affable manners 
and good conversational powers. In all business 
transactions he is careful yet enterprising, wiule he 
ranks high among the public-spirited citizens, being- 
one of the most foremost in all meritorious snter- 
prises. He is an active member of the Richard 
Street Methodist Episcopal Church of Joliet, and 
in both cit}' and country is well and favorably 
known for his private charactei' and his business 

An imi)ortant step in the life of Mr. Robinson 
was taken June 16, 1886, when at the bride's home 
in Joliet Township he was uniteil in marriage with 
Miss Jennie H. Lawrence. Siie is a well educated 
and amiable lady, a native of this county, and one 
well calculated to fill her place at the head of 
household affairs. Their union has been blessed 
by the birth of two children, Ja}- and Alice. 

OSES BOWE occupies an important place 
among the loading farmers and stock-rais- 
ers of Will Township, who have contributed 
to raise it to its present prosperous condi- 
tion, and have thus materially advanced the inter- 
ests of the county. Mr. Bowe is of Irish birth and 
parentage, born in County Wexford, town of Ball- 
clay, June 22, 1835, a son of John and Annastatia 
Bowe. They had five children, namely: Mary. 
Ellen, Elizabeth, Moses and John P., all of whom 
grew to maturity, and Ellen and Mary married and 
reared families. 

Onr subject spent the early j-ears of his bo3'hood 
in the land of his nativity, coming to the United 



States with his uncle, Philip Bowe, in 1845, who 
locaterl in Pennsylvania. In 1852, Mr. Bowe came 
to Chicago, wiiere he lived two years, worliing in 
the employ of the Illinois Central In 
1854 he came to Monee, where he was connected 
with the same railway till abont 1881. He then 
took up farming for a living and located on the 
one hundred and sixty-nine acres wiiieh he had 
purchased here in 1864, and on which he had made 
various improvements. He now has his place in an 
excellent condition, provided with suitable build- 
ings, and the land well tilled. He gives much 
attention to stock-raising and has a fine herd of 
thoroughbred Short-horns. Our subject lias ac- 
quired this propert}^ liy the exercise of Ins keen 
foresight and practical abilit\-. 

May 6, 1860, Mr. Bowe took nnlo himself a wift- 
in the person of Miss Hanora Hurley. She is a 
native of County' Kerr}', Ireland, and a daughter 
of Michael and Catherine (Green) Hurley. They 
were the parents of five children.- lilllen. John, 
Mary, Catherine, Hanora, all of whom came to 
America, with the exception of the oldest, all mar- 
rying and rearing families, excepting John. The 
latter was an oUicer in the Fedeial Army, serving 
as Sergeant during the late war, and was killed in 
the battle of Lookout Mountain. Mary was the 
first to come to the United States, taking up her 
residence in Glens Fall, N. Y., in 1847, and tiien 
subsequently removing to Chicago. Mrs. Bowe 
came to the I'nited States in 1852 and has ever 
since been a resident of Illinois. Of her happy 
wedded life with our subject the following children 
have been born : Philip S., John J.. Michael M., Will- 
iam M., and Agnes. William died at the age of 

We have seen that our sul)ject is a self-made 
man, and we may add, what seems to be the uni 
versal testimony of the entire community, that he 
is a strictly honorable, straightforward man, a most 
desirable citizen and in his domestic relations is all 
that a considerate husband and wise father should 
be. He interests himself in public, social and reli- 
gious matters and Ijears a prominent part in the 
civic life of county and township, having been 
elected Supervisor to represent the township of 
Will on the County Board for five 3-ears without 

opposition, which fact speaks well for his popularity 
and ability. In politics he is a decided Democrat. 
Religiously he and his wife are esteemed members 
of the Reformed Cliurcli. 

AVID S. HKXNEBKRRY occupies one of 
)!/ the fine tracts of land of which Wesley Town- 
ship boasts so many, being joint proprietor 
with his brother John. It consists of two hundred 
and sevent}' fertile acres on section 24, on which 
both crops and stock are raised. The fields pro- 
duce abundantly under the intelligent manage- 
ment to which they are subject, and the most care- 
less eye will discern that the stock is in excellent 
condition. The Messrs. Ilenneberry are single, but 
their pleasant home is presided over by their sister 
Jenny, who surrounds them with all the home 
comfort which they desire. 

In County Tipperarj', Irelaml. David Ilenne- 
berry and I5ridget Reeves were born. They be- 
came man and wife, and have reared a familj- of 
seven children, viz: David; John and Annie 
(twins), Jenny, CUiristopher, Jlary and Agnes. 
The parents came to America in 1849, making 
their first settlement in DiiPage County, 111. Tlicv 
removed thence to Grundy Count}', and a few 
years later to M.arshall (bounty, where they so- 
journed but a short time. Returning to Grundy 
County they resided therein until 1883, when they 
took up their abode on a farm on section 2, Wes- 
ley Townshi|). Will County, where they still live. 

The subject of our sketch first ojiened his eyes 
to the light of day December 31, 1857, in Grundy 
Count}-. He was educated in the district schools, 
and began life for himself when seventeen years 
old by hiring out on a farm. He worked as a farm 
hand two years, then in 1876 with his brother 
bought the place which they now occupy and oper- 
ate. Being still young in years, they have plenty 
of time before them in which to reach a high posi- 
tion among the farmers of the county, and to add 
to their already comfortable possessions. 

INIr. Hcnneberry is now serving his fourth term 
as Supervisor of Wesley Township, and his con- 



tmuance in office indicates the opinion tliat is held 
by his fellow-citizens of his gocxi juiluinent and 
zeal. For three years he hold the office of Road 
Commissioner of the district. The Republican 
ticket is always voted by him, and he lias ever 
been active in political work, both as one of the 
rank an<l hie of the party, and as a delegate to 
connty and congrcssinnnl conventions. lie has tl)e 
ready s)ii'ecli and fpiick inlelligence of the race 
from which he descends, is resiiected as his good 
qualities deserve, and like other members of his 
family, is a devout member <.if the Catholic Church. 

*^ ANIKL PATTERSON. In the .annals of 
Wheatland Township, the name of this gen- 
tleman occupies an honorable place as one of 
its etlicient pioneers who has given practical aid in 
making it one of the finest farming regions in this 
section of the county. I>y stea<ly ti;)il and excel- 
lent management he has acipiired a valuable prop- 
erty since he came to Illinois forty years ago, and 
he and his In-other own a large tract of land, all 
lying in a liod^y, an<l in a line slate of cultivation 
anil exceeilingly well impi-nved. 

t)ur subject is a native of Dumfriesliire, Scot- 
lan<l, born Octolier 13, 182S. His parents were 
Jolm and Jane Patterson, also natives of that 
eonntry. He was reared in the land of his birth 
on a farm, and received a fair education. Ambi- 
tions to see something more of the world and to 
build up a home for himself, he emigrated to Amer- 
ica in 1850, taking passage at Liverpool on a sail 
vessel. He encountered a JKvivy storm at sea 
which lasted nearly a week, but at last, after a voy- 
age of thirty-seven <lays, lainlcd in safely in New 
York City. I-'mm there he came directly to this 
count}-, and for a time made his home with his 
brother .Mungn. He finally settled on his present 
farm on section 10, in which he owns a half inter- 
est, his brother James, who li\es with him. being 
tlie pi-o|iriclor of the remainder. lliis is one of 
tlie lai-gcst farms i.-i this vicinity, and is well pro 
videil with substantial bnililings, nnidern machin- 
ery and everything to oi)erate it to advantage. 

When he and his brother first took possession of it 
it WHS in a wild condition, and by their united 
labors they have made it what it is to-day. Their 
farm is well stocked, as they pay much attention 
to that branch of business. When they began 
farming- here Lockport was their grain market, and 
grain was shipped to Chicago from that place b}' 
canal. Almost the entire growth of this section of 
Illinois has taken place under their eyes, and they 
have ably assisted in pl.acing this connty where it 
is to-day, among the foremost agricultural counties 
in the State. 

The maiden name of Mr. Patterson's wife was 
Jane Williamson, and she is also of Scottish birth. 
He has found in her a true helpmate, one who is 
devoted to the interests of her family, and by her 
patient toil has been a factor in bringing about his 
prosperity. They have had ten children, of whom 
the following are living: William, Robert, Mar- 
garet, John, Mary, Grace, Laura and Frank. 

Mr. Patterson's life has been one of industrious 
toil, guided by discretion, prudence and sound 
common sense, that have placed him among the 
moneyed men of Wheatland. He has always dis- 
played the qualities which m.nk a good citizen, is 
loyal to his adopted country, and gives his alleg- 
iance to the Republican party. A man of earnest 
views and strong principles, he is a firm temperance 
advocate. He has interested himself in forward- 
ing the educational advantages of the township as 
School Director, which oflice he still holds. 

r^^'HOMAS DOIG. New Lenox Township prob • 
,if''/^\\ 'i'5l.V li'is not a more enter|)rising, liberal or 
\^i/ public-spirited man within its limits than he 
with whose name we initiate this sketch. He is a 
life-long farmer by occupation, but notwithstand- 
ing the cares and labors involved in looking prop- 
erly after a large tract of land, he has always taken 
time to keep himself informed in regard to the 
various enterprises calculated to benefit his com- 
munity, and to these has given his uniform sup- 
port. His well-tilled fields yield abundantly the 
choicest crops of Northern Illinois, and he cuiti- 



vales them witli tlie latest iiiipro\ecl n):ii-lniier\ ' 
He has a neat anil substantial farm iluilliii^. ami 
the various outbuildings reijuired for the proper 
prosecution of his ealliny. 

Thomas I)oi<>: traces his ancestry to one of the 
best nationalities on the face of the L;l<ibe. briny 
the son of Andrew Doiy-. wlio was burn September 
21, IT'.iT, on the river Tav. in the city of Dundee, 
in Forfarshire, Scotland, 'riic latter when reach- 
ing manhood married Miss Isabella Fifi', a native 
of his own shire, the wedding occnrrinu in October, 
1805, at Dundee. The father set out for America 
in 1830, and located at Philadelphia, Pa., where he 
was joined by his family two years later, and they 
lived there several years. He follnwed his trade 
of a stonecutter, was a skilled '.vf)rliman, and was 
employed in the erection of (tirard College, the 
Exchange lluilding. and other important ediliccs 
in the city of Brotherly Love. 

Karly in the '40s the [larents of our subject 
removed to ^Vashin^>to^, 1). C, where Andrew 
Hoig continued his former business, also being con- 
cerned in the erection of various i)ublic buildings, 
including the postofflce, and he put up the self- 
supiiorting hanging stairs, a piece f)f architectm-e 
diilicult to accomplish, and which has Iteen gazed 
upon by admiring thousands. He was also em- 
ployed t>n the Capitol Building anil other import- 
ant structures, remaining there until 1817. That 
3'ear he decided to seek his fortunes in the West, 
and coming to Will County settled in Homer Town- 
ship, and securing a tract of land changed his 
occuiiation to that of a farmer. He built up a com- 
fortable home and lived there until after the death 
of the mother, who passed a\va3' Maj' 4, ISGl. Mr. 
Hoig survived his estimable partner for a period 
of twenty-si,\- years, departing this life at the home 
of his son .VIexander, on Maple Street, New Leno.K 
Township, February 17, 1887. 

To the parents of our subject there was born a 
family of ten children, of whom the record is as 
follows: Jlary Ann died in Philadelphia in girl- 
hood; Elizabeth became the wife of William Fer- 
guson and died in Chicago, 111.; Thomas resides 
on Maple Street in New Lenox Township; Andrew 
is a miller by trade and lives in McHcnry County; 
Jessie died in Philadelphia when quite young; 

.lames is fai'niing iji the Stale of Kansas; Isabella 
is the will' of Sl.anlon Lynk. of New Lenox Town- 
sliip: William died at Hadley. in Homer Township, 
when a youth of sixteen years; Alexander is farm- 
ing in New Lenox Township; .lohn H. prosecutes 
agriculture in the same township. 

The subject of Ibis notice was the third child of 
bis |iai'cnls and is also a native of Dundee. Seoi- 
l.aiid. born .Mari-h :!, 182('). He came to America 
with his mother in 1 s;',-i, and at the early age of 
twelve years slarte<l out to earn his own living, 
being employeil in a butchei- shop in Philadelphia 
until a, youlh of eighteen. He then ai'companied 
tlie family to Washington, D. C.. where he was 
emi>loyed at bricklaying three years, ^\'e next 
find him in lialtimore. Md., whei'e he was similarly 
employed until isi'.i. In the fall of that year he 
came to this county, locating in Homer Tovvnship, 
but in 1850 joined the caravan moving toward the 
Pacific Slope, and imtil January, 1 8.").'i, was en- 
gaged in hunting for the yellow ore. He \vas fairly 
successful, but decided to return tti Homer Town- 
ship, and a year later settled on j\laple Street in 
New Lenox Township. In May, 1851, he removed 
to bis pi'esent farm, where he has since resided and 
given his entire attention to its imi)rovement and 
cultivation. He has one hundred and seventy-two 
acres of good land with nn)dern improvcnKMits. 

Thomas Doig was niai-ried in Chicago, 111.. I\Iav 
5, 1851. to Mrs. Ann M. (Lynk) Van Du.ser. This 
lady was born in Columbia Township, N. Y., No- 
vember 17, 1820, and is a daughter of Z. W. and 
Sallio (Harder) Lynk, mention of who'n is made 
in the sketch of Stanton Lynk, on another page in 
this Ai.i'.rM. Her llrsl liusban<l was (Jilbert \'an 
Duser, who <licd f)n IMaiile Street, New Lenox 
Township, April 2. 1«5-'!. Of this union there 
were Ijorn two children: Sarah ('.. the wifeof Alex- 
ander Doig, of New Leno.x Township, and John I. 
who died here in April. 18,82. 

.Mr. and Mrs. Doig are the ptirents of four chil- 
dren, viz: Lsabella, who died in childhood; Annie, 
the wife of George L. Francis, of New Lenox 
Township; Irene, who died 3'oung, and Thomas .!., 
who is farming in New T-eno-x Township. Mr. 
Doig is a stanch Democrat, |iolitically, .and has 
taken an active part in the (•(nimils of his pai'ty. 



liokling various ])ositions of trust and responsibil- 
ity, and representing his townsiiip in tlie County 
Board of Supervisors. Mrs. Doig is a member in 
good standing of tlie Methodist P^piscopal Churdi. 
Tlie family' Iiold a good social position in tlie com- 
munity, and are contributing their full quota toward 
the promotion of its best interests. 

bly no business man in the city of .Toliet 
is more shrewd, careful and persistent in 
his operations, or displays a greater vigor in his 
undertakings than the above-named gentleman, 
wlio withal is modest and conscientious in his deal- 
ings. A few years ago he abandoned the occupa- 
tion in which he had previousl}' been engaged, to 
embark as a furniture dealer, wliicli he thought 
would be a more congenial and iiione}' -making 
business. He has been well repaid for the change, 
his present enterprise reaching a trade of $20, 0(10 
per year. 

Mr. .lacksijn is of English ancestry and parent- 
age, and lieiongs to a family which for five geneia- 
tions had followed the same business. In IStl 
his parents, W. S. and Frances M. (Ilogbin) .Jack- 
son, left the mother country to mal<e a home in 
America. They located at Utica, N. Y., where our 
subject was born, October 27, 1851, being one of 
three sons and one daughter who comprised the 
parental household. The father was a first-class 
butcher and did a large market business. Young- 
Jackson finished a commercial course of study at 
the age of twenty-two years, and being ready U> 
embark in business for himself followed the foot- 
steps of his ancestors, tliinking it a rut from which 
he could not escaiie. 

In 1878 Mr. Jackson determined to seek a home 
farther west than his native State, and after trav- 
eling around considerably decided u]ion Joliet as 
his future location. He went into J. .1. Culver's 
meat market, but in the latter part of August, 1879, 
started a similar business for himself in the build- 
ing next door to tlie Vival National Bank, where he 
remained until the Hoard of Trade building was 

erected on North Ottawa Street. Into that he 
moved, continuing to prosper, and soon afterward 
buying a splendid home just outside the city 

It took many hard knocks to bring .about the 
prosi)erit3' which is so e.asil_y men'ioned, and it was 
not without some misgivings that in 1884 Mr. Jack- 
son abandoned the block to engage in his new 
enterprise. On the 1st of September he rented 
the entire second floor of the Board of Trade Block, 
and with this and his market store-room he liloomed 
out with a first-class furniture repository. The 
many friends he had made in his old business nat- 
urally clung to him in the new, and a deserved 
success has been his. 

On April 20, 1876, at the home of the bride in 
New Hartford, N. Y., the rites of wedlock were 
celebrated between our subject and Miss Maggie 
E. Craig. This lady is a daughter of James Craig, 
was the recipient of careful home training and ex- 
cellent educational advantages, and her cultured 
mind, refined manners and fine character fit her for 
the [positions of wife and mother, and member of 
societ}'. She has borne her husband three children, 
named respectively: (ieorgc Elliott, born Septem- 
ber 18, 1878, Clarence Mason, born October 20, 
1S80, and Cleora W., born February 4, 1884. Mr. 
Jackson is a Republican. He belongs to the Ma- 
sonic fraternity, to the Knights of Pythias, and to 
several insurance sc>cieties. 

[/ OUIS WENBERG was born in the southern 
part of Sweden in 1856, and grew to maii- 

hood in his native land, engaging in the 

occupations of a farmer and stonemason. At the 
age of twenty-four 3^ears, in company with his 
mc>ther and four brothers, he embarked at Gutten- 
berg and ere long lojided in New York. They 
came West at once, locating in Joliet, where our 
subject resumed his trade of a stonem.ason and his 
brothers engaged as quarr3men. Two years later 
the Wenberg brothers and a brother-in-law formed 
a co-partnership under the style of Wenberg & Co., 
and having bouglit three .acres of land on Maple 


> ^^ <^t--<-^^4^<c-^ 



Street, embarked in the business of qiianyiiii,'. 
Business grew rapidly, and by 1889 tliey had trnns- 
acted a trade which reached the value of ^l(j,()00. 
The firm of Wenberg & Co. was dissolved in I8'.)0, 
Alfred Wenberg and iiis brother-in-law taking llio 
department of contracting and masonr3% and Louis, 
onr subject, continuing the quarry business alone. 

Of the four brothers of our subject two arc now 
deceased. Frank was born in I Sis and died in 
1886; Peter was born in 1850 and died in ISSI, 
leaving two children, whose home is with his 
mother. This estimable lad}' was born in lS-21, 
and is now living in .Toilet with her grandchildren. 
She is noted for her excellence of character, and is 
regarded with loving respect by hosts of fii(>n(ls. 
Iler husband died in Sweden in 187S. The mother 
and sons were preceded to Anu'iica by a sistei' of 
our subject. Ida Louisa, who niarrieil ('liarles K. 
Swerberg in lSS],and died in 1SS5, leaving one 

Louis Wenberg was married in 1883 to Miss 
Lottie Soderland, a native of Sweden, who came to 
America in 1882. To them have l)ecn Imuii two 
children: Albert, aged five jears, and Laura, aged 
ten months, whose cliildish beauty and bright wa3s 
are a constant delight to their parents. Mr. Wenlierg 
has risen by his own industry and judgment to an 
honorable place, and is highly respected for his 
integrit}' and social qualities. Both Mr. and Mrs. 
AVenberg l)elong to the Swedish Baptist Church. 

GEORGE M. CAMPBELL, Secretary, Treas- 
urer and General Manager of the .Toliet 
Stone Company, is one of that class of men 
who have been instrumental in advancing the ma- 
terial interests of the cit}-. A residence of ncarl}- 
twenty- -eight years, during which he has made for 
himself a good record, both in social and business 
circles, has full}' established him in the esteem and 
confidence of all who know liim. With the excep- 
tion of three years, one of which was spent in the 
South, and two at his old home in New England, 
he has been a continuous resident of .Toliet since 
April, 18(52. 

The native pl.icc of our s\diject was in ruily. 

Waldo County, Me., and the date of his birth Jan- 
uary 5, 184 8. lie is the son of John P.. and Mar- 
gai'et W. (Norton) Campljcll, the former of whom 
was a native of Montville, Me. The father of our 
suliject, grew to mature yeai's in his native town, 
aii<l at an early age went to sea and followed 
a sailor's life for four years, in the meantime be- 
coming first mate of a vessel. He then learned 
the tradi' of a t'arpenler, and finally became expert 
as an architect and a skilled mechanic. After mar- 
riage he moved to Medford, Mass., and thereafter 
lived in several places in the Bay State'until 18.'J7, 
employing himself as .■ui artisan. That year he 
resolved to seek the far west and removed with 
his family across the Mississip|)i to Lynn C(.iunty, 
Iowa, settling at a point sixty-five miles licyond 
a railroad, lie still coutiiuuMl at his trade and 
took the lead in the buililiug interests of that 
section of the llawkeye Stale, putting up some 
of the best structures in the suri'ounding countrj', 
including Central City. At thai place he built the 
first church and schoolhouse and left the marks of 
his handiwork upon various other important struc- 
tures, remaining there until 1802. 

In the sjjring of 18(12, i\Ir. CampTiell returned 
East as far .as Joliet, 111., where he followed his 
trade one year, and Hum on account of an accident 
which crippled one of his hands, he turned his 
attention to portrait painting, taking up the art 
readily and becoming very proficient. He subse- 
quently returned to Iowa, where he lives at a pleas- 
ant country seal, called "The Pines," situated two 
miles east of the capitol building at Des Moines. 
He was first identified with the Whig party, and is 
now a stanch Ivcpublican :uid one of the leading 
men of his county. 

The parental family of our subject consisted of 
three children, the youngest of whom died in in- 
fancy. The survivors are George M., our subject, 
and Susan E., now the wife of Gurdon Fox, of 
Des Moines, Iowa. The mother is likewise living. 
She was born January 1(1, 1S27, while the father 
was born September 15,1822. Mrs. Campbell was 
in her girlhood Miss Margaret W. Norton. She born near Bucks IIarl)or, Me., in what is now 
the town of 15rooksville, in the same house umier 
whose roof her father first opened his e^'cs to the 


light, though !xt the lime of his Ijirth the phiee 
formed a part of the .State of Massachusetts. 

George M. Campbell pursued his early studies in 
the Joliet seliools and comiileted thera in the Eng- 
lish and Classical Institute at Springdeld. ^Mass., 
where ho spent two years. lie then occupied him- 
self as a teaciier in Tennessee at tlie foot of Lone 
Mountain for five months. AVe next lind him in 
Joliet, where he followed the trade of a carpenter. 
which he had learned from his father, and he soon 
commanded journeyman's pay. AVhiie at school 
he had taken a commercial course and became fitted 
for an accountant and now occupied himself in tliis 
capacity from -Tuly, 18G7, until May, 1875. 

The next move of Mr. Campbell was to embark 
in business for himself, having as his partner, Mr. 
George H. Monroe. In 1875, the Joliet Stone 
Company' was formed and incorporated two years 
later with Mv. Monroe as President and Jlr. Camp- 
bell as Seeretarj- and Treasurer. The latter also 
became interested in the Crescent Stone Company, 
Joliet, and is at present one of its Directors. lie 
is also engaged in real estate to a certain extent. 

Mr. Campbell has always been an active worker 
in the Republican party but witli the exception of 
serving as Assistant Supervisor of Joliet, he has 
declined to assume the responsibilities of office. He 
was married December 25. 1873, to ^Miss Elizabeth 
R., daughter of the Hon. Henry Snapp. Mr. Snapp 
in former years was a noted attorney' and repre- 
sented this district in Congress. He is now living 
retired from the active duties of life in San Jose. 
Cal. Mrs. Campbell was born in Joliet, this county, 
August 25, 1851, and obtained her education in tlie 
common schools. She possesses considerable musi- 
cal talent and iierfccted herself in this accoraplisli- 
ment in Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell have 
two children, Jessie M. and Ida A. Our stdiject 
and his estimable wife are members of the I'niver- 
salist Church. 

The Joliet Stone Company was incorporated in 
1877 with a capita! of ^-'50,000. which Inter was in- 
creased to -i^lOO.ODO. The' principal cpiarrics arc 
near tlie foot of Richards Street and from them are 
obtained Ihe largest output of any quarty In this 
part of Illinois, the district covering an area of 
about eighty acres from which i.s taken all the va- 

rieties of stone known to this region. The main 
office is at Joliet and there are five branch offices 
in Chicago to wiiich is run a fleet of boats owned 
l)j' the comjiany and operated by a force of two 
hundred and fifty men during the busy season. 
They have connection with all the raiboads center- 
ing in Joliet, being the only quarry enjoying such 
ample transportation facilities. 

On another page of this Ai.ium appears a litho- 
graphic portrait of Mr. Campbell. 

y ALTER J. FIDDYMENT. After years 
of well-directed efforts as one of the farm- 
ers and business men of Lockport. this 
gentleman has retired in affiuence to the enjoyment 
of an elegant home and the societ}' of a charming 
family. He is a son of John and Sophia (Blogg) 
Fiddyment. natives of Norfolk, England, where he 
was born. April 3, 1837. His father came to 
America the same year, and was joined by the 
mother and son in 1839. John Fiddyment was a 
distiller, and carried on his business in Lockport 
until 18G5, when he removeil to a farm in Lock- 
port Township. 

Walter J. Fiddyment attended the i)ublic schools, 
proving an apt pupil and fitting himself for a prac- 
tical application of the theories which he learned 
with his father. When his father removed to his 
farm our subject engaged in farming with him, 
but resided in Lockport. [n 1881 he embarked in 
the business of a quarryman. by opening a quarry 
at Lockport. in which the quality of the stone is 
imsuriiassed. B3' strict attention to business and 
honorable metiiods, his product obtained a ready 
sale, and the business which began with but a few 
men, employed from one to two hundred when our 
subject dis()OSed of his interest in 1889. 

In 1886 Mr. Fiddyment organized a stock cora- 
panj' called the Lockport Stone Company, of which 
he became Presiileut; Olas Paulsen. Secretary- and 
Treasurer; W. J. Fiddyment, Olas Paulsen and 
J. C. Fiddyment, son of our subject, Directors. 
The business was extended until it became one of 



the hest equipped and most [irofitalilf phinls in tlie 
West. Having disposed of liis plant to tlie ^\'est- 
ern Stone Company. Mr. Fiddvnient retired from 
tile business. He has always been noted for his 
liberality and geniality. In politics he is a Detno- 
ei-at. The record of liis business life is creditable 
alike to his financial abilit}^ and manly s|iiril, while 
his personal character 'omniands the respect i>f his 

i'lie marriage of Mr. Fiddynient and Miss Ellen 
.1. Clarkson took place in 18(;2, and has been blessed 
with the birth of fourteen chihlren. ele\en of \vh'_>m 
are living in \\"\\\ County near the (.areiital home. 
Mrs. Fiddynient is a native of Joliet and belongs 
to one of the oldest and most honoied families of 
the county. She is a menilier of St. Dennis Catli- 
<ilic Church, is a woman of devout Christian char- 
acter, and possesses the gracious manners which are 
socharniing in a hostess. 


EORGE :\I. LYNI). It affords the bio- 
graphical writer pleasure to be able to re- 
I cord in this volume the main incidents in 
the life of an honest and upright citizen, a good 
business man and a patriotic soldier, who has been 
well known in Lockport for a number of years. 
Mr. Lynd was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, in Is.jG. 
and as the fortunate son of educated jxarents and 
the inheritor of the zeal and mental ability which 
iiave characterized his progenitors, he became pro- 
ficient in book lore and capable of performing well 
his part in life. 

The father of him of whom we write wasSaniuel 
Lynd, a native of Germantown. Pa., who devoted 
himself to the ministry in the Baptist Church. Such 
was his devotion to the cause of the Master that 
he left a lucrative position in the East and came to 
Cincinnati, Ohio, when it was but a straggling vil- 
lage. There he remained eighteen j-ears, building 
tip a large congregation, afterward going to St. 
Louis, Mo., as pastor of the First ISaptist Church. 
Tie was chosen as Presitlent of the AV^estern Baptist 
Theological Institute. located at Covington. K3'., 

and moved to (Jeorgetown, Ky. Subsequently he 
came to Chicago, III., as pastor of llu^ North Street 
Chur:'h. but was recalled to Cincinnati, where he 
closed an active ministry of fortj'-five years, to 
spend his last days with his son in Lockport. 

The wife of this able minister and the nuither of 
(iiir subject was b(irn in New .lersey, and was a 
daughter of the Rev. .lames Staughton, at onetime 
Chaplain of the House of Representatives at Wash- 
ington. D.C. The Kev. Mr. Staughton was the divine 
whose eloquence made Chatham Street Church, of 
Philadelphia, famous, drawing thither such crowds 
that the capacity of the building was iie\'cr sutlic- 
ient to accommodate them, although the edifice 
was so spacious that no successor was able to (ill it, 
and it was eventually torn down. 

The subject of this .sketch was educated in the 
school presided over by his father, and began his 
personal career as a teacher, his particular field 
being that of a private tutor. "The shot heard 
round the world" aroused him from his peaceful 
ciiUing, and answering the first call for troops to 
suppress the Rebellion, he enlisted in Company C, 
One Hundredth Illinois Infantry. His command- 
ing otiicers were Capt. Bacon and Col. Bartleson, 
under whose leadership he saw service in Ihe West, 
participated in the battle of Chickamauga and in 
Sherman's march to the sea. He was subsequently 
sent back to Nashville, where he assisted Gen. 
Thomas to defeat and destroy Hood's army. He 
was never touched by a bullet, but passed through 
the main' dangerous scenes of war unscathed, ex- 
hibiting the qualities which led to his successive 
promotions from the rank of Sergeant to that of 
Cai)tain, which he held when mustered out. 

Upon returning to the North at the close of the 
war Mr. Lynd entered the grocery business with his 
brother-in-law, Mr. Lull, in Lockport, 111., and to- 
gether they carried on a growing trade for a num- 
ber of years. About a decade ago Mr. Lull retired, 
his former partner continuing the business at the 
c>ld stand, where he has an excellent trade and en- 
deavors to meet ever^' want of his jiatrons. Mr. 
Lynd is fortunate in his home life, having won as 
his companion ^liss Mary M. Blount, whose family 
is one of the oldest and most prominent in the 
county. Her father, Samuel Blount, was the first 



Supervisor of Homer Township. Mr. and Mrs. 
Lynd are the parents of two daughters — Carrie and 
Louise. Mr. Lj'nd is a nieuiber of Gooding Post, 
G. A. R., at Loclqiort. 

-^ ' • ' ' 

ARTIN WKSTPHAL was born at Bram- 
staiU, Holstein, October 27, 1837, when 
tliat section of the country was under 
Daiiisli rule. In 1856 he came to America, 
and in the fall of the same year located in Crete, 
tills county ; here he remained until 1863, when 
coming to Joliet, lie was employed as Deputy Re- 
corder until the autumn of 1869. Having been 
admitted to the bar, he now began the practice of 
law, and in 1875, opened the German Loan & Sav- 
ings Bank, which he continues at present with the 
assistance of his two sons as clerks. 

■-^ ^-#^ *^ 

jKRGAX BROS. The Messrs. Michael, John 
^ and Daniel Bergan own and operate three 
fSS)ll/ liundred and twent}- acres of land on sec- 
tion 4. Manliattan Township, their siiecialty 
being the importing, breeding and sale of horse- 
flesh. They have become known far and near for 
^their herd of Shetland ponies which generally 
numbers from Ofty to sixty head; and for the fine 
Kentucky saddle horses in which they deal. They 
also raise draft horses, full-blooded Short horn 
cattle, thorough-bred Cottswold sheep and full- 
blooded Poland-China swine. The zeal which they 
have manifested in tiieir business is bringing them 
the success which they merit, and they have the 
pleasure of knowing that in their former line of 
labor the}' were also successful, not only gaining 
worldh' goods, but relieving their parents of a 
great burden and securing their choicest blessing. 
Martin Bergan, the father of our subject, was 
born in County Kilkenney, Ireland, in 1803, and 
tilled the soil in his native land until the fall of 
1847. In November lie bade adieu to the Emer- 
ald Isk, crossed the Atlantic to New Orleans and 

started northward with his family. The river 
froze so that he was not able to reach Joliet, III., 
until April, 1848. He then bought eighty acres of 
raw land which now forms a part of the Bergan 
Bros, estate. At that time the township of Tren- 
ton, comprising what are now Green Garden and 
Manhattan Townships, contained but seven voters, 
and Mr. Bergan is the oldest settler therein now 
living. He improved and operated his farm, for 
some 3'eRrs being very successful, and adding to 
his landed estate until his possessions here 
amounted to three hundred and twenty acres and 
he held land elsewhere in the county. Misfortune, 
however, overtook him about a decade since, and 
he retired, his sons assuming control of affairs with 
the determination to recover all that he had seem- 
ingly lost. 

Mr. Bergan has at different times been the in- 
cumbent of the various township offices, and he has 
also been useful in his day and generation by rea- 
son of the assistance which he has given to the 
cause of education and religion. He put up the 
first schoolhouse in his district and has helped to 
build churches. He has alwa3's voted the Demo- 
cratic ticket. He is now eighty-seven years of age, 
while his wife, formerly Miss Esther Welsh, of 
Countv Kilkenny, Ireland, has reached her three- 
score j'ears and ten. Both belong to the Catholic 
Church and as devout believers have reared their 
children in the tenets of the faith. Their family 
includes Michael, Mary, John and Nicholas, who 
were born in Ireland, and two of whom are mem- 
bers of the firm of which we write. Mar\^ is the 
wife of John Peterson and lives in Harris, Ander- 
son County, Kan., and Nicholas resides in Nuckolls 
County, the same State. The children born in 
America are AVilliam, who died at the age of 
twenty-eight years; Mrs. Bridget Hayden, of Flor- 
ence; Ann, widow of Thomas C. Kelly', who lives 
with her parents; Daniel, of the firm of Bergan 
Bros.; and Martin, who keeps a livery stable in 

The three brothers, of whom we write, were 
reared upon the farm which they now operate and 
the work of which they learned the rudiments of 
when quite young. They enjoyed the privileges 
of the district school in which the}' acquired a 



practical education. John was the hunter of the 
famil}- and made several trips to Green Bay, Wis., 
and the hunting grounds of Minnesota, where he 
spent some time in hunting and trapping, doing 
well in this occupation. In 1880, after their father's 
misfortune, they put their shoulder to the wheel 
and together bought the home farm and engaged 
in tlie cultivation of grain. They worked hard, 
managed carefully and won success, soon being re- 
warded by seeing the mortgage lifted and having 
the deed of a well-improved farm in their posses- 

The brotiiers gradually worked into the stock 
business and in 1887 began importing Shetland 
ponies. John Bergan went to the Shetland Islands 
bringing back a herd and is now making liis' fourth 
trip thither. The}' not only import but they also 
breed the little animals, having the best herd of 
brood mares in the country. It includes Minnie 
Warren, the smallest brood niare in the United 
Stales; her weight is but one luindred and ninety 
pdiiiiils. She took the honors at the American 
Ilorsu Show, in Chicago, where three other first 
premiums were secured by the Bergan Bros. Their 
ponies are all registered. Few prettier sights can 
be imagined than that alTorded by the playful an- 
tics of the tin}- equines. 

The Bergan Bros., keei' nothing but line slock. 
and in all their labors use the latest farm machinery, 
likewise keeping up to the times in llie construc- 
tion and arrangement of necessary buildings. An 
immense barn having a frontage of one luuuln-il 
and sixty feet affords stabling and shelters the 
large amount of hay and grain needed to supply 
the wants of the stock. The land is watered by 
Jackson Creek and is further supiilied with the 
cooling liquid b}' means of a windmill and tank, 
while a beautiful orchard and shade trees provide 
fruit and afford shelter from tlie scorching rays of 
-the sun. 

In 1888 the Bergan Bros., ,assisted to organize 
the American Shetland I'on}' A.ssociation, of which 
John Bergan is Mcc-I'resident. All are mimlurs 
of the (irange at Manhattan, thiee miles distant 
from their home, and Daniel is Treasurer of the 
Lijdge. He has also been Highway Commissioner 
for four years and is now serving as School Direc- 

tor. He is likewise a member of the Central Com- 
mittee of the Democratic part}', to the principles of 
which all the brothers stanchly adhere. They be- 
long to the Sacred Heart Catholic Church in Joliet, 
and have a hi'di staudini; among its members. 

LLEN G. HAW LEY, editor of the Will 
County CiJinmercial Adrertisfr, was born 
in Centralia, 111.. April 25, 1858. lie is 
the son of Henry S. and Deborah (Bramen) 
Iltiwle}', natives of the Empire State, who settled 
in Lock|)ort early in the '30s. Our subject was 
educated in the [lublic schools of J^ockport and 
at an early age entered the olUce cif the Loekport 
Courier, which was then edited by X. S. Grim- 
wood, the balloonist. After two years spent in 
the emploj' of that genlleinan he entered the office 
of the Joliet *S'tt/), where he finished his apprentice- 
ship. He had become thoroughly conversant with 
the printer's trade, and had also acquired a good 
knowledge of journalistic work in editorial and 
other departments. 

In 1877 Mr. Hawley opened a small job print- 
ing office in Loekport, and during the same year 
began the publication of the Loekport Standard. 
The enterprising siiirit of the man and his ambition 
to reach a high standing in the fields of journalism 
was not satisfied with this enterprise, and he, there- 
fore, began the publication of the Advi'rtiser, be- 
lieving that a sheet of this nature would reach a 
larger circulation and a niore influential place. He 
began it by himself filling the v;u ions (lositions of 
(■ditor, reporter, printer, devil .'ind business man- 
ager. The plant consisted of one old press pro- 
pelled by hand. 

Ere long the standing of the [laper had become 
sufficiently assured to allow the use of horse-power 
to run the press, and eventually the business grew 
until all the modern appliances ot a first-class es- 
tablishment were olnained and steam became the 
motive power. The Coiarwrcial Adcfirtixcr now 
has eigiit editions for as many places in Will 
Count}'. ]\Ir. IJawley is without a [)eer as a solici- 



tor for advortisinj;- :inil job work, .-uhI is what in 
Western parlance woiilil be called a ••hustler." 

The enterprise of Mr. Hawley is not conlined 
to the newspaper business, but in 1888 he built a 
brick biiililini;- at No. 407 Chicago Street, Joliet, 
and in 188'.t inaugurated the electric light system 
in Locki)ort. He introduced the Edison incandes- 
cent light, placed the business on a firm basis and 
then diposed of liis interest to Norton •S: Co. He 
is now buihling for himself an elegant home, 
which, when completeil, will be a ciedit to the 
city. As lie is yet in his thirties and has not yet 
reached the highest point of man's vigor, it is Imt 
natural to suppose that this section of country will 
hear yet more of his work in years to come. 

In l.sT'.l Mr. Hawley led to the hymeneal altar 
Miss Aretta M. Riggs, of Pontiae, a lady well fitted 
to assist in building up his fortunes and making a 
hap|>y home. .">lie is a native of Pennsylvania, 
descends from an old family, and inlierits the pro- 
verbial industry of the ancestral race. She worked 
in the printiug-ollice as long as her assistance was 
needed, ami has by her clear understanding and 
good advice also assisted her husband in his labors. 
Mr. Hawley lakes no special interest in politics, 
but is descended from Uepiililican ancestors. He 
belongs to the lodges of the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows and Masonic fraternity, and iv the 
Universalisl Cliiirrh. The Hawley family liave 
been pillars in tlial clinrch tor years and assisted 
in founding the univer.sity of that faith. 

ICHAKL WALTER. No better exami.le 
.. .. ,.if pluck amid discouragements can lie 
III 1% found than in the life of this gentleman, 
who is a prominent groeeryman of Lock- 
port. His industry is tireless, his integrity l)e- 
yond iiueslioii. and his personal [)opularit3' almost 
unbounded. He is liberal-hearted, generous to a 
fault, his good traits of head and heart win for him 
the respect and friendship of all who know iiim, 
while in citizenship he is progressive and energetic. 
Mr. Walter was born in Kleinvvelzheim, Ger- 
many, Utcember (J, 18:!8, but became a resident of 

America in 18.jl. He learned the trade of a shoe- 
maker but after working at it for sometime, he 
became a clerk in the store of .1. S. Finch, snbse- 
(iuentl3- finding fm|iloyment with N. S. Rafferty, 
who was engaged in the clothing business. Tiring 
of indoor life 3 ouug Walter left Lock|)ort in 1859, 
and went to Pike's Peak where he endured all the 
hardships '.vhieh were to be met with in the rough 
mining camps. H" returned to Loekport with but 
little to show for his peril and toil, except the ex- 
perience of human nature which he had gained. 

The smoke of the shots upon Ft. Sumter had 
scarcely- disajipeared, when at the first call for vol- 
unteers young Walter answered by enrolling his 
name in a Loekport artillery comiiany. The date 
of his enlistment was April 19, 18(il, and the term 
three months. At the expiration of that time he 
re-enlisted as a member of Dresser's liattery, and 
was assigned to duty in Battery D. Second Ar- 
tillery. During the severe campaigns of that bat- 
tery he was never absent from his [leist of duty. 
The battery was organizeil at Cairo and mustered 
into service in December, l.^lil. beginning their 
active work at Ft. Donelson, where they partici 
pated ill the entire siege. They tlieii went to 
Pittsburg Landing and on the Friday |iieceding 
the great battle ti.iok up their position, lieing in 
corslant reailiness until the i.ipening of the fierce 
eonllict Sunday, December (i. Hattery D was one 
of those that formed on the advanced line within 
one liundred yards of Sliiloh Church and was not 
surprised at the first onset of the enem}-. 

Battery D accomiianied Gen. (i rant to Corinth 
and subsequently went witli Col. Ben (irierson on 
his famous raid, after wliich they did post duty 
until ordered to join the exiiedilion against \'icks- 
liurg. They accompanied Sherman on his march 
from N'ieksburg to Meridian, Miss., and until inus- 
teied out of the service November 2 1, 1 8(j 1. Mr. 
Waller took part in all the marches, raids ami bat-, 
ties in which the battery [larticipated. His record 
for bravery and devotion to duty was second to 
none, and he received the commendation of his su- 
perior officers and the good will of his comrades. 
At the close of the war Mr. Walter again re- 
turned to Loekport and engaged in business, first 
as a dealer in dry-goods. Disposing of this busi- 



ness he went to Leniont to supei'intend a store and 
tinally on May 25, 1875, he liegan the business in 
wiiieh lie is at present engaged. He was married 
October 16, 1865, to Miss Margaret Pitts, a native 
of this count}', wlio bore him ten cliildren. nine ot 
whom are living. I\Irs. "Walter died in 1881, and 
Mr. Walter was again married in June, 1887, to 
Miss Adline Heron. He is interested in the social 
orders, being b(4h a Mason and Odd Fellow and is 
Commander of Gooding Post, G. A. P., at Lock- 


OWS H. BrKKHAPT. Supervisor of DuPage 
Township, occupies a pleasant home on sec- 
tion 36. He is a well-informed and entcr- 
•^/ prising man, has been engaged in some forru 
of agricultural work since boyhood and commands 
the respect of his fellow-men. He was born in 
Cook County. October 21. 1858, was educatt^d in 
liie public schools and linished the High School 
studies at Lemont. Subsequently he attended a 
business college in Chicago, thus fitting himself for 
a i)ractical siihere of life. 

In 1869, our subject removed with his jiarents 
to Will County, here growing to manhood and be- 
ginning his personal career which has not yet 
taken him from the paternal fireside. He is a Re- 
publican and has been called upon by his associates 
to fdl several ollicial stations. For two terms he 
was Justice of the I'eace, one year Assessor, and in 
the spring of 1890 was elected Township Super- 

Henry Burkhart, father uf our subject, was born 
in Saxony, (Jerniany, January- 26, 1819. to (ieorge 
and Susan C. Burkhart.also natives of that kingdom. 
He was reared to manhood, receiving a fair educa- 
tion in his native tongue, to which since coming to 
America he has by [lersonal effort added a knowl- 
edge of Knglish reading and writing. In 18 15 he 
emigrated, sailing from Bremen to New York in 
forty-two days, and going at once to Erie County, 
N. Y., where he worked as a farm hand for several 
years. There he was married, October 31, 1818. to 
Miss Fredericka Dorre, a German lady of line 
character and useful knowledge. She bore her part 

in the cares and shared in the joj'S that he en- 
countered until February 4, 1886, when she en- 
tered into rest, leaving a wealth of affectionate 

The family of Henry and Susan Burkhart con- 
sisted of seven children, five of whom survive their 
mother. Emma is the wife of Peter AVilliams, 
lixiiig in California, John H. is at home; Charles 
A. lives in Stockton, Cal.; Louisa .is the wife of 
tieorge A. Hills, of Chicago; Amelia is at home. 
In 1819, the father removed from the Empire 
State to Cook County, III., where he remained un- 
1869. He then took up his abode in DuPage 
Township, this county, on the farm that is the 
home of our subject. It comprises eight}' acres, 
devoted principally to gardening, in which line 
of agriculture Mr. Burkhart is meeting with de- 
served success. He began life poor, and by economy 
and industry has gained all that he has of woldly 
goods. His political views are like those of his 
son, in whose public life he rejoices as a fond fa- 
ther will, as a field suited to his talents and indi- 
cating the reputation he bears. 

&EXRY W. OHLENDORF. Among the 
J younger members of the farming commu- 
nity of Crete Township the subject of this 
notice may be proi)crly nu-ntioned as hav- 
ing achit'vcd success in more than an ordinary de- 
gree. He was born Jul}' 17, 1857, at his father's 
homestead on section 35, Crete Township, which is 
now his property, and where he owns nearly three 
hundred acres of some of the finest farming land in 
this part of the State. This is well improved and 
largely devoted to the breeding of fine stock, Mr. 
Ohlendorf making a specially of Holstcin cattle 
and Bcrkshiit swine. He was bred to farm pur- 
suits from his youth, while his natural habits of in- 
dustry and enterprise ensure his continued success 
in his undertakings. 

The subject of this notice is the scion of ji suli- 
stantial old family, lieing the .son of Henry Ohlen- 
dorf, one of the oldest settlers of Crete Townsl^ii) 
and one of its most successful farmers. The latter 



is a native of Hesse Cassel, Germany, aiirl was born 
September 16, 1829. He was reared in his native 
Province, becoming familiar with agricultnral pur- 
suits and obtaining a good education in tiie Ger- 
man tongue. About the time of reacliing liis ma- 
jority his parents, John Henry and Sopliia (Senne) 
Ohlendorf, accompanied by the balance of their 
family, emigrated to the United States, setting out 
on a sailing-vessel from Bremerhaven about It^oO. 
After a nine weeks' voyage they landed in New 
York City, wli(;ncc they proceeded directly to 
Chicago, 111., and from there to Crete Townshii). 

The grandfather of Mr. Ohlcinhirf, upon reach- 
ing his destination, purchased one hundred and 
si.Kt}' ficics of partiallj' improved laud on section 
3.'). wlieri' he liuilt up a eomfortahU' homestead 
and icirifiiurd nitli his godd wife until the marriage 
of their eldest son. They iUen remined to an(_)tli( r 
farm in Crete Township, and when their third son 
was married removed the third lime, buying a 
faiin each time a son was marrie<l, untd the five 
were all (■(ii]if<iital)ly lorate<l. The i)arents liually 
settled on u farm on section 19, where (iiandfather 
Ohlendorf died iul!SS2. He had then arrived at 
the advanced age of neaily eighty years. His 
widow, who is now ncaily eight}' yerus old, is still 
living, making hei' home with iicr son, August. 
Uoth were memb?rs for many years of the Lutheran 

Henry .1. C)hlendorf, the father of our subject, 
was the eldest of live sons and two daughters born 
to his |iaicuts. all of whom were natives of (ier- 
many and live of whom are still living, four of 
them being in this county. Ileni'v .1. vvas mar- 
ried to Miss Minnie Arkenberg, who was born in 
the Kingdom of li.anover, and who was quite 
j'oung when her parents emigrated to America. 
They likewise settleil in Cj'cte T(.)wnshi|) and died 
there. Mrs. Ohlendorf is still livini; and is n(jw 
|)ast fifty years of age. She has liecn from early 
youth a consistent member of the Lutheran Church. 
To her and her iiusban<l tiiere was born a familv 
of four children, one of whom, a son, .lohn, died 
at the age of eleven years; Henry W., our subject, 
was the eldest born; Emily is the wife of Henry 
Trebold, a farmer of Crete Township; Kegina lives 
with her mother in Crete. 

The subject of this notice received a careful 
parental training, attended the district schools in 
his native township and grew up healthful in 
mind and body with strength and courage for the 
battle of life. When reaching his majority, he 
crossed the Atlantic to visit the scenes of his 
father's early years and his grandfather's home. 
This proved not onl}' a pleasant but a very valu- 
able exi)erience, and he returned feeling that the 
time and money thus employed could not have 
been spent in a wiser manner. Subsequently he 
was married, in Crete Township, to Miss Mary 
llartmaun. Jlrs. Ohlendiirf was born in this town- 
shii) June 18, 18Gl,and is the daughter of J(.ihn 
and Ellen (liehrens) ilartmann, who were likewise 
natives of (icrmany and early settlers of this town- 
ship, and who are now residents of Crete. Mrs. 
Ohlendorf is a lady of more tlian ordinary intelli- 
gence, and by her union with our subject has be- 
come the mother of f<.iur bright children — Agnes, 
Charles O., "Walter and Ida. Both our subject and 
his wife were trained in the doctrines of the Luth- 
eran Church, t> which they faithfully adiiere. Po- 
litically. jMr. ()hlend(U'f is a stanch supporter of the 
Uei)ublican party. He has been tax collector of 
his townshii) for the past year and is a man in 
whom tlie community has entire confidence. He 
is reliable in liis business transactions and as a 
farmer, skillful and progressive, and in all respects 
is proving a worthy representative of one of the 
leading families of this section. 

&()N. I'llKl) KAUKA. It is probable that 
!.o resident of Beecher is more widely 
known than the Hon. Fred Kauka, a retired 
farmer and ex-Rei)resentative. He was 
born in Ilesse-Cassel, Germany, November 17, 
1823, and lost his father when very young. His 
mother married again, and slie and his stepfather 
died after oui' subject became a resident of the 
Cnited States. He grew to matuiity in the land 
of his birth, receiving an excellent education in his 
native tongue. He married Miss Mary Hasenjaer, 
and after the liirth of one child the young couple 




set sail fur the Inited Stutes, leavint;' Breiiu liiaven 
on the "Gacta," Capt. Iloiiien coinraaiuliiig. After 
a voyage of seven weeks they landed in tiie Ameri- 
can metropolis, whence they went direct to Chicago. 
Mr. Kauiia settled fourteen miles west of that 
city, remaining there from 1S47 to \X:>i, at wiiich 
time he became a resilient of Will County, lie 
secured one hundred and sixty acies of Govern- 
ment land on section 13. \\'ashington Township, 
his homestead being surrounded by unbroken lands 
devoid of habitation. lie inii)roved the estate, 
seeing cultivated fields gradually take the place of 
the primitive sod, and various improvements spring 
up about him. The enterprise which he displayed 
redounded to his credit, and he became known as 
one of tlie most judicious and enterprising farmers 
in this vicinity. After some years he sold his fer-* 
tile estate and bought five acres on section 21, near 
the town of Beecher. Here he has made his iionu; 
since 1881, retired from the arduous labors of 
farm life, while yet surrounded with all which 
makes country living pleasant. 

Mrs. Kaukft was born in Hesse-Cassel, August 25, 
1823, and is the daughter of natives of that Duchj', 
who were of pure German stock. They came to 
America three years after their daughter, and set- 
tling in this count}', died here at an advanced age. 
They were members of the Lutheran Church, as 
were also the parents of Mr. Kauka. They were 
the parents of one sou and three daughters, three 
of whom are now living in Illinois and one in Iowa. 
Mrs. Kauka was the third in order of birth, and 
like her brother and sisters w'as carefully reared 
and well educated in her native land. She is an 
excellent housewife, a kind neighbor and a devoted 
wife and mother. .She is the mother of seven chil- 
dren, all now settled in homes of their own. Caro- 
line is the wife of .lacub Fiahm and lives on a farm 
in Saunders County. Neb.; Mary is the wife of 
Henry Letz, who ofjcrates a farm in Washington 
Townshii), this county; Sophia married Fred (iev- 
ckc, who is farming in Fillmore County, Neb.; Liz- 
zie is the wife of Peter Blayne and resides in 
Beeclur; Fred II. married Emma Hattendorf, their 
home being in Chicago; Ellen is the wife of Thomas 
Peterson, a mechanic in Chicago; Lavina married 
Fred Uorman, a mdkman in Chicago. 

In 1877 Jlr. Kauka elected by the Republi- 
cans of this county to represent them in the State 
Legislature, and re-elected in 1S7'.>. Ileserveil 
on the committees of Agriculture anil Horticulture 
during the entire time that he was in the Legisla- 
ture, anil he also acted on special committees on 
Mining, Manufacturing and Penitentiary. As a 
committeeman he was painstaking and jmlicioiis, 
and lii> friends have no reason to be ashamed of 
tlie record whicli he u'ade in tlie legislative halls. 
As a local ollicial he has served in various olHces, 
among them being those of Township Collector, 
Suiiervisor, Commissioner of Highways, and Justice 
of the Peace. In the latter ollice his term of serv- 
ice amounted to si.xteen 3'ears. This fact alone is 
proof that his fellow-men regard him as upright, 
intelligent, and intcrestccl in the best good of his 
fellow-men. lie and ids estimable wife attend the 
Congregational Church of Beecher. 

/^-, HARLES PETTIGREW. On the opposite 
i'l^_, page appears a portrait of this gentlemen, 
^ftiJ' who is Superintendent of the Illinois Steel 
Works. He has for man}' years been intimately 
connected with the business intereists of Joliet and 
is recognized everywhere .as a man liberal and pub- 
lic-spirited and of more than ordinary ability. He 
was President of the first Building and Loan Asso- 
ciation organized in the (dace and held the ofllce 
until the press of oilier business ci.)m|iellM| his res- 

One of tlic licst countries on the face of the 
globe claims Mr. I'ctligrew as her son, he hav- 
ing been born in Lanarkshire, Scotland, February 
1. 1.S14. His [larents were .lohn and Agnes 
(llislop) Pettigrew, -vvho were likewise of Scotch 
liirtli and ancestry ; they are both living and arc 
now residents of Scotland. The father for matiy 
years was engaged in the grocer}' trade and was a 
man noted for his sturdy, honesty and reliability. 
The parental household included eight children: 
John is a resident of Joliet; Charles, our subject, is 
the second child; Ellen. Mrs. Scott, lives with her 
husljand in Melbourne, Australia; Isabel remains 



in her native Scotland; Gavin, who resides in the 
city of London, England, is engaged in the mer- 
cantile bnsiness; Andrew is proprietor of a dry- 
goods establishment in the city of Glasgow, Scot- 
land. One child, also named Isabel, died in infancy, 
and Agnes when about twenty years of age. 

The subject of this notice spent his boyhood 
days in his native village of Lanark, and after a 
brief time spent in school went into the cotton fac- 
tory of the Lanark Spinning Company, where he 
remained seven years and until a youth of eigh- 
teen. Then, determining upon a change of occupa- 
tion, he repaired to the city of Glasgow and served 
an apprenticeship of five years at the trade of a 
machinist. Not yet satisfied with the condition of 
his prospects he, in 18G7, crossed the Atlantic and 
making his way to Chicago, 111., followed his trade 
tiierc until 1870. 

In August, of the year above mentioned, Mr. Petti- 
grew came to Jolieland entered the employ of what 
is now known .as the Illinois Steel Company but 
wliat was then the Union Coal, Iron and Transptir- 
latiou Company, of which A. 1>. Meeker, was Presi- 
dent. His fortunes now began to mend perceptibly 
and here he has since remained. My strict atten- 
tion to Ills duties he secured the confidence of his 
em|ili)yers and in 1872 promoted to the fore- 
mansliip of the machine shop. A year later he was 
made INIaster Mechanic with its attendant duties 
and responsiliilitles. In 1882 he became Assistant 
Superintendent and in 18S9, was appointed Super- 
intendent, which otrice he still lills to the entire 
satisfactitin of all. 

Upon becoming a voting citizen Mr. Pettigrew 
iilentified himself with the Republican party, but he 
has meddled very little in politics with the excep- 
tion of serving as an Alderman of the First Ward 
for two years. He took unto himself a wife and 
helpmate in June, 18G9, Miss Agnes, daughter of 
Daniel and Agnes (Stewart) Cameron. Mrs. Petti- 
grow, like her husband,, is a native of Lanarkshire, 
Scotland, and was born in December, IHlt. Her 
childhood home was in the same town as that of 
her husband. Her [)arents were of Scotch birth 
and ancestr}' and are now deceased. To Mi', and 
Mrs. Pettigrew there hare lieen born three chil- 
dren, the eldest of whom, a daughter, Kdith Stew- 

art, is the wife of H. II. Delos and lives in Chicago. 
The other daughters, Agnes and Clara I>elle, are at 
home with their parents. The Pettigrew family 
occupies a tasteful and commodious residence at 
No. 709 Collins Street, and is numbered among 
the first families in the social circles of the city. 

ENRY COLE. One of the hnest farms 
within the limits of Crete Townsiiip is 
owned and occupied by Mr. Cole, who is 
recognized as one of its leading citizens. 
This comprises his father's old homestead, embrac- 
ing four hundred and ten acres, finely located and 
improved, well watered, and plentifully supplied 
with timber. Among its valuable features is a 
mineral spring which is utilized by l:)oth the pro- 
prietor and outsiders. 

The main points in the history of the subject of 
this notice are as follows: He is the son of the 
well-known Erastus Cole, a native of New Hamp- 
shire and of English descent. The latter when a 
child of three years was taken by his parents to 
Herkimer County, N. Y., where he was reared and 
e<lucated, and where he lived until forty years old. 
In the meantime he learned cabinet-making, which 
he followed in the Empire State until 1838, and in 
that j-ear he came to Illinois, an unmarried man 
and secured a tract of Government land, which 
land is now comprised in the farm occupied by his 
st)n Henry, and which he secured at a land sale in 
fUiicago. It embraced a part of Sections 5, 6, 7 
and 8, in what is now Crete Township, and there he 
spent the remainder of his life, dying in 1864, when 
sixty-six years old. 

Erastus Cole was an honest, hard-working man 
who gained a competence through his own efforts. 
Possessed of more than ordinary intelligence, and 
decided in his views, he was first a member of the 
Whig |)arty, a stanch Abolitionist during the 
slavery days, and died firml}' grounded in Re- 
publican doctrines. His religious views accorded 
with those of the old school Baptist church. After 
coming to Illinois he was married in Danville to 
Mrs. Martha (Boardraan) Gilbert. This lady was 



lioni ill Ruslivillc To\vnsliii>. Ontario C'oimly, X. 
Y., ill ISIO. and lauiu of American i)ai-(_Mitagi'. Slio 
grew to woiiKiiilioou in ber native rouiity, and was 
lliere nianii'd to Asel Gillicrt. They lived in Niw 
Yuiic Stall' until about 1835, llien caiiu' to Illinois 
and settled in'ar Danville, wbeie Mr. (iilljeil en- 
gaged in farming and died. To Mr. and Jlrs. ( i 11- 
bert were born three eliildreii, all of wboiu are now 

Mrs. Cole proved the true helpmate of ber bus- 
band in all his worliiy un<lertakings, and contributed 
by her good judgment and frugalit}-, largely to bis 
success. She survived him a number of 3'cars, and 
died at her home in Crete February 28, l«7(),at the 
age of sixty years. For some time she had been a 
member of llie Congregational Cbiireb. Of ber 
union with Mr. Cole there were born three children, 
two ilaiighters and a son. The eldest, Kinina, was 
married to D. P. Shoemaker, and liied in 1880 in 
LaPorte County. Ind., at the age of thirty-eight 
years, leaving two sons. Jlr. Shoemaker is still 
living and a resident of Inilian.a. Mis.s Fllen Cole 
is unmarried and a resident of .loliet. Henry, our 
subject, was the eldest born, lie was reared on the 
farm and lonipleted his studies at the village schools 
of Crete. 

.Mr. Cole was married in Crete April 22. l.S(;2. to 
Miss Lucy A., daughter of ( ». U. ami Lydia (Skin- 
ner) Bordwell. IMrs. Cole was born April ."), 18-1,'), 
in Shelburne, iNlass.. of which State her parents 
were also natives au'l where they were reared and 
married. They came to Illinois in 1854, settling In 
Crete, but in 18GG removed to Manteno where they 
are now living retired from active labor. JMr. 
Bordwell is seventy-eight years old, while his esti- 
mable wife is a year his senior. They are greatly 
respected in their communit}'. and possess all the 
traits of character which made them kind and in- 
dulgent [)arenls and hospitable neigbljors. 

To tlu^ parents of Mrs. Cole there was boi-n u. 
family of six ehildren, three of whom are living, 
and of whom she was the foui tli In order of birth. 
She was a child of nine years when her parents came 
to Crete, where she w,as reared to womanhood and 
obtained her education in the village school. Of 
her union with our.stlbject there have been born 
six children — Laura E., Willard M., Ada B., Frank 

\V., Inez O. and Ray K. They are all at home 
with their [larents, with the exception i)f Ada, who 
is the wife of William I';. Hall, and who resides at 
Manteno. this State. 

Mr. Cole, politically, is a strong supporter of Re- 
publican principles, and has been prominent in local 
affairs, serving as Township Assessor eight years; 
Road Commissioner four years, and School ])irector 
for many years. 

REEMAN 11. ROBERTSON, editor and 
; proprietor of the Peotone Eagh\ is a native 
of the (;r;uiite State, and [lossesses marked 
charaeleristics of the Yankee race. He is the sec- 
ond of three children born to John W. and Martha 
T. (Huntoon) Robertson, who were also natives of 
New Hatnpshire, and spent all their wedded life 
therein except two years. During that period they 
resided in New York, where the hiisliand died in 
l'S."i5. The widow survived until 1875. 

The town (jf Franklin was the birtli|)lace of our 
subject, and .Mayo, IS-l:!, bis natal day. He ob- 
I:iined a comuujn-school education, and at the age 
of eleven years took up the labors of life by be- 
ginning the trade of a printer. He (inished bis 
apprenticeshii) in the ollice of the Sintismaii at 
Concord, when sixteen years old, s[)ending the fol- 
lowing two and a half years in advaficing his 
sli'(|ies and improving bis mind. 

Coming to Illinois in laO."), Mr. Robertson 
workeil on the Peoria 7V(«/i,«vv})/ a year and a half, 
then found employment in the Democrat office, in 
Henry. A twelvemonth later he went to lown, 
and entered the olliee of the Bedford SnulhiroM, at 
Bedford, remaining there liut a year, and thence 
going t<j Mount Ayr. where he bought a half in- 
terest in the Ringgold liecord. After a brief so- 
journ of eight months he sold out. and removing 
to Dakota Citv, Neb., purchased a lialf interest in 
the Dakota City Mall, retaining it but a twelve- 
month, when be again changed his location, first 
selling his share in the journal. 

Madison was the next home of Mr. Robertson, 
and his enterprise the i)urchase and publication of 



the Review, wbicb he solil after a j-ear, buying in- 
stead the plant of tlie uhl Uakota City Mail, awA 
removing it to Stanton. In that town lie published 
a paper two years, then moved the plant to Mis- 
souri Valley, Iowa, continuiiig his journalistic 
labors there until an accident brought them to a 
close. A runaway team had caused a fracture of 
his skull, and six months after beginning his work 
there Mr. Robertson was obliged to close out his 

The ne-st iiewsi)aper venture of l\Ir. Robertson 
was at Oilman, 111., where he ran the AnjuSy Cres- 
cent City .S««and Laliogue AV«i; at the same time, 
also carrying on an office and publishing a sheet 
called the Panhandle Advocate, at Piper. The 
olhce at Gilman was burned, in 1884, entailing 
ui>(>n our subject the loss of all his machinery, pa- 
per an<l other material. His spirit was undaunted, 
and he was soon in the possession of the Gowrie 
Keqislei\ at Gowrie, Iowa, the plant of which he 
subsequently removed to Grand Junction, later 
selling it and returning to the Prairie State. 

Entering an office at Kankakee, Mr. Robertson 
remained there until November, 1889, when he 
became editor of the Sunday Hero, in Chicago, 
leaving tliat city to begin an enterprise in Peotone 
for which be saw a good opening. His work there 
was begun May 10, 1890. and already the Eagle is 
linding its way into many a household, continually 
growing in favor. "Ye editor" adds to his native 
energy the training given by years of experience 
amid varied surrounilings, and such is his 
shrewdness that be wins success where many a man 
would see nothing Init disaster. lie wields a facile 
pen, observes keenly, judges quickl}', and judi- 
ciously selects matter for publication. 

The choice of a companion is an important step 
in a man's life, and fortunate is he who chooses 
well. The lady who sliares the joys and sorrows 
of Mr. Kohertson became his wife in 1H69, jirior 
to which time she bore tbe name of .Sarah llerold. 
Sh? is a daughtei- of Amos and Margaret (Gander) 
llerolil, who liveil in Ohio many years. The mother 
was born in that Stale and the father in Virginia. 
Mrs. llerold died in 1.S19. and Mr. llerold after- 
ward went to California. Returning to the States 
he married again and renu.ived to Livingston 

County, 111., dying there in 1873. llis llrst mar- 
riage resulted in tbe bii'th of seven children. His 
daughter Sarah, Mrs. Robertson, was born March 
14, 1814. She is a capable housewife, an honored 
member of society, and a loving wife and mother. 
She has one son, Willie H., a bright lad who has 
already been working at the printing business a 
year and a half. 

Mr. and Mrs. Robertson belong to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and have good standing among 
its members. He belongs to the Ancient Odd Fel- 
lows. In politics he is a Republican, and no man 
in the party has more abounding faith in its (irin- 
ciples, or is more interested in its advancement than 
he. Although Mr. and Mrs. Robertson have been 
so short a time in Peotone they have shown the 
qualities of mind and character that win friends, 
and are likely to be the center of a large circle as 
they Ijecome better known. 

■^^NESHIA MEERS, LL. B. The legal pro 
l^ fession is represented in .loliet liy severa 
'J_ ^ — --i] men of pronounced ability and erudition ini 
the law, who are an honor to the legal brotherhood 
and to the comraunit3' of which they form a part. 
When a young man assumes a prominent place 
among them, rising in tbe esteem of his associates 
and extending his practice, these facts indicate his 
possession of a high degree of professional skill and 
knowledge,and the manners which win success and 
respect. Such has been the case with the subject 
of this sketch, who began his pr.actice in the city 
in the fall of 1876, and whose office in the Masonic 
Building is pointed out as that of one of the prom- 
inent and rising attorneys and counselors of the 
nourishing town. 

Tbe [)arents of our subject, Dennis and Anna 
(llalloran) Meers, were born in Ireland and came 
to tiie United States soon after their marriage, their 
first location being in Massachusetts. They after- 
ward lived in other Eastern States, the husband 
being engaged in railroad work and contracting. 
In New York City and the State of New Jersey the 
greater part of bis life was spent. In 1875 with 



his family he removed to .Toliet, 111., where he en- 
gaged in the hardware business. He continued the 
same until his death, in June, 1888, having asso- 
ciated with him ins son Roljert, wlio still carries on 
the business. Mr. Meers belonged to the Demo- 
crat party, and although always ready to cast his 
vote, had never been an office seeking politician, 
being always a busy man, whose attention was 
given exclusively to his personal affairs. lie had 
re.iohod the age of seventy-two years, when he 
breatiied his last; his widow still lives. Both be- 
longed to St. Mary's Catholic Church before the 
division of the parish, after which they were num- 
bered among the early members of the Sacred Heart 
Church, and helped to build the church edifice. 

The birth of E. Meers took place in Bloomsburj-, 
N. J., February 15, 1854, aud his youthful days 
were spent in his native State and New York Citj'. 
He was educated at Seton Hall College, a well- 
known Catholic institution, located at Orange, N. 
J., and of which Father Corrigan, now Arch-bishop 
of New York, was President. After completing 
his studies in that institution young Meers assisted 
his father in his work of contracting until the re- 
moval to the West. He theii read law witii Messrs. 
Olin & Phelps, and with the late Judge IMcRobcrts, 
taking his lectures at the Universitj- of Michigan, 
in Ann .\rbor, where he was graduated in the class 
of '7G. 

Returning to Joliet Mr. Meers began the prac- 
tice with C. W. Brovvn, a prominent attorney of 
this city, with whom he remained four years, or 
until the election of Mr. Brown to the position of 
States Attornej'. He then opened an office for 
himself, and continuing to practice alone, has 
proved very successful in acquiring business and 
in winning cases which have been given into his 
hands. He is a vigorous pleader, able at will to 
employ the shafts of wit which are so peculiar to 
the Irish race, and which so thoroughly impress 
a point upon the hearers; he is well versed in the 
principles of equity and in legal precedents, and in 
all respects a worthy disciple of Coke and Black- 

Mr. Meers served two terms as Citj- Attorney. 
holding the office from 1870 until 1883. He has 
not run for any other office, although an active 

worker in the ranks of the Democrat party. Dur 
ing the Presidential campaigns he has always taken 
a prominent part in the canvass, making speeches 
and aiding his party .as much as possible. He 
l>elongs to the Independent Order of Foresters; 
Catholic Order of Foresters; vVucicnt Order of 
Hibernians; and the Irish-American Cbib. lie 
belongs to the Church of the Sacred He;irt. Mr. 
Meers is still single, living witli liis mollier in a 
fine home on Third and Kastern Avenues, a licau- 
tiful part of the city, whore his father first built. 

. „, .,?. ? , y ■? .? [, 111. . 

SAAC IIKNRY, a worthy citizen of Plainfield 
Township, where ho is engaged in agriculture, 
came to tin's county as early as 1856 and cast 
his lot with its pioneers. He is a Pennsylvanian 
by birth and his father, .lacob Henry, is supposed 
to have been a native of tlic same State. He 
moved from there to Ohio in 1835, and was an 
early settler of Hichland County. At that time 
that ijart of Ohio was sparsely seltlecl, and but. 
few improvements had been made. Deer and all 
kinds of wild game were plentiful where now are 
fine farms, thriving towns and cities. My. Henry 
bought a tract of timber land, and after building 
a log bduse for the accommodation of his fumily. 
entered upon the hard task of clearing a farm from 
the primeval forests. There were no railroads in 
those days, and Milan, fifty miles distant, was 
the nearest market. Mr. Henry lived thei'e si.x- 
teen years and then sold out and removeil to De- 
fiance County, and buying land there, entered 
upon the task of its improvement. His useful 
career, however, was soon brought to a close, as he 
died there about one j'car later. The maiden 
name of his wife was Christiana Coulser, and she 
was a native of I'enn.sylvania. In 18G0 she re- 
moved to Wisconsin, and after living there a short 
time, to Orundy County, Iowa, and later to Marion 
County, Mo., and there died. 

The subject of this sketch was five years old 
when he removed with his parents to Ohio, and 
there he was reared under pioneer iiilluences to the 
life of a farmer. When the faniil}' I'enuned to 



Defiance County lie bought a tract of timber land 
and built there. Thinking to better himself by 
lemoving to Illinois, he came here in 1856, and 
was eniijloyed in a cabinet shop for a year. He 
then went to Michigan City, Ind., but after a stay 
there of two months returned to his own home, 
and the followirig year aijain came to Illinois. He 
engaged in farming, working land on shares for 
fight years, and then purchased the place where he 
now resides, on section K^, Plainfield Township. 
It comprises eighty acres of land of exceptional 
fertility, and he has it under good improvement, 
and has made here a comfortable and cozy home. 
Jlr. Henry is. no (h;uibt, greatly indebted to the 
aid he has received from his ca[)able, heliiful 
wife, to whom he was united in marriage in IS.jS. 
Her maiden name was Sarah Smith and she was a 
daughter of ('. Y. .Smith, of whom see sketch on 
anotiier page of this work. The i)lcasant home 
circle of our subject and wife is completed by the 
five children born to tlu'in, namely: Mary M., 
Clara 'SI.. 'Werner L., Laura and Frank. A simple, 
upright, indeiiendent man, Mr. Henry liears a good 
reputation and is held in genuine vesiiect for his 
sterling qualities. He has made his way in the 
world by persistent indnstrj-. and by the careful 
management of his affairs to a phu-e among our sub 
substantial citizens. 

• ^ ^-^-^ ^^ 

/p^KORGK II. IIARSHr.AR(;i<:R is classed 
III (— _ among the leading agriculturists of Flain- 
^^J field Township, and there is no finer or 
better improved farm in all the county than his. 
He was born in I'enn's A'alley, Center County, Pa., 
•lanuary 27, 1829. His fatlier, John Harshl)arger, 
was of German descent. The grandfather of our 
sid'ject was a native of that cfiuntry. and was there 
reared ami married, and sulisequently came to 
America and settled in Pennsylvania, and there 
passed tlie remainder uf liis life on liis farm in 
Penn's V.alley. 

The father of our subject was bred to agricul- 
tural pursuits, and followed farming profitably for 
many years, until his life was brought to a close in 

his comfortable home in Penn's Valley, at the age 
of sixty-three years. The maiden name of his vvife 
was Mary Risliel. and she was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania. After the death of her husband she went 
to live in llublersburgh. Center County, and there 
passed aw.ay in February, 181)0, at the venerable 
age of eighty-five years. She reared six sons and 
four daughters to good and useful lives. 

The son of whom we write received his educ i- 
tion in the district school, and was earlj' set to 
woik on the farm and obtained a practical knowl- 
edge of agriculture, continuing to live with his 
parents until 1844. In that year he commenced 
to learn the trade of a carpenter, which he followed 
in Pennsylvania until 1817, when he concluded to 
come West to try life on the prairies of Illinois. 
He took the most expeditious route at the time, 
and by foot and stage made his w.ay to Erie, Pa., 
and from there by the Lakes to Chicago, where he 
embaiked on the canal for Lockport, and from that 
place he went to Jlorris, (irundj' County. There 
he f<uuid emplovmenl at his trade the ensuing- 
three months, anil then he toi.ik up his residence in 
Plainfield, continuing here as a carpenter an<1 
tuiilder until 1878. He had previously bought his 
present farm, and he then decided to devote him- 
self entirely to its management. It is pleasantly 
located on section 8. one mile west of Plainfield, 
and contains one hundred and tv/enty acres of 
finely-tilled land. It is exceptionally well im- 
proved, having ui>wards of five miles of tile, and 
is amply provided with neat and commodious 
buildings, and raidcs as one of the finest pieces of 
pr<i|)erty in this section of the country. 

Mr. Ilarshbarger has been twice marrieil, his 
first marriage, which occurred in Plainfield, being 
to aiiss Harriet Baker, a native of Ohio. Her death 
in lS(i2 deprived him of a true and faithful wife, 
and their four ehildicn — T.acy. Frank, Seldon and 
Anna — of a good motiier. Our subject was again 
married, taking as a helpmate Mrs. Sophia Hoay, 
lire Barney, a native of New York State, and to 
tliem have come two children — Mabel and John. 
M\\ Harshbarger's daughter, Tacy, married Thomas 
Hayes and resides in Plainfield. His daughter, 
Anna, married "Wilson Davis, and also lives in 
Plainfield. Mabel is the wife of Frank G. Gaskiu, 



of riainlit'lil. Frank rosiiies in Sonionauk, tliis 
StiUo. and Seklon, in Kendall County, 111. 

Mr. Ilarshliaruer is endowed witii a sonnd nnder- 
.standing. deei.-ion of eliarncter. and other traits 
that have enabled him to make his own wa\ in 
the world without the adventitious aids of fortune 
and birth to an indeiiendenl position among his 
fellow-townsmen. He and his wife are highly re- 
garded in this community, where they have lived 
for immy yeais, and have the warm friendship of 
many of their fellow-citizens, as they are social, 
hospitable people, making their liome attractive to 
all who cross its threshhold. They are valued 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
do all they can for the good work in which it is 

SillOMAS HILE.S. Northern Illinois has long 
been known as a land where fine crojis are 
garnered and- fertile fields abound. Among 
the ver}' productive estates which are included 
within its borders maj- be mentioned that of Thomas 
Ililes, located on section 20, Wesley Townsliip, 
along the banks of the Kankakee River. A vast 
amount of labor has been performed here in order 
to redeem this acreage from its condition as a part 
of the primeval forest, and prepare the soil to bring 
forth abundantlj- to the full extent of its capacity. 

Mr. Ililes is an Englishman, born in December, 
\X21. and as the son of a farmer had fewer priv- 
ileges in the educational line than arc afforded that 
class in free America. Although his schooling was 
quite limited and his book learning is therefore 
somewhat meagre, he possesses native intelligence 
and quickly comprehends all that is going on about 
him. At the age of twelve j'ears he began working 
out for farmers, continuing to support himself in 
this manner until he had reached his majority. 
Having decided that in America he would find op- 
portunities for advancement not afforded in his 
native land, he bade adieu to home and friends and 
crossed the broad Atlantic. 

Mr. Ililes landed at Philadelphia a friendless 
stranger, with about $50 as a capital with which to 

begin his laliors. He came directly to Cook Counly, 
III., where for nine months he worked on a farm. 
In the spring of lS.",ii he came into Wesley Town- 
ship. Will County, entered the employ of Elijah 
Freer for two years, and (lien purchased eighty 
acres of the land whirh he has brought to so excel- 
lent a condition, lie had but few neighbors. He 
erected a frame hcmse and began clearing the land, 
doing all the labor (if felling trees, etc., himself. 
From time to time he fulded to his farm other tim- 
bered lands, which he cleared in succession until he 
now lias two hundred and ten acres of improved 
land, abdut two hundred acres of which were 
cleared by himself. This is a record which has 
been made by few even of our most enterprising 
farmers, and Mr. Ililes deserves great credit for 
that which he has accomplished in redeeming the 
fertile land to man's use. He is engaged in general 
farming, and successfully pursuing his vocation. 

Mr. Ililes and Miss Sarah Carpenter were joined 
in holy wedlock September 5, 1852, and lived hap- 
pily together until February 24, IH.SO, when the 
wife was called hence. She was a dau'i-hter of 
Charles and Abigail (Milliman) Carpenter, natives 
of the Empire State, who removed to Illinois about 
the time of the Black Hawk War. The occupation 
of Mr. Carpenter was tilling the soil. He and his 
wife are now deceased. Mrs. Sarah Ililes was born 
January 17, 1835. She bore her husband six chil- 
dren, the record of the survivors being as follows: 
Mary, born January 1. 1857, is the wife of Mike 
Miller, of Joliet, and the mother of six children- 
Fred M. was born October 21, 1867; Benjamin T. 
February 15. 1 8,S0. 

A second mati-imonjal alliance contr.acled l)y 
Mr. Ililes February 1, 1881. His bride on this 
occasion was Aseiieth Ilamblin, who was born 
May 29, 1h;32, in Onondaga County, N. Y. She 
received a good education in the district .schools, 
and upon the foundation thus laid has reared a 
structure of wide knowledge through extensive 
reading and keen observation. She is an active 
worker in the Sunday-school, was constantly en- 
gaged as a teacher while in New York, and is a 
willing worker in the promulgation of evcrry oood 
cause. Her home is not neglected, but is conducted 
in such a way that the domestic machinerv- moves 


siDOdtlily. and every comfort .surroiiiuls llie niom- 
bers of the home circle. 

The parents of Mrs. lliles were Aimer I. and 
Electa (Nearliig) Hamblin, natives of Jlassachii- 
sctts and Connecticut respectively. They becanie 
husb.ind and wife in the Eniiiire State, and there 
continued to reside until their death, 'llieir home 
was in Madison County, where Mrs. Hamblin 
breathi'd her last August (i, l.SG.'?, and her husl)and 
March l.'i, 1875. Both were active participants in 
church work, and Mr. Hamblin was a farmer. Mrs. 
Hiles was the ninth of the eleven children born to 
tlieni, of whom seven survive at this writing. 

Mr. Hiles has always taken an active interest in 
l)olitics, and gives his vote to the Repulilican 
party, liefore lie left his native land he liecame a 
member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows, 
bill not been idenlilied with lodges of that fra- 
ternity in America. He now holds the office of 
Township Trustee, in which he served for fifteen 
years past, and is also a Director of the local School 
Board. He has served as Patiiniaster. He and his 
wife beb)ng to the Metiiodist Episcopal Churcli. 

i|/,_ ON. AUOrST W. BERGGREX, Warden 
11)^1 of the Illinois State Penitentiary at .lolict, 
.'-AW^' has held several important oflicial stations 
(^! in other parts of this State, and won a high 
reputation for his uprightness, good judgment and 
I)ublic spirit. He was apfjointed to the position lie 
now holds in April, 1S80, and took charge on M.ay 
1st, following. He is a native of the Scandanavian 
Peninsula, his liirtliplace Sweden, and his natal 
day August 17, 1840. His parents were .Tohn and 
Catherine Berggrcn, the latter of wlnim died in 
tlieir native land, leaving to her husband's care 
six sons and one daughter. 

In 1H.56 the widower and his family came to 
America, drawn to cross the briny deep by the ac- 
counts they had heard of the " land of the free and 
the home of the brave," and its opportunities for 
all whcf desire to rise in the social scale or improve 
their worldly condition. A location was selected 
at Oneida, this State, lull tlie father subsequently 

went to Glendale, Iowa, w!iere he breathed his last 
in 186.3. Two of his children have also passed 
away: Peter Anton died in the Hawkeye State, 
in 18G.3; and Anna Christina in Knox Count}', 
this State, the year after her arrival in America. 
The surviving members of the fraternal band are: 
.Tohn firic, a Methodist Episcopal minister, now 
retired and living in Iowa; Louis G., a farmer in 
Polk County, Neb. ; Charles, a stonemason in Gar- 
rison, Kan.; he of whom we write; and William, a 
farmer in Pettis County, Mo., who holds the ollice 
of Justice of the Peace. 

In his native land August W. Berggren was ap- 
prenticed to the tailor's trade, serving two years. 
After reaching the Western Continent he worked 
at his trade both in Galesburg and Monmouth, 
this State. His workmanship was alwa3's to be re- 
lied upon, and his citizenship was equally trust- 
worth}'. p]re long these facts were recognized by 
his fellow-citizens, and while still quite young he 
was placed in public office. In 18G9 he was elected 
.Tustice of the Peace, in 1872 became Sheriff, and 
to the latter station was re-elected in 1874, 1876 
and 1878. A still higher honor awaited him, his 
friends desiring his services in a more iin|)ort;uit 
function, to which his intelligence, interest In pub- 
lic welfare, and keen perception of its needs fitted 
him. In 1880, therefore, he vpas sent to the Senate, 
representing the Twenty-second District, composed 
of Knox and Mercer Counties. I<"our years later 
he was returned to the Senatorial body as a mem- 
ber from the same district, then composed of Knox 
and Fulton Counties. During the last session of 
his second term Senator Berggren was President 
pro tern of the Senate. His record as a lawmaker 
is a matter of history and well known to his con- 
stituents, whose cordial esteem he has won by his 
position on the side of all that is elevating and 

The Hon. Mr. Berggren is quite interested in 
social and benevolent orders, and is identified with 
the Knight Templars and the Independent Order of 
Odd Fellows. He has been President of the Cove- 
nant IMutual Benefit Association of Illinois, located 
at Galesburg, since its organization in 1877, and he 
is also a Director in the (iaicsburg Bank. 
He chose ns his companion in life a .Swedish lady, 

^^^^<n/A /y;/^/.^ 



Miss Cliristiiin Nasliiml, llioir niarringe hciiiL; cele- 
brated March 8, 18()(i. Mrs. Berf,'<;ron excels in 
lioiisewifery, is iiitelligenl and refined, and wiUi a 
ciianicter wliicli causes her tu he higiil}- regarded 
liy all to whom sho is known. The union has been 
hlessed by the birth of six children — C'apitola 
Maud, Guy Werner, Iia][)h Augustus, Clans En- 
gene, Jay Valentine and Earl Hugo. The daught(!r 
is finel3' educated, being a graduate of Knox Col- 
lege, anfl the others have also received excellent 
a<Jvantages proportionate to their years. Death 
lias entered the family circle, removing from its 
midst the son and l)rother, Ralph Augustus, who 
was .accidentally killed by a gravel train on the 
Santa Fc, (in Mav 2(i, 18S7. 

Ur@^ bears the reputation of being one of the 
1 ^ busiest persons in the city of Joliet. He is 
in the enjoyment of a large and lucrative practice, 
and is widely and favorabl}- known throughout 
Will Count}', whore thus far he has spent his entire 
life. He was born February 8, 1858, in Joliet, and 
is the son of William and Barbara (Goebel) Wer- 
ner, who were natives of (Jermany. The mother 
while single emigrated to America, in 18L'i, and 
the father a few years lat«r. 

The Werner family is of pure (!erman stock, 
as far back as is known, and po.sses.sed in a marked 
degree the substantial and reliable traits peculiar to 
that nationality. They were unusually well edu- 
cated, conforming to the laws of their native land, 
which required that a child should be [ilaccd in 
school at the age of six years, and pursue his stud- 
ies until fourteen. 

The father of our subject ^yas traiucil to habiis 
of in<lu?try in liis youth, learning the trade of a 
stone mason, developing into a contractor and 
builder. Lpon coming to America he settled in 
Will County, III., and departed this life M.ay 20, 
1887. The mother bore the maiden name of Bar- 
bara (Jocbcl. 'Wvi parents were married in Joliet, 

and Mrs. Werner now makes her home with the 
Doctor. The household circle iuchided seven 
children, the clilcsl of whom, u daughter, Eliza- 
beth died when two years old ; Annie Marie died 
in infancy; Frederick W., our subject, was the 
third child: Louis Charles Frederick died when 
about eighteen months old; Frederick Charles is 
engaged as a harness-maker and living in Joliet; 
George Washington, a veterinary surgeon of good 
repute, makes his home in Kansas City, Mo.; Ed- 
ward Herbert is one of the leailir.g dental surgeons 
of Joliet. It will be observed that these children 
were named in honor of the patriots of both Ger- 
many and .Vmcrica. 

Dr. Werner in his lioyhood days attended the 
city schools of Joliet, and when approaching man- 
hood began the study of medicine under the in- 
struction of Dr. A. W. Ileise, in the winter of 
187t;-77. Later he entered the medical depart- 
ment of the Michigan .State University, and after- 
ward Bellevue Hospital Medical College, New 
York City, from which he graduated March 1, 
1880. Returning then to his native city, he 
opened an otHce, and his career has lieen one of 
uniform prosperitj'. 

In [lolitics Dr. Werner favors the principles of 
the Republican part}-, but he meddles very little 
with public affairs, otherwise than those connected 
with his profession. He served as Coroner of Will 
County from June, 1880, to December, 1884, first 
by appoinltnent and subsequently was twice elec- 
ted to the office. He was Count}- Physician from 
1881 to 1888, and City Physician from 1884 to 
1887. From 1882 to ISS,") he held the office of 
Treasurer of the I'nited States Pension Examining 
Board. He is a member in good standing of the Will 
County ^ledical Society, the Chicago Medical 
Society and the American Society of Microscopisls. 

On the -isili of May, 1881, Dr. Werner was 
united in ni.arria<;c with Miss Louisa Frcdricka, 
daughter of C. W. and Alarie Agnes (Bcrtch) 
Stachlc. .Mrs. Wciner was born in Joliet, and re- 
mained with her parents until her marriage, receiv- 
ing a good education in the common school. Mr. 
and Mrs. Staehle were natives of Germany, and 
are now residents of Joliet. Their family consists 
of seven living children. 



In connection with this sketch a lithographic 
portrait of the Doctor is presented to the readers 
of the Ai-nrM. 

ENRY BOIIL owns and occupies a farm on 
section 34, Washington Township. A gen- 
eral air of thrift and prosperity is noticeable 
^) and e\en a casual glance is sufficient to 
show tliat the land is well tilled and that the 
buildings wliicii have been erected upon it are ad- 
equate to their requirements, wlide they and the 
other improvements are well kept in every par- 

The eyes of our subject opened to the light in 
Mecklenburg, Germany, April 14,1838. His father, 
Herman Bohl, was a farm laborer who had mar- 
ried a lady of his own Duchj" — Miss iVIary Buhr- 
ling. They lived in the neighborhood in which 
they had been reared until after the birth of six 
children, two of whom died when quite young. 
The parents with the surviving members of the 
family set out for America in the fall of 1857, tak- 
ing passage from Hamburg in tiie sailing vessel 
"America" and landing at New York City after 
having spent four weeks and three days at sea. 
The family came west together and made a settle- 
ment in Du Page County, 111. After some years 
the [larents, their only son and one daughter, re- 
moved to W'M County and settled on the farm 
now owned by our subject, the parents living with 
him until their death. The father lireatlied liis 
last in 1883 at the age of seventy-seven j-ears; the 
widow survived until 188;), reaching tlie advanced 
ag(! of eighty-two _\ears. During the last two 
years of her life she was entirely blind. Both of 
the parents were life-long members of the Lutheran 

Henry l^ohl is the third in order of birth in the 
parental family. He received his education in his 
native countiy to which he bade adieu when about 
inneleen years old. lie became of .age in Du Page 
County, 111., and was there united in marriage 
with Miss Minnie .Sehuld. This lady was born in 
Mecklenberg, Germany, in 1840, and after being 

left an orphan she came alone to the United States 
when she had almost reached womanhood. She 
made her home in Du Page County where she was 
married not long after her arrival. She was well 
skilled in domestic arts, was a consistent member 
of the Lutheran Church and a woman whose good 
qualities were recognized by her neighbors and ac- 
quaintances. She breathed her last at her home in 
Washington Township, August 25, 1883, when but 
thirty-eight years old. 

The happy union of Mr. and Mrs. Bohl was 
blest by the birth of eight children, of whom Wil- 
lie, Lena and two infants are deceased. The sur- 
vivors are: Recka, Henry, William and John, all 
of whom yet cluster around their father's fireside. 
Mr. Bohl and his children attend the Lutheran 
Church and he is a stanch Republican. 

ULIAN E. WHITE. This young gentle- 
man is engaged in the drug business in Jol- 
iet in which he made a permanent location 
in 188."), establishing himself in a business 
that is rapidly growing. With an upright charac- 
ter, the courteous and pleasing manners of a well- 
bred gentleman, and an intelligent mind, he has 
been admitted into the -inner circle" of society, 
while in business circles he is regarded as one of 
the most promising young men of the city. He 
is tiie third child of E. D. and Margaret (.4dams) 
White who came with their famil3- to Joliet in 
1876. The father is now engaged in the music 
trade here and in addition to pianos and other 
musical instruments also handles sewing machines. 
He is a native of the Empire State, while his wife 
opened her ejes to the light in I'ennsylvania. 

The subject of this biographical notice was born 
March '.), 18.')4, in M.ayville, Chautauqua County, 
N. Y., l>ut his lioyhood was spent in Crawford 
County, Pa. After completing his education he 
became a drug clerk in his home town where he 
continued in that employment a year. Being at- 
tracted by the accounts he had heard of the Rocky 
Mountain region, he then went to Denver, Col., but 
finiling no opening in the drug business became a 



cleik in iui establishment devoted to the sale of 
men's furnishing goods. For two years he was 
Ihns employed when lie joiiriie3'ed eastward, reach- 
ing .loliet in the spring of 1877, his parents in the 
meantime having located here. He entered llie 
estal)lishment of J. I). Brown A- CV>.. remaining 
there tlirce or four years after whicii lie went to 
Chicago. There he engaged with tiie drug firm of 
Lord. .Stoutenliorgtt Co., as a traveling salesman and 
after two and one-half years spent in tliat capac- 
ity, he l)ecame an employe of the firm of Fuller il- 
Fuller. For tiie latter firm he worked about tiirec 
years after whicli he began business for himself at 
the time and i)lace before noted. 

Mr. White is a firm believer in the jirinciples of 
tlie Republican i>arty, whicli he therefore supports 
on all occasions. He is identified with the Ma- 
sonic fraternitj', having reached the Royal Arch 
i^egrec and being Captain in the Ciiapter. An 
event interesting to-.Ioliet society and particul- 
arly to Mr. Wiiite, took place at the residence of 
()sin()n<l Fox, April "io, 1890. This was the mar 
ii;igo of our subject and ]Miss Jessie Fox, daughter 
of the host, a }'oung lady whose intelligence, cul- 
ture, and amiable character have given her pop- 
idarity in society and endeared her to the hearts 
<if many friends. The wedding ceremony was per- 
formed at six o'clock and was followed by an 
elegant reception participated in by the society peo- 
ple of .loliet. 

ICHAEL SIIENK is a, well-to- 
do farmer of Custer Townsiiip, and he has 
A borne an honoralile part in bringing about 
the great cliange wrougiit by the pioneers 
and present citizens of Will County that has placed 
it in the front ranks of its sister counties. His 
liarents were Christian and Magdalene (Wolf) 
Shenk. natives of I^ancaster Count}', Pa. His fallicr 
operated a mill there for thirl}' years, and with 
his wife was a lifelong resident of that part of the 
country, she dying in 18,')0. and he in 1824. 

Our subject is the onl\- survivor of six cliildnii. 
He was born in August, 1818. His education was 
conducted in the common schools. He suffered 

an accident at a raising when he was eighteen years 
of age, whereliy his riglit .shouhler. rilis and leg- 
were broken, and for four years lie was uualile to 
do anything. After that he went to work on a 
small farm for himself in Erie County, Pa., made 
improvements upon it, built a house and barn, and 
made full iia^Miient at the rate of $22 per .acre, he 
buying it of his mother. He remained on that 
place about fourteen years, and then disposed of it 
in order to try .agriculture in this county, ami com- 
ing here in 18o8, he bought his present farm. The 
improvements upon it were voy me.agre, but he 
has placed it in a good condition. He built his 
present dwelling in 187"), and also erected a good 
t)arn at a cost of •^1,(J()0. He has one hundred and 
sixty acres in the home farm, all of which is under 
fine cultiv.ation except thirt}' acres, and he has ad- 
joining it eighty acres of land that is well adapted 
to p.asturage and is used for that purpose, he li:iv- 
ing his farm well stocked. 

By his marriage, in 1851, to Miss Sarah A. Car- 
ter, our subject secured the substantial aid of a 
wife who, b}' her good management of their house- 
hold affairs, has contributed in no small degree to 
bring about their [iresent prosperous circumstances. 
;\Irs. Shenk is a native of England, born in 1822, 
und received a good education in the lan<I of her 
birth. Her marriage with our subject has been 
gladdened by the birth of eight children, all of 
whom are living, and are well settled in life. Their 
record is as follows: .lohn, who is living in Vates 
Center, Kan., married Sarah Wright, and they have 
four children; William, a resident of Fairbury, 
married Alma Kobbins, and they have one child; 
.lerome. of Reed Township, married Belle Morrill, 
and they have one child; Elizabeth, wife of Harvey 
ISrown. of Chicago, is the mother of nine children; 
Delia Ann is the wife of Napole(jn Leslie, of Braid- 
wood, and has live children; Joseph, a resident of 
liraidwood, married Ella Itankin. and tlie\- liav(! 
five children; Minnie married John .lils(Mi, who 
lives on the home farm, and they lia\e three cliil. 
dieii; Ida married Calvin Whitson, of Pontiac, and 
tliev I ave four chiMreii. .lohn Shenk hore an hon- 
orable part ill tli<' !ale w:i|- a-; :\ Mildier in the One 
llundreillh Illinois Infaiilry, and w:is slightly 
wounded at Mission Ridge. Williirtii went out 



with the same regiment, but came home sick before 
the expiration of lii ; term of enlistment. He after- 
ward served in a three months' regiment. 

Since 1858 Mr. Shenk has been associated with 
the people to whom Custer Township owes its pros- 
perity, and lie has conducted himself in all ways so 
as to secure tlie entire confidence and respect 
of his fellow-citizens. He has taken part in the 
management of public affairs as School Director 
of this district, and at one time he was Assessor of 
Custer and Reed Townships for a period of two 
years. He votes the Republican ticket. Mrs. 
Shenk has for many years be( n a devoted member 
of the Episcopal C'luirch, and is equally esteemed 
with her husband. 

^^.EOHGE S. BRISTOL represents the tlour- 
iterests of Plainfield 

0=^]K(ni(iR S. BRISTOli r 

'ij g— , ishing agricultural int 
^^^41 Township, and his farn 

m on sections 33 and 
34. is one of the most desirable in this locality as it 
is under the best of cultivation and is amply pro- 
vided with good machinery for every [lurpose. 

Our subject is a native of Ohio, l)()rn in I'erry 
Townsliip, Franklin County, .lanuary 2G, 1843, a 
wortliy descendant of an old pioneer family of that 
State. C'Orel Bristol, his father, was a native of 
llie same county, born in Sharon Townshii), May 11, 
ISH). His father, Eri Bristol was born in Bristol, 
Conn., a son of Jacob Bristol, who was of English 
birth. Tlie father of the latter, great-great-grand- 
father of our subject, emigrated from Bristol, Eng- 
land, nbdul 1 776, and settling in Connecticut.bought 
l.'uid in tlu" town (if Hristnl. He was a clockmaker, 
and it i:s said mannfactured the finest clocks ever 
niadr ill America in his day. During the Revolu- 
ticin lie proved to lie a patriotic citizen to his 
ado|it(Ml country and building two sliips he placed 
them at tlic disposal of the colonists and aided 
tliem in lighting the IJiitish. Jacob Bristol was 
ten yeai's old when he came to America with his 
parents. He l)ecame a clockmaker and spent the 
rest of his life in Connecticut. Eri Bristol, grand- 
father of our sulijcct, became a member of the 
Scioto Com|)anv that bought si.vteen thousand 

acres of land in what is now Franklin County, Ohio, 
and he was thus an early pioneer of the State. In 
the spring of 1804 each member of the colony sent 
a son into the wilderness of Ohio, to build log 
cabins and pre])are the way of the others who soon 
joined them, the removal of these families being 
made with teams, some of them having horses and 
others oxen. They were among the first to locate 
in that part of C)hio, and the grandfather of our 
subject, settled in what is now Sharon Township, 
nine miles north of the present site of Columbus, 
on Whetstone Creek. In that time the State was 
in a wild and unsettled condition, the dense prime- 
val forests l)eing inhabited by various tribes of 
Indians, and deer, bears, wolves, panthers, and wild 
cats were numerous. There were no railways nor 
canals, and in fact no public roads, all communica- 
tion with the outside world was by persons passing 
through the narrow paths or Indian trails on foot 
or horseback. The people lived in the most primi- 
tive manner, oljtaining their food from products of 
the land, wild game and fish, and the women spun 
and made all the clothing used. The grandfather 
of our subject resided on the homestead that he 
hewed from the wilderness, until death closed his 
mortal career. 

The father of our subject was reared, married 
and resided in the place of his birth until 1870, 
when he came to Plainfield, and with his sons, 
bouglil the farm where our subject now resides. 
He is still living, is in his eighty-first year, and 
makes his home with his children. The maiden 
name of the mother of our subject was Annah 
Ross and she was a native of Westmoreland County, 
Pa., a daughter of David and Mary (Satcher) Ross. 
Her deatli occurred in Franklin County, Ohio. 

George S. Bristol received the rudiments of his 
education in the public schools and then had the 
advantages of a fine course at Eastman's Business 
College at Chicago. In May, 1864, at the age of 
twenty-one years, he enlisted in Company E, One 
Hundred and I'hirty-third Ohio National Guards, 
for fine hundred days, and was dispatched with h's 
regiment to I'arkersburg, W. Va., and after re- 
maining tliere six weeks was sent to Washington, 
and thence to the J.ames River of Virginia, where 
he did garrison duty until the expiration of his 



term of enlistment, wlicn he w:is discharged having 
done honoralile service in llie cause of his counlrj'. 
After his military experience, Mr. Bristol returned 
to his native State and remained a resident thereof 
until the spring of 1^6^, when lie made a new de- 
parture and in the vigor of a stalwart manhood 
eauie to Illinois to try farming in the Prairie Slate. 
He was engaged in agricultural pursuits in I'l.'iin- 
field in the summer and in the winter uiili/.eil jiis 
education by teaching. He laiighl .>ix winter 
terms and the remuiuder of tlie year was engaged 
as before mentioned. In 1871, he located on the 
farm he now owns and occupies and has been thor- 
oughly successful in its. cultivation. In 1881), he 
had the misfortune to have his duelling burned, 
and he has since replaced it by hi.^ present neat and 
comfortable residence. 

The marriage of our subject in 1S72 with .Miss 
Rosabelle Clark was an imiiorlant step in liis life 
and he theri'by secured an able assistant in his 
work. She is a native of Plainfield, born in iNIarch, 
1817, and a daughter of Erastus Clark. Her father 
was born in Greenfield, Franklin County, Mass., his 
father bearing the same name, lieing also a native 
of that county, born in the town of Colerain. His 
father. John Clark, issupposed toliave been a native 
of the same town and a descenilant of English ances- 
tr3', who were early settlers in that place, and lie 
there engaged as a manufacturer. [Mrs. Bristol's 
gran<lfather learned the trade of a woolen manu- 
facturer and established the first s[)inning jenny, 
and carried on the business there some \ears. He 
subsequently removed to Niagara Falls, establisheil 
a factor}', and resided there until 1830, when he 
came to Plainfiehl. He was an early settler here, 
buying a tract of land about one mile south of the 
village. He and his son operated a flour and saw- 
mill for a few years and he then went to Kalamazoo, 
Mich., and there died at tlie home of a daughter at 
the advanced age of eighth-six years. Mrs. Bris- 
tol's father young when he came to Plainfield 
with his |)arenls and .assisted his father in operating 
the mills, finally buying the sawmill, which he op- 
erated for a time. He then disposed of it and 
turned his attention to farming, and resided here 
until ls7x. In that venr he removed to Kansas, 
bought a f:uin in Keno County antl still makes his 

home there. The maiden name of -Mr. Clark's wife 
was Caroline Cotton. She was born on the Isle of 
Wight, u daughter of William and .lane (I'>rett) 
Cotton, also natives of that island, who were pio- 
neers of L'hiinlield. Mr. and .Mrs. Bristol's pleas- 
ant Wedded life has brought to them two eliildren, 
Mabel .1. .and Elsie C. 

Mr. Bristol is .a man of luniorable character and 
liii;h standing in this tonimunily, with whose best 
inlerests he has earnestly' identified himself more 
than twenty j'cars. and by his manly, straightfor- 
ward course in all his business dealings and in his 
siieial relations he has gained a warm i)hice in the 
regard o/his fellow-citizens. He has a well-balanced, 
well-cultivated mind and sincere religious views 
which find expression in the I'niversalist faith, he 
and Ids wife being valued niemliers of the society 
of that denomination in Flaiidleld. Folitically he 
is a stanch Ivei)ublican. 

|r~\,EN.lAMIN (Jl.lN. The legal profession of 
L-s Will County is worthily represented by the 
/V);jl! subject of this notice who has been engaged 
^---^ in the [iractiee of law at .loliet since .Tune, 
of the year lH7tJ. He is a native of the Empire 
State and was I)orn in Allegany County, August 
12, 1S38. He emigrated to Illinois with his (la- 
rents when quite young, the}' settling first in La 
Salle County, from which they subseqin iitly 
removed to Kendall County. 

Judge Olin received his English education in 
the common and select schools of La Salle .and Ken- 
dall Counties and subsequently entered Beloit Col- 
lege, Wis. He commenced the reading of law in 
the odice of IMessrs. Gray ife Bushnell at Ottawa, 
III., and later studied with .lohn Crulhers, of Os- 
wego. Kendall County. 

ri)(.>n the outbreak of the Civil War Mr. Olin in 
April, 18G1, assisted in raising Company K. Twen- 
tieth Illinois Infantry and was elected First Lieu- 
tenant of his conqiany. .\fter aljout one year 
spent in the service he obliged to send in his 
resignation on account of ill-health. He tlu'ii 


went lo Colorarlo where he spent si^veral months 
and upon his ri'tuni resiinieil his law studies at 
Chieagn willi Ihc linn of .ALatlier, Taft A- Bates. He 
was adinitteil to the liar in l^H:! ami began the 
praeliee of his profession at .Morris, this State. 

Subsequently Mr. Olin assoeiated himself in 
partnership with Hon. 1'. A. Armstrong, of Morris, 
and they engaged in the praeliee of law until the 
removal of Mr. Olin to .1 olio t in .lune, 1870. In 
the meantime he had beeoioe prominent in the lo- 
cal affairs of (Irundy County, representing his 
ward in Ihe City Couneil of Morns and holding 
the olhee of Seho(.)l Insi)eetor. besides filling other 
positions of trust and responsibility. He was looked 
upon as a man of sound judgment and bis opinions 
were generally respeeted. 

After his removal to Jolict. Judge Olin assoeiated 
himself in parluei'shii) with Ca|it. I'helps in the 
l)raetiee of law, wliieh [lartueiship continued until 
1873, when it was dissolved by the election of r^Ir. 
Olin to the .Judgeship of the County Court. He 
ae<piitted himself with great credit, serving his full 
term and in 1S77 was le-clected and held the olliee 
the full term of the four years, and one year over 
on account of a change in the law fixing the time 
of holding' eUctions. Then after nine years of 
public secvice and when his nomination was again 
talked of, he declini'd lo be a camliilale for re-elec- 

Since his remov.-il to .loliel Mr. Olin has been 
identified with many of its leading enterprises and 
•has distinguished himself as a liberal and public- 
spirted citizen. He is particularly interested in 
educational affairs, having held the office of School 
Inspector for seveial years, aud was also a member 
of the Board of Directors of tlie .loliet I'ldilic Li- 
brary, wliich ollice he has recently resigneil. As an 
attorney he has been entrusted with imiiortant in- 
terests, while his intimate knowledge of the intri- 
cacies of law has en:diled him to serve his clients in 
a just and s.-ilisfactoiy manner. His strict integrity 
and bonorablr di-aliugs have gained him tlm conli- 
deiiec and esteem <if his fellow-citizens and both in and business circles he oceu|>ies an enviable 

Mr. Olin in September, 1865, vyas joined in wed- 
lock with Miss Julia Schaubcr. Mrs. Olin is a lady 

of high culture and varied attainments and well 
fitted to be the partner of sucli a man .as her hus- 
band. She was born in Saratoga County, N. Y. 
The family residence is iileasantly located at No. 
1U2 Young's Avenue. In 1889 .Judge Olin asso- 
ciated himself in partnership with George J. Cow- 
ing, a young gentleman of fine attainments, who is 
rapi<llv risirig in his profession. 

RED BOLTMANN. The late Mr. Bolt- 
maun was born in Hanover, Germany, 
.June :), 1811). He was the son of Henry 
S(iphia (01enkem|i) Boltmann, natives of 
Hanover, where they were reared aud married, 
and lived for some years thereafter. They came 
to America iji 18u3, taking passage at Bremer- 
liaven on a sailing-vessel that crossed the Atlantic 
at a raiiid rate, making the quickest time ever re- 
corded b}' a sailing-vessel. Tlie hurricane which 
had speeded it on its course at so rapid a rate 
nearl_y caused the destruction of the vessel, and 
inan\' of the passengers died from fright or sick- 
ness in the short space of three weeks and tiwce 
days. The Boltmann family survived the dangers 
of tlie passage, and coming from New York to 
Chicago, settled on a farm in Du Page Coiint3'. 
There tliey made some improvements ere clianging 
their residence to Will County and settling on 
section 35, Washington Township. 

The elder Mr. Boltmann secured a farm of one 
hundred and sixty acres, mostly wild laml, on 
which he at o\KX' began to make improvements. It 
is now known far and near as a home of great 
comfort, where pleasing hospitality abounds and 
the social pleasures of life are thoronghl}- enjoyed. 
Mr. and Mrs. ISoltmann are now quite old, having 
been born in 1812, the former July 19 and the hit- 
ter September 10. Mr. Boltmann lias, been identi- 
fied with the Republican part}', and he and his 
wife have been active members of the Lutheran 
Chuich since their childhood. They are particu- 
larly well known by the best German families of 
the county and are respected by all. 

TIh' aeutleman with whose name this sketch 



is iiUriiilufi.Ml, was fduuiiteil in tlie ijuhlir scIkxjIs 
of Dii I'agc ami Will Cuuiities, ami ari|iiii-iHl a 
practical knowleilge-of agriculture on the paicntal 
estate, lie was engaged in tilling the soil until 
after the breaking out of the Civil \\ ar. when he 
entered the I'nion army as a meiiilier of ('oia|)any 
n, Seventeenth ]llin(jis Cavalry. (ioing south, 
the regiment was put under the gcnt' eomuiand 
of Sheridan, and undei- that gallant leadei partiei- 
pated in the battles which have ni'idr his name 
famous. JMr. Boltmann also took part in tlu' bat- 
tles of Atlanta and others of prominence, escaping 
injury, exeei)ting a slight wound on the knee, in 
all his arduous and dangerous cauiiiaigning. He 
remained in the field until the close of the war, when, 
being discharged. June S, ISt;;). he returned to his 
father's home justly proud of his record as a loyal 
citizen and Inave soldier. 

Mr. Boltmann continued to oct'upy hiuisi'lf with 
agriculture until 1873, wlu'u he established himself 
in business at Beeeher, dealing in wines and liquors 
until his health failed. He closed his eyes in death 
August 24. 1 iSTM, since which time his widow has 
sueeessfiilly carried on the business, to the inter- 
est of which he had given his entire attention after 
its institution. The nature of Jlr. Boltmann was 
a thrifty, kindly and ca|)able one, and he was well 
known for his generosity toward his fellow-nion 
.and looked upon as a good business man. He was 
a nuMulier of lUue Lodge, No. 740, K. A- A. .M.. at 
(irant Park, and had tilled the various chairs. He 
was a sound Democrat in politics and his religious 
faith coincided with the doctrines of the Lutheran 
Church, to which he belonged, and to which he 
gave liberally. 

The marriage of Fred Boltmann and Jliss Soi)hia 
Olenkemp was celebrated in Du Page County, this 
State. The bride was born in Hanover. Germany, 
October y, 184(). She was reared to womanhood 
in her native land, receiving an excellent educa- 
tion there, and after she came to America acquired 
good use of the English tongue. In LSGC she 
crossed the ocean in companv' with an uncle, the 
passage from Brenierhaven to New York on the 
sailing-vessel -Shakespeare" consuming seven weeks 
and two days. She came at once to Illinois, and 
for a time rC'^ided in Du I'aLi'c Counlv, siihse- 

qucnntly making her home in 'Washington Tcjwh- 
ship. Will County. Her [jarents were William and 
Sophia (Herman) Olenkemp, l)oth natives of Han- 
over and descendants of German stock of tlu' lict- 
ter class. .\l r. Olenkemp was a shoi'inaker. 'I'wo 
\-ears afler their (laughter had coir.c to Americn 
he and his wife niaile their ari-aiigcuu'uts to follow 
her to the New World. They were about ready to 
start when the liu>liand and father sickened and 
ilii'd when about lifty-hve years old. The widowed 
mother subsequently made the journey with the 
children who remained with her, an<l joining her 
daughter in \\"\\\ County, spent her Last days tiieic. 
She ilii'd -Inly •_'7. I.S7'.>. .at the ripe age of seventy- 
li\-c years, at the liome of her daughter, Mrs. 
l!ollai:mn. She and her husband belonged to the 
Liitln'ian Church. Their family consisted of four 
daughtci-s and i.ine S(m, the hitter of whom, Henry 
()lenkem|). is now running a meat market in \N'}'o- 
ming. He has sia-ved five years in the regular 

Mrs. Boltmann is a shrewd and capable woman, 
who manages her business affairs with great abil- 
ity. Slie belongs to the Lutheran Church and 
generously sup[)oi-ts every gooil work which is 
done therein. She is the mother of six children, 
one of whom, a daughter, Emma, died when eight- 
een months old. The living are: Tihla, wife of 
Henry Biefeldt, a lumber dealer of Beeeher: Henry 
and William, who arc carrying on the farm in 
Washington Township, and jMviiia, who keeps 
house for them ; and Rosa, who remains at home 
witli the mother. 


\fiA:MES C. ZARLEY is the owner and occu- 
pant of one of the line farms of .loliet 
Township, his home being located (jii sec- 
tion 28, and comprising three hundred, aci-es 
of beautiful land, ui)on which comph'te and excel- 
lent improvi'inents have been made. The place is 
devoted to the dairy business, from sixty to eighty 
cows being kept, and three wagons run to .loliet, 
where the milk is sold. That of the estate 
which is under tillage is tlioi'out;hl\ cultivated, 



ami on every liand arc to be seen eviilent-es of the 
tlirift and prosperity of the owner. 

Among the ver3- earliest settlers in litis county 
were tlie late Reason Zarley and his wife. He was 
born in Kentucky, and in 181-4 was married to 
Sarah Mustard, a native of Oiiio. In JSciota 
County, of that .State, they made their first home, 
coming to Illinois in 1828, and spending about 
three }' ears in the vicinit_y of Danvilk'. ^^ermilion 
County. In 1831 they removed to this county, 
settling on tlic farm now owned by our suliject. 
Here they tooli u|) the labors of pi<»neer life, un- 
flinchingly enduring the arduous toils and severe 
privations to which they were subject, and liraving 
danger and even death in tlieir efforts to subdue 
nature and develop tlie resources which she pos- 
.sessed. ( )n at least one occasion they were obliged 
to leave their home and seek protection from 
savage foes in n. town where some preparation was 
made to meet and repulse the Indians. This vvas 
during the Black Hawk War, when the Sacs and 
Foxes were terrorizing the settlers upon the fron- 
tier. Better times graduall3' dawned, tiie ccuntry 
became more thickly settleil, the comforts of life 
more easy to olitain, and the surroundings more 
pleasant and ipiiet. Reason /arley became a highly- 
respected and influential citizen, and when called 
hence in August, 1 859, he left to his descendants 
that best of all inheritances — an honoretl name. 
He was one of the lirst Justices of the Peace in 
this vicinity, having been elected when what is 
now Will County was still a part of Cuok C(.iunty. 
Mrs. Sarah Zarley was a daughter of the Kev. 
William Mustard, one of the pioneer Methodist 
lireaeliers in Ohio. She joined the ^Methodist 
Church wljcn eighteen yeais old. and was a mem- 
ber for over seventy-five years. Her deatli took 
jilaco August 1, IS^T, at the Immp of her son-in- 
law, (;al)riel Nuel. in .lacki-on TowiL-hip, this 
coiintv. Her nu-Uinry is hehl in loving reinem- 
brance by her descend.-uits, to whom (irandma 
Zarley was a nnidel of bcaulifnl old age. She had 
borne liei- husband twelve children, of whom the 
subject of this sketch is the tenth. Twt> of their 
deceased children were for many years proprietoi'.s 
of the .loliet iSigiial. 'I'lu^se were Calneh and 
Cah'in Zarley. the former of whom was born in 

Pike County, Ohio, April 21, 1822. In May, 
lis4(l, in company with his brotliei Calvin, whose 
death occurred many years ago, he began the 
pulilication of the Joliet Signal, which he edited 
for forty years. At the time of his death he was 
in company with K. S. Brown, the publishing firm 
being known as Zarley it Brown. Calneh Zarley 
died August 20, 1886. He is well remembered by 
the citizens of Joliet. and by man}' outside this 
flourishing corporatioQ, 

The gentleman with whose name this sketch is 
introihiced, was born August 2G, 1832, in Danville, 
to which place his parents had fled for safety dur- 
ing the Black Hawk War. He grew to manhood 
on his father's homestead in this county, where the 
greater part of his life has been spent. In 1SG4 he 
went to Montana and engaged in mining for ten 
years, meeting with varying success, but return- 
ing to his native State somewhat better off finan- 
cially than when he had left it. Since that time 
he has given his attention entirely to farming, be- 
coming an ex[(ert in the business, and particularly' 
in the man.agement of a dairy farm. 

Personally, Mr. Zarley is well calculated to make 
frien<ls, l.ieing cordial in manner, intelligent in 
mind, and honorable in his dealings with his fel- 
low-men. He held the ollice of Sujiervisor of 
Joliet Ti.iwnship one term, and has been School 
Director for a numlier of years. In the advance- 
ment of the cause of education he has always been 
greatly' interested, as well as in other matters which 
tend to elevate sticiety and increase the prosperity 
of the country. In politics he is a Democrat. He 
attends the Baptist Churcli, of which his wife is a 

In .loliet, OctxJier :3, l.sTO, Mr. Zarley was 
united in marriage with ,Mi>s Ma, daughter of 
Jacob and Kliza (Boss) Patrick. Mrs. Zarley is 
the younge-t in a family of ten children, and was 
l)(.ii-n in Aux Sable, (iruridy County, October G, 
ISl.'i. .She is an educated and refined woman, who 
looks well to the ways of her houfehold, is devoted 
to husliand ami children, ami full of kindlj- deeds 
to those alxinl her. Her father was a native of 
New \'ork and her mother of Cf.nada, their first 
home after marriage being in the latter country'. 
Thence they came to this county in an early d.ay, 



settling in .loliet Tuwnsliiii. Imt aflerwiud ronidv- 
ing to Ui'iiiidy t'omity. 'i'lii'V sulisi'i|\U'ntly if- 
UH'MlmI til llii,s tuuHNliip. ill wliifh tlicy lircalluil 
liii'ir last. Mr. und Mrs. Zurlcy nro llic pHiciils of 
live ciiildrtMi— William II., Arthur M.. (i. N.hI. 
.M:ui(l II. and' K. 

^f NDIJKW .1. MILLS, .M. I)., tlie Coroner 
( @/LJr of this ci-)nnty. is niiinliurcd among its 
'// lit prominent and most snrcessfnl [uactitiun- 
^' crs, and is in tlio enjoyment of a good luisi- 

ness. He is a man in the prime of life, having 
boon born Se[)teml)er I'J, 18:34, and is a native of 
Kssex County, N. Y. 

Dr. Mills is the offspring of suhstaiitial stock, 
being the son of William Mills, likewise a native 
of Lssex Count}', N. Y., and who was born May '2. 
IS I 2. The latter grew to mature years in his na- 
tive county and was there married to Miss Lnra 
A. l""isk. The inolher of our subject was born in 
Kiilland County, Vt., May "21, ISl 1, and was taken 
by her parents to New York State when a child of 
eight years. In the year 1 S.'IG the family look up 
their line of mareli toward what was then the far 
West, locating in I''ranklin County, ( )hio, wIutc 
they sojourned until 1 S.j 1 , the father I'ngaging in 
fai'uiing [iursuits. 'I'hat year they decided upon 
another change of residence and coming Id this 
county, sellle<l neai' Twelve Mile (irove. The 
father in ISI.S h;iil entered one hundred and sixty 
ai-ivs of lanil and upon this he took uj) his residence 
with his family and jn'oseeuted agricidturc until 
l.sill. Then with his estimable wife, retiring Imni 
the active Itdiiirs of life, he left the farm and re- 
moved to .loliet, where the father is still livini;-. 
The mother departed this life August 8, I 887. Loth 
parents ha<] identified themselves with the Metho- 
dist Episcoijal Church during their younger years. 
William Mills originally was a Jaeksonian Demo- 
crat, but voted for William Henry Harrison in 
islo, and upon the formation of the Republican 
party identified himself with it. He however b;is 
never lieen a political aspirant, but is contented to 
' cast his vole at the general elections, lie is highl\- 

respected and may be [iroperly numbered among 
the pioneer residi'iits of this county. 

Dr. A. .1. Mills, the subject of this notice, spent 
his younger years in his native State and upon the 
lenioval of the family to (.)hio, pnrsui'd his first 
studies in the common schools, makinii' good head- 
way and becoming quite profici(!nt at an earl\- age. 
He began the reading of medicine alone and after 
entering the army was under the instruction of Dr. 
Z. P. Hanson, now ;i noted [jhysician of Chicago. 
His studies however were freiiueutly interruiited, 
as he was obliged t(j secure the means for continu- 
ing them. 

I |ion the outbreak of the Civil War the Doctor 
enti'red the ranks of the I'nion .\rmy, enlisting in 
the Fort^'-second Illinois Infanti'y and being com- 
missioned as Assistant Surgi/ou of the regiment. 
He was at the front and in Ihe lield hospitals and 
for four months was on the meilical staff of the 
Artillery iSrigade, l""ourth Army Corjjs, going 
through the Atlanta campaign. He served until 
the ck)se of the war, receiving then his honorable 
disch;u'ge and being mustered out April 16, 18G5. 

I'pon leaving the army Dr. Mills entered the 
Miami Medical College at Cincinnati, in the class 
of 18(1,5 and I8(jt;. from which he emerged fidly 
ipialiiied for the duties whicli awaited him, having 
graduated .Mai'ch 1, LstlC. It is hardl}' necessary 
t(i state that |iiililically , he is a stanch Republican., 
lie was elected to his present ollice in the fall of 
1888 anil is prominently connected with the Will 
County Medical Society. 

Miss Sarah l'^. \\ hiteiuore w;is wedded to our 
subject .March •>'.), 18,".."i. Mrs. .Mills was born 
Sc[)teiiiber 2(), I8:i,'). in Washingto'i County, I'a., 
.•iinl is the daughter of frauds W. and l^'rances A. 
(Webb) Whitemore, who were natives of X'irginia 
and .Maryland. respecli\-ely. They came to Illinois 
about 18 11. and settled fust at Magnolia, Putnam 
County. Snbsei)iieiitly they came to this county, 
where they sojonrne(l fi»r a few years, and are now 

The children born to Dr. .Mills and his esti- 
mable ladj' are recorded as follows: William F. was 
graduated from Rush Medical College in the class 
of 1887. and is ni>w a practicing physician of iMan- 
hftttan, this county; he married Miss Agnes R, 



McDonougli, and tlicy have one chikl, a flaugliter, 
Elda A. George W. as the Northwestern 
Agent for the tobacco inauufactiiring firm of Wil- 
son, McC'alhay it Co., making his headquarters at 
Omaha, Nel).; he married iMiss Nellie A. Uianioud, 
and they have three daughters: Merle Ada, llilma 
Lillian and Veldene Eloise. Lura Frances is the 
wife of William M. Mitchell of Kockville. Kanka- 
kee County, and they have one child, a son, Ken- 
netii Mills. 

Dr. Mills is one of the oldest uienihers of Wilton 
Lodge, No. G4(l, 1. (). O. F., in which he has held 
the different olllces and represented his lodge in 
the Grand L'jdge of the State, since its organiza- 
tion in 1877. He also belongs to William A. Webb 
Post, No. 657, G. A. R., of which he was the first 
Commander. He takes pride in his practice and 
aims to excel. The medical profession was one 
which he chose in his boyhood f(.)r his life vocation 
and one to which lie gives his best efforts as the 
result of his practice indicates. Socially and per- 
sonally, he is held in high esteem, being numbered 
among the leading citizens of Joliel. 

A lithogra[ihic (lortrait of Dr. Mills appeals else- 
wliere in this volume. 

ILIJAM CALHOUN. This great Republic 
owes a larger debt than she can ever pay to 
llie loyal citizen-soldiers who rallied to her 
defence in the darkest hours of the Rebellion, and 
heroically fought and suflered, and never laid 
down their arms till the glorious Stars and Stripes 
once more waved t)ver a free and undivided country. 
As a representative of those heroes it pleases us to 
give this brief life record of William Calhoun, who 
with several of his lu'others did h(.>norable service 
in the I'nion army during the late war. <)ui' sul)- 
jecl is a fai'iner in Custer Townshiii, (.iwning and 
managing a good farm un section 20. 

Abner Calhoun, the father of our subject, was a 
farmer, and a native of New York. He vvas a soldier 
in the Black Hawk War, and received a laud^^'Sfii^. 
rant for his good services. The mother of our sub- 
ject was Mary (Iloyt) Calhoun, a nati^■e of Ohio, 

She vvas married to the father of our subject in 
that State, and removed to Michigan at an early 
day of its settlement. They came to Illinois in 
1853, and located on the farm now belonging to 
our subject, and there spent the remainder of their 
days, he dying in 185."), and she April 19, 1878. 
They were the parents of twelve children, all sons 
but one, eight of whom are now living. 

Tlie one of whom we write was the sixth child 
in order of birth, and was born in the month of 
January, ]836. His educational advantages were 
very meagre, and consisted of a short attendance 
in the district school. He was early called upon 
to assist his father in the farm work, and after the 
latter's death took tender care of his mother as 
long as she lived, and did not marrj- until after her 

After the breaking out of the war our subject 
watched its course with patriotic interest, and as 
soon as possible offered his services to his country, 
enlisting August 12, 1862, in Compaii}' F, Seventy- 
sixth Illinois Infantiy, and served faithfully till 
August 12, 1865. He took [lart in many battles, 
and his officers always found him to be an efficient 
and trustworthy soldier, lie was in the battle of 
Mobile, Ala., and participated in a large num- 
ber of severe skirmishes. lie served under Gens. 
Steele, Crocker, Thomas, McPherson, Grant and 
Sherman. In December, 1862, Mr. Calhoun was 
sick in the hospital for a short time, and was then 
sent to the convalescent camp at Memphis, Tenn. 
From the hospital there he was sent to St. Louis 
Hospital, in which he remained till after the siege 
of Vicksburg. He then rejoined his regiment, and 
while it was on a raid from Natchez he received a 
sunstroke, which was very severe in its effects, and 
for eighteen months he vvas almost blind, and he 
lost the entire use of liis left ear, and could scarcely 
hear with his right one. Notwithstanding his ter- 
rible condition he never left his regiment all 
through his sickness, and was linally discharged 
with it after the close of the war, at (Jalveston, 

The Calhoun family was well represented in the 

- araaa-y, as beside our subject three of his brothers 

did valuable service in the defence of their conn- 

trv's honor — Hansford, Henry and Albert. T'lC 



last immoii sacrificed Ids life for tlu' olil ll.'it;. He 
was a Vdiitli of seventeen _vears when he en- 
listeil in the same company ami nyimenl as nui- 
sulijfcl. ami in \Si]4 he reeeiveii iiijiiiies fnini which 
lie (lieil at his lidine snun after at llie age of nine- 
teen, anil liis hijily now lies in the eiMnetery at Cns- 
ter I'aik. His linither, Henry .1., enlisted in the 
same rey^iment ami company at the age of twenty' 
years, and did hrave service on many a liard-fonglit 
battlelield. He endured the lKirdslii[is and jiriva- 
lions of a stihiier's life witlnnit a ninriiuir, and is 
still sntTering fioin a kiiet.' wliieli was injured while 
in the army. He is furl)-eight years of aye. ;ind 
in the prime of life has ac([iiired a eonipetence on 
his farm in riymoiitli C'ountw Iowa. He is mar- 
ried and has a line family of four cliililren. 

After retiring from the army Mr. Calhoun quietly 
resumed fariniiig operations on his farm in t'lister 
Township. He has labored assiduously to [)lace 
its one hundred and twenty acres under the liest 
of cnllivation. and now has it well imjiroved. and 
supplied with neat huildmns, and e\erythii g nec- 
essary for operating it to good aihantage. 

December 21, 188;!, Mr. Calhoun took an ini[ior- 
tant step in life, which has contributed greatly to 
his comfort and happiness, us on that date he was 
married to .Miss Ellen A. Bray. Her father, Dom- 
inick liraj-. is an old soldier, and is now suffering 
from the effects of his faithful service while in the 
army. He and his wife ha\e a comfortable home 
heal- .I.■Ulle^town, ( loud C<iunty, k'aii. .Airs. Cal- 
houn is a native of this .State, born in K.-inkakee 
County, where she received an excellent coin- 
luon-school education. The pleasant home cir- 
cle of our subject and his wife is completed liy 
three children— Frank I!., Willi;ini Wesley and .les- 
>ie I.. 

Mr. ( alhoini is a man of sterling, self-respecting 
character, well-balanced mind, and his whole career 
has shown him to be a patriotic, trust wort liv citi- 
zen, deserving of all confidence and reg.-ird. He 
concerns himself in the welfare of this township, 
where be has m.ade his home since boyhood, aixl 
when he has been called to oflieo has, by his faith- 
ful and efficient attention to the duties thus 
devolving u|)on liim, materially forwarded its inter- 
estj-. He is Directorof this school district, and has 

held this position for the last f<mrtcen years, .and 
he has also been I'athniaster. He is a member of 
Bowen Post. G. A. I!., at Wilmiiiglon. He is a 
sturdy supporter of tlie Kepulilieaii party, and 
alw;i_\s voles for its candidates. Ho began life for 
himself empty handed, and has attained his present 
good circumstances by persistent and well directed 

' dom that a young man reaches a more 
prominent station than that held by the 
above-named gentleman, or exhibits so 
many intellectual and business (lualities .at so early 
an age. Mr, Cunningham, although not yet thirty 
years old, is Mayor of Manhattan and one of its 
most popular men, and added to this he 
has a record of usefulness in pedagogical work, 
both as teaeherand institute worker. He isshrewd 
and energetic in the prosecution of whatever he 
undertakes, has mental .ability of no mean order, 
and is full of public spirit and interest in the pro- 
gros of the country. 

Kven a brief record of the lives of his parents 
will sullice to show that Mr. Cunningham is the 
inheritor of many of the qualities which give him 
lirominence in the community and that he would 
be unworthy of his [)areiit,age were he not enter- 
prising and zealous. His father. James Cunning- 
ham, was liorn in County Longford, Ireland, and 
became a machinist. He emigrated to America and 
for some time worked at his trade in Pouglikeepsie, 
>■. Y. In 1857, he located in this county, for five 
years operating a f.aini in the northern of this 
township. He then purchased one hundred .and 
sixty acres of raw land in New Lenox Townsliiii, 
placed it under good improvement anil successfully 
operited it until 1871, when, he was taken sick. 
After three \eais of invalidism, he closed his eves 
to earthly scenes, leaving his farm ■encumbered 
somewhat Iiy a mortgage. 

With wonderful tact and good management, Mrs. 
Cunningham succeeded by the aid of her children 
in clearing their home from indeliledness and in so 
conducting their affairs ;is to be able to secure 



Wesleiii hinds alsu. Slic iiiiw owns Iwu liiindreil and 
forty uLTes near M:u'_vsvilk\ Kan., and retains pos- 
session of the farm in tliis county which is now 
rented, Init nptm wiiich she resided until 1889. She 
now lives with our snbjeet and her daughter, Katie 
L. Like hei husliand, she was born in Ireland, 
County Kilkenny having been her birthplace. She 
bore the maiden name of Bridget King and is a 
daughter of Thomas Ring, who, although a farmer, 
was a graduate of the Latin School of Dublin. She 
is a sister of the Rev. Patrick Ring, of St. Louis, 
prominent in the Catholic Church, and with whom 
siie came to America, stopping in the Empire State 
where she was married to Mr. Cunningham. Both 
she and her husband have l)een active members of 
the Roman Catholic Ciiurch and Mr. Cunningham 
was a Democrat. 

Tlie family of which our subject is the sixth 
meml>er includes also jNLitthew, foreman for the 
Nebraska City Tacking House; Thomas, a man of 
leisure, who is traveling a great part of the time; 
Richard, Mayor of Summerlield, Kan., and engaged 
in the agricultural implement business; Martin, 
deceased ; Mary E.. wife of Kelson Lynx, partner 
of our subject; Katie L. ; and Maggie E., now Mrs. 
Nugent, of Wilton Townshii). 

The grandfather of our suliject was James Cun- 
niugliam, who followed agricultural pursuits in the 
Emerald Isle, and wlio bore a very active part in 
the Irish Rebellion. Some seven years before his 
death he had a [laralytic stroke, and from that time 
he suffered more or less. 

The natal day of our suliject was April 1 1, l<sG2, 
and his birthplace, the township in which he is now 
so popular. lie was reared in New Lenox Town- 
ship and prior tti his seventeenth year attended the 
district schools. lie then entered the Normal 
School at \'alparaiso, Lul.. and after completing 
the scientific course, was graduated in l<s.s|. II(> 
adopted the profession of teaching, the first two 
years of his professional lalior lieing given to tiie 
schools in S|iencer. lie then accepted the Princi- 
palship of the New Lenox graded school, retaining 
the position three years and during the time taking 
an active in the work of llie county institutes, 
and in other ways advancing the cause of educa- 
tion, [lis services were reijuested at Nevv Lenox 

the fourth year, but he resigned the position to 
which he had been elected in order to embark in 
mercantile [lursuits. 

Forming a partnership with Nelson Lynx, of 
Spencer, Mi-. Cunningham began the sale of general 
merchandise in a rented building in Manhattan. 
The stock was new and well selected, the proprie- 
tors pleasant and courteous, and success attended 
their efforts. In the fall of 1889 they put up a 
new store building, 24x72 feet in dimensions, and 
increased their stock whicli is now the largest as- 
sortment of general merchandise in town. Mr. 
Cunningham also does a large business for the 
Home Insurance Company, of New York, and at- 
tends to tlie renting of the home farm and his 
broliier's estate. 

During 1889 Jlr. Cunningham was Milage Clerk 
and in 1890 he was elected Mayor witliout exertion 
on his [lart. This fact is indicative of his popu- 
larity and the reputation which he has. He is an 
active Democrat and has been a delegate to county 
and State conventions. He belongs to the Sacred 
[lean Catholic Church' of .loliet. 

(X, liALTER B. STEWART, M.D., Ph.C, 
* \/iJ// J""'"'' partner of the lirm of Curtis & 
^^y Stewart, is one of the younger members 
of the medical profession of this county, a'.id lo- 
cated in Joliet May 1, 181^8. He was born in 
Wilmington, this county, February 13, 186C, and 
is the son of J. W. Stewart, one of the early set- 
tlers of this region and now a leading banker of 
Wilmington. The mother bore the maiden name 
of Lettie Wliitten. The |)arental family consisted 
of four childieii. 

Dr. Stewart obtained his preliminary education 
in the schools of his native place, and completed 
his studies in Champaign College in 1885, receiv- 
ing the degree of Ph.C. Soon afterward he com- 
menced the reading of medicine under the instruc- 
tion of Dr. Curtis, his partner, with whom he 
continued until entering a course of lectures at 
the College of Physicians X- Surgeons, Chicago, 
from which he was graduated in the class of '88. 



Sodii aflcrwanl lie was rtppniiUed House Siirnemi 
of St. Josepli's Ilosiiital, whicli |io.siti(iii he slill 
lioMs. lie makes a specialty of surgery, and has 
alread}- attained considerable reputation in this 
branch of the practice, having rare opportunities 
for study and observation in connection with his 
duties at the hospital. 'Ihis institution aecununn 
dates over fifty patier.ts, and aside from this Dr. 
Stewart is building up quite an extensive private 
practice. His skill and ability are acknowledged 
facts among the people who have sought his ser- 
vices, and it is predicted that in the near future he 
is destined to make for himself a re|iutation as a 
pii^sieian and surgeon of no mean ac(inirenients. 
He is nnniarrif'd. Politieallv. he is a Repul>lican. 

LGUST BOLHL, as a farmer of large 
experience, great capability, sagacious and 
I 111 far-seeing, and prudent in the manage- 
ment of his affairs, is considered one of 
the most successful of the well to-do agriculturists 
who are active in pushing fcirwanl the material 
interests of Will Count}' in general, and of Monee 
Townshii) in particular. Associating himself with 
the pioneers of this region, he has tilled the soil to 
some purpose during the three or more decades 
that he has lived here, as is shown by the fine ap- 
pearance of his well-appointed and well-stocked 
farm, with its neat buildings and well-tilled fields. 
While doing a general farming business, Mr. IJoelil 
has paid special attention to rearing horses the 
last seventeen 3'ears, and for six years has been a 
breedei- of thorough-ln-ed Knglish Shire horses, 
and now has .i fine herd, among thiMU being some 
thai are imi)orted. 

August Boehl is of foreign birth, boin in Prus-" 
sia, Germany, August 13. is:3;j. His (larents, 
Christian and Christina (Weigand) Hochl, were 
natives of the same place as himself. The}- had 
three children — Christina, Wilhelmena and August. 
While our subject was scarcely more than a babe, 
he the misfortune to lose his good mother, who 
died in 1S,'?S. His father married again, I'^redcr- 
leka Caeker lieeominii liis wife, by uhoni he had 

tlu- following seven children: Louisa, Catherine, 
Christian. (!eorge, William, Henry and Frederick. 
The father was a manufacturer of cloth in his 
native country, but abandoned tliat business when 
he came to the I'nited States in 1857. accompa- 
nied by his family with the exception of I he 
eldest daughter. He settled on forty acres of 
land on section 15, Monee Townshi]), where his 
earthly pilgrim.age came to an end in IHO;!, at the 
age of fiftj'-seven 3'ears. His wife survived him 
until 1885, when she too ))assed aw.a}-. 

The subject of this biographical review passed 
the early years of his life in his native German}-, 
and there received a substantial education. He 
worked for his father in the old ciiuntry, and 
after coming here spent his first six months at 
employment for which he was paid 812 a month. 
He subsequently Ijcgaii life on his own account, 
and in 1859 purchased eighty acres of the land 
where he now lives for $1,000. At different times 
he has added to this, first a tract of twenty acres, 
then one of eighty acres, and subsequently one of 
forty acres, paying §5 an acre for the timber land. 
This, by incessant toil, he now has well cultivated, 
and has all the necessary improvements and ap- 
pointments to make it one c>f the best-eq'ii|i|ied 
farms in the township. 

Mr. Boehl has not been unaided in his labors, 
but has had the cheerful co-operation of a callable 
wife, to whom he was married in the month of 
May, 1858. Nine children have been born to 
them, namely: Knnna, deceased, who was the wifi; 
of Henry Dierchas; Edward, a resident of Minne- 
sota; August, Arthur, Charles, (!eorge, Louis, 
I -illy and Mary. 

Our subject has always honored industry in 
word and deed, and hence he has done well in his 
life work. A man of rfnnidabout common-sense, 
wise and carc^fiil in the management of his affaiis, 
his fellow -citizens, appreciating these character- 
istics and his general trustworthiness, have called 
him to the responsible ofiiee of Supervisor, and 
he rein-escnted his township on the County Board 
for three terms, and has useil his iiinuenec to 
promote the best interests of the p\iMic. In 
|)olitics, he favors by voice and vole the Repub- 
lican parly, he having been .'i meiubei- of that 



organization sint-e lie cast his first ballot for Lin- 
coln. He and his wife are among the most es- 
teemed members of the T'nitorl Presbyterian 
Church, and their ever3'-da3' lives are guided by 
their religious princiiiles. 

WIOHT C. HAVEN. Among the younger 
members of the Joliet bar, none are more de- 
serving of honorable mention than Dwight 
C. Haven, who was born in New Lenox, Maj' 10, 
1863. The Havens trace tlieir history back to the 
days when the '-Mayflower" was plowing the waters 
of the mighty deep. In one of her later trips she 
brought a progenitor of the family to America. 
The grandfather of our subject was Samuel Haven, 
who came with his family to this count}' in 1835, 
from Chautauqua County, N. Y. He and his sons 
were very pronounced, outspoken Abolitionists, and 
particularly was this true of the father. 

The parents of our subject were Dwight and 
Lizzie (Craig) Haven, the mother being a native 
of Dniilin. L-elaiiil. nlthough of Scutch parentage. 
Of the live clii'.dren born to tliem one is dead. The 
living are: Samuel Rusli Haven of Joliet; Edith A., 
and Bertha A., who are 3'et at home, and he tif 
whom we write. The father was School Commis- 
sioner for Will County, from 186') to 1868, an<l 
the Haven family one of prominence among 
the early settlers. 

The earl}' life of our siiliject was passed in his 
native place, his boyhood being marked with no 
eventful incident. "Being ambitious for the acrpiire- 
mcnt of knowledge he was sent to the Illinois I'ni- 
versit-v at Champaign, from which institution he 
was graduated in the class of '.s:l. In the military 
department of the Univcrsily he received from the 
(liivernorof Illinois thi' commission of a Captain 
(I'.ievet) of the I lliiiois National ( iuards, foi- his 
pidficiency in military tactics, lie lias since taken 
a "rcat interest in the National (iuards and is now 
Captain and Adjutant of the iMiurth Infanti-y Regi- 
ment. He served llii-ongh two strikes in which the 
trofii^s were called out, in I lie years 1«8."> and 1H80. 

After his graduation \oung Haven adopted the 

profession of teaching, which is an almost universal 
stepping stone to other professional work, his knowl- 
edge being made useful as an instructor at his own 
home. He began reading law in the office of Hill 
& DIbell in 1884, and was admitted to the bar in 
1886. He at once began practice in connection 
with the Hon. Charles A. Hill, M. C, who was one 
of his preceptors, the 6rm name being Hill & Haven. 
It was changed in .lanuary, 1881, to that of Hill, 
Haven i Hdl, upon the admission of Alfred M. 
Hill, son of Capt. Hill, as a partner. 

In social circles Mr. Haven stands high, his cour- 
teous manners, intellectual culture, and good habits 
entitling him to esteem. He is a Knight Templar 
and member of the Independent Order of Red Men. 
In }>olitics he is a Repulilican and is President 
of the.loliet Lincoln Club. He was married April 
3, 1890, to Miss Marian Robinson, of Minneapolis, 

C. HALEY. This gentleman, although still 
a young man, has a fine reputation as a mem 
ber of the legal profession and a citizen of 
whose worth no one is in doulit. He was 
boi-n in Saranac, Clintfui County, N. Y., IMareh 17, 
ism. and with his parents came to Will County. 
111., in IS.-, I. He attended the imblic schools and 
addeil 1(1 his store of learning by a course of study 
in the University of Notre Dame, at South Bend, 
Ind. He then read law with T. L. Breckcnridge, 
of .Toilet, and took a comi)lete law course in the 
rnivcrsity, at Ann Arbor, Mich., from which he 
was graduated in 1871. 

The same Mr. Haley was admitted to the 
bar and immediately began i)ractice soon having a 
large and lucrative business. He is a clear thinker, 
a close student into the details of a case, a logical 
pleader and iias the keen wit and commanding 
pi-esence that go far to secure tlie attention of coun- 
selors and jnr^nu'u. His ability .attracted attention 
and he was elected City Attorney, ami he has also 
served on the Common Council. Such Is his fif-ness 
for office that no one questions his services. It was 
natural that he should be selected as the standard 
bearer for his party in political battles and he has 



been the nominee for Member of Congress twice in 
succession in the Kighlh District, nearly overcom- 
ing a Republican majoritj' of six thousancl and 
lacking but one hundred and seventy' eight votes 
of election. 

It is but natural to conclude that in choosing a 
corapanion in life Mr. Haley would scolc f<ir a lady 
with cnltureil uiiml and manners, and a character 
of nobility. Such was the case, and among the 
members of a prominent family of this city he 
found the woman he desired as bis wife. This was 
Miss Mary A. D'Arc}-, and they were united in 
marriage December 1, 1875. Mrs. Haley is no less 
po|iular than her husband and the home over which 
she presides is a frequent gatiiering place for the 
cultured and accomplished friends they possess. 

/*^ AMP15KLL BROS. This firm comprises 
{li „, James and Alexander Campbell, two of the 
^^1^/ most enterprising young citizens of Alan- 
hattan Township, who operate two hundred and 
forty acres on section 13. this being tlieir raother'.s 
farm, and forty acres adjoining, and whose spec- 
ialty is lirci'iling full-blooded Clydesdale horses. 
They have as nuich nioncy invested iu imported 
equines as any lirni in the townshii), and a lover 
of horse llesli would he much pleased with the 
fine animals to be seen on their place. They arc 
also doing a successfid farm business, their cro|)s 
being equal to any in the neighborhood in quality 
and amount per acre. 

A brief space devoted to the more iinnuMliale 
ancestors of the Campbell Bros, will not be aiui,-s. 
as in this w.ay an insight may lie gained into tlie 
cliar.acter which they iiil|eril, and a reason fouml 
for their su.-cess. Tlicir iKitcrnal graiidl'allicr. .lohn 
Cani[ibcll, was a native of Sc(jtland, wherein he 
followed the trade of a mason until his death, also 
serving for a time in the English army. His sou 
John was born in Blerathel, Scotland, learned the 
trade of the father, and in 1851, while still un- 
married, came to America. After working at his 
trade in New York City for some time he went 
South, sojourning during various periods in .\la- 

bama, Mississipi)i, Louisiana, and otiicr Southern 
Stales. He finally made his way to Joliet, III., 
where he continued his former pursuits, among the 
jobs in which he .assisted beii^g the Warden's house 
at the penitentiary. He also worked at his trade 
iu Chicago, although making his home still in 

About l.s.V,) this gentleman removed to the 
counlrv, and some two years later left Joliet Town- 
shii* to take possession of one hundred acres of 
raw land, which forms a i>arl of the present Camp- 
bell farm. Immediately after his purchase he be- 
gan making improvements, hiring help to run tlie 
farm while he continued to work at his trade iu the 
two cities before mentioned. He proved a suc- 
cessf>d manager and overseer, added to his Landed 
estate, and at the time of his death owned two 
hundred acres. He breathed his last March l.s, 
1886, when sixty-four years old. For years he did 
ellicient service as Sclujol Director. He belonged 
to the Republican parts', and to the l^vsbyterian 

The mother of the Campbell Bros, was born near 
Glasgow, Scotland, and is a daughter of Sandy 
Kioir, who came to America in l.s.'il. Her father 
was a mason, who like the genllenian who ln^came his 
son in-law, worke<l at his traile in New York City, 
and afterward in .loliet and Cliicago, making 
his lioine in the foinicr place. He invested in 
land. and eventually biMvnne a large farmer. (Se<^ 
sketch of James Kiei. ) His daughter Grace was 
rearel in Scotland, and was a young lady when 
she crossed the Atlantic, not long after which she 
became the wife of .John Campbell. Slu' is now 
li\ ing in Hamilton County, Iowa, with her chil- 
dren. She has borne eight sons and daughters, as 
follows: Kate, now .M rs. McLaughlin, of Hamil- 
ton County, biwa: .lohn. a farmer in the same 
county: Charles, who died iu Will County; Janu'S 
and Alexan.ler. of this sketch; Kliza. who lives 
with the two lirotbers just named; Maggie is de- 
c-e.ased : and Archie is ;iltcnding the High School at 

James Campbell opene(l his (y<«; to the liiilit of 
day May 4, 186;?, on the fariii which is his )iresctil 
home. He was reareil upon it. and educated in the 
district schools, remaining niidei' the [)arcntal roof 



until llie (K-atli uf liis fatlu'i-, in IHSC. He tlien 
rented a farm of two IuuuIrmI and forty aci'Cs in 
Manhattan Townsliip, from his nnclc, .lames Kier, 
and opei'at:d the same until the siJiing of l.SS'j, 
when he formed a eonnceticni with his l)rother and 
returned to liis former hon>e. 

Alexander Camphell was also liorn on this farm 
August ;?. I Sd'). lie enjoyed the privileges af- 
forded in the common schools, and remained upon 
the farm with his mother until September, 188S, 
receiving wages for his services after he had 
reached his majority. He then made a journey to 
Scotland, for the double purpose of improving his 
liealth, and buying Clydesdale horses for himself 
and brother .James. Going to New York City he 
embarked on the C'unard steamer "Umbria," .Sep- 
tember 15, and six and a half days later landed in 
Liverpool. Going to Glasgow he made that city 
his headquarters while traveling somewhat in the 
land from which his ancestors came, visiting the 
former homes of his [larcnts, etc. He sailed from 
Glasgow November 10, on the steamer "Grecian," 
stopping at Halifax twenty-four hours, and arriv- 
ing in I'hiladelphia November 20, whence he c.-uiie 
directly home. 

While abroad Mr. Campbell purcliased five full- 
blooded Clydesdale horses and an Iceland pony, 
wiiich he brought witli him to America. .Soon 
after his return he rented the home farm and an 
adjoining tra<t, and with his lirother began the 
0l)eration of the same. They have all the moilern 
conveniences in tlic way of buildings, use the lat- 
est imiiroNcd farm machinery, ■•nid devote them- 
selves with uuremilting zeal to the work they have 
in hand. Aliout <.)ne hnmlred and ninety aci'es arc 
planted, pi'iucipally with corn .and oats, ar.d the 
balance is used as pasture and haying ground. 
They employ four le.ams in theii- f.irm labors, and 
in addition to their S]iecialt3' raise a good grade of 
cattle and hogs. 

The Canipliell I'.ros. now hax'c .about twenly-five 
lieail of grad<'d jiorscs on their place, while theii' 
full-liloodcd ccpilnes include three mares and two 
stallions. Mabel JMlen is a beautiful iiay live ye«rs 
old; Betsey is thi-ee, and Florence iwo. These 
were imported liy themselves, as was Sii- Ibirt, a 
tliree-vear old, re'nslereil as No. COO. Trince 

I»ev( nswortli, also an imported animal, is eight 
years old, and registered as No. 1700. The Camp- 
liell Bros, imported Red, Moss Chief, who is now 
owned by tbcir brotiier in Lowa. 

Neither member of the firm is married, but tbey 
have an eflicient housekeeper in their sister. James 
is a meml)er of the Tresbyterian Church at Joliet, 
and both are held in excellent repute in that city, 
and wherever they are known. .Tames is a Demo- 
crat, while Alexander is independent in politics. 

Cf^^r^'IIOMAS J. KIRK, whose pleasant home in 
'r(^~S in Florence Township, is a native of .Janes- 
\^Ly' ville. Wis. and was born July 18, IS.'ii. His 
(larents, James and Elizabeth (Forsythe) Kirk, were 
born in the Emer.ald Isle and married in Ogdens- 
burgh, N. Y., whence they removed to Janesville. 
In 1860 they changed their |ilaee of abode to Will 
County, 111., locating on a farm in Florence Town- 
ship, where both subsequently died. The elder 
Kirk wa;: a cooper by trade and also a farmer, 'i'he 
f.aniily consisteil of six children — Mary J. now 
wife of Josp[)h Wlialen, a Dakota farmi'r; our sub- 
jiK't; Flizabeth, still unmarried ; Andrew, James and 
William, farmers in this c<^unly. two of them hav- 
ing homes in the same townshi|i. 

The gentleman of whom we write was reared in 
tbis township fr(jm about his sixth year, and Ill's 
followed farming since youth. He owns eighty 
acres of fertile land, which is carefully and intelli- 
gently tilled and bears adequate im[)roveiiients. At 
present the attention of Mr. Kirk is divided be- 
tween his agricultural work, threshing .ami w^'ll 
drilling. He stands well in the estimation of his 
fcllowmeii, being relialile and energetic in his bus- 
iness affairs, kindly in so<'ial and domestic life, and 
useful as a (■iti/.cii of the county and .State. 

Mr. K'irk has sia\c(I live years as C'ol lector of 
h'loreiK'c Townsliip and is now acting for the sec- 
ond term in the c,a|iacity of .Vssessor. His politi- 
cal atliliation is with the Democrat party. The 
order and attractiveness of his home are due to the 
housewifely skill and [(leasing qualities of bis wife 
who bore the maiden name of Fannie Jackson. .She 





was born in Florence Township, August 4, 1855, 
to Cliarles and Ellen (C'ating) Jacksun. and be- 
came the wife of our subject January 7, 1880. 
Four charming dangliters have come to bless the 
union. They are named respectively: Laura K., 
Kthi'l H., Alice and Klinor. 

J;A5IES C. WEKSK. The buihlini>- interests 
I of .Iiiliet Mould lie but poorly represented 
I in this volume did not its pages contain 
' mention of J. C. Weese, who has been cn- 
iraged as an architect and builder for manj' years. 
In this city he has designed and built many of the 
best residences, among them being the dwellings 
of H. B. Scutt, M. Calmer, Dr. Ray nor, and others. 
lie has also done much work in Morris, Aurora, 
Yorkville, and other [daces. He is a practical car- 
penter and architect, whose knowledge has not 
been picked up but was acquired under competent 
masters and improved by practical labor in both 

The Weese family is of (German extraction, the 
grandfather of our subject having been born in 
the Fatherland. Ilis father, John Marcus AVeese 
and Laura Howell were born in Canada, and after 
their marriage lived for many yeais. To them 
were born thirteen children, eleven of whom are 
now living, the subject of this sketch being the 
second. The others are: William, a blacksmith 
and carriage builder in Plattville, Kendall County; 
Mrs. Catherine Morden and Mrs. Victoria Lazier, 
twins; Elias N.. whose home is at Minooka, (!rundy 
County; Lornin ('. and Wellington, deceased; Mrs. 
Laura Ilurd; Walter; Mrs. Chios Pierce; and 
Adeline and John, twins, the latter of whom re- 
sides in Chicago; Adeline, the first, is deceased. 

In County Hastings, Province of Ontario, on 
August 30, 184-2, the subject of this sketch was 
born. His father being a farmer, his early life 
was spent amid rural surroundings, and until the 
age of fifteen years he shared, as a boy could, in 
various agricultural labors in the intervals of his 
school life. Ho Ihcn served liis time as a cai'iien- 
ler's apprentice, working at that trade cxclusivel}- 

for seven years. He next devoted himself to archi- 
tecture, which be learned in the city of New York, 
for a (leriod of ten years, and since that time has 
been designing aud building. In 1871 he came to 
Joliet, which has been his home during most of 
the years since that date. He now occupies an at- 
tractive residence at No. 105, Second Avenue, 
whose internal arrangements are a model of house- 
wifely skill. 

On January 22,1 872, the rites of wedlock were cel- 
elualed between our subject and Miss Kittle Farley, 
a resident of Leland, LaSalle County, 111. The 
bride is the daughter of the Rev. A. and Mary 
(Anderson) Farley, the father having been a min- 
ister in the Fnited Brethren Church. During the 
cholera scourge, which decimated so many neigh- 
borhoods, in 1852, Mr. and Mrs. Farley were 
stricken down with the dre,ad disease, dying within 
a week of each other. Their daughter was reared 
by an aunt, and under her loving care grew to 
womanhood, a noble and relined young lady fitted 
for any sphere in life. 

Mr. and Mrs. Weese are childless, but have an 
adopted daughter. Mrs. Weese is a consistent 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. 
Weese is a true blue Republican, whose first Presi- 
dential ballot was cast for Rutherford B. Hayes, and 
who has followed that vote with a steady adherence 
to the party which he then chose. A reliable citi- 
zen, an intelligent aud ujjright man. he is regarded 
with res|)ect Ijy his fellow-citizens, his wife sharing 
in their esteem. 

9i.A. ARTIN H. DKMMOND. To pay the trib- 
ute of honor and respect to those pio- 
neers who went in .Tilvance of civilization 
and hewed a path for the approach of nian, 
is always a pleasant duty. Their self-denial has 
given us the comforts of life; their perseverance 
laid the foundations of our large cities and thriv- 
ing towns. Tliey planted the seed, kuowinic tint 
they would not \\\■^• to enjoy the ripened fruit. 
They worked not for themselves, but for poster- 
ity, trusting in faith that in due time the reward 



of their patient efforts would be roulized. Tbe 
gentleman wiiose name introfluces this biographi- 
cal review is numbered among the worth}' pio- 
neers of Will County, and though long since 
passed from the busy scenes of life, yet, like the 
good man "f old, "his works do follow him." 

A native <if Massaeliiisetts, Mr. Demmond was 
born March 1, 1803. but earl}' in life removed to 
Oneida C'ouniy. N. Y., then located in Herki- 
mer C'onnty, where lie grew to manhood. He spent 
the years of his ynutli in the usual manner, and liy 
study and oliservation gradually acquired a busi- 
ness education, which he used successfully in after 
life. After being firmly established in the dry- 
goods liusiness. he set up his own liouseh<>ld. plac- 
ing at its head an estimable lady who liore the 
maiden name of .Sophia Murray. Mrs. Demmond 
was b(.rn July 'if., 1801, in Petersburg, N. Y., 
whence when she was stiil cpiite young her father 
removed to Cayuga and later to 8har(:>n. After a 
brief residence tliere. they went to Whilesboro. 
Oneiila County, and there .'-he grew to woman- 
hood. After the death of her father, .John Mur- 
ray, she went to live in Frankfort, Herkimer 
County, N. Y.. whore she met INH-. Demmond and 
with him was united in tlie holy bonds of matri- 
mony Ajiril 10, 1831. In that pUice they began 
their marrieil life. 

In Octolier. 1834. Mr. Demmond closed out his 
business in Frankfort and having resolved upon 
removing to tlie promising West, came to Illinois 
anil, settling in .loliet. engaged in the mercantile 
Inisiness. With far-seeing prudence he bought 
eiiclitv acres of land l}'ing west of the river, and 
jilattcd Dnnniond's addition. His liusiness enter- 
\)rise soon led him into building, and several 
blocks which still stand were erected by him. He 
became the owner of a number of fine farms and 
in the later years of his life was interested in the 
raising of fine cattle. His busy, useful and suc- 
cessful life came to a close during the cholera epi- 
demic of 18,-)4; he died July 18, of that dread 
disease after an illness of but twelve hours. His 
remains were first interred at tlie old homestead 
Inil were afterward remoycd to Oakwood Cemeterj\ 
He was a Democrat until slaver\- became a party 
issue, when his views on that subject leil him to 

join the Whig party. Mr. Demmond was very 
charitable, but performed his deeds of kindness in 
a quiet way, not letting his left hand know what 
his right hand did. 

After the death of her husband Mrs. Demmond 
closed out his business, which left herjin possession 
of ample means. Her mother came to live with her 
and died at her home. Her household now consists 
of her sister, Mrs. Eliza Foltz, a daughter of the 
latter, Mrs. Lafavour, and nephew, Will Laftivour. 
The latter, a rising young artist, has made a trip 
through Europe in pursuit of his studies and in 
search of health. They are numbered among the 
oldest and most intlucntial families of the city and 
occupies a spacious residence on Hroadway, sur- 
rounded by ease and luxury. Mr. and Mrs. Dem- 
mond were not blessed bj- children, but a niece, 
Miss Catherine Murraj', was a member of their 
household from her youth until her marriage to 
Col. Bartleson, who was killed during the late 
Civil War. She afterwards became the wife of 
Rush Casselberry. of Chicago. A portrait of the 
late Mr. Demmond is presented in connection with 
this sketch. 


(l( _- the most elegant business blocks of Joliet 
"Vi^J stands as a monument to the industry and 
energy of ^Ir. Vance, who erected it in 1888, and 
utili/.es all of it for the sale of furniture .ami other 
articles in that line. He is one of the leading busi- 
ness men of the I'ity, occupying a good position, 
socially and financially. He is of sl.anch New 
England stock, a Vermonter by birth, first opening 
his eyes to the light in Caledonia County, Groton 
Township, .March 13, 1840. His immedi.ate pro- 
genitors were Aaron and Lucinda (Tucker) Vance, 
who were likewise natives of the Green Mountain 
State. They traced their ancestry to F^ngLand. 

Aaron \'ance, in addition to being eng.aged .as a 
bo<jt and shoe dealer, also carried on farming. The 
parental household included eight children, all of 
whom are living and of whom the subject of this 
notice was the eldest liorn. David E. is a prac- 



ticiiig attorney of Winona, Minn.; William A. is 
tlie postmaster at Houston, that State; Albert X. 
is merc-liandising in Decorah, Iowa; Nicliolas W. 
is a banker in Wolsey, S. I).; Mancy A., Mrs. Dyen 
is llie wife of a merchant in Houston, Minn.; Abby, 
Mrs. Calvin Vance, is a resident of Money Creek, 
that State, and Aaron E. lives in Joliet. Tiie par- 
ents celebrated the fiftieth anniversary of their 
wedding May 3. 1888, at their home in Money 
Creek, Minn. The occasion was one of general 
rejoicing- and at which were convened a large 
niiinlier of relatives and friends. 

Mr. \'ance was reared to manhciod in his native 
Stale, acquiring a good education, and upon ap- 
proaching manhood eng.aged in teaching district 
sciiools four years. Later he went to Rutland and 
was occupied in the boot and shoe business two 
vears. We next find him in the United States 
Treasury department at Washington, D. C, where 
he held a clerkship from 18G"4 to 1870. During 
this time lie devoted his leisure hours to the study of 
\:\n\ nnd was graduated from the Columbia in the 
bin department, and was admitted to the bar by 
the supreme court of the District of Columbia. 

Deciding now upon seeking his fortunes in the 
Wist. Mr. ^■ancc emigrated to Minnesota and was 
engaged in the mercantile business at Money Creek 
until .January 1, 187-'5. During that year he came 
to .lolict and established himself in the furniture 
trade, which he has i)rosecuted successfully and 
thereby accumulated a competency. Polilicallv, 
he is a pronounced Republican, and while in Min- 
nesota served as Postmaster and Justice of the 

While sojourning at the national capital ilr. 
Vance formed the acquaintance of Miss K. K. Fow- 
ler, and the niutual attachment which followed 
resulted in tlieir marriage May :50, 1«()8. Of this 
union tlierc were born two children: George A., 
teller of the Will County IJank, and (Jrace Fow- 
ler, who is attending the Higli School at Winona. 
Minn. Mrs. Vance was a native of A'irginia, .and 
departed this life at her home in Joliet, November 
0, 1873. Mr. Vance on the liHh of July, 1877, 
contracted a second marriage with Miss Jennie, 
daughter of William and Keziah Lewis. This 
lady was born Marcli IS, l,si.{. in luigland. and 

spent her early years in a comparative!}' unevent- 
ful manner under the home roof, acquiring a good 
education in the common schools. Of her union 
with our subject there have l)een born two chil- 
dren, one deceased, Beulah A. the survivor. So- 
cially. Mr. ^'ance is identified with the Masonic 
fraternity, being a Knight Templar, is Prelate therein 
and also belongs to the Rojal Arcanum. For three 
years he was President of the Voung Men's Christ- 
ian Association, and is now its Vice President. His 
religious views coincide with the doctrines of the 
Baptist Church. He is President of the Will 
County Sunday-school Association, and t.ikes an 
active interest in the religious training of the 
young. The various enterprises calculated for the 
good of the community receive his cordial and 
uniform support. He has been for some time con- 
nected with the Will County Bank, in which lie 
now holds the office of Vice-President. 

LBERT L. GR.\NGKR. There is proba- 
bly not within the limits of Homer Town- 
ship .a more tlioruugh or substantial farmer 
(gjf/ than Ml'. Granger, who is successfully 

operating two hundri'd and eighty acres of chiiicc 
land oil section 32. H<' has good inipiovcrneiits, 
including a subst.-uii i;d brick residi-nce, whirh, 
with 'ts appurtenances forms a veiy attra(ii\r ;iiid 
inviting home. In aildilion to general agriculture 
he makes a specialty of heavy draft horses and 
highly-bred roadsters, and is conducting this dc- 
partment of his business in a manner which indi- 
cates his thorough knowledge of it and his |iri(lt In 
it. As a member of the community he is held in 
high esteem. 

Mr. Granger was born at his present home in 
Homer Township, Se|)tember 20. 181;!. and there 
spent his boyhood and youth in atli'iiding the dis- 
trict school; later, Knox College atGalcsburg, III., 
and the military academies at Fulton, Hi., and Phil- 
adelphia, Pa. He was married at St. Johnslmry, 
Vt., July 17. 1873, to Miss Georgiana. daughter of 
Horace 15. Jones, of A'ictory, Vt. Mrs. Granger 
was born in St. Johnslmry. December 10, 18-18. 

30 H 


Her parents were natives of Vermont, where they 
still reside. Mr. and Mrs. Granger are the foster 
parents of three children — Gertrude R., Lottie K. 
and Albert L. 

Mr. Granger, politically, is an active Republi- 
can, and takes a dee|) interest in public .affairs. 
During the late Civil "War he enlisted in Feb- 
ruary. 1.S63, in Company F. Eighth Illinois Cav- 
alry, and in (>ctober following was promoted to a 
First Lieulenancy in the Twenty-ninth United 
States Colored Troops, serving in that capacity 
until November, 1.S65. He went all through the 
Appomattox Campaign, was present at the siege of 
Petersburg, and also had the satisfaction of wit- 
nessing the surrender of Lee. 

The father of our subject was Maj. Alanson 
Granger, a native of Cortland Connty, N. V.. born 
in the town of Preble. November 18, 1802. Ho was 
there reared to manhood and was married atTrux- 
ton. that county. June 8, 1826. to Miss Mary 
Periy. The latter was born in Truxton. Novem- 
ber 25, 180'.), and after marri.age the ynung people 
settled in Homer, N. Y.. where they remained until 
183,^. That year lie emigrated to Illinois and 
located a tract cif laud on section 32. in Homer 
Township, this county-, and had the honor of nam- 
ing the township after his native place. He was 
joined by his wife the following year, and they 
continued to live on the same farm the remainder 
ot their lives. Mr. Granger departed hence Octo- 
ber 7. IHTl. Tlie mother survived her husband 
for nearly fifteen years, her death taking [ilace July 
7. 18S0. .Mr. Granger held the otlice of Township 
Supervisor several terms, and was a man thorough!}' 
respected among his neighbors. The [larental 
household included eight children, three of whom 
are living, named res|)ectively: Helen M., wife of 
Wesley D. Jones; Alvan P., of Denver, Colo. ; and 
the subject of this sketch. 

Hedge Lawn Stock Farm is a noticeable 
~ feature in the landscape of Washington 

Township, and is well known to stockmen as a 
place where Hereford cattle are made a specialtj'. 

The estate is located on section 31, and consists of 
two hundred and forty acres of well-improved 
land, supplied with excellent buildings, which in- 
clude everything necessarv for the convenience 
and comfort of the owners, and the housing of 
the stock and crops which thev raise. The subjects 
of this sketch are associated in partnership, and 
the two have been carrying on their affairs jointly 
for more than fifteen years. The farm which they 
operate was purchased by their father, Caleb Lyon, 
in 1853, and was the farailj' home until the death 
of the father in August, 1881. 

The Lyons come of an old New Jersey family of 
Huguenot stock. In Elizabethtown, Caleb Lyon 
was born in WOS, but was still a child when his 
father, Caleb Lyon, Sr., removed to Schenectady 
County, N. Y. The latter was a stage-coach and 
carriage maker, and was a pioneer in his business. 
He lived to be more than four-score years old. He 
had married Martha Lyon, a distant relative, who 
also died in the Empire State, .at the age of fifty- 
eight years. They l)elonged to the Presbyterian 
Church, as did all of the old stock. 

The father of our subject was reared in the Em- 
pire State, and under the tuition of his father 
learned the trade of a carriage and stagecoach 
maker. He married Miss Jeanette Mansfield, and 
they continued to reside in the Empire State until 
1850, in the fall of which the}' came West and lo- 
cated in the city of Chicago. There the father 
followed his trade for a time, putting his 
family on the Will County farm, but himself con- 
tinuing his employment in Chicago for some time 
longer. He belonged to the Presb3terian Church, 
and he and his wife were charter members of a 
society in Will Township, this count}', which they 
assisted in organizing. The}' were the parents of 
four sons and one daughter. 

Leverett M., one of the members of the parental 
household, gave his life to his country, being 
killed by a rebel gunshot at the battle of Chicka- 
mauga, September 19, 18G3. He had served for 
some time as a member of Company H, One Hun- 
dredth Illinois Infantry, and held the rank of 
Corporal at the time of his decease. His superior 
officers were Capt. Goddard and Col. Bartleson. 
He was twent3'-four j'ears old when his life was 



cut short by the civil contest. Tlie living mem- 
bers of the family are: William C, Kdward P., 
Henry S. and Amelia A. William married Mar- 
garet Buck, and lives in Cuffey Cuiinly, Kan., 
where he is engaged in farming; Ilenr}' S. mar- 
ried Miss Margaret Crawford, of New York, and 
has one child, Robert C; Amelia remains with 
her mother and her brother, Edward P. 

Mrs. Caleb Lyon, who still survives and is now 
an active old lady eiglit3'-oiie years of age, lives 
with her son, Edward P. She was horn in Srlio- 
harie County, N. Y., .lune 14, IHO:), lieing a 
daughter of Leverett and .Sai-ah (San ford) Mans- 
fielil, who Were natives of liew Haven, Conn. In 
the city of their birth Mr. and Mrs. .Manslield 
grew to maturity and were married, going at once 
to Schoharie County. N. Y.. where Mr. Manstield 
took up the occupation of a merchant, hotel-keeiier 
and farmer in the village of Esperanee. In later 
life he and his family removed to Illinois, making 
their home in Princeville, Peoria County. There 
he and his wife died within a few days of each 
other, the one being eighty-one and the other sev- 
enty-nine ^ears of age. They had been members 
of the Presbyterian Church from carl3' life. 

Edward P. Lyon, of this brief sketch, was Ijorn 
in the Empire State, July IS, 1842, but has spent 
the greater part of his life on the farm which he 
now oi)erates. He married Miss Lottie Rose, the 
wedding ceremony being celebrated at ISeecher, 
October 18, 1879. Mrs. Lj'on was reared in this 
State, and w;is graduated from the institution at 
Normal. For some years she was eng.aged in 
teaching in the pulilic schools of Chicago. She was 
deeph' interested in educational and literary mat- 
ters and in all that elevating and refining. A 
good mother and a loving wife, she was sincerely 
mourned by her household and man}' friends when 
she was removed bv death, December 29, 1885, at 
the age of thirt3-six 3'ears. She was the mother of 
three children — Mar}- M., Edward R. and Lever- 
ett S. 

Mr. Lyon Ijcimi for some time associateil with 
the Congregational Church, of which his wife was 
also a member. He and all his brothers vote and 
work for the cause of temperance. Mr. Lyon is 
not an office-seeker, but is ever read}- to look after 

the interests of his party in local matters and is an 
able worker in the ranks. He is respected as he 
deserves loriiis general intelligence, his zeal in the 
work to which lie iuis devoted himself, and the 
upi-ightness of his character. 

XDKIS A. INGERSOLL. This name is 
iUl\ prominent among those of tlu' public- 
spirited citizens of Homer Township, as 
one who Ikts always taken an active part 
ill the promotion of Its liest interests. .Iiulging 
from his iKimo surroundings he is more than or- 
diiKirily intelligent, industrious and cnter|)risiiig, 
ha\ing good buildings on his farm, and all the 
other appliances for the successful prosecution of 
agriculture. He has been a School Director in his 
district for the long |)eriod of twent3'-four vears, 
and most of the time for twenty-five 3ears past has 
otticiated as Overseer of Highwa3s. He takes an 
active part in political affairs, giving his uniform 
support to the Republican party. 

Mr. Ingersoll is a native of this coiintv, and was 
born in Plainfleld Township, November 20, 1,S.!9. 
In the spring of 1840, his parents removed to Ho- 
mer Township, where the father secured a farm on 
section 9, and where Andrus A. was reared toman's 
estate. His education was obtained principally in 
the common schools, while his habit of reading and 
observation have conspired to make him a thor- 
oughly-informed man, with ijrogressive ideas, and 
an acquaintance with most of the topics of the da3' 
under general discussion. He chose farming for 
his vocation, and with the exception of the time 
spent in the army, has followed this his entire life. 
During the second year of the Civil AVar Mr. 
Ingersoll enlisted in the I'nion service, August 6, 
18G2, in Compan}' G, One Hundredth Illinois In- 
fantr3-, and served until June 30, 18(J."), being mus- 
tered out on that da3'. He remained with the 
regiment until November G, 18G2, when he was de- 
tailed for detached service as an artificer, being 
thus occupied until October 8, 18G4. He was then 
transferred b\- General Order No. 108. of the War 
Deiiartment, to the First United States A'eteran 



Yolmitecr Kngiiioer Corps, -ivitli wliicli lie served 
until reeeivinsi liis honorable (lisrhai'ue. He was 
iniistered oiil at Nashville, Tenii., with the rank of 
First Sergeant. Upon one occasion while gathering 
timl>cr in the swani|)s to he used at Ft. Negley. he 
was (lisalileil by a shot from tlie enemy from 
whicli. hiiwever. he soon recovered. 

I "pon le.-iving the ar.iny .Mr. Ingersull returned 
t(i Mduier Township and resumed farming. He 
h::s one iinndri-d ami <ixty-tliref acres of good land. 

n| wliii-h In- has erecte<l substantial tiuihliiigs, 

and gatlicred around himsel*' and his family all the 
coniforts of life. He was married .March is. 1866, 
in Orland, Cook Co\inty. this .>tate. to Miss Fanny 
M.. daughter of Ichabod and .Vim E. (Reynolds) 
Mvrick. Mr. My rick was a farmer by occupation 
anddi.,1 at Morgan I'ark. Ill, .Vngust 17. 1S72. 
'I'lic mother is still living, making her home at 
Morgan Park. 

■ Mrs. Ingersoll was the third in a family of 
eleven childriai and was liorn in Orland, 111.. Sep- 
tember I'J. 1817. Hei childhood and youth passed 
quietly and uneveutfuUy under the home roof 
where she remained until her marriage. Of this 
union there have born four cliildren. viz.: Anna 
A., Walter.!., Fk)renceand I'ei-cy. The two latter 
died at the ages of twenty-two months and four 
days respectively. JIi'. Ingersoll has served as 
a Justice of the Peace for a period of fourteen 
years, and was Townshi|) Clerk one year. 

Alonzo A. Ingersoll, the father of our subject, 
was a native of \'crmont, while his mother liore the 
maiden name of Barliara Weaver, and was a native 
of Syracuse, X Y. The latter came with her par- 
ents to this county in 1833. Her father was Benja- 
min Weaver, and the maiden name of her mother 
was Phebe I'addock. I' [ion coming to Illinois 
they settled in Homer Townshii). where they s[)ent 
the remainder of their days. The paternal grand- 
parents of our subject were Chester anil Lucretia 
(Burdick) Ingersoll, the former of wlujui was a 
Colonel in the Sauk War. He came to this county 
in 1828. Subsequently he was married in Chicago, 
in 1834, and kept tlie first hotel in that cit^', which 
was familiarly known as the Green Tree House. 
Mr. IngersoU's parents were married in what is 
now the town of Homer, but which then called 

the ••Y.ankee Settlement," October 8, 1838. The 
father secured land on section 9, Homer Township, 
and on the farm wliich he built up he and his es- 
timable wife spent the remainder of their days. 
Mr. Ingersoll met his death by being struck by 
lightning. March 11), 1847. The mother died at 
the old homestead October ,j. 1861. There were 
born to them three children only — Andrus A., 
Anna A. and Pliebe P. The two sisters of Mr. 
Ingersoll are deceased. 

largest farms in Crete Township is oiTued 
by the gentleman above named, comprising 
four hundred and ten acres, and occupying a portion 
of sections 3U and 31. A portion of it is now op- 
erated by the sons of our subject, who, after many 
years of thrifty and laborious life is content to 
allow his olTspring to relieve him of some of the 
burdens which he has borne. He is the <.)nl3- repre- 
sentative in America of the parental family which 
comprised eight cliildren, and is a worthy descend- 
ant of German parents who lived to a ripe old age 
and died heartily respected b.y lliose who knew 
them. They were farmers in the Kingdom of Lippe 
Schambourg, where the eyes of their son, Gotlieb, 
opened to the light April I'.i, 1815. He was reared 
to farm life and became a farm laborer in his own 
land, where he remained until some years after be 
had set up his own househoid. 

The wife whom Mr. Seggebruch chose in his 
early manhood was Louisa Siegmann, a native of 
Ilesse-Cassel, who was reared to womanhood in her 
native State After the birth of live children the 
family', in tlie fall of 1854. left Bremerhaven for 
America, landing in New York after a voyage of 
si.x weeks. Thence they journeyed to Detroit, 
Mich., (Ui a boat, and thence to Chicago, two days 
later coming to W'M County and purchasing eighty 
acres of land. Here Mr. and Mrs. Seggebruch 
have grown old upon the land where they first set- 
tled. The acreage has been increased and the 
whole placed in a fine condition of im[)rovement 
and tillage, and well stocked with domestic animals 



and adequate machinery, while the dwelling has 
been supplied with conveniences and the household 
affairs conducted in the thrifty manner which is 
early taught to the daughters of Oormany. 

The happy union of our subject and his com- 
panion has been blessed by the birth of live sons 
and four daughters. One son, Henry, died w-hen 
seven years old; Caroline is the wife of Henry 
Oldreg, a farmer in Pottawatomie C'ouniy. Kan.: 
William married Eliza Br\ ineier, ami uperates a 
farm in Ashgrove Township, Iroquois County; 
August C, who lives on a farm in Jlonee Township, 
this county-, married Sophie Miller, who died leav- 
ing three children, after which he married Anna 
Kaurtz; Amelia is the wife of Henry Arkenberg, 
a farmer in Crete: John assists his father in work- 
ing the homesteud and resides with his parents: 
Sopiiia IS the wife of Cliarics Waggoner, who has .-i 
grcjcery store on .South Butierfield Street, Chicago; 
Louisa is tlie wife of Fred Jliller. a farmer in Pot- 
tawatomie Ci)Uiit\'. Kan.; Fred W. is still at lR>ine 
and assisting in carrying on the estate. .Mr. Segge- 
liiueh and his sons all bektng to the liepulilican 
paiiy. Tlie sturdy qualities of industrious, upright 
manhocid and womanliood l)elong to our subject 
and his good wife, and they are not only honoied 
by their progen\' but ies|iected by neighbors ami 

j?_^ ENRY LANGREDER. This gentleman 
l| )f) i'''*"'^* among the enterprising fanners of 
'i^f^ Washington Township, owning a pleasant 
^•^j and well-improved farm of one hundred 
and twenty' acres on section ;51. It has been thirty 
je.irs since he olitained a tract of unbroken prairie 
from the r.ailroad company, and during this interim 
he has made of it a fruitful e.xpanse where fields of 
waving grain take the ])lace of the wild grasses 
whicli formerly covered it. The buildings arc well 
constructed and suHicieutly numerous and commo- 
dious to answer the purpose for which they were 
designed, and everything about the estate bears the 
appearance of order which those acquainted with 
Mr. and Mrs. Langreder would expect. 

The parents of our subject were Detrick and 
Grace (Avers) Langreder, i)Oth of whom were born 
in Hanover, Germanj% and the latter of whom died 
there. In October, 1848, the father, accompanied 
by his three children, set out for the United States, 
leaving Bremen on a sailing vessel which made a 
lauding at New Orleans, La., after a tedious voyage 
of nine weeks and five days. The father and son 
workeil about four months in the Southern metrop- 
olis to earn money with which to continue their 
journey, and finally the family reached Chicago, III. 
Two days after their arrival the father died, when 
somewhat past his three-score years of age. lie and 
his wife belonged to the Luthei'an Churcli and man- 
ifested in their daily walk and conversation the 
virtues which belong to the Chiisliun religion. 

The gentleman whose name introduces this sketch born in Hanover, Germany, July 24, 1828, and 
is the 3-oungest member of the parental family. He 
was eleven years (jM when he lost his mother and 
about twenty when he b.ide good-by t(j his native 
laud. His eilucalion was iJilained in the Father- 
land under the excellent school laws which provide 
all German children with a fair share of school 
privileges. Besides himself, the only survivor of 
the parental household is a sister who is married 
and living in Minnesota. 

After the death of his father the young man 
went to California, where he s|)ent some years in 
the mining regions with the varying success which 
usually attends such cxijeriences. On returning to 
the States he resided in Cook Count}', 111., three 
years and then, in 18G0, became a resident of Will 
Count\-. He was first married in Cook County to 
Miss Louisa Riesperkart, who was born in German}- 
and came to the United .Scales when eighteen years 
old. She died at her home iii Will County when 
yet in middle life leaving a large family to whom 
she had been a devoted mother. All her offspring 
are yet living and all are now married but two 
sons: William; Henry, married and lives in Beecher; 
Fred, married and lives in Beecher; Edward. 
Adolph, Louisa and Emma. 

Mr. Langreder contracted a second matrimonial 
alliance, celebrating his marriage \(\ Mrs. Louisa 
Swarica in Washington Township. This worthy 
lady was born in Hanover, German}', and came to 



America alone, following her parents to this coun- 

trv. She is the mother of six ehildren by her 
pit sent union and two by a former marriage, viz.: 
Bertie, Mary, Lillie, Anna, Carrie and Detricli. 

\f, OHN C. BROADIE, a son of one of tlie 
early pioneers of New Lenox Township, wai 
liorn at the liomestead whieh he now owns 
j and occupies, September 12, 1868. He is 
a young man of fine talents and stands well in the 
community, being possessed of tin traits of char- 
acter which seldom fail to enable a man to become 
prosperous in business and possessed of the esteem 
and c(.)nfidence of his fellow-citizens. 

Tlie father of our subject was the well-known 
Uol)ert J. Broadie, a native of Franldin County, 
Oliio, and born near Columbus, February o, 1829. 
Tlie mother bore the maiden name of Ann Cooper, 
and she was born in Brown County', Ohio, 
February 28, 1832. The latter was brought by 
her parents to New Lenox Township when a child 
three years of age. After their marriage Mr. and 
INIrs. Broadie settled on section 28, New' Lenox 
Township, where the father prosecuted farming 
successfully, and died December 21, 1873. Tlie 
mother survived her husband for nearly twelve 
years, also dying at the old homestead, June 7, 
188.J. Tiieir family consisted of five children, the 
eldest of whom, a daughter, Lydia J., died young; 
Anna L. also died in earlj- childhood; Esther Ann 
became tlie wife of Dr. G. E. Brinl<erhoff, and 
died in New Lenox Townsliip, November II, 
11H85; Jolin C, the subject of this notice was the 
next in order I if biitli; Sarah A, became the sec- 
ond wife of Dr. lirinkerhoff. and they are living 
in Oakland, Cal. 

The subject of this sketch has spent his entire 
life at the homestead which he now owns and oc- 
euiiies. and which embraces three hundred and 
tifty acres of as line farming land as is to be found 
in Will County. Upon it is a set of neat and sub- 
stantial frame buildings, with quantities of fruit 
and shade trees, while the fields are enclosed and 
divided with good fencing, and in fact Mr. Broadie 

has all the facilities for carrying on agriculture 
after the most ap|)roved methods. He brought a 
bride to the old roof-tree in 1889, being married 
Se|)teraber 18, that year, lo Miss Mary, daughter 
of Addison and Pamelia (Lynk) Collins. 

Mrs. Broadie was the fifth child of her parents, 
and was born in Homer Township, this county, 
September 18, 1869. Her father, Addison Collins, 
was born in Rochester, N. Y., and the mother was 
born in the same State, near the city of Sj'racuse. 
Thej' were reared and married in this State, whence 
they came to Illinois at an early day, each with 
their parents, and have since been residents of 
New Lenox Township. Their family consisted of 
seven children, three sons and four daughters, five 
of whom are living. 

Mr. Broadie was reared by his excellent mother 
in the doctrines of the Blethodist Ejiiseopal 
Church, of which he is novv a faithful and consist- 
ent member, and gives to his church, a liberal sup- 
port. He is a young man of excellent education, 
having completed his studies in Br^-ant & Strat- 
ton's Business College, at Chicago, from which he 
was graduated March 1, 1888. Ho and his j'oung 
wife have begun the journey of life togetlier un- 
der the most favorable auspices and with the kind- 
est wishes of hosts of friends. A handsome litho- 
graphic view of Mr. Broadie's residence is shown 
on another page of this work. 

ing, paying much attention to breeding 
horses, stands among the most clear sighted. 

"S^ REN TICE G. STORRS, who is actively 

d))i engaged in general farming and stock-rais- 

i i 

practic*! and business-like men of his calling in 
Will County. His farm in Troy, lying along the 
DuPage River, wliieli'flowstlirough the eastern part 
of it, thus affording a never-failing supply of 
water for his stock, shows every evidence of careful 
cultivation and constant improvement. 

A native of New York, our subject was born 
near Plattsburg, Clinton County, November 22, 
1834. He remained a resident of the place of his 
birth till 1860, when he started out anew in life. 

Res. AND Farm Propertt OF John C.Broadie, Sec.28.New Lenox Tp. Will Co. I ll. 



coming to tliis State lu eari-y on his calling' on this 
fcrtilo sdjl. lie lived for several yeais on a farm 
in {irumly Countj-, and tlien boiii;lit a farm in 
Manhattan, on which he I'csided nntil his wife's 
death, when he returned to the East for a wliile. 
He subsequently sold his place in Manhattan and 
purchased his present farm in 1882. IKie he has 
one hundred and sixty acres of valuable hind, all 
under good cultivation, and finely situated five 
miles west of Joliet. He is managing his affairs 
with excellent success, doing a general farming 
business and paying considerable attention to breed- 
ing horses, of which lie has about thirty of good 
grade on his place. 

Mr. Storrs has been twice married. He was first 
wedded to Mrs. Caroline Ingram, daughter of Wash- 
burn Storrs. and widow of Mr. Ingram, of I'latts- 
burg. Their married life was not of very long 
duration, her death occuiTing in 1857. She left 
two children, Franklin and Harriet. The former 
resides at home with his father, and the latter is the 
wife of Henr^' AVillis, a milkman of Chicago. The 
maiden name of the present wife of our subject was 
Clara Comstock, to whom he was united in I'latts- 
burg, N. Y., she being a daughter of Ezekiel Com- 
stock, of Beekmantown. near I'lattsburg. Two 
children have been born of this union, Haymond, 
and a child who died in infancy. 

Mr. Storrs is a fair dealing, straightforward man. 
possessing the confidence and esteem of all about 
him, and his energy, persistence and shrevvdness 
have placed him in the possession of a comfortable 
property. In his politics he sides with the Repub- 
lican party. Airs. Storrs is a devoted member of 
the .Methodist Episcoiial Church. 

/^\ IIARLES S. SEAVEli, successor t<j the firm 
fl( _ of Monroe A Seaver, wholesale dealers in 
^^^ flour, fruits, produce, cigars and tobacco, 
occupies a prominent business place on La Fayette 
Street, where he has been established since October 
4, 1884. At that date the firm was organized being 
a continuation of the business of G. Jlonroe <fe Son. 
wholesale grocers. Mr. Seaver then purchased 

with GeC)rge H. Monroe, an interest in the business 
with which he remained connected until September, 
1888, and then became sole iiroprietor. The build- 
ing is a fine brick and stone structure, comprising 
an otlice and warerooms, a large store and basement. 
It is located opposite the Rock Island depot, which 
was built in 1887, and they do a business approach- 
ing *500,000 ftnnuall3'. In addition to his city 
einiiloyes, three salesmen represent his interests on 
the road. Mr. Seaver is an enterprising, go-ahead 
man and forms no iiiiiiiiportanl factor among the 
business interests of .loliet. 

A native of Orleans County, \'t., the subject of 
this notice was born August 17, 18.02, and is the 
sou of Samuel Stillman Seaver, likewise a native of 
the (ireen Mountain State. The latter grew to 
manhood in his iiali\e county and was married to 
Miss Martha Wright. He was born in 1808, fol- 
lowed farming and merchandising, and spent his 
entire life ujion his native soil, dying in September, 
1870, at the age of sixty-two years. The circum- 
stances of his death were very distressing he having 
been run over bv a train of cars, death ensuing in 
a short time. He was one of the oldest members 
of the Masonic fraternit}- in the State and under 
their solemn ceremonials his remains were consigne<l 
to their last rest. The mother being ill at the time, 
survived the shock only four weeks. In addition 
to fanning, Mr. Seaver dealt quite extensivel}' in 
live stock, mostl}' ctittle and horses. 

To the 'parents of our subject there was born a 
family of five children, viz.: Clarendon S., and 
Charles S., residents of Joliet; Henry Q., in Geneva, 
Neb.; William W., Walnut Grove, Minn.; antl Mat- 
tie E., in Milwaukee, Wis. 

Charles S.,our subject, acquired a good practical 
education in the schools of his native count3- and 
engaged in the mercantile business until coming to 
Joliet in 1881. In this citj- he first purchased the 
retail grocery business of (i. Monroe tt Son, which 
was located in the Opera House Building and con- 
ducting this until purchasing that which he now 

Mr. .Seaver was married in September, 1872, to 
Miss Ella A. Parker, of Orleans County, ^'t.. and 
they are the parents of one child, a daughter, 
Maude E. i\Irs. Seaver was born November 27, 



1851, in Vermont, and is the daughter of John C. 
Parker, an old resident of Vermont. Clarendon S. 
came to Joliet in 1884, and has made this city his 
headquarters since that time. 


ciianical and commercial interests of Joliet 
(I would be poorly represented in this vol- 
ume, were no mention made of the railroad 
business and the men who have it in their control. 
Aside from this reason for publisliing the biog- 
raphy of the gentleman above-named, it is a pleas- 
ure to record the success of the worthy son of a 
learned and honored father. 

The late Cornelius C. Van Iloine was a pioneer 
of Will County, to which he came in 1833, and in 
whicli his name is perpetuated by Van Home's 
Point. He jiained an extended reputation as a 
teacher, l)eing probably the first in the county ; he was 
an early Postmaster and when, in 1852, he moved 
into Joliet lie was at once chosen Mayor, being the 
first to occupy that position. He was a man of 
fine mental attainments, a lawyer and counselor of 
ability, and his character won him the regard of 
his associates. In 18-10 he married Miss Mary M. 
Richards, and they became the parents of three 
sons and two daughters. One of these, William C, 
is now President of the Canadian Pacific Railroad, 
with headciuarters at Montreal, Canada. 

The subject of this notice was born in this 
county, in September, 1844, his birthplace being 
the town of Frankfort. He attended the public 
schools, and being an apt pu|)il, advanced rapidly 
in his studies and soon acquired a good education. 
In the year 1861 he entered the employ of the 
Blichigan Central Railroad, remaining in that ser- 
vice until September 7, 1 804, when he became an em- 
(iloye of the Chicago & Alton road. Two years 
later he clianged to the Kansas City and Northern, 
after which for a brief time he worked for the Chi- 
cago, Milwaukee <fe St. Paul. Again he entered the 
service of the Chicago & Alton road, and has 
labored for it continuously since. From 1871 to 

1882 he was an engineer, but at that date he was 
put in charge of the roundhouse, and has efHciently 
superintended it since. 

An important step in the life of Mr. Van Home 
was taken in 1875, when he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Emma A. Hull, of New Lenox, 
the daughter of an old family in Plainfield. She 
is a lad\' possessing many estimable qualities and 
a consistent member of the Ricliards Street Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. She presides ably over 
the elegant home that was erected by Mr. Van 
Home in 1885. Mr. Van Home belongs to the 
Blue Lodge, Chapter and Commandery of the 
Masonic fraternity. He stands well in the opinion 
of bis fellow-men, both employers, employed and 
general acquaintances. 


II. P. WARTHEN. A favorably located 
and well-tilled farm of two hundred and 
thirty- eight acres in Lockport Township, is 
owned and occupied by this gentleman, who finds 
enjoyment in his chosen calling and the pleasant 
surroundings of his home. Every detail of the 
farm work is under efficient oversight, and tilling 
the soil has proved a remunerative vocation. 

In Licking County, Ohio, in the year 1828, a 
child was born, whose simple record is contained 
in these brief paragraphs. His early years were 
spent in attendance at the common schools, and in 
such home duties as generally fall to the lot of 
growing lads in town. He is of Revolutionary 
parentage, being a son of Alvin Warthen, a native 
of Virginia, who died in 1830. The widowed 
mother survived until 1888, reaching the advanced 
age of ninetj'-two years. She was a hotel keeper 
for sixtj'-seven years. 

Our subject came to Illinois in 1853 and [lur- 
chased a farm near Plainfield, which he afterward 
sold, buying his present estate November 6. In 
1851 he became the husband of Miss Charlotte 
Kendall, who, like himself, is a native of the Buck- 
eye State, and who possesses many of the qualities 
belonging to honored womanhood. To the happy 
couple have been bom eleven children, nine of 



wliimi ;uf li\ iiii;- and six yet luiiioi- tlii' iiarvntal 
n.of. .Mr. Waiiheii is a IH-iiKinal of the »U\ 
schodi. Ho is a reliable eitizeu and an upriuht 
man. espeeially eharital)le, and the doer of man}- 
kindly deeds known oidy to their olijeet. 


1 »ILLIAM STEDT. The sterling traits that 

\,-,'/ make the better class of the Germans de- 
W^ sirable citizens are exhibited in the life 
and laliors of this gentleman. He is enijaiied in 
<;eneral farniini;- and stork-raisini;' on seedon 2I\. 
Wasliini;ton Township, where he owns eighty acres 
of fertile lanil. The estate i~^ well-improved an<l 
bears jidod bnildings, all erected by the owner and 
inclndiiiii every needfnl and convenient strnctnre. 
Snccess is crowning his efforts and a competence 
waits njion his labors. 

In the (irand Dncliy of JMecklenbnrg, (lernKiiiy, 
the eyes of our subject lirst opencil to the light 
in the year ls40. His parents. .b_)Seph and Keirca 
(Sass) Stedt, had been liorn in the same ducliy, 
.tnd therein grew Id maturity and united their 
fortunes. The husband and fatlun- was a sheep- 
herder. In 1856 the parents, with live cliildren, 
sailed fiom Ilamliuig, liclieving that in the New 
World they could find larger op[)0rtunilies than in 
their native land, for themselves and offspring. 
After an ocean voyage of six weeks they arrived 
in New York, whence they came direct to Illinois, 
settling in I)u I'age County. They began their 
life in the new home on rented land, determined 
to succeeil in their intention to become land- 
owners and people of comfortable finances. The 
father died in that county when sixty -six years of 
age; the widowed mother is yet living, her pres- 
ent home being near West I'uion, Iowa. She is 
now seventy -seven years old. She has been all her 
life a member of the Lutheran Church, as was her 
respected husband. She is the mother of tiiree sons 
and three daugliters, all but one of whom, a daugh- 
ter, lived to come to America. 

The subject of this sketch was rdjout sixteen 
years old when the family caine to the Lnited 
Stales. His education was therefore obtained 

principally in the land of his birth. lie became (jf 
age in Du Page County, and was there married to 
IMiss Anna li. Bold, to whose housewifely skill and 
domestic virtues he owes the joys and comforts of 
his home. Three years after tlieir marriage the 
young couple came to Will Count}- and began 
their life here on an almost raw prairie, which 
now stands as a monument to the enterprise that 
has made it into a line farm. 

Mrs. Stedt was born in Mecklenburg, (iermany, 
November IS, 1,S4:t. and came to America with her 
parents when thirteen years old. The family first 
settled in Du Page County, afterward removing to 
Will County, where the father, II. Bold, died in 
1.SS5, when scvcnty-six yeai'S old. lie was a nicni- 
lier of th(! Lutheran Church, to which his good 
wife also belonged. Shcsurvi\cd until the sfjriug 
of 188i), breathing her last when eighty-two years 
old. Her maiden name was .Maiy Biuling. 

The union of Mr. and .Mrs. Stedt has been 
blessed 1)}' the birth of live children, named re- 
spectively: William. Ileniy, Charles. Herman an<l 
Mary. The parents are mendicrs of the Lutheian 
Church. Mr. Stedt is a thorough Re|)nblican. 
Their ujiright and industrious lives, their kindli- 
ness toward tlieir neighbors and all in need, and 
their desire to aid in the true development of the 
country, gain iov liiem the hearty respect of all to 
whom they are ktuiwii. 

OllN THKILKR. A stroll through the princi- 
I pal business streets of Joliet will reveal the 
fact that that city contains man}' men whose 
I enterprise and al)ility is manifest at a glancei 
and who, one is not surprised to learn, have a high 
standing in business circles. One of the establish- 
ments which gives such indications is that of 
John Theiler &. Son, dealers in groceries, provisions, 
Hour and feed, liquors, wines, etc., and occupying 
Nos. 108, IKJ and 112 South Bluff Street. The 
senior member of the firm is also the owner of 
Theiler's Hall, which occupies the upper floor of 
the building in which his business is carried on. 
Tlie birth of the sid)j'.'ct of this sketch t(.)oU 



place in Switzerland, December 8, 1829. He ac- 
companied his parents to tlie United States in 
1847, their first home huiiig in Chicago, whence 
they came to Joliet in 1850. (Jur subject first em- 
barked in life as a farmer, luit in 1858 came 
into the citj- to begin the business in whicli he is 
yet engaged. He opened upon a small scale, en- 
larging the establishment as trade increased, and 
in 1873 building the edifice he now occupies, 
afterward adding to both hall and store. He is 
agent for the celebrated bottled beer of the Au- 
heuser Busch Brewing Association, at 8t. Louis. 

In Miss Elizabeth Fender, of Joliet, Mr. Theiler 
found the qualities which he considered desirable 
in a companion, and after a successful wooing she 
became his wife May 9. 1853. She presides judici- 
ously and pleasingl)' over tlie home, and has care- 
fully reared the children whom she has borne. Five 
sons and daughters comprise the household band. 
The first-born, Mary, is now the wife of John 
Sclu'it, of this city; John is tlie junior member of 
the linn; the other members of the circle are 
Lizzie, Louisa and Joseph. 

Mr. Theiler in former 3'ears served two terms 
as Alderman, and is highly spoken of in the Fifth 
Ward. He and his family' belong to St. John's 
t'atliolic Church. His honesty and square dealing 
in all transactions with his fellow-men, his kindli- 
ness in domestic life, and his social characteristics, 
gain for him the respect of his acquaintances and 
an excellent reputation in business circles. 

OYAL E. BARBER. Among the veteran 
lawyer.s of Joliet Mr. Barber stands a promi- 
''^\ nent figure, and has made for himself a fine 
^i^ record during an uninterrupted practice of 
nearly forty-five years. He possesses in a marked 
degree the talents and application requisite to suc- 
cess, and numbers among his clientage a large por- 
tion of the solid residents of this county. During 
his long career in the profession he has disposed of 
a large number of intricate cases, and there are few 
points in common law which he is not able to han- 
dle in an adroit and skillful manner. He is of 

stanch New England ancestry, a native Vermonter, 
and was born in Benson, that State, August 3, 

John and Emma (Perry) Barber, the immediate 
progenitors of the subject of tliis notice, were na- 
tives of Connecticut, and descended from Puritan 
stock, their ancestors being among the early Col- 
onists. The mother was a cousin of Commodore 
Perry, who distinguished himself in the battle of 
Lake Erie. John Barber was a life-long farmer, 
and the parental household included seven children, 
who reached mature j'ears, and three who died in 
infancy or early childhood. 

Ro3'al, our subject, was the second horn. In 
1831, when he was a, lad of nine years, a party of 
John Barber's neighbors came to the West on a 
prospecting tour, and sent back such glowing ac- 
counts of this section of country that IMr. Barber 
was led to join them the following 3'ear. In the 
autumn of that year the part^- chartered a canal 
boat at Whitehall, N. Y.. and a week later reached 
Buffalo, where they took p.assage on the steamer 
'•Henry Clay" fcir Detroit. There the}- boarded 
the schooner "Austerlitz," which in one week 
reached Chicago or near there, anchoring, however, 
outside of the bar about three miles from shore. 
The partly and the schooner's cargo were thence all 
transported to the shore in the yawl boats. The 
steamer which conve3'ed Gen. Scott's troops to 
Chicago, in 1832, is sa.'d to have been the first 
craft of its kind which had struck that port. 

Landing near Ft. Dearborn the party encount- 
ered various thrilling incidents. When attempting 
to the sand bar the yawl grounded, and the 
sailors jumping out got it off quickly and then 
jumped in again in readiness for the next wave. 
The "Austerlitz" was bound for St. Joseph. La- 
ter the yawl boat was stranded upon the bar at the 
mouth of that stream, overturned and the Captain 
and most of his crew were drowned. 

At the time John Barber landed in Chicago, the 
onl3' buildings were a few log houses and Ft. 
Dearborn was enclosed with a log stockade. There 
was one frame building which had been erected 
that summer by J. II. Kinzie, with lumber which 
he had hauled from a sawmill at Plainfield. this 
couiit3-. The original plat of the village of Chi- 



cago, lying between what is now State and Canal 
Streets. Madison and Kinzie, was laid out that .•<inn- 
mer. The agent besought John Barber to buy a 
town lot, and took him out to what he said was 
Lake Street, and showed him a lot eighty feet 
front, and two hundred feel deep, which he offered 
for i-'>0. Mr. Barber stepped on to a bog, shook 
himself, and the earth trembled all around him. 
He therefore replied that he "not going to sink 
any 4=50 in that mud hole." 

John Barber now hired a team of horses and a 
double wagon, and gathering together his famil}' 
and some goods, forded the soutli branch of the 
Chicago River, and struck off across the prairie for 
Jsaperville, where some of his acquaintances had 
settled. He made liis selection of a farm at what 
later was named Barber's Corners, this county, 
and in P'ebruary, 1833, moved his family into a log- 
house, where the children were reared, and where 
he ai>(l iiis wife both died. Mrs Barl)er departed 
this life yjay 1, 1874. Mr. Barber i)assed away in 
the winter of 1877. Soon after coming to this 
county lie contracted rheumatism, which rendered 
him an invalid many years. This was the result of 
exposure during the cold winters, when engaged in 
getting out rails for his fences. 

The subject of this notice rcmaincil on the farm 
until lie found that the labor of harvesting, which 
was then all done by hand, made him ill every 
year. So. deciding to abandon farm life, in 184.0, 
he came to Joliet, and I)ecame the Deputy Clerk of 
several courts, discharging the duties of these in 
connection with the study of law, until his election 
in 18,')-_', as Clerk of the Circuit Court and ex-olli- 
cio Recorder. At the completion of his term he 
compiled the first set of abstracts of records, and 
then entered upon the regidar practice of law, 
which he has since pursued. With the assistance 
of clerks he managed the al)Stract department until 
selling out to his son, January 1, 1880. In 1876- 
77 he was Mayor of Joliet, iind as School Insiiector 
he performed much labor in behalf of education, 
holding this olHce nine years. In 1887-88 he 
erected the Barber Building, one of the most ele- 
gant structures in the city of Joliet. 

Mr. Barber was first married. April 24, 1840. to 
Miss Elizabeth Ellen Crowley. This lady died of 

cholera in 18,")(l. Mr. Barber contracted a second 
marriage, November 7, 1854, with Miss Frances 
Cornelia House. Of this union there were born 
five children, one of whom died at the age of three 
years. There are now living two sons and two 
daughters. The eldest daughter. Miss Alice Still - 
man Barber, is engaged in a mission seminary at 
Beirut, Syria, whither she went in the fall of 1885. 
Before she had acquired command of the Arabic 
tongue she was left in charge of the inst-itution for 
two years. Edward M.. the eldest son, is now in the 
State of New York; William C. is engaged in the 
abstract business in Joliet; the younger ilaughter, 
Emma F., is the only child remaining under the pa- 
rental roof. 

<if)ACOB J. HARTONG is carrying on agri- 
I culture very advantageously in RIainfield 
Township, where he owns a farm, which for 
>^f' fertility and productiveness is classed among 
the Ijest in this locality. His skill and experience 
in practical farming have proved of inestimable 
value to him since coming to this county, and he has 
done exceptionally wi^ll since purchasing his pres- 
ent farm, and is one of our substantial moneyed 

Our subject was born in Green Township, Stark 
County, Ohio, August 25, 1830, his father being 
an early pioneer of that section of the country. 
Jacob Hartong was a native of I'ennsylvania, his 
father, grandfather of our subject, also having been 
boi'ii ill that State, of Oerman parentage. He was 
a farmer and spent his entire life there. The 
father of our subject was left an orphan when 
quite young, and was reared by his elder brother, 
Philip. He bred to farming pursuits, and also 
learned the tr.ade of a weaver. He was married iu 
the Keystone State to Elizabeth Drich, a native of 
that State. After the birth of five of their children 
they removed to the wilds of Ohio to build up a 
new home in that part of Stark County, now in- 
cluded in Summit Countj-. Mr. Hartong bought a 
tract of land in the primeval forests of that region, 
and built a log cabin which afterward became the 
birthplace of our subject. There were but few 



settlements in that [lait of tho State, Indians still 
lingered around their old haunts, and tlie wolf and 
the deer, besides other kinds of wild game, often 
ran by the door of tlieir pioneer home. They lived 
in llie most primitive manner, the mother cooking 
their food before the tire in the rude fireplace, and 
iiKikinLT the elotii for tlieir clothes, spinning the 
tlax and wool willi her own hands. In the years 
that followed hard labor was Mr. Hartong's lot, 
but lie Ihereliy improved a desirable farm, 
whicli he made his home until he closed his eyes 
ill death. His wife too passed away to the life 
lieycind from tlie old homestead. They reared a 
larii-e family of children, seven sons and live daugh- 
ters, to good and useful lives. 

The subject of whom we write was tlie eighth 
rhild in order of birth, and was reared and edu- 
cated in his native town. He resided with liis par- 
ents until his Ivventy-tirst year, and then married 
and established a home of iiis own, and for four 
years managed his father's property. During that 
time he bought .a farm in .lat'kson 'i'ownship. Stark 
County, and operated it for two yeai's, when he 
sohl it and tlieii liveil on his fatlii r's farm until 
1801. He tlieii left Ohio, to take up his abode in 
tliis State as he was much inipiessed with the many 
iidvautages offered to young men of enterjirise and 
• pursue farming with linaneial success in 
llie rich farming country of AVilK'ouuty. After 
coming here he bongiit a farm on section 1.5, 
Plainlield Ttjwiiship, where he resided uulii ISG.S. 
Selliii"' that ) Uice. his next purchase was in Man- 
hattan Township, where he dwelt the succeeding 
tliirtecn years. Disposing of that place at a good 
prolit, lie bought the farm he now owns .and occu- 
pies, which comprises one liundred and fort_y-four 
iicres of land under excellent tillage, and supplied 
with a substantial set of buildings and all needed 
improvements. In IH'.m lie bought a desirable 
residence in the village, to which he intends to 
remove in the spring of l.S'.H. 

In 1S.'>(), .lacob Hart(.ing and Mary Heard were 
united in matrimony. She was a native of Summit 
County. Ohio, and a daughter of Henry and p:iiza- 
betli I'.caid, natives of N'iiginia, and early settlers 
of Summit County. After a pleasant wedded life 
of ten years, death deprivt'd liiiii of her compan- 

ionship, and their four children — Mary E., Martha 
A. and two since deceased — of a good mother. Mr. 
Hartong was married to his present estimable wife 
in 1861, and by their marriage they have four 
children now living — William H.,Klias G., Charles 
V. and Martin F. Mrs. Hartong's maiden name 
was INLagdalina CJardner, and she was born in Wit- 
ten burg, Germany, daughter of Martin and Hen- 
rietta Dewe}' Ciardner, also natives of Germany. 
Mrs. Hartong came to America with her parents 
when she was live years old. They located in 
Cleveland, and later came to Illinois, in April, 
18C2, and settled in Lockport Township, where 
Mr. Gardner bought a farm. They resided there 
some years, and then removed to Joliet, where the 
father died, the mother dying in Lockport Town- 

Mr. Hartong's life has been guided by [irinciples 
of honor and integrit3', and he is a man of un- 
spotted character. He is well dowered with firm- 
ness and stability, which attributes, together with 
forethought and persistent labor, have lieen in- 
strumental in bringing about his present prosper- 
ous circumstances. He and his wife are members 
of the Evangelical Assocation. They are not of 
those who "hide their light under a buslicl," and 
in the sellish striving for gain forget their duty to 
otiiers. I>ut they are ever kind anil lliouglitfnl in 
their relations with all abiait them. :ind no one is 
readier to extend sympathy or hel|i to those in 
distress than they. Mr. Hartong interests himself 
ill the political situation of the day, and siih'S with 
llie party. 

« lilLLIAM A. STRONG. One would not 
\\A// "^'^ '" ■'"''''' l"",ii- without becoming ac- 
VW (piaiiited with the part tliat has been pl.ayed 
by ^Ir. Strong in the progress of this thriving 
municipality. As an able member of a |)rominent 
luisiness firm, as the improver of city real estate, as 
a menilier of corporations and as a public oHicial he 
has deserved and won the esteem of his fellow-men 
for his uprightiKss. .ability and success. No greater 
[iroof could he given iif the contidtncs reposed in 



him than is shown in the number of estates that 
have been left in his liands for settlement. Among 
these were the Bissell, the Moore, the Curry and 
the Steel, while others are still held in trust by 

The parents of our suliject were .1. C. Strony, a 
native of Northampton, ALass., and A. C. Wood- 
worth, a native of New York State. In tiie latter 
State he was born in 1828, his birthplace being the 
town of Waterloo. He attended the public schools, 
obtaining a good education, and learned in his 
uncle, W. A. Strong's store, the habits and methods 
of successful business men. In the hardware trade, 
to which he had grown up, he was engaged in his 
native pl.ace from 1845 to 1850, when lus uncle 
.sold out and came to Illinois. He became a part- 
ner with his uncle, W. A. Strong, in Joliet, the 
firm name being W. A. Strong & Co. until 1855, 
when a new co-partnership was formed with Messrs. 
Brooks and Barrett, and the style became Strong 
<fe Co. The business was continued under different 
firm names, but always .as u prosperous institution 
until 18(;o. 

Mr. Strong, of this notice, then retired to become 
Presiilent of the Joliet Gas Conipiuiy, in which 
position he still continues, and through his good 
judgment the success of the corporation was as- 

Mr. Strong had faitli in the growth of the cit^' 
to which he had come, and purchased one hundred 
and twenty-five acres of land, which he laid out as 
a subdivision. It is one of the most beautiful parts 
of the city, and a residence in Glenwood is con- 
sidered very desirable. The executive and busi- 
ness qualities of Mr. Strong were called into retpii- 
sition by his fellow-citizens, who elected him to 
the Mayoralty and to the City Council, in both of 
rt'hich positions he made a good record. He is 
now a Director in the National Bank, and he was 
for a few j-ears eng.aged in the quarry business. 

In 1855, at the bride's home in Rochester, N. Y., 
Mr. Strong was united in marriage with Miss Char- 
lotte A., daughter of Judge Buell, oneof the build- 
ers of the Erie Canjil. Mrs. Strong is universally 
praised by those who knew her. She was strong 
in her convictions and steadfast in her purposes, 
yet possessed rare modesty and sweetness of dispo- 

sition, was charitable without displaj', and withal, 
a devoted Christian. This peerless woman died in 
Thomasville, Ga., March 20, 188:). She had borne 
her husband four children. 

One daughter, Mrs. Budlong, died in January, 
1885, leaving a child, Alice, whoso home is with 
( irandpa Strong. Two sons are in l)usiiiess and 
one daughter at home. Tlu^ Episcopal Church 
contains a splendid memorial to the deceased daugh- 
ter. To that church Mr. Strong belongs, and of it 
his wife was a meml)er. In n handsome and S|)a- 
cious dwelling overlooking the cit}'. he of whom we 
write is spending his time in deserved ease, atilu- 
ence and honor. 

OHN M. SWKiGART. A large portion of 
the business interests of Joliet is in the 
hands of its ^onng and enterprising men, 
among whom Mr. Swiggart occupies a posi- 
tion ill the f II lilt rank, lie commenced compara- 
tively without means, dependent upon his own 
resources, and about 1884 embarked in the grocerj' 
trade, locating at the northeastern corner of Easton 
Avenue and Cass Street. He has been in business 
at this point about six years and occupies a tine 
large double store in the I'nion Block, with two 
street fronts, and in which he a fine and well- 
selected stock of staple and fancy goods. He owns 
a one-third interest in this block. He gives his 
close attention to his business and has a fair out- 
look for the future. 

A native of Scottsvillc, Mo., our subject was 
born January 22, 1850, and is the son of John J. 
and Mary (Fulk) Swiggart, who were natives of 
Iowa and are now deceased. He spent his boyhood 
and youth in Hambui'g, Iowa, acquiring a practical 
education in the common schools. He came to 
Joliet in 1875, and for eight years thereafter was 
in the employ of the Joliet Steel Company. In the 
meantime he was recognized as a valued addition 
to the community, and after tilling various other 
positions of trust and resiionsibility was, in 1884, 
elected Town and City Collector on the Kepiib- 
lican ticket. 



At the close of his term of ottice lAIr. Swiygart 
established himself in the gioceiy trade on the 
southwest corner of Cass JStieet and Easton Ave- 
nue, and by a course of fair dealing and courteous 
treatment of his customers, his business increased 
to such an extent that he was obliged to move into 
more commodious quarters. Then, in partnership 
with George Monroe and William McDermont, he 
purchased the ground occupied by the Union lilock, 
upon which thoy built, and of which they still re- 
tain ownership. lie now has the largest grocery 
iu the city, building it u\> from first principles by 
his own exertions. lie is a favorite both in social 
and business circles, a member of the Masonic fra 
ternity, having attained to the Chapter degree, be- 
longs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows 
and the Royal Arcanum. In the latter he occu- 
pies the position of Treasurer. 

Mr. Swiggart was for a time A'icc President of 
the Amalgamated Association of Iron and Steel 
Workers of the Fourth District, and President of 
the Trade and Labor Council, but thought best to 
resign these positions upon going Into business. 
Mr. Swiggart. on the 2:>d of September, 187.5, was 
wedded to Miss Isaphinc Crouch, who at that 
time was a resident of Thurnmn, Iowa. Mrs. Swig- 
gart was born .lannar^y 21. \x'i\, and is the daugh- 
ter of Hiram Crouch ami wife, who are now 
dcceaseil. The young couiile iinmedintely after 
their wediling came to .loliel, of whicli they have 
since been residents. 

John .1. Siviggart. the father of our subject, was 
born in Oliio. wlicre lie was reared to man's estate 
and married. Thcni-e he removed to Missouri, and 
from there to lown. locating in Hamburg, where 
he and his cstiniable wife spent the remainder of 
their days. 

/>^K()R(;F NAPOLKOX POMEIiOY. A stroll 
(II (^— through the prominent sti'eets of .loliet 
'•'^^ reveals the fact tliat it contains many busi- 
ness houses of line appeai'anee, well stocked with 
the best goods and evidently tlie centers of a nour- 
ishing trade. Such is tlie furnituie sturi' of the 

firm of Rocky & Pomeroy, which was established 
in 1887, and which is now doing a business of 
19,000 per year. The careei- of the junior mem- 
ber of the firm has been marked with a determina- 
tion and persistence that could scarcely fail to win 
success. While working for others he was faithful 
to the interests of his emploj-ers, and in serving 
others he learned how to be a master. His busi- 
ness is conducted according to princi- 
()les of square dealing, which, combined with the 
courteous treatment received by the patrons of the 
establishment, redounds to his credit throughout 
the comnuinit}', and brings custom. 

The natal day of our subject was November 5, 
1855, and his birthplace Baj^ City, Mich. His 
parents were William and Charlotte (Sherman) 
Pomeroy, and the father was a millwright by trade. 
He was originally from the Green Mountain State. 
In the family were seven children, all still living 
but William, who was drowned in the Saginaw 
River. The others are: Mrs. Dr. Nash; C. H., of 
Bay C'ity, Mich; Mrs. .John .Tcnkins. of Detroit; 
David and Daniel, (twins), the one living in De- 
troit and the other farming in Shiawassee County, 
Mich.; and the subject of tliis sl;elch. 

Tlie gentleman of whom we write passed his 
lioyliood upon a farm near Howell. Mich., his 
father being at that time the kee|)er of a tavern at 
what was known as the Three Corners. Pomeroy's 
Hotel l)eeame a popular and well-known pl.ace of 
rendezvous for those engaged in the lumber trade. 
The family removed from the farm to Ann Arbor, 
where our subject attended school four or five 
years. When the father ilied, February 22. 1874, 
the family became scattered and (ieorgc went to 
Lansing, doing whatever offered in the way of 
work. Siitisequently. after spending a short time 
in (Jrand Rapids, he worked on a farm for a 
time. tli"n realizing the highest .ambition of his 
bovliood liv entering a shop as a clerk. 

After eleven months of this work Mr. Pomeroy 
became foreman of a bakery anil confectionery 
shop ill liny City, which he left to take a position 
ill a cracker factory that had been purchased by 
his brother C. II.. and C. ('.Whitney. With them 
he reniaineil ihree ye.ars. attending to tlie shipping. 
Inlying, and similar details of the business. In 






1884 he was oalled to Joliet by a telegram announc- 
ing the expected death of his mother. His first 
labor in this city was in a conservatory, his em- 
ployer bein,;^ A. R. Sparr. He next entered the 
oniplo}- of George IMonroe <i' Son, first working on 
a I)uilding the}' were erecting, and then becoming 
assistant shipping clerk for tlie firm. He next 
learned the ui)h()lstering trade of K. V. Klni\ re. 
for whom he worked nearly a year, leaving iiim to 
estaljlisii a business of his own in Kank.akee. There 
he remained l>ut eighteen months ere returning to 
.billet to continue the u|)hoIstcring business here. 

In Miss Jennie Rocky, Mr. Pomeroy found 
united the qualities of mind and heart, the pleasing 
ujanners, and useful accomplishments which won 
his deep regard and aroused in his breast the desire 
to make her his wife. His wooing proved success- 
ful, and on .September 2(), 1885, the yoimg couple 
ivere united in marriage. Mr. Pomeroy is a mem- 
b.'r of the society know as the Modern Woodmen 
of America. He is identified with the Methodist 
K[)isco|)al Church, having full fellowship in that 
religious organization. 

LV. .lAME.S J. McGOVEUX. D. i). The 
record of the life of this gentleman, whose 
A y portrait appears on the opposite page, affords 
a striking Illustration of the results of force 
and decision of purpose in a man, as well as of the 
power which an energetic and honorable character 
exercises upon the lives of others. From boyhood 
he Las unceasingly applied himself to the gaining 
of knowledge and, as a consequence, is highl}' cul- 
tured and wu'lds a large influence both from the 
pul|)it and with tlie pen. Although he has been a 
resident of I-ockport only about ten years, he is 
nevertheless inseparably associated witii the most 
important religious enterprises of Will C'nunly in 
the ranks of the Catholic Church. 

Chicago was the native place of Father McGovern 
and there he was born March 25, 18.'39. He spent 
his boj-hood in his native city, being among the 
first pupils attendlTig the Dearborn jiublic school, 
on Madison Street, and aftenvard stiidyius classics 

' in the University of St. Mary of the Lake. When 
J fourteen years of age he was sent to Rome, Italy, 
where he entered the Proiiaganda College, remain- 
ing there ten years, graduating with high honors 
and earning the title of Doctor of Divinity. On 
his I'eturn to Chicago he was appointed Vice-Presi- 
dent (if tlie rnivcrslty of St,. Mary of the Lake, 
and Keclor of the Tiieologlcal Scmiuary connected 
with that institution. Wiien the university ceased 
to exist he went to Fulton, 111., where he began the 
earcer (jf upbuilding for which he has since become 
noted. His efforts secured the erection of a beauti- 
ful church and residence, but the energetic priest 
did not louLj enjoy the fruits of his lalior in tliat 

The nest location of Father McGovern was 
Bloomington. 111., where the large church building 
which had been in course of construction was de- 
molished by n cyclone April 24, LSG><. He took 
hohl <.>f aft'airs with the characteristic energy which 
: hail led to his being sent to this fielil of labor, and 
not only rebuilt the cuurch edifice, but als<i erected 
a residence and started a boys' parochial school 
which has sim-o become an educational power In 
that city. \Vhen the new .See of Peoria was formed 
he returned to his native diocese afld took charge 
of the church In Rock Island. 111., filling the place 
of tlie Rev. Joseph P. Roles, who went on a trip 
to the Holy Land. While occupying the tempor- 
ary vacancy he was instrumental in the erection of 
churches at Edgingtou and Pre-emption, Mercer 

In 1875, Father Mc(!ovcrn was sent to Lake 
Forest, Lake County, where he built a church and 
parsonage and reorganized the parish, so that on 
his departure to another Held of labor he had one 
of the most flourishuig churches in the tHocese. 
Lockport became his home in 1880, and here he 
has again founded a school which is rapidly gaining 
in numerii'al strength and reputation. He has the 
second largest church in Will County, a fine parish 
residence that he bought for the church, a devoted 
people, and his infiuence is unbounded. 

Rev. Dr. McGovern is a man of deep theological 
knowledge, classical information and literary taste, 
and li.a.s pleasant ways which gain good will and 
pre|)ossess strangers in his favor. As an author 



he lias gained wide repute, the chief work which he 
has written beinjj; the life of Bishop McMullen, of 
Davenport. Iowa, which ranks high among bio- 
graphical writings, lie has always been a liberal 
contributor to the public and Catholic press, and 
manj- to whom his voice is nnfamilinr know him 
well through his writings. 


\i=^'RANKLIN p. FREY. Among the younger 
ll=i4g' business men of Joliet, honorable mention 
/ll, shouhl be given to the above-named gen- 

tleman, who has been identified with the coal busi- 
ness for a number of years and who has been 
prospered in his worldly affairs by reason of his 
square dealing, excellent judgment, and wise man- 
.agement. He does a business of from 88,000 to 
$10,000 a year. 

The Frey family is traced back to Switzerland 
whence the grandfather of our subject came to 
America at the age of seventeen years. He was a 
tanner by trade. To him, at his home in Pennsyl- 
vania, was born a son, J. H., who after becoming 
a man turned his attention to mercantile pursuits. 
J. H. Frej' married Margaret Hartong, who was 
also a native of the Keystone State, and in an early 
d.ay they took up their abode in Ohio. In 1856, 
thej' came to Illinois, locating in Plainfield, this 
county, whence they removed to Joliet in 1858. 
Mr. Frey had kept the toll gate on tlie old plank 
road, prior to his removal to this cit}'. To this 
couple nine ciiildren were born, their record being 
as follows: Mrs. Fiannah Peddicord lives in West- 
ern Kansas; Daniel R., in Dakota; Samuel M. died 
in Iowa in June. 1876; Onriasdied atCam[) Doug- 
las, 111., in 18G3, bi'iiig a member of the Sixty- 
fourth Illinois Infantry-; Byron S. lives at Lock- 
port; Adam died in infancy; F. P. is the next in 
order of birth; Mrs. Ilattie M. Mapps, lives in 
York, Neb.; Anna still remains at home. 

The gentleman with whose name we introduce 
this sketch was born in Manchester, Ohio, Septem- 
ber 29, 1852, but passed his boj'hood in Joliet, 
having been brought thither at the age of four 

years. In the common schools he received a good 
education and from his worthy parents the moral 
teaching and habits of industry which have been 
practiced in his business and social career. He 
started out in the coal tr.ade by entering the em- 
ploy of J. Q. A. King, for whom he worked by the 
month until 1874, when he opened an office for 
himself. Since that date he has continued a 
scarcely interrupted business. 

The first Presidential ballot of "Sir. F'rey was 
cast for V. S.Grant, and his political allegiance has 
ever been given to the Republican party. He was 
nominated for Assistant Supervisor in 1890, 
against his (irotest, .as he had no desire to enter 
public life. His talents are made available in so- 
cial and religious matters, and he is Financial Sec- 
retary of the Patriotic Order of Sons of America, 
and Treasurer of Erwin Council, No. 1 10, of the Na- 
tional Union. He is also Secretary of the I'resby- 
terian Sunday-school, a position he has held eight 
years, and is numbered among the active members 
of the church. 

The lady whom Mr. Frey wooed and won for his 
wife, was in her girlliood Miss Minnie M. Hicks. 
She is a daughter of S. J. Hicks who now resides 
in Oshkosh, Wis., and is an estimable lady with 
cultured mind, useful knowledge and pleasing man- 
ners. The rites of wedlock were celebrated July 31, 
1881, and four bright children have come to bless 
the union. They are named respectfully — Chester 
C, Edna M., Lulu M. and Ella Rue. 

lillOMAS W. BROWN. As a sagacious, 
practical, industrious farmer, the subject of 
^ this biographical review has played an im- 
portant part in the development of the rich agri- 
cultural interests of Plainfield Township, and his 
well-ordered farm, with its neat buildings and well- 
tilled fields, compare favorably with the finest in 
this part of the county. Mr. Brown, though 
looking after his agricultural affairs himself, does 
not occupy his farm but makes his home in the 
village, where a few 3'ears ago he purchased a fine 
residence, which is built in a modern and pretty 



stj'lo of architecture, and is v.oll and tastefully 

Our sulijcct was liorn in Fifesliirc, .Scdtland. 
Aiirii 11, 183',t. His fallRT,.li)hn Brown, is thought 
to have been a native of Dunifrieshire, his fa- 
tiier of the same name, being also a native of Scot- 
land, and of Scotch ancestry. He was a weaver and 
followed tliat trade tlic greater part of his life. 
'I'lie fatlier of our subject was reared to agricultu- 
ral |iursnils. but for a number of years after mar- 
ri;ige. operated a stationary engine in a spinning- 
factory. He continued to reside in tlie land of his 
liiitb until 18."i;J. wlicn with liis wife and tliirteen 
children he embarked for America in the month of 
August. Landing at New Yoriv he came directly 
to t'liicago and after a short stay there, came to 
Will County, and settled in Wheatland Townshi[), 
where he purchased a tract of land a few acres of 
which were broken and .'■ome small buildings were 
on the place. He was actively engaged in tlie 
management of that farm until his life was brought 
to a close in 1885, and thus [jassed away one of the 
worthy pioneers of the county. The maiden name 
of ihf mother of our subject was Lumsdale. She 
never came to America but died in iier native 
Seotland, in 1849. The father married a second 
time. His wife survives him and still resides on 
the homestead in Wheatland Township, ^[r. Brown 
was the father of eight children 113- his first mar- 
riage and five by the latter. 

Tiic son, of whom we write, received his educa- 
tion in the schools of his native shire. He was 
fourteen years old when he accompanied his pa- 
rcn'-s to America, and he commenced life here as a 
farm lal)orer, working I)y the month. After a few 
years he returned home to assist his fatlier in the 
management of his farm and remained with him 
until his marriage, when he rented land in Kendall 
County. So well was he prospered that in 1S70. he 
was enabled to become a land-owner himself, pur- 
chasing in that year sixty-two acres of land in 
Plainfield Township and a few jears later, buying 
the .seventy acres adjoining, and subsc'iuentl}- be- 
coming the possessor of fifty acres more, so that 
his farm now contains one hundred and eighty-two 
acres of unsurpassing fertility whose improvements 
are of the best. He did not, however, settle on his 

farm but lived in Kendall County until 18SS, when 
he removed to I'laintield to Ids present line resi- 

Ml'. r>rown has been twice married, in 1859, 
he was wedded to Mai'ian \'audervort, a native of 
Vermont, and a daughter of .loliu X'andervort. 
'J'he following four childi-eii were born of that 
marriage: Murian Elizabeth, Silas A., Florence E. 
and Dilroy M. Our subject's second marriage oc- 
curred in 1879, when he was united to Miss Han- 
nah M. Smith, a native of Kickapoo, HI. Her fa- 
ther, Daniel Snuth, was born in Kent, England, 
and came to America with his wife and three chil- 
dien. He resided in New York for a time and 
then, coming to HIinois, was a pioneer of Peoria 
County. .M)out 1812, he came to Will County 
and bought a farm in Plainfield Township, on 
wliich lie resided until his mortal career was 
brought to a close in 1«G.'). The maiden name of 
his wife was MaiT Bachelor. She was born in Eng- 
land and died in Plainfield. 

j'Sh'. Brown is a self-made man in the truest sense 
of the word : with sound understanding developed 
by intelligent reading and careful observation, 
a stable character and industrious habits, he is 
an influence for good in this community with 
whose soeial, religious, and material interest he is 
associated. He and his wife are members of the' 
Methodist Episcopal Church, and by their conduct 
in the everj' day affairs of life show themselves to 
be sincere Christians. A citizen of public s|>irit 
and alwa3-s evincing a general interest in the wel- 
fare of the township and county, our subject inter- 
ests himself in politics and is a devoted follower of 
the Republican party. 

' , OHN H. OHLENDORF, Jn. The late John 
Ohlendorf was a leading farmer of Crete 
Township and quite an old settler therein. 
He was a native of Hesse, German^', born 
September 16, 1827, and died at his home in this 
township. May 25, 1888. He was the oldest of 
five sons and two daughters born to his parents. 
and grew to man's estate in his native land. He 



received a goorl practical education in tiie Fallier- 
land, whence, in 1852. lie came to America witli 
the other members of the parental family. Sail- 
ing from Bremerliaven in June, they spent seven 
weeks on the liriny deep, finally landing in New 
York City, and, as a united f.amily, coming west 
to Chicago, 111. Soon afterward they all came to 
to this county. 

John Henry Ohlendorf, Sr., was reared to farm 
pursuits in his native Hesse, and was also a local 
officer there for some years. He married a Hessian 
lady, Miss Sophia Senne. AVhen thej' arrived in 
this county, he purchased one hundred and sixty 
acres of land on sec^tions 3i and 35, Crete Town- 
ship, (laying ^1.100 for the same. It was mostly 
wild land at the time of purchase. There the 
parents of our subject liveii for some years, when 
they purchased another farm and gave their orig- 
inal estate to their eldest son. They subsequently 
gave their second farm to their second son, and con- 
tinued this process until all their sons were estab- 
lished in good homes, when they made their home 
with their joungest son, August. Tliere the 
father died July 9, 18H2. at the advanced age of 
seventy-eight years. His widow is _yet living, still 
making her home with her son, August. She is 
now nearly seventy-eight years of age. She is a 
member of the Lutheran Cliurch, of which her hus- 
band was also a member, and like his, her life has 
been characterized by industry and piety. 

Realizing that it is not good for man to live 
alone, he of whom we write led to the h3nncneal 
altar Miss Wilhelmina Arkcnberg, the marriage 
rites being performed at the home of the bride in 
this township. She was born in the Kingdom of 
Hanover, Germany, November 16, 1835, and is the 
oldest child of William and Dora (Gisika) Arken- 
berg. Her father was a shepherd in Germany, that 
having been the avocation of the family for several 
generations. After the birth of their four sons and 
two daughters, Mr. and Mrs. Arkenberg emigrated 
to America, sailing from Bremerhavcn to New 
York. They came at once to Chicago and later to 
this county, tiiis being in 1853. Sir. Arkenberg 
purchased a farm near Goodenow. Crete Town- 
ship, making of it an estate of considerable value. 
There lie breathed his last in 1880, at tlie age of 

seventy-two years. His widow departed this life 
four years later wlien seventy-one years of age. 
Both were members of the Lutheran Church. 

The wife of our subject having been seventeen 
years of age when she accompanied her parents to 
America, received the greater part of her educa- 
tion in her native clime. With the devotion of a 
true wife, she labored hard with her husband to 
m.nke a home for their farail3', proving her efficieuej' 
in household duties, and as a counselor and sym- 
pathizing helpmate wherever woman's work is 
needed. After the death of her husband, she took 
up her residence in Crete, where she is still living, 
with her youngest child. She is the mother of 
three children — Henry W., whose biography occu- 
pies a page in this volume; Amelia, wife of Ilenrj' 
Triebold, their home being on a farm in Crete 
Township; and Regina, who is her mother's com- 
[lanion. She is a member of the Lutheran Church, 
to which her children also belong, and with which 
her deceased husband was identified. The life of 
Mr. Ohlendorf was one of persevering industry, 
neighborly kindness, and unassuming devotion to 
the principle's in which he believed, and his death 
removed from^tlie township a citizen whose worth 
was unquestioned. Besides leaving a good home 
to his heirs, he left to them that best of all inheri- 
tances, a name and memory wliich can be thouyht 
upon with loving reverence. 

^P:0RGE E. SHAW, one of the most pros- 
perous farmers of Plainfield, has been a 
^?^;JlJ resident of this township for more than 
thirty years, and has been closely associated with 
its agricultural developriient, helping to make AVill 
County one of the finest farming regions in the 
State, and during tins time he has acquired a 
goodly amount of property and has placed him- 
self among the substantial citizens of the com- 

Mr. Shaw is a native of Elizabetlitown, N. J., 
born Februar}' 2, 1815, a son of Elijah Shaw, 
who is thoua;ht to have been born in New York 



State. The latter learned the trade of a cooper 
and followed that (.'ailing in Columbia and Dutr hess 
Counties. At his death, in 1822, in llie town nf 
Milan, a useful and honorable life brought 
to a close. The maiden iiame of the mother of 
our subject was Catherine Altiiouse. She is thought 
to have been born in Dutchess County and spent 
her last years with a daughter in Westchester 
County, N. Y. There were seven cliildren born 
to the parents of our subject of whom the fol- 
lowing six were reared: Marj', Jane, (ieoige K., 
Elijah, Pliiebe and Helen. The mother of the sub- 
ject of this sketch was married a second time, 
becoming the wife of (ieorge Shaffer and the\ 
reared one (laughter, Louisa. 

Our subject was but seven years old wlicii lie 
had the misfortune to lose his father and oiu,' \ c:u- 
later he went to live witii a farmer, Philip [. 
Zink. lie was bred to agricultural pursuits, re- 
ceiving in return for his services his board and 
clothes. At the age of twent3'-one he started out 
for liimself. with eni|)ty [)Ockets and in debt for the 
cloth to make the suit of clothes iiial he wore. .\ 
j'onug man of his willingness ;ind capability. ti> 
work found but little dilHculty in obtaining a situ- 
ation, and he was soon engaged on a farm in 
Dutchess County, his wages being ^12 per month 
for eight months in the \'car, and during the win- 
ter season he was oliliged t(; work for ^8 per 
month. He labored very hard and in-udently 
saved his earnings, and" the fcjUowiug spring in- 
vested a [lart of them in a tract of three hundred 
acres of wild tindter laud in Co<lieeton. Sulli- 
van County, in i)art p.iyuieni fo}- it giving eight 
months more work. He did not locate on his |iur- 
chase at that time but c<jutiuued working for a 
few years, until he was enabled to buy two hun- 
dred acres adjoining it, and after marriage he 
bought a house and three acres of laud in 
ford, Dutchess County. The following yi-ar ( 1 M47 ) 
he sold that place and went to Sidlivan County 
intending to settle on his land there, but before 
building, he embraced a fine opportunity to sell a 
part of his land for an improved farm in the 
town of Bethel, the same county, and twf) years 
after that he bought the remainder of the first 
tract he had previously purchased. Hearing much 

of the wonderful fertility of the soil of the Prai- 
rie State and the various other advantages offered 
tti the pr.actical, wide-awake farmer, he determined 
to try life here, and selling his farm in New York, 
he came to this State and two years later pur- 
chased the farm where he now resides. Kighty 
acres of this is located on a part of section :>'i, 
and he has besides another eighty-acre tract on 
the same section, and eleven and one-half acres 
of valuable timber land on section 27. In tlui 
years of hard labor that followed his settlement 
here Mr. Shaw devoted himself assiduously t(^ 
the work of liis farm, and has brought about a 
great change in every respect, erecting roomy, 
convenient buildings, suitable for every purpose, 
cidtivatiug the land after the best methods and 
providing himself with the best machiiiery, so 
that his place may be regarded .as a model in its 

Mr. Shaw has been married three times. His 
lirst wife, to whom he was united in 1811, was 
Catherine E. Selioonovcr. She a native of 
Dutchess County, N. Y., aiul a daughter of Richard 
and Ann Scliooiu)ver. Her death, ()ct<iber .'51, 
18. )l). deprived him of a good wife. He was next 
married, September 11, 1851, to .Alar^' A. Colsen, 
a native of Irelauil and a daughter of William 
anil Ann (.'olseu. After a pleasant wedded life of 
nearly thirteen years he deprived of her assist- 
ance Ijy death .July 10, 18G1. To them had been 
born three children, namely: William E., George 
H. and Lewis. William married Martha Kennelly, 
and has three children — Ella, Margaret and Lester; 
Ceorge H. married Estella O'Strander and has one 
child, Ethel. 

The marriage of our subject to his presei>t wife 
was solemnized May 16,18G'.), her maiden name was 
Anna Coon, and she wa.s born in JHlan. Dutchess 
County. N. Y. Her father, Pliilii) A. Coon, ia su[)- 
posed to have been born in Columbia County, 
.\. Y., and his father. John Coon, was a f:u-mer 
and died in .lohnslown, Montgomery' Count\-, N.Y. 
Mrs. Shaw's father w;is also a farmer and at one 
time owned a farm in .Mihui. lie came to HIiuois 
with Jlrs. Shaw ami died at her home in ls71. 
The maiden name of his wife was Hannah Link, 
i and she was a native of Milan. Her father, John 



Link, is supposed to have been born there, and to 
have been a descnndant of German anceslry.. He 
carried on farming in that town until his death. 
Mrs. Shaw's mother died in Milan about 1858. 

Mr. Shaw is a sturdy representative of our self- 
made men, as, beginning life in poverty, he has 
worked his way up to a position of comparative 
wealth all througli his own efforts, he having been 
well equipped for the struggle with energy, deter- 
mination, and a good capacity for skillful labor, 
besides being a man of steady habits, thorough 
conscientiousness and unswerving integrity. He 
and his wife are sincere religious people, and the 
Congregational Church finds in them two of its 
most faithful members. He was a Whig iu former 
days, but since the formation of the Republican 
party has been one of its most cimsistent sup- 

ETKR P. ADLKR. This gentleman is 
)1 numbered anumg the prominent citizens 
of Joliot, where he has been engaged in 
business for a number of ye^rs, manifest- 
ing a degree of ability and enterprise tliat has 
given iiim a higli standing in business circles and 
wins f(ir him a nourishing trade. He is a member 
(if the firm of Adler ISrotiiei's, stock dealers and 
shipjiers. and wliolesah' and retail dealers in meats. 
Their market is situated at No. 112 lixchange 
Street, in tlie National lilock; and their business 
of shi|iping stock to tlie Knst necessitates the buy- 
ing Ijy wholesale in Kansas Citv. Mo., and various 
other points in the West. 

Tbe subject of this sketch owns considerable 
land in the township and has charge of the estate, 
whereon horses, mules, cattle, and hogs are raised 
in considerable numbers. He is known as a gen- 
eral farmer iu a large way, wiiile he has also at- 
tended to the shipping of the stock of the liini, 
simply overseeing the business. 

Mr. Adler was born in .loliet Township, this 
county, October 8, 1842, being a son of Michael 
Adler, whose history will be found in the sketch 
of Jacob Adler on another page of this Album. 
He grew to the age of nineteen years on the farm, 

after which he learned the trade of a shoemaker in 
the city of Joliet. After mastering his trade, he 
engaged in the clothing business, continuing in it 
several years, but in 1868 beginning the meat busi- 
ness. He bought with his brother Jacob, having 
charge of the market, and since they extended 
their business to include the buying and shipping 
of stock, he has spent much of his time in Kansas 
City. Mo., or in various parts of the State of Kan- 
sas, interested with his brother-in-law, F. G. Rap- 
plc. He has an interest in the building in wiiich 
the market is carried on. 

The marriage of Mr. Adler took place at the 
bride's home, in Joliet, in 1805. She was born in 
Ohio, in 1844, to Joseph and Elizabeth Flick and 
was christened INIar}' A. Her father was a native 
of Alsace, when it was a department of France, 
and her mother was born in Pennsylvania, her 
maiden name having been Seuter. The family 
came to this county in 1833, and Mr. Flick en- 
gaged in the hotel business in the same house the 
family now occupies. He died in 1873, leaving a 
wiih.iw and tour daughters, three of whom now 
survive, two lieing at home. 

To Mr. Adler and his estimable wife six children 
have been born, three of whom are living. They 
are named respectivelj': Angeline, Lizzie and Peter 
M. J. The parents belong to St. John's Catholic 
Churcli and stand well in the esteem of their ac- 
quaintances, their cliaracters and intelligence ren- 
dering them useful and agreealde members of 

■^\ HARLKS C. McCLAlGHRV, A. B. This 
I '^ young gentleman, who is now filling the 

^ position of Chief Engineer of the Hlinois 
State Penitentiary, at Joliet, is a man of more 
than or<linary ability and strength and nobilit}- of 
character. He was the recii)ient of excellent ad- 
vantages duiing his bo^yhood and youth, made a 
good use of them, and possesses a mind well 
stored with useful knowledge and capable of grasp- 
ing with firmness and with acute perception, sub- 
jects brought before him for consideration. With 



this, he has linn i)riiu'ipk\s ami agreeable, courte- 
ous maniiei-s. 

The subject of this brief biographical notice 
was boru at Cartilage. Hancock County. April 7, 
1863, wliile his fatiier was in the army. AVlien 
eleven years old he came to Joliet with liis parents, 
fini.shing his education at Knox College and being 
graduated with the degree of Bachelor of Arts in 
the class of '8a. He then entered the m;icliine 
siiops of tlic Illinois Steel Company in order 
to acquire the trade of a machinist, which he 
completed in that establishment. He was after- 
ward connected witii tiie firm of E. R. Brainard 
it Co.. in tlicir machine department in the peniten- 
tiir^', leaving tiieir employ November 1, 1889, at 
wiiich time he was appointed chief engineer of the 
prison. He is a member of the Lincoln Club, an 
organization of j'oung Republicans, and belongs to 
the Central Presbyterian Ciiurch. 

At the residence of W. C. DemmontI, of this 
city, June 28. 1888, the marriage ceremony was 
performed which united the subject of this slcetch 
and Miss Helen A., daughter of the host. The 
bride was born in this city, which has ever been her 
home, and where she lias made many friends by her 
genial manners, intelligence and estimalilc charac- 
ter. To her and lier husband one child lias lieeii 
born, who bears the name of Helen B. 

Maj. Robert W. McClaughry, the father of our 
subject, was Warden of tiie penitentiary in Joliet 
for fifteen years. He born in Fouiilain (ireen, 
Hancock County, July 22, ]83i», aixl remained at 
home on a farm until Ifi.")!). He then en(ere<l Mon- 
mouth College, being graduated in 18(;(), and re- 
maining in the instituti(jn one j'car as Professor of 
Latin. Peturning to Hancock County in 18(11, 
he settled at Carthage and became cdilor of the 
Carthage Ri'publicdii. In response to Piesidciit 
Lincoln's call for three hundred thousand men. he 
enlisted, in August. 18t;2. as a private in the One 
Hundred and Eighteenth Illinois Infantry, lie was 
chosen Captain of Company 1>, and in Novemlier 
following was elected Major of the regiment. He 
participated in all the campaigns in the Gulf de- 
partment, which resulted in the capture of V'icks- 
burg, and in all those in Western Louisiana until 
June, 18<J4. when he was transferred to the pay 

department .as Paymaster and assigned to duty at 
.Springfield, 111. He remained thereuntil October, 
I8G5, when he was mustered out of the service. 

Having been elected Clerk of Hancock County, 
M.aj. McClaughry at once assumed the duties of 
that ofHce. which he held until 1869. During the 
next two years he was engaged in the stone quarry 
business in Sonora and furnished stone for the rail- 
road bridge over the Mississijipi at Keokuk,and also 
for the Government canal at the same place, and 
for the foundations of the new State Cajiitol at 
Springfield. In 1871 he went to St. Louis, Mo., to 
take charge of the St. Genevieve quarries, but the 
following year, his health failing, he returned to 
Monmouth. III., and entered the office oi Judge 
Glenn, to attentl to a portion of his business. There 
he remained until August 1, 1874, when he was 
a[ipointed Warden of the penitentiary of this 
lilace. He was married, in 1862, to Miss Eliza- 
beth Madden, of .Aloniiiouth. and has five children 


ICllOLS D. DYER. The flourishing city 
), of Joliet contains man^- business houses in 
whose management great tact is displayed, 
and in which a trade is carried on that gives circu- 
lation to thousands of dollars per annum. One of 
these flourishing estalilishmeiits is that of the sub- 
ject of this skeleh, who is a dealer in dry-goi->ds. 

Fifteen years after the Pilgrims of the "May- 
llowei" had landed on Plymouth Rock, the first 
record of William and Mary Dyer, who were first 
cousins, is found in I'xjston. Like many others in 
that day lliey had left the refinements of an Eng- 
lish home, to brave the <liseoinforts of the Western 
wilderness in order to enjo}' tiie blessing of relig- 
ious liberty. William Dyer was li'd by the ehj- 
qneiice of Roger Williams to espouse the cause of 
the ISaptisls, whereupon he was disfranchised and 
like many othei's compelled to leave the colony. 
His wife walked out of a meeting of Puritans in 
compan}' with Mrs. Hutchinson. The banished 
Dyers bought the little isle — Rhode — Island — then 
called Arpiiilunk or Isle of Peace. Of the n(>w 
colony who settled "Little Rhody," ANilliani Dyer 



was selectefl as t'lerk, subsequently becoming Re- | 
cordei-, Clerk of the Assembly and Atto ney-Gen- 
eral. His wife still adhered to tlie (Quaker belief 
altliougli opposed to the siiirit of intoleranee 
characterising that body, and especially, the un- 
just law of banishment. Restless under it and 
firmly believing she had a mission to perform, she 
returned to Massachusetts to secure a reformation. 
In this she failed, and was therefore a martyr to 
her religious belief, and was brought to the gallows 
for execution as one sowing the seeds of sedition, 
by direction of Gov. Kndicott. Through the inler- 
venlion of a si>n she was spared, only to again re- 
turn to the sann- mission and bei-omo a martyr to 
her faitli. (iuile a number of the pi'ogeny (if these 
ruritans lia\ e become noteil in American history. 
N. IX Dyer, of uiioin we write, is one <if the lineal 

■J'he sulijt'et of tliis biograpliiral notice was born 
in Lexington, Ohio, .buiuary I 1, 1841. He is llie 
eighth in a family of five sons and four daughters, 
born to Daniel II. and Fhila (LSeaversloek ) Dyer, 
natives of N'crnntnt. and is the only survi\ or ex- 
\vpt his sister, Mrs. I'hila JL Watson, of Iowa City, 
lown. Until thirteen years of age he was willi his 
parents in iiis nalivc village, after which he accom- 
panied them to Callaway Counly, Mo., where his 
father followed farming. 'I'he lad was educated in 
t,hi' i-onimcjn schools and, his father having lost his 
Mirs<iuil |iroperty, in his youth began vveirking by 
the month in Iowa, lie continued his labors on a 
farm there until the winter of 1 ,S(;(I, vi'heu Ik.' taught 
seli<.n>l near IMaiiifield, HI. In l.S(;2, he entered the 
Commissary Department of the army at I'ilot 
Knob, Mo., under his uncle. Col. (ieorge Dyer. 

Six months later ^-oung Dyer went to Farming- 
tcni. Mo., and raised a company of Union refugees, 
whom he accomiianied to St. Louis, joining Frank 
P. IJIair's brigade as a Second Lieutenant. They 
were sent to join Sherman, and took jiart in the en- 
gagement at Chickasaw Bayou, where the ['nion 
forces were sadly defeated. They then went to 
Arkansas Post, where the tide turned and they 
captured all the artillery. After wintering at Mil- 
iiken's Bend, where a portion of their time 
spent in digging the canal in the vain endeavor to 
make the Mississippi run up hill, they were sent to 

Vicksburg and bore an active part in the siege of 
that city. There Mr. Dyer acted as Captain. Prior 
to this he had been made an aide on Gen. Carr's 
staff, with the rank of Lieutenant, but had declined 
the appointment because the boys had insisted that 
as he had started out with them he should remain 
in their company. The next prominent (joint at 
which the young soldier was fotmd was Jackson, 
jNIiss., after the capture of which he took part in 
other conlliets, among them being the noted engage- 
ment at Lookout Mountain, where many of our 
brave boys fought above the clouds. Following 
this came the battles at Ringgold, Dallas, Peach 
Tree Creek and Big Shanty. Breaking down in 
health while en route to Atlanta, Captain Dyer was 
discharged Sc|)tember 4, 18()4. on a surgeon's cer- 
tilicate of disability. 

The succeeding two years were spent by Mr. 
Dyer in recovering his liealth, and he then engaged 
in the hardware l.iusiness in Chicago, continuing it 
a j'ear. He then went to Iowa, where in tlie town 
of Atalissa, September 12. 1807, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Amanda M., daughter of 
Thomas Lewis. The same year he went to St. 
Louis, Mo., where he receiveil the apipointment of 
Deputy City Collector, the [ilace being secured for 
him by (!ov. I'^letcher, and held a little over a 
\car. On account of his wife's health they re- 
turneil to Iowa, wlieie he was engaged in the mer- 
cantile business until 1875, at which time he 
removed to doliet. His wife was removed by death 
1 June 2',), 1 870. leaving (ine child, George L., who 
is now with his father. Since coming to Joliet I\[r. 
D^er has followed the dry-goods business. 

On May 6, 1873, Mr. Dyer contracted a second 
matrimonial alliance, taking for his companion 
Miss Juliette Hardy, with whom he lived hapinl}' 
until December 27, 187(1, when she breathetl her 
last. She was a daughter of Otis Hardy, of Joliet. 
The union was blessed by the birth of one child, 
Florence J. On Ai)ril 10, 1878, Mr. Dyer was 
again married, his bride being Miss Amelia A. 
Hardy, who has borne him two children, now liv- 
ing — FjUima I'hila and Marion A. 

The first Presidential ballot of Mr. Dyer was 
cast for Abraham Lincoln, and his allegiance has 
Las always been given to the Republican party. In 

i^ (y/^u^- 




the infancy of that political organization bis fatliur 
and brothers desired to vote for Gen. Fremont, 
but dare not do so in tl^ section of IMissoiiri in 
wiiicli thoy lived. Mr. Dyer belongs to the(iraii<! 
Aiiny (if the lu'pLibiie. 

ATUICK W.DUNNK.PastorofSt. Patrick's 
('hurcli in .loliet. nithdUgli coni|iar;iti\el\' 
yiiuiig holds a higli |)<Jsilion in the ranlis of 
the Catiiolie priesthood :is one who is do- 
ing n:nch to advance tlie interests of the church in 
various ways. To him ai'c due the great imprc^ve- 
meuts around the edifiri' in which his charge 
meets. Personally he is a genial, whole-souled 
man, very companiiuiable. aud ikjI only denrly 
loved by his people but highly resjjeeted liy the 
conuuuuily in general for his good qnalilies of 
mind and heart. His intellect has been tlioroughly 
cultured and his iniud is stored with learning. In 
elcuitalile wovk he is e\'er ready to lend a, helping 
li;uicl and the nieinl.iers of his own chai'ge are 
tn ated with the greatest consideration regarding 
their physical needs, as well as the wants of theii- 

Father Duune is of mixed ancestry, his father, 
Ivlward Duune. basing betii a native of Ireland, 
and bis nu)tlK'i', Mary Finn, of Prince Ivlwanl Is 
land. Fdward I )unne eauu' to Piince Kd w.aril Is- 
land in ISIO. and l.S.'.l wml to Waterlown, Wis., 
where he lunlt the lirsl church and first bridge in 
that iilace, the latter being over the Rock Rivei'. 
He had b(;en reared to cari)entering, his six broth- 
ers following the same trade or combining it with 
shiii-carpentering. The seven Diume brotluus 
c;\me to America, and two — William and Patrick — 
are now living in Chicago. Tiie youngest bnjther, 
Di'iinis, was a man of wide reputation and high 
character, who became \'icar General of the Chi- 
cago Diocese. lie departed his life in 18G8. The 
father of our subject died in Joliet, July 2, 1888. 
His last work was remodeling St. Patrick's Church, 
for which he had drawn all the i)lans and speciQca- 
Uons anil which he personally su|)erintended. His 
widow is still living, making her home in Chicago, 

where a number of her children reside. To Edward 
ami Mai'3- Dunne nine daughters and six sons were 
born, ten of the number being yet alive. These 
all live in Chicago except Patiick and his sister 
Catherine who is with him in .loliet. 

The subject of this sketch was born in Water- 
town, Wis., Maich 1, 18.')2. His education was 
begun in the College of the Christian Krothers in 
Chicago. In the spring of 18(J8, he entered St. 
Charles College, at Fjllicotl City, iSId., from which 
institution he was graduated in 1874. Owing to 
sickness his studies were aband(.>ned ft)r a year, af- 
ter which he renewed them in St. Mary's Seminary 
at I'.altimore. In that iiistitutiini he ri'inaincd four 
and a half \ears, compleliiig the line iif studies 
which fitted hini to enter the [jriesthood. On De- 
ceinber L'2. 187'.), he was (Uilained and sent to St. 
Patrick's Churt-h. Chie:iL;o. w heiv he arrived two 
days later, celebrating his first mass at midnight of 
that same'day. I''ather Duuiu! became the Assis- 
tant Pastor of St. Mary's Church in .loliet, Feb- 
luary K!, l.S8(), retaining that posltiini until 
.lanuary 2',). PS.SO. when he w as .apiiointed to 
which he now fills. Here he became the successor 
of I'"atlier W^alter Power, who died .laniiaiy 27, 
iind whose pastm'ate had extended through seven- 
teen ye:irs. 

In 188;i. the (o.lden Jubilee of St. Patrick's 
Church w.'is celebrated, the event being the grand- 
est that Joliet had ever seen in coniicctiou with 
Catholic church work. The occasion was one that 
will long be remembered, not only by those who 
adhere to the Catholic faith but by all who wit- 
nessed it. The Pontifical High Mass was celebrated 
by liishop Burke, of Cheyenne, and Arch-bishop 
Riordan, of San Francisco, the latter a cousin of 
Father Dunne, di^livered the sermon. 

A litliogra[ihic portrait of Father Dunne ap[)ears 
in connection with his biographical sketch. 

^IJ^RKDERICK IIASFMAN. Among the young 

[i^fe farmers of the county n high jilacc is meri- 

/ll) led by the gentleman above nanu'd, who 

successfully o[)erates a tract of land in Washington 



Township. This estate ccmprises two hundred 
acres of excellent land under careful and intelli- 
gent tillage, and has been the home of our subject 
from his infant'}'. For six years he has been the 
owner of the farm that was purchased by his father 
in a raw state, and by him and his sons brought to 
a fine condition of improvement and cultivation. 
The work begun by tlie parent is ably continued 
by the son, who is intelligent, industrious and 
thrifty. lie was born near Eagle Lake, in this 
township, August 12, 18G2, and is the youngest 
child of his parents and llie only one born in Amer- 
ica. He was but a year old when he came to his 
present home, where he grew to manhood, was 
educated and began his own career. 

The father of our subject is John Haseman, who 
was born in Shambourg, Leipsic, Germany, Janu- 
ary 25, 1814. He married the daughter of a neigh- 
boring family — Miss Mary Pauls — who like him. 
self had been reared under the care of excellent 
parents. After their marriage Mr. and Mrs. John 
Hasenuin lived on a farm in the Fatherland until 
after the birth of seven children. They then set 
sail for America, leaving Bremerhaven, May 1, 
18(;(i. and landing in New York City twenty -three 
(lavs later. The family came to C'hicagii, 111., anil 
thence tii Eagle Lake, this county, where they 
rented -x farm, upon which the}' lived for three 
\ears. and wheie nur subject first saw the light of 

In 18G3 the father purchased one hundred and 
twenty acres on section 8, Washington Township, 
the next year adding an eighty-acre tract adjoin, 
ing. Upon tliis ho put up good buildings, roclaira- 
ino' the land from its primitive state and making a 
comfortable home in which to spend his declining 
years. He is still living, making his home with 
our suliject, and Is smart and active for one of his 
years. He lust his companion in March, 1881, she 
being then sixty years old. She was a lifelong 
nieuiber of the Lutheran Church, and cunscien- 
tiously endcax'ored to fulfil the duties which de- 
volved upon her as wife, mother and member of 
society. Her hnshand belongs to the same church, 
and he too has endeavored to act well his part in 

Of the children born to Mr. and JNIrs. John Hase- 

man we note the following: Anna married Henry 
Walker, and died at the birth of her first child ; 
Henry married Sophia %Ieyer, and died leaving 
four children; Carolina became the wife of Will- 
iam Meyer, and died leaving four children ; John, 
Jr., who is now living on a farm in Will Township, 
this county, married Louisa Winsenburg; En gel is 
the wife of Charles Lange, a farmer in Washington 
Township; Mary is the wife of William Voltuer, 
and they occupy a farm in Lake County, Ind.; 
Sophia married George Apking, who is a farmer 
in Crete Township this county; Fred is the young- 
est son and child. 

The latter married Mary Thuruer, who was born 
in Eagle Lake Village, December 18, 1862. She 
received a good education, and acquired an excel- 
lent knowledge of the domestic arts and the kindly 
offices in wliich womanhood excels. She is the 
mother of four childien, namely: Lena, Alvina, 
^Vlliert and AuLliy. She and her husband belong 
to the Lutheran Church. Mr. I baseman, of this 
notice, is a sound Republican, as are his father and 

The paternal grandparents of our subject were 
John O. and Engel (Nieders) Haseman, who spent 
their entire lives ic Germany. They were consis- 
tent members of the Lutheran Church. The hns- 
liand was a shoemaker by trade, and followed that 
occupation from his youth until his death, which 
occurred when he was about sixty-thrte years of 

/OHN EAIIKNER, M.D., a rising young 
lihysician and surgeon of Joliet. obtained 
his medical education in Chicago, 111., in 
((^yi the Bennett Medical College, from which he 
was graduated in 1882. Immediately afterward 
he entered upon the practice of his profession in 
Joliet, where he is rapidly building up an extensive 
business. He obtained likewise an excellent liter- 
ary and classical education, with the Benedictines 
of Chicago. He is a member of the Illinois Eclec- 
tic Medical Society. Close application to his 
studies while he had the opportunity, made him 
thoroughly acquainted with the duties of his chosen , 



<'alliiin, while he kt^ojis liiin.-iclf posted tipun ihe 
inellK'ils whieli aie c'()nst;iiitl\' being bruuylit to the 
ntteiilion of the piofession. 

J)i'. Fahnier was born on the oilier side of llie 
Atlantic, in the town of .Marienbuil, Austria, Feb- 
ruary U, 1854, and is the son of J)r. X'alentine and 
Mar^- Ann (Tauber) Fahrner, w ho were of (ierinan 
birth and ancestry. Valentine Fahrner, also a 
practicing physician of good repute, followed his 
profession in his native land several years, tlien 
came to America, in 18y4, locating first in Chicago. 
He followed his profession there until 1868, then 
returned to his native land. Finally he eame back 
to America and located at Mokena, 111., where he 
sojourned two years. In 1871 he took up his resi- 
dence in Joliet. and followed his practice in this 
city until his death, July 7. 187'J. The wife and 
mother had preceded her husband to the silent 
land, her death occurring Jlay 28. l87o. They 
were the parents of three children onl^- — our sub- 
ject and his sister, Mrs. Leiuier. of this county; 
Anna dieil aged twelve years. 

I)i'. Fahrner was married Deeember "28, 1875, in 
•loliet, to Miss -ALagdalena K'achelhoft'er. Mrs. 
F'ahrner was born in Joliet, and by iici- union with 
our subject there have been born seven children, 
viz.: John, Pius. Angela, Walter, Alphonse, Char- 
lotte and Frederick. Their home i> at N'o. GOl) Xorth 
Nicholson Street. Dr. F'ahrner has his ollice at 
No. 200 North Center Street. 

Politically, the Doctor is a sterling Democrat. 
and he and his family are members of St. Jolin's 
Catholic Church. 

■ FDGF: SOLO.MON SI.MMONS. No citizen 
of Plainfleld has read more extensively, 
thought moi-e deeply, or is better [losted 
'^^^' than the gentleman above named. His judg- 
ment is keen, and after once arriving at a conclu- 
sion he is verj' positive, and only serious thought 
and study of pros and cons will change his ideas. 
Frank and open-hearted, all know the meaning of 
his words and actions and respect him accordingly. 
He is liberal in his religious belief, has never even 

touched tobacco with his lingers and has always 
been an ardent adxocate of temperance and a be- 
liever in prcihiliition, although not a third [larty 

Judge SiMimons was born in Claverick, Colum- 
bia County. N. Y.. March 18, 1812, and is a son of 
Sohv.non and Rebecca ( iMurray) Simmons. The 
father was born in (iermany, January 31, 1762, 
and was one of nine sons and daughters born to 
William Simmons and his wife. The grandparents 
of our subject came to America about the time of 
the Revolutionary War, and the grandfather died 
in Rhinebeck, J)utehess County, N. Y., at the great 
age of one hundred and five years. He owned a 
tract of land there on which he had been engaged 
in farming and to the same i)ursuit bis son Solo- 
mon was reared. 

The father of our subject was in his teens when 
be came to America with his parents, and in the 
F:mpiie State when forty years of age he was mar- 
ried. His first [lurchase of real estate was a farm 
of one hundred and twenty acres at Rhinebeck and 
u|)on this estate he settled after his marriage. He 
purchased one hundred and thirty acres in Colum- 
bia County but lost it by a defective title. He 
continued to reside in Dutchess County until 1826, 
when he renjuved to Penfield, Jlonroe County, 
making thai his place of abode until he was re- 
moved from the toils .-uiil cares <if earth in Sep- 
temlier, 18;)1. 

The family of Mr. and Mrs. Solomon .Simmons 
eompri.sed five children, viz: Daniel .and Jacob 
(twins), Elizabeth, Rebecca, and Solomon, the sub- 
ject of this sketch. The mother married the second 
lime and spent the latter years of her life in Pen- 
lield. bieathing her last there in January, 1833. 
Her father, John Murray, served in the Revolu- 
tionary War and died in the service; he is believed 
to have been born in Ireland. 

The gentleman of whom we write was fourteen 
years old when his father removed to Monroe 
County, N. Y., and there he began working on a 
farm at ^5 per month. When sixteen years old 
he became a driver on flic Krie Canal, following 
the tow path six months. For five years he con- 
tinued in the employ of the canal company, soon 
being placed in charge of a boat. In 1833 he went 


to Ohio and bought a tract of timber land in 
Geauga County, m-ar Bainliridge. There he built 
a log house ; lie began cutting down the trees, grub- 
bing out tjje stumps and otherwise preparing the 
soil for cultivation. During the year he cleared 
quite a tract, after whi';b he sold tlie })lace and 
bought another which already had ipiite a large 
ch'aring ui)on it. 

In IKoG Mr. Simmons liegan lioating on the Ohio 
Canal, Init after following that occupation two 
sctij-ons again turned his attention to the improve- 
ment of a farm. In 1830 he explored the north- 
ern part of Illinois, iiurchased eighty acres in 
Kane t'ounty and a claim to eighty more of Gov- 
ernment land. It was his intention to remove 
hither that fall, but money dne him could not be 
collected, and other misfortunes happening, he sold 
the lam! and remained in ( >liio until 1«1.3. Then, 
with liis wife and ehlhlren. he started westwarti, 
making an civerland journey to Illinois, arriving at 
Plainfield Se[itendicr !'.>. lie purchased a tract of 
wiki laml in Dul'age Township and two years later 
eightv acres of improved land ne.-ir Wheatland. 
To this estate he acMed until it amounted to two 
hundred and forty acres. This he operated until 
liSlJ3, when he sold it. purchasing another farm 
which consiste<1 of one hundred and ninetj'-two 
acres and cost 850 |)er acre. This valuable i)iece 
of property was his home until isfSC, when he sold 
it .and look u[t his abode in Plain Held. 

It will thus be seen that the i)ersevering efforts 
of .ludge Simmons resulted in the accuuudation of 
a conifortalilc fortune and the ease to which he is 
entitled is niaile possible by his finances. For a 
time he followed in the footsteps of his father and 
voted the Democratic ticket, but on removing to 
Illinois he joined the anti-slavery forces and has 
been a Republican since the formation of the party. 
He has filled various offices of trust, and in every 
position has acted wisely and well. In 1853 he was 
elected County Judge, in which ca[)acity he served 
one term. For six j'cars he rei)resented Wheatland 
Township on the Count\' Board of Supervisors. In 
1862 Gov. Yates appointed him enrolling officer 
for Will County, and President Lincoln subse- 
quently appointed him to a similar position for the 
Si,\th Congressional District where he superin- 

tended the draft. In looking back over a long 
life, Judge Simmons would no doubt see where he 
has made mistakes, . s who can not, but he would 
have the pleasure of realizing that his aim has ever 
been toward that which is noble and that the ex- 
ample of his life is one worthy to be followed. 

On .lanuar}- 6, 1833, the rites of wedlock were 
celebrated between Judge Simmons and Miss Mary, 
daughter of Tifnay and Mary (Griswold) Nettle- 
toff. Mrs. Simmons was born in Penfield Township, 
Monroe Count}', N. Y., possessed many virtues and 
made a happ}' home for her husband and children 
until cailed from them to the land beyond. She 
breathed her last April 28, 1886, deepl}- regretted 
by a host of friends. She had borne her husband 
ten children, whose record is as follows: Oliver is 
now living in Petrolia, Canada; Andrew, in Plain- 
field Tow nshiii. this county; Henry E. was born 
-lanuaiy -*K 18."i0,and died in Kansas City in 1883, 
Solomon W. is living in Juliet; Olive, the second 
child, died in l.slO when but two years old; 
Mahala died in 1858; Mary married George Picket 
(see sketch); Rosetta is the wife of C. H. Carson, 
M. D., of Kansas City; Louisa, wife of C. W. 
Cropsey, Kansas City; Laura was the wife of Willis 
lirainard, of Fairburv, Neb. She is deceased. 


i<p5^ AMILL FEWTKKLL. Many of the mas- 
ter mechanics who give tone and solidity 
to the manufacturing industries of our 
country were born, reared, and educated 
in their special pursuits, in busy England. Among 
the number of such, Samuel Fewtrell, Superintend- 
ent ui the rail department of the Illinois Steel 
Works is a notalile example. Beginning at the 
early age of nine years in a rolling mill in his na- 
tive land, and continuing for forty years, step by 
step advancing in his chosen vocation, he has 
passed through varied experiences. His busy 
life is well worth recording and should inspire 
others to more persistent effort. To have a ])ur- 
pose in life and to work for its attainment is half 
the battle. 

Samuel Fewtrell was born April 20, 1837, and 



is a son of Joseph Fewtrell, a miner who was en- 
gaged at different times in iron, stone and coal 
mines. On the 15th of November, in the year of 
1858. in a large chapel in Wolverhampton, Eng- 
land, he was united in marri.age with Ann Biddle, 
who has shared his joys and reverses, his home and 
its cheer. To them have been born eight children, 
sis of wiiom are living. The eldest, who was 
christened Tom, is engaged in the steel works with 
his father. Mrs. Elizabeth Ann Hewlett, Mrs. El- 
len .1. BlcCormick, Jessie Edit!), Ada Florence and 
William Henry, are the other surviving members uf 
the family circle. 

Tn the 3'ear 1871, attracted as thousands of others 
have been, b}' the wonderful stories of America's 
resources, possibilities and rich promises to the in- 
dustrious. Mr. Fewtrell came hither, locating first 
at Elmira, X. Y. N'ividly does he remember his 
landing in New York among strangers, with but 
twentv-tive cents in his [lOcket and seeking a new 
home with strange associations. He expended liie 
small sum which he possessed for stamps and pa|)er 
to acquaint those left behind with the fact of his 
safe arrival, and making his w.^y to Elmira, lie at 
once began the course of perseverance that has 
ever marked his life. A few months thereafter we 
find him in l.orkpoit, X. V., and March. 187:3. in 
Joliol. 111. 

When he arrivc^il in this city Mr. Fewtrell had 
$7 in his pocket and a freight bill of ><17 confront- 
ing him. He resolutely went to work .-is helping 
heater in the ol<l iron mill. When the mill shut 
down in 1^74, he went to California, where he re- 
mained al)out a year, and thence to St. Louis, Mo., 
where he worked a few months in the Tudor mills. 
He next returned to Joliet, but in 1877 went to 
Colorado, where he assisted in starting a mill at 
Pueblo, known as Fox's mill. He spent a few 
months in the mining district, where he was in- 
troduced to many new phases of life and learned 
a different vocalnilarj- from that to which he had 
been accustomed. Paradoxical as is the thought, he 
can now refer with pleasure to nianj' unpleasant 
experiences through which he passed. 

AVhile in England Mr. Fewtrell was never 
Iher than forty miles from his home. Imt once 
breathing the free air of America, he imbibed its 

spirit of restlessness to the full and in his travels 
we can tr.ace him south as far New Orleans, north to 
Xorth Dakota, and west to the Pacific, and once on a 
visit b.ack to sunny England. His wife partaking 
the same spirit has three times crossed the brin}- 
ilcep, each time taking with her four children. Al- 
though in his native land Mr. Fewtrell received 
wages of §4 per da3' and in New Y'ork he received 
but §2.25. yet he preferred the new home and has 
never regretted becomingan American citizen. 

Mr. Fewtrell is a Rei)ublicau in politics and so- 
cially a member of the Koyal Arcanum. He is an 
earnest, energetic ('itizen, whose life affords a 
bright example of what may be won bj' persistent, 
patient effort. 

•-^ €-*-» «^ 

ICHOLAS YONlvER. On.- of the finest 
/J farms in Florence Township is that owned 
and occupied by the gentleman above 
named who has high standing as ji man of per- 
sonal worth and abundant means. The estate is 
thoroughly improved, the buildings being unex- 
celled in the township. and the two hundred and forty 
acres of land made [iroiluetive by llie best means 
known to modern husb;indmen. It affords pleas- 
ure to note these facts as the result of persistent 
zeal and unflagging industry on the (lart of Mr.Yon- 
ker, who was a poor boy, getting his start in life 
by working on a farm by the month. When he 
landed in this State in 1851, he hail but *;»; now 
he is numbered among the wealthy agriculturists 
of the county. 

The stock from which Mr. Y'onker traces his de- 
scent was Oerman and the family had resided in 
Switzerland for generations. In that famed coun- 
try he was born February 2, 1833, his parents be- 
ing Nicholas and Mary (Marte) Yonker, who spent 
their entire lives in that, their native land. They 
were the parents of six children named respect- 
ively: Nicholas, Benedict, Elizabeth, .Mar^'. Anna 
Mary and Anna. 

The subject of this notice was reared in his na- 
tive land, which he left on becoming of age. to tr^- 
his fortune in the Uniteil States. ComiuLr to Illi- 



nois lie spent two and a half years in Mokena, tbis 
county, after which he returned to the laud of his 
liirth. Ten months later he came again to America 
and spent the following year in Wilmington, this 
county. His next place of residence was Milton 
Township, where he labored five years, going 
thence to Peotone Township for a sojourn of two 
\ears. In 186G lie made settlement on section 14, 
Florence Township, where he still lives surrounded 
liy tiie comforts lo which his industry entitles him. 

The marriage of Mr. Yonker and Miss Anna K. 
Weyland was celebrated January 7, 18.59, at the 
l)ride's home near Wilmington. She was born in 
Switzerland and is the dauglitcr of Beneilict Wey- 
land. Her character and .attainments gain the re- 
spect of those to whom she is known and many 
friends testify to her worth. The happy union resulted in the birth of eight sons and daugli- 
lers, of whom we note the following. Albert mar- 
ried j\Iiss Isaljella Gates and is the father of two 
children — Alpha and Elmer; he resides with his 
father and is engaged in farming. George and 
Frederick are deceased. Mary became the wife of 
William Graiumeyer, a farmer of Jackson Town- 
sliip, and they have one daughter — Louisa. Frank 
is dead. Sarah, Anna and Ollie are still lingering 
liy the parental fireside. 

Mr. Yonker is a Repulilican of the .strongest 
type. He am" his family belong to the Evangelical 
tUiurch and endeavor to consistently carry their 
Christian l.ielief into their daily practice, winning 
thereby, the respect even of those who disbelieve 
the grand tiiiths of the (iospel. 

(IlU. ORATIO N. MARSH. This hale and vig- 
|lf)\) orous old man has spent a long business life 
iV^' in Joliet, by whose citizens he is highly 
(^ honored and respected. lie came to this 
city in December, 1835, Mr. VV^oodruff having been 
licre a little longer time, but no other resident of so 
e.irly a ilale now living here. Although nearly 
four-score years old he carries on a business in real 
estate and loans, his oflico being in Jefferson 
Street, opposite the Court House. He is a descend- 

ant from the IMarsh family that settled on the Con- 
necticut River in 1635, gradually working up the 
stream until in 1710 his immediate ancestors lo- 
cated in Montague Township, opposite Deerfield. 

On a farm there t^uarius Marsh, the father of 
our subject, was born and there the son also opened 
his eyes to the light on the same farm. After 
reaching man's estate, Quartus Marsh married Miss 
Sarah Holt and reared a family of six children. He 
was employed as a farmer, first in his native State, 
and from 1828 to 1835 in Monroe County, N. Y. 
The family then came to Illinois, making the jour- 
ney in tlie customary way, by canal and lake to De- 
troit, Mich., and driving the rest of the way. This 
county was not then organized, but the father set- 
tled in what is now Crete Township, where he lived 
until called from time to eternity in 1850. The 
mother survived her companion about thi'ee years. 
Of the sons and daughters of this worthy couple, 
M.ary Ann and Jonathan died in this county; Ed- 
win, Henr}' and Francis now live in Kansas. 

When the Marsh family came to this county 
Joliet was a village of one hundred inliabitants. 
Here the subject of this notice engaged in the cab- 
inet business, having learned that trade in the Em- 
pire State. He had been born in Franklin County, 
Mass., November 15, 18; 2, and was therefore but 
little past his majority when he began his career in 
the city tliat has known him so long and well. 

When the Rock Island was built in 1852, 
Mr. Marsh took the position of Ticket and Freight 
Agent, which he held for thirty-two years, or until 
1884. when he considered himself too old for far- 
ther service in that capacitj'. For a time he had 
also transacted the express business. From April, 
1863 until 1866, he had been Postmaster, going out 
under Johnson's administration. When he resigned 
the position tint he had held for more than a quar- 
ter of a century, he embarked in the business he 
now carries on, being too active in mind and body 
to wish to abandon the ranks of workers in some 

In Monroe Count}-, N. Y., Mr. Marsh w.ts united 
in marriage with ^NIiss i\Iary Kile of that county, 
who ilied in 1840, leaving one son, William II. The 
young man gave his life to his country's cause, 
dyini; a soldier's death, with his face to the foe, in 



front of ^'ic•ksburg, and leaving to his sorrowing 
father the consolation that comes from a knowledge 
of duty done even at the cost of life. 

The second wife of our subject was in lior girl- 
liood Miss Mar3- L. Pond, slie also being of Monroe 
County, N. Y. The union has been blessed by the 
birth of a son, Frank K.. who is representing the 
Fourth Ward in the City Council. He married 
Miss Jennie R. Foster, a native of New York, but 
whose home was in Delavan,Wis.,at the time of their 
marriage. Young Marsh is a well-known grain 
dealer of this city. 

A man so highly respected as Horatio N. Marsh, 
could not be without opportunities to fill a |)ublic 
office and lie has served .as the representative of the 
Fourth Ward for five years. His legitimate affairs 
have been sufficient to occupj- liis time full}' and 
politics have had but little place in his career. He 
lielongs to the Presbyterian Church, his probity 
and life-long iionest}- are recognized by all, and his 
genial nature makes him po[)ular wherever he is 


AJvIFL BAILEY and his good wife are 
among the oldest pioneers now living in 
Will County. Coming here more than 
forty j'ears ago, they have witnessed the 
great change wrought by the hand of man in 
bringing it from a state of n,ature to its present 
condition as one of tlie richest and most highly 
developed counties in Northern Illinois, and they 
may well take pride in what they liave done to 
aid in producing tliis wonderful result. Mr. Bailey 
is a farmer and stock-raiser, one of the most pros- 
perous of that class of people wlio have had the 
upbuilding of Channalion. where he has had a 
home since he came to this count} . and where he 
has a large farm from whose broad, fertile acres 
he derives a handsome income. 

Mr. Bailey is a native of Pennsylvania, from 
which State his parents took him to a new home 
in the wilds of Ohio, near Cincinnati. He was 
the fifth child in a family of nine, and when still 
a bo}' he came to Illinois with his fatiier and 

mother, who located twenty-one miles west of Dan- 
ville, in 1818. In 1850, our subject came to his 
present place, which then comprised one hundred 
and twenty acres of wild prairie, which he h,ad 
purchased of.Iasper Wilson. He put that into a fine 
state of cultivation by hard and persistent labor, 
and ill time bought more land, purchasing some canal 
land and now has five hundred acres, the most of 
which was bought in the raw state, and is now under 
excellent improvement. Mr. Bailej- is one of the sub- 
stantial, moneyed men of Channalion, he having at- 
tained this position bj- his extraordinary industiy, 
quick judgment, and in Mic judicious management 
of his interests. He and his family are well known 
and gre.atly respected in this conimiiuity, which 
has been their abiding place for so many jears, 
and their kindness, tlioughtfulness and genial hos- 
pitality, have won them a high place in the regard of 
the many who know them. Mr. I'.aile}- is a Dem- 
ocrat in politics, but votes for the mco) in the lo- 
cal elections. 

Mr. Bailey has been twice married. He was 
first wedded to Rebecca Boardman. Her parents 
were from the East, and Dr. A. Comstock was her 
stepfather. Mrs. IJailey died, leaving one son, 
Alexander. He is now living in Missouri and is 
married, and has three children, two sons and 
one daughter. 

Mr. Bailey was married to Mrs. John Brown, his 
[iresent estimable wife, forty-two years ago. She 
was the daughter of Ransom and Sarah Zarley, 
natives, respectively, of Ohio and Kentucky. Thej' 
were among the earliest pioneers of the county, 
coming from Pike County, ( )hio, where Mrs. 
Bailey was born. She married when verj' 
young to Mr. John Brown, of Onondaga Count}', 
Y. Y. Her liusband came to this State with 
Maj. liouiland, who had married a Miss Brown. 
This was in the year of the land sale and he 
bought land for other members of the family, pur- 
chasing nine and one-fouith sections in Jackson 
Township. Her husband died in that pl.ace, leav- 
ing lier a widow with three children, Sarah, 
iSL'ir\- and AVilliam. wlio are all living in .lackson. 
Sarah is tlie widow of Frank Dooley. She lives 
near her motlier and has eight fhildren, five girls 
and three boys. Mary is the wife of Seth (Gibbon 



and they have three chililron, two sons and one 
daughter. William is married and has five chil- 
dren, four sons and one daughter; he owns and 
manages the old John Brown homestead, which 
his father bought at the <T0vernment lan<l sale so 
many years ago. Mrs. Baile3''s marriage has been 
blessed to her and our subject liy the birth of two 
children; the eldest of whom is Caliiey, and Ella, 
wife of Henry Kipp, of whom see sketch. C'alncy 
Bailey resides on the homestead and assists his 
father in the management of iiis fi'rni laud. He is 
an enterprising, progressive, young man aud is 
well educatt'd. He first attended the <listrict 
scliools, aud then pursued a fine commercial course 
at Jennings Seminary. He was married in Sep- 
tember, 1.S80, to Miss Hattie Barnes, daughter of 
jNLathcw and Mary J. (Purdy) Barnes, natives of 
New Yoric; they were married there aud came 
liei'c in the winter of \xi'>7, and slill make their 
home m Jackson T(_>wusiiip. 

Mrs. Bailey's [lareiits located on a farm aliout 
two mik's snullnvest of .loliet, and the place is 
still in the hands uf the fnujily. Mrs. Bailey can 
well remember the incidents of the Sauk War when 
the Indians came through this regi<>u and chased 
them from their homes. This w;is in the spi'ing of 
the year when the settlers were ]iutting in their 
crops with their ehimsy toiilsand ox-teams. AVhile 
thus w(,irkiug the_y received word that the Indians 
were on the war path, and dropping their imple- 
ments on the field lliey in\mediately started with 
their families and in ox-teams for Danville, all 
the peoi)le in the county leaving exeeptinu' three 
families wh.o were foolliaivly enough to st.ay lic- 
hiud and wci'e all killed by the savages, excepting 
two young girls who were talcen captives but were 
afterwards recovered from the Indians. 

Among the families thus leaving their home were 
the Scotts, Moores and Crntcherfields. Mr. Zarlev 
and his family went "as far as Iroquois, where the^y 
met the soldiers going in pursuit of the Indians 
aud they returned with them as far as where Jol- 
iel now stands, and the soldiers putting up a block 
house on the west side of the river, they remained 
with them there for awhil<>, Wlu^u the soldiers 
were ordered to join Scott, the Zarleys returned 
to Danville, and sta\e(l there until the following 

Seijtember, when all the families went back to their 
homes, the men folks having gone there previously 
to see that everything was all right. During their 
stay in the block house in Joliet, they had consid- 
erable fun over a false alarm which was sent in to 
try the soldiers, and it found them in a poor con- 
dition to receive the enemy. At the time Mr. and 
Mrs. Zarle3' put their children under the feather 
bed in the w.agons and told them to lie still, and 
the old gentleman tof)k his gun and awaited the 
coming of the Indians. Mrs. Bailey and her sis- 
ters are the only survivors of the scare who took 
refuge in the blockhouse where Joliet now stands, 
she being about ten years (ild at the time and her 
sister but a baby. 

That winter the pioneers of the county suffered 
with hunger as they neglected to lay in sullicie'-^ 
supplies. Mr. Zarley went to Danville and got his 
supplies for the winter, and his neighbors, the 
Seotts, Moores, Bilsons, and others borrowed of him 
w ith the expectation of paying back when lliey w'cnt 
for their load, but an early snow came aud pre- 
vented them fi'oni going, and more severe snow 
storms occurring, no one was able to get to Dan- 
ville, so that i)rovisions were very scarce. Mrs. 
r.ailey s.ays she can well remember the look of sor- 
row upon her mother's face as she heard her cliil- 
I'ren crying for bread, almost starving. 'I'luy had 
a little coi-n which they pouudeii up and each one 
was given a small allowance. They also hail a few 
(lotatoes that were liaked in the ashes and distrib- 
uted amongst the almost starving children, the 
older ones, Mrs. F.ailey and her elder brother, gen- 
erously allowing the younger ones to have their 
share. After that winter the pioneers got along 
very well, .as there were plenty of deer, prairie 
chickens and other game, besides fish of a sn|ier- 
ior qnalit)' in the rivers, the settlers catching them 
with a s|ie!ir in the old days. The Poltawatomies 
living in the country then were fi-iendly and John 
Zarley and his elder brother nsetl to go hunting 
and fishing with them. While the war was being 
w.aged with the Sauks, they kept track of the set- 
tlers' cattle and helped to get tliem together on 
their return, as they were nearly as afraid of the 
Sauks as the whites were themselves. 

The Zarleys were groat Methodists going to 



meeting as often as opportunity ofl'eieiL often 
going a long distance. Tliey made a square box 
and put it on the two front wheels of an ox wni^oii, 
in I his they put two split bottom ehairsaud drove- 
1o nicfliiii; behind a pair of oxen. ( Inc of Ihe 
yoiniu' ladies who often aeeoiii|innicd llicm to the 
i-elii^ious services, was a Miss .lolict [trouii. for 
whom the city of .loliet was iKimed. 

.«--»-M--^-<sj:^:^ij(^+w- f^ 

I IGl'ST KIimiARDT. 'i'lu hadin- nuT- 
■lOI cantile establishment of liccchcr is that 
of Auaust Khrhardl. who canies a vc>ry 
full line of uoods. well selccteil for the 
needs of counti-v tra<lc. 'I'lic business wa-; brgun 
in l.ssO. prior to which time .Mr. Khrhanlt had 
been engaged as clerk for August Sdiiffer.of Moncc. 
in whose emplov he had gained a thorouoh knowl- 
edgc()f the ')usiuess.' Mr. Khrhardl i.s also Post- 
master. Iiaving received liis a|)poinlment under 
the |>resent administration. He is well and fa\or- 
.■dily known as a man of upright i-iiarai-tcr. nioie 
ihan (jrdinary intelligence, anil an abiiudaiuT of 
cini-iiV in whatever ho undertakes. He is active 
in local politics, voting the Republican ticket ;it:dl 
times, and his fellow. citizens have callc(J for liis 
services in various local ollices. He and hi> good 
wife belong to the Lutheran Church. 

i\[r. Khrhardt comes of good old German fam- 
ilies, the home of both ancestral lines being in 
Saxony. His father, Christoph Ehrhardt, was 
reared as a farmer and after his marriage took up 
for himself that occupation. His wife was Jliss 
Sophia Werner, who was reared in the same neigh- 
borhood as himself. To thera were born two sons 
aixl two daughters, with whom they set sail from 
Bremerhaven in duly, 18.54, on the sailing vessel 
"Susannah." After a tedious vo3-age of eight weeks 
landing was made at Baltimore, whence the family 
came to Chicago. The father chose a location in 
Monee Township, Cook County, and there the fam- 
ily lived on a small farm for some years. The 
parents then settled in Blue Island, where both 
died, the father passing away in 1872, at the age of 
sevent3--six j-cars and the mother surviving until 

188II, she being then sevenl3'-eight years old. 
Both were life-long members of the lAitheran 
Churcli in llu' tenets of which they reared their 
chiMicn. These all sur\i\'(>. are marrieil and have 

The subject of Ibis sketch is the .■Idesl member 
of the parental family and was born in Saxon^', 
<;eniiany. April :lil. Is 10. He received a good 
education in his native laiul duiing his early bo}'- 
hood, and .-ifter ai-compan\ing his parents to 
America, attended schools in this State, acquiring 
;ui excellent knowledge of the Knglish language. 
He was living in \\"\\\ County when he became of 
au;e and was oc(aipied with a^ricnlLural pursuits 
iirdil after the breakini; out of the Civil War. In 
1 sr,-_' he wasiairolled iu Company I), Ijghty-second 
Illinois [iilaidry. his coinpany .and reginicnl Ix'iiig 
under the command of Ca];t. Miller and Col. 
Heckea'. Jlewas mustered int(j service at Camp 
Iiutlci-, and in Octolicr went to the front, lirst 
nUH'ting the enem\ at ('h.ancellorsville. The next 
heavy engagement in which he partici|iated was at 
(Gettysburg, and he afterwards bore his part in the 
tei-rible conllicls of Loolcout Mountain and Mis- 
sionary Uiilge. Ho was one of the gallant si.xty 
thousand who marched with Sherman from Atlanta 
to the sea and iiac'k through the Caroliuas to Wash- 
ington, and with other members of Ilecker's regi- 
nu'nt was known to otiicers and comrades as a 
faithfid and plucky soldier. He escaped injury 
and was able to report f<ir duty every day until 
the last gnu was lired, when he w'as honorabi}' dis- 
charged at Chicago and mustered out. of service 
at Cam|) Douglas. Coming at once to Monee, this 
County, ho began his clerkship, which he continued 
until he established the business in which he is now 

The lady to whose fine character and housewifcl}' 
skill Mr. Ehrhardt owes the joy and comfort of 
his home life, was known in her maidenhood as 
.Miss Louisa Klein. .She was born dune "it!, 181.'), 
in IIesse-Darmsta<U, Gernumj', her |)arents, August 
and Madeline (Boehl) Klein, being natives of the 
same province. In ISJG they leftthcir nativ(^ land 
to make a home in the New World, sailing from 
I'.remerhaven accom|)anied by four children. After 
some weeks they landed at Xew York City whence 



tliey journeyed 1)V river, canal and lakes to CMii- 
cago. Later tiicy located at Blue Island, and still 
later settled on a farm in Cooper's Grove, where 
they remained some years. Tiiey then purchased a 
farm in Monee Township, Will County, where 
they erected a comfortable dwelling in which they 
lived until after the death of Mrs. Klein, which 
occurred when she was forty-five years old. Mr. 
Klein subsequently went to ^Missouri. d\ing there 
when about seventy -six years of nge. lie and his 
wife belonged to the Lutheran Ciiurch. Their 
dauuhter, now Mrs. Ehrhardt, lieing scarcely mure 
than an infant wlien they crossed the briny deei). 
was reared in Cook County. 111., and there ob- 
tained her education. Her hajipy union with our 
subject has been blest with the birth of two cliil- 
(h^Lni — Arthur and Carl — who have been educated 
in the public schools and who are still living under 
tlie parental roof. 

As a representative citizen <.>f Will County, we 
are pleased to present on another [lage of the 
Ai.niM a lithograiiliic portrait of ^Ir. Ehrhardt. 

^ipXOBLE -lONlvS. The tastes of men give 
I I/I '''■'''^' ^" ^"•^'■''^*^ wants and occupations. Some 
^//L find their enjoyment in tlu; bustle of the 
bu.S}' haunts of men, and some amid the less ex- 
citing scenes of rural life, while others combine 
the two. The latter is the case witli the subject of 
this liiogra|ihical notice, wlio spends his days 
among the bulls and bears of tlu' Chicago Hoard 
of Trade and in the turmoil of the great cit^'. while 
the bonis not occu|)ied in etforts to increase his 
store of worldly goods are given to rural pleasures 
and domestic joys -'far from the madding crowd." 
His home is in Mokena, whence he goes to Chicago 
everv morning, returning at night, as regularly .as 
clock work, never having been left in thirteen 
years. Eor the i)ast decade he has been a member 
of the Ciiicago Board of Trade, and has become 
tlic largest receiver among the heavy dealers so 
))rominent tliere. His shrewdness is unquestioned, 
and minor dealers who could get a "tip" from Nol)le 
•lones would consider themselves very fortunate. 

The .Tones family is of Welsh descent, and the 
more immediate progenitors of our subject were 
natives of New England. His grandfather, Weslej' 
Jones, was born in ^'ermont, whence he removed 
to Connecticut, in which State his son Wtsle}', the 
father of our subject, was born in 1800. The 
same year the elder .Tones removed to Canada, 
m.aking a settlement in liarnstone Township, County 
Staudstead. He owned and operated a large farm, 
and the son was reared amid rural surroundings. 
He learned the trade of a blacksmith, following it 
in Canada until 1837, wiicn he removed to Arca- 
dia, Wayne County, X. Y.. and in that town con- 
tinued his occupation several years. In 1841 he 
came tu_Will County, 111., locating in Homer Town- 
ship, where he sojourned but a j'ear ere removing 
to Orland Township. Cook County. There he 
purchased and improved an eight}' -acre farm, upon 
which he resided until his death, in 1880, engaged 
in the peaceful vocation of a farmer. 

The mother of our subject Abigail, daughter 
of William Barnes, and was born in Hillsboro, 
.Alass. Her father, win; had previously kept an 
liotel in Boston, removed to Barnstone, Canada, 
during her early life, and engaged in farming there. 
The homes of (irandfather .Tones ami Grandfather 
Barnes were l.uit a mile apart, and when, in 1882, 
our suliject revisited his birthiilace, he was able 
from the descriptions given him to locate both 
[ilaces. fi rand father Barnes and his wife were 
brought to Illinois in 18.54, and both died at the 
liome of his father. ^Nlrs. Wesley Jones was the 
mother of six children, he of whom we write being 
the ^-oungest. Cyrus died in New York; Wesley 
is now living in Wetmore. Kan.; William is farm- 
ing in Frankfort Township, this county; Wright 
lives in Portland, Ore.; Abigail, Mrs. Cross, lives 
in Wetmore, Kan. The mother passed away in 
Mokena in l« the .advanced age of eight}- 

Noble Jones was born in Barnstone, Canada, 
November 1(1, is:ll,and was therefore about three 
ye.ars old when he accompanied his parents to 
Arcadia, N. Y. The journey was accomplished 
with a team and wagon, and during the few years 
which followed the little lad enjoyed the privi- 
lege of attending the common schools. The re- 



moval to Illinois taking place when lie was ten 
years old, is well remembered by liim, and the ride 
on the canal to Buffalo and on a steamer to Chi- 
cago were enjoyed as none but a hearty 1)0\' could 
enjoy such a trip. The city wiiicli is now the 
scene of Mr. .Tones' labors, presented an uninviting 
appearance when Die family reached it. consisting 
as it did of a few unpretentious dwellings and 
places of Ijusiness, around which stretched the low 
ground which well deserved the name of mud hole. 
From Chicago the family came to Will Count3' 
with teams, and liere our subject passed one 3'ear. 

Cook County tlicu became the home of the 
Jones family, and our subject was obliged to 
go three miles to school. The old-fashioned log 
schoolhouse with slab benches and puncheon floor 
was the scene of his educational efforts, and tiie 
schools were kept up by subscription. Like other 
farmers' sons young Jones was earl3' set to work, 
!-i)on presenting the ap|)earance of the "barefoot 
li(iy with cheek of tan" who maj' be ^acn on man}' 
a t:uin. When thirteen years old he began driv- 
ing a liicnking team, consisting of seven yoke of 
oxen. 'I'liree ^-ears later he found work as a team- 
ster foi- the Rock Island Railroad Compan}'. which 
was then [lutting its line to Mokeua. He received 
¥l."25 per da}- for himself and team, a day's work 
being twelve hours. 

In tiie spring of 18.')2, when eigliteen years ohl. 
Noble .lones and his brotiier Wright rigged up a 
mule team and staj-ted to California. Making 
their wny to Council Bluffs, the}- joined eighteen 
others in a caravan which traveled along the north 
liank of the I'latte River to Ft. Laramie, thence 
along the North Platte, taking .Sublet's Cut-off, and 
thence through the So\ith Pass to the Golden 
Stale. Thice times tlie train was attacked by the 
Pawnees, who were very hostile at that time, and 
all considered it wonderful that they escajied being 
nia.ssacred. At Loupe Fork and the two follow- 
ing camping places, only the bold front they pre- 
sented to the savages presented so ilire a catastro- 
phe. As their own animals were wild, and gun- 
shots would have stamjieded them, they did not 
dare shoot, but depended upon their a|)pearance 
of preparation and fearlessness, whicli fortunately 
proved sutlicient to save their lives. The only 

weapon possessed by our subject during these try- 
ing scenes was a long range rifle. 

The train arrived in Sacramento seventy-three 
days after leaving Council Bluffs, and Mr. .lones 
found work upon a farm, beginning his labors at 
^75 per month, and receiving |)125 before he 
abandoned them. His only experience in mining 
was during three days, when he was visiting in the 
mountains. After remaining on the slope two 
years Mr. Jones returned via the Nicaraugua route, 
the steamer "Sierra Nevada" carrying him from 
SanFrancisco to the Isthmus, and the "Star of the 
West" being his home during the Atlantic voyage. 
The last named vessel was the first I)oat fired at 
Charleston during the late war. Mr. Jones was 
working on a farm six miles from S.acramento 
when that city was Ijurned, and also when it was 
"drowned " by the overflow of the Sacramento 

'Slv. Jones comiileted his journe}' from New 
York to Mokeiia liy rail, the to the latter 
place having been ttnished in his absence. For a 
short time he carried on his father's place, then 
bought eighty acres of raw land in F"rankfort 
Township, upon which he broke ground, made var- 
ious im|)roveraents and settled down to farming. 
He devoted himself to that vocation two years, 
meeting with an ordinary degree of success, and 
he then built a steam mill in Mokena, and for two 
years engaged in Hour and saw milling as a member 
of the Arm of Cross & Jones. This venture did 
not prove successful, but on the contrary swal- 
lowed u[) all the previous earnings of Mr. Jones, 
an<l he therefore abandoned it for another Held of 

In 1S.').S Mr. C. Rowley engaged our subject to 
<;o with him to Pike's Peak, Colo., to start and 
carry on a sawmill, agreeing to pay him -t'jO per 
month for his services. When the two arrived at 
.Vtchison. Kan.. Mr. Rowley concluded to start 
the business on the Missouri River at that point 
instead of going to the destination which they had 
had in view. Mr. Jones therefore became Super- 
intendent of the sawmill at Atchison, having charge 
of the sawing and rafting of logs and every other 
detail of the business. He was joined by bis wife 
and child, and continued to reside in the (Jardeii 



.Stale until 1863. when he returned to Illinois. 
For a twelvemonth he carried on his fatiier'.s farm, 
;uid then, taking up his abode in Mokena, he began 
buying grain and shipping it to Chicago. Du, ing 
the next two years he was fairly successful, and he 
then opened an estalilislinient for the sale of agri- 
cultural implements. 

The new venture of IMr. Jones proved to be one 
in which liis good judgment and business tact 
found room, and during the next twelve years he 
made njoncy. He closed out his large trade at the 
riglit time, in 1878, and going to Chicago, cnga<jed 
in llie cninuiission business and secured a member- 
sliip on the linard of Trade. So successful have 
been his operations tliat liis name lias become well 
known to all who are interested in the working of 
the Board. His son and son-in-law are with him 
as assistants, and six other men are employed by 
him in his olHce. I lis dwelling in Mokena is a 
commodious one. furnished in a style suited to his 
means and the cultured tasics of the occupants, 
and snpplied with every means for the added cul- 
ture and enjoyment of the family. 

The lad\' with whoni Jlr. .Tones was united in 
marriage, was born in Solon, X. Y.. and bore tiie 
maiden name of Clarissa V>. Farley. Her father, 
lienjamin Farley, was an early settler in Lockport, 
III., following the trade of a car|)enter and joiner. 
Mrs. .lones was orfihaned when a j'oung girl, and 
early liegan to make her own way as a .teacher. 
She was educated in Indiana, and in that State 
Itegan her wedded life, lier marriage rites being 
celeliraled duly 25, 18.35, in tlie town of West 
Creek. She is a gifted and accomplished woman, 
whose charming hospilalit}' is never forgotten Ijy 
thiise who once enjoy it. She is the mother of six 
children, i.if whom four survive — Charles II.. the 
llrst-born, ilie<l in 1S77, at the .age of twenty j'ears; 
F.dward S. makes his home in Chicago, being with 
his father in business; Emma married Walter Met- 
calf, and their home is in Normal Park, Cook 
County; r)clle and Bertha are still at home. The 
sons anrl daughters have had fine advantages, and 
their minds and manners do credit to the care 
whicli ha> been bestowed upon them, and afford 
good ground for parental i)ri<le. 

Mr. Jones was i'resident of the lioard of Trus- 

tees at Mokena for three years and then resigned 
the otllee. In 1856 he cast a Presidential ballot 
for John Charles Fremont, and since that date has 
been an active supporter of the Republican party. 
He possesses agreeable manners, a jovial and 
friendly nature, and is one of those fortunate men 
who, when business hours are over, can thoroughly 
enjoj' the comforts and luxuries by which they are 
surrounded, and the many pleasures which their 
abundant means can procure. Mrs. Jones is a con- 
sistent member of the Metiiodist Episcopal Church. 

v^EOPGE W. DUNLAP, tlie son of a pioneer 
l|| j- — , of Will County-, who has himself done much 
Vi^^j pioneer work in the improvement of his fine 
farm on section 36, Wheatland Township, maj- well 
be classed among the jiioneers of this part of Illi- 
nois. He is a native of Sullivan County, N. Y., 
and was born April 3, 1845. He is a son of Wilson 
and Phicba (Ilollid.ay) Dunlap, natives of New 
York State. The father's family is of Scotch origin. 

In 1853, the parents of our subject emigrated to 
this county and his father farmed here as a renter for 
a number of years. He finall}' settled on a farm of 
his own in DuPagc Township, and subsequentlj' 
removed to Plain field and resided there a number 
of years. Later he and his wife retired from active 
life to the home of his daughter, ]\Irs. Albert Tyler, 
of Wheatland Township, and he is still an inmate 
of her household and is now in his seventy-sixth 
year. In the month of June, 18.S8, his faithful 
wife, wlio had borne with him the labors of their 
early jears and had shared with him the joys and 
sorrows of a long wedded life, was removed from 
his side b}- the hand of death. B3' that marriage 
he became the father of seven children, of whom 
the following four survive: Eugene, residing in 
Lockport Townsiiip; Mrs. Tyler, of Wheatland 
Township; Elizabeth, wife of Henry Walker, of 
Iroquois County, and our subject. The father is a 
stanch Democrat in politics. 

George Dunlap, of wliom we write, was a young 
lad when he came to this county and here he was 
reared to a stalwart manhood under the influences 



of i)ioneer life. His education was cornluctCHl in 
the district scliools of the earlj' daj^s, and lie gained 
a thoiougli knowledge of farming in ail its brandies 
under the guidance of his fatlier. and lias always 
followed that calling. 

In the month of August, IsGi'. Mr. Dimlap was 
uiiirricd to Mrs. Atla Katou. widow of IIcnr_v Eaton, 
of Wheatland Township, and a daughter iif .1. !'.. 
King, of DuPage Township, of whom a sketch ap- 
pears in this Alui.m. Of their uiiiou four children 
have lieen horn, of whom three aie now living: 
James \V.. Ida. Affa and Kmrna.l. I!\ her lirst mar- 
riajje with Ilcnry Katon. Mrs. Dunhip liail one 
daughter. Alice. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ijunlap are highU' regarded in this 
comnuinit}' for their great personal worth and in 
tlieir home, comfort and hosiiitalily aliides. Mr. 
Dunlap carries on his affairs with wisdom and in 
his dealings with others is honest and fair. lie is 
sincerely rcligicius atid the Methodist Epi,«copal 
Church finds in him uuc of its most consistent and | 
conscientious meniljcrs. His strong temperance 
views shaiie his politics .and he is identilied witli the 
I'roliiliitiou |iarty. He lias served as a School I)i- 
rcctiM'. and all things that will in any wa\' advance 
the educational interests of the township or elevate 
societ3% find favor with him. 

but a casual glance over his estate, even 
^ ^. fixiin one iinaoipiainted with the relative 
value of soils and unaccustomed to farm life, to 
recognize the fact that the above-named gentleman 
is a thorough agriculturist. The one hundred and 
sixty acres in the southwest (Quarter of section K!, 
Washington Township, are so well improved and 
kejit in such excellent order as to attract the atten- 
tion of all p.assers-b_v and lead all to agree in their 
verdict regarding the owner. Mr. Bredemeyer was 
one of tiie carl}- settlers in this vicinity, but having 
come to stay he put forward his best efforts to make 
of his home one of the best farms in 2s'ortliern 

Before outlining the life-history of our subject 

it will not be amiss to devote a brief space to that 
of his ancestors. His grandfather, Christopher 
Bredemeyer. and his father, William, Sr., were of 
old (German stock and born in Algesdiuf, Germany. 
There father and son w-ere engaged in farming, and 
hot li were noted for their great strength anil massive 
frames. William Bredemeyer was ovEr seven feet 
in heigh I and of proiiortionate weight. He lived 
to be more tli;iii four-score j-cars old, while his father 
reached the ailvanced age of ninety-three years. 
Both were life-long members of the Lutheran 
Chureh. William Bredemeyer, Sr., married a lady 
who betanie the mother of two children, our subjet't 
and his --istcr Mary, who lived and died in Germany. 
The mother was possessed of remarkable [ilivsical 
strength and a disposition and cliaractcr wc^rthy of 
rememliraiice by her posterity. "When in the [irime 
of life she was stricken b}' a fever and after a short 
illness breathed her last, leaving our sul)ject mother- 
less before he was eight 3'ears old. 

The subject of this biograijical notice was born 
.lunc ;). 1824, in Algersdorf, Germany, and pas.-cd 
his boyhood and youth in his native laml. In 181."), 
while he yet lacked some months of having 1 cached 
his majority, he leftTiremerhaven on a sailing ves- 
sel bound for New York. After a voyage of si.\ 
weeks a landing was made and the voung man con- 
tinued his journey to Chicago. 111. He s|ient ten 
_years in Cook Countv, always engaged in farm 
labi^r. and at the expiration of that jieriod obtained 
from the (iovernment the land which he now owns 
anil Occupies. A. decided change has taken place 
in its aspect and surroundings since he took posses- 
sion of it in 18.31, and the change is highlv credit- 
alile to him who has made the desert blossom as the 

In Cook County -Mr. Bredemeyer made the .ac- 
ipiaintance of Miss .So|)hia Heesen, an industrious 
and worthy young woman who was gaining a live- 
lihood as a domestic. Her good qualities won his 
regard, which was reciprocated and thej' became 
man and wife. Mrs. Bredemeyer was born in 
Repen. Germany, Feliruaty 17, 1827, and began to 
earn her own living when quite j'oung, having lost 
her parents. In 18U), she crossed the briny deep 
alone to make a home for herself in .a foreign land. 
She is the mother of fifteen children, three of whom 



died in infancy' and the son, Henry, at the age of 
tweuty-six years. The living members of the fam- 
ily are William, Jr., a farmer at Barnsville, Clay 
County, Minn.; .lohn, who married a lady of Min- 
nesota and is living in Clay County ; Sophia, wife 
of William Ileeht, a farmer of the same county; 
Cliristoiili. who is f.irmiiig in ttie same county and 
in that State married a native of Saxony; Fred, 
who is still at home and iielps to manage the farm; 
Maiy. wife of John Meyer, of Crown Point, Ind., 
and 'i traveling salesman; Christ, who is unmar- 
ried and working in Chicago; Louisa and Herman, 
at home; Amelia, who is living in Chicago; and 
Emma, at hum?. All the children are self-support- 
ing and inherit the industrious habits and thrifty 
ways of their parents. 

.Mr. Rredemeyer is a believer in and a supporter 
(if the principles of the Democratic iiart\-. He and 
his wife belong to the Lutheran Cluirch. 

\1i-^ ON. AMOS SAVAGE. Few words are 
[fjji needed in introducing- Mr. Savage to the 
t)-^ people of Will County, as his name has 
(^) been familiar to the great jiortion of them 
for many years. He has long been identified with 
the best interests of this section and has fairlj' 
earned his title of Honorable b^y services in the 
Illinois Legislature, where he acq\iitte<l himself 
with his usual good judgment and efliciencv. He 
is a man of fine taltnts and that solid strength of 
character which has gained him the esteem and 
confidence of all with wliora lie has had dealings. The 
friend of progress and education, he has carried 
out his ideas, especially in his own family, giving 
to his children the advantages which will fit them 
for taking their positions in life as good an<l use- 
ful members of the community. The home of Mr. 
Savage and his surroundings indicates in a marked 
manner the qualities of character which have 
shown conspicuously in all the relations of life. 

The subject of this notice is the offspring of ex- 
cellent ancestr}', supposed to have originated in 
luigland. His father. Deacon Levi .Savage, was 
born in Washington County, X. Y., January 28, 

1799, and his mother, who bore the maiden name 
of Alilenda Streetor, was a native of the same 
county- .as her husband and less than a montli his 
junior, her birth taking place February 20, of the 
same year. They were reared in their native 
count}' and married at Granville, Januarj- 27, 1822, 
Soon afterward they settled in Clinton County, 
that State, but only remained there three years, 
returning then to Washington County where they 
resided about eigiit years. 

In June, 1833, the parents of Mr. Savage came 
to this county, locating near .loliet, where they re- 
mained until the s|)ring of 1834. The father then 
took \\\) land o.i sei'tion 2S, Homer Township, 
from which he constructed a comfortable home- 
stead whei'o he sojourned until his death, which oc- 
curred February 14, ISS.j. The mother is still 
living and although having arrived at the advanced 
age of ninety-two years, retains her faculties to a 
remarkable degree. 

Deacon Savage was a man possessing strong 
traits of character and was not easil}' turned from 
bis convictions when he felt assured that he was 
right. He was a stanch Abolitionist, totally op- 
jiosed to the --peculiar institution" of slaver}- and 
for many years a Deacon in the Congregational 
Church. His home was the resort of man}- noted 
characters, where his hospitality and genuine kind- 
ness of heart made everyone feel welcome and at 
home. The hciusehold circle included eight chil- 
dren, five of whom lived to nuiture years. Han- 
nah W. died nnniairied when about forty years of 
nge : Helen L. was the wife of Dwiglit Haven, a 
sketch of whom will be found on another page in 
this volume. Emily is the wife of William II. 
Lanfear of Homer Township; Edward is a resident 
of Sioux Falls. S. D.; Amos, our subject, is the 
youngest born. The elder children died when 
quite young. 

Mr. Savage of whom we write was born in what 
is now Homer Township, June 18, 1836, and 
therein he has spent his entire life. His boyhood 
d.ays were nnmaiked b}- anything esiiecially no- 
ticeable, he attending the district school an;l as- 
sisting his father in the ligiiter labors of the farm. 
He chose agriculture for his vocation in life, as 
best suited to his tastes and capacities, being 



tlioroiiglil\' iuibiied with the scntiiiK'nl lh;il this 
calling properly carried uii. was sccoml in iliiiiiity 
to none on the face of till' cartli. He rcmaincii a 
nicnibcr of the parental lidusi'liohl nulil his mar 
riau'o. which occurred at J.ciiuiiit. C'nok County, 
this Slate, February 25, IsOl, tlie bride being Miss 
Mary L.. daughter of Asahel and Catlierine ((ieil- 
des) Slate. 

After his return from the army the ynunL; [»■<>- 
pie commenced their weddeil life tugeiheron tlieir 
own farm hi Homer Townshi|). and Mr. Savaue 
operated successfully as a tiller of the soil while at 
the same lime he grew in favor with his fellow citi- 
zens, interesting himself in the enterprises calcn- 
lati'd tu innmote the general good of the commun- 
ity. Hi- public service was as Supervisor (jf 
Homer 'I'ownship. to which he was elected in 
April, l.HfH, ;'.nd which olllce he resigned in order 
to proffer his services in the prt'servation of the 
union. He enlisted as a private August .'). IfSCil. 
in Comiian}- G. Thirt\'-ninth Illinois Infantry, and 
not long afterward was given the commission of 
Second Lieutenant which was succeeded July 20, 
1,S(52, by his promotion to a First Lieutenancy. 
Still advancing, he was presented July 11. isiil, 
with a CaiJtain's commission and served in this 
cajiacity until October 28, following, when he was 
obliged to accept his honorable discharge on ac- 
count of disability. His first experience in actual 
service was m repelling the raid of Stonewall .Jack- 
son upon the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, in .Janu- 
ary, 18G2, where one hundred men of tl.e Thirty- 
ninth successfully- resisted the attack of two rebel 
regiments, the Third Arkansas and Thirty seventh 
Virginia. He was also at the battle of Winchester, 
(Hearnstown) March 23. 1862. where the favorite 
chieftain of the rebellion was driven from the (hid 
with the loss of guns and manj' prisoners, lie was 
sent with his command to join the Army of the 
Potomac at the time of the ".seven days' llghl"; 
was in the expedition agai.'ist Charlestown and 
engaged in the siege of that cit^- from Ainil to 
December, of 1863, and led his company over tlie 
parapet of Ft. Wagner. 

Mr. Savage, in 1864. was in the campaign against 
Richmond, in the Arm}' of the .lames, leaving the 
front only when disabled and when his regiment 

had been reduced by the casualties of battle and 

by disease, fi' a total of seven hundred and fifty, 

to about one hundred .■ind lifly nu'ii in the short 
s|iace (if two months. 1 pon receiving his discharge 
he retuined to his farming interests in HomerTown- 
sliiii. Iiut has never laid aside any of his i)atriotism 
or his activity in assisting the projects set on foot 
for the benelil of the peo|)le. He has taken an 
a(ti\c part ii] political affairs antl it is hardly nec- 
e>sar\ to state is ;i stanch supporter of the Repub- 
lican party. He has been for many years a prom- 
inent membei- of ( iooding Pt>st, No. 401,. (i. A. 
R. and was once elected to the commandership, 
but declined. He is indi'pendent in his religious 
views, a man who does his (.)wn thinking, who 
seeks to force his opinions upon none, but who 
abides by his coii\icl ions with the natural ternxcity 
and sti-cngth of his ch.aracler. 

For over a (jnarter of a century and since No- 
vendier. 1SG4, Mr. Savage has served continuously 
as Township Treasurer. His leisure hours h.ive 
been employed with instructive reading, and few 
men not following the profession of law arc bet- 
ter acfjuainted with its underlying principles. His 
council is frequently sought in matters of impor- 
tance and largely in the settlement of estates with 
which he is often entrust-ed. Tn 1860, he took the 
stump for Abraham Lincoln, in Will and DuPage 
Counties, rendering signal service in behalf of the 
Republican candidate for President. In 1867, he 
was appointed to fill a vacancy as Supervisor of 
Homer Township, and from that time was contin- 
uously elected to the olllce until 1872. when he 
withdrew to take his seat in the legislature. He 
was Chairman of the Board of .Su|)ervisors for two 
years and otherwise rendered ellicient service 
in the various matters which were constantl}' 
ci>ming u|» for consideration. Mr. Savage has 
taken an active (lart in ever}' Presidential cam- 
[laigu since 1864. During his eight separate elec- 
tions as Township .Supervisor, he placed in 
oilice five times without a single dissenting voice. 
He was elected to the State Board of Jiqualiza- 
tion in 1876, and served eight 3'ears. 

Notwithstanding his public services, Mr. Sav- 
age luas distinguished himself as a progressive far- 
mer and has invested a large portion of his cap- 



itrtl ill v;ilii;ible lauds, owning tliree Imndred and 
sixty-fuur acres in lliis county, licsides lanil in 
Daliota. He malvcs a specialty of live stock, buy- 
ing and selling extensively and utilizing a large 
(lortion of liis farm in Homer Township for feed- 
ing purposes. He is a prominent member of llie 
Old Settlers As.soeiation of this county. His domes- 
tic life furnishes a iiicture iileasant Lo contemiilale, 
with his family of intelligent children growing ill) 
around him and ncc ii|>yiiig hmiored positions in 
society. Iheehlest dauglitcr. Helen K., was born 
December S, 18G1. and is the wife .if Frank A. 
Kowlcy. of Homer 'rownship; Frank .M., was bom 
July 10. ISCT. and married Miss Kmiiia Haley of 
Homer Township; .biliii 11., was born .lime :.'"), 
l.sTi). and ispur.-uing his studies in the Euglewood 
High School: WiUiard A., xyas born September 14, 
1.S72, and IMary A.. May 13, 1S7 1. The two 
younger i-hildren are at home witli their iiarenls. 
The |iarents of .Airs. Savage died in South Car- 
olina when she was quite yoiiug. Her father was 
liorii in New I^ngland and her mother in New 
Y(jrk State. j\hs. Sawige was born near (George- 
town, S. C, .lune 22, 1837, and came to Illinois in 

DAMKL {•■il)l)ViNH':NT. Jt ib a pleasure to 
gaze upon the \aricd landscape that com- 
prises the beautiful faiiii of this geutleinan. 
and lo note the care with which e\ I'ry detail of its 
management is overseen, the natural features of 
hill and valley being uiiuianed by neglected build- 
ings, tumble-down fencers (iv unsightly hclds. The 
estate comprises one hundred ami ninety-two acres 
of land that is well ailaptcil for stock-raising, and 
in that branch of agriculture Air. I'"iddyment is 
ipiite e-Ktensively engaged. 

The parents of our suiijc^ct, William and Hannah 
(Knivi'lt) Fiddymenl. were natives of •■Merrie 
Knglaiid,'"and there their son was alst) born, his na- 
tal day being ()ctob<'r G. is:;s. Tlic parental family 
consisted of three sons and one daughter, and Ihev 
were reared uiion a farm, the father being a tiller 
of llie soil. In l.s'i'J they determined to cross the 
briny deep and seek a better oiiening for their en- 

ergies in the I'nited States. Bidding adieu to the 
land of their birth, the^y reached New York after 
an oiean vo3'age of seven vreeks, and came to Lock- 
port. 111., by water, traversing the Hudson River, 
Krie Canal, Great L.akes, and Illinois and JNHchigan 

For some time the elder Mr. Fiddyment was en- 
gaged in the business of distilling, but he finally 
settled on the homestead now occupied by his 
widow and her son Daniel. He of whom we write 
began his personal career as a farmer, and has ever 
ccmtinued in the vocation to which his early sur- 
rounilings and tastes led him. That it is one 
to which he is adapted liy nature, no one will 
doubt who visits his pleasant and renuineralive 
farm. The reputation that he bears among the 
tillers (A the soil of this vicinity is that of an able 
agriculturist and an honest man, and this is agreed 
to by all who know him. 

.Vii imiiorlant step in the life of Mr. Fiddyment 
was his marriage, in 1(501, to Miss Margaret Wads- 
worth, a native of N'ermont. This lady possesses 
the strict integrity and regard for duty that cliar- 
a'-'lcrize the New lOngland wonieii, and with it the 
housewifely skill and kindliness to those in need of 
attention that ;ue alsc_) pidiiiinent traits in their 
character. The union has been blessed by the 
bivth of five children, but three have been removed 
liy the .Vugel of Death. The survivors — i Hive and 
Daniel — yet linger at the family fireside. 

I'erhaps the most icmarkablo fe.-iture in a life 
markeil by uiirightiiess and strict attention to liis 
licrs.nial affairs, is tlie fact that Mr. Fidd\iiicnt lias 
never lieen engaged in a lawsuit, either as princi- 
pal or witness. His wib' belongs to the Methodist « 
F,|)iscoiJal Church, at Lockport. and is numbered 
among the reliable members. " 

A tine view of the home of our subject and its 
surroundings, will be tVinnd on the opposite i)age. 

■it, OSKril K.Vl'S. Anumg the citizens of fov- 
1 eign birth, residents of I'lainfield Towushii), 
! wlu) have been factors in promoting its 
/ farming interests and bj' sheer force of per- 
sistent and intelligent labor have placed themselves 

Residence of Joseph Kaps , Sec28. PlainfieldTp.Will Co.Ill. 

Residence of Mrs.Hannah Fiddyment, Sec.I.LockportTp.Will Co.Ill. 


aiimiii^ llic UKisl suli>l:uUi:il iiu'iiilii'l'^s of the ci>m- 
iiiuiiity. i» llie siilijcct of tliis biogr:i|)liic;il ri,>\ io«% i 
Mini Ills f;iiin i> one of tlie finest iind liosl iiKiiinueil I 
ill this viciiiilv. llo \v;xs l)orii in Sliloisicii. ( ifriiiruiy. 
near llic lioiimlaiy lino hot worn tli.-it kiiitiiloiii .-mil 
rol-iiul, lii.s liii-lli lakiiij; |il:u'o Orlolier 1. l.s:il. 
His father. (_'iiri>lo|ilici' Kap,--. was a native of the ' 
s;inie lilaee. while his father, whose L;iven name 
was .lob u .Miehael. was horn in .Austria. After at- 
taining liianliooil the latter crossed the bonier ami 
became a eitizen of (lermany. anil there niarrieil 
and reared a family, siiendini;- the vvA of his days 
there as a farmer. The father of our subjeel 
learned the traile of a weavta' and followed thai 
oeiaii)ation besides lillini;' the little [ilot of eigiit 
acres of land that ho owned. He resided in his 
iiati\e place until l^.'it. and in that year with his 
wife and tuo sons started for this land of |iroiniie. 
selling' sail November lH. from Kreineii in the saii- 
liiir vessel ••.Alfred" and landini;' l)ecember ■i.j, on 
the shores (_)f Anu'iica. He located in Clevel.-ind. 
Osweiiip Connty. N. V.. and was a resident of that 
|il.-iee till .Inly. ls.').'i. In that month he etinio le> 
Illinois and loealiMl in Aurora. Kane ( 'ouni v. and 
lived there ten years. At the expir.-itiiui of thai 
lime he came t(.) \\ill County and spent his last 
years in the town (?f Troy, dyini; lliere in 1 s7."i. 
The inolhcr of our subjeel deparled this life in 
l.'sTl*. The father was Iwice married and reared 
two daughlers by his hrst inarri;i;^e, .Mary eomiiiL: 
to America and dying here subseipiently unmar- 
ried. 'J'liere were four ehililicn of the second 
marriagt', two of whom were re.-irod to years of 
maturity, onr subjeel and his brother .lohii. The 
laUer settled in Troy and later in I'lainlii'ld. where 
lie died iiniiiarried. 

.loSe|)!i Kaps attende(l sehoul -loailiU until four- 
teen years of age and ac(pureil a sound e<lucalioii. 
He then took up furining as his lib' work, carrying 
it on in the land of his birth till \s:,l. Thai year 
marked a turnini; poinl in his life :is it waslhon he 
einigraled to this eoimlry. He stalled out in a 
foreign land with no other capit.-il tlniii with which 
nalnie [)rovided him au<l he lirst made money by 
Working for others. He was thus engaged for four 
years, and then rented Land and in 18G7 made his 
first |iureli;isc of eighty acres of wild prairie in- 

Troy, this Ctiunly. lie greatly impid\'e(l 'he land 
and tilled the soil there until ISSd. when he sold it 
at a good ad\aiici' and [lurchased his present place 
of residence on section 28, riaiiilielil Township, 
three miles from the villagr, seven and one-half 
miles from .loliet, the farm lieing be.autifn lly lo- 
caleil on Ihi' banks of the Dul'age Kiver. It com- 
prises two hiiudred and fifty-one acres of land of 
uusiirp.assed fertility and productiveness. He has 
it under the best of enllivatiim and has erected 
comiiioiliiius liuildiugs and has it amply provided 
with all the ccniN'eiiieiu'cs for carrying on agricul- 
ture to the best ad\ant.'ige. 

The [irosperity of our subject is due in a measure 
to the fact that he has been assisted in his labors by 
Ihe active co-operation of a i-a| wife to wdi<mi 
he was united in marriage in;,;). Iba' maiden 
naiiu' was Mary Seipolt and she was Uovn in (<er- 
nniny, .and came to America with her [laronls, Jo 
soph and Mary .M. Seipolt. Their pleasant home 
c-iicle is coinjileleil l)y the seven children born to 
Ihein: Matilda. Mary, l-'raueis, Henry, .lose|)h, 
('Lira and .lohu. 'I'he family are members in high 
slaudiu- of .St. .lohu's Catholic Church. 

It iii.ay be seen from the iJeru-al of this sketch 
that all thai onrsniijoft has and is lie owes lo liiiii- 
silf. that he is in fad a self-mach; man. He is well 
laidoued with decision of ch.araeler, leiiacity of 
purpose, ami an active mind, and those with his in- 
lieienl capacity and tiails of thrift and sagacity 
h.'iM' pushed him on to success in his calling and 
tlie acipiireiiKaiL of a desiralilc property. He is 
.alive to the \alue of .-i good <_'ducalion and gives 
his i-hildren .■id\aiilages in 1 lial direction. A man 
of his standing is a good cili/eii and is a help lo 
an\ (■ommunity. 

Ihe pleasant hi.ineaiid fertile fields belonging lo 
<iur .^nllject are well represented in the acconii)aiiy- 
iui: litlKigrapliic view. 

FK.VNKI.IN K. r..\I(l!EU was born in this 
county ill [lioneer times, coming of a good 
old iiioncer family, and, reared to a stal- 
wart, enterprising manhood, under the peculiar iii- 
lluences that obtained here in Ihe days of hi.s 



yonll), he stepped to the front to take his part in 
the yreat worlc of itdceniiug this section of tiie 
country from its |iriniitivc « il(hlc^^, and lia> ever 
since bcnnc an lioncialile [lart in sustaining and 
pnsliiui; forward its extcnsi\c agricultural interests 
as an active farmer anil stock-raiser in DuPage 

The suhjcet of tliis mjtice was horn in Uiis 
county. August 2."!, 18:!0. lie was a son of John 
and Emma (I'erry) liarber, natives respectively of 
X'ermont and Massachusetts. In 183-2 they emi- 
"ratcd from New England witli their family to 
this iiart of Illinois, and i\lr. I'.arher Ixjught land 
in this tijwnshii). on section 2. when the Govern- 
ment sale took place, |iurchasing both tiovernment 
and canal land, paying --si. 2,^ f(u- the former and a 
higher [iricc fur the latter. His land consisted of 
prairie and timber, and he turned the first furrow 
and erected a log house and log barn, making a 
dwelling of the fornu'r for a number of years. 
He resided here till his deatli. December I'.i, 1870. 
which removed from our midst a representative 
pioneer and a highly hou<irable useful citizen. 
The nnither of our subject hail preceded him in 
death, ilying on May 2, |.'-171. They were the par- 
ents of a large family of children, of whom four 
are known to survive, namely: Itoyal 1%., of .loliet; 
Caroline, wife of L. B.Anderson, of Michigan; 
.lane, wifi' of ^lilton Elsworth, of Wheaton ; and 
Franklin E. The father was a man of consider- 
able prominence in the county, and served for a 
time as Deputy Sherilf. lie was in early life a 
Whi"', but he afterward east in his fortune with the 
Republican party. He wassuccessful in life, linan- 
cially, and left a comfortable estate. Like all pio- 
neers, his early life here was one of sacrifice and 
often of privation. 

The subject of this biographical review was 
reared in this township, and received the |)relimi- 
naries of liis education in the local schools, and 
suhseijuently attended the High .School at .kiliet 
for a short time. Since then he has advanced liis 
education by oliscrvation and by reading, as he is 
a great lover of good books. He was trained to 
ihe life of a farmer, and obtained a sound, prac- 
tical knowledge of his calling, which he still pur- 
sues very profitably. He owns over two hundred 

acres of excellent farming land, which is well cul- 
tivated and yields large harvests, and is amply 
|)rovided with substantial buildings for every pur- 

To the one to whom he owes so much of the 
comfort and coziness of a good home, he was united 
in marriage .September 2, 18U7, the maiden name of 
his biide being Adelai<le \'alentine. They have 
live children, naniel_y: Emnra, wife of C. H. Tot- 
son; Etta F., P^dward, .lessie and Frankie. 

iMr. Barber bears a fine reputation in his old 
home as being a pi-actical man, of stanch principles 
and stability of i)urpose, whose word is never 
doid)ted; ime in whom his neighbors place im- 
plicit trust, who, in short, is a credit to his native 
county and is bearing worthily the mantle of ins 
pioneer sire. He has been Township Clerk, and 
has held the otlice of Constable. Politicall}', he is 
classed with the most earnest supporters of the Re- 
publican part\'. Religiously, he and his wife are 
Presbyterians, strong in the faith, and are among 
the most zealous members of the church of that 
denomination in this jjlace. 

Y/OIIN CAVANAUGH. The estate which 
this gentleman has seciu'ed is a monument 
to his altility as an agriculturist, and a con- 
((®[/ elusive proof that })ersisient effort will be 
rewarded. It comprises three hundred and 
eighty-eight acres vn section 'M>. Jackson Town- 
ship, and it needs Init a glance to assure the 
passer-by that here comfoi't abounds, while thrift 
is seen in every detail of the work which is car- 
ried on. The estate is thoroughly improved, the 
buildings being esi)ecially noticeaWe for their size, 
number and convenience. 

In County .Sligo, Ireland, about 1829, John 
Cavanaugh opened his eyes to the light, and in 
the Emerald Isle he remained until he almost 
twenty years old. He then went to England, 
wdiere he remained until the fall of 1851, when he 
determined to seek a wider field for his energies in 
the land across the sea. Taking passage for 
America he landed in Kew York, whence he went 



t(i AlliMiiy. si'jiiuniinii In tliiil oily tlircf nr Inur 
MKintlis. lit- tln-i) tiKik ii|i his rt'jiiKMicc i|] the 
wcslfiii part of llic Kui|iire Stale. iiiakiiiL; llriNi- 
iiicr ('«i\iiity liis home for sonu' two ve.-ns. Ills 
next iviniival was lo Will t'nuiity. III., uiinr he 
has since Inen :i resident, ami when' he has de- 
voted his attention to agrieultini'. 

One of the most important events in Ihi' life nt 
Mr. Cavanaugh was his choice of a cuniiianion, and 
he has no reason to regret his selection. His wife 
lioie the maiden name of Kaie .Mahei-. ami was 
liorn in Connty Kilkenny. Ireland. Noveuilier 1."), 
l.s.'is. ,She was aliout twenly-lhree ye.ars old 
when she left her native isle for America, and at 
the time of her niarriaiie she was living in Wil- 
mington, this c(;nnty. The family of .Mr. .anil 
Mrs. Cavanaiigh inclndes ten living (•hildren and 
two deceased. The latter are .lames E. and 
;\Iatliew; the survivors are Willia.m. .Michael. 
Thomas P., (ieoroe. Edward, .Mary, Li/./.ie. Mag- 
gie .1.. .lulia and Katie A. 

The active intellect and quick wit which are 
proverbial to natives of the Emerald Isle are not 
lacking in our subject and his estimable wife, antl 
the religious element of their characters is satislied 
with llie worship of the Catholic Church, in the 
faith of which the}' arc de\out believers. .Mr. 
C.-ivanaugh has been Commissioner ot Highways, 
taking the interest which all dwellers in the roim- 
tty should in the improvement of the roads. 

IIARLES llOLZ. This gentleman is num- 
bered among the leading citizens of lieecher, 
and indeed of AVashington Township, of 
which he has been Clerk for sixteen years. He 
has held other local offices and has a high reputa- 
tion as an ellieient public servant, and he is like- 
wise regarded as one of the most successful far- 
mers of this part of the county. lie owns a line 
estate of one hundred and twenty acres near the 
village and an excellent residence which he octai- 
pies within the linuts. 

Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germans, claims Mr. 
IIolz as one of her sons and that duchv was the home for generations. Henry IIolz, the 
father of our subject, was a shoemaker who fol- 
lowed his trade in the l-'atherl.and until I.S.",,s, uhi'U 
with his wife and family he eniigiated to America. 
They sailed fmui Hamburg to .\ew York on the 
■•Ncuth .VuuTica" which made the passaye in thirty- 
live d.-iys. The family journeyed direct to Chi- 
cago, 111., and thence to I)u Page County, from 
which the parents suliseipiently returned to Cook 
County, locating in I' Township. There 
the father died. .Inly 21, l,s7.s, in the sixty-seventh 
year u( his age. He was a liepublieau. a u]ember 
of the Lutheran Church, .and a gooil man who 
was respected by all who kiK'w him. His wife, 
Mary (Miller) IIolz, came to Will County after 
his death ami died at the home of our subject in 
the winter of IS.SC. .She then seventy-three 
years old. She was a life-long member of the 
Lutheran Church and was ;i de\(ite(| mother, lov- 
ing companion, and execdient neighlxu-. 

The parental family consisted of two sons and 
four daughters, the subject of this sketch being 
the second in order of birth. He was born N(> 
vember 29. 1M27, and was nearly of .age when his 
parents came ti. this country. He reached his 
majority in Dnl'age County where he continued 
to make his home until I ,SGo, being occupied as a 
f.armer and an improvei' of lan<ls. I'ljon leaving 
that c(]unty he took up his abode near Beeeher and 
here he has g.ained a competence and secured an 
excellent reputation. In his eaily life he learned 
the trade of a shoeuiakei-. lint he has not followed 
it since he came to America. 

The estimable wife of Mr. llolz was known in 
her maidenhood .as Minnie Oelerking. Their mar- 
riage rites were celebrated in Cook County and 
neither has cause to regi'cl the union. .Mrs. 
IIolz born in Hanover. (Jermany, .lanuary 0, 
IS42, received a good education in the land of her 
birth, and was so instructed by her good parents 
as to grow to womanhood possessed of a fine char- 
acter and much useful domestic knowledge. She 
was nineteen ytsars (jld when her [larents came to 
this crinntry and she lived in Du Page County 
until her marriage. Her union with our subject 
has been a childless one luit they have become the 
foster parents of three children: Henry died when 



seven years old; Louisa and Rosa are still with 
their foster parents, umler whoso care and tvainini;- 
Ihev have lieeu wuU reaied and educated in Lolii 
Kuglisii and (jeraiau seiiools. Mr. and Mrs. Holz 
and the daughters belong tci tlie Lutheran Church 
and have many friends among tlieir assi.iciate mem- 
bers, as well as in all eireles in whicli they move. 
The iiarents of Mrs. Holz were Henry and 
S(i|iliia (Ilai'tnianu) Oelerking. who were born 
reaicMJ and married in the Kingdom of Hanover. 
TIk' father followed the business of buying u|i 
butter, eggs, chickens, etc.. and selling them in the 
larger cities, doing in this way a tine commission 
trade. One son and live daughters were born to 
the good Cduiile befure they emigrated to Amer- 
ica. They sailed from ISiemerhaven in 18G(l, 
landing in New Vurk seven weeks later, and com- 
ing at once to the Trairie State, took u\> their 
abode on a farm, in Dn I'age County. There the 
parents live<l for some years, but subsequently 
became resicU'nts of iieeelier. Heie :\h-. Oelerking 
died in ( »clober, 187l'. at the age of sixty three 
Vtcars. lie was an honest, hardwoiking man, a 
good Kepulilican in politics, and a souml member 
of the Lutheran Chuicli. His widow sui vived 
him >e\eral years, breathing her last .May :.' 1 . 187(1. 
She was a uood mother, and a kiml-ln'arted neigli- 
bor. ever readv to assist those in need. With one 
ex<-eplion tlie members of the |iarenlal hoLisehold 
are still living. 

= €■ ■ ; » 

OHRANCK DIHF.I.L. One fuiidanniital 
idea has been relained as a common basis 
for the piinci|ial birms of Covernment. 
In the llieocrac}', the patriarchal system, 
a. id the democracy, tlie principle that the judiciary 
stands first in importance, has ever liccn recognized, 
and, as a logical .sequence, to be chosen to discharge 
that function carries with it a signal lionor. Dor- 
rance Dibell was invested with tliis dignity In- be- 
ing elected, on the ."id of Xo\-eml)cr, 1883, Judge 
of the Ninth .Imlicial Circuit, consisting of Will, 
(Irundy, LaSalle and llurean Counties. Born Keb- 
iiiary IG, 18-14, he was forty-one 'years of sige at 

the time of his election, thus being the youngest 
of those who have been called to that othce in the 
circuit mentioned. 

.Uidge Dibell is the son of the Rev. J. Li. Dibell, 
a native of Ivingsville, Ashtabula County, Ohio, 
and Louisa (Ward) Dibell, whose birthplace was 
KUington, Tolland County, Conn. His own birth- 
place was \Voaster, Wayne CNninty, Ohio. His 
parents lived in Homer and New Lenox Townships, 
Will County, III., from IS.'iO. The father was a 
Laptist miuisler whose sacred calling was termin- 
ated by death September Itl, 1885. His thirty-five 
years of ministration in this count}' are rich in 
tributes to his faithfulness in the service of his di- 
vine Master. After his death the mother, with her 
ilaugliter. .lulia Louisa, took up her abode with her 
son Dorrance, in -loliet, where she resided until her 
death October 17. 1885. The daughter Julia was 
killed hy tlu' cars in that city September 20, 188'J. 
Judge Diijcll was a lad of but six years when his 
parents settled in the Prairie St:ite and he grew to 
inanliiKjd on his father's farm, alleniling the |)ublic 
schools ill boyhood and siiliseqiiently prosecuting 
his studies in the I'liiversity of Chicago; beginning 
his [lersonal career as a teacher he was afterward 
employed as a telegra[)h operator at IJacine, Wis., 
and Wheatland and DeWitt. iowa. At the latter 
[ilace he began the study of l.'iw with the Hon. 
John C. Policy, further [lursuing his iirofessi(_inal 
researches with Messrs. (ioodspeed. Snajip A Knox 
and Parks A Hill, all of Joliet. 

On the 23d of August. Is7ll. the young student 
was admitted to the bar and formed a partnership 
witli the Hon. Charles A. I lill, now member of Con- 
gress from the Eighth District. The firm name was 

I HilUV Dibell. and the connei-tioii liegun September 
3. IM70. was not dissolveil until November 13, when the election of .Mr. Dibell to the bench 
severed the oldest law partnershiii in the county. 

I The liriii enjoyed a large and iiu|iortant practice, 
both members holding high [lositions among the 
legal fraternity on account of their acumen and 
their skill in comlucting cases. 

During the \'ears of his active practice Judge Dib- 
ell was a member of the City Council, and assisted 
in eslablisiiing a great number of the liest improve- 
ments of the city. He was in the council when the 



cliange was made fniui tbe special cliarlcr tn iiicdi- 
[loration niuler the jiciicral law. Thr lir>l jiiilicinl 
tfiiii of the .ludije is drawing;' Id a close ami it, is 
well wiUiiii iH.iiinils Id say that, his recoi-il will stand 
with the purest and alilest. 

One who has known .ludi^'e Dihell loiip; and inti- 
mately sa\s of him: --.Indite l>ihell is a lar<i;e- 
brailied, Inoad-minded, i;cm'idu>-spirilecl uimu. who 
commands the nffeelionate esteem and eoidiilenee 
of all who know him. Like most students, he is 
not in any sense a society m:in. Imt his equ;dile 
temper and, amialile <lispositiou have made him a 
liriine favorite with his neijjliliors and friends. 
The exaclinn' deniani's and lari,'e requirements of 
liis profes,sion have not dulled his t:iste for i;eneial 
literature. He has i;athered a'iie muiI \'alu:ilile 
miscellaneous lihi-.arj', not for (uiianient, Imt f(u- 
liis own use and enjoyment. The urerit poets and 
dramatists are represented there, and the specialists 
of science, philosophy and political ecomimy, have 
not been neglected nor overlooked. lOven theol- 
ogy is not excluded, as is too frequently the case 
among lavvyeis. In short, to legal learning he adds 
a cultivated taste and a lai-ge store of general in- 

The mariiage of .ludge Dibell n?id .Miss Sarah .AI, 
SiKt|)ii was celelirated in lS7-_'. The chosen com- 
panion of our suliject is the ehlest daughter of the 
Hon. Henry Snapp, at the lime of her marriage 
representing this district in Ccnigress. The onl}' 
living chilli of JNIr. and .Airs. Dibell is Charles Dor- 
rance. who was born iMarch 1'.), 1S7."). Not onl\-is 
Mrs. Dibell devoted to the interests of her home 
but she tlie culture and disposition that wins 
fiiends, and her place in society is an as.s'ui-ed one. 

has a brain to co 
. ' form various kim 

r.KXKZKi; C. STi:i'IIi:X. Ihe man wh. 
T'onceive ami a h.and ti 
_ ids of handicraft. m:iy well 

be gratefully proud of his ability to .add to the 
means iiy which others can increase their conven- 
iences or opportunities. The gentleman with whose 
name we introduce this notice comes of ji. famil}- in 
which the mechanical talent is cons|)icuous, several 

memliers having shown high degrees of skill in va- 
rious lines of construction. Ilis (Jrandfather ftar- 
ilen was a mill, cart and plow^ wright, and his 
(irandfather Stephen was idso a lirst-class mechanic. 
So, too, his father, .lo.seph Stephen, although 
the Intter sludie<l for the ministry and devol.Ml 
himself to till' cause of the Ahister during .a gicnt 
I'nrt of his life. .\ fidler account of I he lives of 
.loseph Stephen and his wi fe. .lane (< harden ) Ste- 
phen, will be fonnil in the sketch of D.-ivid S. Stc- 
l>hen on another p.age in this .\rr.i \i. 

The subject of this nolica' was born in .Mierdeen- 
shii-e, Scotland. .Inly 2,"i, LS.'iS, .tuiI accompanied 
his |iareiits to Anu-iic.-i in IHi;^. The voyage and 
journey to Northei-n Illinois .Mre recoi-iled in the 
sketch of his br(]t.h(>r David, .-nnl it is unuecessaiy 
to repeat them here. The lad w;is reared upon the 
farm until ist;:!, having the .•id vantages of the 
common schools, and when a very young man 
taught for one term in (ireen (lardeu Township. 
He inherited the mechanical skill of his ancestors, 
and vvithout having to serve an ap[irenticeship was 
able to do almost anything in mechanics. 

In 18f;:i Mr, Stephen opened a machine and re- 
pair shop in partnersiiip with his bi-olher, David S.. 
and has continued in the business for twenty se\-en 
years. The connection was finally dis- 
solved in 1880 and our subject has now the bulk of 
I the old business. He is proprietor of a saw, jilan- 
ing and feed mill in Frankfort and does all kinds 
of general wooilwork-, rei)airing and manufacturing. 
He also deals in farm implements and machinery 
and injiard-wood lumber and coal. He has a (ine 
set of machinery and tools, and the reputation 
wdiich he has earned .as a lirst-class mechanic is well 
deserved. The buildings vvhicli he occu[nes were 
erected by himself and are situated upon a five- 
acre tract of land owned by him. He also owns a 
cozy residence. 

When a young man, Mr, Stephen learned the 
rudiments (if farming and was aetivel\- engaged in 
it. acquiring in this way a practical knowledge of 
all pertains to agricult iiral life. Such was his 
taste and natural ability that while t'-aching he 
spent .Saturdays working in the shop and was able 
to wood two plows pel' day. thus m.aking s;?. Such 
industry and / merited the smiles of Dainc For- 



tune, and it is a pleasure to his friends to know 
tliatlie has gained a comfortable financial standing. 
Mr. Stephen has no political aspirations, preferring 
the quiet of his home to the tuninlt of public life, 
but is ever ready to use his influence and deposit 
his vote in favor of Republiciinism. 

The marriage rites of ^Fr. Stephen and ^Nliss 
Emma .1. Ilcuipt were celebrated in Frankfort, 
December .'ll. l^fu. The charming bride was born 
in Ktllngliam Count}', Midi., and well educated by 
wortliy parents. The latter were early settlers in 
Jackson. Mich., where they located in 183G. The 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Slcplien has been blessed 
liy the birtli of five children: (ieorge G. is a me- 
clianic and engaged with his father; Ida M. is a 
graduate of tlie Frankfort schools and now teaching 
at riadley. Homer Township, having begun her 
professional laliors whi'u but sixteen years old; .lo- 
seph A. is deceased; Robert E. and .lohn (J. are 
still at hi.ime and unoccui)ied, exce|it in useful 
studies anil pursuits. 

.EOKGE W. F]-A<;G. Tile family name 
, of this gentleman will ever he held in rever- 
! cnce in Will C'oiinty as that of one of its 
eaiiy pioneers, who was for many years pi-omi- 
nciitlv coniKcted with its interests, and of great 
a>sistance in developing its resources and laying 
tlic solid foMinlatiijii of the jirosperity that it en- 
i i\,-. to da\ . And it is witli jjleasurc that we place 
licbire the reailers of Ihis volume a review of his 
lilc and of thai of lii> lionored reprcsentali vc of 
the present. 'I'he latter, a native of the county, is 
now one of its leading agriculturists, owning and 
successfully managing a huge and valuable farm 
ill l.ockport and DuPage Townships, where he has 
a, line residence and enjoys all the comforts and 
luxuries of life. lie was an othcer in the late war 
aid did gallant service with his regiment until ill 
hi'altli i-ompi'lled him to resign his commission and 
• eliie to pri\atc life, taking with him the respect 
of his fellow ollicers and llie men who servi'd un- 
der him. 

Mr. Klai^g was born in IMainlield Township, 

July 25, 1837. Reuben Flagg, his father, was a 
native of New Hampshire, Groton, in Grafton 
County, being the place of his birth, lie was 
there bred to the life of a farmer, and thence 
went to ^'ermont when a young man and there was 
engaged in the cooper's trade. Two years later he 
made his way to Baltimore, Md., where he ac- 
quired the tr.ade of a stone-mason. After two 
years stay in that city he returned to ^'ermont and 
at one time worked as a stone-mason in Boston. 
In 1830, he came to Illinois, traveling by Lake 
Champlain, Champlain it Erie Canal to Buflfalo, 
and from thence by the lakes to Chicago. That 
city was then composed of two log houses and 
Indian huts, and there was a trading post there. 
The captain of the boat wanted him to build a 
warehouse, thinking it might come in use, though 
no one else seemed to agree with iiiin. Our sub- 
ject's father did not like that section of the country, 
as he thought it too swampj- for farming purposes, 
and he liiii'd a team to take him to Walker's Grove, 
a little lielow tlie present site of Plainfield. At that 
time there were but three families living in the 
vicinity, and whore Plainfield and .loliet now are 
there was not a lioiise, and Will Comity then 
formed a part of Cook County. All the land was 
open for seltlcmeiil and he had liis choice in mil- 
lions of acres, and as lie was told he <'onlil not li\e 
on the prairie he claimed a tract of timlier in tlie 
nortlieastern ipiarter C)f section 20, of what is now 
I'laiiilield Township. At that time deer and all 
kinds of wild game were iilenty, which w;is for- 
tunate for the early settlers as lu'ead stuffs were 
scarce, the nearest flour-mill being in Indiana. .Mr. 
Fl.agg's settlement was made there before the 
lUack Hawk War and there were freipient Indian 
scares, therefore, the handful of settlers built a 
stockade of logs and all gatliei-ed in it, and atone 
time lived there three months, the men taking their 
guns to the field to be ready for the enemy at a 
minute's warning. Once it was thought the In- 
dians were going to make a raid and all the set- 
tlers here went to Ft. Dearborn and st.ayed there a 
few days until it was thought safe to return to 
their homes. Mr. Flagg built a log cabin on his 
farm ani1 commenced its cleai'ance. Soon after 
coming liere lie took a contract to build the race 



for Walker's mills in which was sawed tiie lumber 
to build the lirst frame lioiise ever ereeted in 
Chicago, and Mr. Flagg drew it there witli nii ox 
tcaiD. After residing on that claim a short time 
he sold it and took up a tract of prairie land on sec- 
tion 10. and at once began the work of iniprovc- 
tncnt. lie first built a lou' cabin for the accom- 
modation of his family and afterward erected a 
more substantial residence. an<l at the lime of his 
death had improved a valuable fai m. 

November 9, 1869, this worthy and highly re- 
spected pioneer, departed this life. The maiden 
name of the wife who sh.arcd his labors and en- 
abled him to attain success in life was Betsey Ken- 
dall. She was born in Hebron. Oraftdu County, 
:<. H.. April G, 1805. Her father, .lohn W. Ken- 
dall, was formerh- a resident of Ilollis. X. 11. and 
removed thence to Hebron, where he bought 
a farm, and besiiles carrying on agriculture he 
worked at his trade of a cooper in that place un- 
til his death. The maiden name of Ids wife was 
Betsey Flander.s and she was also of New Hampshire 
origin, and there spent her entire life,dyii)g on 
the liome farm in Hebron. Mrs. Flagg's death oc- 
eurreil February i.j. is72. She was the mother 
of eleven children, as follows: .Tolin W. K., Sarah 
E., Samantha, Prudence. Frank, George W'.. Lornin. 
Henry, William H.. Mary and Lucy. Sanianiha 
was liie first white child liorn in Ihis county, and 
she died here February Qn. Is72, agcil forty-on(- 
years and five nmntbs. In his early life Mi-. 
Flagg was a follower of the ^^ big paily. luit, later 
identified himself with the Kepul)licaii at the time 
of its organization and remained true to the party 
until his death. He was distinguished as being the 
first .lustice of the Peace ever elected here. Judge 
Caton being his opponent. 

Following is an item published in the Chicago 
'/Vme.s after Mr. Flagg's death, which is of interest 
and importance. "In the winter of IS.",I, the 
Methodist circuit riders of the great west held ;i 
conference in the settlement of Chicago, and 
among the other supijlies contributed to their com- 
fort during their session was a dressed hog from 
the old town of Plainfield. in \\"\\[ Count}-, thirty- 
six miles south-west of the place of meeting. This 
animal was the property of Reuben Flagg. a gocjd 

farmer residing near Plainlicid, who has recently 
passed away. He starlccl with tlie dressed hog on 
a sled and succeeded in getting lost, somewhere 
just outside the present city limits. Not arrivinc; 
in time a delegation of ministers was sent out from 
the confereni'c to lincl him. This the}' were for- 
tunate enough to do. .mII licing much rejoiced, it is 
said, at the sight of the wandering fanner and 
especially of the fat porker on the sled. Now the 
question is whether this dressed hog shipped from 
Plainfield to Chicago in 1831, is not the first ship- 
ment of the article to this market on record, the 
initiatory nrri\al of a pro<lucl which in 1871, ag- 
gregated two tnillioii, live liumlred and twentv- 
eight thousand, one hundred eight head." 

George ^V. Flagg, of wiunu these lines arc writ- 
ten was reared on a farm and educated in the dis- 
trict schools, of this his uative county. He early 
displayed the patriotism that made him a good sol- 
dier and before the war became a mcmtier of the 
Plainfield Light Artillery, and at the time of the 
first call for troops, in April. l.Sfil, he was Second 
Lieut mant of liis com|iany. which offered its ser- 
vices to the government and was sent to Cairo, 
and was there organized as Com])any K, Tenth 
Illinois Infantry, and mustcicd in for three months. 
( )ur subjeet served until the expiration of his 
tciin of enlistment, and in .September, ISOI. ai^ain 
Volunteered foi' the defence of lii> country, enlist- 
ing in Company K, Kighth Illinois Cavalry, and 
was mustered in as Second Lieutenant. He was 
with his regiment until lMi;2, when he resigneil on 
account of ill health and icturned Ikjuic to resume 
farming on sect ion .'Jl . of I)u I'agc Township and 
lived there until l.s7"-'. In th.-it year, as his health 
was nf)t good, he went to Greeley. Col., and there 
engaged in livestock business for live years. At the 
expiiation of that time he returned to Will County 
.and lias siiu'(> been engaged in agricultural pursuits 
hcri'. lie owns five hundred acres of as fine farming 
Land as is to lie found in the county, located in 
I)u I'age and Lockport Townships. lie has a 
handsome and substantial residence wliich he oc- 
cupies in Plainfield, ami is mamiging his large agri- 
cultural interests with more than ordinary success. 

In lisfjl. Mr. Flagg and Marava Colegrove 
united their lives .and fortunes. She is a native of 


Wheatland Township, Will C'oiinl}', and a daughter 
of Lester G. and Lucretia (Ingersoll) Colegrove, 
of whom see sketch. Two children have resulted 
from this marriage, George Iv. anil .Tcrunie F. 
Chester Ingorsoll. the grandfallier of Mrn. Flagg. 
kept tlie lirst hotel th:it was opent'd in the city of 

Mr. l'1ui,'g's hiyal cuurse when our eonntry was 
threatened with ruin, and his straightforward, 
niaidy eniidncl in all the affairs of life, lioth be- 
fore and since that tinu'. mark liiin as a man who 
is an honor to the citizenship of his nati\-c county. 


HARLES PAULI, proprietor of tiie Na- ' 
tional Hotel at .Toliet,, counts his friends liy 

K^.' the score among the traveling public, and 
whoever is so fortunate as to sojourn once ■ under 
his hospitable roof, repeats the experiment at thi- 
earliest opportunity. 'I'lie National is eonifortably 
equipi)ed with all tlu' roiiuisites f(U' rest and re- 
freshment. "iMinc host" ('xerts himself to be 
courteous and obligiug, and is cviilently operating 
witii a thorough understanding of his business. 

The subject of this notice, a native of the King- 
dom of Saxony, was Ijorn May 1^. I^^IT, and is tlie i 
Sou of an old soldier of tlie (Jerman army, Henry j 
I'auli. who died in (iermany, in l!s7.!, at the ad- 
vanced .age of ninety-two years. He had distin- 
guished himself for bravery and fidelity to duty, 
and for nuiny years was in the enjoyment of a 
liension from the ( iovernnieut. 

In accordance with the laws and customs of his 
native country. iNIr. Paul! was placed in school at 
an early .age and pursued his studies several yeai's, 
acquiring a good education iu his nali\'e tongue. 
He remained a resident of his native place until a 
man of twenty-eight j'cars. and then resolved to 
Seek his fortunes in America. Accordingly, in the 
suunuer of 18G."i he set out for the New World on 
a steam vessel named New ^■()rk. which in due time 
landed him safely iu New "^'ork City. 'J'hcuce not 
long afterward he repaii-eil to St. Louis. Mo., and 
from there migrated to Kdw.-uds Couuty, Kau., ) 

where he sojourned two years. He afterward fol- 
lowed cigar making in Detroit, Mich., three or four 
years, from 1877 to 1881. In the spring of the 
latter year he came to Joliet, where he pursued his 
trade of a cig.armaker until purcliasing the hotel 
of which he is now proprietor. 

I'l-on i)econiing a voting citizen Mr. Pauli iden- 
tified himself with the Democratic part}'. He is 
eminently social in his instincts, belonging to the 
Old Soldiers' Soeiely, a German order flourishing 
wherever there is a large number of German 
soldiers. He also belongs to the Sharpshooters and 
the \'(.)cal Minstrel Society of Joliet. 

Mr. Pauli took unto himself a wife and helpmate 
in October, 1880, being wedded to Miss Lena An- 
liarilt. This lady was born of parents who were 
natives of ( iermany. anil who are now deceased. 
Of this union Miere are no children. j\lr. Pauli's 
mother bort' the maiden name of Doretta Bock; 
she is now dec^'a-ed. The National Hotel is a solid 
stoni.' buildiug, containing seventy two rooms and 
thoroughly e(piii)ped for the purposes to which it 
is adapted. It was the first buildiug of the kind 
erected in Joliet, and althnugh an old timer, is iu a 
peifecl state of preservatii.>n and good for many 
years t(i come. 


if ASON L. WILSON. Among the live real- 
estate meu of the flourishing little city of 
.loliet. is found Jason L. Wilson, who was 
born in this city. November 11, 1858. He 
is a son of (Jeiirge and Martha (Eaton) Wilson, 
both of whom are natives of Manchester, N.H. The 
fKther started out. in life as a farmer, but learned 
the c.-u-penter's trade, which he subsequently fol 
lowed. Jn 18.52 he left the (iranite State to find a 
home iu tlie [)rairie lands of the Mississippi Valley, 
bringing with him his family, which then com- 
prised two children. These were John, now cashier 
of the rolling mills, and Mrs. Jennie McGuire, 
also of this city. After Mr. and Mrs. George Wil- 
son became residei.ts of .loliet four children were 
born to them. Two of these, Geoi'ge and Eaton 

^-^LA c::>^^^^^t.^-^^j 




arc iIiTcasi'il : thu livino; an' ChaiK's. a procerv 
(Ifak'r in .Uiliet. ami our sulijcrt. 

'I'lu' gciilU'iiiau iif ne write rcceivcil a 
iT'iotl eoiniaun-seboo! education and lit-^tin his art- 
ivc life as a clerk iii a grocery ston\ in wliicli lie 
n>niainp<I alioul four years, lie tlien lucanio a 
(■I.t1< in the local ollicc of Ihc Alton K'ailroad. 
s|ii'n(linf,' eleven j'ears in the employ of thai rail- 
road corporation, finir of whicli were passed in 
Cliica<4o as chief clerk of Uie local office there. lie 
returned to .loliet as aLreiit of the Chicago & St. 
Louis, now the Santa Ke Kailroad, continuing in 
that capacity Ave years. In ls.s;i he entereil upon 
the sale of real estate, whirli he still pursues, hav- 
ing in Decemher of that year fornicd a partnership 
with Henry II. McOuirc. 

In jAIiss Laura N'ander.liurg. ;i cultured .■iiid lo\'- 
alile j'oung lady of this city. Mr. Wilson found 
the qualities of heart and iniiid which he desired 
in his life coni|)anion. After a successful wooing, 
the rites of wedlock were celeliratec] between tlicni 
July 22. 1882. They have throe living children, 
named respectively': George, jNIartha and .\iiila. 
Mrs. Wilson is a daughter of W. L. Nandeuburg, 
originalh' of the Empire State. Mr. Wilson af- 
liliates with the Masonic fraternity-. lie possesses 
flccided business abilitj', is well informed regard- 
ing the world's progress, and is reputed honest, le- 
lialile and straightforward in all his dealini's. 

<? >ILLIAM DAVIDSON. It is frequently 
y said that the iicdeslrian learns much more 
of the country than he who travels by 
public conveyance, as be is brought much closer to 
the (icople and has a better opportunity to observe 
their habits and to learn their characteristics, and 
also sees, as rapid transit will not permit, the nat- 
ural beauties or blemishes of the landscajie. Did 
time and space allow of a detailed accouut of the 
experiences of the subject of tins .sketch, much of 
interest might be learned regarding the appearance 
of various sections some years since and the man- 
ner of life of the citizens. Although his experi- 

ences were not always agreealile, yet liis laliors in 
life were beguiled by many scenes both entertain- 
ing and inslnicti ve. The stublKU'ii delennination 
which is so characteristic of the race from which 
he sprung and the feeling whieli has been so thor- 
oughly embodied in the well-known expression of 
oneof England's most notecl inen. that "England ex- 
pects ever^' man to do bis duty, " has characterized 
his life labors and h'd to his success and present 
assured financial standing. 

The remote ancestors of our subj<'<-t were Danes, 
but for many generations they have been num- 
bered among the iMiglish race. He of whom we 
write was born in T;illaiitire, Cumberland Count>-, 
England, October 2.s. I,s27. and is one of six sons 
and two daughters born to Koliert and Esther 
(llowel Davids<pn. who were natives of the game 
comity. The father was a farm laborer. Three 
sons and a daughter came to America, .losepli and 
William making the voj'age in IS.'iO. 

An old Englishman had been sent from Connec- 
licnt to the Mother Country to secure one hundred 
anil nfty (piairymen. and under an engagement 
with him the two Davidsons came to the I'i>ited 
States. .Toseph p.aying his own fare but William 
being brought bj' the compan}'. The latter from 
earl3' bo.yhood had longed to cross the ocean and 
rejoiced in the opportunity presented to him. They 
landed in New York Aiiril 24. 1850, and began 
their labors in the Connecticut quarry the follow- 
ing day. Previous to leaving his native land young 
Davidson had been railroading for six years and 
prior to that time had been a farm hand. 

Mr. Davidson worked ninety-nine days in the 
quarry, paying his passage monej' and quitting the 
employ of the company' when they owed him ^40, 
which they have never ))aid. Borrowing 87 from 
his brother, he went to Philadelphia and thence to 
llrdtiroore, from which point he started on a tramp 
with his kit on his back. He went to Little York, 
I'a.. and had worked six weeks when the quarry 
stopped and he tramped three hundred miles, le- 
turning to within a mile of his starting point. 
There he worked on a canal six weeks, after wlii(;li 
he walked to Dalton, Ohio, where he engaged to 
laj- track for the Ft. Wayne Nine 
nioiitlis were s|ient in the employ of that company. 



lUiring- which Mr. Davidson i)ut in tlie switches 
and side traclis from Pittsburg. Pa., to Massillon, 
Ohio. His next change was to Michigan C'itj', Ind., 
where lie took a job of spotting ties on the New 
Albany & Salenn Railroad. The little money which 
he should have made was lost, as his contract was 
but a verbal one. and his employers thought he was 
making too much for an old country man.' 

After this hard treatment Mr. Davidson left the 
company and coming to Chicago in 1852 was ill 
for two weeks, after which he went on the Illinois 
Central Railroad at Kankakee, before there was a 
liouse at that itoinl. lie got out all the stone used 
on the road from there to Cairo, working at it 
about four years, after which he took up his abode 
in Joliet, where he has resided for thirty-four \ears. 
lie came here with Robert Cunningham and tiie 
fiist work he did in this place was to get out stone 
for the I'liiversalist Church. He began work in 
the nuarry of which lie now owns a share, his em- 
plovers lieing Wilson liros. of Chicago, whom he 
served eleven years as a foreman. He and W. A 
Strong then bought the Swalm quarrj', and after- 
ward the Wilson, carrying on the two about four 
years, when onr subject bought liis partner's inter- 
est, besides other iiroperty. In l.s(;'.) he sold a 
fourth interest to his brother and, in 1885, taking 
in Henry Kerber. organized as a ji:iint stock com- 
pany. The output has been from *100 to >!150,000 
per year. 

Mr. Oavids<in has been fcmr tinu'S married. His 
first wife, .lane Sterling, was a native of Canada 
and was of Sccitcll descent; she died about three 
years after their marriage. ^Ir. Davidson con- 
tracted a second marriage with Ann Finney, a lad_y 
of English l)irtli;she was a widow with six chil- 
dren, the yonngest of whom was two years old at 
the time of iier second marriage. Slie bore l\Ir. 
Davidson two cliildren. one deceased, while the other 
a daughter. Etta .1., is the wife of .John Piei'ce 
and resides in Colorado S[)rings. Colo. After the 
death fif Mrs. Ann (Finney) Davidson onr subject 
took nnto himself as a wife and helpmate IMrs. 
Melissa Dewey, who lived twenty-one years after 
their union. No childien were liorn of this mar- 
riage. Mr. Davidson niarrieil his present wife, a 
most estimable huly, in the fall of 1885. Her 

maiden name was Amelia Hegliom, and she is of 
Norwegian birth. 

In connection with this sketch we present a lith- 
ographic portrait of Mr. Davidson. Politically, he 
is a strong Republican. His character as well as 
his business energy entitle him to respect, and he 
is numbered among the most reliable citizens of 
the city in which he has resided so many years. 

] OHN KIEF, senior member of the firm of Kiep 
l>ros., IS with his partner conducting a well 
regulated market occupying No. 117 Chi- 
cago .Street, Joliet, where he has lieen en- 
gaged since 1875. !Mr. Kiep is one of the native- 
born citizens of Joliet, and first opened his eyes to 
the light November 24, 1858. His father, Philip 
Kiel), a native of Oermany. emigrated to the I'nited 
States, in 1850, when a _yonnj'; man, coming imme- 
diately to the young town of .loliet. and in due 
time was married to i\Iiss Helen St. Julian. 

The mother of our subject was a native of 
France and born in 18-")4. She was thus four 
3'oars 3'ounger than her husband whose l)irth took 
place May 1, 1830. They were married in 1857, and 
Philip Kiep sometime afterward opene<l a board- 
ing house which he is still conducting. He and 
his excellent wife are still living, being hale and 
hearty and in the enjo3'ment of a comfortable sup- 
ply of this world's goods. There was born to them 
a family of nine children, six sons and three 
daughters, all of whom with the exception of P. 
Robert, the fourth child, who works in the Elgin 
Watch Factory, are residents of Joliet. The others 
were nameil respectively: John, Joseph, F'rank L., 
Philip D.. .losei)hine. Mary and Theresa, and one, 
Phili|K dead. 

The subject of this notice attended the public 
schools of Joliet and when starting out in life for 
himself entered the employ of W. C. Wood, who 
was engaged in the insurance business. Later he 
was variously occupied until 1875. when he estal)- 
lished his meat market in partnership with .lames 
McPartlin in 1881. In 1881, selling out he went to 
California where he remained until April the fol- 



lowing j'ear. lie was niariii'cl in .Iidict, .luncit, 
1885, to Miss Mar}- A. Kappal. Soou al'tt'inarci. 
ill oonipany witii iiis brother Joseph, lie established 
the present market wbieh is one of tlie most iiii- 
pdi'taiit iiislitnticms (if the kind in tiic eity. dciini^ 
a iai'm' business. He has m:,de as line displays 
dnrinii the holidays as anj' market man in the State 
of Illinois, priding himself at this season. lie is 
a fnie judge of good meats and is fully api)reciated 
l)y his patrons who comprise the best |)eople of the 
city. He gives very little attention to iiolities, 
Willi the exception of voting the Democratic tiiket 
at the general elections. 

Mrs. Mary A. (Rappal) Kiep was born June l.'i. 
I SGI. in .Idliet and is the daughter of Michael ami 
Antoinette Kappel who were early settlers uf the 
township and who are still living; they are pleas- 
antly localcil on a farm two and one-half miles frdni 
the riiiirt house. The two ehililren b(irn t(i Mr. 
and .Mrs. Kioi) were named respectively Loretla 
and .\nibr<ise. lieing a descendant of a peo|)le be- 
lie\ iiig in eoinjiulsor}- education, IMr. Kiep designs 
giving his children the Itest advantage in his 
pdwir. He is a Catholic in religion, belonging In 
.St. .\l(i\sius Scjeielv in Joliet. 

ff KliMAX N. DOESCIIKR. CreU' 'lown- 
Y J sliip is not without its share of the line 
\y/^ farms f(ir which the State of Illinois is 
(^! noted, and on one of these li\-es Herman 
Doe.scher, a sueeessfnl farmer and stock-raiser. 
This estate of two hundred and eighty .icres of line 
land near Kndor has been the home of our subject 
for fourteen years, and to his efforts is due its 
present state of improvement. He began his res- 
idence in this townshi|) in 1854, buying one liin- 
dred and twenty acres in the southern part. u|ion 
which there was but little improvement. He has 
since improved the f:u-ni and increased the .acreage. 
and made a small fortune l)y his iieisistent efforts 
in agriculture and stock-raising. 

In the town of Hanover, Germany. ,\piil 2». 
18;5;^, he of whom we write openeil his eyes to 
the light of (lav. He is the 

d in a family of 

eight children, one of whom was born in Amtrica, 
and was about nine years of age when the family 
emigrated to America, a settlement being made in 
Lake County, lud., where he grew to manhood. 
There he completed his schooling, becoming [los- 
si'sscd of a practical education, while under the 
careful training of his estimable i)arents,he acquired 
right principles and useful habits. At Hanover, 
in that county, he was united in marriage with 
Miss Amelia Aleier, who has been his ellicient 
companion and syni|)athizing helpmate for many 

Airs. Doeseher was born in IIano\er. (ierinanv. 
,\(i\cinber .'i, 18;M, and there rea.-ed to womanlioo(l. 
She lost her mother in Germany and suliso- 
(lucntly came to America witli two of her brothers 
to join their father, Henry INIcier, at Hanover, Ind. 
The latter afterward went to Iowa, and died at 
Jefferson, Greene County, when about four score 
and live 3-ears of age. His life work was that of 
farming. Mrs. Doescher was married about a 
year after her arrival in this country. She is the 
mother of twelve children, seven of whom died 
young. The survivors are Alvina, Lizzie, Bertha; 
and Edwin and Julius (twins), all at home. Mr. 
Doescher lias been llighw.ay Commissioner some 
years. In politics he is a stanch Republican. 
The entire family are attendants at the Lutheran 
Church, and are regarded with respect liy their 
fellow-citizens as wortli\- representatives of their 
nationality and the families from which they are 

The paienls of our sulijei-t were Hennaii and 
Johaim.di (SielTcn) Doex-lier. The father was horn 
in the Kiiig(hiiii of llanoxci. and hied to the trade 
of a rope maker. carrying on a rope-ualk at Bremer- 
liaven f(ir a number of years and until he came 
to America. Tlie mother was bom and rean.d 
near Hamburg, and was of pure (iernian bhuid. 
After the birth of all of tlc-ir children but one, 
Ihcy set out from Ureiiieilia\eii on a sailing ves- 
s( I \\n- the United States. After a voyage of 
seven weeks landing was made in New York Citv, 
whence the family at oii'-e journeyed to Lake 
County. Ind. This was in the fall of l.s4l>. The 
parents purchased one liiindred and si.vty acres of 
laid ill Hanover, wlieie they began their farm life. 



and where tliey lived for about fort^y years. There 
the mother died in 1881, at the age of seventy- 
eight years. Her luish.and afterW'ard went to En- 
dor, 111., and died at the home of hi.s son Charles. 
December 2. 1887. He had reached the advanced 
age of eighty-four years. He had been successful 
in worldly affairs and in gaining the esteem of 
his fellow-men to whom his honesty and kindli- 
ness were well known. His wife was an excellent 
neighbor, ever ready tii perform deeds of kindness 
and both had many friends, i)articuhirly among 
the ricrman residents of the county in which they 

^p5^E0RGE PICKEL is numbered among the 
III __ Industrious, thrifty members of the farm- 
^^4) iiig communit}' of riainfield Township, 
where he has an excellent farm, that is under 
good tillage, is provided with comfortable build- 
ings, and yields a good income. Our subject is a 
veteran of the late war, in which he suffered all 
the hardshiiis and iu'ivati(,ins of a soldier's life 
for the sake of his country. He is a native of 
New York, lunii nvpx tiic town of Albion, Orleans 
County, July 3. 1839, a .sun of John Pickel. He 
was but four years old when he was dc|)rive(l of 
the care of his father b3' his premature death. The 
mother of our subject married a second time, be- 
coming the wife of William Mctiuenn, who was a of the War of 1.^12. and took jiart in the 
battle of Platfstmrg. In 1H48, the family came 
to Will County, and here our subject was reared 
amid the pioneer inlliiences that obtained here 
thus early in the settlement of this section of the 
State. .loliet was then but a village and the sur- 
rounding country was but sparseh' settled, giving 
but little indication of its present prosperou