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Full text of "Portrait and biographical album of Warren County, Illinois : containing full page portraits and biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens of the county, together with portraits and biographies of all the governors of Illinois, and of the presidents of the United States ; also containing a history of the county, from its earliest settlement up to the present time"



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THE UNIVERSITY 



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COUNTY, IUINOIS, 



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Full Page Portraits and Biographical Sketches of Prominent 
and Representative Citizens of the County, 



^OGr ETHER. WITH- 



PORTRAITS AND BIOGRAPHIES OF ALL THE GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS AND 
OF THE PRESIDENTS OF THE .UNITED STATES. 

Also Containing A History of the Connty, from its Earliest Settlement 

tip to the Present Time. 



CHICAGO : 
CHAPMAN BROTHERS, 

1886. 



I- 





HAVE completed our labors in writing and compiling the PORTRAIT AND Bio- 
iGRAPHiCAL ALBUM of this county, and wish, in presenting it to our patrons, to speak 
briefly of the importance of local works of this nature. It is certainly the duty 
of the present to commemorate the past, to perpetuatethe names of the pioneers, 
to furnish a record of their early settlement, and to relate the story of their progress. 
. The civilization of our day, the enlightenment of the age, and this solemn duty which 
men of the present time owe to their ancestors, to themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives and deeds should be made. In local history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to enliven the mental faculties, and to waft down the river of time a safe 
vessel in which the names and actions of the people who contributed to raise this region from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly the noble men, who in their vigor and prime 
came early to the county and claimed the virgin soil as their heritage, are passing to their 
graves. The number remaining who can relate the history of the first days of settlement is 
becoming small indeed, so that an actual necessity exists for the collection and preservation of his- 
torical matter without delay, before the settlers of the wilderness are cut down by time. Not only 
is it of the greatest importance to render history of pioneer times full and accurate, but it is also essen- 
tial that the history of the county, from its settlement to the present day, should be treated through its various 
phases, so that a record, complete and impartial, may be handed down to the future. The present the age 
of progress, is reviewed, standing out in bold relief over the quiet, unostentatious olden times; it is abrilliant 
record, which is destined to live in the future; the good works of men, their magnificent enterprises, theii 
lives, whether commercial or military, do not sink into oblivion, but, on the contrary, grow brighter with age, 
and contribute to build up a record which carries with it precedents and principles that will 1 e advanced and 
observed when the acts of soulless men will be forgotten and their very names hidden in obscurity. 

In the preparation of the personal sketches contained in this volume, unusual care and pains were 
taken to have them accurate, even in the smallest detail. Indeed, nothing was passed lightly over or treated 
indifferently ; and we flatter ourselves that it is one of the most accurate works of its nature ever published. 
As one of the most interesting features of this work, we present the portraits of numerous represent- 
ative citizens. It has been our aim to have the prominent men of to-day, as well as the pioneers, represented 
in this department; and we congratulate ourselves on the uniformly high character of the gentlemen whose 
portraits we present. They are in the strictest sense representative men, and are selected from all the call- 
ings and professions worthy to be given. There are others, it is true, who claim equal prominence with 
those given ; but of course it was impossible for us to give portraits of all the leading men and pioneers 
of the county. We are under great obligation to many of the noble and generous people of this county 
for kindly and material assistance in the preparation of this ALBUM. 



CHICAGO, March, 1886. 



CHAPMAN BROTHERS. 




OF THE 




AND OF THE 




OF THE 





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FIRST PRESIDENT. 




lEOH! 






ft 



HE Father of our Country was 
born in Westmorland Co., Var, 
Feb. 22, 1732. His parents 
were Augustine and Mary 
(Ball) Washington. The family 
to which he belonged has not 
been satisfactorily traced in 
England. His great-grand- 
father, John Washington, em- 
igrated to Virginia about 1657, 
and became a prosperous 
planter. He had two sons, 
Lawrence and John. The 
former married Mildred Warner 
and had three children, John, 
Augustine and Mildred. Augus- 
tine, the father of George, first 
married Jane Butler, who bore 
him four children, two of whom, 
Lawrence and Augustine, reached 
maturity. Of six children by his 
second marriage, George was the 
eldest, the others being Betty, 
Samuel, John Augustine, Charles 
and Mildred. 

Augustine Washington, the father of George, died 
in 1743, leaving a large landed property. To his 
eldest son, Lawrence, he bequeathed an estate on 
the Patomac, afterwards known as Mount Vernon, 
and to George he left the parental residence. George 
received only such education as the neighborhood 
schools afforded, save for a short time after he left 
school, when he received private instruction in 
mathematics. His spelling was rather defective. 




Remarkable stories are told of his great physical 
strength and development at an early age. He was 
an acknowledged leader among his companions, and 
was early noted for that nobleness of character, fair- 
ness and veracity which characterized his whole life. 

When George was 1 4 years old he had a desire to go to 
sea, and a midshipman's warrant was secured for him, 
but through the opposition of his mother the idea was 
abandoned. Two years later he was appointed 
surveyor to the immense estate of Lord Fairfax. In 
this business he spent three years in a rough frontier 
life, gaining experience which afterwards proved very 
essential to him. In 1751, though only 19 years of 
age, he was appointed adjutant with the rank of 
major in the Virginia militia, then being trained for 
active service against the French and Indians. Soon 
after this he sailed to the West Indies with his brother 
Lawrence, who went there to restore his health. They 
soon returned, and in the summer of 1752 Lawrence 
died, leaving a large fortune to an infant daughter 
who did not long survive him. On her demise the 
estate of Mount Vernon was given to George. 

Upon the arrival of Robert Dinwiddie, as Lieuten- 
ant-Governor of Virginia, in 1752, the militia was 
reorganized, and the province divided into four mili- 
tary districts, of which the northern was assigned to 
Washington as adjutant general. Shortly after this 
a very perilous mission was assigned him and ac- 
cepted, which others had refused. This was to pro- 
ceed to the French post near Lake Erie in North- 
western Pennsylvania. The distance to be traversed 
was between 500 and 600 miles. Winter was at hand, 
and the journey was to be made without military 
escort, through a territory occupied by Indians. The 







r 



GEORGE WASHINGTON. 



trip was a perilous one, and several times he came near 
losing his life, yet he returned in safety and furnished 
a full and useful report of his expedition. A regiment 
of 300 men was raised in Virginia and put in com- 
mand of Col. Joshua Fry, and Major Washington was 
commissioned lieutenant-colonel. Active war was 
then begun against the French and Indians, in which 
Washington took a most important part. In the 
memorable event of July 9, 1755, known as Brad- 
dock's defeat, Washington was almost the only officer 
of distinction who escaped from the calamities of the 
day with life and honor. The other aids of Braddock 
were disabled early in the action, and Washington 
alone was left in that capacity on the field. In a letter 
to his brother he says: "I had four bullets through 
my coat, and two horses shot under me, yet I escaped 
unhurt, though death was leveling my companions 
on every side." An Indian sharpshooter said he was 
not born to be killed by a bullet, for he had taken 
direct aim at him seventeen times, and failed to hit 
him. 

After having been five years in the military service, 
and vainly sought promotion in the royal army, he 
took advantage of the fall of Fort Duquesne and the 
expulsion of the French from the valley of the Ohio, 
to resign his commission. Soon after he entered the 
Legislature, where, although not a leader, he took an 
active and important part. January 17, 1759, he 
married Mrs. Martha (Dandridge) Custis, the wealthy 
widow of John Parke Custis. 

When the British Parliament had closed the port 
of Boston, the cry went up throughout the provinces 
that "The cause of Boston is the cause of us all." 
It was then, at the suggestion of Virginia, that a Con- 
gress of all the colonies was called to meet at Phila- 
delphia,Sept. 5, 1774, to secure their common liberties, 
peaceably if possible. To this Congress Col. Wash- 
ington was sent as a delegate. On May 10, 1775, the 
Congress re-assembled, when the hostile intentions of 
England were plainly apparent. The battles of Con- 
cord and Lexington had been fought. Among the 
first acts of this Congress was the election of a com- 
mander-in-chief of the colonial forces. This high and 
responsible office was conferred upon Washington, 
who was still a member of the Congress. He accepted 
it on June 19, but upon the express condition that he 
receive no salary. He would keep an exact account 
of expenses and expect Congress to pay them and 
nothing more. It is not the object of this sketch to 
trace the military acts of Washington, to whom the 
fortunes and liberties of the people of this country 
were so long confided. The war was conducted by 
him under ever}' possible disadvantage, and while his 
forces often met with reverses, yet he overcaine every 
obstacle, and after seven years of heroic devotion 
and matchless skill he gained liberty for the greatest 
nation of earth. On Dec. 23, 1783, Washington, in 
a parting address of surpassing beauty, resigned his 



commission as Commander-in-chief of the army to 
to the Continental Congress sitting at Annapolis. He 
retired immediately to Mount Vernon and resumed 
his occupation as a farmer and planter, shunning all 
connection with public life. 

In February, 1 7 89, Washington was unanimously 
elected President. In his presidential career he was 
subject to the peculiar trials incidental to a new 
government ; trials from lack of confidence on the part 
of other governments; trials from want of harmony 
between the different sections of our own country ; 
trials from the impoverished condition of the country, 
owing to the war and want of credit; trials from the 
beginnings of party strife. He was no partisan. His 
clear judgment could discern the golden mean ; and 
while perhaps this alone kept our government from 
sinking at the very outset, it left him exposed to 
attacks from both sides, which were often bitter and 
very annoying. 

At the expiration of his first term he was unani- 
mously re-elected. At the end of this term many 
were anxious that he be re-elected, but he absolutely 
refused a third nomination. On the fourth of March, 
1797, at the expiraton of his second term as Presi- 
dent, he returned to his home, hoping to pass there 
his few remaining years free from the annoyances of 
public life. Later in the year, however, his repose 
seemed likely to be interrupted by war with France. 
At the prospect of such a war he was again urged to 
take command of the armies. He chose his sub- 
ordinate officers and left to them the charge of mat- 
ters in the field, which he superintended from his 
home. In accepting the command he made the 
reservation that he was not to be in the field until 
it was necessary. In the midst of these preparations 
his life was suddenly cut off. December i 2, he took 
a seveie cold from a ride in the rain, which, settling 
in his throat, produced inflammation, and terminated 
fatally on the night of the fourteenth. On the eigh- 
teenth his body was borne with military honors to its 
final resting place, and interred in the family vault at 
Mount Vernon. 

Of the character of Washington it is impossible to 
speak but in terms of the highest respect and ad- 
miration. The more we see of the operations of 
our government, and the m6re deeply we feel the 
difficulty of uniting all opinions in a common interest, 
the more highly we must estimate the force of his tal- 
ent and character, which have been able to challenge 
the reverence of all parties, and principles, and na- 
tions, and to win a fame as extended as the limits 
of the globe, and which we cannot but believe will 
be as lasting as the existence of man. 

The person of Washington was unusally tall, erect 
and well proportioned. His muscular strength was 
great. His features were of a beautiful symmetry. 
He commanded respect without any appearance of 
haughtiness, and ever serious without being dull. 



rtl 



SECOND PRESIDENT. 



2 3 




.M^.4.A.t w t^^ 






I 



OHN ADAMS, the second 
President and the first Vice- 
President of the United States, 
was born in Braintree ( now 
Quincy ),Mass., and about ten 
miles from Boston, Oct. 19, 
a, 1735. His great-grandfather, Henry 
Adams, emigrated from England 
about 1640, with a family of eight 
sons, and settled at Braintree. The 
parents of John were John and 
Susannah (Boylston) Adams. His 
father was a farmer of limited 
means, to which he added the bus- 
iness of shoemaking. He gave his 
eldest son, John, a classical educa- 
tion at Harvard College. John 
graduated in 1755, and at once took charge of the 
school in Worcester, Mass. This he found but a 
"school of affliction," from which he endeavored to 
gain relief by devoting himself, in addition, to the 
study of law. For this purpose he placed himself 
under the tuition of the only lawyer in the town. He 
had thought seriously of the clerical profession 
but seems to have been turned from this by what he 
termed " the frightful engines of ecclesiastical coun- 
cils, of diabolical malice, and Calvanistic good nature,'' 
of the operations of which he had been a witness in 
his native town. He was well fitted for the legal 
profession, possessing a clear, sonorous voice, being 
ready and fluent of speech, and having quick percep- 
tive powers. He gradually gained practice, and in 
1764 married Abigail Smith, a daughter of a minister, 
and a lady of superior intelligence. Shortly after his 
marriage, (1765), the attempt of Parliamentary taxa- 
tion turned him from law to politics. He took initial 
steps toward holding a town meeting, and the resolu- 



tions he offered on the subject became very popular 
throughout the Province, and were adopted word for 
word by over forty different towns. He moved to Bos- 
ton in 1768, and became one of the most courageous 
and prominent advocates of the popular cause, and 
was chosen a member of the General Court (the Leg- 
lislature) in 1770. 

Mr. Adams was chosen one of the first delegates 
from Massachusetts to the first Continental Congress, 
which met in 1774. Here he distinguished himself 
by his capacity for business and for debate, and ad- 
vocated the movement for independence against the 
majority of the members. In May, 1776, he moved 
and carried a resolution in Congress that the Colonies 
should assume the duties of self-government. He 
was a prominent member of the committee of five 
appointed June n, to prepare a declaration of inde- 
pendence. This article was drawn by Jefferson, but 
on Adams devolved the task of battling it through 
Congress in a three days debate. 

On the day after the Declaration of Independence 
was passed, while his soul was yet warm with the 
glow of excited feeling, he wrote a letter to his wife, 
which, as we read it now, seems to have been dictated 
by the spirit of prophecy. "Yesterday," he says, "the 
greatest question was decided that ever was debated 
in America; and greater, perhaps, never was or will 
be decided among men. A resolution was passed 
without one dissenting colony, ' that these United 
States are, and of right ought to be, free and inde- 
pendent states.' The day is passed. The fourth of 
July, 1776, will be a memorable epoch in the history 
of America. I am apt to believe it will be celebrated 
by succeeding generations, as the great anniversary 
festival. It ought to be commemorated as the day of 
deliverance by solemn acts of devotion to Almighty- 
God. It ought to be solemnized with pomp, shows, 



, 



A 



JOHN ADAMS. 



games, sports, guns, bells, bonfires, and illuminations 
from one end of the continent to the other, from this 
time forward for ever. You will think me transported 
with enthusiasm, but I am not. I am well aware of 
the toil, and blood and treasure, that it will cost to 
maintain this declaration, and support and defend 
these States; yet, through all the gloom, I can see the 
rays of light and glory. I can see that the end is 
worth more than all the means; and that posterity 
will triumph, although you and I may rae, which I 
hope we shall not." 

In November, 1777, Mr. Adams was appointed a 
delegate to France and to co-operate with Bemjamin 
Franklin and Arthur Lee, who were then in Paris, in 
the endeavor to obtain assistance in arms .and money 
from the French Government. This was a severe trial 
to his patriotism, as it separated him from his home, 
compelled him to cross the ocean in winter, and ex- 
posed him to great peril of capture by the British cruis- 
ers, who were seeking him. He left France June 17, 
-1779. In September of the same year he was again 
chosen to go to Paris, and there hold himself in readi- 
ness to negotiate a treaty of peace and of commerce 
with Great Britian, as soon as the British Cabinet 
[ might be found willing to listen to such proposels. He 
sailed for France in November, from there he went to 
\ Holland, where he negotiated important loans and 
V formed important commercial treaties 

Finally a treaty of peace with England was signed 
Jan. 21, 1783. The re-action from the excitement, 
toil and anxiety through which Mr. Adams had passed 
threw him into a fevei. After suffering from a con- 
tinued fever and becoming feeble and emaciated he 
was advised to go to England to drink the waters of 
Bath. While in England, still drooping anddespond- 
ing, he received dispatches from his own government 
urging the necessity of his going to Amsterdam to 
negotiate another loan. It was winter, his health was 
delicate, yet he immediately set out, and through 
storm, on sea, on horseback and foot,hemade the trip. 

February 24, 1785, Congress appointed Mr. Adams 
envoy to the Court of St. James. Here he met face 
to face the King of England, who had so long re- 
garded him as a traitor. As England did not 
condescend to appoint a minister to the United 
States, and as Mr. Adams felt that he was accom- 
plishing but little, he sought permission to return to 
his own country, where he arrived in June, 1788. 

When Washington was first chosen President, John 
Adams, rendered illustiious by his signal services at 
home and abroad, was chosen Vice President/ Again 
at the second election of Washington as President, 
Adams was chosen Vice President. In 1796, Wash- 
ington retired from public life, and Mr. Adams was 
elected President,though not without much opposition. 
Serving in this office four years,he was succeeded by 
Mr. Jefferson, his opponent in politics. 

While Mr. Adams was Vice President the great 



French Revolution shook the continent of Europe, 
and it was upon this point which he was at issue with 
the majority of his countrymen led by Mr. Jefferson. 
Mr. Adams felt no sympathy with the French people 
in their struggle, for he had no confidence, in their 
power of self-government, and he utterly abhored the 
class of atheist philosophers who he claimed caused it. 
On the other hand Jefferson's sympathies were strongly 
enlisted in behalf of the French people. Hence or- 
iginated the alienation between these distinguished 
men, and two powerful parties were thus soon organ- 
ized, Adams at the head of the one whose sympathies 
were with England and Jefferson led the other in 
sympathy with France. 

The world has seldom seen a spectacle of more 
moral beauty and grandeur, than was presented by the 
old age of Mr. Adams. The violence of party feeling 
had died away, and he had begun to receive that just 
appreciation which, to most men, is not accorded till 
after death. No one could look upon his venerable 
form, and think of what he had done and suffered, 
and how he had given up all the prime and strength 
of his life to the public good, without the deepest 
emotion of gratitude and respect. It was his peculiar 
good fortune to witness the complete success of the 
institution which he had been so active in creating and 
supporting. In 1824, his cup of happiness was filled 
to the brim, by seeing his son elevated to the highest 
station in the gift of the people. 

The fourth of July, 1826, which completed the half 
century since the signing of the Declaration of Inde- 
pendence, arrived, and there were but three of the 
signers of that immortal instrument left upon the 
enrth to hail its morning light. And, as it is 
well known, on that day two of these finished their 
earthly pilgrimage, a coincidence so remarkable as 
to seem miraculous. For a few days before Mr. 
Adams had been rapidly failing, and on the morning 
of the fourth he found himself too weak to rise from 
his bed. On being requested to name a toast for the 
customary celebration of the day, he exclaimed " IN- 
DEPENDENCE FOREVER." When the day was ushered 
in, by the ringing of bells and the firing of cannons, 
he was asked by one of his attendants if he knew 
what day it was? He replied, "O yes; it is the glor- 
ious fourth of Tuly God bless it God bless you all." 
In the course of the day he said, "It is a great and 
glorious day." The last words he uttered were, 
"Jefferson survives." But he had, at one o'clock, re- 
signed his spirit into the hands of his God. 

The personal appearance and manners of Mr. 
Adams were not particularly prepossessing. His face, 
as his portrait manifests.was intellectual ard expres- 
sive, but his figure was low and ungraceful, and his 
manners were frequently abrupt and uncourteous. 
He had neither the lofty dignity of Washington, nor 
the engaging elegance and gracefulness which marked 
the manners and address of Jefferson. 



*\\ 






1 - . Y. . J "~ 
THIRD PRESIDENT. 



27 





THOMAS JEPPEBSOIS. 




i 



HOMAS JEFFERSON was 
born April 2, 1743, at Shad- 
well, Albermarle county, Va. 
His parents were Peter and 
Jane ( Randolph) Jefferson, 
the former a native of Wales, 
and the latter born in Lon- 
don. To them were born six 
daughters and two sons, of 
whom Thomas was the elder. 
When 14 years of age his 
father died. He received a 
most liberal education, hav- 
ing been kept diligently at school 
from the time he was five years of 
age. In 1760 he entered William 
and Mary College. Williamsburg was then the seat 
of the Colonial Court, and it was the obode of fashion 
and splendor. Young Jeffersqn, who was then 17 
years old, lived somewhat expensively, keeping fine 
horses, and much caressed by gay society, yet lie 
was earnestly devoted to his studies, and irreproacha- 
able in his morals. It is strange, however, under 
such influences,that he was not ruined. In the sec- 
ond year of his college course, moved by some un- 
explained inward impulse, he discarded his horses, 
society, and even his favorite violin, to which he had 
previously given much time. He often devoted fifteen 
hours a day to haid study, allowing himself for ex- 
ercise only a run in the evening twilight of a mile out 
of the city and back again. He thus attained very 
high intellectual culture, alike excellence in philoso- 
phy and the languages. The most difficult Latin and 
Greek authors he read with facility. A more finished 
scholar has seldom gone forth from college halls ; and 







there was not to be found, perhaps, in all Virginia, a 
more pureminded, upright, gentlemanly young man. 

Immediately upon leaving college he began the 
study of law. For the short time he continued in the 
practice of his profession he rose rapidly and distin- 
guished himself by his energy and accuteness as a 
lawyer. But the times called for greater action. 
The policy of England had awakened the spirit of 
resistance of the American Colonies, and the enlarged 
views which Jefferson had ever entertained, soon led *< 
him into active political life. In 1769 he was chosen 
a member of the Virginia House of Burgesses. In 
1772)16 married Mrs. Martha Skelton, a very beauti- 
ful, wealthy and highly accomplished young widow. 

Upon Mr. Jefferson's large estate at Shad well, there 
was a majestic swell of land, called Monticello, which 
commanded a prospect of wonderful extent and 
beauty. This spot Mr. Jefferson selected for his new 
home; and here he reared a mansion of modest yet 
elegant architecture, which, next to Mount Vernon, 
became the most distinguished resort in our land. 

In 1775 he was sent to the Cclonial Congress, 
where, though a silent member, his abilities as a 
writer and a reasoner soon become known, and he 
was placed upon a number of important committees, 
and was chairman of the one appointed for the draw- 
ing up of a declaration of independence. This com- 
mittee consisted of Thomas Jefferson, John Adams, 
Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman and Robert R. 
Livingston. Jefferson, as chairman, was appointed 
to draw up the paper. Franklin and Adams suggested 
a few verbal changes before it was submitted to Con- 
gress. On June 28, a few slight changes were made 
in it by Congress, and it was passed and signed July 
4, 1776. What must have been the feelings of that 




T 



THOMAS JEFFERSON. 



man what the emotions that swelled his breast 
who was charged with the preparation of that Dec- 
laration, which, while it made known the wrongs of 
America, was also to publish her to the world, free, 
soverign and independent. It is one of the most re- 
markable papers ever written ; and did no other effort 
of the mind of its author exist, that alone would be 
sufficient to stamp his name with immortality. 

In 1779 Mr. Jefferson was elected successor to 
Patrick Henry, as Governor of Virginia. At one time 
the British officer, Tarleton, sent a secret expedition to 
Monlicello, to capture the Governor. Scarcely five 
minutes elapsed after the hurried escape of Mr. Jef- 
ferson and his family, ere his mansion was in posses- 
sion of the British troops. His wife's health, never 
very good, was much injured by this excitement, and 
in the summer of 1782 she died. 

Mr. Jefferson was elected to Congress in 1783. 
Two years later he was appointed Minister Plenipo- 
tentiary to France. Returning to the United States 
in September, 1789, he became Secretary of State 
in Washington's cabinet. This position he resigned 
Jan. i, 1794. In 1797, he was chosen Vice Presi- 
dent, and four years later was elected President over 
Mr. Adams, with Aaron Burr as Vice President. In 
1804 he was re-elected with wonderful unanimity, 
and George Clinton, Vice President. 

The early part of Mr. Jefferson's second adminstra- 
tion was disturbed by an event which threatened the 
tranquility and peace of the Union ; this was the con- 
spiracy of Aaron Burr. Defeated in the late election 
to the Vice Presidency, and led on by an unprincipled 
. ambition, this extraordinary man formed the plan of a 
military expedition into the Spanish territories on our 
southwestern frontier, for the purpose of forming there 
a new republic. This has been generally supposed 
was a mere pretext ; and although it has not been 
generally known what his real plans were, there is no 
doubt that they were of a far more dangerous 
character. 

In 1809, at the expiration of the second term for 
which Mr. Jefferson had been elected, he determined 
to retire from political life. For a period of nearly 
forty years, he had been continually before the pub- 
lic, and all that time had been employed in offices of 
the greatest trust and responsibility. Having thus de- 
voted the best part of his life to the service of his 
country, he now felt desirous of that rest which his 
declining years required, and upon the organization of 
the new administration, in March, 1809, he bid fare- 
well forever to public life, and retired to Monticello. 

Mr. Jefferson was profuse in his hospitality. Whole 
families came in their coaches with their horses, 
fathers and mothers, boys and girls, babies and 
nurses, and remained three and even six months. 
Life at Monticello, for years, resembled that at a 
fashionable watering-place. 

The fourth of July, 1826, being the fiftieth anniver- 



sary of the Declaration of American Independence, 
great preparations were made in every part of the 
Union for its celebration, as the nation's jubilee, and 
fhe citizens of Washington, to add to the solemnity 
of the occasion, invited Mr. Jefferson, as the framer, 
and one of the few surviving signers of the Declara- 
tion, to participate in their festivities. But an ill- 
ness, which had been of several weeks duration, and 
had been continually increasing, compelled him to 
decline the invitation. 

On the second of July, the disease under which 
he was laboring left him, but in such a reduced 
state that his medical attendants, entertained no 
hope of his recovery. From this time he was perfectly 
sensible that his last hour was at hand. On the next 
day, which was Monday, he asked of those around 
him, the day of the month, and on being told it was 
the third of July, he expressed the earnest wish that 
he might be permitted to breathe the air of the fiftieth 
anniversary. His prayer was heard that day, whose 
dawn was hailed with such rapture through our land, 
burst upon his eyes, and then they were closed for- 
ever. And what a noble consummation of a noble 
life ! To die on that day, the birthday of a nation,- - 
the day which his own name and his own act had 
rendered glorious; to die amidst the rejoicings and 
festivities of a whole nation, who looked up to him, _ 
as the author, under God, of their greatest blessings, 
was all that was wanting to fill up the record his life. \ 

Almost at the same hour of his death, the kin- 
dred spirit of the venerable Adams, as if to bear 
him company, left the scene of his earthly honors. ' 
Hand in hand they had stood forth, the champions of 
freedom; hand in hand, during the dark and desper- 
ate struggle of the Revolution, they had cheered and 
animated their desponding countrymen; for half a 
century they had labored together for tne good of 
the country; and now hand in hand they depart. 
In their lives they had been united in the same great 
cause of liberty, and" in their deaths they were not 
divided. 

In person Mr. Jefferson was tall and thin, rather 
above six feet in height, but well formed; his eyes 
were light, his hair originally red, in after life became 
white and silvery; his complexion was fair, his fore- 
head broad, and his whole, countenance intelligent and 
thoughtful. He possessed great fortitude of mind as 
well as personal courage ; and his command of tem- 
per was such that his oldest and most intimate friends 
never recollected to have seen him in a passion. 
His manners, though dignified, were simple and un- 
affected, and his hospitality was so unbounded that 
all found at his house a ready welcome. In conver- 
sation he was fluent, eloquent and enthusiastic; and 
his language was remarkably pure and correct. He 
was a finished classical scholar, and in his writings is 
discernable the care with which he formed his style 
upon the best models of antiquity. 




f 






FOURTH PRESIDENT. 







AMES MADISON, "Father 
of the Constitution," and fourth 
President of the United States, 
was born March 16, 1757, and 
died at his home in Virginia, 
June 28, 1836. The name of 
James Madison is inseparably con- 
nected with most of the important 
events in that heroic period of our 
country during which the founda- 
tions of this great republic were 
laid. He was the last of the founders 
of the Constitution of the United 
States to be called to his eternal 
reward. 

The Madison family were among 
the early emigrants to the New World', 
landing upon the shores of the Chesa- 
peake but 15 years after the settle- 
ment of Jamestown. The father of 
James Madison was an opulent 
planter, residing upon a very fine es- 
tate called "Montpelier," Orange Co., 
Va. The mansion was situated in 
the midst of scenery highly pictur- 
esque and romantic, on the west side 
of South-west Mountain, at the foot of 
Blue Ridge. It was but 25 miles from the home of 
Jefferson at Monticello. The closest personal and 
political attachment existed between these illustrious 
men, from their early youth until death. 

The early education of Mr. Madison was conducted 
mostly at home under a private tutor. At the age of 
1 8 he was sent to Princeton College, in New Jersey. 
Here he applied himself to study with the most i*" 



prudent zeal ; allowing himself, for months, but three 
hours' sleep out of the 24. His health thus became so 
seriously impaired that he never recovered any vigor 
of constitution. He graduated in 1771, with a feeble 
body, with a character of utmost purity, and with a 
mind highly disciplined and richly stored with learning 
which embellished and gave proficiency to his subsf 
quent career. 

Returning to Virginia, he commenced the study of 
law and a course of extensive and systematic reading. -' 
This educational course, the spirit of the times in 
which he lived, and the society with which he asso- 
ciated, all combined to inspire him with a strong 
love of liberty, and to train him for his life-work of 
a statesman. Being naturally of a religious turn of 
mind, and his frail health leading him to think that 
his life was not to be long, he directed especial atten- 
tion to theological studies. Endowed with a mind 
singularly free from passion and prejudice, and with 
almost unequalled powers of reasoning, he weighed 
all the arguments for and against revealed religion, 
until his faith became so established as never to 
be shaken. 

In the spring of 1776, when 26 years of age, he 
was elected a member of the Virginia Convention, to 
frame the constitution of the State. The next year 
(1777), he was a candidate for the General Assembly. 
He refused to treat the whisky-lovir.g voters, and 
consequently lost his election ; but those who had 
witnessed the talent, energy and public spirit of the 
modest young man, enlisted themselves in his behalf, 
and he was appointed to the Executive Council. 

Both Patrick Henry and Thomas Jefferson were 
Governors of Virginia while Mr. Madison remained 
member of the Council ; and their appreciation of his 






3 2 



/AMES MADISON'. 



intellectual, social and moral worth, contributed not 
a little to his subsequent eminence. In the year 
1780, he was elected a member of the Continental 
Congress. Here he met the most illustrious men in 
our land, and he was immediately assigned to one of 
the most conspicuous positions among them. 

For three years Mr. Madison continued in Con- 
gress, one of its most active and influential members. 
In the year 1784, his term having expired, he was 
elected a. member of the Virginia Legislature. 

No man felt more deeply than Mr. Madison the 
utter inefficiency of the old confederacy, with no na- 
tional government, with no power to form treaties 
which would be binding, or to enforce law. There 
was not any State more prominent than Virginia in 
the declaration, that an efficient national government 
must be formed. In January, 1786, Mr. Madison 
carried a resolution through the General Assembly of 
Virginia, inviting the other States to appoint commis- 
sioners to meet in convention at Annapolis to discuss 
this subject. Five States only were represented. The 
convention, however, issued another call, drawn up 
by Mr. Madison, urging all the States to send their 
delegates to Philadelphia, in May, 1787, to draft 
a Constitution for the United -States, to take the place 
of that Confederate League. The delegates met at 
the time appointed. Every State but Rhode Island 
was represented. George Washington was chosen 
president of the convention; and the present Consti- 
tution of the United States was then and there formed. 
There was, perhaps, no mind and no pen more ac- 
tive in framing this immortal document than the mind 
and the pen of James Madison. 

The Constitution, adopted by a vote 81 to 79, was 
to be presented to the several States for acceptance. 
But grave solicitude was felt. Should it be rejected 
we should be left but a conglomeration of independent 
States, with but little power at home and little respect 
abroad. Mr. Madison was selected by the conven- 
tion to draw up an address to the people of the United 
States, expounding the principles of the Constitution, 
and urging its adoption. There was great opposition 
to it at first, but it at length triumphed over all, and 
went into effect in 1789. 

Mr. Madison was elected to the House of Repre- 
sentatives in the first Congress, and soon became the 
avowed leader of the Republican party. While in 
New York attending Congress, he met Mrs. Todd, a 
young widow of remarkable power of fascination, 
whom he married. She was in person and character 
queenly, and probably no lady has thus far occupied 
so prominent a position in the very peculiar society 
which has constituted our republican court as Mrs. 
Madison. 

Mr. Madison served as Secretary of State under 
Jefferson, and at the close of his administration 
was chosen President. At this time the encroach- 
ments of England had brought us to the verge of war. 



British orders in council destroyed our commerce, and 
our flag was exposed to constant insult. Mr. Madison 
was a man of peace. Scholarly in his taste, retiring 
in his disposition, war had no charms for him. But the 
meekest spirit can be roused. It makes one's blood 
boil, even now, to think of an American ship brought 
to, upon the ocean, by the guns of an English cruiser. 
A young lieutenant steps on board and orders the 
crew to be paraded before him. With great nonchal- 
ance he selects any number whom he may please to 
designate as British subjects ; orders them down the 
ship's side into his boat; and places them on the gun- 
deck of his man-of-war, to fight, by compulsion, the 
battles of England. This right of search and im- 
pressment, no efforts of our Government could induce 
the British cabinet to relinquish. 

On the 1 8th of June, 1812, President Madison gave 
his approval to an act of Congress declaring war 
against Great Britain. Notwithstanding the bitter 
hostility of the Federal party to the war, the country 
in general approved; and Mr. Madison, on the 4th 
of March, 1813, was re-elected by a large majority, 
and entered upon his second term of office. This is 
not the place to describe the various adventures of 
this war on the land and on the water. Our infant 
navy then laid the foundations of its renown in grap- 
pling with the most formidable power which ever 
swept the seas. The contest commenced in earnest 
by the appearance of a British fleet, early in February, 
1813, in Chesa[>eake Bay, declaring nearly the whole 
coast of the United States under blockade. 

The Emperor of Russia offered his services as me 
dilator. America accepted ; England refused. A Brit- 
ish force of five thousand men landed on the banks 
of the Patuxet River, near its entrance into Chesa- 
peake Bay, and marched rapidly, by way of Bladens- 
burg, upon Washington. 

The straggling little city of Washington was thrown 
into consternation. The cannon of the brief conflict 
at Bladensburg echoed through the streets of the 
metropolis. The whole population fled from the city. 
The President, leaving Mrs. Madison in the White 
House, with her carriage drawn up at the door to 
await his speedy return, hurried to meet the officers 
in a council of war. He met our troops utterly routed, 
and he could not go back without danger of being 
captured. But few hours elapsed ere the Presidential 
Mansion, the Capitol, and all the public buildings in 
Washington were in flames. 

The war closed after two years of fighting, and on 
Feb. 13, 1815, the treaty of peace was sigrjed atGhent. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, his second term of 
office expired, and he resigned the Presidential chair 
to his friend, James Monroe. He retired to his beau- 
tiful home at Montpelier, and there passed the re- 
mainder of his days. On June 28, 1836, then at the 
age of 85 years, he fell asleep in death. Mrs. Madi- 
son died July 12, 1849. 



* 



FIFTH PRESIDENT. 



35 




' 




AMES MONROE, the fifth 
Presidentof The United States, 
was born in Westmoreland Co., 
Va., April 28, 1758. His early 
life was passed at the place of 
nativity. His ancestors had for 
many years resided in the prov- 
ince in which he was born. When, 
at 17 years of age, in the process 
of completing his education at 
William and Mary College, the Co- 
lonial Congress assembled at Phila- 
delphia to deliberate upon the un- 
just and manifold oppressions of 
Great Britian, declared the separa- 
tion of the Colonies, and promul- 
gated the Declaration of Indepen- 
dence. Had he been born ten years before it is highly 
probable that he would have been one of the signers 
of that celebrated instrument. At this time he left 
school and enlisted among the patriots. 

He joined the army when everything looked hope- 
less and gloomy. The number of deserters increased 
from day to day. The invading armies came pouring 
in; and the lories not only favored the cause of the 
mother country, but disheartened the new recruits, 
who were sufficiently terrified at the prospect of con- 
tending with an enemy whom they had been taught 
to deem invincible. To such brave spirits as James 
Monroe, who went right onward, undismayed through 
difficulty and danger, the United States owe their 
political emancipation. The young cadet joined the 
ranks, and espoused the cause of his injured country, 
with a firm determination to live or die with her strife 



for liberty. Firmly yet sadly he shared in the mel- 
ancholy retreat from Harleam Heights and White 
Plains, and accompanied the dispirited army as it fled 
before its foes through New Jersey. In four months 
after the Declaration of Independence, the patriots 
had been beaten in seven battles. At the battle of 
Trenton he led the vanguard, and, in the act of charg- 
ing upon the enemy he received a wound in the left 
shoulder. 

As a reward for his bravery, Mr. Monroe was pro- 
moted a captain of infantry; and, having recovered 
from his wound, he rejoined the army. He, however, 
receded from the line of promotion, by becoming an 
officer in the staff of Lord Sterling. During the cam- 
paigns of 1777 and 1778, in the actions of Brandy- 
wine, Germantown and Monmouth, he continued 
aid-de-camp; but becoming desirous to regain his 
position in the army, he exerted himself to collect a 
regiment for the Virginia line. This scheme failed 
owing to the exhausted condition of the State. Upon 
this failure he entered the office of Mr. Jefferson, at 
that period Governor, and pursued, with considerable 
ardor, the study of common law. He did not, however, 
entirely lay aside the knapsack for the green bag; 
but on the invasions of the enemy, served as a volun- 
teer, during the two years of his legal pursuits. 

In 1782, he was elected from King George county, 
a member of the Leglislature of Virginia, and by that 
body he was elevated to a seat in the Executive 
Council. He was thus honored with the confidence 
of his fellow citizens at 23 years of age ; and having 
at this early period displayed some of that ability 
and aptitude for legislation, which were afterwards 
employed with unremitting energy for the public good, 



JAMES MONROE. 



he was in the succeeding year chosen a member of 
the Congress of the United States. 

Deeplyas Mr. Monroefelt the imperfections of the old 
Confederacy, he was opposed to the new Constitution, 
thinking, with many others of the Republican party, 
that it gave too much power to the Central Government, 
and not enough to the individual States. Still he re- 
tained the esteem of his friends who were its warm 
supporters, and who, notwithstanding his opposition 
secured its adoption. In 1789, he became a member 
of the United States Senate; which office he held for 
four years. Every month the line of distinction be- 
tween the two great parties which divided the nation, 
the Federal and the Republican, was growing more 
distinct. The two prominent ideas which now sep- 
arated them were, that the Republican party was in 
sympathy with France, and also in favor of such a 
strict construction of the Constitution as to give the 
Central Government as little power, and the State 
Governments as much power, as the Constitution would 
warrant. The Federalists sympathized with England, 
and were in favor of a liberal construction of the Con- 
stitution, which would give as much power to the 
Central Government as that document could possibly 
authorize. 

The leading Federalists and Republicans were 
alike noble men, consecrating all their energies to the 
good of the nation. Two more honest men or more 
pure patriots than John Adams the Federalist, and 
James Monroe the Republican, never breathed. In 
building up this majestic nation, which is destined 
to eclipse all Grecian and Assyrian greatness, the com- 
bination of their antagonism was needed to create the 
light equilibrium. And yet each in his day was de- 
nounced as almost a demon. 

Washington was then President. England had es- 
poused the cause of the Bourbons against the princi- 
ples of the French Revolution. All Europe was drawn 
into the conflict. We were feeble and far away. 
Washington issued a proclamation of neutrality be- 
tween these contending powers. France had helped 
us in the struggle for our liberties. All the despotisms 
of Europe were now combined to prevent the French 
from escaping from a tyranny a thousand-fold worse 
than that which we had endured Col. Monroe, more 
magnanimous than prudent, was anxious that, at 
whatever hazard, we should help our old allies in 
their extremity. It was the impulse of a generous 
and noble nature. He violently opposed the Pres- 
ident's proclamation as ungrateful and wanting in 
magnanimity. 

Washington, who could appreciate such a character, 
developed his calm, serene, almost divine greatness, 
by appointing that very James Monroe, who was de- 
nouncing the policy of the Government, as the minister 
of that Government to the Republic of France. Mr. 
Monroe was welcomed by the National Convention 
in France with the most enthusiastic demonstrations. 



Shortly after his return to this country, Mr. Mon- 
roe was elected Governor of Virginia, and held the 
office for three yeais. He was again sent to France to 
co-operate with Chancellor Livingston in obtaining 
the vast territory then known as the Province of 
Louisiana, which France had but shortly before ob- 
tained from Spain. Tneir united efforts were suc- 
cessful. For the comparatively small sum of fifteen 
millions of dollars, the entire territory of Orleans and 
district of Louisiana were added to the United States. 
This was probably the largest transfer of real estate 
which was ever made in all the history of the world. 

From France Mr. Monroe went to England to ob- 
tain from that country some recognition of our" 
rights as neutrals, and to remonstrate against those 
odious impressments of our seamen. But Eng- 
land was unrelenting. He again returned to Eng- 
land on the same mission, but could receive no 
redress. He returned to his home and was again 
chosen Governor of Virginia. This he soon resigned 
to accept the position of Secretary of State under 
Madison. While in this office war with England was 
declared, the Secretary of War resigned, and during 
these trying times, the duties of the War Department 
were also put upon him. He was truly the armor- 
bearer of President Madison, and the most efficient 
business man in his cabinet. Upon the return of 
peace he resigned the Department of War, but con- 
tinued in the office of Secretary of State until the ex- 
piration of Mr. Madison's adminstration. At the elec- 
tion held the previous autumn Mr. Monroe himself had 
been chosen President with but little opposition, and 
upon March 4, 1817, was inaugurated. Four years 
later he was elected for a second term. * 

Among the important measures of his Presidency- 
were the cession of Florida to the United States ; the 
Missouri Compromise, and the " Monroe doctrine.'* 

This famous doctrine, since known as the " Monroe 
doctrine," was enunciated by him in 1823. At that 
time the United States had recognized the independ- 
ence of the South American states, and did not wish 
to have European powers longer attempting to sub- 
due portions of the American Continent. The doctrine 
is as follows: "That we should consider any attempt 
on the part of European powers to extend their sys- 
tem to any portion of this hemisphere as dangerous 
to our peace and safety," and "that we could not 
view any interposition for the pur|X>se of oppressing 
or controlling American governments or provinces in 
any other light than as a manifestation by European 
I>owers of an unfriendly disposition toward the United 
States." This doctrine immediately affected the course 
of foreign governments, and has become the approved 
sentiment of the United States. 

At the end of his second term Mr. Monroe retired 
to his home in Virginia, where he lived until 1830, 
when he went to New York to live with his son-in- 
law. In that city he died,on the 4th of July, 1831. 




V 



f 




SIXTH PRESIDENT. 



39 








OHN QUINCY ADAMS, the 
sixth President of the United 
States, was born in the rural 
home of his honored father, 
John Adams, in Quincy, Mass., 
on the 1 1 th of July, 1767. His 
mother, a woman of exalted 
worth, watched over his childhood 
during the almost constant ab- 
sence of his father. When but 
eight years of age, he stood with 
his mother on an eminence, listen- 
ing to the booming of the great bat- 
tle on Bunker's Hill, and gazing on 
upon the smoke and flames billow- 
ing up from the conflagration of 
Charlestown. 

When but eleven years old he 
took a tearful adieu of his mother, 
to sail with his father for Europe, 
through a fleet of hostile British cruisers. The bright, 
animated boy spent a year and a half in Paris, where 
his father was associated with Franklin and Lee as 
minister plenipotentiary. His intelligence attracted 
the notice of these distinguished men, and he received 
from them flattering marks of attention. 

Mr. John Adams had scarcely returned to this 
country, in 1779, ere he was again sent abroad. Again 
John Quincy accompanied his father. At Paris he 
applied himself with great diligence, for six months, 
to study; then accompained his father to Holland, 
where he entered, first a school in Amsterdam, then 
the University at Leyden. About a year from this 
time, in 1781, when the manly boy was but fourteen 
years of age, he was selected by Mr. Dana, our min- 
ister to the Russian court, as his private secretary. 

In this school of incessant labor and of enobling 
culture he spent fourteen months, and then returned 
to Holland through Sweden, Denmark, Hamburg and 
Bremen. This long journey he took alone, in the 
winter, when in his sixteenth year. Again he resumed 
his studies, under a private tutor, at Hague. Thence, 



in the spring of 1782, he accompanied his father to 
Paris, traveling leisurely, and forming acquaintance 
with the most distinguished men on the Continent; 
examining architectural remains, galleries of paintings, 
and all renowned works of art. At Paris he again 
became associated with the most illustrious men of 
all lands in the contemplations of the loftiest temporal 
themes which can engross the human mind. After 
a short visit to England he returned to Paris, and 
consecrated all his energies to study until May, 1785, 
when he returned to America. To a brilliant young 
man of eighteen, who had seen much of the world, 
and who was familiar with the etiquette of courts, a 
residence with his father in London, under such cir- 
cumstances, must have been extremely attractive; 
but with judgment very rare in one of his age, he pre- 
ferred to return to America to complete his education 
in an American college. He wished then to study 
law, that with an honorable profession, he might be 
able to obtain an independent support. 

Upon leaving Harvard College, at the age of twenty, 
he studied law for three years. In June, 1794, be- 
ing then but twenty-seven years of age, he was ap- 
pointed by Washington, resident minister at the 
Netherlands. Sailing from Boston in July, he reached 
London in October, where he was immediately admit- 
ted to the deliberations of Messrs. Jay and Pinckney, 
assisting them in negotiating a commercial treaty with 
Gieat Brilian. After thus spending a fortnight in 
London, he proceeded to the Hague. 

In July, 1797, he left the Hague to go to Portugal as 
minister plenipotentiary. On his way to Portugal, 
upon arriving in London, he met with despatches 
directing him to the court of Berlin, but requesting 
him to remain in London until he should receive his 
instructions. While waiting he was married to an 
American lady to whom he had been previously en- 
gaged, Miss Louisa Catherine Johnson, daughter 
of Mr. Joshua Johnson, American consul in London ; 
a lady endownd with that beauty and those accom- 
plishment which eminently fitted her to move in the 
elevated sphere for which she was destined. 







40 






JOHN QUINCY ADAMS. 



He reached Berlin with his wife in November, 1797 ; 
where he remained until July, 1799, when, having ful- 
filled all the purposes of his mission, he solicited his 
recall. 

Soon after his return, in 1802, he was chosen to 
the Senate of Massachusetts, from Boston, and then 
was elected Senator of the United States for six years, 
from the 4th of March, 1804. His reputation, his 
ability and his experience, placed him immediately 
among the most prominent and influential members 
of that body. Especially did he sustain the Govern- 
ment in its measures of resistance to the encroach- 
ments of England, destroying our commerce and in- 
sulting our flag. There was no man in America more 
familiar with the arrogance of the British court upon 
these points, and no one more resolved to present 
a firm resistance. 

In 1809, Madison succeeded Jefferson in the Pres- 
idential chair, and he immediately nominated John 
Quincy Adams minister to St. Petersburg. Resign- 
ing his professorship in Harvard College, he embarked 
at Boston, in August, 1809. 

While in Russia, Mr. Adams was an intense stu- 
dent. He devoted his attention to the language and 
history of Russia; to the Chinese trade; to the 
European system of weights, measures, and coins ; to 
the climate and astronomical observations; while he 
kept up a familiar acquaintance with the Greek and 
Latin classics. In all the universities of Europe, a 
more accomplished scholar could scarcely be found. 
All through life the Bible constituted an important 
part of his studies. It was his rule to read five 
chapters every day. 

On the 4th of March, 1817, Mr. Monroe took the 
Presidential chair, and immediately appointed Mr. 
Adams Secretary of State. Taking leave of his num- 
erous friends in public and private life in Europe, he 
sailed in June, 1819, for the United States. On the 
i8th of August, he again crossed the threshold of his 
home in Quincy. During the eight years of Mr. Mon- 
roe's administration, Mr. Adams continued Secretary 
of State. 

Some time before the close of Mr. Monroe's second 
term of office, new candidates began to be presented 
for the Presidency. The friends of Mr. Adams brought 
forward his name. It was an exciting campaign. 
Party spirit was never more bitter. Two hundred and 
sixty electoral votes were cast. Andrew Jackson re- 
ceived ninety nine; John Quincy Adams, eighty-four; 
William H. Crawford, forty -one; Henry Clay, thirty- 
seven. As there was no choice by the people, the 
question went to the House of Representatives. Mr. 
Clay gave the vote of Kentucky to Mr. Adams, and 
he was elected. 

The friends of all the disappointed candidates now 
combined in a venomous and persistent assault upon 
Mr. Adams. There is nothing more disgraceful in 
the past history of our country than the abuse which 



was poured in one uninterrupted stream, upon this 
high-minded, upright, patriotic man. There never was 
an administration more pure in principles, more con- 
scientiously devoted to the best interests of the coun- 
try, than that of John Quincy Adams ; and never, per- 
haps, was there an administration more unscrupu- 
lously and outrageously assailed. 

Mr. Adams was, to a very remarkable degree, ab- 
stemious and temperate in his habits; always rising 
early, and taking much exercise. When at his home in 
Quincy, he has been known to walk, before breakfast, 
seven miles to Boston. In Washington, it was said 
that he was the first man up in the city, lighting his 
own fire and applying himself to work in his library 
often long before dawn. 

On the 4th of March, 1829, Mr. Adams retired 
from the Presidency, and was succeeded by Andrew 
Jackson. John C. Calhoun was elected Vice Presi- 
dent. The slavery question now began to assume 
portentous magnitude. Mr. Adams returned to 
Quincy and to his studies, which he pursued with un- 
abated zeal. But he was not long permitted to re- 
main in retirement. In November, 1830, he was 
elected representative to Congress. For seventeen 
years, until his death, he occupied the post as repre- 
sentative, towering above all his peers, ever ready to 
do brave battle' for freedom, and winning the title of 
"the old man eloquent." Upon taking his seat in 
the House, he announced that he should hold him- 
self bound to no party. Probably there never was a 
member more devoted to his duties. He was usually 
the first in his place in the morning, and the last to 
leave his seat in the evening. Not a measure could 
be brought forward and escape his scrutiny. The 
battle which Mr. Adams fought, almost singly, against 
the proslavery party in the Government, was sublime 
in its moral daring and heroism. For persisting in 
presenting petitions for the abolition of slavery, he 
was threatened with indictment by the grand jury, 
with expulsion from the House, with assassination: 
but no threats could intimidate him, and his final 
triumph was complete. 

It has been said of President Adams, that when his 
body was bent and his hair silvered by the lapse of 
fourscore years, yielding to the simple faith of a little 
child, he was accustomed to repeat every night, before 
he slept, the prajer which his mother taught him in 
his infant years. 

On the 2istof February, 1848, he rose on the floor 
of Congress, with a paper in his hand, to address the 
speaker. Suddenly he fell, again stricken by paraly- 
sis, and was caught in the arms of .those around him. 
For a time he was senseless, as he was conveyed to 
the sofa in the rotunda. With reviving conscious- 
ness, he opened his eyes, looked calmly around and 
said " This is the end of earth /'then after a moment's 
pause he added, "I am content" These were the 
last words of the grand " Old Man Eloquent." 




' 



* 



ffc 



_;, y"" "_^ _"_ 

SEVENTH PRESIDENT. 





NDREW JACKSON, the 
seventh President of the 
United States, was born in 
VVaxhaw settlement, N. 0., 
March 15, 1767, a few days 
after his father's death. His 
parents were poor emigrants 
from Ireland, and took up 
their abode in Waxhaw set- 
tlement, where they lived in 
deepest poverty. 
Andrew, or Andy, as he was 
universally called, grew up a very 
rough, rude, turbulent boy. His 
features were coarse, his form un- 
gainly; and there was but very 
little in his character, made visible, which was at- 
tractive. 

When only thirteen years old he joined the volun- 
teers of Carolina against the British invasion. In 
1781, he and his brother Robert were captured and 
imprisoned for a time at Camden. A British officer 
ordered him to brush his mud-spattered boots. " I am 
a prisoner of war, not your servant," was the reply of 
the dauntless boy. 

The brute drew his sword, and aimed a desperate 
blow at the head of the helpless young prisoner. 
Andrew raised his hand, and thus received two fear- 
ful gashes, one on. the hand and the other upon the 
head. The officer then turned to his brother Robert 
with the same demand. He also refused, and re- 
ceived a blow from the keen-edged sabre, which quite 
diiabled him, and which probably soon after caused 
his death. They suffered much other ill-treatment, and 
were finally stricken with the small-pox. Their 
mother was successful in obtaining their exchange, 



and took her sick boys home. After a long illness 
Andrew recovered, and the death of his mother soon 
left him entirely friendless. 

Andrew supported himself in various ways, such as 
working at the saddler's trade, teaching school and 
clerking in a general store, until 1784, when he 
entered a law office at Salisbury, N. C. He, however, 
gave more attention to the wild amusements of the 
times than to his studies. In 1788, he was appointed 
solicitor for the western district of North Carolina, of 
which Tennessee was then a part. This involved 
many long and tedious journeys amid dangers of 
every kind, but Andrew Jackson never knew fear, 
and the Indians had no desire to repeat a skirmish 
with the Sharp Knife. 

In 1791, Mr. Jackson was married to a woman who 
supposed herself divorced from her former husband. 
Great was the surprise of both parties, two years later, 
to find that the conditions of the divorce had just been 
definitely settled by the first husband. The marriage 
ceremony was performed a second time, but the occur- 
rence was often used by his enemies to bring Mr. 
Jackson into disfavor. 

During these years he worked hard at his profes- 
sion, and frequently had one or more duels on hand, 
one of which, when he killed Dickenson, was espec- 
ially disgraceful. 

In January, 1796, the Territory of Tennessee then 
containing nearly eighty thousand inhabitants, the 
people met in convention at Knoxville to frame a con- 
stitution. Five were sent from, each of the eleven 
counties. Andrew Jackson was one of the delegates. 
The new State was entitled to but one member in 
the National House of Representatives. Andrew Jack- 
son was chosen that member. Mounting his horse he 
rode to Philedelphia, where Congress then held its 



44 



ANDRE W JACKSON. 



1 



sessions, a distance of about eight hundred miles. 

Jackson was an earnest advocate of the Demo- 
cratic party. Jefferson was his idol. He admired 
Bonaparte, loved France and hated England. As Mr. 
Jackson took his seat, Gen. Washington, whose 
second term of office was then expiring, delivered his 
last speech to Congress. A committee drew up a 
complimentary address in reply. Andrew Jackson 
did not approve of the address, and was one of the 
twelve who voted against it. He was not willing to 
say that Gen. Washington's adminstration had been 
" wise, firm and patriotic." 

Mr. Jackson was elected to the United States 
Senate in 1797, but soon resigned and returned home. 
Soon after lie was chosen Judge of the Supreme Court 
of his State, which position he held for six years. 

When the war of 1812 with Great Britian com- 
menced, Madison occupied the Presidential chair. 
Aaron Burr sent word to the President that there was 
an unknown man in the West, Andrew Jackson, who 
would do credit to a commission if one were con- 
ferred upon him. Just at that time Gen. Jackson 
offered his services and those of twenty-five hundred 
volunteers. His offer was accepted, and the troops 
were assembled at Nashville. 

As the British were hourly expected to make an at- 
tack upon New Orleans, where Gen. Wilkinson was 
in command, he was ordered to descend the river 
with fifteen hundred troops to aid Wilkinson. The 
expedition reached Natchez; and after a delay of sev- 
eral weeks there, without accomplishing anything, 
the men were ordered back to their homes. But the 
energy Gen. Jackson had displayed, and his entire 
devotion to the comrfort of his soldiers, won him 
golden opinions ; and he became the most popular 
man in the State. It was in this expedition that his 
toughness gave him the nickname of " Old Hickory." 

Soon after this, while attempting to horsewhip Col. 
Thomas H. Benton, for a remark that gentleman 
made about his taking a part as second in a. duel, in 
which a younger brother of Ben ton's was engaged, 
he received two severe pistol wounds. While he was 
lingering u[)on a bed of suffering news came that the 
Indians, who had combined under Tecumseh from 
Florida to the Lakes, to exterminate the white set- 
tlers, were committing the most awful ravages. De- 
cisive action became necessary. Gen. Jackson, with 
his fractured bone just beginning to heal, his arm in 
a sling, and unable to mount his horse without assis- 
tance, gave his amazing energies to the raising of an 
army to rendezvous at Fayettesville, Alabama. 

The Creek Indians had established a strong fort on 
one of the bendsof the Tallapoosa River, near the cen- 
ter of Alabama, about fifty miles below Fort Strother. 
With an army of two thousand men, Gen. Jackson 
traversed the pathless wilderness in a march of eleven 
days. He reached their fort, called Tohopeka or 
Horse-shoe, on the 27th of March. 1814. The bend 



of the river enclosed nearly one hundred acres of 
tangled forest and wild ravine. Across the narrow 
neck the Indians had constructed a formidable breast- 
work of logs and brush. Here nine hundred warriors, 
with an ample suplyof arms were assembled. 

The fort was stormed. The fight was utterly des- 
perate. Not an Indian would accept of quarter. When 
bleeding and dying, they would fight those who en- 
deavored to spare their lives. From ten in the morn- 
ing until dark, the battle raged. The carnage was 
awful and revolting. Some threw themselves into the 
river; but the unerring bullet struck their heads as 
they swam. Nearly everyone of the nine hundred war- 
rios were killed A few probably, in the night, swam 
the river and escaped. This ended the war. The 
[XDwer of the Creeks was broken forever. This bold 
plunge into the wilderness, with its terriffic slaughter, 
so appalled the savages, that the haggard remnants 
of the bands came to the camp, begging for peace. 

This closing of the Creek war enabled us to con- 
centrate all our militia upon the British, who were the 
allies of the Indians No man of less resolute will 
than Gen. Jackson could have conducted this Indian 
campaign to so successful an issue Immediately he 
was appointed major-general. 

Late in August, with an army of two thousand 
men, on a rushing march, Gen. Jackson came to " 
Mobile. A British fleet came from Pensacola, landed J 
a force upon the beach, anchored near the little fort, 
and from both ship and shore commenced a furious 
assault The battle was long and doubtful. At length 
one of the ships was blown up and the rest retired. 

Garrisoning Mobile, where he had taken his little 
army, he moved his troops to New Orleans, 
And the battle of New Orleans which soon ensued, 
was in reality a very arduous campaign. This won 
for Gen. Jackson an imperishable name. Here his 
troops, which numbered about four thousand men, 
won a signal victory over the British army of about 
nine thousand. His loss was but thirteen, while the 
loss of the British was two thousand six hundred. 

The name of Gen. Jackson soon began to be men- 
tioned in connection with the Presidency, but, in 1824, 
he was defeated by Mr. Adams. He was, however, 
successful in the election of 1828, and was re-elected 
for a second term in 1832. In 1829, just before he 
assumed the reins of the government, he met with 
the most terrible affliction of his life in the death of 
his wife, whom he had loved with a devotion which has 
perhaps never been surpassed. From the shock of 
her death he never recovered. 

His administration was one of the most memorable 
in the annals of our country; applauded by one party, 
condemned by the other. No man had more bitter 
enemies or warmer friends. At the expiration of his 
two terms of office he retired to the Hermitage, where 
he died June 8, 1845. The last years of Mr. Jack- 
son's life wete that of a devoted Christian man. 







f > 



EIGHTH PRESIDENT. 



47 




: 







ARTIN VAN BUREN, the 
eighth President of the 
United States, was born at 
Kinderhook, N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1782. He died at the same 
place, July 24, 1862. His 
body rests in the cemetery 
at Kinderhook. Above it is 
plain granite shaft fifteen feet 
high, bearing a simple inscription 
about half way up on one face. 
The lot is unfenced, unbordered 
or unbounded by shrub or flower. 

There is but little in the life of Martin Van Buren 
of romantic interest. He fought no battles, engaged 
in no wild adventures. Though his life was stormy in 
political and intellectual conflicts, and he gained many 
signal victories, his days passed uneventful in those 
incidents which give zest to biography. His an- 
cestors, as his name indicates, were of Dutch origin, 
and were among the earliest emigrants from Holland 
to the banks of the Hudson. His father was a farmer, 
residing in the old town of Kinderhook. His mother, 
also of Dutch lineage, was a woman of superior intel- 
ligence and exemplary piety. 

He was decidedly a precocious boy, developing un- 
usual activity, vigor and strength of mind. At the 
age of fourteen, he had finished his academic studies 
in his native village, and commenced the study of 
law. As he had not a collegiate education, seven 
years of study in a law-office were required of him 
before he could be admitted to the bar. Inspired with 
a lofty ambition, and conscious of his powers, he pur- 
sued his studies with indefatigable industry. After 
spending six years in an office in his native village, 



he went to the city of New York, and prosecuted his 
studies for the seventh year. 

In 1803, Mr. Van Buren, then twenty-one years of 
age, commenced the practice of law in his native vil- 
lage. The great conflict between the Federal and 
Republican party was then at its height. Mr. Van 
Buren was from the beginning a politician. He had, 
perhaps, imbibed that spirit while listening to the 
many discussions which had been carried on in his 
father's hotel. He was in cordial sympathy with 
Jefferson, and earnestly and eloquently espoused the 
cause of State Rights ; though at that time the Fed- 
eral party held the supremacy both in his town 
and State. 

His success and increasing ruputation led him, 
after six years of practice, to remove to Hudson, the 
county seat of his county. Here he spent seven years, 
constantly gaining strength by contending in the 
courts with some of the ablest men who have adorned 
the bar of his State. 

Just before leaving Kinderhook for Hudson, Mr. 
Van Buren married a lady alike distinguished for 
beauty and accomplishments. After twelve short 
years she sank into the grave, the victim of consump- 
tion, leaving her husband and four sons to weep over 
her loss. For twenty-five years, Mr. Van Buren was 
an earnest, successful, assiduous lawyer. The record 
of those years is barren in items of public interest. 
In 1812, when thirty years of age, he was chosen to 
the State Senate, and gave his strenuous support to 
Mr. Madison's adminstration. In 1815, he was ap- 
pointed Attorney-General, and the next year moved 
to Albany, the capital of the State. 

While he was acknowledged as one of the most 
prominent leaders of the Democratic party, he had 



4 8 



MARTIN VAN BUREN. 






the moral courage to avow that true democracy did 
not require that " universal suffrage " which admits 
the vile, the degraded, the ignorant, to the right of 
governing the State. In true consistency with his 
democratic principles, he contended that, while the 
path leading to the privilege of voting should be open 
to every man without distinction, no one should be 
invested with that sacred prerogative, unless he were 
in some degree qualified for it by intelligence, virtue 
and some property interests in the welfare of the 
State. 

In 1821 he was elected a member of the United 
States Senate; and in the same year, he took a seat 
in the convention to revise the constitution of his 
native State. His course in this convention secured 
the approval of men of all parties. No one could 
doubt the singleness of his endeavors to promote the 
interests of all classes in the community. In the 
Senate of the United States, he rose at once to a 
conspicuous position as an active and useful legislator. 

In 1827, John Quincy Adams being then in the 
Presidential chair, Mr. Van Buren was re-elected to 
the Senate. He had been from the beginning a de- 
termined opposer of the Administration, adopting the 
"State Rights" view in opposition to what was 
deemed the Federal proclivities of Mr. Adams. 

Soon after this, in 1828, he was chosen Governorof 
the State of New York, and accordingly resigned his 
seat in the Senate. Probably no one in the United 
States contributed so much towards ejecting John Q. 
Adams from the Presidential chair, and placing in it 
Andrew Jackson, as did Martin Van Buren. Whether 
entitled to the reputation or not, he certainly was re- 
garded throughout the United States as one of the 
most skillful, sagacious and cunning of politicians. 
It was supposed that no one knew so well as he how 
to touch the secret springs of action; how to pull all 
the wires to put his machinery in motion ; and how to 
organize a political army which would, secretly and 
stealthily accomplish the most gigantic results. By 
these powers it is said that he outwitted Mr. Adams, 
Mr. Clay, Mr. Webster, and secured results which 
few thought then could be accomplished. 

When Andrew Jackson was elected President he 
appointed Mr. Van Buren Secretary of State. This 
position he resigned in 1831, and was immediately 
appointed Minister to England, where he went the 
same autumn. The Senate, however, when it met, 
refused to ratify the nomination, and he returned 



home, apparently untroubled ; was nominated Vice 
President in the place of Calhoun, at the re-election 
of President Jackson; and with smiles for all and 
frowns for none, he took his place at the head of that 
Senate which had refused to confirm his nomination 
as ambassador. 

His rejection by the Senate roused all the zeal of 
President Jackson in behalf of his repudiated favor- 
ite ; and this, probably more than any other cause, 
secured his elevation to the chair of the Chief Execu- 
tive. On the 2oth of May, 1836, Mr. Van Buren re- 
ceived the Democratic nomination to succeed Gen. 
Jackson as President of the United States. He was 
elected by a handsome majority, to the delight of the 
retiring President. " Leaving New York out of the 
canvass," says Mr. Parton, "the election of Mr. Van 
Buren to the Presidency was as much the act of Gen. 
Jackson as though the Constitution had conferred 
upon him the power to appoint a successor." 

His administration was filled with exciting events. 
The insurrection in Canada, which threatened to in- 
volve this country in war with England, the agitation 
of the slavery question, and finally the great commer- 
cial panic which spread over the country, all were 
trials to his wisdom. The financial distress was at- 
tributed to the management of the Democratic party, 
and brought the President into such disfavor that he 
failed of re-election. 

With the exception of being nominated for the 
Presidency by the "Free Soil" Democrats, in 1848, 
Mr. Van Buren lived quietly upon his estate until 
his death. 

He had ever been a prudent man, of frugal habits, 
and living within his income, had now fortunately a 
competence for his declining years. His unblemished 
character, his commanding abilities, his unquestioned 
patriotism, and the distinguished positions which he 
had occupied in the government of our country, se- 
cured to him not only the homage of his party, but 
the respect ot the whole community. It was on the 
4th of March, 1841, that Mr. Van Buren retired from 
the presidency. From his fine estate at Lindenwald 
he still exerted a powerful influence upon the politics 
of the country. From this time until his death, on 
the 24th of July, 1862, at the age of eighty years, he 
resided at Lindenwald, a gentleman of leisure, of 
culture and of wealth; enjoying in a healthy old 
age, probably far more happiness than he had before 
experienced amid the stormy scenes of his active life. 






Jttel II i 



NINTH PRESIDENT. 








WILL14M 

4t 









ILLIAM HENRY HARRI- 
SON, the ninth President of 
the United States, was born 
at Berkeley, Va., Feb. 9, 1773. 
His father, Benjamin Harri- 
son, was in comparatively op- 
ulent circumstances, and was 
one of the most distinguished 
men of his day. He was an 
intimate friend of George 
Washington, was early elected 
a member of the Continental 
Congress, and was conspicuous 
among the patriots of Virginia in 
resisting the encroachments of the 
British crown. In the celebrated 
Congress of 1775, Benjamin Har- 
rison and John Hancock were 
both candidates for the office of 
speaker. 

Mr Harrison was subsequently 
chosen Governor of Virginia, and 
was twice re-elected. His son, 
! William Henry, of course enjoyed 

in childhood all the advantages which wealth and 
intellectual and cultivated society could give. Hav- 
ing received a thorough common-school education, he 
entered Hampden Sidney College, where he graduated 
with honor soon after the death of his father. He 
then repaired to Philadelphia to study medicine under 
the instructions of Dr. Rush and the guardianship of 
Robert Morris, both of whom were, with his father, 
signers of the Declaration of Independence. 

Upon the outbreak of the Indian troubles, and not- 
withstanding the remonstrances of his friends, he 
abandoned his medical studies and entered the army, 
having obtained a commission of Ensign from Presi- 




dent Washington. He was then but 19 years old. 
From that time he passed gradually upward in rank 
until he became aid to General Wayne, after whose 
death he resigned his commission. He was then ap- 
pointed Secretary of the North-western Territory. This 
Territory was then entitled to but one member in 
Congress and Capt. Harrison was chosen to fill that 
position. 

In the spring of 1800 the North-western Territory 
was divided by Congress into two portions. The 
eastern portion, comprising the region now embraced 
in the State of Ohio, was called '' The Territory 
north-west of the Ohio." The western portion, which 
included what is now called Indiana, Illinois and 
Wisconsin, was called the "Indiana Territory." Wil- 
liam Henry Harrison, then 27 years of age, was ap- 
pointed by John Adams, Governor of the Indiana 
Territory, and immediately after, also Governor of 
Upper Louisiana. He was thus ruler over almost as 
extensive a realm as any sovereign upon the globe. He 
was Superintendent of Indian Affairs, and was in- 
vested with powers nearly dictatorial over the now 
rapidly increasing white population. The ability and 
fidelity with which he discharged these responsible 
duties may be inferred from the fact that he was four 
times appointed to this office first by John Adams, 
twice by Thomas Jefferson and afterwards by Presi- 
dent Madison. 

When he began his adminstration there were but 
three white settlements in that almost boundless region, 
now crowded with cities and resounding with all the 
tumult of wealth and traffic. Oneof these settlements 
was on the Ohio, nearly opposite Louisville; one at 
Vincennes, on the Wabash, and the third a French 
settlement. 

The vast wilderness over which Gov. Harrison 
reigned was filled with many tribes of Indians. About 



f > 



5- 



WILLIAM HENRY HARRISON. 



the year 1806, two extraordinary men, twin brothers, 
of the Shawnese tribe, rose among them. One of 
these was called Tecumseh, or " The Crouching 
Panther;" the other, Olliwacheca, or "The Prophet." 
Tecumseh was not only an Indian warrior, but a man 
(if great sagacity, far-reaching foresight and indomit- 
able perseverance in any enterprise in which he might 
engage. He was inspired with the highest enthusiasm, 
and had long regarded with dread and with hatred 
the encroachment of the whites upon the hunting- 
grounds of his fathers. His brother, the Prophet, was 
an orator, who could sway the feelings of the untutored 
Indian as the gale tossed the tree-tops beneath which 
they dwelt. 

But the Prophet was not merely an orator : he was, 
in the superstitious minds of the Indians, invested 
with the superhuman dignity of a medicine-man or a 
magician. With an enthusiasm unsurpassed by Peter 
the Hermit rousing Europe to the crusades, he went 
from tribe to tribe, assuming that he was specially sent 
by the Great Spirit. 

Gov. Harrison made many attempts to conciliate 
the Indians, but at last the war came, and at Tippe- 
canoe the Indians were routed with great slaughter. 
October 28, 1812, his army began its inarch. When 
near the Prophet's town three Indians of rank made 
their appearance and inquired why Gov. Harrison was 
approaching them in so hostile an attitude. After a 
short conference, arrangements were made fora meet- 
ing the next day, to agree upon terms of peace. 

But Gov. Harrison was too well acquainted with 
the Indian character to be deceived by such protes- 
tations. Selecting a favorable spot for his night's en- 
campment, he took every precaution against surprise. 
His troops were posted in a hollow square, and slept 
upon their arms. 

The troops threw themselves upon the ground for 
rest; but every man had his accourtrements on, his 
loaded musket by his side, and his bayonet fixed. The 
wakeful Governor, between three and four o'clock in 
the morning, had risen, and was sitting in conversa- 
tion with his aids by the embers of a waning fire. It 
was a chill, cloudy morning with a drizzling rain. In 
the darkness, the Indians had crept as near as possi- 
ble, and just then, with a savage yell, rushed, with all 
the desperation which superstition and passion most 
highly inflamed could give, upon the left flank of the 
little army. The savages had been amply provided 
with guns and ammunition by the English. Their 
war-whoop was accompained by a shower of bullets. 

The camp-tires were instantly extinguished, as the 
light aided the Indians in their aim. With hide- 
ous yells, the Indian bands rushed on, not doubting a 
speedy and an entire victory. But Gen. Harrison's 
troops stood as immovable as the rocks around them 
until day dawned : they then made a simultaneous 
charge with the bayonet, and swept every thing be- 
fore them, and completely routing the foe. 



Gov. Harrison now had all his energies tasked 
to the utmost. The British descending from the Can - 
adas, were of themselves a very formidable force ; but 
with their savage allies, rushing like wolves from the 
forest, searching out every remote farm-house, burn- 
ing, plundering, scalping, torturing, the wide frontier 
was plunged into a state of consternation which even 
the most vivid imagination can but faintly conceive. 
The war-whoop was resounding everywhere in the 
forest. The horizon was illuminated with the conflagra- 
tion of the cabins of the settlers. Gen Hull had made 
the ignominious surrender of his forces at Detroit. 
Under these despairing circumstances, Gov. Harrison 
was appointed by President Madison commander-in- 
chief of the North-western army, with orders to retake 
Detroit, and to protect the frontiers. 

It would be difficult to place a man in a situation 
demanding more energy, sagacity and courage; but 
General Harrison was found equal to the position, 
and nobly and triumphantly did he meet all the re- 
sponsibilities. 

He won the love of his soldiers by always sharing 
with them their fatigue. His whole baggage, while 
pursuing the foe up the Thames, was carried in a 
valise; and his bedding consisted of a single blanket 
lashed over his saddle. Thirty-five British officers, 
his prisoners of war, supped with him after the battle. 
The only fare he could give them was beef roasted 

before the (ire. without bread or salt. 

t 

In 1816, Gen. Harrison was chosen a member ofi j 
the National House of Representatives, to represent I 
the District of Ohio. In Congress he proved anj 
active member; and whenever he spoke, it was with 
force of reason and power of eloquence, which arrested 
the attention of all the members. 

In 1819, Harrison was elected to the Senate of 
Ohio; and in 1824, as one of the presidential electors 
of that State, he gave his vote for Henry Clay. The 
same year he was chosen to the United States Senate. 

In 1836, the friends of Gen. Harrison brought him 
forward as a candidate for the Presidency against 
Van Buren, but he was defeated. At the close of 
Mr. Van Buren's term, he was re -nominated by his 
party, and Mr. Harrison was unanimously nominated 
by the Whigs, with John Tyler for the Vice Presidency. 
The contest was very animated. Gen Jackson gave 
all his influence to prevent Harrison's election ; but 
his triumph was signal. 

The cabinet which he formed, with Daniel Webster 
at its head as Secretary of State, was one of the most 
brilliant with which any President had ever been 
surrounded. Never were the prospects of an admin- 
istration more flattering, or the hopes of the country 
more sanguine. In the midst of these bright and 
joyous prospects, Gen. Harrison was seized by a 
pleurisy-fever and after a few days of violent sick- 
ness, died on the 4th of April; just one month after 
his inauguration as President of the United States. 



ry. 

TENTH PRESIDENT. 



55 





OHN TYLER, the tenth 
Presidentof the United States. 
He was born in Charles-city 
Co., Va., March 29, 1790. He 
was the favored child of af- 
fluence and high social po- 
sition. At the early age of 
twelve, John entered William 
and Mary College and grad- 
uated with much honor when 
but seventeen years old. After 
graduating, he devoted him- 
self with, great assiduity to the 
study of law, partly with his 
father and partly with Edmund 
Randolph, one of the most distin- 
guished lawyers of Virginia. 

At nineteen years of age, lie 
commenced the practice of law. 
His success was rapid and aston- 
ishing. It is said that three 
months had not elapsed ere there 
was scarcely a case on the dock- 
et of the court in which he was 
not retained. When but twenty-one years of age, he 
was almost unanimously elected to a seat in the State 
Legislature. He connected himself with the Demo- 
cratic party, and warmly advocated the measures of 
Jefferson and Madison. For five successive years he 
was elected to the Legislature, receiving nearly the 
unanimous vote or his county. 

When but twenty-six yeais of age, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Here he acted earnestly and 
ably with the Democratic party, opposing a national 
bank, internal improvements by the General Govern- 



ment, a protective tariff, and advocating a strict con- 
struction of the Constitution, and the most careful 
vigilance over State rights. His labors in Congress 
were so arduous that before the close of his second 
term he found it necessary to resign and retire to his 
estate in Charles-city Co., to recruit his health. He, 
however, soon after consented to take his seat in the 
State Legislature, where his influence was powerful 
in promoting public works of great utility. With a 
reputation thus canstantly increasing, he was chosen 
by a very large majority of votes, Governor of his 
native State. His administration was signally a suc- 
cessful one. His popularity secured his re-election. 

John Randolph, a brilliant, erratic, half-crazed 
man, then represented Virginia in the Senate of the 
United States. A portion of the Democratic party 
was displeased with Mr. Randolph's wayward course, 
and brought forward John Tyler as his opponent, 
considering him the only man in Virginia of sufficient 
popularity to succeed against the renowned orator of 
Roanoke. Mr. Tyler was the victor. 

In accordance with his professions, upon taking his 
seat in the Senate, he joined the ranks of the opposi- 
tion. He opposed the tariff; he spoke against and 
voted against the bank as unconstitutional ; he stren- 
uously opposed all restrictions upon slavery, resist- 
ing all projects of internal improvements by the Gen- 
eral Government, and avowed his sympathy with Mr. 
Calhoun's view of nullification ; he declared that Gen. 
Jackson, by his opposition to the nullifiers, had 
abandoned the principles of the Democratic party. 
Such was Mr. Tyler's record in Congress,- a record 
in perfect accordance with the principles which he 
had always avowed. 

Returning to Virginia, he resumed the practice of 
his profession. There was a split in the Democratic 



4 t 



JOHN TYLER. 



party. His friends still regarded him as a true Jef- 
fersonian, gave him a dinner, and showered compli- 
ments upon him. He had now attained the age of 
forty-six. His career had been very brilliant. In con- 
sequence of his devotion to public business, his pri- 
vate affairs had fallen into some disorder; audit was 
not without satisfaction that he resumed the practice 
of law, and devoted himself to the culture of his plan- 
tation. Soon after this he removed to Williamsburg, 
for the better education of his children ; and he again 
took his seat in the Legislature of Virginia. 

By the Southern Whigs, he was sent to the national 
convention at Harrisburg to nominate a President in 
1839. The majority of votes were given to Gen. Har- 
rison, a genuine Whig, much to the disappointment of 
the South, who wished for Henry Clay. To concili- 
ate the Southern Whigs and to secure their vote, the 
convention then nominated John Tyler f or Vice Pres- 
ident. It was well known that he was not in sympa- 
thy with the Whig party in the Noith : but the Vice 
President has but very little power in the Govern- 
ment, his main and almost only duty being to pre- 
side over the meetings of the Senate. Thus it hap- 
f pened that a Whig President, and, in reality, a 
Democratic Vice President were chosen. 

In 1841, Mr. Tyler was inaugurated Vice Presi- 
dent of the United States. In one short month from 
that time, President Harrison died, and Mr. Tyler 
thus found himself, to his own surprise and that of 
the whole Nation, an occupant of the Presidential 
chair. This was a new test of the stability of our 
institutions, as it was the first time in the history of our 
country that such an event had occured. Mr. Tyler 
was at home in Williamsburg when he received the 
unexpected tidings of the death of President Harri- 
son. He hastened to Washington, and on the 6th of 
April was inaugurated to the high and responsible 
office. He was placed in a position of exceeding 
delicacy and difficulty. All his longlife he had been 
opposed to the main principles of the party which had 
brought him into power. He had ever been a con- 
sistent, honest man, with an unblemished record. 
Gen. Harrison had selected a Whig cabinet. Should 
he retain them, and thus surround himself with coun- 
sellors whose views were antagonistic to his own? or, 
on the other hand, should he turn against the party 
which had elected him and select a cabinet in har- 
mony with himself, and which would oppose all those 
views which the Whigs deemed essential to the pub- 
lic welfare? This was his fearful dilemma. He in- 
vited the cabinet which President Harrison had 
selected to retain their seats. He reccomiTK'nded a 
day of fasting and prayer, that God would guide and 
bless us. 

The Whigs carried through Congress a bill for the 
incorporation of a fiscal bank of the United States. 
The President, after ten days' delay, returned it with 
his veto. He suggested, however, that he would 



approve of a bill drawn up upon such a plan as he 
proposed. Such a bill was accordingly prepared, and 
privately submitted to him. He gave it his approval. 
It was passed without alteration, and he sent it back 
with his veto. Here commenced the open rupture. 
It is said that Mr. Tyler was provoked to this meas- 
ure by a published letter from the Hon. John M. 
Botts, a distinguished Virginia Whig, who severely 
touched the pride of the President. 

The opposition now exultingly received the Presi- 
dent into their arms. The party which elected him 
denounced him bitterly. All the members of his 
cabinet, excepting Mr. Webster, resigned. The Whigs 
of Congress, both the Senate and the House, held a 
meeting and issued an address to the people of the 
United States, proclaiming that all political alliance 
between the Whigs and President Tyler were at 
an end. 

Still the President attempted to conciliate. He 
appointed a new cabinet of distinguished Whigs and 
Conservatives, carefully leaving out all strong party 
men. Mr. Webster soon found it necessary to resign, 
forced out by the pressure of his Whig friends. Thus 
the four years of Mr. Tyler's unfortunate administra- 
tion passed sadly away. No one was satisfied. The ' 
land was filled with murmurs and vituperation. Whigs 
and Democrats alike assailed him. More and more, 
however, he brought himself into sympathy with his \ 
old friends, the Democrats, until at the close of his term, 
he gave his whole influence to the support of Mr. 
Polk, the Democratic candidate for his successor. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, he retired from the 
harassments of office, tothe regret of neither party, and 
probably to his own unspeakable iclief. His first wife, 
Miss Letitia Christian, died in Washington, in 1842; 
and in June, r844, President Tyler was again married, 
at New York, to Miss Julia Gardiner, a young lady of 
many personal and intellectual accomplishments. 

The remainder of his days Mr. Tyler passed mainly 
in retirement at his beautiful home, Sherwood For- 
est, Charles-city Co., Va. A polished gentleman in 
his manners, richly furnished with information from 
books and experience in the world, and possessing 
brilliant powers of conversation, his family circle was 
the scene of unusual attractions. With sufficient 
means for the exercise of a generous hospitality, he 
might have enjoyed a serene old age with the few 
friends who gathered around him, were it not for the 
storms of civil war which his own principles and 
policy had helped to introduce. 

When the great Rebellion rose, which the State- 
rights and nullifying doctrines of Mr. John C. Cal- 
houn had inaugurated, President Tyler renounced his 
allegiance to the United States, and joined the Confed- 
erates. He was chosen a member of their Congress; 
and while engaged in active measures to deslroy, by 
force of arms, the Government over which he had 
once presided, he was taken sick and soon died. 



tit 



EB 




y 







ELEVENTH PRESIDENT. 



59 





AMES K. POLK, the eleventh 
President of the United States, 
was born in Mecklenburg Co., 
N. C., Nov. 2, 1795. His par- 
ents were Samuel and Jane 
(Knox) Polk, the former a son 

of Col. Thomas Polk, who located 

at the above place, as one of the 

first pioneers, in 1735. 

In the year 1806, with his wife 

and children, ar.d soon after fol- 






lowed by most of the members of 
the Polk farnly, Samuel Polk emi- 
grated some two or three hundred 
miles farther west, to the rich valley 
of the Duck River. Here in the 
midst of the wilderness, in a region 
which was subsequently called Mau- 
ry Co., they reared their log huts, 
and established their homes. In the 
hard toil of a new farm in the wil- 
derness, James K. Polk spent the 
early years of his childhood and 
youth. His father, adding the pur- 
suit of a surveyor to that of a farmer, 
gradually increased in wealth until 
he became one of the leading men of the region. His 
mother was a superior woman, of strong common 
sense and earnest piety. 

Very early in life, James developed a taste for 
reading and expressed the strongest desire to obtain 
a liberal education. His mother's training had made 
him methodical in his habits, had taught him punct- 
uality and industry, and had inspired him with lofty 
principles of morality. His health was frail ; and his 
father, fearing that he might not be able to endure a 



sedentary life, got a situation for him behind the_ 
counter, hoping to fit him for commercial pursuits. 

This was to James a bitter disappointment. He 
had no taste for these duties, and his daily tasks 
were irksome in the extreme. He remained in this 
uncongenial occupation but a few weeks, when at his 
earnest solicitation his father removed him, and made 
arrangements for him to prosecute his studies. Soon 
after he sent him to Murfreesboro Academy. With 
ardor which could scarcely be surpassed, he pressed - 
forward in his studies, and in less than two and a half 
years, in the autumn of 1815, entered the sophomore 
class in the University of North Carolina, at Chapel 
Hill. Here he was one of the most exemplary of 
scholars, punctual in every exercise, never allowing 
himself to be absent from a recitation or a religious 
service. 

He graduated in 1818, with the highest honors, be- 
ing deemed the best scholar of his class, both in 
mathematics and the classics. He was then twenty- 
three years of age. Mr. Folk's health was at this 
time much impaired by the assiduity with which he 
had prosecuted his studies. After a short season of 
relaxation he went to Nashville, and entered the 
office of Felix Grundy, to study law. Here Mr. Polk 
renewed his acquaintance with Andrew Jackson, who 
resided on his plantation, the Hermitage, but a few 
miles from Nashville. They had probably been 
slightly acquainted before. 

Mr. Folk's father was a JefTersonian Republican, 
and James K. Polk ever adhered to the same politi- 
cal faith. He was a popular public speaker, and was 
constantly called upon to address the meetings of his 
party friends. His skill as a speaker was such that 
he was popularly called the Napoleon of the stump. 
He was a man of unblemished morals, genial and 



JAMES K. POLK. 




courteous in his bearing, and with that sympathetic 
nature in the jo> s and griefs of others which ever gave 
him troops of friends. In 1823, Mr. Polk was elected 
to the Legislature of Tennessee. Here he gave his 
strong influence towards the election of his friend, 
Mr. Jackson, to the Presidency of the United States. 

In January, 1824, Mr. Polk married Miss Sarah 
Childress, of Rutherford Co., Tenn. His bride was 
altogether worthy of him, a lady of beauty and cul- 
ture. In the fall of 1825, Mr. Polk was chosen a 
member of Congress. The satisfaction which he gave 
to his constituents may be inferred from the fact, that 
for fourteen successive years, until 1839, he was con- 
tinued in that office. He then voluntarily withdrew, 
only that he might accept the Gubernatorial chair 
of Tennessee. In Congress he was a laborious 
member, a frequent and a popular speaker. He was 
always in his seat, always courteous; and whenever 
he spoke it was always to the point, and without any 
ambitious rhetorical display. 

During five sessions of Congress, Mr. Polk was 
Speaker of the House Strong passions were roused, 
and stormy scenes were witnessed ; but Mr. Polk per- 
formed his arduous duties to a very general satisfac- 
tion, and a unanimous vote of thanks to him was 
passed by the House as he withdrew on the 4th of 
March, 1839. 

In accordance with Southern usage, Mr. Polk, as a 
candidate for Governor, canvasse'd the State. He was 
elected by a large majority, and on the 141)1 of Octo- 
ber, 1839, took the oath of office at Nashville. In 1841, 
his term of office expired, and he was again the can- 
didate of the Democratic party, but was defeated. 

On the 4th of March, 1845, Mr. Polk was inaugur- 
ated President of the United States. The verdict of 
the countryin favor of the annexation of Texas, exerted 
its influence upon Congress ; and the last act of the 
administration of President Tyler was to affix his sig- 
nature to a joint resolution of Congress, passed on the 
3d of March, approving of the annexation of Texas to 
the American Union. As Mexico still claimed Texas 
as one of her provinces, the Mexican minister, 
Almonte, immediately demanded his passports and 
left the country, declaring the act of the annexation 
to be an act hostile to Mexico. 

In his first message, President Polk urged that 
Texas should immediately, by act of Congress, be re- 
ceived into the Union on the same footing with the 
other States. In the meantime, Gen. Taylor was sent 



with an army into Texas to hold the country. He was 
sent first to Nueces, which the Mexicans said was the 
western boundary of Texas. Then he was sent nearly 
two hundred miles further west, to the Rio Grande, 
where he erected batteries which commanded the 
Mexican city of Matamoras, which was situated on 
the western banks. 

The anticipated collision soon took place, and war 
was declared against Mexico by President Polk. The 
war was pushed forward by Mr. Polk's administration 
with great vigor. Gen. Taylor, whose army was first 
called one of "observation," then of "occupation," 
then of " invasion, "was sent forward to Monterey. The 
feeble Mexicans, in every encounter, were hopelessly 
and awfully slaughtered. The day of judgement 
alone can reveal the misery which this war caused. 
It was by the ingenuity of Mr. Polk's administration 
that the war was brought on. 

'To the victors belong the spoils." Mexico was 
prostrate before us. Her capital was in our hands. 
We now consented to peace upon the condition that 
Mexico should surrender to us, in addition to Texas, 
all of New Mexico, and all of Upper and Lower Cal- 
ifornia. This new demand embraced, exclusive of 
Texas, eight hundred thousand square miles. This 
was an extent of territory equal to nine States of the 
size of New York. Thus slavery was securing eighteen 
majestic States to be added to the Union. There were 
some Americans who thought it all right : there were 
others who thought it all wrong. In the prosecution 
of this war, we expended twenty thousand lives and 
more than a hundred million of dollars. Of this 
money fifteen millions were paid to Mexico. 

On the 3d of March, 1849, Mr. Polk retired from 
office, having served one term. The next day was 
Sunday. On the 5th, Gen. Taylor was inaugurated 
as his successor. Mr Polk rode to the Capitol in the 
same carriage with Gen. Taylor; and the same even- 
ing, with Mrs. Polk, he commenced his return to 
Tennessee. He was then but fifty-four years of age. 
He had ever been strictly temperate in all his habits, 
and his health was good. With an ample fortune, 
a choice library, a cultivated mind, and domestic ties 
of the dearest nature, it seemed as though long years 
of tranquility and happiness were before him. But the 
cholera that fearful scourge was then sweeping up 
the Valley of the Mississippi. This he contracted, 
and died on the 15111 of June, 1849, in the fifty-fourth 
year of his age, greatly mourned by his countrymen. 



1 I': 



TWELFTH PRESIDENT. 





ACHARY TAYLOR, twelfth 
President of the United States, 
was born on the 241)1 of Nov., 
1784, in Orange Co., Va. His 
father, Colonel Taylor, was 
a Virginian of note, and a dis- 
tinguished patriot and soldier of 
the Revolution. When Zachary 
was an infant, his father wirh his 
wife and two children, emigrated 
to Kentucky, where he settled in 
the pathless wilderness, a few 
miles from Louisville. Inthisfront- 
iw ier home, away from civilization and 
all its refinements, young Zachary 
could enjoy but few social and educational advan- 
tages. When six years of age he attended a common 
school, and was then regarded as a bright, active boy, 
rather remarkable for bluntness and decision of char- 
acter He was strong, feailess and self-reliant, and 
manifested a strong desire to enter the army to fight 
the Indians who were ravaging the frontiers. There 
is little to be recorded of the uneventful years of his 
childhood on his father's large but lonely plantation. 
In 1808, his father succeeded in obtaining for him 
the commission of lieutenant in the United States 
army ; and he joined the troops which were stationed 
at New Orleans under Gen. Wilkinson. Soon after 
this he married Miss Margaret Smith, a young lady 
from one of the first families of Maryland. 

Immediately after the declaration of war with Eng- 
land, in 1812, Capt. Taylor (for he had then been 
promoted to that rank) was put in command of Fort 
Harrison, on the Wabash, about fifty miles above 
Vincennes. This fort had been built in the wilder- 
ness by Gen. Harrison.on his march to Tippecanoe. 
It was one of the first points of attack by the Indians, 
led by Tecumseh. Its garrison consisted of a broken 



company of infantry numbering fifty men, many of 
whom were sick. 

Early in the autumn of 1812, the Indians, stealthily, 
and in large numbers, moved upon the fort. Their 
approach was first indicated by the murder of two 
soldiers just outside of the stockade. Capt. Taylor 
made every possible preparation to meet the antici- 
pated assault. On the 4th of September, a band of 
forty painted and plumed savages came to the fort, 
waving a white flag, and informed Capt. Taylor that 
in the morning their chief would come to have a talk 
with him. It was evident that their object was merely 
to ascertain the state of things at the fort, and Capt. 
Taylor, well versed in the wiles of the savages, kept 
them at a distance. 

The sun went down ; the savages disappeared, the 
garrison slept upon their arms. One hour before 
midnight the war whoop burst from a thousand lips 
in the forest around, followed by the discharge of 
musketry, and the rush of the foe. Every man, sick 
and well, sprang to his post. Every man knew that 
defeat was not merely death, but in the case of cap- 
ture, death by the most agonizing and prolonged tor- 
ture. No pen can describe, no immagination can 
conceive the scenes which ensued. The savages suc- 
ceeded in setting fire to one of the block-houses- 
Until six o'clock in the morning, this awful conflict 
continued. The savages then, baffled at every point, 
and gnashing their teeth with rage, retired. Capt. 
Taylor, for this gallant defence, was promoted to the 
rank of major by brevet. 

Until the close of the war, Major Taylor was placed 
in such situations that he saw but little more of active 
service. He was sent far away into the depths of the 
wilderness, to Fort Crawford, on Fox River, which 
empties into Green Bay. Here there was but little 
to be done but to wear away the tedious hours as one 
best could. There were no books, no society, no in- 




6 4 



ZACHARY TAYLOR. 



tellectual stimulus. Thus with him the uneventful 
years rolled on Gradually he rose to the rank of 
colonel. In the Black Hawk war, which resulted in 
the capture of that renowned chieftain, Col Taylor 
took a subordinate but a brave and efficient part. 

For twenty-four years Col. Taylor was engaged in 
the defence of the frontiers, in scenes so remote, and in 
employments so obscure, that his name was unknown 
beyond the limits of his own immediate acquaintance. 
In the year 1836, he was sent to Florida to compel 
the Seminole Indians to vacate that region and re- 
tire beyond the Mississippi, as their chiefs by treaty, 
had promised they should do. The services rendered 
here secured for Col. Taylor the high appreciation of 
the Government; and as a reward, he was elevated 
to the rank of brigadier-general by brevet ; and soon 
after, in May, 1838, was appointed to the chief com- 
mand of the United States troops in Florida. 

After two years of such wearisome employment 
amidst the everglades of the peninsula, Gen. Taylor 
obtained, at his own request, a change of command, 
and was stationed over the Department of the South- 
west. This field embraced Louisiana, Mississippi, 
Alabama and Georgia. Establishing his headquarters 
at Fort Jessup, in Louisiana, he removed his family 
to a plantation which he purchased, near Baton Rogue. 
Here he remained for five years, buried, as it were, 
, from the world, but faithfully discharging every duty 
u imposed upon him. 

In 1846, Gen. Taylor was sent to guard the land 
between the Nueces and Rio Grande, the latter river 
< being the boundary of Texas, which was then claimed 
by the United States. Soon the war with Mexico 
was brought on, and at Palo Alto and Resaca de la 
Palma, Gen. Taylor won brilliant victories over the 
Mexicans. The rank of major-general by brevet 
was then conferred upon Gen. Taylor, and his name 
was received with enthusiasm almost everywhere in 
the Nation. Then came the battles of Monterey and 
Buena Vista in which he won signal victories over 
forces much larger than he commanded. 

His careless habits of dress and his unaffected 
simplicity, secured for Gen. Taylor among his troops, 
the sobriquet of "Old Rough and Ready.' 

The tidings of the brilliant victory of Buena Vista 
spread the wildest enthusiasm over the country. The 
name of Gen. Taylor was on every one's lips. The 
Whig party decided to take advantage of this wonder- 
ful popularity in bringing forward the unpolished, un- 
lettered, honest soldier as their candidate for the 
Presidency. Gen. Taylor was astonished at the an- 
nouncement, and for a time would not listen toil; de- 
claring that he was not at all qualified for such an 
office. So little interest had he taken in politics that, 
for forty years, he had not cast a vote. It was not 
without chagrin that several distinguished statesmen 
who had been long years in the public service found 
their claims set aside in behalf of one whose name 



had never been heard of, save in connection with Palo 
Alto, Resaca de la Palma, Monterey and Buena 
Vista. It is said that Daniel Webster, in his haste re- 
marked, " It is a nomination not fit to be made." 

Gen. Taylor was not an eloquent speaker nor a fine 
writer His friends took possession of him, and pre- 
pared such few communications as it was needful 
should be presented to the public. The popularity of 
the successful warrior swept the land. He was tri- 
umphantly elected over two opposing candidates, 
Gen. Cass and Ex-President Martin Van Buren. 
Though he selected an excellent cabinet, -the good 
old man found himself in a very uncongenial position, 
and was, at times, sorely perplexed and harassed. 
His mental sufferings were very severe, and probably 
tended to hasten his death. The pro-slavery party 
was pushing its claims with tireless energy , expedi- 
tions were fitting out to capture Cuba ; California was 
pleading for admission to the Union, while slavery 
stood at the door to bar her out. Gen. Taylor found 
the political conflicts in Washington to be far more 
trying to the nerves than battles with Mexicans or 
Indians. 

In the midst of all these troubles, Gen. Taylor, 
after he had occupied the Presidential chair but little 
over a year, took cold, and after a brief sickness of 
but little over five days, died on the gth of July, 1 85 o. 
His last words were, " I am not afraid to die. I am 
ready. I have endeavored to do my duty." He died 
universally respected and beloved. An honest, un- 
pretending man, he had been steadily growing in the 
affections of the people ; and the Nation bitterly la- 
mented his death. 

Gen. Scott, who was thoroughly acquainted with 
Gen. Taylor, gave the following graphic and truthful 
description of his character: " With a good store of 
common sense, Gen. Taylor's mind had not been en- 
larged and refreshed by reading, or much converse 
with the world. Rigidity of ideas was the conse- 
quence. The frontiers and small military posts had 
been his home. Hence he was quite ignorant for his 
rank, and quite bigoted in his ignorance. His sim- 
plicity was child-like, and with innumerable preju- 
dices, amusing and incorrigible, well suited to the 
tender age. Thus, if a man, however respectable, 
chanced to wear a coat of an unusual color, or his hat 
a little on one side of his head; or an officer to leave 
a corner of his handkerchief dangling from an out- 
side pocket, in any such case, this critic held the 
offender to be a coxcomb (perhaps something worse), 
whom he would not, to use his oft repeated phrase, 
' touch with a pair of tongs.' 

"Any allusion to literature beyond good old Dil- 
worth's spelling-book, on the part of one wearing a 
sword, was evidence, with the same judge, of utter 
unfitness for heavy marchings and combats. In short, 
few men have ever had a more comfortable, labor- 
saving contempt for learning of every kind." 



M ttfc 



of 

THIRTEENTH PRESIDENT. 



FILLfflIIHE,<4 





ILLARD FILLMORE, thir- 
teenth President of the United 
States, was born at Summer 
Hill, Cayuga Co., N. Y ., on 
the yth of January, 1800. His 
father was a farmer, and ow- 
ing to misfortune, in humble cir- 
cumstances. Of his mother, the 
daughter of Dr. Abiathar Millard, 
of Pittsfield, Mass., it has been 
said that she possessed an intellect 
of very high order, united with much 
personal loveliness, sweetness of dis- 
position, graceful manners and ex- 
quisite sensibilities. She died in 
1831 ; having lived to see her son a 
young man of distinguished prom- 
ise, though she was not permitted to witness the high 
dignity which he finally attained. 

In consequence of the secluded home and limited 
means of his father, Millard enjoyed but slender ad- 
vantages for education in his early years. The com- 
mon schools, which he occasionally attended were 
very imperfect institutions; and books were scarce 
and expensive. There was nothing then in his char- 
acter to indicate the brilliant career upon which he 
was about to enter. He was a plain farmer's boy ; 
intelligent, good-tooking, kind-hearted. The sacred 
influences of home had taught him to revere the Bible, 
and had laid the foundations of an upright character. 
When fourteen years of age, his father sent him 
some hundred miles from home, to the then wilds of 
Livingston County, to learn the trade of a clothier. 
Near the mill there was a small villiage, where some 



enterprising man had commenced the collection of a 
village library. This proved an inestimable blessing 
to young Fillmore. His evenings were spent in read- 
ing. Soon every leisure moment was occupied with 
books. His thirst for knowledge became insatiate; 
and the selections which he made were continually ^ 
more elevating and instructive. He read history, 
biography, oratory; and thus gradually there was en-j 
kindled in his heart a desire to be something more-< 
than a mere worker with his hands; and he was be- 
coming, almost unknown to himself, a well-informed, 
educated man. 

The young clothier had now attained the age of 
nineteen years, and was of fine personal appearance 
and of gentlemanly demeanor. It so happened that 
there was a gentleman in the neighborhood of ample 
pecuniary means and of benevolence, Judge Walter 
Wood, who was struck with the prepossessing ap- 
pearance of young Fillmore. He made his acquaint- 
ance, and was so much impressed with his ability and 
attainments that he advised him to abandon his 
trade and devote himself to the study of the law. The 
young man replied, that he had no means of his own, 
no friends to help him and that his previous educa- 
tion had been very imperfect. But Judge Wood had 
so much confidence in him that he kindly offered to 
take him into his own office, and to loan him such 
money as he needed. Most gratefully the generous 
offer was accepted. 

There is in many minds a strange delusion about 
a collegiate education. A young man is supposed to 
be liberally educated if he has graduated at some col- 
lege. But many a boy loiters through university halls 
and then enters a law office, who is by no means as 



68 



MILLARD FILLMORE. 



well prepared to prosecute his legal studies as was 
Millard Fillmore when he graduated at the clothing- 
mill at the end of four years of manual labor, during 
which every leisure moment had been devoted to in- 
tense mental culture. 

In 1823, when twenty-three years of age, he was 
admitted to the Court of Common Pleas. He then 
went to the village of Aurora, and commenced the 
practice of law. In this secluded, peaceful region, 
his practice of course was limited, and there was no 
opportunity for a sudden rise in fortune or in fame. 
Here, in the year 1826, he married a lady of great 
moral worth, and one capable of adorning any station 
she might be called to fill, Miss Abigail Powers. 

His elevation of character, his untiring industry, 
his legal acquirements, and his skill as an advocate, 
gradually attracted attention ; and he was invited to 
enter into partnership under highly advantageous 
circumstances, with an elder member of the bar in 
Buffalo. Just before removing to Buffalo, in 1829, 
he took his seat in the House of Assembly, of the 
State of New York, as a representative from Erie 
County. Though he had never taken a very active 
part in politics, his vote and his sympathies were with 
the Whig party. The State was then Democratic, 
and he found himself in a helpless minority in the 
Legislature , still the testimony comes from all parties, 
that his courtesy, ability and integrity, won, to a very 
unusual degn e the respect of his associates. 

In the autumn of 1832, he was elected to a seat in 
the United States Congress He entered that troubled 
arena in some of the most tumultuous hours of our 
national history. The great conflict respecting the 
national bank and the removal of the deposits, was 
then raging. 

His term of two years closed ; and he returned to 
his profession, which he pursued with increasing rep- 
utation and success. After a lapse of two years 
he again became a candidate for Congress ; was re- 
elected, and took his seat in 1837. His past expe- 
rience as a representative gave him strength and 
confidence. The first term of service in Congress to 
any man can be but little more than an introduction. 
He was now prepared for active duty. All his ener- 
gies were brought to bear upon the public good. Every 
measure received his impress. 

Mr. Fillmore was now a man of wide repute, and 
his popularity filled the State, and in the year 1847, 
he was elected Comptroller of the State. 



Mr. Fillmore had attained the age of forty-seven 
years. His labors at the bar, in the Legislature, in 
Congress and as Comptroller, had given him very con- 
siderable fame. The Whigs were casting about to 
find suitable candidates for President and Vice-Presi- 
dent at the approaching election. Far away, on the 
waters of the Rio Grande, there was a rough old 
soldier, who had fought one or two successful battles 
with the Mexicans, which had caused his name to be 
proclaimed in trumpet-tones all over the land. But 
it was necessary to associate with him on the same 
ticket some man of reputation as a statesman. 

Under the influence of these considerations, the 
namesof Zachary Taylor and Millard Fillmore became 
the rallying-cry of the Whigs, as their candidates for 
President and Vice-Peesident. The Whig ticket was 
signally triumphant. On the 4th of March, ^49, 
Gen. Taylor was inaugurated President, and Millard 
Fillmore Vice-President, of the United States. 

On the gth of July, 1850, President Taylor, but 
about one year and four months after his inaugura- 
tion, was suddenly taken sick and died. By the Con- 
stitution, Vice-President Fillmore thus became Presi- 
dent. He appointed a very able cabinet, of which 
the illustrious Daniel Webster was Secretary of State. 

Mr. Fillniore had very serious difficulties to contend 
with, since the opposition had a majority in both 
Houses. 'He did everything in his power to conciliate 
the South ; but the pro-slavery party in the South felt 
the inadequacyof all measuresof transient conciliation. 
The population of the free States was so rapidly in- 
creasing over that of the slave States that it was in- 
evitable that the power of the Government should 
soon pass into the hands of the free States. The 
famous compromise measures were adopted under Mr. 
Fillmcre's adminstration, and the Japan Expedition 
was sent out. On the 4th of March, 1853, Mr. Fill- 
more, having served one term, retired. 

In 1856, Mr. Fillmore was nominated for the Pres- 
idency by the " Know Nothing " party, but was beaten 
by Mr. Buchanan. After that Mr. Fillmore lived in 
retirement. During the terrible conflict of civil war, 
he was mostly silent. It was generally supposed that 
his sympathies were rather with those who were en- 
deavoring to overthrow our institutions. President 
Fillmore kept aloof from the conflict, without any 
cordial words of cheer to the one party or the other. 
He was thus forgotten by both. He lived to a ripe 
old age, and died in Buffalo. N. Y., March 8, 1874, 



FOURTEENTH PRESIDENT, 








RANKLIN PIERCE, the 
fourteenth President of the 
United States, was born in 
Hillsborongh, N. H., Nov. 
2$, 1804. His father was a 
Revolutionary soldier, who, 
with his own strong arm, 
hewed out a home in the 
wilderness. He was a man 
of inflexible integrity; of 
strong, though uncultivated 
mind, and an uncompromis- 
ing Democrat. The mother of 
Franklin Pierce was all that a son 
could desire, an intelligent, pru- 
dent, affectionate, Christian wom- 
an. Franklin was the sixth of eight children. 

Franklin was a very bright and handsome boy, gen- 
erous, warm-hearted and brave. He won alike the 
love of old and young. The boys on the play ground 
loved him. His teachers loved him. The neighbors 
looked upon him with pride and affection. He was 
by instinct a gentleman ; always speaking kind words, 
doing kind deeds, with a peculiar unstudied tact 
which taught him what was agreeable. Without de- 
veloping any precocity of genius, or any unnatural 
devotion to books, he was a good scholar ; in body, 
in mind, in affections, a finely-developed boy. 

When sixteen years of age, in the year 1820, he 
entered Bowdoin College, at Brunswick, Me He was 
one of the most popular young men in the college. 
The purity of his moral character, the unvarying 
courtesy of his demeanor, his rank as a scholar, and 



genial nature, rendered him. a universal favorite. 
There was something very peculiarly winning in his 
address, and it was evidently not in the slightest de- 
gree studied : it was the simple outgushing of his 
own magnanimous and loving nature. 

Upon graduating, in the year 1824, Franklin Pierce 
commenced the study of law in the office of Judge 
Woodbury, one of the most distinguished lawyers of 
the State, and a man of great private worth. The 
eminent social qualities of the young lawyer, his 
father's prominence as a public man, and the brilliant 
political career into which Judge Woodbury was en- 
tering, all tended to entice Mr. Pierce into the faci- 
nating yet perilous path of political life. With all 
the ardor of his nature he espoused the cause of Gen. 
Jackson for the Presidency. He commenced the 
practice of law in Hillsborough, and was soon elected 
to represent the town in the State Legislature. Here 
he served for four yeais. The last two years he was 
chosen speaker of the house by a very large vote. 

In 1833, at the age of twenty-nine, he was elected 
a member of Congress. Without taking an active 
part in debates, he was faithful and laborious in duty, 
and ever rising in the estimation of those with whom 
he was associatad. 

In 1837, being then but thirty-three years of age, 
he was elected to the Senate of the United States; 
taking his seat just as Mr. Van Buren commenced 
his administration. He was the youngest member in 
the Senate. In the year 1834, he married Miss Jane 
Means Appleton, a lady of rare beauty and accom- 
plishments, and one admirably fitted to adorn every 
station with which her husband was honoied. Of the 



7 2 



FRANKLIN PIERCE. 



three sons who were born to them, all now sleep with 
their parents in the grave. 

In the year 1838, Mr. Pierce, with growing fame 
and increasing business as a lawyer, took up his 
residence in Concord, the capital of New Hampshire. 
President Polk, upon his accession to office, appointed 
Mr. Pierce attorney-general of the United States; but 
the offer was declined, in consequence of numerous- 
professional engagements at home, and the precariuos 
state of Mrs. Pierce's health. He also, about the 
same time declined the nomination for governor by the 
Democratic party. The war with Mexico called Mr. 
Pierce in the army. Receiving the appointment of 
brigadier-general, he embarked, with a portion of his 
troops, at Newport, R. I., on the 27th of May, 1847. 
He took an important part in this war, proving him- 
self a brave and true soldier. 

When Gen. Pierce reached his home in his native 
State, he was received enthusiastically by the advo- 
cates of the Mexican war, and coldly by his oppo- 
nents. He resumed the practice of his profession, 
verj frequently taking an active part in political ques- 
tions, giving his cordial support to the pro-slavery 
wing of the Democratic party. The compromise 
measures met cordially with his approval; and he 
strenuously advocated the enforcement of the infa- 
mous fugitive-slave law, which so shocked the religious 
sensibilities of the North. He thus became distin- 
guished as a " Northern man with Southern principles.'' 
The strong partisans of slavery in the South conse- 
quently regarded him as a man whom they could 
safely trust in office to carry out their plans. 

On the i2th of June, 1852, the Democratic conven- 
tion met in Baltimore to nominate a candidate for the 
Presidency. For four days they continued in session, 
and in thirty-five ballotings no one had obtained a 
two-thirds vote. Not a vote thus far had been thrown 
for Gen. Pierce. Then the Virginia delegation 
brought forward his name. There were fourteen 
more ballotings, during which Gen. Pierce constantly 
gained strength, until, at the forty-ninth ballot, he 
received two hundred and eighty-two votes, and all 
other candidates eleven. Gen. Winfield Scott was 
the Whig candidate. Gen. Pierce was chosen with 
great unanimity. Only four States Vermont, Mas- 
sachusetts, Kentucky and Tennessee cast their 
electoral votes against him Gen. Franklin Pierce 
was therefore inaugurated President of the United 
States on the 4th of March, 1853. 



His administration proved one of the most stormy our 
country had ever experienced. The controversy be- 
tween slavery and freedom was then approaching its 
culminating point. It became evident that there was 
an " irrepressible conflict " between them, and that 
this Nation could not long exist " half slave and half 
free." President Pierce, during the whole of his ad- 
ministration, did every thing he could to conciliate 
the South ; but it was all in vain. The conflict every 
year grew more violent, and threats of the dissolution 
of the Union were borne to the North on every South- 
ern breeze. 

Such was the condition of affairs when President 
Pierce approached the close of his four-years' term 
of office. The North had become thoroughly alien- 
ated from him. The anti-slavery sentiment, goaded 
by great outrages, had been rapidly increasing; all 
the intellectual ability and social worth of President 
Pierce were forgotten in deep reprehension, of his ad- 
ministrative acts. The slaveholders of the South, also, 
unmindful of the fidelity with which he had advo- 
cated those measures of Government which they ap- 
proved, and perhaps, also, feeling that he had 
rendered himself so unpopular as no longer to be 
able acceptably to serve them, ungratefully dropped 
him, and nominated James Buchanan to succeed him. 

On the 4th of March, 1857, President Pierce re- 
tired to his home in Concord. Of three children, two 
had died, and his only surviving child had been 
killed before his eyes by a railroad accident ; and his 
wife, one of the most estimable and accomplished of 
ladies, was rapidly sinking in consumption. The 
hour of dreadful gloom soon came, and he was left 
alone in the world, without wife or child. 

When the terrible Rebellion burst forth, which di- 
vided our country into two parties, and two only, Mr. 
Pierce remained steadfast in the principles which he 
had always cherished, and gave his sympathies to 
that pro-slaver)' party with which he had ever been 
allied. He declined to do anything, either by voice 
or pen, to strengthen the hand of the National Gov- 
ernment. He continued to reside in Concord until 
the time of his death, which occurred in October, 
1869. He was one of the most genial and social of 
men, an honored communicant of the Episcopal 
Church, and one of the kindest of neighbors. Gen- 
erous to a fault, he contributed liberally for the al- 
leviation of suffering and want, and many of his towns- 
people were often gladened by his material bounty. 



L'tiVfclRM 




fIFTEENTH PRESIDENT. 





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-*- 






AMES BUCHANAN, the fif- 
teenth President of the United 
States, was born in a small 
frontier town, at the foot of the 
eastern ridge of the Allegha- 
nies, in Franklin Co., Penn., on 
the 23d of April, 1791. The place 
where the humble cabin of his 
father stood .was called Stony 
> Batter. It was a wild and ro- 
mantic spot in a gorge of the moun- 
tains, with towering summits rising 
grandly all around. His father 
was a native of the north of Ireland ; 
n poor man, who had emigrated" in 
1783, with little property save his 
own strong arms. Five years afterwards he married 
Elizabeth Spear, the daughter of a respectable farmer, 
and, with his young bride, plunged into the wilder- 
ness, staked his claim, reared his log-hut, opened a 
clearing with his axe, and settled down there to per- 
form his obscure part in the drama of life. In this se- 
cluded home, where James was born, he remained 
for eight years, enjoying but few social or intellectual 
advantage. When James was eight years of age, his 
father removed to the village of Mercersburg, where 
his son was placed at school, and commenced a 
course of study in English, Latin and Greek. His 
progress was rapid, and at the age of fourteen, he 
entered Dickinson College, at Carlisle. Here he de- 
veloped remarkable talent, and took his stand among 
the first scholars in the institution. His application 
to study was intense, and yet his native powers en- 



abled him to master the most abstruse subjects with 
facility. 

In the year 1809, he graduated with the highest 
honors of his class. He was then eighteen years of 
age; tall and graceful, vigorous in health, fond of 
athletic sport, an unerring shot, and enlivened with 
an exuberant flow of animal spirits. He immediately 
commenced the study of law in the city of Lancaster, 
and was admitted to the bar in 1812, when he was 
but twenty-one years of age. Very rapidly he rose 
in his profession, and at once took undisputed stand 
with the ablest lawyers of the State. When but 
twenty-six years of age, unaided by counsel, he suc- 
cessfully defended before the State Senate 01 e of the 
judges of the State, who was tried upon articles of 
impeachment. At the age of thirty it was generally 
admitted that he stood at the head of the bar; and 
there was no lawyer in the State who had a more lu- 
crative practice. 

In 1820, he reluctantly consented to run as a 
candidate for Congress. He was elected, and for 
len years he remained a member of the Lower House. 
During the vacations of Congress, he occasionally 
tried some important case. In 1831, he retired 
altogether from the toils of his profession, having ac- 
quired an ample fortune. 

Gen. Jackson, upon his eleVation to ihe Presidency, 
appointed Mr. Buchanan minister to Russia. The 
duties of his mission he performed with ability, which 
gave satisfaction to all parties. Upon his return, in 
1833, he was elected to a seat in the United States 
Senate. He there met, as his associates, Webster, 
Clay, Wright and Culhoun. He advocated the meas- 
ures proposed by President Jackson, of making repri- 



L_ 



7 6 



JAMES BUCHANAN. 



sals against France, to enforce the payment of our 
claims against that country; and defended the course 
of the President in his unprecedented and wholesale 
removal from office of those who were not the sup- 
porters of his administration. Upon this question he 
was brought into direct collision with Henry Clay. 
He also, with voice and vote, advocated expunging 
from the journal of the Senate the vote of censure 
against Gen. Jackson for removing the deposits. 
Earnestly he opposed the abolition of slavery in the 
District of Columbia, and urged the prohibition of the 
circulation of anti-slavery documents by the United 
States mails. 

As to petitions on the subject of slavery, he advo- 
cated that they should be respectfully received; and 
that the reply should be returned, that Congress had 
no power to legislate upon the subject. " Congress," 
said he, " might as well undertake to interfere with 
slavery under a foreign government as in any of the 
States where it now exists." 

Upon Mr. Folk's accession to the Presidency, Mr. 
Buchanan became Secretary of State, and as such, 
took his share of the responsibility in the conduct of 
the Mexican War. Mr. Polk assumed that crossing 
the Nueces by the American troops into the disputed 
territory was not wrong, but for the Mexicans to cross 
the Rio Grande into that territory was a declaration 
of war. No candid man can read with pleasure the 
account of the course our Government pursued in that 
movement. 

Mr. Buchanan identified himself thoroughly with 
the party devoted to the perpetuation and extension 
of slavery, and brought all the energies of his mind 
to bear against the Wilmot Proviso. He gave his 
cordial approval to the compromise measures of 1850, 
which included the fugitive-slave law. Mr. Pierce, 
upon his election to the Presidency, honored Mr. 
Buchanan with the mission to England. 

In the year 1856, a national Democratic conven- 
tion nominated Mr. Buchanan for the Presidency. The 
political conflict was one of the most severe in which 
our country has ever engaged. All the friends of 
slavery were on one side; all the advocates of its re- 
striction and final abolition, on the other. Mr. Fre- 
mont, the candidate of the enemies of slavery, re- 
ceived 1 14 electoral votes. Mr. Buchanan received 
174, and was elected. The popular vote stood 
1,340,618, for Fremont, 1,224,750 for Buchanan. On 
March 4th, 1857, Mr. Buchanan was inaugurated. 

Mr. Buchanan was far advanced in life. Only four 
years were wanting to fill up his threescore years and 
ten. His own friends, those with whom he had been 
allied in political principles and action for years, were 
seeking the destruction of the Government, that they 
might rear upon the ruins of our free institutions a 
nation whose corner-stone should be human slavery. 
In this emergency, Mr. Buchanan was hopelessly be- 
wildered. He could not, with his long-avowed prin- 



ciples, consistently oppose the State-rights party in 
their assumptions. As President of the United States, 
bound by his oath faithfully to administer the laws, 
he could not, without perjury of the grossest kind, 
unite with those endeavoring to overthrow the repub- 
lic. He therefore did nothing. 

The opponents of Mr. Buchanan's administration 
nominated Abraham Lincoln as their standard bearer 
in the next Presidential canvass. The pro-slavery 
party declared, that if he were elected, and the con- 
trol of the Government were thus taken from their 
hands, they would secede from the Union, taking 
with them, as they retired, the National Capitol at 
Washington, and the lion's share of the territory of 
the United States. 

Mr. Buchanan's sympathy with the pro-slavery 
party was such, that he had been willing to offer them 
far.more than they had ventured to claim. All the 
South had professed to ask of the North was non- 
intervention upon the subject of slavery. Mr. Bu- 
chanan had been ready to offer them the active co- 
operation of the Government to defend and extend 
the institution. 

As the storm increased in violence, the slaveholders 
claiming the right to secede, and Mr. Buchanan avow-' 
ing that Congress had no power to prevent it, one of 
the most pitiable exhibitions of governmental im-^ 
becility was exhibited the world has ever seen. 
declared that Congress had no power to enforce its 
laws in any State which had withdrawn, or which 
was attempting to withdraw from the Union. This 
was not the doctrine of Andrew Jackson, when, with- 
his hand upon his sword hilt, he exclaimed, " The 
Union must and shall be preserved!" 

South Carolina seceded in December, 1860; nearly 
three months before the inauguration of President 
Lincoln. Mr. Buchanan looked on in listless despair. 
The rebel flag was raised in Charleston: Fort Sampler 
was besieged ; our forts, navy-yards and arsenals 
were seized ; our depots of military stores were plun- 
dered ; and our custom-houses and post-offices were 
appropriated by the rebels. 

The energy of the rebels, and the imbecility of our 
Executive, were alike marvelous. The Nation looktd 
on in agony, waiting for the slow weeks to glide away, 
and close the administration, so terrible in its weak- 
ness At length the long-looked-for hour of deliver- 
ance came, when Abraham Lincoln was to receive the 
scepter. 

The administration of President Buchanan was 
certainly the most calamitous our country has ex- 
perienced. His best friends cannot recall it with 
pleasure. And still more deplorable it is for his fame, 
that in that dreadful conflict which rolled its billows 
of flame and blood over our whole land, no word came 
from his lips to indicate his wish that our country's 
banner should triumph over the flag of the rebellion. 
He died at his Wheatland retreat, June i, 1868. 



i IM 





V 




SIXTEENTH PRESIDENT. 



79 





- ABRAHAM 



BRAHAM LINCOLN, the 
sixteenth President of the 
United States, was born in 
Hardin Co., Ky., Feb. 12, 
1 809. About the year 1 7 80, a 
man by the name of Abraham 
Lincoln left Virginia with his 
family and moved into the then 
wilds of Kentucky. Only two years 
after this emigration, still a young 
man, while working one day in a 
field, was stealthily approached by 
an Indian and shot dead. His widow 
was left in extreme poverty with five 
little children, three boys and two 
girls. Thomas, the youngest of the 
boys, was four years of age at his 
father's death. This Thomas was 
the father of Abraham Lincoln, the 
President of the United States 
whose name must henceforth forever be enrolled 
with the most prominent in the annals of our world. 
Of course no record has been kept of the life 
of one so lowly as Thomas Lincoln. He was among 
the poorest of the poor. His home was a wretched 
log-cabin; his food the coarsest and the meanest. 
Education he had none; he could never either read 
or write. As soon as he was able to do anything for 
himself, he was compelled to leave the cabin of his 
starving mother, and push out into the world, a friend- 
less, wandering boy, seeking work. He hired him- 
self out, and thus spent the whole of his youth as a 
laborer in the fields of others. 

When twenty-eight years of age he buill a log- 
cabin of his own, and married Nancy Hanks, the 
daughter of another family of poor Kentucky emi- 
grants, who had also come from Virginia. Their 
second child was Abraham Lincoln, the subject of 
this sketch. The mother of Abraham was a noble 
woman, gentle, loving, pensive, created to adorn 
a palace, doomed to toil and pine, and die in a hovel. 
"All that I am, or hope to be," exclaims the grate- 
ful son " I owe to my angel-mother . " 

When he was eight years of age, his father sold his 



cabin and small farm, and moved to Indiana. Where 
two years later his mother died. 

Abraham soon became the scribe of the uneducated 
community around him. He could not have had a 
better school than this to teach him to put thoughts 
into words. He also became an eager reader. The 
books he could obtain were few ; but these he read 
and re-read until they were almost committed to 
memory. 

As the years rolled on, the lot of this lowly family 
was the usual lot of humanity. There were joys and 
griefs, weddings and funerals. Abraham's sister 
Sarah, to whom he was tenderly attached, was mar- 
ried when a child of but fourteen years of age, and 
soon died. The family was gradually scattered. Mr. 
Thomas Lincoln sold out his squatter's claim in 1830, 
and emigrated to Macon Co., 111. 

Abraham Lincoln was then twenty-one years of age. 
With vigorous hands he aided his father in rearing 
another log-cabin. Abraham worked diligently at this 
until he saw the family comfortably settled, and their 
small lot of enclosed prairie planted with corn, when 
he announced to his father his intention to leave 
home, and to go out into the world and seek his for- 
tune. Little did he or his friends imagine how bril- 
liant that fortune was to be. He saw the value of 
education, and was intensely earnest to improve his 
mind to the utmost of his power. He saw the ruin 
which ardent spirits were causing, and became 
strictly temperate ; refusing to allow a drop of intoxi- 
cating liquor to pass his lips. And he had read in 
God's word, " Thou shalt not take the name of the 
Lord thy God in vain ;" and a profane expression he 
was never heard to utter. Religion he revered. His 
morals were pure, and he was uncontaminated by a 
single vice. 

Young Abraham worked for a time as a hired laborer 
among the farmers. Then he went to Springfield, 
where he was employed in building a large flat-boat. 
,In this he took a herd of swine, floated them down 
the Sangamon to the Illinois, and thence by the Mis- 
sissippi to New Orleans. Whatever Abraham Lin- 
coln undertook, he performed so faithfully as to give 
great satisfaction to his employers. In this adven- 



8o 



ABRAHAM LINCOLN. 



ture his employers were so well pleased, that upon 
his return tney placed a store and mill under his care. 

In 1832, at the outbreak of the Black Hawk war, he 
enlisted and was chosen captain of a company. He 
returned to Sangamon County, and although only 23 
years of age, vTas a candidate for the Legislature, but 
was defeated. He soon after received from Andrew 
Jackson the appointment of Postmaster of New Salem, 
His only post-office was his hat. All the letters he 
received he carried there ready to deliver to those 
he chanced to meet. He studied surveying, and soon 
made this his business. In 1834 he again became a 
candidate for the Legislature, and was elected Mr. 
Stuart, of Springfield, advised him to study law. He 
walked from New Salem to Springfield, borrowed of 
Mr. Stuart a load of books, carried them back and 
began his legal studies. When the Legislature as- 
sembled he trudged on foot with his pack on his back 
one hundred miles to Vandalia, then the capital. In 
1836 he was re-elected to the Legislature. Here it 
was he first met Stephen A. Douglas. In 1839 he re- 
moved to Springfield and began the practice of law. 
His success with the jury was so great that he was 
soon engaged in almost every noted case in the circuit. 

In 1854 the great discussion began between Mr. 
Lincoln and Mr. Douglas, on the slavery question. 
In the organization of the Republican party in Illinois, 
in 1856, he took an active part, and at once became 
one of the leaders in that party. Mr. Lincoln's 
speeches in opposition to Senator Douglas in the con- 
test in 1858 for a seat in the Senate, form a most 
notable part of his history. The issue was on the 
slavery question, and he took the broad ground of 
;he Declaration of Independence, that all men are 
created equal. Mr. Lincoln was defeated in this con- 
test, but won a far higher prize. 

The great Republican Convention met at Chicago 
on the i6th ot June, 1860. The delegates and 
strangers who crowded the city amounted to twenty- 
five thousand. An immense building called " The 
Wigwam," was reared to accommodate the Conven- 
tion. There were eleven candidates for whom votes 
were thrown. William H. Seward, a man whose fame 
as a statesman had long filled the land, was the most 
orominent. It was generally supposed he would be 
the nominee. Abraham Lincoln, however, received 
the nomination on the third ballot. Little did he then 
dream of the weary years of toil and care, and the 
bloody death, to which that nomination doomed him: 
and as little did he dream that he was to render services 
to his country, which would fix upon him the eyes of 
the whole civilized world, and which would give him 
a place in the affections of his countrymen, second 
only, if second, to that of Washington. 

Election day came and Mr. Lincoln received 180 
electoral votes out of 203 cast, and was, therefore, 
constitutionally elected President of the United States. 
The tirade of abuse that was poured upon this good 



and merciful man, especially by the slaveholders, was 
greater than upon any other man ever elected to this 
high position. In February, 1861, Mr. Lincoln 'started 
for Washington, stopping in all the large cities on his 
way making speeches. The whole journey was frought 
with much danger. Many of the Southern States had 
already seceded, and several attempts at assassination 
were afterwards brought to light. A gang in Balti- 
more had arranged, upon his arrival to "get up a row," 
and in the confusion to make sure of his death with 
revolvers and hand-grenades. A detective unravelled 
the plot. A secret and special train was provided to 
take him from Harrisburg, through Baltimore, at an 
unexpected hour of the night. The train started at 
half-past ten ; and to prevent any possible communi- 
cation on the part ot the Secessionists with their Con- 
federate gang in Baltimore, as soon as the train had 
started the telegraph-wires were cut. Mr. Lincoln 
reached Washington in safety and was inaugurated, 
although great anxiety was felt by all loyal people. 

In the selection of his cabinet Mr. Lincoln gave 
to Mr. Seward the Department of State, and to other 
prominent opponents before the convention he gave 
important positions. 

During no other administration have the duties 
devolving upon the President been so manifold, and 
the responsibilities so great, as those which fell to 
the lot of President Lincoln. Knowing this, and 
feeling his own weakness and inability to meet, and in 
his own strength to cope with, the difficulties, he 
learned early to seek Divine wisdom and guidance in 
determining his plans, and Divine comfort in all his 
trials, both personal and national. Contrary to his 
own estimate of himself, Mr. Lincoln was one of the 
most courageous of men. He went directly into the 
rebel capital just as the retreating foe was leaving, 
with no guard but a few sailors. From the time he 
had left Springfield, in 1861, however, plans had been 
made for his assassination, and he at last fell a victim 
to one of them. April 14, 1865, he, with Gen. Grant, 
was urgently invited to attend Fords' Theater. It 
was announced that they would be present. Gen. 
Grant, however, left the city. President Lincoln, feel- 
ing, witli his characteristic kindliness of heart, that 
it would be a disappointment if he should fail them, 
very reluctantly consented to go. While listening to 
the play an actor by the name of John Wilkes Booth 
entered the box where the President and family were 
seated, and fired a bullet into his brains. He died the 
next morning at seven o'clock. 
Never before, in the history of the world was a nation 
plunged into such deep grief by the death of its ruler. 
Strong men met in the streets and wept in speechless 
anguish. It is not too much to say that a nation was 
in tears. His was a life which will fitly become a 
model. His name as the savior of his country will 
live with that of Washington's, its father; his country- 
men being unable to decide which is the greater. 



- 



tt**, 
I"' 



nt 

' It., 



SEVENTEENTH PRESIDENT. 





NDREW JOHNSON, seven- 
teenth President of the United 
States. The early life of 
Andrew Johnson contains but 
the record of poverty, destitu- 
tion and friendlessness. He 
was born December 29, 1808, 
in Raleigh, N. C. His parents, 
belonging to the class of the 
"poor whites " of the South, were 
in such circumstances, that they 
could not confer even the slight- 
est advantages of education upon 
their child. When Andrew was five 
years of age, his father accidentally 
lost his life while herorically endeavoring to save a 
friend from drowning. Until ten years of age, Andrew 
was a ragged boy about the streets, supported by the 
labor of his mother, who obtained her living with 
her own hands. 

He then, having never attended a school one day, 
and being unable either to read or write, was ap- 
prenticed to a tailor in his native town. A gentleman 
was in the habit of going to the tailor's shop occasion- 
ally, and reading to the boys at work there. He often 
read from the speeches of distinguished British states- 
men. Andrew, who was endowed with a mind of more 
than ordinary native ability, became much interested 
in these speeches ; his ambition was roused, and he 
was inspired with a strong desire to learn to read. 

He accordingly applied himself to the alphabet, and 
with the assistance of some of his fellow-workmen, 
learned his letters. He then called upon the gentle- 
man to borrow the book of speeches. The owner, 



pleased with his zeal, not only gave him the book, 
but assisted him in learning to combine the letters 
into words. Under such difficulties he pressed on- 
ward laboriously, spending usually ten or twelve hours 
at work in the shop, and then robbing himself of rest 
and recreation to devote such time as he could to 
reading. 

He went to Tennessee in 1826, and located at 
Greenville, where he married a young lady who pos- 
sessed some education. Under her instructions he 
learned to write and cipher. He became prominent 
in the village debating society, and a favorite with 
the students of Greenville College. In 1828, he or- 
ganized a working man's party, which elected him 
alderman, and in 1830 elected him mayor, which 
position he held three years. 

He now began to take a lively interest in political 
affairs ; identifying himself with the working-classes, 
to which he belonged. In 1835, he was elected a 
member of the House of Representatives of Tennes- 
see. He was then just twenty-seven years of age. 
He became a very active member of the legislature, 
gave his adhesion to the Democratic party, and in 
1840 " stumped the State," advocating Martin Van 
Buren's claims to the Presidency, in opposition to those 
of Gen. Harrison. In this campaign he acquired much 
readiness as a speaker, and extended and increased 
his reputation. 

In 1841, he was elected State Senator; 111/1843, he 
was elected a member of Congress, and by successive 
elections, held that important post for ten years. In 
1853, he was elected Governor of Tennessee, and 
was re-elected in 1855. In all these responsible posi- 
tions, he discharged his duties with distinguished abil- 



8 4 



ANDRR W JOHNSON. 



ity, and proved himself the warm friend of the work- 
ing classes. In 1857, Mr. Johnson was elected 
United States Senator. 

Years before, in 1845, he had warmly advocated 
the annexation of Texas, stating however, as his 
reason, that he thought this annexation would prob- 
ably prove " to be the gateway out of which the sable 
sons of Africa are to pass from bondage to freedom, 
and become merged in a population congenial to 
themselves." In 1850, he also supported the com- 
promise measures, the two essential features of which 
were, that the white people of the Territories should 
be permitted to decide for themselves whether they 
would enslave the colored people or not, and that 
the free States of the North should return to the 
South persons who attempted to escape from slavery. 

Mr. Johnson was never ashamed of his lowly origin: 
on the contrary, he often took pride in avowing that 
he owed his distinction to his own exertions. "Sir,"' 
said he on the floor of the Senate, " I do not forget 
that I am a mechanic ; neither do I forget that Adam 
was a tailor and sewed fig-leaves, and that our Sav- 
ior was the son of a carpenter." 

In the Charleston- Baltimore convention of 1860, he 
was the choice of the Tennessee Democrats for the 
[ Presidency. In 1861, when the purpose of the South- 
ern Democracy became apparent, he took a decided 
stand in favor of the Union, and held that " slavery 
must be held subordinate to the Union at whatever 
cost." He returned to Tennessee, and repeatedly 
imperiled his own life to protect the Unionists of 
Tennesee. Tennessee having seceded from the 
Union, President Lincoln, on March 4th, 1862, ap- 
pointed him Military Governor of the State, and he 
established the most stringent military rule. His 
numerous proclamations attracted wide attention. In 

1864, he was elected Vice-President of the United 
States, and upon the death of Mr. Lincoln, April 15, 

1865, became President. In a speech two days later 
he said, " The American people must be taught, if 
they do not already feel, that treason is a crime and 
must be punished ; that the Government will not 
always bear with its enemies ; that it is strong not 
only to protect, but to punish. * * The people 
must understand that it (treason) is the blackest of 
crimes, and will surely be punished." Yet his whole 
administration, the history of which is so well known, 
was in utter inconsistency with, and the most violent 



opposition to, the principles laid down in that speech. 

In his loose policy of reconstruction and general 
amnesty, he was opposed by Congress ; and he char- 
acterized Congress as a new rebellion, and lawlessly 
defied it, in everything possible, to the utmost. In 
the beginning of 1868, on account of "high crimes 
and misdemeanors," the principal of which was the 
removal of Secretary Stanton, in violation of the Ten- 
ure of Office Act, articles of impeachment were pre- 
ferred against him, and the trial began March 23. 

It was very tedious, continuing for nearly three 
months. A test article of the impeachment was at 
length submitted to the court for its action. It was 
certain that as the court voted upon that article so 
would it vote upon all. Thirty-four voices pronounced 
the President guilty. As a two-thirds vote was neces- 
sary to his condemnation, he was pronounced ac- 
quitted, notwithstanding the great majority against 
him. The change of one vote from the not guilty 
side would have sustained the impeachment. 

The President, for the remainder of his term, was 
but little regarded. He continued, though impotently, 
his conflict with Congress. His own party did not 
think it expedient to renominate him for the Presi- 
dency. The Nation rallied, with enthusiasm unpar- 
alleled since the days of Washington, around the name 
of Gen. Grant. Andrew Johnson was forgotten. 
The bullet of the assassin introduced him to the 
President's chair. Notwithstanding this, never was 
there presented to a man a better opportunity to im- 
mortalize his name, and to win the gratitude of a 
nation. He failed utterly. He retired to his home 
in Greenville, Tenn., taking no very active part in 
politics until 1875. On Jan. 26, after an exciting 
struggle, he was chosen by the Legislature of Ten- 
nessee, United States Senator in the forty-fourth Con- 
gress, and took his seat in that body, at the special 
session convened by President Grant, on the 5th of 
March. On the 27th of July, 1875, the ex-President 
made a visit to his daughter's home, near Carter 
Station, Tenn. When he started on his journey, he was 
apparently in his usual vigorous health, but on reach- 
ing the residence of his child the following day, was 
stricken with paralysis, rendering him unconscious. 
He rallied occasionally, but finally passed away at 
2 A.M., July 3 1, aged sixty-seven years. His fun- 
eral was attended at Geenville, on the 3d of August, 
with every demonstration of respect. 






EIGHTEENTH PRESIDENT. 




I 




LYSSES S. GRANT, the 
eighteenth President of the 
United States, was born on 
the agth of April, 1822, of 
Christian parents, in a humble 
home, at Point Pleasant, on the 
banks of the Ohio. Shortly after 
his father moved to George- 
town, Brown Co., O. In this re- 
mote frontier hamlet, Ulysses 
received a common-school edu- 
cation. At the age of seven- 
teen, in the year 1839, he entered 
the Military Academy at West 
Point. Here he was regarded as a 
solid, sensible young man of fair abilities, and of 
sturdy, honest character. He took respectable rank 
as a scholar. In June, 1843, he graduated, about the 
middle in his class, and was sent as lieutenant of in- 
fantry to one of the distant military posts in the Mis- 
souri Territory. Two years he past in these dreary 
solitudes, watching the vagabond and exasperating 
Indians. 

The war with Mexico came. Lieut. Grant was 
sent with his regiment to Corpus Christi. His first 
battle was at Palo Alto. There was no chance here 
for the exhibition of either skill or heroism, nor at 
Resacade la Palma, his second battle. At the battle 
of Monterey, his third engagement, it is said that 
he performed a signal service of daring and skillful 
horsemanship. His brigade had exhausted its am- 
munition. A messenger must be sent for more, along 
a route exposed to the bullets of the foe. Lieut. 
Grant, adopting an expedient learned of the Indians, 
grasped the mane of hrs horse, and hanging upon one 
side of the animal, ran the gauntlet in entire safety. 



From Monterey he was sent, with the fourth infantry, 
to aid Gen. Scott, at the siege of Vera Cruz. In 
preparation for the march to the city of Mexico, he 
was appointed quartermaster of his regiment. At the 
battle of Molino del Rey, he was promoted to a 
first lieutenancy, and was brevetted captain at Cha- 
pultepec. 

At the close of the Mexican War, Capt. Grant re- 
turned with his regiment to New York, and was again 
sent to one of the military posts on the frontier. The 
discovery of gold in California causing an immense 
tide of emigration to flow to the Pacific shores, Capt. 
Grant was sent with a battalion to Fort Dallas, in 
Oregon, for the protection of the interests of the im- 
migrants. Life was wearisome in those wilds. Capt. 
Grant resigned his commission and returned to the 
States; and having married, entered upon the cultiva- 
tion of a small farm near St. Louis, Mo. He had but 
little skill as a farmer. Finding his toil not re- 
munerative, he turned to mercantile life, entering into 
the leather business, with a younger brother, at Ga- 
lena, 111. This was in the year 1860. As the tidings 
of the rebels firing on Fort Sumpter reached the ears 
of Capt. Grant in his counting-room, he said, 
"Uncle Sam has educated me for the army; though 
I have served him through one war, I do not feel that 
I have yet repaid the debt. I am still ready to discharge 
my obligations. I shall therefore buckle on my sword 
and see Uncle Sam through this war too." 

He went into the streets, raised a company of vol- 
unteers, and led them as their captain to Springfield, 
the capital of the State, where their services were 
offered to Gov. Yates. The Governor, impressed by 
the zeal and straightforward executive ability of Capt. 
Grant, gave him a desk in his office, to assist in the 
volunteer organization that was being formed in the 
State in behalf of the Government. On the i5th of 



88 



UL YSSES S. GRA NT. 



June, 1 86 1, Capt. Grant received a commission as 
Colonel of the Twenty-first Regiment of Illinois Vol- 
unteers. His merits as a West Point graduate, who 
had served for 15 years in the regular army, were such 
that he was soon promoted to the rank of Brigadier- 
General and was placed in command at Cairo. The 
rebels raised their banner at Paducah, near the mouth 
of the Tennessee River. Scarcely had its folds ap- 
peared in the breeze ere Gen. Grant was there. The 
rebels fled. Their banner fell, and the star and 
stripes were unfurled in its stead. 

He entered the service with great determination 
and immediately began active duty. This was the be- 
ginning, and until the surrender of Lee at Richmond 
he was ever pushing the enemy with great vigor and 
effectiveness. At Belmont, a few days later, he sur- 
prised and routed the rebels, then at Fort Henry 
won another victory. Then came the brilliant fight 
at Fort Donelson. The nation was electrified by the 

r victory, and the brave leader of the boys in blue was 
immediately made a Major-General, and the military 

I district of Tennessee was assigned to him. 

* Like all great captains, Gen. Grant knew well how 
to secure the results of victory. He immediately 
pushed on to the enemies' lines. Then came the 

terrible battles of Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and the 
siege of Vicksburg, where Gen. Pemberton made an 
unconditional surrender of the city with over thirty 
thousand men and one-hundred and seventy-two can- 
non. The fall of Vicksburg was by far the most 
severe blow which the rebels had thus far encountered, 
and opened up the Mississippi from Cairo to the Gulf. 

Gen. Grant was next ordered to co-operate with 
Gen. Banks in a movement upon Texas, and pro- 
ceeded to New Orleans, where he was thrown from 
his horse, and received severe injuries, from which he 
was laid up for months. He then rushed to the aid 
of Gens. Rosecrans and Thomas at Chattanooga, and 
by a wonderful series of strategic and technical meas- 
ures put the Union Army in fighting condition. Then 
followed the bloody battles at Chattanooga, Lookout 
Mountain and Missionary Ridge, in which the rebels 
were routed with great loss. This won for him un- 
bounded praise in the North. On the 4th of Febru- 
ary, 1864, Congress revived the grade of lieutenant- 
general, and the rank was conferred on Gen. Grant. 
He repaired to Washington to receive his credentials 
and enter upon the duties of his new office. 



Gen. Grant decided as soon as he took charge of 
the army to concentrate the widely-dispersed National 
troops for an attack upon Richmond, the nominal 
capital of the Rebellion, and endeavor there to de- 
stroy the rebel armies which would be promptly as- 
sembled from all quarters for its defence. The whole 
continent seemed to tremble under the tramp of these 
majestic armies, rushing to the decisive battle field. 
Steamers were crowded with troops. Railway trains 
were burdened with closely packed thousands. His 
plans were comprehensive and involved a series of 
campaigns, which were executed with remarkable en- 
ergy and ability, and were consummated at the sur- 
render of Lee, April 9, 1865. 

The war was ended. The Union was saved. The 
almost unanimous voice of the Nation declared Gen. 
Grant to be the most prominent instrument in its sal- 
vation. The eminent services he had thus rendered 
the country brought him conspicuously forward as the 
Republican candidate for the Presidential chair. 

At the Republican Convention held at Chicago, 
May 21, 1868, he was unanimously nominated for the 
Presidency, and at the autumn election received a 
majority of the popular vote, and 214 out of 294 
electoral votes. 

The National Convention of the Republican party 
which met at Philadelphia on the 5th of June, 1872, 
placed Gen. Grant in nomination for a second term 
by a unanimous vote. The selection was emphati- 
cally indorsed by the people five months later, 292 
electoral votes being cast for him. 

Soon after the close of his second term, Gen. Grant 
started upon his famous trip around the world. He 
visited almost every country of the civilized world, 
and was everywhere received with such ovations 
and demonstrations of respect and honor, private 
as well as public and official, as were never before 
bestowed upon any citizen of the United States. 

He was the most prominent candidate before the 
Republican National Convention in 1880 for a re- 
nomination for President. He went to New York and 
embarked in the brokerage business under the firm 
nameof Grant & Ward. The latter proved a villain, 
wrecked Grant's fortune, and for larceny was sent to 
the penitentiary. The General was attacked with 
cancer in the throat, but suffered in his stoic-like 
manner, never complaining. He was re-instated as 
General of the Army and retired by Congress. The 
cancer soon finished its deadly work, and July 23, 
1885, the nation went in mourning over the death of 
the illustrious General. 








^? 




NINETEENTH PRESIDENT. 





UTHERFORD B. HAYES, 
the nineteenth President of 
the United States, was born in 
Delaware, O., Oct. 4, 1822, al- 
most three months after the 
death of his father, Rutherford 
Hayes. His ancestry on both 
the paternal and maternal sides, 
was of the most honorable char- 
acter. It can be traced, it is said, 
as farbackas 1280, when Hayes and 
Rutherford were two Scottish chief- 
tains, fighting side by side with 
Baliol, William Wallace and Robert 
Bruce. Both families belonged to the 
nobility, owned extensive estates, 
and had a large following. Misfor- 
tune overtaking the family, George Hayes left Scot- 
land in 1680, and settled in Windsor, Conn. His son 
George was born in Windsor, and remained there 
during his life. Daniel Hayes, son of the latter, mar- 
ried Sarah Lee, and lived from the time of his mar- 
riage until his death in Simsbury, Conn. Ezekiel, 
son of Daniel, was born in 1724, and was a manufac- 
turer of scythes at Bradford, Conn. Rutherford Hayes, 
son of Ezekiel and grandfather of President Hayes, was 
born in New Haven, in August, 1756. He was a farmer, 
blacksmith and tavern-keeper. He emigrated to 
Vermont at an unknown date, settling in Brattleboro, 
where he established a hotel. Here his son Ruth- 
erford Hayes, the father of President Hayes, was 



born. He was married, in September, 1813, to Sophia 
Birchard, of Wilmington, Vt., whose ancestors emi- 
grated thither from Connecticut, they having been 
among the wealthiest and best famlies of Norwich. 
Her ancestry on the male side are traced back to 
1635, to John Birchard, one of the principal founders 
of Norwich. Both of her grandfathers were soldiers 
in the Revolutionary War. 

The father of President Hayes was an industrious, 
frugal and opened-hearted man. He was of a me- 
chanical turn, and could mend a plow, knit a stock- 
ing, or do almost anything else that he choose to 
undertake. He was a member of the Church, active 
in all the benevolent enterprises of the town, and con- 
ducted his business on Christian principles. After 
the close of the war of 1812, for reasons inexplicable 
to his neighbors, he resolved to emigrate to Ohio. 

The journey from Vermont to Ohio in that day, 
when there were no canals, steamers, nor railways, 
was a very serious affair. A tour of inspection was 
first made, occupying four months. Mr. Hayes deter- 
mined to move to Delaware, where the family arrived 
in i8r7. He died July 22, 1822, a victim of malarial 
fever, less than three months before the birth of the 
son, of whom we now write. Mrs. Hayes, in her sore be- 
reavement, found the support she so much needed in 
her brother Sardis, who had been a member of the 
household from the day of its departure from Ver- 
mont, and in an orphan girl whom she had adopted 
some time before as an act of charity. 

Mrs. Hayes at this period was very weak, and the 



RUTHERFORD B. HAYES. 



subject of this sketch was so feeble at birth that he 
was not expected to live beyond a month or two at 
most. As the months went by he grew weaker and 
weaker, so that the neighbors were in the habit of in- 
quiring from time to time l; if Mrs. Hayes' baby died 
last night." On one occasion a neighbor, who was on 
familiar terms with the family, after alluding to the 
boy's big head, and the mother's assiduous care of 
him, said in a bantering way, li That's right ! Stick to 
him. You have got him along so far, and I shouldn't 
wonder if he wo.ild really come to something yet." 

" You need not laugh," said Mrs. Hayes. " You 
wait and see. You can't tell but I shall make him 
President of the United States yet." The boy lived, 
in spite of the universal predictions of his speedy 
death; and when, in 1825, his older brother was 
drowned, he became, if possible, still dearer to his 
mother. 

The boy was seven years old before he went to 
school. His education, however, was not neglected. 
He probably learned as much from his mother and 
sister as he would have done at school. His sports 
were almost wholly within doors, his playmates being 
his sister and her associates. These circumstances 
tended, no doubt, to foster that gentleness of dispo- 
sition, and that delicate consideration for the feelings 
of others, which are marked traits of his character. 

His uncle Sardis Birchard took the deepest interest 
in his education ; and as the boy's health had im- 
proved, and he was making good progress in his 
studies, he proposed to send him to college. His pre- 
paration commenced with a tutor at home; but he 
was afterwards sent for one year to a professor in the 
Wesleyan University, in Middletovvn, Conn. He en- 
tered Kenyon College in 1838, at the age of sixteen, 
and was graduated at the head of his class in 1842. 

Immediately after his graduation he began the 
study of law in the office of Thomas Sparrow, Esq., 
in Columbus. Finding his opportunities for study in 
Columbus somewhat limited, he determined to enter 
the Law School at Cambridge, Mass., where he re- 
mained two years. 

In 1845, after graduating at the Law School, he was 
admitted to the bar at Marietta, Ohio, and shortly 
afterward went into practice as an attorney-at-law 
with Ralph P. Buckland, of Fremont. Here he re- 
mained three years, acquiring but a limited practice, 
and apparently unambitious of distinction in his pro- 
fession. 

In 1849 he moved to Cincinnati, where his ambi- 
tion found a new stimulus. For several years, how- 
ever, his progress was slow. Two events, occurring at 
this period, had a powerful influence upon his subse- 
quent life. One of these was his marrage with Miss 
Lucy Ware Webb, daughter of Dr. James Webb, of 
Chilicothe; the other was his introduction to the Cin- 
cinnati Literary Club, a body embracing among its 
members such men as Chief Justice Salmon P. Chase, 

_ | _ [ < ^ * J\ 



Gen. John Pope, Gov. Edward F. Noyes, and many 
others hardly less distinguished in after life. The 
marriage was a fortunate one in every respect, as 
everybody knows. Not one of all the wives of our 
Presidents was more universally admired, reverenced 
and beloved than was Mrs. Hayes, and no one did 
more than she to reflect honor upon AVnerican woman- 
hood. The Literary Club brought Mr. Hayes into 
constant association with young men of high char- 
acter and noble aims, and lured him to display the 
qualities so long hidden by his bashfulness and 
modesty. 

In 1856 he was nominated to the office of Judge of 
the Court of Common Pleas; but he declined to ac- 
cept the nomination. Two years later, the office of 
city solicitor becoming vacant, the City Council 
elected him for the unexpired term. 

In 1861, when the Rebellion broke out, he was at 
the zenith of his professional life. His rank at the 
bar was among the the first. But the news of the 
attack on Fort Sumpter found him eager to take up 
arms for the defense of his country. 

His military record was bright ard illustrious. In 
October, 1861, he was made Lieutenant-Colonel, and. 
in August, 1862, promoted Colonel of the 79th Ohio 
regiment, but he refused to leave his old comrades 
and go among strangers. Subsequently, however, he i 
was made Colonel of his old regiment. At the battled 
of South Mountain he received a wound, and while' 
faint and bleeding displayed courage and fortitude 
that won admiration from all. 

Col. Hayes was detached from his regiment, after 
his recovery, to act as Brigadier-General, and placed 
in command of the celebrated Kanawha division, 
and for gallant and meritorious services in the battles 
of Winchester, Fisher's Hill and Cedar Creek, he was 
promoted Brigadier-General. He was also brevetled 
Major-General, "for gallant and distirguished fervices 
during the campaigns of 1864, in West Virginia." In 
the course of his arduous services, four horses were 
shot from under him, and he was wounded four times. 

In 1864, Gen. Hayes was elected to Congress, from 
the Second Ohio District, which had long been Dem- 
ocratic. He was not present during the campaign, 
and after his election was importuned to resign his 
commission in the army ; but he finally declared, " I 
shall never corne to Washington until I can come by 
the way of Richmond." He was re-elected in 1866. 

In 1867, Gen Hayes was elected Governor of Ohio, 
over Hon. Allen G. Thurman, a popular Democrat. 
In 1869 was re-elected over George H. Pendleton. 
He was elected Governor for the third term in 1875. 

In 1876 he was the standard bearer of the Repub- 
lican Party in the Presidential contest, and after a 
hard long contest was chosen President, and was in 
aucjurated Monday, March 5, 1875. He served his 
full term, not, ruwever, with satisfaction to his party, 
but his administration was an average one. 



TWENTIETH PRESIDENT. 



95 




- 




AMES A. GARiTELD, twen- 
tieth President of the United 
States, was born Nov. 19, 
1831, in the woods of Orange, 
Cuyahoga Co., O His par- 
ents were Abram and Eliza 
(Ballou) Garfield, both of New 
England ancestry and from fami- 
lies well known in the early his- 
tory of that section of our coun- 
try, but had moved to the Western 
Reserve, in Ohio, early in its settle- 
ment. 

The house in which James A. was 
born was not unlike the houses of 
poor Ohio farmers of that day. It 
was about 20x30 feet, built of logs, with the spaces be- 
tween the logs filled with clay. His father was a 
hard working farmer, and he soon had his fields 
cleared, an orchard planted, and a log barn built. 
The household comprised the father and mother and 
their four children Mehetabel, Thomas, Mary and 
James. In May, 1823, the father, from a cold con- 
tracted in helping to put out a forest fire, died. At 
this time James was about eighteen months old, and 
Thomas about ten years old. No one, perhaps, can 
tell how much James was indebted to his btother's 
toil and self-sacrifice during the twenty years suc- 
ceeding his father's death, but undoubtedly very 
much. He now lives in Michigan, and the two sis- 
ters live in Solon, O., near their birthplace. 

The early educational advantages young Garfield 
enjoyed were very limited, yet he made the most of 
them. He labored at farm work for others, did car- 
penter work, chopped wood, or did anything that 
would bring in a few dollars to aid his widowed 
mother in her struggles to keep the little family to- 



gether. Nor was Gen. Garfield ever ashamed of his 
origin, and he never forgot the friends of his strug- 
gling childhood, youth and manhood, neither did they 
ever forget him. When in the highest seats of honor, 
the humblest fiiend of his boyhood was as kindly 
greeted as ever. The poorest laborer was sure of the 
sympathy of one who had known all the bitterness 
of wa;it and the sweetness of bread earned by the 
sweat of the brow. He was ever the simple, plain, 
modest gentleman. 

The highest ambition of young Garfield until he 
was about sixteen years old was to be a captain of 
a vessel on Lake Erie. He was anxious to go aboard 
a vessel, which his mother strongly opposed. She 
finally consented to his going to Cleveland, with the 
understanding, however, that he should try to obtain 
some other kind of employment. He walked all the 
way to Cleveland. This was his first visit to the city. 
Afier making many applications for work, and trying 
to get aboard a lake vessel, and not meeting with 
success, he engaged as a driver for his cousin, Amos 
Letcher, on the Ohio & Pennsylvania Canal. He re- 
mained at this work but a short time when he went 
home, and attended the seminary at Chester for 
about three years, when he entered Hiram and the 
Eclectic Institute, teaching a few terms of school in 
the meantime, and doing other work. This school 
was started by the Disciples of Christ in 1850, of 
which church he was then a member. He became 
janitor and bell-ringer in order to help pay his way. 
He then became both teacher and pupil. He soon 
" exhausted Hiram " and needed more ; hence, in the 
fall of 1854, he entered Williams College, from which 
he graduated in 1856, taking one of the highest hon- 
ors of his class. He afterwards returned to Hiram 
College as its President. As above stated, he early 
united with the Christian or Diciples Church at 
Hiram, and was ever after a devoted, zealous mem- 
ber, often preaching in its pulpit and places where 
he happened to be. Dr. Noah Porter, President of 
Yale College, says of him in reference to his religion : 



9 6 



JAMES A. GARFIELD. 



" President Garfield was more than a man of 
strong moral and religious convictions. His whole 
history, from boyhood to the last, shows that duty to 
man and to God, and devotion to Christ and life and 
faith and spiritual commission were controlling springs 
of his being, and to a more than usual degree. In 
my judgment there ii no more interesting feature of 
his character than his loyal allegiance to the body of 
Christians in which he was trained, and the fervent 
sympathy which he ever showed in their Christian 
communion. Not many of the few 'wise and mighty 
and noble who are called" show a similar loyalty to 
the less stately and cultured Christian communions 
in which they have been reared. Too often it is true 
that as they step upward in social and political sig- 
nificance they step upward from one degree to 
another in some of the many types of fashionable 
Christianity. President Garfield adhered to the 
church of his mother, the church in which he was 
trained, and in which he served as a pillar and an 
evangelist, and yet with the largest and most unsec- 
tarian charity for all 'who loveour Lord in sincerity.'" 

Mr. Garfield was united in marriage with Miss 
Lucretia Rudolph, Nov. 1 1, 1858, who proved herself 
worthy as the wife of one whom all the world loved and 
mourned. To them were born seven children, five of 
whom are still living, four boys and one girl. 

Mr. Garfield made his first political speeches in 1 856, 
in Hiram and the neighboring villages, and three 
years later he began to speak at county mass-meet- 
ings, and became the favorite speaker wherever he 
was. During this year he was elected to the Ohio 
Senate. He also began to study law at Cleveland, 
and in 1861 was admitted to the bar. The great 
Rebellion broke out in the early part of this year, 
and Mr. Garfield at once resolved to fight as he had 
talked, and enlisted to defend the old flag. He re- 
ceived his commission as Lieut. -Colonel of the Forty- 
second Regiment of Ohio Volunteer Infantry, Aug. 
14, 1861. He was immediately put into active ser- 
vice, and before he had ever seen a gun fired in action, 
was placed in command of four regiments of infantry 
and eight companies of cavalry, charged with the 
work of driving out of his native State the officer 
(Humphrey Marshall) reputed to be the ablest of 
those, not educated to war whom Kentucky had given 
to the Rebellion. This work was bravely and speed- 
ily accomplished, although against great odds. Pres- 
ident Lincoln, on his success commissioned him 
Brigadier-General, Jan. 10, 1862; and as "he had 
been the youngest man in the Ohio Senate two years 
before, so now he was the youngest Geneial in the 
army." He was with Gen. Buell's army at Shiloh, 
in its operations around Corinth and its march through 
Alabama. He was then detailed as a member of the 
General Court-Martial for the trial of Gen. Fitz-John 
Porter. He was then ordered to report to Gen. Rose- 
crans, and was assigned to the "Chief of Staff." 

The military history of Gen. Garfield closed with 



his brilliant services at Chickamauga, where he won 
the stars of the Major-General. 

Without an effort on his part Gen. Garfield was 
elected to Congress in the fall of 1862 from the 
Nineteenth District of Ohio. This section of Ohio 
had been represented in Congress for sixty years 
mainly by two men Elisha Whittlesey and Joshua 
R. Giddings. It was not without a struggle that he 
resigned his place in the army. At the time he en- 
tered Congress he was the youngest member in that 
body. There he remained by successive re- 
elections until he was elected President in 1880. 
Of his labors in Congress Senator Hoar says : " Since 
the year 1864 you cannot think of a question which 
has been debated in Congress, or discussed before a 
tribunel of the American people, in regard to which 
you will not find, if you wish instruction, the argu- 
ment on one side stated, in almost every instance 
better than by anybody else, in some speech made in 
the House of Representatives or on the hustings by 
Mr. Garfield." 

Upon Jan. 14, 1880, Gen. Garfield was elected to 
the U. S. Senate, and on the eighth of June, of the 
same year, was nominated as the candidate of his 
party for President at the great Chicago Convention. 
He was elected in the following November, and on 
March 4, 1881, was inaugurated. Probably no ad- 
ministration ever opened its existence under brighter 
auspices than that of President Gaifield, and every 
day it grew in favor with the people, and by the first 
of July he had completed all the initiatory and pre- 
liminary work of his administration and was prepar- 
ing to leave the city to meet his friends at Williams 
College. While on his way ap.d at the depot, in com- 
pany with Secretary Elaine, a man stepped behind 
him, drew a revolver, and fired directly at his back. 
The President tottered and fell, and as he did so the 
assassin fired a second shot, the bullet cutting the 
left coat sleeve of his victim, but inflicting no further 
injury. It has been very truthfully said that this was 
" the shot that was heard round the world " Never 
before in the history of the Nation had anything oc- 
curred which so nearly froze the blood of the people 
for the moment, as this awful deed. He was smit- 
ten on the brightest, gladdest day of all his life, and 
was at the summit of his power and hope. Foreighty 
days, all during the hot months of July and August, 
he lingered and suffered. He, however, remained 
master of himself till the last, and by his mngnificent 
bearing was teaching the country and the world the 
noblest of human lessons how to live grar.dly in the 
very clutch of death. Great in life, he was surpass- 
ingly great in death. He passed serenely away Sept. 
19, 1883, at Elberon, N. J , on the very bank of the 
ocean, where he had been taken shortly previous. The 
world wept at his death, as it never had done on the 
death of any other man who had ever lived upon it. 
The murderer was duly tried, found guilty and exe- 
cuted, in one year after he committed the foul deed. 



TWENTY-FIRST PRESIDENT. 



99 





HESTER A. ARTHUR, 
twenty-first President of the 
United States, was born in 
franklin County, Vermont, on 
thefifthof October, 1830, and is 
the oldest of a family of two 
sons and five daughters. His 
father was the Rev. Dr. William 
Arthur, a Baptist clergyman, who 
emigrated to this country from 
the county Antrim, Ireland, in 
his 1 8th year, and died in 1875, in 
Newtonville, near Albany, after a 
long and successful ministry. 

Young Arthur was educated at 
Union College, Schenectady, where 
he excelled in all his studies. Af- 
ter his graduation he taught school 
in Vermont for two years, and at 
the expiration of that time came to 
New York, with $500 in his [wcket, 
and entered the office of ex-Judge 
E. D. Culver as student. After 
I being admitted to the bar he formed 
a partnership with his intimate friend and room-mate, 
Henry D. Gardiner, with the intention of practicing 
in the West, and for three months they roamed about 
in the Western States in search of an eligible site, 
but in the end returned to New York, where they 
hung out their shingle, and entered upon a success- 
ful career almost from the start. General Arthur 
soon afterward married the daughter of Lieutenant 



Herndon, of the United States Navy, who was lost at 
sea. Congress voted a gold medal to his widow in 
recognition of the bravery he displayed on that occa- 
sion. Mrs. Arthur died shortly before Mr. Arthur's 
nomination to the Vice Presidency, leaving two 
children. 

Gen. Arthur obtained considerable legal celebrity 
in his first great case, the famous Lemmon suit, 
brought to recover possession of eight slaves who had 
been declared free by Judge Paine, of the Superior 
Court of New York City. It was in 1852 that Jon- 
athan Lemmon, of Virginia, went to New York with 
his slaves, intending to ship them to Texas, when 
they were discovered and freed. The Judge decided 
that they could not be held by the owner under the 
Fugitive Slave Law. A howl of rage went up from 
the South, and the Virginia Legislature authorized the 
Attorney General of that State to assist in an appeal. 
Wm. M. Evarts and Chester A. Arthur were employed 
to represent the People, and they won their case, 
which then went to the Supreme Court of the United 
States. Charles O'Conor here espoused the cause 
of the slave-holders, but he too was beaten by Messrs. 
Evarts and Arthur, and a long step was taken toward 
the emancipation of the black race. 

Another great service was rendered by General 
Arthur in the same cause in 1856. Lizzie Jennings, 
a respectable colored woman, was put off a Fourth 
Avenue car with violence after she had paid her fare, 
General Arthur sued on her behalf, and secured a 
verdict of $500 damages. The next day the compa- 
ny issued an order to admit colored persons to ride 
on their cars, and the other car companies quickly 



IOO 



CHESTER A. ARTHUR. 



followed their example. Before that the Sixth Ave- 
nue Company ran a few special cars for colored per- 
sons and the other lines refused to let them ride at all. 

General Arthur was a delegate to the Convention 
at Saratoga that founded the Republican party. 
Previous to the war he was Judge- Advocate of the 
Second Brigade of the State of New York, and Gov- 
ernor Morgan, of that State, appointed him Engineer- 
in-Chief of his staff. In. 1861, he was made Inspec- 
tor General, and soon afterward became Quartermas- 
ter-General. In each of these offices he rendered 
great service to the Government during the war. At 
the end of Governor Morgan's term he resumed the 
practice of the law, forming a partnership with Mr. 
Ransom, and then Mr. Phelps, the District Attorney 
of New Yoik, was added to the firm. The legal prac- 
tice of this well-known firm was very large and lucra- 
tive, each of the gentlemen composing it were able 
lawyers, and possessed a splendid local reputation, if 
not indeed one of national extent. 

He always took a leading part in State and city 
jwlitics. He was appointed Collector of the Port of 
/New York by President Grant, Nov. 21 1872, to suc- 

Iceed Thomas Murphy, and held the office until July, 
20, 1878, when he was succeeded by Collector Merritt. 
Mr. Arthur was nominated on the Presidential 
ticket, with Gen. James A. Garfield, at the famous 
National Republican Convention held at Chicago in 
June, 1880. This was perhaps the greatest political 
convention that ever assembled on the continent. It 
was composed of the leading politicians of the Re- 
publican party, all able men, and each stood firm and 
fought vigorously and with signal tenacity for their 
respective candidates that were before the conven- 
tion for the nomination. Finally Gen. Garfield re- 
ceived the nomination for President and Gen. Arthur 
for Vice-President. The campaign which followed 
was one of the most animated known in the history of 
our country. Gen. Hancock, the standard-bearer of 
the Democratic party, was a popular man, and his 
party made a valiant fight for his election. 

Finally the election came and the country's choice 
was Garfield and Arthur. They were inaugurated 
March 4, i88r, as President and Vice-President. 
A few months only had passed ere the newly chosen 
President was the victim of the assassin's bullet. Then 
came terrible weeks of suffering, those moments of 
anxious suspense, when the hearts of all civilized na- 



tions were throbbing in unison, longing for the re- 
covery of the noble, the good President. The remark- 
able patience that he manifested during those hours 
and weeks, and even months, of the most terrible suf- 
fering man has often been called upon to endure, was 
seemingly more than human. It was certainly God- 
like. During all this period of deepest anxiety Mr. 
Arthur's every move was watched, and be it said to his 
credit that his every action displayed only an earnest 
desire that the suffering Garfield might recover, to 
serve the remainder of the term he had so auspi- 
ciously begun. Not a selfish feeling was manifested 
in deed or look of this man, even though the most 
honored position in tfie world was at any moment 
likely to fall to him. 

At last God in his mercy relieved President Gar- 
field from further suffering, and the world, as never 
before in its history over the death of any other 
man, wept at his bier. Then it became the duty of 
the Vice President to assume the responsibilities of 
the high office, and he took the oath in New York, 
Sept. 20, 1881. The position was an embarrassing 
one to him, made doubly so from the facts that all 
eyes were on him, anxious to know what he would do, 
what policy he would pursue, and who he would se- 
lect as advisers. The duties of the office had been 
greatly neglected during the President's long illness, 
and many important measures were to be immediately 
decided by him ; and still farther to embarrass him he 
did not fail to realize under what circumstances he 
became President, and knew the feelings of many on 
this point. Under these trying circumstances President 
Arthur took the reins of the Government in his own 
hands ; and, as embarrassing as were the condition of 
affairs, he happily surprised the nation, acting so 
wisely that but few criticised his administration. 
He served the nation well and faithfully, until the 
close of his administration, March 4, 1885, and was 
a popular candidate before his party for a second 
term. His name was ably presented before the con- 
vention at Chicago, and was received with great 
favor, and doubtless but for the personal popularity 
of one of the opposing candidates, he would have 
been selected as the standard-bearer of his party 
for another campaign. He retired to private life car- 
rying with him the best wishes of the American peo- 
ple, whom he had served in a manner satisfactory 
to them and with credit to himself. 



UBUH 



TWENTY-SECOND PRESIDENT. 










TEPHEN GROVER CLEVE- 
LAND,the twenty-second Pres- 
ident of the United States, was 
born in 1837, in the obscure 
town of Caldwell, Essex Co., 
N. J., and in a little tworand-a- 
half-story white house which is still 
standing, characteristically to mark 
the humble birth-place of one of 
America's great men in striking con- 
trast with the Old World, where all 
men high in office must be high in 
origin and born in ' the cradle of 
wealth. When the subject of this 
sketch was three years of age, his 
father, who was a Presbyterian min- 
ister, with a large family and a small salary, moved, 
by way of the Hudson River and Erie ("anal, to 
Fayetteville, in search of an increased income and a 
larger field of work. Fayetteville was then the most 
straggling of country villages, about five miles from 
Pompey Hill, where Governor Seymour was born. 

At the last mentioned place young Grover com- 
menced going to school in the "good, old-fashioned 
way," and presumably distinguished himself after the 
manner of all village boys, in doing the things he 
ought not to do. Such is the distinguishing trait of 
all geniuses and independent thinkers. When he 
arrived at the age of 14 years, he had outgrown the 
capacity of the village school and expressed a most 



emphatic desire to be sent to an academy. To this 
his father decidedly objected. Academies in those 
days cost money; besides, his father wanted him to 
become self-supporting by the quickest possible 
means, and this at that time in Fayetteville seemed 
to be a position in a country store, where his father 
and the large family on his hands had considerable 
influence. Grover was to be paid $50 for his services 
the first year, and if he proved trustworthy he was to 
receive $100 the second year. Here the lad com- 
menced his career as salesman, and in two years he 
had earned so good a reputation for trustworthiness 
that his employers desired to retain him for an in- 
definite length of time. Otherwise he did not ex- 
hibit as yet any particular " flashes of genius " or 
eccentricities of talent. He was simply a good boy. 
But instead of remaining with this firm in Fayette- 
ville, he went with the family in their removal to 
Clinton, where he had an opportunity of attending a 
high school. Here he industriously pursued his 
studies until the family removed with him to a point 
on Black River known as the " Holland Patent," a 
village of 500 or 600 people, 15 miles north of Utica, 
N. Y. At this place his father died, after preaching 
but three Sundays. This event broke up the family, 
and Grover set out for New York City to accept, at a 
small salary, the position of " under-teacher " in an 
asylum for the blind. He taught faithfully for two 
years, and although he obtained a good reputation in 
this capacity, he concluded that teaching was not his 



I 



T.A.' 



104 



5. GROVER CLEVELAND. 



calling for life, and, reversing the traditional order, 
he left the city to seek his fortune, instead of going 
to a city. He first thought of Cleveland, Ohio, as 
there was some charm in that name for him ; but 
before proceeding to that place he went to Buffalo to 
ask the advice of his uncle, Lewis F. Allan, a noted 
stock-breeder of that place. The latter did not 
speak enthusiastically. " What is it you want to do, 
my boy?" he asked. "Well, sir, I want to study 
law," was the reply. " Good gracious ! " remarked 
the old gentleman ; " do you, indeed ? What ever put 
that into your head? How much money have you 
got?" "Well, sir, to tell the truth, I haven't got 
any." 

After a long consultation, his uncle offered him a 
place temporarily as assistant herd-keeper, at $50 a 
year, while he could "look around." One day soon 
afterward he boldly walked into the office of Rogers, 
Bowen & Rogers, of Buffalo, and told them what he 
wanted. A number of young men were already en- 
I gaged in the office, but Grover's persistency won, and 
he was finally permitted to come as an office boy and 



- 



' have the use of the law library, for the nominal sum 
of $3 or $4 a week. Out of this he had to pay for 
his board and washing. The walk to and from his 
uncle's was along and rugged one; and, although 
the first winter was a memorably severe one, his 
shoes were out of repair and his overcoat he had 
none yet he was nevertheless prompt and regular. 
On the first day of his service here, his senior em- 
ployer threw down a copy of Blackstone before him 
with a bang that made the dust fly, saying "That's 
where they all begin." A titter ran around the little 
circle of clerks and students, as they thought that 
was enough to scare young Grover out of his plans ; 
but indue time he mastered that cumbersome volume. 
Then, as ever afterward, however, Mr. Cleveland 
exhibited a talent for executiveness rather than for 
chasing principles through all their metaphysical 
possibilities. " Let us quit talking and go and do 
it," was practically his motto. 

The first public office to which Mr. Cleveland was 
elected was that of Sheriff of Erie Co., N. Y., in 
which Buffalo is situated; and in such capacity it fell 
to his duty to inflict capital punishment upon two 
criminals. In 1881 he was elected Mayor of the 
City of Buffalo, on the Democratic ticket, with es- 
pecial reference to the bringing about certain reforms 



in the administration of the municipal affairs of that 
city. In this office, as well as that of Sheriff, his 
performance of duty has generally been considered 
fair, with possibly a few exceptions which were fer- 
reted out and magnified during the last Presidential 
campaign. As a specimen of his plain language in 
a veto message, we quote from one vetoing an iniqui- 
tous street-cleaning contract : " This is a time for 
plain speech, and my objection to your action shall 
be plainly stated. I regard it as the culmination of 
a mos'; bare-faced, impudent and shameless scheme 
to betray the interests of the people and to worse 
than squander the people's money." The New York 
Sun afterward very highly commended Mr. Cleve- 
land's administration as Mayor of Buffalo, and there- 
upon recommended him for Governor of the Empire 
State. To the latter office he was elected in 1882, 
and his administration of the affairs of State was 
generally satisfactory. The mistakes he made, if 
any, were made very public throughout the nation 
after he was nominated for President of the United 
States. For this high office he was nominated July 
n, 1884, by the National Democratic Convention at 
Chicago, when other competitors were Thomas F. 
Bayard, Roswell P. Flower, Thomas A. Hendricks, 
Benjamin F. Butler, Allen G. Thurman, etc.; and he 
was elected by the people, by a majority of about a 
thousand, over the brilliant and long-tried Repub- 
lican statesman, James G. Blaine. President Cleve- 
land resigned his office as Governor of New York in 
January, 1885, in order to prepare for his duties as 
the Chief Executive of the United States, in which 
capacity his term commenced at noon on the 4th of 
March, 1885. For his Cabinet officers he selected 
the following gentlemen: For Secretary of State, 
Thomas F. Bayard, of Delaware ; Secretary of the 
Treasury, Daniel Manning, of New York ; Secretary 
of War, William C. Endicott, of Massachusetts ; 
Secretary of the Navy, William C. Whitney, of New 
York ; Secretary of the Interior, L. Q. C. Lamar, of 
Mississippi; Postmaster-General, William F. Vilas, 
of Wisconsin ; Attorney-General, A. H. Garland, of 
Arkansas. 

The silver question precipitated a controversy be- 
tween those who were in favor of the continuance of 
silver coinage and those who were opposed, Mr. 
Cleveland answering for the latter, even before his 
inauguration. 






, 





(B - S) 

^ 




LI* 

'LL>-^^ 






H I* 



e 



GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



in 



-s* 








HADRACH BOND, the first 
Governor of Illinois after its 
organization as a State, serving 
from 1818 to 1822, was born in 
Frederick County, Maryland, 
in the year 1773, and was 
raised a farmer on his father's 
plantation, receiving only a plain 
English education. He emigrated 
to this State in 1794, when it was a 
part of the " Northwest Territory," 
continuing in the vocation in which 
he had been brought up in his native 
State, in the " New Design," near 
Eagle Creek, in what is now Monroe 
County. He served several terms as 
a member of the General Assembly 
of Indiana Territory, after it was organized as such, 
and in 1812-14 he was a Delegate to the Twelfth 
and Thirteenth Congresses, taking his seat Dec. 3, 
1812, and serving until Oct. 3, 1814. These were 
the times, the reader will recollect, when this Gov- 
ernment had its last struggle with Great Britain. 
The year 1812 is also noted in the history of this 
State as that in which the first Territorial Legislature 
was held. It convened at Kaskaskia, Nov. 25, and 
adjourned Dec. 26, following. 

While serving as Delegate to Congress, Mr. Bond 
was instrumental in procuring the right of pre-emp- 
tion on the public domain. On the expiration of his 
term at Washington he was appointed Receiver of 
Public Moneys at Kaskaskia, then the capital of the 
Territory. In company with John G. Comyges, 




Thomas H. Harris, Charles Slade, Michael Jones, 
Warren Brown, Edward Humphries and Charles W. 
Hunter, he became a proprietor of the site of the 
initial city of Cairo, which they hoped, from its favor- 
able location at the junction of the two _great 
rivers near the center of the Great West, would 
rapidly develop into a metropolis. To aid the enter- 
prise, they obtained a special charter from the Legis- 
lature, incorporating both the City and the Bank of 
Cairo. 

In 1818 Mr. Bond was elected the first Governor 
of the State of Illinois, being inaugurated Oct. 6, 
that year, which was several weeks before Illinois 
was actually admitted. The facts are these: In 
January, 1818, the Territorial Legislature sent a peti- 
tion to Congress for the admission of Illinois as a 
State, Nathaniel Pope being then Delegate. The 
petition was granted, fixing the northern line of the 
State on the latitude of the southern extremity of 
Lake Michigan ; but the bill was afterward so amend- 
ed as to extend this line to its present latitude. In 
July a convention was called at Kaskaskia to draft a 
constitution, which, however, was not submitted to 
the people. By its provisions, supreme judges, pros- 
ecuting attorneys, county and circuit judges, record- 
ers and justices of the peace were all to be appointed 
by the Governor or elected by the Legislature. This 
constitution was accepted by Congress Dec. 30. At 
that time Illinois comprised but eleven counties, 
namely, Randolph, Madison, Gallatin, Johnson, 
Pope, Jackson, Crawford, Bond, Union, Washington 
and Franklin, the northern portion of the State be- 
ing mainly in Madison County. Thus it appears 
that Mr. Bond was honored by the naming of a 



SHADRACH BOND. 






county before he was elected Governor. The present 
county of Bond is of small limitations, about 60 to 80 
miles south of Springfield. For Lieutenant Governor 
the people chose Pierre Menard, a prominent and 
worthy Frenchman, after whom a county in this State 
is named. In this election there were no opposition 
candidates, as the popularity of these men had made 
their promotion to the chief offices of the Siate, even 
before the constitution was drafted, a foregone con- 
clusion. 

The principal points that excited the people in 
reference to political issues at this period were local 
or "internal improvements," as they were' called, 
State banks, location of the capital, slavery and the 
personal characteristics of the proposed candidates. 
Mr. Bond represented the " Convention party," for 
introducing slavery into the State, supported by Elias 
Kelt Kane, his Secretary of State, and John Mc- 
Lean, while Nathaniel Pope and John P. Cook led 
the anti-slavery element. The people, however, did 
not become very much excited over this issue until 
1820, when the famous Missouri Compromise was 
adopted by Congress, limiting slavery to the south 
of the parallel of 36 30' except in Missouri. While 
this measure settled the great slavery controversy, 
so far as the average public sentiment was tempor- 
arily concerned, until 1854, when it was repealed 
under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas, the issue 
as considered locally in this State was not decided 
until 1824, after a most furious campaign. (See 
sketch of Gov. Coles.) The ticket of 1818 was a 
compromise one, Bond representing (moderately) the 
pro-slavery sentiment and Menard the anti-slavery. 

An awkward element in the State government 
under Gov. Bond's administration, was the imperfec- 
tion of the State constitution. The Convention 
wished to have Elijah C. Berry for the first Auditor 
of Public Accounts, but, as it was believed that the 
new Governor would not appoint him to the office, 
the Convention declared in a schedule that " an 
auditor of public accounts, an attorney general and 
such other officers of the State as may be necessary, 
may be appointed by the General Assembly." The 
Constitution, as it stood, vested a very large appoint- 
ing power in the Governor ; but for the purpose of 
getting one man into office, a total change was made, 
and the power vested in the Legislature. Of this 
provision the Legislature took advantage, and de- 



clared that State's attorneys, canal commissioners, 
bank directors, etc., were all " officers of the State " 
and must therefore be appointed by itself independ- 
ently of the Governor. 

During Gov. Bond's administration a general law 
was passed for the incorporation of academies and 
towns, and one authorizing lotteries. The session of 
1822 authorized the Governor to appoint commis- 
sioners, to act in conjunction with like commissioners 
appointed by the State of Indiana, to report on the 
practicability and expediency of improving the navi- 
gation of the Wabash River; also inland navigation 
generally. Many improvements were recommended, 
some of which have been feebly worked at even till 
the present day, those along the Wabash being of no 
value. Also, during Gov. Bond's term of office, the 
capital of the State was removed from Kaskaskia to 
Vandalia. In 1820 a law was passed by Congress 
authorizing this State to open a canal through the 
public lands. The State appointed commissioners 
lo explore the route and prepare the necessary sur- ' 
veys and estimates, preparatory to its execution; 
but, being unable out of its own resources to defray 
the expenses of the undertaking, it was abandoned 
until some time after Congress made the grant of 
land for the purpose of its construction. 

On the whole, Gov. Bond's administration was ' 
fairly good, not being open to severe criticism from 
any party. In 1824, two years after the expiration 
of his term of office, he was brought out as a candi- 
date for Congress against the formidable John P. 
Cook, but received only 4,374 votes to 7,460 for the 
latter. Gov. Bond was no orator, but had made 
many fast friends by a judicious bestowment of his 
gubernatorial patronage, and these worked zealously 
for him in the campaign. 

In 1827 ex-Gov. Bond was appointed by the Leg- 
islature, with VVm. P. McKee and Dr. Gershom 
Jayne, as Commissioners to locate a site for a peni- 
tentiary on the Mississippi at or near Alton. 

Mr. Bond was of a benevolent and convivial dis- 
position, a man of shrewd observation and clear ap- 
preciation of events. His person was erect, stand- 
ing six feet in height, and after middle life became 
portly, weighing 200 pounds. His features were 
strongly masculine, complexion dark, hair jet and 
eyes hazel ; was a favorite with the ladies. He died 
April n, 1830, in peace and contentment. 













f 






' 





Y- 
GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



)>war& Coles. 





DWARD COLES, second 
Governor of Illinois, 1823- 
6, was born Dec. 15, 1786, 
in Albemarle Co., Va., on 
the old family estate called 
"Enniscorthy," on the 
Green Mountain. His fath- 
er, John Coles, was a Colonel in the 
Revolutionary War. Having been fit- 
ted for college by private tutors, he 
was sent to Hampden Sidney, where 
he remained until the autumn of 1805, 
when he was removed to William and 
Mary College, at Williamsburg, Va. 
This college he left in the summer of 
1807, a short time before the final and graduating 
examination. Among his classmates were Lieut. 
Gen. Scott, President John Tyler, Wm. S. Archer, 
United States Senator from Virginia, and Justice 
Baldwin, of the United States Supreme Court. The 
President of the latter college, Bishop Madison, was 
a cousin of President James Madison, and that cir- 
cumstance was the occasion of Mr. Coles becoming 
personally acquainted with the President and re- 
ceiving a position as his private secretary, 1809-15. 
The family of Coles was a prominent one in Vir- 
ginia, and their mansion was the seat of the old- 
fashioned Virginian hospitality. It was visited by 
such notables as Patrick Henry, Jefferson, Madison, 
Monroe, the Randolphs, Tazewell, Wirt, etc. At the 
age of 23, young Coles found himself heir to a plant- 
ation and a considerable number of slaves. Ever 
since his earlier college days his attention had been 
drawn to the question of slavery. He read every- 



thing on the subject that came in his way, and 
listened to lectures on the rights of man. The more 
he reflected upon the subject, the more impossible 
was it for him to reconcile the immortal declaration 
"that all men are born free and equal" with the 
practice of slave-holding. He resolved, therefore, to. 
free his slaves the first opportunity, and even remove 
his residence to a free State. One reason which de-J 
termined him to accept the appointment as private*' 
secretary to Mr. Madison was because he believed] 
that through the acquaintances he could make at 
Washington he could better determine in what part] 
of the non-slaveholding portion of the Union he would 
prefer to settle. 

The relations between Mr. Coles and President 
Madison, as well as Jefferson and other distinguished 
men, were of a very friendly character, arising from 
the similarity of their views on the question of slavery 
and their sympathy for each other in holding doc- 
trines so much at variance with the prevailing senti- 
ment in their own State. 

In 1857, he resigned his secretaryship and spent a 
portion of the following autumn in exploring the 
Northwest Territory, for the purpose of finding a lo- 
cation and purchasing lands on which to settle his 
negroes. He traveled with a horse and buggy, with 
an extra man and horse for emergencies, through 
many parts of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois and Missouri, 
determining finally to settle in Illinois. At this time, 
however, a misunderstanding arose between our 
Government and Russia, and Mr. Coles was selected 
to repair to St. Petersburg on a .special mission, bear- 
ing important papers concerning the matter at issue. 
The result was a conviction of the Emperor (Alex.- 



t 3 



n6 



EDWARD COLES. 



ander) of the error committed by his minister at 
Washington, and the consequent withdrawal of the 
the latter from the post. On his return, Mr. Coles 
visited other parts of Europe, especially Paris, where 
he was introduced to Gen. Lafayette. 

In the spring of 1819, he removed with all his 
negroes from Virginia to Edwardsville, 111., with the 
intention of giving them their liberty. He did not 
make known to them his intention until one beautiful 
morning in April, as they were descending the Ohio 
River. He lashed all the boats together and called 
all the negroes on deck and made them a short ad- 
dress, concluding his remarks by so expressing him- 
self that by a turn of a sentence he proclaimed in 
the shortest and fullest manner that they were no 
longer slaves, but free as he was and were at liberty 
to proceed with him or go ashore at their pleas- 
ure. A description of the effect upon the negroes is 
best desciibed in his own language : 

"The effect upon them was electrical. They stared 
at me and then at each other, as if doubting the ac- 
curacy or reality of what they heard. In breathless 
silence they stood before me, unable to utter a word, 
but with countenances beaming with expression which 
no words could convey, and which no language 
can describe. As they began to see the truth of 
what they had heard, and realize their situation, there 
came on a kind of hysterical, giggling laugh. After 
I a pause of intense and unutterable emotion, bathed 
in tears, and with tremulous voices, they gave vent to 
their gratitude and implored the blessing of God 
* on me." 

Before landing he gave them a general certificate 
of freedom, and afterward conformed more particu- 
larly with the law of this State requiring that each 
individual should have a certificate. This act of 
Mr. Coles, all the more noble and heroic considering 
the overwhelming pro-slavery influences surrounding 
him, has challenged the admiration of every philan- 
thropist of modern times. 

March 5, r8ig, President Monroe appointed Mr. 
Coles Registrar of the Land Office at Edwardsville, 
at that time one of the principal land offices in the 
State. While acting in this capacity and gaining 
many friends by his politeness and general intelli- 
gence, the greatest struggle that ever occurred in 
Illinois on the slavery question culminated in the 
furious contest characterizing the campaigns and 
elections of 1822-4. In the summer of 1823, when a 
new Governor was to be elected to succeed Mr. 
Bond, the pro-slavery element divided into factions, 
putting forward for the executive office Joseph 
Phillips, Chief Justice of the State, Thomas C. 
Browne and Gen. James B. Moore, of the State Mil- 
itia. The anti-slavery element united upon Mr. 
Coles, and, after one of the most bitter campaigns, 
succeeded in electing him as Governor. His plural- 
ity over Judge Phillips was only 59 in a total vote of 



over 8,000. The Lieutenant Governor was elected 
by the slavery men. Mr. Coles' inauguration speech 
was marked by calmness, deliberation and such a 
wise expression of appropriate suggestions as to 
elicit the sanction of all judicious politicians. But 
lie compromised not with evil. In his message to 
the Legislature, the seat of Government being then 
at Vandalia, he strongly urged the abrogation of the 
modified form of slavery which then existed in this 
State, contrary to the Ordinance of 1787. His posi- 
tion on this subject seems the more remarkable, when 
it is considered that he was a minority Governor, the 
population of Illinois being at that time almost ex- 
clusively from slave-holding States and by a large 
majority in 'favor of the perpetuation of that old relic 
of barbarism. The Legislature itself was, of course, 
a reflex of the popular sentiment, and a majority of 
them were led on by fiery men in denunciations of 
the conscientious Governor, and in curses loud and 
deep upon him and all his friends. Some of the 
public men, indeed, went so far as to head a sort of 
mob, or " shiveree " party, who visited the residence 
of the Governor and others at Vandalia and yelled 
and groaned and spat fire. 

The Constitution, not establishing or permitting 
slavery in this State, was thought therefore to be 
defective by the slavery politicians, and they desired 
a State Convention to be elected, to devise and sub- 
mit a new Constitution ; and the dominant politics 
of the day was "Convention" and "anti-Conven- 
tion." Both parties issued addresses to the people, 
Gov. Coles himself being the author of the address 
published by the latter party. This address revealed 
the schemes of the conspirators in a masterly man- 
ner. It is difficult for us at this distant day to esti- 
mate the critical and extremely delicate situation in 
which the Governor was placed at that time. 

Our hero maintained himself honorably and with 
supreme dignity throughout his administration, and 
in his honor a county in this State is named. He 
was truly a great man, and those who lived in 
this State during his sojourn here, like those who 
live at the base of the mountain, were too near to see 
and recognize the greatness that overshadowed them. 

Mr. Coles was married Nov. 28, 1833, by Bishop 
De Luncey, to Miss Sally Logan Roberts, a daughter 
of Hugh Roberts, a descendant of Welsh ancestry, 
who cami to this country with Wm. Penn in 1682. 

After the expiration of his term of service, Gov. 
Coles continued his residence in Edwardsville, sup- 
erintending his farm in the vicinity. He was fond 
of agriculture, and was the founder of the first agri- 
cultural society in the State. On account of ill 
health, however, and having no family to tie him 
down, he spent much of his time in Eastern cities. 
About 1832 he changed his residence to Philadel- 
phia, where he died July 7, 1868, and is buried at 
Woodland, near that city. 








ittSI I | v) I. 






. 



GOl'ER.VOXS OF ILLINOIS. 





INIAN EDWARDS, Governor 
from 1827 to 1830, was a son 
p of Benjamin Edwards, and 
was born in Montgomery 
_,,<> County, Maryland, in March, 
~ 1775. His domestic train- 
.V" ing was well fitted to give 
his mind strength, firmness and 
honorable principles, and a good 
foundation was laid for the elevated 
character to which he afterwards 
attained. His parents were Bap- 
tists, and very strict in their moral 
principles. His education in early 
youth was in company with and 
partly under the tuition of Hon. \Vni. 
Wirt, whom his father patronized 
and who was more than two years 
older. An intimacy was thus 
form.'d between them which was lasting for life. He 
was further educated at Dickinson College, at Car 
lisle, Pa. He next commenced the study of law, but 
before completing his course he moved to Nelson 
County, Ky., to open a farm for his father and to 
purchase homes and locate lands for his brothers and 
sisters. Here he fell in the company of dissolute 
companions, and for several years led the life of a 
spendthrift. He was, however, elected to the Legis- 
lature of Kentucky as the Representative of Nelson 
County before he was 21 years of age, and was re- 
elected by an almost unanimous vote. 



In 1798 he was licensed to practice law, and the 
following year was admitted to the Courts of Tennes- 
see. About this time he left Nelson Comity for 
Russellville, in Logan County, broke away from his 
dissolute companions, commenced a reformation and 
devoted himself to severe and laborious study. He 
then began to rise rapidly in his profession, and soon 
became an eminent lawyer, and inside of four years 
he filled in succession the offices of Presiding Judge 
of the General Court, Circuit Judge, fourth Judge of 
the Court of Appeals and Chief Justice of the State, 
all before he was 32 years of age ! In addition, in 
1802, he received a commission as Major of a battal- 
ion of Kentucky militia, and in 1804 was chosen a 
Presidential Elector, on the Jefferson and Clinton 
ticket. In 1806 he was a candidate for Congress, 
but withdrew on being promoted to the Court of 
Appeals. 

Illinois was organized as a separate Territory in 
the spring of 1809, when Mr. Edwards, then Chief 
[astice of the Court of Appeals in Kentucky, received 
from President Madison the appointment as Gover- 
nor of the new Territory, his commission bearing date 
April 24, 1809. Edwards arrived at Kaskaskia in 
June, and on the i ith of that month took the oath of 
office. At the same time he was appointed Superin- 
tendent of the United States Saline, this Government 
interest then developing into considerable proportions 
in Southern Illinois. Although during the first three 
years of his administration he had the power to make 
new counties and appoint all the officers, yet he always 
allowed the people of each county, by an informal 



** 



119 







i 



120 



NINIAN EDWARDS. 



vote, to select their own officers, both civil and mili- 
tary. The noted John J. Crittenden, afterward 
United States Senator from Kentucky, was appointed 
by Gev. Edwards to the office of Attorney General of 
the Territory, which office was accepted for a short 
time only. 

The Indians in 1810 committing sundry depreda- 
tions in the Territory, crossing the Mississippi from 
the Territory of Louisiana, a long correspondence fol- 
lowed between the respective Governors concerning 
the remedies, which ended in a council with the sav- 
ages at Peoria in 1812, and a fresh interpretation of 
the treaties. Peoria was depopulated by these de- 
predations, and was not re-settled for many .years 
afterward. 

As Gov. Edwards' term of office expired by law in 
1812, he was re-appointed for another term of three 
years, and again in 1815 for a third term, serving 
until the organization of the State in the fall of 1818 
and the inauguration of Gov. Bond. At this time 
ex-Gov. Edwards was sent to the United States 
Senate, his colleague being Jesse B. Thomas. As 
Senator, Mr. Edwards took a conspicuous part, and 
7 acquitted himself honorably in all the measures that 
f came up in that body, being well posted, an able de- 
bater and a conscientious statesman. He, thought 
seriously of resigning this situation in 1821, but was 
persuaded by his old friend, Wm. Wirt, and others to 
continue in office, which he did to the end of the 
term. 

He was then appointed Minister to Mexico by 
President Monroe. About this time, it appears that 
Mr. Edwards saw suspicious signs in the conduct of 
Wm. H. Crawford, Secretary of the United States 
Treasury, and an ambitious candidate for the Presi- 
dency, and being implicated by the latter in some of 
his statements, he resigned his Mexican mission in 
order fully to investigate the charges. The result 
was the exculpation of Mr. Edwards. 

Pro-slavery regulations, often termed "Black Laws," 
disgraced the statute books of both the Territory and 
the State of Illinois during the whole of his career in 
this commonwealth, and Mr. Edwards always main- 
tained the doctrines of freedom, and was an important 
actor in the great struggle which ended in a victory 
for his par f y in 1824. 

In 1826-7 the Winnebago and other Indians com- 
mitted soir.e depredations in the northern part of the 



State, and the white settlers, who desired the lands 
and wished to exasperate the savages into an evacu- 
ation of the country, magnified the misdemeanors of 
the aborigines and thereby produced a hostility be- 
tween the races so great as to precipitate a little war, 
known in history as the "Winnebago War." A few 
chases and skirmishes were had, when Gen. Atkinson 
succeeded in capturing Red Bird, the Indian chief, 
and putting him to death, thus ending the contest, at 
least until the troubles commenced which ended in 
the "Black Hawk War" of 1832. In the interpre- 
tation of treaties and execution of their provisions 
Gov. Edwards had much vexatious work to do. The 
Indians kept themselves generally within the juris- 
diction of Michigan Territory, and its Governor, 
Lewis Cass, was at a point so remote that ready cor- 
respondence with him was difficult or impossible. 
Gov. Edwards' administration, however, in regard to 
the protection of the Illinois frontier, seems to have 
been very efficient and satisfactory. 

For a considerable portion of his time after his re- 
moval to Illinois, Gov. Edwards resided upon his 
farm near Kaskaskia, which he had well stocked with 
horses, cattle and sheep from Kentucky, also with 
fruit-trees, grape-vines and shrubbery. He estab- 
lished saw and grist-mills, and engaged extensively 
in mercantile business, having no less than eight or ten 
stores in this State and Missouri. Notwithstanding 
the arduous duties of his office, he nearly always pur- 
chased the goods himself with which to supply the 
stores. Although not a regular practitioner of medi- 
cine, he studied the healing art to a considerable ex- 
tent, and took great pleasure in prescribing for, and 
taking care of, the sick, generally without charge. 
He was also liberal to the poor, several widows and 
ministers of the gospel becoming indebted to him 
even for their homes. 

He married Miss Elvira Lane, of Maryland, in 
1803, and they became the affectionate parents of 
several children, one of whom, especially, is well 
known to the people of the l; Prairie State," namely, 
Ninian Wirt Edwards, once the Superintendent of 
Public Instruction and still a resident of Springfield. 
Gov. Edwards resided at and in the vicinity of Kas- 
kaskia from 1809 to 1818; in Edwardsville (named 
after him) from that time to 1824; and from the lat- 
ter date at Belleville, St. Clair County, until his 
death, July 20, 1833, of Asiatic cholera. Edwards 
County is also named in his honor. 




I" 



GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 





j : OHN REYNOLDS, Governor 1831- 

4, was born in Montgomery Coun- 
ty, Pennsylvania, Feb. 26, 1788. 
His father, Robert Reynolds and 
his mother, nee Margaret Moore, 
were both natives of Ireland, from 
which country they emigrated to 
the United States in 1785, land- 
ing at Philadelphia. The senior 
Reynolds entertained an undying 
hostility to the British Govern- 
ment. When the subject of this 
sketch was about six months old, 
his parents emigrated with him to 
Tennessee, where many of their 
relatives had already located, at the base of the 
Copper Ridge Mountain, about 14 miles northeast of 
the present city of Knoxville. There they were ex- 
posed to Indian depredations, and were much molest- 
ed by them. In 1794 they moved into the interior 
of the State. They were poor, and brought up their 
children to habits of manual industry. 

In 1800 the family removed to Kaskaskia, 111., with 
eight horses and two wagons, encountering many 
hardships on the way. Here young Reynolds passed 
the most of his childhood, while his character began 
to develop, the most prominent traits of which were 
ambition and energy. He also adopted the principle 
and practice of total abstinence from intoxicating 
liquors. In 1807 the family made another removal, 



this time to the " Goshen Settlement," at the foot of 
the Mississippi bluffs three or four miles southwest 
of Edwardsville. 

On arriving at his 2oth year, Mr. Reynolds, seeing 
that he must look about for his own livelihood and 
not yet having determined what calling to pursue, 
concluded first to attend college, and he accordingly 
went to such an institution of learning, near Knox- 
ville, Tenn., where he had relatives. Imagine his 
diffidence, when, after passing the first 20 years of 
his life without ever having seen a carpet, a papered 
wall or a Windsor chair, and never having lived in a 
shingle-roofed house, he suddenly ushered himself 
into the society of the wealthy in the vicinity of 
Knoxville! He attended college nearly two years, 
going through the principal Latin authors; but it 
seems that he, like the rest of the world in modern 
times, had but very little use for his Latin in after 
life. He always failed, indeed, to exhibit any good 
degree of literary discipline. He commenced the 
study of law in Knoxville, but a pulmonary trouble 
came on and compelled him to change his mode 
of life. Accordingly he returned home and re- 
cuperated, and in 1812 resumed his college and 
law studies at Knoxville. In the fall of 1812 he was 
admitted to the Bar at Kaskaskia. About this time 
he also learned the French language, which he 
practiced with pleasure in conversation with his 
family for many years. He regarded this language 
as being superior to all others for social intercourse. 




124 



JOHN REYNOLDS. 



From his services in the West, in the war of 1812, 
he obtained the sobriquet of the " Old Ranger." He 
was Orderly Sergeant, then Judge Advocate. 

Mr. Reynolds opened his first law office in the 
winter and spring of 1814, in the French village of 
Cahokia, then the capital of St. Clair County. 

In the fall of 1818 he was elected an Associate 
Justice upon the Supreme Bench by the General 
Assembly. In 1825 he entered more earnestly than 
ever into the practice of law, and the very next year 
was elected a member of the Legislature, where he 
acted independently of all cliques and private inter- 
ests. In 1828 the Whigs and Democrats were for 
the first time distinctively organized as such in Illi- 
nois, and the usual party bitterness grew up and 
raged on all sides, while Mr. Reynolds preserved a 
judicial calmness and moderation. The real animus 
of the campaign was " Jackson " and " anti-Jackson," 
the former party carrying the State. 

In August, 1830, Mr. Reynolds was elected Gov- 
ernor, amid great excitement. Installed in office, he 
did all within his power to advance the cause of edu- 
cation, internal improvements, the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal, the harbor at Chicago, settling the coun- 
try, etc.; also reccmmended the winding up of the 
State Bank, as its affairs had become dangerously 
complicated. In his national politics, he was a 
moderate supporter of General Jackson. But the 
most celebrated event of his gubernatorial admin- 
istration was the Black Hawk War, which occurred 
in 1832. He called out the militia and prosecuted 
the contest with commendable diligence, appearing 
in person on the battle-grounds during the most 
critical periods. He was recognized by the President 
as Major-General, and authorized by him to make 
treaties witli the Indians. By the assistance of the 
general Government the war was terminated without 
much bloodshed, but after many serious fights. This 
war, as well as everything else, was materially re- 
tarded by the occurrence of Asiatic cholera in the 
West. This was its first appearance here, and was 
the next event in prominence during Gov. Reynolds' 
term. 

South Carolina nullification coming up at this time, 
it was heartily condemned by both President Jackson 
and Gov. Reynolds, who took precisely the same 
grounds as the Unionists in the last war. 

On the termination of his gubernatorial term in 
1834, Gov. Reynolds was elected a Member of Con- 
gress, still considering himself a backwoodsman, as 
he had scarcely been outside of the State since he 
became of age, and had spent nearly all his youthful 
days in the wildest region of the frontier. His first 
move in Congress was to adopt a resolution that in 
all elections made by the House for officers the votes 
should be given viva voce, each member in his place 
naming aloud the person for whom he votes. This 
created considerable heated discussion, but was es- 



sentially adopted, and remained the controlling prin- 
ciple for many years. The ex-Governor was scarcely 
absent from his seat a single day, during eight ses- 
sions of Congress, covering a period of seven years, 
and he never vacillated in a party vote; but he failed 
to get the Democratic party to foster his "National 
Road" scheme. He says, in "My Own Times" (a 
large autobiography he published), that it was only 
by rigid economy that he avoided insolvency while in 
Washington. During his sojourn in that city he was 
married, to a lady of the place. 

In 1837, while out of Congress, and in company 
with a few others, he built the first railroad in the 
Mississippi Valley, namely, one about six miles long, 
leading from his coal mine in the Mississippi bluff to 
the bank of the river opposite St. Louis. Having not 
the means to purchase a locomotive, they operated it 
by horse-power. The next spring, however, the com- 
pany sold out, at great sacrifice. 

In 1839 the ex-Governor was appointed one of the 
Canal Commissioners, and authorized to borrow 
money to proseeute the enterprise. Accord' ngly, he 
repaired to Philadelphia and succeeding in obtaining 
a million dollars, which, however, was only a fourth 
of what was wanted. The same year he and his 
wife made at our of Europe. This year, also, Mr. 
Reynolds had the rather awkward little responsibility 
of introducing to President Van Buren the noted 
Mormon Prophet, Joseph Smith, as a " Latter-Day 
Saint ! " 

In 1846 Gov. Reynolds was elected a member of 
the Legislature from St. Clair County, more particu- 
larly for the purpose of obtaining a feasible charter 
for a macadamized road from Belleville to St. Louis, 
a distance of nearly 14 miles. This was immediately 
built, and was the first road of the kind in the State. 
He was again elected to the Legislature in 1852, when 
he was chosen Speaker of the House. In 1860, aged 
and infirm, he attended the National Democratic 
Convention at Charleston, S. C., as an anti-Douglas 
Delegate, where he received more attention from the 
Southern Delegates than any other member. He 
supported Breckenridge for the Presidency. After 
the October elections foreshadowed the success of 
Lincoln, he published an address urging the Demo- 
crats to rally to the support of Douglas. Immedi- 
ately preceding and during the late war, his corre- 
spondence evinced a clear sympathy for the Southern 
secession, and about the first of March, 1861, he 
urged upon the Buchanan officials the seizure of the 
treasure and arms in the custom-house and arsenal 
at St. Louis. Mr. Reynolds was a rather talkative 
man, and apt in all the Western phrases and catch- 
words that ever gained currency, besides many cun- 
ning and odd ones of his own manufacture. 

He was married twice, but had no children. He 
died in Belleville, in May, 1865, just after the close 
of the war. 







' 





. 



GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



127 




ILLIAM LEE U. EWING, 
Governor of Illinois Nov. 3 
to 17, 1834, was a native 
of Kentucky, and probably 
of Scotch ancestry. He had 
a fine education, was a gentle- 
man of polished manners and 
refined sentiment. In 1830 John Rey- 
nolds was elected Governor of the State, 
and Zadok Casey Lieutenant Governor, 
and for the principal events that followed, 
and the characteristics of the times, see 
sketch of Gov. Reynolds. The first we 
see in history concerning Mr. Ewing, in- 
forms us that he was a Receiver of Public 
Moneys at Vandalia soon after the organization of 
this State, and that the public moneys in his hands 
were deposited in various banks, as they are usually 
at the present day. In 1823 the State Bank was 
robbed, by which disaster Mr. Ewing lost a thousand- 
dollar deposit. 

The subject of this sketch had a commission as 
Colonel in the Black Hawk War, and in emergencies 
he acted also as Major. In the summer of r832, 
when it was rumored among the whites that Black 
Hawk and his men had encamped somewhere on 
Rock River, Gen. Henry was sent on a tour of 
reconnoisance, and with orders to drive the Indians 
from the State. After some opposition from his 
subordinate officers, Henry resolved to proceed up 
Rock River in search of the enemy. On the igth of 
July, early in the morning, five baggage wagons. 



camp equipage and all heavy and cumbersome arti- 
cles were piled up and left, so that the army might 
make speedy and forced marches. For some miles 
the travel was exceedingly bad, crossing swamps 
and the worst thickets ; but the large, fresh trail 
gave life and animation to the Americans. Gen. 
Dodge and Col. Ewing were both acting as Majors, 
and composed the " spy corps " or vanguard of the < 
army. It is supposed the army marched nearly 50 
miles this day, and the Indian trail they followed 
became fresher, and was strewed with much property 
and trinkets of the red-skim that they had lost or 
thrown away to hasten their march. During the 
following night there was a terrific thunder-storm, and 
the soldiery, with all their appurtenances, were thor- 
oughly drenched. 

On approaching nearer the Indians the next day. 
Gen. Dodge and Major Ewing, each commanding a 
battalion of men, were placed in front to bring on the 
battle, but the savages were not overtaken this day 
Forced marches were continued until they reached. 
Wisconsin River, where a veritable battle ensued, 
resulting in the death of about 68 of Black Hawk's 
men. The next day they continued the chase, and 
as soon as he discovered the trail of the Indians 
leading toward the Mississippi, Maj. Ewing formed 
his battalion in order of battle and awaited the order 
of Gen. Henry. The latter soon appeared on the 
ground and ordered a charge, which directly resulted 
in chasing the red warriors across the great river. 
Maj. Ewing and his command proved particularly 
efficient in war, as it seems they were the chief actors 
in driving the main body of the Sacs and Foxes,, in- 






128 



WILLIAM L. D. EWING. 



eluding Black Hawk himself, across the Mississippi, 
while Gen. Atkinson, commander-in-chief of the ex- 
pedition, with a body of the army, was hunting for 
them in another direction. 

In the above affair Maj. Ewing is often referred to 
as a " General," which title he had derived from his 
connection with the militia. 

It was in the latter part of the same year (1832) 
that Lieutenant Governor Casey was elected to Con- 
gress and Gen. Ewing, who had been elected to the 
Senate, was chosen to preside over that body. At 
the August election of 1834, Gov. Reynolds was also 
elected to Congress, more than a year ahead of the 
time at which he could actually take his seat, as was 
then the law. His predecessor, Charles Slade, had 
just died of Asiatic cholera, soon after the elec- 
tion, and Gov. Reynolds was chosen to serve out his 
unexpired term. Accordingly he set out for Wash- 
ington in November of that year to take his seat in 
Congress, and Gen. Ewing, by virtue of his office as 
President of the Senate, became Governor of the 
State of Illinois, his term covering only a period of 
15 days, namely, from the 3d to the i;th days, in- 
clusive, of November. On the iyth the Legislature 
met, and Gov. Ewing transmitted to that body his 
message, giving a statement of the condition of the 
affairs of the State at that time, and urging a contin- 
uance of the policy adopted by his predecessor ; and 
on the same day Governor elect Joseph Duncan 
was sworn into office, thus relieving Mr. Ewing from 



the responsible situation. This is the only time that 
such a juncture has happened in the history of Illi- 
nois. 

On the 2 Qth of December, 1835, Gen. Ewing was 
elected a United States Senator to serve out the 
unexpired term of Elias Kent Kane, deceased. The 
latter gentleman was a very prominent figure in the 
early politics of Illinois, and a county in this State is 
named in his honor. The election of Gen. Ewing to 
the Senate was a protracted struggle. His competi- 
tors were James Semple, who afterwards held several 
important offices in this State, and Richard M. 
Young, afterward a United States Senator and a 
Supreme Judge and a man of vast influence. On 
the first ballot Mr. Semple had 25 votes, Young 19 
and Ewing 18. On the eighth ballot Young was 
dropped ; the ninth and tenth stood a tie ; but on 
the 1 2th Ewing received 40, to Semple 37, and was 
accordingly declared elected. In 1837 Mr. Ewing 
received some votes for a continuance of his term in 
Congress, when Mr. Young, just referred to, was 
elected. In 1842 Mr. Ewing was elected State 
Auditor on the ticket with Gov. Ford. 

Gen. Ewing was a gentleman of culture, a lawyer 
by profession, and was much in public life. In person 
he was above medium height and of heavy build, 
with auburn hair, blue eyes, large-sized head and 
short face. He was genial, social, friendly and 
affable, with fair talent, though of no high degree of 
originality. He died March 25, 1846. 




* 



GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 





-887- ijl 



OSEPH DUNCAN, Governor 
1834-8, was born at Paris, 
Ky., Feb. 23, 1794. At the 
tender age of 19 years he en- 
listed in the war against Great 
Britain, and as a soldier he 
acquitted himself with credit. He 
was an Ensign under the daunt- 
less Croghan at Lower Sandusky, 
or Fort Stephenson. In Illinois 
lie first appeared in a public capa- 
city as Major-General of the Militia, 
a. position which his military fame 
had procured him. Subsequently 
he became a State Senator from 
Jackson County, and is honorably 
mentioned for introducing the first bill providing for 
a free-school system. In 1826, when the redoubt- 
able John P. Cook, who had previously beaten such 
men as John McLean, Elias Kent Kane and ex- 
Gov. Bond, came up for the fourth time for Congress, 
Mr. Duncan was brought forward against him by his 
friends, greatly to the surprise of all the politicians. 
As yet he was but little known in the State. He was 
an original Jackson man at that time, being attached 
to his political fortune in admiration of the glory of 
his military achievements. His chances of success 
against Cook were generally regarded as hopeless, 
but he entered upon the campaign undaunted. His 
speeches, though short and devoid of ornament, were 
full of good sense. He made a diligent canvass of 
the State, Mr. Cook being hindered by the condition of 
his health. The most that was expected of Mr. 
Duncan, under the circumstances, was that he would 



obtain a respectable vote, but without defeating Mr. 
Cook. The result of the campaign, however, was a 
source of surprise and amazement to both friends 
and foes, as Mr. Duncan came out 641 votes ahead! 
He received 6,32 r votes, and Mr. Cook 5,680. Un- 
til this denouement, the violence of party feeling 
smoldering in the breasts of the people on account 
of the defeat of Jackson, was not duly appreciated. 
Aside from the great convention struggle of 1824, no 
other than mere local and penonal considerations 
had ever before controlled an election in Illinois. 

From the above date Mr. Duncan retained his 
seat in Congress until his election as Governor in 
August, 1834. The first and bloodless year of the 
Black Hawk War he was appointed by Gov. Rey- 
nolds to the position of Brigadier-General of the 
volunteers, and he conducted his brigade to Rock 
Island. But he was absent from the State, in Wash- 
ington, during the gubernatorial campaign, and did 
not personally participate in it, but addressed circu- 
lars to his constituents. His election was, indeed, 
attributed to the circumstance of his absence, be- 
cause his estrangement from Jackson, formerly his 
political idol, and also from the Democracy, largely 
in ascendency in the State, was complete ; but while 
his defection was well known to his Whig friends, 
and even to the leading Jackson men of this State, 
the latter were unable to carry conviction of that fact 
to the masses, as mail and newspaper facilities at 
that day were far inferior to those of the present 
time. Of course the Governor was much abused 
afterward by the fossilized Jackson men who re- 
garded party ties and affiliations as above all 
other issues that could arise; but he was doubtless 



f 



3 2 



JOSEPH D UNCA N. 



ncere in his opposition to the old hero, as the latter 
ad vetoed several important western measures 
hich were dear to Mr. Duncan. In his inaugural 
icssage he threw off the mask and took a bold stand 

igajnst the course of the President. The measures 
e recommended in his message, however, were so 

desirable that the Legislature, although by a large 
lajority consisting of Jackson men, could not refrain 
om endorsing them. These measures related 
lainly to banks and internal improvements. 
It was while Mr. Duncan was Governor that the 
eople of Illinois went whirling on with bank and in- 
:rnal improvement schemes that well nigh bank- 
jpted the State. The hard times of 1837 came on, 

md the disasters that attended the inauguration of 

icse plans and the operation of the banks were mu- 

lally charged upon the two political parties. Had 

ny one man autocratic power to introduce and 

arry on any one of these measures, he would proba- 

ly have succeeded to the satisfaction of the public ; 

t as many jealous men had hold of the same plow 

i ndle, no success followed and each blamed the other 

the failure. In this great vortex Gov. Duncan 

s carried along, suffering the like derogation of 

aracter with his fellow citizens. 

At the height of the excitement the Legislature 

Jrovided for " railroads from Galena to Cairo, Alton 

) Shawneetown, Alton to Mount Carmel, Alton to the 

: astern boundary of the State in the direction of 
'erre Haute, Quincy via Springfield to the Wabash, 
loomington to Pekin, and Peoria to Warsaw, in all 

ix>ut 1,300 miles of road. It also provided for the 
nprovement of the navigation of the Kaskaskia. 
linois, Great and Little Wabash and Rock Rivers ; 

s so as a placebo, $200,000 in money were to be dis- 
ibuted to the various counties wherein no improve- 

n tents were ordered to be made as above. The 
itimate for the expenses for all these projects was 

placed at a little over $10,000,000, which was not 
lore than half enough! That would now be equal to 
tddling upon the State a debt of $225,000,000! It 

w as sufficient to bankrupt the State several times 
yer, even counting all the possible benefits. 
One of the most exciting events that ever occurred 

i this fair State was the murder of Elijah P. Love- 
y in the fall of 1837, at Alton, during Mr. Duncan's 
rm as Governor. Lovejoy was an " Abolitionist," 

z liting the Observer at that place, and the pro- 
avery slums there formed themselves into a mob, 



and after destroying successively three presses be- 
longing to Mr. Lovejoy, surrounded the warehouse 
where the fourth press was stored away, endeavoring 
to destroy it, and where Lovejoy and his friends 
were entrenching themselves, and shot and killed the 
brave reformer! 

About this time, also, the question of removing the 
State capital again came up, as the 20 years' limit for 
its existence at Vandalia was drawing to a close. 
There was, of course, considerable excitement over 
the matter, the two main points competing for it be- 
ing Springfield and Peoria. The jealousy of the lat- 
ter place is not even yet, 45 years afterward, fully 
allayed. 

Gov. Duncan's term expired in 1838. In 1842 
he was again proposed as a candidate for the Execu- 
tive chair, this time by the Whig party, against Adam 
W. Snyder, of St. Clair County, the nominee of the 
Democrats. Charles W. Hunter was a third candi- 
date for the same position. Mr. Snyder, however, died 
before the campaign had advanced very far, and his 
party substituted Thomas Ford, who was elected, 
receiving 46,901 votes, to 38,584 for Duncan, and 
909 for Hunter. The cause of Democratic success 
at this time is mainly attributed to the temporary 
support of the Mormons which they enjoyed, and the 
want of any knowledge, on the part of the masses, 
that Mr. Ford was opposed to any given policy en- 
tertained in the respective localities. 

Gov. Duncan was a man of rather limited educa- 
tion, but with naturally fine abilities he profited 
greatly by his various public services, and gathered 
a store of knowledge regarding public affairs which 
served him a ready purpose. He possessed a clear 
judgment, decision, confidence in himself and moral 
courage to carry out his convictions of right. In his 
deportment he was well adapted to gain the admira- 
tion of the people. His intercourse with them was 
both affable and dignified. His portrait at the Gov- 
ernor's mansion, from which the accompanying was 
made, represents him as having a swarthy complex- 
ion, high cheek bones, broad forehead, piercing black 
eyes and straight black hair. 

He was a liberal patron of the Illinois College at 
Jacksonville, a member of its Board of Trustees, and 
died, after a short illness, Jan. 15, 1844, a devoted 
member of the Presbyterian Church, leaving a wife 
but no children. Two children, born to them, had 
died in infancy. 



it 



GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 





HOMAS CARLIN, the sixth 
Governor of the State of 
Illinois, serving from 1838 
to 1842, was also a Ken- 
tuckian, being born near 
Frankfort, that State, July 
1 8, 1789, of Irish paternity. 
The opportunities for an education 
being very meager in his native 
place, he, on approaching years of 
judgment and maturity, applied 
himself to those branches of learn- 
ing that seemed most important, 
and thus became a self-made man ; 
and his taste for reading and 
study remained with him through 
life. In 1803 his father removed 
lo Missouri, then a part of " New Spain," where he 
died in 1810. 

In 1812 young Carlin came to Illinois and partici- 
pated in all the "ranging" service incident to the 
war of that period, proving himself a soldier of un- 
daunted bravery. In 1814 he married Rebecca 
Huitt, and lived for four years on the bank of the 
Mississippi River, opposite the mouth of the Mis- 
souri, where he followed farming, and then removed 
to Greene County. He located the town site of Car- 
rollton, in that county, and in 1825 made a liberal 
donation of land for county building purposes. He 
was the first Sheriff of that county after its separate 
organization, and afterward was twice elected, as a 
Jackson Democrat, to the Illinois Senate. In the 
Black Hawk War he commanded a spy battalion, a 
post of considerable danger. In 1834 he was ap- 
pointed by President Jackson to the position of 
Receiver of Public Moneys, and to fulfill the office 



more conveniently he removed to the city of QuincJ. 

While, in 1838, the unwieldy internal improvement 
system of the State was in full operation, with all it;s 
expensive machinery, amidst bank suspensions 
throughout the United States, a great stringency ih 
the money market everywhere, and Illinois bondb 
forced to sale at a heavy discount, and the " hardest 
times" existing that the people of the Prairie State 
ever saw, the general election of State officers was 
approaching. Discreet men who had cherished 1 1 
hope of a speedy subsidence of the public infatua- 
tion, met with disappointment. A Governor i 
Legislature were to be elected, and these were noV 
looked forward to for a repeal of the ruinous Sii t 
policy. But the grand scheme had not yet lost t 
dazzling influence upon the minds of the people 
Time and experience had not yet fully demonstratei 
its utter absurdity. Hence the question of arrestin 
its career of profligate expenditures did not becom 
a leading one with the dominant party during th 
campaign, and most of the old members of the Leg 
islature were returned at this election. 

Under these circumstances the Democratsvin Stat 
Convention assembled, nominated Mr. Carlin for th 
office of Governor, and S. H. Anderson for Lieuten 
ant Governor, while the Whigs nominated Cyrus Ed 
wards, brother of Ninian Edwards, formerly Governo 
and W. H. Davidson. Edwards came out strongljy 
for a continuance of the State policy, while Carlin 
remained non-committal. This was the first time 
that the two main political parties in this State were 
unembarrassed by any third party in the field. The 
result of the election was : Carlin, 35,573; Ander- 
son, 30,335; Edwards, 29,629; and Davidson, 28,- 

7M- 

Upon the meeting of the subsequent Legislature 
(1839), the retiring Governor (Duncan) in his mes- 



136 



THOMAS CARLIN. 



sage spoke in emphatic terms of the impolicy of the 
internal improvement system, presaging the evils 
threatened, and uiged that body to do their utmost 
to correct the great error ; yet, on the contrary, the 
Legislature not only decided to continue the policy 
but also added to its burden by voting more appro- 
priations and ordering more improvements. Although 
the money market was still stringent, a further loan 
of $4,000,000 was ordered for the Illinois & Mich- 
igan Canal alone. Ch'cago at that time began to 
loom up and promise to be an important city, even 
the great emporium of the West, as it has since in- 
deed came to be. Ex-Gov. Reynolds, an incompe- 
tent financier, was commissioned to effect the loan, 
and accordingly hastened to the East on this respons- 
ible errand, and negotiated the loans, at considera- 
ble sacrifice to the State. Besides this embarrassment 
to Carlin's administration, the Legislature also de- 
clared that he had no authority to appoint a Secretary 
of State until a vacancy existed, and A. P. Field, a 
Whig, who had already held the post by appointment 
through three administrations, was determined to 
keep the place a while longer, in spite of Gov. Car- 
lin's preferences. The course of the Legislature in 
this regard, however, was finally sustained by the 
Supreme Court, in a quo warranto case brought up 
before it by Jchn A. McClernand, whom the Gov- 
ernor had nominated for the office. Thereupon that 
dignified body was denounced as a "Whig Court!" 
endeavoring to establish the principle of life-tenure 
of office. 

A new law was adopted re-organizing the Judici- 
ary, and under it five additional Supreme Judges 
were elected by the Legislature, namely, Thomas 
Ford (afterward Governor), Sidney Breese, Walter B. 
Scales, Samuel H. Treat and Stephen A. Douglas 
all Democrats. 

It was during Cov. Carlin's administration that the 
noisy campaign of "Tippecanoe and Tyler too" oc- 
curred, resulting in a Whig victory. This, however, 
did not affect Illinois politics very seriously. 

Another prominent event in the West during Gov. 
Carlin's term of office was the excitement caused by 
the Mormons and their removal from Independence, 
Mo., to Nauvoo, 111., in 1840. At the same time 
they began to figure somewhat in State politics. On 
account of their believing as they thought, accord- 
ing to the New Testament that they should have 



" all things common," and that consequently " all 
the earth " and all that is upon it were the" Lord's " 
and therefore the property of his " saints," they 
were suspected, and correctly, too, of committing 
many of the deeds of larceny, robbery, etc., that 
were so rife throughout this country in those days. 
Hence a feeling of violence grew up between the 
Mormons and "anti-Mormons." In the State of 
Missouri the Mormons always supported the Dem- 
ocracy until they were driven out by the Democratic 
government, when they turned their support to the 
Whigs. They were becoming numerous, and in the 
Legislature of 1840-1, therefore, it became a matter 
of great interest with both parties to conciliate these 
people. Through the agency of one John C. Ben- 
nett, a scamp, the Mormons succeeded in rushing 
through the Legislature (both parties not daring to 
oppose) a charter for the city of Nauvoo which vir- 
tually erected a hierarchy co-ordinate with the Fed- 
eral Government itself. In the fall of 1841 the 
Governor of Missouri made a demand upon Gov. 
Carlin for the body of Joe Smith, the Mormon leader, 
as a fugitive from justice. Gov. Carlin issued the 
writ, but for some reason it was returned unserved. t 
It was again issued in 1842, and Smith was arrested, 
but was either rescued by his followers or discharged 
by the municipal court on a writ of habeas corpus. 

In December, 1841, the Democratic Convention 
nominated Adam W. Snyder, of Belleville, for Gov- 
ernor. As he had been, as A member of the Legisla- 
ture, rather friendly to the Mormons, the latter 
naturally turned their support to the Democratic 
party. The next spring the Whigs nominated Ex- 
Gov. Duncan for the same office. In the meantime 
the Mormons began to grow more odious to the 
masses of the people, and the comparative prospects 
of the respective parties for success became very 
problematical. Mr. Snyder died in May, and 
Thomas Ford, a Supreme Judge, was substituted as 
a candidate, and was elected. 

At the close of his gubernatorial term, Mr. Carlin 
removed back to his old home at Carrollton, where 
he spent the remainder of his life, as before his ele- 
vation to office, in agricultural pursuits. In 1849 
he served out the unexpired term of J. D. Fry in the 
Illinois House of Representatives, and died Feb. 4, 
1852, at his residence at Carrollton, leaving a wife 
and seven children. 







Ht 



Gt> VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 








k&AJi4^fe*&&fe^fe&4^&i^^4*^^ !! ^yyyyi=> 

- 5=5*-- ""ffurwgjj? 





JHOMAS FORW, Governor 
from 1842 to 1846, and au- 
thor of a very interesting 
history of Illinois, was born 
at Uniontown, Pa., in the 
year 1 800. His mother, after 
the death of her first hus- 
band (Mr. Forquer), married Rob- 
ert Ford, who was killed in 1802, 
by the Indians in the mountains 
of Pennsylvania. She was conse- 
quently left in indigent circum- 
stances, with a large family, mostly 
girls. With a view to better her 
condition, she, in 1804, removed to 
Missouri, where it had been cus- 
tomary by the Spanish Govern- 
ment to give land to actual settlers; but upon her 
arrival at St. Louis she found the country ceded to 
the United States, and the liberal policy toward set- 
tlers changed by the new ownership. After some 
sickness to herself and family, she finally removed to 
Illinois, and settled some three miles south of Water- 
loo, but the following year moved nearer the Missis- 
sippi bluffs. Here young Ford received his first 



schooling, under the instructions of a Mr. Humphrey^ 
for which he had to walk three miles. His mother, 
though lacking a thorough education, was a woman 
of superior mental endowments, joined to energy 
and determination of character. She inculcated in 
her children those high-toned principles which dis- 
tinguished her sons in public life. She exercised a 
rigid economy to provide her children an education ; 
but George Forquer, her oldest son (six years older 
than Thomas Ford), at an early age had to quit 
school to aid by his labor in the support of the family. 
He afterward became an eminent man in Illinois 
affairs, and but for his early death would probably 
have been elected to the United States Senate. 

Young Ford, with somewhat better opportunities, 
received a better education, though limited to the 
curriculum of the common school of those pioneer 
times. His mind gave early promise of superior en- 
dowments, with an inclination for mathematics. His 
proficiency attracted the attention of Hon. Daniel P. 
Cook, who became his efficient patron and friend. 
The latter gentleman was an eminent Illinois states- 
man who, as a Member of Congress, obtained a grant 
of 300,000 acres of land to aid in completing the 
Illinois & Michigan Canal, and after whom the 
county of Cook was named. Through the advice of 



140 



THOMAS FORD. 



this gentleman, Mr. Ford turned his attention to the 
study of law; but Forquer, then merchandising, re- 
garding his education defective, sent him to Transyl- 
vania University, where, however, he remained but 
one term, owing to Forquer's failure in business. On 
his return he alternated his law reading with teach- 
ing school for support. 

In 1829 Gov. EdVards appointed him Prosecuting 
Attorney, and in 1831 he was re-appointed by Gov. 
Reynolds, and after that he was four times elected a 
Judge by the Legislature, without opposition, twice a 
Circuit Judge, once a Judge of Chicago, and as As- 
sociate Judge of the Supreme Court, when, in 1841, 
the latter tribunal was re-organized by the addition 
of five Judges, all Democrats. Ford was assigned to 
the Ninth Judicial Circuit, and while in this capacity 
he was holding Court in Ogle County he received a 
notice of his nomination by the Democratic Conven- 
tion for the office of Governor. He immediately re- 
signed his place and entered upon the canvass. In 
August, 1842, he was elected, and on the 8th of De- 
cember following he was inaugurated. 

All the offices which he had held were unsolicited 
by him. He received them upon the true Jefferson- 
ian principle, Never to ask and never to refuse 
office. Both as a lawyer and as a Judge he stood 
deservedly high, but his cast of intellect fitted him 
rather for a writer upon law than a practicing advo- 
cate in the courts. In the latter capacity he was void 
of the moving power of eloquence, so necessary to 
success with juries. As a Judge his opinions were 
sound, lucid and able expositions of the law. In 
practice, he was a stranger to the tact, skill and in- 
sinuating address of the politician, but he saw through 
the arts of demagogues as well as any man. He was 
plain in his demeanor, so much so, indeed, that at 
one time after the expiration of his term of office, 
during a session of the Legislature, he was taken by 
a stranger to be a seeker for the position of door- 
keeper, and was waited upon at his hotel near mid- 
night by a knot of small office-seekers with the view 
of effecting a " combination ! " 

Mr. Ford had not the " brass " of the ordinary 
politician, nor that impetuosity which characterizes a 
political leader. He cared little for money, and 
hardly enough for a decent support. In person he 
was of small stature, slender, of dark complexion, 
with black hair, sharp features, deep-set eyes, a 
pointed, aquiline nose having a decided twist to one 
side, and a small mouth. 

The three most important events in Gov. Ford's 
administration were the establishment of the high 
financial credit of the State, the " Mormon War "and 
the Mexican War. 

In the first of these the Governor proved himself 
to be eminently wise. On coming into office he found 
the State badly paralyzed by the ruinous effects of 
the notorious "internal improvement" schemes of 



the preceding decade, with scarcely anything to 
show by way of "improvement." The enterprise 
that seemed to be getting ahead more than all the 
rest was the Illinois & Michigan Canal. As this 
promised to be the most important thoroughfare, 
feasible to the people, it was well under headway in 
its construction. Therefore the State policy was 
almost concentrated upon it, in order to rush it on to 
completion. The bonded indebtedness of the State 
was growing so large as to frighten the people, and 
they were about ready to entertain a proposition for 
repudiation. But the Governor had the foresight to 
recommend such measures as would maintain the 
public credit, for which every citizen to-day feels 
thankful. 

But perhaps the Governor is remembered more for 
his connection with the Mormon troubles than foi 
anything else; for it was during his term of office 
that the " Latter-Day Saints " became so strong at 
Nauvoo, built their temple there, increased their num- 
bers throughout the country, committed misdemean- 
ors, taught dangerous doctrines, suffered the loss o 
their leader, Jo Smith, by a violent death, were driver 
out of Nauvoo to the far West, etc. Having been \t 
Judge for so many years previously, Mr. Ford 1 01 
course was non-committal concerning Mormon affairs 
and was therefore claimed by both parties and a;ls< 
accused by each of sympathizing too greatly with^ht 
other side. Mormonism claiming to be a system' o 
religion, the Governor no doubt was " between tw< 
fires," and felt compelled to touch the matter rathe 
" gingerly," and doubtless felt greatly relieved whei 
that pestilential people left the State. Such compji- 
cated matters, especially when religion is mixed uj 
with them, expose every person participating ir 
them to criticism from all parties. 

The Mexican War was begun in the spring o 
1845, and was continued into the gubernatorial tern 
of Mr. Ford's successor. The Governor's connectioi 
with this war, however, was not conspicuous, as i 
was only administrative, commissioning officers, etc 

Ford's " History of Illinois " is a very readable anc 
entertaining work, of 450 small octavo pages, and i 
destined to increase in value with the lapse of time 
It exhibits a natural flow of compact arid forcibl 
thought, never failing to convey the nicest sense. Ii 
tracing with his trenchant pen the devious operation 
of the professional politician, in which he is inimit 
able, his account is open, perhaps, to the objectioi 
that all his contemporaries are treated as mere place 
seekers, while many of them have since been judge 
by the people to be worthy statesmen. His writing 
seem slightly open to the criticism that they exhiljii 
a little splenetic partiality against those of his con 
temporaries who were prominent during his term 
office as Governor. 

The death of Gov. Ford took place at Peoria, Il|l 
; Nov. 2, 1850. 



bt fit 



-3- 




GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



143 



Augustus C. French 




UGUSTUS C. FRENCH, 
Governor of Illinois from 
1846 to 1852, was born in 
the town of Hill, in the 
State of New Hampshire, 
Aug. 2, 1808. He was a 
descendant in .the fourth 
generation of Nathaniel 
French, who emigrated from England 
in 1687 and settled in Saybury, Mass. 
In early life 'young French lost his 
father, but continued to receive in- 
struction from an exemplary and 
Christian mother until he was 19 years 
old, when she also died, confiding to 
his care and trust four younger broth- 
ers and one sister. He discharged his trust with 
parental devotion. His education in early life was 
such mainly as a common school afforded. For a 
brief period he attended Dartmouth College, but 
from pecuniary causes and the care of his brothers 
and sister, he did not graduate. He subsequently 
read law, and was admitted to the Bar in 1831, and 
shortly afterward removed to Illinois, settling first at 
Albion, Edwards County, where he established him- 
self in the practice of law. The following year he 
removed to Paris, Edgar County. Here he attained 
eminence in his profession, and entered public life 
representing that county in the Legislature. A 
Strong attachment sprang up between him and Ste- 
ihen A. Douglas. 

In 1839, Mr. French was appointed Receiver of 
tine United States Land Office at Palestine, Craw- 
fcrd County, at which place he was a resident when 



elevated to the gubernatorial chair. In 1844 he was 
a Presidential Elector, and as such he voted for 
James K. Polk. 

The Democratic State Convention of 1846, meet- 
ing at Springfield Feb. 10, nominated Mr. French 
for Governor. Other Democratic candidates were 
Lyman Trumbull, John Calhoun (subsequently of 
Lecompton Constitution notoriety), Walter B. Scales, 
Richard M. Young and A. W. Cavarly, an array of 
very able and prominent names. Trumbull was per- 
haps defeated in the Convention by the rumor that 
he was opposed to the Illinois and Michigan Canal, 
as he had been a year previously. For Lieutenant 
Governor J. B. Wells was chosen, while other candi- 
dates were Lewis Ross, Win. McMurtry, Newton 
Cloud, J. B. Hamilton and W. W. Thompson. The 
resolutions declared strongly against the resuscita- 
tion of the old State Banks. 

The Whigs, who were in a hopeless minority, held 
their convention June 8, at Peoria, and selected 
Thomas M. Kilpatrick, of Scott County, for Governor, 
and Gen. Nathaniel G. Wilcox, of Schuyler, for 
Lieutenant Governor. 

In the campaign the latter exposed Mr. French's 
record and connection with the passage of the in- 
ternal improvement system, urging it against his 
election ; but in the meantime the war with Mexico 
broke out, regarding which the Whig record was un- 
popular in this State. The war was the absorbing 
and dominating question of the period, sweeping 
every other political issue in its course. The elec- 
tion in August gave Mr. French 58,700 votes, and 
Kilpatrick only 36,775. Richard Eells, Abolitionist 
candidate for the same office, received 5,152 votes. 



144 



AUGUSTUS c. FRENCH: 



By the new Constitution of 1848, a new election for 
State officers was ordered in November of that year, 
before Gov. French's term was half out, and he was 
re-elected for the term of four years. He was there- 
fore the incumbent for six consecutive years, the 
only Governor of this State who has ever served in 
that capacity so long at one time. As there was no 
organized opposition to his election, he received 67,- 
453 votes, to 5,639 for Pierre Menard (son of the 
first Lieutenant Governor), 4,748 for Charles V. 
Dyer, 3,834 for W. L. D. Morrison, and 1,361 for 
James L. D. Morrison. But Wm. McMurtry, of 
Knox County, was elected Lieutenant Governor, in 
place of Joseph B. Wells, who was, before elected 
and did not run again. 

Governor French was inaugurated into office dur- 
ing the progress of the Mexican War, which closed 
during the summer of 1847, although the treaty of 
Guadalupe Hidalgo was not made until Feb. 2, 
1848. The policy of Gov. French's party was com- 
mitted to that war, but in connection with that affair 
he was, of course, only an administrative officer. 
During his term of office, Feb. 19, 1847, the Legisla- 
ture, by special permission of Congress, declared that 
all Government lands sold to settlers should be im- 
mediately subject to State taxation ; before this they 
were exempt for five years after sale. By this ar- 
rangement the revenue was materially increased. 
About the same time, the distribution of Government 
land warrants among the Mexican soldiers as bounty 
threw upon the market a great quantity of good 
lands, and this enhanced the settlement of the State. 
The same Legislature authorized, with the recom- 
mendation of the Governor, the sale of the Northern 
Cross Railroad (from Springfield to Meredosia, the 
first in the State and now a section of the Wabash, 
St. Louis & Pacific) It sold for $100,000 in bonds, 
although it had cost the State not less than a million. 
The salt wells and canal lands in the Saline reserve 
in Gallatin County, granted by the general Govern- 
ment to the State, were also authorized by the 
Governor to be sold, to apply on the State debt. In 
1850, for the first time since 1839, the accruing State 
revenue, exclusive of specific appropriations, was 
sufficient to meet the current demands upon the 
treasury. The aggregate taxable property of the 
State at this time was over $100,000,000, and the 
population 851,470. 



In 1849 the Legislature adopted the township or- 
ganization law, which, however, proved defective, 
and was properly amended in 1851. At its session 
in the latter year, the General Assembly also passed 
a law to exempt homesteads from sale on executions. 
This beneficent measure had been repeatedly urged 
upon that body by Gov. French. 

In 1850 some business men in St. Louis com- 
menced to build a dike opposite the lower part of 
their city on the Illinois side, to keep the Mississippi 
in its channel near St. Louis, instead of breaking 
away from them as it sometimes threatened to do. 
This they undertook without permission from the 
Legislature or Executive authority of this State ; and 
as many of the inhabitants there complained that 
the scheme would inundate and ruin much valuable 
land, there was a slight conflict of jurisdictions, re- 
sulting in favor of the St. Louis project; and since 
then a good site has existed there for a city (East St. 
Louis), and now a score of railroads center there. 

It was in September, 1850, that Conaress granted . 
to this State nearly 3,000,000 acres of land in aid of J 
the completion of the Illinois Central Railroad, ! 
which constituted the most important epoch in the ' 
railroad we might say internal improvement- his- 1 
tory of the State. The road was rushed on to com- 
pletion, which accelerated the settlement of the in- J 
terior of the State by a good c.ass of industrious citi- 
zens, and by the charter a good income to the State 
Treasury is paid in from the earnings of the road. 

In 185 i the Legislature passed a law authorizing 
free stock banks, which was the source of much leg- 
islative discussion for a number of years. 

But we have not space further to particularize 
concerning legislation. Gov. French's administra- 
tion was not marked by any feature to be criticised, 
while the country was settling up as never before. 

In stature, Gov. French was of medium height, 
squarely built, light complexioned, with ruddy face 
and pleasant countenance. In manners he was 
plain and agreeable. By rfature he was somewhat 
diffident, but he was often very outspoken in his con- 
victions of duty. In public speech he was not an 
orator, but was chaste, earnest and persuasive. In 
business he was accurate and methodical, and in his 
administration he kept up the credit of the State. 

He died in 1865, at his home in Lebanon, St. 
Clair Co., Ill, 








GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



147 





.OEL A. MATTESON, Governor 
1853-6, was born Aug. 8, 1808, 
in Jefferson County, New York, 
to which place his father had re- 
moved from Vermont three years 
before. His father was a farmer 
in fair circumstances, but a com- 
mon English education was all 
that his only son received. Young 
Joel first tempted fortune as a 
small tradesman in Prescott, 
Canada, before he was of age. 
He returned from that place to 
his home, entered an academy, 
taught school, visited the prin- 
cipal Eastern cities, improved a farm his father had 
given him, made a tour in the South, worked there 
in building railroads, experienced a storm on the 
Gulf of Mexico, visited the gold diggings of Northern 
Georgia, and returned via Nashville to St. Louis and 
through Illinois to his father's home, when he mar- 
ried. In 1833, having sold his farm, he removed, 
with his wife and one child, to Illinois, and entered 
a claim on Government land near the head of An 
Sable River, in what is now Kendall County. At 
that time there were not more than two neighbors 
within a range of ten miles of his place, and only 
three or four houses between him and Chicago. He 
opened a large farm. His family was boarded 12 



miles away while he erected a house on his claim, 
sleeping, during this time, under a rude pole shed. 
Here his life was once placed in imminent peril by 
a huge prairie rattlesnake sharing his bed. 

In 1835 he bought largely at the Government land 
sales. During the speculative real-estate mania which 
broke out in Chicago in 1836 and spread over the State, J 
he sold his lands under the inflation of that period 
and removed to Joliet. In 1838 he became a heavy 
contractor on the Illinois & Michigan Canal. Upon 
the completion of his job in 1841, when hard times 
prevailed, business at a stand, contracts paid in State 
scrip; when all the public works except the canal 
were abandoned, the State offered for sale 700 tons 
of railroad iron, which was purchased by Mr. Mat- 
teson at a bargain. This he accepted, shipped and 
sold at Detroit, realizing a very handsome profit, 
enough to pay off all his canal debts and leave him a 
surplus of several thousand dollars. His enterprise 
next prompted him to start a woolen mill at Joliet, 
in which he prospered, and which, after successive 
enlargements, became an enormous establishment. 

In 1842 he was first elected a State Senator, but, 
by a bungling apportionment, John Pearson, a Senator 
holding over, was found to be in the same district, 
and decided to be entitled to represent it. Mat- 
teson's seat was declared vacant. Pearson, however, 
with a nobleness difficult to appreciate in this day of 







148 



JOEL A. MATTESON. 



greed for office, unwilling to represent his district 
under the circumstances, immediately resigned his 
unexpired term of two years. A bill was passed in a 
few hours ordering a new election, and in ten days' 
time Mr. Matteson was returned re-elected and took 
his seat as Senator. From his well-known capacity 
as a business man, he was made Chairman of the 
Committee on Finance, a position he held during 
this half and two full succeeding Senatorial terms, 
discharging its important duties with ability and faith- 
fulness. Besides his extensive woolen-mill interest, 
when work was resumed on the canal under the new 
loan of $1,600,000 he again became a heavy con- 
tractor, and also subsequently operated largely in 
building railroads. Thus he showed himself a most 
energetic and thorough business man. 

He was nominated for Governor by the Demo- 
cratic State Convention which met at Springfield 
April 20, 1852. Other candidates before the Con- 
vention were D. L. Gregg and F. C. Sherman, of 
Cook ; John Dement, of Lee ; Thomas L. Harris, of 
Menard ; Lewis W. Ross, of Fulton ; and D. P. Bush, 
of Pike. Gustavus Koerner, of St. Clair, was nom- 
inated for Lieutenant Governor. For the same offices 
the Whigs nominated Edwin B. Webb and Dexter A. 
Knowlton. Mr. Matteson received 80,645 votes at 
the election, while Mr. Webb received 64,408. Mat- 
teson "s forte was not on the stump; he had not cul- 
tivated the art of oily flattery, or the faculty of being 
all things to all men. His intellectual qualities took 
rather the direction of efficient executive ability. His 
turn consisted not so much in the adroit manage- 
ment of party, or the powerful advocacy of great gov- 
ernmental principles, as in those more solid and 
enduring operations which cause the physical devel- 
opment and advancement of a State, of commerce 
and business enterprise, into which he labored with 
success to lead the people. As a politician he was 
just and liberal in his views, and both in official and 
private life he then stood untainted and free from 
blemish. As a man, in active benevolence, social 
rirtues and all the amiable qualities of neighbor or 
citizen, he had few superiors. His messages present 
a perspicuous array of facts as to the condition of the 
State, and are often couched in forcible and elegant 
diction. 

The greatest excitement during his term of office 
was the repeal of the Missouri Compromise, by Con- 



gress, under the leadership of Stephen A. Douglas in 
1854, when the bill was passed organizing the Terri- 
tory of Kansas and Nebraska. A large portion of 
the Whig party of the North, through their bitter op- 
position to the Democratic party, naturally drifted 
into the doctrine of anti-slavery, and thus led to what 
was temporarily called the " Anti-Nebraska " party, 
while the followers of Douglas were known as " Ne- 
braska or Douglas Democrats." It was during this 
embryo stage of the Republican party that Abraham 
Lincoln was brought forward as the "Anti-Nebraska " 
candidate for the United States Senatorship, while 
Gen. James Shields, the incumbent, was re-nom- 
inated by the Democrats. But after a few ballotings 
in the Legislature (1855), these men were dropped, 
and Lyman Trumbull, an Anti-Nebraska Democrat, 
was brought up by the former, and Mr. Matteson, 
then Governor, by the latter. On the nth ballot 
Mr. Trumbull obtained one majority, and was ac- 
cordingly declared elected. Before Gov. Matteson 's 
term expired, the Republicans were fully organized 
as a national party, and in r856 put into the field a 
full national and State ticket, carrying the State, but 
not the nation. 

The Legislature of r855 passed two very import- 
ant measures, the present free-school system and a 
submission of the Maine liquor law to a vote of the 
people. The latter was defeated by a small majority 
of the popular vote. 

During the four years of Gov. Matteson 's admin- 
istration the taxable wealth of the State was about 
trebled, from $137,818,07910 $349,951,272; the pub- 
lic debt was reduced from $17,398,985 to $12,843,- 
144; taxation was at the same time reduced, and the 
State resumed paying interest on its debt in New 
York as fast as it fell due ; railroads were increased 
in their mileage from something less than 400 to 
about 3,000 ; and the population of Chicago was 
nearly doubled, and its commerce more than quad- 
rupled. 

Before closing this account, we regret that we have 
to say that Mr. Matteson, in all other respects an 
upright man and a good Governor, was implicated 
in a false re-issue of redeemed canal scrip, amount- 
ing to $224,182.66. By a suit in the Sangamon Cir- 
cuit Court the State recovered the principal and all 
the interest excepting $27,500. 

He died in the winter of 1872-3, at Chicago. 



: 



l? J JVUttlll 









GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



'5' 





I LLIAM H. BISSELL, Gov- 
ernor 1857-60, was born 
April 25, 1811, in the 
State of New York, near 
Painted Post, Yates County. 
His parents were obscure, 
honest, God-fearing people, 
ho reared their children under trie daily 
example of industry and frugality, accord- 
ing to the custom othat class of Eastern 
society. Mr. Bissell received a respecta- 
ble but not thorough academical education. 
By assiduous application he acquired a 
knowledge of medicine, and in his early 
manhood came West and located in Mon- 
roe County, this State, where he engaged in the 
practice of that profession. But he was not enam- 
ored of his calling: he was swayed by a broader 
ambition, to such an extent that the mysteries of the 
healing art and its arduous duties failed to yield him 
further any charms. In a few years he discovered 
his choice of a 'profession to be a- mistake, and, when 
he approached the age of 30 he sought to begin 
anew. Dr. Bissell, no doubt unexpectedly to him- 
self, discovered a singular facility and charm of 
speech, the exercise of which acquired for him a 
ready local notoriety. It soon came lo be under- 



stood that he desired to abandon his profession and 
take up that of the law. During terms of Court he { 
would spend his time at the county seat among the * 
members of the Bar, who extended to him a ready 
welcome. 

It was not strange, therefore, that he should drift 
into public life. In 1840 he was elected as a Dem- 
ocrat to the Legislature from Monroe County, and 
was an efficient member of that body. On his re- 
turn home he qualified himself for admission to the 
Bar and speedily rose to the front rank as an advo- 
cate. His powers of oratory were captivating. With a 
pure diction, charming and inimitable gestures, 
clearness of statement, and a remarkable vein of sly 
humor, his efforts before a jury told with irresistible 
effect. He was chosen by the Legislature Prosecut- 
ing Attorney for the Circuit in which he lived, and 
in that position he fully discharged his duty to the 
State, gained the esteem of the Bar, and seldom 
failed to convict the offender of the law. 

In_ stature he was somewhat tall and slender, and 
with a straight, military bearing, he presented a dis- 
tinguished appearance. His complexion was dark, 
his head well poised, though not large, his address 
pleasant and manner winning. He was exemplary 
in his habits, a devoted husband and kind parent. 
He was twice married, the first time to Miss James, 



A' 



WILLIAM H. BISSELL, 



of Monroe County, by whom he had two children, 
both daughters. She died soon after the year 1840, 
and Mr. B. married for his second wife a daughter 
of Elias K. Kane, previously a United States Senator 
from this State. She survived him but a short time, 
and died without issue. 

When the war with Mexico was declared in 1846, 
Mr. Bissell enlisted and was elected Colonel of his 
regiment, over Hon. Don Morrison, by an almost 
unanimous vote, 807 to 6. Considering the limited 
opportunities he had had, he evinced a high order of 
military talent. On the bloody field of Buena Vista 
he acquitted himself with intrepid and distinguished 
ability, contributing with his regiment, the Second 
Illinois, in no small degree toward saving the waver- 
ing fortunes of our arms during that long and fiercely 
contested battle. 

After his return home, at the close of the war, he 

was elected to Congress, his opponents being the 

. Hons. P. B. Fouke and Joseph Gillespie. He served 

two terms in Congress. He was an ardent politician. 

During the great contest of 1850 he voted in favor 

of the adjustment measures; but in 1854 he opposed 

the repeal of the Missouri Compromise act and 

therefore the Kansas-Nebraska bill of Douglas, and 

thus became identified with the nascent Republican 

party. 

During his first Congressional term, while the 
Southern members were following their old practice 
of intimidating the North by bullying language, 
and claiming most of the credit for victories in the 
Mexican War, and Jefferson Davis claiming for the 
Mississippi troops all the credit for success at Buena 
Vista, Mr. Bissell bravely defended the Northern 
troops; whereupon Davis challenged Bissell to a duel, 
which was accepted. This matter was brought up 
against Bissell when he was candidate for Governor 
and during his term of office, as the Constitution of 
this State forbade any duelist from holding a State 
office. 

In 1856, when the Republican party first put forth 
a candidate, John C. Fremont, for President of the 
United States, the same party nominated Mr. Bissell 
for Governor of Illinois, and John Wood, of Quincy, 
for Lieutenant Governor, while the Democrats nomi- 
nated Hon. W. A. Richardson, of Adams County, 
for Governor, and Col. R. J. Hamilton, of Cook 
County, for Lieutenant Governor. The result of the 



election was a plurality of 4,729 votes over Richard- 
son. The American, or Know-Nothing, party had a 
ticket in the field. The Legislature was nearly bal- 
anced, but was politically opposed to the Governor. 
His message to the Legislature was short and rather 
ordinary, and was criticised for expressing the sup- 
posed obligations of the people to the incorporators 
of the Illinois Central Railroad Company and for re- 
opening the slavery question by allusions to the 
Kansas troubles. Late in the session an apportion- 
ment bill, based upon the State census of 1855, was 
passed, amid much partisan strife. The Governor 
at first signed the bill and then vetoed it. A furious 
debate followed, and the question whether the Gov- 
ernor had the authority to recall a signature was 
referred to the Courts, that of last resort deciding in 
favor of the Governor. Two years afterward another 
outrageous attempt was made for a re-apportionment 
and to gerrymander the State, but the Legislature 
failed to pass the bill over the veto of the Governor. 

It was during Gov. Bissell's administration that 
the notorious canal scrip fraud was brought to light, 
implicating ex-Gov. Matteson and other prominent 
State officials. The principal and interest, aggregat- J| 
ing $255,500, was all recovered by the State except- 
ing $27,500. (See sketch of Gov. Matteson.) 

In 1859 an attempt was discovered to fraudu- 
lently refund the Macalister and Stebbins bonds and 
thus rob the State Treasury of nearly a quarter of a 
million dollars. The State Government was impli- 
cated ia this affair, and to this day remains unex- 
plained or unatoned for. For the above, and other 
matters previously mentioned, Gov. Bissell has been 
severely criticised, and he has also been most shame- 
fully libelled and slandered. 

On account of exposure in the army, the remote 
cause of a nervous form of disease gained entrance 
into his system and eventually developed paraplegia, 
affecting his lower extremities, which, while it left 
his body in comparative health, deprived him of loco- 
motion except by the aid of crutches. While he was 
generally hopeful of ultimate recovery, this myste- 
rious disease pursued him, without once relaxing its 
stealthy hold, to the close of his life, March 18, 
1860, over nine months before the expiration of his 
gubernatorial term, at the early age of 48 years. He 
died in the faith of the Roman Catholic Church, of 
which he haii been a member since 1854. 



GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



'55 








|:OHN WOOD, Governor 1860-1, and 
the first settler of Quincy, 111., 
was born in the town of Sempro- 
nius (now Moravia), Cayuga Co.j 
N. Y., Dec. 20, 1798. He was 
the second child and only son of 
Dr. Daniel Wood. His mother, 
nee Catherine Crause, was of 
German parentage, and died 
while he was an infant. Dr. 
Wood was a learned and skillful 
physician, of classical attain- 
ments and proficient in several 
modern languages, who, after 
serving throughout the Revolu- 
tionary War as a Surgeon, settled on the land granted 
him by the Government, and resided there a re- 
spected and leading influence in his section until his 
death, at the ripe age of 92 years. 

The subject of this sketch, impelled by the spirit 
of Western adventure then pervading everywhere, 
left his home, Nov. 2, 1818, and passed the succeed- 
ing winter in Cincinnati, Ohio. The following sum- 
mer he pushed on to Illinois, landing at Shawneetown. 
and spent the fall and following winter in Calhoun 
County. In 1820, in company with Willard Keyes, 
he settled in Pike County, about 30 miles southeast 
of Quincy, where for the next two years he pursued 
farming. In 1821 he visited "the Bluffs" (as the 
present site of Quincy was called, then uninhabited) 
and, pleased with its prospects, soon after purchased 
a quarter-section of land near by, and in the follow- 
ing fall (1822) erected near the river a small cabin, 



18 x 20 feet, the first building in Quincy, of which 
he then became the first and for some months the 
only occupant. 

About this time he visited his old friends in Pike 
County, chief of whom was William Ross, the lead- 
ing man in building up the village of Atlas, of that 
county, which was thought then to be the possible 
commencement of a city. One day they and others 
were traveling together over the country between the 
two points named, making observations on the com- 
parative merits of the respective localities. On ap- 
proaching the Mississippi near Mr. Wood's place, 
the latter told his companions to follow him and he 
would show them where he was going to build a city. 
They went about a mile off the main trail, to a high 
point, from which the view in every direction was 
most magnificent, as it had been for ages and as yet 
untouched by the hand of man. Before them swept 
by the majestic Father of Waters, yet unburdened by 
navigation. After Mr. Wood had expatiated at 
length on the advantages of the situation, Mr. Ross 
replied, " But it's too near Atlas ever to amount to 
anything!" 

Atlas is still a cultivated farm, and Quincy is a 
city of over 30,000 population. 

In 1824 Mr. Wood gave a jiewspaper notice, 
as the law then prescribed, of his intention to apply 
to the General Assembly for the formation of a new 
county. This was done the following winter, result- 
ing in the establishment of the present Adams 
County. During the next summer Quincy was se- 
lected as the county seat, it and the vicinity then 
containing but four adult male residents and half 




JOHN WOOD. 



that number of females. Sinoe that period Mr. 
Wood resided at the place of his early adoption un- 
til his death, and far more than any other man was 
he identified with every measure of its progress and 
history, and almost continuously kept in public posi- 
tions. 

He was one of the early town Trustees, and after 
the place became a city he was often a member of 
the City Council, many times elected Mayor, in the 
face of a constant large opposition political majority. 
In 1850 he was elected to the State Senate. In 1856, 
on the organization of the Republican party, he was 
chosen Lieutenant Governor of the State, on the 
ticket with Wm. H. Bissell for Governor, and on the 
death of the latter, March 18, 1860, he succeeded to 
the Chief Executive chair, which he occupied until 
Gov. Yates was inaugurated nearly ten months after- 
ward. 

Nothing very marked characterized the adminis- 
tration of Gov. Wood. The great anti-slavery cam- 
paign of 1860, resulting in the election of the honest 
Illinoisan, Abraham Lincoln, to the Presidency of the 
United States, occurred during the short period 
while Mr. Wood was Governor, and the excitement 
and issues of that struggle dominated over every 
other consideration, indeed, supplanted them in a 
great measure. The people of Illinois, during all 
that time, were passing the comparatively petty strifes 
under Bissell's administration to the overwhelming 
issue of preserving the whole nation from destruction. 

In 1861 ex-Gov. Wood was one of the five Dele- 
gates from Illinois to the " Peace Convention " at 
Washington, and in April of the same year, on the 
breaking out of the Rebellion, he was appointed 



Quartermaster-General of the State, which position 
he held throughout the war. In 1 864 he took com- 
mand as Colonel of the I37th 111. Vol. Inf., with 
whom he served until the period of enlistment ex- 
pired. 

Politically, Gov. Wood was always actively identi- 
fied with the Whig and Republican parties. Few 
men have in personal experience comprehended so 
many surprising and advancing local changes as 
vested in the more than half century recollections of 
Gov. Wood. Sixty-four years ago a solitary settler 
on the "Bluffs," with no family, and no neighbor 
within a score of miles, the world of civilization away 
behind him, and the strolling red-man almost his 
only visitant, he lived to see growing around him, 
and under his auspices and aid, overspreading the 
wild hills and scraggy forest a teaming city, second 
only in size in the State, and surpassed nowhere in 
beauty, prosperity and promise ; whose people recog- 
nize as with a single voice the proverbial honor and 
liberality that attach to the name and lengthened 
life of their pioneer settler, "the old Governor." 

Gov. Wood was twice married, first in January, 
1826, to Ann M. Streeter, daughter of Joshua Streeter, 
formerly of Salem, Washington Co., N. Y. They had 
eight children. Mrs. W. died Oct. 8, 1863, and in 
June, 1865, Gov. Wood married Mrs. Mary A., widow 
of Rev. Joseph T. Holmes. Gov. Wood died June 4, 
1880, at his residence in Quincy. Four of his eight 
children are now living, namely: Ann E., wife of 
Gen. John Tillson; Daniel C., who married Mary J. 
Abernethy; John, Jr., who married Josephine Skinner, 
and Joshua S., who married Annie Bradley. The 
last mentioned now resides at Atchison, Kansas, and 
all the rest are still at Quincy. 




it 



rr; 

GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS, 



'59 





ICHARD YATES, the "War 
Governor," 1861-4, was born 
Jan. 18, 1818, on the banks of 
the Ohio River, at Warsaw, 
Gallatin Co., Ky. His father 
moved in 1831 to Illinois, and 
after stopping for a time in 
Springfield, settled at Island 
Grove, Sangamon County. Here, 
after attending school, Richard joined 
the family. Subsequently he entered 
Illinois College at Jacksonville, 
where, in 1837, he graduated with 
first honors. He chose for his pro- 
fession the law, the Hon. J. J. Har- 
din being his instructor. After ad- 
mission to the Bar he soon rose to distinction as an 
advocate. 

Gifted with a fluent and ready oratory, he soon 
appeared in the political hustings, and, being a 
passionate admirer of the great Whig leader of the 
West, Henry Clay, he joined his political fortunes to 
the party of his idol. In 1 840 he engaged with great 
ardor in the exciting " hard cider " campaign for 
Harrison. Two years later he was elected to the 
Legislature from Morgan County, a Democratic 
stronghold. He served three or four terms in the 
Legislature, and such was the fascination of his ora- 
tory that by 1850 his large Congressional District, 
extending from Morgan and Sangamon Counties 
north to include LaSalle, unanimously tendered him 
the Whig nomination for Congress. His Democratic 
opponent was Maj. Thomas L. Harris, a very pop- 
ular man who had won distinction at the battle of 
Cerro Gordo, in the Mexican War, and who had 
beaten Hon. Stephen T. Logan for the same position, 



two years before, by a large majority. Yates was 
elected. Two years later he was re-elected, over 
John Calhoun. 

It was during Yates' second term in Congress that 
the great question of the repeal of the Missouri Com- 
promise was agitated, and the bars laid down for re- 
opening the dreaded anti-slavery question. He took 
strong grounds against the repeal, and thus became 
identified with the rising Republican party. Conse- 
quently he fell into the minority in his district, which 
was pro-slavery. Even then, in a third contest, he 
fell behind Major Harris only 200 votes, after the 
district had two years before given Pierce 2,000 
majority for President. 

The Republican State Convention of 1860 met at 
Decatur May 9, and nominated for the office of Gov- 
ernor Mr. Yates, in preference to Hon. Norman B. 
Judd, of Chicago, and Leonard Swett, of Blooming- 
ton, two of the ablest men of the State, who were 
also candidates before the Convention. Francis A. 
Hoffman, of DuPage County, was nominated for 
Lieutenant Governor. This was the year when Mr. 
Lincoln was a candidate for President, a period re- 
membered as characterized by the great whirlpool 
which precipitated the bloody War of the Rebellion. 
The Douglas Democrats nominated J. C. Allen of 
Crawford County, for Governor, and Lewis W. Ross, 
of Fulton County, for Lieutenant Governor. The 
Breckenridge Democrats and the Bell-Everett party 
had also full tickets in the field. After a most fear- 
ful campaign, the result of the election gave Mr. 
Yates 172,196 votes, and Mr. Allen 159,253. Mr. 
Yates received over a thousand more votes than did 
Mr. Lincoln himself. 

Gov. Yates occupied the chair of State during the 



i6o 



RICHARD YATES. 



most critical period of our country's history. In the 
fate of the nation was involved that of each State. 
The life struggle of the former derived its sustenance 
from the loyalty of the latter; and Gov. Yates 
seemed to realize the situation, and proved himself 
both loyal and wise in upholding the Government. 
He had a deep hold upon the affections of the 
people, won by his moving eloquence and genial 
manners. Erect and symmetrical in person, of pre- 
possessing appearance, with a winning address and a 
magnetic power, few men possessed more of the ele- 
ments of popularity. His oratory was scholarly and 
captivating, his hearers hardly knowing why they 
were transported. He was social and convivial. In 
the latter respect he was ultimately carried too far. 

The very creditable military efforts of this State 
during the War of the Rebellion, in putting into the 
field the enormous number of about 200,000 soldiers, 
were ever promptly and ably seconded by his excel- 
lency ; and the was ambitious to deserve the title of 
"the soldier's friend." Immediately after the battle of 
Shiloh he repaired to the field of carnage to look 
after the wounded, and his appeals for aid were 
promptly responded to by the people. His procla- 
mations calling for volunteers were impassionate 
appeals, urging upon the people the duties and re- 
quirements of patriotism ; and his special message 
in 1863 to the Democratic Legislature of this State 
pleading for material aid for the sick and wounded 
soldiers of Illinois regiments, breathes a de'ep fervor 
of noble sentiment and feeling rarely equaled in 
beauty or felicity of expression. Generally his mes- 
sages on political and civil affairs were able and com- 
prehensive. During his administration, however, 
there were no civil events of an engrossing character, 
although two years of his time were replete with 
partisan quarrels of great bitterness. Military ar- 
rests, Knights of the Golden Circle, riot in Fulton 
County, attempted suppression of the Chicago Times 
and the usurping State Constitutional Convention of 
1862, were the chief local topics that were exciting 
during the Governor's term. This Convention assem- 
bled Jan. 7, and at once took the high position that 
the law calling it was no longer binding, and that it 
had supreme power; that it represented a virtual 
assemblage of the whole people of the State, and was 
sovereign in the exercise of all power necessary to 
effect a peaceable revolution of the State Government 



and to the re-establishment of one for the " happiness, 
prosperity and freedom of the citizens," limited only 
by the Federal Constitution. Notwithstanding the 
law calling the Convention required its members to 
take an oath to support the Constitution of the State 
as well as that of the general Government, they 
utterly refused to take such oath. They also as- 
sumed legislative powers and passed several import- 
ant "laws!" Interfering with the (then) present 
executive duties, Gov. Yates was provoked to tell 
them plainly that " he did not acknowledge the right 
of the Convention to instruct him in the performance 
of his duty." 

In 1863 the Governor astonished the Democrats 
by " proroguing " their Legislature. This body, after 
a recess, met June 2, that year, and soon began to 
waste time upon various partisan resolutions ; and, 
while the two houses were disagreeing upon the 
question of adjourning sine die, the Governor, having 
the authority in such cases, surprised them all by 
adjourning them " to the Saturday next preceding the 
first Monday in January, 1865 ! " This led to great 
excitement and confusion, and to a reference of the 
Governor's act to the Supreme Court, who decided in 
his favor. Then it was the Court's turn to receive 
abuse for weeks and months afterward. 

During the autumn of 1864 a conspiracy was de- 
tected at Chicago which had for its object the liber- 
ation of the prisoners of war at Camp Douglas, the 
burning of the city and the inauguration of rebellion 
in the North. Gen. Sweet, who had charge of the 
camp at the time, first had his suspicions of danger 
aroused by a number of enigmatically worded letters 
which passed through the Camp postoffice. A de- 
tective afterward discovered that the rebel Gen. 
Marmaduke was in the city, under an assumed 
name, and he, with other rebel officers Grenfell, 
Morgan, Cantrell, Buckner Morris, and Charles 
Walsh was arrested, most of whom were convicted 
by a court-martial at Cincinnati and sentenced to 
imprisonment, Grenfell to be hung. The sentence 
of the latter was afterward commuted to imprison- 
ment for life, and all the others, after nine months' 
imprisonment, were pardoned. 

In March, 1873, Gov. Yates was appointed a Gov- 
ernment Director of the Union Pacific Railroad, in 
which office he continued until his decease, at St. 
Louis, Mo., on the 27th of November following. 



GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 








Richard J. Ogles 






ICHARD J. OGLESBY, Gov- 
ernor 1865-8, and re-elected 
in 1872 and 1884, was born 
July 25, 1824, in Oldham Co., 
Ky. ( the State which might 
be considered the " mother of 
Illinois Governors." Bereft of 
his parents at the tender age 
of eight years, his early education 
was neglected. When 12 years of 
age, and after he had worked a year 
and a half at the carpenter's trade, 
he removed with an uncle, Willis 
Oglesby, into whose care he had 
been committed, to Decatur, this 
State, where he continued his ap- 
prenticeship as a mechanic, working six months for 
Hon. E. O. Smith. 

In 1844 he commenced studying law at Spring- 
field, with Judge Silas Robbins, and read with him 
one year. He was admitted to the Bar in 184^, and 
commenced the practice of his chosen profession at 
Sullivan, the county seat of Moultrie County. 

The next year the war with Mexico was com- 
menced, and in June, 1846, Mr. Oglesby volunteered, 
was elected First Lieutenant of Co. C, Fourth Illinois 
Regiment of Volunteers, and participated in the bat- 
tles of Vera Cruz and Cerro Gordo. 

On his return he sought to perfect his law studies 
by attending a course of lectures at Louisville, but 
on the breaking out of the California "gold fever " in 
1849, he crossed the plains and mountains to the 
new Eldorado, driving a six-mule team, with a com- 



pany of eight men, Henry Prather being the leader. 

In 1852 he returned home to Macon County, and 
was placed that year by the Whig party on the ticket 
of Presidential Electors. In 1856 he visited Europe, 
Asia and Africa, being absent 20 months. On his 
return home he resu;ned the practice of law, as a 
member of the firm of Gallagher, Wait & Oglesby. 
In 1858 he was the Republican no.ainee for the 
Lower House of Congress, but was defeated by the 
Hon. James C. Robinson, Democrat. In 1860 he 
was elected to the Illinois State Senate ; and on the 
evening the returns of this election were coming in, 
Mr. Oglesby had a fisticuff encounter with " Cerro 
Gordo Williams," in which he came out victorious, 
and which was regarded as " the first fight of the 
Rebellion." The following spring, when the war 
had commenced in earnest, his ardent nature 
quickly responded to the demands of patriotism and 
he enlisted. The extra session of the Legislature 
elected him Colonel of the Eighth Illinois Infantry, 
the second one in the State raised to suppress the 
great Rebellion. 

He w is shortly entrusted with important com- 
mands. For a time he was stationed at Bird's Point 
and Cairo; in April he was promoted Brigadier Gen- 
eral ; at Fort Donelson his brigade was in the van, 
being stationed on the right of General Grant's army 
and the first brigade to be attacked. He lost 500 
men before re-inforcements arrived. Many of these 
men were from Macon County. He was engaged in 
the battle of Corinth, and, in a brave charge at this 
place, was shot in the left lung with an ounce ball, 
and was carried from the field in expectation of im- 



1 6 4 



RICHARD J. OGLESBY. 



mediate death. That rebel ball he carries to this 
day. On his partial recovery he was promoted as 
Major General, for gallantry, his commission to rank 
from November, 1862. In the spring of 1863 he 
was assigned to the command of the i6th Army 
Corps, but, owing to inability from the effects of his 
wound, he relinquished this command in July, that 
year. Gen. Grant, however, refused to accept his 
resignation, and he was detailed, in December follow- 
ing, to court-martial and try the Surgeon General of 
the Army at Washington, where he remained until 
May, 1864, when he returned home. 
The Republican, or Union, State Convention of 

1864 was held at Springfield, May 25, when Mr. 
Oglesby was nominated for the office of Governor, 
while other candidates before the Convention were 
Allen C. Fuller, of Boone, Jesse K. Dubois,of Sanga- 
mon, and John M. Palmer, of Macoupin. Wm. 
Bross, of Chicago, was nominated for Lieutenant 
Governor. On the Democratic State ticket were 
James C. Robinson, of Clark, for Governor, and S. 
Corning Judd, of Fulton, for Lieutenant Governor. 
The general election gave Gen. Oglesby a majority 
of about 31,000 votes. The Republicans had also a 
majority in both the Legislature and in the repre- 
sentation in Congress. 

Gov. Oglesby was duly inaugurated Jan. 17, 1865. 
The day before the first time set for his installation 
death visited his home at Decatur, and took from it 
his only son, an intelligent and sprightly lad of six 
years, a great favorite of the bereaved parents. This 
caused the inauguration to be postponed a week. 

The political events of the Legislative session of 

1865 were the election of ex-Gov. Yates to the 
United States Senate, and the ratification of the 131)1 
amendment to the Constitution of the United States, 
abolishing slavery. This session also signalized 
itself by repealing the notorious " black laws," part 
of which, although a dead letter, had held their place 
upon the statute books since 1819. Also, laws re- 
quiring the registration of voters, and establishing a 
State Board of Equalization, were passed by this Leg- 
islature. But the same body evinced that it was cor- 
ruptly influenced by a mercenary lobby, as it adopted 
some bad legislation, over the Governor's veto, nota- 
bly an amendment to a charter for a Chicago horse 
railway, granted in 1859 for 25 years, and now 
sought to be extended 99 years. As this measure 
was promptly passed over his veto by both branches 
of the Legislature, he deemed it useless further to 
attempt to check their headlong career. At this 
session no law of a general useful character or public 
interest was perfected, unless we count such the 
turning over of the canal to Chicago to be deepened. 
The session of 1867 was still more productive of 
private and special acts. Many omnibus bills were 
proposed, and some passed. The contests over the 
location of the Industrial College, the Capital, the 



Southern Penitentiary, and the canal enlargement 
and Illinois River improvement, dominated every 
thing else. 

During the year r872, it became evident that if 
the Republicans could re-elect Mr. Oglesby to the 
office of Governor, they could also elect him to the 
United States Senate, which they desired to do. 
Accordingly they re-nominated him for the Execu- 
tive chair, and placed upon the ticket with him for 
Lieutenant Governor, John L. Beveridge, of Cook 
County. On the other side the Democrats put into 
the field Gastavus Koerner for Governor and John 
C. Black for Lieutenant Governor. The election 
gave the Republican ticket majorities ranging from 
3S>334 to 56,174, the Democratic defection being 
caused mainly by their having an old-time Whig and 
Abolitionist, Horace Greeley, on the national ticket 
for President. According to the general understand- 
ing had beforehand, as soon as the Legislature met 
it elected Gov. Oglesby to the United States Senate, 
whereupon Mr. Beveridge became Governor. Sena- 
tor Oglesby 's term expired March 4, i879,*having 
served his party faithfully and exhibited an order of 
statesmanship beyond criticism. 

During the campaign of 1884 Mr. Oglesby was 1 
nominated for a "third term" as Executive of the 
State of Illinois, against Carter H. Harrison, Mayor 
of Chicago, nominated by the Democrats. Both 
gentlemen "stumped " the State, and while the peo- " 
pie elected a Legislature which was a tie on a joint 1 
ballot, as between the two parties, they gave the I 
jovial " Dick" Oglesby a majority of 15,018 for Gov- J 
ernor, and he was inaugurated Jan. 30, 1885. The 
Legislature did not fully organize until this date, on 
account of its equal division between the two main 
parties and the consequent desperate tactics of each 
party to checkmate the latter in the organization of 
the House. 

Gov. Oglesby is a fine-appearing, affable man, with 
regular, well defined features and rotund face. In 
stature he is a little above medium height, of a large 
frame and somewhat fleshy. His physical appear- 
ance is striking and prepossessing, while his straight- 
out, not to say bluff, manner and speech are well 
calculated favorably to impress the average masses. 
Ardent in feeling and strongly committed to the pol- 
icies of his party, he intensifies Republicanism 
among Republicans, while at the same time his iovial 
and liberal manner prevents those of the opposite 
party from hating him. 

He is quite an effective stump orator. With vehe- 
ment, passionate and scornful tone and gestures, 
tremendous physical power, which in speaking he 
exercises to the utmost ; with frequent descents to 
the grotesque; and with abundant homely compari- 
sons or frontier figures, expressed in the broadest 
vernacular and enforced with stentorian emphasis, 
he delights a promiscuous audience beyond measure. 



1/fcfi 



Ar, 



GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



167 





JOHN M. PALMES 






||OHN Me AULEY PALMER, Gov- 
ernor 1869-72, was born on 
Eagle Creek, Sco'tt Co., Ky., 
Sept. 13, 1817. During his in- 
fancy, his father, who had been 
a soldier in the war of 1812, re- 
moved to Christian Co., Ky., 
where lands were cheap. Here 
the future Governor of the great 
Prairie State spent his childhood 
and received such meager school- 
ing as the new and sparsely set- 
tled country, afforded. To this 
he added materially by diligent 
reading, for which he evinced an 
early aptitude. His father, an ardent Jackson man, 
was also noted for his anti-slavery sentiments, which 
he thoroughly impressed upon his children. In 1831 
he emigrated to Illinois, settling in Madison County. 
Here the labor of improving a farm was pursued for 
about two years, when the death of Mr. Palmer's 
mother broke up the family. About this time Alton 
College was opened, on the "manual labor " system, 
and in the spring of 1834 young Palmer, with his 
elder brother, Elihu, entered this school and remained 
1 8 months. Next, for over three years, he tried 
variously coopering, peddling and school-teaching. 

During the summer of 1838 he formed the ac- 
quaintance of Stephen A. Douglas, then making his 



first canvass for Congress. Young, eloquent and in 
political accord with Mr. Palmer, he won his confi- 1 
dence, fired his ambition and fixed his purpose. The 
following winter, while teaching near Canton, he be- J, 
gan to devote his spare time to a desultory reading t 
of law, and in the spring entered a law office at Car- I 
linville, making his home with his elder brother, I 
Elihu. (The latter was a learned clergyman, of con- 
siderable orginality of thought and doctrine.) On 
the next meeting of the Supreme Court he was ad- 
mitted to the Bar, Douglas being one of his examiners. 
He was not immediately successful in his profession, 
and would have located elsewhere than Carlinville 
had he the requisite means. Thus his early poverty 
was a blessing in disguise, for to it he now attributes 
the success of his life. 

From 1839 on, while he diligently pursued his 
profession, he participated more or less in local 
politics. In 1843 he became Probate Judge. In 
1 847 he was elected to the State Constitutional Con- 
vention, where he took a leading part. In 1852 he 
was elected to the State Senate, and at the special 
session of February, 1854, true to the anti-slavery 
sentiments bred in him, he took a firm stand in op- 
position to the repeal of the Missouri Compromise; 
and when the Nebraska question became a party 
issue he refused to receive a re-nomination for the 
Senatorship at the hands of the Democracy, issuing 
a circular to that effect. A few weeks afterward, 








i68 



JOHN MC AULEY PALMER. 



however, hesitating to break with his party, he par- 
ticipated in a Congressional Convention which nomi- 
T. L. Harris against Richard Yates, and which 
unqualifiedly approved the principles of the Kansas- 
Nebraska act. But later in the campaign he made 
the plunge, ran for the Senate as an Anti-Nebraska 
Democrat, and was elected. The following winter 
he put in nomination for the United States Senate 
Mr. Trumbull, and was one of the five steadfast men 
who voted for him until all the Whigs came to their 
support and elected their man. 

In 1856 he was Chairman of the Republican State 
Convention at Bloomington. He ran for Congress in 
r859, but was defeated. In 1860 he was Republican 
Presidential Elector for the State at large. In 1861 
he was appointed one of the five Delegates (all Re- 
publicans) sent by Illinois to the peace congress at 
Washington. 

When the civil conflict broke out, he offered his 
services to his country, and was elected Colonel of the 
I I4th 111. Vol. Inf., and participated in the engagements 
I at Island No. 10 ; at Farmington, where he skillfully 
J extricated his command from a dangerous position ; 
at Stone River, where his division for several hours, 
Dec. 31, 1862, held the advance and stood like a 
I rock, and for his gallantry there he was made Major 
General; at Chickamauga, where his and Van Cleve's 
divisions for two hours maintained their position 
when they were cut off by overpowering numbers. 
Under Gen. Sherman, he was assigned to the I4th 
Army Corps and participated in the Atlanta campaign. 
At Peach-Tree Creek his prudence did much to avert 
disaster. In February, 1865, Gen. Palmer was as- 
signed to the military administration of Kentucky, 
which was a delicate post. That State was about 
half rebel and half Union, and those of the latter 
element were daily fretted by the loss of their slaves. 
He, who had been bred to the rules of common law, 
trembled at the contemplation of his extraordinary 
power over the persons and property of his fellow 
men, with which he was vested in his capacity as 
military Governor ; and he exhibited great caution in 
the execution of the duties of his post. 

Gen. Palmer was nominated for Governor of Illi- 
nois by the Republican State Convention which met 
at Peori.i May 6, 1868, and his nomination would 
probably have been made by acclamation had he not 
persistently declared that he could not accept a can- 



didature for the office. The result of the ensuing 
election gave Mr. Palmer a majority of 44,707 over 
John R. Eden, the Democratic nominee. 

On the meeting of the Legislature in January, 
1869, the first thing to arrest public attention was 
that portion of the Governor's message which took 
broad State's rights ground. This and some minor 
points, which were more in keeping with the Demo- 
cratic sentiment, constituted the entering wedge f >r 
the criticisms and reproofs he af:erward received 
from the Republican party, and ultimuely resulted 
in his entire aleniation from the latter element. The 
Legislature just referred to was noted for the intro- 
duction of numerous bills in the interest of private 
parties, which were embarrassing to the Governor. 
Among the public acts passed was that which limited 
railroad charges for passenger travel to a maximum 
of three cents per mile ; and it was passed over the 
Governor's veto. Also, they passed, over his veto, 
the "tax-grabbing law" to pay railroad subscriptions, 
"the Chicago Lake Front "bill, etc. The new State 
Constitution of 1870, far superior to the old, was a 
peaceful " revolution " which took place during Gov. 
Palmer's term of office. The suffering caused by the 
great Chicago Fire of October, 1871, was greatly 
alleviated by the prompt responses of his excellency. 

Since the expiration of Gov. Palmers 's term, he has 
been somewhat prominent in Illinois politics, and 
has been talked of by many, especially in the Dem- 
ocratic party, as the best man in the State for a 
United States Senator. His business during life has 
been that of the law. Few excel him in an accurate 
appreciation of the depth and scope of its principles- 
The great number of his able veto messages abun- 
dantly testify not only this but also a rare capacity to 
point them out. He is a logical and cogent reasoner 
and an interesting, forcible and convincing speaker, 
though not fluent or ornate. Without brilliancy, his 
dealings are rather with facts and ideas than with 
appeals to passions and prejudices. He is a patriot 
and a statesman of very high order. Physically he is 
above the medium height, of robust frame, ruddy 
complexion and sanguine-nervous temperament. He 
has a large cranial development, is vivacious, social 
in disposition, easy of approach, unostentatious in his 
habits of life, democratic in his habits and manners 
and is a true American in his fundamental principles 
of statesmanship. 




,-,-. 





GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



171 





OHN LOWRiE BEVER- 
IDGE, Governor 1 87 3-6, was 
born in the town of Green- 
wich, Washington Co., N. Y., 
July 6, 1824. His parents 
were George and Ann Bever- 
idge. His father's parents, An- 
drew and Isabel Beveridge, be- 
fore their marriage emigrated 
from Scotland just before the 
Revolutionary War, settling in 
Washington County. His father 
was the eldest of eight brothers, the 
youngest of whom was 60 years of 
age when the first one of the num- 
ber died. His mother's parents, 
James and Agnes Hoy, emigrated 
from Scotland .at the close of the 
Revolutionary War, settling also in 
Washington Co., N. Y., with their 
first-born, whose " native land "was 
the wild ocean. His parents and 
grandparents lived beyond the time 
allotted to man, their average age 
being over 80 years. They belonged to the " Asso- 
ciate Church," a seceding Presbyterian body of 



America from the old Scotch school ; and so rigid 
was the training of young Beveridge that he never 
heard a sermon from any other minister except that 
of his own denomination until he was in his igth 
year. Later in life he became a member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, which relation he still 
holds. 

Mr. Beveridge received a good common-school ed- 
ucation, but his parents, who could obtain a livelihood 
only by rigid economy and industry, could not send 
him away to college. He was raised upon a farm, 
and was in his i8th year when the family removed 
to De Kalb County, this State, when that section was 
very sparsely settled. Chicago had less than 7,000 
inhabitants. In this wild West he continued as a 
farm laborer, teaching school during the winter 
months to supply the means of an education. In the 
fall of 1842 he attended one term at the academy at 
Granville, Putnam Co., 111., and subsequently several 
terms at the Rock River Seminary at Mount Morris, 
Ogle Co., 111., completing the academic course. At 
this time, the fall of 1845, his parents and brothers 
were anxious to have him go to college, even though 
he had not money sufficient; but, njt willing to bur- 
den the family, he packed his trunk and with only 
$40 in money started South to seek his fortune. 



I 7 2 



JOHN L. BEVERTDGE. 



Poor, alone, without friends and influence, he thus 
entered upon the battle of life. 

First, he taught school in Wilson, Overton and 
Jackson Cos., Tenn., in which experience he under- 
went considerable mental drill, both in book studies 
and in the ways of the world. He read law and was 
admitted to the Bar, in the South, but did not learn 
to love the institution of slavery, although he ad- 
mired many features of Southern character. In De- 
cember, 1847, he returned North, and Jan. 20, 1848, 
he married Miss Helen M. Judson, in the old Clark- 
Street M. E. church in Chicago, her father at that 
time being Pastor of the society there. In the spring 
of 1848 he returned with his wife to Tennessee, 
where his two children, Alia May and Philo Judson, 
were born. 

In the fall of 1849, through the mismanagement 
of an associate, he lost what little he had accumu- 
lated and was left in debt. He soon managed to 
earn means to pay his debts, returned to De Kalb 
Co., 111., and entered upon the practice of his pro- 
fession at Sycamore, the county seat. On arrival 
from the South he had but one-quarter of a dollar in 
money, and scanty clothing and bedding for himself 
and family. He borrowed a little money, practiced 
law, worked in public offices, kept books for some of 
the business men of the town, and some railroad en- 
gineering, till the spring of 1854, when he removed 
to Evanston, 12 miles north of Chicago, a place then 
but recently laid out, under the supervision of the 
Northwestern University, a Methodist institution. 
Of the latter his father-in-law was then financial 
agent and business manager. Here Mr. Beveridge 
prospered, and the next year (1855) opened a law 
office in Chicago, where he found the battle some- 
what hard; but he persevered with encouragement 
and increasing success. 

Aug. 12, 1861, his law partner, Gen. John F. 
Farnsworth, secured authority to raise a regiment of 
cavalry, and authorized Mr. Beveridge to raise a 
company for it. He succeeded in a few days in rais- 
ing the company, of course enlisting himself along 
with it. The regiment rendezvoused at St. Charles, 
111., was mustered in Sept. 1 8, and on its organiza- 
tion Mr. B. was elected Second Major. It was at- 
tached, Oct. ii, to the Eighth Cavalry and to the 
Army of the Potomac. He served with the regiment 
until November, 1863, participating in some 40 bat- 



- 



tles and skirmishes : was at Fair Oaks, the seven days' 
fight around Richmond, Fredericksburg, Chancellors- 
ville and Gettysburg. He commanded the regiment 
the greater part of the summer of 1863, and it was while 
lying in camp this year that he originated the policy 
of encouraging recruits as well as the fighting capac- 
ity of the soldiery, by the wholesale furlough system. 
It worked so well that many other officers adopted 
it. In the fall of this year he recruited another com- 
pany, against heavy odds, in January, 1864, was 
commissioned Colonel of the lyth 111. Cav., and 
skirmished around in Missouri, concluding with the 
reception of the surrender of Gen. Kirby Smith's 
army in Arkansas. In 1865 he commanded various 
sub-districts in the Southwest. He was mustered 
out Feb. 6, 1866, safe from the casualties of war and 
a stouter man than when he first enlisted. His men 
idolized him. 

He then returned to Chicago, to practice law, with 
no library and no clientage, and no political experi- 
ence except to help others into office. In the fall of! 
1866 he was elected Sheriff of Cook County, serving 
one term; next, until November, 1870, he practiced 1 
law and closed up the unfinished business of his 
office. He was then elected State Senator; in No- 
vember, 1871, he was elected Congressman at large; 
in November, 1872, he was elected Lieutenant Gov- 
ernor on the ticket with Gov. Oglesby ; the latter be- 
ing elected to the U. S. Senate, Mr. Beveridge became 
Governor, Jan. 21, 1873. Thus, inside of a few 
weeks, he was Congressman at large, Lieutenant 
Governor and Governor. The principal events oc- 
curring during Gov. Beveridge 's administration were: 
The completion of the revision of the statutes, begun 
in 1869; the partial success of the "farmers' move- 
ment;" "Haines" Legislature " and Illinois' exhibit at 
the Centennial. 

Since the close of his gubernatorial term ex-Gov. 
Beveridge has been a member of the firm of Bever- 
idge & Dewey, bankers and dealers in commercial 
paper at 7 1 Dearborn Street (McCormick Block), 
Chicago, and since November, 1881, he has also been 
Assistant United States Treasurer : office in the 
Government Building. His residence is still at Ev- 
anston. 

He has a brother and two sisters yet residing in 
De Kalb County James H. Beveridge, Mrs. Jennet 
Henry and Mrs. Isabel French. 



"" 







GO VERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



'75 



SHMLB Y M. CULLOM, 





HELBY M. CULLOM, Gover- 
nor 1877-83,13 the sixth child 
of the late Richard N. Cullom, 
and was born Nov. 22, 1829,111 
Wayne Co., Ky., where his fa- 
ther then resided, and whence 
both the Illinois and Tennessee 
branches of the family originated. In 
the following year the family emi- 
grated to the vicinity of Washington, 
Tazewell Co., 111., when that section 
was very sparsely settled. They lo- 
cated on Deer Creek, in a grove at 
the time occupied by a party of In- 
dians, attracted there by the superior 
hunting and fishing afforded in that 
vicinity. The following winter was 
known as the " hard winter," the snow [being very 
deep and lasting and the weather severely cold; and 
the family had to subsist mainly on boiled corn or 
hominy, and some wild game, for several weeks. In 
the course of time Mr. R. N. Cullom became a prom- 
inent citizen and was several times elected to the 
Legislature, both before and after the removal of the 
capital from Vandalia to Springfield. He died about 



Until about 19 years of age young Cullom grew up 
to agricultural pursuits, attending school as he had 
opportunity during the winter. Within this time, 
however, he spent several months teaching school, 



and in the following summer he "broke prairie "with 
an ox team for the neighbors. With the money ob- 
tained by these various ventures, he undertook a 
course of study at the Rock River Seminary, a 
Methodist institution at Mt. Morris, Ogle County; 
but the sudden change to the in-door life of a stu- 
dent told severely upon his health, and he was taken 
home, being considered in a hopeless condition. While 
at Mt. Morris he heard Hon. E. B. Washburne make 
his first speech. 

On recovering health, Mr. Cullom concluded to 
study law, under the instruction of Abraham Lincoln, 
at Springfield, who had by this time attained some 
notoriety as an able lawyer; but the latter, being ab- 
sent from his office most of the time, advised Mr. 
Cullom to enter the office of Stuart & Edwards. 
After about a year of study there, however, his health 
failed again, and he was obliged to return once more 
to out-door life. Accordingly he bought hogs for 
packing, for A. G. Tyng, in 1'eoria, and while he re- 
gained his health he gained in purse, netting $400 in 
a few weeks. Having been admitted to the Bar, he 
went to Springfield, where he was soon elected City 
Attorney, on the Anti-Nebraska ticket. 

In 1856 he ran on the Fillmore ticket as a Presi- 
dential Elector, and, although failing to be elected as 
such, he was at the same time elected a Representa- 
tive in the Legislature from Sangamon County, by a 
local coalition of the American and Republican par- 
ties. On the organization of the House, he received 
the vote of the Fillmore men for Speaker. Practicing 



i 7 6 



SHELB Y M. CULLOM. 



law until 1860, he was again elected to the Legisla- 
ture, as a Republican, while the county went Demo- 
cratic on the Presidential ticket. In January follow- 
ing he was elected Speaker, probably the youngest 
man who had ever presided over an Illinois Legis- 
lature. After the session of 1861, he was a candidate 
for the State Constitutional Convention called for 
that year, but was defeated, and thus escaped the 
disgrace of being connected with that abortive party 
scheme to revolutionize the State Government. In 
1862 he was a candidate for the State Senate, but 
was defeated. The same year, however, he was ap- 
pointed by President Lincoln on a Government 
Commission, in company with Gov. Boutwell of 
Massachusetts and Cnarles A. Dana, since of the 
New York Sun, to investigate the affairs of the 
Quartermaster's and Commissary Departments at 
Cairo. He devoted several months to this duty. 

In 1864 he entered upon a larger political field, 
being nominated as the Republican candidate for 
Congress from the Eighth (Springfield) District, in 
opposition to the incumbent, JohnT. Stuart, who had 
been elected in 1862 by about 1,500 majority over 

I Leonard Swett, then of Bloomington, now of Chicago. 
The result was the election of Mr. Cullom in Novem- 
ber following by a majority of 1,785. In 1866 he 
was re-elected to Congress, over Dr. E. S. Fowler, by 
the magnificent majority of 4,103! In 1868 he was 
again a candidate, defeating the Hon. B. S. Edwards, 
another of his old preceptors, by 2,884 votes. 

During his first term in Congress he served on the 
Committee on Foreign Affairs and Expenditures in 
the Treasury Department; in his second term, on 
the Committees on Foreign Affairs and on Territories ; 
and in his third term he succeeded Mr. Ashley, of 
Ohio, to the Chairmanship of the latter. He intro- 
duced a bill in the House, to aid in the execution -of 
law in Utah, which caused more consternation among 
the Mormons than any measure had previously, but 
which, though it passed the House, failed to pass the 
Senate. 

The Republican Convention which met May 25, 
1876, nominated Mr. Cullom for Governor, while the 
other contestant was Gov. Beveridge. For Lieuten- 
ant-Governor they nominated Andrew Shuman, editor 
of the Chicago Jourtial. For the same offices the 
Democrats, combining with the Anti-Monopolists, 
placed in nomination Lewis Steward, a wealthy 



farmer and manufacturer, and A. A. Glenn. The 
result of the election was rather close, Mr. Cullom 
obtaining only 6,800 majority. He was inaugurated 
Jan. 8, 1877. 

Great depression prevailed in financial circles at 
this time, as a consequence of the heavy failures of 
1873 and afterward, the effect of which had seemed 
to gather force from that time to the end of Gov. 
Cullom's first administration. This unspeculative 
period was not calculated to call forth any new 
issues, but the Governor's energies were at one time 
put to task to quell a spirit of insubordination that 
had been begun in Pittsburg, Pa., among the laboring 
classes, and transferred to Illinois at Chicago, East 
St. Louis and Braidwood, at which places laboring 
men for a short time refused to work or allow others 
to work. These disturbances were soon quelled and 
the wheels of industry again set in motion. 

In May, 1880, Gov. Cullom was re-nominated by 
the Republicans, against Lyman Trumbull, by the 
Democrats; and although the former party was some- ' 
what handicapped in the campaign by a zealous 
faction opposed to Grant for President and to Grant , 
men for office generally, Mr. Cullom was re-elected " 
by about 314,565, to 277,532 for the Democratic State 
ticket. The Greenback vote at the same time was 
about 27,000. Both Houses of the Legislature again ' 
became Republican, and no representative of the 
Greenback or Socialist parties were elected. Gov. 
Cullom was inaugurated Jan. 10, iSSi. In his mes- 
sage he announced that the last dollar of the State 
debt had been provided for. 

March 4, 1883, the term of David Davis as United 
States Senator from Illinois expired, and Gov. Cul- 
lom was chosen to succeed him. This promoted 
Lieutenant-Governor John M. Hamilton to the Gov- 
ernorship. Senator Cullom's term in the United 
States Senate will expire March 4, 1889. 

As a practitioner of law Mr. C. has been a member 
of the firm of Cullom, Scholes & Mather, at Spring- 
field ; and he has also bjen President of the State 
National Bank. 

He has been married twice, the first time Dec. 
12, 1855, to Miss Hannah Fisher, by whom he had 
two daughters; and the second time May 5, 1863, 
to Julia Fisher. Mrs. C is a member of the Method- 
ist Episcopal Church, with which religious body Mr. 
C. is also in sympathy. 



GOVERNORS OF ILLINOIS. 



'79 





OHN MARSHALL HAMIL- 
TON, Governor 1883-5, was 
born May 28, 1847, in a log 
house upon a farm about two 
miles from Richwood, Union 
County, Ohio. His father was 
Samuel Hamilton, the eldest son 
of Rev. Wm. Hamilton, who, to- 
gether with his brother, the Rev. 
Samuel Hamilton, was among the 
early pioneer Methodist preachers in 
Ohio. The mother of the subject of 
this sketch was, before her marriage, 
Mrs. Nancy McMorris, who was 
born and raised in Fauquier or Lou- 
| doun County, Va., and related to the 
two large families of Youngs and Marshalls, well 
known in that commonwealth ; and from the latter 
family name was derived the middle name of Gov. 
Hamilton. 

In March, 1854, Mr. Hamilton's father sold out 
his little pioneer forest home in Union County, O., 
and, loading his few household effects and family 
(of six children) into two emigrant covered wagons, 
moved to Roberts Township, Marshall Co., 111., being 
2 1 days on the route. Swamps, unbridged streams 
and innumerable hardships and privations met them 
on their way. Their new home had been previously 
selected by the father. Here, after many long years 
of toil, they succeeded in paying for the land and 
making a comfortable home. John was, of course, 
' ' A 



brought up to hard manual labor, with no schooling 
except three or four months in the year at a common 
country school. However, he evinced a capacity, 
and taste for a high order of self-education, by 
studying or reading what books he could borrow, as 
the family had but very few in the house. Much o: 
his study he prosecuted by the light of a log fire int 
the old-fashioned chimney place. The financial 
panic of 1857 caused the family to come near losing] 
their home, to pay debts ; but the father and two 
sons, William and John, " buckled to " and perse- 
vered in hard labor and economy until they redeemed 
their place from the mortgage. 

When the tremendous excitement of the political 
campaign of 1860 reached the neighborhood of Rob- 
erts Township, young Hamilton, who had been 
brought up in the doctrine of anti-slavery, took a zeal- 
ous part in favor of Lincoln's election. Making special 
efforts to procure a little money to buy a uniform, he 
joined a company of Lincoln Wide-Awakes at Mag- 
nolia, a village not far away. Directly after the 
ensuing election it became evident that trouble 
would ensue with the South, and this Wide-Awake 
company, like many others throughout the country, 
kept up its organization and transformed itself into a 
military company. During the ensuing summer they 
met often for drill and became proficient ; but when 
they offered themselves for the war, young Hamilton 
was rejected on account of his youth, he being then 
but 14 years of age. During the winter of 1863-4 he 
attended an academy at Henry, Marshall County, 



i8c 



JOHN MARSHALL HAMILTON. 



and in the following May he again enlisted, for the 
fourth time, when he was placed in the 141 st III. 
Vol. Inf., a regiment then being raised at Elgin, 111., 
for the loo-day service. He took with him 13 other 
lads from his neighborhood, for enlistment in the 
service. This regiment operated in Southwestern 
Kentucky, for about five months, under Gen. Paine. 

The following winter, 1864-5, Mr. Hamilton taught 
school, and during the two college years 1865-7, ' le 
went through three years of the curriculum of the 
Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio. The 
third year he graduated, the fourth in a class of 46, 
in the classical department. In due time he received 
the degree of M. A. For a few months he was the 
Principal of Marshall " College " at Henry, an acad- 
emy under the auspices of the M. E. Church. By 
this time he had commenced the study of law, and 
after earning some money as a temporary Professor 
of Latin at the Illinois Wesleyan University at 
Bloomington, he entered the law office of Weldon, 
Tipton & Benjamin, of that city. Each member of 
this firm has since been distinguished as a Judge. 
Admitted to the Bar in May, 1870, Mr. Hamilton 
i was given an interest in the same firm, Tipton hav- 
ing been elected Judge. In October following he 
formed a partnership with J. H. Rowell, at that time 
Prosecuting Attorney. Their business was then 
small, but they increased it to very large proportions, 
practicing in all grades of courts, including even the 
U. S. Supreme Court, and this partnership continued 
unbroken until Feb. 6, 1883, when Mr. Hamilton 
was sworn in as Executive of Illinois. On the 4th 
of March following Mr. Rowell took his seat in Con- 
gress. 

In July, 1871. Mr. Hamilton married Miss Helen 
M. Williams, the daughter of Prof. Wm. G. Williams, 
Professor of Greek in the Ohio Wejleyan University. 
Mr. and Mrs. H. have two daughters and one son. 

In 1876 Mr. Hamilton was nominated by the Re- 
publicans for the State Senate, over other and older 
competitors. He took an active part " on the stump " 
in the campaign, for the success of his party, and was 
elected by a majority of 1,640 over his Democratic- 
Greenback opponent. In the Senate he served on 
the Committees on Judiciary, Revenue, State Insti- 
tutions, Appropriations, Education, and on Miscel- 
lany ; and during the contest for the election of a 
U. S. Senator, the Republicans endeavoring to re- 



elect John A. Logan, he voted for the war chief on 
every ballot, even alone when all the other Republi- 
cans had gone over to the Hon. E. B. Lawrence and 
the Democrats and Independents elected Judge 
David Davis. At this session, also, was passed the 
first Board of Health and Medical Practice act, of 
which Mr. Hamilton was a champion, against so 
much opposition that the bill was several times 
" laid on the table." Also, this session authorized 
the location and establishment of a southern peni- 
tentiary, which was fixed at Chester. In the session 
of 1879 Mr. Hamilton was elected President pro tern. 
of the Senate, and was a zealous supporter of John 
A. Logan for the U. S. Senate, who was this time 
elected without any trouble. 

In May, 1880, Mr. Hamilton was nominated on 
the Republican ticket for Lieutenant Governor, his 
principal competitors before the Convention being 
Hon. Wm. A. James, ex-Speaker of the House of 
Representatives, Judge Robert Bell, of Wabash 
County, Hon. T. T. Fountain, of Perry County, and 
Hon. M. M. Saddler, of Marion County. He engaged 
actively in the campaign, and his ticket was elected 
by a majority of 41,200. As Lieutenant Governor, 
he presided almost continuously over the Senate in 
the 32d General Assembly and during the early days 
of the 33d, until he succeeded to the Governorship. 
When the Legislature of 1883 elected Gov. Cullom 
to the United States Senate, Lieut. Gov. Hamilton 
succeeded him, under the Constitution, taking the' 
oath of office Feb. 6, 1883. He bravely met all the 
annoyances and embarrassments incidental upon 
taking up another's administration. The principal 
events with which Gov. Hamilton was connected as 
the Chief Executive of the State were, the mine dis- 
aster at Braidwood, the riots in St. Clairand Madison 
Counties in May, 1883, the appropriations for the 
State militia, the adoption of the Harper high-license 
liquor law, the veto of a dangerous railroad bill, etc. 

The Governor was a Delegate at large to the 
National Republican Convention at Chicago in June, 

1884, where his first choice for President was John 
A. Logan, and second choice Chester A. Arthur; but 
he afterward zealously worked for the election of Mr. 
Blaine, true to his party. 

Mr. Hamilton's term as Governor expired Jan. 30, 

1885, when the great favorite " Dick " Oglesby was 
inaugurated. 



A' 




e- 








W* _^r' 






INTRODUCTORY, 





JHE time has arrived when it 
becomes the duty of the 
people of this county to per- 
petuate the names of their 
pioneers, to furnish a record 
of their early settlement, 
and relate the story of their 
progress. The civilization of our 
day, the enlightenment of the age 
and the duty that men of the pres- 
ent time owe to their ancestors, to 
themselves and to their posterity, 
demand that a record of their lives 
and deeds should be made. In bio- 
graphical history is found a power 
to instruct man by precedent, to 
enliven the mental faculties, and 
to waft down the river of time a 
safe vessel in which the names and actions of the 
people who contributed to raise this country from its 
primitive state may be preserved. Surely and rapidly 
the great and aged men, who in their prime entered 
the wilderness and claimed the virgin soil as their 
heritage, are passing to their graves. The number re- 
maining wliocan relate the incidents of the first days 
of settlement is becoming small indeed, so that an 
actual necessity exists for the collection and preser- 
vation of events without delay, before all the early 
settlers are cut down by the scythe of Time. 

To be forgotten has been the great dread of mankind 
from remotest ages. All will be forgotten soon enough, 
in spite of their best works and the most e.irnest 
efforts of their friends to perserve the memory of 
their lives. The means employed to prevent oblivion 
and to perpetuate their memory has been in propor- 
tion to the amount of intelligence they possessed. 
The pyramids of Kgvpt were built to perpetuate the 
names and deeds of their great rulers. The exhu- 
mations made by the archeologists of Egypt from 
buried Memphis indicate a desire of those people 



to perpetuate the memory of their achievements. 
The erection of the great obelisks were for the same 
purpose. Coming down to a later period, we find the 
Greeks and Romans erecting mausoleums and monu- 
ments, and carving out statues to chronicle their 
great achievements and carry them down the ages. 
It is also evident that the Mound-bu'lders, in piling 
up their great mounds of earth, had but this idea 
to leave something to show that they had lived. All 
these works, though many ot them costly in the ex- 
treme, give but a faint idea of the lives and charac- 
ters of those whose memory they were intended to 
perpetuate, and scarcely anything of the masses of 
the people that then lived. The great pyramids and 
some of the obelisks remain objects only of curiosity; 
the mausoleums, monuments and statues are crum- 
bling into dust. 

It was lift to modern nges to establish an intelli- 
gent, undecaying, immutable method of perpetuating 
a full history immutable in that it is almost un- 
limited in extent and perpetual in its action ; and 
this is through the art of printing. 

To the present generation, however, we are in- 
debted for the introduction of the admirable system 
of.local biography. By this system every man, though 
he has not achieved what the world calls greatness, 
h-is the means to perpetuate his life, his history, 
through the coming ages. 

The scythe of Time cuts down all ; nothing of the 
physical man is left. The monument which his chil- 
dren or friends may erect to his memory in the ceme- 
tery will crumble into dust and pass away; but his 
life, his achievements, the work he has accomplished, 
which otherwise would be forgotten, is perpetuated 
by a record of this kind. 

To preserve the lineaments of our companions we 
engrave their portraits, for the same reason we col- 
lect the attainable facts of their history. Nor do we 
thir.k it necessary, as we speak only truth of them, to 
wait until they are dead, or until those who know 
them are gone: to do this we are ashamed only to 
publish t) the world the history of those whose lives 
are unworthy of public record. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



189 



i&&*#l&^ 





aj. John C. Bond, for nearly 
half a century one of the 
most prominent and 
valued citizens of Warren 
County, was born in Knox 
Co., Tenn., Dec. 25, 1799. 
Here he was reaied and 
educated and, in 1818, was married 
to Miss Polly Grimsley, of the same 
county. To them were born five 
children Susannah Johnson, widow 
of Walter Johnson, deceased; W. 
G. Bond, ex-Sheriff of this county; 
Jesse W. Bond, a prominent citizen 
of Lenox Township; Ruby L. Cay- 
ton, wife of A. J. Cayton, of S'.van 
Township ; and Anna Bond, all of whom are living 
except the latter, who died when quite young. 
Sketches of the former may be found elsewhere in 
this volume. 

Maj. Bond removed from Tennessee to Alabama, 
and from there to Morgan County this State, in 
1826, in which county his wife died. In May, 
1829, he was married the second time, to Miss Mary 
Singleton, of Morgan County, and by her had three 
children Fielding, Mary and Eveline, all of whom 
are deceased. Fielding was elected School Com- 
missioner of Warren County in 1861 or 1862, but 
died shortly after his election. He was a young 
man of brilliant promise ; graduated from Lom- 
bard University with honors in 1857 ; shortly after 
was admitted to the Bar, but died April 19, 1862, 



when only 28 years of age. Mrs. Bond died in 
September, 1842, and in January, 1844, Maj. Bond 
was married to Mrs. Nancy Terry, by whom he had 
two children Canzada S., the wife of Mathew 
Campbell, of Stella, Neb ; and Cordelia, the wife of 
Henry Staat, of Berwick Township. (See sketch.) 
Maj. Bond was the father of ten children, six of 
whom survived him, and all of whom were present 
at his funeral. He lived to behold his fourth gen- 
eration of children. His funeral services were held 
in the Methodist Episcopal Church, at Greenbush, 
Sunday afternoon, May 21, 1882, and were conducted 
by Elder Van Meter, a well known minister of the 
Regular Baptist Church, of McDonough County. It 
was attended by an immense concourse of old set- 
tlers from the south part of the county, who knew 
the venerable and esteemed man so long, so inti- 
mately and so well. He was buried in the grave- 
yard laid out by his father on the old home farm 
many long years ago. 

Maj. Bonfl played an important part in the early 
history of Warren County. He was one of the Com- 
missioners of the county in 1839, when the affairs of 
the county were conducted by three men, and in 
1853, together with Samuel Hallam and Robert Gil- 
more, was appointed to divide the county into Town- 
ships, which they did as they now exist. After the 
adoption of the township organization system, he 
was the first Supervisor elected from Greenbush, and 
served for 14 successive years, and until he became 
so deaf and bending with age he asked his fellow 
citizens of Greenbush to relieve him of further dis- 
charge of his arduous duties. He served the county 



f 



190 



WARREN COUNTY. 



on the Board long and well, and his judgment and 
excellent good sense, as well as public spirit, per- 
vaded the affairs of the county for many years. He 
was the first Justice of the Peace in the south part 
of the county, to which position he was elected in 
1835, and appointed his own constable to conduct 
his court and serve his papers. His first court was 
held in a smoke-house, and the trial was over a steer 
belonging to some Indianaian. Being his first term 
and the occasion an important one, he ordered his 
sons to clean out the smoke-house, and set the 
" court-room " in order. While carrying out the 
order, they performed some tricks not proper to 
docket, for which the 'squire fined them " for con- 
tempt of court,' and they paid the penalty. 

In 1844, Maj. Bond was candidate for the Legis- 
lature, and was beaten by only three votes. He 
was Assessor for his township for a number of years. 
In 1828, he went to Galena and worked in the lead 
mines. He passed through this county on his way 
and camped for the first time in the edge of the tim- 
ber two miles west of what became his own home. 
At that time, as he surveyed the broad, open prairie, 
that stretched out for miles before him, he was en- 
raptured with the high rolling mound where the old 
homestead now stands. He remarked to his com- 
''panion that " there was where he would settle." 

He received his title as Major under the old mil- 
itia law of Illinois, and was Major of the regiment of 
this section of the country, of which John Butler, 
deceased, of Greenbush, was Colonel. In 1834, 
Maj. Bond settled on the old homestead where he 
died. The land was entered by his father, and after 
his death Maj. Bond purchased from the other heirs 
their interest in the farm. 

As a neighbor and friend, he was a most genial 
and companionable man, and just as true as the 
needle to the pole. His integrity was as unbending 
as the oak, and no man more heartily despised a 
dishonorable action than he. His heart and purse 
were ever open to the needy, unfortunate and op- 
pressed, and no one was ever turned hungry from 
his door. His home and its hospitalities were often 
shared by the early settlers who sought locations in 
this county, and they never forgot the genuine friend- 
ship they received from John C. Bond, and many are 
the silent tears that will be shed to his memory by 
those who bore the trials and vicissitudes of the 
years long gone by in the settlement of the county. 




Having well and faithfully performed the task set 
before him, and more than filled out the measure of 
his four score years with a firm and abiding faith in 
the mercies of a true and just God, he peacefully 
closed his eyes and rests from the long journey of 
life. Thus, on the 2oth day of May, 1882, passed 
away John C. Bond, as good and true a man as ever 
resided in Warren County, leaving to his descend- 
ants a priceless heritage a spotless name. His 
widow is still living and now resides with her daugh- 
ter, Mrs. Campbell, at Stella, Nebraska. His grand- 
son, J. C. Bond, lives on the old farm in Greenbush. 
We are pleased to present the portrait of Major 
Bond in connection with this sketch. 



B. Houlton, a member of the well known 
banking and mercantile firm of Chapin, 
Houlton & Co., Kirkwood, was born in 
Maine, in 1833. His father, Joseph Houlton, 
was a native of Massachusetts, and his mother, 

. 

Almira (Ray) Houlton, was born in New 
Hampshire. They came to Illinois in 1852 and set- 
tied on a farm in Ellison Township, Warren County. 
Here the elder Houlton passed his life in the quiet 
pursuit he had selected 31 years before his death. 

In 1850 Mr. F. R. Houlton set out with a few 
others to cross the plains to California. For four 
years and a half, he was interested in gold mining on 
the Pacific Coast. Returning to Illinois, we find 
him in 1858, entering Kirkwood. He secured an en- 
gagement as clerk for Knowles, Ray & Chapin, with 
whom he remained one year, when he bought out 
the interest of Mr. Knowles, and became a partner 
in the new firm, and from that date, 1859, until the 
present, he has been connected with the firm and 
there have been but two changes in it. Besides his 
interest in the business carried on by Chapin, Houl- 
ton & Co., our subject owns about 700 acres of land 
in Warren and Henderson Counties, the cultivation 
of which he superintends himself. Politically he is 
identified with the Republican party. 

Mr. Houlton was married Jan. 22, 1862, to Miss 
L. J. Calkins, who was a native of Maine. She was 
born June 18, 1836. To this union two children 
have been born, Blanche L. and Fred. N. ; Fred. N. 
died in infancy. Blanche L. was born Sept. 7, 1863. 
Mrs. Houlton died April i, 1885. 



..<%*. " ' \ 
;X->* >\/--;.^>^vy 
:^^^vJ^fv ' ^'Wte-Jl 




WARREN COUNTY. 



9S 




i illiam Harrison Frantz, one of Warren 
County's most prominent and highly re- 
spected citizens, who has met with success 
in his chosen vocation of life, resides on 
section 27, Monmouth Township. He is a 
Director in the Monmouth National Bank and 
one of the leading general farmers and stock- 
raisers of this section of Illinois. He is a native of 
Maryland, and was born in Alleghany County, 
that State, April 10, 1829. His father, Solomon 
Frantz, was born in the same county. His par- 
ents were John and Catherine Frantz. They 
were early settlers in the State and their grand- 
parents were the first who settled in the United 
States by that name, having located in Bedford 
Co., Pa., at an early day. A few years previous to 
their demise the grandparents removed to Alleghany 
County, where they resided until their death, and 
where, previous to that event, they followed the 
vocation of farming. The father of Mr. Frantz, of 
this biographical notice, was married in Alleghany 
County to Jane McElroy, a lady of Scotch-Irish ex- 
traction and American parentage. After their mar- 
riage they resided in Alleghany County until 1849, 
when they moved to Perry Co., Ohio, and there be- 
came large land-owners and successful farmers, 
carrying on agricultural pursuits until about 1871. 
During that year they came to this State and settled 
on a part of the farm belonging to William H., in this 
county. Here the father died in March, 1882, aged 
79 years. He was a strong temperance man and was 
one of the first to sign the total abstinence pledge 
in the State of Maryland, which he scrupulously 
kept the remainder of his life. In fact, the family 
were noted for their strong temperance views and 
their lives were passed in strict accordance with 
their opinions. The mother yet survives and re- 
sides with her son, H. M. Frantz, and although 
at the venerable age of 8t years,- is enjoying the 
best of health. She and her husband were active 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church and 
were respected and honored citizens of the com- 
munity in which they resided. Their children were 



nine in number, two of whom have passed to the 
land of the hereafter. The following is a record of 
their family : Lucinda, who married Alfred Thayer, 
and resides at Tuscola, Douglas County, this State. 
Mr. Thayer is a stock dealer and farmer, but has re- 
tired from the active labors of life, enjoying the 
accumulations of the past. Andrew J. who married 
Virginia Johnson, and resides in the city of Bran- 
don, Mississippi, is editor of the Brandon Re- 
publican ; William H. was the next in order of 
birth; Isabella was united in marriage with O. P. 
Wilson, who follows the occupation of a fanner in 
Monmouth Township, this county ; Elizabeth mar- 
ried Thomas Bushfield. She died in Ohio, in Octo- 
ber, 1855; John H. (see sketch) married Anna 
Porter and resides on a farm in Spring Grove Town- 
ship ; Catherine became the wife of J. W. Free, who 
is a resident of New Lexington, Perry Co., Ohio, 
where he is following the profession of the law. He 
was also Major of a regiment of Ohio Volunteers dur- 
ing the late Rebellion; Mrs. Free died in 1864;! 
Nannie E. was married twice, her first husband be- 
ing J. D. Mackey, after whose demise she became! 
the wife of S. K. Cramer, who is a resident of Wap-K 
ello Co., Iowa; H. M. formed a matrimonial alliance 
with Flora Murphy, and is a farmer and stock ship- 
per, residing in Monmouth Township (see sketch). 

Our subject received all the advantages in the way 
of an education afforded by the common schools of 
his native county, and when disengaged, assisted his 
father in the duties of the farm until he attained his 
i gth year, when his parents removed to New Lexing- 
ton, Perry Co., Ohio. Remaining at the latter place 
three years, his next move was in the year 1851, 
when he came to Warren County and -located in 
Monmouth Township. Here our subject rented 
land for about four years. He then purchased a 
tract of 80 acres, all of which was improved, but 
soon sold this and bought 180 acres, a portion of 
which is included in his present homestead. 

April 2, 1857, Mr. Frantz was united in the holy 
bonds of matrimony at the residence of the bride's 
parents at Monmouth, to Miss Mary A. Lucas, 
daughter of Marsham and Elizabeth (Deweese) 
Lucas, natives of Kentucky. Her mother was first 
married in her native State to William Davidson, by 
whom she had four children, only one of whom sur- 
vives. Her marriage to Mr. Lucas was celebrated 
in Monmouth Township, this county, and to them 



196 



WARREN COUNTY. 



have been born six children, of whom four survive. 
Mrs. F., our subject's wife, is the eldest. Next in 
order of birth was John T., his death occurring 
when a young man of 20 years ; William B., the third, 
formed a matrimonial alliance with Melissa John- 
son, and follows the vocation of farming near Ash- 
land, Neb. ; Charles is also married, his wife's maiden 
name being Lidia Taylor. He is a conductor on 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railway, and re- 
sides at Galesburg ; Benedict N. is a resident of Ore- 
gqn, and is engaged in farming ; Cassius died in early 
life. The parents of Mrs. Frantz are yet living and 
reside at Abingdon, Knox County, this State, where 
they are living in retirement. Her father was one 
of the first settlers in this county, coming here as 
early as 1830. He helped to locate the county 
road and lay out the city of Monmouth, and exten- 
sively operated here for nearly half a century. He 
was here when the Indians were numerous and en- 
dured all the privations incident to the settlement of 
a new country. At that early date Chicago was 
their trading post, and thither they were compelled 
to go to do all their marketing. He is now in his 
851)1 year, and his wife, the mother of Mrs. Frantz, 
in her 7Sth year, and both are enjoying extremely 
good health for that age in life, and are among the 
best known and most highly respected pioneers of 
this part of Illinois. 

Mrs. Frantz enjoyed only such educational advan- 
tages as the common schools such as they were 
in an early day afforded. She is, however, re- 
garded by her many friends as a lady of rare cul- 
ture and refinement. She is one of the leading 
spirits in every circle in which she moves. The 
most excellent judgment which she possesses, and 
the qualities of both mind and heart with which she 
is gifted, eminently fit her for a wider sphere than 
the home circle. However, in this divinely endowed 
sphere, that of the home, she is a wife and mother of 
the most admirable type. She continued to reside 
with her parents until her marriage to Mr. Frantz. 
Of their union seven children have been born, 
namely : Delavan C.,who chose for his life partner, 
Mary E. Paine, and is engaged in farming in Mon- 
mouth Township. They have had one child, 
Harrison Paine; Kate married Charles Sickmon, 
who is also a farmer of Monmouth Township; Sina 
became the wife of Philo Kettering, a farmer by occu- 
pation, and she also lives near her old home; Pearl, 



Ella J. and Mary L. reside at home. The demise of 
Georgie V. occurred in infancy. 

After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Frantz, they 
located on the homestead which Mr. F. had previ- 
ously purchased, and where he was for a few years 
engaged in farming, afterwards going extensively into 
the stock business, ( buying, breeding and ship- 
ping stock ) in which business he is still engaged 
at the present time. Mr. F. is one of the heaviest 
land-owners in this county, owning nearly 1,000 
acres, all joining, and having three good residences 
and eight houses on his land. His land is all under 
an advanced state of cultivation and he is one of the 
most successful farmers of Warren County. His ac- 
cumulations of this world's goods is indicative of that 
energy, perseverance and good judgment which he 
possesses. 

During the last four years he has been engaged in 
the breeding of fine stock. In July of 1882, he 
visited England, Scotland and France, where he T 
made purchases of some of the purest-blooded stock "i 
to be found in those countries. Among the animals , 
he bought were King Cole, Knight of Athloe, Prin- j i 
cess of Wales, Princess Beatrice and Maggie Wilson.^ 
These are the names by which these splendid i 
animals were known in the herd books of Great I i 
Britain and America. They were pure-blooded ' 
Clydesdales, and rank among the best horses ever 
brought to Illinois. Princess of Wales has taken the 
first premiums at the Chicago State Fair, State Fairs 
at Peoria, at Cedar Rapids, Iowa, and at the great 
fair at St. Louis. These magnificent specimens of 
this excellent breed of horses were bought by 
Mr. Frantz for the purpose of improving the char- 
acter of the horses throughout his section of the 
county. The results have been most gratifying, and 
he should be commended for his enterprise and 
receive the gratitude of farmers and those interested 
in raising this noble animal in Warren County. 

Not only has Mr. Frantz exhibited rare enter- 
prise in his desire to develop the horse in this sec- 
tion of the State, but has carried the same spirit 
into his plans to better the grade of cattle. This is 
shown by his purchase of several head of pure Gal- 
loway cattle from some of the famous herds of 
Scotland, which he added to his already extensive 
herd on his fine stock farm, near Monmouth. Among 
those secured from Scotland were North Star, Rock- 
ford, Bonnie Lass and Bonnie Perle. 






i t 



WARREN COUNTY. 



197 



The publishers of this ALBUM are not only pleased 
to be able to present Mr. Frantz's property as show- 
ing one of the most beautiful country residences and 
splendid set of farm buildings in the Military Tract, 
but to show some of the magnificent specimens of 
both horses and cattle above mentioned. 

Mrs. Frantz and some of her children are mem- 
bers of the Christian Church. Politically, Mr. F. is 
a believer in and a supporter of the principles of 
the Republican party. He has held the position 
of Road Commissioner, School Trustee and Director 
in his township, and is a gentleman whose word in a 
financial point of view is considered equal to his 
bond. His portrait, as one of the truly representa- 
tive men of this county, is given in connection with 
this sketch. 




J. Wood, associate editor of the Dai- 
ly Evening Gazette, of Monmouth, a son 
of Cyrus A. and Mary A. (Roe) Wood, 
was bom in Cayuga Co., N. Y., Dec. 3, 1858. 
His father was by occupation a farmer, and 
died when the subject of our sketch was but 
four years of age. 

At the common schools of his neighborhood, sup- 
plemented by a thorough preparatory training at 
Cortland, N. Y., Normal Academy, Cyrus J. Wood 
fitted himself for Rochester, N. Y., University, from 
which institution he graduated with honors in the 
class of 1883. The following fall found him at Mon- 
mouth, where he at once began the study of law, ac- 
cepting in the meantime the position of reporter on 
the Gazette. It may be well to remember, that for 
several years (and the question may not even yet be 
definitely settled) he was not quite sure as to 
whether the third or the fourth estate, as recognized 
by men of letters, should become the field of his per- 
manent operations. While at college he held the 
position of telegraph editor of the Rochester Sunday 
Morning Herald, and after graduating, and before 
coining West, he was police reporter of the daily is- 
sue of the same paper. Since coming to the city of 
Monmouth, though he has in nowise neglected the 
study of law, the press has claimed him fully as one 
of its members. From reporter he was first promoted 



to the position of city editor of the Gazette, and was 
soon afterward advanced to the position he has since 
so ably filled to the entire satisfaction of the Gazette 
and its readers. 

He was admitted to the Bar in October, 1885, and 
as a member of the legal profession he may yet 
achieve the highest aims of his ambition and a rec- 
ord that will favorably compare with that made by 
any of the disciples of Blackstone. 



H3- 




eorge Abbey, engaged in the livery busi- 
ness at Kirk wood, is a native of New York, 
having been born in Steuben County, in 
1844. He is a son of Newman and Harriet 
(Van Wagoner) Abbey, natives of Ulster Co., 
N. Y. The father came to this State in 1857, 
and at first located on section 3, Tompkins Town- 
ship, where, on rented land, he was engaged in 
fanning for one year. He then moved into the vil- 
lage of Kirkwood and embarked in the drug business 
with Mr. L. Howard, the original firm continuing to 
exist for three years. At the expiration of that time 
he took into the business his son, Horatio, and the 
partnership continued until the death of the father, 
Sept. i, 1885. 

The gentleman whose name we place at the head 
of this notice was an inmate of his father's household 
until he reached the age of 17 years, receiving at his 
hands and in the common schools of the county a 
good English education. At that young age in life, 
George Abbey enlisted in the war for the Union, 
joining Company A, 83d 111. Vol. Inf., as a private, 
and served in defense of his country's flag for two 
years and eleven months. He participated in the 
second battle of Fort Donelson, and engaged in many 
skirmishes with the guerrillas and was in between 20 
and 30 engagements with them. At the expiration 
of his term of enlistment he received an honorable 
discharge, came home and once more entered upon 
the peaceful pursuits of life. He rented land and 
for two years was engaged in farming. In 1 867 he 
embarked in the livery business, with which he com- 
bined that of a feed and sale stable at Kirkwood and 
has since continued in the same, meeting with that 



i 9 8 



WARREN COUNTY. 



success which almost universally comes to a man 
possessed of that push and energy which has char- 
acterized Mr. Abbey's career in life. In addition to 
his extensive stables, located contiguous to the tracks 
of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad, Mr. 
Abbey has a fine residence and two lots in the vil- 
lage. He is also the owner of 80 acres of land in 
Kansas, which he is rapidly bringing under a high 
state of cultivation. 

The marriage of Mr. Abbey was solemnized in 
1871, at which time Miss Helen Barnum, a native of 
this State, became his wife. Mr. Abbey votes the 
Republican ticket, and socially is a member of the 
G. A. R. He is eminently worthy to be classed as 
one of the representative business men of the thriv- 
ing little village of Kirkwood. 




' saac B. Kirby, engaged as a general farmer 
on section 34, Ellison Township, was born 
in Greene Co., Pa., June 25, 1825, his father 
being Joseph H Kirby, a farmer by occupation, 
at present residing in Berwick Township, this 
county. Of a family of four sons and three 
daughters, our subject was the eldest. 

Isaac B. lived at home until he attained the age 
of 25 years, when he was married, on the 7th of July, 
1850, in Greene County, to Miss Eliza A^ Bailey, a 
native of the same county. She was the daughter 
of a Pennsylvania farmer, and lived at home until 
her marriage. Her parents died some time ago in 
the Keystone State. Mrs. Kirby was the youngest 
child of a family of nine children, and of her union 
with Isaac B. Kirby, she has become the mother of 
eight children, all of whom are now living. Three 
sons and one daughter, of the above mentioned eight 
children, are married. 

In the fall after marriage, Mr. Kirby came to 
Illinois, and rented land for two years in Peoria 
County, after which time he removed to Warren 
County and in the latter county purchased an 80- 
acre tract of land where he now resides. He has 
improved his farm and added to his original purchase 
until he is now the possessor of 200 acres in this 
township, and 240 acres in Iowa, where two of his 



sons now reside. Mr. Kirby has been a very suc- 
cessful agriculturist, which is attributable to his in- 
domitable energy, economy and perseverance, with 
the assistance of his good helpmeet. 

Religiously, Mr. Kirby and wife are members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. Mr. K. has filled 
the position of Township Trustee and has also held 
several of the minor township offices, creditably dis- 
charging the duties of each. Politically, he is iden- 
tified w ith the Democratic party. 




ames F. Arthurs is a pioneer of Warren 
County of 1836 and resides on section 18. 
Kelly Township. He was born in the 
southern section of the United States, and was 
reared there. The death of his father when 
he was three years old left a heavy burden on 
the mother, as there were eight children of whom 
she was sole guardian. In 1831, a removal of the 
family to Putnam Co., Ind., was effected, and in 
1836 another change brought the widow and her 
children to Illinois. 

Mr. Arthurs was born Dec. 29, 1807, and is the 
son of Joseph and Catherine (Wingfield) Arthurs. 
Mr. Arthurs was 19 when he came to this county, 
where he has since been identified with its develop- 
ment and general well-being. The journey was 
made hither in the manner common in those days, 
with horses and oxen, and the domestic affairs were 
managed while the party were en route as nearly as 
possible as in the home they had left. Mr. Arthurs 
lived with his brother-in-law for a few months after 
reaching Illinois, and meanwhile bought the land in- 
cluded in the farm which he now owns. He erected 
a log house and split clapboards for the roof and 
puncheons for the floor. The place now presents a. 
modernized appearance, as the cabin of that early 
period has given place to farm-structures that are in 
every way suitable to the change in the circum- 
stances of the proprietor and to the times. 

The union in marriage of Mr. Arthurs and Miss 
Elizabeth A. Carmichael, took place in 1835. She 
was born in the District of Newbury, South Carolina, 
July 5, 1817. Five of their children are now living. 
Two sons enlisted in Co. C, 361)1 111. Vol. Inf. Will- 



: 



- Y . '. "~ 

WARREN COUNTY. 



199 



iam T. was killed in the action at Stone River, Tenn. 
Abraham Y. died a few weeks after his return to his 
home. 

Mr. Arthurs is a member of the United Brethren 
Church. He is a man whom his fellow citizens re- 
spect and esteem. 




ohn P. Campbell is the present Township 
Clerk of Spring Grove. He was born in 
Huntingdon Co., Pa., Aug. 6, 1853. He 
is a member of the fourth generation from his 
earliest known ancestor in this country, being 
of Scotch-Irish extraction. John A. Camp- 
bell, his father, was born in 1807, in the same coun- 
ty in Pennsylvania where the son was born. He was 
bred a farmer, that having been the calling of his 
race for many generations. He was married in the 
Keystone State to Mary J. Wray, who was also born 
Huntingdon County, Oct. 16, 1817. After his 
marriage the senior Campbell bought a farm in Bra- 
dy Township, seven miles from the county-seat, 
which remained the home of the family until 1865, 
when the property was sold and a removal to Illi- 
nois effected. A farm was rented in Suez Township, 
in Mercer County, where they resided one year, dur- 
ing which time the father was engaged in prospect- 
ing for a suitable location for a permanent homestead. 
In company with his eldest son, he bought a farm on 
section 9, in the township of Spring Grove, which, in 
the spring of 1866, he took possession of and made 
it the family residence until the death of the father, 
which took place in 1873. His widow now resides 
in Norwood, Mercer Codnty. They were the parents 
of ii children, of whom eight are still living. 

Mr. Campbell is the fourth child. He was 12 
years old when his father's family removed to Illi- 
nois. He had obtained a fair education before com- 
ing to this State, but after removal hither he contin- 
ued his studies in the common schools of Spring 
Grove Township. In the interims of school he en- 
gaged in the duties of farming. He obtained a prac- 
tical education, and in 1874 he commenced teaching. 
He made his first engagement as a pedagogue in 
District No. 5, of the same township in which he now 



lives. In July, 1877, he bought an interest in the 
dry-goods establishment of G. B. Hardy, at Alexis, 
and carried on a commercial business for 14 months. 
He sold out at the end of that time and resumed 
teaching, to which profession he has since devoted 
himself exclusively, having been engaged for nearly 
eight years in the schools of Alexis. 

Politically, Mr. Campbell is a Democrat. He has 
officiated as Collector in his township and is serving 
a second term in his present official position. 

He formed a matrimonial alliance with Ida Mc- 
Bride, Oct. n, 1877. She was born in Monmouth, 
and is the daughter of Abisha and Parmelia (Alley) 
McBride. Their children are Freddie H. and Stan- 
ley Vergne. Mr. and Mrs. Campbell are members 
of the Presbyterian Church and he is one of the El- 
ders of his congregation. 




oseph S. Gowdy, engaged as an agricultur- 
ist on section 24, Hale Township,, was 
born in Clarke Co., .Ohio, June 29, 1831. 
He lived at the place of his nativity until he 
was about 20 years of age, when he decided Jo 
come Westward, deeming the facilities better 
there for acquiring a competency than in the East. 
He has, since 1851, made his residence in Warren 
County, with the exception of two years spent in 
Henderson County. He purchased 70 acres of land, 
which, by his careful judgment and energy, has been 
put in an advanced state of cultivation, and is second 
to none in the township in its appearance to-day. 

Mr. Gowdy was united in marriage in Hale Town- 
ship, Oct. 24, 1860, with Eliza Hess, who was born 
in Clarke Co., Ohio, Feb. 8, 1840. Of their union, 
four children have been born, their names being as 
follows : Lunetta B., Henry C., Meda A. and Nan- 
nie L. Mr. Gowdy has been School Director, and 
himself and wife are members of the United Presby- 
terian Church. Politically, Mr. Gowdy is a Repub- 
lican. 

The parents, John and Ann (Steele) Gowdy, were 
natives respectively of Ohio and Kentucky. They 
came to Warren County before the days of railroads, 
locating in Hale Township as early as 1851. Here 



200 



WARREN COUNTY. 



1 



they lived for over a quarter of a century, becoming 
well known and highly respected people of that com- 
munity. The elder Gowdy died Oct. 12, 1864, his 
wife dying March 8, 1880. The parents of Mrs. 
Gowdy were Christian and Nancy (Sellburger) Hess. 
They were both born in Pennsylvania. Mr. Hess 
came to Warren County the year before the elder 
Gowdy, being in the spring of 1850. His wife died 
in Ohio, in May, 1845. He lives at Kirkwood, 111. 




\ saac Jenkins, a retired farmer residing in 
Berwick village, was born in Clermont Co., 
Ohio, Aug. 20, 1814, and is a son of Zeph- 
aniah Jenkins, who was born Aug. 9, 1789, in 
New Jersey, and who moved with his parents 
t to Ohio in 1805, where he remained until his 
death, which took place Dec. i, 1854. Zephaniah 
Jenkins was married Jan. 16, 1812, to Miss South, 
who was born in New Jersey, in 1789, and died in 
Ohio, in 1844. Their children were four in num- 
ber, John S., Isaac, Frances M. and Elijah. 

Isaac Jenkins, the subject of this biographical 
no.tice, worked on his father's farm and attended the 
common school, developing into manhood. He also 
passed a portion of his time in clerking in his native 
State before coming to this county. He came here 
March 25, 1853, and engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits, which he continued until the time he removed 
to Berwick village. 

Mr. Jenkins was married to Miss Caroline Kellum, 
March 4, 1841, in Ohio, Rev. Fife, of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, officiating. She was born Sept. 
19, 1817, in New Jersey, her parents moving to Ohio 
when she was but one year old. Her father, James 
Kellum, was born May i, 1792, and died May 30, 
1878, in Berwick. He was married to Ann Albert- 
son, in 1816, who died Oct. 20, 1880. The issue of 
their union was nine children, Caroline, wife of the 
subject of this sketch ; Elizabeth, born April 30, 
1819; Maria, July, 26, 1821; Rebecca, Dec. 13, 
1823; James, Sept. 20, 1826; Josiah, Aug. 13, 1829; 
John M., March 20, 1832; Edward M., Nov. 30, 
1834; Sanford W., March 21, 1837. 

Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds have had born to them 



five children, three of whom are deceased. The 
record is as follows: Annie, born Dec. 3, 1841; 
John, April i, 1844, died May 19, 1866; Amanda, 
born Nov. 23, 1847, died Nov. 19, 1848; Dean F., 
born Oct. u, 1850, died the same year; Belle, born 
March 15, 1857. 

Mr. Jenkins has 7654 acres of good farm land on 
section 8, Berwick Township, and also 2*4 acres 
inside the corporate limits of Berwick village, on 
which he has a good residence and there resides re- 
tired from the active labors of life. Socially, he is a 
member of the Order of Good Templars and also of 
the I. O. O. F., to which latter organization he has 
belonged for 36 years. He at present is a member 
of Lodge No. 84, Abingdon. Religiously, he and 
his wife are members of the Baptist Church located 
at Berwick, and politically, he votes with the Re- 
publican party. 

The grandfather of Mrs. Jenkins, James Kellum, 
was born Jan. 18, 1758, and died April 26, 1817, and 
his wife, Elizabeth Kellum, was born Feb. n, 1759, 
and died in 1819. Their children were, Gilbert, 
born April 8, 1780, died May 19, 1844; Ziba, born 
Feb. 18, 1782, died May 12, 1832; John, born April 
23, 1785; Lovisa, born Aug. 12, 1787; Rebecca, 
Dec. 23, 1789; James, May i, 1792; Elizabeth, 
Jan. 17, 1795; William, birth unknown ; Aaron, born 
June 6, 1800. 




.ark S. Douglas, manager of the Star Livery, 
Sale and Feed Stables, of Monmouth, is a 
native of that city, having been born Sept. 
13, 1847. He is the son of Samuel Douglas, 
whose biography will be found elsewhere in the 
pages of this work. Hark S. was educated at 
the Monmouth schools and studied law some time 
with Mr. Almon Kidder, but the " turf" was always 
more attractive to him than were the pages of Coke 
or Blackstone, so we find him in 1880 engaged in 
the livery business, to the management of which he 
has since devoted himself with an assiduity that fully 
betokens his eminent fitness for that particular sphere 
in life. And, in point of fact, aside from a horse 
show or a horse race, his present business affords him 



WARREN COUNTY. 



JO I 



more real pleasure than anything else that he could 
possibly engage in. 

He was too young for a soldier and too honest for 
a politician, so the name of Hark Douglas will prob- 
ably continue for some time to be found among the 
plain, every-day people, though it is not likely that 
as a rule the class named will have quite as much 
fun as he will. > In politics, the Republicans claim 
him, but as he boasts of being a " Mugwump," it is 
evident that his great love for the old land-marks of 
that party did not include a certain " plumed knight." 

Mr. D. was married at Abingdon, 111., Feb. 15, 
1872,10 Miss Lidie Reynolds, a native of Warren 
County, 111. They have two children, a girl and 
boy, bearing the names of Leota and S. Leonard. 




Sillis Fruit is an old settler of Warren 
County and is a farmer on section 25, 
Kelly Township. He was born Aug. 3, 
1810, in Henderson Co., Ky., and is the son 
of Doakes and Milly (Hanks) Pruit. His 
parents were natives of North Carolina, and 
were among the earliest pioneers of the county in 
Kentucky where their son was born. They both 
died there. 

Mr. Pruit received the bringing up and education 
of a farmer's son, and in 1829 he went to Brecken- 
ridge County, in his native State, where he liyed four 
years. While there, in 1832, he was married to Jane 
Moredock. She was a native of the county where 
she was married, and was born Dec. 24, 1823. Mr. 
and Mrs. Pruit left that county in the year in which 
they were married and returned thither in 1834. Mr. 
Pruit engaged in farming until the struggle between 
Texas and Mexico gave opportunity to see the world, 
and he enlisted in the service of the Mexican govern- 
ment. He was in service there three years and was 
in the action at San Jacinto under Santa Anna. He 
remained a year in Henderson County after his re- 
turn to Kentucky, and went thence to New Madrid 
Co., Mo., where he operated as a farmer two years. 
In 1845, he came to Warren County. He ob- 
tained the ownership of the farm on which he has 
resided for forty years and on which there had been 



a few acres of prairie broken. He erected a log 
cabin, and when the structure burned three years 
later he erected the frame house in which his family 
have since lived. Mrs. Pruit died in 1879. They 
had five children. William is a resident of Furness 
Co., Neb. ; Lucy is Mrs. S. G. Heflin, of Shelby Co., 
Iowa; Abby is married to Mr. E. Guernsey, of Pot- 
tawatomie Co., Iowa ; Alfred G. lives in York Co., 
Neb. ; Jennie is the wife of Homer Guernsey, and 
they are the managers of the Pruit homestead. 




eorge W. Robinson, the owner of 250 
acres of good farm land located on sec- 
tions 5, 6 and 17, Berwick Township, and 
which he is actively engaged in cultivating, 
was born in Chautauqua Co., N. Y., Dec. 5, 
1842. He is a son of William Robinson, also 
a native of York State, born there in 1812, and who 
died in his native State in 1876. The father mar- 
ried a Miss Ruah Newman in 1834. She was born<J 
in 1815, in New Jersey, and died iiv 1878. They! 
were the parents of four children, born in the follow- 
ing order: Lydia M., Oct. 28, 1836 ; Cordelia, Nov.] 
7, 1838; William W., Nov. 28, 1840; George W., 
Dec. s, 1842. 

George W. Robinson formed a matrimonial alli- 
ance Oct. 24, 1867, with Miss Anna Jenkins, who 
was born in the Buckeye State, Dec. 3, 1841. Her 
father, Isaac Jenkins, was born in Clermont Co., Ohio, 
in 1815. He married Miss Caroline Kellum (born 
Sept. 19, 1818,) March 4, 1841, and came to Illinois in 
1853. They are the parents of five children and are 
both yet living, passing the sunset of their lives in 
peace and quiet in the village of Berwick. Their chil- 
dren are Anna, wife of the subject of this notice; 
John, born April i, 1844 ; Amanda died in infancy ; 
Dean, who also died in infancy; and Belle, born in 

1857- 

The children born to Mr. and Mrs. Robinson of 
this notice are John W., born May 4, 1869; Edith, 
Dec. 9, 1873; Claude, June 7, 1875; Zaida Belle, 
May 6, 1879; and Arthur Garfield, Oct. 8, 1881. 

Mr. Robinson enlisted in the War for the Union, 
joining Co. C, 83d 111. Vol. Inf., Aug. 9, 1862, and 
was mustered into the service at Monmouth, 111. 



202 



WARREN COUNTY. 



He accompanied his regiment to Cairo, 111., where 
it remained some two weeks. He was first in active 
service at Forts Henry and Hindman ; was then 
ordered to Fort Donelson, and participated in the 
battle of Feb. 3, 1863 ; then went to Clarksville, 
Tenn., at which point he remained until he was 
mustered out, July 5, 1865. He was once wounded 
(in the back of the neck), but it was not sufficiently 
serious to prevent him from participating in every 
battle in which his company was engaged up to the 
time of being mustered out of service. 

On receiving his discharge, he returned to this 
county and again engaged in the peaceful pursuits 
of life. On his fine farm of 250 acres he has a good 
residence and barn, and is meeting with that success 
in life which is duly merited by a man of his energy 
and perseverance. Socially, he is a member of the 
G. A. R., Post, No. 239, at Monmouth, and, in his 
politics, votes as he shot, with the Republican party. 




^lonzo Sperry, formerly an agriculturist of 
this county, but who at present is passing 
the sunset of his life in quiet retirement, 
residing on section 10, Hale Township, was 
born in Ashtabula Co., Ohio, Nov. 22, 1822. 
He continued to reside in his native State un- 
til about 1849, when he went to Jefferson Co., Wis., 
and there lived until 1860. During that year he 
came to this county and became a citizen of Mon- 
mouth Township, from whence he moved to Lenox 
Township, and then, in 1874, made another removal, 
locating in Hale Township, where for the past n 
years he has continued to reside. He has disposed 
of his real estate and now lives a retired life in Hale 
Township. 

The marriage of Alonzo Sperry to Miss Julia 
Heath, occurred Nov. 15, 1844, in Ashtabula Co., 
Ohio. She was born in the county in which she was 
married, Aug. 2, 1826, and has borne her husband 
three children, Aura E., George VV. and Plin R. 
Aura was married to George Lynch Jan. 31, 1863, 
. but is now residing with her brother in Hale Town- 
ship; George W. is a mechanic living at Monmouth; 
and Plin R. is engaged in farming, living in Hale 
Township^where he is the owner of 90 acres of land, 
the major portion of which is tillable. 



In politics, Mr. Sperry endorses the principles ad- 
vocated by the Democratic party. 




evi B. Cowick, farmer and stock-raiser, re- 
siding in Larchland, and owning 240 acres 
of improved and well equipped farm land, 
in Lenox Township, is the second child in or- 
der of birth of his parent's family. He was born 
Sept. 2, 1846, in Cumberland Co., Pa. John 
and Hannah (Bixler) Cowick, his parents, were na- 
tives of the Keystone State, coming to Warren Co., 
111., in 1854, \vhen they settled in Monmouth. They 
now reside in Lenox Township. Their children were 
Mary, Levi B. and Samuel R. Mary and Samuel R. 
reside in Kansas. 

Levi B. Cowick, the gentleman whose name heads 
this biographical notice, was but a child of eight . 
years when his parents removed to Warren County, 
and of which he has since been a resident. Mr. 
Cowick was among the many who with brave hearts _- 
and strong arms successfully defended the Union 
flag in the struggle against treason. He enlisted in 
May, 1864, in the i38th 111. Vol. Inf., and served 
until the October following, when he returned to 
this county and engaged in agricultural pursuits, 
becoming also quite an extensive stock dealer. He 
has endeavored hard and earnestly to put his land 
.under the best cultivation possible and has succeed- 
ed, for at present his farm of 240 acres, entirely 
fenced and improved with all necessary farm build- 
ings, farming implements, machinery, etc., is second 
to none in the township. 

The marriage of Sarah O. Jones and Levi B. Cow- 
ick occurred in Tompkins Township, this county, on 
Feb. 22, 1872, she being a daughter of Calvin and 
Rebecca (McQuown) Jones, who were natives of 
Virginia. They came to Warren County about the 
year 1854, and settled in Tompkins Township, mak- 
ing it their permanent home. Of their union were 
born four children, John, Furney, Parker and Sa- 
rah O., our subject's wife, who was born Oct. 10, 
1850, in the State of Virginia. Mr. and Mrs. Cow- 
ick have had two children, Arthur G. and Frank 
B. Mr. C. has been Justice of the Peace for ten years, 
and in politics is identified with the Republican party. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



205 




1; hilip J. Karns, a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 32, Berwick Township, was born in 
the Province of Baden, Germany, Oct. 22, 
1815, and came to the United States in 1828, 
with his uncle, Jacob Sackman. He landed 
at New York city after a voyage of 52 days on 
a sailing vessel, and Was one of three persons out of 
360 that was not affected by what is known as sea- 
sickness. 

Soon after landing he accompanied his uncle 
to Lancaster, Ohio, where he remained until 1842, 
when he removed to Morgan Co., Ind. In that 
county he remained some five years, engaged in 
farming, when he came to Greenbush Township, this- 
county, and there followed his chosen vocation, that 
of agriculture, until 1870, when he moved one half 
mile north into Berwick Township, where, on section 
32, he had purchased 467 acres of land, and which 
he has increased by subsequent purchases to 700 
acres. He has a fine residence on his place, cover- 
ing 166 feet of ground, two stories in height, with a 
cellar under the entire building, and it is said to be 
one of the most splendid farm dwellings in Warren 
County. It was erected at a cost of $7,000. Not 
alone to agriculture does Mr. Karns attribute his 
financial success. He is and has been engaged to a 
considerable extent in the breeding of Norman horses, 
and also lias a fine lot of mules. He has one span 
of roadsters on the farm which are " beauties," and is 
also extensively engaged in raising Poland-China 
hogs and Short-horn cattle. His herd of cattle are 
seven-eighths full blood. 

Mr. Karns formed a matrimonial alliance Aug. 20, 
1837, in Ohio, with' Miss Anna Ellinger, the cere- 
mony being performed by George W. Sanders, Justice 
of the Peace. She was born Nov. 15, 1817, in Fair- 
field Co., Ohio, and has borne her husband n chil- 
dren, six of whom are deceased. The living are: 
Catherine, born July 3, 1838; Margaret A., Oct. 27, 
1842; Jacob, Aug." 20, 1854 ; William H., Nov. 24, 
1858; Joseph L., Jan. 5, 1863. Catherine married 
Riley Adams, and now resides in Hardin Co., Iowa, 
and is the mother of eight children. Margarette is 
' the wife of George Emerick ; they live in Bourbon 



Co., Kan., and are the parents of nine children. 
Jacob married Amanda Johnson, and they live upon 
the home farm, and are the parents of three children. 
Samuel L married Edwina Bond; he died Nov. i, 
1873, and left two children, Nora and Hulda May. 
His widow married Dr. William Randall. John 
Hemy married Clara Nier. He died when about 30 
years of age, leaving two children, now deceased. His 
widow married Charles Thomas. Thefatherof Mrs. 
Karns, Joseph Ellinger, was born Dec. 30, 1785, in 
Pennsylvania. He married Miss Nancy Bowman, 
Feb. 14, 1815, who was born Dec. 10. 1787, and died 
March 30, 1862, her husband having preceded her 
totheTand of the hereafter Oct. 6, 1853. Their 
children were seven in number, and named as fol- 
lows : Catherine, born April 4, 1816; Ann, Nov. 15, 
1819: Samuel L., Jan. 17, 1820; Mary, June 20, 
1823; Elizabeth, July 30, 1826; John E., twin 
brother to Elizabeth; and Barbara, Nov. 30, 1828. 
Catherine and Ann still survive, at the venerable ages 
of 79 and 76 respectively. Mr. and Mrs. Karns have 
22 grandchildren, and are passing the sunset of their 
lives in peace and quiet on their homestead, enjoy- 
ing their accumulations of the past. On the cele- . 
bration of Mr. Karns' 7oth birth-day, his children 
and grandchildren, friends and relatives to the num- 
ber of 90 assembled to do honor to the old gen- 
tleman.- 

Mr. Karns is a member of the Lutheran Church 
and his wife of the Baptist Church. In 1836 he cast 
his first vote, which was for Harrison. In 1856, upon 
the formation of the Republican party, he' joined it, 
and from that time to the present has remained a 
firm, staunch and liberal supporter of the principles 
of that party. 



illiam H. Brooks, one of the representa- 
tive men and respected citizens of Warren 
County, is engaged in farming and stock- 
raising on sections 9 and 10, Roseville Town- 
ship, where he has always resided. The 
date of his birth is Jan. i, 1846, and he is the 
son of Thompson and Harriet E. (Ray) Brooks, who 
are natives of Kentucky and who came to Illinois 
with their parents before their marriage and were 
among the early settlers of the State. Their mar- 




2o6 



WARREN COUNTY. 



riage occurred May 18, 1840. They had three sons, 
of whom W. H. is the only survivor. After coming 
to Illinois, they purchased 80 acres of land in Rose- 
ville Township, and afterward added to their landed 
interests 520 acres. Here they lived until their 
deaths, the father's occurring April 23, 1871, and 
the mother's March 22, 1878. 

William H., whose name heads this biographical 
notice, remained on the homestead with his parents 
until their death. Since these sad events he has 
had possession of the estate, and has added to the 
original homestead until at present he is the pos- 
sessor of 700 acres, which is well stocked with cattle, 
horses and swine. We are pleased to give a full- 
page view of his residence and farm buildings, which 
may be seen on the preceding page. 

Mr. Brooks was married to Miss Amanda E. Forl, 
March 4, 1866. Like her husband, Mrs. Brooks is 
also a native of Illinois. She is a daughter of Wash- 
ington Fort, of Henderson Co., 111. Her parents 
were natives of Kentucky and prominent settlers of 
Henderson County. Mrs. Brooks has borne to her 
husband five children, namely : Efifa, George T., 
John F., Jessie and Harriet. 

Mr. Brooks has held the office of Road Commis- 
sioner of his township, and both he and his wife are 
members of the Baptist Church. Mr. Brooks is one of 
the solid and substantial men of Warren County. 
Politically, he is identified with the Democratic 
party. 



arren B. Jenks, the owner and manager 
of 100 acres of excellent improved land 
and 1 6 acres of timber, residing on section 
26 of Lenox Township, is the son of Eras- 
tus and Polly F. (Wilber) Jenks, natives of 
the Empire State. They were married and set- 
tled in Warren County, where, in Lenox Township, 
they have since made their home. Their famly con- 
sists of five children, Alice P., Warren B., Ann H., 
Genie and Flora G. Gertie is deceased. 

Warren B. Jenks, (if whom we write, was born in 
Lenox Township on the igth day of September, 1846, 
and received a fair English education and has al- 
ways made this his place of residence, When a 




young man he had accumulated sufficient of his earn- 
ings to procure a good farm of 100 acres, which op- 
portunity he took advantage of, and now is the 
proprietor of as nice a farm as there is in his town- 
ship. The appearance of the same presents that 
thrift and hard labor characteristic of our subject, 
and his farm is now cultivated to a high degree, with 
a fine residence and all the necessary and suitable 
farm buildings erected thereon. 

Mr. Jenks. was married on the 7th of February, 
1875, to Miss Lucy, daughter of Asa Capps (see 
sketch of F. L Capps). The ceremony was per- 
formed in Lenox Township. Mrs. Jenks was born 
there, Oct. 15, 1855. Of this union were born 
four children, Mabel L., Wilber B., Edna F. and 
Chester G. Mr. Jenks lias served his township as 
School Director, besides having held other minor 
offices, and with his wife is a member of the Baptist 
Church. In political opinion he is identified with the 
Republican party. 




lorance K. Morris, M. D., practicing 
physician residing at Berwick, was born in 
Greene Co., Pa., April 18, 1849, and is the 
son of James B. Morris, a native of Mt. Mor- 
ris, Pa., where he was born in 1827. The 
father was a miller by trade, and soon after the 
breaking out of the late Civil War, enlisted in the 
cause for the Union, joining a regiment of infantry, 
and was selected as Captain of Co. F, and served in 
that position for two years. At the expiration of that 
time, he was commissioned Major in the 7th W. Va. 
Inf. and served until his discharge in 1864. He 
participated in several hotly contested engagements 
while in the service. The father was married in 
1848 to Miss Kezia Way, a native of West Virginia, 
where she was born in 1825. They are both living, 
and have been blessed by the birth of seven children : 
Florance, the subject of this notice ; Sturgis W. was 
born Aug. 8, 1850; Josephine S., April 8, 1852; 
Mary J., September, 1854; Arabella, April 28, 1856; 
Emma L., Dec. 15, 1858; George T., October, 1860. 
Dr. Florance K. Morris was united in marriage to 
Miss Emma L. Kelley, June 22, 1876, in West Vir- 
ginia. She was born in that State in 1851, and has 
borne her husband three children, namely: Lena 



: 



WARREN COUNTY. 



May, born April 9, 1877 ; Mary M., March 28, 1879; 
and Emma B., Oct. n, 1882. Dr. Morris com- 
menced the study of medicine at Mt. Morris, his na- 
tive State; there he read one year under the instruc- 
tion of Dr. Spencer Morris and two years under Dr. 
Leander McMillan. He then attended Jefferson 
Medical College, at Philadelphia, followed the curric- 
ulum of that institution two years and graduated 
thereat with honors March 1 1, 1876, receiving his 
diploma. In April of the same year, he engaged in 
the practice of his profession in his native State, and 
then, in April, 1884, came to Berwick village, and 
has since followed his practice at that place. By 
carefully diagnosing his cases and bringing his ex- 
perience and study directly to bear upon them, to- 
gether with his close application to eacli and every 
case he has in hand, the doctor has built up a fine 
practice, both in medicine and surgery. That he 
might be sure of pure drugs, which to use with his 
practice and which are so essential in the treatn ent 
of cases, he engaged in the drug business at Berwick, 
which he is at present conducting in connection 
with his practice. In politics he is a Republican. 



loseph M. White, a well-to-do and suc- 
\ji cessful farmer and stock-raiser, residing 
on section 27, Monmouth Township, is a 
native of Pennsylvania, having been born in 
Honey Brook, Chester County, that Mate, April 
12, 1833. The father of Mr. White, of this 
notice, Thomas White, was a native of the same 
State as his son, his father also having been born in 
that State. Thomas was of Irish descent and in 
early life learned the trade of blacksmith, which, in 
the sunset of his years, lie abandoned to follow the 
vocation of a farmer. The parents of Thomas 
White always resided in their native State until 
their death. Thomas was the third child in order of 
birth of a family of five sons and one daughter. He 
was married in Chester Co., Pa., to Catherine Mar- 
pie, who was a native of the same county and State 
in which she was married, and was the only daugh- 
ter in a family of four children by her father's first 
marriage, the issue of his second marriage being 
two children. 

The gentleman whose name heads this biographi- 

A 1 




cal notice was the oldest and only son of his father's 
family, the remaining child being a daughter, Mary 
J., who attained the age of majority and became the 
wife of George Brown, a merchant in Fayette Co., 
Pa. The early education of Mr. White was ac- 
quired in the common schools, after which he at- 
tended college at Meadville, Crawford County, his 
native State. He continued to reside on the old 
family homestead until he attained the age of man- 
hood, in the meantime engaged in teaching. On at- 
taining his majority he set forth upon the road of 
adversity to fight the battles of life single-handed 
and alone, and engaged in farming. His marriage 
occurred in Fayette Co., Pa., where his parents had 
removed when he was two years old, March 18, 
1858, when Miss Sarah J. Rankin, the daughter of 
James and Rachel (Hill) Rankin, natives of Penn- 
sylvania, became his wife. Her father and mother 
were both children of Pennsylvania farmers and 
were of Irish extraction and American parentage. 
Her father's family consisted of seven children, of 
whom Mrs. White was next to the oldest. She was 
born in Fayette County, Nov. 20, 1834. Her father 
died in Pennsylvania about 1875, aged 67 years, and 
her mother is yet living and resides on the old 
homestead in that State. Mrs. White was educated 
in the common schools at the college at Waynes- 
burg. Greene County, her native State. She lives at 
home, and for a portion of her time prior to her mar- 
riage was engaged in the occupation of a teacher. 
Mr. and Mrs. White have become the parents of 
three children, one of whom is deceased. Thomas 
is a resident of Lenox Township; Lucian resides at 
home, and Roclanea is deceased. 

After Mr. and Mrs;. White were united in marriage 
they continued to reside in Pennsylvania for a short 
time, when in the fall of 1858 they came West and 
located on a farm of tot acres, which was partly im- 
proved. Mr. White has since devoted his time to 
that pursuit in life. In 1869, in company with A. 
M. Black, Mr. White leased 1,400 acres of land in 
Monmouth Township, which embraced the present 
site of the Monmouth Mining Manufacturing Com- 
pany. This company was first organized by Joseph 
M. White and A. M. Black. They bored for coal 
at an expense of about $1,000, and found a coal vein 
of two feet; but the most important discovery was 
fire-clay. The first vein of fire-clay is about three 




208 



WARREN COUNTY. 






feet thick. Going still farther down, they found su- 
perior quality, a vein of fire-clay, eight to ten feet 
thick. As the coal could not be economically worked, 
and the fire-clay being found of great value, they 
turned their attention to the full development of that 
discovery. In order to do that successfully, a stock 
company was organized by Messrs. White & Black 
for the purpose of manufacturing sewer-pipe, fire- 
brick, etc. The stock was $50,000. The capital 
stock was subsequently raised to $100,000. Mr. 
White was a director in the first board, and a 
stockholder until the fall of 1884. The establish- 
ment now is among the largest of its kind in the 
State; and much credit is due to Mr. White for 
his energy in aiding to establish this great en- 
terprise. He has done his full share in building 
up the city of Monmouth. Mr. White continued 
his connection with it until recently. At present he 
is the owner, in Monmouth Township, of 182^ acres, 
and 40 acres in Lenox Township. He has a fine, 
we might say magnificent, residence on his place, 
and is meeting with that success in. life which his 
energy, perseverance and good judgment have 
brought him. He and his wife are active mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, of which 
denomination Mr. W. is at present Trustee. In poli- 
tics Mr. White is classified as a " true blue " Repub- 
lican. 




} rs. Mary C. Klingingsmith is the widow 
of Philip Klingingsmith, one of the pio- 
neers of Roseville Township, and for 
ft \ many years a prominent and influential 
business man of the village. He was born in 
1820, in Pennsylvania, and came to Illinois in 
1855, selecting a quarter of a section of land in 
Roseville Township. Here for over 20 years, until 
1877, he was engaged in agricultural pursuits. Dur- 
ing that year he moved into the village of Roseville 
and purchased the Roseville Flouring-Mill. This 
he continued to run until his death, which occurred 
Nov. 27, 1884. Besides his mill he owned six dwell- 
ing-houses, and 160 acres of land lying three miles 
northeast of Roseville, all of which he managed him- 
self. He was an enterprising man and a valuable 



citizen to any village, and in his death Roseville lost 
one of her most esteemed citizens. 

Mr. Klingingsmith was married to Mrs. Mary C. 
Rogers, widow of John Rogers, Sept. 25, 1875. She 
was a native of Virginia and the daughter of James 
and Elizabeth Jane (Robinson) Clemmer. Her par- 
ents were natives of Fayette Co., Pa., came to Illinois 
in 1862 and settled upon a farm in Berwick Town- 
ship, this county, where they lived until 1879, when 
they removed to Iowa, and in 1884 removed to Ne- 
braska. Mrs. Klingingsmith, who was born in 1847, 
resides in Roseville and has one daughter living with 
her, Emily U. Rogers, who was a child by her former 
husband. 

Mr. Rogers was a native of Missouri and a resi- 
dent of Berwick Township at the time of his mar- 
riage to Miss Mary C. Clemmer. He died in 1868, 
in Quincy. Mrs. Klingingsmith was raised in Dod- 
dridge Co., Va., and remained there until she was 
14 years of age, when her parents came to Illinois 
and to Berwick Township. He also owns the flour- 
ing-mill. 




osephus Kirby, a successful farmer and 
respected citizen of Warren County, resid- 
ing on section 7, Berwick Township, was 
born in Greene Co., Pa., Dec. 26, 1834, and is 
a son of Joseph H. Kirby, who was born in 
the same county and State, Feb. 21, 1802. 
Joseph H. Kirby was married Oct. 26, r824. 

Mr. Kirby of this sketch traces his ancestry in 
this country back to Richard and Anna Kirby, who 
had a son, Joseph, who was born Oct. 18, 1731. 
Joseph Kirby was married and had a son, Isaac, 
who was born Sept. 23, 1756 Isaac was married 
and had a son, Joseph H. Kirby, the father of the 
subject of this notice. Joseph H. Kirby came to 
this State in 1853, and located in Berwick Township, 
this county, where he purchased 270 acres of land, 
on which he located with his family and engaged 
vigorously upon the task of its improvement. Of 
their union nine children were born, whose names 
are Isaac B., born June 25, 1825; Emily, Jan. 23, 
1827; John M., Dec. 24, 1830; Margaret, Feb. 5, 
1833; Josephus, subject of this sketch, Dec. 26 



WARREN COUNTY. 



209 






1834; Phebe A., July 22, 1837; Sarah J., Sept. n, 
1839; Mary E., Oct. 26. 1842; and George W., 
April 24, 1847. Of the nine children, three only 
are now living, John M., Isaac B. and Joseplms. 
Joseph H. made his trip to this county overland 
with wagons and teams, and was occupied 27 days 
in the journey. Since coming here he has devoted 
his time exclusively to agricultural pursuits, and yet 
survives, at the venerable age of 84 years. In pol- 
itics, he is an adherent of the Democratic party, and 
he and his wife are members of the Methodist Prot- 
estant Church. 

Josephus Kirby, subject of this biographical notice, 
has followed agricultural pursuits all his life. He 
received such edacation as was to be acquired in 
the common schools and worked on his father's farm 
in Pennsylvania until his parents emigrated to this 
county, when he emigrated with them, and has here 
continued to follow the vocation which he had 
learned in early life. He was united in marriage to 
Fannie E. Townsend in 1862, Rev. P. P. Sirley 
officiating. Miss Townsend was born April 19, 1843, 
in New Yoik and has borne her husband six chil- 
dren, Jennie S., born June 29, 1863; Nellie A., Jan. 
24, 1865 ; Leeny F., Aug. 26, 1869; Harry T., Aug. 
29, 1871; Ross J., Aug. 13, 1874; and Ralph, June 
13, 1880. 

Mr. Kirby, in addition to the cultivation of his 
land, is devoting considerable attention to the 
raising of fine stock, in which he is meeting with 
success. He belongs to the Order of Good Tem- 
plars, and religiously, he and his wife are members of 
the Baptist Church. 




jilliam P. Speakman, raiser of sugar cane 
and manufacturer of sorghum, and also a 
general farmer, residing on section 31, 
Monmouth Township, was born in New Lin, 
Chester Co., Pa., June 29, 1836. Jacob 
Speakman, father of the gentleman whose name 
heads this notice, was a native of the same county 
and State as his son, and was of English descent and 
American parentage. He was married in Chester 
Co., Pa., to Miss Hannah Mitchner, a native of the 
county and State where she was married. After their 






marriage they continued to reside in Pennsylvania, 
where Jacob Speakman was engaged in farming and 
operating a grist-rnill until 1854. During that year 
they came West and settled in Tompkins Township, 
this county, where they purchased and improved a 
tract of uncultivated land, on which they resided 
until 1864. Jacob then moved to Monmouth Town- 
ship, where, near the city limits of Monmouth, he 
purchased 36 acres of improved land. On this land 
he and his family moved and there resided until the 
death of the mother, which occurred in 1879, in her 
dgthyear. Jacob is now in his 8ist year. In his 
politics he is a strong adherent to the principles of 
the Republican party, and has always taken an act- 
ive part in local politics. 

After the parents of William P. had moved to this 
county, the subject of this notice continued to reside 
with them until the breaking out of the Civil War, 
when he and his brother, Henry C., enlisted in the 
83d 111. Vol Inf., Co. A, the date of their enlistment 
being Aug. 2, 1862. His regiment was assigned to ' 
the Army of the Cumberland and was under com- 
mand of Gen. Thomas. It participated in the bat- 
tle of Fort Donelson in February, 1863, in that of 
Pulaski in 1864; also the battle of Athens, Tenn., 
and many skirmishes. The two brothers were in all 
the engagements in which the regiment participated, J 
and both received an honorable discharge in Chicago, 
in 1865. After his discharge Mr. Speakman returned 
to his home, and two weeks later was married, on the 
zist of July, 1865, to Miss Parnee L. Harroun. She 
was born near Meadville, Crawford Co., Pa., June 
n, 1839. Her father, J. E. Harroun, was Captain 
of a militia company and engaged in the various 
Indian troubles on the Pennsylvania frontier, near 
Erie. His life occupation was varied, and he died 
when Mrs. Speakman was but seven years old. She 
then went to Wisconsin with her mother, Lucinda 
(Hastings) Harroun, and there resided for seven 
years, when her mother died After ihe death of her 
mother, Mrs. Speakman resided with relatives until 
her marriage. Of her union with Mr. S. six children 
have been born, three of whom are deceased. Hur- 
bert G., Rutherna and Fannie are living, and El- 
wood, Mary and Ruth are deceased. After their 
marriage, Mr. and Mrs. S. located on the farm and 
followed that vocation in life for a while, when Mr. 
Speakman purchased eight acres, on which he is at 
present residing and engaged in his present occupa- 



- 



210 



WARREN COUNTY. 




tion of manufacturing sorghum. He has a mill on 
his place with a capacity of 25,000 gallons for the 
season, and he is at present making about 20,000 
gallons annually. The mill is owned by himself and 
brothers, who raise sugar cane for their own manu- 
facture and also manufacture sorghum for the neigh- 
borhood. In politics Mr. Speakman is a believer in 
and a supporter of the principles of the Republican 
party. 



mdolph A. Beck, a member of the mercan- 
: tile firm of Beck & Lewis, at Berwick, was 
born in Ehingen, Wurtemburg, Germany, 
Aug. 18, 1834, his parents being Henry and 
Anna Beck. He received his education in 
the public schools of his native country, at- 
tending them until he was nine years of age, when 
he entered college and there remained until he was 
14. The father of our subject, Henry Beck, died 
Dec. 21, 1848, aged 42 years. Rudolph, after this 
sad event, was sent by his mother to a friend of his 
father's, at Merger, to learn the confectioner's trade. 
He lived in that beautiful country for some six 
months, and on returning home he stopped at Berne 
and fell in with Sigel's German insurgents, with 
whom he remained for awhile and then returned to 
Germany. After his return he was sent to Hoch- 
ingen to finish his apprenticeship, and there remained 
for two and a half years. He then again went to 
France, from there to Switzerland and then back to 
his native land, Germany. After staying at home 
six weeks, in 1853, he emigrated to the United States 
via Liverpool, Eng. After a voyage of 30 days, he 
landed in New York, where he remained for about 
one and a half years, and then went to Lancaster, 
Pa., on foot, and from there to Wheeling, W. Va., 
and then to Sabina, Ohio. In the latter place he 
worked some six months, at the enormous salary of 
$5 per month ! 

Leaving Ohio, 1855, Mr. Beck came to Illinois, 
where he found work on a farm near Berwick village. 
During the spring of 1861 the war for the Union be- 
gan, and Mr. Beck enlisted in October following in 
Co. E, 1 3th 111. Cav., under Capt. Rolland. After 
participating in several skirmishes in Arkansas and 
Missouri, he was sent to Jefferson Barracks Hospital, 
Missouri, where he was discharged. He was mus- 



tered into the service at Chicago, and from there his 
company went to Pilot Knob, Mo., and from there to 
Arkansas, on the White River, where they were en- 
gaged in the battle of Cotton Plant, after which they 
went to Helena, Ark., where Mr. Beck remained for 
some three days, and from which place, as stated, 
he was sent to the hospital, the occasion of which 
being the falling of his horse upon him in the last 
battle in which he participated, and from which he 
has never fully recovered. He received his discharge 
at Jefferson Barracks, Oct. 9, 1862. Returning 
home, Mr. Beck remained in the vicinity of Berwick, 
endeavoring to regain his health, until the 22d day 
of May, 1863, when he started for his native home. 
On arriving in that country and after remaining 
there some three or four months, he was united in 
marriage with Miss Anna Mederle, Sept. 2t, 1863, 
the ceremony being performed by the Rev. Fulgey. 
She was born July 24, 1846. He started back to 
the United States with his bride in October of the 
same year of their marriage, and arrived here in No-1 
vember following. 

Mr. and Mrs. Beck are the parents of four chil- 
dren, Ida T., born July 8, 1866; Cora A., Oct. 17, 
1868; Grace A., Jan. it, 1873; Irma A., July 30, 
1875. Mr. Beck has a fine residence in the village 
of Berwick, 36 x 36 feet in dimensions, and two 
stories in height. In politics, he is a Republican. 
Socially, he is a member of the A. F. & A. M., Lodge 
No. 619, at Cameron, and, religiously, he and his 
wife are members of the Baptist Church. 

The present firm of Beck & Lewis, at Berwick vil- 
lage, carry an average stock of $3,000. They handle 
a general stock of dry goods, hardware, groceries, 
and in fact everything that periains to their business, 
and by fair and honest dealings with their patrons 
have built up a good and constantly increasing trade. 

Mr. Beck has held the office of Postmaster at Ber- 
wick for the last 25 years, and still acts in that ca- 
pacity. 



Henderson. One of the progressive 
and energetic farmers of Warren County 
1 is Mr. S. S. Henderson. He was born in 
*^ Fayette Co., Pa., on the 271)1 of May, 1848, 
and is a son of Harvey and Eliza (Harris) 
Henderson, who were natives of Pennsylvania 
and had a family consisting of 13 children, five of 




- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



21 I 



whom are living. Mrs. Henderson died in Pennsyl- 
vania, March 12, 1870. The father is still a resi- 
dent of Fayette Co., Pa. 

The subject of this notice remained at home until 
he attained his majority, and while there assisted in 
the farm duties and also attended the district schools. 
He afterwards took charge of his father's farm, on 
shares, for six years, which proved very successful, 
and our subject managed to accumulate sufficient to 
enable him to emigrate West, arriving in Larchland, 
this county, in the spring of 1875, and in the fall 
made a purchase of 160 acres, where he now resides, 
and owns 240 acres all together. On this land he is 
engaged extensively in general farming. About the 
year 1881 he was very unfortunate, having his house 
and other buildings burnt, but since has replaced 
them by an elegant residence costing $2,000, and 
good, substantial outbuildings. 

The most important event in the life of Mr. Hen- 
derson occurred on the 5th of November, 1868, when 
he was married to Miss E. J. Woodward, a native of 
Pennsylvania and a daughter of Davis and Mary 
(Boyd) Woodward. They were farmers and the 
" parents of ^children, all of whom are living (except 
' one who died in infancy) and had married and raised 
families of children before the father's death, which 
occurred in 1882. Mr. and Mrs. Henderson are the 
parents of seven children. Mary, Harvey, Davis, 
Amanda, Joseph O., Iran I. and Elizabeth. 

Mr. Henderson belongs to the Order of Masons, 
Monmouth Lodge, No. 37, and Odd Fellows, Warren 
Lodge, No. 1 60, at Monmouih. He has held the 
offices of School Director and Constable of his town- 
ship, and is considered one of the substantial men of 
Warren County. Politically, Mr. H. is identified 
with the Republican party. 



Imiron G. Parker, the junior member of 
the mercantile firm of Foster & Parker, ;it 
Gerlaw, is a native of the county in which 
he is a business man, having been born in the 
township of Cold Brook, March 28, 1849. He 
is the oldest son of Barton S. and Margaret 
(Rowe) Parker, who were pioneers of that part of 
Warren County. The father was a farmer and the 
spn was brought up on the family homestead.. He 




obtained only education in the common schools, and 
all he needed, as he possesses the intelligence neces- 
sary to the management of such business projects as 
he sees fit to engage in ; and contact with the world 
at large is, to a man of his proclivities, equivalent to 
the advantages afforded by extended intimacy with 
the schools ; and it is an open question if the more 
practical course does not the better subserve the idea 
of education. In the spring of 1875 he made his 
first acquaintance with the commercial world, and 
engaged in the capacity of merchant at Cameron, 
where he operated as such until 1881. In that year 
he formed his present business relation at th-; point 
where he is at present located. He has pursued 
the varied avenues of its connection without inter- 
mission ever since. 

His union in marriage to Hulda Jewel took place 
in February, 1870. Mrs. Parker was born in Logan 
Co., Ohio, and in their family five children have 
been born, and Harry, Bertha, Arnold, Alva and 
Charles are their names. The father and mother 
are members of the Christian Church. Mr. Parker 
is a Democrat in political persuasion. 




W. Rhinehart, proprietor of a quar- 
ter-section of land located on section 34, 
Hale Township, where he resides and 
where he is engaged in the active labors of 
an agriculturist, is a nat : ve of New York 
State, having been born in Ulster County, 
Oct. 14, 1824. The parents of Mr. Rhinehart were 
William and Maria (Jansen) Rhinehart, they both 
being natives of Ulster Co., N. Y. The father died 
in October, 1883. The mother still survives and 
lives in New York. They were of the old Huguenot 
stock, coming to this country at an early day. Mr. 
Rhinehart continued to reside in his native county 
until he attained the age of 29 years, receiving the 
education afforded by the common schools and pass- 
ing the major portion of his time until that age on 
the farm. 

In 1853, David W. Rhinehart emigrated from New 
York to this county, and for two years was engaged 
in farming on rented land. He then purchased a 
quarter-section of land on section 34, Hale Town- 
ship, and at once entered actively and vigorously 



212 



WARREN COUNTY. 



upon its improvement and cultivation. He erected 
a good residence, barn and outbuildings and to-day 
has the entire quarter-section in an advanced state 
of cultivation, and the place is indicative of that 
sbility which he possesses in the vocation which he 
has chosen for a life-time pursuit. 

Miss Maria Bruyn, sister of Mrs. Jeremiah Hoorn- 
beck, whose sketch is given elsewhere in this volume, 
on the i7th of November, 1853, in the busy and en- 
terprising little city of Monmouth, became the wife 
of the subject of this notice. She was born in Ulster 
Co., N. Y., March 18, 1832, and during their 32 
years of married life eight children have been born to 
them, whose names are: William, Nathaniel B., 
Lefever, Headley, John, Cornelia, Laura E. and 
Charles J. William resides in Missouri; Nathaniel 
lives in Iowa, and the remaining children live at 
home. 

Mr. Rhineliart, although a gentleman who has no 
craving for public office, preferring to attend strictly 
to the business of his farm life, has held the office 
of Overseer of Highways. He and his wife are 
strict Presbyterians, and in politics Mr. R. vojes 
with and indorses the platform of the Democratic 
parly. 



|[rthur G. Seymour, owning 160 acres of 
good farm land, under an advanced system 
of cultivation, on section 2, Ellison Town- 
ship, was born in Fulton, Oswego Co., N. Y. , 
Nov. 23, 1833. Rodney Seymour, father of 
the gentleman whose name heads this sketch, 
also born in Oswego Co., N. Y., and was the 
white male born in that county. His father 
and two other families moved to that county before 
the hand of civilization had improved an acre of 
ground, and when the same was one dense wilder- 
ness. Rodney was reared at home in Oswego County, 
and the necessity which compelled him to assist in 
the maintenance of the family, and the absence of 
common schools in the community in which he re- 
sided, deterred him from receiving an education 
other than that given by parental instruction. He 
assisted his father in " tree-cutting " and clearing 
his land, and experienced all the trials and privations 
incident to the settlement of a new cpuntry. He 




was 
first 



was married to Amy K. Peabody, a native of Oswego 
County, where she had resided with her parents until 
her marriage. They were also early settlers of that 
county, and continued to reside there until her 
death, which occurred some years ago. 

The parents pf Arthur G. had three children, of 
whom the subject of this notice was the eldest. He 
continued to reside on the parental homestead until 
he was 20 years of age, when, in March, 1860, in 
company with his two sisters, Celesta and Emetine, 
he came to this State, and located in the southeast 
corner of Berwick Township, this county. He rented 
land there and for two years was occupied in its 
cultivation, when he removed to Tompkins Town- 
ship, and was there similarly engaged in the culti- 
vation of rented land for another two years. He 
afterward rented land in Ellison Township and oc- 
cupied his time one year in raising a crop thereon. 
During his residence in that township, Mr. Seymour 
was united in marriage with Mary M. Abdill, daugh- 
ter of Isaac and Mary M. (Bissett) Abdill, natives of 
Delaware and New Jersey respectively, the date of 
their union being Dec. 30, 1864. Her parents were 
married in New Jersey and came West in 1858, and 
located at Keithsburg, 111., having lived in Kentucky : 
for some years after their marriage, from which 
Stale they came here. Her f.ither was a molder and j 
millwright, and died at the residence of his daughter, 
Mrs. Seymour, in Ellison Township, March 6, 1875, 
and his wife, mother of Mrs. Seymour, died at Mon- 
mouth, Jan. 20, 1875. Mrs. Seymour was born in 
Cadiz, Ohio, in 1836. She acquired her education 
in the district schools and resided with her parents 
until her marriage. 

In 1865, Mr. Seymour purchased 160 acres of 
land in this county, the same being his farm upon 
which he at present resides. At the time at which 
he purchased it, it was an unbroken tract of prairie 
land. He located upon it, and by laborious toil has 
succeeded in placing it under the advanced state of 
cultivation in which it is at present. He has a good 
residence on his farm, built some years ago, and the 
place is well supplied with a good barn and neces- 
sary outbuildings. Ten children have been born to 
Mr. and Mrs. Seymour, one of whom is deceased, 
Florence, who became the wife of William Galbrith, 
who is a farmer residing in Ellison Township ; Jes- 
sie M., Willard L., Nellie M., Arlena A., Mamie G., 




WARREN COUNTY. 



Evelina, Fannie, Roscoe and Minnie G., deceased. 
Mrs S. is a member of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

When Mr. Seymour first came to this State, he 
had the enormous capital of 45 cents in his pocket, 
and, in addition to his own support, had the care of 
two sisters. Still, having faith in the future devel- 
opment of the country and a firm determination to 
succeed, backed up by energy, perseverance and 
industry, he " stuck to it," endured the privations 
which a settler in a new country necessarily encoun- 
ters, and was successful. In addition to his home- 
stead in this county, he is the owner of 400 acres of 
good farm land, all fenced and partly improved, in 
Taylor Co., Iowa. 

In politics, Mr. Seymour was formerly a Republi- 
can, but, since the Prohibition party sprang into 
existence, affiliates with that party. 



H- 




["osh.ua W." Barber, a resident on section 
30, Lenox Township, engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits, is a son of Aaron W. and 
Ann C. (Hill) Barber, natives of New Jersey 
and Ohio respectively. They had a family 
consisting of six children, of whom J. W. Bar- 
ber was the second in order of birth. He was born 
in Clermont Co., Ohio, Aug. 13, 1831, and lived at 
home with his parents until 1846, when he came to 
Knox County, this State, and there resided until 
1857. We next find him in Warren County, where 
he located in Lenox Township, and has been a 
resident of this place ever since. 

In October, 1864, lie enlisted in the 3oth 111. Vol. 
Inf., and served for about nine months, and, on re- 
ceiving an honorable discharge, he returned to his 
home in this county and again engaged in the peace- 
ful pursuits of life. His farm comprises 85 acres of 
giod tillable land, which, by his industry and econ- 
omy has been all improved. 

Joshua W. was married in Knox County, this 
State, on the 151)1 of November, 1855, the lady 
chosen to be h's companion in life being Mary A. 
Woodmansee, who was a native of Ohio. Albert F., 
who is a conductor on the Rock Island & St. Louis 



Division of the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Rail- 
road ; and Edith V., the wife of Wm. K. Kittering, a 
resident of Monmouth Township, are the two chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Joshua W. Barber. 

Mr. B. has served his township as Clerk and School 
Director, and politically he is a Republican, and a 
St. John man in temperance. Mr. and Mrs. B. are 
members of the Methodist Protestant Church. 




athaniel A. Rankin, general farmer and 
fruit-grower, on section 31, Monmouth 
Township, was born in Henderson Co., 
Ky., Feb. r, 1809. His father, Adam, was a 
doctor by profession and a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and of Scotch descent. He was married 
in Kentucky, near Danville, to a Miss Speed, who 
afterward died, leaving five children. Before the 
death of his wife he had moved to Henderson 
County, in another part of the State, and there formed 
his second matrimonial alliance, the lady being Miss 
Susan Roan Anderson, who was born in Virginia, and 
was a daughter of a farmer and came to Kentucky 
when quite young. Of the latter union five children 
were born, of whom our subject, Nathaniel A., is the 
eldest and the only survivor. His brother, James 
E., was shot by a band of marauders while in his 
store in Henderson County, because he was a Union 
sympathizer. He was a prominent merchant and 
member of the Presbyterian Church. 

Nathaniel A. Rankin, of whom we write, resided 
with his parents until the death of his father, liv- 
ing with his mother afterward until his marriage. 
He has been twice married, the first time to Miss 
Ann Louisa Holloway, third child of George Hollo- 
way, of Bourbon Co., Ky. The acquaintance which 
led to this union was formed while she was on a 
visit to her relatives in Henderson Co., Ky., and was 
celebrated at that place March 29, 1831. She lived 
only a little over two years after her marriage, her 
demise occurring Dec. 18, 1833. His second mar- 
riage was celebrated near Paris, Bourbon County, 
Ky., on Christmas day, in the year 1834, the lady 
chosen to share his joys and sorrows, successes and 



I 



216 



WARREN COUNTY. 



reverses, being Miss Martha Holloway, a daughter 
of George Holloway and sister of Hon. Robert 
Holloway (see sketch). She was born in Bourbon 
County, Dec. 7, 1816, and was reared in her native 
county, remaining at home with her parents until her 
marriage. They were farmers, and father died in 
Bourbon County. The mother's demise occurred at 
the home of one of her sisters, the wife of Gen. 
W. F. Thornton, of Shelbyville, 111. Mrs. Rankin 
was the fourth child of her father's family of seven 
children, and she has become the "mother of ten 
children, seven of whom are living : William H. is 
married and engaged as a furniture dealer in Mon- 
mouth, where he resides; Adam is also married and 
engaged in agricultural pursuits in Johnson Co., 
Kan.; Anna is the wife of D. E. Thompson, a stock 
speculator, and resides in Los Angeles, Cal. ; Mary 
married William H. Irwin, who is engaged in the real- 
estate business in Dawson Co., Neb. ; George C. is 
Clerk of the Circuit Court of Warren County ; Belle 

fand Robert reside at home, the latter operating the 
homestead. Three of Mr. Rankin's children died in 

[infancy. 

Immediately after marriage Mr. and Mrs. Rankin 

I came to Illinois, locating at Springfield, where Mr. 

I R. had established himself about 12 months prior to 
his marriage in the mercantile business. After mar- 
riage he lived there for about nine years, doing a 
successful business in his line. He went thence to 
Shelbyville, 111., and embarked in the same business 
and remained for about three years. In 1845, he 
came to Warren County, and settled in Monmouth, 
where he carried on an extensive business in pro- 
duce and general merchandise. He was thus occu- 
pied until 1861, when he came to his present farm, 
which consists of 80 acres of land, and which is 
under an excellent state of cultivation. As a fruit- 
grower he has done exceedingly well, and at the 
annual fairs he represents his products, which always 
take away a share of the laurels. Grapes and straw- 
berries are his specialty. 

Mr. Rankin has overtaken an active and promin- 
ent part in every enterprise having for its object the 
advancement of the public interest. He has always 
been found associated with the best and most prom- 
inent people in the county in laboring for the public 
good. He has been called upon to fill many public 
positions, which he always did with a high degree of 




satisfaction to all concerned. He was one of the 
first Aldermen of Monmouth, and during the years 
1859-60 was Mayor of the city. He was United 
States Internal Revenue Assessor of his district for 
six years from 1862 to 1868. He served as Super- 
visor for two years and Justice of the Peace for 
eight years. In 1864 the Warren County Agricul- 
tural Society elected him President, and re-elected 
him the following year. In 1868, when the War- 
ren County Reading Room was first organized, he 
was chosen President of the Board of Directors, and 
was a member of the Board of Directors of the War- 
ren County Library from 1870 to 1879, the lat- 
ter institution growing out of the Reading Room. 
Thus it will be seen, as above stated, that he has 
been both an active and a leading spirit in the affairs 
of Monmouth and Warren County for years. He 
never has pushed himself into position, but being 
recognized as the man best fitted for the work in 
hand was selected without opposition. 

Politically, Mr. R. is a Republican, and takes a 
prominent part in politics. Mr. Rankin, wife and 
daughter Belle are active members of the Chris- 
tian Church, and he has been Elder of his con- 
gregation for nearly 40 years, which position he is 
filling at the present time. 

We are pleased to present to our patrons the por- . 
trait of Mr. Rankin, which we do in connection with 
this sketch. It will be gladly received by his many 
friends all over the county who have so long and 
favorably known him. 



W. Meacham, spending the sunset of his 
life in ease and comfort at Roseville, was 
born in Kentucky, July 26, 1830, and is a 
son of Andrew and Elizabeth (Jones) Meacham 
natives respectively of North Carolina and Ken- 
tucky. They came to Illinois in 1838 and lo- 
cated in Sangamon County, where they purchased 
120 acres of land and remained for two years ; the 
elder Meacham then sold out there and came to 
Warren County and made a purchase of a farm 
where the village of Ellison now stands. Here he 
remained for four years. He next located three 
miles west of Roseville, on a tract of 80 acres of 
land. He subsequently went to New Lancaster, 
where he was engaged in the dry-goods and grocery 



WARREN COUNTY. 



217 



business for a number of years. After selling his 
interest in the latter enterprise he purchased 80 
acres in the southeast part of Ellison Township, 
upon which he resided until his death, in 1878, the 
death of his wife occurring a year later. Their 
family consisted of nine children, five of whom are 
living, Miles G., Lavina, Frances VV., Etna and 
Achilles. 

F. W. Meacham, the gentleman whose name 
heads this personal narrative, remained the compan- 
ion of his parents until he reached the age of 20 
years, in the meantime receiving a good common- 
school education. After leaving home, he rented a 
farm for the first year, and in '1851 made a purchase 
of 80 acres, located on section 34, Ellison Township, 
and upon this he resided for 20 years, entering act- 
ively and energetically upon the task of its im- 
provement and cultivation, adding by subsequent 
purchases 269 acres. He, in the year 1870, pur- 
chased a house and five acres of land at Roseville, 
where he resides. This he has since increased by a 
ten-acre tract. 

Mr. F. W. Meacham was married in 1851 to Miss 
Harriet Herring, a native of Pennsylvania. She 
has borne him seven children, as follows : Edward, 
Nora, George, Casa, Luther, Oscar (deceased) and 
Flora, who died when 1 2 years old. Edward mar- 
ried Miss Mary Bragg, and they have a family 
consisting of four children, Frederick, William, 
Clara and Angie. Nora married William Buckley, 
and George is in partnership with the last named 
gentleman in the hardware business at Roseville. 

Mr. Meacham is a Republican and with his wife 
belongs to the Methodist Episcopal Church. 




"osiah C. Lucas, one of the largest land- 
yjr owners in Warren County and also one of 
her most successful farmers and respected 
citizens, resides on section 18, Cold Brook 
Township. He has been a resident of this 
county during his entire life, having been born 
in Monmouth Township, July 30, 1832, and has 
consequently witnessed the development of the 
county to the present magnificent agricultural con. 
dition which it presents to-day. 



The father of Mr. Lucas of this sketch, Marsham 
Lucas, was a native of Hart Co., Ky., and a farmer 
by occupation. He was married in his native county 
to Miss Cynthia Ann Whitman, likewise a native of 
that county and State. They emigrated to this State 
in 1829, locating in Morgan County, and after a resi- 
dence there of some time, came to this county, in 
1831, where Marsham Lucas purchased land from 
the Government, located on section 31, Monmouth 
Township, and where the parents continued to re- 
side until the death of the mother, which occurred in 
October, 1837. Marsham Lucas, by his first mar- 
riage, had five sons and two daughters. In order of 
birth they were, Thomas H.,'now a resident of Ore- 
gon ; Christopher W., who died in 1880 ; Albert W., 
also a resident of Oregon ; Sarah E. became the wife 
of Elijah I). Butler : they moved to Oregon, where 
they both died ; Josiah C. was next in order of birth ; 
Emily J. became the wife of James M. Ellis, and 
they live in Palmyra, Mo. ; and Samuel C., a resi- 
dent of Indiana. 

The gentleman whose name heads this article was 
a child of five years at the date of his mother's death. ' 
He was the youngest but two of his parents' children, ' 
and after the death of his mother, his father was a J 
second time married, when Mrs. Elizabeth Davidson, 
nee Deweese, became his wife, with whom Mr. 
Lucas of this sketch continued to reside until four 
years after attaining his majority. In 1865 his father 
and step-mother moved to Abingdon, where they 
are at present living, retired from the active labors 
of life and enjoying their accumulations of the past. 

Josiah C. Lucas resided with his parents until he 
was 24 years old, at which time he was married in 
the township of his nativity fo Hannah J. Townsend. 
She was a native of Putnam Co., N. Y., born March 
22, 1833, and came to Illinois with her parents 
when a young lady. She resided at home, acquiring 
an education in the common schools and assisting 
her mother in the household labors, until her mar- 
riage to Mr. Lucas. Her parents are both de- 
ceased. They were James and Polly (Baldwin) 
Townsend. They became residents of this county 
in 1855 and were farmers and members of the Bap- 
tist Church, and Mr. Townsend, in politics, was a 
Democrat. 

Our subject and wife have had born to them eight 
children, namely : Berry, who married Katie B. Jam.- 



f V 



218 



WARREN COUNTY. 



ison: they live near Abingdon, Knox Co., 111., where 
he is engaged in farming and the breeding of Polled 
Angus cattle ; Guy is deceased ; Ola A. is now a 
student of law at the Chicago Union College of 
Law : he is a graduate of Knox College ; James 
L., Jessie E., Rosa J., Harry C., and a daughter 
who died in infancy, are the names of the other 
members of the family. 

After Mr. and Mrs. Lucas were united in marriage, 
Mr. Lucas made his first purchase of land in Cold 
Brook Township, consisting of 80 acres, on which he 
located and engaged actively and energetically in its 
improvement. He has subsequently, by his energy, 
good judgment and perseverance, added to his orig- 
inal purchase of land in this county at different 
times until he is at present the proprietor of i, 800 
acres of good farm land, the same being located ia 
Cold Brook, Floyd and Monmouth Townships, and 
some in Knox County. The landed interests of Mr. 
Lucas have been acquired through that indomitable 
energy and perseverance of which he is character- 
istic. He is a gentleman possessed of far more than 
ordinary ability as a business man, and is regarded 
as one of the successful farmers of Warren County. 
He is also engaged in breeding thorougbred Polled 
Angus cattle. A view of his home is shown on 
another page of this ALBUM. 

Mr. Lucas and his wife are members [of the 
Christian Church, and in politics Mr. Lucas is a 
believer in and a supporter of the principles of the 
Democratic party. 




| iinothy Thomas, an energetic and success- 
ful agriculturist of Lenox Township, War- 
ren County, is a son of Reuben and Lucy 
(Sprague) Thomas, and a native of Ohio, hav- 
ing been born in Clermont County in August, 
1830. His parents were natives of New Jer- 
sey and New Hampshire respectively, and of their 
union four children were born, Zuba, Alonzo, Tim- 
othy and Alice. Zuba is deceased. 

Timothy Thomas, the subject of this biographical 
sketch, remained at home, working on the farm and 
attending school when opportunity presented itself, 



until he attained the age of majority, at which age he 
came to Warren County and worked out by the 
month for two years. At the expiration of that time 
he rented land and improved and cultivated it for 
three years, when he engaged in working with his 
father. After thus being busily engaged for several 
years, he accumulated sufficient to enable him to 
purchase a tract of 120 acres of land, of which he 
is now the possessor. Having entered actively and 
energetically upon its improvement, he has it now 
under an advanced state of cultivation, with a good 
residence and other necessary buildings upon it. 

July 7, 1870, in Knox County, this State, occurred 
one of the most important events in the life of Mr. 
Thomas, it being his marriage to Miss Leannah 
Neff, a daughter of Jacob and Mary (Shoemaker) 
Neff, natives of Virginia Jonathan, Jackson, Sally, 
Catherine, Rebecca, Melvina, Leannah, Susan, Jo- 
seph, Mary and Elias are the names of the 1 1 chil- 
dren born to Mr. and Mrs. Neff. Leannah, now the 
wife of Timothy Thomas, our subject, was born in 
Virginia, March 28, 1840, and with her husband has 
become the parent of four children, Mary V., Asa, 
Charles and Lucy B., all residing at home with their 
parents. 

Mr. and Mrs. Thomas are members of the Baptist 
Church, and politically Mr. T. casts his vote with 
the Republican party. 




Draper Babcock, the leading dry-goods 
merchant of Monmouth, was born in 
Wales, Mass., Dec. i, 1827. (For a his- 
tory of the parents, see sketch of E. C. Bab- 
cock in this volume.) Draper accompanied his 
parents to Monmouth in 1842, and has here 
since been engaged in mercantile pursuits. He be- 
came a partner with his father in 1852, and assumed 
full control of the business in 1864. 

From 1859 to 1865, Mr. Babcock of this notice 
held the office of County Treasurer, and during the 
late Civil War was Deputy United States Revenue 
Collector under Grimshaw. In 1873, the Temper- 
ance element elected him Mayor of the city, and he 
has represented his ward in the City Council for 
many years. For several years he was connected 



Of -ttl 
WUVBW1.I 








RESIDENCE OF COLBY M AT TESON.SEC.SG. LENOX TOWNSHIP. 




RESIDENCE or J. C. Luc AS, SEC, 18, COLD BROOK TOWNS HI P. 



e- 



- 



JO 



WARREN COUNTY. 



221 



with Monmouth College as Trustee, and he has filled 
a similar capacity on the Public Library Board since 
its organization. He was one of the organizers of 
the unfortunate First National Bank, and was one of 
its Directors up to the time of its collapse. 

Leaving the old Whig party, Mr. Babcock united 
with the Republicans, and while no politician, he 
has served his party in various ways effectively. In 
popularity as a business man and citizen, it is stating 
mildly a truth that has passed into a proverb, to say 
that he is the peer of any man in Warren County. 
He is not rich in worldly possessions, perhaps, but is 
opulent in good name. 

Mr. Babcock was married at Monmouth, Dec. 22, 
1852, to Miss Mary E. Elliott, daughter of the late 
Rev. Joseph Elliott, of the Baptist Church, and of 
his three sons and one daughter we have the follow- 
ing brief memoranda : Edward C., brought up to 
mercantile pursuits, was quite successfully engaged 
in business at Leadville, Col., for some years: he is 
' now (October, 1885,) in Butte City, Montana; How- 
ard resides at Galesburg, 111. ; and Lucius A. makes 
his home with his parents. Probably the most pop- 
ular young lady in Monmouth was Miss Jennie O. 
Babcock. She is now the wife of A. B. Seaman, a 
prominent young attorney of Denver, Col. 

Like his father, Mr. Babcock is a consistent mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church, to which he devotes much 
of his time and money. 



.lijah Coddington Babcock, deceased, 
was born in Wales, Hampden Co., Mass., 
Jan. 1 6, 1803, where he lived until 1841, 
and died at Monmouth, 111., from paralysis, 
Feb. 13, 1885. He was a son of James and 
Phila Babcock, who were descendants of that 
Puritan stock of which Americans are so proud. In 
early boyhood he manifested a taste for the mercan- 
tile business and entered a store at the age of 14 
years. His thrift and enterprise enabled him to ac- 
cumulate the means with which he purchased an in- 
terest in the establishment, which he afterwards 
bought entire. 

On Dec. 17, 1823, Mr. Babcock was married to 
Miss Cynthia Weld, of Brimfield, Mass. The result 
Of the union was twq sons and three daughters, viz.: 




Mrs. Persis W. Stapp, now deceased; John Babcock, 
of Denver, Col.; Draper, of Monmouth (see sketch) ; 
Mrs. Mary Patterson, also of Monmouth, and Mrs. 
A. H. Holt, of Washington, D. C. 

In the early part of 1842 Mr. Babcock decided to 
come West, and some time in April of that year, in 
company with his brother George, reached St. Louis. 
Being informed by merchants of that city that there 
was a splendid prospect for the marcantile business 
in the locality of Oquawka on the upper Mississippi, 
they came up the river, but on reaching Oquawka 
were not pleased with the prospect. They started 
for Monmouth, riding as far as Olmstead's Mill with 
Uncle William Hopper and walking the rest of the 
way. The next day the fortune-seekers rented a 
room in the building which stood where the Mon- 
mouth National Bank building now stands, which be- 
longed to Daniel McNiel, George Babcock being a 
silent partner. It was not long until they were doing 
an extensive business, having a stock of general mer- 
chandise, comprising everything that satisfied the 
demand of early settlers. In 1851 George Babcock 
retired and the deceased gave his two sons, John 
and Draper, interests in the establishment. Mr. > 
Babcock 's strict honesty and correct business prin- 
ciples won for the establishment a reputation for 
fairness and upright dealing that extended for many 
miles around Monmouth. He was noted for the 
correctness of his accounts, but his great trouble was 
selling on credit. At the time of the great fire on 
May o, 1871, his business house was entirely de- 
stroyed and he sustained heavy losses. He did not 
again re-open business, but was engaged in the store 
of his son, Draper. 

In the year 1841 the Baptist Church was organized 
in Monmouth, to which the deceased largely contrib- 
uted. Mrs. Babcock joined the organization by let- 
ter in 1843, an< 3 Mr. Babcock became a member by 
baptism during the pastorate of Rev. Miner in 1846. 
His membership in the Church abounds with 
liberal contributions and unrelenting interest in its 
behalf. He often bore half of the expenses of the 
Church and was the head and shoulders of the con- 
gregation. He was elected to the office of Deacon 
years ago, the duties of which he performed until the 
time of his death. 

Mr. and Mrs. Babcock celebrated the 5oth anni- 
versary of their marriage on Dec. 17, 1873. Mrs, 



222 



rv: 

WARREN COUNTY. 



Babcock died Sept. 29, 1878. After a. long life of 
Christian usefulness she sank gently to her rest, 
bowed under the weight of years. She was a faith- 
ful and constant member of the Baptist Church for 
over 40 years. Her last days were soothed by the 
loving ministrations of her children and friends. 

The Rev. Mr. Watson, in his funeral sermon, paid 
the deceased the following tribute : We have been 
called together to-day to pay a last grateful tribute 
to the memory of one long known and felt in your 
community. Coming to this city in 1842, the de- 
ceased has been identified with the progress and 
prosperity of Monmouth during a very important 
period of its history. Felt in all the enterprises of 
our growth, he has given his special energies toward 
the establishing of the Baptist Church of this place. 
Uniting with the Church in 1846, he ever after took 
a deep interest in all her struggles. It was owing 
very largely to his untiring efforts and large-hearted 
liberality, that this building was ever erected. The 
f regularity of the enterprise manifested in his busi- 
I ness relations was but the exponent of his habits in 
| reference to spiritual matters. Seldom heard in 
" meetings of any kind, he was always seen in his 
I place no matter how fierce the storm ; and his 
beaming eye and hearty grasp of hand, spoke louder 
than words of his devotion and interest. The 
encouragement which he gave to the Pastor in his 
labor by his devoted attendance and earnest co-oper- 
ation, was worth more than the most eloquent words 
of some. To show how his heart yearned for the 
prosperity of Zion during his late suffering, whenever 
one entered the room ha enquired about the meetings 
and longed to be there. 

Such as he, when they are called hence, leave a 
vacancy which we can not fill. We shall miss him 
sadly from our midst, bat his influence shall abide ; 
and may it prove a lasting incentive to us all, to 
quicken us and prompt us to greater diligence in 
every good work, while it is day. 

His sufferings, which were so severe, are already 
passed away forever ; and he has joined the in- 
numerable throng of redeemed ones around the 
throne. One more added to the treasures in heaven, 
who shall await your coming with the King. The 
Savior, who has called him from his labors into rest, 
stands by your side and whispers, " Let not your 
heart be troubled; ye believe in God, believe also in 



me." "Peace I leave with you; my peace I give 
unto you," and remember that " The Lord will not 
cast off His people, neither will he forsake his in- 
heritance." Put your confidence and trust in Him. 

James Babcock, the first known ancestor of our 
subject, came from England in 1663, and settled in 
Rhode Island. His youngest son, Jeremiah, was 
born at Westerly, R. I., in 1679, and became quite 
renowned as a soldier. In Monmouth, the Babcocks 
erected and conducted the first grain elevator. They 
were also the first pork-packers in this part of the 
country. 

E. C. Babcock led a life which, though quiet, was 
full of kindness and good words. Poverty and sick- 
ness found in him a friend. He was a good friend, 
a good citizen and a good Christian, always openly 
avowing his convictions yet careful of the feelings of 
others. His demise was deeply felt throughout the 
county. 



eorge W. Palmer, another of Warren 
County's farmers, who by his energy and 
economy has succeeded in obtaining a 
good title to 135 acres of good tillable land, 
located on sectij i 7, Hale Township, where 
he is actively engaged in the labors of an 
agriculturist, is a son of Wilkinson and Nancy 
(Hurd) Palmer, natives of Brighton, Canada West. 
The parents came from the latter province to White- 
side County, in r844, from whence they removed to 
Hancock County, and soor. after became residents of 
this county, having settled in Monmouth. They 
lived in the latter city for one year, when they lo- 
cated in what is now Hale Township, where they 
lived until their death. The mother died in i863 j 
and the father in 1878. Their children were n in 
number. 

George W. Palmer was the eighth child in order 
of birth of his parents' family. He was born in 
Canada, Aug. 15, 1838, and was about six years old 
when his parents came to this State, and is conse- 
quently a pioneer settler here. He came \vith his 
parents to this county and engaged in the active la- 
bors on the farm, and has continued to reside here 
until the present time, having, during the meantime, 
become the proprietor of 135 acres of good, tillable 




WARREN COUNTY. 



223 



land, on which he resides and is there engaged in 
the vocation which he has followed the major portion 
of his life, agriculture. 

In Henderson County, this State, Oct. 25, 1859, 
the ceremony was performed which united for life 
the subject of this notice with Miss Sarah Haines, 
the accomplished daughter of Amos and Catherine 
(Miller) Haines, natives of Ohio. The parents of 
Mrs. Palmer had six children, of whom she was the 
second in order of birth. She was born near Colum- 
bus, Ohio, March, 18, 1842, and has borne her hus- 
band seven children, Flora E., James C., Ida M., 
Emma J., Laura P., Maud A. and Nettie C. James 
C. died in infancy. 

In politics, Mr. Palmer is a believer in and a sup- 
porter of the principles advocated by the Republican 
party. Mrs. Palmer is a member of the Christian 
Church. 




i,olby Matteson. Among the leading ag- 
riculturists of Lenox Township and War- 
ren County is the subject of this sketch. 
He is a son of Norman and Emeline (Matte- 
son) Matteson, who were natives of Vermont 
and New York respectively. Norman Mat- 
ttson was a son of the Rev. Isaiah Matteson, and 
was born at Shaftsbury, Vt., June 15, 1806. At the 
age of 17 he was converted, and baptized by his 
father, and was, up to the time of his death, an act- 
ive member of the Baptist Church. When 2 r years 
years old, he went to Western, New York, where, in 
1829, he was married to Mahal a Beckwith. One 
child, a girl, was born to them, but mother and child 
died in 1833. In 1835 he was married to Emeline 
Matteson, who died in 1856, the mother of six chil- 
dren. Their names were Colby, Adelbert, Abner, 
Caroline, Avery and Florence. Abner, Caroline and 
Avery are deceased ; Florence became the wife of 
George Best, now residing in Floyd Township; Adel- 
bert is single and lives in Portland, Oregon. He 
served in the Union army during the late Rebellion, 
as a member of the 83d Regt. 111. Vol., and partici- 
pated in several of the important battles of the war, 
in one of which Fort Donelson he was wounded 



in the arm. This being serious, he was honorably 
discharged. 

After his marriage in 1835, Norman Matteson and 
wife settled in Avon, N. Y., where they lived for a 
time, then removed to Western, and subsequently to 
Floyd, N. Y., and from there to Berwick, 111., in 
1838. The elder Matteson was therefore one of the 
pioneers of this section of the country. From Ber- 
wick they removed to Roseville Township, but af- 
terward removed to Floyd Township, where they 
remained for several years. They then moved to 
Lenox Township, and in 1865 he made another re- 
moval, this time locating in the village of Betwick, 
where he continued to reside, retired from the active 
labors of life, until his death. His second wife died 
in Lenox Township, Dec. 25, 1856. In 1857 he 
married Miss Elizabeth Schuessler, at Berwick. She 
is a native of Hamburg, Germany, is a woman of 
many excellent qualities, and proved to be a devoted 
wife and a good mother to his children. His death 
occurred Oct. 17, 1881. His widow still survives, 
and now lives in Floyd Township, and is highly es- 
teemed by her neighbors and friends. 

Colby Matteson was born in Avon, Livingston 
Co., N. Y., June 27, 1837, and came to this county 
with his parents, and has continued to reside here 
ever since. He acquired a good education in the 
common schools of this county, and during the sev- 
eral years which have elapsed, he has been a careful 
observer and reader of the current literature of the 
day, and at this writing we find him to be a man of 
practical views on the many important questions of 
the times. His vocation is that of a farmer, agri- 
ricultural pursuits and stock-raising having not only 
afforded him a pleasing but a profitable occupation. 
His farm now comprises 240 acres, on section 36, 
Lenox Township, and is one of the handsomest and 
best improved farms in the township. His carefully 
kept lawn, well appointed house, within and without, 
neat and substantial barn and outbuildings, and well 
ordered fences and hedges, all combine to show 
where thrift, enterprise and energy dwell. We in- 
vite the reader's attention to another page of this 
work, on which is shown an elegant view of the resi- 
dence and farm property of Mr. Matteson. In his 
chosen vocation of life Mr. Matteson is meeting with 
that success which his energetic disposition, push 
and tact are sure to bring. 

He was married in Roseville Township, this 



224 



WARREN COUNTY. 



county, Jan. 24, 1865, to Miss Harriet A. Dillon. 
She was the daughter of William and Lavina Dillon, 
and was \born Sept. 8, 1845, in Kentucky. Of the 
union of Mr. and Mrs. Matteson, four children, 
Harvey N., Flora E., Alfred and Ida, have been 
born to them and are now residing at home. Mrs. 
Matteson died at her home in Lenox Township, May 
i 2, 1883. She was a member of the Baptist Church, 
as is likewise Mr. Matteson. 

During the late Rebellion he was a staunch Union 
man. In politics, he is a supporter of the principles 
of the Republican party. 










illiam W. Wilson, a general farmer and 
stock-raiser, residing on section 16, Mon- 
mouth Township, was born in Perry Co., 
Ohio, on the igth of August, 1837. His 
father, James J., was a farmer and a native 
of Pennsylvania and of Scotch descent. He was 
a young man when he accompanied his parents to 
Perry County, the Buckeye State, and while there 
married a Miss Elizabeth Williams, who was a na- 
tive of Washington Co , Pa. She was a daughter of 
a Pennsylvania farmer named William Williams, 
who came to Perry Co., Ohio, when that county and 
even all that portion of the State was but little set- 
tled. They located in the woods of Perry County, 
where her father engaged actively and energetically 
in the severe task of clearing and improving a farm. 
James J. Wilson, the father of the subject of our 
sketch, also resided with his family in Perry County, 
and it was there that his children were born. His 
family comprised nine children, six sons and three 
daughters, of whom William W. is the seventh child. 
Six of the children are still living, three sons and 
three daughters. All are married and have reared 
families, and all but one live in Illinois ; four reside 
in Warren County. James J. Wilson also repre- 
sented his county in the Ohio Legislature for two 
terms. In politics he was a Democrat and took an 
active interest in public affairs. He and his wife 
were both members of the United Presbyterian 
Church. He died in December, 1856, and his widow 
survived him till April, 1863. 

Mr. Wilson, of this notice, was about 18 years of 



age when his father died, and afterwards lived with, 
and was the principal support of, his mother until 
her death, which took place when he was 27 years 
old. He afterwards began to learn the trade of tin- 
ner and purchased a hardware and tin-shop, which 
he conducted for some eight years in New Lexing- 
ton, his native county. 

He was united in marriage, Dec. 4, 1869, in New 
Lexington, to Miss Sarah Kelley, who was born in 
Perry Co., Ohio, March 5, 1831, and was the daugh- 
ter of Riley and Jane (Jones) Kelley. Her parents 
were married in Perry County, where her father was 
for some time engaged in the hotel business and later 
in life followed the occupation of farmer, and where 
he died in 1861. Her mother is yet living, in Lex- 
ington, Perry Co., Ohio, and is about 75 years of 
age. Mrs. Wilson is the eldest in order of birth of a 
family of nine children, and of her union with Mr. 
W. two children have been born, one of whom is de- 
ceased. Jessie M. is the surviving child and Victor 
is deceased. 

After Mr. and Mrs. Wilson were united in marri- 
age, they continued to reside in New Lexington, 
Perry Co., Ohio, for one year. At the expiration of 
that time they came to McDonough County, this 
State, where Mr. Wilson followed his trade one year. 
They then came to Warren County in 1871, and 
three years later, in 1874, located on a farm of 95 
acres of improved land, which belonged to his brother, 
O. P. Wilson, and on which Mr. Wilson, of this 
sketch, has since resided. Politically, Mr. W. is a 
strong adherent to the principles of the Democratic 
party. v 




homas L. Capps, owning 170 acres of 
good, tillable land in Lenox Township, and 
residing on section 24, is a son of Asa and 
Mary (Brooks) Capps, natives of Kentucky. 
The parents were married and settled in this 
county, where the father was an agriculturist 
until his death, which occurred Dec. 6, 1878. His 
widow still survives. The issue of their union was 
nine children, named Thomas L., Nancy E., John 
L., Sarah J., Lewis M., Lucy C., Orville and Edwin 
R. Mary E. died when she was about ten years 
old. 

The gentleman whose life's sketch we write, is a 






. 

V iVUUUII 






WARREN COUNTY. 



227 



native of this county, having been born in Rose- 
ville Township, June 6, 1843. From childhood his 
inclination was 'to become a successful and inde- 
pendent farmer, and his younger days were passed 
principally on the farm, alternating his labors thereon 
with attendance at the common schools, and sup- 
plementing his education gained here by a five 
months' course of study at Abingdon College. He 
is at present the proprietor of a fine and well im- 
proved farm, and a gentleman possessed of sound, 
practical knowledge of the vocation of an agricultur- 
ist, in the following of which occupation he is meet- 
ing with success. 

The lady whom Mr. Capps wooed and won and 
who, on Sept. 16, 1866, became his wife, Miss Mary 
Jewell, is a daughter of Reuben and Elizabeth 
(Johnson) Jewell, natives of New York State and 
Virginia, respectively. Mrs. Capps was born in this 
county, March 5, 1844, and was the second in order 

of birth of a family of 1 1 children. Her parents, on 
coming to this county, settled in Berwick Township, 

where they resided until their deaths. 

Mr. and Mrs. Capps have become the parents of 

>four children, Minnie J., Nettie B, Ada C. and 

j Orion A. The head of the household has held the 

office of Supervisor of Lenox Township two years and 
also the offices of School Director, Trustee and 

Tax Collector. Socially, he is a member of the I. O. 
O. F., and in religious matters he and his wife both 
believe in the doctrines of the Baptist Church, to 
which denomination they belong. In politics Mr. 
Capps votes with the Democratic party. 

A ^ <-:> - ^ 




Benjamin F. Forwood is one of the well- 
known and prominent pioneers of Warren 
County. He settled in the township of 
Spring Grove as early as 1839. He was 
born in Hartford Co., Md., Dec. 18, 1816. 
His father, William W. Forwood, was a na- 
tive of Lycoming Co., Pa., and was a descendant of 
Irish ancestry. The father of the Mr. Forwood last 
named was also a native of the State where his son 
was born, and was a member of the Society of 
Friends, or Quakers. All the early generations of 
the family belonged to the same fraternity. The 
grandfather removed with his family to Maryland 



and there bought a farm, upon which William was 
reared and attained to the estate of manhood, and 
served his country in the War of 1812. Here he was 
married to Sarah T. Gilbert. She was a native of 
Maryland and was of English descent. In 1822 he 
bought a farm in Hartford County, upon which there 
were all the facilities for the manufacture of lum- 
ber. They consisted of a saw-mill and an excellent 
water-power. He built a small factory on the stream 
which furnished the motive power for the saw-mill 
already in order of business. He managed his 
varied business projects, including a good-sized farm, 
until 1837, when he sold the place and in the year 
succeeding set out for the West. He came by the 
water route from Maryland to St. Louis, where the 
family passed the winter. 

In the spring, the father, mother and seven chil- 
dren once more took passage on the river and landed 
at Oquawka. In company with a man named Joseph 
Plum, Mr. Forwood entered 640 acres of land on sec- 
tions 15 and 22, in what is now the township of 
Spring Grove There was a vacant log house on 
section 23 and, although not owning the land, the 
family took possession and it was their abode until 
the father could erect a stone house, better suited 
to their needs, which he located on the northwest 
quarter of section 22. 

He was assisted in the improvement of the farm 
by his sons, and was the occupant and owner of the 
place until 1850, when he went to California, ac- 
companied by his sons, Philip G. and Shadrach R. 
They operated for a time as miners and afterwards 
built a saw-mill at a point known as Yankee Jim's, 
in Placer County. They carried on a profitable 
lumber business until the death of the father, which 
occurred July 9, 1853. His wife died in April, 1859, 
at the residence of her son, the subject of this per- 
sonal narration, in Spring Grove Township. The 
latter is the oldest child of his parents. The family 
record reads as follows : Hannah R. is the wife of 
L A. Cunningham, of Oquawka; Cordelia Ann is 
the widow of R. P. Tinkham and resides in Kirk- 
wood, Warren County ; Philip is a resident of Wash- 
ington Territory ; Shadrach lives in Nevada ; Sarah 
J. married L. H. Gilmore, of this township; Harriet 
married R. P. Barnes, of Spring Grove Township, 
and is his survivor. 

Mr. Forwood resided with his parents until the 



228 



WARREN COUNTY. 



year in which his father went to California. He 
then took possession of the farm and assumed the 
entire charge. In the year 1840 he bought the 
southeast quarter of section 23, which was then un- 
improved, and it is now his place of abode and field 
of operations. The usual improvements have been 
made and the place, which consists of 1 68 acres of 
fine land, is in excellent order for successful cultiva- 
tion. His other property, however, increases his 
entire acreage to 369 acres. The proprietor is en- 
gaged in mixed farming. The buildings on the farm 
are of the necessary type on a farm of advanced im- 
provement. A view of them is given in this vol- 
ume. 

In political connection, Mr. Forwood is independ- 
ent. He commonly finds the best man to receive 
his vote in the Democratic party, but is untram- 
meled in opinion. He has held the position of 
Township Treasurer of Schools since 1846. He 
was the second Clerk in the township and has also 
served as Supervisor. He is a member of Mon- 
mouth Lodge, No. 37, A. F. & A. M., Warren 
Chapter No. 30, and Council No. 14, of the same 
order. Mr. Forwood's portrait appears on another 
page of this work. It is giyen as that of one of the 
representative men of the county. As a pioneer he 
was known here nearly half a century ago, and is 
also regarded as one of the leading agriculturists of 
his township. 




t enry Teare, a farmer, owning 80 acres of 
good land on section 22, Lenox Township, 
where he has resided since 1858, is a son of 
Charles and Ann (Cane) Teare, natives of the 
Isle of Man, where they resided until their 
death. The parents' children were six in num- 
ber, named Charles, John, Robert, Thomas, Eliza- 
beth and Henry. The latter is the youngest of the 
family, and was born on the Isle of Man, Feb. 17, 
1839. He lived on his native isle until 18 years of 
his life was passed, when, hearing of the glowing ac- 
counts of a country across the waters called the 
United States, and hoping to better his financial con- 
dition in life, he immediately set sail for that land of 
promise. Soon after landing at an Eastern seaport, 



he came to Peoria County, this State, where he re- 
sided for one year. In 1858, he came to this 
county and located in Lenox Township, and since 
that time has been engaged in agiicultural pursuits. 
His farm is well cultivated and improved, and re- 
flects credit upon its owner. 

Mr. Teare was married in Lenox Township, Jan. 
i, 1868, to Elvira A., daughter of Chambers and 
Catherine (Foster) Wick, natives of Pennsylvania. 
They came to Warren County in 1858 and first set- 
tled in Lenox Township. Here Mr. Wick died. His 
widow, the mother of Mrs. Teare, still survives and 
resides in Stark County. They had a family of eight 
children, Theo. F., Elvira A., Nancy E., Thos. J., 
James M., William R., Belle, Curtis R. Elvira A., 
wife of our subject, was born in Armstrong Co., Pa., 
April 23, 1847, and her home circle was blessed with 
the birth of two children, Cora E. and Flora B. The 
former died Jan. 14, 1884, at the age of 16 years. 
Mr. and Mrs. Teare are members of the Methodist 
Church, and, socially, he belongs to the Order of Odd 
Fellows. In politics, he affiliates with the Republi- 
can party. 




rs. Jemima Sawtell, residing at Rose- 
ville, is the widow of the late John Saw- 
tell, who was born in the State of Maine 
in 1807, and came to Illinois in r842, set- 
tling in La Harpe,- Hancock County, where he 
remained three years. He then went to Mc- 
Donough County, where, after a stay of seven 
years, he came into Warren County and located in 
Ellison Township, on a tract of 80 acres of land 
which he had purchased. He increased his landed 
possessions by a subsequent purchase of 30 acres 
and lived on the same until 1871, when he came to 
Roseville village and there bought a lot on Main 
Street. He erected a fine substantial residence on 
the same and lived a retired life until his death, 
which occurred March 23, 1882, during his 75th 
year". He was also a carpenter and joiner. 

Mr. John Sawtell and Mrs. Jemima Johnson, 
widow of Norman Johnson, were married in 1842. 
She was a native of Tompkins Co., N. Y., and her 
first marriage was celebrated in Michigan in 1835, 




WARREN COUNTY. 



22 9 



her husband, Mr. Johnson, having been born in 1810. 
His parents were Nathaniel and Lucy (Smith) John- 
son, natives of Vermont. Norman Johnson had a 
farm of 80 acres in Wayne Co., Mich., which he sold 
and .came to Illinois in 1841, settling in La Harpe, 
Hancock County. At the latter place he remained 
until his death, in 1841. Of this union were born 
two daughters, Elvira E. and Electa L. Elvira E. 
married John Talbot in 185 6,. and they have become 
the parents of one child, who is living, Ida A., wife 
of Charles Pyington, who is book-keeper for Phillips 
& Co., of Burlington; Mr. Talbot died in February, 
1883; and Electa L. married Hiram Huring in 1855, 
his demise occurring in 1875. 

Mrs. Sawtell was born July 10, 1818, and still lives 
in the village of Roseville. Her parents were Isaac 
and Electa (Allen) Goodell, natives of Northampton, 
Mass., and were married in 1812. They came to 
Wayne Co., Mich., in 1830, and there purchased 
r,6oo acres of land, remaining there until their death, 
the father in 1842, and the mother in 1862. 

Mr. Sawtell was a member of the Christian Church 
at the time of his death. Politically, he was a Demo- 
crat. 




zra Cable, one of Warren County's success- 
ful agriculturists and a gentleman whose 
success as such is attributable to no leg- 
acy, but to his own indomitable perseverance, 
is a resident on section 19, Floyd Township, 
with postoffice at Berwick. His father was 
named Henry Cable, was of German extraction, 
born in New York in 1795, and died in Monmouth, 
March 8, 1878. His mother, Olive (Kingsley) Cable, 
was of Scotch extraction, born in 1792, and died at 
Monmouth, Feb. 23, 1876. Ezra Cable, of whom we 
write, was born at Floyd, OneidaCo., N. Y., Feb. n, 
1821. Leaving his native county and State, in the 
fall of 1835, he came with his father's family to this 
county, where the senior Cable purchased 200 acres 
of land, on which he located with his family and 
where Ezra, the subject of this notice, lived and 
labored until 1855, in the meantime supplement- 
ing his education which he had received in the com- 
mon schools of his native county by an attendance 



at the district schools for a period of about three 
months. 

In 1853, Mr. Cable purchased a farm of 80 acres, 
on which he moved two years later, and has there 
resided until the present time, engaged in its culti- 
vation and improvement in which he has met with 
no small degree of success. By economy and perse- 
verance he has succeeded in increasing his landed 
interests until his place at present comprises 200 
acres of as good farm land as can be found in 
the county, and to the, passer-by it presents an ap- 
pearance indicative of that push and good judg- 
ment possessed by its proprietor. Mr. Cable has 
been School Trustee for many years and in his polit- 
ical views is strictly a Republican. 

Mr. Cable formed a matrimonial alliance, April 26, 
1854, with Miss Martha J. Latimer, the ceremony 
being performed in Knox County, this State, by the 
Rev. J. M. B. Roach. Of their union six children 
have been born ; the record is as follows : Addie M., 
born March 9, 1855; Clara L., Oct. 15, 1856; Effie 
M., Nov. 13, 1858; Carl D., June 29, 1860; Grace 
V., June 5, 1869; Roy E., Oct. 18, 1870. Addie, on - 
the 15 th day of January, 1879, became the wife of ^ 
Alfred A. Phelps. Sept. 13, 1881, Clara married A. \ 
T. Brooks. Dec. 27, 1883, Effie united her future 
life with that of Myron D. Matteson. J 

Mrs. Ezra Cable was born in Knox Co., 111., Oct. 
13, 1833, and was the accomplished daughter of 
George G. and Rebecca (Drennan) Latimer. Her 
father was born in Sumner Co., Tenn., Feb. 28, 1810, 
and was a prominent and leading citizen of that 
county, and after his removal to Illinois, became a 
Colonel in the Black Hawk War, and was one of the 
leading men of Knox County. The mother of Mrs. 
Cable was born in Kentucky, Feb. 26, 1814, and was 
of Scotch-Irish extraction, her husband being of Eng- 
lish descent. 



.ames W. Robertson, who is engaged as a 
farmer" on section 32, Lenox Township, was 
born in Washington Co., N. Y., on the 4th 
of March, 1822. His parents were John and 
Margaret Robertson, natives respectively of 
Scotland and New York State. They first 
settled in the latter state and then removed to Ash- 
tabula Co., Ohio, where they resided until their 




\ 



WARREN COUNTY. 



deaths. Of this union were born 1 1 children, the 
eighth in order of birth being James W., of whom we 
write. 

He remained at home until he attained his ma- 
jority, in the meantime attending the common 
schools and assisting in the labors of the farm. At 
the age of 21 he came to Warren County, and re- 
sided at Monmouth for something over three years, 
being engaged in different occupations. He was a 
soldier in the Mexican War, belonging to a company 
known as Capt. Stapp's Cavalry. He remained in 
the army for about a year, when he returned home 
and has since been a resident of this county. Mr. 
Robertson is the owner of 158 acres of fine tillable 
land, upon which he lias erected a substantial set of 
farm buildings. 

In Monmouth, on the 4th of January, 1849, the 
wedding of Mr. James W. Robertson and Miss Erne- 
line Morgan was celebrated. Mrs. R. is a na- 
tive of the Empire State and James and Penelope 
.Morgan were her parents. They had a family of 
four children, the following being the names: Mar- 
garet J., Ralph J., Harlow C. and Nellie A. Mrs. 
Robertson died in Lenox Township, April 17, 1868, 

I and Mr. J. W. Robertson was again married on the 
8th of September, 1880, at Monmouth, to Mrs. Jen- 
nie (Wilcox) Clark, daughter of Arom and Mary Ann 
Wilcox and widow of David Clark". She was born in 
Rockford, this State, Oct. i, 1838. Mr. Robertson 
has held the office of Supervisor one term and also 
other minor offices in his township. He is a member 
of the Order of Odd Fellows and politically is identi- 
fied with the Republican party. 




> 

Daniel Bird, engaged in the manufacture of 

tile and brick at Roseville, was born in 
Shropshire, England in 1832, and is a son 
of an English potter. Daniel Bird, the sub- 
ject of this sketch, remained at home until he 
attained the age of 20 years, in the meantime 
learning the pottery trade of his father, having com- 
menced to turn the potter's wheel at the age of eight 
years. After leaving home he engaged in the manu- 
facture of tile and brick and was thus occupied until 
the fall of 1856, when he emigrated to the United 



States, reaching New York in October. He stopped 
but a short time in that city, when, learning of the 
fertility and rapid growth of the West, he pushed 
forward, corning to Illinois and settling in Swan 
Township, this county, and here engaging at his 
trade, which occupation he continued for ten years. 
He subsequently came to Roseville village and en- 
gaged in his present business, at which he has met 
with excellent success and is doing a constantly in- 
creasing business. He employs about 13 men. He 
has erected fine large buildings, suitable to his oc- 
cupation, costing him over $10,000. His sons are 
interested with him in his manufacturing business. 

Mr. Bird and Miss Mary Ann, daughter of Joseph 
and Jane Barker, were united in marriage in Eng- 
land, in the year 1856, she being a native of that 
country. Mr. and Mrs. Bird have become the par- 
ents of three children, George, John and William. 
George is married to Miss Sarah McCammon and 
they have four children, Delia, Mary, Charles and 
"Roy. John married Miss Minda McCammon. 

Mr. Bird's political affiliations are with the Repub- 
lican party, and he is considered one of the solid and 
substantial men of Warren. 




eorge W. Morey. As early as 1841, 
Charles Morey with his family came into 
Warren County and located in what is 
now Floyd Township. Accompanying him 
was his son, George W., the subject of this 
personal sketch. The elder Morey had mar- 
ried, in his native State, Miss Polly Blair. He died 
at his home in the winter of 1872, but his wife 
still survives him. They had a family of 12 chil- 
dren, of whom George W. was the third. He was 
born Jan. 18, 1824, in Erie Co., Pa. His early life 
was passed at home, and when a lad of 17 he ac- 
companied his parents to this county, which at the 
time was newly settled, without railroads, and in fact 
almost a wilderness. Here he has lived for 44 
years, and has witnessed a wonderful transformation 
in the face of the country. About 22 years ago he 
moved into Lenox Township, where he has been 
living since. He now owns an excellent farm of 160 
acres thereon section i^. He has been prominent 




WARREN COUNTY. 



*33 



in the affairs of his township, and has served in var- 
ious official positions for many years. He has been 
Road Commissioner for 12 years and much of the 
present good condition of the highways is due to his 
management. Politically, he is a Republican. He 
voted twice for Abraham Lincoln, and during the 
war was a staunch Union man.' 

While living in Floyd Township, he was married 
to Emily Bonnell, their wedding occurring Sept. 20, 
1851. His wife was born in Erie Co., Pa., and is 
the daughter of William and Elizabeth Bonnell. 
Mr. and Mrs. Morey have a family of three children : 
Mary V., who is the wife of T. W. Russell, and re- 
sides in Nebraska ; William F. married Emma F. 
Patterson and they live in Monmouth; and Charles 
H., who lives at home. Besides these, two died in 
infancy. Mrs. M. is a member of the Methodist 
Church. 

When Mr. M. began life he had nothing but his 
strong hands to aid him, but with that tenacity of 
purpose characteristic of the pioneers, he has suc- 
ceeded in gathering together a comfortable compe- 
tency for his old age. 



L.ineus B. Crane. Prominent among the 
extensive farmers and stock-raisers of War- 
ren County, may be classed Mr. S. B. 
Crane, who is residing on section 12, Ellison 
Township. He was born in Morris Co. N. J., 
June 3, 1831, and his father, Benjamin Crane, 
also a farmer, was a native of New Jersey and of 
English descent. His grandfather, whose name was 
Norris, was born in New Jersey, and married Jennie 
Dunham. They both lived, after marriage, in Mor- 
ris County, where they died. The former was born 
near Elizabeth, Union Co., N. J., and the latter in 
Essex County, same State. The father, Benjamin 
Crane, was married in Morris County to Julia A. 
Bebout, who was born in the'same county, the date 
of her birth being March 16, 1802, and who died 
Sept. 7, 1880. She was of New England parentage 
of Holland Dutch and Scotch descent, and a most 
estimable lady. Mr. Benjamin Crane had been 
fairly successful in life and was appointed Lieuten- 
ant of militia in his native State. The date of his 
birth was April j6, 1802, and that of his death April 




8, 1873, when he was aged 71 years. He and his 
wife were Methodists in the latter years of life. 

Sineus B., the gentleman whose name heads this 
biographical notice, was the second in order of birth 
of a family of three children born to his parents, one 
of whom was a daughter named Sarah J. She was 
born Sept 18, 1834, and is the wife of Oscar Linds- 
ley, a resident at Green Village, N. J., ex-State Rep- 
resentative and quite a prominent man in public life. 
He is a farmer by vocation. The other member of 
the family, John O., was born May 23, 1826, and 
was united in marriage with Miss Mary Searing, who 
is now deceased. The husband resides in Morris 
Co., N. J., and is a farmer. 

.Sineus B. lived at home with his father on the 
farm until his marriage, which occurred when he was 
6 years of age, at the residence of the bride's par- 
ents in Morris Township, Morris Co , N. J., Dec. 9, 
1856, to Miss Caroline M. Mills, daughter of Alfred 
and Sally (Kinnan) Mills, who was -born in Morris 
Co., N. J., and of English and Scotch extraction. 
The father was a successful fanner, visiting his chil- 
dren in Illinois twice since their removal West, and 
died at his home in Morris Co., N. J., April 28, 1880, 
at the venerable age of 80 years. The mother still 
survives and is living with her children in New Jer- 
sey, aged 82 years. Mrs. C. of this notice was born 
in Morris Co., N. J., Oct. 6, 1835. She was reared 
and educated at her father's home, and is the mother 
of ii children, one of whom is deceased, namely: 
Augusta M., born June i, 1858, resides athome ; 
Joseph H., born Aug. 25, 1859, married Miss Electa 
Nutt, resides on a farm in Nodaway Co., Mo., and 
has a family of two children, Elizabeth and Mary 
E. ; Alfred B., born Jan. 27, 1862, living with his 
brother in Missouri, is unmarried; Frank L., single, 
born March 4, 1863, died Dec. n, 1885; Eliphalet 
C., born Nov. 17, 1865, resides at home; Llewella 
C., born July 3, 1869, also resides at home; Julia, 
born Oct. 17, 1871, lives at home ; Henry M., born 
Dec. 27, 1873; Sarah, born March 28, 1876; Sineus 
B., born Sept. 25, 1878 ; and Anna L, born May 18, 
1 88 1. All that have passed school age have re- 
ceived a good common -school education. 

After marriage Mr. Crane engaged in farming in 
Morris Co., N. J., for a short time, but soon began 
to feel like coming West. This move was made in 
October, 1859, when he came to Warren County and 
settled on a rented farm in Berwick Township. His 



WARREN COUNTY. 



' 



first purchase of land was of 60 acres, all improved,' 
which was bought in the spring of 1861. This 
he owned until April, 1865, when he sold it and 
bought 1 60 acres, his present site in Ellison Town- 
ship, which was then only slightly improved. He 
has since made all the necessary improvements, has 
a splendid farm, fully equipped and all fenced. He 
owns, in Roseville Township, 1 16 acres of improved 
land, and 360 acres of land in Nodaway Co., Mo., 
all of which is under excellent cultivation. In ad- 
dition to farming, Mr. C. is engaged in stock-raising. 
Among his herd is a thoroughbred Short-horn cow, 
only four years old and yet is the mother of four 
calves. He also feeds and fattens stock for the 
market. Of the many splendid farm scenes shown 
in the view department of this ALBUM, those of Mr. 
Crane's farm, given in connection with this sketch, 
are among the most inviting. His comfortable resi- 
dence, the excellent facilities for caring for his stock 
and storing grain, the beautifully undulating fields, 
the splendid specimens of the horses and cattle 
: of the farm, are all shown, which form a pleasing 
picture. 

Mr. C. has been Supervisor of Ellison Township 
for two terms, and once for Berwick Township. He 
has also held many of the minor offices of his town- 
ship. Politically, he is a Democrat. 




jj^iram M. Frantz, one of the influential citi- 
zens as well as progressive and successful 
farmers and stock-raisers of this county, re. 
siding on section 25, Monmouth Township, is a 
native of Maryland, having been born in that 
State, March 7, 1844. The father of Mr. 
Frantz of this notice, was Solomon Frantz. (See 
sketch of William H. Frantz in another part of this 
work.) Hiram M. lived in his native State only 
three years, when his parents removed to Perry Co., 
Ohio, in which State he continued to reside, liv- 
ing in the parental household until 1 6 years of age. 
At this age in life the country was imperiled by the 
secession of the Southern States and shot and shell 
from Rebel guns had been thundered against the 
walls of Sumter. The President had called for brave 
hearts and strong arms to put down the Rebellion, 



and Hiram Frantz, then but 16 years of age, re- 
sponded to the call by enlisting in Co. D, 171!) Ohio 
Vol. Inf., under Capt. L. ]. Jackson and Col. J. M. 
Council, for 90 days, the date of his enlistment be- 
ing April 1 6, 1 86 1. After serving his time of enlist- 
ment, he re -enlisted in the 3ist Ohio Vol. Inf. under 
Capt. \V. H. Free and Col. N. B. Walker, and 
his company was assigned to the Third Division, 
141)1 Army Corps, of the Army of the Cumberland. 
Mr. Frantz, of this notice, participated in the battles 
of Mill Springs, Stone River, Hoover's Gap, Dalton, 
Kenesaw Mountain, and was also in the Atlanta 
campaign. Previous to the Atlanta campaign he 
was in the battle of Chickamauga, and it was in that 
battle that his regiment and company sustained their 
heaviest loss during the war. Although Mr. Frantz 
did his part in each and every battle in which his 
company was engaged, he was fortunate, never re- 
ceiving even a wound nor losing a day from duty. He 
was honorably discharged at Columbus, Ohio, Aug. 
27, 1865. 

After the war was over and the cause for which 
he fought was victorious, Mr. Frantz went to Perry 
Co., Ohio, where he resided for two years. In 1868, 
he came West and two years later, March 30, 1870, 
he was united in marriage to Miss Flora L., the 
daughter of Benjamin and Melinda (Claycomb) Mur- 
phy. Her mother was a second time married, her 
second husband being Benjamin H. Kittering. (See 
sketch.) Mrs. Frantz, wife of the gentleman whose 
name heads this notice, was born in Monmouth 
Township, this county, May 10, 1848. She lived 
with her parents, who were early settlers in this county, 
until her marriage. Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Frantz, two children have been born, Talma J. and 
Ruth B. 

After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Frantz, in the 
fall of 1870, he purchased 159 acres of land on sec- 
tion 25, Monmouth Township, where he is at pres- 
ent residing, and subsequently, by purchase, has 
increased his landed interests in that township to 
289 acres. His home farm presents that appear- 
ance which is indicative of the push and energy pos- 
sessed by its proprietor. Mr. Frantz has been a 
more than ordinarily successful man in his vocation 
of farming and stock-raising. In the latter depart- 
ment of his vocation, he has indeed traded to a very 
large extent, having shipped more than $200,000 of 
stock and an average of about $12,000 annually. 







WARREN COUNTY. 



2 3S 




Religiously, Mr. and Mrs. Frantz are members of 
the Christian Church. In politics Mr. F. votes with 
the Republican party, and has held the minor offices 
within the gift of the people of his township. 



on. Daniel D. Parry, dealer in real estate 
and insurance agent at Monmouth, was 
born at Xenia, Greene Co., Ohio, May 28, 
1839, and was the fifth child of Walter and Ann 
(Dean) Parry, natives of South Wales and of 
Bath Co., Ky., respectively. The parents were 
married in Greene Co., Ohio, where their two sons 
and six daughters were born. The family came to 
Warren County in 1862, and here the mother and 
father spent the remainder of their lives, the old lady 
dying in 1876, aged 71 years, and Mr. Parry four 
years later, at the age of 76 years. Walter Parry, the 
father of our subject, came with his widowed mother 
to America when he was about 14 years of age and 
lived in Ohio up to 1862. The Deans came to Ohio 
r8i3, and occupied a large tract of land in Greene 

j- County, where quite a number of that name yet re- 
side, and annually meet at what they term the " Dean 

1 Picnic." 

The Xenia, Ohio, schools afforded the subject of 
our sketch such opportunities for an education as 
was practicable before he was 17 years of age, and 
after clerking in a grocery house, at that place, he 
developed at once into a coal oil prospector. April 
19, 1861, at Hamilton, Ohio, he enrolled as a private 
soldier in Co. F, 3d Ohio Vol. Inf. (three-months 
men), and June 3, following, was mustered into the 
three-years service in the same company and regiment. 
His final discharge was dated at Camp Der.nison, 
March r, 1863, While in the service he spent his 
first six months in West Virginia, went South with 
the Army of the Ohio, and returned with Buell. At 
Perry ville, Ky., Oct. 8, 1862, a minie ball penetrated 
his left knee, which led to the amputation of the limb 
25 hours later. He landed at Monmouth March 23, 
1863, and the next day was given a position as 
Deputy County Clerk. He held this place about three 
years, and in November, 1867, was elected County 
Treasurer, an office he held four terms in succes- 
sion. In 1870 he was selected as a member of the 
State Board of Equalization, and for four years dis- 



charged the duties of the two offices, and in" 1880 
represented Warren County in the Illinois Legisla- 
ture. His last political venture was his candidacy 
for the nomination for State Treasurer in 1882, which, 
however, he failed to get. 

Mr. Parry has always been a Republican of the 
most pronounced type, and his official life has always 
reflected credit upon that party. He is an active 
business man ; a man of unswerving integrity ; pure 
in his private life, unblemished in his public career 
and fitted intellectually to fill any position to which 
the people of his district may assign him. 

March 24, 1864, he was married at Monmouth, 
to Miss Mary A. Reed, daughter of Samuel Reed of 
Huntingdon Co., Pa. Their three children are 
named Nettie A., Walter D. and Jessie M. 




were 



ohn A. Nesbit, an energetic and prosperous 
\ resident of Lenox Township, residing on 
section n, where he is engaged quite ex- 
tensively in agricultural pursuits, is a son of 
Fisher and Jeniza (Adams) Nesbit, natives of 
Pennsylvania, where, in Perry County, they 
married and settled. About the year 1836, 
they removed to Franklin County, their native State, 
but finally returned to Perry County, there residing 
until death called them to their eternal home. Their 
family consisted of six children, three of whom are 
now living. 

John A., whose name is prominent in the affairs of 
his township, was the eldest of his parents' family 
and was born in Perry County, the Keystone State, 
May 1 6, 1825. His school privileges were quite 
limited and he was engaged in farming in the State 
of his nativity until the year 1869, when, in October 
of that year, he determined to travel Westward, 
thinking the facilities were much greater for acquir- 
ing a competency there than in his native State. He 
soon found a desirable location in Lenox Township. 
His success WAS remarkable in his last move and he 
has since made this his permanent abode. After 
laboring quite a while in the State of Pennsylvania, 
he had accumulated something of this world's goods 
before his emigration West, which enabled him to 
purchase a tract of 120 acres of good land. Of 



236 



WARREN COUNTY. 



course this was unimproved, except having been 
fenced and broken, but Mr. Nesbit entered actively 
and energetically upon its improvement; and the re- 
sults of his efforts have been rewarded, for his farm 
is now under an advanced state of cultivation, a fine 
residence has been erected thereon, as well as all 
other suitable outbuildings. 

Mr. N. formed a matrimonial alliance on -the i8th 
of September, 1848, in Cumberland Co., Pa., with 
Miss Hetty A. Hemp, daughter of Adam and Eliza- 
beth (Bowlar) Hemp, both natives of the State of 
Pennsylvania. Mrs. Nesbit was the eldest of a 
family of four children, and \vas born in Cumberland 
Co., Pa., Dec. 14, 1825. Their home circle has been 
blessed by the birth of one child, Addison H., who 
married Harriet G. Weakley and resides in Lenox 
Township, this county. 

Mr. Nesbit has held the position of School Di- 
rector, besides other minor offices within the gift of 
the people of his township, and he and his wife are 
members of the Presbyterian Church. Politically, 
Mr. N. casts his vote with the Republican party. 




fwrville Capps, who is engaged in agricultural 
J> pursuits on section 25, Lenox Township, 

where he was born Oct. 23, 1857, is a son 
of Asa and Mary A. (Brooks) Capps. (See 
sketch of T. L. Capps elsewhere in this vol- 
ume.) Orville remained at home, attending 
the district schools and assisting in the home duties, 
until he became the owner of 160 acres of land, 
which he then engaged in cultivating and improving, 
and which, as the result of his hard labor and en- 
ergy, now presents the appearance of thrift and suc- 
cess. It is all good, tillable land and under an 
advanced state of cultivation. Besides this, he owns 
six acres of timber land. 

Mr. Orville Capps and Miss Minerva ]. Ray were 
married Jan. n, i88r, in Roseville Township, she 
being a daughter of John and Elizabeth (Landis) 
Ray. Of their eight children, Mrs. Capps was the 
eldest, and was born in Berwick Township, Sept. i, 
1858. Mr. and Mrs. Capps had one child, Roy, 
who died when six weeks old. 

Mr. C. has been School Director in his township, 



and politically, affiliates with the Democratic party. 
Mr. and Mrs. Capps are members of the Baptist 
Church. 




I. Wickersham, engaged as a general 
merchant at Roseville, was born in Hen- 
derson Co., III., in 1845. His parents, 
Sellers and Adelia (Brown) Wickersham, were 
natives of Pennsylvania and Indiana respect- 
ively. They were married in 1844, in Illinois, 
and the subject of this sketch was their only child. 
He remained at home with his parents until of age, 
in the meantime receiving a fair English education. 
After leaving home he engaged to clerk for his uncle, 
John Edwards, at Oquawka, Henderson County, 
this State, and remained in his store for about a year 
and a half. He then formed a partnership, which 
existed two years, when he bought out the interest of 
his uncle. He conducted the business himself for a 
year, when William Stockton was taken in as a part- 
ner and the firm name became Wickersham & Stock- 
ton. This continued for only a year, when Mr. 
Wickersham, being desirous of making a change, 
sold out to his partner and went to Galesburg. At 
the latter place he engaged in the occupation of a 
clerk in the firm of Willard, Kurd & Butler. He 
remained a year with this firm, and in 1871 came to 
Roseville and connected himself with a Mr. Janes, 
under the firm name of Janes & Wickersham, in 
the merchant-tailoring business, located on the cor- 
ner where now stands the Roseville Bank. They 
continued in partnership for two years, when Mr. 
Wickersham bought out his partner's interest and ran 
the business one year himself. He then took Ben- 
jamin Morford as a partner, and the firm name be- 
came Wickersham & Morford. These relations 
continued for only two years, when Mr. Wickersham 
again sold out to his partner, removing to Villisca, 
Iowa, and engaged in the store of C. C. Lundy, as 
clerk, remaining there for the short space of six 
months. He again returned to Roseville, and clerked 
for E. F. Emans for a year. His first purchase was 
the lot on the corner of Pennsylvania Avenue and 
Market Street, where he erected a store building and 
engaged in business, where he has since remained. 



. 






I* 
* 



4* 



WARREN COUNTY. 



241 



In his chosen vocation, that of general merchant, he 
has been very successful. 

Mr. Wickersham was married in October, 1873, to 
Miss Louisa Pratt, daughter of Abijah and Mary 
Pratt, natives of Massachusetts, who came to 
Illinois at an early day and settled in Roseville, this 
county. Mr. and Mrs. Wickersham have had their 
home circle blessed and brightened by the birth of 
five children, Ellis B., Mary L., Cora A., Clarence 
E. and Ella. 




t enry Staat, one of Warren County's most 
successful farmers and large land-owners, 
residing on section 30, Berwick Township, 
was born in this county, Aug. 7, 1842. He is a 
son of Francis Staat, a native of Alsace, Ger- 
many, where he was born May 17, 1813. 
The father emigrated to America, landing at New 
York in May, 1832, and there worked at his trade 
for some years. In 1837 he left the metropolis and 
journeyed westward. Finding a desirable location 
in this county, he made a settlement here, and was 
consequently one of the earliest pioneers of the 
county. He was an edge-tool maker, and made the 
first scouring plows used in the county. He settled 
on Crooked Creek, where he followed his trade of 
blacksmithing and edge-tool making for one year, 
when he came a few miles east and located near 
Greenbush, where he remained until 1849. During 
the great gold excitement of that period he was 
one of the thousands who left their homes to seek 
their fortunes in the far western mountains. He left 
this county in 1850, reached California after the 
usual tedious journey common to that day, but re- 
mained there only ten months, when he realized that 
the fleeting goddess of fortune was no nearer than 
when the merry song of toil and labor rang out from 
the anvil in his rude cabin shop in Warren County. 
County. Besides, being a man of domestic habits 
and having strong family ties, the glittering nuggets 
were too few and too small to compensate for being 
deprived of the pleasures of the home circle. He 
accordingly returned to this county, and we shortly 
afterwards find him engaged in land speculation. In 
1856 he moved to the place where his son Henry 
now lives, which at the time was somewhat improved. 



Here he made his home until the spring of 1870, 
when he retired from the active labors of life and 
moved to Monmouth, where he was pleasantly lo- 
cated and lived in the enjoyment of the fruits of an 
active and well spent life, until robbed of his com- 
panion by the hand of death, Nov. 19, 1880. He 
then returned to the old farm homestead, and lived 
with his son until August i of the following year, 
when he was called to join the companion of his 
earthly life. He was married (March 19, 1855) to 
Miss Margaret Ehrhardt, who was born in Germany 
in 1810. Their children were seven in number, 
namely : Frederick, Francis, Sallie, Elizabeth, Henry, 
George and Emma. Four died in infancy. Eliza- 
beth was the wife of Samuel Huston: she died Aug. 
19, 1869, leaving no children. Emma is the wife of 
John Wesley Malcolm. She and Henry are the only 
survivors of this large family of children. 

The elder Staat was not only one of the early pio- 
neers of Warren County, but one of its . most active 
and enterprising citizens. He was an energetic, 
stirring fellow, and was a leading spirit in the affairs 
of his community. We are pleased to be able to 
present his portrait in this ALBUM of the portraits of ^ 
so many of the leading men of the county. As a 
fitting companion picture to his we present that of 
the lady who was so long his companion in life. 
The hardships of pioneer life, the labor and strug- 
gles of their early years, were alike shared by her. 
Few of the present day realize what are the hard- 
ships of those who push ahead into a new and un- 
settled country, subdue and prepare it for a home for 
their children and posterity. There were, of course, 
pleasures, pure, simple, but genuine, which softened 
the hard experiences and were a shield from the 
thorny and rocky paths over which they traveled. 

Henry Staat formed a matrimonial alliance with 
Miss Cordelia C. Bond, Aug. 12, 1869, at Burling- 
ton, Iowa. She was born June 2, 1850, in this 
county, and was the daughter of John C. Bond, a 
native of Tennessee, where he was born in 1779. 
Her father came to this county in 1832, and died 
May 20, 1882. For a further biography, we refer 
the reader to his sketch in another part of his vol- 
ume. Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Staat, eight 
children were born, seven of whom are living, 
namely: Ora A., born Oct. 30, 1870; John F., 
Nov. 24, 1872; Nellie M., Sept. 30, 1874; Lena, 
, 1876; George, Sept. 21, 1877 ; Eddie J., Sept, 



34* 



WARREN COUNTY. 



i, 1881 ; Norris H., Jan. 18, 1885. A twin brother to 
George died in infancy. 

Mr. Staat is the proprietor of 2,027 acres of land 
in this county, and on his home farm he has a fine 
residence, together with a good barn and other 
necessary outbuildings. His land lies in Berwick, 
Roseville and Swan Townships. He is probably 
the largest stock-raiser in Warren County, and 
ships large quantities direct to the great markets. 
He is also engaged in raising fine horses and mules, 
and at the present writing has over 100 head. He 
is a gentleman noted for his business judgment, 
strict integrity, and fair and honest dealing with his 
fellow men, and his success in life is attributable to 
the energy and good judgment which he always 
brings to bear in business transactions. In politics, 
he is a believer in and a supporter of the principles 
advocated by the Democratic party. 



lohn Caldwell, an influential citizen and 
successful farmer of Hale Township, resid- 
ing on section 1 1, where he owns 200 acres 
of good farm land, is a native of Cadiz, Ohio, 
having been born there Dec. 31, 1813. When 
Mr. Caldwell was eight years of age his father 
died, and he went to live with an uncle, with whom 
he remained until he attained his majority. At that 
time he engaged to learn '.he carpenter's trade, which 
he mastered and followed until he was about 35 years 
of age. He came to this State in 1853, and settled 
in Sumner Township, this county, where he resided 
for about one year, when he made a transfer to Hale 
Township. In the latter township, upon his excel- 
lent farm, he has erected fine buildings, and by in- 
cessant labor has placed his land under an advanced 
state of cultivation, until his farm to day present? an 
attractive appearance to the passer-by. 

The marriage of Mr. Caldwell to Mary A. (Mc- 
Mehan) Nichol took place in Greene Co., Ohio, Nov. 
5, 1840. She was bom in Belmont County, that 
State, March 26, 1822, and has borne her husband 
ten children, Nancy J., Jackson N , Joseph M., 
John M., Francis M., James R., Donna M. E., Lelia 
A., Eva J. and William E. Nancy J. is the wife of 
Thomas Goudy, of Kansas; Jackson, Joseph and 
John also reside in Kansas and are all ^married; 




Francis M. is a professor of music at Monmouth, 
and is also married; James lives at home; Donna 
married Henry Runyan, a resident of Iowa; Lelia is 
the wife of John Shaffer, a farmer in Hale Township; 
Eva married James T. Nash, who also resides in 
Hale Township; William E. is likewise a resident of 
the township last named. 

Mr. Caldwell has been Supervisor and Justice of 
the Peace and held other minor offices within the 
gift of the people of his township. He and his wife 
are members of the United Presbyterian Church, 
and, in politics, Mr. Caldwell votes with the Repub- 
lican party. 




bsalom Vandeveer. Prominent among the 
leading agriculturists of Warren County is 
Absalom Vandeveer, who resides on seo- 
tion 15, Swan Township. He has long been 
regarded as one of the enterprising and suc- 
cessful farmers of the county. He was born 
Sept. 22, 1822, in Jackson Co., Ind., and is a son of 
Charles Vandeveer, a native of North Carolina. The 
father spent the early part of his life prior to his 
marriage in Kentucky, and was among the early 
pioneers of Illinois, coming here as early as 1830. 
He then located in Sangamon County, where he re- 
mained until 1836, when he removed to this county 
and here resided until his death, in 1854, at the age 
of 66 years. He was born in 1788, and had occu- 
pied the pulpit for over 30 years, preaching the doc- 
trine of the old-school Baptist. His marriage to 
Polly Gilbraith took place in 1810. She was born 
in 1788 and was of Irish parentage, her father hav- 
ing emigrated to this country in time to take part in 
the Revolutionary War. She died in March, 1856, 
in Warren County, after having borne her husband 
eight children, Eveline, John, William, Elizabeth, 
Aaron, Cynthia, Absalom and Polly, only four of 
whom are yet living, viz. : John, William, Cynthia 
and Absalom. 

Absalom Vandeveer, of whom we write, formed a 
matrimonial alliance with Miss Delila Lieurance, 
Dec. 14, 1845. She was born Aug. 23, 1827, in 
Clinton Co., Ohio, and came to Illinois with her par- 
ents in 1835. Her father still lives in this county, 



WARREN COUNTY. 



at the advanced age of 84 years, having been born 
in 1 80 r in Tennessee. He married Miss Anna 
Wright in 1822. She was born in 1803, and died in 
1838, leaving to the care of her husband six chil- 
dren, Mary, Delila, Aylett R., Rebecca, Jehu and 
Amos, the latter two of whom have deceased. 

Mr. Vandeveer and his wife have become the par- 
ents of nine children. The record is as follows: 
Silas B., born Dec. 8, 1846; Amelia J., Feb. 16, 
1848; Abbie, Dec. 16, 1851; Lovell P., Oct. 12, 
1852; Mary E., Match 10, 1854; George M., Dec. 
15. 1855 ; William A., Jan. 8, 1858; Donezell, Nov. 
19,1859; and Flo N., Oct. 27, 1861. Mr. Vandeveer 
has 12 grandchildren. Of his own children men- 
tioned above, George was killed in the memorable 
tornado, May *2, 1873. He was in the cellar under 
the house when the tornado took the building from its 
foundation, and a field roller was blown into the 
cellar, which was probably the cause of his death, 
the roller striking him, while in motion, on the back 
[part of his head. His life was thus cut short in the 
1 7th year of his age. 

Mr. Vandeveer is an earnest worker in the Baptist 
Church, of which he is Deacon. He has 280 acres 
of land in Swan Township, with a fine two-story 
residence, 30 x 36 feet in dimensions, and a barn 
24 x 50 with 2o-foot posts. In addition to the cul- 
tivation of his land, he is also devoting a portion of 
his time to the breeding of thoroughbred Short- 
horns, of which he has seven head. In the tornado 
of 1873 he lost everything save his land, but he had 
many kind neighbors who contributed to the wants 
of himself and family until assistance was no longer 
necessary, and now that he has recovered his losses, 
and is in a fair way to secure a certain competency, 
he does not forget the acts of kindness bestowed 
upon him and his in the hour of need. All of 
Mr. and Mrs. Vande veer's children, except Amelia, 
are living in this county. She became the wife of 
James M. Crabb, and is now living with him in Mac- 
pherson Co., Kan. They have seven children, whose 
names are Leon, Minnie ; Rena, Edward, Paul, Mar- 
lin and Flo Crabb. Mary E. is the wife of Samuel 
Larkin, a farmer of this county, and they have three 
children, D. Alvin, Walter and an infant. Lovell 
married Ida Lawrence and resides on the home 
farm : Floss Rose is the name of their only child. 
Donnie married Robert Beekner, a farmer of Swan 



Township, and is the mother of two children, Lova 
and Zelma. The entire family are members of the 
Baptist Church, and in politics Mr. V. is identified 
with the Democratic party. 



oe; 




IK illiam Patch, who is one of the leading 
agriculturists and stock-raisers of Ellison 
Township, was born on the old homestead 
V of his parents, on section 31 of this town- 
ship, July ii, 1858. His home farm is now 
on section 30. His father, Mayhew Patch, in 
early years was engaged at the carpenter's trade, 
but turned his attention to agricultural pursuits, 'at 
which he devoted the remainder of his life. He was 
born in New Hampshire, of New England ancestry, 
and was married in Eaton, his native State, to Mis 
Susan Snow, a native of that place, where she was 
also reared. As early as 1855, they came West, and 
located upon a tract of raw land in Ellison Town- 
snip. Here he erected a house, made excellent im- 
provements and with the exception of three years 
spent in the cily of Monmouth, he passed the re- 
mainder of his life here. He died at his home July 
24, 1880, at the age of 57 years. He was highly es- 
teemed for his many excellent virtues, and was re- 
garded as one of the leading citizens in Ellison 
Township. His widow yet resides on the old home- 
stead. She is the mother of five children, four of 
whom are living and all married. 

William Patch was the youngest but one of the 
family mentioned above. He was born, reared, edu- 
cated and embarked in business for himself in this 
township. He lived with his mother after the death 
of his father, working on the home farm until his 
marriage. This important event of his life occurred 
June 10, 1885, at the residence of the bride's father 
in Prairie City, 111. The lady who joined him at 
this time was Miss Hattie Jones, daughter of Robert 
Jonee. She is a native of New England, and was 
only five years of age when her parents came to 
Prairie City. Here she was reared and educated 
and lived at home until her marriage For five years 
previous to this event, however, she had been en- 
gaged in teaching school. Her mother died in 1881. 



244 



WARREW COUNTY. 



Her father is a blacksmith, residing in Prairie City. 

The parents of Mr. Patch were active and zealous 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, to 
which our subject with his wife is also connected, 
and he has taken an active part in the labors of the 
Church. His father was a Democrat in politics, but 
William is inclined to be more independent in his 
political views. He has held the minor offices of 
his township, and is regarded as one of the enterpris- 
ing young farmers of Warren County. 





saac Van Tasell, who is passing the sunset 
of his life in ease and comfort, having re- 
tired from active labors of the farm and 
who is at present residing at Monmouth, is a 
son of Green and Deborah Van Tasell. The 
parents of Mr. Van Tasell died in Lyons, 
|Dutchess Co., N. Y., when Isaac was but two years 
fof age. Isaac was born in Dutchess Co., York 
State, July 3, 1822, and continued to reside there 
[until 1851, when, hoping to better his financial con- 
dition in life, he came to Kendall County, this State. 
In the latter county he resided for ten years, follow- 
ing agricultural pursuits, and in the fall of 1859 
came to this county and located in Lenox Township 
and followed the same occupation there until 1883, 
when he removed to Monmouth. 

'Mr. Van Tasell was united in marriage in his na- 
tive county and State, Sept. 12, 1850, Miss Phebe 
D. Cargill becoming his wife. She was a native of 
York State and- has borne her husband five children, 
Mary E., Julia A., Jam-is W., Ella L. and Carrie 
M. Mary E. became the wife of George Brown, a 
farmer of Kendall County, this State; Julia A. mar- 
ried Jacob Ball, and resides in Nebraska; James W. 
follows farming in Lenox Township (see sketch) ; 
Ella L. resides at home; Carrie M. was united in 
marriage with Ira Sprout, a resident of Kirkwood. 

Mr. Van Tasell is the proprietor of 134^ acres of 
land, r2oof which is under an advanced state of 
cultivation. He resides in Monmouth Township, 
where he is passing the sunset of his life, enjoying 
the accumulations which toil and economy have 



brought him. He has held the office of School 
Director, and his politics are those of a staunch and 
unflinching Republican. 




ranklin Booth, located on section [8, 
j- Swan Township, where he resides and is 
~ actively engaged in its cultivation and 
improvement, which has been the vocation of 
his life, was born in Cabell Co., Va,, Nov. 7, 
1829, and is a son of Ferguson Booth, de- 
ceased, who was" born in Virginia, Oct. 10, 1799. 
The father came to this State in March, 1836, and 
located in Knox County ; remained there for a time, 
then moved to this county, where he died, Feb. 14, 
1876. He was married to Miss Lucinda Perdue in 
1819. She was born in 1804 in Virginia, and still 
survives, residing in this county. Of the parents' 
union, these children were born : Sarah J., Burwell, 
Franklin, Russell, Morris, James W., Leander and 
Mary A. Marinda was drowned when four years of 
age while wading across a stream in Virginia. She 
became bewildered, and falling was unable to re- 
cover herself, and was thus drowned. Sarah J., 
wife of Stephen Spordock, died leaving eight chil- 
dren ; William Lewis, the eldest child, died in his 
infancy. 

Franklin Booth, the subject of this biographical 
notice, was married to Miss Martha Sargent, March 
23, 1854, at Monmouth, 111. She wds born April 3, 
1836, in Jacksonville, Morgan County, this Slate, 
and is a daughter of John Sargent, born in Ohio, 
Dec. 15, 1801. Her father came, to this State in 
1822, and participated in the Black Hawk War. His 
wife, Mary (Johnson) Sargent, to whom he was mar- 
ried in 1827, was born in 1809, and died in 1838, 
her husband surviving her until Sept. 24, 1884. Of 
their union nine children were born, Elizabeth, 
Mary A., Sarah, Martha J., Lorinda, Eveline, 
Thomas B., Tobitha and Mary L. 

Mr. and Mrs. Booth are the parents of seven chil- 
dren, namely: James W., born July 2, 1857; Ira 
S., Jan. 20, 1858; Henry T., March 8, 1859; Nellie, 
June 23, 1863; Allen C., Sept. 27, 1865 ; Nola E., 
Feb. 20, 1868; Annie M., July 19, 1873. Two of 



; ve 






RESIDENCE OF JOHN WONDERLY, SEC. 13., LENOX TOWNSHIP. 




RESIDENCE or B.r. FORWOOD SEC. 23., SPRING GRQMZ TOWNSHIP. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



247 



the above named are deceased, James and Nellie, 
the former dying May 17, 1858, and the latter June 
3, 1864. Ira S. married Ada Cooper, and resides in 
Swan Township. All are at home except Ira S. and 
Henry T. The latter is fanning in Swan Township. 
Mr. Booth and family are pleasantly situated on 
their magnificent farm of 375 acres, located on sec- 
tion 18, Swan Township. He owns his land and 
has the same under an advanced state of cultivation, 
and since coming to the county, in 1852, he has de- 
1 voted his time and attention to its cultivation. In 
addition to the cultivation of his land, he is to no 
' small extent interesting himself in the breeding of 
: Short-horn cattle, and fattens stock for the purpose 
of shipping. 

Mr. and Mrs. Booth are consistent members of 
the Methodist Episcopal Church. In politics, Mr. 
Booth is, and has been all his life, a Republican. 




ohn H. Lippy, engaged in merchandising 
at Swan Creek, is a native of Hamilton 
Co., Ohio, where he was born July 31, 
1841. He came to this State in 1844, landing 
in Fulton County July 4, of that year. The 
father of Mr. Lippy, John Lippy, Sr., was born 
in Maryland, in 1804, and married Miss Sarah Zepp 
in 1832. She was born May i, 1806, and they be- 
came the parents of 14 children, nine daughters and 
five sons, Mary E., Rebecca, Sarah C, J. H., 
George W., David E., Susan L., Marinda J., Jane, 
Edna M., William, and three unnamed who died in 
infancy. 

Mr. Lippy of this notice was married April 12, 
1866, to Miss Hulda Luper, who was born Aug. 29, 
1846, and has borne her husband four children, 
Ida May, S. J., P. H. and Louisa I. Mr. Lippy 
has a .fine stock of goods in Swan Creek, his store 
room being 22 x 50 feet in dimensions, and is meet- 
ing with financial success in his business. He car- 
ries a stock of about $3,500. In July, 1877, he was 
appointed Postmaster, and still holds that office. In 
politics, he is an active, working Republican. In 
1862 he entered the service of the Union, and June 
6 of that year was mustered in at Knoxville, 111., 



joining Co. D, io2d 111. Vol. Inf., Col. McMurtry 
commanding. He first did service in Kentucky, 
" after Bragg," and was in several general engage- 
ments and 24 skirmishes. He was wounded twice 
in the left leg while in Mississippi, but is receiving 
no pension from the Government. Jan. 6, 1865, 
almost at the close of the war, Mr. Lippy received 
his discharge at Vicksburg, Miss., and returned 
home. 

In addition to his general mercantile business, Mr. 
Lippy is engaged in buying and shipping grain and 
stock. He started his business at Swan Creek 
March 13, 1876, and by his fair and honest dealings 
with his patrons has established a good trade. So- 
cially, he is a member of the G. A. R. He has nine 
lots and four buildings in Swan Creek. 




ohn Wonderly, one of the best known of 
the many well-to-do farmers of Lenox 
Township, is the owner of an excellent farm 
located on section 15, where he is residing. 
He is a son of Daniel and Elizabeth (Wolf) 
Wonderly, natives of Pennsylvania, in which 
State they also died. John was the third in order of 
birth of a family of six children. He was born in 
Cumberland Co., Pa., Nov. 20, 1822, and received 
his education in the common schools. His years, 
prior to his emigration to this county, were passed 
in farming in his native State, with the exception of 
about ten months, which were spent in Indiana. He 
came here in 1855, and after being a short time in 
Monmouth, located in Lenox Township, where he 
has since resided. He is the owner of 1 60 acres, 
the major portion of which is tillable, and with his 
family resides on the farm on section 13, Lenox 
Township; besides, he owns a tract of timber land 
in Floyd Township on section 8. He has a com- 
modious and well furnished farm residence, which 
with its pleasant surroundings are illustrated in the 
view on page 245. 

The marriage of Mr. Wonderly to the lady whom 
he wooed and won, Miss Margaret Zug, occurred in 
Cumberland Co., Pa., Nov. 28, 1844. She was a 
native of the county in which she was married and 



-: 



f "4JT 



WARREN COUNTY. 



has borne her husband nine children. The living 
are Mary E., Emma C., Daniel Z., John W. Martha 
J. and Charles A. Those deceased are George W., 
Ann M. and Clara A. Mary E. became the wife of 
J. L. Young, a farmer of Lenox Township ; Emma 
C. was united in marriage with Wm. Jewell, who re- 
sides in Nebraska ; Daniel Z. is a resident of Hen- 
derson County; John lives in Nebraska; the husband 
of Martha, Henry Norcross, with his wife resides in 
Nebraska ; Charles A. lives at home. 

In politics, Mr. Wonderly casts his vote with the 
Democratic party. He has held the offices of Road 
Commissioner and School Director, and is one of the 
energetic and highly respected farmers of Lenox 
Township. He and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Church. 




: ! ayton A. Vaughn, farrner, residing on sec- 
tion 20, Greenbush Township, was born in 
Dinwiddie Co., Va., March 31, 1810, and 
is the son of John E. Vaughn, a native of that 
State. The father married Miss Susan Cotton 
in 1808. She was a native of England, and 
bore her husband five children, Payton, Nancy, 
George C., Jane and Emily. 

Payton A. Vaughn married Miss Mary A. Dar- 
neille, July 18, 1834, Rev. Kirkpatrick, of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church, officiating. She was born 
Feb. 13, 1820, in Kentucky, and came to this State 
in 1833 with her mother, and located near Quincy, 
Adams County. Of their union seven children were 
born, the following being their names: Elizabeth, 
Dec. 5, 1835 ; Martha A., June 27, 1838, died March 
13, 1843; Barthenia, Jan. 6, 1841 ; James T., May 
21, 1843; Mary Z., Nov. 2, 1848; George E., July 
10, 1852, and Douglas B., Feb. 14, 1860. 

Mr. Vaughn, of this sketch, owns 370 acres of 
good farm land, located on section 20, Greenbush 
Township, and is there engaged in farming and rais- 
ing graded stock. He has some very fine Norman 
horses, and also a fine half-blooded Clydesdale four- 
year-old, and in both branches of his vocation is 
meeting with financial success. He has served as 
Road Commissioner and School Trustee. In politics, 



he is a believer in and supporter of the principles ad- 
vocated by the Democratic party. Mr. Vaughn and 
and wife are both members of the Methodist Episco- 
pal Church. 




t rs. Rebecca Morford, residing at Rose- 
ville, is the widow of Benjamin Morford, 
who was born in Mercer Co., Pa., March 
18, 1813. The parents of Mr. Morford were 
Joseph and Elizabeth (Fell) Morford, natives 
of New Jersey. The family of the parents 
consisted of ten children, seven of whom grew to the 
age of manhood and womanhood. 

Benjamin Morford, husband of the subject of this 
sketch, assisted his father on the farm and attended 
the common schools, developing into manhood. Four 
years after he attained his majority, when 25 years 
of age, his father gave him a farm, on which he lo- 
cated and at once engaged in the vocation in which 
he had received instruction at home up to that time, 
farming; and on this place- he remained and 
continued to cultivate the same for 14 years. He 
then sold his farm and came to this State, in 1851, 
and settled at Roseville, purchasing 80 acres of land 
on the east and one acre on the west side of Main 
Street. On this land he erected a residence and 
there made his home until the date of his death, 
which occurred Jan. 14, 1875. He platted a part of 
his farm, and since his death the remainder, with 
the exception of a few acres, has been incorporated 
within the present limits of the village of Roseville. 

Mr. Morford was united in marriage to Miss Re- 
becca Stem in 1838. She was a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, her parents being Frederick and Sarah 
(Harris) Stem, natives of Maryland and Pennsyl- 
vania respectively. Her father came with his family 
to this State in 1861, and settled one and a half 
miles east of Roseville, where he purchased 160 
acres of land, and by his economy and perseverance 
increased his landed interests in the county to 400 
acres. He and his wife continued to reside on the 
old homestead until their deaths, that of the former 
occurring June 9, 1875, and the latter Jan. 14, 1867. 

Mr. and Mrs. Morford became the parents of ten 



WARREN COUNTY. 



249 



children, six of whom are still living, Sarah E. 
Patch, Zilpah A. Lewis, Nelson A., Ross C., Cora 
D. and George E. Mrs. Morford still continues to 
reside on the old homestead, with her daughter Cora 
and son George. She is a member of the Baptist 
Church, to which denomination he also belonged. 
Mr. Morford was the first Postmaster in Roseville, 
and held the office for some 10 or 12 years. He 
also held the offices of Justice of the Peace and 
Road Commissioner, and was one of the respected 
and honored pioneers of the village of Roseville. 




Chester Brooks, a prosperous and ener- 
getic farmer and stock-raiser, on section 
1 6, Ellison Township, was born in Ni- 
agara Co., N. Y., on the 27 th of December, 
1817. His father, Noah Brooks, a farmer and 
mechanic by occupation, was a native of Con- 
necticut, of New England parentage and Welsh de- 
scent. He formed a matrimonial alliance in Ulster 
Co., N. Y., with Miss Maria Russell, also a native 
of Connecticut, and of similar ancestry and descent. 
Before the war of 1812, the parents settled in Gene- 
see Co., York State, where they remained for some 
years. Mr. Noah Brooks, during the War of 1812, 
held the position of a militia soldier, and after his re- 
turn moved to Orleans Co., the same State. When 
our subject, Chester Brooks, was but a small child of 
about 12 years of age, and while living near his birth- 
place, Noah Brooks, his father, died. The mother 
afterward lived with her daughter in Wisconsin and 
Ohio, dying at the former place at an advanced age. 
Chester, after the death of his father, went to live with 
a Mr. William Jackson, of Orleans Co., Empire State. 
Here he remained, making that his home until he 
reached the age of 26 .years, having attended the 
high schools of Orleans and Niagara Counties in the 
meantime. In the fall of 1844 he came to Illinois, 
and began teaching in the common schools and also 
teaching music in Cass County, and later worked at 
his trade, that of carpenter and joiner, which he had 
learned in his native State. While in Cass County 
he was united in marriage, in 1847, to Miss Elizabeth 
V. Beard, daughter of Alex, and Lucy (Yates) Beard, 



the latter a cousin to Governor Yates. Mrs. Brooks 
was born in Cass County, this State, Nov. 26, 1830, 
and her parents were successful farmers and natives 
of Kentucky and Virginia, respectively. After Mr. 
Beard's first marriage, he came to Illinois, but re- 
turned to Kentucky after the demise of his wife, and 
married the second time. He again returned to this 
State and here both he and his wife died. Mrs. 
Brooks was well educated in the public schools and 
lived at home until her marriage. Mr. and Mrs. 
Brooks have became the parents of five children, of 
whom the following is a brief record : William mar- 
ried Jennie Reynolds and they reside on a farm in 
Hardin Co., Iowa; Edwin C. is the husband of 
Sarah, nee Baldwin, and is engaged in stock-raising at 
Centralia, Nemaha Co., Kan.; Lucy A., wife of B. F. 
Graham, lives on a farm in Grundy Co., Iowa; 
George A. resides at home, as likewise does Emma E. 
After marriage Mr. Brooks resided in Cass County, 
this State, for 10 years, where he was engaged in 
in farming. In October, 1864, he came to this' 
county and purchased 137 acres of land, all of which 
was improved, with good buildings, etc. Since that 
time he has added 40 acres to his purchase and now 
has 177 acres of good farm land. He has held the 
offices of Justice of the Peace and Township Clerk 
and also School Trustee, which latter office he has. 
held for 15 years and is the present incumbent. He 
has been a Republican ever since the organization 
of that party, and is an active and e.iergetic worker 
in support of its principles. 




amos B. Reynolds is a fanner on section 
24 in the township of Sumner, where he 

r*" has resided since 186?. At the time he suc- 
J 

j> ceeded to its ownership a small frame house 
was on the place, which, with the other appur- 
tenances of the site, was in a dilapidated con- 
dition. He has erected a good set of buildings and 
put the place under improvements second to none in 
the county. The residence and its surroundings are 
beautiful, the former being of much more than ordin- 
ary style for a farm house, and the well planned and 
beautified grounds adding greatly to its attractive 



WARREN COUNTY. 



appearance. The ornamental trees include Scotch 
pine, European larch and others of equal rarity and 
beauty. It is but justice to state that the estate is 
one of the most attractive and valuable in Warren 
County. The location is on a southern slope, and 
from the buildings, which are placed on the height 
of the land, the spires of Monmouth are plainly vis- 
ible. 

Mr. Reynolds has been a Democrat until later 
issues engaged his attention, and now adopts the 
views of the Prohibitionists. He was born in the 
township of Hale in Warren County, Feb. 18, 1838. 

Thomas Reynolds, his father, was a pioneer of the 
county, of 1836. He was born Oct. 15, 1782, in 
North Carolina, and was of Scotch-Irish origin. He 
passed all the earlier years of his life in his native 
State, where he was married to Eleanor McClanahan. 
She was born in North Carolina, March 10, 1803. 
In addition to the business of farmer the senior 
Reynolds was a practical miller, and he followed 
the combined relations of his two callings in his na- 
tive State until 1834. 
L. About that time the spirit of progress seemed to 
take possession of the people in a manner then un- 
common, and Mr. Reynolds yielded to it and to the 
belief that he could secure for himself and his in- 
creasing family the advantages of a broader field of. 
operation. Accordingly, in the year named, he set 
out with his household for Indiana. The country 
between North Carolina and the point of destination 
in the Hoosier State was traversed with a team and 
a covered wagon ; and the same conveyance carried 
the goods of the household ; and the cooking and 
domestic arrangements generally were conducted on 
the way much after the same pattern as in the de- 
serted home in the South. They stayed their steps 
in White Co., Ind., and resided there two years. In 
1836 they took up their line of march to the west- 
ward and came in the same manner in which they 
had made their former journey, to Illinois. The 
father made a location at Sugar Grove, in Hale 
Township, in this county. He rented land for a time 
to give himself an opportunity to look about and de- 
termine on the best plan to pursue and where was 
the best place to make a permanent settlement. He 
decided to go to Henderson County. He bought a 
tract of land in the timber in the vicinity of Hollings- 
worth/s mill, and proceeded to arrange his affairs on 



the accepted plan of the pioneers. He erected a log 
cabin for a temporary home and cleared 40 acres of 
land. There he remained about 14 years. On sell- 
ing out, he bought a prairie farm two miles from 
Biggsville and was its owner and occupant until 
1866. That was the year in which he made his final 
removal to Sumner Township. He settled on the 
farm which his son had bought in that township and 
his life continued only a few years after. He died 
June 12, 1869. The wife and mother lived until 
Aug 15, 1881. Of their seven children only two 
survive. Mr. Reynolds has a younger sister Mar- 
tha E., the wife of R. W. Wiley, of Sumner Town- 
ship. 

Mr. Reynolds was ten years of age when his par- 
ents removed to Henderson County. He was brought 
up to the calling of his forefathers and was a pupil 
in the public school. Later he attended the High 
School at Oquawka, and finally finished his educa- 
tion with three years' attendance at Monmouth Col- 
lege. 

Feb. 1 8, 1868, he was married to Araminta C. 
McCrery, and they have two children. Mabel is 
pursuing a course of study at Monmouth College. < 
Bertha A. is the younger, Mrs. Reynolds was born 
in Monmouth, June 25, 1849. 

Mr. and Mrs. Reynolds are members of the United 
Presbyterian Church, as is their oldest daughter. 




illiam K. Stewart attorney at law, Mon- 
mouth, was born in McDonough County, 
this State, Dec. 3, 1845. He spent his 
youth largely at school, and graduated from 
Monmouth College in the class of 1867. He 
began the study of law at once under his father 
and was admitted to the Bar in April, 1868, and be- 
gan practice at Oquawka the following fall. (For 
parentage, etc., see biography of Hon. J. H. Stewart, 
this volume.) In 1873 he came to Monmouth from 
-Oquawka and became the junior of the firm of 
Stewart, Phelps & Stewart, probably the strongest 
law firm in the city. At the end of two years the 
firm dissolved, and Mr. Stewart repaired to Burling- 
ton, Iowa, and was there two years. Returning tq 



\H 'K 



> u 



WARREN COUNTY. 



S3 



Monmouth in 1877, he was at once appointed City 
Attorney, and in 1878 was elected Police Magistrate, 
which he resigned at the end of three years to be- 
come a member of the firm of Stewart & Grier. 
Since 1883, this firm has been Stewart & Stewart, 
and is composed of Hon. J. H. Stewart and the sub- 
ject of this sketch. At the spring election of 1885, 
Mr. Stewart was elected City Attorney, and is the 
present incumbent of that office. 

He was married in McDonough County, this State, 
April 16, 1873, to Miss Mary E. Mariner, and has 
three children. 




acob Byers, a sturdy tiller of the soil, 
which vocation he has followed the major 
portion of his life, resides on section 18, 
Hale Township. He is a son of Jacob and 
Catherine (Lawyer) Byers, natives of Pennsyl- 
vania. The father died in Darke Co., Ohio, 
Aug. 12, 1862, aged 80, and the mother in Franklin 
Co., Pa., Aug. 4, 1842, aged 63. The parents of the 
elder Byers were of German and Irish ancestry re- 
spectively. The record of the elder Jacob Byers' 
family of seven children is as follows: David, Re- 
becca, Elizabeth, Joseph, Solomon, Rosana and 
Jacob. David married Miss Eve Stake, of Frank- 
lin Co., Pa., and they had one son : the father and 
son are deceased. Rebecca married George Ens- 
menger, of Cumberland Co., Pa., and a large family 
blessed this union : the mother is deceased. Eliza- 
beth married Isaac Basehore, of Franklin Co., Pa., 
and became the mother of two children, one of 
whom, with the mother, is deceased. Joseph mar- 
ried Rebecca Rafesnyder, of the same county, and 
had a family of two boys and three girls. Solomon 
married Sarah A. Bitner and had 15 children, five of 
whom are deceased : the father died in 1884. Ro- 
sanna married Samuel Railing, of Cumberland Co., 
Pa., and had a family of seven children, four of 
whom are deceased. 

Jacob Byers was the youngest of a family of seven 
children born to his parents, all growing to attain the 
age of their majority. He was born June 16, 1821, 



and during his early boyhood attended the common 
schools, receiving a fair education. At the age of 
15 years he went forth in the cold, unfriendly world 
to d ) for himself. His first occupation after leaving 
the parental roof was that of an agriculturist, which 
he followed for two years, receiving remuneration for 
his services, at the expiration of which time, when 
he was 17 years of age, he apprenticed himself to 
learn the blacksmith's trade. This he mastered and 
continued to follow as a means of livelihood for sev- 
eral years, and even after coming to this county he 
was thus engaged in connection with his farm duties 
for about seven years. He came to Warren County 
in 1853, and for about three and a half years lived 
in Monmouth, where he followed his trade. He 
moved to Hale Township in 1857, and settled on 
section 18, where he became the owner of 88 acres 
of good tillable land, and on which he has lived and 
labored until the present time. By his energy and 
economy he has succeeded in making additions to 
his original purchase until he is at present the pro- 
prietor of 208 acres of land in Hale Township and a 
farm of 69 acres in Henderson County. 

Mr. Byers was wedded to Harriet E. Bitner, in 
Franklin Co., Pa., June 20, 1845. She was the 
daughter of Michael and Jane (Goodman) Bitner, 
the former of whom died in Franklin Co., Pa., and . 
the latter in Monmouth. Mr. and Mrs. Byers have 
become the parents of eight children, whom they 
have named Priscilla J., Catherine E., John F., 
William E., Jacob M., Lydia B., David I. and Grace 

E. Priscilla is the wife of Henry Cooper and re- 
sides in Henderson County; Catherine E. married 
Ralph Ostrander, a resident of St. Louis, Mo. ; John 

F. lives in Georgetown, Col. ; William E. is engaged 
in teaching in Iowa; Jacob lives at home; Lydia B. 
married Nicholas Resener, who is a resident of Gris- 
wold, Iowa; David I. lives in St. Louis, Mo.; and 
Grace E. is deceased. 

Mrs. Byers died in Hale Township, March 28 
1879, and Mr. Byers was the second time married, 
in that township. The date of this marriage was 
Dec. 21, 1882, at which time Miss Hannah Stevenson 
became his wife. They lived together as man and 
wife but three short months, when, March 4, 1883, 
she passed to the land of the hereafter. Mr. Byers 
has held the offices of Road Commissioner and 
School Director in his township, and his political 
views coincide with the principles ao>ocate4 by thq 



r 



~1 



WARREN COUNTY. 



Republican party. He has attained no little prom- 
inence as a man of energy and honor in the com- 
munity, and his accompanying portrait gives addi- 
tional interest to this volume. 




ichard Henry Shultz, deceased, was born 
at Maysville, Mason Co., Ky., June 7, 
1829, and died at Monmouth, May 21, 
1883. His parents were Christian and Char- 
lotte (Lee) Shultz. The former was a native 
of Pennsylvania and of German descent, 
while the latter was a. native of Kentucky and of 
English extraction. The Shultz family was of the 
sturdy old Pennsylvania Dutch stock, which was 
noted for habits of economy and industry, combined 
with a strict regard for the rights of others, and 
formed the elements of a superior citizenship, while 
the Lees combined with all these elements the blue 
blood of the patrician, which infused itself with no 
stock but to better it, assimilating with none to the 
exclusion of its inherent potency, and displaying 
itself ever and anon in the very highest order of 
manhood. Men, eminent in State craft and in war; 
distinguished in belles-lettres and in song; men who 
have adorned the Bench and the Bar; men whose 
eloquence have swayed the assemblage from the 
pulpit, the rostrum and forum, aye, these are the 
men whose names will ever be found in the biog- 
raphy of the Lees. The mother of Richard H. 
Sluiltz was a cousin of Gen. Robert E. Lee and Gen. 
" Stonewall " Jackson. Thus in our own great Re- 
public alone can the combinations of these elements 
be found possible; and when in the fullness of time 
the best people of all the races of the earth shall 
have brought each his own peculiar superiority, 
whatever that virtue may consist in, and the whole 
shall have intermingled to form one race the 
American then, indeed, will the human family have 
attained that high eminence to which it is by the 
Creator destined. The partial effect of this com- 
bination of race may be noticed daily by the student 
of human nature. Short biographical sketches of 
men who have been identified with the growth, 
progress and welfare of a single county, often dis- 



closes the important fact, though insignificant as it 
may appear, that the great design of nature was in 
these good men being partially carried out. 

Read the biographical sketches in the Warren 
County ALBUM, note there the history of the lives 
of the best people that live and have lived within its 
province, and by tracing their ancestry the true 
secret of the route to greatness, can be seen, though 
not in wealth. Wealth is not greatness; in fact it 
is seldom an integral part of it. So with Mr. Shultz: 
his greatness consisted in a superior citizenship, and 
its essential qualities are largely traceable to his an- 
cestry. 

Mr. Shultz was educated in Kentucky, and em- 
barked in business while yet a young man. June 7, 
1853, he was married, at Maysville, to Miss Lizzie 
Mcllvain, daughter of William Mcllvain, who was 
30 years a banker in that city. Soon after his mar- 
riage, Mr. Shultz removed to Cincinnati, where he 
was for about three years engaged in a commission 
business. From there he emigrated to Missouri, 
where he was engaged in farming up to the time of 
his coming to Warren County, in 1861. Here he 
purchased a farm in Lenox Township and occupied 
it two or three years, when he removed to Mon- 
mouth. Here he purchased an interest in the drug 
firm of Brewer & McGrew, and later on bought the 
interest of Mr. McGrew and changed the firm to 
Brewer & Shultz, which continued for a few years. 
He then purchased Mr. Brewer's interest and es- 
tablished his two sons in the store, under the firm 
name of W. M. Shultz & Co.. Subsequently one of 
the sons, C. Shultz, became the owner. He was one 
of the projectors of the Monmouth Opera House, 
pressed the enterprise to completion and subse- 
quentlj became its sole owner. It is a magnificent 
structure, and a fitting monument to his public- 
spiritedness and enterprise while a citizen of the 
county. In all his undertakings he was successful 
and died the possessor of a handsome competency. 

Of Mr. and Mrs. Shultz 's four children, William 
M. is a r/romising young physician at Buena Vista, 
Col.; Crit is the sole successor to the drug business 
of W. M. Shultz & Co., and manager and one-fourth 
owner of the Opera House ; Lottie and Lewis are 
the names of the younger members of the household. 

Mr. Shultz was an ardent Democrat and a mem- 
ber of the Masonic Order, and, though identified 
with no particular Church^ was a liberal giver to all. 



i 



WARREN COUNTY. 



The day succeeding his death, a local paper con- 
tained the following handsome tribute to his memory : 
" Mr. Shultz was an open, generous, enterpris- 
ing and public-spirited man, always ready with his 
purse and influence to further ^very enterprise for 
the growth and advancement of Monmouth. As a 
neighbor and friend he was possessed of that gen- 
uine Kentucky hospitality and frankness that made 
his home one of the most pleasant and attractive in 
the city, and none were more earnest in entertaining 
friends and company than he. To those with whom 
he was intimate, he was a fast and abiding friend, 
tried and true, and with them was most deservedly 
popular. The death of no citizen could be more 
universally regretted." 




', ames Kelsay, formerly a resident of Swan 
Township, was born in Kentucky in 1805. 
He came to Illinois when he was a young 
man and located in the southern portion 
of Sangamon County which, by a later divi- 
sion, was set off to Christian County. He oc- 
cupied his time in farming, and, in 1834, was married 
to Elizabeth Vandervere, who was born in Indi- 
ana in 1 8 [5. They continued to reside in the 
county in which they were married until the fall of 
the year succeeding In that season they removed to 
Warren County. They passed the first year in Hoyd 
Township and then fixed their residence in Swan 
Township. They bought land there and the hus- 
band erected a log house. He lost no time in mak- 
ing the improvements customary in a prairie country 
and the work was far advanced at the time of his 
death. That event occurred in August, 1844. His 
widow was his survivor 28 years, her demise occur- 
ring Aug. 28, 1872. Their children numbered six 
and there are five still living. Mary J. is the wife of 
Israel Jared and they are living in Point Pleasant 
Township. Margaret A. is married to James Jared 
and they live in Swan Township. John A. is a citi- 
zen of the township. William resides in the State of 
Missouri. Samuel B. lives in the township where his 
father and mother resided. 

Mrs. Kelsay was married in 1847 to John Blue. 



They had three children. Cynthia is married to 
Benjamin Kidder and they also reside in Swan 
Township. Absalom V. is a citizen of Shenandoah, 
Iowa. Bailey R. lives in Nebraska. The parents 
were both members of the Baptist Church. 




illiam Spencer Almond, now deceased, 
was formerly a resident in the township of 
Point Pleasant. He was born Oct. n, 
i8n,in Louisa Co., Va. His parents re- 
moved in his youth to Kentucky and were 
pioneers of Warren County, that State. Wyatt 
Almond, his father, was a man of superior abilities 
and education and was a soldier in the service of 
the United States in the War of 1812. He followed 
the profession of teacher in Kentucky and was a 
resident of that State after his removal there until 
the time of his death. The name of the lady who 
became his wife was Susannah Ware -previous to her 
marriage to him. After his death she came to Illi- 
nois and married Thomas Gunter, and finally died 
in Swan Township, this county. Five of her chil- 
dren are her survivors. A daughter, Mrs. Elizabeth 
Watkins, resides in Shenandoah, Iowa. Thomas 
lives in Point Pleasant Township. William S. was 
the next in order of birth. Mrs. Emma Wade lives 
in this county. Mrs. Susan Collier resides in Ar- 
kansas. Z;icliariah D. is a citizen of Union Mills, 
Mahaska Co., Iowa. 

Mr. Almond, of this sketch, was brought up in the 
county in which he was born. He was married in 
Kentucky, to Miss Nancy Sprudling, who was a na- 
tive of that State, and died there in 1852. She left 
six children : William Allen lives in Union Mills, 
Iowa. Martha J. is the wife of Joseph Johnson, of 
Point Pleasant Township. Thomas J. is a farmer in 
the same. James W. was a soldier in the 83d 111. 
Vol. Inf., and was killed at Fort Donelson. After 
the death of his first wife, Mr. Almond was married 
to Sarah A. Hawkins. Mrs. Hawkins was born in 
Warren Co., Ky., March 3, 1818. She was the 
daughter of Samuel and Elizabeth (Meyers) Haw- 
kins. Mr. H. was an Englishman by birth and his 
wife was a native of Virginia. They both died in 
Edmonson Co., Ky. The marriage of Mr. and Mrs. 




WARREN COUNTY. 



: 



Almond took place about the year 1854. She, by a 
former marriage, to Mitchell Spradliag, had four chil- 
dren : Mary F.,wife of George Evving, a resident of 
Mills Co., Iowa. James K. lives in Kansas. Re- 
becca, wife of L. W. Simmons, and lives in Califor- 
nia. Angeline, wife of Weldon Worrell, and a 
resident of Mills Co., Iowa. 

The family removed to Illinois in 1852. They 
traveled with ox-teams and brought with them all 
their household belongings, and they lived in the 
gipsey fashion while on the road. Mr. Almond made 
a location in the township of Swan, whete he bought 
50 acres of land on section 34, on which he lived 
four years. At the end of that time he sold 'the prop- 
erty there and removed to Point Pleasant Township, 
where he bought 160 acres of wild land, on section 
34. This was the homestead until the death of the 
father, which occurred May 12, 1884. 'All the prop- 
erty was under improvement, and the proprietor had 
increased his acreage until he was the owner of 320 
acres in that township and another considerable tract 
in Iowa. Mr. Almond had built farm structures of a 
character suited to the farm. He was a quiet man 
"and good neighbor, a member of the Methodist 
Church, and in political sentiment a Democrat. 

Of the second marriage which lias been mentioned 
there were three children, of whom two are living. 
They are named Andrew S. and Jesse E. The lat- 
ter was born April 30, 1859. He received his edu- 
cation in the public schools, and was married to 
Lydia J. Larkins, June r3, 1880. Mrs. Almond was 
born in Warren County, Jan. 22, 1860, and is the 
daughter of Samuel and Mary (Smith) Larkins. 
Wernie C. is the only surviving child of Mr. and 
Mrs. Almond. Their first child was named Ora 
Dell, and she died whin less than nine months old. 
Mr. Isaac N. Almond, the youngest son Joy the 
former marriage, was in his second year when his 
mother died, and he was brought to Illinois by his 
father. He was trained and educated in the manner 
common to the sons of farmers, and the first import- 
ant event of his life was his marriage to Mary E. 
Waters, which took place April 23, 1876. She was 
born in Ohio, Aug. 5, 1855. Her death occurred 
March 16, 1881. In September, 1882, Mr. Almond 
was again married to Etta C. Prather. She is a 
native of Abingdon, Knox Co., 111. Two children 
were born of. the first marriage. Their names are 



Elvin Walter and Eva J. George C. is the name of 
the only child of the second marriage. 




f arnes Smith, an agriculturist prosecuting 
his vocation on section 16, Berwick Town- 
ship, was born in Greene Co., Ohio, near 
Xenia, Sept. 15, 1841, and is a son of James 
Smith, who was born in Pennsylvania and died 
about 1850, in Ohio, and whose father, Joseph 
Smith, died at Jeffersonville, Ind., about 1841, the 
year in which the subject of this sketch first saw the 
light of day. 

James Smith, at the date of his father's death, was 
but nine years of age, and accompanied his grand- 
father on his mother's side, by the name of Broad- 
stone, to this State. His grandfather came from 
Wales to this country, and to this State in 1850, and . 
located in Crawford County and there died. Some 
three years later, in the spring of 1856, James, the 
subject, came here and located near Monmouth. 

He enlisted in the war for the Union, joining Co. ' 
C, 83d Regt. 111. Vol. Inf., under Capt. L. B. Cutler, 
of Monmouth, and was mustered into the service in 
that city. His regiment was ordered to Fort Henry, 
Ky., where it remained for some 25 days, and was 
then ordered to Fort Donelson, some 12 miles dis- 
tant. He participated in the fight of Fort Donelson, 
Feb. 3, 1863, and after that battle he was stationed 
at the fort until June, 1865, when he was mustered 
out at Nashville, Tenn., receiving his final discharge 
and pay at Chicago, July 5, 1865, whereupon he 
immediately started upon the train for his home in 
Monmouth Township, Warren County. 

Mr. Smith, of this notice, was united in marriage 
with Abbie S. Pike, March 25, 1879. She was born 
June 5, 1850, in Stoughton, Mass. Her father 
Augustus H. Pike, was a native of Maine, and died 
while in the Union army, in i86r, some six months 
after he had enlisted. He married Miss Mary T. 
Southworth, of the literary family of Southworths, 
who was born in Boston, Mass., in 1823, and died in 
Dubuque, Iowa, in 1855. Mrs. Smith was a resident 
of Galesburg, Knox Co., 111., at the time of her mar- 
riage, where her western relatives live. To Mr. 
and Mrs. Pike three children were born, Abbie S., 



" EVERGREEN LAWM!' RESIDENCE OF SCHUYLER PALMER, SEC. 15 SPRING SROYE . 



VIEW OF BUILDINGS FRONT NORTH . 



A " 




MAPLE GROVE, RESIDENCE OF JOHN H.FRANTz,SEc.22,SpRiHB GROVE. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



259 



Jan. 5, 1850; Mary A., Feb. 10, 1852; and Ozro, 
who died when two years of age. Mr. and Mrs. 
Smith of this notice are the parents of three chil- 
dren, Wallace R., born Dec. 31, 1880; Winihrop 
G., Dec. 29, 1882; and Glen D., March 12, 1885. 
Mr. Smith moved on the place where he now resides 
in March, 1884. This place he had purchased the 
year previous. He is there actively engaged in the 
vocation of an agriculturist, meeting with success. 
In 'politics, he is a believer in and a supporter of the 
principles advocated by the Republican party. 




|:Chuyler Palmer, a resident on section 15 
of Spring Grove Township, is a pioneer of 
Warren County of 1845. He is one of 
the leading farmers of the township and has 
reached prominence through the extensive 
business relations he has established in the 
county. He was born Nov. 24, 1831, in the province 
of Ontario, Canada, and is the son of Wilkinson and 
Nancy (Hurd) Palmer. His parents were born in 
the same portion of the country as himself. The 
father was born of parents of New York origin and 
those of the mother were originally from the State 
of Vermont. The ancestors of the latter were orig- 
inally from Connecticut and later from New Jersey, 
and later still from New York. The father of Mr. 
Palmer removed with his wife and children to White- 
side Co., 111., in 1842. Here they made their home 
in the vicinity of Prophetstown until the year named 
as that in which their removal to Warren County was 
effected. On coming to this county they located 
in Hale Township, where the father rented land un- 
til 1851, when a tract of 80 acres of land was pur- 
chased. It was wholly unbroken and the first 
move made was to build a house for the accommo- 
dation of the family. It was made of logs and was 
occupied for the purpose for which it was constructed 
three or four years. The family then took posses- 
sion of a new frame house which the father built on 
the homestead. Prosperity attended him in his busi- 
ness relations, and he was soon enabled to make 
other purchases until he became the owner of 200 
acres of land, a portion of which was located in 
Henderson County. His death occurred in July, 



1878, and that of his wife some years previous. 
Eight of their n children are now living. Sarah is 
the wife of Jeremiah Young. They are residents of 
Ida Co., Iowa. Ira A. lives in Ringgold Co., Iowa 
Minard resides in the same State, in the county of 
Harrison. George W. is a farmer in Hale Town- 
ship. Manada A. is married to B. C. Darrah, of 
Henderson Co., Iowa. Eliza lives in Pottawatomie 
County, in that State. William is a resident of Otoe 
Co., Neb. 

Until he became himself the head of a family by 
marriage, Mr. Palmer was a member of the house- 
hold of his father and mother. His marriage to 
Lucy A. Mills took place Dec. 25, 1856. She was 
born in Henderson County and is the daughter of 
William H. and Lucretia (Morris) Mills, who were 
early settlers in the county where their daughter was 
born. William H. Mills, the father of Mrs. Palmer, 
was a native of New Jersey, but when five years of 
age his parents removed to Dearborn Co., Ind., lo- 
cating near Lawrenceburg, where he became a farmer, ' 
William H. there grew to manhood, and, in 1836, 
married Lucretia Morris. Three years later he moved 
to Henderson Co., 111., and settled upon a farm in ~ 
Greenville Township, where they now reside. Here I 
Mrs. Palmer was reared, and received her education 
in the neighboring district school. She was born in a ^ 
log cabin two miles west of where her parents now 
reside. Her mother was a native of Eastern Penn- 
sylvania, and is of Scotch parentage. Her mother's 
parents were Amos and Johanna Morris. William 
H. Mills' parents, the paternal grandparents of Mrs. 
Palmer, were Cyrus and Nancy Mills. 

About the time of his marriage Mr. Palmer bought 
the northeast quarter of section i of Spring Grove 
Township, which is now the site of that part of 
Alexis that is in Warren County. It had never 
been cultivated in any sense, being still in its orig- 
inal condition of wild prairie land. He built a 
house on the north line of the county and made the 
first improvement on the place in the spring of 1856. 
This was previous to his marriage. He bought the 
farm in the fall preceding. He made the usual im- 
provements, and that place was his home and field 
of operation until his removal to the farm on which 
he has lived since the spring of 1867. At that lime 
he sold the place of which he was the first owner 
and has since occupied the property on sections 10 
and 15. There was already a good house on the 



- 



JL 

I 



260 



WARREN COUNTY. 



1 



- 



southwest of the section first named and this was 
the family abode until the fall of the same year 
in which they took possession of it, when it was 
destroyed by fire. They moved to another house 
which had been erected on the farm, which they 
occupied until 1871, when Mr. Palmer built the 
frame house in which they now live and which is 
situated on section 15. He has also increased the 
value and appearance of his estate by building other 
suitable and excellent farm structures, which are 
without doubt the most substantial in Spring Grove 
Township, and among the finest in Warren County. 
We are pleased to be able to present a view of these 
on page 258. He is the owner of 400 acres of land, 
and, in addition to the common business of farming, 
is engaged in raising Durham cattle of extra grade. 

Mr. and Mrs. Palmer have 1 1 children. Mary E. 
is the oldest. Alice J. is the wife of Charles Gal- 
laugher, who is a resident of Ringgold Co., Iowa. 
Lillian married Fred L. Gilmore, who lives on sec- 
tion 9, Spring Grove Township. A sketch of the 
parents of Mr. Gilmore may be found on another 
page of this work. Effie A. is married to Robert 
Armstrong, of Spring Grove Township. The younger 
and unmarried children are named Henry W., Myron 
G., Mattie, Lura, Eva, Kate and George W. 

Mr. Palmer is a Democrat in his political views, 
and has held the office of Road Commissioner for 17 
years. Mrs. Palmer became a member of the Bap- 
tist Church at the age of 13 years, and in 1869 Mr. 
Palmer also became a member of the same Church. 
Three of their eldest daughters are connected with 
the Baptist Church, while the next three younger 
are members of the Church of God. 



! ohn Wingate, a well-known and highly re- 
spected farmer of Greenbush Township, who 
is actively engaged in the cultivation of his 
excellent farm, was born Feb. i, 1815, in 
Maine, and is the son of Edmund Wingate, a 
native of that State. His father was united in 
marriage with Rebecca Whitney, also a native of 
Maine, and they had four children, Hannah, 
Daniel, John and Lydia. John Wingate, subject of 
this biographical notice, came to this State in the 
fall of 1838. He was married to Miss Annis Dibble, 




March 5, 1844. She was born in Chenango Co., N. 
Y., March i, 1820. Her father, John Dibble, was a 
soldier in the war of 1812. In 1819 he married 
Martha Brown, who was born in New York in 1801. 
Of her parents' union five children, Annis, Eliza- 
beth, Erastus P., Laura A. and Thomas, were born. 
Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Wingate of this notice, 
five children have been born, namely: John J. 
(deceased), Ann Eliza (deceased), Arthur L.* Ella 
and Eva. 

Mr. Wingate, with his wife and children, are pleas- 
antly situated on their fine farm of 250 acres, all of 
which is under an advanced state of cultivation. He 
has held the office-, of Justice of the Peace, Town- 
ship Cerk, Assessor and Treasurer of the School 
Board for 39 years. In politics he votes with the 
Democratic party. What he has of this world's 
goods, he lias accumulated with his own strong 
hands and the active co-operation of his good help- 
meet, and is passing the sunset of his life in peace 
and quiet at his pleasant home on section 20. 







illiam T. Boyd, a farmer on section 1 1, in 
the township of Point Pleasant, is a na- 
, live of the State of Indiana. He was born 
9 in Jefferson Township in Greene County, 
Oct. 7, 1845. Thomas H. Boyd, his father^ 
was born in Kentucky. The place of the birth 
of the latter was Bath County and the occurrence 
was dated June 4, 1812. He was the eldest son of 
Drury B. and Elizabeth (Hurd) Boyd, of whom a 
sketch is presented elsewhere in this work. His pa- 
rents removed to Greene Co., Ind., when he was 13, 
and there be passed the years that intervened be- 
tween that period and his removal to Warren Co., 111. 
His father was a carpenter by trade and he worked 
with him both at that business and as an assistant 
in the clearing of the farm. April 3, 1838, he was 
married to Margaret Jones. She was born in New 
Berry District, in the State of South Carolina, Jan. 
17, 1818, and was the daughter of Benson and Pris- 
cilla (O'Neil) Jones. The families of her parents 
were both of the same State in which the daughter 
was born. In 1819 they removed to Indiana and 
were early settlers in Greene County. Their home 



WARREN COUNTY. 



261 



was there until 1847, when they made another trans- 
fer of their interests to Illinois. They came to War- 
ren County to seek a place for a permanent home 
and at the time their family included three children. 
They came from their abode in the Hoosier State 
with oxen and horse teams and three wagons. They 
were in fair circumstances and they' brought with 
them their household belongings. After a journey of 
three weeks duration they halted in Henderson 
County, where they remained three months. At the 
expiration of that time they removed to Ellison, 
where they rented land and resided until the 
year which has been mentioned as that in which 
they removed to the township in which their son re- 
sides. The senior Boyd bought a tract of unim- 
proved prairie land on what was then " town 8,'' and 
now bears its present " Pleasant " name. The father 
erected a small frame house in which the family 
could find shelter until he should be able to build 
such a structure as their necessities demanded. He 

' at once proceeded to the work of improving the place 
and put it in excellent condition. He added to and 
rebuilt the house and erected a frame barn. The 

~ place was well supplied with trees of the varie- 

; ties common to the locality and was all enclosed. 

I Mr. Boyd lived to see his township fully developed. 

His demise occurred on his farm, March i, 1877. 
His widow is still his survivor and is the occupant of 
the homestead. Drury B., John J., William T. and 
Gary are the names of their sons. Priscilla, the 
only daughter, is the wife of Andrew Woodward and 
they are residing on the homestead with their mother. 
When his parents came to Illinois, Mr. Boyd, of 
this sketch, was an infant of 18 months. Conse- 
quently, he is to all purposes a native citizen of the 
township of which he is now a resident and in which 
he has been a continuous inhabitant ever since. He 
was trained in the profession of a farmer and was a 
pupil in the common schools during the early years 
in which he was busy in obtaining his education. 
Later, he was a student at Cherry Grove Seminary at 
Abingdon, where he attended three terms. At the 
age of 19 he engaged in teaching and filled his first 
term of school in District No. 6, in the same town- 
ship where he was brought up. He also taught one 
term in addition and that was the extent of his oper- 
ations as a pedagogue. He has passed the remainder i 
of his life of activity in the pursuit of a farmer. 
Oct. i, 1868, he was joined in marriage to Susan 



F. Dean. She was born in Lewistown, Fulton Co., 
111., Sept. i, 1849, and is the daughter of Michael 
and Susan (Cummings) Dean. Her father was born 
in Kentucky and her mother was a native of Scot- 
land. They were pioneers of Fulton County and are 
now living in Warren County. 

Mr. Boyd located on the farm on which he is now 
residing at the time of his marriage. It is situated 
on the northeast quarter of the section which has 
been mentioned. One child Jennie May, has been 
born to the household. Mrs. Boyd is a member of 
the Presbyterian Church. Politically, he is a Demo- 
crat. He was Supervisor for three terms. 



fr- 




^ 



. ehu Bailey came to Illinois in 1855. In 
the same year he located in Warren Coun- 
ty, and has therefore lived within the same 
municipality 30 years. He was born in York 
Co., Pa., Feb. 14, 1823. Charles Bailey, his 
father, was also a native citizen of the Key- 
stone State. The family name of the mother of Mr. 
Bailey was Davis. He was deprived of her care 
when he was about four years of age and from that 
time was the charge of an older sister. She was the 
manager of the domestic affairs of the household un- 
til she was married, which event transpired about 
four years after the removal of their mother by death 
He lived with his sister until he was 14, when he 
undertook the solution of the problem of self-main- 
tenance. He learned the trades of cooper and 
plasterer, which he followed winters and summers 
alternately in Cumberland Co., Pa., for some years. 
He was there married to Frances Swiler, Dec. 25, 
1846. She was born in the same county Feb. 22, 
1827. They lived there until 1850, when they re- 
moved to Ohio and were residents in Hancock 
County until the year in which they came to Illinois. 
While there, Mr. Bailey was engaged in the business 
of plasterer and he also operated as a farmer. In 
the fall of 1855 he set out with his family for an 
overland trip to the West, journeying in the common 
manner. They passed 2 1 days on the road between 
Ohio and Warren County. Soon after his arrival, 
Mr. Bailey bought 160 acres of land on section n 
in the same township in which he is now a property 






>6z 



WARREN COUNTY. 



holder. It had been previously occupied, and there 
was a log house for the accommodation of the family 
and 20 acres of the land had been broken. Mr. 
Bailey continued the purchase of land until he was 
at one time the owner of more than 400 acres. The 
buildings and stock on the place are of excellent 
type. 

In political faith Mr. Bailey is a Republican. In 
former days he was a Whig, and passed through the 
phases of the changes between that party and the 
one to which he at present belongs. He has been 
Assessor and Collector of Spring Grove Township. 
He and his wife are members of the Church of God. 
and he is an Elder in the local organization. 

The record of the children of the family is as fol- 
lows: Ira, the oldest son, is a farmer in Nemaha 
Co., Kan. Agnes is the wife of William Postlewait, 
of Spring Grove Township. Jacob and Lincoln re- 
side in the same township and are married. Harry 
lives at home with his parents. 

j. - <:> - _ 




j ruman Eldridg, one of the pioneer settlers 
of Warren County, and a gentleman possess- 
ing more than ordinary ability as a busi- 
ness man, with a large amount of practical 
knowledge obtained by actual experience, 
who at present resides at Roseville, is a native 
of Massachusetts, having been born in Hancock, 
Berkshire Co., that State, April 24, 1808. The pa- 
rents of Mr. Eldridg, Thomas and Rachel (Hall) 
Eldridg, were natives of Massachusetts. Thomas 
Eldridg, Sr., together with his wife, the grandparents, 
moved from Rhode Island to Massachusetts at an 
early day. They made their way thither on horse- 
back by means of blazed trees which were marked to 
indicate the road. Thomas, Sr., followed the voca- 
tion of a farmer, and, with his wife, continued to re- 
side there until their death. Thomas Eldridg, Jr., 
the son of Thomas, Sr., and wife, lived in Berkshire 
Co., Mass., until about 1845, when they moved and 
located in Rensselaer County, he following the oc- 
cupation of a farmer in that county until his death. 
His wife also died in that county. They were the 
parents of nine children, six sons and three daugh- 
ters, all of whom grew t<? attain the age of manhood 



and womanhood. Their names were Heman, James 
H., Thomas B., Truman, Norman A., Nathaniel A., 
Thyerressa G., Elvira S. and Mary. Three of them, 
Truman, Norman and Nathaniel are yet living. 

The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 
this biographical notice was the fourth in order of 
birth of his father's family. He remained at home 
until 21 years old, alternating his labors on the 
farm with attendance at the common schools. After 
leaving the parental roof-tree he worked out, laying 
stone walls and taking such jobs as he could pro- 
cure to obtain a livelihood. At 20 years of age, be- 
fore leaving the old homstead, he commenced teach- 
ing school during winters, and was occupied in that 
vocation for five seasons. He then engaged in part- 
nership with a gentleman in a country store, his 
partner being Erastus Brown, at North Stephentown, 
Rensselaer Co., N. Y., which partnership existed 
for three years, when Mr. Eldridg sold his interest 
and, in 1836, came to this State and county. On ar- 
rival here he '' took up " 240 acres of land near Hat 
Grove, on which he remained for about three months. 
He then returned to South Williamstown, Berkshire 
Co., Mass., and engaged in the mercantile business, 
which he followed for about two years, until the first 
of September, 1838. He then returned to this county 
determined to make it his permanent abiding place, 
and during the winter of 1838 stopped at Swan 
Creek. He went into the woods, cut down his tim- 
ber and hewed and framed the same, preparatory to 
the erection of a residence. He then hauled it four 
miles to his prairie farm and the 2d day of April, 
1839, raised the then palace residence of Warren 
County. It was 24x24 feet in dimensions and one 
and a half stories in height, and was at that time con- 
sidered a most magnificent residence for the then 
undeveloped portion of Warren County. Mr. Eld- 
ridg at once engaged actively and energetically upon 
the task of improving his farm, determined to make 
it his permanent abiding place for all time to come, 
and improve and beautify it until it became one of 
the most pleasant homes, as it has, in this part of 
the county. When Mr. Eldridg came here in 1839 
the country was new and undeveloped, at one point 
of the compass his nearest neighbor being three 
miles and the other 12 miles. He nevertheless had 
great faith in the future development of the country 
and resolved to " stick it out," which he did, and by 
so doing succeeded in accumulating a competency, 






WARREN COUNTY. 



,67 



In this, the sunset of his life, while his hair is 
streaked with silver threads of years past and gone, 
he looks back to those pioneer days with no small 
degree of pleasure. 

The marriage of Mr. Eldridg to Miss Alma Jones, 
occurred Jan. 12, 1839. She was a native of Rens- 
selaer Co., N. Y., having been born in that State, 
April 2, 1808, the same year as her husband ; and be 
it said to her credit that during the trials of the past 
and the privations incident to the early settlement of 
a new country, she bore her part with that womanly 
fortitude of which she is characteristic. Of their 
union one child was born, Irene E., who became 
the wife of Edwin R. Smith, of Monmouth. He died 
in 1867, leaving one daughter, Edna B. Mr. and 
Mrs. Eldridg adopted Flora A. Jones, who became 
the wife of Dr. H. E. Aylsworth, and by him she 
had three children, Murray, Mabel and Iran. Dr. 
Aylsworth died in 1865. 

Mr. and Mrs. Eldridg are members of the Baptist 
Church, as are likewise both of their daughters. Mr. 
Eldridg was the the first Postmaster in the village 
of Roseville, which was originally called Hat Grove. 
In politics he is a believer in and a supporter of the 
principles of the Republican party, and has held 
offices within the gift of the citizens of his township. 
He has been the owner since he came to this county 
of three quarter-sections of land, a portion of which 
he has sold, and a portion has been incorporated 
within the limits of the village of Roseville. 




i illiam P. Sykes, deceased, formerly a 
farmer and stock-raiser residing on section 
9, Monmouth Township, was born in the 
city of Philadelphia, Pa., Oct. n, 1805. 
Mr. Sykes was the son of Henry Sykes, a 
\^ native of England, who emigrated to the United 
States in company with two brothers some years 
previous to his marriage. He was accidentally killed 
by falling from the top of a house in Philadelphia, 
which accident occurred when William P. was but a 
small child. The mother of the subject of this notice 
died in Philadelphia, Aug. 29, 1835. 
The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 



this biographical notice, was the youngest in order of 
birth of his parents' five children. After the death of 
his father, which, as stated, occurred when he was 
quite young, William P. lived with his mother, attend- 
ing the common schools and assisting in her mainten- 
ance, until his marriage. In his early years he had 
learned the trade of a cabinet-maker, at which he 
worked, obtaining remuneration sufficient to enable 
him to procure the necessities of life and support his 
mother, and amass a property worth $3,000. At his 
death he had property valued at $40,0.00 

He was married in Lancaster Co., Pa., to Jane 
Ramble, daughter of a respected and wealthy miller 
of Lancaster County. Some 15 months after his 
marriage and after one child had been born to them, 
Mrs. Sykes died, the date thereof being 1828, her 
child having preceded her to the land of the here- 
after. 

Mr. Sykes had learned his trade with a Mr. Eagle 
in Lancaster Co., Pa., and about 1825 engaged in 
the business of undertaker, which he followed for 
some years, meeting with success. Eight years after 
the death of his first wife, Mr. Sykes was again mar- 
ried in Salisbury Township, Lancaster Co., Pa., the.< 
date in which he formed a union with Miss Anna C. 
Linville being Dec. 29, 1836. She was a daughter 
of Arthur and Elizabeth (Haines) Linville, who re-, 
sided in Lancaster County the major portion of their 
lives, and where her father was engaged in the voca- 
tion of farming. Her father was appointed Justice of 
the Peace for Lancaster County by Gov. Rittner. 
He died in this county Nov. 29, 1857, aged 65 years; 
his wife dying in Logan Co., Ohio, Sept. |n, 1846, 
aged 50 years. Mrs. Sykes' brother, Jacob H. Lin- 
ville, of Philadelphia, is one of the celebrated civil 
engineers of the present day, having assisted to con- 
struct the St. Louis and Brooklyn bridges. He is 
now President of the Keystone Bridge Company. 

Mrs. Sykes, wife of the subject of this notice, was 
born in Lancaster Co., Pa., Aug. 25, 1819. She re- 
ceived a good education in the common schools, and 
was brought up under the influence of the doctrines 
of the Presbyterian Church, to which denomination 
her parents belong. Mrs. S. was the eldest child 
but one in order of birth of a family of n children. 
About one year after the birth of their first child, 
William A., who was born Oct. 16, 1837, and died in 
Warren County in 1853, at the age of 16 years, they 
came West, settling upon a farni of 160 acres, 



68 



WARREN COUNTY. 



had formerly belonged to General Harding. On this 
place, Mr. Sykes at once went to work with a view 
to making it an abiding place for himself and family 
for all time to come. He added to his landed pos- 
sessions but disposed subsequently of his additional 
purchases and at the time of his death was the owner 
of 160 acres of good farm land. Mrs. Sykes, since 
the death of her husband, has increased her acreage 
in the county by purchasing 87 acres on section 17, 
the same township, which is also under a high state 
of cultivation, and she is also the owner of 240 acres 
of well improved land in Nebraska. The homestead 
farm on which she resides is under an advanced 
state of cultivation and has a good residence, to- 
gether with substantial outbuildings upon it. 

Mr. S., while living, was honored with all the minor 
offices within the gift of the people of his township, 
and politically, was a supporter of the principles ad- 
vocated by the Republican party. He was a well- 
respected and honored citizen of Warren County, 
'and like his wife, who then as she is still, was an 
active member in support of the Presbyterian 
Church. His death occurred Dec. 13, 1875. A 
>second child was born of their union Charles L., 
the date of his birth being Jan. 17, 1855. His 
demise occurred Dec. 16, 1871. 

Portraits of Mr. and Mrs. Sykes and a view of 
their homestead are shown on other pages of this 
work. 




of Bengtson, deceased, of the township of 
Spring Grove, was a native of Sweden, and 
was born in Christianstadt, Dec. 5, 1823. 
He was reared a farmer and was well educated 
"|(j in the common schools of the province where 
lie was born. The town was several miles 
distant from the farm on which he was born and 
brought up, and when he was 17 he succeeded to 
the entire charge of the homestead estate. Soon 
after entering upon the duties of the position, he 
opened a store and supplied the adjoining commun- 
ity with groceries. He continued this line of traffic 
as long as he remained in the land of his birth. 

In 1853 he left his native land to come to the 
American Continent. He sailed thence and after a 



voyage of seven weeks he landed at the port of New 
York. He made no tarry there but came directly to 
Illinois. He made a stay of a few months in Knox 
County and came thence to Monmouth. He con- 
tinued in that place until 1856, when he bought i 60 
acres of land on section 1 1 in Spring Grove Town- 
ship. It was in a wholly unimproved condition, and 
he at on e built a shanty for a shelter and proceeded 
to the work of putting the land in a satisfactory con- 
dition. He was at the time a single man, and as 
long as he remained such he discharged the duties 
of his domestic establishment after a pattern of his 
own. He was married May 3, 1857, to Anna Rem, 
daughter of Nils and Caroline Rem. She is a native 
of the eastern part of Sweden, where she was born 
in 183.7. She came to this country in 1855. Im- 
mediately after their union in marriage they com- 
menced their house-keeping in the board house 
which had been the home of the husband during the 
days of his bachelorhood, and which they occupied 
eight years. Meanwhile Mr. Bengtson had bought 
the northwest quarter of section 14 in the same 
township, and at the expiration of the time named 
he moved his family there. He improved all the 
land he had at first purchased and fenced it. He 
erected a good frame house on the land he bought 
secondarily, and that was his home until his death, 
which transpired July 18, 1885. He was one of the 
most successful farmers in the township and accu- 
mulated territory until he was the owner of 515 acres 
of land, which was all situated in the same township 
where he at first became a land-holder. He was 
from first to last engaged in mixed farming. Polit- 
ically, he was a radical Republican, ai.d after be- 
coming a citizen of this State he was fearless in the 
advocacy of his principles and always acted con- 
sistently with his convictions. 

To him and his' surviving wife six children were 
born, four of whom lived to realize the condition of 
the fatherless. Minnie is married to Nels A. Hol- 
mer. Her husband is a native of Christianstadt, 
Sweden, and was born March 13, 1862. He con- 
tinued to reside in his native country until he had 
reached manhood, and in 1880 he came to America, 
He set out from home Marcli 10, and celebrated his 
birthday on the North Sea. After landing at New 
York he came immediately to Warren County. He 
was married Aug. 22, 1884. Their children are 
Anna and Alma. They reside with the widowed 







WARREN COUNTY. 



269 



: 



mother on the Bengtson homestead. Edward, Carrie 
and Harry are the names of the remaining children 
who are the brothers and sisters of Mrs. Holmer. 




: srael Jared, of Point Pleasant Township, is 
one of the leading agriculturists of Warren 
County. He is the owner of a consider- 
able tract of land in the township in which he 
is a resident, and also of a considerable acre- 
age in Swan Township. His residence is on 
section 23. 

Mr. Jared was born in Bedford Co., Va., Aug. 5, 
1829. His father, John Jared, was born in the same 
county, in 1795. The latter grew to the age and 
ambitions of manhood in the county where he was 
born, and where he was married, to Elizabeth Bandy. 
She was born in the same county, in 1800, and was 
therefore but 14 when she became a wife in 1814. 
They remained in the "old Dominion" until 1830, 
when they emigrated to Kentucky. They resided in 
Breckenridge County, in that State, until 1835, when 
they came to Morgan Co., 111. They passed a year 
there and at the end of a twelvemonth they came to 
Warren County, landing May 6, 1836. They settled 
on a tract of land in Swan Township, which was 
designated " patent " land. It was situated on sec- 
tion 5, and they also purchased a piece of timber on 
section 8. On the former a log house was built, 
which had clapboards for a roof and a puncheon 
floor. The chimney was built outside and was con- 
structed of earth and sticks of wood. The death of 
John Jared occurred in the pioneer home, in May, 
1844. His widow was the occupant of the place 
until her death, April i, 1879. Of their family of 13 
children nine are still living. Ruth is married to 
John Simmons and they are located in Nodaway Co., 
Mo.; Joseph resides in Hamilton, same State; John 
lives in Allen Co., Kan. ; Thomas is located in Rose- 
ville, 111.; Mr. Jared, of this sketch, is next in order 
of birth; Benjamin F., who was Second Lieutenant 
in the late war, lives in Wayne Co., Iowa; James is 
a farmer in Swan Township; Elizabeth married A. 
L. Bair, of Allen Co., Kan.; and Miriam L. is the 
wife of Caleb Bair, of Roseville, 111. The children 



of John Jared who are deceased, were: William, 
who died in 1873, in his 6gth year, leaving four chil- 
dren; George, who died in his i2th year; Polly Ann, 
wife of James C. Emerick, who died in 1868, in her 
4oth year, leaving six children ; and Agnes, wife of 
Thomas Bair, who died Aug. 8, 1871, in her 341!) 
year, leaving four children. 

Mr. Jared was a child in his mother's arms and 
was only six months old when the removal to Ken- 
tucky was made. He was but six years of age when 
the family came to Warren County, and was 15 when 
his father died. He has consequently been a resi- i 
dent of Warren County since 1836. He remained 
in the family of his mother until he went to Califor- 
nia, in 1852. On the i6th of April of that year he 
set out for the land of gold and crossed the plains 
with an ox team, carrying a load of provisions and 
camping on the route. The company comprised ; 
Joseph Jared, D. K. Michael, Win. Rogers, the sub- ! 
ject of this sketch and B. F. Jared. Wm. Rogers died 
on the plains, from cholera, and was buried there.- 
Cholera made its appearance among them and many 
of the company lost their lives. After four months 
of travel the remainder of the party arrived at Placer 
ville, which then rejoiced in the significant name of 
Hangtown. Mr. Jared remained there six years and 
passed the first four years in mining and the next 
two in the business of a farmer. In 1858 he returned 
to the East, via the Isthmus of Panama and thence ; 
to New York and then home. 

He resumed farming as soon as he was fairly at 
home in Warren County, locating >on land he had j 
bought before leaving for California. After a resi- j 
dence on it of about 16 years, he sold out and lo- 
cated on the farm which he has since occupied in 
the township of Point Pleasant. He bought the 
property in 1862, and at that time it consisted of 
wild prairie and timber. The farm is all improved, 
and is well supplied with good buildings. He is the 
owner of 470 acres in the township where he resides 
and of 115 acres in Swan Township, of which he has 
retained the ownership since it became his property. 

His marriage to Mary J. Kelsey took place Dec. 
15, 1859. The sketch of the parents of Mrs. Jared 
is given in full on another page, and the credit of its j 
appearance in this work is due to Mr. Jared, who 
has presented the items relating to the family of his 
wife. The latter was born in Sangamon Co., 111., 
Oct. i, 1835. Their five children are named Leenora 



170 



, Y i 

WARREN COUNTY. 



A., Allen E., George B., Israel K. and Roy L. James 
Albert died in his second year, Leon H. died in 
childhood, and Lilborn E. died in his fourth year. 

The parents are members of the Universalist So- 
ciety at Swan Creek, and Mr. Jared is a Democrat in 
his political sentiments. 




awrence H. Gilmore is a. resident on sec- 
tion 34, Spring Grove Township, and has 
been a citizen of Warren County since 
1833. In that year his parents, Col. Robert 
and Maria (Pilgrim) Gilmore (see sketch of 
Col. Robert Gilmore in biography of J. T. Gil- 
more), removed from Jefferson Co., Ohio, to Warren 
Co., 111. The son was born in the former county 
April n, 1830, and was but three years of age when 
the family of which he was a small member located 
. in the township where he is now a part of the busi- 

(ness element. 
Mr. Gilmcre had only the advantages of the pio- 
neer home and log school-house, and attained to I he 
age of independent manhood in Warren County. He 
was born in a log house, schooled in a log house and 
lived in a log house until he built his present resi- 
dence in 1854. His initial business enterprise on his 
own responsibility was the securing of a pre-emption 
claim in Spring Grove Township in 1851. It is the 
same on which he is now situated, on section 34. He 
had little available means, and he was obliged to 
borrow the balance of the purchase money beyond 
the amount of his small savings. In 1854 he built a 
small frame house on his property and at the same 
time commenced the work of improvement. He was 
until that year a member of the family of his father. 
From the little beginning made by Mr. Gilmore in 
1854 his possessions have swelled until his real es- 
tate comprises more than 1,000 acres of land, all in 
advanced agricultural condition, 840 acres of which 
is in Spring Grove Township and 160 acres in Lenox 
Township. The acreage is divided into several 
farms, which are managed by himself and his sons. 
In 1857 Mr. Gilmore commenced to raise stock and 
since that date has operated in all the avenues of 



mixed farming. He raises grain and stock, the lat- 
ter including horses, hogs and cattle. 

Politically, Mr. Gilmore adheres to the faith of the 
Democratic party. He served his township as Super- 
visor for 1 1 or r 2 years, and it is said of him that he 
made a very excellent officer and did much to pro- 
mote the welfare of his township. 

Nov. 9, 1854, he was joined in marriage to Sarah 
A. Forwood, who was born July 19, 1831, in Harvard 
Co., Md., and is the daughter of William W. For- 
wood. (See sketch of him in the biography of his son, 
Benjamin F., on another page.) The children born 
to Mr. and Mrs. Gilmore, six in number, are named 
Clarence M., Frederick L., Frank E., George F., 
Rosa L. and Sarah B. They all reside at home ex- 
cept Clarence M., and Frederick L., the second son, 
who is married to Lillian, daughter of Schuyler 
Palmer, of Spring Grove Township. Her parents 
were pioneers of this county and are represented by 
a sketch in another part of this volume. He became 
a member of the First Presbyterian Church at Mon- 
mouth in 1856, his wife having been a member 
since 1852. For many years he has been a Trustee 
of the congregation and for the last five years has 
held the responsible position of Elder. He has ever 
been ready to advance the cause of religion and 
morality in his section of the country. Three of his 
children are also members of the Presbyterian 
Church. 




i? 

"jasper M. Dull, farmer, residing upon sec- 
tion 8, Hale Township, is a native of 
Pennsylvania, having been born in Mifflin 
Co., Pa., Sept. 4, 1822. When Mr. Dull was 
five years old and after his father's death, his 
mother moved to Greene Co., Ohio, where 
Casper M. resided until 1851, being engaged in agri- 
cultural pursuits. His years prior to attaining his 
majority were passed on the farm and in attend- 
ance at the common schools. In 185 i Mr. Dull came 
to this county and joined with the farmers of Hale 
Township in their efforts to establish a permanent 
home for themselves and family. He became a 
citizen of that township by the purchase of 160 acres 
of land and by moving his family upon the same. 



to -jit 
' 







WARREN COUNTY. 



He at once engaged actively upon its cultivation 
and improvement, and has there resided until the 
present time, having developed his land until the 
major portion thereof is in an advanced State of 
cultivation. 

June 5, 1861, in Greene Co., Ohio, he was united 
in marriage with Miss Margaret Stevenson, who 
was a native of the same county and State in which 
she was married, having been born there Dec. 25, 
1832. Of their marriage, two children, a son and 
a daughter, have been born, Florence J. and 
Calvin M., who reside at home. In politics, Mr. 
Dull is independent. 

The parents of Casper M. Dull were Benjamin 
and Nancy (Junkin) Dull, natives of the Keystone 
State. They married and settled in that State, 
where his father died, his mother afterwards remov- 
ing to Greene Co., Ohio, from which State she came 
to this county with the subject of this notice, and 
here died, at the age of 74, in February, 1876. She 
was the daughter of Major John and Catharine 
(Kirkpatrick) Stevenson. The Major was a native of 
Virginia and a soldier in the War of 1812. He went 
with his parents to Kentucky, where he grew up and 
was married about 1809 or 1810. They were mar- 
ried in their native State and immediately afterwards 
moved to Ohio, where he was a farmer and resided 
until his death. He had 12 children, of whom Mrs. 
Dull was the youngest. 




in 



Charles Torrance, one of the leading and 
well known farmers of the township of 
Point Pleasant, came to Warren County 
1868, and settled in that township. He is 
the owner of 320 acres of excellent farm land 
and is closely identified with the development 
of the agricultural resources of the county. 

Mr. Torrance was born in the town of Jay, Essex 
Co.. N. Y., Nov. 17, 1834. Riley Torrance, his 
father, was a native of Bennington, Vt., and was 
born May 13, 1801, only 13 years after the admis- 
sion of that State to the Union. John Torrance, the 
father of the latter, removed from Bennington, Vt., 
to Essex Co., N. Y., in 1808, and was one of the 



earliest of the white settlers there. He purchased 
a large tract of timber land, upon which he cleared 
a farm. He was a resident there when the War of 
1812 was declared, and lie enlisted in the service to 
protect what had cost the colonists so much to se- 
cure. He remained on the Essex County farm until 
his death. The name of the lady he married was 
Ruth Hurd. They had nine children, eight of the 
number living to become the heads of families. 

The father of Mr. Torrance of this sketch was but 
seven years of age when his parents removed to the 
northern portion of the Empire State, and he was 
reared there on the farm of his father. He married 
Lydia Foulton, who was born at Plattsburg, Clinton 
Co., N. Y., Feb. 5, 1804, a place where some of the 
stirring scenes of the War of 1812 were enacted. 
Her father had died previous to that war. Her 
mother was the only woman that refused to leave 
the place at the time of the battle of Plattsburg. 
She said she was needed there and would remain 
and render all the assistance in her power. And 
she carried out her resolution. 

At the time of hjs marriage, Mr. Torrance settled 
on a portion of the land which his father had pur- 
chased in the town of Jay and continued its occu- 
pant until r865. In that year he removed to Illinois, 
accompanied by his wife, and they passed the re- 
mainder of their lives in the household of their son 
Charles. They were not long separated in their 
deaths, as that of the mother occurred Oct. 27, 1873, 
and the father died May 28, 1874, following the wife 
of his youth to the grave seven months after she 
had been placed within that retreat of peace and 
rest. They were the parents of 16 children, and of 
that number 13 grew to mature years, nine of whom 
are still living. 

While in his early youth, Mr. Torrance of this 
sketch attended the common schools in the winter 
and operated as the assistant of his father in the 
summer. He remained in Essex County until 1858, 
when he turned toward the setting sun to seek a 
place where there was a reasonable prospect of win- 
ning the smiles of the fickle goddess, fortune. He 
came to Warren County and obtained a position as 
a farm hand. In the spring of 1859, accompanied 
by a party who psessed similar intentions, he set 
out for what was just then the land of promise 
Pike's Peak. The company made their way across 
the plains with ox teams. They found, before they - 



f * 



174 



WARREN COUNTY. 



arrived at their destination, that the stories that had 
lured them away from their homes were rather 
mythical, and as they received positive proof of the 
futility of the hopes that incited them, they turned 
their faces again toward the land of certainties. 
They arrived in Henderson County in the fall of the 
same year. Mr. Torrance rented land there and 
continued to operate it in that manner until 1868, 
when he came to- the township of Point Pleasant. 
He bought land on section 17 and made a perma- 
nent location thereon'. He has since been eminently 
successful and his farm is justly ranked, in 'propor- 
tion to its value, as one of the most desirable and 
best managed in the township. We present a view 
of his residence with its pleasant surroundings on 
page 272. 

Mr. Torrance is a stanch Republican in his polit- 
ical relations, and has always been consistent in his 
actions. His wife is a member of the Methodist 
Episcopal Church. 

He was united in marriage to Margaret Hindman, 
May 1 8, 1871. She was born in Green Co!, Ind., 
and is the daughter of Joshua and Lucinda (Hughen) 
Hindman. Four daughters are now included in the 
household. Their respective names are Bertha, 
Carrie, Laura and Hallie. 




his demise, which his widow is controlling at the 
present time. She has erected a fine residence and 
all other necessary outbuildings on her farm, and to- 
day it presents the appearance of thrift and energy . 
Mrs. Teare and family are members of the Meth- 
odist Episcopal Church. 



|ji obert Teare, deceased, was born on the 
Isle of Man, Feb. 3, 1828, and there lived 
until about 25 years of age, when he emi- 
grated to Australia for the purpose of engag- 
ing in mining, and there remained about five 
years. He came to America, and in the 
spring of 1860 came to Warren County 'and located 
in Lenox Township, where he died Feb. 20, 1866. 

His marriage to Martha Killey, who was also a 
native of the Isle of Man, having been born there 
March 5, 1840, was celebrated in their native coun- 
try on the ist of March, 1860. She was the daugh- 
ter of John and Catherine (Quayle) Killey, and of 
her union with Mr. Teare were born three children, 
John K., Kate A. and Lizzie R.; all reside at 
home. Mr. Teare was the possessor and owner of 
240 acres of excellent improved land at the time of 




y,ercules Honey, a well to-do farmer, resid- 
ing on section 21, Hale Township, and 
clerk of that township, was born in this 
county, and in the township in which he now 
resides, Feb. 10, 1845. He received a com- 
mon T school education, which he supplemented 
by a course of study at a commercial college at Day- 
ton, Ohio. He has been a resident of this county, 
with tlie exception of three years, spent at Dayton,, 
and has devoted his time exclusively to the vocation 
of an agriculturist. He is at present the owner of| 
90 acres of land, 80 of which is under an advanced! 
state of cultivation. On his farm he has erected a 
good set of buildings and his place presents an at- 
tractive appearance to the passers-by. A view o:_ 
his residence and farm buildinge is given on page 
272. 

Hercules Roney was married to Miss Mary A. 
Mumma, Feb. n, 1869, at Dayton, Ohio. She was 
born in Montgomery County, that State, Aug. 2, 
1847, and has borne her husband one child, Mary 
E. Mrs. Roney is the daughter of Joseph B. and 
Elizabeth (Solenberger) Mumma, who reside at 
Dayton. 

Mr. Roney has held the offices of Commissioner of 
Highways and Township Clerk, of which latter posi- 
tion he is the present incumbent. He and his wife 
are members of the Presbyterian Church, and, in 
politics, Mr. Roney votes with the Republican party 
and endorses the principles advocated by it. 

The parents of Mr. Roney of this sketch, Hamil- 
ton and Elizabeth (McReynolds) Roney, were natives 
of Pennsylvania and Ohio respectively. The father 
was an early settler of this county, coming here at 
the early day of 1836. His first marriage took place 
five years previous to his emigration to this county, 
his wife's maiden name being Miss Margaret Mackey, 



r 







WARREN COUNTY. 



by whom lie had- five children. She died in 1841, 
and in 1842 he married Elizabeth McReynolds, at 
her home near Dayton, Ohio. She was a daughter 
of Joseph McReynolds. Hamilton Roney, in early 
life; was a blacksmith, and carried on that business 
in Monmouth for about five years. There his first 
wife died, and he continued to reside there a short 
time after his second marriage, when he removed to 
the farm. As a farmer he was eminently successful 
and became the owner of 700 acres of land, some of 
which was the finest farm land in the township. 
This is now divided among his sons and daughters, 
to whom, at his death, he left a comfortable com- 
petency. He followed the vocation of an agricultur- 
ist until 1863, when he went to Dayton, Ohio, and 
there, on the 3d day of March, 1884, departed this 
life. His wife survives him and resides in Dayton, 
Ohio. 

The parents of Mrs. Hercules Roney had a family 
of nine children, of whom Mrs. R. was the second in 
order of birth. 





;'ulius T. Lathrop, a retired farmer, resid- 
[- ing in Roseville, Warren County, was born 
in Livingston Co., N. Y.,in the year 1818. 
He is a son of Colby and Polly (Terry) La- 
throp, natives respectively of New York and 
New Hampshire. Coming to Ohio in an early ' 
day, he, the father of our subject, purchased land 
there and remained until his demise, which occurred 
Marcli 12, 1857, his wife dying in 1874 in Michigan. 
Julius T. assisted his father on the farm, attended 
the district schools and remained under the influ- 
ence of his parents until he was 25 years of age. In 
1846, after leaving home, he engaged in carpentering 
in a ship-yard in the Buckeye State, but not follow- 
ing that trade long, he emigrated West the same year, 
and settled in Greenbush Township, this county and 
State. Here he invested some money in the purchase 
of i 20 acres of prairie land, which he engaged la- 
boriously in cultivating, and remained there for 
about 24 years, when he removed to Roseville vil- 
lage and bought a lot, on which he erected a build- 



ing and has since lived therein, engaging in carpen- 
tering and wagon making a part of the time. 

Feb. 22, 1843, he was married to Miss Almira 
Light, a native of New York, and they have one 
child living, Sarah Sheppard, who resides in Iowa. 
Mrs. Lathrop died in 1874, and Mr. Lathrop took 
for his second wife a Mrs. Vurlinder T. Byarlay, a 
native of Indiana and daughter of Joseph and Su- 
sanna (Turnbull) Grain, natives of Indiana and Ken- 
tucky respectively. They lived in Indiana until 
their death, the father's occurring April, 1844, and 
the mother in March of the same year. Mr. Lathrop 
is the proprietor of a fine farm in Kansas, consisting 
of 1 20 acres. He is a member of the Christian 
Church and is one of the representative men of his 
village, and politically is identified with the Repub- 
lican party. 




ohn B. Graham, one of the oldest settlers 
in Warren County and a gentleman who 
has witnessed the wonderful developments 
the county has made during the last 50 years, 
and who has shared the privations incident to 
its early settlement, resides on section 3, Hale 
Township. He was born in Greene Co., Ohio, Jan. 
31, 1817, and continued to reside in his native State 
until the fall of 1835. 

During the year last named, Mr. Graham came to 
this county and located in Hale Township, where 
he has since lived. At that time, the hand of civ- 
ilization had hardly turned a furrow and the land 
was in its original, natural condition. Having a 
firm determination in the future development of the 
county, he " stuck to it," and to-day lives to witness 
the fulfillment of a prediction made by him 50 years 
ago, namely, that Warren County would in time to 
come be one of the garden spots of the great com- 
monwealth of Illinois. In r85o, he made a trip 
across the plains to the land of gold and spent 12 
months in California and Oregon. The trip was not 
made for gain, but for health and pleasure, and after 
returning he located in Hale Township, where he 
has continued to reside until the present time, a 
period of almost 50 years from the time he first set' 



i 



WARREN COUNTY. 



tied here. He is the proprietor of 340 acres of land 
located on section 3, Hale Township, the major por- 
tion of which is under advanced cultivation; and 
there, in the sunset of his life, he lives, enjoying the 
comforts which a life of labor, pluck and persever- 
ance enabled him to procure. 

The marriage of Mr. Graham took place in Hale 
Township, March 24, 1842, at which time Miss 
Mary T. Rogers became his wife. She was born in 
the" State of Missouri, Monroe County, Oct. 4, 1823, 
and has borne her husband 1 1 children, Elizabeth 
L., born Dec. 17, 1842; William F., Oct 31, 1844; 
Phebe I., Feb. 8, 1847 ; Andrew R., March it, 1849; 
Mary L., Feb. 4, 1852; Aleri R. and John A., twins 
Aujj. 24, 1854; Emma A., June i r, 1858 ; Frank E., 
June 3, 1861; Nannie M., Jan 24, 1864; and Eva 
J., Jan. 1,1867. William and Andrew are deceased, 
Elizabeth L. is the widow of John Balmer, and re- 
sides in Hale Township with her parents; Phebe is 
the wife of David Armstrong, a farmer living in Ne- 
braska ; Mary L. married T. B. McCulley, and they 
reside in Nebraska; John A. is a farmer of Hale 
Township ; Aleri R. is a physician residing at Little 
York ; Emma A. became the wife of George W. Hill, 
who lives in Nebraska ; Frank is a farmer in Hale 
Township; Nannie became the wife of Joseph W. 
Dawson, who follows the vocation of farming in 
Nebraska ; Eva J. lives at home. 

Mr. Graham has been Supervisor of Hale Town- 
ship one year, and has held other offices within the 
gift of the. people of his township. He is a Demo- 
crat in his political affiliations, and his wife is a 
member of the United Presbyterian Church. 




lohn W. Reynolds, one of the progressive 
^ and well known farmers of Warren County, 
and a resident of section 10 of Hale Town- 
ship, was born in North Carolina, Aug.- 14, 
1818. He went with his parents to Jackson 
Co., Ind., when but 12 years of age, and there 
resided until October, 1836, when he came to War- 
ren County and settled in Hale Township. He has 
since made the latter place his permanent home, and 
is the proprietpr of 150 acres of excellent tillable 



land. Upon the same he has erected a fine set of 
buildings, and altogether the farm presents the ap- 
pearance of thrift and energy. 

Mr. Reynolds was united in marriage in Hale 
Township, Sept. i, 1846, the lady chosen to become 
his wife being Miss Jane Campbell, who was born in 
in Carroll Co., Ohio, June 23, 1826. Of this union 
ten children were born, George W., Josiah B., 
Martha A., William Y., John W., Mary J., Sarah E., 
Richie C., James W. and Thomas M. George W. 
and Martha A. are deceased ; Josiah, William and 
John reside in Warren County and are married ; 
Mary J. is the wife of F. P. Kilgore and resides in 
Kirkwood ; Sarah E., James and Thomas reside at 
home ; Richie resides in Spring Grove Township. 

Mr. Reynolds has served his township as School 
Director, and. both himself and ife are members of 
the United Presbyterian Church. Politically, he is 
a Republican. 







P. Emans, who is accredited with being 
the oldest merchant of Roseville, having 
been constantly in business here since 
1858, and one of the prominent business men 
of Warren County, came to this State from 
Ohio in 1855. He is a n.nive of the Buckeye 
State and was born in 1832. He was left an orphan 
when quite young and went to live with an uncle, 
who gave him good educational advantages. He 
sent him to the common district schools for a time 
and later to a select school. He then engaged as a 
clerk for his uncle and remained with him in that 
capacity until he was 23 years of age. During the 
meantime he studied book-keeping at Bacon's Com- 
mercial College at Cincinnati. His health failing, he 
was obliged to leave the desk and engage in some 
other calling. For a time he was interested in the 
livery business at Camden, Preble Co., Ohio. Here 
he remained for five years. He came to Illinois in 
May, 1855, bringing his livery stock, and located at 
Fairview, Fulton County. He remained here but a 
short time when he sold and came to Warren 
County and embarked in the mercantile business 
at Roseville. Here he has remained and 



t'i 



WARREN COUNTY. 



*79 



one of the most widely known merchants in the 
southern part of the county. From 1870 until 
1 88 1, he was engaged in the lumber business and 
also, in company with William A. Pratt, in the 
grain business, in which latter business he still con- 
tinues. He is interested in Roseville village prop- 
erty and owns several houses which he rents. He 
does a large business in his store and employs two 
clerks and a boy. 

Mr. Emans, in 1863, was married to Miss Anna 
Ostrander, a native of New York State, and came 
to Ohio when young. Her mother is a native of 
Ohio and came to Illinois in 1855, and now makes 
her home with her daughter, Mrs. Emans. Mrs. 
Ostrander has three sons, one a dealer in lumber and 
hardware at Swan Creek, and two others are in 
Washington Territory engaged in farming. Mr. and 
Mrs. Emans have two children living, James H. 
and Jessie. Mr. Emans is a Republican and at pres- 
ent is serving as Treasurer of the village. 




.ames A. Evans, deceased, who was one of 
Warren County's well known and success- 
ful farmers, and a resident on section 29, 
Lenox Township, was born in Virginia, March 
i, 1821, and passed his early life in the Buck- 
eye State and Indiana. He afterward came to 
Illinois, locating in Henderson County, where he re- 
mained until his removal to Warren County, about 
the year 1851. Locating in Lenox Township, he 
entered land on section 29, where he resided and 
labored until death. He was the owner at the time 
of his demise, which occurred April 3, 1875, of 240 
acres of some of the best equipped and cultivated 
land in his township, having fine substantial build- 
ings and all other necessary appurtenances upon 
it; but his widow is now the possessor of only 80 
acres. 

Mr. James A. Evans was married in Henderson 
County, March 7, 1844, to Miss Lucy C., daughter 
of Washington and Elizabeth (McChesney) Fort, 
who was born in Kentucky May 10, 1827. Mr, and 
Mrs. Evans had become the parents of nine children, 
six of whom survive, viz. : Emeline, who became 



the wife of David Darr, and they are both now de- 
ceased ; Washington, deceased ; John A., who is 
married and lives in Lenox Township, this county ; 
Samuel, deceased; Stephen D., who is married and 
lives in Kansas ; Mary E. ; Ida J., now the wife of 
Thomas Davis and living in Gladstone, Henderson 
Co., 111.; James A., who resides in Kansas; and 
Jesse C. is at home. 

Mrs. Evans is a member of the Baptist Church, 
as was her husband. She is now carrying on the 
farm with the assistance of her sons. A portrait of 
her late husband is shown on another page. 




illiam V. Moore, Sr. There is growing 
class of well-to-do farmers, who have la- 
bored hard and diligently for years, and 
now have wisely concluded to spend the 
autumn years of their lives in comparative 
ease and retirement. Among this number is 
William V. Moore, Sr., who is living in the village of 
Roseville. New Jersey is his native State, and May 
t r, 1825, the date of his birth. Abraham H. Moore, 
his father, also of New Jersey (Hunterdon County), 
met and married Grace Van Dome, in 1813. They 
came west to Ohio in 1839, and purchased a 100- 
acre farm and followed agricultural pursuits there 
until 1851, when they made another move westward, 
coming to Illinois and settling in Fulton County. 
Here, about three miles east of Prairie City, they 
purchased 160 acres of land. In 1864 Mr. Moore 
sold this and bought a farm near Bushnell, McDon- 
ough County. Here he lived until a few years be- 
fore his death, when, in 1871, he moved into the city 
of Bushnell, where he died in 1879, in his 88th year. 
Mrs. Moore survived her husband and died in Bush- 
nell, Dec. 18, 1885, aged 90 years and four months. 
William B. remained with his parents until he was 
26 years old, assisting them, on the farm and in re- 
turn was given an opportunity to receive a good 
common-school education. After leaving home he 
worked out for one summer, when his ambition led 
led him to try farming on his own hook. He then 
rented a farm in Butler Co., Ohio, which he kept for 
two years. At the end of that time, in 1854, he came 






- 



2 Bo 



WARREN COUNTY. 



West to Illinois and settled in Fulton County on a 
rented farm. Here he remained for two years 
longer, when he found a desirable quarter-section of 
land on section 3, Point Pleasant Township, in this 
county, which he was able to purchase. He subse- 
quently got 15 acres of land in Ellison Township, 
and in 1873 secured 80 acres additional in the same 
township. He continued to follow agricultural life 
with satisfactory results until 1876, when he retired 
from his farm, moving to the village of Roseville. 
Here he purchased two and a half acres of land, 
upon which are a good residence and barn, and the 
family are living comfortably. He is regarded as 
one of the most substantial men of Warren County. 
Politically, he has been a Republican. 

In 1851, before coming to Illinois, Mr. Moore was 
married to Miss Temperance Curtis, who is a native 
of Butler County, Ohio, and daughter of Daniel and 
Charlotte Curtis. The latter were natives of Mary- 
land, but came to Ohio before their marriage. There 
they lived until their death, which occurred in 1853 
and 1854 respectively. 

Mr. Moore's brother, Isaac, who was a member of 
Co. H, 7th 111. Cavalry, was killed while his regiment 
was in Missouri, April 2, 1862. Mrs. Van Dyke 
(his sister) died at her residence in Bushnell, III., one 
week after the death of her mother. 




^aston Morris, deceased. One of the prom- 
inent and well-to-do pioneers of Lenox 
Township of 30 years ago was Easton 
Morris, who located on section 15. He was 
born in Wayne County, Southern Illinois, May 
26, 1833, and enjoyed but limited advantages 
for an education, as the days of his boyhood in Illi- 
nois afforded very meager opportunities for securing 
any advanced education. He met a violent death 
while on a visit to Kansas, being killed ir. Missouri 
by lightning on the 8th day of Sept. 1866. 

Mr. Morris was married in Lenox Township, fan. 
2 5> l8 5S) to Rebecca A, Butler. She, like her hus- 
band, was also born in Illinois, in Warren County, 
Feb. 28, 1834. She is the mother of three children, 
Eva A., Ewing V. and Myron H- Eva is de- 



ceased. Mrs. Morris owns 95 acres of excellent til- 
lable land on section 15, in Lenox Township, and is 
an excellent business lady. She is a member of the 
Baptist Church. Ewing V. is married and lives in 
Galesburg, where he practices medicine. The other 
sop, Myron H., assists his mother in carrying on the 
home farm. 




eonard Hall, a successful and energetic 
farmer, owning 234 acres of land located 
on section 31, Greenbush Township, where 
he resides, and also 50 acres of land in Iowa, 
was born in Cortland Co., N. Y., Dec. 23, 
1819. He came West and located at Mon- 
mouth, and worked at that place from September, 
1845, until the date of his marriage, March 25, 1852. 
At this time, Miss Susan B. McMahill became his 
wife. She was born in Sangamon County, this State, 
and bore her husband six children, namely : Will- 
iam L., born July 5, 1853; Wyatt, Julys, l &55- 
Warren, Feb. 8, 1857; Mary M., April 17, 1861 ; 
Albert P., Jan. 19, 1867; Aleta, March 14, 1872. 
Wm. L. married a Miss Mollie Dilly, and is now a 
successful farmer in Jewell Co., Kan. Wyatt mar- 
ried Ann McFetridge. They have two children. 
Wyatt is also a farmer. Mary M. is the wife of Mr. 
Wetzvel, a resident of this township. 

The father of Mr. Hall, Stephen Hall, was a na- 
tive of Connecticut, and married Miss Cynthia Leon- 
ard. They had eight children, Lester, Sarah Ann, 
Polly, Leonard, Theophilus, Coridon. Benjamin, 
Philomen, four of wnom are deceased, namely: 
Sarah, Polly, Benjamin and Philomen. Mrs. Hall's 
father, Mr. McMahill, was born in Kentucky in 
1806, and died in 1881. He married Miss Mary 
Snapp in 1827, She was born in 1806 in Kentucky, 
and they became the parents of 12 children, viz.: 
George S., Susan B., Sarah S. Nancy J., Elizabeth, 
John, Maria A., Kentucky A., William H. H., Pink- 
ney M., Mary and Lucinda. Four of these children 
are dead. 

Mr. Hall, of whom we write, has 235 acres of good 
farm land, located on section 31, Greenbush Town- 
ship, under an. advanced, state of cultivation, and 




WARREN COUNTY. 



181 



also 50 acres of land in Iowa. On his place he has 
a good residence and barn, the latter being 34 x 40 
feet in dimensions. In addition to his farm duties, 
he is breeding Short-horn cattle and handles English 
drafi horses. He has served as Road Commissioner 
for some 12 years, and also School Director of his 
township. In religion, he belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal Cnurch. Politically, he votes with the 
Republican party. 



r 




4 



W. Coghill, engaged as an agriculturist on 
section 28, Roseville Township, is a pros- 
perous and spirited citizen of Warren 
County, and a native of Virginia, where he was 
born Aug. 17, 1830. His parents were Benja- 
min C. and Millecenl (Ellett) Coghill, also na- 
tives of Virginia. The father came to Illinois in 
1836, and settled in Warren County, where he pur- 
-chased land and built a grist and saw mill in the 
northern part of the county, which is known as Cog- 
hill's Mill. It is now located in Henderson County, 
but when it was built, that district was then a part 
of Warren County. He died in 1880, in Virginia. 
He was an apponent of the system of slavery as it 
then existed in the Southern States, and was a slave- 
owner at the time he lived in Viiginia. When he 
made up his mind to go to the free State of Illinois, 
the question arose in his mind what to do with his 
slaves. He gave the matter serious thought and 
made it the subject of earnest prayer. The tempta- 
tion to sell them and get the money was strong 
the conflict between the devil and the man was bitter 
and fierce, but, upheld by Divine strength in the 
hour of weakness, the right, as he understood it, pre- 
vailed. They were set free, good homes procured 
foi the older ones and the young sent to Liberia. The 
Coghills are of English descent, the first member of 
the family, James Coghill, coming to this country in 
1664. 

J. W. attended the common district schools dur- 
ing his earlier boyhood, finishing his education at the 
Galesburg College, at Galesburg. He was 27 years 
of age before he left home. He was a partner 
with his father in the milling business from the time 



he became of age until he left home. On the nth 
of August, 1858, he was married to Elizabeth Tucker. 
She was a native of Warren County, and the daugh- 
ter of James and Abigail (Long) Tucker, who were 
among the earliest pioneers of the county. Among 
the early labors of Mr. Coghill was teaching school 
in Warren and Henderson Counties. We soon find 
him comfortably located on a farm of 140 acres in 
Henderson County. Here he lived for about 12 
years, when he sold out and went to Washington Co., 
111., and purchased a farm. He remained there but 
four years. In the fall of 1874 he returned to War- 
ren County and found a desirable location on an 80- 
acre farm on section 20, in Roseville Township. 
Here he has since lived and is engaged in mixed 
farming. Politically, Mr. C. is a Democrat, and has 
served the community as Highway Commissioner 
and School Director and takes a general interest in 
the affairs of the township. Both he and his wife 
are members of the Baptist Church. Of the seven 
children born to them, Benjamin C. died in his lyth 
year and a daughter in infancy. Carrie and James 
are attending school at Upper Alton, at the pres- 
ent time. 



-E*- 




t avid M. Hallam, one of Warren County's 
wide-awake and energetic citizens as well 
as successful farmers and stock-raisers, re- 
siding on section 26, Monmouth Township, 
is a native of Ohio, having been born in Sabina, 
Clinton County, that State, Sept. 3, 1837. 
The father of the gentleman whose name stands 
at the head of this biographical notice, Samuel Hal- 
lam, was the son of a Pennsylvania farmer of Eng- 
lish parentage and extraction, the family having 
their origin in the United States prior to the Revo- 
lutionary War, and which consisted of but one branch 
which came from England. The members of that 
branch generally followed agricultural pursuits. 
The grandparents died in Pennsylvania and Ohio 
respectively. Samuel, father of David M., was one 
of a family of four children by his father's first mar- 
riage, by his second marriage his father having the 
same number of children. Samuel Hallam was born 



WARREN COUNTY. 



in Washington Co., Pa., where he lived during the 
early portion of his life. His education was acquired 
in the common schools of his native county and his 
years, prior to the age of majority, were passed on 
the farm. He left the parental roof-tree when about 
2 1 years of age and went to Clinton Co., Ohio, where 
he made a settlement. At that time Clinton County 
was very sparsely settled, and there he endured the 
trials and hardships of a pioneer life. It was in that 
county that -he was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary Ann Mills. She was the daughter of a Clin- 
ton County farmer who had come to that county and 
State from Kentucky. After marriage, Samuel pur- 
chased 80 acres of land, the same being in heavy 
timber and located in that part of the State. He 
went to work vigorously and energetically upon 
the task of clearing and improving his land, and 
after he had placed the same under an advanced 
state of cultivation, he sold it and made another 
purchase of 160 acres, also uncultivated. He im- 
proved that place and by subsequent purchases in- 
creased the same to 320 acres, all of which was 
placed under an advanced state of cultivation, when 
he disposed of it by sale and in the spring of 1850 
came, to this State and located on an 8-acre farm 
in this county (a portion of which is at present 
within the limits of the city of Monmouth), which 
he rented for one year. When Samuel Hallam 
started West with his family, he intended to go to 
Iowa, but on reaching Burlington, that State, the 
condition of the country, and the action of a portion 
of the citizens with whom he came in contact, were 
such as to create a desire on the part of his wife and 
children to return to Ohio, and thither they started ; 
but on reaching Monmouth and finding a different 
country, together with a change in the appearance 
and actions of the people, they rented the farm before 
referred to and engaged in farming. The residence 
into which they moved had been occupied by a man 
who had committed suicide by cutting his throat 
with a razor a few days before their arrival there. 

In the spring of 1851, Samuel Hallam purchased 
240 acres of land in Monmouth Township, on which 
he moved with his family, and where he resided 
more or less until his death. His first wife, who 
was the mother of the subject of this notice, died in 
December, 1864, and he was again married, to Mrs. 
Mary McKay, of Monmouth, by whom he had three 
children, Harvey W., Anna S. and Maude F. Af- 



ter his second marriage he moved to Monmouth 
city, in 1873, where he continued to live until his 
death, which occurred in July, 1879, while he was 
in his 7pth year. His wife still survives and is re- 
siding in Monmouth. 

David M. Hallam, the subject of this notice, was 
the fourth in order of birth of a family of 1 1 children 
by the first wife of his father. He was about 13 
years of age when his parents removed to this county, 
and his education was acquired in the common 
schools and at the college at Monmouth, which was 
then under the presidency of David A. Wallace. 
When a young man of 18 years, he engaged in teach- 
ing, and for 18 winters he followed that profession, 
working on the farm during the summer season, his 
teaching being principally in this and Knox Counties. 

The marriage of Mr. Hallam took place March 
12, 1861, at the residence of the bride's parents, to 
Miss Mary C. Murphy. She was born in Warren 
County, March 12, 1842, and was the daughter of a 
farmer who died when she was a small child, his 
name being John H. Murphy. Her mother's maiden 
name was Eliza Moore, who was born in Virginia 
and was first married in this State. Her second 
marriage was to Samuel T. Shelton, with whom 
she is at present residing at Cameron, this county. 
Mrs. Hallam, wife of David M., attained the age of. 
maturity under the fostering care of her mother and 
step-father, with whom she resided until her mar- 
riage. She obtained a good education in the com- 
mon schools and graduated at Abingdon College, 
Knox County, and for a short time prior to her mar- 
riage was engaged in teaching. She has borne her 
husband seven children, one of whom is deceased. 
Orline E. is living in Chicago. He was for two years 
engaged in the Grand Opera House at that place, 
and also one year at McVicker's, and at present is 
engaged in the support of McWade, whose reputation 
throughout the country is so well established that it 
requires no comment here. Samuel S. resides at 
home and is engaged in the study of law, prepara- 
tory to the practice of that profession; Clinnie M. 
resides at home, as likewise do Frank M., Minnie 
M. and George M. Charles M. is deceased. 

After the marriage of Mr. Hallam, he resided al- 
ternately in this and Knox Counties until 1873, 
when he abandoned the profession of teaching and 
settled on his farm of 183 acres in Monmouth Town- 
ship and engaged in the vocation of farming. His 



*"<. 5 




m 



RESIDENCE or THOMAS A. We A KIEV. SEC. 13. LENOX TOWN SH IP. 



' 




RESIDENCE OF JAMES CAMPBELL, 



ALETOWNSHI P. 






' 




." RE5.0F HON.H . M. LEWIS, SEC.. 19. BERWICK TOWNSHI P. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



285 



place is in a high state of cultivation, and in his vo- 
cation as a farmer Mr. Hallam is meeting with that 
success which energy and perseverance, coupled 
with good judgment, are sure to bring. He and his 
wife are members of the Christian Church, of which 
denomination Mr. Hallam is Deacon. He was for 
20 years Superintendent of the Sunday-school, but 
recently resigned that position. 

Politically, he is a strong supporter of the princi- 
ples of the Prohibition party. 




on. Henry M. Lewis, one of the land- 
holders of Berwick Township and a repre- 
sentative citizen of Warren County, resid- 
ing upon section 19, Berwick Township, was 
born in Basking Ridge, N. J.,Feb. 21, 1824, the 
son of Eliphalet C. Lewis, a native of New Jersey, 
having been born in that State May n, 1799. He 
>< came to Illinois in 1837 and two years later came 
to this county from Sangamon County, and located 
in Berwick Township, where he purchased a patent 
title to the northeast quarterof section 20. He im- 
mediately went to work to improve his land, and at 
the same time economized and added to his original 
purchase until he became the owner of 750 acres in 
the county. 

He was married to Mary Ann Mills, Nov. 21, 
1823. She was also born in New Jersey, the date of 
her birth being July 23, 1806. She bore her hus- 
band five children, namely: Henry M., Feb. 21, 
1824; Phebe A., July 9, 1826; Mary A., in July, 
1838; Susan E., in October, 1841, and Thomas P. in 
1843, all of whom are yet living. The father died in 
1868, aged 69 years, and his widow still survives and 
is living in this county, aged 79 years, and is enjoy- 
ing good health. 

Henry M. Lewis, of whom we write, formed a 
matrimonial alliance, Oct. 18, 1849, w ' tn Miss Jane 
Carr, the Rev. Young officiating. She was born 
Jan. 22, 1827, in Perry Co., Ind., and came with her 
parents, Absalom and Sarah Carr, to this State, in 
1840. Mr. Carr was born in 1801, in Breckinridge 
Co., Ky.,and married Miss Sarah Claycomb in 1824. 
She was a native of Kentucky also, and was born 



there in 1802. Her demise occurred in 1868, in this 
county, and that of her husband July 4, 1879. Of 
their union nine children were born, namely : Eli, 
Jane, James, Lucy, Lewis, Thomas, Hannah, Malinda 
and William H. Mr. and Mrs. Lewis have had born 
to them nine children, eight of whom survive, viz.: 
Norvel, born July 12, 1850; Mary, Nov. 29, 1852; 
Jedediah, Nov. 13, 1854; Henry, Dec. 6, 1856; 
Emery, March 31, r858; Sarah, March 9, 1862; 
Phebe L., Aug. 13, 1864; Effie J., March 23, 1867; 
Edwin C., Oct. 14, 1873. Henry is deceased, his 
death occurring March 14, 1857. Norvel is married 
and is engaged in farming in Nebraska. He has one 
child. Mary is the wife of John W. Miller, of this 
county, and the mother of five children. Emery 
married Miss Nettie Mann and resides in this 
county. Sarah is the wife of Geo. B. Richmond and 
lives near Sedalia, Mo. 

Mr. Lewis is the owner 895 acres of land in Ber- 
wick Township, in pasture and under cultivation, and 
on his farm has a fine residence, together with good ' 
barns and necessary outbuildings, which are shown 
in the view on page 284. In addition to carrying on 
general farming he is also engaged in dealing in " 
stock. He has taken a prominent part in the affairs 
of his township and the county as well. He has 
been Supervisor of his township for 13 years, and 
was elected to represent the counties of Warren and 
McDonough in the State Legislature during its 3rst 
session. He was a member of the committees on 
Agriculture, Militia and Labor, and a busy member 
too, and represented those who gave him their suf- 
frages in an able manner, and with credit to him- 
self and satisfaction to his constituency. He has 
also held various minor offices within the gift of the 
people. In politics, he is a Democrat. 



-JM 




Toseph L. Young, a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 12, Lenox Township, and of which he 
is Township Clerk, is a son of John and 
Elizabeth (Bishop) Young, natives of Pennsyl- 
vania and Maryland respectively. After their 
marriage the parents settled in Ohio, where 
the father died, Sept. 2, [851. In 1865 the mother 



2 86 



WARREN COUNTY. 



came to this county with her children. The chil- 
dren by her marriage with Mr. Young were seven in 
number, named Hannah, John L., Jacob, George, 
Abraham N., Joseph L. and Elizabeth A. 

In writing the biography of Joseph L. Young, we 
record his birth as May 29, 1840, and the place of 
his nativity Crawford County Ohio. His education 
was not neglected in his early years, and on attain- 
ing the age of manhood he was for eight y-iars occu- 
pied in teaching school in Ohio, and continued to 
reside in his native State until 1865, when he ac- 
companied his mother and the remaining children of 
the family to this county, locating with them in 
Lenox Township, where he has since resided. He is 
the owner of 30 acres of tillable land and is a gen- 
tleman of considerable public prominence in his 
township. In his agricultural pursuits he is meet- 
ing with fair success, and his accumulations have 
been acquired solely through his own push and en- 
ergy. 

The marriage of Mr. Young took place in Mon- 
mouth, Dec. 32, 1868, at which time the accomplish- 
. ed daughter of John Wonderly, Miss Mary E. Won- 
,derly, became his wife. Her father's sketch is 
given in another part of this ALBUM. She was born 
in Cumberland Co., Pa., Sept. 26, 1845, and has 
borne her husband one child, Bessie M. Mr. Young 
has held the office of Township Clerk for six years, 
and is still the incumbent of that position. He also 
held the office of Township Collector four years, 
Justice of the Peace three years, and School Trus- 
tee three years, and in politics is a Democrat. 






Charles O. Bradshaw, publisher and pro- 
prietor of the Kirkwuod Leader, was born 
in Sheffield, Bureau Co., this State, Dec. 30, 
1856. The parents of Mr. Bradshaw of this 
notice, J. F. and Mary M. Bradshaw, are at 
present residing in Kirkwood. His father is 
a native of Kentucky, and was born in that Slate 
March 8, 1832, and at present is engaged in the fur- 
niture business at the place mentioned. The mother's 
maiden name was Smith, and she was born in Ful- 
ton County, this State, May 20, 1836. 



The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 
this biographical notice, came to Kirkwood with his 
parents in the fall of 1865. Here he received a 
common-school education, at the completion of 
which he decided to make journalism his lifes pur- 
suit. After several years experience as a local re- 
porter and correspondent, on Jan. ist, 1882, he 
purchased a half interest in the Kirkwood Leader, 
which had been established a few months previous. 
He took editorial charge of the paper, and in Jan- 
uary, 1885, became sole proprietor of the same. The 
paper is at present an eight column folio, independ- 
ent in politics, and is issued at the small subscription 
price of $1.50 a year. From being a dubious venture 
at the start it has come to be considered one of the 
permanent institutions of the county. A good job 
printing office is run in connection with the paper, 
and Mr. Bradshaw is meeting with that success which 
strict attention to business, push, tact and energy 
are sure to bring. 







ames A. McClannahan is one of the lead- 
ing physicians of the county, and resides 
at the village of Kirkwood. In 1854, when 
the fertile prairies of Warren County were but 
partly settled, Mr. Thomas McClannahan with 
his young wife and small family came from 
Ohio and located upon 80 acres of land in Hale 
Township. Here he has since lived, but increased 
his acreage to 240 acres and has grown to be one of 
the prominent citizens of the county and for many 
years has served the people as County Surveyor. 
He oversees his farm and during the winter teaches 
school. Before leaving Ohio he met and married 
Miss Jane Martin, who like himself was a native of 
the Buckeye State. Before they decided to leave 
Ohio, theireldest son, James M., was born to them, 
the date of his birth being March 26, 1850. Besides 
this son they had born to them seven other children. 
Dr. McClannahan received a good English edu- 
cation, attending both the common schools and the 
Academy at Monmouth. Until he reached his ma- 
jority he remained on the home farm, assistingin its 
cultivation during the time not spent at school. In 



WARREN COUNTY. 



1 87 i he commenced the study of medicine with Dr. 
J. P. Clannahan, of Norwood, Mercer County, Illi- 
nois, and for three years closely applied himself to 
the study of his profession. He attended the Chi- 
cago Medical College and from it graduated in 1874, 
since which time he has been actively engaged in the 
practice of medicine. He first located at Berwick, 
this county, where he practiced with satisfactory 
success for four years, when he came to Kirkwood. 
Here he has built up a fine and lucrative practice 
and has a residence, with an office connected, and 
is recognized as one of the representative men of the 
village. 

Dr. McClannahan and Miss Anna McClung were 
married Sept. 20, 1875. Miss McClung was born 
in Ohio, and is a daughter of Charles and Nancy 
McClung, of that State. Two children, both boys, 
have been born to them, Ralph, born Oct. 22, 1876, 
and Harold, born Sept. 25, 1872. The Doctor is a 
Republican, and, with his wife, belongs to the Pres- 
byterian Church. He is a member of the Board of 
Health and has held most of the city offices. 




B. Boyd, a farmer on section 2, Point 
Pleasant Township, is the oldest son of 
Thomas H. and Margaret (Jones) Boyd, 
who were pioneers of the township and 
county where their children are now identified 
with the business community. He was born 
in Greene Co., Ind., Dec. 12, 1839, and was in the 
seventh year of his age when the household came to 
Warren County. He has resided here ever since 
and was educated in the schools of the township. 
He was also reared to the calling of a farmer, which 
he has pursued since the commencement of his act- 
ive life. 

He resided with his parents until his marriage to 
Harriet Conklin. which took place Sept. 19, 1861. 
Mrs. Boyd was born in Clatmont Co., Ohio. After 
their marriage, they located on the farm on which 
they have since lived. It is situated on the south- 
east quarter of section 2. 
The children of the household are named Elgie B. 



and William L. The parents are connected in mem- 
bership with the Methodist Church. Politically, 
Mr. Boyd is a Democrat. 




Stem, a retired fanner and one of Illi- 
nois' early pioneers, is a resident of Rose- 
ville Village, this county, having been 
bom in Mercer Co., Pa., Jan. 13, 1829. His 
parents were Frederick and Sarah (Harris) Stem, 
natives respectively of Westmoreland and Fay- 
ette Counties, Pa. In 1851 they came to the State of 
Illinois, and located on section 28, this county, where 
they purchased a i6o-acre tract of land and im- 
mediately began to cultivate and improve the same. 
Their efforts were fully rewarded, and they had the 
gratification of seeing their land developed to that 
high state of excellence which deservedly caused it 
to take rank among the most valuable in Warren 
County. They became the parents of 13 children, 
and died amidst the comforts of their peaceful home- 
stead. 

David Stem, the gentleman whose name stands at 
the head of this biographical notice, remained the 
companion of his parents until he reached his 25th 
year, in the meantime assisting in the duties of the 
farm and alternated his labors thereon by attend- 
ance at the district schools in the acquirement of an 
English education. He engaged in farming for him- 
self in the year 1854, purchased a tract of 80 acres of 
land and began actively and energetically in the im- 
provement and cultivation of the same, making his 
home there for 20 years and interesting himself in 
general farming. He then purchased, at different 
times, land in the village of Roseville until he now 
is the owner of 17 lots, containing 14 acres at the 
present time being a resident on the same. 

Aug. 16, 1854, was the date of one of the most im- 
portant events in the life of Mr. David Stem, it be- 
ing his marriage to Miss Sarah Adkinson. She is a 
native of Kentucky, who came with her parents to 
Illinois when she was a babe and settled in Warren 
County Her parents were Pleasant and Fanny Ad- 
kinson, and were among the earliest settlers here, 
drawing the first stick of timber in what is now 



a 88 



WARREN COUNTY. 



called Monmouth. Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. 
Stem four children have been born, only two of whom 
are living Ida and Fatten. The former married 
William Johnson, a resident of Ppint Pleasant Town- 
ship, and a farmer. One daughter Marilla, blesses 
their home. 

Mr. Stem and his wife are members of the Baptist 
Church of Roseville village and he is considered one 
of the solid and substantial men of Warren County. 
Politically, he affiiliates with the Republican party. 




I 



: W. McCurdy, a well known and prosper- 
ous agriculturist, residing on section 20, 
Roseville Township, was born near Ma- 
comb, McDonough Co., this State, Oct. 12, 
1842, and is the son of James and Hannah 
(Herring) McCurdy, natives of the Keystone 
I State. On the i6th of July, in the year 1839, Mr. 
i James McCurdy, the father of the gentleman of this 
7 narrative, was united in marriage with his present 
wife, the mother of R. W. McCurdy. In 1839, they 
I came to Illinois and settled in McDonough County, 
remaining in the same until 1847, an< ^ then moved 
to Ellison Township, Warren County, and about 
four years later again removed, this time going to 
Fulton County. At the latter place the father made 
a purchase of 80 acres of land, and afterward added 
to his original acreage by a purchase of a 160 acre 
tract. Not being perfectly satisfied, he thought he 
would try another change, and we next find him lo- 
cated in Roseville Township, Warren County, where 
he came in 1865. He purchased r2O acres of land 
located on section 20, and entered energetically and 
vigorously upon the task of its improvement, and 
made this his home for ten years, when he moved 
into Roseville village and retired from the active 
labors of life. 

R. W. McCurdy remained at home until he at- 
tained the age of 23 years, in the meantime receiving 
the advantages afforded by the district schools and 
in his leisure moments assisting his parents in the 
duties of the farm. After leaving home he rented a 
farm for two years, it being located about a mile and 
a half from Roseville village. In 1867, he made a 



purchase of an 8o-acre tract in Tompkins Township, 
and upon this he worked hard and arduously for 
seven years, putting the same in an advanced state 
of cultivation, when he sold it, and purchased the 
property where he now resides, being 120 acres. He 
is engaged in the stock business quite extensively 
and is meeting with success in his chosen vocation. 
Besides his present homestead he is the proprietor of 
80 acres of land in Ellison Township. 

Miss Lydia Pusey, a native of Maryland, and 
daughter of William and Ann (Watson) Pusey, was 
the lady chosen by Mr. R. W. McCurdy to be his 
companion through life. Their married life has been 
replete with domestic happiness and they are now 
the ptoud parents of six children, namely : Louella 
J., William B., Charles W., Melvin J., Robert R. and 
Ralph E. Mrs. McCurdy 's parents were natives of 
Delaware and Maryland respectively, and in 1850 
the father, Mr. Pussy, came to Cuba, Fulton County, 
this State, the mother having died in Clear Spring, 
Maryland, Feb. 6, 1849. 

Politically, Mr. McCurdy is a Democrat, and with 
his wife belongs to the Methodist Protestant Church. 
Socially, Mr. McCurdy is a member of the Select 
Knights and the A. O. U. W., and is regarded as a 
liberal, representative gentleman of Warren County, 
always willing to help build and improve schools, 
churches, etc., and lends a helping hand to all 
worthy objects. 




homas A. Weakley, a successful farmer of 
Lenox Township, residing upon section 13, 
comes of old Pennsylvania " stock," his 
parents, James and Priscilla (Foulk) Weakley, 
having been natives of that State. The elder 
Weakley died in his native State. His widow, 
the mother of Mr. Weakley of this notice, came to 
Warren County to live with her son, Thomas, and 
died in Lenox Township in 1861. The gentleman 
whose name appears at the beginning of this bio- 
graphical notice, was born in Cumberland Co., Pa., 
Nov. n, 1826. He received a good education in his 
native State, the rudimentary portion thereof being 
attained at the common schools, which was supple- 
mented by an attendance at the seminary at Kennet 




f V 



' 




* f 





WARREN COUNTY. 



291 



Square, in Chester County, that State. In fact the 
early life of Mr. Weakley, prior to his attaining his 
majority, was passed alternately upon the farm and 
in attendance at school. He was also engaged in 
early manhood in the dry-goods business, which he 
followed for about four years in Cumberland County. 
Hoping to better his financial condition in life, at 
least to procure a home for himself and family, in 
1854 he came to this county, at first locating in Mon- 
mouth Township. He lived there for 12 years, fol- 
lowing the occupation of an agriculturist, when he 
removed to Lenox Township, where he has resided 
until the present writing. He owns 1 25 acres in that 
township, every acre of which is good tillable land, 
and in his chosen vocation in life, is meeting with 
that success which energy and perseverance insure. 
A view of his home place is shown on page 284. 

Mr. Weakley was united in marriage with Miss 
Lovinia Kaufman, Sept. 19, 1850. Mrs. W. was 
born in Cumberland Co., Pa., Feb. 18, 1822, and 
[ was of highly respected and well-to-do parents of 
that county. Mr. and Mrs. Weakley have become 
the parents of seven children, two of whom are de- 
ceased. The living are: Spangler K., Anna J., 
Harriet G., Willis F. and Emma L. The deceased 
are Jane M. and Priscilla F. Anna J. is the wife of 
Daniel Wonderly, a resident of Henderson County, 
this State. Harriet G. married Addison Nesbitt and 
resides in Lenox Township. The remaining chil- 
dren reside at home. In politics Mr. Weakley is 
identified with the Democratic party. Mrs. Weakley 
and their two eldest daughters are members of the 
Presbyterian Church. 




'. ohn H. Murdock, a retired farmer residing 
at Berwick, was born in Greene Co., Pa., 
in 1814. He is a son of John Murdock, 
who was married to Miss Margaret Hufty, and 
by her had nine children, Sarah, Mary, 
Jane, James, Hofty, Eliza, John H., Daniel 
and William, 

John H. formed a matrimonial alliance with Miss 
Frances Milligan, Nov. 31, 1837. She was born 
Sept. 15, 1815, in Greene Co., Pa., and has borne 



her husband n children, Margaret A., Sept. 3, 
1838; Jonas, July 22, 1840; Daniel, Aug. 21, 1842; 
John, May 1 1, 1844 ; Mary J., Jan. 29, 1846 ; George, 
June 26, 1848; Permelia, Dec. 26, 1850; Hiram, 
March 21, 1853; Allen, June 26, 1855 ; Armina B., 
June 3, 1858; Joseph E., Feb. 2, 1863. Six of the 
children named are yet living. Mrs. Murdock's 
father was born in 1776, by name John Milligan, 
and died in 1846. 

Mr. Murdock has an acre of ground within the 
corporate limits of the village of Berwick, upon which 
is a good dwelling, where he resides retired from the 
active labors of life. He and his wife are members 
of the Baptist Church, as are likewise all his children 
except one. Mr. Murdock, although a gentleman 
not seeking office, has held some of the minor offices 
of his township, among which are Road Commis- 
sioner and School Director. 




ames T. Gilmore, who was one of the 
earliest pioneers of Warren County, and 
one of the very few yet living who came as 
early as 1833, is the third son of Col. Robert 
and Maria (Pilgrim) Gilmore. He is in every 
sense a pioneer of the county, arriving here 
June 13, 1833, and here he was reared and was edu- 
cated and has since lived. He was born in Jeffer- 
son Co., Ohio, June 5, 1823. His father was born 
in Chester Co., Pa., Feb. 2, 1783, and grew to man- 
hood in his native county. He learned the trade of 
a tanner, serving an apprenticeship after he was 21 
years of age. After acquiring an understanding of 
his business, he went to Ohio, and there embarked 
in the tannery business extensively, especially for 
that period. He located at Cross Creek, in Jefferson 
County, and carried on the business until the out- 
break of the second war with Great Britain. He 
then enlisted and was made a Colonel of a regiment. 
He served under Harrison and was one of his staff 
officers. He was in the military service as long as 
there was any need of his assistance, and after the 
close of the contest he returned to his business. He 
was also the owner of a farm, which he put into the 
management of a renter. In 1833, he sold all his 
interests in the Buckeye State and started for IHU 



29* 



WARREN COUNTY. 



npis. His family then consisted of himself, his wife 
and nine children. They traveled on the rivers, 
which at that period were the principal means of I 
transfer to the West. One member of the family 
was stricken with the cholera, which was prevalent I 
in that year, but the attack did not prove fatal. 
They landed at Oquawka on the i3th of June, a 
day made memorable by the trial of the Indians who 
murdered William Martin the previous year. The 
eldest son of the family, Ephraim, started for Warren 
County on foot, and obtained a team, which con- 
sisted of three yokes of oxen and a wagon, and with 
its aid the family and household belongings were 
transported to Warren County. The father took a 
claim on section 25 of township 12, range 2, or what 
is now Spring Grove Township. He held his claim 
until the land came into market, when he made the 
customary effort to " prove up;" but failing to do so 
and to secure a clear title, he sold his right, and 
later bought the southwest quarter of section 24, in 
the same township. While on -the first claim he 
built a log house of a good type, then called a double 
-house. It was covered with split clapboards and 
had a puncheon floor. The chimney was built on 
the outside of the dwelling and was made of dirt 
and sticks. After buying the second place, he built 
a similar structure upon that, and made shingles for 
the roof and puncheon for the floor. He fenced and 
otherwise improved more than half the land of the 
claim and built a stable and a corn-crib. He was a 
resident on that place until his death, which occurred 
July 9, 1857. He was twice married. His fir^t 
wife was Elizabeth Collins, who became the mother 
of six children, as follows: Ephraim, John, Ara- 
bella, Ann, Joseph ('., and one who died in infancy. 
Mrs. Gilmore died about the year 1821 or 1822. 
Col. Gilmore 's second wife was Maria Pilgrim, and 
the record of their children is as follows : The eld- 
est two died in infancy, James T. (our subject), then 
Thomas, Elizabeth C., Lawrence H., Rachel, George 
W., Benjamin Franklin and Robert, making 16 chil- 
dren born to Col. Gilmore. His second wife was 
born in Germany and came to America in her child- 
hood. She died Aug. 20, 1840. Ephraim was for 
many years a resident of Mercer County, and was 
the first County Clerk of that county, and also 
County Surveyor for eight or ten years. He after- 
wards started into the banking business. In 7883 he 
went to Paoli, Kan. John died in Ohio; Arabella 



married Theodore Jennings and they live in Ford 
Co , 111. ; Ann is the wife of John Ritchie, of Har- 
rison Co, Ohio; Joseph G. lives in Aledo, Mercer 
County ; James T. and Thomas are the next in 
order of birth ; Elizabeth C. married Sidney Lafferty, 
of Mercer County; Lawrence H. ; Rachel is the 
wife of John Armstrong, of the same township of 
which her parents were pioneers ; B. Franklin resides 
in Hopkins, Mo. ; Robert died in Kansas 

Mr. Giluure of this sketch was ten years old 
when he came with his parents to Illinois, and he 
grew to the estate of manhood in Warren County. 
He was reared under all the influences of the 
pioneer period and was a pupil in the pioneer log 
school-house. At the age of 25 he commenced his 
life as an independent man of business, and pur- 
chased the farm on which he now lives. It had 
been improved to some extent and included a double 
log house, a stable and 30 acres of broken farming 
land. There were 410 acres that had pot been un- 
der the plow, and the new proprietor made all 
possible haste to render his property a profitable in- 
vestment. He erected a good class of buildings, 
which are a credit and an ornament to the farm, and 
of which a view is given in these pages. Mr. Gilmore 
is the owner of 330 acres in Warren County and 160 
acres in Mercer County. The entire amount of 
land is in cultivation. 

Oct. 26, 1848, his marriage to Mary C. Lair was 
was celebrated. She was born in Warren Co., Ky., 
Oct. 29, 1827. She was the daughter of William 
and Sarah (Wallace) Lair. Her father was a native 
of Warren Co., Ky., and is said to have been the 
first white child born in that county. The date of 
his birth was April 3. 1796. His parents were con- 
sequently among the earliest pioneers of Ken- 
tucky. His wife, the mother of Mrs. Gilmore, was 
also a. native of Warren Co., Ky. She was born 
May 8, 1808, and is of Scotch-Irish parentage. Her 
husband was of German descent. They were mar- 
ried in 1826, and removed to Illinois in 1832, and 
settled on a tract of land now embraced in Kelly 
Township, this county, where they improved a farm 
and lived respected and honored members of society. 
They had born to them a family of 73 children, six 
of whom are yet living. Mr. Lair died April 7, 1873. 
Politically, he was a Democrat, and in his religious 
connections was a member of the Christian Church. 
His wjdo\v survive? him, and resides with he.r son 



I 




WARREN COUNTY. 



*93 



. 



William M., on the old homestead on section 30, 
Kelly Township, and is also a devoted member of 
the Christian Church. 

Of the five children of whom Mr. and Mrs. Gil- 
more became the parents, three are now living: 
Anna is married to John M. I rey, of Spring Grove 
Township; Ella is the wife of Oliver Stoner : they 
reside in Mercer County; George W. (married to 
Mary A. McKelvey) is assisting his father in work- 
ing the home farm. The mother died March 3, 
(Sir. Mirch 23, 1882, Mr. Gilmore was married 
to Susan, widow of George Leonard. She was born 
in Pennsylvania, and was there married to her first 
husband Feb. 21, 1850. In 1855, they came to 
Spring Grove Township, where, in March, 1861, Mr. 
Leonard died. She had eight children by her first 
husband, six of whom are still living. Silas is a 
resident of this township; Bertie resides in Alexis; 
Stewart is a citizen of Monmouth ; Ida ; Alice lives 
in Stephenson Co., I). T. ; Mary is the youngest. 

Mr. Gilmore is a Democrat in political persuasion, 
and both himself and wife are members of the Chris- 
tian Church. He is looked upon by his many friends 
as being one of the best men who ever honored War- 
ren County with their presence. 

A portrait of Mr. Gilmore is exhibited on page 
290. 



1=1 .-i 



=*- 




-*= 



foseph Martin, ex-President of the First 
I?- National Bank at Monmouth, a gentleman 
of more than ordinary business ability, re- 
tired from the active labors of life on u compe- 
tency acquired by individual effort and good 
judgment, coupled with economy and perse- 
verance, resides on section 28, Monmouth Township, 
near the limits of the city of that name. He was 
born in '.he North of Ireland, Aug. 15, 1816, and is 
of Scotch-Irish extraction His father, William Mar- 
tin, was a native of the Emerald Isle, and resided 
there until his death, engaged in the vocation of 
farming. His death occurred about 1845. His wife, 
Mary Forbes, was born in the North of Ireland and 
was likewise of Scotch- Irish extraction, and also died 
in her native country. 

The gentleman whose name heads this sketch, was 



next to the youngest in order of birth of a family of 
six children, ard he and a brother, James, (who is re- 
siding in Page County, Iowa, where he is engaged in 
farming and cattle raising) are the only survivors. 
Joseph Martin resided with his parents on his native 
Isle until he reached the age of 19 years, when he 
was united in marriage to Miss lane Groves, a 
daughter of Joseph and Jane Groves. Soon after 
they were weded, they crossed the briny waters and 
located in the United States, the date thereof being 
1834. His first location was in New Castle, Law- 
ranee Co., Pa., where after residing for a short time, 
he moved to Mercer Co., Pa., where he purchased 
land and for 12 years followed agricultural pursuits. 
Leaving Pennsylvania he came to Galena, this State, 
and in the neighborhood of that place purchased 200 
acres of land, whLh had been partly worked for lead. 
He re-opened the mines and succeeded in striki.ig 
an exceedingly rich vein, which yielded him about 
$25,000. He continued to operate his mines in that 
vicinity for about nine years, until r86o, when, in the 
fall, he came to this county and purchased 160 acres 
of partly improved land, in Tompkins Township, 
where he operated only a short time; then rented 
his land and moved to Monmouth with a view to 
educating his children. He afterward sold his farm 
in Tompkins township and purchased other property 
and cleared $8,000. His success as a speculator has 
been more than ordinary. In the fall of 1863, he 
with others, established the First National Bank at 
Monmouth, with a capital of $50,000, which was 
later increased to $75,000. The institution at times 
represented a capital of $500,000, and was doing a 
good and increasing business until its recent failure. 
Mr. Martin was a stock holder for about 20 years, 
and was elected President of the institution some- 
time previous to its failure, but no word of censure 
has ever been heard against Mr. Martin on account 
of the disaster to the bank, it being too well known 
by every depositor and by the citizens of Warren 
County, who was the cause of its failure. Mr. Mar- 
tin has been actively engaged in many financial op- 
erations, and at present is the proprietor of a 200 
acre farm in Page Co., Iowa, which is under an ad- 
vanced state of cultivation. He owns 22 acres on 
which he at present resides, and also a large brick 
store-house, of which the Y. M. C. A. occupy the 
second story. 

The first wife of Mr. Martin died in Monmouth 



*94 



WARREN COUNTY. 



in 1871. He was again married in that city to Mrs. 
Jennie Patton, nee Lee, widow of Rev. Samuel Pat- 
ton, of Detroit, and daughter of Judge Thomas and 
Nancy (Wilson) Lee, natives of Pennsylvania and 
Ohio respectively, of American parentage and Scotch 
descent. She was born in Cadiz, Ohio, Oct. 5, 1830. 
Her father was formerly a farmer by occupation, but 
later in life engaged in the business of a tanner, and 
still later was connected with politics, being almost 
continuously the incumbent of an official position 
thereafter until his death, which occurred in Cadiz, 
Ohio, in 1853, during his 57th year. Her mother 
died Sept. 20, 1885, at the venerable age of 87 years. 
Mrs. Martin has borne her husband one child, Nan- 
nie L., born June 12, 1872. Seven children were 
born to Mr. Martin by his first union, William W., 
is married and lives in Salem, Oregon, the maiden 
name of his wife being Belle Myers ; James is also 
married and is likewise a resident of Salem, Oregon; 
the other five children are deceased. Mr. and Mrs. 
Martin are members of the United Presbyterian 
Church at Monmouth, to the building of which Mr. 
; Martin contributed $2,000. He is present trustee 
and member of the session. 

In politics he is a staunch supporter of the princi- 
ples of the Republican parly, having always opposed 
the institution of slavery, and during the late Civil 
War was a strong and unswerving Union man. 



- 




ienjamin P. Matteson, a farmer residing 
on section 30, Floyd Township, was born 
in Oneida Co., N. Y., Feb. 10, 1836, and 
came to this State in 1838 with his parents. 
The father of Mr. Matteson (Myron Matte- 
son) was born in New York, in 1810, and 
died in 1849, in this county, whither he removed 
and settled in Floyd Township. He married Maria 
Davis, in 1830. She was born in 1808, in Oneida 
County, New York, and is still living. Of their union 
six children were born, Geraldine, Juliet, Benja- 
min P., Christian, Joann and Myron D. 

Benjamin P. was married to Miss Margaret Mur- 
dock, Oct. 2, 1858. She was born Sept. 3, 
1838, and is a daughter of John Murdock, born 



Feb. 9, 1807, in Greene County, Pa., and who 
came to this State in 1851, and located in this 
county. He married Miss Fannie Milligan, Nov. 14, 
1830. She was born Oct. 15, 1810, in Pennsylva- 
nia, and bore her husband n children, four of whom 
are deceased. The names of the children are: Mar- 
garet, Jonas, Mary, Daniel, John, George, Millie, 
Hiram, Allen, Armenia and Edgar. 

Mr. and Mrs. Matteson of this notice are the par- 
ents of two children, Mabel, born Dec. 26, 1862, 
and Dora, March 31, 1864. The former is the wife 
of Dr. William McClannahan, a prominent physician 
of West Jersey, Stark Co., 111. They have one son. 
Miss Dora still resides with her parents. 

Mr. Matteson is the proprietor of 80 acres of well 
improved land, located on section 30, Floyd Town- 
ship. He has a fine residence on his place, 22 x 35 
feet in dimensions, with a barn, 32x36 feet. His 
cattle are of a high grade and his place presents an 
appearance to the passer-by indicative of that energy 
which its proprietor possesses. Mr. Matteson is a 
member of the Anti-Horse-Thief Society. In relig- 
ion, he and his wife are members of the Baptist 
Church, of which denomination he is a Deacon. In 
politics, he affiliates with the Republican party, and 
during the late war was a strong Union man. 




'ohn D. G-rigg, proprietor of 130 acres of 
agricultural land under an advanced state 
of cultivation, located on section 32, Swan 
Township, is a native of Kentucky, and was 
there born May 26, 1841. He came to this 
State in 1864 with his parents, and for six 
years resided with them in McDonough County. 

The father of John D., Joseph W. Grigg, was born 
in 1802, in Virginia, his parents moving to Kentucky 
when he was but a lad. He there grew to manhood, 
receiving such education as was to be acquired in 
the district school, and married Miss Delila Mc- 
Cullough. Sept. 5, 1822. She was born in Vir- 
ginia in 1806, and died in this State in 1877. Joseph 
W., the father, is still living with his son (John D., 
subject of this notice), at the venerable age of 83 
years. 

John D. Grigg was united in marriage, Sept 10, 



RESIDENCE OF JAMES . TGI LMO R E , S EC. 23, SPRING GROVE TOWNSHIP 







RESIDENCE OF A.J.SissoN, SEC. 28, SWAN TOWNSHIP. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



97 



1874, with Miss Anna B. Cline. This estimable 
lady, who by her well cultivated intellect, consistent 
course in life as a member of the Methodist Church 
and amiable qualities in general, had won the es- 
teem of all who knew her, died July *6, 1875, in the 
24th year of her age (having been born Jan. 3, 1852), 
leaving an only child, Joseph H., born June n, 
1875, who followed the mother to the eternal home 
on the 25th of August of the same year (1875). 

Mr. Grigg formed a second matrimonial alliance, 
Oct. 30, 1877, with Miss Florence C. Shoop. She 
was born Nov. 4, 1855, and is the daughter of W. W. 
Shoop, a native of Maryland, who at present resides 
in McDonough County. Mr. and Mrs. Grigg have 
three children, namely : Iva L., born Aug. 19, 1878; 
Mina L., Dec. 6, 1880; Flora P., Oct. 31, 1884. 
Mr. Grigg has two brothers and two sisters living, 
James W. and R. C., Susan and America, and two 
sisters, Sally and Minerva, deceased. Mrs. Grigg 
has four sisters and five brothers, namely: Lydia 
A., William H., Alva, Emma Catharine, Freddie, 
George E. and Maggie M., and Mary E. and John 
W., deceased. 

Mr. Grigg is pleasantly situated on his home farm 
of 130 acres on section 32, Swan Township, all of 
which is under an advanced state of cultivation. 
He is breeding high grades of Short-horn cattle, and 
handles the Poland China hogs. He has a pair of 
mares on his place weighing 1,500 pounds each. 

In politics Mr. Grigg votes with the Republican 
party. He was reared under the influences of the 
Methodist Church, and although not a member of 
that denomination, in his religious principles he is 
inclined towards their doctrines. 



. 




J. Sisson, an energetic representa- 
tive of the agricultural class of Warren 
County, residing upon section 28, Swan 
Township, was born Sept. 5, 1828, in Rens- 
selaerville, Albany Co., N. Y. He is a son of 
Joseph Sissen, a native of Rock Island, but 
who became a resident of New York State when one 
year old. 

The father of Mr. Sisson married Miss Floretta 
Frisbie in 1812. She was born in 1790 and he in 



1789. They emigrated to Illinois in 1837 and lo- 
cated in Swan Township, Warren County, where the 
husband, and father of this notice, died June 12, 
1851. The wife and mother survived him until 
June, 1882, when she passed to the land of the here- 
after. Of their union ten children were born, 
namely: Asahel B., Cyrus, Emeline, Rufus, Ann, 
Augustine W., Marcus F., Andrew J., Mary E. and 
Martin V. His father was a pioneer settler in this 
county, a farmer by occupation and one of the re- 
spected and honored citizens of the community in 
which he resided and died. 

Andrew J. Sisson was united in marriage with Miss 
Nancy Jane McMahill, Jan. 19, 1854. Of their 
union there was no issue, but they have raised to 
manhood and womanhood, two children, Nellie M. 
Brooks, who, when she came under their care, was 
three years old. She was born in 1859, received a 
good education at the hands of Mr. and Mrs. Sis- 
son, and resided with them until her marriage to 
Joseph Thorn, in January, 1885. They reside on a 
farm in Swan Township. The name of their other 
adopted child is William H. Canfield, born Feb. 8, 
1858, who also received a liberal education at the 
hands of Mr. and Mrs. Sisson, and became the 
head of family, May 5, 1881, by marriage with Miss 
Alice Watson. At present he is a farmer in Seward 
Co., Neb. 

The father of Mrs. Sisson, Mr. William McMahill, 
was born in Bourbon Co., Ky., in 1806. He was of 
Scotch-Irish ancestry, his ancestors settling in Vir- 
ginia and from there moved to Kentucky. Mr. Mc- 
Mahill emigrated to Illinois, in 1829; was married to 
Miss Mary Snapp in 1828. His wife was born in 
1806, in Nicholas Co., Ky.,and died Aug. 31, 1877. 
Their union was blessed with the birth of 12 chil- 
dren, whom they named George, Susan, Sarah, 
Nancy Jane, Elizabeth, John, Ann Maria, Kentucky 
America, William H., Pinckney, Mary E., and Lu- 
cinda, four of whom are deceased, namely : Elizabeth, 
Mary, Lucinda and Ky America. 

Mr. Sisson, of whom we write, is pleasantly lo- 
cated with his family on his fine farm of 250 acres, 
on section 28, Swan Township, and has the entire 
place improved. In 1884, he erected a fine residence 
on his farm, 33 X36 feet in dimensions and two story 
with basement. His house is one of the best, if not 
the best, in Swan Township, and its inside appear- 
ance is almost as fine as its outside, it being fur- 



- 



398 



WARREN COUNTY. 



nished in the best possible manner, with all necessary 
apparatus for lightening the labors of the female 
portion of the household. He is engaged in gen- 
eral farming and he and his wife are both mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, Mr. Sisson 
being Superintendent of the Sunday-school. In 
politics, he is independent. A view of his home- 
stead appears in this volume. 




eorge Gossett, retired farmer, enjoying the 
sunset of his life in ease and comfort at 
Roseville, was born in Randolph Co., N. 
C., March 31, 1807, his parents being William- 
son and Rebecca (Stalker) Gossett, natives of 
North Carolina and of English descent. The 
parents of Mr. Gossett came to Indiana in 1815, the 
father purchased land in that State, on which he lo- 
cated and was laboriously occupied in its cultivation 
until he became too old to follow the active labors of 
life, when he retired, and continued to reside there 
until his death, which occurred in 1863. 

George Gossett received a good education in the 
common schools of his native county, and worked on 
his father's farm until he was 19 years old. He then 
worked out by the month and continued to labor in 
that manner until he attained the age of 23 years. 
At that age in life he rented a farm on shares, but 
as he was poor he was unable to buy a team and he 
cultivated his land by working for others and receiv- 
ing compensation therefor by their loaning him a 
team. Under these trying circumstances he contin- 
ued to cultivate rented land for two years, when, by 
the closest economy he was enable to buy a team. 

He continued to save his earnings until 1850, 
when he had accumulated sufficient to purchase a 
farm of 74 acres in Indiana, whither his parents had 
removed. He raised two crops on this land, then 
sold it, making $600 by the sale. 

In 1852, Mr. Gossett came to Pike County, this 
State, where he cultivated rented land for one year. 
In February, 1854, he came to this county, where he 
had previously purchased 152 acres of land on sec- 
tion 4 Swan Township, and subsequently added 80 
acres to the same, making in all 232 acres. He lo- 



cated on this land and worked the same for 13 years, 
and then, in 1867, came to Roseville, purchased prop- 
erty and erected a residence thereon, and then sold 
the same to William Moore. He then built on the 
corner of Main and Chestnut Streets, where he has 
continued to reside since 1876. Mr. Gossett rents 
his farm and at present is living a retired life, en- 
joying the accumulations which a life of energetic 
effort and economy have brought him. 

Mr. Gossett was married in January, 1829, to 
Miss Vurlinder T. Turnbull, a native of Virginia, and 
the daughter of John and Mary P. (Tannihill) Turn- 
bull, natives of Maryland and Virginia respectively, 
and of Scotch descent. The issue of their union is 
six children, only two of whom survive, Rebecca R. 
Davis and William T. Gossett. The latter is the 
present postmaster at Roseville. In politics Mr. 
Gossett is a staunch Republican. He and his wife 
are members of the M. E. Church and have been 
since 1839, of which denomination, Mr. Gossett 
is trustee and has been steward and class leader. 
Mr. and Mr. Gossett on the first day of January, 
1879, celebrated their golden wedding, having passed 
50 years of wedded life together. On that occasion - 
they received many valuable presents from their 
host of relatives and friends. 

j 




athaniel Kidder, a farmer residing on 
section 28, Swan Township, was born 
in this county, July 3t, 1845, and is a son 
of Larnard Kidder, a native of Mansfield, 
Conn., where he was born in 1806. The father 
came to Illinois about 1837, and located in Swan 
Township, where he died Sept. 24, 1864. He 
was married to Miss Mary Ann Hoisington, March 
32, 1837. She was born April 5, 1809, in Windsor, 
Vt., and of her union with Mr. Kidder, seven chil- 
dren were born, Almon, Feb. 27, 1838; William O., 
Aug. 13, 1839; Henry H., May 25, 1841 ; Benjamin 
H., April 7, 1843; Nathaniel, July 31, 1845; Olive 
M., July 3, 1847, and Eliza A., Aug. 5, 1849. 

The grandparents of Mr. Kidder, of this notice, 
Abishi and Lucinda (Hastings) Hoisington, on his 
mother's side. His grandfather was born in 1769, 



WARREN COUNTY. 



99 







and his grandmother, in 1771, The former died 
March 16, 1859, and the latter Sept. 13, 1825, and 
of their union nine children were born, Betsey, 
Olive, Sabrina, Harriet, Maria, John, Mary Ann, 
Eleanor D., and William W. 

Nathaniel Kidder formed a matrimonial alliance 
with Miss Mattie Meredith, Dec. 18, 1872. She was 
born May 14, 1849, and has borne her husband two 
children, Minnie I., Dec. 3, 1873, and Harriet G , 
July 27, 1876. The parents of Mrs. Kidder were 
James and Elizabeth (Thompson) Meredith. Her 
father was born Feb. 22, 1808, and is still living, re- 
siding in Nebraska. Her mother was born Sept. 1 1 , 
1823, and bore her husband eight children, namely: 
Sarah E., born May 22, 1847 ; Mattie, May 14, 
1849 ; James W., Feb. 18, 1851 ; George R., July 9, 
1853; Lucius M., Dec. 18, 1855; Philinda, Dec. 5, 
1857; John M., Sept. 9, 1859; Bruce, Feb. 21, 
1861. 

Mr. Kidder is one of the substantial farmers and 
land owners in Swan Township, owing 156 acres. 
He has a fine residence on his place, two stories in 
height, erected in 1882. The first residence built 
on this site was 23 years ago. 

He is engaged, in addition to the cultivation of his 
land, in the raising of high grade short-horn cattle, 
and in his vocation as an agriculturist is one of the 
leading representatives, not only in Swan Township, 
but in Warren County. Mr. Kidder entered the 
service in the war for the Union, joining Co. C, 
i28th 111. Vol. Inf , May 7, 1864. He was on guard 
duty at Ft. Leavenworth, Kan., and there remained 
five and a half months, when, Oct. 18, 1864, he was 
mustered out at Springfield and honorably dis- 
charged. 




I lien S. Phillips, one of the large land-own- 
ers of Swan Township, is an energetic suc- 
cessful farmer of Warren Co., residing upon 
section 33, who was born in Saratoga Springs, 
N. Y., Jan. to, 1832. He is the son of Scuiber 
Phillips, born in Greenbu&h, N. Y., Aug. 16, 
1802, and who died June 16, 1873. He was mar- 
ried to Miss Sophronia Davis, Sept. 19, 1822, in 
New York. She was born Nov. 16, 1803, in Oris- 




kany Falls, Oneida Co., N. Y., and is still living in 
that State. Their children were six in number, 
John N., Allen S., Cordelia J., Melissa D., Alonzo, 
James H., the latter dying in infancy. 

Allen S Phillips, subject of this notice, was united 
in marriage with Miss Anna M. McMahill, Jan. 26, 
1868, Rev. M. Sperlock, of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church, officiating. Of their union, six children 
have been born, one of whom is deceased: Emma, 
born March 14, 1870, and died May 14, 1877 ; Mary 
S., born March 22, 1872; Wilbur, Nov. 29, 1875; 
Burtis, Sept. i, 1877; Windle, Nov. 21, i88r; and 
Guy E., Aug. n, 1884. The father of Mrs. Phillips, 
William McMahill, was born Nov. 26, 1806, in Ken- 
tucky, and died June 7, 1881, in this State. He 
was married to Miss Mary Snappin 1828. She was 
born Feb. 22, 1806, and died Aug. 31, 1877. Of 
their union 12 children were born, viz.: George, 
Susan, Sarah, Nancy Jane, Elizabeth, John, Ann 
M., America Ky., William H., Pinkney, Mary E. 
and Lucinda A. The deceased-are Elizabeth, Amer- 
ica, Mary and Lucinda. 

Mr. Phillips with his family are pleasantly situated 
on their large farm of 300 acres on section 33, Swan <; 
Township, and has all his land under an advanced 
state of cultivation. He has a fine thoroughbred 
bull, two years old, and 14 head of high grade cattle . 
on his place, and also handles the Clydesdale breed 
of horses. He is Highway Commissioner of his 
township, and, in politics, votes with the Greenback 
party. His worthy wife is highly esteemed as a 
member of the Methodist Episcopal Church and in 
social circles generally. 



rson G. Chapman, Postmaster at Alexis, is 
a descendant of two families of New Eng- 
land origin. His father Orson C. Chap- 
man, was a native of that part of the United 
States, and his mother, nee Rebecca Gilford, 
was born in the State of New York. They 
belonged to the agricultural class and reared their 
son to the same calling. 

The latter was born Feb. 26, 1843, in OswegoCo., 
N. Y. He was a pupil in the common schools in 
his boyhood and he remained in Oswego County 
until 1866, when he came to Warren County and en- 
gaged in farming in Spring Grove Township, in com- 



300 



WARREN COUNTY. 



pany with his brother, Alexander Chapman. In one 
year thereafter he went to Kansas, where he also 
became interested in farming in Doniphan County, 
remaining two years, and then returned to Spring 
Grove, where he again resumed farming, which oc- 
cupation he continued until 1870. In the autumn 
of that year he embarked in the grocery business, 
and was the first to establish an enterprise of that 
character at Alexis. 

In January, 1871, he received the appointment of 
Postmaster, and has managed the postal affairs of 
the Government at that place without intermission 
ever since. In the fall of 1872 he closed the sale of 
groceries, and has since conducted the sale of sta- 
tioners' goods and jewelry. He is a Republican in 
political sentiment. 

In August, 1872, he was married to Adeline Gar- 
rett They have two children, Wade and Ava. Mrs. 
Chapman was born in Breckenridge, Ky. 




|,arbard M. Hogan, a citizen of Kelly Town- 
ship, residing on section 35, came to War- 
ren County with his parents when he 
was nine years of age. He was born in Harri- 
son County, Ind., and is the son of Harmon 
and Elizabeth (Miles) Hogan. His father was 
born Oct. 30, 1792, in Montgomery County, Va. He 
married Margaret Elliott in 1814, and soon after that 
event he located in Indiana. He lived in Dearborn 
County three years, and went thence to Harrison 
County. The days of his removal to Indiana were 
the days of the pioneer period, and in both the coun- 
ties in which he was a resident he was among the 
first of the settlers. In the latter he bought a tract 
of land covered with primeval forest, cleared a small 
space and built a log house. His wife died I here in 
1820. In April, 1823, he married Elizabeth Miles. 
She was born April 20, 1800, in Breckenridge Co., 
Ky. After their marriage they went to live in the 
native county of the wife, where they were residents 
until the year in which they came to Illinois. They 
started for the West October gih, with teams of 
horses, and arrived in Warren Cohnty after 20 days 
of travel across the country, M. Hogan bought a 



tax title or. section 35, in Township 12, range i 
which was his field of operation until his death, 
which transpired Sept. 19, 1864. His wife survived 
him until Nov. 22, 1875. He was the father of 12 
children. William C. lives in the township of Hen- 
derson, in Knox County. Nancy is the wife of Har- 
mon Brown, of the same township in which her 
brother lives. These two were the children of the 
first wife. The second wife became the mother of 
ten children, three of whom survive. Mr. Hogan 
of this sketch is the oldest. Mary E. is the wife of 
R. A. Sinclair, of Nebraska. Jane is married to O. 
E. Beswick, of Council Bluffs, Iowa. 

Mr. Hogan has lived in Kelly Township from the 
time of the removal of his father hither to the fall of 
1840, when he went to Missouri, remaining in that 
State two months. The business in which he had 
interested himself was that of an assistant in a fac- 
tory for the manufacture of fanning-mills. He went 
thence to Madison, Indiana, and was similarly occu- 
pied while there. He remained in Indiana until 
March, 1850. He then came back to Warren 
County and engaged in the same business in the 
township of Cold Brook. After a period of two years 
passed as a craftsman there, he located on a farm, 
on which he passed a year. After that he was occu- 
pied a season as a lightning-rod agent, and then op- 
erated as a collector. Meanwhile, in company with 
a brother, he made a purchase of the farm which he 
now owns and occupies. During the years 1853-4 
he was engaged in the management of his interests 
on the farm. In the autumn of the year last named 
he went to Galesburg and was an assistant in build- 
ing the first brick business block ever erected in that 
place. From that date he has been occupied in the 
pursuit of the business of a carpenter during the 
greater part of the time. 

He was married Dec. 30, 1862, to Miss Ida A. 
Thompson. They have nine children. Their names 
are Jennie B., Emma, Harmon B., H. Eva, L. Maud, 
Willie, Orrin E., Frank M. and Ralph. 

In political connection and faith, Mr. Hogan is a 
Republican. He adheres to the faith of the Uni- 
versalists. He has officiated in various township 
official positions, among which are Collector of Taxes, 
Treasurer of the school fund and Clerk. July 7, 
1857, he was appointed Postmaster of Utah postal 
station by President Buchanan. He resigned to enter 
the military service and on his return was re-ap-. 



: 



L_ 



WARREN COUNTY. 



^r- , 'v. '_ ^ ." . 



pointed by President Lincoln. He held the office 
until 1878, when he resigned. 

Mr. Hogan was one of the earliest to respond to 
the call of President Lincoln for troops, and he en- 
listed in April, 1861, in Company E, i;th 111. Vol. 
Inf., for three months. He was sworn into service 
and continued to discharge the duties of a soldier 
during that time. In 1862 he went to Ind.ana, ac- 
companied by his wife, and while there that part of 
the State was raided by Morgan and his guerrillas. 
The inhabitants armed for defense and Mr. Hogan 
joined them. He was captured by the Third Louis- 
iana Cavalry and after a brief bondage was released, 
after being robbed of his money and clothing. He 
went a little later to Vicksburg, where he was em- 
ployed in a bakery, and after a short service in that 
capacity he obtained a pass from Gen. John A. Lo- 
gan and went to New Orleans. After a stay in the 
Crescent City of five weeks he returned to Warren 
County. 




eorge W. Fish, engaged in agriculture on 
section 4, Berwick Township, was born in 
Oneida Co., N. Y., July 28, 1820. He is 
son of William A. Fish, a native of Connecti- 
cut, in which State he was born April i, 1788. 
Mr. Fish, father of the subject of this notice, 
is one of the pioneer settlers of this county, coming 
herein 1836, and purchasing 71 acres of land on 
section 4, Berwick Township. Previous to his com- 
ing to thjs State and county, he had followed his 
trade, that of a carpenter, in Oneida Co., N. Y. 

On arrival in this county, he located on his land 
and there resided actively engaged in its cultivation 
until his death, May 4, 1845. He was an industrious 
man, kind-hearted and generous, and took an active 
interest in any and all measures that were calculated 
to benefit the community in which he resided. He 
was married to Miss Lydia S. Allen, Feb. 4, 1816. 
She was born Sept. 25, 1798, in Oneida Co., N. Y., 
and died March 23, 1885. Of their union four chil- 
dren were born, Helen, June 22, 1820; George, 
July 28, 1822; Allen, Jan. 21, 1828, and Albert, 
April 4, 1831. Two children are deceased. 

George W. Fish came to this State with his pa- 




rents, and located with them on the old homestead 
in Berwick Township, this county. He has followed 
agricultural pursuits all his life, and at present is en- 
gaged in the same occupation on the identical land 
on which his parents first located when they came to 
the county. Mr. Fish has never enjoyed the " bless- 
ings " of double blessedness, but has a most amiable 
and intelligent housekeeper in the person of his sis- 
ter. She was born in 1820; was never married, and 
is a member of the Presbyterian Church, as was also 
her mother. In politics, Mr. Fish votes with the 
Democratic party. 



n. Samuel Wood, deceased, formerly a 
resident of Monmouth, was born at Blue 
Hill, Maine, June 12, 1811, and died at 
Monmauth, Dec. 21, 1881. His parents, Sam- 
uel and Frances (Coburn) Wood, were natives , 
I respectively of the States of Maine and Massa- 
chusetts, and descendants from old English stock. . 
They reared two sons and four daughters, of whom , 
the subject of our sketch was the youngest. The 
senior Mr. Wood was a farmer during his lifetime, 
but the subject of this notice, early in life, learned 
the carpenter's trade and followed it for about 20 
years. He received his education at the Blue Hill 
(Me.) Academy, and in 1838 came to Monmouth, 
where he spent the remainder of his life. He was 
married at Monmouth, Sept. i, 1840, by the Rev. 
Samuel Wilson, to Miss Mary Ann Hogue, a native 
of Tennessee. She died April 28, 1856. Their first 
born, Almira Jane, died Jan. i, 1854, aged about n 
years; Clarinda, now Mrs. William Mitchell; 
Charles P., who died Jan. i, 1854, aged about six 
years, and Alice, who died Dec. 22, 1853, when lit- 
tle more than a year old. On Jan. 21, 1858, Mr. 
Wood was again married at Monmouth, to Miss 
Martha E. Mitchener, of Chester Co., Pa., the daugh- 
ter of William and Rachel Mitchener. Her father's 
family came over with William Penn to America. 
Mrs. Wood, nee Mitchener, was born April 23, 1825. 
Her parents came to Monmouth in 1854, where 
her father died in 1860, at the age of 82 years. His 
widow survived him about six years, finally passing 
away in the 85 th year of her age. Of the two chil- 
dren of Mr. and Mrs. Wood, the eldest, Lulu, born 



34 



WARREN COUNTY. 




July 3, 1860, died Aug. u, following, and Lena 
Leota is, at this writing, November, 1885, the ac- 
complished companion of her mother. 

Mr. Wood was a self-made man, and during his 
life enjoyed the merited respect and esteem of his 
neighbors. He was a Republican in politics and 
a member of no Church or secret Order. He was 
three times elected Mayor of Monmouth, and also 
held the office of Township Assessor for several 
years. For many years before his death, he had 
been engaged in no particular business, and on his 
demise he left his family a handsome competency. 
A portrait of Mr. Wood will be found on another 
page of this work. 



Charles S. Colver, M. D., has been a 
medical practitioner in Warren County 
since 1853. He was educated primarily 
in the common schools of the county in Ohio, 
where he was born, and at the age of 19 he 
commenced the study of medicine at Middle- 
bury, in Logan County, under the instructions of 
Dr. Walker. Later, he read under the advice of Dr. 
Davenport, of Woodstock, in Union County. When 
he was thoroughly grounded in the course of his 
reading, he repaired to the college at Cincinnati, and 
at a later date he attended lectures at Starling Medi- 
cal College in Columbus, Ohio. He was graduated 
from the latter institution with the degree of M. D. 
in the same year in which he came to Warren 
County. A few months prior to finishing his studies 
at Starling he operated as a physician in Montgomery 
County, and he went thence to New California, in 
Union County, where he was engaged at the time he 
completed his collegiate course. He started for Illi- 
nois immediately after his graduation. He brought 
his family with him as far as Hennepin, on the Illi- 
nois River, whence he came to Little York with a 
team to decide for himself as to the feasibility of the 
place for his business. He also made examination of 
other localities and desided on Little York as a suit- 
able place for his purpose. He brought his house- 
hold to that point and it has since been his field of 
operation. Three years after his removal hither he 
bought a piece of wild prairie in Mercer County 
situated eight miles from Little York and his family 



removed to it. The doctor continued his practice 
and hired laborers to effect the work of improvement 
on his land. After a residence there of about a de- 
cade he sold out and removed to the farm he now 
occupies on the northeast quarter of section 20. He 
has rebuilt the house which was on the place, erected 
a barn and otherwise improved the farm. 

Hadassah Hamilton became his wife in 1848. She 
is a native of Greene Co., Ohio. She was the daugh- 
ter of Robert and Hadassah (Gillispie) Hamilton. 
Her parents were of Scotch-Irish origin. The grand- 
parents came to this country about 1770 and settled 
in Pennsylvania. They moved from the above State 
in 1812, and settled near Xenia, Ohio. Mrs. C. was 
born March n, 1825, she being the oldest of four 
children born to her parents, viz.: Hadassah T., 
Hannah M., Mary J. and James G. Two are de- 
ceased, Hannah M. and Mary J. Dr. and Mrs. 
Colver have had the following children: Rosa, their 
first-born, died when about 18 months old; Robert 
O., married Miss Bessie Watt, a native of Pennsyl- 
vania, and now resides in Sedgwick Co., Kan. ; Mark 
S. married Jennie Brownlee, a native of Warren 
County, and lives in Georgetown, Col., and have one 
child Pearlie; Charles B. married Mrs. Libbie 
Smythe, a native of New York, and they have one 
child Hadassah, named after its grandmother. 
They are now living in Edwards Co, Kan.; Olive, 
born July 25, 1853, died Sept. 14, 1885 ; Abi H. and 
Merle D. are the youngest children, and reside at 
home. The vrtrious members of the family of Dr. 
Colver are members of the United Presbyterian 
Church. Dr. C. is a believer in and supporter of the 
principles advocated by the Republican party. 



li C. Johnston, general farmer and stock- 
grower on section 36, Ellison Township, 
was born in Daviess Co., Ind., Sept. 20, 
1830. The family traditions give the following 
facts concerning the remote account known to 
any of the family at present : They are Scotch- 
Irish descent. John Johnston, a soldier in the Innes- 
killen Regiment, in the army of William the Third in 
the battle of Boyne, married Jane Potter about 1692, 
and settled as a farmer near the town of Straban, 
County Tyrone, Ireland. The names of two of their 




WARREN COUNTY. 



children were Christopher and James. Both were 
born in County Tyrone, Ireland. Christopher came 
to America some time during the first half of the 
i8th century and settled in Lancaster Co., Pa.; the 
other brother, James, remained in Ireland with his 
parents, who lived to a great age. He, after their de- 
cease, when about 50 years old, married Rebecca 
Barnhill. She became the mother of five children 
known to the family, namely : Christopher, John, 
Edward, Elizabeth and Jane. The former was a 
soldier at the battle of Brandywine, afterwards went 
to Kentucky and was killed by the Indians at 
Estill's defeat. Jonn went to Georgia and since 
that eventful time has not been heard of. Elizabeth 
married William Frame and lived in Pittsburg, Pa., 
Jane married William Barnhill, who resided some 
time in Kentucky, and afterward went to Lawrence 
Co., Ind., where they both died. Edward was born 
in 1776 in County Tyrone, Ireland, and was about 
seven years old when he came to America with his 
ffather in 1783. 

His father died about 1791, and after his death and 
ithe settlement of the estate, Edward went to Pitts- 
'burg, Pa , and from there to Kentucky. He was en- 
gaged in two or three campaigns against the Indians 
and during the same, marched through the State of 
Indiana when it was a wild wilderness, full of game 
of all descriptions. He, Edward, married Jane 
Miller and in 1797 purchased 200 acres of land, on 
which he resided until i8oi,when lie removed to 
Clark Co., Ind. In 1817, he left that county and 
went to Lawrence County, same State, where he died 
in May, 1834. His wife, Jane Miller, was born in 
County Antrim, Ireland, in 1762, and died in Law- 
rence Co , Ind., in December, 1833. Their married 
life lasted tor 40 years, and during the time they 
were man and wife they passed through many hard- 
ships and privations, common to pioneer life. Of the 
children born to Edward Johnston, Christopher, the 
father of the subject of this article, died at Paducah, 
Ky., while running a flat-boat down the Mississippi 
River. Christopher married Miss Sarah Dixon, 
daughter Eli and Rebecca Dixon. She was born in 
Ohio. 

Eli C. Johnston, the gentleman whose name stands 
at the head of this biography, was the youngest child 
of his parents' family, and is the only survivor. 
His father died of cholera in Kentucky, as stated, 
and was buried at Paducah, same State. He was a 



pioneer in Lawrence Co., Ind., and by occupation 
was a flat-boatman on the Mississippi, White and 
Wabash Rivers. Mr. Johnston, of this notice, was 
but three years old at the date of his father's demise, 
and soon thereafter his mother, accompanied by 
two children, went to Greene Co , Ind., where they 
located near Worthington. Mr. Johnston continued 
to reside with his mother until her death, which 
occurred when he was seven years old. He after- 
wards lived with and was reared by relatives, with 
whom he remained until 1860, when he came to this 
State. 

Previous to coming here, Nov. 26, 1857, in Greene 
County, his native State, he was married to Miss 
Amanda, daughter of John C. and Charena (Alford) 
Andrews, natives of Tennessee. Her father was a 
blacksmith by trade, and was born in Lawrence Co., 
Tenn., where Mrs. Johnston, wife of the subject of 
this notice, was born, May 19, 1839. She was four 
years old when her parents moved to Greene Co., 
Ind., where they resided until their death, that of 
the mother occurring in May, 1860, in her 461)1 year, 
and that of the father in 1864, when he was 52 
years of age. Mrs. Johnston was the oldest but one 
of her parents' family, which consisted of three sons 
and three daughters. She was educated at Broom- 
field College, and resided with her parent, following 
the vocation of teaching and assisting the mother in 
the household duties until her marriage. 

Mr. and Mrs. Johnston have become the parents 
of five children. Edward C. married Miss Ora Ad- 
kinson, daughter of William and Lucinda Adkinson, 
and they reside in Point Pleasant Township, where 
he is engaged in farming; William D. married Ida 
Stem, daughter of David and Sarah Stem, and he is 
also a farmer of Point Pleasant Township; Blanche 
C., Minnie and Estella reside at home. 

In the fall of ig6o Mr. and Mrs. Johnston came 
to this State and were for a few months residents at 
Roseville. Mr. Johnston then rented land in Point 
Pleasant Township, which he cultivated for two 
years. In 1863 he purchased 80 acres of partly im- 
proved land, the same being on section 36, Ellison 
Township. He and his family at once located there- 
on, and he began the improvement which developed 
into the fine farm of 220 acres, on which they are 
now residing. By energetic labor and united efforts 
on the part of his wife and children, and economy, 
Mr. J. has been enabled to increase his landed pos- 



266 



WARREN COUNTY. 



sessions in the county until he is at present the pro- 
prietor 860 acres, all in, a body and all of -it in an 
advanced state of cultivation. He has a good resi- 
dence on his land, together with substantial out- 
buildings, and after having passed through the trials 
of the past he is now enjoying the comforts of life. 
Since the fall of 1860, Mr. Johnston has not seen the 
shining light of day. The toils of life and exposure 
brought on a cold, which was followed by acute in- 
flammation, and resulted in totally destroying his 
sight, and he is now deprived of that greatest of 
blessings to man. His wife is a member of the 
Cumberland Presbyterian Church, of which denom- 
ination Mr. Johnston is an Elder, and has held that 
position for the past two years. Mrs. Johnston is a 
consistent Christian, a kind mother and a loving wife. 
The care she bestows on her blind husband needs 
no mention in this book,.neither does she desire the 
encomiums of friends for the performance of a loving 
duty in taking care of him to whom, 28 years ago, she 
gave her-heart and hand, and we can but say, "well 
done, thou good and faithful servant." Politically, 
Mr. J. is a Democrat. 

A * 'fOc- 




ilfred Hayes. There lives on section 19, 
of Roseville Township, Alfred Hayes, who 
has retired from the active labors of farm 
life, in which occupation he was successful. 
He is a native of New York and was born in 
Cortland County, March 23, 1820. George 
and Sally (Roberts) Hayes, his parents, were natives 
of Connecticut, and were farmers by occupation. 
They had a family of six children, all reaching 
a mature life, Alfred being the youngest. The 
names of the others were: Oliver, Sally, Samantha 
and George W. The three sons are the only mem- 
bers of the family living. 

Alfred received a good common-school education 
and assisted his father on the farm until he was 24 
years of age, when he left home and worked out by 
the month for 23 years. He came to Illinois, in 
June, 1857, and stopped in Berwick Township, this 
county, where he worked until 1859. He then 
rented a farm in Berwick Township, consisting of 
1 60 acres. He continued to rent and work out until 
1863, when he purchased the 171 acres where he 




is now living. Here he made all of the improve- 
ments, erecting a fine dwelling, at a cost of $3,350, 
and a good barn costing $1,200. He also set out 
trees and beautified his place in various way, and is 
now regarded as one of the solid and substantial 
men of the township. Politically, he is a Republi- 
can. 

Mr. Hayes was married March 19, 1863, to Miss 
Melissa Hall, a native of Maine and a daughter of 
Lewis S. Hall. She was born Feb. 13, 1836. Her 
parents came West in 1855, and her mother died 
here. 



.enry C. Giddings, a successful farmer of 
Warren County, residing on section 28, 
Floyd Township, was born in Erie Co., Pa., 
March 20, 1846, and came to this State with 
his parents in February, 1855. Moses Gid- 
dings, father of Henry, was born in Lancaster 
Co., N. H., Nov. 19, 1801, and died at the old home- 
stead, where Henry now resides, May 7, 1881. 

The father of Henry was united in marriage with 
Miss Sophia Stafford, in 1830. She was born in 
1817, in Erie Co., Pa., and died May n, 1876, in 
Warren County. He was a Republican in politics, 
and both he and his wife were consistent members of 
the Methodist Episcopal 'Church. Of their union 13 
children were born: Jesse, Sebastian C., Hannah, 
Semantha, Eben W., Silas, John W., Marion, Thomas, 
Henry C., George W., Harriet A. and one who 
died in infancy. Jesse and Marion are now also 
deceased. 

The subject of this notice formed a matrimonial 
alliance with Miss Ophelia E. Wagner, Nov. 15, 
1866. She was born Jan, n, 1845, in New York, 
her parents being Henry and Esther (Sherman), 
Wagoner. Her father was born in Herkimer Co., 
N. Y., and came to this State in 1851, locating in this 
county, where he died June 19, 1881. He was mar- 
ried to Esther Sherman in 1833, who was born Dec. 
29, 1812, in Vermont, and died Jan. 20, 1873, in this 
county. Of their union seven children were born, 
Charles W., Mary S., Anna R., James S., Ophelia E., 
Fannie A. and J. E. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sherman had one child Cyrus 
Sherman, born Aug. 23, 1867, and which died in in- 






" 




Q. 

h 



WARREN COUNTY. 



fancy. Mr. Giddings is the owner of 190 acres of 
good farm land, which constitutes one of the model 
farms of Floyd Township. On the place is a good 
residence 35 x 40 feet in dimensions and two stories 
in height, and also a good barn 40 x 40 feet. He 
has a fine imported Clydesdale, eight years old, 
weighing 2,000 pounds, named King Cole. He is 
also engaged in breeding thoroughbred Herefords, 
and high grade Short-horns, having in head of the 
latter on hand. 

Mrs. Giddings is a member of the Baptist Church. 
In politics, Mr. G. is a believer in and a supporter of 
the principles advocated by the Republican party. 




i illiam R. Rayburn, one of Warren 
County's most prominent well-to-do and 
respected farmers, and a resident of sec- 
tion 36, Ellison Township, was born 
near Mt. Sterling, Montgomery Co., Ky., 
J ' Oct. 18, 1822. His father, George Rayburn, a 
farmer and native of the same State, was a son of an 
old Kentucky family who settled there in its early 
history. He was first married in Montgomery 
County to Miss White, who died a few years later 
without issue. After the death of his wife, George 
Rayburn went into Ripley Co., Ind., where he was 
again married to Susan Shafer, a native of Virginia, 
and daughter of farmer and old soldier of the Revo- 
lutionary War, having enlisted when only 16 years of 
sge. After marriage, Mr. Rayburn returned to 
Montgomery County, settling near Mt. Sterling 
(the county seat) and while residing there the 
subject of our memoir was born. When but an infant 
his parents again returned to Ripley Co., Ind., and 
located upon a farm where William R. was reared, 
educated and resided until his marriage. His pa- 
rents died there some years after his marriage. 

The date of the marriage of William R. Rayburn 
with Miss Sarah Roberts, daughter of John and Jane 
(Salyers) Roberts, natives of Kentucky, took place 
Nov. 17, 1854, in Jefferson Co., Ind., where her pa- 
rents had moved some time previous. Her parents 
were very early settlers in Southern Indiana. Her 
father was a farmer by occupation and had procured 

Government land at an early date in that State. 

, , ' ' * .X 



They both died there. Mrs. Rayburn remained at 
home until her marriage, receiving the advantages 
afforded by the common schools. Mr. and Mrs. R. 
are the parents of seven children, three of whom are 
deceased. The living are: George W, Frank S., 
John R. and Charles C.; Ida J., Willie and Eddie 
are deceased. 

About 18 months after marriage, Mr. Rayburn came 
to Warren County, and the same year, April, 1855, 
purchased a tax title to 160 acres of unbroken land, 
on section 36, of Ellison Township. He had some 
friends here and was attracted by the rich prairies of 
Illinois, a sight of them convinced him that they 
were 1 superior for farming purposes to the tender 
land of Indina. He located on his land, engaged in 
its improvement, and by laborious toil and economy 
has added thereto until he is at present the proprie- 
tor of 560 acres in Ellison Township, the major 
portion of which is under an advanced state of culti- 
vation. His farm is one of the best in the township, 
and his residence, barn and outbuildings are sub- 
stantial, as the view of the same, which appears in 
this work, fully demonstrates. Mr. R., in addition 
to his farm duties and the cultivation of his land, d 
votes considerable of his time to the raising of stock,' 
and feeds a large number of cattle and hogs. His 
wife is an active member in the Baptist Church. 
Politically, Mr. Rayburn is a believer in and a sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican party. 
Although a gentleman not seeking office he has held 
the position of Supervisor of his township for two 
years. 




eorge W. Beckner, a successful farmer, 
owning 240 acres of land on section 32, 
Swan Township, is a native of Bath Co., 
Ky., where he was born Jan. 13, 1825. The 
father of the subject of this notice, A. L. Beck- 
ner, was also a native of Kentucky, having 
been born in Fleming County, in 1805. 

The father moved to Lewis Co., Mo., in 1851, 
where he spent the remainder of his days and where 
he died, in September, 1854. He married Miss Eliza- 
beth Kinkaid in 1822. She was born in Kentucky, 
in 1806, and died in March, 1856, and was laid to 



WARREN COUNTY. 



rest in Bond Cemetery, just south of Greenbush, this 
county. She was of Irish ancestry and bore her 
husband 1 1 children, five of whom survive, George 
W., born in 1825 ; Mary A., in 1827 ; Joanna M., in 
1831; Peter T,, in 1845, and H. C., in 1850. 

George W., of whom this notice treats, married 
Miss Deborah Van Kirk, March 7, 1848. She was 
born Aug. n, 1826, the issue of their union being u 
children. The living are: Miranda, born May 16, 
1849; Robert P., May 7, 1852; George, Feb. 25, 
1865 ; Susan J., Aug. 31, 1867, and Hattie G., Aug. 
17, 1869. The deceased are Mathias, Abraham, An- 
drew S., Kansadia, Amelia A. and Mary C., all of 
whom died in infancy. Miranda is the wife W. H. 
King, to whom she was married Oct. 7, 1869. They 
are residents of Swan Creek village, and have six 
children George T., Iba, William, Albert, John and 
Hattie. Robert is a farmer in Swan Township, and 
married Donazett Vandiveer. They have two chil- 
dren Lovinia and Virge. George resides in Brown 
Co., Kan. Susan and Hattie are at home. 

The parents of Mrs. Beckner were Mathias and 
Elizabeth (Wilson) Van Kirk. Her father was born 
in 1796, in Kentucky, and there died in 1846. Her 
mother was born in 1802, in Kentucky, and died 
May 27, 1882, in McDonough Co., 111. Her remains 
rest in peace in Bond Cemetery, near Greenbush, this 
county. Of her parents' union 16 children were 
born, nine of whom are yet living, namely: John, 
Henry, Nancy, Deborah, Adelia, Mary K., Ann 
Eliza and Millie T. Of the children named, John 
married Johanna Beckner, in 1854; Nancy became 
the wife of Samuel Painter, in 1844, and Mary, the 
wife of Jacob Kines, in 1849; Adelia, the wife of 
Henry Stoner, in 1879; Ann Eliza, the wife of W. A. 
Perry, in 1856; and Millie, the wife of Wm. Tracy. 
Nancy and Mary are living in Kansas. The others 
are living in Warren and McDonough Counties, this 
State. 

Mr. Beckner and his family are pleasantly situated 
on their handsome 240-acre farm, all of which is 
under an advanced state of cultivation, and since his 
coming to this State, in 1851, he has continued to 
follow the vocation in which he is engaged. His 
first investment hi landed property was in 1852, the 
year he settled in Warren County. It comprised 160 
acres (unimproved). In 1873 he purchased 80 acres 
which were broken and somewhat improved. These 




240 acres now constitute the homestead upon which 
he expects to remain the balance of his years in this 
life. 

Mr. Beckner belongs to the Order of Masonry, 
of which organization he has been a member since 
1866, and at the present holds fellowship with Lodge 
No. 387, Youngstown, 111. He has been Secretary 
of said Lodge for the last 12 years. He has held 
the office of Township Supervisor three years, Jus- 
tice of the Peace 15 years, Assessor 15 years, School 
Trustee, 18 years. He and his wife are member of 
the Baptist Church. In politics, Mr. Beckner votes 
with and endorses the principles advocated by the 
Democratic party. 



uther B. Perry, proprietor of 80 acres of 
land, located on section 30, Swan Town- 
ship, where he resides, engaged in its cul- 1 
tivation and improvement, was born May 25, 
1841, in this county. His father, J. C. Perry, [ 
was born in Vermont in 1801 ; came to this 
State in 1840, and located in the vicinity Olena, 111.; 
lived there one year, when lie moved to Swan 
Township, and there resided until his death, which ' 
took place Feb. 19, 1881. The father married a 
Miss Phebe M. Dodge, in 1823. She was born in 
1807, and died Sept. 6, 1885, in this county. They 
were the parents of nine children: Elias C. (de- 
ceased), born Dec. 14, 1824; Melissa M., Feb. 18, 
1827; Cordelia O., July 29, 1829; Melvina J. 
March 12, 1832; Alanson W., Jan. 14, 1834; Mary 
O., May 24, 1836; Luther B., May 25, 1841 ; Lorane 
E. (deceased), Oct. IT, 1844, and Lyman (deceased), 
March 29, 1849. 

Luther B. Perry was united in marriage with Miss 
Sarah J. Lybarger, July 4, 1872, Judge Nicholas, of 
Macomb, this State, officiating. Mrs. Luther B. 
Perry was born in Knox Co., Ohio, Nov. 20, 1854, 
and bore her husband four children, three of whom 
are living, namely : Mina J., born April 9, 1873; 
Orville L., Dec. 27, 1875; Iva M., Dec. 9, 1878; 
Rosa D., born May 31, 1884; died Aug. 4, 1885. 

The father of Mrs. Perry, Joseph Lybarger, was born 
in 1807, and died near Marietta, Fulton County, this 
State, in October, 1879. His wife, Joanna (Ewing) 
Lybarger, with whom he was united in 1834, died 



WARREN COUNTY. 



Aug. 8, 1885. They were the parents of n chil- 
dren, nine living and two dead, namely : Louis A., 
born June 24, 1834; Elizabeth F., Feb. 4, 1837; 
Lilburn W., Dec. 23, 1839; Milton C., June 28, 1842 ; 
George H. (deceased). July 23, 1845; Joseph D. 
(deceased), Oct. 20, 1847; James A., Feb. i, 1850; 
Mary A., March 22, 1852; Sarah J., Nov. 20, 1854; 
Hester E., Dec. 15, 1858, and John R., Oct. 15, 
1861. 

Mr. Perry is pleasantly located on 80 acres of 
good farm land, situated on section 30, all of which 
is under an advanced state of cultivation. In politics, 
he votes and endorses the principles of the Demo- 
cratic party. He is a consistant member of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church. 



- 




homas J. Morris, owning more than 400 
acres of excellent farm land in Roseville 
Township, and one of the pushing farmers, 
as well as a gentleman of more than ordinary 
business ability, residing on section 12, was 
born in Greene Co., Pa., Nov. 28, 1825. The 
parents of Mr. Morris, Levi and Lucretia (Stephens) 
Morris, were natives of Pennsylvania and New Jer- 
sey respectively, and were " old settlers " of the Key- 
stone State. His father was quite an extensive 
farmer in that State, and of his marriage 1 1 children 
were born, all of whom lived to attain the age of 
manhood and womanhood. Their names were Mar- 
garet, Hannah, Louisa, Josephus, Jefferson and Wash- 
ington (twins), Franklin, Thomas J., James B., Al- 
pheus and Lucrelia. The twree eldest girls are de- 
ceased, as are also Jefferson and Alfred. They all 
left families. The remainder are living, married and 
have families, and all reside in Pennsylvania. Two 
are engaged in mercantile pursuits, Washington and 
Franklin, and the others are farmers. 

The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 
this biographical notice remained at home until he 
was 35 years old, but since attaining his majority has 
been doing for himself. He came to this State in the 
spring of 1865, where he rented a farm on shares, 
the same adjoining the one on which he is at present 
residing. He continued to cultivate the rented farm 
for ten years, until 1875, when he purchased the 



place where he is at present living. He is to day 
the proprietor of a little more than 400 acres of land, 
and follows the vocation of farming and stock-rais- 
ing. 

The lady to whom Mr. Morris was united in mar- 
riage on Feb. 22, 1866, was Miss Sarah Way, the 
accomplished daughter of Gideon Way, of Monon- 
galia Co., W. Va , where Mrs. Morris was born. She 
has borne her husband three children, Charles W., 
Ella J , and William I. In his politics, Mr. Morris 
always votes with the Republican party. He has 
held different offices within the gift of the people of 
his township, and is a gentleman whose bond is ac- 
cepted no quicker than his word in the transactions 
of business. His success is indicative of that push, 
pluck and good judgment of which he is characteris- 
tic. The great grandfather of Mr. Morris, on his 
father's side, Mr. Corbry, was a Baptist preacher and 
lived in Western Pennsylvania. While on his way 
with his family to deliver a sermon, they were at- 
tacked by Indians and three of the children killed. 
One of the girls of the family hid in a tree-top, and, 
supposing the Indians had left, raised her head to 
look around, when one of the red devils saw her and 
threw his tomahawk at her head, taking off her 
her scalp. They left her for dead, but she survived, 
came to herself and lived to become the mother of a 
family. Mrs. Morris is a member of the Baptist 
Church. 




jilliain O. Kidder, residing on his farm of 
117 acres on section 21, Swan Township, 
was born in this county, Aug. 13, 1839, 
and is a son of Larnard Kidder, born in 
Mansfield, Conn., March u, 1806, and who 
died Sept. 24, 1864, in this county (having em- 
igrated to Illinois in 1837), his remains being placed 
at rest in the Hammond Cemetery. 

The father was married to Miss Mary Ann Hois- 
ington, March 22, 1837, in Champaign Co., Ohio. 
She was born at Windsor, Vt., April 5, iSog.-and was 
the daughter of Abisha and Lucinda (Hastings) 
Hoisington. Mary A., the mother of the subject of 
this notice, is at present (January, 1886) enjoying 
good health in her venerable old age. 

William O. Kidder, the subject of this biographical 



WARREN COUNTY; 



notice, married Miss Mary C. Perry, Dec. 20, 1865. 
She was born Jan. 20, 1847, and was the daughter 
of Charles Perry, who was born in 1815, and married 
Miss Elizabeth Jones. Mr. and Mrs. Kidder are the 
the parents of three children, Nellie G., born Oct. 
3, 1866; Grant L., Sept. 2, 1868; and Ross L., July 
30, 1885. Mr. Kidder has 117 acres of land in this 
countv, all well improved, on which he has a good 
dwelling and barn, 24x36 feet in dimensions, with 
1 6 feet posts. In addition to the cultivation of his 
land, he is engaged in the raising of stock of a high 
grade. 

Win. O. Kidder's early education was acquired in 
the common schools, and was supplemented by a 
course of study at Lombard University, at which in- 
stitution he passed three winters. In 1861, he en- 
listed for the cause for the Union at Macomb, Mc- 
Donough Co., this State, in Co. H, d 111. Vol. Cav., 
and was mustered in at Springfield, Aug. 12, 1861. 
The first general engagement was at Union City, 

S^enn. ; then at Jackson, La Grange, Memphis, St. 
oseph, Baker's Creek and Vicksburg. Mr. Kidder 
scaped the casualities of the war without receiving 
)any wounds. He was on the Teche and Red River 
Icampaigns, under Gen. Banks, and was discharged 
at Baton Rouge, La., just three years after his en- 
uistment. In politics, he is a Republican. 




t avid Van Gilder, the present Assessor of 
the township of Point Pleasant, was born 
in Hancock Co., Ind., Jan. 26, 1824. He 
was 12 years of age when his parents emi- 
grated to Illinois and became pioneers of Knox 
County. The family removed hither with ox- 
teams and brought all their personal property with 
them. They drove their stock and camped and 
cooked in the style of gipsies. The journey 'was 
Ion? and tedious and was made across the trackless 
country that intervened, and when they were beyond 
the limits of civilization the streams were destitute 
of bridges and all the annoyances increased in pro- 
portion. To the unaccustomed people of the East 
the sloughs were something terrible. 

The father bought land in Knox County and the 
family resided some time in Knoxville, until the head 



of it could get out the timber necessary to build a 
house and make things comfortable for them. The 
first dwelling was a log house and was covered with 
clapboards or "shakes." It had also a puncheon 
floor according to the fashion of those days. The 
furniture of the house was made by the father from 
hewed timber. The parents resided in that county 
until' their deaths, the father in September, 1857, 
and the mother about 1870. 

Mr. Van Gilder resided with his parents until he 
w<is.j!2vwhen he was married to Nancy L. Maxey. 
They lived the following year on the farm of the 
father-in-law in Knox Township, whence they re- 
moved to the northeast portion of the same county 
and bought a farm in the vicinity of La Fayette> 
Stark Co., 111. Mr. Van Gilder retained the posses- 
sion of that place 18 months and then sold out. He 
returned to the township of Knox, where he bought a 
farm and there resided until 1865. He again sold 
out and came thence to Warren County, where he 
located in what seemed to him the best township in 
the county. He established himself permanently by 
uniting his interests with those of the general public, 
buying land and proceeding to add his quota to the 
development of the resources of his property. His 
farm is situated on the northwest quarter of section 
22, Point Pleasant Township, and is in advanced 
"cultivation. The owner has planted a grove of shade- 
trees and a valuable orchard. The buildings are in 
every way suited to the purposes of general farming 
and the place is well enclosed with hedges and is 
cross-fenced. The entire property is in a condition 
to compare favorably with the best farms in the 
county. 

The first wife of Mr. Van Gilder died in 1853, 
leaving four children. James M. lives in Point 
Pleasant Township. S. Annie is married to Alex- 
ander Strickler, of this township. '.Jonathan S. mar- 
ried and left one child, and Mary A. and Ellen are 
now dead. 

In 1858 Mr. Van Gilder was again married, to 
Mary L. Smith. She died in 1864 and left one child, 
who was named Smith Van Gilder. He is a resident 
of Fremont Co., Iowa. In 1865 the subject of this 
sketch was a third time married, to Jennie Axtell, a 
native of Pennsylvania, but was a resident of War- 
ren County at the time of her marriage. She was 
the daughter of Joseph Axtell, who died while on his 
way here in 1840. Mrs. Axtell died here. Mr. and 



- 






y 



WARREN COUNTY. 



Mrs. Van Gilder have four children Myrtie, Charlie 
E., Nellie and Ray M. Both Mr. and Mrs. Van 
Gilder are members of the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. Politically, he is a Republican. 




Teremiah Hoornbeek, residing "on section 
gSHf' 35, Hale Township, where he is engaged 
in the vocation of an agriculturist and 
stock-raiser, is a son of Benjamin and Esther 
(Wilkins) Hoornbeek, natives of New York. 
They were of Holland and English ancestry 
respectively. Mr. H. traces his family back to the 
1 6th century. His father (who was born in Ulster 
County) died Jan. 19, 1841, and [his mother (bom in 
Orange County) died Aug. i, 1854. 

Jeremiah was also born in Ulster County, May 3, 
1824. He received a common-school education in 
his native State and their resided until 1855. In 
December, of that year, Mr. Hoornbeek came to this 
State and located in Hale Township, this county, on 
a farm which he had purchased, consisting of 160 
acres. He at once engaged actively and energetic- 
ally in the improvement and development of his 
land. To-day he has it under an advanced state of 
cultivation'and enhanced in value by the erection of 
good, substantial buildings, and where [he still con- 
tinues to follow the vocation of his life. 

The marriage'.of Mr. Hoornbeek took place in 
Ulster County, N. Y., April 2, 1851, at which time 
Miss Elizabeth Bruyn became his wife. She was a 
daughter of Nathaniel and Cornelia (LeFevre) Bruyn. 

The Bruyn family are of Norwegian descent. Ja- 
cobus Bruyn was the first of that name in this coun- 
try. He came from (Norway and settled in New 
York alout 1660. The LeFevres are of French ex- 
traction and came to this "country about 1670 and 
settled ii Ulster County, New York. 

She was born in Ulster County, N. Y., Dec. 23, 
1827, and i f the children she rfas borne Mr. Hoorn- 
beek six ai. living, namely : Esther, Nathaniel B., 
Adelia C., incline D., John W. and Catherine B. 
Esther is tl. wife of Ira Dean, a resident of Nebras- 
ka, and they_..have two [children, Ralph S. and Ho- 
mer H. N laniel B. is a physician, engaged in 
practice at \,. ungstown, this county. He has two 



children, viz. : Lillian and Clyde. The other chil- 
dren reside at home. 

Mr. Hoornbeek has held the office of School Di- 
rector and Overseer of Highways, and he and his 
wife and children are members of the Presbyterian 
Church. The parents of Mr. Hoornbeek both died 
in Ulster County. The parents of Mrs. H. came to 
this county in 1853, and are at present residing in 
Tompkins Township. In politics, Mr. Hoornbeek 
affiliates with the Democratic party. 

Mr. Hoornbeek is a raiser of fine Durham cattle, 
and has one of the finest herds in the State. Victor, 
recorded in vol. 24, Short-horn- Record, is at the 
head of the herd. He took first premium at the War- 
ren County Fair. Fannie Snqwden stands at the 
head in the cow line. She is recorded in vol. 13, 
page 591, Short-horn Herd Book, and has taken the 
sweepstakes premium for a number of years. The 
herd took premiums at the Warren County Fair in 
the years 1884-5. An excellent view of Mr. Hoorn- 
beek 's farm residence and fine stock, and also Mr., 
Hoornbeek's portrait, accompanies this sketch. 




Phelps, who is the possessor of a 
clear title 10400 acres of good farm land, 
located on section 26, Tompkins Town- 
ship (and the adjoining section) and where 
he resides, following the vocation of an agricul- 
turist, was born Jan. 6, 1836, in New York. The 
parents of Mr. Phelps, Porter and Mary (Reese) 
Phelps, were natives of the same State in which their 
son, DeWitt, was born. They moved therefrom to 
Knox County, 111., in 1836, but in 1837 settled in 
Roseville Township, Warren County, and were con- 
sequently among the pioneer settlers who laid the 
corner-stone of the grandest commonwealth that now 
reflects the brilliancy of our Union's diadem. The 
father there purchased 80 acres of land, which he af- 
terwards increased to 320 acres, residing upon the 
same, engaged in its improvement and cultivation for 
10 years. He then sold his land and moved to Len- 
ox Township, where he purchased 320 acres, on 
which he moved with his family and has since re- 
sided there, following his avocation as a fanner until 
the present time with satisfactory success. 



f 



3i6 



WARREN COUNTY. 



The gentleman whose name we place at the head 
of this notice was an inmate of his father's family for 
25 years. His younger years were spent in acquir- 
ing an education at the common schools and in labor 
on the farm. After attaining the age mentioned, he 
went to California and was there engaged in mining 
and farming for five years. While a resident in the 
far West, he also visited Idaho, and was engaged in 
the livery business. He returned to this State in 
1867, and the following year purchased 240 acres of 
unimproved prairie land, on section 26, Tompkins 
Township, where he has resided until the present 
time. He is engaged in stock raising and general 
farming, and in his chosen vocation is meeting with 
success. He has a fine residence on his farm,' to- 
gether with good barns, fences, etc., and the place is 
greatly beautified by the numerous fruit and orna- 
mental trees which have been made to flourish under 
his careful husbandry. 

The marriage of Mr. Fhelps with Miss Mary A. 
Lewis, a native of this State, was solemnized in 1 87 2, 
and of their union four children, Kathrine L., Mary 
P., Henneth G., and Charles E., have been 
born. Mr. Phelps is a Democrat in his political af- 
filiations, and holds the position of School Director 
in his township. He is also a stockholder in the 
First National Bank of Kirkwood, and is one of the 
leading representative farmers of Tompkins Town- 
ship. 




M. Hamilton, M. D., Coroner of 
Warren County. This talented physician 
and surgeon of Monmouth, a native of 
Darlington, Beaver Co., Pa., and son of Sam- 
uel and Arabella W. (Scroggs) Hamilton, of 
the same State, was born Oct. 23, 1829. At 
the age of 2r years, James Hamilton came from the 
North of Ireland to America, in the first ship that 
landed at Boston after the close of the Revolutionary 
War. He afterward married a young lady that came 
over in the same ship, made his home in Beaver Co., 
Pa., and there reared 15 children. Samuel, one of 
the ten sons, married Miss Aarabella Scroggs, in 
Beaver Co., Pa., where their four sons and five 
daughters were born, two of the former dying in 



childhood, the rest growing to man and womanhood. 
The old gentleman, when about 60 years of age, re- 
moved to Lawrence Co., Pa., and there died in 1872, 
at the age of about 73 years. His widow at this 
writing (September, 1885) is living at New Castle, 
Pa.. His son Lieut. -Col. Thos. J. Hamilton, of the 
looth Pa. Vol. Inf., was killed July r, 1864, during 
the explosion of the mine in front of Petersburg. 

The subject of our sketch was educated at the 
common and high schools of Darlington. When he 
was 1 6 years of age he was taken out of school on 
account of failing health. He thereupon learned the 
trade of saddler and harness-maker in his father's 
shop in Darlington, and continued in the business 
for nearly four years. He then returned to school 
and completed his studies. He began the study of 
medicine, soon after reaching bis majority, under 
Dr. Daniel Leasure, of Westmoreland Co., Pa., at 
New Castle. Entering Jefferson Medical College in 
1851, he graduated in 18153, ar >d relumed to New 
Castle, and the following six years was in partner- 
ship with his old preceptor. In 1858, he reached 
Monmouth, where he at once took rank with the 
foremost of his profession. When the war cloud < 
burst upon the country in 1861, he became Assistant 
Surgeon of the Ninth 111. Regt., raised under the 
three months call for volunteers, but was regularly 
promoted to the position of Brigade Surgeon of U. 
S. A. Volunteers (commissioned at Pittsburg Land- 
ing in November of the same year), and saw service 
at Donelson, Shiloh, siege of Corinth, Tuscumbia, 
Nashville, and was ten months in charge of hospitals 
at Gallatin, Tenn. In November, 1863, on account 
of loss of health, he resigned, returned to Monmouth, 
and the year following to New Castle, Pa., where 
he remained two and a half years, and then again 
returned to Mcnmouth, where he has continued in 
the practice of his profession to the present. 

The Doctor has been for many years an ardent 
member of the Republican party ; in fact he was a 
delegate from New Castle to the Convention at Pitts- 
burg, Pa., in 1856, that nominated John C. Fremont 
for the Presidency and laid the foundation for the 
future greatness of the party. But, while taking an 
active part in politics, he is not a. politician seeking 
office. He is devoted to his profession ; belongs to 
the various medical societies of the American Med- 
ical Association and of the State and county, and 



WARREN COUNTY. 



contributes largely to different journals and periodi- 
cals upon various subjects. 

He was married at Philadelphia, Dec. 25, 1856, to 
Miss Eliza Starrett, native of Maine and daughter of 
the late Rev. David Starrett, of the Congregational 
Church. Their only child, torn in 1859, died in 
infancy. 



-se? *- 




lohn H. Frantz is a settler of Warren 
County of 1857. His farm located on sec- 
lion 22, Spring Grove Township, is one 
of the most attractive in the county. He 
was born Feb. 20, 1836, in Alleghany Co., Md. 
John Frantz, his grandfather, was a native of 
Germany, and settled in the State of Maryland on 
emigrating to America. His father, Solomon Frantz, 
was born in that State, and there married Jane Mc- 
Elroy. A sketch of his life will be found included 
in the biography of Mr. W. H. Frantz. His wife 
was born in Virginia. When the subject of the pres- 
ent notice was 13 years old his father and mother re- 
moved with their family to Perry Co., Ohio. He- 
remained under the parental roof-tree until he reahed 
the age of legal independence when he made his way 
to Warren County. He rented a farm in Spring 
Grove Township, upon which he remained until he 
went to California in 1864. Going to New York in 
February, of that year, from thence by water to Pan- 
ama, he crossed the isthmus and continued by vessel 
to San Francisco. He made but a brief stay in the 
city of the Golden Gate, and turning his face east- 
ward, stopped at Virginia City, Nev. He made his 
headquarters there while operating in the wood busi- 
ness on Carson River. He remahied there until 
August, 1866, when lie turned his face Homeward, 
coming back by the Nicaragua route, and via New 
York, arriving at home on the 151)1 day of Septem- 
ber. As soon as he had become again acclimated, 
he bought 80 acres of land in Warren County, 
which has remained in his possession ever since, and 
which constituted the nucleus of his present farm. 
Entering at once upon the work of improvement, he 
has added to his real estate until he is now the 
owner of 240 acres of land, all of which is fenced 
and under cultivation'. For the past five years Mr. 



Frantz has been engaged in the breeding of thor- 
oughbred Short-horns, and is now the owner of some 
of the finest specimens of this stock in the coun- 
try. He is earnestly giving his attention to the 
propagation of fine stock, having determined to make 
it a specialty in the future operation of his farm work. 
He is a breeder of thoroughbred Clydesdale horses 
and has now about 35 head of horses and colts of 
superior grade, owning also some fine specimens of 
Morgan stock. He proposes to give his attention 
very soon to the breeding of Norman horses. An ex- 
cellent view of Mr. 'Frantz's homestead appears on 
page 258. 

In political connection Mr. Frantz remains, as he 
has always been, a Republican. 

His marriage to Annie M. Porter took place Sept. 
23, j86o. She was bom in the township within the 
borders of which she has, all her life, lived, and is 
the daughter of Joshua and Mary (Tinkham) Porter. 
Her birth occurred March 10, 1838. The children 
now living, that have been born to Mr. and Mrs. 
Frantz are Jessie A., Annie G., Virgie B. and Lillie 
May. They have buried a son, Thatcher Ellsworth, 
and three daughters, Jennie L., Rosa Belle and Bertha 
May. Our subject and his wife are members of the 
Christian Church. He is also a member of the In- 
dependent Order of Odd Fellows. 




O Carr, Jr., one of Warren County's most 
energetic and prosperous farmers as well 
as respected and representative citizens, 
resides on section 13, Roseville Township, and 
is a son of Otho and Nancy (Claycomb) Carr, 
having been born on the place where he now 
resides, Sept. 22, 1841. His parents were natives of 
Breckenridge Co., Ky., the date of the birth of the 
father being Feb. 14, 1805, and the mother, Jan. 14, 
1805. They were among the early settlers here. 
Mr. Carr, Sr., moved to Perry Co., Ind., where he 
married and remained about five years, and then 
came West to this county. The trip was made in 
wagons across the country. He entered 320 acres 
of land here. The cabin Mr. Carr built in 1835 was 
located one-half mile east of the present homestead j 
and here he lived until the present farm residence 



318 



WARREN COUNTY. 



was built, where Mrs. Lucy J. Harris lives. Both Mr. 
and Mrs. Harris were for 40 years members of the 
Christian Church, of Roseville Township. Mr. Carr 
remained on the above place until his death, which 
occurred in 7883, his wife having preceded him to 
the land of eternal happiness two years previously. 
Of their union were born -six children, three of whom 
survive, Redmond, Lucy J. and J. O., the subject 
of this notice. 

J. O. Carr remained at home and was in partner- 
ship with his father and brother until 1875, and his 
success as a farmer and stock-raiser has been more 
than ordinary. Mr. Carr's close attention to busi- 
ness, being accompanied by industry and economy, 
has aided him in obtaining a competency. He is 
the possessor of 360 acres of excellent land in this 
township, and is engaged in raising horses, cattle 
and swine. His farm is valued at $40 per acre. 

Mr. J. O. Carr and Miss Mary E. Cox were united 
in marriage, Dec. 31, 1869. She was born March 
15, 1848, in Ellison To.vnship, this county. Her 
parents were John and Fannelia (Lewis) Cox, na- 
, lives of Illinois and New Jersey respectively, and 
C in 1837 they settled in Ellison Township, where 
they made a purchase of 160 acres of land. Both 
died in this county. 

Mr. and Mrs. Carr have had their home bright- 
ened by the birth of five children, three daughters 
and two sons, as follows : Fannelia N., Nettie L. 
and William O. James E. and Mary E. are at 
home. Mr. Carr is a Democrat in political opinion, 
and with his wife and two daughters belongs to the 
Christian Church. Mr. Carr is one of the substan- 
tial and representative men of Warren County. 



j( mos B. Billings. Among the well known 
and prosperous farmers, who in their early 
years entered actively and energetically 
in the pursuit of tilling the soil, and thereby 
accumulated sufficient of this world's goods to 
enable them to spend the sunset of their 
lives in peace and comfort, is Mr. Amos B. Billings. 
He is a resident of Kirkwood and is a son of Justis 
and Sarah (Alice) Billings, and was born in 
Lewis County, the Empire State, Jan. 10, 1811. His 
parents were natives of Connecticut, and in the year 




1804 moved to New York and located in Lewis 
County, where they remained, having purchased 
land, until their death, occurring respectively on the 
last day of July and the nth of August, in the year 
1847. 

Amos B. made the home of his parents his abid- 
ing place until he reached majority, then worked out 
by the month for six years, at the expiration of which 
time he again resided on his father's farm and took 
charge of the same, also caring for his parents until 
the hand of death severed them. During his early 
life he had acquired a good English education and 
when opportunity presented itself, his father had him 
assist in the duties of the farm, so our subject was 
thoroughly initiated in the life of an agriculturist 
when left to earn his own living. He was, there- 
fore, well prepared for entering upon the task of the 
improvement of his farm of 160 acres, which he had 
purchased in Illinois, having sold his father's home- 
stead in 1864, and emigrated westward. His tract 
was located on section n, Tompkins Township, his 
present site, and upon this he has erected all neces- 
sary farm outbuildings and improved the same until 
at the present time it is in an advanced state of cul- 
tivation. He resided there until 1879, when he re- 
tired from his farm and bought a house and lot in 
Kirkwood village, where he has since resided. 

Miss Eleanor Mott, a native of Oneida Co., N. Y., 
and a daughter of Elias and Lucretia (Shear) Mott, 
was married to Mr. Amos B. Billings in 1840. Her 
parents were natives of New Jersey and Massachu- 
setts respectively. Mr. and Mrs. B.'s family comprise 
the following named children: Amelia A. was born 
March 16, 1841 ; Ellen J., born Sept. 4, 1842; Em- 
ily L., born Aug. 10, 1844; Mary L., born Dec. 15, 
1845 ; Theodore J., born Aug. T3, 1847; Alfred E., 
born June 7, 1853. Emily L. is now deceased, hav- 
ing died Feb. 8, 1880. " Amelia A. married William 
Starr, March 16, 1864. Six children was the result 
of this marriage, Emory, Susan E. and Elmer. Ma- 
tilda E., Chancy A. and Harriet are deceased. Mr. 
Starr died Nov. 14, 1874. Mrs. S. was again mar- 
ried Oct. 6, 1881, to Ferine Holman. One child has 
blessed this union, Alida. Mr. and Mrs. H. are 
now living in this township. Ellen J. married James 
L. Perkins, Dec. 24, 1862, and is now living in Gales- 
burg. Emily L. married Jesse E. Lamphere, Dec. 
14, 1865. They had two children, Ralph and Grant. 



t'l 




RESIDENCE OF JACOB SHAWLER .SEC. 12 . LENOX TOWNSHIP. 




CLEVELAND 




RESIDENCE OF JEREMIAH HOORNBEE K SEC, 35, HALE TOWNSHIP. 



- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



321 



Mary L. married Peter Burns, March 14, 1872, and 
is now living at Monmouth. Theodore J. married 
Sophrona Lamphere, Oct. 6, 1870. One child has 
been the result of this marriage, Minnie. Alfred E. 
married Emma Yeomans, Jan. n, 1877. Two chil- 
dren have been born to them, Jennie and Charles. 
Jennie is now deceased. 

Mr. B. with hts wife belongs to the Methodist 
Episcopal Church, and is regarded as one of the 
leading and substantial men of Warren County. In 
his political affiliations, he is a Republican. 







acob Shawler. Among the early settlers 
of Warren County, having come here in 
the year 1847, is Mr. Jacob Shawler, an 
energetic, prosperous and representative citizen 
of this county, where, on section 12, Lenox 
Township, he is engaged extensively in agri- 
cultural pursuits. The date of his birth is Dec. 16, 
1826, and he is a native of Edmonson Co., Ky. 
James B. and Eva (Duvall) Shawler, his parents, 
were natives of Kentucky, where his mother died. 
To them five children' were born, all of whom reached 
the age of maturity. All are now deceased except 
Jacob and one sister. His father afterward removed 
to Warren County and settled in Floyd Township, 
having re-married before he left Kentucky. His 
second union was blessed with a family of 1 1 chil- 
dren, six of whom are now living. He subsequently 
removed to Swan Township, where he died. 

Jacob was the second of a family of five children, 
and came to this county in the autumn of 1847. For 
three years he made his home in Floyd Township, 
when he sold his property there and moved into 
Lenox Township, where he has since remained and 
is one of the most highly respected and influential 
men in the township. In his business enterprises 
he has experienced an unusual degree of prosperity, 
and to-day owns 500 acres of land in Warren County 
and 200 acres in Kansas. He has erected upon the 
home farm an excellent class of buildings specially 
adapted to agricultural pursuits. The barn is a very 
commodious structure and a model building of its 
kind. 

On March i, 1852, after Mr. Shawler had moved 



into Lenox Township, he was married there to Julia 
A. Ray, who was also a native of Kentucky, where 
she was born June 30, 1833. Five sons have risen 
to bless their home, all of whom are living. Thomp- 
son B., married, resides in Lenox Township; John 
O. and Algernon S. H. live in Swan Township ; 
Philemon and Jesse are with their parents. Both 
Mr. and Mrs. S. are members of the Baptist Church 
at Union. In his political belief, Mr. S. is a holder 
of independent views. 

Our subject now ranks among the large stock 
raisers and feeders of the township. When he first 
settled in this county he could claim but little of this 
world's goods, and he is able to point with pride to 
his present possessions as the result of well applied 
industry and sound judgment. He to-day enjoys a 
very comfortable competence and is properly recog- 
nized as one of the public-spirited citizens of the 
community. A view of his elegant and commodious 
homestead is one of our pictorial features, and will 
be found page 320. 




- 



K. Cummings, retired from a life of mer- 
jj" cantile pursuits, and spending the closing 
years of his life in peace and quiet at Kirk- 
wood, is a native of Scotland, having been bom 
in that country July 4, 1813. The parents of 
Mr. Cummings, Israel W. and Susanna (Kerr) 
Cummings, were natives of Massachusetts and Scot- 
land respectively. Th_e father was a sailor in his 
younger years, and from his native country he went 
to Scotland, where he was married and where the 
subject of this notice was born. In 1828, the father 
with his family came to the United States, and for 
a time resided in the father's native State, Massa- 
chusetts. He then moved his family to Maine, 
where for ten years he was engaged in farming. In 
1837, the father sold his landed possessions in the 
latter State and with his family came to this State, 
locating in Fulton County, where the father pur- 
chased 192 acres of land. He moved on the land 
with his family and at once engaged in the laborious 
task of improving it, by cultivation, the erection of a 
residence, the setting out of trees, etc., and there 



322 



WARREN COUNTY. 



continued to reside until his death, which event 
took place in 1854. 

The gentleman whose name we give at the begin- 
ning of this biographical notice, was an inmate of 
the parental household until J he attained the age of 
20 years, having received a fair education in the 
district schools. At this age in life, he engaged to 
learn the carpenter's trade, at which he served ap- 
prenticeship of three years, fully and completely 
mastering the same, after which he followed his 
trade in Fulton County from 1838 to 1856, a period 
of 1 8 years. 

Mr. Cummings came to Warren County in 1855 
and in 1856 moved to Kirkwood. In 1859, he en- 
gaged in the grocery business at that place, and was 
thus occupied for 1 2 years. He then sold out and 
began the hardware business and followed that for 
five years, when, in 1878, he sold the same, and 
since that time has lived a life of comparative retire- 
ment, doing nothing except a little insurance busi- 
ness. He is the proprietor of a farm of 162 acres, 
one mile and a half from Kirkwood, and is enjoying 
the comforts which a life of business activity coupled 
with energy has acquired. 

In 1836, Mr. Cummings married Miss Mary Eve- 
leth in Kennebec Co., Maine, she being the daughter 
of Joseph and Eunice (Jennings) Eveleth, four chil- 
dren being the result of this union, Susan Jane and 
James H., Melissa E. and Eunice A., who are de- 
ceased. Mrs. C. died in the year of 1878. Mr. 
Cummings again formed a matrimonial alliance with 
Miss Eliza Bowen in 1879, a native of Ohio. 

In politics, Mr. Cummings votes with the Repub- 
lican party. He has held the offices of Assessor and 
Collector of Tompkins Township, and is one of the 
honored and respected citizens of Warren County. 




fames W. Van Tasell, farmer on section 1 3, 
\fc of Lenox Township, is a son of Isaac and 
Phebe D. (Corgill) Van Tasell. (See sketch 
of Isaac Van Tasell in this volume.) James W. 
was born in Kendall Co., 111., Nov. 6, 1855. 
He received a good common-school education 
and has all his life been engaged in agricultural pur- 
suits. He was about four years of age when his par 



ents came to Warren County. His marriage occurred 
in Lenox Township, Sept. 9, 1880, to Catherine Ball. 
She is the daughter of Frederick and Elizabeth 
(Wurgler) Ball, natives of Germany. The family 
emigrated to Canada, where the father died. His 
widow survives. Mrs. Van Tasell was the third of a 
family of five children born to them. She was born 
in Canada, April 4, 1859. Mr. and Mrs. Van Tasell 
are the parents of one child, Loui I. Mr. Van Tasell 
in political affairs is a Republican. 




^arrison Meachum, a farmer pursuing his 
vocation on section 33, Berwick Township, 
was born in Onondaga Co., N. Y., March 
23, 1818, and is a son of Calvin Meachum, who 
, was likewise born in York State, in 1790, and 
I who received his death from being thrown from 
a spirited horse. He lived some 24 hours after the 
accident, and at the date of his demise was 40 years 
old. The father was united in marriage to Miss 
Sally Huntley in 1812. She was born in New York 
in 1792, and died in 1876, in Livingston Co., N. Y. 
They were the parents of eight children, four sons 
and four daughters, and who were named Enos, 
Porter, Harrison, George, Sally, Hannah, Mary and 
Eliza. The latter married Mr. Ferris, a resident of 
Kansas City, and died at Mt. Morris, Livingston 
Co., N. Y., in 1878. 

Harrison Meachum, the subject of this sketch, 
came to this State in 1854, and located in Floyd 
Township, this county, where he remained for four 
years, until 1858, when he removed to Berwick 
Township and there bought 1 1 2 acres of good land, 
with a number of small improvements upon the 
same. He located upon his land and at once en- 
gaged upon the arduous task of its improvement and 
cultivation, and by energy and economy has added 
to his original purchase until he is the proprietor of 
260 acres. 

The life of Mr. Meachum has been one of activity 
and he now has his fine farm under an advanced 
state of cultivation, and is also devoting considerable 
of his time to the raising of stock. He has some 40 
head of cattle on his place, with room for 60 head, 
and makes the Jerseys a specialty. 

The marriage of Mr. Meachum to Miss Cornelia 



WARREN COUNTY. 



3*3 



Landoii, took place April i, 1840. She was born 
May 16, 1821, in New Jersey, and moved to York 
State in 1831, where she resided until her marriage. 
The issue of their union has been six children, 
John, William, Harrison S., Mary, Lydia and Bertie. 
Lydia became the wife of Andy Willard, and died in 
1875; Bertie married Martin Simmons, and died in 
1881 ; Mary was married to Harry Murphy, who re- 
sides in Avon. 

Ebenezer Landon, father of Mrs. Meachum, was 
born in New York in 1793, and died in 1877. He 
married Miss Lettie Rich, a. native of Halifax, in 
1816. She was born in 1800 and came to the State 
of New York when quite small. The father of Eb- 
enezer Landon, John Landon, served in the War of 
1812. Mrs. Meachum's mother is still living, and 
resides in Berwick village. Her parents' family con- 
sisted of six children, namely: Henry, Joseph, 
Frederick, John, Lettie and Martha, and of her 
marriage with Ebenezer Landon nine children were 
I f born as follows : Cornelia, Mary, Martin, Susan, 
i John, Martha, Thomas, Isaac and Elizabeth, only 
| four of whom are at present living. 

Mr. and Mrs. Meachum have the following grand- 
children : Frederick, John Riley, Perly, Lucina, 
Laura Belle,. John, Allie, Cornelia, Cloy and John 
Willard. 

Mr. Meacham, in his political opinions, favors the 
principles advocated by the Greenback party. In 
days past he belonged to the old line Whig, then 
voted with the Republican party, but since the 
former party sprung into existence, has voted with it. 

^ . ^ <:> ~ . 




:enjamin T. Kettering, a resident of this 
county since 1853 and one of the large 
land-owners of Monmouth Township, re- 
sides on section 27. He was born in Cum- 
berland Co., Pa., April 16, 1820. The father 
of Mr. Kettering was a native of the same 
State as his son and was of German parentage. He 
was married in his native State to Mary Thompson, 
a lady of American parentage and Scotch descent. 
After their marriage, they resided in Chambersburg, 
Franklin Co., Pa., for a time, when they moved to 
Cumberland County, that State. Their family con- 
sisted of eight children. 

Mr. Kettering was next to the youngest in order 



of his parents' children. He lived on the parental 
homestead, attending the common schools and work- 
ing on the farm, thereby assisting in the mainten- 
ance of his family and acquiring a fair English 
education, until he attained the age of 24 years. In 
1853, he came West and located in Warren County, 
since which time he has continued to reside here. 
The parents came to this county soon afterward and 
remained until their death. On arriving in this 
county, Mr. Kettering, of this sketch, first began to 
work as a general laborer. His capital at the 
time amounted to the sum of $2.50, and he was con- 
sequently compelled to engage in work for a living. 
Prior to attaining his majority Mr. K. had learned 
the trade of his father, that of shoemaking, but on 
coming to this State and county, he chose a differ- 
ent vocation, that of farming, which he has followed 
until the present time. 

Feb. 8, 1858, five years after his arrival in this 
county, Mr. Kettering was united in marriage to 
Mrs. Melinda Murphy, nee Clacomb. She was a na- , 
tive of Kentucky, in which State she was born Dec. 
5, 1825, and came herewith her mother and brother, . 
her father having died in Kentucky. She continued 
to reside with her mother in this county, assisting her ; 
in the household duties and attending the com- 
mon schools, until her marriage to Mr. Murphy. 
He died a few years after that event, leaving two 
children to the care of his wife, both of whom have 
since died, namely: T. Frantz Murphy and Ella O., 
whose demise occurred when she was a young lady. 
Of the later union, three children have been born : 
Hattie B.; Milton A., who resides o.i a farm near 
Kirkwood, this count/"; Philo E. was married to Sina 
Frantz, and follows the occupation of farming in this 
township. 

After their marriage, Mr. and Mrs. Kettering lo- 
cated on the homestead which Mrs. Kettering owned 
previous to their marriage, consisting of a little more 
than 100 acres, on which they are residing at the 
present time. 

Mr. Kettering, by energetic labor and economy, 
coupled with good judgment and perseverance, has 
since added to the original homestead until at pres- 
ent the same consists of 400 acres of as good farm 
land as can be found in Warren County. It is all 
adjoined and has thereon a good residence, barn and 
substantial outbuildings, and is regarded as one of 
the best farms, not only in Monmouth Township, but 



324 



WARREN COUNTY. 



in the county. In his chosen vocation, agriculture, 
Mr. Kettering has met with more than ordinary suc- 
cess, and the same is attributable to his indomitable 
energy and perseverance, coupled with the active co- 
operation of his good helpmeet. In addition to the 
cultivation of his land he has been and is devoting 
considerable time to the raising of stock, in which 
department of his vocation he is also meeting with 
success. He and his wife are consistent and active 
members of the Christian Church. Mr. K. is a 
Trustee and Deacon of that Church at Momouth, 
and has been Treasurer of it for some time. In a 
political sense, Mr. Kettering votes with, and believes 
in the principles advocated by, the Republican party. 



i,yrus Q. Rankin, one of the large land- 
owners of Tompkins Township, as well as 
successful farmers of Henderson County, 
residing in retirement at his home on section 
25, Tompkins Township, is a native of Sulli- 

^ van Co., Ind., where he was born in 1832. 
William and Elizabeth (Gross) Rankin, his parents, 
were natives of Pennsylvania and South Carolina 
respectively. After their marriage, in 1830, they 
emigrated to this State and located in Henderson 
County, where the father purchased 1,000 acres of 
land, and resided on the same for 40 years. He 
then moved to Monmouth, Warren County, and 
there passed his remaining days in peace and quiet, 
retired from the active labors of life, and where he 
died in 1873. Three years Sater his beloved wife, 
who had accompanied him through all the trials of 
the past, followed him to that better land, her de- 
mise occurring in 1876. 

The gentleman whose name stands at the begin- 
ning of this biographical notice, remained with his 
parents until he attained his majority, in the mean- 
time receiving an education in the common schools. 
On becoming his own man, he began to trade in 
stock and land, and was thus occupied until he be- 
came 24 years of age, when he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss M. T. Reynolds, a native of Ohio. 
Before his marriage, he purchased 240 acres of land 
in Olena Township, Henderson County, on which he 
moved with his family and was occupied in its im- 
provement and cultivation for 17 years. During 




these years, by hard labor and economy, he accum- 
ulated sufficient to enable him to add 620 acres to 
his original purchase. He then, in 1873, came to 
this county and for two years resided at Monmouth, 
where he had purchased a residence and lot. In 
1874, he purchased 480 acres of land in Tompkins 
Township, where he removed in 1875, and has re- 
sided on the same until the present time. He has 
a $5,000 residence on his farm, together with three 
barns and good, substantial outbuildings, and the 
farm presents an appearance indicative of energy 
and perseverance on the part of its proprietor. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Rankin, five in 
number, are named Elizabeth A., born July 27, 1857 ; 
Reynolds P., Aug. 10, 1863; Elijah A., Oct. 22, 
1865 ; Minnie A., Feb. 18, 1869; Edith O.,Feb. 13, 
1878. Elizabeth was united in marriage with K. D. 
Bridenthal, and they have become the parents of 
one child Cyrus W. Elijah A. married Miss Ada 
Beers, and they have one son, named Earl. 

Mr. Rankin is a believer in and a supporter of the, 
principles of the Republican party. In religious be- 
lief, he and his wife both endorse the tenets of the 
United Presbyterian Church, to which denomination 
they belong. Mr. Rankin, truly speaking, is one of 
the leading representative men of his line of busi- 
ness in Warren County, and his success as an agri- 
culturist and trader is indicative of his own good 
good judgment and energy. 




.avid S. Billingsley, owning 80 acres of 
land in Berwick Township, and residing at 
Berwick village, where he is engaged in 
hotel business, and also to some extent in 
dealing in fine horses and roadsters. He was 
born in Monongalia Co., W. Va., Sept. 28, 
i8r2, and is a son of Samuel Billingsley, who was 
born near Baltimore, Md., in 1778. The latter 
moved to Virginia, when he was 12 years of age, 
and there, in Monongalia County, resided, follow- 
ing the vocation of an agriculturist until his death, 
which occurred in 1850. He was married to Miss 
Elizabeth Snider, a native of Virginia. She bore her 
husband 13 children, whose names were John, Sias, 
Tobitha, Maria, Samuel, David, Thornton, Louisa, 



3- 












-K, - 




WARRE1 



r 






Warren, Eugene, Malinda, Mary and Morgan. The 
wife and mother died in her native State, in 1862. 

David Billingsley, of whom we write, came West 
April ii, 1855, and located in Warren County. He 
was married to Elizabeth Barrick, March 16, 1836, 
in Virginia, Rev. Wood, of the Baptist Church, offi- 
ciating. She was born Sept. 8, 1814, in Hampshire 
Co., and bore her husband nine children, four of 
whom are living. The record of their births are as 
follows: Eliza Ann, torn Feb. 15, 1837; Louisa, 
born April 15, 1839; Henry F., April 15, 1841; 
David Luther, Oct. 23, 1843; Mary, Jan. 14, 1845; 
Martha, June 9, 1847; Samuel, in August, 1840; 
Louisa, in 1852; Jane, June 27, 1855. 

The father of Mrs. Billingsley, Henry Barrick, 
was born in Hancock Co., Va, in 1787, and married 
Miss Catherine Wetzel about 1812. She was born 
in 1795, in Maryland, and she and her husband were 
both of German descent. Their family comprised 
ten children Elizabeth M., Anna, Peter S., Henry, 
Isaiah, James M., John W., George and Mary. The 
father died in 1865, -in Virginia, and the mother in 
October, 1868. 

Mr. Billingsley is engaged in the hotel business at 
Berwick village, as above stated. He is an admirer 
of fine horses, and has done much to develop this 
noble animal in this part of the county. He also 
cultivates his farm, and as a business man and genial 
landlord, is regarded as one of the foremost men not 
only in Berwick village but also of the county. 




ohn C. Turnbull, a retired farmer, pass- 
ing the declining years of his life in quiet 
ease and retirement at Roseville, this 
county, is a native of Maryland, having been 
born near Baltimore, Nov. 18, 1812. Mr. 
Turnbull removed with his parents to New 
Albany, Ind., when about six years of age (or in 
1818). His father, John Turnbull, was born in 
Maryland, Dec. 27, 1780, and died in Jackson Co., 
Ind., March 28, 1840, in his 6oth year. His mother, 
Mary (Tonahill) Turnbull, was born in Virginia, Jan. 
14, 1777, and died March 29, 1820, near New Al- 
bany, Floyd Co., Ind. They were married July 12, 
1801, and of their union five children were born, 
only two of whom at present survive, Mrs. Gossett 
and John C., the subject of this notice. 



The gentleman, whose life's history is herein 
briefly summarized, was an inmate of the parental 
household until 17 years of age, having received 
what education he acquired in the common schools. 
After leaving home he worked out by the day and 
month until the spring of 1835. He then rented a 
farm in Jackson Co., Ind., which he cultivated until 
1850, when lie purchased 210 acres of land and was 
engaged in its cultivation until Sept. 19, 1865. At 
this date he came to Illinois and located in Warren 
County, where he purchased 480 acres of land on 
sections 20 and 21, Roseville Township, and con- 
tinued to reside upon the same until 1872. He then 
moved into Roseville, and purchased a lot, erecting 
there on a fine residence, in which he has since 
continued tc reside. 

In politics, Mr. Turnbull is a Republican. Reli- 
giously, he and his wife belong to the Baptist Church. 
He is a gentleman whose accumulation of this 
world's goods has been acquired through his own 
energy, perseverance and good judgment, and is one 
of the respected and influential citizens of Warren 
County. Mr. Turnbull has been sadly unfortunate 
in his married relations, having lost by death two 
companions. The maiden name of his present wife 
was Elizabeth Crane, a native of Jackson Co., Ind., 
their marriage occurring Oct. 19, 1865. His first 
wife, to whom he was married in Jackson Co., Ind., J 
Jan. r i, ,1835, was a Miss Rhoda Ann K. Crane, a 
native of New York State. She died in July, 1859. 
By this wife he became the father of an only son, 
John C., born Aug. 29, 1841, in Jackson Co., Ind., 
who, in 1870, married Susan Gordley, of Brown Co., 
III., by whom he has two children Warren and 
Franklin. 




arah J. Chatterton, owning 120 acres of 
good farm land, located on section 25, 
Greenbush Township, "where she resides, 
is the widow of Lewis B. Chatterton, who was 
born in New York, April 30, 1827, and came 
to this State in 1836 with his parents and lo- 
cated with them two miles east of Avon, in Fulton 
County. He was the son of Cornelius and Lucy 
(Ball) Chatterton, natives of New York, but of English 
extraction. The father was a farmer by occupation. 
Lewis B. was educated at the common schools of 






.-528 



ry; 

WARREN COUNTY. 



Galesburg, 111. When the " California gold fever '' 
became epidemic, he was one of the first to yield to its 
seductive influence, and forthwith hastened to that 
auriferous country, where he remained five years. 
A portion of his time while there was occupied in 
farming. He was united in marriage with Miss 
Sarah J. Wells ; Aug. 20, 1857, Rev. Reed, of Peoria, 
officiating. She was born Nov. 25, 1838, in Fulton 
County, 111., (near Avon), being the daughter of 
James a. d Roxanna (Stowell) Wells, natives of New 
York. Mrs. Chatterton's parents died while she was 
was very young. She bore unto her husband nine 
children, namely: Freddie, born Sept. 20, 1859; 
Chester J., born Feb. 16, 1861 ; Bessie E., June 2, 
1863; Harry L., Nov. 2, 1865; George W., Aug. 25, 
1877; Willie, June 10, 1870; Carrie L., Oct. 25, 
1871 ; Henry K., July 25, 1884; Clarence O., Dec. 
5, 1876. Bessie E. married J. W. Kinross. They 
are living in Avon, Fulton County, this State, and 
are the parents of one child, Nealy W. Kinross. 

Mrs. Chatterton, since the death of her husband, 
continues to reside on the home farm, which is under 
an advanced state of cultivation, and with the as- 
sistance of her children, is conducting the same with 
marked ability and with well merited success. Her 
place is well supplied with good farm buildings, and 
last year she disposed of $1,000 worth of stock. Her 
husband was a Republican in politics, and in relig- 
ion, a member of the Universalist Church, as is 
likewise Mrs. Chatterton. Her husband died May 
19, 1884, on the old homestead. 

A portrait of Mr. Chatterton appears on page 326. 




sn. Azro Patterson, deceased. The Mon- 
mouth Weekly Review on Friday morning, 
June 30, 1782, contained 'the following fit- 
ting obituary of one who was for many years 
one of the most highly esteemed citizens of this 
county: "Azro Patterson died at his residence 
in this city, of Bright's disease of the kidneys, Satur- 
day evening, June 24, 1882, at 7:15 o'clock, aged 63 
years, 5 months." 

No death has occurred in Monmouth in the last 
quarter of a century that has caused such universal 






sorrow among all classes of citizens high and low, 
rich and poor, young and old as the decease of Azro 
Patterson, and none will be more keenly missed from 
our midst, particularly by the poor and unfortunate, 
whose fast friend he was at all times and under all 
circumstances. 

Mr. Patterson was born in Stowe, Vt., Feb. IT, 
1819. At the age of six years, with his father's 
family, he moved from Vermont to Ashtabula, Ohio, 
where he resided till he was 19 years old, when, in 
company with a young man named Williams, and 
about the same age, he started for the West to work 
out his own fortunes and way through the world. He 
reached Monmouth in 1837, and as there was no 
railroad and but few facilities for travel in this coun- 
try at that early day, he walked all the way from 
Ashtabula to Monmouth, carrying his scanty pos- 
sessions in a bundle on his back, and stopped with 
his brother-in-law, R. N. Allen, who lived in an old 
log house where his present residence stands. Dur- 
ing the winter of 1837 he clerked in a dry goods . 
store in a little frame house on the northwest corner 
of the square, under what was known as the " old 
cottonwood tree," for General McAlle.i. The next 
summer he worked in a brick-yard for Erastus Rice, t 
whom the early settlers well remember, and helped 
make the brick of which our old court house is built. 
Then he taught school at " Allen's Grove," in Ber- 
wick township, and was very popular as a teacher 
among the scholars and old settlers. In r839 he 
went into the employ of S. S. Phelps, of Oquawka, 
and had charge of the Indian trading store not far 
from Iowa City, Iowa, and remained in the employ of 
Mr. Phelps for a number of years. 

In 1845 he was married to Miss Harriet Strong, at 
Ashtabula, Ohio, and returned to Monmouth with his 
bride. Her health failing her here, he started back 
to her home with her, but she died at Beaver, Pa., 
on the journey. She lived only seven months after 
their 'marriage. 

In 1848, and while residing at Oquawka, he was 
elected State Senator from the i7th district. Gilbert 
Turnbull, of Henderson, and A. C. Harding, of War- 
ren, were the members of the lower house. In 1850 
he was elected a member of the lower house of the 
Illinois Legislature from Henderson and Warren 
Counties. He was elected on the Democratic ticket, 
the contest being between Democrats and Whigs. 
He was never a candidate for any public position 



WARREN COUNTY. 



3 2 9 



after thai, although entreated times without number 
by his political and personal friends to allow the use 
of his name for important public trusts. 

In October, 1849, he was married to the accom- 
plished Christian lady, Miss Mary Babcock, daugh- 
ter of an old and valued citizen, E. C. Babcock (see 
sketch). 

To Azro and Mary Patterson four children were 
born three of whom died in infancy and but one 
son, Henry, survives. He is endowed with the ster- 
ling qualities of his parents. 

After serving in the legislature, Mr. P. located per- 
manently in Monmouth, and formed a partnership 
with C. L. Armsby and Jerry Massie in the dry goods 
trade. They occupied the old frame building that 
stood north of the Monmouth National Bank building, 
and afterwards moved to the building now occupied 
by George Babcock, which was built by Mr. Massie. 

In 1853 he formed a partnership with his brother- 
in-law, R. N. Allen, in the dry goods trade, which 
' continued two years. Mr. Allen then retired from 
business, and Mr. Patterson continued the trade in a 
1 frame building that stood on the corner of Broadway 

I and East streets, where the Second National Bank 
now stands. Some time after Mr. Patterson sold his 
stock of goods to Major Holt, who continued the 
business a short time. He again formed a partner- 
ship with N. A. Rankin and L. S. Wallace, and car- 
ried on the dry goods trade in the building now oc- 
cupied by the Spriggs Bros., as a drug store, on the 
south side of the square. This partnership continued 
some time, when Mr. Patterson permanently retired 
from the dry goods trade, and devoted himself ntore 
particularly to real estate transactions. 

Of Mr. Patterson's father's family there survive 
him his only brother, Edwin Patterson, and Mrs. R. 
N. Allen, of Monmouth, and Mrs. S. S. Phelps, Mrs. 
Dr. Park, Mrs. Asa Smith, of Oquawka, all of whom 
were present at the funeral except Mrs. Phelps. 

The large throng who were present at the funeral 
from the town and county and from neighboring 
places, who met around his coffin to pay their last 
tribute of love and homage to his memory, but feebly 
express the veneration in which Azro Patterson was 
held in this community, where he had spent the 
prime of his manhood, and had accomplished so 
much good. His whole life, his noble deeds, are a 
model for young men, particularly in humble circum- 
stances, to pattern after and emulate. 



In the proper adjustment of estates, in the settle- 
ment of differences between man and man, and 
" pulling men through," as it were, who had become 
cramped and unfortunate in business transactions, 
he perhaps did more than any other man in the 
county. His sound judgment and advice was sought 
by many, yea, scores of men in Monmouth and through- 
out the county, in their hours of misfortune and 
trouble, and they never failed of his tender sympathy, 
his generous heart, his open hand. 

He was ever the steadfast friend of the unfortun- 
ate, the poor and the needy, and to him they went 
as to a father. He visited the widow and the father- 
less in their afflictions, he fed the hungry, he clothed 
the naked, he bound up the wounds of the broken- 
hearted and disconsolate, he buried the dead, he ac- 
complished all the good for his fellowmen that he 
could what more could mortal man do? 

He was very decided in his political and religious 
views, and entertained them honestly and fearlessly, 
and though others differed with him on these mat- 
ters, they honored him for the steadfastness with 
which he clung to what he thought was right. 

In his death this community has suffered a loss 
that connot be supplied. As a citizen he was inter- 
ested in all public affairs, and brought to their con- 
sideration an intelligence, coupled with a judgment 
of such native accuracy, as rarely permitted the pos- 
sibility of error. As a business man his character 
was integrity itself, and to himself, and to all who 
knew him, his word was as good as his bond. In 
matters of public spirit, his heart and purse were 
open and generous, and enterprises of worth and 
character never sought his aid in vain. As a bene- 
factor of the poor and distressed, his reputation is 
enviable indeed, as many who received his assistance 
will rejoice to remember. Not a few who thought 
their business affairs hopelessly entangled, and them- 
selves and families ruined, sought and received his 
aid, and through his rare business qualities found 
themselves relieved from embarassment, and the 
possessors still of home .and shelter. All these things 
he did from pure, charitable motives, and not for re- 
muneration. As a friend he was true as the needle 
to the pole; generous, unselfish and abiding. As a 
husband and father, he was as affectionate and ten- 
der as a child, and will be missed from his pleasant 
home beyond words to express. 

Mr. Patterson began life a poor boy, but long be- 






33 



WARREN COUNTY. 



fore his death, he was able to retire from active 
business with a handsome and fixed income. His 
parents, Lewis P. and Lucy (Bushnell) Patterson de- 
scended respectively from Irish and Scotch ancestry. 
His early education was limited to such as could be 
acquired at the common schools of his day, but he 
suffered not from that account. Those who knew 
him in his mature manhood knevv him as an educat- 
ed man, for from the variety of his opportunity and 
experience he had learned much. 




I; aul Brent, owning 200 acres of land on 
section 8, Ellison Township, and one of the 
successful farmers as well as respected and 
honored citizens of Warren County, is a native 
of Virginia, having been born in Lancaster 
Co., that State, June 5, 1831. The father of 
Mr. Brent of this notice, Kenner Brent, Sr., was a 
native of Virginia, where he was engaged in farming, 
and where he was united in marriage with Miss 
Elizabeth Brent, also a native Virginian. They came 
West in 1836, and settled in Ellison Township, this 
county, when the same was in its natural condition 
anH the hand of civilization was hardly visible. He 
nevertheless procured some land on which he located 
and at once set about breaking and improving the 
same, and at one time owned more than 400 acies. 
He continued to reside in Ellison Township, follow- 
ing his chosen vocation, until Nov. 27, 1878, when 
he passed to the land of the hereafter. His wife had 
preceded him, in 1854. 

Paul Brent, the gentleman of whom we write, is 
one of 14 children born to his parents. He resided 
with them until his marriage, which occurred in 
Monmouth, this county, Aug. 13, 1857. The lady 
who became his wife was Miss Phebe Moore, 
daughter of Andrew and Margaret (Cleckner) Moore, 
natives of Pennsylvania. Her father was a carpen- 
ter by trade. 

Mrs. Brent was born Oct. 9, 1836, in Ohio, to 
which State her parents had moved soon after their 
marriage. They came West in 1842, to Ellison 
Township, this county, where, a few weeks after ar- 
rival (Dec. 28, 1842), her father died. Her mother 



was a second lime married, the name of her hus- 
band being John Brown, a native of South Carolina, 
and an uncle of Gen. Burnside. Her step-father 
and mother lived in Ellison Township until their 
death, Mrs. Brent, wife of the subject of this notice, 
living with them. Mr. and Mrs. Brent have become 
the parents of 12 children, seven of whom are liv- 
ing. The living are: Ida A., Vesper M., Elias G., 
Eva G., Jessie C., Paul, Jr. and Harry. The 
names of the deceased are: Oreo E., Marvin M., 
David L., Minnie and Edwin. 

After Mr. and Mrs. Brent were married, they set- 
tled on a farm of 40 acres of raw prairie land, and by 
their united labors and economy, they have increased 
their landed possessions in Ellison Township until 
they at present own 200 acres of well improved land 
and ten acres of timber. They are living on their 
farm, enjoying the sweets of life after having tasted 
of the bitter during their years of toil in the past. 
Mr. Brent also devotes considerable of his time to 
the raising of stock, Poland China hogs and Short- ' 
horn cattle. He and his wife, together with some of 
his children, are members of the Methodist Epis- 
copal Church. In politics, Mr. B. casts his vote with 
the Republican party. 




.amuel E. Grooms, a resident of this county 
since 1855, and the proprietor of 280 acres 
of as good tillable land as can be found in 
Lenox Township, where, on section 20, he re- 
sides, is a son of Brice and Margaret (Jack- 
son) Grooms, natives of Pennsylvania. The 
parents died in their native State and the children 
born of their union were seven in number, namely : 
Hamilton, Mary M., Samuel E., Martha A., Leroy 
W, Elizabeth and William H. 

Samuel E. Grooms, whose name heads this bio- 
graphical notice, was born in Greene Co., Pa., July 
7, 1835, where he lived until about 20 years of age, 
in the meantime attending school in the acquisition 
of an English education and assisting his father on 
the farm. In the year 1855, Samuel E. came to 
Warren County, and later, in 1864, removed to 
Lenox Township, where he has since resided, mak- 



tl 



:..*& 



ESIDENCE ON StC..8 



FARM PROPERTY OF D. J. SHAW, SPRING G 







Re si PENCE OF J.T. PORTER, SEC. 26., SPRING GROVETOWNSHIP 



WARREN COUNTY. 



333 



ing the same his permanent home. His farm of 280 
acres, as stated above, has all been put under excel- 
ent cultivation, through his energy and industry, and 
he has erected all the necessary farm buildings 
thereon, which, in all, preseivts the appearance of 
thrift and energy. 

Samuel E. Grooms was married to Catherine J. 
Miller, daughter of Henry and May Miller, on the 
gth of October, 1859,1)16 ceremony taking place in 
Berwick Township. Her parents were natives of 
Virginia and came to Warren County in 1856, re- 
siding there until the spring of 1885, when they re- 
moved to Nebraska. Of their union were born ten 
children, the following being their names: George S., 
Catherine J., James C., Elizabeth H., Henry I., 
Hiram C., Mary C., John W., Peach S. and Martha 
V. Catherine J., our subject's " better half," was 
born in West Virginia, Feb. 5, 1838, and with her 
husband has become the parent of three children, 
Leroy L., Mary A. and William H. Mary A. is the 
wife of Perry D. White and resides in Lenox Town- 
ship, having one child, Lottie M. ; Leroy and Will- 
i iam reside at home. Mr. Grooms has been School 
7 Director in his townshipj and with his wife belongs 
to the United Brethren Church. Politically, his 
affiliations are with the Republican party. 




. oshua Porter, now deceased, was a pioneer 
of Warren County of 1835. He was born 
in Athens, Windham Co., Vt., in 1803. 
He was the son of a farmer and passed his 
youth and grew to manhood in the county 
where he was born. The years of his boy- 
hood were spent in the school-room and aiding in 
the labors of the farm. 

He was married there to Mary Tinkham, Dec. 
10, 1831, who was also a native of the same county. 
Mr. Porter, after his marriage, returned, to the 
State of New York, locating near Schenectady, 
where he lived until the year in which he became one 
of the early settlers in this portion of the State of 
Illinois. He, with his wife, crossed the intervening 
country with a horse team and brought with them 



their only child, Mary C., now the wife of W. J. Miller. 
Their experiences on the route were similar to those 
that have been so often related in the accounts of 
those who set out with all the paraphernalia of 
housekeeping with them in their wagons and who 
kept up the routine of domestic duties on the road. 
Their first year in Warren County was passed at 
Center Grove, near Kirkwood, and in 1 836 they set- 
tled in the township of Spring Grove, where they 
made a permanent location. Mr. Porter entered a 
claim on the southeast quarter of section 26, where 
he built a log house for the accommodation of his 
household, which was constructed in the manner 
common with the settlers in a new country, where 
all the appurtenances of modern carpentry were 
lacking. Mr. Porter rived clapboards from logs 
for covering the roof of his cabin, but in this the 
family found comfort, health and contentment. 
Later, when prosperous times warranted, Mr. Porter 
erected more commodious and convenient buildings 
for the abode of the household and for farming pur- 
poses. He improved the entire acreage and lived 
upon the estate until his death, which event trans- 
pired Sept. 5, 1874. His wife survived until April 
10, 1881. The following is the record of their seven 
children : Mary C. is the wife of William Jackson 
Miller, of Spring Grcve Township. Ann M. is mar- 
ried to John Frantz, a sketch of whom is given in 
another part of this work. William E. lives in Spring 
Grove Township, as does Thatcher J. M. Constance 
is the wife of Elias Smith, also of Spring Grove 
Township. Alice is the wife of Edwin R. Rose, of 
Kelly Township. Albert resides in Spring Grove 
Township and is the twin^brother of the sister last 
named. His residence is on the old Porter homestead. 
The children are all living and are honored and re- 
spected members of society. 

Thatcher J. the second son of Joshua and Mary 
(Tinkham) Porter, was born in Spring Grove Tp., July 
25, 1841. He grew to manhood in that township 
and attended the common schools of the neighbor- 
hood. He was just 20 when the Civil War broke out, 
and in its second year he entered the service of his 
country to defend the old flag and the integrity of 
the Union. In the fall of 1862 he enlisted in Com- 
pany B, io2d 111. Vol. Inf., and continued in the 
military service until March, 1863. He received his 
discharge on account of disability, and returned to 
his home. He passed the first year after his return 



334 



WARREN COUNTY. 



in seeking to restore his health, and in 1865 be- 
gan the work of improvement of the farm upon 
which he has since lived. It is situated on the north- 
east quarter of section 26, in the township of Spring 
Grove. When it became his property a log house 
had been built on the place and in this his family re- 
sided a few years, or until time and circumstances 
permitted the construction of a more suitable and 
satisfactory structure. The estate of Mr. Porter con- 
tains 360 acres and is all under improvement and 
enclosed. It comprises the varieties of land which 
make a farm in Illinois valuable and desirable. 
There is a grove of native timber of about 50 acres 
on the place: most of the place, however, is prairie 
land. A view of his present residence and farm 
buildings are shown on page 332. 

The marriage of Mr. Porter to Kate E. McCoy 
took place Dec. i, 1864. She was born in Washing- 
ton Co., Pa., and is the daughter of Thomas and 
Margaret (Newland) McCoy. Thomas McCoy was 
a native of Washington Co., Penn., arid was born 
Dec. 6, 1803. He was of Scotch parentage, Angus 
and Catherine (Monroe) McCoy, his father and 
"7 mother, both having come from Scotland. They 
settled in Pennsylvania, where they were married. 
I Thomas McCoy grew to manhood in Washington 
County, where he was married, and where he was 
engaged in farming. In the spring of 1854, he came 
to Warren County, first locating in Sumner Town- 
ship. He remained here, however, but about three 
months, when he bought a farm on section 27, 
Spring Grove Township, where he lived until his 
deiith, which occurred Sept. 19, 1873. His widow is 
still living and resides on the old homestead with 
her son, Angus. They had a family of four children, 
Mary and John M., the eldest, two both died when 
they were just blooming into manhood and woman- 
hood. Angus and Mrs. Porter are the other two. 
Mr. and Mrs. McCoy, after coming to Warren 
County, connected themselves with the United Pres- 
byterian Church. Subsequently, Mrs. McCoy be- 
came a member of the Christian Church. In politics 
the elder McCoy was a life-long Democrat. 

The children of Mr. and Mrs. Porter are three in 
number and are named Ada F., Alvin A. and T. 
Lee. The parents are giving their children the 
benefits of a good education, affording them far 
greater advantages in this respect than either of 
them ever enjoyed. Politically, Mr. Porter is a 




Democrat. He is an excellent citizen and is con- 
sidered a leading farmer of the county. His place is 
justly rated as one of the most valuable in Warren 
County. 



rick Thompson, farmer, residing on sec- 
tion 4, Berwick Township, was born Feb. 
21, 1824, in the southern part of Sweden. 
He emigrated to the " land of possibilities" in 
1856, landing in New York Aug. 14, of that 
year. On arrival in New York city Mr- 
Thompson looked around and came to the conclu- 
sion that his opportunities to establish a home in 
that thriving metropolis with his meager means were 
not encouraging, and he consequently concluded to 
push farther west. He, therefore, soon after his ar- 
rival there, came to Galesburg, Knox Co., this State, 
from which place he came to Cameron, this county, 
where he remained until the spring of 1857. He 
then worked by the month at various occupations 
for three years. 

Dec. 4, 1861, Mr. Thompson enlisted in the War 
for the Union, joining the 58th 111. Vol. Inf. under 
Capt. Fuller, and was mustered into the service at 
Chicago. He participated in the battle of Fort 
Donelson, was in the three days' fight and at the bat- 
tle of Pittsburg Landing, April 2, 1862, was taken 
prisoner, and conveyed to Tuscalonsa, Ala., where he 
remained 52 days, when he was taken to that " hell- 
hole," Anderson ville Prison, and was there confined 
for ten months and four days. He was detailed while 
at Andersonville to dig graves for Union soldiers 
who had died in that horrible den, and in the 
months of June, July and August, Mr. Thompson as- 
sisted in digging graves for 8,6 10 Union soldiers who 
had died inside the walls of that filthy and inhuman 
prison. He was taken, in September, 1864, to Flor- 
ence, S. C., and there confined in another rebel 
prison, where he remained until the latter part of De- 
cember, when he was transferred to Charleston, S. C., 
and the 7th day of February, 1865, he received his 
discharge and was mustered out at Chicago. 

The marriage of Mr. Thompson to Mrs. Phebe 
Charles took place Oct. 25, 1860. She was born 
May 6, 1827, in Ohio, and died March 10, 1883. 
By her former marriage she became the mother of 



-4- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



335 



four children. Of her union with Mr. Thompson, 
the following children were born, namely : Hannah 
E., born Oct. 28, 1861; Ahnira J., Oct. 3, 1863; 
James A., Nov. 3, 1868 ; Laura M., April 26, 1870. 
James A. died Nov. 18, 1879. 

Mr. Thompson is the proprietor of 58 acres of 
land where he resides; has a good residence upon 
his place, and is engaged in general farming, meeting 
with success in his vocation. He and his family 
are members of the Christian Church, and Mr. 
Thompson, as long as he remembers the terrible trial 
he passed through while a prisoner in rebel prisons, 
will never fail to vote the Republican ticket. 




. esse Biggs, owning 364 acres of good 
farm land under excellent cultivation, lo- 
cated on section 2, Roseville Township, 
where he resides and is engaged in farming 
and stock-raising, was born in Tennessee, Jan. 
13, 1808, his parents being Reuben and 
Catherine (Sailing) Riggs, natives of North Carolina. 
The parents of Mr. Riggs, of this sketch, in 1818, 
ten years after the birth of Jesse, moved from Ten- 
nessee to Missouri and there purchased 160 acres of 
land. They remained on the same for ten years, 
where his father was engaged in its cultivation. In 
1828 his father sold his farm in Missouri and came 
to this State, locating in Morgan County, where he 
became owner by purchase of 120 acres, on which he 
resided for a number of years, when they came to 
live with their son, the subject of this notice, with 
whom they resided during the remainder of their 
lives and were buried in Berwick Seminary. Their 
family consisted of 12 children, n of whom lived 
to become men and women, and three of whom yet 
survive. 

Jesse Riggs, whose biography we write, is the 
sixth child in order of birth of his parent's family of 
12 children. He remained at home assisting in the 
maintenance of the family until 28 years of age. 
From the age of his majority until 28, he took charge 
of and cultivated his father's farm on shares. After 
leaving home, Mr. Riggs came to Warren County, in 



1834, and for ii years followed farming on rented 
land. At the expiration of that time he purchased 
80 acres in Lenox Township and resided thereon, 
engaged in its cultivation six years, when, by ad- 
ditional purchase, he added 50 acres to the same. 
He then sold the entire tract and purchased 220 
acres in Berwick Township. On this tract he moved 
with his family and engaged in farming until 1864, 
when he sold it and purchased 160 acres in Lenox 
Township, which, after working two years, he also 
sold. He then purchased 174 acres in the same 
township and lived on that place for six years, when 
he closed out his landed interests in that Section by 
sale and bought the property on which he at present 
resides, which consists of 364 acres. 

Mr. Riggs lost his first two companions. By his 
first wife he had three children, Martha E., John 
T. and Jonathan P. The issue of the second union 
was four children, who are living, as follows: James 
O., Mary E., Henry H. and Eliza J. Mr. Riggs 
married the third time in 1865, the lady chosen to 
share his joys and sorrows, successes and reverses, 
being Miss Emeline Vandeveere, a native of War- 
ren Co., 111., and she has borne to her husband four 
children, Frank, Florence H., Bertie M. and Willis. 

Mr. Riggs is a Democrat and has held various 
offices of his township and county, and with his wife 
is a member of the Baptist Church. Mr. Riggs is 
considered one of the solid and substantial men of 
Warren County. 








illiam H. Cable, engaged as an agricul- 
turist, residing upon section 29, Floyd 
Township, was born April 6, 1835, his 
parents being Henry and Olive (Kingsley) 
Cable. His father was born Sept. 8, 1795 
in Columbia Co., N. Y., and came to Floyd 
Township, Nov. i, 1835, where he resided until April, 
1867, when he moved to Monmouth, in which place 
he resided until liis death. He was six weeks on the 
journey from his native State, coming down the Ohio 
to Cairo, and from that place to St. Louis, finally 
landing at Yellow Banks, now called Oquawka. At 
the latter place he started with teams to Monmouth, 



( 



336 



WARREN COUNTY. 



where he found but one frame building in the city. 
His marriage was celebrated on the 28th of April, 
i8t6, in New York, with Miss Olive Kingsley, 
mother of our subject, she having been born in Con- 
necticut, April 16, 1792. To use Mr. Cable's own 
language (expressed with a pride which reflects credit 
upori him as a son), his mother was a " genuine Con- 
necticut Yankee," who " spun the yarn from which 
his father's wedding suit of clothes were made," Her 
demise occurred Feb. 23, 1876, at the age of 83 years, 
to months and 7 days. Mr. Henry Cable died after a 
life of hard work, on the 8th of March, 1878. Their 
family consisted of Mary, born April i, 1819; Ezra, 
Feb. n, 1821; George C., April r, 1823; Chancy 
M., May 19, 1825 ; Elizabeth A , Dec. 19, 1828, and 
William H., of whom we write this biographical no- 
tice. 

Miss Mary A. Chaffee was the lady chosen to 
share the joys and sorrows, successes and reverses of 
Mr. William H. Cable, their marriage occurring Aug. 
r 25, 1858. She was born in Wyoming Co., N. Y., 
July 24, 1839, and of her union with Mr. Cable, five 
children were born, all surviving. Charles H., born 
July 31, 1860; Francis E., June 17, 1862; Henry 
G., April 24, 1864; Eddy D., April 6, 1866; Albert 
B., April 20, 1876. Henry, the third in order of 
birth, was severely injured when 16 years of age by 
the bursting of a circular saw operated for the pur- 
pose of sawing stove wood at his father's door. While 
the lad stood throwing away the blocks as they fell 
from the machine, he was struck by a piece of the 
bursted saw (measuring 16 x 28 inches) at the edge 
of the hair over the left eye, tearing away a piece 
from the skull 2> x $% inches. The scalp wound 
was 13 inches in circumference, but the wound 
healed without any artificial appliance, and to-day he 
is in a sound physical condition, and with mental 
faculties unimpaired and of the brightest order. He is 
now residing in Minneapolis, Minn., holding a posi- 
tion as Clerk in the Security Bank of Minnesota. He 
is 21 years of age. 

Mr. William H. Cable came to Illinois with his 
parents when but six months old, in 1835. He has 
160 acres of good land under excellent cultivation 
and improvement. Upon it he has erected a dwel- 
ling 30 x 34 feet in dimensions, with a fine grove of 
forest trees surrounding it. He has a herd of about 
25 head of Short-horn cattle highly graded, and his 
horses are of the Hambletonian and Bashaw grades. 



He is also the owner of a pair of Clydesdale colts of 
very fine breed. Mr. Cable is now serving as Jus- 
tice of the Peace in this township, having served as 
School Director for 12 or 14 years. He and his wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
having belonged to this denomination for over 31 
years. Politically, he is identified with the Republi- 
can party. The Cable family originated from Ger- 
many. Their great-grandfather emigrated to this 
country in the early part of the 1710 century. 




obert B. Woodward. One of the exten- 
sive farmers of Roseville Township and 
large land-owners of the county, is Mr. R. 
B. Woodward: He is a native of Pennsyl- 
vania and was born in Fayette Co., Oct. 14, 
1829, his parents being Davis and Mary 
(Boyd) Woodward, also natives of the Keystone 
State. By occupation, the father, Davis, was en- 
gaged in farming. He was married in 1828, and to 
that union 13 children were born, 12 of whom grew 
to maturity, and 1 1 survive their parents. The fam- 
ily were from Cumberland County and moved West 
to Fayette County. 

Robert B. was the eldest child of his parents' 
family, receiving at their hands a good common- 
school education and assisting them whenever it was 
possible until he attained the age of majority, when 
he went out to earn his own livelihood, wholly de- 
pendent upon himself. He rented a farm, which he 
continued for two years, having had fair success, and 
March 31, 1853, came to Illinois and located in 
Roseville Township, this county, where he purchased 
187 acres of land upon section 30, 20 acres of which 
was timber. Upon this tract of land he remained, 
engaged in its cultivation and improvement, until he 
has increased his landed interests to 561 acres. He 
is extensively engaged in the stock business and is 
meeting with success. 

Dec. 5, 1850, the marriage of Mr. Robert B. 
Woodward and Miss Sarah A. Work, native of Penn- 
sylvania, was solemnized. She was the daughter of 
Andrew and Amy (Harris) Work, also natives of 
that State. Mr. and Mrs. Woodward have had their 



^v 



WARREN COUNTY. 



339 i 



home circle blessed with the birth of six children, all 
of whom survive, and of whom the following is a brief 
memorandum: Mary, Davis A., Andrew D., Seth, 
Jacob H. and Viola. Mary, wife of Charles Steward, 
resides in Franklin Co., Kan. ; Davis A. married 
Annie Wilson, a resident of Roseville Township; 
Andrew D. married Priscilla Boyd, and is a farmer 
in Point Pleasant Township; Seth married Ida 
Lippe and is an occupant of the home farm ; Jacob 
H. and Viola are still at home. 

Mr. Woodward is a Democrat in political affilia- 
tion, and, socially, belongs to the Select Knights and 
is a member of the A. O. U. W. He is a director 
and stockholder in the Roseville Union Bank, and is 
one of the prominent and substantial men of Warren 
County. Mrs. Woodward is a member of the Con- 
gregational Church. 




i ohn B. Sofield, of the firm of Sofield & 
Schussler, successors to D. Harvey, dealer 
in hardware, stoves, tinware and agricul- 
tural implements, at Monmouth, was born at 
Lawrenceville, Tioga Co., Pa., March 26, 1833. 
His parents, John and Julia A. (Grant) Sofield, 
natives of New Jersey and Connecticut respectively, 
and dating their early ancestry back to old England, 
were married in the State of New York, where two 
of their children were born. The rest of their four 
sons and five daughters were born in Pennsylvania. 
The senior Mr. Sofield, who was for many years in 
the hardware business at Wellsborough, Pa., died at 
that place in 1860, aged about 58 years His widow 
survived him eight years, and died at the age of 63. 
Their eldest son, Alfred J. Sofield, was a. Captain in 
the Union Army and lost his life at Gettysburg. His 
Company was attached to the celebrated " Buck 
Tails," 149111 Pa. Vol. Inf. 

John B. Sofield was educated at the public schools 
and at Wellsborough Academy. When between 16 
and 17 years of age, he began learning the tinner's 
trade, and in about a year and a half went into the 
stove and tinware business at Wellsborough, which 
he followed nine years. He then removed to Iowa 



and a few months later to Osawatomie, Kan., where 
he spent three years in the hardware business. In 
1860 he'came to Warren County, where his principal 
business has been in dealing in hardware, stoves, 
tinware, etc. He was permanently located 20 years 
at Kirkwood, coming to Monmouth in 1880. He 
retained his interest, however, at Kirkwood, until 
1883. He was appointed Postmaster at Kirkwood, 
in 1879, but held the office only a few months, find- 
ing the position irksome and militating to too great 
an extent against the interests of his private busi- 
ness. While at Kirkwood, he was several terms a 
member of the Common Council of that city, a posi- 
tion that has also been thrust upon him since coming 
to Monmouth. 

Aside from his mercantile business, Mr. Sofield is 
largely interested in banking, to which he has given 
considerable attention. He is eminently a business 
man, full of energy and activity and possessed of a 
high order of executive ability. 

At Galesburg, this State, Mr. Sofield was married . 
Oct. 18, 1859, to Miss Helen M. Smalley, native of ; 
Madison Co., N. Y. They have one child, a daugh- , 
ter. Mr. Sofield is ever an active Republican in , 
politics, but his religion is liberal and broad. Both ' 
he and Mrs. Sofield are members of the Universalist j 
Church. 




'lexander Hamilton Swain, editor and 
proprietor of the Monmouth Review, a 
history of which paper, see elsewhere in 

rthis work, was born in Fayette Co., Pa., Oct. 
13, 1828. His father was Wilson Swain, a 
native of Pennsylvania and descended from 
the German ; and his mother was Rebecca Mc- 
Cracken, daughter of Rev Alex. McCracken, a pion- 
eer Methodist preacher of Ohio, but a native of 
Ireland, dating his ancestry back to the Scotch who 
fled into Ireland at the time of the Romish persecu- 
tion. Wilson Swain and Miss McCracken were mar- 
ried in Fayette Co., Pa., where their five sons and 
one daughter were born, and there the two old peo- 
ple spent their lives. Mr. Swain died in 1845, aged 
60 years, and his widow, in 1852, aged 68 years. 
Alexander Hamilton Swain, whose name would in- 



1 






34 



WARREN COUNTY. 






dicate that the senior Swain leaned rather to the 
Federal than to the Republican party of that time, 
was the youngest of the five sons. The eldest, John, 
developed into a river man (Steam-boat Captain), 
and died in 1845 ; the second son, William T., be- 
came a merchant and subsequently a soldier. He 
was Captain of Co. H, I2th 111. Vol. Inf., and was 
killed at Shiloh; the third son, Andrew J , grew into 
a preacher in the Cumberland Presbyterian Church, 
and the fourth son, Wilson, learned to be a blacksmith, 
and died at Uniontown, Pa., in 1850; the daugher, 
Rebecca, married a Mr. T. A. Stone, and died in 
1864, at Uniontown. 

Alexander Swain, subject of this notice, was at 
Uniontown College when his father died and from 
that day he had to shift for himself. The Genius of 
Liberty, a Democratic paper, was established at 
Uniontown, in 1805, and through all the various 
changes of eight decades, it has stood by its colors; 
demonstrating the appropriateness of its title and is a 
flourishing Democratic paper, A. D. 1886. In the office 
of this paper, young Swain began to be a printer, and 
here he worked for several years. In 1853, he land- 
ed at Tiskilwa, Bureau County, this State, and there 
worked about nine months for his merchant brother. 
He next took employment as a printer on the Knox- 
ville Journal, coming from there to Monmouth, in 
1855. Friday, Dec. 28, 1855, the Monmouth Re- 
view made its first appearance, and though its editor 
and proprietor possessed but a very limited cash 
fund when he struck the town, his paper has ap- 
peared regularly every Friday, from that day to this 
a period covering near a third of a century each 
succeeding issue presenting a more promising indica- 
tion of perpetual existence. That its many readers 
may know that its Democracy, pure as it is to-day, is 
but the embodiment of the time honored principles 
of that great party, untarnished and unchanged by 
the wear and tear of ages, we reproduce here, the 
salient points set forth in Mr. Swain's salutatory of 
over 30 years ago. 

" In commencing the Monmouth Review we feel 
called upon to make a short statement to the pub- 
lic of our views and intentions in the future publica- 
tion of this paper. Our movement in the present 
instance has not been prompted by any spirit of con- 
tention or desire to assail those who may differ with 
us in opinion, but from the evident demands of the 
growth and improvement of the country, and the 



party whose principles we wish to advocate. The 
Democratic party in this section of the State appears 
to require an organ which should express their views, 
uphold Democratic principles and seek to extend the 
influences of Democracy among the people. How 
far we shall succeed in performing this oner- 
ous task it is not for us to say, more than that we 
shall set ourselves with all our abilities to its per- 
formance. The Democratic party at this time occu- 
pies a singular position before the country ; beset by 
all the different factions and organizations of the day 
whose policy for the time is to drop minor differences 
and unite for the defeat of that one party, which has 
ever maintained its part as a barrier against section- 
alism on the one hand and lawlessness on the 
other. In reference to the important and exciting 
issues which divide and excite the people, we stand 
on the broad National platform of the Democracy of 
the whole Union which allows the people of the sev- 
eral States and Territories to regulate their domestic 
concerns in their own way, which extends to the 
needy of every country and clime the rights and 
privileges we so bountifully enjoy, irrespective of 
their religious and political opinion or place of, 
birth." 

The files of the Review attest the adherence of its 
editor to the principles he has honestly thought 
right. Though many have differed and will continue 
to differ with him, none have ever doubted his sin- 
cerity. His paper has always championed the weak 
as against the strong, has always advocated the ad- 
vancement of public interest and in no instance has 
it groveled in the slum of personal abuse unaccom- 
panied by public duty. Mr. Swain was one of the 
original 12 to organize the Warren County Library 
and that greatest of all the city's public institutions, 
owes much of its success to the influences wielded 
by Editor Swain and his paper. Personally, Mr. Swain 
has been but little in politics. He was a candidate 
for Circuit Clerk in 1864, and defeated by methods 
that would never be tolerated when the country was 
at peace. In 1869-70, he was Journal Clerk of the 
Constitutional Convention, and as such wrote the 
present Constitution of Illinois. 

Mr. Swain is a 32d degree Mason ; served 14 
years as High Priest in Chapter, and some years as 
illustrious Grand Master of Council. June 9, 1856. 
at Knoxville, 111., Mr. Swain was married to Miss 
Mary Louisa Brewer, cousin of Dr. Brewer, whose 



WARREN COUNTY. 



34i 



biography is presented in another part of this vol- 
ume. Their only daughter, Mary Rebecca, is mar- 
ried to E. C. Babcock, of Butte City, M. T. 

A portrait of Mr. Swain accompanies this sketch 
of his life. 




fndrew J. Reid is a resident on section 4 
of the township of Spring'Grove. He was 
born in the town of Greenwich, Washington 
Co., N. Y., and is the son of Peter'and Phebe 
(Hutchins) Reid. His parents were both born 
in the same county where their son first saw 
the light of day. His birth occurred July 9, 1833. 
Alexander Reid, his paternal grandfather, was also 
a native of the State of New York and was a Lieu- 
tenant in the Continental Army. He was a partici- 
pant in the battle of Hubbardton in Rutland Co., 
Vt., the only authenticated'battlefield of the Revo- 
lution in the Green Mountain State. John Reid, 
the great-grandfather, was a native of Scotland, and 
he was one of the earliest settlers of Washington 
Co., N. Y., where he settled on a tract of land known 
. as the " Argyle Patent." The maternal grandmother 
was a native of Nova Scotia. In her girlhood, she 
was Eunice Campbell. Her father was of the 
Campbell clan. 

The father of Mr. Reid of this sketch was 
reared on the home farm and became quite famous 
as a naturalist. He was one of those who classified 
and arranged the flora of the Empire State. He 
was well known through his writings for the Spirit 
Of The Times. His death took place in Greenwich, 
Washington Co., N. Y.. in September, 1878, at the 
age of 83 years and two months. The mother died 
in 1878, aged 76. Six of 11 children of whom they 
became the parents, are still living. Alexander H. 
resides in De Kalb Co., 111. ; Andrew J. is the next 
in order; Jane E. is the wife of John Wellman, of 
Greenwich, N. Y. ; Catherine is married to H. L. 
Pratt, of Westfield, ChautauquaCo., N. Y. ; Margaret 
is the wife of Edward Orcutt, of Cambridge, Wash- 
ington Co., N. Y. ; Emily A, is married to William T. 
Creighton, of Harper City, Kan. 

Mr. Reid grew to the age and condition of man- 
hood in the county where he was born, and received 



the training of a farmer's son. He obtained a de- 
gree of learning which enabled him to engage in 
teaching, and for a time he was occupied in that 
pursuit. In 1857 he came to Illinois. He passed 
three years in farming in Mercer County, and in 
1860 came to Warren County and followed the same 
pursuit in the summer seasons and taught school 
winters until he decided to enter the military service 
of the United States. He enlisted Sept. 30, 1861, 
in Co. G, 3oth 111. Vol. Inf., and continued to dis- 
charge military duty until he received an honorable 
discharge, Dec. 21, 1862, for disability. He was in 
the actions at Fort Donelson and Britton's Lane, 
near Denmark. After his return to Warren County, 
he located upon the farm where he now resides. It 
was unimproved at the time, but under his skillful 
management it was soon placed in proper condition 
for prosperous agriculture. In 1872 he engaged in 
mercantile business at Norwood, in which pursuit he 
continued for seven years, when he again resumed 
fanning. In political relations, he is a Republican. 
His marriage to Selinda E. Boggs took place June 
3, 1863. She was born in Huntingdon Co., Pa., 
and is the mother of two children, Gertrude and 
Eva May. 




I. Field. Among the energetic and pros- 
fc perous agriculturists of Warren County, is 
Mr. Field of this notice, who is a resident 
on section 15, Tompkins Township, and a na- 
tive of the Buckeye State, having been born 
there in the year 1819. Jacob and Martha 
(Inman) Field, the parents of Mr. J. I. Field of this 
writing; were natives of the State of Pennsylvania, 
coming to Ohio from the latter State in the year 
1818. The father, Jacob, resided in Ohio until 
1854 (the mothers demise having occurred in 1849), 
when he came to the State of Illinois, and located in 
Henderson County, where he purchased land and 
engaged in farming until his death, in 1875. 

J. I. Field remained with his parents until he at- 
tained the age of 30 years, or the year in which the 
death of his mother occurred. He attended the com- 
mon schools and at the age of 15 years engaged un- 
der his father's instruction [to learn the blacksmith's 



f > 



342 



WARREN COUNTY. 



trade, at which he worked for 15 years in his father's 
shop. He then came to this State and purchased 
1 60 acres of raw prairie land in Walnut Grove Town- 
ship, Henderson County, upon which he moved and 
engaged in the laborious task of its improvement 
and cultivation, and to which, by a subsequent pur- 
chase, he added 80 acres. He continued to reside 
on this land until 1876, when he sold out and moved 
into the village of Kirkwood, there purchasing a lot 
and residence, in which he resided for 18 months. 
He then sold l.is village property a|id bought 160 
acres of land, located upon sections 10 and 15. On 
this land he moved his family and once more engag- 
ed in the vocation of an agriculturist, which he has 
successfully continued until the present time. He 
has an excellent farm, with good residence and out- 
buildings, and its general appearance and actual 
condition is highly indicative of that thrift and ener- 
gy which its owner possessses. 

In 1857 Mr. Field was married to Miss Jane Math- 
ews, a native of the State of Pennsylvania, and who 
bore him three children, Martha J., William E.and 
Joseph F. The wife and mother, after accompany- 
ing her husband through the trials of 17 years, pass- 
ed to the land of the hereafter, her death occurring 
in 1874. In his political views, Mr. Field coincides 
with the principles of the Republican party. His 
religion is the same as that of the United Presbyter- 
ian Church, of which denomination at Kirkwood, he 
is a member. 




. ohn Bennet, who, after the many struggles 
which he has e.ncountered'in his more than 
four score years, is now able to sit in the 
midst of peace and plenty, while viewing the 
the golden sunset of life in the domestic qui- 
etude of his farm, on section 16, Tompkins 
Township. He was born in Montgomery Co., N. Y., 
July 13, 1800, his parents being James and Hannah 
(Sharp) Bennett, natives of South Catolina and New 
York respectively. 

Mr. Bennett of this notice was an inmate of the 
the parental household until 20 years of age. He re- 



ceived such education as was to be acquired at the 
district schools, and in 1824, after leaving the home 
of his parents, he purchased a tract of farm land on 
time, which, however, owing to reverses, he was un- 
able to pay for. After this first bitter experience 
with the " ups and downs "of life, he was occupied 
until 1854 in agricultural pursuits on rented land in 
his native State. In 1854 Mr. Bennett came to Il- 
linois and purchased a farm of 80 acres in Warren 
County, located on section 16, Tompkins Township, 
on which he established a home for his family, and 
for eight years he continued to reside thereon, dilli- 
gently cultivating the soil. In 1865 he sold his 80- 
acre tract and purchased the farm upon which he 
has since resided. His improvements are of the 
best quality and his farm is indicating of that push 
and energy which has characterized the life of Mr. 
Bennett. 

Mr. Bennett has been twice married. His first 
marriage was to Miss Lydia Thorp, January, 1821, 
and by whom he had two children. Miss Melinda 
Thorp became his second wife. In politics Mr. Ben- 
nett is a strong advocate of the principles of the Re- 
pyblican party. In religion he and his wife are lx>th 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 






.ugh Martin, deceased, was a pioneer of 
Warren County and came hither in 1832, 
in which year he located in that part of the 
county now included in the township of Sum- 
ner. He was born in Westmoreland Co., Pa. 
It is a. tradition that his father was an Indian 
captive 12 years. Mr. Martin was married in his 
native county to Margaret Brown, who was born in 
Ireland. She came to this country at the age of 14. 
On the route the vessel was captured by pirates. Half 
of the crew from the freebooter was placed on board, 
and one-half of the captured crew transferred to 
pirate vessel. In the course of the storm that soon 
after arose, the vessels became separated and that 
portion of the captured crew left on board their own 
ship, mutined (if such a term can properly apply) 
and retook their ship. They made the port of New 
York in safety and the owners of the vessel refunded 
the passage money to the passengers. Mrs. Martin 








RESIDENCEOF JOHN SIMCOCK.SEC-H.SPRING GROVETOWNSHIP. 




JOYDOR STUD FARM , OWKCD BY JOHN J.lvEY,5Ec.,33.SurviNE:R TOWNSHIP. 









i 



WARREN COUNTY. 



345 



came in company with her brother and they located 
in Pennsylvania. Seven years later her mother and 
other members of the family came from the Green 
Isle to join them. 

Soon after his marriage, Mr. Martin went to Mus- 
kingum Co., Ohio, being one of the earliest of its 
pioneer population. In 1829, in company with his 
wife and seven children, he set his face toward Illi- 
nois. He drove a four-horse team across the many 
intervening miles and made the trp in the Gipsy 
fashion. After six weeks travel they arrived in Ful- 
ton County. Mr. Martin bought a half-section of 
land for which he paid $200. He rented a few acres 
of timber which was in the vicinity of his pur- 
chase, on which a log- cabin had been erected, and 
the humble structure sheltered the family three 
years. At the end of that time another removal 
brought the household to Warren County. This was 
in the fall of 1832. Mr. Martin pre-empted a claim 
on section 28, in what became Sumner Township, 
when the work of county organization was com- 
pleted. He built a log house on his claim, which 
, was his home until death. He was a hard-working, 
honest man and was frugal in habits, and judicious 
in the management of his affairs. Before he died he 
was the owner of 600 acres of land which was dis- 
tributed among his children previous to his death. 
His second son, William, was the first of the family to 
reach the site of Sumner Township. He was mur- 
dered by the Indians in August, 1832. 




*ohn J. Ivey is a farmer and breeder of 
thoroughbred horses and trotting stock, 
and resides on section 33, of Sumner Town- 
ship. He is a native of Tennessee and is a 
descendant of parents who were born respect- 
ively in Virginia and Northern Tennessee. 
His father, David A. Ivey, was a native of Sussex 
Co., Va. He was old enough to take a part in the 
war of 1812, when that struggle broke out, and after- 
ward married a lady named Mourning Mason. She 
was the daughter of a "hard-shell" Baptist preacher, 
and her parents were natives of North Carolina. 
The marriage took place in Robertson Co., Tenn., 



where they lived about four years. They then went 
to Logan Co., Ky., where the father purchased a 
tract of timber three miles from the State line. He 
lived to clear a farm upon which he died in 1867, 
his wife following him in 1870. All their lives were 
passed in the practice of the principles of Chris- 
tianity, and they were consistent members of the 
Methodist Church. They left a record which still 
exerts an influence on those to whom their careers of 
uprightness and integrity were well known. Six of 
their children grew to maturity. Carrie, the oldest, 
remained with her parents until their respective 
deaths. She now resides with her brother in Sum- 
ner Township. Virginia is also a member of the 
household of her brother. James A. is a preacher in 
the Methodist Church, and is now stationed at New 
Orleans. Joseph died on the homestead in Kentucky. 
Ellen is the wife of the Rev. James A. Lewis, of 
Kentucky. 

Mr. Ivey was born Dec. 6, 1827, in Robertson Co., 
Tenn. He was but a few months old when his par- 
ents removed to Kentucky, where he was brought 
up on the farm of his father. The residence was in 
Logan County and the boy passed his time mostly in 
farm labor, with the exception of the winter seasons 
which were spent in obtaining an education in the 
select schools. His first engagement in active life . 
was as a clerk in a store in Keysburg, where he 
operated three years and went thence to Clarksville, 
Tenn. At that place he continued in the same voca- 
tion in a wholesale and retail establishment, where 
he continued three years. He then formed a part- 
nership with R. M. House, whereby he acquired an 
interest in the oldest grocery house in Clarksville. 
The relation continued until 1859 when it was ter- 
minated by the death of Mr: House. After an ex- 
perience alone, of about the duration of a year, he 
sold out and went to that part of Steward County, 
Tennessee, which is now included in Houston 
County, and there bought a farm and milling prop- 
erty the latter including a saw and flour mill. He 
superintended these interests until interrupted by 
circumstances growing out of the bitter internecine 
war. He was a slave-holder and withal a' Union 
man of decided and declared opinions. Unfortu- 
nately, his ideas were not those that generally pre- 
vailed there and he soon found himself in incogenial 
quarters. His life was unsafe and eventually the 
fate that overwhelmed all who had the smallest re- 



- 



T 



346 



WARREN COUNTY. 



-- 



spect for an integral Union, overtook him. His 
property was confiscated and he became a fugitive 
in the woods of the State where he had added to the 
general prosperity without the privilege of cherishing 
his own views of his rights as a man. After the fall 
of Fort Donelson the Union commander removed the 
family of Mr. Ivey under a guard of protection to the 
home of his father in Kentucky. The Union forces 
were under obligations to him for services for which 
his knowledge of th surrounding country especially 
fitted, and he acted as a scout and guide for the 
soldiers. He was chiefly identified with the 83d 111. 
Vol. Inf. In consequence of these important ser- 
vices his interests received special attention at the 
hands of the victors at Fort Donelson, and his family 
was removed to safe quarters, and provided for. His 
services to the Union cause, having rendered him 
peculiarly unpopular among the people of Stewart 
Co., Tenn., a return to his home in that section, 
after the close of the war would have been, to say 
the least, an unwise movement. He therefore con- 
cluded to cast his fortunes with that part of the 
Union whose side he had espoused in the course of 
the conflict. As many of those with whom he had 
become acquainted in the army were from War- 
ren Co., 111., that fact determined his future and he 
came hither. He arrived at Oquawka, July 4, 1865, 
and came directly to Sumner Township. He had al- 
ready bought 200 acres of land in that township, on 
sections 29 and 33, and on his arrival he took pos- 
session of the property. His family removed to a 
small frame house which had been built previous to 
his purchase. All the structures on The place, in- 
cluding the fences, were in a state of dilapidation 
and he at once set about the work of putting every- 
thing into presentable conditition. He has erected a 
fine large farmhouse and an excellent barn, beside 
other buildings. He has also added 60 acres addi- 
tional to the farm and the whole place is in the best 
possible condition for profitable fanning. The place 
is thus thoroughly well adapted to all the uses of 
agriculture. It is supplied with running water, tim- 
ber and building stone of a good quality. For a time 
Mr. Ivey directed his attention to the breeding of 
mules and operated with success in that line, until 
1 88 1, when lie commenced to raise thoroughbred 
Kentucky horses for the track. At present he has 
eight of them in training, six of the number having 
made a record at the agricultural exhibitions in the 



adjoining counties in the autumn of 1885. An ex- 
cellent view of Mr. Ivey's fine homestead is presented 
elsewhere. 

Mr. Ivey is a firm adherent of the Republican 
party in his political views and connections. He is 
a man of ability and one who is awake to all issues 
that can affect the general welfare. He is thor- 
oughly versed in the current news of the day, and 
abreast of the advancement of the period. He is a 
thoroughly domestic man with all the excellences of 
character that mark men of like proclivities. He 
has served two years as Supervisor of Sumner Town- 
ship. 

His marriage to Miss Columbia House took place 
Aug. 26, 1856. She is the daughter of Robert M. 
and Mary R. (Barnes) House, and was born in 
Williamson Co., Tenn., and was of German descent, 
his ancestors having been early settlers in Virginia. 
Her mother is of Scotch descent. The first whole- 
sale grocery business established at Clarksville, was 
started by her father. He died Feb. i, 1859, leaving 
to a family of five children, a priceless heritage, a 
good name. 

Mr. and Mrs. Ivey have only two children living. 
They are daughters and are named Mary Virginia 
and Emma F. Their first born was a daughter who 
died in infancy. John J., the only son was born in 
Stewart Co., in 1862, and died in Dallas, Texas, Nov. 
23, 1883. 




arvin Perry, a farmer of Tompkins Town- 
ship residing on sec. 215, was born in Put- 
nam Valley, Putnam Co., N. Y., Oct. 3, 
1830, his parents being Reuben and Lorin- 
da (Pratt) Perry, natives of New York and Con- 
necticut respectively. The gentleman whose 
name stands at the head of this biographical notice 
lived with his parents until he attained the age of 20 
years, receiving at their hands a good, common- 
school education. Leaving home at that age of life, 
he worked at various occupations by the month for 
several years. In 1857 he came to Warren County, 
this State, and settled near Cameron, where for three 
years he followed the vocation of an agriculturist on 
rented land. In 1861, when the news flashed across 







WARREN COUNTY. 



347 



the country that the Southern States had seceded 
and Rebel shot and shell were being thundered 
against the walls of Sumter, Mr. Perry was one of 
the first to respond to the call of our martyred Pres- 
ident for brave hearts and strong arms to defend the 
country's flag. He enlisted in Co. H, 451)1 111. Vol. 
Inf., and served for three years. He was Corporal 
and then promoted Sergeant, and participated in the 
battles of Fort Donelson, and many others of smaller 
import. After being a member of the 451!! Regi- 
ment for a year and a half, he received an honorable 
discharge, by special order, and immediately enlisted 
in the Mississippi River Marine Brigade, and served 
in the same until he received an honorable discharge 
by reason of the disbandment of the Brigade. Re- 
turning home, he again rented land for three years 
and engaged in his former occupation. At the expi- 
ration of that time, he purchased 70 acres of land, 
where he at present resides, engaging actively and 
energetically in its improvement and cultivation. 

Mr. Perry was united in marriage with Miss Eliz- 
abeth F. Brown, a native of Indiana, Fs^ti^vjfi&f 
and of their union two children, Villa May and Lo- 
rinda D., have been born. In politics, Mr. Perry is 
a strong supporter and active worker for the princi- 
ples advocated by the Prohibition party. In religion, 
he and his wife are members of the Protestant Meth- 
odist Church. 




. ohn Simcock, one of the highly esteemed 
IF citizens of the township of Spring Grove, 
where he has resided for many years, is a 
native of England and was born in Stafford- 
shire Dec. 27, 1829. He was a son of a miner 
and, according to the custom in England, pre- 
pared to follow the vocation of his ancestors. When 
he was seven years of age he entered the mines to 
assist in the variety of labor that can be performed 
by the children of the miners, and which is in many 
instances quite important, as the maintenance of the 
family is thereby much enhanced. He was engaged 
in the capacity of a door-tender and his duty was to 
open the doors leading to various portions of the 



mine before the passage of the cars which contained 
the results of the labors of those who worked the 
veins of coal. As he grew older he was \ romoted to 
other kinds of labor of a more advanced character 
until he could wield all the tools of z.bona-fide miner. 
He continued to reside in his native country until 
185 r. In that year, during the month of May, he 
left Liverpool on a sailing vessel for the United 
States, and landed at <he port of New York after an 
ocean passage of six weeks and -three days. He pro- 
ceeded to Mahoning Co., Ohio, and was occupied 
in the mines there until the month of October fol- 
lowing. 

During the month last mentioned he came to 
Illinois, and after a delay of a short time in LaSalle 
County he came, in the spring of 1852, to Warren 
County. He engaged in his old vocation here until 
the spring of 1853, when he returned to the land of 
his birth. He passed a year on his native island 
and in the spring of r85s he returned to the home 
'of his adoption. He then went to the same county- 
In the Buckeye State where he had at first found 
employment on coming to America, and in the fall of 
the same year 'came again to La Salle County. He< 
passed a year in the mines there and then went to 
St. Louis. A year was passed in the State of Mis- 
souri and in 1856 he came again to Warren County 
with the intent to pass his remaining life within its 
limits. 

He then first entered into the business of a farmer 
in good earnest, and rented land in the township of 
Spring Grove. He operated there a few years-and 
then became an independent landholder in the town- 
ship of Cold Brook. The tract contained coal and 
he opened the hidden treasures and operated as a 
miner until i86(. In the fall of that year he went 
thence to Pike's Peak. He drove an ox team and 
passed two months on the way to his destination in 
the mountains. After reaching there lie engaged in 
gold-mining two months, and, not finding the results 
of his labors satisfactory, he returned to Warren 
County. He passed the first year after his return in 
the township of Cold Brook and then rented a coal- 
bank on section 14, Spring Grove Township. 

fii 1864 he bought a tract of land situated on the 
northeast quarter of section 14, and. as it contained 
a vein of coal, he proceeded to open it for the pur- 
pose of carrying on the same business witli which he 
was familiar. It did not prove a success, and not 






348 



WARREN COUNTY. 



long after he exchanged the land for the same quan- 
tity on the southeast quarter of the same section. 
There he opened a coal-bank, which he has since 
continued to operate with success. In 1872 lie put 
in the shaft and it is the only one in the township. 
The output of the bank is between 40,000 and 60,- 
ooo bushels annually. A view of Mr. Sirncock's 
residence and coal-bank is given on page 344. 

Mr. Simcock was married April 26, 1859, to Janet 
McKelvie. She was born in Ayrshire, Scotland, 
April 16, 1842, and is the mother of 13 children, 12 
of whom are living. Elizabeth is the wife of Enoch 
Wilson, of Spring Grove Township; Ma'.ilda married 
Lincoln Bailey of the same township. Those who 
are unmarried are Margaret J., John, Janet, Thomas, 
Aaron, Annie, Edith, Bertha, Charles and Richard. 
Mr. and Mrs. Simcock are members of the Church 
of God, at Spring Grove. In politics, he has always 
been a strong supporter of the principles of the Re- 
publican party. 




; illiam Crosby became a citizen of what is 
now Kelly Township in 1848. He was 
born in 1815, in Augusta County, Va., and 
is the son of George Crosby, a native of 
Pennsylvania. The latter was born in 1862, 
and settled in the "Old Dominion " in 1804. 
He bought a farm in Augusta County and was its 
owner and occupant tnrough the remainder of his 
life. He was by trade a blacksmith, and during the 
second contest with Great Britain he made horse- 
shoes for the use of the soldiers of the American 
army. His wife was a native of the county where 
her son was born. He was reared on the farm and 
was a pupil in what was called the "subscription 
school." He grew to the age of manhood in Virginia 
and married Maria Wagner, in September, 1839. She 
was born in Augusta County, in 1817. 

For the next eight years Mr. and Mrs. Crosby re- 
mained on the homestead of his father and in 1847 
started to find a home in the West. They traveled 
to Harrison County, Ind., with two horses and a 
wagon, and lived there about a year. In Match, 
1848, they again turned their faces toward the set- 



tine; sun, setting out on the i6th of that month with 
the same outfit as that with which they had left Vir- 
ginia the year previous. They arrived in Warren 
County on the ad day of April, and took possession 
of a claim which the father had secured the fall pre- 
v'ous. It consisted of 80 acres, and afier a few years 
it was found that the title was defective and Mr.^ 
Crosby was obliged to pay for the property a second 
time. Since he secured himself in its ownership he 
has been a continuous resident on the place. He is 
at present the owner also of 80 acres on section i, in 
the same township, and 21 acres of timber on section 
13. He and his wife have nine children living, 
Ruth, May, Elizabeth, George, Sally, John, Benja- 
min, Melinda and Augustus. Mr. Crosby has been 
a life-long adherent of the Democratic party. 




:, iram Ingersoll, a pioneer of Warren County, 
of 1835, was born Feb. 7, 1812, in Cortland 
Co,N. Y. His father, David Ingersoll, 
was a native of Massachusetts and the mother 
was born in Ireland. Her name before her 
marriage was Jane. McCoy. The elder Inger- 
soll located with his family in Broome Co., N. Y., 
when his son was 12 years of age. He was there 
resident until the fall of the year named, in which he 
determined to seek a home in the " far West." He 
removed from his home in the Empire State as far 
as Syracuse, where he took passage on a canal-boat 
for Buffalo. He crossed the lakes from that place to 
Chicago, and there hired a team which brought him 
to Peoria. He came thence to Warren County on 
foot. His father had settled in Kelly Township in 
1833, and in the fall of 1835 Mr. Ingersoll joined 
the family there. He engaged in farming on his fa- 
ther's estate. In the spring following he went to 
Knoxville and passed two months there working at 
his trade of carpentry. He returned to the home of 
his father and pursued the same occupation in War- 
ren Count). In the spring of 1838 he went back to 
the State of his nativity and remained there about a 
year and a half. In the autumn of 1839 he again 
came to Kelly Township, and lived with the family 
of his father until the succeeding spring. In the 
course of that season he built a house for his father 






' 



. 

in -nk 



WARREN COUNTY. 



35' 



and got out the timber preparatory to the construc- 
tion of a saw-mill. He continued to follow the trade 
of carpentry for some years, as he had opportunity. 
In 1846 he was married, and bought a farm on sec- 
tion 22 of the same township in which his parents 
resided, and passing the intervening years between 
that time and 1875 in farming and working at his 
trade. In the year last mentioned he retired from 
the cares and responsibilities of active life and bought 
the place where he has since resided in that part of 
Alexis which is included in Henderson Township, in 
Mercer County. 

Jan. i, 1846, he was married to Cecilia Potter. 
She was born in Ashtabula County, Ohio, March 14, 
1826, and is the daughter of Chester and Eliza (Cas- 
tle) Potter. Her parents were natives of Litchfield, 
Conn., and came to Fulton Co., 111., in 1831. After 
passing a winter there they came, in the spring of 
1832, to Warren County. They located at Rockwell's 
Mills, where they resided at the time of the Black 
Hawk War. The family was in the block-house in 
the fort at the time of the murder of William Martin, 
in 1832. An account of this affair will be found in 
various parts of this work in connection with the 
sketches of those who were witnesses of the flight of 
the savages with the scalp of their victim. In 1833 
Mr. Potter removed to Kelly Township, and in the 
same year he erected a grist-mill on Main Hender- 
son Creek. Soon after he built a saw-mill in con- 
nection with the mill already standing. Mr. and 
Mrs. Potter lived in Kelly Township until the events 
of their death. Mr. and Mrs. Ingersoll had one 
child, which died at the age of nine months. 




^avid J. Shaw is one of the prominent farm- 
ers in the township of Spring Grove. His 
home farm is located on section 8, where 
he is the owner of 210 acres of excellent land 
in the best possible condition. He also owns 
a quarter section of the old homestead farm 
on section 4, Spring Grove Township. 

Mr. Shaw was born June 22, 1840, in Brown Co., 
Ohio. He is the oldest son of Robert and Lucinda 
(Stewart) Shaw. His father was a native of the 

A 



State of Kentucky, but reared in Ohio, to which 
State his parents moved during his early childhood, 
they being among the first permanent settlers in 
Brown County. Robert Shaw was twice married, 
and of the four children left motherless by the death 
of his first wife, one only is now living, Ezra, who is 
a resident of the city of Chicago. Lucinda Stewart, 
the second wife and the mother of the gentleman 
who is the subject of this sketch, was born in Ohio 
and was of English extraction. On the paternal 
side, the family is of Scotch origin. From the second 
marriage were born 12 children, of whom only six 
are now living. Elizabeth removed to Toledo, Tama 
Co., Iowa; James is married and is a citizen of Dav- 
enport, in that State; John lives in the city of Chi- 
cago ; Catherine is the wife of Herman Loveridge, 
of Galesburg, 111.; Laura is living in Toledo, Tama 
Co., Iowa, with her sister. 

Mr. Shaw was 16 years of age when his parents 
came to Warren County. They located on section 
4, in Spring Grove Township, his father purchasing ' 
a farm which contained 240 acres. The claim upon 
which the property was situated, was first settled by 
a man named Stewart, who was one of. a body of 14 
pioneers who made the first settlement in the county. 
The original owner had placed 100 acres under cul- 
tivation, and there was a convenient and fairly good 
log house and stable on the place. The senior 
Shaw made a further purchase of 40 acres on section 
7, and was resident thereon for the remainder of his 
life, with the exception of two years passed in Mon- 
mouth. His death took place in September, 1874, 
his wife following him in April, 1879. 

Mr. Shaw remained at home with his parents until 
his marriage. That event took place Oct. 3, 1861, 
when he became the husband of Nancy Armstrong. 
She was born in Indiana Co., Pa., and was the 
daughter of Thomas and Mary (Johnson) Armstrong. 
Mr. Shaw and his wife located in Mercer County 
soon after their union, and one year later took pos- 
session of the place on which they are now living, 
where he is engaged in mixed husbandry. Mr. and 
Mrs. Shaw are the parents of six children R. 
Thomas, Mary L., William, Clarence, Delia and 
George. Their eldest son occupies the old home- 
stead farm located on section 4. Mary L. is mar- 
ried to Alex. Pease, a farmer of Mercer County. 

Mrs. Shaw has for 25 years been a communicant 
of the Presbyterian Church, Mr. Shaw is a Repub- 



35* 



WARREN COUNTY. 



lican in his political views and connections, and cast 
his first Presidential vote for Abraham Lincoln. 

Two of the brothers of the subject of our sketch, 
Martin Luther and James, were soldiers in the late 
Rebellion. The former was a member of Co. F, 
i;th Regt. 111. Vol. Inf. He took an active part in 
many engagements, participating in the battles of 
Shiloh, Fort Donelson and Vicksburg, among others, 
and during his service of three years was present at 
all the engagements in which his regiment took part. 
On his return home, he was appointed Deputy In- 
ternal Revenue Collector, continuing to fill that im- 
portant position until he received the appointment of 
ticket agent at Monmouth for the Rockford, Rock 
Island & St. Louis Railroad, on the completion of 
the line. About three weeks thereafter he was killed 
at the depot by a train. His death occurred in 
1872, a wife and two children surviving him, who 
are now living in Wilber, Neb. 

James Shaw was a member of the io2d Regt. 111. 
Vol. Inf. Going out during the latter part of the 
war, he served until the close of the great contest. 
Upon his return home, he engaged in farming, sub- 

.equently becoming a merchant at Alexis. He after- 
ard moved to Davenport, Iowa, where he is 

employed in the mercantile business. He is mar- 

ied and the father of several children. 

We present in this connection a portrait of David 
J. Shaw. There will also be found, on page 332, a 
view of his residence, and of the original Shaw 
homestead established by his father. 




eorge W. McMahill, farmer, residing on 
section 31:, Greenbush Township, was 
born in 1826, in Kentucky, and is a son 
of John McMahill, a native of the Keystone 
State. The grandfather of Mr. McMahill, of 
this notice, John McMahill, was kidnapped 
when a small lad by a Captain of a sailing vessel 
from off the coast of Ireland, and was brought to 
this country and settled in Philadelphia, where he 
remained until he was killed by the falling of a tree. 
George W., of whom we write, was married to Miss 
Martha Jane McMahill, May 8, 1848, in Illinois. 



She was born in 1833. They have had no children. 
Mr. McMahill is the owner of some 3,000 acres of 
land, some of it being located in Missouri, some in 
Iowa, and the remainder in McDonough and Warren 
Counties, this State. He is engaged in breeding 
full-blood Short-horn cattle, of which he has some 
40 head. He also has one Holstein cow. His 
horses are of the Norman and Clydesdale breed. In 
religion, he and his wife are members of the Metho- 
dist Episcopal Church, and in politics, Mr. McMa- 
hill always votes the Democratic ticket. 




illiam J. Nicol, a well-to-do farmer of 
Sumner Township, residing on section 
^, has been all his life an inhabitant of 
Illinois, and a resident of Warren County 
since five years of age. He was born Sept. 
18, 1847, in Edgington Township, Rock Island 
Co., 111. James Nicol, his father, is a native of 
Preble, Co., Ohio, and came to Warren Co. before he 
was married. He passed a few years in Rock Isl- 
and County, where he was one of the first settlers. 
He bought land in the township which has been 
named as the one in which his son was born, but at 
that time it was designated by the number which 
was to be found on the charts of the surveyors. He 
remained there until 1852. In that year he removed 
to Warren County and settled in Spring Grove 
Township. After a residence there of five years, he 
sold the farm on which he had lived, and located in 
the township of Sumner. He became a landholder 
on sections 18 and 19 and continued the manage- 
ment of his property there until his decease, which 
transpired March 4, 1861. His wife, Susan (Giles) 
Nicol, was a native of Ohio, and died in 1869. They 
were the parents of four children, and the son who 
is the subject of this personal narration is the only 
survivor. It can justly be said of him that he has 
grown up with Warren County. He lived with his 
parents until their death. 

In 1883, Mr. Nicol was married to Sarah A. Mc- 
Cracken. She is the daughter of Frederick and 
Mary J. McCracken, and is a native of the county 
in which she lives. She was born Jan. 21, 1862. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



353 



The young people located on the Nicol homestead, 
which is the property of the husband. In 1884, Mr. 
Nicol bought the farm which he now owns on section 
12, in the same township, which contains 160 acres. 
The homestead includes 175 acres, and the estate 
on section 19 comprises 105 acres, a total of 440 
acres. Mr. Nicol is engaged in mixed husbandry. 
He and his wife are the parents of one child, Will- 
iam Ira. 




H. Black, a gentleman of push and en- 
ergy among the numerous citizens of his 
vocation, that of a farmer, resides on sec- 
tion 14, Tompkins Township. He was born 
in Greene Co., Ohio, June 16, 1823, his par- 
ents being William and Elizabeth (George) 
Black, natives of Virginia and Pennsylvania respect- 
ively. The parents were married in Greene County, 
Ohio, and there.the father followed the occupation of 
a farmer until 1838, when he came to this State and 
located at Monmouth, this county, and where he re- 
mained for about three years. He was consequently 
a pioneer of this county, and was here to see the 
broad and uncultivated prairie lands in their or- 
iginal condition. He remained at Monmouth 
for the time stated and then moved to Henderson 
County, where, near Olena, he purchased 80 acres 
of land. Here he located with his family and was 
engaged in his chosen vocation until his death, 
which occurred in 1858. His wife survived him until 
1885. Their family comprised nine children, five 
sons and four daughters. 

A. H. Black, whose name stands at the head of 
this notice, was the second in order of birth of his 
parents' children, and remained on the old home- 
stead, assisting his father in the labors of the farm, 
until he attained his 28th year. At this age in life, 
he left the parental roof-tree and went forth to bat- 
tle against the trials of life alone, hoping to procure 
a competency. He at first rented land, and for three 
years was engaged in farming in that manner, when 
he purchased a farm of his own, consisting of 80 
acres, in close proximity to the village of Olena. On 
this land he located and passed his years in labor 
until 1864. He then sold it and came to Kirkwood, 



and purchased a lot and residence there, where he 
resided for two years, when he sold his village prop- 
erty and bought 60 acres on section 14, Tompkins 
Township, on which he removed and there resided 
until 1880. During this year he rented his farm 
and again moved into Kirkwood, where he lived four 
years. At the expiration of that time he moved back 
on his farm and has resided there ever since. He is 
engaged in general farming, having been brought up 
to that calling, and following it the major portion of 
his life is consequently possessed of that knowledge 
of agriculture which enables him to make a success 
of it. 

The marriage of Mr. Black to Miss Martha Ran- 
kin took place Jan. 16, 1851. She was a native of 
Indiana, where she was born, May 27, 1832. Her 
parents were Joseph and Lutitia (Brown) Rankin, 
natives of Ohio and Pennsylvania respectively. They 
came to this State in 1837 and purchased land in 
Henderson County, and lived there until the latter's 
death, in r847- Mr. Rankin went to Kansas after] 
his wife's death, and was there engaged in farming 
until Nov. i, r878, when he crossed the river to meet! 
his companion in the land of the hereafter. 

In politics, Mr. Black is a strong advocate of thej 
principles of the Republican party, with which party 
he always casts his vote. He and his wife are the' 
parents of one child Melissa, who is the wife of 
James Riggs, and by whom she has had four chil- 
dren, who have been named, Cora, Edna, Hugh O. 
and Albert G. Mrs. Black is a member of the Uni- 
ted Presbyterian Church, with which she united at 
the age of 18 years, and has since been a consistent 
member in good standing. She first united with 
that branch of the Church known as Seceders, but 
joined with the union of the Seceders and Associate 
Reformed when they united. 



--- 



W- 




illiam Stark, one of the leading business 
men of Kirkwood and who is engaged in 
the drug trade, is a native of Scotland. 
His father, James Stark, came to America 
in 1835, and settled in Hancock Co., 111., 
where he died the following year. His mother^ 
Mary (Drown) Stark, died in Scotland. William re- 



354 



WARREN COUNTY. 



mained with his parents until their death, when, in 
company with his brother, and sister, he moved on 
the farm in Hancock County, where they lived until 
1849. At that time William engaged as a clerk in 
his brother's store a: Augusta, 111., where he re- 
mained until 1856, when he went to Plymouth, 
and clerked for three years. He then returned 
to the farm where he remained for two years 
longer, when we again find him in his brother's store 
at Augusta. He remained there until 1862, when 
he enlisted in Co. K, ngth 1)1. Vol. Inf., and served 
for 14 months, most of which time was spent in a 
Rebel prison. He was captured at Rutherford, 
Tenn., and remained a prisoner nine months, when 
he was exchanged, and being sick, was honorably 
discharged. He returned to his home in Augusta, 
where he remained until 1867, when he came to 
Kirkwood and embarked in the drug business, and 
is now recognized as one of the most prominent 
business men and influential citizens of the place. 
He owns a fine brick store on Kirk street and 
carries the largest stock of drugs in the village. 

In 1866, the marriage of Mr. Stark and Miss Ellen 
Douglass occurred. She is a native of Kentucky, 
and a daughter of Joseph and Catherine (Eckels) 
Douglass. One child blessed this union, which died 
in infancy. Mr. Stark is a Republican in political 
faith and a member of the Christian Church, and 
also belongs to the G. A. R. 




[ heodore C. Pearce, a farmer, residing on 
section 20, Berwick Township, was born in 
the same township of which he is at pres- 
ent a resident, March 9, 1843. He remained 
with his parents until he was 23 years old, 
working on his father's farm, attending the dis- 
trict schools and supplementing his education by an 
attendance of one year at Monmouth College, and a 
course of two years at Knox College. He is the son 
of Andrew G. Pearce, a native of Ohio, having been 
born in Champaign County, that State, Nov. 16, 
1816. The father came to this State in 1830, and 
located at Pekin, 111., where he remained one year, 
then came to this county, and located in Berwick 



Township, being one of the pioneer settlers of that 
township as well as one of the pioneers of Warren 
County. He married Miss Eliza Powers, May 28, 
1840. She was born Jan. 19, 1819, near Cincin- 
nati, the "Buckeye State." Her parents are both de- 
ceased, having died in Greenbush Township. 

The parents of our subject had a family compris- 
ing four children, as follows: Martha J., born 
March 28, 1841 ; Theodore C., of whom we write, 
Mary C., March 18, 1848, and George T., July i, 
1855. Both of the girls are deceased. 

Mr. Pearce, of this notice, was united in marriage 
with Miss Susan Baldwin, who was likewise born in 
this township, Dec. 13, 1848. Her parents were A. 
N. Baldwin, born in New York, July 20, 1822, and 
Phebe A. (Lewis) Baldwin, born July 9, 1826. Her 
father died Dec. 2, 1873. He was married in 1844, 
and his wife still survives him. Their children were 
12 in number, Mary Ann, Arthur N., Susan A., 
Aletta A., Sarah E., Mary L, Charles L., Lgnnettie, 
Phebe J., John, Minnie A. and Anna G. Five of the ^ 
above are deceased, namely: Mary A., Arthur N., 
Aletta A., Sarah E. and John M. 

The date of the marriage of Mr. Pearce and Miss 
Baldwin was Dec. 19, 1866, Rev. F. Smith, of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, officiating, and of 
their union eight children have been born, of which . 
the following is"a record, Alice M., born May 27, 
1868; Ida G., July n, 1870; May A., May 2, 1872; 
Arthur E., Feb. 16, 1874; Eva L., Aug. ir, 1876; 
Fred G., March 9, 1879 ; Ralph E., June ir, 1881 and 
Bessie, May 29, 1883, all of whom are living. Mr. 
Pearce has 160 acres of good farm land in this 
county, on which is a good dwelling, 66x24 feet in 
dimensions and two stories in height. Its interior is 
handsomely finished, while its exterior surroundings 
are of a character which constitute it an exceedingly 
charming place of residence. His substantial barn is 
40 x 42 feet with i8-foot posts, the entire farm 
being enclosed with a good wire and board fence. 
His stock is kept in first-class condition and two 
roadsters which he owns are of a very fine strain. 

Socially, Mr. Pearce is a member of the A. F. and 
A. M., belonging to Cameron Lodge, No. 625, to 
to which he has belonged for some 15 years, and in 
which order he has held many of the important offices. 
He is also a member of the I. O. O. F., belong- 
ing to Lodge No. 185, Abingdon. Religiously, he 
and his wife are members of the Methodist Episco- 



r 



WARREN COUNTY. 



357 



pal Church. In politics, Mr. Pearce affiliates with 
the Republican party. 

Eliphalet Lewis, the grandfather of Mrs. Pearce, 
was born in New Jersey, May n, 1799, and during 
his early life engaged in the occupation of oyster- 
fishing near Amboy. He came to Illinois irv 1837, 
and for a few years resided near Springfield. He 
then located in Warren County,- and made the first 
improvements on the farm now occupied by Mr. 
Pearce, and upon which he continued to reside until 
his death, June 25,1867. He married Miss Mary 
A. Mills, May 24, 1823. She was born July 21, 
1806, and bore her husband five children, viz.: 
Henry, born in February, 1824; Phebe A., July 9, 
1826; Mary A., July 3, 1838; Susan E., Oct. 12, 
1841, and Thomas P., Aug. 12, 1843, all of whom 
are living. 



f 




| obert W. Gerlaw, one of the largest land- 
owners in Warren County and a prominent 
example of what may be accomplished by 
a straightforward, energetic and determined 
man, is the founder of the village of Gerlaw, 
near where he resides. He is a native of 
Greene Co., Ohio, where he was born on the 4th of 
March, 1817. Adam and Catherine (Haines) Ger- 
law, his parents, had a family of ten children, of 
whom Robert W. was the fifth child in order of birth. 
Adam Gerlaw was born in Washington Co., Md., 
about the year 1781. His father's name was also 
Adam, who was a native of Germany. He came to 
this country and settled in the Colony of South 
Carolina prior to the Revolutionary War. He en- 
listed in the service of his adopted country in that 
heroic conflict for American liberty, and bore an 
honorable part in aiding to establish our independ- 
ence and laying the foundations of the splendid in- 
stitutions that we now enjoy. At the close of that 
war he removed to Maryland, and about the year 
1808, with his family, became pioneers of Greene 
Co., Ohio. Here he died about 1821. To him is 
due the credit of establishing this branch of the Ger- 
law family on American soil. No language can pic- 
ture the hardships and suffering of the pioneer of 



that early period, which was the price paid for the 
blessings we enjoy to-day in this country. His wife, 
the grandmother of Robert W., was for a short time 
a prisoner in the hands of the Indians, but was lib- 
erated after the treaty of Greenville. 

Adam Gerlaw, Jr., as was observed, was born in 
Maryland, where he was married, and with his father 
removed to Greene Co., Ohio, and, like the elder 
Gerlaw, became a prominent pioneer of that section. 
Here the family cleared a patch of ground, built the 
accustomed log cabin and engaged in farming in a 
crude way. They likewise endured such privations 
and hardships as were incident to life in a new coun- 
try of that day. The Gerlaws have always been an 
energetic and industrious people. Adam became, 
for that period, a very successful farmer and stock- 
raiser. He was a man of a kind heart and sterling 
character, and greatly beloved by his family. The 
following incident will illustrate their attachment for 
him: His first seven children were sons, and they 
all remained with him, aiding him in his farming 
and other operations till all of them attained the 
. years of manhood, and it was in a large measure ow- 
ing to their united efforts that he acquired his wealth. 
He continued to own his property, both personal 
and real, until his death, when it was inherited by 
his children. He was a soldier in the War of 1812, 
and in that struggle nobly did his part in upholding 
the national honor which his father had fought to 
attain. Politically, he was a Whig, and always op- 
posed to the institutions of slavery. He was a 
member of the German Lutheran Church, and his 
wife, Catherine Haines, who was also descended 
from German parentage, worshiped with him. They 
had ten children, all of whom reached the years of 
maturity, and eight of whom are living at this writing 
(January, 1886). Those deceased are David and 
Adam. Those living are Jacob, Otho, Robert W., 
Arthur, Jonathan, Francis Catherine (wife of Benja- 
min Clark), Henry Harrison, and Jane, wife of 
Emanuel Hawker. Mrs. Gerlaw, mother of Robert 
W., died in 1852, at their residence in Greene Co., 
Ohio. Her husband died while on a vist to his son, 
Robert W., in this county, in 1857. 

Robert W., the, subject of this sketch, was edu- 
cated in the log school house in the neighborhood 
where his parents resided. Such educational advant- 
ages, as we might infer, were very meager. He has, 
however, supplemented them by careful reading and 



35 8 



ry~; 

WARREN COUNTY. 



study, so that to-day we find him to be a gentlemen 
well versed on the important questions of the hour. 
In conversation he is most interesting, with a vein 
of humor pervading his remarks which makes them 
piquant and pleasing to listen to. In the autumn of 
1850 he came to Warren County, and for about 16 
months worked on a farm. He was then married to 
Mary Jane Black, who was the daughter of Jonathan 
and Abagail Black, who were both natives of Penn- 
sylvania and of Irish extraction. The above named 
union took place March 16, 1852, and the August 
following they moved upon the farm where they now 
reside. Mr. G. had previously erected a house 
there, which is on section 34, Spring- Grove Town- 
ship. 

Mr. and Mrs. Gerlaw have had born to them five 
children namely: Robert Dayton (deceased), Ella 
M., Mary Abagail, Sarah and Frank L. Those liv- 
'ing all reside at home. Mr. Gerlaw has given them 
the advantages of a good education and many priv- 
ileges which he did not enjoy. His wife is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church. 

In politics, Mr. Gerlaw was first a Whig, and on 
the formation of the Republican party became iden- 
tified with it, since which time he has been a sup- 
porter of its principles. He voted both times for 
Abraham Lincoln, with whom he was well ac- 
quainted, and twice for Grant. During the late 
Slave-holders' Rebellion, he was a staunch Union 
man. He was elected several terms Supervisor for 
Spring Grove Township, and during the war acted as 
agent in selling the township bonds to raise money 
to pay the bounty for the soldiers required to fill its 
quota. He also went to Quincy, where he hired a 
number of substitutes. 

Mr. Gerlaw began life with but little of this world's 
goods, in fact, about all he did possess was his 
strong arms and abundance of energy, and thus 
equipped, he set out, with the help of his good wife, 
to carve out that success which has since crowned 
their efforts. By dint of good jugment in making in- 
vestments, he has succeeded in accumulating for 
himself and family a very handsome competency. 
Later in life upon the death of his father, he inher- 
ited $10,000, which he invested in a judicious man- 
ner. He also owns- a fine farm of 1,300 acres in 
Nemaha Co., Neb., which is fenced and well stocked 
with good graded cattle and supplied with comfort- 
able buildings. 



In May, 187 i, Mr. Gerlaw laid out the town which 
is named in his honor, and which is situated on a 
portion of the home farm and on the line of the 
Rockford, Rock Island & St. Louis Railroad, now 
the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Railroad. The 
village is in a growing condition, enjoys considerable 
trade and is a place from which a great deal of stock 
is annually shipped. It is well supplied with schools 
and churches and is quite prosperous. A fine bird's- 
eye-view of the town, as well as a view of the hand- 
some residence and surroundings of Mr. Gerlaw's 
home, is shown by a well executed engraving on an 
adjoining page. The act of founding this village 
will cause the name of Robert Gerlaw to be long re- 
membered by the people of this county, and he de- 
servedly merits the respect in which he is held by 
his fellow citizens. 



-S3- 



-e*- 




}: uben Holeman, engaged in farming on sec- 
tion 32, Roseville Township, was born in 
Indiana, Jan. 20, 1817. His parents, Isaac 
and Nancy (Cleghorn) Holeman, were natives 
of North Carolina, and the mothers 's demise 
occurred while in Jackson Co., Ind. The 
father came to Illinois in 1848 and settled in Swan 
Township, where he engaged quite extensively in 
agricultural pursuits, and became the father of eight 
children, seven of whom still survive. 

Ruben Holeman remained at home assisting his 
father in the labors on the farm, and alternating his 
labors thereon by attendance at the common schools 
until he attained his 2ist year. At that age in life 
he began farming for himself on a rented farm, which 
he continued for two years, and, in 1847, came to 
Illinois and settled in Geenbush Township, this 
county, then, in 1849, removed to Roseville Town- 
ship and purchased too acres on section 32, and 
lived on the same seven years. He then sold it and 
purchased 437 acres of land, some of it being located 
in Swan Township. He now resides on section 32 
Roseville Township, where he has erected a fine res- 
idence, with suitable outbuildings and made all his 
improvements. 

In 1844 he was married to Miss Susanna Crab, a 




WARREN COUNTY. 



359 



native of Indiana and daughter of James and Pau- 
lina (Thelkeld) Crab, natives of Kentucky, who en- 
gaged in the occupation of farming in Indiana, where 
they resided until their death. The family of Mr. 
and Mrs. Holeman consists of eight children, all of 
whom are living John VV., Daniel B., Ugriah C., 
Isaac A., Theodore, Albert A., Orville L. and Eliza 
Ann. Eliza A. is the wife of Isaac Perkins, and 
they are the parents of seven children ; Daniel B. 
married Harriet Smith, and they have become the 
parents of two children ; John W. married Mary, 
Hosier and they have one child ; Uriah C. married 
Usitta Rowland, and they have a family of two 
children ; Theodore married Ida Carr, and their 
family consists of two children.' 

Mr. Holeman has held the office of Assessor, 
Road Commissioner, Collector, and School Trustee. 
He and his wife are members of the Christian 
Church, and he is considered one of the solid and 
substantial men of Warren County. Politically he 
affiliates with the Democratic party. 




K%tephen Dixson, deceased, was formerly a 
resident of the township of Point Pleasant. 
He was born in Preble Co., Ohio, Dec. 21, 
1814, and was the son of Eli and Rebecca 
(Hart) Dixson. His parents removed to In- 
diana when he was four years old and he 
there grew to the estate of manhood. He was trained 
in the pursuit of agriculture, and was married in the 
Hoosier State. The lady whom he married was the 
sister of the wife of his brother, Eli, and was Miss 
Amanda, the daughter of Drury B. and Rebecca 
(Hurd) Boyd. In 1854 her parents came from 
Greene County to Warren County, and located on 
section i, in Point Pleasant Township. The husband 
had previously purchased there a considerable tract 
of unimproved land, and made it his home until 
his death, which took place March i, 1879. His 
wife died May 3, 1861. He was a man of industri- 
ous habits, and at the time of his decease was the 
owner of upwards of 600 acres of valuable farming 
lands. 

Three of their children lived to mature life. Eli 



B. is a resident of Bushnell, McDonough Co., 111. 
Margaret was born Oct. 27, 1855, and was the wife 
of Andrew L. Madison. She died in March, 1879, 
leaving two children. Elizabeth is the wife of Alex- 
ander Elston, and they reside in Kansas. 

Mr. Dixson was prominent in his defense of mo- 
rality and temperance and liberal in his religious 
views. He enjoyed the respect and esteec 
fellowmen in the community of which he yfas a 
ber. 





( rury B. Boyd, a pioneer settler at Point 
Pleasant Township, was born in the State 
of Virginia, May 12, 1780. He was the 
son of George and Jemima (Birge) Boyd, and 
was early orphaned by their deaths. He was 
made an apprentice to a trade, and when still 
young went to the State of Georgia. There he was 
married to Elizabeth, the daughter of George and 
Nancy (Dean) Hurd. She was born in Georgia and 
soon after their marriage they went to Kentucky, 
where they located in Bath County and the husband 
utilized his good education in teaching and in the al- 
ternate seasons he worked at his trade. They lived 
there until 1822, when they went to Pulaski County, 
in the same State, and remained there until 1825. 
They removed thence to Greene Co., Ind., where 
they were among the earliest of the pioneer element. 
They located on land which was covered with heavy 
timber and their two sons were occupied with the 
work of clearing the farm, while the father worked at 
his trade. After a time he purchased a saw-mill. 
His wife died Aug. 14, 1835, and he was again mar- 
ried, about two years later, to Elizabeth Kelshaw. 

The children of George and Nancy (Dean) Hurd 
were Mary, George, Elizabeth and Nancy. Mary 
was married to Joseph Dixson and died in Greene 
Co., Ind. George is married and lives in Georgia. 
Elizabeth was the wife of Drury B. Boyd, subject of 
this sketch. Nancy became the wife of Sanford 
Raimy, and they live in Preble Co., Ohio. 

While living in Indiana he was twice elected to 
represent his District and served two terms in the 
Legislature of that State. After his removal to War- 
ren County, he located at Ellison and a few years 



t * 



360 



WARREN COUNTY. 



later settled on section 2, of Point Pleasant Town- 
ship, where he died, Sept. 7, 1856. His wife was, 
killed in the tornado at Ellison in 1858. Two of 
their children are still living. Mrs. Dixson is repre- 
sented elsewhere in this work, and it is through her 
interest in the preservation of the records of her fam- 
ily circle that these sketches of the members of the 
family haye been obtained. Her only sister is the 
wife of Elisha Hughen, of Point Pleasant Township, 
of whom a sketch is given in this work. 

Mr. Boyd and his family made the trip from Ken- 
tucky to Greene County with horse-teams. They 
settled in a small log house, of the. most unpreten- 
tious style, until the father could clear a place, upon 
which he erected a double-hewed log house. 




errine Holman, a farmer residing on sec- 
tion 21, Tompkins Township, where he is 
actively engaged in the labors of Jiis voca- 
tion, is a native of New Jersey, having been 
born in that State, Aug. 20, 1819, of parents 
named Kenneth and Sarah (Jemison) Holman, 
natives of the same State. Perrine Holman was an 
inmate of his father's household until lie attained the 
age of 22 years, and received a good education in the 
common schools. Arriving at the age named, he 
set out to battle against the trials ^of life alone, with 
naught but strong arms and a firm determination to 
" get on " in the world. He first worked out by the 
month and was engaged in accumulating in that 
manner for five years. He then embarked in the 
oyster trade, and followed that for five years, when 
he rented a farm, which he cultivated for another 
period of five years. At the expiration of this time, 
in 1853, he came to this State and located in Hen- 
derson County, where he purchased 40 acres of land, 
on which he moved and was actively and laboriously 
engaged in its cultivation for four years. He then 
sold his land in Henderson County and moved to 
Tompkins Township, this county, where he pur- 
chased another 4o-acre tract on which he moved his 
family and where he is to-day residing, meeting with 
success in his vocation. 

His first marriage, with Mrs. Elizabeth Meech, 



took place in 1844. She was also a native of New 
Jersey. The second marriage of Mr. Holman was 
with Mrs. Annett Star, a native of New York State, 
and took place Oct. 6, 1881. She came West in 
1875. By her first marriage with Mr. Star six chil- 
dren were born, three of whom are living and three 
are dead. The living children are Emery A., Susan 
E. and Elmer R. Star, and by the latter union, one 
child, Alida M. Holman, was born. In politics, Mr. 
Holman is a Greenbacker, and is one of the success- 
ful farmers of Tompkins Township. 








mery H. Crandall, Supenntendent of the 
County Infirmary, located in Lenox Town- 
ship, Warren County, is a son of Richard 
and Sybil (Armstrong) Crandall, natives of 
New York and Wisconsin respectively. They 
married and settled in the Keystone State, and 
in March, 1860, came to Warren County, locating in 
Lenox Township, but removed to Monmouth in the 
fall of 1871, where they still reside. Five children 
were born to them, as follows : Melvina J., Emery 
H., Martha, Armstrong and Lydia A. 

Emery H., of whom this personal sketch is written, 
was born in Erie Co., Pa., Aug. 8, 1843, and re- 
mained at home, receiving a good common-school 
education and assisting his father on the farm, thus 
fully initiating him in the arts of agriculture, and 
accompanied his parents to Warren County. He 
has since been a resident of this county with the 
exception of about ten months spent in the army. 
He purchased land at different times until he is now 
the proprietor of 240 acres, which, through his ex- 
cellent knowledge of improving and cultivating, he 
has all under an advanced state of cultivation, and 
it is considered second to none in his township. 

July 26, 1862, Mr. Crandall enlisted in Co. C, 
83d 111. Vol. Inf., in which he served for about ten 
months, being discharged at Cairo, this State, on ac- 
count of disability. He then returned to the more 
peaceful pursuit of agriculture. 

Mr. Emery H. Crandall and Miss Kate Williams 
were united in the holy bonds of matrimony, at 
Monmouth, on the 22d of November, 1865, she be- 







WARREN COUNTY. 



363 



ing a native of Crawford Co., Pa., having been born 
there March 18, 1848. Her parents, Peter and 
Lamira (Woods) Williams, were both natives of the 
Keystone State, and in the year 1856, emigrated 
westward to Warren County, this State, and located 
in Roseville Township. They afterward removed to 
Iowa and from there to Kansas, where the father, 
Mr. Williams, died, March 1 1, 1880. The mother 
still survives. They had become the parents of n 
children, namely : Sarah L., Margaret E., William 
S., Cyrus, Kate (our subject's wife), Robert, Theo- 
dore, Alice, Carson, Chester and Estella. Mr. and 
Mrs. Emery H. Crandall's home has been blessed 
with the birth of four children, the names of whom 
are Archie, Minnie E., Francis E. and Maude G. 

Mr. Crandall has served his township as School 
Trustee for six years, also as School Director, and 
in December, 1884, was appointed to take charge of 
the County Infirmary in Lenox Township, in which 
are from 25 to 40 inmates. Mr. Crandall and wife 
are members of the Methodist Episcopal Church, 
and, in politics, Mr. C. affiliates with the Republican 
party. 

<% 

Chancy Hardin. Prominent among the 
names of men who, by their energy, good 
judgment and perseverance, laid broad 
and deep in her pioneer days, the foundation 
for the subsequent growth, development and 
material prosperity of Warren County, stands 
the name of Chancy Hardin.* Occupying as he has 
for the last 45 years, close business relations with 
the citizens of the county, and being conspicuouous 
among the few far-sighted men who early appreciated 
the importance of railroads in promoting the settle- 
ment of a new country, and the consequent benefits 
resulting therefrom, it is not, therefore a matter of 
comment to find Mr. Hardin one of the trio who 
were in the van of the railroad builders in this 
county. 

Mr. Hardin of this notice is the second son of 
Chancy and Anna (Gates) Hardin, and was born Jan. 
15, 1815, in Richfield, Otsego Co., N. Y. He is de- 
scended from a long line of English ancestry, the 




father of Mr. Hardin used the "g" in his name 
in the early part of his life, but left it off about the same 
time as his son Chancy did. The other sou, Harry G., 
retains the " g." 



family being transplanted to America by Nathan 
Hardin, who landed at Cape Cod in the year 1640. 
His grandson, Chancy Hardin, was born at Middle 
Haddam, Conn., Jan. 8, 1775, and died at Iowa 
Falls, Dec. u, 1876. His first wife, the mother of 
Chancy, the subject of this sketch, was also born at 
Middle Haddam, n years later than her husband, 
and died at Richfield, Otsego Co., N. Y., April 6, 
1819, whither they had previously removed. Of 
their union, there were only two sons who lived to 
attain the age of maturity, both of whom yet survive, 
Harry G. and Chancy. Some time after tbe death 
of his first wife, Mr. Hardin married Miss Sally 
Martin, who was born in Olsego Co., N. Y., Nov. 3, 
1794, and who died at Iowa Falls, Iowa, in April, 
1885. By the last marriage, three daughters were 
born, Mary Ann, wife of Justin Soule ; Fidelia, wife 
of A. E. Arnold; Arzelia, wife of S. P. Smith, all of 
horn are living. The elder Hardin came to Illi- 
nois in 1858; the next year moved to Iowa Falls, 
Iowa, where two of the daughters reside, and the ' 
other is living in Battle Creek, Mich. 

Chancy Hardin spent his boyhood days on his' 
father's farm, and his early education was acquired** 
in the common schools of the neighborhood. When 1 
about the age of 21, he began clerking in a store in 
Burlington Flats, Otsego Co., N. Y., and continued 
in that position about two and a half years. He 
served the first six months for his board; the second 
six months for board and $10 per month, after which 
he received $35 per month for his services. Desir- 
ing to better his financial condition in life, he con- 
cluded to come West, and soon started, landing 
at Monmouth, July 4, 1840. From his home in New 
York he went to Chicago, via the canal and lakes, 
and from the latter city his conveyance to this place 
was by means of a two-horse farm wagon, the time 
required to make the journey being three weeks. A 
few months after reaching Monmouth. he was em- 
ployed in the store of James E. Hogue at a salary of 
$35 per month. 

In August, 1840, Mr. Hardin and wife began 
housekeeping, and as it may be interesting to the 
reader of the present day to learn something in re- 
gard to the inconveniences and privations of the 
early settlers, we deem it appropos to give something 
in detail in regard to their early housekeeping. Mr. 
Hardin relates that their table consisted of a dry- 
goods box ; dry-goods boxes were used for stools and 



364 



WARREN COUNTY. 






one for a cupboard, with a curtain in front for doors. 
This will illustrate to some extent the prudent meth- 
ods of Mr. Hardin and wife when they began house- 
keeping. Though he had at that time $800 in 
currency, the careful economy thus practiced and 
adhered to through a long life is no doubt the true 
reason of the success which has attended his efforts. 
After clerking for a time for Mr. Hogue, he sold out 
the remnant of the goods ot auction for his employer, 
after which he accepted the appointment of Deputy 
Sheriff and Constable for one year. 

In the spring of 1843, Mr. Hardin moved on a 
farm of 640 acres, located in Tompkins Township, a 
part of which he had previously purchased and the 
balance leased. By additional purchases he in- 
creased his landed interests to 1,000 acres, and con- 
tinued farming, stock-raising and feeding until 1850, 
when he sold the land for $12 per acre on ten years' 
time at six per cent, interest. In the fall of 1850, 
Mr. Hardin moved to Monmouth, where he has 
since resided. His business since that time has 
almost exclusively been devoted to loaning money 
and dealing in real estate, in which he has been 
eminently successful. 

In 1853, in company with Gen. A. C. Harding 
and Judge Ivory Quinby, Mr. Hardin built the rail- 
road from Burlington to Knoxville, and, after com- 
pleting and operating it for about six months, they 
sold it to the Chicago, Burlington & Quincy Rail- 
road Company. They took the contract originally 
to build and equip the road, that is, to make the bed, 
bridges, tie and iron it and to put in side-tracks, for 
$13,500 per mile. They carried out the contract, 
which seems a remarkably low figure, but the rail- 
road company failing to furnish the money to them 
as per estimates agreed upon, a second arrangement 
was entered into, by which the railroad company 
furnished the iron at the rate of $5.000 per mile, ex- 
cept the bottom division of seven and a half miles, 
which the contractors built at a cost of $18,400 per 
mile. Messrs. Hardin & Co.. knowing the route be- 
forehand that the road would take, purchased such 
tracts of land as were desirable for town sites, and 
thereby made considerable money by the laying out 
of towns and the sale of lots, and also on the land 
they owned lying adjacent to the town. They laid 
out the South Addition to the city of Monmouth, 
and were also the founders of the towns of Kirkwood 
and Riggsville. The above comprises the railroad 



experience of Mr. Hardin, which important enter- 
prise gave to the county its first eastern and western 
outlet. 

In 1860, Mr. Hardin and sons purchased a large 
hardware stock in Monmouth, and engaged in mer- 
chandising, which, under the firm style of C. Hardin 
& Sons, they conducted for seven years. After that 
Mr. Hardin established three banks, one at Dodge 
Center, one at Wasseca, Minn., in 1873, and the 
other at Eldora, Iowa, in 1877. The business of the 
banks was carried on by his sons and sons-in-law. 
Mr. Hardin has recently sold the bank at Dodge 
Center, and his sons have returned to this county to 
assist in looking after their father's interests. The 
other banks are managed by J. D. K. Smith and A. 
P. Jamison, his so*ns-in-law. Mr. Hardin was one 
of the organizers of the Monmouth National Bank, in 
1870; was Vice-President and Director until the 
bank was sold to George F. Harding and others, in 
1874. In January, 1875, Mr. H., with his brother 
Harry G., and others, organized the Second National 
Bank of Monmouth. With this bank he has since 
been identified as President and Director. Almost 
immediately upon its organization, the bank attained 
prominence in financial circles, which it has ever 
maintained. This is largely due to the liberal yet 
conservative manner in which its business is trans- 
acted. 

In addition to his other large enterprises, Mr. 
Hardin has for many years carried on farming upon 
an extensive scale, and at this writing he farms over 
2,000 acres in this county, besides 3,000 acres in 
Iowa and 3,000 acres in Minnesota. The principal 
part of his farming is devoted to stock raising and 
feeding. It may be here stated, however, that the 
foundation of his fortune was laid by judicious in- 
vestments in real estate. He has borne an honora- 
ble part in aiding to build up the city of Monmouth, 
and several handsome and substantial blocks owe 
tl'eir erection to his enterprise. Since the founda- 
tion of Monmouth College, he has been a member of 
the Board of Trustees, and has been actively and 
prominently identified with its success and growth. 

Mr. Hardin was married in the city of Chicago, 
Aug. 27, 1840, to Miss Harriet A. Gordon, a native 
of Richfield Springs, Otsego Co., N. Y. She was a 
daughter of Samuel S. and Rebecca (Lee) Gordon. 
Her father was a native of Connecticut, where he 
born Dec. 13, 1783. His grandparents, Alex- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



35 






ander Gordon, and Jane, his wife, left Ireland and 
arrived in Boston, Mass.. in 1719. They subse- 
quently settled in the colony of Connecticut. They 
were both of Scotch-Irish parentage, and brought 
with them to this country five children. To them 
belong the credit of establishing that branch of the 
family in the United States and which has since be- 
come quite numerous. In religious belief, they were 
Presbyterians. The wife and mother, Jane Gordon, 
died May 14, 1774, and Alexander Gordon, the 
pioneer, died July 27, 1774, at the advanced age of 
103 years, both of their deaths taking place at their 
home in Connecticut. One of the sons of Al- 
exander, John Gordon, was married to Janet Carr, 
March 30, 1732, and they had a family of four chil- 
dren, of whom Samuel S. was the second child. His 
father, John Gordon, died in 1797, and his widow 
survived until her 82^ year. 

Samuel S. Gordon, father of Mrs. Hardin, the 
wife of the subject of this notice, was by trade a 
clothier, and when he grew to manhood he moved 
to and settled in Otsego Co., N. Y. There he became 
acquainted with and married Rebecca Lee, their 
wedding taking place about 1807. She was of Eng- 
lish descent. Her parents were John and Anna 
Lee, and they were also residents in early life of 
Connecticut; afterwards removed to Otsego Co., N. 
Y., where Mrs. Gordon resided until her death, 
which took place about the year 1853. Mr. Gordon 
scbsequently came to this county and lived with Mr. 
and Mrs. Hardin, at whose home he died, Dec. i , 
1873, at the venerable age of 90 years. Two other 
children of Mr. and Mrs. Gordon had previously 
moved to this State, John L. Gordon and N. Maria, 
wife of Brainard Root. They are dead and both 
buried at Monmouth. Mary Ann, the other chilil, 
died in Michigan, and is also buried at Monmouth. 
This branch of the Lee family first settled in East- 
ern New York, and subsequently removed to the 
western part of the same State. Mr. and Mrs. Gor- 
don had a family of eight children, three sons and 
five daughters, of whom Mrs. Hardin was the fifth 
child in order of birth, and the only children now 
living are Mrs. Hardin and a brother, Daniel B. 
Gordon, of Oswego, N. Y. 

As the fruits of the above union, Mr. Hardin and 
wife had born to them six children. Arzelia, wife of 
A. P. Jamison, resident of Wasseca, Minn; Delavan 
S., who was married to Mary E. Parsons, a native of 



Northamptonshire, England, and is residing in Mon- 
mouth; Nina is the wife of J. D. K. Smith, and their 
home is in Eldora, Iowa; Chancy Dewit married 
Clara V. Smith, of Mt. Pleasant, Iowa ; Jennie be- 
came the wife of Frank Brownell, and they reside in 
Granville, N. Y. ; Dewane died in infancy. The two 
sons are managing Mr. H.'s farms in this county 
and are also partners with their father and sons-in- 
law in the banking business in Iowa and Minnesota, 
which is conducted under the name of C. Hardin & 
Sons. 

Since 1840, Mr. Hardin and wife have been mem- 
bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church. During 
the late war, Mr. Hardin was a staunch Union man. 
His son Delavan S. was a soldier for about a year. 
Mr. Hardin's success in life may be attributed to hi 
careful, conservative and methodical manner of do- 
ing things. His judgment on business and financial 
matters is regarded by his friends as being eminently 
sound, and he ranks as not only among the most 
prominent successful business men of Warren County, . 
but also in this part of the State. 

Perhaps the portrait of no other man in Warren 
County will be looked upon with more interest, or 
be more appropriate in this ALBUM, than that of Mr. 
Chancy Hardin, which the publishers take pleasure 
in giving in connection with this sketch. 




illiam P. Jones, owner of 165 acres of ex- 
cellent farm land, on section 22, Swan 
Township, and one of the earliest pioneers 
p of Warren County, was born in Kentucey, 
Nov. n, 1810. He was a son of Elijah 
Jones, born in Old Virginia, who married Miss 
Sarah Hamrock, about the year r8oi, the ceremony 
taking place in North Carolina. She was born in 
Virginia, in 1777, and of their union seven children 
were born: Susanna, born in 1802; Wyley, in 1804; 
Margaret, in 1809; William P., in 1810; Jessie, in 
1812; John, in 1814; and Elizabeth, in 1816. Mrs. 
Jones, mother of our subject, died ia Illinois, in 
1857, the father in 1833, in Kentucky. 

William P. Jones, of whom we write, was married 
in 1829, to Miss Adora Strode, who was born in 



3 66 



WARREN COUNTY. 



> 



1810, in Kentucky, the ceremony being performed by 
the Rev. IWilliam Whitman. Of their union nine 
children have been born, namely : Mary A., born 
April 19, 1830; Sarah A., April 15, r833 ; Cynthia 
A., Jan. 24,1834; Elijah, Jan. 29, 1836; Elizabeth, 
Sept.] 8, 1838; Catherina, Oct. 12, 1841; Angelina, 
Sept. 6, 1845; William, May 4, 1848; and Peter, 
Nov. 7, 1850. Only five of the children still sur- 
vive. Mrs. Jones, wife of our subject, died April 7, 
1877. 

William P. Jones came to Illinois in 1835, and 
first located in Greenbush Township. He is a thor- 
oughly informed, practical agriculturist, having pur- 
sued that avocation nearly all his life, and has been 
abundantly blessed with prosperity, which invariably 
is the reward of the industrious and intelligent tiller 
of the soil. In political opinion, Mr. Jones is a 
Democrat, having voted for " Hickory " Jackson. He 
is a member of the Baptist Church, of which denom- 
ination his wife was also a member. Mr. Jones is 
now living with one of his sons, Peter B., who mar- 
ried Miss Ellen Threlkeld, Feb. 6, 1878. They have 
become the parents of five children, Mary Grace, 
Inez A., Glen A., Frank M. and Wilford. 



-Of 




^avid Duffield, a successful farmer, owning 
a valuable farm, located on section 14, " 
Berwick Township, was born Dec. 30, 
1837, in McHenry County, this State. His 
father, Nathan Duffield, was a native of Vir- 
ginia, where he was born, in 1817. He 
was united in marriage with Miss Elizabeth P. 
Duffield, a farmer's daughter, of Virginia, and in 
which State she was born, in 1820, and who bore 
him ten children, and departed this life in 1878. 
Their children were named David, Caroline, Jeru- 
sha, John, Thomas M., Martha, Charles, Nathan, 
Jane and Alice. The father died Dec. 9, 1885. 

David Duffield, subject of this biographical notice, 
has passed the years of his life that are gone in ag- 
ricultural pursuits. He was reared on a farm and 
acquired an education in the common schools of his 
native State. Nov. 5, 1869, he was united in mar- 
riage with Miss Lydia A. Stafford, in Otsego Co., N. 

LA 



Y. She was born July 13, 1844. Of their union 
three children have been born, namely : Lalla E., 
born June 14, 1872; Arlie S., born Nov. 26, 1875 ; 
and Cyrus A., born Sept. 26, 1881. 

The parents of Mrs. Duffield, S. P. and Sarah 
(Smith) Stafford, were born in New York, in iSrs 
and 1818, respectively. They had five children, 
Maria, born 1841 ; Lydia A., in 1844; Joseph, in 
1847 ; Amanda, in 1853 ; and Sarah, in i86r. Mr. 
Duffield is at present pleasantly situated on 80 acres 
of good farm land, located on section 14, Berwick 
Township, which he owns, and is active engaged in 
his chosen vocation. He has been Township Col- 
lector for a number of years and School Director 
for quite a long time. Politically, he is a Jefferson- 
ian Democrat. Mrs. Duffield is a member of the 
Christian Church. 




|enry Charles Parsons, a former citizen of 
the township of Sumner, was born in 1-- 
Fletcher, Vt., in 1820, and was the son of 
Elder and Charlotte Parsons. In his early 
youth his mother was removed by death and he . 
became an inmate of the household of a man 
named George Buck, with whom he passed the re- 
maining years of his minority. He was brought up 
with a thorough knowledge of farming, and received 
such education as the common schools of that day 
afforded. 

The first prominent event of his adult life was his 
marriage to Abigail Buck, who became his wife Dec. 
25, 1846. She was the daughter of Murray and 
Polly (Thorp) Buck and her parents were natives of 
the Green Mountain State. In the maternal line of 
descent she was of Connecticut origin. Before mar- 
riage Mr. Parsons had bought a small farm in Buck 
Hollow, in Franklin Co., Vt., which became the 
home of himself and his bride. After living on the 
place two years, the sold out and came to Warren 
County, arriving in 1848. Their route of travel was 
via Lake Champlain, Cham plain Canal and Erie 
Canal to Buffalo, and thence by the lakes to Chicago. 
In that city Mr. Parsons bought a pair of horses and 
set forth for his point of destination. One of the 
horses sickened and died on the road. The father 



(li >tt 



ITCHEY, SEC.2..SPRIN6 Gf?OVETOWNSHI P. 



EC., 26. LENOX TOWNS HI p. 










RESIDENCE- or A.A.CHAPMAN^EC-.SS.SPRING GROVETOWNSHIP. 



A 

T 



WARREN COUNTY. 



369 



traded the remaining animal for another span and 
successfully com pled the journey. He located in 
Hale Township on the farm owned by Murray Buck. 
After two years he bought 160 acres of land on sec- 
tion 33, in the same township. At first he built a 
small frame house, of which his family took posses- 
sion, and then he turned his attention to the work of 
improving his land. Two years later the house was 
burned with all its contents. A good and substan- 
tial brick house replaced the primitive structure of 
the pioneer and was his home during the remaining 
years of his earthly course. He made subsequent 
purchases of land and at the time of his death was 
the owner of 240 acres, finely stocked and furnished 
with modern farming implements of the most ap- 
proved patterns. His demise took place Nov. 1 6, 
1869. He was a Republican and a practical tem- 
perance man. Six of the children of which he and 
his wife became the parents are living. Wealthy is 
married to Marion Harrison of Sumner Township. 
Mary is the wife of William Morrison. They settled 
at Atlantic, Iowa. Horace resides on the homestead. 
Henry and Grant are also residents thereon. Pearl 
is the youngest. 




Alexander A. Chapman, a farmer on sec- 
tion 35, in the township of Spring Grove, 
like so many of the first settlers in this part 
of the United States, is the descendant of a 
family of New England origin. Ashbel Chap- 
man, his grandfather, was born in the section 
of this country first settled in the days of the Pil- 
grims, and removed thence to Cayuga Co., N. Y., in 
the beginning of the present century. At that period 
the Empire State was in its infancy, the greater por- 
tion of it still covered with the primeval forest. The 
tract on which the elder Chapman located was in the 
same condition as when his ancestors landed upon 
the bleak Massachusetts coast nearly two centuries 
below. He went sturdily at the work of clearing the 
the wilderness, and in due time had reclaimed a suf- 
ficient spot of ground and erected the first homestead. 
The, then, nearest point was the Mohawk River, some 
150 miles distant. With the breaking out of the dif- 
ficulties engendered by the second struggle between 



this country and England, our pioneer turned from 
his axe and plow to assist in the settlement of his 
rights and to aid in the defense of what had been 
secured by his forefathers. He continued to reside 
in New York till about 1836, when he removed to 
Ohio, locating in Summit County, where he passed 
to his rest at the ripe age of 80 years. 

Orson C. Chapman, his son, married Rebecca 
Giffbrd, a native of the State of New York. He was 
born Feb. 26, 1801, previous to the removal of the 
family to Cayuga County. After marriage he oper- 
ated there as a business man until 1834, when he 
removed thence to Oswego County, in the same 
State, where he passed about ten years, and remov- 
ing later to Ohio, where he settled in the same por- 
tion of the State first chosen by his father, viz. ; Sum- 
mit County. After continuing there six years he 
returned to Oswego. In 1866 he made another 
transfer of his home and interests to Noble Co., Ind., 
where his demise took place in 1871. His wife, the 
mother of the subject of this biography, still survives ' 
him. They were the parents of 12 children. 

Alexander A. Chapman is the fourth child of his ' 
parents and was born in the town of Bennett, in " 
Cayuga Co., N. Y., Oct. 19, 1833. In 1856 he sev- 
ered his connections with the parental home and 
came to Warren County. He obtained employment 
as a farm hand and continued to work out until he 
finally chose a partner for life. His marriage to Ann 
M. Buck occurred Dec. 15, 1858. The parents of 
his wife, Norman and Maria Buck, were natives of 
Vermont, who had become settlers in this county in 
1848. Mrs. Chapman was born in Loraine Co,, 
Ohio, Nov. 5, 1834. After his union he settled in 
Spring Grove Township, on the farm on which he 
has ever since made his home. This property for- 
merly belonged to the father of Mrs, Chapman and 
then contained only 80 acres improved land, 60 
acres of which was under cultivation. There was 
then only a small frame house on the place. The 
whole tract of 320 acres owned by Mr. Chapman in- 
cludes the east half of the southeast part of section 
35, and the west half of the southwest quarter of 
section 36. The place is improved with handsome, 
modern buildings, and with a fine lawn. A good idea 
of the homestead will be obtained from the accom- 
panying illustration. It is justly considered one of 
the most attractive homes in the county. 

The children of the household are three in num- 



WARREN COUNTY. 







her, two sons and one daughter. Norman Ward, the 
eldest, is a civil engineer, now pursuing his profes- 
sion in Nebraska. Isa and Frank reside at home, 
where they are receiving the benefits of a thorough 
education. In politics, the representative man, whose 
career we have outlined, is a staunch supporter of 
the principles of the Republican party, to which he 
has adhered since its organization. 




r. M. B. Bay, one of the large land- 
owners of Lenox Township, a gentleman 
of more than ordinary executive ability 
and a successful farmer, residing on section 
26, Lenox Township, is the son of Garland ;md 
Sarah (Lee) Ray, natives of Kentucky. 
His parents came to this county in 1835, and will 
consequently take rank among its pioneer settlers. 
They located in Roseville Township, where they 
continued to reside for about a year, when they re- 
moved to Lenox Township, where they lived until 
their death, the decease of Mr. Ray's mother taking 
place Feb. 24, 1868, and that of his father April 12, 
1881. Their children were ten in number, namely: 
Amelia A., Harriet E~, Henrietta M., James W., 
M. B., Eletha, Clarinda J., Julia A., Susan A. and 
Nancy Elizabeth. 

The gentleman whose name stands at the head of 
this notice was born in Edmonson Co., Ky., Feb. 6, 
1828, and had reached the age of nine years when 
he came with his parents to this county, where he 
has continued to reside until the present time. Mr. 
Ray ma) be said to have followed the vocation of an 
agriculturist from childhood, as he was brought up to 
that occupation and has made it the pursuit of his 
life. He is at present the owner of over 1,200 acres 
in this county, all of which, with the exception of 
30 acres of timberland, is under an advanced state 
of cultivation, and with the exception of 210 acres in 
Roseville Township is all situated in Lenox Town- 
ship. He keeps upon his home farm, which com- 
prises 500 acres, about too head of cattle, 20 head 
of horses and colts, and fattens about 100 head of 
hogs annually. What of this world's goods he may 



possess, and the same, as will be readily seen is not 
small, has been accumulated through his own in- 
domitable energy, pluck and good judgment. 

The marriage of Mr. Ray, which occurred in 
Lenox Township, Seyt. 5, 1850, when Miss Nancy 
C. Ray became his wife, has been blessed by the 
birth of ten children. Mrs. Ray is the daughter of 
John and Sarah Ray, natives of Kentucky. Their 
children are Richard H., Emeline, Laura J., Letitia, 
John L., Theodosia, Mary, Hiram, Hattie and Mar- 
tha. Martha is deceased ; Richard resides in Lenox 
Township; Emeline is the wife of Tilford Rice and 
resides in Lenox Township ; Laura J. married John 
Chapman, who resides in Iowa ; Letitia became the 
wife of William Ken, also a resident of Iowa; John 
L. lives in Lenox Township; Theodosia married 
William Parrish, also a resident of Lenox Township; 
Mary was united in marriage with Theo. C. Alexan- 
der, who is a farmer in Lenox Township ; Hiram is 
also residing in Lenox Township; Hattie became 
the wife of Martin Landon, who is a farmer in Ber- 
wick Township. 

Mr. Ray has held the office of Highway Commis- ; 
sioner and Overseer of Highways. In politics, he ~ 
casts his vote with the Democratic party. Himself 
and wife both belong to the Missionary Baptist 
Church. 

We present a fine view of Mr. Ray's substantial 
homestead on page 368. 




): rlando Bandall, a successful farmer and 
highly respected citizen of Warren County, 
owning 330 acres of land in Tompkins 
Township, and residing on section 16, is a na- 
tive of Chenango Co., N. Y., where he was 
born Jan. 28, 1827. The parents of Mr. Ran- 
dall Roswell and Charlotte (Page) Randall, were 
natives of New Hampshire and Vermont respect- 
ively. After marriage, in 1849, they emigrated lo 
this county, where the father became a citizen of 
Tompkins Township, locating on section 1 6, where 
he purchased 160 acres of land. The parents con- 
tinued to reside on their land in Tompkins Town- 
ship for 1 6 years, during which time the father was 



WARREN COUNTY. 



37' 



laboriously engaged in its cultivation. At the ex- 
piration of that time, he, with his family moved into 
the village of Kirkwood, and there resided until the 
death of both heads of the household, which oc- 
curred in 1878 and 1879 respectively. 

The gentleman whose name we place at the be- 
ginning of this biographical sketch, was an inmate of 
the parental household, until he became 28 years of 
age. He then, in 1856, purchased 80 acres of land 
on section 2i,Tompkins Township, which, by subse- 
quent purchases, he increased to 330 acres of as 
good farm land as there is in the county. He is ac- 
tively engaged in the cultivation and improvement of 
his farm and is meeting with well merited success. 

In 1855, Mr. Randall was united in marriage with 
Miss Melissa Hall, a native of Oneida Co., N. Y., 
and a daughter of Oliver and Rachel (Underhill) 
Hall. They have six children living, named Edgar 
H., Charles M., Allen C., Deliah R., Charlotte D., 
and Frank P. In politics, Mr. Randall votes with 
the Republican party. What of this world's goods 
he may possess, has been acquired through his own 
indomitable energy, perseverance and good judg- 
ment, coupled with the active co-operation of his 
good helpmeet, and is regarded he as one of the most 
substantial farmers of Tompkins Township. 




urton Godfrey, Road Commissioner, farm- 
er and stock-raiser, residing on section 27, 
Ellison Township, was born in Ross Co., 
Ohio, June 28, 1822. The father of Mr. 
Godfrey, Elisha Godfrey, was a native of 
Maryland, of New England parentage, and 
came to Ohio with his father and mother when a 
young man. The mother of Elisha died in Warren 
Co 111., and his father in Ohio. Elisha married Miss 
Dorcas Hill, a native of Virginia. She came to Ohio 
with her parents when quite young and they both 
died in Ross County that State., 

The gentleman whose sketch we write, resided 
with his parents until his marriage, receiving the ad- 
vantages afforded by the common schools, and as- 
sisting in the maintenance of the family, by labor on 
the farm. His parents came to this State in 1857. 



Burton Godfrey had preceded them, having arrived 
here in 1856, and settled in Ellison Township. His 
parents settled in Ellison, but after witnessing the ter- 
rible hurricane that passed through that village in the 
spring of 1858, returned to Ohio, where they resided 
five years and again returned to this county, where 
the father died in 1873, of heart disease. His wife, 
Burton's mother, soon afterward returned to Ohio, 
where, in 1881, she died. 

Burton Godfrey is the second in order of birth of 
ic children. He lived with his parents in Ross Co., 
Ohio, until his marriage with Rebecca J. Penwell. 
She was born in the county where she was married, 
and was the daughter of an Ohio farmer. Their 
married life lasted for five years only, when the 
wife and mother died, leaving two children 
Joseph M. and Mrs. Sarah Lozier. Mr. Godfrey 
was a second time married, in Pickaway Co., Ohio, 
April n, 1853, when Mrs. Sarah A. Graham, nee 
Grimes, became his wife. She was a daughter of 
Benjamin and Ruth (Chenoweth) Grimes, natives of 
Virginia and Ohio respectively, who were married 
in the latter State and where they both died. They 
were well-to-do people, loving and kind parents, 
obliging neighbors and respected by all who knew 
them. Mrs. Godfrey was the second in order of 
birth of a family of five children, born of the second 
marriage of her father, he having been married four 
times. The date of her birth was Aug. 16, 1824, 
and the place of her nativity Ross Co., Ohio. She 
was about ten years of age when her mother died, 
and afterward lived with her father and step-mother 
until her marriage to John W. Graham, a native of 
Pickaway Co.. Ohio, and a farmer by occupation. 
He died in that county June 14, 1847, leaving two 
children, Charles W. and Benjamin F., both of whom 
are married and engaged in farming the former 
in Ellison Township and the latter in Iowa. 

After the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Godfrey, they 
lived on a farm in Ohio from 1853 until 1856. On 
coining to this State Mr. Godfrey purchased 80 acres 
of land in this county on section 27, Ellison Town- 
ship, on which he located and where he has since 
lived. By energetic labor and economy he has added 
240 acres to his original purchase, and is at present 
the proprietor of 320 acres of excellent farm land, 
under an advanced state of cultivation and ten acres 
of timber. 

He has a good residence on his farm, together with 



372 



WARREN COUNTY. 



barn and other outbuildings, and is one of the suc- 
cessful farmers of Warren County. His attention in 
addition to his farm labors has been directed to the 
raising of Short-horn cattle, in which he is meeting 
with success. He and his wife are members of the 
Methodist Episcopal Church, of which denomination 
Mr. G. is present trustee and steward. In politics 
Mr. Godfrey is a staunch and active worker in the 
ranks of the Republican party. He has held the 
office of Collector, Assessor, Road Commissioner, 
Overseer of the Poor and many of the minor offices 
within the gift of the people of his township. 




eorge Thayer. Upon section 28, of Rose- 
ville Township, there resides an intelli- 
gent farmer in comfortable circumstances 
and well known throughout the community, by 
the name of George Thayer. He was born in 
New York State, and is the son of Sabin 
Thayer, a native of that State. There, the elder 
Thayer, met and married Miss Lovina Kingsbury, 
who was also born in the Empire State. They were 
living there in the quiet and peaceful occupation of 
farming, when their son, George, was born. His 
birth occurred Aug. 24, 1828. Here young Thayer 
lived until 1840, when his parents started with their 
family westward. They found a desirable location 
in Knox County, where the senior Thayer purchased 
80 acres of land, and began its improvement. He 
was however, not permitted to see the beautiful 
prairies develop to the high condition which they 
are in at present, for four years after his arrival here, 
he died. His wife lived 20 years longer, dying 
in 1864. 

George Thayer left home at a very early age, the 
death of his father compelling the mother to start 
him out to help make a living for the family. He 
worked out by the month until he was 23 years of 
age, and by economy he had accumulated a little 
money, and bought the place where he now lives. 
This consisted of but 60 acres at that time, 1863, 
but since success has crowned the hard labor and 
good business judgment of Mr. Thayer to a certain 
extent, we now find him the owner of 220 acres 



acres. He is now engaged in general farming, and 
is regarded in this community as a gentleman of 
good, sound business judgment, and a respected 
citizen. Politically he is a Republican, and together 
with his wife, belongs to the Baptist Church. 

In 1851, August 23, the wedding ceremony which 
united in marriage George Thayer and Miss Jean- 
nett White, occurred. Miss White was born in New 
York State, and was the daughter of Ephraim and 
Sally (Crane) White, eaily and respected pioneers of 
Hancock Co., 111., her father and mother dying in 
that county at a very early day, the death of the 
forme* occurring in 1845, and the latter in 1843. 
Mrs. Thayer is the mother of six children, namely : 
John W., Bion L., Charles A., Darwin N., Ida L. 
and Nettie. John W., married Mary Nisely, and 
their two children are named George and Mary. 
Bion L. selected for a wife, Stella Cunningham. 
Lovell and Malvin are the names of their children. 




'Ibert Rodgers is an energetic and respect- 
ed citizen of Lenox Township, where he is 
engaged in agricultural pursuits, on section 
27. He is a son of Clark and Nancy (Bar. 
rett) Rodgers, and was born in Pickaway 
County, Ohio, Dec. 2, 1840. His parents were 
na'ives of the Buckeye State, and came to Illinois in 
1853, locating in McDonough County. They after- 
ward removed to Fulton County, the adjoining coun- 
ty, where they died, the father Oct. 4, 1880, and the 
mother Aug. n, 1871. They had a family of ten 
children John B., James O., William H., Eliza A., 
Albert, May, Martha, Elvira, Scott, and Perry. 

Albert Rodgers was but 13 years of age when his 
parents removed to the State of Illinois, and he con- 
tinued to live with them until he attained the age of 
22 years, when he worked out for awhile at farming 
and mining. He remained a resident of McDon- 
ough County until 1871, when he came to Warren 
County, where he has since been engaged in agricul- 
tural pursuits, having purchased 80 acres of land on 
section 27, his present location, in the year 1881, and 
engaged actively and energetically in its improve- 
ment and cultivation. 

He was married in Berwick Township, Warren 



WARREN COUNTY. 



375 



County, March 26, 1874, to Miss Martha, daughter 
of Greenbury and Mary (Moore) Ray, natives of 
Kentucky, who came to Warren County in 1844. 
They lived in Berwick Township, where they made 
their permanent abiding place until their deaths, the 
mother's demise occurring Dec. 28, 1871, and the 
father Jan. 24, 1879. Their family comprised tHe 
following named children : Martha, Lizzie, Willis, 
Mary, Wilbur, Jennie and two who died in infancy. 
Mrs. Rodgers was the eldest of her parents' family, 
and was born in Kentucky, April 25, 1848. Herself 
and husband are members of the Baptist Church, 
and the latter in politics casts his vote with the Dem- 
ocratic party. 




,,on. Ivory Quinby, deceased, son of Asa 
and Mehitable Quinby, was born on the 
I4th day of July, 1817, in Btixton, Maine, 

jf and died at Monmouth, 111., Oct. 23, 18*9. 
After completing his preparatory studies, he 
entered the Freshman Class of Waterville Col- 
lege, Maine, in 1832, being then a little over 15 
years of age. While in college he ranked high as 
a student. His favorite study was natural science, 
and he was especially distinguished for his attain- 
ments in chemistry. He graduated with honor-, his 
diploma bearing the date of Aug. 3, 1836, he being 
then a little over 19 years of age. 

After leaving college, he spent a short time in 
Parsonsfield, as an assistant teacher in the academy, 
then under the care of his uncle, the Rev. Hosea 
Quinby. He then went to Saco and entered the 
office of Judge Shepley, as a student of law. His 
health prevented him continuing here long, and in 
the fall of 1837, when not yet 21 years of age, he 
sought a home in Illinois. He left Maine with 
$125, this being the sum total of his worldly goods. 

He landed first at Quincy, where he made the 
acquaintance of Hon. O. H. Browning and John 
Mitchel, Esq. By the advice of Mr. Browning, he 
selected Monmouth, then an inconsiderable village, 
as his future home. He and Mr. Mitchel arranged 
a partnership and set out for the place of their 
choice. From Oquawka they came to Monmouth 
on foot, opened an office, and commenced business 
as attorneys and counsellors at law. 

On March 14, 1839, when between 22 and 



23 years of age, he married Miss Jane A. Allen. 
She died on the 7th of February, 1847. She was 
the mother of three children, all of whom died before 
their father. 

He does not appear to have continued long in 
Monmouth at that time. For some cause he aban- 
doned the practice of law, removed to Berwick and 
went into the mercantile business. 

On the i7th of February, 1848, he married Miss 
Mary E. Pearce, a native of Ohio and daughter of 
Thomas and Phebe (Little) Pearce, of Virginia and 
Ne.v Jersey respectively. Mr. Thomas Pearce was 
a soldier in the War of 1812. He came to Tazewell 
County, this State, in the spring of 1830, removing 
thence into Warren County in the fall of 1831. 
With his team Mr. Pearce hauled the first load of 
goods to Monmouth. In company with Hon. Sam- 
uel G. Morse, he laid out the town of Berwick, and 
resided there several years. He died in 1853, aged 
75 years. His widow lived to be 78 years of 
age, and died in 1869. By his second marriage, ' 
Judge Quinby had born to him eight children, only 
four of whom survived him Jane (Mrs. Dr. A. F. ' 
Bucknam) ; George, a resident of Dakota where he 
owns a large landed estate; Frank, an attorney-at- 
law at Monmouth ; and Ivory, a student. 

Soon after the opening of Monmouth College, he 
became one of its warmest friends, and was elected 
a member of the Board of Trustees. For a short 
time he held the office of Treasurer. He was a 
member of the committee entrusted with the erec- 
tion of the new college building. He was also a 
member of the Executive Committee, and for some 
years President of the Board. Occupying these 
responsible positions, the interests of the college 
made large demands on his time ; yet it was cheer- 
fully given. He was punctual and regular in at- 
tending all meetings of the Committee and Board. 
The many reports, carefully prepared, on file in his 
handwriting, show that he gave the college much 
and careful thought. His colleagues uniformly paid 
the most profound respect to his opinion. It is be- 
lieved that no measure he favored was ever voted 
down. In addition to the time and thought given, 
he also made frequent and large donations to the 
college in money, which amounted to over $8,000. 
Tliose bist acquainted with the history of the col- 
lege affirm that his assistance, in various ways, was. 



t i 



37 6 



WARREN COUNTY. 



so timely and valuable, that without him the enter- 
prise could hardly have succeeded. 

Judge Quinby was distinguished for the soundness 
of his judgment and the candor with which he ex- 
pressed his opinions. It is doubtful whether there 
is a man in Monmouth whose opinion, on any ques- 
tion with which he was familiar, carried greater 
weight. Many a mooted point has he settled by 
simply stating his deliberate judgment. 

In appearance and manner he was somewhat 
austere, yet, in fact, he was one of the most tender- 
hearted of men. There are many who can testify 
to substantial acts of kindness on his part, which 
they will be slow to forget. They are not a few who 
to-day bless his memory. 

At the same time, he was peculiarly modest and 
unostentatious. In giving money, he shrank from 
notoriety. He made many offers, to stimulate others 
to like liberality; but in all such cases he uniformly 
enjoined secrecy as to his name. When he gave 
alms, he did not sound a trumpet before him. He 
hardly let his left hand know what his right hand 
was doing. 

Above all, he was a Christian man. He early 
made a profession of faith in the Baptist Church, 
and on his death-bed he confessed, unsolicited, in 
the broadest and most unequivocal terms, his faith 
in Christ. 

All in all, in the death of Ivory Quinby, Mon- 
mouth lost one of the worthiest of her citizens. The 
vacancy will hardly be filled. Let those who survive 
imitate his virtues and follow his footsteps, while 
they revere his memory and lament his loss. 

At a meeting of the Warren County Bar, Oct. 26, 
1869, Mr. Delos Phelps read in open Court the fol- 
lowing resolutions : 

WHEREAS, Divine Providence, in His inscrutable 
dispensation, has removed from among us Ivory 
Quinby, long and well known to the citizens of our 
county, for many years a practicing attorney of ac- 
knowledged probity and ability, in our courts, and 
for a long time occupying a judicial station among 
us. Therefore be it 

Resolved, By the members of the Warren County 
Bar, assembled out of respect to the memory of our 
deceased brother, and to pay a proper tribute to a 
good man who has fallen in our midst, that in the 
loss of him who now '' after life's fitful fever sleepeth 
well," the members of the legal profession have lost 
one who to the virtue of private life added the calm, 
dispassioned judgment and consistent uprightness of 



character, which rendered him, while in the prac- 
tice of law, an ornament to the profession, a guide to 
his brethren, and one who worthily illustrated the 
exalted principles of enlightened jurisprudence. 

Resolved, That we willingly bear testimony to the 
ability, sterling integrity, and great usefulness in his 
day, of our departed friend and brother. That we 
deplore his loss, as an important member of the com- 
munity at large, and sincerely sympathize with his 
wife and family in the irreparable loss sustained by 
them in the death of their husband and father. 

Resolved, That as members of the Bar of Warren 
County, we will attend his funeral in a body. That 
a copy of these resolutions be published in the city 
p.ipers, a copy sent to the family of the deceased, 
and a copy spread on the records of the County and 
Circuit Courts of Warren County at the next terms 
of the same. A. C. HARDING, Chairman. 

J. J. GLENN, Secretary. 

Hon. A. C. Harding then said : 

" If the Court please, I move that these resolutions 
be unanimously adopted by the Bar of this county, 
and spread upon the records of this Court. They 
express the respectful and grateful feelings we all 
entertain for our friend and colleague, Ivory Quinby, 
Esq., who, since your last adjournment, has passed 
from the scenes of earthly usefulness to the bourne 
of the blessed. He went to the tomb with an escort 
of a multitude of people, who bedewed his grave 
with tears. The college and the pulpit pronounced 
and expressed eulogies upon his character, and im- 
mortalized his memory. No words or tears of mine 
can add to -that homage which his noble life has 
earned and received. His connection with the 
courts as a lawyer and Judge has rendered honorable 
the profession of the law, and left impressions of 
respect for judicial urbanity and integrity which will 
long remain upon the minds of his colleagues and 
the people. His long career at the Bar of this Court 
was never blotted by trick or chicanery; but at every 
step of his legal practice he honored his profession 
by frank, manly, courteous and honest conduct. To 
him the Bar of this county owes as much as to any 
of its members for the honorable character it bears. 
I refrain from entering the fields of eulogy which 
have been so abundantly harvested to the memory 
of fudge Quinby by the Rev. Doctors of Divinity, 
Matthews and Wallace, and by the Reverend and 
eloquent Wasmuth. But because his character was 
so peculiarly unostentatious and his charities secret, 
I deem it proper to add that while I knew him in the 
confidential relation of a partner in the practice of 
the law for more than 15 years, and for more than 
eight years in the construction of railways, I never 
knew him to violate the rule, ' Do unto others as ye 
would they should do unto you.' In all distribu- 
tions of gains and losses he was liberal and just. 
While differing in political relations until the great 




WARREN COUNTY. 



377 









Rebellion, no scenes of bitter strife between us is 
remembered to have ever existed, and we rallied 
together in the hour of the nation's trial with the 
good and the true of all parties to the rescue of our 
imperiled government. In one characteristic, our 
friend was not generally well known. From some 
consideration it may have been that he dreaded the 
appearance of a desire to distinguish or aggrandize 
himself he sedulously shrouded in secrecy his best 
charities and noblest acts. I know of some of his 
charities to the destitute in past days that I never 
heard mentioned by him or others. His many acts 
of beneficence to the college of our cities, and his 
efforts to found a library, were all marked by modest 
retirement from public notice. After all business 
relations between us had been closed, I became en- 
dangered, and should have been pecuniarily ruined, 
but that my friend, Judge Quinby, almost unsolicited 
(for I felt the danger so great that I ought not en- 
danger him), became absolute security to pay a 
judgment of more than $300,000. Sir, few or none 
others could or would have done this from philan- 
thropic obligations only. But I forget. Pardon this 
digression. Let us cherish his memory and follow 
his example, that like him, when we pass away, 
those who remain may strew words of kind remem- 
brance over our graves; and our names find a place 
on the pages of this Court, and be written above in 
the great Book of Eternal Life." 

At the same meeting, Mr. Strain, who had been 
intimately associated with Judge Quinby in the 
Board of College Trustees for many years, paid to 
his memory the following tribute : 

" In every emergency, we sought his aid and coun- 
cil, and it was always, when possible, given in his 
quiet, unassuming way. His ideas were always 
clothed in plain, simple and expressive language. 
In his benefactions there was no sounding of trum- 
pets, and the public but seldom knew the benefactor. 
In his almsgiving which was liberal his left hand 
knew not what his right hand did. And it is hi^h 
praise of him to be able to say that after a life of 
many years among us devoted to active business 
to the discharge of professional duties ; to the per- 
formance of official trusts, and to the accumulation 
of a large estate no tongue speaks but in his praise, 
and no breath of censure tarnishes his memory. 
Such a character is indeed a rich legacy to his family 
aud friends, and the community of which he was a 
member, and an example of greatest worth to each 
one of us.'' 

At a meeting of the Board of Trustees and Di- 
rectors of the Monmouth College, on Monday, Oct. 
25, 1869, the following action was taken: 

Resolved, By the Trustees and Directors of the 
Monmouth College : 

i. That in the death of the Hon. I. Quinby, long 



a member and officer of the Board, we lost a col- 
league, who we ever found, in all our intercourse 
with him, an upright, courteous, Christian gentleman, 
and in whose counsel we have been accustomed to 
repose the utmost confidence. 

2. That we found him a fast, true and efficient 
friend of the college in the time of need ; by his able 
counsels, active services, liberal and timely dona- 
tions, he has placed the college under a debt of 
gratitude which can never be repaid. 

3. That we extend to the family of the deceased 
our sympathies, in this their hour of great affliction, 
and express the hope that the richest blessings of a 
covenant-keeping God may descend and rest upon 
them. 

4. That these resolutions be spread upon the 
records, published in the city papers and forwarded 
to the widow of the deceased. 

D. A. WALLACE, Pres. 

JOHN J. GLENN, Sec'y. 

Thus, in arranging and compiling the accessible 
matter appertaining to a noble life, a bare recital of 
the generous acts whereof would alone fill a volume, 
the writer acknowledges his inability to do ample . 
justice to the subject, and returns thanks to those 
from whose contributions he has so liberally drawn, 
and who, from their intimate relationship with Judge 
Quinby in his lifetime, were best calculated to speak 
advisedly of him. A portrait of the Judge is shown 
on another page of this work. 

Mrs. Quinby 's second marriage took place on the 
ist of May, 1877, to Rev. R. Haney, a prominent 
clergyman of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 




Imon Kidder, attorney-at-laWj Monmouth, 
was born in Warren County, Feb. 27, 
1838, and was the son of Larnard and 
Mary (Hoisington) Kidder. The subject of 
this biographical notice was reared to man- 
hood on his father's farm, attending regularly 
the common schools, and in 1859 graduated from 
Lombard University, at Galesburg. ' Leaving col- 
lege, he began directly reading law with Philo Reed, 
at Monmouth, and, in October, 1862, was admitted 
to the Bar before the Supreme Court at Ottawa. His 
first practice was with. James Strain as partner; later 
with William C. Norcross, and recently with Mr. 
Frank Quinby, son of the highly reputed Judge 



378 



WARREN' COUNTY. 



Quinby, whose sketch is given in this work. At this 
writing (October, 1885), Mr. Kidder is unassociated 
with any one. Early in life he was an ardent Re- 
publican, but owing to the uncertain position of that 
party upon the question of the whiskey traffic, he 
abandoned it and politics altogether, and has since 
thrown his influence in favor of Prohibition. He has 
sought no office in any way, but in a spirit of duty 
has served the people in various minor places, such 
as School Director, Alderman and Justice of the 
Peace. 

The wife of Mr. Kidder, Anna C., daughter of 
John Jacobs, Esq., to whom he was married at Mon- 
rnouth, May 30, 1865, died Aug. 31, r882, leaving 
one child, Nina. His second marriage occurred at 
Moline, 111., Oct. 18, 1883, the lady being Mrs. Lucy 
E. Folger, nee Mapes, widow of Dr. Folger, of Youngs- 
town. Mr. Kidder devotes his time to his profes- 
sion, although he has various outside interests. He 
was one of the organizers of the Monrnouth Home- 
stead and Loan Association, and in 1870 he found 
time to compile and systematize the Monrnouth City 
Ordinances, a work well and satisfactorily done.. He 
is considered a close student, known to be a sound 
lawyer, and, above all, a gentleman. 

Mr. Kidder has spent his leisure moments for the 
last ten years in collecting a genealogy of the Kid- 
der family, which has occasioned considerable corre- 
spondence and other labor. 




. ames Bergen Van Arsdale is a farmer in 
the township of Point Pleasant. He was 
born in Somerset Co., N. J., Oct. 30, 1844. 
The family was originally of Holland origin, 
and in that country were respected members 
of society. The grandfather of Mr. Van 
Arsdale, of this narration, Abraham Van Arsdale, 
was born in the same county in New Jersey in which 
his descendants for several generations were also 
born. His farm was located near Harlingen, in 
Somerset County, and he was its occupant until his 
death. His decease took place June 22, 1836. He 
married Elizabeth Beekman, a lady likewise of Hol- 
land descent, who was born March 9, 1788, and died 



May 26, 1847. Their son William was born in 
Somerset County, Feb. 8, i8rg. Sept. 14, 1836, he 
was married to Johanna V. Bergen. She was born 
June 7, r8i3. For a time after their marriage they 
remained in Somerset County and rented land. Mr. 
Van Arsdale then purchased a farm near the home- 
stead and was there a resident until 1850, when he 
sold all his interests in the State of his nativity and 
came to Illinois. His wife and three children ac- 
companied him. They crossed the mountains of 
Pennsylvania in the stage and arrived at Wheeling, 
W. Va. At that point they took passage on the 
Ohio River and made the journey to Illinois on the 
Ohio, Mississippi and Illinois Rivers. They landed 
at Copperas Creek, in Fulton County, and the father 
bought land near Fairview in that county. No im- 
provements had been made on it and the new pro- 
prietor erected a dwelling and other needed buildings 
of good style, and was there engaged in the busi- 
ness of a farmer until his removal to Henderson 
County in 1856. He sold the estate in Fulton 
County and made a purchase of land in the county 
to which he had removed. It was wholly unim- 
proved and was situated in the vicinity of Raritan. 
On this he repeated his pioneer experiences, and 
was there a resident until 1869. In that year he 
made an exchange for another farm and moved to 
Raritan, where he has since resided. Three of the 
five children born in their family are still living. 
Abraham, who was born March i, 1838, lives in 
Henderson County. Peter, born May 9, 1842, be- 
came a soldier in the service of the United States in 
the Civil War, in the I4th 111. Vol. Cav., and after a 
term of active military life of nearly three years re- 
ceived an honorable discharge. He now lives in 
Henderson County. 

Mr. Van Arsdale, of this narration, is the youngest 
child. He was hardly six years of age when his pa- 
rents removed to Illinois, and he reached manhood 
in Henderson County. He received the training com- 
mon to the children of farmers and a common-school 
education. 

His maniage to Anna M. Lewis occurred April 25, 
1868. She was born in Fulton County, July 5, 1849. 
She survived her marriage but a short time, and Dec. 
6, 1871, Mr. Van Arsdale was again married, to 
Sarah M. Brokaw. She was born in Somerset Co., 
N. J., Nov. 3, 1848, and is the daughter of Henry A. 
and Mary S. (Baird) Brokaw. Her parents were both 



WARREN COUNTY. 



38' 



natives of the State of New Jersey, came to Illinois 
in 1857 and settled in Henderson County. In 1863 
her father entered the military service of the United 
States and died at Natchez, Miss. He was enrolled 
in the Fourth 111. Cav. Her mother is living, at 
Canton, Fulton Co., 111. 

Mr. and Mrs. Van Arsdale have had three chil- 
dren. Willie, the first-born, died at the age of seven 
weeks. Nellie was born May 20, 1876. Paul was 
born Sept. 26, 1879. 




f mos Burford, a man who occupies a thor- 
oughly representative position in the com- 
munity, and whose success in life is the 
outgrowth of his own energy and clear judg- 
ment, is a resident on section 4, Monmouth 
Township. He was born in Donegal Town- 
f ship, Lancaster Co., Pa.. Aug. 18,1829. 

His father, Jeremiah Burford, was also a native of 
the Keystone State, a farmer by occupation and the 
son of Robert Burford, an Englishman, who came to 
this country when a young man and settled at his 
marriage in the State of Pennsylvania. He reared 
two sons, of whom Jeremiah, the father of the subject 
of this sketch, was the eldest. His father died be- 
fore he had attained the age of manhood. He was 
first married in Lancaster Co., Pa,, to Lyda Sterner, 
by whom he became the father of two children, La- 
vina and Aaron, both of whom grew to maturity and 
were married (the former of whom has since died). 
Of the second marriage of Jeremiah, to Jane Mont- 
gomery, a native of Pennsylvania, eight children 
were born, of whom Amos, the subject of this noiice, 
was the third. Of these offsprings, Margaret becnme 
the wife of John Barton, at present a resident of 
Erie, Pa,; Ann was united in marriage to James E. 
McNair, who is living in Prairie City, Iowa, and has 
accumulated a competency; Amos, the subject of 
this notice, was next in order of birth ; Samuel died 
at St. Joe, Mich., in the fall of 1883; Mary J. formed 
a matrimonial alliance with Porter Freborn, who is 
at present residing in Avon, this State; she died in 
1868; Eliza was the wife of W. H. Smith, who fol- 
lows the vocation of a farmer in Kansas, and died 



Aug. 17, 1885; Sarah J. is single and resides at 
Pittsburg, Pa., where she is engaged in clerking; 
William H. is deceased, and formerly resided in Bos- 
ton, Mass. He followed the occupation of a railroad 
conductor. 

The gentleman whose name heads our sketch, re- 
ceived a common-school education and resided at 
home with his parents, assisting in the maintenance 
of the family, until he attained the age of 28 years. 
Arrived at that age, he left the parental homestead 
and came West, his journey terminating in Kansas, 
which was then the scene of free-soil agitation. He 
homesteaded 160 acres of land in Anderson County, 
but owing to the pressure of hard times, he removed 
to Illinois in July, 1858, and located east of Avon, in 
Fulton County, where he rented a farm and lived 
on it about three years, and in 1861 rented the farm 
where he now resides, the old Kendall homestead. 
He finally disposed of his interests in Kansas in 
1873. His marriage took place in this county, Oct. 
17, 1860, the lady who became his wife being Miss 
Margaret Kendall, the daughter of Robert and Ann 
(McNair) Kendall, natives of Pennsylvania. They 
were of Scotch extraction, her father being a farmer 
who removed to this county when Mrs. Burford was 
a young lady of 15 years. The parental family at 
that time consisted of six children, of whom Mrs. 
Burford was the third. Her parents on coming to 
this county purchased a partly improved farm of 250 
acres, upon which they continued to reside until 
their death, the demise of the former occurring Jan. 
17, 1882, while in his 82d year, and that of the lat- 
ter Feb. 14, 187 r, in her 7 rst year, both parents hav- 
ing been born in the first year of the present century. 

Mr. and Mrs. Burford are the parents of five chil- 
dren, two of whom are deceased. Anna J. became 
the wife of George Williams, to whom she bore two 
children, and departed this life in Monmouth Town- 
ship, in February, 1884. Mr. Williams at present 
resides in Columbus, Kansas, his daughters, Stella 
and Maggie B., living with their grandparents. Park 
M., their first born son, lives on the homestead, 
which he assists in cultivating. William R. am! 
Frank A. are also living at home. The fifth child 
died in infancy. Upon their union Mr. Burford and 
his wife settled on the old Kend.ill homestead, in 
this county. Our subject first became a landed pro- 
prietor in 1870, and he has since added to his orig- 
inal purchase until he is now the owner of 450 acres, 



WARREN COUNTY. 



all lying in the township of Monmouth and under an 
advanced state of cultivation. There are two good 
residences on the place and the farm is divided into 
three parts, each of which is well improved. Mr. 
Burford, in addition to the cultivation of his large 
farm, is extensively engaged in the breeding of Nor- 
man horses and other stock of high grades. He is 
at present Commissioner of Highways, which office 
he has held consecutively for 15 years. He has also 
held the position of Assistant Supervisor, and in pol- 
itics votes with and advocates the principles of the 
Republican party. His wife is a member of the Uni- 
ted Presbyterian Church, at Gerlaw, in this county. 
We present a view of the fine home of Mr. Burford 
on another page. 




)iss Desire E. Mather, a retired school 
teacher, residing in Greenbush, was born 
July 23, 1810, in Brownsville, Jefferson 
Co., N. Y. She acquired a good education 
in the district schools of her native State; ma- 
triculated at Belleville College and followed the 
entire curriculum of that college from which she 
graduated with honors. 

From her native State, Miss Mather moved to 
Ohio, where, in the vicinity of Sandusky, at the early 
age of 14 years, she first began the profession which 
she followed for so many years and with such suc- 
cess. For 1 6 years she taught in that section of 
Ohio, and then removed to Illinois, coming to Green- 
bush, this county, Sept. 8, 1850, where she taught 
nine terms of school. She then went to Polk City, 
Polk Co., Iowa, and there taught three terms. In 
fact, Miss Mather has spent her life time in the in- 
terest of education and as late as 1863 followed her 
profession, two miles west of Greenbush. 

Miss Mather is a lineal descendant of the old and 
highly respected Mather family of the city of London, 
out of which sprang the Mathers famous in the e;irly 
history of this country. Rev. Richard Mather, who 
was born in 1596, in Lowton, Lancastershire, England, 
and whose old residence in that ancient town still re- 
mains intact, was the first of the name to emigrate to 
America, coming to Boston in the ship " James," in 



1635. Timothy, the son of the Rev. Richard Mather, 
had a son, Arthur, who in turn had a son named 
Richard, who was the father of Cotton Mather, of the 
seventh generation, who died at Bridgewater, where 
his son, Horace Mather, who was the father of the 
subject of this notice, Miss Desire Mather, was born 
in 1775. 

Horace Mather was first married in 1803, to Miss 
Desire Emerson, who, in 1807, passed to the land of 
the hereafter. Mr. Horace Mather was again mar- 
ried, Oct. i, 1809, to Miss Hulda Smith, of Sackett's 
Harbor. She was born in February, 1786, and died 
of quick consumption at Sackett's Harbor, in 1836. 
Mr. Mather died Aug. 2, 18215. Of his two marri- 
ages, the following named children were born : 
Thomas M., Feb. 2, 1804; Horace S., July 22, 1805 ; 
Zylla, May 4, 1807, died May 6, 1807 ; Desire E., 
born July 23, 1810; Charles W., June 4, 1812 ; Min- 
erva, July 25, 1814, died, aged 19 months; Jane, 
born March i, 1816; Hulda, April 3, 1818; Sylvia 
M., Jan. 29, 1820; Dr. David C., April 3, 1823; 
Sarah Ann, Aug. 2, 1824, died Nov. 4, 1846. Mr. 
Horace Mather was a man of very superior mental 
capacity, and, though a farmer by occupation, during 
the last ten years of life he filled several offices of 
public trust with great credit to himself and to the 
satisfaction of the community at large. There was 
universal mourning throughout Jefferson Co., N. Y., 
at his death. 




Clement Pierce, who is retired from active 
mercantile pursuits and a pioneer of the 
county, is a resident of Roseville, at which 
place he was engaged as a merchant for some 
years. He was born in Poultney, Rutland 
Co., Vt. Sept. 24, 1813. Amos and Mary 
(Sandford) Pierce, his parents, were also natives of 
the Green Mountain State, and came to Ohio from 
Vermont, in 1823, and remained there engaged in 
agricultural pursuits until 1834. He then came to 
this State and purchased with his son, the gentleman 
whose name heads this personal sketch, 160 acres of 
land in Greenbush Township, Warren County, upon 
which he remained, engaged in its cultivation and 
improvement for nearly three years. He then re- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



383 



turned to Ohio, and brought his wife and family 
to this State. They settled upon the farm which he 
had began so hard and industriously to cultivate. 
Here he remained farming and also blacksmithing 
until 1864. The death of the father occurred July 
20, 1872, and that of the mother Sept. 30, 1845. 

Clement remained with his parents until 1834, 
and received a common-shool education while under 
the parental roof-tree, also assisted his parents in 
the duties of the farm. Then leaving home, he came 
to Illinois and in September, 1834, settled upon a 
tract of land adjoining that he and his father had 
purchased. Here he remained improving the farm 
and engaged in its cultivation until March, 1845, 
when he purchased the southwest quarter of sec- 
tion 35, Roseville Township, and moved upon it. 
Here he followed farming and stock-raising until 
June, 1864, when he moved into the, then, little ham- 
Jet of Roseville. Here he, in company with Dr. 
Ragon, embarked in the mercantile business, in 
which they continued for a period of two years, when 
Mr. Pierce, the gentleman of this notice, bought out 
the Doctor and conducted the business himself for 
about seven years, when he sold out. At that time, 
1873, he retired from active labors, having been suc- 
cessful, the result of an energetic and progressive life, 
which enabled him to have a sufficiency laid aside 
to provide for himself and family in their old age. 
Mr. Pierce has held several offices within the gift of, 
the people, for instance, in 1872, he was elected 
Justice of the Peace, and held that position until 
1885, and besides has served in the office of City 
Council and School Director. He is the owner of 
500 acres of land which is in excellent condition and 
very valuable. He also owns the Pierce Block and 
several houses at Roseville. 

Mr. Pierce and Miss Nancy Farr were united in 
marriage, in the year 1834, she being a native of 
Essex Co., N. Y. Of their union five children have 
been born, all living but one, Mary M., born Aug. 
2,1835; Laura A., Jan. 26, 1837; Amos, Dec. 10, 
1843; and Phebe J., Oct. to, 1845; Zacharia T., 
born April 23, 1848, died Sept. 23, 1860. Laura A. 
married Alexander Bramhall, and resides in Rose- 
ville Village, and their family consists of seven chil- 
dren Nancy E., Mary E., Amos E., Levi A., Linnia 
B., Emma and Charles VV. Amos, the only son of 
our subject, married Miss Mary J. Baer, and they 
reside in Belleville, Kan., and have two sons Har- 



ley L. and George C. Phebe J., the youngest daugh- 
ter married Thomas J. Newbern, and they are 
residents of Wayne, Kan. Of their union eight chil- 
dren have been born, namely : Mary, Effa J., Thomas 
M.,LilliaN., Phebe G., Nancy M., Archie C. and 
Pearly. 

Mr. Clement Pierce has five great-grandchildren. 
He is a Republican in politics and religiously, be- 
longs to the Universalist Church. He is one of the 
early pioneers of Warren County as well as substan- 
tial and solid men. 




W. Huston, a successful farmer, owning 
160 acres of land, located on section 23, 
Tompkins Township, where he resides and 
is engaged in following the vocation of an ag- 
riculturist, was born April 25, 1830, in Penn- 
sylvania, his parents being John and Elizabeth 
(Weakley) Huston, natives of that State. 

The father of Mr. Huston of this notice was a 
farmer by occupation and followed his chosen voca- 
tion in Pennsylvania until his death. His son, S. 
W., of whom we write, was an inmate of the parental 
household until he became 23 years of age, having 
in the meantime acquired a fair education in the 
common schools. 

After leaving home, Mr. Huston, October 12, 
1853, came to this State and settled in Hale Town- 
ship, arriving in Monmouth on the evening of Oct. 
12, 1853. Purchasing 80 acres of land, he .moved 
his family on the land and continued to cultivate it 
until 1865, when he sold the property and made an- 
other purchase, this time locating in Tompkins 
Township, on 120 acres on sections 23 and 24. This 
he continued to cultivate until he made his residence 
upon the 160 acres on section 23, which he now 
occupies as a homestead. The occupation of his 
life has been that of an agriculturist, and by ener- 
getically following the same he has met with that 
success which a life of labor and energy are so sure 
to bring. 

Mr. Huston was united in marriage with Miss 
Mary E. Woods, a native of Pennsylvania, in 1856, 
and their union has been blessed by the birth of 



384 



WARREN COUNTY. 



three children (slill living), whose names are Carrie 
S., James W. and Robert W. Mr. Huston in his 
political views coincides with the principles advocated 
by the Democratic party. In religion, he is a mem- 
ber of the Presbyterian Church. 







ames P. Firoved. Every village and city 
(? has its live, go-ahead and enterprising men, 
those who do more than all others towards 
building up and firmly securing the pros- 
perity of the place. Distinguished among 
those is Mr. Firoved, of Kirkwood, who, be- 
sides being interested in various other enterprises, 
is also engaged as a farmer and stock-dealer. He 
was born in Cumberland Co., Pa. His parents, 
Simon and Isabella (Sprout) Firoved, were also 
natives of the Keystone State, and were living there 
at the time of James' birth, which occurred Nov. 13, 
1843. I n '853, the family moved to Dayton, Ohio, 
and from there to Bloomingtor., 111., and in 1856 lo- 
cated in Monmouth. They soon secured 160 acres 
of land in Hale Township, where they removed 
and remained for seven years, when the elder Firoved 
retired from active labors and removed into the city 
of Monmouth. He has since lived there and is a 
highly respected and venerable old gentleman of 75 
years of age. His ancestors came from Prussia and 
settled at Carlisle, Pa., over 120 years ago. His 
father was a soldier in the War of 1812, with an 
elder brother, who was wounded at Lundy's Lane. 

James P. accompanied his parents to Illinois and 
remained with them until he was 20 years of age, re- 
ceiving a liberal education. His first business enter- 
prise, after leaving home, was to engage in the 
mercantile business at Monmouth. He subsequently 
moved to Rock Island and later came to Kirkwood, 
where he entered into the boot and shoe, l.at and 
cap, and general furnishing goods business, carrying 
also a line of books and stationery. For ten years 
he remained one of the leading merchants of this 
part of the county. He then sold out and engaged 
in the stock business, feeding and shipping stock ex- 
tensively. He also purchased 330 acres of land, 
lying near the village of Kirkwood, and engaged in 



farming. This highly improved farm is very valu- 
able, lying as it does so near Kirkwood, and also 
contiguous to the city of Monmouth. Besides this 
property, he also owns a half interest in the Tre- 
niont House at Kirkwood, in company with W. K. 
Gamble; owns an interest in the Kirkwood Mineral 
Spring Company, of which he is -Vice-President ; and 
has been a stock-holder and one of the directors in 
the First National Bank, at Kirkwood, ever since its 
organization. He has also favored every enterprise 
that had for its object the welfare of the community 
and the building up of his town. It is certainly a 
blessing to any community to have in its midst such 
men who have also the inclination as well as the 
ability to work for the interests and welfare of the 
entire people. He has served the village in differ- 
ent official positions, always giving eminent satisfac- 
tion. Politically, he is a Democrat, and, socially, is 
a member of the Independent Order of Odd Fellows. 
Jan. 25, 1869, the marriage of Mr. Firoved and 
Miss Mattie J. Woods occurred. Mis9Woods was 
the daughter of David and Nancy (Ayres) Woods, 
natives of Indiana, born of parents who were natives 
of Kentucky. They were among the first settlers of 
Henderson County, and prominent and representa- 
tive people of that part of the State. Mrs. Firoved 
was born Nov. 13, 1849, and has become the mother 
of two children M. Mabel, born Nov. n, 1869; 
and James Ralph, Nov. 22, 1881. 




|ugh R. Thomson, one of the successful 
farmers of Tompkins Township, this county, 
residing on section 13, and a gentleman 
possessing more than ordinary push, tact and 
energy in his vocation, was born in Ohio, Nov. 
22, 1838. His parents were John and Rachel 
(Francis) Thomson, natives of Ohio, who came to 
this State in 1867, and settled in Warren County, 
where his father purchased 1 60 acres of good farm 
land, on which he is at present residing, leading the 
contented life of an agriculturist. 

The gentleman whose name appears at the begin- 
ning of this sketch, remained with his parents until 
1862, receiving at their hands a good common-school 
education. During that year he enlisted in Co. H 



f 



lpl 



""* 



4- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



387 



1 26th Ohio Vol. Inf. With his Company he went 
through the entire " Campaign of the Wilderness," 
participated in the battles of Shenandoah Valley, 
under Gen. Sheridan, and in the siege of Petersburg. 
He was once struck by a fragment of a shell and 
although numerous shots penetrated his clothing, he 
came out of the war without any serious wounds, af- 
ter having served three years, lacking two months. 
After receiving an honorable discharge, Mr. Thom- 
son returned home, and in 1866 came to this State 
and taught school at Biggsville, Henderson County, 
after which he was employed in the Circuit Clerk's 
office at Oquawka. Prior to teaching school, he had 
purchased an undivided half interest of 160 acres of 
land, located on section 13, Tompkins Township, 
this county, and in 1881 he purchased the remaining 
half of the same quarter, which constitutes the 
farm upon which he to-day resides, and where he 
has been successfully engaged as an agriculturist 
since locating thereon. 

Mr. Thomson and Miss Sarah J. McNary, a 

native of Ohio, were united in marriage in 1867. 

She was the daughter of John and Sarah (Maxwell) 

.- McNary, and bore her husband one child, Jessie L. 

' The wife and mother died Feb. 2, 1882. 

Mr. Thomson votes with the Republican party. 
- His religious views coincide with the tenets of 
the United Presbyterian Church, to which denomi- 
nation, at Kirkwood, he belongs and is one of its 
Elders. He has held the office of Road Commis- 
sioner three years and is rightly regarded as one of 
the energetic and respected citizens of Tompkins 
Township. 




I homas H. Rice, a retired farmer and resi- 
dent of Monmouth, was born in Greenup 
County, Ky., Oct. 14, 1810. He was "de- 
scended from a Welsh family, and the first an- 
cestor upon this continent was named Thomas. 
He was a wealthy gentleman, and returned 
to England in a few years for the purpose of collect- 
ing his property, but was never again heard of. 
Thomas H., the subject of this sketch, was the son of 
James and Ann (Hopkins) Rice, who reared five 
sons and one daughter. James Rice was born in 



Rockingham County, Va., and removed to Greenup 
County in 1807. He was drowned while boating on 
the Ohio River, in 1814. His wife was of Scotch 
ancestry and was born in the above county. Two of 
Mr. Rice's uncles, Thomas and John Hopkins, served 
in the War of 1812, while Robert Snead, his wife's 
father, defended the colonies in the Revolutionary 
War. Thomas H. was the fifth child in order of 
birth of the family of six children born to his parents, 
and was brought up to farming and came to Warren 
County in 1835. The land upon which he located 
was afterward set off to Henderson County, and he 
resided there up to his coming to Monmouth, in 
1866. 

Mr. R. was married in Henderson County, April 
12, 1849, to Mrs. Mary I. Ellett, a native of Hanover 
County, Va., where she was born, April 15, 1814. 
Her maiden name was Snead, and she died at her 
home in Monmouth, Feb. 3, 1883, of apoplexy. The 
morning following her death, a local paper published 
the following: 

" Mary I. Rice was born April 14, 1814, near Rich- 
mond, Va. She married Mr. Thomas Ellett in 1834, 
and moved to this county in 1836, boarding, on their 
arrival, at the old house of Aunt Betty McNeil, on 
East Broadway, where now stands the residence of 
John Carr, Esq. Afterward they took up their resi- 
dence in the building now known as Cowan's black- 
smith shop, on West Broadway. The family lived in 
Monmouth only a short time, taking up their resi- 
dence in Henderson County. Mr. Ellett dying, his 
widow married Mr. Thomas Rice on April 12, 1849. 
About 19 years ago, Mr. and Mrs. Rice moved to 
Monmouth, where they have since resided. Of the 
first union, the deceased mother leaves four children 
one son, Virginius C., living in Denver, Col.; 
Thomas F. Ellett, of Red Oak, Iowa; Edwin H. El- 
lett, of Chicago; and Mrs. Sophia Mills, of Rosetta, 
111. Those named, excepting the first, were present 
to attend the funeral. Of the second union, the hus- 
band and two children remain, Mr. William A. Rice, 
banker at Rockport, Mo., and Miss Annie, at home. 
The deceased was a communicant in the Baptist 
Church since 1832." The funeral services were con- 
ducted from the first Baptist Church. 

Mr. and Mrs. Rice had born to them five children 
James Albert, born Jan. 7, 1850, died June i, 
1856 ; William A., born Dec. 13, 185 1, died at Rock- 
port, Mo., where he was a bank cashier, Dec. 5, 



1 



388 



WARREN COUNTY. 



f> 



1883; Annie and Minnie were born July 5, 1856, 
and the latter died June 5, 1864; Jessie Jane was 
born July 5, 1858, and died May 7, 1859. Mr. R. 
was for several years engaged in the fruit and nur- 
sery business. He is a member of the Presbyterian 
Church, and since the demise of the old Whig party, 
has been a Republican. He has always been noted 
for his generosity, his integrity and an unerring de- 
votion to the best interests of society, and as one of 
the truly representative men of Warren County, the 
publishers take pleasure in presenting his portrait in 
this ALBUM, accompanying this sketch. 




rs. Flora A. Aylsworth, widow of Dr. 
Homer E. Aylsworth, residing at Rose- 
ville, is occupied in conducting the busi- 
ness left by her husband. The latter was 
born Sept. 8, 1838, in Burlington Green, Otsego 
Co., N. Y. His parents were Perry and Luna 
N. (Delong) Aylsworth, natives of Rhode Island. 
His father was a farmer by occupation and his fam- 
ily consisted of three children, Homer E., Henry 
M. and Nelson O. 

The Aylsworths are of English and Welsh ances- 
try, and came to America in the iyth century, set- 
tling in Rhode Island, and from that State emigrated 
to New York.. 

Homer E., husband of the subject of this notice, 
lived with his parents until he attained the age of 
1 6 years. Previous to his leaving home he was sent 
to Cherry Valley, N. Y., where he acquired a thor- 
ough and complete knowledge of music. He then 
went to Michigan and was engaged in teaching vocal 
and instrumental music in that State for some time. 
In 1857 he came to this State and occupied his time 
by teaching school, after which he returned East 
and attended the Union College, at Schenectady, 
and in 1863, after following the entire curriculum of 
that institution, he graduated. He then returned to 
Roseville, this county, and, under the instruction of 
Dr. Bradley, commenced the study of medicine. He 
was under Dr. Bradley 's instruction for three years, 
during which time he attended medical lectures at 
Michigan University, Ann Arbor, two years, and re- 



ceived his diploma to practive medicine from that 
institution in 1867. He at once entered upon the 
practice of his profession at Roseville, which he fol- 
lowed until shortly before his death, which occurred 
Jan. 30, 1885. He also established a drug store 
(the first one in the village), in 1868, which he con- 
tinued to conduct until his death. 

Dr. Aylsworth was united in marriage with Mrs. 
Flora A. Eldridge, a native of Stephentown, Rensse- 
laer Co., N. Y., June 26, 1867. She is the daughter 
of Augustus and Maria (Murray) Jones, who were 
old settlers of New York, and was born Jan. 24, 
1845, an d b re her Irasband three children Murray 
D., Mabel W. and Ivan S. Since the death of her 
husband, Mrs. Aylsworth has continued to success- 
fully conduct the drug business which her husband 
had established. The Doctor in his political belief 
was a Prohibitionist, and religiously was a member 
of the Methodist Episcopal Church. He was an en- 
terprising man, of more than ordinary business abil- 
ity, and a respected citizen of this county. In addi- 
tion to his possessions in this county, he was inter- 
ested in land in Dakota, having purchased 640 acres 
in Clark County (now a part of Day County), located 
on what is called Aylsworth Lake. The Doctor left 
a fine home at Roseville, costing about $4,000, in 
which his wife and children reside. Prior to his 
death he was engaged in compiling a biographical 
history of the Aylsworth family, the completion of 
which, however, was prevented by his demise. 




horaas M. Hess, M. D., a practicing physi- 
cian residing in Berwick village, and a 
graduate of Rush Medical College, Chicago, 
was born in New Albany, Ind., Sept. 22, 1819. 
Dr. Hess read medicine in Westfield, Clark 
I Co., 111., with Drs. Moore and Briscoe, and 
then with Dr. Freeman. He entered Stirling Col- 
lege at Columbus, Ohio, and then settled in Homer, 
Champaign County, and practiced there for 26 
years. 

The first marriage of Dr. Hess took place Jan. 24, 
1839, to Miss Nancy Button, who was born in Preble 
Co., Ohio, Nov. 4, 1818. The Doctor was again 







WARREN COUNTY. 



389 



married, June 16, i88r, to Mrs. Martha M. Joyce, 
who was born in Delaware Co., Ohio, Oct. 28, 1843. 
Mrs. Hess is the daughter of Benj. F. Allen, a native 
of Vermont, who was born in 1813, and died in 1865, 
in Maquon, this State. He was a stock-raiser by oc- 
cupation, and married Miss Almira Sweetzer, in 1831. 
She died in 1845, in Delaware Co., Ohio, after hav- 
ing borne her husband six children, who were named 
Sarah E., Ethan, Benton, Mary D., Silas W. and 
Martha. 

Dr. Hess located in Berwick village in 1881, and 
has continued to follow his profession there until the 
present time. He is the father of nine children 
Apollos, born Feb. 17, 1840; William H., Jan. n, 
1842; Smith H., Feb. 10, 1844; Theodore, Dec. 23, 
1851, a twin brother to Ferdinand, who died in in- 
fancy; Allie Belle, Dec. 19, 1853; Theophilus M., 
Nov. 22, 1857. The above children were by the first 
marriage of Dr. Hess, to Miss Nancy Button. Of 
his second union, namely, with Mrs. Joyce, the fol- 
lowing children were born: Theo Leota, March 23, 
1883; TheolaM., Jan. 14, 1885. Three of the above 
named are physicians, namely, William H., Apollos 
and Smith H. 

The Doctor is a member of the Christian Church, 
and has preached in the same for nearly 40 years. 
His wife is also a member of the same denomination. 
The Doctor joined the Order of Masonry in 1854, 
and was a charter member of Homer Lodge, No. 199. 
In politics he is a Douglas Democrat and has always 
voted that ticket. In 1879 he occupied the pulpit for 
some four or five meetings in the Christian Church on 
Western Avenue, Chicago. 







[ndrew Jackson Ritchey is one of the solid 
farmers of the township of Spring Grove, 
where he is the owner of a fine farm, 
containing 450 acres of excellent land, 
all of which is in the best possible condition 
for the purpose to which the owner has de- 
voted it since it became his property. See page 368. 
Mr. Ritchey is a settler in Warren County of 1854. 
He is a native of the State of Indiana, and was born 
in Decatur County, May 17, 1833. He is the son of 



William and Martha (Myers) Ritchey, who were na- 
tives respectively of Pennsylvania and Ohio. They 
were pioneers in the county, in which their son was 
born, and the father was the owner of a farm there 
which he had cleared from a heavy growth of tim- 
ber, it being at the time of its purchase in its native 
state. The senior Ritchey and his family were the 
occupants of the farm in Indiana until 1858. In that 
year they came to Warren County and located in the 
township of Spring Grove. A few years later the fa- 
ther and mother removed to Mercer County and there 
were resident for the period of one year. They went 
thence to Livingston County, and from there to Butler 
Co., Missouri. There the father died, in 1875, the 
widow returning to Fairbury, Livingston Co., 111., 
where she died, Feb. 22, 1884. The family in- 
cluded 12 children. Mr. Ritchey was the second 
son. He was reared under the care of his parents 
and obtained such education as was possible in the 
public schools. 

In 1854 he severed the ties between himself and > 
his boyhood's home and associations and came to 
Illinois to seek an opportunity to make his own way | 
in the world unaided. He located in Warren County 
and engaged in farming in the capacity of an assist- j 
ant in the employ of his uncle, George Myers. He 
remained with him 18 months, or thereabouts. In J 
1855 he bought 75 acres of unimproved land on sec- 
tion 2, of Spring Grove Township, for which he paid 
at the rate of $6 per acre. In the succeeding winter 
he built a frame house, for which he procured the 
lumber at Oquawka. In March, 1856, he took pos- 
session of his farm and new house and prepared to 
enter at once upon the work of improving the place 
according to his own plans and ideas. He was 
prosperous in all his undertakings and is now the 
owner of the fine acreage that has been mentioned. 
Mr. Ritchey is occupied in the duties of mixed hus- 
bandry and devotes much attention to the rearing of 
stock for market. He exhibits some fine specimens 
of Durham cattle and full-blooded Poland-China 
swine. In political persuasion he is a Democrat. 

The marriage of Mr. Ritchey and Miss Mary 
Lowe took place Sept. 13, 1855. She was the 
daughter of John and Margaret Lowe. Her father 
was an Englishman by birth, her mother a native of 
Pennsylvania. Mrs. Ritchey was born in Washing- 
ton Co., Pa., March 2, 1839. They are the parents 
of seven children. Their oldest child, John William, 



i i 



f 

-H- 



390 



WARREN COUNTY. 



died at the age of four and one-half years. He was 
born Sept. 12, 1856, and died May 10, 1861. Charles 
was born June, i, 1858, and died May 23, 1861. 
Sarah F., born Sept. 15, 1869, died May 9, 1861. 
The parents were thus bereft of three children in the 
space of 14 days, their deaths occurring from a com- 
bination of measles and typhoid fever. Ida is the 
wife of William W. Rowe. They reside on a portion 
of the old homestead in the township in which her 
parents reside. Emma married Sept. 23, 1885, 
They are also farming on section 12, in this town- 
ship. Harry and Jessie are the names of the young- 
er of the surviving children. They reside at home 
with their parents. The father and the mother are 
members of the United Brethren Church, in Alexis. 




^sahel D. B. Sisson, one of the largest land- 
owners (considering his acreage in Iowa) 
in Swan Township, where he resides on 
.,,_ section 29, was born in Albany Co., N. Y., Sept. 
> JK 2, 1813. He is a son of Joseph Sisson, born 
in Rhode Island, Oct. 20, 1789. The father 
came to this State in 1837, and here resided, engaged 
in farming, until the date of his death, June 12, 
1851. He was married to Floretta Frisbee, in Jan- 
uary, 1812. She died in 1882, in Iowa, in her 92d 
year. Of their union ten children were born Asa- 
hel D. B., Cyrus F., Emeline, Rufus K., Ann, Augus- 
tine W., Marcus F., Andrew J., Mary E. and Martin. 
The latter died in Henderson County, at the age of 
five years. 

Asahel D. B. Sisson came to Swan Township in 
1836, being attracted hither by an acquaintance. 
He had been raised on a farm, and before leaving 
his native State had been teaching a winter school 
for some time. After his arrival here he became the 
pedagogue of the first school established in the town- 
ship, giving his own labor also in the erection of the 
building in which he was to instruct the youthful 
mind. The old log school-house stood on section 
17. The next winter he went to Greenbush Town- 
ship and taught a school for 12 months. He con- 
tinued school teaching, at different times for about 
ii years. In 1838, he and his brother Cyrus bought 
a half-section of unimproved land (one-quarter of 
which was in timber) on section 29, but no building 
, ' '. 



was erected upon it until 1841, in which year he was 
married. In the meantime he resided with his 
father, who had removed here with his entire family 
in 1837. 

Mr. Sisson formed a matrimonial alliance with 
Miss Henrietta Scott, Aug. 22, 1841. She was born 
in 1819, in the State of Kentucky, her father being 
Peter Scott. He was born in 1795, in North Caro- 
lina, and married Miss Nancy Russell in 1814; 
came to this State in 1824, and first located in Taze- 
well County. His wife was born Dec. 10, 1793, in 
Virginia, and died in California, in 1875. He died 
in Oregon, in 1849. They had six children James, 
Artemesia, Henrietta, Lemuel, Norman and Lawson, 
all of whom are living. 

Mr. and Mrs. Sisson of whom we write, had but 
one child Lovina C. Sisson, who was born April 
10, 1843, and died July 7, 1879. She became the 
wife of Mr. A. A. Cornell, Oct 16, 1864, and of their 
union there was no issue. Mr. A. A. Cornell was 
born March 4, 1836, came to this State in September,' 
1857, and is yet living here. 

Mr. Sisson devotes his time exclusively to agri-j 
cultural pursuits. He has 280 acres of good land in _' 
Swan Township, under an advanced state of cultiva-i 
tion, and is also the owner of 5 40 acres in Iowa.: 
He was Justice of the Peace four years, and the first- 
Treasurer of Swan Township. 

Mr. Sisson voted with the Republican party until 
1876, when he joined the Greenback party, and 
since that time has continued to vote with and work 
for the principles it advocates. 




H. Sexton, County Clerk of Warren Co., 
111., is a native of Pennsylvania, where it 
,, appears he was born in 1837. Of his pa- 
v rentage the biographer is unable to write, as 
like the exact date of his birth, the informa- 
tion upon that score is not at hand. Shakes- 
peare says something about some men being " born 
great; some achieving greatness, and some having 
greatness thrust upon them." It would be hardly 
correct to paraphrase by saying that " some are born 
to office ; some achieve office, and others have office 
thrust upon them; " for an encyclopedia of American 









- 






OLD ROCKWELL MILL. ON CEDAR C ff EEK. RECTED 1837 



ESIDENCE AND MILL PROPERTY OF A. H. ROCKWELL/SEC. 35.SUMNER TOWNSHIP. 




RESIDENCE OFMRS.ANNAC.SYKES.SEC.S. MONMOUTH TOWNSHIP. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



393 






office-holding would plainly, if honestly compiled, 
teach that the second proposition only bore upon 
truth. But to say that some men are born to " soft 
things; "some achieve "soft things" and others 
have " soft things " thrust upon them, would seem to 
be very nearly borne out by the record. 

Mr. Sexton entered the army of the United States 
in the late war as a Quartermaster Sergeant ; from 
this not very hazardous position, he rose in due time to 
Quartermaster of the regiment; from this position he 
left the army at the close of the war and came into 
Warren County to take charge of the office of City 
Clerk of Monmouth. From City Clerk he rose tb 
Deputy Circuit Clerk, and from that again to Deputy 
County Clerk and finally to County Clerk. This 
office he has held on to with great skill ; and as Mr. 
Sexton has not said anything about abandoning the 
office, there appears to be very healthy indications 
that the good people of Warren County need not 
have their best office become unoccupied for want of 
a competent office-holder, for at least some consider- 
able time. We regret that we are unable to say 
more of Mr. S., but the truth is he has been so busy 
serving the people by holding their offices, and in- 
deed holding them with a skill that approaches the 
professional that he has had no time for compiling 
data for the historian. 




^apt. Alfred H. Rockwell, a resident on 
section 35 in the township of Sumner, is 
the son of one of the earliest pioneers of 
the county, having come hither in 1832 with 
his parents. Lovett P. Rockwell, his father, 
was born in Connecticut, Jan. 31, 1798. 
Joshua Rockwell, who was the grandfather of Mr. 
Rockwell of this narrative, was a native of the same 
State and was born Aug. 19, 1774. The former 
married Nabbie Partridge, who was born Feb. 27, 
1775. They left the land of " wooden nutmegs " for 
Ohio soon after the War of 1812, and located in 
Ashtabula County. They were members of the 
pioneer element of the Buckeye State and there the 
mother died, Aug. 10, 1843. The son, Lovett, had 
come to Warren County in 1832, and after the death 



of his wife he joined his children in Illinois. His 
life terminated in Sumner Township, Aug. 25, 1866. 
The father of Mr. Rockwell was a very young man 
when his parents went to Ohio. He was married in 
Ashtabula County, Dec. 19, 1819, to Mary E. John- 
son, a native of the State of New Yoak. She was 
born in Medina in that State, Nov. 23, 1803. Until 
1831 the senior Rockwell was variously occupied in 
Ohio. In that year he made a journey to Warren 
County on a prospecting tour. He was satisfied 
with the apparent prospects and bought the north- 
east quarter of section 25 in township 12. The 
troubles that culminated in the Black Hawk War 
were felt in this county, and the terrified settlers had 
built a fort and block-house for mutual protection in 
what was afterward Sumner Township. Soon after 
securing his claim, he returned to Ohio, and in the 
spring of 1832 sought again the site he had selected 
for a new home, accompanied by his family. His 
household included his wife and three children, and 
they came by the river route to Illinois. They came 
from the Mississippi River by the Illinois River to 
Fulton County, and from there to their destination, 
arriving in June. The dangers from the Indians 
made it necessary for them to move into the block- 
house. The property Mr. Rockwell had bought was 
under some improvements, and a saw -mill with an 
outfit of burr-stones for grinding corn had been 
erected on the place. The new proprietor improved 
the land of which he had become the possessor and 
operated the mills on it for some years. In 1837 he 
built a grist-mill, and not long after still further in- 
creased his business relations by opening a mercan- 
tile establishment for the sale of general merchandise, 
such as was required in a pioneer community. His 
enterprise resulted in the place being made a postal 
station and he was appointed to manage its connec- 
tions in behalf of the Government. He conducted 
the affairs of his several occupations until failing 
health admonished him that a change was impera- 
tive. The gold fever afforded a resort and he crossed 
the plains to the El Dorado of the West, whither he 
went in 1850. In the year following he bought a 
ranch in what was known as the Napa Valley. He 
remained in California a few years, returning in 1853. 
On his way homeward he was taken sick, and never 
fully recovered from that illness. He was well 
enough to resume his business, which he did, and 
continued to manage his interests two years. In 



394 



WARREN COUNTY. 






1857 he went back to California, but remained there 
only until the next year. In 1858 he came back, 
but in no better health than when he went away, 
and he never again gave his attention to business. 
His death occurred May 17, 1860. His wife was 
his survivor until Sept. 15, 1884. She was a mem- 
ber of the family of her son Alfred as long as she 
lived after the death of her husband. Six of their 
eight children lived to mature life, Albert J., Clar- 
issa, Alfred H., Maria L., Sarah A. and Edward W. 
Mary E. and Nancy died young. Only three are 
now living. Alfred H. is a resident on a part of the 
homestead property. Maria L. is the survivor of 
her husband W. W. Still wagon, of California. Sarah 
A. is the widow of Theodore Hofies. She lives in 
Chicago. Edward W., the^youngest son, was born 
in Sumner Township, Aug. 4, 1840. He enlisted in 
1862 in Co. B, 83d 111. Vol. Inf., and received a 
fatal wound at the battle of Fort Donelson, Feb. 3, 
1863, from which he died on the 27th of the same 
month. 

Mr. Rockwell was in the first year of his life when 
his father removed to Warren County with his family. 
He was born in 1831 in Ashtabula Co., Ohio. Until 
he was large enough to be useful on the farm, he 
was a pupil in the common schools. After arriving 
at a suitable age, he acted as assistant in the mill 
and on the farm until he reached the period of his 
legal freedom baring the time he was in California. 
At the age of 21 his father made him a partner in 
his business relations and they operated jointly un- 
til 1857. He then leased the entire property and 
was its sole manager until 1862. The Civil War 
was then the engrossing topic, and Mr. Rockwell 
was too good a patriot to permit the defense of his 
interests by others altogether, and in August of the 
second year of the war he enlisted in the 83d 111. 
Vol. Inf. He enrolled in Company I, and was in 
active service from that time until soldiers were no 
longer a necessity in the United States. He served 
with the Army of the Tennessee and was discharged 
with his regiment in June, 1865. On his return he 
bought the homestead with his older brother (since 
deceased). The estate contained 720 acres, and 
when they made their division Mr. Rockwell took 
2ii acres on sections 35 and 36, including the grist- 
mill. He is still managing the mill and farm. 

The marriage of Mr. Rockwell took place Nov. 
15, 1854, his wife being Martha P. Crawford, the 



daughter of James C. and Esther (Sloan) Crawford, 
who emigrated from Ohio to Mercer Co., 111., in 
1833 theirs being the seventh family to settle in 
that county. Two years after they moved into War- 
ren County. The father of Mrs. Rockwell was born 
in Washington Co., N. Y., and the mother in Blount 
Co., Tenn., the marriage of the parents occurring 
Jan. 27, i83r. The mother died May 9, 1882, but 
the father is still living at this writing (Dec. 22, 1885) 
in Henry Co., Mo. Mrs. Rockwell was born in 
Franklin Co., Ohio, March 20, 1832, being only 
about one year of age when her parents removed to 
Illinois. To Mr. and Mrs. Rockwell were born eight 
children, of whom six are yet living. They are 
named William Elmer, Frank D., Clara A., Alma 
E., Mary E. and J. Lovett. Wm. E. married Miss 
Lou Louis and resides in Omaha. Their other chil- 
dren reside at home. 

His wife is a worthy member of the United Pres- 
byterian Church. Mr. Rockwell, in politics, votes 
as he fought, for the precepts of the Republican , 
party. 

An excellent view of the old mill and residence of 
Capt. Rockwell is presented in the accompanying 
pages. 



H- 







S. Douty, a well-to-do and respected farm- 
er of Tompkins Township, where he owns 
231 acres of land, located on section 30. 
Here he resides in the prosecution of his voca- 
tion. He was born Feb. 16, 1832, in Maine. 
His parents, Oakesman and Mercy (Coulton) 
Douty, were natives of Massachusetts. 

Mr. Douty of this notice remained under the par- 
ental roof until he was 16 years of age. He had the 
misfortune to lose his father, he having died in 1844, 
and his mother in 1853. He received a good com- 
mon-school education in the district schools of his 
native county, and after leaving home he engaged in 
the lumber business, which he followed for several 
years. In 1857 he came to this State, and passed 
the winter in Galesburg, Knox County. He then 
rented a farm in Henderson County, and for six 
years was engaged in farming in that manner, meet- 
ing with some success. In 1865 he purchased a, 



WARREN COU-NTY. 



395 



farm near Roseville, consisting of 80 acres, on which 
he moved and labored for one year, when he sold it. 
At that time he purchased 80 acres on section 30, 
Tompkins Township, and has there resided ever 
since. Soon after purchasing this land, with his 
family he located thereon, and, by hard labor and 
economy on the part of both heads of the family, he 
has been enabled to add 151 acres to his original 
purchase, and is now the owner of a fine farm of 231 
acres, where he lives and is engaged in its cultiva- 
tion and improvement. In addition to the cultiva- 
tion of his land, he is engaged to no inconsiderable 
extent in stock raising, and by combining both 
branches of his avocation in life, he is meeting with 
success. 

The marriage of Mr. Douty to Miss Sarah Stewart, 
a native of Clinton Co., Pa., took place Sept. 19, 
1861. She was the daughter of Michael and Eliza- 
beth (Hunt) Stewart, who came to this State in 1859 
and located in Henderson County, where they both 
died, her father in 1869, and her mother in 1865. 
Mr. and Mrs. Douty are the parents of two children, 
Ida B. and Wilbur. They also have an adopted 
daughter, Eva (Shriner) Douty. 

In politics. Mr. Douty is a Republican. He is 
also School Director of his district and one of the 
respected as well as representative citizens of the 
township. 




lames E. Amos, farmer, residing on section 
n,Greenbush Township, was born in Ver- 
million Co., Ind., in 1833. He remained 
with his parents until he attained the age of 21 
years, receiving such advantages as were ob- 
tainable at the common schools, and assisting 
in the labors in the cabinet shop and finishing the 
carpenter's trade in Perrysville, Ind. His father, 
Nathaniel Amos, now deceased, was born in Penn- 
sylvania, in 1802, and married Miss Jane Evans, in 
1824. She was born Feb. 29, 1808, in Pennsyl- 
vania, and bore her husband eight children, viz. : 
Benjamin, Joanna, Kittie J. (deceased), James, Wil- 
liam and George. John W. and an infant unnamed 
are deceased. 

James E. Amos, of whom we write, formed a mat- 



X- 1 - 



rimonial alliance with Miss Nancy M. Baughman, 
April 22, 1856. The Baughman family were early 
settlers in Fulton County, this State, her father be- 
ing among the number. She was born March 21, 
1842, and died May 5, 1877. She was a member of 
the Methodist Church. Of their union five children 
were born Amanda J., Nov. 3, 1857 ; Mary E., Feb. 
17, 1860; William F., Sept. 15, 1864; Minnie A., 
Aug. 19, 1869; Iva V., Feb. 16, 1877, all of whom 
are living. 

March 30, 1882, Mr. Amos was again married, to 
Mrs. Josephine Lloyd. Her first husband's name 
was John J. Butler, who was a native of Ohio, 
born in 1836, and died in 1863; they were married 
Dec. 29, 1860. The second husband of Mrs. Amos, 
James R. Lloyd, was born in Kentucky, in 1831, and 
died Nov. 21, 1879. They were married, Jan. 25, 
1866, in this county. Mrs. Amos had two children 
by her first husband, namely : Mary E., born Oct. 
24, 1861, and Isaac L., born Jan. 16, 1863. The 
latter died in May, same year. By her second mar- 
riage, five children were born Eliza L., Nov. 28, 
1866; died Nov. 15, 1876; Nellie, born May 3r, 
1869; Rosa, April 4, 1871, and an unnamed infant "" 
born Feb. 4, 1875; died May 7, same year, and 
Joseph R., born Jan. 28, 1878. Mr. Lloyd, second 
husband of Mrs. Amos, was one of the first settlers 
in Greenbush Township. His mother was born in 
1801, in Albemarle Co., Va.,and died Nov. 10, 1884. 
She once attended a reception, given in honor of 
Gen. LaFayette. William Lloyd, the father of Mr. 
James R. Lloyd, was born Dec. 5, 1802; was married 
to Eliza W. Traulliar in 1825 ; was the father of six 
children Lucinda F., born Sept. 15, 1828: James 
R., Feb. 16, 1831; Charles W., June 17, 1833; 
Sarah E., Dec. 9, 1836, Martillus, July 14, 1839; 
Thomas J., Feb. 16, 1841 ; James R. was the only 
one that was married. Sarah E. is the only one of 
the children living. 

Mr. Amos, of this sketch, and Mrs. Lloyd were 
married March 30, 1882. They have 200 acres of 
good land in this county, which is particularly suited 
for the raising of stock. On their place they have a 
good dwelling 26 x 36 feet and two stories in height; 
also a barn 30 x 42 feet, with a basement. Her 
former husband, Mr. Butler, belonged to the Chris- 
tian Church, as likewise does her third husband, Mr. 
Amos. The latter is an ordained minister and has 
occupied the pulpit in the Christian Church for the 



WARREN COUNTY. 



1 



past 24 years. He is a temperance man and votes 
with the Prohibition party. He is also President of 
the Western Illinois Christian Conference and Secre- 
tary of the Illinois State Conference. In his early 
life he learned the carpenter's trade, and assisted to 
build the first house that was erected in the city of 
Bushnell. He also erected 56 buildings in Fulton 
County. The father of Mrs. Amos, Joseph L. Park, 
was born in November, 1810; was a member of the 
Presbyterian Church; married Miss Mary McDonald 
in 1833, and died in 1852. She was born in Ken- 
tucky, in 1816, and is still living, residing in Green- 
bush village. Of their union seven children were 
born: William B., who died in the army, was born 
in 1835; Columbus, in 1837; Josephine, Sept. 17, 
1839; John, Jan. 9, 1842; Wallace, June 19, 1844; 
Marion, Sept. 17, 1849, ar >d Sarah E., May 8, 1852. 



-43- 




-ames F. Thomson, an agricuturist of this 
county, which vocation he has followed the 
major portion of his life, is a resident of 
section 10, Tompkins Township. He was born 
in Jefferson Co., Ohio, Oct. 20, 1844, of pa- 
rents who were natives of Ohio, and named re- 
spectively John and Rachel (Frances) Thomson. 
They came to this State in 1867, and settled upon 
the same section where James F., of this sketch, at 
present resides, and where the father purchased 160 
acres of land on which he is at present residing. 

The gentleman we name at the commencement of 
this biography, was an inmate of his parent's family 
until one year after attaining his majority. His years, 
prior to that time, were passed in acquiring a rudi- 
mentary education at the common schools, which he 
supplemented by a course of study at a Normal 
school. On attaining the age of 22 years, Mr. 
Thomson engaged in teaching, and was thus occu- 
pied for three years, one year in Ohio and two years 
in Henderson County, this State. In 1870, in com- 
pany with his brother, he purchased the undivided 
half interest to 160 acres of land on section 13, 
Tompkins Township. They jointly cultivated the 
same until 1881, when Mr. Thomson, of this notice, 
sold his interest to his brother and purchased the 80 



acres on which he at present resides. He located on 
his land and began the active labor of an agricul- 
turist, which he has continued, with success, until 
the present time. By energetic labor and economy 
he succeeded in accumulating sufficient to make an 
additional purchase of 80 acres, and at present is the 
proprietor of 160 acres of good farming land, all in a 
body and under an advanced state of cultivation. 

Sept. 3, 1873, Mr. Thomson was married to the 
lady of his choice, Miss Mary E. Norcross. She is 
a native of this State, and a daughter of Hamlin 
and Clarinda (Hoge) Norcross. Their union has 
been blessed by the birth of three children, whom 
they named Carl H., Frank N. and Maggie F. The 
political views of Mr. Thomson coincide with the 
principles advocated by the Republican party, with 
which he always casts his vote. He and his wife are 
members of the United Presbyterian Church. 

Mr. Thomson was a soldier for the Union in the 
late War, having enlisted in the i57th"Ohio Vol. Inf., 
and served five months, having engaged in no con- 
flict, but being actively occupied in guarding prison- 
ers during that time. He received an honorable 
discharge in September, 1864. He is one of the rep- 
resentative citizens of Tompkins Township and a 
successful and progressive follower of his vocation. 




arzillai Parker, deceased, was a pioneer 
of Warren County,who located in the town- 
ship of Spring Grove rather what is now 
known as such, in 1835. He was born at 
Snow Hill, Worcester Co., Md., April 18, 
1808. His home was there until he was 
nine years of age, when his parents removed to Ken- 
tucky, in which State he remained until his removal 
to Warren County, in the year stated. His father 
died in Kentucky soon after the family removed to 
that State. Mr. Parker was accompanied to Warren 
County by his mother and sister. The journey from 
Ohio was made overland, they bringing with them 
their household furniture and also what stock they 
owned. Mr. Parker built a log house and rived the 
shingles to cover the roof. After making provisions 
for shelter he commenced improving the land which 



WARREN COUNTY. 



399 



he had pre-empted. He placed in order for success- 
ful farming about 100 acres of the tract that he at 
first pre-empted and from time to time continued his 
purchases of real estate until he was at the time of 
his death the possessor of upwards of 1,000 acres. 
He had at various times visited Nebraska and Iowa 
and made large pm chases of land in both States. 

Mr. Parker was a man of zeal, energy and indus- 
try and was prominent in his method of pushing 
such projects as he was interested in to a successful 
termination. 

Politically, he was a Republican in later days. In 
the early times, when he was first interested in poli- 
itics, he was a Whig. He joined the ranks of the 
"Grand Old Party '1 when it was organized. 

He was twice married. Kllen D. Pease became 
his wife in 1843. She was born near Rockland, 
Maine, and her parents were pioneers in Mercer Co, 
111. To Mr. and Mrs. Parker there were five chil- 
dren born. Henry C. is a citizen of Monmouth 
" Township. Adda P. is married to P helps Paine, a 
resident of Lincoln, Neb. Rhoda H.Js the wife of 
j George Herbert, of Spring Grove Township. Barzil- 
"_ lai is the next in order of birth. Sarah is deceased. 
Mrs. Parker, the mother of the children just enumer- 
ated, died in 1851. In 1854 Mr. Parker formed a 
second matrimonial relation with Mrs. Zoa Ulmer. 
There were two children from this union. Mary W. 
is married to George F. Miner, of Monmouth. Eva 
is deceased. Mr. Parker died May 19, 1884. 




,on. James H. Stewart, Judge of War- 
ren County Court, was born Jan. 5, 1818. 
at Elkton, Todd Co., Ky., and is the son 
of R.ev. W:n. K. and Lucretia P. (Moore) 
Stewart, natives of North and South Carolina 
respectively, and descended from Scotch and 
Scotch-Irish ancestry. They were married in Chris- 
tian Co., Ky., April i, 1817, and at once repaired to 
Elkton, where their three sons and two daughters 
were born. 

The Rev. Mr. Stewart was of the Presbyterian 
Church; came to Illinois in 1830: had charge of a 
congregation at Vandalia five years; there buried his 
wife in 1831 : removed to Macomb in 1836, where 



he preached to his people as long as health per- 
mitted, and died April [5, '852, in the 6ad year of 
his life. He was a ripe scholar, a graduate of Hamp- 
den-Sidney College, of Virginia, and was a preacher 
of recognized force and merit from the time he was 
21 years of age. 

Judge James H. Stewart was the eldest son and 
was educated at Hanover College, Ind., from whence 
he graduated in 1836, and at once began the study 
of law, under James Allen, and completing his 
course of reading in the office of Cyrus Walker, of 
Macomb, III. He was admitted to the Bar at Spring- 
field, Jan. i, 1840, and immediately commenced to 
practice at Lewistown, Fulton County, this State. 
From there, at the end of a year, he removed to Mil- 
lersburg, Mercer County, where he remained in close 
practice four and a Half years. He then hung out 
his shingle at Oquawka, and there added 15 years to 
his life and much to his knowledge of the law. He 
was then at Knoxville about a year and first came to 
Monmouth in the spring of 1861. Here he has spent 
the matured years of his life. Judge Stewart, the 
Nestor of the Warren County Bar, has a reputation 
as wide as the borders of the State in which he re- 
sides. His name will be transmitted with the his- 
tory of the community with whose interests he has 
been so long identified, and the posterity of those 
whose lives we chronicle to-day, will know, him as a 
man honored among men and worthy of their emula- 
tion. 

fudge Stewart's official career began at Oquawka, 
in 185 i, when he was elected State's Attorney, for 
the isth Judicial Circuit. In 1856, after a division 
of the district, he was twice re-elected to the same 
position for the tenth circuit. In 1881 he was chosen 
County Judge of Warren, to fill out the unexpired 
term of Judge Willets, deceased, and in 1882, 
regularly elected for the ensuing term of four 
years. The Judge is a Democrat in whom there is 
no guile, and that he is fully appreciated by his party 
is attested by his record. He has twice been its 
candidate for Representative from this county, but 
that body being notorious as a Senatorial Manufac- 
turing Machine, the good people usually select men 
especially gifted (?) for that important duty rather 
than men possessed of knowledge as law-makers. 
The Judge was alternate delegate to the St. Louis 
National Democratic Convention of 1876, and dele- 
gate to that body at Cincinnati, in 1880. 



A' 



400 



WARREN COUNTY. 



Beginning as a |>oor boy, Judge Stewart rounds 
life at a ripe age possessed of a handsome competency. 
He is largely interested in agriculture and banking, 
which receives much of his personal attention. He 
was married in McDonough County, this State, June 
30, 1842, to Isabella C. McKamy, who was born in 
Roane Co., Tenn., Jan. 22, 1824, and has borne to 
him ten children, only three of whom are living 
William K., whose biography appears in this volume; 
Isabella, wife of D. M. Hammack, an attorney at 
Burlington, Iowa, and Mary M. Lucretia P. was 
born Aug. 18, 1862, and died Nov. 24, 1878; the rest 
of his children died in infancy. We felicitate our- 
selves on being enabled to add to this biographical 
notice, as well as to the portrait feature of our work, 
a reproduction of a life-like photograph of Judge 
Stewart, which was recently taken. 




Bennett, owning 67 acres of good tillable 
land in Tompkins Township, and also 480 
acres in Boone Co., Neb., and residing upon 
)tj section 19, of the township named, where he is 
engaged in the pursuits of an agriculturist, 
_ was born in Madison Co., N. Y., April 8, 1829, 
his parents being Jacob and Elizabeth (Coss) Ben- 
nett, natives of Montgomery Co., N. Y. 

The gentleman whose name heads this biographi- 
cal notice, lived with his parents until he was eight 
years of age, at which time his father died. He was 
then absent from his mother until he was 14 years 
old, when he returned and resided with her for four 
years, receiving at her hands a good common school 
education. He t'.ien left home and worked out for 
five years by the month, [n 1854 he _came to this 
State, and became a citizen of this county, where he 
was engaged in the occupation of a farmer, working 
for others and doing odd jobs for one season. Dur- 
ing that year he purchased the 8o-acre tract of land 
on which he is at present residing, moved upon it 
with his family and at once engaged in the vocation 
which he had followed more or less all his life. He 
erected a fine residence upon his farm, together with 
a good barn and necessary outbuildings and set out 
trees, ornamental and fruit, and cultivated and im- 



proved the place, until it presents a fine appearance 
to the passer-by of to-day. In his chosen vocation, 
Mr. Bennett is meeting with that success, which 
push, perseverance and energy are sure to bring. 

In 1857, Mr. Bennett was united in marriage with 
Miss Liza Thorp, a native of New York, and a daugh- 
ter of John Thorp. Her father came to this State 
in 1854, settling in this county, where, with his wife, 
he lived until their death. In politics, Mr. B. votes 
with the Republican party, and is regarded as one of 
the leading, representatives of his vocation in his 
township. 




( avid Allard is a farmer in the township of 
Point Pleasant and is the owner of 240 
acres of land situated on section 8. He 
was born April 6, 1824, in the town of Eaton, 
Carroll Co., N. H., of which State his father, 
$ Jacob Allard, was also a native. Job Allard, his 
grandfather, was one of the earliest settlers in the 
" Granite State," where he took up a tract of land all 
in timber, which was located 18 miles from any set- 
tlement of whites. It was in Carroll County, and 
he cleared a farm, on which he resided until his 
death. His son Jacob was born on the same farm, 
and was the heir to the estate of the father who had 
done the work of the pioneer on it. Sally (Thurs- 
ton) Allard, the wife and mother, was also a native 
of Eaton in the same county. To her and her hus- 
band ten children were born, of whom six are now 
living: David is the eldest; Jane is the wife of 
Daniel Young, and they are living in Freedom, Car- 
roll Co., N. H. ; Joseph S. is married to Miss Fannie 
Wornom and is a farmer in this county ; Eliza is Mrs. 
Bradley Davis, and, with her husband, resides in 
Stockton, Cal. ; Martha is the wife of Charles Davis 
and lives in Iowa; Rose A. is the youngest member 
of the family living, and is married to F. H. Baldwin. 
They live in Oregon. 

Mr. Allard was reared and educated in the town 
where he was born. At the age of 20 he went to 
Belfast, Maine, and there passed two years in ac- 
quiring a knowledge of blacksmithing He returned 
to his native State and operated as a "jour" one 



' 



-4 



WARREN COUNTY. 



401 



year. July 2, 1846, Mr. Allard was married to Miss 
Harriet Patch. "She was born in Eaton, N. H., and 
is the daughter of Dennis and Susan (Drew) Patch. 
He then purchased a farm in the vicinity of the old 
homestead, and there opened a shop in his own inter- 
est. He managed the farm and the shop together 
until 1855, when he sold both, preparatory to moving 
to Illinois. He settled in Warren County and bought 
a farm near Jackson Corners, in the township of 
Ellison. On this he resided until 1864, when he re- 
moved to Monmouth, to secure for his children the 
advantages of the schools of that place. He was 
engaged in the pursuit of his trade in the C;irr Plow, 
Shops there two years, and at the expiration of that 
time he purchased a farm in Point Pleasant Town- 
ship, on which he has since resided. It has the usual 
complement of trees and farm buildings. It has 
also a grove of forest trees, including white ash, wal- 
nut, butternut, ash-leaved maple, white maple, cot- 
tonwood, willow and chestnut. These cover six acres, 
and are situated on a mound which is said by survey- 
ors to be the highest point between the two rivers 
east and west. 

To Mr. and Mrs. Allard were born ten children, 
eight of whom are now living : Frank, Vina, Rose, 
Josephine, Orrin, Charles, William and Elgena. 





Jewell, an energetic and industrious 
farmer, residing on section 33, of Lenox 
Township, is a son of Lemuel and Jane 
(Cole) Jewell, natives of York State, and who 
settled there until 185 t, when they came West- 
ward, located in Lenox Township, Warren 
County, this State. At the latter place they made 
their permanent abiding place until taken to their 
eternal homes. Of their union were born seven chil- 
dren Abel, Jacob, Halsey T., Harriet, Henry, Ira 
and John being their names. 

John Jewell, of whom we write, was born in Rome, 
Oneida Co., N. Y., June 4, 1830, and in 1851 came 
to Warren County, this State. While residing under 
the parental roof-tree heattended the district schools 
in the acquisition of an English education and as- 
sisted his parents in the duties of the farm After 
... , ' ' A 



his departure from home in the year above men- 
tioned, he bought 80 acres of land on section 33, his 
present site, which he has made his home ever since. 
His farm has been put under excellent improvement 
and cultivation and he has erected suitable buildings 
thereon. 

Mr. Jewell and Miss Juliet A. Smith were united 
in marriage in Warren County, Sept. 30, 1852. She 
was born in Virginia, Sept. 10, 1820, and bore her 
husband one child, who died in infancy. She died 
April 15, 1880, and he was again married, Feb. 24, 
1881, to Flora L. Crosier, a native of Ellison Town- 
ship, Warren County, where she was born March 3, 
1859. She has become the mother of two children 
by Mr. Jewell Rodney C. and Rosa. Mr. and Mrs. 
Jewell are members of the United Brethren Church. 
In politics, Mr. J. is identified with the principles of 
the Democratic party. 




illiarn P. Smith, retired merchant at Mon- 
mouth, was born Feb. 22, 1815, in Louisa 
._ Co., Va. His parents, Barnett and Mary 
1> (Grayson) Smith, were of Virginia and de- 
scended from English ancestors. Of their 
five sons and four daughters, five of whom are 
still living, William F. was fourth in order of birth. 
At the age of 15 years, Mr. Smith began clerking in 
a store at Glasgow, Ky., the family having removed 
into Barren County, that State, in 1820. The Ken- 
tucky farm upon which the old people spent their 
lives is yet owned by the subject of this sketch. The 
father died in 1847, ' n n ' s &9th year, and the mother 
in 1884, aged 95. Both died in Kentucky. 

William F. Smith came to Monmouth in Novem- 
ber, 1835, and opened a variety store. He had 
only $t,ooo in money, but he was well backed by a 
Louisville, Ky., firm, for whom he had clerked some 
time, and after realizing upon his first cargo of goods 
he had cleared about $1,500. With this he re- 
turned to Louisville, as the weather promised to be 
too cold for him up here, but his old backers induced 
him to return. He next embarked in the dry-goods 
business with an employe named B. C. Hord as his 
partner. In 1838, the Louisville firm took an inter- 



402 



WARREN COUNTY. 



est. In 1844, having sold out to the firm, Mr. 
Smith opened a drug store and continued in that 
line of business until 1868. 

Politically, Mr. Smith was originally a Democrat, 
and as such was elected Probate Justice in 1844-5. 
Mr. Polk appointed him Postmaster to fill out an 
unexpired term of a predecessor, but Zachary Tay- 
lor, though Mr. Smith had 500 signers to his peti- 
tion while his competitor had only 13, ousted him. 
In 1849, however, the citizens of the county felt out- 
raged, and though the Democrats to whom he had 
belonged were greatly in the minority, he was elected 
to the County Clerkship by a large majority, and 
held the office tour years, ending in 1853. In 1856, 
he became a Republican, and has affiliated with that 
party to the present. 

The marriage of Mr. Smith took place April 12, 
1838, at which time Miss Margaret Bell, the ac- 
complished daughter of Rev. L. G. and Margaret 
(Beard) Bell, of the Presbyterian Church, became 
his wife. She was born in Leesburg, Va., April 18, 
1817. She bore him ten children Charles (de- 
ceased), Edwin R. (deceased), Mary, Inez B., Will- 
iam B., Lancelot G., Carrie K., Lizzie A., Ella and 
Harry B. All are grown, and the boys are in bust-' 
ness. 




lohn Barnes, owning 200 acres of good 
farm land on section 24, Tompkins Town- 
ship, where he lives and is engaged in its 
cultivation, was bom in West Virginia, Jan. 10, 
1820. His father, Henry Barnes, was a native 
of the same State, and the mother of Mr. 
Barnes, of this notice, Catherine Barnes, whose 
maiden name was Cunningham, was also a native of 
Virginia. 

Mr. Barnes resided with his parents until he at- 
tained his majority, when he moved to Indiana, and 
having been brought up on a farm and becoming 
familiar with agricultural pursuits, he purchased land 
in the latter State, and followed the vocation which 
he had chosen in early manhood, at that place, until 
1856. During the year last named, Mr. Barnes 
came to this State, and purchased the farm on which 
he is at present residing. His farm comprises 200 



acres of land under an advanced state of cultivation, 
and its appearance is indicative of the push and 
energy which Mr. B. possesses. 

Mr. Barnes become the husband of Miss Elvira 
Love, in 1843, and by her has had four children, as 
follows : George, Ansell, Cynthia J. and Charles 
W. The wife- and mother died in 1857, and Miss 
Elizabeth Monroe became his wife. Of the latter 
union, three children John F., Alice and Eddy, 
have been born. Mr. Barnes votes with the Repub- 
lican party and he and his wife and five children are 
members of the Methodist Episcopal Church. Soci- 
ally, Mr. Barnes is a member of the I. O. O. F. and 
of the Order of Masonry, and is one of the pushing, 
go-ahead representatives of his vocation in Tomp- 
kins Township. 




F. Trulock, one of Warren County's 
energetic ;md successful farmers and large 
land-owners, and who has been closely 
identified with the development of the county 
since 1850, resides on section 36, Berwick 
Township. He was born in Scot Co., Ind., in 
December, 1815, and is a son of Parker Trulock, a 
native of Maryland. The father moved to Indiana 
in 1815, and there resided, engaged in the occupa- 
tion of a farmer until his death, which occurred 
about 1854. He was married to Miss Elizabeth 
Terrel, in Virginia, and by her had 1 1 .children, as 
follows: John, William. Isaac, Mary, Sarah, Char- 
lotte, Esther, Samuel M., James W., Parker L. and 
Henry. 

Henry F. Trulock has passed the years of his life 
until the present in agricultural pursuits. Reared 
on the parental homestead, he there first learned the 
lessons of an agriculturist and in the schools of his 
native county acquired his education, and there lived 
and developed into manhood. 

The marriage of Mr. Trulock took place Jan. 30, 
1845. at which time Miss Margaret Peacock became 
his wife. She was born in Devonshire, Eng., Jan. 
28, 1818, and has borne him six children Sarah E, 
and Catherine, twins, born May 10 ,1847 ; Nancy A., 
July 8, 1849; James M., Jan. 21, 1852; Frances 



THORNDALE FARM" RES. or J. F.OWEN s. SEC. 2.. MONMOUTH TOWNSHIP 




RESIDENCE OF HENRY u. JEWETLL. SEC. 24. LENOXTOWNSH IP. 




RES. OF WILLIAM EDWARDS, SEC. 35. HALETOVYNSHIP. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



45 



M., March i, 1853; W. H., Oct. 28, 1854; and 
Harriet J., April 28, 1856. 

The father of Mrs. Trulock, Wm. Peacock, was 
born in England, from which country he emigrated 
to the United States and located in Indiana, in 1819. 

In England, he married Nancy Davidson, and of 
their union six children were born, namely : Mar- 
garet, William, Robert, Frances, Mary and John. 

Mr. Trulock, on coming to this county, at once 
engaged in agricultural pursuits. He came here in 
1850, and located in Berwick Township, and has_ 
here resided until the present time. Considering 
that on his arrival in Warren County, lie was only 
the possessor of a span of horses and $^50 in 
money, and has since accumulated his handsome 
property, he certainly deserves mention in this work, 
at least as a man of energy, pluck and perseverance. 
That he has done a large amount of hard work and 
a good deal of thinking, and passed through many 
trials, cannot be denied, and his accumulations are ; 
' but the outgrowth of the same, for he was never the 
recipient of any legacy, and what he has he has 
made for himself. His landed interests in the county 
,> are upwards of 800 acres, on which he has five farm 
houses, and in the vocation which he is following 
and has followed for .so many years, he is meeting 
with that success which energy and 'good judgment ! 
are sure to bring. In politics, he votes with and en- ' 
dorses the principles advocated by the Republican | 
party. In this the sunset of his life, he is living in j 
the enjoyment of that competency obtained througli 
years of honest and laborious toil. 



'l > ei V = 




\ ames F. Owens, is of more than ordinary 
|j|- reputation as a farmer and stock raiser, and 
' is a resident on section 2, Monmouth Town- 
ship. He was born in Cincinnati, Ohio, May 
1^ 8, 1829. His father, John Owens, was born 
in Conway Castle, Wales, March 18, 1793, 
and in his early life was a shoemaker, and later a 
merchant at Davenport, Iowa. He was only six 
weeks old when his parents emigrated to the United 
States and located in New York City. His father 
and mother lived in that city for some years, when 



they moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and there resided 
until their deaths. John Owens, when a young man, 
engaged to learn the trade of a shoemaker, which. 
after having mustered it, he continued to follow until 
his enlistment as private in the War of 1812. At 
the close of that war, John, being yet a single man 
and having no means, set out alone and on foot, to 
cross the Alleghany Mountains, and then returned 
to Cincinnati, Ohio. He arrived in the Queen City 
in 1816, when that now populous and busy city had 
but 8,000 inhabitants. On rrriving in that city he 
engaged in working at his trade, which he followed 
until his marriage to Mrs. Eunice Meeker, nee 
Kent, a native of New Jersey. She was a descend- 
ant of Anneke Jans, of the famous estate of that 
name, and of whom Rev. Bogardus, whose history 
was closely connected with that of New York, was a 
member, who was followed by a Spears, then an Ed- 
ward, and finally a Kent, of whom Mrs. Owens, the 
mother of the subject of this notice, was descended. 
The parents were married in Cincinnati, Ohio, and ^ 
there the father followed his trade until 1838. At 
that time eight children had been born to them, four . 
sons and four daughters, of whom James Owens, the 
subject of this notice, was fifth in order of birth The 
parents then came to Davenport, Iowa, where the 
father engaged in the mercantile business, and in 
which he met with financial success. He was the 
first Director of the first State bank of that city. 
After the law was changed and State banks went out 
of existence, national banks taking their place, Mr. 
Owens became Director of the First National Bank 
of Davenport, it_being known at the present as the 
Davenport National Bank. He was a man of great 
foresight, sound business judgment and possessed of 
that indomitable energy and perseverance that is so 
necessary to success in life. In addition to his 
banking business at Davenport, he continued his 
mercantile pursuits and became one of the prosper- 
ous and well-to-do citizens of that city, in which he 
continued to reside until his death, which occurred 
Sept. 24, 1876, aged 84 years. His wife, the mother 
of the subject of this notice, died in July, 1884, aged 
9 r years. 

The gentleman whose name heads this notice, was 
ten years of age when his parents came from Cincin- 
nati, Ohio, to Davenport, Iowa. He resided at home, 
attending the public schools at Davenport and act- 
ing as clerk iu his father's store, until 1855. August 



406 



WARREN COUNTY. 






22, of that year, he was united in marriage, at the 
residence of the bride's parents in Monmouth Town- 
ship, with Mary T. Hopper, daughter of William 
and Edith (Hirrison) Hopper, the latter being a 
cousin of the hero of Tippecanoe, William Henry 
Harrison. Her father was a native of Bourbon Co., 
Ky., her mother cf Rockingham Co., Va. They 
were married in Todd Co., Ky., Aug. 27, 1818. The 
wife of the subject of this notice was born July 20, 
1834. She was only an infant when her parents 
came to this State, the date thereof being 1837. 
Her parents located on land which was in its natural 
condition, in Monmouth Township, few families 
having located there at that time. They brought 
with them a cooking-stove, which was the first ever 
brought into the county. They located on their 
land, and her father engaged actively and ener- 
getically in its cultivation, and by laborious toil be- 
came a well-to-do farmer of that township. While a 
resident of Kentucky he followed the occupation of 
a tanner and was the owner of slaves, but his con- 
science taught him that to deal in human flesh was 
wrong. He consequently liberated his slaves and 
came to this county, determined to rear and educate 
his children in a State where the doctrine of slavery 
did not exist. He and his wife continued to reside 
on the original homestead upon which they first lo- 
cated in this county until their deaths, that of the 
mother occurring Dec. 11, 1865, and the father May 
10, 1877. 

Mrs. Owens, wife of the subject of this notice, re- 
mained under parental influence until her marriage, 
her education having been a:quired in the schools 
of Galeiburg, Knox Coun'y, this State. She is a 
lady of more than ordinary intelligence and is re- 
spected and honored in the community in which she 
resides. Mr. and Mrs. Owens are the parents of six 
children, viz. : Maria F., who became the wife of 
H. M. Chamberlain, a resident of Greeley, Col. ; 
Anna B., who resides at home; Eunice, a teacher by 
profession, and who is at present in Atchison Co.. 
Mo. ; Edith, wife of T. B. Rankin, who resides on a 
farm in Atchison Co., Mo.; Maggie B. and Charles 
O. reside at home. 

Since the marriage of Mr. and Mrs. Owens, they 
have, with the exception of two years, 1859-60, 
when Mr. O. was in the " Rockies," made their 
home in Monmouth Township. Mr. Owens is at 
present the proprietor of 260 acres of good farm land 



in that township, which is finely improved. A view 
of his premises is given on page 404. In addition 
to the cultivation of his land, he is to a considerable 
extent engaged in stock-raising of a general charac- 
ter. Religiously, he and his wife are members of the 
Christian Church, located at Monmouth. 

Politically, Mr. Owens is a believer in and a sup- 
porter of the principles of the Republican party. 
He has held the office of Supervisor of his township 
for some years, and has also been the incumbent of 
the office of Road Commissioner. 




illiam Edwards. Many of the most thrifty 
and intelligent agriculturists of this section 
of Illinois, were born and reared upon the 
other side of the Atlantic, and to England 
especially is Warren County indebted for 
some of her most enterprising and prosperous 
citizens. Prominent among the latter class is Wil- 
liam Edwards, who is residing upon his splendid 
farm on section 34, of Hale Township. He is the 
son of William and Mary (Williams) Edwards, and 
was born in England about 1830, where he was reared 
and lived until May, 1849. There were five chil- 
dren in his father's family, of whom the following is 
a record : George, Eliza, Fannie, William and Jane. 
George and Fannie are deceased. Eliza married 
Richard Morgan, and lives in Monmouthshire, Eng- 
land. There were born of this marriage six chil- 
dren, two of whom are deceased. Jane, the youngest, 
is living with her brother, the subject of this sketch. 
The demise of his parents occurred in England. 

As alrjady stated, William Edwards was a young 
man of not 20 years of age when he bid adieu to the 
shores of his native Isle, to seek a new home in 
America. He found a location in Ohio, where he re- 
mained for about two years, when, in August, 1852, 
he came West to the fertile prairies of the Military 
Tract, which were being then opened up by the 
Peoria & Oquawka, the NorthernCross and the Mili- 
tary Tract Railways. He found a desirable location 
in Warren County, where he has since been a resi- 
dent. He is the owner of 240 acres of well improved 
land, on sections 34 and 35, of Hale Township. 









. 



WARRRN COUNTY. 



407 



Upon this he erected a fine set of farm buildings and 
entered vigorously and energetically upon the task 
of its cultivation and improvement, until at present 
it presents the appearance of thrift and energy. A 
view of the residence and farm buildings of the 
homestead, are represented in the pictorial depart- 
ment of this work on page 404. 

Mr. E. generally votes the Republican ticket, and 
with his sister, advocates the doctrines of the Church 
of England. 




r. J. Lee, one of the well-known and suc- 
cessful physicians of Roseville village, 
Warren County, this State, is a native of 
Kentucky, where he was born in the year 
1818, and is a son of Stephen and Elizabeth 
(Mcponald) Lee, natives respectively of East 
Tennessee and Virginia. The Lee family of this 

sketch are of the same family of whom Gen. Robert 
f Lee, the famous General in the late Confederacy was 

a member. They trace their ancestry back to the time 

of Charles II., of England, one of whom married a 
daughter of that monarch. They came to Virginia at 
an early day and their descendants composed many 
men of note and prominence in the history of that 
State, and the father of the Doctor was a full cousin 
of Gen. Robert E. Lee. 

The parents of Dr. Lee came to Illinois in 1827 
and located in Morgan County, where they bought a 
considerable body of land and remained in the State 
of Illinois until their death. At that time no settlers 
had ventured farther north than Morgan County, 
and even in that section there were but a few fami- 
lies. Many of the pioneers, who finally located in 
Northern Illinois, stopped for a year or two in Mor- 
gan County, as a few men, like the elder Lee, had 
moved there at a very early day and had raised 
crops and thus made provisions for the incoming 
pioneer. Stephen Lee had a family of six children, 
as follows: Thomas, Joseph, Nancy, Stephen, Wil- 
liam and John. 

The Doctor is the second son of the family, and 
spent the first 25 years of his life under the protec- 
tion of his parents He attended the customary 



common district schools, where he received a fair 
education, and at the age of 16 years, while engaged 
in farming, he commenced the study of medicine 
with Dr. Charles Chandler, of Cass Co. He also read 
with Dr. Schooley, of the same county. He finally 
became a faithful student of Rush Medical College, 
Chicago. He was in the drug business several years 
at Virginia, 111., and since 1864 has been in active 
prac'ice at Roseville. He is thus one of the oldest 
physicians in the place and has as his associate coun- 
sel, Drs. Webster and Crawford, of Monmouth. 

Politically, the Doctor is identified with the Re- 
publican party and religiously he and his wife are 
members of the Congregational Church. He has been 
quite successful both in his practice and in liis ac- 
cumulations and to-day owns a good farm of 160 
acres near Hancock Station, Pottawatamie Co., Iowa, 
and has a fine residence, with office attached, at 
Roseville. 

His first marriagi was with Miss Sarah Eliza 
Campbell, a daughter of Judge P. W. Campbell of 
Mason County, this State, on April 1 1, 1842, her igth 
birthday. She died Feb. 10, 1845, leaving two sons, 
Stephen W. and Joseph N. Stephen W., was a 
student and graduate of Rush Medical College; 
practiced medicine in Chicago about 14 years ; died " 
Feb. 22, 1880, of an injury received while in the 
army, aged 36 years. He was a soldier in the Sec- 
ond 111. Cav. Joseph N. Lee is farming in Wash- 
ington Territory at present, and has been in the 
territory for the past five years. 

The Doctor was married to Miss Minerva Gord- 
ley, his present wife, in March, 1858. 




Ptiine, 
1788, 
latter 
settler 



ohn Edward Paine is the Supervisor of 
Sumner Township, in the current year 
(1885). He is a member of the agricultu- 
ral class of Warren County, and is located on 
section 27. He was born in Lake Co., Ohio, 
Oct. 2, 1834. He is the son of Charles Henry 
who was born in CayugaCo., N. Y., Feb. 13, 
and was a soldier in the war of 1812. The 
is the son of Gen. Edward Paine, who was a. 
in Ohio when it was still a territory. He 



* 

f 



408 



WARREN COUNTY. 






owned the site of the city of Gainesville, which per- 
petuates his name. He purchased a considerable 
tract of land when he located in what was Lake 
County, after the municipal divisions had been made. 
He improved a farm, on which he lived until his 
death, at the age of 96. He was a Captain in the 
Revolutionary War, under immediate command of 
Gen. Washington. After the war he was commis- 
sioned General of the State Militia in Ohio. His 
son, the father of Mr. Paine, of this account, was 
reared in Lake and married in Portage Co., Ohio. 
Parthenia Mason became his wife May 19, 1817. 
She was born Sept. 7, 1798,^1 Connecticut. She was 
aunt to the wife of the lamented President Garfield, 
consequently Mrs. Garfield and Mr. Paine are first 
cousins. Mr. Garfield and his wife were at Mrs. 
Paine's residence visiting. He arrived there several 
days before the memorable battle of Bull Run. 
Upon receiving the news of the battle, his feelings 
were so worked up he could not continue his visit 
any longer ; so Mr. Paine took him with a team to 
Monmouth, in order to catch the first train to take 
him to Ohio. As soon as he could make the neces- 
sary arrangements, he then enlisted. 

After their marriage, John Edward Paine and his 
wife reu oved to Portage County, in the Buckeye 
State, and located on a timber tract, where the pro- 
prietor improved a farm. After a term of years they 
returned to Lake County, where they continued to 
reside until 1835. They removed in that year to In- 
diana, where they passed a year, in Porter County. 
In 1 836 they came to Warren County. The family 
at the time included five children. The trip hither 
was made by the conveyance commonly used by the 
emigrants of that period and their method of manage- 
ment was also the same, and consisted of domestic ar- 
rangements of about the same character as they were 
accustomed to at home, with the different surround- 
ings of a house and home on wheels and the lack of 
locality, as every morning, noon and night found 
them fn a new place. It should have been stated 
that Mr. Paine had made the selection of his loca- 
tion on a previous visit to the county, and after tak- 
ing possession he resided there until his death. A 
log cabin, belonging to Mr. Rockwell (see sketch), 
stood adjacent, and Mr. Paine rented it for the shel- 
ter of his family through the first winter after their 
arrival. During the winter season, Mr. Paine made 
haste to build his own house, which was of hewn 



logs. It was double, and well adapted to the comfort 
of the household of that period. He made the first im- 
provement on the place in the spring of 1837. After 
getting settled, he gave his undivided attention to the 
work of improvement, and soon put his entire acre- 
age in valuable condition. His life continued until 
Warren County was in a well developed and prosper- 
ous condition. His death transpired April 5, 1859. 
His wife died Jan. 27, 1877. Following is the brief 
history of their children: Emmeline died at the age 
of three years; Amanda lives at Monmouth and is 
the wife of R. A. Gibson; Emily became the wife of 
Nathaniel Brownlee, and is_ his survivor; Lucretia 
married F. H. Merrill, and they live in Fulton Co. ; 
Charles H. is a resident of Washington Territory ; 
the subscriber is the next in order of birth ; Eliza 
Arabella is married to C. M. Rogers, of Hale Town- 
ship. 

Mr. Paine arrived in Warren County on his sec- 
ond birthday. After attending the common schools 
until he had somewhat advanced toward the period 
of his youth, he passed one winter attending school 
at Galesburg. July 26, 1862, he enlisted in Co., B, ; 
83d 111. Vol. Inf., and remained in the military ser- 
vice until the war closed. His command was sta- 
tioned for a long time at Fort Donelson, and while 
there on duty repulsed an attack from a force of ' 
Rebels of greatly surpassing numbers. Mr. Paine 
received an honorable discharge with the regiment in 
June, 1865. He returned to the homestead of his 
parents, which is his property, and on which he has 
since resided. The farm of which he is the owner 
contains 630 acres. It is under excellent improve- 
ments and is exceptional in the manner in which it 
is watered. Two never-failing streams flow through 
it, and it is also well supplied with a growth of natu- 
ral timber. The latter is situated on the banks of 
Cedar Creek. The farm residence is of brick and 
the other buildings are frame structures. 

Ann E. Turnbull became the wife of Mr. Paine 
May 17, 1860. She is the daughter of David and Nan- 
cy (Mitchel) Turnbull. Her birth took place March 
13, 1835, in Warren County. Nine of their children 
are living Olive P., John M., Mary E. (who is the 
wife of Delavan Frantz, a citizen of Monmouth), Wil- 
liam T., Nancy M.,Charle., H., Anna Belle, Freder- 
ick C., Frank M. David, the seventh child, was 
born June 22, 187 1, and died Oct. 14, 1875. Mr. 
Paine is an Elder in the United Presbyterian Church. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



411 



His wife is a member of the same denomination. 
Politically, Mr. Paine is a believer in the principles 
of the Republican party. 




1807, 



acob Baldwin, who, in his 7 8th year, is 
passing the evening of his life in quiet re- 
tirement on his little farm of 83 acres, on 
section 17, Tom pk ins Township, is a native of 
York State, having been born in Fishkill, on 
the Hudson, Dutchess Co., N. Y., Dec. 25, 
and was consequently a Christmas gift to his 
parents, Elisha and Jemima (Ryder) Baldwin, natives 
of that State. 

Jacob Baldwin, the gentleman whose name ap- 
pears at the head of this biographical notice, remain- 
. ed with his parents until three years after he had 
attained his majority, in the meantime attending the 
common schools and assisting his father in the labors 
on the farm. Arriving at the age named, he bid 
adieu to his father and mother, and went forth into 
the cold and unfriendly world to do for himself. He 
purchased land and for five years followed the call- 
ing of a farmer, when he sold this place and pur- 
chased another farm of 200 acres, in Cayuga County, 
his native State, on which he located and for 18 
years was actively and laboriously occupied in its 
cultivation and improvement. He then sold his 
landed interests in York State and in 1858 came to 
this State, and for two years followed his chosen av- 
. ocation, on rented land, in Tompkins Township, this 
county. At the expiration of this time he bought 83 
acres on section 17, where he is living to day, retired 
from the active labors of a vocation he has followed 
more or less all his life. 

On the lotli day of January, 1833, Mr. Baldwin 
was married to the lady of his choice, Miss Abigail 
Brigg. a native of York State and a daughter of Elias 
and Catherine (Campbell) Brigg, natives of Dutchess 
County, N. Y., where her father followed agricul- 
tural pursuits. Of the union of Mr. and Mrs. Bald- 
win, 13 children have been born, whose names are, 
Elias B., Elisha J., Philetus R., Charlotte J., Frances 
J., Oscar, Charles H., Nora A., George W., Hattie 
M. and Elmer R. Daniel P., the sixth child in or- 



der of birth, was a veteran in the late war, and was 
shot on the breast-works at Resaca, from which 
wound he died. Nine of the children named are 
married and Mr. and Mrs. Baldwin have 26 grand- 
children and one great grandchild. 

Mr. Baldwin, in politics, is a Greenbacker. He is 
one of the leading citizens of his township and is re- 
spected for his straightforward, manly dealings with 
his fellow men. His wife has been a consistent 
member of the Baptist Church for 40 years. Sarah 
M. Baldwin, the seventh child in order of birth of 
the children of Mr. and Mrs. B., died at the age of 
one year xnd six months. Of their children, three 
boys were soldiers in the war for the Union and in 
fighting for which, as we have already stated, one 
gave up his life. 




Ibert J. Rockwell, deceased, was the sou 
of one of the earliest pioneers of the town- 
ship of Sumner, and passed the remainder 
of his life, after the removal ot his parents to 
Warren County, in that township. He was 
prominent in his business relations, combining 
the vocations of merchant and farmer, the latter oc- 
cupying the greater portion of his life. 

He was born in Ashtabula Co., Ohio, Jan. 16, 
r823, and the eldest child of his parents, his father 
being the lineal descendant of a Rockwell who came 
to this country in 1630. The subject of this notice 
was nine years of age when he came to Warren 
County. (An account of the lives of the parents is 
presented in connection with the personal narration 
of Mr. A. H. Rockwell, to be found on another page 
of this work.) Our subject was a pupil in the com- 
mon schools of Ohio while his family were there res- 
ident, and when a High School was established in 
Hendersonville, Knox Co., 111., he attended it and 
thus acquired a good and thorough education. His 1 
father was engaged in a multitude of business rela- 
tions, and the son early developed unusual ability as 
a book-keeper and clerk in the store. In 1855 he 
opened a stor^ on his own account at Denny, and 
was extensively engaged in business pursuits until 
1865. Himself and his brother bought the family 





412 



WARREN COUNTY. 



homestead, which they divided not long after their 
purchase. Retiring at this period from mercantile 
Ijfe, he devoted his attention to farming exclusively 
for the remainder of his days. His death occurred 
July 22, 1882. His remains rest in the old Rock- 
well burying ground situated on the homestead re- 
purchased by himself and brother. At the time of 
his death he was the proprietor of a farm of 200 
acres. 

Politically, Mr. Rockwell was a Democrat. He 
was connected by membership with no religious de- 
nomination, but was a regular attendant on the ser- 
vices of the Church to which his wife belonged. 
Always prominent in his interest and connection 
with whatever seemed to promise good to the com- 
munity,, he entered heartily into the prosecution of 
all such enterprises. The deceased took a great 
interest in the projected railroad through Sumner 
Township, and lost heavily in his investment in a 
scheme which unfortunately proved unavailable. 

Mr. Rockwell was married twice. His first wife, 
nee Mary J. Craig, was born in Ohio, and died Jan. 
28, 1848. Their only child died in infancy. He 
was again married to Helen M. Burnett, Feb. 12, 
1856. She was born in Washington Co., N. Y., 
May 23, 1833, and is the daughter of John and 
Lucina (Tefft) Burnett. They were natives of Ver- 
mont and New York respectively. The grandfather 
of Mrs. Rockwell, on the father's side, was a native 
of Scotland, and born about the year 1770. He 
emigrated to this country about 1788, and settled in 
Bennington Co., Vt. When the father of Mrs. 
Rockwell was six years of age, the family moved to 
Washington Co., N. Y. Mrs. Rockwell's grand- 
mother on her mother's side was of English origin. 
Her parents, on coming to this country, settled in 
Connecticut, whence they also afterward emigrated 
to Washington Co., N. Y.. where the mother of Mrs. 
Rockwell was born in 1802. The father of Mrs. 
Rockwell was known among his large circle of ac- 
quaintances as Capt. John Burnett, which title he 
acquired in the early times when " general training- 
day " was an institution. 

Six of the children who constitute the issue of Mr. 
Rockwell's second marriage are living. Fannie F. is 
the wife of John Whitman, who is settled in Page 
Co., Iowa, where he is a school-teacher. The other 
children are John, James, Albert, Archie and Ada 
G,, and reside at home. 



Mrs. Rockwell is a member of the United Presby- 
terian Church. She is a resident on the homestead. 
The many friends of her late husband will be pleased 
to find, on another page, an excellent portrait of the 
deceased. 




'ohn Rogers is one of the farmers of War- 
ren County who, from a small beginning, 
k has made a competency by the application 
of the industry and perseverance which is his 
heritage as a foreigner and one who is born 
into the world with a proclivity to make the 
most of such resources as fall to the common lot of 
mankind. 

He is a resident on section 2, Spring Grove Town- 
ship, and is the owner of a fine farm of 200 acres.. 
He was born June 24, 1825, in the County Roscom- 
mon, Ireland. His mother, Catherine, died when he 
was 17 years of age, and in the succeeding year his 
father, Michael, married again. When he was 18 
years old he went to Yorkshire, England, and was 
there employed as a farm hand until 1850, when he. 
came to America. In November of that year he 
sailed from the port of Liverpool for the United 
States. The vessel was wrecked and was driven to 
the Bermudas. Mr: Rogers finally reached New 
York, after a passage of 13 weeks and three days. 
The severity of the weather and the exposure of the 
passengers on the wreck caused the death of many, 
but his good health and powers of endurance ena- 
bled him to survive all, and he landed in a compara- 
tively uninjured condition. He went to Orange Co., 
New York, where he had an older brother, who was 
the only member of his family, besides himself, who 
came to the United States. He remained there until 
1855, when he came to Keithsburg, 111., where he 
had some friends, and was there employed in aware- 
house for William Gale. He came thence to Warren 
County, in 1858, where he located on the farm on 
which he has continued to reside ever since. He 
had bought 160 acres of land ki Mercer County, and 
paid for it, but, as it subsequently appeared, the 
party had no legal power to sell it, and in conse- 
quence Mr. Rogers lost both his money and land. 



WARREN COUNTY. 



He, therefore, had to start anew again. In 1851 he 
came here, and has been 35 years in the West. Po- 
litically, he has always been a Democrat and has 
steadily voted for that party. He is engaged in 
raising Short-horn stock, and is an accomplished 
leader in that line of cattle. Before he came to 
Spring Grove Township, he had bought 60 acres of 
land, of which 30 acres were, under the plow at the 
time of his purchase. His success has enabled him 
to make further purchases, until he is now the owner 
of a good farm, as mentioned above. He has also 
become the owner of 200 acres, situated seven miles 
west of the place on which he lives, and parts of 
which lie respectively in Warren and in Mercer 
Counties. 

The marriage of Mr. Rogers to Mary Murphy took 
place Dec. 26, 1853. She was born in Ireland. She 
was living in Orange County, New York, at the time 
of her marriage. To them have been born six chil- 
dren. Charles is the leading merchant in Little 
York, Warren County, and is represented by a sketch 
on another page. He married Maggie McNamara, 
and they have two children. William resides in 
Sumner Township, and is a farmer. He married 
Miss Hannah McNamara. John is a partner in the 
store with his brother at Little York. Kate is the 
wife of Bartholomew McNamara, of Sumner Town- 
ship ; they have two children. Mary and Ann are 
the names of the two unmarried children. 




L'ames Simmons, a goodly land owner in 
Jjjj- Greenbush Township, residing upon sec- 
tion 2, was born in Warren County, Ky., 
Aug. 10, 1809. He is a son of William Sim- 
mons, a native of Virginia, who was born in 
1775, and who died in 1865, at the venerable 
age of 90 years. The father was united in marriage 
with Miss Esther Slice, in 1798. She was born in 
1779, in South Carolina, and died in 1855. Their 
union was blessed with the birth of 13 children, who 
were named Peter, Martin, Betsey, James, Charles, 
Sarah, Lucinda, John, Roley, Susan, Herbert, Nancy 
and William. 

James Simmons formed a matrimonial alliance 



with Miss Melinda Jennings, Dec. 9, 1838. She was 
born in 1819, in Indiana, and has borne her husband 
ten children Elizabeth, born in 1842 ; Sarah E.,in 
1844; Samantha J , in 1846; Nancy M., in 1848; 
William E., in 1851, and died May 12, 1884; Eliza 
E., born in 1855 ; Thomas J., in 1857; Ida M., in 
1860; James E., in 1863. Mr. Simmons, of this no- 
tice, when quite young, moved with his parents to 
Howard County, Mo., where, after a residence of one 
year, he removed to Boone County, tliat State. After 
living there about eight years, his father moved, to 
this State, and located near Jacksonville. From that 
point he subsequently moved to Iowa, where he died 
in the year stated. Mr. Simmons is the proprietor 
of 373 acres of land, located on section 2, Greenbush 
Township, and where he resides, passing the sunset 
of his life in the occupation which he has followed so 
many years, but from the active labors of which he is 
retired. 




Caldwell JJind, M. D., physician and sur- 
geon at Monmouth, is of German extrac- 
tion, and was born at Millersburg, Ohio, 
Dec. 16, 1849. His parents were natives of 
n Pennsylvania and were married in Ohio, rear- 
ing five sons and three daughters. Two of the 
sons are physicians, one a jeweler, one a farmer, and 
one is Supreme Recorder of the order of Chosen 
Friends, Indianapolis, Ind. Mrs. Linn, the mother, 
died in 1885, aged 68 years. The senior Mr. Linn 
is a farmer at or near Paint Valley, Ohio. 

E. Caldwell Linn was reared upon a farm, alter- 
nating the seasons at farm labor and attendance at 
the common schools. At the age of 20 years he en- 
tered the National Normal University at Lebanon, 
Ohio; graduated in 1874, read medicine a while with 
Dr. W. S. Battles, of Shreve, Ohio, took a course of 
study and lectures at the Cincinnati (Ohio) College 
of Physicians and Surgeons, and finally, after one of 
the most thorough courses of preparatory sludy, 
graduated in the spring of 1878 from the Keokuk 
College of Physicians and Surgeons, as M. D. 

He commenced practice at Hamilton, 111. .immedi- 
ately after leaving college, and at the end of a yean 
removed to Bowen, the same State, where he re- 



414 



WARREN COUNTY. 



mained two years. From Bowen he returned to 
Hamilton, and was there connected with the River- 
side Infirmary as consulting physician for about a 
year, coming thence to Monmouth, in the autumn of 
1 88 1. Thoroughly conversant with the current liter- 
ature of his profession, experienced in therapeutics, 
conscientious in his pra.cr.ice, Dr. Linn merits and 
enjoys the full confidence of his patroas, who are 
numbered among the intelligent people of Warren Co. 
He is prominently identified with the various medi- 
cal associations, local and general, and without osten- 
tatious parade keeps himself abreast with the best of 
them. 

The Doctor was married at Shreve, Ohio, Oct. 12, 
1881, to Miss IxHiisa Seeberger, the accomplished 
daughter of A. A. Seeberger, Esq., now of Mon- 
mouth. Dr. Linn is the architect of his own fortune. 
The recipient of no gratuity, what he is, he has 
made himself; what he has, he has earned. Dr. 
Linn is a member and Elder of the United Presby- 
terian Church. 




Tohn Kelsey, residing on a good farm 
located on section 9, Swan Township, of 
which he is the owner, was born in War- 
ren Co., 111., Jan. 3, 1840, and is the son of 
James Kelsey, a native of Kentucky, where he 
was born in 1806. The father came to Illi- 
nois in 1834, and first located in Sangamon County. 
He came to this county in 1836, and died here Aug. 
29, 1844. Before coming to Warren County, the 
father of John Kelsey was united in marriage with 
Miss Elizabeth Vandeveer, in 1835. She was born 
in Indiana in 1815, and died in this county, Aug. 29, 
1872. They were the parents of five children 
Mary J , Margaret Ann., John, William H. and 
Samuel, all of whom are living. 

John Kelsey was married, to Miss Harriet Day, 
Oct. 5, 1865, Rev. Whitehead,of the Baptist Church, 
officiating. She was born in Indiana, June 5, i 849, 
and has borne her husband five children, two of 
whom are deceased. The record is as follows : 
Delbert, born Oct. 12, 1866; Emory, Feb. i, 1870, 



and died March 22, 1871; Mary, born March 6, 
1872; Hershell, born Aug. 15, 1874, and died Nov. 
15, 1876, and Nettie, born Jan. 27, 1878. The pa- 
rents of Mrs. Kelsey were William H. H. and Sarah 
(Hamilton) Day. Her father was born in Indiana, 
in 1817, and died one year after coming to this State, 
in 1853. He was married in 1837, and his wife was 
born in Indiana, in 1818, and died in this State, in 
1876. The death of the former was caused by a 
cancer on the breast and he died after an illness of 
about one year. Their children were five in num- 
ber Amanda, Warren, Emily, Harriet and Mary F., 
all of whom are living and well-to-do in life. 

Mr. Kelsey, of this notice, has 140 acres of land 
under an advanced state of cultivation, located on 
sections 9 and 10, Swan Township, where he resides 
and is engaged in agricultural pursuits. In addition 
to the cultivation of his land, he is devoting consid- 
erable of his time and means to the raising of high 
grades of Short-horns, and his horses are from one- 
half to seven-eighths Norman. Mr. Kelsey is a mem- 
ber of the Baptist Church, and extremely liberal in 
his religious opinions, although a firm believer in the 
immortality of the soul. He is a just man, a kind 
father, a generous neighbor, and always willing to 
aid in any enterprise that is calculated to benefit his 
fellow men or the community in which he lives. In 
politics, he is a believer in and supporter of the prin- 
ciples advocated by the Democratic party. 

Mrs. James Kelsey, mother of the subject of this 
notice, remained a widow for three years after the 
death of her husband, when she was again married 
to John Blue, a native of Kentucky. Their union 
proved to be a very unhappy one, on account of his 
intemperate habits which caused some of her chil- 
dren, by her former marriage, to leave home, and the 
society of their mother. John, whose biography we 
write, was one of these unfortunate ones, and at the 
age of nine years went to live with his uncle, Ab- 
salom Vandeveer, with whom he resided until he 
was 20 years of age. By energy and perseverance 
he has succeeded in accumulating a goodly share of 
this world's goods, and is surrounded with a happy 
family of three children. Socially, Mr. Vandeveer is 
a member of the A. F. & A. M., at Youngstown, be- 
longing to Lodge No. 387. He first joined the order 
in 1853, at Greenbush, this county, and has been 
Treasurer of the Lodge for 25 years. For four years 
Mr. Vandeveer was Justice of the Peace, in Swan 








WARREN COUNTY. 



Township, and we deem it no flattery to say that he 
is one of the representative class of agriculturists of 
the county. 



*- 




arker B. Parrish, a successful farmer in 
this county, which occupation he has fol- 
lowed for the major portion of his life, is a 
resident on section 4, Ellison Township. He 
was born near La Fayette, Tippecanoe Co., 
Ind., Jan. 19, 1832. The father of Mr. Par- 
rish of this notice was Henry Parrish, a native of 
Virginia, who moved with his parents to Ross Co., 
Ohio, and there resided until his marriage with Eliza 
Harvey, a native of Maine, who accompanied her 
parents on their emigration to that county a few 
years prior to her marriage. After their marriage 
they resided in Ohio until six children had been 
born to them, when they moved to Indiana, in 1831, 
and located near LaFayette, then but a hamlet. The 
land at that early period was in its natural condition, 
! and the hand of civilization was as yet hardly visible. 
They entered Government land at a time when the 
I Indian Reserve was but seven miles from their resi- 
dence, which was located near the battle ground on 
which Harrison overcame Tecumseh, the afterwards 
famous Tippecanoe Valley. The parents continued 
to reside in that beautiful portion of the State, where 
the father followed the occupation of a farmer, and 
where they were both finally laid to rest. 

The subject of this notice was the first child of his 
parents born in Indiana, and the seventh in order of 
birth of the family. He resided at home and got his 
education in the old log-cabin school-house of the 
day, these being the primitive educational advant- 
ages then afforded the community. His years, prior 
to his majority, were passed on the farm, lending a 
hand in the maintenance of the family, and attend- 
ing school. On becoming his own master, Mr. Par- 
rish worked as a general laborer until his marriage. 
This event took place April 16, 1855, in this county, 
when Miss Annaretta Godfrey became his wife. She 
was born July 4, 1828. After marriage Mr. Parrish 
with his wife returned to Indiana, where they lived 
in happy union for seven years, when she passed to 
the land of the hereafter, the date of her demise be- 



ing May 11, 1862. Three children survived her, 
namely: Gus A., who married Florence Livermore, 
and is residing on a farm in this township; Willard, 
who was united in marriage with Mary Cramer and 
is at present residing at Red Oak, la., near which 
place he" is engaged in stock-raising and farming. 
The third child, Anna, died at the age of seven 
years. 

Mr. Parrish, after the death of his first wife, re- 
turned to this county, where, in Ellison Township, 
on Sept. 7, 1863, he was again married, the lady 
who became his second life-partner being Charlotte 
Godfrey, a sister of his former wife, and the daughter 
of Elijah and Ellen (Davis) Godfrey. Her parents 
were natives of Maryland, prior to whose union the 
parents of both had removed to Ross Co., Ohio, 
where Mr. and Mrs. Godfrey first met each other 
and where they were married. The parents of Mrs. 
Godfrey removed to Indiana, and afterwards came 
to this county and located in Ellison Township, 
where her father died, her mother having preceded 
him to the spirit-land during their stay in Tippe- 
canoe Co., Ind. Mrs. Parrish was born in that 
county, Sept. 30, 1837. She was the seventh in or- 
der of birth of a family of ten children, which con- 
sisted of eight daughters and two sons, and resided 
at home, receiving her education in the district 
schools and assisting her mother in the household 
duties, until her marriage with Mr. Parrish. They 
"have become the parents of eight children, three of 
whom are deceased. Those living are Charles E. 
John O., Ida, Nora B. and Effie E., and the de- 
ceased are Frank, Lucilla and Harry. 

In 1863, Mr. Parrish purchased 80 acres of land 
where he is at present residing. Locating on this 
land, he at once set to work with characteristic en- 
ergy to establish a home for himself and family, 
which would __ afford , a comfortable shelter in the de- 
clining years of their life. By energy and economy, 
hard work and the exercise of a naturally sound 
judgment, he was, in 1875, enabled to purchase an 
additional 160 acres, located on section 3, same 
township, and a few years afterward added thereto 
40 acres of farm land and 28 acres of timber. Mr. 
Parrish has thus increased his landed interests in 
this county until he is at present the owner of 
308 acres of land, all of which, with the exception of 
timber, is tillable. 

lu politics, Mr. P. votes with, the Democratic 



4t8 



WARREN COUNTY. 



party. As an aid in spiritual guidance, he and his 
wife early united with the Methodist Episcopal 
Church. 

In addition to strictly agricultural pursuits, Mr. 
P. is somewhat extensively engaged in the breeding 
and raising of stock. He was the second man in 
this county to recognize the value of the improve- 
ment of Short-horn stock, and began breeding in 
1871. The first Short-horn heifer purchased by 
him is yet on his farm, and weighs r,8oo pounds. 
He is also the proud owner of two full-blood Clydes- 
dale horses, and part owner of three others. Thus 
successful has he proved himself as a propagator of 
improved stock. 

In connection with this sketch of the career of a 
representative agriculturist, we present an excellent 
view of his homestead, on page 416. 




acob Hayden, who is passing the sunset 
of his life on his farm, on sections 12 and 
13, Tompkins Township, where he follows 
his chosen vocation, that of an agriculturist, 
was born in Ohio, in 1820. The parents of 
Mr. Hayden, John and Nancy (Ellis) Hayden,- 
were natives of Maryland and Virginia respectively. 
They moved from the latter State to Ohio in 1816, 
where the father purchased 160 acres of land, on 
which he resided with his family, engaged in its cul- 
tivation until his death. The gentleman whose name 
appears at the head of this biographical notice, lived 
with his parents until he was 22 years old, receiving 
at their hands a good common-school education. At 
that age in life his savings enabled him to purchase 
40 acres of laad, and after living thereon until 1849, 
he came to this State and for two years farmed on 
rented land in this county. In 1850 he purchased 
80 acres of land in Ellison Township, and there re- 
sided for 15 years, until 1865. During that year he 
moved to Tompkins Township, and there purchased 
95 acres, on which he moved and has resided for 20 
years, following the vocation of an agriculturist. 

Miss Mary A. King, an accomplished young lady, 
native of the Buckeye State, Jan. 27, 1846, became 
the wife of the subject of this notice, and has borne 



children, namely : Sarah F., George, Charles and 
Carrie M. In politics, Mr. Hayden casts his vote 
with the Republican party, and he and his wife are 
consistent, active workers in the cause of religion, 
belonging to the Christian Church. 




W. Armstrong, a practicing physician, re- 
siding at Kirkwood, this county, was born 
in Knox County, East Tennessee, Jan. 22, 
1807. The parents of Mr. Armstrong, John 
and Nancy (Wier) Armstrong, were natives of 
1 Tennessee. They moved from that State to 
Indiana in 1826, where the father followed survey- 
ing and where he purchased a quantity of land, on 
which he lived until his death, Oct. 23, 1851, his wife 
having preceded him to the land beyond the river, 
July 5, 1818. 

A. W. Armstrong, a sketch of whose life we give 
in this biography, remained with his parents until 
one year after attaining his majority. At the age 
named, 22, he took a course of study in the Tennes- 
see Literary College, at which he matriculated and 
followed the entire curriculum of that institution, oc- 
cupying six years of hi-; lime. He then taught 
school for two years in the Male Seminary, at Knox- 
ville, Tenn., and also taught Latin in the college 
from which he graduated for one year. In 1833 
Dr. Armstrong commenced the study of medicine 
with Dr. Mclntosh, a graduate of Edinburgh Col- 
lege, Scotland, with whom he remained two years. 
He then attended a course of lectures at Drake's 
College, Cincinnati, and subsequently took a course 
of study at the Rush Medical College, Chicago, 
where he graduated, in 1849. He at once entered 
upon the practice of his profession and actively con- 
tinued the same until r873. During that year he 
took a trip to California, where he remained one year, 
then returned, resumed his practice and continued 
the same until 1879. At this date he took another 
rest from active labor and spent a year in Arkansas, 
when he returned and has since continued his prac- 
tice. In 1844 Dr. Armstrong went to Crawfordsville, 
Ind., where he lived for 12 years. He came to this 
county in 1858 and settled at Kirkwood, and from 
that time until the present, with the exception stated, 



- 



WARREN COUNTY. 



419 



has actively followed the practice of his profession 
there. He is a gentleman whose reputation in the 
community is such that it requires at our hands no 
encomiums, and his success in his profession places 
him among the most prominent men in the county. 

Dr. Armstrong wooed and won Miss Mary West- 
fall, a native of Ohio, and they were married in 
1847. Their union has been blessed with the birth 
of three children William D., Sarah L. and Mattie. 
In politics, the Doctor votes with the Democratic 
party, and, with his wife, belongs to the Presbyterian 
Church. Dr. Armstrong is the oldest physician of 
Kirkwood.and although in his 7 8th year, is enjoying 
good health. William D. Armstrong married Miss 
Annie Cargill, a native of Warren County, this State. 
This union has been blessed with seven children, 
viz.: Alfred C, Clarence, Mary, Edith, Mabel, Wil- 
liam and an infant, at this writing not named. 

Sarah L. married Samuel Allen, a prominent bus- 
iness man of Kirkwood ; to them have been born 
four children, viz.: Kemper, Wilma, Pearl and Nina. 
Kemper is now deceased. Mattie is living with her 
parents and is a teacher in the public school. 




ohn T. McWilliams, engaged in general 
''- farming on section i, Ellison Township, 
was born in Jefferson County, Ohio, Dec. 
20, 1826. His father, Alexander McWilliams, 
of Irish descent, was a native of Pennsjlvania 
and a farmer by occupation. He married Miss 
Jane Boyle, in his native State. She was also a na- 
tive of that State and of Scotch ancestry and descent. 
John T., the gentleman whose name stands at the 
head of this notice, was about 17 years of age when, 
in 1844, his parents came to this State, locating in 
Ellison Township, where two years afterward, in 1846, 
the father died, aged 49 years. His mother died at 
the residence of her daughter, Mrs. Almira Yoho, in 
Ellison Township, in 1883, aged 81 years. John T. 
was the fourth in order of birth of a family of twelve 
children, only four of whom are living, two in Illinois 
and two in Iowa, Mr. McWilliams being the oldest of 
the children living. He received a limited educa- 



tion in the district schools and assisted in the labors 
of the farm, developing into manhood. 

The marriage of Mr. McWilliams took place Aug. 
3) t^SS- i" tne State of Missouri, at which time 
Miss Naitcy Sackett, a highly educated, Christian 
lady, became hrs wife. She was "born in 1839, in St. 
Clair County, this State, and died at her home in 
Ellison Township, Dec. 5, 1867. By their union five 
children were born Charles H., a conductor on the 
Northern Pacific Railroad, and who formerly followed 
the same vocation on the Union Pacific Road ; 
Frank resides in Cheyenne County, Kansas ; Marion 
is living at Marshalhown, Iowa, where he is engaged 
in teaching; Mannda B. became the wife of M. J. 
Ralston, who lives at Creighton, Neb., where he is 
following 1 he occupation of a farmer ; and Amy is 
living at home. Afier the death of his first wife, Mr. 
McWilliams was again married, March 14, 1869, 
the Christian lady chosen for his wife being Mrs. 
Mary Crosier, nee Loftus. Her parents were natives 
of Kentucky. Of her former union with Mr. Crosier,-, 
two children were born, and of her latter union with 
Mr. McWilliams, three children have been born,one-j 
of whom is deceased. The living are A. J. and- 
Archie, who reside at home. Mrs. McWilliams de- 
parted this life Aug. 3, 1879, at her home in Ellison 
Township. 

Mr. McWilliams made his first purchase of land 
in this county in 1869, the same consisting of 80 
acres. He at present has 60 acres under an ad- 
vanced state of cultivation. He and his wife are 
members of the Methodist Protestant Church. Mr. 
McWilliams enlisted in the Mexican War in an in- 
dependent company of Illinois Cavalry, and was in 
active service as a scout, but was in no general en- 
gagement. He was discharged at the close of the 
w.ir, in August, 1848. He also enlisted in the war 
for the Union, joining Co. C, 83d 111. Vol. Inf., and 
was assigned to the Army of the Cumberland, where 
his re'giment was under the command of General 
Thomas. He belonged to a mounted company and 
participated in no general engagement, but in nu- 
merous skirmishes. He was finally transferred from 
the 83d to the 6ist Regiment, and received an hon- 
orable discharge in 1865. In the cyclone that swept 
away the village of Ellison, May 30, 1858, Mr. Mc- 
Williams lost two sisters, Mary A. and Harriet, both 
young ladies, and both killed by the tornado at that 



42O 



WARREN COUNTY. 



1, 



&-* 



time. In politics, Mr. McWilliams is a believer in 
and a supporter of the principles of the Republican 
parly. 




Charles S. Fletcher, a farmer on section 17, 
Tompkins Township, Warren County, 
was born in Ferrisburgh, Addison Co., 
Vt., June 9, 1825. His parents were Samuel 
and Ida (Cousins) Fletcher, natives of Eng- 
land and Vermont respectively. Samuel 
Fletcher was a signal officer at the battle on Lake 
Champlain under Commodore McDonough, and re- 
ceived $[,ooo as prize money. He was Captain of 
the Ethan Allen, a vessel on Lake Champlain, and 
during a heavy storm in 1832 he was swept over- 
board and drowned. His wife's death occurred in 
1829. 

Charles S. Fletcher (the subject of this article), 
who, previous to his father's death, had been placed 
in the care of Samuel Spafford, came to Ohio with 
him in 1832. He continued a member of that gen- 
tleman's family until he was 14 years of age. He 
remained in the Buckeye State until he attained his 
2oth year, when he embarked in the show business, 
and for 15 years traveled with a menagerie and cir- 
cus, during which period he was with a company ex- 
hibiting through the West Indies and South America, 
in which countries he also made a large collection of 
birds, reptiles and other curiosities. At the age of 
35 years, Mr. Fletcher came to Ellison Township, 
Warren County, where he had previously purchased 
1 60 acres of land, and there remained, cultivating 
and improving the same for a period of two years, 
and then sold and purchased another tract of 160 
acres, in the same township, being a resident of it 
for about the same length of time as he was the 
other. His next move was to his present location, 
where he has landed possessions to the number of 90 
acres on section 17 and 5 acres on section 6, this 
township, and 640 acres in Nebraska. In 1876 Mr. 
F. erected a residence, which cost him in the neigh- 
borhood of $11,000, which he sold soon after com- 
pleting. His home farm presents the appearance of 
thrift and energy, and is in an advanced state of cul- 



tivation. He carries on a general farming, and is 
one of the substantial men of Warren County. 

Mr. Fletcher and Miss Sarah E. Wilson, a native 
of Connecticut, were united in the holy bonds of 
matrimony Oct. 28, 1860. Her parents were Clark 
S. and Elizabeth A. (Peck) Wilson, both natives of 
the State of Connecticut. They came West in the 
fall of 1861, and are now residing with Mr. and Mrs. 
Fletcher. They have become the parents of a fam- 
ily of eight children, all surviving, except one, as 
follows: Samuel C., born July 20, 1862; Si