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Portsmouth . . . 

Historic and Picturesque 

A Volume of Information 

D KING a very complete and accurate compendium of 
over two hundred historic places and tilings, from 
the earliest settlement, in l()-23. Illustrated with nearl)' 
four hundred half-tone engravings from photographs 
especially made for this work; with old maps, drawings, 
etc. Over one hundred pages of history ; more than 
one hundred pages of engravings ..... 

C. S. GURNEY, Portsmouth, New Hampshire 


Copyright 1902 by 








N placing this pul)lication 1)ef()rc tlie i)0()ple wc offer no aijoloury, (lie work nuist speak for itself, 
leaving the puhlic to he the indgc of it.s merits or demerits. We have made no attempt at 
^S^l^W lengthy delail. l)ut merely to jiresent tiie faels as we Hnd them in plain Knglish, and in the most 
^M-^ condensed form possil)lc with comprehension. That which is stated, to our best knowledge and 
belief, is correct, for we have spared no reasonable pains in ferreting out disputed questions, or 
previous dcnibtful statements. We presume there will l)e found mistakes, but we feel it reason- 
able to believe there should be less errctrs of fact appear tiian in incvious jjublications l)earino- upon these 
subjects, for very many such have l)een corrected, and we trust that less new ones have been added. 

Our main sources of information have been from " Early Planting of New Hampshire," by John S. 
Jenness : "Annals of Portsmouth," by Nathaniel Adams; " Rambles Al)out Portsmouth," l)y Charles ^V . 
Brewster: "Portsmouth (iuide Pook," by INIiss Sarah K.Foster; old records and documents, and from 
many old people much valuable infoi-mation ha* been gleaned. Jn fact we have consulted such books, jjain- 
phlcts and documents within our knowledge, as would aid or add to the general information desired. 

A\'e acknowledge our obligations to Mr. Robert K. Rich, Lil)rarian of the Public Library, for valued 
material on the "Early History"; to Mr. Charles A. lla/.lett, for contributions l)earing on old residents, 
places, incidents and things; to Colonel James R. Stanwood, for valued services; also to Mr. Israel P. ]\Iiller, 
Mr. and Mrs. Sanuiel Dodge and to jNIr. Samuel P. Treadwcll for many favors and points of interest, 
and to many old people and others who have aided in furthering the work herein represented. The half-tone 
engravings are nearly all made from j)hotographs designed esjiecially for this work. 

If there are found in this publication statements which appear incorrect, and the claim can be substan- 
tiated, any information Ijearing on such will be thankfully received, and the correction embodied in the 
succeeding edition, if one is found necessary. C. S. G. 

Portsmouth, N. II., September, 1W2. 



Alabama-Keaisarge 214 

Assembly House 46 

Atlieiijt'um 27 

Atkinson House 110 

Bailey House 110 

Bath House 40 

Bell Tavern 20 

Brackett House 125 

Boardman House 133 

Boston it Maine Station 47 

Boyd-Raynes House 49 

Brewster House 66 

Buckminster House....' 70 

Cameneum 44 

Canoe Bridge 113 

Cotton 95 

Green Street 35 

Harmony Grove 90 

Nortli 49 

rieasant Street 87 

I'oint of Graves 100 

Proprietors 95 

Sagamore 90 

St. Jolm's 119 


Episcopal 122 

I>ord 44 

Nortli Cliurcli 129 

Unitarian 115 

Chase House ill 

Churches — 

Baptist, Middle Street.. . . 148 

Free Will Baptist 148 

Clirist 148 

Christian 147 

Metliodist 148 

Mill-Dam 130 

North 138 


Pleasant Street 149 

South 140 142 

St. John's 142 

Second Advent 149 

Univer.salist 145 

Roman Catholic 149 

Congress Block 26 

Cottage Hospital 93 

Court House (New) 123 

Court House (Old) 125 

Court Street 108 

Cushman 113 

Custom House (Old! 121 

Custom House (New) 70 

CuttFarm, Ursula 54 

Cutter House 71 

Cutts House, Capt. Samuel.. 32 
Cutts House, Edward 64-128 

Davenport House 126 

Dean Building 23 

Deer Tavern 36 

Dennett House 53 

Drown-Moses House 41 

Earl ofHalifax Tavern (Old). .110 

Early History 5-11 

E.\ change Block 201 

Farmers' Hotel 76 

Fay Block 27 

Fernald House 101 

Francis House 135 

Fitch House 38 

Fowle Printing Ottice 87 

Fowle Printing I'ress 88 

Franklin Block 25-208 

Fountain Head 58 

Freeman Block 23 

Frenchman's Lane R9 


Gardner House, Samuel 93 

Gardner House, Major 101 

Glebe Building 74 

Glebe Lands 149 

Goodwin Park 64 

Goodwin 64 

Great House 108 

Hackett House 73 

Haliburton House 04 

Ham House, Asa 59 

Ham House, Waterhouse 51 

Halt House, Richard 38 

Hart House, William 122 

Haven House, Dr 40 

Haven House, Joseph 82 

Haven House, Dr. Samuel.. . 85 

Haven House, Thomas 134 

Haven Block 201 

Haymarket Square 133 

High School Site 120 

Hill House.. 44 

Hutchings House ill 

Jackson House 53 

Jackson House, Dr. Hall 115 

Jaffrey House 120 

Jail, Islington Street 06 

Jefferson Market 21 

Jenness House, Peter 38 

Jenness House, Richard 76 

Johnson House, Wentwortli.. 43 

Jones Farm 54 

Kearsarge Mills 68 

Kearsarge House 73 

Kearsarge-Alabama Celebra- 
tion 214 

Kennard House 70 

Lai gh ton House 115 

Laugdon House, Gov 79 


Langdon House, Rev. Samuel 78 

Langdon Park 93 

Larkin House 134 

Lear House lOl 

Leavitt House 71 

Liberty Bridge 106 

Lincoln Hill 135 

Li vius House 40 

Lord House 129 

Mackliu Lot 23 

Manning House 103 

Marcy Street 99 

Martine House 169 

Market Street 29 

Mason House, John Tufton., 44 
Ma.son House, State Street... 131 

McClintock House.. 126 

Map of Portsmouth, 1813 2 

Map of Portsmouth Guide. .. 3 

Me,serve- Webster House 41 

Mitchell House 93 

Moffat House 32 

National Hotel 23 

National Mechanics & Trad- 
ers Bank Building 30-176 

Navy Yard 156 

New Hampshire Union Bank 74 

North Ferry 36 

North Mills and Bridge 51 

Odiorne's Point 11 

Oracle House 131 

Pannaway or Odiorne's Point 

Parade or Market Square... 17 

Parker House 34 

Parry House 82 

Parsonage (Old) 78 

Peirce Block 27 


I'eirce House, Col 73 

Peirce Mansion 131 

renhallow House, Dea. Sam- 
uel 78-111 

Pickering, Capt. Tliomas.. .. 09 

I'iscataqua River 1G2 

Pitt Tavern lOS 

Pleasant Street 73 

Porter House S5 

Portsmouth in 1850 4 

Portsmouth in 1031 8 

Portsnioutli Bridge 30 

I'ortsniouth City Farm 5ii 

Portsmouth Hosiery Go. Bldg 68 

Portsmouth Plains 59 

Portsmouth Public Library.. 70 
Portsmouth Savings and First 

Nat'l Bank Building 21-204 

Portsmouth Steain Factory.. C.S 

Post Oltice 7C 

I'ound Okli 130 

Powder House 59 


Raynes House. Boyd 49 

Reinick House 08 

Rice House 40 

Richards Avenue 134 

Rockingham lOld) 129 

Rockingham Bank 74 

Rogers House 22 

Rope Walks 47 91 

Sagamore Creek 108 

Salter House, Capt. Titus.... 91 

Salter House, Capt. John 113 

Schools, Public 151 

Cabot Street 155 

Farragut 154 

Franklin 155 

Haven 91-154 

High 120-153 

Old Brick 123 

.Suburban 150 

Whipple 165 

Sewall 103 


Sheaf e House 34 

Sherburne House, Henry 2d.. 40, Samuel... 57 

Sherburne, Henry 110 

Sherburne House, Judge 117 

Shillaber House. CO 

South Mill Bridge 89 

Spanish Prisoners ISO 

Spence 120 

Spring Market 30 

.State Arsenal 91 

State House, Old Colonial... 17 

State Street 116-131 

States and I'nion Office 121 

Stone Store 35 

Stoodley's Tavern 120 

Sunday School Building 
(First) 87 

Tanneries 47 

Temple 25 

Tibbetts House 80 

Treat JIarble Works 41 


I'liderwood John 40 

I'nderwood House, Court St.. 110 

Vaughan House, Gov 35 

Veteran Group 175, Secretary... 62 

Warner House 119 

Waterliouse-Ham House 51 

Webster Houses 38-70 

Weeks House 62 

Wendell House 80 

Weutworth Houses— 

Hunking 22 

MarkH 80 

Gov. John 88 

Gov. Beniiing 97 

First 103 

Wentworth-Johnson 43 

Whipple House, Col 128 

Whilcomb House 12C 

Woodbury Mansion 57 





PKEVIOUS to the reign of His ^Majesty, King 
James tiie First of England, until the 
spring-time, in the year 1623, the great 
ocean bordering our coast rolled unvexed to 
the shore, barren of sail or oar. Along the rugged, 
irregular coast line stood no settler's rude hut, nor 
did the hum of traffic gladden the vision of the 
exile, voyaging from over seas. The surging rote 
of the Atlantic, pierced by the strident scream of 
the sea-fowl, echoed alone to the howl of the wolf 
and the dread war-whoop of the Indian, lurking in 
the primeval forest. 

Glancing westward, the eye descried the sky 
line of far-reaching woodland, encircling in its 
sweep neither field nor clearing, save on some narrow 
oasis planted by the Indian, where the rows of maize 
lifted their leaves exultantly toward the sun, partly 
screening in the woody depths the leafy wigwam of 
the savage. The silent estuaries, M'inding inland 
their sinuous course in the shadow of the immemo- 
rial oaks and ancient pines, recked naught of the 
presence of man. They saw liut the simple child of 
the forest, following the wild trail of the wilderness, 
and anon watching with wondering eyes the un- 
wonted sight of an approaching sail, l)earing the 
good ship Jonathan, an English l)ark, high-pooped, 
and with an antique prow, hailing from Plymouth, 
in English Devon, and holding straight on her 
course to the mainland. A strange argosy, indeed I 
and to the startled gaze of the red man a sign j)or- 
tentous in its presage, mysterious as a fleeting vision 
of the air freighted with spoil of celestial cities, a 
wondrous revelation vouchsafed to mortal view. 

The shallop Jonatiian, from the jiort of Ply- 
mouth, lu'ings our pioneer, the hardy Scotchman, 
David Thomson, and ten adventurous spirits, of 
whom the names of nine have not come down to us. 
We may fancy their profound thankfulness at the 
approaching end of so long and eventful a voyage, 
confined to their little craft of l)etween sevenfj^ and 
eighty tons l)urden, upon beholding the vernal 
shores and wide-si)reading forests of this untrodden 

A change, indeed, all the more marvelous, after 
breasting the wild and boisterous waves of relentless 
ocean, to arrive at last upon a virgin coast, so 
impressive in its wild and picturesque beauty ! Of 
their hardships we know naught, nor have we evi- 
dence of the delight which must have been theirs, 
as the sylvan prospect of the fair shore to which 
they sailed fell upon their astonished eyes. There 
rose the view of this primeval strand, never before 
pressed l)y the foot of the white man, where, it maj^ 
be said, as Shillaber has written : 

" Rose gentle isles witti verdure clad 
That seemed fair satellites of the majestic main, 
Resting like emerald bubbles on the sea, 
And all was wonderful, and new and grand." 

Early writers have made it apjiear that David 
Thomson came as the agent of Captain John Mason, 
l)ut the late John Scribner Jenness, in his "First 
Planting of New Hampshire," and John X. ]McClin- 
tock, the author of a very comprehensive history of 
New Hampshire, have clearly shown that Thomson's 
sponsors and pai'tners were three merchants of 
Plymouth, in Devonshire, to wit, Abraham Colmer, 

Nicli()l;is Sherwt-'ll and Leonard PoiiimcM'ie. It is 
true that Captain JMason had olrtaincd a patent of 
land in l(i22, cnilnacing all territoiy between the 
Merrimack and Keniiebeck Rivers, -but nothing 
came of it as to settlement until 1629 or 1(5;^0. 
David Thomson had been granted a tract of six 
thousand acres, including an island — later known as 
Thompson's Island, in Boston Harbor — the latter 
almost as indctinite a description as that which Don 
(Quixote promised Sancho, when he became anxious 
al)out his salary. And now, thanks to Mr. Jenness, 
it is shown beyond a doubt that this Scotchman 
with his ten companions were the tirst to settle at 
Little IIarl)or, so-called, on the ridge of land now 
known as Odiorne's Point. Thomson Ijrought his 
wife with him, and their son John was the tirst 
child born in the Colony of New Hampshire. This 
plantation received the Indian name of Pannaway. 
Here Thomson built a comfortable house of rubble 
stone, which, however, at the time was not known 
as Mason Hall ; Init it was referred to by the colo- 
nists as the Stone House until Captain Walter Neale 
came into authority, when it was called by him the 
Pascata(|ua House; and it was not until ](i30, when 
Caj)tain flohn ]\Iason came, that it tinally received 
the designation of Mason Hall. These adventurers 
of Pannaway came not to escape religious persecu- 
tion ; they came to tish in the sea, to trade with the 
Indians for peltries, and after staying little more 
than four years, Thomson, their leader, being visited 
by Captain Myles Standish, of the Plymouth Colony, 
left Pannaway wifli him, and subsequently settled 
on his own island in Boston Harbor, whence, as far 

as known, he never returned. As Mr. .(enness well 
says: "It was then that the doughty soldier of 
fortune, C'aptain Walter Neale, the Governor for 
that comjiany and the worthy compeer of Mjles 
Standish himself, took possession of Pannaway as his 
'chiefe habitacon,' and thus preserved the nucleus 
of the future State of New Hampshire." John 
Albee, in his history of Newcastle, has this to .say 
of Xeale : " He was a true soldier of fortune, 
always ready for an expedition or campaign ; always 
seeking that kind of employment from the English 
Court or any transient patron among the gentry ; 
always begging for something, and not averse to 
recounting his own services, merits or demerits. 
He describes himself, when seeking an appointment 
in these parts, as never ha\ing had any other jiro- 
fession but his sword, nor other fortunes than war; 
and he adds pathetically that his debts are clamor- 
ous and his wants insupportable." 

When not otherwise engaged he acted as cap- 
tain and drill-master of the London train-bands. 
He was a free lance among the last of the Knights- 
errant and of the Kouiid Table. Such was the 
Governor of New Hampshire and of all the lands east- 
ward of Massachusetts Bay. He has nothing in 
connnon with the solenni and pragmatical Winthrops 
and Endicotts, and instead of settling down at INIason 
Ilall to found a church, or raise corn (or codfish), 
he went in search of the fabled Itmd of Laconia, in 
expectation of finding precious stones or mines of 
gold. For three years he explored the woods, 
]ilanned fortifications, drilled the settlers in arms 
and chased pirates. He is a typical character of the 

sill n (• hull ily ns Halci^li, Sinilli and Standish : iiicn 
wild (lisfovn-od new countries, founded eolonies, 
uiiilinii' the real and the romantic as never before ; 
and went tradin<>: and explorinji- round the world, 
writinji' love soniis and marvelous narrati\es, all 
as if it were the pastime of the moment, and every 
day would bring a noble chance. AVhen, in l(i30, 
the Pannaway Colony had given up their venture, 
and their shares passed into the hands of Mason, 
Xeule still controlled affairs within the limits of the 
Pascataway Settlement. lie made a long journey 
to the White Mountains, in command of an exjilor- 
ing party, and probal»ly then journeyed thence to 
Mason and Gorges" land of Laconia, at or near what 
is now known as Lake Chamjilain, and, not long 
after his return to Pannaway. unaccounlalily disap- 
[lears as a factor in our iiistory. 

About this timeC'aptain John Mason sent to 
tlie Pascata(|ua Plantation titty men and twenty-two 
women, with a large nunilier of cattle, from Den- 
mark. There were eight Danes who [lut up a saw- 
mill near Dover. Under the management of Walter 
Xeale, and associated with him were Ambrose 
(iibbins, (xeorge Vaughan, Thomas AA'arnerton, 
Humphrey C'hadbournc and Edward Godfrey, as 
su])erintendents of trade, fishing, saltmakiiig, liuild- 
ing and husbandry. Xeale lived at Pannaway with 
(iodfrey, who had charge of the tishing ; Ghad- 
bourne built a Great House at Strawberry Bank, 
which was sometimes called ]\Iason Hall, and in 
which the thrifty AVarnerton resided : Aml)rose 
(iib))ins took charge of the saw-mill u]) ri\er, and 
lived in the fortified house at X'ewicliewannock, 

where he also traded with the Indians, that place 
being a favorite resort of the Penacook tribe, 
because of the al)undaiiec of fish to be had at the 
falls. The settlements at Pascataway grew very 
slowly, and in 1(');')1 not many liuildings were erected, 
though it was in this year that Humphrey Gliad- 
bourne built the Great House, about three miles up 
the river from Pannaway, the rtrst or second build- 
ing put up in the settlement projier. 

Caiitain Mason had expended upon the settle- 
ment three thousand pounds, and upon Xovember 3, 
ll!2o, the (ireat Council at Plymouth made a grant 
to Captain .lohn Mason and Ferdinando Gorges, 
with John Cotton, Henry Gardner, George Griffith, 
Edwin Gay, Thomas Warnerton, Thomas Eyre 
and Eleazar Eyre, to promote the settlement of that 
})art of the jilantation on which the Imildings and 
salt works were placed, "situate on lioth sides of 
the river and harbor to the extent of five miles 
westward to the seacoast, and crossing thence to 
Dover Point."' These were the original limits of 
Portsmouth, while within them were included a part 
of X'ewington and the whole of Greenland, Eye and 

Captain Mason never saw his ])lantation here. 
It is said that he once sailed in this direction, after 
coming from Port Royal. He died in XovemI)er, 
l(i35, leaving his title to lands in Xew England to 
be a source of bitter litigation for several genera- 
tions. He be(iueathed to his grandson, Kobert 
Tufton, — then an infant, to whose name was added 
that of Mason, — his manor of ^lason Hall, and to 
his gr;indson, John Tufton (Mason), the remainder 

bird's-eye VIKW OF POKTSMOl'TH IN 163I. 

of his estate in New IIam})shiro. In l(j3il INIrs. 
Anne Mason, who was executrix of the Captain, 
found that tiie income from the j)hvntation would 
not justify the expense incurred. She neglected to 
furnish supplies, and therefore her agents and stew- 
ards made her no more remittances, hut proceeded 
to divide the goods and cattle among themselves. 
Many of the jjeojile left the plantations, and those 
who remained kept possession of the buildings and 
land and claimed them as their own. Thomas 
Warnerton, who had lived at the Great House, now 
gathered all the goods he could get and shipped 
them to Port Royal, where he sold them to the 
French, and was there slain by the inhabitants. 
Thomas Norton drove one hundred head of cattle to 
Boston and sold them at twenty pounds sterling per 

These men then proceeded to establish a gov- 
ernment, and, as none then existed, entered into a 
social contract to effect its organization, electing 
Francis Williams, Governor, with Ambrose Gib- 
bins as assistant. AVilliams then continued as 
Governor of the Pascataway Plantations, or of the 
Province of New Ilamjishire, until liittl, or until 
the union with ^Massachusetts. 

Sampson Lane, who had Ijeen one of Mason's 
stewards, succeeded Warnerton at the Great House. 
There were attached to this estate about one thou- 
sand acres of land, consisting of marsh, meadow, 
planting and pasture, all largely under improve- 
ment ; this comprised a large portion of what is now 
the city of Portsmouth, and what was then known 
as Strawlierr}' Bank, or simply, "the Bank." The 

Great House was situated upon the corner of Court 
and ^Vatcr Streets, and was the tirst house of im- 
portance l)uilt in the settlement. The field which 
extended from this point over Church Hill and as 
far as "the Spring," is said to be the one which 
gave this old town its name. Sampson Lane occu- 
pied the Great House for aljout two years ; he then 
returned to England, and was succeeded by Richard 
Cutt, until the death of the latter, in l(37li, when his 
brother, Robert Cutt, lived here until he moved to 
Kittery, while the house remained in the Cutt 
fannly until IGS.T, when it fell into decay. 

Now from here let us revert to the true 
company of Laconia. i^gain we learn from Mr. 
.lenness' researches that the design of the Laconia 
ad\'enturers was to seize upon and engross to their 
own ]n-oHt the rich ]ieltry trafhc of that great region, 
then in the hands of the French and the Dutch. 

It was believed, in the absence of accurate 
knowledge of the interior country, that Lake Cham- 
plain (then called the Iroquois) could be reached 
from the New England coast by a journey of about 
ninety miles, and that only a narrow portage sepa- 
rated it from the head waters of the Pascataqua 
River. Under this delusion, the Laconians hired 
the buildings which had been erected seven years 
Ijefore by David Thomson at Pannaway and estab- 
lished there, under command of Captain AValter 
Xeale. a factory or entrepot as a basis for their 
an)l)itious designs upon the New York lakes. The 
company of liaconia was in actual possession of 
Pannaway, at Little Har])or, when Edward Hilton 
and his company sailed up the river to establish 

their j)lantati(in at Hilton's Point, eight miles ahovc, 
and before Hilton's title was protected l)v lirerij of 
sflzlii, 8tra\vl)erry Bank had lieuiin to l)e settled: 
no less than .sixty men were employed in the com- 
pany's business on the Pascata(|ua. 

There came to the Pascata()na from ]\lassa- 
chusetts. in Ki^l, one Ca])tain Thomas Wiggin, a 
stern Puritan, and a confidential friend of Gov- 
ernor John Winthro|i of the Massachusetts Colony. 
Before long a dispute arose between Wiggin and 
Captain Walter Xcale over the (|uostion of jurisdic- 
tion, and the former was forbidden to come on 
"a certain point of land that lieth in the midway 
between Dover and Kxetcr." It was the intention 
of Ca})tain Wigiiin to have defended his right by 
the sword : but it apjieared that both litigants had 
so much wit in their anger as to waive the contest, 
each accounting himself to have done manfully in 
what had been threatened, in consideration, not to 
irliat he did, but what he )iii(jlit have done. The 
place to this day bears the foiMnidable name of 
"Bloody Point," now known by its present name of 
Fox Point. 

This Captain Wiggin, under the advice of Gov- 
ernor Winthrop, seemed determined to have the 
Pascata((ua settlements lirought under the sway of 
the Puritans, under the great charter of 1(528 (that 
granted to Massachusetts Bay). As the construc- 
tion which the Bay (Jolony put upon it would, 
had it been enforced, have swept away the 
entire ))roperty of the Pascataqua i>lanters, it nuist 
have encountered a hot and determined opjiosition 
from the whole river. The ^Massachusetts people 

knew that the Pascata(|ua planters were bitterly hos- 
tile to them in political and religious princi|)les, and 
would, on that account, be likely to receive ctlicient 
aid from the mother country, in case of an open 
conflict. Again, they nuist have known that the 
intention of the King was only to grant them as 
their northern boundary a strip of land three miles 
wide, following the course of the ^Merrimack River. 
The strij), or selvedge, of that breadth, was doubtless 
intended to protect the river from the artillery of 
any adjoining province. The Privy Council, as 
Massachusetts well knew, were inimical to the 
Bay Colony, and would seize with avidity upon 
the slightest frangression of their chartered limits, 
or corporate powers, as a ground for vacating 
the charter itself. Accordingly, after concerting 
the plan with Governor Winthrop and his assistants, 
Captain Wiggin, shortly after his quarrel with 
Captain Xealc, went to England in l(i82, and 
forming a company of "honest men," as Wintlux)p 
calls them, succeeded, with their aid, in jmrciiasing 
from Hilton and his Bristol associates the entire 
Hilton Patent, at the price of 2,150 pounds. The 
purchasers were Lord Say, Lord Brooke, Sir Rich- 
ard Saltonstall, Sir Arthur Hazelrigg, IMr. Whiting, 
and other men of Shrewsl)urv, all of them Puritans, 
and friends of ^lassachusetts Bay, who had been 
"writ unto," we are informed, "by the Gt>vernor 
and magistrates of Massachusetts, who encouraged 
them to purchase the said lands of the Bristol men 
in respect they feared some ill neighborhood 
from them." Captain Wiggin, ap)>ointcd manager 
for the new tompany, returned to New England 

with leiiifoiTciiu'iits and supplies, and a "godly 
minister," arriving at Salcni, Ooto1)cr 10, l(i;^3. 
As soon as he had entered into possession of the 
newly purchased territory, he took immediate stejis, 
in accordance with the original understanding, to 
submit that territory to the jurisdiction of ^lassa- 
chusetts. Early in the following month he wrote 
to Governor Winthrop that "one of his people had 
stabbed another, and desired he might be tried in 
the 15ay, if the l)arty died." The (Governor replied 
"that if Passcata(iuack lay within their limits (as it 
was su})posed) they would try him." But all these 
intrigues came to naught. The scheme to purchase 
the Hilton Patent, and turn it over to Massachusetts 
Bay, had for the present utterly failed. AViggin 
found it impossible to deliver his territory accord- 
ing to the bargain. Edward Hilton was a man of 
probity, a royalist and a churchman, and intense 
hostility sprang uji among the (ihinters. These men 
had now taken up and improved the lands on Bloody 
Point, and around the easterly side of (ireat Bay, in 
considerable numb(>rs, although without any legal 
title to them whatever. But as none of the j)atents 
of the Pascata(|ua countrv', not even that of Cajitain 
John Mason, of the Province of New Hampshire, 
conferred any rights of government and jurisdiction, 
but were all of them simply indentures, or deeds of 
territory, it is obvious that thei'e were no courts or 
trii)unals on the land before which these siiuatter 
rights could be called in question. The squatters 
upon the Pascata(jua thus found their titles of ]k)s- 
session practical!}' unquestionable, as long as they 
kept aloof from Massachusetts. From this was 

initiated a vigorous contest among the planters 
against the prosecution of Captain Wiggin's anil)i- 
tious designs, as a se(iuencc of which resulted his 
complete deposition from the office of Governor, 
and the election of an indeiiendent goverinuent by 
the jilanters in the early jiart of KloT. 


This jn)iut of land, called by the tirst settlers 
Pannaway, should be venerated, from the fact that 
it was here where the white man tirst set foot on 
New Hampshire soil, and here planted the seeds 
which have germinated into our present robust civ- 
ilization. The engraving which shows this portion 
of the coast is from an old drawing made in a])out 
16.')5, the original now being in the English archives, 
an exact copy having l)een reproduced for " Early 
Planting of New Hampshire," by John S. Jenness, 
from which we have made an eidarged copy of this 
point and immediate surroundings as then existed. 

The old drawing represents three Iniildings as 
being here at that time ; yet as to their identity we 
must draw our own conclusions, inasmuch as the 
buildings were not designated. But we are led 
to believe that the house at the right, near the point, 
is the old IManor, as its location is correct to 
represent that historic structure. The l)uilding at 
the left we are convinced is the old log forti- 
iication, for that too is situated in the right position 
to I)e readily identified as being the old "citadel 
of safety," referred to in history. The building 
between these two we know not of, unless it be 






the first Odiornc house, built by John Odii)riic, who 
came to this point about that time and erected a 
house, known to have been situated on about this 
spot. Tlie little apparent rise in ground to the left 
of the fortress is probaljh^ " Flake Mill," for its loca- 
tion also is exact to represent that important fish 
mart of nearly three hundred years aQo. The small 
tract of land on the extreme right is part of "(ireat 
Island," the water fiowing between it and the })()int 
is Little Harbor: the inlet or estuary fiowing l)ack 
into the land, nearly forming an island of the point 
at high tide, is what is now known as Scavcy's Creek. 

The IManor house stood on the crest of the hill, 
on the road leading toward the ocean, to the left, 
just before reaching the old Odiorne homestead. 

The I'oad runs directly over the former site of 
tlie old Manor house, as will readily be observed at a 
glance upon turning to the photograph taken of the 
ancient site as it now is, looking toward the sea. 

Upon the left bank, at its highest point, by the 
bush, is wdiere one end of the old Manor house stood, 
and here some of its original foundation may yet 
be seen. Upon the rigiit side of the highway, as 
now existing, the remaining end of the old Manor 
house rested. This bank is now in process of exca- 
vation as a gravel pit, and when the writer was there 
the workmen were taking out the gravel for rejiair- 
ing the roads of Rye, and in making excavations, had 
reached what might have been an ancient cellar, for 
quite well down in the ground were found quantities 
of well-arranged, fair-sized rocks, with evident 
traces of decayed tiinl)ers, falling into dust, together 
with pieces of l)rick, wrought iron spikes, nails, etc.. 

and at divers places old pieces of earthenware, pipes 
and many odd bits were uncovered. Quite a col- 
lection of the l)ctter specimens here offered were 
made by the writer and brought thence, as otherwise 
they would have been dumped in the road and for- 
ever lost, as doubtless were the remainder. No care 
or interest whatever appeared to lie exercised in 
making any attemiit to save "treasure trove," if any 
such were unearthed, or the slightest regard i)aid to 
the conse(juent obliteration of ancient landmarks. 
The work of excavation was pushed ruthlessly 
through, the spade, pick and shovel doing their in- 
exorable work in effectually scattering to the winds 
the vanishing relics lingering upon the site of that 
first structure built by the white man in New Hamp- 

Just beyond the site of the INIanor house, close 
to a gnarled and scraggy tree, l)y the stone-wall, is the 
spotwhere, in the ancient settlement of Pannawav, 
stood the first smith's shop. ]\Iany of the adjacent 
stones of the wall in-oclaim their original jiositions 
in having formed the historic wall of the old smith's 
shop, and some i)ortion even of the original founda- 
tion wall yet remains. 

The ancient spring, where, it is likely the adven- 
turers of that old time first slaked their thirst, upon 
their landing here, lies at the end of the road, on 
the beach, now covered with lichened rocks and 
bowlders, first placed there, doulrtless, by the hand 
of man, in order that the road to the seashore might 
be easier of access ; although, since man began the 
work, old ocean has materially aided, until now 
nothing of the spring is to be seen save only that its 




waters, trickling from aiiioiif;' the rot-lxs, run sUiwiy 
to the sea. 

Near the eiul of the road, before one reaches the 
spring, is the monument recently erected in com- 
memoration of the l)and of Englishmen, pioneers 
of New Ilamiishire civilization, who are supposed to 
have lirst landed near this spot, dedicating this virgin 
soil to the service of a larger and gi'eater future than 
it had ever known before. 

Without presuming to exercise the othcc of the 
critic, it may l)e said that the latter jiortion of the 
inscription l)orne thereon apjjcars to be a little 
digression from the facts, inasmuch as the first 
planters of this shore journeyed hither under grant 
of His Majesty, the King, as history indelibly 
records : " To found a Plantacon on the river of 
Pascataqua, to cultivate the vine, discover mines, 
carry on the lisheries, and trade with the natives," 
and only incidentally "to consecrate this soil to the 
service of God and liberty," as might best have 
suited their convenience. 

The site of the old garrison, or lilock-housc, 
the burial-ground, the ancient well, and thi' old tisli 
"flakes" upon "Flake Hill," is next in order. 
Concerning these, it may be said that the illustration 
shown herewith was taken on a small ledge in the 
field, a little south of i\Ir. Odiorne's barn. Upon 
the extreme right is the burial-jilace : upon the left 
the old well is to be found ; and near the center, indi- 
cated by a cross (x), is the site of the old garrison, 
or block-house ; and upon the hill, seen on the left, 
beyond the well, is where the pioneei' settlers placed 
their fish "flakes." 

The old burial-ground, the oldest in the State, 
is the ])lace where lie the bones of those who suc- 
cumbed to the hardships and privations of that first 
New Enirland wintci', and who first set foot uj)on 
New Hampshire soil in that memorable spring of 
the year of srace, sixteen hundred and twenty-three. 

There are about forty graves to l)e seen, with 
simple bowlders, unmarked, at the head and feet, so 
that the exercise of this well-known habit of our 
forefathers affords no clue to those whose mortal 
])art molders into dust beneath each rude monu- 
ment; yet it is known, indisputably, that herein 
rest the bones of those early jiioneers. whose sinewy 
hands first "blazed" the primeval forest with the 
settler's axe. 

In this cemetery, by the ancient nu)unds, is 
a large walnut tree, which may be as old or older 
than the settlement, and no one knows but this aged 
sentinel of the woodland was here and a witness to 
the scene as the first of the small ])and of inunigrants, 
yieldinrr to the rigors of a pioneer life, were laid at 
rest in the sands beneath its protecting branches. 

The old garrison, or block-house, was used as 
a fort ; also, probably, as a place of worshij). AVe 
are informed by ^Nlr. Charles A. Odiorne, who re- 
sides in the old Odiorne homestead, that his uncle, 
who helped remove the old fortification, told him 
that the building was situated in the field, as is indi- 
cated, about midway between the old burial-ground 
and the well. The main part of the fortification was 
made of logs, and was of considerable dimensions, 
being somewhat greater in length than width. Upon 
opposite corners, the one looking toward the Manor 





house and the other toward the Hsh tiakes, were two 
emlirasures for small camion, doubtless the "cul- 
verin" or "saker" of the colonial day, and for other 
piu"])oses. These embrasures wore substantially 
constructed either of brick, or of stone and brick 

The old well lies just over the wail, which runs 
at right angles to the one back of the old garrison, 
u))on the southeast side, and is yet in a good state of 


From IT.iS the "Parade," as it is more fre- 
(|uently and jiroperly called, was nearly tilled by the 
old State House, until its removal in the latter part 
of 183(i, leaving fortunately an open space in the 
business center of the town. 

On the east side, toward Daniel Street, was the 
town puni[), which was also used as a whipping-post, 
where men and women, for minor offenses, were 
tied and whipj)ed on their l)arc backs, as late as 
17(i4, and even afterwards, for we have the record 
of a hostler in one of the stage stables being "pub- 
licly whipped at the pumji with ten lashes on his 
bare l)ack"' for stealing a bucketful of West India 
rum from his employer. And also that of a woman 
for concealing and taking away a pair of small shoes 
from a store, subse((uent to this date. 

The street then was not so wide here as it now 
is, for the old Pearse l)uilding, at the southeast 
corner of Daniel Street, extended, until the fire of 
1802, on a line with the City Building, twenty-five 

feet westward into the Parade, and also twelve feet 
north into Daniel Street. 

Formerly, on account of a ledge, no carriao-e 
could pass between the State House and the pro- 
jecting jiorch of the North Meeting-house. But 
later, probal)ly aljout 1789, some of the led^e was 
taken away, and at odd times afterward until nearly 
all was removed except a little near the State House, 
which remained, thus making a street way on the 
south as well as on the north side of the l)uildino-. 
The S(|uare, from the North Meeting-house across, 
was at this point about one hundred feet in width. 

The name "Parade" was formerly given to the 
wide space in front of the iiost-oflice ; but after the 
renu)val of the State House the name was applied to 
the square, and very appropriately, for hero the 
large processions were formed, including the cele- 
brations of lS;i3 and 1873, when the "Sons and 
Daughters of Portsmouth" returned to the city. 


As shown liy Hales' survey of 1813, this build- 
ing was thirty by eighty-four feet. The west end 
was on a line with the west side of High Street. It 
was built in 17.t8 upon a ledoe of rocks occupyino- 
the center of the Parade (now Market Square), by 
order of the General Assembly, in a resolve passed 
that year, empowering Daniel Warner, Henry Sher- 
burne and Clement March a committee to carry the 
same into execution. 

^Vhcn first built, the easterly room was appro- 
priated for the Council Chamber, the middle for 

the House of Representatives, and the west for the 
Court of Conunon Law. Afterward the Masons had 
the eastern chamber and the Fire Companies another 
room, while the Fire Department was in the lower 
story, which consisted of one immense room. In 
the attic were several convenient committee rooms. 

On November 1, 17(;5, the day the obnoxious 
Stamp Act was to take effect, a novel though then 
solemn scene was here enacted. All the bells in 
town were tollins the death knell, the flags were at 
half-mast, everything was draped as though for 
death, and people for miles around were congregated 
at and around the State House. At the appropriate 
time a funeral procession could be seen moving 
from the State House bearing a coffin with this in- 
scription, "Liberty, aged 145." The procession, 
headed by two muffled drums, beating the funeral 
march, paraded the streets ; as it passed the Parade 
minute-guns were tired, and upon arriving at the 
place for burial a]ipropriate services were held. As 
the coffin was being lowered into the grave, shouts 
were heard that Iviberty was not dead. The coffin 
was then raised, and I.iiberty was not put in the 
grave, but instead the detestal)le Stamp Act itself 
was buried in its place, the clods of earth were 
thrown upon it, and stamped in by the feet of Lib- 
erty's sons. The l)ells changed their doleful tone 
into a joyous peal, flags were raised to mast-head, 
the cannon echoed from hilltop to hilltop, and every- 
thing was changed to good cheer as the procession 
marched l)ack to the lively beat of the drums. 

Again, on the repeal of the Stamp Act, in 17(i(i, 
this Square and House M'as the scene of another 

tremendous outl)urst of enthusiasm. A grand jjro- 
cession marched through the streets, accompanied 
with the ringing of bells, tiring of cannon, beating 
of drums, and everything calculated to increase the 
hilarity of the occasion was indulged in without 
restraint. Fireworks of an elaborate nature were set 
off in the evening, while in the State House were 
congregated all the dignitaries and their friends, 
toasting to the joyful occasion and to those instru- 
mental in the repeal of the obnoxious Act. 

Gov. John Wcntworth, in 17(i7, was formally 
inducted into office in this l)uilding, after a trium))hal 
journey of marked attention from Charleston, S. C, 
where he landed in ]\Iarch, to this town. He was 
met by the members of the General Asseml)ly, and 
a grand military cavalcade from all the surrounding- 
towns escorted him to the State House, amid nuich 
enthusiasm, and with great pomji, where the conmiis- 
sion ajipointing him Governor and Commander-in- 
Chief of the ]irovince, and a commission from the 
Ijords of Admiralty ajipointing him Vice Admiral, 
wei'e pul)licly read to the assemblage by the High 
Sheriff. In the Council Chamber he was formally 
introduced to the officers of State, and here the 
(Jovernor, Council and other officers and gentlemen 
j^resent partook of an elegant ban(|ui't prepared for 
the occasion. 

In the exciting times of the Kevohilion, en- 
thusiastic meetings were held here by the ])atriots. 
The Declaration of Independence having just been 
issued, it was read to the excited inhal)it:ints from 
the balcony by the Sheriff, John Parker. After the 
reading was finished, Thomas Manninir, a di<rnified 


and spirited j)atri()t, inouulcd tiic steps at the west 
end and proposed tliat the name of "King Street" 
at once be changed to "Congress Street," which 
was carried by accluniation witii h)ud huzzas. The 
steps from which Captain Manning made his historic 
proposition can now l>e seen in front of the iMeser\e- 
Weljster house on Vaughan Street. The east end 
ste))s are in front of the Ti-eat lioniestead, on the 
north side of Deer Street, the third housi> east 
from Vaugiian Street. 

In 17^;^, when tlie provisional articles of peace 
between the United States and Great Britain had 
been ratified by Congress, they were to lie publicly 
proclaimed in each State by the Supreme Executive 
Power thereof. Monday, April :^.Sth, the President 
and Committee of Safety a]ipointed as the time for 
proclaiming the same. The day was ushered in l)y 
the ringing of Ijells ; salutes of thirteen guns wt'rc 
tired from the Fort, at Liberty Bridge, and Church 
Hill, to which His Most Christian Majesty's shij), 
the "America," being in the har])or, resjionded. 
Patriotic services were held at the North Chuich, by 
the Rev. Drs. Haven and Buckminster, after which, 
at noon, the President of the State, otticers of gov- 
ernment and others proceeded to the State House and 
from the balcony the Sheriff read the ]irocIamation 
to a large assemblage of people on the Parade, who 
received it with nnich joy sind acclamation. An ele- 
gant dinner was served at the Assembly House, and 
also at the State House, and, according to Adams" 
Annals, "at both jilaces a number of ]iatriotic toasts 
were drunk." In the e\ening a sjilendid ball was 
given at the Assembly House, which with the State 

House was beautifully illuminated, while supeib tire- 
works were displayed outside. 

In flune, 1788, New Hampshire, being the ninth 
State to adopt the Federal Constitution, celel)rated 
the event with great rejoicings. An innnense pro- 
cession, I'epresenting all the different trades, pro- 
fessions and callings, assemljled here, and from the 
Parade, headed by a band of nnisic in an open coach, 
drawn by six decorated horses, marched thiough the 
})rinci])al streets, l)eing saluted in the most emphatic 
manner as it passed with all the enthusiasm that 
patriotic zeal could furnish, mingled with that of the 
noise and acclamation characteristic of young Amer- 
ica on such occasions. In the evening, Nathaniel 
Adams, in the "Annals of Portsmouth," states that 
"the State House was beautifully illuminated with 
nine lights in each window, while a large company 
of ladies and gentlemen on the Parade were enter- 
tained with music from the balcony." In the 
year 1789 President Washington was formally 
received by the citizens on the balcony over the 
eastern door. 

Previous to 1818 all the town-meetings and 
elections were held in this building. And within 
these walls have echoed the voices of many who have 
gained distinction in the nation's councils, and that 
of one, beside President AVashington, the highest 
within the gift of the people of this nation. 

In 183t) the citizens subscribed seven hundred 
dollars to have the old building removed, and on 
September lUth the selectmen ordered its removal 
within ninety days. The courts were afterwards 
held in the new Court House on Court Street. 

Part of the old State H(»ase is still standing, 
altered into a dwelling-house, on the north side of 
Court Street, midway hetween Atkinson and Water 
Streets. The old building has l)een very accurately 
reproduced, by a jirocess of photography, especially 
for this l)ook, and according to the testimony of 
many old people, who can rcnieinlier it distinctly, 
is correct, even to the small details. 

act. The jn-cdccessor of the First National Bank 
was the Piscatacjua Bank, incorporated in 1824. 

In 1840 this ])ank had nine directors with only 
three different surnames : Sanuiel Hale, Samuel E. 
Cones, Samuel Lord, William Stavers, William M. 
Shackford, William II. Y. Ilackott, Ichabod Rollins, 
Ichabod Bartlett and Ichal)od Goodwin, and there 
was no other Ichabod in the town. 


This is the oldest bank building built and con- 
tinuously occuj)ied for banking jiuqjoses in the 
United States. It is situated on the cast side of 
the Parade. After the old gambrel-roof dwelling, 
occupied as a bank, was burned in the great tire of 
1802, this building was erected from designs by 
Eliphalet Ladd for the New Hampshire Bank, which 
was incorporated .January ;i, 17'.t2, l)cing the first 
l)ank established in the State. Its charter expired 
in 1842. The present New Hampshire National 
Bank was chartered with the name of " New Hamp- 
shire Bank" 1)y the State in 18.5o. The chaml)ers 
over the bank have been occupied by the distin- 
guished lawyers, .leremiah Mason, (iovernor Levi 
Woodliurv, and his pupil. President Fraid^lin Pierce. 

The present owneis of the building are the 
Portsmouth Savings Bank, which was incorporated 
in 182;-} and is the oldest savings bank in the State, 
and the First National Bank, owning the eastern 
half ; the latter was the first to tile its Ixinds in 
Washington in l.S(i;i under the National bankini:- 


in ISi'il the hall was cut up and altered into 
tity rooms, and in 1.S7.') the market was abolished, 
although the conditions of the sale of the land in 
1 7114 were that the land should be used and occupied 
for a public market place for the town of Ports- 
mouth forever. 

.lames Grouard formerly occujjicd an old house 
on the site of this building. He ke})t a hat store in 
front and let a large chiuiiber over it for singing 
schools and other public uses. Here the first town 
school for girls was kept in 17.S4, after which no 
school of the kind was maintained until 181."). 

In 17«J4 the town liought this lot of -lohn 
Fisher, of London, for four hundred and fifty 
])ounds and l)uilt a market with a town hall over it 
in ISOO, which the next year received the nnnie of 
".lefferson" in honor of the newly elected President. 
In 1802 all but the brick walls was consumed. In 
1804 it was rebuilt. In I-SIS the hall was first used 
instead of the old State House for election pur- 
poses, and town-meetings were held here until the 
adoption of the city charter in 1.S49. In 181;* it 

was used as the great Suiulav-school I'oom of Ports- 
mouth, which children of all parishes attended. 

When the two hundredth anniversary of the 
settlement of Portsmouth was celebrated, May 21, 
1823, two hundred gentlemen dined in the hall. 
In 1844 a public reception was given to Daniel 
Webster in Jefferson Hall. 


Is situated on the corner of Church and Congress 
Streets, next west of the North Church. Hunking 
Wentworth was the uncle of Governor John Went- 
worth, and was a zealous patriot. The local Com- 
mittee of Public Safety held their meetings at 
this house. He was chairman of the Committee and 
obtained the signatures of four hundred and ninety- 
seven inhabitants to the Association Test of 177(3, 
promising that they would "at the risk of their lives 
and fortunes, with arms oppose the hostile pro- 
ceedings of the British fleets and armies against the 
united American colonies." They also reported the 
names of thirty-one inhaliitants, the majority of 
whom refused to sign. He was an efficient friend 
of the American Revolution from the first agitation 
of the subject. So numerous were his relatives in 
official positions that in taking sides with the people 
he seemed to be l)ut quarreling with his own family. 
His father, John Wentworth, had liecn I.,icutenant 
Governor. His brother, Benning Wentworth, had 
been (xovernor, his nephew. John Wentworth, was 
then Governor, and his younger brother, ilark 
Hunking Wentworth, had refused to sign the Asso- 
ciation Test. 


The house of Thomas Phijips, the first i)uljlic 
schoolmaster in Portsmouth, was built on the lot 
west of the Hunking Wentworth dwelling, liis being 
the first erected on the glebe land, and was there 
when the glebe land was plotted in 1 70.5 . In Octobei', 
1704, the house of Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, on 
Pleasant Street ( without much doubt the old Ejjis- 
copal parsonage), was destroyed by fire, three 
members of his family having perished in the 
flames. The ne.xt year the town voted ^Ir. Rogers 
one hundred and fifty pounds to assist in building a 
house on his own land, and it is said this was the first 
house in Portsmouth built with windows constructed 
for .square panes of glass, instead of the small 
diamond shape. 

]Mr. Rogers, the successor of the Rev. Mr. 
bloody, was a son of President Rogers, of Harvard 
College. He accepted the offer of the parisli in 
11)97, at a salary of one hundred pounds and use of 
the glebe lands and i)arsonage. He remained pastor 
of the parish until his death in 17^3. In some of 
the earlier histories of the town it was stated that 
he was a direct descendant from John Rogers, the 
martyr, but recent researches have proved otherwise, 
the details of which may be found in " The Direct 
Ancestry of the late Jacob Wendell." published by 
James Rindge Stanwood : Boston : 1882. 

Mr. Rogers was l)uried at the Point of Graves, 
but the slate slab which was inserted in the monu- 
ment is illegible : the Latin inscription, however, is 
printed in full in Adams" Annals. The house and 

lot were assijiiiod to Daniel Ko<;ors in 175.5 and 
remained in the Roiicrs family, descending to Mary 
C. Hogei-s, until Deeeniber 8, 1871, when it was 
sold l)y the exceiitors to the pres(>nt owners. The 
old dwelling was then raised and stores placed 
hencath. See page 1.S5. 


This Iniilding, situated east of the National 
Block, stands on the site of the house built by 
Charles Tread well in 1729 on a lot leased to him 
that year by the wardens of the j^arish for nine 
hundred and ninety-nine years for tifteen shillings 
amiually. Mr. Treadwell came from Ijiswich, Mass., 
in 1724. Mrs. Treadwell was a remarkable woman, 
energetic, intelligent and obliging, who, with her 
husband, carried on an extensive business in pro- 
visions and furnishing goods, and acquired a large 
fortune, with which they built some of the best 
houses in Portsmouth. Tier portrait, undoubtedl_y 
by Copley, is preserved by one of her descendants. 


This house stood on the corner of Fleet and 
Congress Streets ; it was built by Mr. Treadwell for 
his only daughter, aliout 1745, who married Dr. 
Ammi K. Cutter. Dr. Cutter became a surgeon in 
a New Hampshire regiment and served through the 
French and Indian War. He was at the capture of 
Louisburg in 1758, and served during the Revo- 
lutionary AVar. In 18."j7, John E. Robinson adver- 

tised that he had taken the Mansion House, and 
renamed it the Temjjcranee Mansion House, and 
that it would be kept as a temperance house. The 
l)uilding, including the stone stable in the rear, 
was. jiurchased from Daniel R. Rogers, who in 1841 
owned the S(|uare Ijounded In' Congress, Church, 
Warren and Fleet Streets. The house was after- 
ward called the City Hotel, and then the National 
Hotel. It was burned in December, 1877, and the 
National Block was erected on its site. 


On the sou,thwcst corner of Fleet and Congress 
Streets is a gambrcl roof dwelling which was built 
soon after the jieace of 17<S.") liy Nathaniel Dean. It 
was also occupied by Willis Barnabee, the father of 
the famous singer, Henry Clay Barnai)ee. The 
house of the eccentric Dr. ]\Ioses foi-merly stood on 
this site, and at the time of the Revolution Ma'am 
Moses, the widow of Dr. Moses, kept a school 
here. The house was one story, with two rooms, 
one occupied by the father, mother and nine chil- 
dren ; in the other the cow was kept. The building- 
was owned and occupied for many years, and until 
recently, l)y George W. Phunmer, a baker. 


The middle lot, between Fleet and Chestnut 
Streets, was leased tirst in 1712 to Capt. Richard 
Oerrish, then in ]\Iarch, 17;)0, to Robert Macklin, a 
baker, who lived to the a<i'e of 115. He afterward 

A. OLD FkANKI.lN HlllSfc:. 

1). TOWER OF HIE oLL> Ih.Mi'Lh IN ljl^rA.\>_E. 

occupied :i Imildinii' on tlio silc (if ('(ingress Bloclv, 
on tlie o])p()sitc side of tiie street. He l)oiii;lit his 
Hour in Boston, a distance of sixty-three miles. He 
used to walk thither, a'oing one day and returning' 
tlie next, even wlien past eiolity years of age. In 
17i>l, tiiis lot was leased to .lames and Matthew 
Haslctt, leather dressers and dealers in wool, whose 
i|uaint sion of a huck and a glove, with the date 
ITtiii. was reproduced in the Ncn' JlauijixJiirp 
< ,'ii::i'll<' in ITiiT, it lieing the first newspaper adver- 
tisement illustrated with a cut in New Hampshire. 

On the next lot, on the corner, thei'e stood orig- 
inally a tine gamlirel-roof l)uiiding, owned by the 
Boyd family.' P'rom IT.SO to 17;it», Robert Gerrisli 
})rinted the Xeir IlitinpKjiirc Mercnri/ in this Imild- 
ing. John Melcher, who was an appientice of 
Robert Fowle, and succeeded iiim in the ^W^'- 
llidiijislni'e (U(;:elte, afterward })ulilished the pa})cr 
in this imilding: sultsequently he purchased the 
house, which was burned in 187;'). Formerly the 
waters from the North Pond, at times, extended to 
this corner, and the front door to the house had 
four steps to the former level of the street. 


In the snowstorm view taken Feliruary 17, I8ii7, 
the dome of the Temple can be seen, and it is the 
only view that can be found, showing the old hull of 

The site at the corner of Chestnut and Porter 
Streets was formerly occupied by the first Ports- 
mouth almshouse liuildimr in 17K), and used until 

1 7.').'i, i)C'ing the tirst almshouse erected in the country. 
Chestnut Street was then named Prison Lane, and 
Fetter Lane was the predecessor of Warren and 
Porter Streets. The original names were very ap- 
pro])riate, as the jail stood at the corner of the two 
lanes. The Temjile was built in l.SO.') by the Free 
AVill Baptist Societv and was used until 1844 as 
their i)lace of worshij). when the Washingtonian 
Temperance Society remodeled it for a lecture room. 
The seats were arranged as an ami)hitheatre without 
a gallery. After its destruction l)y tire in December, 
bS7(;, Music Hall was erected on the site, and opened 
in .bmuary, 1878, l)eing remodeled in litOl. Re- 
turning from Chestnut Street Xo the north side of 
Congress Street, on the corner of Fleet is 


The site of this block, in the early part of the 
last century, was occupied by two dwellings, built 
l)y Langley Boardman : they were soon after con- 
verted into a tavern kn((wn as the Portsmouth Hotel 
and Stage House. 

The part on the ccn-ner of Fleet Street (then 
Mason Street) in 18UI was removed and the brick 
structure known as Franklin Hall erected, con- 
taining a hall for assemblies, with a spring floor, the 
Masons occuj)ying the upper rooms. 

On May 21, 18:^3, nearly four hundred peojile 
were present at a ball celebrating the two hundredth 
anniversary of the tirst settlement of New Hamiishire. 
The majority of the 40() (numerically and socially) 
present inscril)ed their names and ages on a j)arch- 

ment still preserved in the Athemeuiii, where niiiy 
be read the names of Daniel and Grace Webster, 
Jeremiah and Mary Mason, the families of the 
Wendells, the Sheafes, the Wentworths, the Rices, 
and all the names prominent in the history of the 
town, which certainly included the descendants of 
the guests at the wedding of Governor Wentworth : 

"He had invited all his friends and peers, — 
The Pepperels, the Langdons and the Lears, 
The Sparhavvks, the Penhallows and the rest; 
But why repeat the name of every guest?" 

Lafayette held a reception here Septeml)er 21, 
1824, at which thirty soldiers of the Revolution who 
had served under him were present. 

Between the years of Stavers' "Flying Coach" 
and that of railroads, this tavern was the head- 
quarters for the coaches which ran between Boston 
and Portland. Here was the booking office for the 
large town and smaller country stages ; and from 
here .lohn Menduni, Robert W. Annable, Sherburne 
Somerby, Willis Barnabee and other knights of the 
whip, drove to Boston, Concord and Portland, the 
fare ])eing about three dollars per trip. 


The front of this old tavern projected into the 
street and was situated on the site of the building 
now occupied by C. H. Clark and others, next west 
of Congress Block. It was built by Paul ]March in 
1743, who was a merchant of means and married a 
daughter of .lohn Newmarch, who resided next door. 
This house was kejit, previous to the Revolution, 

by John (ireenleaf. From a post in front of the 
house he hung the sign of the "Bell,'" painted l)lue, 
famous in after years. At this tavern, during the 
Revolution, the Patriots made their head(juarters, 
and here laid their plans for future execution, while 
the Tory party assembled at the "Earl of Halifax 
Tavern," on Court Street. AVhen the French fleet 
was in the harbor, in 17S2, ]\Iarquis de Chastelleaux, 
who was the commander, boarded at this house while 
he remained in town. 

The walls of this old house probably have been 
witness to many interesting incidents of bygone 
days, and if all were known, volumes could l)e writ- 
ten revealing things we know not of. The Probate 
Court for many years held their sessions in this 
house. Until 18.")2 it was kept as a tavern, and at 
that time was changed into dwellings, and in 18()7 
was destroyed by iire, and the brick l)lock erected 
on the site. 

A guest at the old Bell Tavern wrote : " It was 
not a beautiful structure. An architect would not 
hold it up as a model. It had no stately columns or 
pillars, dome or tower, but it had a history and hal- 
lowed memories, which are more signiticant and 


In 1738 a house was destroyed here by fire 
which had been occupied by Robert Macklin, tlie old 
baker. Soon after the fire a part of tlie old meeting- 
house at the South Mill-dam was removed to this 
spot and converted into a dwelling by John New- 
march. It was afterward occupied by his son-in-law, 

Richard Billiii<>s, who was clerk at one time for 
John Hancock : and hi.s old master used to honor 
him with a call when he came down from Boston in 
his coach. i\Ir. Billings was elected clerk of the 
Brick Market when it was opened in 1800. 

In 1846 the Billings house was taken down, and 
Frederick W. Rogers, having bought the timber, 
removed it to Jackson Street, where he used the 
lumber in ])uilding a cottage, it being the rtrst house 
on the east side of the street, al)out one hundred 
feet in from the entrance, near the railroad tracks, 
and sits end to the street, this l)eing the only known 
remains of the "Old Meeting-house." 

Congress Block was built on the site of the 
Billings house. The block was seriously damaged 
by tire in 1864, but was rebuilt, the upper stories 
being occupied l)y the Masons. 


There formerly stood on the northwest corner 
of Congress and High Streets a three-story frame 
building which was occupied for many years by 
Dominick Peduzzi, a confectioner, and in one of the 
rooms was held the tirst Roman Catholic service 
in the city. The buildino- was taken down in ISiK). 


On the northeast corner of High Street and 
Market Square is the brick Ijuilding known as the 
"Peirce Block." John Peirce came to this country 
about 1700. He kept a store in his house on this 

site, and the present three-story building was erected 
in 1804 by his descendants, who still own the prop- 

The next building, so long occupied by William 
P. Walker, is also still in the hands of the descend- 
ants of the original owner, having passed to the 
seventh generation without a deed. It was occupied 
for forty years by the Portsmouth Bank, which was 
organized in 180o, principally that the New Hamp- 
shire Fire & ]\Iarine Insurance Company, which oc- 
cupied the Athcnanim Building adjoining, might 
have a safe place to keep their stocks and moneys. 
A portion of the original safe is still in the building. 

In the rear of these buildings, and opening on 
High Street, was Nelson's Lane, now built over by 
the new Peirce Block, and led up to the rear of 
Walker's store. When digging for the foundation 
of Peirce Block, there was found the site of the fort 
formerly erected there, which was a part of the line 
of fortifications surrounding Strawljerry Bank. 


After the destruction by tire of the Portsmouth 
Library there was no institution of the kind in the 
town until 1817, when, upon June oOth of that year, 
by an act of the New Hampshire Legislature, a cor- 
poration was created under the title of "The Pro- 
prietors of the Portsmouth Athena'uni." It is 
owned in one hundred shares, and jiossesses a valu- 
able library of over twenty thousand volumes. This 
is in no sense a public library, as only the share- 
holders can use the Ixmks. In 1<S4() the lunnber of 

nil. ATiiEXAia .\i. 

ri;iiL:/./,i uLii.iJiM, 

volumes contained in tiie lilmirv aggregated five 
thousand, and in 1864 that number was doul)led. 
The present building was erected hy John Peirce, 
in 1803, for the use of the New Hampshire Fire and 
Marine Insurance Co., which was failed l)_y tiie War 
of 1812, and was purciiased ]>y the Athenieuni cor- 
poration in 1817. 

The library ]X)ssesses many rare imprints, and 
is especially sti'ong in works of the early (ieorgian 
period. It also owns a valuable collei'tion of pam- 
phlets and manuscripts of the Provincial day. Its 
representation is also rich in material i)ertaining to 
early New Hampshire history, and of the towns 
therein embraced. It has been the recipient of many 
legacies of valuable l)ooks, among the more valuable 
of which may 1)e mentioned, the beautifully l)ound 
library of the late Benjamin T. Tredick, of Phila- 
delphia, of over fifteen hundred volumes, and the 
library of the late Charles Le\ i Woodbury, received 
in 18<"tit. 

The Hrst annual meeting of the proprietors of 
the Portsnmuth .\then;eum was held in eJanuary, 
1811). All of the one hundred shares, excelling 
eight, had been sold, and four hundred and eighty- 
two volumes ac(juired by gift or purchase. The 
corporation organized with Nathaniel Adams as Pres- 
ident, with .lohn Pitman, (Jeorge .laffrey and 
Nathaniel A. Haven as Directors, and Timothy 
Farrar as Secretary and Treasurer. 

For more than fifteen years it was the custom 
of the Board of Directors to present at the annual 
meeting a report which, Ijesides giving an accui'ate 
statement of the condition of the institution, con- 

tained a more or less elaborate e.\j)osition of the 
value of the books embraced in the collections of the 
Athena-um. Urgent ajipeals for new subscriptions 
and for gifts of books ap}ieared in each rej)ort, on 
the ground that an institution like the Atliemeum 
is a public benefit, an important means of intellectual 
improvement in the community, as well as a credit 
and ornament to the town. 

In the above reports the fact is emphasized that 
the Alhena'um is a jiublic library. This seems 
strange, when it is remembered that the use of the 
books owned by the institution has always been 
strictly limited to stockholders and their families, or 
those to whom they may have temporarily assigned 
their rights. 


Kunning nearly noi-th from the Parade is ]\Iarket 
Street, formerly "Paved" Street, so-called from its 
stone ]>aving laid in 17(J7, being the first pavement 
in the town. From Bow Street to the ferry it was 
called "Fore" Street. The tire of 1802 started in 
the New Hampshire Bank Building on the site now 
occupied by the First National Bank, and destroyed 
all the buildings on both sides of Market Street to 
the Ladd house : all those on the west end of Bow 
Street, and on Ijoth sides of Ladd Street, except 
one, were consumed. Market Street then was very 
narrow, but its width was more than doubled as 
shown by the plan made in .lanuary, 18();!, "with 
lines drawn l)y tlie direction of the Genu. Selectmen," 
recently remounted and preserved in the city rooms. 

This street was arched witli evergreen on the 
tirst return of the "Sons of Portsmouth" in 1853. 
In the second story of the second huildinp- on the 
west side of the street, now occupied ))y H. Peyser 
& Son, was the law office of Daniel AVehster. (See 
page 182). 


On the southeast corner of Conmiercial -Vlley 
and Market Street was the house formerly occupied 
I)y Benjamin Dearborn, the inventor of the famous 
Dearborn Patent Balances. In this house he kept a 
l)rivate school, admitting both ])oys and girls, it 
being the first in which girls could attend, thus 
recognizing the fact that girls should, as well as boys, 
receive some attention in educational matters. 

This house was l)uilt in ITTjO by a Mr. Eo))inson 
who came hei'e from England with his daughter 
Mary, then only a child, living here happily for 
several years ; but unfortunately the father died, 
leaving tiie girl, then a young lady, alone with l)ut a 
guardian, and lietween the short-sighted kindness of 
an indulgent father and the long-visaged treachery 
of a faithless guardian, jioor "Molly" came to grief. 

A full relation of this incident can be found in 
the "Rambles," Vol. I., page 302. 

The house was destroyed by the fire of 1802. 
The predecessor of the Mechanics and Traders 
National Bank was the Commercial Bank, chartered 
in 1825. 


From the very earliest settlements this rise of 
land from the river has been called "Spring Hill," 
and the unfailing spring of water flowing from 
the rocks near its base, inspired the name. Foi- 
merly, at veiy high tides, it is said the water flowed 
over it. In later years the water from the spring- 
was conducted to the river through a log acjueduct. 

In 171)1, the town built a market house at the 
siu'ing one story high, facing on ^Market Street, and 
al)out thirty-five years afterward moved it down over 
the river, enlarging it to nearly twice its former 
size, leaving about one-half of the ))uilding open on 
two sides and one end, for the accommodation of 
the country people who came here with their farm 
products to sell. Some of the timbers in the exten- 
sion came from the old Durham church, under which 
the powder was stored when seized and removed 
from Fort William and ]\Iarv, in Deceml)er, 1774. 

In former times Spring Market was the great 
resort for country traders from Kittery and Eliot, 
the women rowing across the river in their own 
boats with loads of fruit, vegetables and farm prod- 
uce. From here and near-l)y wharves, jiackets with 
latfeen sails formerly left at the proper tide with 
freight and passengers daily, Sundays exce})ted, for 
Berwick, Dover, Durham and Newmarket, and once, 
and sometimes twice a week, for Exeter. The fare 
was twelve and a half cents. 

In 1834, the steamer "Portsmouth" left the Sheafe 
Wharf, foot of Deer Street, three times a week for 
Boston, fare $1.50 ; and there were regular trijts of 
schooners to Boston, New York and Phiiadelpiiia. 






This lioiisc was sitLiatcd midway l)et\\ptMi the 
corner of Hanover Street (formerly Cross Street) 
and the Moffat house, on tlie lot wiiere the old 
furniture store ])uildino; was torn down in ]!M)1. 
Here resided Samuel Cutts, a direct descendant of 
Robert Cutt, who was a rich mei-chant and shij)- 
owner at the time of the Revolution, his wharf l)ein<:' 
op]iosite to his house. He was a member of the 
New Hampshire Asseniblj- in 177(), and was one of 
the connnittee of three appointed to draw up the 
New Hampshire declaration of the "Bill of Ri<;hts," 
setting forth the sentiments of the jieople and in- 
structing our delegates to the ( 'ontinental Congress 
to join with other colonies in proclaiming the inde- 
l)endence of the country from Great Britain. It was 
to Captain Cutts that Paul Revere brought a letter 
of warning from the Boston Patriots. In Governor 
Wentworth"s letter of December Hi, 1774, he wrote 
in reference to the attack on the fort at Newcastle : 
"The present distractions seem to have luirst forth 
by means of a letter from William Cooper to Sam- 
uel Cutts. delivered licre on Tuesday last P. ^\., l)y 
Paul Revere." 

On December 13, 1774, Paul Revere took his 
FIRST historic ride, and while it may not have been 
so far reaching in importance as his later one, yet it 
is deserving a prominent jilace in American history, 
as it led to the attack on Fort William and ^lary, 
and securing the ]iowder, a portion of which was 
concealed under the Durham Meeting-house, and 
afterward used at the Battle of Buid^er Hill (as 

related elsewhere), this being the first overt act of 
armed hostility connnitted against (ireat Britain by 
the Colonists, and was the begimiing of the long 
struggle, whit'h resulted in the independence of and 
the birth of the Ignited States of America. 


On the west side of Market Street, midway 
between Hanover and Deer Streets. Built by Ca))- 
tain .lohn Moffat, in 17fio, for his son Samuel. 
Captain Moffat was born in Hertfordshire, Kngland, 
in 1()'.I2, and tirst came to this country as Connnander 
of one of the King's mast-ships, which, in those days, 
were accustomed to take in their cargoes of masts 
for the Royal Navy, at the Cove, later known as 
Pepperrell's Cove, at Kittery Point. Captain Moffat 
married Catherine, daughter of Robert ('utt, 2d, by 
whom he had a numerous family. He settled in 
Portsmouth, becoming an opulent merchant. His 
son, Sanuiel Cutt Moffat, married ( E'eb. 1, 17(U) 
Sarah ('atherine, daughter of Colonel .lohn Tufton 
Mason, and they were the grandfather and grand- 
mother of Maria Tufton Haven, wife of Alexander 
Ladd. Sauuiel Cutt Moffat graduated at Harvard 
University in 17.")8. He was bred u\) as a merchant 
in the counting-house of his father, and it was then 
that he built for his son this commodious and still 
elegant old mansion-house, at that time the wonder 
of the town, which was most elaborately furnished 

At his marriage, Samuel Cutt Moffat occupied 
the mansion, doing business as a ship-owner and 


importer of poods from Eimlaiid : Imt in the sprinsi 
of the year 17(;s lie foiled in business and as a i-esult 
was eonipelled to tly from his creditors and country 
to the West Indies, to avoid the severe debtor laws 
which were at that time in force in England and 
the ('olonics. Soon after his departure his father, 
who had made him laroe advances, attached all his 
property, on which he recovered judirnient. The 
whole was subsei|uently bid in for his father, beins; 
at a j)rice hiirher than any one else would srive. 
Captain Moffat took possession of the property, in- 
cluding- the furniture, and moved from his house on 
Buck (now State) Street, into the house. Here his 
daughter-in-law, Mrs. Sanuiel C Moftat, and her 
children continued to live with him, together with 
his own daughter, Catherine, afterward the wife of 
(ieneral AVhi])ple : and here Mary Tufton, the third 
child of Sanuiel and Sarah Cathei'ine Moffat, was 
born duly S, \H'-,S. Mrs. Moffat followed her hus- 
l)and the ne.xt year, and sailed for St. Kusfatius on 
.July 1, ITC)!!, "with her oldest daughter, Elizabeth: 
but the daughter, Mary Tufton, lived with her grand- 
father until his death, and then with her aunt 
(Madam Whij)ple) until she married Dr. Nathaniel 
Appleton llaven, at the aixe of eiuhteen, Api'il "J.'), 

Sanuiel Cutt Moffat, long before the death of 
his father, had removed from St. Eustatius to the 
then new Dutch settlement of Demarara, where he 
comuu'nce<l and made a good progress in a cotton 
and coffee j)lantation, from which he was fast acijuir- 
ing wealth, when he was suddenly arrested by death, 
in the vcar ITSO, his familv later returninu' here. 

Catherine. John Moffat's younger daughter, 
married Captain William Whipple, her cousin, after- 
ward (ieneral Whipple, of the Continental Army, 
who became very distinguished in the history of New 
Hampshire, and commanded the First New Hamp- 
shire Brigade in the War of the Revolution, while 
he was also a signer of the Declaration of Independ- 
ence. He later served as Judge of the Superior 
Court of New Hampshire and as a Delegate to the 
first Provincial Congress. General Whipple lived 
in the Moffat house with his father-in-law, then in 
the decline of life, and the large horse-chestnut tree 
in the yard was jilanted by him. Here Creneral 
AVhip]ile died of a disease of the heart, very sud- 
denly, November 10, 1785, aged tifty-ti\e years, 
leaving no living children or issue. Madam Whip- 
ple, his widow, survived him many years. 

Ca))tain John Moffat lived to the advanced age 
of ninety-four years, and died January -J-J, \7st\. 
For several years previous to his decease he had been 
Itoth blind and very deaf. A long litigation resulted 
in the proceedings incident to the settlement of Cap- 
tain Moffat's estate, between the executors and the 
heirs. Hon. Jeremiah Mason for the |)laintiffs, and 
Thomas L. Elwyn for the defendants. The Court 
decided that the proceedings of the executors in the 
sale of the property were illegal and fraudulent, and 
judgment was given in favor of Robert C. ^loffat, 
son of Samuel, and in the name of his attorney he 
was empowered to enter upon and take possession of 
the i)roperty. At tliis time ^ladam Whiiiple removed 
to her farm near the Plains, where she died some 
vears later. Dr. Nathaniel Ajipleton Haven soon 

after ixirthascd the estate of Eohert C. ^loffat. and 
afterward, pai'tly l)y his deed and partly by his will, 
he gave it to his oldest daughter, Maria T. Ladd, 
wife of Alexander Ladd. by the descendants of 
whom it is yet occupied. 

The architecture of this beautiful l)uilding is of 
the highest type : its spirit is that of the best which 
has been bequeathed to us from the Provincial 
period. I..arge and generous in its proportions, the 
mansion was the first of the square, three-story type 
erected in the State, of which it may be esteemed 
an unusually com])lete example. It is related that 
the lines of the hall are reproduced from those 
shown in the house occupied by Captain ^loffat's 
father in England, while the carved wooden mantel- 
piece in the parlor is a genuine bit transferred in its 
entirety from the same l)uilding, the elal)oratc flori- 
ated work upon which is attrilnited to the celebrated 
architect, Grinling Gilibons, who flourished in ItJiiii. 
Upon the walls of the hall hang excellent portraits 
in oil, representing seven generations. 

General Whipple had two slaves. Prince and 
Cuffee, l)rought from Africa prior to ITtiii, when 
they were al)out ten years of age. After General 
"Whipple's death they lived in a small house on land 
given them, at the foot of the garden, on High 
Street. Cuffee resideci here until 18;^2. Prince was 
with his master at the capture of Burgoyne, and for 
his services was given his freedom papers. 


Is situated next north of the Moffat house. The roof 
of this house, made with a double pitch, is called a 

gambrel roof. The oldest houses in the city gener- 
ally had steep roofs. The gambrels came into 
fashion as cai'ly as 1720 and went out after the 
Revolution, when the large, square, three-story 
houses with flat roofs became the rage, a great many 
being built in the city between 179(1 and LSnO. 

Rev. Noah Parker was the first Universalist 
minister in Poi'tsmouth, and for him the church in 
Vaughan Street, afterward called the Cameneum, 
was built in 1784. He moved into this house during 
the Revolution, after selling his residence on Ark 
Street, and died hei'e in 1787. 

"Adams' Annals" says "he was a black and white 
smith." The house was afterward owned and occu- 
pied by John X. Frost. 


Situated on the southwest corner of Market and 
Deer Streets. It was built and formerly occujiied 
l)v Thomas Sheafe, son of Jacob Sheafe. In 171I8, 
the ship "Mentor," belonging to ]Mr. .Sheafe. with 
John Flagg master, arrived in a short passage from 
^Martinique, where the yellow fever had been raging. 
The ship was discharging her cargo at .Sheafe's 
Wharf, which was nearly opposite his house : the 
fever was aboard and several of the workmen became 
infected. The disease spread rapidly, and during 
August and Septemlier nearly one hundred persons 
were stricken with the malady, of which fifty-five 
cases proved fatal, three of which were from the 
family of Mr. Sheafe. The district in that locality 
was deserted, and manj' families left town. A guard 



was placed around (he infected district, and all who 
died were Imried in one connnon <:ra\e in the North 
Buryin<r-o:round. Like the V)iirial of Sir John 
Moore, they were hurried off "at dead of niiiht, with 
the lantern dimly burninu'.'" 


Until a few years ajro there stood on the north- 
west corner of Deer and Market Streets a house that 
was the former residence of George A'auahan, orand- 
son of Richard Cutt. He was commissioned Lieu- 
tenant-Governor of New Hampshire in 171o, and in 
1717 was .superseded in office by Lieut. -(Tovernor 
John Wentworth. He died in December, 1724. 

In l(iil8 Mr. Vaushan was livinir here with his 
bride, the sister of Governor Belcher, of ]\Iaine. 
His son William, who was the first projector of the 
Louisburg expedition in 174.'), was born in this house 
in 1703, and died in London in 174(). The house 
desenerated into a disreputable boarding-house, and 
after a mol) of men and l)oys had broken the windows, 
the house was pulled down al)out ISiil. 

The Vaughan family tomb is at the Point of 
Graves, on the extreme westerly side. 


Prominent among the first settlers on the Pas- 
cataqua were thi'ee brothers from Wales, John, 
Robert and Richard Cutt. 

When New Hampshire, l)y action of the towns 
of Portsmouth, Dover, Exeter and Hampton, became 
separated from Massachusetts, under a provincial gov- 
ernment of their own, the commission issued by King 

(.'harles the Second, which went into effect January 
21, ICSO, named John Cutt the first President. He 
was the first connnander, in liiiKl, of the ])Viniarv 
fortification on the present site of Fort Constitution, 
which mounted eleven six-pounders in lii.SU. The 
greater part of the land now comprising the compact 
part of the city was owned by him and his Ijrother 
Richard, their holdings being the largest of any in 

The site of President Cult's house was probably 
about where the stone store on the east side of 
^Market Street now stands. The family cemetery 
was situated in his orchard, enclosed 1)V a wall of 
"lime and stone" as directed by the President's will, 
made in 1(580. About twenty-five years ago the 
I'emains were removed to a lot in the South Ceme- 
terv, on the east side, south of the pond, where the 
monuments may be seen in a good state of preserva- 
tion, the oldest inscription Ijeing on that of his first 
wife's, "1()74." Green Street now runs through 
what was President Cutt's orchard and l)urial- 

After the siege of Louisburg, in 174.i, the Cutt 
familv added an "s" to their name. Green Street 
was named for ]\Iark W. Green, a soldier of the 
Revolutionary War, who carried on a large bo,at 
building shop at its junction with Vaughan Street. 


Is situated on the east side of Market Street, near 
Russell Street. The site of this building is prol)- 
ably the spot where the house of President Cutt 
stood, and during the Revolution the custom house 

and post-office were situated liere. It was kept froin 
1778, until liis death in 17ilS, hy Eleazer Kusseii, 
who performed the duties of liotii eolleetor and })()st- 
master, it lieinnfor several years the only post-office 
in New Ilanipsliirc, the collector, at that time being 
called naval officer. Kusscll Street was named 
for him. He contril)uted to Bellvnaji's History of 
New Hampshire statistics of foreign commerce of 
Portsmouth, showing an average of over one hundred 
entrances and one hundred and fifty clearances of 
vessels each year. Sec page 1<S4. 


Previous to 1822, when the Portsmouth Bridge 
M'as l)uilt, there was a regular ferry running from 
the wharf, north of the stone store on ^Market Street, 
to llicc"s Wharf in Kittery, situated at the end of what 
was called Love Lane. The town obtained the pro- 
prietorship of this ferry in 1722, as the result of a 
suit, and let it out hy lease. After the l)uilding of 
the bridge, the ferry was practically discontinued, 
the proprietors of the bridge paying Alexander Rice 
$4,000 for his loss of the ferry. 

Some thirty years ago the CV)ncord Railroad 
was granted l)y the city the use of this water-way to 
extend their wharf over it. on condition that the 
i-ailroad during their occupancy, should keep in the 
dock of the wharf, then called Pray's AV^iarf, a good 
and safe landing stage for the acconnnodation of 
those of our ncighljors who visited us by water. 
Our city authorities should kee}) a watchful eye on 
this property. 


Built in 1S22 and incorporated in .lunc, l.S2.'i, 
with a capital of |i;;i,()(lO. That part of the bridge 
between Noble's Island and Rittery is a toll-bridge 
and is about 1,700 feet long. 'Jiii' water, for a 
greater ])art across thi' river, is over tifty feet deep 
at low tide. The craft formerly used on the river 
were, in great i)art, constructed with latteen sails, 
having sliort masts and very long yards, being- 
well calculated and esjiccially adapted for the purj)ose 
of spreading a great extent of sail, and allowing 
them to pass freely under the In-idge without hin- 
drance. A noted feature of this river in those days 
were these i)icturestjue boats, w'hich could be seen 
in considerable numbers in the busy season of local 
freighting. This latteen rig was not connnon, Ports- 
mouth l)eing about the only place in America where 
it was used, or in fact re(juired. 

Returning to Deer Street, ])assiiig th(> \'aughan 
house site, the first l)uilding of any interest is the 


The third house from Market Street, on the 
north side of Deer Street, was once a tavern with the 
sign of a deer, and from this house the street derived 
its name. It was built l)y John Newmarch, a son 
of Rev. John Newmarch, of Kittery. He was a 
merchant who lived on the site of C'cnigress Block. 
The next house on the west has on the chinniey 
on the eastern end the date 170."). This house also 
was built by John Newmarch, whose wife was a 
sister of Sir William Pepperrell. 




This old residence is in the rear f)f the hirge 
garden, the house fronting on Russell Street. It 
Avas ])uilt in 1787 l)y Captain John Collings. It 
remained almost unchanged in the family for five 
generations. Captain Collings had, it is said, a very 
intelligent house servant named Ctvsar, and by him 
the parlor was nicely finished. For many years it 
was the residence of the venerable Richard Hart, 
and one of his daughters, who married Oliver W. 
Penhallow, lived there afterward. Miss II. L. Pen- 
Iiallow, the daughter of O. W. Penhallow, gave in 
her will $1,000 to the Portsmouth Public Library 
in 1883, which was the largest legacy made to the 
library previous to the |(i,000 from the Haven sisters, 
and $.H,000 from the IMarcellus Eldredge bequest in 
1898. In the little window over the front door on 
Russell Street arc five glass bull's-eyes, and the side- 
walk is paved with Durham flag-stones, so counnon 
fifty years ago in our streets. 


On the north side of Deer Street, o]>posite 
High Street. Built by Daniel Hart, brother of 
Richard, some time before the Revolution ; and dur- 
ing that struggle Mrs. Richard Shortridge kept a 
lioarding-house here. In 1782, when the French 
fleet was in our harbor, many of tiie officers boarded 
at this house. Ricliard Shortridge was imprisoned 
by arrangements of (iov. Renning A^'entworth, as 
will be found related in the "Whitcoml) House." 

In May, l.S7(i, the house was purciiased from 
the estate of Peter Jenncss ])v a society formed for 

tiie purpose of maintaining destitute and aged women, 
under the name of "Faith Home.'' The society was 
incorporated in July, 1N77, with the title of "Home 
for Indigent Women." 

Turning soutli into High Street, the second 
dwelling on the west, with end to the street, is the 


Tiie residence of the Rev. Jabez Fitch, who suc- 
ceeded Rev. Nathaniel Rogers in his pastorate of 
the North Church in 172.^), and remained faitliful and 
profoundly resjiected until his death in 174(). Mr. 
Fitch, having natural literary ability, wrote several 
histories, including a manuscrijjt history of New 
Hampshire which is now in the library of the Mas- 
sachusetts Historical Society, Boston. The original 
solid oak sills to the house remain in a perfect state 
of preservation. Mr. Simeon Stiles, a wheelwright, 
afterward owned the house, and it is often called 
file Stiles house. 

Continuing south toward the Parade, on the 
corner of Webster Court is the 


Which was occupied l)y Daniel Webster after the fire 
ccmsumed his residence on Pleasant Street in 1813, 
until 1S17, when he removed to Boston. It was the 
third house in which he had lived in the city. The 
large addition in the rear was built by the present 

The next house on the south, standing back 
from the street, is the 




Built ]>y Dr. Nathaniel A. Haven, son of Kev. Dr. 
8anmel Haven, aljoiit 1799. lie was a graduate at 
Harvard College in 177!), and an enthusiastic- patriot. 
For several yeai's he was a physician, later a mer- 
chant, and in LS09 a Kejiresentative to Congress. 
This site is a part of the original Mason estate. The 
old "Pilgrim Oak" in the garden was without doubt 
a grown tree when the tirst settlement was made : it 
was taken down a few years ago, it being nearly 
lifeless in 1<S7;). Charles II. Ladd, who owned and 
occupied this house in 1.S57, was of the tenth gen- 
eration from .John Mason, the original grantee of 
the Pr()\ince of New Hampshire, and at that lime 
the jiroperty had never been out of the family. 

Returning to Deer Street, the tine house stand- 
ing back from the street, next west of the Jenness 
house, is the house of 


Built by him as early as \12^>. Both he, his fatiier 
and his son-in-law, Daniel Warner, wore Provincial 
Councillors. He nuirried Dorothy, a sister of Ijieu- 
tenant-Oovernor John Went worth. The house was 
owned for many years by the Parsons family, and 
more recently by the late 'William D. Fernald. 
The next house on liie west is the 


William Rice was a successful mcrclianl, who 
died in 1.S.">1, leaving his i)ro])eity in (lie care of 
trustees, who held the ])rincipal for fifty years, until 

the death of the hist daughter, iMrs. Ichabod (iood- 
win. He {)urchased the house of the Daniel Hart 
estate in 1S04. Previous to 1741, it was the prop- 
erty of .John Newmarch. A calico party was held 
here in 1<S14, when the lady relatives and friends of 
Captain Rice wei'c invited to cut from the bales of 
calico, eaptui'ed by his privateers from English 
merchantmen, all the dress patterns they could 
carry home. 


Is on till' northeast corner of Deer and Vaughan 
Streets, formerly called "Underwood's Corner." He 
was the owner of one of the I'ojie-walks which occu- 
pied the site of the Boston & Maine Station. The 
house was l)uilt about 17.iO by Michael Whidden, 
who also built the Li\ius and ]Meserve houses. 


I.,ooking from Underwood's Corner, the Livius 
house can l)e seen on the north side of Deer Street, 
in front of the Boston iSc Maine restaurant. It was 
built and occupied by ^lichael Whidden about 1750, 
and Peter Livius succeeded Whidden when he left 
the Boyd estate. Livius was educated abroad, and 
received an honorar}' degree from IIar\ard College in 
17()7. He married a daughter of John Tufton Mason, 
who was tinishing her education in Kngland, and they 
resided here, living in ct)nsiderable state, keeping 
three slaves. The house and grounds having an im- 
]iosing appearance for those times, was called the 
"AVhi'te House." 

]Mr. I^iviiis was an lu)nt)ral)le <;cntl('iuaii, Imt not 
being in .synipatliy witli tlio ])revailing- sentiment at 
tlie time ol the Revolution, lie wa.s ohlijicd to leave 
the countrv, and his goods were contiseated, his 
family Iteing obliged to procure a special permit from 
the government to folk)\v him. lie was afterward aji- 
pointed Chief Justice of (Quebec and died in P^ngland 
in 17;K">. The property fell into the possession of a 
relative of Mrs. Livius, Cti\)t. Thomas Martin, grand- 
father of the late Miss Arabella Kice, who lived in the 
Robert Rice house on Islington Street, later owned 
by Josei)h Pettigrew. She left a legacy of jiSO.OOII 
to the Rice Public Library in Kittery. 

On the southeast corner of Deer and \'aughan 
Streets are the 


More than a century ago, a stone-cutter, ISIr. 
Marble, occupied this site, and made gravestones, 
marble not then being used for this ]>urpos<>. Samuel 
Treat purchased the business and afterward removed 
it to where the "Willow Cottage," formerly so-called, 
now stands on Deer Street. Christoi)her S. Toppan. 
who lived on the corner opposite, used this site for a 
oarden. Kx-Mayor John S. Treat, a grandson of 
Samuel Treat, returned to the original locality, and 
the familiar sign, " Estalilished in ITiiS," was jjlaced 
over the door, with the wooden image of the reaper 
"Father Time" fastened above the sign. 


Is next south of the Treat linilding, and was the 
residence of Rev. Samuel Drown, who was invited 

here by the Independent Congregational Society, 
wliich had recently built a meeting-house on Pitt 
Street (now Court) on the site where the Unitarian 
chapel now stands. He accej)ted tiie invitation and 
with his family moved here from Coventry, R. I., 
arriving on July 7, 1758, and immediately began his 
l)astorate. His laiiors were faitiif ally performed and 
to the satisfaction of his congregation, until his 
death in 1770. He was grandfather of Daniel P. 
Drown, the blind ]ioet, whose Ijook, entitled "Idyls of 
Strawberry Bank" was jiublisiied in 187;-?. The 
house was l)uilt by Benjamin Moses and his brother, 
l)nth occupying it for several years, probably until 
Mr. Drown move<l into it, occupying the northerly 
part. The south half is still in possession of, and 
is the residence of a grand-daughter of Benjamin, 
the builder, jNIiss Lydia Moses, who has just passed 
her 95th birthday. 


'I'his gaml)rel-roof dwelling is the third 
from Deer Street on the east side of Vaughan Street, 
with the garden extending to School Street, and 
was built by Michael Whidden in 171)0. George 
Meserve, son of Colonel Nathaniel Meserve, lived 
here at the time of the attempted Stamp Act en- 
forcement in 17li."). At this time INIr. jMeserve was 
in England, and while there was appointed "Stamp 
Master" for New Plampshire, he not knowing the 
sentiment of the people in this country respecting 
the obnoxious Act. But on his arrival in Boston 
and finding the excitement intense and bitter, he 
resigned the otHce at once. His action, however, 



not l)ping known in Porttsnioutli, lie with Lord Bute 
!ind tilt' Devil on September l:itli were luing in 
eftigy at Ilayniarket S(|iiare. They remained there 
throuiili the day, and in the evening were earried 
through the town with mueh clamor and puliliely 
burned. The efMgy bore the inscription : 

" George, my son, you are rich in station, 
But 1 would have you serve this nation." 

A few days later, on his arrival in Portsmouth, 
he was, by the demands of the enraged populace, 
obliged to make a public resignation on the Parade. 
His commission and instructions arrived later, and 
the inhabitants, jealous of their rights and fearing 
lietrayal, assembled and demanded his documents, 
requiring another oath, more binding than the tirst. 
He gave up the commission and pa})ers to the assem- 
blage, who carried them through the town on the 
point of a sword, and later they were sent back to 
England by a shijmiaster, as a special messenger, 
sworn to deliver them safely to the English au- 
thorities, whence they came. 

The house was afterward occupied hy James 
Shcafe, later United States Senator, who married a 
daughter of Mr. Alescrve ; by Doctor X. A. Haven, 
until he Iniilt his dwelling on High Street ; ))}' Jere- 
miah Mason from ISOO to ISO.S, and by a luunber 
of other prominent men, including Daniel Webster, 
who brought his beautiful bride, rirat'e Fletcher, to 
this house and lived here until he bought the resi- 
dence on the corner of Court and Pleasant Streets. 
A sassafras tree, the largest in the State, is undoubt- 
edly as old as the dwelling. The stone steps came 
from the west end of the old State House. Robert 

Gray, father of the present owner and occupant, 
purchased the house in 1839. 

The third house from the next corner, on the 
north side of Hanover Street, standing back from 
the street, and now occupied in part as a bakery, 
is the 


It was built about 1770 by Cohmel Joshua 
Went worth, a Commissary and Navy Asent durinc 
the Revolutionary AVar, and was occupied bv him 
for many years, before he built his house on Middle 
Street, on the spot where the brick house of Doctor 
Richter now stands. In 177(i he was Colonel of the 
1st New Hampshire regiment ; a member of the New 
Hampshire Senate in 17S.5, for several years Repre- 
sentative to Congress ; and was appointed by Wash- 
ington in 1791 Supervisor for New Hampshire. The 
house was well built, having a tine garden in front. 
The originalpaper on the parlor walls remained until 
1887, when it was removed Ijy the proprietor of the 
bakery. Rev. Tobias H. Miller resided here at 
one time. He published the J^^ew IIantpi<h!ve Ee- 
positofi/ and Ohserrer, one of the tirst religious 
weeklies issued in the United States. In 1828, after 
ten volumes had been issued, he changed the name 
to ypir llaiiipNjilre OJiserrer, and continued to pub- 
lish it weekly. He was a i^artner of C.W. Brewster 
in the Pui-lfOKOiifJi Jnitrnal from 1S2.') to 1S34. 

^Midway lietween Hanover and Congress Streets, 
near the east side of Vaughan Street, formerlj^ stood 
the mansion of 



It was built ))revi()iis to 174(i liy Col. John 
Tiifton Mason, the fifth descendant from .lohn 
Mason, the oriuinal grantee of the province, who 
sold his inheritance to the title that year to twelve 
individuals for 1,50(1 j)ounds. lie had a spacious 
yard, extcndinji; from what is now Congress Street 
to Hanover Street and from Vaughan to High 
Streets, it conijjrising the whole land enihraced in 
this square, except a few front lots hetween Fleet 
and High Streets, 'i'lie iiouse, it is said, was beau- 
tifully furnished and had tajx-stried walls, the first 
embellislmuMits of this kind iu Portsmouth. 


On the west side of Vaughan Street, near 
Congress Street, in the jtassageway formei'ly called 
"Methodist Lane" and Lyceum Avenue, and on the 
site of the present livery stal)lc, formerly stood the 
building known as the Cameneum. It was built 
for a Lniversalist church in 1784, Noah Parker 
l)eing the first pastor. The building was occu])ied 
by them until they moved into the Pleasant Street 
Church in 180s. It was tiien purchased by the 
Methodists and occupied ])v them until l.s-27. It 
was altered over into a theatre and a lyceum hall 
in 188L when Rev. Dr. Burroughs iu an opening 
address gave it the name of the "Cameneum.'" 
Afterward it was owned 1)V the Portsmouth 
Musical Society. AVhen Daniel AVebster made iiis 
last visit to Portsmouth, ^May 17, 1844, he met 
his friends here for a social evening. The building 
was burned in l.S8;^. At the same time the fiames 

consiuned the century-old Pickci'iiig house fronting 
on Vaughan Street. 

On the southerly corner of Vaughan and Han- 
over Streets, with a large garden and high l)oard 
fence in front, is the 


In this house, about 1777, ( 'aiitain David Culhaii 
went to housekcei)ing with his new bride {nee Mar- 
garet Foss), whom he had just married for a second 
wife. He was a lieutenant with Elijah Hall, under 
John Paul Jones, in either the " Kanger " or the 
"Bon Homme Richard,"' when many exciting times 
were experienced and valua))le prizes captured, and 
numerous interesting anecdotes arc told of him. 

In 17r)() this pr()i)erty was deeded l)y Joseph 
Brewster to his son Josei)h : and in 17N.1-4 l)y two 
deeds Josc|ih Brewster conveyed it to his son John, 
who in the latter year deeded the property to Colonel 
Suiijily Clapp : afterward it was owned by U illiam 
Furness, and from him it was transferred to John 
Hill in isi't. 


On the north side of IIauo\cr Street , midway 
between Vaughan and Bridge Streets, is the engine 
and chemical house, formerly Lord's Chapel. It 
now bears no resemblance to the tasteful building 
erected by John M. Lord, surrounded as it was by 
well-kei)t grounds )ilanted with shrubbery and trees. 
He contril)iited liberally to the maintenance of a 
Sunday-school in this building. It was afterward 
oc<'ui)ie(l by the Free AVill Ba))tist Society. 






On the opposite side of the street from the 
Advent Church formerly stood the old 


The building, which was twenty feet by fifty 
feet, was erected in LSO') and was owned ))y a com- 
pany incorporated in 1804. In their advertisement 
the company informed the pu))lic that "This estab- 
lishment is open, from al)out JNIay 1st to October 
1st, daily, Sundays excepted, from sunrise to 10 
p. M. ; Sundays, till the ringing of the first bell for 
meeting. Keeper, Thomas Moses, whose family re- 
sides in the house. N. B. Mrs. Moses waits upon 
females. Tickets, 25 cents each or five for $1.00." 

For over sixty years the Bath House was 
maintained. The water was forced up ])y means of 
a huge pump, often by the united efforts of a family 
of four, into large tanks and boilers. The water 
came from a deep well, from the same source that 
sui)i)lied afterward the reservoir of i;3,0()0 gallons 
that the cily built on the opposite side of the street 
in the engine }'ard. The building had three rooms 
on each side, to each of which hot and cold water 
was conveyed. 

Returning to Vaughan Street, on the west 
side, opposite the Meserve house, and half standino- 
on each side of the entrance to Kaitt's Court, is 
what remains of the 


This house of entertainment was ijuilt about 
1750, by INIichael AVhidden, and for nearly a century 

it was used for dancing parties, musical festivals, 
theatres and general ainuscnients, where the elite of 
the town were wont to hold fortii in all the splendor 
of their day. It was occasionally used for church 
services, and for several years previous fo its trans- 
formation into dwellings the rooms were used for 
school purposes. Washington, while on his visit to 
Portsmouth in 1789, attended a ball here, of great 
sjjlendor, given in his honor, and in his diary he 
\vrote that it was one of the finest halls he had seen 
in the United States. He also wrote that "at half 
after seven I went to the Assembly, where there 
were al>out seventj^-five well-dressed and many very 
handsome ladies. About nine I returned to my 
quarters.'' Washington's diary was read to the pul>- 
lic for the first time in is.")!^, l)y P^dward P^verett, at 
the Temple. 

The Asseml)ly House was forty-one by sixty 
feet, fronting on the street, two stories high. The 
upper story was somewhat higher than the ground 
floor, and contained the Assembly Hall, which ran 
the length of the building on the front, was thirty 
feet wide, with two dressing rooms on the back 
side, with the orchestra over the entrance to the hall. 
The lower fioor was divided into three large rooms 
and a kitchen, with a spacious hallway twelve feet 
wide running through from the street and opening 
into a fine garden in the rear, which extended around 
the south end of the building. In this hall was the 
stairway leading to the ujjper rooms, which was 
constructed in the form of an enlresol ; ascending 
to a little more than one-half the distance was the 
mezzanine landino;, thence in a counter direction 

completing the ascent to the .second story, nearly 
over the entrance to the stairway in the lower iiall. 

In 1838, when the l)uildins>- was changed, the 
roof was entirely removed, and the upper, or hall, 
story cut down considerably. The hallway of 
twelve feet was entirel}' removed, leaving the 
Assembly House in two parts of twenty-four ]>y 
forty-one feet each, the southerly part ])eing moved 
down eight feet. This, with the twelve feet hallway 
taken out, makes Kaitt's Coiut of twenty feet, 
with parts of the Asseml)ly House standing on 
either side. The roofs, when replaced, were made 
to run from the street, while that of the Asseml)Iy 
House ran with the street, or lengthwise of the 

]\Irs. Ichabod Goodwin's interesting account of 
the hall, and reminiscences, is j)ublished in the 
Portsmouth Book, printed in 1900. 

Returning through Yaughan Street and crossing 
Deer Street, on the left hand is the 


In 1840 the Eastern Railroad was complcteil to 
Boston, it being the tirst one entering Portsmoutii 
and connecting it with the neighboring towns and 
cities by rail. An extension to Portland, called the 
Portland, Saco t^ Portsmouth Railroad, was opened 
in 18-i'2. The Portsmouth iSc Dover Railroad was 
operative in 18 7o. 

Previous to 18(53, when the present station was 
built, there stood here a wooden depot with a belfry ; 
hanging therein was a bell, which was rung previous 
to the departure of all trains. 

Before the Revolution two rojie-walks occupied 
this site, extending from Vaughan Street to the North 
Pond, they remaining in use until after the War of 
1812 ; and one of them for several years afterward 
was carried on by John Underwood, who lived at 
the corner, just above, bearing his name. It was 
here that the ropes for the seventy-four-gun ship 
"Washington" were made: and it is related that 
the mammoth rigs were conducted to the wharf on 
the shoulders of a comj)auy of eighty sailors. In 
this rope-walk on »Iidy 4, 1812, seven hundred peo- 
ple were banqueted at a public dinner. 

The freight house, at the end of Deer Street, 
was formerly the depot of the Portsmouth it Con- 
cord Railroad, which, as far as E})]iing, was opera- 
tive in 1848, and to its terminus at Concord in 1852. 
Previously an old dihipidated distillery occupied this 
site, and just across was an old windmill for grind- 
ing l)ark. On the site of H. A. Yeaton & Son's 
mill, once .stood an old tannery, ofjcrated by Jacol) 
Treadwell, and when making excavations for their 
mill foundation the old vats were found ; the bark 
mill, referred to above, was in connection with this 
industry and was situated a little to the north, near 
the car bumpers. Between this tannery and the 
l)rick machine shop, formerly the Kearsarge Mill, 
was another old tannery, conducted by William 
Parker, who lived near by, and for whom Parker 
Street was named. As early as 1703 the tanning 
business was carried on at this place, for it was 
here where Mr. I'arker located from England, after 
having married the daughter of the Earl of Derby, 
Zerviah Stanley. Returning to the east side of the 




station and crossing Vaughan Street into Russell, 
ascending to the top of the rise and turning into 
Wall Street, in olden times called Batchelder's 
Lane, near the end, at the highest part by the ledge, 
there stood many years ago an old windmill for 
grinding grain. Turning again into Vaughan Street, 
leading to the North Bridge, on the site of the 
Portsmoutli ^Milling Company's Mill, also stood an 
old tannery, removed long ago to give place to the 
present mill buildings. 


The original lot of land emlmicing this ceme- 
tery was, in 1753, i)urchased by the town for one 
hundred and tifty jtounds, on condition that it should 
be kept for a l)urial-ground, from Colonel John 
Hart, who connnanded a New Hampshire regiment 
at the Crown Point Expedition in 17.')(), and also 
at the siege of Louisl)urg in llhX, where he died. 
The land adjoining, on the west and north of the 
original "acre," was sold to the town by Dr. William 
Cutter afterward. 

Among the oldest legible inscriptions are those 
of Jotliam Odiornc, a son-in-law of Kobert Cutt, 
IT.tI, which has been renewed by his descendants, 
the Tread wells ; Richard Wibird, ITIiT), and Sarah 
Hart, 17.")7. Here may be found the toml)s of 
Gen. William Whijiple, Eleazer Russell, Dr. Hall 
Jackson, .Tonathan M. Sewall, Sheriff Packer, and 
such other prominent Portsmouth families as the 
Buckminsters, the Sheafes, Moffats and ^Mannings. 

The town powder house was formerly located 
in this cemetery. The poplars, which border the 

enclosure on the street side, are about the only ones 
left of what was the favorite street tree a century 
ago, when they were introduced by Governor Lang- 
don, in front of his residence on Pleasant Street. 


This house is situated on the east side of Maiile- 
wood Avenue, formerly Elm Street, near the North 
Bridge. It was built ))y Colonel Nathaniel ^leservc 
about 1740. His shipyard was in the rear of his 
house, and in 1741) he built the tifty-gun man-of-war 
"America" for the Royal Navy, the original model 
of which may l)e seen in the Portsmouth .Vthenieum. 
He was connnissioned colonel in the British armv, 
and was at the l)attle of Louisburg in 1745, and in 
the Crown Point Expedition in 1751! he commanded 
the New Hampshire forces. After his death in 175^(, 
at the second siege of Louisburg, the house passed 
into the possession of Peter Livius. 

Colonel George Boyd purchased the jolace about 
17li<S, and consideral)ly enlarged it. He had a tine 
large garden, which extended to the present site of 
the Boston iSc Maine Station. It was an elal)orate 
affair, and from its luunerous outljuildings and pecu- 
liar decorations received the cognomen of the " White 
Village." Colonel Boyd took no part in the stirring 
times of the Revolution, but retired to England, 
where he remained until after peace was declared 
between the United States and Great Britain, and 
on returning he died at sea two days before reaching 
home, in 17.S7. He brought with him a monument, 
now to be seen resting over his grave in the North 




Ill tlio year 1(S32 (Tcorijo Kayncs lioiijilif tlic 
yard, iiiul there up to 1<S')5 l)uilt between sixty and 
seventy vessel.s. The largest was tlie " Wcl)ster,"" 
built in IS');!, which measured 1,727 tons. In the year 
18(H) thci'e were enrolled in Portsmouth, beion<>ini>' 
principally to resident merchants, twcnty-cijj:ht ships, 
forty-seven brigs, thirteen schooners, and twenty 
coasting vessels: and SS9,()()0 were collected in cus- 
toms at this port. In ISdO thirty shi|)s and sixty-four 
schooners, aggi'egating o.^OOO tons, were enrolled. 
Between ISOO and 1.S40, 4()() vessels were l)uilt on 
our river: between 1S40 and LS')0, T^ vessels: and 
between l.s.")0 and 18ii(t, IHi vessels were l)uilt at the 


By a compact with the town, Peter Livius, in 
17()4, \\'as granted the right to build a bridge across 
the mouth of Islington Creek, to be made toll free, 
twenty feet wide, with thirty feet to l)e a lifting- 
bridge, permitting vessels to pass through, and with 
rtood-gates of the same width, upon condition that 
he be allowed the exclusive right to dam the creek 
for mill purposes. The late B. P. Shillabcr graph- 
ically pictures it : 

" Then Mr. Peter Livius, by granting of the town, 
Dammed up the creek called Islington, 
And laid the mill-liridge down. 
Connecting worldly Strawberry Bank with peaceful Christian 

Shore ; 
And built the mill we recollect in dusty days of yore." 

The Livius or North Mill, was built the same year. 
The bark-mill and tannery, built later, have been 
remodeled, but the old grist-mill and the wooden 

bridge were removed a few years ago, and the stone 
bridge built by tlw city. 

In the second story of the small building at the 
northwest end of the bridge was the jn'inting room 
of Alljert W. Ham, who for several years printed 
books for the eccentric John Elwyn, who furnished 
him with a complete outtit, paying him extra wages, 
and at the conclusion of the work presented him with 
the whole printing plant. We (|Uote from one of his 
pamphlets : " I kept only mie gentleman at work 
in a little out-house of his own, all by himself ; 
would he be worth rioii' a many of guineas to some 
l)ook man in the States, Mr. All)ert William Ham of 
Portsmouth in Xew Hampshire." 

After crossing the bridge, on the northwest 
corner of Maplewood Avemie and Dearborn Street 
is the 


In about 1700 Timothy Waterhouse, a tanner 
by trade, built this house, which was situated about 
one-fourth of a mile beyond and north from the 
old Ham mansion at Freeman's Point, then called 
Ham's Point, on land granted William Ham in 
1(552. The house remained on its original site until 
about 17(35, when it was removed to its present 
location above referred to. The cellar to the house 
when at the Point may yet be seen. 

About 1725 there was living in this house a 
merry family of six girls and three boys, and when 
their parents were absent they made the most of 
life. It is related that at one time the parents were 
absent for the night, and when the young people's 




sport was iit its height there came a knock at the 
door, which caused the singing and merriment to 
cease. Finally Margaret, the oldest, led the way 
to the door, hut on opening it she saw a white figure 
with a hlack face that she took to he Satan himself, 
and she fainted. The ai)i)arition proved to be the 
faithful old negro slave of Nathaniel Jackson, 
who had come in a snow-storm to get his master's 

The old front door, which iiangs and swings on 
its ponderous hinges, is the same which ojiened and 
closed for those who entered and departed from 
these ancient portals two hundred years ago. Dr. 
Benjamin Waterhouse, a professor in Cambridge, 
and grandson of Timothy Waterhouse, was the first 
to introduce vaccination into this country, ojierating 
successfully upon his own son in 1800. 

The second street on the east from the bridge 
is Northwest Street, formerly Jackson Hill Street, 
which name should be restored as Northwest is a 
misnomer. At the to)) of the hill is the 


With its sharp roof nearly reaching to the ground. 
So far as known this is the oldest house in the city. 
The frame is of oak, and the timbers for the sills 
project into the lower rooms, having afforded con- 
tinuous seats for six generations of Jacksons. 
Twenty-six acres of land were owned here by 
Richard Jackson, who built this house in l(ifi4, and 
it is yet in possession of descendants of the original 
owner. The house fronts on the river, as was the 

custom in tlie early Colonial days, when roads were 
few and forests extensive ; the rivers and creeks 
were then generally used as highways. No building 
has l^een drawn and photographed more frequently 
than this interesting relic of Colonial architecture ; 
artists and camera fiends will hardly recognize the 
front view taken of the house, which is as it 
appears from the river side. 

Keturning to ]\Iaplewo(»d Avenue (formerly 
North Koad) and })assing the Franklin schoolhouse, 
and turning to the west into Prospect Street, on the 
hill at the bend of flie street is the 


This is the second house erected on Christian 
Shore, and was built in 1()80, by John Dennett, who 
came here in Kili.s. The house faces towards Den- 
nett Street, which was named in his honor, and in 
early times his land extended to the shores of the 
North ^lill Pond. The dwelling was constructed in 
a substantial manner, the lower part ])eing l)uilt 
throughout of square timl)ers. During the Revo- 
lutionary War the house was owned by Ephraim 
Dennett, whose widow in later years, after a court- 
ship savoring a little of the romantic, married Judge 
Plummer, of Rochester, the two living happily 
together for many years, he dying at the advanced 
age of ninety years. The house was at one time 
known as the "Bee Hive." 

Returning to jSIajjlewood Avenue and turning 
to the north of the Jones three decker, and just 
beyond, on the east side on the terraced hill, is the 


Edward Ciitt^, a st)ii of Captain Saiuucl Ciitts, 
of Portsmouth, who was a iiicurliant of considcral)k' 
l)rominencc in the early part of tlie last century, 
built this house al)out 1810. Hampden, a son of 
Edward, lived here for several years, and in 1833, 
the place l)cing sold, he moved out of town. Since 
then it has had various owners and occupants. 

The road jjassing the Cutts house on the north 
leads to Freeman's Point, recently sold to a corpo- 
ration, who are at the present doinji' a large amount 
of work prei)aratory to the erection of a series of 
extended i)aper mills. 


Is about three-(juarters of a mile beyond the Cutts 
house, at the junction of Maplewood Avenue and 
Woodbury Avenue (formerly Creek Road), both of 
which avenues are bordered with thrifty maple trees. 
Originally the land about this house was the 
proi)erty of Theodore Atkinson, whose estate, at the 
time of his death, passed into the possession of his 
son, Hon. George Atkinson, and at his death, in 
1790, it descended to the related family of Spar- 
hawk. Hon. Frank Jones purchased the estate from 
the late Charles E. Myers, and now the premises 
embrace an area of more than one thousand acres, 
which is called "Maplewood Farm." The beautiful 
grounds and handsomelv laid avenues, with the nu- 
merous conservatories, ornamental ]ionds, artistic 
statuary and botanic gardens, with that of the ex- 
tensive farming, on the most improved methods, 

make this not only an interesting, but a pleasant 
jilacc to \isit. 

Maplewood Avenue leads into liic Xewinglon 
Koad, and turning through the tirst gate on tiie east, 
after jiassing the residence of Frank .Jones, the lane 
leads to the 


This place was originally owned by PresidtMit 
John e'utt, and in his will, dated May C, ICSO. he 
provided that his beloved wife, Frsula (his second 
wife), "Shall have ye use of that lan<l at ye Pulpit 
which I have given to my son Samuel, till he 
comes to age ; and may improve so much of it as 
she meet, and l)uild upon it if she i)lease, and shall 
have ye benetit of it during her natural life, and 
then both ye land and all ye improvemenls and 
building shall return to my son, Samuel Cutt." 

President Cult died the next year and his wife 
went to reside at the Pul|)it farm. And here the 
lady of the tirst President of New Hampshire lived 
hajipily situated, with her many improvements, in 
considerable elegance, for thirteen years. 

The ])resent house was undoubtedly built li\' 
Ursula Cutt, between HWl and 1().s.t. The cliinnu'\- 
is over twelve feet square at its base, and is con- 
structed of stone to the top of the cellar. It is 
four feet square in the attic and a little smaller above 
the roof. In what was probably the silling room is 
a large Hreplace nine feet broad. The timbers in 
the dwelling appear as sound as the day the house 
was built. ^Nlrs. Cutt probably had tiie house claii- 
boarded, for when some of them were removed from 


B. POKls\l''l 111 *_ 1 M lAK.M. 

:i part of the Imildiiii;-, in 1879, the oriiiinal Ixiards 
underneath were found painted red. No one knows 
tiie age of the small wooden clierii))inis over tlie front 
door, l)ut Hon. Ieluxl)od Bartlett (a Kepresentati\ e 
to Congress in 1823 to 1829), the owner tirst suc- 
ceeding the Cutts family, stated that they were there 
long heforc his day, and it is reasonable to believe 
that Madam Ursula herself had them jilaeed there. 
The design, very evidently, represents the arti.stic 
taste of woman's genius. The small extension on 
the west end was l)uilt within a few years by the 
late Mark H. Wentworth, the heirs of whom are the 
present owners. The interior of the house remains 
nearly as tirst ])uilt. 

On the night of -Tuly 17, 1(U(4, the Indians 
in great numbers amlnished themselves near the 
settlement, across and up the river, for an early 
attack on the inhabitants in the morning. At the 
dawn of day the war-whoop was sounded, and the 
savages rushed with overwhelming force upon the 
settlement. A terrible l)attle ensued, in which 
nearly one hundred persons were killed and ca|)- 
tured, and about twenty buildings burned. The 
savages retired, taking with them their prisoners and 
the scalps of those they had killed. 

A party of the Indians crossed the river, and 
came down to this ])lace and made a bloody attack 
on Madam Cutt, killing her, with three of her hired 
men who were at work in the hay-field. The 
Indians finding it difficult to remove the jewels from 
her lingers, cut off her hands and l)()rc them away : 
taking the scaljis of all. Iler maid escaped in a 
boat to the town, w here she oave the alarm : 

the Indians were pursued, but they were not over- 

Keturning southerly toward the city, and at 
the Jones residence into Woodbury Avenue, and 
turning into Myrtle Aveiuie, on the southerly side 
is the 


In 1833 the Thomas Sheafe farm of l(i.5 acres 
was purchased, and the present almshouse was 
erected the next year, the land and buildings costing 
|!32,000. Rev. Dr. Burroughs delivered an address 
at the opening of this building, Deceinl)cr 1."), 1834, 
which was reprinted in the J\tr/siiioiif/i Jonnuil in 
December, 1S87, l)y which it api)eai's that the town 
voted April it, 1711, that an almshouse ])e built, 
and in 171l! it was in use. It was situated on the 
site of ^Nlusic Hall on Chestnut Street, and was the 
tirst l)uilding of the kind erected in this country, or 
in any country. It was not until 1.S23 that an act 
was passed in England to establish workhouses. 

In 1755 a new workhouse was built on the site of 
the old Court House, on Court Street. The town also 
had their offices in this building. The old house 
then went into disuse and was sold. In ISlill a 
county almshouse was established at Brentwood, 
and since then only the city dependents have l)een 
sent to this place, the greater part of the farm hav- 
ing been sold. Ex-rjovernor (ioodwin, in his sjn'cch 
at the opening of Langdon Park in 1S7(!, related 
the contest over the location of the almshouse, the 
minority favoring Langdon Park. 


Is on the hill east of the almshouse. It was huilt 
previous to 173") l)y Samuel Sherhurne, who died in 
17(i5, unmarried, and in his will gave the house to 
his nephew, Colonel Samuel Sherliunie. The estate 
passed out of the family some thirty years auo. 

Henry Sherhurne, the ancestor of the Sherhurne 
families in this section, came to the Pascatacpia Col- 
ony with the first settlers in Ki^l. lie was identi- 
fied with the first Ei)iscopal Chapel, lieing one of 
its wardens in 1(140. The name of Sherhurne is 
prominently connected with the early history of 
Portsmouth, as the following will show : The Hon. 
Henry Sherhurne, Jr. (Judge Sherhurne), was 
born April 4, 17011. He was great-grandson through 
Henry (born 1(174) and Samuel (born liI.'S.S) of the 
first American ancestor, Henry Sherburne ( l)orn 
1()11), who emigrated from Hampshire, Knghiiul, 
to the Pascata(jua in l(iol, who was the second son 
of Joseph Sherburne, of Odiham, Hampshire (died 
1(!21), who was the lineal descendant in a younger 
branch, through Henry (born lf)55), of Oxford: 
Hugh (born 15;)4), of Haighton ; Richard (Itorn 
1510), of Bayley and Haighton; Richard (born 
1488), of Wiswall, the second son of Sir Richard 
Sheiliurne, Knight, of Stonyhurst, in the town of 
Haighton, Lancashire (born 14(i.')). .Judge Sher- 
burne married (October 2, 1740,) Sarah, daughter 
of Daniel and Sarah (Hill) A\'arner, of I'ortsmoutli. 
He graduated at Harvard College in 1728: was 
Clerk of the Courts of the Province from 1729 to 
1739, and from 1745 for twenty-one years Rejire- 
sentative from Portsmouth in the Provincial Assem- 

bly-, of which he was Speaker the last ten. He was 
Delegate to the Colonial Congress at Albany in 
1754 : in 17(!5 was made Chief Justice of the Supe- 
rior Court, and in 17(i(; was made a member of His 
Majcstj-'s Council for the Province. 

On the west side of AV'()odl)urv Avenue, behind 
a dense growth of trees, is the 


\\'hich was l)uilt by Cajjtain Samuel 11am in 1809. 
When the house was completed, he celebrated the 
event by giving (juite an elaborate recej)tion to his 
friends and neighbors. At its conclusion, and after 
his guests had all departed, he went into one of the 
upper chambers, and for some unknown reason com- 
mitted suicide, In' hanging. 

In 1819, when tlie lion. Levi Woodbury eanie 
to Portsmouth, he j)urchased this estate. Mr. 
Woodl)ury was a nati\e of Francestown, and was 
born in 1789. In after years, he held more promi- 
nent offices than any New Hampshire man. In 1823 
and 1824 he was Governor of the State ; from 1825 
to 1831, a LTnited States Senator: in 1831, Secre- 
tary of the Navy; in 1834, Secretary of the Treas- 
ury under President Jackson, and in 1841 was 
appointed Judge of the United States Supreme 
Court and served for ten years. He was always a 
leading Democrat, and was a possible, and very 
proliable. c;indidate for the Presidency at the lime of 
his death in 1851. His son, the genial lawyer, 
Charles Levi Woodbury, of Boston, owned the 
house until his recent death. C)ne daughter married 
Postmaster-General Montgomery Blair, and another. 

Assistant Secretary of the Xavv, Gii:?tavus V. Fox. 
The Boyd Koad. running westerly on the north 
side of the A\"oodliury mansion, was formerly the 
way l»y which one t-ould reach 


The Portsmouth Aijueduot Company was one 
of the first companies of the kind organized in the 
countrv. ( )n N<iveml>cr 27, ITi'T. a petition was 
sent to the Leuishiture of Xew Hampshire l>y the 
following citizens, praying that they should he in- 
cor[>orated as the Pinlsiiniuth A'jueihirf C'oiiijxnt;/, 
for the jiurpose of bringing the water from Foun- 
tain Head into Portsmouth : Samuel Hill. Thomas 
Chadltourne. .Tamos Sheafe. AViiiiam Boyd. .Tosei>h 
Whii)ple. Daniel Kindge Rogers. John .'^. Sher- 
burne, Keuhen Sliapley, Joshua Brackett. John 
Fisher. Ammi K. Cutter. John Goddard. Xathaniel 
A. Haven, Eliphalet Ladd. John Peirce. Daniel 
Rindge, .Samuel Drowne, John Clark. The charter 
was granted Deceni')er lil, 1797. They purchased 
the "Warm Springs," so-called, at the Oak Hill 
farm. al)0ut two and one-half miles from Mar- 
ket .Sjuare. which were afterward known as " Foun- 
tain Head." The water was l»rought into town by 
gravity in wooden logs in 171>lt. and two hundred 
and fourteen houses and stores sup])lied with water. 

The reservoir on Dover Street was Imilt in 
l>i52. and owing to the increased demand for water, 
a spring near the Concord Railroad was added in 
Istiii ; and again, in 187.'>, a larger supply was pro- 
cured from the Scott farm to the westward. In 18!»1 
the city purchased the Aqueduct shares, paying ^l,.iOO 

per share, and put in the high-water service, the 
standpipe lieing erectetl near the jiowder house. 

The excellent quality of the water supplied by 
these springs, as returned by strict chemical analy- 
sis, is famous throughout New England, and all 
visitoi-s partaking of the delicious Huid. so abun- 
dantly jxjured forth at its source, pronounce it most 
refreshing. To the pure spring water of Ports- 
mouth, may l)e traced beyond a doubf. the remark- 
able record of its j>eople forgreat liealthfulness. and 
one of the many attractive features to the summer 

Continuing south on Wo<xlbury Avenue and 
following the curving street, on the west is the 
EIdre<lge Brewing Company, on the site of which 
from l.soti to 1«53 stood the 

During thixe y<;ar< it manufactured annually about 
2.>,0<>i» dozen shirts, drawers and hose. On Febru- 
ary 21, lt>.")9, the selectmen gi-anted leave to John 
Cult to build a saw-mill and corn-mill "on the creek 
leading up to the fresh marsh." With this grant was 
the condition that he was to grind corn for the towns 
people whenever required : also permission was given 
to cut oak and pine timber for the saw-mill. These 
mills remained until all the availalile growth in this 
vicinity had l>een removed, and the Livius mills, at 
the lower end ot the creek, were built, when they 
were abandoned. At this time, quite a settlement 
was collected here and called "Islington." hence, the 
former name of " Islington Creek." Richard Cutt. in 
his will of lt>7.5. srave the corn-mill, situated near the 

duui, to his wife. Tiic ri'iiiains uf the old dam are 
yet visible, west of the brewery. 

On the east side of Bartlett Street, northeast of 
the grade crossing, there stood until about twenty 
Acars ag(j the 

Occupied by Asa Hani, whose name eontain<'d 
but four different letters. This was one of the old- 
est houses in the town. When it was cut down 
from a two-story building, in between the timbers 
large quantities of stone and stubble were found, 
placed there, probably, to make it proof against any 
savage attacks, and undoubtedly was built as a gar- 
rison house. The date of its erection is not known. 
In the cellar were wide doors, provided, no doubt, 
for admitting the large hogsheads of molasses and 
rum which were stored here from vessels then con- 
ducting a promising West India trade. In those 
days vessels could come up the creek to this place 
and discharge their cargoes at the very door. 

Turning westerly from Bartlett Street between 
the railroad tracks, and turning near the electric 
car barn and ending on Islington lioad, is 


Previous to 1792 this was a part of the cir- 
cuitous road to the Plains. The lane derives its 
name from the Frenchman, named John Dushan, who 
was robbed and murdered on the night of October 
23, 1778. At the time of the murder a large 
number of French officers, marines and sailors 
were in town from the vessels which were anchored 
in the harl)or. Thev used the fresh-water stream. 

by the old slocking factory, as a place for doino- 
their washing, cooking their soups, dainty dishes, 
etc., made from the tish and game, which was quite 
abundant : and undoubtedly these fellows, at times, 
held high carnival in this vicinity. The l)ody of 
Dushan was found in the morning lying on a Hat 
rock at the bend of the lane, probably that near 
where the ^Nlorley Button Factory now stands. He 
was buried with considerable pomp, but the per- 
l)etrators of the crime were never apprehended. 

When the Sons of Portsmouth held their tirst 
reunion, on July 4, l.S.').!, the greater part of them 
were landed here from the tars, and marched to the 

Turning from Frenchman's Lane weslerlv, jiass- 
ino- the 

on the left, which was built in \S]], after the old 
powder house in the North Cemetery was ))ronounced 
dangerous, and going directly l)y the site of the old 
garrison house on the knoll, and over a few rods of 
level, you reach the 


In this neighborhood, in the early days of the 
colonization, tlicre was quite a settlement, and 
in 171(i the General Assemlily of the Province made 
a grant to Thomas Westbrook, to kee]i the only 
public house at the Plains, in consideration that he 
should lay out six acres of land for the accom- 
modation of drawing up the militia of the town. 
At a later period Joseph Akerman deeded one acre 
of land at the Plains to the town. 





The most murdci-ous attack by the Indians that 
our local history records occurred here on the morn- 
ing of June 2(3, ll>9(!. They Inirned live houses 
and nine barns, and killed fourteen people; in the 
desperate struggle several others were severely 
wounded, while a numl)er were made prisoners and 
taken away in their retreat through (Ireat Swamp. 
The inhal)itants, who were unaccompanied, were 
mostly killed or taken prisoners, Init those who kept 
together, in the main, succeeded in reaching the gar- 
rison house, the site of which is on the little knoll 
of rocks ()()U feet northerly from the old yiierljurne 
house, on the westerly side of Islington Koad. 
The well of the garrison house was filled up liy 
Andrew Sherburne, who pointed out its location to 
the writer ; it is about seventy-tive feet westerly of 
the site of the garrison house. As soon as the attack 
l)y the Indians was known in the town, a train-l)and 
under Captain Shackford was sent out to intercept 
them in their retreat. They overtook the savages 
while breakfasting in the woods, at what is since 
known as "Breakfast Hill," at the junction of Lafay- 
ette and Greenland Roads. The soldiers fell u])on 
them and recovered the prisoners and the plunder, 
but the Indians made a hasty escape. Mrs. Mary 
Brewster was severely wounded and left for dead, 
her scalp having been entirely removed frt)m her 
head, but she recovered and afterward became the 
mother of seven children, from whom most of tlie 
Brewster families in this vicinity have descended. 
The cellar of the Brewster house is still visible, 
although nearly tilled Math rubbish, in the dense 
bushes 750 feet east of the schoolhouse, and on 

a line with the eastern fence of the Evans house, 
on tile Middle Koad. 

The only road to the Plains, from the town, was 
formerly through Frenchman's Lane into Spiiine}''s 
Lane, and then midway lietween Islington and 
Middle Roads, passing by the Brewster house. The 
higiiway, now known as Islington Road, was opened 
in 1792, and jNIiddlc Koad a short time after. Until 
within a few years the Plains was the favored ]ilace 
for holding the old-time musters and military 
exercises, and no douT)t many interesting incidents 
have occurred here, long ago forgotten. 

In the old early days of sla\ciy, Portsmouth 
had a hundred and titty or more of these human 
cliattcls, and it was here where they used to meet 
each year to choose their mock king, and hold high 
carnival unrestrained. In the records of St. John's 
Lodge, the Plains tavern in 17()8 was called "King- 
George's Tavern," and from 1773 to 1839 the " (ilolie 
Tavern." The settlement in 172.i was sufficiently 
large to induce them to l)uild for themselves a meet- 
ing-house. The building remained for nearly twenty- 
tive years, when in 1748 it was destroyed by a gale. 
The old meeting-house stood on what is now the 
northerly side of Middle Road, on the corner where 
it enters the Plains ; the old road passed it on the 
north side. 

In the engraving lettered D, at the extreme 
left under the figure 1, is the old garrison well ; at 
figure 2, on the knoll near the crest, by the ledge 
on the westerly side of the drive, is the site of 
the garrison house, in which the frightened inhab- 
itants sought refuge from the savages, on that 

torrililc inoniiiii;' in .Time. Iti'.Hi. At tiirurc .">, scon 
lievond the, large tree in tiic licld, on tho liigli 
iii'ound, a few feet east of tiie stone-wall, is the 
old Brewster cellar. A roselmsli yet remains lo 
mark the spot of a onee Hourishino- garden, and 
each year sends forth its annnal l)lo()m, as fresh 
as when cared for by the hands which nurtured it 
more than two centuries ago. The old " King- 
George's Tavern" is at the extreme left, in letter -V 
view, and has stood here, prolialily, luore than one 
hundred and tifty years, and home witness to the 
scenes here enacted. 


This large gambrel-roof house is situated on 
the road leading south from the Plains, and was 
built about 1740, by Colonel Thomas Westbrook, 
whose daughter married Secretary Richard Waldron, 
born in r()94, and the son of Colonel Kichard 
Waldron, President of the Province of New Hamp- 
shire, succeeding John Cutt. At first he established 
his residence at the old homestead in Dover, later 
moving to Portsmouth, settling at the Plains. He 
was ajipointed Collector in 1728, and Secretary Of 
the Province very soon afterward. His residence 
at the Plains was destroyed by tire in 174."), with 
the probate court and other valuable public records 
in his keeping. He then moved into this house, 
furnishing it in the most modern style of the 
time, where he lived until his death in 1753. The 
house was built with taste and elegance for those 
da}s, and remains very nuich as it was originally 
constructed, more than one hundred and sixty years 

ago, with the exception, that the large porch on the 
east side was removed several years since. After 
the death of the Secretary, the house passed into the 
jjossession of the Moffat family, and here Madam 
Whipple resided, after moving from the jNIoffat 
house on ]\Iarket Street, in 1811, until her death, 
several years later. Afterward the projierty was 
owned l)y the Elwyns, and by them sold to Josejih 
O. Ham, who now resides here. 


Three and a half miles beyond the Plains and 
half a mile beyond Greenland village, and north of 
l)ut near the main road, is a plastered l)rick house 
of which Brewster says in his "Rambles": "The 
oldest house now standing, built in Portsmouth, is 
the ([uaint brick house on the Weeks farm in Green- 
land. This is no blunder, although it may seem 
like one, for at the time that house was built, Green- 
land was a part of Portsmouth." 

No written record of the year this house was 
built has been found, but the "Weeks family, of long- 
ago, dates the time of its erection as 1G38. If this 
is correct, there is but one house in New England 
which antedates the AVceks house, that being the old 
Craddock mansion in Medford, ^lass., which is said 
to have l)ecn l)uilt in ll!o4. The general architec- 
tural design of the body of the two ancient structures 
and their chimneys are almost identical. Leonard 
Weeks, son of John, was born in ll!39, and in l(i(!2, 
and at odd times later, he held several minor town 
offices, but we are not able to find that he was ever 
one of the selectmen of Portsmouth, as stated in 




several publications. At three different times he 
was granted lands, in all aniountinn; to iifty-two 
acres. Among his children was Samuel, Ixn-n in 
1670, and from him the present heirs of the farm are 
descended. The late Robert B. Weeks died in ISltS, 
and the place goes at his wife's decease to his nejihew, 
John W. Weeks, being of the seventh generation. 

This ancient dwelling is situated on the old 
highway to Exeter, near its junction with the new 
road, which, by the way, was built more than a 
century ago. The house is twenty-two by thirty- 
six feet, and the l)ricks of which it is constructed 
were burned in the door-yard. The timbers are 
hardwood throughout the liuilding, and in the main 
are large and massive. The walls are eighteen 
inches thick in the lower story, and eight and one- 
half feet high, the upper story being six inches 
lower. Originally the windows were of the ancient 
type, being small diamond-shajied glass set in lead. 
The house was probaI>ly built as a kind of garrison, 
with a view of safety from Indian incursions. In 
the west end of the house is a long rent, the effect 
of an earth(|uake in 1755. 

Keturning to tiie creek, and continuing easterly 
on Islington Street, which was named by an Eng- 
lishman from Islington near London, where John 
(xilpin's famous ride took place, and ])assing several 
old houses without especial historical interest, Corn- 
wall Street is reached, and the little connnon ojjpo- 
site, with the monument, is 


In 1887 the heirs of the late Ichaliod Goodwin 

sold the Goodwin tick! at a nominal price, condi- 
tional that it should always be kept as a iniblic jjark. 
It was purchased by the Eldredge family and pre- 
sented to the city. 

The Soldiers" and Sailors' Monument was erected 
iu 1888, by popular subscri])tion, the dedication tak- 
ing place on pTuly 4th of that year, the orator of the 
occasion being the Hon. Charles Levi Woodbury. 


On the corner of Islington and Cornwall Streets, 
was erected in 1811, and purchased by Cajitain 
Goodwin in 1832, soon after he had retired from 
active sea life. He was frequently elected to the 
Legislature, and served as the first War Governor of 
New Hampshire during the trying days of 1859-(U, 
lifting out the First and Second Regiments of New 
Hampshire A'olunteers. 

He was largely interested in shipping, banking 
and railroads, serving as president of the Eastern 
Railroad in New Hampshire, and the Portland, Saco 
i^ Portsmouth Railroad contiiniously for twenty- 
five years. 

In October, 18(i7, his daughter Susie was mar- 
ried in this house to George Dewey, then a lieuten- 
ant in the navy, now "Admiral George Dewey." 


On the east side of the park, was moved from the 
South End. It was the residence of the late Andrew 
Ilaliburton, who was born in No\a Scotia in 1771, 
and was a cousin of Judye Ilaliburton, author of 


"Sam Slick, the Clockniakor." In 1791 he came to 
PortsiJiouth, and was apj)ointed Deputy Colleetor, 
and afterward for thirty years held the ottice of 
cashier of the Portsmouth Bank. He died in 184(5. 

His first wife was Elizabeth Underwood. Be- 
ing an invalid, the doctor advised her to pass the 
sunmier in the country. Her father, John Under- 
wood, owned this property, as well as the (roodwin 
field. She improved so much in the little one-story 
house, that they decided to enlarge and live in it. 
Mr. Halihurton's second wife was a daughter of 
Ca))tain Thomas Manning. 

The old house was moved again in liKH to 
Eiwyn Avenue, and tinally, after a pilgrimage of 
more than one hundred years, returns to a spot not 
far distant from where it originally stood, prol)al)ly 
over one hundred and fifty years lief ore. 


Near the foot of Langdon Street (which was 
tirst Rock Street and later Ann Street), next to the 
last house on the westerly side, stands a diminutive 
one-story dwelling, end to the street, and almost 
hidden from view by other and larger l>uildings. 
This little house was the I)irthplacc and boyhood 
home of the late Benjamin P. Shillaber, the genial 
humorist, whose creations, "Mrs. Partington" and 
"Ike," gave so much amusement to thousands of 
American readers in years gone l)y. This was the 
"little house by the river" occupied by his jiarents, 
for the waters of the North Mill-pond then came u]) 
to the foot of the good-sized garden, which had 
room for apple, \h'hv and fruit trees, currant and. 

gooseberry l)ushes, flower l)eds and vegetable patches. 
Here, too, lived the late Captain Robert Shillaber, 
the "My Brother Bol)" of the Partingtonian writ- 
ings, and here, later, lived and died an aunt of the 
"Shillal)er boys," who was always understood by 
INIr. Shillaber's friends to be the )irototyj)e of the 
innnortal "Mrs. Ruth Partington, widow of the late 
Corporal Paul," and one of whose descendants now 
owns and occuj)ies the house. 


Nearly oiiposite Brewster Street, t)n the south 
side of Islington Street, is the house built in 1817 
and long occupied by the late Charles W. Brewster, 
editor of the Porfsmoulli Journal, until his death in 
18.59. He spent many years gathci'ing the exhaust- 
ive material for his "Rambles About Portsmouth." 
He was a descendant of Elder William Brewster, 
who came over in the "Mayflower." 


Is on the north side of Islington Street, opposite 
Summer. On Congress Street, I)etween the North 
Church and Fleet Street, on the glebe land, and 
)irobal)ly adjoining the lot of Thomas Phijips, 
the flrst schoolmaster, was built, in l(iS)9, the tirst 
jail in Portsmouth. It was a structure fourteen by 
thirty feet, strongly l)uilt with heavy logs. On the 
southerly corner of Porter and Chestnut Streets 
another was l)uilt in 1759. The liuilding was made 
of s(|uare-hewed fiml)er of oak. lined on the inside 
with solid planlv and covered wilii iron l)ars. A 
dwelling-house was annexed to it. When the 

li. p. SllILLAUER 


■Woodliiirv Lniigdoii 1k)Usc, <iii llic silo of llic Kuck- 
iniihiiiii House, was desli'iiyi'd liy lire, in ITS], the 
jail also was coiismiied. 

This, tlic islinatoii Street jail, was Imilt in 
1782, immediately alter tlic destnielion of the old 
one, hut the stone annex was added some titty years 
afterward. One hundred years ago, in front of this 
jail, there remained aftixecl a set of staples in whieh 
the unruly inmates were stra|)])ed and severely lashed, 
aeeordinii' to the degree of their offense, on their liare 
backs with a cat-o'-nine-tails, until they liegged for 
mercy. This jail was abandoned after the new one 
on Penhallow Street, in the rear of tiie new Court 
House, was built in liSlil. 

Turning from Islington Street to tiie left, at 
the end of Pearl Street is the Portsmouth Machine 
Slmi), formerly tli(^ 


And afterward the Kearsargc INIills. Tiiis factory 
site is where the residence of Nathaniel Adams, the 
author of the "Annals of Portsmouth," was formerly 
situated, his grounds extending to Islington Street. 
The dwelling-house of Dr. F. K. Potter is situated in 
what was the orchard of ]Mr. Adams, and the Doc- 
tor states, that the apple trees in his yard are the 
same that were there when the "Annalist" owikmI 
the property. Pearl Street was also taken out of 
the estate. 

Pi'evioiisly this ])rop(M'ty was owned by 
William Paiker, a gentleman from England, who 
married Zerviali Stanley, a daughter of the Ivirl of 
Derb\-, contrary to the wishes of her father, and 

came to this country in 17n,"). One of his sons, 
^Villiam, was an eminent lawyer and liecame .ludge 
of the Superior ('(Jiirl. John, another sou, was the 
father of the lirst I'niNersalist minister in I'orts- 
mouth. lke\-. Xoah Parker. The daughter. Eliza- 
beth Parker, married Captain Nathaniel Adams, the 
father of the "Annalist." The first A\'illiani Parker 
and his wife (Zerxiah Staidey) were liuried in these 

The Portsmouth Steam Factory purchasi'd the 
jjroperty in 1S45. In 1847 the roof i)lew off in a 
high gale, and a part of it landed on the brick barn 
in the rear of the Rice house on Islington Street. 
The capital of the company was S.'kiO.IKKI and it 
employed nearly four hundrt'd persons. At lirst 
lawns were manufactured, and in 18(i:'> the manu- 
facture of spool cotton was introduced. Afterward 
the mill was sold and the purchasers nanu'd it the 
" Kearsarge Mills." It was nearly destroyed by tire 
in 1880, and afterward remodeled and us(>d as a 
machine shoji. 

On the northeast corner of Islington and 
Parker Streets is the 


Which was built by Daniel Kemark, or Remick, and 
others in KiiHI. When this house was being re- 
]iaired in 18,'il one of the timbers was removed, and 
upon it was found marked the names of " HanicI 
Remark. John Thom))son, — Holmes, ,1. Thomson, 
— .Stephens, John '{"hoiuas. IOIh;." At the same 
time a jug of wine was found imbedded in the 
masdurx , and under the old hearth several bushels 



i:. KEiNNAKL) HulSE. 

of salt were tiiUcn out, which had hccn there for 
more tlian one liundrod and fifty ^ears. The house 
is noted as the one whore, a few years ago, a man 
shot and ivilledhis tiirec daughters and himself, after 
shooting and wounding a person of whom he had 
convietions was holding improi)cr relations with his 

Next to the Reniiek house, on the northwest 
corner of Tanner and Islington Streets, is the 


Onee known as the Eagle Tavern, huilt in ahout 1700, 
and afterward the residence of Oliver P. Kennard. 
In the last i)art of A])ril, 1717, a child was horn in 
this house, the snow l)eing so deep the doctor and 
nurse were oMiged to enter the house through a 
chamber window. The snow is said to have fallen 
to a dejith of eight feet on a level, and for years 
was referred to as tRe " (ireat Snow." In Boston, 
the local ])apcrs stated that the snow fall, on a level, 
was six feet deep. 


Tills is the p()j)u!ar name of this gaml)rel-roof 
dwelling, although the Rev. Dr. Buckminster lived 
here only a year or two after his marriage to Colonel 
Ladd's widow. This tine specimen of colonial 
architecture, situated on the northwest corner of 
Bridge and Islington Streets, was erected l)y Daniel 
Warner, the father of Jonathan, of tiie Warner 
house on Daniel Street; and of Nathaniel, who 
was engaged to Miss Lcltice Mitchell, and whom 

the father designed should occupy this house (see 
IMitchell House). In ll[)2 it was purchased hy 
Colonel Eliphalet Ladd, who was the projector of 
the Portsmouth Aqueduct, and here he resided until 
his death, in iXOfi. In l.SlO Rev. Dr. Buckminster 
married Colonel Ladd's widow for his third wife, 
and left the j)arsonagc on Pleasant Street to reside 
in this mansion, dying here -lune 10, ISli'. 


This l)uilding was erected in 180(i, from designs 
drawn by Charles Bultinch, the eminent architect 
who designed the Massachusetts State House, and 
many other public buildings and private dwellings. 
It ^vas built hy the jiroprietors of the Portsmouth 
Academy, and intended for public schools. The 
society was incorporated in December, IHOX. It 
was used as an academy until IXUS, when it was let 
to the city for jniblic schools. 

In the year ISlii) Hon. Frank .lones, then 
mayor of the city, gave one year's salary ($.">00), 
the money to be available for a public library, when 
the citizens should mise $5,000 for the same pur- 
pose. This amount and accumulations, after the 
establishment of the library, was exi)endt'd by trustees 
of that sjiecial fund for l)ooks. 

The library was opened January 1, 1881, in the 
third story of the Custom House: from there the 
books were moved to an ante-room in Congress 
Block, then to three rooms in Franklin Block, and 
then back again to Congress Block, the books being 
jjlaccd in the large hall. In May, 1881, the library 

was accepted hy the city, wliicli iirovidod a \wr- 
nianent home in the academy, after romodelino- 
it in 1890, at an expense of" $8,000. The lease 
exjiires in 190(5, when the city can purchase the 
building at an amount stated in the lease. 

The Young People's Union turned over its 
library, of about eight hundred ^'olumes, in 1881. 
In Aj)ril, 1884, the Mercantile Library Association, 
which was established in 18.')'J, gave its collection of 
two thousand volumes to the Public Library. Other 
donations of books, numbering from live hundred to 
eleven hundred volumes each, have been given l)y 
the estates of Joshua Peirce, Mrs. Edwin Putnam, 
Miss H. Louise Penhallow, Mrs. Annie Goddard 
Edd}', the Misses Haven and Mrs. Elbridge Gerry. 
Colonel George F. Towle, of Newcastle, gave his 
valuable military library of tifteen hundred books. 

Legacies to the amount of $15,17.') have been 
left to the Invested Fund Account, ]>y ]\Iiss H. L. 
Penhallow, :\Iiss Ellen Pickett, Mrs. Joshua Brooks, 
]Mrs. ]Mary Ilackett Goodwin, ]Miss Louisa Simes, 
Miss Charlotte M. Haven, Miss :\Iary I). Parker, 
Mrs. Marcy E. Ladd and Marcellus Eldrcdgc ; the 
income of which can only be expended for the jnir- 
chase of new liooks. 

The city annually' apju'opriates a sum of money 
for the necessary running expenses. The library 
now contains over eighteen thousand volumes, and a 
reading-room is maintained in connection. The 
majority of the trustees are elected by the aldermen, 
the mayor, e.r officio, being chairman, and C. A. 
Hazlett, treasurer. Robert E. Rich has served as 
librarian since the establishment of the library. 


Situated on the southeast corner of Congress and 
Middle Streets, built by Charles Treadwell about 
17.50, for his son Jacob. Afterward Dr. Ammi 
R. Cutter purchased the house and gave it to his 
daughter, who married Colonel Storer. It is still 
occupied by descendants of Dr. Cutter. In the 
French and Indian AVar, and at the siege of Louis- 
l>urg, in 175M, Dr. Cutter served as surgeon, and in 
1777 he had charge of the medical department of the 
Northern Army, and served until the surrender of 
Burgoyne. Clement Storer in LSI 4 connnanded 
the first division of New Hampshire militia. In 
1817 President James Monroe was entertained in 
this house by Colonel Storer, then a member of 
Congress. The President was accompanied by Gen- 
eral Miller, the hero of Lundy's Lane ; Commodore 
Bainbridge and General Henry Dearborn, who had 
been a Colonel in the Continental Army and a 
]Major General in the War of 181:*. 

The next house mi the south is the 


The date of the erection of this house is not 
known, but Hon. AVyseman Clagett removed here 
from the Hart residence on Daniel Street after the 
tire of 1701, which destroyed the Stoodley Tavern, 
and lived here several years. He came to Ports- 
mouth in 17.58, as King's Attorney, and executed 
the law with marked severity: to l)e "Clagetted" 
was a common term among the inhabitants, expressive 
of speedy discipline. He married Lettice Mitchell 




(si'c Mitclicll house), and proxed hiiiiscit as exact inu' 
and relentless in his matrimonial life as he was severe 
and harsh in his offieial capacity. He was, however, 
a stanch friend of the Colonists, and was a valued 
memlier of the C'onnnittee of Safety during the Kev- 
olution : liavini;' been active and inHuential in ori;an- 
i/.inu' that temporary form of siovernnient, adojited 
in New IIami)shire at the l)eginnint;- of hostilities. 
Under this irovernment the office of Solicitor ( ien- 
eral was created : Mr. Ciaaett heinir ajipointed to 
till the i)osition, and was the only jierson ever hold- 
ing' the office, whii'h ceased to exist in ITS I. lie 
owned a large estate in Litchtield, N. II., where he 
I'emoved. and for several years was successixcly 
elected to the (ieiieral Court. He died December 4, 

About opiKisite to the Leavitt house is the 
French-roof building of the Young Glen's Christian 
Association, forn.erly the residence of 


\\'h() was promiiienl as a lawyer and banker. Al 
his golden wedding, in IsTlI, he r<'marke(l that for 
fifty years he had lived in the same house, occiqiied 
the same pew, served as director in the same bank 
and used the same building as an olli<c. 

Next south of the Leaxitt duelling is the 


Which was built about ITS.'i. by William Sheafe. 
Li l.s;ill. Colonel Joshua Peirce, a son of John 
Peirce, j)urchascd the house, and occupie<l it after 

he left his extensive place in (jreenland, a part of 
which farm was owned by Captain Francis Cham- 
pernowne. The massive granite steps in front of 
this house were removed i)y Mr. Peirce. The bal- 
ustradings to the front stairs were taken fi"om the 
(jardner house, on Mechanic Street, several years 
ago, when this house was Iteing repaired, and are the 
same that were placed in that house when it was built. 
For sever d years Colonel Peirce comunnded the 
(iilman lilues, receiving his connnissiou from Gov- 
ernor .lolm Taylor (iilman in IcSl;!. He connnanded 
the First New IIain])shire Iiei;iment from 18^0 to 


On the southeast corner of Congress and Chestnut 
Streets. The building was erected by Colonel Joshua 
Peirce for dwellings, but converted soon afterward 
into a hotel. The site was formerly occupied by a 
house built about 173o by Jacob Treadwell. He 
was a tanner, whose place was near Bridge Street, 
from which Tanner Street derived its name. His 
son Nathaniel afterward occupied the house, and 
from him have descended most of the Portsmouth 
families named Treadwell. It was afterward owned 
and occ'ui)ied by Captain John Parroft and then by 
Adams l'err\-, a botanic )ihysician. W'lien the 
Kearsarge House was built, it was removed to 
Albany Street. 


Captain John Pickering, :id, gave to the town 
in l(!7.'i a strip of land two rods wide, running 

through liis jjossessions to the mill-diiin, for a higli- 
wav. The water in Puddle Dock at that time came 
far uj) into the land, nearly to Pleasant Street, and 
at ver}^ high tides, it is said, flowed across between 
where the Langdon and AA'entworth houses now 
stand into the South Pond. At that time this tract 
of land was called Pickering's Neck. That part of 
Pleasant Street, north from the present Court Street 
to the Parade, was called Court Street, so named 
from the old Court House or State House, then on 
Market Scjuare. 


On the cast side, at No. 1 Pleasant Street, is 
the mastic-covered bank building. This bank was 
organized as a State Bank in 1814, and reorganized 
as a National Bank in ISii.'i, with the same capital 
of $200, (»()(). Jacob S. Pickering was cashier from 
1814 to I84it, and was succeeded by his son until 
1870, who lias served as jn-esident from 1873 to 
the present year. In its continuous existence, for 
eight^'-eight years, under ))ractically the guidance of 
the same family, it has had but three presidents and 
three cashiers. In front of this building stood a 
brick watch-house about twelve feet s(|uare, which 
was built in 17lil, and taken down at the time of 
Washington's visit, in \7s\t. 


In the liuilding on llie iiorlheasl corner of Slate 
and Pleasant Streets, before they were removed, 
were two stone safes, one in the first story and the 

other in the second. They were placed in the build- 
ing in 1814, by the New Hampshire L'nion Bank and 
were used by them and the Branch Bank of the 
United States. The building was remodeled in 189G. 
The New Hami)shire U^nion Bank was incorporated 
in 1S02, with Governor Langdon as its tirst ])resident, 
and existed for forty years. 


In the rear of the North Church, on the west side of 
the street. The Portsmouth Onic/e l)uilding for- 
merly occupied this site, but in about 1799 it was 
removed to the corner of Court and Middle Streets, 
by Haymarket S(|uare, and the first three-story store 
built in Portsmouth was erected here in 1800, by 
Daniel Austin. There were only fifteen three-stor}- 
dwellings in town at this time, and the greater part 
of them had lieen built within the last five years of 
that century. There were also, at this time, five 
luindreil and twenty-four two-story houses and 
eighty-six one-story dwellings in town. Colonel 
Joshua Wentworth's jdace of business was in this 
building. A high roof was afterward added, and 
that l)eing destroyed by tire it was replaced with the 
])resent French roof. 

This was lot number one of the glebe lands, and 
was leased at fifteen shillings per year, by Richard 
Wibird in 1709. At that time he was the wealthiest 
man in Portsmouth. In 1791 the rental was dis- 
charged for the remainder of the nine hundred and 
ninety-nine years, for the sum of three pounds and 
fifteen shillings. When this building was erected, 



in 1800, Portsmouth had a iiopulatioii, accoidiiij^- to 
the I'nitcil States census, of r),.'!;!;!, rankiui;- twelfth 
in tiie list of eities and towns in the United Stales. 
There were 1N7 slaves in Portsmouth in ITHT, and 
140 in 177."). 


Erected hy tlu' United States from Conc-onl i^ranite 
in iS.'iS, on the site formerly occupied hy the IJock- 
in<rham BanU and Farmers' Hotel. The Custom 
House and Post Otlice previously was on the corner 
of Penhallow and Daniel Streets, and the huildinp- 
still retains its marlile tahlct with 111'.' inscription, 
"Custom House." Previous to this the Custom 
House was at Colonel AVhii)plc"s otiice, corner of 
State and Che.stnut Streets, and the Post Ottice was 
kept in a store on Buck Street until 18()'>, then in a 
house on Market Si|uare. In l.Slo it was on the 
north side of Daniel Street, aliout midway between 
^larket S(|uare and Penhallow Street. In ,Iackson"s 
tirst administration, in 1S2!(, Almei' fTreenleaf was 
ap])ointed postmaster, and the Post Ottice, which for 
several years had been kei)t in the then new Customs 
Buildino-, was removed to State Street, where Shel- 
don Brothers' furniture rooms now are, and remained 
there until 1.S4I), when it was mo\ed l)ack to the 
Custom House ajrain, l)einH' huated at that jilacc until 
moved to the ))resent Post Ottice and Custom House 
I)uildini^ on its completion. The tirst Custom House 
and Post Office was, during the Revolution, situated 
on the site of the " Stone Store," on .Market Street. 
On the southwest corner of Pleasant and 
Porter Streets, on the grass plot, stood the 


Of whicli wc L;i\-c a cut, rcprtxhiced from an old 
amhrotype. It was open as a hotel as early as l.sls, 
and kept hy Hadley iV:: Clark in IMd. In the latter 
year there were nine hotels in the town. 


Is situated on the northeast col'uer of State and 
Court Streets. It was built in I.SIS, l)y the widow 
of Robert Trcadwell, and on the site of the house 
in which Thomas Packer, Sheriff of the Province, 
li\('d in 17.")."). The stone-wall extending down 
( 'ourt Street, between the house and the ('oloncl 
Sise tire engine rooms, was then there, and yet 
remains the same as it was at that time. Sheriff 
Packer li\'ed here at the time he hung Ruth Blay, in 
Hli.*^, and it was in front of this house, and i>robal)ly 
by this wall, where the indignant iieople hung him 
in ettigy that night, with this inscription : 

" Am 1 tci luse my dinner 
this uonian for to lumg? 
Come draw away the cart, my Ijoys, 
Don't stop to say Amen." 

Aflerwai'd ('oloncl Brewster occuiiied the house, 
and titled it u]i for a genteel boarding-place. It was 
here t hat Washington, (hiring his visit to Portsmouth 
ill 17.s'.i, was entertaineil. 'I'he house was destroyed 
in the great lire ot IM;;. 


On the opposite side ot Pleasant Si i-eel . on the 
northwest corner of ('ourt Slre(M, where the three- 
tenement house now stands, was the residence of 



Daniel Wel)stcr, Ix'iiiii- Ihc second (iccin)ied hy 
him here. It was totally destroyed in the great tire 
of December, IfSKJ. In Webster's autobiography, 
written for Mrs. Lee in l<S2i), which may be found 
in Volume I of "The Private CorresiJondcnce of 
Daniel Webster," published in 1(S,')7, he says: "In 
December, 181.'}, I being in Washington, my house 
was burned; my wife and children had just time to 
escape. I had recently boLighl the house for $(!,()()(). 
Its loss, with what was burned in it, was no small 
matter. It was in no jiart insured."" In the same 
autobiography he wrote : " I li\ed in Portsmouth 
nine years, wanting one month. Tiicy were verv 
happy years."" The house was the same size and 
shape as the Rev. Samuel Langdon house, north of 
the Univer.salist Church. 

( )n th(> southeast corner of Court Street, for- 
merly stood the residence of 


Rev. Dr. BucUminster boarded here when he 
began his ministry of the North Church, in 177il. 
His life in this house, and charming descrii)tion of 
the dwellings and home life of Deacon Penhallow, of 
Governor Langdon and other neighbors, are detailed 
in Mrs. Eliza Buckminster Lee"s memoirs of her 
father and brother, published in l.S4!l. In the Pen- 
hallow house, .lohn Sullivan, then a mere office boy 
for Matthew Livermore, a noted lawyer, pleaded his 
tirst case. The old residence \\'as moved in 18(12, 
for which see Deacon Penhallow house, ^Vasllini;ton 


Is situated on the west side of Pleasant Street, the 
second house south of Court Street. The leases of 
the thirty-eight acres of upper glel)e land, around 
the j)owder house, were sold at ])ulilic auction, in 
five lots of from eight to nine acres each, at Stood- 
ley's Tavern, Octo])er '21, 1791, and the jtroeeeds 
from the sale were used in part by the North Parish 
to build this i)arsonage, which was erected the ne.\t 
year. Rev. Dr. Buckminster occupied the house for 
eighteen years, and was jjastor of the North C'hurch 
for thirty-three years. At the age of twenty-eight 
he succeeded Rev. Drs. Langdon and Stiles, who 
had successively removed to become presidents of 
colleges, one of IIar\ard, the other of Yale. 


.^Iso known as the "J. K. Pickering house," and 
now owned and occu|)ied by the great-granddaughter 
of Rev. Dr. Langdon, is next north of the Lniver- 
salist Church. It was built by Rev. Dr. Samuel 
Langdon in 17411, and occupied by him. He was 
cluqilain of the .New Hami)shire troojis at the siege 
of Louisburg in 1745, and i)astor of the North 
Church from 1747 to 1774, when he was apjiointed 
president of Harvard College. He offered the 
prayer for the assembled army at Cambridge Com- 
mon the night previous to the battle of Bunker Hill. 
He died at Hampton Falls, N. II., in 175)7. In 
lSi;i the house was occupied by Hon. John God- 
dard, who had recently declined an election to the 
Cnited States Senate. The estate has never l)een 
out of the familw 

The first parsonage in Portsmouth was ))iiilt on 
the site of this house, and adjoininji- was erected the 
first place of worship, an Kjiiseopal chapel, both 
l)eing built about KiSS. licv. Kichard (iibson 
was the first cleruyinan. Captain John ^lason, one 
of the founders of the plantation, sent over for the 
chapel, — "the great Bible, twelve service books, one 
pewter ilagon, one conmiunion cu[) and cover of 
silver, two fine ta1)le-cloths and two napkins." The 
parsonage was probably burned in 1704, when occu- 
pied by Rev. Nathaniel Rogers. It was standing in 
1657, when the couimittee was authorized to Ituild 
the first Puritan uieeting-house, for in the contract 
were the words: "and repairing ye old nieeting- 
houfeandto finifh it and fit it uj) for a dwelling-honfe 
for our niinifter." The building i)asscd through re- 
peated changes. First it was described as a " })ar- 
sonage house with chapel attached," then all of it was 
used for a chapel or meeting-house and afterward 
changed into a dwelling-house for the pastor. 


The mansion opposite the I'niversalist ('iuirch 
was built in 1784 by Governor .lohn Langdon, and 
until his death, in 1819, was occupied by him. He 
was, with Captain Pickering, .lohn Sullivan and 
others, engaged in the seizure of the jiowdcr at Fort 
William and Mary in December, 1774, a part of 
which his cousin, Sanuiel Langdon, afterward con- 
\eyed to the army at Camliridgc, and which was 
used later at the battle of Bunker Hill. Afterward 
this same cousin Samuel, in 177.S, conducted two 
loads of clothino- to "Washington's sufferino- armv at 

Valley Forge, it being a gift from the inhabitants 
of Portsmouth. 

Mr. Langdon was chosen President of New 
Hampshire and five times Governor of the State. 
His famous speech was made while h(^ was Si^eaker 
of the House of Representatives, convened at Kxeter 
in 1777, during a protracted and imjiortant session 
of three days. He rose and made the following 
declaration, which will ever enshrine his memory 
in the hearts of the sons of Xew Hampshire: "I 
have a thousand dollars in hard money : I will 
liledge my plate for three thousand more. I have 
seventy hogsheads of Tobago rum, which will l)e 
sold for the most they will bring. 'I'hey are at the 
service of the State. If we succeed in defending 
our firesides and our homes, I may be remunerated ; 
if we do not, then the ])ro))erty will be of no value 
lo nie. Our friend Stark, who so nobly upheld 
the honor of our State at Bunker Hill, maybe safely 
entrusted with the honor of the enterjirise, and we 
will check the progress of Burgoyne." 

He was the first President of the United States 
Senate, and there l)eing neither President nor Vice- 
President he was for the time Acting President, and 
as such informed (ieneral Washington of his elec- 
tion. In 1812 the Repulilican Congressional Caucus 
offered him the nomination for the office of Vice- 
President of the Fiiited States, which he declined. 
He entertained Louis Philippe and his brothers at 
this house ; and here A\'ashington dined several 
times with Mr. Langdon, when here in 1789, and 
recorded it as the handsomest house in Portsmouth. 
The carvings are fine specimens of the Corinthian 

order, and tli(> iiitrodiu'tion of a Heur-de-lis in tlic 
key.stnno of Ihc urcli in tiic large iihi'ary is a very 
artistie and .siuniticant feature. President Mon- 
roe was entertained by (iovernor Lanjjfdon iiere in 
1817. 'J'iie iioiise was afterward owned hy Mcv. 
Dr. Burrouglis, who was rector of St. .lolinV C'hiireii 
for fort y-tive years : it is still owned hy the I^aiii,^- 
don family. The small brick lodjics in front tire a 
unique feature ; similar ones were in front of his 
brother's house l)efore the KocUintrliam was rebuilt. 
In 17(S2 the iMar<|uis de ( 'hastelleux wrote: "After 
dinner we went to drink lea with Mr. Lani:()on. 
He is a handsome man and of noble carriaue- His 
house is elegant- and well furnishe<l and the apart- 
ments well wainscoted." 


To the south of the I^augdon house is the Mark 
II. ^Ventwortli I'esidcnce, built the sami' _\ear as the 
(rovernoi' Laugdon house, by ('ajitain Thomas 
Thompson, who was (Uie of the Hrst na\al ollicers 
connnissioned by the Continental ( 'ongress. His 
connnissjou, dated October 1(1, ITTii, and signed l>\- 
.lohn IIaneocl<, is )ireser\'ed in the home of ('aptain 
\\'illiani L. Dwight on Middle Street, lie com- 
manded the frigate "Kalcigh," built at Portsmouth, 
and in 178.') was colonel of a regiment of artillery 
by ai)pointmeut of (iovernor Langdou. Among 
the j)aintings in this house is a ))aslel jiortrait of 
Lieutcnant-Ciovernor dohu A\'ent worth. 'I"he lariic 
elm near the street measures si\t<'cii fi'ct in circum- 

Mark II. A\'enl worth was of the se\enth gener- 

ation from Elder William Wentworlh, the emigrant. 
He lived in this house till his death, in 1!H)l', at the 
age of eighty-eight years. The spot where the liarn 
stands was formerly occupied by a Sandemanian 
meeting-house, built in 17t) I and taken down twenty 
years later. Afterward the society worsliiped in a 
room in the brick schoolhouse on State Street. 
The poet, doiiathan M. Sewall, was a member of 
this church and freiiuently contributed hymns of his 
own composition. The Sandemanian Society was 
founded by Robert Sandeman, and here was organ- 
ized tlie first church of ('hrist in America, and it 
was one of three well-established Sandemanian 
('hurdles that existed until 1.S20. 


The date of the building of this house is not 
known, but there is a notice of its sale in 1774 by 
Thomas .lackson to Dr. Daniel Peirce, of Kiltery, 
when it was described as situafed on the street 
"leading by Dr. Sanmel Haven's dwelling-house to 
the mill-dam, and next to tlu^ land of Daniel Rog- 
ers." The land between the Universalis! ("hurch 
and the Til)betts house is still known as the "Rogers 
ticld." The house was sold in 17'.i'.t to Captain 
Richard Salter Tibbetts, who died in the \\'est 
Indies almul 1.S;'>1. The proi>erly now is part of 
the .lacob \Vendell estate. 

Just south of the Tibbetts house is the 


liuilt in 1 7S!I by ,)ei-eniiali Hill. It was dccupied 
in 1S14 b\- .lo-hua llaxiMi, who niuii\cd in ISld, 



in which yciir it was ))urch:iscd Vty Jacob Wendell. 
The house was hcautifuiiy furni.shed ]>y its new 
owner with all the ai)i)ointn]ents of tiie time, toijether 
with the Chippendale furniture and one hundred and 
thirty-eiffht pieces of Flemish cut glass imported 
especially for its use, all of which have been pre- 
served and are in its service to-day. It furnishes 
one of the comparatively rare instances of an inter- 
esting collection of antiques which have been well 
kei)t together, amid many changes, during the pass- 
age of a century. The old hall, wainscoted waist- 
high, and hung with the ancient tire-buckets of the 
Friendly Fire Society, affords a marked example of 
the French architectural iiiHuence which a])iH'aied so 
strongly in the construction of the colonial houses 
which were ])uilt immediately after the peace of 
1783 ; the staircase being designed with an entreaoJ, 
or mezzanine story, which speaks volumes for the 
taste of the builders of that early day in the oppor- 
tunity afforded, not alone for commodious access to 
the upper stories, but also for raising the height of 
the rooms there located. That the original equip- 
ment of this house should have been retained so 
largely, may well rank it among the few instances in 
New Hampshire in which the s]iirit of the colonial 
day has been retained almost in its entirety, rendei"- 
ing a visit to it always a i)leasant experience. 


This house was built by Joseph Haven, son of 
Dr. Sanuiel Haven, in 1780, he living here until his 
death in l.S2;i. The site of this house is where the 
south end i)oi'tion of the town wished to locate the 

new meeting-house, which was under consideration 
and in dispute in 1711, between the north and south 
end residents. (See Meeting-house at the South 

The old gambrel-roof at the corner of 
Gates Street formerly stood on this site, but at the 
time Mr. Haven Ijuilt his new residence, it was 
moved up the street to its present location and 
turned around, fronting on Pleasant Street. The 
history of this ancient dwelling is not known, but it 
is very old : probably having been built as early as 
17:!0, and stood the storms upward of two centuries. 
At the ])resent time preparations are Ijeing made to 
demolish the old l)uilding. 


Formerlv stood on the corner of Pleasant and Kdward 
Streets, opposite the A^'endell house. It was moved 
in 1'.IOO to the ^Marginal Koad, south of the old 
Court House. At the time of the Revolution the lot 
was vacant and was used by Dr. IIa\en as a place 
for the manufacture of salti^etre for the army. This 
house is said to have been l)uilt soon after the close 
of the Kevolution : but, on a pane of glass in the 
house is inscrilicd : "Built by Edward Parry in 
1800." On June 'I'), 1774, twenty-seven chests of 
tea were consigned to him, which caused almost as 
much excitement here as did the tea ships in Bos- 
ton ; but he promptly reshij)ped them, untouched, 
to Halifax. Another shipment of thirty chests 
arrived in Septeml)er. The populace l)roke in the 
windows, and Parry a]i])lietl to Governor Went- 
worth for protection, which was given. The town 







assonililed tlic next day, and Parrv puhlit'ly declared 
he Wduld not accept the consij^nnient, and it also 
^va^s reshipped t(i Halifax. A\'hcn he hiiilt this he also constnicted a small fort on the border 
of the South Pond, near the west end of Edward 
Street, on the south side, on which he mounted brass 
cannon and a flag. He called the i)lace Fort Aniile- 
sea ; it had four jiorts and is prominently inscril)ed 
in " Hale's Sur\ey of Portsuioutli," pubiisiicil in islo. 


Formerly stood on the south side of Pleasant Street, 
midway between Edward and Livermore Streets. 
It was built in 1751 by Dr. Samuel Haven, who, 
from 17.t2 to ISOli, was pastor of the South Parish. 
He died March S, ISOli, and his wife the following 
day, and both were deposited at the same time in 
the tomb under the pulpit. Under a provision of 
the will of the descen<lants of Dr. Haven, upon the 
death of the last member of the family, the mansion 
Avas taken down, and the grounds, with the land of 
the Parry and Hatch estates adjoining, were pur- 
chased and given to the city, in \s[)S, to be known 
as the "Haven Park." >;l"s.()(l() were left for the 
l)urchase of land and buildings: s:^. ()()() to put the 
park in order, and S."). ()()() as a park fund. 


The house occupied by the family of Albert K. 
Hatch was built about 1 7;i.T by Matthew Livermore, 
who came here in 1724 to teach school. He was 
a]i]iointed King's Advocate and Attorney General in 
178(> of the Pi'ovincc of New Ilannishire. Sauuiel 

Livermore, a relative of his, also lived here, who 
was the chief adviser of Governor AVentworth. He 
was Attorney General in 17()!l, a member of the 
tirst Congress, and in 17iltl a United States Senator. 
The house formerly stood on the opposite side of 
the street, on what is now Haven Park, and Gen- 
eral Fitz-John Porter was born here in August, 
1822. After superior service in the Mexican ^^'ar, 
he served as ^[ajor General of Volunteers in l.sii2, 
when he was court-martialed and dismissed from 
service, but after a long contest was reinstated in 
his rank in the regular ai'my, and placed on the 
retired list in 18<Sli. His stanch friend, the late 
K. H. Eddy, of Boston, provided in his will a fund 
to be used to erect an e(|uestrian bronze statue of 
(General Porter in Portsmouth, and soon after the 
General's death on May 21, IDOl, the sum of $30,000 
was received by the city. In March of the ensuing 
year, in the administration of Mayor .Tohn Pender, 
action was taken looking toward the erection of the 
proposed statue, and a committee was constituted 
by the City Councils in joint convention, upon April 
10th, charged with the execution of the above 
lie(|uest. The tirst <|uestion of importance to be 
decided was the selection of a suitable site for the 
pro|)oscd statue, this being a subject which aroused 
considerable public interest. The conflicting claims 
of Haven Park, so-called, at the South End, and of 
Ilaymarket S(juare, at the intersection of Court and 
Middle Streets, were urged with great persistence, 
but the latter was finally ajjproved May llith by 
a unanimous vote of the committee. By vote of 
the committee at a subseiiuent meetinof, held Mav 




I'Sth, it wa^ >ettlpd tliat the onntraet for cxecutinir 
the l)i-(inze statue, to l)e plaeed on the i)edestal. lie 
aw irded to Mr. James E. Kelly, of New York City, 
and that gentleman accordingly received the com- 
mission, and the requisite lironze castings are at the 
]iresent time in process of construction. 


In a small wooden house, formerly on the south 
side of the street, in June. 1818, was convened the 
tirst Sunday-school in Portsmouth, and possildy the 
first in the country. It was a huilding which had 
been erected for the New Ilamjjshire Union Bank's 
safe, near the corner of State and Pleasant Streets. 
after the fire of 1813. It was afterward removed to 
"NVentworth Street, being used as a lecture room by 
the South Parish, under Dr. Parkers ministry. Dr. 
Parker then lived in the three-story brick house at 
the end of Livermore Street, next the Porter house. 
This building was again moved from Wentworth to 
Livermore Street, and used as a vestry by the chuixh 
adjoining, and afterward it was altered into a dwell- 
ing-house by the addition of a half-story, and again 
moved to the east side of Washington Street. This, 
however, was not strictly speaking the first Sabliath- 
scbool in Portsmouth. In 1803 Mrs. Amos Tapjian. 
a sister of Rev. Dr. Buckminster, collected the nu- 
merous negro children in town at her house every 
."Sunday, and, with the aid of her daughters, gave 
thom religious instruction. This was continued for 
several years, and constituted, probably, the first 
Sabbath-school in New England. A Sabbath-school 
was also established in June, 1818. in the brick ves- 

try of the North Church, on the west side of Elect 
Street, between State and Porter .Streets. It was 
afterward held in Jefferson Hall, and included the 
children of the city, without respect to denomi- 
nations. Deacon Amos Tappan was superintendent 
from 18l>« to I8i*l. 


The site of thi- ccniftciy w:i- deeded to the 
town for a burial-jdace by Captain John Pickering 
in 17.i4. It has not been used for some years. The 
oldest headstones were those of two children of Dr. 
Samuel Haven, dated ITiJl, later moved to the 
South Cemetery. Another, near the tomb on which 
is carved a skeleton, has the date 1773. The nia- 
jority of the stones were placed previous to 1N(»», 
and bear the names of the Mannings, Coues, Salters 
and Wendells. 


The first printing otficc in New Hampshire was 
opened by Daniel Fowie in 17.')i;. in a wooden Imild- 
ing at the junction of Pleasant. Washington and 
Howard Streets, where now stands the residence t)f 
Mr. John E. Colcord. Fowle"s bold utterance of 
his political ojiinions, while a resident of Boston, 
had offended the Massachusetts authorities, and 
their persecution caused him to come with his 
presses and printing materials to this town, where, 
on the 7th of October, 17.">(>. he issued the first 
number of the Seir Hampshire GuzeKe. a weekly 
paper still published here. 


Until l.SiitO, the first prcs.s on whicli tlu- yen- 
IJompt^hlre (iazettp was printed was owned in tliis 
city. It was of a primitive type, tlie bed l)eing of 
stone, and tlie impression given by a wooden screw, 
operated by a lever pulled liy hand. The press 
descended from Fowle, through several i)arties, to 
the late Hon. Frank W. Miller, and on the death of 
his widow, her sister, Mrs. Brooks, through Mr. 
Israel P. Miller, attemjjtcd negotiations to present 
it to the New Hamjishire Historical Society ; but, 
they showing no visible interest, it was sold at 
auction, and finally fell into the possession of a New 
York jirinting press comiiany. who exhibited it at 
tlio Coluinbian Exposition in Isi),;. 


Built about ITtili. for the last (iovernor .lolin 
Wentworth, son of ]Mark Hunking Went worth, and 
nephew of Benning Wentworth. Governor Joiin 
Wentwortli was born in ITot!, and received his com- 
mission as (iovernor, succeeding Governcu' Benning 
Wentworth, in 17(i7. At the beginning of the 
lievolution he was the Royal Governor, and eonse- 
(|uently defended the Crown, while at the sanu- time 
his father and uncle were active participants in the 
patriot cause. 

In 177') a Royalist named Fenton, a former 
captain in the English army, and a recent member 
of the Exeter convention, look refuge at the Gov- 
ernors residence. A mob gatliered before the house, 
and demanded tiiat lie be given up and taken to 
Exeter for trial. Tliis was done, and the Governor, 

deeming this :in insult to iiiniseit, left the house, it 
is said, from the l);tek way, througli his garden, to 
the South Pond, where he hoarded a l)oat and was 
taken to Fort William and Mary, where he sought 
protection, while the moh entered and ransacked the 
house. In one of the front rooms a i)roken marble 
chimney-piece is yet to he seen in its place, kept 
there as a memento of the attack. Goveinor 
Wentworth afterward went to England, where he 
was created Baronet, and ajijiointed (iovernoi' of 
Nova Scotia in 17!i:?, where lie died in 1S:?(I. The 
family portraits of the AA'entworths, hy C"oj)ley and 
his master, Blackhurn, are still preserved in this 
mansion. His large stable was o])posite. on the 
present site of the house of William J. Fraser, in 
which he kept sixteen horses for family use. 

As the A\'entworth name will frequently appear 
in the following pages, it may l)e well to locate 
the jn'ominent members of this famous family. 
The Wentworth Genealogy, in three large volumes, 
by Hon. John AVentworth. of Chicago. 1.S78, con- 
tains in its index the names of one hundred and 
forty-three John Wentworths, and more than that 
number of "flohns" with middle names. Five John 
A\'entworths resided at different times in Ports- 
mouth. Lieutenant-Governor John AA'entworth, of 
the thii'd generation from the original settler. Elder 
William Wentworth, was born January lH, KiTl, 
and was Lieutenant-Governor in 1717, until his 
death in 17;^(). His tirst son, Benning, of the fourth 
generation, born July ^4, KilMi, was (iovernor from 
1741 to 17(17, and" died October 14, 1770. He 
resided at Little Harl)or. 

Governor John Wentworth, of the tifth gener- 
ation, born in 17o(), was the grandson of Lieutenant- 
Governor Wentworth, and son of Mark Ilunking 
Wentworth, and nephew of Benning AVentworth. 
He was Governor from 17()7 to 177.') and lived 
in this house. Lieutenant-( iovernor John AA^ent- 
wortli"s second son was Hunking AA'^entworth, born 
December li), l(!it7. He was chairman of the Com- 
mittee of Safety at the age of 7.s years, and lived 
on Congress Street. He died in 17.S4. ]Mark Hunk- 
ing AVentworth, l)rother of Hunking of the fourth 
generation, was Ijorn March 1, 17(j!l, and died in 
17<S.5. He lived on Daniel Street. Mark Hunking 
Wentworth, of the seventh generation, was born 
in 1813 and died in li)02. He lived on Pleasant 
Street, In the Captain Thompson house. It is some- 
thing remarkable that all of the above-named houses 
are yet standing excejit that of Mark IIuid\ing 
AVentworth on l\iniel Street, which was removed to 
give place to the High Si'hool Building. 


Till' town granted to the tirsi John Pickering, 
in lli.")S, this mill ])rivilege, on condition that he 
should keep in rejiair. a bridge oxer the dam, for 
foot iiassengers going to church. AA'hen tirst built, 
the I)ridge was but six feet wide. The mills were 
built at the sanie time l)y Mr. Pickering, who came 
here from jNIassachusetts in 1(!;>I), and previously 
from England. The mill property remained, until 
17iM). in the family. In 18.S1 the city bought the 
old mill and i)rivilege : the mill being taken down 
and a store built on the site. (For old meeting- 
house see churches.) 




This tine gtiinlirel-roof flwellini:: is .situated south- 
east of the South ]\Iill-daiii. on the north side of 
Salter Street. It was built hv Captain Titus Salter 
aliout 174.T, and, as ho was married that year to 
Elizabeth Bickford, it is likely they moved into the 
new house at that time. It had extensive orounds 
and wharves, where vessels formerly diseharjied and 
loaded their carooes. The little ganihrel-roof house 
on the ojjjjosite side of the street was ])nilt by him 
at the same time for his servants (])rol)al)ly slaves). 
Captain Titus Salter was the seeond son of the 
immiirrant, fFohn Salter, who came here from near 
Exeter, County Devon, Eneiand, about Caji- 
tain Salter eonnnanded a eom]iany of one hundred 
and ci^ihty men at Vini ^\'asliiiii;ton at the Narrows 
in 1771) and i-e-enlisted in 1777 and 177S. On dune 
•2d, 17711, .loshua Braekett, Ilunkinj:- Wentworlh, 
Jonathan Warner, .Tames Haslett, Theodore Atkin- 
son, Eleazer Russell and other i)rominent eiti/.en> 
|)etitioned the Committee of Sufet\' to have the ship 
"Hampden," a ])rivateer belonijini;' to .John Lan^- 
don, (itted out and join with Massachusetts to resist 
the British. Sh(> was purchased by the State, 
manned with a erew of Portsmouth seamen and 
placed under command of Captain Titus Salter. 
Previously the "Hampden" was conmianded by Ca}i- 
tain Thomas PickerinL;-, at the lime he lost his life. 


Formerly extended eight hundi-ed feet on the south- 
ern borders of the South Pond, the main enti'ance 

to which was through Johnson's Court. In the 
^\ ar of iMli' the rope-walk was used for i)arracks, 
and in JNIay, l.siil, during the administration of 
Governor (ioodwin, the Seeond New Hampshire 
Reg'nient was (piartered here. It was mustered 
into United States service .Tunc S, and inarched 
from Portsmouth .lune I'd, ISiil. 


This liuilding was tonncrly called tlie "(tun 
House." The land on which it stands was appro- 
priated i)y the town to the State in ISOS, and the 
Arsenal erected to hold anununition and artillery 
belonging to the government. The walls that en- 
closed the yard have recently l)een taken down. 

South of the Arsenal is the 


The tiist pulilii' schoolhouse built in Portsmouth 
stoo<l about on this spot, and was erected in 17t)!) 
by a vote of the Assembly in 17(lS directing that a 
free ProNJnce school for " righters, readers and 
Latiners" be established in Portsmouth. Pi'csident 
.John Ciitt, in his will of liiSO, gave one hundred 
pounds toward the erection of a free school, and his 
niece gave a lot of land, in 17O0, for the same pur- 
pose, spoken of elsewhere. In 1 7;>2 the schoolhouse 
was enlarged by the addition of a part of the old 
meeting-house, which sat near by, and at the same 
time the bell of the old edifice was transferred here 
and lint in place, probably in the same belfry. (See 
pul)lic schools. ) 




Is situated on the west side of Soutii Sti'cet, tiie 
tii'st house nortlieast of Blossom Street . 'i'iie date 
of the ereetion of this house is not known, hut ahout 
IToO Doetor Miti'iieii lived here, wlio had a dauiih- 
ter, Lettiee, a l)eautiful youno- lady of social promi- 
nence, who was betrothed to Nathaniel A\'arner, son 
of Daniel Warner. Nathaniel, not enjoyinji' good 
health, made a voya<>e to Europe. In his absence a 
younji' oliieer, Wyseman Clagett, came to town, l)ear- 
ing the title of Kinsi's Attorney, who created no 
little excitement in social circles. Of all the favored, 
Lettiee was the oliject of his especial attention. 
Although Miss jNIitehell had pledged her affections to 
another, the eyes of the mother being daz/led by the 
glitter of official title, her persuasion overcame the 
l)etter sentiments of her daughter, and in 1759 
Lettiee Mitchell lieeanie j\Ii's. Wyseman Clagett. 
Young Warner returned, and on learning the situa- 
tion he gradually declined and, it is said, died of a 
broken heart, while Lettiee continued to live an un- 
hapiiy life with the choice of her mother, Wyseman 
Clagett. They resided first in the Hart house on 
Daniel Street, then in the Leavitt house on King 
Street, now Congress Street. 


On the southerly side of South Street, south of New- 
castle Avenue. The descendants who occupy this 
house do not know the date of its ereetion. Peter 
Shoi'es ]iurchased this estate from a Mr. Nolan in 
1768. Sanuiel Gardner, a l)rother to Maj(U- (Gard- 

ner, having married Mr. Shores" daughter, came 
here to reside, and from him the house derived its 


The Ilosjiital was tirst opened on January 23, 
lcS84, in a small house at the lower end of Court 
Street, donated for that purpose liy the late George 
Bilbruck. In ISJS!) it liecame evident that the house 
was too small for the constant demands being made 
upon it, and the directors decitled to make an appeal 
to their charital)le friends for assistance, and over 
thirty thousand dollars were eontributetl to the fund, 
enabling them to erect this modern Hospital, which 
can comfortably acconnnodate thirty patients. Dur- 
ing the tirst ten years, over thirteen hundred persons 
were cared for in the new building. It has a large 
endowment fund. 


In 18()7 John Langdon Elw\ ii gave aliout five 
acres of land, lying on the south side of the South 
Mill Pond, to trustees for a pulilic park, to be laid 
out as such any time they deemed most expedient. 
The Langdon Park Association was formed in 1875 
and reorganized in 187(; with Frank W. Miller as 
chairman, who was energetic in securing and plant- 
in<>- over six hundred trees. The park was opened 
May 25, 187(i, with addresses by Rev. James De- 
Normandie, Ichal)od Goodwin, Daniel Austin, Charles 
Levi Woodbury and Alfred Langdon Elwyn, a full 
account of which appears in the pamphlet published 
by the chairman. 





Is on the south side of Soutli Street, near tlie south 
end of Ricluirds Avenue. On -Uinc .'), liiTl, (iood- 
man William Cotton agreed with the town to clear 
and fence the town's land which now conipi'ises this 
and the adjoinini;- cemeteries. After clearina' away 
the trees and shrubs, he was, for twenty years, to 
have the use of it for a pasture. The ("otton Ceme- 
tery was, in 1721, enclosed separately, the remain- 
ing land being used as a training field. There are 
many old tomhstones here, the oldest legil)le one 
being that of AValter Clarkson. 173!l. 


Thi-i tract was Ihc "Trayning P'ield," sn-callcd, 
and it was here that Captain John Pickering first 
drilled his Puritan company. In 1735 Rev. Mr. 
Shurtleff was granted the use of tiie property by the 
town for a ])asture, and it was similarly used by 
Doctor Haven and other pastors of the South Parish. 
When the training field at the Plains began to be 
used, this was abandoned and was left for a pasture, 
wliich was known as the "Minister's Held." On llic 
erection of tile Stone ( 'iuirch, this properly was 
given to the trustees of the charity fund, wlio in 
1830 laid out the "Proprietors" Buiial-ground," 
this being the tirsi cemetery in the town other than 
the public ones. 

The growth of this i-emetery i-auscd, in 1S47, 
the adjoining one known as Harmony (irove to be 
laid out, and in 1S71 a still furthei' addition in Sag- 
amore Cemeterw In 1(S7.t, when the old (ireen 

Street ( 'emetery was abandon<Ml, the remains found 
there, including those of President Cult's family, 
weri' carefully removed hither, anil the old stones 
set up in a central ))art of the yard. Legacies for 
the perpetual care of lots in these cemeteries are 
entrusted to "The Socie(\- for the Care of the South 
Cemetery," incorporaled in l.s'.t7. The trustees 
serve without pay, and any excess oi incdine from 
the invested funds is expended in iinjiniving the 
walks and grounds. 

Here, on the highest part of the ground in 
PropriefiM's' Burial-ground, on Deccnilier .'lO, 17(>S, 
was enacted a tragedy, when an unfortunate girl, 
Ruth Blay. of Soutii Hamjiton, was hung for the 
alleged concealment of the birth of a child. Foi' this 
offense the Knglish law prescribed the i»'nalty of 
death, and this lilood-writteu law was not rcjieaiccl, 
even in this State, until 17'.li'. The execution was a 
most pathetic scene, a thousand s|)ectators witnessing 
the tragic act. as the ])oor misguided girl, (li-ess<'d in 
silks, moaning and shrieking, was drawn in a cart 
un<ler the gallows to her doom. Much sympathy 
had been aroused foi- the yuung woman, her Iricnds 
having intercepted and iinicui-cd a reprieve from 
the (io\crn(U', which would liaxc later resulted in a 
)iardon, as circannstances afterward showed that her 
child was still-born. Sheriff Packer refused to stay 
the execution, it is said, because he did not wish 
to be late to his dinner. Hardly liad life become 
extinct when the rejiriexc arii\ed, and the indig- 
nation of the jiojndace was such that they gathered 
around his house that evening and hanged Sheriff 
Packer in eifiav- This was the fourth and last exe- 


oution in Portsmouth. In the "Kaiiil)lc8" is inili- 
lished a poem by Albert Laighton on the Kuth Blay 
tragedy. Tlie view of Proprietors" Burial-ground 
titled "Gallows Hill" is the place where Kuth Blay 
was killed ; the gallows standing near the centre of 
that ]iortion represented by this picture. The view 
beside it shows jiart of the pond, on the north side 
of which Kuth was l)uricd, and it is said to have 
I)ecn the first interment made in this cemetery. 


Turning easterly around the Sagamore Ceme- 
tery into Little Ilarljor Koad, and about half a mile 
beyond, at its terminus, is the Governor Bennins 
AVentworth mansion. Longfellow, in "Lady Went- 
worth," in "Tales of a Wayside Inn," pictures the 
house : 

" It was a pleasant mansion, an abode 
Near and yet hidden from the great high-road, 
Sequestered among trees, a noble pile, 
Baronial and colonial in its style. 
Within, unwonted splendors met the eye, 
Panels and Hoors of oak, and tapestry ; 
Carved chimney-pieces, where on brazen dogs 
Reveled and roared the Christmas tires of logs ; 
Doors opening into darkness unawares, 
Mysterious passages, and flights of stairs ; 
And on the walls, in heavy gilded frames. 
The ancestral Wentworths with Old-Scripture names." 

This house was l)uilt in 1750 by Benning 
Wentworth while he was Governor ; having been 
appointed at the time of the final separation of this 
State from Massachusetts, in 1741, and held his 
commission until 17()7, at which time, after a rather 
turbulent administration, he was succeeded h\ his 

nephew, John Wentworth. In 17.T!t, after he had 
lost all of his children, his wife died, and he was left 
alone ; l)ut was soon after married, quite romantic- 
ally, to his housemaid, Martha Hilton, the heroine 
in Longfellow's poem of "Lady Wentworth." They 
had two sons, l)oth dying in infancy : and after the 
Governors death, in 1770, the entire estate came 
into the possession of his widow, who soon after 
married ^Michael Wentworth, a retired colonel in the 
English Army, who was not related to the Governor. 
They had one daughter, Martha Wentworth, who in 
1802 married John AVentworth, son of Thomas and 
grandson of Alark Hunking AVentworth. He was 
educated in England, and there wrote a treatise on 
law, for which he was appointed b}' England, Attorney 
General of Prince Edward's Island, afterward mov- 
ing to Portsmouth (his native town) and estal)]ishing 
himself in the practice of his profession. He was 
sometimes called "Sir .Tohn," but he was not knighted. 
At the time of their marriage they went to reside at 
the old mansion with her mother, then a widow ; 
Colonel Wentworth, her second husband, having 
died suddenly in New York in 179.T. Martha, the 
mother, died in LSO.t in this mansion. John and 
his wife continued to reside here until LSlli, when 
they went to England, and some time after, while 
on a visit to Paris, he died. His widow returned 
to London, where she lived with an adopted daugh- 
ter until her death, in 1851. 

President AVashington, when in Portsmouth in 
1789, visited this old mansion, on his retnrn from a 
fishing trip down the river, and was highly enter- 
tained with the hospitality characteristic of Colonel 

Wentworth and his lady, then residing lierc. The 
house contains forly-tive rooms, although originally 
it had fifty-two. 

The historic edifice still retains the most of its 
colonial features. As you approach the entrance to 
the hall of the Council Chamber, a large heavy 
door, with its massive hinges, is before you. Upon 
opening it you observe an old wooden lock of mam- 
moth size. In the hallway is a short flight of stairs 
leading to the ancient parlor ; at your right you 
enter the Council Chamber ; immediately on your 
left will be seen the fireplace, surrounded by its 
handsome antique mantel, carved ))y hand, Ijcfore 
which the Governor stood, with Martlia Milton at his 
side, to be united in marriage to his housemaid by 
the Rev. Arthur Browne, nearly one hundred and 
fifty years ago. Beyond, in the corner is an old 
gun-rack, containing twelve ancient muskets of the 
flint-lock pattern, still in their places, with the bay- 
onets yet affixed ; in the oi)posite corner are twelve 
more, between which is the old famil}^ spinet, which 
responded to the fingers' touch and made merry the 
hearts of long ago. 

The Council Chaml)er is high and airy, and 
quite richly finished and imposing in its general 
appearance. It was in this room, that the Governor 
and his Council met for their deliberations on im- 
portant questions of State, for many years. The 
opposite entrance leads to the billiard room, but the 
quaint old tal)le is not there : yet there are many 
interesting relics to be seen. In the parlor and 
other rooms are many curious antiquities and inter- 
esting portraits, including one by Cople}^ of Dorothy 

Quincy, afterward Madam Hancock. The cellars 
are mainly in their original shape, except the stalls 
for the Governor's hirge trooj) of thirty horses, 
which were placed there for use in times of danger, 
have been removed ; but the walls remain the 
same, and nearly everything throughout the archi- 
tecture and finish of this, the most historic and 
widely known of Portsmouth's nudtitude of colonial 
houses, yet remains in its original state. In 1817 
the property was purchased by Charles Gushing, but 
is now owned and occupied as a summer residence 
by J. Templeman Coolidge, Jr. 


Returning to the South ^lill Bridge, thence you 
will be conducted through ]Marcy, V\'ater, Court, 
^Vashington, Daniel and State Streets to the Post 
Office, and from there to points west. This street, 
from Liberty Bridge to Pleasant Street, was form- 
erly a ]iart of AVater Street, the change being made 
in memory of Hon. Daniel Marcy, who had a ship- 
yard east of this street, and there built a large num- 
ber of vessels. In I860 he was elected a Repre- 
sentative to Congress from this district. 

At the corner of Marcy and South Mill Streets, 
facing the bridge, is the three-stoiy Morrill house, 
which stands on the site of the dwelling of 


AVho was one of the most active and fearless of 
Portsmouth's patriots during the Revolution. It 
was he who, in company with John Sullivan, John 
Langdon and others, on the night of December 15, 




1774, surprised and captured Fort "William and 
Mary, carrying away one hundred barrels of pow- 
der, with a large quantity of small arms and numi- 
tions, the next day removing all the smaller cannon 
possible of conveyance from the fort : distinguishing 
themselves not only with the glory of l)eing the 
tirst who forcibly took possession of British prop- 
ei'ty in the Kevolutionary "War, but the satisfaction 
of securing for the patriot cause the large amount 
of powder and annuunition, which was so effectively 
used soon after, at the battle of Bunker Hill. He 
was prominent in capturing a proxision barge be- 
longing to the "Scarborough," man-of-war. and also 
in boarding the British ship, "Prince George," 
capturing her, with nearly two thousand barrels 
of dour ; seventeen hundred of which were sent 
to Washington's army in Cambridge, three hundred 
barrels being reserved, with Washington's consent, 
for the use of Portsmouth. Afterward Captain 
Pickering had command of the "Hampden." a 
twenty-gun vessel, and while engaged in a hotly 
contested battle near Annapolis, Xova Scotia, with 
a much larger British ship, was killed, ]\Iarch, 177!l. 
Pickering Street, running to the river from ^larcy 
Street, was named for him. 

The second street from South ]\Iill Street, on 
the east side of Marcy, is Hunking Street, situated 
on the north side of which is the 


Marked with a bronze tablet. It was here that 
Tobias Lear, who was private secretary to General 
Washing-ton for sixteen years, was born, in 1760. 

In Washington's diary, under date of Tuesday, 
November 3, 1789, he wrote : "I called upon Pres- 
ident Sullivan and ^Nlrs. Lear." ]Mrs. Lear was the 
step-mother of his secretary and occupied this house 
with Sanuiel .Storer, who had married Lear's sister. 
They were the parents of the late Admiral George 
AVashington Storer, who was a baby at the time and 
received AVashington's blessing. Lear served as 
secretary until Washington's death. Afterward he 
was Consul-Cicncral at San Domingo and Tripoli in 
1804. Mr. Lear had tiiree wives, the tirst being 
Mary Long, of Portsmouth : his second was Mrs. 
Ball, a niece of General AVashington, the thii"d 
l)eing Miss Fanny I). Henly. a niece of Martha 


Is situated on the corner of Howard and Alanning 
Streets, nearly opjjosite the ward room. Built by 
Samuel Frost in llni. Captain Nichols, the father 
of the late Rev. Dr. Nichols, of Portland, owned it 
at the time of the Uevolution. Cajitain Daniel Fer- 
nald, who married a daughter of Cajitain Nichols, 
took the house in 1788 and lived here until his 
death, in 18()6, at the age of ninety-eight years, 
three and one-half months. To him Charles AV. 
Brewster was indel)ted for the details of many inter- 
esting "Rambles." 


Situated on the corner of Alechanic and Gard- 
ner Streets, facing the river, is the Gardner house, 
which was built about 1760 bv ]\Iadam jSIark Hunk- 



ing Went worth, for her son Thomas, who died here 
in 1708. After liein<>- occupied during the Kevohi- 
tion by the Nichols brothers, it was purchased in 
1792 by Maj. ^^'iIliam Gardner, who removed liithcr 
from the gaml)rel-roof iiouse on State Street. He 
was born in 1751, and was a prominent patriot, 
holding the position of Commissary for the Revolu- 
tionary Army, in which otlice he lost nearly all his 
property. He lived here until his death, in 1833. 
The interior of the building is a striking example of 
old-time architecture, with its large hall and stairwaj". 
The woodwork of the corridor is profusely orna- 
mented with hand carvings of the Corinthian pattern, 
as well as are the front rooms of the mansion. In 
the yard is the largest and most beautiful linden tree 
in the State, it now being fifteen feet in circumfer- 
ence, and was planted by the Wentworths at the 
time the house was built. The dwelling which for- 
merly arched Gardner Street was built by IMajor 
Gardner, and after the war, the room over the arch 
was occupied l)y him as a United States loan office. 


On the south side of Gates Street, the first 
house from Washington Street is the dwelling 
occupied until 1808 b}' Lawyer Sewall, whose songs 
were so famous daring the Revolutionary War. His 
"^Miscellaneous Poems," jiu1)lishcd in Portsmouth by 
William Treadwell & Company, in ISOI, is a rare 
book of 304 pages. In his "Epilogue to Cato," 
written in 1778, appeared the oft-quoted couplet : 

" No pent-up Utica contracts your powers, 
But the whole boundless continent is yours." 

He was the writer of that stirring song of the Rev- 
olution, entitled "War and Washington," which was 
sung in every cam]) throughout the country. He 
wrote numberless epitajihs, among them 1)eing one 
on the death of Dr. Hall Jackson, who died in 1797. 

"To heal disease, to calm the widow's sigh, 
And wipe the tear from Poverty's svvol'n eye 
Was thine ! but ah ! that skill on others shown, 
Tho' life to them, could not preserve thy own. 
Yet still thou liv'st in many a grateful breast, 
And deeds like thine enthrone thee with the blest." 

James T. Fields, noted as a poet, author and 
pul)lisher, was born and lived in the house, number 
12, on the north side of Gates Street, nearly oppo- 
site the Sewall house. 


Is on the southerly corner of Planning and Water 
Streets, near Liberty Bridge. Before and during 
the Revolution it was the residence of Capt. Thomas 
Manning, who, .standing on the west steps of the 
State Iiouse on the Parade, made the hi.storic decla- 
ration which changed the name of King Street to 
Congress Street. He was very active during the 
Revolutionary period, and being rich he contributed 
liberally to the cause of his countiy. 

On the bend of Manning Street, fronting 
toward Water Street, is the 


Probably the oldest dwelling, except the Jackson 
house, in Portsmouth. It was built previous to 
1(570. The first settler by the name of Wentworth 
in the town was Samuel, who settled at Xew 



Castle. On May 3, l(i70, tlie town records state 
that the selectmen granted " unto Sanuiol AVent- 
worth lihertie to entertain strangers and to sell and 
brew beare as the law allows." The si/e of this 
house would seem to indicate that it was built as a 
public house. His son John, afterward Lieutenant- 
Governor of the Province, was probably born here, 
in ll!71. He lived in this house at the time of his 
marriage in KUlo ; and his son Benning, afterward 
Governor, was l)orn here, in KUH), as well as fifteen 
other children. The house is in a good state of 
preservation. Its chimney measures thirteen feet 
by ten feet at its base, and the beams are twelve I)y 
eighteen inches. Some of the wainscot panels are of 
clear pine thirty-eight inches in width. The house 
is now owned by descendants of Governor Vaughan, 
the predecessor of Lieutenant-Governor Wentworth. 


('aptain .John Pickering, :^d, in Marrii, KiTl, 
agreed that the town should "have full liberty to 
enclose about half an acre upon the neck of land on 
which he livcth, where the people have been wont to 
l)e buried, which land shall be impropriated forever 
unto the use of a burial-place." Previously Captain 
Pickering's father had l)een buried here. The oldest 
stone now legible is dated 1().S2. The stones record 
the names of several prominent families, including 
the Wentworths, the Rogers, jNIeserves, Lears and 
Vaughans ; the tonil) of the latter being located on 
the extreme westerly side of the ground. In the 
primitive days of Portsmouth, in this locality was 
conducted the business of the town. 


The town in 1731 gave permission to a number 
of ))crsons who l)uilt a bridge over the cove at their 
own expense, to be maintained by them. It was called 
"Swing Bridge" from its having a hoist or draw to 
let the A-essels pass, which Canoe Bridge, farther up 
the dock, had not. The name of the bridge was 
changed January it, 17()l). On that day George 
Meserve, the stamp agent for New Hampshire, ujion 
demand of the patriot hosts then assembled, the 
leaders of which were (Japtain Thomas ^Manning, 
John Davenport, George Gains, and others, sur- 
rendered his commission to them, they carrying it 
through the streets on the point of a sword to this 
bridge, and there, amid tumultuous acclaim, at- 
tempted its destruction, l)ut on mature deliberation 
decided that it would be more effective on the Crown 
to retui'n it to England, which later was done, as re- 
lated elsewhere (see Meserve-Webster house). The 
flag which they carried on this occasion bore the in- 
scription, "Liberty, Property and no Stamp," and 
was here flung to the breeze upon a flagstaff erected 
for the occasion, and the place christened "Liberty 
Bridge." The present flagstaff, bearing a shield 
inscribed with the motto of the flrst flag, stands on 
the same sjiot as the original ; the flag being placed 
at half-mast on the day of the funeral of any of the 
contributors to the former and jirescnt flagstaffs and 
flags. A new pole was erected July 4, 1821:, and 
remained until 1899. The subscription papers for 
the poles of 1824 and 1899, for repairs in 1872 and 
for numerous flags, are preserved l)y the "custodian 
of the flao;." 




Formerly stood on the southerly corner of Court 
and Water Streets. Humphrey C'hadhorne, who 
was sent over by John Mason in l(iol, with about 
fifty emigrants, came three miles farther uji the 
river from the little settlement at Odiorne's Point, 
then called Pannaway, and liuilt this, the first ])uild- 
ing of any importance in what is now Portsmouth. 
The land extending over Church Ilill was covered 
with strawberry A'ines, which gave the name "Straw- 
berry Bank" to the locality. The farm connected 
with the Great house covered one thousand acres. 
The Great house was occupied l)y Thomas Warner- 
ton until 1644, then for two years by Sam])son Lane, 
and afterward by Richard Cutt, from lli47 until his 
death in l(i7(). After that date his brother Kobeit 
lived in the house, which remained in the Cutt family 
until it fell in ruins. The place was called "Straw- 
berry Bank" until llif);l, when on petition of the 
inhabitants, then numbering tifty or sixty families, 
the name of "Portsmouth" was adoi)ted, in honor of 
John Mason, the promoter of the colony, who lived 
in Portsmouth, in English Ilanipshirc. 


Court Street extends westei'ly from Water 
Street to ]\Iiddle Street. Al)out midway between 
Water and Atkinson Streets, on the northerly side, 
is a two-story frame house, with a dormer window, 
which formerly was a part of the OiJ> State House, 
removed from the Parade to this location in the 
latter part of 183(i, and converted into a dwelling 
(see Old State House). Court Street, from Water 

to Pleasant, was formerly called Pitt Street. From 
Pleasant to Middle Street it was called Low Street, 
and afterward Jaffrey Street. 

On the southwest corner of Court and Atkinson 
Streets is the 


The bronze tablet on this house states that it 
was "erected in 1770" ; but we think this an histor- 
ical error, inasmuch as this lot of land was purchased 
by -John Stavers of Hon. Theodore Atkinson in 
17()5, and on March 31, 17(58, St. John's Lodge of 
Masons voted to move to the "Earl of Halifax Tav- 
ern," which is conclusive that it was built previous 
to that date, probably in 17(i7. At first it was 
called the "Earl of Halifax Tavern," the sign having 
been l)rought from the old tavern on State Street, 
and was the principal hotel in the town. During 
the early pail of the Kevolution, this place was the 
chief resort of the Tor\' party. The patriots kept a 
jealous eye on the house, and suspecting all was not 
right, made an attack upon it in 1777, and much 
injured it. Afterward it was repaired and the sign 
changed to "William Pitt," in honor of the English 
commoner and defender of the colonists' rights. The 
not altogether kind treatment which Mr. Stavers, the 
landlord, i-eceived, convinced him of his error, and he 
afterward became an earnest supi)orter of the cause 
of his country, and often entertained the officers and 
leaders of the Kevolution at his house. John Han- 
cock, whose bold autograph stands out in audacious 
relief, P^lbridge Gerry, Edward Rutlcdge and many 
others, who inscribed their names on that immortal 



doeiiiiient, the Declination of IndepeiHlence, have 
lieeii i£U('^ts at tliis lioiise ; as also was fieiieral Knox 
a trc(|uent visitor. Lafayette, when here in 17cS2, 
stopped at this tavern ; and here, too, the three 
sons of the Duke of Orleans, Louis Phillippc and 
his two brothers, called while on a visit during the 
French Revolution. In this house, on November 4, 
1789, the noblest guest of them all, the foremost 
American, George Washington, Pi-esident of the 
United States, came, and entering these ])ortals, where 
Governor John Sullivan, his Council and other nota- 
bles had assembled, paid them his last comi)liinents 
before taking his departure from the town and State. 
L^jion the organization of the Grand Lodge of 
Masons in New Hampshire, on July 8, 17ilO, by St. 
John's and St. Patrick's Lodges, of Portsmouth, and 
Rising Sun Lodge, of Keene, their meetings were 
held in the lodge room in the third story, at "Brother 
John Stavers," and General John Sullivan was 
installed Grand Master. When the house was re- 
modeled recently, there was found in the partitions 
in the third story a substance resem))ling bran, 
placed there presumably to prevent sounds coming 
from the lodge room. 


Situated opposite the A\''illiam Pitt Tavern. John 
Underwood, who married a sister of Margery Bray, 
who lived in the oldest house in Kittery, moved 
here and built this house about 1700. The house 
yet remains in possession of some of the Under- 
wood descendants. It was in this house that the 
Roman Catholic people held some of their tirst 

meetings, pre\ious to their having any established 
])lace of worship or church. 


To the westward of the Underwood house is 
the site of the mansion which was built about 1734, 
and occupied l)y Theodore Atkinson, 2d, .Secretary 
of the Province of New Hampshire. The house 
was elaltorately furnished, and the grounds included 
nearly the entire neighborhood. It was patterned 
after the Pepperrell house at Kittery. Mr. Atkin- 
son was a man of great wealth, and at his death left 
a legacy of $1,000 to St. John's Church, the income 
to be used in dispensing bread to the poor, a prac- 
tice that is still followed. 

In addition to his duties as Secretary of the 
Province, he was a delegate to the Colonial Con- 
gress held at Albany in 1754, and also held the 
position of Chief Justice of the Superior Court of 
Judicature. He was succeeded by his son, Theodore 
Atkinson, Jr., who died October 28, 17Gy, and was 
buried with stately honors and imposing ceremonies. 
Two weeks later, on November 11th, his widow was 
married to her cousin, Governor John Wentworth, 
for whom she had entertained an affection in early 

The Corinthian cajiitals from the Atkinson and 
the Deacon Penhallow houses are in the possession 
of William W. Cotton, of this city. 


The dwelling west of the William Pitt Tavern 
was the residence of Thomas D. Bailey and the 

boyhood home of Thomas Bailey Aldrich. The 
house and neifjhborhood were the scenes of many of 
the doings of the "Imd hoy, who was not such a bad 
boy after all." In January, 1877, a societ}' was 
formed for the l)enetit of or|ihan and destitute chil- 
dren, and this house was obtained for their accom- 
modation. The owner, George Bilbruck, afterward 
gave it to the society, which was incorporated in 
1879. After the removal to the Chase Home, the 
Bailey house was used as a liospital until the erec- 
tion of their modern structure on the eminence over- 
looking the South ]Mill Pond. 


Is situated on the southeast corner of Court and 
Washington Streets, and was built about 1730. It 
was given to the society by George B. Chase, of 
New York, in 1881. In" November," 1883, the chil- 
dren were transferred to their new abode, which had 
been fitted for their use l)y the further generosity of 
Mr. Chase. Turning south around the Chase Home 
into Washington Street is 


This ancient-looking dwelling is situated on the 
east side of the street, opposite the Salter house. 
The date of its erection is not known. It has two 
fronts, one facing Canoe Bridge, with the door 
opening into a small garden, the other facing the 
street, with a large square liay window projecting 
over the sidewalk. It was in this iiousc that the 
local Methodists tirst met for worship, and in the 
south parlor their society was organized : and here 

the tirst Sunday-school class of this denomination, 
in Portsmouth, was formed under the guidance of 
George Pickering, one of the active church workers. 


This house is on the north side of the old Canoe 
Bridge, known in later years as Puddle Dock, and 
was moved here in l.sii2, from the southeast corner 
of Pleasant and Court Streets. This was the home 
of Deacon Sauuxel Penhallow, a man of sterling in- 
tegrity, who for years was the local trial justice and 
whose opinion was highly valued on all matters. 
Deacon Penhallow died in this house in 1813, at the 
advanced age of ninetj'-two years. 

Here in the Penhallow house, about 1760, 
John Sullivan, who in later years became famous as 
a General in the Revolutionary War, President of 
the State of New Hampshire and afterward District 
Judge, jJeaded his tirst case. At this time Sullivan 
was employed by iNIatthew Livermorc, a lawyer of 
note, to take care of his horses and do general work 
al)out the jilace. Being of a studious nature, he had 
access to the Itooks in the lil)rary ; and while Inisily 
eno-aged one evening the defendant, in an assault 
case, who was to be tried I)efore Deacon Penhallow, 
called at Mr. I.iivermore's office. He was aljsent, 
l)ut the man, supposing that any one from the office 
might answer his purpose, asked .Tohn if he would 
not take his defense, the latter finally agreeing to 
do so. During his al)sence Mr. Livermore returned : 
tinding no one to take care of his horse and learning 
where John had gone, proceeded to Deacon Pcnhal- 
low's house, where he slipped into an adjoining 




room to hear the young man plead his case. John 
Sullivan was successful and his client was acquitted. 
The next morning Mr. Livermore called him to his 
library, and told him that the kitchen was no place 
for him : to pursue his law studies and he would 
assist him in whatever he needed. From that time 
he was a student with JNIr. T.iivermore, and the result 
is well known, as he soon became one of the eminent 
lawyers of the State. Wiieu Dr. Buckminstcr l)egau 
his ministry here, in ITTil, he boarded at the Deacon 
Penballow house. 

On the south side of Washington Street, after 
crossing what was Canoe Bridge, is the cottage 
l)uilding in which the tirst Sunday-schools were held 
in 1S18. It was changed into a dwelling-house 
and moved here from Livermore Street. (See tirst 
Sunday-school, Livermore Street. ) 


Permission was given lo sundry individuals, in 
1727, to build a ])ridge'over the cf)\e or dock at the 
lowest part of AA'ashington Street, from Ivieutcnant- 
Goveruor "Weutworth's wharf to Captain ShcrliurneV 
wharf, leaving an opening of twenty-tive or thirty 
feet for the passage of ])oats, canoes and snuvll craft. 
It was called "Canoe Bridge," and was reliuilt in 
178(i by Hon. John Langdon and presented in Sep- 
tember of that year to the selectmen of the town. 
Of late years, what little was left of this cove has 
])orne the suggestive title of "Puddle Dock." From 
this dock water was conducted to the grounds of 
lion. John Langdon on Pleasant Street for an aiti- 
ticial pond. The name " Puddle Dock " was undoulit- 

edly derived from the fact that one hundred years 
ago Charles Street, on the north side, was called 
"Puddle Lane," and Hancock Sti-eet, on the south 
side, was called "Dock I^ane," and from these two 
names the water wav between became known as 
"Puddle Dock." 


On the west side of the street, south of the 
Cushman house. The lot of land on which this 
building rests was bought by Captain John Salter, 
in 1770, of John Beck, who had begun to build a 
house upon it. The deed, dated iNIarch 8, 1770, 
describes it as "lying on the street that leads over 
Canoe Bridge, the land adjoining that of Theodore 
Atkinson." Cajitain Salter completed the house and 
moved into it that year. It is now occupied by one 
of his urauddaughters, Miss Augusta P. Salter, who 
is the last survivor of her father's ))ranch of the 
Captain Salter descendants, and is of the tifth gen- 
eration from the original settler, John Salter, who 
came fnnu England about KISO. 


Situated on the west side of the street, south of 
the new double house which occupies the site of the 
Nicholas Balib house. It was built by Captain 
Salter in 17 ill. This was the residence of the Hon. 
Samuel Cushman, who was born in 1783, and moved 
to Portsmouth in ISKI. In 18;>.') to 18;',7 he was a 
Representative to Congress, and for several years 
was postmaster of Portsmouth. He also held many 
nuinicipal offices and was prominent and active in 

A. 1. All, II lux UOL SE. 



politics, holding the office of United States Naval 
Agent for several years. He was a lineal descend- 
ant of Robert Cusliinan, who was the })ronioter of 
the Pl^-niouth Colony in lli2U, and procured the 
"jNIaytlower" for their adventure. The next year he 
followed them, and preached at Plymouth, it is said, 
the tirst New England sermon ever jirinted. Return- 
ing to Court Street, a short distance westerly, on 
the south side of the street is the 


This building was erected in l.S.")7, and is located 
on the south side of Court Street, opposite the 
Colonel Sise engine house. On this site formerly 
stood the old Parson Walton meeting-house, which 
was built about 1718 in Durham, and later renun'cd 
to this city and re-erected as a place of worship by 
the seceders from Dr. Langdon's and other churches, 
who styled themselves " Independent Congregation- 
alists." Their tirst minister was Rev. Samuel 
Drown, and from 1789 to 1822 Rev. Joseph Wal- 
ton, a native of New Castle, was their pastor. In 
1828 the South Parish purchased the building, using 
it for a Sunday-school room and chapel, the former 
occui)ants having organized themselves under Baron 
Stowe, as the Calvin Baptist Society, and moved 
to their new l)uil(ling on ^liddle Street. 


The tirst house on the south side of Court 
Street, east of Pleasant Street, was the Ijirthplace 
of Portsmouth's two well-known poets, Thomas 
Baile}' Aldrich and Albert Laighton, both beini>- 

born in the same room. The verses and sonnets of 
the latter were pul>lished tirst in 18.')il. and then in 
1878, under the title of "Albert Laighton's Poems," 
and dedicated to his cousin, Celia Thaxter. Earl}' 
in 18<;3 he conceived the idea of publishing in book 
form the choicest poems written liy natives of Ports- 
mouth, and aided by the late Aurin M. Payson the 
"Poets of Portsmouth," a volume of four hundred 
pages containing two hundred and sixt\'-seven 
poems, was issued in 1865. He wrote the ode of 
welcome, on the return home of the Sons and Daugh- 
ters of Portsmouth in 1873 and 1883. Returning 
again to Washington Street, on the northerly corner 
of Court Street is the 


In this house Dr. Hall Jackson resided for 
many years, dying here in 1797 at the age of tifty- 
eight years. He was a physician and surgeon of 
distinction, his practice being ver}' extensive through- 
out this section of the country. During the Revo- 
lution he was chief surgeon of the New Hampshire 
troops in the Continental Army, and captain of an 
artillery corps. He was Grand Master of the 
^Masonic Ijody in New Hampshire at the time of 
his death. His father. Dr. Clement Jackson, who 
died in 1788 at the age of eighty-two years, was 
also renowned in his profession. 


State Street is lined with lirick houses of very" 
uniform appearance, the principal exception being 
the one-story frame house near Atkinson Street, 

which was built after the tire of isl;!, ^vhen the town 
passed a vote that no wooden liouse of over one 
story should he huilt in the burned district. State 
Street, from A\^ater to Pleasant, was formerly Queen 
Street, afterward Buck Street, and previous to the 
great fire was very narrow, it Ijeino; but twenty-live 
feet wide at its greatest l)readth. The extent of its 
widening is shown on the maps hanging in the City 
Rooms. The old houses that were consumed in the 
fire of 181.3 are described at length in the "Rambles." 
Westward from Pleasant Street was formerly called 
Broad Street. 


On the north side of State Street, and a little 
east of the head of Washington Street, in the space 
between the residences of Washington Freeman and 
E. M. Fisher (formerly the De Normandie house), 
is the site of the first "Earl of Halifax Tavern." 

The fact that John Stavers was landlord of the 
tavern on State Street and then of the new one on 
Court Street, and hung out in front of each the 
same sign, bearing the jiortrait of the Earl of Hali- 
fax "in scarlet coat and iteriwig of flax," fretjuently 
misleads citizens as well as strangers. 

The first tavern, made famous by Longfellow's 
poem, "Ivady Wentworth," was situated, as stated 
in the poem, on Queen Street, the location being 
confirmed by the plan drawn in 1S14, and now 
framed and hung in the mayor's office. The title of 
the land at that date was in the name of Captain 
Seawards, the son-in-law of William Stavers. 

On October 10, 17.55, the St. John's Lodge of 

Masons met at "Brother John Stavers," and the rec- 
ords state that they "dined upon an elegant dinner." 
From this tavern Bartholomew Stavers, brother of 
the landlord, ran the first regular stage north of 
Boston. His printed bill, dated 17(11, reads that — 
"A large stage chair, with two horses, will be ready 
Monday, the 20th, to start at the sign of the Earl 
of Halifax for Boston, to perform once a week and 
carry four passengers." He advertised again in 
1763 that — "The Portsmouth Flying Stage Coach, 
with four to six horses, would run every Thursday, 
fare $3.00." Afterward it left Portsmouth on Moil- 
day mornings, stopi)ing at night in Ipswich, and 
returning left Boston on Thursday mornings. 

In front of this tavern was laid the first scene 
in the romantic episode so gracefully told by Long- 
fellow in the "Tales of a AVayside Inn," the last 
scene picturing the marriage of Governor Benning 
Wentworth to' ?klartha Hilton. 


Was situated on tiie southeast corner of State and 
Water Streets, on the site of C. E. Walker's coal 
office, and known both as the "New Hampshire" and 
"Portsmouth" House. Water and State Streets 
were widened at this point after the fire of 1813. 
The house was the first brick residence built in Ports- 
mouth, the owner being Hon. Samuel Penhallow, 
"first of his Majesty's Council," who married ^lary, 
daughter of President John Cutt, and died Decem- 
ber 2, 1726, at the age of sixty-one years. Henry 
Sherburne, who was a Provincial Councilor as also 
was his son Henry, purchased the house and resided 

here ill a magnificent style for many years, and l)einij; 
a prominent Mason, the lodge often met here. He 
was horn in l(i74, and married Dorothy Wentworth, 
a sister of John, the Lieutenant-Governor. At the 
formation of the Portsmouth Pier Company, this 
house was jiurchased of the family. In' them, and 
converted into a jjulilic house, called the New Hamp- 
shire Hotel. In 179(! the Pier was huilt with a row 
of warehouses on either side, excelling anything of 
the kind then in New England. The wharf was 
extended 340 feet, with a Itreadth of li.T feet, with a 
building on the south side 320 feet long and 30 feet 
wide, three stories high, and divided into fourteen 
stores. The fire of December 22, 1813, which 
originated on the spot where the Stone Church now 
stands, swept over fifteen acres of the central part 
of the town, destroying State Street and the Pier 
property. Two hundred and seventy-two liuildings 
were consumed and one hundred and thirty families 
made homeless. The fire also destroyed a portion 
of Daniel Street, but fortunately the northern side 
was spared. Passing to Daniel Street through ^lul- 
berry Street, facing you will be seen the 


This house is located on the northwest corner 
of Daniel and Bow Streets, and was built l)y Judge 
John Sherburne, a descendant of Henry Sherburne, 
probably as early as 17150. He was born in 1720, 
and married Elizabeth, daughter of Captain John 
Moffat, and held many public offices under the 
Crown. He was educated a merchant, and employed 
early in life in public affairs, and for many years 

was elected a Representative to the Provincial Leg- 
islature from this town. In 1774 he was appointed 
a memlicr of His Majesty's Council for the Province 
of New IIam|)shire, and was Register of the Court 
of Vice Admiralty and Judge of Prol)ate, which 
positions he held until the Revolution ; but, notwith- 
standing these several otfices and his obligations to 
the Crown, he remained a firm patriot. After the 
death of Judge Sher])urne, in 1797, his son John 
Samuel, born in 1757, probably in this house, 
resided here. 

John Samuel, when a young man, was a volun- 
teer aid to General John Sullivan, who commanded 
the New Hainjishire forces in the campaign around 
New York and Rhode Island in 1778, and while in 
the performance of his duty, in an engagement of 
several days' duration before Newport, on August 
29th, he was hit by a cannon shot and lost his leg. 
He then retired to Portsmouth and resumed the 
practice of his profession, and after the war held 
the ofiice of District Attorney until 1793. He was 
elected in 1790 a Representative for three years, 
part of the time serving as Speaker. In 1793 he 
was elected to Congress, serving two terms. In 
1800 he was in the State Senate, and in 1802 he 
was again aj)pointed United States District Attor- 
ney, serving until 1804, at which time he was 
appointed, by President Jefferson, District Judge of 
the United States, a ]")osition he held until his death. 
He married Submit, daughter of Hon. George Boyd, 
and lived here until he built his new residence on 
Court Street, next west of the old Court House, 
where he died in 1830. 





Tlie oldest l)rit-k l)iiikling in Portsimouth is tiic 
Warner house, located on the nt)rtherly corner of 
Daniel and Chapel Streets, erected at an expense 
of £6,000, in 1712-1'), by a rich merchant, (Japtain 
Archibald Macpheadris, who occu[)ied the house in 
171(). He came here from Scotland and was the 
chief promoter of the Iron '\^'orks at Dover, the first 
establishment of its kind in America, and in 1722 
was a member of the King's Council. He married 
Sarah Wentworth, one of the sixteen children of 
Lieutenant-Governor John Wentworth, and his 
daughter Mary married Hon. Jonathan Warner in 
1754, who was a member of His Majesty's Council 
until the Revolution. Mr. Warner resided here 
until his death, in 1812, when, dying childless, 
the house passed into the possession of his great- 
nephew, Colonel John N. Sherburne. 

The brick and other material used in tiie con- 
struction of the house were brought from Holland. 
The original jjills and bills of lading for the furniture 
and plate, dated 171(>, are still in jiossession of the 
family. Bricks were also used for underj)inning, 
extending considerable distance below the surface. 
The frescoes in the great hall are by the hand of 
an unknown artist, and a portion of them were 
unknown for generations, having been covered l)y 
four layers of paper, but were accidentally discov- 
ered al)out forty years ago. The portraits of Cap- 
tain ^lacpheadris' wife, her daughter, Mrs. Warner, 
and iNIary Warner, painted by Copley, still orna- 
ment the house. The huge elk antlers that yet hang 
in the hall were presented to Captain Macpheadris 

by his Indian friends. The lightning rod on the 
west side was put up in 17()2 by Benjamin Franklin, 
and was probably the first erected in New Hamp- 
shire. Until recently a little house occupied the 
northwest corner of Chapel and Sheafe Streets, 
which was the slave quarters and originally stood 
near the Warner house. 


This burial-ground, next to the Point of 
Craves, is the oldest in the city, and from the 
building of (Queen's Chapel, in 1732, it has lieen 
used as a l)urial-place for the dead. In this enclosure 
are the remains of two of the provincial governors, 
the councilors, secretaries ' and others who held 
offices and worthy positions under the Crown of 
England in colonial da\-s. 

The ground being high, a bank wall extends 
around three sides of the yard, permitting rows of 
tombs with entrances from the street. On the Bow 
Street side, the first on the south is the Wentworth 
tomb, where lie the remains of Lieutenant-Ciovernor 
-John Wentworth and Governor Benning Wentworth 
and their families. In the remaining tombs are the 
Atkinsons, the Shcrburnes, Sheafes, and other 
Wcntworths, the Peirces and Alarshes, the Jaffreys 
and many others holding noteworthy positions in 
the colonial days. There is one tomb here which 
contains the remains of nearly one hundred persons, 
and several are buried under the church. The old- 
est inscription to be found is that on the headstone 
of John Bradford, "17;')(;." Admiral Parrott is 
buried in the tomb just back of the church. Also 

the remains of that old hero of many liattles, 
Admiral Farragut, tirst rested here. At the foot 
of the stairs, under the vestibule, lies the Hon. 
Elijah Hall, who held many positions of trust, 
faithfully performed, and was a hisrh officer on the 
"Ranger," under the eomniand of John Paul Jones, 
which tirst bore the American flag across the ocean. 
The Rev. Arthur Browne, who for fort}- years was 
rector of this church, is l)uried in the Governor Went- 
worth toml). (For ."^t. John's Church, sec churches. ) 


Situated on the corner of Chapel and Daniel 
Streets. On the site of this building was erected, 
about 1(580, a tine gambrel-roof mansion by Thomas 
Daniel, a wealthy merchant, who married Bridget, 
daughter of Richard Cutt. After the death of Mr. 
Daniel, his widow, in 1684, married Thomas (iraf- 
fort, and in her will gave to the town the land for 
Daniel Street ; at the same time she also bef|ueathed 
the site of this building for school purposes (see 
schools). Mark Hunking Wentworth, a merchant 
of wealth and distinction, and a son of Lieutenant- 
Governor John Wentworth, lived here at the time 
of the Revolution. His son John was the Provincial 
Governor at the beginning of the Revolution and 
lived on Pleasant Street. Mark Hunking Wentworth 
died here in 178.5. 


This house, situated on Linden Street, facing 
Daniel Street, was built in the vicinity of 1730 by 
George Jaffrej', 2d, who was born in the Jaffrey 

house at New Castle. At the time this house was 
built he was Treasurer of the Province of New 
Hampshire, as well as Chief Justice of the Supreme 
Court. His son, of the same name, occupied the 
homestead until his death in 1802. He was one of 
the purchasers of the Mason grant, held the position 
of Treasurer of the Province, and was strongly 
opposed to a change of government, and remained a 
Tory until his death. Being without children, it 
was Mr. Jaffrey "s intention to leave his extensive 
property to Colonel .Toshua AVentworth. In some 
way his friend offended him and he left it to his 
grand-nephew and namesake, George Jaffrey Jef- 
fries, of Boston, at that time only thirteen years 
old ; the principal stipulation lieing that he should 
drop the name Jeffries, move to Portsmouth, and 
never follow any profession but that of a gentleman. 
He complied with the conditions and lived until 
18o(). The house, although somewhat dila{)idated 
in ai)])earance, still bears marks of its former archi- 
tectural beauty. 


On the north side of Daniel Street, between 
Linden and Penhallow Streets, is the house, now a 
doul)le tenement, built by Colonel James Stoodley, 
soon after 1761, and kept b}' him as a tavern, 
replacing one of similar design which was l)urned 
in the early part of that year. This was the most 
fashionable hotel in Portsmouth, and the usual stop- 
ping place for travelers lietween Boston and points 
in Maine. The upper story, lighted by its large 
dormer windows, was a spacious arched hall, which 


was used for ^Masonic gatherings, dancing and otiicr 
social functions, and here Colonel Michael Wcnt- 
woi'th, second husband of Martha Hilton, often 
"tiddled till morning on his own favorite violin." 

Hon. Eliiah Hall, who married Colonel Stood- 
ley's daughter Elizal^eth, came into possession of 
the house and died here in 1830, at the advanced 
age of eighty-ffiur years. He was a lieutenant 
under Captain John Paul Jones and sailed with 
him on the "Ranger," and was aboard that historic 
vessel when the noted engagement between this 
pioneer bearer of the American Hag across the 
Atlantic and the "Drake" took place in English 
waters, near the Isle of Man, and after a tierce con- 
test of one hour captured the " Drake " and took her 
a prize to Brest, where the " Ranger " and her new 
American Hag were objects of great attention and 
admiration, and a wonderment at the daring adven- 
tui'e and its success. He also held many political 
offices, including State Councilor, and was naval 
officer for the Portsmouth district after he was eighty 
years of age. In early life he was a shi])wright as 
well as a naval officer, exhibiting nuich al)ility in 
the conducting of affairs. He also was an historian 
of most pleasing st3'le, and his graphic descriptions 
of the "Ranger" and of John Paul Jones' speech in 
Portsmouth are quoted at length in Augustus C. 
Buell's "Paul Jones," published in 1901. Captain 
Jones was a great admirer of Elijah Hall, and 
while in Portsmouth made his home with the Hall 
family much of the time. His niece, Dorothj^ 
Hall, was one of the famous "quilting party" of 
young ladies who made from pieces of their best 

silk dresses the " uncon(juered and unstricken Hag," 
and presented it to Jones to hoist on the "Ranger" 
on July 4, 1777. This Hag afterwai'd was in the 
Hght with the "Drake," and still later was trans- 
fered to the "Bon Homme Richard" and sank with 
her in that remarkal)le and memorable engagement 
with the "Serapis," the most desperately fought 
l)attle l)etween two vessels that history records. 
Thus, most heroically, did this tattered Hag from 
silken gowns go down, enjoying the proud distinc- 
tion of being the Hrst Stars and Stripes to Hoat over 
European waters, and the Hrst to be saluted l)y the 
guns of foreign powers across the ocean. It also 
was the Hrst and only Hag that ever went down Hy- 
ing, on the shi}) that conquered and captured the 
ship that sank her. 


In the second story of the brick building on 
the northeast corner of Daniel and Penhallow Streets 
was located the office of Foster's S/ates and Union, 
which was mobb(>d on April 10, 186.5, when work 
was suspended at the Navy Yard to celebrate the 
capture of Richmond. After smashing the win- 
dows, the press and most of the ontHt were thrown 
into the street. 


Situated on the southeast corner of Daniel and Pen- 
hallow Streets. It was ])uilt soon after the Hre of 
1813, by private parties, but before its completion 
was purchased by the United States, and Htted up 
for a Custom House and Post Office. It was used 

for official piu'itoscs until the new slonc Pt)st Office 
and Customs Building was erected and ready for 
(>ccu[)ancy, when it was vacated and afterward .sold. 


Situated on the southi'riy corner of Daniel and 
Penhallow Streets, opposite the old Post Office and 
Custom House Buildint;-, is the Hart house, l)uilt 
about 1740. This l)uildin<;- was badly damaged, in 
171)1, by the tire which destroyed the first Stoodley 
Tavern, and in consequence of which Wyseman 
Clagett, wiio came here to reside at the time he 
married Lettice ^Mitchell, then removed to the 
Leavitt house on King Street. Noah Parker re- 
sided here at the time of the Revolution, and the 
dwelling being quite pretentious in size it was called 
"Noah's Ark," from which Ark Street, now Penlial- 
low, derived its name. 

Jacob Sheafe l)ought the place in 1791 and 
]iresented it to his daugiitcr Hannah, who married 
Hugh Henderson. William Hart, after the death 
of Mr. Henderson, married his widow and resided 
here, in a corner room of which they kept a small 
shoj). Mrs. Hart died in 1S4.5 at the advanced age 
of ninety-nine years. Passing through Penhallow 
Street you will ()l)serve in front of .you, on the south 
side of State Street, the Methodist Church, for 
account of which see churches. 


This Doric building on State Street was erected 
in l(S3-2, liy John Fisher Sheafe, from designs 
selected bv Rev. Dr. Charles Burroughs. The old 



Brattle organ, so-called, which has been in constant 
use in the chapel since it was huilt, was the tirst 
lirought to America. It was made ))y John Preston, 
of York, Eniiland, in ITOU or 1710, and set uf) in 
(Jamhridije, ^lass., in the house of Thomas Brattle, 
who imported it. This organ was in King's Chapel, 
Boston. Great prejudice then existed against the 
use of musical instruments in religious services : it 
was, however, set up and there used until 17.")(). 
Later it was sold to St. Paul's Church, Newhury- 
port, remaining there until 1X3(5. It was then 
sold for S4.')(t to Rev. Dr. Charles Burroughs, the 
rector of St. John's Church, and placed in this 
chapel, where it has since remained. In December, 
I'JOl, it was taken apart and sent to Boston to be 
exhil)ited at the historic nuisical instrument show 
which opened January 11, l!i02, in Horticultural 
Hall, under the auspices of Chickering Brothers. 
Before being returned to its original location in St. 
John's Chapel the organ was to be put in thorough 
repair, that being a stipulation because of its loan. 

On the site of the chapel was the house of Rev. 
John Emerson, who was an eminent divine, and 
pastor of the South (Unitarian) Church. Soon 
after his death, in 1732, Jacob Sheafe purchased the 
residence and moved here from New Castle. The 
house was destroyed in the great tire of ISlo, the 
most destructive conflagration tliat ever \isited the 


This l)uilding is on the soutii -idc of State 
Street, nearly opposite the new brick Court House, 

and occupies the site of the old structure ceded to 
the town by Ebenezer Wentworth in 173.'), in ex- 
change for the lot on the corner of Daniel and 
Chapel Streets, given the town by ^Irs. Graffort in 
170(». Many men of note have kept school here : 
among them being ^lajor Samuel Hale, who Ix-gan 
teaching at this place in 1748 and continued for 
over thirty years, having under his tutorship the 
boys of Portsmouth who later, at the time of the 
Revolution, the most of them, might have been 
found in the ranks of the Continental Army, like 
heroes, doing yeoman service in breaking the 
shackles of Royal bondage. ]\Iajor Hale, besides 
being famous as a teacher,- commanded a company at 
the siege of Louisl)urg, hence his title. The father 
of Salmon P. Ciiase. Lincoln's Secretary of the 
Treasury, taught school here in 17.S7. The old 
building was replaced by a brick one in 17ilO, which 
was partially destroyed by the tire of 1813, but was 
rebuilt the following year. The high schools were 
kept here by Deacon Amos Tapjian. [Master Eleazer 
Taft and others until the new High School was l)uilt 
on the "Madam Graffort lot" in 1858, which had 
been given the town by her, for this purpose, one 
hundred and fifty-eight years before. The Su]ier- 
intendent of Schools now has his office in this build- 
ing. (See schools. ) 


This building stands on tlie site of the large 
brick mansion built by Hon. James Sheafe, son "of 
Jacob Sheafe, and owned and occupied afterward 
by Jonathan ^I. Trcdick. Mr. Sheafe was a pros- 



pei'ous merchant and a large land owner. He was 
Commissary of the New Hampshire forces at the 
ca}>tnre of I>ouisl)urii'. He died in 1791, leaving to 
each of his ten cliildrcii a lionse in town and a farm 
in the vicinity. 


Located on the n(n-th side of State Street, being 
the second house east of Fleet Street, now occupied 
in part as a laundry ofEee. During the Revolution 
and for some time afterward it was the residence of 
Dr. Joshua Brackett, an eminent physician, who 
married Hannah Whipple, a sister of General 
Whipple. The large stone in front of the house 
came from the Hill house on Vaughan Street. The 
beautiful tiles were stolen from the fireplace while 
the house was being remodeled by its purchaser, 
Edmund M. Brown. From here looking down Court 
Place bej'ond the Stone Church (see churches), on 
tiie south side of Court Street, in full view, is 


This l)uilding is now used as an armory by 
Company B, Second Regiment, N. H. N. G., and 
the Portsmouth City Band. When the old Court or 
State House on the Parade was removed in 18H(j, 
this Ijuildiug was erected and used until the more 
nuxlern Court House was constructed on State Street, 
in 18iil. The lot on which this Inulding stands was 
leased on April 24, 17.5.5, by the selectmen of Ports- 
mouth for almshouse purposes, for tive shillings per 
year, from the wardens of the North Church. The 
almshouse, of two stories and c^uite large, was built 


that year ; tlie selcctiiuMi usino- a poition of it for 
town offices and also an apartment they called Union 
Hall. On October 20, l<So(i, the wardens released 
the payment of the rental by the town for the sum 
of seventy-five dollars. The l)asenient of the Court 
House was at tirst used for the Girls" Hinli School 
and afterward by the Grammar School. 


Is situated on tiie south side of State Street, 
l)etween Court Place and Fleet Street. Captain 
John McClintock was master's mate of a private 
armed vessel in the Revolutionary War. lie held 
the office of naval officer of Portsmouth at the aije 
of ninety- four years. He was the son of Rev. lir. 
Samuel McClintock, who was chaplain of the New 
Hampshire forces at Bunker Hill and is rei)resented 
in TrumbulPs paint ino- of the death of General 


On the northeast corner of Fleet and State Streets. 
This old residence was jjuilt I)y ]\Irs. Charles Trcadwell 
for her son Nathaniel about 1758, he makinii' it his 
home. John Davenport afterward kept a boardinu- 
house here for several years, and from him the house 
derived its name. The hall and stairway is a tine 
specimen of old-time architecture. In 1814, when 
Portsmouth expected an attack would be made on the 
town by the British, about 5,000 militia-men were 
stationed in and about the town and harbor, under 
the coumiand of (Governor Gilman, who had his head- 
quarters at the hotel kept by Mr. John Davenport. 


On the westerly corner of Fleet and State 
Streets is an old house, the date of which is un- 
known. The apartment in connection was occupied 
by the late Benjamin Whitcomb as a candy store for 
fifty-eight years. In 1779 the owners of the lease 
were Joseph and Mary Pitman. It was to "Molly" 
Pitman that Governor Benning AVentworth proposed 
marriage, jjrevious to his having made the like 
jiroposition to Martha Hilton ; l)ut she was engaged 
to Richard Shortridge, a mechanic, whom she mar- 
ried soon after. The (Jovernor was indignant and 
did not forget the reljuff, for soon after Shortridge 
was seized by a press-gang from an English frigate 
in the harbor, and retained for seven years l)efore 
he escaped and returned to his wife. The house 
was occupied afterward by Captain George Turner. 

After the "bad boys" in 1847 l)urned the old 
stage coach, called the "Plow Boy," on the Parade, 
as told l)y Aldrich, who, by the way, was not a ]iar- 
ticipant, they went to "Whitcomb's and indulged in 
ice-creain. Until his recent death the ringleader 
observed every third-of-July anniversary by par- 
taking of an ice-cream in the same room, even dur- 
ing the four years he served as mayor. 


Located on the southwest corner of State and Fleet 
Streets, was the residence of Robert Traill, a native 
of the Orkney Islands. He was Comptroller of the 
Port of Portsmouth until the Revolution. Like 
nearly all the Crown officials he was opposed to the 





Kevolution. and left the province at its beginning. 
His wife, Mary, was a sister of (ieneral Wliii)ple. 

The government in ITfiG granted him the exclu- 
sive right to brew strong beer in the province, and 
from the fact that tlie l^uilding in the rear, on the 
corner of Fleet and Court Streets, was spoken of in 
old times as tlic "old Brewery house," it is likely 
tliat ^Ir. Traill carried on the brewing liusincss in 
that building. 

The leases of both of these lots were at that 
time in the name of Roljcrt Traill, and in 1788 the 
lease was held by Keith Sjience. In 1833 the house 
at the corner of Fleet and Court Streets was con- 
veyed to David Lowd by Charles Lowell, his wife, 
Harriet B. Spence Lowell, (iraeme Keith Spence, 
and Maria B. and Louisa Sjience. Traill's daughter 
Mary married Keith Spence, Esq., a Scotchman : 
the Spence family residing here for many years. A 
son, Rol)ert Traill Spence, was a captain in the 
United States Navy. One of the daughters, jNIiss 
Harriet, married Rev. Dr. Lowell, of Cambridge, 
in 1801), and became the mother of the poet, James 
Russell Lowell. 


On the nortlierly corner of State and Chestnut 
Streets is a tine old residence with its hall and stair- 
way occupying the front half of tiic dwelling. This 
was the home of Colonel floscjiii Whipple, Collector 
of Customs for tiie Port of Portsmouth, a l)rother of 
(ienei'al AVilliani \\'iiip})le, and heie for some time 
he had his othce. The Cdloncl and his wife resided 
in this house many years, and when the Mai-(|uis de 

Chastelleux visited Portsmouth in 1782 he called on 
this lady, and in a letter he speaks of her and the 
house in very complimentary terms, saying "she 
was a lady of understanding and gayety," and the 
house itself as beino- "handsome and well furnished." 

Although the visit of the Marquis de Chastel- 
leux, in several publications, is accredited to the 
widow of Colonel Josejih "Whipple, yet in the old 
papers of Alexander Ladd, written long before the 
death of Madam Whi])ple, it is stated to have been 
the wife of William Whipple, then living in the 
Moffat house. And as (ieneral AVhipple did not 
die until 178;"), and Colonel .Tose])h being alive in 
1797, and was one of the incorporators of the water 
works, it is vcr>' evident tiiat neither of these ladies 
was a widow at the time the Mar(|uis was here. It 
is (|uite i)rol)able. General Whi])])lc l)eing the more 
prominent person of the two, and his wife a talented 
lady, a royal entertainer and an attractive ct)nversa- 
tionaiist, that it was at his house the Marquis vis- 
ited, altiiough he might have called at both places. 

Madam AVhi}iple lived to a ripe old age, and 
died in 1823, thirty-eight years after the death of 
her husband, and was buried in the North Cemetery, 
in the Langdon tomb. (See Secretary Hit'hard 
Waldron house, near the Plains.) 


Stands on the corner of Chestnut and State Streets, 
east of the Rockingham House. It has a handsome 
Paliadian window over the modern porch. It was 

occupied by Edward Cutts, a proiiiiiient lawyer, a 
collector of United States Revenue, and at one time 
president of the United States Branch Bank in 
Portsmouth. His widow, iSiary H. Cutts, daughter 
of ,)acoh Sheafe, left a legacy of about $14,000 for 
the imi)rovement of Kichards Avenue. 


This was formerly the residence of Hon. Wood- 
bury Langdon, born in 17351, an elder brother of 
(iovernor Langdon. He was a successful merchant 
and a tirni patriot, holding many important public 
offices, among them that of Judge of the Sujjrcme 
Court, and served in the Continental Congress in 

John Elwyn, in one of his eccentric pamphlets 
published by him in LS7(), entitled "Some Piscata- 
way Things and a (rood Deal Else," says : " My 
great-grandmother wanted her children to rise in 
the world again. Her oldest son, Woodbury Lang- 
don, was a large, handsome man, my father said: 
the three handsomest men he ever saw n'cre (xeneral 
Washington, Lord Whitworth and Woodbury Lang- 
don. He built the costliest house anywhere about 
and now the Rockingham House." 

When the great tire broke out in 1781 in the 
Treadwell barn on Fetter Lane, near the site of 
jNIusic Hall, it destroyed, among other building's, 
the jail and Mr. Langdon's residence. He, how- 
ever, rebuilt in 1785, occupying it until his death 
in 1805. Li 18;)() the proiierty was purchased li\ 
a company who converted it info a pul)iic house, 
and conducted it as such until 1.S7II, when it was 

purchased by Hon. Frank Jones, who had it remod- 
eled and enlarged. It was badly damaged ))y lire 
in 1884, but fortunately the old colonial dining- 
room was saved, and the main building was reljuilt 
the following year. 


This tine gambrel-roof house is situated on 
Middle Street, the front and fine grounds facing 
State Street, and was built about 1730 ; the exact 
date is not known to the present occupants. It was 
built by Captain Purcell, a well-known merchant, 
and after his death his widow kept a ])oarding-house 
here for many years. Among her guests was Capt. 
John Paul Jones, who boarded with her while he 
was superintending the building of the "America" 
at Badger's Island in 177!t. The house was next 
owned by Hon. John Langdon, and from his family 
it came into possession of the lale Samuel Lord, 
who for half a century was cashier of the Piscataqua 
Bank and its suci^essors, and treasurer of the Ports- 
mouth Savings Bank. 


Corner of Middle and Porter Streets, north of the 
Sanuiel Lord house. It was mainly the gift to the 
North Parish, in 1870, of Miss Mary C. Rogers, who 
lived on Congress Street, near the North Church ; 
her name Ijeing associated with this chapel as was 
tiiat of Governor Langdon's with the building of the 
l)rick vestry on Fleet Street in 1817, now a dwelling 
on the west side of the street near State. The open 
sjiace on the west side of Middle Street, in front of 



Doctor Benedict's residence, according to the map of 
1813, was a way running westerly tin'ougii the 
garden of G. W. Haven, called Geoi'ge Street, 
thence to State, named Lihby Street. 


Jeremiah INIason, a young lawyer, came to 
Portsmouth in 17i)7, and established himself in the 
practice of his profession, becoming eminent as a 
lawyer, jurist and statesman. In 1808 he l)uilt the 
large three-story house situated on the southeast 
corner of State and Sunnncr Streets, where he re- 
sided until he moved to Boston in 1832. He was 
elected a United States Senator in 1813, to repre- 
sent New Hampshire, in which capacity his great 
mental faculties and shrewdness in conducting the 
affairs of state were marked for their keenness, 
good judgment and ability. I\Ir. Mason was a man 
of great stature, Ijeing six feet six inches in height. 
He died in Boston in 1818. Daniel Webster, the 
eminent statesman, with a thorough knowledge of 
Mason, wrote in his autobiogra)ihy thus : "As a 
lawj^er, as a jurist, no man in the Union e(iualed 
Mason, and but one approached him." He referred 
to Chief Justice ^larshall. Afterward the house 
became the property of Daniel H. Treadwell and is 
now occupied l)y his son. Dr. Robert O. Treadwell. 


Fifty years ago this portion of State Street, 
formerly IVIason Street, had only recently been 
extended from Cal)ot Street to Anthony, now Union, 
and but few houses had been built upon it. The 

site of the Catholic Church and the tield west of it 
to AVinter Street was used for a circus tield. In 
the will of President John Cutt, signed in ll!8(), he 
referred to this as the "windmill Held." The foun- 
dation stones of the old mill remained until 1852, 
when the second house on the north side of the 
street, west of Summer Street, was built. 


Situated on the northwest corner of Court and 
Middle Streets, hy Ilaymarket Sijuare. This small 
gambrel-roof building originally stood south of the 
North Church, and here the Orach of t/ie Daij was 
printed by Charles Peirce. The tirst number was 
issued in 1793, and complete tiles of the Omde and 
its successor, the PortsmoufJi JouniaJ, are on file in 
the Puljlic Library. 


One of the most imposing three-story frame 
buildings in the city is the Peirce mansion, situated 
on Court Street, fronting on Haymarket Square. 
This fine residence was Iniilt in 1799 liy John Peirce, 
and at thit time none of the large houses were stand- 
ing in this vicinity, and the hay scales were consid- 
ered on the outskirts of the town. The building has 
a commanding situation and the paneling, pilasters 
and ornaments on the front are unique and fine 
specimens of workmanship. Other features of the 
structure are the circular stairs and the cupola. The 
first of the Peirce family to locate in Portsmouth 
was Joshua Peirce, who came here about 1700, and 
kept a store in his house on the corner of High and 


Congress Streets. He was a ineiul)t'r of the King's 
Council, and was succeeded Ity his son Daniel, father 
of the l)uilder of this house. I'hc mansion has 
always ])een in possession of the family, and is now 
occupied l)y Miss Ann W. Peirce and Mr. William 
A. Peirce and family. 


The old records state that in the year IT.t.t "a 
hay market with convenient scales for weighintj was 
erected near Jliddle Road." By the map of 18K), the 
location is shown to have been Itetween the Oracle 
building and the present reservoir. The hay scales 
were maintained for nearly a century. The square is 
surrounded by dwellings of various styles of archi- 
tecture : the ".'^andy "" ^larden dwelling of the early 
type on the east ; next to it the gambrel-roofed 
Oracle house ; opposite and across Court Street the 
modern Sise dwelling ; on the south the three-story 
Peirce mansion ; and on the northwest, on Middle 
Street, the brick house with a IMansard roof, built 
during the Civil War by Captain William F. Parrott 
from designs by a New York architect ; ne.xt is the 
commodious residence of Joseph W. Peirce, and the 
brick church on the west augmenting the collection, 
which with the many tine old residences suri'ounding 
and about this sciuare, of similar and dissimilar design 
in architecture, completes a jiicturc which in variety 
is seldom e(|ualed. In this s(|uare, near the hay 
scales, on Septemlter \-l, 17(!.'), is the place where 
George ^lescrve, the Sfani)) Agent, with Lord Bute 
and the Devil were hung in effigy as related else- 
where (see I\Ieserve-Wel)ster house). 

The "Rambles" state that these efBgies were 
hung in front of the old jail, then on the corner of 
Fetter and Prison Lanes. But this evidently is an 
error, for Xathaniel Adams, in his "Annals of Ports- 
mouth," states it was "at the hay market," and also 
Daniel Peirce, in his diary kept at the time, states, 
under date of September 12, 176.'), that "effigies of 
a stamp master were displayed all day at the hay 
engine." Considering that Mr. Adams was a large 
l)oy, and living here at the time it happened, and 
likely had a hand in it ; and that of ]\Ir. Peirce in 
his diary we consider conclusive evidence that it 
was at Haymarket Si|uare, and not at the old jail. 


On the west side of ^liddle Street, next south 
of the Parrott brick residence. It was built by 
Hon. I^angley Boardman, a cabinet maker and a 
New Hampshire Councilor and State Senator, and 
owned l)y him and his son. Dr. John H. Boardman, 
and family until 1900. The present owner, while 
repairing the house, wisely made no material changes. 
It has the finest Ionic jjortico in the city, and the 
solid mahogany door with whalebone trimmings, 
unique side-lights, matched boarding and inside 
shutters unite to make it one of the tinest three-story 
dwellings of the period. Among the noteworthy 
features is the front hall, which in 181() was hung 
with jiajier illustrating different scenes in Scott's 
" Lady of the Lake," and is yet in a tine state of 


Is the brick liousf on ^liddle Strrct, near Austin 
Street, on a slight olcvation whicli couiniands a tine 
view of the south portion of the city. It was Ijuilt 
on the site formerly occupied by the house of Colonel 
Joshua Went worth until 1813. Samuel Larkin, 
who married a daughter of Joshua Wentworth, pur- 
chased the estate and erected this house about isi,"), 
and an extract from Mr. Larkin's diary under date 
of Monday, August 31, 1829, says: "This day I 
moved into the house from which I moved in 1817, 
November 30, having lived in the brick house almost 
twelve years." The dwelling Mr. Larkin mentions 
as returning to, is the three-story fi'anie house ad- 
joining on the east. Mr. and Mvs. Larkin had a 
numerous family, there l)eing twenty-two children. 
The property was afterward sold to Mr. Hurd, of 
Exeter, whose daughter married Henr}^ Ladd, who 
came into possession of the estate and lived here 
until his death. The residence is usually known as 
the "Henry Ladd house." Mr. Larkin, who was an 
auctioneer, had a large income from his coumiis- 
sions for selling English vessels and their valuable 
cargoes, the prizes of Portsmouth privateers in the 
War of 1812. It has been stated that four hundred 
and nineteen vessels were taken by fourteen Ports- 
mouth privaleers. Four captured prizes with their 
cargoes were valued at two and one-half millions. 

There are numerous claims by proj)erty owners 
on ^Middle Street that their residences were designed 
by Charles Bultinch, the famous architect of the 
Massachusetts Capitol. Whether the claims can be 
substantiated or not, it is evident that several dwell- 

ings indicate that his designs were followed by sev- 
eral builders after the construction of the Academy. 


There formerly stood on the south corner of 
Middle Street and Richards Avenue one of the finest 
designed and unique residences in the city, bearing 
the marks of an architect like Bultinch, which was 
built by Thomas Haven aljout 1818 or earlier. This 
was torn down and replaced by the present French- 
roofed structure, and, although more money has been 
expended on the enlarged lot than upon any other in 
the city, many residents regret that the l)eautiful 
old brick mansion was ever destroyed. At one 
time this was the residence of the late Admiral 

Extends southeasterly from Middle Street to South 
Street for half a mile. At first it was called Cow 
Lane, afterward Joshua Street from Colonel Joshua 
Wentworth, who lived on the site of the Larkin house 
on Middle Street, and in 1830 the name was changed 
to Auburn Street. In the first year of the Civil 
War the street was lined on both sides with elm 
trees, planted mainly through the personal exertions 
of Dr. Robert O. Treadwell and Henry L. Richards. 
The latter was a member of the 2d United States 
Sharpshooters and fell on the field of Gettys- 
l)urg, July 2, ISii;-), and the name of the street 
was changed to Richards Avenue in his memorj'. 
With the" $14,000 fund from the bequest of Mrs. 
^Nlary H. Cutts the avenue was widened on both 
sides, fenced, curbed and graded. 

The sharp-roofed dwellinir, the seeoiid house 
north of the Marginal Road on the ^east side of 
Richards Avenue, was huilt in 1751 as a town 
schoolhouse on School Street, and was removed to 
this spot and made into a dsvelling-house when the 
brick Bartlett schoolhouse was erected. 


Turning west from Richards Avenue at the 
cemetery. South Street leads over Lincoln Hill, the 
highest part of Portsmouth. The land on the north 
side of the hill was formerly known as " Packer's 
pasture," being the property of Sheriff Packer. Its 
present name was given to it by the late Frank W. 
Miller, who l)uilt the first house on the highest part 
of the pasture. 

Returning to Middle Street through Miller 
Avenue, on the left you jiass the residence and ex- 
tended grounds of II. Fisher Eldredge, and adjoin- 
ing, on the corner of Middle Street, is the residence 
of Wallace Hackett, which is a line specimen of 
modern colonial architecture. 


Is the second house from Middle Street on the east 
side of LTnion Street, next north of the stable, which 
was formerly a stocking factory. Union Street was 
pi'eviously "Anthony," named l>v Anthony Hale, a 
surveyor, who was told hy Mrs. Coffin that the 
street had no name. ^Irs. Coffin ^vas a new i-esident 
at that time and was not aware that in the deed of 
Daniel Austin to -John Lowd, in 1804, it had been 
called "Union Street." When it was extended 



southerly from Middle Street, the name was restored 
in answer to the petitioners who resided on the street. 
The identity of the Francis house has been in 
doubt for some years. It was located, however, for 
the writer b}' George W. Haven and also by Peter 
Emery, both of whom died soon after, the latter at 
the age of ninety-nine years, who could well re- 
member the time of Its erection. It was built soon 
after the War of 1812, by John and Nathaniel A. 
Haven for a negro named John Francis in gratitude 
for the service rendered by him during the war : a 
ship owned by that tirm having been captured Uy 
privateersmen, Francis succeeded in secreting the 
proceeds of the sale of the cargo, $1.t,00() in gold 
coin, in a slush tub. He served on board with the 
cai)tor"s prize crew until land was reai-hed, when he 
begged the slush tub with its sixty jiounds of greasy 
gold for his penjuisite, and safely returned the 
money to the Messrs. Haven. 


The old town Pound was situated on the South 
Road, at its junction with Middle Road, and was 
located at the side of the driveway, about twenty 
feet east from the corner of the walls dividing 
Middle and South Roads. It was constructed of 
natural stones, large and substantially liuilt. it being 
about twenty-tive by thirty feet square, with an 
entrance on the west end and a gate with a pon- 
derous padlock fastening. The two small elm trees 
now standing here have lately sjirung up, one at 
the west end and the other at the east end of where 
the old Pound formerlv stood. 

On May 8, 17.').'), Kliphaz Dow, of Hampton 
Falls, was hung here for the nmrder of Peter 
Clough, the gallows being erected about fifty feet 
east of the Pound, opposite to where the old Tucker 
house now stands, and he was buried on the north 
side of the road, on the slope of the small hill, al)out 
seventy-tive feet east from the gallows. 

On the 27th of December, 173;i, two women, 
Sarah .Simpson and Penelope Kenney, were hung 
for the murder of an infant child. In the morning, 
)ire\ious to their execution, they both were permitted 
to attend public divine services, preparatory to their 
being so ruthlessly launched into eternity from a 
pul)lic scaffold. Sai'ah Simpson attended at the Old 
South Meeting-house and Penelo})e Kenney at 
Queen's Chapel, where, under the trying ordeal of 
immediate doom, they listened to dis(|uisitions 
from their respective representatives of the Deity. 
"Whether these two women were judicially murdered 
here or at the cemetery where Ruth Blay was killed 
we are unable to state, but prol)ably at one or the 


On the 27th of .Vugust, ll!.")7. the town empow- 
ered Brian Pendleton. John Cutt, Richard Cutt, 
William Seavey and Henry Sherburne, the select- 
men, to build a meeting-house, which they proceeded 
to do at once. The articles of agreement specify 
that "The meeting-house to be made 40 ffect S(|uare 
with 12 windowes well fitted, 3 ful)stanciall doers and 
a complete puli)it." The building was erected upon 


the hill l)el()w the niill-daiii, south of the fountiiiu. 
on the site now oociqiied liy the lioljerts, at 
the "croteh of the roads" leading to New Castle and 
South Street. When first built, it had neither pews 
nor window-shutters ; it was adorned with a low 
helfry, in which was hung the first cluuxh-hell in 
New Hampshire, in 1()(!4. Kev. Joshua Moody was 
the first minister, and hegan his pastorate the first 
of the year 1658, but was not regularly ordained 
until 1()71. He was at iirst supported by subscrip- 
tion, eighty-six persons having sul)scribe<l for the 

There was preaching by Messrs. Parker, Brown 
and others in the chapel on Pleasant Street previous 
to the l)uilding of this meeting-house. It was not 
until Mr. Moody had preached here twelve years 
and had gathered a congregation which could hardly 
find room in the meeting-house that stejis were taken 
for the formation of a church. Mr. jMoody's own 
written account of the "(lathering of ye Church of 
Christ in Portsmouth" may still be read in the rec- 
ords, now in possession of the North Church, under 
date of 11)71. 

In 1(3(!2, at a general town-meeting, it was 
"ordered that a kage be made for the unruly and 
those who slept in meeting, or took tobacco on the 
Lord's day out of the meeting in the time of the 
publi(]ue exercise." Not for nine years was this 
enactment put in force, then the selectmen emjjloyed 
John Pickering to build a cage twelve feet S([uare 
and seven feet high. "The studs to be si.x inches 
broad, four inches thick, and the openings between 
them to be three inches. The studs are to l)e round 

the said kage. and at the bottom and overhead. The 
said Pickering to make a good strong dore and 
make a sul)stantial j)ayer of stocks and place the 
same in said kage, and also build on the rough of 
said kage a firm pillory. All which kage, stock and 
pillory to l)e l)uilt and raised in some convenient 
space from the westward end of the meeting-house, 
by the last day of (October next ensuing." The cage, 
stocks and pillory were constructed as directed, and 
it is recorded that it was quite fre(|uently used in 
all of its amplitications, and sometimes on those 
([iiite high in the society of those days. 

In l(i(ii) there was granted to "Mr. ffryer the 
Townc's right of twentie foote square of land be- 
tween the path and Mr. Coming's ffence neere the 
meetinghouse to sett up a house and keep wood in 
to acconnnodate himself and family in winter time 
when he comes to meeting." 

The last l)aptism recorded by Mr. Moody was 
that of William Pepperrell, [May!), ICitT, who was 
afterward created a l)aronet by the British Crown, 
in consei|uence of his success in leading the expedi- 
tion against Louisburg, in 174.">. 

"At a generall Town meeting held at Portsmo. 
this 24th day of September, 1711, Voted, that a 
new meetinghouse be built in the Town ; Voted, 
that the new meetinghouse be built on the corner of 
the Minister's Held and that it be ye stated meeting- 
house of ye Town." But quite a minority, nearly 
one-half, deemed this locality too far north, and a 
quarrel was soon generated, deveIo]iing a spirit not 
conijiliinentary to Christian hearts. When the house 
was comijleted, the minister. Rev. Nathaniel Rogers, 

wa8 oi'dcred, hy vole of the jjiuisli, to ]>rc:icli the 
ensuing Sundiiv at the new l)iiildinii- at Stra\vl)ei-ry 
Bank, and did so, reniovinj>- witii him, at the same 
time, the plate and the church records, while the 
minority, led by Captain John Pickering, continued 
to worship at the old meeting-house, and called Rev. 
John Emerson, of New Castle, to l)e their pastor. 
The quarrel which was precipitated by the l)uilding 
of the new meeting-house at the "Bank" lasted for 
many years. Those going to the new church were 
called the North Parish, and those remaining at the 
old, the South Parish : the main (]uestion at issue 
being, which parish was entitled to tlie benefits of the 
glebe land and the town taxes. The controversy at 
iirst was referred to an ecclesiastical council of Massa- 
chusetts, with Cotton Mather at its head, which ren- 
dered a decision in favor of the South Parish. This, 
of course, was not satisfactor_y to the other contending 
party, and it was then carried to the General Assem- 
bly of the Province of New llamiishire, which, after 
several deliberations, finally adjudged the glebe land 
to the North Parish : l)ut" that both the North and 
South were town ]iarishes and equally entitled to 
the town taxes. This decision was satisfactory to 
no one, and the distribution of the taxes being a 
bone of contention, it was in 1716 agreed that each 
parish should support its own minister, and there 
the matter has since rested. 

The South Parish continued to worship here 
until 1731, when they erected a new building on 
Meeting-house Hill. The old meeting-house was 
soon after removed ; a part of it being taken to 
Congress Street, on the site of Congress Block, and 

remodeled into a dwelling, the remainder was used 
to enlarge the schoolhouse at the south end, near b}'. 
The old bell, which was placed in the belfry in 16li4, 
was removed with that portion of the meeting-house 
used to enlarge the school building in 17o2, and 
remained there until l.S4(>, when a new schoolhouse 
was built, at which time it was sold to George 
Raynes, and erected over the office in his shipyard, 
remaining until al)out 1870. It then, being badly 
cracked, was sold for old metal to Andrew Gertish, 
a brass founder, and was probably melted down. 
Thus ended the identity of the old bell, the aged 
veteran, which, for two hundred and six years, tirst 
called the people to their worship, then for one hun- 
dred and fourteen years summoned the youth to the 
task of their intellectual development, and lastly its 
peals were for those who, by the sweat of their 
brow, "eat bread" and create the abundance wdiich 
supi)lies the world. 


Previous to the building of the First (or North 
Congregational) Meeting-house on the corner of 
Congress and Pleasant Streets, in 1712, worship was 
held in the meeting-house at the mill-dam. 

In the record l)ook jireserved by this church, 
liegun by Rev. Joshua Moody, in 1(571, there is 
written on page 54 a memorandum by Rev. Ezra 
Stiles, while a pastor of the church in 1777, in which 
he writes : "There is an instrument in being which I 
have seen, which gives the foundation of the jiarish 
about 1C40 and signed by most of the inhabitants of 
Strawberrv Bank." 


2 £ 

7 I 

a n 

^ o 

The iii'st-nicctins-housc on this site was ready 
for occupancy in 1712, and Kev. Nathaniel Rogers, 
who came here with tlie parish from the old meet- 
ing-house at the mill-dam, preached his tirst sermon 
in this building in .lanuary, 171o. It was seventy 
feet long and three stories high, with two galleries 
and three tiers of windows set with diamond-shaped 
glass in leaden sashes. The pulpit (>ccu]Mcd the 
middle of the western side, and was surmounted hy 
a large sounding-board. A steejile one hundred and 
tifty feet high was .soon after added. 

Among the prominent pew holders were (Tcncral 
William Whipple and Governor John Langdon, and 
in 1815 and 1816 Daniel Webster served as warden. 
Town meetings were held in this meeting-house until 
17(52, when the parish voted not to permit further 
public use of the building. The doors were locked, 
but the selectmen's warrant had been issued, and the 
citizens, considering the meeting legally warned, 
made forcible entrance and transacted their business. 

In 1741) a clock was presented to the town by 
several gentlemen, and jilaced in the steeple. Stoves 
were not put in until 1822. One of the most dis- 
tinguished ministries this church has seen was that 
of Rev. Dr. Joseph Buckminster, who served the 
parish with marked ability for thirty-three years 
from the beginning of his pastorate in 1779. When 
President Washington visited Portsmouth in 1789, 
he attended servic;e on Sunday afternoon at this 
church, and it is said that on this occasion Dr. 
Buckminster delivered a very excellent and apjiro- 
l)riate sermon. Many public meetings were held in 
this building during the exciting times of the Revo- 

lution. In 188ii the meeting-house was remodeled 
and the town deeded to the parish the present 
boundaries marked by the stone posts, in exchange 
for the lot on Court Street, now occupied by the old 
Court House. In 18r)4 the old meeting-house was 
j)uiled down and the present edifice erected at a cost 
of $;-iO,000. A new organ and memorial windows 
were added in 1890. The church contains mural 
tablets commemorative of the ministries of the Rev. 
Nathaniel Rogers and Rev. Samuel Langdon, D. D. 


The schoolhouse and ward room, with its 
churchlike architecture, now occupies the site of the 
Old South i\Iceting-house, which was built in 1731. 
The land on which it stood was given by John Pick- 
ering, second of that name, and the timber for the 
building was cut on and about the premises. After 
the frame was raised. Rev. John Emerson, from 
the staging, offered a jirayer, which was his last 
public effort. He died tiiat year and was succeeded 
by the Rev. William Shurtleff, in 1732, who was 
the first pastor after moving here from the old 
meeting-house at the mill-dum. The spire was 
struck by lightning and consideral)ly damaged in 
1759. This place of worship was occupied by the 
South Parish until the Stone Church on State Street 
was completed, in 182(i, at which time they vacated 
the old meotiug-house and removed to the new and 
sulistantial building which they now occu|)y. The 
old meeting-house, for many years, was used for 
various purposes, until 18()3, when it was taken 

north church. 

people's church and south ward room. 

n. ST. JOHN s church. 


down. Tlie ))0(lies of two of the former pastors, 
Revs. AVilliani Sliurtk'ff and Job Stroiiir, had Ijccn 
))uried under the connnunion table in the ehureh, 
and at this time their remains were disinterred and 
removed to the Soutii Cemetery, where suitable 
monuments were erected. Their young minister, 
Rev. Job Strong, lived l)ut two years after being 
ordained. Then followed the long and distinguished 
ministry of Rev. Dr. Samuel flaven, who, for a 
time, was assisted bj- Rev. Timothy Alden. After 
Dr. Haven came the brilliant pastorate of the Rev. 
Dr. Nathan Parker, who, in 1.S19, attended at Balti- 
more the ordination of licv. -Tared S}>arks ; on which 
occasion the Rev. Dr. William Ellery Channing 
preached and lioldly proclaimed the Unitarian theol- 
ogy. The lil)eral sentiments there enunciated were 
being disseminated in New England, and impreg- 
nating ecclesiastical circles throughout the country ; 
bringing forth, from the not altogether tolerant in 
the established churches, reproach and censure, and 
in man}' instances kindling fires of bitter animosity. 
On his return. Dr. Parker was denied ministerial 
intercourse by the Pascataqua Association of Minis- 
ters, and was reproved as an infidel. Dr. Parker 
remained, and was their pastor at the time the 
society moved to their new building. 


Built of Rockport granite ))y the South Parish in 
1824-6. Dr. Nathan Parker preached in the new 
church until his death, after an eventful pastorate 
of twenty-five years, and was succeeded by Rev. 

Andrew P. Peabody, who served them until he loft 
for Cambridge, in l.Siid, to accept the Phunmer Pro- 
fessorshij) of (.'hristian florals at Harvard College. 
Rev. James De Normandie for twenty years was 
their pastor, when in 1883 he was called to Massa- 
chusetts, to serve as pastor of the First Religious 
Society in Roxbury, and was succeeded in 1884 by 
Rev. Alfred Gooding, the present pastor. 

The ministry of the South Parish has been as 
follows : Rev. John P^merson, installed March 28, 
171.5, died January 21, 1781 ; Rev. AVilliam Shurt- 
leff, installed Fel)ruarv 21, 1733, died ^lay !>, 1747 ; 
Rev. Job Strong, ordained January 28, 1749, died 
Scpteml)er 30, 1751 : Rev. Samuel Haven, D. D., 
LL. D., ordained May (i, 1752, died March 3, 1800 ; 
Rev. Timothy Alden '(colleague), 1799-1805; Rev. 
Nathan Parker, D. D., ordained September 14, 
1808, died November 8, 1833; Rev. Andrew P. 
Peabody, D. D., ordained 1833, died March 10, 

The great fire of 1813 started in the rear of 
the residence of Daniel Webster, upon the premises 
of Moses Woodward, the site of this church. 


Situated on the hill at the corner of Chapel and Bow 
Streets. Eminent authorities state that a majority 
of the early settlers of Portsmouth belonged to the 
Church of England, and soon after the settlement, 
probably about 1()38, the exact date not being known, 
a chapel and parsonage were erected on Pleasant 
Street, on the site of the Rev. Samuel Langdon 
house, north of the present Universalist Church ; 



and worsliip was coiidueU'd in the cliai)C'l according 
to the ritual of the Church of England. The plate 
and service l)ooks were sent over from England hy 
Captain .John Mason, one of the founders of the 
jilantation at Pascataqua. In the year KiH.S Rev. 
Richard (iilison was installed as })astor and con- 
tinued until l(i42, when he was called before the 
General Court at Boston to answer to the charge of 
having ])erfornicd the marriage ceremony, and that 
of baptism at the Isles of Shoals, without authority 
from the Governor of Massichusetts. He ajjpeared 
before the Court and frankly admitted that he had 
acted as charged, and furthermore stated that he 
should, under like circumstances, repeat the offense. 
He was ordered to leave the Province, and soon 
after sailed for England, iiaving been jiractically 
banished from these shores. 

For a long period, mainly on aciount of eccle- 
siastical dissensions, no regular Episcopal services 
wei'e held, but in 173"2 a number who had stead- 
fastly adhered to the faith organized and erected, on 
the site of the present church, a building which was 
named "(Queen's Chapel," in honor of Queen Caro- 
line, who presented the society with a service of 
plate for use of the altar, all stamped with the royal 
arms. This handsome coinnmnion service is still 
used at St. .Tohn"s. At the same time was received 
the "Vinegar Bible, "" which to-day stands in its 
handsome case in the church. In 1 7;W> a chalice of 
silver was presented by Captain Christojiher Kyines, 
which is still in use. The lieauliful marble font is 
an ancient piece of workmanship, and was l)roughl 
from Senesal b\- Captain .liihu 'I'ufton Mason, a 

resident of Portsmouth, who particij>ated in this 
African expedition, and captured the font in 17.')8. 
It, undoubtedly, antedates the settlement of this 
country. There is engraved upon the metal lid of 
the font, in Latin, the story of its presentation to 
Queen's Chapel. The translation is as follows : 

"Sarah Catherine and Anna Elizabeth, accomplished 
daughters of Captain John Tufton Mason, generously 
gave this Baptisterinm, acquired from the French at 
Senegal under the auspices of the above-mentioned 
John, to the English Churcli at Portsmouth in tlie year 
of our Lord 1761 and the 26th of the preaching of 
Arthur Browne. W'yseman Chigett and Samuel Liver- 
more, Wardens." 

The liell which hangs in the belfry of St. John's 
has an interesting history, as it w-as captured in 
174.T, at Louisburg, from the French, and was 
l)rought home by the officers of the Xew Hampshire 
regiment, which assisted in the capture. The bell 
was cast in France, and had been sent to Louisburg 
in the early part of the century. It hung in the 
belfry of (Queen's Chajiel for si.\ty years, until 180(!, 
when that editice was destroyed by tire. The bell 
was so badly damaged that it was necessary to have 
it recast, the work being done by Paul Revere, of 
Revolutionary fame, in Boston. When the present 
church was completed, in 1S()8, it was hung in the 
belfry, and for a period of nearly ninety years, until 
181M;', did faithful .service. At that time it was 
found that its tone had become so nmch impaired 
that another recasting was necessary, in which three 
hundred pounds of new metal were added. Thus we 
ha\i', in the bell which every Sunday rings out from 
the tower of St. .John's, the metal of the old bell 
that neailv two hundred \ears ayd called the French 

to praj'ers within the walls of Ijouisburg. If any 
should wish to clinil) the long and tedious stairway 
to the bell, they will find upon it, cast in relief, 
these inscriptions : 

"Vox Ego Sum \'itae 
\'ocQ Vos, Orate Venite." 
The English of this Latin inscription being : 

I am the voice of life, 

1 call you : Come ! Pray. 
Beneath the luottn, the history of the bell is told, as 
follows : 

"This bell brought from Louisburg 

by Sir William Pepperrell, 

A, n. 1745. 

" Recast by Paul Revere, 
A. D. 1S07. 

"Again recast 
A. D. 1896." 

Upon the riui appear these words : 

" My mouth shall show forth Thy praise." 
On the o))posite of the bell is the following verse in 
English : 

" From St. John's Steeple 
I call the people 
On Holy Days 
To prayer and praise." 

Here in (Queen's Chapel, on the morning of 
November 1, 17!Sil, President (Tcorge ^^ asiiington, 
accompanied by the President of New Hampshire, 
John Sullivan : Hon. John Langdon, Secretary Lear 
and Marshal John I'arker, attended services and sat 
in what, in Colonial times, had been the pew of the 
Royal Governors, a large, scjuare, canopied jiew, in 
which were placed the two anti(|ue chairs ])re- 
sented by (^ueen Caroline. In one of these chairs 

Washington sat, and it is ])clieved that the one 
saved at the time of the tire in iSOii, and which now 
stands within the chancel rail of St. John's, was the 
one occupied by President Washington that Sunday 

The corner-stone of the present church was 
laid on St. John's Day, June 24, 1807, by Thomas 
Thompson, Grand Master of the iNIasonic fraternity 
of New Hampshire, tiiere lieing a large niilitaiy and 
civic gathering. 

In ll'.Uj Rev. Arthur Browne was settled as 
rector, retaining the })osition for thirty-seven years, 
until 17 To, when he died, aged seventy-four j^ears. 
During the Revolutionary days no regular services 
were held in this c-hapcl. In the summer of 180tt 
Mr. Charles Burroughs, of Boston, officiated as 
reader in St. John's Church, and that fall he received 
and accepted an invitation to become its pastor. On 
May 20, 1812, nearly two and one-half years later, 
he was admitted to the order of priest, and on the 
following day was inducted rector of St. John's 
Church, and scM-vcd until lS.-)7. 


In 1 7<s4 this society built a churt'h near A'aughan 
Street, afterward known as "The Cameneum," but 
as early as 1773 Rev. John Murray, the founder, 
had preached to them occasionally. Rev. Noah 
Parker in 1777 officiated as pastor in a small school- 
house on Market Street, and then removed to the 
Sandemanian meeting-house. In LSOS a tine large 
edifice was erected on Pleasant Street, south of the 
site where stood the first Episcopal tUiapel. It w^as 

destroyed by lire in 189G, and the present 1)rick 
chnrt'h erected on the site the s.ame year. 


The tirst meeting, and the one which formed 
the nucleus of this association, was held in Jefferson 
Hall in October, 1802, by Elder Ellas Snuth, of 
Eppins:, who soon after moved here, living on Bridge 
Street in a house belonging to Edward Call. Meet- 
ings were conducted there l)y him every Sunday, 
until the great tire of Deceml)er 2(;th of that year 
destroyed the building, after which services were 
held in the North Schoolhouse until March, 1803, at 
which time they procured from the selectmen the use 
of the court room in the Old State House. Here in 
that month they organized their society ; agreeing 
to call themselves a Church of Christ, or simply 
" Christians, without the addition of any unscrip- 
tural name." On the first Sunday in April following 
they held their tii'st communion, the Elder occupying 
the judge's stand as a pulpit and the members the 
seats of the lawyers, which, says Elder Smith, " were 
just enough to contain the members." Up to this 
time the society was very small, but from this period 
its growth was rapid, and in less than a year the 
membership was over one hundred and tifty. The 
society worshiped here until the latter jiart of 1803, 
when they moved to their new church, which was 
erected that year on the site of ]\Iusic Hall, where 
they remained many years. In al)out 1839 they 
purchased the brick church on Pleasant Street and 
moved into it, remaining until 185(5, after which 
they occupied Lord's Chapel on Hanover Street. In 

1858 they again returned to worship in the Temple, 
so-called, the place tiiey had erected tifty-tive years 
previous. Su))sc(|uently they purchased the Free 
AVill Baptist Church on Court Street, which they 
now occupy, the tirst service being held January 8, 
1862. Several years later this I)uiiding was exten- 
sively repaired, and rededicated Feln'uary 4, 1891. 

On September 1, 1808, Rev. Elias Smith began 
in Portsmouth the jiublication of the IlemJd of Go>f- 
pel Liberty, this being the tirst religious paper ever 
issued in the country, if not in the world ; and is 
yet the organ of the Christian Church, now pub- 
lished in Dayton, Ohio. 

Elder Smith freijuently issued books and pam- 
phlets, and preached in nearly all parts of the coun- 
try. He was a bold, energetic and fearless writer 
and preacher, his main fault seeming to be in calling 
things by their right names, which to the maculate is 
usually "the unpardonable sin." Ills unusual and 
advanced ideas on religious topics made him a mark 
for repeated assault upon his theology from leading 
men of the established churches, and in many in- 
stances he suffered persecution of the most unchris- 
tian nature, and often had to seek protection from 
the frenzy of violent mobs. Of the many experi- 
ences, we (juote from his own pen some of the 
happenings at their new church, then situated on 
the site of Music Hall. 

"Our meeting-house was stoned many times 
when full of people. The windows were frequently 
broken, and three whole windows were once carried 
off in one night. At one time they threw a vial of 
asafuetida into the aisle, which broke as it fell upon 

the floor. The opposers fired onus around the 
house, made liideous uoise.s, l)eat drums, played on 
fiddles and fifes, ))le\v horns and whistles, fastened 
our door when the house was full of peoj)le, and 
came with a mob to take me out of the pulpit when 
preaching. I was often disturl)ed while ))aptizing, 
and once a man undertook to baptize another to 
show his contempt of baptism." 

In tlie article on "The Temple" where it says 
"Free Will Baptist," it should read "Christian." 
Elias Smith former!}' was a Baptist and did not 
withdraw from that society for some time after 
organizing the Christian Church, and by this means 
the societies became somewhat confounded. 


The dogma of the Methodists was preached in 
Portsmouth as early as 1790, by Jesse Lee, though 
no society was organized until 1808, which was 
effected in the Hutchings house on Washington 
Street. About tliis time they purchased the " Came- 
neum," on Vaughan Street, of the Universalist 
Society, for $2,000. It was occupied by them until 
they moved to their new church on State Street, in 
1827, which was built that year at a cost of §9,000, 
and Rev. John II. Matfit, the noted revivalist, was 
then assigned here as pastor, and lived in the brick 
house on the southerly corner of Daniel and Chaitel 
Streets. His son John, at this time, was al)out ten 
years old, and afterward became noted as the com- 
mander of the rebel privateer, "Florida." 


This church is situated on the corniT of State 
and INIiddle Streets, and was erected in 1828. The 
church was organized August 10, 182(5, b\^ eight 
individuals who met for worship in the Assembly 
House on Yaughan Street. It has been recently 
extensively repaired and decorated and a new Guild 
and Pastors Study erected on State Street, on the 
site of the first chapel, which was built in 18.")2 and 
occupied until the completion of their new chapel, 
situated on the ojijiosite side of State Street. 


Is situated on Madison Street, oj^posite the west 
end of Austin Street. The stone of which it was 
constructed was taken from I^each's or Murph}''s 
Island in Little Harl)or. By the will of George M. 
Marsh, who died November 19, 1878, there was 
left a be(iuest for the founding of this church. The 
corner-stone was laid on St. John's Day, 1880. 
The church was dedicated July o, 18,S3. The seats, 
bv will of the founder, are made free. 


Built in IS.'iS, on the cornt'r of Hanover and Pearl 
Streets. The society was organized in lSo2 by 
Rev. David Marks, who was one of the leading men 
of the denomination in those days. The society 
was disljanded in 184(! and reorganized in 18.51. 
The pi'csent building was remodeled in 18(>() during 
the pastorate of Rev. L. L. Harmon, who was pastor 
from 1806 to 1877. 

The Free Will Baptist denomination was 
founded by Benjamin Kandall, of New Castle, who 
was once a sailor. Primarily he was a memlier of 
the Congregational Church, suhseciuently of the Bap- 
tist Church in Berwick, Me. He was of a studious 
and inquiring nature, thinking for himself ; and not 
being in harmony with the established creeds, and 
persecuted at home he retired to Xew Durham, where 
he established the mother church of this denomina- 
tion in ITrSO. There were numerous adherents of 
this faith, the "Freewillers," in and about Ports- 
mouth, [)revious to and after IfSOl, at which time 
there were seventeen Free Ba])tist Churches in this 
State ; but no record can lie found of any organiza- 
tion having been perfected here until 183^. 


On the corner of Pleasant and Livermore Streets. 
This building was erected for a Congregational 
Church in 18:^9 by a branch of the North Church, 
forty members having l)ecn dismissed for this pui- 
pose. It was sold to the Christian Bajitists in 1.S39, 
and altered into a triple dwelling-house in 18.58. 


Was organized January 4, 185n ; their house of 
worship being dedicated in June of that year, and 
recently has been (|uite extensively remodeled. It 
is situated on the north side of Hanover Street, next 
the engine house, once the old Lord Chapel. 


The lirst scr\ ices of the Uomaii ('alhoiics were 
held in the Pcduzzi Buildinu', on the corner of (V)n- 

gress and High Streets. In 18.t2 a frame church 
was built on the corner of Summer and Chatham 
Streets, over the ledge in the old circus tield. This 
was during the rectorship of Rev. Charles ^NlcCallion, 
who was the first resident priest. At that time the 
congregation numbci'ed about three hundred. The 
building was destroyed by tire in LSTl. 

In 1873 the present In'ick church was built at a 
cost of $.50,000. The beautiful memorial windows 
were the recent gift of Rev. Father E. M. O'Calla- 
ghan, P. R., a former rector, now the Vicar-(iencral 
of the State. The society numbers ui)wards of 
two thousand members, and is one of the wealthiest 
in the city, owning nearly the entire square bounded 
l)y Sunnner, Austin, Winter and Chatham Streets. 
On the corner of Austin and Winter Streets is 
the large Parochial School owned by the society, 
built in 1S87. 


Some original documents, counterparts of nearly 
all the leases and the schedules of the lessees, have 
recently been found by the writer, which have ena- 
bled him to compile a plan of the lower glebe and a 
more detailed and accurate account of the whole 
grant than was possible heretofore. The accompa- 
nying plan shows the first owners of the leases, just 
after the land was laid out into house lots in 170.3 ; 
again in 1788, and a few as late as 1825 had not 
secured discharges from the 999 year leases. 

On the 25th of May, llUO, only seventeen 
years after the lirst settlement, Francis Williams, 
the first ajipointed (iovernor of the colony, and 

\l<nS W|ttoCtiui(hV;a,c(,4, 

CouyX >\p"«j Litc\( A., v^:ib 



>\i<\v ^vi,\ >-y no Gtfouivv t\ 

*^"<?4<"vMTl SI 


^ixcKS>:.'R»6(»\ioivi4, Y»«iCV\l6\v<>»\?>\ 

J 'B^OIl^\\ \-lC^( 



^ftivaiA, >"|0'j 

'.S.finWlcW qiil J WoVhtr nil 


iiov^vA^X M.^7>fe^^^„,^, 


Ambrose Gibl)oiis, his assistant, witii eighteen of 
the principal inhal^itants of the lower i)art* of Pascat- 
aqua, for the "advancement of the glory of God and 
for the suppoi't of the minister," made a grant of 
fifty acres of land for a glebe or parsonage. Three 
acres of this grant were at that time enclosed for a 
cornfield, on which was a "parsonage with a chapel 
thereto united." Thirty-eight acres, called the 
Upper Glebe, were " l^'ing at head of Strawberry 
Bank Creek." The powder house and water tower 
are about in the center of this lot. For many years 
it was let to John Sherburne for one hundred and 
twenty shillings per year. 

In 1791 the land was divided into five lots of 
from six to nine acres each, and the present Isling- 
ton Road laid out through it, and was sold by the 
wardens of the North Parish at public auction Octo- 
ber 27, 1791, to obtain a means for building the 
parsonage house on Pleasant Street. The remaining 
twelve acres were bounded by Congress Street on 
the north, commencing at the northeast corner of 
the North Church, and running to the west side 
of the Kearsarge House lot ; thence parallel with 
Chestnut Street to South Pond ; thence via Court 
House lot and the garden of the Dr. Langdon estate 
to Pleasant Street ; thence to the North Church. 

This tract of land, known as the Town or Min- 
ister's Field, in which in 1705 "Thomas Phipps hath 
built a house and now liveth," was at a public town- 
meeting on the 2nt\\ of April, 1705, "ordered to be 
laid out into house lots for peopling the town and 
that the advantage which arises thereby be for the 
benefit of the ministry, reserving a conveniency for 

a meeting-honse, court-house, almshouse and bury- 

The main part oi the field was divided into 
fifty-one lots f)f aliout fifty by eighty feet each, and 
leases were made for 999 years, at from seven to 
fifteen shillings per year, and three-fifths of the lots 
were leased l)etween the years 1709 and 1712. For 
many years the rents were collected somewhat 
regularly, l)ut in 17'H8 many lessees owed for from 
twenty to thirty years' rent, amounting in all to two 
hundred and sixteen pounds. A compromise was 
made and nearly all paid up. Some lessees at this 
time bought an acquittance for the remainder of the 
term for which the lots were leased. In 1823 nearly 
one-half the lots were still under the leases, with 
from forty to one hundred and si.xty-seven dollars 
due for each lot. By order of the wardens Charles 
W. Cutter was engaged to commence suit against 
the delin(juents, and he was later assisted by Jere- 
miah Mason and Edward Cutts. This action re- 
sulted in the collection of the rents due and also in 
the payments for the discharges of the leases. At 
the time of the division of the North and South 
Parishes their res])ective rights to the glebe land 
were vehemently disi)uted. 

This article and the glebe plan is a donation 
from C. A. Ilazlett. 


The schof)ls of the city are maintained at a high 
degree of efficiency, and the schoolhouses will, as a 
rule, compare favora))ly with those of most other 
cities of its size. The first town schoolhouse was 




built in confonuity witli :i vote of the lown-meetino- 
of 17()!l, and was opened in 1713. It was a wooden 
struetiire of one story, and stood nearly where the 
present Haven schoolhouse stands, on South School 
Sti'eet. There had previously been a town school, 
however, Thomas Phipps having been appointed 
town schoolmaster in 1()97, and taught a number of 
years in a wooden building on what is now State 
Street, which was rented from Ebenezer Went worth, 
and in 1735 became the property of the town. This 
second town schoolhouse was replaced in 17110 by a 
brick one, which was partly destroyed by the great 
tire of 1813, and rebuilt to its present dimensions 
in 1814. In the uj))icr story of this Ituilding the 
boys' high school was ke]it for many years, the girls' 
high school l)eing kept in the l)asemcnt of the old 
Court House on Court Street, part of said basement 
being at the same time utilized as the town "bride- 
well" or lockup. The State Street building, up to 
the time it was condemned for school purposes, was 
called the Peabody School ; the lower story is now 
the office of the superintendent of schools, and the 
upper story is occupied ))y the Woman's Exchange. 
The tirst school in the town to which girls were 
admitted was opened in 1780 liy Benjamin Dear- 
born, whose house was on JNIarket Street where the 
National Mechanics and Traders Bank now stands, 
and who was the inventor of the spring balance. 


At the junction of Daniel and Chai>el Streets, was 
built in 1858 for the boys' and girls" high school, 
which previously occupied separate buildings, and 

continued to be taught separately until 187;'). The 
building is on a lot given to the town in 1700 as a 
site for a schoolhouse, but which was not used for 
that i)urposc until more than a century and a half 
later, and then had to be liought by the city at a 
good round price. Bridget Cutt, daughter of Rich- 
ard Cutt, brother of the first President of >i'ew 
Hampshire, married Thomas Daniel, and after his 
death l)ecame the wife of Thomas Gi'affort. In 1700 
Mrs. (iraffort, then a widow, gave to the town the 
highway now called Daniel Street, but which for 
more than half a century after it was opened was 
called (iraffort's Lane, and also "one lot of land in 
my great field for erecting a schoolhouse," there 
being then no schoolhouse owned by the town. 
This schoolhouse lot was, in 1735, exchanged for the 
one on State Street where the Peabody schoolhouse 
was afterward built ; and it is certainly singular that 
so many years after Mrs. (iraffort's generous gift 
to the town was made, the lot should again become 
the property of the town and be put to the use for 
which she gave it. At the time the High School 
was Ijuilt it was sujtjiosed it would answer all de- 
mands for a century, Ijut although it has since been 
materially enlarged it has been overcrowded for 
many years, and a more modern and much lai'ger 
structure is much needed. Portsmouth is the fifth 
city in the State in population, but its High School 
stands second in number of pupils, lieing exceeded 
by that of Manchester only. The need of a new 
building in a new location and with more extensive 
grounds is universally admitted, but when and how 
it can be secured is an unsolved problem. 

On South Stlidol Street, at its junction with South 
Street, was built in 184(5, and has recently been 
extensively remodeled and improved. It was the 
first of more than two rooms huilt in 
the town, and at the time of its erection the extrav- 
agance of providinir so large and costly a structure, 
which it was declared never could be required in 
that part of the town, was roundly denounced. For 
many years there was indeed all the room needed, 
but in recent times the number of scholars has 
rapidly increased year by year, and now the South 
Wardroom Building, which occupies the site of the 
former Old South Church on Meeting-house Hill, 
has again been taken for school i)ur})oscs, after 
being disused as such for a number of years, to 
accommodate the kindergarten and first-grade over- 
flow from the Haven School. The Haven School- 
house is a brick structure of two stories, with a 
hip roof, and whatever attemjit at ornamentation 
there is about it is due to its recent renuxleling. 


On School and High Streets, is of about the same 
size as the Haven School, but of a much more ornate 
style of architecture, having been liuilt in 1889. It 
is a tine ))uilding, in a wretched location for a large 
school. It is on the very edge of the district from 
which its scholars are drawn, and the children have 
absolutely no playground but the adjacent streets. 
Notwithstanding these drawbacks, the attendance is 
so large that three small rooms, not intended for 
such use, have been taken as classrooms, and in 


Jill the other rooms are many more .seats than were 
originally planned for. 


On State Street, near the top of Mason"s Hill, was 
built in the same j^ear as the Farragut ; like the 
latter, its style of architecture is modern, ))ut, unlike 
the same, its situation is a very good one, hcing 
central to the disti'iot it serves, and the children 
having a good-sized play-yard on each side of the 
building. That the same committee who selected 
the site for the Whipple School should have chosen 
that for the Farragut seems inexplicable. The 
Whijjple is the largest schoolhouse in the city, but 
all its rooms contain mure seats than the original 
plan called for, two small rooms designed for other 
purposes have been taken for classrooms, and two or 
three years ago the Cabot Street Schoolhouse, which 
was closed when the "Whipple was opened in 1890, 
was reopened as an auxiliary of the Whi])pl(', to 
accommodate its kindergarten and some of the first 
and second grade pupils. 


The two-story wooden sciioolhouse fronting 
on Cabot Street, at its junction with State Street, 
was built in 1860, on the site of an old two-story 
schoolhouse of brick, with a pitch roof, the date of 
the erection of which much research and in<[uiry 
have failed to reveal. The old schoolhouse was 
probably built some time previt)us to 1800, for when 
it was taken down and its materials used in mending 
Cabot Street and elsewhere, in 1860, it bore manv 

indications of age ; and residents of the West End, 
now over eighty years old, who attended school 
there, say it was considered an old building when 
they were children. It was much smaller than the 
structure now occupying its site, and its desks and 
seats were of two-inch plank, the back of each seat 
forming the front of the desk in the rear ; and there 
were but few desks that were not ornamented on the 
top or side with jackknife engravings of initials and 
dates, or fly-traps. There was a big tireplace in 
each room, at the end opposite the teachers desk. 
The schoolhouse is now used to acconunodate the 
kindergarten and part of the j)rimary grade of the 
Whipple School. 


On IMaplewood Avenue, popularly known as the 
Christian Shore School, was built in 1847. It is a 
brick structure of two stories and two larije rooms, 
and though unpretentious in style it has Ions done 
good service and is doing it still. A mile or so from 
the Franklin School, on Rartlett Street, on the same 
side of the North Pond, Ijut in the Creek District, 
so-called, is the Spalding School. l)uilt in the early 
seventies. At that time the population at the Creek 
was not large, but now the section is thickly settled 
and children are more numerous than cisewhei-e in 
the city : the local school is unable to receive all 
the scholars entitled to attend it, and many of them 
have to go to the Franklin School. An enlargement 
of the Spalding School and the dividing of the 
Franklin into four rooms are planned. The old 
brick schoolhouse, used previous to the erection of 

the Franklin School, was built more than a century 
ago, and is yet standing on the corner of Prospect 
Street opposite the Dennett house, converted into 
a dwelling. 


There are three siilmrhan schools, namely, the 
Plains School at the Plains, the Lafayette School on 
Lafayette Road, and the Woodl)ury School — better 
known locally as the Gravelly Ridge School — on 
Woodlniry Avenue. Either of these could pose for 
a picture of "the little red schoolhouse"' of New 
England that has had so mighty an intluence toward 
making this country what it is to-day : they are all 
built of l)rick, of one story and one room, and each 
has a capacity of aliout forty scholars. Where the 
Woodbury School stands a wooden Ijuilding twenty 
feet square, and called the Gravelly Ridge School- 
house, was erected in 1775; the door and a huge 
chimney took up the whole of one end, and thi"ec 
small windows made a feeble effort to furnish sutfi- 
cient light for the pupils. In 1820 the town doubled 
the size of the building, plastered the walls and 
ceiling, and put in a stove; and in 18.i3 the old 
building was torn down and the Wood))ury School 
erected on its site. With the exception of the 
Spalding and Cabot Street Schools, all the school 
l)uildings of the city are of brick, and none are 
above two stories in height. In the near future the 
city must necessarily, under tiie stress of a constant 
and soon to be a rapid increase of ]iupils, expect to 
be called upon to make considerable additions to 
their school capacity. 

The Portsmouth, X. H., navy yard is not in 
Portsmouth or New Hampshire, but is situated on 
an island — formerly two islands, now united 1)V the 
tilling in of the separating channel — on the ojjposite 
side of the river, in the town of Kittery and State 
of Maine. In the year 1800 the government bought 
Fernald"s (or Dennetfs) Island of AViliiam and 
Sarah Dennett for $5,500, — a little less than $100 
an acre, the island having an area of fifty-eight 
acres. This island, increased al)out six acres by the 
tilling of tlats, was the entire navy yard territory 
until 18fi(i, when Seavey's (otherwise known as 
Jenkins" or Trefethen's) Island was bought of twen- 
tv-eiijht owners, the government paying therefor 
^lOo'.^OOO, or $1,000 an acre for the 105 acres 
included in the purchase. Little was done at the 
yard jirevious to the war with England in IS 12-15. 
During that war there was considerable repairing of 
vessels done here, and early in 1813 the tirst keel 
of a warship was laid, that of the " AVashington," 
which though rated as a 74-gun ship actually 
carried eigiity-six guns. The "Washington" was 
not launched until July, 1815, after the close of the 
war. She made one cruise to Europe, as flagship,, 
was used as a receiving ship at New York afterward, 
and was broken up in 18-13. She was built liy con- 
tract, the government furnishing the materials, in 
the liuilding known, until its recent removal, as the 
"Alabama ship house," at a cost of $335,800. 
During the Civil War the yard was a busy ])lace, 
and many shi])s wen^ built or rej)aired here. This 
activity continued on a diniinishini>- scale for some 


years after tlic war : l)itt during the transition period 
from the old navy to the new, when the building 
and repairing of wooden ships was given up, and 
steel adopted in i)lace of wood as shipbuilding mate- 
rial, operations at the yard wholly ceased. At that 
time, ft)r several years, strong intluences were at 
work to secure the abandonment of the yard ; and 
it is literally true that the paths and roadways of 
the yard were green with grass, summer after sum- 
mer. But there will never be any more talk of 
abandoning this yard; the superlative value of this 
deep and never-frozen harbor as a naval station is 
now acknowledged, and more money has been 
expended in new buildings and other permanent 
improvements here during the last five or six years 
than was expended for all purposes, including the 
building and repairing of vessels, during the first 
forty years of its existence : and what will be the 
best dry dock of its size in the world, when finished, 
is now approaching completion. An al)undant sup- 
ply of water, for all present or future needs, has 
been secured ; a standard-gauge railroad, connected 
with the Boston & Maine system, runs all over the 
yard wherever re(|uired ; all the most modern appli- 
ances for the building or repairing of steel vessels 
have been or are being installed ; and the Portsmouth 
Navy Yard will within a few years attain the i)Osi- 
tion of conceded importance to which its unrivaled 
natural advantages entitled it from the day it was 

Looking across the river from the central 
wharves on the Portsmouth side, there is seen along 
the water front of the yard, at the extreme left from 

the spectator's point of view, the Franklin ship 
house, jiopularly so-called, although on the yard 
|)lan it is designated only b}' a number. To the 
right of the ship house is a long, low building, orig- 
inally a timber shed, now the steel bending, ship 
fitters' and shipwrights' shop, back of which rises 
the tall chimney of the new smith and angle shop, 
foundry and machine shop. Next, near the center 
of the original yard's water front, is the floating dry 
dock : then comes the general store, a large brick 
structure standing end to the river, built in 1821, 
and the first brick building erected at the yard : the 
big shears, with a safe lifting capacity of one hun- 
dred tons ; the new building of the power plant, 
with the tallest chimney on the 3'ard ; and then the 
mast house, a long stone building standing end to 
the river, and marking the southerly boundary of the 
original yard. Next, on the northerly edge of what 
was formerly Seavey's Island, is the unfinished stone 
dry dock, in evidence princii)ally through the piles 
of cut stone and the temporary buildings used in its 
construction: then the naval hospital, and at the 
extreme right the tall, stiff-looking standpipe, at 
the foot of the knoll on the southerly front of 
Seavey's Island, on the toj") of which in the time of 
the Eevolution was Fort Sullivan, where now is the 
reservoir. During the C'i\ il War there was a strong 
batter}' of eight-inch guns mounted in Fort Sullivan, 
the garrison, a regiment of colored troops, being 
(juartered in barracks on the island. The Franklin 
ship house got its popular name through the building 
therein of the steam frigate "Franklin," the largest 
vessel ever built at the yard. Her displacement was 




5,170 tons. Ilcr keel was laid in 1(S,t4, l)ut siie was 
not launched until 18tU. Slu' was the first ship to 
fly the flaa- of a United States Admiral in European 
waters, having ))een Admiral Farragut's flagship in 
18ti7-68. There were formerly two other ship 
houses on the yard : the Alahama ship house, a por- 
tion of whose site is now occupied by the new j)ower 
house, and the Santee shij) house, which stood 
between the former and the river front, and whose 
site is now an open space. Like the Franklin ship 
house, these buildings took their popular names 
from long-time tenants : both were taken down 
within a few years to make room for other structures 
called for in accordance with the jjlans for modern- 
izing the yard. In the page engraving containing 
the old frigate "Constitution," beyond it can be 
seen the end view of both these old buildings. The 
"Santee," a 44-gun frigate, was built in 18:^0, but 
was not launched until 18.")."). Beino- a sailin<i- ship, 
she did not count for nuich during the Civil War, 
and was broken uj) about In 1817 the 
keel of the "Alabama," a 74-gun shi)), was laid in 
the ship house from which the "Washington," an- 
other seventy-four, had been launched two years 
previous. The "Alabama" was not launched until 
18(j4, when, there being at the time a steam slooj)- 
of-war of the same name in the service, the anti- 
quated old hulk was renamed the "New Hamjjshire" 
and fltted as a store ship : later she was for many 
years the receiving ship at \ew]iort, R. 1.. and is 
now the training ship of the Xew York Naval Militia. 
This old shij), oi)s<)lete years before she was launched, 
is the (^nly naval vessel of the United States ever 

named in honor of New Hampshire : and yet Xew 
Hampshire was one of the original thirteen States, 
did its full share toward securing the independence 
of the colonies, and was intimately connected with 
the naval history of the country during the Kevolu- 
tion, the War "of 1812 and the Civil War. The 
oldest vessel in the navy, still borne on the "service- 
able" list, is the sailing sloop-of-war "Saratoga,"' 
built at this yard in 1842, now the marine schoolship 
at l'hiladel))hia : and the ne.xt oldest is the "Ports- 
mouth," built here in 1X4;'), now the training ship of 
the New .lersey Naval IMilitia. The floating dry 
dock, built by contract in 1848— .")1, cost, with its 
basin and the railway at its head, $1,282,000. It 
was denounced at the time as an extravagant and 
corrupt job, and lidiculed as an assured failure, that 
would undoubtedly be cast aside in a few years. 
But during the first (juartei' century from the time 
of its acceptance more than one hundred vessels 
were lifted out of water by it without difficulty or 
damage, and it is still serviceable for docking vessels 
of 2,000 to 3,000 tons displacement. The govern- 
ment test, previous to its acceptance, was the taking 
up and hauling out on the railway of the old 74-gun 
ship "Franklin." On that railway, recently de- 
stroyed, in accordance with the plan of modern 
improvement of the yard, the old frigate "Constitu- 
tion" was hauled out in 18.57 and practically rebuilt : 
and in ISIil the famous sloop-of-war "Kearsarge" 
was built on the railway, her keel being laid on the 
od of ]\Iay. and the vessel launched through the 
dock on the 5th of ()c1ober following. 

In this brief sketch mention is made of those 




l)uil(liiigs only whirh arc on flic wiiivv front and 
prominently visible from the river: hut these arc 
only a small fraction of the entire number on the 
yard. There is not room to specially notice the 
officers" quarters and their handsome grounds, the 
marine barracks and parade ground, the office build- 
inu', ordnance Iniilding. or man}- other sti-uctures, 
some of them large and important ones, Ijack from 
the water, there l)eing nearly one hundred in all. 
But enough has l)een told to indicate the importance 
to which the yard has attained, and the much greater 
degree of importance it is to attain in the near 
future. Illustrating this article are three pages of 
photographic engravings made especially for this 
work, which embrace a view of nearly the entire 


The Piscatacjua River, to which Portsmouth 
owes so much, and to which in the future it must 
necessarily be indebted, as well as the State of New 
Hami)shire, for the existence of its only seaport, is 
properly not a river at all, but a long, narrow, 
crooked and deep-channeled arm of the sea, extend- 
ino- into the land in a westerly direction al)out a 
dozen miles, making three rectangular turns on the 
wav, and then expanding into the Ijroad sheet of 
water called Great P>ay. A number of small rivers, 
of which the ])rineipal are the Cocheco and the 
Salmon Falls, How into it, but these, even during 
the period of their spring freshets, have no ]iercep- 
tible effect on the height of the tides of the Piscata- 
(lua, the current of which is so swift, owing to tlu- 

peculiar formation of the inlet and the tilling and 
emi)tying of Great Bay at every tide, that the har- 
bor never freezes over. The Indian name of the 
inlet was Pascataquack, and that name, in l)ecoming 
Piscataijua, has undergone less transformation than 
most Indian names adoiited by the white man. 

The Piscataqua was visited in 1(503 by ]Martin 
Prin<>', who, after exploring the coast of Maine, 
ascended this inlet — which in his report he calls 
"the westernmost and best river" — to a distance of 
ten or twelve miles from its mouth. In KiO.") the 
French adventurer, Champlain, landed at Odi(Uiu'"s 
Point, and sailed up the river several miles ; and in 
1(!14 the famous Captain John Smith came here and 
named the islands off our shore, which he passed on 
the way, "Smith's Isles" — which name they should 
now bear, instead of that of Isles of Shoals — and 
sailed up the Piscatacjua some twenty miles, in his 
report describing it as "a safe harbor with a rocky 
shore." Those old explorers evidently guessed at 
their distances, inasmuch as twenty miles from the 
mouth of the Piscatacjua would have taken Gaiitain 
Smith's vessels several miles into the woods. 

A row or sail on the Piscata(iua, in either direc- 
tion from the city, is a thoroughly enjoyable expe- 
rience to any one with even a moderate appreciation 
of Nature's attractions : but it should never be; 
undertaken by a jicrson unaccustomed to boating, 
nor even by tlie skilled boatman who is unacquainted 
with the river, unacconi])anied by a local river-man. 
But an imaginary trip on the Piscata([ua is perfectly 
safe: Ictus take one. Looking northerly up the 
river from Portsnioutli IJridiic, with Kilterv on the 


riiilil hand and FroonianV Point on the left, a half- 
mile or so distant appears the village of Eliot Neck. 
Here the ri\er makes ti turn to the westward at a 
right angle. Freeman's Point, formerly one of the 
most l)eautiful spots in this picturesque section of 
the country, is now the scene of great industrial 
activity, many hundreds of men, with horses and 
much machinery, being engaged in leveling hills, 
tilling valleys and otherwise altering the face of 
Nature, preparatory to the erection of what is to be 
the largest paper-mill in the world. The Kittery 
shore of the river, above the bridge, is still as l)eau- 
tiful as ever. 

Below the bridge, on the river front, are many 
points of historic interest, of which only the briefest 
mention can be made. First on the westerly, or 
New Hampshire, side is Noble's Island, formerly a 
noted tishing statical and later the ])uilding ])lace of 
many ships, and is no\v owned by the Boston & ]Maine 
Railroad. Just Ijelow the island are the railroad 
coal wharves of J. A. t^ A. AV. Walker, which 
include the site of what was once Eindge's Wharf, 
where the frigate "Raleigh," later run ashore on the 
coast of Maine and captured by a British squadron 
after a hard tight, was built for the Continental Navy 
in 177(1 : and where the sloop-of-war "Ranger," the 
tirst warshi]) to display the stars and stripes as 
the American ensign, and in which John Paul Jones 
went to England in 1777, capturing the British 
sloop-of-war "Drake" on the way, was built after 
the "Raleigh" was launched, and on the same 
))locks. Where once floated the "Raleigh" and 
the "Rano-cr" can now lie seen coal schooners sev- 

eral times largei' than lioth of them together, and 
steam diggers lifting out several tons of eoal a 
minute. Next lielow is (iray iSc Prinu'"s coal 
wharf, where the late Edward F. Sise started the 
"sea coal" business in Portsmouth; the Isles of 
Shoals steamboat and other wharves ; and where the 
river makes one of its right angles is the ferry 
station of the Pcn-tsmouth, Kittery & York Street 
Railway, formerly the Sjiring Market. From the 
ferry house to Church Point are loftj' brick ware- 
houses, five stories high on the river front and two 
or three stories high on the street, reminders of the 
time when Portsmouth's foreign trade was very 
great; and towering above them is old St. John's 
Church, on the apex of Church Hill. Passing 
around Church Point — an easy thing to do if the 
tide is running that way, but not otherwise — the 
excursionist comes to the big plant of the Ports- 
mouth Brewing Company, the new power house of 
the Rockingham County Light and Power Comjiany, 
the navy landing, luml)er wharves and another coal 
wharf, and then next you observe the new, ecnnmo- 
dious house of the Portsmouth Yacht (.'lub and 
Peiree's Island, which forms one side of the Narrows. 
On the Maine side of the river, just below the bridge, 
are fields and farms of Kittery, the old Rice house, 
close to which was the old-time ferry landing. Bad- 
ger's Island and the navy yard. Badger's Island, 
now the Kittery landing of the Portsmouth, Kittery 
L^ York Railway Ferry, was for many years a noted 
shipyard, more than a hundred vessels, many of 
them of large size, having been built there, among 
them the "America," the tirst 74-gun ship ever built 


oil thiri ,sid(j of the ^Vllautic, tho (■(instruction of 
which, on ))loclv« but a few vodti from the present 
ferry landing, was superintended l)y John Paul 
Jones, and which was launched under his jjcrsonal 
direction and connnand. Of the navy yard no fur- 
ther mention need he made here. 

Passing through the Narrows, on the right is 
seen, at the top of the steep hank of Peircc's Island, 
old Fort Washington, an extensive earthwork built 
in 1775, and strongly armed and garrisoned during 
the Revolution under tlie connnand of C'u]itain 'J'itus 
Salter, and again armed and (M|uip|)od in 1S1:>_15. 
Xext on the same side is Shnplcy's Island, sejiaratcd 
from Peirce's only liy a lioat channel, and not even 
by that at low tide; this island was once a noted 
shipyard. Here the main river makes a turn to the 
left at a right angle, but the Little Harbor branch 
keeps straight on to the southward, Ijroadening out 
near the sea into Little Harl)or, now improved l)y 
dredging and breakwaters into an excellent harbor of 
refuge for small vessels. This branch is spanned, 
between Shapley's and Goat Islands, l)y a draw- 
bridge ; and (loat Island and (ireat Island — the 
latter being the town of New Castle — are connected 
by a road recently l)uilt on top of the government 
breakwater, Ijeside the old pih' bridge. From Goat 
Island to Fort Point, along the main river, the New 
Castle shore is occupied by quaint old houses and 
new summer cottages, and at Fort Point the river 
takes another turn at a right angle, and goes straight 
out to sea in a southerly direction. At Fort Point 
is old Fort Constitution, formerly Fort "William 
and Marv, and outside of the old fortification is the 

wreck of the new Fort Constitution, conmicnced at 
the close of the Civil "War and planned to be a 
granite fortress with three tiers of guns, but the 
work was abandoned after many thousand dollars 
had been spent thei'eon. There is now a new bat- 
tery there of modern guns, near the old breastworks, 
and another fort is being liuilt at Jaffrey's Point, 
the southern extremity of the island. At Fort 
Constitution is also a lighthouse, officially known as 
Portsmouth Harbor Light, on the site of a former 
wooden tower one hundred and fifteen feet high, 
l)uilt liefore the Revolution, during the administra- 
tion of Governor John AVentworth. 

Returning to the Narrows, on the left is Hen- 
derson's Point, the southwesterly point of Seavey's 
Island, which is now a i)art of the navy yard. The 
government at the present time have a large force 
at work removing this obstruction to navigation, to 
the depth of thirty-tive feet, allowing vessels of the 
greatest draught to pass over what is now, Iiut 
soon to l)c no more, Henderson's Point. Here are 
range lights for the guidance of mariners coming 
up river at night, and a house for the lightkeeper. 
Not far away is a pretty little house known as the 
Greely cottage, in which General Greeley, now head 
of the national signal service, rested for several 
weeks after his fearful experience in the Arctic 
regions. Just to the eastward of the (ireely cot- 
tage, at the top of the highest point of Seavey's 
Island, seventy feet aljove the water, is a curving 
ramjiart of stone, looking something like a fort. It 
is not a fort, however, l)ut the to}) of an o]ien reser- 
voir made by digging out old Fort Sullivan and 



comeiiliiii;' tlic inside of llic hole. Foil Sulli\;iii 
was built ill 177."), and was armed and gan'i.souod in 
1812 and aijain durinjr the Civil War. Just back of 
it is the tall standpii)c of the navy yard water sys- 
tem. At the easterly end of the island is the slope 
where the Spanish War prisoners were confined. A 
little farther down the river is Clark's Island, tree- 
less and uninhabited, with Jamaica Island, the sum- 
mer home of a wealthy gentleman, back of it and 
near the Kittery shore. Then the channel down on 
the charts as Crooked Lane, and then Kittery Point, 
with its ancient church, its summer hotels and cot- 
tages and its many pretty homesteads, and old Fort 
McClary, once of much importance as a harbor forti- 
fication Imt now useless, though guns were mounted 
there during the war with Spain. At Kittery Point 
Village are the former homes of the Brays, Pepper- 
rells and Sparhawks, and the anchorage between the 
village beach and the Fishing Islands is called Pep- 
perrell's Cove. From Kittery Point to the ocean 
front extends (ierrisli Island, Avhich to the i)asser-l)y 
appears to be a part of the maiidand, and which is 
largely taken up l)y the sunnner homes of wealthy 
people, though not far from the sea is Fort Foster, 
a strong fortification recently built, and right on the 
sea front a sunnner hotel and a numl)er of cottages. 
There are several small islands at the mouth of the 
harbor, including Wood Island, which has no wood 
on it : and marking the entrance is Whalesback 
Lighthouse, a tall granite structure with an iron 
tower containing a fog signal apparatus in its rear. 
The outer island of all, a mere ledge of rocks, is 
White Island: and half a mile from there a bell 

buoy marks (lie loc;i1ion of Kilfs Kock, a sunken 
ledge, on passing which the excursionist is well out 
to sea. From Portsmouth Bridge to the ocean, 
almost every spot along the banks of the river is of 
historic or traditional interest. 


Sagamore Creek is a salt-water inlet, unimpor- 
tant from a Ijusiness point of view but of rare beauty, 
extending westerly from the Little Ilarljor branch 
of the river, near where it broadens out into the 
now much improved harbor of refuge, to near the 
foot of Peverly Hill, a distance of not far from 
three miles. For a lover of the beauties of Nature, 
nothing could be uiore charming than a boat trip up 
Sagamore Creek at high water on a calm day, from 
its mouth to the Lafayette Road Bridge, a distance 
of about two miles as the crow Hies : from this 
bridge to the end of tide-water the creek is hardly 
more than a waterway a few yards wide through tlic 
salt meadow which ends at the hills, making on the 
way as many crooks and turns as possible, after the 
usual custom of such waterways through salt mead- 
ows, and rapidly diminishing in width and depth 
until it finally ends in a number of thread-like rivu- 
lets. Throughout the winding way of the creek, 
from its mouth to Lafayette Bridge, the banks are 
at many points wooded to the water's edge : high 
and bold shores alternate with gentle slojies and 
unexpected coves, and here and there a small island 
is seen, and wherever there is open ground the 
evidences of thrift and intelligent cultivation are 
apparent. Sagamore Creek is indeed a most lieau- 

tiful and ])ictures(|uc iilllc slrcaiii, ami the (Mitliusi- 
asm with wliicli its attiaclions are spolvcn of liv (hose 
awiuainled with its \ai'ie(l Ix'aiity is not extravajiant. 
The inlet was at one time ealleil ^\'iteh Creek, and 
on one map is called Sackem Creek ; and its present 
name, Sanamore, is supposed to have come from 
the chieftain of the minor Indian tribes tliat were 
here M'hen the early .settlors arrived, having lived on 
it.s l)anks, sagamore having been the Indian title of 
such petty chiefs all along this section of the New 
England coast. A sachem was superior to a saga- 
more, l)eing the chief of a more important tril)e or 
tribes, and " .Sackeni " may have been Ijut a corruption 
of "Sachem "as a name for the creek. Amljrose 
Gibljins, a steward of John ]Mason, the founder of 
the Portsmouth colony proper, was the earliest 
English settler on the creek, and there are evidences 
that at one time there was (|uite a numerous jiopula- 
tion located on its ])anks near the mouth, although 
there are no written or printed records to show this. 
It was a favoraljle location for fishing and trading, 
the objects for which the early colonists came here, 
and the tradition is that the tishery was extensively 
carried on from there. A short distance northward 
from the entrance to the creek, on the bank of the 
Little Harbor Channel, stands a building "famed in 
song and story" — the Governor Benning Wentworth 
house, and Imilt by him when he was (lovernor of 
the Province of New Hampshire under the Crown, 
and occupied by him as the vice-regal residence 
until his death. But with all its historic and 
romantic associations and its delightful Jocation it 
cannot truthfullv be called a thinii' of beautv, for its 

style of architecture is of the nondescript order. At 
the mouth of the creek, on its northerly side, is the 
sunnner home of Arthur Astor Carey, of Boston, the 
house occupying the former site of one ])uilt there 
some sixty years ago for the late T. Sheafe Cothn, 
and which, when the new house was built, was moved 
a short distance away and fitted for the occupancy 
of the servants. Next al)ove the Carey place is the 
summer home of R. Clipstou Sturgis, of Boston, 
formerly the Martine farm. The ilARXiNE holse 
is much older than the Wentworth mansion, and is 
supposed to have been Imilt by Richard Martine 
about the year 1700, and remained in the Martine 
name until between 1850 and ISIJO, when it was sold 
by Mrs iNIartine to the late Clement March, the title 
afterward jiassing to several persons before reaching 
the present owner of the property. In this house, 
in 17!tcS, were entertained for a time the famous and 
unscrupulous French Statesman, Talleyrand, and the 
French Princes then touring this country in his com- 
pany, one of whom later i)ecanie King of France. 
In an account of Louis Philijipe's tour in the Unite<l 
States in 1797-98, published shortly after his death 
in 18.50, occurs the following: "Journeying north- 
ward the Princes were for a week guests at the 
Martine farm on the borders of Sagamore Creek, 
near Portsmouth. The ^lartine homestead is still 
standing, and sonu' Howers sent from its garden to 
theTuileries soon after Louis Philippe had ascended 
the throne were acknowledged by an autograi)h 
letter." Next westerly of the INIartine farm, and 
extending nearly to Sagamore Bridge, is a stretch 
of woodland known duriiiL;' most of the last cen- 

s.\c;amore crf.kk. 
Tlie olil Miiitine House appears in about tlie center of llie upper view. 

tiiry iis "WeiuU'irs Wood;?," now owned i>y Arthur 
W. Walker, of this city, who has built near the 
hank of the creek a "bungalow" for an occasional 
suuinier retreat. Next to Mr. ^^'alker's, at the north- 
erly end of Sagamore Bridge, is where the late Aimer 
(irecnleaf, the tirst Mayor of Portsmouth, lived in 
18/)0, the year in which the bridge was built by the 
city to furnish a more direct road to Rye than had 
})rcviously existed, and toward the building of which 
Maj'or (irecnleaf "s influence was potent. The house 
now there is not the original one, that having been 
burned years ago. This pro})erty is now owned l)y 
Charles P. Wendell. On the westerly side of the 
road is the house of Albert Shedd, built some 
sixty years ago by the late AVilliam Pettigrew for a 
summer home, at a time when suunncr residences 
were not common ; then the farmhouse of Pxlmund 
-lames and a farmhouse bought by the city some 
years ago for hospital use, both the latter being near 
where Jones Avenue ends at the creek, and both a 
long while in existence. There are no other dwell- 
ings on the northerly bank of the creek, and but 
few indications that this side, westward fr(;m Saga- 
more Bridge, was ever thickly settled. The land on 
the southerly side of the creek, from its mouth to 
Sagamore Bridge and from the shore of the creek to 
Rye Road, now known as Elwyn Road, was once 
the great Jacob Sheafe farm, which was sold about 
fifty years ago I)}' the Sheafe heirs to Edmund 
Davis, and has changed titles several times since, 
most of it being now owned by Hon. Frank Jones. 
The fine Sheafe mansion, near the mouth of the 
creek, is now owned l)y a Mrs. Hill, of Boston, who 

makes it her suunncr abode. On the creek, at the 
back of the house, are the remains of what was once 
a large and substantial wharf, at which tradition 
says large quantities of fish used to lie landed to be 
cured. West of Sagamore Bridge, on the southerly 
side of the creek, comes a strip of land formerly a 
jiart of the Sheafe farm, now owned by Josiah F. 
Adams, extending from the creek to Elwyn Road : 
then the Moses farm, the Tucker |)lace, the Beck 
farm and the Elwyn farm, all extending from the 
creek to Elwyn Road and some of them far across 
it. Beyond the Elwyn farm, to the westward, is 
Lafayette Road, and westerly of that road, on the 
line of the creek, is the salt meadow on which no 
houses border. Near the creek front of Mr. Adams" 
land is the Sagamore House, which stands near the 
bridge on the site once occupied by the house of 
Ben Lear, "the hermit of Sagamore," who died in 
lS(t2 at a great age, and whose chief claim to famc^ 
seems to have been that he lived alone in his hovel 
for many years, was shiftless and lazy to the 
degree, and nexer did any particular harm or good. 
The Tucker place, next west to Mr. Adams', is ik)W 
owned by James R. C'onnell, of Portsmouth. The 
Tucker, Moses and Beck families all settled on the 
creek at an early period, jirobably prior to KiHo. 
The first Tucker was a fanner, who brought from 
England whatever he needed for the business, and 
established near the creek the first tannery in the 
colony. The present Tucker house, which is on 
Elwyn Road and not visible from the creek, is not 
very ancient, having l)een built in 1781 as a resi- 
dence for ^larv Wallis, dauehter of Lieut. Samuel 

Wallis and Sarah (Moses) AVallis, of AVallis" Sands, 
Rye, on the occasion of her marriage to Joseph 
Tucker on Decemlwr 25th of that year. Her sister, 
Abigail ( Wallis) Moses, and iiusljand, Xadal) Closes, 
who lived at the creek in the old Moses homestead 
and wished Mary to live near them when she got 
married, gave her a lot of land on which to build 
the house, and her father gave the lumber to Ijuild 
it with, a yoke of oxen to haul the luml)cr, four 
cows and two sheej), as a wedding present. The 
jNIoses house stands near the creek and can l)e seen 
from Sagamoi'c Bridge, and is the thii'd to occupy the 
site, and was built one hundred and twenty 3' ears 
ago. The first one was erected prior to 1(340 liy John 
Moses, who is mentioned in the (Sleeves and Tucker 
deeds of date l()4l!. The estate was handed down 
in direct line and in the ]Moses name until it came 
to the present owner, William E. Rand, who is a 
lineal descendant of John Moses, but on his mother's 
side. The Beck farm is now owned liy John AV. 
Johnson, whose dwelling, picturesquely perciied on 
the top of a rocky and tree-shaded knoll on Ehvyn 
Road, is not visible from the creek. There is, 
however, an old Beck house near the creek, on a 
liluff commanding an extended view up and down the 
stream, and near it can still be traced the cellar of 
the Beck garrison house, which was removed early 
in the last century. The Elwyn farm is owned by 
Rev. Alfred Langdon Ehvyn, of Philadeliihia, who 

usually resides there sununers in a modern cottage 
out of sight in the woods. This was formerly the 
Langdon farm, and in a house located where the 
present farm i)uildings stand, on Ehvyn Road, but in 
sight from the creek, was born John Langdon, Rev- 
olutionary patriot and later Governor of New Hamp- 
shire, who, as the first President of the National 
Senate, declared the vote which elected riecu-ge 
AVashington and John Adams as President and A'ice- 
President of the United States. The first house 
built on this farm was erected about 1 ().")() by Henry 
Sherburne, who married the daughter of Ambrose 
Gibl)ins, and Tobias Ijangdon, who married a tlaugh- 
ter of Mr. Sherburne, afterward came here to live. 
In about 1740 this house was destroyed by tire, and 
another one was then built on its site by John 
I.iangdon, father of the Governor John. . This house 
remained until about 1840, when it was taken down 
and a large annex, used by the Langdons for parties 
and as entertainment rooms, was at that time 
removed t() town and now forms the ])asis for one 
of the near-by houses westerly from the Baptist 
A^estry on State Street, ])ut which one we are not 
able to determine. The present farmhouse, and the 
third to l)e erected on the same site, was built at the 
time tiu> old one was taken down and the annex 
i-emoved. The present owner of the farm is a great- 
grandson of Governor Langdon. his grandmother 
having been the Governor's only child. 






'HHr -J .^1^ 

^ "^ '-4.' •'■■ 

^t^ " "«4 I 

i^^^^^^W^^^^-t^" 4-^lC**y^^' 

BMijaniiii M. Parker, s:i. Moses H. Goodridi, S8. James Saiiboni, 8:j. Daniel Mason, .S'i. William H. Fo.ster, 

.losepli H. Beny, VI. .1. Woodman Moses, Ml, Andrew Sberburue, 84. William G. Bell, S3. Samnel P. Treadwell, 87. 

George Parkinson, S^, Oliver Maiisou, S'J, Charles £. Hodgdon, 8*J. Thomas Roberts, 0'2. 


In tlu- engraving representing the grou}) of 
old gentlemen is revealed an interesting feature. 
These sixteen veterans are all natives of Portsmouth, 
or the inmiediate neigh) )t)rhood, and all have l)een 
citizens of Portsmouth since their boyhood days 
except one, and he has resided here for more than 
half a century. Of these, fifteen of them were at- 
tending the several schools of this vicinity together 
over seventy-tlve years ago : and four of thcni, ]Mr. 
J. AVoodman Moses, lion. jNIoses II. (ioodrich, Mr. 
Sanmel P. TreadwcU and Mr. William II. Foster, 
Avere pupils in the same school together over eighty 
years ago ; the three latter being in the same class, 
while the former was in a senior class : and the two 
oldest of this veneral)le group, ]Mr. Joseph H. Berry 
and Mr. Thomas Roberts, were attending the schools 
about here upward of ninety years ago. 

These old gentlemen are remarkably well pre- 
served, and have always l)een active, wcn'king 
citizens, representing about as many trades and 

professions as there are individuals, and some of 
thcni are yet in the arena of active business, and all 
in the enjoyment of good health. From these re- 
sj)ected representatives of a long i)ast, we have been 
able to glean much valuable information, which 
otherwise might have lieen forever lost : and to 
them we acknowledge our ol)ligations, and trust we 
may l)e allowed, in behalf of future generations, to 
tender Iheir thaid^s. 

The National Mechanics and Traders Hank was 
chartered by llie governmenl as a National bank in 
181)4, succeeding the ^lechanics and Traders Hank, 
established in 184."). The capital is $100,000, with 
surplus of $25,000. The Safe Deposit boxes in the 
lately reconstructed vault are conveniences for the 
examination of papers by box owners. The officers 
are : President, G. Ralph Laighton : Cashier, C. 
F. Shillaber : Directors, Joseph W. Peirce, Gustave 
Peyser, G. Ralph Laighton, C. F. Shillaber, William 
E. Marvin and Thomas II. Ridei'. (See page oO. ) 




W. K I'KlRCIi >V CO., 

C.liO. I!. I'KENCH CO., 





I B 
I B 


1 - y'^'*- 











P^ ..-, 









The office of Daniel Webster was in the rooms formerly over tlie entrance to this store. 






.mokris c. foye s 
ladies' furnishings store. 

upper floors, offices of 
john sise & co., insurance. 



On July ."), ISilS, the United States auxiliuiy 
cruiser "St. Louis," Captain C'as})ar F. Gciodrieli, 
left Santiago de C'ul)a with seven iumdred and forty- 
four prisoners, including Rear Admiral Pascuel 
Cervera, together with tifty-two otKcers rescued 
from Cervera's fleet, which was destroyed while at- 
tempting to escape from Santiago Ilarlior, July ikl, 
arriving in Portsmouth Harbor on the morning of 
July 10th. 

The jirisoners. ten otticers and six iumdred and 
eighty-two nien, were landed at Camp Long, on 
Seavey's Island, in the afternoon of July 11th from 
barges to the pier, which was in front of the house 
where (General (ireely regained his health after his 
last cruise to the polar region. Immediately on 
landing the names of the prisoners were called off, 
and as each man answered sijuads \vere formed and the 
march of the unique procession yiroceeded to Camp 
Long, where comfortable quarters were assigned 
them. The "St. Louis," with Admiral Cervera on 
board, sailed July 14th for Annapolis, there also 
being forty-two officers and their personal servants. 

The auxiliary L^nited States crusier "Harvard," 
Captain C. S. Cotton, formerly the American liner, 
"New York," sailed from Siboney, near .Santiago, 
July 11th and arrived in Portsmouth Harbor July 
l.")th with nine hundred and sixty-one ))ris(mers and 
two officers, who were landed at Camp Lono- Julv 

Camp Long was surrounded by a strong guard 
of marines under command of Colonel James Forne}'. 
At the two entrances Catling guns were mounted, 
while along the water front a marine was posted 
every fifty feet. There were specially erected, 
according to official reports, the following buildings : 
Kight large barracks for prisoners, eight for marine 
guard, six cook houses, four cells for jirisoners, 
three eating houses, each two hundred feet long, 
one wash house, one for navy officers, one for army 
officers and one for sanitary purposes. 

The prisoners amused themselves by giving 
mock bull fights, and a favorite pastime was fishing 
from the high rocks at the bank of the river. The 
grounds, being pleasantly situated and spacious, 
afforded them advantages for indulgence in all 
manner of sports, which they were allowed without 

On September 11, l.S9'S, steamship "("ily of 
Rome," Captain Young, arrived, and sailed the fol- 
lowing day at noon for Santander, Spain, with l,ii()7 
])risoncrs, including those brought on the "City of 
Rome" from the naval hospital at Norfolk. The 
barges "Eliot" and "Berwick" were used in trans- 
jiorting the men to the shi]>. Admiral Cervera and 
his son. Lieutenant Angel Cervera, arrived in Ports- 
mouth September Hth to assist in arranging trans- 
portation for his men. 

Thirty ]irisoners are buried on a knoll at the 
northeast of the camj). 









1). THK S. S. Crr\' OF ROME. 








The Portsmouth Shoe Company was org;anized in i8S6, for the manufacture of women's and misses' boots and shoes ; 
the officers being, Frank Jones, President; Charles P. Berry, \'ice-President and General Manager, and Chas. H. Mendum, Treas- 
urer. The building is 350 feet by 55 feet, with a capacity of 175 sixty-pair cases of shoes per day. 







The site of this block was a part of the Madam Graffort estate, a bequest from her father, Richard Cutt, in 1676, upon which 
was built a large two-story house, occupied by Ichabod Plaisted, later by Daniel Rindge. The fire of 1802 destroyed the old dwell- 
ing, and about 1812 this block was erected for a hotel, but completed for stores and tenements ; after several remodelings it is now 
occupied by the Warwick Club in the third story; in the second are the dental rooms of Dr. E. C. Rlaisdell ; the law offices of Judge 
Edward H. Adams ; the real estate office of Frank D. Butler and others, with stores underneath. 








The .site of Exchange Block, and from the City 
rooniis to State Street previous to 1744, was the 
Adams property, and Natlianicl Adams, father of 
the "Annalist," lived here, his house ])cino- situated 
near the corner of State Street, and here Xatiianiel 
Adams, the author of the "Annals of Portsmouth," 
was probably l)orn. Part of this pro})erty was sold 
at the above-named date and l)uildings erected 
thereon which were destroyed in the great tire of 
1813, as was also the Adams house. This l)lock 
was soon after erected, and al)out ten years ago 
extensively remodeled and fitted up into modern 
stores and offices, the occupants of which are, — in 
the first on the north is that of II. P. Montgomery 
as a music and art store. The Portsmouth ('Iiraiti- 
cle. Herald and the ^'em IlaiiqixJnre (kizctd' occupy 
the rioors over Montgomery's nuisic store. The 
Climnich, established in 18')"2, is a morning j)ul)li- 
cation ; the Portsmouth llpvald, formerly the I'ciini/ 
Post, is an evening paper, and the ^'en' Ilduipsliirc 
Gazette, a weekly, estal^lished in 17.5(), is the oldest 
newspaper of continuous iiublication in the country. 
The second store south and the fioor above it are 
occupied by Henry P. Payne and Ralph Walker, 
successors to Charles E. Laighton. The third store 
south is used as offices for the local business of the 
Rockingham County Pjlectric Jjight and Power Com- 
pany ; also for the office of the assistant superin- 
tendent of the corporation. The law firm of Calvin 
Page and John H. Bartlett occupy the two fioors 
over the Electric Light and Power Company's offices. 
The fourth store south is the offices of the Ports- 

mouth Trust and Guarantee Conij)any, incorporated 
in 1871, capital $100,000. The directors are Frank 
.Tones, Moses H. Goodrich, Sanniel J. Gerrish, 
Ezra H. Winchester, Calvin Page, Justin V. Hans- 
com, Benjamin F. We])ster, Alfred H. Howard and 
John H. Bartlett; President, Calvin Page; Vice- 
President, Moses H. Goodrich ; Treasurer, Samuel 
J. Gerrish: Clerk, Ht)ward Anderson. The fioor 
over these rooms is occupied for the law offices of 
John W. Kelley, who also has the < 'onnty Attorney's 
office here. In the last store are the ofiices of the 
New Ilamjisliire National Bank, formerly the Bank of 
New Hampshire, organized in 18.5."), and chartered a 
National bank in 18().5. The officers are : President, 
Calvin Page ; Cashier, W. C. AA'aiton ; Directors, 
Calvin Page, Frank Jones, II. Fisher Eldredge, 
Arthur W. Walker, Justin V. Hanscom, J. Albert 
AValker, Fred H. Ward and William C. Walton. 
The fioors over the New Hampshire Bank are occu- 
|)i('d by Joseph Boylston for his dental parlors ; by 
W. H. Hannafoid, 'SI. D., for his offices and for the 
city i)iiysician, and In' Frank Parker for his commo- 
dious photograpiiic studio. 

Corner of Market Square and Market Street. Built 
by the Havens soon after the fire of 1802, on land 
bought of John Melcher, upon which previously 
stood his large wooden dwelling. The l)lock has 
since had various owners and occupants, and recently' 
the tiiird story has l)een fitted into the commodious 
Conservatory Hall, which is used for a nuisic school, 
under the direction of Mr. Gerald Bertrand Whit- 
man, and for private dancing parties and socials. 

Z H 

< O 

2: o 


The Factory of the Morley Button Manufacturing Company is located on IsHngton Street, the east end resting on what was 
Frenchman's Lane, so-called. Established in 1891 for the manufacture of papier-mache buttons, for shoes and clothing. This 
firm also manufactures tufting buttons and nails, also upholstery buttons and nails, and ring spinning travelers and twisters. The 
Morley Button Sewing Machine Company occupy a part of the building, and manufacture machines for sewing shoe and clothing 
buttons. Both companies were established by the late Charles A. Sinclair. About 125 operatives are employed. The Hon. Frank 
Jones is President ; S, M. Merrill, Treasurer ; and W. E. Bennett, Superintendent. 


( )rganized in 1823 and located in the (ireseiit building in 1842. 
The officers are : President, John S. H. Frink ; Treasurer, 
G. Ralph Laighton ; Trustees, John S. H. Frink, Joseph W. 
Peirce, D. F. JBorthuick, Moses A. Saftord, G. Ralph Laighton, 
George A. Wiggin and William E. Marvin. 


Is the successor of the Piscataqua Bank, which was organized 
in 1S24, and of the Piscataqua F.xchange Bank, chartered in 
1844. I" '863 this bank was the first to file its bonds in Wash- 
ington under the National Banking Act. It has been a gov- 
ernment depository for nearly forty years. The capital is 
|20o,ooo, with a surplus of over $60,000 and assets of over 
I [,000,000. Its vaults have all the modern improvements for 
the safety of valuables in its rented deposit boxes. The officers 
are : President, E. P. Kimball ; Cashier, C. A. Hazlett ; 
Directors, E. P. Kimball, E. H. Winchester, John H Brough- 

ton, Henrv A. ^'eaton, Walla 
Hobbs; teller, John K. Bate 

Hackett, C. A. Hazlett, J. O. 
Bookkeeper, C. W. Brewster. 


The firm of E. F. Sise & Co., coal and salt, was estab- 
lished in 1818, by E. F. Sise, the pioneer in the coal business 
in New Hampshire. The first coal shipped into the State was 
consigned to him in 1831, and consisted of thirty-five tons of 
Lehigh lump coal, and was part of the general cargo of the 
Portsmouth and Philadelphia packet schooner "Fawn," In 
]847 William H. and Joseph, sons of E. F. Sise, entered the 
firm and continued until 1894, when Joseph died and William 
H. conducted the business luitil his death in 1S96, when Charles 
W. Gray and Herbert O. Prime, clerks for Sise & Co., suc- 
ceeded to the business. The old firm was largely interested 
in shipping, and in the office, on the walls, may be seen the 
best collection of old models of Portsmouth vessels to be 
found, and some of them historic. 




h. c. hewitt & co., 
gents' furnishings and clothing store. 




Franklin Block was erected in I S79 on the site of the old Franklin House and a wooden dwelling. The building formerly 
had a theatre and a hall, but recently extensive improvements have been made, the theatre being removed; and the hall extended is 
the largest in the city, with a gallery on three sides. Formerly the hall was known as Franklin, then as Philbrick ; but recently the 
block was purchased by H. ]. Freeman and is now called Freeman's Hall. On the ground floor, on the front and sides are stores ; 
on the second floor, besides the hall, are the offices of Dr. A. B. Sherburne ; Edwin B. Prime, Special Agent and Notary Public ; 
S. Peter Emery, Attorney-at-Law, and the law offices of Judge Samuel \V. Emery, William H. Rollins, and of the law firm of Emery, 
Simes & Corey, and other offices. On the third floor are the assembly rooms of Damon Lodge, Knights of Pythias, and opposite 
the Commercial School rooms. 




11AI<1<\ I. I kl-.l-.\l AN, :^i>.w .\iA.\L FACTORY. 

OLD rosT orFiCE 1S29-1S40, NOW Sheldon's 11 kmh kk k.ioms. 




On the eveninsr of September 17, IttOO, the 
oificers attached to tlie North Atlantic Squadron and 
those stationed at the navy _vard were tendered a 
reception and dance at Peirce Hall, previous to the 
presentation of the " Kearsai'ge— Alabama Talilets,"' 
which were a gift from the State of New Hampshire 
to these vessels, which were so named in honor of 
the two, bearing their respective names, engaged in 
the famous battle. The tablets were presented the 
following afternoon, and Mayor E. E. Mclntire 
opened the exercises with an address of welcome : 
they being unveiled by INIiss Mary Thornton Davis, 
grand-niece of Admiral .John A. Winslow and 
daughter of .Judge Charles Thornton Davis, of 
Boston, and Mrs. Anna Bryan, of Alal)ama, daugh- 
ter of Admiral Raphael Scmmes, the connnandcr 
of the original "Alabama.'" The presentation of the 
State's gift was by Governor Frank "\Y. Rollins, and 
the acceptance by the Hon. .John D. Long, Secretary 
of the Navy, and Governor .Joseph F. Johnston, of 
Alabama. Remarks of acceptance in behalf of the 
vessels followed by Captain "William ^I. I^^olger, 
U. S. N., connnanding the United States steamshij) 
"Kearsarge," and l)y Captain Willard II. Brownson, 
V. S. N., commanding the "Alal)ama."" Short ad- 
dresses were also made by Assistant Secretary of 
the Navy, Hon. Frank W. Hackett, and others. 

The keel of the original "Kearsarge," so named 

ill honor of the famous mountain, was laid at Ports- 
mouth Navy Yard in May, 18(il, and the vessel was 
launched October 5th of the same year, and sailed 
from the yard February -t, 1862, in connnand of the 
late Captain Charles W. Pickering, of Portsmouth. 

The battle between the two original vessels was 
on Sunday, June lit, 1864, in the Bay of Cherbourg, 
France, the "Kearsarge" then being in connnand of 
Captain .John A. Winslow, the "Alabama," which 
was sunk, being connnanded by Captain Raphael 
Semmes. The "Ivearsarge" was last fitted out 
here for sea in 1893, and left in July of that year, 
in conmiand of Captain A. S. Crowninshield. The 
vessel was finally wrecked on Roncador Reef, Feb- 
ruary -2, 18'J4, and destroyed. 

The "Kearsarge" — "Alabama" celebratiiin oc- 
curred September lit, liKX). The line of the parade 
consisted in part of the Governor of New Hampshire, 
Frank W. Rollins, and staff, the Naval Brigade, 
New Hampshire National Guard, New Hampshire 
Agricultural College Cadets, of Durham, Storer 
Post, No. 1, G. A. R., Ivearsarge Naval Veterans, 
of Boston, Thornton Naval Veterans, of ^Manchester, 
and the Governor of Alabama and ladies in carriages. 
There were about o, ()()() men in line, with (ieneral 
A. D. Ayling chief marshal. The decorations along 
tlu' route were ju'ofuse. and arches spamied Daniel 
Street, State Street, Liberty, South Mill and New 
Castle Bridues, and Ilavniaiket Sciuare. 






|-L.\Nr 0|- rilE FRANK JONES l!KLUI.\t, tu., LI.MUl.l 








The White Mountain Paper Company is located on the west side of the Piscataqua River on what is known as Freeman's 
Point, originally Ham's Point, so named from the first settler, William Ham, who was granted fifty acres of land here by 
the town in 1652, upon which he built a house, situated east of the brick office building about midway between it and the river, 
it remaining there until taken down about thirty years ago. The manufacturing plant of the Company, that enclosed under 
roofs, covers an area of twenty-two acres; the machinery being of the latest improved patterns, driven by electricity and steam 
engines aggregating 20,000 horse-power. The Company own 625 square miles of spruce and poplar timber lands in Maine and 
New Hampshire, with six ground wood pulp mills, located on the Saco River, with a development of 40,000 horse-power. The 
daily product of this Company being 250 tons of sulphite, 120 tons soda pulp, 200 tons of ground wood pulp, with a total 
output of finished paper of 500 tons per day ; manufactured into book, print, manilla, colored and super-calendered book papers. 



( )f the abundance of historic and interesting places 
and things in and around Portsmouth, a visit to the old 
town is not complete without crossing the Piscataqua, 
and feasting the eyes for a short time on the beauties 
Nature has so lavishly bestowed upon the river's banks 
and along the coast from "Old Strawberry Bank" to 
York Beach. To reach this picturesque and historic 
locality, you board the ferry-boat of the Portsmouth, 
Kittery and York Street Railway at their station, which 
is situated on the site of the old Spring Market, on Bow 
Street. In the three minutes' sail across, you will 
observe, in the distance, up the river, on the east bank, 
the beautiful "(jreenacre," surrounded by fine old trees 
and pleasant delves, fanned by the gentle breezes from 
the Piscataqua, with its high and rugged shores. Look- 
ing down the river can be seen the numerous islands, 
nearly all with a history. Before you, on the right, is 
the Navy Yard, and near where you land, at the left, on 
Badger's Island, formerly Langdon's, is the spot where 
the "America," the second man-of-war of the name, was 
built by order of the Continental Congress, under the 
supervision of John Paul Jones, and later presented to 
the French government, and afterward captured by the 
liritish in an engagement with Lord Howe. Upon 
alighting from the boat you will be seated in a commo- 
dious double-trucked car, and in an instant are across 
the bridge to the mainland in Kittery. If you have 
taken the Eliot car you will turn a sharp curve to the 
left and be on your way to the Greenacre, along the 
banks of the river, lined with beautiful and stately old 
trees and fine groves, interspersed with graceful coves, 
winding inlets and beautiful meadows, abruptly ending 
at the foot of some rugged hill or pleasant rise. If you 
have taken the York car, you turn the sharp curve to 

the right and are soon at Kittery Foreside and the Navy 
Yard. Thence you go along the highway over sightly 
hills and through green and woody valleys with farm- 
houses dotted here and there. Locke's Cove, at high 
tide an attractive little bay, is crossed, and ascending the 
hill you see pleasant cottages, with a fine view of 
the river and harbor and picturesque scenery. A few 
steps and you descend to Spruce Creek, with the old 
toll house yet standing at the end of the bridge. Here 
a small steamer awaits which runs between this point 
and New Castle, the historic old town by the sea. As 
you ascend the hill, making a sharp curve, then at the 
point of another is the Lady Pepperrell house, and near 
by on the left is the Sparhawk mansion, both ancient 
and of historic interest; here, too, is the old cemetery 
and meeting-house. Passing on, near the ruins of old 
Fort McClary, through vales and over hills, you soon 
find yourself at Kittery Point. Here close by the track, 
on the right, is the Sir William Pepperrell mansion, and 
a few steps beyond is the oldest house in Kittery, the 
liray house. Passing these and along the banks of 
Chauncey's Creek, you soon are in "Old York," the 
first chartered city in this country, with its old cemetery, 
court house and ancient jail, built in 1 (!.'>?). The car 
whirls you on through this historic town, with its 
magnificent scenery of both land and sea, passing 
pleasant and shady nooks and groves, with the stately 
oaks, the maple and the elm ; the tall pine and the 
scraggy old monarchs of the forest may be seen on every 
hand. Winding inland are the silent estuaries, creep- 
ing through meadow and marsh ; interspersed with views 
of the rocks and the sea, the hills and valleys, the forest 
and the streams: to say nothing of the beautiful farms, 
summer villas and hotels, the fine bathing beaches, 
playgrounds and handsome lawns, making a trip to \'ork 
Beach so \aried in its picturesque beauty and historic 
interest, as to hold one in raptured fascination to the end 






AT freeman's point. 





'.V •■•'■:/. rVy.'