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Title: The Practical farmer, v. 86 

Place of Publication: Philadelphia 

Copyright Date: 1903 

Master Negative Storage Number: MNS# PSt SNPaAg067.2 







December 2G, 1*003. 

The Practical Ka 

Index to' Volume LXX 


The Practical Farmer 

From July i, 1903 to January i, 1904 





Alfalfa IS. 

Alfalfa lu Kuusas 

AnotluT view of the ques- 

Beans at harvesting time. 

bo vl^laut In care of..25S 
(.'milages, taking cure of it" 
(Vllar, <'old room In the..ll>l 
<.'ement floor In close build- 
lug, how to make a . . . . (ir> 
Chnnney flue, a busy .... .'185 
(.'isteru and tiller, how to 

build a 27:{ 

Cistern, mending crack In. 101 

City to farm, from VJ8!t 

City vs. farm 82, l'2»5 

Closet, an In-door earth.. 38.'» 
Clover, a long time experi- 
ence with .'im 

Clover, how to harvest seed 1 
Clover In the West. Im- 
portance of growing. . .14G 
Clover so as to Increase 

fertility, managing 81 

Clover, various methods of 

growing 102 

Colds, catarrh, etc liOtf 

Colds, you need not have. .401 

Corn, growing 402 

Cotton In >nssl8lppl .'{4 

Cow peas, experience with. 242 
Cow pea far the farm, the 
orcuard and the garden. 

the i:50, 140 

Cow peas In Maryland ...ll>4 
Cow peas, two years ex- 
perience with 178 

Cultivation, effects of In- 
tense 194 

Cultivation for corn and- 

potatoes. the depth of. .2J>7 
Dairy farm without cows, 

how to run a northern. .401 
Do you work because you 

"»uvjt <it. I>i>rniist> you 

love to V .185 

Drive more horses and 

make more 225 

Farm and make It pay, too, 

manage your own 22."» 

Farming In I'enna.. poor. .220 

Farming, Intensive .'lO 

Farm with little cultivat- 
ed land, management of 

u grass ;i7.'{ 

Farm, success on a run- 
down Kentucky .'Jori 

Fences and double gates. 

straight rail 

Fencing In Centrnl Md . . . . 
Fertilizers. succe>s with.. 
Fire. how to control 

draught of n grate l',"»7 

Floors. iMincrcte walls, as 

phalt and cenieiit IKJ 

Fruits iMul refrigeration. .21(1 
Oetting ai the reasons why 18 

(Jetting posted ■ '.{4 

OrasK report, a l>8, ;{34 

Tall meadow oatfl grass. ..'J70 
Tile draining, some bints 

about 353 

Tillage may be made to In- 
crease Available fertility. 12» 
Tillage will do. what good. 241 
Water supply, drinking . ..S22 
Weeds In new seeding. 

damage done by 145 

West, going 290 

Wheat on corn ground. 

.sosving 114 

Wheat knowledge from 

Canada 177 

Wheat. preparing corn 
stubblu for 1 





24, 40. 50. 72, 











40. 50 






, 88. 


2.'>. 41. 57. 73. 80. 
137. 153. 109. 185, 
233. 249. 20.'i. 281. 
329. 34.5. 301. 377. 




Mag holder 237 

Berry canes, for cutting. .413 
Buckwheat, self rake In. . .381 

(.'hlckea feeder 142 

Cliute. ariaiigement of u. 45 

Cistern, self-cleaning 205 

Clover seed, harvesting. . .237 

Corn harvester 142 

(.'oru marker 237 

Corn planter, a good 381 

Coulter, the rolling 285 

Cream separating cau ...205 
Cultivator for small 
Cultivator. ,liurrow 

Cultivator, hjy 

Cultivator. 5-tooth 

Singletree In orchard work. 

short 334 

Sled, the old pin 381 

Snow plow 334 

Stable, easy way to clean 14 
Stone boat. making a 

plank 205. 3.34 

Stone picker 173 

Stones, tools for getting 

out fleld 

Stove, success with oil. 

Stoves, about 

Subsurface packer . . . 
Tool, good garden .... 
Tools bright, keep your 
Tools for winter use . 
Tools, where are my.. 
Traj). good farm ..... 
Wagons, renewing old . . . 
Wagon thimbles, protection 

for .181 

Weeder. simple hand ....205 
Weeder. the best hand. . . .205 

Weeder 109, 173 

Weight ()f Implements and 

. 77 
. 45 
. 14 









farm 14 



hand. . 77 

. a 

Crass, subduing (puuk .. 97iForge, portable 
Crate, experience with the.241 Fruit evaporator 

<;ravel walks «nd drives 

clean, how to kt«>p 

Hay from second growth 


Hay In the biii'n curing. . 
Help problem, the hired..: 
Healthful lieiulug and ven 
Illation with stoves. . . 
Heultb hints. I, 17 3:;. 49. 
81. 97. 113, ll'O. 14 
177, 19.!. L'u'.i. •_'j.-,. I'.v.). .■;o,-,. 
:{;J7. 353. 401. 

Home. Improving the 101 

How mui'li we have to be 

thankful for .137 

linprovemeiiis, some mis- 
lakes and I .>rri>.tlons In. 101 
l.aml, how to bring up run 

down clayey l" 

Lead pljie "and tillers for 

cistern 3«M» 

l.enrn from others 34 

i.lma beans nnd manure. . 50 
.Mnnur<> In Vt^ when to 


Manure, management of 


Manure iihed and i<m>I 

house, const run lun of .289 
Manure spr«;a<l Ui Hie fall 

Is not wasted 05 

Mtinuie Htny In (he stable, 

liow long shall HI 

-Measure, give full ;io5 

Money Isn't everything . . . L'57 
Mortgage liisteaii of renting 0«i 
^•M% InsiHud of wheat. 

..sillier 114 

{'•■a bay in Middle Tenn..354 
j'hosphorlr n<ld. to linv..209 
rolash and how to biiv" it 2o9 
{|i>tato riilinre In South.. ;!07 
Ijlatoes second crop ....102 

jTalrle dogs 102 

CoiidH. good— why farmers 
1 should fovor government 
I co-operation ... '»."8 

■otatlon will help make 
il.ttsiern farming profit - 
Vlhle -{.j^ 

j;4'd. Importnnce of clean. .3ort 

J;llngles over old. new 113 

HIio. evolution of the 2 

ftatathing about tbr air.. 2 

iDlsk. the darkey and the.. 109 
194|I>oors any way. hang those 14 
194 [Doors open, fastening ...109 

130 I Dust board 109 

Fgg tester 142 

2.57 I Kxtravagance. apparent ..109 
Farm maihliiery, buying. 334 

Fence loom 45 

Fence, that liog and sheep. 237 
Feme, to stretch wire for 

iilcket 17.3 

Fodder cutter 45 



. 14 

. 285 

|(;arden r<iol. cheap 381 

77 (Jrain drills, a chat alMuit.142 

_ (Jrluding made easy 237 

• 97 Criiidstone. geared 109 

. 209 (iuards tight, keeping the. 45 
309 I Hand weecler lndlspensable.413 

'Harrows . . , •"" 

.321|JlHrrow. the Acme 

05. Harrow, the disk 
101. Hay raik. basket. . 

Hay slings 77 

Healer, the air tight 237 

Hoe. handy narrow ;i34 

Hoe. my old relluble horse.237 
Implenieni-* and implement 

users the adaptation of. 142 
Implements, points ou buy- 
ing 142 

Incubator 173 

Knife for cutting harness 

leather ,334 

Lantern, the ". .41.3 

Leather harness pliable, to 




Manure spreader, the 

Marker, adjustable . 

Maul, easily made . . 

.Mi-at chopper, the . . 
I .Milking si(H>l 

Mixing feed, box for 
, .Mower, the < bain . . 

' I'alnt. siibsiltiite for 

, Planet Jr and uitm liments.14 
'I'lanter. g<iod 2 horse... t 

Flow (Utter 

Flow. «llsk 45. 77, 

Flow hoe. the 

I'lows \\ 

I'low. winged shovel ..! ! 

I'olato planter 

<;ulltlng frame. Improved 

Kivets, I hose long 

I Itiiller and pulverizer.... 

Saw horse for one man. 

Seed coverer 

Seed drill and wheel hoe. 205 

Separator, a water 14 

Separator turned hard....205 

Shock compressor 77 

Shocki'r. the corn 41;! 

Shock fodder tie. anccess- 

ful 285 

Shocking home 3.34 

, Shop, a repair 43 

. 1 73 
. 237 

. 285 
. 2M5 






Wheel hoe 

Wire tightener ... 

Wood box 

Wood hauler, handy 
Wood. |)asslng of '. 
Work shop, u farm , 


Asparagus, growing 

Bean bulletin 

Bean growing In Wesn'rn 

New York 198 

Beans us second crop, 

green n 8 

Bean weevil, the 

Beets for proUt 118 

Celery "40 

Celery blight 198 

Celery for market 23o 

Celery, liome supply of . . .134 
Celery, new way of blanch- 
ing K(t 

Celery plants i.5u 

Celery plants and celery. 

growing 8«; 

Cora for seed, selecting. .278 
Cow peas and soy beans. 

harvesting 214 

Cucumber beetle «. 22 

Cut worm pest, the 

Dandelion as a money crop 54 
I'ence row. subduing .... 
Fertility, maintenance of.240 
Fish and tlsh waste, more 

about 202 

Fish and potash combine. 202 
(iarden. money In n 1-acre 70 
Crafting. etc.. supposed 

freaks of 400 

Hairy vetch for seed 278 

Hoe. a serviceable garden. 134 
Hotbed making, details of.;!l2 
Hotbed making, more abuut358 

Hotlx'd soil ,3.-,^ 

Kentucky garden. notes 

from a i.-,o 

Lace-wlng. the 54 

Lettuce house, %-acre... 22 

Lettuce, the 102 

Lettuce under gloss, soil 

and manure for 374 

Moles and mole traps. .. .2.30 

•Mole s are friends 134 

.Notes from a Carolina gar- 
den. 0. 22. ;!8. 54. 70. 118. 
198. 214. 2.30. 240. 202. 
310. 320. 342. 358. 374 

1 Oti, 





culture, the new. .310. 
culture in .New 


. .214 
. . . 54 


. . . IO«l 

... 1 34 
38. 70. 
5.S. .'!IM( 

. . . 278 

.Mexico, new , 

Onion patch, the wheel 

In the 

Onions, a hue start In 
Onions. excessive 

growth in 

I'lantlng. drv weather 
Foluts and pickings . 

102. 1.34. 1»!0. 2.30. 3 
F»>tatoes. n I'ugel S.i 

report on earlv 

I'olato blight niid rot .... 22 
I'otilto <ll.sense. a new . . . .294 
I'otatoes for money, earlv'80 
I'otato pointers from Cer- 

niany .174 

• ^lerles. a string of . ..' ' 102 
Khuburb at the South. 

growing 230 

Small fruits for inoner..."3M 

S.|UBsh growing for nii y 38 

Strawberries, early " (t 

Summer planting' .....'. ^374 
Sweet corn for seed .... 198 

.Sweet <'orn. good .-,4 

Talks on ilmelv topics. ■*•• 

38-. ,-,4. x(j. iirj. 1 IS ' \'\\ 

150. 1S2. I'ts. 214. 2:!<"t •'!!•>■ 

278. 2!M. 3I»». 3.-.O. 39(i. '4„ti 

lomaloes. ibinnlng 2."Hi 

Tomatoes, earlv 202. .■!42 

. 43. 



A day off 379 

All in u lifetime. 20. 42. 58. 

74. ito. Hii;. 122. 138. 155. 

108. 180. 202. 234 
Along the lines .... 
A mother's l»»ve . . 
Angels everywhere . 
Apple mission, an 
Anlllciul llowcrs of 


A trip to Old I'otnt 

fort and Fortress .Mou 

word In season 







■ ■arloi 
, 171. 

few . 


. 1.54 

. .30.3 

Bird, the universal 
Book table. 27. 122 

3(;3. 378, 39.5. 


Christmas drawer . 

Christmas gifts, a 

Club lines, aloni;. . 

College >:irls and the ballotloO 

Correspondence 1 1. 27. 43. 59. 

91. I07. 12;:. l.'!9. 155. 187. 

219. 2.15. 251. 207. 283, 299. 

::15. 379. 

Country scenes 302 

Fcoiioui.v on the farm.... 235 
Editorial chat. |o. .-,s 74. 90, 

138. 151. 218. 250. 282, 298. 

330, 3tC., 394. 4lo. 

Fvening games in kitchen. 379 

Fathers, a chat with . . . .298 

Flowers, nniong the. 11, 59. 

91. 155. 171, 235. 2.50. 299, 
31.5, 411. 
Frank .strong's victory ...282 
Fruit, u way to have nice. 42 
Fruits for health, pleasure 

and piotit loo 

tietirge Crey Barnard ....314 
Going buck to the Inuue- 

stead <)() 

(Jracious giving 340 

Hair, the \\ 

He taught as one having 

authority 107 

Hlnis aud helps in draw- 

, ,•"« 20.3 

Home Circle Improvement 

Society 27 

Home comforts 4.1 

liorso. the ;',;{y 

Housekeeplug.practlcul aud 

hygienic 200 

How slowly we lenrn 298 

How Sylvia helped lo 

How to i-eiuove Ink from 

mahogany 203 

Igiioiance. Inexcusable . . .411 

Iiiculmtor clihks 1,30 

Kitchen. In the. 20. 42. .5!». 91. 

loii. it;!». 2112. 218. 235, 28.3. 

314. :!79. 411. 

Labor nuestlon. the 347 

Laundry work Km! 

Little things that count In . 

Hie ;!!»4 

Look for sunshine loo 

Medical bints. .. 107. 2:!5. ;{(52 

[Bulbs, plant 215 

27k'ar window Impressions.. 70 

- 'Cherlnioyu. the 119 

Cherries. BIgarreou .'{9 

Cherry, the wild black ...199 

Chestnuts, sweet 55 

Chrysunihemums. hardv .327 
<"lematl8 punlculatu .....231 

Dogwood, the pink 231 

lUicalypius tree 22 

Kvergreens In winter. i)ro- 

tectlng . .' ;!<»(» 

Flg.s In winter, protect lng.295 

Filberts 3.-,<» 

Flowers, covering hurdy ..4o7 
Forest trees, t hfijnliig 'out.310 
Gooseberries and currants. 

ircatnieut of 279 

Horse chestnut for shade. 231 
llorilcultural notes, 7 2.1, .lO. 

55. 71. 87. 103. 119. 151. 

183. 199, 215, 231. 247. 20.t, 

279. 29.5. 311. .127. 34.3, .•!.59 

375. 391. 407. 
Huckleberries, transplant - 

Ing .{43 

Insect and fungus nests.. 134 
Ivy for giaves. Knglisb . . .295 
Layering trees and shrubs 71 

Locust for timber 278 

Mistletoe, nropugullng . . .407 
Mulcnliig trull irecs ......!75 

Oleaster 7 

Orchard trees, cultivaiing 87 
I'asslon Ilower. hardy ... 1.1.-, 

I'each trees, planting 4o7 

I'eaches. po))ular 55 

Peaches, the situation for. 247 
Pears and their cultlvailon183 
llasriberrles. autumn frult- 

Ini' «( 

Raspberry canes, covering. 20.3 
Uuspberrv plants, coverlng359 
Itose. crimson rambler... 71 

Uose of Sharon 215 

Uose lu winter, protectlag.27b 
Boot pruning fruit trees.. 390 
San Jose scale on shruba. .151 
Seeds, saving tree ab^ 









. . 2<!7 

. .21'.» 

. . 20 





Tomatoes, soil and 
for forcing .... 
Trucking In N. c. 
Truck, the hand . . . 
Vegetables for home 
Vine enemies 

Weeding In shade 

nood ashes for ' 





. . . .2.30 

use. 1S2 


Mental nnd civil 1 

the ha I'bi litter of . . 
Mourning, tin wearing 
Mrs. Allc-n's decision ... 
My summer fores* temple 



Our shut-ins 

Parlor, the 

Pel bnoH if you knew. . . 


Plants, useful . . 

I'luiiis. raising Damson. , 
Poison Ivv reriKMlv . . . talk, a .'.... 


Pri/e olTer 10 

Itc-ading club. |!av View. 

.Sulibalh reading ' 

Sciieine. .lliiiiiiy's great ,. 

Srhool. going io 

Shut Ins. our ...187. 251. .3 
Silk roiun. lu the . 

Sleefi. while we . . . 
Small fruit irrowlng 
Some Hiiclent count 
Some pnictlcal bints 
Som.tbliig about 


Stray notes from • 


Siiiunier hygiene . . . 
The lllciuislstencles 

Some pi'o(ile 

'I'lie old fashioned mother. 218 

Test, ibe things lliat 411 

Turkey iiilsiiu' .... 91 

I'nder i-xlstlng circui'n'- 

siaUc-es i;-,4 

Washing made easy ' '.. . . 251 
NNb.'it -hall our women c|o..315 
Will. Is liiv lieiglibcM' I.-.4 

fi'iilt ^247 

Strawberry runners 39 

Swee* briar, the 1(»3 

Tree enemies 118 

Trees, examine orchard. .. 188 

Trees for shelter 203 

Trees, good shaped 22 

Trees In early autumn. 

planting d;7 

Trees, taking care of 55 


Accounts, farm 382 

Alfalfa 254 

.\pples and potatoes, ki-ep- 

Ing 254 

Apples for spring 158 

Apples, growing good .... 94 

Apples, use all the ;{(t2 

Ap|)|es. using the wluc|fall.2.54 
-Vrtlchokes. those hogs ale. 382 
Pabys cloak, cleaning . . . ;«o 

linrn. c-lrcular 222 

I tarn rc»om. Importance of.:!98 
Beans, to keep weevils out 

of seed .11 .S 

Beefsteak, keeping 39m 

Birds, destruction of <i2 

Jtorax. use of 120 

Boy on the farm, ifie ....254 

Bread, use for dry |.".,s 

Breakfast, cooking 158 

.,.,, Mreecling stock, defective. ..3o2 

2»i7 I Mrldge. a good foot 158 

">(; Burns, remedy fen 3t',ii 

Cabbage worms 35o 

Calves, feeding .■tS2 

• 'tinned grapes, good ....120 

Canning apples 1 iii 

Canning e.\perience. a fruit 1 20 
Canning fruit 120 

37)» < 



I (1» ' ....iii.ih 11 toi .... 

;•{,, ('aiming hints . . . 
i'vk; ('ann't;.' sweet corn 
..,;i{!Cannliig tomatoes 
J;m|Caiauiei c like tilling 



'."lU •'"''I"'' rags, sewing 
Chair, substitute for 
Chicken cholera conside 

''!ilc-ken feeding 

Chicken, fond of fried 
Chi • 

_ ^ Collars, tit the 

Why they failed ........ rirti'"'"'!"^- clean . . . 

Uciiii.iu ill the hcune. one.;!14 *""•■" bread, bow 

WoMiaii stitTiage .1117 '""— ■ •>—••■•- 

\\ oiiian vote till' 219 girl's iieeily and aV-" 

coiiiplisbnieni-:. a 347 

Viuifh's i.!irll:iiuent. 11. 43. 5!l 

75. 12.'!. 1.5.5, 203, 219 235 

.315 W.W. 

band. 150 


.Ai)pi.» crot) In F'enua 
BlackUvriies. wild 

. 1 07 

. . 398 
. . 94 
. . 94 

. .:il8 
. ..302 

. .318 
. .382 

- . . .200 

_ - ks. feeding !»4. 2iu> 

Chicks ill l)roo(L'rs. riilslng382 
Cnlcks. run for small .... .'{o 

Choking, to prevent 254 










- make.. {18 

Corn, drying 

Corn, growing 

Corn, saving seed 

Corn, thinning 

Cottcui farming 

Cotton, to clean 

Crops, experience with.. 

Dlic hes 

Ducks, picking 

Kggs, feeding for winter 

Kggs In winter 

Eggf, poached 

KIghtv acres with debt, or 

40 without 206 

FxpoMue aud 111 health.. 302 
F a r ru e r s. observations 

umong fellow 254 

Farm, liupiovlug the ....398 
Farm, slick up ou the ... 82 

rences. too many 12(J 

Fences, to preserve rail. . .222 

Fires, luittlug out 254 

Flower beds, protection for3.50 
Flowers for cemetery use.3U0 

Fly pui»er. sticky 158 

<Japfs 94. 302 

Garden plat, change the.. .350 

Garden hints 158 

Gl/zard aud siomach .....302 
Grain llelds. hurrowing. . .200 
Grain sacks, stumping ...302 

Grit for poultry 350 

(iuessing too much 110 

Hams, new way of keeping. 120 
Hands smooth, lo keep the200 
Hay. salting ,102 




Health, t'oi 

Hedge on thin land 

Helpfulness or fault Hnd- 


Help, mistake In hiring. . . 
Hens and caring for chicks. 

setting 02 

Hog and fodder house. . . . 1 lo 
Hog pens, convenient . . . .359 
lliuiey. time to take off. . .3.59 

Household helps 12« 

Housewives, hints for . . .222 

Ice. no 350 

Incubator doors, the 30 

Ironing, to save time when 120 
Lagrlpiie." prevention of. . .254 
Lamp burners, to clean... 20»J 
Lamn thimneys breaking.. 02 

.Mucarcuii lo'J 

Manure your good land.!! 120 
Melon growing, mistake ia 02 

Melons. 12 acrea of 02 

Melona, sunflowers and 

pea" .if.o 

Muk pans or er(K*ks, to 

label so 

MIll«t with potatoes. .... .act» 

Mill feed, adulterated. ... 12< 

Money, earning 

Moths, to prevent 

Mciuth wash 

Outs, failure of .\ 

Onions, culture of potato 
Onion sets from seed.. 

Oven, drying 

Pansy. Maule's phenomenalliO 

Parsnl|)s .njts 

Peach trees, mistake with 

Peanuts, grouiiig 

I'.-as, corn unci c-ottou... 

Pens wltii corn 

Pigs unci potatoes 

Pigs, summer 

Plants too near Are, set. 
Plaster, to till cracks In. 

Plowing 1)0. 

Postage, using 

Potato beetle, the 

Potatc» bug.s, getting rid 

. <'f 94. 20« 

Potatoes, fine . . 
Potatoes, how to 
Potatoes, mistake 
llbnbarh. fallflre 

ICock fern 

Kooflng. laying felt 
Kye and [teas 


. 302 
. 02 
. 382 

. 39K 
. M 
. 30 
. M 


plani . .11(1 
with tlneins 

with 7M2 

* 1M 


Saves the PracUcal larni 

<"«• entire sdH 

Sc-rap Nsjk ... 3tf»{ 

Settflng with the mercbantlM 
sheep, keeping old ... '^ 
Sheep. «-.tretches In . . . S' 

Soil. i,n red cIs' 

Soot ii-om cairiet.s. ctauii 
Sparrows, oust tie- . . ' 
Stains, to reraov!' 
Stcjck, care in luj. 
Stuck to legal tenUt 


Stores. roiiotiT- 

Straw, setllng ...... 

strlpi^d bug. Milling ihe!' 

Stiinp Miilllng , 

Succeeding with SlU-lll 

. 203 

1 how chow 

Clothes. reiuuvlug 



Clover bloat, cured 
Coal tar, usi>s for 
• 'ollc In horses . . . 





. .2<»0 

.. 30 

. .300 

. . 254 

. . 94 

, . 254 

. .382 

. 200 

. 254 



Sue', uses of . 

Swales, plowing 

Sweet corn, our 

Sweet potatoes, bedding. . 

'I'abiti rugs 

Things worth knowing' ! ! \ 
Times have changed ....*. 
'Tcjbacici as ii monev crop 
Tomato plants, how I 

saxed my 

Trees, bracing forke<J . '. . 

Trees, oil 

Trees, plant shade 

TlecM. setting Kood sbed. 
'Tiimlilers. washlnif . . 
'Turkeys, raising . . . 
'Turks, ilrsi r perleuc 
Turnips and kale . 
Vices on the fanii. 
\X'alst. to set trim- 
^^'llsh. easy wa<' 
Watering troll).' 
M'ec-vlls killln 
Wheat on pea 
Wood again. 
Wood b<ii . . 
Work as we'' 










ii lit'st III III!' 
^ West Id l.l 

TTover run iw« yt'urs or 
only out'V Will it liii- 
I»r«)V<' lln' soil iniii-f In 
two yt'tirs tliiin In oni'V. 
Comnifi't'lul I'criilly.t-rs, <'iiii 
I'iiruilnu In- siicccssriilly 
liuiif In tli*> SdiiiIi •wllli- 

oui the IIS*- of 7tJ 

ClifrrU's llavf you niiult' 
clnM-rifS pay us an or- 
churd crop I'ot- niurkct V 
ir so. Iiow. anil wliai 
valid it's art' Ix'st I'or 

shipping V UOS 

C'ouiiiifri'ial I'fi'l iliztTS 
llavf you round t'oiniiit-r- 
I'ial ffriili/i-rs proliialilf 
in Ki'<'win^i'U>'Uiiibfrs ami 
iiifionsV Thai is, ran 
you (,'rt)\v I lit'in prolil- 
aljly without any siat)lf 
or harnyai'tl manure'.'. . .;{48 
Cui'Uinht'r piiklcs — - Will 
lliH lailit's It'll ht>w tlit-y 
iiianaKt' fuciiinbt-r pick-, 

k's, swt'i'l or soiirV lOS 

Cultivators- What form of 
llliorse t'ullivalt>r ilo you 
pi't-fcr. Willi lon^ut' or 
without V With disk or 

hoeV 188 

Farm laixl I>t> yon lin<l it 
hfst It) havf yoiiiiK whllt* ' 
luen in your family, t)r i 
murrlt'il ui«>ii In tenant 

houses ■/ 1120 

Tarm yards- .Many farm 
yards and prt-inlses art- 
seas of luiitl In winter. 
Have yt)u nia<le any ef- 
fort to prevent this at 
your place, anil how V . . ;!8tl 
Fertilizer Have you trietl 
fo-operatlve hiiyliiK <>f 
fertilizer materials ami 
farm supiilles. and with 

wiiat success? .•!(«» 

CJeese and I'ekin ducks, 
ffive your e.\perlence In 

ilie raising of ."{iMi 

Grass — Have you hail any 
exi)erience with hromus 
Inermls or smooth brume 
grass, witli the hairy 
Vetch or crimson i ioverVl.'iU 
Has The Tract leal l''armei- 
made any dtdiurs for you 

fes dependent on fo? 


•Ks for winter, kta-p- 

'"K KCt 

■kks, fresh laid 2«i.{ 

Eggs, gathering i u» 

pjggs. guaiant(>ed, fresh. . i;{."» 

Ogg.s, how to tell age of..l.-.l 

^Oggs In winter, ke"|>lng. . . 247 

Kggs, money In handling. . :.'(!.•{ 

i:ggs. <iuality of 

I'all liati lies 

(j/KiI'Ved troughs. i)oultrv ... 
Crain, feeding new "..... 

|<;reen hone, feeding 

; lien house iiolnts. some. . 

: lien mite piohlein. the . . 

liens and the gurtlen .... 

House for .",(» fowls 

l.angshuns. managing 
I. ice e.xterminaloi's 
pi>ultry foods .... 
Kite, gasoline for . . . 

l-ite, hen 

I. Ice. lime for 

IJtiseed meal foi 
Mules, selecllon of 

.Males, (he 

-Moiiitlng. forced 
.Nitrogenous jtoiiltrv fotii|s.;!!»l 

Tastiire, winter . .' iu7 

Ten lies, coininoti .seitMe ... 7 



De^ber 26, 1903. 

II. )T! 

fig up a . . 
.ig roi>fs to. 

Ft tie 

"caring for . 

poiili r.v . 

. >>'< 
.1 ;'..-> 


'.'.'. iT'.'t 

. . ..i'.M 
. . .4(17 
. . ..{11 
. . .407 
. . . II!) 
. . . I :• I 
2!t.-. ' 




. 2r>i» 







227, .'{71 





I .-. 1 

I .M 

2.".!». 274 

2.'.S. .•{,•{8 


ligeons. feed for :','.\ 

I'lgeoii loft, the ,•!<» 

Tly mouth Kocks, improv- 

ii'K ll!l 

Poles, suiooth t)r rough .. .;{<)1 
Toiiltry house anti green- 
house comblneil 11<» 

Pointed paragraphs, 7. 2;{. ."{'.t. 
".. 87, 10.;. I. ■{.-,. 1(17, i!)!(. 

2;!1. 2(i;{, 
Poultry as 
Poultry for 


Poult ry houses 
Poultry house 

anil fields . . 
Poultry houses. 

rangeiiient of 
Poul.iy hoiisi 

2'.l."., nr.',, :!.-.!(. 
Insect eaters. . 71 
the fairs, pre- 






Kale, growing .... 

l.aiiil, Improving. 10, 

l.aiifl. rt'iiiiug 

Lands. \a 

l.aiigshan. the .... 

I.uwii ill Coltirailo. . 

I.ciiioii 1 rct's 

I. el I lice roi ... . 
Mine :!' 

I. line, sulphur 
iiiixl lire .... 


|. Manuring laiitl 
I .Meadows .... 
I .Meadows ami 

I Ing 

j.Meltins and ciiciimhers. 

iiiililt'w on . . . 
' .\l.ishrooiti siiieint 

.N'liiser.v tpiery 

Nut grass . ." 

'(»:ils. .Ntirl hfi'ii seed .... 

< Miloiis. spring 

<>nit»iis. w Inleiiiig 

< (sage oranges 24;!, 

Pasiiire and peat lies In Pa 
Pasture, (it;, .s;; <>\) i;!i 


Peaiii borers 

Pear blight " ' ' 

Peas ami fruits, 



Phosphales, soliibl* 


Phosphate rock and 

spar, (lissohiiig . . 
atitl. Iliui 

, (iCi 


[corn, saving seed ....40, 12.''> 
(Corn Hheller, HurpriHe . . . .,*Ja."» 
Corn Khoiks. for tying . . . 174 


Corn sled, one-man .I')? 

Corn stalks, horse for t nt- 

tlng ;{4{) 

Cough, sure cure for had.i: 
Cows, curing self sinking 
<'rop8 In one season, four 

Cucumbers, sliced 

CuiiainH. to mend large. 

Cut worms 

IMarv of farm work, keep- 

, l.-)7 

, 2;{8 


. .•|8(; 

. (m 
. 118 
. 118 
. 82 

ing a .■.1,'".7 

Dogs, for egg eating 12r. 

Homesiic hiiii.s 4(j, o(ju 

l»ralnage t\\ 

Dusting 1 loth, wool »Ji 

Kgg yleltl. increasing the. 40 
Feeding rack, sliu'de . . . . ,'{<(7 
Keel, for frost bit ten .... ;{«}.'. 

I'eiiiiizer sacks 4(j 

I'lles. to sharpen old ....;{17 
I'llfs, home-made trap for. 174 
Kloors, for tilling cracks iu;{»j.1 

Scythe nharp, keep the. ..'517 
Meeds, ornamental trlties 

from ,;i7 

Sewing hints 174, 

Shoes, buying 

SlioeH for women, buying. 
Hiioe HtringH, use fur .... 

Silo, short lut for 

Sllpoer.v elm cure 

Slops In kitchen, disposal 








. . .:!11. :{7r. I'liosphori. 
orchard | 1 lover . . . 

21. 5 Pip. lilt' 

Interior ur- 1 liantaln. tall . , 
business .:127 Plants for namt 

plan i>f. 




I'oiiltry In hot weather, 
packing iced 

i'oiiltry in Va.. raising. .7. 

i'tuiltry keeping pay. does. 

Poiiltrv inaniire and what 
to do with it 

I'otiltiy. markeling 

Pt>iiltry raising, favoralile 
location ft>r .-,.-, 

itoiip and its treatment .. .2.; 1 

Scaly legs ](»;{ 

Seasonable suggestions 2:1, ."lit 
' x7, i(>;{. ii<). 1::.-. ir.t. Ls:;! 

100. 21.-1, 2:{1. 247. 20:! 

, 20.-. ;ni. :;.-.o. .•57.-., .'loi 

Trough, feetllng 

'riirkey thicks, raising ... .'">.-( 
Turkey raising, points in..'{4;{ 

of.27'.t j Plt>wing arier i..ilon 
00 lit) wing siei'p land . 

iiiim i|iierv 
I'liims falling . . . . 
Potato house . . . . 
Potatoes, fertilizer 
Poultry tpiesilons 

i:;.-. giiince 

.';o Kadlsh 

tree ipiery. 



Iteil I lay si>li of 
Khiibarb. ants 
leiiiiliarb In tin 






• and In- 





.... ;!2;{ 






. i(»;{| 

. 274 
. 274 
.21.-. I 
.247 i 


I'Mtiur handy, keeping . 
I'Moiir sacks, to utilize 
Flowers, how It) drv . 
I'ly pest, lighting the. . 
I'mll gatherer, handy 
Fruit htiiise whhoiil ice 

l'"ruit .jars, glass 

(Jate. short cut 

Uiiaiie juice a short 

j to heallli 

i (Jrasshoppers. cont rollng. 

j (jrlndstone, bicycle 

I wrlndstone, care of ..221, 

(Jrlt and bone crusher .. 

(Jrll block, handy 

(iiillles, stopping 

ilardles, home-madi> .... 

Hay on fork to curry . . . 

iieel protector ". . . . , 

Hen miles, lire for 

Hints, handy 

Hog. to lead a 

Hog trough, convenient.. 

Horse, cure for mange on 

Home and farm hints . . . 

. . .l.V, 
... 1 2.". 
. . . 200 

. . . ;;;{.-. 
. . . 2r.:{ 

. . ..{01 

. . . ;{.•{.'". 
. . . 01 





. 1 .-.7 

. 18<> 

. Xi-) 

. o;{ 
. 1 2.-. 
. :{0.-. 

. 2.-.:{ 
. 40 
. 20 


. 2.''.:{ 

and dlb- 

' old .' ." .' ; 





I. -.7 



and sirawi)er- 


the South. 114 

on 1(;7 

South. ... 170 



12.".. 221 








IJlii' K^l•\^il|){ 

Kose mildew 

Uotation Y4'7 

Kola Hon for stock farm 

'i"exas. . .'.ut'i 





. .-{04 

in 1!)():;? ■. . .412, 

Hedges — What Is your ex- Alfalfa. ."{, 18. 10. »;<». K2 !)0 

peril ,i<e with hedges for I 1(«2. 17!), 2.-.!). 
the farm anil ornainentul |Alslk«' and red clover... 
"vergreen hedges for the | .^ .N. Y. mans experlenct 

lawn? 140 Apple orchard 87 

Hogs— IIow do you feed jAptde pomace for feed... 

ytiur hogs, wiiat breed Ashes 

do you prefer, and liow Hean growing 

do you slaughter and Iteans. Knglisii '. 

cure the meat for lioine lleans. Held of 

use? .'{.t2; lieans. rusted '. 

Ice bouse — Have you trietl I Bee tree, ownership of.. 

Iteggar weed 


Itran ami corn 

' value of 

j Mreed. best 

iHriisli. killing 

Huckwheal 18. 

Itiitlding iiliims 


Hulletlns. .\. <• 

Cabbages [ / 

caponlxliig ipieries .... 

Ciiery ipieries 

Celery, watering 

Cement doors 

Chickens dying 

ciiufas ft.r hogs 

Cions und cuttings. 

Clover. 10. (JC. 1 1.-,, 102 
178. 21.-.. ;{.-..-,. 
.'lie Corduroy roads 

Cotton, red spider on . . 

Cover crop in Oregon 


an Ice house with cold 
storage room'.' if .so. 
tell how .vou built It . 
Laud — If a man has a 
farm palil for anil lanil 
is cheap around him. 
sbouiti he buy more land 
or invest his savings In 
the further ImproveineDt 

of what he has '; 

Manure- On what irop 
do«^ the farm yard ma- 
nure pay you best, and 
how do you manage 

, If.' 12. 

Meadow— In estalilishing a 
tim'ithy meailow Is a 
nur.<e crop iM-tier than 
Kowl-ig alone, ami have 
'^ vou hail success in kow- 
Ing timothy in spring 
Oats- -When oatsaregrown 
.simply . for feeding t.n 
th»' farm, is It better to 
thresh '.r feed in Hie 

slieaf V 172 

rotatoes- Have yon trleii 
any of the new Irish po- 
tatoes, wliicii h.ive been 
introduced? if .so. give 
rorr experience with 
em as to yield, earli- 

t<s and tpiallty 2.10 

*le dogs how hnve 
H4;i-eeded In ex- 


I. 24;:. 

. :{.-..'. 



. 10 

. .•{.■.8 
. 242 





. 1 0.-! 


. . ."{27 

, .10:! 

, . !)!( 

. 278 
. .•{:{8 


. .:{X7 
. 1!).-. 



Kolip ;{ 

Kye. crimson tlover and 

grass In W. Va 1 1.- 

Sassafras sprouts, killing •'••7 
Sawdust again .... i~».s 

><<ale ■;.'{4;{ 

Shreiltletl wheat waste ;!!(l 

Shredding and baling 

stover 'ltd 

•:''"„ '.■.■.'. Tti.-t 

Small grain In Texas .-{ 

Soil. Improving ihe texture I 

j House t leaning hints 
lloiisehttltl economies 

I Iloiiseht.ltl hints 

I Iioiistiiold repairs 

cut for 

IHousehtdtl short cuts.!.! 
tliiisklng pin. a good .... 

I Ice box. 1 hea|> 

Ink and money, save . . . 


Kerosene, uses of .....' .' .' 
Knife handle, mending. . 
Knt.tfy prt.blems, various 
Lamp chlmuies In 


Ladder, handv .... 
Land* Infestetl with 

grass, harrowing 
Lard vessel.s. how I . 
Lawn, how to secure a 

Lawn, raking 

Leaking vessels 

I. ice, to banish 

Lifting rigging, handy ... „., 
Lines under wagon tongue. 221 
Liniment, j.t.or man's ....;{t)l 
.Maciilne seal in hoi weath 







Sows, lime water for breed 


Spacer, marker 
liers, combined 
Stacking device . 
Sti>ckings, use for 

Stove polish 

Sulphur In poultry 


Supper for short cut, cold 
Table, iiandy klti hen . . . 

Tinware mending 

'I'ire tightener, t heap . . . 

'I'ooth powd«r 

Trat Ing paper, to make . . 
'J'reble cfops in family 


Trees, growing shade 

'i'rough, poultry 

Turnip kraut 

Turnips, marketing , 
Vinegar for money . . 

Vinegar pie 

Wagon, hitching .'{ horses 

to a isj) 

Wagon jack .', ',2:iH 

Wagon wheels, how we 

save 'JHH 

Waist hanger .!.!.*{ 17 

Wall jiaper, cleaning ....'. 20 

Wash day, for 2!) 

Wash, easy way to. . . 1 .".7, ."l."?.". 
Washing and Ironing, hot 

weather hints for 01 

Washing redpe 20 

Washing soap 2("(}» 

Water fountain, cleaning. 12.-. 
Water bi.ttles. carrying. . . 40 
Water pipe or sewer, t lean- 
ing o;.k, 

Wheat, plowing for 200 

I. ".7 




Abscesses, throat . . 

Afterbirth, retained 




Hack, weak 


IJlInd staggers 


Pony exostoses 

Ureal hing. Impaired 

Mreed, falls lo 

itroken wliitl 

( 'alloiis 

Cupped hock . 

Cupped knee 





Chioiilc laryngitis . '. 

Colic . 

Vonsiipaijt.n. c hronlc 
Ct>ugli, M.-,. 1(11. 1:;.;. 
.■{(»!). .';2.-). 

< 'ow pox 

Cow. sick 

Cow, death of .....'.' 

Cow, Injiiretl 

Cow, lame 

Cow, self Slicking . . . 

Cow. sick 

Cream, st realty . . . . . 

. .21 







('rlbl)lng and wind s'u'c'king.'i'j.H 

Window screens 
Wire. how to 


Wire stretiher. a 
Wire, stretching 
Yeast, short cut . 

. . . 2.-..'{ 
Rt retell 


good . . .221 
barbed. . 2.->."{ 



ilean. 01 




of (hi 

Si|iiasli vines. 

.*<Iock beets . 

• »•> 

diseased . . 


. .87,' 'io:i,' 
-'7. .•{1)7. .•57.-.. 

.street swf>epings 


Sunilrv ipierles. .147, :ii{i 

Sweet polutoes 

•Sweet potatoes for seed. 
, keeping .•[.•{S 

Sweet potato vines. sit(rlng''4:{ 
■j'lmodiy falleil. when ....!)S 
'"oniato rot antI bt.ll worms 10 


. 1!)8 

. :i22 


Turkeys, ailing . . . 

Walnuts, hulling 

W'alniii tree, saving 

Weetls. killing 

Weevils on t berry trees 

Wool was(e 


. ..•{. 147. 

. 240 





(id ton troubles in 
Cow peas. . .(J7, oj 

( t.w (|uery 1 iM 

Crimson tlover. ;{, 18. HH, 08 

10.-.. 227. 2.->8. 
Crops in .Miss., some gootl. :(.-..-, 
CiiciimlK'rs, trouble with... 07 
Currants, propagating red 2;{ 

Dewberries 71, i:{.-.. l.'.l 

»isinfectant for poultry 

Ai.ple butter .149' 

.\pple butter stirrer. ...! !200 
.Vpliles fresh, (o keep . . . ..1(!,-. 
Apples. portable sorting 

table for 340 

Merries, washing ........ n\ 

Mjniler. lixlng uii old ...180 
itlniler sections. recutiing.2.-.;{ 

Pedis. Ifiiiftly for .TillT, 

ISonnets. short cm for Hilflr2:!8 
Moots ami shot's from 
shrinking, to keep ... . <(.•{ 

p"t 20. (il 

Moy s tiveralls ;{(j.-, 

Mreail and biscuit, iitlilxing 


•>est . . 

» your ex- 
he gro^'ing 

crop to fol- 

ut In Sept., 

.you foiintj 

. 2it: 


and other 


a slope 

little i'a.' .' '. 
in Ark .... 
in Central 







. ;{(! 

10. .^2. 
M. i'i<». 

Ik. 2-.(;, 
.'!.-. 1, 

I !)2, 



04. .SO 
272, ; 






ImjiI. new .' 

Int' mill, green 

Inf. more about green.. 

teeils and colors 

|eils. pure 2.'i. 

ItiliTS. out dot.r 

breeds for 

1 '28. 


linking i:,i 


ters in 
I (raining 
Ducks . 
Farm, a 

Pa. ... 

Farming in H. K. Mo 

I'armlng In Va. mountains 

l-'armlng. West Va 

Feeding tpiery . 

Feeds, patented '.[ 

I'ence. garden 

Fertilizers. (i7. K\. 147 
^ -2.-.!). .•{.-.S. ;!71. ;!H(5. .T.M) 
Fertilizers and manure. . .4<):{ ciierri 

•re blight .... o;{ Thicken 

Ilea Ix'etles nnil cabbage 

worms, blat k pepper for.2!)4 

Fungus attack i»;7 

hardening in Ark 274 

(!ns tar on trees ;!i|| 

Clnseng prospects !!214 

(Joal pasture, femlng n.!.'{;{8 


. 2.1.1 
. 01 
. 180 
. 1 2.-. 


pieci>s of ... 

ISreatI In stove oven, rais- 

18 Mi-fud making 

1.-() Mriish for whitewashing . 
Calf barn, hamly gate in 
( a If (o ilrlnk. to teuth n 

Campboraietl oil 

Can corn and beans, to. .200 

CaiVfrult. how to 2!) 

Canning beans ! !l74 

Canning rliiiliarb .\'jr, 

Canning tomaioes ..,12.'.. 174 
Can tops, porcelain ....'. (;i 

Calth'. lying i_>.-, 

Cheat ami cockle from wed 

wheat, to remove :t(H 

Cheese boxes, use for «»;{ 

sorting ,'12.- 

coop j»;[ 

Chit ken raising. short 

work in J. -,7 

Chlltlren lonlenled, niak«> • 

Hie .•{4.> 

cistern regulator .... •».-,•! 

Cistern, repairing cruckei'l .'.icr. 

er. covering ,^oi 

Milk, ct>ollng ;{.i.> 

Milk skimmer 12.'". 

.Milk strainer, care of. . . . !200 

.Mouse trap ^21 

Mow r. fixing . .' Twi 

Miitllage, cold boiled po- 
tato '221 

.Nail l)t.x. handy . .''ii:^ 

(►11 can holder 40 

(-)rnainent from seed 

preity trifles for 

Oven, how to manage the, 
Paint brushes and putty 

care of 

Papering, hints <m. . . . . . . 

Ciperliig white washed 

walls 12.-, 

Paratline. use of . . . '. . .' .';{("J"i 
I'asie. general purpose .!!;{(;.-. 

Picture frame 221 'KiH 

Pigs. iiandy device ftu' 

feeding x\r, 

Plant cover ;{;{.-, 

Posts in dry weather, driv- 
ing {».•{. .•{;{,f, 

Posts, pulling .i4t» 

Potatoes at the South, sec- 
ond crop 'JW 

Potatoes, second crop lrls|)i:r.;{ 
Potato scraither. handv .. ;<0.'. 
Poultry house. diM.r iiseil inl2.'> 
Poultry, short cut in dress- 
ing ]H;, 

I 'III ley. to make a .•{-roite '»s» 
I'limpkins. preserving .....ire 

Itat |Milst>n. a goiKl «»;{ 

Hats to t lea r I. remises 0^12.". 

Midler, light draft !»;j 

Kt)oni arrangement. handy:{!)7 
Uoost, swinging hen ... 4(| 
Moost without miles, hen ."loi 

Salt needed 

Saw horse, handr . .'.' 
Scale, convenient' Rmall 
Scoop for oat bin . . . 


Alfalfa hay. feeding ;!0 

Angora a benefactor, tlie.i:{2 
Meef cattle, a standard for.;{4() 

Mrewers' grain ^^ji^ 

Mutter making, Canailltin' 

home ;4 1 

Mutter making on the aver- 
age farm .170 

Calves, corn for ....i;{2, 220 

Calves, raising .-.2'. 202 

Cattle breeding, a problem 

In 27,5 

Cattle, feeding silage to 

, I'PJ'f l.'{2. 148 

tattle, management of I)eef228 

Cheeae making 20O 

Corn concentrated feeds 

value of 200 

Corn gives good results, 

soft .«?o 

Cow. caring for the dairy. :{88 
Cow. home grown rations 

for tlie dairy 4 

tow pastures, helping out 20 
Cow pea hay. feeding. .. ..^{41 
Cows and pigs, keeping... 40 

Cow stanchions 2(>1 

l»alry herd, developing a.;{((8 

I)alrv experiments .'[o.H 

Feeding barn for cattle, a 

eheap (144 

(joat industry, the 244 

(Jo West, young man".. 08 



. .•!•; 


. .00, 

. .340 
. 01 

. 2;{8 

(irazlng. Iniprovlng piM.r 

land through ;to 

Heifer, the care of young. 180 
Hog barn, a convenient .. .244 

Hog tpiery -.{HU 

Hog rarsing In the South.. •{.'.(! 
nogs, grazing croi.s for, lots, 

.Milk farm, running a ....,V>0 
Protein on the farm, gr«>w 

your own no 

Itatlon. balanced 202 

Kation for fattening cattle;{80 
Ser.arator, utility of the 

^.Ja'-n) IC.4 

Sheep and lambs, money In 181 
Sheep in Western Oregon. 104 

Sheep raising 1,14 

Silage crops, growing KK) 

Silage, harvesting and pre- 

Silo building a .' 

Some of mv experience 
Sorghum fodder .... 

Soy b«>ans -,2 

Stanchions, how to build 
common and swinging . l!»;{ 

«wlne ,[„ 

swine breeding, some fac- 

„, V""" '" •**'<l. -t'- 

I uberciiloRis ]i(7 

. 84 
. 20 


Deafness '.".'.- '.".'. 

Dummy, a . , 

Kar canker ..', 

Frythenia .'. 

I'czemii '. .". 

Farcy . . , 

I'arrowing troubles ... 


Fistula of milk duct. . .'.'. 


Foals. wt>ak ........'.' 

Fungoid growth " 

'Jnrget 14!). 21;!. 24.'j 


(Soil re 


(i reuse heel 

liigh flanker ".'.■. 

Hock, enlargetl 

Horses, feetling peas to 

Impaction .. .8.-.. 2!)2. .•!24 

Indigestit.n, (i!) 
107. 22!). .•{.-.; 

.lolllt tllsease . 
Knee striking 
Lumeiiess. .',. ;!7 
li>7, .'{24. 


Lock .law '. 


.Mulignunt growth . 


Mare, nervous 

Milker, hard .' 

Milk flow, reduced 

.Milk, ropy 

Mill... ►.i,k ; 

Xa Vel ilil'ecdoii . . . 
Ophthalmia, perlodii 


Paralysis 21 

Pasturing oats 
Parturition, ditliciilt 
Pawing In stable . . 

Pigs, death of 

I'igs. sick 



Puffs on liock 


icing worm , 

Salivation , 

Scrotal hernia . . . , 
Shoulder, sore .... 


Sow. sick 


S .re '. 

Stocked leg 

Stomatii staggers . . 


Siispltioiis case . . . 

Tail, crooked 

Tapeworm of dog . . 

Teat, blind 

Teats, obstriicteii . 

Ti'etli.>ni>d . . . 

Tcntlons, contracted 

[Tendons, injured . . 


TiHjtli. elongated . . 
Tooth, diseased . . . 


Tumors .'',, 

I'dder. lumps in 

I'dder trouble 

I nibiiical hernia 

I'rlne. blooily 

I'rtlcara ..." '.[ 

Verminous bronchitis, 1()i 

Warts 107. i«i:i. 

Worms, .-..1 229, 277, .'{oO 

i. 101 
. . 0!) 
. .107 

. .201 
, . 101 


. .".2 
. .'.IT.i 
. ..•J2.-. 

. .-{24 
. .•?24 

. 0!» 



.21. '5 

. .'{2.-. 

. :{7 
. :!.-.7 

101. 1.'{.1, 
. 404. 



. 10.V 

. ''''9 


. .-.;», 


. ..•{2.-. 


. :',7 

. 20.j 



. 21 


• b' 





. .-..'{ 

. .•{24 



. 21 

. .•{2.-. 


. 20:! 


. :!.*j!) 

. 2!42 
. 21 
. 21 

. .1.1 


. .17 

. 24.'i 


. 8.'. 
. 20:: 

. r,a 






r. .1.-7 
. . :{.-.7 

. .117 



. .40.-. 
. . .-. 
. .21;; 
i. 10.-. 


. .124 
, . .•{7.'{ 


. 8.-. 


. .4o.-> 





lis Scavengers, 
^g i.roblem . . 
(islt. vtiiing 
little . . . 

klly. canti 

. 2.1 
. 2.1 




•t'l'-ry . . . .14:{ Coal oil '{,„■ 


Crape vines, girtlling 
Crape vine, worms on 
Classes. California . . 
(.rasses for N. C 
(irass in S. W. .Mo. .' 
Crass on low land . . . 

(irass. ori harti 

(Jreen niauiirltig, late 


Hay stack, roof for . 

Climbing, to save 


. 8:{ 
. 1!) 

. 1 -.0 


Cooky making 

( 'o|i.\ ing 

Corn foiltler lM-for«> 

Ing. hauling 

Corn how (o have 


Corn knife, 20, 'i:i.H. 
Corn meal early, f resh . . . ;{4<» 
Corn, pluiitiiig ami <ult| 
vat lug ooj, 



cut. •).•{ 





101. .•{(i; 

5how This Index 

of Contents of The Practical Farmer for the last six months 
to six friends; tc^ll them J 904 will be even better. In nine 
cases out of ten they will subscril^e and their subscriptions 
and your own renewal will cost just $3.00, less than 43 1 
cents each, for 52 copies of the best agricultural paper pub- J 
lished in these United States. 

















; ■' 




Philadelphia, January 3, 1903. 



Market & 13th Sts.Jiiladelphia, Pa. 


Sj'KVtAL M)iK.-.\ I'vrry writia rxctu 

sively /ur The J'riflint 
other ptijier or innfjriiinf 
thty ividU to kiiitir iclidt 
<i(/rifiiltnrnl imtllirx <-(y 
The Practical Farmer. 

sun Is hot. If you have a tpfldor you 
may shake it up and euro and cock it 
thp day after it is cut. if the weather is 
very warm. Of course tlils plan is f(.r a 
heavy erop; a thin, light one would cure 
quicker. When I have been in Maine I 
have found farmers very friendly to 
lluHRarian. As 1 remember the Secre- 
tary of ihe Hoard of Aurieulture said it 
was a close second to the corn crop with 
them. You cannot grow as much value 
of seed per a< re as you can with (orn. 

not need much food and oight to find 
suflif ient in this way and be led out to 
scan h f(»;' nu)re, and thus be in belter 
slKii>e for business latei-. 

Abram Stnll. New IMiiladeiphia. O., 
asks what the dilTerence is betwtMMi 
phosphoric acid and acid i)hosphate. 
Arid i)iiosphate is phosphatic rock, 
mined in the South, and ground, and 
treated with suli)huric acid so 
make a certain per cent, of thf 
phoric acid 

'uriiier, anil fitr no 
I'lll fjoiir friiiKlx ij 
'J'l rrii hat to say on 
•fek ihey must read 

Will result, when, the sins against na- 
ture, for which the parents were, to 
blame, will have to be attended to. 

Now lor the question about stimu- 
lants. How does a cool bath, followed 
by brisk rubbing, stimulate? Thrt whole 
surface of the body is tilled with minute 
blood vessels that are oft.-n called 
capillaries. They are exceedingly small 
IS to and partly as a result of wearing clothes 
phos- the blood fails often to circulate freely 
in them. This is an unhealthy condi- 
tion be.ause these blood vessels carry 
away th.; never ending waste of tissue 
and bring new material extracted from 
the food, to build up more, A quick 
bath in cool water, or exposure of naked 
body to cool air while exercising, tends 
to bring the blood to the surface, mak- 
ing it all red, and a brisk rubbing hcliis. 

Hungarian, its Cult 
with Corn for the 

J. Buchanan, Fles 
as follows: "What 
Hungarian grncs c 
seed and care for ii 
pare wi;h corn forjonomical fodder 

, - ^ ^_ - ,. .,.. ..,.,., |/ii«fi It €ii 111 in it available for nl;int« 

more wo'r'k r.JnTi "'" '"'"" ''"^'" '''»'"'" ^"^ "-'"'»>"^ «"" unavailable^ ^ 

moie work than Hungarian grass, as jihoric acid. The ground rock untreat 

enon:r"> '"""''" "" " ""^' '=" '""" ""' ''^' •-" -nsiSd p -a uVill 'n - 

feed^'nbmitT 'T" ''\ ^""" """"'"' "' available; late experiments, however, - 

feed about as cheaply growing Hun- dicate ditTerently. Now you buv say a 

ganan probably as he coulcl with corn. 200.poun.i bag of acid phosphate. On 

~' ^ «n,aller compass in the barn. The crop aver' ge betwee thf iTo E;^^^ hl"^J?'V,^' U?" ""' ''V''^ "">'• '^»'» 

and Compared can be p:.t in later, giving more time for The available phosphoric ind .s dS h7i ^h, '" '^'^.'^'T'^' »'>'^t 1^'' ^'^^^'^ ^f 

:reine North. working land. It can be harvested food, this J^,J,n?,«^^^^ M XuM^^ 

i'ln, Ont., writes 

yield of the 

" IIow do you 

low does it corn- 

working land. It can be harvested 
quicker, where one wishes to follow 
with Winter grain, as we do, and again, 
gives more time for tillage. But now 
let me give you a more careful idea of 
tho, feeding value of Hungarian hay. 

pare wi;h corn for onomical fodder You know the protein in the feed is the ,;,.:;.:, /.'"'T .'" ^'^'''^ """"'' 

iri''';'°^»^r .!;b-^ !»-«'- -'"-.'Hint ■'ro„"i^rj^^^^^ 

short for corn? Cd/is liable to get 

frozen here before t 
land we can grow \ 
Hungarian hay per 
is brought in the bai 
ir the mow, of co 
weigh OS much. I 
the Norih, nearly ii 

|it thrf 
fe, weij 

in less time. Six 
weather will make 
lain enough to start 
grows so qui kly y( 
wants fertile land i 
crop. It aee<ls all its 
time. The seeds are 
as red clover seeds { 
acre abou', the right 
doesn't u..ually cost, 
about one-quarter as 
the heavy seeding is 
should be sown wh< 
warm, but not befon 
or two after c-orn p 
ground should be ma 
seeds ar" small, an 
and covered with a w 
row. Where surface 
a rain I would roll 
come up better. If t 
crust forming, which 
plants to get up thn 
after th-^ crop is up 
high. This to make 
the mower. Kxcept o' 
one-half inch is dee 
the seeds. If you w; 
when the heads com 
appear. You can see 
morning when dew i 
time and nicely cured 
hay, for one feed a 
from long experience. 
]'» tons of it this seas 
curing tiian ripe ti 
not muc 1 more than ti 
som. It will not bl 
lying in dew as quickl 
very good way is to 
noon, let it lie all no 
rake anl rock the foil 
OS dew is off. then d 
ilurlng the next day o 

[irity." On good 

ree tons of 

ighed as it 

When dried out 

it would not 

k' seen crops in 

)ur latitude, on 


e 3 



ays of warm 
op. if there is 
romptly. As it 
an see that it 
oduce a large 
ility in a short 
t the same size 

ccMitains 'JO pounds; a ton of timothy 
H't; a ton of corn fodder (corn grown as 
fodder, lot corn stalks) .'iO; a ton of 
corn stover, stalks with ears removed, 
34 pounds: a ton of corn grain, l.")S. You 
see a ton of corn grain per acre with the 
stover would have more than twice as 
much protein in it as a ton of Hun- 
.garian hay. I should hardly expect land 
producing but a ton of corn to bring two 
tons of 1 ay. The land would probably 
bring the most nutrition in corn, but 

food, this2S poumls. You have to apply nature about overcoming the e fe, ts o? 

JOO pounds of acid phosphate, with the our civilization. It stirs up a "luggish 

above guarantee, to get L'S pounds avail- ciivulation and there is nhrnfulr.!! 

able J'o^Phonc- ac^Hl on your land, action, with rea.sonable care. O the 

ist Wn- 1 •i^'"**^^' 1 '■*'*'''• ^'^•- •''""''■ ^♦"*^'" h'""' ♦'"' -ff^-'t of alcohol and 
!,!•, ''."."" ^='•'"'l.*^."°V«.^.^««'•"^•. h»""'s f>'»K« i« unnatural. It may be best to 

use them sometimes as a last resort, 
when the sands of life an- running low,' 
but whenever it is possible I would pre^ 
fer to trust to the vtumilants of 
good food, fresh air. cool, if possible, 
bathing, exercise, etc It is easy to give 
a drug that will excite the heart to 
greater effort, or the kidnevs. or other 
organs, but is the best physician in 
the world ever sure that he will thus 
do more good than harm? One can easi'y 
put elements in the body that do not be- 
long there, that are unnatural, and stir 
up a commotion, but who can s;iy cer- 
tainly what the outcome will be? As I 
have tol I you before the best physicians. 

He has no sUible manure. He asks: 
"Can not we add humus by laying in 
straw in the drills over the seed corn 
and potatoes?" V.-ry little indeed, to the 
crop in particular. It might 
help pniHtocs .some l)y making .soil loos- 
ei for th'in to set in. on day land. Hu- 
mus is tormed by decayed vegetable 
matter in the soil. Its presence would 
lessen your fertilizer bills and still in- crops. What you need is a sod, 
manure, straw, a dead crop or some- 
thing of this kind turned under fre- 

no great difference. This is not a fair quently. 1 would try to get more land 

comparison, however, exactly as corn so vcm can i\n thic 

grain is a condensed food and w'th the Heal h Hinfl - E'-v^n H.nlH . I';''*^ ?h '/."" ""'r" ^''^ ^'''^' Ph.vslcians. 

Hungarian hay you would have to fee I ChTldv ' -r.'I^', ~..^'tr!"o_5"^i^^^^^^ tl.ose tha ^ . ,, „,^^^_ ^,.^.,. ^,^^, j^,^^^ 

ver, more than 
h as clover, so 

expensive. It 
e ground gets 

e sow a week 
Tg time. The 

Hungarian hay you would have to feed Children.— Stimulants; the Cool Bath 

more grain per ton than with corn and and Drugs.— Dangerous Pills Used In- 

.stover. Corn leads fairly where it does stead of Proper Food.— A modest reader 

. , well. But your question is how Hun- sends tb." P. F. a remarkable report 

m?»!!'^!«'' ^7. K«"a" .7"W)ares with corn for economi- They havc> ,.|even children, the voungest 

tlt> to use. It cal fodder production where there is a baby. ;,nd have never emploved a doc- 

danger of .orn being Injured by frost, tor but (;nce, and then he did no good. 

(onsidenng this risk, and the less cost They think that pure air and proper 

of handling, and better chance for sav- food, pa.ticularlv fruit, with very little 

lug, and the chance to feed purchased meat, has been the cause of their being 

r^-ir,. ■t.-,S„°.' ^^.^: '-L^,!?:^ "„7 ;:r:,!„- -YXv- z^l:t';.^ ::^^^3:P 

stimulating with a qool bath and with 

drugs. After leading this letter it came 

to my mind that these children were 

happy and contented with their simple 

way of living, as they have known no 

,. .. ,- , , ■' other, and their parents live as they do. ne nui not asK me to w 

direc-tion It wc'u d seem more natural Contrast the homes, many thou.sands of but I do it out of pitv 

for it to find food distributed all through them, where children have tea and coffee 

the soil, rather than conden.sed in a nar- meats, pie. cake and other dainties- In 

row strip. The roots take the food in fact, almost live on what thev never 

solution. It will be more likely to be ought to have, and as a result will have 

dissolved when broadcasted, as more weakene 1 constitutions and more or less 

will come In contact with it. Thi:< will ailing bodies through a shortened life 

be parti'iilarly important In a dry sea 

or light har- 
lot crust after 
e. The seeds 
s danger of a 
hard for little 
you can roll 
three inches 
e smooth for 
|ht, loose soils 
ugh to cover 
(od hay. mow 
id blo.ssoms 
■arly in the 
Cut at this 
kes tine cow 
ay. I write 
rt has some 
needs more 
would, but 
cut in blos- 
nd »damage 
ither hay. A 
n the after- 
day as soon 
from cock 
while ine 

says farmers there generally put fertil- 
izers fo.- corn in the drill. He has 
broadcasted for two years and wishes to 
know my opinion as to which is the bet- 
ter way. It Is natural for corn to send 
its roots out two or three feet In every 

drugs and depend the most on natural 
methods namc-d above. Brushing the 
skin with soft bristle brushes vigorous- 
ly before bathing, helps along the same 
line that the cool bath does. Always 
rub your.self, or exercise otherwise, un- 
til warm after bathing to get best re- 
sults from the cool bath. The above 
brings to mind another letter from an 
intelligent minister, and a young man. 
too. "I have been ailing more or less 


taking pills every night." Would 
you believe than an intc-jligent man in 
the year i;t02 coulcl know or care so lit- 
tle as this about the proper treatment 
of his own body? And, strange to sav, 
he did not ask me to withhold his name! 
. . No. he w.mted 
me to tell the kind of pills he took! 
Zounds! What can this man be think- 
ing of? The probabliities are that from 
lack of exercise and fresh air, and eat- 
ing improper food, he was constinate<l. 
The pills relieve this and he feels bet- 

son. In case of sod turned in. or coarse 
manure, on rather poor land, so availa- 
ble plant food would be scarce just as 
corn was starting, one can see how a 
little fertilizer in the drill might be 
helpful as a starter, in a cold Spring, 
until nariire coulcl make the general 
simply more available. But on reason- 
ably good ground, and as a general rule. 
I should bro.ulcast the fertlli/er eveniv 

It these fleven children are fed largcdy ter temporarilv, but it is unnatural It 
on rolled oats, graham, or whole wheat will take more and more pills to ac corn- 
flour, bread and butter, vegetables, milk, plish the result, until in time the bowels 
eggs, good cheese, etc.. in connection lose all power of moving them-elves 
with thMr fruit, their chances for good The end is certain— worse trouble Oh' 
health and strength and long life are de- how ran people be so foolish I am not 
ddedly better than those of children afraid Inii what, if I had this clorgvman 
who have been allowed to eat much they where I c ould take care of him I ouM 
ought never to have. The child will make his bowels move npturally ad all 
usually pet along on improper food, right without anv medicine !".i',. of 
wiih oc-ca?lonal spells of sickness- it is slxtv davs. and c-au-e him to entnv bet 


. : , i. \ \l\ ' " I" ' i*- 'oiiiii speiis or sicKness- It Is s xtv c avs. an< c-au-^e him to en'ov hpt- 

and harrow it in. The young plants do later in life that most ^f the trouble ter health than he has known for ye^! 



The Practical Karmer 

January 3, 1903. 


Tiventy^Five Hundred Strong 

We Await Your Orders 

Each employee thoroughly trained to attend to his or her special 
part of your order in the quickest possible time and without mistake. 
Not only best goods at lowest prices, but PROMPT SHIPMENTS 
are largely responsible for our immense and still rapidly increasing 
business. Ninety^seven out of every hundred orders are shipped within 
3 days after being received and thousands are shipped the same day. 

Don't you think it would pay you to trade with us? From our large 

catalogue you can buy every' 
thing you need at wholesale 
prices. Fill out the coupon 
and send it with 15 cents 
for our catalogue TODAY" 
—you will more than save 
your money on the first 
order you send us. 


SenJ for Cataloifue TODAY and uet ready for Spring "fixing up." 

Montgomery Ward 4> Co., Chicago. 

kudosed find 15 ceuti, for which please send me Catalogue No. 71. 


Kxpreu Offioa 

Write very plain. 

Poit Offloe- 


Montgomery Ward Sr^Co., Chicago 

I would make him take a moderate 
amount of exercise dally and force him 
to breathe the pure air, and feed him on 
proper food. And it would be good food 
that he would relish. He would soon 
enjoy his meals much more than he does 
now. He would Ret but two meals a day. 
I would soon have him liking my wife's 
graham bread as much as I do. so white 
bread would have no more charms for 
him. And then he should keep up with 
me eating apples, peaches, pears, grapes, 
berries, dried or canned, when they 
could not be had fresh. And we would 
have prunes, figs, oranges and nuts, and 
still by leaving out most of the meat 
probably I could board him as cheaply 
f.s he is living now. and no nasty pills 
and irritated bowels, with serious trou- 
ble ahead, but splendid health, better 
sermons and a longer life. 

%7r. /8 . ^^^ 



Answered by the P. F. of Philadelphia. 

We shall h<> glad to answer In tlila column all qiiea- 
tlona pertaining tu the farm utul furiii optrationi 
which our huImmtIImth !s«ti(l U8. Write your queatiooa 
plainly and aa brlt-lly as you can. 

Fertilizer Formula. — M. G. Robert. 
Washington, Ga. — "I have the following 
formula for cotton, and wish to know 
the percentages, and if it can be im- 
proved: Acid phosphate, 1,200 pounds; 

1 otton seed meal, 50U pounds, and 
kainit, .300 pounds. For corn, acid phos- 
phate 1.000 pounds, cotton seed meal 
700 pounds and kainit 300 pounds." The 
first formula, assuming that high grade 
Tennessf^e phosphate of IG per cent, is 
used, would be about 10 per cent, phos- 
phoric acid, I'j per cent, of nitrogen, 
and 2 per cent, potash. The second 
would make S per cent, phosphoric acid, 

2 per cent, nitrogen and 2 per cent, pot- 
ash. These figures are approximate 
only, as the materials will vary some- 
what in composition. But as we have 
often said, if you can use the proposed 
fom'Ma on corn at that rate and get 
back ihe in extra corn you can do 
more than we ever could. We hope the 
time will soon come when our Southern 
farmers will realize that a fertilizer 
formula is not the only thing needed 
for the making of crops and improving 
the land. So long as they assume that 
for each <rop planted they must use a 
certain formula of fertilizing materials, 
and depend on the fertilizers to get the 
crop there will be no improvement in 
Southern agriculture. The formula you 
propose for cotton will answer very 
well, and it will pay to use on this crop 
far more than 200 pounds per acre. 
Then get your rotation so arranged that 
your corn will come on a crimson clover 
sod sown among ^hp cotton, and that It 
gets all the hom*'-made manure, and you 
will not want any formula for it. 
Then if you farm right you will never 
need to buy any nitrogen but what you 
get back from exchanging your cotton 
jwed for meal. Then feed this properly 


and judiciously to stock In connection 
with pea hay and corn fodder, and you 
will soon be making manure enough for 
the corn Stock feeding is the founda- 
tion of all success in farming North or 
South. Nine-tenths of the Southern cot- 
ton farmers are now simply the agents 
of the Fertilizer Trust. 

Keeping Sweet Potatoes. — "1 have 
just read your summary on keeping 
sweet potatoes, and am contemplating 
building a house for the purpose to hold 
I about 1,000 bushels. Would like to have 
I your plan for such a house." A house 
for the keeping of sweet potatoes should 
be long and narrow. One about ten feet 
wide and forty feet long and eight feet 
to the eaves would answer your pur- 
pose. The walls should be made of 2x0 
studding, sheathed and weatherboarded 
on the outside and celled inside, the 
space between being paiked with saw- 
dust. The celling overhead should also 
be double and packed. Wooden venti- 
lators should reach aliove the roof with 
doors for closing them. Slatted shelv- 
ing should be built on both sides of a 
central walk so that the potatoes need 
not be piled deeper than 18 to 20 inches. 
In a shod at the north end of the house 
have a large stove and take the pipe 
from it overhead through ^he length of 
the house. When the potatoes are In, 
after having dug and handled them 
with care to prevent bruising, start a 
fire and run the temperature of the 
house up to !*0 degree* and keep it there 
till the potatoes have dried off from the 
sweat and here and there you can see 
one starting to sprout. While curing 
keep the ventilators open in day time 
only. After they are dried off shut up 
and then look after the house and see 
that temperature never getsmiuh higher 
than ■'iO degrees nor lower than 4.j. and 
you will have no trouble in keeping the 
potatoe.s. One man in South Carolina 
to whom we gave these directions told 
Us in August following that his potatoes 
iiad kept so wfll that he was then feed- 
ing hogs on the previous year's crop. 

Corn Breeding. — S. C. Miller, Balti- 
more. Ohio.— "l. What causes the ears 
of corn lo grow so near the top of the 
stalk? Is it from too close planting, 
or has the selection of seed anything 
to do with if.' 2. Will ears fertilized 
with the pollen from barren stalks have 
a tendency to Increase the number of 
barren ones? 3. Have you experimented 
with hill and drill culture, and which 
is the better way? 4. What is the best 
depth for planting? r.. Which are the 
most profitable to grow, taking the aver- 
age of season-s, the early, medium or 
late varieties? Can the early varieties 
be planted closer than the later ones 
and thus be made to produce more per 
acre?" 1. Very close planting may possi- 
bly have something to do with the ears 
growing near the top of the stalk, but 
the chief reason is that in the selection 
of seed farmer:^, as a rule, take the ear 
that grew highest on the stalk, because 
that Is always the finest ear, and this 
tends to make the ear grow higher and 
higher from the ground. 2. Pollen from 
barren stalks will certainly Increase the 
tendency to make more barren stalks, 
and in breeding seed all such should 

have the tassels removed before the 
pollen is ripe. 3. We have cultivated 
corn both in hills and rows, but where 
we now live there i i no experimenting 
along this line, since corn must be plant- 
ed In rows around the contour of the 
hills and straight rows are entirely un- 
known on Southern uplands. On any 
land we believe that stalks standing 
singly in rows will make more corn than 
when three or more are crowded Into a 
hill as Is common in the North. In fact, 
we have not check rowed any corn for 
many years. 4. The proper depth for 
planting corn will depend on the char- 
acter of the land. Generally about two 
to three Inches. In the dryer sections 
of the West it is common to use a lister 
and plant quite deeply below the gen- 
eral level, working the soil to it as it 
grows, but in the East we plant near 
the surface and usually about two 
inches deep, after the corn planter has 
rolled over the row. .^». No general rule 
lan be given as to the profit of the varie- 
ties of early, medium and late corn. In 
the northern part of the corn belt we 
would always plant an early variety, 
and these early sorts that have been 
originated In the North are generally 
of a smaller stature and admit of closer 
planting. In your part of Ohio your sea- 
son should be long enough to enable you 
to ripen a medium if not a late corn. 
You will find, we believe, that there Is 
never any real advantage In getting 
corn far north or south of your section, 
but that the best corn for any latitude 
Is the corn that Is bred there, and has 
become acclimatized to the region. On 
the high plateaus of Western N. C. 
3.000 to 4,000 feet above the sea level, 
they grow a small stalked, early com 
because of the shortness of the season. 
This corn Is productive there. Hut 
when brought into the lower and warm- 
er parts of the State it Is simply useful 
afc an early roasting ear, and is far less 
productive than the corn commonly 
grown there. You should breed your 
own seed corn by careful selection from 
a seed patch that has had all the barren 


is a constitQtional disease. 

It originates in a acrofuloas condition of 
the blood and depends on that condition. 

It often causes headache and dizziness, 
impairs the taste, smell and bearing, af- 
fects the vocal organs, disturbs the stomach. 

It is always radically and permanently 
cured by the blood-purifying, alterative 
and tonic action of 

Hood's Sarsaparilla 

This great medicine bas wrought the most 
wunderfal cures of all diseases depending 
on scrofola or the scrofulous habit. 

Booo'S Pills are the best cathartic *" 



Ynu arc through wltti 
wagon worry rorever when 
you buy one of onr 


They carry 4<XM lbs. and do 
it. easily, and don't cost a 
forttinpt'lthcr. Write forthe frcecatalofTue. Ittellsall 
alKiutthlM watroii and tbs famous Elei-trlo Wtaesla. 


stalks removedand from plants that 
come nearest t<the style of corn you 
want. There hi been a great deal of 
talk in the We9)f late about the kind 
of ear to select f seed. But you shouid 
get the kind of int you want first and 
then when you ve the desiruble (har- 
acter of plant Ksrill be time enough to 
go to measuri ears and studying 
their shapes. T first thing is to breed 
for a sturdy pit that bears its ears 
nearer the groul. and has a pair or 
more of ears, ^len you get the char- 
acter of plant etiillshed. then carry the 
selection to their itself, not always, if 
ever, selecting s;!ply for the size of the 
ear, for if you c'that you will at once 
go to breeding bkward. Btit select the 
most perfect ea in shape and finish 
from the most i luctive plants. Keep 
this up year afr year and you will 
finally gf't what ju want. If you were 
further North t matter of earliness 
would be of mo importance, but you 
are south of the )th parallel f\nd ought 
to be able to rip any productive corn. 

"ror thp land'sake" — use Bowker's Fer- 
tilizers. They qli-h tlie earth and the 
men who till It. Address nearest office, 
Huston, New Yorlhr Cincinnati. 

BIIIIC| Y Trarn RnRlnes and Separators are 
nUMCLI dura, economical and simple of 
construction. Write • free catalneue. 

TU. RriMELlro.. l,n Porte. Ind. 

Nitrate of Soits "Food for Plants." 

fend your tiunie on st csnl (or our Frt-e Hiilletin. 
Wllllus 8 Mj*n, mrrtttmm IS1. 19 J«ka 8«., Krw l«rk City. 

The Improved Kek Manure Spreader ppreads all 
kinds of fertiliier moqulcldv and lietttr ttiuu could 
possibly be done hv l]d. J-'re*' C'utaloKue. 

done hv tad 
BlRPifK U. 

ru.. Bill SS, 8} rani'f , N. T. 

T||BpC||Cpiand TbresblnK Engines, Saw 


A. B. 

Ullls, Macbinery and full line 
f Ag. ImpleuieiitH. Knf cat- 
fa tuhar Co.. I/t'd.. York, 1>h. 



^^^^^^ WHITE rou DISCOCNT8. 

H. pr4^ north CLOTK. N. Y. 


r»'C|uirerf t of the bsrvtst ticlil. 
Deerlnc Uarv4<hr Co.. Chlca«o, V. S. A. 

The Eclipse Corn-pnter. i;^^",:. .r^rik'^xl^i 

l-')0 111*. I)urttt)Ie. e* >mifnl. Hen'd for free cutulugue. 
Tbe Brlrhrr M Itjlot^^T. Co., Box tW, CklropM I'mlU, JiaM, 

Stock, Grain, 
Grass, Truck, 
and Poultry 

o $15 per acre- On Kastern 
Mildclimateand fertile soil 
S. P Woodcock & Co , i>al- 
ountv, Maryland 



Shore of llarylal 
Send for catalofl. 
ishury. WicomU' 

%ii Arance Fence 

OInct to Fir |n it iannficta rer'i frlw«. 


Tliig plan nol 

round farn 
farm purpose? 

y save* you th*) iniodleiu ih ^ 

profit, but at t! snme time lives you (he best 

nee. Many heights to suit all 
ntirely interwoven. No loose 

ends to unrav.. ruininif fenrp. Write to-day. 
Have fence r« ■ when yon need it. 
ADVANCKr, CE<0,.14I O (*t.. T'eorla. III. 

' n 



.1 ' 


January 3. 1903. 


The Pracxicat. Karmer 

Wood Ashes, etc. — Bert Huston, 
Meua, Ark. — "1. What value have wood 
ashes as u fertilizer for fruit trees, 
strawberries and vegetables? 2. What 
in the ijest fertilizer for strawberries 
and raspberries? 3. Wht^t are the best 
grasses for tliis county, aiul how should 
the land be prepared anfl fi-rtilized for 
them? 4. What kind oi ti lai^c, and what ! 
fertilizers should be us« d on cabbage, I 
potatoes and onions'. E. How shall Ii 
make the heaviest griwtli nf cow peas? | 
Soil light and sandy with n-d clay sub- 
soil, part upland and part creek bottom. 
1 have just ten acres ann want to com- 
pete for a prize of $1im) fjor the best ten- 
acre farm in our county. Judges will 
decide about the middle of July next, 
and 1 wish to have tlie Ifarm In the best 
possible condition. Have seven acres of 
old land that was in ppfis last Summer 
and is now in rye. iidlance new land 

just cleared. I have 
and am not acquainte 
here. Have a limited 

manure, and can get f<f*ost leaves near 

by, and wood ashes 

miles, ana manure at 

at the same distance." 

the wood ashes will deAmd on the kinds 

of wood from which thf.' are burned and 

list moved here 
with the land 
supply of stable 

the condition in whi( 

y hauling four 

25 cents -a load 

1. The value of 

they have been 

kept. They arc valual e mainly for the 

percentage of potash 
the smaller percental 
acid. There is also a 

of lime in them. The i are valuable as 

a fertilizer on any cr 
on fruit trees. If y 
from hard-wood that 
out of th ^ weather, m 
ing. it will pay you 
them liberally. If 
ashes and have beei 

v/eather they are not > iirth a great deal 

2. There is no manur 

ley contain and 

of phosphoric 

large percentage 

i). and especially 
I can get ashes 
have been kept 
ely for the haul- 
o haul and use 
cy are sawmill 
exposed to the 

better for small 

of a mixture of 

«»ed meal or fish 

potash, say tiOO 

K) of the cotton 

fruits than stable m: lure. The only 
difficulty is that it i apt to bring in 
grass and weeds am^ ng the strawber- 
ries. Our strawberry Irowers use about 
1,000 pounds per acr 
acid phosphate, cottoi 
scrap, and muriate o 
pounds of the first 
seed meal and 300 poiAds of the potash 
This is applied parti/] in the P"'all and 
partly in Spring. 2 In on do not say 
what your county is/iJd queries of this 
sort should always gw the county, but 
turning to the F. O. I.ide we tind that 
you are in Polk Co., tl*' western part of 
the central divi.'^ion I: the State. On 
your creek bottom lal,1 we would use 
meadow fescue and rm top. the first an 
early grass and the lall a late, one mak- 
ing the greater part 1 the afterm:ith. 
Thfe land for grass l-ihouM be v.'ell 
plowed and then haricvrd till as fiie 
as an onion bed bcfoR sowing. Grass 
seed should always beljwn in the Fall 
In your section, but I' the season is 
favorable the Sprint; lowing may suc- 
ceed. There Is no forKzor better than 
stable manure for thopraFs. but in its 
absence the fertilize! mixture me'i- 

r v?ry well at 
?re. The same 

results on the 
•tables if used 
)aration of the 
tw working are 
)n j)ea8 a lilieral 
ne and muriate 

if five parts of 
named. Pre- 

sow a bushel 
(r last of May. 

lown land and 
II at the start, 
iii fertilize anri 

tioned above will ms 
rate of 500 pounds per 
fertilizer will give go( 
cabbages and other V( 
liberally. Thorough r 
sol] and rapid and sha 
the essentials. 5. Give 
dressing of acid phosp 
of potash mixed at rat 
the first to one of the 
pare the land well a 
per acre early In Jun 
V'ou cannot take old. nil 
make a mo;I^l farm o 
no matter how well 
manure it. The lmpr*^nient of land 
is a matirr that requiijj years of sys- 
tematic work, and you 
to in(li;ite that you 1 
about farming, and hav 
You will find full insi 
gard to all thes'> matt 
"Crop Growing and 
which you can get from 
for 50 cents in paper. 
Study this book carefull|-ind we think 
that it will help you. 

Wants to Get Out of tt* Old Ruts 
John Linder. Olney. Ill.,»io makes the 
mistake of using a pale Biii pencil, and 
writing on both sitles of Wk paper, says 
that he learned at a recei^ institute that 
his soil needs lime. He fi 
get Blacked lime in sack 
Ky.. for $3.50 per ton. 
know If It would pay to 
price. He Is also offe 
from Chicago, contalni'i 
pho.sphoric add and L' v 
Bsh at $20 per ton d<-li\t 
tion. and asks our opini 
wants it for cci^ peaa. 

Uicstions seem 
')W very little 
much to learn, 
ctions in re- 
in the book 
Mp Feeding." 
e Farmer Co. 
$1 in eloth. 

that he can 
|in Louisville. 
u\ wants to 
iie it at that 
la fertilizer 
lO per rent, 
jent. of pot- 
at his f-ta- 
i( thi--^. He 
iia lo build 

up his land with cow peas as they do 
well there. Is undecided which woulil 
lie best, to keep a few cows and hogs and 
pasture the peas mainly with hogs, or to | 
keep sheep and put up the peas entirely i 
for hay. Has now 2J sheep. :> 12 I 
cattle, 2 sows and u boar and 5 shoats. 
Is making all the manure he can and 
will put it where he sows peas and sup- , 
plementing it with fertilizer. "When j 
would be the best time to apply lime, | 
and how? Last Summer where manure 
was put on the peas i found root tuber- 
cles, but none where the land was not 
manured. We raise the Black Kye, Whip- 
poorwill and Red Ripper. Red Rippers 
stand the drought best. I want to im- 1 
prove and get out of the old ruts." There j 
is no doubt that on your prairie soil I 
lime will have a good effect. Hut do not j 
apply it to the cow peas, for in all of our 
experience and oi)servation a direct ap- ' 
plication of lime to cow peas did more . 
harm than good. Nor would we put our , 
farm manure on th? peas. The fcrtil- , 
izer mixture you mention is about as 
j good as is needed for the peas and prob- 
I al)ly as cheap as you can get in your se<- 
I tion. You might possil)ly get the Ten- 
I nessee acid phosphate in Louisville for 
j less money and could buy the muriate of 
I potash to mix with it. for your- prairie 
' soil needs potash, though your clay tim- 
ber land may not. Then $3.50 per ton 
for slacked lime Is a pretty good price, 
for it will not take more than eight or 
nine l)ushels of lump lime to make it. 
I and you ought to be able to get the lump 
lime for $1 to $1.50. One bushel of good 
fresh stone lime should slack three 
I bushels ready for the field, and you will 
have to freight but the one bushel to .get 
[ the three slacked. Then, too, freshly 
j water slacked lime is far more effective 
than the air slacked lime that is offered 
' to you. The place to put the lime will 
be for the crop following the peas, 
whether that be corn or wheat. If corn, 
then-spread the lime at rate of not more 
than a ton broadcast, or say 20 bushels 
of slacked lime per acre. Put it on the 
land after it has been prepared for 
planting corn, for it will go down fast 
^ enough through the whole soil and 
' should never be plowed under. We think 
that in your section you will find that 
I the large Blai k cow pea will be best. 
We thiT.k. too, that you can get more 
' profit out of it by making hay and feed- 
ing lambs in Winter for the Chicago 
market. You ought to be able to get 
> the Western range lambs in the Fall at 
reasonable prices, and by feeding them 
on the cow pea hay during the Winter 
you can not only make them pay well 
l)Ut will get a very valuable manure for 
your land, and we think that this would 
pay you better than raising the sheep, 
though, of course, you could still raise 
some. Neither should you abandon cat- 
tle a-nd hogs, but simply make the sheep 
a specialty and make your own pork. 

Brome Grass. — White Grubs. — C. R. 
Knote. Green's Fork. Ind. — "What Is the 
feeding value of brome grass: what kind 
of land «loes it grow on? Will it pay on 
land where blue grass grows luxuriant- 
ly? Has it any advantages over orchard 
grass? Will it make good hay? Give 
the life history of the white grub or May 
beetle." You do not say which of the 
brome grasses you mean, but we assume 
that you mean the bromiis inermis that 
has been talked about so much of late. 
It is not a good meadow grass for yotir 
section. It has good qualities as a pas- 

' ture grass for the arid regions where 
other grasses fail. We have no analysis 
of It at hand and know of no fee<ling ex- 
periments that have been made with 
it to test its food value. If blue grass 
grows well with you, you do not need 
any of the brome grasses. The white 
grub is the larval form of the May 
beetle or Jure l)ug. The female lays her 
eggs preferably in a grass sod in Jun<'. 
an<i they hatch in about two weeks. The 
grubs eat voraciously on the grass roots, 
but grow rather slowly, and it takes 
them two years (o get their growth feed- 
ing all the time on the roots of grass, 
strtiwberries, etc. When grown, the 
grub makes an oval cell from three to 
ten inches below the surface, and goes 
into the dormant or pupa stage for about 
three weelcs. when the beetle is perfect- 
ed, but remains in the earthen cell un- 
til the followi"g Spring when it comes 

'out fully hardened, and at once pairs, 
ileposits its egg^ and dies. It will be 
reen then, that the life of a single indi- 
vidual Is about three years. 



Thousands of Women Have Kidney Trouble and 

Never Suspect It. 

Gertrude Warner Scott Cured by tht Great Kidney Remedy, Swamp-Root. 




WisiiH'ii Slider untold misery becauf<e 
the nature of tlicirdi.scase is not correctly 
understood: in inuiiy cases w hen doctor- 
ing, they are lc<l to"l)elieve that womb 
trouble or leinale weakness of some sort 
in iespoiisil>le for their ills, when in fact 
disordered kidneys are tlie chief cause of 
their distiessiny; li«)iil>k's. 

The mild and extiaoidiiiary eflect of 
the world-l'aiuoiis kidney aiid bladder 
remedy, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Uoot, is' 
Kooii realize*!. It stands the highest for 
its wonderful ciiivs of the most distressing 
eases. A trial will convince aiiyoiie--and 
you may have a saini»le bottle iseut frtie, 
Ity mail. I 

.\iiioiip the iiiniiy fanioiis cures of Swniiip- 
Hool iMvestlt;ati-(l liy 'I'iif I'riiclical Karuier. t lie 
<Hic we i)Ul)llsli tlii-f Wft'U fur llie heuelll of our 
rcaderH, spfiiks In the hinlicsl leriiis of tlie ■ 
wonderful eiirHlUe properlieti of this great 
kidney remedy. ' 

"Docto s Said I Had No Kidney 

Vinton, lown, .lulv l-'ith, IIKK. \ 
\m. KII.MKU A- CO., HiiiKliaiiitoii, N. Y. 
[ liKN I i.kmen:— My troiilile l»ei;«n with pain 
in Miy sloniacii aiul hai'U, so si-vere that It 
seciiitfl as If knives were <'nttlne: me. I wcs 
treated liy two of the lieKt physlelun.s In the 
I eoniily. and i-onsniteii anollier. Sone of them 
] misjiri'li'fl Ihiit thf cinisi- of injf trouUtv ivit 
: kitiiirt/ Tliey all toitl me that i Inul ; 
I eanrei- of llie Ktomacii, and would <Ue. I tirew ' 
H<i«e;ilc that 1 eould not walk any more tlian 
u elilld a month old, and I only ueiuhed ninety 
|)onii>ls. tnie day my hrother .saw In a paper 
votir advert isemenl of iSwanip-Koot, the Kreat 
' kidney remedy. Ue bought me a hottle at our 

♦iruc store aiitl I t<iok it. .My family t-ould see 
a i-hanye in \\\v. for llie lielter, so lliey ohtalned 
more and 1 rontlnued live use of .'-^wamp-ltoot 
reuularl.v. I was so wt ak and run down that 
It took eonslderalile lo huild me npat-ain. I 
am now well, tliaiiivs to swamp-Kool, and 
wi'IkIi IIH pouiKis, and am keeplinr house for 
m.\ hushand and hrother. Swamp-Koot eurert 
me alter the doctors bad failed lu do me a 
particle of good. 

Mlts. scdiT 

Spmple Bottle of Swamp-Root Sent Free* 
EDITORIAL NOTE. — Vou may have a sample l)«)ttle.of this woiidcrfiil remedy, 
Swiimp-l toot, sent absolutely free by mail, also a book telling till alioiit Swaniji- 
I{i)ot, and containing many of the thousands upon tlioiisaiuls of testiiiionial Icttei'M 
received from men and women who owe their good-health, in fa<t their very lives 
lo the great curative properties of Swamp-lttKjt. In writing to Dr. Kilmer i\: Co., 
Uiiiuliamliui, N. \'., be sure lo say that you read this generous oiler in the 
I'hiladclpliia Practical I'armer. 

If you are already coiiviiu-ed that Sw amp-Hoot is what you neetl, you can pur- 
cli.ise tlie regular lilly-ceiit and one-dollar si/.e bottles at the drug stoics every- 
wlieie. Don't make any mistake, but remember the uame, ISw amp Hoot, Dr. 
Kiliiier'H tSwamp-Koot, and the addreHH, Binghamtou, N. Y., on every bottle. 


Short Crops Need Full Weight 

In tv<» Riiinnipr Is M important 

M flK-l l- ill flu- WlllllT. iiml MO 

liuiryiii.'iri. I tiriiKr. llott-i inaii 

ran rdliM.l t,i ),<■ u itlioui a Kiipply. 

To li.irv«>t I'l' iiun k, ••asy unci wuli p<-on- 

?tiiy htivn IMIKM II .\l.l. STKKI. Morill.K 

ROW ICK ri.OW. Marks and rum two row* at a 

tiiiif, i-ui« ;iiiy Mzi. cikp nnil .-my (l<*pili. I'ayti for itwif 

ill two il.iyg. lift our mtnloKiu- and inlrodiirtory prii«<. 

John Uurach A: Hona. Id 1 Wctla Ht. MUwaakcc. Wla. 

USOOOU NCtlE til.. 



ICE PLOW Z'':,n 

last a life-time: nljusfni Ic 1 .l<-|ith. IMiti.m 
SI cntilin;(.'>'.pii;cs,)anil Ixn.k 
on llirvrMlnc Ke, 5<mt free. 

Jt'^k» ri.~r,«rf ... ntt tary. HftM 

Wm. T. Wood dt Co« 
Arilngton, Mass. 

Practlcsl.rspld.a sever 
of time 

'ur cro|i« »ri» 'hoi ' ft'u iii'fd a 

••■Klc witr-<* tliAii p«fr. I'rii t-s wilt 

raogf hiKher. hO'I evirv pfiiifitl .bould 

!•♦ w.|.'tn?.| on' r''li«i'i« . bWh 

,' crale fcalti. Ike <>>Koo<i 

ataltaahill. Prloianl trrnia 

rra<on*><lr. I-r" C«i»loim-. 

lltl tValrslSI.. nioKhiRiloa. .%. T. 

uiio iisr •iiit4|HuLrrClty Orliiilfiiir 
MilUilaim lli .i liiry s.ur U.Wy \,:,\t 
tlicli-rl. Test this lor».!f. W> 
shl) I. ill mills on Tri kl and iin>U-r|Nitiitive 
^:'Mr.intPC. Crustiand (jriii'l alj^r.iirt 
tinKly «r nil«ril. Ilall llrHrInK* — 
run r\%\. Our ^f\h Anni.-il < itil<'uue 
fn»il' •! free. W > li ukIIc .ill st.ind»rl 
inikrs ff firm inipU-ments. Oct our 
priors on )'in 
II S7 nibcrt 81., Pkllattelpbla, 9%. 

A. W. STB11TB * CO. 

tk*A.W. SSBAOB SOh Gm*! a^ Baadolph BU.,'iMtaf. 

I\AN3AS CITY ^Itikf^l 


Uniform Sowing. 

4 to It (ii'ii'!-pri h> >ir.i>i>MnK 
one-third the ge«-d. The 



.II" b««eii tlicrlioirp of broad- 
.h!«Uts iiciii.y iltty yeari" 
liiipipitant liitr improTe- 
TiM-iifa. Suwii all irrai«j*<'# and 

rr>in». Fillip <tt|.-rll.4-'l tn D«w bouk. ft 

Sower's Manual, 

• i»h wh' !• •uhiwl l*f •♦•fllftt i...U 
■ I< I l..ry 'trriirr fboulj i^.. Ik 
Kr»#. 1* ri*» tvt cwpT. 

Goodell Co., 32 Main St., Antrim. N. H. 



toaKmonth.Koft ineal.a»nparllk«"tooth 
^irroiind irraina-i-an ix- ni.-idi-. Tl<(<ral(l« 
7lik>' II betlt-r tlii<n an.vll>inKel»t- and 

'j-Tnw fm anilMlHck l>y tutlin-'it. ix-. uu!<e | 
Ir IN icr'>uiMl. ii'it <'iit anrt t«irii to pii*'-c*«.c 

Good Foodi 

Fins Cattle I 

. n t b« 

loaJ; I 


■ . fr <n aiii&ll fwMp to 
■ Aik r.r Bid 

\rM'".iE No.<4. 

POPS MFG. CO., Springtieirt, O. 


A put Pulverizing Harrow 

It V III k ^%^ Clod Crusher and Lc 

V<in oan "<'ll Hip linlk of your h.nv 
if \oii shrnl ymir f' fM-p wl'h a 
.Ml (Kimlrk liiKkor .inil shredOiT. There- 
fore buy the M< <.'ortiilck. 

3 T0 13 1-2FBCT. 




To be returned at my expense if not satisfactory. 

The best pulverizer — che.ipest Riding; Har- 
row on earth. We also m.ikc u .ilk- 
iiiji Acmes. The Acme 
cnishcs. ruts, pulveri/ts, 
turns aiul level.s .ill 
soils for all pur- 
^ poses. Made en- 
tirely of c;ist steel 
and wroupht iron 
' -indestructible. 

Catalog and Booklet, "/in Jarm n\irri,-r."\\y Henry Stewart, inc. 
I deliver frre on ho-ird :it New Vnrk. Cbkifo. Cotambos, LouUvllle, K ;aus City, MlnncfpolU, San Francliico, "tc 







Jauuarv o, It) 


Our Clubbing List 

must not be replaced by now and un- 
tried theories. Before adopting any 
method, new or old, we should consider 
very carefully as to what the outcome 
will be; as to where we will land should 

Subscribers to TiiK I'kactuai. Faumkk who 
may ilesliT sDiiie other iteriodlcal in connoe- 
tioii witli il are offered tlie tollowiiig lo se- 

leet from. Tlic tlRures in tlip (list column : - ,, ^, , ,.. • „„„„»;„., 

show the regular price <.f Tm. I', t we follow the same. In this connection 

l"AiiMi:it and tlie iiuitlicatlon named. Those I am reminded of an epitaph which is 
In ilie .soioiid column show the price at which ^ j found in a cemetery in old yir- 
tlie publication named and Tuk ritAcriiAi. ' 
I'AK.MKit will botli be sent forgone year. 

2.001 i.«jn 
• i.»o 
;{.o(( i.ixt 

1.50 1.2.". 











."(.00 :i.'2r> 

.00 1.05 



-American .VKricuilurisl. N. Y. ("lly 
American (iardening. N. Y. t'lty... 
r.reeders (Jazette. Thicago. 111.... 
("ommerciiil (ia/.ette. Clucinuati, O. 

('oiiKtitution. Atlanta. <!a 

("ounirv (leiitlemnn. Albany. .\. Y. 
i'ourler- Journal ( «einl-wliiy i. Louis- 
ville. Ky 

Kntiulrer, rinclnnati. O 

Free I'ress i semi-wlclv (. I)e(rolt... 
( Jlobe-l)emocrat. St. Louis, .Mo.... 
Mari)ers Weeltly, Now Yorlt ("Ity.. 
Harper's ISazar. .New Yori< City... 
lii>Rrds l»airyman. I't. Atlviuson, 


Hunter Trader 'l"rapper.<;Hllipoiis.(>. 

Inter-Ocean. Chicago. Ill 

Leslies Weelily. New Vorl« ("ity... I 
National Sto<kmau. Pittsburg. I'a.l 
Ohio State ,I<iurnal ( semi-weelily i,| 

Columbus. 12.00 

Tress. I'hiladelphia. I'a |2.00ll.25 

ru.-iic Opinion. New Yorlc City ... !4.0o, 8.40 
Uural New Yorker. New York City . ]2. 00! 1.75 
Sunday Si bool Times. I'hiiadeipliia.|2.5(>j l.«55 

'l'oled<.' Ulade. Tole(h.. 2.00,1.40 

Tribune l"armer. New York City . . . 2.00i 1 .05 
liilon (Jospel News. <'leveland, O. . I L.'iOl 1.15 
World (tri-weeklyt, .New York City 
Youth's Companion, Hoston, Mass.. 
Y«)ung People's NYeekly. Chicago. Hi. 

Agricultural I^pitomlst, Indian- 
apolis, Ind 

Am. Sheep Hreoder. Chicago, 111.. 

Am. Swiuelieid, Chicag(». Ill 

IMooded Stock. Slock. I'a 

Century Magazine. New York City. 
Commercial Poultry. Chicago. HI.. 

Cosmopolitan. New York City 

Heilneator. .New York City 

Jieslgner. .New York «'lty 

I'a rm- Poultry (semi-mo. i. Boston.. 
(Ueanings in Ilee C llure (semi- 
mo. I . Medina. O 

(Jreeii's I'rult (irower, lloohester, 

N. Y 

Harper's Magazine. New York City 

I adics' AVorid. New York City 

Ledger Montlilv. .New York City.. 
Leslie's .Montlilv. New York City .. 12.00: 1.70 
McClnre's .Magazine. New Yark City 2. ool 1.70 
.Munspv's .Magazine. .New Yqrk City i 2. 00 1.75 

St teNrdiolas, New York City 14.0O':{.4(> 

Scientific American. New York <'lty 4.00|:{.4O 

Success, New York City |2.00 1.05 

Mcks Monthly 2.001.25 

Woman's Home Companion, Spring- 1 | 

lii-id. o ;2.oo!i.5o 

Send all subscriptions to The Farmer Co., 
Ma.ket & ISth Sts.. Philadelphia. 

2. ool 1. -J,! 
12.75; 2.50 
11.75; 1.25 

1.50' 1.25 
2.00 ; 1.05 
1. 501 1.15 
5.O0 4.40 
1.50 1.15 
2.00' 1.70 

ginia, which reads as follows: 

"Remember, man, as you pass by; 
As you are now, so once was I ; 
As I am now, so you must be; 
Prepare for death and follow rae." 

The Virginia epitaph, however, has re- 
ceived an addition in the following coup- 
let, which has been written below the 
original in a clear, old-fashioned hand: 
"To follow you is not my intent. 
Until I know which way you went." 
Just so in the live stock business; be- 
fore following the methods of those who 
have been successful we must be sure 
of what the outcome will be under the 
present conditions. It is not my inten- 
tion to dwell on the production of live 
stock in general as I have been asked 
to discuss a few features pertaining to 
the economical prodluction of beef. In 
the past no branch of live stock, save 
the fat hog, has been so generally 
handled throughout this State as has 
beef cattle. Iowa's natural conditions 
have been most favorable and have done 
much towards making her the greatest 
breeding and feeding centre of the Cen- 
tral West. Her virgin soil was so well 

the present prices of ffed stuffs it will 
cost at least thirty dollars per year to 
feed a cow. This looks like a losing 
proposition and it surely is on high I 
priced land. This leads up to the ques- \ 
tion of milking cows, something which 
the average man does not take kindly 
to, but a question which sooner or later 
he will be obliged to solve. In England 
this question has been solved. Over 
there the first requisite of a beef cow 
is that she be a fair milker. A cow that 
will not give a liberal flow of milk is 
condemned. At the Iowa Experiment 
Station we have cows of more than one 
of the recognized beef breeds which, in 
addition to possessing the desired boef 
form, have produced from three to four 
hundred pounds of butter per year. We 
have also found that when the milk is 
separated while warm and fed directly 
to the calves that, by addition of some 
flax seed meal, oat meal, or corn meal 
to the skimmilk, practically tys good 
calves can be reared as when whole milk 
has been fed. The butter fat, when sep- 
arated from the milk, netted us from 
fifty to eighty dollars per cow. Calves 
from these cows, fed on skimmilk and 
the adjuncts mentioned, have been mar- 
keted at twenty-six months of age when 
they weighed over fourteen hundred 
pounds. When land reaches the one 
hundred dollar mark it requires careful 
farming and stock raising to return a 
paying profit on the investment. But 
the lowd farmer must not abandon 

present values, and they surely will. It 
will be IjecauHC the farmei's will adhere 
to the live slock business. In this re- 
spect no line of live stock is better adapt- 
ed to our conditions than beef cattle 
when produceil from dual purpose cows. 
The cow that will net her owner forty 
dollars or upivards for the butter fat 
sold and at tiie same time produce a 
calf which can bo marketed at the age 
of two and a hiilf years, weighing in the 
neighborhood t\f fifteen hundred pounds. 
Such a raethodl is practicable and when 
adopted by the Iowa farmer he will not 
consider land ]oo valuable eveji at one 
hundred and cfty dollars per acre for 
the economical production of beef 
(ConcliUdcd next week.) 

I Will Iture You of 


Else No Money Is Wanted. 

After 2,000 experiments, I 

adapted to the production of corn and j stock raising, else his land will surely 

the growth of blue grass pasture, the 
two things which, when combined, have 
2!(>o;i!s(i ] no equal for economical production of 
2.oo|l.7o beef of the very best quality. Then she 
is situated between the range territory, 
where so many cattle are grown, and 
the leading cattle market of the world. 
These conditions have been of untold 
value to the Iowa farmer. Notwithstand- 

2.00 t. 50 
2.00 ' 1.40 

1.. 504. 15 
1.40 1.15 
2. 00 1.05 

deteriorate in value. In many of the 
Eastern States when land advanced in 
value the owners considered it too valu- 
able for stock raising, thus in many 
instances they went out of the business. 
What has been the result? There Is 
but one outcome to any such practice, 
which is worn out farms, which, in 
many Instances, have been deserted. 

learned how to cure Rheumatism, 
to turn bony 

ing these advantages, in many sections \ They have been taught a valuable les- 
of this State farmers who formerly j son, one which the farmers of the Cen- 
reared and fed cattle for the market ■ tral West should not have to learn 
are no longer engaged in the business. , through experience. Successful farming 
They claim that with land selling in the . cannot be carried on continuously wlth- 
nelghborhood of one hundred dollars ! out live stock. Commercial fertilizers 

cine that cart a 
ly must be druj 
ger. I use no 
folly to take t 
disease out of 
My remedy 
most difllcult, 
ter how impos; 
I know it and 
cured tens of t 

per acre that it is too valuable to carry ; may apparently answer the purpose for ^^y anj jr^y 
stock on. When land was cheap they a short time, but soil fertility may only 

Live Stock and Dairy* 

A Ureat CouiblnMtlon. 

While we k-n-p tliH deimrliuent up-tu< late on stock 
HUd dairy miittert. we know tb:it many of our reaitern 
would like, la HilUilioii. an exclusively stock i>aper. 
Among them we regard The Breeder's (Juzette, ol 
Cbieaeo. the leHdlng one. We bave made arrani;)-- 

ments hy which w« can wend the P. F. and The Urt>«d- Men who reared cattle when land was 

er'M Uazette both on« year for only fl.VU. 

reared their own cattle, when land ad- 
vanced in price to fifty or sixty dollars 
per acre they changed their business 
and became cattle feeders, but now, 
since land has made such marked ad- 
vances In value, they are compelled to 

be maintained in one way and this is 
by stock farming. In England stock 
farming is the mainstay of the farmer 
and land is worth twice as mu' h as 
what It is here. In the Island of Jer.sey 
land rents around twenty dollars per 

go out of the business. We are glad to i acre, still live stock, especially dairy 

note, however, that we have a great 
many very succeseful beef producers. 

Points to be Considered in the Eco 
nomic Production of Beef. 

cheap, when land advanced and who are 

still successfully and profitably rearing 

I and finishing cattle which, when con- 

I signed to market, always c ommand the 

I very top price. We have had, and are 

likely to have for some time to come. 

nent Station and I'rofessor of Animal ^wo of men engaged in the beef 

Sr;!;wa sla^l^ l.^Sel'i'";^sti,\;;e;*'^" i <«ttle business. The first class, which 

at one time was mudi the larger of the 

Kxtrnct from an address delivered by W. J 
Kennedy. Vi( e Hirector of Iowa Kxper' 

l,Zli,i gam in wealth, education and ; »? """^ "1; own calv^. tol and fln- 

i;fru'°,c- sr/:^r J-n^»s S'Sr Hr«.i^^^^^^^^^ 

the production of first-class live stock ^^^o might be termed 

farming. Is their main occupation. If 
Iowa farm lands are to maintain their 

'cattle feeders.' 

the fart that our State stands first and 
foremost of' them all. When comparisons 
!ire made In almost every Instance Iowa 
is used as an Illustration of what live 
Ftock. when properly bred and can'd for. 
can do for the farmer. 

Notwithstanding th»- fact that we are 
in the very front rank, we still have a 
great deal to learn regarding the pro- 
duction of the various kinds of meat 
producing animals, Iflgh prl'-ed farm 
lands and strenuous compi-tition from 
many sources are daily making the 
))rofitable production of meat a more 
difflcult pioblem. Things are very much 


few calves each year. One of the most 
' vital problems which many a farmer 
has to solve at the present day is where 
hn should «lasHify. Will he be a beef 
I iirower >)r a cattle feeder'.' At the pres- 
ent day and under existing conditions 
there is room for both. Where good 
judgment and ( ommon sense business 
j methods are ai>plled a man can make a 
' success of either method. Roth methods 
have their advantages and disadvan- 
tjig.s. The man who rears hi<? own cat- 
tiff can tontrol the quality of the ani- 
mals he feeds. t)n the other hand, he 
muMt force them from the day they are j 

different to what they usvd to »)e ...... ^^^^., ^^^ ^,^^ i^^,,,.,^^^ ,, 

land was worth from twenty to forty . r»' . ,._ _ a» .._ „ 

dollars pei acre and corn could be pur 

chased for twenty cents per bushel. In 
order that we may successfully meet 
these changed conditions whi( h have 
bfen brought about by the marked ad- 
vances in the value of farm property our 
former methods may have to undergo 
some modification. Not that the stock 
men who bred and fed animals during 
the last two dwades were ignorant men 
and did not understand their iMisiness. 
Thev. as a < lass, were Just as Intelli- 
gent, and solved the problems which 
confronted them In a much" better way 
than most of our men are doing today. 
Old time methods which can be success- 
fully applied under present conditions 

he hopes to realize a profit on our pres- 
ent liigh priced lands. He has a herd 
of lireeding cows to feed and lare for 
the year around. Can he affonl to keep 
and feed a cow for the calf alone'.' It 
takes a good cakf to bring twenty-five to 
thirty dollars at weaning time, while at 



J It eunnnU-cl to yifl I thr f.innrr '■ 1 |'<-r 
cent greater proht on h^^ Iti^esliiieiit 
thin any utlier crmm )»p4r3tur. Uur 
l>o.jk No. I •<) explains why. 

Shsrilei Co., P. M. Shirplet, 
Cslcits, lilt. Witt Chitttr. Pa. 


in feeding for milk are 
obtained by adding some 



to balance the ration. 

Sample and booklet 

**Feed Your Stock for 
Best Results," 

Sent free. Write to-day. 

Address Department O 

The Rooksry, Chtcigo, III. 

)int8 into flesh again; 
that Is Impossihe. But I can cure the 
disease always, at any stage, and for- 

I ask for no i oney. Simply write me 
a postal and 1 vlll send you an order 
on your nearest druggist for six bottles 
Dr. Shoop's Rhfcumatlc Cure, for every 
druggist keeps l. Use It for a month 
and. If It succeeh, the cost Is only I5.5Q. 
If It falls, I wll pay your druggist my- 
I have no sar )les, because any medl- 
act Rheumatism quick- 
ed to the verge of dan- 
such drugs, and It Is 
m. You must get the 
e blood. 

l)es that, even in the 
tinate cases. No mat- 
)le this seems to you, 
take the risk. I have 
isands of cases in this 
jrds show that 39 out 
those six bottles pay 
earned that people In 
general are hoi »Kt with a physician 
who cures them. That Is all I ask. If 
I fail I don't ex ect a penny from you. 
Simply write j|e a postal card or let- 
you my book about 
an order for the medl- 
a month, as It won't 
If It falls. It Is free. 
lc<lslon with you. Ad- 
Box 577, Racine, Wis. 
ot chronic, are often 
two bottles. At all 

of 40 who get 
gladly. I have 

ter. 1 will se 
Rheumatism, a 
cine. Take it 
harm you anyw 
and I leave the 
dress Dr. Shooj 

Mild cases, 
cured by one 



JO Cisecufivc Runs 

large English Berkshire Swine.';:;.Toirr" 

I'ric-.'M ill fy - i.riiiwtitlon. Send lor ( at«loi?tie for IsW'i. 
N. 1». BI'RRIKK. Bl»w MIdwa.*. M«l. 

Voanc'ii Aiill-,\bar<Un rood for Cow« U th- r»co«olf»< 

r>Mii.<li In 111.- |iror>-«ilv<> In '''I' p»r« "' '•'<" >'l«'<' •"<' '" rapwlT 
iH'-.imInK" kuowu u ih.- InvHuabli- •n-'ot of r»ll»f all ov-r lnlt<?.l 
Staler After a trial It U lt« u«n ri'ooniin^ii.latluB. Writ* for 
l>artUulari. Voviic'a Food Co., ModU, Po. 

' l38oM% 





Januarys, 1903. 

The Practicv\t^ Karmer 


All Inqiiirlps for bobwits in tlit» deiiartmetit slioulii 
N" HPut to .\. H. .\lexnn<l«r, M. I). <". V. S., li)l« Diivih 
Kt., Kvanstoii, 111., who Ii.ih t'tlltorial charifc of thlH 

Str-piirtinent. All inquiricH n>qiiiriii|t an«wer \>y Uiull 
lust be Hcconipanied by a fee of |1 each. 

Abortion. — I have a young cow tliat hns 
lost I wo talvt's bt-rore they were duo. She 
millis all liKht al'iur taiviug. K. 1- 

St. Louiii, Mu. 

You will find full particulars regard- 
ing abortion in back numbers of the 
paper this question having beer\ an- 

until tumor heals up. This Is only to lie I 
u.sed if the tumor Is still discharging 1 
after cow comes in. Until then, after 
above scraping and swabl)ing, paint the 
('nlargemcnt once daily with tincture of 
iodine. So long as the cow docs not be- 
come emaciated or have a discharging 
Kore in mouth connecting with tiie ex- 
ternal tumor there is no danger in using 
the milk, but most folks prefer not to 
use the milk of cows so alfocted. 

)iis. wliat is liif test loou lo Bive <oic lure oi iwo pans or crusueu oais anu 

me and luusdeV Have loru, '>ais. bran, ^^p pjj^^ bran in a box fixed so mare 

illct liay and fodder. What is KOod for her , . . . =. , . ,. ^ , . . 

TvousuessV She is three-quarters ihor<.ut;h- < annoi gei at 11, Dui toit (an take wDdt 

K<>f<linir Wenneil r«»l«. -- I would lie 

[ileased lo liave you tell nie how to iveep a 

, . il • *u- ^^»«.<*Tv.or>t sutkiiiK tt)ll from falliii;; nwjiv wlitii I wean 

Lwered trequently in this department.,,, ^,„. i, ^.,.,y ^^ „„^. j^,,,,-, ,,., „,„ ^.^^^ 

her to fall away. I,.\Mi;i;iti' Cuah;. 

KcodinK Mnri" untl VnU. — I have a vtiiik. I'n. 
very line mare, .s years old ; in foal stiK e iipfo-p weanine a colt provide n mlv- 
.Mav 15th. Slie is verv nervous; very anibi- | Meiore weaning a (Oil i,io\i(ie a mix- 
lious. Wliat is liie best food lo tfive eoit ] ture of two parts of crushed oats and 
bune and ■■■■■"■<"'' it.,,.. ,.i>i.n i>nt«i hruii. l 

bred. '"'""* l)."STt"AKT RK.NtKK. jit wauts. The colt will early learn to 

nii^nl.itlitoicn. Truu. [pat this food and the amount sliould be 

Feed oats and bran with fodder and j gradually Increased as weaning time 
carrots or other roots, but do not use dj-aws near. At the same time the mare 
millet hay for pregnant mares. For , should be reduced in milk flow gradu- 
colt use a mixture of three parts oats, aHy jjy withholding rich food such as 
two parts bran and one part corn meal jroes to make niHk. As mare coininences 
(or oil meal is better). It is the corn to let up In milk production commence 
that does not produce bone and muscle; applying camphorated oil to her udder 
it forms heat and fat. For the nervous- and let colt suck but three times daily, 
ness of the mare during pregnancy, in this way there is no sudden weaning 

which might end in abortion, give 

of the foal and the mare is more safely 

ounce fluid extract of black haw once ,iripd up than can be done where the 

or twice daily as required. foal is taken from her when she is mak- 

. ,, ^. ,,, . ,, 1 . 1. .i„ ins 51 f*'" flow of milk. Towards \v'ean- 

IndlK;«*>ttl«»n.— riease tell me wlial is the . " .. .1,1 11 n ■ 

matter with mv mar- and what to do. .She j !">? Hm*' the foal may also be allowed 

is ten VI ais old. Kats well, but when in ilie some nice, elcan prairie hav. a"d if it 

stable 'U eoiistantly riibbin}; and seiatt liin;,j jg desired to force the foal there is 
her nc; Iv and liead. She is very steady ainl ... 1 i. /, u. 1 ^ 

slow ^:oint,^ bui when in harness at work is nothin?? better for him aljout woaning 

i;iee..:anilv < haiuiiing ber bits and frothint; time than fli^x Seed jeilv in milk. Cow's 

at the m mil. AMnitosii 1'i;ak.m.\.n. n^ijjj jjhould be used, but may be re- 

duced one-fourth with water and sliould 
be sweetened with sugar. See to it that 
the colt has a dry bed in a roomy box 
rtall where the sun can enter and with 
yard attai bed for exercise. When foals 
become thin after weaning it is liecause 
they are given a lot of coarse food which 
they cannot digest and are too suddenly 
taken away from the dam's milk. A few 
chopped carrots will also be found good 
food for young foals, but they must be 
very carefully used at first. It is im- 
portant to watch the bowels of weaned 
foals, as they are apt to become consti- 
|)ated and where this is noticed flax seed 
jelly should always l)e used, and. If 
necessary, a dose of castor oil may be 
given in milk, or injections of soapy 
warm water be thrown Into the rectum 
with a large syringe. 

C'lifiirrli full fie Cured. 

• 'afnrrli Is a kindred ai'ment of consump- 
tion, lonjr eonsiderid incurnble : and yet there 
Is .'ine remedy that will positively eiiri- catnrrii 
in any of lis staples. For many years this rem- 
•>dy was ii-.ed by ilie lato I>r. .Stevens, a widely 
noted aiilliorily on all diseases of the throat 
iiiiil luiii-'s. llavlriK tested its wonderful cura- 
tive fiiiwrs In thousands of cases, and desir- 
ing to n''l"ve human sufferind. I will send free 
of cliar'_'e to nil sufferers from Cn'nrrh. Asth- 
ma ( 'o'lsuiiiiu inn. and nervous tli-ieases. this 
recipe, in <ierman. r'rencli or lOnirlish. with full 

Suliiiun, Ml). 

Please consult back numbers of the 
p. F. in which you will find much In- 
formation regarding this condition 
urdcr head of "indigestion" and "Itch- 
ing mane and tail." We find where 
cUidcen lice are not the cause, that the 
condiilon described arises from ovcr- 
feeulnjj on corn or other grain, in hot, 
filthy, badly ventilated stables and 
from not exercising and grooming the 
ar.lmal drily. To cure, stop grain feed- 
ing fcr a month or longer, if necessary, 
and substitute such foods as carrots and 
bran mashes. Clip horse, set stable 
right if unsanitary conditions exist. Give 
animal box stall when in stable and ex- 
ercise or work hard every day. Allow 
salt to licit at will and give half an 
ource of Fowler's solution of arsenic 
twice daily. The tail should be well 
wasiied with soap and hot water, then, 
when dry. saturated with a solution of 
raw linseed oil, flowers of sulphur and 
Chloro-N'aptholeum. It is well to wash 
for a few days with a 1-73 solution of 
the Chloro-Naptholcum and then apply 
the other lotion. Mcdicl'ial treatment is 
useless, however, without the proper 
feeding and management referred to. 

S^ellinK-.- -T have n mule tlmt ffot cut 
on wire just above llie le'lock joint, some ;i ilireciions for prepariPK and usinc. Sent by 
months au'o. I'he wound heaicti no. I>ut wiien | niail by ai'tlres-jinc with stamp, naming this 
he stands up in stable il swells im» and will pap4T. W. \. .N'oyes, 847 I'owers MIock, Uoch- 
jjo down when In use. C. A. Kixii. ■ •stcr. N. ^'. 

I'iiikU illtil, .1/0. _^_^__^^^_— ^-^— — ^^—^.^—^^-.^ 

Rub the part daily and then 
when drv apply a derby bandage. Give 
internally one drochm each of dried sul- 
phate of iron and powtfered saltpetre 
twice daily. Let him have a box .'^tall 
in barn and see that he is well exercised 
or worked every day. 

A«"*ltn»n»>coi«l«. - I have a cow lliree 
.vears old ilial lias a li':ii.» on her rl.'lit Jn»t'. 
Soon after sh" wns tvyh Inst Winter shP 
Ix'Knn lo ifet poor atnl fail In her milk. I 
fed siO'k ti-- d and sul'-'i'.ir and a lump l)ei'nn 
to Krow ft!i bi'i- Jaw. 'I'll •» a soft place came 
111 the lumi>. which I bad < ut open. A thick 
mailer run frcm this for a sliort time, but 
Hoon hca rd nii. Al tin- present time I a'li 
feedliii; sio k food, but the lump conlinues to 
grow. It I; lov as si lid as a bone. 

Chiiiii i/si nil . I'll. .Miis. J. Uoiii.NKTTt;. 

The cow is afflicted with actinomy- 
cosis, due to the ray fungus known as 
actinomyces. It will l)e necessary to 
lay the tumor open and scrape the bone, 
after which swab the part well with a 
saturated solution of bichloride of mer- 
cury, made as follows: Take one ounce 
of water, two drachms of bichloride of 
nif>r;t!ry ard one drachm of hydro- 
chloric acid and rub together in ^lass 
mortar, then place In rubber stoppered 
bottle. This is a strong caustic and 
rhould pot be used on any place except 
Inddf" of wound. As cow is pregnant 
she cannot srfely be given Iodide of pot- 
ash, whith is specific for this disease 
(lumpy Jaw). After the talf comes 
•wean the calf a!ul jrive cow one drachm 
of iodlile of po-a^h three times daily 
until cow diFchrrgea from eyes and 
nose, loses appetite and has Fcurfy skin; 
then stop for a few davs and commence 
giving or.e drachm of Iodide twice daily 



Now in 

per Cow 

Send for fret catalogue. 


February ist the subscription price of 
The Saturday Evening Post will be doubled. 
It will be better and larger. We shall double its 
value and give you more of it for your money. 

Until FEBRUARY 1st you can 
have it a whole year— 52 weeKs— 


After Feb. ist the price will be $2.00 per year. 


Has been regularly published for 174 years, and now has 
a paid circulation of more than 400,000 copies weekly. 

Save a dollar now by sending a dollar TO-DA^', lor the 
oldest, strongest and best weekly magazine. Handsomely 
printed and illustrated. 



KCKlHtrred P. China. Berk. 

Mhli-<pM AV. Whltrii, X »kn to 6 

JIM'.: uiut<'<l: not ukiii: wrvit-e 
I'.i'iirH: HreflSowH. Wrif fiir i>ric»*« 
:iii<l (leHcription. W>- refiiix] ibe 

iiioiKV and have iln-iii r^turufil If not natlsded. 

Hamilton <t: Co.f Roaanvlck, Cbester Co., Fa. 

Tuttle's American Condition Powders VCZ^c 

lilmxl Hn<l III! ■liM'ii"«'s ii'i-^mij Ihi'rpfrom. 

I>K. N. A. Tl TTI.K. *H llrvrrly fit.. Rmiton. Mm*. 

Money AKeek.d. 

At the «D«1 of tKr ftr^t 1*^* y"<i ' 
eoush up ft (ni«I pr<4lt It j(4i ruo an 

CreAm Separator. 

Tlir .fi. flikt 11 »' 'd OD tCKl. It « 

Ob. thtt rrdvr'l Pirlii Kip<i.Iri(]o MeUuT 
Hrit« f I r.tal-«ii.. It In it*^ 

k'HM\Hk\ sKPAiuTOR rn., 

■•t in.MI Ralnlirldir, N. V 


Cream Extractor 

I 11'- If.iiliiiu crfuni •'xlructiir 
"I' (hi- iiiiirkfi Ix^-iiiis.' riillk miiiI 
w.iltT lire not inix(>'l. yon iilways 
liavf pure •<\%<'*>t milk for hoiiM* 
live Hiiil not (lilnlcil tor fi'tnllnK. 

Tlie nioHt convi'iilt^iit ettrru'tor 
xlf for hnncllini; yonr milk In 

■ iMtf r u» well us III siiiiiiiipr. It 
Nav>-n all ran liriinic. Nkiinniii'g 
nii'l wiohint; ol (■ro«-k«. Write 
for itp<<crl|itlve ('uHtluifiM* and 
fl'WiMl introitnctory pricm to 

The Arras Crum Separator Co 
Bluffton, Ohio. 


by 'Iririne that ktumpy pine 
of liut. TUB ilBKl'l'Ln 

llbtump I'ullrr |>utlt any stump. 

ISiives time. UtHjf and money. 

Cauioe i-KLii. Hircuin Ifc Ci., 0t»l.25 .CHtmllliklft 

the »1<I r> I lab le 
reuie<ly Tor all kin<lii 
.ritnu-ii'-Hi. *-li "■ Jr 'lrii.r.<irf A Tri!«tiw on the II '.r.-' tl.« 
'■aik fr <', iir wt'lp -s l>r. H. t. Hrndull !■•., Fumhiiric lall>. > I. 

Ktndtll's Spavin Curf 


K<il<l by Druggistn or sent I'V I icrf-v. 





OverTOxIrp"* .tnd si vies, tor (IrllllnK eithPrdMper 
lihHilow wells iti i»nv kiiKl of soil or rock. Mounted 
on wheels or on sills. With engines or horse powera. 
HtroiiK, simple ami durable. Any mechanic caa 
operate them easily. S«'nd for catalog. 

WILLIAMS DK08., Ithaca, R. T. 


DIPPLEY'S '::-::?,« 


wi I ) mnk *;.'» bu«ti#l* of f'"! in 3 boon. 
b«ftt v»ti>rfn vt'ick t&nki 'A''') f<^t %*%J 
^lilbifteilatry, h'>#ftn>l poultry bMM* 
Ma<l«of boiler •U«l; eM't \-\--w up; «o 
l!..rMon)itorI«.%k. I'HKlS $'•'■) To 

BmwilM. Fndoned by EB(«riiMBt 

Boi i!44 <;rftfl«n, til. 

WHFN' ""*' P" '"'"'- 

— ^^^— 11 r e I I K l> I f 
I IKKAKM. oiirslsllmt 
kliiil. atul ue iiitikt- a 
line of 


From #tt.OO tu #ir>0.00 


Vnm 4i*.50 to «<tf.»0 


Prom #1(.&0 to #oO.OO 

Nenrlv evrrv (lpnl«>r In Htxirtliiii 'JiKxls 
haiulli-s our M KKA W.Ms. Montiu- 
oept H siiliHlltutf, l>iit uii a 
"sTK\ l,N.s." 

NK:SII I-OR Ol'R 12M.|>ACE catalou 






• ^f t' ^' < j» > ^^ ■'W ' 


Thh Practicat. Farmer 


•Tjiniiarv 3. 1 0015. 

Ati I <j^' '"*",.'" '"'''"'■ »•'' '••lltorlHl oharKe of 
lo It, BhoulU l>e N«>iit to hliu lit I,» .Mille N V " • 

Talks on Timely Topics. 

Hotbod Soil.— Don't forset that early 
IM'XJ Spiiiii;, |.n.s.«;il)ly lonj< licfon' the 
Ktoiirnl tluiws open, you will nccti soihh 
soil for your hotlx-ds and cold franie.s. 
It not sfomi up lif'fojo the mil lold of 
the VVintrr is upon it, you may find it 
a hard jol. to hunt it up. or dig it up 
with pick, shovel and blasting powder 
when you come to need it. Somebody 
says; "Store your hotbed soil now iii 
some place where you can get it when 
required. Freezing, of course, will not 
injure it; on the contrary, it will benefit 
It. but pile it up in <onioal shape and , 
eoyer it with any kind of litter, so vou i 
will not need to (luanv it out when 
wanted. Any dry place will answer, and 
It will sav.- much time in getting the 
early hotbeds ready for us^. When 
hanflling it over.- mi.K in at least one 
quart of air-sla.ked lime to the bushel 
of 8011. S»c that it is mixed in thor- 
oughly, and the condition of the soil 
will be very greatly iniprove<l. if farm- 
ers and gardeners only knew the bene- 
hts of lime i„ tiifir soils, there would 
be carloads of it used where now there 
are not bushels used. It will correct 
the acidity, and destroy insects and 
tungus di.seases and the hotbed soil will 
be very greatly benefited." 

The selection of soils should be made 
With a view of meeting the require- 
ments of the particular crop you wish 
to raise. If you intend to raise onion 
plants, a few inches of dear sand rest- 
ing on a layer of old compost, for in- 
stance, from last year's hotheds or 
scrapings fresh from tlie barnvard 'will 
answei-. For .abbage plants 1 would 
prefer an ordinary < lay garden loam 
with a lair percentage of lime mixed in 
lor starting tomato plants I would want 
a nice fibrous loam, while for the later 
stages of these plants I would want the 
soil of only medium richness In order to 
avoid over stimulation and excessive 
Kucculency of the plants. For egg plants 
you .an hardly have the soil too rich 
and flbrou.s. etc. H„t the advice to mix 
some lime with the other soils, is good 
and .safe ju a general way 

Vegetables Under Cloth.-It was per- 

thir'l'Vn.' H^'""/ ""•''' "^ expectation 
that I and others tested the new plan of 

growing vegetables under a .-loth tent 
-My own trials were not extensive it i.s 
true; celery was the particular' crop 
grown under cloth, and this only under 
a simple cloth covered frame in A-shape 
the ends being loft open, besides a lot 
oi lettuce grown In a common cold 
frame covered with cheese cloth. The 
lettuce was a disappointment. It was 
not equal by a good <ieal to the lettuce 
grown under or later on in open 
ground. The celery under the cloth cov- 
ering grew faster, larger than in open 
but it was by no means exempt from' 
blight attacks as I had hoped. Alto- 
gether the results were disappointing. 
It is roporte,l that a gardener of Hart- 
ford Co.. Conn., plante.l cu.umbehs and 
melons in his tent. He obtained 
a good growth of vine, and that was 
aoout all. The «iicumbers blossomed- 
Som'. grew one-half or three-quarters of 
an inch long and then shrlvele.l up. 
itils might have been due to the flow- 
ers not being FJollenized in the natural 
way through the agency of bees. When 
the doors of the t?nt were opened the 
bees cam- In freely, and after that some 
cucumbers grew large enough for small 
pickles. Strawberries are said to have 
been grown under cloth on I.oiig Island 
with great success, the fruit maturing 
two weeks earlier than In th^ open Hut 
bees must be allowed free entrance 
feome wild dandelions along the edges 
Just Inside the tent made an enormous 
growth. It appears that the cloth used 
for covering Is good only for one season 
VVben there is a fair breeze stirring 
there is not mudj diflerence between 
temperature inside and oat.<«Ide. On a 
still day it Is different. A tent will af- 
ford prote< tion from an ordinary white 
Irost. but not from a heavy frost. 

Another Hartford eounly toba<fo 
grower planted ( ucumber.s. watermelons 
and tomatoes under su< h a tent. The 
vines grew better inside than outside 
but yielded hardly any fruit and the, 
'little that set .shriveled up. The tomato 
vines grew large, but the fruit that set I 
and ripened was xt^ry small, due. prob I 
ably, to the absence of bee<4. etc Still 
another s^rdertr of that same vklnlty 

reports that tlic do.h tent did not i)ro- 
tect melon and other viaes grown under 
it from mihk-w. The consensus of 
opinion of most jieople who have thus 
far given in their reports seems to be 
that fruits and vegetables can be raised 
to just as good advantage in open 
ground, with equal care, as under cloth. 
All this I regret to hear. I have had 
hopes for great resulto from the new 
J»lan. Hut these reptirts are interesting 
to many of us just at this time, in view 
of the fact that some genius otTers a con- 
trivance consisting of a hood of muslin 
supported by a cross of wires fastened 
to a sheet iron ring, and promises won- 
derful results from its use as a minia- 
ture "hotbed." The contrivance, un- ' 
doubtedly, will be of great service as a 
protector for small plants, vines, etc. 
against insect attacks and possibly from 
111 effects of a very light frost, but that 
18 about all that can rea^onablv be ex- 
pected from it. 

.vears old wiU now be cut off at the sur- 
face ot the ground as usual and have a 
mound of placed over the 
stump, and will make a great show 
again next Summer. The sweet bush 
honeysuckle is breaking into bloom and 
fragrance. This is Lonlcera Fragran- 
tissima. and being perfectly hardy. It 
should have a place more commonly 
in the Northern shrubbery. We have 
two varieties of our native Calllearpa. 
the typical one with clusters of purple 
berries and a white one. Both are now 
very handsome In the shrubbery, and I 
MIeve are hardy enough anywhere, 
rhe purple berried form grows plenti- 
fully along our roadsides, but the white 
we believe, Is a garden variety. 



Notes from a Carolina Garden. 

It is rather curious to ro e the various ' 
habits of different markets. In New ' 
\oik and Philadelphia no lettuce will: 
soil but the cabbage headed tvpe like * 
th.' Big Boston, while from Pittsburg 
westward they do not want these, but 
do want the curly varieties like the 
(Jraiid Rapids. And we think the West- 
ern people have the best taste in the 
matter, for the Big Boston Is to our 
taste about the poorest of lettuce We 
are now (Dec. 8th) eating the finest of 
white, crisp lettuce from the open gar- 
den. This is Maule's Improved Hanson 
and the Wonderful. We are selling the 
Big Boston the market wants 
It, but we do not care to eat It when we 
• an get the others. The two lettuces 
named both make exceedingly firm 
heads, but have a wide spread of outer 
leaves that requires wider planting 
1 hey are also less liable to the stem rot 
than the Big Bo.ston. and in quality are 
as far ahead of the Big Bo.ston as' It Is 
possible for lettuc e to be. It has alwavs 
been a matter of to me that 
there is so little attention paid to the 
family garden in Winter in the South 
Nine out of ten gardens now have noth- 
ing in them except perhaps some turnips 
and long legged collards. while it is 
•^asy in this sunny climate to have 
plenty of the hardier vegetables all 
Winter without even protection of glass 
We are now getting from the open 
ground fine young onions, excellent 
• risp radishes, spinach and lettuce as 
well as turnips. Our early cabbages will 
i)e set in a few days on a north slope to 
protect them from the morning sun 
when frozen. As we have good strong 
p ants we expect to get good results, 
btrawberry plants live better here when 
set in December than at any other time 
and we are getting at them now. We 
will discard a number of varieties we 
have proved worthless here and will 
try some of the newer ones. 

In the flower garden the Paper White 
narcissus bulbs are blooming, and the 
Konian hyacinths have their flower 
spikes well above ground and will prob- 
ably have flowers open by Christmas 
•lay. \ loiets are showing few flowers 
now. but will commence again when the 
sun begins to climb northward again 

xJu: ,1 n^"". *'''"*'''^" "^'^ prefer the 
\Vhit^e Italian hyacinths to the Romans 
as they make larger spikes and come 
later so that the flowers do not get 
nipped by sudden frf^ezes as the Romans 
are apt to be. So far Winter has touched 
us lightly. The geraniums are 
hardly injured at all, and the zonals are 
?<.'orched but not killed. The naked 
Howering jessamine. .lasminum Nudi- 
fiorum. is gay with its yellow flowers 
but the famous yellow jessamine of the 
South. wh|<h festoons the trees along 
the roadside hi many places, will not 
be n bloom till early March. Camelias 
I and Chinese azaleas are full of buds 
land promise a great bloom later. Plum- 
,bago (apensis proves to be a reliable 
[hardy herbaceous plant here starting 
,trom the root.s in Spring and blooming 
profusely the whole .season. 1 have 
{plants that have been In the open 
I ground through two hard Winters and 
have barely stopped blooming now 
Justicia Velutina has also survived in 
the open ground in a sheltered pia, e 
j and made a big dump gay with bloom 
j all Summer. The big Erythrina Crista 
l^^alM in a neighbor's lawn, now over L'o 

Keeping Plants in Cellars. 
Meeting a reader of the P. F lately 

. hL^^^'Tf^ ^ ^^"''•^ t° »>« informed 
ow best to treat an assortment of pot 
Plants, such as geraniums, fuchsias, hy- 
drangeas, lemons, oleanders and the 
like which, for want of better facilities 
[ ne had to accommodate in his cellar I 
gave him what information I could" at 
, the same time it occurred to me that 
, many others besides him would be glad 
01 a few hints on the subject. Many 
years ago I had charge of such a cellai^ 
, and managed to bring the plants through 
in fair condition. Usually there Is too 
much moisture present, but where ven- 
, tUatlon Is easily obtained no great harm 
,need t^me from this cause. In mixed 
collections of plants much care is 
: required because some need a fair 
share of water all the time, while others 
require next to none. In the list men- 
tioned above, for example, the hvdran- 
Kpa, geranium and fuchsia must be 
given barely enough to keep them from 
dying, rhey need be as near dormant 
as po.sslble. as the least moisture sets 
them growing, even in a very low tem- 
perature. Kept so the wood does not 
shrivel is sufficient, a little water being 
given towards Spring, when the time is 
close for bringing them up from Winter 
quarters. Leafy plants, such as the ole- 

Frw I*«-o|>]t- Kuonr How li.efMl It U In 
l*rr»ei vtug Health «u<l Beauty. 

Nearly everybody knows that char- 
coal is the safest and most efficient dis- 
infectant and purifier in nature. Lut few 
realize its value when taken into the 
human system for the same cleansing 
purpose. * 

Charcoal is a remedy that the more 
.vou take of it the better; it is not a 
drug at all, but simply absorbs the 
gases and impurities always present in 
the stomach and intestines and carries 
them out of the system. 

Charcoal sweetens the breath after 
smoking, drinking or after eating 
onions and other odorous vegetables 

Charcoal effectually clears and im- 
fLT^ ^f^, complexion, it whitens the 
, teeth and further acts as a natural and 
eminently safe cathartic. 

It absorbs the injurious gases which 
collect in the stomach and bowels it 
disinfects the mouth and throat from 
the poison of catarrh 
fn^l^ ^''"ggists sell charcoal in one 
form or another, but probably the best 
charcoal and the most for the monev Is 
in Stuarts Absorbent Lozenges; thev 
are composed of the finest powdered 
Willow charcoal, and other harmless 
antiseptics in tablet form or rather in 
the form of large, pleasant tasting 
hlfnp^^^' ^^'ircoal being mixed with 

The daily use of these lozenges will 
soon tell ,n a much improved condition 
of the general health, better complexion 
sweeter breath and purer blood and thfi 
beauty of it is. that no possible harm 
can result from their continued use 
but on the contrary, great benefit. 
tht, Jl^"" physician in speaking of 
S^Lr!"«^"'r.°' charcoal, says; "I advise 
Stuarts Absorbent Lozenges to all 
patients suffering from gas in stomach 
, and bowels, and to clear the complexion 

I hroat; 1 also believe the liver is great- 
, y benefited by the daily use of them 
j they cost but twenty-five cents a box ai 
, drug stores, and although in some sense 
I a patent preparation, yet I believe I get 
more and better charcoal in Stuart's Ab- 
IfunoT^ Lozenges than in any of the or- 
; dinary charcoal tablets." 

/5^»#l^^»«**!<'t run down, even h 
%^€ma W%g9 ',hey do not die. Hood 


Farm Calf Scour Cure 
and Digestive Powder, 
used in connection, cure 
scours promptly ; keep 
calves from shrinking. 

« and t.i.w. Sent to any 
railroad exprett point in 
U.S.. 24c. extra. C. 1. Uooo 
A Co.. Lowell, Macs. 



Z. .Neh«r.>.ee«l Orov, ,r. Bo^ ei .L,,ton. M». 



bc.n l.y Teit-7S Yews 

, . Niiriiery 


Yot^r Garden 

will be better and more easily 
and cheai>ly made if you but use 
the i)roi)er tools. For sowing all 
Farden seeds in drills, dropi)ing 
-m hill.s, hoeing, cultivating ai.d 
plowing— five distinct operations 
—vou need but one tool. It's our 
"'•»"«« Jr." No. 4 Combined 
Urill, as shown in the cut below. 
It sows accurately in drills— no 
skips, or drojjs the seed in hills 
•*, 6, 8, 12 or 24 inches apart. It 
not onlv saves seed, time and 
back-ache but it also saves land 
''.y. puling every seed at the 
right place, right distance, right 

depth and in dose, straight rows. 
I hrows dirt to or from rows, open* fur- 
rows for pLintins. cultivates deep or shal- 
low and will kill weeds as fast as you can 
walk. 1 1 only takes a Uttle time after each 
rain to run over your garden and break 
up the hard crust. That leaves a mulch 
or blanket of fine earth on top. That saves 
the icoisture in the soil for plant use 
I Hat makes a successful gardea in the 
Uryest weather. 

ln!!5u '"•''.• o."" '*.^«»»«» wding and cultlvifing 
l^S '"?.':• '?'-';""''l« l'l»'n »n.l c.mwne.i SmH 
So*rrs. « l,Ml H.^s. Har.U Cultlvit.,,,. W.lkinJ 
tultlvMor. tnd One and Two Ho«« Riding Cultl- 
vitort.S|«,l»lSni'ar Beet loi.U. etc. Our 
new KKH caulogue it lust publUhed 
It cuntan. over inO Illustration* 
with full description* and priie*. 
It iost» yuu n. .thing and »lll 
make you money. Write for It. 

8. I. AILEir ft CO. 
Fhlladelphia, Pa. 


^ si^lX 

SIM JOSE SCALE T" ■?.- .°*1".t. '?.«*«• «>«> 

Jnniro tiood. 939 x 

^rolle.1 with Cauitie JPot'. 
i^nd for rlrtulara 
Front «t.. Phll«.. i»«. 


T,. . , ^^♦'cond crop 
2. M. I.. J KFKBE C. 

OYSTER SHEILS r^"" V ,"" ^^'^^y, fr..h 

lOOIh bairiTaS. il^ S'^'^''"'" li*'tiniurofaito 

• from LSaltimure fai't'orr In 


^anfleld Coop Co., 84 Mam St., Bath. N. V, 

'rest small fruits. I 

*ilen L. Wood, Whol»sale Grower, Rochetter.N.Y.I 

|6,ooo c:?);t;::,.FREE! 

WM. H. COHEN & CO.. 



C-oaau«ion Mt^rekaate.' 

£» WasUlUKton street. New York. 






_ OHiiie. I Poultry. ■ 

_<^iln»5og. _J~Ho^Hoii8eJl^m^J" 



Hut.h.v.ri Ifilil- ,.<k., .•iii,;,,i. -t. 

nio.» Jursl.!,., ,|,..„t„.,t Ur.i >.lu., 

hutchrr Muii<-\ l.u.'k If um ii.^,. 

Urvly ii'.repre,fnt.,). H-epay/riiaht 

JjJjjJlJjJ^jJj^iilncfi^I n. 




for" ( 

when the bona l.v. Keep them 
lavlriR. I-or liat<lilntr and l>ro«d- 
Inif ii»e the l^eat reoaoiiuijle priced 
ItK'Uhatura iind Hri>..,len< — l.iillt 
upon honor, boW .i,„,„ t:„«r«ntfC. 


L. A. BantM, LI(onler, Indlaaa 


January 3, 1903. 

The Practicaiv F^armer 

ander, need a little water; so do such | 
deciduous ones as pomegranate, crepe ; 
myrtle and other things which have to ''■ 
be housed in the North. Century plants 
need no water, or next to none. The 
moisture in the ccilar seems sufficient 
for them; and too much moisture with ; 
a low temperature will sometimes re- 1 
suit in the rotting of them. Give air ; 
whenever the outside temperature will j 
admit; and light is good all the time, as ^ 
much as can be admitted. Many plants j 
desiring more heat than a cellar affords; 
can be brought through a Winter safely 
in such a place if kept rather dry. The 
low temperature will be borne when un- 
accompanied with moisture. Towards 
Spring, fuchsias and geraniums may be 
pruned in closely if bushy plants are re- 
quired. In any case both are the better 
for a good cutting back. Hydrangeas 
must not be cut back at all, or much of 
the flowering wood will be destroyed. 
The time to prune hydrangeas is when 
the flowering is over, in Summer.- The 
new shoots made later are the ones 
which give flowers the following season. 
^ ♦» 

Horticultural Notes. 

RaMpberrioN. — While It mnv 1>«> true that 
Loudon is 'tlK- finest red rasph'rry." and 
that the Miller "is crenlini; a fur«')re." as 
some advertisements have it. there Is n<^ 
doubt that the red ra.-.pberrv for all pur- 
poses it) the Cuthbon. It is the best all 
around variety there is. 

SiiporHeded. — Florists snv that smilax. 
which used to be prrown In inr>:e lots bv them 
for use In cut flower work. Is now "almost 
superseded by the Asparaiins I'lumosus. the 
snrays of which are liuer and more maeeful 
than the smilax. 

Spirnen Japonicn. or Astllbe .laponica. 
as some catalogues have It. Is not onlv a love- 
ly border plant, but is a very useful one for 
fotvliig in pots In Winter. It Is tpiite usual 
lo Iind It In florists' windows in the Winter 
season. Its whife tlower.s are produced 
in clustered spikes. 

The C'oinmoii Lilne Is now often grafted 
on the Callfornian privet to get up a stork 
•pilckly. These plants flower at a younger 
age than those on their own roots, therefore 
making good sub.jects for forcing in pots, for 
which purpose florists are using them. 

Shade Tree. - Fop a permanent shade 
tree near a dwelling there Is nothing better 
than a .Norway Mnple. While not as tall a 
grower as some trees, if fnrins a spreading, 
round-headed outline and soon gives a 
good shade. 

\ot JnNtiflod.— The reputation the yew 
lias for producing poisonous berries Is 'not 
justified. Hushes nt^wY hde produce fruit 
and chldren eat them with no ill eflfecm at 
all. In Furope it Is claimed Its partly dried 
branches poisonous to cattle. 

. ^*i!* <'*P«rt«n*nt •■ under the eitltortal charite of 
A. K Hunter. AH letters. Inquiries hiiiI reuuesta 
BtiouUl l)e ad.lressed to lilm at the I'ractlcal Farmer 
office. P. O. Hox 1317, rbiludelpbia. 

done — one can imagine the state of mat- 
ters. Verily the antagonistic 'advice' 
on» gets from practical poultrymen 
those days is astonishing' Some six 
years ago I rommoncod kpoping pure 
bred poultry in conjunction with gen- 
eral farming, and, thanks to tlie aid of 
your writings, 1 liavc bofii successful. 
Common st'nsc and dost' observation 
tells me that the droppings board is the 
thing in the Southern poultry iiousp. * * 
There is no one < lass in the rnitori 
States. I flrmly holievp, that can more 
easily augment their income than the 
general farmer, and that by systematic 
poultry keeping. I write from experi- 
ence. " Thanks for the endorsement of 
the P. F. Poultry Column, thanks for 
the endorsement of thoroughbred poul- 
try, and greatest thanks for the strong 
endorsement of systematic poultry keep- 
ing for the general farmer. You are 
certainly right in emphasizing the splen- 
did oi)portunity there is for farmers to 
increase their cash income by poultry 
keeping, and it is wonderfully strange 
(or seems so to me), that farmers so 
l)ersistently ignore this opportunity. 
There is no product of the farm more 
l.opular in the market than eggs and 
dressed poultry; they command Instant 
sale, for cash, all the year around; they 
are easy to transport to market; in 
short, every advantage that we can rea- 
sonably ask for is found in poultry keep- 
ing. Why do not more P. F. readers 
"eagily augment their incomes" by keep- 
ing better poultry and more of it? The 
demand for poultry products is 
constantly and steatlily increasing, 
and increasing more rapidly than 
the supply; and a surprising thing 
is that in New England, the cen- 
tre of greatest poultry activity, there \ 
is the greatest demand for poultry pro- ' 
ducts. The one State of Massachusetts | 
buys ten million dollars' worth of poul- \ 
try products every year, from outside ' 
the State. Why will not P. F. readers | 
increase their poultry product, help sup- 
ply this great demand and pocket a 
.share of those dollars? We all want to 
increase our incomes; here is the branch 
of farm work by which we can most ' 
easily do it! I 

The Right Thing. 

A New Catarrh Cure, which is Rapid- 
ly Coming to the Front. 

For several years. Eucalyptol Guaia- 
col and Hydrastin have ix'^n recognized 
a.s standard remedies for catarrhal trou,- 
bles. iuit they iiave always l)e<'n gi>*n 
separately and only vory recentl ' 


Poultry ftueries 

White Chickens and Hawks.— "Wire ' ^Vest 9th street. New York City, writes: 
Fencing. — Eugene "' - • •• •' •• « 

ingenious chemist succeeded in 

ing them, together with other 

tics into a plea.sant. effective tablet. 

I Druggists sell the remedy under the 

name of Stuart's Catarrh Tablets and it 

I has met with remarkable success in the 

I cure of nasal catarrh, bronchial and 

throat catarrh and in catarrh of the 


Mr. F. N. Benton, whose address is 
care of Clark House, Troy, N. Y.. says: 
"When 1 run up against anything that 
is good 1 like to tell people of it. I have 
been troubled with catarrh more or less 
for some time. Last winter more than 
ever. Tried several so-called cures, but 
did not get any benefit from them. 
About six weeks ago I bought a .'>0-cent 
box of Stuart's Catarrh Tablets and 
am glad to say that they have done won- 
ders for me and 1 do not hesitate to let 
all my friends know that Stuart's 
Catarrh tablets are the right thing." 
Mr. G>o. .1. Casanova of Hotel Griffon; 

The Care of the Droppings. Profit 
from Poultry Keeping. 

An interesting letter from .John P. 
Bowie, Esq., Washington. N. C. encloses 
an article clipped from the poultry col- 
umn of the Country Gentleman a few 
weeks ago and asks that we criticise it. 
The article claims that "droppings 
boards are folly, " that cleaning them is 
"slavery." and recommends that a box 
be set under the roosts and that buck- 
wheat hulls, sifted coal ashes, chaff or 
very dry sawdust in the box catch the 
droppings and an occasional stirring up 
of the material and droppings does the 
business. Cleaning the houses once In 
three or four months Is all that is neces- 
sary, and the man wrote that the stuff 
he had cleaned out of his houses at the 
end of four months "was odorless, and 
dry enough to fly in the wind twenty 
feet as he sowed it on a wheat fleld " 
We -read the article at time it appeared 
and "smiled" at it as one of the vagaries 
that are permitted to get into print now 
and then, even in the best regulated of 
papers. The last clause quoted is 
enough to condemn the practice, as 
much of the value of the droppings had 
most certainly evaporated in that "dry- 
ing," and the ammonia had passed off 
into the air to poison it. We won't 
waste space upon the article, but we do 
want to quote some of Mr. Bowie's let- 
ter. He writes: "Such a system of 
manipulating the poultry droppings may 
be admissible in the more Northern 
States, but I am very sure that even 
here In Eastern North Carolina Mr. 
Chapman would not tolerate it two con- 
secutive weeks. Does Mr C. mean to 
say that the, as emptied from 
his l)oxes, with buckwheat hulls, etc 
were sufllciently pulverized to sow right 
onto the land? Experience tells me they 
could not have been. Suppose the filthy 
mass in those boxes not stirred up foV 
even two days— as Mr. C. savs must be 

Oaks, Cordz. Mo.. 

writes: "I am going to establish a poul- 
try ranch and am intending to handle 
one of the varieties of Wyandottes. 
Would like to handle the Whites, but 
think that they would be more in dan- 
ger of hawks, as 1 live on a farm. What 
material difference is there between the 
White and Silver Laced Wyandottes? 
Also, in building my lots I have used 
one 12-inch, one 10-inch and one 4-inch 
board at bottom of fence, as lumber is 
very cheap here. This makes the fence, 
including spaces between boards. .'{3 
inches. Wouldn't it be cheaper for me 
to use single strands of No. I'J wire to 
make it high enough, say a strand every 
six inches, than to buy poultry netting?" 
We very much doubt if a white chicken 
is any better target for a hawk than a 
parti-colored one. A hawk's eyes are i 
keen and he can see any color chicken ' 
a long distance off, and as the Silver ' 
Laced Wyandotte chicks are black and I 
white they would be practically as ac- 
cessible to hawks as the canary-colored 
White Wyandotte chicks. If the hawks 
bother you much spend a few hours 
lying in wait for them, in concealment, 
with a good gun in your hand. When 
you have shot two or three you will 
find they think your neighbors' chickens 
better than yours. You have made a 
mistake in putting your boards two or 
three Im hes apart; they should be 
close togt'ther to keep cocks from fight- 
ing through the cracks and to serve as 
a windiireak in windy weather. Your 
plan of single strands of wire six inches 
apart m.iy work, btit how can you keep 
the wire six in(;hes apart between posts? 
One strand will sag and leave a foot 
wide space, perhaps. As the fowls can- 
not see the wire the chances are they 
would flv against it and be thrown back, 
especially if you put the first four 
strands above the boards only three 
inches apart. Wire netting is so (com- 
paratively) inexpensive and lasts so 
well we wouldn't take chances on make- 
.shift substitutes; with good wire net- 
ting you've got a sure thing. There's 
not one particle of uncertainty about It. 

"I have commenced using Stuart's 
' Catarrh Tablets and already they have 
given me better results than any catarrh 
cure I have ever tried." 

A leading physician of Pittsburg ad- 
vises the use of Stuart's Catarrh Tab- 
lets in preference to any other treat- 
ment for catarrh of the head, throat or 

He (laims they are far superior to in- 
halers, salves, lotions or powder, and 
are much more convenient and pleasant 
to take and are .so harmless that little 
children take tii^m with benefit as they 
contain no opiate, cocaine or any poison- 
ous drugs. 

All druggists sell Stuarts Catarrh 
Tablets at no cents for full size package 
and they are probably the safest and 
most reliable cure for any form of 


ofallklnilN. Catalogue rrp«'. 

Sn .Harlirt Ml., Fhll>ilrl|>kl>. Pi. 

Death to Lice 


on hens anil chlckena. 
W paee B<mk Kn-e. 

Box .ir.:.A|iii(iimiiK.H.I. 

, hORB, calves, beann, 

UlBSSBQ rOUIiry hay, straw anj proluco sold on 

iMnsiKiiiiHiit. Prompt CMtih returns. Kslabll.shed 1814. 

OIBBH d£ BKO., lom. Mer«.. Pbllttda. 


turn for eurli 
for prices 


Pxcliisivi'ly. Vounp 
Irom prize winners. 

-iliTS. Satisfaction eiiiiriuito-il. . 

W^.COX, New WllmlMBton. 


ho Greidep Strains, 

nrt.v of thiiii, arc tirerl to malci! prizi- »liiiiii> 
\ery low iirlrvn on lilrilB iiml oifuH. i-oiisl.liMiii>r 

?iuality. I':i«K«"t 1»03 oaluloKue Hoiit pobtpald 
or 10 cents, write toilny. 


i"°|o^o*K«l«« POULTRY 

^ iBMfor ItMIJ. Ovi>r JiHI Inc.' |.i 

\it%\. h,„,k |.»|.er, wiih riii«r..|ore.l (.litci 
life. T-llih..w»o r»,vB .hi kens |.r..tii.J^fTlieir 
f i:«r». riiiea&rt »nd remrd'pi pjak-r out «|(lpiill <!•- 
»cripti"niofP„ultr)rii. .„,„,. All nlj^n»falj» 
llroridcrt, Tliori>u«hhr».l ^iu; w.lh lim,,» 
> price!.. ^ourantMliir.l^BjTwithoulit. Onl» 
1&0 C. e. SH0EMAK{AfV>>i&4Str««|>orMU. 

% I O-80 For 
I ^ 200 Egg 

Perffct In conitructlon and 
action. Ratcliracrer> fertlls 
egg. Writ* for caUlog to-day. 

OEO. M. STAHL. Qulncy. III. 


Bativfactliiti (Uftrftntr«<l ..r j..ur moDvy 
back, ^fod 1i>centf |.t«u<ft for f;r.-ai puuW 
try buuk juat Ivttuf ), riiiUhiiDj; raiuarW 
atlt KuaraDtce un.trr whirb we #^11. 
KcUablc IncobaUir A- BrooderQa., 
BoxB-'JS qalae/, Ul. 


More made-more so Id- 
more prizes won than 
ALL OTHERS comtJined. 
iiend for cataloeue-Just oui-fin- 
est ever issued. Mention inia paper 


t''iJ;?",.*''J["''"* "">' OTIMIKII8 
INCl RATOItH prnduce Letter re- 
si:lts than any othrrniarhinemailc The 
(rmrantee says tliry must nrycur money 
.illlj.vk. Writefor IHd pak'eIio<,k No. 
M, -How to ■ala Mai* j Hhh PoalIrT 
and lacnbaton. " l-ully covers tlie sub- 
ject. 10 cenu for postage j book free. 

CypKArs IrvcubeLtor CompaLny* 

Baftklo. >.Y. (hiraro, III. Bo.ton, Han. Nn. Tork.H.T. 



and more than douMe your 
tlT yield by feeJine cm ^een 
booe, the ereaicbt egjf proUucer. 



Is tuarantee.l m cut more bone. In len ; 
time and with .-ss 1 aK.r. than any otl.eT 
Money tacic If not perfectlr s'fi-i.e.l; i 

, n the h,|,,,rr: no LomplkateU sprinL-s , 
\ to uet out ol order. »'""fc»i 

Box 38, 

Jollet, Ills. 

Bi Di Bi 



ft. Tliimi J.. llriMl Iriiiii our Hit egi; strain Hlroiiic 
heHlthy. viiton.iit. nic Iv liarre,l, farm rai.sed atock.' 
Pullets r-'. •!. W. PAllKM.AUoona.Pa. 
Hneceasor to H. W. Cox. 


DON'T SET HENS *^' •*"* •<' 

~M t T, K....ral ll>7 l arul...»r <!... ^ 7$^ I'lTi.i 

rqu.l)j».l,.,, 0,.rl:!»....,l„„„ I„a,.p„„h,,»:f „,.^, 
kfo,>.ahMi. Ourl'a««<«-t«laralB.iliifriD,.n,..„,, Airroia 

I "'"■"' >'"T'''>"«.elllirril»I.BO«Ip»rinir.Ii..T«ii»rT CaUI.«IU 

tri.tii.'!.! about and taf Lire Komnlft mPi* If t.u «.lt« t..ia» 

All kinds of 
Jayno's Expectorant. 



!!!• New Regulator 

.on the ftiire liutrh I- r<i>liy aiito- 
niatlp and direct aitmi,- Kreatent 
imiirovcinent of year* hon't par 
doiiMf [irlcf for old Hty le iiiarhlnea. 
I'ift our liook and Irrc frini ofTcr. 

Clir C«nt*r, N«b.. or Columbui, Ohio. 


k:«ow\ for i.avin« iik>« R R R 

A>DC)HOfri>« 1-H1CKI» Vi Vi !«■ 

Boiled Beef and Bone 

DlfTers from all othPr poultry food. In that It la 
madefrom AIWOMTELY FHKsH .MAI KltlAI,. 
The Cattle and Hhwp lieiida. Llirhts. I.iv.ra ai.d 
Beef are cookfd. dried, Rroiin.l, lul^ied ami biiB«e»l, 
all within alz to ten hours from time of killing. 


cheaper than mi-at; aafcr than mpiii.ine: rich In al- 
bumen. It prevaiiia le/ w.-akn.M, bowH com- 
plaint, faathar eatlag and aMlttta in nioulilng. 

50 lbs., $1.25; lOO lbs., $2.25. 
Samples sent free. 


1* Wnrren %i., 
Wew VorU City. 

to send and gpt of Ma .»«•-. i i. a D ^^^^^^^^ 
k and pay. Open hopper. "■«U\I\ S LraiCSI tSoi\e LuttCrS '""••»'<<•' »'cns lar 
»Cut<i p-:i bone and gristle. TEN DAYS' PRFF TRt Ai m '•"«"«"««'<: 'eed. 

r«tistT.llhaf,ecut.easlerandUsterth..nany^h;rlsntthuS«T, .''**'• V No money until you're 
imaihineyounevcf iriedf m, m '""""'*""'"'>>"' t>>»n to pay cash I m aJvanc. f« 

F. W. MANN CO.. Box 14, MlUord. Mm.. 






The F^racticaIv Karivier 

January 3, 1903. 

January 3, 190;i. 

The Practicai. Karmer 


The Practical Farmen 

Published Weekly ty The Farmer Co. 

p. U. Box 1317 

S. E. Corner Market and J 8th Streets 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Kntered nt the PUltudelpblu poNt uiilce m eecond-clftsa 

PBOr. W. F. MAMHEY, £dltor. 

Philadelphia, January 3, 1903 

Horticultural Education. 

W'c havp received a cut showing the 
new building for the Uortioilturai De- 
partment at tlH- Missouri College of Ag- 
riculture. It seems to be an entirely 
new departure from the conventional 
(ollege Iniilding. and was evidently de- 
signed by one wiio iiad a just apprecia- 
tion of the fitness of things, for the 
building has a rural, cottage-like aspect 
that fully harmonizes with its purpose. 
In fart, it woulil seem that anyone com- 
ing upon it without iviiowing to what de- 
partment of the worl; it »)elonged. would 
at once .ont lude that it was the Horti- 
cultural Mullding. for it looks like just 
such a building as a horticulturist 

would design foi- smh a purpose. While 

large and handsome ar<hltecturally. It 1 Experiment Stations and Model 

an example of orchards in grass. The the purpose of demonstrating general 
orchard in Ohio whic^ one speaker said principles, and not for the production of 
was the best in the State, was planted crops for the market. If the salaries of 
in sod and never ./brked at all. We once the Station officers were made depen- 
planted an ap'/le orchard on a steep, dent on the sales of produce from the 
rocky liill whi'ie the feist rocks were so 'farm and garden it would simply change 
plenty thai plowing could not be done, a place intended for investigation into a 
The timber had lieen cut off and the soil farm or market garden. It might be a 
was fertile and soon sodded over with success as a farm or maiket garden, and 
grass. That orchard came into bearing a good object lesson to the neighl)orlng 
eaily and produced the finest fruit in farmers and gardeners, but it would not 
the neighborhood. It is generally con- ; be doing what it is intended to do, to In- 
ccded that the short-lived peach tree vestigate. Nevertheless there is a good 
should be cultivated clean during Its en- deal of common sense in what our 
tire life, and yet the longest lived and '. friend says. There is room in many 
most productive peach tree we ever Stations for some of this model farm 
knew stood in a blue grass sod on a and garden work, and while not leaving 
lawn, and the fruit was remarkable for | the investigation work to suffer, there 
beauty and frce<lom from curculio. It might be in nearly every Station object 
stood in oue corner of a small orchard i lessons in economical and profitable 
that was regularly cultivated. Hut tlie , farming and gardening that would be of 
lawn was extended and took in this tree, j vast use to the farmers of the State vis- 
That tree was producing the finest i Iting the place. Too little attention has 
peaches for years after all the rest in been given to this phase of the work, 

The Cream of the Bulletins. 

the cultivated ground had perished. If 
the soil is kept fertile and the grass is 
used for the benefit of the trees alone 
we had far rather have the orchard In 
sod than to have it cultivated, even If 
It cost less to do. 

is at the same time countryfled and 
homelike as contrasted with academic 
buildings generally. We wish that every 
College of Agriculture had such a build- 
ing as the home of its horticultural de- 


The EJditor of the Southern Ruralist 
has been visiting the Experiment Sta- 
tions in Georgia and Florida, and seems 
disposed to criticise them because they 
did not exhil)it products of the farm at 

partment. And yet we know of one 

State College of Agriculture, with over j the State Fairs o^ Georgia and Florida, 
a hundred students in the agricultural | The editor thinks that the Stations 
course, where horticulture is entirely ' would be improved if the salaries of the 
ignored, while horticulture is one of the | Station officers depended to some extent 
leading interests in the State, and prob- 1 on the sales of farm produce. Our friend 
ably the one that brings the most money j mistakes the of an Experiment 
Into it from any branch of soil culture. Station. A Station and a model farm 
And the college farm has no orchards, I are two entirely distinct things. It 
no small fruits and hardly anything in might be desirable as an object lesson 

tor some of the Stations to run part of 

their land as a model farm, but this Is 
gard to horticulture is like giving anl- { far from being the primary object of an 
mals an unbalanced ration, 'and the 1 Experiment Station. Grounds devoted 

building up of the horUcultural depart- ! to experimental purposes cannot in the ', sect pests, the pruning and planting of 
ment of a College of Agriculture can nature of things be models for the 'imi- j trees, etc. Some seats will be In the car 
hardly fail to aid the development of the tation of the farmers around. The ob- j so that at times a short stop can be 
general agricultural Interests. Missouri I Ject of the Station is to ascertain facts, ■ made and a meeting held in the car. In 
is looking after her growing fruit ' and this is often as well accomplished the placea where a full meeUng is to be 
interests. Some other States we by a total failure in a crop as by a sue- ' held the car will be unloaded and the 
could name have greater undeveloped cess. A StaUon may be located for in- ' material taken to the place of meeUng. 

the shape of a vegetable garden. Teach 
ing agriculture without anything In re- 

and In no other way could the attention 
of farmers be better directed to im- 
proved methods than to have them Illus- 
trated btfore them. Without leaving 
the other undone, this could be done in 
the majority of the Stations. 

Making Institutes More Useful. 

The Board of Agriculture of Missouri 
has made a new move to improve the 
Interest and usefulness of the Farmers' 
Institutes in that State. They propose 
to take along with the Institute lectur- 
ers an exhibition and demonstration 
car. When the meetings are in stock 
section they will take representatives of 
Improved breeds of cattle from the Col- 
lege herd and will hold a stock judging 
school. Where the dairy Is the more 
Important Industry the car will be 
equipped with dairy apparatus and will 
be a travelling dairy school. In the 
horticultural sections the car will have 
an outfit of spraying apparatus, fruits 
and trees, 'so as to give practical lessons 
on the prevention of diseases and in- 

United States Department of Agriculture. 
Office of lOxperimeut Stations. Cin iilur 41». 
Secondary Courses in Agriculture. A. <\ 
True. From the Seventh Ueport of the Coju- 
nilttee on Methods of Teaching Ajjrlcultnie. 
This Committee Is constltiUed l>y the .\msii- 
ciation of Ainericun AKricultnt'ul t'l>ll(•^;e^4 
und Kxperlment Stutiuns for the i)ur|Kise of 
InveNtlKUilug methods of education In UKrlcul- 
tuie and reporting suKgeKtlons In re|?ufd 
thereto. The present i)uraphlet is a Inilletlu 
from the Office of Kxj»eriment StuliouN. i-m- 
bodylug the suggestions of this Cumuilll<'e In 
regard to preparatory study In the high 
schools for admlssslon Into the ngrlciilturnl 
colleges, 'i'he suggestions ai-e of |i!nii<iihir 
value at this time, when the expfiinicnt Is 
heing trl"d In Alabama. Wisconsin and Cali- 
fornia to establish separate agrlculliirul high 
schools, which will offer the (•(inlvaltMil tu the 
manuul training or technical hi;;h sdioiils. 
which are already established In all the inln- 
cipal cities In the land. Such sdiools being 
lor all the people of the State, and luepara- 
tory lo llif real work of the colleges, should 
be a part of ihc public school system of tin' 
State, so that students from the primary 
schools I an go to them from their completing 
the lower courses. The high schools, us at 
present established In the cities and towns of 
the country, have uniformly neglected the 
studies that are essential to the beginning of 
a course In agriculture, und have thrown 
this prr'paratory work on the colleg)' and pre- 
vented their doing real college work during at 
least the first year of their course. Since 
su<'cessful agriculture Is essential to the pros- 
perity and well being of urban us well ah 
ruial <ommunltleK, there should be co-opera- 
tlnn b<'t\\ecn country districts, villages, cities 
and the States, to provide the means for the 
maintenance of agricultural in 
high schools. In most of the high schools al- 
ready existing, this need could be supplied by 
employment of a competent tea«her, and the 
agricultural course may be offered without 
any radical or violent reorganization of the 
existing programmes of' such schools. In 
general the average high sdiool course of 
study assumes that the student has had n 
number of years, generally eight, 'n a primary 
school, where he has learned the elementary 
ICngllsh branches, geography, arithmetic, etc. 
All that Is needed in the high school Is to 
ilevote more time to the natural sciences and 
less to languages. The agricultural lustruc- 
tlim should embrace general principles In re- 
gard to climate, soils, fertlll/ers, plant life 
and Its varieties, culture, harvesting, preser- 
vation and uses and the enemies of farm 
crops, the principles of breeding animals, the 
methods of modern dairying, construction of 
farm buildings, surveying, water supply in 
the co\intry. Irrigation and drainage and the 
history of agrh'uliure. A series of courses 
of stu<l.v are suggested ct»verlng four years. 
We think this would defeat the whole plan 
and compfd the high schoid to do what thi' 
colleges should do. The high school that 

frnl7 an7earden interests and are do- 1 stance In a section of the State poorly This Is certainly a move In the right I '"««»"t prepare the student in agriculture In 
iruii anu saiucu , ,. . . , , i. ». ^i « * i_ _ „ t..^ .......< one or two vears to take up serious collen** 

ing nothing for them. A young man I adapted to all fruits that may be grown direction. Object lessons are far more I ^^^^ ^^^j, ^ ^ ^^,,^^_^ ^^^ ^,^^ ^^^^^ ^^ ^^^^ 

goes to an Agricultural College from a with su( cess in some other part of the useful than lectures, and the average ,,„,.,. j,,,,^ ,„ ,,„.^p ,,gy^ j,,,,,,^ ,„^„ ,.^^^,1 

section where market gardening or fruit State. The Station, however, plants all farmer is much better impressed by spend four years In j.reparlng for another 

..rowine is the leading Interest, and he ' these fruits and endeavors to learn if what he sees than by what he hears and f-'r .vear course, and the suggestions of the 

growing IS luc icauiuB inv ,,.-,,, #.11^ ...Ml K« <.,*»..«a»a^ 1 „ ! < Omml 1 1 cc seem to offer courses that would 

naturally wants to have something in there is any reason for the failure of soon forgets. He will be interested In : ^.^^^^^^^^ ^^^ ,^ ,^,^j^ ^^^^^^^, ^^^ ,^ ^^^,,^, ^,^^^^,^^^^,^, 
regard to these to be Included in his certain fruits in the section that can be the exhibition of these things that par- 1 j,^^ agricultural training. The real use for 
ourse of study and Is surpri.sed when overcome. It may find after years of ticularly concern his specialty, and will such schools it would seem win he to put th* 
L r^nrhpmhe" college to flnti that there cultivation that certain fruits cannot be not forget what he sees and handles, preparatory work in agrl. ulture on the same 
L Thonlculture taught. But this Is grown there because of .llmatlc condl- while the spoken lecture often leaves no .'I;;-;;; «;„•- X'"r:^nt'^*:i:'^i;a:'';r.d 
the case in one or more of the Coileges tlons that cannot be overcome. Our permanent Impression. The school on ; ,,„.„„^,, ,,„. ,„.|m„ry wh.mis and come to a 
f Aericulture I friend then would wonder that the Sta- wheels Is a good idea and we would like high school should not need n four-year 

tion should not exhibit fruits of that to see it carried out more fully. One of j course to prepare him for <olieKe in any Hue 
Ui„.l «h.n ,ho.v are exhibUeO tro„, other ' th. ..os. „»f„l things «e have „ot„ed ; ■•;, -'H'^ ,X" l^ft:,,:" .T,::Z;:Z 
For thirty years or more we have been sections of the State more favorably , was the plan adopted several years ago jj,,^, ,,„,,,n^ „ ,„,„ He,.„ndary schools In- 
inslstlng that after one has developed | situated as to climate and soil. • But the by one of the trunk lines of railroad j „tead of making the secondary schools merely 
in auDle orchard to a bearing size the I failure at the Station has simply deter- ! running' South. They had a whole train preparatory to the th..rough completion of a 
bentfhlng that ,an he done »Hh It U ; „„ned a fa„. that the eHmatU- .-ondl. ,o„ta,n.„g «.eam ro,k crushers and roll- 1 -;,;;«;";-,«'-;;;;, JlXl'^.L'!';,:; 
to keep It In grass. Not for the i tlons cannot be overcome there and that ers for illustrating road making, road ,^^. done in the secondary schools, if the 


Apples in Grass. 

grass or for any pasturago. but growers in that particular soil and cll- 
for the sake of the trees. Cut | mate should not waste time and money 
the grass several limes during the Sum- in the effort to grow things not suited 
mer and leave it on the ground as a ' to their i ondltlons. There is, it Is true 

mulch to the trees. We have never said 
that thU is any cheaper than cultiva- 
tion, but it is far better for the trees. 
We are glad, therefore, to note that at 
the Ohio State Institute it was shown 

a great difficulty in outdoor Investiga- 
tions in a single part of any State, for 
no Experiment Station can he located so ! always met by a crowd. One car was a 

scrapers for dirt roads, a canning outfit | H,,„]y of Bt.rlculture is to stop with the high 
with an expert canner to show how to ' school perhaiis the four-year <(>urse would be 
put up fruit and vegetables, plows, culti- 
vators and other things, and a corps of 
lecturers In attendance. Stops were ad- 
vertised weeks ahead and the train was 

that it will represent in its soil and cli- 
matic conditions every part of a larg*» 

by the experience of one leading grower ytate. The Station in Rhode Island, for 
that orchards properly kept in sod are ^ Instance, would fairly represent the 
far better than the average cultivated I whole State, but a single Station In 
orchard. But as soon as one talks about \ Pennsylvania cannot be representative 

orchards In sod someone refers at once 
to some neglected orchard they have 
known where the trees stood In so.l and 
all the grass was either cut for hay or 
pastured by stock, and brings up that as 

In its operations with crops in the open 
ground of all tlie varied conditions of 
soil and climate in so large a State. 
Hence the work In the open ground ex- 
periments at any Station are mainly for 

needed, but It seems lo us this would make 
the work necessarily superllclal from lack of 
the facilities for praitlcal work. The great 
value of a college training comes from the 
liandlllng of thintrs. the lalnnatory work 
whether In the < liemical nnil boinnl<al labora- 
toiies or the farm laboratories in barn, dairy 
and Held, and any attempt to make agrlcul- 
attempt was made to show how to grow L„,.a| ,.,|,„niion merely lK>ok study will be 
ornamental plants In window boxes, and ^certain to fail, us have the ;>reparatory 
the whole outside of the car was decor- 

<omplete dairy school, and in another an 

ated with these filled with plants. The 
writer of this lectured at a number of 
these meetings, and there was a greater 
( rowd otit than we ever could got at a 
regular State InPtlttite. The traveling 
school train should be the next move In 
the direction of Institute work. 

work In :iKrlculture, but let It stop at the pr**- 
parntbm. and let the college complete the 
work It Is designed to do. Such a <ourse Id 
the high schools as the committee suggest 
would (Inaliy empty the linlls of the rollegw 
and send n lot of theoretical men to certain 
failure In itraelbal fanning. We do not need 
any such high schools while we «lo need pre- 
paratory work In the elomeutary brancbttt b«- 
(or* tbe ttudaat comat to tb* collaff*. 








Our Business Corner 

S. E. Cor. M&rkct & iSth Sts., Philadelphia. 

HKNllY HARRIS, UuslnetM Muuaser. 

Special AdvrrtinliiK Repreaentatlv* 

H. K. Leltli, New York. 

This 1$ the LAST 

Numli - of the P. F. 

which many thousands of our sub- 
scribers will receive, as their sub- 
scriptions have expired. 

Every oue of these subscribers 
should send their renewal subHcrip- 
tious to-day, so as not to misa u 
siugle issuu uf our pai)er. 

Their names are already 

Cut Off our flailing List 

and we want th«m back. 

11 (^ 

1-2 @ 




1:7 Mj 






tieese, per lb 

Turkeys, per lb 


Receipts of ail des<'rli)tlons were moder- 
ate and the market ruled tirui. with a good 
demand, which cleaned up the offerings of 
desirable stock. 

Fowls, per lb 

t'hickens, per lb 

Turkeys, per lb 

Ducks, per lb 


Nearby fresh 

\Vesl(;rn, ( holce 

FKKSIl KKl ri>^.— 

Apples, per bbl 

drapes, per basket 

Cranberries, ,ler., per crate 
Crauberries. Cape Cod, bbl. 
Oranges, Jamaica, blil . . . . 
Oranges. I'la., per box.... 

The nuirket for while and sweet (lolatoes 
was (piiei, but ofTeiin),'s were moderate and 
prices rulerl steu<ly. ttulons were plentiful 
and dull at I'uiiuer rates. I*cuiiiud tor cab- 
bage was light and prices lower. 








DIetz No. 30 Search Light. 

jThls is the lantern to put in place In your stable, workshop and! 

'factorjMind with itsfitronp, clear, steailv flame and pnwcrful 131 

inch rellector, light the whole huiMinp. For carrviu^ and nil kinds 

ofnightwork.yuu will never be disaiipointed anil you are never | 

left In the dark when the wind blows if you buy 



DlstinKulHhod everywhpre for Itn Btronfr. ftcndy, white lliftit, Its ah^olutB 

iialotvuiid porfo> t convonlenoo. ItuniB !« liours tnoiip UUliiK. ItKlinuly 

Kiilo lover Ict.s \o\i llRht ami extiiik'ul^U without r.'movintr the 

_ (gloho. It la hanOKoiueand jUMt the ritrlit ulr.e. You'll know it an Hoonaa 

yonseelt. NumostumpecLim theoU|i.<t. Bee tliat yjU Kotitwltea 

jou buy. Writo us for frep lantern oacaloiruo. 

kCR. E. DIETZ COMPANY, 89 Caight St.,N©w York. 

fl^ U 

Election Contest. 
The official figures of the total vote 
cast for governor in New York, Pennsyl- 
vania ami Michigan last November are: 

New York 1 .:{89.71l!» 

Pennsylvania 1,094,714 

Michigan 402,220 



ilO«/C't/Lrt7^l/.. — Hungarian. Its Cul- 
ture, and Compared with Corn for 
the I'xtreme North. IIow Aiiply 

rertlU/.ers. — What Acid rhosphate 
is. - Wavs of (letting Humus. - 
IKulih IlluiH.- Klcveu HeuUhy Chil- 
dren. Stimulants; the Cool Hath 
and Drugs. - Dangerous I'llls fsetl 
Instead of Proper Food. 1 

QUE/Uh'S. Fertilizer Formula.— Keep- 
ing Sweet roiatoes.-- Corn Hreedlng. H 
Wood Ashes, etc. — Wants to (iet 
Out of the Old Kuta. — lirome Grass. 
— White Grubs. 3 

urn STOCK AM) n.ilRY. — Points to 
be Considered In the Economic Pro- 
duction of Ileef. 4 

VETKIllXARY. — Aborthm. — Feeding 
Mare and Colt. — Indigestion. — Acti- 
nomycosis. — Swelling. — Feeding 
Weaned Colt. r» 

•^MRDE.V.— Talks on Timely Topics. — 
Hotbed Soil. — Vegetables Under 
Cloth. — Notes from a Carolina Oar- 
don. C 

IIORTK'ULTURAL. — Keeping Plant* 

In Cellars. 

Horticultural Notes. 7 

POVLTRY.— The Care of the Droppings. 
Proflt from Poultry Keeping. — Poul- 
try Queries. — White Chickens and 
Hawks. 7 

£,7>/7 0/e/.l/..— Horticultural Education. 

— -Apples In Crass. — Kxperlment Sta- 
tions and Model Farms. — Making In- 
stitutes More T'seful. 8 

CREAM OF run HlLLETlSfi. 8 

f'OllMEHclAf.. J» 

JIOME CIRCLE.— Mmhfr'H Presence.— 
Kdltorlal Chat. --Child Culture.— Ad- 
vice lo Husbands. — Itasketry. H> 
la tbe Kitchen. 11 
.').'■>.'!. — IIow Did You Build Your Ice 
House, and IIow Has It Suc<e<>de<r.' 12 

SHORT errs HY /». /•'. sens. To 

Stretch Wire Kasllv. — I'se for Half 
Worn f)veralls. >Iendlng Harness. 

— Device for Handling Making Tins, 
etc. — Xeckvoke on Harness. -Stone 
Poat with Flack. To Stretch Rarbed 
Wire. — Good Dog Kennel. — To Hitch 
a Cow. - Pulling Out Old Posts. — 
Several I'ses of a Common Weed. — 
Movable Pig Pen Sweet Smelling 
Pillows-Pulling Cabbages.— Hlanch- 

Ing Celery, 1.^ 

I Esses. - How We Kill Pork. - 
Some of Our .Mistakes. — Italsing 
M.-ingeU and Sugar P.eets. - Cu- 
cumber Pickles. — • Frosting. — 
Short Corn. — Those Agents Again. 

— Watering the Leaves. — To Cure 
Wound Made by Nail. — Dealing with 
Agents. 14 

IXDEX. l.virt 


Philadelphia, Dec, 27, lt>02. 

The maiket ruled siendr under moderate 
offerings, but exporters had few oiders and 
demand from miliars was lii;ht. Kradsireet's 
estimated a decrease In the world's visible 
supply of ICCl.tMM) bushels. 

No. 2. red 7.T , ''» 7.T »4 

.No. 2. Penna. and Del 77 '^''n 77 ^ 


.No. 2. yellow R.l 


Oats were scarce and a sh.nde firmer, with 
a fair In<ndry. 

No. 2. white clipped 38 Vj 


Hest prints 30 

Firsts, creamery 27 'if 2W 

Seconds, creamery 2T fit 24 

Ladle packed 10 fi( 20 


Full cream, choice, smnll... ^r.u,f,T l:i% 

Full cream, fair to good... i-2\':i 13>4 

Part skims 9 u( 11 


Fowl", per lb lf*Vj'<f UV, 

Spring /.'hlck«>iia. ptr lb lo <ff 11 

Ducks, par lb 12 ^ 13 

White potatoes, I'a., per bu. <!.'» 

White potatoes. West., bu. . Tut 

Sweet potatoes. Jer., has... 2.") 

Cabbage, per ton 8.ttO 

Onions, pel- bbl 1.7."» 

Marrows. H. P.. per bu.... 1.7r> 
St'otch peas, per bu 1.7."» 


Tlmiithy. choice large bales. 17. •'•0 

Straw, strnighi rye 11.. "tO 

Straw, tangled . . .' 1 1. .'">»> 

Wheat 1»>.."><» 

Oat U.OO 


Mran. bulk. Winter. f»er ton. 18.00 

itran. sacked, .Spring 18.00 


.Middling upland ,. . 8 





III 5."» 

(U lo.oit 

((t 2.00 

f<i 2..".r. 

(fi 18.00 
(il ic.-.o 
(II 12.00 
(it 12.00 
(a. lU.oO 

(it 1S..-.0 
(II IS.'iO 


I (Quarter blood 

I (.'oarse 

L'NWASHKO (dark colored. I 


l''iue medium 

.Medium and (piarter 



Correcteii weekly by Coulbourn Jt Noble. 
Live Stock Commission Merchants, 2U:i4 Mar- 
ket at reel. 

Meef cattle alxiiit steady. 

Extra steers 

(fOod steers 

Medium steers 

Common steers 


Veal calves steady on best gra<les. 

4 »I/i/ 




Extra calves 

Fair to good 

Poor and common 

< irassers 

Hogs active. 

Fat hogs. Pa.. Del. k Ma.., 

Fat hogs. Western 


Sheep and lambs about stmdy. 

Sheep, extra wethers 4 (if 

Sheep, good 3Va''(i' 

.•^lieep. medium 2'/i'«fc 

Sheet), common 2 (<r 

Lambs 4 (di 

7 'ti 

6 « 




.New York, 

No. 2, red 

No. 1, Northern Duliith.... 


No. 2 

No. 2, white and yellow. . . . 


No. 2, white 

HAY — 

Prime. large bales. 100 lbs. . 


Creamery, extra 

Creamery, llrsts 

Creamery, seconds 

State dairy, tubs, fancy. . . . 


Fnll cream, small 

I'ull i-n-am. choice 

Light sklnis. small. <'holce.. 
Light skims, large, chtdce. . 

LIVE Pori.TRY - 

Spring chb'kens, per lb 

Ducks, per pair 

fleece, pep pair 

Fowls g 1 t" prime, per lb. 

Turkeys, per lb 

dressi:d pocltry — 

Siirliii; turkeys, per lb 

Spring chickens, per lb 

!<prlng >ree<e p.-r lb 

l''owls. i;oo.i to prime, per lb. 
Scpiabs, poor to prime, doz. . 


state nnd nearby 



Aftples, per bbl 

Cranberries, iii-r bbl 

Cranberrli'.<. p«'r crate 

Grapes, p<'r case 

Grapes, per has. , 

Oranges, Florida. pi>r box.. 

Potatoes. ,ler , per bbl. .,. 
Penna. & Western. IH0 lbs.. 

Sweet potatoes, per bbl 

Tomatoes. Fin., per carrier. 
Celery, Western, doz. btin . . 

Onloiis. per bbl 

<'atillflower«. per bbl 

Turnips, per bbl 

Spinach, per bbl 

Dec. 27. P.>02. 

70 Mi 



•;i Uj 


27 ''.f» 


i:\ ' 

11 ^-.(if 

11 •;'.* 


80 (Ti 
1..'0 III 

1 2 'V. 
14 *'.; 







1 .-.o 









11 li 







Washed fine J >elalne 

Washed nui#um 

W ashed lo* 

Washed colrse 

I'liwashed tiedliim — - 

Inwashed quarter blood 

I • • #-• « • 

21 '((22 



20/./ 27 

Nitrate of Soda for Ftrtilizinc. 

Seiiil for free text hook "How Money Crops Kee<l"io 
\V1M.I.\U M. UYKUS, ia P Jobn8t., New York. 

Roderick Lean 



Mutle liy f.V|>erience<l 
workmen I't speciiil iim- 
terlill. AckllKWi'il^eU hy 
furuiers suiierior lo all otlier^<. 

Sold on their Merits 

S|iike Touili llurrows 

Doom of Lump Jaw< 

You need never lose an animal or forfeit 
a cent of its valuo by reason of luinp jaw, 
Fleming's Lump Jaw Cure takes on every 
vestige of the lump. Boldom leaves a soar. 
Easy to ueo and harmless. 

Spavin Cured Mi;;.i;t. 

Ouo treatment is nsaalljr all that is re- 
quired to take off any spavin with Plein> 
Ing's Spavin Cure. No cost if it falls. 

»nt«toc)«jrf(ircirriil«rt.)n uijr or aH tb* >1>0T* NID»- 
diet. Stat* wM' Il . in ulari »r« wanlril. 

___ FLEMIMi RROIi., 
<<5 ralou Ntuvk Vartlii, 


Chicago, PI. 


iliJJ^SmlmmmJm t'"'t ^o thorough work. Trial 

I ^KIE. NlTIOKAl, DilliT lArillM'. CO.. Krwark, N. t. 



_ l'*ltriH*ry Surgteiu. 

■•"■-tlFe ALBANY, nbw tonic. 

The EMPIRE ci^;:[S,„, 

The FttM7 Ki-ntilnff Kind. 

will rlre ^MUt ••ilifvii'ii. niftk* y-M nor* 
L la ««j >0'l lut l<'n(>-r than tn; (ytb«r. Our 
V b*wk •t<o«i why. K*ti<t fur It. 

I Empire Cream Separator Co., 

' m-UOMFIELD. .\. J. 











3. no 



1 ..^o 








powerK. rfe. 


The best circular and Urnif 
■aw ntnclilnc-i ever inifonilie 
ina«i<et. SiroDB frnniep, t>ab- 
Mtl biixp^, bf'Ht Btecl bladt-K. 
the frifitriit (-lilting, fafesi und 
stronKi'st built. Also hois<' 
jp<)w<M(i. «iii>i. cntterti Uog 

Cobleakill. N. T. 

or sh">f« 
on Uvar. 

SflVe Pflint Rlllc instead of uMng Metal 

OaVC raiUl OUn RooIuib. which requires 

l>aintiiiK every 
two ycjri, use 
Arrow Hrand 

Kesdy Koolinf 
already sur- 
faced with gravel, and wliicli ^ceds no painting. 

8*PloeStreet.New York. samples. 

At Tree Agents Prices? 

WJiy not iavc fialf your money b» buying dlrwrt 
of iii, the grower* uf tre<«, plants ami rin'^'.'Ve tell 
Kruii and Drnaniental Tree.H, Mirul>s, Kumw, liulba 
anil Small Knilt |>liintK, at onr-liair ■cent*' prlrm. 
C'jrr.wtiondeiHP m.lliU d. lUustrat. doatalogu)>rr» . 
EsIablislHil 'i'l year*. :>«j air.'s, TbO.OOO Appl., 
i'rai'b an<l i brrry Trer. fur aalr. Nerret. or 
Frmlt tirowlng. i:*' plmtos, nmileU for lOccnt*. 

• eREEH'S NURSERY CO.. Rooheilar. N.T. 




and lU powlbUttlM Qn<1*r tht SUag* 

■vit^to— h*inj th« th»in« of ^^^ 


By Prof. r. W. WOLL ^ ^ 

rttlir ty of \S ifcormo. Km.. -I noJ up t»-d«l., M 
Iv iM.un.l liil.>» Tolgm-of IM pwrn. Ilenibrmc*. fulMBlor 
ii; .n trnm pl»ntln« to f.-rdln«lh. <rop,«od lof iBd*. worn lag 
uUimnl •(■.'-IrtniiT" lurbuil.lin.. .llillofc AJw •a>tme« 

I -SliifeCropa. Il-Slloe. 

Ill-SiUft. IV-Fe«)lnfofSni|k 

V XowparlMH of Sllitetndotbcr Feeds. 
VI -Tbe Silo In Modem Acrladlarc, 

And illuttriUoo* »rl r(impl»l» plvu for raood sad 

'-' — Itarti.. '-''' * — 

I r*ct»li|c 

iilo*. ilkiry 

|>ooude'l rstino*. r^ 

rtkrv., i»Drf« 01 oovi- 

M ailed far 10«. 

aaln ar atanpa. 

•ILVSR MFO. 00, 
Salami Ohlo« 



Il'rom COATES IlROS.l 
onto. rrsNA. a w. tirqi.nia rucKCB wannnn. 

XX and above 2iva31 

X 20.'«T2« 

.Medium 2S(R"') 

'htarter blood 28(fi3.i 

Common 25*226 

I'NWASHKD (llfht and bright. ) 
Fine ltC2I 


.±. __._ 



The PracticaIv Karmer 

January 3, 1903. 




The Home Circle* 

Edited by Velms Caldivpll Molvllle, Siin Pralrl*, 
WlH., tn whom all communiciitloiis relative to tills 
tfepartiDPnt should l>e uddn-itsed. 

Mother's Presence. 


Tlio boys cnmo roinpliiK in. 

Willi llnisf cniillKll to sinntiUT"* 
Til"' suund i>f liiiiKlilci' liiiid. 

And sll<>utlll^; culi, •WIu'ic's luother?" 

root- fat Iter, tired nnd worn. 

And fret led willi I lie In. l her, 
t'omes in m re-.;i awliile. 

And eai^er ask^. •'Wliere's inothor?" 

And mother, hiisy .all ilie day 

At tills, thai and I lie other. 
Sinu''. joyous that her presoiice chePI'S 

.And uliid tliut slie is ".Mother." 
J/((x, hill. 

Editorial Chat. 

Wo kIvc l)elo\v the |»rlzo artlclos nnd otir 
reasons for deriding upon them out of the 
luuny exc'llent ones submitted. The lirst 
tinf, 'Til lid Culture." touches upon, as the 
writer. M. .\. IM^erlon, I'ctoskey, Miohlgan. 
fuyn. a most important subject ; one too 
dee[) and mysterious for our jM-n, but one 
wlikb parents should study and ponder. 

You, brother or slHter. may today be walli- 
luR 'nenth a burden handed down from yotir 
grent. jji^'ai anecstor. It m.'iy be the 'family 
temper." or ilie family "nose;" it may be an 
Inborn propensity to get the better of your 
nelKlibor o;- n b.'ut for some other Immorality 
— love for strong; drink, or lewd assotiates. 
or gamin;;. What ihink yon, friends, of the 
nlniost daily newspupei- ni'eoiints of ministers 
of the gospel, or fair, •e.xemplary " women 
KolUK astray V Ho yon wag your head and 
si.;l» and wonder "what tlie world's a coming 
to';" I>o you declare peojile are waxing worse 
anfi worse ■.- Why no. they are not. Take 
the minister, for example. Ills father and 
Ills grandfather nn<l lii.s great grandfather for 
^renerations back, may have had the same 
t'Tidency. liut tliey were strong and wise 
eiu-ugh to resist yielding to temptation; but 
home sver.|-ness — (lossibl.v inherited from some 
other ancestor-- let all tlii.s dammed up bad- 
ness louse in Ibis man. and so he goes dowji. 

• 'r that inir»' woman, wiih all iter instincts, 
but one. normal nnd Cwdiy— that one handed 
down — ma> be skipping a generation or two- 
froiD some licentious ancestor, nnd It works 
Ler temporal, perhaps eternnl. ruin. All 
this Is u<»t theo-lzing : hard facts lie under- 
neath. We know a family where — let us 
we now. how Is It? Kvery other generation 
In the daughters all give birth to foolish 
children. Something hereditary here. 

Itetween heredity, whii-li reaches back for 
liund!-e<ls of years, and jire-natal Influeui'es, 
it is a \von<ler that the world is ns good as 
ll Is: and they make the birth of an Immortal 
tioul nn event so monstrous, so fraught with 
possibilities for weal or woe that it Is a 
vonder that <dd earth does not tremble. We 
read that the Tzar of Itussia Is being urged 
h,v his advisors to put away his lovely wife 
nnd tnl:e another because she bears him no 
male lieir to the throne. So. then, succession 
to an earthly throne Is of such Importance 
that the most grievous wrong under the sun 
Is considered Justifiable to secure It in the 
regular line. And yet what can be expected 
from such a <'hild'.' .\nd right in connection, 
though fi>relgn to our subject, is the thought 
if people will do so much for an earthly 
throne, why are tlie.v so indifferent to that 
far more princely acquisition— a heavenly 
throne'/ We sing: "I nm the child of a 
King." then g^i groveling along like hod 

• arriers. "l^ook up and si'e the stars." 

Again we commend the subject matter of 
the clilbl culture article to our renders who 
are parents, coupled with a delicate hint to 
young people to "look \ip the i)cdigree" of 
those upon whom you are setting yotir af- 
fettions before you commit yourself. Itetter 
a sliower In .Spring than n tempest In the 
Autumn. In other w«ir<ls. better sn<Tin(e your 
pervonni feellnirs a little now than live to 
reap a bitter harvest. A lifelong friend of 
ours lived single until middle life, because 
the one love of his youth was In the direct 
line of Insanity. Most men would have 
"taken the < baiice." only to repent bitterly by 
and by when home was in ruins and their 
own offspring in the fatal line. 
. And now just n few words on the other side. 
As a rule, we do not consider insanity heredi- 
tary, but It is n mntler we are Ircompetent 
to discuss; It simply. In this cnse. illustrates 
our point. IJut there is something else we 
wnnt to refer to. Friend, don't imagine tliat 
a'! your "meaunesM" is her<'diiary — -anyway 
CMirn is not — nnd hereditary or no. It does 
not in the least lossen our responsibility. 
Ve are < rentures of Intellect : we know right 
from wrong: we cnn Jlght to the (Inlsh the 
evil tpndi ncles within us, nnd our eternal 
destiny is within our own power. Your 
vreat-grandfather cannot drive you to perdi- 

tion if you have not a mind to go there: 
neither can the Son of Man — we sny it 1#K^ 
all reverence — drive you to Heaven if you 
I mind to go elsewhere. In .spite of everything 
j we are "free mornl agents ;" but it is none 
the less the right of every clilld to be vir- 
tuously forefatliered. 

(liir next prize winner is .Mrs. J. ('. Hodges, 
of .Morrlstown. Teiin., who comes along with 
some jiertliu'iit ".\dvice to Husbands." which 
may do some gruff, overbearing lord of crea- 
tion good. If he happ(!us to apply it to him- 
self. The trouble is, Jones will read it and 
say : "I gu(ss I'll slyly hand this copy of the 
1*. F. to Smith: that hits him." And Itrown 
will wonder "f Itailey will recognize his own 
picture, tnd tliey will all lay It down thank- 
ing the Lord tliey are not as other men are. 

Of course, in truth, it won't hit the great 
majority. l)ut the minority need attention 
occasionally. And tlien comes Mrs. Marlon 
W. Currier, of Amesbury, Mass., with some 
excellent hints on Itnsketry, accompanied by 
illustrations. We are esp(>cijilly glad to get 
this artlcie and hope for more on the subject. 

Prize Article. 

Child Cnlture. 


Much has been said and written upon the 
sttl)Jecl )f child culture, but not so much 
that It has become exhausted, nor will It ever 
be. The subject Is an Important one; the 
study Is interesting. At tliis time we wish 
to consider the subject from the standpoint 
of a parent only, and more partlc'ularly to 
dw' 11 upon that Influence which Is hereditary. 
It has been said that the training of a 
child begins with its grandjiarent, and there 
is much tiuth in the slatemeut. It is true 
at least that character, In many instances, 
is determined quite largely by the laws of 
hereditary Influence. ISut it is also true that, 
by love and kindness, by introducing Ideal 
surroundings and nmking use of the elevating 
intiuences of a <"hrlstian home a child's 
nature m.ty be greatly modLfled. if not entire- 
ly changed. This Is because the divine in 
liumanily is i)elng l)uilt upon to the exclusion 
of the other element : and yet. knowing that 
this is so, must we tiof ut tlie same time ad- 
mit that, with all these good intiuences, and 
I notwithstanding a!i the advancement that 
I has been made, tliere yet remains an ele 
inent. deep sealed and abiding, an element 
in the i;ature <ome down to us from 
the ages of the past, and all because 
\ of the inexorable laws of hereditary Influ- 
j eni-e'/ "Like father like son" may be a trite 
saying, but nevertheless a very truthful one. 
When <ioi said: "The sins of the fathers 
shall be visited upon the children even to 
the tliird nnd fourth generation," referen<e 
was had to these same laws of here<lltary 
Influence. 'I'he clilld Is nothing more nor 
less than a piece off the parents grafted In a 
new life, and partaking of the nature of 
Iwih. Sometimes characteristics or <iuall- 
ties inherent in the father predominate ; at 
other times those inherent In the mother, 
, and again there is a blending of the two. 
We might say that the laws controlling 
I this transmission of cliaracteristic (|uallty 
I from paront to child are freakish ! Certain it 
Is that they are mysterious — mysterious In 
their workings, yet easily understood In imrt. 
Itecognizing the.'^e laws to lie Immutable, 
should we. ns parents. I)e discouraged and 
make no effort to inltuence for good, the lives 
of those who shall <all us father and mother? 
No; a thousand times no I I'or that very 
lmmuial)ility or unchangableness In these 
laws gives us the <q)portunlty to bequeath to 
our children desirable qualities of mind and 
.soul. We may, because of these laws. Inllu- 
ence for good the spiritual and moral life 
of our children and our children's children, 
but ains, too often our Influence Is In nn 
I opposite direction. -Vs pnrents we should 
' strive to bi wliat we desire our <'hlldren to 

] be— a perfect "copy." Living with this pur- I 
^ pose lu view, striving to erndlcafe all that Is 
I evil or wrong lu our natures, we live for a 
' noble purpose and bequeath to our children 
J the ben'-iliLS of our striving. 
I PitoKkcu. Mich. 

Prize Article. 
Advice to Husbands. 



So much advice for wives knd so little for 
hnsbands Is written, that ii would apjiear 
that the writers think husbands perfect and 
wives only faulty. I think it Is time to 
review th'j conduct of our lords nnd see if 
marriage is a one-sided game. I have known 
husbands tc claim the privilege of controlling 
all the money, even that earned by the wife 
nnd <lau/hters : all the butter, chicken and 
egg money, and if the wife needed the small- 
est artlile she must go to hlra In humble 
j supplication and explain just what she want- 
ed, nnd why It was needed, and exactly how 
many cents It would take. Hut this same 
husband had money to buy all the whiskey 
and tobacco he wanted, and to join his asso- 
ciates In a treat or social game any lime he 
chose, or to give for charity when It would 
make him look large. Now, does the wife. 
! who has fllled her place as well ns the hus- 
band has filled his, feel that such treatment 
Is right '; And does not such a husband need 
iadvlce'/ Then I have seen husbands come 
Into the house with mud dropping from their 
! shoes at every step and tramp through hall 
I and rooms, disarranging tables, drawers and 
, trunks, declaring ajl the time that someone 
! had mispla( ed some of his belongings, and at 
last find the artlcie sought where he had put 
! It himself, creating confusion and discord 
throughout the household. When at last he 
has made his exit, the tired wife must take 
the broom and go over her morning task 
again. And sometimes baby has been fretful 
i and mother has not slept much, but it is 
1 early morning now, and the little one Is at 
i last quiet, and mother could get a refreshing 
j nap but for the tramping and slamming of 
j doors. The references above are only a few 
' that might be named, and they all seem of 
j too little Importance to mention; but It Is I 
I the little things that make or mar the happi- 
ness of a family. It is not how many acres I 
the father owns, or how large his bank ac- 
count, for we And happiness as often in the 
homes of the poor as in the mansions of 
the wealthy. The matrimonial game is a 
game that two must ploy at fairly If It Is 
to end successfully. If the wife must hide I 
i her displeasure sometimes and put on a | 
I smiling face, it is the duty of the husban<l 
I to do likewise. If the husband has time for i 
leisure and plensiire so should the wife. If j 
I the husl)and can afford good clothes and hire 
I Ills roiigli work done, why should not the 
j wife have the same advantages'/ When men 
and women realize more fully tiint the mar- 


If the consumptive could 
only keep from getting worse 
it would be some encourage- 

Scott's Emulsion at least 
gives tired nature a breathing 
spell. The nourishment and 
strength obtained from Scott's 
Emulsion are a great relief to 
tlie exhausted svstem. 

This treatment alone often 
enables the consumptive to 
gather force enough to throw 
off the disease altoojether. 

Scott's Emulsion brings 
strength to the lungs and flesh 
to the body. 

Send for Free Sample. 
SCOTT & BOWNE. Chemists, 409 Pearl St., N. Y. 

rlagc relation is nn equal partnership, and 
willing to net accordingly, there will be more 
hnppy families nnd fewer divorce suits In 
the courts. 

Moniniown, Tcnn. 

Prize Article. 

MARION w. ci;uniEK. 

In various way Indian basketry has come 
to the front to take its proper place among 
the great arts of the century, and teachers, 
classes and schools are making It possible to 
learn and Imitate the intricate weaving and 
designs wrought out liy the Indian women 
as expressions of their Ideals In color and 

Our "Index" descrlties all lamps ond their proper 
chimneys. With It you can always order the 
right size and shape of chimney fn'r any lamp. 
FKEE. Macbeth, Pittsburg, Pa. 


to try the befit waiblMK 
macblDe ever made. 

SHtisfHction (Tuaranteed. Write to 

Tbr IVOO Waaiirr Co., 23 K State St., BioKhtmtOB. V. T. 

Far PninfAfl "•"'" rlilln* or ilrlvinir in coli weather, tou 
rUI UUIIIIUII Htinuld hnve a ceh'tirated l.rhman Oarriaite, 
M aL-.iu an. I Sleigh HraiiT. Thcv arc buIiI hy flr»i-clas« Carria(e, 
Haria^i. ami Hardware Ucalcrn. Watch future advertbemeuli. 







teaches that glue and 
old eggs(usea toglaze 
, some coffees with) are 
' not fit to drink. 

^'Lion Coffee 

is never glazed — it's 
pure, undoctored coffee. 
The scaled packace keep* 
it fresb and pure. 



CURED while you work. 
You p'ly |4 when cured. 
No cure, no pay. 
AI.K.X. HPKIKS. Box HS«, Wealbrook, .Maine. 

Swan's Standard Roofing. ;;]:;^r."'"„1,!"'or"'i^: 

price. A knife ami hsinimer all the tools tifcessarv. 
S«ii.|.l.- frr-i-. THE A. F. 8W*.N CO., 11a .Nawau St., K»w Vork. 

ROD&* for locating gold and silTer, lost 
treasure, etc. The only sold uiidtr 
HiiHiaiitcc. ('Htttloifiieac. Address. Brvant 
IJros.. P. «). Box I'JI, « Dallas, Texas. " 

BBL. SUGAR, $2.95."'^,^:)^^li~" 

K<llll. ItKOM.' <'0., Idc. 

47.40 IK. Lake HU, Ctalcafco, III. 


ulou' uml riirc m^H^. sntniilc.-t u<irfh 8IU tn any furnicr. 
JUII.'<ii A HK1.7A:H kuKII «'0., La Croaae. Wla. 

Nwer fall. 

K«-iid IlK'.forcat- 


Roynl v.. Biirnham, Attorney-at- 
Ijiw and ."iohcitdr of I'Mtcnt.s. H-i3 
Bond Biilldint;, Washington, D.C 
iiookli-t on piitents sent frt-e. 
I'alent Yaur lfypr«irraeaU aaa Maka Munrx Out nf Thea.. 

PRINTS YOUR NAME. K^?i^nS:rff rs* 


Men and Women Wanted r„,'^f^r™';!?/„V.^',rci^,?;• 

SI'Kt lALTY anil i-oiU-ctiug. §18 weeklr aad U|>waril, ic-onlinic 
to al>nit7 aad locallijr. K. B. Co., tiox Xn». .New York. 

This@is the trade 



I mark stamped on each 
sheet o£ the best roof- 
ing tin mad e — m a d e 
rst in Wales more than 
50 years ago — perfected in 
process and output by the skilled 
Americans. It makes a roof that lasts 
50 years. Ask your roofer, or write to 

n. C. CBOMXBTEn. Jtgeat, 
laracfl* BalldlBf, I'lteabarf, 

for llludtrated book on 

roofs and Toofmaking. 



MfUFII Vnil WAIIT ** clothe* M rinvcr write 

"■•til I WW mill I to till- .^MKKK .(NWhI.NOKK 

Co.. Nkw YoKK. Tlify make the U-8t. AHk tor tbeir 
catalofue and prices. 

New York. 

••«•*£;•„,„ BOOTS 


Kake Your Spare Time Count 

1>V tjkinu cmr 

Correspondence Course 

in Hart (cult urr un<1er I'roK 
I.llK'rIj II. Italiry oM'ornell 
I i.lvcralty. TrMtsol \ eurt.Ahle 
(^ar'leni.i^. i-'ruit tjruwin^, Mori- 
rilture .in<l tlie Ornament-ition of 
Gr-iiiti'ls. We also oflrr a coune 
in Mod<>rD Acrli-ulturc under 
I'rur. llrooLa uf M..,s. A>;rl- 
ri College. I'ull ('omiacr* 
< la', .Noraaal and Aoadeaile 
d.-|iftrtin«Dl«. TitlUoB acntiial. Taxt-baoka 
/r«« to our atudeala. Vaiafotfma tmd 

p irtUvlartfrrt. Hri/* ro-t.ay. 

Hon.*<>rrrapaii4f acr Rrkaait 


; Urpt. IS, BpriacOald, I 

Kobbcr and Wool, Arctic*, and JKubbcr Vhoea. 




$48 ^SmSfS $23JS 

with hiKti olo!M>t and whlio rnamd lined rrnervoJr <or 
w aterfruut.; Oreat I- o uadry Sale. Wo ship ranKo 

fi'T cxamin.itinn without a 
cent in ailmnce. If you 
Illicit p.iy f'i3.75 ofulfreiybt 
and tak>' range fur 

30 Days 
FREE Trial, 

If not Katisfaftory »i> afrree 
rcfuntl y<iur niouejr. 

'1 oTinuii HuiiKvi ure 
ni:iU« o f t>i'«t 
wrought BtecL 
Oven 18 x '^0 Ina. 
8ix 8 in. holca. 
Ik-fit Imlfcra and 
roastcra on 
cnrth. Hum any- 
tliliiK. Aslicitoe 
liiicil flues. 

Will savo 1 del r cost in fuel 
l"OneY«'nr. Wi lie to- 
day tor uiir catalogue. 

vept. It tiKi (Mi l^ake btreet, Cbicaso* 


IHr*. H Inalow'a Moothinc Hyrap 

aid alwavi tw u.ed for C'nll.iren Teething. Ill 
I .aathca tbe child, •oftcDi tli« Kuina, allarf all pain, 
I cMwa wind eollc, and I. the be«t remedy for dlarrh.ra. | 
I TwtBtyQra.caBta a bottle, j 

January 3. 1903. 

The Practical Karmkr ' 





beauty, using the nlBterlaJH nature has fur- 
nlnlipd ill Hbiintlnnci-. There Is a Hlmple 
inctliod of making ImskrtH, as laiiKlit In the 
|i('da;.;i)gi(- Hchuol in Chlcagu. and In the 
klndeiKai'tPn schools, that may be biouKht 
rljdit into the home and madf a pleasant oc- 
cupation for children. Invalids and women 
who dellKltt In prett.v articles of house adorn- 
ment. It Ik light, easy, tends to cheerlness 
and Btloiiilates Ingenuity. This Is raffia 
wo:k. and those who take It up should be 
alil> , after a Utile experience, to design bas- 

kets to suit their fancy, an well as their 
ideas of utility. Kaliia Is a product of aoiue 
8pecles of palm, and is used by tlori.sts for 
tying plants to their supports and by garden- 
ers In bunching vegetables and aspnraKUs. 
It is sold by seedsmen and comes In bundles 
or twists, and the price averages about \i't 
tents per pound. It can be dyed, but is very 
pretty In Its natural color, which Is like that 
of a t>aim leaf fan. To make a small round 


basket with vertlcftl sides, select ten strands 
of the llhre, make the liner ends meet evenly 
nnd hold In the left hand, and with another 
Ktrand, dampened and threaded Into n i anviis 
or worst. m] needle, wind about elv'lit times | 
wind live times with slinjle strand iiinl drnw | 
dgwu close to ring by putting needle through ! 

the ring and up over the ntrands. Wind 
au;aln live times and ciit<'h to ring. Continue 
around iho ten stnind.x. leaving two inches 
pro.lecting; now folil the ends hack upon the 
ten strands, thus making a small ring: then 
round and when seconil row is reached catch 
to first row. Proceed in tills way until you 
liave a flat round piece four inches across. 
Now turn the c(>l| upward anti make one coll 
upon another two inches in height, then two 
or three coils Inside toward centre and as 
many up straight, to make a small neck about 
which a ribbon may be tied. Finish utf last 
row hy sv.>wing down closely. When adding 
strands to the ten strands, or the winding 
Htrand, wind under all loose ends and clip 
uneven ends. For an oval basket, wind fill- 
ing stranils three inches and turn and work 
over this the sitnie as throii<h ring. 

I.ineu twiue Is much used to make the coil 
and winds more smoothly : and smull reedd 
are also used. To write of reed and splint 
work would make this arlii'le too long. Those 
who are sufilcltMitly inteiested can learn 
much from looking ut a basket. 

liooks giving full tlirections can be pur 
chased. Those who take up the work will 
surely be pleased with ll. 

Aiiunhuiy. MunH. 


In the Kitchen. 

Mrs M.airgle Adams. Texas, writes : The 
luisbiinil nvy save his better half many steps 
and much hard work — too hard for women — 
by pliicliig a ten or twenty gallon Jar or keg 
in a convenient place In the kitchen, and fill 
It with water every morning before leaving 
f<»r the day. Of course this applies to poor 
folks (like m.VBelf) who have not the other 
water conveniences. While I am not lazy, 
I see no need of standing to do work that 
one may as well sit down wltlle performing, 
yo I hav<' a i-ocking chair In the kitchen. 
I.uiigh if you will, but I have as much right 
to sit in an arm rocking chair while paring 
potatoes as the men have to plow corn with 
a riding iiiltlvator. I polish my atove once 
a week. It adds to Its looks and It will last 
longer. I put two tablespoonfuls of kerosene 
In the clothes boiler with the clotheH. It 
savi>B half tlie rubbing. 

The kitchen garden, fenced so as to be fowl 
and rabbit proof, contains, besides other 
things, a variety of herbs that are "good" 
lu the kitchen nnd for jMirposes, 
such as rhiibnrli. horohoimd. sage, peppers, 
etc. Try putt lug Irmi rust around the roofs 
of your tomato plants and wati h the result. 
Afirons and tallcoes (or sume light weight 
cloth I armlets, reathing from wrist to elbow, 
pi-rinit one to wear a respfttuhle looking 
dress while i.oiikliig. and not get ll soiled. 
Have you ever tried wealing a little lace cap 
over the hair while In the kitchen? 

• ••••••• 

.Mrs Ida .Nnson, I'resque Isle. Maine, 
writes: I wonder If I might venture In the 
11. ('. with n few hints. I find so many use 
fill helps In the l>. F. that I feel I must tell 
you how I enjoy reading them. r»o you all 
know that sunflowers growing around sink 
mid cellar drains will keep away fevers';' 
I rend tliN when I was a small girl, nnd have 
grown ihem ever slme and have never bad 
any fevers In our family, even when our 
est nelg|iliiir.<i oil all sltles were sick with 
lyidiold. 1 have a tllsh of cold \\ater near 
when usiug my egg beater, and rluse In it. 

and it is ready to be hung up lo diy and the 
eg;: does not dry tin. 

In m.TkIng brtiltled rugs [ sew mine iliroiiKli 
the braid insteaii of over and over seam. 'I'lie 
rtig wears longer and looks better. I liave 
matie so'iie very pri'tt.v ones b.v sewing \l't 
rounds and then dividing the rug in eight 
parts anil make eight loops and sew enrh 
loop together, and sew the remiilning braid 
arountl the same as before. The result will 
be you wil! have a rug with eight scallops, 
and lliey are very |>refty if matie wltli strljies. 
or two or three colors may be liraid)*i| to- 
gether. Matclies stuck in boxes of cabliagi- 
and tomato plants will keep the worms from 
killing the lender plants, ami after tlie cab- 
bage plants are set in the garden salt will 
kill the worms and help to head tliem. 

A plain l»ui very nice leti cuke can be made 
t).\ using one cup of sugar, one cup of sweet 
cream, two eg;.,'s. one teaspoonful soda, two 
teaspoonfuls creatu tartar: fiuvor with lem<>u. 

• **••*•• 

I.aiira (iolileti, dhio. sends a recipe fur 
cheese cakes. Ileal u qiunt of thick sour 
milk very slowly iinill the lurd separates 
from tbe whey ami drain carefully through 
a colander. Ileni the <-tird very line with a 
fork: add two wi-ll beaten eggs, half a cup- 
ful of sugar, a pirn li of salt and the Juice 
of a lemon, witli iialf a grated nuimeg. Kuke 
in a moiierate oven in patty |>ans ilni>d with 
a Very sh<»rl paste. 

• •*••••« 

.Mrs. Andrew .McNeil, Cnln. I'a.. writes: 
To clean trying pans anil spiders tliat have 
txH'ome rough and scaly outside, make a 
good lire on bare spot of groiiml. an<l when 
you hnve a gomi lietl of strong coals turn the 
pans and spiders down In tlieiii. licaiiing some 

coals on top also. l.ei tlo'in g"i red hot, 
llieii let ill- coals and im-nsils get cool befon» 
removing. When wasliid. If burned right, 
they will be as smooth as new. They may 
slick a Utile when first iiseti. but If frylngM 
iire matie hot before put ting anything In 
there will he no trouble. 

Mo not he wiihoiit a tin covertMl table. 
Kveii an (Id ilongh tray that has feet, or an 
o!d waslilng ma< liinc that lias good legs, will 
ilo. Cover It with a broail board or an ofd 
door that has been made of tongued and 
gioovetl Ixiards. Purchase a sheet of tin or 
zinc the si/e needetl. wlih'h will not be very 
expensive, and a few short wire nails. Take 
a heavy fiat Iron and pusb from centre out 
to etige aud bend tin down with hammer. 
Nail securely and you will have a table to 
be proud of. It is such a comfort to have 
something to set pies or anytiiing hot trom 
the oven <u» Willi ll will not have to be 
scrubbed antI cleaned lo remove black and 
grease. Vou will find very many use'* for it. 

A Fine KIdiie)- Keniedy. 

Mr. A. S. Hitchcock. i:ast Hampton, ronn., 
• The Clothier I says if any sufferer from Kid- 
ney and Mladiler Disease will write him he 
will direct them to the perfect home cure be 
useil. He has nothing whatever to sell. 

Penolnir. A very good opportunity Is 
now alTorded our reatlers to purchase a 
Htanilai'ii stock fence at a greatly reduced 
lulce liy \\. H. .Mason & Co.. of Leesburg. 
Ohio, who an- nilvertising in our columns. 
It is a fence eipial to any on the market for 
general faim purposes, ami the price ij'.»c. per 
roil, slioiilil arrest the attention of all wh<» 
make un elTort to hiiy to their <iwn liest ad- 
vantage. The lirm carries a full line of 
wire fences uiul fence supitiles. 'hiey will 
gladly iiiall their lataiogue free to anyone 
writing them for It and mentioning the P. F. 

I wl 


There is absolutely no wear in any of the other ingre- 
dients of which thuy are composed. Every time the 
tiuallty of Rubber HooUsnd Shoes is reduced 10 per cent., 
tbe durability is reducetl over '20 percent, because there is 
only one way to cheapen them, and that is to leave out 
Rubber and put in its place other things that have no 
wearing ijuality wtiutever. This cheaponiiig process haa 
been steadily going on tor the past 40 years. 



or Kl KliKK lt4M»-r.«! AKI> Mlfl4»KN 

nre m.-(<l«> of renl riil)>><>r unit <iii<- ixilr <>( tlii-in 
now «»n llif inarKt'l. Try a pair uuil be couvinceii. 
Mode in Duck Boots, Duck rolled eo/e Overs for Hocks, 
antI Kelt Hoots and iu Arcties and light rubber shous. 
inxlnt on ffetllnir the HI ( KsKIN BIlA.M). Kime grn- 
ulne nlthnut the fioril iti ( kskl> on the top f runt of 
the IfUK of the IniotH nnd the liiittonis of the KhofH. 
If your dealer does not keep them write us and we will 
see that you get them eitlier thro^gli solute 
dealer in vour town or from us direct. We will 
also send vou a very interesting catalogue 
profusely ilhistPiited, which describes the niak- 
uig of Rubber Boots .ind Mhoes fnini the gath- 
ering of the rubber to the finished goods. 


60 Bridie Street. LAMBERTVILLB. N.J. 



Anactusi t*sfaf aUnoh 
Strii; rut tnjn Hk.-iU'I'' ef 
lliH Bni-k»t.tii h»M>l. Note 


tlip . liutiniy aihliiimiinh 
tiiilv ttie t«iit liii»it«r 

will K •riilnl'-iitllkeOili. 
WHgtitof ticijrsaU swing 





J- . .. 

I lirwM 




January 3, 1U03. 


Our Experience PooL 

"Experience w the bent teuehcr." This Kxpt'rU'iu-e 
Pool will hf a wf'fkly Knriiicr'H InMtltiiite for tliH ox- 
cliiitii;e of iiriK.'tli'a! Ulcus l>y prui'ticul liirnierH. We 
want tln'iij Id uivt? tlifir fX|MTli'iicf. as wfll aH siisgest 
topics for lilt uri' discuHHioii. We imlilisli tlll^s <|p(iart- 
iiieiit H(i that all may have the Ix'tiuiit of the tantiihle, 
l>raotic4il exiMTJeiR-c (if othera on every subject i)€r- 
tairiinK to the fiiriu. Let all eoiitrihnte. A cash prize 
of 51) eerits will Iw pui.l for the l>eHt coiitrlhtitinn, 35 
cents for each oth<T cuntrihiitiori puhli.shid. The only 
onditiun Is that you ar« a yearly suhscrllMT to the 
pu|KT. Write on one mIiIp of [laiwr only. On upper 
left lianil corner mark plainly the numlx-r of the topic 
y<iu write alH)ut. Articles on all topics must he in our 
huiiils at least three weeks before publication. I>o not 
iori^et tu HU;;i;est ahead tuples for (llscuHsion. Address 
all comiuiinications tu'TiiK KiiITok, Box 'Mi, iluleigb 
N. C. 

Toiilc .NO. ."..".".. J«n. \~.~\\liut in the Moat 
J'rufiiiiiih Jlmii of CliiikinH fur the (Jen- 
mil J-'uninrf 

Topic No. ."..".•!, .Inn. L'l. -- Mlidt Hare You 
Found to hr tin Must Eronninical Itoofimf 
Mutiriiil fur I'linu Hiiil'liiKjs* 

Topic No. r>.">7. Jan. ','A. — I'or l.atlits Only. — 
Till Hs JJoir Yon ;>(/*•(■«•«</ Willi Wintlow 
J'hinls in W'intir. What You Uroiv and 
Uitir You 'in at 'tin in. 

Tojiii' .N't). .'."iS. Feb. 7. — M'liat Sort of a 
ISrooihr ilu Yon lar for hirnhulor C'liivlcsf 

Topic No. ."(.■'I'.l. Feb. 11. — iloir .\rv I'urnnrn' 
J niilit nil M .Miinitiit il in Your Sniion, and in 
W'liot W'liif do You Think. Tin ii can be 
hnitroi'il i.iid Mudc More llilii/ul to the 
i'lirini rxf 

T<»pic No. .'iiio. |''el). •>\. — (Sroirhifi Tomatoes 
for the t'unninii i'liilorif. winit Vnriity 
llore Yon I'onnd llist. iind Hoir do You 
Maniiin the I'roit from Start to I'ininhf 

Topic No. Feb. -JiH.- Ilarr You Adoiittd 
.In// Si/Mlt itiiilir Miihoil of J minurini/ \ our 
Still lornt If xo, lluw and Willi What 
Sum KM / 

.MillTh 1.' Ihirr Von Haincd 
Wilhoiit Millcf If xo. How? 

.Ma "cli 1 ». What VarlithH 
of I'liUH Uiirv 1 OH l'':niid Most I'ro/llahlr, 
and lloir do Yon (uliiriile mid I'liik for 
Mi:rkil/ Hurt Ihiarf Trrm Jinn I'roflt- 
all, f 

Topic No. .".)!4, March '1\. For thi l.ndiiK. 
Iloir do You Milk' tin- Wilshini/ of hixliix, 
I'otx mid I'mis Fiisiir and not at the Fj;- 
jti Hie of Time mid I'lt milini xsf 

"Toi)i<' No. ."(<;.">. .Marcli "js. lime You Frrr 
Tried Flat luUnri iriih i'otlon, and What 
in the HiMt Iti-ttiniei to Thin in the ItOics 
and Hetinen the Uoirxf 

Topic No. 553 -How Did You Build 
Your Ice House, and How Has it Suc- 


January 3, 11)03. 

The: Practicai. Rakmer 


Topic No. .".tij. 
tlood fall ex 




<". L. Moss, Ilaminontnn. \. J. — Having a 
lonjf shetl, I <-(Mivei'i(il one eiul of it into an 
ice linus.'. Iiy ijoiii^ io I lie sawmill and get- 
tiUK slal)s I'l.r partition an*! a i iKUp ^lade of 
IiiuiIh-i- to Mit 111 tiic Iro II with. n:i(l reilin;;. 
hkIcs aiul ovi-rlieail. wliith 1 pai ked wiili 
sawtliist. I (liiK down and lowered ilic lloor 
ncariy iliree feet lieiow the siirl'a e. and in 
tile (ciitif I diiK a well all 111 six feel deep 
and lilliiiir up by setiinj: snali liilntf on end 
lo|- a dialfi. SIS tlie land wa.s ievei. I ooiiid 
only put in a seep draii. wli;ili worked (). K. 
1 put about ten tons of !< •■ into tliis lioiise, 
Willi about a foot llil km-ss of sawdust all 
around lop and b<>tti iii. and we used Ice In 
tlie refri;,'ciator every day from Isi of May 
to I lie latter part «if September. Had plenty 
for ice cream, and furnislie<l Ice water for 
our berry pickers every day tliroiiKh berry 
season and sometimes hnviiii; as lil;;ii as 
vl^rliteen to twenty pi< kers. 'I'lle Ice cakes 
Klioiild all be (III the same size and perfectly 
wpiare and not aib>w to •'«.| into dirt or miiij. 
and jjet ll'e ;jo(,d clear ice free of bubbles. 

r. K. I»avis. Taunton. Mass.— My 
is built o-i the north side of 


ice house 
Krove of 

— — -, ,.., „.i „^ „ f^i.'.i i/t 

|ilne ;. on a nortlierii slijte. A cellar was diiK 
ten feet deep and twi-lve feet s<iuare, stoned 
lip and veil dinhied. A wooden Htructure 
was crei ted from the \\all four feet to 
plates with a nool ventilator at top of r«»of. 
8tiidjlln« «as jiiared from bittom to roof so 
as to iri\e spn<e all around of one foot for 
Kawdust. Ilnisli Is pla ed at the bottom to 
Insure drainat;*'. and Ice packed k4» as to leave 
a ajace of six Inches at sides for sawdust. 
Ice keens we.l. but I tonsider It a mistake 
t" build a cellar more tlian four feet below 
the surfa e of the nioiiiul. It does not keep 
a.s well three or four feet below uurface. 1 
boli've It m Its nil Winter. 

I Vou are rlirht in thiiklnir the pit too deep. 
An i.e li'Uise enllre'y iibiive ground is better. 
Then the brush at bittom doubtless drains 
but does not ex<liide Die air from b-low. In 
sill h a pit we would <emenf the bottom to 
one d'aln. and would have a <lrain pii>e from 
that with a trap In It to stand with water 
^n the trap and cxt liide the air This is the 
most important point In keeping ice. — Ki>. | 

Kiigene M. ("rossett. South Arworth. N. II 
• — M.v Ice bouse is n room in 
whed on (be north side of the 
has a «•«!•; around the 
a slied on the west. It 









the scales and the price invariably verify 
all claims made for Dr. Hess' Stock Food as 
a conditioner and fleshener of cattle. A table- 
spoonful to each animal twice a day in the regular 
gram feed, with a gradual increase to two spoons- 
ful of Dr. Hess' Stock Food produces a mar\elous 
change in appearance, both as to great increase of flesh 
and a pleasing evidence of vigor. Dr. Hess' Stock Food is 
perfect tonic that increases the appetite and invigorates 
the digestion— makes possible heavier feeding without wa.ste. 
Dr. Hess' Stock Fooil compels digestion of all food eaten— that 
means economical feeding and a wonderful addition of .solid flesh 
and fat. It shortens the feeding period 30 to 60 days. It is a 
scientific compound for cattle, horses, sheep and hogs that prevents 
disease by keeping the animal in perfect physical condition. 

Dr. Hess' Stock Food 

Is the product of America's eminent veterinarian, Dr. Hess, graduate of famous medical and 
vcteriiiiii y coileues. and bis preparations are recognized by those inBlitiiUoiis of learning, and 
rrcscribed generally by the profession. No unprofessional manufacturer can eiiual Dr. Hess' .stock 
Food. Tlie yellow card in every package entitles the purchaser to free personal advice and free pre- 
scriptions for Ins uiiiiimlH from J»r. Hess. Dr. Hew' Great Stock Ilouk, on diseases of animals and 
poultry, the only coin p'ete treatise for popular nne, consulted and conuneuded by leading veteriiiurians, 
will be sent free preptiiil, if you writ* what stock you have, what slock food you have fed. and meutiou tbia 
paper. Head it and you can muster txll stock diseases, and kuow them at sight. 

C. M. McHain. veterinary Biirijeon. Jeromevllle, Ohio, says: "It is the most comprehensive work for farmers I hnve ever seen.' 
H. N. Ijiyinan, veterinary sarijeon, Lattashurg. Ohio, says : "In my practice I often tollow suggestiona given iu your t>ook." 
WealsomakeDr.Ilesa' Poultry P,in-!V-<'6-a, Dr. liens' nR UCSft A. Al ADIf A.LI^_J AL.!_ 
Ueallng Powder. and Instant Louse KiUer. AddruM lllla !!£«« tt wLJUIIlf ASIIIanUf UlllOa 

one end of a 
' barn floor. It I 
east and north, and | 
goes two feet below 

u r.111 n on lie- H1-J.I. II Koes iwo i»>ei Deiow 

the floor and the bottom Is of cobble stones 

thrown In and straw on them, and sawdust 

on that to na'k the ice on. The underpin- 
ning In i._..i I .. .t.„ . fi, . . ' . 

~ - , i'rp 

ring Is hanked mt to the sills to keep the 
air out. It Is I'J feet Irmg. !> feet wide and 1» 
high It is double boarded on three sides, 
with the ex-eptlon of three feet for a door: 
the oth-r side Is <fivered with building paper 
fastened on with L'x ». then another thickness 
of paper fastened with I'x I. then fiaper and 
double iMinrded. Had Intended to make It 
HO all around. Have a Imise floor of double 
boards overhead, and take It up when I All, 
as It mnkes It more convenient. Pack the 
Up in solid and put about eleht Inches of saw- 
dust around the outside and a little more on 
top and all pa< ked In solid. Can keen ice 
enough to run two refritrerators all Summer. 
It succeeds verv Well, but not quite erptnl to 
my auticlpatiuns. Before J tluUhed this 1 

used one corner of barn cellar where there 
was a bank wa'l on two sides and jmt the 
Ice In Just the same, and It kept as well us 
anywhere I ever ke|)t ll. For several years I 
used a lean to mi tlie ea-t sl<le of barn, only 
sinirle boiiKled. and it kept very well. Ice 
<an be kept very well In almost any building 
if it is Well packed and covered. 1 "have used 
straw, nii'adow bay and all kinds of sawdust 
for covering, but I like the sawdust that 
conii-sf from a common lioard saw the best. 

f I'\iilure to keej» the air out below, and 
lack of drainage Is tie dlfliciiltv with your 
house, as with Mr. Strains. — Kd.) 

Thos. H. Strain. Wellsbiirg. \V. Va. -(»nr 
be house Is of the makeshift order, having 
originaily been a lumberman's shack, built of 
rout'ii < ak boards witli < racks covered by 
sirijts and containing one room. This room I 
divided by a partition of boards, leaving a 
spa' e 11 feet square, whbh. with one foot of 
sawdust on Hie lioltom and sides. >;ave nine 
feet stpiaie for be. We built In ice to the 
depth of live feel and coven-d wiiii IS inches 
of sawdust. 1 then sawed out the >:able eiuls 
of the biilldin? and. save for an occasional 
tramping on top to keep tinned down, gave il 
no further attention. TliN Ice. wliicli I put 
up in partiier.sbip wilb a neighbor from a 
pond close by. kept our twt> faniDies reason- 
ably well su|iplied during the ;;realer iiart 
of the Summer, but melted considerably from 
the bottom, whbh was <aiived. I fbink. by the 
biilliling being built off the ground a couple 
of feet. The old oak sawdust we often noti<-ed 
as being verv hot. it seeming to absorb beat 
from the sun. which beat down on building. 

jTlie trouble came from Its not being air- 
tight at lottom. The dralna<3- from an Ice 
house should be only bv a tiafiped drain, so 
that the trao stands full of water and ex 
eludes the air .Ml the rest of the bottom of 
the house should be made i>erfectly air-ti/ht. 
Your loose sawdust on a lloor not air-tlu'ht. 
and above the ground, let air in below, which 
will always melt the be. Then It would be 
a great a«Ivantage In a sunny |dace to have 
a roof of boards or corn stalks elevated a 
foot above roof and open all around.-- lOu. j 

I.. Snow. Vienna. Ill - First I selected a 
location, and this was a bilNlde. Our pond 
Is formed by an old ral'r- ad bvl on a hill 
side. I Mir |i-e liou«!e is built on the e<l>re of 
this elevated bed. so that the water runs off 
without further troiibbv As to const rintlon. 
it is formed of two plnnk walls, having a 1(5- 
Inch space Itetween for sawdust. Within 
this, be is n!ac<'d so tliat a 4-inih snace is 
left for sawfliisi. There is an ofiening in each 
gable end for ventilation. The i<-p is coveretl 
over with two and one half f4'ei of saw<Iiist. 
and as ice is taken out. a « orresponding 
amount of sawdust is removed. As a result 
there has been some loss by melting, though 
not In excess, and not more than ciften oc- 
curs In using very expensive houses. 

81 MM.MIV. 

The criticisms which the Kdltor has to 
make have been mainly made with each 
iiafter. but wi' wisli to add here a few words 
in regard to tlie general principles involved 
in the preservation of Ice. It has been many 
years since we have had any exjierience with 
an Ice house for b'c lioiises are practbally 
imknown where the Kdltor lives, all of our 
Ice b<'lng manufactured all Summer through. 
Itiit years ai;o. when we lived where it was 
practicable to collect natural be in Winter 
we have bad rpilte a deal of exnerlence In the 
construction of the bouses for keeping It. 
In the Virginia mountains we ccuild generally 
succeed In getting Ice about three inches' 
thick, and sometimes more, and sometimes, 
when Ice was not obtainable we liave had Ice 
all Summer from (lacking snow solidly In 
the houses. H was not as good as clear pond 
Ice, but It answered the purpose ver.v well 
It Is perfectly easy to make a house that 
will keep ice perfectly If the principles In 
volved are observed. These i)rl'i( iples are 
to have deadened walls and a perfectly tight 
floor with nn airtight drain, made so by a 
t>end or trail In the drain pipe. whbh. stand 
Ing full uf the drainage water, will keep the 

air out from below. Then there should be a 
cover of sawdust on toj) and free ventilation 
above. Another thing is to keep the roof as 
cool as jiosslbie. Where it is exposed to full 
sun it is necessar.v to have an extra roof 
above the real roof about a foot an<l the 
space between the two roofs o[)en all around. 
'IMiis e.xiia roof can be best made by con- 
struct iiit; a liglit frame of any rough ma- 
terial like stout hoop poles and' then tliatch- 
ing tills with straight rye straw or corn 
stalks. A roof of this .sort is fur better than 
one of boards, as It excludes the sun's rays 
better, and furnishes means for the escajie 
of beat all over. Ventilation should be pro- 
vided for by slatted win<lows in the gables. 
I'roperly constructed, an ice bouse above 
gioiind is belter than one dug into the 
l^roiind. Ours, in Virginia, was on a steep 
inoiintain side and in the ground only on one 
side, so that the door for fllllng w"as on a 
level with t!ie roaciway front. Then we had 
there tile advantage that our pond was right 
on loi> of the cold hill alongside the houses. 
It win an artltidal embankment and was 
lillcd by a pliie from a spring away off on the 
mountain side, so tliat the water was only 
about a foot deep all over, ami being exjiosed 
to tlie northern blast from the Hliie IJidge 
.Mountains opposite, it bud all the chance to 
freeze that came. The pond was emptied 
and kept dean all Summer, ami the pure 
spring water plaied In It maile about as pure 
ice as could be bad. It would have been an 
improvement had the ()on«l been cemented all 
over and scriibbeii <>ut before the water was 
let In. Of course such an arrangement is a 
reilnemeiit tliat few farmers can have. Hut 
It is of lie greatest importance to havi' the 
ice from pure water, for freezing does not 
kill disease germs In the Ice. The great 
e[)idemic of typhoid fever at I'lymoiitb. I'a., 
years ago. was caused by ty|ihold ^ernis get- 
ling on the Ice of the reservoir during the 
Winter and in*'liing Into tlie wal<'r supply. 
I'eojile living In the South are better giiaril- 
ed In this respect, for ail of our Ice is made 
from water that is previoiislv distilled and 
perfectly pure. The dav Is not far distant 
when Ice will be made In this way all over 
the country. 


If you auffer from Epilepsy. Fits, Ftlllaj Slcfc 
ness, St. Vitus's Dance, or VertiRo, have children, 
relatives, friends or neigbbors tbit do bo, or knov 
people that are afflicted, my New Treifment will 
immediately relieve and PERMANENTLY CURB 
Ibem, and all you are asked io do is to send for 
my FREE TREATMENT and try It. It has 
CURED thousands where everything else failed. 
VTill be sent in plain packiee absolutely free, 
express prepaid. My Illustrated Book, " Epilepsy 
Explained," FREE by malL Please give otme, 
AGE and full address. All CormposdetKO 
professlootllr ooofidentlaL 

04 Pine street. New Tork Cltx^ 


on BILL 


Send us to-dty. your nime and 

td'lmf on a pnstil and we wiU mail yuu FREB 

r> irli^ndiome Illustrated Seed Catalog cental ninjf 

llu» mil .-ind Ki»od fur CtO* worth of Klowar or 

) «(elabla Soeda t UEK. Yuur select i^n tu introduce 

[ The Best Northern Gro^irn Seed-* 

'direct frnm (grower to planter, from Saginaw Valley 

\ ScedGMdctu. Seed Potatoes Vei;elable,Flow«r, 

Field Heedt and Flants. 

100.000 FAOKAOKB BX£D8 rBEB 

^ on i'.)oTe plan. Write quick. Send names 

kuf neii^hliors wtto I'uvsf-eds. |iuo casUlur^ ' 

Lcitlist. See the latalo^ue. 

^Harry II. Haamond Scad Co., Lt4. . 

H9M.t1. Uay Ut/, at*k. 


G&xden Calendar 

A revelation to all seed 
planters. NothiiiK no *•' 
complete, practical and_ 
helpful, ever before is- 
aue<1; 'l"i puncB of the tDi>-t 
valuulde liiloruiatlon ul>uiit 
Flower See<l9, IMunta, Vege- 
table Seedft; richly un<l fully lUiiii- 
trated; four colored plutcM. FK EE 
to all applicants who uientiuii this paper. 

VIA Cbcatnnt St., PliUadelpl&ta,Pa 





If you want a good low-priced Smokeless Powder "load," 
Winchester Factory Loaded "Repeater" Shells will surely 
suit you. Don't forget the name: Winchester "Repeater," 




All other truUes liave reiwrtecl to "Short <.'ut»." To 
t)e aucceiutfiil farmers uiimt reHort to iheiu, too. In 
tbla coluiun «e will iiuIiIihIi all aettial luhor saving 
short cuts made liy the liirmer on the farm anil the 
housewife in the home. Write and U-ll us of any lat>or 
saving tool you have matte, ot any method ot manage- 
luent or manner of uhIiu; Implements to tiave time, 
labor and money, or Increase their efficiency. Kven 
the smallest things may be useful and valuable. Hints 
•lid help^ In the household are always welcome. A 
i ^b prize of SO cents fur the Ijest contribution, and 'St 
ceuw- for each other cuntributton published, will be 
paid to V. V. yearly Hulwcrilienj. Write on iiostal cards 
and L ake articles short All errors will be corrected 
by the editor. Address all communications under this 
bead to T. Ureiiier, I-a Hulle, N. Y. 

To Stretch IVIre Kaelly and fant with- 
out a patent stretcher, eltlier barbed or 
smooth, fasten wire firmly to one end poHt. 
space it along other posts by driving staples 
part wav in. but not tisht, I>rive your farm 
v.agon 8d a hind wheel comes In line with 
other end post six or elRbt feet from it. 
fasten tongue securely by driving stalie tirni- 
ly In ground close enough to fasten to end 
of tongue with a clevis. Now raise the hind 
wheel Tn line with fence by using two pianlis, 
a long one, to be used as a pry, and a short 
one for Hujiport. I-'aKten wire to one of the 
M|jul(eN, using the hub as a spool and the 
spokes as levers to turn with. I can stretch 
half a mile of wire nt a time and wagon can 
be arranged for worit hi live minutes. It is 
sometimes necessary to drive a couple of 
stakes aeainst the opposite wheel to keep it 
trom sllaing over. O, II. Kelluuu. 

Farkrillv, Mich. 

I'ee for Half ^'orn Overall*. — When 
husking corn where there are cockleburrs the 
talis of horses should be put into a sack to 
prevent scattering the burrs where there are 
none, and to preserve the beauty of the tali, 
t'ut oft the legs of. old. half worn overalls, 
mend the worn jiarts, stitch across the lower 
end, hem the edge of the top to prevent tear- 
ing down. Make two holes a third of the 
distance around apart and whip the edges 
well with thread to prevent tearing out : In- 
sert a string in each, by whi( b the sack is 
made fast to the crupper on each side after 
the sack has been ulipp'jd over the tall. The 
sack can be easily put on when necessary, 
and removed when not needed, and withal 
id very durable and t4Uite economical. 

ll"«//.rr. Mo. KuSiK Tlll. 

MendiiiK IlnrneMn. - We desired to sew 
some seams In «>iir liarness. Wax, thread 
and awl were at hand, but u clump was need- 
ed t'l hold the leal her while sewing, so as 
a subsiitiUe we used un old hand i.oru plant- 
er. The end.* of the leu I her to b« spliced 
were placed between the Jaws of the planter 
and held there lirmly by spreading handles 
aport and se<-uring them there. This has 
been used various times and guve good sut 
lsi'n>'tlo:i. K. k. I!ii.)uiN.-i. 

I'rotr Snnimlt, W. \ a. 

De%-I(>e fur llniuliliiK HnkiiiK I'inM. 

eto.— 'I'his devlcv is made of No. «( coppered 
steel wire. 'I'lle prongs want to be about M 
inches long und the handle uboiii 7 inches. 


n ll Is made tapering, v.lih an S link on It 
1.1 slide ii|i or down lo lit large or small tins. 
.A.s it (its arciiind under the edue of tin there 
is tut eliaiice to break ihe etlges of pies or 
takes, and enables t)iie to put things In or out 
of any oven wiilimit biirning the hands.: and 
is ulsu nice for removing basins from the 
stove. 'I'tie wire eiist unlv iiNiul two cents, 
and anrone lau mnke <ine. M. iivMKi.s. 
t'hieni/o. III. I 

>'eeky«ike on lliirneHM.— In answer to! 
II. 'I'. -Newmmb, i>{ Wistiinsln. ami tiihers, in . 
regard to using sli<irl neckyokes <.ii harnesK, | 
i would say that in this ctiniiuiinity they 
are a great atlvantage over the jiole straj) 
and neckytike. .V horse I an holtl bark a 
greater amount with the short net kvoke and 
the breeching In this hilly country tiian with 
the ptde .strap and ctiinmon neckyoke. fur the 
reason that the eiulre weight t»f the horse 

• an l>e < «l ngah^st tln> load with t'ltani 

• Ase and lielter efTecl than Willi the pt.le 

strap. No doubt the eomnitm neckvul^e und 

;.oie strap are all right for a level" c.piiiitry, 

»iit tlif>' cerinlnlv are not well julapied to 

the lohif hills whli h we have In this se. tioii. 

Sprankle .Uillx. I'll. tiLAlii: YKA'iKlt. | 

Stone n<int «Tlth Hack. Dpe of the 

most ctiriveiileiii wiivs of hauling curn slalks, • 
tiais. eti- , ftir sullinn purposes is with a ' 
stone boat rigged with tiarliig rai k .! i>r 4 
feet deep. A few l>c.anls anil a l.'x4 seHiiillng 
will iiinke one ill ten uiiiiiites. i:verv fnniier \ 
has tlie Mtutiehnnt. or should have. SVe have 
nseti Hinh n rig for years, and wtnild not be 
wit hunt ofie. 1:. K. Lawhcmk, 

Spafford, V. >'. 

To «itr«'toh nnrhetl Wire. Take out 
the tnil honrd of your wiigon, txire two ln'les 
Uirough (he Mltleboarils. put a irowlmr 
throiiKh the holes, a tt.ll of wire on Die 
crowbar and several tt.ils In the wngon. 
A<>w drive to the corner voii wish to start 
irom and fasten the wire (O the corner p<>s| 
iiiive one mnn hold a shovel or si.nde on the 
'■",','" prevent the wire uncoiling 1.... fnsi. 
Willie you drive on a hundred vnnis or so. 

Wire tight while you ataple It. Then drive 


, OR DtNT 



The Jas. Ross StlfTened Gold Watch Cases 
are an improvement on solid gold cases. 
They are stronger and won' t bend or dent. 
Madeof two layers of gold, with a layt-rof 
BtilTening motal between, welded together 
into one solid sheet. The outside layer 
contains more gold than can be worn ofl 
a case iu 25 years, the time for which • 
Jas. Boss Case la guaraoteed. 

Mas. 0O6S "ZiS" 
Watch Cases 

•re recognlzetl as ths Btandard by all Jewelers. 
They are identical wiih solid gold raies In 
appearance and sice, but much lower In price. 
, Don't accept any case said to be "Just as 

Rood "usihe Bens. I/}olc for theKeyitona 

trade-mark. Bend for txMklet. 

The Keystone Watch Ca«* Company, Phlladalphia. 

A Golden Rule 
of Agriculture: 

Be Kood to your land and your crop 
will be good. Plenty of 


[ AND 

on another hundred yards or so. In thin 
way t.vo men and team can stretch three or 
four times us much wire with less work than 
can be done Iu any other way. 

Lony Valley, Vat. IIi:hiiI::ut F. S.makt. 

(iooil DoK Kennel. — Take a box alioiit 
four feet square, put three or four rafters 
on. shingle It and till It with straw or leaves 
and you have us good a dog kennel as can he 
found. It is cheap and tpiickiy made. 

'!'€» Ilitoii n Cow — ICveryone who hitches ; 
his cows in the stable at night, or uses a 
rope on them iu any way, knows that after 
the rope has been on the cow's horns some 
time it is sometlines hard to get off. The 
easiest way Is to take a strong rope, fasten 
a snap in one end ond a ring far enough 
from the end to go uroiiud the cow's horns 
and snap. Mabkl S. Uauouck. 

UouillLttHville, Tenn. 

Pnlllnir Ont Old PoatM.— Take a chain. 
Blip it around the post ; take a rail, put the 


m I ■ W 4-in<>h Tire Sleet WbeeU 
Empire nunufaclurinc <'o.. <(iiin<-,i . III. 



Strlptiy mw, perfect, 8eml - ITardcned 
steel Hheelp, s feet wide, « feet ItiiiK. Th» 
hinl lltioAiiK, SItlloKtir irlllait ;ou ran ■••. 
No exiwileiice inocHsaiy lo lay It. An 
tirdinary Imnimer or hatchet th«» ODljr 
tools you need. We rurnmh uaila free 
antl paint roofing two RldeR. Comes 
either flat, corruifated or "V" crimped. 
Drilfcreil fr«» of all rliirfrt to all points 
In the U. 8..eaHt of tlie MlwlKoippHUvcr 
__ and North of tho Ohio Hivur 


Prlrei lo olbrr poInU oa appllratloa. A !<i|uura QjiAOb 100 

Bqiiiui- f.-. t \Vr lie fi>r f rfo i'ataii>(f>ie No. 'i'l 

OUCAGO HOUSE Wft£CKiN6 CO., W. 3Sth and iron Sis., Chieac* 

> hnin tjrtiund the rail : put a block under the 
rail, pull at the luil upward. 

.l//.t//iic. Fa. K J. McAllistkr. 

Several I'weii of a Tommon IVeed 

l'i>ke berries are claimed by many to make 
splendid greens If cut early. They must be 
parboiled and cooked with a good piece of 
jiork anil mustard and cress may be mixed in. 
Ilxcellent : I'oke roots chopped up tine and 
fed to a cow or horse are good to Improve 
tilgesiioii. bringing them Into b«'lter contlltlon. 

^fovultle I'Ik i»en. — A neighbor has now 
n pig. or hog rather. In a movable pen which 
ilie hug tiiii move or rotit about the barnyard, 
thereby giving himself a clean, dry spot as 
often iis he wishes. It beats a great many 
hog pens I know of, that are hardly cleaned 
out once a inoiith. It Is simply a rectangular 
box A feet liii^h ami 4x»J feet ou the ground. 
There ;i." four upright posts, one In eac'. 
corner, and light >/i Inch oak lioards ai. 
iialleil oil Uie siilos with .'Much spaces Imc 
iweeii tli«> iMiarils. The l)tittom boards are 
■_' iiKlies from the ground, whit li gives piggy 
a i-liain-e to nse his ntise in transferring his 
■ luaiters at pleasure. y. A. UVKt:. 

Waldo. W. la. 

»»*eet NmellinK Pillow*. — The brown 
spoitetl I'oiiiliiion tif pillow ticks is renily 
i.M'ease :iiiil tilri Mint works lhr<iugli the slips. 
I 'I'll!' covers ionk ilnrk. .vet there is no eon- 
veiilent wiiy tif cleaning tliein. Ticks niaile 
"it iinbleai heit muslin, put over the tbks 
pioper. will .>-nvi' pillows a great deal. They 
liin be removed tind washed once in twi> or 
three mi>iitlis. thus Insuring clean, sweet 
smelling jiiliuws. The e.xtra licks used over 
a larv;e feather bed answers the same pur- 
pose anil is easily removed and washeii. thus 
savliiir niiK ll labor. .Mits. Aka H. I'akkek. 
/i hill. II. 

I'lillinir 4 iihltaiceN.— Tn pull my tab 
bilge this l"a!l lor storage. I hit iiDon a sIm 
pie tievice wlllill snvetl miicli I line aiitl lab«>r. 
I'rttiii the wi'imIs proi lire o forkeil stick aliont 
Ma lo \-y, inches thick, any sort of llinlier. 
Have the about 2 feet long, tlie handle 

^llllli' leliutli laper the liaiMlle to 111 vi.iir 

liiiiiil. Sh'.ve I he proiiirs iiniler n lieail of 
tahliaire iinti a lift on the liaiiilli> will tiraw 
ll. I'iiey lilt easily and It can be done al- 
nio«t us fast as you walk. li. J. IIdh.nuk. 
Homers. I a. 

lllnnelilnic *'elery.--Lasf Spring I tried 
the new celi'iy culture, using Sfaiile's Self 
Itbintliing variety, but ftuind It did not 

lilllllt h well, so iliij; trenches in sintike house 
anil set Ihe plants < lose in with all tlirt and 
roots adlierlng. nnil iioiiretl water In trenches 
octositiiiallv I have now tin November • a 
heti of well l.'ancheil celerv. anil it is Just as 
tender and iiiilty as It looks. 

Ifunnir. T< :. W.M. \\ . Rranom. 

Thix Will Intereat Many. 

r. W. I'arkhiirst. the Boston publisher, sars 
that If any one afflicted with rheumatism In 
any foriu. or nenrnlgln. will send their address 
to him. nt K04 1»« WInthrop nidg.. Boston, 
>f«ss.. he will direct them to ■ perfect cure. 
He has nothing tti sell or give; only tell you 
how he was cured after vesrs of search for 
reiur Hundreds have tested It with succesa. 


Addregs,6emmer Edk. ^ Mffc. <'o..Marlon,lBd 

oayeny Oalvaiil7.ed Htrel Wind Mills. 
wHlHwUH Soltl under u mom ponltlve liuaraiitre. 
Write for liHiid>-<>iiie llluHtraletl I'ittaiuRUe FIIKK. 
Tbe MtOTer 1At«. <°o., 56'J Kreeporl, 111. 

Free Rupture Ciire 

If ruptured write lo'llr. W. s. Kioe. t50l Main St., 
AUaius, .N v.. ami lie will aeiid Iree a trial of hin won- 
derful method. Whether fkeptleal or not (ret thii fr«s 
method and try the remarkable InTentlon that cure* 
^ith'>ut pain, daiiiter. operation or detention from 
worlc Wrlus to-day. Don't wait. 

"^An Advance in Price 

Shares Now 20 Cents Advanced to 25 Cents on 

January 12th. 


February 12. 

This is an Opportunity of a Lifetime. 


THK llrht HtockhoIderH in the llIinois.('olorado (iil, (Jan «t Coal Conipaiiy 
have ulretwiy made 4(M) per tent, on their inveHtnietitH au<i will make 
•KM) per cent, more in tlie ne.xt >1.\ inontiiH. One lliindred DollarH will 
beeonie f4(M). Why give your banker lUO per eent. on theearniiiKH of your 
money and take S per cent, for youn^elf when you ean iiiveht and receive 4U() 
per cent. (Ill your money within hI.x inotithH from date? We cannot jmy 
you dividtiids in ;^0 dayn, but will promise you lilvidentlH within six montliN. 
The IlliiioiH-Colorado Oil, (iaH «.V Coal Conifiany owns free and clear of all 
encumbrance 1040 acres of the finest oil land in the State of Colorado, located 
in the jrieat South Park. The Conijiany has expeiiikMi thou.sands of dolltirs 
for niHchinery, buildings, etc., and has under employment a full set of 
drillers and to«jl shar|iener.><, and they are w»)rkiiig day antl night to reach 
the oil sands. The drills are dropping in the bhale formation which overlays 
the oil sandstone. Our ollirers and direetora are all prominent and Buccet^sful 
businessmen of Chicago, Illinois. 


Until Jan. Uth. 

•.VM) %vtH *>ny 2500 slinreii. 
9-^iM» \«lll buy lUOU •hnien. 

• 1<»0 will liiiy rtOO Mhnrea. 

• to \*n\ buy 'i»0 Hliarrs. 
940 «vlll buy IIMI shnrcs. 
Sil> will buy 50 sttares. 

If ileitlred yon can piirchiiw 
aliHri^ on the iDntallinent plan. 
Twenty-live |>er cent, with yiiiir 
order, 'J'l |ier cent. In :«• daya anil 
the halaiice. .Ill per treat., in tto 
duyjt. KKME.MBKH, price k.I 
vitni-es to J', cent* .iHiiiiitry I'.'tli, 
'.\illi until her attvuili e tu 3U ceiit.M 
I'p' rii.irv I'.'tli. 


Fortunes In OIL 

The (|uestloii |>reseiit«il lo the iiilnil of every 
ciiiilloiis liives'nr Is: "Wliut returns muy 1 ex- 
I'ect fr»>ni my liivestuieuf.*" We quute iht fol- 
lowing table to show : 

SAi Invested In oil I'ltv I'et In llHKl reull/eil t:%rw. 

S'Jii in .fsteil ill I uluti Oil Cuiiii^iuuy Iu ItHX) real- 
ized «:ai,uiiii. 

T-:*) Invested Iu New York UH Coinnauv Id IWW 
reall/etl fx.OUO. 

N'Ki Invested in lioiiie Ull Coiu|>uuy Iu lliOU realized 

«iu» Invested In .^nn Juai|ulue Iu HHJO realized 

<**> Invested In lltiiifortl (Ml ('tiiii|iiiiiv Iu I'JOO 
niili/.fti Sl.s,;«iii. 

'I'liese arc oiil.v a few ctiiii|iuiiles. We can slve 
.\'tiii a llflt of H liuiiilreil iiitire. W lint oilier legltl- 
_ _ uiate liivestuient cuu show tt lilte returuV 

FrM„V PAII> *.\l» FOItKVKH ^«»:\-\SMKSSAIII.K. Winn vou IpIiv uiitl i.uv for 
your shares VOI» TAX NKVKK UK TO AIMV Ft HTIIKR I):iPK.\MK. Ctdorado 
pnnliicie a IiIkIi irrnd** IlliiiiilnnlliiK oil which Is liecoiiitiiK a scarce iimtlnct In the I'nlted 
BtHtCK. )t Is only n i|iiP.Mfton of tlinP when hitjh ►triitle llliiiiilniiltnif oil stocks will coin- 
niHiKl the nltpnt1t>n of (he worlil. Write for our prost.fctu« nt once. AI.I* nunKItfl 
CKNTS. If ytiii liiiM- not thuM i,, (i.vpmi iimfp tieforc tint tintc. -♦■nd In votu ortlcr and 
UjvHsil./Hte arterw(ir>l, !»•' THK^' MOT KATIHFIRU WITH VOIR IMVKSTMKXT 
WK WILL. RKPr.\D VOUK MO.NKY. .Address: 

W. P. GARRISON, President, 


1600- 79 Dearborn St. Chicago, III. 





The Practical Kakivier 

January 3, 1902. 


Mistakes, Failures 

and Successes^ 

tlio yi'iirs rollrd l).v. 'I'liis year tliat suspii-ion 
lins il<-vclo|ii'il lull) llii> (lishciii'it'iiin;; Imt jHisi- 

In thU (leiuirtiiii'iil <-\i- iiiiIiIImIi the Mislukex, Fait- I 
iireu anil Snci-fst<«'s ol our milisiTiln-rs. TliJ-y an' i 
fqiiuly iiiMtnirtivf iiiiil iir<'HH.sary, |>uiiiti[ii; the way to | 
succefw. siiliMTiliHrs an- <Minli;illy iiivitcil lo s*-!!)! ar- | 
coiintM <il »'fti;H.'< liit-y liave iiiaile wliirli ifsulti-il in j 
fuillirr'. aH well u-> UufV wlik'li proved HiirccNstiil. Uive 
in a few words your (•.•t|MTli-iii-e of aiiytliiiit; connected 
witli farm or iionsidiolil w»»rk. A cauli pnze of SO 
cents for tin* lii'«t ci.ntril>iilioii. and 'i'l cents lor each 
Otlier coiitril>iition imhlislicd, will l.t' paid to 1'. !•'. 
yearly sulixcrllH'rs. Only ludpful coininiinicatlonK 
of vaine to I', t . nadi ri will !«• acc-ptcd. 'I'lie lieuii 
of tJie column will l.c i i.nHidfM'd Hit- position oi .lonor 
eacU week. Send all coniiuunicalioim lo Oeo. T Pel- 
tit. Oneida, Kan. 

How We Kill Turk. — We arc most in- 
teroRicd nadt IS ..i" tlie 1'. I'.. wlil<-h we llUe 
very uiiK li. I saw ill Ili<" I'siper u lew weeks 
aip) Ji n.iie on Die (lilVereul ways of Kllilii« 
Ikiks for meal, so I will tell you how we do 
with our li<>;-'s. The nU'ht li'l'ore we biiuiier 
1 pill all ol niv meat hnus oil the siale.s ami 
ke.p I hem ilu'ie till iiio.nini,'. Then when 
iiiv I hares are <loiie and uiy iilalfoiin and 
KcaldliiK barrel are reaily. I hit< h to the U<ni 
rack, hack It mt l<> ihe chute whhh N at the 
d<ior ot the s(;ilo, and inileily d' ive niy jiork- 
ers Into ihe rack. 1 now htiiil them aioiiiid to 
the hiitcherliiu phice and lm> k the wapm up 
so the rear end cf ra/k Is over Ihe plallonn. 
Here 1 leave thill till the v\ater is in the 
barrel and all is ready, by which lime they 
will pndiuhlv ail he lyinjr down asleei>. When 
readv I shoot iheni one at a time as 1 want 
theji. iisiiij; a rille. stick and pull out on the 
platiorm lo bleed, and ihey usually bleed 
(luile well. Ill this way we uvoiti worryluK 
the hojis and there is no lil'liiiK' to «et the 
•lead ones on the plail'oiin lo scald them, 
'ihis plan mav n 't be new to some of ymir 
readers, but * have never seen it des<ribed 
in the paper. A.ui 1 tell you it Is a j;o id. 
handy w ly thai any imd every farmer can 
adopt If iie no belter way. 

...... J.. 1' V.o iV 

live knowledge that 
all noihlng nioie 
liavis, a* \ariely 
.-■o little that I 
single I ri'e III my 
of walli;i>; means 
the wroiiK side of 
sidcialile of the oh 

mv 4t) iree.s 
nor less 
of whMi 
had not 

a:e uje autl 
than Ilea 
1 thou;,'ht 

incliidetl a 

Our Barter G^lumn^ 

ordi-r. Several years 

miK h to a pei'soii o.i 

liny, and it Is with I'on- 

inierest and energy lai-k- 

/,<■/<«. hi. •'■ .Noi..\X. 

jAn excelleni plan, friend Ncl:>.n. TheiP 
is no more hiiiiiane wav lo kill ho;is than to 
have them penned up close, as you have them 
in Ihe wau.ii. and ilieii shoot iheiu with a 
linhi riile heiorc sticking. Ku.l 

<<oaie «if Oiir .MiMtnkPH. — Onn of the 

pruiiest mistakes of tiie farmers of today 
is ill bciii« suniewliat iiejiliKeiit in the <le- 
st met ion of foul and hitler weeds. Noxious 
ami even p<;i ;i>nous wi'cds are lo be seen 
aloiiK nearly all hiu'hways and In lieiils where 

they ripe'l tln-ir s Is aid scalier Ihem 

broad<ast. The loss sustained by the fann- 
ers for a sln;,le yiar from this lause would 
count up into the" millions. \ Utile effort ex 
pended In desiroyln;; these weeds would 
KreatiV reduie the loss. Instead of buyliiK 
turnip' seed of a reliable seedsman. I waited 
•' Ml s'lwiuK time and then boimht seed of 
my trrocer. The result was I did not |.M a 
tuVnlii from ihree acres, 'ihe .seed did not 

• ■ ' iliabiy several years 


111 J fii^v^j. aii' ........ .. «.- . --.-. .... r • ' — 

turnii> from ihree acres, 'ihe .seed did not 
i;erniinaie and was probably several years 
iihi. I'armers. jilease laki- notice: l»o not 
follow my example; I will try to do better 
rest time. Tllx.s. 1*. iJot (illKUlV. 

'iyiunr, /'(I. 

KaininK MniiKt'lH iind Snicnr neetN — 

In former yiais I have niaile a pariial fail 
lire iu tcrowidi: maiijiels and su^ar l)'eis. 
llrsily by net havi.ii; tny uroiiiid plowed iu 
the I'alf. thus tioi W\\\ti able lo Ket tliein 
Fown as early as iliev sh .uld have been. And 
Hecondly. in uoi bavins; the ground sullicleut- 
Iv fertilized: wlnii ihe plants cume up they 
did not make a c lod. healihy growth and 
«hove aloiin I'.hcad of the weeds. I!y sowintj 
early on well iCriilized ground I have this 
season had compli't"' success wiili these crops. 
UmlthiUU. t nil. !•'. II. rATTKiisoN. 

('nrnniltrr I'lcklen. 'I'o make cucumber 
phkles that will kei^p a year and be always 
i«nily for use. wash the cu< umliers clean, 
I lit iu a sioui- jar. turn boiling water on 
them, let stand lo or 1- hours, then take 
nut and drain. Have elder vine^rar reaily in 
jiir prepared thus: one gallon vinepir, one 
cup salt, one cup su),'ar, one cup h<irse ratlisli 
root clean^-d anti I'lil uii line, three talilesiHiOiis 

up salt, one cup su),'ar. one cup n<irse ratiisii 
oot clean^'d anti <'Ul up line, three taliles|Hio:is 
round mustard. Stir all in llie vinegar cold. 
KroMtiiifr. The successful way of mak- 
ing milk /rosiinK or maple without ee^s Is to 
tiot stir it after it is t'ooked until cold. To 
make milk frost inK use one cup tiu^ar and 
live talilespoonfiils sweet nillk. 

I ...... I. V \ %fi.^. I li I- . v....-,i.'fi> 

.iriinl,, \. y. 

.Mas. 1,. I» V.wocKKK, 

inn lliat 1 lake up my pen lo write out a new 
list. Isxperieiice has made me wise enough, 
however, lo iiiaUe my seleciioii from the caia- 
loKue <if a tirni whicli is tried and true. 
.\<ir Itiiiin, in. T. A. S. 

WiileriiiK tiie IienvoM. — I wish to raise 

an objection lo the letter of Klecta Tlnierman 
in a receiii issue, in rejiard lo watering the 
leaves of her gloxinias. I sprinkle the leases 
of mine IhoiodKlil.v several lliiies a week and 
sometimes e\fiy da.\'. Have one bu!h fun- 
years old and it carried more bloom this 
year than ever before. it was simply won- 
derful iinill a whlrtwIiKl < ame ahur; and 
broke every liraiich loose. It is certain that 
water never injured any of mine. Some pio- 
ple claim thai water must never touch the 
leaves of a Kex be;;onia. Now this Is all 
bosh. too. I siiiay the iiaves of mine nearly 
every inorniiiK as soon as the drtsi is cleaaed 
up lifK-r sweeping', and 1 have live varieties. 
I always set Ihem <iut of the sun till dried 
ofT and Ihey do line for me. I would like to 
know how fo.ks keep their plants clean and 
hcalih^v thai allow waU'r only ai the roots. 
.\ow. iriends. I do not mean to hurt the feel- 
ings of anyone : sim|ily give my own exjieri- 
eiK e lo siiow thai water will not hurt if 
jiroperly used. I wash all my (ilanls; some 
of I hem are even sciulibed l<i keep down scale, 
etc.. on ferns. |ialins and orange trees. I-"or 
this I use soft s a|) and If tlioroughl.v done 
lliere will be flu more scale on that iilatit fur 
a yiar or two. M.\ui:;l Kitt:siKi:v K.nulu. 
Jlinillund, 'J'lim. 

T» <'iire Woan«l Minle by %'nll. — I 

will tell of the very best way 1 have ever 
a Hore made by stepping on 
by a prick from a iiltchforU. 
sore with water an<l carbolic 
acid to the i)int of water i, 
water if the acid Is not at 
hand. .Now make a llax seed poulth-e. put a 
liille turpentine on It and bind ii on the sore. 
it will lake Hie soreness oul and Ihere will 
be very small danger of lock.iaw. Have trii-d 
Ihe lemedy a number of times and know it Is 
good. .Mas. K. A. 1*vgi;ut. 

L'llivunh, .\. y. 

found to docior 
a rusty nail or 
I'irst w-ish the 
acid t !•"> drops 
or clean warm 

Dt'iiliiiK with AtcenfN. — llow many good 

peojile make Ihe mistake of allowing "them- 
selves to be swindled out of their hard eained 
ilollais b.v false agents. A few' y<ars a-.'o a 
Iniii tree a^teiit came through This cou.iiry 
selling frost proof pi aches, bll'zhi -|>m> if pears 
and <iiil!iies, and other luivellies with high 
We had been reading the 
he taken In by such as he, 
neighbors gave hlai large 
Ihe trees died, and llio-e 
w-ithsiaii<l till' cold or 
any better than other 

sounding names. 
I*. !•". too ling to 
but some ot our 
• •rdi rs. .Manv of 
Ihai lived did not 
ia\ages of disease 

AdvertiHeniPiits will lie received for thin column 
from our yearly .siihm-rilierH only. Only advertise- 
nieiil8 of larins for sale, articles for ejcchange, help 
wanted, imsitioiis wanted, etc., will I* received. 
Charge I cent per word for each insertiun. Xo ad- 
vertisements of lesH than 'St words or more than 10 
agate lines will be admitted to the column. Tbib col- 
umn will apiiear each ultprnate week. 

4^,S|i«>riul Notire. The farms advertised In 
this column immt be the farm of the advertiser, and 
not placed in Ms hands liy another person for sale or 
exchiinge. No advertisements from Ileal Kstate 
Agents will he accepted for this column; they must go 
"n our regular advertlHing columns at regular rates. 

Wnnteti. A good, full llerkshire l>oar ready for 
h«' vice, at reasonable price. Write me, J. 
Khank ('rouse, .N. ('. 

It%'»nt u iiiuii with taniily to work on a fruit farm 
and learn the hiislnesN. A StiiilliTii man, Dane 
or Kiveile preferred. W. H. HocilKI.I.K. Medon,T«un. 

Sule <ir OflTer*. llolNteiii hull, year old, daut sired 
by Ohio Kxi erinient stutmii bull: young calves. 
Clark N Ciiiaway harrow wanted. U. N. MUhtuKB, U. S, 
Woo^ter, Ohio. 

J^or HHle. IdU acres. 1.1 Improved; kooiI buildiiiRs; 
yimiij orcliunl. t, acie Ntrawljeriles, and good 
: WMter. I'llce, fli.iHi. Kor full purticularw aUdretss, 
J. linriiino.N, AshlMnd, Va. 

Ij'or Mule, (tood ilaiiy furm, containiiig 100 acres, 
in W ayne Co., Pa. Oood house and t>arn; giaid 
soil. Would make kooiI .'SumDier residence for city 
people. Addrews. Wahnkh I.kstkh. Kquiiiiiiik, l*a. 

'■ / V ftlve .Me u Hume In the Houth. " I can't 

\' Kise you one, liiil 1 can sell you an HO acre 

farm reiisonalil.v in the land of the IiIk red apple. If 

' biterchteil address, S. Jt. Ahuknh, Uural Uoute No. 2, 

Fay^'teville. Ark. 

A' our C'huneet Need m<ney ! Kor 1300 will sell 
1 H solid lot-, near cenlie i f live money-making 
city of Iii.eOO, Murphyslioro, Jackson Co., III. Hare 
file for store and poultry combined. Title warranted. 
TiiOBfK, Oakleite, Va. 

'yiTautrd. An experlenceil man to rent farm of 
VT aliiiiit '.liio acres, on HhiKumon Cieek. near 
OraiiKevllle; cash oi shares, (iood market for all pro- 
iliicts: Rood iieiehhors. school aiid churches. R. E. 
Masos. Kairnioiit, W. Va. 

\\J allied. Hy capulile. relialile. soher man. with 
T* lauill.v, lo manage truck, garden, or general 
farniliiK. Aliiny yearn' experience. Keqnire goisl 
house. Fill fv dollars month; l>e^t reference. AddreHS, 
J W . R., Itox -JM. Wllliamsliurit, Va; 

1.>ur Mule. l>ai>-y iariii and milk ruiiie. '2.'>ii a<-res; 
^ IT.'iih ciilllvatlon. biilani-e tlmlier; one hutr mile 
from city ol 1^>0U iiihahitants; 80 acres In grain; good 
liouse; two harns, and silo. Thirty dollars au acre. 
M. C. llii K. Mc.Mlnnvllle, Warren Co., Teiiii. 

I/'or Mule. Hid HIT s of flue, level, black, rich land, 3 
1 miles tioni town, Hheretbere is 3 lari;* elevators; 
all in cultivation except Hii acres of iiastiire; cood 
tioiisi-, siiihII lenement house. I larue Kranaries, 2 
iiiiicliii e shells, one 'H hy 40. other 16 hy •>, fair barn, 
Kood calileshed; '.! good wells ot water, one inside itie 
honse. I'rice. ?ii per acre; easy terms. Chah. K. 
IllCKH, Hope, No. Il.ik. 

vaiielles 1 hey iiiiglii liave procured better 
trees from tlie hoiiie tiursery;nan without 
paying such f:incy prices. I'.eware of oily 
toii'.'Med ageiiis who are selling someihlng iin- 
his'd of uiii; which your own commou sense 
tei'S >iiii is an impossibility. 


No Smoke ITonse. 8moke meat with 

Made from hickory wood. Gives delirioaa flavor. 

ChHsper, clpanrr than old way. Kend for cir- 
oalar. E. Kraaser & Bro,, Alllton, Pm* 



lo'JR FREE itltiAJm UTiffAh'lL 



Reduced Wholesale Prices 

Oil all kiiiilH of fencing wire, including 
theli«^sl Coiled Soring Wire niiide. Send 
lor catalogue desi'ribiiig Itie C'levelaed 
t'eiwe, « 'oiled Sielng and Mteel (iates. 

Short <'orn.- My «-orn was Ihe shortest 
last year ibai I liiive raised since I have Iceii 
farming. No douhl Ihe chief cause was the 
iinfavoiable season for growing corn, but I 
nnticed that where there was vegetable mat 
ler in the soil ihe crop was go.>d. Our land 
has, by coiiiinued cropping and washing, been 
ilepleted that no ci-on does well except in an 
except Imially favorable season. We have a 
lew farmers v\liii are able to put Ih" neces 
sury am lunt of humus In the soil, but the 
jfreat maJo;lty are not able. If iliere Is a 
coiiniry in greater need of a radbal change 
in farming I ban I his. Its condillou is had. 
In the last two years niudi soil has been car- 
ried away. In fact, more Hian for many 
years juevloiis. S. M. TicKi.t:. 

Tli'tm. Tiiiii. 

Thou*' AkcmIm AHTiiin. - Having read In 
these columns of several ineiliods by which 
the wily a-.:eiii has taken advantage of the 
iinsuspeethig farmer. 1 am lempieil to give 
my experience in buying fruit I rees. It Is 
nlx>iit ten years since I gave my order for 
•lo apfile trees to Ihe agent of what was con 
sidered a reliable nursery. .Vs the trees were 
for filling vacant (ilaces In an old orchard 
and were Intended solely for home use. I 
Hcleeted them with Ihe grejilest i are. Itegln- 

nlng with Hie i:. June and selecting from 
two to four of each variety. I fiianned to 
have a mil cession thrniighout the Summer and 
I'all, wli'i n lot of (rood keepers for ^Vlnter 
use. I was eiithiisbistlc and hopeful aid 
tended those 1 pees most faUhfully. Tliree 
years niro when the most forwarri hei'nn henr- i 
Ing there arose In mv mind a horrible su<- 
picion wbicli baa ooly been streuytbeued ui i 

Sickness steals more savings than the 
Siiiglar. Slowly, coin by coin, the 
money that has been so hardly earned 
is paid out for drugs and doctors. 
Sickness is the worst enemy of the work- 
ing man, and the contmon cause of the 
working man's sickness is disease of the 
stomacli often involving the heart, lungs, 
liver, or kidneys. 

The use of Dr. Tierce's Golden Med- 
ical Discovery will ttop the stealing of 
the savings hy sickness. It cures dis- 
eases of the stomach and other organs of 
digestion and nutrition. It cures dis- 
eases of heart, liver, lungs, kidneys, etc., 
wlicu these diteases are caused by the 
diseased condition of the stomach and 
its allied organs. 

"About ten years ago I began to have trouble 
with my stomach." writes W in. I'onnolly, of «,i5 
Walnut Strict. I^)rain, Ohio. "It got •» batl I 
had lo lay off quite often two .ind three davs in 
■ ^vcak, my .stomach would Moat, and I would 
belch up gas, and was in awful distress at !>uch 
times. I have employed and licen treated by 
the Ijcst doctors iu the city but got no help 
whatever. liy some way or other I h,ip|>ene(t to 
gel hold of a vial of your ' Pellets.' and I thought 
they helped me. It was then I wiotc to you tor 
•dvicc. Voii told me that by my symptoms you 
thought I had liver complaint, and aovised the 
use of your ' C.ohirn .Vtciiical lii.scovery ' and 
"Pleasant Pellets' iu connection. These medi- 
cines I have taken ns directed, and am very 
happy to state that I commenced lo get better 
from the start and have not lust a day this 
summer on account of my stomach. I feel lifK 
top. and t)etter than 1 have lor ten years." 

Accept no substitute for "Golden Med- 
ical Discovery." Nothing else is "just 
as goo<l." 

Dr. Tierce's Pkasant Pellets regulat* 
the bowels. 

If Page Fence 

lin't reallv a betle^ence, then we are mlxtaken. 
The material, and the lal«>r on it, coft more, and 
we randldlv belleTe It In Is-ttor and Ia»ti> longer. 
VkiiV. VmW.H WIKK »K>< i:(0.,AI»KIA>,)lirH. 




Olilo C»rriac« Wltg. Co. 

on SO da.vs Free 
Trial. Send hir 
Free Catalogue, 
^ta. 37, Cincinnati, O. 

Carriages and Harness. 

Our larse KRKF. cataloKue Khowii complptc line. 

flrnd for it. 
Klklmrt. lad. 

Send for 

logue of. 


at fac- 
. prices. 

Til* Columbun larrlife h Uaraeu I'u., Vox Viri, Culuuibui, Okie. 



8port«mftn wrll«: •*8»fB*fr beat f«a tn 

«*rld." No more after prt-.ieni lot Boltl. OrtK.iml ■lide^ 

laverjpin Fnadts of fnr(r»'i! ettvi, flaf>it flitureri twist sitci 

Btronce«t reDWkur matW. Head tit ff«o ■*•& (^'O. D., halanM 91U.76 . 
and iTrrniiMgriTT-r-'TT — %Uow4k1. V. BftSMraM, fcl9 BrM4«ft/i "■■• \ 


Tlieoidysureen»fiilflel(l fence maker. Ball 

heiuiiik'. Auloniiilic. fiin|)li', lile-iastlng. 

A Child Can Onaratm It, 

A level lic'udcil Imv caii Hike it apart and 
put it to(.'Ctln-r. It iiiiikea most perfect 

Fence at Coat ot Mf/re. 

Horlilnf m-nt un Triil. Pluin an-.l llarbed 
Wip'iit Whn|p»«lr rriccn. C'utaloi;uo Free. 

n 48 Muncie, Indiana. 


vs i 




Steer, Hull, or Hoiso hide, or any kind of hitle 
or Hkin, and let us tun it with the huir on, soft, 
light, odorless, for robe, rujr, coat or uloves. 

Ilut fl rat get our Catn loifue, tfiviiiK prices, and 

our Rhlppinir tags and instructions, so as to 

avoid mistukus. We buy raw furBaudginiieug. 


116 Mill Street, Kocbestcr, N.Y. 




Pipe, Machinery and Building 
Supplies in General. 




No. 3 "Prize" 

Best Feed (hinder Money Can 
Buy for Operation with Gasoline 
or Steam Engine, Tread Power, 
Power Wind Mill, etc, 

Ww ■■ H • (grinds rapidly 
making rplundld fccij, ta- 
blo meal or gralmm Hour, 
lias ample capacity for 
4 or 5 liorso pi wer, and 
ail aiitoniultr fe«'il retf- 
ul.ii'T. wliiili pre\ents lis— 15 
i'ii"kiNg down tie li.;litc8t 
puwrr; is liullt Ur<>iii;lioiit of iron and steel and will 
la.'it a life time Tbous.-iiids in u^c fnr lOaiid V' vears 
still M good o^ new. Wi- make <i6 slues and ntj1os of 
Ki'i-d (irindem, iiu-liidini; tlip onl.v rinllT sum sfiful 
Corn nn<l Ci.b, and lorn. Cob and l«iiiirk Feed 
Orlnilrm.. AlS'>arull lino nf Kii»llair« and KodtJer 
I uttrrs, lluxkcrK, Shcll^■r^. Wood Sn« s. Sweep Qofse 
l'o»«TB, Tread Hor^e I'owcrti. W I..1I MIIIh, etc. 
nVi''' I'l-'t/iy ft/r/rrr rrttnhnpir. 

APPLETON MFG.fO. 2S Farno ?t,. Batavia, 111. 

Attr*i't< •tlenllnn, but 711a can't hli1« thr •rlflaali with •ntxtl- 
tail •. Thr Kru<tri>il«l Kprinit Slwl Wire wax Ih* nr.t on (he 
narkei, (ikI in quftllty, prrfcctlnn of coll, aoil Mrvioc, it PIRST 
yet. I .C.I to kll our f.nir»«. CtlaloKne free. 

Th* frsst WIr* F«bc* Co., CI«T*i«a4« O. 


ia the earliest, eaaiest worked and mott pra* 
ductive land, Ky usmt; tile .vmi Ket rid uf^tli* 

aurplut wat«r and adroit tin- air to the noil— 

p^both ncoetwary to best result* in atrrlcujturo. My AGRICULTURAL 

DRAIN TILE meets every requirement. Make bKo Sewer Pipe, Red 

and Fire Bricli, Chimney Top*- Encaustic Side Walk Tile, ete. wme for 

what you wnnt nnd pr.res. .IftHN if. J ACK.sii.\, 4<1lilrd Are. Albany. N.Y. 

A Perfect Weeder 

in all soils, under all conilitiona. Thp all important feature of flexibility 
of teeth is near perfection in the YORK IMPROVED. 

Mnde of 8<]uara spring steel with round points, and s»'t stiii; 
licred in slronur but neiible aiiRle ^teel frnme. Wide eleamaer. no 
eloftclnc. tretli too ntranc to breali. MultiplieH pnxluclni; •iimlltleii 
of K'lil and does not whip or hnilse ^rowlnfr plant. Adjustable 
handles andiib.ifts. Write for free de»orl|iilveclr<'ulor. 

Spangler ManufaeturinQ Oo.t Se7 OaNt Stml, Tdrk, Pa. 

A Perfect Woven Fencem 

Not of short wires to disenf^aKe and injure stock with loose ends. Hori7/»ntal and 
triLss wires all continuous, very strong at top and bottom. Me^hesof main and 
truss wires always rcmjiln in place and bind the whole into a compact bar against 
all stock. In vafions heights, 18, 24, etc., up to 54 Inches. A fence that is beaut if ill, 
strong and pK'rmanent. I'rovides for expansion ami contraction in heat and cold. 
Never eajrs while po«t9 stand np. V">it<'foroatftlo(r. 

OUYMHOOM WIRE A FEmoi CO., Dmpf M Cuyahotfrn FalU, Ohio. 

INDEX TO VOLUME LXXXV, THE PRACTICAL FARMER. From July i, 1903 to January i, 1903, 






AtiUK I I.Tl'ltAI.. 


.\.ralfa luluivc 

.Vikull Koil, what lo plant . 
Apples and |ii);)< i» .\i'k. . . 4'J 
iinrii biiikUng, 8Ug>;i>.'<(iiiiis 

aboil I Kil, 257 

Kbpii ua.s lar»it'r. wInIhs. .;{(».■* 
(.'emi'iil lloiir. iiiyiii;; a....i:i'J 
(Movoi- and small nialii in 



Cider mill, small 

Clolbes reel, our 

.t Clothc8 wringer 

li^lClotlioH wriuger, how 
repaired the 

Corn iiitier, sled 

Corn fodder, baiiliug. . . . 

Corn harvester, wheeled. 


. -JS.") 
. .181 

. :;8 
. ii.-.a 

Corn liiisker and shredder ill 

rmr.« " '"...... ICtu-n tools. intelllRent use.:iH5 

ai ^l In 1 view of .•.".,l'"nO '■ ^'•""^ '»»'>*• "«' "^'^ •'' ^ 

tr viiiu an. s Jl^^^ "'** I Coverer, to steady the....:il7 
giowiut; ami spn Itrl ij.y^ ,^11 tie 1.-.7 


in I Mill 

gi'iiwitig. . I<i2 
In old Ky.. n-d^. . . . (KS 
Clover iiiii'stion \\ usli. 81 
t'lover seed In .Mi-.. Imw to 

put 111 200 

Clover sod lio )ilowed early 
or sdiue growth turned 

ill ititi-r, shiiii q:> 

Clover sihI. when shall he 

plow ^T.i 

Clover, what tt» do with 

s(';( nd irop 20!> 

Coiuuu'irlai l°ertill/ers and 

boiiii' inixliig .■{w4 

Corn and riiw jieas ">l 

Corn, sei'd 355 

Cow pens 162 

Cow i>eas and wheat .'t.'18 

Cow pens In ivy .'{70 

t.'ow pias In .Md 14(1. 21»0 

Crop growing and crop 

feeding 3;iS 

Crops, hov.- many: soiue 

good : why V 113 

Drainage 1 

Draining Hal ilay Innd-..^.'* 

Draining laud, tile 12'.i 

Draining swaiiijiy plafe...»r3 
Drain Ules. a siibsiliuie. . l.ll 
ICdiualliin. do we need. ... 35 
l-'anuer and a good one. be 

a • or Hiiiiuiblng eiNe. . .309 
I'artuer's experlenre iu 

'•***' Cultivators, 

15 ( 


Cultivator wheel 

Drag lor stumpy ground 

Drag, hinged 

Drag, Improved plank.. 
Drill among stumps, disk. 4 14 
Drill, clean up the grain.. '.13 

lirlll. delVet in disk til 

Drill, diiiible disk rice 317 

iMllls. about wheat 28 

Drinking fountain 381 

Droppitig tube 157 

i-.vener for tongue , a 3- 

horse 253, 349 

Kveners, light 221 

l''anuing lutU, use of 125 

Karm .Nlaihlnery often falls (il 

Farm power 317 

Feiu-e, a good farm 28 

Fenees thai endure, wire.. 317 

Fodder sled, handy 221 

Fruit evaporator, our.... 189 
dates, metal brace for.... (il 

(iate. wheel 28 

IJrlndstone, the 189 

Harness hook, safety ring. 189 

Harness, adjustable 189 

Harrow and cultivator. .. 125 

Harrows and drills 285 

Harrow for corn 189 

Harrow for small farm... 157 

Harrow, hand 253 

Harrows. |>olnts on spring 

.Miiiituna. u 
Farmi'i-s gn 

shiiiild young 
I'arni. li^'W lo 

run down 

to college, 
biiug u|i a 

tooth . 28 

Harrow, the Acme 125 

Harvi'siliig machinery. . . .ISil 

llav balers, about 189 

liay. Cie snatch block in 

handling 01 

Heat producer, a 253 

Hoe. cog wlieel t;ardeu. . . . 157 

Hog lifter 414 and a half, a 253 

Horse collars, steel .349 

implements. experience 

wltli some 285 

Implements iu cattle shed 93 
Incubator, experience wltii 



. 385 
I'arm. how to increase the 
I fertility of a Delaware. .209 
Farming In Oklabmua . . . .:'>(.Ki 

Farm notes from our 321 

I'arm ready for making 

money, getting the old.. 273 
Farm, success on a small. ((.'» 
I'Vuces. hiiw lo put up wire 00 
Fertilizers at home, mix- 
ing 147, 200 

Fertilizers, how we stic- 

ceeded with ciunnierclal .274 i, ,,„,,,.,. ,,,„ 
Fertil zern.somethliig ab.iutl3(i ^Y.hi. •...1 ti,;,;MhiA»" " 
Fertilizers. Ihe using -H'.. .34 !*"■"" '""?• «»"-'-«hlnK. . 
I'Ire, arrangements tight lug 101 
I'Mles out of stable, how 

can I keep 49 

Carden, a fariiter's experl- 

. 2.58 
. 82 

^ • «" ..rcii« 

(Inrden. the value of farm 98 i.ionters nnd cultivators 
Grass and pluais, exi.eri ' lanters ana cultivators 

euce with 114 

il>'as.<i, curing poor 3 

Crass culture, nn 322 

Ilay crops, and how to 

make them 3115 

Health hints ....19. .33 49. 

05. 81. ".17. 113. 12!i 145. 

101. 193, 2 lit. 225, 211. 257. 


Garden, carpeting the.... 54 1 

(tarden hints 178 

(Jardeii, money In the.... 374 
Garden, uoies from a Car- 
olina ...0, 80, IIK, 134, 
182, 2.'!tl. 294, 31t», 312, 358, 
374, .l!l(l. 
(iinseng promises, what... .'IS 

(jrai»es. pnipagating 182 

Greenhouse, a makeshift . .400 

Help pi-oblem. the 374 

Herb window, the .310 

Horse radish for market.. 214 
Humus' from cover crops.. 240 

ll.umus. the value of 182 

Insects. appUcailnn to the 

soil for 38 

Leaves, fallen 2'.t4 

Lettuces, the 102 

Lima beans and trellis. ... 70 

Manure, composting 358 

Ntw tricks 38 

Nitrate of soda 

Onion, a hardy winter. ... 70 

Union iiueries 310 

Unions, a'""wlng. keeping. . 118 

I'ickles, tlie 100 

I'ulnts and pickings. .. .0. ,38, 
70, 118, 1.34, l.)(», 100, 22i», 
320. 342. 

I'otato rot 202 

j I'otutoes, storing early. . . .278 
I'otatoes. storing seed.... 2 78 

lUadishes, the 118 

I Uaspberries and blackber- 

1 rles 1 00 

San Jose scale, the. . . 198, 400 

Season's lessons, the 294 

Season. I he 102 

Soy beans, early 358 

I Soy beans, harvesting 374, 400 
IStiy bean nomenclature... 80 

i Soy varieties 390 

Strawberries, ainiue 230 

Strawberrh's. fall bearing. 358 

; Strawberries, high i|uality.l33 

Sweet piitatoes, storiug202. 2TH 

'i'omato notes 31(» 

Varieties a local uuestlou.214 
Vegetables and fruit in 

i lime, keeping 198 

' N'egetables, storing 320 

Vine liiseases 202 


. 27 
27 , 

IS', I. 



Advertising, hints uu... 
A pink clirysanthemum. 

. . 75 
. 2t>2. 

Jockey stick. 

Labor saving machinery 
Lister ill Iowa, the . . . . 
Manure pulverizer 

. 03 
. 28 

.Manure spreaders ueeded.381 

ence with ills 

(.'■ardenlng and fowls. . . 

Gardening in t'uba 

Gardening in Pa 

(iarden. the farm. 

.Measuring wheel 
Meat chopper, a useful. . . 
Mower last, making a... 
.Mowtuv new sections for. 
•Mower shoe, new sole for 
Orchard cultivator 

I'lant setter, iu proved. 

Flow, a good. 

Flow hook . . . 

Flow, experience with disk 157 

. 28 
. 93 
. 28 

. 93 








2. "3 289. :io5. 321. 
300. 38.5. 401. 


Ice h'<use.,how to build an. 

Kitchen conveniences 

Lan I Ih> luriied in the fall 

for spring crups, slioiild3i)0 
Land In .Xnrlliei'ii Indiana. 

improving su:idy 305 

Lightning rods usually 

worthless 280 

Lime, using 2tiO 

Maclilner\' on the farm. 

. .3110 
. . 334 

. . 07 
of .5(1 


a. . . . 

Manure fa* 
.\lanure In 

.Maryland, eastern shori 
Muck land. whiM to do wllh225 

.Notes from experience. 

Oats 1h> cut for hay or 

grain shall 178 

Oat siiiiii. h'lw to prevent .38.') 
I'eas an linportant crop. . . '.t8 

I'ea vine hay In Ark 07 

Flowing under clover seetl 

in .Mil 309 

Flowing under green ero|ni 

in the South lO.T 

Frodiicts. movements of. . .322 
■toads, the farmer's Inter- 

Flow 1 -horse hitch for... 2.53 
I'low, reversible riding... 125 

IMows. care of 381 

Plows rust, don't let the.. 1 Mil 

Plow, subsoil ,. . '.»3 

Plow, the disk . 340 

Plow, that old nisty 28 

Plow, the steel beam 9.3 

Plow, the sulky 01 

Pointers, small 317 

Post hole auger 03 

Potato digger 414 

Piiwer. the cheapest 01 

i'lilverlzer, a superior. . . .285 

Pulverizers, cast Iron 157 

Itoller, a satisfactory Ih'* 

Itoofs. use cut nails for. . 03 

Seed drill 414 

Seeder, tlie hand 01 

Separator, setting up a... 253 

Shocking horse 221 

Sleil. good farm .'(HI 

Snow plow, small .'{.HI 

.'Shredder, home made 93 

f.*/. Sjirlng tooth In stony 

"" ground, the 03 

•Stack. Improved wind... 125 

Stable scrajier 340 

Stalk, breaking attachment 125 

Stork, protection for. 

StrawlM>rry tool 

Tires on. riveting 

Tools, caring for farm.. 
' Tools, exposed, leaving.. 

Tools for repairing. . . . 
I Tools, selecting farm... 
; Tools, shelter the. 


. 2H 
. 82 
. 28 
. 253 
. 03 

est In good .3.38 1 rr 1 > 

Iti.iatbm and crops on a iF^'l'^'*- *•""•" •^"l'*'-., 

small dalrv farii 81 JJ.""""- " eomblnath.n 

Itoiatlon. a ipiestlon of...l4fl „.*ni !l"Ti." i i" i-, ... 

Koinllon In .No. Mo., dairy 33 tt"S"^. i"i V'"''h '•"'"•"^''^''.^^l' 

.... « agons with wide tires... 12. > 

■ Wagon tires tight, to keep. 41 4 

Weeders. adjustable 25:i 

Weetlers for garden use. . .340 
Weeder. the expanding. . . .253 

Wheelbarrow, my 

Wheels, wood rims for 

steel : 

;\ windmill, selecting n. 
2,. Wire unil belting, poor 
.o Wire stretcher, a good 
|.y Workshop, our 



ItVe pasliiri 

,sllo nnd silage, what is. . . 

Silos nnd I heir cost 

Silo liftllding 

Silo, building and tilling. . 
Silo, how to build the. . . 
Silo In North Carolina. . . . 
Silo In Washington, llie. . . 
Stlo, my experience with.. 
Silos, sipiare or round. . . . 

Silo, the 

Silo, construction of the. . 
Soil Inoculation for leg- 






I Asparagus jilnnts. growing 54 

Stubble, maniirlal value of115 i.u-— ■.... . ..u 

Tile draining questions an- ' ^^P?;*?"*', ",*""*"'• *i'i";\"'^' ,\u 

swered '>'2' "*^*'"' *"'■ hean varieties. 1i»8 

Tile ditches. Weils for: '. ! ! "s'l ««*«"|>«''' "njl melons 7(| 

Tires. Hie advawtages of l*^*" L ''".''•^ '"'"' ion 

l,P„a,l " r^^ Heglnner s exi>erlen<e ...300 

T.H.I and carriage house: '. '. 33 "jRlnner's success ... . . 108 

Wheat after corn 82 ,«»>''»««''' ''"• «••'•''• saving .{74 

Wheat was better, why thelO.r * \';|;i^;; H^'/.^Hn")* . ."" 4..fl 


Cabbages, late 342 

Cabbage worms. Paris 

green for ft 

.\cmes. not enough (^1 Capons In the garden . . . . 15o 

Ash screen 381 ( 'elerv growing, almuf . . .240 

Itarbed wire, handling . .^40 Celerv handling .54 

Miiggv. buying a 381 Celerv. mv experience wlth320 

ISuggles and wagons, wash ( hinch bug. the 118 

ering 414 Cucuinber beetle, strlned . . 204 

Ctlf tie. good 105 Cultivation, continued ... 108 

Ctrrlago Jack 2S3 Qardtu. a readtra 102 

218, 234. 

Hahys comfort, for 26 

Hack to the old farm.... 74, 

go, 110. 122. 

Itenutlful words 

He daiiitv and neat 

Hook table, our 2s:(. 

Calirorniu for fruit grow 


Canning fruits and vegeta 

t bles 

'cheese, how to make 

Children, a talk about our. 
Children, educate your. . . 
Christmas gifts, inexpen- 
sive home-made 

Coats and cloaks, old. . . 
Condensed Items . . . 75, 

138. 170. 
Country schools, disadvan- 
tage of our 74 

Correspondence 27. 48, 

.59. 75. 01. I(t7. 123, 139, 

> 155, 171. 187. 203. 235, 251, 

I 207, 315. 303, 370. 395. 411. 

Deep breathing theory. . .;!i4 

I'ggs. lots of money In. . . .315 

lOraployment of women. . . .410 

Face I knew best, the 187 

Farm, a pU-a for the old.. 20 
I'armer across the way. thel80 
Farmer, forty years a.... 10 
I'aiiii. the passing of the. .138 

I'asblon fancies 20. .50, 

1<I7. 138. 171. 20.'!. 2.5(1. 28:1, 
315. .•!47. 370. 411. 

First layette, the 100 

Flowers, among the... 10. 20. 
42. 01. KiO. 122. 154, 180, 
202. 2.50. 207. 282. 2'.»0. 331, 
.340. 370. 304. 
Garden experience, a Iioy's203 
Getting ready for Christ- 
mas .'!14 

Glass bright, how to keep. 5lt 
(;ioves last, how to make.l.'l8 

Grandmother 122 

II. C. lm|irovement Society 20 
Hoiisekeeiiers note Isiok... 58 

How a wife helped 331 

How Kmma earned her tu- 
ition 251 

How I earned money the 

last year 305 

How 1 make money 27 

How the P. F. reaches out200 

It won't Ix' long 3.'l(i 

Kitchen. In the 42. .58, 

74. 00, 122. 138. 154. 2n2, 
235, 207. 282, 200. 3.30, 378. 
.304, 41(». 

Knitted bib for baby 42 

Landscape gardenliig.283. 208 
Medical hints. .. ..50. 170. 282 

Morning on the farm 170 

.Much ado about nothing:. 304 

Mv own chiMisIng 42 

.My vacation 180 

Nickel ware, care of 170 

Paper holders 155 

Pass It on 20 

Piieiinionln nnd congest lon2i>7 

Prize contest 200 

Scliool iH'glns. when 187 

Schools and school bouses, 

coiintrv 11 

Shawl, rainbow .303 

She gained her point 302 

Skirts, black .331 

Some dlfferenc-e 10 

Some suggestions 155 

Slain resembling hard 

wood floor 283 

Strawberries from seed... 187 
Stray Notes from Kngle»lde21ft 

Sunshine siH-lely, the 154 

Tea 1.30 

T»«efh. good 307 

Thanksgiving contest, a.. 347 

The dear old farm 250 

The shaking of the hand. . 42 
The town boys accolade.. 42 

Two lives 154 

Vacations and diversions. .50 
What I did with a farm.. 200 
>>'hy I go to church on 

rainy Sundtvs 207 

Winter In New Kn^land . . 2S2 
Woman suffrage Id N. Z. .347 

Workers, among the 

Yank 11 

1 . P. cook book 

Youth's Parliament ... II. 

42, 50, 01. KIO. 171. 

203, 210, 235, 251 207, 

347, 370, 3'.>5. 

llUliTICl X'rL'U.lL. 

.Vprlcols, growing 

Holers in fruit trees.... 

Cherries, planting 

Currants in the Fall, plant 


Fleagnus longipes 

Fveigreens, irans|ilanilng 

Fig growing in ihe .N.irili 

Fruit seeds, ireatuieni of 

I Fruit seeds, preserving.. 

|Glllar<llas. hardy 

itiooseberries. Columbus ... 

Hedge plants 

Holly, planting the 

Horticuliural notes 30. .15, 

lo:;. i.'.i, I'jo, 20;!, 270, 

34;!. 301, 407. 
Hydrangeas, winter treat 

men! of 

Lilacs, suiunier blooming. 
Magnolia, eviMvtreeti .... 
Norway ninjile for sliaile. 

Paw paw fruit, the 

Peach, Susquehanna .... 
Peach trees, when to plant 

Pear, a good late 

Pear. Clapp's I'avorite. . 
Pears, early aiituinn . . . 
Pear seedlings, raising of.;!43 

Pecan nuts :;5S 

IMum, planting the 203 

Uoots of trees at trans- 

plaiuiiig ;;43 

' Hoses, everbloomlng 

: Seedsamiiles for Fncle Sam 54 

Spraying of plants 182 

St i-a wherries, distance to 

set 2;H 

i'ree planting in autumn. .247 
'I'rees. cultivating among.. 38 

'I'rees, diseased 118 

Trees In wet ground 247 

'i'rees. soil for traiisplanted203 
Wiiltmts. hardiness of 

I'.llgilsli S7 

I Whi.e pine 4(»7 


Accidents befall me, how.. 47 

Account, keeping au 2o7 

Acid, too much 47 

Air wlihoiii drafts, fresh. 3 lit 

Cut worms, turpentine for 70 

Details, attend ti 255 

lU'uiii thai paid, a 2:iO 

Ducxs, experience with... 20" 

. lOS 
. 87 

. 87 
. 71 


. 205 
. 2:1 1 
. 7,1.' 

..» I 


27 S 
21 I 

314 Alfalfa seeding 



Apples tin .s(iring. keeping 70 

Asparagus, starting 

I Hucon. keeping 

I Halk. never 

Ham doors, mistakes In. 
iHariis. building, iiisiiriug 
I Hean weevil, deslioylng 
I tied bugs, to eraillcate. . 

Heef or |)ork, pickling. . . 

I Hees and grajies 

'Belgian hares 

Berry experiences 

Berry growing, successful. 307 

Blessing iu disguise, a . . . 05 

Blight, treatl I trees for. 150 
the... 280 

cpericnce w lib . . .20. 

Ducks, succchs with l',»l 

Far acbe, remedy for . . . .2" 
I'^dinailon. gel a pract icul . :!ri 

i;ggs I'lesh. keeping 2.M; 

lOggs, my way ol lesting . . :107 

i;gg tester, our 2:1'.' 

I'a I'm. business nieihoils oii:j5l 

I'armer s mistake I'.U 

Farm help, cliariicter of. . o;! 

I'armlng. success in ;;:t5 

Farm notes, general ;il 

I'armer, the successful. . . l.M» 
l'"ee(llng racks for young. .2.">5 

I'ence, 1 he hedge Ill 

Fence where not wanted. . :!«»:! 

Fertilizers, buying 17 

Fire from lliLsecil oil 175 

i'Max. cutting 17 

I'loors with soda, cleaning. :ts3 
l''ooii. )ireparlng and eaiing 14 
Freight shipments, receiving li:'. 
I'lult culture, mistakes iii.2:i'.» 
Fruit culture, jjnitii In. . . :{1 

I'rult drying :!•»•• 

Fruit in syrup buckets ...38;t 

I'rult trees for shade 143 

Gapes, kerosene for 7'.' 

Gapes, turpentine for. . . ... I'.U 

Garden in fall, clean up. . . 175 
Garments, utilizing oul... 255 

Geese ;{i»:t 

(;eese. leg weakness In ...:{I0 

(irouud dry, let the 2:i0 

Ground, no idle 127 

Hams and shoulders 175 

ilarness innl, Inexpensive. :!:!5 
lieu housi-. barn cellar. . . . 175 
ileus, coops for silling. . . :{1 
Hens, don'l grease sit ting. ::ii:'> 
Hens, winter feeding of.. 255 

He saves the P. F 47 

Hock. Clipped 711 

Hogs before killing, don't 

worry 271 

Hogs in orcliard 17 

Holifs, stop the :f;s5 

Home, brighten the I4:> 

Home decoration 14:( 

ll'inie, gelling a 150 

Horse, buying a ',is:\ 

Horses, feeiliiig straw to.. 70 from crowding ...:t07 
Hoi Ik'iI. fiillur.- with . . 14:! 

Household helps :tli:t 

Honseliold work. Iightening255 

Housewife, for Ihe :!:t5 

Ice pond fed by springs.. 310 
150 Kale as a poultrv I'liod 150. 2H0 

" ..".(Kt 

. :il 
. 05 

Stabling, prepare the . . .223 

Stationery, printed 14 

.Stock and open ditches.. 150 

Stockings, repairing :{o:S 

Storm doors no good 223 

Strawberries, cunning .... ?'.» 

Striped bug, gelling ahead 03 

Stuiii|)s. to remove :iO'i> 

Success oil small patch... ;!H3 

Sugar sacks, use for 28(5 

Siiiillowers 47 

Sutillowers and liean>i 1.59 

.Sweet peas, how I raise... 319 

Sweat, through the 57 

Table, the illnlng 1.59 

'Teller, lo lure lUl 

'Tiling, pmlil in 70 

'Till cans, good use for...3n;i 

'Tiling, success in 143 

'Tonialo culture 335 

'Tiiiuaioes in glass cans.. 223 
'Tree agent. Ibat iier;Uv . . . 309 
'Trees on waste land, p.ant.;{35 
lulls, caring for wooden. .307 

I urkeys. how I raise 200 

'Turkeys, mistake with ...;!19 
'Turkeys, our success wltli.2o7 
'Turks falieil to lome forth 95 


, .351 


, .271 

. 307 

, . 2:10 

. . 79 


. . 255 

. .101 

. . 223 

In 31 

• . :t07 


. . 47 

. . 255 

. . 207 

. .351 

. .207 

. . ;',1 

Ills. .303 


.... 05 









. . . .1.5't 




wing o:t 
. . . .:!07 
.... I'.M 

.... 38:1 

Borer, golug^ylrt<-r 

Hoys' cii)thlLj. j . . 

Bread rising . .■" 

' Bread, thai stickv . . 

Briars, killing out . . . 

Brooms, cure of 

I liriish. clean out the. . 

P.uckwiieal. early pN 

HtifTalo moth, the . . . 
I Hums, remedy for . . , 

Business education . . 

Hiiller makers' Irlals ... 

Butter, success in making. 1 i 

Buy. when to 127 

Cabbages, burying 280 

Calves on hay ici. raising 47 

Calves, scours In 255 

Calves to drink, teif liing 7'.> 

Calves, white scours In . . . 1 1 1 

Calves wlilioiit milk 

Canary birds, cure of 

Canning butter .... 

Canning fruit 

( 'annlng, hints mi 

( aiinliig stia;i b.'ans .... 

Canning sw (■.•( .'orii 

I 'uniilng sqiiHsh 

CaiHilng talili' 

( 'nnteloiipes. success with 

Carpet rags, coloring .... 
, Carjiets. washing 

Caterpillars, destroying 
Cattle, feeding 
Celer.v ciiltiir.'. 
Cellar, our root 
Chei'se. making 
IChli'keiis. how 

' with 

I Chickens, my 

("hlcken pens 

'chicken remedies . . 

Chickens that weigh 22:1 

.('hicks, cold weather house:t!i!) 
! Chicks, fattening 191 

Chicks, baichlng and rear- 

Kltclieii conveniences 
Kitchen, our siiuiaier 

Lace, to wash 

Laying by too soon. . 
Leii lice, fall sown . . killer kills . . . 
Lice, remedy for hen 
.Mall box. the rural, 
.uang.-ls and 
.Manure, tiandiing . . 
.Manure, saving . . . . 
.Mattress, home-made 
.Nleadows. pasturing 

.Meat, curing 

Meat frylugs, saving 
.Meat, lost our . . . . 

.Melon blight 

Melon patch, the . . . 
Mice and III"' 

SI ra wherries. :{03 
. .111 
. .127 
. 239 
. .150 
. . 2:{0 

. . :'.!»'.• 
. .:to3 
. .:(o;{ 
. .127 

.Milk and butter, caring for :il 










new . . ::s:', 







MilUiiig. fei'd after 3l!» 

.Mistakes, my Ill, L5'.» 

Mongrel must go. Ihe . . .2:tO 

.Mutioii. dressing a 1 11 

.Nests, trap Ill 

Nickel, to clean 101 

.Notes, pract 303 

Oat iiieiil, cooking .'<1 

(•ats. raising early 3fi:{ 

Outs, sh.'iif 307 

Oais when oats fulled. .. .:<07 

Odds and ends P.H 

ollcloiii and carpet .303 

(Olcloth, use of 271 

Onions, winter 05 

Pulnl. lire proof, roof 271 

Faint, removing old 31'.i 

Punsles, growing 2o7 

.:!! (3 Papers In the kitchen. . .207 

. 3s:'. Peach vinegar ipi 

I'eai Ill's, sweet pickled ..I'.U 

Fear blight 31 

Pear trees at fancy prices 05 





Pickles all the year 175 

PIclures. decorated P.H 

Pigeons iiiilling peas '.•5 

i'lgs. loss of little 175 

Figs on shares :tit;i 

Pillows nnd cushions o:( 

Plant rest, letting the... 31 
Plants from frost, keeping 14. 

Plants from seeds .... 
Plants, watering hous«> 

Plums, thinning 

Potatoes failed to kei'p 

Posts, seasoning 

Potato exiierlmeiit. a . . 

potatoes, hoeing 

ipointoes. raising Irish 

Ing 143 

Chick with hens, raising 

Incnhaior 280 

Cistern, making a ........ 03 

Cllptilngs. how to keep ..22:'. 
Clothes, to clean black ...174 

Cloth. 's. sprinkling 31 

Clover liay. keeping 14 

Clover buy. salting 05 

Clover, management of... 127 

Clover on poor land Ill 

Clover started, getting. . . .223 

Coal ashes, uses for 310 

Codling moth, after the. . .101 

Coffee pot. the old 127 

Colt, handling the 271 

(Combination, a good 70 

Corn and beans, slielltng. 2(i7 
Corn crib, cment lioor for. 300 

Corn crop, my 3:{5 

('orn culture In dry weather 70 

(^irn. failed lo far Ihe. . .351 

Corn fodder, shredded.... :tl 

Corn ground, failed to roll 300 Sheep and fences 

Corn out of crib, getting. " 

Corn, planting old 

Corn ties, gootl , 

Com was too thick, the. . 
Corn working experltnent . , 

Cows, dog on the 

Cows, keening too mn'U' 
Cow, to relieve -boked. 

(•..«■ r>"n"<. about 

Cww peas In cw^'u 

Poiatoi's. some 

Poultry, our 

Prices, how to get good. . 
Public documents, getting 

Babbit, stiilllng a 

Itape. experience with . . 

Rape In orcliard 

Itats anil mice 

Khnbarb In cellar 

Itoad dust, use of 

Uoads. farm 

Bose cuttings. ri>otlng . . 

l{f«)fs. moss on 

Kotating, keep . . . 
Uonp In 10 years 
Kublwrs. get new . 

Save a little 

Scalds burns . . 
School libraries . . . 


Seeds, buying bulk 
Seeils. gathering up 
Selling protluce 


L'.i.ilSheep pelts, to tan 

70 Sheep, stretches In ..... 

335 1 Sheep teeth, tiling 

3!tO Shoulders, lime on tore.. 
3!»o Soap, homemade 

03 Soil), making 101. 

300 Soldering home 

2''0 Sore sl.ouldera, curing 
.3;S3i0oreh"m seed, savlne. . . . 
14U Sorghum seed, suaklng .. 


. 03 
. 14 
. 14 
. 3S3 
. 14 
. 70 
. 2»*0 
. 223 
. 14 

. :t!»!t 

. 2.55 
.271 • 
. 05 
. 255 
. 3«:! 

. 223 
. 70 
. 335 
. 2S0 
. '-'55 
27 1 
. 2.80 

\arleties. mixing of 
\ iiie for cemetery 


N'inegar from sorghum 
\inegar, virtue in hot 

Wall iiaperiiig 

Warts on the horse... 
Wai'i. lo remove a ... 

Washing, easy 

Wiisblng with sal soda 
Waste not. want not 

\\ealller. our collb.lellce 

Wells, watering at |iuliil 
Wheal failed, the iiorihe 

When I lailiire 

W bite sugar tally 

Winter keeping 

Woiiieii liori'owers 

Wood ashes and peas 

Wood box. a Ileal 

Wood house and contei 
Wood, preparing lire . 
Woolens, washing . . . 

otH f,\im<:kik\ck 

Hrooiu sedge down In 
lure lands in the soiith '.' 
Have you succeeded in 
keeping 1.5(S 

Cow pea vines, experif-ce 
in the curing of hat'! . . 00 

Ciiciinibers for the pickling 
factories, growing, 'i'ell 
how you plant and grow 
Ihem Hiiil the lii'st \arl.' 
I ties for the purpose. . . .332 
I Hraiii tiles. Where not easi 
ly priiciiruble. what have 
I you found to be the best 
substitute'.' 124 

Fggs In Miiit.u'. how do you 
manage to get the imist 'r304 

Farm uccounts. Imw do 
you keep your 1U8, HiO 

Hams and bacon, how do 
you cure your 14(i 

Hens for eggs alone, does 
It pay to keep'/ What 
U the best breed'/ bf 

Hogs, does It |!ay to cook 
' food for 188 

Horses for breeding, what 
kind buve found to 
pay best on the farm, 
niuilsters. trotters or 
<lrafl horses'/ 284 

Land be iiirned In the fall 
for spring crops, should. 380 

Legumes : where clover 

falls what legume have 

j .vou found best to tiike 

Its place, cow peas. Soy 

b.-ans or vetch'/ .252 

Lime on your land, have 
you used'/ If so. what 
ipiaiitlty per acre, on 
what <rops and with 
what results'/ . 2;'(J 

Manure, what have you 
fotiiid the b.'si way to 
manage the farm ..... 44 

.Northern fanners In the 
south, experience of ...208 

Oats and Canada peas for 
forage 172 

Pasture, what grass or 
grasses have you found 
tx'st for the permanent 
pasture'/ tell how you 
lireiinre your pasture 
aiKl bow .voii treiil It lo 
keep it good :;u(l 

ShiH'p of vermin, what dip 
have you found nmsi 
satisfactory In ridding.. 220 

Silage, have yon .'ver made 
silage of liny other crop 
hill Incllan com 28 

Sorgbuiii as a bay .rop. 
give your .•Xl>erl<-ll.e In 
the use of. I low did .Vol) 
treat and cure It'/. . . .204 

Sweet potatoes, give your 
experlenc III lb.' "bar 
vesting and keeping of. .:t48 

Tramps, bow do yoii tr<'nt.3'J(J 

Washing clothes, and inetli 
oils of lightening the 
lalMir 12 

Water supply for the 
dwelling anil farm, how 
do you gel the/ How do 
you dispose of the sew- 
age'/ 310 

Wheat croii In a farm rota- 
tion, what Is the liest 
lilace for the 7(J 

What special feature of the 
P. F. has proved of the 

frrealesi benefit to you 
n the vear Just coming 
to a close'/ 412, 41.3 


Book, a valuable 

Breed, best 

Broilers, the Im'SI for 

Caponize. age to 

Capon Ize the late batched 

cockerels 87 

Chickens, t'l dry nick . .203 
Chl( ks and diicks hatch 

late 279 

Chicks and itnckllngs weak 183 

Chicks die voiing 215 

Chicks, what alls the 119 

Chicks wouldn't grow ...203 

Cholera cur» 215. Sll 

Cramming machine 407 



. 29.5 





January 3, 1902. 

low peas for the hens....'?75 llelf«r bipfl t-><> youuK- • • H5"» Apple corpr. a good -06 

Lk'.'s iu wiuUT. to get. .a75 Uessiau dy yvi Apolt-B. harvpstlug AoO 

Keedlng iua»u iii tUe nioru- Uog killiuK time a^aln. . . .:{72 Uaby. dreH^lug 

. ;j«fi 

7 nog pasiuie, gra.Mi lor. . .L'lo t.aby"8 bank juoount 

.lOH ili.^s imsiiiifd ou u'lalia.:;i:i liiau poi, a clian 

.241 llolSO IH'llll' 

. I!'.) liui'Ko ra(iiMb. eradlcaiiii;{ 

. IK3 liuuiiis 

..'iTr* lit' h4)usc 

ASH ^^c moiUii»? 

.247 lie. storing 

Iiuligf.stioii again 

iiig or aiU'i'uouu .... 
Feediug (iiii.'.sii(iiiH .... 
Food ratiKii, dricctivc . 

(lap<.-s agai'i 

L.aj)c' worms in turkeys. 
Oui'.iia lowls. as to. . . 

lialeblrtK I roubles 

lioUSf <illt'S( ioiKs 

llow auoiluT start was 

luudc •■?•">'.) Insiitutt's In tb»< South. 

Incubaior regulator, wants. .■'■."•!» Iron at roots ot trees... 

l!T'.) Irrigation problems 

..'ill lion pipe tails .... 

. l.')! Land, improving . . 

.'•i-l'.i Landlords and ii-naii'-s 


J74 lii-ans] a good way to 1)oIp. !M 
7oilU-ans and peas, short cut 04 

.'jI ISeaus, pi( king -54 

■J.V.t I'.ed bugs, sun euro for. . . . lo8 
l»;;j room up.<»iairs, lieaiing:i54 
118 iit-ef, to kee|) and cure, . . .;i.»0 
llUlileeliives repaired. keejt...l42 

i;erry knife or lii.ok l.iS 

Herry short cake '.>4 

niscuits, devire for piiking41.) 
lSh)od and kidn.y remedy. 12»i 
IJoils. carbuncles, tor. . . . 


. 5r> 

. 51 

. :{8( 

8;{ ' IJorers in fruit trees 

Land plasier ... 
LL e probleiu. I lie 

Maidng a sunt - 

J'la fowls, as to buying. .;:.'! I Lands subject to overUow.:ilit) | l.osion brown bread 

I'oui ry, *2«>o to st^.M) a Lettuce 

yiar from -Jll Lettuo 

Touitry feeding .' Liming 

I'oulirv for proJiL wants. !'.•".» Liver disease, prol)ably 

plants in wiuter. 


.i;{5 Low ground, improvin-. 

Toultry liouse. clean up. 
I'oultry house i)laus . . . 
i'oultry liouse tiueslious 

I'oultry ([ueries 

I'oultry statistics 

I'toniaiiie poisoning again. -;5i Narcissus bulbs 
I'ulleis laying, are liii'. . . .4n7 Night s(dl 

407 .Melons and cui-umbei 

. 18:{ Milk, diluted . . . 

. I'i" Millet and wheat 

.-'M .Mulberries 

51|15rass articles, to clean.. 
. 1V(4 I I'.read, ln-st way of makiug.l2ti 
. 1:11 I I'.read making, short cuts. 4U 

. USl IJread without yeast 254 

. lS)4:l{rush knife 1:5 

. ((7 IJullelins. how to get »jov.l58 

, U>7 liurdocks, killing 

. Hit lUira or scald, for severe 
. ,'?4.'^ ! IJuti hering luatle easy... 

. .■{75i Hutclier kidfe 

.Tili Uuttermilk pudding 

Stock, improving the. . . 
I'urkeya. roup in 

Alfalfa 1:2, 2i:c., .".22 




.:?27 Nut grass 115, .t.Sfl Itutter worker, home-made. 2tHi 

270 Oats and grass :{2;j ! Itutlon. a self acting 270 

Oais, wintr-r ;{()7 il'al)iiage. deviie for )iulling.'>18 

Oats in the north, winter. :i;ii) |l'abi)age.maiuigiiig overripe:U8 
;{80 onions anil cabbage 102 'Cablmge, serving 110 

1!H». 2'.>5 Nitrate of soda for nitrogen.'UO , llutter print 

Aifai.a, I'.ermuda grass aud25S onions bottom, to make. , i:j4 '<'abhages, growing 

Aliaha iu Florida 
Alfalfa in Nebraska . . . 
Alfalfa on clay soils . . . 

Alfalfa in oivhard 

Alfalfa in Tennessee . . . 
Angora goats iu ongon. 


Apple query 

Ai)ides from seed 

..'S22 onion ciiltun 

,2'.»o Onions during winter. 

. 22 oidons for profit 

,151 Onions, keeping potato 

..'J70 Onions, mulching ,... 

.2<>1 onions in La. . . . 

.107 Onions, wild .... 

..■{7|> Orchard, planting 

. :>27 ( iverstocked 

. I'lr < >x eve daisy .... 

275|*'abbage, short cut with., 78 

. ,1»UJ t'alf, veallng 318 

. .320 fanatla thistles, killing... 40 

Ilraltb. short cut iu. 
liens, to waior .... 
Hoarseness, for .... 
lloe, home made .... 
Hoe, mulching . 
Hog, handling a 

ilogs, killing 

Hogs, to kid Hce on 
Hog trough. e<iuali2ing 


174 1 ruat from 
*M 1 Stepping stones 

300 I Stone boat, drag 

llUStumps for fuel, old ... 

,'(00 i Stumps, pulling 

222 1 Stumps, to get rid of.. 
Httg trougli. lecd saving, 120 j Suggest Ions, various ... 

liogs. wire leiice for 30 Sulphur fumigation ... 

Horse aii<l mule short cut ,350 1 Summer goods, to wash. 
Home atiiai live, making.. 40lSwarm <atcher, simi)ie. 
save. 142 

Hone,v sciilon bo.xes. 

Hoop" mailoik, a . . . .\ . . ,3;{4 

llorse. cure for cribbing. ,415 

Horses, dilviiig three 270 

ill rses foot, nail wound in. 158 

.lorses, mu/./.ling I'.M 

Horse.s. to cure galls ou.. 40 

iiolbeds. ants in 238 

Uoibid sasli. cheap 415 

Hot water cure 110, 222 

Hoiiseliold hints 222 

ilousekeejier, for the 382 

ii'C chest 02 

Indigestion In lufaut, for. 142 

Ink, Indelible 3.50 

Ironing cloths 20«{ 

Iron rust 30 

Ivy polsonlug. to cure, 04, 158 

.lars, covering for 78 

ivallir corn, shocking. .. .100 

Kit! hen aciident 334 

Kll<lien. new ceiling for.. 302 
Labor saving faliric. a.... 78 
Laiui) burners, to <'leau old 78 

I I 

174 Spray agitator, haudy.... 4G Sheep to the aero in dlffer- 

100 1 Stable broom 222; ent countries 10ft 

174! Steel Implemeuts, to take Sow, care and mauageiueut 

.1261 of the blood 190 

, 04 1 Sow, one or two litters 

,222' from a 100 

,302: Sows eating their plgs...;i5d 
.142 Stable liiiuids running to 

. 78! waste 84 

. 174 Steers, feeding 4u4 

.2:18 Stock, glow more I 10 

.142 Stock, taking a<rount .f . .27ii 
.2o0!Swlue, a strange disia.;.' of 
Sweet potato plants, draw- | lOti, 244. 

Ing i»4 Swine, cial for 212 

Sweet potato plants, to set 40 Swine iai.<( r s advice, ilrl,i48 
Sweet potatoes, to keep... 02 Swine ro.ting. to i)r;'v».iii . 388 
Sweet potato vine hay... 02[Swlue. lauiworth breed of.lKO 

Table, a handy 3.50 iType rather than breeii. . .i;tiO 

Table, rustic 02 Wool growing 100 

Telephone, cheap short dls- 

troui se 
Ai)i)le rust 

Apples for rennsylvania. . 4i»7 Parsnip seed .. 

Apple, Stuarts tloldeii.... 39 rastiire. getting 

Apple trees, fungus in. . . . 7 I'astiiri' grass 

Aiiiile trees, hone meal for.^20 Pasture, permanent ..17 

Arkansas .">o7 I'ench and pecau seed . 

H3 I'each brandy 

258 I'oai lies and a «'ow . . . 




Ashes and phosphates 

Ashes, elm . ., 

Asparagus roots 

IJabcock tester 

r.eans, lima 

15ean pod rust 

Keau weevil 

Uee kei'ping and gardening. 182 

Uermuda grass 322 

IJerries f<'r market, growing 71 




Iterry <pierv 

Uermuda g iss 

r.erry vines loo thi<-k . . . 
ISIight and orchard tpiery 

lih.od m -111 for pign 

Howel disease 

J. reeding, u queslion of.. 


Itugs killing trees 

I'.iitter, to preserve 

I'annlng gr*-en Ir a is , . . , 
Celery iu pit s.oiage . . . 

Chai "{ing location 

% iKai. d stroyin«' 


(herry trees not bearing. 


i'liestnuts for si . ds . . . . 
Chickens. .Horeh* ad In... 

(Itrua trifollata 

Clover and p<iadi 

Clover and luberc les . . . . 
Clover cutter «pi'siloi's . . 

Clover, sowing 

Cfjrn after rye 

('orn, analysis i.f 

Corn breeding 

Corn, fertiliziirr 

Corn fodder, keepiug . . . . 

Com for silai;- 

Corn, how to iniit . . . . 
Corn la glazed, when.... 
Corn, root li e iu ... 

<'orn shredder 

Cotton seid e.xi>ortiug 
Cow's eye alTecicd . . , 
Cow hail l.idl..:esiloii . 
Cow pox. varlida or. . 

Cow tpiory. a 

lows, the best breed 
Cow peas 103 

. l.s;'. 

. 71 
. 1 35 
. 100 

.38 ; 



. 323 

. li-'t; 


. 322 

Tea fowl eggs 

Pear for name 


I 'en r seeds 

I'ear trees. Kleffer . . . 

I'ear, KiefTer 

Teas and corn 

Teas, Canada 

I'eas, early wrinkled. 

I'eat a!id muck 

Tea vine hay. baling. . 
.250 I'eiipermint culture . . 

,;!ll I'I'jeon niMiiure 

I '!•.;« dving 

Plowing, fall 

I'liims and cherries . . 
I'lums, !,ombard . . . , 
riiim trees, planting . 

I'or.. growing 

. li'O Potato fertilizers .... 

. >^'> I'oiafoes 

.100 Potatoes in Va., fall. 

Potatoes, planting 

piiiaioi-.!. s,. .iiid crop 'S-. 

Poultry books, practh-al.. 

Poultry, green rye for.. 

PiimrikinH for cattle. . . . 

i.iiierles. KUiKlry 1 


.375 lui'ie In corn, sowing .... 

P.'i Ifasfiberries 

115 i;as| herrles. everbeniing. 
55 Ita^tiberries. growing .... 
117 itasijherries. niullli»lylng. . . 1 1!> 

1 15 Itnspberry Itushes .').■> 

.'(23 Kasidierries. raising 100 

ill.: Kliutiarb. starting 80 

3M» Iti 'h and poor 2i»l 

3 I Candy, home made 

.... 70 ; Canning corn 

, . . .242 tannin • fruits 142. 

..70, 95> I Canning hiiin 

.... r>l|Canning tomatoes 

.... S.'jltapes. uses for old 

.... 00 'Carpet rags, sewiug 

. . . .230lCarpels. painting rag ... 

.... .35 k'arpels, to wasli 

- - . .115 Carrots, digging 

0, 101 'Carrots fresh, to keep... 

. ,270 Catsup 

..170 Cellar dcor. handy 

. , 104 :C(dlarway shelves 

., lo.'L Cement, a good 

..343 Cheese, home-made 

. .178iChestniits, l;eei)ing 

...127 Cliicken elKdera. lor .... 

..110 <"hicken houses, my 

. .3.30 Chicks in nest 

..170 t'hiils and fever, for .... 

. .242 :<"hoptdng bowl 

..320 t'hiite. handy farm 

..103 [Coat hangers. lio:ne-ninde 

. .1ii3 Combs, to clean fine 




. 02 

. 13 
. 13 
. .'1!»8 
. 382 
. 78 
. 02 
. 78 

. 254 



. 100 
. 04 

Land, clearing new 
Land Iu order, putting 
Uiiid. thoroughness 

managing woru . . . . 
L.-interu on horseback. 
Leaves, gathering 







Threshing veil . . . 
Tin cans, uses for 
Toad, the friendly 
Tomato and other 

tious, early .... 
Tomato cans, use for... 
Tongue, no lines under. 



'238 Abortion. 

254 j Abscess 

sugges- Abscess. 

."..34|Acue .. 

oO Anemia 

158 An nra.K 


.37. 372. 


Tongue rest for binder... 78 Aphtha 

Tool, handy and serviceable 40|Artihcial impregnation 

Tool l)ox and bench com- 'A/.oturia 

blned 3.'>4 j liarrenuess . . , 

Tool chest, farmers' 238 llJlackle-; 

Tool cupboard 12»5 'IJladder trouble 

Tools, care of 120. lOOlUloody milk .. 



Tools made 


Tripe, to clean a 

Trowel, home-made . . . 
Trunk in small l)Uggy. 







iSoar, lame 

Boar, sick 

Bone s|iavln 

Brain lesion 

Brain trouble 

Breed, failure to S5, 

lironchitis, me( iiani. ai 

Letter w"ritiug, short cut.415|Turi)ehtine. virtues of . . . .238 jCallous 

Lice Iu hen Louse 30 1 Varieties, record of 350 (Castrating ruptured coll, 

Lice on children's heads. .415! Various suggestions 415 Catarrh " 

Lice, to keep poultry free 04 ' Varnish, to remove old... ISjCaltle, sh k 

Liniment for horses, good 04 Vegetables, a sueeessiou of l)4iCnitle, tapping bbatcd.. 

Turkey, milk for sh'k .... 78 
Turltey's nest, tinding the. 222 

l.,og lifter, handy . . 200 1 Vegetables, early 

.Machl:iery. sheltering . . .238 1 Veil, a working . . 
( litiruing and cnurns ... .388 I Vine awning .... 
.Manure on plowed land. . 174 | Wagon box hoist, 
.Market gardeners, for I Wagon jack 


.382 Chicken, sick 
.308 Colt, riding a 
. 40! Cough. .23, 8; 
.300! 300, 341, .'IT.'t 
.100 Cow debilitated 




, i:!2 

. 340 
. 1 05 

. 2':» 


. i;;3 



Conveniences, handy 

Cookies, short cut In haklng415 

Cooking jxdnts llo 

Corn crili, foundation for. 414 

Corns, cure for 254 

Corn fodder, handling. ... 270 
34,'liCorn fodder, to load... 
.2«>l!Corn husks, stripping . 

.178 Corn popper 

.lt}.3Corn. slnx king 

,1 , Corns, <'iire for 

. 07 jCorn, cutting 

11," Ci-rn. drvl 
.103 I Corn fodder, h 
. 71 I Corn fodiler. 
.340 'Corn in bulk 
I, 22 
. S3 

. ,'{08 
. 334 

. 78 


Uoi'k salt 


. ' 110 

i^ ■oose.302 
reasiiriiig. . i:'t 

Corn market T 13 

Corn, nicest way to dry.. 302 

Corn shelle . a good 30 

110 1 Corn stalks, hauling 40 

71 'Corn wltl. fcooji, unload- 
ing 222, .302 

Cottage ituddlng, simple.. ~H 
Cotton stalks, tool for 

breaking down 302 

Cough and consumption 

<ure 02 

142 Cow, self siKklug. . .110, 238 
I'JoU'ow peas after wheat . . . .158 


Marking device, handy . . 
.Marking rows and hills.. 

.Mason's trowel 

.Meat clioi»per 

.Meat, devi '(• for hanging. 
.Meat suiiMlles. farmers'.. 
.Meat, to sugar cure 

200 Wagon jack, substitute for200 Cow pox 
30S Wagon Jacks, some good. .318 Cows, sick 
llolWagon on low wheels, old 13lCribbing .. 

174 Wagon scotch 174 iCryotorchid 

40 Wagon, short way to grease 78 Dibiiiiy 

. 110 i Wagon step 

. 200 \\ai,'ons. In loading farm. 

..'tool Washing clothes. . 

Melons from crows, saving15S Wastilng compound 

.Mice, to catch 
.Milk and butter <coler. 
.%Illk and butter cool... 
.Mill. < ans. lettering . . . 
Milking cows In comfort 

'.►4 lils«ase. fatal 

120 1 1 log bile 

350 I Dogs, salmon poisoned 

13 [liogs. sick 

02 I "Dummy." a ... 

in Wanhlng. sliort cut 
.158 Wati'r coder, home-made. 12f> | Dysentery ... 

. 02 .Watermelon rind 40, 174 Kyes. Inllamed 

.308 Wedge, sulistltute for iron. 142 Kc/ema 

.174 Wheat, to set up a shock ofl42 ; I'lbioid tumor 

.Mince meat. sui)stltute for 02 1 Wheel hoe. managing the.3o2 

.Niince pies, short cut 3.50; Wheels, varnishing <>2 

.Monkey wrench, new ban- | Window, attachment for.. 308 

die in 13 Window panes, to remove 

Mop for scouring floors. . .334 1 i)alnt from 04 

Moths pro ection against .254 ! Window shades, hanging.. 120 

.Mucilage, commenial lOO Wire stretcher 2o»J, 222 

.Musknielons, to spice ... .222 j Wire, stretching barl»ed 
.Mutton or goat, how to [Wood ashes, use for ... 


. . .t.i.i 
. .210 
3. 22 

Koosters too attentive ... 103 « rah apple Jelly 

. 171>, 

Uotatlon. a three year. . 

Uotatlon. crop • • • 
.275 Uotatlon. farm.... 
.212 Uotatlon wf crops . 
.101 Itye and <'orn meal 
. isl uVe as a feed .... 

.24 4 Uye for hay 

. lol Uve for swine .... 
.30H Sage 

{.'!<,». 402 Sand spur 

Cow peas and soy beatis. . 170 Sawdust 

Cow peas and velvet beans. 330 S< ale on kud/u vine 

Cow pea-i. curing 3;'.0 Sheep pasture 

Cow [was dying lo5 Sheep, to register . 

«'ow p«'as. early 386 Shrub «pierles 

Cow peas faiiltig. 00. 2.59. 3:!0 Sll«. content of . . . 

*'ow neas for seed 21o Silo for small herd 

Cow peas for the north.. 105 Smut, cause of 

Cow pea hay. curing 
Cow |)eas In corn 
Cow peas In Ohio 

.;'i71 Sows, breeding 

1. 22 Sow. feeding a breeding. 
"75 S4>rghum. curing 

..'tu7;Crop, a combination .... 
.2,'lO Cucumber pickles 30, 78, 

2.501 200. 

212 Cultivator, good 

.1i»4 Cultivator, my 15-tootb.. 

.308 iCnpbonrd, cellar 

. 00 Curtain pole, neat 

.228 1 Iiessert. ipibk 

..386 Diarrhoea, for 

.210 DItchi's. eli'aning 

..3^0 Dock cutter 

..'175 Domestic economy 

.178 i»resses. cabinet for .... 

. 8."V Drying ra< k 

. l.'l.'i I Kggs for market .... 
.242llvggs fresh, to keep... 

.10.5 iCggs, to cook 

.210 i;i>.er bush for Insects 
.107 i;vener. iliree-horse. . . . 
KO I'arm hiidgi's 


dress a 

Nail b(..\. farmer's handy 

Nail i>ocket 

Nausea, for 

.Needle, aid in threading. 

.Needles, bending sewing. 

.Nest eggs 

Onions are good for. what.llo 

Onions for the. raw lOO 

onons. for transplanting. . 174 

Over<dats, etc., care of. .142 

Pails. Iron 

Pain killer, magnetli- . 

Pans, to clean greasy. . 

Pantry cool, to make. . 

Peach leaves, use for. . 

i'ea dropper 


. 04 Pig trough, e<piall7.lng 
. 30 Pig trough, mending . . 
04, Plants In dry weather, to 


.126 Poison oak. <nre for 

. 138 Pongee, washing 

. 46 Post, bracing corner. . .6: 

.270 Posts, driving 

. 78 I'ost hole digger, good . 
.3.34 Posts In line, setting... 

.415 I'otato coverer 

.334 1 Potatoes mealy, to cook 

.334 i Potatoes, to boll 

. 62 ,1'oultlces 

. .30 Poultry, self feeder for. 

142 Pudding, tavlor 

.,3.'14 'Pumpkins for pies 

.11«» Puni|i. spoilt for barn... 

. '78 Itaillshes. winter 

.334 Uake. comJilnailon 

270 Itats. laicbing mountain 

270 1 Wood box. handy . 

.'to Wood bo.i. movable 
174 Wood dirt 

78 Wood rack handy.. 
126 Work memoranda . 

'"' ' STOCK. 











Angora goats, browse for. 10*! 
Animals, shortage of meat.l4K 

A universal practice 14.s 

Barlef and barley straw 

for" feeding 202 

Beef breeds of cattle »'>8 

lleef cattle, present and 

future condition of :iT>i) 

Beef, eastern farmi-rs re- 
turning X(> production of. 100 

Beef trust, the 4 

Breeds, battle of the «>8 

But'.er experts, professional 180 
Butter, the color of win- 
ter made D'>1 

Cattle, farm fed .: 3(i8 

4(L( uarcoal an<l mineral coal 

206 for anlmajs 

110 'cheese at home, to make 

Fistulous withers 

Foot lameness . . . 

Founder, chronic 

(iarget . .5. 00. 85 
•203. 300. 



. .loolllii). Injured 

. .350 JHcofs. unhealthy . 
. .318 ["Hooks" again ... 

. .200iHorsej Uiln 

. .30sl Hypertrophy 

. .270 j Impaction ...;!7. ' 

Indigestion. .2.'{. 
220. 325. 373 

Infection, loi al 

Interfering ... 

Irritation .... 

Knee striking . 

Knees. Weak . . 


Lambs, sick 

Lameness 4, 27' 


Legs, i-ro.iked . 

Leiicliorrea . . . 

Lumpy Jaw . . . 

Lymphangitis . 


Mare loses colt 

.Milk fever 

.Nasal gleet . . . 
j Nervous disease 
JOiM Nervous horse 
08 Nervousness 


. 53. 


. 85 

. :t4 1 

. 23 

. 85 


. 373 



. 53 

. 23 



. . . 373 



5.';. 107, 
!0. 117. 

;iso. 40.- 

101, 117. 

00 Farmers' wives, hints for . ;*34 1 Ua vine, fencing across. 

Cow i>eas in Pa. mouniains242 Sorghum, feeding 
Cow peas varieties of.. 
Cow peas, iilant lice o 1 ._. 

Crimson clover •'•5. 

Cucumber iM-etle. si rlpe<l . 

Dip tank, cement 

Dots eating raw eggs. . 

Iiraining laud 

K?gs. had 

Ex. stations In the V. A. 

Facts an<l fairy 

Farm, buying a 

Farm. lm?»roving a. . ._. . . 
I'arm. improving a Va . . 
Farming In Mexico .... 

Feather eating 

Fen e. barlxd wire 

l' for wh<at .... 
F'ertili -Ing with cow pens 


l-'ertiU ei-s. applying .... 

Flu rals:ng 

Fire bM'-'ht 

lo;;. 27.5. 

, HS3 Fence, movable 

.'»MJ. 238 Uattlesnnke Idle, cure for. 174' high 

.238 Corn. Immature or Hoft...35( 
. 174|Corn vs. mature corn for 
. 30[ fattening cattle, soft ..276 
. llOiCows eating i-orn fodder, 
,2.54 straw and hay, the grain 

.300) ratb>n for 241, 337 

..308 Cows In summer, feeding.. 30, 

,2<»6I 100. 

..302 Cows, put corn In silo for.2S0lUanula 

.382 Cows shrunk on sidling ___ 1 Uheumatlsm 

. 120 crops, why the 177 

. 04 Cows, siimtiier feed for. . !>7 
.254 Dairy herd. Improvement. 52 
.222 Dairying on a few acres, 

obstructed dlKts 

Opt.'.aimln. contagious, 

277, 321. 
Opthalmia. periodic 

Paralysis 36, 

Pigs, sick 


Poultry dl.sease 

. 23 
. 5 



. 324 
. 23 
. 37 
•2'X\. 325. 373» 






..,..^.. CO 



■ «;t» 






J20 Soy beans 

. lo.'t Speitz again 

220 S|>rny calenilar 

. 3.H Stover, shredding . . . 

.101 Strawberries, planting 

. 52 Mrawlierrv queries .. 

.3.55 Strawberries, fertility for. 355 wire 

, 71 Snndrv <pierles 55, 13.5 Fence, wire 

. 38»J Sweet potatoes 3.30 Fen«e. worm, to lay 

330 Swine rooting, to prevent. 34* File, use for old.. 

4(1.3 Fences, mowing arountl . . .415 Ready reference 

220 Feni-e, old rails for st raightl 10 ■ Uheiiinatlsm. remedy for 

7 Fence posts a short <nt . .382 Uhubarb. ?row ing 

226 1 Fence posts, pulling out old158 , Rooting, painting paiier. 

160 1 Fence qulcklv. to build a . 254 Rose Jar 

1.'t5 Fence, stretching woven | Rug. a fine 

158 Sacks, mending 

.415 Dairy notes 

,20(1 Dalrv sire, pure bred. . . 
126 Dogs, the Scotch Collie. 

. 353 
. 350 



Scrotal hernl* 

Sheep, docking adult.... 

Skin disease 

Skin eruption 

Slobbering 3o9. 

.103 Tankage 
..'{7ft Tanks, cementing . . 
.115 Taxodliim distichum 
.402 Tomato forcing . . . . 
.103 Trees In wet ground 
. H3 Turkeys, ainicted 
.170 Various cpieries 


Flower bed. a circular. 
Fly time conveniences 

238 Dr. Koch's bomb exploded 

02 has . . . .' 110 

270 (;ont, the mi'king 4(i4 

13 Hal er pullers, water cure. 388 

.120 Sacks, saving paper flour. .302 Hog killing time 276 

.142'Salt box for stock 415. Tacks 52 

.238 Sausage, turning cases for.415 Live slock and ngrlcultur- 
30 Saw buck, a handy :{o al fairs 212 

.244 Snorting 


northern loca- 

. 182 
.407 , 


Scalding trough 
Scalds, remedy for 

382 Live stfxk Industry, the 
.l.-.8| present condition of the 228 
.110 Live stock metho<i-< in 

Sore, chronic . . . . , 
Sow. thrlflless . . . . 



Stifle Joint weak . 
Stifle lameness . . . 
Stomach staggers. 
Sudden death .... 


Sui mer Itch .... 
Summer sores ... 

l-'owis for 

Fruit, gatiierlrig ".'!!!!!.'! !.350 I Scissors/ how to sharpen. .04. 1 Idaho 180, 200ISurfelt 

Fruit, keetdng canned 46 3.5(1. iMlIk and cheese, fertility 'Swellings . .. 

various queries 110. 3irFruit picking, third band. 270 Sewing machine. renewlng,382 In 104 Pall, crooked 

Wa'nnt Fntrlish or C.erman270 Frnlt salad, a line .334lSewlng. short cut In 13 Milk for a pound of butter, |Teat fi.stula 

. 09, 




Flax or m 
F'odder !n 


on sod . . 






Washing, cheiking . . . 
Watermelons, keeping. 
Wheat nfti-r corn 

'.10 Fruit trees, save fallen... 110 Sheep in iiasture.! Furniture, reiuilntlng 306 Shirts, starching . 

...105 (!ate fastener, convenient . .174 j Shoes, handy box 

Wlienf after millet. seedinclH (iate for cattle 

Wheat. Clawson 2'26 (Jnte for narrow lane. 

h saving. .403 Wheat. 


Frost proof bnl dln'.r . 
Fruits, plantlna: small 
(iai ening. market 
llorn'ilum disen'-r- 
(iln-seng. ..117. 11 

2.50. 342. 

Ooos.» troiibleB 


Orapes and currants 


Orasses named 

Orass qu'^rv 

Ornss send n1onf». sowing. . 1('.3 

(Jf-ass <>er»iing. blue 3 



,275' onions from 

, 70 Wheat. com'vi<!t for . . . . 

323 Wheat, fertilizer for 83 

247 105. 

103. Wheat for Jfexlio 

Wheat, smut In 

,103 Wheat, too much 

. . ..-.Ol 

. ..151 
.3. S3 
. . .105 

for the 
Wood sorrel 

SHOUT <'l'T« 


.Mr. fresh 

Ants, remedy for red 

wild (Jate. eond simple ...... 

. . . .386 cate holder 

...223 (Sate latch handv .30. 78, 

1!»4, (Jate spring, yard 

C, 'oves. to men<l 

323 (Jrain Ixiat 

27.5 (JraiM's. to bai: 

straw Ulrease or coal oil spots. 
371 I Hair, to wash 

.270 Shoe scrapi'r 

.100 1 Sheets, to Iron 

.12(i' Snort cut siurgestlons 
.174 I Short cuts, various .. 

126 I Sled, handy 

.142 Sled mnners, handy 

In - - . , 

keet)lng.334 1 how miw h 52 Teat. Injured 

78 Mli::lng. the flush of 84 Teat, obstructed 

for 126 .Milk, what does It cost to |Teeth. Irregular 

126i produce 270, Tetanus 

62 Oil meal, old and new pro- I Texas fever . . . 

{50 cess 340 ' Thrush 

'{34'1'lgB. how to feed and care iTooth. diseased 

.241 ruberculln test 

. 132 Tu ere 'losls 

.202 I Tumor 4. 36, 53, .324 

.200 ! Tumor, bone 

». M'.i 
t:o, 85 

. . .389 
. . . 1 10 
. ..:!89 
. ..117 
. . .149 
. . . 23 
. . .181 



. 85 



. 37 



. 5 
, 85 
. W 
. 'iOS 

.415 for lltth 
. 78 Pigs, the growine. . . . 
366isied to haul logs and ralls.158 Pork, to grow healthy 

.415iSnan. good soft 158 (^larantlne line. the.. 

.110 Sofa pillows 126 Rape the food value of ... 148 

.174|Soft sontf without boiling. 13 Scrub animals n«d always 

.100 Sores, curing 04 1 owned by scrub men... 40 

.382 Sorghum and Kaffir corn. 306 Scrub pedigrees or neglect- 
Hams and bacon, curing. .142 Sorghum. Imttle for sowlng302 ed excellence . ?'28 'Verminous bronciytN 

ITnms and "boulders 254 Sorghum mo'asses. Iw)ttllnp302 Separators, experience wlth2'JS ,W art {». n.i. 

ITnrnesB. oiling .308 Sorchum seed, to shell . ..302. Sheen breeding .212 Weakness 

"nrness to save the ....302 3^2. Sh«»«»n In summT. care of. 84]Mlnd broken ^._. 

Marrow bo«s I'ardeti! ! ! ! !l4'] Sprained nnVle. to relieve. 01 Sheen teaching from scrlji- Wotmd 5. 3'7 

,131 'Hall tree, n 

. 46 
. r?54 


Fdder. diseased 
T'dder. lnjure<l . . 
I'mblllcal hernia 
T'rinnrv dlfU'iilty 

baling ." ■.'.'. .3.' 105 Apple butter stlrer 100, Harrow, weight for 13, Sprains, remedy for 120] 


. 404 : Worms 


.... 37 
.85. 405 





. 23 
. 405 
. 1 65 




Vol. 86. No. 2. 

Philadelphia, January lO, 1903. 

Price, 5 Cenk^. if^Xu'vlu: 

PubUshed Weekly By 


Market & 18th Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 


SPECIAL NOTE.— Mr. Terry wriUi exclu- 
tively for The Practical Farmer, and for no 
other paper or magazine. Tell your frienUt ij 
they want lo know what Mr. Terry has to say on 
ayriCHilitrul mntteri every week they mutt read 
The Practical Farmer. 


Rations for Dairy Cows. 

Isaac V. Ellis, Ciroleville. N, Y, 
■writes that he was greatly interested 
in ration given in Nov. 29th issue of 
P. F., but it does not quite suit his cir- 
cumstances. Ho wants to Itnow what 
to feed to malte a good ration, for cows 
producing mUk, of tlie following arti- 
cles: "Corn silage, mixed hay, wheat 
bran, malt sprouts, gluten feed and 
bucltwhefit middlings." He says these 
are the feeds largely used in that section 
and many readers of these columns will 
be interested. I would advise the feed- 
ing of a 1,000-pound cow about 50 
pounds of silage, 7 pounds of mixed hay, 
4 pounds of wheat bran, 3 pounds of 
buckwheat middlings and 2 pounds of 
gluten feed, daily, on the average. Di- 
vide it, of course, giving, say silage and 
grain about one-half in morning and 
one-half at night, and the hay at noon. 
This ration is just about right in dry 
matter and carbohydrates and fat, but a 
little strong In protein. It is about as 
near right, however, from a scientific 
standpoint as one can readily get it, A 
cow weighing more or less than 1.000 
pounds will need more or less of the 
same mixture. If she weighs, say, 1,200 
pounds, why she will probably require 
about one-fifth more of each kind of 
feed. Buckwheat middlings make a 
valuable feed to go with silage, corn 
stalks, hay, etc. They are very rich in 
protein. One pound of wheat brap con- 
tains .122 of a pound of protein; one of 
buckwheat middlings. .220; one of glu- 
ten feed, .194; one of malt sprouts, .186, 
I put some gluten feed Into the ration 
because it contains more carbohydrates 
than bran and buckwheat middlings, 
and helps one to get the right propor- 
tion of this ingredient. Again. I used 
considerable wheat bran because it con- 
tains more mineral matter than the glu- 
ten feed, which is quite necessary when 
a cow is carrying a calf. Now bear in 
mind that all these rations are correct 
only as a genera! average. They con- 
tain about what cows, on the average, 
can use to advantage, with no over sup- 
ply, and hence waste, of any Ingredient. 
Some cows may be able to pay for a 
ration slightly stronger In protein, or 
to pay for more feed than is given above 
for a day's ration. Some will not be 
able to use as much. Cows hare their 
individual peculiarities the same as peo- 
ple, but not to the same extent. 

Walter .1. Abel. Moores Mills, N. Y., 
asks for a ration from the following 
feeds: "Well matured i orn silage, mixed 
or common hay. wheat bran and cotton 

seed meal." It will not do to feed more 
than about 2 pounds of cotton 8(hh\ meal 
to a 1,000-pound cow per day. At first 
she should not be fed as much as this, 
if she has not been used to eating it. 
When she is accustomed to the meal you 
may feed about 50 pounds of silage, 7 
of hay, 2 of cotton see<l meal and 7 of 
wheat bran per day. 1 would mix the 
wheat bran and cotton seed meal and 
either feed dry or on the silage, half 
in morning and half at night. This ra- 
tion will be right in amount of dry 
matter.but slightly short In carbohy- 
drates and over in protein. But it is 
practically about as near as one can 
come with the feeds named. It is near 
enougii right for good results. But you 
can probably get slightly better results 
for money expended by substituting glu- 
ten feed for the cotton seed meal. 50 
pounds of silage, 7 of hay, 7 of wheat 
bran and 2 of gluten feed will make an 
almost perfect ration for a 1,000-pound 
cow, on the average. It Si-arcely varies 
at all in any way from the Wisconsin 
standard. In the former ration, using 
cotton seed meal, there would be a 
slight loss of protein; that Is, some of 
this costly element would probably be 
used to lake the place of the less expen- 
sive carbohydrates; not but little, but 
probably some. It takes much time to 
study out these rations and 1 hope all 
will preserve them for future reference. 
I am sorry that it was impossilile to get 
them published sooner after they were 
called for. When possible please send 
in questions some time ahead, so you 
can be sure of an answer on time. 

Special Education for Young Men 
and Young Women of Limited Means. 
— Writer receives letters frequently from 
young men asking If they had better 
borrow money and take an agricultural 
-course at some <'olIege. Sometimes they 
have a little money saved up and ask 
whether they better spend it in going 
to college. Education is a good thing. 
Knowledge is power; or, in other words, 
a traincil mind stands a better chance 
of making its mark In the world. It is 
good for its owner and the world at 
large. But there are comparatively few 
who can take a college course. More 
can take the short Winter course of 10 
or 12 weeks now offered by most agri- 
cultural colleges. But there will still 
be many thousands who cannot avail 
themselves of either of these opportun- 
itie«. Yes. there are thousands of 
young men and young women among our 
readers who must go without special 
education unless they can get it at home 
and at small <ost. What Is the chance 
for them? 1 will tell you. Write to 
the Home* Correspondence School of 
Springfield. Mass., for partlctilars. You 
have noticed their advertisement In the 
P. F. 1 fully believe they are doing a 
grand work, or this notice would not 
meet your eye. I have heard only en- 
thusiastic and favorable reports from 
those who have taken any of their 
courses. 1 personally know their in- 
structors are among the best In the land. 
And still the work is so systematized 
that the cost is very moderate. For 
example, the agricultural course costs 
but $18, and the work is under the direct 
per.sonal charge of Prof. Brooks, of 
Massachusetts State Agricultural Col- 
lege. The text books used were pre- 
pared expressly for this work by Prof. 
Brooks. They are: "Soils and How to 
Treat Them;" "Manures. Fertilizers and 
Farm Crops;" "Animal Husbandry." 
These books are furnished free, that is. 
$18 covers the entire cost of course, as 
I understand, and one may be 2 years 

taking the course, or even 3 in case he 
or she is delayed by sickness. The cost 
of course in horticulture and fruit grow- 
ing is 118, and Prof. Bailey has charge 
of this, and all know that lie is the very 
highest of authority. There are alto- 
gether some 80 courses of instruction, 
such as commercial, shorthand, J)ook- 
keeping, drawing, chemistry, geology, 
botany, languages and almost anything 
else you may want to learn about. 
Write to tlie above address for particu- 
lars. Then choose the line of study that 
will be most helpful to you. after decid- 
ing in what direction you can best make 
yourself useful. Everyone needs now a 
good common school education. Get 
that anyway. Beyond that 1 would not 
waste my energies trying to get a gen- 
eral knowledge of everything. There 
Is too miicii to learn now-a-days. Take 
special courses that will help you to 
master thoroughly what will be your 
life work. Many of our young people 
can well put in much time this Winter 
in learning what will be of use to them 
as the years roll on. 

Corn Stalks for Horses.— Wm. Hey- 
ser, whose address 1 cannot make out. 
asks if corn stalks are safe feed for 
horses. He has If. head of cattle. 5 
horses, plenty of corn stalks and little 
hay. Corn stalks that are free from 
smut, and which were cut up as soon as 
corn was glazed and well shocked, and 
which ha\e not bleached out liadly in 
rain and sun make good, safe rough feed 
for horses, or cattle, if cut up finely, 
or course, they must have proper nitrog- 
enous grain feed with them, as has been 
shown In these rations heretofore. 
Stalks that were cut up late, and which 
are l)adly weather beaten, have little 
nutrition in tlum. They are apt to 
cause indigestion, as a horse must eat 
too mu(h to get a little. This is par- 
ticularly true of stalks in the West that 
have stood in the field uncut and which 
are pastured off. Even steers suffer 
sometimes from eating Good 
bright corn stalks are all right when 
fed with proper grain. 

Health Hints. — How to Avoid In- 
Jury from Exposure to Cold.— Amount 
of Sleep Needed. — The following is ex- 
tracted from the letter of a good 
friend: "We are reading your health 
hints with a good deal of interest. We 
believe them, for the most part, but do 
not practice them a great deal, except in 
the matter of fr«»sh air. Can't you ex- 
pand a little? You have treated bath- 
ing, diet, fresh air and exercise, until 
we know these topics by heart. Farm- 
ers are mtnh exposed to extremes of 
heat and cold, rain, snow, etc. How can 
they manage so this will not injure their 
health? Near cities gardeners and 
trucksters lose much sleep. How can 
they manage to prevent evil effects?" 
Now. my dear sir. the reason why I 
keep bringing tip the matters you name, 
fresh air. plain food, exercise, etc.. Is 
because they are so vastly important if 
one wants to enjoy good health through 
a long life. And there is no way to get 
people to pay attention to these matters, 
to realize their full lmj)ortance. except 
to keep bringing them up In different 
forms from ti.Tie to time. Don't you 
see, in your own case, my dear friend, 
you say you know these matters all by 
heart, but do not practice them a great 
deal, with one exception? I want you to 
practice all of them, so far as your cir- 
cumstances require. Sometimes I get 
discouraged. For example, I was in a 
home not long ago where the P. F. Is 
read, and where a furnace was put In 
after my article on this subject was pub- 

lished la.';! Fall. And they had deliber- 
ately arranged to take all air for the 
furnace fioiu floor above, thus healing 
iiiid brcatliing over and over the same 
air all the time, except what little miglit 
work in around doors and windows. 
This to save fuel. No ventilatio t what- 
ever; no bringing in of fresh air. In 
this particular home there is a young 
lady, flat chested and of small lung 
capacity. The chances are more than 
even that she will have consunintion 
within a few years, quite likely before 
Spring, God knows the writer has done 
all he can to prevent this. Consump- 
tion is n disease due almost entirely to 
breathing impure air over and over in 
close buildings. Many furnaces ara 
being put in in this same careless man- 
ner. But now in this matter of ex- 
tremes of heat and cold, etc. It Is quite 
a strain to go out of a warm house into 
a temperature from 50 degrees to loO 
degres lower, in Winter; and then tli» 
exposures to cold winds and snow. But 
It can be done safely, if one is reason- 
ably careful. First, a cool bath every 
morning, with vigorotis nibbing of skin 
for some 15 minutes will be a great help. 
It keeps skin healthy and able to renit 
after chilling without injiu-y. Then 
there should be thick soles under the 
feet, and one should be dressed warmly 
enough .so his body can keep up the ani- 
mal heat without over exertion. There 
can be no fixed rule about clothing, as 
people differ so much, only to wear 
clothes sufiiclent to keep yoti just fairly 
warm. I believe in wearing clothes 
enough to keep warm with a tempera- 
ture in house of not over 70 degrees. 
Some keep the house much warmer than 
this. It makes a greater change when 
we go out and is more unnatural. Next 
comes an important matter that is sadly 
overlooked. Breathe through the nose 
only. If you cannot do this go to some 
good physician and see If he can remedy 
the f'.fficulty so yoti can. I have often 
watched the people I met on the streets 
in St. Patil. when It was very < old. The 
great majority were breathing through 
the mouth. This is an unnatural habit, 
and changes of temperature are more 
likely to make trouble when it is fol- 
lowed. The nose was made to filter the 
air we breathe. Now with these pre- 
cautions cold air Is a tonic and btillds 
up vitality. Those who are delicate, or 
who havf throat troubles, will find it 
helpful to go out of a heated house grad- 
ually, and come In in the sjimo way. 
Tarry a little at the door. In hall or 
vestibule, partliiilarly when going out 
of a crowded warm hall, or chunh. 
Don't go to the fire at once when you 
come in. Let changes be gradual. When 
much exposed to cold, farmers should 
be particular to have food that furnishes 
all the starch, sugar and fat they crave. 
And it will be a good deal if they are at 
work when in the cold. If you get wet. 
a skin In a vigorous condition from cool 
bathing and rubbing. an«i the body 
healthy from eating plain, simple footi, 
will enable you to laugh at taking cold, 
under any reasonable exposure. It is 
best to keep exorcising, however, when 
clothes are wet until you can rub your- 
self and put on dry clothes. 

I suppose the gardeners and truck- 
sters lose sleep by going Into the city 
very early in the morning. They should 
go to bed early enotigh to get needed 
sleep, or else talte a nap in the afternoon 
when they get home. A certain amount 
of sleep Is required for perfect health, 
but Individuals vary considerably In 
the amount needed, owing to the 
dilTercncc in their orgaQizations, 




The Practical Karmer 

January 10. 1903. 

age and circumstances. Authorities 
Bay too much sleep may be as bad 
as too little. Again, sleep before 
midnight is t'onsidered more restful, 
hour for hour, than two taken after 
that timo. If, when all is normal, and 
you go to bed regularly at 9 P. M., say, 
you sleep soundly for 8 hours, on the 
average, then that is about the amount 
of sleep you need, and you should cer- 
tainly get it in one way or another, 
dally. One better take an hour or two 
for a nap in the ;ifternoon than to wear 
himself out prematurely. Sleep is na- 
ture's restorer for a tired person. Just 
enough will make us as good as ever. 
Never think time spent in sleeping 
soundly is wasted. To lie and doze 
along, after one is through with sound 
sleep, is another matter, more pleasant 
sometimes, perhaps, than really neces- 
sary for the best of health. 


/Q . y €/i^^ 


A Trip in the Land of the Sky. 


The editor spent a week or two the 
past Summer in a series of Summer 
lnstitut?s in the Piedmont and Moun- 
tain country of North Carolina. The 
first of the series was held at Snow 
Camp, a village with a woolen mill, near 
the south foot of the Cane Creek moun- 
tain, a foot hill in the county of Ala- 
mance, and not far from where the first 
blood was shed in resistance to British 
tyranny that led to the Declaration of 
Independence, at Charlotte in 1775, the 
battle of Alamance, between the colo- 
nists and the troops of the Royal Gov- 
ernor Tryon. In an old family resi- 
dence there I was shown an old oaken 
arm chair on the back of wtiich is a 
brass plate with an inscription reciting 
that the chair was brought to North 
Carolina by Simon Dixon in 1751, and 
that it was occupied by Lord Cornwallls 
on his retreat from the battle of Guil- 
ford Court House in 1781. This battle 
was the turning point in the Revolution 
and sent Cornwallis to his fate at York- 
town. Leaving this pretty valley and 
its well cultivated farms we went west- 
ward, holding an Institute at Guilford 
College, a beautiful place in which the 
Friends or Quakers conduct a highly 
successful college. In the auditorium 
of the college we had a highly Intelli- 
gent audience and a very Interesting 
meeting. Sunday was spent in the in- 
teresting town with the double name 
Winston-Salem. Winston is a prosper- 
ous city that has sprung up alongside 
the quiet old Moravian town of Salem, j 
Here, ov-?r a hundred years ago came the j 
Moravians from Pennsylvania, and es- 
tablished their settlement. True to 
their love for education they built a 
great school for girls, which Is still a 
flourishing Institution with Its quaint i 
old brick buildings of ample size, shaded 
by magnificent oaks, and with a park of 
the original forest for the use of the 
young ladies. The old church, an am- j 
pie structure still fills the needs of the 
town, and on a hill back of the town | 
is the beautiful "God's Acre" where the 
dead of the congregation repose, each 
with a simple square slab over the head I 
of the grave and nothing more. The , 
avenue In front of the cemetery Is lined i 
with ancient cedars of great size, and | 
no driving or bicycle riding is allowed i 
along this avenue. Down in the valley i 
below the town are the factories of all ; 
sorts In which the people are engaged, I 
for the Moravians are thrifty people 
and many are wealthy. Soon after 
leaving Winston our party divided and ! 
two of us took the Mountain series, 
going by rail to the little town of Lenoir, 
nestling among the foothills of the Blue 
Ridge. Here we found a comfortable | 
vehicle with a team of four horses ready 
to take us to the village of Blowing 
Rock on t^ie crest of the Blue Ridge, i 
It was a drive of 22 miles, first crossing 
the divide between the waters of the 
Catawba and those of the valley of the 
Yadkin, up which stream we rode 
through pretty bottom lands with fields 
of waving corn till we came to the foot 
of a long mountain spur up which the 
road climbed. It was a long continuous 
pull of ten miles up, and the top was 
reached just as the hotels were having 
supper, which was l)y that time welcome 
to us. At the hotel that night we slept 
under two pairs of blankets and a coun- : 
terpane. for the village is over 4,000 1 
feet above th? sea level. A visit to the \ 

rock which gives the place name was 
the first thing before breakfast. This 
rock juts out over an awful precipice 
and one looks down on the tops of the 
forest trees thousands of feet below, and 
involuntarily draws back. Off in the 
distance there are mountains piled on 
mountains to the shadowy outline of 
Mount Mitchell, the highest point of 
land this side the Rockies. Not a leaf 
was stirring, but holding one's hand 
over the edge of the rock a strong up- 
ward draft Is perceived, and at times It 
Is so strong that a hat thrown over will 
come back to the rock. The heated air 
of the valley is always rushing up that 
deep chasm. From Blowing Rock we 
drove in the early morning to Boone 
the county seat of Watauga county, ten 
miles away, and 1,200 lower than Blow- 
ing Rock and in the drainage of the 
New River, which rises in a Spring at 
Blowing Rock, and flows north through 
West Virginia to the Greenbrier and 
then to the Kanawha and the Ohio. 
But a hundred yards from the New 
River spring is another spring from 
which the Yadkin takes its rise and 
flows through North and South Caro- 
lina, changing Its name to the Pedee 
River before entering South Carolina, 
and emptying Into the Georgetown Bay. 
Boone Is in a little valley surrounded by 
lofty mountains, and the valley itself is 
3,000 feet above the sea level. Here we 
found our watches were an hour fast, as 
the town keeps Central time, and Is but 
13 miles from Tennessee. The moun- 
tain people came out and we had a very 
Interesting meeting. The next day was 
spent in a journey through the moun- 
tains over the worst of rocky roads, 
twenty-five miles to Jefferson, the coun- 
ty seat of Ashe county, still on this high 
plateau 3.000 feet above the sea. The 
forests of white pine and hemlock made 
the country look like Canada, and the 
nights were cold enough to make us 
think we were a long way north of the 
old North State. Jefferson Is one wide 
street with a row of sugar maples on 
each side and two rows of g^eat cherry 
trees down the middle, making three 
roadways of the streeet. Back of the 
town the Negro mountain rises with a 
crest of black rock and makes one of 
the most striking elevations above the 
plateau. Here we were in a grass and 
cattle country. Haystacks were every- 
where in the valley, and the cattle all 
gave evidence of Short Horn blood. But 
little corn Is grown, and to the passer by 
the whole country seems in grass On 
this elevated section the people must 
always be graziers and raisers of cattle 
for others to finish; for corn Is selling 
there now for |1.25 per bushel and they 
cannot afford to finish beeves. I was 
told that they will send many cattle to 
Illinois to fatten this Fall. The country 
east of the Blue Ridge, where corn and 
cow peas can be grown will always be 
able to beat the mountain plateau in 
finishing beeves If they once realize 
their opportunity, which as yet they do 
not. The Idea of planting cherry trees 
In the street was a novel one, and they 
told us that the trees supplied all the 
town with all the cherries they wanted. 
We rather envied them the cherries, 
since down in the warm part of the 
State they cannot be grown. But up 
here among the white pines and hem- 
locks It was hard to realize that down 
In the far corner of the same State there 
were cabbage palms In the forest. 
From Jefferson to Sparta was another 
rough ride of 25 miles. Sparta Is a 
village in Alleghany county, and is the 
county seat. The stockmen turned out 
and we had at Jefferson, an Inter- 
esting meeting. The same evening after 
the close of the meeting we drove 8 
miles to a hotel at Roaring Gap on the 
crest of the Blue Ridge. This crest is 
but a hundred or two feet above the 
valleys through which we had been trav- 
eling, and we there at once got an Idea 
of the height of the great Alleghany 
plateeu. for on reaching the hotel we 
suddenly came out on a (rest and looked 
down over the wide valley of the Yadkin 
River which lay like a map down below 
us In a vast panorama, and we could see 
towns from right to left that are eighty 
miles apart by rail. The view Is far 
more extensive, though less Impressive 
in the nearby view than at Blowing 
Rock, though the site Is 1,000 feet lower 
than at Blowing Rock. A drive the 
next morning down the mountain 
brought us to Elkin, and the Elk Inn, 
where they show the horns of the last 
elk killed in the valley. A slTort rail- 
road ride to Rural Hall and then 14 
miles drive In to the foothills called the 
Sauratown mountains brought us to the 

Vade Mecum springs where there was a 
crowd of people drlpking the salty Uthla 
water. We had a rousing crowd the 
following morning in a section where 
Institutes have never before been held. 
The next day down to the railroad again 
and off for Raleigh, tired and worn, but 
enjoying the trip and hoping that much 
good has been done. One peculiarity 
In the mountains of North Carolina 
strikes the stranger. This Is that on 
nearly all of these mountains, unlike 
mountains in general, the soil Is rich to 
the top, and there is a constant tempta- 
tion to clear steep lands for cultivation 
which should always be left in forest. 
The magnificent forests are rapidly giv- 
ing way, and it is hoped that the Appa- 
lachian Park will be established by the 
next Congress, and preserve these 
sources of the rivers from being cleared, 
and the lower country from disastrous 
floods. In these mountains there Is the 
greatest forest growth, particularly of 
hard wood trees, on the continent, and 
in looking out from the mountain top 
one is impressed by the fact that the for- 
est still covers by far the larger part of 
the country as far as the eye can reach. 
A wise system of forestry will preserve 
this forest for all time and make It 
profitable to do so. Now the lumber- 
men are wasting It' 


Ans wered by the P. F. of Philadelphia. 

We shall be glad to answer In thte column all ques- 
tions pertaining to the farm an<l farm operations 
which our HubiM-rlbers send us. Write your questions 
plainly and us brlully as you can. 

Corn Silage and Shredded Stover. — 
A subscriber suggests as a topic for the 
Experience Pool, "Is corn silage of any 
more feeding value than the same corn 
properly cured and shredded?" This is 
hardly a discussable question. There Is 
no doubt that if the shredded corn 
stover and the corn Is fed and eaten the 
feeding value will be as good as that of 
the silage. But, of course, mere shred- 
ded stover is not as good as the whole 
corn made Into silage. The great ad- 
vantage in the silage is that it is eaten 
up cleaner, owing to its succulent condi- 
tion. Putting corn into the silo adds 
nothing to Its feeding value, but simply 
puts It Into a more palatable condition 
and comes nearer to the succulence of 
the herbage the animals have gotten In 
pasture during the Summer, and hence 
more of It Is eaten than of dry fodder. 

Fertilizing Clover. — E. T. Moore, 
Preston, Md.— "My corn field for next 
year had a good stand of clover the past 
Summer. It was pastured close, and 
about half the field has been manured 
this Fall. What kind of phosphate 
should I use on the remainder, and how 
and when to use it for the best results? 
I have a field that has a fine stand of 
clover. I want to cut It for hay and put 
part In tomatoes Will it pay me to 
phosphate the clover, and when the hay 
l£; cured plow the rest of the land for 
cow peas? If so, what kind of phosphate 
and how much per acre? Some papers 
I can do without, but I must have the 
P. F. every week." We would say to our 
friend that there Is only one kind of 
phosphate used In fertilizers, the phos- 
phate of lime. You have fallen Into the 
Incorrect habit common on the Eastern 
Shore, of calling all commercial fertil- 
izers "phosphates." The phosphate of 
lime made soluble by sulphuric acid is a 
component part of all the various brands 
and It is the only thing In them proper- 
ly called a phosphate. Now as to the 
clover sod that Is to go in corn, we do 
not think that it will pay you to use 
any fertilizer except plain acid phos- 
phate and potash mixed In six parts of 
the first to one of the last named, which 
should be in the form of muriate of 
potash. We would use 400 pounds per 
acre, broadcast, after the land Is plowed 

General Debility 

Day in and out there is that feeling of 
weakness ttiat makes a harden of itself. 

Food does not strengthen. 

Sleep does not refresh. 

It l8 hard to do, hard to bear, what 
shonld be easy, — vitality is on the ebb, and 
the whole system sufTers. 

For this condition take 

Hood's Sarsaparitla 

It Titalizes the blood, gives vigor iind tone 
to all the organs and functions, and Is 
positively tuiequalled for all mn-down or 
debilitated conditions. 

MouD'S fii-LB ours coustlpfttMT). U csots, 

and then work it Into the soil in the 
harrowing. The soil in your neighbor- 
hood is generally light and thin but easi- 
ly improved, and the place where the 
commercial fertilizers will do the most 
good is on the pea crop The same fer- 
tilization advised for the corn will give 
you good results on the peas. We would 
apply to the clover this Winter or early 
Spring, about 10 to 15 bushels per acre 
of freshly slacked lime, either shell or 
stone lime. This will help the clover 
crop as much as anything you can use, 
and will not then damage the pea crop 
as it will if directly applied to the peas. 
Then when the clover is cut plow land 
well and apply 400 pounds per acre of 
the acid phosphate and muriate of pot- 
ash and harrow it in before sowing the 
peas. For the tomatoes, in our experi- 
ence, there is nothing equal to a com- 
post of stable manure and woods earth 
piled and turned a number of times be- 
fore using. If you feel that the P. F. 
is helpful to you try to extend its help 
among your neighbors. 

Dogs Wanted.— H. P. Bradley, Md., 
wants to know where he can get hounds 
and Harrier puppies. Those breeding 
such things should advertise them In 
the P. F. The editor does not know o£ 
any breeder of these dogs. 

A Farmer 

on Long Island 
lost 51,000 by 
neglecting to add 
a few dollars 
worth of 

of Soda 

to his 

Our Bulletin, "Food for Plants," 
tells how and why. This book, tnd 
several others of equal value to farm- 
ers, we mall free to all applicants. 
Send Post Card. 

WILLIAM 5. MYERS, Director. 
12 John Street, (Room 137) New York. 


fBtwrr. >Nt«M«T. 


Cobltskllt. N. V. 


Valuable free book mailed to any one Intfrt-Bted- 
AUUresu JOHN H. JACK.SON, Albany, N. Y. 



It is easy to plant, but Bomethine f 
I more to properly care for a gardpn. 
■ The amateur cardener, the flower 
] (ardener and the market eardener 
(who erow veeetables for profit will 
[each find inthis 

' Jr." No. 12 Wheel Ho« 
the best and most efficient garden 
tool ever offered the public Cul- 
tivates all veeetables astride or be- 
tween the rows; deep or shallow; 
kills all weeds; breaks up the top 
oust after rains; saves the soil mois- 
ture, plows, opens furrows, etc. 
Adjustable to various %'idth 
rows. One man can do more 
work with it and do it 
^easier and better than six 
men can do with 
common hoes. 

< c 


They are so easy to handle that 
many boys and even (iris operate 
them successfully. 

This is but one of the fifty 
seeding end culiivatinc imple- 
ments which we make. The list 
includes plain and combined 
Seed Sowers, Wheel Hoes, Hand 
Cultivators, Walking Cultiv.ntors, 
and One and Two-Horse Ridins 
Cultivators, Special Sugar Unct 
Tools, etc. Our new 1'I03 cat.i- 
Injruelt jui,tpubU>>i«l. Itconuint • ver 
lUU llluscritiunt «lth full dewriptiuns 
•nd pTicM. It <:'•«» you nothing nnd 
wilt mtkajrou money. Write ui for it. 

B. L. ALLXV ft 00., 
Box T711 Philsdelplds, Bt. 

mmnn jr. 

January 10, 1003. 

The PracticaIv Farmer 






A Young Couple 
Were Married 5 Years Ago 

He had a moderate salary. They started simply and saved. But they didn't 
skimp. They gave Httle dinners and heard the best lectures. In five years ' . ' 
they had saved enough to pay for the house at the head of this page. 

Another Young Couple Were Married, Too 

They put by $j a week, and the house at the bottom of this page is now 

theirs,— entirely paid for. A third young couple's income was $i6 per week. 

They saved $S of it. and bought and paid for the house at the bottom of this page. 

How these and 97 others did it, step by step, dollar by dollar, is all told in 

^ the great series, "Hotj IVe Saved Tor a Honied— 100 articles by 100 people 

. - who saved for and now own their own homes on an 

Average Salary of $15 a Week : None Higher Than $30 

1 his great series will run for an entire year in 

The Ladies' Home Journal 

For ONE DOLLAR, for a year's subscription, you get the whole series. 





* 4 


The Practical. r^ARiviER 

jTanuary 10, lU();i. 

Live Stock and Dairyo 

A Ureal t'oiubinatlon. 

Wtilli' •.VI- ki'ip tills ileiuirtiiiciit iiiito-iliitc on Htock 
HiKl ilalry iiiiitKis, we know thai iiiiiiiy of our reuilers 
woiiltl liki-. Ill mlililioii. an i-xcliiMlvt-ly Htofk pMpt-r. 
AuioiiK ilifiii wi- ntiunl Tin- Hifcilir's (Juzt'ttf. of 
<'IiUmu,i. til*- li-ailliiK oiif. \Vf \m\v iiuuIh uriHliKf- 
nn-iit> ti.v whi.-li WI? ciiii .si'iiil Ihi' I'. V. iiiul Till' Ureiil- 
er's (iiixfllc liotli oiii- year lur only |l.Ui(. 

Points to be Considered in the 
nomic Production of Beef. 

(cu.NCH DKD.) 


We havp, at present, a great many 
men who are tattle feeders. This meth- 
od has some advantages and many dia- 
advantayes. There seems to be a great 
many uii< ertainties about this kind of 
work, 'llie cattle feeder must, first of 
all. buy his animals right else he can- 
not hoi)e to realize a profit. It is very 
diiricuit lo K<'t animals of good quality. 
This is due largely to the fact that the 
men who breed the cattle have been ac- 
ruBtomed to receiving a certain price for 
animals of the various ages with little 
or no disirimination so far as quality 
ia concerned. All two-year-olds broiight 
about the same price, thus there was 
not much encouragement for the breed- 
er who spent money in securing valua- 
ble sires. We are glad to note a decid- 
ed change in favor of the man who 
breeds good cattle. The feeders are act- 
ing wisely when they are willing to rec- 
ognize good blood and quality by pay- 
ing more for the same. It is certainly 
most gratifying to receive a letter from 
a commission merchant stating that he 
is about to receive a bunch of cattle 
from a certain ranch where nothing but 
the best of pure bred sires have been 
used for a certain period of years. 
Range cattle are no longer being sold 
as just "range stuff." They are being 
graded and sold on their merits. When 
this policy is universally adopted the 
results will be far reaching. It will 
mean better markets for our surplus 
bulls, better feeders for the corn belt 
farmer to j)ut in his feed lot, and last 
and most in)portant of all, a much bet- 
ter market through which the farmer 
may dispose of hi* corn crop. Success 
in any line of work is largely governed 
by the methods pursued at the begin- 
ning. This is especially true in the pro- 
duction of l)eef. There is no other one 
feature of the business quite so import- 
ant as to have the right kind of an ani- 
mal. An animal possessing the desired 
form combined with plenty of quality. 
Bear in mind that width of back, loin 
and hind quarters are indispensable in 
the good steer. The three factors which 
determine the selling price of the steer 
In any one of our leading markets are 

which the steer did not assimilate. With 
our present methods of feeding we are 
simply at the mercy of the hog and the 
ravages which afflict him. If cholera 
attacks the hog and wipes him out, 
about twenty-five per cent, of our high 
priced corn is wasted except from a fer- 
tility standpoint. This is a question 
which every farmer should study care- 
fully. How can he make beef without 
the hog to consume the waste feed? Not 
that we have any objections to the hog, 
for he certainly Is the farmer's best 
friend, but we must be prepared for 
emergencies. We must feed cattle 
oftentimes when we have no hogs. We 
must study more carefully the process 
of digestion of feed stuffs. When we 
see from twenty to thirty per cent, of 
the corn which a steer is made to con- 
sume pas.'^lng through the digestive sys- 
tem it is a sure indication that there la 
something wrong. We are either feed- 
ing the animal more than it can assimi- 
late or Its digestive system is out of 
condition. In most instances the trou- 
ble Is due to a deranged digestive sys- 
tem caused by over feeding. This leads 
up to another point which is the mixing 
of grain and roughage together, which 
is, in our estimation, the ideal way of 
feedjng cattle. When the grain is fed 
sei)arately from the roughage it Is 
greedily swallowed and passes into the 
third and fourth stomachs of the ani- 
mal, thus escaping mastication and the 
action of the saliva of the mouth which 
has the power of converting starch into 
sugar which Is digestible. By mix- 
ing the grain with the roughage it will 
be re-ma.sticated, thus much more thor- 
oughly digested than when each are fed [ 
separately. This method of feeding in- j 
volves the cutting of roughage, a step j 
which most farmers are not prepared to 
take as yet, but one which they can well ; 
afford to be thinking about, as in the 
near future it will be practiced by the 
most successful cattle feeders. Another 
question which Is worthy of our atten- 
tion is the silo. The silo, while a new 
thing in Iowa, is by no means an ex- 
periment. It has been thoroughly test- 
ed in the Eastern States and Clanada 
and when once tried it speaks for itself. 
It is now considered to be indispensable 
on the dairy farm, and while it has not 
been, as yet, very generally used in the 
production of beef, the results as re- 
ported to date are moat en(;ou raging. 
The silo is by all odds the cheapest 
medium through which we can obtain 
succulent feed for our stoik during the 
Winter months. In recapitulation I 
n'ay say that the successful farmer of 
the future will be the man who com- ! 
bines the production of first-class live I 
stock with his farming operations, who 

securing more complete digestion of 
the same, and who stores his corn stalks 
in the silo that they may be converted 
into beef and dairy products instead of 
being burned in the fields. 


AM Inquliiea for answers In this department should 
be sent to A. 8. AlexHiitli-r, M. I). C. V. H., lum Davto 
St., Kvanaton, III., who Iium editorial charge of thii 
rtepartment. All Inquiries rpqiilrlng aniiwer by mail 
muHt U; ac(Jom(>anlea by a fee of |1 each. 

Sweeney. — I have a 7-year-old horse that 
.commenced showing lameness in front early 
'in the Fall of irtoi, but very slight and only 
for a few days at a time. Then he would , 
seem all rUht for from one to three weeks. ! 
Me would show it the most In turning. He | 
has gradually got worse and during last Sum- i 
uier he began to sweeney In both shoulders. I 
1 kept blistering lightly and finally succeeded I 
In getting the sweeney all out of one shoulder i 
but the other Is as bad as ever. It Is in the i 
top of the shoulder and In the front and also ' 
In the back part of the shoulder. The lame- I 
ness is gone from one leg. 

Ani/ota, Ind. Walter II. Ward. | 

It should be remembered In these 
cases that wasting of the muscles of the j 
shoulder often Indicates lameness In the ' 
feet rather than in the shoulders. It 
may be that you are right In attributing 
the lameness in this to the condi- \ 
tlon of the shoulder muscles, but we 
would advise you to make a careful ex- 
amination of the feet for corns or other 
cause of lameness. To restore the lost 
muscles inject ten drops of turpentine 
under the skin at points 2 inches apart 
all over the wasted part. Inject by 
means of a strong hypodermic needle 
and syringe. This will cause much 
swelling, which will subside after a 
time and cause the muscles to grow. If 
the first injection does not completely 
restore the muscles repeat the treat- 
ment in from one to two months. Dur- 
ing this time the horse should be gener- 
ously fed on oats and bran and be given 
work or plenty of exercise every day. 

Skin niMfiriler.— I have a seven- year- 
old mare that has had an Itch for some time. 
Small pimples on the skin, mostly about the 
neck. I tried a remedy for nettle rash, which 
I found In the horse and cattle doctor, but 
did not cure. Will you please give me some 
advice V Mare Is fed on corn and fodder, 
with green rye twice a week. 

Mkui. N. C. M. T. Rkhrie. 

First see to it that chicken lice are 
rot the cause of this of the 
skin. We often find that where the skin 
is Irritated about the head and neck 

Say-" Send Help" 

And I'll Send It. 

No money is wanted— just a postal. 
Tell me the book you need. 

I will mail you an order — good at any 
drug store— ofr six bottles Dr. Shoop's 
Restorative. You may take it a month 
on trial. If it succeeds, the cost is J5.50. 
If it fails, I will pay the druggist ray- 
self— and your mere word shall decide it. 

Don't think I can't cure because others 
have failed. I have a way that no other 
man knows. Let the remedy Itself con- 
vince you. 

At least you know this:— If I failed 
very often the offer would ruin me. No 
sick one need pay, if he cannot pay glad- 
ly; yet 3y out of each 40 pay. 

If you need help, don't wrong yourself 
by waiting. My way is almost sure. It 
will certainly cure any case that is 

I have spent a lifetime in learning 
how to strengthen weak inside nerves. 
My Restorative brings back that power 
which alone operates the vital organs. 
I treat that weak organ as I would a 
weak engine, by giving It the power to 
act. My way always succeeds, save 
when a cause like cancer makes a cure- 
impossible. And most of these chronic 
diseases cannot be cured without it. 

You'll know this when you read my 

simply stiite which 1 Book No. 1 on Dvspepsla, 
t)ook vou wiinf onH I S"*'' ^'^- ■■'"" "'^ Heart, 
oooK >ou want, and Book No. 3 on the Kidneys, 
address Dr. Shoop, Box Book No. 4 for Women, 

ST-» Kacin.. WI. 5™'.'' ?°- * '""■ ^'^"- (scaled) 

ttTT, itacine. Wis. | Book No (t on Kheumatlsm. 

Mild cases, not chronic, are often cured by ou«i or 
two bottles. At all drugglsu. 

percentage; that is per cent, of dressed '^r'^^ i'^^'f 'T* ^*"" ^^f double purpose 

weight to live weight; quality; that l.s, 
a thick covering of good flesh over the 
back and loin, and proportion, which 
means as much weight as possible in the 
back, loin and hindquarters where the 
high priced cuts are to be found. Hav 

of producing butter and calves Intended 
for the block, who gets nearly as many ! 
pounds of gain from sixteen pounds of 
corn as the average feeder of today gets 
from twenty-five pounds when fed to 
cattle. Who combines his grain with 

ing secured the'right kind of an animal ' the rougbap:o fed to his animals thereby 

the next anrl most important la how to j 
secure the greatest gain in weight at the { 
very lowest cost. When feed stuffs were \ 
low in price and labor was high the j 
feeder acted wisely when he economized I 
labor at the of feed. With corn | 
ranging from forty to fifty cents per 
•bushel he can no longer follow such I 
methods. It is now a question of econo- 1 
raizing in feed. The feeder raust get | 
more pounds of gain from a bushel of I 
< orn than he has ever done in the past. [ 
In this respect there is a great need for I 
investigations pertaining to the ad visa- ' 
blllty or non-advisablllty of feeding 
lighter grain rations. If fifteen or 
eighteen pounds of corn per steer per 
day will give as good results as twenty- 
five and thirty pounds of the same, it 
certainly would be much more economi- 
cal for the feeder to adopt such methods. 
Feeding experiments conducted at the 
Minnesota Station and at the Ontario 
Agricultural College with light, medium 
and heavy meal rations for fattening 
steers have shown the medium and light 
rations to be much more economical 
than the heavy rations. In these experi- 
ments, however, the gains calculated 
were those made by the cattle alone, as 
there were no hogs to utilize that part 

There are two kinds 
of Cream Separators 



TubulaLr Sepa.ra.tors 

•ind the olhera. 

_ The Sharpies has a plain.simple.effco- 
^ tive, easily w.iihcd bowl that rant i{i;t out , 
of order.bocaiis.- it lias no complicated pans. 
Theolhcrs, without cxccplion, have 
pliciiti:d cones, di'srs. partitions andRratcts, 
diUicult to wash and frequently out of order. 
The dillcrcnre is vast. It's 
the diDcrence be- 
|lwoen success and 
'Talk* won't explain 
the diCFercnce. Uut ^^^^BU 
thought and judemciif -^^^^^■f 
and expLri.nce will. We -•'^^^^* 
have a hnndsomely Illus- 
trated paper ihat will help yon. of 
we'll MnJ yuu a Sharplet Tu'm- 
lat *nd let you try it for 

SharDlMCo., P. M. Shirpln. 

Chleie*. lilt. Wttt Chtitir. P^ 


The Old Reliable Remedy 

far ■MTtM, Rlackon«a. B»llaU, Carba andall 
forma of Laatencw. The aaeofa afngle botUem** 
double U>« selUDK price of your boneT •"""»' 

r^ „ ,'yO*7;H$100TOTHI8«AH. 

Ur. B. J. KcnUall Co., <;entleincn:— I h*vecuf«dl Curb 
Rpavin (.f one year'« itamlinif. and nearly removel all 
>!«» of it wtlh two l...ttlfi of Ken.lallS Silvio Cure. I 
would Doltake$IOO for what It hat done for me. 

C. I.. MARVIN. Cellar Run. Pa., No». W, 1»C0. 
Thooaanda of men report equallr gooA or auporior 
renilU from It! uae. rrlw, fit •!■ rar«t. Ai « llal- 
iment for family une It haji no equal. JtKk ^our drua<- 
,Vt«t for Kendall'a Spavin Cure, alao <*A TtmIIm 
•a Ik* Han*," Die book free, or addma 


None genuine williout our ulitnature on lal*l 
Th^L.awrenoe- WllllttMia Co., Cleveland. O. 

j AValue^ble 

^^ Cow . 

You can add Talue to any cow with • 

Hand Separator 

because U will save over So per cent, of the loM 

reeultinif from the old mpthtjd of Bitting. It 

win Heparate wurni or cold milk, light or 

heavy cream, and akim cUnn. We 8«"n<l the 

National ana let It prove Its worth rli;ht la 

your own borne duiry. 

10 DAYS' USE rncE. 

Coata nothing I fyou don't buy— costa 

uotbInK If you do, for It paya Ita 

cu8t In what 1 1 aavea. bvod 

for catalogue. 

latlODal Dairy XarhlaaCo. 






For twenty yeai3 the World's Standard 

Send for fret catalogut. 

TM 0« Laval t«parat«r Co.. 74 Cortlantft It.. N.Y. 


It costa y. 11 nothinjf to try It. Catalo^ua frea for th« aiklaff. 


The EMPIRE «:5f4J,„. 

The Eaay Rifaalac Kla4. 

will clK twttM iMIifartia. m»kt y<a m«i% 
^ iDoary tvA Ihi liamr ikaa aay Mk«r. Oar 

1 Empire Cream 8ei>arator Co, 

' Bi/)o»irii:i.i>. .\. J. 

-^- -f*** 

Breeding Cows H&ve Troubiea. 

These are common and but natural: 

I Barrennes». At.ortions. Keuined Afterlirth, Carpet, 

Mill! l-ever. Scours. There i-> a ipecific 

remedy for just these tldnj^. 


Cures Cow Weaknesses. 

It it for oowi only, 
j tti mlnlooll to keep the profits comlnr for the dairy- 
I man. It is not a fi>od t<ut a powder to l« mix^ with 1 
I the (ood, whiih preparesiowaandcarries them safely I 
lthroiif(h their trying times. W.irth to you as mm h as I 
llhe dilTerente i«i*een the (foud milker and tliel'Sr-l 
Ireocow. I. ndorsed liy every dairyman who Itoowa I 
III. All row men should have It. Hold by dralera. [ 
I Write tis for l>rrBo..kM"Ko»Kuref.jrCoKs Only." 

Dairy Aasoeiation. Lyndonville. Vt. 


! Bone und Bok SpHvln. RinKbone. Vurtt 
Thorouicli|>ln. Hpllat. Capped Hock, Shoe 
Boll, Wind PuSr, 'Weak and Hprulnatf 
Tcadona uud tail ■.•■leaeaa. 

Can th' api.lif.l during bottxat weather. 

Work h*ir*<vo<)}- Ifdealred. 

Cures wiihnut acar, blenilah or loaaofhalr. 

(ontalna no Araenlc. C'orroalve SubllmRte or other 
form of Mercury or any lugredlem that can Injurs 
the Horae. 

Chronli* and Keemlngly Inrurahle caaex In the ad- 
vance<l atate that bav* bwn fired 2 or 3 time* und 
(rtveii up as bop«lcaa, poaltively and peroianentlr 
curad. ' 


Written Kuarantee with everv Jwttle, con. 
8tructe<l Bolely to convtiice. sullHfv and protect 
von fully. The need of secojid hottlo l.s almost 
Improhahle exre|)t In rnreHt ca>«e8. (iuuraiitee 
covers etieotlvene.w of one lK>ttle. 

8..(J<) at all druKgUU and deulem. or sent 


hho Manufacfurers of VETERINARY PIXINE 

the one .sclentlllc, Hiitlaeptlo, unri<lllnK, healing 
otntinenl. I'oHjtlvely furen mrHtrhes, Krcane 
heel, speed ora<'kH, honple eliaiCH. iiliHceHHen, 
BorpH, oraoked teats, caked bate, cow |x).x, hoof 
rot and skin diseases. 

2 oz.. 25c.: 8 oz., 50c. : 5-lb. pkg., 54.00. 
At all drusKlstB and dealers, or scut prepaid. 




January 10, 1903. 


that chicken lice are the cause. Clip the 
hair from the parts affected and wash 
with 1-75 solution of Chloro-Naptholeum 
three times a week. Change food to oats 
and bran mashes and avoid corn and 
irreen rye. These foods are liable to 
heat the animal and cause skin disor- 
ders, and especially so if the animal is 
not worked or given plenty of exercise 
and stands in a hot, badly ventilated 
barn which is not kept properly cleaned. 
If you are not successful in curing the 
case with the above treatment then add 
internal treatment by administering 
night and morning for two weeks, half 
an ounce of Fowler's solution of arsenic. 
At the And of two weeks commence to 
let up on this treatment but do not stop 
It suddenly. Allow a lump of rock salt 
In manger to be licked at will. See that 
stable is cleaned, whitewashed and 
well ventilated. 

Dead PIk* — We have a brood sow that 

dropped 7 pigs dead and 2 alive and the 2 

lived about 24 hours. Is the .how likely to 

'lose her pigs next tImeV Ur will It pav us 

to keep her or not V T. F. liin .SK. 

HarrUonbury. la. 

If you feed and manage the sow prop- 
erly there is no reason that she should 
not bring a live litter next time. We 
find from experience that where sows 
have the bad luck described they have 
usually been heavily fed on corn and 
have not had sufficient exercise during 
pregnancy. If you will see to it that 
before serving her again she is got into 
healthy condition by exercise and feed- 
ing on such foods as middlings, bran, 
ground oats and oil meal along with 
succulent food such as silage, roots or 
green stuff and that when pregnant she 
Is fed in this way while exercised, she 
will have no trouble at pigging time. 
It is heavy feeding, fat condition, co.s- 
tlveness and lack of exercise that lead 
to week litters or dead pigs such as 
you report. 

gation consists in giving two ounces of a 
1-100 solution of coal tar creosote twice 
a week for two weeks or even longer if 
necessary. Calves should be generously 
fed upon crushed oats and bran and 
have milk if possible. Where a large 
number of calves are affected they may 
I be fumigated with iodine by using the 
tincture of iodine in a vapor lamp in the 
same way as children are fumigated 
when afflicted with whooping cough. It 
is impossible to keep calves free from 
this disease if they are allowed to pas- 
ture the low wet ground. Whore the dis- 
ease has been experienced calves should 
not be turned out to grass at all during 
the first twelve months of their life, but 
should be well fed in large clean yards. 
2. The best treatment for curb after 
what you have done would l)e to have 
it puncture or feather fired and blis- 
tered by a veterinarian. If you cannot 
have this done then clip hair from part 
and blister with cerate of cantharides, 
one ounce; biniodide of mercury, one 
drachm; mix. Tie animal up short so 
he cannot lie down. Rub the blister in 
for 15 minutes by the watch. Wash it 
off with soap and warm water in 48 
hours; then apply lard daily. Repeat 
the blister in three weeks if skin is well 
enough. In such cases it is well to 
keep toe short and apply a shoe having 
heels but no toe calkins. Also prevent 
colt from straining part. Sudden stop- 
ping as where colt is pulled up short in 
harness or when stopping short at a 
gate when galloping at pasture tend to 
cause the trouble. Avoid breeding ani- 
mals having curby shaped hocks. 

VermlnonH BronchitlN. — Curb. — 1. 

Can you tell me what Is the matter with my 
calves and what to do for them? About 
September lat I took them out of bottom pas- 
ture gra.'<s. They coughed a hacking cough. 
I'ut them on high land and In barn nights 
and fed hay cut from bottom pasture. I 
gave them one-half teacup of coaloll and one 
died and another one Is down. Some of them 
look well. Keemed to have good appetite 
till I gave coal oil. 2. I have a horse 3 years 
olu last June, t broke him last Spring to 
work. He curbed himself In pasture. 1 used 
blister and spavin cure. DIdnt seem to do 
any good, so 1 used turpentine und sweet 
milk, equal parts and cured laneness 
Worked all Summer, but this Fall when I 
pulled shoes off got lame again and bunch Is 
growing. \v. M. Welkly. 

Orarrl Ford, On: 

I. The calves are afflicted with ver- 
minous bronchitis and it was contracted 
on that low land. A tablespoonful dose 
of coal oil would have been plenty and 
the amount you gave was quite suflicient 
to seriously affect calves as stated. Ver- 
minous bronchitis Is due to thread like 
worms, known as strongylus mlcrurus. 
In the wind pipe and air passages of the 
lungs. Internal treatment is insuf- 
ficient for the cure of this disease. The 
common method of treatment is to ex- 
pose the affected calves to the fumes of 
burning sulphur in a room, the windows 
and doors of which are to be thrown 
open at once when calves are in danger 
of suffocation, as indicated by severe 
coughing. We prefer to fumigate with 
Iodine. It may be done in th° following 
•way where but a few calves have to be 
treated; pour a teaspoonful of tincture 
of iodine upon a hot brick, place the 
brick in a sack, then insert the head of 
the calf for a few moments over and 
over again. This treatment is to be re- 
peated two or three times with intervals 
of three days between treatments. It 
will kill the worms, but they will have 
to be coughed up afterwards, so that 
calves will have to be well fed and cared 
for. Internal treatment, which should 
be given in conjunction with the fuml- 

linmeneHH. — I have a horse, weight, 
1,500. age. » years. He was sick all last Win- 
ter. It Is the same horse that vou dixtored 
for Indigestion. He was so Imd I <'oiilil not 
lake him out for exercise. Now he Is sore 
and stiff. It appears to be the big ords 
Inside of forelegs from foot to body. I blis- 
tered him with Kngllsh Simvin Mniineiit, 
which helped him some, but Is quite sore yet. 

tiidyuuu. Pa. \\. J. i*. 

Shorten toes and put on shoes with 
high he<?l8 but no toe calkins. Clip hair 
from back tendons from foot to knees, 
then blister with cerate of cantharides. 
It may be necessary to repeat the blis- 
tering in one month and in such cases 
it is always best to have the tendons 
fired and blistered by a qualified veteri- 
narian. It should also be added that 
one should be very careful to see that 
the tendons are the real seat of the lame- 
ness, for, as the horse has had so much 
trouble from indigestion, it is very possi- 
ble that he was foundered. In which 
case the feet would be the seat of the 
lameness. In that case the sole would 
be dropped at the point of the frog and 
pain would be evinced were you to 
strike the part indicated with a ham- 
mer. Do this and if founder is found to 
be present then clip hair from coronets 
(hoof heads) and blister once every two 
weeks with cerate of cantharides, two 
ounces; biniodide of mercury, two 
drachms: mix. Rub it in for 15 min- 
utes; wash off in 48 hours, then apply 
lard daily. A foundered horse should 
stand during the day upon wet clay if 
not at work. 



Ai\ Illu^trMed WeeKly A\aiga.xiive 

Established 172&by Bcr\j2vmii\Frauklii\ 
eiud regularly published for 175 yeckrs 

=VSU-;-'-*^sW- .*•':"; 



!!!£ Best Horse 

is liable to "ko lame" at any 
time. Cxjrbs.^ ^Splints. 
SpBLvlns and other forms of 
La^mervess yield readily 
and are cured permanently by 

Tuttle's Elixir 

L'std and Endarttd hy Adamt 

txprttt Comfany. 

Used Internally It li infallible for 

Colic, Lll&teiniicr, 1 uundcr. Pneumonia, etc. 

Tuttle's American Condition Powders 

— A specific for impure blood and all <i!<eases arising therefrom. 
TUTTLE'S FAMILY ELIXIR cure« rheumatitm. 
tpralnt. Iiruises, rt. . Kilts p»<n instantly. (Jur lOO-uagebouk. 
••Veterinary kM^rlente," FKEE. 

Or. S. A. TUTTLE. U Beverly St.. BmIm. Mau. 

Bewaiw of stxailed Eliiirt — ■•■• t«aala* bat TatUa't. 
Argld all bllsterti they ofier only tempocary relief. If lay. 


To Begin January 17 


The American 
Adventures of a 
Fortune-Hunting Lord 

III this sparkling serial story of 
. AfTierican society Mr. David Graham 

^A^^^^ll^'^ '1 ^^'^''ps "^^l^cs us personally acquainted 
^^^^^Hk; I with a certain type of Englishman. 

His campaign, begun on the liner, is 
continued in New York, Boston, Wash- 
ington, Philadelphia and Chicago. In 
each of these cities we are given a 
glimpse of the local " Smart Set " and its 
own peculiar fads and foibles. The end 
—an unexpected one-comes in Chicago. 
Another strong feature now running: 

Papers by De Bio /itz 

The distinguished Paris corres/ .ident of 

the London Tiiues. For thirty years he 

*ias been of the inner circle, and his 

brilliant achievements have won for him a unique 

^ position in European politics. 

February ist the subscription price will be in- 
creased FROM $1.00 TO $2.00 per year. 
Send a Dollar now and secure a Two - Dollar 

Magazine for half price. 

The Cuttle Publlahlnff Company 
Philadelphia. Pa. 

Large English Berkshire Swine. Hr.radol^.?,? 

I'rlifH defy ••onjtwtitlnn. Send for cataUiKiie for IWJU 
K. M. BI'BBIEK. N«w Biidway. Md. 


RrKlHtered P. fhlna. Berk. 

■ blr«ii A V. Whlim, n wka to « 

iiMi.: nialcd; not uklti; sprvir^ 
Boars: Bn'd Sown. \Vrlti>forpric<>R 
and description. We refund the 

nione.v and have iheni returned If nni NHtisHed. 

■lamllton A Co., Ronenvlck. fliester fo., Fa. 

IT M4KE& ^^J:^VT«.^^ 



I 'tterinary Surgeons. 
ALBANY, Ncw tohk. 





Keeps CowH Cleaa. 

Kwiiiits forward while Ketting 

up or l.viHK <li>wn. I.ii<k» back 

while NittiidinK. Full particu- 

lara free. KDWIN PRKs<.-«)TT. 

Beverly St., Boaton. Mass. 

Take Your Choice 

. Tha Cofivai— v.ry •im|.l.. quick 

[|to i| eralu. aully V— UlMlllei molt 

|_po»«ifijl VKiiifo Di«.l.. Sent •■• 

trial. C»if Uithorncr and other 

^supiilitt. Send fur caUliif . 

W>»t«rn orilart BIImI 

IThcCoarcx Chrlatlma, Pa. 


and tha dehorning Job i« 5mo<.thly done, no^ ■ ^a Send 

criuhinK or bmi^lni; il tlie i ■ •~" 


pehornlna: K.nir« 

It use<1. I-.a«y, ^nre and most S|>eedv 
in <>[jerat1on. N.>evil result* can fof- 
low. Liififrom fniirsi lesat .n e. [in- 
dorsed ly vftcrin.irians. r.uarrintred. 




When the.v are fed 




It (Clven to the mother cow what nature re<|iiirefi to 
auBtain Ifptai life; makea more and purer milk: n.. un- 
healthy ofTsprinuR; prevent aliortion when It comeH on 
an epidemic; 2(rth centurv rtli«covery. Write for purtl- 
culara. TOV.'VO'H FOOO CO., Media, Pa. 



oyer of thi. Book la • Ba.ntifnl LI,, Stock Ptctar. ty-Prlnt.»l In fil, n^lii— a o.., '„-.. ....... -T* „ ^^^ * . r V Vl_ I Ft f , t I t^ 

The Cover of tbl* Book la •BeantifolLIv* Stock PiotaratyPrlntod In Six Rrilii.nar>»i..». n ut m,,^ Z^ „ * '^^* 

™dac«d da«l«n of oorar. It cost «• t3000 toh.TV"ur ArtUU and^»?afe™ m^kit^t^vl^^.'.^^^X *' %^f *<• ""* •«»f •»'"« '"<■ B"«tl, 
Veterinary Department that willgaTe Ton Haodre«U ori>ohS7a ui^i.^!tLr^ ''"*"■«*'''' Book containaa Kinaly llia.trat».d 

Illiutrated Stock BTOkal»gl»eal)eacriptionrHirtor» and Illu«r»tlon/nf th^^ Waeaiiae, and tell«ho-« -^ - 

oontaina and„al.o Life EV»'^l"OTo7m"fier?N^t^ Animals^ T^^^ 9.o«»' 

bar. Our 8tocli_Book In Your Llbraryfor RaVa^VS^^^Yi't^^ttSn^^^^^^ 

I>ealer«on a-RpotOaah nnarant«."Sil^;ra FrtVrProtH"ro?oVlV'«TrS"iVr^^ 

Vour Mon., Befundad. t^U won th. rflghitV^l? IrvVii 9l^r.^o^UU^n '^^^.^.i^urf-A on onV ••r„i.r„.tio„-a.- 6ioik"Fcod^ VZ^\ 

■■ - ".. Thia 

tioata, Uoei and Poultry. It 
on 1 hat Yon Onrht To 

I. rat.>; Sh«;,V. i.o«;. Voiia'.'f^:,??;' jlS^^lfC^r 

TVk RMk Hallad rr**, PMta«* IV«paU, 

rwr am on r ABW --iT — J ^^ 7 --'v^-""", »="• n la conrtantlj fed on our "Intarnational 6to< 

International Stock Food Co., BRruTI: 

W« amploT oT.r Mm pM>pU and hav* 
BnndrMlt of Thouaanda of TaatlmoniaU 
froBi ranaart and Stockmen. 

Mock BaT* Tear 

■ Urr««« j:to<-k fnod Ptelnry In th* World. 

Capil«lPaid in,«l ncKi.rxai 


WaOctmpy 62.(XrO Pa«'t of Flr^r Spar* 


AT ( ) ( ; P n I S K 





> "' 




TThb Practicat^ Farmer 

January 10, 1903. 


ThiR <)<>pHrtinent In utidfr tli;'' vdltorlal <'hurK« of 
Mr. T. Ori'liHT. All urtlrleH for, or quastlonH relating 
t>* I, Bbuukl t»- Hf lit tu hliu lit I^ Halle, M. Y. 


Talks on Timely Xopica. 

Storing Vegetables for Winter. — On 
the siiljject of Winter storage of vegeta- 
bles for taniJly use, Dr. G. G. Oroff, of 
I'oiinBylvanla, says: "Potatoes will keep 
Very well without wilting in any collar 
which Is frostproof. The other roots, 
viz., turnips, radishes, beets, carrots 
pursuipH and salsify, must be covered 
with earth or they will wilt. Our plan 
Is to take a small barrel or keg, size to 
depend upon quantity of the root used — 
In our family a half barrel, one for each 
of the roots — fill and cover with a 
bucketful of garden earth. They are 
easy to get at, and in our cellar keep 
well until Spring, when we carry the 
barrels out and store them in the barn. 
Onions require a < ool and dry place. A 
shelf in the cellar answers very well. 
If the cellar Is too warm they will 
sprout." A keg or barrel will answer for the roots mentioned. In 
place of the earth or muck, any cover- 
ing, even a basketful of dry leaves, will 
do well fnough and serve the purpose 
of keeping the roots from wilting. 
That really is all that is required. For 
onions 1 |)refer a dry, frost-proof loft or 
garret; or if cold enough to freeze the 
onions, they should be covered with 
straw, hay. blankets, etc., and kept 
frozen until wanted. Cabbage, Dr. Groff 
says, should not be stored in the cellar. 
"It is very liable to decay and send 
foul odors all through the house. The 
roots are entirely safe, because they do 
not commonly rot. The most conven- 
ient method to store cabbage for use is 
to bury it in barrels. We dig a trench 
about a foot deep, lay the barrel in it 
with open <>nd a little elevated, fill with 
cabbage nicely trimmed, throw a little 
earth over the barrel and close the open 
end with a board, a sheaf of fodder or 
any other convenient material. In this 
way a head can be got in a moment. 
Long keeping nppleg may be stored in 
the same manner as cabbage, and the 
advantage over burying this fruit In the 
ground is that when in barrels the 
earthy taste is not given to the fruit. 
To the methods here given it Is objected 
that vegetables will decay in the cellar, 
and so beiome dangerous to the health 
of the family. It is true that no decay- 
ing vegetable matter should be in the 
cellar any more than in the kitchen, but 
the danger only exists In the case of j 
cabbage, rarely with the potato, and late 
in the Spring cabbage should not be | 
stored at all in the cellar. If the pota- 1 
toes rot they should be removed at once, 
and the cellar should be cleared of all ; 
vegetables as soon as the weather be- 1 
comes at all warm in the Spring. If! 
these preiautlons are observed the fam- 
ily will not suffer in any way. But in , 
every community there are careless peo- 1 
pie, and we have seen decaying cabbage , 
leaves In ( ellars In June, left there from , 
the preceding Winter. Eternal vigilance i 
Is the price of exemption from disease. 

tor sorts, will mature there. If planted 
early enough. Why not try? The 
Early Wlnningstadt, however. Is a very 
good and very reliable mid-season cab- 
; bage, and will surely mature If planted 
In Spring. Prizetaker Is my favorite 
j enlon for growing from hotbed grown 
seedlings and for Winter keeping. It 
! Is later than many other sorts, however, 
and for a short season, others, like Yel- 
low Danvers or Southport Yellow Globe 
may be selected. All can be started 
from seed under glass and transplanted. 
This method will be worth the trial with 
you anyway. When the onions ap- 
proach the stage of maturity, the tops 
will begin to fall over and to dry away. 
I do not practice the plan often recom- 
mended, of rolling them down or break- 
ing them over. Even large tops will 
dry away to some extent after the 
bulbs are pulled. 

Market for Pop Corn. — A Sul)""crlbor 
in Cross Keys, Va., says he in Lends to 
j raise some pop corn if he can find :i 
I market for it. Pop corn is not a dl/1- 
cult crop to raise, and as a market pro- ' 
duct, like other farm :u:.l garden pro- 
ducts, it has Its ups and downs In one 
year It may sell well in our cry mar- 
kets, or in local markets, especially 
before Christmas time, and prove very 
profitable, in another year it may be [ 
hard to sell and leave but little profit j 
to the grower. In our city markets, 
pop corn Is only wanted when a year 
old. There is not much call for the 
new crop, usually. 

Fish Ponds. — Wo hav»« another in- 1 
qulry about stocking a fish pond, what 
kind of fish to put in. how to feed them, 
etc. It is a big subject, too big for the 
garden department. Our friends must 
read some good book on the subject, like 
"Fish Hatching and Fish Catching" by 
Green and Roosevelt, etc. 

Manuring Rented Land. — 0. L. Olds, 
Wakeman, O. "I have rented a little 
place of 2 acres. It looks to me as 
though the fertility is about worked out 
of it. The soil responds to good treat- j 
ment, I Judge from the corn stubble 
where a load of manure was strewn, i 
Hut I can't get any stable manure. What i 
shall I do for fertility for the two years 
I am to occupy it? Soil slopes to south; 
half sandy and half clayey." If at all 
obtainable at rea.sonable cost, 1 would 
prefer the use of stable manure, even 
on rented land, especially when I have 
two years In which to reap the benefit 
from the a|)plication. I woul 1 make the 
manure application all the first year, 
and some i-hemical fertilizers the 
second year. If organic manures can- 
not be had, then, of course, we have no 
alternative, but must resort to the use 
of fertilizers, including ashes. Some- 
times we can get a supply of the latter, 
whether leached or unleached, clear 
wood or somewhat mixed with coal 
ashes. The latter alone are not of 
much account except to improve the me- 1 
chanical condition of the soil. If wood I 
ashes can be had cheaply enough, a ' 
liberal application will. In most cases, 
give telling results, but I would, to be 
on the safe side, also apply superphos- 
phate, as dissolved phosphate ro<k. or 

possibly bone meal, If cheap enough. 
For orulnary farm operations, a few 
hundred pounds of the superphosphate 
or bone meal would be sufficient; for 
garden crops I would want heavier 
doses, say several , tons of unleached 
I wood ashes, and up to 5 or 6 tons of 
' leached ashes with 000 pounds super- 
phosphate per acre, and possibly a few 
hundred pounds of nitrate of soda. For 
\ garden crops under your conditions, I 
I would also make some effort to get a 
supply of poultry manure for a top 
dressing. All depends on what chances 
you have for obtaining all the various 
plant food materials. 


Tlilx department la under the edltdrlal chkrge of 
JoHpph Meelmn, B» PleaiMint Ht., Oerinantown, Pa. 
All IHtefN, InqulrleH uud requestH ahould be addreiwed 
to tiliii uH above. 

Clematis Fanicalata. 

About many of the older residences is 
to be found a plant of the old sweet- 
scented clematis, known as Clematis 
ttammula. It is a highly prized sort, be- 
cause of its feathery white flowers, 
which are delightfully fragrant. It is 
not a strong grower, and in the North it 
dies back considerably every Winter, 
nore when it is young than it does when 
It is older. Within recent years a 
Japanese species, Panlculata, has taken 
Its place, and not undeservedly. Com- 
bining the same feathery white, sweet- 
scented flowers with vivid green leaves, 
it outstrips the old sort in growth and 
permanency of its shoots. It is an im- 
provement on the other In every way 
save one, and this may be but ray own 
judgment, which is, that it is not the 
equal of the other In fragrance. While 
undoubtedly sweet-scented, it does not 
seem of equal strength of fragrance to 
the other. But it is the one to plant, if 
you have a choice. Besides the two 
mentioned, there are two others having 
the clusters of feathery white flowers, 
viz.. the English one, Vitalba, and our 
native species, Vlrglnlana. Both are 
strong growers, but neither of them 
sweet scented. The Panlculata is the 
best of nil the varieties. 

Horticultural Queries. 

VnoclniiliiiNr Tr«»««H. .\ man »mn ap- 

pcnn-d hen- •viircliintlnK* trccM UKaliist In- | 
HcrtH. IxjiiAh. black kiiiit. «■(<•. lit- iiiitH fills 
iirt'pr.rutloii under the bnik and siivk tin- Hap 
In tlu' .SjirlnK wHI curry il »vcr tin' tie»'H. 
Ill' iliaiKi'jt ."i cents per free, fan vmi give 
KiiV Inforniatldii re|{ardInK It V 

Yuniiinilli, Mr. J. I» Ci.kkvks. 

No, I cannot give you any information 
regarding this. As it strikes me, I 
would let no one tamper with my trees. | 
The Inserting of a something under the ^ 
bark will cause a scar to form there. ; 
Just what the sap would do with any 
foreign substance It Is hard to say. As 


fn-e CHtMloKne unit Hprnylnif fiirmiilHil. 
' "P"}' I'uBiii »if«. 111., ;.". I.«rn<-I 8l , nmroll MIrh. 

to ev»Tjr 

s«'iid for 

Thr llaritli- 

Current Comments. 

Vinegar. — Earliest Strawberries. — 
Early Corn. — J. L. Reldert. of Northern 
Michigan, asks some questions on these 
points. If the barrel of cider bought 
of a storekeeper was genuine elder vin- 
egar, you can easily keep a good supply 
of good vinegar right along by adding 
from time to time cider, new or old, or 
rain water sweetened with molasses, 
sugar or honey. The mudlagenous mat- 
ter that came to the top is what Is 
known as mother of vinegar. I usually 
clear It out o<-caslonally, or leave It out 
when rearranging my supply of vinegar 
In the barrels. For a first early straw- ' 
berry I know nothing better than 
Michel's Early. Thlfe is a tremendous 
plant maker, extremely early, although 
not particularly prolific, nor of highest 
quality. But it gives ripe berries long 
before other varieties do, and therefore 
at a time when they are much appre- 
ciated. Splendid is not bad for an early 
one, and might be tried. For the ear- 
liest sweet corn we yet plant strains of 
the Cory, and for the earliest field corn, 
the common yellow or red flint grown 
here is as good as anything. 

Cabbage and Onions for a Short 
Season.— A. R. Turner, of Dale. Oregon, 
where whe Summers are very short. In- 
quires about cabbaRes and onions. I 
should think that almost any of our cab- 
bage varieties, even the ordinary Win- 

It is abeolnte folly to buffer lo-^s by Lump 
Jaw amontr ymir cnttlo. Flemluc's 
Lump Jaw Cure was proved a certain 
cnro years b»{u. Hardly a utockmnn In 
the country now but wlio knnwM that tliii 
remedy ia an easy, cheap and thuroutfb 


In 45 Minutes. 

Worst powible Spavin, Hin»fbone, Splint, 
Curb, eto., cured in 45-minute truHtmnut. 
Dou't quest ion thig, becHuso there's no 
cost if Flemlsig^a fluavlu <'nrv> fall*. 
Can't bnrm, not painful, doesn't leAve a 
•car. EaHily applied. Yoa ahoald have 
tbe fact* abonl tbia at onea. 


Ourod In 16 to 30 Days. 
PletnliiK^B Platola and Poll KtII 

furediKiH the Heeminifly iinpo««iblo be- 
cauxo It BtrikeB at the cautie. Bimpio, 
harmleflS.easy toapply and it cannot fail. 
Write today for cjrrulara on any or all 
tbi) atioTn remediea. State which circulars 
ara wanted. 

FLEniNO BROS.. Cbemlatt. 
■•9 Union Stock Yarda, Chicago, HI. 

Strawberry Planta. We have tliem true to name 
nil BrovMi on iipw uroiind, ('OMg<>quHnrlv ure healthy 
and Htron^, H^-nd for cir. Adilmi Frultnil ri*nt Kuraa. 
Jokn LichtiWvt, Prop Hkernaa llolchtm Tvnn. 

^OIAI DP*AQ Second prop 

\^\^WV rC.«0 m.lSH- TKIf.Mpn PdTA- 

Enormous Bearing 

^ M well *« Its lenlcr.ltilcy, line fla.ite.! 

fruit and h.irdy ctimactcr. linker the 

^ urL ImiH-rlal the fatnrlie Hintcr 

ft[il>lc. 1 x< frllctit kec(*er. sha|>e1y and 

fl line . i'lfiTc<l. SlioiiM he on every ll«t. 

' JoaathHM and M ntherrh.ihc varietlaa 

CM Al.ix.ll-; I KM-. 



And Otbar insacta lan In' Controlled by Ualns 

Cauttle Potash Whale-Oil Soap No. 3. 

It alio preveriU) Curl l>>iif. Ktidont*"*! by Kntonoolo- 

gtiitit. ThiR itoM|i Ih h Kerttllzfr aa wfll hn liiiwctlrldf . 

A(j-ll>. Kpk«, I'~A0: |i/1I'IIi. Kt-KM, |4 'Kl; Mulf Barrvl, 

.70 llw, i^r. |>er Ih.: Burrfl, 4Z5 Ilia., S'«i-. LarKi* 

quantltlea, Speolal Rates. Hend for <'lr«iilani. 


«8«-4I V. Front ^X.. Philadelphia. Pa. 


Wm^ Standard and improved v«rieticik .T Kaaphrriieb, 
BUckberrlM. </oo»^herri€-,. Currant*, (»mi*<». Strawl.errlM, 

•«* Kvaif |tl*iil r?««a »'»■! r"»'»'»t«*4 hy ii,« hhljj .ttijy (^|f«n. f l|run>u». 
««11 r\Mt«^, frtsh due plaati vLM flf« rMult«. writ* fut uit eftt*iog. 

Allan L. Wood. Wholetala Qrowar, Rochtttar N.Y. 


^^0 Pump, that 
> ■ ud ciMa lli< 

\ P ftrtlMr* auto- 

m»( l^stlr a r • 

• ^teal; klad *(«k 

hlla i4iwrt el.« aixl 

Iflp lU (t-it, Tl'f. >.MI-lltl: »I>n. UB 

:HARP MON \I1( II aa4 OARrtlLD ara Ik, 

ftair klD'i, vitL atit"'Dallc ■fttaa.rtaaA t»r«tbM 

for ht«ptD| iiralMrr ilMa- Valvaklabaak aa 


laf Itral 

, hcBulaa, ata maUti fraa. 



In a Restaurant. 

A physician puts the query: "Have 
you never noticed in any large restau- 
rant at lunch or dinner time tlie large 
number of hearty, vigorous old men at 
the tables; men whose ages run from tiO 
to 80 years; many of them bald and all 
perhaps gray, but none of them feeble 
or senile?" 

Perhaps the spectacle is £0 common 
as to have escaped your observation or 
comment, but nevertheless it is an ob- 
ject lesson which means something. 

If you will notice what these hearty 
old fellows are eating you will observe 
that they are not munching bran crack- 
ers nor gingerly picking their way 
through a menu card of now fangled 
health foods; on the contrary they seem 
to prefer a juicy roast of beef, a properly 
turned loin of mutton, and even the 
deadly broiled lobster is not altogether 

The point of all this is that a vigorous 
old age depends upon good digestion and 
plenty of wholesome food and not upon 
dieting and an endeavor to live upon 
bran crackers. 

There is a certain class of food cranks 
who seem to .believe that meat, coffee 
and many other good things are rank 
poisons, but these cadaverous, sickly 
looking individuals are a walking con- 
demnation of their own thc^yries. 

The matter in a nutshell is that if 
the stomach secretes the natural diges- 
tive Juices in sufficient quantity any 
wholesome food will ])e promptly di- 
gested; if the stomach does not do so, 
and certain foods cause distress one or 
two of Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets after 
each meal will remove all difficulty be- 
cause they supply Just what every weak 
stomach lacks, pepsin, hydrochloric 
acid, diastase and nux. 

Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets do not act 
upon the bowels and, in fact, are not 
strictly a medicine as they act almost 
entirely upon the food eaten, digesting 
it thoroughly and thus gives a much 
needed rest and giving an appetite for 
the next meal. 

Of people who travel nine out of ten 
use Stuart's Dypepsia Tablets, knowing 
them to be perfectly safe to use at any 
time, and also having found out by ex- 
perience that they are a safeguard 
against indigestion In any form, and 
eating as they have to, at all hours and 
all kinds of food, the traveling public 
for years have pinned their faith to 
Stuart's Tablets. 

All druggists sell them at T>0 cents for 
full-sized packages and any druggist 
from Maine to California, if his opinion 
were asked, will say that Stuart's Dys- 
pepsia Tablets Is the most popular and 
successful remedy for any stomach 

'REE BUYINa CLUBS, r^Ssr" -'• 

TKkE PU I ma VLUB9i tnishu and ff«t 
rx^ priaa dlaaoaau byjoliiliw OrMi rarlaiy, ataoaard, ibrlfty aimk, 
fVullaad broamaatai. Htata Ib«t>.«i*1 aoJltaaaa. I'atai'jfua fraa. 

lEO. A. SWEET lURSERT CO . loi 161 1 , Diaitilili, !» Torl. 


^JMinr Fruit Book free. W 

nil# Want MORE SAirsM 
W STABK BROI. Uulsi«na.Mo. 

TRBES ^"^ ^y Taal-rs Yaan 

• Baaaaaap Laboest Nuraery. 

ifN rAl Weekly 

Great Crops of 


And How to Grow Them 

The bMt book on itraavtierry uniwlng ever written. 
It titllHhow er>(row(hH blKKCatcropa of blglierrleHever 
pri>din-ei1. The IxMk Is a treatlne on Plaat 
l^h ywloloary and eiplaltiR how lo make plants t>aar 
BIk Berrlea •nit I.ota of Th»iii. The only 
tiinriiiiulitirfd Mirnilthuily Kri>»n HtrM«vb«rry 
Plnnta to \t*- Imd for aprlnK planting. Otieuftheni 
Ih worth a <li>;'eii commun «<;rilb |>)aiilH. They Krow 
BlK Bed Hcrrlca. The bcKik U aent free to al( 
readerH of the Prat-tlcal Kariuer. Hend your address to 

R. MJUHon.ThrM RInrt, Ml«hi(an 

Qei the Best 

A OOMf Spi-ay Pump earns big 
profll* and laats for years. 


la a good pump. As prao- 

tlcal fi-ull growers we 

were uiIiik tlie com 

inon sprayers In our 

own orchards — fotind 

s their defect* and then Invented 

i The Kcllps«> It» nuccess 

! prartteally forcailualntoinaD' 

nfactiirlng on a large sc-ala. 

Yuu take no c'hano«a. We have 

dons all tba expertmenttng. 

Large futlt) Uluttrat»d 
CnlfitrtQur and TrtatlM 
on apraying—FRKt. 

MORBILL A MORLEY, Beafw HarkoF. If lek. 




January 10, 1903. 

V \ 

The: Practical KARisdKR 




it is, a tree has the power .of selecting 
what particular food it requires from 
the soil, and if possible to introduce a 
foreign substance to it in the way of 
"vaccination." the results would be in 
doubt. Considering the enormous 

amount of water a tree will lift from the 
soil in a day, what would be Introduced 
through the bark would hardly have an 
effect either way. The application of 
Bordeaux mixture to the root of trees 
is not altogether unknown now, but it 
is to kill outside fungi, and not used 
with an idea that the roots will take it 
up with its crude sap. 

Paiiitiiiff Kriilt Trees — Wlint kiiul of 
paint Is best to paint Irnit trees with to keep 
rahhits from KnawluK th'' trees, ho as not to 
injure thcmV .M.vitv A. .M.\.\\s i;i.i,. 

Moiil .Stnof, l/o. 

The very best thing, and the cheapest 
in the end to keep rabbits and mice 
from gnawing trees, is to buy wire cloth, 
such as screen doors are made of, 2 feet 
6 inches wide. Cut it into strips wide 
enough to encircle the tree and to allow 
for expansion of the tree for some 
years. Roll these strips around a round 
stick to get them tube shaped, then 
slip them around the trees, an inth or 
two below ground if the ground Is not 
frozen. These strips can l)e taken off In 
Summer, and with care will last for 
years. They are easily put on and 
taken off, and in the end will cost less 
and be more satisfactory than grease. 
Each strip need cost but 2 or 3 cents; 
and you would be better pleased by 
udng this than by any other plan. 

Horticultural Notes. 

Plowerliijc ShrubM. — Floworlnj? al- 
montls. pta-ht's and pliirnM niP nil doiihle 
llowerert. and they are umonK the moHt wel- 
conie flowers of .Spring. .None of these are 
mipposed to bear fnilt, Ibough the peath 
sometlmpH does. 

ViolffM. — The coniinon sweet seented vio- 
let Is from Southern Kiirope. and Is known 
as viola odornia. It Is singular that all but 
one of <inr nnilve sorts are scentless. This 
one has small, while flowers, and In botanical 
works is called viola bianda. 


This department ia under the e<lltorlal charge of 
A. t Hunter. All letters. Inquiries and reqiiesta 
•hould be addreswd to him at the Practical Farmer 
Office, P. O. Box 1»»7, Philadelphia. 

Poultry Queries. 

Brooder House Questions. — J. W. 
Norwood. Martel, Tenn, writes: "I have 
a 360-egg Cyphers incubator, and a 4-sec- 
tion Cyphers brooder, heated with hot 
water pipes. Out of the 3G0 eggs I tested 
out 60 on the 10th day. Of the remaining 
300 I will probably hatch 250. Mv 
brooder, conisting of 4 sections 3 feet 
wide each, will keep these for 3 or 4 
weeks, and after that time the chicks 
v.ill have to be moved to make room for 
the next hatch. This moving will take 
place about January Int. My second 
brooder house, into which they are to 
be moved, is 48 feet long and 12 feet 
wide. The walls are two thicknesses of 
inch boards, with tarred paper between. 
The house faces the south and is on the 
south side of a hill. It has glass win- 
dows in the south side. The roof slopes 
both ways, and is guttered on south 
side. It has a loft overhead and the 
loft has 6 inches of sawdust on floor. 
I have no heating arrangements for it 
and no dlvlhlons in it. Nothing in It, 
in fact— just the shell of the house- 
earth floor, perfectly dry. • What I want 
you to tell me is how to equip this sec- 
ond brooder house to receive the little 
chicks at 3 or 4 weeks of age, ai)out the 
1st of January. I can't buy hot water 
fixtures, and don't know that they are 
necessary. Martel Is 20 miles west of 
Knoxvillo. on the Southern Railroad, 
and our Wlntero are mild; but I have 
seen the .snow knee deep and the mer- 
cury 20 degrees below zero on the 1st 
of January; and a blizzard from the 
north or northwest usually brings us 
one 'speir of zero weather each Winter." 
You havnt time now to equip the second 
broodpr bourse wih hot-water heater 
and pipes, and, indeed. In your climate 
you can do very well without it. If you 
will put two stoves in the brooder house, 
say 8 or 10 feet in from each end, you 
can keep It warm enough for most weath- 
er very easily, and If a zero spell comes 
you can "tend the fires" one or two 
nights without great hardship. If you 
had to do It for several weeks it would 
be tough; but chicks four weeks old 
need only about 75 degrees of heat, and 
you can easily manage that with two 
stoves. The stove pipes can be run out 

through pipe holes In a galvanized iron 
pane to hi your sash; if you run them 
up 6 or 8 feet support them by wire 
stays. You will need to surround the 
stoves with a wire netting ".shirt" to 
keep the chicks away from them, and 
had better divide the house into about 
six pens with simple partitions; the 
chick.s will grow better in small flocks 
than if all running together. 

I doubt If you will get 250 chicks 
from the 300 eggs left in the machine, 
unless you are a better tester than most 
beginners. Winter eggs almost invar- 
iably are weak and hatch poorly, but if 
you had but (.0 absolutely clear and 
dead germs on the 10th day you should 
get, "by rights," about 240 chicks, as 
the conditions with you there in Tenn- 
essee are more favorable than with us 
further north, and as your hatch is of 
November eggs you may do better than 
I expect. With your favorable condi- 
tions there in the Central South it is a 
surprise to me that you people don't 
make a point of good, hatchable eggs 
for incubators in the Fall and early 
Winter. Northern poult rymen would 
gladly buy thousands of such eggs — if 
they only knew where to get them. Get 
the eggs and advertise that you've got 
them, and you can get the trade. 

Wants Winter Layers. — J. P. Reid, 
Bluff, Wash., writes: " I want to have 
pullets start laying in October and keep 
on laying during Winter. Can I have 
them, if so how? I want pullets to 
.start laying in the Fall and then I want 
to sell them the following May. I am 
told Leghorns start early to lay, but 
butchers do not care to buy them, they 
are so small. I have White Wyan- 
dottes, but they are only commencing 
to lay nt 9 months old; they have had 
the best of care but are only now coming 
to maturity. I read if I "hatch earlier 
than February-March, the pullets will 
moult like old hens. Would a cross by 
Leghorns on Wyandottes give early lay- 
ers that could be marketed tht> next 
Spring? Is there any breed that will 
fill this bill?" Leghorns should be fully 
mature and laying at five months old, 
and White Wyandottes should be fully 
mature and laying at six months old. 
If your Wyandotte pullets were just be- 
ginning to lay at nine months old the 
fault Is yours— you didn't "feed for ! 
growth." You are right about pullets 
hatched too early commencing to lay 
early and then moulting; but if you 
will hatch Wyandottes the first half of' 
April and keep them growing they will 
begin laying In October and lay right 
along. A cross of Leghorn-Wyandotte 
will mature earlier than straight Wyan- 
dottes. but will be poor sellers when 
you try to market them in the Spring; 
you'll do better in the long run if you 
stick to White Wyandottes. Breed from 
early and prolific layers and feed the 
chickens for growth. 

Free to 

A Priceless Book Sent 
Free for the Asking. 

Piles Cured Without Cutting, Danger 
or Detention From Work, by a 
Simple Home Remedy. 
Pyramid Pile Cure gives instant relief 
and never falls to cure every form of 
this most troublesome disease. For sale 
by all druggists at 50c. a package. 
Thousands have been quickly cured. Ask 
your druggist for a package of Pyramid 
Pile Cure, or write for our little book 
which tells all about the cause and cure 
of piles. Write your name and address 
plainly on a postal card, mail to the 
Pyramid Drug Co., Marshall, Mich., and 
you will receive the book by return 


Bend for sample und bcM)k,fn'e. 
U. W. KOMAINE , IS4 Warren (»l.. .New Tork. 


Get a Munn's JIo<1pI Uone ('utter 
F. -W. MANN CO., Bo » 14, Mlirord, Uaaa. 

S6,000 c:?^V?^^c FREE! 

Hmdo ,1t.J. lowct pti.-..or t,.«l.»n,l r^Mi ; *0 biiSi 
Tttrktyi, Otcm, l>uck««n<IChlcUfnn. Th« book Ulli all. 
OtMjly niu»tr.t«l. 15 hMt h»n houMplM,., how tobmA. 
Mb •S" ?"•*"• *y- t"''* "^ f°' «»•«««. »r,d mailing 

C«.,Bm l.DeUvu. WiT 



BARRED ROCKS ?.'""""vHy. Yonmr hTocIc. 
Wftllllhlf nUVI%a Irom prize winners. Rwluc- 
llMii Kir tiirly ur.l.'is. SntlMlm-tlon iticiiiuiteeil Write 
tor price s. J. W.l-OX. Netv WllmlnKton. Pa. 

PQJJL^PY of all kiiiilH. CutuloKUP free. 

QIIDDI IC-C "■•*"^'*«»> * >*TOKt>* 

OWPT'IbI to 211 nurkrl Nl., I'hiU.ltlpkls, I'*. 

Death to Lice ^i 

tiM ntiil I'hickens. 

I' R'Hik Free. 

. I.AmiRRT. 

Box :<l'.'.Aiip<)iiiiUL;.H.I. 


♦•t. tjuna f.. Uitil liuiu (Mil llw. -UK Miraiii. . atrong, 
hen thy. viKoroua, nicely barre.l. larni rulseil stock. 
PiilletalS. a. W. PAtlKS.AUooiia.Pa. 
Sneceasor «o U. r. Cox. 

I — L L ■ II I I I .. ^ ""7 »hll» A 

.qu.ll,«lt,, O»rl-.o,.».iou„ |„U|.,H.,„,|,|, 
Ir^yt > bin. Our I'M.iiK proUcUd wmlnM InfrlntrBrnli. ArnU 
WKOUJ vnrjmhi^re. ettb«r Ml, nurii^rlrncr n.-.-Mnarr Oat&Kvus 
Uiiu^^.i .i„,u. .od lift, 1.1,, KormuU FREE 'f ''"i "tit. lodw. 
■AlllUL una IMIXIUIUU to , 114" tSiuabu.^ ttJb^uk^ 


More made-isora so id- 
more prizes won than 

ALL OTHERS combined, 

send for catalogue-Just out-fin- \ 
est ever iasued.Moniion this paper X 


Brandywine, Clyrie. Senator Dunlap. Excelsior, Rio. 
Bubach. Parson o Beauty. Plants best and cbMpesC 
Write for prices to-day. Can save jrou lu.pney. 

WJ9.PURDEK A SONS, Paraonsburg, M«. 



Ilmch 1-...TV fiTtilc vff. Sliiipli'it, 
nio»> (lurul)l.', I'liuBpint tlr.tfl«.n 
h.itclHT. M..i»'y back If iioi ponU 

liMlv a^rt-pri'sciiteil. HV;i >y/r«iyAt. 

Circular frve; Chtalnruc Ho. 





h(i _ 

eiTKa; contains ci)lon>(f plat.' of'fowls la 

Ibolpnalur.lcoloM. 8«nd Hkj for mailln;! aad p'XUne 



C'oinmlBMlon MerchuntM, 

No. i-li Washington Street, Nbw York. 


Gnnie, | Poultry, | Mnshrooms, 




Hut }foii>te LaniliM, 


l.ivi- yuail. 

Squabs Pay!?:;;.* 

Risifr. iiei-il iilli>ntl'>n only |iitii nf 
tln;i', hrUii Mii piin.-. luiw.l in one 
mniiih. Moiii-y nnikeiN for poullry- 
nif-n. frtrnierw, women. Semi for 
KRKK BOOKI.RT and learn this 
immrii.^rlj/ rirh hnmr Imttiflri/ 

Plymouth Rock !^<iuub Co. 
17 Frlead Street, Boaton, Muaa. 

I <;reen bono will certainly mako hens lay. 
I liuvo i.d it for a long tlnn- ami noted its 
••(To(i. I hnve sometimes hccn obJiRed to 
disiontinin- Its use and have alwnv.s obHerved 
n falliiif off In the niiml)er of" epRs laid. 

I •ircfii liuiio nt a cent a pound is cheaper than 
Kiiiln and far nxiiv satisfying. Forms or 
preparations of animal food for hens nut In 
a <ondltlon for Iceepinfc any length of time 
may roninln all the elements necessary In 
a hen food, but they are not so easy to 

I dlirest as the fr.-sh article. Preserved ^)ods 

inif never s«» healthy as the fresh — K h 
.Mitchell, lintervale, Maine, iu New Kng- 
laiid Farmer. 

To "break up" a cold, take 
Jay lie's K.xpectorant. 

Every Poultrykeeper 

Hhonld liiive a siifiply of (.'KI'Sli Kl m lYSTF.R 
.siiKI,r,.s; iijso (IT ( I.OVKU or (LtJVEH 
M KA I .. .SjieclHl prti-cs, nooi] r,,r m days . 

oyster .Shells, best oiialHy, :((l<-. |>er Kill iba. 

Clover Meal or Cut Clover, <{.Hi} per 100 Iba. 
Send ll.-it of wants before yon order. 


9 I 0*80 For 
I <C 200 Egg 

Perfect In c-nn.trui'tioii and 
setloD. Ila^'tle•(•vl'^v frrtila 
•eg. Write for oatalox to-dsj. 

OEO. H. STAHL. Quincy, III. 



It is to give uniformly bierer 
per cents in batches than any 
other incubator, or your money 
back. Self-regulatinif. self-ven- 
tuating. supplies moisture auto- 
matically. The machine that 
makes its own way into .ill parts 
of the world. Our brand new 

r»„k- ■ u '""'"'y '»»<»'' "fl* panes shows 
l-yphera Incubator and Brooder scenes in this 

m,i» L r'**K"*"' l'":"'^'" •"'1 tcfentlfic it^nHiHlnH s|. 
a, «,.,?rh^. ''''"! "/ »>»« P"-'ltry hu«lne« It I, without 
ever (muciI. II i^ free, t.iit we ,«k ymi m send ui th« do.» 
tgt. 10c Write to.d.iy for Ho„k <i...»S nrcuui K2. 

».«..., J^*!!!?"^ INCUBATOR company" ^ 
Bslhls. >t.T. f hlexro. III. Bo.t«n. Mm*. N«wi.rk,lf.T. 







[Allaboiit th.m in our l:><'. p..-. .-fculkifu*. M«Il»d 

... '''••■ VeaMoliira liK-ubiitor Co., 

OopL 00,. t>««ttalB«*, Icwa, er Urpi. eu, BulUa, K. I. 

Don*< Pay Double. 

We'll sell you a better hatcher 

for the money than any otlier 

Iniulutnr roncrrn on earth. Newini. 

^. can't get out 

llhitlraUaBt fr«. 

Clay CwUr, Neb. ar Colnabai, Ohio. 

■~— --d'el for the money thar 

•< T| Iniututnr coincrnon ea 

SO II y proved re^, th»t 

' Uar* tj ^ •f»'l". Bi, i>..ok-inoi|hi 

TH.I. I> Clay CwUr, Neb. ar Col 



because it Is made for the whole people. It 
Istheuiunt of the i>oultry press. No Issue 
for I1KI3 will bo less than IW.OtK)— two and 
one-half times as many as Its nearest compe- 
titor anil more than any throe other jioultry 
papers In the country. That's why It Is dlf- 
fcrent. Twice a month— twenty-l'our times 
a year for only .V) cents. Send for .sample 
copy and see now Rood It Is. Good iiav and 
valuable prizes -also cash-plveM to agents. 

I Omgii. 0-2e OMcmoo, 



when the hena lay. K»ep them 
laylnir. For batrhlOK and hrooU- 
Init UH« the best reaaunable priced 
Iix'uliatora and Brooders — built 
upon honor, aold upon iruarantce, 


fj. A. Banta. Llconler, Indiana 

f Of ' ! 


Countlne Chleks Btfore Hateblng 

is not safe unless you 
bave an 



H. C. nauermtnater, Norwood, Minn, (rnt<«3<-hlrki 
from ,.o:t fituB. Hn foil.. w€>(l dire. tie. im. tlit- ma- 
chine (lid th«- work, be<auBe It wa.H built on rlifht 
prlnrlploa and by ro.mI workmen. The IOWA 
haa ni«r-board raw does not shrink, swell, warp 
orcrai-k. Reirulatlon and T«ntllalton perf»«rt. 
^H/"^ ''**°'' 'if*'"'" "'"re testlriionlHls and full 
particular*. Everything about Imuhatl.m free. 



and several smaller ones 

I received the past season 
for Strawberries (not 

Flants). Tliat was because 
have onlv the best. It 
pays to get the best. I 
sell none but the beat. I can't afford to 

ave any other. The cost of plants iscomparatively a small 
Item and the beat is none too good. I will send my beauti- 
rjiMv illiistr.itrd r.italogue with lithographed covers of 
High Grade Strawberry Planla by retnrn mail for two 2c 
Stamps. If interested send to-day. This will not appear 
•Koin. Address, 

W. F. ALLEN. Salisbury. Md. 











The Practical Farmer 

January 10, 1903. 



TIl^ Pri^rttrjul F^ftY1<»r *''" "°''^*^«''" Pa''^ «' tl^^s region the 
J. Al^ X lav^UV^dl 1 d,riHCr«n,.,.mi„ja is out of place and can only 

j be a nuisance. Those who want to see 
j Bermuda at Its best should see It in 
'central Georgia, where It fairly takes 
i the place that blue grass has in Ken- 
tucky. This confusion in common 
names should be corrected and the 
name wire grass be left to the Aristida 
ot the piney woods, which differs from 
other grasses in its dry nature, as it 
will burn like tinder in the height of 
its Summer growth. 

Published Weekly by The Farmer Co. 

p. O. Box 1317 

S. E. Corner Market and 18th StrecU 
Philadelphu, Pa. 

Entered nt the Plill»delphla post otBce aa st-cond-cUuM 

F»Or. W. r. MAHMBV, Kdltor. 

Philadelphia, January 10, 1903 

Wk are informed by the business man- 
agement that some 3,000 names of those 
whose subscriptions expired in De- 
comber and who failed to renew 
promptly, were cut off from the 
liubscrlption list. Doubtless the large 
majority of these will be back on 
the list in the next few weeks. A 
prompt renewal would have saved them 
the loss of several copies of the P. F., 
and kept the paper regularly before 
them. We are Informed that several 
thousand subscriptions expire this 
month, and we advise our friends to 
<onsull the address labels on their cop- 
ies of the paper, and by a prompt re- 
newal, two or three weeks before the 
date of the ex|)lration. ensure the regu- 
lar receipt by them, without a break, of 
the P. F. Attend to this matter at once. 



Poison in Young Sorghum Shoot«. 

The sudden deaths at times of cattle 
turned on second crop sorghum shoots 
have long been a mystery, and we, in 
common with some others, had formed 
the opinion that the deaths were due to 
suffocation by the thin leaves getting 
plastered to the throat of the animal. 
But now In the report of the proceed- 
ings of the Royal Society of England, 
W. R. Dunstan and T. A. Henry claim 
- to have investigated the nature of the 
poison In the young sorghum plants. 
They show that the young plants when 
crushed with water produce prussic 
acid. This, as Is well known, is one of 
the most rapid and deadly of poisons. 
The Investigators show, however, that 
the poison only exists in the young 
shoots and is not found in the seed or 
the older plants. Even in the young 
shoots the poison does not exist as a 
free acid but is produced by what is 
called a hydrolytic enzyme. This is an 
important muttc-r to stockmen, for many 
deaths of animals have occurred by 
turning them, when hungry, on a field 
of young sorghum. As the plant gets 
older the damage seems to disappear. 

The Confasion of Common Names. 

In some sections of the South the 
Bermuda is called the "wire grass." In 
the sandy, piney woods sections the 
name wire grass is applied to a tall 
grass that grows all through the open 
pine This is ArlRtlda stricta, 
and is no relation of the Bermuda. On 
the Maryland and Delaware Peninsula 
the "wire grass" is considered a great 
nuisance. In the Southern part of this 
region this wire grass is the true Ber- 
muda out of its proper latitude, but in 
the northern part of the Peninsula the 
Bermuda and the Northern quack or 
twitch grass comes in and is associated 
with the Bermuda, and the farmers fall 
to distinguish between them and curse 
them both as "wire grass." They have 
a similar habit of spreading by running 
Bt^ms, but the Bermuda is finer in all 
its parts, for the coarse quack will run 
straight through a potato, while the 
Bermuda will not. The quack has a 
flower head somewhat similar to that of 
rye grass, while th© head of f.e Ber- 
muda Is like the delicate spokes of a 
little wheel and is more like the head 
of the crab grass, but finer. But in all 

Manure in Winter. 

Do you think that it improves the 
manure to keep it in the barnyard all 
Winter? Will It not lose as much or 
more there than in the field? In fact, we 
know that it will lose more, and that 
what gets away from you there is gone, 
while what washes out on the field is 
there to feed the crops next Summer. 
Did you ever fully realize the great 
power that a clay loam has for holding 
on to plant food till some plant comes 
for It. Even on a steep hillside there 
is far less loss than some imagine. We 
once began to spread manure on a 
steep hill, beginning at the top. When 
we had gotten two-thirds of the way 
down we stopped spreading with the idea 
that enough would wash down the hill 
during the Winter to make the lower 
part equal to the upper. In the next 
season's cropping we could not see that 
the manure had any effect 2 feet below 
where we stopped. The soil had sim- 
ply gotten it and held It. Whenever 
the ground is frozen enough to bear a 
team it is best to get the manure out 
and spread it where the corn is to grow 
next Summer. It is losing every day 
at the barn, no matter If you have it 
under cover. In fact, it needs closer 
attention under cover than outd'jors to 
prevent loss of nitrogen. Then in the 
South there is hardly a day except when 
the soil is too wet, that the manure can- 
not be hauled out and spread. If you will 
watch the chance you can find plenty of 
opportunity to get the manure on the 
corn land during the Winter. This getting 
out of the manure in Winter on the sod 
to go in corn is one of the chief reasons 
for not breaking the sod in the Fall, 
unless put in order and sown early to 
rye. on which the manure may be spread 
when the land is hard frozen, and a big 
start made towards getting a corn crop 
of increased bulk next Summer. Of 
I course, we can fully sympathize with 
j those who live where Winter is so long 
and Spring is so short that it is neces- 
sary to get all done in the Fall that is 
practicable. But the manure even on 
the top of land Fall plowed for corn 
will not be in a bad place even in a 
cold (llmate. Years ago the New 
Hampshire Exporimont Station proved 
that manure sproad in the Fall and left 
lie till Spring mado more corn than 
manure tspread at same time and plowed 
under at once, or manure spread In the 
Spring and plowed under when the Fall 
spread manure was plowed down. Mak- 
ing all allowances needed for climate 
and crops it will be found that there is 
far less loss of manure spread on the 
land than there is in the barnyard. 

Buying Fertilizers. 

A correspondent In the Query depart- 
ment recently askod some questions in 
regard to commercial fertllizprs which 
show that there is a very general mis- 
apprehension among farmers In regard 
to these things. Our friend wanted to 
know which was the most exhaustive to 
the vegetable matter In the soil, acid 
phosphate from dissolved rock or acid 
phosphate from bone black. He further 
wanted to know whether carbonate of 

: lime makes the vegetable matter avail- 
able more quickly than add phosphate 
and whether the crops grown with com- 
( merclal fertilizers are as nutritious as 
those grown with barnyard manure. It 
is evident from other correspondence 
that this farmer, whose questions we 
answered briefiy in the queries, repre- 
sents the ideas of a large class of farm- 
era. He evidently regarded the acid 
phosphate as a sort of stimulant to in- 
crease the production of crops by ren- 
dering matters available that > are al- 
ready In the soil. Add phosphate, 
whether from rock or bone black Is 
simply one form of the essential plant 
food that crops must have in order to 
grow. No plant can grow at all If It is 
entirely absent from the soil. Hence, 
the use of acid phosphate Is simply to 
supply any deficiency there may be in 
the soil of available phosphorus, which 
plants must have in abundance to make 
the best crops. To ask which is the 
most exhaustive, bone black phosphate 
or rock phosphate Is equal to asking 
whether bread in rolls or bread In light- 
bread loaf will starve a man quickest. 
Then he wanted to know which would 
make the vegetable matter in the soil 
available quicker, lime or acid phos- 
phate. Lime, not being to the same ex- 
tent, plant food, or rather not usually 
being needed as plant food to the same 
extent that phosphorus Is, has a use 
outside of this, and ig more properly 
a stimulant, since It tends to hasten the 
nitrification of the organic matter In 
the soil and to promote the activity of 
the micro-organisms that are engaged 
In preparing nitrates for plant food. 
It has also a mechanical effect of value 
on most soils. But the last query as to 
the nutrltiousness of plants grown by 
the use of commercial fertilizers shows 
still more plainly the misapprehension 
of these plant foodh. The only differ- 
ence between stable manure and com- 
mercial tertilizers is that the fertilizers 
present the same plant food that the 
manure does, but In a more concen- 
trated and more readily available form, 
and when properly made are a better 
balanced manure than stable manure, 
which usually has an excess of nitrogen 
In proportion to Its phosphoric add and 
potash. The only additional value the 
stable manure has which commercial 
fertilizer lacks is the organic matter 
tending to increase the humus In the 
soil, and hence to Increase Its capacity 
for retaining moisture. Hence, when 
plants are fed with the readily avail- 
able food In the commercial fertilizers 
they get the very same things they 
would get In stable manure and usually 
in a more available form. A well 
grown plant has the same nutritive 
value whether the food is supplied from 
one source or the other. In brief, com- 
mercial fertilizers are simply plant food 
and so is stable manure, and the plant 
food In each Is the same thing. The 
vegetable matter in the soil is not ex- 
hausted by acid phosphate, but by hard 
(Topping and a neglect of a good rota- 
tion to keep up the humus making mater- 
ial In the soil. You can usually buy the 
needed plant food more cheaply In com- 
mercial fertilizers than 'you can buy it 
in stable manure, and if they are used 
as they should be to Increase the 
growth of the legumes that feed the 
soil and the stock at the same time, 
they are fully as valuable as stable 
manure since the organic matter they 
produce in the legumes Is already 
spread In the soil without hauling, and 
land can be Improved much more cheap- 
ly through the use of fertilizers In the 
proper manner than by the purchase of 
stable manure. Still, this is no argu- 
ment against the making and using of 
all the home-made manure we can. 

The Cream of the Bulletins. 

Agricultural Experiment Station of the 
Agricultural College of I'olorado, Fort CollinB, 
Col. Bulletin No. 01. Uromus Inermus. By 
K L. WatrouB. II. H. GrltBn and J. K. I'ayne. 
The great numbers of Inquiries which come 
to our office In regard to the value of this 
grass Induces us at this late period to re- 
view this bulletin though published over a 
year ago. It spreads by creeping root- 
stocks or underground stems. It has 
been tested at a number of the Sta- 
tions from Canada and North Carolina 
to Mississippi and California, and It 
Is recommended for dry. sterile, light or 
sandy soils. It was u dead failure at the 
North Carolina Experiment Station. It was 
first grown In Colorado at the Arkas Vall<>y 
Hub-station in 18!»2. In 1804 the home Sta- 
tion at Fort Collins began Investlgatlon.s as 
to Us value and sowings have been made on 
a variety of soils, on heavy clay with scant 
irrigation, on the same soil with plentiful 
supply of water, on light soli above Irriga- 
tion and on heavy soil similar to gumbo, 
with and without watering, the grass succeed- 
<^, and a thick and heavy sod has been 
formed, producing an abundance of forage of 
rather coarse (luallty, but readily eaten by 
horses, sheep and cattle. It has not made 
hay enough to be thought valuable for that 
purpose, but sown with alfalfa It promises 
to be valuable for horses. It is thought 
equal to orchard grass and perhaps to timo- 
thy. It Is Inferior to Colorado blue stem or 
buffalo grass, but will make up In quantity 
what It lacks In quality as compared with 
these. It makes a very heavy sod which Is 
hard to break when once formed. The 
ground to a depth of 6 or S Inches Is com- 
pletely filled with a maws of matted fine roots, 
HO that the sod turns over In solid slices 
and remains of so tough a texture that an 
excessive amount of preparatory work must 
be done to get the land In order for any 
other crop. The use of the disk harrow will 
finally subdue the sod. A fair crop of flax 
was grown on such a sod. In Colorado Its 
value Is as a pasture grass, and It Is so far 
the only tame grass that can to any degree ' 
take the place of the original prairie sod 
end pasture of the plains now 
pearlng. Hard pasturing does not affect the 
sod. After being gnawed to the ground by 
sheep It shows growth In a w«ck after they 
are taken off, even In late Fall when the 
nights are frosty. It makes pasture In the 
Spring two to three weeks earlier than any 
other grass of that section, .Many com- 
plaints have been made of the worthiessnesa 
of the seed Imported from Europe. At the 
Kansas Station not over 10 per cent, grew, 
and the same Is said to be the case In Col- 
orado as It was In North Carolina. But It 
seems to come much thicker the Spring after 
sowing than Its appearam-e In the Fall would 
Indicate. This may be due to the seed lying 
dormant or to the extension of the root sys- 
tem between Fall and Spring. Hence, it m 
not well to be discouraged over a scemln;; 
lijrht stand the first season. For Spring 
mowing the advice is given to sow early. If 
without lirlgatlon. With irrigation It nuiy 
be sown at any time during the growing 
season. It needs a well pulverized med 
9uch as would be made for the beat success 
with wheat, and should he covered 1 or 2 
Inches deep. The seed are so light and chalT.v 
as to be difficult to sow with a drill, so It 
has been sown broad cast and harrowed In. 
The condition of the soli is of more Import- 
ance than the manner of sowing. The Sta- 
tion does not recommend the grass for indis- 
criminate sowing. For permanent pasture on 
dry lands It will do. Fifteen to twenty 
pounds of seed per acre are advised. When 
a good stand Is had seed may be saved plen- 
tifully. Various experimeuts at both the 
home and Substations show that the grass 
Is. in Colorado. i\ very valuable permanent 
pasture grass, and It may be so found on 
similar lands and under similar conditions 
elsewhere Whether It is adapted to the 
Southern States or not Is si III problematic. 
The chances are that for the same puriwse 
for which the brome grass Is useful the Ber- 
muda will be foiind better adapted to the 
condlMons In the cotton belt. But If It suc- 
ceeds in the South It may add a permanent 
pasture grass that will be useful during the 
i-ool season of the year, when the Bermuda Is 
dormant, since It Is a far hardier and earlier 
starting grasa If, as the Colorado bulletin 
shows. It grows there after the nights get 
frosty and starts three weeks earlier In 
Spring than other grasses. It would evidently 
in the cotton belt make a Winter pasture 
grass of value. If It is found to thrive there. 
At any rate. It would be wise to experiment 
with It for this ptirpose. keeping In mind that 
If U not a heavy hay making grass. The 
writer has seen In New Jersey a very fair 
growth of this grass that would probably 
make a ton per acre of hay right alongside 
of other grasses that would probably make 
twic* or is«r« that anouat. 




January 10, 1903. 

The Practical Karmer 


Our Business Corner 

S. E. Co7. il^rket & 18th Sts., PhUadcIphia. 

IIENUY IIAKIIIS. Busliiees MunugiT. 

Sp«ol»l Advertlninir R«pi'«iiciit«tlve 

U. E. Lelth, New York. 


B«gnUr KdverttaemcntB (agate measurement), 
30 centa per line. 

Roadiiitc notices, set In nonpareil, 
90 cent* per Hue. 

Special location. 'H per cent, extra. 
DISCOUNTS.— On bulk contracte : 

250 line a, to be used within 1 year, 10 |ier cent. 
500 lltieH, to tx' iiHeil witblii 1 yt-ar. 'M ix-r cent. 
100(1 lines, to l»e used within I year, 4u |)er cent. 
'25vn llnc^H, to be ushcI within 1 year, 40 per cent. 
M)OU lines, to be used within 1 year, SO per cent. 

On eontlnnoua Inaertlon* : 

.Three months (18 tlinen) 10 per cent. 

UU months (26 times) 20 per cent. 

Nine luontha {'i9 times) 3o perornt. 

Twelve months (S2 times) 40 per cent. 

KT'The Above schedule of Dlscuiints cannot be 
combined. No ad. of leaa than four lines Inserted. 

In order to chanare the address of a 
subscriber we must have the formar as well 
as the present address. 

"We cannot be responsible for money sent 
in letters not reviatereil. or In any other 
way than by P. O. Money Order, Bank Draft 
or Check. 

When vvrltlnv to renevr your subacrip- 
tioj ynu should be sure to give your name 
and address In full, otherwise we cannot find 
your name on our lists. 

All ■uhnoriptlona are dlnoontinned 
•t the expiration of the time paid for. Ue- 
newals should be sent In two weeks before 
the date on the address label, If you wish to 
continue a subscriber. 


AORIcrLTURAr..—natinnH for Dnlry 
Cows. — Special Kducatlon for Young 
Men and Young Women of Limited 
Means. — Corn Stalks for Horses. — 
Health Hints. — How to Avoid Injury 
from Kxposure to Cold. — Amount 
of Sleep Needed. 
A Trip In the Land of the Sky. 

QVERlUlg.^Corn Silage and Shredded 
Stover. — Fertilizing Clover. — Dogs 

LIVE HTOCK AND D4/ffV.— Points to 
be Considered In the Economic Pro- 
ductloa of Beef. 

VETKRINARY—Hweeney—Skln Disor- 

Dead Pigs. — Verminous Bronchitis. 
— Curb. — Lameness. 

OA/?/>L'.V.— Talks on Timely Topics.— 
Storing Vegetables for Winter. — 
Current Comments. — Vinegar. — Ear- 
liest Strawberries. — Karly Corn. — ■ 
Cabbage and Onions for a Short Sea- 
son. — .Market for I'op Corn. — Fish 
Ponds. — Manuring Rented Land. 

nORTHULTVnA f..— Clematis Panlcii- 
iata. — Horticultural Queries. — Vac- 
cinating Trees. 

Painting Fruit Trees. — Horticultur- 
al Notes. 

POL Lr«r.— Poultry Queries.— Brooder 
House Questions. — Wants Winter 

EDITORIAL.— \'o\aon In Young Sorghum 
Shoots. — The Confusion of Common 
Names. — Manure In Winter. — Buy- 
ing Fertilizers. 



JWitE CIRCLE. — Editorial Chat.— In 
the Kitchen. — Our Book Table. 
Fashion Fancies. — Correspondence. 
— V. P. Cook Book. 

•'••»■♦• — Angora (Joats. (;ive Your Kx- 










six, three dollars pay for six yearly sub- 
scriptions with a premium to the dub 
raiser; and those to \^'hom a sample 
copy of the P. P. Is shown, backed by 
the endorsement of the person showing 
it. are not slow to perceive the big bar- 
gain that is offered them. We thank 
those of our friends who have sent in 
these dubs. They are helping most ef- 
fectively in a good cause, spreading the 
gospel of good farming preached by the 
P. F. But we want every subscriber of 
our paper to constitute himself or her- 
self a club raiser. There are thousands 
of them from whom we have not heard, 
but who could, and ought to, send us at 
least one of these clubs. In fact, we 
ought to have at least one club of six 
from every post office to which a copy 
of the P. F. now goes, and we can have 
it with Just a little work from all our 
friends. We have gone into the new 
year with the largest paid subscription 
list in the long history of the P. F. We 
owe it to the unselfish labors of our 
friends, and want those who have not 
yet given a helping hand to do so now. 
See what we havo to say in our an- 
nouncement on page 409, Dec. 27th 
number of the P. F., and make up your 
nrind that you will have at least one of 
premiums which we give for a club of G. 
We have selected the premiums with 
special reference for their utility, and 
every subscriber will find in them some- 
thing he or she wants. The P. F. dur- 
ing 1903 will be the biggest dollar's 
worth of agricultural helpfulness ever 
published in a farm paper. We should 
like every friend to help us make It 
still better than we have planned by 
sending in at least one Club of Six. 

Them. Have They 
or Not? Have You 
Clearing up Brush 

perlence With 
Been Profitable 
I'sed Them In 

About Neckyokes. — Implement 
Shed. — Farm Wheelbarrow.— Four- 
llorse Hvener. — Sjiraying Machine. 
—Straw Hack.— The I'hiw In Sod 
•iround Improved Clothes Horse. 
— I{t»\er»lble Sulky Plow.— Conven- 
ient Handcart. ^Lantern Device. — 
Shocking Horse. — Implement Notes 
and Qutirles. 

SHORT CITS HY P. F. «r»/?.— Driv- 
ing Cattle A lone.^- Household Short 
t uts.— Long «;ate. — Oil Kverythlng. 
--Lconomy In Fuel. — Woolen Blank- 
ets. -— Shoveling Sn<*. — A Short 
tut for Knitters. P.ttnt Supporter. 
— Keplacing Wooden Tubs. — How to 
I. ."''.. '"■•^ Bread. — Kasy Way of 
^^ ashing— Cheap Cistern.— Making 
the Broom Last. 

I EskES. — Some Points on Growing 
Alfalfa— My «;ood Vinegar— That 
Sticky Bread —A Mistake with Tur- 
keys—Killing Hard Corns —Break- 
ing Colts. — .Vngora (Joat ^'allure.■r- 
Those Leather Suspenders. — Not 
Knough Seed. -Shallow Plowing — 
Wholesome Candlev.- Making Soap. 
—First Pliint Some Fruit.— Mulch- 
ing Strawberry Bed— Keeping Meat 
- Henewlng Furniture. — Pigs in the 







«...r..^ Philadelphia, Jan. 3. 1903. 

« HEAT. — 

Exporters showed little interest, but of- 
ferings were moderate and prices ruled 
Ktenily. The world's visible siipplv as calcu- 
lated by Itiadstreefs showed a decrease of 
iMS.'i.CMio bushels. 

No. 2, red 

No. 2, Penua. and Del.. 

Spot No. 2 com was wanted to fill Decem- 
ber contrnitH and prices advanced 1 ^c per 
bushel. The lower grades, however, were In 
ample supply and dull. 

No. 2. yellow 54 V^ 


Offerings were light and the market ruled 
Hrm. with a fair local trade demand. 

.No. 2, white clipped 40 


Receipts, !)S0 tubs and 020 boxes, 
celpts of Western crenmcry were very 
and the market ruled firm, with a 
demand for extras, offerings of \vbi<h 
not ef|Uiil to i»'«iulremeiits. ,\s a <i>nNe- 
ipience. buyers triive considerable attention 
to tine .Tune crcniiierles, and exceptional sales 
of strictly fiihi'y <iunllties of the latter were 
reported above "inotatlons. Ordinary grades 
of lM>th ficKh and held creamerlns were dull. 
Ladles were slow of sale, as offerings were 
mostly of unattractive quality. Prints ruled 
Ilrm. with supplies closely gold up. 
Best prints .^o (il 



to sell. Turkeys were In moderate demand. 
Ducks and geese were scarce and Jirm. Biiy- 
eiK gave iiiei'ereuce to poultry packed In new 
boxes, which lomuiandcd u premium over 
utock packed In barrels. 

Fowls. lb , 11 yof 1 :{ ,/ 

thickens, per lb m („ i,-, "* 

Turkeys, per lb 15 (■,,; o,,' " 

Ducks, per lb 15 ol ih 

<"'''«e 11 f^^ 14 

E(i<JS. — 

Kecelpts. :ii).')4 crates. Receipts of new 
laid eggs were very small and demand 
prompUy cleaned up all offerings of this de- 
Kcrlptlun at lirm prlccH. Much of the supply 
conslHted of niLxcd hold and fresh stock, 
winch sold slowly at Irregular prices. Re- 
frigerator stock was dull aside from strictly 
line .Sprlng-|)acke(| eggs, which were In lair 
(Ictnaiid and steady. The Butter and Kgg 
Board of the Produce Exchange adopted a 
resolution that all sales of eggs on the 
Board after January Ist shall be at "mark." 

Nearby fresh 28 M 'M 

Western, choice i>8 


Receipts of apples and cranberries were 
moderate and the market ruled firm with a 
fair demand for choice fruit. Oranges were 
quiet and steady, with moderate offerings. 

Apples, per bbl l..'-,o /if 3.00 

Cranberries, Jer., per crate. 2.r>() tT/' 3.00 
CrniitH-rrleH. Cape Cod, bbL.lO.OO 0;/ I'j.oo 

Oranges, Jamaica, bbl 4.00 i'lt. .'i 00 

Oranges, Fla., per box 2.25 f(i liMb 


The market for white potatoes was quiet 
but steady under moderate supplies. Sweets 
rul.'d firm under light offerings and a fair 
demand. Onions and cabbage continued 
plentiful and dull. 

White potatoes. Pa., per bu. fifi HI 08 
\\hlte potatoes, West., bu.. 03 fil O.'i 
Sweet potatoes, Jer., bas. . . 2.'» frf .%5 

Cabbak'c, per ton 7.00 (Ti 10.00 

Onions, per bbl 1.76 ^ 2. 00 


'I'he market for beans was a shade firmer 
und.-r small supplies and higher country ad- 
vices, but trade was quiet. Green peaswere 
quiet and steady : 

Marrows. H. P., per bu. . . 1.75 @ 2.70 

Scotch peas, per bu 1.75 


Receipts. 270 tons of hay and 14 cars of 
straw. Supplies of desirable grades were 
small, and the market ruled Arm. with a 
good demand. 

Timothy, choice, large bales 1^1.00 Oi \H.r,rt 

Straw, straight rye 14.r.o fa 10.r>o 

Straw, tangled 11.60 (ft 12.00 

Wheat lO.RO (i( 1 2.00 

Oat 9.50 c«t 11 00 

FEED. — 

Feed was firm, with a fair demand and 
light offerings. 

Bran, bulk. W.nter. per ton I'^.'iO (d 19.00 

Bran, sacked, Spring 18.50 (U, Itf.OO 


Mlddlinfc upland 8 9-10 

Corrected weekly by Coulbourn ft Noble, 
Live Stock Commission Merchants, 2934 Mar- 
ket Street. 

Beef cattle about steady. 

Extra steers Ji^i^att « 

Ctood steers ^W4 f*% 

Medium steers ^^W 5 

Common steers S\i& 4 


Veal calves tlrm and active. 

Extra calves 8%(f?> 0V4 

Fair to good 7 (fi 8 % 

Poor and common n\i,tfi (\iZ 

(irassers 3 Mi® o '/4 


Hogs active. 
Fat hogs. Pa.. Del. & Md. . . « «? SV* 
Fat hogs. Western ....... ti%(u, 9 


Sheep and lambs higher. 

Sheep, extra wethers AKIitt 4'/^ 

Sheep, good 3 4'«i 4 

Sbeef). medium 2Mtf<L 3V4 

Slieep. common 2 61) 2 "4 

Lambs 4 ftj O'^ 


11 Ml 

Included 23 cars 
cars by exprci^s. 







R8 /3 


SHViSi 40 H 

A IVotable Success. 

Our Winter Subscription Campaign 
of Blocks of Six is proving a most grat- 
fylng Bucress. These six-name clubs 
are coming in by every mall, from the 
North. South, East and West. In many 
cases our friends are duplicating them 
four or five times over. It 1» the only 
way in which the P. F. can be obtained 
at lees than the Bubacrlptlon price of 
one dollar per year. In these clubs of 



I'Irsts. creamery 27 

Seconds, creamer.v 23 

Ladle pai ked 17 


Full cream, choice, small... 14 

Full cream, fair to good... iHMt'fft 

Part skims 10 i® 


Fowls, per lb ^\%(fr 

Spring (hickens. per lb 11 r,r 

Ducks, per lb 1,1 f,f 

Geese, per lb 12 Oii 

1 iirkeys. per lb 1.3 ^^ 


Re.elpf* of fowls and chickens were morp 

liberal and the market was a shade lower 
under a light demand and lacreased pressurs 


11 Vj 

New York. Jan. 3. 1003, 

No. 2. red 

Sii. 1, Northern Dulutb.. 

,\o. 2 

.No. 2. white and yellow.. 

No. 2, white 

HAY — 

The market retains all of Its holiday quiet. 
Prl. cs are against wholesale buying, and con- 
sumers arc ple< ing themselves along at the 
present full rates, and with the moderate 
receipts be quoted above average feeders' 
recent estimate of horse keeping expenditure, 
(tood useful undergrade hay has the outlook 
for better (laylng prt< es than have ruled for 
the former for .several seasons. Many of 
them have to try the merits of grade of hay 
that they have not been accustomed to han- 
dle, as it looks as If we are about to have a 
lower run of hay than has been marketed 
for a number of previous seasons. 
Prime, large bales, 100 lbs.. 80 

Creamery, extra 

Creamery, firsts 

Creamery, seconds 

State drilry tubs, fancy.., 


Receipts for the week, 21.010 boxes; ex- 
ports. 11,2.''>1 Imxes. .Notwithstanding we 
are lust at the ilose of the old year, when 
trading Is naturally expected to" rule very 
<iulet. we have had a very fair mo ement. 
IncUidlng (juite a good many lots purchased 
but not to be charged up until after January 
1st. With stocks comparatively moderate 
and In few strong hands, the situation Is cer- 
tainly firm and b««Uh7< With prices still 

® 1.00 

28 *f7 
26 (<i 

28 H 

showing a gradually hardening tendency. .\t 

lb- dose 14c. is proinpily obtainable for Fa:i 
inaile checKc, aud onasioual sales of specially 
desirable small colored are making at 14 'jc. 
I.aie made i olored <'hiM'se has hud fair atten- 
tion, and Is linu ui l.t^.i^c While cheese, 
boili Fall nuule ami luie made, has not been 
in as good dcnuinil us colored, aud the feeling 
: is not (iiilic so linn us on the latter. E.x- 
nortcrs nave been In want of iheap grades, 
I but are finding such verv scarce, though a 
I line of about l.;{(Mi bo.xes that had bct^n dam- 
aged In a late tire at Scramon. I'a., was se- 
cured by exi)ortcrs, tliotigbt to have been at 
about U'-c., though exact particulars re- 
garding (liiallly aud pri.e wore kept strl.tly 
private. Sklriis have been on'v moderately 
active, but lirmly held for all grades. Cable, 
.)i(s for both colored aud white. 

Full cream, small 

Full cream, i-lujlce 

Light skims, small, choice. 
Light skims, large, choice. 

Receipts for the week, 
by freight and about 3 
There has been a fair denmiul "for prime 
heavy fowls, and. with conumratlvelv moder- 
ate receipts, toward the .lose thi' feeling is 
lirm and jirlces liigber, but medium grades 
fit' boih fowls and clilckens have ruled dull 
and Irregular, old roosters a trille firmer. 
TurkevN have been in moderate supply ail 
the week and prhes lirmly hehl. occasionally 
exceeding top quotarlonH. Prime lots of 
ducks aud geese In good demand and firm. 
Live pigeons in lighter supply aud a shade 

Spring chickens, per lb lo 

Ducks, per pair 70 

(ieese, pei- pair 1.25 

I'owls. good to prime, per lb. 12 

Turkeys, per lb 14 


Receipts for week. 21.741 packages. The 
market geneiall.v has been in a verv unsatls- 
tory position. Supplies have been liberal of 
most description, (jiiallty very Irregular and 
general trading (pilet. Strlctiv fancv tur- 
keys have generally been held uiider limits of 
owners and i;onc illrei t to free/.ers when the 
quality offering has been attractive. There 
has been some speculative demand for fauiy 
lots at IHc, but lew lots on the market good 
enough to bring that price, while large lots 
have arrived more or less out of condition 
and have had to sell from 17c. down to 13 
and 14c. Chickens and fowls have been In 
Very liberal supply, quality generally Irregu- 
lar, and with a slow demand prices have 
ruled weak and unsettled. Really fan.^y 
fowls and chickens have been In suiail pro- 
portion, but demand limited. Ducks In mod- 
erate supply, but demand less aetlve since 
the holidays and prices easier. Geese In fair 
sujiply and lower. Tame squabs about ready. 

Spring turkeys, per lb 

Spring chickens, per lb 

Sjirlng gec'se. per lb 

Fowls, good to prime, per lb. 
Squabs, poor to prime, dus. . 

R«<'e<ipts for week. 20.548 cases. There 
has been no material change In prices during 
the week. Receipts have fallen off material- 
ly, and there has been some reduction of 
tuevlous Bcc-umulatlcm In store, but there 
Is still a good deal of stock unsold, and deal- 
ers have had no trouble In supplying the 
moderate neeesslfles of their trade "at about 
previous figures. Recent reports of cold 
weaibir in the country have, however, 
strengthened the feeling of the market, and 
the tone closes very firm on all desirable 
goods. Refrigerators pre moving quietly, but 
are held with some? confidence, and the light 
business n i)orted Is at unchanged prices. 

State aud nearby 28 fft 33 

Western 20 U 26 


Receipts of ajiples for week. 2S.43fl bbls. 
Ai)ples have continued In liberal supply and 
prices low and without improvement some 
few local storage apiiles showing very nice 
quality have worked out from r>oc. anci fl.OO 
above quotations, but many of the local stor- 
age apples have not kept well aud have little 
value. Pears running down In quality and 
with demand lliiiited prices rule low. (*!rapes 
mostly poor and draL'ging at low and irregti- 
lar figures. Cranberries have continued In 
active demand and firm, with prices slightly 
higher. Strawl>errlo« In light receipt, but 
re.elvlng very little attention and prices 
barely sustained. 

Apples, per bbl 75 

I'ranlM'rrles, per bbl fl.oo 

Cranberries, jier crate 2.25 

(Jrapes, per case l.oO d'r 

(irapes, per bas 8 Or 

Oranges. Florida, per box., l.oo di, 

2.50 01 


ra 18 



« 13 


4 12 


(^ 2.75 

r,f 3.00 

(II 11.O0 

Potatoes, Jer., jier bbl. . 

Penna. & Western. Iso lbs.. l..%0 

Sweet potatoes, jier bbl. . . . 2.50 

Tomatoes. Fla.. per carrier. 1.5o 

Celery. Western, do/., bun. . lO 

Onions, per bbl 1.50 

Caiillfiowers. iier bbl 2 <>o 

Turnips, per libl O."* 

Spinach, per bbl 1.75 














XX and above 2iva31 

X 20'ii28 

Medium 28^:10 

Quarter blood 28/ffi30 

Common 25<'326 

iM WASHED (light and bright.) 

Fine \W921 

Medium 2Kd22 

Quarter blood 21<^22 

Coarse 18^20 

iNWAsncD (J..rk colored I 

Fine l,5r<?10 

Fine medium IC/al^i 

Medium and quarter IS'Sr 1ft 

Coarse DM^lg 


Washed fine Delaine 81(333 

Wsshed medium ." HWiM 

Washed low 20'(i31 

Washed coar'»e 20^27 

Unwashed niedlum 22w''4 

Unwashtd quarter blood 22^24 


■•<■. " 


The Practical Karmer 

» :^ -,' 

n-' 1 


The Home Circle* 

Edited l.y V.ln»a C'HidwplI MpIvIIIp, Kim Prairie, 

Wis., to whom all cuiiiniuiilcntionsi rt'liitivc lo ttito 
tfeparttiii'iit uliould !«• i.dilrfssed. 

Editorial Chat. 

While wo do not take duk h stock In the 
oft excitement over ii -niud doK." we do 
know thiir such a iMut; ns hydiophohia ex- 
ists: and ill case It Is only a scale, no harm 
c.iild come of i.asiing the followlti« In one's 
note |„,„k and liyinj,' it: -j-ake Immediately 
warm vinegar or tepid water and wash the 
wound very clean : then dry It and pour upon 
the wound a few drops of muriatic acid. 
Mineral a. ids destroy the poison of the saliva 
and its evil effects are neutralized." 

i:ilen Kinney. Itiockport. X. V,. wishes us 
to announce |o those wli<i so kindly furnished 
nuiicrial for a name iiuilt that she has It 
done and her mother has (pillted It. The 
poor girl Is very ha|ipy over It. and extremely 
thankful tr) all who donated jiieces. thread, 
money, etc. she never tires in her gratitude 
for what the ii. r. has done for her. 


'•If youve had a kindness shown, 

I'ass it i,n : 
It was not meant for vou alone." 

And so it seemed to us, as the words of 
Mrs. ItoluTt liiiideite. who spoke before the 
\\omairs Cliil) of Madis.m re<enlly, sank Into 
our heart, surely we ought to pass them on. 
Many of you have hiard. or will hear her 
speech entllted 'rnliy and IHversity." but 
many more wJII not. an<l one might hear It 
many limes !in<i not th.-n have mined Its entire 
v.ealth. We laii (piote hut brielly, but enough 
It seems to us. to give to the world our 
creed: to win all good women to club organi- 
zation, and to sil.nrf forever the critic. .And 
unieinlii'i- this is no Idle talk: everywhere 
good work Is being done, work that sp.-aks 
for itself. There Is no town so small, no 
neighborhood .«o thinly settled, but a <lub 
Would be a veritable (Jodsend. each working 
out its own destiny in the place where It Is 
Iilanted. .Mrs. Iturdette says: "I would that 
there were n new llandi-l to create a new 
Messiah of thanksgiving that 'unto .vou a dub 
was born.' The women's oiganl/atlons are a 
living factor of the worlds progress of to-day. 
Ihe movement dates from the dose of the 
rebel|i.,u when the blacks were ernan. ipated 
and t'lven suffrage, but women were <iebarred. 
From the Wiuiians suffrage movement devel- 
oped the woman's dub. At llrst It was con- 
sidered n fitil. The evolution of the 'dub 
woman's husband' had not yet begun. Hut 
lo: a great army of organized women has 
been merged into an altruistic body, not 
alone In our own <ountry. but In lands gov- 
erned by emj»erois and kings. The value of 
dub life to the Individual woman has been 
manifold. Just as the balie develops Its age 
hy discovering the use and [lurpose of little 
hands and f.-et and other members of the 
body, so the club woman discovers her true 
self by Intercourse with Intelligent women. 
She has learned to know herself, her weak- 
nesses, and l.y broader culture to Increase 
the circumferen' e of her drole. 

"We have not always comprehended what 
our lives are f.u-. the great possibilities and 
opportunities before us. A woman's inllu- 
ence is as great as her Intelligence and 
through the broadening tendency of this dub 
life she becomes a better companion to her 
children and a closer comrade to her hus- 
band. Xo woman has any right to undertake 
any work that does not emanate from the 
home and return to the I would 
sound the bugle call of this great organiza- 
tion, and declare that <;od has committed to 
our keeping the care of our future citizen. 
First, those In our homes, then those In less 
favored homes then the little white siaven— 
the child wage earners In factories and mills. 
This work has been done and will continue 
to be done through better home conditions; 
through educational Influences. l»y the estab- 
lishment of kindergartens and manual train- 
ing, and domestic science Sihoois ; by more 
attractive and sanitary school buildings, 
through industrial schools, through the estab- 
lishment of Juvenile courts, through all that 
tends to make ibe future citizen a law abid- 
ing. Industrious human being. And because 
there Is so much to be done for the citizen 
of the future that can be reached only through 
public sentiment promulgated- by a moral 
atmosphere which cannot be established by 
the reading of papers nor created by resolu- 
lutlons. yet through all the diversified Indi- 
viduality of womanhood everywhere, there 
can be a unity of personal standard that shall 
say to the world. The women who wear this 
badge stand llrst of all for the sacredness of 
true womanhood.' It shall say, that with 
all of our womanly powers we will demand 
and urge the more sacred holding of the mar- 
riage tie. that It may not be so lightly as- 
sumed, nor so easily broken. To the fact 
that In the growing spirit of commercialism, 

marriage Is coming to l)e consldereo a busi- 
ness contract railier than a holy sacrament. 
I.i duo more than half the heartache In' the 
world of womanhood, and we women who live 
In loving and happy homes are not altogether 
Innocent. l!y tlie very virtue of our liapiil- 
ness in home and loyal husband, we are our 
sisters' keepers. It Is an appalling fad that 
divorces in the L'nlted States are Increasing 
three times as rapidly as the population, if 
that ratio continues, by the dose of the 
twentieth century, separallons by dcata will 
be fewer than separations by discord. There- 
fore let us not neglect while we surround 
these little ones with an atmosphere of 
purity, to establish a higher standard In their 
hearts. Let us say to our sons as we do to 
our daiighter.s, 'There Is but one and the 
same standard of morality for the man and 
the woman.' one more responsibility we hold 
lor the future citizen which often we fall to 
recognize. What Is ILls luxurious age in 
which we live going to leave him for his 
heritage, and how far are we resjionslble for 
It'i Women cannot stand aside In this day 
of commercialism and money getting, and 
say: 'We have no jiart In It.' Men are beside 
themselves with the money-madness. But 
why'/ Is it always for mere love of money? 
I do not believe It. <;o home today to your 
wage earner— your bread wlnner^and say : 
'I am going to live more simply. I am going 
t<- be hai)|)ler with less show and more com- 
f<jrt. I would far rather have your com- 
panlonshlf) than your money.' Say that, and 
live that, and see bow many more hours an 
emancipated man. glad to be rid of some of 
the worry and strain of business, will spend 
with yourself and the children. Last year 
»il'.'. men In business life went astray, lied 
from the h<ime and fell Into the hands of the 
low, as embezzlers, robbing employers and 
business associates of twenty-five millions of 
•lollars. stealing to keep up expensive homes. 
and keep the wife and daughters In *go..d 
society' : '(iood sodety'^wlth a wife In the 
social swim and a husband in the peniten- 
tiary: This mammon worship: 

"I was a.sked once wliat thought I could 
give that would be tlie most helpful to women. 
My answer was that they should liave the 
courage to live simply. oh. women of 
Amerba, If we should do nothing than 
live, and teach the coming citizen that 
he had better be pure and purer, that man- 
hood Is worth more than moneyhood. all the 
world would rejoice that, like Ksther, the 
beautiful and womanly, 'we had come to the 
kingdom for a time as this'— for the 
enlargement and deliverance of our people. 

"Men will not say — you dare not say — 
these are unwomanly ambitions' for a feder- 
ation of 7.-.(t.(Mto women. They are not 'am- 
bitions:' they ar<' aspirations— Inspirations. 
This, then, we say for this great allied move- 
ment of womanhood throughout the world - 
the one grand, unifying thought that throbs 
like the mighty heart In a body of many 
members is this- home-k«M'itlng and chlld- 
hiod. I say to you this organization that 
girdles the glob, with noble and Inspiring pm- has been. Is. and will be a iierslstent. 
rlghte.;us, i)owerful factor in the world's evo- 
lution, because its linal h. art motive Is the 
true exponent of womans divine glff of 
homekeeping and motherhood." 

To the sister who asks If ,„„„ tic pl,n,us 
are permls-able. we reply, certainly, if your 
true name is enclosed for our benellt. 

sits should be a little higher than the stove 
and fastened securely to the wall. It can be 
lilled with a force pump or carried In palls. 

The fuel box Is made in the wall near the 
stove and extends out In the wood shed or 
(oal l)in, bKck of the kitchen, as shown by 

the dotted lines. It Is filled right from the 
outside, so there is no carrying wood or <oal 
through the kitchen. It has a cover with 
hinges and always looks neat. It Is the 

January 10, 1903. 

A pity to see pale girls stay 
pale and dull when it is so easy 
to get Scott's Emulsion. 

One of the best things 
Scott's Emulsion does is to 
give rich blood to pale girls. 

The result of regular doses 
of Scott's Emulsion is an in- 
crease not only in the red 
color of the blood and in the 
appetite but in the good looks 
and bright manners which 
are the real charm of per- 
fect health. 

Send for Free Sample. 
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, 4og Pearl St., N. f. 

Tnniiarv 10, 1903. 


handbst fuel box I know of. Now I hope all 
the ladies who read this will keep harping 
at It until they get these conveniences. 
Mclliinif Co., 111. 

Our Book Table. 

In the Kitchen. 


Water and fuel are the two principal arti 
des In the kitchen. To have them handy 
and convenient saves nearly one half the 
labor. The enclosed Illustration nearly ex 
plains itself. The water tank Is made of gal 
vanlzed Iron to hold l.'. or 20 gallons, and has 
n spigot at the bottom on which Is fitted a 
short piece of rubber hose. The teakettle, or 
anything else on the stove, can be quickly 
and easily filled without spilling any on the 
stove or floor. The shelf on which the tank 

It Is evident that the author of "The 
Master" rot only carefully laid his plot but 
became himself thoroughly acquainted with 
ea< h character before Introducing him or her 
to the public; and the manner In which each 
[Is sustained throughout makes It. In diction a niiisieri)lece. Indeed. If our opinion 
j hoMs for aught, Zangwlll himself is the 
master painter, albeit he wields a pen In- 
I stead of a brush. Xowhere Is this artistic 
j talent more In evidence than in the lengthy 
conversations which, condu.ted bv almost 
anyone el.-<-, would be prolix. He has the 
rare gift of being himself ea.h man, woman 
and child that p.oples his pages. He Is as 
recognlzabl,> in Tommy, the Indian lad, as 
In Iiavld Strang, the drowned sailor and 
speaking oi the latter. It Is a trait of a 
Breat author to side track, and. in a few 
brief pages, exi.ose the real man In contradis- 
tln.tlou to the man as he apjieared. 
who have read ''Ibe Master " must have noted 
this of the inner man in the second 

Right or wrong 
chimney makes 
or unmakes a 

cbai.ler, where Matt and his father were 
caught by the tide wlille out flshlug. Then 
and there Matt and the reader see and know 
the real I>avld Strang. 

Then again, the author masquerades slh 
Mrs, Strang, good hearted, loyal to husband 
and child, while her lips are uttering mad 
maledictions and threatening carelessly to 
"throw up the jiosltlon." I'erhaj.s In pass- 
ing we may note that humble Abner I'reep 
is one of tJod's noblemen. Then there Is 
cripple Hilly— who has not known Just such 
people. A .soul wrecked by a maimed body. 
Itut of course the hero, the great character. 
Is Matthew Strang, Jr.— Matt, whom we 
meet llrst vainly trying to comfort Hilly and 
appease his angry mother that first cold 
Xova Scotia night: .Matt with his mania for 
daubing the j.lctures In the big HIble and 
drawing charcoal sketches of everybody and 
everything; Matt, with bis strange mixture 

The "1900" Ball-Bearing 



without deposit or arlvance pay- 
ment of any kind, freiKht puld 
lK)th ways, on 3u days' trial. L'n- 
questioriahly greatest family 
Iiittornaverever Invented. Kavea 
1 1 me, ex pense and wear and tear. 
Will do the family WBHlilngl 
witfinut bollInK clothes, bund- 
scnitililng or back breakliiK. ' 
Revolves on l)icycle tMll bear- 
ings and Is therefore eeHie<it 
ninning washer ever made. 
Will do two hours' wasblntc lu 
ten mliiuies. 

WaMhes collars and cuffs, laces and the moit delleata 
materials perfectly clean and pohitlvely without tear. 
Ing ihera or wearing out a sltiKle thread. It whl wash 
blankets, bed spreads and the heaviest clothes lust ^ 
eiislly and thoroiiKhl.v. Clothes are torn and worn out 
more by washttrianls and out-of-<tat«' hard rubbinv 
washers than they are by use. The savlnc In soan 
h^«i"hort'\Tme!""' '**''*'^*='°"'^» «'" P-^ '«>' machln. 




with stale eggs, glue 
and other things are 
not fit to drink. 

[Lion Coffee 

i« pure, uncoated 
coffee— fresh, strong, 
well flavored. 

Th«Male<) ps^aKeln. 
•area nniform quialiky 
and frMhneM. 

My name on every "right" one. 

If you'll send your address, MI send you 
•ho Index to Lamps and their Chimneys, to 
tell you what number to get for your lamp, 
' Macbeth, Pittsbu.-gh. 


irill bv paid ir thi. letter U not 

KAXata TiTv. M . , 

I h»\f Kirrn rour WMher • fair trial tt 
i> the lK.t w«,h,r I enr ..w. || fc,, «„|,.^ 
our kraty blaakri. with nur. I! 
them la.t irriaic and tuLImhI morr ihau an 
bour, and ,■.•! ihty ha.1 to go throiixh a-ain 
bullh, •IJOO,d th.-m il.n- 
<lth\y cl»aii. W, 4u.iir wa.klM. tfr, ..|,k 

•Id. MKS J. 1.. HAN.SKK. 4S(« TrJl? " « 
llcni«.inh«T^ Tou take abaolutrlr no riak, Inrur na 

«».' HO d■.^• v;ur. f;v.,h.- p;r-M""omi«: ri 

««lnB, and »o.|.Ively without a»/.X«,. * •"'' 

•■ "ny kind. 

■ce or deposit 


Bold fur CASH or »a MO-NTHLV PA VXK.XTH 

Your money refunded after 
six months' trial If 

Clapp's Ideal Steel Range 

Is not .10 per cent, to lOO f)er 
cent, better than you can 
- buy elsewhere. My 
superior location on 
I>ake Krie, where 
Iron, steel, coal, 
freights and skilled 
lalior are the cheap- 
eat and best, enahlea 
me to tiirnlHb a Top 
NoT( n steel Uimceat a 
clean savlnenf f I0tu|20, 
quuJIty considered. 

Mi«il«ii..»i .»j _w .. „. '■"■'Kht paid east of 
MisBisalpp! and north of Tennpsaee. Send for free 

S^r'i'Vf,"' '■'.' •♦>■''*" ""'' ■"=«• *"•» or irltbout 
re»>rv(.ir, for city, town or country use. 

CHESTER D. CLAPP, 685 Summit St.. Toledo, 0. 

(.Praatlcal WfTa mni Banc* Man) 

THE "looo" WASHER CO., 

•a r. Wt«te street, BINeUABITON, S. T 

Write for free booklet tellbii; aNmt the ' 

JAS. BOSS Stiffened Gold WATCH CASE 

Tb^Kej.tone M «t.h t..e Co.. I'blUdelphle. 

III?" )!'!"« .^°1'^°^» •'•V'--" ••--'- '^-5 

Wi Want Ladiftt Lil. *"'"'' *"*" •" "*»"' '"•' "ur 

WW naill bOHIVS ft.,e, entaloKoe of stoves 

•ewInK inarhlnHs hm.1 r..tri«.', :*rdays f ree t H^' 

.1. A T..i-,n ( „.. <m L.k, Ji^r«^ D,pi 010, < ki«.iirni. 

Mbr anil Women Wanted '" ••"/ '■''•'" "' "•• -""'rihiir 

BBL. SUQAR S9 QS """t wnd moneyT 

47.40 W. Lake Kt.. < bioase, III. 

WHEN YOU WANT .-or^rv"— --rH^-^ 



Bekbar aad Weel, Aretloa, MTSIbSmnST" 






Tme: PRACTicy^T. Farmer 

of child and man mind: Matt, with his In- 
tense lonuUiK to upreml his wings and lly 
away, yi Ntubboru adherence to duty and 
honor as he saw It ; Matt amid bis brief huc- 
• enHL's and tedious reverses ; the double Matt 
who. went through life as jiure as a child 
and yet forever surrounded, and oftflmeB 
(lallyluK with sin In every form ; Matt, the 
luvdmnd rf Uoslna and the ardent lover of 
some Ideal woman— this Ideal personltied for 
one brief space of time by Kleanor Wynd- 
wood : Matt, the Intruder In his wife's cab- 
bage befonled kitchen and Matt the Idol of a 
London drawing room, the lion of the art 
academies, and Matt the llnal grand master 
of art. but Inllnltely grander master of self. 
And Itoslna, poor Uoslna l While we have 
lelt rlgh"tou8ly Indignant at her one moment 
we have pitied her the next, and. Indeed, 
we slioiiM not blame her — she was as true 
to her Ideal.s as her buijband to his, and 
then she did not know the Inner Matthew 
Strang as the reader Is permitted to know 
him. Hut hers is. In some respects, a beau- 
tiful chara<'ter — and how like a woman to 
(hide blm with neglect and meet him with 
coldness, while her letters to the old Nova 
.Scotia home were full of his praise, and her 
little child said she could not sleep nights be- 
cause mamma cried so. ^), the pathos of It 
all from that first ley night. In the little 
clearing h<me near Tobequld village, to the 
hour when our hero (jult I'arls. after his 
meeting with his childhood love. Ruth 
Ilalley. aid his terrible battle with himself! 
And It was a terrible battle In which glided 
wrong and homely right stood face to face-, 
when a mad Infalunilon and dull duty fought 
for supremacy : where three banners seemed 
waving before him: on one the faded, fretful 
face of hU wife; on another the fascinating 
one of K*eanor Wyndwood, with her soul 
thrilling eyes, as she said: 

"Copae for me next Sunday night at seven 
—you will take me to dinner somewhere 
quiet. In this great free I'arls. And then — 
then we can talk over the future." 

On the third, and between the others, as 
It were, was the sweet, womanly countenance 
of Huth Ilalley. and she was saying: 

"How proud your wlfi' is of you. What a 
good woman she must be." And then again : 
• "Goodbye, dear Matt. God bless you I" 
And th" outcome'/ 

Fie writes a farewell to Kleanor; he goes 
home to the sulky Koslna ; he gives up 
society ; he Intended to give up art. He did 
give up his grand studio ; but. (iiioting from 
the book : "From the glooms and trials of the 
dally routine in this prosaic home, with Its 
faithful but narrow-souled mistress, who 
knew not what was passing In her husband's 
mind, nor at wlut <(mt he made her happy, 
and who would not even agre«> to live In some 
beautiful country spot which would have 
softened life for him — from this depressing 
household, with Its nnsprlghtty children, Its 
cheerless pensioner. Its querulous cripple re- 
senting the very hand that fed him, he o8- 
caped to the little whitewashed studio to 
find in his art oblivion of the burdens of life. 
Solitary, silent, sorrowful, strong; not chat- 
tering about his Ideas and alms ; Indifferent 
to fame or the voice of imsterlty, striving 

ctirse of "The Master's" life from beginning 
to end; and yet the spirit of tlie old Scotch 
rresbyterian ancestors made wedlock binding, 
and forbade that "what t;od had Joined to- 
gether" man should put asunder. It Is a 
poor book, however, that provokes tio ad- 
verse criticism, and then, you know, the 
hired critic of today, like the hired mourner 
of old, miist do his part whether he feels 
like It or not. One thing Is sure, everyone 
must rend a lK)i)k for himself if he Is to really 
know anything about It, for the critic Is 
human and when you have read his repoi t 
you only know how the story looked to 
him through his "Many men of many 
minds," you know. 

Fashion Fancies, 

The qu.intity of material retiulred for the 
medium size Is 4 ' j yards 111 iiK lies wide. 2 
yards 44 Inches wide or 1 ','4 yaid.s o'2 inches 


4277 Blouse Jacket, 
32 to 40 bust. 

wide. The pattern, 4L'77, Is cut In sizes for 
a 32, n4. 30, :iS and 40 Inch bust measure, 
and may be had for ten cents from The Farm- 
er Co., Market & 18th Sts., rhiladelphla. 


Mrs. Jnmes Wy<koff. Farmer. Seneca Co.. 
New York, writes: I see in the II. C. cor- 
respondence that .Mrs. Dornbla/.cr has found 
her two brothers nnd I am wondering it' tin- 
readers cnn help me llud mine. About 
twenty five years ago I had a letter fro:u 
the oldest on<'. He was then lu Ashtabula, 
Ohio. He was Inclined to be a little wild, 
but I trust, if he Is living, lliat time has 
remedied this. Our mother died when we 
were all small. Think of leaving eleven help- 
less rblldr ■n : She died praying <!od to care 
for US and keep us from siu. 'I'lils brother's 
name was Oorge Wofxiel. The other one, 
William Wooilel. I heard from about HI vear.s 
ago. He had bought a farm— all wood land - 
la Michigan, and at the tliin- was talking 
. ,, .of buying a milk route In t'hbogo. 1 have 

for self a;iprobatlon and rarely obtaining It, I never heard from him since. I should be 
touching and retouching, breaking thi; rules ' '^"^'..'^'■'"''"'' ^" '"■^''" "' ""''■' whereabouts. 
Of the school in obedience to his own g'^nlu.A ^j:'^:^^';^^ ^,'ll^\i^;\,l''::u:^}l^^ 

he tolled on In his humble studio, seeking ,,.. ,, , ,, , ' ,,, 

thtk hiiriiaai »iti, nr, .».., «« „^ . i ''•'"* I'.vpl. I arluu. III.. wrlie-i: Why ran 

the highest, with no man or woman to In- j we not ihlnk less of the eares and worries 
spire, encourage or praise. He had been ■ of life ami more of the pleasures we have 
saved from love and happiness, and sent I **"'' """■"" *^<' "»'Kht cnjoy'r We feel that to- 

linek infn ■vmrintbv uith nil .1, i j ''".■*' ^'' h.ive too niueh to do to tbiiik of anv 

ba.k into •yiDpnth.^ with nil that works and | ,hlng but work, but some .-ther time neit 
suaera. • • • • And vet his life Ih nut nil I wt-ek, iierli.'ioM i>r iiiiTf «u may have 

i'ks coim 

• "•"•' "•"• I iniiig Dui worn, uut some <nuer tini 

And yet his life Is not all | week, perhaps, or next year we mi 
— work la his anod.vne, and there |, | more time to enjoy life, lint as the wet 


an Inner pen -e In the dally pain, because it 
Is the pain that his houI has chosen, In will- 
ing slavery to his own yoke." 
And men call him "The Master." 
In a private letter an old editor and pub- 

arid go we ilnd so much to do that we miss 
many simple pleasures which wi* might enjoy. 
While we lind liapplneMs In being busy and 
useful. Iei us also make our surroundings as 
comfortable nnd lieaiitlful as possible. It 
takes but very llt<le time or expense to cultl 
vale tlowiTN. either In the garden In Summer 
Usher onie wrote us: "Kvery acceptable'"'' '" ""* ••">'■'"' '•' Wlnt<r. and they add so 

story eliher leaves a pleasant Impression or 
teaches n lesson." 

"The Master" certainly does not leave an 
Impression altogether pleasing. There Is too 
mu<h shadow lu the weaving; too mucli 
heartaclie. failure nnd reality. Uut there are 

mui Ii to the nil im tlvenesH of a ln) lu*. W< . 
In our ho;n<-. Ilnd thii n pair of emntry birds, 
given to us a few nioniliN ago, adds iinicli to 
our enjoynieni of life and It requires only 
a few minutes each dnv to (are for thetii. 
If yiMi eaniioi afToid to furnish nil the boolis. 
maga/lnes and paiiers the family wish to 
read, <-onililne wlih your neighbors. I.i-t sev- 

lessons. lessons. All this the thought of the Vk"' f""''"'"* , J'-"» «''K-lher. ea.h supplying 

, , . . luougni OI lue themselves with <-ertain books and papers, 

sympathetic reader, but there Im another ' which are to oe loaned to each other family. 

view, the view taken by the — as Zangwill •''""vlde ilie young folks wlih pleiitv of good 

would rut It- • brutal crlt ie '• ni.,. „.i,i. "''''"""'''• niush- and games. Kei the:ii have 
wouiu piir ir niutai <iitn, who, with „ pi,.«Hant room at home where thev can en- 
much Justice might comploln that the tale terlaiu their friends, het tliem earn spend- 



........ J,, -..,.. ....niii .-fiuiiiuiu iinu me laie leriain ineir i rieniis. i.ei tiiem earn spem 

Is l<io long by one-fourth, and that ofttimes '"? "'"uev sntlh lent for their needs. Whf 
the meaning is smo.hered in words; that t be ' C, r^^V"'^];:*/ ';,;?,' Z'V.Tt V/s.I^mon'J 

sentences are so long and complex as to 
drive Murray. Swinton and all the other 
grammarians to desp'>ratlon ; thot there are 
SI) many more iiad thon good people — pollte- 
l,v bad, thai Is— and that In the whole atory 
there U uvit one happy marriage and homelike 

wisely. It Is said flint "The only wav to 
I realize onr Idi'nl Is by tdeall/Ing the real." 
[so whv shouM we not enjoy our surroundingH 
and circumstances to the fullest extent, and 
surround ourselves with as much lnn'>cent 
pleasure as possible'/ One of the great I'si 
pleasures cines from giving pleasure to 

»» .,„i Other people; this Is one way to add to our 

nome. unless we may except Abner and I own happiness. 

Harriet I'reep's. We know nothing of the 

Mrs. O. J. Olson, Tongaloo, Miss., writes: 
In the bottom of our trunk Is a box. the 
conteiiis of wiiirh are most jireclous. The 
memory of each arflele binds us to the happy 
iiast. How many limes hnvM we o|)ened the 
box and s'leni ninny haopy moments dream- 
ing over theae tliitigs. We remove the covir : 

,-,„ ,,. ,„ ,,,., ,,, ^ I on top lie some Invitations lo girl parties. 

tain It u tuat ill aaaortad marrlaga wai the J and aoma achool girl notes. Then cumoa a 

personal hiatory of the author, but one Is 
almost unconsciously led to suspect that 
either his childhood or manhood home was 
not the idml place, and that this fact colored 
his delineations of other hearthitonea. t'er 

kid glove, once spotless white, now yellow 
with age. We recall the party we bougbl the 
im.r for, but we have only one; where Is the 
• •ther'/ Next comes a little dry bun.h of 
(lowers. When were they worn, where, and 
who sent them'.' We are sure, as we look at 
them, they tell us a sweet slorv. .Vow fol- 
lows some letters written bv father, mother 
or sister, who have passed to that other 
world. Some from lover, now husband. 
I hese we read over and over again, as if we 
could never learn their contents, and eai h 
time we read them they seem new. Here are 
some faded roses we carried on our wedding 
day. What Is in that white paper'/ We 
oiien it and behold a beautiful curl cut from 
the head ot onr boy. now a broad shouldered 
man. Here, also. Is u tiny printed letter 
and a doll's divss made by her whom we call 
"dMugliter." Next comes a prettv liaby 
dress, a little half worn shoe, some" broken 
Jewelry, all of no value, but who would part 
vvlih these treasures-.' They, together with 
the memories they arouse, are to us the 
wealth of the world. 

Walpole .Vockolds, Oaklev, Texas, writes: 
In r.-adlng my I'. F. of Dec." flth. I no'l.e t!ie 
cull for exiierleuies. so will glvi> some of 
mine. We made up several luishels of toma- 
toes this Fall, ntid as frost threatened we 
pulled a good many green ones and cooked 
up a fine lot of pre;.ierves In Ibis wav. Weigh 
fruit, tl'.en take one-holf pound of sugar fc.r 
eaeli pound of fruit. .Make a svrup bv ailding 
water and stirring till sugar Is melieil. Then 
while syrup boils, wash tomatoes and when 
it bolls <lear put tluni In. a few at a time, 
so :is not to stop them boiling loo much. 
Then (ook (not loo fasti until done. Vcui 
can use any spices or davor desired. An- 
othee way In wbhh wo enjoy tomatoes Is 
as foMows: We sihe or cut them In small 
pieces, sav six or eight ripe ones, slice two 
good sized onions, several green peppers nnd 
cook In frying pan with lard or oil. sav three 
tablespooiifuls. Afier cooking several min- 
utes add some t'lilli povders and salt, i)er 
haps a fablespoonful of the powders and a 
teaspoon of salt Cook all slowlv till done. 
and you'll have what I call a vegetable chill. 
I lioiight an IiKiibator ilOii-eggt ami a 
lourlij.k brooder last Spring the onlv ones 
within miles of here, and made two hatches. 
I h:itclied I'll: <hleks and raised over 100 

of them. I did not fee<l the chicks till the 
lirsi iiatched ones weie ihn.c davs old. then 
I intf juilJei Keed aud lolled oatsin u jille of 
dry sand aii<i made the little fellows Kcrut<-h 
It out. 'J'licy soon learned and scrati-lied 
like old hens. I ^ave them all the grit and 
water tli"y ne-drd. After thev wore two 
weeks old I began to feed llic:n cracked corn 
and wheat. I fed lltth' and often and 
Ibey grew nlc<-ly. 1 have just got some 
thoroiighln-ed II. I'. It.icks : two roosters and 
live hens and five pulhis They are the first 
ever brought into this eoiintv. and everyone 
admires them. They aie so large, and "with 
their pretty markings and vellow legs, they 
make a pretty pirtuie. i iiave sold olT most 
ol my srrubs. keeping a few of the most 
motherly hens for sitters. Have five acres 
of sandy land, wbhh 1 a;u gradually improv- 
ing ai-cordiiig to J'. F. nethods; also manage 
a small general merchandise business and 
am iiostniaster. 

lllype to hear from you again. — Ed.] 

y. p. Cook Book. 

Cora L. Ilhhords. Carleton. Mhh.. writes 
and tells how to make brea<l. Take a com- 
mon yeast cake, sosk one hour In one pint 
hike warm water; then stir In two teaspoon- 
fuls sifted flour, one of sugar and one-balf 
of a tea'tpoonfiil of salt and let Holl 
three large potatoes until done, then remove 
from the stove and mash very line; add three 
and a half ipiarts of hike warm water; add 
the yeast and two tablesyoonfuls of sugar 
and one of salt ; let set over night. Karly la 
the morning mi.\ this Into enough flour to 
make stiff (do not sponge i. When light 
knead down : let rise again and knead again. 
Then let rise again and mould Into loaves. 
Ho nol add any flour, but grease your hand 
with biifiei. This Is enough for six good 
sized loaves nnd makes it very nice. I>o not 
mix on board. I am eleven years old. 

I.N'o, Cora, to your query. — Fu.l 



There is absolutely no wear in anv of the other ingm- 
dients of which they are composed. Every time the 
qualit y of Rubber Bcwitsand Shoes Is reduced 10 per cent., 
thedurabdity is reduced over "20 percent, because there is 
onlv one way to cheapen them, and that is to leave out 
Rnbher and put in its place other things that have no 
wearing (juality whatever. Thia cheapeim.g process has 
been steadily going on for the past 40 years. 


OF Ri hh»:k hoot<« ANn niiokh 

are inn«l<> ol r«*«l mlib«>r~)»n<1 on«* pnir ol tli<*in 
wllloiilHvnrtHoDalrMollheHliindiirHiir^t ifrndm 
now on lli« iiiarliftt. Try a pair and be convinced. 
Made In Duck lioots. Duck rolled edge Overs for Kocka 
and Felt Boots and in Arctics and light rubber shoes' 
Insist on irotflnir the HK'KSKn ltlUM». \one jfen- 
■InewlthoHt the Koril KKkskn on the ten front Of 
the Iras of the bontii and the hottoms of the shoeii 
If your dealer does not keep them write us and we will 
ace that \ou get them either through some 
dealer In your iovra or from us direct. We will 
also send vou a very interesting catalogue 

{)rofaaely llluatrated, which descri)>es the mak- 
ng of Kubber Boots and .Shoes from the gath« 
ering ot the rubber to the finished goods. 


60 Bridte Street. LAMBERTVILLE. N.J. 



A n artaal tMrt jf a 9-ineh 

Krle '•111 fr<sa #i«*«l'- of 
ttiillarkakla fWK>l. NoM 
th^ flutiniyanilitrvnfRh 

Onl'- tlifi »»»» RiihWr 
will nand s int like thi*. 

W'pifLiof buraaUaw^ 
lioitw. ^ 




Thk practical KARIvIER 


January 10, 1903. 

The Home Circle. 

~Ect)tf.| l.y V.lma (hM.vcOI MpIvIIIp. smi I'ruirt^ 
WlH. to wliniii all roinniUMJriitions rfUiUve lo tuw 
dep:i"rtnii'iit slimilil !«■ iKMrmwd. 

Editorial Chat. 

Whllt' we (Id not lake niiK h stock in tlu' 
oft »'X<ii4in(iil over a ■iiiuil iIok." we tlo 
kuow iliai siKli a tlilii« as li.v(lii)|»hol)ia <'x- 
ixiK : mid In "asc it is only a scare, no harm 
cuiilcl come of i.aslliiK tile foliowinj? In ones 
note l)(.ok and trying' It : -'liike Immediately 
warm vlnecar or tepid water and wash the 
wound very clean; ilien dry il and ponr upon 
the wound a few drops of miirlatle add. 
Mineral acids di'stroy the i»olson of the saliva 
and Its evil elTecis are neutrall/ed." 

• ••»•••• 

Kllon Kinney. Urockpnrt. N. Y.. wishes us 
to announce to those who so kindly furnished 
material for a name i|ullt that she has It 
done and her mother has quilted It. The 
poor >:lrl is very hapi'.'^' «ver It. and extremely 
thankful to all who donated piecos. thread, 
money, etc. She never tires In her gratllude 
for what ih«' II. «". has done for her. 

lilled with a fon e pump or carried in pall.s. j 
I'he fuel l)ox is made In the wall near the 
stove and exten<ls out in the wood 8hed or 
coal bin. Inick of the kit<lien. as shown hy 

I marriaKe Is cominB to he considered a busl- hIIh should be a little hljiher than the stove : 
iness contra.t rathe,- than a holy sacrament, j and fastened securely to the wall. It can be; 
■ i; due more than half the heartache In llie 

world of womanhood, and we women who live 

In loving and happy homes are not altogether 

Innocent. I'.y the very virtue of our happl- 

jiess In home an<l ioy"' husband, we are our 

sisters' keepers. It Is an ai)pallinK fact that 

divorces in the I'nlted States are Increasing 

three times us rapidly as the population. If 

that ratio continues, by the close of the 

twentieth century. sei)aratlons hy death will 

1). fewer than separations by discord. There- 
fore let us not ncKlecl while we surround 

these little ones with an atmo.sjjheie of 

purity, to establish a hinher standard In their 

hearts. Let us say to our sons as we do to 

our daughters. There Is but one and the 

same standard of morality for the man and 

the woman.' one more responsibility we hold 

tor the future citizen which often we fall to the dotted lines. It Is filled rlRht from th< 

n-coKul/e. What Is Ibis luxurious age In | outside, so there Is no carrying wood or coal 

V lilch we live K'>inK to leave him for his through the kitchen. It has a cover with 

heritage, and how far are we responsible for | hinges and always looks neat. It Is the 

If/ Women cannot stand aside in this day i 

of commercialism and money getting, and | 

say : We have no part In it." Men are beside | 

ti:emselves with tlie immey-madness. Hut i 

why'/ Is It always for mere love of money'/ 

I do not believe it. <io home today to your | 

w age earner — your bread winner— and say : 
I am going to live more simply. I am going j 

(!■ be happier with less show and more com- ! 

f.;rt. I would tar rather have your com- ' 

"If you've had a kindness shown, 

I'ass II oil : 
It was not meant for you alone." 

And so It seemed to us. us the words of 
Mrs Robert I'.urdette. who spoke before the 
Woman's Club of Madison recently, sank Into I'anionship than .vour money.' Say that, and 
our heart, surdv we .utght io pass them on. live that, and see how many more hours an 
.Many of you linve heard, or will hear her I iniandpated man. glad to be rid of some of 
speech eiiillleil •I'liity and Klversity." but 


A pity to see pale girls stay 
pale and dull when it is so easy 
to get Scott's Emulsion. 

One of the best things 
Scott's Emulsion does is to 
give rich blood to pale girls. 

The result of regular doses 
of Scott's Emulsion is an in- 
crease not only in the red 
color of the blood and in the 
appetite bui in the good looks 
and bright maoncrs which 
are the real charm of per- 
fect health. 

Send for Free Sample. 
SCOTT & BOWNE, Chemists, 4og Pearl St., N. T, 



many more will not. and one might hear it 
ninny tlm<s and not then have mined Its entire 
wealth. We can (piole but brIeUy, but enough 
II seems to us. to give to the world lUir 
creed; to win uH good v\i>iuen to club organl 
•/.atlon. and to silence forever the critic And 
remember this Is no idle talk ; everywhere 
good w<irk is being done, work that speaks 
for itself. There Is no town so small, no 
ndghborli' od so thinly settled, but n club 

Wouhl be a verll.lble Codselid. each Working 

out Its own destiny In the jdace where It Is 
planted. .Mrs. Iturdette says: "I would that 
there were a new Handel to create a new 
Messiah of thanksgiving that 'unto you a <lub 
was horn.' The women's organizations are a 
living factor of the world's progress of to-day. 
The movement dates fniin the close of the 
rebellion when the blacks were emancipated 
and elven sunra'.;e. hut women were ibbarred. 
From the woninn's sulTrage movement devi-l- 
oped the woman's club. .\t lirst It was <on- 
sideied a fad. The evolution of the 'dub 
Woman's husband' had not yet begun. Ilut 
lo : a great aiiiiy of organl/.e<I women has 
been merged into an altruistic body, not 
alone In our own lountry. but In lamis gov- 
erned by emperors and kings. The value of 
dub life to the individual woman has been 
manifold. .lust as the babe develops Its age 
by discovering the use and purpose of little 
hands and feit and other members of the 
body, so the <lub woman diseovers her true 
pelf by Intenourse with intelligent women. 
She has learned to know herself, her weak- 
nesses, and by broacb'r culture to Increase 
the drcumfereu'e of her circle. 

"We have not always comprehended what 
our lives are for. the great posslhlilties and 
opportunities before ns. \ woman's Inllu- 
enre Is as greai as her lntelllgen<'e and 
through the broadening tendency of this club 
life she becomes a better companion to her 
children and n ih»ser comrade to her hus- 
band. No woman has any right to undertake 
any work that iloes not emanate from the 
home and return to the home. I would 
sound the liugle <all of this great organiza- 
tion, and declare that tJod has committed to 
our keeping the rare of our future citizen. 
First, those In our homes, then those In less 
favored homes then the little white slaves — 
the clilM wage earners in fuctories and mills. 
This work been done and will continue 
to be done through better home conditions; 
through edu(atlonal Influences, by the estab- 
lishment of kindi rgartens and manual train- 
ing, anil domestic science schools; by more 
attractive and sanitary school buildings, 
through Industrial schools, through the estab- 
lishment ol juvenile courts, through all that 
tends to make the future citizen a law abid- 
ing. Industrious human being. And because 
there Is so uiui h to he done for the citizen 
of the future that can l)e reached only through 
public sentiment promulgated by a moral 
atmosphere which cannot be established by 
the reading of pai>ers nor created by resolu- 
lullons. yet through all the dlversllled Indi- 
viduality of womanhood everywhere, there 
can be a unity of personal standard that shall 
say to the world. The women who wear this 
badge stand llrst of all for the sncredness of 
true womanhood.' It shall say. that with 
all of our womanly powers we will demand 
and urge the more sacred holding of the mar 
riage tie. that It may not be so lightly as- 
sumed, nor so easily broken. To the fact 
that In the growing spirit of comiaerdalUm, 

the worry and strain of business, will spend 

with yourself and the children. Last year jmndlest fuel box I know of. Now I hope all 

<;i'.". men In business life went astray, fled 
from the home and fell Into the hands of the 
law, as embezzlers, robbing employers and 
business associates of twenty-live millions of 
dollars, stealing to keep up expensive homes, 
and keep the wife and daughters In 'good 
society' : '»;ood society' with a wife In the 
social swim and a husband In the peniten- 
tiary I Tills mammon worship I 

"I was asked once what thought I could 

the ladles who read this will keep harping 
at It until they gel these conveniences. 
Mclliiirif ('«.. ^"• 

Our Book Table. 

It Is evident that the author of "The 

Master" I'.oi only carefully laid his plot, but 

became himself thoroughly accjualnted with 

eai li character before introducing him or her 

give that would hi- the most helpful to women. ; ,^j ,,,p ,,,,1^11,.. and the manner in which each 

.My answer was that they should have the ^^ K„stalned throughout makes It. In diction 

courage to live simply. Oh. women <>' alone, a masteri.lece. Indeed. If our opinion 

America. If we should do nothing than ,,,,,,,^ j.^,,. .,„gi,t /angwlll himself Is the 

live simply, and teach the c<)nilng citizen that 
he had better be pure and purer, that man- 
hood Is worth more than uKJiieyhood. all the 
world would rejoice that, like Fsther. the 
beautiful and womanly, 'we had come to the 
kingdom for sui li a time as this'— for the 
enlargement and ddiverani-e of our peojile. 

"Men will not say — you dare not say — 
these are unwomanly ambitions' for a .feder- 
ation of 7r>(t.()»H» w<mien. They are not 'am- 
bitions;' they are aspirations— Inspirations. 
This. then, we say for this great allied move- 
ment of womanhood throughout the world — 
the one grand, unifying thought that throbs 
like the miglKy heart In a body of many 
members Is this - Ikmiic keejdng and child 
hi oil. I say to you this organization that 
girdles the glob' with noble and Inspiring piir- 
I)oses. has been. Is. and will b." a jicrslstent. 
righteous, powerful factor In the world's evo- 
lution, because Its linai h< art motive Is the 
true exponent of wiunaii's divine gift' of 

homekeeplng and motherhood. " 

• ••••*•* 

To the sister who asks If mo»»i «/<■ phimi>i 
are permls^able. we reply, certainly. If your 
true name Is endosi-d for our benellt. 

In the Kitchen. 

Mus. i.i^:k UtluVCR. 

Water and fuel are the two principal artl 
«les In the kitchen. To have them handy 
and convenient saves nearly one half the 
Ir.bor. The emiosed II I list lat ion nearly ex- 
plains Itself. The water tank Is made of gal- 
vanlz<>d Iron to hold 1.'> or 'JO gallons, and has 
a spigot at the bottom on which Is fitted a 
short piece of rubber hose. The teakettle, or 
anything else on the stove, can be quickly 
and easily filled without spilling any on the 
stove or floor. The shelf on which the tank 

master painter, albeit he wields a pen In- 
stead of a brush. Nowhere Is this artistic 
talent more In evidence than In the lengthy 
conversations whhii. conducted by almost 
anyone el>c. would be prolix. lie has the 
rare gift of being himself each man. woman 
and chilfl that peoples his pages. lie Is as 
recognizable In Tommy, the Indian lad. as 
In Mavld Strang, the drowned sailor, and, 
speaking ol the latter, it Is a trait of a 
great aullior to side tra<k. and. in a few 
brief jiages. expose the real man in contradis- 
tinction to the man as he appeared. Those 
who have read "The Master" must have noted 
this glimpse of the inner man In the second 

chapter, where .Matt and his father were 
<aught by the tide while out fishing. Then 
and there Matt and the reader see and know 
the real I'avld Strang. 

Then again, the author masquerades as 
Mrs, Strang, good hearted, loyal to husband 
and child, while her lips are uttering mad 
maledictions and threatening carelessly to 
"throw up the posltiim. " I'erhaps in pass- 
ing we may note that humble Abner I'reep 
Is one of tiod's noblemen. Then there Is 
cripple Hilly — who has not known just such 
people. A soul wrecked by a maimed body. 
Hut of course the hero, the great character. 
Is Matthew Strang. Jr. — Matt, whom we 
meet lirst vainly trying to comfort Hilly and 
appease his angry mother that first cold 
Nova Scotia night ; Matt with his mania for 
daubing the pictures In the big Hlble and 
drawing charcoal sketches of everybody and 
everything ; Matt, with his strange mixture 

Right or wrong 
chimney makes 
or unmakes a 



My name on every " right " one. 

If you'll send your addres-s, I'll send you 
'^r*. Index to Lamps and their Chimneys, to 
tell you what number to get for your lamp. 

' Macbeth, Pittsburgh. 

The "1900" Ball-Bearing 



without deposit or advance pay- 
ment of any kind, frelRht paid 
both wuys.on 3(> days' trial. Un- 
questlimably greatest family 
liitjorsaverever Invented. .Saves 
tliiie,expeii«eand wearandtear. 
Will do the family waHhliiK) 
witliout bollInK clothes. Imml- 
BcriiljIiliiB or buck breaking. 
Revolves on l)lcycle (Ntll bear- 
ings and Is therefore easiest 
running washer ever made. 
Will do two hours' washing hi 
ten minutes. 

Washes collars and cuflTs. laces and the most delicate 
materluin perfectly clean and posUlvely wttbout tear- 
ing ihero or wearing out a sliujle thread. It will wash 
blankets, bed surends and the heaviest clothes Just as 
eiislly and thorouKhly. Clothes are torn and worn out 
more i.y wastilxiarils and out-of-date hard rubbing 
washers than they are by use. The Raving In soap, 
coal and wear aud tear of clothes will pay for macblna 
In a short time. 


fIJtOO.OO will hv paid ir thU letter U >at 

Kanha* Citv. U<>.. 
Uij' U. l»». 

I havf riT^n Tour wuh«r * ftir Iri«l. tt 
in the l)t-«t WK.her 1 ever ^hw. It hlw «iiithi.d 
our bril*7 bliiakrt« wMh rMM.. 1 wash.*)! 
them iKt ipriuK >n<) rublxvl niotv iliau an 
bour. Rud rfi lh«>' hail u> go through .'.(«in, 
but the "two ' W»»hfrcl''«iied Ihsm tboro- 
u)ihl>- clran. H> iloour wukln. *rrjr qMlek 
•Dd bii%r MO tired ..d ttorn-oiit frrlliiit .« of 
old. UKS. J. I.. HANNKK. tSU'J Tru<j.t Art. 

Rt-mnnh.r— Vou t«l». «b«oliitelr no rUU. Inriir no 
expt-nne or obilfstlon whatrtfr. Th<- Waalicr la afnt 
by ua on HO' trial. frt-lKht prrnalil coming and 
siilnK. and poalilvely without any aavance or dvp».lt 
•fanj hind. 

THE "looo" WASHER CO., 

as r. state Htr«*t. BINOHAMTON. N. T 

Write for free booklet telling attont the 

JAS. BOSS Stiffened Gold WATCH CASE 

TheKeyatoae Watch CaM Co., Philadelphia. 


■old fur 1*811 or o. MONTHLY PA VXEXTS 

Your money refunde<l aft«r 
nIx niohthH' trial If 

Clapp's Ideal Steel Range 

In not .V) per cent, to KK) per 

cent. tM-tter than you can 

buy elsewhere. My 

superior location on 

Lake Krie, where 

Iron, ateel. coal, 

frelKhtx und ok Died 

lalHir are the clieap. 

eat and tycM. enat)le(i 

me to tiirnlMh a Top 

Notch steel ItanKe at • 

clean aavlnRof f inio|20, 

qiiiiiily con>«ldere<l. 

Freight pnid eattt of 

Mliwlsnippi and north of Tenneneee. Hend for free 

natalocnen ot all styles and 8l7.e8, with or without 

reeervolr. for city, town or country use. 

CHESTER D. CLAPP. 685 Sumtnit St., Toledo, 0. 

^Praetlcal Htov. and Ransa Man) 

If You Value Comfort :' I 

ilt< rttliDic. you Rlinitiil itecure 
Lehman Carria^r and Wa«o. 

Hft.-r. Th,'\ f 7c. flav to ttfat. Writ*, for partirtilar.. 

i LEHMAN bROH., .Mann fart Brera, 10 B«b4 HU, S. T. 

M- Waatf I •<IIa« '" <'»('h town lo aend for our 

WS if fllll LaHlvS rrf>«, catalOKo* of atoves, 

■ewlnd machines and reirli^eratorn. :«i ilay» free trial. 

i. A.T.ia«a C, M Lab* Hirrrl, Dopt 0I«, fhlMf., Hi. 

to taki- ctiarfrof th#» diitribut- 
inc or nanii.lrf of a OROCKKY 
BPKCIAI.TV and callrrtlDc. fit wrrklf aad n|i«ard, accnrdinii 
to ability and looalltj. K. B. Co., tiaz 78S, New Verk. 

Men and Women Wanted 

mCliniD O OR """' '*<'"<* money. 
■ 9UUHn« «£i9Ui Write for p:irliculartl. 
K.OIII. UKU**.' ro.. Inc.. 

4V>4» W. I^ake Mt.. 1:IiIcmco. III. 

Mfury Vflll WAMT * elothea wringer write 
WnCR lUU W Hn I to tli" Amkhk anWki.nmkr 
Co., Nkw York. They make the best. Aak lor their 
catalo(n>e and prices. 



Tnniiary 10, 1903. 

Thb PRACTicyis.iv Farmer 



"^Knd MOOTS 

Rybbar aad W*«l« Aratloa. and itubbcr nIiom. 

c.t child and man mlnrt ; Matt, with his In- 
tense luUiiinK to Miireiiil his wings and tly 
away, yet stubborn adherence to duty and 
honor as he saw It ; Matt amid his brief suc- 
cesses and tedious reverscH ; the double Matt 
who went through life as jiure as a child 
and yet forever surrounded, and ofttlmes 
dallying with sin In every form ; Matt, the 
hiwhnnd cf Uosina and the ardent lover of 
some Ideal woman — this ideal personitied for 
one brief space of time by Kleanor Wynd- 
wood : Matt, the Intruder in his wife's cab- 
bage befouled kitchen and Matt the Idol of a 
London drawing room, the lion of the art 
academies, and Matt the final grand master 
of art, but Intlnltely grander master of self. 
And Uosina, poor Uosina ! While we have 
felt righ'.'tously Indignant at her one moment 
we have pitied her the next, and. Indeed, 
we should not blame her — she was as true 
to her Ideals as her husband to his, and 
then she did not know the Inner .Matthew 
Strang as the reader is permitted to know 
him. Hut hers Is, in some respects, a beau- 
tiful character — and how like a woman to 
chide him with neglect and meet him with 
coldness, while her letters to the old Nova 
Scotia home .were full of his praise, and her 
little child said she could not sleep nights he- 
cause mamma cried so. (i, the pathos of It 
all from that first ley night, in the little 
clearing h«me near C'obequld village, to the 
hour when our hero quit Paris, after his 
meeting with his childhood love. Ruth 
Ilalley. a id his terrible battle with himself '. 
And It was a terrible battle in which gilded 
wrong and homely right stood face to face: 
when a mad tnfatuaiitm and dull duty fought 
for suiiremacy : where three banners seeinetl 
waving before him : on one the faded, fretful 
face of hl< wife; on another the fascinating 
one of E'eanor Wyndwood. with her soul 
thrilling eyes, as she said: 

'•(.'ojne for me next Sunday night at seven 
.—you will take me to dinner somewhere 
quiet, In this great free I'aris. Aud then — 
then we can talk over the future." 

On the third, and between the others, as 
It were, was the sweet, womanly countenance 
of Uuth Ilalley. and she was saying: 

"How proud your wife is of you. What a 
good woman she must be." And then again : 
•••(ioodbye. dear Matt. God bless you I" 

And th" outcome? 

He writes a farewell to Eleanor; he goes 
home to the sulky Uosina ; he gives up 
society : he Intended to give up art. lie did 
give lip bis grand studio ; but, quoting from 
the book : "From the glooms and trials of the 
dally routine In this prosaic home, with Its 
faithful but nnrrow-souled mistress, who 
knew not what was passing In her husband's 
mind, nor at what cost he made her happy, 
and who would not even agree to live in some 
beautiful country sptit which would have 
softened life for him — from this depressing 
household, with Its unsprightly children. Its 
cheerless pensioner, Its querulous cripple re- 
senting the very hand that fed him, he es- 
caped to the little whitewashed studio to 
find In his art oblivion of the burdens of life. 
Solitary, .'•llent. sorrowful, strong; not chat- 
tering about his Ideas and alms ; Indifferent 
to fame or the voice of posterity, striving 
for self a;iprobatlon and rarely obtaining It, 
touching aud retouching, breaking the rules 
of the school in obedience to his own genius, 
be tolled on In his humble studio, seeking 
the highest, with no man or woman to in- 
spire, encourage or praise. He had been 
saved from love and happiness, and sent 
back Into sympathy with all that works and 
suffers. • • • • And yet his life Is not all 
i::.lmppy -work Is his anod.vne. and there Is 
an Inner pcate In the dally pain, because It 
is the pain that his soul has chosen, In will- 
ing slavery to his own yoke." 

And men call him "The Master." 

In a private letter an old editor and pub- 
lisher once wrote ns : "Kvery acceptable 
story either leaves a pleasant Impression or 
teaches a lesson." 

"The Master" certainly doeg not leave an 
ImpreHMto) nitogefher pleasing. There Is too 
much shauow in the weaving; too much 
heartache, failure and reality. Hut there are 
lessons. IcsKons. All this the thought of the 
synipothetic reader, but there is aiiothtM' 
view, the view taken by the — as Znngwlll 
would put It-'brutal critic,' who, with 
much Justice might complain that the tale 
Is too lona; hy one-fourth, and that ofttlmes 
the meaning is smotliered In words; that the 
sentences are so long and complex as to 
drive Murray. Swinton and all the other 
grammarions to desperation ; that there are 
so many more bad than good people — polite- 
ly had. that Is — and that In the whole story 
there U Uv>t one hai)py marriage and homelike 
home, unless we may except Abner and 
Harriet I'roep's. We know nothing of the 
personal history of the author, but one Is 
almost unconsciously led to suspect that 
either his childhood or manhood home was 
not tlie id^i place, and that thi.s fact colored 
his delineations of other bearthstt^nei. Cer- 
tain It Is that 111 assorted marrtaga was the 

curse of "The Master's" life from beginning 
to end; and yet the spirit of the old Scotch 
Presbyterian ancestors made wedlock binding, 
and forbade that "what (Jod had Joined to 
gether" man should put asunder. It is a 
j)oor book, however, that provokes no ad- 
verse criticism, aud then, you know, the 
hired critic of today, like the hired mourner 
of old, must do his part whether ho feels 
like it or not. One lliiuL' Is sure, everyone 
must read a Ixiok for himself if he la to really 
know anything about It. for the critic Is 
human and when you have reail hla report 
you only kuow how the sttiry looked to 
him through his glasses. ".Many men of many 
minds," you kuow. 

-. ^-»^ 

Fashion Fancies. 

The qii.intlty of material retpilred for the 
medium size Is 4'i yards 'Jl Inches wide. 2 
yards 44 Inches wide or 1','4 yards Trj Inches 

4277 Blouie Jacket* 
32 to 40 bust. 

wide. The pattern, 4'_'?7. Is cut In sizes for 
a li'2, .14. 30. ;{S and 40 Inch bust measure, 
and may be had for ten cents from The Farm- 
er Co., .Market tc 18th Sts., Philadelphia. 


Mr.s. James -Wyckoff. Farmer, Seneca Co.. 
New York, writes: I see In the H. C. cor- 
respondence that Mrs. Dornblazer has found 
her two brothers aud I am wondering If the 
r(>aderM can help me find mine. About 
twenty-tlve years ago 1 had a letter from 
the oldest one. He was then In .Vshtabula, 
Ohio. He was Inclined to be a little wild, 
but I trust, If he Is living, tliut time has 
remedied this. Our mother died when we 
were all small. Think of leaving eleven help- 
less children I She tiled praying Ood to care 
for tis and keep us from sin. 'I'lils br.)ther's 
name was <;eorge Wtjodel. Tl!e other one, 
NVllllam Wooilel, I heard from ahoiit HI yi-ars 
ago. He hail bought a farm — all wood land — 
.III Miclii!.'an. and at the time was talking 
of buying a milk route In Chicago. I have 
never heard from him since. I should be 
most grateful to learn of their whereabouts. 

I We sincerely hone that the resiilts in this 
case may be as happy as In the other. ^Kn.) 

Ktta J5yrd. I'nrlna, III., writes: Why can 
we not tliink less of the cares ami worries 
of life anil more of the pleasures we have 
and those we might ciiJoyV We feel that to- 
day we have too much lo do to think of any 
thing but work, but some other time next 
week, perhaps, or next year— we may have 
more time to enjoy life. Hut as the weeks t (»me 
and go we lliiil so much to do that we miss 
many simple pleasures which we might enjoy. 
While we liiwl happlnoHS In being busy and 
useful, let IIS also make our surroundings as 
comfortable and beautiful as poHsihle. It 
takes but very little time or expense to culti- 
vate flowers, either In the garden In Summer 
<»r In the house In Wint»'r. ami they add so 
much to the attrai tlveness of a hone. We. 
In our home, find thai a pair of canary birds, 
given to IIS a few months ago. ailds much t<> 
oiir enjoyment ot life antl It requires only 
a few minutes eat h day to <are for them. 
If yon cannot afford to furnish all the books. 
inaga/.ines and papers the fainlly wish to 
read, combine with your neighbors. sev- 
eral families join together, each supplying 
themselves with certain books and pajiers. 
which are to be loaned to each other family. 
Provide the young folks with plentv of good 
literature. musl<- and games. Let th>':n have 
a (ileasaiit room at hi>me where they can en- 
tertain their frieiiils. het them earn spell- 
ing money siilllcient for their needs. When 
idd enough let them earn enough to meet all 
their expenses, niitl so learn to use money 
wisely. It Is said that "The only way to 
reall/e our Ideal Is by Idealising the real." 
so whv should wt> not enjoy our surroundings 
and circumstances to the fullest extent, and 
surround ourselves with as much Innocent 
pleasure as posKll>lt>'y One of the greatest 
pleasures comes fi'om giving pleasure to 
other people; this Is one way to add to our 
own happiness. 

Mrs. O. J. Olson, Toiigaloo. Miss., writes: 
In the bottom of our trunk Is a box, the 
ctmteiits of which are most iirecious. The 
memory of each article blntls us to the happy 
iia^;!. How ninny tinier Imve we opened tne 
box and STieiit niany haopy moments dream- 
ing over these things. We remove the cover; 
on top lie Htinie lnvltatli>r.s n> girl parties, 
and aomt school girl notes. Thea comas a 

kid glove, once spotless white, now vellow 
with age. We recall the party we boughl the 
pair for, but we have only one; where Is the 
other'/ Next comes a little dry bum h of 
flowers. When were they worn, where, antj 
who sent them'y We are sure, as we look at 
them, they tell us a sweet story. .Now fol- 
lows some letters written bv father, mother 
or sister, who have passed to that oilier 
world. Some from lover, now liiiKhaiid. 
These we reail over and over a«aln, as If we 
loiild never learn their contents, and each 
time We read them they seem new. Here are 
some faded roses we carried on our wedding 
day. What Is in that white paper'/ "vVe 
open It and behold a beautiful curl cut from 
the head of our boy. now a broad shouldered 
man. Here, also. Is a tiny printed letter 
and a doll's di-ess made by her whom we call 
"daughter." Next comes a pretty baby 
dress, a little half worn shoe, some' broken 
Jewelry, all of no value, but who would part 
with these treasures'.' They, togethtr with 
the memories they arouse, are to us the 
wealth of the world. 

Walpole Xockolds, Oakley, Texas, writes : 
In reading my P. F. of Dec. flth. I nothe the 
tall for experiences, so will give some of 
mine. We made up several bushels of toma- 
toes this Fall, anil ns frosr threatened we 
pulled a good many green ones ami cttoked 
up a fine lot of preserves In this way. Weigh 
fruit, then take one-half pound of sugar for 
eaih pound of fruit. Make a syrup bv adding 
water and stirring till sugar Is melteil. Then 
while syrup bolls, wash tomatoes and when 
It boils clear put them In. a few at a time, 
so IIS not to stop them boiling too much. 
Then cook (not too fasti until dono. You 
can use any sfihcs or flavor desired. An- 
other way In whl< h we enjoy tomatoes Is 
as fo'lows : We slice or cut them In small 
pieces, say six or eight ripe ones, slice tw<» 
gooti sized onions, several green peppers and 
cook In frying pan with lard or oil. say three 
tablespoonfuls. After cooking several min- 
utes add some t'lilll powders and salt. i>er- 
haps a tablesiioiiuful of the powtlers and a 
teaspoon t>f salt. Cook all slowly till done. 
and you'll have what I call a vegetable chill. 
I bought an Incubator I IDo-i^cgi ami a 
lOti-chlck brooder last Spring the only ones 
within miles of here, and made two hatches. 
i hiitcheil 1:12 chicks and raised over 100 

of them. I did not feetl the chicks till the 

lirst hatched ones were three days old. then 

I put millet seed autl rolled oats In a pile of 

dry sand ami maile the little fellows scratch 

It out. 'i'liey soon learm-d und scratched 

like old hens. I jiavc them all the grit aud 

water tii»v needed. After they were two 

Weeks old I bewail lt> feed lliciu iracked corn 

ami wheat. I feil them little and often and 

they grew nicely. I have Just got some 

thoroiighbreil H. P. Kocks : two roosters and 

I live hens and five pullets They are the first 

I ever l)roughi into tliLt loiiiil.v. and everyone 

ailinlres them. They an- so large, and "with 

I their pretty markings and yellow legs, they 

I make a pretty jibiure. I have sold off most 

<if my s.riil>s. keeping a few of the most 

: motherly Inns for sltiers. Have five acres 

j of sandy land, which 1 am grailiially Improv- 

I Ing according t» J'. F. methods ; also manage 

a small general merchandise business aud 

am postmaster. 

I Hope to hear from you again. — Ed.] 

Y. P. Cook Book. 

Cora T.. Ul< hards. I'arleton. Mich., writes 
and tells how to make bread. Take a com- 
mon yeast cake, sosk one hour In one pint 
hike warm water: then stir In two teaspoon- 
fills siftetl flour, one of sugar and one-half 
of a tea4i>oonful <>f salt and let rise. Boll 
three large potatoes until done, then remove 
from the stove ami mash very fine; add thre« 
and a half cpiarts of luke warm water ; add 
the yeast and two tablespoonfuls of sugar 
and one of salt ; let set over night. F'arly la 
the niornln;j mix this Into enough flour to 
make stiff (do not spongei. When light 
knead down ; let rise again ond knead again. 
Then let rise again and mould Into loavea. 
I>o not add any flour, but grease your hand 
with but lei. This Is enough for six good 
8l«ed loaves and makes It very nice. I)o not 
mix on board. I am eleven years old. 

(No, Cora, to your query. — Ed,] 


There is abaolutely no wear in any of the other ingre- 
dients of which they are composed. Every time iho 
quality of Rubber BcK)t8 and Shoes is reduced 10 per cent., 
tnedurability is reduced over 20 percent, because there is 
onlv one way to cheapen them, and that is to leave out 
RiibJier and put in its place other things that have no 
wearing quality whatever. This cheapeiiiug process bftS 
been steadily going on (or the paat 40 years. 



«ro nin4l«> <»l r«>/»l nilthcr-unil ott«' piilr of (hpm 
Mill out w «^r (H o tmlraiuf lh«> Hlandard tinti KradPM 
now on the markot. Try a pair and be convinced. 
Made in Duck Uoots, Duck rolled edge Overs for Kocks, 
and Felt Boots and in Arctics and light rubber shoes. 
iHNNt on KPttlnir the Bl ('KSKI.>i HIU.VU. >one gen- 
uine without the word KKkSKn on the top front of 
the Irn of the bimtii and the ImttoniN of the shneii. 
If your dealer does not keep them write us antl we will 
see that you get them either through soni« 
dealer in your to^vn or from us direct. We will 
aNo iKnd vcu a very interesting catalogue 
profuiely illustrated, which describes the mak- 
ing of Rubber Boots and Hhoes from the gath> 
eringof the rubber to the finished goods. 


60 Bridfe Street, LAMBERT VILIE, N.J. 






A n artnsi test of a 9-ineh 
strip etu trtTm WW •el'" of 
the ilurliiiklii rtool. No<« 
tliv r-lMtirltTurxlttrvnath 

Onlv ttM bmt Ruhher 
will «'»nil » trit like this. 

Weight of bur Mkl twiug 



Our Experience Pool 

"Experience la the best teacher." This Kxperlence 

Pool will hf tt we.kly Farmer's I nstltlute for the ex- 
change of pruitlctti ideas by practical farniers. We 
want theui to give their experience, as w.ll aH HiiBgest 
topics fur future dlscuHslon. We publish this d.-purt- 
nient so that all may have the U-nellt of the tanKihle, 
pnutl.ul exixrlence of others on every subject per- 
tairiliiK to thf farm. I,et all contribute. A cash prize 
of :*} cents will l.e jmi.! for the h<-nt contribution, 25 
cents for each other contribution published. The only 
onditlou la that you are a yearly sutjHcrlljer to the 
l>a|«'r. Write on one side of paper only. On upper 
'eft hand corner murk plainly the numljer of the topic 
.V"u write ulM.iit. Articles on all topics must Ije In our 
hands at least three weeks Udore publication. Uo not 
•<>rtc>t to su^'jjest uhead topics for discussion. Address' 
all communications lu 'lut Kt>iTuK, Box a*i, Ualelgh 
N. C. 


The Fractical P^armer 

lof.jc .No ;,..«. Jau. L'4. - - ^\■hat J/urt You 

If"'!" ,'.'"' """ •I''"'' Eionomkal Hootinu 
A/all rial fur Ja,m UuiUUiiUH* 

Topic \o. :,:,-, Jan. -M.—rur Ladies Only.— 

J'<inl.stn\\,nl,r. Uliut ion Grow and 
lion- \(jH Tnut Thim. 

Uioodtr </o \oii Luc for huiibutor VliUkaf 

^'l;!x/ /)';/; ■'■'u- '■'"''• 1 •»•-//'>/*; An' h^annn-H' 
ni. I (v -^'i'>!""'-'J '" »■""'■ SrrtioH, and in 
What \\„i, ,l„ \„u Think Tin,, ran br 

runurr^i "' "'"'' ■^'"" ^/<'/'/"' '" "'t' 

la, 'v.. .',"""', '"^■f'^'ll. What lurirty 
Munufiv thr (:,„„ f,„„^ ,y,„,., ,,^ FiiiinhT 
Topic So. r.iJl. Keh. •JH.—j/arr You Adoptvd 

^"»:|'' ,^'';; ,"'"-. l.^linrc Yon ItaUrd 
(Jood Cain, Mi,„o„t Milkr IfZ llout 

ao(,!c \o. .'-,,;;{. March ^^.--\v^,„t Vu,i,tl,» 
aJ'l'r. ";'",""' ^•"""" Uo.t plontal', 
1/ aI/;'' ",' ^"". ''"'"""' "'"' I'uek for 

«/'/</ ''"'■•-■ ^'"""^ '^''"•* '''■'" i'>ont. 

then they would leave the grass and hunt the 
sprouts, which never got a start at all. I de- 
cluie I never witne.s.sed so comiilete a de- 
Ktiiictlon of anything, bh those souls never 
let a sluKle Htuiii]) spioiii up. and there was 
oak, live ouk, Simuish oak, madrona and youuir 
ui.vitle. which me all very hard to kill es- 
jiecially the live oak, Spanish oak "and 
iiadroiia, which my California friends will 

™ "^.Ti Tm'".- '*"' "'Vy kilK'd them all and 
wiie all killed pruclically at the end of the 
llilrd year, i bouKht seven or ei^ht to start 
Willi, and as I g„i more land i4dy the li- 
jrease of the Hock was sulliclent for my 
Iheir fleece, or mohair, should be cIlpDed 
every Spring same as sheep, us it heli/s to 
keep them healthy an<l is valuable the saine 

shed or stable diirinj? storms and bad weather 
1 will take AnK<jias for sprouters every time' 
Ihey are certaiulv a success. Some milk 
hem and eat tliefr over supply. The hide 
is valuable for ru^s or lobe.s. 

W. H. Shank.s, Stanford. Kv Mv eTn..ii 

Z'i%7^\^ ^»K'"" K''"<s is a v.^v llt^'^tedTne" 
hut it Is an e.\perlence nevertiieless an.l .i' 
liappy one. I have had then, for tw< 
or more and they .ertalnly ro for al ^ i" s 

olly'■"?hln^^'.""• r" '"^•'^■<'«"y l>rla.s. 'K 
uiL. .^ .M'**> ^« ""t «»'<'in to love is 

hickory sluubbeiy. They will not eat It f 
they .an lind anythiuK else. Anvone c-.n 
see by followluK them at^ Imif^ ,f the 
woods tliut they are tilth cons me.s(;rass 

hey w 11 eat and do well on, biit I do i^o? 

hluk they prefer It. They are very .ollic 

.■••»? 1.. 1.™.!,, <!„,. ,„ „„. „,.,i„E i',',i;'k.?;„ 

January 10, 1903. 

Give these shells a thorough trial, and you will find them to be as 
nearly perfect as experience. Ingenuity, brains and equipment can 
make them. They are made with the Winchester patent corruL^^ 
head which has made Winchester "Leader" and " Rep3 " 
Smokeless Powder Shells so popular and satisfactorv. Winchester 
Factory-Loaded "JV.«. Rival" Shells are thoroughly wateS 
and are loaded by exact machinery with the standard b^nds^f 
powder, shot and wadding which makes them uniform and reliable. 

Shoot Tbem and You'll Shoot Well 

«,, 7 S'^V ',.'"""'; "'"' '" "•'■■■J °° a larra 


a flock f< r 1 .nr . . •* "••'Kiibors lias kept 
...i.v or Krnin. lie ^i.ts an average of three 

Topic No. 654.-Angrora Goats. Give 
Your Experience With Them. Have 
They Been Profitable or Not ? Have 
You Used Them in Clearing up Brush 


have K'.ne far .^liMn, I „r ''"*'"' '" '*"*' <'»''>■ 


thov cost me ."in 1. "'7 »:"''' ""■ ^^'^ «" 
"f their in?Tea„e«-." "'"•'«.•, "^"t I I'ave sold 
•-aten %eve,i?nl,r--i •■?'"''"« "'»»" ' '"'ve 
head. As t. Jhei h.Ki,""*', ''"'r A'ty-four 
Hheep /or his o, ,n v"' 'tI""^*''; •»'-» '« 
eooie home ev rv .v ..i. • .^T^ Invariably 
In mv f Li I.. -^ evening Whether they ran»re 

flock • oV'^r."'-'' "'"^"^^ -• woMes^'wTi'le'?.?: 
horn, 'at nl^l'.r' .W:. ","»••";""<'• '•'"'« «' 
Kiveu me no more tini-*;""'' "«• "'"> ''«ve 
«»"'k. I ha v.^ all uVn i'" 'J'"? "">■ «"''-'• 

;.i:Jaall^'v ^v'"-'"-" - -V « 
p"?' ;'.i'^d";::^.,i;,r<i"x,i: i*^" V'^'-^ 

f..^v?;«,n"'stLr •'' ^W "p"•.at^v%r'/n^ 

arilf^ - ' --"^- ^.^' -K, the™ 
llml'er "a"nd"i:r.';;h T*' "T''"'"'-'"?'' . ^^ "ei:^ 
l.urned thev will not n No,.. 'T''" "'""hed and 
I am nsiuK a , „k ,f X,f,';P;<>''t '« »fow. 
BTeH of oak Vt,rout« tL""^"*' *"• **''''^'' 
three rears old whei^i tn^^ i "'"•""'? »"* 

at.. I o r........ II.- Ki'is an averaire of thrpH 

nui node iliroueh »«(,., ' ' """ """ 

«l M.MA1(V. 

„f?f5 .™"<'"P<'n'l''nl» havf ifat,.,! the raw 

.1.'.... ',K'"(.,',;;, ";l;'j„.K„ :. ";:•»•« "■■> ju? 

=; s J'a"d„r;.-^??'.i:;Kf 

he a K.x.d thiuK at all for i. an f,.l.^^ "'** 
aK-ement the iindergrwf h , in im^L.T"": 
nrntter for the futiTre of the forei?^' "il"'}! 

u», ",'„d'T,."'';o,',','d"',ii:,'-';'5 .'i,7';:;'A,„^ 


tr«d. Top Bugglei, |2».75; n.rnei., |8.60. Wriie foi 
c.i.lof ufc Learn how U) buy T.hlcle.\ad part. dlreoL 
WMontJmbreUaFKKE. W. P. BOOB, CUelAiu, a 


ness^LVi '.'n'" ^'*"»'»'' Fit*. Falling Sick. 
«l.!lve« S- V ^"''' ^ ^*"'e«' h«vc children, 
relatives, friends or neighbors that do so. or know 
people that are afflicted, my Ne^ Trealient w°M 
h"em a h".."'""" "«* FERMANENTL? CURB 
^rPRE^B Tr'eatmf^'t^ .0 do Is to cend for 

£dl b? L.n?^'"''.';''"^ everything else failed. 
Will be sent In pUin package absolutely free. 

« . "<*..'"" address. All corrwDondenc^ 
professionally confidentiaL «'rrwjionaeoco 

A^ o. ^i"- WAT. M. O., 

04 Pine Street, Wew York City* 

KOKOMO f*®®!.]?*"'.'" Fencet. 

THRESHERS S{'.^^«:^^'^?i^rMi' 

A Perfect Woien Fence ,^? ■'"'i? '*"* •°«"'' » 


f;;M;;r^j^. .:r;:„V-,r.r'^.?criu. 

WIRE FENCE '5 TV*""- A54-inch 

w. M^teoNVcii.:'B:;."' £?.reearohi.. 




The Eclipse Corn Planter, i"'"".- .k^'ij aij.iHted. 

equal. ItcoDtairiarr«ee"Cv'« wJHtrr\''"''° 
_The Pro.* Wire Pence Co., CleveL.d, O. 

SCALES Sr T.,?-??;; 

a:arr£:^.'^^''s:s.^ venison ,hey will be as 
*''elr meat as she..p. "' 

Ini ^/'Aa?'"""- ""'nmonton. N'. J _in ,n^-i, 
«u^? s^7t'h."v''«::"' ^"•" ••'••"'""»: hruJh laW 


whlrli I ■(■-«■"■.' ' "" """ "'♦'" '"trned, after 

x.wV.:! r,;,..'T.rra';f, rsr:e;:r":h?';^""^- ' 
re^r"";!urrrt,f":i' •:'"""'^ "- tw':n"«!'i uT 

in feeding for milk are 
obtained by adding some 



to balance the ration. 

Sample and booklet 

''Feed Your Stock for 
Best Results.*' 

Sent free. Write to^ay. 
Address Department O 

The Rooktry. Chicago, m. 


Cured Free 

A wonderful home remedy tfiat nnickly cure* Catkrrk 
where tl.« mucus dnipB <l.,wn tL thr\.*t and lu^T? 
alckeninK the atoraach and cauVintr bid (.r^.th^S 
man, ,n»ea«.^nrlud.„,,tro1,. The uw'l'l^ 



N'XM-rl..,,,. n..<-ei«ary 7, lay I? xk 
onl nary h.mmer or if.U-het ^hlonl? 

either flat. onmiifaK-d or "V rrlmr,^ 


tt«*60 HOUSE Muzim CO.. w. asu'^iMi, ;«,,,.. chian 


Thrffrmmrr Engine \a -. _^ _ 

theAI|.|)av|)itrK.-ron ^' DniifCD 

It IS enmiy nioved " 

anywiiere; *o built It 

'•an Iw qul.kly «t. 

fa''hPd (liriMt or by ^___ 

tx'Uto.inyiii.'K'^ine- fH V9 / 

•o dp«iKnt(| tlu4t it 


power; soHimplf, it 

almost 'lends Itself 

riieaj^xt and best, 

power for iburn, , , 

in'St"' "ifr-^'^'of?," srr"^^' -^^ii^^^^^^ 

t>ooklet of uU'^a, d ' po«T,S;iu« " ^nd'"" '"' 

If You Stretch 

Yhe High k^rioe of Coal 

la the cause of uiu.-U present anxiety but thpre u > 
C^E* B^ T i "" "" APP'Ptoa Wood Saw 

y^'ur own wood and 

SAVE coal; 

time, labor, money ' 
or saw your neitrh- 
bor'a wood and make 


StroriK, rlifld frame, 
Bdjustabledu It proof 
ell tx)xes, etc. We 
make 5 styles. Alto 
^^^^ the famoai>'|lrro" 

.AKKLETON MFG. CO., 76 t^rao St.. Bat. Yl7iti 

and Horse Power Combined 

«/.« •/^" **""• •■'^ wood, cut feed 
pump water, chum. etc. at the ..»! .i- * 

crindrrs oriarve 
fapaclty. Kcjulre 
«ne minimum 
power lor the 

work they do. Ask 
;"'■ catalosrue of 

«f-i '".'i ""« o' 
"Ideal" «rlad. 


682 Bl«r St., 
^Mport. liiiooii. 

January 10, 1903. 


The: Practical Karmer 



'arm Implement Annex 

To The Practical Farmer. 

It la tbe purpoae of this UepartmeDt to aaalat P. F. 
rcaUera In securing tbe best Implemonta und muctiln- 
ery fur doInK their work, und to ao adjust, manage and 
care for same an to get the best possible returns 
from their use. We invito subecrlbera to write us fully 
and freely In regurU to farm implements and machin- 
ery. Pointers on selecting Implements fur various 
kinds of work and noil; on buying, operating and 
caring for them; their defects, Improvementa, attach- 
ments, adjustments, etc., will be welcome. A cash 
prUe of 3U cents will be paid for the best contribution, 
aud 25 cents for each other contribution published, will 
b« paid to 1'. F. yearly subscribers. Put at top of each 
article For "Farm Implement Annex," and send to 
Geo. T. Pettlt. Box 3J. Oneida, Kan. 

Store About Neckyokes. — In the V. V. 

for Oct. 18th, Mr. Horton T. Newcoinb. of 
Wisconsin, wishes to know about short neck- 
yokes on harness. I have used nearly all 
kind.s of harness and for teaming on the road 
where It Is level they are all right. Hut for 
farm work where we use all kinds of tools 
ana machinery they ate not as couvenleut as 
pole straps and neckyokc. 1 have a harness 
with sljort neckyoke for use on mowing ma- 
chine. The Illustration shows the kind of 
neckyoke I have. A Is the ring which goes 

i I 



on machine pole, while B B B B are small 
rings to snap the harness to. Neckyoke Is 
5 teet long, 4 Inches in diameter at centre. 
2 Inches at ends. I do not think a team can 
back any more with this kind of harness than 
with pole straps and neckyoke. I think 
horses work better when the harness fits. 
iK) not have It too small, neither twj largo. 
If Mr. N. wishes to know more about these 
neckyokes than I have told here. I will try 
to ox|)laln further If he will write me. 
Wlndnor, Conn. Moxtauve Hamm. 

Implement Slieil. — The Importance or 
providing good sheds for tools and Imple- 
ments can hardly be too much emphasized. 
We have a :24U-acre farm and It takes about 

51,000 worth of ma<hlnery to run It, as we 
o not borrow. We had a large tool shed, 
but It was not sufflclent. So as we were 
building a new crib for our corn, we put a 
Bhed .'i2 feet long and 14 feet wide along 
one Bide of the crib. This protects one side 
of the crib and makes a good shelter for 
wagons, plows and other farm machinery. 
We know of farmers who have not had a 
shelter for the wagon In thirty years, and 
the money laid out for new vehicles alone has 
been more than the cost of a good shed would 
have lK»eu. J.. O. Suruylr. 

Humboldt, yeh. 

Parm lVheell>arro«v. — This Is one of 
our most useful tools. It can be bought at 
the hardware store for $1.50. or you can In 
a short time make one for less money. I 
made one which answers the purpose ail 
right. For the sides I got two pieces of 
8x3 scantling 5 feet long. These may be held 
together by rods or by mortising In two inch 
planks. I prefer the former method. The 
wheel may be obtained from an old snwiuill 
or other old machinery, or one may be saw^'d 
off an oak or gum log about 10 inches In 
diameter, making the wheel .3 Inches thick. 
The side plunks are 1 Inch oak boards 12 
Inches wide and 4.! Indies long. Null a wood 
pin or stake on the sideboards 8 ln<hes from 
the rear end and iKire a hole In bottom of 
barrow fur the pins to go In. thus thi' boards 
can ix' tnkt-n off when desired. Such a wheel- 
barrow corai'H handy in different ways. When- 
ever there Is a load too heavy to i-arry and 
not worth hitching the team for. the barrow 
■lands re.Tdy to helo. It is bandy atxjut the 
■table to wheel feed, manure, etc. ; also about 
the garden to cart vegetabh>(i. vines. et<.. 
and Is so cheap that the lirst day's work will 
■omet lines iiay for It. H. Kay Mercer. 

I'pton, ir. la. 

The Maule Seed Book 

for 1903 is free to all interested in gardening who mention this paper. If you 
want an up-to-date garden you ought to have it, the best seed catalogue I liave 
ever published. The tirst edition alone costs over $37,000. Address 


attachment. In plowing a 20-acre field I be- 
gin In the centre and back furrow. To meas- 
ure for the (Irst furrow 1 go along one side 
18 rods and with a rod pole tlnd the width, 
and half way a stake Is set. Then 1 measure 
18 rods from the end. which gives the start- 
ing place. Now the other end of field Is 
measured, and then the plow (right hand) Is 
started 2 feet to the left of centre. While 
plowing a strip 4 rods wide the plow Is raised 
at the ends and a gee turn made ; after this 
a haw turn Is made at each corner. I'low can 
be turned In rods travel. F. Ameis. 

Dcvrficld, His. 

Improved Clothea Horae. — The cut 

herewith gives an end view of an Improved 
clothes horse. The opposite end Is maue just 
like the one shown and they are connected 
with rods of any desired length. The centre 
standard has a half-Inch tenon at the bot- 
tom which tits snugly Into a mortise in the 
foot-piece, while the outer standards are 
hinged at bottom. Short pieces of brass 
hooping fastened ti> the side of the centre 
standards and to bottom of the outer ones 
make perfect hinges. • The cross-piece Is a 
thin piece of wood which turns on the end of 
the lower connecting rod on which the clothes 
hang, and having sluts or aotcbes near the 

Fonr-IIorae Rvener. — In reply to the 
Inquiry of W. E. Wllhelm. publlsheTl In the 
F. F. recently. I send herewith sketch of a 

ends on opposite sides to slip over the shanks 
of screws jtlaced in the ends uf tlie outside 
rods. A similar vt-ry short pii-cc at the top 
holds the frame <'«>inpactly together when not 
In use. .*<inh a frame as long as the width of 
a sheet has a capacity eipiul t<> that of a 
line (JO feel linig. It <'an be easily moved 
when full of clothes, by closing It. There U 
no patent. K. G. Lawkknck. 

t<pitfloid .V. Y. 

Heverwlble Mulky Plow I have won- 
dered ninny times why there .ire not more 
sulky plow.s In use. 1 have used a reversible 
sulky plow lor several years and for the work 
which it Is Intended to do. it (times nearest 
being a perfect tool of any that I have seen. 
It will do good work In most kinds of plow- 
ing, is a tficat labor saver and I cannot see 
that It Is hnrd!T on the team than the com- 
mon plow, all hough I acconipIlHh more with 
It. Some object to the rever.-<ll)le on account 
of the price, but 1 consider It money well In- 
vested. For such stony land as some of ours 
Is I think It best to have the plow hung so 

4-horse evener thnt will give entire satisfac- 
tion. The cut will explain itself. 

LaUellc. Mo. B. P. Waoxkr. 

Mlirnylnfr Mnehlne. — As I have been 
talking of getting a sprayer for some time 
I derided last .Spring that I would wait no 
longer, but purchase at once. The machine 
which I selected Is the Myers spray pump. 
I purdinscd It of an Indiana firm at an en- 
tire cost of .«lo for barrel and all. The iiuinp 
I find to be an excellent one and It will ao nil 
that Is < la lined for It : In fact, does perfect 
work. Since using a sprnver I have con- 
cluded that If I had only fifty trees I would 
have a good spraying outfit and spray my 
trees, as I believe It will pay. 

Ptoiia, III. Oeurije U. Proctor. 

Straw Rnok. — I will tell the readers of 
the .\i)iiex how to make a very convenient 
straw rack out of an ordinary hay rack. 
Take tw<> 1x<l l>oards and nail "to fli» I'xis 
nnder the outside boards of the hay rack. 
^'«w Nire 1'-;, or '2 Inch holes through both 
the fop ixinrd and the one yon have just put 
on. and make stakes of any desired length to 
fit In the holes. There should be from 4 to 
<» stal-.«»s '.»n each side ; can be removed at will. 

^Yutxika. III. it. K. WiKKi.\(;.v. 

The Plow in So«I tironnd. — The Annex 
S K *^*''"ber 18th contains a sketch of my 
.1-horse evener for use on a tongue. 
and I wish here to correct the desorlp- 
^ 1 ■ \J^^ evener goes on tipper side of tongue 
and the singletree and doubletree should ex- 
change positions. Will give mv way of plow- 
lag tod with a toogua aulky flttad with sod 

It can run loose and ploy around the stonefl. 
The .National is attached tc» the sulky with a 
hinge joint and (an be set to run lnde])endent. 
I do not think the plow draws harder than 
a walking plow of same size, the sulky taking 
the place of the man at the handles. Or you 
(an i)ut all the wcinht of sulky and driver on 
the plow, whidi acts inudi the same as a 
man riding tlic iieam and will hold It down 
anywhere. This, of course, makes It harder 
for the horses, but where It Is comfortable 
plowing the plow should run loose and will 
do as good or lictter work and more of It 
than any walking plow that I ever saw. 
<S. Acicorth, A. U. El' N. Crosski. 

Convenient ilnndeart. — We made a 
very good farm (urt at small expense, and 
anyone who lui-ds anvihing of the kind may 
go and do likewise We first bought two old 
cultivator wlKvis with the axle, then pro 
cured a suitable dry goods Im)x nnd attn(Iied 
l<) the axl( . Tii(> rear end of box was re- 
moved and atla(bed witli hinges so It can be 
l(i down. Till' hniidie or tongue was made 
of a stout pole and so arranged that we 
(oiild take hold niiii pull or luish wiien nei-- 
es.-<ary. We found this carl very convenient 
on tlie farm for many purposes, sucli as 
gathering vegetnbles and often for the (iill- 
dren to pinv with. .Nina nov.SE.v. 

(Ilrnirnod. In. 

Lantern Devlee, The following I have 
have found t() be a very safe and convenient 
way of using a lantern around the barn : 
Stretch a wire across the bnrn about tiu, feet 
above the floor, first slipping a common har- 
&•■■ nap or book loosoly upoo tbc wira. By 

the use of this simple device a person can 
have a light which will shine across the 
horses' backs. The lantern can be moved by 
simply sliding it along the wire. Some peo- 
ple will hang the lantern almost anvwhcre, 
often on a nail. And worse still. If they 
cannot Und a convenient nail thev will set 
it down. J. Euw. WoLFC, Jk. 

Utcinn Dale, 1. T. 

KliockinK Hop»e — We raise a good deal 
of Kattlr corn and sorghum here which we cut 
and bind with corn binder. The shcjcklng 
of a heavy growth of these crops Is no small 
task, especially when the weather is mugi^y 
as It was this year at that time. In order 
tnat the forage might cure out well I desired 
to have It shocked In long shocks with a hole 
or oi)enlng clear through between the bun- 
dles. So I made a shocking Jack by taking a 
l*x4 eight feet long and putting legs on one 
end 3 feet long and having a bottom spread 

on share and coulter, you will find It better 
than grlndiui;. Steel shares and coulters 
should be (arefully drnwn by a blacksmith 
when they become too thick on the edge to 
Work well. However, a rolling coulter 
would not recpilre drawing for a long time, 
as they are made ipilte thin. Hardened steel 
shares should be huniinered at cherry heat, 
lientlng only as much eaih time as can be 
liuiumered. l»o not attempt to harden cut- 
ting edge after hammering, as this will only 
draw the temper from the body of share. 
The only way to liarden a share Is to heat the 
entire share eounlly and temper the wiiole 
thing at once. This re(julres knowledge of 
I steel plow work, and a tempering compound Is 
; generally used. !>.> not attempt to harden 
j common cru(il)le steel shares or other wear- 
ing parts or they will break, (inly the special 
soft centre plow steel can be hardened suc- 
cessfully. I would suggest that vou write 
Oliver (hilled liow Works. South Bend.. Ind.. 
as they muke all kinds of plows, both steel 
and Iron : and be sure to mention Farm Im- 
! plement Annex of the P. F. — Ei>. 

I Mcf'ormlck corn machines enable the 

farmer to double the value of bis 

! corn crop. lie gets two profits In- 
stead of one. 

of. say .'{ feet. On other end I put a single 
leg of the right length to hold bcjth ends of 
2x4 at same height. This third leg I at 
tached to l'x4 with a single bolt so that In 
pulling it out of a shock this leg will turn 
back oarallel with the 2x4. This simple de- 
vice Is a labor saver and with It we can make 
much better shocks than without. 

Dtlavan, Kan. Jou.v Holt. 

Implement TVotea and (iaerleH. 

A. M. dates. Itranford. <'onn., writes for In- 
formation regarding a plow for use upon land 
that has some bogs on It. "Think 1 need a 
steel plow with circular or knife coulter. 
Can I, by grinding coulter and share sharp 
do good work with such a plow? I want a 
light two-horse plow." A good steel plow 
will do your work If anything will. I would 
Lot advise you to buy a cheaj). low-priced 
steel plow, for it Is about the poorest kind 
of a plow and will not give as good satisfac- 
tion as a first-c lass chilled plow fitted with 
steel share. Some manufacturers of chilled 
plows furnish plows with wide, steel marsh 
shares when so ordered. But the best plow 
made for difficult soil Is the soft centre, 
burdened steel plow, such as we use on the 
prairies. This plow Is not so well adapted to 
stony land, but will scour where others fail. 
These plows are sold by the Inch, and a light 
L'-horse, 12 Inch plow will actually cut 12 
Im lies wide when new. Where the soil does 
not contain stones and there Is not much 
trash to cut through, the rolling coulter 
works all right on a walking plow. Rut In 
trashy ground, particularly If the trash la 
damp, a riding plow will hold It down to 
business better than a walker. I think per- 
haps a standing or "knife" coulter might suit 
you better than the rolling coulter. It should 
w' made of good steel, not too thick, and the 
point set far enough forward so It will clear 
Itself of grass roots. If you will take a gocid 
sized flat file to the field and use as needed 

Deadly- Lip (niifer Cured by Anoint- 
InK with OilH. 

A.MiTV. .Mk., May 5, 1902. 
, DI(. n. M. Rue Co.. SiKS- Your medli liie cured that can- 

, cer on my lip. and I can recommend it to any 

I one that has a sore or cancer, for I know that 

I It will cure them. I feel very thankful that 

I am well I remain vour friend. 

The f'oniblnntlon Oil Cure was originated 
and perfected by Dr. !». M. Hye. It Is safe 
soothing and balmy and gives relief from un- 
: ceasing pain. It cures when all else falls. 
Those desiring free bf)oks and papers telling 
'about the (Ml. save time and expense by ad- 
dressing the Home t>fl1ce — DR. D. M. BYE 
CO.. P. O. Drawer 5u5, Indianapolis. Ind. 



Ob* ■•■ «•■ MW Bar* 

wood with it thAO two 

la any other way and l 

do It easier. OCORDt 

< any wood on any 
, ground. R«wa treea 
' Sown. Catalog free,a 

Vint order s<ran«iccacy. _ 

M«af SawUg Mac^ te. M N. MiMMQ SttCUoii^ A 


It meets every 

reoiiirement of the barveet Held 
Deerins Harveatcr Co.. Chlea*o, V. n. A. 


ing. Tt uvea wnstn of matarlal and time. 
American Tin Plat* Co., Mew Tork. 

The Improved Kemp Manure .''preader spreads all 
kinds of fertlllxer more quickly and t>^tter than could 
possibly be done hv band. Free Catalo«;ue. 

KIIP * BrHfKI ■»«. CO., Box S<, tjntut*, R. T. 


on SO days Free 
Trial. Hand for 

Free CataloKue. 

Ohio Carrlnce Jf f|f. Co„ 8ta. 37. Cincinnati. O. 

Nitratt of Soda for Fortilizinf . 

Bend for free text t)ook "How Mcjiiey CropB Keed"to 
WILLIAM a. Mt'EKH. IS F John Ht.. New Tork. 


I f ^ 1 JO'JK fREF //,'i? Jd/Vt //'.■ ■fA\''/.'. 

\^ %^^^ nils XIU HllW Til II ) II St Nfl (OH I r 

K w KOSS ( <» ,<»PHIN«.I It I f) - <>HU» 


Mr*. Wlnklow'a aootklnc Byrap 

llhaold klvk.ta b« u«t<l tor Cblldr«B TMtblDf. 
I loottiM th« child, •oftrut thn fumt, tlUyt ail pa 
[ aarei wlod colic, and li the bast rccnady Ibr dtarrba 
^KBI^I^^ TwcDly-flTa a boitla. 




Pipe, Machinery and Building 
Supplies In Generala 





Steer, Dull, or Tlorse hide, or any kind of bide 
or skin, and let us tan it witb the hair on, soft, 
light, odorless, for rol)e, ruK, coat or gloves. 

ilut fl rst got our Catalotf lie. gi vinir prices, and 
our shipping tags and inst ructions, so as to 
avoid mistakes. Wo buy raw furs and ginseng. 

110 Mill Street. Rochastar. N.Y. 

Good seed 
asttiire good 
Hardens. Gregory 
avdt have tx^e 
thn favoritea of 
imrdeneraand flor- 
ista for 40 years. 
Always aaoccMfWL 

Rend for otir frea 
catalogue, telllnc 
alwut our thr«« 

warraats oa 





The threihcrmiB hai many raaton«, tno manr to gty{ 
hrre. Sunitn- <1 up. 11 means the mo.lfl threshioj outfit.) 
Iliel>e«f niiiney c«n buy. Y"ii will fin I the liifcit catalo* 
on Kumaly'a m»mr Caara4 Traotlsn Cnglnaa aaS 
Now Nymaly Baparalore full (>f threthermrn't luvlc. I 
ari^umeDt that convioteu. Write u» for It. Miilad (raa.f 

m, RMWKLY 00., LA PORT!, INO. 



\NRiTc: ron ancuLAR \!!]t:2 \ ^ 1 







f, ~ 


The Practicai^ Farmer 

January 10, 1903. 



All other trades liuve resorted to "Short Cuts." To 
be suwi'SHfiil furuicni uiiiBt resort to theui, loo. In 
this roluiun we will puliliHli ull actUHl lulxjr Having 
Mliurt cutd uiaile by tlie furtuer on tlie furiii und the 
housewile in the home. Writ*- and tell iiM of uny luljor 
HH vine tool you hove luude, of any method of ujanuge- 
nient or tiiaiiner of uxliig iiii|jlenient8 to tiuve tiue, 
Itthor and money, or increuHe tlieir efficiency. Kven 
the smullewt tliliigN may he iiHefulutid valuuhle. Hint.'* 
and helps" In the household are alwayB welcome. A 
<a8h prize of .'iij cents for the hest contrihution, and 'ii 
cents lor each other contribution |iubliHhed, will I* 
paid to I', F. yearly .subscriljerH. Write on poHtalcardH 
and make BrticlcN Bhurt. All errors will b«' corrected 
by the editor. Address all communk-atiuuH under this 
head to 1". Orelner, \m Halle, N. Y. 

ThiH Rug^ests anothor, the oiling of the Inside 
of the shoes and feet of hoiHes with a brush 
dipped In warm laid or oil before driving 
III soft snow. It effectually prevents "ball- 

Iuk" and failing. 
I'luia Dale. I'a. 

\V. 11. Ulack. 

DrUliiK; (utile Aloiii-, — On farms 
wlici-i- but few cat I If nil' lifj.i It is Kometimes 
iiccpssary in niaik.i in;; u frcsli cow, or taking 
tllein In U l)i'l','|||)ol'.s at lil-ei'dilig season, to 
di-ivf tiicin alone, oi'i.ti jjy large b<idles of 
tjinbcr or along iinfenced liclds ut grain. 
To iicep ilii'iu iind'-r full coiiirol and avoid 
riiiiiiiiig alter tlicm tliiotigli the tiiulwr and 
lields tie a smal) rope armnid l>i)dy just Ite- 
hind foieli't's. and anoihci in froii"t »d' liind 
legs, 'lake !i long lopc. jiiiy desired length, 
and run ilir.iiiuli lopfs beneaili ImkIv of ani- 
mal, iias.sinj; down front legs and "tie ends 
around legs just above hoofs. When animal 
Ktarts to mil a imll on long rojie will draw 
foot up, and by luilllug both ends the cow or 
oilier uniinal will lie tlirown to ground on 
knees. Tlie wildest and most vUioiis ani- 
miil can be con<|uered In this way, as it is 
an easy matter to tlin.w them on their nose 
by pulling boili feet up when trying to run 
away. .Vn animal never fe4'ls more helpless 
than when thrown ti> the ground and one or 
two throws Is suIDiieut to conquer most of 

tll"I', JaS. T. FLOKi. 

.\oki8iillv. i'a, 

lIoiiHflioliI Short fiitH. — The sieve part ' 

of an old Ilniir sieve makes a good colander. 
1 toi.k a short handle <.f an old dipper and 
fastened it on with tacks for a han<lle. An 
••fM|»ly oy«r>-r can tnakes a good llat iron 
holder. 'I'urii In the siuirp edges and pound 
clown smoc.ilily. A small brush Is an almost 
in<liKpensable article in our lioiiseliohl. We 
use It for biiisbing the cracks in fancv glass- 
ware. It brightens tlie glassware so much 
as it gets every particle uf dirt out. We 
also use it on wash dav for brushing the 
wristbands and colljirs of men's shirts; als<) 
for many of the other clotlies. We use the 
scrub brush for the heaviest clothes To 
l>atch a hole in the door take a piece of 
tin large enough to cover It and tack on se- 

^■""iV'j' , ., «;i«ACi: I'KICE. 

Muoiia Junction, Mich. 

I^ODB Gate.— Make the gate In two parts, 
each one wide enough to pass a wagon 
through. rake a post about (i in< hes thick 
and about as long as your gate is high • take 

A Stinrt Cut for Knlttern To wind a 

witdi ball wrap the wool four or live times 
aiound your lingers, loosely, then remove 
from your lingers and build" vour Imll upon 
less than half the length of "tlie long ioop.s, 
until .vour entire skela is wound, l>elug always 
careful to keep llie other half of the loops 
piojecilng from the Imll. When ready to 
knit or crochet, pull out the bunch of loops 
from tlie bail and begin with the inside end 
of the wool. The Ijall will unwind from tlie 
centre Instead of the outside, and will be- 
have beautifully, staying quietly on v<uir lap 
instead of rolling about. Jumping onto the 
tloor. etc. It will be easy to keep clean and 
as bidable as though •'bewitched. 

Jidliii, Md. U. 1'. Ua.vpy. 

IMant Snpi>ort<*r.- This is a handv arti- 
cle to keep large plants from falling "to tlie 
ground. iMlve it into the ground and then 


LbMf*i'*' ?""' °^ ♦'"' '^'""t 'ifo the trap and 
Alliance, t'u. 

Replaolnic Wooii«-ii Tnlm I have had 

so mu.b trouble with woo.len tubs going To 
pi .es In spite of ail i.recautlon. so tliat a 
few years batk I rei./uced them with ia 

not be Induced to go back to the old tubs 
he zinc tubs are light, have good, stioiig 
handles , an be .piickiy washed and hung ,p 
out of the way, aii<i I llnd them verv diiialile 
having used one for eight years wltlio'u a 
K.1K. I hey can be purchased In anv size 
•;'!' «'f' anr a large one serves ,s\s a 
bath tub. When through using It two per 
sons ,an by the bandies. ,arrv- out and 
empty, when it will be ready for use again 

«/A. ''u•^.*'"^""'"'"' ^"'" " '•""» room." vo'i 
sn>. \\ell, I want a bath room, but whlfe I 
am waiting for It. I will take my •tubling' 
If you will try the zinc you will d sp.e of 
old wooden tubs with bursted hoops 
Wuirui. Ark. MK.S. R. J. Ve.nable. 

•;'"'••«, 1-' Inches wide and IS Inches long 
and •» Inches tliick ; make a mortise In the 
inlddle and a tenon on one end of the post 
to It the m.irtise. Fasten the block at the 
post, put the post in the middle of the gates 

Alhuncc. I'a. F. J. McAlllstku. 

oil Ryerythlnir. In a damp climate lin- 
seeo oil Is one of the useful things on 
the farm. A good .oating of It will jireserve 
ion. steel and wood machinery almost equal- 
ly well. Nails and staples. If dipped In oil 
when used, will not only drive much easier 
but wll ast twice as long and will not pull 
out. I.olis and nuts should all be light Iv 
coyerod with cdl when put away and theV 
will keep bright for years. .Saws and auL.'rs 
Bioiild also 1m' oiled as well as spades and 
Bhovels. The handles of all tools. If given 

last Indeliultely, even though eX|M>sed to the 
vcather. j w \vi-rii»«t 

Rponnmy In Fuel — Give up ftreplaces 
Only the wealthy can afford their waste of 

r',f oil "'' ' m"'" ","•'■"'* ^•"' «■'"><>— any make. 
' ut all saidlngs from within thirty feet of 

:'.<".*■•''*■ tV'"* ^•"''"' '" ^'"^■•'•J li'UKths for 
n 1 '^;.»»^'"''' "■'■'' •;''P»*''a".v good. Hunt up 
nil waste wood. I»ont let It rot. I»ruih 

ate used In ad.iolnlng rooms have pipe same 
size and run tirst into T in se.ond. Do?t 
•■•onomlze on pipe. The longer the pipe the 
more .you gain, Ilun pipe f hro igh a 
un i'"°n"' ••'">•. Pll'Ing when passing through 
wall, nurn mixed wood, viz., green and drv 
never all of one kind. Tie kindling o,- plriV 
splinters in bumhes, one for each morning, to 
fi^l. l'^"''"' ''. "" P'"'" '" obtainable, stored 
v.r.. , Vr- """tlyW'T stalks, etc., kindle (ires 

i).7/r,"ba. •'^•'^^ '^'*"-''- 

Woolen BIafik..tii.— If you have a pair 
of old woolen blankets that seem to have 
HO 1 i«7 -.'"■'■'f """-f"'"'''"'- '"" 'hem together 
nr i . K '.'; ."' "I"' '*' «• '•'•' •'"«' "f t*!*- other. 

.1 «^iJ" ?'!-^' ';'""" ^''"f overlaps and kn..t 
ch.sely with cheap woolen vara. This is 
warmer than tlie average <dtt"..n comfort and 
Dot so hard to wash 

i<t<uhvn,inc, O. JMrs. F. Uiiinehart. 

Shovollnir Snow.- I have Just put In a 
full <lay shovellnif through the drifts to re 
More communication with the big world us- 
ing a greased scoop shovel, as suggested by 
a lady contributor to the .Short Tuts I»ei)t 
years ago and want to say that the suggest 
tloii has been w.irth the subscription lo the 
1 h. every year since sh.' gave it We warm 

lou. "L'l: V ." "'"" ""'^ '■"•'• " ^^"li « ••" of tal- 
low, and the snow, wet or dry, does not stick. 

How to I He Dry Bread.— Rread that is 
too dry for the table may be cut Into slices 
spread with butter and lal«l In an iron bak' 
iiig dish. Sprinkle lightly with Innam^.n 

and put on stove. Fut on cover to keen In 
s eain and watch to prevent burning. \\VS 
Vrmi;?'' ^>?? al>«"rbed the milk It Is done 
lo make milk, cut of dry biead 
and toast brown. Heat half pint of mi k i 
into whhh put a small lump of tutter. Sweet 
<ream and a little salt may be used ins7ead I 
/oH"*^'"- 'J ll'-'-f-'Ted. I.ip en,h sll e of I 

Vf „'nJ''"^.!^'' V'?""' """^ «"•' i''"-«' I dish 

If any m Ik Is left pour over the toast. For 
bread pudding, take three slices of drv bread 

A';M";„rf'"' '"".!'•'■ w^ «•"» ""« Hm«rr,Vie,es: ! 

Add half cup ot raisins; make custard with I 
two eggs, one pint milk, sugar, salt and nut- 
meg to taste. Four the custard over the 
bread in the pudding dish and bake one-half 

i'"^- ,„ •^'"«- FOUEKT N. M.JUUE. 

t ncaHiUU, Cunn. -^jj^t.. 

Eawy Way of WaMhInir Put clothes 

i . m e horr^'l'" "^ proline with some 
r .';i.L^ '. •""•'i* '"■ •^•" 'n '»»• morning 
n aV T„"L'I ""'' f'"^"• »'"" '" another suds 
made the same as the first. The gasoline ' 

enXr" ?" ""-t and makes the r.ibbing m ,1, I 
ei^^sler. In washing the common wav use one 
h If cup ot the folh.wing washltig fluid : ("ne 
ounce of ammonia, one ounce of salts of tar 
kf iJ!u^ '^'^ "' <"n<ent rated ive. one gallon i 

a iar "}r«* n"'"", ^'^'^''^' "ave'^been pla.ed 
aiif/ni, i" '*'" on'y^cost a few cents and 
will take ess soap and last a long while 
Jikliland Viiu. Wh. a. I * IIill.s; 

..„* ^*'"•. *■'"♦«"••»«.— Instead of having rain 
barrels ground to freeze hard in Win 
iter and get warm and malodorous In Summer 
I sink them In the ground. I have two ^Ide 
by side and reaching far enough above the 

bvaXhV'n""T S ^"""'* "' 2X4 feet covered 
b.\ a tight floor to lit over their tops. The floor 
Is hinged on and opens up as k cellar dr 
lb Is furnishes a c<.nslderabie amount of s<.ft 
water which would otherwise have to be lar 
ried or haued . as I have no cistern. 

^ """"''- 'I'- J. F. W1LLIA.M.S. 

Mnkinir the Rroom I.KMt Pare and 

and""{^ h ":"'•' r."" •"""'•"'•"«> •" all things' 
and yet how often we see carelessness In 
hand Ing the broom. Thore Is a g,enr«iea" 
of differeijce In the quality of work ha 
brooms wl I do and the time" thev last Th i 
is al due to the way they are used. A luo m 
should never be set In the corner aftei^isInK 
his bends the straw over and causes i^i 
lec<.me one-sided Have a string or soine 

ess^ m«W ' .r'" ^'■''"' -^ h-ngthen Its useful- 
ness, make the sweep ng much easier nn.l 
save your .arpets by having a straight broo^ 
Wash your brooms at least once a week not 
wl h soap, as it may .a.ise vour carpeis ,, 
fa<le with a good washing powder D , 

he broom UT. and down until the straw « - 
pears perfectly dean, then hang up to d"v 
and when going to us.- the next time vou will" 
think you have a new broom. This "kind f 

reatmeut will cause them to lant twice ^\ 

°?t „ Thomas Fattov 

it o»i/ro It, Pu. * 1 1 u .-« . 

A Nervous Woman 

Will often feel compelled to stop the 
clock whose ticking seems unbearaole to 
her. In such a nervous condition the 
woman needs a building up of the entire 
•yatem. It is useless to attempt the cure 

of the nerves 
while the cause 
of the nervous- 
ness remains un- 
cured. A very 
common cause 
of nervousness 
in women is a 
diseased condi- 
tion of the delicate 
womanly organism. 

Dr. Pierce's Favorite 
Prescription cures 
womanly diseases and 
the nervousness which 
they cause. It changes 
irregularity to regular- 
ity, dries the drains 
which weaken women, 
heals inflammation and ulceration and 
cures feuiale weakness. It is a perfect 
tonic and nervine, tranquilizing the 
nerves, proinotiiig the appetite and in- 
ducing refreshing sleep, 

"When I first wrote you I had been to three 
diHercnt doctors and two of them said I would 
never get better without going to the hospital 
for an operation," writes Mrs. Selma Erickson 
of 496 Kice Street, at. Paul, Minn. "Was not 
able to do anything. If I would get up and walk 
to the kitchen and back I would have to lie in 
bed for a day or sometimes two days.% Now I 
have used six bottles of Dr. Pierce's Favorite Pre- 
scription and six of the ' Golden Medical Discov- 
ery, and the result is just wonderful. I was so 
nervous I had to have some one by my side all 
the time even in day time, and I could hardly 
eat anything. I took treatment from a doctor 
twice a week, and every time I would go there I 
felt .so sick, but since I ouit all the doctors and 
began taking your medicines I gained right 
along. I weighed IJ5 pounds, when I began 
taking your medicines (in Augiut) and now 
I ajn up to my usual weight 165. 1 am as well 
and feel as good as ever." 

Free. Dr. Pierce's Common Sense 
Medical Adviser is sent /rfe on receipt 
of stamps to pay expense of mailing on^'. 
Send 21 one-cent stamps for the book in 
DC per covers, or u stamps for cloth- 
bound volume. Address Dr. R. V. Hef^. 
BuflFalo, N. Y. 

Our Clubbing List 

Subscribers to The Fkactical Farmer who 
may desire some other periodical in connec- 
tion with it are offered the following to se- 
lect from. The figures in the tirst column 
show the regular price of Tuk Fkacthal 
I<AH.MEK and the publication named. Those 
in the second column show the price at which 
the publication named and Tai; Fkaoiical 
Fakmkk will both be sent for one year. 


American Agriculturist. N. Y. City 
American (;aidening. N. Y. City... 
Hreeders (Jazette. Chicago. III... 
Commercial (Jazette. Cincinnati, O. 

Commoner. The. Lincoln, Neb 

Constitution. Atlanta. tJa 

Country (ientlemau, Albany, X. Y. 

(seml-wkly), Louis- 


viile. Ky 

Enquirer. Cincinnati, O.. ....'.' '..' 

Free Fress (seml-wklyi. Detroit... 

Clobe-Democrat. St. Louis. Mo 

Harper's Weekly. New York City.. 
Harper's Hazar, New York City... 
Hoard's Dairyman, Ft. Atkinson. 


Hunter Trader Trapper.dariipolis.O. 

Inter-Ocean. Chicago, III 

Leslie's Weekly. New York City... 
National Stockman. FIttsburg. I'a.. 
Ohio State Journal ( semi- weekly 1. 


Fress, Fhlladelphla. Fa ..!!!! ! 
Fui^ilc Opinion. New York City... 
Hural New Yorker. New York ("Mtv. 
Sunday School Times. Fhlladelphla. 

Toledo Blade. Toledo. O 

Tribune Farmer. New York City!!. 
In Ion Gospel .News. Cleveland. O 
World (triweekly). New York City 
Jouth's Companion. Boston. Mass., 
loung People's \VeekIy. Chlcago,llI.| 

Epitomlst. Indian 










1. 00 





rullln^ ttumps, Ktulm.etK., 
anl clearlni; land for your- 
srl( anil othfn. Hrrtatsi 

Cusiog I.REE. ||„c«l„ M,.. C,.S2s"".'a.«..alllot 


apolis. Ind 

Am. Sheep Breeder, Chicago, 
Am. Swineherd. Chicago III 
Blooded Stock. Stock, Fa.. 
Century .Magazine, New York Citv! 
( ommercial Poultry. Chicago. Ill 
Cosmopolitan. New York cfty 
Delineator. New York City 
Designer. New York City... 
Farm-Foultry (seml-mo.i. Boston!, 
(.leanings in Bee Culture (semi- 

^ mo.). .Medina. O 

(5reen'8 Fruit Grower, Rochester, 

N . Y \ 

Harper's Magazine. New' York" City 
Ladies' World, New York Citv 
Ledger Monthly, New York"City'" 
Leslie's Monthly, .New York Citv' 
.McClure's .Magazine. New York (''itv 
Munsey's Magazine. New York 
St. Nicholas. New York City. 
Scientific .\merican. New York 
Suicess, New York City 

Vick'8 Monthly ..!!!! 

Woman's Home" Companion! SprinV 

tie.d. O 



1 ..50 

2 «M> 




Send all subscriptions to The Farmer 
Market &. 18th Sts., FhlUdelphla. 





3 Papers for the Price of 2 

We have tjiade ariaiigementH by which our frieuds can have a Heltvtion 
from live of ihe leading publicatioiiH in the country. TlS are ? «^'*^^'oa 

SucceM, the world famouH people's magazine, eciualiv interestinir tn *>v«.r,r 
n.en.her of the family. It in u'ni./ue, helpful, at. 1 C ^lightT^^^^^^^ 
d.s,,eusable in every well regulated household! Hublcriptiou Jla year 

^^l::^y if!; ;"ll;4,'rs ''i^::!^i;x ^IJ:^:^' '--^'^^ ^" 

Everybody's Magazine is reoognized an one of the leaders in the dniinr 
magazineH. It« publinher han puHhed it to the front rank 1^^ Lt vp«r IfJ 
making it the lie^t. SubHcriptioii, $1 per year! ^^"^ ^^ 

Frank Leslie's Popular Montlily, another of the dollar mniyn^ina- 

The Practiral Farmer j] qq 

HuccesH $1 00 

Woman's Home Companion ! !f 1 00 

The Practical Farmer jj qq 

HuccesH ! . . $1 00 I 

Frank Leslie's Popular JNIouthly ^j.oo I 

The Practical Farmer jj qq 

KuccesH L' 

ii.verybody'8 Magazine ^i qq 

The Practical Farmer m qq 

^^7** '.^y.''.'.'.'.'.'.'.$\.00 

Heview of Reviews *o r^ 

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. , fl.UU 

KucceHS f 1 00 

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Send subscriptions to JHE FARMER CO. 

Market and 18th Streets, Philadelphia, Pa. 





January 10, 1903. 

The PracticaIv Karivier 


V(U' )• J 






Mistakes, Failures 

and Successes* 

In this department we publish the MlsUkes, Fail- 
ures and Huccesses ot our subscribers. They are 
equaly InBlructlve and necessary, pointing the way to 
BUcceM. Subs«:rlber8 are corUl*lly Invited to send ac- 
counts of elforts they have made which resulted In 
failure, as well us tboee wlilcb proved successful. Olve 
In u few words your experience of anythluK connected 
with farm or bousehoUl work. A cash pri»e of 50 
cents for the beat contrihution. and aS cents for each 
other contribution published, wlU be paid to P. F. 
yearly subscribers. Only helpful communlcaUons 
of value to P. F. readers will be accepted. The bead 
of the column will be considered the position oi .iOnor 
each week. Send »U communications to Geo. T Pet- 
tit. Oneida, Kan. - 

ttfiitif PointN on Orowlnir Alfalfa.—- 

There fs being a great deal written about 
alfa fa lu different partH of the «:»"«^t|:y-.,^^^ 
there la one Important P"'"' ^hat I have 
neVer seen mentioned, and that »8 that alfa fa 
win not Jr^ve a aucesa where there is hau^ 

ceafand without exception It Is K'^-n where 
ti.uro Ih no hardpan. Nearly all tne nn 
uated valleys of tie West have at some time 
Seen 11 led in with soil washed from tlie mom^ 
S hence there Is no hardimii. and be e 
8 wliere alfalfa Is seen nt >ts bent^ tl ' benc?i 
exception that 1 have met with % "\f,. Vf ".'j{. 
lands of the Boise Valley I^aho Iheie haid 
\an is found cloae to_ the ^s fa e and It 

good roi)e halter on the colt and tie to I 
the rope around the horse's neck. Lead 
them around the laid several times, then 
brlug them In and let them rest a while. 
Then hitch lo a wa^on and pui on small 
loads at tlrat so the colt will pull all right. 
After vou have worked the colt double, try 
It 8ln«le. lllt.h him to a dog cart and 
drive hlui along, another horse walking with 
hm uuiil he becomen accustomed to It. going 
alone. Drive him the next ilay and the next, 
about an hour each day until he gets used to 
1 the work. We have been successful with this 
plan. Kllswurtii II. Misa. 

Inwuod, W. I'a. 

AnKora Goat Failure — Some N. Y. gen- 
tlemen having heard about Angora goats and 
the profits to be derived from keeping them 
on brush land formed a company and bought 
a carload of the gouts. TheV bought a farm 
from one of our neighbors, fenced a pasture, 
put the goats In and hired a sick man to look 
after them. In less than a year about three- 
fourths of them were dead. There were sev- 
eral causes for the failure. First, starvation; 
second, being brought from the South, they 
were unable to stand this cold climate : third, 
there were too many goats for the land they 
had fenced. Mim, U. 11. Webbek. 

Tolland, Mans. 

\ what kind of fruit we will get. They fruit 
the third year If well cared for. Have very 

pan s founa close to i'"^, ","'', \Tf,.ifii and 

Sffoth over the mouth of each Jug set n a 
ta m plale'and it will be vinegar in a short 

n i^j^arf;r^£^«u::Sar^;'\.ffl^ 

ijukle Fork. Tenn. 

That StloUy Bread. — In the P. F'- "' 

Set)t ''h Mrs Hornmeler thinks she has 
found the ciuse of a peculiar 'sticky condl^ 
Uon of bread after it Is two or three days 
old Well. I never saw or heard of such 

bread until this Sutnmer, ^b-'^o"" *'l''^:"'rs 
that description. And as 1 have for jears 
keSt my bread In a tin wash boiler to keep 
X f^m nibbling at It. that Is not a pre- 
Tentlve My mother always told me .that new 
J "a ).es were 'not good for bread.'' wlthoiit 

s,.e'lO'ln« In ^'^'^^ ^''y ^^^^^^r .?nt^ri hU 
al)le. 80 I had never used them until this 
Season. So many old-time obs"vances can 
be set aplde as "notions" that I put new 
potatoes for bread In that class and experi- 
mented bv using them. Whether or not that 
was the cause of the stickiness I a^.y^able 
to sav. but to tliat I attribute It. "any- 
one I's able to give definite Information on 
?he subject. 1 aSi sure U will be «^a^efully 
received. MRS. L. S. L. Sloan. 

Clarion. Pa. 

A Mlatake with Turkey* — Let me tell 
you of a mistake that 1 made ."n*"'"^* "7^ 
vears I raised turkeys. I had 16 nice 1 1 rks 
hbout a mouth old when I dis.overed they 
were covered with lice. I remen.bered to 
have read somewhere that lard and sulphur 
would kill lice, so 1 at once n?««''^ ""'"•'• ■"S 
with the help of a colored girl caught each 
Turk and anointed It with the mixture on 
head, neck an* under wings and iega. \>hen 
we had finished 1 said, novir I'olly we will 
put some of this on those lltt e chicks, too 
She replied. "Law no. Miss Ann e ; If you doea 
It will sure kill 'em.^' I asked her wiiy she 
thought It would kill thein and she said. 
•■ 'faiise mamma put some lard and sulphur 
on Bome chickens once and U killed >m every 
one " 1 told her she should have told rne 
that sooner, for if it killed chickens It would 
also kill turkevs. and her answer was: \\ell, 
1 don't know anything about frkevn cause 
we never had any. and of course 1 thought 
Ton knew what you was al)out before you 
Bfarted " 1 felt badlv about It as I had never 
seen the remedy tried. «nd watched those tur- 
kevs Diettv close. Weil, they did not die. but 
thev got droopy and stiff looking and did not 
run". Jump and flap their wings as they used 
to do. Ticking one up one day 1 found hard 
s<abs on Its neck and under wings and legs. 
The mixture seemed to have eaten Into the 
skin and made large sores. I bathed each 
one then rubbed all sores and scabs with 
vaseline dally until thev quite re^vered the 
use of their wings and legs. I think that 
little darkev girl's advice would be good t(» 
take as a motto in many things besides doc- 
toring turkeys. "Be sure you know w-hat you 
are about before you start." Fresh Insect 
i>owder rubbed well Into the down and 
feathers Is the only thing 1 use for llee now. 
It Is safe and effective. 
Parmville. Va. Mbs. E. B. Lanoslow. 

Kllllnir Hard Corn* — Last Spring 1 
had a hard corn come on my toe. on the In- 
side, and It was extremely painful. I took 
mv razor and jiared It down as thin as I 
could, then put a rag around the toe. tied 
It on and twice a day for a week I wet the 
rag over the corn with spirits lainphor. This 
treatment killed the corn so I have not a 
trace of It now. Camphor will «l»o dry warta 
up so they will come out. I-. Te.nevcic. 

llrtKllni}, Mk-h. 

Rreaklnv Colt*. — Take a well broken 
horse out with the colt Into a field; tie a 
ttiong rope around tb« boraa'a B«ck. put a 

TliOHe lieather Suapendem — T saw In 

many papers an advertisement of the leather 
adjustable suspenders. Any repairs needed 
withlu twelve months to be sent free. etc. 
I sent for a big lot for myself and boys, and 
thev stained our clothes till they were perfect- 
ly disgusting to look at. Not only this, but 
the perspiration soon caused the suspenders 
to break. So I advise 1'. F. readers to let 
leather adjustable suspenders severely alone. 
I am loser by $.'i on same, and all our shirts 
terribly stained ; aud no washing will take 
It out. W. K. Emukv.. 

l>adc City. Fta. 

Not BnouKli Seed. — After years of ex- 
perience I am convinced that few of the farm- 
ers of this i:ast Tennessee country use enough 
.seed per a<re. especially of wheat and oats. 
I have used all tlie way from three to seven 
pecks of wheat and am satisfied that not 
less than six pei Us of wheal should b^sown 
to the acre unless it Is sown very early, 
which endangers the crop. For some yeais 
the fly has been destroying early sown wheat. 
Fven with wheat cleaned and graded as well 
as It Is possible to get it. some will full to 
germinate, the Insects get some and some 
freezes out, so that seed should be used free- 
ly. 1 remember that some years ago I hsd 
some oats sown bv a neighbor, as I could not 
be at home, and the drill ran about two 
bushels or more, as I now remember it. aud I 
have never since raised as good a crop of 
oats. Two years ago 1 lost much by not get- 
ting on enough seed. S. B. FiCKLii. 
Thorn, Tenn. 

Shallow PIovrlnR. — Last Spring we 
planted our corn In two different fields, one 
Held being plowed with two-horse plow, the 
other with a one-horse plow. The former 
was the poorer soil, but It remained mellow 
and did not get grassy and the corn did not 
wilt much all Summer. This field produced 
n good cron of corn. The other field, which 
was plowed with the one horse plow, got 
grassv and so hard we could scarcely work 
It. As soon as there were a few dry days the 
corn looked as If It would dry up. However, 
the Summer turned out to be unusually wet 
and this field made a little com. 

KnosLilh; Ark. 8. M. Bbown. 

Wholexome Candle*. — Try making 
some delicious, cheap aud wholesome candles 
for the children. To make foundation for 
several kinds of nice candles boll together lu 
granite vessel four cups granula»'d sugar, 
one cup water and twi> teaspoonfuls cream of 
tartar. Do not m<»ve or stir while Ixjlllng. 
aud from time to time wipe off the crystals 
that form on sides of pan, using a damp 
cloth wrapped on a stick or fork. After boil- 
ing a few minutes carefully dip a straw or 
knitting needle Into It and If It drips In fine, 
hair-like threads it Is done. Wipe off the 
crystals and pour at once Into a crock or 
any stone vessel. Let stand until somewhat 
stiff, but not entirely cold, then beat with a 
wooden spoon until It Is white and glossy and 
stiff. Now knead U as you would bread till 
It Is a smooth ball, using a very little corn 
starch If necessary to keep It from sticking 
to the bread board. Press down In a stone 
Jar and cover closely. It Is better to stand 
a week or ten days, although It may be used 
at once if so desired. Different kinds of 
<andie8 niav be made by using different flavor- 
ings, mixing with chopped ntits of any kind, 
mixing In cocoanut or melted chocolate. De- 
I llcious chocolate creams are made by dipping 
small balls of the mixture Into melted choco 

1 H^ llAii\a j^^wa a& »» < ii v « » v va » v» » . bbut^ . - .^ 

early and very late grapes grown from the 
t'oncord seed ; some black, some white, some 
red ; some good and some not. We have 
peaches from July until October aud the 
latest are the best, many weighing one-half 
to three-quarters of a lound each. 

Kancn, Ark. W. 11. Ka.nes. 

MnlchluK Strawberry Bed — A great 
many people make the mistake of not mulch- 
ing the strawlierrles. tiet good, well rotted 
manure and all the Utter mixed with iKjultry 
droppings from hen house, mix with straw 
or leaves and apply between the rows. Water 
can be applied on this mulch with the, 
I whlAh will dissolve plant food In the manure, 
'i he best time to apply the mulch is as soon 
I as tlie ground begins to freeze; and It should 
be distributed evenly over the plants so all 
I will be covered, but do not make the mulch 
too thick, not over two Inches deep over 
plants. In favor of mulclilng are cleanliness, 
moisture, a longer bearing season aud a 
larger, handsomer berry. 
Zclda, O Mas. Ada. II. I'arkkr. 

KeepluK Meat. — Let the meat lay in salt 
for about six weeks after butcheriug. then 
hang up until dry. Here the skipper gnat 
comes by the first of March or before, and the 
meat must be put away permanently before 
that time. Have a large wash kettle of boil- 
ing water, take the meat down aud dip It 
Into the water, then wipe dry with a <foth. 
I'uf pulverized borax In a pepper box and 
sift on the meat while it is still damp. Ite 
sure to get the borax in every place and you 
will have no trouble keeping skii^iers out of 
your meat. J- A. K.1RK.MAN. 

Orandrlcu\ Tenn. 






Our money wint^ing books, 
written by men who know, tell 
you all about 


They are needed by every man 
who owns a field and a plow, and 
who desires to get the most out 
of them. 

They zre/ret. Send postal card, 


f 8 NosMu street, *•* norm 

Ilenewlng: Furniture. — Wife com- 
plained that the furniture looked dingy. I 
answered "too much damp cloth." Toured 
two ounces 05 per cent, grain alcohol lu a 
saucer, gave her a soft cotton cloth and told 
her to dip and squeeze just so it would not 
drip. Uub gently, not more than twice over 
I the surface. Dip often aud squeeze out well 
to rid the cloth of dirt. Do not rub hard, as 
I It will quickly take off the varnish. Allow it 
I to dry. The two ounces made the furniture 
of two rooms look like new. 

at. Louis, Mo. Dr. W. J. IIavnes. 

PlKn In the Orchard. — By turning our 
apple orchaid into a pig run we raised 17 
pi^s this year at small expense. Apples, 
grtibs and grass all went Into pork with 
proUt to the trees, the apples, the pigs and 
the owner. One of the results was good 
apples. Next year I Intend sowing the open 
si)aces to rape and peas, fencing them off 
and pasturing with pigs when they are ready. 
I would like to know If It Is a good plan to 
sow rape earlv In the Spring and pasture 
It as soon as ready, then sow aud raise a 
second crop for late feeding. 

Niagara, Ont. Jas. Skelto.v. 

Fire, wind and water* 

. „ proof, and low in 

price A knife aud liamimT all the tools iiwcensary. 
Stiuplo frre. THE A. f. S« A.N CO., 1I& >w.»u St., Aew York. 

Swan's Standard Roofing;. 

Carriages and Harness. 

Our Urn* TRKR oaUloguf tluiwH romrlfti Hnf . S.-ii 1 for It. 
KLkHART f ARRIAOa h HaHNEKS «»0. CO., Elkharl. In4. 

Sclentltic Grinding Mills rr^t'^^'n^'l^T'iorZ 

strong, exuci, reliable. t'utalOK Q mailed free. 
FOOS MFO. CO.. Hpr!niC0«ld, Ohio. 


CURED while you worli. 
You pay t-i when cured. 
_ _ _ No cure, no pay. 

AhMX. SPEIBB. B«z •!•. WeatbrMk, M alaa. 

KOD8 for locating cold and Bilver. lost 
treasure, etc. The only rod Bold under 
euarantee. Catalogue ic Add rebs. Bryant 
Bros.. F. O. Box la, *^ Ual las. Texaa. 

SURE CURE roo^fTi 

Capl. W. A. ColllBMv 
Box 22, SmltbTlll*, M. V. 




l>sUat Tmt*«* 

Royal K. Burnham, Attorney at- 

Law and Solicitor of Patents, va 

Bund HulldlnK, WaslilnKton, U.C. 

Booklet on patentH sent free. 

■•nU <ui4 M>k* a»»r Oi^l uf Tk«a. 

)■ Grind Your Cobs 

I late and placing on oiled paper to harden. 

! Or some of the fondant may be melted over 

I tiot water and peanut. Kngllsh walnut or 

other nut meatirdipped Into It and placed on 

oiled paper It may be better to ext)erlment 

with only one-half or one-uuarter this tjuan- 

titv until one learns Just now to make the 

fondant successfully. Svbil 

It tea. O. 

MakiiiK Son p. — When yon make soap 
again trv this plnn : Tut all scraps and salty 
grease Into an Iron or granite kettle. Now 
put a tenspoonful of lye In three gallons of 
water and pour this over the grease, then 
Imll till the grease Is absorbed by the lye. 
.Set out to cool, nnd when cool skim the grease 
off. Now follow the first recipe on Lewis lye 
can and vou can make soap In 'JO minutes, 
which Is 'much better than that which is 
boiled. MBS. Jou.v J. Griffith. 

Datcn, Mo. 

Virmt Plant Some Fruit — One of the 

most common mistakes to be met with all 
over our country Is the failure of so many of 
our people to plant some fruit trees and vines 
as soi>n as thev mme in possesalon of a home 
of their own. " Then It Is but a short time 
till their families will be supplied with fruit 
If thev will onlv plant. Four to five years 
with us will bring apples: 3 to 4 years will 
bring peaches, pears, plums and grapes. Then 
there la the luscious strawberry only one 
vear from plant lug. and what a pleasure It 
Is to see the ( hlldren and the older folks as 
well. eat. Those who are unable to buy 
fruit trees can grow their own with very 
little lalMir. We now have apple, peach and 
grapes growing and bearing fruit that we 
propagated ourselves. We find pleasure In 
plaaiiug grape seeds and watching to see 

Cold Blast Lanterns. 

They burn fresh cold airand that me.ana 
strong, pure white, steady light. For 
perfect convenience and safety, there is 
nothing that will so certainly suit your 
needs aa 


It to the cold blast kind. It can't blow 
out Just the right size, and Its Keneroua 
oil pot runs it 10 hours with one filling. 
It's the all service, all-season lantern to 
go with you and make the way plain 
about a hundred household dutins. Side 
lever raises the globe for trimming, 
lighting and extinguishing, and then 
lowers and locks it to the burner for ab- 
I sol<itoiw'>'i'. l^ok forDlota^tamjKKionths 
oil pot when you go to buy. If it's not 
don't Uke It. Th« dealer will get vou a DIeU, 
Writa (or our tree catalogue t<> <'ti'>o!ie. 

R. E. Diets Oompany, 
as LAisnt Street, New York. 

H-T-T Published monthly, 62 
paKes. Tells all at>outHuntini{.'Trap- 
plnij and Raw Furs. Sample copy, 
10c. Hunt«r.Tr»fl«r.Tr»»p«r, 
B*x Sa, GalUpoUa. OIkla. 

•ail make yonr oom go 
farther. The 



nd FeedlNIII 

Cob and 

wllieavf yuur corn, aud nave 
labor. Never rbokes. I.arin' 
capacity. Light draft. Rolu <>n 

Em Tll*l78end It back If not 
ett«r than others coetlntr murv. 


■ED HOLLUO. ri. 


U 'LZM> 


01. so m bmrrmi mnd um. 

Michigan Northern Grows sre always 
the best. 30 best varieties. Blikhl proof, 
enormous yielders. Highest quality, 
lowest prices. Sold in any quantity, one 
s.pound to a carload, luo-page Catalogue 
FREE on request. 

Mmrry M. Hammond Mamd Co. Ltd. 
m»M^T,BAr CITY. mien. 

Largest growers in America of Vegetable. 
Field and Flower Seeds. 



2 FST ('bv 



r^ 1 i--» rj LJ i_ M h' 


Pulverizing Harrow 

Clod Crusher and Lovslar 


To be returned at my expense if not satisfactory. 

The best pulverizer — cheapest Riding Har- 
row on earth. We also make walk- 
ing Acmes. The Acma 
crushes, cuts, oulverizes, 
I.. turns ana levels all 
soils for all pur- 
poses. Made en- 
tirely of cast steel 
•' and wrought iron 

Catalog and Booklet, *'.4i Jaeai liarron-: hy fif-nry, mailed free. 
I deliver free on board at New York. Chlcsfo, C«laiDbot, LoBltTllIt, Ksosas City, Mlnoes^olls, Sas Praadsoo, ste. 

3 T0 13 1*2FetT. 



\T* '-i' 


The PracticaIv Farmer 

January 10, 1903. 

X ostal dard Correspondence. 

Tbla department In Intended for abort cuiniiiunlca- 
tlonB only. We awnrd, each week, a prize of 26 centa 
for each poMtuI cnrd |<rinte(l In this department 
Comiiitinii-ittiiins inuBt \m written on postal cards; 
muHt conic from paid-up yearly HubHcrlU'rs; must be 
short and pointed, and thOHe preferred which give 
prices of t>roduce, news of the weather, pruKreMS of 
farm work, cropB, eti;. 

Scliolinrh' Co., N. Y., •l.'i miles from .Mbany. 
lOloven Inches of snow on the k>'ouiu1. Most 
fnrnnTs well up with their work. .XpfilcH a 
Kood rroj) : l.'."i,4i(»(» barrels In storage In thlH 
town: 7.X-. to .SI per bbl. ; potatoes scarce, 
"(»c, per 1)11.; liojis are a mmd price; 1(»0 
bales Hold for 'Mc per lb. : only a few lar>;e 
ciops retiiaiii unsold: It Is estliiiuted that 
only about one-iblrd of ijresent crop remains 
In Ki-owers' bands, ilav, loose, $112 to $1.'{: 
.\'o. 1 rye straw. SH to $l<t ; oat, $0 to $H 
per ton ; butter, 'S^ to li.'ic. per lb. ; eRRS, 
*_'"J<'. per do/.. ; cheese, from H> to l.'Jc. per 
lb. ; Hour, from ^" to !!:4.7r) ; rye flour, 
.*?.■!.."((» to $;i.7.'. i)er bbl. : Kood mlllliiK rye, 
."!.'» to ."<Sc. per bit.; buckwheat, .Sl.."iO to 
."jil.lo |ier cwl. : corn. Albany insjiectlon. No. 
;'. yellow, (i,Sc. per bii. : bran, sacked, |l'.t; 
middlings, sacked, .fIS to .f_'l per ton; rve 
fe-d. !»(!<■.; corn meal, $1.1;.") to .$1.:{0; >?'>"<1 
milling buckwheat, .SI o'l to $1.4i) per <wt. ; 
horses, from ^li.'i to $1.">(1; fancy matched 
teams higher; cows, ."f.'lu to js.'di each for 
Sprliijrer*: : coal, ifT.U." per ton. and scarcely 
any stofk. li. K. Wi.v.sLow. 

Coblesklll, \. Y., I>ec. ao, I'.toii. 

Situated in Anson Co.. u<'ar the South 
Cnrolliia line. i'armers are In K<>od shape 
for another year. Corn crop very good: 
wlieiit IlK'it <'rop : oats Kood : cotton al>out 
two-tlilrds of a i-rop : all gathered: mostly 
Bold; sweet potatoes average croj) ; Irish po- 
tatoes line : we plaiit<>d liUss's Trlum|)h In 
the Spring: In August planted our Fall crop 
from seed of the .Spring crop, and never had 
finer. The past Fail was an Ideal one for 
nmturlng ;tii<l gatlie'-lng of all crops. .No 
frost to do any damage until Nov. 27th. 
Prices : Wheat. -SI ; corn, 
peas. 7.'"i<-. to .<1 per bn. 
!(!1.''<»: covvs in milk, from 
dry <'ows and steers, '21., i 
chickens. ;iO to .">(•<•. apfece 
dtiz. : butter, liOc per lb. : 

per doz. ; potatoes, Mc per bu. ; hay, $10 
j)er ton; I'orn meal, !fl.4(»; beans, $1.10; cot- 
ton seed njeal, i(!l..")() i)er cwt. ; Hour, $4.75 
oer bbl. ; farm help scarce at $1 per day and 
board. A. S. Mookk. 

Morrlsville, Vt., Dec. UO. lOOli. 

Located In Tioga Co., 5 miles west of 
W'ellsboro, the county seat. Cold, wet Sum- 
mei'. but as nice a Fall for flolng work as 
have bad for umny years. Have had good 
sleighing since |)ec. <ith ; snow is 14 iu<'hes 
deep. Hay and corn were less than three- 
i|uaiiers croj) : oais good : potatoes one-half 
crop; a|)ples good. I'rices : hay, $Ht: straw, 
i!;4..)t» to .S.'t per ton ; oats. ."{."«•. ; <'orn, »)i»c. 
jier bu. : buikwheat. ."Sl.l.'i per cwt. ; turkeys, 
live, !:."/■.><•.; chickens, Itic. ; bogs, dres.sed, 
8c. per lb.: fat cattle scarce; good lM)rseH 
SKKi to .$1MM): cows, $JH to $40; sheep. $2..'.0 
to $.'{ each; iambs, 4 '/^ to .'ic. per lb.; eggs, 
:;h to ;((»(•. oer doz. ; butter, I'.'x-. per lb. ; 
wages are high : good help scan-e at $1 to 
$1.00 per day ; house help. $.3 per week. 

J.v.s. K. Fl.SCIlLKR. 

Splcewood, I'a., I>ec. 2U, 11*01'. 

This part of the State is known as the 
piney woods, but since nearly all the pine 
trees have been cut and sent to .Northern 
markets, the people are turning their atten- 
tion more to farming. Cotton Is king no 
longer here, for the peanut has come as a 
staunch rival. Feaiiuts are a great hog food 
and thousands of hogs are fattened on them 
every Winter. .Many cattle are raised here 
and are proll table, as they have to be fed 
only alH)Ut two months In the year. Heef Is 
wi)rth .") to (ic. ; pork, 7c.; peanuts, 'JVtC. per 
Ib^: corn, «!»•(•.: cow peas, $1; cotton seed, 
L'.*!*'. per bu. : wages, .$«! to $!(• per month. 
CrojjH nearly all gathered. i'eopie indus- 
trious and prospering. J. H. Jo.nks. 

Uoxobel, N. C, i>ec. L'7, l!»t»l'. 

.")0c. ; oats, fi.'ic. ; 
: horses. $100 to 
.Si'.", to $.".0 each ; 
. per lb. on foot ; 
; eggs, I'Oc. per 
sweet potatoes, 
r>Oc. per bu. ; sorghum. 40c. per gal. Tills 
Is tlie season of the year when Northern 
fanners should buy their cow jieas, before 
they go up in price. T. J. \V.\TKl.\.s. 

I'oplar lllli. N. C, Dec. 27, ll)Ol». 

Northwest I'ennsylvanla. Crawford Co. A 
good ml.ved farming and dairy country with 
stoi k raising: good many <'olts raised, and 
hogs and cattle shl|)ped out every week. Some 
line butter and cheese made. .More silos go- 
ing ui> every year : had ours nine years ; cost 
•S.'o. but |>aid for Itself every year. Hay 
moderate crop and badly put up; "$H to $1».!jO 
per Ion; wheat fair; oats good crop; corn 
spoiled by wet season ; potatoes one-half 
'yield of i'i;M crop ; some buckwheat. Stock 
went to full Winter feed timt week In Decem- 
l>er. November very warm. Farm woric well 
along. I'at cattle. :iUj to 4c.; hogs. T> 
to 5'/jo. ; lambs. 4'<,c. j»er lb.; wiieat. 80c.; 
corn. <;•»(•. ; buckwheat. .''•Oc. ; oats, 3.'c. per 
bu. ; butter. 2.'> to 27c. per lb. : eggs. 25c. per 
«I<)Z. Many f.irmers will buy corn ; other 
feed plenty. I'armers would drain land and 

Located in Southeastern Kansas 
had an excess of rain all Summer 
thus far In the Winter 
lost and mui-b wheat 
wet weather; corn la 
good deal still In the 
bite tomato vines, etc., 
is a month later than 

We have 

Fail and 

Most of the flax was 

and oats damaged by 

usually good, but a 

field. I'lrst freeze lo 

came Nov. 27. which 

usual. Considerable 

liniirovements going on in I'arsons and 
vicinity. A new $1o.(Iih) Y. M. C. A. build- 
ing Is Hearing completion In I'arsons. Work 
Is being pushed on the new State Asylum for 
Insane near the city. Kggs, 22c. per doz. ; 

butter, 22( 
;i'/j to 4c. 
corn, .'Uc. ; 


. ; hens, 7c.; hogs, rt^jc.; cattle, 
per lb. ; wheat, Ooe. ; oats, 20c. ; 
potatoes. 50c. per l)u. 

c. I). Lynd. 
Kan., Dec. 2.j, l'.>o2. 



Located In Crainger Co., F.ast Tennessee, 
near Clinch Mt. Crops very light this year, 
owing to drought. I'rices as follows: Corn. 
50<'. ; wheat. 7<»c. ; oat.s. 50c. : potatoes. 00c. ; 
$1 per bu. ; milch cows. $20 to $4(» ; 
ses. $.'')0 to $101) each; hogs. Cc ; chickens. 
He. ; butter. 2i»c. oer lb. ; eggs. 22c. per doz. 
We have had a line Fall for work. Wheat 
and rye looking well. .Much lumbering is 
being done on Clinch Mt. Wages, 50c. to $1 
per day. Kiciiaku C. c.^mfok. 

Tate Spring. Tenn., Dec. 25, 1}>02. 

do much more 
ha«l for money. 

thing loose. 

Connenut Lake, 

work, but help cannot be 
The iron mills get every- 

1». M. SHO.VTZ. 

I'a., Dec. 2y, ll>02. 

Chariton Co. Is located In North Central 
Missouri. Crops of all kinds above an aver- 
age this year. Trices for everytlilng except 
wheat are fair. Corn is now selling at the 
railroad ft.r .■{.'Ic ; oats. 25c. ; wheat, 50c. per 
bu. : hay, $0 per ton ; butter, 2<>c. per lb. ; 
eggs, 2<tc. per doz. A heavy emigration from 
Iowa and Illinois, and as a result. land has 
advanced. .Much land now changing hands 
nt from .545 to $55 per acre. Less desirable 
land flirt iter from railroad selling at from 
$ait to $4u per acre. Nathan Claik. 

Newhall. .Mo., Dec. 27, 19o2. 

Kenfonville. Itenlon Co.. Ark., 1.400 feet 
above sen level. .Northwest C4innty of the 
State. Two rnltroHds run through the 
county from nortli to south and one east and 
west. l'..|iuliitlon. .•{5.(MM». ^:^^, public schools 
and 4 a<ademies, with plenty of ihurcbes and 
.Sunday Schools ibut no saloons) to encour- 
age good iltlzenshlo. The banner county in 
the world for fruit ; .'{.o(h»,(mm» fruit trees 
which had good irofis last year and this; 
tUi.noo barrels of apples now 'in c<)ld storage. 
Aj>ples are worth ■*! ; corn, 4t»c. ; wheat. 
•5.K'. ; potatoes, r.oc. : sweet potatoes, 50c. 
per 1)11. : eggs. 2<»c. per doz. ; butter. 2."c. ; 
meats. 10 to 15c. : hogs. 4c. per lb. ; cows. $25 
to S."?!) for Jerseys; horses. $;{«» to $150; 
mules, .«•;<» to $l5o each. T'nnsual weather; 
cloudy and rainy this Fall, preventing farm 
work. First killing frost .Nov. 27 ; four 
Inches snow Dec. :{. W. H. Yof.NO. 

Hentonvllle. Ark., Dec. 20, 1002. 

After one of the driest Summers we have 
ex[)erlen<-,d one of the wettest I'alls, but 
this ls_ model Texas weather. First frost 
Nov. 27. Cotton, main crop. Is about gath- 
ered and short lo per cent. Manv farmers 
from i:ast settling here and planting orchards 
which are paying well. .Much reading among 
farmers ; I' F. soreading out slowlv, and out- 
look Is bright. \Ve raise two <rops cow peas 
each year. I'rices as follows: Cotton. $7.40 
per cwt. : corn. 00c, ; wheat. 7.5c. : oats. 4.'c. 
uer bu. ; hay. $0 to $1ii per ton ; chickens. 
$.'{ ; eggs. 1:0c. per doz ; hogs, 7c : beef 
""ic. per !b.. gross. W.M. W. IJha.nom. 

Located li. Hall Co.. 2 miles south of 
Gainesville, on the Southern K. R. Very 
nice weather except occasional rains; the 
coldest weather we have had up to this time 
was ;{0 degrees alsjve zero. Wheat all up 
and looking fine and a good acreage. Verv 
few oats sowed In this .section. Itye looking 
well. I'rices are alnjut as follows: Cotton, 
8c. per lb.; cotton see«I, 22c.: wheat, $1.00; 
corn, 50 to 00c. : oats, 05c.: rye. 7.5c.': sweet 
potatoes, .*t5c. per bu. ; pork 8c. per lb. ; 
( hickens. fries. 15 to 20c. ; hens. 25 to 2.Sc. 
each ; eggs, 20c. per doz. ; butter, 15c per 
lb. ; hogs, s( arce and high ; pigs, 5 to 
weeks old. $5 i)er pair. Land high, from 
$10 to $.'10 per a<re : wood. $1.75 per cord; 
farm labor. 50c. per day. (lood scliools and 
rbiircbes. Very little Fall plowing done, 
except sowing of grain, owing to wet weather. 
Success to the I'. F. j. a. Si.oa.n 

Smitum, (Ja., Dec. 29, 1002. 

ones. Cow peaa. 80c. ; com, 95c. ; sweet po- 
tatoes, 40c. ; Irish potatoes, $1.00, per bu. 
Quite a colony of Northern people settled 
here and doing well. K. J. cJla.vz. 

Conway, S. C, Dec. 20, 1902. 

Located In Champaign Co., In the great 
corn belt. An Immense crop, but not all 
I gathered on account of bad weather. Land 
1 sells from $125 to $l."o per acre, i'rices: 
I Hogs, $5.50 to $5.70 per cwt. ; corn, ."{0 to 
3Hc. ; oats, 20 to 27c., per bu. : turkeys, 12c. ; 
chickens, O'/^c., per lb. Hired help, $1H to 
$-■' oer month. The State I'nlverslty is lo- 
cated at Champulgn. Our county has been 
selected l)y the I'oslai Authorities as the 

represent at I V )unty of the State, by which 

the mall will be delivered to every house In 
the county. Mas. Sit; Co.nulkto.n. 

Tolono, III., Dec. 29, 1902. 

The laud In this country Is mostly rolling, 
with some flat or swale "land. Is generally 
very fertile, producing all kinds of cereals 
and vegetables and hay. Is well watered by 
springs and mountain streams and the best 
of wells. The people are enterprising and 
possessed Willi modern Ideas. Klectrlc rail- 
ways, electric lights and telephones are be- 
ing constructed all over the western half of 
county. Land Is advancing In price. Im- 
proved land bi'ing worili from $25 to $100 
per acre, owing to location. The weather 
was very dry up to .November 10th; since 
then have Iind lots of rain, but no freezing up 
to date. I'rices: I'ork, 5'/. live and O'/i 
dressed; chiikens, 9 to lOc., live weight; 
turkeys, 14c., per lb. ; cows. $.'{0 to $."j(». 

10. L. Ks.NAur. 

Hubbard, Ore., Dec. 24, 1902. 

Located In Northern Illinois. 88 miles west 
of Chicago, on the C. & N. W. K. U. Farm- 
ing and stock raising the principal Industries. 
This season was unusuallv wet in this section 
from May 1st to October 20th. putting farm- 
ers back with tlieir work fully four weeks. 
On account of soft ground, hundreds of acres 
of oats were left in the field. Hay was put 
up In ijad shape, some farmers using six 
horses to draw a load. Soil Is a black loam, 
worth from .SKo to $150 per acre. I'rices: 
Corn, 42c. : oats. 29c. per bu. ; hav, $10 per 
ton ; jiotatoes, .50c. per bu. ; butter. 25c. per 
lb.; eggs, 2.1<-. per doz.; fat cattle, 4 to 4V,c. 
hogs, Oc. per 11)., on foot: cows, $,'10 to X.5u ; 
horses, $5(t to $1S(» each. Wood advanced 
from $2.00 per cord to -SLOO. on account of 
hard coal famine. We have zero weather at 
present, and 2 Inches of snow. Lots of 
corn to husk yet. Otto (J. 1'ktbie. 

Franklin Orove. III.. Dec. 29. 1902. 

"For the land's sake" — use Rowker's Fer- 
tilizers. They enrich the earth and the 
men who till It. Address nearest office 
Boston, New York or Cincinnati. 


Located 3'/. miles south of Harbor Reach, 
..uron Co., Mich. Cold weather and snow- 
ni' Late sown Fall wheat and rye looking 
wor. 'I'his Is a sugar Iwet section ; sugar 
beets fair crop; oats large yield, but light 
w eight ; wheat, good crop ; corn fodder, good 
crop but ears poor and didn't get rii)e ; early 
i»otatoes, good crop; blight struck late potu'- 
toes : hay, good croj). Fast season very wet 
and backward, not much Fail plowing done. 
I'rices : Wheat. 74c. : oats. .'{Oc. : rve. 4.5c. ; 
notatoes. 50c. per bu. ; eggs. 21c. per doz. ; 
butter. 17c.; hogs, live. 5i,c. ; cattle, .'{c. 
per lb. ; hay, $0 per ton. Success to the I'. F. 

R. R. Li.NcoLX. 

Harbor Reach. Mich.. Dec. 28. 1902. 

Choice i'lvmoutb RookH. — We want to 
call the attention of our readers to the ad- 
vertisement of J. W. Parks. .Mtoona. I'a.. of 
choice Rarred I'lymouth Kock cockerels, 
wh'ch he offers for sale. .Mr. i'arks bought 
the entire stock and good will of II. F. Cox, 
who bred chleily fo,. fgg production for 
many years and whose birds attained aa 
a\erage of 198 eggs each In a year. For In- 
troducing new blood a cockerel of this stock 
Is of very great value. 



Over 70 sizeH anil Hlvles. Kend for catalogue. 
WIL<I<IA9I« BHO»., Itbaca, IV. Y. 

Send for g^ A Wj fj f A g^ 17CS at f!ao- 

lOgUe r^f p..|.w.. 

Tk* I'vlunbui Ccrrliite * HmrncM Co., Box 728, Coluabut, Ohio. 

DroCCOfl Pniiltrv ^-'^^ poultry, bogs, calves, beans, 

UIC99CU rUUIIIJ hay, Btraw and produce sold on 

connlgnment. Prompt cash returns. Kstahlished 1844. 

eiBBM A BRO.. Com. Hera., Plillada. 


Productive soil, delightful climate. Free catalogut, 
R. B. CUAFFIN 4c CO., Incorp., RIchmoiid. Ym. 


We can get cash for your farm wherever located. Send 
description and we will show you how. Bank reference. 
A. A. ROTTN ER A CO., KttabUthed 1893. 
896 Real Estate Trust Bids., PiitlA., Pa. 

The Old Reliabs 



•a-'-T se<-<J, tlir.c. strpnirUl. 
tuwB all ttic Heeds. Alwaja 
iiiirorm. The staud-by (or 44 


8ower*s Manual Free. 

W tjM. «b»., huv mn4:li to luw. CoT«n 
ftllfl««dlnx •utjMll. l;v*rTfvill«rlho«td 
h*T« It. Write for il to-.Uj. 


82M«lii8(r»ot, Aslria, H. H. 



Located 22 miles south of Lancaster City, 
county seat. Have had some very cold 
weather; at present It Is warm and verv wet 
«heat looking line. Some llv. Oats" fair; 
hay short ; potatoes good ; apples good, but 
not kee()lng. I'rices: Wheat. "Oe. ; corn. M\v. ; 
oats. .'{.(c. ; potatoes. •;oc. ; apples. <;oc.. per 
bu. ; hay. In wire, ?14 per ton ; turkeys, 12 
to 14c.; chickens, 1(» to lie. per lb " 
2Sc. |>er do/. ; butter 
!K7..'0 per cwt. 
horses, $2."» to 
kitchen and outside ILviiiiv F 

Fairmount, I'a., Dec. ;5o, 1002. 

•'•c. per 
; dres.setl cows. $2 
fl".">. I'arm help. 


lb. ; pork. 

'• to $*Mi ; 

scarce in 



>anner, Te.xas. L>ec. 


Lamoille Co., Vf. Very cold weather; mer- 
cury went down 24 degrees below zero on 
Monday, I»ec. sth. and the wind blew a gale: 
It was the loldest known for the time of 
year for over 9<» .years. Snow enough for 
good sleighing. Stock plenty and verv cheap 
l»rovers iMjughf <ntlle and sheep for" Ic. |)er 
ib. State tiuiinintined on nc«oiint of foot 
r.nd mouth dls.-ase. and all stock has to be 
^hlitped to market dressed. Farrow cows, 
$12: cows coming In In Spring. JlTi to $18 
per head; lambs 7.'i pounds and over, .'IV^c. ; 
•'••"> pounds. 2 '<,.•.: beef, Th-.: hogs, "c 
dressed ; butter. 25c. per lb. : eggs 27 to 30c' 

We are situated .'I miles from Mexico. N Y., 
in Oswego Co., and 4 mll«>s from Lake On- 
tario. The past season has l)een unusually 
wet and cold, although we had very nice 
wt-ather through .November. Verv little corn 
matured. This Is principally a dnirv section, 
milk being sold to . reamery situated In the 
village of .Mexico, with an output of 2.."i00 
pounds of l)ntter oer day. I'rices as follows : 
Rutter, :{0c. per lb. : eggs. 2.".c. per doz. ; po- 
tatoes. 70c. : oats. 4."c. ; <orn, (lie, per bn • 
hay. $10 per Ion ; pork, dressed. $7 per cwt ' 
shorts. $li> per ton. Fine sleighing now' 
Snow about 1 U^ feet deep on a level Farm 
iielp very scarce. Rkht Vouce. 

.Mexico, .\. Y., Dec. 29. 1902. 

Located In the northeast county of the 
Slate. ;{ miles from Conway, the county seat, 
whbh Is lK>omlng greatly nt the present 
time, on account of the i<rosperltv of farmers, 
wlio are growing tobacco, strawberries and 
truck crops, all of which have l)een started 
within the last .{ y.-ars. We had our llrst 
killing frost some days ago. and at present 
we have l)rlght. sunny. Summer weather. 
Strawberries have been growing and bloom- 
ing up to the present, with occasional ripe 

From the Factory— To the Farm. 

Qllll nmiS linplcments is our business. 
RAKES, FIELD ROLLEItS, etc., that are up- 
to-date, with the latest Improvements. Every 
machine warranted strictly flrst-class. 

We have l)een In the manufacturing buRlness 
Blnire 187«; ourmuchiiies are used in every state 
of the union. It will cost you only a postage 
stanap to write us what you need and we tan 
saveyoumany dotiurs. Write us today. 

THE H. P. OeUSCUeR CO.. Uamllkn, Ohio. 



Sell Advance Fence 

Direct to Farmers at Manufacturer's Prices. 

Tliis pl.-in Mol only saves you the middleman's 
profit, but at the same time gives you the best 
all round farm fence. Many heiehts to suit all 
faim purposes. Entirely interwoven. No loose 
ends to unravel, ruining fence. Write to-day. 
H.-jve fenre ready when you need it. 
AOVANCK FK.VCE «0., 141 O Bt., PewU, lU. 

iada for the Htt 

Who Waott tte 


Manure Spreader 


maojr advaatatres which it possf<,s*s. It'salwayt 

In place and reaily to receive the loa^i without 

"-y tvirnint; liatlc either l>y hand <ir complicated, 

easily bruken machinery. 1 he front and real 

^^^^ axles are of lame length which, with the 

^S^^ Broad Tires Prevents Ruttins 

-._ — of field». meadows, etc. and makes 

LIGHT DRIFT. SPREADS ILL KINDS OF MINURE, sp':;a^d7.-.;TM!':;c^':rheKtn"e:» 

nulls, etc. 0«a be ehaaceil Inntaatlr t« aprvad thick or thin while thr machine la In notion— « to Sft 


and '.old Dn«|T||fr CHIDIHTCC ^ to«"'Nt7. opacity and durabnny. All parts breaking wKhIn one yea« 

un.Jtra rUOlllfC aUlnlR IKK will t>ereplsred without chsree. WrIU rorft«eiiluatrstedandI>e»crpUT« 
t/atalofae— the best and most compWe ipreadrr ritaI"ireverpuMi<hed. 



Hood Farm Milk Fever Cure 
(Improved Schruidt Treatment 
complete) saves the lives of the 
most valuable cows. Can be ap- 
plied after the cow is unconscious. 
Three treatments, $2.50. Sent to 
any railroad express point in the 
United States. $2.75. 

C. I. Hood & Co., 
Mention this Paper. Lowell, Mass. 


In* !«»'' 

a»d NiBfU 


II »e. 

Hill sad 



of the 


workers that have made the Iron Age line of farm and garden Implement! 
known all over thecontlneiit. You can make more money this year than laat 
If you will decide now to let them help you. Look at the good polntaof 

■•. 1 

iroa A«« 

■od Slaala 
Whatl iIm 


tton Age Implements 

, Paul* Flulrr. 

Figure out how much time, work, seed, fertllt- 
ter, Ac, you miKht save with a verv amall 
outlay, by buyloR Iron Age ImplementH. 
They have won their way hy hon- 
est performanceof fvery proniiae. 
Write for ft-ee book. 

Box 101, 
Crenlooh, N. J. 

No. 60 Iroa Aft* 
rtrat WkMl I'BlUtator. 









Vol.86. No. 3. 

Philadelphia, January 17, J 903. 

Price r> (yVnt'^ <'*' !»«'•■ i>«r 

A HV.C, fj VytJlJl^. ^ la Advance 

Published Weekly By 


Market & 18th Sts., Philadelphia, Pa. 


SPECIAL NOTE.— Mr. Terry writes ezelu- 
tively for The Practical Farmer, and for no 
other paper or magazine. Tell your friendt i, 
they want to know what Mr. :'erry han to »ay on 
ugricnltHral matters every week they must read 
The Practical Farmer. 

One More Cow Ration. 

Walter Rush, New Brunswick, N. J., 
asks what proportloas of corn fodder, 
corn stalks, corn and cob meal and fresh 
brewers' grains to feed in order that his 
cows may have a balanced ration for 
making milk. I suppose by fresh brew- 
ers' grains he means he buys them in a 
wet condition, not dried, as they some- 
times are. In round numljers it takes 
about 4 pounds of the wet grains to 
make one pound of the dry. Well now, 
let us look at the nutritive ratio of the 
different kinds of food named. The nu- 
tritive ratio, you know, is the propor- 
tion between protein and the carbohy- 
drates and fat. The Wisconsin stand- 
ard puts this ratio in a balanced ration 
at 1:6.8. The ratio of corn fodder is 
given as 1:14.9; or corn stalks. 1:19.9; 
of corn and cob meal, 1:15.1; of wet 
brewers' grains. 1:.3.2. You can all see 
that each one of the first three foods is 
seriously short in protein, while the 
brewers' grains are strong in this ele- 
ment, very strong. The only way. then, 
to balance up a ration where these foods 
are used is to feed brewers" grains large- 
ly. Look over following table carefully: 









10 pounds corn fcHlder i 5.JW .i> .H.T.l 

lU (tonndH corn HtulkM i «. .17 1 :^.^o 

4 pouiidx corn and coh meal . XMt .I7« 2.tW 

4U pouudM wet brewers' KruluH tf.iMJ l..i« i 5. 


Win. Btaudard... 


2.1d«i; NTH 
2.2 I 14.» 

This an.ount fed to a 1000-pound row 
per day would, on the average, give her 
practically what nutrition she needed. 
You dee it comes very close to the stand- 
ard Now whether It will do to feed 
that amount of wet brewers' grains 
daily I do not know, not having had any 
experience with them. Perhaps it 
might answer, but it makes a heavy 
grain ration. If this amount of grain. 
In connection with corn and cob meal, 
is too much concentrated feed, then a 
proper ration cannot be made out of 
foods named. This table may be of use 
to others in showing how little protein 
there is in corn fodder, corn stalks and 
corn and cob meal. It will take a good 
deal of some grain food rich In protein 
to make a proper ration, in connection 
with these. The grain feeds that will 
do it are cotton seed meal. .372 of pro- 
tein in one pound; linseed meal, old 

process, .293; linseed meal, new pro- 
cess, .282; buckwheat middlings, 
.220; gluten feed. .194; malt sprouts. 
.186; brewers' grains, dry. .157; wheat 
middlings, .128; wheat bran, .122; brew- 
ers' grains, wet. .039, etc., etc. The 
brewers' grains, wet, do not seem to 
make much showing, but it is because 
they are about three-quarters water, 
about like corn silage. Take the water 
out, or allow for it, and you see they 
stand above wheat bran. 

Cooking Food for Stock Does Not 
Pay. — Aml) Atherton, Boston, sends 
a statement made by the Society of 
Shakers at I.,ebanon, N. Y., some fifty 
years ago. as published in Patent Office 
Report. "The experience of more than 
thirty years leads us to estimate ground 
corn one-third higher than unground. 
as food for cattle, and especially for 
fattening pigs. The same long experi- 
ence leads us to put a higher value on 
cooked than on raw meal, and for fat- 
tening animals, swine in particular, we 
consider three of cooked equal to four 
bushels of raw meal." Friend Atherton 
writes that there are several cookers 
now on the market and the manufactur- 
ers are making extravagant claims for 
them. But in spite of all this he read 
recently in an agricultural paper that 
there was not enough advantage in 
cooking to cover the expense. Well, I 
think we can safely say that this last 
statement is entirely correct. So far as 
I know the general experience of the 
Experiment Stations and of our best 
feeders, who have given the matter a 
continued trial, is that cooking does not 
pay, except when you have potatoes to 
feed to pigs in quantity. So long as 
there are people who do not read much, 
and who are ready to accept the state- 
ments made in circulars as facts. Just 
so long will there be found plenty of 
farmers who will part with good money 
for a cooker. Years ago the agents used 
to follow our Institutes around and try 
to make money out of the crowd we 
drew into town. But that is a thing of 
the past. They steer clear of us entire- 
ly now. Thpy do not want our attention 
called to the matter, so we will caution 
the people. They fear the truth. It 
should be said that feeders for the show 
ring report that they can force animals 
faster on cooked food sometimes, but 
for ordinary farm feeding there is no 
money in cooking grain. 

A Brick Filter for Cistern. — P. S. 
Rhodes, Woodstock, Va., intends to 
build a cistern to supply drinking water 
for home use. He asks how the filters 
in our cisterns are constructed, and if 
they continue to give satisfaction. The 
cistern at our home was built 19 years 
ago last Summer. The filter is simply 
a brick wall or partition, laid up In 
mortar, using a little cement in it. The 
wall is four inches thick; that is. the 
bricks are laid on flat sides, not on 
edges. We used fairly well burned 
bricks. I supposed soft ones would be 
needed, but the mason said not. This 
filter wall is laid on a slight curve. In 
such a way that about two-thirds of the 
space in cistern is on one side. Into 
this the water comes from roof. Out of 
the other we pump water. The water 
la filtered by passing through the brick 
wall. The curving of wall is to prevent 
the pressure of water, when It comes in, 
from pushing wall over before it has 
time to filter through. There should be 
space enough above filter wall so one 
can get down Into either part to clean 
out. There should be an outlet, or 
waste pipe, on side that water comes In, 
just a little below top of filter wall, so 

when cistern is full water will fiow out 
and not rise so as to go over the filter 
wall. Do not lay filter wall until after 
cistern is cemented inside, sides and 
bottom. Of course you must not cement 
the filter wall, but leave it just as laid 
up. It doesn't seem as though water 
would get through, but it does. Now we 
burn only wood and anthracite, and 
with an occasional cleaning of cistern 
the water Is always clear and nice. We 
also have a slate roof. All these things 
help. With a shingle roof and burning 
of soft coal it would, of course, be more 
difficult to keep water clear. These fil- 
ters arc in use quite generally in our 
locality. 1 do not see but ours does as 
well as ever. 1 think cistern should be 
cleaned once a year, and if you will take 
the trouble to turn water off first few 
minutes of a rain, thus cleaning roof 
some before any goes into cistern, the 
results will be Ijetter. We have not 
done this, but intend, when pipes are 
renewed, to have them fixed so we can. 
It would hardly be necessary with our 
slate roof an<l hard coal. If it wasn't for 
birds on the roof. Before constructing 
the brick partition filter we tried run- 
ning water through a small cistern first, 
with layers oi small stones, gravel, sand 
and charcoal in It. but It was not as sat- 
isfactory as the simple brick wall. It 
needed overhauling too often and water 
was never any clearer. 

Making an Artificial Pond.— W. P. 
Edwards, Boston, writes as follows: "I 
have on my place a natural basin of 
swampy land containing about 10 acres. 
This basin Is surrounded by high land, 
except for about tJO feet. A .5-acre pond 
of water fed by springs is within 400 
feet of it. I desire, on account of the 
value of ice, to build a bank across the 
outlet of this basin, thus forming an 
artifii lai pond of ten acres. I can dig a 
trench from o-acre pond to wells, over 
which three windmills, with irrigation 
pumps attached, working, will, 1 think, 
prove sufficient to keep pond supplied 
with water. Thnre are some springs 
around the basin that will help. The 
outlet to basin is soft and mucky. How 
wide should dam be? Is the plan a 
practicable one? The land is of no use 
for any other purpose." I think your 
plan Is all right. The width of dam 
will depend on how deep you want the 
water and the character of soil used for 
constructing it. You will have to re- 
move the muck down to the clay first of 
all. Then if you can use clay for filling 
a bank wide enough to drive across that 
will probably be all you need, for any 
reasonable depth of water. If it Is not 
it will be easy to make It wider after 
you once get a road across the 60 feet. 
Get a sod over the dam as soon as possi- 
ble. This will help much about holding 
the earth. Muskrats play the mischief, 
usually, with such a dam. making holes, 
through which water gets a start. If 
small stones are plenty it would be no 
great job to cover the upper side below 
water level. If you do not. catch the 
rats when they come around. If you 
did not remove the muck under the 
dam probably the water would find its 
way through it, unless it was largely 
clay, and it would be a difficult matter 
to fix it afterwards. I suppose that the 
5-acre pond Is lower than the basin, or 
else you would not think of pumping 
the water. If it was higher of course 
you would cut a channel through for 
water, putting In tiles or pipes, and 
avoid pumping. Water could be car- 
ried over a by a siphon also, per- 
haps, thus saving much digging. It 
would not require such a great amount 

01 water to fill pond in the Fall when 
it was cool enough so there was not 
much evaporation. It might be well to 
put a pipe through dam at bottom of 
basin so you could let water out in Sum- 
mer if you wanted to, or you might 
keep up the pond and raise fish. I have 
known of l)oth being done, frequently. 
And I have known of ponds filled by sur- 
face fiow of water during the Fall rains, 
where considerable land drained that 
way. Quite a few of our readers proba- 
bly have convenient places for ponds. 
Health Hints. — Why Some People 
and Animals Need Salt.— Wm. Stlmp- 
son, Fair Hope, Ala., writes that he 
agrees with the P. F. that we must get 
the mineral matter the body requires 
from the food eaten, and he does not 
think salt any exception to this rule. 
Although a little salt may not do any 
particular harm, he believes that men 
and animals get all they need from 
their food. He says further that au- 
thorities advise keeping salt before 
cows and horses, and still animals in a 
wild state do not get salt, and why 
should domestic animals have It when 
living on and grain, natural 
foods? Miuh time has been sQ^^vt iq 
the Investigation of this matter by 
scientists, particularly In Germany. It 
would take a book to cover the subject, 
but I can give you some points brlefiv! 
Plant eating animals require more salt 
than flesh eating ones. Prof. M. L. Hoi- 
brook, of New York Medical College, 
etc.. says some plant eating animals are 
so greedy for salt that they will travel 
long distances to salt licks, in order to 
obtain It. which Is never the case with 
carniverous animals. And still there Is 
just about the same amount of salt In 
the food in both cases. How can we ex- 
plain this? Further, Dr. Bunge has 
fount! that people who have long lived 
mainly on flesh, such as hunters, fisher- 
men, ptc. do not care for salt. There 
are tribes now. plenty of them, who 
have sjilt mines, or live near the sea 
so they could get salt, and still they use 
none; but they are flesh eating people. 
On the other hand, there are native 
tribes in Africa who cultivate the soil 
and eat Its products and they have a 
great craving for salt. On the west 
coast of Africa it Is said that a man 
would sell his wife and children for 
salt. A war between tribes for the pos- 
session of a salt spring is not uncom- 
mon. Salt Is no mere luxury to them, 
evidently, but a necessity. Now how 
can we harmonize these conflicting 
statements? Well. Dr. Bunge has shown 
by numerous experiments that the eat- 
ing of food rich in potash salts takes an 
increased amount of soda from tho 
body, and the addition of common salt 
to the food Is a scientific necessity. We 
may say. however, that this salt is re- 
quired rather to change the form of 
or neutralize the excess of potash salts! 
than to furnish a supply for the body 
directly. Now If we examine the food 
of men and animals living on a vegeta- 
ble diet we will find in' it from two to 
four times as much salts as in 
the food of the flesh eaters, while there 
Is- about the same amount of com- 
mon salt. There you have the pith of 
the matter, so far as Is known. You 
could not live long on potatoes without 
salt, and they are very rich In potash. 
Llebig says that there seeems to be a 
popular instinct that calls for salt on 
food that Is largely composed of starch, 
and these foods are the verv ones that 
are strong In potash. Dr. Holbrook verv 
wisely says that a majority of people 
eat too much salt, using it as a condl- 



Thh Practical Karmer 

January 17. 1903. 


January 17, 1903. 

The Practicai. Karpvier 






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Not only best goods at lowest prices, but PROMPT SHIPMENTS 
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business. Ninety^seven out of every hundred orders are shipped within 
Z days after being received and thousands are shipped the same day. 

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catalogue you can buy every' 
thing you need at wholesale 
prices. Fill out the coupon 
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for our catalogue TODAY 
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you n»9d, 
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Look ahmad — 

Bmttmr begin by 

filling out 

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Write for special 
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Sc-ncI f..r,;,jc loDAV an.l U' l fcaily f..r Si.rint •fixinj; up." 

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Write very plain. 
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Montgomery Ward <$* Co., Chicago 

nient rathe^r than to meet a phyRlologl- 
tal net'd. Hut so far as we know now 
Halt Is a necessity, more or less of it, 
with vegetable foods. The common in- 
stinct, in a general way is correct, and 
so is the pr. ctice of letting cows and 
horses have a chunk of rock salt before 
them to lick from at will. 

Speaking of the potash in potatoes 
calls up another matter that may be of 
Interest to some. A lady was visiting 
here once who had trouble with her 
stomach. Following the doctor's orders 
she ate very little or no potato. Why? 
simply because potash salts in large 
quantities cause trouble with the mu- 
cous meml)rane lining of the stomach 
aild intestines, and potatoes coatain an 
unusually large amount of this material. 
Ppople. with weak stomachs should eat 
rice instead of potatoes, as riie contains 
only about one-twentieth as much pot- 
ash. Immediately you may say, then 
why do we eat salt on rice? It is not 
needed. It is simply a habit that Ameri- 
cans have. It is said that whole nations 
of rice eating people use no salt on rice. 

c^. /s . y^^. 


How to Make a Cranberry Bog. 


The ignorance or indifference which 
has permitted thousands of acres of 
valuable swamps to lie idle throughout 
the country is now being replaced by a 
general recognition of their worth, and 
an earnest desire for information on 
their reclamation. This is becausei 
many of these swamps when properly 
prepared, become by far the most valu- 
able part of the farm. No swamps, 
however, will produce cranberries at a 
profit unless properly prepared, and 
some will not produce them at all. To 
tell what kind of swamps to prepare 
and how to do It Is the object of this 
article. Every profitable bog must pos- 
sess three things: First, the right 
kind of a bottom; second, fairly good 
drainage, and, third, good sand <onven- 
iently near. Any swamp that grows 
maple, laurel, cedar, huckleberries or 
wild cranberries is suitable, whether of 
peat or alluvial bottom. But any swamp 
that contains alkali, oil or lime is worth- 
less. Next comes drainage. This must 
be regulated so that the surface of the 
bog will be kept dry during the budding, 
flowering and harvesting season. Last 
comes sand. This must be absolutely 
free from lime, alkali or loam, and of a 
loose, gravelly nature. The Winter sea- 
son is the best time to begin work on a 
cranberry bog. The surface is frozen 
and the wood can be easily cut and 
carted off. Brush and small trees 
should be cut close to the ground, but of 
the larger trees, it Is better to cut them 
HO as to leave about 4 feet standing. 
Having cleared the surface, there Is 
nothing more to J)e done tintil the frost 
comes out. Then a ditch mtist be dug 
all around the swamp, dose to the up- 
land, and cross ditches must be dug so 

as to divide the bog into sections of not' 
more than threcfourths of an acre. 
These ditches should be deep enough to 
drain the swamp so it is dry enough to 
work on. The surface is then cut into 
squares, 2 feot each way. with a broad 
bladed ax and squares turned bottom up 
to dry. The hummocks are leveled rid 
the hollows filled, and all surplus turf 
carried off to the upland. The stumps 
and roots are now carefully removed. 
The large stumps standing 4 feet tall 
are quite easily taken out by digging 
ffround them and pulling them over 
with a block an 1 tackle. Having got 
rid of these, the swamp is ready for 
grading. It is Important that the work 
should be carefully done. The whole 
surface should be as level as a house 
floor. There ure two reasons for this; 
first, to enable the builder to put the 
sand on evenly, and second, to make 
the harvesting easy. There Is generally 
water enough in the ditches to get the 
level right, and it should be set as high 
as possible, so as to keep all the good 
material on the swamp. There is much 
more danger of getting the swamp too 
low than too high. A swamp that is 
low enough to be wet in the Summer 
will grow nothing but weeds. 

Having carried out the above direc- 
tions, we are now ready to put on the 
sand. Spread It evenly about 3 inches 
deep, and throw out all stones as large 
as a hen's egg. In fact, it is better to [ 
screen the sand If possible, for then you 
know just what you are putting on. \ 
The best time to set the vines Is during 
the month of April, and if there Is rain, 
so much the better. The vines are set 
In hills, 18 inches apart each way. with 
about five pieces of vine in each hill. 
One end of the vine is shoved through 
the sand into the peat, leaving the other 
end to stick out an inch or two above 
the surface. There are many varieties 
that are good ylelders, but If your 
swamp is located where frost comes 
early and stays late, the early black Is 
the best berry to grow. If your W'ction 
ir> fr«e from frost as late as October, 
try the Howe. There are a number of 
others that are good. The average 
price for vines is from $3 to |4 a barrel. 
It takes three barrels to set out an acre 
of swamp. Many powders and liquids 
are advertised to kill Insects on the 
vines. Poison will not injure the fruit 
unless put on when vines are in flower, 
and each grower can safely use any that 
he prefers. The cost of making a bog 
in the manner described is about a dol- 
lar and a quarter per square rod. The 
ditches should be kept cleaned out so 
as to let the water flow freely, and the 
surface of the bog kept free from weeds. 
A little guano spread around each hill 
soon after setting is a great help. It 
takes four years to get a full crop, but 
the vines will bear some fruit the sec- 
ond and third years. A bog properly 
made should, at the end of four years, 
produce on an average, one hundred 
barrels per acre. If scoops are used in 
harvesting and a separator In screening, 
it ought not to cost over $1 dollar per 
barrel to market the fruit, outside of 
freight and commlsson. Some growers 
are prejudiced against the scoops, claim-. 

Ing that they injure the vines and waste 
the fruit, and that it is better to harvest 
by hand We think they are "penny wise 
and pound foolish." For example, sup- 
pose a grower had a crop of one hundred 
barrels, and by using a scoop, he 
dropped or wasted 5 per cent., which is 
a large average, he would lose flve bar- 
rels of berries, which at a net profit of 
|4 per barrel, would be a loss of $20. 
To harvest with a scoop costs 50 cents 
per barrel and by hand |1.50. a differ- 
ence of $1 between the cost of the two 
methods. He therefore loses just $80 in 
harvesting his crop by hand. Tl.e scoop 
does not injure the vines at all. and is 
an up-to-date and strictly practical 
method. If you want a profitable bog, 
take good care of It. Don't neglect it. 
Pull out all weetls during Summer, and 
after harvesting rake up all loose run- 
ners and carry them away. Ten acres 
well cared for will give any man enough 
to do, and It will bring him in a larger 
and surer income than thirty acres of 
the best farm land. 
Norfolk Co., Mass. 


Answered by the P. F. of Philadelphia. 

WpbIihII tx' kIh<I tij uii.iwr In H'Im culuain all g<i«i- 
tliiiiH iMTtnliiliiK to tlif iiinii and farm optratiuim 
which our HiilmcrllM'ni aend ua. Write your queatlona 
plainly and aa brletiy aa you can. 

Timothy and Clover. — L. M. Watkins, 
Leonardtown, Md. — "Someone asked you 
lately if timothy was a drawback to the 
land, an^l you answered that it was 
about tho same as a similar growth of 
wheat. This was a misleading reply. If, 
when the hay Is cut the stock is allowed 
to keep the land bare, the answer is all 
right, but if the aftermath is let grow 
and the farm manure hauled on it for 

corn the farmer has the best substitute 
for a clover sod I know of. His land is 
mulched for the Winter, and a goodly 
supply of humus is furnished. And as 
Mr. Terry says it is well to sow some 
with the clover, I shall sow three bushels 
of clover and two of timothy on my 15 
acres of wheat this year. I formerly 
sowed the last freeze in Spring, and it 
often died out. One of my neighbors 
sows as soon as possible after Christmas, 
and claims that the seed gets so deep 
in the ground that it does not sprout 
prematurely and be killed. He claims 
to be very successful. In 18^5 I failed 
to get a stand of clover and put the land 
in corn next year and had a good crop. 
Then wheat and corn again and a poor 
crop of corn. Then wheat and a good 
stand of clover, on which I put all of my 
manure and made this year a fine corn 
crop. Every farmer knows that land 
cannot stand to be cropped at that rate, 
but it does suggest that to work some of 

Wagon World Awheel. 

Half a million of these steel 

wheels have been sent out on 
our own wagons and to fit other 
WRgons. It is the wheel that 
determines the life of any 
watron, and this is the longest 
I lived w h<Hl m.ide. Do vou want 
a low duwn Handy Wagon to 
use about the place? We will fit 
out your old wagon with Elec- 
tric Wheel* of any size and 
any ahape tire, straltrht or ftag- 
KiTi< epokes. No cracked hubs, no 

loot* ipoWpg, no rotten (elloea, no resettlog. Write for 

the biK newratalotfuu. It ii free. 

■ l«otrlo Wh««l Co., Box llltQulncyt Ills* 


Few are entirely free from it. 

It may develop so slowly as to caaso 
little if any dlaturbaace daring the whole 
period of childhood. 

It may then prodace Irrepmlarlty of the 
stomach and bowels, dyspepsia, catarrh, 
and marked tendency to consumption 
before manifesting itself In much cutaneous 
eruption or glandular swelling. 

It Is best to be sure that you are quite 
free from it, and for its complete eradica- 
tion you can rely on 

Hood's Sarsaparilla 

The t>e8t of all medicines for all homors. 

The Improved Kptnp Manure Spreader apr«ad8 aU 
kinda of fertilizer more quickly and >>t>tter than could 
pooBlbly be done by band. Free C'ataloKue. 

KKir * BCKPEB BFU. CO., Bax SS, Brranaa, R. T. 

The Eclipse Corn Planter, i;;^:?"'^, b^1fj'«i^i 

I >0 Iha. Duralile. economioHl. Herid for free mtuluKue. 
The Belrkrr * Tajrior, A. T. to., Box SO, I klropM Kails %*». 


Sell Advance Fence 

Direct to Farmers at Manofactorer's Prices. 

This plan not only saves you the middleman's 
profit, but at i\w same time gives you the best 
all round farm fence. Many heights to suit all 
f.irm purposes. Entirely interwoven. No loose 
ends to unravel, ruining fence. Write to-day. 
Have fence ready when you need it. 
AOVANCK FKNTKCO.. 141 It HI.. Peoria, IIL 



For uniformity of loading, evenness of pattern, strong shooting qualities 
and all-round superiority, Winchester Factory Loaded "Leader" Shells 
excel. The next time you buy, insist upon having these shells. : : : : 

a»»g«j r «^yt»yy r< ygygngg»»gvr^g»g» «Fit ««»»»»araaf^^^ 



the humus out of the land is a benefit 
to the clover. But i.s not the remedy 
worse than the disease? It is evident 
that it iloes not rcqulrr. rich land to 
make clover, for the heaviest 1 have had 
was on old field land with eight cords of 
farm manure per acre and 400 pounds 
of acid phosphate and kainit on the 
previous tobacco crop. This land, after 
the clover sod had been plowed in would 
not make more than 30 to 35 bushels of 
corn per acre, and I have had far less 
growth of clover on land that would 
make 50 bushels per acre." 1 have quot- 
ed almost the entire letter of our friend, 
because it shows that he is thinking 
about his farming, and when a man gets 
to thinking he is apt to improve. The 
reply in regard to timothy to which he 
objects was simply to show what a crop 
of timothy removes from the land and 
not to show the effect of growing tim- 
othy at all. Properly used, a timothy 
sod cannot fail to improve land when 
plowed down. But in the climate where 
our friend is working we believe that he 
can do far better with orchard grass, as 
it is better suited to the climate and 
makes a stronger sod. Then, as to clover 
growing on poor land, it is evident that 
in manuring your tobacco you made 
good preparation for the clover crop, 
and if you had not done so you would 
have found that the clover failed. Of 
course the crop of 30 to 35 bushels of 
corn after clover on an old field, was a 
very good one, and showed what the 
clover had done. The trouble with the 
richer land probably was that there was 
acidity from huniic acids in the soil, and 
that liming would have made greater 
growth of clover on that land than the 
manure did on the field. In fact, except 
, as permanent pasture, in a tobacco 
growing section like yours, we would 
grow only clover and peas for hay, for 
the hay is better than timothy and the 
development of the productivity of the 
soil will be greatly enhanced. The only 
reason why the working down of the 
humus in the soil gave you a better 
growth of clover was that you worked 
out the acid condition of the soil that 
prevented clover from growing. Had 
you limed the land instead of working 
it down it would have been a great deal 
better. What your section needs, and 
what we tried to tell them last Winter 
at Institutes, is a good and systematic 
rotation of crops preparatory to the to- 
bacco crop, with a light liming once in 
five or six years. We are glad that you 
are thinking along these lines and hope 
to hear more of your success. 

Peas, etc., in Northern New York.— 
Bert Vone, Mexico, N. Y. — "Can we 
grow cow peas in Oswego Co., N. Y.? 
Will Canada peas and oats cut when 
oats are in the milk, make good silage 
to tide over the Summer drought? Will 
shredded corn stalks keep in the silo?" 
We think the success of the cow pf>as 
doubtful in your climate and only actual 
experiment can determine how they will 
do. Some of the early varieties may <lo 
fairly well on light and warm soil, but 
none of them on heavy clay in that cli- 
mate, we believe. We have never used 
the oats and pea mixture In the silo, but 
can see no reason why they will not do 
very well as a Summer silage. Shred- 
ded stover will keep In a silo, but it is 
a waste of room to put it there, for It 
will keep iu a rick outdoors. 

Improving Productiveness. — "Farm- 
er." Lakewood. N. .1., who writes on 
both sides of his paper, says that he has 
a deep sandy loam soil which he wants 
to bring up to make 400 bushels of Irish 
potatoes per acre. Land was cleared 
many years ago but not well cultivated. 
Had marl and lime applied about 25 
ye.irs ag), and since he got pos.sesslon 
he has adopted the V. F. as a text book, 
seeding the land to clover with an appli- 
cation of add phosphate and kainit and 
h;nl a good crop whith was mown in 
l!l(n. Dressed the clover with manure 
In inoo and limi, and In Spring of 1902 
applied 300 pounds of acid phosphate 
and 100 pounds of muriate of potash per 
acre, and prepared the land thoroughly 
and made 75 bushels of corn per acre 
Now in rye. "Will It be best to plow 
this under In the Spring and sow to red 
clover and turn this under in Spring 
following and prepare for potatoes?" 
Of course, another crop of clover will 
be an advantage, but sowing it In the 
Spring and having but the one season to 
Krow In It will not give you the amount 
of sod that would be desirable. it 
would make a very good erop of potatoes 
to plow the rye under as early as possi- 
ble and then apply the fertilizer you 
Intend. Rut by waiting another season 
and plowing the rye down in May and 

then sow one bushel per acre of cow 
peas dressed with 300 pounds of acid 
phosphate and 25 pounds of muriate of per acre, you will get more than 
double the amount of growth either for 
forage or soil improvement than you 
would get from the clover in the same 
time. Then in the Fall chop up the 
dead pea vines with a disk harrow and 
sow rye. and turn this under the next 
Spring early and you will have with 
the fertilization you suggest as good a 
chance for a big crop of potatoes as you 
can provide for. Do not use lime on 
this for the potatoes for it will, in such 
conditions, probably increase the yield 
but give you a scabby crop. 

Feeding Tankage.— F. M. Rand, Som- 
erset, Ohio., asks our opinion as to the 
value of tankage as a feed for stock. 
He finds that he can get Armour's tank- 
age for $5 per ton less than oil meal or 
gluten meal, and wants to know if it is 
not as economical feed. We have never 
made any test of the tankage as a feed 
for stock, and the only thing we can find 
among the Stations is Bulletin 65, of the 
Iowa Experiment Station, Ames. Iowa. 
They there made experiments in feeding 
pigs on whole corn alone and found the 
cost of producing 100 pounds of gain 
was $5.10. When fed on corn and 
Darling's Beef Meal the cost per 100 
pounds of gairt was $4.80. When fed 
corn and Swift's Digester Tankage the 
cost of 100 pounds of gain was $4.50. 
When fed corn and Armour's Tankage 
the cost of 100 pounds of gain was $4.I<0, 
and when fed corn and Standard Stock 
Food the cost of 100 pounds of gain was 
$5.00. The conclusions were that it 
was an advantage to use some one of the 
meat feeds as a protein food along with 
the corn. I suppose you can get a copy 
of this Bulletin by writing to the Direc- 
tor of the Iowa Station, Ames, Iowa. 
We hope to give a full synopsis of it in 
the Cream of the Bulletins ere long. 
We are inclined to think that these 
tankage foods are valuable for hogs. 

Feeding Query. — Theo. Cranz. Fisher, 
Ore. — "'Why is good mixed hay, consist- 
ing of white, red and alsike clover, tim- 
othy, rye grass, Kentucky blue grass, 
orchard grass and red top not a bal- 
anced ration If pasture is? I want to 
(are for my stock as well as it can be 
profitably done but cannot see that it 
would pay me to feed erain. I am 25 
miles from town and if we raise any 
grain it would have to be threshed by 
hand, as no machines come here yet, 
being a new country. Have a great 
many stumps yet, and therefore raise 
no grain. I put up about 35 tons of hay, 
stable my stock at night and in storms, 
but stock runs in pasture in the day- 
time. I have tried not pasturing my 
meadow one year, but find that it does 
not pay as grass falls down so badly 
and rots on the ground, as we have 
heavy rains in June and our 
hay the latter part of that month or 
early .Inly. I pasture cattle until the 
first of April to hit the harvest about 
I right, as it does not rain from the first 
I of July until the latter part of Septem- 
\ ber, but our fields stay green the whole 
year and my cattle are fat all the time. 
Can I cut up oats, grain and stover with 
the feed cutter, and feed this with the 
hay; that Is, would it pay to do so? I 
give the calves all the milk for three 
months. Have them run by themselves 
In a goo«l pasture, which I find better 
than leaving them with the cows. The 
fourth month I take one-quarter of the 
milk. 5th month one-half, Gth month 
three-quarters, and after that 1 take all. 
My calves are better than the average, 
but want to make them better still If 
I can do so with a profit. My cows are 
still taking on flesh though getting 
mostly hay. as the pasture Is not so 
good as in Summer." The mixture of 
legumes and grass hay will, of course 
make a fairly well balanced ration, but 
the cattle would be better for having a 
little more concentrated protein in the 
shape of grain. You can grow oats, 
doubtless, and we feel sure that It 
would pay you well to cut up the sheaf 
oats to add more grain to your ration. 
This would especially help in the 
growth and more rapid development of 
your calves. .\8 It is It Is largely a 
question of getting the stoc k to consume I 
enough of the hay to give the protein 
which they need and which they can get 
more rapidly in the concentrated form 
of grain. Your query in regard to lung 
worms has been referred to Dr. Alex- 
ander for answer In his department. 

"For the Initds sake'- use ni)wker'<i Per 
tlllzers Tln-y enrich the enrili and th.' 
men who till It. .Address noaresi oBlce 
Libtou. .New Vork or Ciniiiriati. 

! Japan Clover.— W. D. Zlnn. Phillppi. 
v\. \a. "Is there any danger that the 
Japan clover will become a weed nuis- 
ance? I see it growing in th(> southiM-n 
part of the State, and am thinking of 
trying it on my farm. l)ut have l)een 
warned by some farmers not to sow it." 
There is not the sligiitest trouble to lie 
apprehended from the Japan clover 
lespedeza striata. It is not a plant that 
will be valuable iu a regular farm rota- 
tion, but it is very valuable for covering 
waste lands and making fairly good 
pasture where nothing else will grow. 
It will run out broomsedge, as we know 
from experience. It is purely an an- 
nual, coming from seed every year, and 
its growth northward will be limited by 
the season, for it seeds late In the Fall, 
and when it reaches the latitude where 
the seed fail to ripen it will not be per- 
manent. It is never a nuisance any- 
where in cultivated grounds. 

Success with Jersey Cows. — Rev. J. 
C. Shelton. Mayfleld, Ky., says that one 
of his giand.soiis induced him to sub- 
scribe to the P, F., and he is glad that 
he did so. He farms as well as preaches 
and tells of the success he has had with 
his cows. "For ten months I have kept 
a strict account of the milk and butter 
we have sold from two cows besides fur- 
nishing the family. We sell 21 gallons 
of buttermilk a week at 7 cents per 
gallon, 5 pounds of butter at 20 cents 
per pound, making $2.47 a week, and in 
ten months. $98.80. One of the cows 
was just two years old last May. 
There is no doubt that a few cows well 
cared for will prove profitable and none 
are better adapted to this purpose than 
the Jerseys. 


Fill a bottle or coniuion f;lass with 
your water and let it stand twenty-four 
hour.s;.a sediment or settling indicates 
tin unhealthy condition of the kidneys; 
if it stains the linen it is evidence of 
kidney trouble; too Irequent desire to 
pass it, or pain in the ba<k is also con- 
vincing proof that the kidneys and blad- 
I der are out of order. 


There is comfort in the knowledge 

! so often expressed that Dr. Kilmer's 
Swamp-Root, the great kidney and blad- 
der remedy, fulfills every wish in curing 
rheumatism, pain in the back, kidneys, 
liver, bladder and every part of the uri- 
nary pas.sage. It corrects inability to 
hold water and scalding pain in passing 
it. or bad effects following use of liquor, 
wine or beer, and overcomes that un- 
pleasant necessity of IxMng conii)elled to 
go often during the day, and to get up 
many times during the night. The 
mild and the extraordinary effect of 
Swamp-Root is soon realized. It stands 
the highest for its wonderful cures of 
the most distressing cases. If you need 
a medicine you should have the best. 
Sold by druggists in fifty-cent and one- 
dollar sizes. 

You may have a sample bottle of 
Swamp-Root, the great kidney remedy, 
and a book that tells all about it, both 

\ sent absolutely free by mail. Address, 
Dr. Kilmer & Co., Binghamton, N. Y. 

I When wiiting be sure to mention that 

' you read this generous offer in the Phil- 
adelphia Practical Farmer. Don't make 
any mistake, but remember the name, 
Swamp-Root, Dr. Kilmer's Swamp-Root, 
and the address, Binghamton, N. Y., ou 
every bottle. 

in feeding for milk are 
obtained by adding some 




to balance the ration. 

Sample and booklet 

*'Feed Your Stock for 
Best Results.'* 

Sent free. Write to-day. 
Address Department O 

The Rookery. Chicago, III. 

Nitrate of Soda for Fertilizing. 

Send for five text book "How Money ( ropw Ketcl" to 
WILLIAM S. MVKR8. IS l» John Wt., Nc-w Vork. 

At Every Step 

A (urn of the crank. You 
have measured, exact sow- 
ing with the improved 


,.f y--i*r till.* 

Seed Sower's Boole. 

JuRtpublUheO.ti-ll!) what, 
when, how murh and how 
to sow. Free. Wrlto for 1 

mill IT. unm. n. 

Cattle and Hogs 


• vartoty of KralQii and cooditloun bu well m the 

Scientific Grinding Mills. 

We make numerous kln<lH. both .«f.-p and pow. 

er. Aiso^rlri.ler»«ndiMjwero..iiil.(in-.l. wrcan 

R^rnur S ' ':,'* " "•'ll..r...iy k*ml .. M.U vou Bond 
for our .\ew ('hIiiIokuc Q. Mulled Ire.. 

The Poo» Mfg. Co., Springfield, O. 

ffo. « 
I IroB At» 
I CSBblord 


I Ud NIncU 



I Bill and 


n*. II 
Ires Ayr 
I Whe*l i'low 
Id ColtlTster 

Iron age 


lis. «A 
Iron t|r« 


We show a few 
of the famous 
Iron Age farm ^^^ 
and garden implements that have grown 
in popularity for half a century. ICvery 
jOne reduces the cost of the crop, 
^saves time, trouble, and work. 

They were first^ 
in the field, 
and are still 
first in favor. Write and learn what 
they will sa.vej'ou. 


Iron At* I 
•rd NIrirli. I 



Iron Am I 

llnrsr IIokI 

fimi « uUloior I 



I'outv l'iut«r 

Th« new Iron Ace R*ok, full , 
of Interent for every furmer 
Mid KMdener, la Free. 


Bo« IM, <;renloch, N. J. 





January 17, 1903. 

Live Stock and Dairy, 

A 4ir<>at 4'uiuitinMlltiii. 

Wlilif wf ki-eji ttiiM rieimrtiiu'lil u|i-ti>-<lut<' on Ntocic 
mill iliilry luulti-rs, wf kiiosv tliut inuiiy nf our rtuilnrH 
woiilil liki-. Ill iiiklitioii, uii fxi'liiHivt'ly Htock pupt-r. 
AiiioiiK llifiii wi- rck!ttril I'lif HitciIits (ia/.clle, of 
(lijcau'i. Ilif Ifiiilllin one. Wf tunc iimd'' urrmiKf- 
iiiHiitH by wliirli wi- run xniil llii- I*. F. uiid Tlie llreed- 
er'M (iaz'llf liiilli oiiH y«'ur for only ii.W), 

Rearing and Feeding Cattle on Farms. 


It is commonly supposed that profit 
from th»' IVediiiK of livr stock run only 
!)«• made hy tlic large farmers who have 
extensive f(;eding fields, and the best of 
grass pastures, along with ample sup- 
l)lieH of grains for the finishing of the 
stock. Uiit, as in all our other indus- 
tries, a certain division of labor occuns 
spontaneously, indeed of ntn-essity. In 
this business. 'I'lius there Is the breed- 
er anil fecdir of the stock, who brings 
the animals into good fair condition for 
the final finishing, and the final feeder 
who finislw's the work: for there is a 
division of labor in this industry, as in 
all others, by which the fullest profit is 
made for all tonccrncd. This division 
of labor makes it very convenient for 
both parties concerne<l, as it avoids a 
large investment of capital and exces- 
sive labor, which would interfere with 
the condiK't of any but extensive farms 
and outfits. lUit on any ordinary farm 
of a hundred acres one may rear quite 
a number of young cattle to the Ijegin- 
nlng of the .s( (oncl year, when they are 
ready for the fiiuil feeding, by which 
they are fitted for the block at the end 
of the second year. And in a majority 
of instances, excei)ting those in which 
some si)e( ial culture is predominant in 
the management of a farm, a few or 
more head may be fed for the butcher 
every year with the easy doubling of the 
money made by the same work or en- 
ergy expended In other ways. And as 
the feeding is done mostly in the Win- 
ter, when there is leisure from other 
work, the labor involved is simply a 
saving of time to useful purpose instead 
of wasting it. In fact, that old princi- 
ple of action w<dl described by that 
oithv o'latation which should always ba 
present in every farmer's mind, and be 
made a spring of action at all times, to 
the effect that the feeding of cattle is 
the most Important part of agri(!ulture, 
might well rule instead of being, a.s it 
now is, a rare thing to be seen in the 
ordinary business farm. To grow grain 
and hay for sale is simply a slow, but 
very certain way of selling the land for 
a song as the saying goes, and this paid 
by small installments yearly for a cer- 
tain series of years. Hut sttrely in the 
end the fertility of the land is wasted 
to no profit, and unless 8upporte<l by 
the purchase of costly fertilizers it dis- 
appears in time, and the owner too dis- 
appears in the Western wilds, to begin 
a new life on the same principle. Thun 
it is the only true and s)ire e<onomy for 
every actual farmer, by whatever meth- 
od of culture he works his land, to feed 
as many head of stock for the market 
as his means permits. Let us study 
these figures with care. 

Money value of the manure made 
from one ton of the following foods 
fed to cattle: 

Cotton seed meal $27.67 

Linseed oil meal 19.51 

Malt sprouts 18.22 

Cow peas 15.7C 

Oats 7.40 

Corn 6.70 

Clover hay 8.6.'> 

Meadow hay 6.4.3 

Oat straw 2.90 

Darley straw 2.68 

These figures represent the value of 
the residue of the kinds of foods men- 
tioned, left after fe«!ding one ton, not 
the value of the foods themselves, so 
that the feeder of a ton of any of them 
gets the actual value of them as food, 
in the growth of the animal, and the 
sums mentioned in addition in the man- 
ure left by the (indigested matter voided 
by the animal, as we call It, manure. 

This is the principal reason why the 
feeding of animals may be made to give 

two profits to the feeder, and we must 
remember that this appertains to the 
young animals reartd, as well as to 
them during the final feeding for the 
finish. .Just here we might very use- 
fully consider the fact that this manure 
left by a fattening animal has several 
I valuable in addition to the contri- 
I bution of the principal elements of plant 
food usually counted in the figures' 
above mentioned. For Instance, there 
i Is a large quantity of organic matters 
j existing in the manure, which go to 
I add indirectly to the fertility of the 
soil by means of the chemical action 
which they exert on the actual mineral 
« dements of It, For In their decay there 
are various gases produced by which in- 
ert mineral constituents of the soil are 
dissolved or made soluble, and so, avail- 
able for plant food. These have never 
been counted in by the agricultural 
che.nists who have analyzed these man- 
tires, and whatever indirect benefit the 
feeder of animals gains in this way is 
additionnl to the values given in the 
figures above stated. So that those fig- 
ures are actually the minimum, and not 
the total, of the whole advantage gained 
by the feeder of animals for the market. 
It Is in this way that the old adage 
above quoted, is not only justified, but 
even Improved upon when the whole 
benefit gain«!d is understood. 

All this ai)perlains to the feeding of 
the cattle solely. Hut we have to think 
of th<» advantages derived from the rear- 
ing of these from birth, when this may 
be done conveniently. The early feed- 
ing of animals gives far more profit 
than that of mature animals in a sort of 
advancing scale as the age Increases. 
This continues until a certain age, 
when the animal makes no i)rottt for the 
feeder, and this age is the fourth or 
even the third year. Thus It has been 
that the experience gained in this line 
has led to the entire change in feeding 
during a few year.s past, and since the 
time when beeves were thought fit for 
beef only when four to six years old. 
Practice, however, has been wholly 
changed jsiiice this discovery, and now 
the markets are filled with what might 
be termed half ft>d cattle, and none older 
than a year and a half or two years. 

This is a very Important matter to 
sttuly. For there may be only one year 
of stall feeding, and two years on grass 
or ollu-r pasture, needed to fit a steer 
for market at the age at which It brings 
the most profit to thr» feeder. This 
simplifies this business very much, and 
as this fact Is either not well known, 
or Is not understood, many farmers 
have discarded the thought of feeding 
(attle on this account. One who has 
not known of, or unclerstood this fact 
and the changes which have occurred by 
reason of it, must well ronsider this 
present condition of this, by 

which the feeding has been greatly re- 
duced in cost, and, at the same time 
the stock Itself comes to market In a 
more profitable condition on account of 
the smaller waste in the young animals. 
All these facts go to show the farmer 
how much more profit there Is now In 
rearing cattle than there has ever been 
before, in these lines of less cost and 
better values In the market, for these 
more cheaply fed animals. 
Macon Co., N. C. 


All ln(|uiriea fur uiiHwerM In this deiiurtnipnt should 
lu' Kent to A. M. Alexainli-r. ftl. I>. C. V. S., lOIB Davis 
St.. Kvunstun, III., who Ims iilltoriul cliarK*' of tlilH 
ilcpHrtnifiit. All inqiilrlcH n-iinirint; urmwer by uiall 
must l)f accoiiipunldl liy a f>'*' of |l eitcli. 

KiiInrKt>il ll<M*k. I liiivc a L* y.'iu-old 
liorsi- wliirli hiis ii!i (•nlar;ifiiiiMit on l>iith 
in.sidc uiul (jiilsldc nf liork .ioint : the fiilaiKi'- 
int'iitN arc luiiii'i' sol'i. liavi- tm scirt-iicss ami 

do not jaiui' liKi'sc. 1 1 has I u a yrar or 

liiorc .siiii-i- lirst iiolli'fd. I do not know tlie 
• ausf. T. II. ill i;iii;s. 

Jiralilxtoifii , 'I'liiii. j 

"F-llled ho.k" such as you describe is 
usually inherited and is most often seen 
in horses of draft breeds. Where 
lameness is not present severe measures 
should not be adopted lest they cause 
lameness. This being tlie case we us- 
ually advise persistent hand rubbing 
several iim« s daily where the animal is 
valuable. If you cannot do this then 
rub well three times a week with mer- 
curial ointment. Colt should be kept 
in roomy box stall and not allowed to 
strain hock by galloi)ing while under 
treatment. We cannot promise you 
much success In treatment. 

I'oNNihly (•loM-.%iitlirfix, — ^^■|I1 yon 
pleas.' icll iiH.' what was tlic nintt<T wltli'my ' 
iHir, and what cuiild 1 havo dune (u it. 'I'ht> . 
call' WHS aliiint four inniiihs old. lis Ti'i-d 
Mas milk, sliclh-d (orii. oats and tlirosht-d 
tiillh-t liay iiioriilnK and ni^lit. .\l)oiit a 
w*ok ami its cars ciiinincnccd to drop, then 
al)uiit live days after that it swelh-d on one 
side III' ilie jaw. 'I'lie swelling was Inird. 
And till' next day It died. The tongue was 
Nwollen, and ihe hark part of ilie tuntrne was 
b;ui'k. It ran in pasture In the day I line. i 

Aiuluit. Ml). Mauci s l'Kri;i(Sii\. [ 

The case is a most suspicious one. 
We woulil suspect "glos-anthrax," which 
Is incurable and fatal. Were it that dis- 
ease nothing could be done to save the 
animal. At the .same time similar symp- 
toms might be presented where the 
tongue had been injured or penetrated 

I Will Cure You of 


Else No Money Is Wanted 

Any honest person who suffers from 
Rheumatism is welcome to this offer. 

1 am a specialist in Rheumatism, and 
have treated more cases than any other 
physician. I think. For 16 years I made 
2,000 experiments with different drugs, 
testing all known remedies while search- 
ing the world for something better. 
Nine years ago I found a costly chemi- 
cal in Germany which, with my previ- 
ous discoveries, gives me a certain cure. 

I don't mean that it can turn bony 
joints into Hesh again; but it can cure 
the disease at any stage, completely and 
forever. 1 have done it fully 100.000 

1 know this so well that 1 will furnish 
my remedy on trial. Simply write me a 
postal for my book on Rheumatism, and 
1 will mail you an order on your drug- 
gist for six bottles Dr. Shoop's Rheu- 
matic Cure. Take it for a month at my 
risk. If it succeeds, the cost is only 
$.5.50. If it falls, 1 will pay the drug- 
gist myself— and your mere word shall 
decide it. 

I mean that exactly. If you say the 
results are not what 1 claim, I don't ex- 
pect a penny from youl 

1 have no samples. Any mere sample 
that can affect chronic Rheumatism 
must be drugged to the verge of dan- 
ger. I no such drugs, and it is 
folly to take them. You get the 
disease out of the blood. 

My remedy does that even In the most 
difficult, obstinate cases. It has cured 
the oldest cases that I ever met. And 
in all my experience — in all my 2,000 
tests— 1 never found another remedy 
that would cure one chronic case In ten. 

Write me and I will send you the 
order. Try my remedy for a month, aH 
it <an't harm you anyway. If it falls 
It is free. 

Address I)r Shoop, Uox 577, Racine, 

Mild cases, not chronic, are often 
cured by one or two bottles.. At all 







Now in 







Sc/frf for fret eatatogitn. 




Tubular Separator 

Is <t I (Went from frthrr s'-p«rit.-rs half 

Ihr lalx'f to turn — oni^lentii tt-r |.;irts to 

lean. V<>u may hive « free trial uf iU 

Catal>j>;ue Nu. 10 free. 

S*iin>in Co.. 
ChiciiEt. ili>. 

f. M. Sttarplti, 
VmI CtiMttr, Pi. 


Hour iind Bo|C N|i:ivln. Rlnictinnr. < urii, 
TlinroiiKb|>lB. Hplliit. <'iipp<><l llork, Hhoe 
Boll. Wind Piiir, Wciik und Hpriilnrd 
TendOD* aiid all l^timrnrita, 

<'aii l)v ii[ip||<*<| iliirliiK bolt'-Ht weatlier. 

Work hurM- (■(iiitliiiioii'tl.v If iIphItpiI. 

CurM willidiit Hcitr. or Umn of lialr 

CiiiitHln* rid AnH>iilr. (Virrr>Hiv«' Siihllmitte or other 
f.iriii of Mercury or itiiy liiKrvdlciit tliut can injur« 
ttii- llnrw. ; 

< 'liiniilr Htid M'pnilnRly InfiirntilP OHi»«>« In tlif n<\- 
VMiK-eil HtniCH tliHt liiive liwn tlrt*(l '.: or 3 tiimn iinri ' 
kIvhii up uH lioi'fU'Hit, poNitivi-ly UII. I peruiiiiieiitly 

$5.00 PER BOTTLE. 

Written uunrnntee witli every Ixittle. con- 
Htnicteil Kolt-ly to rotivlnre. siiilsfv iind protect 
.voii fully. 'I'lie iieeil (>r Heconil hoiile tsulriiuMt 
liiiprolialilp e\('i-|>t In ritresi cHsew. tiinuantte 
covers elte<-tlv«'ne>iH iif one hoitle. 

^'i.iiii 111 all drut{!<lsl.s uiiil deulers, or went 


Also Manufacturers of VETERINARY PIXINE i 

the one Hrlcntltlc. mil Inept !<■, iiiirallliiif, liciillni; 
otiitiiient. rowltlvely eiiren HcratcheM, itreHse 
heel, Hjieefl crackN, hopple rliarew, al>s<'e«KeH, 
Horcs, <Tiieked leal*', calced ba^, cow io.\, lioof 
rot and nkln 

2 oz.. 25c.; 8 oz., 50c.; 5-/6. pkg., SifM. 
At all drugKlst^ and dealeri<, or sent prepuld. 


mUm^S^^iZL tl»it 'to tli<>rotii;ti \vork. 

. Trial 

NATIimAI. DAIHY MIIIMNE (11.. N, w.rk, N. i. 


Large English Berkshire Swine. JnraT:}!:??.';! 

I'riceM (l»'fy (•niiii„.ti(|(iri. Kind fur nitHliPtMii- I'.r l!WJ. 
M. H. BCUKIKK. Srw mammy. 9Id. 


If Mil exlenial Alixolutelv rcllahle 
The Lawrence WlllluniH <'o., C'levelund, Ohio. 

Ktndairs Spavin Curt 'r^lL.'l^lr.iVS/Ail 

•.r lnni..|i...». A-k jour <lniif)(Nt ' A Treati..- uii the H.irw ih* 
ii.H,k fr. . , or ail.1rci' »r. B, J. Kradali lo., Kuwliur* I'alU, » t. 


The EMPIRE ^^^SiS., 

The Kmrnj Hi nnlns Klud. ^^ 

Wilt flf« l)«l* r fiktlitfAAtiun, luakr tou ni"r« 
k loxorji and iMl lunc*'' tbftn an; olhrr. Our 
I b>wh ihawi 9i»f. P<«n<l fur It. 

1 Empire Cream Separator Co.. 

' IIlX>OMriKLl>. N. J. 

Tuttle's American Condition Powders L\]!ZZ 

lilixxl Miiil all (tNPHHfs aiNlin; tlifrelroiii 

UB. S. A. TITTLr., JJH Itetrrly Mt.. Boatun, Mbm. 

KeKlMtrted f. <'biau. Berk. 
■ hire* die C Whites, » wkH tu 6 

iiio.: mated; not akin; nervlre 

Boarn; HreilSowK. Write for prices 

anil deKcripl'.on. W*- refund Itie 

money :iiii| have iht-ni retiiriie<l If not Hatlntted. 

Ilumlltonac Co., RoMenvlck. Cheater Co.. F«. 


Cream Extractor 

The leadliiK rreaoj extractor 
on the market becaime lullk ami 
water are not mixed, you alwayn 
have purewneet milk for hound 
Use and not diliiU'd for feedinK. 
The niottt convenient extractor 
made fur handriiiK your milk hi 
M Inter IIH well ax in Muiumer. It 
aaven all can lirthiK. Hklniminc 
and wanhhiK of cro4-kn. Write 
for descriptive cataloKue ami 
■ (>eclal Introductory prices to 

The Arras Cream Separator Co 
Bluffton, Ohio. 

Put. May 21, 1901. 

Sloan sLinimentl 

There Is nothing tike it to kill 
a Spavin, Curb or Splint. 

Invaluable for cuts, kicks or bruises. Manu- 
factured scientifically by a famous Veterinarian. 

Sold by Dealers generally. 

Horaesize, AOc. and 91. OO per bottle. 


Faniilr size, 2Sc. per bottla. 





January 17, J 903. 

The Practicai. Karmer 



Old Gorgon Graham 

Readers of The Saturday Evening Post need 
no introduction to Old Man Graham. They 
know him as Pierrepont's father and the central 
figure in Letters from a Self-Made Merchant to 
His Son. In a new series, by the same author, 
Old Man Graham delivers more of the business 
philosophy and shrewd humor that have made 
him famous. 

. By F. Hopkinson Smith 

A Point of Honor, soon to appear, is an unusually 
readable tale in which are set forth some of the 
humors of the French duel. 



WUliam Allen White's 
Washington Papers 

The country boasts of three or four political writers 
as shrewd and clever as Mr. White ; but not one of 
them possesses his fresh, keen humor or his strik- 
ing, forceful way of saying things. Mr. White 
will write a weekly Washington letter for the 
magazine during the winter. 

Owen Wister's New Tale 

Mr. Wister's next contribution to the magazine intro- 
duces the reader to the author's old friends, Mr. Skookum 
Smith and Mr. Frisco Baldy. 

xne SuhscripiionPriceisOneDollsLr 
& year until Februaijrlst. 

JifierFeUst.iheSukcriptimT>rice^^^ gj 



by a sliver or other foreign body, end- 
ing In blood poisoning. A blow on the 
Bide of the head sufficiently severe to 
break the jaw and possibly send a sliver 
of bone into the tongue might also ex- 
plain the case, which could not be defi- 
nitely diagnosed without post mortem 
e.\amlnatlon. We would advise you. on 
general principles, to cut down the 
rations ot other young cattle, as you 
arc feeding too heavily. Stop the corn 
and millet hay and substitute bran and 
middlings along with corn fodder or 
timothy and clover hay. See that the 
bowels are kept open. 

liiHiK'ucliiHr »«•». f'ah von pivp me In- 

Mrniiliin (onrcrnin« inlltipnclnj; the sex of 

nit tic'.' 1(1 like to raise more bull calves 

thiiii licirci'M. ^y^^ 

AlHtlr Cuck. O. 

We are unable to give you any practi- 
cal advice as to influencing the sex of 
cattle. Numerous experiments have 
been made but we are still as much In 
the dark as ever. Buy a bull that 
comes from a lamlly noted for the pro- 
duction of bulls. Breed the cows just 
when they are going out of heat. 

('nll<*k>- l*nlnN.— I have an ploven-vear-old 
mare that hns tninnry ilUHciiltv of soiiie kind. 
She has liail eljflit or nine attacks since I 
have owned her, iti three years. It had been 
nearly a year slme she had one. until alxmt 
two weeks since, and now she Is having an- 
iithiT. \\hen taken she will strain and try 
til make water and most of the time stanil 
»; riMihid out (nst as far as she can and 
nt Intervals will paw and lie down. I have 
trii-d numerous remedies but the onlv thine 
J have found that will start the water Is 
tnriieriilne. and I hate to use that. I had 
our veterinarian In <ine of her attacks and 
lie pronoiinied It some kind of colic. I know 
he w.a« wroiiK hut irave his medicine as direct- 
ed and she kept Krowluj? worse; then I gave 
liinicntlne and jjot the water started 
nul she was a'l rlKlii. I have had two other 
h< rses affeitcd in the same way In the last 
three years and have thoutrbt hard water had 
nomeihlnn to do with It. as all our water is 
very hnrd. k. i, La.mxi.v. 

fJitnii nil- Siiwwit. I'll. 

Long use of extremely hard water by 
horses tends to produce Indigestion. 
( harac terlzed by staring coat and ten- 
dency to stocked legs. In some In- 
stances we also find stone or gravel In 
bladder and large calculi In the In- 
testines. A careful examination of 
your mare's bladder shoubl be made 
and unless stone or gravel is found 
there we would Incline to agree with 
the diagnosis made by your veteri- 
narian, as It Is our experience that 
ninety-nine out of a hundred cases show- 
I'lg the symptoms you describe, are af- 
fpctcd with abdominal pain rather than 
urinary disorder. In such cases pain 
leads to spasm of the neck of the blad- 
der and rr>tentlon of the urine, which 
Is exnelled when pain subsides. When 
you have given turpentine It has not 
"started" the urine, btit merely relieved 
the pain and so Incidentally produced 
micturatlon. When It Is suspected that 
there la actual stoppage of urine. It Is 

a very simple matter to pass a catheter 
into the bladder of mare and draw off 
the urine. Urination Is also easily in- 
duced by merely irritating the urethra 
or passage Into the bladder by Insert- 
ing the finger. Turpentine la excellent 
in colic and should be given In dose of 
from one to two ounces. Mix It well 
with a pint of raw linseed oil and half 
an ounce of fluid extract of cannabis 
indlca and give at once when an animal 
shows the symptoms you mention and 
also try to effect urination as suggested 
above. It would be wise for you to sub- 
stitute soft water for the hard water 
your horses have been drinking if to 
prevent lack of condition alone. 

I.l«.e on llor^^N. Please tell me what 
IS best to kill lice on a horse at this season of 
the year. ,• j K,„,„^; 

/ It/n I- Mtirlhoni, M<1. 

I Make a tea of four ounces of stave- 
[acre seeds In a quart of boiling water 
land apply frequently to parts Infested 
1 with lice. Clean up the staliles and 

whitewash walls and woodwork. See 
' that stables are kept clean and well 

ventilated at all times. 

FeeillnK Jorn Ntalki*.-Is It Injurious 

to horses lo f I them corn stalks one meal 

'''.''', ''V'-* ," "'■ l>''>vldlnK we Klve Buch 

KUiln food as to balame the ration' I 

/.<///((//•, I'ti. Mus. M. r. l».mV:i!Kn. i 

When horses are Idle during Winter 
and running out in a yard they may be 
safely fed as you propose, "but care . 
should be taken to keep their bowels 
open and this Is best done by a bran ' 
mash twice a week or carrots, or even a i 
little sweet silage. We would not ad- i 
vise the feeding of corn stalks to horses 
doing hard work. The food Is too [ 
bulky and innutrltlous to be fit for i 
working animals which require concen 
trated, nutritious food. 

I stead of corn. Twice a week give her a 
I warm l)ran mash in which mix a heap- 
ing tableKpoonful of granulated hyposul- 
jjihlte of soda. When she has a spell 
withhold grain and give her a pint of 
raw linseeed oil followed by a bran 
mash If she will take it. Watch for 
worms after the oil has been given and 
treat her for them after she foals. 
Write again later If further advke Is 
required in this case. 

Clover niont. .Vie cattle that die from 
cliivir liloat wholesome food If hied and at 
tended lo ipiiiklyV There Is a Kiass here 
thai is leal blue and furins a verv heavy sod 
that spreads very rapidly and seems to, he 
touKber than the kind of idue ^rass we 
hiive heen used to: seed very similar to our 
regular lilne fiiass. Will pasturing wheat 
In Winter kill .aiileV |l. a. I{.,i,i:kt.s. 

M iinilji. I\ii. 

Such cattle do not bleed out well and 
we would not advise the use of carcass 
of any animal dying from disease. 
There Is no need, however, of losing 
anituals from dover bloat. Good man- 
Hgement will prevent bloating, but if a 
case Is seen and trocar and cannula are 
promptly used to tap the paunch the 
animal will not suffocate. A pint of raw 
linseed oil and two ounces of turpentine 
well shaken together and given as a 
drench In cases of clover bloat usually 
prove effective and may even do away 
with the necessity of tapping if the 
bloating Is not severe when noticed. 
Keep the rattle off clover when dew is 

on the ground and feed plenty of dry 
hay at same time along with abumlance 
of salt and bloating will not 
to be so troublesome. 


liifiiltntorM mill Hrooilem We have 

hetoie us the new lalalotfue and price list of 
the Ormus Incubators and brooders manufai- 
IvhM ,L ■ ^ »««"<»■ "f I.iKouler. Indiana. 
While this catnlotfue is not as huge nor as 
Korgeous as some of the Incubator con.enis 
are piittlnK out. we doubt If anv oi" ihem 
tell the story with more directness tTTan does 
Mr. I.tintas. For a moderate priced incu- 
bator the ormas is makinj; an evlable reputa- 
tion for Itself. Would advise our rea.leiH 
who are Interested .n Incubators to write for 

V,"'I , ''.","'"' ••a'nl"K<"-« before purcha.slni;. 
It Is free If you mention the 1' F 

Voeiic'a Aatl'AbortloB Food for Cow« U thr r<-coiriil<M b.» the pror«,lon in lUl, part of .he Sta.e. ,„,| U r.V, " v 
V.oining kuowD u U.* ,«,„, of n-lii-f .11 or.'r ti. u'ij Afl.r » trial It i» It, owo r...«Dim..n.l.ti„u. Write for 
partlcnUr,. To««,«« Fowl Co.. Media. Pm. 


■ I MAMS ^^^gg ^^^^ 

y*ttritutry Surgeons. 


iKw touk. 


It tells about the 

In our separator book. .. .„.., „i^u, ,„„ 

p°,rced American, tl^-^l 

Pans medal winner. The m.ichine for 
.you. The book is free. VVi ite to-day. 

Americft.n SepA.r&.tor Co.. 

^* ^ 060 BAlnbrldtf e. N. Y. 

liullKPMtion. — I have a mare years 
old thilt is siihject to spells like the follow- 

■'■'J.' .. "m..*1 " V'f'""' '" "'"' anythInK: will 
paw a little with one and then the other 
forefoot, then stick up her nose as thouKh 
she smells somcihiuK, and lies down and 
seems to he ,,t ease. Then at times she 
s ret.hes out her head and all four feet ■ 
then she will lie diiwn on her belly and 
stretch out her forefeet as If she were" (folnir 

he.*'";,ir",-i.'v "«;^ '*;'" "••" «"•• "'••• »'«''''^ 

i.iw.."." "«'"• ^'"' '"»" bad six spells In 
!.„' V;" """'"'^: «'""<• "f them las! lonirer 
ban others from two to three days. She 

aitm .V."v f'"i" ^''" '"""."" Kinssas well 
as tm dry feed. I am using hep llithtlv i 
have Iwen feeding her on wheat straw with a 
little corn, and sometimes | give her a b nii 
mash. I think she Is hi foal 

'""'""""'■ »■ »". .!.■ T. iN.NNKn. 

The symptoms indicate pains In the 
abdomen and worms may be present 
but as she Is In foal It would not be safe 
to give- worm medb ine. At the same 
time stomach trouble, sik h as collec- 
tion of gas. would explain the symptoms 
,and this would be due to Indigestion 
I Would advise you to give her p'.entv of 
•exercise dally and feed prairie hav in- 
I stead of straw and oats, and bran In- 


Highest Score 


New York Dairymen's Ass'n Meeting, 

Jamestown, N. Y., Dec. 9 12, 1902 


J I.. HviiK & So.v, Pkopriktoks, N. V 

Users of 13 No. (largest size) U. S. SEPARATORS 

Kacli one replacing an Alpha DeLaval or Sharpies 


for clean skimming. I„ fact, it excels all others in so many points ft 

For Western trade we transfer our Separators from ChicaRo. Minneapolis and Omaha. 
A.l.lre>» ,<ll letters to Bellows KjlU, Vt. 

IV'iite for dfscrififive cat alo/f ties 




r' ' 



I • 





The Practicat. Farmer 

January J 7, 1908. 


ThiH <liiiurtiu«til l» under III ■ ulltorlul rlmruc o' 
Mr. 'I'. (Jrcliu-r. All iirlli'lcs for. or gueMtl<iii.s ri-luliiiM 
lu It, hhuuia l«.' siiit to liim ut \m >ttlle, N. Y. 

Notes from a Carolina Garden. 

I have said sonicthing in r<;gur(l to 
th(! loss of Icttmc in tlu; franu's from 
rotting. The varifty was the Hig Hos- 
toii, \vlil( h is the kind almost t^xdusive- 
ly grown in the South in Winter for 
Northern shii)in('iit. As we were not 
lii-i'ijarcd at this time to clean out and 
replace the entire soil in our frames, we 
have replanted where the Uig Boston rot- 
ted, with Maiile's Hanson and the Won- 
derful, 'i'hese are not commonly grown 
in rraiiies. but we thought to test their 
abiiily lo withstand the rot fungus. So 
lar we lind tliat the plants are growing 
well and there is little sign of rot, and 
w<' hope that we may yet get something 
Irom the frames. Outside we have a 
roiisiderahle area set with these varie- 
ties for Spring heading, and the plants 
look finely. The soil between the 
ii! heavily mulched with forest leaves 
.so that only the tops appear above the 
mulch. Lettuce that is not headed will 
stand a great deal of freezing, but 
when once headed the fn^ezing quickly 
ruins it. I'p to the time of the freeze 
a week ag<» we were getting flue hard 
headed lettuce from the open garden, 
but now tiie entire outer parts are black- 
ened and only the hearts of the heads 
are at all eatable. The lettuces of the 
type of lloston Mark<'t, Tennis Ball and 
Big Boston are good shipper.s, but for 
home use tliey are not to be compared 
will) the Hanson ar.d Wonderful, both 
of (he Hanson type. The heads of these 
are as brittle as an icicle and hence do 
not ship as well as a tougher Boston. 
The Hanson has been improved by 
lareful selection and now Maiile's Im- 
proved Hanson is a variety hard to ex- 
cel, being as crisp, or more so than the 
old type, and of a lighter green color 
with very soli«l heads, as white and 
brittle as ice lt::elf. The Wonderful is 
of similar type but of a darker green 
in general color, and both are far 
superior to any of the Boston type for 
home l^ill .^ct plants in the open 
ground head tli'ely in March, here, and 
are at that time profitable to ship, as 
they are not so brittle as those grown 
under cloth or glass. I was Interested 
in what Mr. Greiiier has to say in re- 
ganl to glowing plants under cloth, and 
was not surprised to read his results. 
Most of our market gardeners who 
grow lettuce for shipment in Winter, cloth as a protection, fixed to roll 
up in bright, sunny weather, like an 
awning. They get fairly good crops 
when the weather is favorable, but 
when snow comes and long rainy spells 
they are in a bad way. I have proved to 
my own .satisfaction that the market 
gardeners of the South Atlantic coast 
are not making near the profit they 
could from their lettuce crop if they 
tised glass sashes. They hesitate at the 
first co.'^.t of glass, while really in the 
long run the cloth is the most costly. I 
am using sashes now for the 14th year, 
and they are still good. The cloth has 
to be renewed at least every two years. 
In Summer, a cover of thin cheese cloth 
is a valuable thing in this climate for 
seed beds, but for growing crops I am 
of the opinion that it is worse than use- 
less. With the beginning of the new 
year we are turning our thoughts to 
the Spring vegetables. I always try to 
get my earliest peas in the ground as 
Foon as practicable after New Years 
(lay. For this planting the round, hard 
seeded extra earli«'s are the kind, for 
the wrinkled varieties are more tender 
in the seed and may rot in the ground 
if planted so early. We plant these in 
February. Karly in January, too, we 
sow seeds of early cabbage and cauli- 
flower in the cold frames, to be ready 
to follow the Fall set plants. At same 
time we sow seeds in the frames of 
early l>eets of various sorts and Prize- 
taker onfon seed for transplanting the 
last of February. Early radishes, too, 
go in the frame to take the place of the 
Rose Colored Chinese from the open 
ground, which will now soon be getting 
pithy and turnipy in taste. The long, 
open Fall and early Winter put our Fall 
planted onion sets away ahead of what 
we usually expect, and we are getting 
fine young onions dally for the table. 
The mnlst weather has started an im- 
mense mat of chickweed among them, 
and we are letting it stay as a protec- 
tion against possible cold, and will 
clean It out In the fiprlng if the onions 

are not used up by that time. I have 
I one sunny slope of very rich soil where 
1 intend to try Mr. Greiner's cloth this 
Summer. But I propose lo put the 
I cloth overhead only as a protection 
[against too hot sunshine, leaving it 
I open all around and high enough to 
I work under. In this way I believe that 
it will be a help to cu<;umbers and mel- 
ons which 1 will plant there. 

Among the vegetable crops tried last 
year we have formed a very high 
opinion of Wood's Prolific bush lima 
bean. We have grown all the bush 
limas, beginning with Henderson's, 
which we grew before it was sent out, 
and have found none equal to the above- 
named. The plant has the habit of the 
Henderson, but the beans are a great 
deal larger, and it is the most product- 
ive lima we have ever grown. A few 
rows in the garden gave my large 
family of ten people all they wanted 
during the season, and we gathered 
enough dry beans to last all Winter. 
As a field crop in tl e South we believe 
that it will be profitable lor the dry 
beans alone. The Alpha 1 "t proved to 
be nearly or quite as early as the 
Egyptian, and kept in good eating condi- 
tion much longer. We have not yet 
found an extra early sugar corn that 
is worth planting in the South. The 
first that is of value here is the Country 
Gentleman, and the Mammoth and 
Stowell's Evergreen are the standbys. 
About the earliest corn we get Is a field 
corn known locally as Watauga corn, a 
small growing early corn cultivated In 
the high mountain plateaus of North- 
western North Carolina, from 3,ono to 
4,000 feet above the sea level. Maxi- 
mum lettuce did not prove superior to 
many others and soon succumbed to hot 
weather In May. The hard heading 
varieties of the Hanson type are, as we 
have said, far better for the open ground 
here. The Rocky Ford melon did fairly 
well and was very prolific and early, 
but the sun finally overcame It. Haik- 
ensack Is better for the general crop 
here. Emerald Gem cracks and spoils 
i)adly In Wet weather, but when It does 
succeed Is a very fine melon. P'or use In 
late Summer and for selling quickly 
the Prizetaker onion is hard to beat. 
But It must be disposed of soon, as It 
is a poor keeper, "^i'he best keepers we 
have grown among onions are the 
Southport White Globe and the Opal. 
For green onions In Winter and Spring 
we raise sets of the Queen and plant 
them in September. We tried a number 
of new okras sent by the Department of 
.Agriculture, and gotten by them from 
Algeria. None of them were equal to 
the White Velvet so long grown In the 
South. One variety gl"ew about eight 
feet tall and only began to bloom about 
frost time. We had some monstrous 
I)ods on the Chinese Giant peppers, but 
having only a few plants we kept them 
for seed. The I^.uby King is a good and 
I)rodiictlve pepper, but Is far hotter than 
the old Bull Nose. The giant Chinese 
is said to be milder and we hope to test 
it fully this season. The Tobasco pep- 
pers, as we have often said, were a 
marvel of product ivenes.s. and about as 
hot as anything one may get Into his 
mouth. My plants grew over six foet 
tall and were loaded the sea.son through, 
and when they were finally threatened 
with destruction we cut them down to 
the ground and hung them in a base- 
ment store room where they are all 
ripening. We only plant a few of the 
extra early peas, as we much prefer the 
wrinkled sorts. But the extra earlies 
come in a little sooner, though the 
Alaska Is not far behind the old Daniel 
O'Rourke type, and then we get Heroine. 
Premium Gem and the later wrinkled 
peas in rapid succession. Our market 
gardeners plant the tall marrowfat in 
November alongside the dead cotton 
stalks as a support, and they come in 
after the extra earlies sown In .lanuary 
and February. The leafless radish was 
good. Maule's Earliest White, too, was 
excellent, and 1S34 was superb In its 
uniformity of size and shape. W^e had 
26 varieties of tomatoef, and the best of 
all was Success. Honor Bright not only 
got Its usual yellow color on the fruit, 
but the whole plant turned yellow and 
the fruit stood in beautiful shape and 
large clusters but absolutely refused to 
ripen well even after gathering. There 
is no more handsome tomato If It would 
only conclude to ripen before frost. 

HorticuIturaL ' 


I ThiH department 1» under the editorlHl charite of 
I JoHfpb Mevhun. 69 PIfaMiiit Ht.. ficrnmiitowii. Pa. 

All letterx. Inqiiirlea and requvtitH should Iw addressed 

to lilui as aliove. 

' The First to Plant the Kieffer iPear. 

Now that the Kieffer pear has estab- 
lished Its reputation as a remunerative 
market kind, clalments are coming for- 
ward that they were the first to plant 
It. It has recently been wild in Green's 
Fruit Grower that .1. S. ('olllns was the 
first to advertise and plant this pear. 
This, I think. Is certainly a mistake. 
Wra. Parry, of Rlverton, New Jersey, 
takes first place, if 1 mistake not. The 
pear was raised, and exhibited by Peter 
Kieffer, of Roxborough, Philadelphia, at 
the Centennial Exposition, at Philadel- 
phia, In 1876. I believe I am right In 
saying that the names of the judges of 
the fruit display of the .Xgrlcultural 
Department were Joslah Hoopes, Thos. 
Meehan and William Parry. The com- 
mittee gave the fruit a first-class recom- 
mendation. Subsequently Wm. Parry 
secured the right to the grafts of the 
original tree from Peter Kieffer, and 
he it was who first advertised and sold 
the trees. Whether or not he led off In 

, the planting of an orchard, 1 cannot say. 

I Mr. Collins may have done that, but I 
believe the first to advertise It was Mr. 
Parry. As a profitable market pear, 
there seems no dispute of the merit 
of the Kieffer. 


I Horticultural Queries. 

Apple TrfOM IVot lleiirinK. — \\\\ liave 
nn ii|i|il<- orrliui'd tlint should liavc liccii 
lirai'iiiK lor foil!' or live yi'ui's. uiul hears hut 
a lilth'. Whni <iin \vc do lo ii? The tr('^•^< 
lire planted in liincstotn' ^'ruimd In u|ilaiiil. 
Thi-y liavt' hecii cull i\'atc(l. I'l-rtillzcd and 
inniiiired. The varlctli's an- I'.aldwin. (irinics 
tiohh-n. Fallawater Sniokcliouse and Honey 
aoide. TV'e Inive one iree ihat produce's 
hitter rot fruit year after year. Wliat can 
we <lo to prevent l)ltter rot apples V 

Jlin riaonljiiiy, \'(i. 'V. !•'. Itiii nk. 

If the trees should have been bearing 
I since four or five years ago, as you say 
I they should, there Is some other cause 
for It than anything you have said 
would suggest. The trees are thrifty 
aud nice, you say. When this is the 
case the trees have decided the time to 
bear has not arrived. A tree growing 

Vew People KuoMr How Vneful It t« In 
Preaei-Tlng Hcaltb rnnd Bcanty. 

Nearly everybody knows that char- 
coal Is the safest and most efficient dis- 
infectant and purifier In nature, but ftw 
realize its value when taken into the 
human system for the same cleansing 

Charcoal is a remedy that the more 
you take of it the better; it is not a 
drug at all, but simply absorbs the 
gases and impurities always present in 
the stomach and intestines and carries 
them out of the system. 

Charcoal sweetens the breath after 
smoking, drinking or after eating 
onions and other odorous vegetables. 

Charcoal effectually clears and im- 
proves the complexion, it whitens the 
teeth and further acts as a natural and 
eminently safe cathartic. 

It absorbs the injurious gases which 
collect in the stomach and bowels; it 
disinfects the mouth and throat from 
the poison of catarrh. 

All druggists sell charcoal in one 
form or another, but probably the best 
charcoal and the most for the money is 
in Stuart's Absorbent Lozenges; they 
are composed of the finest powdered 
Willow charcoal, and other harmless 
antiseptics in tablet form or rather in 
the form of large, pleasant tasting 
lozenges, the charcoal being mixed with 

The dally use of these lozenges will 
soon tell In a much improved condition 
of the general health, better complexion, 
sweeter breath and purer blood, and the 
beauty of it is, that no possible harm 
can result from their continued use, 
but on the contrary, great benefit. 

A Buffalo physician In speaking of 
the benefits of charcoal, says: "I advise 
Stuart's Absorbent Lozenges to all 
patients suffering from gas in stomach 
and bowels, and to clear the complexion 
and purify the breath, mouth and 
throat; I also believe the liver is great- 
ly benefited by the daily use of them; 
they cost but twenty-five cents a box at 
drug stores, and although in some sense 
a patent preparation, yet I believe I get 
more and better charcoal in Stuart's Ab- 
sorbent Lozenges than in any of the or- 
dinary charcoal tablets." 

It is safe to treat Huby'sC oiigli 
with Jayiie's Expectorant. 


Made to 


Inject with Hood Farm 
Breeding Powder when they 
fail to breed, do not clean, are 
irrcKular; also after abortion. 
Of greatest value to breedcra 
and stock owners. DoUaV 
size by mall, $; large size, 
four times more, to any rail- 
road express point in U.S.$2.75, 
C.I.Hood & Co., Lowell, Mass. 



Your Garden 

will be better and more easily 
and cheaply made if you but use 
the i)roper tools. For sowing all 
parden seeds in drills, dropping 
m hills, hoeing, cultivating and 
plowing — five distinct operations 
— you need but one tool. It's our 
"PUnet Jr." No. 4 Combined 
Drill, as shown in the cut below. 
It sows accurately in drills — no 
skips, or drops the seed in hills 
4, 6, 8, 12 or 24 inches apart. It 
not only saves seed, time anil 
back-acne but it also saves land 
by putting every seed at the 
right place, right distance, right 

depth and in close, Etraivht rows. 
Throws dirt to or from rows, opens fur- 
rows for planting, cultivates deep or shal- 
low and will kill weeds as fast as you can 
walk. Itonly takas alittle time after eat h 
rain to run over your garden and brc.-ik 
up the hard crust. That loaves a mulch 
or blanket of fine earth on top. That saves 
the moisture in the soil for plant use. 
That makes a successful garden in the 
dryest weather. 

We fn»Ve over M other seeding »n<l rultlraMnv ' 
Implements, Including jilaia »ntl cuml>lne<l Seed 
Soweri, Wheel ll<«5. Hand Cultlv-itiirt. Wa'klne 
Cultivators and t)ne and Twollurte KidinK Culti. 
vators, Spec lal Sci^nr Beet Tools, etc. Our 
new 1903 catalogue U lust pntijlshed. 
It contslni over 100 illnstrntUni 
with full descriptions and pric es. 
It ( oi(s y<tii nothing and will 
make you money. Write for It. 

S. L. ALLEK ft CO. 
Box T7 1 1 

'»*'/, %"^SVVr^ PluUdelphi*, Pt. 

Clrawberry Plants. We have theni true to name 
w .'III urown un iipw ground, conHfqiii'ntlv. are healthy 
uriil .strong. HPnd for clr.^.. truurul Plant Karat, 
John Llchtfeot, I'rop., Hherman HrlKhti, Tenn. 

^0\A/ DP AC H«»o(in<l crop 

\^\^WW W~Kmf^^ BT.ISS- TlirrMl'II POTA. 

• AH inCC €1*11 B '^'*^ "^^''f inaectn con- 
«JIII WUOC aUnLC trollpd with Cauttie Pot- 

ath Whatf Oil .<!r,a)> Vo ( Spiid for ciriMilam. 
Jamria «ood. »:t» .\. Front Wt.. Phil*., fm. 


•^~^ S»Ti<l fnr!<aniplea(id book, free, 
U. W. KOMAINK, l«4 Warren SU, .\«w Y«rk. 

RARRFH ftnPirC •'^•'lu^lvcl.v. Young Rtook. 
DMnnCU nUUI^a From pri/e wInnerH. Re«luc- 
1 ion for early ordiTH. Satit^factlon euaranteed. Write 
for prlcea. J. HT.COX, New W^llHiBBt**,P*. 

Death to Lice 1:^ 

hPns and chicken*, 
pasf Rook Krfv. 


Box .II-'.ApponaUK.R.I. 


S6.Q00 c:?:ft:s:.-FREEi 

Haaoo rival. Lowait yrianoi fowlaand tnc; 44 brM^ 
Turk.ym, Onat, I>iK'lia and Chlckrai. Tba book UllaalL 
prandly Illoau»t«l. 15 bMt h»n hoo.f plana, how io brea*. 

i. K. BrataMi. Jr. 4 Co., Bov T, Mxtu. W£ 


■^ Slandird and imiirovc(t varieties .f k.\si>l.errie. 

lard and improvc(t varieties .f k.Mpl>errie», 
ItLicklerrics, < •<N.,rlwrries. ( iirrant-,. (,r.ii«.s. Stra » I rrries, 
•Uv Kf rr; plsol ,.T'.wi, st„| (utruwc'l b; IOC eUiii . i.lT tlMo. «ifon.u«, 
••11 ruotad, frrth due pUau thai (Iv* rMuIli. Writ* for lau raulof. 

Allen L. Wootl, Wholesale Grower, Rochester, N.Y. 

UliyTCP UfflDlf offer shows bow easy 
■■111 I ■■II ■WUnii you can mak>> Mome 
cjwii and xel your own Trf-i-H and Plants fi^-e. 
Write to-day for particulars and terms. Also ehgkforour 
new llluttrated and descriptive catalog?. It's fre^x 

THE OEO. L SWEET iUISERT CO., Boi I6II. Dsssfllls. I. T. 



lor iK) acre Fnilt Kiiriii In T.awrencpC'o., Ohio 
The raiiioiiH Home Hciiuty ii|i|.lt hflt. 'iJOaoreH 
In yoimc a|>iilf and pencil treen. .\ rareoppor- 
tiiulty rorucoiiipelent.eueiKttlcnian. Addrexs 





Over Forty Years' Kxi>erlence. A (X>-pnee 
iXMtk -not a (HtHloifiie. .Senrt ten ceiitA R>r a 
eopy; rend II, then return Itund K«t your money 
l»a<'k it yoii want to. 


Box 1011. Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. ' 


^/., W- 

>^> , 



January 17, 1903. 


Thb Practical Farmer 


too vigorously will be a long time com- 
ing into bearng. If your trees are real- 
ly larger and older than bearing trees 
usually are, do not fertilize them nor 
cultivate them for awhile, so they will 
not be stimulated to grow; this should 
cause them to flower and fruit. The 
kinds named are a good lot. The Honey 
I do not know, but if what we call 
Honey Sweet, it is a good eating apple 
for those who like sweet ones. Smoke- 
house is much grown in this State. The 
bitter rot is a fungus, and must be met 
by spraying the trees with Bordeaux 
mixture throughout the season. All 
fruit trees should be sprayed regularly. 
Authorities say the bitter rot is best met 
by a compound composed of i/. ounce 
ammonlacal carbonate of copper to gal- 
lon of water, but I have never tried it. 
The trees are sprayed with it in August. 
All fallen fruit should be burned, to 
destroy the fungus spores. 

KikIxis Vine, — Tell "Ignoramus" some- 
thliijr alioiit •Kiuliiir' vine. Is It de.slrable 

for polclU'sV IJe.N JollN.So.N. 


Kudzu vine is Dolichos Japonlcus, a 
Japanese vine. The leaves are not un- 
like those of the lima bean; its flowers, 
rosy pink, in short racemes, something 
.like very small wistarias. Its chief 
value is its enormous growth, 50 feet 
or more a year when the vine is but two 
or three years old. It is far too rank 
a grower for a porch. Better let it run 
up an old tree or cover bare place on the 
ground — somewhere where its enormous 
growth will soon give something green. 
I have seen it covering dead trees with 
a mass of green, creating beautiful ob- 
jects. The shoots die back almost en- 
tirely in Winter, but this does not mat- 
ter, as the new ones formed in Spring 
grow all the faster for it, and long be- 
fore Summer is over have more than 
recovered the ground they lost. 

ence. They are an admirable fowl and 
have made some splendid egg records 
in the hands of expert poultrymen, but 
for the general farmer who d^-sires to 
get a good egg yield, and undoubtedly 
this is the most profitable side of the 
poultry business, we think that Leg- 
horns will succeed best. Finding the 
results so discouraging, we began, after 
a few years, to again add a few l.,eg- 
horns to our flock, and the good results 
were so apparent that the change was 
made complete. Our egg receipts for 
this last year will not fall far short of 
$2.00 per hen, and the larger part of 
this was received from December to 
June, the largest sales of any two 
months being January and February. 
More often the poor results attained 
through the Winter is due to the kind 
of hens making up the flock, instead of 
the breed. The older a hen becomes the 
less apt is she to lay during cold weath- 
er. Whenever a flock is made up of 
well developed early hatched Leghorn 
pullets, they will begin laying in Novem- 
ber, and with proper feed, care and 
housing, they will keep it up through- 
out the Winter; at least this has been 
our experience. Last Winter, on ac- 
count of the inclement weather, we were 
obliged to keep our hens confined in the 
henhouse for nearly a month at one 
time, yet there was but little, if any, 
decrease in the egg production. 
Jackson Co., \V. Va. 

Horticultural Notes. 

Certnr of Lebanitn la entirely hardy in 
Pennsylvania. Hesldes Its historic value 
It Is an extremely beautiful evergreen. 
There are trees of It In Thiladelplha over 
r>0 feet high. 

Nhnde Tree — For an all around good 
shade tree. It Is hard to beat the Norway 
maple. It is a handsome tree, with large 
deep green leaves, an ideal tree for the 
placing under of benches and ihalrs. 

Rhotlndentlrona anil AcnlenM of both 
native and foreign sorts like a partially shad- 
ed place, moist soli, of a light nature.' and a 
mulching of leaves above their roots. They 
thrive then, and flower beautifully. 

Beaatifyinv Old TreeM Many an old 

tree, shrub or a stump can he beautified by 
letting vines clamber over It. The Virginia 
creeper Is one of the best for Autumn display, 
beiaiise of the grand color of its foliage at 
that time. 


This department Is under the editorial charge of 
A. F. Hunter. All letters, inguirle-i and requeMa 
should be adilresse^l to him at the Practical >'armer 
office, P. O. Box 1317, PblUdelpbl*. 

Leghorns as Winter Layers. 


Poultry Queries. 

Sore Head or Chigoes.— M. F. Bowie, 
Aiken, S. C, writes: "Will you please 
to give me through the poultry column 
of the P. F'., some remedy for warts, or 
sore head on fowls? My daughter has 
raised a lot of chickens this Fall, and 
now they are about pigeon size they are 
badly afflicted with mattery pimples or 
warts on their heads and are dying. I 
suppose there is some preventive and 
cure for this disease. Their feed has 
been mostly corn bread baked dry." If 
you had read the poultry column of the ! 
P. F. for November 4th, just a month 
before the date of your letter, you would 
have found a remedy for sore head re- 
commended by a Tennessee subscriber. 
Her remedy is: "Mix melted lard and 
white lead and paint the sores while the ' 
mixture is hot; repeat daily until the ^ 
fowl is well." A better remedy, and 
one recommended by a medical man, is | 
to mix a teaspoonful or two of Napcreal i 
in equal amount of water and rub a I 
little on the sores and over the skin of I 
the head generally; and then rub on an [ 
ointment of a teaspoonful of Napcreal i 
and two large tablespoonfuls of melted { 
lard. The trouble is caused by an in- 
sect pest called chigoes (or "jiggers") | 
and as they hibernate in the litter on I 
the hen house floor and in the nesting 
material, you should sprinkle about a 
little Napcreal as a disinfectant and to 
kill the insects. If you cannot get Nap- 1 
creal get "sulpha-napthol" moth balls, 
dissolve in kerosene (coal) oil and use 
Instead. Your corn bread is an ex- 
tremely one-sided ration. Chicks need 

The Right Thing. 

A New Catarrh Cure, which is Rapid- 
ly Coming to the Front. 

For several years, Eucalyptol Guaia- 
col and Hydrastin have been recognized 
as standard rfmedips for catarrhal trou- 
bles, but they have always been given 
separately and only very recently an 

... a variety of food and particularly 

It is not my object in writing this to some meat food to make them grow 
prove the qualities of one breed of Add one-third wheat middlings to the 
chickens superior to others. We are j corn meal of which von make your 
aware of the fact that most every breed bread and feed some of Romaine's "B 

Ingenious chemist succeeded in combin- 
ing them, together with other antisep- 
tics into a pleasant, effective tablet. 

Druggists sell the remedy under the 
name of Stuart's Catarrh Tablets and it 
has met with remarkable success in the 
cure of nasal catarrh, bronchial and 
throat catarrh and in catarrh of the 
I stomach. 

Mr. F. N. Benton, whose address is 
jcare of Clark House, Troy, N. Y., says: 
"When I run up against anything that 
is good 1 like to tell people of it. I have 
I been troubled with catarrh more or less 
j for some time. Last winter more than 
jever. Tried several so-called cures, but 
did not get any benefit from them. 
I About six weeks ago I bought a 50-cent 
I box of Stuarts Catarrh Tablets and 
am glad to say that they have done won- 
ders for nie and I do not hesitate to let 
all my friends know that Stuart's 
Catarrh tablets are the right thing." 
I Mr. G-jo. J. Casanova of Hotel Griffon, 
, West 9th street. New York City, writes: 
"I have commenced using Stuart's 
I Catarrh Tablets and already they have 
I given me better results than any catarrh 
I cure I have ever tried." 

A leading physician of Pittsburg ad- 
I vises the use of Stuart's Catarrh Tab- 
lets in preference to any other treat- 
ment for catarrh of the head, throat or 

He claims they are far superior to In- 
halers, salves, lotions or powder, and 
are much more convenient and pleasant 
to take and are so harmless that little 
children take them with benefit as they 
contain no opiate, cocaine or any poison- 
ous drugs. 

All druggists sell Stuart's Catarrh 
Tablets at 50 cents for full size package 
and they are probably the safest and 
most reliable cure for any form of 


|3, H and ^>. HreU from our lltH egK mrulii. >iroin;, 
healthy. viKorous, nicely bHrred, luim raisf.l .siocK, 
Pullets »-. J. W. I>AKKH. AUoonu. P... 
Hucceaaor to II. F. Vox. 


My ItfU.lratalomio. KleKnnt in illUHtratlon. full 
of proctioal hints, di-Hcrlbcii t>i broedH i.f tn 
wlnnem. Low prlcc» for binlM ami ei,'».'n. Jtook 

proctioal hints, di-Hcrlbcii r>S broedH of prlre 
inerii. Low prlcc» for birdM ami e 
postpaid, 10 cents. Calcndur for iw.', on covt-r, 




DON'T SET HENS «.»• 't'Sri,"' 

-<H>Kb« Nulural Urn Inrulmliir (.,>!» lint »a,olli. r»U 

.(lu»llj».l„..()vfrlJi,i...luu». lu.lU|.MiiK:ihlrt„»iiji.n„wl,o 

ke«i'«khru Oitr l'M«uti pr. loi'lca«.:i,iiij.t liifrinr.-aicuta AgrnU 

_^_^,^ w»nt»<leTt.rywhrre, either (ei. Dun [..■ri.-iicutifr,-jt,nry Cftt«lt«lM 

t». iiiy.. I »i„.iit uid ajf utf KurmuU FREE " J"" "'H" «"'i«T. 
MA'tbKAL UU INIUUATUU CO., ii4". clHaiabui, Ncbrii.ka. 





' PAY 



of Minn's Latest Muiiel 
Bonr Cutter. No p.iy un- 
til you're satisfied tli.-it it 
cuts easier and faster tlian 
Sny other. Catilojj frer 

F.W.MimiCo.,Bo«14.Mllford. Miit. 

Globe Incubators 

Hatch Every Haiohablo Egg. 

Easy to take caro of bi^atiso It 
lakes caro of Itself, iind tlm prico Is riRlit too. 
Une lart?.! Illustrated cat.iloifiie fre... Atldross 
C. C. SHOEMAKER, Dept, 484, Freeport. III.. U. S. A. 

The Sura Hatch's LatMt 

.\n automatic, direct acting 
rt'frulator that surpu.saes any 
other iinprovement ever made 

In iDrubRtnrN. Hfnd for new llliis- 

jtrat.d catalw,; uii.! fitt trUl ofTer. 

Cliy Cnttr, Nib., or Colunbui. 0M«. 


niidFaall)>ilBaaa«forl90S. Ov.r IJOO U^« pag,, 

if Iwit bu..k |)»|«r, wiib fine colored |.|ataf true lo 

ife. Tf.lthowto raiss rhirkma i.r.tiiai ly. their 

■, dlManei and remediei Diagrnma »lth full da- 

iriplioniof Poultry h.u,,,. All ai'oiit Ueabalora, 

Hroodera, Thorouyhbreii Kowls with lnw«t» 

pii<«s. You ran taffiir ! t., 1p» w thoul i» dnlT 

l^c C. e. SHOEMAKER, Uoi i4SKre.|Mrl,Uk 



Batch evifrr fertile rgt. SlmplFtt, 
mof' durable, cheapest flr.*l-ela>a 
hatoher, Moiifv baclj If not po^i- 

tiVfIr a< rppre«<;lit*'d. »' pay /rttght. 

Circular frt<- ; catalucue 8c. 

Ceo. Ertcl C».. U uIwot. Ut, 

•! T'^lk 


WM. H. COHEN &, CO.. 

C'oianilsalon Mercbanta, 

No. 22D WushiriKton Street, New York. 


Ornne, | Poultry^ j Miishmomn, 





Q^lDHang, I Hot Houae Lamba. | Live Quail. 

9 I 0*80 For 

I ^ 200 Egg 

Perfect In ronitrnrtiou and 
SOtloD. Hatrhev rverr ffftil., 
•Cf . Write for caialoK' tudar. 

aeo. H, 

STAHL. Quincy. III. 

of chickens has warm admlrefs, and 
most people are conscientious in their 
admiration. Sometime ago we noticed 
a complaint entered by some writer, 
that Leghorn hens made poor Winter 
layers. This is contrary to our own 

B. B." or "Bowker's Animal Meal," or 
cut fresh bone or meat scraps. 

A Fine KIdnry Rrmeily. 

Mr. A. a. Illtchcoi'Ic. Kast IlainptoD. Conn., 
(The Clothier I says If any sufferer from Kld- 

— ,.- With due deference to the "'IJ', ""'^ bladder DIseaKe will write him he 

opinions of others, we wish to state that I u^ed." He' harnoU.l'rlg wT/t"ve?"to%;i7' '" 

they make the best Winter layers that ^^ 1— — 

we ever kept, and we cannot help but ' ^XIDIf TREES *««* by Tett-78 Yean 
think that a poor egg record through VIIIK** * labomt 

the Winter months was due to some, All*' WAj/^.^KH'^.eM^; n^^-<=^^" 


Rpoclalln-4 Applp, l«c: Poarh. lie; Cherry, l.ic. Nmail fruit plain«, 
Ro»e«. vinf«. lui>'P«KF cnulntur free. 2 New RedCro*^ curraiiK 
lOc. Nrerfla ef Frvlt Urowinc. Ijn phou>«, lOr. <'<'pT 
tlr^D « Krult Oro». r fr...- (iiMd .alart pai.l for wnrk at humr 

ORBKN'S NURSKRV CO., Rooheater, N.Y. 

cause other than the breed of chickens. | Vf** STARK BKO|,L«Ualua.Mo.:buuviik,VY.:Eto 
Several years ago a neighbor informed 
us that we would get a larger egg yield 
through the Winter if we would keep 
Plymouth Rocks instead of I^eghorns; 
believing this to be true we made the 
change; this, however, proved to be a 
vexing change for us, although we grad- 
ually increased the size of our flock 
each year our receipts for eggs did not 
increase at a corresponding rate. The 
first year we kept about .50 per cent, 
more hens than we had the previous 
year, and our receipts for eggs were 
less than they had been that year. This 
was certainly discouraging, as it took 
a great deal more feed to raise the Ply- 
mouth Rocks and more feed to keep 
them after they reached maturity. We 
do not desire to be understood wholly 
adverse to the Rocks, but we simply 
state the facts gathered from experi- 

UIBMCH rUUIIIJ bay. Mruw an.l pr.>.luce aold on 

COriglKnm»'tit. Prom |.t cash rei urns. I<><Ublishe<l 1M4. 

«IBBH A BRO., Com. Mere., Phll«4«. 



Upea Hopper 


dojMce^'iryieM.cutsfee.lbllllnhilf. I 
Guarantee 1 to cut mire l>«nelnles«| 
Udm, vl'h lt«l tahor than a- r 01h*r. t*tnd fut I 
lp««l«l trial ulftr and han.ti >in4 catalori*. 


■•> iHt Jollet, llllDOla. 


7 v\ 


Sena for 
oat ever 


More mads-oore •old- 
more prlzsB won than 
ALL OTHERS comblDed. 

caialopie-Just out-fin- 
l6Su«d.Monilon ihla paper A 


when tlie hena lay. K<>ep them 
laying. Fur hatrhlnn and l>r<>..<i. 
lag u»e the beat reasooal>le prlrer] 
Inc'ul>ator* and Rronder* — built 
upon honor, aold upon (niaraiitc>e 


t.- A. Banta, I.lcnnler, ladlana 

for I 

Mix , 

(trainer automatical. - 
Jy tra the only ones worth 
while. Other kinds tlog and 
tfop the sprny. The 

Empire King. Garfield Ajid 
V* OrchaLTd Mon&rcK 

are easiest In thewirlt, ImrM In the 
ipray and tlieonly iiiti.l »itli auto- 
wade adutOT aa.t htu ahn t.^ kfy,\at tka 
•tralaer ciraa. Nopolltfollan wlih thaaa 
puapa Bc<*n«»pT«7la«f*»«for»h.a»Ha.. 


6 llthSt. glmira, V. T ^Kb.— -j 

|The Cyphers 


Stit Ii 's the nne Inrul^ator Khiih diflen from 
Silnnliadll'' »'•"""" It is the only niadilnc of 
suppiiea I this kind which Is m»de<.n the ren.wned 
MOISlUr* I Cypher* Plan, which emlMidlnthei^eat. 
est discrvery of modern times in the field oi successful incu- 
bati'in liy artiticUl means. To know j uat how ■meh hrt- 
t*r thejr arc than any eliiera you should get a copy 
nfournewl»U( Book, "How to Make Vourj M Ith 
I'ealtry and Ineukatora." It dev>^tes much space to 
this suhje- 1 and has chapters on the different pr..fiul-le 
branches if poultry keefHng, duck irrowlni;. broiler ralslnc 
teg farming, winter productinn of winter chickens and roast- 
ers, etc , all by the ^'estexpertsln this country Photographic 
views of largest poidtry plant* from all over the I'nited 
State*. CnirUnd, Gerrotny, Holland. New Zealand and 
other fnrcltrn countries. Send lOr for book No Mtopay 
pottage (Its page b<x>k. Sill lachci, I* free.) Circular* free. 

Cyphers Incub«tor Compn.ny. 

Beffkla, n.T, (blfMo, III., BMtaa,«aa«., lew Terk.R.t. 

If ft vV 





nil /•lV//^/ 
/•//'//■ ////' 

Circulation from January 1. 1903, lOO.OOa 
.Vl-!.^?*' °' roaUers-moro than any 
rlnf.^Ji^*"' r?"»'ry P«P«r9 have-l9 tbe 
result of mating this giant of the noul- 
l^^,r*n. ^t""' than any other of Its 
kind Plain and practical. Instructive 
and Interesting. Vor the fancier and 
farmer. Tw Ice a month; fiO cents ayear. 
sample copies free. Good pay and vrIu- 
able prlzes-also cash-Klvcn to afc-enfs. 

DMPER PUiinHmB CO., DEPT ^^^. cwciBo lu. 



pZureSn Vo"?*;;;;""" "■'"' - •-"• »--'-•* --«-^iow^Prr<^ril'na';o'[in.';'f"„r 

wtuceiaury Cauiotf. THE RELIABLE INCUBATOR & BROODER CO., Box 8-93 , Qolncy, Ills 





. r 




The Practicai^ Karnier 

January 17, 1903. 

Coloring Butter. 

The Prairie Farmer objects to our 
recent editorial on this subject, and 
says that the V. F. "intimates that an 
agricultural paper that dares to speak 
the truth should take down its sign." 
The P. F. intimated nothing of the sort, 
but did intimate that an agricultural 
paper which joins the ranks of the ene- 
mies of the oleo law should take down 
its sign, and go under its proper colors. 
We fully agree with the Prairie Farmer 
Ho-\. Joji.N Hamilton, the efficient j ^^at "it is in the enforcement rather 
Secretary of Agriculture for Pennsyl- , than the multiplication of laws that 

The Practical Farmer 

Published Weekly by The Farmer Co. 

V. O. Hox iai7 

S. £. Corner Market and tSth StreeU 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Entered Ht the PblluUiliihlii poMt ofllce as second-cUM 

PROF. W. t'. MANNKY, Kdltor. 

Philadelphia, January 17, 1903 

vaiila, says that he intends to recom- 
mend to the Pennsylvania Legislature 

remedies are effected." Now we have 
a good law, which has greatly decreased 

the establishment of a new bureau in (_,,e fraudulent sale of oleo for butter, 
the Department of Agriculture of this j^^t It be rigidly enforced. All this talk 
State, to l;e a Hureau of Animal Indus- 1 ,i,,out ^^e coloring of butter is part of 
try. We hope that the suggestion will -m effort to weaken the law. Butter was 
be carried out. for the live stock Inter- ! colored long before oleo was invented, 
ests of Pcnn.sylvania are immense and ; and the sole purpose of coloring oleo is 
need su<h a bureau in efficient hands, j ^q enable men to perpetrate a fraud on 
The publications of the Pennsylvania ! the consumer. In regard to the pale 
Department of Agriculture are now sec- 1 yp„o^ ^^^^ ^^ the market, the Editor 
ond to none in the whole country as to j ^rote from practical observation and he 
s.ienflfic and practical value, and the ^ ^.^n supply it to the Prairie Farmer if 
addition of a Mureau of Animal Indus- , wanted. With the oleo law and the pure 
try will add greatly to the value of the [ food law we may be able to fight all 
work which Dr. Pearson is now doing frauds if the laws are enforced. But 

let a farm paper refrain from covert at- 
tacks on the law that protects dairymen. 

FO well as State Veterinarian. 

The Catalogues. 

With the beginning of the new year 
the Spring catalogues of the seedsmen 
and florists como to hand. In the South 
the Spring planting of the market gar- 
dens Is already at hand, for the early 
peas go into the ground in .lanuary 

The Tobacco Prospect. 

Down in North Carolina the tobacco 
growers have had a convention for the 
purpose of devising means for protect- 
ing their interests against the two com- 
bines which have pooled their interests 
and the early potatoes are only a few for their mutual advantage. During the 
weeks later, and after they are in the past sea.son the competition between the 
season runs up the coast rapidly. For i American and the Imperial tobacco com- 
the benefit of the seedsmen whose work panles resulted In the growers getting 
means a rush for a few weeks, we would j fine prices for their crops, and the 
Ruggi'.st that all who order their seeds tobacco growers were In fine spirits, 
by .nail, ar.d that means the great ma- Late In the season these two companies 
jority ot the country people, should get came to an understanding and agreed 
the catalogues at as early a period as not to compete as they were doing, but 

possible and at once make out their 
order fur the Spring. The seedsmen 
will appreciate such early orders, and 
will have time to forward them prompt- 
ly, while If you defer sending for your 
seeds till you are ready to plant you 
win get the order In In the rush of the 
Spring trade and may have it delayed 
in the shipment. So it will be better for 
you and the seedsman, too. to get your 
order in a month or more before you 
will need the seed. 

Home Grown Dairy Food. 

At the meeting of the Pennsylvania 
Dairy Union at Harrlsburg. In Decemb^^r. 
Prof. E. B. Voorhees, Director of the 
New Jersey Experiment Station spoke 
of intensive dairying, and the great de- 
velopment that is made In the soil 
through dairying. He urged that crim- 
son clover, alfalfa and cow peas should 
be substituted for the purchased con- 
centrated protein foods, and claimed 
that these home grown foods c-ould 
completely take the plare of purchased 
protein. This is what the Editor of the 
P. F. has been long insisting upon, and 
we are glad to have the support of such 
a wise and thoughtful man as Prof. 
Voorheees. The crops that feed the 
stock while at the same time they feed 
the soil on which they are produced, 
and through their feeding help to retain 
for the use of the farmer the fleeting 
nitrogen, that costs so much when 
bought either In a fertilizer or a feed. 
Let us keep hammering away at this 
as the only way to overcome the high 
prices asked for bran and other concen- 
trated foods. When the dairymen of 
the Middle States fully realize the fact 
that they need not buy what they can 
get from their lands, and in the getting 
of it improve the soil we will see a great 
Increase In the proflt of the dairy. 

each to take its own part of the busi- 
ness. Prices for tobacco at once de- 
clined. The recent meeting was for the 
purpose of devising some means by 
which prices can be maintained at a re- 
munerative figure to the growers. It is 
feared that the profitable < rop of the 
past season will lead to too extensive 
planting this year and that therefore 
prices will fall below a profitable figure. 
Efforts are to be made to reduce the 
acreage in tobacco, but like all such 
efforts they are certain to fall. Human 
nature Is the same with tobacco growers 
as with other farmers and the difficulty 
in securing a general reduction of the 
area arises from the impossibility of 
getting all to stick together. Men In 
other lines of business will unite and 
stand together, hut experience has j 
shown that farmers rarely will. A man ' 
gets an Idea that there will be a general 
reduction in the area planted, and at 
once he makes up his mind that the 
prices, therefore, will be good, and he 
will get in an extra large crop so as to 
be in on top. Then hundreds of others 
< ome to the same conclusion and the 
area is Increased Instead of diminished. 
Years ago. when cotton was down to a 
very low figure, there were strong ef- 
forts made to get the farmers to plant 
less, but the effort was of little use. and 
only the hard experience of low prices 
got the cotton farmers to grow more 
of other and food crops. There Is no 
doubt that If the area planted in the 
bright tobacco district was greatly 
diminished this year, prices woiild be 
more remunerative than It Is likely 
they will be with a largely Increased 
planting, for Trust or no Trust, the law 
of supply and demand will get in Its 
work when the country at large Is so 
prosperous and the demand for the man- 
ufactured article so great. The trustg 

; will get their innings only when the 
Increased supply Is more than the de- 
mand for the manufactured article. It 
would be wise for the tobacco growers 
ill the bright tobacco belt to plant less 

, tobacco this year, but we have little 
hope that they will do so, for we farm- 
ers, as a rule, learn only In the costly 
school of experience, and the chances 
are that the growers will play into the 
hands of the trusts. In the long run, 
the farmer who plants year after year 
his regular crop of anything will come 

' out ahead. He does not lose his head 

1 when a certain crop pays extremely 
well, but sticks at his regular crop, and 
when the next season the low prices 
prevail he is not so badly hurt as others. 
And the next season when the dis- 
couraged planters are dropping that 
crop he comes up smiling with his usual 
acreage and gets good prices. And at 
the same time he is practicing a regu- 
lar rotation and not depending entirely 
on the special crop. If we could but 
get all the farmers, whether wheat 
farmers, corn farmers, cotton farmers 
or tobacco farmers, to farm systemati- 
cally for their specialty, and never make 
it a sole crop, the variations in the 
market would have less effect on them. 
It is the men who habitually put all 
their eggs in one basket who get hurt 
when the basket falls. The sole cure for 
these variations is systematic farming. 

Pennsylvania Farmers' Institutes. 

The systematic organization of the 
Farmers' Institute work in Pennsylvania 
furnishes a model for most of the States. 
The State Is divided into five Institute 
districts, each with its corps of lectur- 
ers, so that Institutes are held simul- 
taneously In widely separated sections 
of the State. Bulletin No. 103 from the 
Penu.sylvanla Department of Agricul- 
ture is a compendium of information in 
regard to the Institutes for the present 
Winter. The whole work is under the 
charge of Hon. A. L. Martin, Deputy 
Secretary of Agriculture, and the bulle- 
tin gives full information in regard to 
every Institute, Its location, the speak- 
ers and their topics. Still further, 
every one of these lecturers has a bio- 
graphical notice in the bulletin, telling 
where he was educated, what he has I 
done and is doing in the way of practi- ' 
(al agriculture, dairying or gardening, i 
so that the folks who attend the meet- j 
Ings can form a pretty correct idea of j 
the sort of men who will address them ' 
and what they are qualified to talk ! 
about profitably. Examining this thor- 1 
ough organization with its full corps of 
trained speakers, we feel that there is \ 
a necessity in every other State for I 
just such work. We wish that the farm- ' 
ers of every other State south of Penn- 
sylvania could understand what Penn- 
sylvania Is doing and could be Induced 
to bring such a pressure on their State 
Legislatures as would result In similar 
organizations all over the South, where 
they are needed worse than elsewhere. 
The Legislature of North Carolina, for 
instance, meets In the present Winter, 
and If every reader of the P. F. in that 
State would write to his Representative 
in the Legrlslature urging the necessity 
for means for the organization of Farm- 
ers' Institutes In the State, the letters 
will have their effect and the organiza- 
tions will be made. If our readers In 
every other State where Institute work 
is not yet fully organized would do the 
same thing when their Legislatures 
meet, we would soon have the Institutes 
In J)etter shape. All that is necessary 
is to let the T^egislators know what the 
majority of the farmers want and they 
will get It. for there Is nothing a poli- 
tician likes better than to please his 

The Cream of the Bulletins. 

New Jersey Agrlrultural Experiment Sta- 
tion. .New Hnuiswkk, N. J. Bulletin 101. 
Alfulfa. Cow I'eas and Crimson Clover as 
Substitutes for I'urchased Feeds. Home 
(irown I'roteln vs. Purchased Protein. By 
Ciareuci' H. I.,uue. 

The work of the various Stations Is rapid- 
ly showing to the farmer and dairyman that 
there Is no need for their buying bran and 
other things In order to Imlance their rations 
with protein, and that this costly part of the 
food for stock can not only be grown on the 
farm but the farm will be bettered by the 
growing of the crop In the aciiulBltlou of ni- 
trogen a.side from the value of the manure 
made froni the feeds. The Delaware Sta- 
tion iM'gan this work years ago, and demon- 
strated that the cow pea could be made to 
supersede purchased bran. Then the Ten- 
nessee Station took up the work with the 
same results. And now the present bulletin 
shows that the .New Jersey Station has deter- 
mined the same thing. The Mgh prices that 
dairymen have lately had to pay for bran and 
other concentrated protein foods should 
direct their attention to these results, and 
should induce them to experiment for them- 
selves. When the dairymen of the country 
once find out that these results are true, the 
day Is gone by for exorbitant prices for mill 
ofTiil and the special protein feeds. The very 
crops that aid the farmer most In the build- 
ing up of his soil and Increasing Its power 
to feed stock are the very ones that furnish 
him with the most protein, the most j'o.stly 
part of his rations, as the nitrogen Is In a 
fertilizer. Mence the legume crops are be- 
coming the sources for nitrogen In the ma- 
nures and In the soil and for protein In the 
foods, and the progressive dairyman will soon 
.sec that he has been spending money for 
what he does not need to buy. and has been 
losing tlie benefits from crops that would 
have furnished him the food while Improving 
the soil. The object of the New Jersey ex- 
periments were to study the relative value 
of the home-Brown product and the purchased 
food upon the yield of milk, the composition 
of the milk the cost of the milk aud butter, 
and the Influence on the Individual animal, 
l-'lrst. two ratlonn the one composed of al- 
falfa hay an<l corn silage, and the other of 
mixed hay, corn silage, wheat bran and dried 
gialns. were fed. The rations weie ))ractl- 
cally the same as regards protein, while the 
fat and carbohydrates were slightly greater 
In the mill feed ration. The alfalfa aud 
silage were grown on the farm, while the 
protein in the other ration was mainly pur- 
chased. The result showed that It was prac- 
ticable to substitute the protein In the alfalfa 
for that In the purchased feed without ma- 
terially changing the yield or quality of the 
milk produced. One pound of butter from 
the alfalfa ration cost 11.1 cents, while one 
pound from the purcha.sed feed cost 1B.7 
cents per pound, and the cows maintained the 
same weights, ©r slightly decreased with the 
purchased food. In another trial the protein 
was derived In one ration from crimson 
clover. The food coSt per ino of milk from 
the crimson <lover retlon was is.'t tents, or 
:io.4 per cent, less than that from the pur- 
chased feed, (tn the basis of milk produ<-- 
tlon. the gain from feeding the crimson clover 
ration to two cows for 24 days amounted to 
■fl.Tti. Apply this to a herd of ao cows and 
the gain would be $:w a month. Ft showed 
that there Is not only a prollt In feeding 
crimson clover valued at $12 per ton. but 
the price put on It was a considerable profit 
to the farm growing It. The dairyman grow- 
ing It «(.ii:d make both profits. A similar 
experiment was made with <ow p(>a silage 
as the source of protein as compared with 
the purchased protein. Crimson clover hay 
was used with the ,„w p« a silage, as part of 
the ration to make protein equal to the bran 
and grain. The bought ration had la this 
experiment some cotton seed meal added. 
One cow fell oir In yield when .hanged from 
the cow Ilea and clover ration to the feed 
ration and others lost smaller amounts. The 
two rations produced practically the same 
amounts. Hating the foo<ls nt market price 
ami leaving out the cow pea silage hy simply 
putting it at cost of production, the home 
grown rallrui produced loo pounds milk at a 
i-ost of «tO.!» cents aud from the purchased 
ration ««».» cents. The actual cost to the 
grower of the silage and hay would, of course 
be much less. The results of this experi- 
ment are significant In showing that a ration 
composed of home-grown iropn. though cost- 
ing nearly as much (when the crops are fig- 
ured at market prlcei niny»be fully equal as 
a milk producer tc» a ration In which protein 
Is largely supplied by purchased feeds. 
"Home grown crops were utilized In tiie 
dairy at a gn-ater profit than could have 
been reallze<| |,y selling ttieiu at the market 
price." And not c»nly this, imt ns we have 
said, the very growing of the feed was a 
help to the farm, and the feed value was 
largely a gift to the dairy. 


January 17, 1903. 

The: Practical Karmer 


Our Business Corner 

S. B. Cor. Market & I8th Sts., Phikdelphia. 

H£NRY HARRIS, Buslnesa Manager. 

■pcclAl Adrertlalac Keprcscntatlve 

S. K. Lelth, New Vorlc. 


Katlou. — Cooking Food for Stock 
Does Not I'ay. — A Brick Filter for 
Cistern. — Making an Artlflclal I'ond. 
— Health Hints. — Why Some People 
and Animals .Need Salt. '.VA 

How to Make a Cranberry Hog. .'14 

QlKlilES. — Timothy and Clover. 'M 

Peas, etc.. In .Northern New York. — • 
. Improving Productiveness. — Feeding 
Tankage. — Feeding Query. — Japan 
Clover.- — Success with Jersey Cows. .'{5 
LIVE STOCK Ai\U D.iJKY. — Hearing 

and Feeding Cfettle on Farms. 3r> 

r£?'A' W/ A. l « v.— Enlarged Hock.— Possi- 
bly (J los- Anthrax. 3« 
Influencing Sex. — Colicky Pains. — 
Lice on Horses. — Feeding Corn 
Stalks. — Indigestion. — Clover Bloat. .'17 
OARDE\. — Notes from a Carolina Gar- 
den. HH 
UORTIVUTVRAL.— The First to Plant 
the Kleffer Pear. — Horticultural 
guerlea. — Apple Trees Not Bearing. .S« 
Kudzu Vine. -^Horticultural Notes. .'{".> 
POULTRY. — Leghorns as Winter Layers. 
— Poultry Queries. — Sore Head or 
Chigoes. ,39 
EDITORIAL. — The Catalogues. — Home 
Grown Dairy Food. — Coloring But- 
ter.— The Tobacco Prospect. — Penn- 
sylvania Farmer.s" Institutes. 40 
JIOAIE CIRCLE.— VAmorlal Chat.— How- 
John Brooks Became a Farmer. 42 
Our Book Table. — -Among the Flow- 
ers. — Correspondence. 4:i 
OVR EXPERIESCE /'OO/..— Topic Nci. 
55.'>. — What Is the Most Profitable 
Breed ot Chickens for the General 
Farmer? 44 
SHORT CUTS HY P. F. fif^W.s'.— Buggv 
Thills Holder. — Fconomlcal Feed 
Trough for Hogs. — To Keep Shoes 
Tied. — Ladles' Overshoes for Snow 
and Ice. — Device for Shelf In Cup- 
board or Book Case. "Various Sugges- 
tions—Flood Gate. — Wagon Box. — 
Chapped Honds. — Cracks on Cows' 
Teats. — Dish of Noodles. 40 
CESSES. — Pumpkins for Hogs. — 
Have a Refrigerator. — Cses of Per- 
simmons. — Halslng Cabbage. — Farm- 
ing a Business.— ^ .Nice Wav to Bake 
Apples. — My Fall (iardeii. — Perma- 
nent Water tiate. — Trees for Shade 
aud Ornament. -How We Kalse To- 
matoes. — Portable Wardrobe. — Dys- 
entery In Calves. — Care for the 
Broody Hens. 47 

choice, small, 
fair to good. 



1 .'{ VM 

10 (H 

1 1 Vjffi: 

11 (il. 













28 «^ 

«i rj.oo 
(>i :{..")() 
(II, 12.00 
<(( .'».(>() 
(<i, ;i.2d 

Full cream. 
Full cream, 
Part skims 


Fowl.s, per lb 

Spring chickens, per 

Ducks, per lb 

tjeese. per lli 

Turkeys, per lb '. 


Fowls, per lb 

Chlcketis, per lb 

Turkeys, per lb 

Ducks, per lb 



Nearby fresh 

Western, choice 


Apples, per bbl 

Cranberries. Jer.. per crati 
Cranberries. Cai)e Cod. 1)1)1. 

Oranges. Jamaica, bbl 

Oranges, Fla., per box 

White potatoes, Pn.. per bu, 
White potatoes. West., bu. . 
Sweet potatoes. Jer.. has. . . 

Cabbage, per lou 

Onions, per bbl 

Marrows. H. P.. per bu. . . 

Scotch peas, per bu 


Timothy, choice, large bales. lS.,-.0 

Straw, straight rye 14. .'0 

Straw. tangJed ll..">o 

Wheat io..-,o 

Dat .j..-,o 


Bran. bulk. Winter, per ton.lO.OO 

Bran, sacked, Spring I'J.UO 


.Middling upland 8 9-10 

Corrected weekly by Coulbourn & Noble. 
Live Stock <"ommlsslou .Merchants. 29:14 Mar- 
ket .Street. 

Beef cattle steady on good grades. 


II. tin 













® 2.70 

(it 10.00 
(d 10.50 
(a 1 2.00 
((C. 12.00 
dA 11.00 

(li 20.00 
(a. 20.00 

Club Blanks. 

Every subscriber of the P. F. will find 
In his or her copy of the paper this 
week, a club subscription tlank. This 
is a special Invitation to each one to 
raise at least one of those 6-name clubs. 
As there Is space on each blank for 12 
names, two of the clubs can be sent on 
It. which would give the club raiser a 
choice of any two of the 13 special 
premiums which we offer for these 
clubs. Of course, a good many of our 
friends have already raised these clubs, 
and our Invitation to them is therefore 
not so urgent. But to every one who 
has not yet done so, this Is a special 
reminder that we are waiting to hear 
from them. The clubs are coming in 
at a most encouraging rate by every 
mail, showing that It only requires a 
little effort on the part of every friend 
of our paper to make a big showing in 
the way of new subscriptions. This is 
Just the time to Introduce the P. F. into 
new fields, and if every one would strike 
now. while the Iron is hot, the result 
would be most gratifying. As we said 
last week, we have gone Into the new 
year with the largest subscription list 
in our history and that list can be 
doubled In the next 30 days If we can 
hear from only part of our subscribers 
who have not yet sent us a club. 

Extra steers 

Good steers 

.Medium steers .' 

Co;iinion steers 


Veal calves Arm and active. 

Extra c alves 

Fair to good 

i'oor and common 


HtJfjJS — 

Hogs about steady. 
Fat hogs. I'a.. Del. & Md.. . 

l''at hogs. W estern 


Sheep and lambs steady. 

Sheep, extra wethers 

Sheep, good 

Sheep, medium .'. 

Sheet), common 

Lambs ' ." 



7 (ii 



4 r,i 


2 (<C 

4 (li, 









__, I'hiladelphia. Jan. 10, 1903. 


No. 2. red 70>i<ff 7OV. 

No. 2. Penna. aud Del 77^® 77^ 


There was a fair Inquiry for export, and, 
with higher Western advices and light offer- 
ings, prices advanced Ic. 

No. 2. yellow Sl%<3 62 


Offerings of car lots were light aud prices 
ruled steady, but trade was qidel. 

No. 2. white clipped 41 


Best prints .^1 (if .'12 

Firsts, creamery 21» *(* .'IO 

Seconds, creamery 20 fit 27 

Ladle packed 17 (i( 20 


The market ruled Arm under lluht otTer- 
[Bfa. but transactions were mostlv limited 
^ amkll lots to ttd* ovar actual wants. 

The New YorkMarket Review. 

This Is usually the quiet season for most 
farm product.s. and trade In nearlv all lines 
is easy, while prices show a decldecl tendency 
to drag. In a good many lines, however, the 
season of dullness here has been marked by 
healthy movement and general demand^. 
1 ric.'s are hlwh for nearly all products, and 
there has been M'iv little reaction since the 
holidays. The undertone of the markets Is 
strong and healthy. In the matter of dairy 
products prices are firm and hlKli. and sup- 
ply of stock not great. Fresh creamery but- 
ter Is not only firm, but in prettv good de- 
mand, while jobbers are looking around for 
fancy fresh goods to meet current demands 
of their customers. The call is chleflv for 
fanc-y fresh goods, although storage Butter 
has a fair demand and is In better condition 
than usual at this time of the year I'nder- 
grades of storage butter and State and West- 
ern ordinary packings are easy The re- 
ceipts of butter for the week "were nearly 
2!>,ooO packages, a considerable gain over 
that of the previous week. Cheese Is firm 
and h.t'her with total weeklv receipts placed 
at 12.410 boxes, and exports .'i.0.-)4. Stocks 
of Rood cheese are small, and all new cheese 
Is eagerly tak.m up at 12 to 14c. per pound, 
acc-ording to quality. Exporters continue to 
look for cheap grades of cheese for their 
business, hut there Is very little to be found. 
The grain market maintains a steady un- In the face of heavy liquidation after 
the holidays, and a pood deal of selling of 
futures for short accounts. Seaboard clear- 
ances which have been good are temporarily 
small at present, but European prices are 
on a firm basis. Bullish news Is expected 
to carry the market higher as the new year 
advances, and stock estimates can be more 
easily verified. Export buying of corn has 
been good lately, and there Is a rather bullish 
undertone to this cereal. There Is a liberal 

i'J.\"*shniT«T''''^' ""? **>'« partly offsets I 
mi,L-.ow I'o ''•^^"nif- in oats the Western ■ 
ma keis have considerable active trade and 
cash business here Is ilrm and active Bar- 
ley rye aud malt are In good condlUoii with 
trade demands fair at full prices ' 

Ihere have been few Winters when poultry 
and cKKs were higher and In more get era 1 
demand than the present, and all through the 

o. '^.'irrt."?,'^ m'"^« V'«'» H'"'--'' have rued 
01 all desirable grades, h'hat a good deal 
t dressed poultry was delayed in the rush 
n in.lured so that It had to be sold qulckij" \ 
had a bad effect for a time on the market ' 
but otherwise conditions were al favorable! I 

ii oI,h"^^- '"■ '^'••'^sed. and the former are 

1.1 o.%H i- W.V00.U. ttuu Lue lormer are 

tctiqe M^^fT/^r","**' ""•* the latter 17 
I . M /^"** ^^ *"** '""""y grades of turkeys 
lcl*r,!.';r.L^:^^«..^''L.•^tgher than thZl bj.c:ause' of ' the %mal '' recel Hs of de' 

c.'lck.fns^Tn\ *;''''fy\ ^^"'•'y airdeslrabre 
chickens and fowls have also a firm and 
active market. Capons are sellInK rather 
slowly, but that Is Weause of general poo? 
I'n "i'^'^; ""K '••"^•e'Pfs- I>ucks are^steadv and 

V ^e« fv^^^^^PP'^' ''"^ K^^*^" ai-e temporarl 
ly heavy, lame squabs are firm and active 
Eggs continue high and firm, wltk fancy rl^ 
Wgerator firm and ready to take advantage 
of every advance. The scarcity of beans on 

aZalairj^'r''^ '•'"'"^^ "' thls"market.'but 
tw. ,?.^J "'^**° "'•Kfnt, and neither dome.s- 
,L^^ Imported are selling much. All choice 
staiidard beans are quoted at top prices aid 
dealers can find buyers for theiS. "^ mDoi^ted 
rtden?.e^'"%r/*"'^ out slowly, but wul. ccVn 
r»in^ ■o„i''^^'*'*'^ «^"*"^ ''^'y '« '» Small re- 
fn "i ;^^P1 dealers sometimes have difflc-ulty 
In supplying customers with all their needs 
A Boc.a many of the railroads decline to 
L^r^K,'?^*^'^ present, and this hurts the mar- 
M;;,. »i ^"^ .*■,*'■ shortage may continue tor 
some time. Fancy hay Is worth $1.0.1 per 
100 pounds. Market Is firm and higher for 
good straw and long rye Is worth 77 to 87 
cents per loo pounds. lu 1 . 10 o, 

hJ\\^,Al """^i 'mprovement In potatoes. 
Init supply continues ample, and Imports 
nrin* ■'■''^'''"'f; '^^*'*t potatoes are more 
plenty and easier. Onions are barely steady 

»vVril'"i *'"'"•''■*' P*'."'* Quality and pHces are 
extreme lii range. Extra fancy apples are In 
demand but low and ordinary grades are 
qu et. (.rapes are mostly poor and dragging, 
but ciaubeiries are firm and active, with 
unusual prices for this season of the year 
Pears are nearly out of the market 

G. E. W. 

WHEAT— ^^^ ^*^'"''' •'*"• ^^' ^^**^' 

No. 2. red 7j) 

No. 1. .Northern Dulutb .... 80 

^^o- ■; • • •, 50V,ra 58 

No. 2. white and yellow 57 iS 


No. 2, white 41 

HAY — 

Prime, large bales. 100 lbs.. 1.05 


Creamery, extra 

Creamery, lirsts 

Creamery, seconds 

Statu dairy lulw. fauc\ . . . . 

Full cream, small 

Full cream, choice ', 

Light skims, siuail. choice. 
Light skims, large, dioi.c-. . 

Ducks, per pair 

iieese. per pair 

Fowls, good to prime. i)er lb. 
Turkeys, per lb 


Spring turkeys. i)er lb 

Spring chickens, per lb 

Spring geese, per lb 

Fowls, good to prime, per lie 
Squabs, poor to prime. d<'Z. . 

State and nearby 

Western ' 

GREEN F.rjl'ITS.— 

Apples, per bbl •. 

Cranberries, per bbl 

Cranberries, per crate 

(Jrapes, per case 

t J rapes, per has 

Oranges, Florida, per bcv . . 

Potatoes. Jer. per bbl 

Penna. it Western, IHO lbs.. 
Sweet potatcjes. per bbl. . . . 
<'elery. Western, doz. bun. . 

Onions, per bbl 

Caulillowers. per bbl '. 

Turnips, per bbl 

Spinach, per bbl 


24 ill: 

,2t> f-t 


11 ',4® 



(it. 1.00 

.2.-» (n 1.62 

12 n 13 

1 4 (n 15 















fit 4.00 
(It 12.0(t 






















Ease of mnklng 
andflttiTiKuroiiiiil ' 

aDKleaand coniiTslH.afcanirf nf M F Roof> i 
Imk Tin-tlie l»'st vt all ruutluK— it MVea 
waate of matehiU and tiuie. 

M F Roofing Tin 

18 made by hand labor— the old-atyle proceM 
and lasts tlfty years er more. Ask your roofer 
or writH to W. t. (K0.\K9i:rrK. Act.. i'«rart<« 
BIdt, Pliubanr, torllliistnitodtxwkonrooflngt 

Awrican Tin Plate Company. New York. 

FUmin(f$ 3 are free if they fail 


No matter what yon have done or tried 
you can po.sitively remove the ■pavia 
quick 1» and without injury with 
Fleiiilne'M Spavlo Cnre. One 45- 

mitiuioanplicatiou usually does it after 
all else Las failed. Costs nothing if it 
fails. Cures Ringbone, Spllut, (Uirb.etc. 
Our free ipaTia book will be worth dollara 
to 70a. 


Cattlemen have lost hnndreda of thon- 
sanda of dollars by lump jaw. No one 
need lose a cent hereafter because 
Flemiu^'s Lump Jaw < ur« cannot 
fail onco in 200 times. Simple, oommoo- 
sense aud ecoaomical enre. 


But 15 to SO days are required to cure 
either disea!<e with PleniluK'* Platula 
aud Foil KvU Cure. Has never faUed. 
No coat if It ever does fall. 

W rite today for circulars on any or all 
the above remedies. 8tat« which circulars 
are wanted. 

— . » '-5*^1'*° ■«<>»•. Chemists, 
««& Union Stock Yards, Chioaco, III. 


Round, of Any Size, sad all 

Machinery Needed. 
HARDER MFG. CO.. Cot/«sldll, ». fr 

Nitrate of Soda fo- Grass, ^o"? ^"J ''tlf^r^r 

Free Bnllet.n. William H. Myi^rmTntvlW^. 
Moom ia7, la John, New Tork cUf. 



On Riiniely Kearneared Traction Knplnea and new 

Riiml^Sepan.torH. FuUof Tbresherninn's Ixielc. 



for sale or trade. Mllllonaof 

f.-TT-'/T .-''T— "''rea. A!m»8tany county la 

U..^S. Cheapest and describe your wants. 
W. W. BAYITT a ro., Baiili»r. ud Broken, Topfka, Kaa. 

Swan's Standard Roofing. 'A^'VnS'"'^oT'^; 
C >^.''"T'.Sr.'!'V.'' SyiS7^!,".l^;r.:L%"CHiy7.r^ 


10 plain slKbt of the operator. 
MAnMEWS-lmproftd for ItOI 


Hind Sttdirt and Cultlvitsn. 

tJMdLv ILe niott ■Qccaivfa] fmrdaOMt. 

Tbty do ptriect work. Sar* tlm« aaa 
k Booty. Opts furrow. dropOMod, 
Faorcr ir dnirtd dtptli, mlto aarka 

B*zt re LaUal and txal ColttrMlBg 

Attx:hii>.jtt. B>it mtteftal ihnofbMl, 
_ .- ) IV'^l oMKlof dtMtlblat our fliUUM, e«<k 

AMK8 PLOW CO.. 83 MarkstSt.* Boaton. 

Farm Waaon only •«!.»». 

•VJ "r.'l?I to Introduce their Low Metal Wheels 
with Wide Tires, the Empire Manufacturlnir 
(ompHny Qulncy, 111., have placed upon the 

.«?'''*w' a.Vr"':!''""'* "an'J.v Wasron, that Is only 
25 Inches high, fltted with 24 and .SO Inch wheels 
with 4-lnch tire, and sold for only 821.95. 

"This for That 

want. (MearKlcanti* pap«r which prlnto tbontaadr of h- 
chanr* advtrtliaaiaiili. Six moelhi' trial labMrlDtloD lOrta 

-THw rua THAr* pcb. co, 144s starwlu!. rHitaaS. 

99TrMl* aaythlna 
you h*<« for 

♦ 1,1 ■ .''^affon Is made of tba best material 

J&i^'"'.'";''"'' '■*''«.">' ^"'"'* '"'ta trifle more 
than a set of new wheels and fully Ruaranleed 

Mon''«Ml';*r- <'«!*'"'?"•' KlvInK a'^fullde".'rTp- 
tlon will he mailed upon api)Iloatlon hv the 

idso will ftirnlsh metal wheels at ^ow t^rlcas 
mada anf sisa and width of tlra to flt an/ilai! 



Strictly rnw, perfect, Semi ■ Hardened 
Sleel HtieetR, 2 fet't wide, 8 leet long. Th« 
bnl KooflnK. Nldlsr or Oiltac J— aaa w*. 
No experience iieoensary to lay It. An 
ordinary liammer or hatchet the only 
tools you need. We furnHh nalli fra* 
and paint roonnir two aides. Comas 
either flat, rorruirated or "V" crliiip*<l 
Drn.ered tr^r of all ehtrrt* to all points 
In the I S..eaKt of the MK-lMlpni BlTW 
___»'«1 North of the Ohio klTer 


Pri««« to other poinu . applltallaa. A ao uare maana UM 
■quare feet. Wr>- ror f ree Cktaloirue No. m 

tmm Mou:.; wiucRias co.. w. istb ssd im tit.. Ckii .>a 

Roderick LeanXT^ vB. 



Ma''& by experienced! 
I T.orkmen of apeclal ms-| 

I tarial. Acknowledged by , 

I tertuers superior to all otbsrs. 

Sold on Tbelr 91 erlts. 

8plks Tooth Harrows. Spring Tooth 
•"Harrows. Disc Harrows 
Land Kellers. Hand Carta I 

^rlte for caUloftMl 


,^ MFG. 

W^heelT^PCT fEll^ ^ COMPANY, 
«r ShoM ^ W/9r Mansflsid, Ohio. 

No. 3 


Best Feed Grinder Koney Csn 
I ''"' Op'ration with Oaaoline 
or Steam Engine. Tread Power, 
Power Wind MiU, etc. 

WHY? '•<-^:>^'Ult 

T* ■■ ■ ' (rrinds rapidly 
making tplcnilld re«d, ta- 
ble meal or trraham flour, 
baa ample capacity tor 
♦ or 6 bcirwe power, and 
an automatic feed reg- 
ulator, which prevents Its 
chokl ng down the lUhtest .^,~- ^^.^ 

P"?**",',!* ''""* ^•"•oiiKliout of Iron and ateal and will 
itfu «"i^^"*- Thousand. In u-e for iSi^d w}^ 

Feed (Jrinden. in. ludlng the only reallT^uoSSfSl 

Cora and C«k. and « arn. Cob aad Sksek rSS 

rw,"''*'2' f'»"»'ull line of Knallaire and Foddar 

I Powers, Ti»a^ Home Powers, wi..d Mlila. etoL 

MP^ETON MFQ.CO./m ^a>na«i^ SLi.^u ■.. 




' M-w^tmmSSOBSZ' 





Tub practical Farmer 

January 17, 1903. 

The Home Circle* 

IMItcl by Vflma Caldwell MPlvllle, Hun Prairie, 
WIk , to wlioiu all rommunicHtluus relative to tbti 
<k-partinfnt Nhould be addrcaaed. 

Editorial Chat. 

Krc fill"? n-iK lies tin- II. C. loadcis Clirlst- 

niuH will be u 'iiiiiiicr of history. •■ uiid tln' 

New Vt'Ur •Itaf will liuvc pt»-ii turucil so 

loiiK tliut. In soiiii- cases, it will liave just 

iiiUiiially lliitt..r.'(l Lack Into lis old iilacc. 

It Is (|in'i'r why resolutions, euleri'd iijion 

with such (,'ood faith, hieak so easily. Most 

of us hav«' a doublf si-lf. the two continually 

at war. I.Ike one of old. "When I would do 

Kood. evil Is jiresent with ine."' Keceuiber 

ill Wisconsin lias been no mid Siiniiner dream. 

but the weather bus imt been nearly so bad 

as In inaiiy other sections. Sister Merryniau 

writes from I'birida, under date Dec. ICth. 

'I am slttlnjf by a cheery pine (ire with my 

writing- 'I'he other (»ne is outside ),'rindlnK 

cane by the syrup furnace, i have a Klass 

o;" tile delicious juke on tlie table to Hip from 

hetweeu thoiiKhls. I think we may have a 

fiost tonlxlit .so till- mubh will have to be 

put over the strawberry patch. We bad a 

lovely mess of strawberries last ■Sunday, but 

as they are not yet in full bearing we cannot 

have them every day. Our tfieen (teas are 

just comhiK on now and they are line. After 

all, 1 WOilId like to visit the apple and ve-je- 

tahle cellars of my old home in far-away 

■Vaiikeedom." " Of course those strawberries 

and Ki''"'" peas make us a bit envious despite 

our cellar stored full of jf<'<'d things. 

r.ut oh. frii-nds, how little we know of 
what this severe Winter means to the very 
poor. Kven in the larger cities of Wisconsin 
there are at t lis and cellars uuliKhted and un- 
warmed, where mothers and their helpless 
babes huddle under a few rat,'s in speechless 
misery. Only this week we rea<I of the 
Superintendent of I'oor. In Milwaukee, tlndlng 
a tireless room containlui; a bed of rajrs In 
w*ilch lay a mother with her new horn babe, 
while on the bare. Icy Moor crouched two little 
half naked tots, no older, perhaps, than the 
< hlld In your home that you still call "the 
baby." The father Is In the reform school. 
"I wonder that any girl will marry." re- 
marked a gentleman recently, as we con- 
versed of the numerous Instances, within 
present knowledgi;. of direst misery resulting 
from taking the step. 

Ketone leaving Yuletide subjects, we must 
tell you of a Christmas present sent us by 
our Hhut-in friend. IJosalle V. Miller, of I.odi. 
Wis. It is noiliing more nor less than an art 
• alendar. and the loveliest thing. Vou see 
she knows what the rest of you do not, and 
that Is that my peerb-ss Maltese pet. "Jack," 
died a few weeks since : but it must have 
l>een Inspiration that made her send this 
calendar, whlih is called "Cats and Kits." 
for she did not know how ardently we are 
longing for another baby kit. a genuine blue 
blood: but these pictures are ipilte consoling. 
and we thank her heartily. 

And this leads on to shut-ins and reminds 
us of a irlvate letter retelved last evening 
trom which we quote, knowing full well thai 
a generous response will follow. Is It not 
wonderful that even with ones pen she can 
sit In her ow n borne and "feed my abeep ; 
f»ed my lambs." 

"Dear Mrs. Melville: We bave taken the 
P. F. for some years and no other paper can 
Jill Its place in our home. I always turn to 
Kdltorlal Chat as soon as It tomes, and I 
want to thank you for the pleasure you have 
given me In these little talks. I have never 
written for the II. C, but as I am an Invalid 
1 want t<» talk to you, knowing full well that 
I shall have your sympathy. I have not 
walked since last May, and may never walk 
again. Have dropsy and rheumatism and 
have had n shock. The doctor says I may 
have another any time. I suffer most of the 
time. If was hard to bear in Summer when 
1 had the birds and flowers, but so much 
worse now. I bave a devoted husband and 
Bon who do the work and <are for me. but 
of necessity they are much out of doors. We 
live on a farm and sometimes two weeks will 
pass without anyone coming In. When I 
feel able I amuse myself with lallco. worsted 
or silk patthwork when I have anything to 
work up. I dread the holidays and all the 
days that remind me of old times when my 
own family and those of my two sisters made 
merry together. Now one of my sisters is 
fatally ill. When my head is ncrt too liad 
I read what I on get to read, but our sup- 
ply is not large After reading al>oiit Kllen 
Kinney's birthday party I am tempted to ask 
for a letter party, though my birthday is past. 
It would bring such <heer Into tlie tedious, 1 
lonely hours, and I could read them over and 
over." Now we know this is enough, but in- 
stead of asking for a letter party on a cer- 
tain day, thereby running through with a 
good thing all at on<-e. we are going to say, 
let us all write a Utter of cheer or gloom — 

just according to our mood. Sometimes It 
does one good to bear of other people's suffer- 
ings — and a bit of calico or silk, or 
a nice little story or poem clipped from some- 
where, or a taking picture or a card or any- 
thing calculated to while away a tedious hour, 
for one shutlii. 

"If you've bad a shown 
I'ass It on." 

The husband of this allllcted one, before 
mailing her letter, added: "Sln<e writing the 
above, my wife has another .slight stroke, 
but is liiiiiroviiig attain." 

Parties responding will address Mrs. C. II. 
Sleight. South (Mensfalls. Saratoga Co.. .\. V. 

A rejider fiom Osceola, lowa, wants to 
learu .some new way of dlsjioslng of a 
Muilt made by their church aid society. Their 
names are on the blocks. We only know of 
iiie two ways— lottery and auction. Who 
can help us out V 

How John Brooks fiecame a Farmer, 


One dreary morning In Match, John Ilrooks 
could not attend to his studies as usual. 
I'or some time past his health had been grad- 
ually falling. lie wished to graduate that 
year, as be Intended entering a law college 
after the Summer vu<alloii. It had been up- 
blll work with him nearly all his life, his 
father dying when he was tlfteeen. and his 
mother not many months after, leaving noth- 
ing behind except a good name, lie worked 
for a year for a large dry goods 11 rm. barely 
earning h' ; fo«.d and cb.iblng. lie then saw 
an advertisement, reading, "Hoy wanted to 
help a dairyman night and morning for his 
board and cb. thing. Can attend school dur- 
ing the day." lie seized eagerly at such n 
<hance, an«i although the work was hard, he 
stuck to it for thiee years. At the end of time be graduated from the public 
sch<«d. A friendly carpenter then offered 
him a situation for a year, which lu- a<-.ept- 
ed. saving enou::h in that time to jmy for 
one year In college. After that he worked 
Ills way earning money by any honest means, 
lie won many frieiuls, who helped him all 
they could, but all things have an end. This 
morning everything was at a standstill: his 
tired br.iin refu.sed to work: human nature | 
could stand no more. ||e felt dazed, and ' 
scarce knowing what to do. .s« |/ed his hat j 
and started for a walk, thinking the cold air 
would do hlrn good. Shortly be met Dr. Day, j 
an old friend of his father's, who said, 
chwrlly, "Hello, John, what's tip'/" i 

"I don't kn<»w," answered John. 
"<'ome along with me," said the doctor. ' 
"and we will snon see." 
j A few steps brought them to the office, and ' 
after many iiuestlons biing asked and an-, 
swered, the doctor gave bis verdict : .Ver- ' 
vous prostration. No study for several years. 
Complete rest of mind and moderate exer- 
cise of the body" ! 
•I'.ut. doctor, what shall I doV I 
"Have you no relatives or friends to whom 
you can goV" asked the doctor. 
"Not one." he aiisweri'd. 
The doctor took a turn through the room 
then asked: "What has liecome of .voiir great- 
uncle. John Itrooks, for wiiom you were 
named?" John stnrte<l at this and studied 
a moment, then aswered : "I bad a 1-tter 
about New Ycarx from Scpiire Mn.wn. telling 
me my unc le w:is and hail left me that 
old farm of his. As I knew it was worthless 
I thought no more of It." 

"The very thing." said the doctor. -(in 
down there and vegetate for a year or twc). 
and you will b- a new man." 

""I5ut what shall I live on In the menn'lme'/ 
I have no money and am scarcely able to 

"'Vou can surelv sc rape some sort cif a liv- 
ing for a time at least." 

"I will have to try It anyway, as l have 
nowhere else to go." 

.So saying J<din took his dei>arture. return- 
ing to his room and beginning at «mce to 
r>ac k his few belongings, lie had some c-ar- 
l»enter tools and a number c)f iwMiks. some of 
whi. h he took to the seccmdhand lMK)k store 
and scdd. to get enough monc<y to pay his 
carfare to lieasant vllb. where his fariii was 
situated. After his task was finished he sat 
down to rest and try to plan his future, but 
his mind was a blank. Here he was. at 
twenty three, strength and ambition gone; 
education unfinished, and n<» means of a live- 
lihood. On Monday he took leave of his fel- 
low students and his native town and set 
out on his Journey with a heavy heart. Ar- 
riving at his destination about noon, he start- 
ed to nnd Scpiire Itrown. A rosy chreked 
girl of nlMiiit twenty Summers answered his 
knock anci ushered him into her father's 
library. John soon made himself known and 
stated his errand. The business was scMin 
arranged sntisfactorlly. The Sc|uire explained 
that the farm was about worthless, and the 
taxes bad not been paid for a time. 

"I know It is not worth much." said John, 
"but I only wish to stay <ui It until I regain 
my health." The Sciulre gave him the keys, 
and he started across the fields to the lonely 
old farm house. There were tifty acres lii 
all, ten in woodland and pasture and forty 
cleared, but either swampy or stony and 
rough. It was on a southern sloi)e and at 
Its foot a silvery creek wended Its way. A 
country road ran by the house, on either side 
of which an old worm fence was falling to 
<lecay and growing uj) witli sumac and blac-k- 
berry bushes. An old barn stood below the 
road, with hand-made oak shingles, with the 
ends turned up, on the roof. The lean-to was 
almost tumbling down. 'I'he house was on 
the other side of the road. Some of the win- 
dow i.anc-s were broheu and the loof was In 
bad condition. On the left a spring bubbled 
up and lan acioss the road Into a large 
watering trough hi the barnyard: on the 
right was u vegetable garden : In front a 
sjiaiious lawn swept down to the rc»ad. tilled 
with wc-cds and briars of all kinds. An or- 
chard of half dead apple trees occupied the 
slope behind the bouse. John surveyed the 
desolation, and a wave of Icjnglng for the 
busy sirec-ts of the city came over him. 

■"How can 1 endure Ifi" he thought. I'n- 
fastenlng the door, he entered an old 

loned kllct with a big wood fire place, in 

whlc h a lot of wood was piled. He socm had 
a bright fire burning. He then took a look 
at the premises. Kverythlng was Just as his 
uncle had left It, and as he had remembered 
It on his one visit, when a child. His uncle's 
big arm chair stood in the chimney corner. 
The shelf above the lire-place held the old 
blue delft candlesticks; several chairs and 
a table were scattered about the room. In 
(he kitchen bedroom an old-fashioned bed 
and dresser stood, and there was a feather 
bc-d and several blankets ""That looks ciulte 
comfortable," he thought. "I can keep 
warm, anyway." He next went to the barn 
and found a few old farming implements and 
I a wheelbarrow. With the latter lic> started 
I to the village to get his baggage and scuue 
I supplies, as he had saved a few" coins after 
I Ills fare was paid. He soon returned and 
I went about making his new home mc»re com- 
I fortable. So he passed a week. He now 
j !• It stronger and more hopeful. He looked 
his situation In the fac-e. Money he must 
j have to live, so he set out for the village to 
! l<»ok for work, going to tiie Sc|ulres olflce 
j first. He socm procured several small jobs, 
which kept him busy for several weeks, as be 
j cc.uld not work a whole day at a time. About 
this time he received a letter from Dr. Day, 
j making inciulry as to how he was getting 
la'ctng and what his prospects were, and if he 
i were going to do any farming, and saying 
that he was going to send him .some Isioks 
I on garcb-nlng and poultry, lie received the 
, books in a few days and soon got Interested 
' In them. Then he thought how nice it would 
he to have a garden and a few chickens. 
First he built a small hen house, then pro 
cured a lialf dozen hens, which were 
his nuc lens in the poultry business. He then 
sent for several dollars" worth of seeds, not 
forget ling a few flower seeds, as he was a 
great lover of the Iwautlful. and had acquired 
scmie knowledge of flowers while helping the 
gardc-ner In the college grounds. A ncigh- 
iM.r plowed his garden and also about an 
of old sod, at the lower end of the- orchard, 
wbc-re he planted potatoes and sweet corn. 
In c-xi hange he did some carpenter work for 
Hie farmer. He also got his wed potatoes 
nnd c-orn the same way. He now felt better 
In every way, and soon had his garden made. 
He found plenty of pie jilant. horse radish 
and asparagus along the fence. He could 
not do much with the lawn hut mow the 
briars off and trim the lilac and rose bushes. 


For the sake of saving odd 
pennies don't buy an inferior 
emulsion when you really need 
Scott's Emulsion. 

The difference in price is 
pennies. The difference in re- 
sults is pounds — pounds of 
new flesh — and days of 
strength and comfort. 

Those who have lost flesh 
can regain it more quickly by 
means of Scott's Emulsion 
than in any other way. 

Send for Free Sample. 
SCOTT & BOW N E, Chemists, 409 Pearl St., N. V, 

The Spring days seemed to fly by. The dead 
limbs were sawed off the apple and cherry 
trees, the house roof patched, the old lean-to 
torn away from the barn and the lumber 
piled up to build a better poultry house by 
and by. He got several of the village cows 
to pasture ; thereby getting plenty of butter 
anci milk. The weeds grew apace, but by 
steady perseverance he siic-ceeded In raising . 
pretty fair crops. When resting he studied 
his farm and poultry books. A great love 
of farm life took pos.sesslcui of him. liis 
lllc- at college seemed a far off dream. So 
passed the first Summer. In the Fall he ' 
found he had vegetables and fruit for his 
use and some to scil. and alsc» had euougli 
hay and feed for cuie cow, whlc h he pun has.-d 
with money he bad made in various ways 
during the Summer. Ills varied experlence.s 
stcjod him In good steaci, as he could take 
care of a cow and do his household duties 


In a 

Glass of Water, 


Put a handful oi glazed 
coffee in a glass of water, 
wash off the coating, 
Ionic at it; smell it! Is 
it fit to drink? Give 


the same test. It leaves the water 
bright and clear, because iVs jus/ 
pure coCfee, 


have stood the test for 80 
years, and are the popular 
AHM.M to-day. Weuiukes 
large line uf 


Kroin tS.OU to 9150.00 


From 8'.j.50 to 990.0U 


From S7.50 to S'^S.OO 

Nearly every dealer In i<|K)rtlnt 
(ooOs and hardware can aiipply 
our drearmB. If you cannot 
Btid ihem, we will iiliip direct 
(express |>ald)c>ti rei-elpt erf price 
HfiHl fur ;>-/«i./r 17/ V rnfalufj. 

J. Stevens Arms &, Tool Co. 

>o. M»0 Mala Rtret-t 


\.t^ y ■ ^V^^. " -''"" «•"" alwavi order the 
F^pp""* ""* "*'"»* "' ohtmney for any lam !! 
^'^^- Mac BKTH, I'lttsburg, Pa. 

PROLONfl T"^V" ■'» PE 'by savlni your 

^r.^rn r """V'""*'- '■^ should iencl 

Tilt ^aoA w*"* I'^^'J," *'".'■ « «^""iK mnchlne. 

Th e 1906 Wa>ber Co., U U Si.t,. 81., Bli,„h.oi.oa, N. r 

Cold weather Is here. LEIIMAM nrAXIPBM 

fr~ V"??,""" ""'^ Wagons are ma.M.nHt.le. I7i.^'"ln 
hr;n J. '•" l'*"'" f^"" •'''•"■ »° »'•"■•• AHk your cmrrlajE " 
harness or harnware dealer about llieni *-■"'»««. 

BBL SUGAR. %7 95 ,'?'•'" •*"'' m^ney, 

47.4» W. I.uke Ht., ( bicaico. III. 


WHEN YOU WANT * «>«t»<'«wrri>jr«r » it 

I < o N KW York. They make the best. Ask for th?lr 
ciitHlogue and prices. " 






€oiif?lis, Coldf 


, Itroiicliitis,! 


l^i:iZt ^^/Z^joL zr^' 

5Hy""^B«„d BOOTS 

Rubber and WoaI. Arctirm T^T^^T^TTm^T' 

I ahoQld 


■ b« uied for Chll.lrcin Twihlnj, 


juothn tht child, Mfirna lh« tumt •lltTi iif'^in 
I «""'"■■■'' «»M c. sod I. ,L. b.:t"".'™,5"'J„', di'.^g""" 
^^^^^^^■n Twtolr-flTteenusbotilt. 

January 17. 1903. 

; w^i 





Thk Practical Karmer 


Willi ease. lie raised about fifty ehlckens, 
.selling all but twenty live, which kept him 
well sijpiilled with eggs all Winter. As the 
long evenings came he felt the aeed of com- 
panioushlp or books, ho he subscribed for 
several good magazines and farm papers, A 
literary society was formed In the village, 
which he attended occasionally, and was 
soon drawn into the debates. Before the 
Winter was over lie was elected leader and 
was also invited into the church choir. The 
Squire's pretty daughter was the organist. 

We thoroughly enjoy every word that pro- 
ceeds out of this gnarled old inultlrallllon- 
aiie's mouth, from this llrst sad introduction 
to the day when, boarding a New York train 
bound for the West, lie tiling back this part- 
ing shot at his grandson : '"l*. I'erclval Bines, 
change your name back to 'IVte,' son, when 
you get west of t'hicago, 'Taint anything 
fancy, but its a cracklu' good business name 
for a hustler !"' One of his crisp sayings, at 
least, one can never forget : "1 am happy, 
because I know how to be rich nnd sllll enjoy 

which had a good bit to do with his joining all the little comforts of poverty. 

the choir. So it came about ho frecjuently 
walked lu'me with Bessie Brown. But the 
Winter was not spent In idleness. Posts and 
rails were cut for new fences, old fences were 
torn away and the briars cut down. He 
plannc>d to plow the old meadow, plant it to 
potatoes, set out raspberry plants in each 
■ Iternate row, nnd put out one-fourth acre 
if- sl'uwberry plants. Another lot to the 
right of the orchard, containing a couple of 
acres, he would ])ut In corn. The Spring 
opened early and warm. A large hotbed was 
made In which thousands of seeds were sown. 
John was busy from daylight till dark. He 
sold his cow and bought a horse so he could 
do hLs own plowing and hauling. He set out 
large beds of asparagus, horse radish and pie 
plant. A man cnme along from the city who 
bargained to buy all his surplus vegetables. 
It was not long ere he realized a snug sum 
weekly from tlie .sale of these and jilants. 
He again pastured a few cows. In return he 
took butler and milk. Twetity-tive acres of 
tTie farm was on the lower side of the road, 
and was wet and stony. When lie had spare 
time he plowed furrows up and down at 
short Intervals ; then dug them several feet 

To us I'ncle I'eter is the central ligure in 
the story ; to another reader his grandson 
would be; to another Alice Millrey ; but of 
course It takes these and dozens more marked 
characters to make up the personnel of this 
really fascinating story. While this is in no 
sense an historical novel. It deals out a vast 
amount of history of one sort — the inner 
history of New Y'ork's 400, and a few chap- 
ters on Wall Street. It portrays vividly the 
different characteristics of the lOast and West. 
It gives the average man and woman, as we 
know humankind, views of life (piite ultra, 
amusing and even instructive. While we are 
loath to believe that marriage is held to be 
such mere "barter among certain classes, yet the 
dally press of our counti"y seems to validate 
the claims made by this writer, 'i'he whole 
story is realistic and, unlike mctst recent 
books, carries us up to yesterday : but we 
are left with the abiding conviction that If 
we were In Montana City tomorrow, we 
should met good, bliiiideriiig Mrs. Bines and 
have a chat with her about her New York 
proteges ; meet I'syche and her I^nglishman, 
and we would, of course. Incfuire after those 
Casselthorpe twins ; wring I'ncle I'eter's 

deep and hauled stones and piled them near hand and congratulate him upon being once 
the dltthes. These he broke up line, putting , more !u ' Gods own couiiiry." and last, but 
about a foot and a half in the bottom and till- [not least, renew our ocquaintance with I'er- 

Ing up with soil, so getting rid of the stones 
and draining the land at the same time. The 
soil wax reiilly good. iHit rougli. as it had 
never been thoroughly worked. Then another 
Summer jtassed away. He sold enough vege- 
tables to partly pay the taxes and buy a few 
necessary farming implements, and raised 
about one hundred and fifty chic>kens, of 
which lie sold one hundred, realizing a sum 
sutfic'ient to make some needed re[)airs about 
bouse and barn. His eggs brought him a 
neat sura each week. In the Spring he was 
enabled to purchose another horse and a cow. 
The bMckster who bad bought bis produce 
\.\t» year before now came twice a week, buy- 
ing all he could raise, ,so h? devoted his 
wbc»le time to bis gardc-n. I'efore the season 
was over the ta.\es were all paid, the house 
and barn newly roofed and new fences and 
Improvements everywhere. Another J'ear he 
would have the wet land ready for cultiva- 
tion. He put out an orchard and more small 
fruits. In a few years he liecame a pros- 
perous farmer and Bessie Brown shared 
bis fortunes. 

dval and Avlce. The book is handsomely 
bound in red and gold : will make a charming 
gift to either a young man. a maiden or a 
business man, and would not come amiss to 
anyone else. No public library can afford to 
be without it. 

Our Book Table. 


"Tiir: Sin:NnKtis."— Well. If you have never 

had the privilege of spending all the money you 

want to. you liiicl is-fier read this book ; enter 

right into if and for once you will enjoy the 

Keosaiion of feeling millions slipping through ' r ^"'' "' *'"* '"■•*'h''»'n, Wlsccmslu, writes: 

your fingers. There 1. not « dull page in it ! Ki'VoVcJs T^y^^} ^ VTr" c^r.^uS 

of the I". F.. upon the subject of having too 
; many childuu. There Is a good deal of truth 
I in what she savs, but I suppose there is 
I little chance of her words reaching the ears 

Among the Flowers. 


I now have some fine pelargoniums. The 
plants, as you know, are expensive, and my 
pocket book Is often empty, so I have long 
wlslied for them in vain, until the plant and 
seed due bill, offered by our I'. I'., gave me 
the chance to get some seeds. These were 
carefully planted and watched and in less 
than two weeks ."! plants came up and grew 
very fast, but I looked In vain for more. I 
am nfrald I rather blamed the seedsman In 
my own mind. However. 1 let the pot of soil 
stand, only sprinkling some sand cm top, and 
putting some gei"anlum cuttings In It. Just 
three months after the first pelargoniums 
started, three more came up. 

Moral. — Mont find fault with the seedsman 
until you have given his seed a fair trial, as 
In my cane three months was none too long 
to wait for the seed to come up. 


from the death of "Daniel J," which event 
occurs 111 his palace car and opens the story, 
to the last chapter, wlilch records scj graphi- 
cally his son's rather uncommon but success- 
ful wooing. Vou fall In love with good, old 
I'ncle I'eter on his first introduction : 

""Standing l>eside a boulder of gray granite, 
before a background of the gnarled dwarf 
cedars, his hat off, his blue shirt open 
ot the neck, bis bare forearms brown, 
hairy and muscular, a hammer In his right 
hand, his left resting lightly on his hip. he 
might have lieen the Titan that had forged 
the boulder at his side, pausing now for 
breath before another mighty task. Well over 
six feet tall, stK. straight as any of the 

of those w ho need them. After all,. It .seems 
to me that there Is more need, ot this age of 
the world, of words on the other side of this 
(pic-stion. 'A .Mother" confesses to, or 
claims to have borne four children. Pre- 
sumably has brought them up In the way they 
should go. and has given them an education 
satisfactory to her. F'robablv has liad an In 
Huence upon them whicli will lead them to 
Improve upon hc»r example and give their c"hil- 
dren a better education than slie has given 
hers, and In order to do it. will draw the 
line at a smaller number than is her limit — 
If Indec-d tlieir ecliic-ntlon does not make them, 
as m.v good mother ii.sed to express It. ""too 
nice or too wise" to have any at all. Now. I 
think ""A .Mother" has done pretty well to 

pines before hlin, his head and broad shoul- have ix.riie four children, hut I believe she 
ders In the easy poise of power, there was /\"ll'*' ''"ve done l)etter had the niimls'r lieea 
«h«i.t him «» o .iiof... .« ..„ -i™_- , .. M'lKht. As I look around amcmg my friends 

about him at a distance, no signs of age," |flnd ac<pialntan(es I think I see manv more 
Posing thus he waited to hear what news ! families whlcli are suffering from tcio few 
nilly Brne. the messenger sent upon his trail '"•'"•I'V" "'»" '''""'" '«'" many. I have a nelgh- 
h»H,..,i,f 1,1,^ \v „„ I . K T M. ^"'^ ^^'"^ '" "'«■ ni'"l>'''' of fifteen, all but one 
had broughthlm. We can almost hear Hilly > „f whom are living, and all who are grownup. 

are filling useful and honorable positions In 
life: and the lady is today the perfect em- 
bodiment of womanly health and vigor. I 
n»*ed not say tliai siie is not a Yankee. I 
would not Intimate that such a record Is 
within the reach of oil. But T will die this 
family as an offset to ".\ Mother's" "mess"' 
of children. (^n the other hand. I have 
known liwmes which are desolate for the lack 
of cliUdren. and other homes where there Is 
onlv one, to wlich one the parents are slaves 
and are spoiling with the most determined 
assiduity. The primary end and ol)Ject of 
the whole creation Is that children mav be 
born and reared into good men and women — 
educated in a much better than merely intel- 
lectual sense, and gradnat)>d Into Heaven. 
Anything which stands in the way of the 
attainment of this end Is mischievous. Amc^ng 
all the menaces t« our civlllzaticm and to our 
experiment In government, there Is none so 

stammer: -Why — uh — Danl J., he's dead. 

"Dan'l J. — he's dead ; — why who else it 
dead too?" queries the old man. 

"Nobody else dead — just Dan"l J. — he's 

"Jest Danl J. — my boy — my boy. Danl 

• Hs mighty shape was stricken with a 
cnricms rigidity. 

•Danl :• 

And then agoln : "Why, I nursed thot boy 

when he was a dear, funny little red baby 

with big round eyes rollin" around to take 

lotice; he took notice owfiil (pilc-k- fur a 

»nby. (lb, my! Oh. dear! Danl; Danl had 

'•Is faults but they didn't hurt him none." 

formidable as the sterility of American 
women. Among all the blessings that may 
fall to the lot of woman, next to the gift of 
a loved and lovable husband, the greatest Is 
that she may become a "jovful mother of 

-Mrs. S. K. Mcflee, Kansas, writes : My lot 
has fallen In a school district where we have 
a gcjod house and where the parents take 
enough interest in the pupils to see that 
they are comfortable while in the school 
room. The teacher is paid good wages, so 
that we can get one who has a repiiiatlou 
as a teacher. We have found by experience 
that the brightest student Is not always the 
best In conveying knowledge to the pupil. 
Nearly all school houses in this part of the 
country are situated so that the pupils studv 
with their faces east or west, which I have 
often thought was a mistake. We older peo- 
ple can remember when we used to sing : 
"The top of every map Is north, the bottom 
south we make; the right side east, the left 
side west, preventing all mistakes." I have 
heard more than on< express themselves as 
getting the impression that the west was 
north while they studied their geograpliv 
with their face to the west. 1 think a gooil 
way yet to study geography is bv singing as 
we used to. I read In one' of the June num- 
bers of the P. F. the experience of a woman 
who had always forbidden her children to 
come home and tell school stories. I have 
known parents who forbade their chlldien 
to repeat sc hool stories and I alwavs thovight 
It unjust. The woman I refer to, was led to 
change her mind by a remark her little bov s 
schoolmate made to her In regard to some- 
thing that occurred at school. It Is natural I 
for the child to want sympathy, and who Is I 
there for them to go to to relieve their little I 
hearts as gc»od as the parent"/ «»f course 
there should be discretion on the port of the 
latter. We must not think that our children 
iii-e faultless, iind lay all tlie blame on the 
teacher or other pupils. But bv gentle re- 
proof, and svmpotby when needed, we can 
gain the child's ci.niidence, which is of Inesti- 
mable value to both parties. I think there 
Is not enough ottentlon paid to the pronunci- 
ation of syllables in spelling now. I think 
the good old speriing schools ought to be re- 
vived again. We used to have spellings after 
night and hove contest In arithmetic before 
recess and spell after recess. .Some parents 
are In a hurry to send their children to high 
scliooi. The teachers in the Norman Hchool 

In our town said those who attended Normal 
from the country schools had a more thor- 
ough education than tlicjse from the high 
school. I would like to say to any teacher 
who may read this. •Ho nc")t discourage the 
dull pupil." for ••'I'lie nice Is Tiol to the swift 
not the battle to the strong" always. Wlien 
we send ciur children to eollege. let it be a 
college where a ("hristlan Infiuence is thrown 
around them, i'or the tJliristlan makes the 
best citizen alwavs. 


Asthma sufferi-rs need no longer leave home 
and liiisiiiess l:i order ti» be cured. Nature baa 
produced t! vegetable remedy that will per- 
manently ctire Asthrua and all diseases of the 
lungs and brcmclilal lubes. Having tested Its 
wonderful c-uintive powers In thousands ot 
cases (wlrli a record c)f iiit per cent, perma- 
nently cured I nnd desiring to relieve human 
sufTerliig, I will send free of charge to all 
sutferers from Asthma. < onsumptlon. Catarrh. 
Bronchitis a-id nervous diseases, this recipe 
In <;.TiuHii. Freiii>i or Kngilsh. with full di- 
re ticiis for preiarlug and uslug. .Sent by laalj. 
Address with staiiit'. uainliig this paper, W. 
A. Noyes. S-i7 Powers Block, Kochester, N Y. 

make the Farm Pay 

// /-^^ /T^-i-i Tl»cre'» money In "^ 

Mm*. Ap-lcultiiral Culle^e 

farmlnc If yuu under' 
st'inj modern methods 
:>n'l fartti int<:li|;ently ai 
t.iuh:tit by our eurrespood- 
Cfl'-e course ia 


Under Frof. Wm. P. 

Brooks, l*h. D., of 

Treats of toili, tilli(e. 

ivi'i^i, r\KnLuiiur..i ^.ui.CKC, mic«L» oi .wits, ^.ii*i^s, 

drain.i(je,fertlU«r«,croi> rotation, «to k-tcedliikj.po-ltry- 
raiaiiig..lairyint;.et. Also Horticulture unicr I'ruf. 
Bulley, of Cornell University, an 1 Acrlculturitl 


BactwIciloKjr under Prof, t'onn. of Wesleyan. 
h'ull < ominorclul, .Normal anri Academic <1< 

partmenu. Ti-ltifn nominal. Tr»t t>ook^ free to ou. 
Students, Catiloijueand iidrtl'uUrs free. Write to-day, 

JPept H, Sprlngneld, Han. 


No Smoke UoTia«. Rmoko meat with 

Made from hirkory wood. r.i»M delicioo* flaror. 

l/b»«per. cle«n«T tlian old way, 8pDd fur eilw 
coUr. B. KraMcr Oi Br:, Allltoa, Fiu 




< TKI-'.I) while you work. 
You pHV ft when cared. 
No cure, no pay, 
A LEX. BPEIIM . Bos SSH. Ucatkrook. X«la«. 

RODH for locating icold and silver, lost 
trea,sure, etc. The only r.jd aold under 
Kuurantee. i'ntaloKue Ic, Addresa. Bryant 
BroB,. P. O. Box 121. 42 Dalla.4, Texas. 

Brif ht at tht Morning, 

Mcbt the clearest, stc-ailleirt, utronsrest, with I 

oevera thought of its belnir blowa 

out when you carry • 

Dietz Blizzard Cold 
Blast Lantern. 

I n's tha iMMra lte« mtm- tniokea, soot* o* I 
Bicker*. DIala makaa many ttylea for maay 
purpuaea. Whan yon aeo the nam* Dietl 
raat awarM yon bava the baat. ' 


■vB^ ■ Mm ar« safe lanterns.! 

Don't forget to look for thct name when yoa \ 
fo to buT. If your dealershnutdn't have Itha 
I Will get It. Write tor tree 1 II ustriited catAl 

R* E* DIetz Company, 

85 LalcM ■(.« H«w Tark. 

E»tabUtlk«d um. 

Men and Women Wanted i:.'*„V.rnr,r.";,i''5Si;?'^K-v 

to ability and 

Sis wprklt and upward, accordlnc 
K. B. Co.. box 7»«. New York! 

$45 ^liSS'^ S2t,7B 

with rei^rrotr and high clonet. Oremt Foandrr 8«la 

^ p slop ranire for cxamlnatioO|— ■^^— *•»—•» 

without a cent In advance. If 
you like It pay K1.76 an 
ireight and take ranira for 

30 Daym 
. rR££ Trial, 

If not aatif<ra(>- 
toiy we airT»>e to 
money. ToI- 
Ban Ranjres are 
nade of beat 
wroofrht iteeL 
Oven I7H « 21 In. 
•Ix 8 in. holea. 
Best bakers and 
foaaters on earth. 
Bum anythlnr- 
Aabe^tos Hoed fluea. 

Will saTe their cost In fQel 

In One Tear. Write today 

Cor our new Cataloirua. ._.__.___^____.__^ 

_^^acri>80« A. tolmaW (toMPAirr. 


■ il 









The Practical Karmer 

January J 7, 1903. 

Our Experience PooL 

'•Experieno*' ih the bt-Ht teacher." ThlH Kxpt-rli-nce 
Pool will U- u weekly Kariripr'.H Iimtltliitc for the fx- 
i-bauKe of practical uWhh hy pructicul furuierH. We 
wmil them to tjlve their experit'iire, an well hh HUKgPHt 
toplcH for future (II^HruHHion. We puMlsh this ilepnrt- 
nient HO thut ull luiiy have ttie lienetit of the tuiiKihle, 
practical experieiii:e of others on every *iil)Ject |)er- 
talnliiK to the furiii. I^-t all cuiitrihiite. A ciisli prize 
of M) eeiilH will (»e paid for the l>e»t cohtrildilioii, 'J.") 
cents for eucli other contrihiitioii piihlisheil. Tlie only 
onUitlon Is that you are a yearly suhscrilHT to the 
pniHT. Write on one siile of pa|)er only. On upper 
left ban<l c-orner inarlc plainly the nunilier of the toi)ic 
you write uUiut. Articles on ull topii-s must be in our 
bands at least tliree weelcs before publication. J^o not 
forget to 8iii{i{est ahead topics for discussion. Ad<lress 
all coiumunicutions to 'I'Jih. KurruK. Box as-j, Ilalelgh 
N, C. 

mab's make flno broilers and capons, and the! 
jdillcts arc asionisliiiit; layci-s <ii jaritc brown 

Topic No. .'■i.'.", Jan. '.M.—F»r IauIUh Onlu- — 
'/'(// iiH Uoir )i/ii :>iirf(t(J With Winildtr 
J'hiiils ill Wiiilif. What You Urow and 
How You Titat I him. 

Tujilc So. ."t.'.X. Feb. 7. — AVhiit Suit of a 
Jtiooilir ilo Voit Lhi' fur Incubator VliUkHt 

T<)|)1<- N».. .-.r.'.t. Feb. \A.-lloic .Xrr I'aiinira' 
tiixlittitiK Moiiiiiiiil ill Yuiir Siilioii, unit in 
What III/// ilii Villi Think Thin <an bi- 
Imiironii ami J/,/,/, j/o/ c llilpful to the 
Furiiii iM .* 

Topic .No. .".<;(». Feb. 
fur till- i'liiiitiiiii 
lliirr ynii I iiiiinl 
Mumiijr thv (roil 

Topic- No. r»<il, Feb. 

-1 . — (Irouini; Tomatorn 
I'lirtorii. What Vuriity mill lloir do You 
from Start to Finish f 

I'S.- //flic You Ailoiitrd 
Ann Siistimatir .UvlhoiJ of Imjirorini/ Your 
Si III fornf If hu, Hutc and With What 


Topic No. :,\\^. Marcb 1. Ilarr You ItalHid 
Without Milkr If no. lluwt 

.March ^A.-- What yarirtivs 
You Found Most I'rufllablr, 

Uuud Culri„ 

Topic No. ',W.t. 
of Pfurs Han 

and I loir 



ilii Yon Ciiltiratr and I'uck fur 
liar I Otrurj Trcca ISctn I'rofit- 


icNo. 555. What is the Most Prof- 
itable Breed of Chickens for the 
General Farmer? 

J. C I)lcklns(>n. Keniock. O. — Wife and 1 
went to lioiisekccplnj; a little over tbirteen 
years ajjo wlih twelve bcn.s and two roosters. 
I liey w-ie a nil.xtiir.' of seveial bleeds, for 
Ibere were red. while, black, blue and speck- 
ed. I'.ui for eKi; production, we have never 
Icat those nmnKicls but ome. and that was 
when we bad iiilsed i|iiltc a biincb of .S. c. 
i-eKli"iiis. We hav<- two henhoiises. and 
keep Lejihoiiis iti one and \\. I*. 
the other. Wf Ihouk'lil the [.e^;- 
prodiico more eKi,'s In Winter 
: whl(h they did one Win- 
not very cohl, but the next 

lars. 'Ihey are 
class layers and 
rKKS are Hi-neriil 
better than those 
the cockerels are 
branch of poultry 


aimed to 
Kr.cks In 
lii)itis Would 
ib,in the I', !{.., k 
"TTr.^wiu'n It was 
Winter bein^ intich colder and their house 
Hot beliiK suilidenilv waiin, althoiitrh lined 
with hulldinj,' paper, their combs froze and 
they did not do as well as the It. I'. K.Kks. 
Iiiey are t> o small lor a prolitabj.' market 
fowl, so we tliscarded them. .Now we have 
well bred It. I'. Uocks. which are fair layers 
and a uood market fowl from one and a half 
to el>{ht pounds. They are a nice color jjood 
lorm. and when fat. will brinj? from 1 to U 
cents per pound more than a bunch of all 
kinds. With the i,.ed. caiv and attention 
usually nivcii by the farmer, we think that 
they are all ri^'ht lint if yon dont like 
them, select some other illstinct breed and 
Koop but one and you will ilud uiouey in 
Jonr pocket by having done so. 

II. I». Ilathawnv. Sdpio. <>. — Thp Rpnoral 
farmer needs an nil around breed for market 
table and ejjus. We believe no breed eipials 
the Marred riymonth Uocks In these parthii- 
easlly confined, are first 
exiellent mothers. Their 
ly fertile and will hatch 
if the larger breeds, and 
not excelled for capons, a 
. raislnz that should receive 
.nore attention. I.euhorns lav more eKRs. hut 
the n. P. Rocks will make tlie most profit. 

K. I>. Myers. New t'hester. I'a. -A farmer 
can make a success of almost anv breed If 
he takes a fancy to it. The n«ir and Marred 
I'iymoiith Moi ks. Wyandottes. Mrahmas and 
J.ejfhorns are all pood, and the farmer who 
wants to Improve should write to the Secre- 
tary of Agriculture and gel Farmers' Mnlle- 
tlnn r.l and Ul and read them carefully. 

S. A. Ilindmnn. Fisher. I'a. — The best 
breed for the farmer Is the one he likes best 
and will Blve the best care to. I tlnd the 
I 'ly mouth Mocks the most profitable, as they 
aie easily lonllned and vet Rood foragers 
tpiick growth, good size and good layers lii ! 
Winter when the eggs bring good prices 
The Leghorns are hard to confine and have 
n<it proven better layers than the Mucks. 

t'larence Huffman. Charleston. III. — After 
trying a number of breeds we have come to 
the <on< lusion that the I'lyraouth Mocks are 
the best for the general farmer, and they are 
now the only kind we keep, and nearly all of 
our nelghlmrs are doing the same tlilng. 

W. L. Sims. Newton. Iowa. — We are raising 
the White Leghorns and ( an recommend them. 
<;ood layers, goml foragers and needing little 
care except in Winter. Not so profitable as 
a market fowl, but th<>y make It up In eggs 
as they lay well in Winter when eggs are 
high. If a good sized breed Is wanted, the 
White I'lymouth Rocks will fill the bill. Hut 
for eggs the l.eglioms are better. 

J. I>. S. Carpenter. I.awndale. N. C— There 
are none that will eipial the American breeds 
for all purposes, and I do not think that anv 
of them will exiel the Marred I'lvmonih 
Rocks. They ari- great fora-jers. hardy, good 
Winter layers, snleiidid mothers and will 
bring more money when you sell the old 
nfock. and this Is a point not to be over- 
looked. A pound or more on each ben 
•ell counts on the credit side. 

S. J. Davis. Johnson. Vt. — After tryln 
number of breeds I am of the opinion 
a cross of the Marred I'lymouth Ro< k <ock 
on White Wyandfitte hens, which secures I 
black chickens, with vellow |e.;s and skin ' 
make the best fowls for the farmer. The 


ng a 


cgg.s, and are not always wautiiii; to sit. and 
their small ctimbx adapt them to our cliinate. 

W. W. Ill.knian. Tipton. .Mo. I have tried 
a great nuiiiber of breeds, and out of the 
entire collection I prefer the Silver Laced 
Wyandottes. 'i'liey ai'e good Winter layers, 
good sitters. Kood mothers and gootl hustlers. 
.Mature eai'ly. Iiave small coiul)s and do not 
freeze easily, and hence suit a cold climate. 

Mrs. i:. K. Mapp. Lersljurg, Ind. — After 2(t 
years experience with various l)reeds 1 have 
concluded that the Marred riyinouth Mocks 
are the most iirolitable for the" general I'arni- 
er. They ale as good layers as any I liavt? 
tried, except Legliorns. They are hardy, 
good foratters and always fat and keep fat 
Oh the- Iciist food. Always ready for the 
market and weigh something wlien you get 
I hem there. 

.1. F. Ilorton, F.den. N. Y.— We have two 
houses of I'.utl' Legliorns. two of White Leg- 
iKirns and two of mi.ved fowls. We formerly 
1 bought the mixed fowls <lid as well as the 
pure breeds, but last Winter we ftiiind that 
tile Leghorns were more protitable. The 

Muffs did better than the While, and we now 
considei- tliein the best laying fowls we have. 
Some of the pullets, haiclied In an incubator 
last Spring, began to lay at four months old. 

K. L. (Jilhain, Wanda. Ill, Marred I'ly- 
mouth Mocks are now generally conceded io 
be the best, and there are more of them 
raised than of any other breed. .\nv breed 
properly bred is l)etler tlinn anv other breed 
neglected. Other farm stoik have been bred 
up by careful selection. aii<l fowls are no ex- 
ception. The bull is lialf the herd, and the 
cock Is half tlie Mock. The M. I'. Mo.ks lay 
about six-sevenths as many eggs as the Leg- 
horns, They will give one lift h of the eggs 
in Winter when the price Is high, while the 
Leghorn will produce but oiieseventh in Win- 
ter. The Mocks mature earlier than the large 
iVsiafic birM'ds. lay more eggs and can he 
put on the market earlier. I'or profit 
give me p4'digreed r.arred I'ivmouth Mocks. 

L. i;. Kerr. Hurricane. Ark. — The Marred 
I'lymouth Mocks are doubtless the b4>st breed 
for general purposes. We have changed to 
others ociaslonaiiy, but were always glad to 
get back to the Mocks. The worst change we 
ever made was to Leghorns. We kept them 
one year ami that was enou<;h. We always 
keep an acjoiini witli our poultry, and this 
shows Hint the I'lymouth Mocks an- the best 
breed. Then they are not troublesome about 
getting where they are not wanted and are 

ex<el|ent table fowls. 

I .Mrs. M. II. r.rown. Lewlston, N. Y. — Ply- 

, mouth Mocks are the best fowls for the farth- 

\ er. l)Ut like everything else new blood must be 

I introduced every year to Insure success. They 

I are healthy and stand <«)ld well, thickly 

; feathered, make good mothers with their easy 

j ami (|ulet disposition. They are of fine ap- 

I pearnnce when dressed for market, and the 

I dark cobired eggs sell better. 

I J. S. Wright. Weyer.^ Cave. Va, — The 

Marrert I'lymouth Mocks are the most widely 

known and popular breed In .Xmerb a. They 

are one of tlie hardiest breeds, prolific layers 

when well larcd for and have nice vellow 

legs and skin, inaking them fine table fowls. 

Therefore. I .onsider them the Ix'st breed the 

farmer can raise. 

L. I". KIrkpatrli k. Mooresburg. Tenn. - 
The I'lymouth I;«>cks are inv ( hoi. e. They are 
lair, medium size, good lavers and hence tlie 
practical fowl for the farm, Tliev origi- 
nated In a cross between the Mlack Java and 
the I»onilnliiiie, They are hardy, mature 
early, good sitters and excellent mothers. 
The pullets begin to lay earl v. Tbi-v are eas- 
lly kept in (pi.Trtcrs and are good foragers 
M hen allowed to roam. 

.Mrs, Craie K, Church. Townvllle. I'a.— Out 
of the .S7 siandiird breeils of fowls In this 
country, the I'lymouth Mocks rank first as a 
general purpose fowl. When bred to stand- 
are reipiirements the Marred I'ivmouth Mock 
is certainly a beautiful fowl. Too many pay 
little attention to mating for color, and "many 
of them do noj look as thev should, the hens 
being very dark and the cocks very light. 
They are medium size and for the" farmer 
and poultry market man cannot he surpasserl 
We raise sevi-ral hundred broilers every year 
and could alwavs sell manv more than" we 
h.nve ever yet raised, while we know of some 
who raise the smaller breeds who have hard 
work to dispose of fheir i hickens often being 
'ibliged to keep ihem till late Fall, and then 
get no more for the full grown ones than 
did for the broilers lo to li; weeks old. 

Levi Zelgler. Denton. Md.- The most pro. 
Htable bn>ed for tlie farm Is the White Leg- 
horn. They do not take as much to feed as 
other breeds and make more profit with their 
eggs than any other. We have about Iso 
hens In different pens. The White Leghorns 
are now laying three times as manv eggs as 
any other fowls we have, and we will breed 
these altogether. 

James S. Frost. Lakemont. N. Y.— I think 
the general farmer gets more profit from eggs 
than In any other way. The sale of poultry 
Is a secondary consideration. Then he needs 
a special purpose hen rather than a general 
piir?>ose one. I have found the Leghorns 
better adapted to laying eggs under adverse 
circumstances than any other breed. If 
underfed and having n free range, they win 
get out and rustle for a living, while If over- 
fed their nervous tem|)erament prevents their 
laying <in fat to the extent the heavier breeds 
do. The Mrahmas lay well In S:.rlng. but 
fall late In the season. I have no trouble 
with Leghorns flying over a r,-ror)t fence 
f one wing Is kept .lipped. The White Log- 
horn seems as good as the Mrown. 

AV. R. F.ngllsh. Rome. Ky, — For general 
purposes the I'lymouth Rock is the best breed 
on the farm. Thev are hardv. healthv eas 
lly kept and gr)od hiistb-rs. They range over 
the whole place dally, and are the jilctures of 
health. Never had one with the gapes 
Ihey are good .-tverage lavers and the best of 
mothers, and their meat Is hard to heat on 
the table. When thev want to sit they go at 
it In earnest, and they have a penchant for 
all wanting to lay In the same ue«t wiilch 
makes It bod at sitting time. Once In a 
while one will steal a nest off In the hay loft 
and In due time will come out with a big 
brood of chicks as a Christmas present. 

..•' •■' K^"^- ^'^•"f'f- Wash In this mild 
climate of West'-rn Wasbingion. the Mrown 
Leghura is the best breed for general pur- 


A Watch 
Case IVSears 

at polntof contact with the hand or pocket. 
A solid gold case wears thin and weuk 
and u cheap tilled case wears shabby. 
A Jas. Boss Stiffened Oold Case is 
guaranteed to wear for 25 years. It is 
made df two layers of solid gold with 
alayerof stiffening metal between, all 
welded together in one solid sheet. 
The outside gold will last a tpiarter of 
a century and the stiffening metal *-lll 
keep the case strong us long as you wear 
it. This Is why thoubunda wear the 

Watch Case 

on costly works in preference to a solid gold case. Ask your 
Jeweler to show you a Jas. Moss Caso and look for the 
Keystone trade-mark stamped inside. Send for Booklet. 


poses. the best of rustlers and lavers non- 
silleis. while with some breeds the'hen's will 
be sitting half the time. We aim at egg 
produ.tlon. I'rices now are :{S to 40 cents 
per dozen. A few small fi.xks of the Marred 
1 lyrnoiith Rocks are found, but the majority 
ol the tow Is kept here are Mrown Leghorns. 

^V; '';..!'."'"''JV''"- ^'"™''' I'a.— I have settled 
'.? ","',,""''' ^Vvandotte as the best breed for 
be loiiowing reasons: The- are hardy rais- 
ing !>t» to loo |,er cent, of the hatch. They 
niature early. I do not think there Is aii- 
other bre.-d that will produce a 2-pound 
bro ler (|Tii(ker than the Wyandotte They 
begin laying as early as otiier breeds Leg- 
horns not excepted. They are more compact 
and pliiinii and have more breast meat than 
1 i.ymoiitli Mocks. Thev have yellow legs and 
sliin. and being white the pin feathers do not 
disfigure them. They are good foragers, but 
stan<l <oi)iinement. They are good sitters 
but are easily broken up wiien not wanted to 
hey are very tame and easily handled, 
nearly If not quite as many eggs 
as any other breed. "^ ^ 

A. J. I'addlck, Chaiincey, 111.— Wo think 
the I.arred I'lymouth Mo.ks we have are a 
good strain of layers, and the merits of the 
are .vellow meat, easily cleaned, quick 
mall comb, yellow limbs, large 
brown eggs and best of all. thev are easily 
tenced We tried the Mrown Leghorns 

Ihey lay well but I had as soon set a hawk. 
Ihey were always In mischief, scratching 

l^r'-W^T'.V ^^''' ''*^ » '"''O''^? rooster and 

he picked the e.ves out of one little pig and 

le navel cord from another, and went Into 

I li-o'"'*''.'..^'"''*';,""*^ P''"*""'' »''P poaches when 
I was getting ?1 per bushel for them 


and will lav 


like black 

So he 


had to g(». We do not 
with their dark flesh 

.Mbiirn Morse. fjran%ille Summit. I'a —The 
Leghorn has proved to be the most pn)fltable 
l.ree< I have ever tried. 1 have tried several 
bleeds and now am making the whole flock 
l.rown Leghorns. 

r.. Camerer, R. R. l. Madison, Ind —We 
have settled on the Rose Comb Mrown Leg- 

n;;.?!,-""* 'I"l, '"'''' '^'■""*'- T»"-.v f"ather and 
mature qui. kly. are go.,d f.,ragers and great 
lnse<t destr.)yers and are less subject to dis- 
ease than others. They lay the whole year 
through except when moulting. 

..^^V. '*• '''"*'''"^^- <'arllsle. Ind. —I think 
li." Marred IMym.iuth Rock the most profit- 
able breed for the general farmer. (For the 

.';hw'^/'T-'"'V%I''"* ''"^■•' '••*''" K'^"**" by 
others, -Li). | The past two seas.ins Poultry Su<"- 

'.T'^V'' . V" •'^'".'"•'«- I'>"a. ..ffered prizes for 
the six pullets that prodn.ed the 
eggs during the m.inth of January. The first 

ll.«mouth M.i.k pullets. 

„. ^' '^v ^''a«'- Auburn. Me.— >Vhere eggs 
an.l poultry are b.itli taken Into consideration 
r """*.' Pfo'Hable bred of fowls Is the 
i lymouth Mo.k. My c<j.kere|s <if this breed i 
usually bring $1 at Thanksgiving time, and i 
are In g.iod demand In this market with the i 
l>est families, some preferring a « to H 
• blcken fh a turkey. The pullets 

an.l thrifty .hlckcn on the farm. They will 
s.iatch for their living and begin to lav eggs 
at from four t.) five m.uiths old and will give 
eggs ail the year through. Mut thev should 
be marketed at two vears old. ttne hen 
gives about :{<)(» eggs a year. whi. h sell at an 
average of IS cents a dozen. They are the 
healthiest fowls on the farm. The Wyan- 
dottes and Domlnlques dress best for "the 
table, and are best flavored, and are 
layers and breeders. These grown will 
at any time bring 40 cents ea.h. 

Menjamln Mlngwald. .Madison. Ind. — The 
Barred Plymouth Rocks are the most profit- 
able breed. We started in January, litO'J. 
with 7<J hens and L* r.iosters. and "kept an 
egg rec.ird dally. In January we got 2<»:{ • 
February. .".;!7 : .March, loso; April lO.S.'J • 
.May, K«l ; June. 4;{n ; Julv, 400; ("in Julv 
sold 4.'J hensi August. 2:{7 : September, 2<>r,'; 
October, 2:!7 : N.)vemher. 221. Total In 11 
months. ,-.,-|«2 eggs. Ilat.hed 27:{ chickens 
and sold 07. Have on hand 20 old hens. .">7 
.voting hons and 2 full blood roosters The 
value of the eggs sold and the chickens. In- 
cluding the eggs set. was )!!l(»VO,-». 

L. W. Clelland, Marracksvllle. W. Va — 
I have had experlen.e with manv breeds of 
row s. and In ray opinion the Muff Plymouth 
Mo.ks stand at the head, unapproa.iied by 
an.v breed from foreign lands. Those who 
looked on them at first as an experiment are 
now sofisfied that their future Is assured 
Ihey are healthy, vigorous and plump if 
given half a .liance. They are alwavs 
ready for the market, whether as broilers 
friers or roasters. Have .lean vellow legs 
and skin and no white or bla.k pin feathers 
Their meat Is juicy, rl. h and tend.-r. and as to 
eggs they sp.>ak for them.selv..s with yearly 
rei-.irds of 22.% eggs to the hen. Are f.">nd o'f 
being petted and handled and are good sit- 
ters and raother.s, and a» to beauty, there 
are none prettier. 

Frank Hathaway. Ablngton, Mass —White 
\Vvand.ittes and Marred I'|ym.)Uth R.xks are 
the tw.i most pr.tfiiable breeds for the gen- 
eral farmer. The W.vandotles are smaller 
.•aters. but as egg producers the advantage 
Is slightly on the side of the Plymouth 
Mo.ks. \y have sold Wyandotle r.M.sters 
hatched in April for .51 in November. The 
. h cks of b<ith breeds are hardv and gr.)w 
•lul.kly. We have alwavs tried t.. 
brown egged strain of each, 
best, and we never set 

get a 

as the.y sell 

hut brown eggs. 



There Is nothing, as usual, for the editor 
to say when the chl.ken folks turn out in \\e that the I'lymouth R...ks 
ba\e It by a large majority. One friend asks 
after mature d.-liberatloti. we do 
that the we used some time 
In regard to the poultry business, cali- 
■piddllng w.>rk" was welng 


ing at r, months 

begin lay. 

. „„„ , , and are as hardy as any 

breed we know. I assume that the farmer Is 
g.ilng t.. give them reasonable .are and proper 
f.iod f.,r .Mherwlse there Is n.> profit in any 
breed. The Ro.ks will stand a reas.VnnbVe 
arjiotint of negb-ct as well as any breed and 
will pay for extra care. I have noti.ed that 

IT u'^r."'"'""'. '"'■'"'•'"*' ''ave some specialty to 
whi.h they give their best att.'ntlon. and" the 
general part of their farming Is done 
loss. Ihey sh.iuld give attention 
whi.h pays them b«'st and 

F. F Franfz. Wehr. Pa— After an experl- 
en.e ..f oy,.r 1., y.-ars I have f.uind the Ply. 
ri"«. I ■"'".■'* "."'' '»••"« n Leghorn the m.)st 

,,'r n" 'r. '"■''"*'"• ' •'"^■•^ •*"•" '""h breeds 
(luring these years, and have made 

us If 
Ing It 

that so many people are making a sTiVcess 
It. and ever so many millions of dollars 
the earnings of the .hl.kens. Well In the 
aggregate, the p.)ultry produ.ts do sh.)w up 
quite large and so also di th.- returns from 
w.irk that w..uld l)e called •piddling- 
not the slightest ol)|e.tlon t.. anv 

We hnv( 

at a 
to that 
losses short. 

and p.Miltry at all seas.ins .)f the year 
must have c.imfortable quarters 
exercise and fo.»d. 


plenty of 

Summer. ' ami 

John Marrett Col. X Roads. Pa— I am a boy 
H. .v.-ars old. I have tried but two bre.-ds .if 
. hl.kens the P.uff Legh.irns and the Marred 
Plymouth R.).ks. The Plymouth Rocks are 
the har.llest and lay the best. I s.ild over 
.!> .lozen eggs from T, hens last 
h rom my r> hens 1 sold eggs a.-.ordlng 
t.i numbers than papa did from his 2.'. Mrown 
Leghorns. I think the Marred I'ivmouth 
R.icks are the best breed for the fanner. 

J M. niover Oaksprlng. N. C.— Mr.iwn 
Leghorns nn.l Indian <:ames crossed, are 
my long experlen.e. the b.-st hr.>eds. If ,.rr|ff« 
are desired while I prefer Wyand.ift.'S a-id 
American D.imlnlques for the market The 
cross mentioned makes the most Industrious 

one making a business of poultry and makirig 
a sii.'.-ess of if. Mut In ..ur ..b"servatlon tlie 
poultry business as a sne.laltv has sunk 
m.ire m.mey f<ir Its enthusiasts ilian anv otiwr 
spe.lalty .onncted with farming. As"a side 
Issue In the w.irk of the farm the keeping of 
potiltry .'an !•.■ ma.Ie („ add s.-nsl- 

UlLJi? k"^" '"'■'" '"',"""•• an.l to a limited 
extent be a sour.e <if pr.ifit. We r.'a.l .x-.a- 
sionally w.)nderful a.'.<iunts of gri>at p.uiltrv 
ranches, and possibly of them are a 
su.-cess. Mut we have .ibserve.I that the 
young men wh.. figure .uii on paper the 
gr.>at pr.)fits t.i be made In pouin-y ns an 
exclusive business, have iisiiallv f.nind. after 
a little exp.'rlen.e In k.>eplng poultry on f.>od 
bought in the market, that th.- profit Is main- 
with th.' m.'ii who .s..ld the feed and thev 
generally- quit with more experlen.e than 
cash. There are d.uibtiess exi>erienced men 
wh.i hav.' the kna.k and the .apltal to go 
Into p.iultry on a large s.aie and make it 
pay. but. as a rule. It Is the farm.-r with wl.l.. 
range and .heap f.-ed. wh.i .an profii- 
ttbly keep hens as a part ..f the live sto.k .in 
the farm, and keep them as as he would 
any other st.i.k. And to the ..xtent that su.h 
men .an handle the poultry It may b.> ma.l.' 
HWuVl; ,^7'-'"»»'"l'*««. ♦»'!« "'lllor Is „erfe.tly 
willing that' .me else shall undertak. 
care .if the fowls. He v.,)es r.,r the breed 
Is too lazy to g.i .iv.'r the big to get tbr.iugh. 


garden fen.e 


ThU Win Inlrreat Mmny. 

^ Parkhiirst. the Most.m publisher, savs 
If any one afflicted with rheumatism "in 
any form, or neuralgia, will send their address 
to him at 804-28 Winthrop Ridg . Moston 
Mass.. he will direct them l.> a perfe.'t cure' 
He has nothing to sell or give : onlT tell tou 

rriTLf*i?'"^'""J"*''l ■'""•■ •'"'"'■'' o' search for 
relief. Hundreds have tested It with succsss. 



January 17, 1903. 

The Practical Karmer 

Our Barter Column. 

Advertisements will be received for this column 
from our yearly aubscribera only. Only advertlse- 
nienti of farms for sale, articles for exchange, help 
wanted, positions wanted, etc., will be received. 
Charge I cent per word for each Insertion. No ad- 
vertisements of less than '25 words or more than 10 
agate lines will be admitted to the column. This col- 
umn will appear each alternate week. 

SarNpeclMl Notice. The farms advertised In 
this column must be the farm of the advertiser, and 
not placed in bis hands by another person for sale or 
exchange. • No advertisements from Real Estate 
Agents will be accepte.1 for this column; they must go 
In our resular advertising columns at regular rates. 



reed 'Weeder for sale cheap. Land too stony to h ere. C. H. Co llins, Bristol, N. H. 

X'^ancy pe.llgreed ScotoiFc'^llle pups to exchange 
-■ for other stock of equal value. C. H. Bennktt, 
Ooodman, Va, 

One Ko.).i 2-year-oId registered Dorset' iforTTRaiiL 
A B.iod individual to exchange for other stoclc. 
Address, Frkd Patton, Charleston, 111. 

80 Aer«a for sale," I.ake'C'o.Tcal, Adapted to 
alfalfa, grain, etc. Fine orcbani; buildings: all 
fenced; 2 miles from town. A. C. Whkkleh, UpDer 
Lake, Cal. 

QaleorOirers. HtjIsteltTbull, year old, daiiTsTred 
k.7» by Ohio Experiment Stati.m hull: young calves. 
Clark s Cutaway harrow wanted. H. N. M lsskr, R. 5. 
Wooster, Ohio. 

ForSale Furni of 12i5 acres, S^mnes south of 
Newark, Licking Co., Ohio. House and out bulld- 
OMn iflT'-vi^ -'**"'' "'^'*' ^'^ ^""•'aACK, Thorn vine. 

I^oaltloa W»Bted7nrvirglnla^br"Nortir(-arolTna 
A. preferre.1, by honest y.mng man, as farm hand. 
Plenty of experience. Address, J. Phillips, 
Laneuster, Fairfield Co., Ohio. 

X^urmeir IV^anted. Before April, to work few 
J- acres and I.e generally useful In busineHs way. 
Must be thorough and handy: fiH per month and 
boar.l; chance toailvance. I. ^.Wklls, Nanuet, N.Y. 

Wanted-a tiand to work ondalrv farm that uii- 
deiBUnds and can do all kinds of farm work- 
wages, }20 per month and board; must have koo.1 ref- 
erence. Address, Z.VV. Brk.vner. Box 167. Bryan, O. 
" { \ OlveMea Home In the Month." I can't 
V7 give y..u one. but I can sell you an 80 acre 
farm reasonably In the land of the big re.1 apple If 
Interested address, S. R. Ahukns, Rural Route No 2 
Kayetteville. A.'k. ' 

Wanted. An experienced man to rent farm of 
alwut 2«iu acres, on RIngamon Creek, near 
tirungevllle; cosh or shares. Oo.>d market for all pr.i- 
diiots; good neighbors, school and churches. R E 
Maso.v, Fairmont, W. Va. 

rphorouKhkred Barred Rock and White Tighorn 
1. cockerels un.l new barrel churn, to exchange for 
gllt-e<lue pullets, or Mammoth Pekin Ducks, .ir Buff 
Cochin Buntarns.or Beliflan Hares, or offers. Oico R 
Pboct.>r. Peoria. III., Station No. 4. 

Havlnic retired fromThe miTlIng buiTness.Th'ave 
for sale fee-l, l)one phosphRte. shell uiid paint 
lullls; grind fine and have Immense capacity; sultalile 
tor farmers. Also a few cobcrusbers, beltliiK etc 
Send fordecription. J F.Kl-nsman. Lower Haucon, Pa! 

Wanted. Position on dairy farm, by practical 
u|.-to..l«temun. Age, 28; raarrle.!. First .-lass 
butter maker, thor.iu((hly .lulrving and 
private creamery. Capable manaKer, but wlil start In 
any salaried position, or run furnished farm .»n share.s 
Terry man. Ix>ck Box 37. Jamenowg. Penna. 

Wanted-by a reliable, sober marM wifeand cblldT 
experienced in Western, Koutbern an.l Eastern 
l'""i"J'. f IV' ^^''^rul fiirming, position as farm manager 
In Middle .South, Maryland or Virginia prefered; or 
farm on shares. (Jood position In other sections coii- 
slderetl. W. L 1.W2 North Ave., Bridgeport. Corin. 
"C^arm for Hale. In Wesrern Tennessee, IM acres- 
-■- 1.0 cleaied. balance In timber; between 40 and .'A) 
acres bottom luiid, new bouse, good well of water at 
bouse line sprliig on farm for stock; healthy country; 
J.ilnH U N. R B.,on public road. :i miles from grKid 
niarket, to schools an.l churches: ilouo cash 
J. A. J0HNST.1S. Ansonville, Pa. 

1 4-*) ^.'"^. *'••""» f""" "a'e- "TO'acres'rich mea- 
,*^*-' dow land; H.5 acres second bottom river 
land In good state ol cultivation; 14 acre* in hardwoo.1 

■ '"«•''■; /"'■'" '" """'^'^ ''"•'• f™™ •tone*: "n tnamime 
H. R. at depot. 8niiill -J-story house; large barn; large 
.voung orchar.1. Well of s.ift watsr, sprlngi ami 
streams on farm. On public road, 4\i ro lef fr"m 
c.,unty seat. Churches. sch.K>ls an.l excellen markwi 

roiii','"c.;;?r.!ici::'va.*-^^" ^- «• ^"^-- ^^^ 



o'jR rurr nioiA/iNc w/mrutiL 

"'^ Tfoi; HOW TO no IT itsn (op n 
<<» >PRIN«,KIF| n - f)H|(» 


\ff I oils bow to grow aevea tons of sorgbnm bay 

per acre. ChapterH .^n Soybean, cow pes. best 

and strawberry rultnre. All about cement laying. 

lllimfratPd plan of bog hoii«». Price list free 

^Addresa WAI.AO *■. BKOIVS, Oxford* O. 




There 19 absolutely no wear in any of tho other ingre- 
aijnts of winch they are composed. Every time the 
quality of Rubber Boots and Shoes is reduced 10 per cent., 
thedurabihty is reduced over 20 percent, because there is 
onlv one way to cheapen them, and that is to leave out 
Rubber and put in its place other things that have no 
wearing quality whatever. This cheapening process has 
been steadily going on for the past 40 years. 




are ina4l4> of r«>Hl riil>b<-r— and oii«* pair of (hem 
» III oiilH ear I wo nuirtt of the HtantlarU lirNl icradeM 
now on (he niarket. Try a pair and bo convinced 
„ ^^.",1 ^y'^'5 ^''°*''' O""^"^ '■'^11''^ edge Overs for Socks, 
and I-e t Boots and in Arctics and light rubber shoes 
Insist on getting the Ul ('KSKI\ UUAM). .\one gen- 
uine without the word BlfKSKIN on the top front of 
the legs of the hoots and the bottoms of the shoes 
If your dealer does not keep them write us and we wiU 
see that you get them either through some ""'""- 
dealer in your town or from us direct. We will 
also send vou a very interesting catalogue 
profu.sely illustrated, which describes the mak- 
ing of Rubber Boots and Shoes from the gath- 
ering of tho rubber to the finished goods. 


60 Bridge Street, LAMBERTVILLE, N.J. 




A n actoat test jf a S-lnoh 

strip rut rr<«* wmboIc of 
the liurkfil.ln Noot. Note 
ttie ilaslleliy andBtrenwh 

Oolv the tiegt 
will atan.l a tpit like this. 

Weight of boy audswiug 
110 lbs. ^ 


Fat*Dt Vour 

Royal E. Burnham, Attorney■a^ and Solicitor of Patents, 823 

liutid I5ulldll,^, Washington, Ij.C. 
Hooklet on patents sent free. 

Imprutrmruti aa4 M.k, HoDejr Out of Tli«m. 


by clearing that stumpy plere 
of U11.I. TIIK illlHCt'l.KS 

_^^__JStunip Huller pulls any Jtuiiip. 
„ _ ^- ^^-I?*'- -SavCT tlnir, Uhor and monrv. 

Cstsiog FREE. HhcuIu Iff. Co., Dtpt,25 , Ciittnlllt, la. 


Feed Caiile TMa Wtnier? 

Th.Ej I.e »i,re and buy kn Onload 

Ktandurd Hcale and know what 

juu luaki'. ho ill pay you. Os. 

irood** Areaiiiiplj couilrucled 

■if beat maierikl. Nu rtpalra. 

Mdaya trial. Fully gutriutced. 

Priuea uod trrma rruonable. Kre« 

Hnlrlo., l:!;Cratr»l8t. BlarhaalaB, N.T. 

Carriages and Harness. 

.,. l'!^'^.VJ' '■'"'■•'' "'•'<>«»» '"<>"« eomplets line. Send for It, 
ELKHAKT TAKRIAGK it HAR.N'EHH 3IFU. 10., Elklmrl, lad. 


logue of^ — . __llprlco8 

Th* Ulunbu* Carriage A Uarnewtu., Boa JJH, tolumbu., tthlo. 




Pipe, Machinery and Building 
Supplies in General. 



The Agricult ural Drain Tile"At'B')(rfn''.V:,''-ftW.'i!? 

/k ' 'oJvl! ji^5WM^°"8'' equipment and .uperior clay wl.f ■:;:..!,':"^.'T.feM'^iV.fri..!&T. 

\^yjjtmia^S^mKkUUBSf.''''""'i^J,"*"'- "«^«^"<> >-lr» Brl.-k, .Hen TIU- uiid Sunnlv .Mortar Col.>ra 
^^*^^^™™— ^y Cement . Plaster, Llnu-, etc. Write for what youwant. 4» Third Av«. 

A Perfect Weeder 

In all soils, under all con.litiona. Th« ati lm,^^,.♦„.,* #. ^^-.^ 

nf ?1 ?? < ' " *'i <=«'"J't'o°8- The all Important feature of flexibtUty 

of teeth is near perfection in the YORK IMPROVED 

Made of square spring steel with ro"" polntTrndsPt sS5^' 
gered In Htron^but flexible anifleateel frame. '^Wld?' fie.r^nV^ .fo 

handlCB and shafts. Write for free desnriptlre circular ^"J"*"'"' 

Spangler Manufacturing Co., 507 Qumb tirtit. Tort, Pa 


Wehan^le all iUndard makes of (arm Implements. Get our price, on wlTiyou wut 

-A.W 8TSA*UBr*A^??"i"*'?.l®*'^®«*' 'Philadelphia. Pa. 
,^lJll8IgAUB CO., Canal and Wandolph Streets. Chicago, 


"^^•r^yirmm mere monrr made by Farm- 
er, and Uardenera In 19& than In any pre- 

HUtes. 1003 will equal If not excel It. 
1-1.- ^ -. .*^000 SEED IS 8CARCE-Buy Early. 

Hliall Wo stnd you a copy 7 It la free. "»"iger» c>er onereu. 

SPARKS' EARUANA TOMATO *'*""o <'0'"T>emion in the extra eany clasB.- 
Bolld fruit, lias rnn,l.« more Ilar.I C-«hVoV^?,r?'y.P'"**"''V,'" "^ '"''«'»' *'°*'' ■mooth. 
Introduced by any ^e.^d?,Zn Vkt2^-ol «',7o;;"''""»''" '^»n anything ever befor; 

JOHNSON A STOKES. 2 I 7-21 9 Warket St.. PHI.^h^...,,.. p.. 


■>.....■». '";>l"''-*'"'<-'it <'l the hurv.Kt ll,.l,l. 
Poerlng llnrveKlfr Co., tbtvnuu, V 

H. A. 

on 3ii dp.ys Free 
Triul. Send for 

Ohio C«r..|»,e Wf^Co., 8ta. 37?CuSaTo. 

f 1 LwlwLw Machines 

OverTOslzefl and wyleR, for drilllnR cither deep or 
Bhallow weM» in any kinrt of hoII or rock. Mounted 
on wheels or on Billrt. With engiius or horse (>owers. 
htrooK, simple an.l durable. Any mechanic can 
operate them eaally, Hend for cataloK. 

WlLHAi>ia BROS.. Ithaca. If. Y. 


Bteer. Dull, or ITorse hi.le, or any kind of hide 
or skin, and let us tan it with the hair on, soft, 
liifht, odorless, for robe, ruff, coutor gloves. 

liut first Ket our C'ataloirue, (?ivlnjf prices, and 

our shlppind- tajfs and iiwtructions, so as to 

avoid mistakes. Wo buy raw furs and ginseng. 


116 iVllll Street, Rochester, N.Y. 



Gejrden Calendar 


A revelation to all seed 
planters. Nothing bo 
complete, practical and 

belprul.ever before lit- « 

sui'd; JW pa^efl of the most 

valuulile Informiitlon aliout 

FliiwMr StH-ds, piunta. \<-^i'- 

tahleSee.lM; richly and fully lllun- 

trated; four oolore.l platea, FREE 

to all applicanUwho mention this paper 

714 Chcstnat St., PbUadelphla, 1 


(and \l<* p'XuilMlitlMi no.Ur th« i^ii*g« 
ii\B(*rn— ^iing lh#- th^-M.e of 

!* offn* I'ntr.r. ly of \^ i«,on«iii. H. \ ^^..1 ..,1, 1 u|, ■«•!• 
ly l.c.un.i int.>. T<)luni..of ■:M i>w'. lleni! r«. .•« fuilinfono- 
•11 m from planlinc t" f.^4ln(lhr rrvn, and iiu' uJn irorkliic 
il>Uiu %ti\ •|»rif!r«U'.ni fur tmil'llnic nllill<«, Aiao .inbrMM 
I -Sits te Crops. Il-Sllos. 

Illl-Snacc. IV^Fcedin|ofSns|t. 

V— Coapartson of SItate and other Ftcds. 
f* VI— The Silo la M.,<leni Agriculture, 
And^'lon. .rl compIrM pluu for f«uid ud 

i-t*n,{al«r ttifM, dilry 

tabin of com- 


3 T0 13 1-2 ran. 




To be returned at my expense if not satisfactory. 
The best pulverizer— cheapest Riding Har- 
-- row on earth. We also make walk- 
ing Acmes. The Acme 

crushes, cuts, pulverizes, 

turns and levels all 

soils for all pur- 

^^^^gm. po'^es. Made en- 

^^^^J tirelyof caststetl 

-' and wrought iron 


pouode.l ration., etc. HI alifli4 for 10a. 
e«ln or .tninpa. 


Salem, Ohio. 

Seeds Lead 

in vigor, yield, earliness 
and quality. Better can- 
not be had. Prices very j 
low. We can save you 
money. Northern Grown 
always the BEST. Our I 
handsome 100-page catalog! 
of Garden, Field and Flower] 
Seeds mailed free on request. 

larry N. Hammond Seed C«., Ltd.! 

■ox 47. 

■ «r CITY. MICH. 




The PRAC-ricAL Karmer 






All other IrailfH have rfNorifil to •shdrt ( iits*." To 
Ik- HU.cesMfiii fnriiHix iii.iwt resort to theni. too. In 
thiH cohiiiiri we will puhlwh all a<tiiailal.<ir nhvImk 
Hhort <iit!< Mia.le hy the (ariiier on the (Hriii atiil the 
hou«-w lie In the home. Write and tell ijh cI any lahor 
mivlriK tool yuu have iiia<le, o» any iiiethoil of iiianaKo- 
inent or uiuiiner of UHinif liiJiileinentH tu xave tluie. 
Itttxjr ami money, or IncreaHe their eflKlency. Kven 
the Miiiallest thlnn.s may Ije uwf ul and vulnuhle. 1 1 jnts 
• ml hel|i>' In the househoM are uhvayn welcome. A 
<-aHh prize of .•>u cenUs for the U'ht lontrihution, ami -i". 
cents for each other contrlhutlon luililmhed, will In- 
paid to I'. K. yearly suhwritjeru. Write on poHtal (.anlB 
and make artkleM short. All errors will l>e corrected 
hy the editor. Address all commiinlt-atlous under this 
lieml to T. Urelner, Im 8alle, N. Y. 

IliiUK.v TliillN Holder. — To hold the 
Ijiikk.v thills up (.III of i|„. way when in the 
curilUK*' house. Hike a sirip „r hoaid I iinli 
liy 1' inches, iiriil make a .si|uai-e mne side 

hellijf ;! feel loll),', the other 1' feeli. .Null U 
111 til- brace on each side or put on one iron 
hnice Kaise the thills as liitfh us iliev will 
K". slip ihe Ioiih; end <,( sijuare under the 
nox iinill the short pieci- rests a«aiust the 
«ross liai' on ihills. This will hold them and 
they lannoi >,'ei knocked dnwii or damaged 
In cheap. IIkIiI and <i»iivenlenl. 

Ih hull/ ./mil li'iii, .\. J . II. \. riiWKi.i,. 

Kouiioinicfil K«M'«I TroiiKli for IIokn. 

— Kor feeding soaked corn or siiullur feed 
make n iiouvih <,( such leiiKili as vour needs 
require, and in ^hape as sugnesied "hv the end 

<an inako pretty iienwlpiM-s for their rrl(>nd.s 

h.v iiiiiiiiK the hrltfii! <-.dored roses, lilies, 
{•l<-.. Iioni se4d hooks. Cut a piece of card- 
hoard Ihe saini- size, place lielween tliem 
sevcial leaves of tissue paper, or pieces of 

Woisled or silk. 'lie wllll J or .'t iiliyllt colors 

"I I!. It. rililion |,y piiiichinj; a inde in the 
''•'if'' '"• •^'•'iii- 1J.V( iii;i, Ai:.MiT.\«ii;. 

Jliliiium K.s, O. 


Ih'od ;.'ale I 
follows : On 
heavy post 
liiaied well. 

Iiored a hoi 

ever saw. 

each side 
I hey are 
.Near I hi 

nei;:hlior lias the Ijest 
1 1 is made ahout us 

of Ihe dllch is set a 
set ipiile deep and 
lop of .'acji post is 

A cw in illustration. Make i„p pan too 
lilKii lor h.,Ks to K<-t into, with an openini; 
a hoiiom. and it makes a s.df feeder and 

also keeps the hogs off of their f I 

J'liiMoti)!, hail. (\ i» I,VM,. 

T« K,.e|. ShofN TIfil — I re.ently saw 
8ome.hln>;. whi.h. in these .lavs of la "-d 
slioes. seemed worih renieinheriiit; and i.ass 
lUK on. Heiore pulling the laces in the sh.ies 
rub them w_iih Lees wa.\ and thev will not 
come „„ |,.a. This is ,,uite an item in a 
lamily where there ar.- several pairH of chil 

drens shoes to be kepU lied 

' "'"• "• Mi's. J. A. Mil\Kni..\siK 

l.adiea* OverMhuen for Mnovv anti Ice. 

-Mt paper snugly over the shoe to he worn 
and cut pattern us mu<h hlijlier than th.'- 

«llk thread, using a .separate, soft. warn. 

h''.. ^"''' '" ." "" '"- ^'"•" nnd .sew 
tritn around with fur if voii have It fasten 
iiK w U. hooks and suhsian.iul loops • , 

The H.deH from cast off sandals, cut off up the 
Kide onehalf n.h or so. lit these on'^l^l 
and snug, and sew se.urelv at upper ed " 
aud you will have shoes tiiat look at.d f." i 
BH coinfprtable as any in the market If ir ,< d 

rnV's^'V '"'^, ". "-J "".y will iJIt' r 

J.ars. to he slipped on for very cold weath.-r 

,hL*""T. "■"•' '"•• ""•' '">•' *■'" ""t need I ; 
change their warm house shoes before g.dn' 
o chur.h. A lighter shoe mav Ih- made f 7 
house wear, omiiiing the rubber s.' I "s and 
maTi '""»' •I'n'f"'-''"''- and S •' 
nia> be cut from the b..ys old felt top bo.ds 
Jh„n,,th. h„L s.iKAli A. I'Ltur 

B."rj'r„.!"'',\"'^'V'- ««l»''""r,l or 

Hook ( Hut.. lal;,. f„„ pl,.,.,.^ f , , 

hoard Is high Inside. Saw out smal s ', s 
1 In.h apart, as shown lu cut. Nail oi"e n 
.^ach corner. Nail them so that lie "lei," 
Will face each other at the ends. T en tuLe 

, , , - <" iidnill a i'i.j.i,„.|, pj,„. o„ 

widch the t'aie Is lu hang. The gai- <M,n- 

aliis L' cross pieces of t; inch boards running 

horizonlully. To iheni are nailed (i inch 

hoards perpendicularly, being placed so close 

as lo h.dd liltle pigs. one of ihe cross 

|| Is nailed to the lop of gate aiul one 

in the tiiiddle. In this way rubbish that 

comes swimming al .ng, will not c.nch on the 

gale but will slip oir. The gal.- bangs on 

Ihe lr<Mi pipe by means of j-iiicli iron snaps 

fastened lo [he gate anil over ihe pipe. Will, 

h.od gales it is also found to be a success 

by streiching a strong wire from post lo 

post to keep lliein in place. 

j;itln,l,j,. lu. .\,f. MKI.MI.Utl.T. 

M'liKoii nux. Nearly every farmer hus 
on Ills premises an old wagon bo.\ that has 
lions as good as new. Turn the bo.\ bottom 
side up and put on some kerosene oil a few 

.IT' ".'.'.'.' ""' '""** '■"" '»' n'moved verv 
ea.sily. 11,..,, ^,., ,j„ f,.,,, „f |,„. i,,,,,,,,,,.^ „■ 

ass v<|o(| ix... u feet long: two pine or Ims.s- 
wood boards li,xl4. U feet long, matched 
and planed: x.". and side boards planed on 
both sides. I or end boards take a IxU. H 
leel long and one piece 1'.,.x:i. 1(! feet 
N.r bottom bed pieces. A man that Is handv 
vv h tools can make a box in a day and it 
nail, ihe luml)er will cost .<:.' .".(» and a 
new ho.x will cost $liMt(» to iCio.ou. Make the 
box in Winler und paint at leisure 

f^puxiiuod. I'u. Ja.s. K, Fi.sciilioh. 

ClmpiMMi llnnilN. \ K„od ointtnent for 

chaps or cracks oi, fi„. bands. Is made us 

.ows: lake 1 ounce each of fresh mutton 

lal ow and vaseline and L. ,,,,1 beeswax 

.Melt togerher with genile heat and stir until 
-•'.d. After washing and drying the hands, 
nib ihoroui.'hlv will, ibe olnirnent before go- 
ing to work, nnd auain at night 

< rnfkM on ro»vH' 'IVniM.— Take eoiial 
j.arts of slacked lime and linseed oil and ix 
in a tin cup Uul) on the cows teals after 
mi king. This is very healing and will Jt ri 
a bad case in a siiorl titu" 

InvitsiiU,, Co,,,,. Mit.s. K. S. MuoKK, 

I>Uh of Xoo,ll..,r~l Sift out Ironstone 
cup of flour, add "... teaspoon .salt .i ..l'l's 
don t beat them stir with knife till ahso,i,ed 
kn.-ad with hand lighily I'o minutes III 
1 h n as a ten cent piece, cut In .'! parts, drv 
se or„7;. ,'">■,"»'•'' «" top. ,ut In thin strips, 
sepuiate loo.sely. leave to drv. Next dAv 

wn'.er ,V «''"7","^ ^"Pl-ly of salted hollhig 

uater. stir slightly. Itoil rapldlv lo minutes 

furn";';;;, ^''r '','"'"•"« a^'ikes them "lard: 
I urn Into colander. p,„ir cold water over 
shake, drain, place noodles in baking dish' 
add cupfu grated cheese, cupful sweet creatn 
-lash paprika. Sprinkle stnall bits of hutt^r 

■oh ■""•vvm". I'' •"""""*< '"id brown golden 
"lor. W Ml take the place of meat. 

"'"'"""""• '■"'• K. 11. Kkoiiw 

January 17, 1903. 


fT ins is a dbsease charac- 
^^^^^B I teri/ed iiiflamiua- 

^,,—jr ^H ^1 •'"" "f ""■' I'cspiratory 
(r^^\ ^1 mucous tuetnbranes. \\ 

^^ i« most common in 

«l>ring and fall but 
may occur at any sea- 
son of the year. 

i'ii,isiH. — The causes 
of lalarrhal fever are 
sudden changes of tein- 

— ; ,.peratuip. exposure to 

wet, liihaiaiion oi |ioi.sonous gases, contagion. 
Ihe disease is most freipient when Ihe animal 
sheds its coat in the spring or fall 

SumjtUtiiin. — The animal will ai.pear llst- 
ess Mlih drooping of the ears. Tlie extremi- 
lles are alternately hot and cold, the hair 
will stand on end: <oiigh witli discharge from 
I lie nostrils and redness of mucous membrane 
Of the, and dry month are prominent 
s.ymptoms. The bowels are constipated and 
the urine is scanty and is of high color. In 
some cases Inllammatlon extends to the 
nioncbi or even to the lungs 

i„X''".!(i"""'i, "''m** animal good aurround- 
tigs. allow him all the water he will drink. 
I issoly,. in ilie drinking water a half ounce 
ol salipeiie twice a day for two or three 
davs. ihcn diminish the to half the 
ciiianllly. Keed easily digested, laxative food 
such as bran, oats and grass In season. If 
ihere is much exhaustion give two dram 
•loses of ijiiinine three times a day If the 
appelite IS much impaired dram of 
ilncture of niix vomica wlih half ounce doses 
Ol tincture ol quassie should be given three 

To allay' Irritation of the mucous mem- 

biane und cough, u dratn of muriate of am- 

no.iia w th two drams of solid extract of 

llioilce should be given three or four times 

U'sxxUh '"'""'*""'"» "' "«?am K've ext-ellent 

Along with this treatment the general con- 
d lion of the animal s system .should not be 
inei ooked^ (.,ve that most powerful toni,-. 

,, d , ,, .^.V"'* '■""'• ." '^ '"'"' " ""tritlve 
,.1 . ".'"^■''.T'^'V'' ^'"* ••"'•'•"••t balance of 
u iritlon to all other foods and tones the 
V lal organs and the blood, so the system Is 
ah e to throw off the disease quickly" If the 
aiiinia .should reirulre special atf-entlon or 
P escrmilon. In the package of I»r. Hess* 
Slock looil you will find a little vellow card 
enl lling y,.,i to the free prescrlpti.m and ad 
vice from Or. Hess. 

If the mt'dlcai and veterinary colleges know 
.^nothing belter thaa Ur. Hess" Stock Food 

/.».,"?• '•«'"''•''<'«« ""d «heep. it must be 
;.ood. I),-, Is a graduate of both. .No 
unprofessional manufacturer can equal It 

Sold on written guarantee, hi liK) pound 
sacks .ii.MM.: smaller packages at a sllg/it a* 
vauce. led in a small dose. 

Ijr. Hess- Stock Itook. a standard work 
.•II ' "."y " "•""'•''"led by the profession. 
\lll be sent free If vou state what stock voii 
ba\e what stock food you have used and 

.'"rk'''"vsiVi'ti;d,^"(Vh[o. ^•^'^'•^''" ^'^- "-« * 


If you suffer from Epilepsy, Fits, FalUne Sick- 
ness, St yitus's Dance, or Vertigo, havcchlldpen, 
relatives, friends or neighbors that do so, or know 
people that are afflicted, my New Treatment will 
immediately relieve and PERMANENTLY CURB 
«hem, and all you are asked to do is to send for 
my FREE TREATMENT and try It. It has 
CURED thousands where everything else failed, 
will be sent in plain package absolutely free, 
express prepaid, l^y Illustrated Book, " Epilepsy 
explalnsd," FREE by miiL Please give name, 
AGE and full address. All correspondeaco 
professionally confldentiaL 

W. H. MATf M« D«) 
04 Pine Street, Hew York Olttk 


Addres s.OemiBer Ebb. A Mfg. C-o..Marloii.Ind 

SAMSON S.W *"■.'"•• ****** wind Mill*. 

wVi, , . 5*''' ""*''"■ * "'"»' positive Buarantie 
T^hi Jy """^iil'^ niustruted CtalOKUe FUKK 
The S tover Mffc. Co., 562 Klver at., Kreeport, 111! 

Nfw Holland Mills ^''' "" ^"''^ '""' ^^• 

S*^"y "■"""■"'•• turn If not KHtlHded. 
. *»•» 11*. New nolland. Pa. 

Free Rupture Cure 

AdiiJi!l''N'""v'* *"■.'*? ♦"■«'■ W H. KIce, 1501 .Main St., 
Adamg, N v.. Olid he will griid tree a triai „f ,,„ «.,„ 
derful method. Whether ,>keptlcal or not iret t i. f ree 
2r.'h "^^ '"' *'■''.*''« remerkahle Invention that r.I^S 


aloKue. A. B. 

and Tbresnlng Engines, Saw 
MUN. Machinery and full line 

— of Ai{. Injpleiiients. Kree cnt- 

tarquhar Co.. I.'fd.. York. J'a 

tw.) other strips of iM.ard tr.xl Inch thick 
Mkl""; 'L "%'""•'. ""•' «•«• "fbevel to m It 
^^^1, " o^'"',*' ""^ "• " 'n y""- 'tiphi.ard or 

raised or lowered as desired to put thlnjcs 
MUnncr. Pa. '"'■ ''• ^^Allistkh. 

of pie plant and y..,, will Und the Jui.^Tl 

Ir.v It on your hands. When e^^s are scar e 
■ nd hiKh In r.rlce use 1 roun.led tablespoon .f 
out"?hy''' '"/'"''' '"""Pkin pie ,nTi?a e 

answer. If the housekeeper dislikes mendint 
stock nKs. try wearinif heel protectors. e 

«an bu.v them. We knit ours of carp, 
^haln Shape like siockIn,f alK.ut the heel 

allowing them to extend well under he 

""'-P- ""»! "■•• »'ave hut liltle trouble mend 

Inif heels. I'uf "Mrownle overalls" on the 

^tuall boy and .Vou have the knees protected 

f.. L-.'"'*r ."""", ''*'"'^'* '■"■ •»"■ '""•• ones 

to paste pctures in by usinjf the red blue 
u'!.T |- I''."'' '7' '^"■•" *»'«PI'I"«? I.nper. Tii: 
hiv* :,.'",.'."'"'%"' '* '^ ribb-ln'nnd vo , ' 
l»«ve sonietblug for gift*. Xb* thlldreu I 


The jury retiirned a verdict of acci- 
dental ,kath on the ntan who ftll frotn 
the window let ge en wiiich he ha.l fallen 
asleep. But the death was really due^C 

J|^^B|i|^^^^^^ I cureles.sness 
II^HI^^^^^yj which made 

I the accident 
'■"J ' „ ■ .1 I.I .. .' pos.sible. 

^J!=JCZJC^^ji— DC There are a 

-Jf^JI great many 

==p ^^ m " 1 i V e s s u d- 

rJL.^^ FVw "f denly tenni- 

nated as a 

result of 
although the 
niedical cer- 
tificate may 
read "heart 

When a man 


•OA* **'* stomach 
*t,- „„_ . and neglects 

the warning symptoms of tlisease he is 
carelessly inviting calamity 

Dr. Pierce's C,ol,len Medical Discovery 
cure, diseases of the stomach and othe^r 
organs of digestion an,l nutrition. U 

lation of food, which makes strength 
It stimulates the liver, cures biliousness' 
andjemoves bilious impurities from th<; 

weiKht IS pounds Kincc then ■' K-mn-u m 

Dr Pierce;s Pleasant Pellets cure con- 
jugation. They do not beget the piU 


Kinpiro ManurarlurlnB «'o.. Quinc.r. III. 


S>t) les of Fence and from »to 70 rod* a day 


"heat W holoxale ltUe<. <at«l,,Kue Kiee 

Kitselman Braa.BeHMSMnncle.Ind. 


That you twiiKht a wortlilev, fe„ce two or« years 

V , i \ '^"^ 'or caUloKue describing the Fence 

that l.s worth liio i-enif. on tlie dollar 

The Fro»« Wire Feae. €'o..CU»eIand,0. 


I's v^.L^i^** fl"? ^r' '^*>"^ °' WOVEN WIKK 
'*■•>.' »•• for Held. Ijiwn, harden or Poultry 
^ard. Wedhlp from Factory lo Farm. 

Barb WIrft •'$;*" P" »»" >»»••. 

Send a l.lnt of your Wants to ijet our 

Special Close-to-Cost Prices, delivered. ^„Z' 
_CASEJROS., Bon 440, Colchester, Conn."'' 


»«MH-2S?.l"~ ""'.'!"""« "l"** '» la«t"and, "How 
well does It wrve Its purpose." Uow'soumT 


The Best Book on j 


A book for the farm, garden 
and orchard, giving tipeiiul in- 
Htruorion for the iii-e of com- 
nierclal fertili/eri*. A book that 
iiieaiiH the saving of hiiiidreds 
of dollars by every farmer m bo 
studies its nielhods. 

Crop Growing 


Crop Feeding 

Forty-nine CliapterH, 38H pages, 
of the nioHt condensed, pradl- 
c-al, money-Having and money- 
making informatiou to be found 
anywhere; by 


whose work in thin direction ia 
known to every P, F. reader 

Coff,H»,nd .... One dollar 

low'thir w,th (he P. F. n,fur, fl.60 


Market & isth St.., Philadelphia. 

1 N 

_ January 17 , 1<J03. 

Mistakes, Failures 

and Successes* 

In thiB department we publish the Misukes, Fail- 
ures and auccesses of our subscribers. They are 
equaly instructive and necessary, polntiug the way to 
success. Bubecribers are cordially Invited lo send ac- 
counts of efforts they bave made which resulted In 
faUure, as well us those which proved successful. Give 
In a few wordo your experience of anything connected 
with farm or hoiLsehold work. A cash prize of 50 
cents for the best contrlhutlon, and ao cents for each 
other contribution published, will be paid to P. K. 
yearly subscribers. Only helpful communications 
of value to P. F. readers will be accepted. The head 
of the column will be considered the position oi uonor 
each week. Send all communications to Geo. T Pet- 
tit, Oneida, Kan. 

PniuitkliiM for HuiCM — When betjIunlnK 
to feed JioK.s la the Fall there is 
uothliiK better than pumpkins to keep them 
m a healthy coudltlou. 1 have raised a few 
in the corn every year, but they did uoi 
amount to very much, so the past season 1 
lertillzed a little over an acre of ground with 
larmyard manure, marked It with au ordi- 
nary 4-fool corn marker and planted pump- 
kn seed In every other row und every other 
hill in the row, thus making the hills 8 feet 
apart each way. 1 cultivated them :{ times 
used I'arls green ml.xed with plaster for 
the buKs. and as a result harvested 7 double 

and fattenln- ho^s and could see a marked 
Improvement In the condition of the hogs 1 
Hhan raise more next year and would 
fi;»rL- ,';^**^'^'""* /"try them. In this vldnltv 
there have iiot been many pumpkins raised 
on account of hug.s. so we have hosts of here- 
tofore unsuspected friends while our great 
pile of golden pumpkins remains In sight and 
1 e after iT''n ^'"V" ^•^" de.orated the morn 
I'uiKiiUv, Aliclt. 

Hove n nefriHrerator. — Kvervbodv who 
has an he house and he should have a refrlg 

one. but we would not part with It now for 

fo"r',"7, "'■'T,- ''-f^'-" we^'had It we^had 
-". ^eet n.i".'/';"^'" ""^ •fl'^'f whI.h are 
and alter, to take them nway. Now we have 
u .apa,. ous refrlgerntor one side Of tire table 
which are kept pies, bread, meat, milk! Imii- 

..V «t«,.e H, 1 ''?^"*' "" fiiormous number 
o steps during the .Kummer. The refrlger- 
"'"^ '"..f* K'V'd a« new. although It only cost 
Mt*"oftiJ "'■'*''''"" ''""."J, *"^'"- a« we bought It 
A hi \Y' '*♦'"?''" ^^^'* '« »he time of year 
t<» buy them cheap. c H 

littlHl. I'u tJAUHOKt. 

The: Practicai. Karmf-.i^ 

a"c,^';.k''1lrwh'M. "^'f'"-"t« to stand''"alT^t 

du^l^^til; ^^^^ Zs^,^, '^,^^ ,|;S 

of fha";.""'.'*'' ".'"."• ^^'•^''■" ''"^ «t'"d he es 

b;i[t'!.rrrt.v'>i'vr. ^.^.'.»« -'-'^'^ .---y \ 


iiit cribs ,| to ft^, ::;;;^e us.^ x::^\u.^ 

h« f mi H^'^^r, '° ^'anieter. When crlhs aiT 
half filled with cobblestone I put planks or 
strong poles across and till up wl' h ston" 
On the ui>-8t ream side of crib wire ten loff t.i 
one below the plank or poles Also h^in^ 
to hott^m'of^'l'l'h ''^'^'-^ ^'^'•'^ '^^teued bac^ 
Soif/Jr-^alsI Vl';e\^o:^ne^t:^^^f^"erte^ ^^l^^, 
iiaUd"l./,':i::[ '""^^^ -"^'^ and th|-hal^"l.l'. 

Kew** neonle^'a. *,'"»''^«"'> OP„„„.e„t._ 

^t ffy.^r^n^"^„^rjL-- ^^-s 

hey grow tip. remove any tin are wife e 

wi.„, yon wi.;";!a IL \x.J^:,,;^'Z 

r,? k';,t",'i;i.r'.'r,' afi •"■""■ '""™- 

cei.r fiw\ li -1 ""«hted more or less e\. 

th' . y^' :ee' of^'bUgHt "V}'?' ^^'t" ^^"^ ^^ 

were blighted uud thej broi^ht me ,,. '''**".' 
sum of $;{tiij. ^ oiou t t me the neat 

A«nfa Uu,b,i,a. Val. '^^^'-^-^ i^ 

Portable WHrtlrniie «• . „ 



tnln to harmonize wlfmnshlnirsnf^'"''' 
aud some fancy vases to set on t..?/ V"',V" 
and you have au oniament for bed room ami 

ol^.on^.orms1;,e bl^k^'^t Ys'U' 

anoth"^ Arches','" /"r", "'">«'<'<-• ot room to 
v.^ii 1 . ''' "t shelves n the bovs room 

of 11, .iv ,1 .'""""Ji ^"*'lf lasteued to the wall 

um;;!;:nelrtrw;yr J i^'v'te ;:[„«^^rr^ 

'^ L"^ r'«'" "'"' ""t of diis,, a... preft?cur" 
look better dothlUR' hung 



''•ihuiuii, o. 

MU.S. .S. W. lUlU.I.\.iA.UK 


1 * "?*! ?' ****••"* nmioim. — Thev are pxc«>l- 
;•"• r^,};?,"^ ''^"•' r'^'l "^onld be7et^c'ved and 

it should then he packed In boxes lined with 
way j.uper. sprinkling powdered sii^ar he 
t>veen Ihe layers. To those who Ike the ,.e -i 

datror'^uis '""V """*- "' >«'atai:ie"'„'s 
ren.Hri,^^ ** 1 if'^'y *''^' ^■•■•'■.v economical. 
I -qui ring only the sugar to be niirl 
thased for their prennratlon. Peri^lmm "ns 
are also excellent with the seeds rt^Zved 
and the cavities filled with nuts or boXns 

wed T."'"% ""V ,"'«» ^"t*"" «'•«• Hom?tl.neH 
^.tu T^'i" '^'■"'t '•"■ I'wt'' uses should be 

some money raising .abbage. ^ i had 8 ?ow8 

«n;i\M -^a'-''^ '""»^ I'ln"!.'.! rhe seed In Id Is 
and thinned when 4 In. h.-s hl.Mi. (Jave shnl- 

•a7;.r'"V' '•'iV'^.r.'"" ^"" « one-horsV c u M - 
>ator. I sold $]-, worth of .ahbage besides 
putting lip a iilce lot for Winter. The varle 
ty was Maiiles Hurehead. 

Hatson. A,k. Mhs. P. A. IIe.s.s. 

FarmInK a RaNlneNM Farming Is a 

bus ness. and the man who wouW make a 
rea H,u.,.,.,s of It nowada.VH must be" good 

esder,h"'"h •■" «""."^ busln.>ss manager 
nesides the buying and selling, and the em 
Pl".vment of labor, there are the p anting 
cult vatlng and harvesting of rops • t*; 
feedliig and .are of livestock- the use of 
ina.hlnerv and a hundred other rmXtanf 

ih Ihv of "i iT'!"""" , Intelligence' sX""," 
anility of a high order. There are a fho i 
sand things to be lo..ked after to make I e 
farm do Its lM>st. Taking everything Into 
ronsUl^rat on the wonder Is thn" ,he?e a " 


i'SaV'^^rmrr^' ^-^'^^ """"^-U-'^nil''^' 
Luxcson. Tinn. hawk. 

way we I ke our apples baked. Tak^. rli.e I 
Hoiind apples of even size nnd wash, wifh'nn ' 
apple corer I Jack knife will do, remove the I 

rmm/''h"? '\'u '^"'j''' «'»"'-"• th">< leaving a 
round hole through the apple. Arrange thS 

Fll7he\ri*'"'?'"'M"""- •'"'''''"'" -nKoi.'^^ 
I M the holes In the centre of the anil^es 
with sugar and If very tart sprinkle a "noon 
ful or two In bottom of pan. .Cw nour hot" 
water In the pan till It comes ab^f.u fa f way 

until" hiTr T""' .J'"* '" '"^ "^-n and bX 
«Mi n"^/*'/ .".".•■• **"'" turn en.h apple over 
and finish baking, being .aref„| not to hnrn i 
or scor.h them. f)n.e Caked n this way "oS 

^ttemm mo^rr'.';"" '''">- '<^'^-. "' "fi- farmers 
attempt more than one crop of anvthlifir In 

nn.^ n,*'"/''rr "•"'-I't '^-'dii. not even get 

fnte fC > "l'"" '"'"' named were a little 
i-of n ^ -, J'""'' «Btchln" them, hut nTv w If • many .alvc.s " i^rVuV , '"^''^.V"'' * 
and have lost u tow vrn. , . iHscase 

r« / V i"' * ^".'r' ''■'"" <'^PerIonce ^ 
■"'"//. A. i. ^u.s. Gi;oitui; (.'L.vjtK. 

Care for the Ilrooiiy lleiin It Is n 

inistake iiot to give broo, y hen" good car.? 

win h.'«^ .""'', i"'" ^^■'"■» bfeakln^i' hetn un 
will be well paid for when thev gel to lavln P 

Loodv hen '"V" "■^""^''^ '" '^'-aklng u";te 

^"r:^n?..^';i"tf ri^,:; sr v; •' i"*^ i^^rffi 

ben ve It' he '.^ " ^"''^ ""^ "'""a"^' «•a^^ 

po ,'w.'i'rof,^ir'b'ry.„r'iVe^u.^ "^'" "^ -•^^'^- 

An„irh„„/.u.j,t, Mr. ^ T. PEnKlNs. 


f.Jrff ^1^ h^^ *''*'°.*°8 began with the 
ad of the Vegetarians" and their be- 
flfi iif ^"developed that the beauti- 
ful Miss vSchuylcr thought herself a 
Vegetarian." "But," saTd Dr. Smith, 
what do you eat ? " « All kinds of veget- 
ah Ics and fruit," said she, "then I dt?nk 
nnlk, have eggs for breakfast, besides at 
other meals I eat butter, pudding, cheese 
and cake, and tell every one they ought 
to do as I do, I feel so much Ltten" 
Ibe doctor looked astonished. "And 
you call that vegetarian ? Mydear younjr 
woman don't you know that butter, eeirs 
and milk are anima/ foods ? Then too 
It IS a mistake to urge others to follow 
you What 13 good for vou may not be 
good for others. The Ksquimo of the 
Arctic regions couldn't support life on a 
vegetable diet. Some animal food is 
necessary to keep heat ip his body. On 
the other hand, beside the individual 
peculiarities and the climate, the condi- 
Jr?,""'^t' ^^'^h.wch person lives, 
would make it a mistake for you to red 
ommend to everybody to follow your 

fi "J'!u /^^ *^« «*»"« time," con- 
tinuea the doctor, "I have come to the 
couclusion that fully one-half of the 

chronic complaints which embitter life 
are diie to stomach disorders which 
could just as well be avoided." "Now 
Dr. Smith," interrupted Miss Schuyler," 
know you're going to tell us all just 
what to do and that when our stomach be- 
gins to trouble us and we have tlyspepsia 
or what not, we are all to march i^Le 
one after the other, into your office and 
have our stomach pumped out. No 
thank you. I tried that when I had dvs- 
pepsia, heart palpitations and dizzy 
spells so bad I thought I'd go ma(f, 
and then when I struck the pump treat- 
ment I thought I'd go madder! But 
fortunately just about that time I saw 
something in the paper which made me 
stop and think. I said, if hundreds of 
others can be cured by such simple treat- 
ment as taking Dr. Pierce's Golden Med- 
ical Discovery three times a day, I think 
1 H try. I did try, and in two months I 
was .sound and well again-without those 
hornd stomach pumps, and then best of 

ri ; v'v ^ ^^^^ ^ ^- P^""' *t Buf- , 
falo, N. Y., and asked his advice in mv 

case, and he told me how to care fori 

myself how to exercise, diet, etc., and 

that didn't cost me a cent. Then I 

bought his book, the ' Common Sense 

Medical Adviser,' and now I know just 

fu^'^^j}^'^ *** "^* to be a hundred in , 
the shade." 

"I <^nt dispute your statement for It 

3 undoubtedly true," said the doSo ' 

I have seen many in my practice 

^L^^T^^'^r^ °^^*''- <liseai9 of the 

nerce. It seems to a.ssist in the diees- 
ton and assimilation of the f<wd in th1» 
stoinach, and not only that bliHt bui 5^ 

hfJ^ ^T^''*-' ^'^^^^^ ^y enriching the 
blood and stimulating the liver into 
healthy action. Ne^^•ous feelings of de! 
spondency and the blues are do?e away 
wilh because the nerves are fed on rich 
P'-f^bJood and thev no longer c?y" ut 

In '^^"kP'^P^'' ^"^^^ ^° "»an or worn 
an can be strong or feel happy who^s 
suffering from indigestion, because when 
the stomach is di.seased there's a dimi" 

"Th^s" r/ '\' "^ -n.uscles'3 kl hZ 
-this IS why one <ii,n't sleep well is 
languid, nervous and irritable " 

Ihe World's Dispensary Medical A<! 
t'^rTanJ °' ^"f ^'^ N. y', the proprie- 
tors and manufacturers of Dr Pierce's 
Golden Medical Discovery, are wimng to 

Forfeit $3,000 

If they cannot show the original siena- 
ture of the individuals whf voluXr 
the testimonials below, and of the 
writers of every testimonial among Se 
thousands which they are constfntly 

rneneS.""*^* '^"' P'^^''^^ ^^^^^ ^""^ 

for tK^ *^''""?* express what I suffered 
for thi^ee years from the effects of a torniH 
L':,"-;^'"*" Jas. E. Hawkins Esq Pr?s,- 
dent Order of Golden Circle No It of 
Atnenca, Box lojS. St. I.ouis Mo •'Had I 
but known of your 'Golden' Medical Dis- 
covery sooner what misery I ni^ht hale 

the better, so I kept on usin^ it. three tTme^ 

dose'' o^'nr "p" "°'?'*'' ^'^^ «" occasional 
dose of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets to 
resrulate the bowels, and the resuUs weJe 
all and more than I ^ould wish. My anne 
me ,s splendid-I feel ten vears younareV 
and atn entirely free from p.iin of any kmd 
7°"^ ^«>/l« Medical Discovers "Tsc„' 

Mrs. Alice Everly, of Creedvill*. nuir, 
-ays : ••.Sometime ag^o I wrote youin're^aVa 
my case, asking your advice; also what I 
needed ,n the medicine line.' The Idvici 

recti<.rr^n<f »"* V^" following^^ 'd? 
rection.s i find myself entirely relieved of 

fe? S'LTf ir'^'rr' "^ "'^ »'°'«b' 

les. anu teel I am entirely cured I hiH 
l\7' ":?^P'«'".^ and indijfestion o?the bSw 
Golden Medical Discovery, also IhreL vUN 
of Dr. Pierce's Pleasant Pellets %^oir 
remedies have proven very satisfactorJ 
m my case, and I am deli/h^ed'^Tbe ™J 
^ "^^"^ ?°<^e more. I thank you for vmir 
Rood and valuable advice, wS was so 
protnntly giv;e„. My husband is taking 
the Golden Medical Discovery ' and also 
feels that ,t is doin^ him ^ood^d?," thinj 
we are very positive of, is that it will J "e 
a wholesome appetite when all else fails " 

N. v. for a A-/?^/r'4''ci;SJ'4^% 
Common Srn^r Medical Adviser" /'or 
paftt-r . covered copv enclose 21 cne-cent 
stamps to cover mailing only. Cloth 
bound, ji stamps. «-.«*«- 

I ipiii ■■» 

• mmn 










Thb Practical Karmer 

January 17, 1903. 

r^ostal C^ard C»orrcspondcncc. 

"^hl* df-partrnprit Is IntPndPd for nbort roramuntrn- 
tlona only. We Hwunl, pmoIi neck, a prire of J"! c'-rits 
for earh potttiil rard printed in this department. 
('omtiiuni''nti(ina must \>e written on pontal cardu; 
must ciiTDc from pafd-iip yearly MiitKiprilicrM; must t* 
short and pointed, and theme preferred wbich Klve 
prlopH of prod lire, news of tlie weather, progreaa of 
farm work, (to|«, etc. 

Slfiiatod 4 mllcH north of I'nnii. III. Conn- 
ti'.v uio.slly level, land very pioiliictlvi' ; sells 
troiu !?S.'» to ^1J."( pel' aiic. Corn erop lioml, 
Ki'lls at .{."»«■.; wheat, very Utile rui.sed, t;(ic, ; 
••uiH. ;.•."><•. ; jjutaioes. V> t"<> ."><•(•. per l)u. ; l)Lii- 
t< r, JOc. per lb. : vhhk. 2:iv. per doz. ; ililck- 
< ns. .S lo !tc. per lb., live: buy, .$ lu per tun. 
Kent here Is lii>{li. from two lift lis for Krain 
lo one half of the bay, to oiiebalf ot all 

i und 
1 ana. 111. 

suiue landlords 
Jan. Ti, l!i(i;i. 



house rent 


Located In Itiitler Co.. <)., S miles from 
lliimillon, Iho louuty seat. Have bad a 
very wet Fall, no I'all i)lowlnK done. This 
is a fainiluj,' country, and, as a rule, very 
prosperous. Trlies i;oo<l and crops to suit 
the demand: Wheat, HOc. : rye, tide: oats, 
;!!Sc.. per bu. ; potatoes, Sl.HO'per bbl. ; bay, 
tluioiby, .'JJIU; clover. .$lli. |>er ton; l'tHi>i, 
.'I'lc. |ier doz. : bulter, ;!t(c. ; beef, dressed. Me. : 
liork, N,, per lb. Laud, $J0 to |loo per 


Hamilton, (>., Jan. <;,'.i. 

Till' wenrher lias been Jjulte cool for the 
|>asi few days : ground has frozen some. The 
principal crops raised are ciu'n. oats wheat 
niid potatoes, etc. Kruit scarce. I'l-lces : 
< orn, l,">c. : oals. ;{i>c. : wheat, 7;{c. ; poiaioes, 
.'((•(•., per bn. : chickens. Sic. ; ducks, (Jc ; tur- 
keys, ll.'c. : buller, :;(lc., per lb.: e>;jjs. 'SU-. 
per do/.: horses. .$.">ii to .$.•{(»( i : milch cows. 
Land well improved: # Jo 
We have a telephone, also 
lO. K. Wkll.mku. 
.Ian. 7, l!M);i. 

Ill the shade, and it hardly over j:i'ls below 
lit dej;rees Jiliove zero ill Willlcl'. The c<Hin- 

iry Is us hi'Mlihfiil as any country. We have 
some mud in Winicr. but we cannot expeit 
• 'Very I bin;,' lo be ;;ood III one l)lace. The 

laiiucrs are iirit up lo dale on t'ariiiin;;. bill 
I hey iniiki' a h:(ioiI livln>f and Ilial is about 
all ibey cure tor. but a man llial cares I'or 
inore (••111 make ii. The raiiilall for this 
year is ."il! iinbes. Anyone that wishes to ^et 
Iaru4- tracts •>( limbered land to work into 
farms can j;et some few trails td' l.iinii 
acres at .Sl'.-"iH per acre, with t'ood. valiiiible 
limber on tlicni. J. (J. 'I'.vi-r. 

S< iitlo. Ark.. .Ian. •^. 1!mi:!. 

Located In .Northern .Mis.-oiiii. on K. & W. 
and Uaiia^li |{. Its. .\ new railroad beliiK' 
li'iilt tbroiiuli the western part of our coiiiiiy 
at present. A ui-eal deal of corn lo KUtbeV 
yet. Italiis and snow this T'ull liave ))iit 
us bcbitid in all farm work. Farm liaiids 
scar<^e. Watjes. .fiL:;.'! and board pei' day: corn, 
.'!.'ic. ; wheat. (!(ic. : oats, ijii to 2'>c. : jiotatoes, 
."i.V. per bu. : e^j,"*. -•'<■• J>er do/.. : butter, l.'i 
to KJc. : turUey.s, He. per lb., in local mar- 
ket. All poultry hijjh. Some land cbanjiinK 
bands at from .^llj..")!) to .f4J.."((i jier acre, ac- 
cording to i|iiality. J. F. IJurrs. j 
(Jleiiwood. .\Io., Jan. ;{, liMi;;. ! 

Forty miles southeast of Indianapolis, 
(iood roads, jjood schools, free rural delivery 
of niall. K'lod lel«>phones. Prosperous time.s, 
and land and farm products bifrli. Land, .'fr.ii 

iviiiiM.'.i«a i 

1 he result of half a century's experience. Does all 
that a perfect shaving soap should do— softens the beard 
—allays all irritation— m akes sha ving a luxury. 
IVii/iams* Soaps sold everywhere. 
FREE— A Trial Tablet on receipt of 2c stamp to pay postage. 
THE J. B. WILLIAMS CO., Glastonbury. Conn., U. S. A. 

.•(.•{Il to .1:4.-.. each, 
to $1 l.'i per a< re, 
liUral I)eliveiy. 
Woostcr. tyiiio. 

to .i;ii.'."i per a<re : horses. .«•_'.■> to ."SL'iO I'lnli : 
cattle, -Ic. per lb. : cows. .«:i.'i to .f.'iO e.-K h : fat 
hoKS, Ifii per ( \vl. ; no slii'ep : turkeys, 10<-. : 
hens, !ic. : butter, l.'ic i)er lb. ; e^jts. L'L'c 
per doz. : wheat, TlJc. : corn. 4(ic. per bn. 
(Jrowlli},' wheat K"<"I. Clover seed. .'?4..")ll to 
%:\'\\\ per bn. Nlco A\lnter weather now ; 
:< inches of snow : not very cold : very wet all 
Foil. .Much corn still in the field. It is all 
down and damajred. Fodder shreddlUK de- 
layed. Slock in Kood condition. Fruit scarce 
past season. Health good and people con- 
ti-nted generally. I). (). Ai.tkk. 

Uushville. Ind., Jan. ,■>, lltO.'J. 

Ak I have liad a Kood raanv in<iiilrlps ab<nit 
this itari of ib<' lountry I will write a de- 
Kcrliiiloii of il. 'I'bis is the best country I 
know of fur a man with small means to 'i;et 
a Kood home. 1 came from .Mlcbl"an two 
years aco. We have one of the best <oiintrles 
in the South, but we want some .Northern 
farmers to develop It. .Most all farm pro- 
ducts and fruit do well : we do not have any 
more droiiKlils than any pln<e. and lan ^et 
aloiij; betti-r on account of the lonir Kinwin;; 
N. ason and slnut Winters. We have ^ood 
hi boots and churches. The peojile Vi\y' very 
friemlly and hospitable: they like to see 
N'irthern people come In. The country is 
K«'n<-rally levi-l : no rock, no swamps " nor 
waste land. The soil Is u Rrav clav loam 
with (lay siibscdl. We have jfood wi-ll and 
siirlnp water. The timber Is principally ouk 
and hickory: yellow pine mixed In " some 
lo<ttlltles. Some prairie land. Oiir county 
iMi-.wi bus tbr-e iMllr<iads and a survey for 
another. \'ery Kood market lor ull produce. 
<!ood wanes for labor and labor Is scarce. 
Land can be lunmbi for |'J..">ii to .$."> per acre, 
and some on easy terms: this price Includes 
farms with some Improvements on. from 
.'{ti to C.ii aires under ciiltlvatlon. It does 
not p-t extremely hot or cold: the hlnliest 
teinperatiire for last season was I04 de^reeH 

We are enjoy Injr life 
tloii of South Carolina, 
the city of SimrianbiirK. 
are cotton, (orii wheat 
bad a very mlUl Fall. 
iiiK fine for time of yeai 
per lb. : corn. 
• liic. pep bn. : 

"•".c. : wheat. .«! 
horses and mules 

In thp I'lertmont sec- 
(5 miles northeast of 
The principal crops 
and oats. We have 
.Small Kialn is look- 
I'rlccs : Cotton. Sc 
oats. ."><i to 
from .«Hiii 

to .fl.Mi: cows. .«.!ii to .'i;4."» each: ho^s. 7 'i.e. 

per lb. : PKKs, I'l* to "" 

frying, !•"• to L'.'ic. : 

butter, L'.'ie. per lb. 

I*. F. and wish It 

yea r. 

SpartanbiirK, S. 

:.">(•. per iloz. : chickens. 

: hens. :;ii to 40c. each : 

I am a subscriber to the 

Breat success in the new 

A. v.. ItllV.VXT. 

C. Jan. ;i. 1 ',»(».■{. 

CopI)erfield. Ornnpe Co.. Vt.. Is located 10 
miles from Chelsea, the county seat. A 
minliiK town of considerable impi.rtaiK e. The 
copper mines, of wbich Wesiinuboiise (ibe 
ureal millionaire » Is the prhK Ipal owner, 
are in full blast, hiring all the help tliev 
can. This makes a Kood market for farm 
products, wood especially, which Is in yreat 
demaiKl. r'armers are very busy cutting 
and drnwinir. Help is siarct-. iJo'od sle|>;h- 
iuK : roads ,vell kept by nse of •.now rollers. 
I'rlces : Corn and meal. .<1.4ii: bran, .$1.1.' 
per cwl. : oats. .".iic. per bu. : v\-ood. 4 foot, 
ilry. $4: >;re-n. .*;! : line dry wood. KMncb. 
.«."> ."i(> per cord: butler. I'.'i to :j)Sc. per lb.; 
ef,'KS. .'{(Ic. per doz. : potatoes. (lUc. per bu. 

<;>;<». A. Hr.sH.NKLi.. 

CopperflrUl, Vt., Jan. .">, 1'.Mi;{. 

L.xated In Scott Co., Iowa. )() miles from 
liavenport, the county seat, one mile from 

j the fciand old 'Fat her of Waters." The 
past season has been an unusuallv wet one 

i • tops were Rreatly damaged, especially sinali 
j-'ialii. OwliiK to rains and enrlv frost, corn 
oil many farms failed to mature, hence a 
Ki-eat deal of soft lorn in cribs and much In 
iields yet iinhii.sked. Price of land from |.-)0 

[to .1.1(10 per acre; corn. a.>. : opts. 4(ic. ; 
wheat. (iOc. ; potatoes, short crop, ,Vle tier 
bu. : bay, $10 pe,- ton; butter, dairy, l>,-.c. 
LT.'',.<"'= *'*''*''''• ^'■''^'h. 2:5c. per doz.; hou's, 
!f I -'0 cwt. ; turkeys, live welRht, V.W. ; 
ihlckens, yoiniK, lOc ; old. He. ; ducks. .V. ; 
Keese, tie. per lb. Weather verv cold : ther- 
mometer, zero. M. K. \Vao(jo.nkh. 
l.lue (.rass. la., Jan. .">. I'.MCJ. 

Located In Custer Co., near .Montana and 
W.vominK line. I'rlnci|ml Industries are rals- 
Inn: (Utile. horses. and sheep on the 
raiiKe. <;rasslioppers and overstocking 

bring the raiifje and stock into Win- 
ter In poor condition. Iny Sum- 
mer; line I all : Winter since Dec. 1. with 
three to four inches of snow. Ileavv loss 
to stock on the range Inevitable if present 
weatbcr holds. Hay, .<lo to .fil.-) per ton • 
small <ii:anliiies only obtainable; oats, .$1 7.'i • 
wheat. %-i: corn, *l.;{o: chopped feed. $1.;{0: 
biaii and mlddlltiKs, .«1..-..-, ; potatoes %\ IT, 
to .5I...0 per cwt.: calves, $1,-,; cows .«'»U 
to .1!.;o: horses, jf;,{o to %"> per head. 

.Moorhead. Mont.. Dee. iiil, .1001'. 

Located on the .\. & W. midwav between 
V'"''.'".'"' »"'' I'ortsmoiith. Itt nilles from 
«. I nion. the county seat of Adams Co. 
• oniitry generally rolling and fairly pro- 
ductive. .Not many I'. F. readers. Farmers 
mostly well along with their work. S(une 
corn n.d gathered yet. The weather has 
lieen very (bangeable, going from one extreme 
to the other: lots of rain and some snow. 
,>\e raise corn, wheat, rye. oats, tobacco. 
I clover and timothy, and some tomatoes for 
j canning factory. <;ood farm help scarce. 
I I lent y of good schools and churches. Nearly 
I all kinds «.t fruit do wll here. Laboring 
wages are from 7."c. to .«1 per dav ; girls, 
•"Sl.iO to .<l' per week ; wheat. iL'c. ; rye Roc • 
1 oats. 4iic. : corn. 4.".c. ; clover seed. $:{..^0 t(j 
I •>•>.. lO per bu. ; clover hav, J.^i ; timothy «•» 
per ton; hogs. $."• to $«; ; cattle .$;{ to $4 
per cwt.; horses, $'_>.-, to lliio; cows. $•'.-. to 
*.»<» each ; butter, ITc. per lb. ; eggs. 22c per 

I doz. Land sells from %\:^ to .$.-,0 per acre 
I according to location. Have been taking ibe 
, 1. 1'. lor ihree years: have just renewed for 
1 another year: hove every copy filed away for 
future reference: am well pleased with It 
Success to the F. F. and Its many readers 
^^";, I-'"'- Iii.v C. llow.vuii. 

heaman. ()., Jan. 0. liio.'j. 

Situated in Montgomery Co., 20 miles 
from I'hiladelphia. Soil fertile where prop- 
erly cultivated, but some good farms for 
sale cheap on account of their being poorly 
farmed for years. We need not go West nor 
South for cheap land, as we have farms 
selling tor from .*2."i to .' per acre, accord- 
ng to condiilon of land and buildings Very 
little land in this county but what was 
originally fertile and (ou!d be made so again 
o.v lerry and .Massey fanning. Xo belter 
markets anyvvheie tiian in small town 
and I'hiladelphia. Prices: Hay, .Iti'ii ; straw. 
^i.> tojFli per tim and scarce; corn fodder. 
4 to ..c. per bundle ; hogs. .«!» per cwt 
dressed: cows. .1140 to .<floo: horsei, %"^ to 
*_..o each; bran. .«_-o per ton; com, (!Oo. ; 
oats. ..Oc. : wheat. ,,«•.; rye, (Utc. ; potatoes 
!.»•. per bu. : butter. .•{Sc. per lb.; eggs :!Sc' 
per doz. ; hell) very scarce, wages very high! 
\)eatlier cold since beginning of December 
< otti scarce, wood high. !«.-. to .$«! per cord. 
\Mntpr wbeol l..oking well. Some corn out 
yet. owing t() very bad weather during 
December. May the I'. F. have a prosperous 
.vear and continue to be the best of all a"ri- 
culturul weeklies. We cannot do withoui'lt. 

,, ,, ,,, „ , -^ L II.\i,i..\i.\.\. 

( oMegevllIe. Pa.. Jan. C. liio.-j. 

n'i'"^'^n^^^ y"''"" "f >•'""• '-"rn crop. 
How.' Ky using the XlcCormick corn 

shredder."""^ "" ^''•^""••'°'^'' busker a.'d 

Reduced Wholesale Prices 

lOn all kind!* of lendni? w Ire. Incliidlnic 
Ithe best Colled Spring Wire ruiide. Send 
forcaialogned.-scrlblng the ( leveland 
JencH. Ciiie,! Sprlnir and .si.-^j (;„,».» 
I he<lf»eUndlVii<.4.<o.,t|f»fUnd.O. 



ANY rniNft 



Our Winter Subscription Campaign. 

D Ls' T is i^, o rn V'lT ';.f :'"■;/•?«'"« "• .*•'« ^■'^" "-"'petition whid. has resulted from a deiire to'get the t m 

pme.s. this, n, turn, has led t,. dilhcully ni securn.}; the renewal of these cut .subscript s at full r.ites anil renpu 

subscni.tions have l.._.en lost in this manner. For this, and other reasons, we have decided to disco tiueilTcLh- 
and connmssjons and offer only our IMocks of Si.v, which have been so popular .luriiigtepttW month" h" .^ 'Tf 
SIX yearly subscriptions sent M. one time, the suhsciiption price is 50 cents, three dollars imv nc f. r Zs W m,1 1 ■ ■ 
1 he subscriptions may he new or ol.l, and the subscription of the club raiser may be ul , l.'; f th^ six In ot»r ?."'!'• 
a present su jschUt can send his owu yearly renewal and live other vearlv subscriptions ev or renew- Is an,?r 1 r '' 
^''« "«""- K"^l"n>'n.iwhoseii,lsus.,i,e.,f these cUibsorsix,ean hive thechoice'ofany ^n o thefo^win^lS^l^f,^^^^ 

()ur|l.()O.Se«|, Plant or Bulb Due Hill. 

()iir(;reut McKiiilev H<K)k. 

'Jerry'** "Our Farml'tij?." 

Ma.ssey's New Hook "Crop (Jrowing and 

J'rop Feedinjr." 
(Jreiner'M New Hook, "Tlie (Janlen Hinik." 
(Jreiner'H "How to Make the (laitlen I'ay ' 
Prof. VtMjrhee'H "The Kir»t I'riii.iplJs of 


Warren 'h Rfwk. 
"-'no lOKjfs a ^ear 
l>er Hen; How to 
(Jet Them." 

riie lloine and ("altle Doctor Hook. 

A ^ear'H Subsorlptiou to The Practical 

A Hractjcal Farmer (J uaranteett Kuife. 

A Year's HubHrrlption to the Thrice-a-Week 
World or Hoard's Dairyman. 

"Dairying for Profit, or the Poor Man'sCow." 

Outside of these clubs the subscription price of the \\ F. will be %\ 00 ner rear Anv n,,*. r.^..o i- 

W.I1 receive the paper for G months only. Our single subscripti.,n pricX$ 0^^^^ pef innum ZZT^^^^ "' ^^ ''"'' 

Now fnenf s, we believe this to be the fairest proposition a 1 round An rwraskvourWv ''* r • 
making our Winter subscription campaign a succesk \Ve thank you L- your uccessful ef^^^^^^^^^^ "J 

e.specially for the help you have rendered us during the pa..t year.^ NVe waiTto ,nak^^^^^^^ past and 

m American agriculture, and we want you to help t( make it so It's m^, ' t, L i Jh .i ? '^'" ^'''^'^^'' ^^^^® 

you will help us to put it into thousands of new M^:^ no onTyh'elp to extend ^LlTn'^T^^^ft' "^'^ '' 
time give us the sinews of war to give you a better P. F. than ever before usefulness, but at the same 

THE FARMER CO., Market & 1 8th Streets, Philadelphia. 

•50 cent. pay. for P. F. six month., $1.00 for one year, but $3.00 will p.y for six* 
yearly .ub.criptlon.. Including your own. ThI. I. our 1903 c.mpalgrin a nuSh.ll 






Published Weekly By 


KU.fc« & ISih Sis., PhiUdelphia, Pa. 


they want to knouZhat\fr Ter^Z'^H ^r'""*" '^ 
. agrxcultural matter, eLri'ZlL?^, ^'" '" '"^ "'' 
\:^ThePracUcal farZr. ^ ^"^ ^^''^ """"^ '•«'««' 

The Practices ofT SuccessfuTPiff 

Raiser in the North. 

J. H. Waterhouse. Uarrincton m w 

l>ut the failure of hie . ,^ business, 
lasf Poll !. . "'^ crimson clover 

TK« . _i "'^'»'t^J ag^ain for over X2 7nn 
The price was a little higher Farh 
year he bought and fed about tfn^ 
worth of wheat shorts. All othpr fn h 
was ral«!Pri tk., I oiner food 

ture and for growine corn If P^^" 
and pumpkins fonhenigsinth' l^^^ 
they had. Thus. n7 Zmn'l'lZTe 
got 140 an acre for all 1q».^ «""'. ne 

la« year-, p,g, afc'lt^S' ,^;, "h',^ 
towards eight months old Thev weii? 

startling fae'^'th:?'*^^^-., ^^ '« rather a 
'lied of oholora „, J^"^ ^ORs have 
and aeiin hn • ' around him. time 

oii He"simp ;is"e7:Uro""^ ^'"^"^ 
•"P'/ uses common sense In 

the breeding and rare of nles mvc a* 
tention to the simple laws of health \fd 
nature rewards him as she wHl anyone 
else. There is not the slightest need o? 

for Mr^xjr P^^P^^-'^ ^'^'^ and cared 
lor. Mr. Henry uses for nasturp f,,^ 

Pigs three 5-acre lots of ^ very h,^' 
ground, lying side by side. The mid £ 
tor Ij P^'-«>^"«nt pasture. particT, a ,y 
for early green feed, of June eraVvf 

TUel^r^LT fi]""^ "-turargrl it' 

year ^h^avin " 1" ^^'' ^^^'^ ^^^ »" the 
year. Having a warm sleeping room 

with a cement floor, under a corn TrTb 
in one corner, and an out-door feeding 
floor with a tight boariT fence Irounuf 
to keep wind off. The fo^,]ir,t n" . 
some little distance 'froV's'SngZar' 
ters so pigs will leave their dropnini 
U '"tLI'' ''"^^"^ «°°'*- rather tlfaTo^n 

floor 'e'vTr;'Sa?' i7V' ''''' °" ^^'^ 
„v. ^"^ty aay. if snow comes it la 

shoveled off. One object of t^fs is to 
have floor where sun nnn „. 
Durifv if Thr u . ^"'^ '"^i" tan 
piinry u. This helps about kppnino- 

Pigs healthy. Fresh bedding is pu? in 
sleeping room often so it is always cleaS 

^fnAT ^y^"" P*«« «1«^P oiTwet bed 
ding there is a loss of at least 20 ^^. 
cent, of the food thev eat thlt^ ^f^ 
make heat and fone "^ He uses lim^ln*' 

TTeTtrrjv'"^, sowrtrLi*^'; l;: 

belng r.yZ-;, tZZr'\iZZ 
using r x4 T^ °'.'^°"''^« « '«^''"n^ 

from top to within about 2 feet^? 
ground. They cost less than $2 eac2 

Jlace's In'nJr^ °" '""^ ground in dry 
wi^r^. . P^T^"*""^ pasture. a sow 

Tn 1 '^^ ^''"^ ^^' P^" ^^ farrowing tf^e 
llfj^y 1"' ««• about it. for some wee^s 
with her young ones. The Mtth ni/« 
can get out on the ground fr«,m t firft 

oYnt^'^ beTer^'Cithrt '' ''^^'^^^ 
With the very^ow':!,^sVof pens°T;S" 

when thl * """""^^ """' ™i'd weather 

around back to winT Hls'ave age loCs' 
Of young pigs With this system ^. re ?ess 
tban one pig to a llttpr u to . 

fairr,^ u uue lime the sow 

takes her young ones to the laree liehT 

falle,. Of ,„„,„," a'X/.'^.aSr "Vh" 
oorn Is removM Dut slalka left stan.lh,- 
No pigs are ever allowed .In .h. *■ 

"lover the first Fa The starks^'hl.u 
the snow. The verv rl,-h .^.i 1, . "''' 

Of corn isVrown "as HnTh^y^ ''''^ 
very rich f rnm 7h f .^ ^^^ become 
years Tn.K ^' 'i'-oppings of pigs for 
years, in the spr ng eariv Mr u 


young, new-seeded clover Fros^? InH 
rains rover It tho «i ^ ' '^"^ts and 

along the corn rows wheJp i"^'"^ "^ 
not take well and wlSc Tn ^r" '"'^ 
there is » nh^t ^ '" wherever 

Plants.* T^er "suit IsT"'' '^^ ^'"^''''• 
-lover and rape enoui;h "!T "' ^"''^'• 
stock all sumLr.Tn"^cini:ctr;Vif,^ 

Philadelphia, January 24, J 903. 

I'riee, 5 C'ent^. 

"rrou:."„ft '"■•■'■'''■ ^"'•■'x 

ver could not be on account nf tiT 
rape In it. which would not cure out 


ratro^etSVe'rwIi-iUrLtf" • 
t.,I°L°?''^ ^^ ^^'■^^ a'-e used for pas- 

year but°?h ^''""'r °" «""■» land eac^ 

g^to ^t"h'e 'Xrrz^ -.rrh-e-a'/ 


-at a ,l„„ble box load per dav tI^ 
u^l^TJ,'^ ", «™w,„/4\,^S'at flTst' 

Kf clSve'r'-T.r'rHr''^"™ "°- 

Z . P^^'*^"*- Make 2 sowings sav I 
or 4 Weeks -irnKf t- '"S". f^ny ^j 

whileTt is sm-fn or th"" ^'^' "" '^P^ 
D,,^ . '^maii. or they wont eat it 

?o'es ZtlJt r' '^''y pasture'^ u 
uoes not long; soon gets toii^h 


will be stronger, and ne*»H n«f 

ort7e :,■; Ivstem"",* "■•"' ■""""« 

friends named can certninlv An i 
swpro t« tu .t «*" '^Tiainiy flnd an- 
swers to their questions in this artini 
A man with small means caneon,- 


Breeding fmrn « ^'^*^ ^'^^ "ia e. 

"■ctuing rrom Immature stncu v^o- 

after year, and inbreeding ioono J^^ 

Af?p; V '^ ^i;^ ''^^'''' S«"'i breeds 
Age^Whrt°"T„ Daughter Becomes of 

letter: "l want yo'u \o Wli e" J^st^cTjo'r 
hev'a^f n'f" ^'° '''''y «^ home If er 

f *l p«T Year 
I iu Advauc* 

erally gets Si no ^t 91 ^ > **°^^' ^®"- 
wards HP i ^^.^"'^ ^^ses after- 

Btaried oufs^de oru'"' ^'.'^"^ *° ^«' 
whilp tn !1 • *^ '^ "^ade worth his 



y. but surely, howfver woma"' ,. tak-" 
tlf, f" ■'.'?'"'"' "I"''"' I" the worid- 
apect "th"; ■"■;."" "' ">"•• i" everv rt 

that thl ' "'^ Pleased to hear 

sections ih^ereTh's'' so^Xs^L."^"^ 
a' t"r Thaftl'^'eThe""^ suitable" wafes 


ent sUtP^nf'';,^'''"^^*"^'^- The prit 

tices ri^hl 7"^'""i"g inherited prao^ 

^ t^il u^^ ™^"«'"- <-'"stom has set 
al'd'Their-rlnTs Z trS^ sS"! 


and daughter should have a lef,; T 
same wages. If the/reraaTn at home « 

!o'r hTrn,e*tl'i>r""'-?hf,° f'^^^^" 

If they will not work as wpIi „. T " 



ISeTuty It ea^ow^^s-trth;™™"" 


them, dear women 'hive ,"a Zl ,,"7 "' 
year after v^ar hJ^^ «ia>e(i at home 

almost selfishly snr^'pH '*'""" P^'"'^"^' 

r s:m'.^7n?i;;3"S V -"• 

seems to me that If th^L „ '' 


auch ease. Justice demand, now that "f 


all. whether other chldren get Inv^l, **' 
or not. See to this matter^^t on^c^mj 




The Practical. Karmer 

January 24, 1903. 

olderly friends, who have daughters at 
homo (.•h«'('i I'lilly caring for you in your 
'declining years, so injiistico (annot be 
duiif tht Ml in tilt' future. If you appear 
before yoni' Maker without iloing tlii.s 
what can you say to a just God? Now. 
my dear friends. If that little girl of 
yours has grown to womanhood 1 know 
how she still seems to you as only a 
child, one of the family, as of old, but 
she isn't. Let me ix-g of you to at once 
l)egin to deal fairly with her, to encour- 
age her. to teach her the value of money, 
by paying her regularly just wages, or 
letting her go wh<'re she can earn them. 
Then help to put her savings in some 
hafe jilace at interest. 

^. /3 . y^a^ 


Answered by the P. F. of Philadelphia. 

We Himll lj«? (5lH<l to unswer in this column all ques- 
tions |i>rlHlnln« to tlje farm ami farm oix-rations 
which our muIwitIIhts hind us. Writt your (jut-HtlunB 
plainly ami hm hrii-lly ntt you can. 

When anil How to Dehorn Cown. — 

WhiTi 1b th«' hcsi lime to dchoru cowsV Is 
It safp to (Ittimii tlioDi In <<.ld wf-uthcrV Is 
It ii»'<'i'ssaiy I'l »|i|>ly anything aftt-r <iittliiK 
horns off.' Alt' till' touvfx rlippcis good lor 
dehoruiiij; (utilf/ U". U. 

ACir Jiriiiisiriil;, .V. J. 

(Hijiht Utj T. It. Tirry.) 

I should not hesitate to have horns re- 
moved during a mild spell in Winter; 
surely not in the latitude of New Jersey. 
Keep cows from exposure to wet and 
cold, of course. One should do this any- 
way. It is not customary to apply any- 
thing after the operation. Once in a 
great while we hear of a case where 
serious bleeding followed but there is 
rarely any trouble. Some use dippers 
and some a fine, sharp saw. Take the 
horns off <lose up. It doesn't matter 
particularly how it is done, only so 
horn is cut off without any crushing or 
splintering. The cow should be held 
perfectly quiet la a stanchion, and a 
quick, smooth job done and then, as a 
rule, she will not even shrink in her 
milk. And there will be no more hook- 
ing and Injuring of other cows. 

Various Queries. — F. A. Fauver. 
Arborhlll, Va. — "I am in possession of 
a farm of limestone clay, soil badly run 
down, but clover and timothy do well, 
though somehow wheat does not do as 
It should. I wish to ask. first: I have 
millions of what are called blue thistles. 
How can I get rid of them to best ad- 
vantage? I have twenty acres I want 
to put in rye next Fall and want to get 
field In orchard grass for pasture. Shall 
I plow the land about June and fallow 
It? Second: 1 have IG acres of rye grow- 
ing now. Will it be safe to pasture it 
■when dry. so as not to tramp the land, 
until the first of April? I wish to cut it 
as a grain «fop. I am not like A. C. S. 
in the Country Gentleman, who sup- 
posed that it was intended for perma- 
nent pasture." First, the weed you call 
blue thistle is doubtless Echlum Vul- 
gare or Hormastongue. It Is quite a 
troublesome weed in some parts of Vir- 
ginia and Maryland and the best way 
to get rid of it is to keep the land so 
crowded with smothering crops and 
mowing that the thistle has no ( hance. 
You can finally crowd it out in this way. 
Now as to preparing the land for rve 
next Fall. The best thing you can do 
Is to plow It early in the Spring, put It 
In good order and sow cow peas about 
the first of June at the rate of one 
bushel per acre, broadcast. Mow these 
for hay when the first pods begin to 
turn yellow and cure them for feed. 
Then prepare the land for rye with a 
disk harrow or cutaway, going over un- 
til the stubble Is perfectly fine. Then 
drill the rye In September or October. 
As to your second question, we would 
say that when the land is dry you can 
pasture the rye to advantage up until 
the first of April, and It will not injure 
it as a grain crop at all. 

Crimson Clover and Peas. — G. W. 
Allman. Gordonsvllle, Va. — "I have a 
fairly good stand of crimson clover* I 
am thinking of letting the seed ripen, 
and then working the soil with a cuta- 
way and sowing about half a bushel of 
cow peas per acre. I think that by this 
plan I can get a stand of clover for next 
winter, and let the peas lie on the land 
as a protection to the clover and to add 
humus to the soil. Do you think this 
a good plan?" No. we do not think it 
would be a sticcess. The peas would 
probaLly grow too rank and smother the 

'young clover. We have gotten a stand 
of clover sown among peas, but only 
where the peas were very thin on the 
ground. Where they were thick there 
was no (lover. We think that the better 
■ plan will be to mow the clover and 
I thresh the seed out. Then when the 
clover Is cut turn the stubble and sow 
the peas more heavily. Cut them for 
hay and prepare the stubble with the 
cutaway and sow the seed in the chaff 
thickly. It will take about 40 pounds of 
the seed In the (;haff to sow an acre, 
and they will germinate better than if 
cleaned out well. There is no doubt 
about the clover standing the winter In 
your se( tion. It stands much further 
north and In a colder climate. Crimson 
clover is generally sown too early and 
gets injured by the sun. We have had 
better success here from sowing in 
October than earlier, and you could sow 
in late August or early September, after 
the peas are harvested. Then, as we 
have often said, we do not believe it 
good farming to bury a crop that makes 
such fine feed as cow pea hay. Far bet- 
ter feed it and get the feeding value 
before making manure of it. 

Cow Peas in Corn. — "Would it be 
profitable to sow cow peas in corn at 
last working, and let them lie on the 
ground to be plowed under In spring for 
Improving the soil?" If cow peas do 
well with you it will certainly pay to 
sow them among the corn before the 
last working and cultivate them in. 
Then it will pay you, when the corn is 
cut to sow rye all among the dead pea 
vines to make a green winter cover and 
nitrogen trap and plow all under in 
the spring for other crops. 

Floats. — "I'lease tell me where I can 
get floats, what they cost and what per- 
centage of phosphoric acid they con- 
tain." You < an get them from dealers 
In fertilizers in Nashville. Tenn. The 
price we are unable to give, and we 
would advise the manufacturers to ad- 
vertise their goods. The percentage 
will vary greatly in different samples 
of rock. The Tennessee rock Is about 
the richest known and will contain 
about 30 per cent, of phosphoric acid 
in the insoluble form, or about 70 per 
cent, of the monobasic phosphate of 
lime. The floats are the natural rock 
finely pulverized, and are slower in 
coming into use than the dissolved 
acid phosphate. 

Lime Substitutes.— C. J. Kolbe, Upper 
Marlboro, Md.— "Is there any substitute 
for lime, as lime and freight are high. 
Stone lime will cost about 15 cents per 
I bushel delivered at the station and shell 
lime about 10 cents. Would it be ad- 
Ivlsable to spread air-slacked lime on 
; wheat when the ground is frozen, or 
I will it be better to let it alone till wheat 
} is cut and sow it on the stubble for the 
I benefit of the grass, as we cannot raise 
grass without lime. I can get gas lime 
for two and a half cents per bushel. 
I Which would be the cheaper for me? 
Would like to have the experience of 
readers of the P. F. with shredded fod- 
der. Does it keep well or make the 
mouths of cattle sore? Is the shredder 
and husker a success, and which ma- 
chine Is best? Also which is the best 
corn harvester?" There is no substitute 
for lime where lime is needed In agri- 
culture. If you can get stone lime, un- 
slacked. at 15 cents per bushel delivered 
you can well afford to use It. Good 

I fresh stone lime ought to slack with 
water nearly three bushels for one, and 
fresh shell lime two bushels. We would 
prefer the stone lime. Experience has 
shown that the old practice of putting 
50 or more bushels of lime per acre is 
entirely needless and that a much 
smaller quantity used more frequently 
is just as effective. We would get the 
stone lime and slack it with water till 
it falls and then would apply It this 
spring to the clover sown last spring. 
We have never used lime on wheat and 
cannot say what the result would be. 
From 15 to 20 bushels of freshly slacked 
lime will be enough to apply on the 
clover, and that is the place where we 
have always found that it pays best. 
Let the gas lime severely alone. It is 
apt to do more harm than good. We 
will be glad to hear from anyone in re- 
gard to shredding. We will say, how- 
ever, that the shredder and husker is a 
success and that the shredded fodder 
will keep in a stack. The McCormick 
harvester is the only one we have used 
and it does excellent work. 

Potatoes on Bottom Land. — A. P. 
Stewart, Katz, W. Va.— "I want to plant 
a piece of bottom land in potatoes, and 
want to use phosphate to grow the 
potatoes. How much shpuld I use per 
acre and what kind, and where can I 
get it? Land is black and sandy. What 
variety of potatoes should I plant for 
an early crop?" The kind of land de- 
scribed should make good potatoes If 
it is well drained. There is only one 
kind of phosphate .used as a fertilizer, 
the phosphate of lime. You probably 
use the term, as is common in some 
places, to mean a fertilizer of any sort. 
Of course these all have some phosphate 
in them, but it Is an error to call them 



This illustration was made from the 
photograph of a field of Timothy. 
The portion on the left was not, 
that on the right was, fertilized with 

Nitrate of Soda 

400 pounds to the acre. Every far- 
mer is interested in getting Che 
heaviest possible yield of grass. 

The latest edition of our Bulletin, '• Pood 
for Plants," mniains an excellent article on 
•'Qras* Qrowinir lor Profit." with proof 
that the yield ol barn-cured hay may be in- 
•'•*'ed 1000 pounds per acre for each loo 
pounds of Nitrate of Soda used, will be tent 
free to all interested. Send Dame on Pott Card. 

Wnj-IAM ». MTFIM, Director, 
1>l ^ohn Htrc-ct, K<Mtm IVT Mew York 


&II Advance Fence 

Oirict ta Firmsrs at Manofactorer'i Prictt. <» 


difficult Digestion 

That ia dyspepsia. 

It makes life miserable. 

Its sufferers eat not because they want to, 
—but simply because they muH. 

They know they are irritable and fretfiU ; 
bat they cannot be otherwise. 

They complain of a bad taste In the 
mouth, a tenderness at the pit of the stom- 
Rch. an uneasy feeling of puffy fulness, 
neadacbe, heartburn and what not. 

The effectuul remedy, proved by perma- 
nent cures of thousands of severe cases, is 

Hood's Sarsaparilla 

Uuoi>'8 Pills »re the b«it MthArtlc' 


an.l Thrennlng Knulnw, Haw 
Mills, Muclilnery unit full liuf 

, , „ ^^ of A({. lujpifUienta. Kr«e cat 

alotcue. A. B. rarqalaar Co.. 1,'i'd.. York, Pa. 


Thii plan not only saves you the niiddleman's 
profit, but at the same time gives you the best 
all round farm fence. Mnny heinhts to suit all 
farm purposes. Entirely interwoven. No loose 
ends to unravel, ruininy fence. Write t(Miay. 

yiiV^/iiy.'i? [.'V."J-!J wl>«n y<"i need it. 

Aj>V A!S<K Kl':><t': <0.. 141 l» Wi.. I'forla. IlL 




in feeding for milk are 
obtained by adding some 




to balance the ration. 

Sample and booklet 

'*Feed Your Stock for 
Best Results." 

Sent free. Write to-day. 

Address Department G 

The Rookery, Chicag*. III. 



' %^%^ :i n «. i(iu HOW T(il);> ri MNf) (OR 1 1 

w n«>>s < o spurNr.FiKi r>~oHu» 


It is easy to plant, but somethine 
mortj to properly care for a cnrden. , 
The amateur irardener, the flower 
sardencr and the market eardener 
who grow vegetables for prolit will 
each find in this 

"P)«Lnet Jr." No. 12 Wheel Hoo 
the best and most efficient carden 
tool ever offered the public. Cul- 
tivates all vecetables astride or be- 
tween the rows; deep or shallow; 
kills all weeds; breaks up the top 
ci'ust after rains ; saves the soil mois- 
ture, plows, opens furrows, etc. 
Adjustable to various width 
rows. One man can do more 
-**^ work with it and do it 
^^•asier and better than six 
"■■^ men can do with 

common hoes. 


Ther are to easy to handle that 
many boys and even girls operate 
them successftiUy. 

This ia but one of the fifty 
seeding and cultivating imple- 
ments which we make. The list 
includes plain and combined 
Seed bowers. Wheel Hoes, Hand 
Cultivators, VValkine Cultivators, 
and One and Two-Horse Riding 
Cultivators, Special Sugar Beet 
Tools, etc Our new iyo3 cata- 

lojjuclijust publlslifd. Itcuntaln* ovrr 
lOO illuttratiuns with full desi.rli>tioni I 
and prttej. It coMi ycu nothlnif nnj 
I will nuke you money. Write us furtt. 

8. I. ALLEV ft CO., 
Box 1711 Philadelphia, Pa. 

mmm jr. 


3 T0 13 y-zWmmt. 


1 1, '*>f«»f>«man ha* many rcMoni, too many to draJ 

lthel««tmoneyian»niy. You will fin.l the I. t«t catalog 

Maw KuitMly Sspsratera full of »hr««he/m»n . \;g\c \ 
aruumfnithil .oni.n^ci. Writ* u« for it. Mailed frw' | 




To be returned at my expense if not Batisfactory. 
The best pulverizer— cheapest Riding Har- 
- row on earth. We also make walk- 
ing Acmes. The Acme 
crushes, cuts, pulverizes, 
turns and levels all 
soils for all pur- 
poses. Made en- 
tirely of cast steel 
and ur()ii>.,'ht iron 

ld„. f ^"'f?^""'' »-'"'«• ••'^''^•^-^//—." by Henry Stewart mai7ed"?e?*''"*'*'"*- 




January 24, 1903. 

phosphate Commercial fertilizer is a 
better term. Potatoes need a fertilizer 
containing a fair percentage of nitro- 
gen and phosphoric acid, and a large 
percentage of potash. To make a ton 
mix 900 pounds of acid phosphate, 700 
pounds of cotton seed meal and 400 
pounds of muriate of potash. The grow- 
ers of early potatoes in the South for 
the Northern market would use 1,000 
pounds per acre, but they double and 
treble crop their land. You should use 
COO pounds per acre in the furrow 
You can get the materials from any 
dealer in fertilizers in Cumberland, 
Md., or Baltimore. Plow the land as 
early in spring as it is in good order to 
work, and plant early. There are a 
number of excellent early potatoes. 
Mauie's Early Thoroughbred we have 
found to be a first-class potato. Early 
Ohio is an old stand-by and Bliss's Tri- 
umph is largely planted in the South. 
The first named will give the largest 
crop. You can get the seed potatoes 
from Wm. Henry Maule, Philadelphia. 
Cow Peas and Soy Beans. — M. A. 
Dunlap, Academy. W. Va.— "Our latitude 
is 38 and our altitude 2,500 feet. Soil 
heavy clay and clay loam. Have tried 
cow peas several times, but they have 
failed here. Is it probable that any 
variety of the soy bean would succeed 
here. Our climate is about that of 46 
degrees on the seashore." Under the 
conditions named there is little prospect 
for the cow peas doing anything, as 
your nights are too cool in Summer. 
Lven in North Carolina in the high 
plateaus of the mountain section from 
3,000 to 4,000 feet above the sea the 
cow pea does not thrive, while it does 
thrive a long ways north of there at a 
lower level where the summer nights 
are warmer. We think that you might 
succeed with the Medium Early soy 
bean planted in rows and cultivated 
like corn. Cow peas will thrive north 
In the great corn belt, where they have 
the same conditions that corn likes 
best, but in a mountain section, where 
the summer nights are cool, they do 
not thrive. 

Addresses Wanted. — Arthur Stea- 
gall, Brownfield. 111., asks for addresses 
where he can buy acid phosphate. You 
can buy this from any dealer in fer- 
tilizers in St. Louis or in Louisville 
Ky or in Chicago. Fertilizer dealers 
and manufacturers should advertise 
their gofKl.s in the P. F., as we have 
many such inquiries. 

Bromus Inermis.— A. A. Wright Mis- 
sion Wash.-'I have a side hill slanting 
to the north, quite steep, which is too 
dry for clover, and I want to make a 
pasture of it. Would it be best to seed 
bromus inermis alone or with some 

Jirrn'^-t.^^^^^ ^ '^*>°">^« Smoothing 
harrow differ from a common lever 
steel harrow?" in such a location the 
bromus inermis should do well and 
make a strong sod. We would seed it 
heavily alone. The lever harrow 
ambunts to the same thing as the 
Thomas harrow and Is an improvement, 
as It can be set upright when needed 

w^oM S*"°"^ ^"""P- - *^- ^- Roberts, 
Washington. Ga.. asks our opinion as to 
the cotton props. He .says that the crop 
just over has been, with him. the poor 
P8t he has made in 60 years. His 
opinion is that the Department esti- 
mates are the moat reliable, as they are 
disinterested. There never was 7 sea 
Kon when it has been so hard to make 
a corr^c^^stimat« of the amount of cot 

notiJi'r "':"• t" °^^'' «^°'-^*-''- as we 
Cotton crL^^'^'^""^ "^^'' ^^^ State, the 
thP nth "i "^'^^ * ''^'•y PO""- one. On 

crop h.i,, b^en generally good. The est! 
was%nV'r ^f»-'tural Departm'e'nt 
H.^f J; ^»J" ^^'^ •''*'*«°"- nuite high. 
But a tf^r thP great drought had affect- 
ed a lar^^ part of thP totton countrv 
the Df^nartment estimate fell from 

Octojfe^th?^- ^"^ "'^''y ^^ P^"- ^«"t. In 
October the census report was for 9 678 - 

Zt tt'r nV''"'' *^'^ ^^^''"^te was sent 
out the mild autumn made an unsua 
production of the top crop, and a once 
the men who are interested in bearing 

I'ooo onn" 'r': ''"* ^''^" estimates from 
11.000.000 to 12.000.000 bales, and the 

Zf- u^'K^'"''^^'- '^^'^ '^onditlons are 
«o peculiar that it is merely guesswork 
as t_o What the total crop wiU be "[n 
'pxas the ravages of the boll weevil 
In some sections has seriously damage, 

the're'T„lH'"'""L''^ ^■'•«^- ^ne gTowe 
twn ho. ^ '"'^ ^^^^ ^^ ^0"><J not get 
two bales on 100 acres of land The 

meit«^";^r'''^^ ^^>- '""^^ the require 
ments of tho world this year for Amerl 

000 bales. One authority says that it 

The Practicat. Karmbr 

will be 300.000 bales in exgess of this on 
account of the great increase in the de- 
mand by home mills. The New York 
Post says that 'Should the crop fall 
much below 11,000,000 bales, and the 
worlds consumption prove no greater 

in r"Jnnn r^''^ ^e^^^ °^ approximately 
10,500,000 bales, the statistical position 
of the staple at the close of the season 
on September next, would be fully a** 
strong as at the close of the last sea- 
son," and would make the spinners of 
the world dependent on the realization 
of a good crop next season. From all 
the data we can gather we are of the 
opinion that the crop will not go over 
11,000,000 bales, and we give this as our 
guess, which may be as good as the 
other guesses. In fact, we think it a 
pretty liberal estimate. 

Propagating Dewberries.— Dr D K 
Briggs, Blackville, S. C— "Is there any 
other way for propagating the dewberry 
other than burying the tips? I have 
Austin's dewberry, and wish to increase 
my stock rapidly, and rooting the tips 
IS rather slow." If you layer the entire 
cane at this season we think you will 
get plants from nearly every joint. Or 
you can take up large plants carefully 
and cut the roots into pieces about three 
inches long, and plant these thickly in 
rows and cover about three inches 
Either method, we think, will give you 
new plants rapidly. Most of the dew- 
berries come fairly true from the seeds, 
and in this latter way you might get 
an improvement. 

Influence of the Moon.— A Tennessee 
friend writes that he knows that tim- 
ber cut in the new moon will last as 
long again as when cut in the old o' the 
moon. Timber cut in the new of the 
moon will sprout much worse than v/hen 
cut in the old of the moon. He cut 
sprouts and briars in the dark of the 
moon in August, and it came nearer to 
killing them than at any other time. 
He wants to have the experience of some 
who have tried the cold water paints. 
He thinks the departments are all good 
in the P. F., but he always turns to the 
Short Cuts first. Well, we do not think 
that it will do any particular harm for 
a man to believe in the influence of the 
moon in these things. But we never re- 
garded anything of the sort and have 
not lived long enough to decide whether 
timber cut in the new moon will last 
longer than that cut at any other time 
In fact, we have never consulted the 
moon in regard to any business trans- 
action and never expect to. We would 
cut timber and firewood at any time 
when the trees are dormant in winter 
and do not believe that the moon takes 
any notice of what we do in this matter. 
\Ve plant when the ground is ready and 
the season proper and if the moon takes 
any interest in our planting we let 
her take it. The moon is quite handy 
when she .shines at night and one wants 
to go about, but for any other purpose 




Thousands Hav^Kidney Trouble and 

Xever Suspect It. 

^%^vnT;^F''^ ^^^T"^ Kidney Remedy, Swamp-Root, Will Do 

for YOU Every Reader ol The Practical Farmer May Have 

a Sample BotUe Sent Absolutely Free by Mail. 

It used to be considered that only uriiiarv aii.l * 

bladder troubles Nvere to be traced to tJieki?,.ev; 
but now modern science proves la nearly ^Jj 
diseases have their besinnius in the dSer of 
these most important organs uisomer or 

is the'ir^itk''* "''"' ""** J^""^^' '^^ blood-that 

of'^oide^/^'l!;.:'''''" y^^V ^''^''^y^ ^'^ weak or out 
ot order, you can understand how (luicklv vonr 
entire body is affe.ted, and how every oJiJ^n 
seems to fail to do its duty ^ ^ 

fhy/**"//^. *'''''' '"■ "'■*^'''' hadly," begin taking 
the great kidney remedy, Dr. Ki iner's Swam ? 
Koot, because as soon as your kidneys are weH 
they will help all the other organs to health A 
trial will convince anyone "t^aiui. a 

for manv"khH';r*rr '^' ^'^"^^^ "« responsible 
lor many kinds of diseases, and if nermittecl t/» 

to Jollow. Kidney trouble irritates the nervew 
makes you dizzy, restless, sleepless and irJurb^' 
Makes you pass ;>ater often during the dav and 
obliges you to get up many timesdufing the r^ight 

ca^armh c^V ^HpM^h/'*"'^ .rheumatiiSi, g^i^ye ; 
caiarral of the bladder, pain or dull ache in thn 
back joints and inu.scles; makes your held ache 
fiver t'o'ilev'' '""r ";,^'«^^tiu?;?Htomac^h'a,^" 

makes von frP^Z'if * "l""'"' ^^^''"^^ complexion 
makes J ou feel as though you had heart trouble- 

you may have plenty of anfbition. but nostrSiJth.' 
get weak and waste away. strength, 

The cure for these troubles is Dr Kilmer's 
8wamp-RcK,t, the world-famous kidney reSy 
In taking Swamp-Hoot you afford natural he^ui 
^ature, for Swami>Hoot iHthemo..t perfect heTlei^ 

If there is any doubt in your mind as to 

condition, take from your urh.e on rish.g alnnU 

, four ounces, place it in a glass or bottle ami let 

J stand twenty-four hours. If on exam nati «i i J 

nnlky or cloudy, if there is a brick-dust s^thJor 

If Hinall parti<ie.s float about in it, youV kffiv; 

are in need of immediate attention ^ '^■^»«3« 

Swamp- IJoot is pleasant to take and is used 

i cii Is .??i"f ^»««P'^«'^ recommende<i by hy. 
sKians in their private practice, and is taken bv 
doctors themselves who'^have kidney ailments 
because they recogni/e in it the greatest a In 1!; 
JroSs"' """">' '''' •'^^-^' lUef rnd'blil 

i8\vhat tnn^'.rl'' '^•^"^■^"^^ that Swami>-H(K3t 
pmx^^"..T^'^I'"^'"" P"*-''^"^ the regular 



Kldn8y,Llver& Bladder 


"ir taki oae, twu or thr»f 
Imriooiifuli bcfi.rt or ifitr 
tiii-aUaud •tbrJlltlM. 
CU lUren I rM fciordlnir to *gt. 

Miy commence with «u.»ll 
JoKiudlnrniuw to full dow 
•t lii.irc, ai tb« ciH woulJ 
•win tu require. 

Thlf grmt r«ni»djr curt* ■!! 
Vul lroul,li.i ,3d dlkord.r. 
•In, to weak kldnr ya, am h a« 
• alarrh of the bladdr r, ifravpl 
rhfumatlitn. luoiLatfo an.i 
IlrwhiJaDlwaa,, wiikhlathr 
worst foniiof kldnrydlaeaae 

ltia[.|vauDt tolaVa. 



Sold by an l)ruKK'»ts. 

(Swamp-Koot is pleaHaiit to Uke.) 

llfty-cent and one-dollar size 

we do not pay any attention to the 
moon. If any of our friends have tried 
the cold water points we will be glad 
to hear of their experience. Plenty of 
clover and the mowing machine wilfkill 
briars and sprouts faster than any par- 
ticular time for cutting them 

bottles at thedrug storesevery- 
where. Don't make any mis- 
take, but remember the name 
Swamp -R,x)t, Dr. Kilmer's 
Swamp-Koot, and thea.ldress 
Hinghamtou, N. Y., on every 
EDITORIAL NOTP f"'^"'*"^ lue regular bottle. ^ 

Swariip-Koot, sent al.^SiJIe\^"fSe-lyraiVZ'*L%'*^'L'7[.f*^'^ ''"^*-'^b', 

Root, and containing many of the thouLad^M **'"V"^ "" «^^*'"' Svvi.mj; 

received from men and women wL,o«^^ '^'He™ 

to the great curative propXs of sramn l/o<'fr^\ '"''''^ *" '"? '^"^^^ ^•^rv liven, 
Binghamton, N. V., be sure S^y y^Z/i n.V- o^ "'■'^•">?il» !>'•• Kilmer & Co. 
Farmer. "^i" say you read this generous offer in The Practi<-ai 

klmi:,.'r7J'rt?irztr mo"''„u'fc":;r ':,Pr'"'""P»-ad« an 


Th« Old Rellab« | 



Mves Be*4, time, atrpngtto. 
<>*. all the iM-«lH. Alwaj. 

years. ' I 

Sower's Manual Free. 

allnnltntnitliwta. Ctfr. faraaral 
k»t. Ik WHt. for II u>.jaj. 


■ ** "«'■ Strrat. Antrim. S. H. 

w. KaollyadJuntMl. 
to lianilJH. W<'||;ha 

The Eclipse Corn Planter, ^j:!^. 

Prom the Factory— To the Farm 


and (ou.v 1)1 


When Hitching Up 

and house the farmer wants a 
»lep «»n(lable lijfht. 

UlC I £ Blizzard Untirn 

fits him exactly as to strength, clearness 

*^htC o^p,H ^''^h''- ""'"•f- trimming 
mov. L^t ?''°P.'V'^'°^' /o" "ever ^ 
l?v?U^i f o f ^^- I' '" ^'"-"^ lowerfMl and 
i>Uf?i '« '""•ner by convonientsi.le leTer 

sl^s iro^r"^'*°.1 '*"!'«' »» kinds Ind 
m^. : ""'.own the w..rld over f„r their 
many sup^ri.,r .lualities. Fr.-e illustrat!^ 

t>ecu for 00 years^R.ipprior to all others. 
85 Laif?,?'ltTiS"-N'*/w''^*or.. 

liiiplciiiontB iH our biisineBs. 
\V e make CORN PIavi-fr.* 

niac-h ne warranted strictly tirst-clas": ^ 

c.„ .1-^'*' '"**"" '" t''e»»anufarfurlnKbu«lneM 
since is,«; our iiuirblnes are u.sed in every nuS 
of the union. It will cost you onlVii ^staia 
stamp to write u.s what you need and ^VtSn 
save you many dollars. Write us todav 

ThI H. P. DEUSCHtR CO.? HTi^iL.OliIa. 

■o. It 

Iron Aw 

initlf Whcl 
Tl«». ilill and 1 
. Urill Vrd 

Iron Age 

„, Impleme«tshaveb«.irw»,i t,,„i 



lements have helped make crops 
arger, expense smaller. There's 
- loiif^ line of Iron Age tools- 
for farm and gar- 
den work — every 

one a winner I .^^ 

_ They are fully described in the" 

New Iron Age Book 

R*. « 

Tr«a /kt, 

, B -^r Hot 

•od CaiUtatvr 

Ha. It 

•ro» km* 
Wh»»l vw 
■ad taaii 


or a Lrel. Mr '^''" *''^ » q"«rter acre garden 
C JtZl * '""" •'"" '■'"' «"d thet,K.Jsyou 
V need described in this book. It i. rr««. 


»«. JO Inta Kn 

4 ombtnf.^ t' 

anil I II, 4 nh..i 



Box 101, 
Grenloch, N. J. 


'. <! 







January 24, 1903, 

Live Stock and Dairy. 

A Ur«-ut f'uiubluulioii. 

Whllf w«' k«f|i tins ileiHirliiiciit up to <latP on fltock 
aim ilulry multtrs. we k/Kjw th:il munvol unr ri-ii.l»-ib 
wuuld likf. Ill iiil.liliou, itii ixi'lusivi-ly .stuck imijrt. 
AiiKiiK tlifiii \vc rt-Kunl JIu- Hrwilir's Ua/.ttti-, of 
I'liiitjiHo, till- IraiiiiiK oiif. Wf liuvt- iiiuiN' uriuiiKf- 
lUfiiLs l.y winch we ittii n'liil llif J'. K and llif lireid- 
er'u lluzt'ttc- botli one \eur lor only <l.yu. 

Stock Queries. 

liiitttT DtM'N Not <-om<'. I would like 
to Imvf your oiiiiiion aboiii my < liiiriiiiiK'. 'I'lu' 
last iwo rliiiriiliit:s I cliiiriii'd on lor' llii-cf 
lioiiis iuid jitirfiidoii. d iliiiii. Ilavi' Imi oim' 
'•ow. i-oiiiiiij,' Irish ill .Mai( li. Mic Is a >;radt' 
Jersey .-iiid ),'ives, now, |ii ijiiaris jicr day. 
I fet'd clover hay, roi'ii slaik.s. hiati pods, 
four i|iiaiiK coin, on car. in inoinliij,' iiiid 
eiKliI Miiiil^ of raw |inlalocs al nJKlit. Salt- 
ed reiiularly and lias ninniiiji spritm water. 
Milk Is not li'i siaiid ovi r .'!ii lioiiis. and 
churn eycii' four iIm.ns. II;i\c had no ti'on- 
liU- heretofore. frei|iieni ly chiirniiiK in live 
luiiiiiies. and never over half an hour. 

y/"//;/. Miilt. J.,||\ .1. l|.\.\s. 

Would ilkc to ask wliy my cream is so 
liard to churn, and after cliiiined ilie butler 
will not j;ailier'.' .Mv <ream lias liecn this 
way ahoiii four weeks. A. IJ. M. 

JJmvsluiK . '/'iiiii. 

Hk'i iil/i hji If, Ktiirnrt.t 
Tho troul)I(' in both thpse rases is 
simply tiu' luw tcmiuM-aturo at whicli 
tlift cream is kopt diirinf,' tlio iiitcrvil 
between miikiiiK ainl diiirninK. Tem- 
perature iias .>~n. li a remarkable effect 
on the cream that it makes the gather- 
ing of the Imttcr, as well as sometimes 
the separation of the butter from the 
<rpam, (liirn iilt or impossible. Some of 
the troulile is due to the effect of cold 
on the (;ows t)y which the character of 
the cream is (handed from the ordinary. 
Keep the cows warm, give them once a 
day a warm mash, keep the milk at a 
temperature no lower than sixty de- 
grees, and ripen the cream l)y keeping 
It in a warm place and stirring it fre- 
quently, churning i'. at the same tem- 
perature; and if this is done the work 
will turn out the .same as it does in the 
summer. To properly ripen the cream, 
stir into two gallons of it half a pint of 
the buttermilk saved from the last 
churning, and keep it at a temperature 
of sixty degrees until it is properly 
soured: and when it is stirred it has 
a silky sheen on the surface of it. Keep 
to the same temperature during the 
churning. To r)ro[)erly balance the 
ration some kinds of grain food should 
be given, the best kind being wheat 
bran, or the gluten or cotton .s«>ed meal.s. 
Two pounds a day of either of these 
with corn meal and l)ran in equal pro- 
portions, will be desirable. Cows differ 
so much in appetite and ability to use- 
fully dispose of foods that it is" impossi- 
ble to give any distinct ration for each. 
This is to be established by trials with 
each to discover what (piantity may be 
consumed with moat advantage. 

<'ow« or Sheep. Whiehf I hnvo flftv 
n<res of old hill land ihu( is only lit for pas- 
turliiK at pres.'iit. and \crv | o .r at that. I 
also have over lou n( reH whidi lies wpII 
•'Ui.uRh lo l.rin;: Into mltlrntlon with lotj< 
«.r mannre and f.Ttlli/ers (If I had Ihemi 
>ow what I want to know is this; On thJK 
..n acres of idd hill are two never failliiL' 
Kinin;;s and it is an ld.«l plac lo run a 
(laliy of from ten t., twenty cows, r helleve 
with proper management a' dairy would pav 
lien-, of this sl/e A friend ma«le me this 
proposKlon : I to furnish this old li.dd f,,r 
pustiire. Iiiilhl n l.arn to liouse the cows nn<l ovei-ythbiK' to run the dairy. Includ- 

ing the cows, and he to attend the cows and 

<lo the milkiiiK and marketlnu the milk and 

huller, he to furnish nil the feed hut jias- 

tuia;,'e. The only ri;venue I aiu to receive Is 

^ the calves at two months of n^e, and the 

I muniire. I am not ac(|ualnted with the 

I value of the manure, so I ci/uM not answer 

him. 'I'his does not seem enough for the 

I amount I would have Invested. I'lease give 

^Dur idea ahoiit this. Is it enoii^di or not? 

The cowM would j;ei I lie henelit of all manure 

on lliis .">(» acres in the increase of pastiira;fe, 

of course. 1 will .sell him all the teed I laii 

spare, as 1 have jileuty of yood ground to 

Kiiiw It on, T. II. (Cliuv.w. 

Jl'ilikiim Co., Ky. 

(Ittply l,y Dr. Clalcn ^\^ilnon.) 
Vou would certainly not get sufflciont 
compensation for your investment. You 
furnLsh the pasturage, cows and shelter 
and the only return you get is the 
<alves an<i the manure, and in careless 
hands this would amount to but little 
in money value. Cows leave their ma- 
nure in heaps where they graze and this 
is a detriment to the grazing the first 
sea.son and of small benefit subsequent- 
ly. The manure which is made in the 
•staljle when grain is fed is very valua- 
ble if only jjroperly saved and cared 
for, and then applied to the pasture 
lands; but not one dairyman in twenty 
will do so. Why not invest your money 
in sheep. They will care for themselves 
when grazing, drop their fertility on 
the land and .spread it, too. The same ! 
money investerl in ewe sheep that you 
would invest in daii-y cows would be far j 
better for you. In cash returns they i 
would surpass that of tlie (!ows even ' 
•should you have all the milk and butter. , 


All Inquiries fur answers In this department should 
t)e sent to A. H. Alexander, M. I>. V. V. H., lOIS Davis 
Kt., Kvanstoii, Ml., who luui editorial charge of tbls 
Uepartuitfnt. All Inquiries reqiiiriiiK anHwer by mall 
uiuat be accompanied by a fee of (I each. 

.'tlliiiK t'livT. — I have a cow seven or more 
years of aj;e. She came in heat .so late that 
I let her Ko over a year, hut wanted her to 
eoni" fresh next sprint,'. Itiil she seems not 
to be In calf now. She Is the only cow we 
have and does noi show much sIkii of being 
In hent. She Is a fairly piod cow. What 
shall I do with her? She seems Inclined to 
cough some, and sometimes has a swelllnir 
under the ihiojit and then hrtathes hard 
Would be Klad if you would discuss the mat- 
ter In the r. I'. Is there much loss In (pian- 
tity of milk If a cow >;oe8 dry a vear or two? 

Oranijt Co.. .V. ). J. \\'. I'.m.mkii. 

(Reply hy Dr. Galm Wilson.) 

A cow at her age an<l In her condition 
would be unprofitable to keep. One 
could not depend upon her being a regu- 
lar breeder and milker. Besides, she 
possibly may be afflicted with tuborcu- 
losLs. Have a veterinary surgeon test 
her. When a cow goes dry a year or 
two. If a young one, there is not likely 
to l)e any shrinkage in her milk after- 
wards; but not so if the cow is of con- 
siderable age. 

.%ervuuN niMoriler — I have a tow with 

her sec 1 <alf: the last has been weaned 

two months. With her first <alf she kicked 
when milked a week or so, and was then 
gentle When her second calf came she did 
not kick more than any cow with new calf, 
until the <a!f was two or three months old; 
sue began to kick when calf sucked or she 
was milked. We weaned calf two months 
ago and thought she would get better, but 
she jjeis worse; It Is almost Impossible to 
milk her, and If she were not very easily 
milked It could not be done. Her u(fder and 
teats are perfectly sound, yet I know her 
udder Is sore and sue sulTers great pain 

when mllki'd, espedallv when tl lilk 

•comes down " or begins to tlow freely. She 
comes in heat oftener than any cow I ever 
.saw. and Is always at that time. 

.Marion. .V. r. <;. ( . (Utsi.r.w 

We do not think there is any real 
sorenes.s about the udder but a super- 
sensitiveness of the nerves (hyperaes- 
thesla) in the mammary glands. This 
is likely to jjrove incurable, as it is an 
inherited tioul)le. Try giving the cow a 
pound dose of ep.som salts In two quarts 
of warm water, and afterwards feed on 
soft mashes of bran, ground oats, a lit- 
tle corn meal and flax seed meal. Each 
time before milking hand rub the udder 
well and gently and see that the cow 
has a tempting meal In front of her to 
take up her attention. If this does not 
suffice then we would give her twice 
daily a tablespoonful of a mixture of 
equal parts of lluld extract of hydrastls 
canadensis and fluid extract of ergot, 
three ounces of each. This will prove 
curative of the leucorrhoea (whites), 
from which she is suffering and whicli 
may be a.ssociated with the nervousness 
complained of. At the same time It will 

AU Sick Ones 

Get My Help When 
They Ask It. 

It Is waiting for you. 

Just write a postal stating which 
book you need and I will gladly do 
this: — 

I will mail you an order — good at any 
drug store— for six bottles Dr. Shoop's 
Restorative. You may take it a month 
on trial. If it succeeds, the cost is $5.50. 
If it fails, I will pay the druggist my- 
self—and your mere word shall decide 

I know how other treatments have 
failed with you. 1 know how the sick 
get discouraged. So I don't argue my 
claims. I simply ask you to try my 
way at my risk, and let the remedy 
itself convince you. 

My records show that 39 out of each 
40 pay for the treatment gladly, because 
they are cured. Not a penay is wanted 
from the rest. 

I have spent a lifetime in learning 
how to strengthen weak inside nerves. 
My Restorative brings back that power 
which alone operates the vital organs. 
I treat a weak organ as I would a weak 
engine, by giving it the power to act. 
My way always succeeds, save when a 
cause like cancer makes a cure Impos- 
sible. And most of these chronic dis- 
eases cannot be cured without it. 

You'll know this when you read my 

simply state wblch 
book you want, and 
addreHD Or. Sboop, Box 
ft7T, Kadne, Wis. 

Hook No. I on DynpepRla, 
Book No. 2 on the Heurt, 
Book No. 3 on the Kidneys, 
Book No. 4 tor Women, 
Book No. 5 for Men, (Healed) 
Book No. 8 on Uheumatlsm. 

Mild cases, not chronic, are o(t«o cured by one or 
two bottles. At all druggists. - 



1^'or twenty years the WorUVs Standard 

Send for frea catalogue. 
The De Laval Separator Co., 74 CortUndt St., N.Y. 



There is no use taking chances on a liunp. You 
can never tell what it may develop. If you have a 
supply of "Kendall's" on hand you are safe from 
5pavin,Ringbone,Splints,Curband all forms of 

Lameness. The U. S. Army knows good things and buys only the best. 

Experlsnoe of a Government Teamstep. 

T> i> . .. J..-. W.i>:,,Der.In.l. Tct. n«.«I.l900. 

l>r. B.J. KendallCo., neuSIn:— lamateimslrremploypd 
I y the troveiaineni. 1 ha.esii iiiuU-5 and «ii hur^n un>ler mv 
larc.aiiil >¥ill say that I krcp Kenilall's .S|>.iviii Cure at hand 
•nil have used it with go«Hl rnulu, espci tally on Colliir 
Horf«, Hpralnrd Jolalnand Klckn, as it is ncit to liu- 

(i....cil.l» ... L*^.^ »...t_ f .. , I .^ ...... ... « .. 

, On tale at all driigniGte. Prica $1 : 
SIX bottles for %S. llnequ.iled lini" 
nient for family use. book "A 
Treatl5e on the Hurse." mailed 
free. Address 

I"issililet<j krepniiitrtln cl'jsc uuarten w<thi<ut some of them 
tfclUou Utked. Vouretruly, JAMkS H. lltNUkKSON. 


Enosburg Falls, Vt. 


..... THE 


7i'JldTb.'"j'" '''"''•'? "fu^antced to 

on his invcstuient than any otber 
separator will yidd. ' °^^^ 


I.s 11 very actlvo anil ihoroUKli 
T Ue LiaMrrence. WlllluHa Co., CleTeland, O. 

The EMPIRE 'If^,';.,, 

The Kaay Ri nnlnc Kind. 

will |1r« t>«lt«r iiallar.rtiuti, rnaks j<w mnr. 
i ttuttey ftntl iMt lonffer Ihaa %Xij other. Ouf 
\ bout ibswl wb;. h« 

I Empire Cream Separator Co. 

' ULuOMrULD, ^. J. 

Large English Berkshire Swine. ^f^p"^»-". •'"«" 

Prices (Ipfy (•<ini|'ftlllnn. 

lit li<-R<l ot hcril. 
S«>nd for cataliiKue for 1902. 
!S>w mdmn.T. lUd. 

COWS ^i.'v^ ABORT 

When tbey arefea 


It Kiv.s to the niothPr cow what nuiure requires to 
HiiMB II lu-tal lile: makes more and purer milk: no un- 
ntalthy olTuprliiKH. pnveiit attortlon wbfii ii rometi an 
an epidemic; •>i)tli ceiitiirv .ll^covery. Write for i.iirtl- 
culara. VOVNO'M FOUO CO.. Medl». P«. 


It (tets more 
better cream. 

It m.ikcs more and 
better butter. 

It takes luss time 
and labor. 

and cleans more easi- 

It requires less oil 
andfewgr repairs; 

»c, perfe, t.y made. Get free cauio^uc N,. la 
t hlr„., III. „,^ ^^^ f^ 

•*-y<2^n A.H . a»mr,tm b^for, ,«. ^„, /„, ^^ 

Scientific Grinding Mills 

srrinrl corn In the ear or 
„ - ifriitii in .iny form. 

Strong oxitct. rell.iM.. (-mIhIhv H rnHlled free 

POOH MFG. «'0.. MprlnKfleld, Ohio. 


Dehomlnig Knife » 

fniV.-,ti,e,le!,„rnii,^.„f. ml. simple 
and easy. ij|*f.iii.,n over in an In- 
itant; l.ut ■ moment s jaln. f lean 
.ni<, 1 dear r„f, »Hh n.. t>r'd«lnif 
oTLruihin^'. IIJi;)dy >ilucll>«to<.k- 
men. Fully warrantrd. 

!»■ T, PWIlllfl. rowtdflT. H 


I llonp and Hok Npiavln. RinKbonc, < urtt 

1 ThorouKbpln. .Xpllot. Capped llock. »4lio« 
Hon. Wind Puflr. Weak and Hpralned 
Tendoni* at.d all l.uaivncaa. 

< an !«• iipplieii iiiirInK h'.tU'wt weather. 
WKrk hortieconiliiUdUBly IfdeHlred. 
t'ureM wKbout acar, bleiii|..,h or Iosh of hair 
f, r,'."""r"M "" '^ ".♦•'"'•■ ^'"rroHlve Sublimate or other 

• ■hroiilc and neeminitly Incimible case!) In the art 
vanced «tuKe that have l»*n tlr. d •.: ,"3 Imei am 
eu're" "" "^ *'""«■•""'«• ••""'tively and permanently 

$5.00 PER BOTTLE. 

Written cnnrnntep with everv bottle, oon- 
striid.'d sol. ly to convltice. snilsfv nnd protect 
you fiillv. Til*' need orHecond lio'ltle Im alinoHt 
nni>rol)8l>leexceiit In rarest cases. <iiiarantee 
Cf»vers elfertlveness of one Itottle. 

9<.»> nt nil clrtiKKlstH and dealers, or Rent 


Also Manufacturers of VETERINARY PIXINE 

j tlie one scloiitlflc. .intlHer»tlc, nnfnlllnir, henllne 
ointment. |>o><ltlve|v enr'-s RcratcheN. trreu4e 
heel, s-eed cr«.k«, ho»r>ie ftiafes, nt.seeKKeK 
Horrs. rrncUed tent«. caked ba>f, cow |)0.x, lioof 
rot and skin dHeasec 

2 oz., 25c.; 8 oz.. 50c.; S-lb. pkg.. fli.OO. 
At all druggists and dealers, or sent prepaid. 

5^\ ^s. 



That means breeding cows. They have troubles peculiarly 
their own that re-iuire st)ecia I treatment. 


(For Cotva Only.) 
prevents cow abortion and cures barrenness, milk fever 
fue InVML''''"'' ««f«-' nnd a'«er birth dithcul ieT A pos'l 
rl w^"^^ I ^=7? dey«=loped from intimate knowledge of the 

, Z. A . P°*'*.''fed preparation, not a food, but a specific 
M;nedy to be mixed with food. Endorsed by all dairymen 


^^ , 

«11 I>e»lerg. 

AnyHorsema n 

of experience knows that there is no Liniment 
so efficient and absorbent and quick as well in 
its action as 

Sloan's Liniment 

It is not a cheap wash but a genuine 
pain reliever and scientifically cura- 
tive preparation, 

_Horwe wl»e. gOc. and »1 per bottle. Family ■!««. 2IW< 



January 24. 1903. 

be necessary to give local treatment and 
this will consist in injecting into the 
vagina once daily for a week, and then 
every other day for ten days, two gal- 
lons of milk warm water in which dis- 
solve half an ounce of tannic acid This 
is best injected by means of a 7-foot 
length of half-inch rubber hose with 
long nozzle attached and fitted to a 
. tin spout let into the rim of the bottom 
of a large, clean pail to be hoisted over 
the cow s back by a rope and pulley. 

. on.r'ir".i.s.?ar!.^-^;:i, ^^a'^,^ 
^;» ^%;^^^- g^"l;'i;.r';',::f •trS^'"^ 

one heifer. It seemed to I ' I hlne an,?^rew 
worse very rapidly ; .she u-,.s s.. n n, I ln« if,^, jaw, chin and ear. She was I eVivv Ji h 
calf. I did everythlnif i , J.iild ,'h u,r, f 7 u 
she grew worse. She would not 1 e dow,/ 

fii^t' atiack- Ihe fi'"'" r'^''' '''•"'•« f'^' 
ni-si nnaik. .she dropped t« her kne«w 

fcll^over on her side, dead, u.s if she had heen' 
A(-«.<7» Mill, Ark. *"• "• ^'•""-"^■'^• 

A post mortem examination would 
have been necessary to disclose cause 
of death. Death following so soon after 
attack might indicate some such dis- as anthrax, but that would have 
been accompanied by swelling and 
escape of i,lood from natural orifices of 
the Ijody after death. Another cause 
might bo rupture of a blood vessel on 
the brain due to blow or some such 
r^^M^'o"^"/^^ ^^^^^^^ '^ common where 
ratiin n? ^°".f ^'^ * ^"" '^^^h exclusive 
JopI no? ™* ?" ^''^'^ ^""«' but death 
does not usually occur, merely eye trou- 
ble and great emaciation and weakness 

FredvrickHhuro, Va. ' '" ^^- 0"""^^. 

^„'1^7^V"^^^/.' ^o-^a^f'd, are not usually 
due to trouble of the urinary organs 
but are caused by washing the legs dur^ 
Ing cold weather and allowing the ani- 
mals to stand in a draft. The legs 
should not be wa.she.l when horse is pre 

^'TViA\^''^Kl^^' ^"^ '^honld be 
ThiLio "^.^^ rubbing with sawdust. 
lut^J^"" \''T °^ ^^'^ '^•^^^^e which is 
due to blood disorder and tnis is charac- 

fiom the sores which is not present in 
ordinary .scratches. Such cases are usu- 
^"y f°"nd in heavy horses that a "e 

work"'or Pv ^"' ""' ^'^'^^ «"ffl<^i^»t 
work or exercise and it is most com- 
mon where the stables are dlrtv and 
badly ventilated. Poultice the 'aVted 
parts for two d«y« with hot flax seed 
meal renewing the poultices night and 
morning. If there Is a bad smelling Td 
charge mix a couple of tablespoonfuls 
of powdered wood charcoal in each 

ZtT{r .h''"" P""'»*'"« is discon- 
tinued dry the parts well then apply the 
following ointment freely: Flowers of 
sulphur, half ounce: spirits of camphor 
two drachms: compound tincture of ben 
2oin, two drachms: lanolin, two ounces; 
mix See that stable is clean and well 
ve^ntllated. Place horse in box sta 1 and 
give work or exercise every dav. StSp 

stitute bran mashes, carrots, hay and 
fodder. Give internally, night an 
morning, half an ounce of Fowler's soS- 
tion of arsenic for two weeks then ston 
;,^« "«^,«'--djiaIlly. Arsenic must Sof Ee 
discontinued suddenly. 

• !• 



This is 
Your Last Chance 





1728 by 

Vou can have 

The Saturday Evening Post 

every week for a year for only $ i .oo 

if sent NOW. After February ist 

it m\\ cost $2.oo. 

The Post is a high-grade illustrated 
weekly magazine, equal in tone and 
character to the best monthlies. 
Handsomely printed — profusely 
illustrated by the best-known artists, 
and filled with the best editorial 
thought and fiction. 

Specially strong jfeatures in business stories, and 
business special articles for young men, by all tlie 
leading Banlters, Lawyers, IVlerchants and Jour- 
nalists. Special contributors are Senator 
Beverldge, Hon. Grover Cleveland, IFilliam 

FSB'HJV^. ^^^^" ^^^''^* ^°"' ^^"^'-^^^ Emory 

* ^^ Sm*t/i, former Postmaster-General, 

and liundreds of others. 

Tlie Curtis Publishing CoBpiuiy 
PUIadelphiii, Pa. 



^*^ Distemper Pounder, Pneo- 

nionla. etc.. as ^vo/l as "ll ,.f Lameness. Contract- 
ed Cord, Curb. Splint, elS. 

Turtle's Elixir. 

Satisfaction euarnntepd or 
money rolim,!..,!. lj»ed and 


"Vot«rln*ryKxp»rlenoe"FIlFK "*-P»«e book. 

Dr. S. A. TUTTLH, 2» Beveriy St.. Bortoo m^ 


-~^ Wta.xh'io 

Kerpa <ow»<-|e«B. 

«wlni{.H lorwanl while KPttiiiii 

«lill^ Man.linif. Full imrticMj. 

Kf v^rlv St.. H„M..i,. Mhw. ' 

Crea.m Sepa.r8Ltors 

Write for free catalogue to-day 
lOKn '*"»*"«*" Sepmrator (Co.. 
^060 B«i„brldge.N.Y. 



^ ^^ 

Ii!Ht_Y»'"" Choice 

|^,K,«.,fuH K„,,„ n,.,l,. s.n. m 

'^"PI•^«. 9.n<I f.,r c.t.l„,. 
■^ W«9t»rn or-ltrt filled 

by the old 

mothod of tkimminK 

milk ig rank t,.liy. Wjih a 

Kallon.l Vn-mm Hcp.r.tor 

butter-fat you are now throwlnif 

nrTn''; n'J T"''/"-*"* bolh warm and 
cold n.llk. liBl.t or henry rrenn, and 
•kinit practically dean. We tend it 


ability to produc'tlfe cr^am f ^n^which ThTtS"' 'f " P'"'^^''^' *'« 
At this tneeting the i>utter tnarj^/^-r^ain '."SJatc"",;*^ ""*^^- 

x«<= .. ^'''"E HIGHEST 



10 First, 9 Second, and 6 Third Prizes winning 

A r^n, no, Wrojcfte^J, „, ./„„ .. ^,„,,.^ 

MORAL: Buy the II <j sr 
prodiu es the finest creatn buf at t^''" '^^"' ^^'^ ^^'^- '* ""^ only 
must thorough, for tlie' "" '*''"'' ^""^ '^^^ '^^ >vorlc thj 

for^il.?; 11!:,^.^^^^'^ "«'-'>« THE WORLD'S RECORD 

ror We.ern trade we 'rd^^^tei^Ef Sn^''"--"^ ^ «-»«. 





January 24, 1903. 

January 24, 1903. 






Mr. '!'. ori'iiicr. All urtli'li's fur, or i{U(;>itinnH rtlutlug 
Ui :t, Kli<jiilil Ik' sent to linn tit l.ii Sulle, N, Y. 

Current Comments. 

Veg'etfibles "Running Out." — J. 
iJicks, of Nt'W Uithuiond, 0.. says he 
has set out a piirsnip for s«'(m1; some 

' suits and I would thank you to suggest 

•what fertiliz«'r, how much and how and 

-= when to bo applied, I nvad. The garden 

ThiH III partment is iiinU'r tii • <iiitoniii ciiHrKe ol |m.s heon liberally manured with cow 

manure for the past ten years; last 
year I used some kainit. I fail especial- 
ly on tomatoes. I make a good plant, 
but practically no fruit." This seems 
to be a home garden, being a quarter 
acre in size, and planted with all sorts 
of vegetables. If I knew more particu- 
scattered secNls giew and bore s-eed lars about it, especially which vegeta- 
again. lie wants to luiow whether by I bles succeed and which do not, and how 
such contiruH'd iiropaKiition tin- parsnips they are planted, I might be able to tell 
will return to the "wild form." Ail, or what ails this garden, and how it should 
almost all, of our present vegetable j be treated. Probably most vegetables 
vaii»'lj<'S are thf result of evolution in do very well, and I see no reason why 
the direction of iiiiprovenient. • If left they should not when the land has annu- 

to theinsehes, to battle with unfavor- 
able natural rondirions wliich ye&r after 
year prevent their full development, the 
evolution must, of course, be in the op- 
posite (lirertioi), i. r., towards degen- 

others; and this is true of some varie- 
ties of gooseberries. Mulberries root in 
the same way, though in my own ex- 
perience I have but little success with 
what are called the everbearing sorts. 
These, espet;ially the Downing, seem op- 
posed to being Increased in this way, 
but they yield to layering. 

But few persons think to try apples, 
yet, as a rule, they root very well from 
cuttings. There is many a choice sort 
its owner desires to increase, a desire 
he could gratify by making cuttings of 
thrifty young shoots and treating them 
as recommended for the small fruits. 
Hut while a foot in length Is about right 
for the small fruits, I think 18 inches 
would be better for apples, setting them 
six inches deep in the open ground 
when the time came. 

ally been well manured with cow ma- 
nure. The trouble with the tomatoes, 
probably, is that the soil is too well 
supplied with organic plant foods for 
tho tomato varieties i)lanted, or the 
eracy, and linally laud them back into ' space given to each plant. Some varle- 
the state fmiu whirli they originally ties, when planted on rich soil, make an 

came from wht-n man took first hold excessively lai'ge amount of leaf and ^*>"^'' <'>nimi'ri ial pcaili growois set larjre 
of them. Von wiirprobably be able to stalk, and when crowded, will refuse to I :i:.;:;fli;.'j- .;;.^,;^'';;^-'^„,'Jt^/'^^^^^^^ ^-^^^ 

grow fairly Kood i)arsnipH from seed , set fruit. In fact, this is llie case with of tin- yiniv What l8 the best way to |)ioi)a- 

Horticultural Queries. 

SeoilIinKT reach Tr«*eM. — Does It pay to 
si't si'oilllnt; jMiK It tri'PsV If not. wLy do 

gathered for a long .scri'-s of years from : most of our standard main crop sorts. I f''"'t' '""'•"f*'';; B. <-'• (iUANr; 

plants springing up from self-sown seed i In order to make them produce a large I '''"""'"'• J^"''- 
in your garden. Hut the tendency of I amount of excellent fruit, on such soil, | * ^ach trees of named kinds can be 
the roots, linally. will be to grow small- ■ I would refrain from furt»-er applica- *^ought at such a low figure that, though 
er, more scraggly. How long this pro- ; tions of organic manures, and in place r''-'*"^^'"^ peaches arc often very good, 

the custom is to plant named kinds. 

Free to 

A Priceless Book 5ent 
Free for the Asking. 

Piles Cured Without Cutting, Danger 

or Detention From Work, by a 

Simple Home Remedy. 

Pyramid Pile Cure gives instant relief 
and never falls to cure every form of 
this most troublesome disease. For sale 
by all druggists at 50c. a package. 
Thousands have been quickly cured. Ask 
your druggist for a package of Pyramid 
Pile Cure, or write for our little book 
which tells all about the cause and cure 
of piles. Write your name and address 
plainly on a postal card, mall to the 
Pyramid Drug Co., Marshall, Mich., and 
you will receive the book by return 

cess will take, or how long it will be j of this, in your (, I would give a 

> I dressing of lime, or poF 
say, and I don't bi-lieve there is any hor- j with or without 

Strawberry Plants. We have tbem true tOAnme 
Mil KiKwii Oil new Kruuiid, coiiafquentlv. are hialtby 
ami strung. H, nd for dr. Addrrta Krultriil Plant Vurmt, 
Joha LIchtfbot, Prop., Sherman Helchta, Tenn. 

safe to plant such seed, 1 am unable to j dressing of lime, or pcis.sibly coal ashes, ^'°" mipht set out a hundred seedling j — 
say, and I don't bi-lieve there is any hor- 1 with or without wood afches, or if not ' Peaches and have the greater number j yjl 
ticultural expert at the present day who j lime, no to 100 pounds of dissolved rock j ^'esirable kinds. On the other hand it T.'d.rd v.r,e,i.,. 11.75 1« $300 per iow.'g., m/h.nd.oVe 

Millions of Strawberry Plants. 

could prediit with any degree of cer 
tainty in how many years' time a good 
parsnip could, Ity neglect, be made 
worthless for cultivation. The only 
safe way of growing seed, or parsnips, 
as well as all other vegetables, is to 
select the i)erfe( t specimens for 
l)ropagation. That is what our seed.s- 
men are. and should be expected to be 
doing in the growing of seeds. 

Commercial Citron. — A. Lemon, of 
Los Angeles, Cal.. asks how to preserve 
or candy citron for llavoring purposes. 
The commertial citron is made from the 

(I'OO to 400 pounds per acre); then got I ""Kiu result in the opposite way and 1 e»taio>:i« before jou tu,. u. uuiiTrooT, ch.«t«io«is«. T*.na. 
the plants five feet apart each way; or I ^*^^ majority might be inferior sorts. 

if set closer together, trim the plants . - — - 

to single stalk and train to a stake or | ^■^^"^■«-^- ^"^1 ' often let a seedling grow J*. ♦|»nd«-^-B^^^^^ 

ct varieties like I "P ^o see what it will come to. I have | Kl^V^jTw". rARKS 

There is always interest in taking CHOICE BARRED ROCK COCKERELS 

pole. Or you may select _ , 

Earliana or any of the dwarf kinds ! "**^*''" "'*" one superior to named sorts, 
which do not make so much vine i "^^ "^^'^ '^^^ ^^''^ good fruit from some 
growth, and in case of Earliana. thin | ^"^ ^"""^ "o^ "^^^V Jpslr^ble. If a ques- 
out part of the fruit as it usually sets : V°" "^ ^'"''^^ ^°'' family use or orchard, 
too freelv— so freelv, indeed, as to kill '' ^ should set out named kinds. Nursery- 
the plant by overbearing. Try applica- i "'^" '^^ ^^^ ^^^ ^^rge quantities of seed 

ItW-eK strain. Strong, 
arred. farm ralpc'l stock. 
KS. Altoona, Pa. 
Huecesaor to U. F. Cox. 

tions of lime (either freshly burned or 
air-slacked, or even gyp.sum) or super- 
phosphate, leaving out the usual dress- 

thick rind of the citron fruit. Perhaps ing of cow manure, for a year, and this 

for all your garden vegetables. Should 
they, in course of the season, show the 
further need of plant foods, give a dress- 
ing of nitrate of soda or some complete 
high grade fertilizer, applied between 
the rows, and well worked in the soil 

some California or Florida reader may 
be able to tell us the procpss. 

Italian or Black Bees.— (}. W. Wini- 
ker, Gibson. O. — "A lady neighbor, the 
other day. told me that before she got 
Italian bees, she always had plenty of 

honey, and more than the Italiatis have | with hoe and cultivator, 
made, and the black bees were not near- 
ly so cross. I would like to know if this 
is correct, and to have the experience 
of a number of P. F. readers." It seems 
to be well established that Italian bees 
are better defenders of their homes 
than our old black bees, and consequent- 
ly they may appear ( ross at times. But 
our experienced beekeepers handle the 
Italian bees just as easily as the black 
ones. Italians, if given the same chance. The family of begonias has long been 
and when in the mime condition, proba- 1 known as one furnishing some valuable 
bly store as much honey as blacks. The sorts for window use. There is a sec- 
latter, however, often produce a smooth- tion in which hand.some leaves are the 
er and whiter looking comb honey than , chief feature, another where the flowers 

Thin depHrtnifnt la under the edltoriul charge of 
Joseph Mi-t-han. ii» Pleu-sant St., Germantown. Pa. 
All letterfi. inquiries and requests should t>e addressed 
(o him aa above. 

Begonia Olorie De Lorraine. 

lings In the sense you mean. They set 
thousands of them, but they are for 
budding. The seedlings are set in rows 
as soon as they are well above ground 
in Spring. By September they are fit 
to bud. No one grafts them. The 
Spring following budding the tops are 
cut off to just above the bud, which is, 
generally, just above ground. By Fall 
there is a nice one-year tree for sale. 
Currants are propagated from cuttings 
of the past season's wood. Make them 
about nine inches in length, and set 
them out doors early in Spring. If 
made and planted in early September 
they root readily, often by the time 
Winter comes. 

TREES ^^^ ^J" T«st-78 Yean 

^ I AK|V — ' i.ABOE8T Hurwry 

^AlfV „, Fkctt Book free. WeHAV CASH 
1*11' Want MORE Salksm ■'"" — 
W STARK BROf . LtmltUu. Mo. 



•• Stindird »nd i uipruved varieties of Kupbcrries. 
H;.u:kbenif5. Gooselierrits, Currants, Grape*, Strawl>crrics, 
•tc Erirj plut itrowo wd (tu>r>ciUrd t<5 iiM ttbiuanljolMD. tltorouf. 
wall ruuwd, ffMb dug l^lftou th»i fflrt rsiulu. Writ* fur lau ofttaiuf. 

Allen L. Wood, Wholosale Grower, Rochester N.Y, 

Horticultural Notes. 

Stukinv Frnlt Tr.*eH — After planting 
a fruit tree st-f that It gct.s a stake If It 
wants one. Mnny «r the lennlnj? over or- 
(harfl trees are evldeuce of bad maiiap'tnent 
In this re.sjieit. 

I.lly €if thf Vnll«'j'.— When one has an 

0|>en \voo(l;f. the lily of the viillev niav be 

the Italians, owing mainly to a different j are chiefly considered. The one named I T^'lt " l/^^r^rire' Ha,lVs"a;e1o,'/„ u\ l±o' 

niethod of capping the combs over. Let | Glorle de Lorraine has become extreme- 1 "'"' '"""' ''!• <'«•'.*■ .vear thereafter. 

us hear from beekeeping readers. ] ly popular, though it has not been In ' Vurifwateii I'lontn.— What are known 

Soot. — Corn Fodder. — Altering a i commerce very many years. F'lorlsts 
Hog. — L. .J. Chapell. Kldorado Co.. Cal. ' saw its merits, and grew it largely for 
— "1. For what crop Is soot from the Christmas and Raster trade, the former, 
stove and stovepipe most valuable as a | principally. The flowers are light pink! 
fertilizer? 2. When Is corn ready to | and are borne In the greatest profusion 
cut for fodder to feed dry to stock? | on qiUte small plants; and It is very 
3. How long after altering a 200-pound much at home in a sunny window. It 
fat hog will he make good meat?" : certainly Is a most desirable Winter 
1. There l.s almost no fertilizing value flowering plant, 
in soot. It is claimed, however, that by «. , -, ... _ ,^. 

mixing It with rotted sods, etc.. for | '"'^^^ *^r'^"» ^0™ Cuttings, 
potting soil in which roses are to be 1 What are known as small fruits in- 
grown, the plants will show a great Im- elude the gooseberry and the currant, 
provement In thrift and bloom. 2. Corn ' These are sold for a few cents each by 
should be allowed to mature the ears. ' those who grow them in large quantl- 
When planted so thickly that corn will [ ties, making It almost unnecessary for 
not form, the stalks are not worth much one to raise them himself. But there 
for fodder. Give the plants room enough I are many who are too far away from 
to tlevelop at least what are called "nub- ' those who sell them to make the pro- 
bins." and let them get ripe. In that curing of plants an easy matter, and the 

as variegated plants. weepinK trees and other 
altmiinial forms, known as varieties, laiely 
• otne tnie from seed. Many exjierlments In 
this line prove that but few come of like odd 
I haintter. hut are of ilie original type. 

Arlior Vlta«*. - .\monjr arhop vltsps the 
k'lobe like forin.s are very useful for plauttu); 
near dwellinks. Some of them are of siirh 
slow growth th.nt they add but an ln<h or 
two a year. Some are golden tinted, others 
chanjce to a bronze color In autumn 


The Valley Kiiriner wiint.f names and midressea of 
farmers «n.\wlivie In the V. S. Tliey want to get 
them interested In their b\g farm iiiaKazliie. which 
now haM a circuliiiion of tiyer 1im),oiio copies and Is 
BcknowledKe<1 to be the best farm paiwr in the West 
Thesubwcrlptioii prlc* N .Vk-. per veur. hut If you wlli 
send them tlve fHrmers names and adilrexses and 
I ten cents in stumpM or hllver tliev will enter you as a 
, subscriber fully paid lor ii nhole year. Address 
Valley ruraser, 80WaahlBBtoB HCChlcas*. 


Hardy itocit and very early. Fruit 
larifcrlch and creamy white with a 
sun kissed Mush. One of the very liejt 
rarietles. Free catalog thuwsMaal* 
Uoa«< Elbert a and many other 
• choice varieties. Write fur It. 

Merrlten'i WnniflM.ioi JO.Ssrlln.Wl 



Over Forty Years' Exi)erleuce. A GU-paKe 
Ijook— not a catalogue. .Mend ten cents tor a 
copy; read It, then return Hand getyour muuey 
back If you want to. 


Box 1011. Cuyahoga Falls, Ohio. 


And other Insecu ran ^>f Controlled by Cslng 


Caustio Potash Whalt-OII Soap No. 3. 

It also prevent* Curl l^af. Kndorsed bv Entomolo- 
gists. This soap is a Fertilizer as well as insecticide. 
.'*0-lb. Kens, #2.50; lOO-lb. Kegs, f4.50; Half Barrel, 
270 lbs. 3Hc. per lb.; Barrel. 425 lbs., 8'«c. Large 
quantities. Special Kates. »*end for Circulars. 
J AM EH (iOOI). 
989-41 N. Front St.. Philadelphia, Pa. 

condition the fodder Is first-rate, green 
or dry. For silage, the rorn Is usually 
planted far enough apart that It will de- 
velop large ears, and it is cut when the 

prodiuing of a few from cuttings would 
be desirable. Both the gooseberry and 
the currant are fairly tractable in the 
way of rooting from cuttings. Currants 

ears are just beginning to glaze. 3. Not made into cuttings and set out In late 
much can be gained by altering a fat summer will be rooted before cold 

hog. The proper age to do the job Is 
when the plga are very young, a few 

weather comes. At this season of the 
year cuttings may be made. Kept in a 

weeks old at most. If allowed to grow ' moderately cool cellar until spring and 
older, before altering, the operation I then planted out of doors, the greater 
should be performed before the pig Is number will root. About one foot 
fattened. It will then make better ! lengths are right, using the growth of 

meat. If once fat, you might as well 
kill It without torturing It by a useless 
and cruel operation. 

Managing the Home Garden. — A. H. 
P., Savannah. Ga.- "My garden, S.'ixCO 
fe«"t. of a light gray, sandy soil, has 
been planted in vegetabler. for about ten 
years. It has not given satisfactory re- 

the past season. Rury the cuttings in 
the cellar, in damp soil, burying the 
whole but a few inches of the top. Set 
them outtloors as early in spring as the 
ground will permit. 

Grapes may be treated in the same 
wav, though it remains to be said that 
certain sorts root less readily than 


Oit 11 Munii's Mtxiei Bone Cutter 
^r. MANN CO.. Box 1« M lirord, llaaa. 


IT 18 

when buylns to buy a lua- I 
chine that do,'!i the work 
riKht — thstrleiiiii>lt»iitniltier | 
Btil<inialli'nlly »lih a tirviab. 
nii«<ii ll<|iii<l me<■h^ni<■nlly «o 
tliHt toliace Is never buinrd. 
but (rets its due proportion. 

The Oarfield, 
Empire King, 
knd Orohard if onaroh 

d<i th«'»e thinirs. They throw 
the fitii »f sprny.areeiiKlestln 
the wrrk and they never rioir. 
Vou ouirht to Ktinw more 
about them. Write for In- 
struction book on spraylntr, 
formulas, etc. Mailed fr»e. 
e I tth SI., Elmlra. N. V. 

Great Crops of 


And How to Grow Them 

The t>est book on strawberry growing ever written. 
It tells how tngrowtbe biggest crops of big berries ever 
prodii.ed. The lK>ok Is a treatise on Plaat 
, i*liy»jloloKy Hiid explains how to make plants bear 
KiK Berries und I.otM of Them. The only 
tli'ToughbreU Hclentlflcally grow n Mtrnwberry 
Pinnta to lie had for spring ptantlng. One of them 
W worth Hd<i7.en common scrub plants. They grow 
HiK Red Berrlca. The book l« sent free to all 
renders of the Practical Farmer. Ktnd your address to 

MLK(llon,ThrM RIvsrt, Mlohlftn 

Get the Best 

A Gao«f Spray Pump earn* bis 
profltii and lasts for years. 


Is a good pump. As prao- 

Ical fruit growers we 

were using the oom- 

inun sprayers In our 

own orchards — found 

1 their defeotH and then Invented 

I The Krlipse. It* suooesi 

! practical ly forced us Into man- 

i ufacturinsT on a large scale. 

• You take no chances. Wehara 

i done all the experimenting. 

Ixtrne f\i(tv ttluttrattid 
Cntnlogve and TreatlM 
on ayraning—fHEE. 

MORRn.L A moRLEY. Be»to» Hark«r. MIek. 

AsaleaM. — The beautiful azaleas which 
are so much admired for their in dt"'.r- 
ating chiiicheK und hoineH at Kaster time 
are not hardy lu the latitude of I'hiladelnhla' 
except one. the old .single white. This 'lives 
out without protection, In sheltered places 

Fruxfn Treeii. — 'I'rees received In a 
frozen state, whether In hales or boxes 

R||<1I|I<I 111. II ai'Uil ii< o , I .1 .„ "v'JV^-r.. 

Thb Practical Karmer 

Winter Eggs. 



Bhould bo placed in a cool, shady place free 
from ulr. wln-re they may thaw ^nt Kiadu- 
ally. Kxi)()sure to heat and IIl'Iii when In 
this condition kills them. To bi.iy riiein im 
completely In a heap of aollfo^a^ few days 
Is a good practice. « ^".w uu^s 

Feed a Variety. 

A correspondent in Western Pennsyl- 
vania takes exception to our statement 
that corn is not a complete food for 
fowls and says he feeds it regularly 
and that the fowls seem to like it. That 
is quite probable and yet the corn not 
be a satisfying ration, because it con- 
tains an excess of carbohydrates and is 
low in protein. Our friend will find 
the idea excellently well expressed in 
Mr. Terry's Health Hints on the first 
page of the P. F. for Dec. 20th. In that 
paper Mr. Terry answers a farmer's 
Wife who says she don't take any stock 
In his statement that a person can be 
full and still half starved, because she 
practically made her supper of baked 
potatoes with butter and salt on them 
and was fully satisfied. Mr Terry 
goes on to explain that a person weigh- 
ing 140 pounds would need 4.2 ounces 
of protein per day and to get that quan- 
tity ^rom potatoes, butter and salt 
would have to eat over half a bushel of 
potatoes per day! Rather "a stunt" 
And think what a condition the person 
would be in which such an overplus of 
starch In his (or her) system would 

I?,TniT f^ '^ \^^ ^''^^^ difficulty with 
such ill-balanced rations. Our friend's 
<orn Is rich In carbohydrates, and in 
eating sufficient corn to supply the crav- 
ings of the system for the various food 
elements the fowls would become gorged 

costly food, just as the woman's half 
bushel of potatoes a day would be. Far 
I^mJu ^^^ * ^^''^^y of S'-alns. and es- 
anee th ^ ^""f^^"^ °' "roughage" to bal- 
ance the ration; and that one argu- 
ment, of Its being cheaper, should Tt- 

food?J";t^'''""H-. ^°''" *« ^" ^'^^^'•^nt 
«nH 1 '' *! balanced" by other foods, 
and there is no grain that makes .so 

tip otT ^^ ?'"■ ^"^ '^ •''^»o">fi not be 
Ji»T^"fi7 ^''^'^ ^"y '"O'-*^ than pota- 
toes should be the exclusive food of men 

fhp Jh™^?- ^ ""^''^ ^oo'l addition to 
the ration is wheat bran, which goes far 

p'*?„^ 7'" ^Ti ^ ''°«'^«^ ™ash of equal 
parts by weight of corn meal, wheat 
bran and finely cut clover hay. with ten 
per cent, meat meal added, he will make 

A «Hn^hntl ''l"^'''' '^"o" f"'* bis fowls. 
A still better balanced ration Is given in 

ber S'''^ '^S'"™'^ ?' '''^' same^Dec",;?- 
Der 20th P. F.. and one which it has 
been proven is a good ration for mak- 
Jll.J^^- , ^' y°" "^^"t the fowls to lay 
eggs in winter don't neglect the animal- 
food part of the ration. In surnmer a 
flock of owls running at large about 
lor^^'™, buildings pick up quantities o 
TJiTi ^^'' *"'^'"^«' «t^' but in win- 
is ctfoVhv7J^"^ ^"PP'y °' '"^^t food 
ff.f .".^^ ^^^ worms, insects, etc.. re- 
iLn I i"^° ^^^ ground, and the fowls 
can find none. It is then that we must 

eggs %om'e 'f?''"'^ 'I ^' ^'""''^ »»--« 
eggs. Some farmers have bone cutters 

and get a few cents' worth of fresh 
bone of the butcher a couple of tirnes a 
week, and cut It up for the flocks! i? 
makes a perfect animal food and is 
much enjoyed by the fowls. Romaine's 
K^ u ? "•• ^^ beef scraps, which can 
be bought of dealers In poultry suppl e" 
are perfect meat foods, and can be added' 
u) the mash as recommended above 
pon t expect the fowls to lay eggs un 
ess you give them. In the food, the ml 

e'er a'ni^' ^^''^^ ^° ""^^^ eggs ; and ?t 
with IJ^ P?^^ ^"^ ''*' ^hat this winter, 
jvlth the prices that eggs are selling for 

he, nVr ^)^\ '^''^'" *« ^^^^' but the 1 
cnSn^'^i'^? °^ ^''^««*^-* PO"ltry and eggs 
thPr. I'^^'^r? that, and certainly 
tw ^ P":""* '" ''«th this winter. And 
these good prices for poultry and eggs 

^ort all 'I '°":i"""- '"'^^ «upply^ls 
Short all over the country, and with 

WonJ°*"i' Increasing both because of 
of othJl ""! PpP"'at'"n and high prices 
«L^, "^ '.***"* supplies, there is every 
promise of continued good prices. 

The most successful winter poultry 

?o°.'Jf K*"^""" ^^"^ ^^« a big open straw 
cattle shed. The shed had been covered 
direct from the stacker of threshing 
machine. The roof, north side and ends 
were several feet of straw and chaff, 
borne 30 head of cattle were in the shed 
and yards nights, and running in the 
corn stalks daytime; besides, there was 
a hog trough In the yard where the 
shoats got their daily slops of bran 
shorts and waste vegetables. 

I was a boy at home with "Dad" and 
Ma" at the time. My father believed 
HI being liberal with salt, the cattle had 
their salt box and all the slops for the 
swine was seasoned with salt. I remem- 
ber that an argument was up as to 
whether the fowls would get too much 
salt at the hog troughs. Up over head 
in this shed were a variety of poles and 
brush that served to hold the straw up 
Hock after flock of the early hatches 
took up their roosting place in the cat- 
tie shed and by cold weather* the regu- 
lar hen house was almost entirely de- 
serted. Some 150 hens, mostly early 
pullets, were roosting in the cattle shed 
by Dec. Ist, and the daily output of eggs 
was from five to eight dozen, and it con- 
tinued all winter. When the weather 
got colder and stormy days came, the 
cattle were fed, in racks, clover and 
timothy hay and millet hay, corn fod- 
der etc. The cattle were continually 
working down some of the straw shed 
and finally the shoats went to sleeping 
in the litter. The old straw shed 
seemed to be tho home for most every- 
thing that could get into it. Even the 
flocks of quails made daily visits and 
worked with the hens in and around 
the yard and shed. I do not remember 
a single ailing fowl all winter and when 
spring came, they were bright and 
ready to hunt in the nearby grove and 
orchard At the time. I looked at all 
these things as a "matter of course" 
but since I have grown older and read 
and listened to up-to-date methods 
scientific ventilation, jim-crack feeds 
and sanitary poultry houses, my mind 
wanders back to the old straw shed, its 
simplicity and its success. I have final- 
ly made up my mind that lots of up-to- 
date poultry theories are more theoreti- 
cal than practical, and that if it was 
possible for all poultry raisers to have 
an old straw shed, that chicken doctors 
and remedies would not be so popular 

*? m? "^""f • ^ **" ^ "'■™ believer in lots 
of litter for fowls to work in. also a 
variety of feeds and unlimited pure air 
Mill more. I believe fowls should have 
plenty of salt and water. Stop and 
think of it, an egg is nearly 80 per 
cent, water; the hens must have water 
in abundance and unlimited exercise 
and pure air. Yes. salt will kill fowls 
and it will kill stock, too. but it will' 
kill nothing if it has been managed 
carefully. Sunshine and pure air were 
made for fowls as well as other life 
and while it is so cheap why be stingy 
with it? Straw, chaff, leaves or other 
kinds of litter are enjoyed by 
hens just as much as a pond of water 
is by ducks. The water may not do the 
ducks ariy particular good, but plenty 
of dry litter does the hens good- the 
scratching in the litter keeps the hens 
warm and healthy; besides, the litter 
absorbs the moisture and keeps the 
ground or floor under It warm. In 
l-f"! , 1? poultry houses we should 
study the hens more and ourselves less 
Clay Co., Xcb. 


In a Restaurant. 

A physician puts the query "Have 

rant at lunch or dinner time the large 

he tables; men whose ages run from 60 
to 80 years; many of them bald and all 

Sr^'e'i Uer^'- '"' "°"^ °^ '""'^ '^^^^ 

as^to''h?vl ^^^ spectacle is so common 
as to have escaped your observation or 
comment, but nevertheless it is an ob- 
ject lesson which means something 

ol, f.n" ""''" "''^'*'^ ^'hat these hearty 
old fellows are eating you will observe 
that they are not munching bran crack- 
thro.."..'' ^'"^"'^ P""^'"^ their way 
yt u\^l "", '"^"" ^^'•'J of new fangled 
health foods; on the contrary they seern 
o prefer a jui.y roast of beef a proper^ 
turned loin of mutton, and even the 
ignoie^d ■''''' '"'''"'• '' "°^ -Itogethe? 
The point of all this is that a vigorous 
o d age depends upon good digestion and 
i; enty of wholesome food an5 noJupSn 
dieting and an endeavor to live upon 
bran crackers. P°° 

There is a certain class of food cranks 
who seem to believe that meat, coffee 
and many other good things are rank 
poisons, bnt these cadaverous, sickly 
looking individuals are a walking con 
dernnation of their own theories 

rhe matter in a nutshell is that if 
the stomach secretes the natural diges- 
tive juices m sufficient quantitv anv 

ees?erT/'th''^^ "^"'u*^^ prompUy di- 
gested. It the stomach does not do so 

?wo nV^^V" ^r'l^ '"^"^^ "'Stress one o; 
two of atuarts Dyspepsia Tablets after 
each meal will remove all difficulty be- 
cause they supply just what every weak 

ac?d'"^lLt'^''''' P^P^*"' hydrochloric 
acid, and nux. 

Stuart's Dyspepsia Tablets do not act 
upon the bowels and. in fact, are no 

enVilfv * "'^^'*;:'"*' «« they act almost 
entirely upon the food eaten, digesting 
It thoroughly and thus gives a much 

t^et^lTe^r ''''''' ^" '^'^'^'^ ^- 
Of people who travel nine out of ten 
th'f^^l"^!'^^ Dypepsia Tablets, knowing 
uZ nn '^ r'^r^^y «afe to use at any 
time, and also having found out by ex- 
perience that they are a safeguard 
against indigestion in any form and 
eating as they have to, at all hours and 
all kinds of food, the traveling public 

sruaJt-rTaNeU. ''""^' '""^'^ ^^^^^ '^ 

f,.n ci?".'^^*^\^ ^" ^^^"^ at 50 cents for 
full-sized packages and any drueeist 
from Maine to California, if his opinion 
were asked, will say that StuartToys 
pepsia Tablets is the most popu ar and 
tToS '"""'^ ''"• any%tomtch 

At Tree Agents Prices? 

Fruit UrowU... IDo'plTuTr.rnm'IlAy'f'lV xTc?^^"' 

GREEN'S NURSERY CO.. Rpohe^tflf. N Y 


Hecond crop 
TJ.KS. ,KAKM ANHUAKX^l^i^^^"'" ^''^' 

BARRED ROCITS t.'<^>UHlvely. Young St^iT 
lorpnces. g. ^y.lOX. New IVllmlnKtoa. Pa. 

Dressed POIlltrV J.^* poultry. hoKs. cuUes, bean^ 
TIHj, ""IIIJ hay. Mthw and |iro(tuce sold on 

**""" * *« BHO., Com. Mera., I*tallad«. 

hens and chicken*. 
I)ae»' Book Kree 
. J. I-A^tfRERT. 

Box 3l2,Appoijuui;,K.I. 

Death to Lice s *i 

DON'T SE T HENS "" •■"» 

bile A 

- -. ^«, other iltM 



Inoubator and Brooder 

M».i« lot fulki who ■urc.w) I'.rfMt Nfulatloa. 

IMrfrct hitebM. Duiii«ip«rlm.o(, ,,i,m»cbl«<i 

»h«« you cmo liDow »l)out. Hend for our .arm 

ll«tor book. 104 pww. IkKikl la tf* )»■> 

tM. Writ« r^r tfat oiM you want. 

f,. P** Bolnea Incubator Oo..: 
■•iaMtlowa. ar OtpU esi Bafhlo, ll7i; 



Uat^h .v. ry frrtile egu. Siiupleit, 

nioi' (lur»(jlt'. cheapest Ursi-claii 

batcher. Mouey hat-k If not ih,<1. 

ilnl> aareprcaentrd. Oepay/rtiaht 

lircular fr.'.. ; caulucur (k- 

£jg^JJg^Jj^ulMcy, III, 


For Nasi ao Days Only, 

Hu^r frT^ ^:„"''« '»j<>»i>i* pouitiT 

how to make tHg money with pouUnr aS 

JOM MUKNEi. m.. u, s». mmn!tS: 



9 I tS.BO For 
I ^ 200 Eon 

P«i^«t In eonitractioQ and 
•^'"Si .Hitche. crer; (krtlla 
•a. Wriu for cat«Jo« to-Jaj , 

OEO. H. STAHL. QuIiict. III. 


The best cough prescription 
is Jayne's PLxpectorant. 


n^.M. "T".P**«"» '»^«»lly auto- 
matic and diraet acting- /roatert 
ImproTemant of yeara. lAi™t tSr 


sw^U^TCH •ncubaVm coT; 


Hfinily .timnnac — Tlip TirtnH Pa..t« *■ 
n sUr cnvcnlcni t<> cnrrv In the tVo.k -t nn.i 
i;^ ,Mt"'lnM"'?;r. "' "'^"^n,ati;:n'rhl.,Vfan 
the 'home. ''' """ "" ''"' '"" ""^ iC 



m. m. S. Poultry Fencing 


KEEP AT Tm HeAoX Ti?" 
More mads-Boro «old- \P'"ZHS 
moro prlias won than> '\ "O" 
*''I' OTHERS combined. 

- -^!r 1 •«"«<» ••'•nil on this pSper^ 

An Annoiinprment to P. p. ReNtlrra 

-Kvoiy render .,f the I'. K who l« alTln^ ,?; 

mn.r,. I,y ,1,. Tta,. To,., Kn,"";;"' "if" 
"""l'»"f; I" r.llal.l... hnvo .hat i hoy rl.lm 
I', t In wntlnij to this cooipanj "" 


when the hf nji lay. Ke*t) thom 

«>lnK. K..r hatching an^^.rS^ 

rjK u«. the l*.t rc«„„.,„" p"^ 

, Incuhatom and BrocKler. - bunt 

upon honor, aold upon guaranule. 

FrN CftllH 


la. A. BaatA. Llcoalrr. ladUna 

^^si^^.eKg.arn,in^.„al;K^":?,'V;.'"'^l^'■»!"«■ '-•<'" I M ^%^MM M. EniF^.l^l 11 

With Poultry and Ii\cubAfnr« 

That is the title of oi.rncwTws book iJr."' . 


hn»l«nd.<<rm«ny. M. .Hand. New /ea- 
l.n. and other f.^reign co.,ntrie,. <4ml 

114 free, for Look .No, M. Circular, free. 
B.r.l«, «. »., Cfcie,^,,,. 

. f . 



R^m"^*""'*****"' Norwood. lllnn.,irot«Wchlcka 
chJM dfd t^^«„ *1" followed direction., "em!? 
princlnle. .„!r°,!:5- ^'.'"^ '' "" »•"'" "" right 
hlirSML K-, "^ ^' ff""^ workmen. Th« |01 
o"cr.^ r/'* ""rtl ""*■ ""» •"'r«"ll. •well, warp 
Our f Ai' ^oik''jl'"'''" •"'1 »entll.Uon pirf^ 




% -^ r 


|?fT!Y^-r ^'- 


The Practicaiv Karmer 

January 24, 1903. 

The Practical Farmer* 


Published Weekly by The Farmer Co. 

p. o. llox iai7 

S. E. Corner Market and 18th Streets 

Philadelphia, Pa. 

Knteri'd at the PlilluaolplilH jioHt ulllce its nocond-claaa 

PROr. W. v. HIAHBEY, iMlltor. 

Philadelphia, January 24, 1903 

At the Nebraska Station ste<!rs fed in 
box stalls made an average gain of 400 
pounds on tiio same food that steers of 
equal value made ;!;{0 i)ourids gain in 
open shed and lot, four of the stalled 
steers made gains of 444 pounds each. 
It would not take a great many steers 
at this rate to pay for stables in the 
additional gain, and the lumber would 
be there for many years helping the 
food. Shelter pays and in the long run 
is far cheaixT tJian fi^ed, that must be 
used In its place to keep animals warm 
without profit to the feeder. 

The Maine Experiment Station has 
been examining some of the cereal foods 
now 80 largely advertised and sold, and 
while In a goneral way these have been 
found good and wholesome the Station 
ridicules some of tlie claims made for 
them. It is claimed that "The system 
will absorb a greater amount of nourish- 
ment from one jmund of drape Nuts 
than from ten pounds of meat, wheat, 
oats or bread." The analysis of the 
Station shows that the one pound would 
contain 0.12 of a pound of protein, while 
ten pounds of bread would contain 
0.80 of a pound of protein, and ten 
pounds of rolled oats would contain 
1.50 pounds of protein. The fuel value 
of the Grape Nuts would be 1,S70 
calories, and that of the oats 19.650 
calories. T^n pounds of rump beef 
would have, including the bone, 14.050 
calories. The bulletin concludes that 
as the average consumer will have no 
difficulty In digesting any of the cereal 
foods it is not worth while to pay 20 
cents for one cereal preparation when 
another that will serve his purpose 
equally well can be had for 5 or C cents. 

like to keep prices down. We are of 
the opinion that when the present crop 
is all in the estimate of the Department 
will not b<! found far wrong, when we 
allow something for the unexpected late 
crop that the last favorable autumn 
made pos.sible. When we read criticisms 
of the Departmeat work we had better 
consider who it is that is criticising it, 
and the interests that are behind them. 

The Agricultural Department. 

It is about time for the farmers to be- 
gin writing letters to their Congress- 
men again. The farmers' letters had a 
great deal to do with the passage of the 
oleo bill. When Congressmen under- 
stand what the farmers want they gen- 
erally get it. The Committee of the 
House of Representatives has cut down 
the appropriation for the new buildings 
for the Department of Agriculture to 
11,500,000 after the Senate had pas.sed 
It for a million more. And yet they en- 
dorse an appropriation of 17,000,000 for 
the Department of .lustlce. With un- 
counted millions spent for War and 
Navy Departments, the great Depart- 
ment of Peace Is quartered in a little 
buiblliig. and the Secretary has to rent 
dwf'Ulng houses all around the neigh- 
borhood. The agricultural Interests of 
this country are second to none and the 
Department that is working for the 
farmers should have as commodious 
quarters as any other in the capital of 
the Nation. The Nebraska man at the 
head of the House Committee should 
have broader ideas in regard to the 
farming interests. Drop In a few letters 
on the members of the House and tell 
them that the Farmers' Department 
should be as well housed as the soldiers 
and sailors. 

Louisiana, the State has more than 
doubled the United States appropriation. 
In New York the two Stations have an 
income of over |103,000. The only 
thing to wonder at, then, is *Uat the 
Pennsylvania Station has done as effi- 
cient work as it has. And the same may 
be said of numbers of other Stations 
throughout the country. The Stations 
have proved their value to the agricul- 
ture of the country and not only Con- 
gress, but the State Legislatures, should 
come to their aid and put them in a 
position for doing weil the work they 
are intended to do and relieving them of 
the work that belongs solely to the col- 
leges and the State Departments of 

where It will have the best effect as a 
mulch. One of the greatest advantages, 
as we have said before, In deep fall 
plowing, is in getting a winter cover 
crop on the land so that another plow- 
ing is essential in the spring before 
planting. Then In the spring use the 
disk or cutaway thoroughly and repeat- 
edly to get a fine surface bed that will 
act as a mulch in retaining the winter 
moisture for summer crops, and then 
keep that mulch there by rapid and 
shallow cultivation, and you can defy a 
drought, especially on a clay soil. 

The Cream of the Bulletins. 

Crop Estimates. 

The London Standard criticises the 
methods of crop estimation In the 
United States, saying that the agricul- 
tural estimates of the Census Depart- 
ment are always excessive, while those 
of the Agricultural Department are be- 
low the mark, and adds: "If America 
would deign to copy the method of Hrit- 
Ish agricultural returns, they might 
reach satisfactory results. Nothing 
short of a farm-to-farm return, at least 
as to the acreage of crops, is to be 
trusted." Such a method may be all 
right In the limited area of Great 
Britain, but a farm-to-farm estimate In 
the United States would tax the country 
as badly as a general census. It Is 
what the census attempts, but Is hard 
to carry out accurately even then, be- 
cause the enumerators are selected not 
because they are the best and most 
skillful men for the purpose, but be- 
cause they belong to the party at the 
time in power, and are given their 
places for party services. Until the 
Census Department is entirely removed 
from party politics and men are put at 
this statistical work because they are 
the best men for It, there will be little 
Improvement. The methods of crop es- 
timation adopted by the Secretary of 
Agriculture are as accurate as it is at 
present possible to make them, and the 
larger part of the complaints of under- 
estimating the crops come from the 
Euflisb buyers of cotton, who would 

Station Work. 

The report of the Director of the 
Pennsylvania Agricultural Experiment 
Station shows, as Lhe reports In other 
States do. that the work or investigation 
ir. seriously impeded by the other duties 
imposed upon the Station staff in the 
work of in.struction at the College, at- 
tendance and lecturing at Farmers' In- 
stitutes and in the college extension 
work. The time is coming when those 
In control of the colleges must realize 
that this division works Injury to the 
efficiency of the Station. While the col- 
leges divide the salaries of the men en- 
gaged in college work with the Stations, 
it does not make them more than one 
man each, and we have the highest 
authority for saying that no one man 
can serve two masters effectively for 
both. The work, as Dr. Armsby says, 
in the college, must be done at fixed 
times, no matter what becomes of the 
Station work in the meantime, and 
when either suffers It must be the Sta- 
tion work. Then, too. in the great State 
of Pennsylvania, we are told that the 
Station building has to furnish quar- 
ters for several of the college Instruct- 
ors, and laboratory room for students In 
agricultural chemistry, while light, 
heat and power for all the buildings 
have been supplied from the Station 
steam plant. It would seem that the 
State Is rich enough to heat and light 
the college buildings without begging 
these from the limited income of the 
Station. Like almost every Station, the 
Pennsylvania Station finds that It is 
saddled with a salary list that leaves 
a balance too small for the moat ef- 
fective work in Investigation. While 
Pennsylvania has given money for the 
erection of buildings for the Station 
she has given nothing for current ex- 
penses, over 63 per cent, of which comes 
from the United States and the re- 
mainder from fees and Incidental sales. 
In some, other States, notably in 

Fining the Soil. 

The great success that has followed 
the cultivation of grass for hay by Mr. 
Clark, ot Connecticut, shows not only 
the great value of the proper fertilizing 
matters properly used, but still more 
the Importance ot working and rework- 
ing the soil, exposing every particle of 
the surface soil to the action of the air, 
and thus getting plant food made avail- 
able for the crop when planted. Mr. 
Clark says that he worked his garden 
soil over twenty-five times before plant- 
ing a seed, and thought that it paid to 
do so. With a heavy clay soil there is 
nothing that gl/es better chance for a 
good crop than the most thorough pre- 
paration. For two years or more we 
have been experimenting on a piece of 
typical "Cecil" red clay in part of our 
large garden. Our garden of nearly two 
acres, runs north and south over a ridge. 
On the south side the red clay is covered 
by a deep, mellow, sandy soil. On top 
of the ridge the greasy red clay comes 
right to the surface. On the north slope 
the red clay is buried in a dark, heavy, 
brown loam, and down at the bottom 
terminates in a strong, deep and almost 
black soil. This last stands drought 
better than any other part of the gar- 
den, and Is fine for late crops. The first 
sandy soil Is our early garden. But the 
clay ridge has been a terror. It is very 
fertile, but runs together and bakes 
very hard in summer and we have been 
trying to mellow it. Two years ago we 
manured It in the fall and sowed crim- 
son clover on it and had a great growth. 
We then plowed it and manured again 
and hauled wash sand all over It, and 
planted it in cabbages and got a fair 
crop. Then it was again manured and 
plowed, and when some natural growth 
appeared It was covered as deeply with 
forest leaves as we could plow under, 
and was again plowed. This fall a 
very heavy growth of chick weed cov- 
ered it and a week or so ago we plowed 
all this under and will again cover it 
with forest leaves and lime it, and 
plow again for sweet corn, leaving it 
rough until planting time. We then in- 
tend to plow again and then harrow 
time and again. Now the character of 
that clay Is sensibly changed. It no 
longer turns up In greasy flakes, but is 
getting to be of a dark brown color and 
not the blood red that it was. This Is 
the result not only of the large amount 
of vegetable matter we have worked 
into It, but the repeated plowlngs fol- 
lowed by frost. Now, on a large scale. 
It would hardly be practicable to treat 
a clay soil In exactly this way, but what 
we want to point out is that on such a 
soil with heavy crops of dead peas and 
other vegetable matter plowed under In 
tne fall and at once followed by a green 
winter crop like rye, the character of 
the soil can be greatly modified In a 
short time, particularly if the burjing 
of the organic matter is followed by 
repeated plowlngs to bring again the 
rotted burled matter to the surface, 

University of NebraHka, Agricultural Ex- 
periment Station, Lincoln, Neb. Feeding Ex- 
poilinents with Cattle and 1*1^8. E. A. Bur- 
nett and II. U. Smith, bulletin 75, Vol. XV. 
The first e-xperiment given was alfalfa T8. 
sorghum for wintering calves. In October, 
1!»0(>, 18 steer calves were bought, and also 
two heifers. They were grades from pure 
bred sires of Shorthorn and ilerefords, and 
an equal number of each breed were used. 
When received they were placed on clover and 
grass pasture and after the middle of Octo- 
bir had a grain ration, half corn, one fourth 
bran und one-fourth oats, which was gradu- 
ally ln(rea.sed till by November they were 
eating two and a half pounds each per day. 
On October linh they averaged IV.H) pounds 
weight each. In November they had alfalfa 
hay and an Increa.sed grain ration, and by 
the last of the month they were eating 5 
pounds and weighed 7,42.'"> pounds. The 
flrst of December they were divided into three 
lots of six steers each. One lot of Shorthorns 
and one lot of Ilerefords received alfalfa 
hay and the grain ration. The third lot of 
Ilerefords had sorghum hay and the same 
grain ration. The grain ration was Increased 
from live pounds to eight pounds. The hay 
ration was six pounds. The average gain on 
alfalfa and grain was 240 pounds. The aver- 
agH gain on sorghum hay and grain was 218 
pounds, showing that the alfalfa gained over 
sorghum 22 pounds pt-r calf In liv.- month.s. 
The next experiment was grain vs. no grain 
for steers on pasture. This experiment 
showed, without going Into details, that 
when steers are to be marketed la the fall 
or early winter there Is more profit In sum- 
mer feeding with grain on pasture. Where 
stfers are to be winter fed on grain for the 
8i)rlng market there Is more prolit to feed 
no grain when on pasture. The failure of 
the corn crop of I'.lol made the market for 
feeding-steers very bad. and destroyed the 
profit that would ordinarily have been pro- 
duced on a bunch of cattle making 292 
pounds gain In six months on pasture on'y. 
but the<iuent winter feeding was very 
profitable and warranted placing a higher 
value on these steers as feeders. The high 
price for fat cattle enabled the Station to 
sell the grain fed cattle at a profit even after 
having fed them on corn worth 40 cents a 
bushel during the summer. Wheat vs. corn 
as R ration for fattening steers was the sub- 
ject of another experiment, and the con- 
clusions were that the gains in a lot fed 
on a wheat ration were greater than those 
In another lot fed corn, by Hi pounds per 
head. In 2:1 weeks. Another lot fed a wheat 
ration exceeded a lot fed corn, In gains, by 
22 pounds per head. The one experiment Is 
not considered conclusive evidence that wheat 
exceeds «-orn In feeding value, but Indicates 
that wheat exceeds corn In feeding value 
alM)ut 5 per cent. It shows that a six-months 
feeding period was more profitable than a 
twelve-months one. The experiment showed a 
profit of $10.14 per head on summer fed 
yearling cattle compared with Sl'.t.O.I on cat- 
tle of the same (luallty which were on grass 
only during the summer. Taking a statemq t 
for tlie year, the cattle fed twelve months 
show a profit of $^:,.4<^ against a profit of 
$21.04 on the cattle fed grain only during 
the winter. The experiment showed, too, 
that hogs will make good gains following 
steers fed on ground feed. Another experi- 
ment was a comparison of shelter and 
rations In feeding steers. The results were 
that six open shed and i>en steers made 330 
pounds average gain. Six Ih.x stall steers 
made 4O0 poniidK average gain. Six open 
shed and yard steers made .Tl.'t pounds aver- 
age gain. In this experiment corn meal and 
alfalfa In box stalls gave the largest gains. 
<"orn, bran and alfalfa in box stall 
made the next largest gain. Corn meal, 
bran and alfalfa In open yard and shed came 
third. All the very large gains were made 
l)y steers In box stalls. In another experi- 
ment It was found that wheat can l»e profit- 
ably substituted for corn In feeding pigs so 
long as wheat Is not more than nine per 
cent, higher than corn. Wheat should be 
soaked or ground for plgt. 


January 24, 1903. 

Our Business Corner 

S. E. Cor. Market & J8th Sts., Philadelphia. 

HENRY HAUKIS. Duslnesa Manager. 
Special AdvertlaluK Kepreaenlatlve 

H. K. X.elth, New York. 

Thb Practical Karmf^t? 


AORWU LTUR A L.— The Practices of a 
buccessful I'lg Uai.ser In the North. 
-— -After \our Daughter IJecomes of 
Age— What TheuV 

QUEI{JES.— \\\n'n und How to Oehorn 
Lows. — \ ariuus Queries. — Crimson 
Clover and I'eas.— c'ow I'eas la 

< oru. — Floais.— Lime Substitutes. — 
I'otafoes on I'.ottom Land. 
Cow I'eas and Soy Beans. — Ad- 
dresses wanted.- Hromus Inerrals. 
—The Cotton Crop. — Propagating 

, ....V^'^'^'''''^'^— '"""*'»'f of the M(.on 

LJ\K .STOCK A\0 ItMUY. — Stock 

Queries.— Hotter Hoes Not Come 

i/-/V.?Tx ?i/v'''""T.- ^^I'l'I'V—AIIlng Cow. 

I L I LJi/.\Ajn .— Nervous Disorder 
Sudden Death. — Scratdi^s. 

QARDhW. — Current Comniejits. — Vegeta- 
bles "Uunning Out. "--Commercial 

< Uron. — Italian or Hlack Hees 

Hoot. — Corn Kodder. — Altering a 

//0ff/7f7 ///7 /M/..— Ifegonla (Jlorle de 
Lorralne.—Hush Fruits from Cut- 
tings. — Horticultural Queries 

Seedling I'each Trees.— Horticultur- 
al Notes. 

POL LTHY.— Feed a Variety.— Winter 

tDirnjf/An.— Crop Estimates. _ The 

Agricultural Department —Station 

Work. — lining the Soil. 

//OJ/f;(/7?C7.A;.— Rest.— Editorial Chat 

- t'ac(illes and liootee.'S.— I,e Wool 
l-asclnaior.— Our Hook Table 
hashloii Kancles. — Correspondence. 

— \ouihs Parliament. 
OVRj:XI'EI{lh:MI.) i>OOL.— Topic No. 

iu '•",.^^''"* "•^« ^■"" •■'<'.ind to be 
the Most Economhal Roofing Ma- 
., . ,.^.^''.*.'. '"'■ '■'■'■™ HuildlngsV 
FAliy IMI'LI:mi:\T A\Si!x. — Fertil- 
izer .Sower. -A Hoy Can Do It.— 
Vox- Hauling Corn l'*odder.— Hanglne 
?." ,^^ 7 '"'Vi'e for Hreaking a 
1 alter Puller. — Rlppleys Feed 
< ooker and Healer. - A Simple 

lorge.— Home-Mad.' Ice plow ()11. 

v.-//..,"i-' I''/.'.„"«'"<''»s.— Disk Drills. 
^llOltrvi IS ,t\ 1'. I', si; us.— Oynter 
Shell l-eeder. - Curing Pork f.,r 
Home I se. Handling Manure— To 
Keei) Hobv W.irm.- Catching Hogs 
— « are in Handling Logs.— A (Jreen 
lodder K'ld Kuck.- To File a Saw 
In the Woo(K Care of Rubber 

l..ots — When Hutchering. — Coal 
S. ,1 les — A Cheap Cellar. — To 
Wind Harbed Wire. , 

MIHTAJiES, FAILI lii:s \\n SVC- 
rj:ssKs.~The Veijetable (;arden — 
Success with a Pig. Planting Near 
the I'oiest.- Keeping Sweet Pota- 
toes.- .Mistake In Sweet Potato Cul- 
ture. -How to Cse Cold HIs.uIts — 
Kenewlug oi,| Rau Carpets. -Care 
of Horses.- Self Sucking Cow -~ 
Nndlng oflr f<,r .Seed Corn —Fertiliz- 
ing Orchards. ' eruiiz 

POSTAL (A hi) C()f{Ri:sPO\DEXCE. « 

Help It Grow 
We hope that every one of our friends 
who received a club blank In their last 
weeks copy of the P. R will try to 
make up a six-name club, using the 
blank for that purpose. Particularly 
do we want our friends whose subscrip- 
tions expire this month or In February 
to each one send one of these clubs. In- 
cluding their own renewal In It There 
are several thousand subscrlpUons 
Which expire in these two months, and 
a club of six from each of them would 
mean a boom In our subscription busi- 
ness which would be acceptable all 
around. We are more than pleased with 
the way In which these clubs are com- 
ing in. Our friends are doing nobly 
and every club they raise Increases our 
anility to carry out the plans which we 
are constantly making for the improve- 
ment of the P. F. These plans contem- 
Dlate betterments all along the line 
necessitating Increased expenditures for 
their carrying out. We Intend the P F 
shall remain at the head of the proces- 
sion of agricultural Journalism We 
want the help of all our friends to In- 
crease Its circulation, both to widen Its 
Influence and still further Increase our I 
ability to make every number of the I 
paper better than the preceding ones' ' 

Ihol *!, ^^'*^''^, ^^^ thoroughly believe 
that the weekly visits of the P F to 
fach one of farm homes would 
mean an Increase of many dollars In 
the yearly income from each farm ag- 
gregating many millions of dollars ad- 
ditional profit to the farmers each year 
NOW the present subscribers of our 
Papei- can help much towards such a de- 
sirable consummation. They live In all 

S^'"h %°' ^^'' ^'"'^^'' States, so that the 
neld for work Is coextensive with Its 
boundaries At thousands of postofBces 
Where perhaps only a linglg copy of the 








The Maule Seed Book 

ever published. The Hr^t editir^llr lS%tl"|lTtoo''^"Vadr;! 


P. F. now goes, or at the most two or 
three copies, not one club, but several 
of these clubs of six might be raised. I 
While we should like every friend to 
send at least one club, we do not by' 
any means wish It understood that that 
18 the limit. In many localities it is 
just as easy to make up several clubs 
as only one, and as we give a choice of 
one of thirteen premiums for each; 
club to the club raiser, -^here is 
a suitable reward for several dubs 
And remember that these clubs of 
six Is the only way by which the 
f. t. can be obtained for 50 cents per 
year. In any other way 50 cents pays 
for only six months and $1 pays for one 
year. It ought not to take very long to 
convince every wide-awake farmer that 
50 cents invested in a year's subscrip- 
tion to the P. F. Will bring back more 
than the entire year's subscription in 
every single copy of the paper We 
want our paper to go into the homes of 
as many of these millions of farmers 
who do not now read it. as It is possible 
Our friends can help us very decidedly 
to do this, and knowing the high regard 
in which they hold the paper we have 
no hesitancy in asking their help. 


.Nearby fresh 

Wewiern. choice ......' 


Apples, per bbl. . 
Cranberries. Jer.. per 'crate 
t ranlierrles. Cape Cod. bbl 
Oruiiges, .Jamaica, bbl 
oninge.s. Fla.. per bo.\ ' " ' 
<iiape fruit. Fla., per box' " 
White potatoes. Pa., per bu. 
\Milte potatoes. West . bu 
Sweet potatoes. Jer., has 
i abbage, per ton . 

Onions, per bbl '.' 


There was a fair demand for beans and 

offerln:?s'''*''r.''"*''^ "'""">• "»<l''r mode.S 
offerings. (,reen peas were unchanged. 

. 32 
. 31 

. l..%0 
. UAH) 

. lo.oo 

. 4.00 
. 2.(i.-. 
. 3.0U 



5. on 

ft 3.00 
(II 'AStif 
(tt. 12.0(» 
(a, 5.00 
(n 3.;{.-. 
f<i 4.00 




Spring geese, per lb 

l;owls. giMjd to prime.' per ' lb" 

Squabs, poor to prime, doz 


State and nearby . 


Apliles. pe,. bbl. 

Cranberries, per bbl 

< ranlierrles. |)er crate 

«j rapes, per case. . 

<;r)tiies. piM- bas. 

Oranges, Florida, pei'bo.x!! 2.2 









(ft 4.00 
(>f 12.00 








(ii 21.00 

(il lO.'iO 

(II 12.00 
(<t 12.00 
<S 11.00 

Our Best Comb inations 

The P. F. . . 
N. Y. Thrlce-a-Week World 

TheP.F. . . jn 

Philadelphia Weekly Press $jj '"^^ 

The P. F. . . jn 

Hoard's DalrymaD . J| j '-SO 

T''«P-f' • . $11, on 
Breeder's Gazette . $21*'*'^ 

Tlie P. F. . . $n 
Chicago Weekly Inter-Ocean $ j J ''^"^ 

TJ'^P'F- . . Sill en 

The Commoner. . $jj '■^'^ 


-Marrows. II. p., per 

' Scotch Peas, per bu . 

Timothy, choice, large bales. "0.50 

Straw, straight rye l, -,■,-,(, 

M«;aw, tangled i,,.-,,, 

"*^ «.50 


Feed was In fair demand : light offerings. 
ulnlt' ^"'J'- .^'n"''-- per ton.ll>..-.(» fr, 20 Oo 

Middling upland, cwt 8.H5 

Corrected weekly by Coulbonrn a v,.ki.. 
k'r .S*^?^;!. ^'«"""'-«'"'> Me?chan"ta° 2 J34'^Ma'r: 

Iteef , attle steady to a shade easier 

Extra steers r,,/,, 

Oood steers ... '. «// 

Medium steers .'.■. Zif^ 

Common steers ■.'.■. iiff., 

CALVES— ' *^ 

Veal calves firm and active. 

Extra calves 

Fair to good .......... '. 

I'oor and <-ommon . . . . 



Hogs active. 
Fat hogs, Pn . r»p|. & Md 
rat hogs. Western . 

Sheep and lambs steady. 
Sheej). extra wethers . 

Sheep, good 

><heep. medium ........'.' 

Sheet), common 


lotatoes, J.T. per bbl. 

I enna. & Western. IKO lbs' 

Sweet imtaioes, per bbl 

elery. W.-siern. doz. bun!; 
Onions, p,.,. 1,1,1. , 

Cniilitiowers. per crate 

I urnips, per bbl. 

splna<h, per bbl 



















Nitrate of soda, per cwt . 


2.07 V4 

® GO 
(a. 1 7.00 
ru 20.50 
€ 23.50 

9 (it 
7 V,f,t 



3 H 




.Sulpimte am"moula7'per"i'Wt. lorl i 
lankage, per unit ammonia. 

tlV 'J'f"^' ^ 2-10 p. c. unit. 55 
r•r.mnH^''''• **'"'"'• '-'^OU Ibs.lO.oo 
(.round bone, steamed. tou.l»50 
uround bone, raw, per ton. 21.00 


Muriate potash. 80 p c 

future shipment '. . ' 1 so 

Manure salt, high grade (90 ' 
to St.) p.c. sulphate potash) 2 08 

Manure salt, double (48 to 
4" p. c. less than 2Mi p. c 
chlorine), per lb ., 1.09 



Medium ". 27rci29 

Ouarter blood *.'.'. 


4 **M 





I'Ine ^^^^"^^^o <"«ht and'bright.) 

Medium ...'.'.."' 

Quarter blood 




Ls WASHED (dark colored.) 


Fine medium '.'.".'.'.'.'.■.■ , 


Medium and quarter 



. ■■•.f'l'.j, 

showed a de- 



41 (ii 


IV. ...^4^ I'hlladelphla. Jan. 17. 1003. 

The market ruled firm under light offer- 

as compiled by Mradst reefs \'J"""* .''"•'l''-> 
crease of ;{ bushels. ' 

.No. 2. red 

No. 2. I'enna. and Del'..'.*!;.* 

No. 2. yellow -^.o 


No. 2, white clli)ped . . . 

I Best prints 

Firsts, creamery .!.*!.'!.'.' 
Seconds, creamery 

Ladle packed 


Enlj cream, choice, small 
Jull cream, fair to good 
I'art akims . " ; 


flrm"',?llh\''?:r.T"" *"1 ^he market ruled 
■rm With a fair demand for desirable stock. 

I'owls, per lb !■) /.. 

I Spring < hlckens. per 'lb! ,' ! .' ! o V, 

Ducks, per lb .... ,; '" 

(Jeese. per lb. . . . ,., 

Turkeys, ppr lb. . .'..'. jj 


ruled'K" wi7h''a"'r';:!7V'' "".'1/'"' '""'■ket 
l'.t« of "aTl* des. rlptlo"Js. '^"""^ '"«• ^«'"-'^»^«e 
Fowls, per lb. . . . ,, 

< hl.kens. per lb \\ 

Turkeys, per lb. \- 

i'.-i''.'.".'.^- •••••-::••••: 


WHEAT.— ■'^^'^ ^ '"'''• ■'°" '"• ''**'•''■ 

No. 2. red 

No. 1. .Northern Dulutii 

The market Is strong 

No. 2 

No. 2. white and yellow 

No. 2, white 4o« 

HAY— ** * 

Prime, large bales. 100 lbs. . 1 05 

. . 80% 

Demand good. 

5H ^ 
.. 58M, 

81 V6 


... ■ .'^''MB'NO AND DELAIMa rLKBrEa 
, Washed tine Delaine ""^'''" FLMCC8. 

Washed medium 

Washed low . 

Washed coarse 

Inwashed medium 

I nwashed quarter blood'.*!.*.* 

Hrald .... 





14 fit 
10 (ti 


70 «4 
53 Ml 



14 «4 

1 3 14 





Creamery, extra na 

Oeamery, firsts 

Creamer.v. seconds ' '. 

State dairy, tubs, fancy 

Full cream, small . . . 
roll cream, choice . . 
Light skims, small, choice " 
Light skims, large, choice 

Ducks, per pair 

tJeese. per pair 

Fow-ls, heavyweights! 'per lb! 
lurke.vs. per lb 

Spring turkeys, per lb 
Spring chickens, per lb. 





• 20 A WEEKll»r«l,ht m^\urV~mim*~^ 

• -.r Poultry Ml.tur^irio^rlf •'Vl'V^toI* 
Mo.Hrth MfKC O..BO. ll«».»^rt.,fl.iJ.l,';: 

1 2 f(l 

A SuccMtfful Potato Plantor 

im li^tir.ib* l*n«aiA bl_^A i_ _ ^^^^^^^^^ A .^^^k 

Thr K.unli* rotmlo Pluitcr !• Dot 
ku i-»(i.rinnui— e»»r7 on« U 
CusraulMd. Plauu wbul* or 
cuttfrd ao? illtUricrtDd 
depth dralrcd. Soon 
»'•'• ill onl. Cau- 
loKue of muoej •a\liii( 
farm iBpiemcn t> free . (_ 
I Ilea, N. Y. 


<^ 1.02 

U 13 

Something New Under the Sun. 

A"SprlngTooth"U-Bar Harrow 

A Spring "Spike TooJh" Harrow 




Tfi. •"-"'•■t on til. 1lr,% mmH-itmV Ini 


-'I -^. » *^- ■ 


Thb practical Karmer 







The Home Circle* 

January 24, 1903. 

ErtlH-d l.y Vtliim <'ali|iMM Melville, Sun Prnirl*. 
wis., to wliotii all I'liiiiinuiiii'Htioii.s relutlvf lo tUii 
flepMrtiuciit Kli<iiii<l Iw Hd<1fVH>te<l. 


II. ,s, w. 

Ol'I in ili<- l.iirdrn df ilic liii.>*y day, 

111 llic |i'|iiiv,. ,,r i'V)-liili»:'s sliiiilinvv Kloom, 

Oftfii at iiiidiilK'liis .'^lilj ami Ip.I.v liniir, 
Couii- lo luy iiiliiil idiul uicmxrlcs of liome. 

O, happy cIiIIiIIkmhI, with what lonirliiR cvps 
i'a<^ tin yh III.- Inifrvi'iiiiiK vrais 1 nu/.e I 

How uiil<-inly I Idiijr p. iciati unci- iin.ri- 
The. siiuiiy patliway of iliy Koldt-n days. 

Is there no more a lomfurl for niy uriefV 
No Jii'nrt to Imiii III s.vinpailiy with mine? 

i\u hand to sooilic mv jon*' uiid weaiv heart. 
So teuderly, dear liioiiier, as did thine'.' 

Ah, III my heart I lonr a voi.e divine, 

.More teiid.M- far. iliaii Ijiiinaii voice could be ; 

•Coine thou wl:o art allliciiMl and oppressefl - 
With all thy heavy burden, coiuc to Me. 

'•As when a chihl iliou lied to mothers arms 
And weeplnjf, on hir bosom sought for rest 

Hrlnj; unto .Me thy load of >;rlef and wioiik! 
And iay thy weary head upon .My breast ' 

Leuiiiiillf. Jnd. 

Editorial Chat. 

If "A Mother," Mt. Hope, Va., will send j 
her name and address, on a card, to .Mrs. 
J. -M. I)kk. I'.un Uuu, I'a., .she will greatly 
oblige the latter. 

SiiLh ho.sts of our people seem Interested 
In the different societies Shut-in and Sun- 
shine, and yet tliere seems a general mls- 
iinderstaudlni?. A Maine sister sends ma- 
terial relative to the Sunshine Society from 
which we glean the following: Tlie origi- 
nator of the society was .Mrs. Cynthia West 
over Alden. ,Iust when started we do not 
learn, lint It was hnoriMirati'd in February 
of I'.MH) as ihe Inlernational Sunshine 
Ho<lety. liver :;oO papers, led by the Ladles" 
Home Journal, now regularly report I In- work. 
To the (picsiioiis so <dlen asked, "How did 
the Sunshine .Society originate V -What Is 
Its object?" "What has It aeeompllshedV" 
and "How do you do the work?" the follow- 
ing answers are made. I Hiring the holidays 
several years at.o, ilie President Ceneral was 
the re<lpleni of a number of cards from her 
coworkers on the .New York Recorder, as 
well as from outside friends. On Christmas 
l»ay she protested, and said that, while she 
enjoyed her gifts, she would have had In- 
finitely more pleasure In their receipt l£ the 
donors had not written their names on them. 
This statement horrllled her audience, who 
with (me ac«ord exclaimed: 

"What : Voii wouldn't give our presents 
away, would you V" 

"Why not?" was the answer. "What do 
you do with yours V A laughing Investiga- 
tion soon developed the fact that the waste- 
basket was the uitlmati' de>itlnatlon of most 
of the cards received. Some spent a few- 
months ta<ked on the wall, until fly specked 
and discolored ; others were used as book- 
marks until lopea'-,.d: then all were thrown 
away without giving an additional ray of 
sunshine to anyone U-yond the reclplent- 

"Suppose you take the history of one 
pretty ten-cent lard that came to me a year 
ago." said the Prc^ldent-Ceneral. "It had 
an exquisite little poem on It. and I enjoved 
It so much that I thought at once of an <dd 
uncle who would appreciate It. and forward- 
ed It to him. He, as I thought he would, 
did enjoy It. and so much that he Immediate. 
ly re<alled another idil friend to whom It 
would appeal Willi sp-dal force. So he 

copied Ihe poem and sent the card on. This 
recipient found the sentiment so sweet that 
she. too. felt called upon to pass It on. and 
bef<ire the seven days' holiday was over the 
card had <arrled its Christmas message to 
six different people. Of course, this ia on 
excetjtion, but still It is an example of the 
Inilnlie possihlllties of a gift If ac- 
cepted in the true spirit and then 
passed on. giving each one the double de- 
light of receiving and giving '• 

The cards whi. h had afforded the text for 
the little sermon were iiien spread out and 
their pt>Hslbl lilies discussed. Here was a dainty 
one, with a great cluster of royal purple 
pansles. "Mrs So and so loves pansies," and 
It might have b.'en sent on to her If It hadn't 
l)een marked all over. Again, a group of 
running little pussier that "would have been 
Just the thing for a Utile invalid < hlld who 
neede.l amusing." Imt that, too, was (Srefiiliy 
marked with the name of the sender, and 
thus spoiled for Ihe passing on. 

Inspired with this Idea of sending out that might be multiplied four- 
fold, a new set of cards was given by the 
staff to the President Ceneral. who Immedi- 
ately Bent them all out again. The thanks 
received for these cards were so pretty that 
an item was made of it In the jtaiier. This 
oansed further correspondence, and resulted 
Ui a tlub for the exchange of friendly greet- 

ings. The name "Chaf was at first chosen 
for the column, but In time the membership 
grew HO large that a club badge and the 
uiotio "(HMid Cheer" were selected, and the 
name "Shut In " given to the society. 

on .laniiaiy l."., |,S!Mi, the name of the 
society was (hanged to the Sunshine Society. 
This change was made liecause of conflict 
with a shin in society organl/ed In 1MN4. 
Clianglng the word Shut In to Sunshine did 
not inierfere with the club motto or pin. 

Tlie object Is (o Incite Its members lo a 
performance of kind and helpful deeds, and 
to thus bring the sunshine of hajijilness into 
the greatest possible number of hearts and 
homes. Its active membership consists of 
the people who are desirous of brightening 
life by some thought, word or deed. 
The floral emblem is the coreopsis. 
The nieinbeiship dues consist merely In 
making some suggestb.n that will bring sun 
shine to others. 

The reader who kindly furnished the above 
adds: "Perhaps the sister from <;()od IJale 
Corners belongs to the Society es- 
tablished in ISSl. riie Sunshine Society Is 
what the Invalids of today need, as there 
are many worthy ones who cannot afford the 
tlfty cents jter year necessary lo belong to 
the Shut Ins, but who can scatter sunshine' 
ill other ways." From Ihe same source we 
have the names of all Stale presidents, so 
If any of you wish to communicate with 
yours we win gladly furnish the name. 

Kllen Kinney wishes to thank all the 
friends who helped make sunshine for her on 
Christmas liay, as It has not shone before 
In all the dreary years of her Invalidism. 

and fastening on top; slip off from finger, 
fasten through ring again with another 
stitch, drawn tight so as to hold the ring 
together. Chain 1, fasten In L'nd stitch of 
.'{ chain, chain ;{, fasten In centre of next 
chain. Chain 1, make another ring and re- 
peat, with alternate chains of ;{ and rings, 
until you have a row of rings around the 
fascinator, making an extra ring at each cor- 
ner, or make the work come out so there Is a 
ring directly at each coiner, even If you do 
have to make three rings In succession. 

I'nd row.— Chain .'{, fasten In top of ring, 
chain .-{. fastening in 2nd stitch of 3 chain 
in first row of border. Itepeat the chain .1 
fastening In ring and chain .-{ fastened In Ist 
row of border until 2nd row Is finished. Al- 
ways widen at the corners same as in body 
of fascinator, .'{rd row.— Chain 10, fasten in 
2nd stitch of 3 chain In previous row ; re- 
Iieat, widening with a chain of 18 at each 
corner, the same as wilh the chain of 3. 
4th row. — Chain 3, fasten in centre of 18 
chain, repeal, until all chains are connected. 
5th row. Like 1st row of border. «th row, 
like 2nd row. 7th row.— Chain 18, fasten In 
preceding chain of 3 as In 3rd row. Itepeat. 
This last row forms a fluffy edge to border. 
After the fascinator Is finished, pin securely 
to a sheet with eaih .separate loop drawn out 
and fastened : then press with a hot Iron 
over a damp cloth. The looser the work Is 
done, the prettier the fascinator. 


You can smother a cough 
with your hand but you can't 
cure it that way. Some medi- 
cines only smother coughs. 

Scott's Emulsion cures them. 
Old coughs and deep-rooted 
coughs can't be cured unti] 
the inflammation which causes 
them has been replaced b)i 
healthy tissue. 

That is exactly the kind oi 
thorough work Scott's Emul- 
sion does. It changes the 
entire nature of the throat and 
lungs so that there is nothing 
to cough about. 

Send for Free Sample. 
BCOTT& BO'WNE, Chemists. Aog Pearl St., N. Y 

Sacques and Bootees. 


It is never .safe lo send baby's fluffy sacques 
and bootees to the laundie.s.Sj^ us she will. In 
nine cases out of ten. entirely ruin them. 
If not very much soiled, they can be cleaned 
l)y shaking Into them dry corn meal then 
Kdling them up and letting remain a few 
hours. Kiib them lightly In the meal and 
then shake It out. If not too much soiled 
they will come out clean and nice. When 
much soiled, prepare a warm iVarllne suds 
and put the garments In It. shaking them 
about and s(|iieezlng them In the hands until 
Ihe dirt Is removed. |>o not rub or wring 
them, as it mats the fibre of the wool. Put 
them through a rinse of clear, warm water 
and s(pieeze out. then shake well and pull 
Into shape before drying In the open air. 
Sliaking occasionally while drying will ren- 
der them more HulTy. If the" garments are 
hlue or white it Is well to use a vory little 
l)liilng in the rinse water, but (are must be 
taken to use only a good (juallty that will not 
spot or streak. An excellent bluing may be 
very cheaply made at home by <lls.s(dvlng one 
I.ackage blue dlamon<i dye for coti(m (the dye 
only) In (uie (piart of bcdiing water. Strain 
and bottle. | se the same as other liquid 
l-liilng. .Never use bluing If the garments 
have any red (.r pink In them. 

Ice Wool Fascinator. 


Our Book Table. 

J. E. Elliott, Berwick. Pa., gives us a 
"novelty" In the following free translation 
Into verse of an old French fable. There Is 
a lesson in it, too, for some of us at least. 


One day. In Jersey's largest tow^n. 

Miss .Novelt V made her debut ; 
Both lads and lasses gathered round 

Shouting, -How pretty and how new! 
"Oh. fair .Miss Novelty, abide— 

Live In our town— we'll thee adore; 
*Ve swear, no matter what betide, 

I"o sing thy praises evermore." 

"My friends," the goddess cried, "mv heart 
^ou touch: next day ill meet you* here " 

They saw with sorrow her depart. 

And nothing could their bosom.s cheer. 

Next day she came in youthful pride 

o. she was lieautiful to see ' — 
But with l(.ud voice they madlv cried: 

"How commonplace and old" is she I" 
'TIs thus our fickleness Is shown — 

Our friendships aii a bitter cheat. 
Our friends— just ere an liour has flown — 

*\e cast aside and new ones greet. 

We have Just finished reading Hawthorne's 
•Scarlet Letter, " being obliged to confess that 
we never read It "straight through" Is-fore. 
Amid the multitude of new »K)oks. (me hardly 
finds time to peruse the old standard authors. 
Their works are "so old" ( Fable i but when 
we do get down to them we feel as -well as 
one might to sit down to a genuine old fash- 

ioned Thanksgiving dinner, where there was 
turkey— called by Its name— and plum pud- 
ding and mince pie and venison, maybe, and 
all those old time "goodies" straight. Now, 
of course, the same Ingredients may enter 
Into the viands, but they are so "scrambled" 
and "dressed"' and christened that a menu 
reads — well here la one or a part of one: 
Mullagatawny .Soup. 
Fried Smelts. Sauce Tnrtare. 
Scalloped Oysters. Potato Salad. 

Cream Shortcake. Eclairs. 
Preserved Kgg IMums. 
Or another : 

Blue Points. 
Canvas Back Itiick. 
Herman Asparagus. Petite Pols, 
and so on. 

The "Scarlet Letter" teaches much of the 
"times" In which the events purport to have 
occurred. Superstition and all Its attendant 
evils shows out In dear light, but there is 
much, very much to be commended in the 
stern. If misguided In some Instances, sense 

r-haln 4. J(dn in a ring. 1st row.— Chain 
."!. fasten In first stitch of 4 chain. Repeat 
until you have a chain of 3 fastened in ea. h 
stitch of ring. ^ This Is the beginning of four 
distinct corners which must be kept perfect 
or the shape of the fascinator is destroyed. 
2nd row Chain 3, fasten in second stitch 
In 1st . hain of 3 in 1st row. Chain 3. fas^n 
In same stitch again. This extra dialn forms 
the widening for the fascinator, which must 
be repeated at the same place in each corner 
every row. To finish 2nd row chain 3. fasten 
in se,on.l HI Itch of 2nd chain In 1st row 
^\lden. Chain .3. Fasten In same Htltch as 
preceding (haIn and so c(milnue around. Be- 
ptat the series of loops, widening at corners 
as directed, until y..u have 24 rounds 

Border. Chain 1, wind the wo(d loosely 
I limes around the index finger, put hook 
under wo<d on finger, drawing stitch through 

Chimney with 
nobody's name 

A Generation Ago 

co£fec could only be 
bought in bulk. The 

on it. 

Who's respon- 
sible for it? 
Not Macbeth. 

If you'll send your address, I'll .send you 
the Index to Lamps and their Chimneys, to 
tell you what number to get for your lamp. 
Macbeth, Pittsburgh. 

Greatest Household 
Necessity FREE! 

witUoiiulfiMjili oradvaiiceiiaviiieiit 

of any kind, freight paid botliwayi 

on M dayn' trial. tiiquestUiiiuhly 

greateat family labor saver ever Iri- 

vented. Saves time, expense, and 

wear and tear. Will do the family 

washing without btdling clolheN 

hand-Mcrubbliig or back-breakInK 

Ke\olves on bicycle tiall-lM-arlnits 

ati.l H theref(5re eaxletit running wanher ever made. 

b^a ke?« ,1^"J"m "■ ?"'''"'5 '" '** minutes. Washes 

om'thr.agbt^s'.'lnjurv.'^*''- "'^'""'"' ^'"""' '"" """- 
^ (vANSAs City, Mo.. May M, 19r»2. 
/ hart iiivrn your uuihrr a fair 
trial. II i. If,, i^,t irathrr J errr 
*au: flhatuathrd uiir heavy blun. 
ket» iiilh tun. 1 niu/ieti llirm la»t 
tjnliifiaml riMietl more Ihun an hour 
aniiyrl they hn,l lu tu. Ihr„ii(il, aualn. 
but Ih, "HXM- ilanhtr rtea„;l Ihrm 
Utiiriiufihly rlran. IIV (/(, our vtinhina 
very i/iiIrA- ami hare „„ li,ui ai.d 
V'iirn-ijiil ftrliiiy an oftilil.' 

T. ~,-.. _ .V ■*""•'• '- Ba.nnkh, 4»r,:Troo«t Are. 
n-wi^ ,",.■'"*''"* 1° ""y- *^"» "b«olutely free, freight 

Write at once for book and particulars to 
TH B "HWO" WASMKR rp.. m «. ,uu hi.. Hl., li.,t.,, N. ». 

Carriages and Harness. 

ri L'u'.'iii.'"-,""' '■" '■•'•'"'"• •'lo-" ■^omi-l.-t* lln^ Srn.1 f„r it 
ElltMUIT r«KKH(iE * H*K.\EH« %Hi. to.. Flktl.rl. i;4 

:^y:: CARRIAGES t;^ 


Ohio Carriage nWg. Co °- 

on 30 days Fre« 
Trial. 8«Dd for 
Free Catalogue. 
Hta. 37, Cincinnati, O. 

Write for free booklet tellinc about the 

JAS. BOSS Stiffened Gold WATCH CASE 

Thr kpy.tonf » attli CaM Co.. Phliadrlphla. 

Wi Wsnt Ladiat LUL?**"" **"* " '" "•""•' ^°^ «>ur 

«w,nK .na.hin.^ -...! rWrl^erators. 3(r.r«^-H"fU'V,I? 
i. A.Tulm.n !„., AU Slr«.t, n»pt OKI. ( hlfiMjo. Ml. 

20th century way is the I^S Awld Winter Olscoipfitures; T/h^z; r: 


way— sealed pack 



Kabbcr aad Wool, Aretles, aad Rubber Skoea. ' 

ages, always clean, 
fresh and retaining 
its rich flavor. 

Lt.HXA> RKON. nu.rnfturrn, 10 R..d Htrwt, Kr» York. 




Clj'HEI) while you work. 
Von pay 94 when cured. 
No cure, no pay. 
ALEX.^I>EIRH, Boi 8>«. UeatbrooL, Main*. 

MODH for locating gold and silver loiit 
trcHKure, etc. The only r>Kl sold under 

l"r^'T6, '^•,"\'2l%?taC'i;':J''^'°» 


(■•p» w. A. romngs. 
Boi22, SmIHiTtlle, W. y! 

■-T-T Published monthly, 82 
PRftes. Tells all ahoutHunllnir.Trat)- 
j)ln(j an.l Raw Furs. Haniple copy 

Box S8,e«ll|polU, OUIo. 


January 24. 1903. 

"The Practical Karmer 

of right and wrong which actuated the peo- 
ple. Woman's luhiuuuulty to woman Is some- 
tlilnK to make one thauk tJod for the proKress 
of the years ; but If sin received some of the 
public condemnation of our I'urltan ances- 
tors today there might be less of It. If the 
sentence to stand three hours on the scaffold 
and to wear the scarlet letter for lite was 
severe. It was more wholesome In Its teach- 
InK, more to be commended than the "get a 
new bonnet. Join the church and go right 
along" policy of our time. We fall to make 
the "wages of sin" what they ought to be. and 
fall to paint the sin Itself sufBclently hideous 
In the sight of the young. Too much kin- 
dergarten about It all. "Don't 
teach the children about evil and then they 
wont know It exists." Certainly this book 
Is worth a l.'lsuiely perusal. In literary 
style It Is like a rare poem, but like others 
mentioned of late, a trifle "long-wlnded" for 
our busy time. It Is a story to put In the 
hands of youth— not children— and a really 
tine historical reference book. 

Fashion Fancies. 

Box plaits make the latest decree of 
fashion and can be relied upon as correct 
both for Immediate and future wear. The 
Bkirt Is cut In nine gores and Iqcludes one 
box plait at the straight edge of each, an 
arrangement whI. h guaiantecs a perfect tit 
and outline and docs away with all the dan- 

?bP (iT.? T. ' ". too early In life, especially to 

1. ibn T"S"^ '*** .•'"'■'•^ education, s'how 

I that a good general ediicaiion is advisable 

n any walk „f life, to the laborer as wH II is 

shop. tl( farmer behind the plow the carDcii- 
er wieUiing the hamnier. tlie b/.okk.a. u' •" ^ 

AlHn.n, ",""'■*" "''*'** "^ " «""*• edu'ullou' 
-AitHi that they may specialize, ("hlldisb „r 

natural bent." If your son or duuL-h , r 

i 1. 1^ rM,^'""'/'''"^^'''^'' ^'f' tl'*-'" >ipon the 
advisability of taking It up as a life work 

)on I arrive at any hasty' conclusions. My 
parents mistook a childish fancy for a 

natural bent" and spoU.^d a lirst-dass house- 
Keeper and larm supervisor and made a third- 
rate music teacher. Th.>y did not take Into 
consideration iny physical condition, as to 
wh«»ther I could endure the si rain attendant 
upon a muslclan-s career. You oft(!^ tCbt- 
less. have heard parents say: "1 aiii gtilng 
to tnake a lawye,- out of Jim ; he has so 
much to say." or "a minister .ut of John 
he Is so .julet. sedate and a good boy:' (?r 

\o s(ii()ol. III let him run the farm" and 
nine times out of ten the fool ThoiS^s o. t 

to LTlver"" " ' l''^ ^^V ^""" """■• "a™ beg s 
to silver. 1 have In mrid a father who 
spoiled a good farmer and spcnF a good frrin 
making a lawyer of one of his sons The 
bovs naiural bent was farming and stJx k 
raising, and today he is renting and woi-kl,K 
the very Itirm that was sold lo make him a 
lawyer Many a fou.l, doting n.amma has 
worlced and worried herself Into 1 1, '^ra ."m 

mi^'JlVT- *''•' '"'"""^ ••'">''•• t»'«t her daughtV-r 
might have more time and money to speid 
on music, art. etc., and nine out of ten of 
those daughters are today killing some man 
and their chl dren with badly cook.^d foo7 

'H7' ","'■ tli'-l'- children ever have a n.aMT 
tttting dress without the expense of the S 
H.n^^-. M^""' *.'"° '. ""<l«''«<n'>cl me to InfTr 

hat mothers should rear their daughters f.jr 
the sole purpose of becoming hous ckclers 
or house supervisors: far from It l.iiV v.;.? 
will admit tliat nlnety-nhu. percent, ol \x\Z 

4J9a Nine Gored Skirt, 
22 to 30 waist. 

Rer of the pulling out of shape that la apt 
to accompany plaits on the bias or at the 
centre of circular gores. The plaits are 
stitched to flounce depth, then fall free to 
give a becoming flare. The fulness at the 
back Is laid In deep Inverted plaits that are 
pressed quite flat. The <iuantlty of material 
required for the medium size Is 1 1 154 yards 
21 or 1>7 Inches wide, « yards 44 Inches wide 
or T,Vi yards :,* inches wide, when material 
has flgure or nap : 5 yards 44 Inches wide or 
4% yards W Inches wide when material has 
neither figure nor nap. The pattern. 4lj»i> 
Is cut In sizes for a 2_', l.'4, 20. 28 and .30 
Inch waist measure, and can be had for 10c 
of The Farmer t'o., .Market \ ISth Sts.. I'hila! 


las't''7«l7i^*r.''!'""H^~"°"P7' '"'•• ^rlf^: 
tiiat th . fn.. I "r '•""^'-..ntetf with the fact 
that h.. f„n,is In niy jiocketbook were get- 
ting low. and that It was verv ne('esJ«rv 
that I .should bestir myself In s'Tme waT o 
r picnish them. I had always raised a few 
chickens, and had sold some, and eggs to^ 
h ^?;!'"""y*' = "'^ ''"'^ never" worke/'^attTe 
wT^^'"" .""' ""^"•'y t'"»t was In It. bu 
Jist because It was necessary for me t ) hav. for mv own use. I had never had anv 

l"nli'"\ '"."'""**'*'"« "' «">■ ""rplus that I hap 
lened o have, so I con( luded that the iZt 
and (pilck(;st way for n.e to rellll my »ock?.t 

£o"3. "' ^«£T^;-^;,r,.tea •;?„£' 

l^are that I p(.sslbly could. fed ,b^m 

Ave times a da.v, the first meal was I w..?. 
sunrise^ the last about su.Tse" rnlTv^vs 
r^'iL '^''"V 'i"''!'""'! ««'h fresh wat,"r a.i.l 
''"/;> <rn,k(.d oyster shells. After llieV were 

The'Wof .1'''''"' V"."' '^''^ times *adav 
lii '"*•'''' .lanuary I lM«gan to sell thi.m 

.nin'^ oft the largest and thus giving be 

'.nailer ones a better chance to grow- Vlib 

::;r. ';'"• ".-ns • l ralse<l about* seventy of : 

\h\i?\ '»'•■ I'awks g-.t a good share ..f those 

F(^^cn bens. I was never without n f i7» «.» 
of . hange In my purse. I had s ('h^, /,J.'u' 1 
n .selling my chickens and exis . «t f ' 
raised a few more In the .Spr n/than had 
b-en raisng. and have now (Nov i«ti in m , 

the'nL?"/',' "'•;?' '»"'t I can spari ^'srnCe 
the first of Inst November \ have "(del «V» «i 

^mi!neS?'d':r"rn."";' •''^"' yA*ii^^.\ 

t.-nded" to"t'h.:!n : "t'i^. ''Xl'nTo'f ;ii:^";hl('kei:s ' 

hi'" "l'7lke^'h!l- .""7" ^^"•'""^ '.ne cent •"of. 
Ip. 1^ J "'*^ the business so well that I nm I 
going t<> try to do better next year I h«t^ ' 

going to keep alK)ul forty bens n» I ♦hint 

M.'kei; "'r,,'"""* '" 4g« t^n ?her'e?s'l^ 

h"ns f(" i«v In n^'nY" ^"'■•' '''""'' "•""" ''"• mv 

a"d";.wlr,V?„''3em'SL['^'^^ '"•'' •■"'°" «"*' °"- 

^^ riles- We"wJnt /'"""?• '^'"■'""". Texas, 
f.'ll owing thel? o«."n "^""l "^ '•I'fa'-d'' Hilldren 
parent "Shlftti^ i^Io°w'\"^hl'ld'^"to°^I?c't"^t: 

Jo beconje s;n-h"ar;i^.me di^' ::rnC, "^;::i 

the great army of dysper.tKs bear , it v 
former assertbju. I would rather see mv 
son, whon grown. It being <:.m1s pUsm,- •> 

r^hJ sk•eat"^of^?■","''' •''^'"'"^ '•'' ''-"^^ 
lo.i .1 *^"' P^ '•''* '"■'J^v at a machinists 
lathe the engine throttle, behind the a„e 

od ...'^■h' T' ,r-'' »'""'."•"'•'»• labor, abo've a 
noa carrier, than a shyster lawyer .nmd' 
physician, a hypocritical minister or a un 

or their respective professions. I would 
rather see my daugl.ter measuring (•« 11 • 
in^n''.',^'^,.''''!""'' 'nanlpulating a vpewrl ( r 
and thnal y becoming the wife of an ii.mes? 

walT/''.- »''""• \^'}r ;'""''^' Profl.lemy In the 
waltz become belle of the town, the raJe .f 
the season and marrying some etnptv &ed 
son of arIstocra<y. who has llnh' to boas, 

lUe cb Id s natural bent Is above menlni 
?rvw'^; "r. t»'t .?tage. don't spend a 
trying to "make" something of It that t 

Is t,r^xX^^ '- '^^ -'"'- -tbai"a"\.a'[ 
viy."""- ." .^^etmlller. Klkllck. Pa. writes- 

Ing or mending. The best part of w?noit 
wrappers may be used f(.r maklne kk< hon 

LiJ.'^. . *' ; '"'^ smal p eces are alwnvs 

.uTnL'"a's?r:sv"s"'- "'^/"''' ™»''''ne"befo.e 

("iiing. as It saves so much sewlni! after tbev 

are cut Then there are still smaM ideces I ^^ 

ha are too small to work tip ^.r ( ar e racV 

f,/r n rn" '. '"* ""' "" ^^'^ '^'''t^ rags to use 
for ura|.|)lng up cut or sore Angers \\axl 
a book satchel to put them In and hani t In 
\'ony^n\i'M pla(e where meirfolks Sr tie 
children can help themselves Tlu^n there 
are po.-kets of coats, pants and vests i lit 
them off and put them In my seed bag Thev 
are so haiulv to put seeds III when Ln the Hn^ 
""1 •'■"", «'«n-V-\ know where find t er^*' 

Always hav.. a basket or Ih.x for "our a^: 

can have them heln sew T»,»v ilIJ . * ' 
Which one (an malle^'lhe laViVst 'fe/" T. 
also sew a gr..«t many on the sewing m.achliie 
as I, p.cs mu. h faster than sewing ""hatM? 
|Uhen sewing on the machine lao t be in iJ 

stay nice and bright until w,irn out. 

THe Care of Blankets. 

Never let blanRets remain in ser- 
vice after tHey are soiled; dirt 
rot« tHe fibre and invites xnotKs. 
Because of the peculiar saw-tootK 
formation of virool Hair it is neces-' 
sary tKat a soap made of tHe best 
materials be used; a cHeap soap, 
especially one wKicK contains 
rosin, will cause tHe blanKet to 
become Hard by matting tHe fibre. 

To Waxh Blanket, and Rmtaln th,lr Joftnmat. 

^nfifJ"*" .^''fV"'^' °' ^"""^ ^"'•P '" bo'linir water, add cold water 
until nearly lukewarm. Immerse a blanket and knead with the hS 

Sa^ilL 'n *?'" *"'" '" *"'='' •'^° *°'"« 'vory Soap has been 
dl.»lved. Dry in a pl.c. that i. neither veo- warm nor v." coiX 

Youth's Parliament. 


only companion was Satan, who Is the author 
of KU(h tricks, lie Is. the overseer, as no one 
else could manage such cruelty. Along ,ame 
n poor. Innocent mother bird hunting food 
for her young. She hopped with joy and 
chirping Into the trap and down went the 
door. 'Ihe boy went up to the cage, caught 
her. and, In spite of her pleading and flut- 
ti-rlng, put both her eyes out and then put 
her back In the cage. Then he spread stiff 
tar all around on the branches of the tree 
where the cage was fastened, then went back 
to his resting place and watched the other 
birds fly there to see what made this poor 
bird cry so piteously. Down they went on 
the tarred bran(-lies. never to rise again, but 
to await the torment the bad boy had in store 
for them. These did not fare quite like the 
flrst one. because It was i>iit In the cage 
while these lost their eyes and were let go' 
Oil what fun for that boy to see them bump 
against one tree then another and another 
and so on until out of sight ! Then another 
bird would be treated In like manner, and 
•H«. on until they were all (lying alxuit In their 
terrible agony. This was the boy's whole en- 
joyment. For years j.eoj.le told him It was 
a sin. but he would only laugh. Time and 
again he was told but to no advantage; all 
was vain admonitbm. Time passed. He be- 
came a young man. loved and wooed a com- 
panion for life. Time still went on and he 
was happy, forgetting what sins he had com- 
mitted, until a little child came to his house 
'••"t lo. It was blind. After a while another 
came, but with eyes that could see. Then 
another but It was sightless. A fourth one 
<ame wlihoiit sight, and a fifth one also 
blind. So you see this was n(.t a comm<m 
thing for one family to have four blind chil- 
dren out of Ave. .So what conclusion will 
we come to'/ Was this not sent upon his 
(hlldrcn b.vause of his wicked treatment to 
th(me iK'autlful. Innocent little birds'/ Hoys 
you who dellKht lu cruel sport, don't you 
think that was dear fun for that boy? The 
father. I think, suffered the most because 
he brought It upon his children, and of 
course, he knew It; that Is what caused 
■uch hearta.hes. Probably he had great 
plans laid f.-r the future, but they never 
came to lass. tine thing we do know— It Is 

always best to treat every living creature 
just as we wish ourselves to be treated, and 
then we will not be guilty of sin. It does 
me good to read what the little boys and 
girls say In the 1'. l\ about being kind to ani- 
mals. Don't rob the poor mother bird of 
the beautiful eggs she loves so well. Just 
think of the hard hearted boy of years ago 
and say "I'll never be guilty of a cruel deed." 

I "And the sins of the fathers shall be v's- 
Ited upon the children even to the third and 
fourth generation." — Bible. — Ed. J 

Mary K. I.ayton, LaFayette, Ind.. writes- 

have never written for the public before' 

s,.h'".'''V"" •;■''' """^ 'n the flfih grade at 
.scho,,l. .>fy teacher's name Is Jennie I'lcken 
i like her for a teacher real well. I have 

bi^re^''""'*'"- ^^'•* ""^'^ « '"•''• to go, bu? 

n-lJ ? «,"*•'"" to haul us t.» school There 
are about fifteen to ride In the wagon. \Ve 
orirs" ."n,V"J^ and a .a.f, two horses* and sll.. 
n^;. r' "'""** ••'»l^k''U"^- We have a farm of 
twenty four acres. My brothers got tvro 
crows the (lay before Deforatlon Day but one 
of them died and one of them Is still living 
He comes In for something to eat. and If we 

nmr '.'"„'"" """.'' .'"' ^"' *•«' whit he want! 
and then go and find a small hole and put 


Our Split Hickory Special Bugg^. S47Td. 

C«rr'i-!ir'r«E",*.' •'IS'*'''' < atHloifUP free. Ohio 
C«rrl.Ke .nik. Co., motion a7,Cl*«lBn«U.U. 

Condensed Milk^ 

f'an be made on the farm a.s eaallv an butter or cbee«e 

o I -,utS-I*"V'r',*'T."'' P^^H'-t""- A farn^eT-:!" 
OKI mitwcrlUr of Ihe Farnier-ha« perfected a homil 

& tbe'n'X'.' ' Add^:?,"" ""' """" "• '""'='' «"«« 
O. R. ■ONB»KAK«. W«e4«t«.. Ka.. 


Bronchitis, Hoaraeneaa, 

Sore Throat, 

Effectively Relieved. 


Slgnatwe of 


I Tn my estimation true Incidents are better 
♦hail any Imaginary thing we , an wrlie 
about; something that will be a help for 
grown people and a warning to the voiing i 
for the future depends upon the children of 
today. That Is why I am going to- tell y,.,, 
alK>ut a very hard hearted boy. lie was n 
inan years ago and today his children are 
classed among the middle aged. 

For various reasons the writer will not 
name any names. „„r say where he lived We 
start with hira when he was a small Ik.v. and 
It will not take b^ng to ilnd out what his 
greatest enjoyment was. It was m.t at the 
house or burn with dogs. cats, horses, colts 

ria' . n.I""'* '*"^" "' ""'">•• l-t «*a.v from 

(the buildings where father or mother did 

not see him. For he knew very well I they 

.rr,""; "I";.." ''■"""' '" """-^ '"" "" "'« 
part. Jus like some lK>ys of the present tiav. 

whfl I,'"; r '""'' "' '"'*'•"■ '" ♦'•"•'• '"'t 
-rned.> ^^ell our hard hearted Imy went to 
the woods with some bait and a bird (age 
fixed them In a tree with trigger work, and 
sat down with the string In hli band III. 



No matter what your ideas or preferences 
are about a rifle, some one of eight differ- 
ent Winchester models will surely suit 
you. Winchester Rifles are made in all 
calibers, styles and weights ; and which- 
ever model you select, you can count on 
Its bemg well made and finished, reliable 
in action and a strong, accurate shooter. 

FREE Send your namt and addrttt on a poitat 

card for our 194 pott tUiutrattd catatogut. 






I ■ 


I '■ 



I i 


Thk Practical Karmer 

January 24, 1903. 

Our Experience Pool^ 

"KxiK-ru-nct! la the best tfurher." 'I'JiIh K.x|H'rlfiice 
I'oiil will In- IX wiM'kly Kuriuer's Iimtltiiitt- for tlit- t-x- 
clmiiice of iinnijciil UWua !>>■ |iru<-ti('ul luriiiiTH. We 
WBlil tlii'iij to ;'l\i- lln-lr I'xpcrleiici', un wi'll uh hiiKgest 
topics lor (iiliire ilwcuHHioii. Wi* pulilixli this tlHimrt- 
ui»-rit HO iliut ull iiiiiy liHs*- tliH iH-rietit ol tlif laiiKil)lf, 
liru'-tlcul »*x|H'rlftii;e of otlii-rs on cvt-ry hwlijfct |«T- 
tulniiiK to tlie (urrii. Irf-t ull I'oritrilititH. A cunIi prize 
Of So (f iili will Ije piilil for tlif Ix-Ht <-urilriliiitlo(i, i') 
ceiiU for eac-li oilier coiitrllnitioii piiljlisheil. 'I'lie only 
uiiilltiun \» tliut you ure a yeurly Hiifiscriber to tlie 
jmijer. Write on one slile of paiMT only. (Jii upper 
left liaml corner murk plainly the niinilier of the topic 
you write about. Articles un ull topics must t>e In our 
liunilM ut least three weeks U-fore puhlieatlun. Do not 
lorget to su^tgest uheuii topics tor cIlMcusHlori. Adtlresa 
lillooiiimunlcatluua to Tui!:Ki>iroK, Uux«iiti6, Italeigh 


iiiuku It 

N. Y. - 

iiiui for 

I he host 

buy tli<> 

and they 

Toj)li- No. r>-.M. Kcb. 7. — What Sort of a 
bioodir ilu Voit Luc fur Invubutur Cliivkst 

Q'oitic No. ."..".!». I.I). U.-Z/oic .Ire I'urmirs' 
I iiftilnli K \tiiiiiiiii il in yiiiir Sirlion, iiml in 
What Wui/ ill, ) nil Tliink Tlnil ciin be 
Jtnfiioi'il and Mmli More Jhliiliil to the 
/■'iii'mi'i.s * 

L'l. — (Iruuinij TomiitocH 
t'liiloif). W'iiul Vuiiity 

Iti^t, unit lluir lilt \itu 
fioiii Start to t'inixhf 

■JH.—lfair Ymt Adopt! d 
Ann Kiiuli iiiittir Ml thud of I iiiiiniiinij Vuur 
Kud litint 1 1 Ku, Huw utid Witli Wliat 


Topic No. TftiL'. 

Topic No. ."t;ii. I'll) 
fur tlic ('aiiiiiiui 
/Ian iuii J'oiiiiil 
Manaiji- tin Crnii 

Topic No. r.tJI. I 'eh 

iiuud fall I 
Topic No. .Mi 

.Mardi l.—llarc \i,ii ItaiHcd 
Wilhoiit Milkf If SI). Jloicf 

-■ - .\liu-cli 14. — What \ aril tiiH 

of I'iiirH linn Vuu loiiiid Moitt f'rofitubli , 
and lluir ill, Yon Ciiltinitr and I'aik for 
Maikrtf llari Dtcurf Trent Hirn t'rufil- 

Topic No. r.(i4, Mnr.h '21. —For tht- Lndlva. 

How dij 1 OH Mitki Ilu Washinif of ttislnn, 

I'utx and I'an.^ h.axii r and not at the Ex- 

p<nni- of Time and flianlinrxHf 
Topic No. rit;."i. .\lurch lis. Hun \ou 

Tried Flat rnltnn irilh Cotton, and 

in the IIikI IHslnnei to Thin in the 

and lietiriin tin Uoiiaf 
Tonic No. r>t;(!. Ainll 4. — How Du \nu Kuiat 

Turkiyn, and Whnt Itrml is liixlt 

What I 


Topic No. 556. -What Have You Found 
to be the Most Economical Roofing 
Material for Farm Buildings ? 

Ceo. W. Allinnn, Gordonsvlllc Va. — I have 
used shingles, pine, cedar atid chestmir. boili 
MQwed and liiiiidniade; .sheet iron, tin and 
the pie.ssed tin sliini;le.s. In mv experien..- 
In Western Indliina I found the most eto 
nomhnl iMoilnu material to l)e the redw<*od 
Khlnj{leH from the I'acidc coasf. Iiealern In 
the West ( eiilrul State.s handle theui iu 
carload lots and retail them at from $_'.Tr> 
to if:; .">(i per thousaiKl. I always prefer 
uhlntfles for a Imrn, for the Kuses arlsln< froin 
the Ktiibles <ans*« the metal to corrode and 
Koon lail. iSesides. metal roofs on hav harns 
are too hot to work under in piittini; away 
liny. When metal is used on barns tliey 
Khould be sheuihed c'lose and jmper used under 
the loolinK to protect il from the K'ases. 
When building my house here near (Jordons- 
V II.-. I used a metal shinjtie, which lias not 
Jfiv.-n perf.-ct satisfaction. I believe the 
most eci.iHjmiiiil rootint; for this section Is 
a good irrade of tin put on with a stanilinjr 
Hpnra and well soldered at all the Kiitlers 
and valleys. Where one wants a more artls- 
tii- roof at a Ki-eater cost, tliere are styles of 
m"tal shiuKles which kIvc satisfaction. 

.r. K Cass. SkaKif. Wash. -We are in the 
ret cedar sliinjrie district one of the Kreat 
ludiistries ..f th,. I'ujfet Sound region beini: 
tlie maniifaciure of these. It makes, bv 
iiniveisiil consent, out- of the best all around 
loollnK materials obininable. r.ut a still bet- 
ter roof for ordinary farm bulidiuKs liere is 
made of what are (ailed ■shakes. ' That Is 
the clear.-r portions of the cedar timber are 
riyed out Into pieces, say «; or H Inches 
wide, and one half Inch In thickness. These 
are .{ f.-et in length and are laid double on i 
the roof, eai h course laiipluR .*< or 4 Inrhes 
upon the one below. The surface of these I 
shakes Is a series of lonKltudinal grooves I 
carryluK off tlie water better than a smooth i 
HhlnKie. The roof laths need be onlv li fi'et ' 
H Inches between, ho roof Is mii.h lighter and 
less expensive. This Is the common roof off 
ail the lar«e barns hereabontH. Lasts tifty 
years or more. 

ThoH. H. Strain. Wellsburjc, W. Va — The 
most economical, durable and satisfa.tory 
roof for IlKht frame buildings on the farm 
1 think. Is the Hat sheets, edges V < rimped' 
galvanized iron. It comes 2 feet wide and Iri 
most any length. It can be itut on bv anv- 
orie rapidly. It does not need painiliic atid 
wl I not rust on the under side as some 
painted rn.-tal roofs do. It is a noisy roof 
III storms but It Is said to spread and dissi- 
pate any llghtiiinK strikinK it. It comes In 
\arylnK thicknesses <.r paiig.s. whbh makes 
a difference In the price. If is mu. h higher 
now than wh^-n we roofed several vears ago 
I'robably !f:t..-,(i p^p scjuare would be the 
average. It Is called galvanized steel now. 

W. r. Kmbry. I»ade Cltv. Fla We have 
here large forests of cypress and many 
shingle mills, and tlnd that second or third 
<iass «ypress shingles are good and make 
cheaper roofs than anything else we <an get 
<"nsldering durability. .Many thousands of 
these shingles go to the homes on the beau- 
tiful Hudson in New York. 

J. K. Johnston. New Wilmington, T'a — 
Ihe best and cheapest roof is the shingle 
slate roof. This roof costs $.'{.7."» when put 
on and this Is less than the cost of the best 
shingles. Put on with copper or galvanized 
nails if will be there for .your children and 
grand, hlldren. The slate used is 14x"4 
npping 4 Inches the horizontal wav and i 
Inches the other way. so that each slate 
covers nx2<» Inches and Is speedily laid 
The cost lan he reduced bv bnving tlie slate 
punched and laying It voiirself" Slate for a 
wagon shed of IS s.inares cost me f.T pep 
"qnare and mv son and myself laid It la 
one and a half days. 

(Von fortunately live where the 
Is at iiand and ciieap. in most othet 
tli<> freight iiii,' of the slate would 
a very costly roof. — ICi). | 

Mrs. Martha Stlnson. Kden Centre 
Have nothing l)iit sliint^les. 
this locality they are the best, and 
shinj;les arc Ihe cheajiest. I can 
best i-cd cedar shingles for .^.'{.."(O 
uii:ke a very j)eruianent roof. 

J. \V. Uagland. Aulxirn, Ky. — A roof made 
of oak sliiiitiics made liy iiand. '1 feel long 
and ."> Inches widi-. with all the sap cui out, 
inuki's a roof good for all purjioses. .Nail them 
on showing 7 Inches and have the shingles 
nailed near the lower end to keejt from I'lirl- 
iiig uji. Such a roof will last 2.) years with 
little or no need for repair. 

W. I'. Kockwell. Uome. I'a. — After a study 
of the rooting prohleiu. I have found that 
tiie .Neponsel IJed Kope Koolillg, covered with 
two coals of Dixon's Silica <irapiilte paint, 
to be the most ecoiiiunical rooting for farm 
buildings. I have vai'ious oiitlxiildlngs cov- 
ered Willi II. some fiu- over seven years, and 
to all appearance its good as ever. I have 
several buildings covered with .the best hem- 
lock shingles I coul<l get and in seven years 
the e.\p()sed iiaiis are all gone. There are 
a number of iron and steci roofs In this sec- 
lion, \viii(li iiavi' to lie painted once a year, 
and even then many of tieui are leaking 
badly owing to rusilng fioni lnMieaih. A 
nelgiiiiiir has a tin roof on a house not .so 
long as my .Nepons.'l by s.-veral years, and II 
Is leaking, thouyli painted several times. 
Slate, loo. is more expensl\'e. but I have seen 
several slaie roofs wlii do/ens of iiroken 
slates that need woik and skill to repair. If 
one could gel good cedar shingle?! they niiglil 
do as well as the .Nep.ius.-I. hut here they 
w<»uld cost more. I have n.-v.-r .seen any of 
the f»it roofs that would not soon lie llying 
in the wind. 1 have n<i liigh opinion of' the 
coal tar prepa nil ions for i-oofs. for they soou 
melt and bi-come worthless. 

S. J. I'atton, Mosgrove. I'a.- In lS!il a 
steel roof was used on a iinrn. Constant 
vigilance and annual painting have kept it In 
giiod repair, hut ih.- ini.'nse heat when stor- 
ing crops is almost sulTocating. A good 
wooden roof is hcst for a barn. \ tin roof 
put on tile dwelllii;; In 1 s.s'.t has given salis- 
faclion, but li lias to be painted thougli not 
more than lialf as ofieu as liie barn roof of 
steel. .\ shingle roof is Hie hesi for the barn 
and n slate loof f..i- the <l\velling. 

^V. W. Hickman. Tipton. Mo.- I have used 
Willie pine iiiid lypr.'ss shingles and piefer 

the cypri'ss. liiough thi- pin es are clieap- 

er. A great deiil of lar j.ap.'r rooiing lias 
been used here, hut has not given saiisfai- 
tion. Some tin and iron also are used, but 
ir not paliiieil well almost every year they 
soon riisi out. Some redwood shingb's are 
Ix'lng used, but tot lung enough to tell how 
long they will last. 

I If you live I'lng enough to see ft good 
Callforni;i redwood slilngle lot voii will have 
a long life. We ihink. i:i>. | 

Nathan Clair. Newliall, .Mo There Is noth- 
Ing s.( sailsfaclory ixx good shingles. A 
splendid graile of Washingion redwood 
slilngles can be had here f.>r $:{ |»er thousand 
and if naib-d on witii galvanized imils will 
make a roof tliai will last many vears. The 
various tin and iron roofs will "soi.n rust out 
unless kept constantly painted ami in the 
end they are not so nal isfa.torv nor cheap 
as a slilngle roof. For < ribs and hog siieds 
pliM' boards wllh grooves ciit along the edges I 
make a roof. I use boards dressed on 
one side and paint th.-m before laying 

Mrs. .1. M. I'lilliain, King. N. C. Here In 
North Carolina, where we have pieniv of 
oaks, boards have served belter than 
anything els.-. A roof <o\ wiih oak 
lioards lasts from 'Jo to i;.". v.-ars and some- 
times more by a little pnt.hing I'p to the 
present time the farmer could not do belter