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<»The Powderhorn« 

ISSUE 2 Volume 2 


Spring 1994 




ftefTshe canceled an exhibition of Robert 
ore it scheduled opening at ih 
^^ iux Director Christina Orr-Cahall app, 
^y. She couldn't have been more 
her decision no doubt pleased U^SrfiS^na tor Jesse Helms and%je handful of 

's photographs 
in Washington, 
was avoiding a 

litlciiins and religious leaders 
^''attacked the National Endow 
/libit, it outraged the nati 
in front of the gallery, seve 
"jhows at the 

icJv cm 


pk^*}icross the country 
/« censors. O"' '^ 

'5 CX- 

I ex- 


in a 


There's a 
to rest 
you hear 
say. They' 
afraid of tho 
other ideas 
only w 


ndemned Mapplelhor^'s Lmagery / 
f or pro vid ing fyrids for th e ex- / 
nstrators protested o^W^ street j 
been lift^ up for upcoming \ 
d otheffdlM^^d arts ad mj^tratois 
foj^wiglintcrpressure^Stn would- 
ell Nesbi^siMpedQis disapproval by an- 
ion bequ'^to tne^orc^ptn in his will And 
"lieliffiratBfcJarTFLivingston-v/ho^ had arrana^lnQr the Mapplethorpe i 
gton-^rtade her feelings kpi^n by resigning her job, I 
s CoK^ran's 54 teustees^|^blicry end^^d the director's hasty decision) 
norpe show, theywere apj5arenUy unprepared for what their chair- (^ 
yd Kreegej", later palled the '<;ontinued barrage' of criticism that it un- ] 
usi^iWien Qrf^Cahall submitted her resignation from the^ 
as no big surprise that the trusteejs-' 
y leaves her post on February 1, and Ln her letr 


'that my decision will help to eliirunate or abate\ 
tive difficulties' brought on by the Mapplethorpe cancel-! 

it ha^to come to this,,bjJtC^TrCahail clearly committed a serious errorf 
»he .^^Bf cff>t*'^^^-^"' '■--'' "'^i^iL A golden opportunity for one op 

W up for the rights of artists, and'' 
.'himed Into a debacle of unprece-> 
^ifmistake was her^ar)5:i3*Rnt-f=4iu=^* 

The sacredar' 

the profane 

Editor's Pase 

The Spring issue of The Powderhorn is finally here. We thank you for 
showing such an interest in the pubUcation and its success. The staff and I 
decided from the start that we would change certain things about the magazine. 
The first, and possibly the hardest, was designing and selecting a new masthead. 
Thanks to the efforts of Derrick Thomas we had four wonderful logos from 
which to make our final selection. We hope you like the new logo. We selected 
something that is visually pleasing, and easily recognizable. One of my main 
goals as editor was to create a new feeling about The Powderhorn. The staff 
and I set about on a public relations campaign of our own to promote the maga- 
zine. We hope our efforts will serve to carve out a permanent place for The 
Powderhorn among the fine student publications produced here at USCS. 

Last semester we received a handful of surveys which were insightful 
and really helped us in our efforts to revamp the magazine. We selected more 
articles this issue that relate directly to us, as students, our campus, and our 
community. We hope that each of you will take the time to fill out the survey 
on page 26 and return it to The Powderhorn office in Hodge 246. 

I have enjoyed my experience as editor for The Powderhorn this semes- 
ter. My staff never failed to surprise me with the fresh and exciting ideas which 
crossed the editorial table at each weekly meeting. To Josh Hatchell, my De- 
sign Editor, I owe a basket of kudos. Without you this issue would still be on 
disk somewhere waiting to be brought to life. Thank you for breathing life into 
this publication. 

My thanks to Ms. Jane Nodine for designing our dynamic cover. Our 
publication would not have looked so polished and visually 'alive' if we hadn't 
had you to call upon for advice and guidance. Josh and I especially appreciate 
the long weekend you spent helping us finish everything. 

My association with Dr. Nancy Moore provided me not only with an 
excellent faculty advisor but also with a mentor for the rest of my life. Your 
tireless dedication to The Powderhorn made this issue possible. You gave me 
guidance in all areas, staff management, budget writing, time management 
problems, and you even sparked a new interest in computers and desktop pub- 
lishing. Thank you, Dr. Moore, for being my guiding light this semester. 

Now, Reader, we turn the fate of The Powderhorn over to you. Read it, 
evaluate it, but mostly we just want you to enjoy it. 

I'he Powderhorn Staff 

Spring 1994 

Pamela F. Burgess Editor-in-chief 

Craig Martin Business Manager 

Josh M. Hatchell Design Editor 

Ella Bennett Photo Editor 

Lauri Sacco Features Editor 

Adam Stover Sports Editor 

Dr. Nancy Moore Faculty Advisor 

Ms. Jane Nodine Faculty Advisor 

Contributing Staff 

TimEarley Ashley Hawkins 
Jim Pennington Derrick Thomas 
Michael D. Wiggins Joshua Williams 

Our thanks to the following: 

Rob Moore, Editor, The Carolinian Dynagraphics Printing 
Dean Leon Wiles The Publication Board 
Matt Cary, Editor, The Prickly Pear Francis Brice 

Copyright 1994 by The Powderhorn and the University of South Carolina at Spartanburg. The Powderhorn 
IS published every semester by the students of the University of South Carolina at Spartanburg. 
Opinions expressed here are those of Tlie Powderhorn staff and contributors, and they do not necessarily 
reflect those of the faculty, staff. Publications Board, or administration of the University of South Carolina 
at Spartanburg. The magazine is distributed free to USC Spartanburg students, faculty, and staff. 


A Day in the Life of A Hick (Poet) 2-4 

Rites of Passage: Movies 5 

Scholarship Opportunities 6 

Teacher of The Year 7-8 

Take Me Out To The Ballgame 9-10 

uses Student Athletes 11 

Major Success 12 

Point/Counterpoint 13-14 

Hoopla 1994 15-16 

May Graduates 17-20 

Spring 1994 21-22 

Responsive Reading 27 

1 The Powderhorn 


"double- wide trailer livin,' pick- 
up truck drivin,' Spam luncheon 
meat-eating guy who caught a 
twenty pound carp once" 

By Tim Earley 

The Great Hick Poet, a junior 

Communications/Journalism major at USCS, 

walks around campus 

in virtual anonymity. 

He looks at his feet a 

lot, like he's trying to 

be modest. He never 

tucks in his shirt and 

wears red shoes 

whenever he feels 

especially odd. One 

day, I followed him 

home to Forest City, North Carolina, where 

he lives with his parents and watches too 

much PBS to be considered normal. A more 

or less detailed account of the encounter 


This afternoon, the Great Hick Poet is 
throwing around the pages of two thick black 
three-ring binders, "searching for 
epiphanies," as he puts it. 

He seems to say things like that on 

"No, this one reeks of teen angst," He 
mutters, flips a page. 

"Damn, riddled with expledves. I 
can't read this in front of my mother. If she 
invites her friends from the garden club, they 
would excommunicate her if I read that 
poem, and come to our house and trim our 
hedges past redemption." 

The Great Hick Poet, age twenty-two. 

is preparing for his first public reading of 
poetry. The name begs explanation. It's true 
that the Great Hick Poet has not yet been 
canonized as great by the literary 

establishment. But his 
former high school 
English teachers agree 
he's pretty dam good, 
if a bit recalcitrant. By 
his own definition — 
"double-wide trailer 
hvin,' pick-up truck 
drivin,' Spam 
luncheon meat-eating guy who caught a 
twenty pound cai"p once" — he is a hick. And 
he does write poems, although he's more 
interested in fiction. But somehow. Great 
Hick Fiction Writer doesn't connote adequate 
grandiosity. Why contrive such a name? 

"It's just a half-way amusing 
oxymoron. It's how I'm going to describe 
myself to consdpated, pseudo-intellectual 
interviewers from The American Poetry 
Review when I become famous for using gas 
pumps as phallic symbols." His wit, he says, 
often goes unappreciated. 

The Great Hick Poet flips more pages, 
but finds no artistic godsends. He is the 
scheduled reader at The Rutherford County 
Arts Council less than a month from now and 
has no idea of what he might read. In his 
esdmation, all of his poems are either too 
risky or too obscure to read in front of a 
group of conservative family and friends. 

The Powderhom 2 

"One of my better poems deals with 
various rituals devised by a rather disturbed 
fellow who's having a hard time relating to 
his lover, if you know what I mean. The 
ideas never get out of his brain, but there 
are references to cannibalism, peaches, odd 
corporeal deformities, and suicide as a form 
of baptism. It's the crowd-pleasing 
equivalent of 
Herpes Simplex 

Great Hick 
Poet decides to 
stop worrying 
about it for a 
while. He 
shoves the two 
binders into a 
desk drawer 
and sits on the 
edge of his bed, 
placing his 
elbows onto his 
knees and his 
fists under his 
chin, like he's 
teeing up his 
brain for a 
quick thwack 
by Erato, the 
Muse most 
handy with a 
three-iron. He 
looks bored. 

His room looks like it was decorated 
by Beaver Cleaver and Jim Morrison. 

Little League baseball trophies share 
shelf space with copies of Naked Lunch 
and The Tropic of Cancer. The walls are 
plastered with album covers. Pink Floyd, 
The Rolling Stones; a nautical-style 
barometer hangs above a poster-sized 

photograph of none other than the Great 
Hick Poet himself; various plaques, mostly 
writing awards, surround a caricature 
drawing of the Great Hick Poet and his 
girlfriend; a model Corvette idles atop a 
television, and clippings of quotes by Henry 
David Thoreau and Robert Frost are pasted 
all over its hood, sides, and roof. 

One gets the 
feeling that hubris 
and a conscious 
deviance are not 

commodities in 
this place. 

"Once my 
preacher came to 
visit my family, 
and my mom gave 
him a tour of our 
house. After he 
was in my room, 
he asked my mom 
in a low voice if I 
gave her any 
trouble. So later, 
to mess with his 
mind, I wrote this 
religious poem for 
the church 
bulletin. He told 
me he was glad to 
see me using my 
talent for God." 
The Great Hick 
Poet's reaction to his surroundings, the 
South's religion-oriented, patriarchal, 
authoritarian social structure, is not 
uncommon. Great Hick Poets abound at 
liberal arts schools in the South. 

A young, intelligent Southern male 
with a soft set of sensibilities doesn't fit in 
well with the South's emphasis on brawn and 

The Powderhom 

". . . if you write pretty 
sentences about a hot dog stand 
and don't bother to find out 
what died in the chih barrel 
three days ago and still can be 
pleased with it, then dig ditches, 
lay bricks. Just don't write." 

order. So that he can establish a sense of self- 
worth, he attempts to rise above these social 
roadblocks in a high-minded way, in this 
case through writing poetry and fiction and 
pasting lofty quotes on a model Corvette. 
What does the Great Hick Poet think of this 

"Yeah. I guess 
that's right. I'd like 
to think I was some 
screamingly original 
creative genius, 
instead of a decent 
DNA pattern thrown 
into circumstances 
bound to conflict 
with my way of 
thinking. I have fun 
though, regardless." 

The reading 
looms and he cannot read what he really 
writes and really believes, because he could 
not remain at peace with the place he lives if 
he did. (Thomas Wolfe Syndrome, anyone?) 
So he sits on his bed, trying to figure out 
why he agreed to read in the first place. 

"1 wanted to show off, I guess. I need 
to develop a greater social and moral 
conscience first. I'm sure if I mention sex, 
my Uncle's blood/sugar level will get all 

The Great Hick Poet still looks like a 
boy He has a boy's soft mouth. His 
moustache appears to be a conscious effort to 
make himself look older, and his voice still 
cracks sometimes. 

But when he begins to talk about 
writing, and tones down his thin comic 
bravado and ceases his exercises in sarcasm, 
it's hard to dismiss him as another bright, 
confused, card-carrying non-conformist. He 
has passion coupled with his wit. 

"All good writing is an attempt to get 
in touch with some sort of mystery. You can 

have a wonderful style and string together one 
perfect paragraph after the other, but if you 
don't dig something out that only you can 
find, then I don't see much point in writing at 

"If a nice style is all you care about, if 
you write pretty sentences about a hot dog 

stand and don't bother to 
find out what died in the 
chili barrel three days ago 
and still can be pleased 
with it, then dig ditches, 
lay bricks. Just don't 

"Hint at the unknown, 
the unknown that is 
everything. I'm not 
talking about Star Trek 
here, but about the 
unknown that resides with 
us, the sheen of mystery at the edges of our 
skin, the dew that is laced through our fur like 
morning, if you will. Never try to pin the 
unknown down, because it will kick and 

Continued on Page 23 

Help Wanted 

The Powderhorn 

Hodge 246 


riie Powderhorn 

Rites of Passage: 
Movies Every College 
Student Should See 

By Jim Pennington and Adam Stover 

Adam's list: 

10. Eraserhead- A cult classic from director, 
David Lynch, about a man and his surreal 

9. Singles- A flick about finding your soul mate 
and finding Seattle. 

8. Reality Bites- Wynona Ryder and Ethan 
Hawke try to figure out if love and friendship 

7. What's Eating Gilbert Grape?- Hilarious 
Johnny Depp vehicle about being trapped in a 
deadend job in a small town. 
6. Pump Up the Volume- Christian Slater as a 
pirate radio show host with teenage angst on his 

5. One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest- Jack 
Nicholson in an insane asylum, need I say 

4. Rocky Horror Picture Show- Cross Franken- 
stein and Oklahoma and make the mad scien- 
tist a transvestite. 

3. A Clockwork Orange- Crime and punishment 
in the near future. It will change the way you 
look at the powers that be. 
2. Gift- Sex, drugs, rehab, and death via Perry 
Farrell and Jane's Addiction. 
1 . The Wall- Burned out rock star ponders sex, 
war and alienation the way only Pink Floyd can. 
This film has too many levels for even me to get 
into. It's just a movie you have to experience. 

Jim's List: 

10. The Sure Thing- Director, Rob Reiner's 
realistic and touching look at a college-age 
romance between Daphne Zuniga and John 
Cusak (still good even though it was made in 

9. Heathers- For anyone who doesn't understand 
the appeal of Wynona Ryder and Christian 

8. Say Anything- First love in high school and 
lone Skye-what could be sweeter? 
7. Singles- Even though it's set in Seattle's 
grunge scene, it's still a true-to-life depiction of 
romance among the members of Generation X. 
6. National Lampoon's Animal House- The all- 
time classic college-party movie, I urge you to 
see this if you haven't. 

5. A Clockwork Orange- We both agree on this 
one. A frightening look at the government of the 
future. Director, Stanley Kubrick can still thrill 
audiences with this one, should be required 
viewing for all freshmen. 
4. Pump Up the Volume- Once again Christian 
Slater in a little-seen classic of teen angst, 
teaches there is life after high school. 
3. The Rocky Horror Picture Show- A movie 
with something for everyone, transvestites, 
virgins, homosexuality, Meatloaf, and rock n' 
roll. Viewers learn to give in to ultimate plea- 
sure, raincoat optional. 

2. Reality Bites- Possibly the funniest, smartest, 
sexiest movie of 1994. A visual textbook for 
anyone who doesn't understand Generation X. 
One main reason why every guy age twenty to 
thirty has a crush on Wynona Ryder, also one 
heck of a soundtrack CD. 
1 . Pink Floyd The Wall- 1 agree with Adam on 
this one-has to be seen to be believed. 

The Powderhorn 


Veterans Benefits 

By Ashley Hawkins 

USCS scholarship coordinator 
Bobby Holcombe is known for his sunny 
disposition, but his tone is serious when 
he tells how students overlook a valuable 
resource when 
they don't 
"There's a lot 
of money from 

outside scholarships that goes unused 
because students don't know how, or 
where, to apply. If students will just 
invest a Saturday — go to the library, talk 
to their parents — it may turn out to be 
really worth their while." 

Students seem to believe that once 
they've applied for federal and 
institutional funding, they've done all 
they can. Not so. Aside from the 
academic, athletic, and merit scholarships 
students usually apply for, there are civic 
and community scholarships, work- 
related scholarships, and religious 
scholarships and loans. In addition, there 
are regional, national, and international 
resources, as well as funds that come 
from commercial promotions. 

Holcombe suggests that students 
contact the Chamber of Commerce for a 
list of civic and community organizations 
and the human resources departments at 
the workplaces of their parents. They may 

find information on scholarships, loans, 
tuition reimbursement, CO-OP programs, 
and work indebtedness. Church offices 
may know of scholarships and loans 
offered by the student's denomination, 
and the Public 
Library Reference 
Department offers 
guides to regional, 
national, and 
scholarship sources. 
Holcombe urges 
students not to overlook the opportunities 
open to veterans and their children. "They 
can call or have their parents call, 1-800- 
827-1000 to find out about veterans' 
benefits," Holcomb advises, "students 
should have information on military 
service ready when making the call. " 

"Here's one of my favorites," says 
Holcombe, as he produces a very 
interesting example of just what a student 
might come up with. "It's an actual 
scholarship from an Ohio organization 
called the Women's Auxiliary to the 
Military Order of the Cootie of the 

Students should watch for 
promotions in stores or in magazines. 
Sometimes scholarships are awarded as 
part of a promotion. For example, there's 
the $1000 scholarship 

Continued on page 23 

The Powderhorn 6 

THE YEAR FOR 1993-94 

By Ashley Hawkins 

The Nationsbank Teacher-of-the- 
Year Award will be presented for the 
eleventh time in 1994. The entire USC 
system participated from 1971 until 1993; 
uses began its own award in 1983 and 
continues today. According to Associate 
Chancellor and Dean of Student Affairs, 
Leon Wiles, the selection of a single 
recipient is the result of weeks of 
conscientious effort. "It's very tough to 
make the decision. There's usually more 
than one you'd like to recognize; it's hard 
to narrow it down to just one." 

The process begins in January and 
February, with the solicitation of 
nominations from students. At the same 
time, the deans of the divisions are asked 
to name two students to the selection 
committee, students whose good conduct 
and academic standing suggest that they 
will carefully discharge the 
responsibilities of committee 
membership. A student chair is selected, 
and Wiles serves as advisor to the 
committee, which must rank nominees 
and select the top five or six. Candidates 
receive a congratulatory letter requesting 
information on publications, community 
service, and philosophy of teaching, along 

7 The Powderhorn 

with recommendations from two 
colleagues and three students. 

Once in a while, a nomination is 
declined. "Sometimes," says Wiles, "they 
don't participate because they're 
philosophically opposed to it." 

As Wiles explains, "Some 
professors believe we should identify as 
many outstanding teachers as possible 
and recognize them all." Despite some 
differences of opinion about the means, 
few would disagree about the end — the 
promotion of excellence. The award's 
positive, supportive purpose is widely 

In most cases, the nominees accept 
and assemble the requested materials. 
Candidates are then interviewed by the 
committee, the "best part" of the process, 
according to Wiles. "I like the interviews. 
They provide an opportunity to learn 
more about the faculty, as well as insight 
into commitment and teaching strategies. 
I believe this is also enjoyable for the 
committee. This pleasant interlude is 
followed by the most difficult part of the 
procedure, choosing one name." 

The 1993-1994 Teacher-of-the- 
Year Award will be announced at 

1993-94 Nominees 

Dr. Diana Clary, School of Business Administration-Accounting 

Dr. Richard Combes, Social & Behavioral Sciences-Philosophy 

Dr. Ed Donovan, School of Education-Sciences 

Dr. Liza Kuecker, Social & Behavioral Sciences-Sociology 

Dr. Nancy Moore, Fine Arts, Lang. & Literature Division-EngUsh 

Ms. Karen Peel, Mary Black School of Nursing-Adult Health 

Past Honorees 

1983-84 Ms. Cecilia J. Cogdell, Mary Black School of Nursing-Nursing 

1984-85 Dr. Janet Yehl Griffin, Social & Behavioral Sciences-Psychology 

1985-86 Dr. Dwight E. Lambert, Social & Behavioral Sciences-Government 

1986-87 Dr. Lyle D. Campbell, Natural Sciences & Engineering-Geology 

1987-88 Dr. Karen F. Robertson, School of Education-Education 

1988-89 Mr. Warren J. Carson, Fine Arts, Language & Literature-English 

1989-90 Ms. Brenda W. Davenport, Fine Arts, Language & Literature-English 

1990-91 Ms. Rachelle C. Prioleau, Fine Arts, Lang. & Literature-Communications 

1991-92 Ms. Juanita Thaxton, Mary Black School of Nursing-Nursing 

1992-93 Dr. Gillian Newberry, Natural Sciences & Engineering-Biology 

The Powderhorn 8 


By Adam Stover 

"We're the longest running team and 
oldest minor league park in the country," said 
Jane Gado, Director of Sales for the Spartanburg 
Phillies. The single A baseball team has been a 
fixture in the Spartanburg community since 
1968, but the Phillies may leave town in 1995 
due to lack of support. 

The Phillies are under new management 
this season. The waning attendance of Phillies 
fans has led management to make some 

changes in home game activities. This season 
during every half inning of each home game, 
some sort of entertainment will be provided. 
Promotional giveaways every Friday and Satur- 
day night encourage fans to attend home games. 
The bottom picnic area on the field will house 
the Hardball Cafe, where fans can enjoy quality 
sit-down meals. 

Phillies management have made all the 
changes to ensure an evening at the park is an 

enjoyable experience for everyone. If Spartan- 
burg fans intend to continue enjoying watching 
the Phillies, they should put on their favorite 
Phillies cap, load the kids in the car, and head 
out to Duncan Park. 

9 The Powderhoni 

The Powderhom 1 


By Adam Stover 

Most students find it challenging to 

balance school work and their life outside the 
classroom. For USCS student athletes the 
balancing process is even more challenging 
because of the added pressure to perform both in 
the classroom and on the field or court. 

Marlon Burgess, soccer player, said 
"The demands on the athlete's time are hard to 
deal with." Lady Rifleman basketball player, 
Paula Blackwell said that non-athletes stereotyp- 
ing athletes as 'dumb jocks' is one of the most 

difficult things about being an athlete. She uses 
that as motivation to do well in class and prove 
those people wrong. Due to hard work and 
dedication, both Blackwell and Burgess have 
grade point averages above a 3.0. 

Most of their peers don't realize how 
many hours student athletes spend on the field or 
in the gym practicing, let alone all the time spent 
traveling, and actually playing the games. Even 
though juggling school, practices, and games 
may be tough at times, these students are willing 
to make sacrifices because of a love for their 

Being a student athlete does have its 
upside, though. It teaches students time manage- 
ment, discipline, and goal recognition. 








If fj 1 mm ^^^k 

|f fl 







1 1 The Powderhom 


By Jim Pennington 

In the spring of 1991, USCS students 
communicated what they wanted and received 
results-a communications major. Students led 
protests that included wearing black arm bands to 
classes and school events and staging a protest on 
the university quadrangle, which gained the 
attention of the local media, the community, and 
the administration. 

"It's been a popular degree nationally. It 
was also something the faculty was behind," 
commented Dr. Donald Knight, Division Chair- 
man for Fine Arts, Language & Literature. 

Until the acceptance of the communica- 
tions major, a Bachelor of Arts in English with a 
concentration in journalism was the only degree 
option open to students interested in a career in 
mass media. According to the 1993-94 USCS 
Catalog, there are three concentrations of study 
within the communications major, journalism, 
theatre, and speech. The communications major 
offers students more opportunities to take classes 
grounded in their field. 

"The largest number of students in the 
program are journalism students. Currently, there 
are 85 communications majors. Of that, 65 are 
journalism students," Knight said 

The Shoestring Players, university student 
publications, and the debate team are activities 
which allow communications students to polish 
their skills and talents outside the classroom. 

"Even though it hasn't been around too 
long, it has already been declared successful." 
Knight said, " the program is growing by 'leaps 
and bounds' and is running ahead of the faculty's 

Tlw I'mvdcrlwni I 2 

By Josuha Williams 

Working at the University Writing Center, 
I hear a good many students complaining about 
their professors. One subject that seems to arise 
again and again is the constant 
"attack" on students' beliefs by 
their professors. Several students 
have complained that some of the 
material and methods go beyond 
what is really necessary. Is shock 
value really that educational? 
Have some professors gone too 
far with their teaching methods? 

Many college students 
feel that information, and nothing 
more, should be the subject of 
college classes. However, we are 
all quite aware that this is often not the case. 
How many times can you recall a lecture that 
dealt with issues other than the simple, or not so 
simple, discussion of facts? The presentation of 
those facts, be it interesting or quite uninteresting, 
does not necessarily have to involve any shock 
value. Or does it? It would seem that no matter 
how much students may desire information, and 
information only, to be the subject of a 
professor's lecture material, this is simply not the 
case. Many subjects cannot be studied impar- 
tially, but must invoke some bias, either like or 
dislike, within the student. Professor Jimm Cox 
asks, "How can we compete with MTV, HBO and 
Cinemax?" This question illustrates one of the 
biggest problems teachers face today. Quite 
simply, teachers are forced to compete with all 
kinds of distractions for a student's attention. It 
seems obvious that if today's professors want to 
teach something, they are going to have to use 
whatever tools are at their disposal, especially if a 

1 3 The Powderhom 

"There are people who 
don't always realize what 
they need to know, and 
those same people are often 
the ones who most need to 
know what they don't think 
they need to know." 

-Jimm Cox 

student is not particularly motivated. The fallacy 
in the reasoning of most college students is that no 
one wants to be confronted with something, be it 
information, art or religious beliefs, that they do 
not personally believe in or like, especially when 
such a subject makes them ques- 
tion their own beliefs. The prob- 
lem is that the whole point of 
going to college is to "broaden 
one's horizons," but many stu- 
dents feel that their horizons are 
broad enough already. According 
to Professor Cox, "There are 
people who don't always realize 
what they need to know, and those 
same people are often the ones 
who most need to know what they 
don't think they need to know." 
Learning has never been an easy process, and the 
entire point of learning is to broaden your hori- 
zons, whether you like it or not. The learning 
process isn't easy because it isn't supposed to be 
easy. This is not the only time in students' lives 
when they will be exposed to new ideas and 
beliefs that they don't agree with, but it is the only 
time when students will have to sit there for 50 
minutes, day after day, and listen to what's being 

Now, more than ever, we need teachers 
who can shock students into thinking for them- 
selves. College isn't what it was twenty years ago. 
It's not about regurgitating facts; it's about knowl- 
edge. It's about knowing who you are, what you 
believe, and what you want to do with that infor- 
mation. Even if the subject matter of your class in 
some way offends or annoys you, you are learning 

Continued on page 23 


By Michael D. Wiggins 

An obviously popular teaching method at 
our university is the use of shock. This method is 
intended to jolt students into awareness of that big, 
wide, wonderful world out there. Shocking lan- 
guage, disgusting anecdotes, and gross, disturbing 
visual aids in the form of artwork or video are all 
tools of the trade. Too many on our campus seem 
quite willing to placidly accept any information 
served them, no matter the method used. Perhaps 
being startled from boredom by the exciting 
exhibition at the front of the class is reason enough 
for some to take information at face value. 

Often there is little or no warning that 
violent or explicit material is to be presented 
during the semester. Once it becomes quite evi- 
dent to the student that he or she can look forward 
to being offended quite a lot during the course, it is 
often not possible to do anything 
about it. Protests that students be 
forewarned about the more radical 
practices or that potentially highly 
offensive assignments be balanced 
by alternative course work are 
usually refuted with scorn by 
proponents of the shock method. 
To be offended by shocking lan- 
guage and sexually explicit art- 
work, they say, is to be narrow- 
minded and prejudiced against 
society's fringes. 
Maybe so, but even professors, 
who should be the greatest defenders of this 
practice, aren't neatly aligned behind it. Dr. 
Tamara Valentine, a linguistics and English pro- 
fessor at uses, doesn't feel that the planned use 
of potentially offensive material in the classroom 
requires prior mention in the syllabus because as 

There is also the possi- 
bility that by thrusting a 
delicate subject in 
someone's face and 
demanding its accep- 
tance, the communica- 
tive effort may be 
simply destroyed. 

she puts it, "I feel that you're apologizing for the 
art." Even so, she is willing to provide alternative 
assignments for anyone greatly offended by the 
subject matter of an initial assignment. 

Dr. Richard Predmore of the same division 
felt differently about presenting potentially objec- 
tionable material to his students. "I think they 
should be informed and should be allowed if they 
have objections to the assignment, to perform 
some alternate assignment. ... I think we need to 
respect people's feelings." 

There is also the possibility that by thrust- 
ing a delicate subject in someone's face and de- 
manding its acceptance, the communicative effort 
may be simply destroyed. Instilling awareness of 
one's environment is surely for naught if invasive 
methods of teaching have instilled hostility and 
resistance as well. Equally possible is that compli- 
cated value-based decisions may be 
reached without any thought at all, 
particularly when a well-spoken 
instructor imparts his or her personal 
bias in a discussion of controversial 
issues. Impressionable students 
used to accepting classroom infor- 
mation without question may sim- 
ply take an eloquent professor's 
opinion as fact. For example, in 
injecting multi-cultural awareness 
and diversity, Valentine conceded 
that "unfortunately, I think many of 
us do teach them what to think 
rather than how to think. Too often I think our 
students jump to rapid conclusions. . . . and I think 
that loses the whole point of shock value." 

If a professor provides information perti- 
nent to his or her course on a syllabus, it's 

Continued on page 23 

The Powderhorn 1 4 

Adrienne Crowley was 
crowned Homecoming Queen 
and the King's crown went to 
Jeff Ballenger. Homecoming 
week activities included a pie- 
throwing contest which fea- 
tured favored faculty members 
like Dr. Jim Griffis, as targets. 
CAB also sponsored a tution 
give-away contest, the winner 
was Ryan Tucker. The Rifles 
Basketball team matched up 
with Armstrong State College 
for a 95-88 loss. 

15 The Powderhom 

The Powderhorn 1 6 


Martha Alyson Abercrombie 
Douglas Gamble Acker 

Janice Ann Adams 

Samuel Edward Allgood 

Pamela Amatucci 

Kalpesh Amin 

Kenneth Aaron Anderson 

Mindora Marie Anderson 

Christopher Scott Andrews 

Heather Tekulve Arthur 

Velma Roddy Atkinson 

Debra Michele Bagwell 

Anita Jill Barnette 

Maria Magdalena Baty 

Crystal Michelle Bell 

Mark Edward Bender 

Vicki Elisa Bender 

Rebecca Sue Inabinett Billings 

Richard Howard Billings 

Carol Kellett Bindewald 

Tiffany Michelle Bishop 

Alice Frances Blackwell 

Cathy Ann Blackwell 

Beverly Lynn Ledbetter Blanton 

Christa Marie Bloecher 

Rita Ann Bolin 

Marsha Lee Bolton 

Amethyst Aleesa Bowen 

Barbara Gayle Boykin 

Pamela Clayton Brackett 

Andrea Leigh Bradley 

Rebekah Marie Raines Brock 

Darlene Emerson Brown 

Lisa Ann Brown 

Rebecca Lou Vamer Bryan 

Heidi Brooke Buice 

Judy Anne BuUis 

Pamela Faye Burgess 

William Roger Byrd, Jr. 

Patricia Lunsford Cantrell 

Douglas Trent Carithers 

Gina Ann Carter 

Lee Anne Cavin 

Laura Lynn Cazallis 

Sherry Lynn Chapman 

Cathy Lynn Chastain 

Li Li Chow 

17 The Powderhorn 

Kimberly Fay Clary 

Janet Hendrix Coggins 

Sarahanne Wright Coker 

Casey Ayne Cook 

Johnston Lee Cook 

Stacey Lee Copple 

Emily Kay Patterson Corbett 

Heather Musee Costello 

Tamara Lynette Couch 

Latonya Shondell Covington 

Melissa Lynn Cox 

Margarete Nicole Crittendon 

Emily Dianne Cooley Crocker 

Melva Jean Crouch 

Michelle Anne Crowder 

Adrienne Francine Crowley 

Mary Robbins Cunningham 

Christine Julia Cusick 

Tuoi Hung Dang 

James Edwin Daughtry, Jr. 

Jessica Whitney Davenport 

Angela Canty David 

Shannon Chadwick Davidson 

Michelle G. Davis 

Sara Lela Davis 

Faith Crawford Deaver 

Stephanie Ann Dekoeyer 

Geri Elizabeth Hamilton Delorenzi 

Stephen Lee Denton 

Georgie Annette Dill 

Bryce Thomson Dillard 

Weirong Ding 

Gina Ellis Doiron 

Jennifer Ehzabeth Doll 

Patricia Lermord Dupree 

Lori Laine Durrence 

Shin Ejiri 

Michael Joseph Ellison 

Marilyn Ann Evans 

Cynthia Ann Ewoldsen 

Jenaffer Lin Fahrenkrug 

Jill Pfeifer Fant 

Jennifer Sue Farmer 

Lesley Heather Few 

Gina Raphiela Fickenworth 

Edward Win Flint 

Heather Lynne Forrester 

Michael John Fowler 

William Clyde Fowler 

Yolanda Regina Fowler 

Kenneth Harrison Fox 

Melanie Lisa Franke 

James David Franklin 

Sandy Lynn Gahagan 

Shelia Denise Thompson Gambrell 

Glenn Michael Gann 

Ronald Wayne Gamer 

Kelly Leah Garrison 

Philip Wesley Gary 

Karen Kaiser Gates 

Bemetta Patrice Geter 

Raymond Vance Gibson 

Sara Denise Gilbert 

Sherry Rachelle Giles 

Tonya L. Giles 

Christopher Eugene Glenn 

Carla Elisa Nations Glover 

Sheree Kennedy Godwin 

Amanda Larue Goldstrom 

Amy Helen Gorman 

Sonja Sha Gory 

Brandon Eugene Gray 

Camilla Renee Gray 

Terry Lee Greene 

Alice Mize Gregory 

Kathy C. Gregory 

Ann Elizabeth Hoffman Gresimer 

Kimberly Loretta Griffith 

Stacey Rene Grubb 

Marlys Linda Guerrant 

Timothy Brian Gunnell 

Verle Eugene Guntrum, Jr. 

Linda T. Guy 

Rachel Amanda Haggard 

Sonya Thompson Hale 

Cynthia Renae Parsons Hall 

Marietta Inez Ham 

Merle Ann Hammond 

Wanda Kaye Hancock 

Crista Faye Hardin 

Harry Edward Hardin, III 

Susan Michelle Hardin 

Tracy Elizabeth Hardy 

Lori Amanda Hawkins 

The Powderhorn ' 8 

Timothy Scott Hayes 

Michael Chad Henderson 

Christopher Shane Hensley 

Cassie Ehzabeth Hipp 

Ytonnya Lyvette Holloway 

Robert Regan Honeycutt 

Marie M. Horton 

Amanda Jean Howard 

Deedra Sharell Howard 

EUzabeth Yvonne Branch Howell 

Monica Marie Hunt 

Mark Wesley Inman 

John Brent Ivey 

Randy Eugene Jackson 

Daniel Greely Jeter 

Lyndon Baines Johnson 

Carrie Ann Jones 

Melody Jean Jones 

Christee Tommee Jordan 

Dena Raquel Justice 
Melissa Cyrenthia Keith 

Jeffrie Allen Kelley 

Rosalyn Marquita Kelly 

Daniel Ray Kimbrell 

Vanoudom Kingsada 

Wendi Michele Kingsmore 

Sonnia Kirayoglu 

Iris Wheeler Knowles 

Mary Sanders Knox 

George William Koury, Jr. 

Elizabeth Knowles Laporte 

Joan E. Larkin 

Emma Jean Lawing 

Heather Alison Lawter 

Joseph Chad Lawter 

Tommy Wayne Layton 

Neil Jamison Leach 

Lisa Moree Leamy 

Melissa Hope Lee 

Scott Henry Leonard 

Patrick Lewis 
Mark Donald Libner 
Tabithe Leeann Linder 
Lorraine Eleanor Litkett 
Sheryl Christina Loftis 
Warren Clay Lovett, Jr. 
Melinda Michelle Manley 

Angela Fowler Martin 
Cynthia Elaine Martin 
Deborah Winoa Martin 
Jay Anthony Martinez 
Leigh Harbin Massaro 
William Gilbert Mayer 
William Mark Mayfield 

Tina Marie Maynard 

Colleen Deane McAbee 

Craig Lockie McAvoy 

Paula Lynn McBee 

Stephen Christopher McCrary 

Amity Liane McCullough 

Melanie Darlene McDaniel 

Barbara Ann McKinney 

John Edward Melba 

Lisa Danise Melton 

Amy Marie Metger 

Susan Lillia Milford 

Richard Edward Miller 

Katherine Mackenzie Minnix 

Jennifer Leigh Mitchell 

Danielle Jannyne Moody 

Diane Forrest Ferguson Moore 

Billy Steve Morris 

Greta Guinn Morris 

Ginger Frances Morrow 

Mary O'dell Moses 

Pamela Grace Moses 

Anne Nance Nail 

Frances Charlene Nance 

Jackie Theron Neal, Jr. 

Sonny Shu Fung Ng 

Robert Cecil Gates 

Jana Leigh Oglesby 

Amy Susan Kilpatrick Oliver 

Victor Joseph Pace 

Gayle Brown Palmer 

Patrick Francis Panuccio 

Anita Renee Parham 
Michael Gordon Patrick 

Lisa Shannon Petty 

Elizabeth Anne Phillips 

Patricia Leigh Phillips 

Robert Douglas Phillips 

Lori Ann Poole 

Peggy Sue Poole 

19 The Powderhorn 

Melvin Bradley Porter 

Arthur Gregory Powell 

Tammy Lynn Gordon Pridmore 

Amy Hampton Pruitt 

Virginia Ann Pruitt 

Kerri Leanne Quinton 

Arash Rafiee 

Paula Michelle Ramsey 

Anthony Craig Ravan 

Gordon James Ray 

Owen Thornton Reeves, Jr. 

Janice Margaret Reynolds 

James David Riddle 

Pamela Kaye Rish 

Wendy Kathleen Roach 

Janice Diane Roberson 

Teri Leigh Roberts 

Evon Denise Robinson 

Lee Winbum Robinson 

Angela Jan Rochester 

William Michael Rogers, II 

Lisa Michelle Rollins 

Gail Phillips Rotolo 

Debra Lynn Rozier 

Britton Kenneth Russell 

Barbara Leigh Ryan 

David Aaron Sargent 

Markus Ueli Schmid 

Alexandra Patricia Scordilis 

Valerie Denise Scott 

Paula Annette Scruggs 

Tina Inez Seawell 
Michele Osborne Sell 

Mary Foster Setzer 

Anne Marylou Sexton 

Lisa Ann Shetley 

Tammy Lorraine Shields 

Angela Regina Sims 

Jenette R. Sims 
Michael Anthony Sisk 
Annette Marie Smith 
Barbara Arlene Smith 

Kelli Rae Smith 

Kimberly Kay Smith 

Reginald Lewis Smith 

Eve Elizabeth Tobias Smoak 

Erin Elizabeth Snee 

Kalliope Kelli Stathos 

Janice Marie Godfrey Storey 

Phillip Eugene Stout 
Christopher Richard Swalm 

Connie Reed Swofford 
Karen Michelle Tankersley 

June H. Taylor 
Lewis Newnam Terry, III 

Claudia Com Thomas 

Randall Wayne Thompson 

Vanessa Thompson 

Laurie S. Thrailkill 

Erin Leigh Tingle 

Stephanie Elisabeth Tipton 

Susan Lee Trupp 

Ingrid Felicisa Tucker 

Laurie Ann Tucker 

Rhonda Devonne Tucker 

Richard Barry Tucker 

Sally June Tucker 

Janine Louise Van Camp 

Timothy Scott Vamer 

David Mark Vehom 

Shannon Renee Waff 

Nettie Louan Waldrop 

Emily Clifton Watson 

Heather Marie Weare 

Deborah Jane Weathers 

Amy Ruth Weaver 

Tammy Annette Weaver 

Dina Renea Webber 

Charles Turner Welch 

Patty Ann Mcswain Wells 

Amy Jonjalene Westmoreland 

Stephen Andrew White 

Nathan Vondees Wiggins 

Bobby Lee Wilkins, Jr. 

Sharon Susanne Williams 

Teresa Crim Williamson 

Jesse Myles Wilson, Jr. 

Laura Corbett Wilson 

Clifford Goldmon Winters 

Penny Correll Wofford 

Rhonda Gaye Wood 

Jeffrey Wayne Wyatt 

May Graduates! 

The Powclcrhorn 20 

A Backwards Glance-Spring 1994 

January Spring semester classes were 
delayed due to ice and snow, students were 
homebound for two days. Martin Luther King Day 
Program included guest speaker, Juan Williams, 
political analyst of The Washington Post. Interna- 
tional film for the month was German made Tonio 
Kroger. Art lecture and gallery exhibit by John 
Caputo began semester art gallery showings. 
Music on Monday series featured pianist Don 
Gillespie. Auditions for cast of Bent and Pippin 
began. Debate students competed in Gold Dome 
Debate Tournament. Campus Life Center 
launched complete with pep rally. 

February Homecoming festivities began 
with Homecoming Carnival in Hodge Center 
Lobby. Homecoming week activities included a 
spirit banner contest, African American Associa- 
tion won first prize, a pie throwing 
contest. Students could aim cream pie 
ammunition at some of their favorite 
faculty targets. Rifles Basketball team 
played Armstrong State College; 
Homecoming queen and king were 
crowned during half-time. Illusionist 
Craig Karges performed for CAB 
Wednesday lunch series. Foreign film 
for the month was Cinema Paradise. 
Gordon-Collums Gospel Choir per- 
formed its eighteenth anniversary 
concert. Comedian Renee Hicks was 
the second performer in February for 
theCAB Wednesday lunch series. 
Music on Monday series presented 
"Festivals of Spirits." The third 
foreign film featured was Los Zancos a 
Spanish film. Mary Stewart art exhibi- 
tion and lecture followed up as second 
in art gallery showings. Black History 
Month Convocation speaker was 

Susan Taylor, editor-in-chief of Essence 

March CAB presented performer Brad 
Lowery. German film. Last Honor ofKatrina 
Blum was first March foreign film. Basketball 
teams competed in 1994 Peach Belt Athletic 
Conference. Shoestring Players production of 
Bent was 9-13. Joanne Felt exhibit and lecture 
was third in art gallery shows. Second foreign 
film for March was May Fools. Music on Mon- 
day series performance provided by Shady Grove 
Band. CAB Wednesday performance was Scared, 
Weird, Little Guys. Recital of Schubert Songs by 
John Wustman. 

Whatever Your Fitness Needs, We will Personally 
Design an Individual Workout Program to Meet Them. 

Student Memberships 

$120 Per Year or $19 Per Month 

Ask Jeff for details, limited to first 50 students. Exp. 4/30/94 

1600 Reidville Road 
Camelot Center 

Open 7 Days a Week 


I This Guesl Pass is Valid at Gold's Gym of Spananburg I 
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2 1 The Powderhoni 










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The Powderhorn 22 


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Asheville Hwy. 

Spartanburg, SC 29303 





for Your 

Counterpoint cont. from Page 14 

not an excuse offered for sordid material; 
it is an overt announcement of what a 
student can expect from the course. It 
should not be seen as an apology, for it is a 
proclamation. Why keep this necessary 
information in the dark like a dirty secret? 
It is also not a limitation for an instructor 
to allow an alternate assignment to be 
accomplished rather than shoving illicit 
goods into an unwilling vessel. Educators 
should be focused on broadening and 
enriching the mind, not brutally invading 

Point Cont. from Page 13 

There are no guarantees that college classes are 
going to be pleasant, and they shouldn't always be 

It would be easier for professors just to 
give lectures and hold the bland, but politically 
correct, discussions. It would be easier for them 
not to offend students. How much do you think 
you would really learn if that were the case? If you 
think you would learn more than you are learning 
now, you are dead wrong. 

Scholarships Cont.. from Page 6 

received by one student for writing an essay about 
wearing Bugle Boy jeans. This contest was part of 
a promotion co-sponsored by Upton's department 
store and Bugle Boy. 

Holcombe gives a presentation, "Where to 
Look for College Dollars," at local high schools. 
There are enough unused funds, however, to 
indicate that many students still haven't gotten the 

23 The Powderhorn 

Hick Continued from Page 4 

and make you look like an ignorant ass. Respect 
it, hint at it, and you '11, have something rich in 
suggestion, something close to the truth. To brush 
against the mystery is all people need, want, or 
can handle. If that sounds naive or stupid, ask me 
again tomorrow, and I'll make up something 

That is all well and good. Great Hick Poet, 
but what about the reading, family and friends 
gathered in a close semi-circle, ears critically 
perked to your idea of the unknown? 

He rubs his face with his hands, like he's 
trying to uncover something. "I'm gonna write a 
whole new story to read 'em. Something 
Southern, something about the people I know and 
why I love them and hate them, why they always 
want something better but never seem to get it. I'd 
say there's a good bit of mystery in that." 

The Great Hick Poet unearths a black 
binder from a desk drawer and begins scribbling 
notes, "searching for epiphanies," no doubt. 

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Bring in your USCS ID card and receive a Cold 
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"Not Valid with any other discounts or coupons. 




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25 The Powderhorn 

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I'lic I'owderhoiii 26 

Responsive Reading 

The Powderhorn staff would like to know what you think of your campus magazine. Please complete 
this survey, and return it to our office, room 244 Hodge. Thanks. 

1. Did you enjoy the articles? If so, which ones? 

2. Did you hke the photos? If so, which ones? 

3. Was the magazine in a convenient place? If so, where? If not, where did you get it? 

4. What topics would you like to see covered in our Fall issue? 

5. Did you like the cover? Was it eye catching? 

6. Other comments? 


The Powderhorn 

Rifle Ridge Apartments 

400 Rifle Ridge Road 

Spartanburg, SC 29303 



Laurie Lee 
Director of Student Housing 

Experience campus living at its best at 
Rifle Ridge Apartments. Your new home 
away from home is designed exclusively for 
uses students. The apartments are located 
on the uses campus between the tennis 
courts and the baseball and soccer fields, 
and are just five minutes walking distance to 

The apartments are located in a land- 
scaped, wooded environment, with a clear 
running stream that flows through the 
property. The quiet country atmosphere 

makes it a pleasure to be able to walk to class. 

Convenience is an added plus. Some of the 
amenities you will enjoy include a swimming 
pool, volleyball and basketball courts, grill 
picnic areas, and a laundry facility. 

There is also the convenience of being close 
to all of the University's athletic facilities such 
as tennis courts, racquetball courts, an indoor 
basketball court, a soccer and baseball field, 
and a weight training center. 

We hope that you will make Rifle Ridge 
your new home away from home. 

800 square feet 

The Powderhorn 28 

RIFLE RIDGE apartments 

Laurie D. Lee 

Director of Student Housing 


Discover the "student appeal" of the Rifle 
Ridge Apartments, on-campus housing 
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Each apartment is smartly furnished- right 
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In case you're wondering how to spend 
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BY! Reserve your room today at The Rifle 
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Carpeting and mini-blinds 

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Fully equipped kitchen 

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Swimming pool 

Adjacent tennis courts 

Volleyball and basketball courts 

Ample parking 

Handicap units 

Laundry facilities