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Full text of "A practical guide to a scientific study of the German vocabulary"


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®Ifor^ German Scries 

General Editor: JULIUS GOEBEL, Ph.D. 

PROFESSOR OF GERMANIC LANGUAGES IN THE UNIVERSITY OF IIXINOIS 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE 

TO A SCIENTIFIC STUDY OF 

THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



BY 

AUGUST PREHN, Ph.D. (munster) 

COLUMBIA GRAMMAR SCHOOL, NEW YORK 



NEW YORK 

OXFORD UNIVERSITY PRESS 

AMERICAN BRANCH: 35 West 32ND Street 

LONDON, TORONTO, & MELBOURNE, HENRY FROWDE 

1912 



Copyright, igi2 
BY OxFOiLD University Peess 

AMERICAN BRANCH 



TO 
F. W. C. LTEDER 



PREFACE 

In the present manner of teaching the vocabulary of the 
German language much time and energy are wasted. This 
waste is due chiefly to a general lack of system in the 
traditional method of teaching a vocabulary. 

The several hundred words presented in grammatical text- 
books are extremely difficult to memorize, and after they have 
been committed to memory, it is equaUy difficult to identify 
them in a printed text or in conversation. After pupils have 
received instruction for two or three years, they are unable to 
read at sight an easy German book, and neither they nor 
their teachers have cause to remember with pleasure these 
years of toil. 

Many years ago the author, reahzing this condition, attempted 
in his own classes to remove as many obstacles as possible. 
Primitive experiments justified the labor involved. Continued 
work along those lines has resulted, after many years, in the 
present text. 

The general appearance of school-books creates impressions 
upon the minds of pupils which, as a rule, become permanent. 
Bulky grammars with small vocabularies are largely respon- 
sible for the mistaken idea that fists of declensions and con- 
jugations represent the soul and body of a language. 

In preparing this book the author has been guided by the fol- 
lowing beliefs: (i) That the vocabulary of the German language 
may easily be grasped by ordinary minds; (2) That acquiring 



Vi PREFACE 

a vocabulary is the most important feature in learning the lan- 
guage; (3) That grammar is a subordinate part of the work; 
(4) That the vocabulary and the grammar of a language should 
be acquired simultaneously; (5) That the grammar ought to be 
used as an aid in securing correctness. 

As most teachers of German are accustomed to follow the 
lead of a text-book containing a limited vocabulary and an 
extensive grammar, the author offers to users of this book the 

following 

Suggestions 

Before assigning a definite lesson, read \\'ith the class in 
different parts of the first division a few pages for the specific 
purpose of displaying the great possibiUties for rapid advance- 
ment. The identification by inspection of hundreds of words 
arouses in the pupils' minds a liking for the new study which 
cannot possibly be attained by the sight of disconnected words 
of strange appearance. 

Point out in the second division the more important inter- 
relations of consonants. While theoretical explanations gen- 
erally fail to produce the expected results, the tabulations of 
words as presented in this book strongly appeal to the fancy 
of the pupils. 

Base the first lesson on Chapter I, C (Self-explanatory Verbs), 
assign by way of an experiment from twenty to thirty words 
for the first recitation, and increase or decrease the volume of 
the daily lesson according to the capacity of the class. 

At the same time teach as rapidly as possible, from the 
grammar selected for the purpose, an outline of conjugation, 
beginning with the synopsis of the auxiliary verbs. Add the 
synopsis of both regular and irregular verbs with l)aben and 
fein. 



PREFACE Vll 

Take the principal parts of the most important irregular 
verbs, distinctly grouped according to vowel gradations, and 
form from the very outset sentences for the purpose of showing 
the characteristic features of German construction. Have 
every sentence recited orally and from memory. Tliis exer- 
cise, which develops the faculty of connected speech, is of the 
utmost importance. 

Select next in order Chapter I, B (Self-ex-planatory Adjec- 
tives and Adverbs), and proceed to the declension of the definite 
article and of the pronouns which imitate its declension, to 
pave the way to an intelligent study of the most desirable 
nouns contained in Chapter I, A. 

This part of the work ought to be followed by selections 
from Chapter III (Derivatives). 

Numerous primary words having become the mental prop- 
erty of the pupils, the process of acquiring a knowledge of 
secondary and further formations does not offer any difi&culty. 
The faculty of word composition and word analysis is almost 
imperceptibly developed, and after about six weeks' study 
the first attempt at reading a complete book can be safely 
made. If the teacher feels that the class is ready to translate 
a book, he ought to write on the blackboard, by way of 
experiment, a paragraph from some easy German story and, 
according to the result, proceed immediately or wait a few 
more weeks. 

The discovery by the pupils that they can identify most of 
the words occurring in the text without consulting a dictionary 
is one of their most gratifying experiences, and the enthusiasm 
of the pupils will be heartily shared by the teacher who reahzes 
that he does not depend any longer on the dreaded introductory 
reader. 



Viil PREFACE 

The presentation to the class, at this early period, of reading- 
matter that appeals to the pupils and shows the German people 
in the light of an intelligent and progressive nation creates 
an interest which is a safeguard against the old-time spirit of 
ridicule which, in many instances, leads to an aversion to the 
study of German and to greater difficulties in discipline than 
any other line of instruction has to countenance. 

At this juncture the study of word-groups ought to be taken 
up. It would, of course, not be wise to follow the alphabetical 
order of events, and teachers ought to make their own selections 
(for instance, alt, jung, gro^, neu, ^^rcunb, Sanb, SBaffer, etc.). 

The introduction of these groups has been in all classes 
under the author's charge and observation a source of delight 
to students of all grades in the schoolroom and, in colloquial 
courses, in evening schools, to the educated and the illiterate. 
The opportunity of learning, without any special effort, from 
six to twelve or even more words just as easily as one word 
fascinates any pupil. It does not, however, impress every 
teacher as the proper thing to do. There are many members 
of the profession who earnestly believe that the sledge hammer 
is a more efficient tool than reasoning, and that saving of time 
for the pupil is an educational felony. 

While reducing the labor of word study to a considerable 
extent, the fundamental idea on which this book is based 
leaves a very great margin for study foi* pupils of every descrip- 
tion. Constructional difficulties of German texts and the 
intricacies of German grammar \^^ll remain the same that they 
were before. But besides eUminating the most obnoxious 
feature of word study, this method will enable the advocates 
of enormous assignments for home work to attain results which 
it has been impossible to accomplish by means of memorizing. 



PREFACE IX 

Teachers who prefer courses in reading can, by strictly 
adhering to the preceding outline, cover in sight translation 
during the first year with beginners from 400 to 600 pages of 
the texts which are used in all schools for second and third 
reading. 

Advocates of oral courses will be particularly benefited by 
taking up the study of word-groups at the earliest possible 
moment. The author's experiments in this field have led him 
to adopt a method which, after a few months of word study, 
can be easily applied in any grade. Tell, in the beginning, 
stories in German adapted to the character of the pupils, 
and have these translated into English by members of the 
class. After several months add stories in English and have 
these translated orally into German, or use a composition 
book. 

It has been claimed by teachers who have tried on the basis 
of Grimm's law to accustom their pupils to the identification 
of German words that such translations as @raf, giraffe, ©efell, 
gazelle, have led to a discontinuation of their attempts of 
developing the system any further. Similar mistakes are, 
doubtless, inevitable, but the sum total is as insignificant as 
the number of accidents resulting from the use of machinery 
by which millions of people are benefited. 

Pupils of German descent, who bring in a vocabulary which, 
in most cases, is far more limited than they imagine, can be 
associated with beginners without any disadvantage to them. 

The above outline of application has also been successfully 
applied to pupils who had had several years of previous experi- 
ence in memorizing words. The immediate relief and the clear 
prospect of faster progress are quickly perceived and appre- 
ciated by this class of students. 



X PREFACE 

For those who wish to trace the association of words that 
could not be alphabetically arranged a special index has been 
added in which will be found the number of the group to which 
the word belongs. As, however, this book is not intended to 
be a cyclopedia but a guide for teachers and students through 
school and college, its volume has been Hmited in proportion 
to the purpose which it is expected to serve, and the seeker 
for information is likely to miss, at times, what he is looking 
for and to find what he did not expect to see, and it is hoped 
that such discoveries may prove a compensation for omissions. 

It has been the experience of many teachers that too many 
rules rather confuse than enlighten the students. While, in 
mathematics, hundreds of examples are offered to illustrate 
certain conditions, books dealing with the study of a language 
present too many generaUzations instead of examples. 

For this reason, the hsts of prefixes and suffixes and the 
theory of Grimm's law, which can be found in almost every 
grammar, have been omitted, and their places have been taken 
by the Usts of words which clearly show what those general- 
izations mean. 

Moreover, nouns of like gender have been characterized as 
such; instead of repeating the definite article or the customary 
abbreviations, m., /., n., for instance, nouns ending in f)cit, 
feit, fd)nft, ung, etc. have been marked, "All feminine," and 
as they represent, in most cases, great numbers of words, the 
impression will be produced that the majority of German 
nouns can be easily classified as to gender, and that it is the 
minority that fail to indicate their gender. 

It is obvious that Kluge's Etymologisches Worterhuch der 
deulschen Sprache has been consulted in many instances; digres- 
sions from Kluge's interpretations will be quickly detected 



PREFACE XI 

and, it is hoped, appreciated by those who are thoroughly 
familiar with Kluge's book. The general plan and the inter- 
pretation of numerous derivations which naturally He beyond 
the scope of Kluge's dictionary are original. 

The author owes a debt of gratitude for encouragement and 
advice to Dr. F. W. C. Lieder, Instructor in German in Har- 
vard University, Mr. Paul R. Lieder, Professor Frank Vogel 
of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Mr. D. B. 
Duncan, teacher of English in the Columbia Grammar School, 
New York, and for many valuable suggestions regarding the 
general arrangement of the subject-matter, to the General 
Editor of the Oxford University Press, Professor Julius Goebel 
of the University of Illinois. 

It is the author's sincere wish that the users of this book 
will derive from its pages as much gratification as he himself 
and his pupils have done during the preparation of this volume, 
when even the Hmited material that could be offered to the 
class in default of the complete book has been productive of 
results which have made the study of the German language 
what every teacher expects it to be. 



CONTENTS 

I. Self-explanatory German Words and their Derivations 

PAGE 

A. Nouns 3 

1. Geography and astronomy 3 

2. Town, house, and household 4 

3. Nature 5 

4. Mammals 6 

5. Body of mammals 7 

6. Fishes and reptiles 8 

7. Birds 8 

8. Insects and worms 9 

9. Plants, shrubs, and trees 9 

10. Stones and metals 11 

11. Time 12 

12. Chemistry 13 

13. Measures and weights 14 

14. Instruments and utensils 15 

15. The human body 16 

16. Family and persons generally 18 

17. Clothing 20 

18. Food and beverages 21 

19. Medicine 22 

20. Religion 23 

21. Political terms 26 

22. Army and Navy . 27 

23. School, art, and literature 30 

24. Music 34 

25. Science 35 

26. Law 36 

27. Transportation 37 

28. Trades and commerce 37 

29. Amusement and games 39 

30. Abstracts 4° 



Xiv CONTENTS 

PAGE 

B. Adjectives and Adverbs 41 

C. Verbs 42 

D. Prepositions 46 

n. German Words which can be made Self-explanatory by 
THE Substitution or Consonants or Vowels 

A. Consonants 46 

German b, §§ 1-4 46 

" d), §§S-i2 47 

" rf, §§ 13-1S 48 

b, §§ 16-18 49 

" f, §§ 19-21 SO 

g, §§ 22-27 5° 

" j, §28 SI 

" f, §§29-30 SI 

" I, §§31-34 52 

mm, §§ 35-36 S2 

" n, §§37-38 53 

" <J, §§39-40 53 

" <jf, §§ 41-43 S3 

r, §§ 44-45 S4 

" f, §§46-49 54 

" fd), §§ 50-55 55 

" t, §§56-58 56 

" ^,§§59-60 58 

to, § 61 58 

English w missing in German, § 62 ... . 58 

" 3, §§63-68 58 

B. Vowels 59 

German ao, §§ 69-71 59 

" 0, §§72-Si 60 

" a, §§82-91 61 

" oi, §§ 92-93 ^- 

" ou, §§ 94-107 62 

c, §§ 108-117 64. 

cc, §§ 118-122 66 



CONTENTS 



XV 



PAGE 

German ci, §§ 123-133 66 

cu, §§ 134-148 68 

», §§ 149-158 69 

tc, §§ 159-167 70 

0, §§ 168-182 72 

00, §§ 183-184 73 

ij, §§ 185-193 74 

u, §§ 194-206 74 

«, §§ 207-215 76 

A small list of words subject to more than one change, 

§ 216 78 



ni. Derivatives 



I. 



Adjectives based on adjectives 78 

(a) inig 78 

(b) inl'xdi 78 

Nouns based on the preceding adjectives ... 79 
Adverbs 79 

( c) in cn^ 

(^') in lid) 

(c) in fam 

Nouns based on adjectives 



(a) 
{b) 
ic) 
id) 
(e) 
(/) 
(g) 
(h) 

(i) 
(k) 



m c 



79 
79 
79 
79 
79 



S- 
6. 

7- 



in f)eit 80 

in tgfcit 80 

in fcit 80 

inttot 8 

in ni^ 8 

in fdjoft 8 

in turn 8 

in ung 8 

Simple formations 8 

Various formations 8 

Verbs based on adjectives and adverbs .... 8 

Nouns based on the preceding verbs 82 

Adjectives based on verbs in I, C 83 

(a) in bat 83 



XVI 



CONTENTS 



8. 
9- 



lO. 



II. 



12. 



(h) inftoft 

(f) in tg 

(d) inm 

(e) in lid) 

(/) in lo^ 

(g) in rctd) 84 

(h) in fam 84 

(i) showing the prefix un 84 

Nouns based on the preceding adjectives ... 84 
Nouns based on verbs in I, C 84 



PACT 

83 
83 
83 
83 
84 



Simple formations 84 



(b) ine . . . 8s 

(f) in Ci 85 

((f) in cl 86 

(e) in en 86 

(/) in cr . . . ._ 86 

(g) in f)Ctt 87 

(//) in ling 87 

{i} inm§ 87 

(k) int 87 

(/) in turn 87 

(m) in ung 87 

( «) Foreign words 88 

(o) Increased by the prefix ge 88 

Inseparable verbs based on adjectives .... 89 

(a) Prefix be 89 

{b} Prefix cnt 89 

(c) Prefix cr 89 

(d) Prefix tier 90 

Nouns based on the preceding verbs 90 



(a) Simple formations 

(b) in en 

(c) in cr 

(d) in ung 

Inseparable verbs based on verbs in I, C . 

(a) Prefix 6c 

(b) Occurring in the past participle only 



90 
90 
91 
91 
92 
92 
93 



CONTENTS XVU 

PAGE 

(c) Prefix cnt 93 

(d) Occurring in the past participle only ... 93 

(c) Prefix cr 93 

(/) Prefix gc 94 

(g) Prefix tier 94 

(//) Special uses of the past participle .... 96 

(/) Prefix 5Cr 96 

13. Adjectives based on the preceding inseparable verbs 96 

(a) intiar 96 

(&) in ifd) 97 

(c) in lid) 97 

(J) in font 97 

14. Nouns based on the preceding adjectives ... 97 

15. Nouns based on the preceding inseparable verbs . 97 

(a) Simple formations 97 

(6) in en 98 

(c) in cr 98 

id) in {)cit 98 

(e) in nt^ 98 

(/) in ung 98 

IV. Word-groups 99 

V. Supplementary Vocabulary, showing the Location or those 
Words which, owing to their Relations to other Words, 
COULD not be Arranged in the Preceding Groups in 
Strictly Alphabetical Order 235 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC STUDY 
OF THE GER:\IAX VOCABULARY 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 
STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



SELF-EXPLANATORY GERMAN WORDS AND 
THEIR DERIVATIONS 



A. NOUNS 



1. Geography and Astronomy 



Masculine 

^quotor, equator 

Stftronom, astronomer 

SttlO!^, atlas 

JBerg, (iceberg) mountain 

©runb, ground 

^ofcn, haven, port 

^orijont, horizon 

Slanal, canal 

Canton, canton 

Slomet, comet 

Hratcr, crater 

9?orben, north 

Often, east 

^IJlan, plan 

5JStanet, planet 

^ol, pole 

Sec, (sea) lake 

Strom, (stream) river 

Siibcn, south 

Sunb, sound 

XunncI, tunnel 

ICuIfan, volcano 

SBcften, west 

3cnit^, zenith 



Feminine 

JBot, bay 

Sarte, chart, map 
Sagunc, lagoon 
iDJeilc, mile 
Dofc, oasis 
*)8(ottc, plateau 
5)3rot)in5, province 
5l5t)ramibe, pyramid 
(©ce, sea, ocean 
(2pf)(ire, sphere 
2!crroffe, terrace 
3one, zone 

Neuter 

^ap, cape 
SlUmo, climate 
SRoor, moor (heath) 
SRiff, reef 
2^errttortum, territory 

Plural only 
itrotJen, tropics 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 
Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 
9l6nrunl>, abyss 
(iJrunbcr, founder 



remimne 



5lftronomic, astronomy 
SBegriinbung, founding 



(yrunblid)fcit, thoroughness 
©riiubung, foundation 
Strijmung, current 

Neuter 
©edirgc, range of mountains 



Derivative Adjectives 



oftronomifd), astronomical 
bcrgig, mountainous 
gcbtrgig, mountainous 
griinbiid), fundamental 
()ort5ontal, horizontal 
flimotifd), climatic 



nijrblic^, northern 
iiftlid), eastern 
fiiblid), southern 
Dulfanifd), volcanic 
ttjcfttid), western 



Derivative Verbs 



obforten, concert, plot 
bcgriinbcn, found, prove 
entftromcn, stream from 



griinben, ground, found 
ftrijmen, stream 



2. Town, House, and Household 



Masculine 

9lrrf)itcft, architect 
S3oIfon, balcony 
^'omm, dam, carriage road 
2^tftrift, district 
^lur, floor (hall) 
©ietid, gable 
^olaft, palace 
©parrcn, spar 
©toll, stall, stable 

Feminine 
S3urg, borough, castle 
ajobcl, (gable?) fork 



©arbcrobc, wardrobe 
&a^c, gauze 
.•pafle, hall 
Jpiittc, hut 
Sompc, lamp 
SDitttrobe, mattress 
SDJattc, mat 
9Jtfcf)C, niche 
tpiunbcr, plunder 
JHcflbcn3, residence 
JRuinc, ruined castle 
Sdjtnbcl, shingle 
©tu()I, stool, chair 
JiUIIo, villa, cottage 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



Neuter 



^ttu^, house 
^otcl, hotel 



^abinctt, cabinet, room 
SJlaga^in, magazine, storehouse 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 
SBurgcr, citizen 

Feminine 

9(rtf)itcftur, architecture 
S8c()aufung, lodging 
SBiirgerfc^aft, commonalty 



^au^Iid)fctt, household 
^tiinbcrung, pillage 
StaUung, stall, stable 

Neuter 
©Cl^aufc, casing 



ftiirgcrlicf), civic 



Derivative Adjectives 

l^oui^UcI), domestic 

Derivative Verbs 



cinbammcn, dam in 
t)Iiinbcrn, plunder 

Masculine 
%t\)tt, ether 
SBranb, brand, fire 
9){agnct, magnet 
©onb, sand 
Stratib, strand, beach 
Sturm, storm 
SSinb, wind 

Feminine 
9(f(f)C, ashes 

5ltmofpf)orc, atmosphere 
^iinc, down 
Gtibc, ebb, tide 
g-Iammc, flame 
©rottc, grotto 



rmmcrcn, rum 



3. Nature 



2ot)tt, lava 
9Jotur, nature 
2^cmVcratur, temperature 

Neuter 
@(f)0, echo 
@ilanb, island 
6i^, ice 
g^cucr, fire 

g-irmament, firmament 
f^offtl, fossil 
@rapl)it, graphite 
5l?f)ant)tncn, phenomenon 
5Uf)Ontom, phantom 
SSettcr, weather 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Feminine 

Scftiirmung, storming 
6-inafd)cnin9, incineration 
gcucrunfl, fuel 
9Jaturticf)fcit, naturalness 



Derivative Nouns 

(straitbung, running aground 

Neuter 
©ehJtttcr, thunderstorm 
UnWctter, stormy weather 



Derivative Adjectives 

otfjcrifd), ethereal notiirlid), natural 

atmofpljarifd), atmospheric ^jljanomcnal, phenomenal 

cifig, icy ftiirmifcf), stormy 

fcurig, fiery toinbig, windy 
magncHfd), magnetic 

Derivative Verbs 



obfcucrn, fire off, discharge 
fiitfeucrn, inflame 
bcftiirmcn, storm, assail 
einfifdjcrn, incinerate 
cntflammcn, inflame 
fcucrn, fire 



magncHfiercn, magnetize 
ftranbcn, strand, be beached 
ftiirmcn, storm 

Dcrfanbcn, get covered with sand 
ttjittern, scent 



4. Mammals 



Masculine 
S3orf, buck 
mm, buffalo 
»uUe, bull 

®(ld)^, (dachshound) badger 
X'radjc, drake (poetical), dragon 
O^lcfant, elephant 
G-fcI, ass, donkey 
S-rofcf), frog 
JV-itcf)^, fox 
^unb, hound, dog 
Stater, (tom)cat 
2ud)§, lynx 
ajiarbcr, marten 



O^^, ox 
5t<anter, panther 
^Jubcl, poodle 
Sd)tmpanfc, chimpanzee 
©Her, steer 
SJigcr, tiger 
SBampljr, vampyre 
SBoIf, wolf 
Sobd, sable 

Feminine 
^ogge, (bull)dog 
OJflSClIc, gazelle 
©iraffc, giraffe 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



^tjSnc, hyena 
^latic, cat 
iluf), cow 
aifau^, mouse 
9}attC, rat 
(Ban, sow 

3'UHcn, filly 
^aib, calf 



Neuter 



Masculine 
©djiifer, shepherd 

Feminine 

©fclci, stupidity 
(Jfclin, jenny-ass 
S'Udjfin, she-fox, vixen 



affig, apish 
{)Unbifd|, doggish 



Jlomcl, camel 
2amm, lamb 
JHcl), roe 

gjcnnticr, reindeer 
£d)of, sheep 
Sd)tt)cin, swine, hog 
SBicfcJ, weasel 
3el)ra, zebra 

Derivative Nouns 

^iinbiit, dog 

9Jad)affung, aping, imitation 

USantcrin, jaguar 

©d)ofcrtn, shepherdess 

Sd)rt)cincrci, filth 

Sigcrin, tigress 

SSiilfin, she-wolf 

Derivative Adjectives 

fallicrig, acting like a calf, silly 
fcl)tt)cintg, dirty 



Derivative Verbs 



folbctn, act like a calf, silly 
maufen, steal like a mouse 



nadjaffcn, ape, imitate 
ticrl)un5cn, (dog) spoil 



5. Body of Mammals 
Masculine Neuter 

Jguf, hoof <^orn, horn 

Feminine S^Ite^, fleece 

9JJaf)nc, mane 

SJiifter, nostril ^ 

Derivative Noun 

Neuter 
©e^iirn, horns 



8 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Derivative Adjective 
i^brncrn, horny 



Masculine 
5lar, eel 
&ifcf), fish 
3'lunber, flounder 
-•pcring, herring 
iiar^jfcn, carp 
Streti^, crab 
OJogcn, roe, spawn 
<Balm, salmon 

Masculine 
jjifc^er, fisherman 



fifc^en, fish 



Masculine 
tialt(e), falcon 
S^afan, pheasant 
5inf, finch 
^obtrf)t, hawk 
fta^joun, capon 
Jtronicf), crane 
fiurfud, cuckoo 
5|SeHfan, pelican 
9}obc, raven 
Storrf), stork 



6. Fishes and Reptiles 

Feminine 
tJinnc, fin 
Otter, adder 
£arbinc, sardine 

Neuter 

Srofobil, crocodile 
9klj, net 

Derivative Nouns 

Feminine 
5"ifrf)crin, fisher-woman 
JJifc^erci, fishery 

Derivative Verbs 

frcbfen, crab 

7. Birds 

Feminine 
SBrut, brood 
!rounc, down 
^cnnc, hen 
5?ratic, crow 
£crcf)e, lark 
Sdjncvfc, snipe 
S(f)h)o(bc, swallow 
2'urtcltaul)C, turtledove 



Neuter 



3lt% nest 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 
Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 

^altner, falconer 
©finfcrid), gander 
^ai)n, rooster 
ijdubcric^, cock-pigeon 

firiitcn, brood, hatch 



Neuter 

©cftcbcr, feathers, plumage 
A^uljn, chicken 



Derivative Verbs 
niftcn, nest 



Masculine 



^loi), flee 



Feminine 
SBiene, bee 
Jlicgc, fly 
Jporntffc, hornet 



8. Insects and Worms 



Sartoc, larva 
Wlottc, moth 
S^ridjinc, trichina 
SScfpc, wasp 



Neuter 



^nfcft, insect 

Derivative Noun 

Neuter 

©Ctoiirm, worms, vermin 

Derivative Verb 
hjurmcn, fret, vex 



9. Plants, Shrubs, and Trees 



Masculine 
■Slpfcl, apple 
SBoum, (beam) tree 
SSIorf, block, log 
S8ud)lt»d5cn, buckwheat 
23ufd), bush 
^linger, dung 
@pf)cu, ivy 
S-Iad)^, flax 



g-orft, forest 
Qiaxten, garden 
^anf, hemp 
^opfcn, hop 
^a^min, jessamine 
^afao, cocoa 
$laftu§, cactus 
ilnollcn, knoll 
Sottic^, lettuce 



lO 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



SJJobcr, mud 
iJJnrf, park 
9{cis*, rice 

9{{)a()arl)cr, rhubarb 
Stnmm, stem 
Stumpf, stump 
S'abaf, tobacco 
2'rofl, trough 
SSalb, woods 
glucifl, twig 

Feminine 
iifirc, ear 
Stprifofc, apricot 
JBcerc, berry 
23irfc, birch 
JBIumc, (bloom) flower 
5Boi)nc, bean 
SButonif, botany 
SSudjC, beech 
battel, date 
6^td)C, oak 
(Sf^c, ash 
6^f)JC, aspen 
5-Iora, flora 
3-b(}rc, fir 

^ofclnuj?, hazelnut 
.^iirbc, hurdle 
ftaftonic, chestnut 
Jlerftc, carve, notch 
Slrcffc, cress 
SiHc, lily 
2inbc, linden 



SJJcIonc, melon 
S!)h)rtc, myrtle 
Sicffcl, nettle 
Viu\}, nut 
CliBC, olive 
5lJaImc, palm 
^appcl, poplar 
JHinbc, rind, bark 
iKofc, rose 
})iOfinc, raisin 
ScUeric, celery 
<BtoH)pet, stubble 
2'ulpc, tulip 
Ulmc, elm 
Sanittc, vanilla 
aSaliiuj?, walnut 
Scbcr, cedar 

Neuter 
93ect, bed 
SBouquct, bouquet 
5-arnfraut, fern 
J?clb, field 
&xa§, grass 
^CU, hay 
^orn, corn, grain 
Sauti, (leaf) foliage 
9J{ai^, maize, corn 
9JJal5, malt 
9{abie^d)cn, radish 
£trol), straw 
S>ctld)cn, violet 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 
J^orftcr, forester 



OJfirtncr, gardener 
9JJiiflcr, miller 



STUDY OF THE GEEMAN VOCABULARY 



II 



Feminine 

9l6ftommung, descent 
9lti5n)cigung, branching off 
Saubc, bower 
Stommigfett, sturdiness 
SBcrsttJcigung, ramification 



SBolbung, woodland 

Neuter 

©cbiifcf), bushes, thicket 
©efilbc, fields 
(ycjhjcig, branches 



Bclaufit, leafy 
bcwalbet, wooded 
bitdien, beechen 
bufdjig, bushy 
flo^fcn, flaxen 



Derivative Adjectives 



rofig, rosy 
ftammig, sturdy 
ftro()ig, strawy 
tjcrjrtjcigt, ramified 
toalbig, wooded 



obrinben, bark 

otiftammeit, rise from the stem, 

descend 
obsnjctgcn, branch off 
bdumen, rise like a tree, prance 
baumcln, dangle (as from a tree) 
belaubcn, cover with leaves 
botaniftcren, botanize 



Derivative Verbs 

bungcn, dung, fertilize 
cntlfluben, shed the leaves 
cntftammen, descend 
grofen, graze, cut grass 
t)cucn, make hay 
ferbcn, carve, notch 
tnobern, rot, decay 
tjcrblumen, express figuratively 



10. Stones and Metals 



Masculine 

^Ttamatlt, diamond 
:Sa^pt§, jasper 
aHormor, marble 
9JirfcI, nickel 
Cuarj, quartz 
9iubin, ruby 
Stat)!, steel 
Stein, stone 



Feminine 

SBron^C, bronze 
©cmme, gem 
^oi)k, coal 
^oraflc, coral 
*PerIc, pearl 

Neuter 

®oIb, gold 

5lrt)ftoII, crystal 



12 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



SWctaH, metal 
SJJincrot, mineral 
jpiotin, platinum 



©ilbcr, silver 
3tnf, zinc 
3tnn, tin 

Derivative Noun 

Feminine 

S^etftcincrung, petrifaction 



Derivative Adjectives 
golbcn, golden fto()Icrn, made of steel 

marmorn, made of marble ftcincrn, stony 



mctaJIifd), metallic 
mincralifc^, mineral 
ftlticrn, made of silver 

frtiftallificrcn, crystallize 
Vcrfcn, rise in pearls 
fta()Icn, steel, harden 
tocrgolbcn, gild 
t»crfol)Ien, carbonize 



ftcinig, stony 
Sinncrn, made of tin 

Derivative Verbs 

tierntcfcin, plate with nickel 
tierfilbcrn, silver, plate 
Dcrftctncrn, petrify 
bcrjinnen, tin 

11. Time 



Masculine 

g-rcitag, Friday 

^crbft, (harvest) autumn 

ftalcnbcr, calendar 

SDiittog, (midda}') noon 

SUJittrtJOd), (mid-wcck) Wednesday 

SJionat, month 

lUlontag, Monday 

Sommcr, summer 

Sojintag, Sunday 

aSintcr, winter 

Sflituor, January 

S'Cbruar, February 

SKors, March 



Sfprtf, April 
Wlai, May 
Suui, June 
Sua, July 
5luguft, August 
September, September 
Cftobcr, October 
Slobember, November 
Xcjember, December 

Feminine 
SWinute, minute 
5|Jertobc, period 
Sclunbe, second 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



13 



SScilc, while 
SBocfic, week 



Masculine 
yiaitimittaq, afternoon 
SJormittag, forenoon 

Feminine 
!togung, convention 



ahenUid), evening 
bcja()rt, aged 
hctaqt, elderly 
l^crbftlic^, autumnal 
jal)rltd), yearly 
monotUd), monthly 



Neuter 
2)atum, date 
SaJjr, year 

Derivative Nouns 

9Scrjaf)rung, superannuation 
SJertagung, adjournment 

Neuter 
Sal)rljunbcrt, century 
^afjrtaufcnb, millenary 
So()r5c()nt, decade 

Derivative Adjectives 

pcriobtfd), periodical 
fommcrlid), summer-like 
fonntagUc^, Sunday-like 
toglid), daily 
hJtnterUd), winterly 
mijdientlicf), weekly 



Derivative Verbs 

boticrcn, date ucrtagcn, adjourn 

tagcn, dawn, hold a meeting »cr>t)cilcn, while, linger 

t»erjo()ren, superannuate locUcn, while, linger 



12. Chemistry 



Masculine 
3(IfoI)oI, alcohol 
Stfpfjatt, asphalt 
SBoIfam, balsam 
^ipi^, gypsum 
^ait, (chalk) lime 
fiampfcr, camphor 
Scim, lime, glue 
^i)0^pf)OX, phosphorus 



Salmtaf, sal-ammoniac 
Sd)mccr, (smear) grease 
Spirttu^, spirits, alcohol 
2'alg, tallow 
'Xcev, tar 

^erpcntin, turpentine 
Sfropfcn, drop 
SBtsfmut, bismuth 
3tnno6er, cinnabar 



14 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Feminine 

Slpotfjcfc, apothecary's shop 
6I)cmic, chemistry 
^ottafd)c, potash 
Diafctc, (sky) rocket 
Sfctortc, retort 
©allic, salve 
(Sd^Iarfc, slag 
3cCc, cell 

Neiiler 
Cement, cement 



C?f)imn, quinine 
6I)tor, chlorine 
&a§, gas 

@h)5crin, glycerine 
^»)brat, hydrate 
Sob, iodine 

5lJutt)er, powder (pulverize) 
CvUcdfilbcr, quicksilver 
Salpctcr, saltpeter 
Strljdjnin, strychnine 
Sublimat, sublimate 
a>itrioI, vitriol 



Masculine 

9lpotf)cfcr, druggist 
(?I)cmifcr, chemist 
©lafcr, glazier 
2'ropfcr, dropper 
JBcrgofcr, carbureter 

olfo()onf(f), alcoholic 
balfamifd), balmy 



Derivative Nouns 

Feminine 
G'inlialfamicrung, embalming 
©lafur, potter's glazing 
S>erfalfung, calcination 



Derivative Adjectives 

djcmifd), chemical 
falfig, limy 



- Derivative Verbs 
teercn, tar 



triipfcin, drop, trickle 
tropfcn, drop 
bcrglafcn, glaze, vitrify 
ticrfalfcn, calcinate 



afp()oIticrcn, asphalt 
cinbalfamicren, embalm 
etnfampfcrn, cover with camphor 
glaficrcn, glaze 
Icimen, glue 
fo(ben, anoint 

13. Measures and Weights 

Masculine Feminine 

Sod, sack, bag Kanite, can 

Sio^jfcl, capsule 



ajioffc, mass 
SDJittc, middle 
ffljulbc, mold 
9Iutc, rod 
Unjc, ounce 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 

Neuter 



15 



Masculine 
JBcrtntttler, middleman 

Feminine 
Secnbigung, termination 



@nbe, end 
i^ormat, form, size 
@ron, grain 
Jlorat, carat 
%aax, pair, couple 
5|Jfunb, pound 

Derivative Nouns 

Gnbfoftgfctt, endlessness 
Uncnbli(f)feit, endlessness 
58crmittelung, mediation 
SSoIIenbung, completion 



cnblid), final 



Derivative Adjectives 

cnblo^, endless 



Derivative Verbs 
bcenben, finish formiercn, form 

bcenbigen, finish Bermittcin, act as a middleman 

cinfatfcln, put into a sack tioCenbcn, complete 

cnbcn, end 

14. Instruments and Utensils 



Masculine 

9(pparat, apparatus 
SBatlon, balloon 
S8ol5cn, bolt 
GtjHnber, cylinder 
X^riflbo()rcr, drill (bore) 
^afen, hook 
jammer, hammer 
$iamm, comb 
^cffcl, kettle 
Jlro^n, crane 



©d^oft, shaft 
Spoten, spade 
Stod, stick 
©tijpfcl, stopper 
Strang, string 
3trfel, (circle) compass 



Feminine 



Sa^re, bier 
SBiicftfc, box 
fjeilc, file 



i6 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTTFIC 



^urbcl, (curve) crank 
Saternc, lantern 
£infe, lens 
2IJaf(^inc, machine 
Wedfanit, mechanics 
5JJumpc, pump 
SRammc, ram 
9iaf)jel, rasp 
JRoHc, roll 
©d^aufcl, shovel 
<B(t)raubc, screw 
^itffcl, sickle 



Sptnbcl, spindle 
Svulc, spool 

Ul)r, (hour) clock, watch 
JBafc, vase 

Neuter 
Snftrument, instrument 
Sod^, yoke 
Slabcl, cable 
Sincal, (line) ruler 
^jScnbcI, pendulum 
XcUitop, telescope 



Masculine 
2Rof(ftintft, machinist 
SJJcc^onifcr, mechanic 



Derivative Nouns 

Feminine 
Unterjoc^ung, subjugation 



ctjlinbrifd), cylindrical 
ffalxQ, hooky 



tio^rcn, bore 
feilcn, file 
l^afcn, hook 
l^ommern, hammer 
fobeln, cable 
fommen, comb 
liniiercn, line, rule 



Derivative Adjectives 

tnet^antfd), mechanical 

Derivative Verbs 

^um)>en, pump 
rammcn, ram 
tollcn, roll 
fcftoufein, shovel 
fd^rouben, screw 
untcrjo(^cn, subdue 
Sirfcln, move in a circle 



Masculine 
fSatt, beard 
S3ufcn, bosom 
QUboqen, elbow 



15. The Human Body 

fjtngcr, finger 
55uft, foot 
(Baumcn, gum 
hunger, hunger 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



17 



^noc^el, knuckle, ankle 
ajju^fel, muscle 
^iabd, navel 
yiadcn, neck 
5Wcrtt, nerve 
5PuI:^, pulse 

Feminine 

SBrauc, brow 
SBruft, breast 
t^ttuft, fist 
^ibCT, fiber 
gigur, figure 
©attc, gall 
^anb, hand 
J^iiftc, hip 
J^i)gienc, hygiene 
2eber, liver 
2cnbe, loin 
2odc, lock, curl 
2ungc, lung 



SKumic, mummy 
9iafc, nose 
9iippc, rib 
®(ftultcr, shoulder 
©e^ne, sinew 
3unge, tongue 

Neuter 
S5cin, bone, leg 
Slut, blood 
5reif(^, flesh 
^oar, hair 
Sinn, chin 
Snic, knee 
SJJarf, marrow 
£i)X, ear 
Crgon, organ 
®(^icn6cin, shinbone 
Sd^ultcrblatt, shoulderblade 
Sfctctt, skeleton 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 

i^Icifd^cr, butcher 
^onbel, handling of goods, com- 
merce 
Crgani^mu^, organism 
S?ierfii^tcr, quadruped 
SSicr^onbcr, quadrumane 



SBriifhing, parapet 
S^tcift^crct, butcher's store 
^anb^abung, handling 
^onbHcf)feit, handiness 
^anblung, action, store 
SRu^fuIatur, muscling 
Stcderct, nagging, teasing 



Feminine 

23cf)anblung, treatment 
23ef)cnbigfeit, agility 
S3lutung, bleeding 



Neuter 
©cfilfit, race, lineage 
©cnid, neck 
©crippc, skeleton 



i8 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCEENTEFIC 



baxiloS, beardless 
bcbaxtct, bearded 
be{)aart, hairy 
blutig, bloody 
ftgiirlitf), figurative 
flcifc^ig, fleshy 
fleifc^Ucf), carnal 
i^aarig, hairy 
iiaaxlo^, hairless 



Derivative Adjectives 

I)onbIt(^, handy 
l)ungrig, hungry 
fnbd)ern, bony 
lotfig, curly 
mu^fulij^, muscular 
ncrub^, nervous 
organifd), organic 
fcf)mg, sinewy 
Dierfii^ig, quadruped 



Derivative Verbs 



bc^aarcn, cover with hair 
be(}anbcln, handle, treat 
bluten, bleed 
briiftcn fid), boast 
fu^cn, foot, rely upon 
banbcln, handle goods, trade 
f)onbf)abcn, handle 
f)ungern, be hungry 
fniccn, kneel 
lodcn, curl 



nafeltt, speak through the nose 
nedcn, nag, tease 
nirfcn, bend the neck, nod 
^julficren, pulsate 
f(f)uttcrn, shoulder 
t>crt)(utcn, bleed to death 
bcrOungcrn, die of hunger 
jcrflcifdjcn, tear up the flesh 
Siingcin, shoot out in tongues 



16. Family and Persons in General 



Masculine 

9lffiftent, assistant 

SBrdutigom, bridegroom (elect) 

ISBrubcr, brother 

©aft, guest 

Sngcmcur, engineer (civil) 

Sianmtialc, cannibal 

fiunHJan, companion 

fiafei, lackey 

Wann, man, male person 

SRcnfrf), man, human being 

SJoc^bar, neighbor 



9iamc, name 

9Jcffc, nephew 

9Jcgcr, negro 

Onfcr, uncle 

^ijbct, people, mob 

Sflatic, slave 

®of)n, son 

Sticfbruber, step-brother 

<Btrold), (stroller) tramp 

JSagabunb, vagabond 

SBatcr, father 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



19 



Feminine 

SBottbc, band, gang 
JBraut, bride (elect) 
^ame, dame, lady 
5-amilic, family 
GJcncalogic, genealogy 
©cncratton, generation 
©ilbc, guild 
SJluttcr, mother 
^JSctfon, person 



JRoffc, race 
©d^hjcfter, sister 
2'od)tcr, daughter 
SBitftic, widow 

Neuter 

*PubUfunt, public 
JBotf, (folk) people 
SBcib, (wife) woman 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 

©ctJfltter, god-father 
SSornamc, Christian name 
SBtttDcr, widower 
3unomc, family name 

Feminine 

JBcmannung, crew 
Scmuttcrung, motherly care 
SBctiiilferung, population 
@aftlid)fctt, hospitality 
©CBottcrin, god-mother 
©etiattcrfdjaft, god-fathership 
9J}annUcl)fcit, manliness 
9JJannf^oft, team, squad 



2RcnfdjI)Ctt, mankind 
a)lcnfcf)Ii(f)fcit, humanity 
9Jad)barfcl)aft, neighborhood 
$crfbnlirf)fcit, personality 
©flaticrei, slavery 
Sfttttoin, slave 
Stroldjcret, vagrancy 
SBerbriibcrung, fraternization 
SBolf^tiimlidjfeit, popularity 
2Sctbltd)fcit, womanhood 

Plural only 

©ebriiber, brothers (in a firm) 
@efd)tt)iftcr, brothers and sisters 



tichjcibt, married 
brfiutlid), bridal 
briiberlid), fraternal 
fomilidr, familiar 
gaftUrf), hospitable 
fannibaUfd), cannibal 
Iafeien()aft, officious 



Derivative Adjectives 

mannttcf), manly, masculine 
mcnfcfind), human 
tniitterltd), maternal 
nad)borlici^, neighborly 
namcnlo^, nameless 
nomentn^, by name, particularly 
nomboft, renowned 



tnannboft, manly, valiant 



nfimltd), namely 



20 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



^JcrfonHcl^, personal 
VbbcIOaft, vulgar 
fct)h)Cftcrltd), sisterly 
t}atexlid), paternal 



bcmttnncn, man 
ficmuttern, treat like a mother 
ficnamfcn, give a name 
bCooitexn, populate 
bcWeiben ftc^, take a wife 
ftrolcficn, stroll 
bagotiunbicrcn, ramble 



boIf^tumU(^, popular 
njciOifcf), womanish 
iDciblid), female, feminine 

Derivative Verbs 

ticrtirubcrn ftdj, fraternize 



Masculine 

S'lfltlcK, flannel 

©iirtct, girdle 

^ut, hat 

Jlattun, (cotton) muslin 

^ittcl, (coat) frock 

iino^jf, (knob) button 

StIJantcI, mantle, cloak 

SJJuff, muff 

5Ucl5, pelt, fur 

*^Iuf(^, plush 

mm, ring 

Si^al, shawl 

Sc^ti^, sHt 

Scf)U^, shoe 

2\ia, tulle 

Feminine 
Sodc, jacket 

Masculine 

©iirttcr, girdler 
^onbf^u^, glove 



Used in the Past Participle only 
IDcnad^bart, neighboring 
cntmcnfd)t, brutalized 
bernjtttDCt, widowed 

17. Clothing 

£ap)JC, cap 
Sluttc, (coat) frock 
2tDrec, livery 
SJabet, needle 
Sonbate, sandal 
©djdr^JC, scarf 
©orfc, sock 
©o()Ic, sole 
©^ongc, spangle 
SBottc, wadding 
SSoBc, wool 

Neuter 

©am, yarn 
^crmctin, ermine 
SuttJCl, jewel 
2ctncn, linen 
SJJuffclin, muslin 

Derivative Nouns 

filter, (heeder) keeper 
SuWclicr, jeweler 
Sd)ufter, shoemaker 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



21 



Feminine 
93cmontc(ung, excuse 



Scfo^Iung, repair of soles 



Derivative Adjective 
tooKtg, woolly 



Derivative Verbs 



Bd^iiten, heed, keep 
bcmantcin, excuse 
ticfd)ul)cn, supply with shoes 
bcfoljlcn, sole 
giirtcn, gird 
Ijiitcn, heed, keep 
fniipfcn, button 
fnii^jfen, connect 



nd{)en, sew (needle) 
ringcln, curl 
fdlli^cn, slit 
umgarncn, ensnare 
Jjcrfappcn, disguise 
tterfniipfen, connect 
toattiercn, wad 



18. Food and Beverages 



Masculine 

^ppetit, appetite 
^onig, honey 
Coffee, coffee 
Kofc, cheese 
^abior, caviar 
Studien, cake 
SUioftri(^, mustard 
5)Jfcffcr, pepper 
5lSunf(f), punch 
5Rum, rum 
Soft, sap, juice 
Salat, salad 
©ptnat, spinage 
©tjrup, syrup 
S£ee, tea 

SScgctaricr, vegetarian 
SSetn, wine 
Surfer, sugar 



Feminine 
Sutter, butter 
(Ji(^ortc, chicory 
Safri^c, licorice 
Simonabe, lemonade 
SJJanbcI, almond 
mUd}, milk 
9JubeI, noodle 
portion, portion, dish 
9Jcftouration, restaurant 
©cf)ofoIobe, chocolate 
©^jcscrci, spices 
£upt)C, soup 
2^ortc, tart 
Sigtirre, cigar 

Neuter 
95icr, beer 
Srot, bread 
ijuttcr, fodder, food 



i22 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



9JJo{)f, meal, repast 
'i}Ui)l, meal, flour 



S0I3, salt 
<soba, soda 



Masculine 
JRcftaurotcur, caterer 
SSinjer, vintner 



Derivative Nouns 

Feminine 

5uttcrun(|, feeding 
S)JiIcl)crct, creamery 



Derivative Adjectives 

0)>f ctttlid), appetizing pfcffcrig, peppered 

faftg, caseous fflftig, juicy 

tnct)lig, mealy fafjig, salted 



fiittcrn, feed 
Vfcffern, pepper 
faljcn, salt 



Derivative Verbs 

bcrfoljcn, oversalt 
jucfcrn, sugar 



19. Medicine 



Masculine 
^oftor, doctor 
^biot, idiot 
fiarliunfcl, carbuncle 
ftatarrf), catarrh 
firam^jf, cramp, spasm 
ftrii^jpcl, cripple 
IJJaHent, patient 
Cluacffalbcr, quack 
9{f)cumati^mu^, rheumatism 
<Sarg, sarcophagus, coffin 
Sdjarbotf, scurvy 
Scftarlarf), scarlet 
Sforbut, scurvy 
SHtft, stitch, stab 
!J'l)pI)U^, typhoid 
Syettsitttns, St. Vitus' dance 



Feminine 
SScuIc, boil 

Slattern, (bladder) smallpox 
Sl^olera, cholera 
^tagnofe, diagnosis 
!l^iat, diet 
J^ofi^, dose 
©pibemic, epidemic 
^l)ftcric, hysteria 
ilrifi^, crisis 
£ur, cure 
aWafcrn, measles 
SDJebisin, medicine 
%tm, pain 
5|Scft, pest 
%\l{t, pill 
1)$Iagc, plague 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



23 



^IJrogi^, practice 
Seudjc, sickness 
©fropt)eI, scrofula 
(Sonbe, sound, probe 
Jt)crapic, therapeutics 
aSorse, wart 
SSunbe, wound 



Masculine 
^JJeinigcr, tormentor 
9{C5C^Jtar, prescription clerk 



Neuter 
jjicticr, fever 
^ofpitat, hospital 
5Pf(aftcr, plaster 
Dicjept, recipe, prescription 
<Bt)mptom, symptom 
<Bp\tal, hospital 

Derivative Nouns 

5JJctnHcf)fcit, painfulness 
Cuocffolbcrci, quackery 
©ud)t, disease 
SBerfriippcIung, stunt 



Feminine 
@infargitng, placing into a coffin 



Cptbcmifd), epidemic 
ftcfierifd), feverish 
I)t)ftcrifd), hysterical 
frampf{)oft, spasmodic 
fritifrf), critical 
mebt5tnif(^, medical 



Derivative Adjectives 

peinlid), painful 
praftifd), practical 
rl)Cumottfd), rheumatic 
ffroptjulb^, scrofulous 
tl)p{)ij^, typhoid 
berfrij^jpclt, crippled 



Derivative Verbs 

bepflaftern, cover with plasters piaqen, plague, torture 

cinfargcn, place into a coffin 

ftcbern, be in a fever 

furieren, cure 

peinigcn, cause pains, torture 

^jfloftcrn, plaster 



^jrofttsicrcn, practise 
fonbicrcn, sound 
t)crfriip)»eln, cripple 
tierfcutijcn, infect 
ticrltiunbcn, wound 



Masculine 
mt, abbot 
9I)JofteI, apostle 
S^ifdiof, bishop 



20. Religion 

6'{)rift, Christian 
©eift, ghost, spirit 
©ott, God 
S«bc, Jew 



24 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



jla^lan, chaplain 

flarbinal, cardinal 

ilat()oIif, Catholic 

Jllcru^, clergy 

Sliiftcr, custodian, sexton 

Sate, layman 

SDJartJjrcr, martyr 

aiJiind), monk 

5|Jaftor, pastor 

5lJ()arifacr, Pharisee 

5Pl)iIifter, philistine 

HSilgcr, pilgrim 

5JJomp, pomp 

5|Jrieftcr, priest 

51SfaIm, psalm 

SJabliincr, rabbi 

Sd)rein, shrine 

©uperintenbcnt, bishop of the 

Protestant Church 
S^empcl, temple 
Sl^cufcl, devil 
fSitav, vicar 

Feminine 

SBtfict, Bible 
^bCc, hell 
SJanjcI, chancel 
S^apcBc, chapel 



fiatofombc, catacomb 
,ftot()cbrolc, cathedral 
Siirdjc, church 
ajjcffc, mass 
9)Jofd)CC, mosque 
9Jonnc, nun 

OJcformotion, reformation 
JRcUgion, religion 
©ectc, soul 
Seftc, sect 
Siinbe, sin 

(Sljnagogc, synagogue 
2^^coIogic, theology 

Neuter 

3(imofcn, alms 

©rob, grave 

Sloftcr, cloister, convent 

Srcu5, cross 

SJJiinftcr, monastery, convent 

Crafcl, oracle 

Dftern, Easter 

5l5arabie^, paradise 

©aframcnt, sacrament 

©tjmliol, symbol 

iJcftomcnt, testament 

SSunbcr, wonder, miracle 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 

©ijft, idol 
©roticn, ditch 
^anjlcr, chancelor 
SIau§ncr, recluse 
©iinbcr, sinner 



Feminine 

Slfitci, abbey 
^(btiffin, abbess 
SPegetftcrung, inspiration 
SBcttJunberung, admiration 
&I)rtftcn()Ctt, Christianity 
d^rtftin, Christian 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



25 



©ctftn^fcit, clergy 
®eiftIofigfeit, dullness 
©bttUdjfcit, divine origin 
©ottloflgfctt, impiety 
©rube, pit 
Siibin, Jewess 
ilansici, chancery 
SiatfjoUftn, Catholic 
Srcujigung, crucifixion 
SDJdrttjrerin, martyr 
5PtIgcrin, pilgrim 
5|Sricftcrtn, priestess 
(ScUgfctt, bliss 
©ii^nc, atonement 



Siinbcritt, sinner 
!Jcufctci, deviltry 
2^cufclin, devil 
SBcrgiJttcrung, apotheosis 
JBcrtDunbcrung, surprise 
SSJunbcrlidjfeit, oddity 

Neuter 

Scgtobni^, burial 
6I)riftentum, Christianity 
©rubdjcn, (little pit) dimple 
Subcntum, Judaism 
5|Saftorat, parsonage 
5)Sricftert«m, priesthood 



ttpoftoltftf), apostolic 
Mblifd), biblical 
litfc^bpid), episcopal 
dirtftUd), Christian 
cntfcclt, inanimate 
geifttg, intellectual 
geiftltd), spiritual 
getfttioQ, ingenious 
giittlirf), divine 
gotttoS, godless 
gotttioK, divine 
l^BUif^, infernal 
jubtft!^, Jewish 
fot()Oltfd), Catholic 
Rrc^lt(^, ecclesiastical 



Derivative Adjectives 

ftijfterli^, monastic 
orofcl^aft, oracular 
^>t)arifaifcf), pharisaic 
<>l)iHfterf)aft, snobbish 
^jricfterlic^, priestly 
rcligiij^, religious 
feelifd), psychic 
fcUg, blissful 
fiinbtg, sinful 
f»)m6oUfd), symbolical 
tcftamcntorifd), testamentary 
tijcotogifd), theological 
hjunbcrfiar, wondrous 
hjunberlirf), strange 
hJunbcrtooH, wonderful 



Derivative Verbs 

afifanscltt, lecture a person Bcfeelcn, animate 

begciftcrn, inspire ficfcHgcn, make happy 

ficgrabcn, bury bctounbern, admire 

bclreuscn fid), cross oneself Ircujcn, cross 



26 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



frcujiflcn, crucify 
^JttflcrH, wander 
rcformicrcn, reform 
ful)ncn, atone for sins 



Masculine 



Slriftofrat, aristocrat 

Xcmagog, demagogue 

S'cmofrat, democrat 

Xefpot, despot 

g-iirft, (first) prince, ruler 

^nfurgcnt, insurgent 

intrigant, intriguer 

Sjijnig, king 

fturicr, courier 

iOJogiftrat, board of aldermen 

SUUniftcr, member of the cabinet 

9Jlonnrd), monarch 

^Solijtft, policeman 

$otcntat, potentate 

5)Jrcifibcnt, president 

5lJrin5, prince 

DJang, rank 

JReticH, rebel 

JRcgcnt, regent 

(£o5iaIift, socialist 

(Btaat, state 

Sultan, sultan 

Sutoeron, sovereign 



fiinbigcn, sin 
tiergcifttgcn, spiritualize 
ticrgijttcrn, idolize 
iDunberu fid), wonder 

21. Political Terms 

Jljron, throne 
Ufurpotor, usurper 
SBicc, vice 



Feminine 
^ebttttc, debate 
2^Jinaftic, dynasty 
3nter))cKation, interpellation 
Siatoftropljc, catastrophe 
Stronc, crown 
9Jation, nation 
^artci, party 
^olitif, politics 
5JSoH5ci, police force 
9{caftion, reaction 
JRcVublif, republic 
9{cBo(ution, revolution 
J^enbenj, tendency 

Neuter 
^axiamcnt, parliament 
Ultimatum, ultimatum 
SBcto, veto 
2?otum, vote 



Derivative Nouns 
Masculine 5lSoUtifer, politician 

3^cfpotl§mu^, despotism Skaftionfir, reactionary 

^arlamentnr, truce-bearer 
5|JarIamcntttrieT, member of par- 
liament 



9{e»j)(uttonfir, revolutionist 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



27 



Feminine 

5lrtftofrattc, aristocracy 
^cmofratie, democracy 
^iirftin, princess 
ftonigtn, queen 
ftriJnung, coronation 
SDJonorditc, monarchy 
DJationalitdt, nationality 
^JJorteilicfifeit, partiality 



^Jrfiftbcntfc^aft, presidency 
51Srin5efl'ln, princess 
9iegcntfcf)aft, regency 
S>crftootUd)ung, state ownership 

Neuter 

i^ijrftcntum, principality 
iibnigtum, royalty 
ajJimftcrium, ministry, cabinet 



Derivative Adjectives 



flriftofrattfc^, aristocratic 
bcmofratifd), democratic 
fiirftltd), princely 
foniglic^, royal 
monardiifcf), monarchical 
nationol, national 



^arlomcntartfd), parliamentary 
partciifd), partial 
politifd), political 
VoHjetlid), of the police 
rcpublifanifd), republican 
ftaotUcf), federal, national 



Derivative Verbs 



bebttttieren, debate 
tnterpellicren, interplead 
frbncn, crown 
Volitifieren, discuss politics 
rongicren, rank 
rcticUtcrcn, rebel 



rcgicrcn, govern 

rct)o(utionicrcn, revolutionize 

t()roncn, throne 

ufurpicrcn, usurp 

t)crftaatlid)cn, turn over to the state 

tjcticren, veto 



22. Army and Navy 



Masculine 
SaHoft, ballast 
ffioi'b, board 
^cicf), dike 
-Tcfcrtcur, deserter 
Xrittmciftcr, drillmaster 
Jeinb, (fiend) enemy 
GJrcnabtcr, grenadier 



.!pclm, helmet 
^crolb, herald 
Jpufor, hussar 
Snttaltbc, invalid 
Kobctt, cadet 
^aljn, canoe, boat 
S?omcrab, comrade 
^opitan, captain 



28 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



$Jarobtncr, carbine 
JlaBalicr, cavalier 
file I, keel 

Sioflcr, collar, cape 
Siurofficr, cuirassier 
ajjajor, major 
SJJarfd), march 
2)Jaft, mast 
Dffisier, ofl&cer 
Crben, order, decoration 
5^ often, post, sentinel 
^Jtotiiant, provisions 
SJcitCT, rider, horseman 
9{eftut, recruit 
SJcfpcft, respect 
9fJittcr, (rider) knight 
(Battel, saddle 
©d)ilb, shield 
©efunbont, second 
©olbat, soldier 
©^jecr, spear 
©pion, spy 
Sporn, spur 
!Jrtbut, tribute 
2^rtump^, triumph 
!Jrupp, troop 
Xumuit, tumult 
SSafad, vassal 
SSctcron, veteran 
SSoII, wall, rampart 
Btdsact, zigzag 

Feminine 

SlrtiCcric, artillery 
SBarfc, bark 
25oftct, bastion 
S3ottcric, battery 



Sojc, buoy 
Sombc, bomb 
Srigabc, brigade 
JJIagge, flag 
^lanie, flank 
SUntc, (flint) gun 
{Jlottc, fleet, navy 
©alccrc, galley 
@arbc, guard 
©ornifon, garrison 
©onbcl, gondola 
©ranate, grenade 
Snfantertc, infantry 
Sod)t, yacht 
^anoitc, cannon 
JlaWalleric, cavalry 
^Oppcl, (coupler) belt 
Slrippc, crib 
SSJlajcftat, majesty 
9)Jarinc, (marine) navy 

SWeutcrci, mutiny 

93Jtnc, mine 

9JMU3, militia 

5lSoIlifabc, palisade 

5)Sarobc, parade 

^Sifc, pike 

^Jiftolc, pistol 

Scftoluppc, sloop 

(Sd)Iarf)t, slaughter, battle 

(£d)tt)abron, squadron 

2'ru^Jpc, troop 

SSSoffe, weapon 

SBcrft, wharf 

SitobcIIc, citadel 

Neuter 
JBotoCton, battalion 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



29 



SBoOnjcrf, bulwark 

Soot, boat 

2;uefl, duel 

©cfdjftiaber, squadron 

Slaliber, caliber 

SJoftctt, castle, stronghold 

Serf, leak 

SJJilitar, military, army 

5lSanicr, banner 

Cluarticr, quarters 



OJcgimcnt, regiment 
{Ruber, rudder, oar 
©(f)armu<jel, skirmish 
®d)iff, ship 
©c^lticrt, sword 
©teucr, steer(age) 
^a\i, tow, hawser 
S^urnicr, tournament 
SSrad, wreck 
3itJU, civilians 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 

SJrttflcrtft, gunner 
Scutcl, (boodle) bag 
Somborbicr, gunner 
^ucHant, duellist 
5of)n(b)ri(f), (flag) ensign 
QJatbift, guardsman 
Snfontcrtft, foot soldier 
Slonotiicr, gunner 
ajjcutercr, mutineer 
©ttttler, saddler 
(©(differ, boatman 
(Bd)lad)tcr , slaughterer, butcher 
©iJIbner, hireling 
Siftlift, civilian 

Derivative 

fcinbltt^, hostile 

flott, afloat 

famcrabfrfiaftlt^, companionable 

Ictf, leaky 

ntajeftatifc^, majestic 



Feminine 



'HuSbcntnuQ, taking advantage of 
SBefolbung, salary 
SBcrtJflffnung, armament 
©ntwaffnung, disarmament 
fjcinbin, enemy 
fjeinbfdjaft, enmity 
^amcrabfcf)flft, good-fellowship 
JReiteret, cavalry 
JRittcrfdiaft, knighthood 
©attlcrct, saddlery 
<S(i}l'dd)kxei, slaughter 



Adjectives 

mcutcrifdft, mutinous 
mtlitortf^, military 
rittcrlid^, chivalrous 
folbatifc^, soldierly 



3° 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Derivative Verbs 



ani>orncn, spur, incite 
befcinben, persecute 
bcflagncn, hang out flags 
bemaftcn, supply with masts 
tiooaffnen, arm 
liombarbicrcn, shell 
befcrtiercn, desert 
bucllicrcn, fight a duel 
cinbcic()en, dam up 
etnquorticrcn, quarter 
entttjaffncn, disarm 
flaggcn, flag 
flanficrcn, flank 
gonbeln, ride in a gondola 
fa()ncn, boat 
toppeln, couple 
Iccfcn, leak 
marfdjicrcn, march 



tncutcrn, mutiny 
^jarobicren, parade 
rcitcit, ride 
rcfrutiercn, recruit 
refpeftieren, respect 
rubcrn, row 
fattcin, saddle 
f(l)iffcn, navigate 
fcfunbicrcn, second 
fptonicrcn, spy 
fteuern, steer 
tauen, tow 

trtum))l)iercn, triumph 
unterminiercn, undermine 
bcrfeinbcn fief), fall out 
bcrprobtanticrcn, provision 
t)crfct)iffcn, ship 



23. School, Art, and Literature 



Masctiline 
mt, act 

Slutiqunr, dealer in old books 
SJrtifd, article 
6()or, chorus, choir 
2)iolcft, dialect 
dialog, dialogue 
^tp!)tl)ong, diphthong 
^ircftor, director, principal 
iJtrni!^, varnish 
goHant, folio 
©oufler, juggler 
J!pumor, humor 
Snbc;r, index 
^anbibat, candidate 



Slarnctoal, carnival 
jiatalog, catalogue 
Slaffifer, classic 
SloHcgc, colleague 
Jl'onfonant, consonant 
Sad, lacquer 
$dbagog, pedagogue 
^Ijilolog, philologist 
5lJI)i{ofoV{), philosopher 
5lJ()titograpf), photographer 
5lSrofcffor, professor 
5lJroIog, prologue 
^Junft, point, period 
9{etm, rhyme 
9il)l}tl)mu^, rhythm 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



31 



SJomon, romance, novel 
Socfel, socle 
Stil, style 
Strid), stroke, line 
Stubcnt, student 
2^cjt, text 
58er^, verse 
JSofal, vowel 
3trfu^, circus 

Feminine 

5Jfobcmic, academy 
SUgebra, algebra 
5(ritl)metif, arithmetic 
SBoUabc, ballad 
S3iiftc, bust 

Xcflamation, declamation 
3-a6cI, fable 
05aflcrie, gallery 
Qieoqxapi\k, geography 
©cometrie, geometry 
©cftifulation, gesticulation 
65rammatif, grammar 
&ta^k, grace 
(yrimaffc, grimace 
©ruppe, group 
.<pl)mnc, hymn 
5bec, idea 
SbtlHc, idyl 
Snufton, illusion 
SHuftrotion, illustration 
Stnmatrifalotton, matriculation 
Sntcrpunftion, punctuation 
jlarifatur, caricature 
Silaffe, class 
ftombbic, comedy 
Jiotiticrfation, conversation 



Jlopic, copy 
^orrcftur, correction 
S!rctbc, crayon, chalk 
Sinic, line 
fiiflc, list 

£iteratur, literature 
£ogif, logic 
£t)rif, lyric poetry 
SOJagic, magic 
Wla^tc, mask 
2J?et()obc, method 
Sfioral, morals 
SWufc, muse 
Wit)ti^e, myth 
IfJoUelle, novel 
Cpcr, opera 

5JSttntomtmc, pantomime 
5lS()antafic, fancy 
5)3ofitur, posture 
$rofa, prose 
Sott)rc, satire 
Scene, scene 
«cl)u(c, school 
Silbe, syllable 
Sfisae, sketch 
Sljmmetrie, symmetry 
SljntOE, syntax 
2'I)Coric, theory 
Jljefe, thesis 
2'ragobie, tragedy 
Srilogic, trilogy 
Syifjon, vision 

Neuter 

fSaiict, ballet 
93iUet, billet, ticket 
93uc^, book 



32 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



^iplom, diploma 
^ramo, drama 
5-rc^fo, fresco 
©qmnofiunt, high school 
Sbcal, ideal 
SbtOttt, idiom 
Jjnftitut, institute 
SJlobcU, model 
9)lufcum, museum 



5|5aftca, pastel 
tjjcrgamcnt, parchment 
portrait, portrait 
^rogramm, program 
St)noiH)m, synonym 
2I)catcr, theater 
!Jl)cma, theme 
SSerf, work 
SfiJort, word 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 
Slfabcmifcr, academician 
(S^oral, hymn 

6f)0rtft, member of the chorus 
diplomat, diplomat 
Xiromatifcr, dramatist 
©rammotifer, grammarian 
(SJljmnafiaft, high-school boy 
^umorift, humorist 
Sbcalift, idealist 
Komiibiont, comedian 
Slorteftor, proofreader 
Sitcrat, man of letters 
£t)rtfcr, lyric poet 
9KobcHiercr, modeler 
5^f)antaft, visionary 
^Profaifer, prose writer 
©c^ulcr, scholar, pupil 
Xi)toxtt\hx, theorist 
Urtcjt, original text 

Feminine 

?rnt>t)ort, answer 
23canttt)ortung, reply 
Scfiirttjortung, support 
SBiit^crei, library 



2;ipIomotic, diplomacy 
©aufclci, jugglery 
Sanbibatur, candidacy 
SJla^fcrobc, masquerade 
9Ja(f)filtic, suffix 
^jSdbogogif, pedagogy 
5|S^iIologtC, philology 
5lJI)itofopI)ie, philosophy 
$t)otogropt)ic, photography 
^rofeffur, professorship 
$iinftlicf)fdt, punctuality 
©d)iilerin, scholar, pupil 
Sc^ulung, training 
Sopljifterct, sophistry 
©tubcntcnfdjaft, student body 
fflorfilbc, prefix 
SStrfH(f)fctt, reality 
SBirffamfeit, efficiency 
SBtrfung, effect 

Neuler 
3(nttquartat, second-hand book 

store 
^ircftortum, board of directors 
Collegium, faculty, lecture 
SSorttiort, preface 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



33 



Derivative Adjectives 



afabemifd), academic 

ontiquorifi^, second hand 

biplomotifc^, diplomatic 

bromatifd), dramatic 

fat»cl{)aft, fabulous 

geogrop()ifcf), geographical 

grommatif(^, grammatical 

grasiiJ^, graceful 

I)umoriftifd), humorous 

ibeal, ideal 

ibtjUifd), idyllic 

farneuatiftifd^, relating to carnival 

litcrorifc^, literary 

logiftfj, logical 

h)rif(f), lyric 

metliobifd), methodical 

tnoralifd), moral 

tnqtfjtfrf), mythical 



|jabagogif(^, pedagogical 
pljantaftifd), fanciful 
^I)tIoIogiftf), philological 
)jf)iIofo)Jl)ifd), philosophical 
:profatfcft, prosaic 
piinftlid^, punctual 
rf)t)t()mifd^, rhythmical 
romanfjaft, romantic 
romontifcf), romantic 
ftiliftifd), stylistic 
ft)mmctrif(f), symmetrical 
fljntoftifd), syntactical 
tcgtlic^, textual 
t{)catraUfd), theatrical 
tf)eorctifrf), theoretical 
tDtrffam, efhcient 
njiJrtlid), literal 



Derivative Verbs 



onfrciben, chalk down 
ieantwortcn, answer 
bcfiirWortcn, advocate 
bctv'ufcn, work, effect 
Durf)en, book 
bcftamiercti, recite 
birigicren, direct 
fabuUercn, fabulize 
firniffcn, varnish 
gaufcln, juggle 
gcftifuHcrcn, gesticulate 
gruppicren, group 
ibcoUfiercn, idealize 
iduftricrcn, illustrate 
immatrifultcren, enroll 
intctpunftiercn, punctuate 



farifieren, caricature 
fopicrcn, copy 
forrtgicrcn, correct 
ladiercn, lacquer 
Uniicrcn, line, rule 
ma^ficren, mask 
tnobcflicrcn, model 
tnoroHficrcn, moralize 
pf)ontaftcrcn, wander (mind) 
p^UofopI)icren, philosophize 
p^otograpljieren, photograph 
portroiticrcn, portray 
punfticrcn, punctuate 
reimen, rhyme 
fdjulen, train 
ffiSSieren, sketch 



34 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



ftubicrcn, study 
iJcrWirfUdjcn, realize 



Masculine 
JBo^, bass 
<Bopxan, soprano 
Scnor, tenor 
2^on, tone 
2^riangcl, triangle 
2:riacr, trill, quaver 
jyirtuofe, virtuoso 
SSJaljcr, waltz 

Feminine 
Slfuftif, acoustics 
Stric, aria 
gicbd, fiddle 
S-Iijtc, flute 
(iJuitarrc, guitar 
^orfc, harp 
harmonic, harmony 
i^antatc, cantata 



JBaffift, bass-singer 
J^tcblcr, fiddler 
5-liJtift, flutist 
partner, harpist 
SUJuftfant, musician 
9Jluftfcr, musician 
Dboift, oboe player 



toirfen, work, take effect 

24. Music 

2outc, lute 
fieier, lyre 
9)Jc(obic, melody 
SlJufif, music 
Cboe, oboe, hautboy 
Crgcl, organ 
5Pofaunc, bassoon 
(£»)mpI)omc, symphony 
^■rommcl, drum 
Strompctc, trumpet 
3itt)cr, zither 

Neuter 

^uctt, duet, duo 
*)JebaI, pedal 
Cuartctt, quartet 
Cuintctt, quintet 
2^rio, trio 
SStoloncctt, violoncello 

Dehivative Nouns 

Crganift, organist 
5)Sofaunift, performer on the trom- 
bone 
J^rommlcr, drummer 
J'rompctcr, trumpeter 
©toltnift, violinist 
SsioIonccUift, violoncellist 



Derivative Adjectives 

{jarmonifrf), harmonious fDmp()onifrf), symphonious 

muftfolifd), musical 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



35 



Derivative Verbs 



aBIetcrn, drawl out 
ficbcin, fiddle 
ffijtcn, blow the flute 
tnufijiercn, make music 
nac^Icicrn, imitate 



Feminine 

©Icftri^ttdt, electricity 
5-ormcI, formula 
SDJoteric, matter 
Siummcr, number 
Cptif, optics 
5^crfpcftiDC, perspective 
5JJJ)afc, phase 
^IJrobc, probe, test 
%ti)W\t, engineering 
iUdration, vibration 

Masculine 

C^Ieftrifcr, electrician 
SDfatcrialtft, materialist 
CVtifer, optician 



tonen, sound 
trillern, trill, quaver 
trommein, drum 
tromvctcn, trumpet 
hjaljen, waltz 

25. Science 

SSoItc, volt 

3tffer, cipher, figure 

Neuter 

^Barometer, barometer 
(Jlctncnt, element 
G^;rperimcnt, experiment 
SlJifroffop, microscope 
duabrat, square 
Jlicrmomctcr, thermometer 

Derivative Nouns 

2:erf)nifcr, technologist 

Neuter 
SKatcrial, material 



Derivative 
eleftrifc!^, electric 
clcmcntar, elementary 
cgpcrimcntcH, experimental 
formcH, formal 
jnotericll, material 



Adjectives 

mifroffo^Jifrf), microscopic 
optifd), optical 
quobratifcf), quadratic 
tccf)nifd), technical 



elcftrlftcrcn, electrify 
entjiffcrn, decipher 
cjrpcrimcnticren, experiment 
formulicrcn, formulate 



Derivative Verbs 

numcrtcrctt, number 
proliicrcn, probe, test 
quabricren, square 
Bibricrcn, vibrate 



36 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



26. Law 



Masculme 

3(bBocot, lawyer 
5(rrcft, arrest 
i8onn, ban 
(yalgcn, gallows 
Surift, jurist 
9iotar, notary 
^JJrotcft, protest 
^JJrojC^, process, trial 
SJcfcrcnt, referee 

Feminine 
Sniuric, injury, insult 



Snftanj, instance 

Suri'^prubenj, jurisprudence 

Suftij, justice 

SUaufcl, clause 

SJfartcr, (martyr) torment 

Neuter 

^xMUq, privilege 
OJcgiftcr, register, record 
Sdjafott, scaffold 
©tatut, statute 
!tribunal, tribunal 
Urtcil, ordeal, sentence 



Derivative Nouns 
Masculine JHcgiftratur, registrar's office 

Slrrcftont, prisoner S>crbannung, exile 

Sycrurteilung, condemnation 
Feminine 
Stbbofatur, lawyer's office Neuter 

Scurtctlung, criticism ^otariat, notary's office 

Derivative Adjectives 
juriftifi^, juridic uttcimo^, -lacking in judgment 

notaricQ, certified by a notary 



orrettcrctt, arrest 
bcurtcilen, criticize 
ntartcrn, torture 
Vrotefticrcn, protest 
iprojcfficrcn, bring suit 
rcfericrcn, report 



Derivative Verbs 

rcgtftricrcn, record 
urtcilcn, judge 
bcrbonncn, exile 

tJcrflaufuUcren, guard by clauses 
Ocrurtetlcn, sentence 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



37 



Masculine 

$affagtcr, passenger 
J'cnbcr, tender 
2^ran^port, transportation 
SJiobuft, viaduct 
SSagen, wagon, car 



Feminine 



2l(f|fc, axle 



27. Transportation 

3)c<Jcfc{)C, despatch, telegram 
Siarrc, cart 
£utfcf)C, coach 
SofomotttJC, locomotive 
5|Soft, post, mail 

Neuter 

Stutomobil, automobile 
5(Safet, package 



Derivative Noun 

Masculitte 

Sutfc^cr, coachman, driver 

Derivative Adjective 
tioftottfd^, postal 



bcpcfd^icrcn, telegraph 
farrcn, cart 



Derivative Verbs 

futfrfiicren, drive a coach 
tran^^jorticrcn, transport 



28. Trades and Commerce 



Masculine 
SBodfcr, baker 
SBoCcn, bale 
SBrief, (brief) letter 
J^ufatett, ducat 
Gjport, export 
Snt^jort, import 
Jiautf^uf, caoutchouc 
^od), cook 
Sort, cork 
ilrcbit, credit 
MavU, market 



$tt^, passport 
^IJrei^, price 
^Prinjipol, employer 
5|Srofit, profit 
9fia6att, rebate 
SJeft, rest, balance 
JRutn, ruin 

Sdimieb, (black) smith 
Sd)muggct, smuggle 
<Btapd, staple 
<Btempd, stamp 
©ubffrtbcnt, subscriber 



38 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Xati^, tariEF 
S:clcgrap(), telegraph 

Feminine 

Slbrcffc, address 

23anf, bank 

3-inan5cn ( plnr.) , finance 

g-irma, firm 

5'Iafd)C, flask, bottle 

^nbuftric, industry 

ftoffc, cash, cashier's desk 

ajjarfc, mark 

S!J{ofd)C, mesh 

SJottj, notice, memorandum 

^?aVpC, (pap) cardboard 

$rdmie, premium 

5lJrofcf|"ion, profession 

CvUalitttt, quality 

duantitiit, quantity 

gfjcntc, rent 

©ortc, sort 

Summc, sum 

XahcUe, tabulation 



Za^c, tax 
Sonne, ton 
SSJorc, ware 

Neuter 
65ummt, gum, rubber 
Jponorar, honorarium, fee 
Snttcntor, inventory 
Capital, capital 
SDJonoVol, monopoly 
SUiuftcr, muster, sample 
DI, oil 

^arf, package 
5^npicr, paper 
^Jntcnt, patent 
*|Sccf), pitch 
Salar, salary 
©ortimcnt, assortment 
©t)nbifat, syndicate 
©Ijftem, system 
SJcIcgramm, telegram 
ijelcpljon, telephone 
SSad)^, wax 



Derivative Nouns 



Masculine 

9lbrcffat, addressee 
Sanfier, banker 
Jinanstcr, financier 
Smportcur, importer 
fiapitnlift, capitalist 
5taf)'icr(cr), cashier 
JRcnttcr, retired business man 
Sdimugiilcr, smuggler 
2^clcgrapl)ift, telegraph operator 



Feminine 



SBScfcrci, bakery 
SSacfcrin, baker's wife 
SBricffdjaftcn, mail 
SJiirfjin, cook 
Slotierung, quotation 
(£d)micbc, smithy 
Sdjmuggcici, smuggling 
SJctcgrapIjic, telegraphy 
SBcrjjacfung, packing 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



39 



Neuter 

Qf>tbM, pastry 
©cVfid, baggage 



bricflid), by letter 
finanjieU, financial 
inbuftrieU, industrial 
favitoliftifcf), capitalistic 
muftcrl)aft, exemplary 
ijlig, oily 
^japicrcn, made of paper 



©cfcf)mcil»c, (gold) smith's work, 
jewelry 

Derivative Adjectives 

qualitatib, qualitative 
quantitatitj, quantitative 
fl)(tcmatifd), systematic 
tabcUarifd), tabular 
tclcgrapl)ifd), telegraphic 
tclcpt)onifcf), by telephone 
hJcidifern, waxen 



Derivative Verbs 



obrcfftcren, address 
bacfen, bake 
einfaffieren, collect 
I)onoricrcn, honor (draft) 
importiercn, import 
focl)en, cook 
marficren, mark 
notiercn, quote 
olcn, oil 
patfcn, pack 
Vrofittcreu, profit 
fatortcrcn, salary 
((i^mtebcn, forge, frame 



fortieren, assort 
[ta^eln, staple 
ftemfcin, stamp, cancel 
fummicren, sum up 
tajicrcn, appraise 
tclcgrap()tcrcn, telegraph 
tclcpljonicrcn, telephone 
tjcrbricfcn, promise in writing 
ticrforfcn, cork up 
ttcr^jodcn, pack up 

Used in the Past Participle only 
cr^i^t, sticky, eager 



29 

Masculine 
93aH, ball 

Subcl, jubilee, exultation 
5«E, joke 
Xan^, dance 
!trum^)f, trump 



Amusement and Games 

Neuter 

93t((arb, billiards 
^J'Omtno, domino 
fycft, feast, celebration, 
(©djad), chess 



40 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



iaUen, form into a ball 
iubcln, rejoice 



Masculine 
(St)ataftct, character 
e-goi^mu!^, egotism 
©rimm, grim, anger 
^orm, harm 
Snftinft, instinct 
©d)aiiber, shudder 
Xalt, tact 
Sitcl, title 

mii, wit 

Feminine 

i^nititttttie, initiative 
Tronic, irony 



Derivative Adjective 
fcftlid), festive 

Derivative Verbs 

tanjcn, dance 
trumpfcn, trump 

30. Abstracts 

Suft, lust, desire 
Wanicv, manner 
SJJtcnc, mien, air 
9icuc, rue, repentance 
®d)om, shame 
©orgc, sorrow 
SScifc, wise, manner 

Neuter 

5Pt)Icgmo, phlegm 
2'olent, talent 
2^cmpcvoment, temperament 



bcforgt, anxious 
d)oraftcrifttfd), characteristic 
rf)araftcrIo§, shifty 
cgoiftifd), selfish 
ergrimmt, enraged 
grtmmig, enraged 
I)ormlo^, harmless 
inftinftil), instinctive 
tronifd), ironical 
luftcrn, desirous 
luftig, merry 



Derivative Adjectives 

manicrlici), mannerly 
Vf){cgmottf(I|, phlegmatic 
fcf)flmIo^, shameless 
forgcnUoU, anxious 
forglo^, free from care 
taftlo§, without tact 
tafttiuQ, judicious 
tolcitttcrt, talented 
tierfcftamt, shamefaced 
hJt^tg, witty 



ficluftigcn, amuse 
licrcuen, rue, repent 



Derivative Verbs 

BcfdjSmcn, put to shame 
licforgen, take care of 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



41 



Bctitetn, title 

djarafterificren, characterize 

gcliiftcn, desire 

Ijarmcit, grieve 

fc^omen fic^, be ashamed 



fd^oubern, shudder 
forgcn, care 
titulicren, title 
Bcrforgcn, take care of 



B. ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS 



on, all 

bcftc, best 

blau, blue 

blonb, blond, light colored 

braun, brown 

brat), brave, good 

britlant, brilliant 

boppcit, double 

broUtg, droll, funny 

elegant, elegant 

ernft, earnest 

folfd), false 

fanattfd), fanatic 

foul, foul, putrid, lazy 

fcin, fine, refined 

fern, far 

feft, fast, solid 

fett, fat 

frei, free 

frifd), fresh 

flclb, yellow 

fltaufom, (gruesome) cruel 

grotc^f, grotesque 

griin, green 

gut, good 

l^alb, half 

barfd), harsh 

f)art, hard 

t)oi)l, hollow 

l^uman, humane 



impofont, imposing, impressive 

infant, infamous, base 

influfitie, inclusively 

intelligent, intelligent 

intenfiW, intensive 

intereffant, interesting 

intern, internal 

international, international 

intim, intimate 

intolerant, intolerant 

jotoial, jovial 

jung, young 

fol)I, callow, bald 

fedf, quick, lively, bold 

flar, clear 

fofett, coquettish 

fiil)l, cool 

lat)m, lame 

tafonifc^, laconic 

loffig, lazy 

laut, loud 

le^t, last 

lofc, loose 

mager, meager 

ntet)r, more 

meift, most 

milb, mild 

minber, minus, less 

ntiirrifd), morose 

narfift, next 



42 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



narft, naked 

nottt, naive, ingenuous 

ncttu, net 

neutral, neutral 

nobcl, noble, generous 

offijicd, official 

oriflineU, original 

otiol, oval 

parallel, parallel 

plump, plump, clumsy 

popular, popular 

prioat, private 

profan, profane 

quer, queer, cross 

quitt, quit, released 

rar, rare 

rafd), rash, quick 

retd), rich 

reif, ripe 

toi), raw 

rot, red 

runb, round 

fatt, satiated 

fauer, sour 

f(^abtg, shabby 

fdjal, shallow 

f(f)arf, sharp 

fdjcu, shy 

fc{)lcr, sheer 

fd)lou, sly 



fd)mal, (small) narrow 

fd)ntppifrf), snappish 

felber, self 

feltcn, seldom, rare 

fi(^er, secure, safe 

ficd), sick 

folib, solid 

fonber, sundry, separate 

ftiitig, steady 

fteif, stiff 

ftereotl)p, stereotyped 

ftcti§, steadily, always 

fttfl, still 

fubtil, subtle 

tragifd), tragic 

trcu, true, loyal 

triaial, trivial 

tt)pif(l), typical 

Pafant, vacant 

tooO, full 

toati), awake 

ftiartn, warm 

hJCl), woe, painful 

ttJCtfc, wise 

tt)crt, worth 

njilb, wild 

luiUfommcn, welcome 

h30l)I, well 

hjunb, wounded, sore 

hjiift, waste, desolate 



C. VERBS 



ot»en, etch 
bacfcn, bake 
bcflinncn, begin 
bcrften, burst 
bictcn, bid, offer 



binben, bind 
blu()cn, blow, bloom 
boI)ren, bore 
borqen, borrow 
braucn, brew 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



43 



6red)cn, break 

bringcn, bring 

briillen, brawl, roar 

6umme(n, bum, loaf 

bauern, endure, last 

bcflaintercn, (declamation) recite 

biftieren, dictate 

fof)ren, fare, move 

faHcn, fall 

faften, fast 

fc{)Ien, fail, be lacking 

finben, find 

flacfern, flicker 

Pattern, flutter 

flicgen, fly 

Pieljen, flee 

floriercn, flourish 

folgen, follow 

frieren, freeze 

fiil)len, feel 

fiJUcn, fill 

fldf)ncn, yawn 

fleborcn, (bear) give birth 

gcllen, yell 

gletten, glide 

fllimmen, gleam 

glifeern, glitter 

gliif)cn, glow 

gratuUeren, congratulate 

grctfcn, gripe, grasp 

grinfcn, grin 

grunjen, grunt 

fiocfcn, hack 

I)alten, hold 

{)angcn, hang 

ftauen, hew 

t)eif(I)cn, ask 

Ijctfcn, help 



l^culen, howl 
()inbern, hinder 
{)infcn, (hunch) limp 
I)oIen, haul, get 
f)orcn, hear 
tjiipfcn, hop 
ignoriercn, ignore 
tUuminicrcn, illuminate 
imiticrcn, imitate 
im^jonieren, impose, impress 
inftjicren, infect 
irren, err 

fapitulieren, capitulate 

ffopfcn, club, strike 

fommcn, come 

foftcn, cost 

fracf)5en, crow 

fraljcn, scratch 

friedjen, crouch, creep 

ladjcn, laugh 

loben, load 

loufd)cn, listen 

Icrfen, lick (tongue) 

Icl^ncn, lean 

leifjcn, loan 

lenfen, (link) turn 

lernen, learn 

Keferit, deliver 

Itegen, lie, rest 

lifpcfn, lisp 

(ugen, look 

liigcn, lie, tell an untruth 

luUcn, lull 

mo(i)cn, make 

maf)cn, mow 

tncincn, mean 

mclfcn, milk 



44 



A PRACTICAL GUmE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



mcrfcn, mark, remark 

mifdjen, mix 

murmcin, murmur 

murren, be morose, growl 

mu^, must 

nagen, gnaw 

nSftrcn, nourish, feed 

necfcn, nag, tease 

nicfen, sneeze 

orbncn, (order) arrange 

padea, pack, seize 

^aricrcn, parry 

^jfeifcn, fife, whistle 

^jfliicfcn, pluck 

pxden, pick 

^ladfcn, plague, tease 

iplfirrcn, blare 

:platfdjcrn, splash 

^liinbcrn, plunder 

pod)cn, poke 

:|jbfeln, pickle 

policren, polish 

^jrebigcn, (predicate) preach 

:>)rcifcn, praise 

Vreffcn, press 

pridcin, prickle 

:puffen, puff 

quofen, squeak 

quetfcf)cn, squash 

quicfcn, squeak 

raffinicren, refine 

rofd)cIn, rustle 

taficrcn, (razor) shave 

rauben, rob 

rcdincn, reckon 

fcgiercn, (regent) govern 

reificti, rub 

tei(^cn, reach 



rciten, ride (on horseback) 

rcnncn, run 

rcparieren, repair 

rcpcticrcn, repeat 

rcprafentiercn, represent 

retiibiercn, revise 

ringcn, wring 

rinnen, run (fluids) 

rbften, roast 

riJden, rock, move 

riiljren, (uproar) stir 

rumpein, rumble 

focn, sow 

fagen, say 

fommcln, assemble 

faugcn, soak, suck 

frfjabcn, shave 

fc^aufcln, shake, oscillate 

fdjeinen, shine 

f^cltcn, scold 

fc{)cren, shear 

fd)cucrn, scour 

fd)tebcn, shift, shove 

ftj^tafen, sleep 

fc^Iagcn, slay, slug, strike 

fdjlingcn, sling 

fd)moud)cn, smoke 

fdjmcdcn, smack, taste 

fd)mctd)eln, (smicker) flatter 

fd^micren, smear 

fcfimunjcin, smile 

fd)nappen, snap 

fdinordjen, snore 

f(f)nSu3en, (snot) blow one's nose 

fd^niiffcltt, sniff 

ft^rctbcn, (scribe) write 
fd^rcicn, shriek 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



45 



fdjttianfcn, swing, waver 

^iftvatmtn, swarm 

f(I)rt)c6en, (swift) hover 

fd^toenfen, swing 

ft^ttiimmcn, swim 

fcftmingcn, swing 

f(^tt)i^en, sweat 

fdjhjorcn, swear 

fcgncn, sign with the cross, bless 

fef)en, see 

fcnbett, send 

ficbcn, seethe 

fingcn, sing 

ftttfcit, sink 

fi^cn, sit 

fott, shall 

f^jfi^en, spy 

fpanncn, span 

fporcn, spare, save 

f^jcbicrcn, expedite 

fpcicn, spit 

fpcnbcn, spend 

fpcrrcn, (spar) obstruct 

f^jinncn, spin 

fplei^cn, split 

fprcijcn, spread 

f^jric^cn, sprout 

f^jringcn, spring 

f^Jutcn, speed 

ftaucn, stow 

ftauncn, astound 

ftc^cn, stick, stab 

ftc^cn, (stay) stand 

ftcf)(cn, steal 

ftodctt, be stuck, stop 

ftopfen, stufE 



ftoren, stir, disturb 
[tottern, stutter 
ftrebcn, strive 
ftrccfen, stretch 
ftrcic^cn, stroke 
ftrcifen, strip 
ftreucn, strew 
ftro^en, strut 
fudjcn, (sought) seek 
tattottJtcrcn, tattoo 
tirfcn, tick 
txampeln, trample 
troucn, trust 
trctcn, tread, step 
trinfcn, drink 
troHcn, troll 

tumtncln, tumble about 
tuvfcn, tip 
bcrgcffcn, forget 
ttCEtcrcn, vex 
h3acf)fcn, wax, grow 
toogcn, weigh 
h)al)rcn, beware, protect 
toanbern, wander 
toarncn, warn 
toafdjcn, wash 
hjaten, wade 
totden, waken, wake 
toc^en, whet 
toicgen, weigh 
hjimmcrn, whimper 
hjinben, wind 
hjirfcn, work 
tvoUcn, will 
toringen, wring 
3tottf(f)crn, twitter 



46 A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

D. PREPOSITIONS 

an, on iti/ in 

anftatt, (in) stead (of) inncrl)olb, (inner half) within 

ouf, up(on) jenfcit^, yon(der) side, on the 

au^, out (of) other side of 

ouftcr, (outer) outside of, besides longg, (a) long 

auRcrljalb, (outer half) outside obcrlialb, (over, upper half) above 

binncn (b=inncn), inside, within iibcr, over 

bie^fcit^, (on) this side (of) untcr, under 

cntlang, along unterl)alti, (under half) below 

fiir, for tior, (be)fore 

iialbtn, tialber, (in behalf of) on tt)al)rcnb, (wearing) during 

account of (half originally means JU, to 

side) Sufolgc, (to follow) in accordance 

I)inter, (be) hind with 

II. GERMAN WORDS WHICH CAN BE MADE SELF- 
EXPLANATORY BY THE SUBSTITUTION OF 
CONSONANTS OR VOWELS 

A. CONSONANTS 
1. German b, English / {gh, when pronounced /) 

bcr l^icb, thief fdinaubcn, sniff, snuff, pant, breathe 

iiaib, half heavily 

ba^ SJatb, calf fctbft, self 

bo^ 2aib, loaf i>cr etab, staff 

bo^ 2aub, leaf, foliage toub, deaf 

pt, if t>a§ SScib, wife, woman 

2. German h, English p 

bic SPorfc, purse, exchange bic fltiibc, rape (seed), beet 

bcr S^obd, people, mob 

3. German b, English v 

bcr 9lbcnb, eve, evening bo^ Jicbcr, fever 

bcr a3iber, beaver flcbcn, give 

Cbctt, even i»a^ (^'rob, grave 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



47 



f|o6cn, have frflicbcn, shove 

()ebcn, heave, lift ba^ Sieb, sieve 

bcr Ajcrbft, (harvest) autumn ba» Silbcr, silver 

bic iicrbc, (carve) notch ber Sforbut, scurvy 

bcr ilnabc, originally knave, now bcr Stab, stave 



boy 
Icbcn, live 
bic 2cbcr, liver 
licbcn, love 
ber 9iobel, navel 
bcr 9xObc, raven 
bic Salbc, salve, ointment 
fd)obcn, shave 



ftcrbcn, starve, die 

ftrcbcn, strive 

bic ©tube, stove room, room 

bic Xaubt, dove 

iibcl, evil 

iibcr, over 

hjcbcn, weave 



ber 8c^a(^t, shaft 



bod), though 
burd), through 



4. German b lost 
ber SBirbcI, whirl 

5. German d), English ch 
blcic^cn, bleach 

6. German d), English / 

bic Sd)t(^t, (shift) layer, stratum 

7. German itj, English g 
fcudjt, foggy, damp 

8. German it), English gh 

t)0^, high 

ber 9Jad)bar, neighbor 

9. German ii)t, English ct 

bic 'i^ad^t, compact 



10. German <i)t, English ght 
This does not apply to words in which t is an inflection: cr tna(ft=t. 

ad)t, eight fcd)tcn, fight 

bid)t, tight, dense bic 5rad)t, freight 



48 



A PRACTICAL GUmE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



btc J^urd^t, fright, fear 
ber jine(f)t, originally knight, serv- 
ant of a king, now servant 
Icicfit, light (weight) 
Ieucf)ten, light, shine 
i)a§ 2id)t, light 
bic d)la(l)t, might 
bic 9Jacf)t, night 



ntdftt, naught, not 

rccf)t, right 

bic £cf)Ia(f)t, slaughter, battle 

fcf)Ierf)t, slight, poor, bad 

fd)nd)t, slight, plain 

bie Std)t, sight 

bic Xocf)tcr, daughter 

Jt)id)ttg, weighty, important 



11. German d), English k 



bcr Sccf)cr, beaker, cup 

brcci^cn, break 

ha$ S8u^, book 

ber 2;cirf), dike 

bcr Coud), leek, garlic 

ha§ Socf), leak, hole 

tnad)cn, make 

bie ajjilrf), milk 

bcr StlJbnc^, monk 

^>0(f)cn, poke 

bic DJadjc, wreak, revenge 

ber 9}cd)en, rake 

red)ncn, reckon, figure 

f(i^Icid^cn, (sleek) sneak 



fd)maud)cn, smoke 

bic Sii^cl, sickle 

fic^, sick 

bic S^jcid^c, spoke 

fted)en, stick, prick 

bcr Stord^, stork 

ftrcid^cn, strike 

ber Strict, stroke 

fudjen, seek (sought) 

bcr 2'cid), (dike) pond 

ha§ Jud), (duck trousers) cloth 

toad), awake 

h)cid), weak, soft 

bic SSoc^c, week 



12. German ri^ lost 
bic tyrudit, fruit 



13. German d, English dg 

bic Sriidfc, bridge bic ^cdc, hedge 

bic Qde, edge, corner bct SRiidcn, ridge 

bcr aSed, (wedge) roll 

14. German d, English g 

btc <Bd)ladc, slag fdimiidcn, smug, adorn 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



49 



jurfcn, itch 

bie kxudt, crutch 



bcr Sobcn, bottom 
bie (vJarbinc, curtain 



15. German df, English tch 

ftretfen, stretch 
Snjtcfen, twitch, pinch 

16. German b, English t 

ber Ajober, hate 

bie Seibc, (satin) silk 



17. German 

ba^ Sab, bath 

bie SBube, booth 

ber Xanf, thanks 

bann, then 

btt«, that 

bcr Xaumen, thumb 

bein, thine 

benfen, think 

bO'ii 2:ing, thing 

birf, thick 

ber Xieb, thief 

bie^, this 

bie Xiftcl, thistle 

bocf), though 

ber Xonncr, thunder 

ber X^orn, thorn 

bort, there 

ber Xraf)t, thread, wire 

ber Xrang, throng, pressure 

brci, three 

brcftfien, thrash 

brolien, threaten 

bie Xroffcl, thrush 



b, English tk 

bunn, thin 

burc^, through 

ber Xurft, thirst 

bie (Jrbe, earth 

ber Jyflben, fathom 

bie 5eber, feather 

fijrbcrn, further 

bie ."peibe, heath 

ber .£»erb, hearth 

jcber, either, each 

t>a§ SUtit>, cloth 

ber Sobcn, lath 

hag yebcr, leather 

leib, loath 

niebcr, be-neath 

ber ^fab, path 

fifjabcn, scathe, hurt 

bie 3cf)cibc, sheath 

ber 2cf)mieb, smith 

ftcben, seethe 

ber £ub, south 

toiber, (with-stand) against 

toiirbig, worthy 



18. German Final b where it never occurred in English 

fremb, from, foreign ba^ ^?fanb, pawn 

ba^ Siinb, kin, relation, child bie Siinbe, sin 

ber 2)?Dnb, moon 



50 A PEACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

|)rufcn, probe, test 



19. German f, English b 

bic Jofel, table, tablet 



ber Slffc, ape, monkey 
bcr Sifdjof, bishop 
bai^ j^-ell, pelt, skin 
fltcifcn, grip 
ber ^anf, hemp 
bic ^orfc, harp 
bcr ^aufcn, heap 
l^elfcn, help 
Iioffcn, hope 
bic ^iiftc, hip 
loufcn, leap, run 
offcn, open 
roufcn, rip 
rcif, ripe 
bcr Soft, sap, juice 



bic j^a^nc, vane, flag 
bcr Jirni^, varnish 
bcr ^afen, haven, port 
Itefern, deliver 



20. German f, English p 

faufcn, sup 

bo^ Scf)af, sheep 

fdjaffcn, shape 

fdjorf, sharp 

ba^ Sc^iff, ship 

fdjiofcn, sleep 

fcf)Icifcn, slip over a stone, grind 

bic 2cifc, soap 

bic Staffcl, staple 

Sticf=, step- 

ftrcifcn, stripe 

taufcn, dip, christen 

ttef, deep 

triefcit, drip 

bic SSaffc, weapon 

isl. German f, English v 

bcr Dfcn, oven 

bic Sd^aufcl, shovel 

bcr 2:eufc{, devil 



22. German g, English dg 

l^Cgcn, hedge in 

23. German g, English gh 

bcr Ztx^, dough ftjtcgcn, weigh 

bcr !?rog, trough 

24. German g, English j 

bcr ©ouftcr, juggler bcr (yim^JcI, (jump, jumper) sim- 

pleton 

25. German g, English y 
gaf)nen, yawn t^a§ ©am, yarn 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



SI 



Qtlh, yellow 

gcttcn, yell 

gctten, yield, produce 



gcrn, (yearn) gladly 
gcftcrn, yesterday 



26. German Initial g or gc dropped 



gcgcn, again-st 

gcnug, enough 

ta^ ®cf(i)ttJobcr, squadron 

ba^ ©cftobc, steady land, shore 

flcfunb, sound, healthy 



glauiicn, be-lieve 
glcid), like 

\>a^ m\ct>, (lith) limb 
bo^ mU, luck 



27. German g following Various Vowels 



ba§ 9lugc, eye 
bcr 23ogen, bow 
cigen, own 
flicgcn, fly 
bcr ^agel, hail 
itt'^ Soger, layer 
bic 2ougc, lye 
Icgen, lay, put down 
leugncn, lie, deny 
licgcn, lie (position) 
liigcu, lie (untruth) 
mog, may 
bcr 9JageI, nail 
nagen, gnaw 



bic JRcgcI, rule 

bcr Sicgcn, rain 

bcr 9itcgct, rail, bolt 

bcr OJoggcn, rye 

bic SSgc, saw 

fogcn, say 

fcf)(agcn, slay, strike 

ba^ ©cgcl, sail 

fcgncn, sign with the cross, bless 

ba^ Sicgcl, seal 

bcr Xaq, day 

bcr SBogcI, fowl, bird 

bcr SScg, way 

bcr Stcflcl/ tile 



I a, yes 

ba^ ^af)t, year 



28. German j, English y 



jcncr, yonder, that 
ba^ So^/ yok^e 



29. 



bcr better, cellar 

bcr iioffcr, coffer, trunk 

fommcn, come 



German f, English c 

bcr firug, crock, jar 
bic Jiup^cl, cupola 



52 



A PRACTICAL GUmE TO A SCrENTIFIC 



bic Sonf, bench 
bic SBirfc, birch 
ber Jyinf, finch 
l)tnfcn, (hunch) limp 
bcr Slotf, chalk, lime 
ber iJamin, chimney 
bic Stammer, chamber 
ber SidmlJC, champion 
bie Slanjel, chancel 
bie Siopellc, chapel 
t>a^ ^apitcl, chapter 



folgcn, follow 



30. German f, English ch 
bcr iUplan, chaplain 
bic Si arte, chart 
bcr Siafc, cheese 
bic ftaftonie, chestnut 
fafteien, chastise 
faucn, chew 
ficl)crn, chuckle 
bo^ ftinn, chin 
bie ftir(f)e, church 
bic Sliftc, chest, box 
bic Stiirfc, starch 

31. German I, English n 
bic Crgcl, organ 

32. German I, English r 
bcr ©obcl, saber 

33. German Ig, English // 

ber Xolg, tallow 



34. German Internal i missing in the English Word 

bie ©d^almei, shawm tocid), which 
folc^, such 

35. German mm, English mb 

bumm, dumb ber ^riimmer, (thrum) ruin 

bie Slammer, chamber tummcln, tumble about 

ber Slummer, encumbrance ber Simmermann, timberman, car- 

bie Glummer, number penter 

ber Scf)lummer, slumber 

36. German mm, English mp 

bie tlammer, clamp, clasp bcr Stummel, stump 

Kcmmcn, clamp toimmern, whimper 
frumm, crumpled, crooked 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



53 



37. German it missing in English 
fern, far ber Sporn, spur 

fitnf, five ber ©tern, star 

bic Qian§, goose un^, us 

ber aJlunb, mouth ber SBunfci^, wish 

fanft, soft 

38. German nn, English nd 
ber Conner, thunder 



bic Jlrippc, crib 
i)a§ 5|Sotfter, bolster 



bte KHppc, cliff 
piatt, flat 



39. German p, English b 

bte ^ISofaune, bassoon 
bte Stoppcl, stubble 

40. German p, English / 

bie Sd)orpe, scarf 



41. German p^, English b 
ber Snopf, knob, button ber ^^opf, tub, pot 



42. German pf, English / 

t>aB Dpfcr, offer, sacrifice ftopfcn, stuff 

ber ©d^nupfeit, (snuff) catarrh 



43. German 

ber 5(pfcl, apple 

ber ^antpf, (damp) vapor 

ber .<c>opfeit, hop 

l^itpfctt, hop 

tmpfen, imp, vaccinate 

ber ftarpfen, carp 

ber Srampf, cramp 

bo^ Slupfer, copper 

ber 5lJfab, path 

ber ^fal)I, pole 

bo^ ^faitb, pawn, pledge 



pf, English p 

bie ^foittte, pan 
ber ^Sfau, peacock 
ber ^feffcr, pepper 
ber $feilcr, pillar 
bie ^Sflttttsc, plant 
ba§ *lSflafter, plaster 
bie ^flounte, plum 
bte Wl^i, plight, duty 
ber 5)Sflod, plug 
pfiiicfen, pluck 
ber 5UfIug, plough 



54 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SdENTIFIC 



ber ^Jfoftcn, post 

bic ^Jfotc, paw 

bcr *45ful)(, pool 

bcr, ba^ *4Jful)I, pillow 

rupfen, rip 

fd)liipfcn, slip 

bic Scl)ncpfc, snipe 



bic S3orftc, bristle 
bic SBortc, braid 
brcnnen, burn 
ba^ JBrctt, board 



borgcn, borrow 
bic JurrfjC, furrow 
ba^ SJiarf, marrow 



bic ^roffcl, thrush 



fcf)ijpfcn, scoop 
ber 3tuml)f, stump 
bcr Siimpf, swamp 
bcr 2^ropfen, drop 
bcr Jriimpf, trump 
tupfcn, lip 



44. German r transposed 
l)cifcr, hoarse 

bo^ 9iof?, horse 
bic £d)cr5c, scrap 



45. German rcf), rg, rf, English rr 



morgcn, tomorrow 
forgcn, (sorrow), care 

46. German f, English r 

bcr ^ofc, hare 

47. German f, English sh 

ba^ ftiffcn, cushion 



ou§, out 
fici^cn, bite 
fieffcr, better 
"ba^, that 
cffcn, eat 

ba^ 5aj?, vat, barrel 
faffcn, (fetter), grasp 
bic 5-cffcI, fetter 
flie^cn, float, flow 
bcr 5uft, foot 
bic ©ci^, goat 
gro^, great 



48. German f, English t 
grii{?cn, greet 
bcr ^aft, hatred 
^eift, hot 

bcr .Qcffcl, kettle, boiler 
bcr Slofj, (cleat) clod 
laffcn, let 

tsa^ 2o^, lot, destiny 
bcr 9)Ii3rfcr, mortar 
bic 9JcffcI, nettle 
bic 9Juf5, nut 
bic Sd)(ojjc, sleet 
fd)meif{cn, smite 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



55 



bic 2d)uffct, scuttle 
bcr Scfjtticift, sweat 
bcr SpicR, spit, spear 
fplct^en, split 
fpricffcn, sprout 



ha§ Sd^oc^, chess 



bic StraRC, street 
fiiR, sweet 
ta§ SBaffer, water 
tticift, white 

49. German f, English s 
btofen, blaze 

50. German f(ft, English c/t 

bic S^anjc, chance, risk 

51. German frf), English j 
bcr <Bit>aiai, jackal 



52. German 

bic Sd)Iadjt, slaughter, battle 

bic S(^Iocfc, slag 

bcr ®(f)Iaf, sleep 

bic ed)longc, (slink) snake 

fcf)(au, sly 

bic Sd)Icf)C, sloe 

fcl)Ictd)cn, (sleek) slink, sneak 

fdjicifcn, slip over a stone, grind 

bcr £d)Icim, slime 

frf)Ici^cn, slit 

fd)Icppcn, (slip) drag 

bic Scf)Icufc, sluice 

ftl)licf)t, slight, plain 

j'cf)lingcn, sling 

bcr SdiUttcn, sleigh 

fd)Iifecn, slit 

bic 3cf)(oRe, sleet 

bcr Sdjiummcr, slumber 

fd}liipfcn, slip 

fct)mal, small, narrow 



fdj, English j 

fd)maud)Ctt, smoke 

fdf)mcrfcn, smack, taste 

fd)mcid)cln, smicker, flatter 

fdimci^en, smite 

fdjmclscn, smelt 

bcr Sdimcrj, smart, pain 

fdjmicrcn, smear 

fdjmuggcin, smuggle 

bcr Sc^mufe, (smutty) dirt 

fdjnapfcn, snap 

fdjnardjcn, snore 

fd)naufcn, sniff 

bic £d)nau5C, snout 

bcr Sdincc, snow 

bic £rf)ncpfc, snipe 

fdjniiffcln, sniff 

bcr £rf)nupfcn, (snuff) catarrh 

bic Sd)nur, snare, string 

bcr Sdiwabcn, swath 

bic Scfinjabron, squadron 



56 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bic StJ)tt)Olbc, swallow 
bcr Sd)tt)an, swan 
bcr £cl)n)arm, swarm 
bic Sd)tt)ortc, sward 
f(f)ft)ar5, swarthy, black 
t>a& Scf)ttJcin, swine, hog 
fd)ttjeUcn, swell 



63. 



fdiabcn, scathe 
ber Srf)ar6ocf, scurvy 
ber Sdjarlad), scarlet 
bic S^arpc, scarf 
ber ®(^aum, scum 
fdjcltcn, scold 



boi§ Sc^Wcrt, sword 
fc^Joimmcn, swim 
f(l)H)inbcIn, swindle 
fd)ttjingcn, swing 
fc^njifecn, sweat 
fd)tt)ijrcn, swear 

German ft^, English sc 

bic ®d)cr6e, scrap 
ber Srfiorf, scurf 
fdjrapcn, scrape 
bic Sc^roubc, screw 
f(l)rcil)cn, (scribe) write 
ftfirubbctt, scrub 



54. German f(f), English .tyfe 

bo!§ Si^ormii^cl, skirmish ber Scf)irm, (skirmish) screen, 

fc^inbcn, skin umbrella 

55. German frf)h), English 5 
bic ©t^tocftcr, sister 



56. German 



alt, old 

ber a3nrt, beard 

bo^ SBcct, flower bed 

bog SBctt, bed 

bieten, bid, offer 

bO!^ 93Iatt, blade, sheet, leaf 

bag SBIut, blood 

breit, broad 

bog Srot, bread 

bic SBrut, brood 

ber ^rol)t, thread, wire 

eitcl, idle, vain 

bic 5'Olte, fold 



t, English d 

bte 5'Wt, ford 

bog S'Utter, fodder, food 

ber QJorten, garden 

gcltcit, yield 

flicitcn, glide 

ber ©ott, God 

ber (yiirtcl, girdle 

gut, good 

t)aUen, hold 

i)axt, hard 

bog i^oupt, head 

bic .?>out, hide, skin 

{)inten, be-hind 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



57 



bcr ^trt, herdsman 

fait, cold 

btc iJartc, card 

lout, loud 

teitcn, lead 

bic SUJitte, middle 

bcr ifJJut, mood, disposition 

bic 9Jot, need 

bic Otter, adder 

bos Stotfct, riddle 

rctten, ride 

rot, red 

bic 9{utc, rod 

bic ©oot, seed 

bcr Sottcl, saddle 

bcr ©gotten, shade, shadow 

bic Sd)ultcr, shoulder 

f(f)Utten, shed 

bo^ S^iDcrt, sword 

bic Scitc, side 

fcltcn, seldom 

bcr ©^jotcn, spade 

fputcn, speed 

ftotig, steady 

bic Stutc, (steed) mare 

bo^ Xal, dale, valley 

bcr Xan^, dance 



tou^cn, duck, dive 

bcr Xeidf, (dike) pond 

bcr Xciq, dough 

bcr ^^cil, deal, part 

tcucr, dear 

ttcf, deep 

bo^ Xiet, (deer) beast 

bcr Xx\(t), desk, table 

bcr Xob, death 

toil, dull, mad 

bo^ Uor, door, gate 

trogen, (draw) carry 

bic J^roufc, drip, eaves 

bcr !lroum, dream 

trourig, dreary, sad 

trcibcn, drive 

trctcn, tread, step 

bo^ Xniii, duck, cloth 

tun, do 

bic 2:iir, door 

Utttcr, under 

bo^ Urteit, ordeal, judgment 

toolten, wield, rule 

hjotcn, wade 

hjcit, wide 

bic SBcIt, world 

ha§ aSort, word 



bic Sottc, lath 
bic SOJottc, moth 
bic aJiuttcr, mother 



57. German t, English th 



bcr aSotcr, father 

tDcrt, worth 

bo^ SSJcttcr, weather 



58. German Final t missing in English 
bort, there 



$8 A PRACTICAL GUffiE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

59. German (j, English t 
btc ©ruljc, grit fcl?cn, set 

bie ApiljC/ heat fibcn, sit 

bas* 9Jc^, net ftrofecn, strut 

bcr Srf)H^, slit h)c<?cn, whet 

fd)h3il5cn, sweat bcr SBilj, wit 

60. German ij, English ich 

aljcn, etch 

61. German to, English gii 
tvattcn, (ward) guard, watch, wait for 

62. English w missing in German 
bcr Sum^jf, swamp fii^, sweet 

63. German 5, English c 
bcr Xani, dance bcr S^^^r (census) interest 

64. German 5, English ch 

jirpcn, chirp 

65. German 3, English d 

f^Jrcijcn, spread 

66. German 3, English sch 
bcr Scttel; schedule, sheet of paper 

67. German 5, English / 

ficijcn, bite, corrode furj, curt, short 

bcr Soljcn, bolt bcr 2cn5, Lent 

bcr j^ils, felt ba§ maH, malt 

grunscn, grunt bie SDliinje, mint, money, coin 

l^Ct5Cn, heat bcr ^clj, pelt, fur 

ha^ .^pcrj, heart bie ^Panjc, plant 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



59 



\>a§ Satj, salt 

fd)mcl3en, smelt 

bcr ©dimerj, smart, pain 

bic Sdjnausc, snout 

ber Scfjurj, (shirt) apron 

bic Stclje, stilt 

ftiirjen, start, rush 

bie SBarje, wart 

bcr SScijen, wheat 

3(idcn, tack 

bcr S^iflCl, tail 

5a()C, tough 

3al)Ien, tell, count 

3a()m, tame 

bie Sfltjrc, tear 

Sapfen, tap 

bcr 3ttum, team, bridle 

bic 3e^C/ toe 

5cl)n, ten 

5cl)rcn, tear up, consume 

bo^ gei^ctt/ token 



SCtgetl, (be-token) show 
Scrrcn, tear, pull 
ber SicficI, tile 
5tel)en, (tug) pull 

bcr 3itntnermonn, timberman, car- 
penter 
ha§ 3inn, tin 
ber 3ipfcl/ tip 
ber SoU, toll 
ber 3opf/ tuft (of hair) 
ju, to, too 
ber 3w6cr, tub 
ber 3u9f tug, pull, train 
bcr 3«ni'er, tinder 
bic 3un9C, tongue 
SttJci, two 
ber 3>fei9A twig 
bcr 3tf tiling, (twin-ling) twin 
ber 3^irn, (two-yarn) thread 
ShJttf^ern, twitter 
3h)ij(f, twelve 



68. German 5, English ih 
f^hjorj, swarthy, black 

B. VOWELS 

69. German 00, English a 
ber Baal, (saloon) hall 



ha§ ^aat, hair 



70. German aa, English at 
ba§ 'H^aat, pair 



ber $tal, eel 

bic ^ahd, needle 



71. German aa, English ee 
bic ©oat, seed 



6o 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTLFIC 



72. German a, English e 



bann, then 

bcr ©aft, guest 

t>ex ^anf, hemp 

bic £aftamc, chestnut 

bcr ftnall, knell, sound 

laffcn, let 

bcr Siodcn, neck 



btc !)iaft, rest 

bcr Somen, (semen) seed 

bic ®c{)olc, shell 

bcr Stamm, stem 

ttjonn, when 

ba^ SIBrocf, wreck 



bcr fSavt, beard 

bcr ^ra^t, thread, wire 

bcr Sftfon, pheasant 

i>a§ Sat)r, year 

tlav, clear 

magcr, meager 

ba^ Wlaifl, meal 



73. German a, English ea 

bic ajjafcrn, measles 
bic di(id)e, w-reak, revenge 
bic (Btatit, (stead) town 
bic SSoffc, weapon 
btti^ SBap))cn, weapon, coat 
arms 



of 



74. German 



ba^ ©^df, sheep 

frf)Iafcn, sleep 

bie ©pradjc, speech 



0, English ee 
bcr Staf)I, steel 
bie Strode, street 



75. German a, English ei 

ocf)t, eight bcr 9Jod)bar, neighbor 

bic jjradit, freight (fraught) 

76. German a, English i 
flacfcrn, flicker bic yiaiS)t, night 

bcr ®ram, (grim) anger bcr Srfinobcl, (nibble) beak 

bic Tladft, might 

77. German a, English ie 

bic 58of)re, bier 



alt, old 
fultcn, fold 



78. German a, English o 

^altcn, hold 
bcr iJaffcc, cofifee 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 6 1 

bcr ilofao, cocoa bic 5)Jap)jcl, poplar 

fott, cold bcr 5^foI)I, pole 

ber Slamm, comb bic Otofctc, skyrocket 

fnorfcn, knock, break fanft, soft 

long, long fc^nardjcn, snore 

bic 9Jafc, nose ber Xabat, tobacco 

bcr ^otift, ^a\f\t, pope ber SBoIb, wold, woods 

79. German a, English oo 

bic @an§, goose bcr ^afcn, hook 

80. German o, English u 

Pottcrn, flutter 

81. German a, English au 
fcf)tarf)tcn, slaughter, kill 

82. German ii, English a 

bcr 2arm, alarm, noise bcr Siitiet, saber 

Idfftg, lazy fdf)abig, shabby 

ber Wdr^, March f^toormen, swarm 
piat\d)ttn, plash 

83. German o, English aw 

gfi^ncn, yawn bic Siigc, saw 

84. German ii, English e 

fi^cn, etch bic 8pf)orc, sphere 

tiac^ft, next 

85. German a, English ca 

bic 9i{)rc, ear tt)oI)ren, wear, last 

ftotig, steady bic 3ttf)re, tear 

86. German ii, English ee 

bcr £afc, cheese 



62 A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

87. German a, English ei 
hjcigcn, weigh 

88. German H, English i 
bag 9{atfcl, riddle 

89. German a, English ou 

SiiljC, tough 

90. German a, English ow 

hVdi)tn, blow m'di)cn, mow 

frii^cn, crow fflC"/ sow 

91. German a, English y 
f)jof|cn, spy 

92. German at, EngUsh ay 

bcr Wai, May 

93. German a\, English oa 

ba§ 2a\b, loaf 

94. German au, English aw 

btc Slauc, claw 

95. German ou, English ea 

bcr 93aum, beam, tree bcr Saum, seam, edge 

bcr ^aufcn, heap taub, deaf 

bag ^aupt, head traurtg, dreary, sad 

laufcn, leap, run t>cr Saum, team, bridle 

96. German au, English ee 
bcr S'taug, fleece i>cr ^aud), leek 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



63 



i)autn, hew, cut 
lanen, chew 



btc SBraut, bride elect 
bic 3-auft, fist 
bic ^mt, hide 
loufdicn, listen 



97. German au, English ew 

fc^raubcn, screw 
bcr Xau, dew 

98. German au, English i 

faufcn, sip, drink 
bcr Strau^, ostrich 
taufcn, (dip) christen 
bic 2^roufc, (drip) eaves 



roubcn, rob 

bic S^oufcf, shovel 



au^, out 

bo^ ^ou^, house 

Iflut, loud 

bic 3)lau^, mouse 



Braun, brown 
bic ^aunc, down 
bic Sou, sow 



bic Stuftcr, oyster 



99. German ou, English ie 

fllttubcn, believe 

100. German au, English 

fci^maud^cu, smoke 
bie Xaubc, dove 

101. German au, English 00 

bcr JRaum, room 

102. German ou, English ou 

foucr, sour 
bic Sdjnoujc, snout 
ftouncn, astound 
toufenb, thousand 

103. German ou, English ow 

bcr Sd^oucr, shower 

ftoucn, stow 

bo§ Xau, tow, rope 

104. German ou, English oy 

i0U(^3cn, (joy) exult 



64 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



OUf, up 

bauern, endure, last 
bcr Xiaumen, thumb 
bcr ©auflfr, juggler 
bcr ©aumcn, gum 



biau, blue 
bic fiaugc, lye 



106. German au, English u 

bic Saute, lute 

bic SJiauer, (Latin murus) wall 

bcr Sdjnubcr, shudder 

bcr Sdjaum, scum 

taudjcn, duck, dive 

106. German au, English ue 

flraufant, gruesome, cruel 

107. German ou, English y 

f(^Iau, sly 



108. German 



brcfd)cn, thrash 

bic 6fd|c, ash 

bcr (Jfct, ass 

bic 6fpc, aspen 

fern, far 

fcft, fast, solid 

fctt, fat 

bic ^crbcrgc, harbor, shelter 

bcr ^crbft, (harvest) autumn 

bcr ^crb, hearth 

bog ^crj, heart 

bic Jpcgc, hag, old woman, witch 

bic .tcrbe, (carve) notch 

bcr Strcbg, crab 

bic Scrdjc, lark 

Ic^t, last 

109. German 
fcljicn, fail 

bcr O'tcflcl, flail 

110. German 
bcr SBcdjcr, beaker, cup 

brcrficn, break 



c, English a 

bcr 9)}cnf^, man, person 

tncrfcn, mark, notice 

bic SJJcffc, mass 

ncdcn, nag, tease 

bcr 9xcd|cn, rake 

redfcn, rack, stretch 

bcr ©d)cnfcl, (shank) thigh 

fdjmcrfcn, smack, taste 

bcr ©timers, smart, pain 

fjjcrrcn, spar, obstruct 

bcr Stcmpcl, stamp 

ftcrbcn, (starve) die 

bcr Stern, star 

bic SEBcrft, wharf 

bic 9!Bef|)C, wasp 

c, English at 
<)rcifen, praise 

c, English ea 

bic &rbc, earth 
crnft, earnest 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



65 



bic @rntc, (earn) crop 
cffcn, eat 
bie i^cbtr, feather 
ba^ 5cft/ feast 
flcrn, (yearn) gladly 
j^cbcn, heave, lift, 
ia§ 2cd, leak 
bo;^ 2cber, leather 
Icljncn, lean 
ternen, learn 



bo^ 2IJel)I, meal, flour 

bic ^erle, pearl 

fc^cren, shear 

ftct;^, steadily, always 

trctcn, tread, step 

hJcDcn, weave 

ba^ SScttcr, weather 

jc^rcn, tear up, consume 

jcrrcn, tear, pull 



111. German c, English eu 
bie 5ct)bc, (foe) feud 



bcttfcn, think 

cflifl, (irk-some) disgusting 

bcr @))I)CU, ivy 

C^, it 

fccf)tcn, fight 

flcbcn, give 

fcrf, quick, lively 

lebcn, live 

bic Scbcr, liver 

Icdfen, lick 

tnclfcn, milk 

bo^ 5^cd), pitch 

rct^t, right 



112. German c, English i 

bic <£d^ncpfc, snipe 

fdjaenfcn, swing 

bic ©d^ftjcfter, sister 

fcd^^, six 

fcgncn, sign with the cross, bless 

bic Sc^nc. sinew 



bic ©pcjcrci, spices 
ftec^cn, stick, stab 
bic ©tcljc, stilt 
ftrebcn, strive 
hJCl^, which 



113. German c, English ie 
ba§ 3'Clb, field 



jcncr, yonder, that 
ba^ Sd^toert, sword 
twe^c, woe 



114. German c, English 

bic SBcIt, world 
ba^ SScrf, work 
tocrt, worth 



66 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



ba^ Srctt, board 
ia^ 2c()cn, loan 

bo^ 9fJcl), roe 
bic Sdjicljc, sloe 

Iierften, burst 



115. German c, English oa 

bcr 2e()m, loam, clay 

116. German e, English oe 

bic 3eftc, toe 

117. German c, English w 

rcnncn, run 

118. German ce, English a 

bcr S^eet, tar 

119. German cc, English ay 
bte JJce, fay, fairy 

120. German ec, English ea 



bcr, bog ©dimccr, smear 
bic ©cc, sea 



bcr Spccr, spear 
bcr 2:cc, tea 



bcr SIcc, clover 



bcr SDJciftcr, master 
()cif(f)cn, ask 



121. German cc, English o 

bcr Sd)ncc, snow 

122. German cc, English ou 

bic Seek, soul 

123. German ct, English a 

bic (£cibc, (satin) silk 



124. German ct, English ai 
ia§ Jpcil, (hail) good luck bic ^^cin, pain 

125. German ct, English e 
bog S'lcifd), flesh fd)cibcn, shed, part 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



67 



blcidjcn, bleach 
bic ^eibc, heath 
Ijetlcn, heal 
I)ci5cn, heat 
Icitcn, lead 
mcincn, mean 
reid^en, reach 



brct, three 
frci, free 



Bciftctt, bite 
ber XeiH), dike 
bctn, thine, thy 
citcl, idle, vain 
bic incite, file 
fcin, fine 
glctd), like 
grcifcn, gripe 
fncifen, nip 
Icidjt, light 
bag Seinen, linen 
bic Wldie, mile 
nxcin, mine, my 
^fctfen, fife, whistle 
ber ^Jfcilcr, pillar 
bcr I^Jrcig, price 
reid), rich 
tcif, ripe 

rein, (rinse) clean 
bcr 9{ct:§, rice 



126. German ei, English ea 

bic S^cibc, sheath 
bcr ©c^ttjci^, sweat 
fprcijcn, spread 
bcr XcH, deal, part 
hjcid), weak, soft 
bcr aBcijcn, wheat 

127. German ci, English ee 

ba§ Xxcv, (deer) beast 

128. German ci, English i 

rcitcn, ride 

f^cincn, shine 

bcr ®(i)Ictm, slime 

fd)mcid)c(n, smicker, flatter 

fdjmciHcn, smite 

bic Scitc, side 

fplci^cn, split 

ftctf, stiff 

bcr Strctt, strife 

ber Xcid), dike, pond 

treibcn, drive 

iaS 2>citd)en, violet 

ha^ 9Bet6, wife, woman 

bic SBcile, while 

bcr JBcin, wine 

tDcifc, wise 

bic 2Bcife, wise, manner 

h)ci^, white 

tticit, wide 

bcr Sft'cig, twig 



129. German ei, English ie 
ber 5cinb, fiend, enemy 



68 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SdENTTFIC 



130. German ei, English o 

bcibc, both I)cife, hot 

ba^ Setn, bone, leg bag JTleib, cloth 

cigcn, own bic 3{ci(}C, row 

cin, one bic ®}jcic^e, spoke 

bcr ©eift, ghost bcr Stein, stone 

bog ^cim, home 5*0"/ two 



brcit, broad 
bic Gic^c, oak 
bcr @ib, oath 



bet, by 



131. German ci, English oa 

bic Qici^, goat 
^cifcr, hoarse 

132. German ci, EngUsh « 
reiben, (rive), rub 

133. German ci, English y 

bic Scicr, lyre 

134. German cu, English ay 
bag Jpcu, hay 

135. German cu, English e 

bcr 2'cufcl, devil 

136. German ZM, English ea 

tcucr, dear 

137. German cu, EngUsh ee 

ftcucru, steer 



138. German cu, English ew 
ftrcucn, strew 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 69 

139. German cu, English i 
bo^ (5cucr, fire leugnen, lie, deny 
leud^len, light bic Scud^c, sickness 

140. German eu, English ie 
bcr {Jrcunb, friend 

141. German cu, English oi 
bic S8culc, (bile), boil 

142. German cu, English 00 

bic 58cutc, booty 

143. German cu, English ou 

f^cucrn, scour 

144. German cu, English ow 

^culcn, howl 

145. German cu, English 11 
bic SSJJcutcrei, mutiny 

146. German cu, English tie 
bic JRcuc, rue, regret trcu, true, loyal 

147. German cu, English ui 
bic Sc^Icufe, sluice 

148. German cu, English y 

f(^cu, shy 

149. German i, English a 

bcr ^\x\6), hart, stag bcr SSirt, warden 

bcr St^infcn, (shank) ham 



70 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



frtfd), fresh 

bcr ^irt, herdsman 

trrcn, err 

bic iliftc, chest, box 



bic SBirne, pear 
Olimmen, gleam 
bic Aji^c, heat 



bcr £tri(^, stroke 



f)tnfcn, (hunch) limp 
bic ilircfjc, church 



Ijicr, here 



150. German i, English ay 
it^, (aye, i6lh century) yes 

151. German i, English e 

bcr *45infcl, (pencil) brush 
fidjcr, secure, safe 
bic Sft55C, sketch 
bcr Zi\di, desk, table 

162. German i, English ea 

f(!^rt)i^cn, sweat 
bcr £i^, seat 

153. German i, English ei 
tvid^tiq, weighty, important 

154. German i, English ie 
bcr Scfjilb, shield 

155. German t, English o 

ttJtrfcn, work 

156. German i, English ou 
md)t, nought, not 

157. German i, English u 

brt^ ftiffcn, cushion 
rinncn, run, flow 

158. German t, English y 

bcr Spion, spy 

159. German ic, English e 

(Sticf=, step- 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



71 



nicbcr, be-neath 
quiefen, squeak 



bic 93tcne, bee 
bo^ S3icr, beer 
flie()cn, flee 
frteren, freeze 
bcr (yric^e, Greek 
bcr 5lic(, keel 
bo^ Jlnie, knee 



160. German tc, English ea 

fdjmiercn, smear 
ba^ SSicfcI, weasel 

161. German ie, English ee 

nicfcn, sneeze 

fd^ter, sheer 

ficbcn, seethe 

bcr Stier, steer 

ttcf, deep 

'iia§ SStcJj, (fee) cattle (in trading) 

ba^ SSlicft, fleece 

162. German tc, EngUsh ei 

iricgcn, weigh 



163. German tc, English i 

bictcn, bid, offer bcr Sdimicb, smith 

bic^, this ficd), sick 

ba^ ©licb, (lith) limb bcr ®pic^, spit, spear 

Ucfcrn, deliver trtcfcil, drip 

fdjicdcii, shift bcr Stcgcl, tile 
bo^ Sdiicnticin, shinbone 

164. German ic, English 

ticficn, love 

165. German tc, English oa 
fltcftcn, float, flow bcr SJittcI, coat, frock 

166. German ic, English ou 
fprtc^cn, sprout Bier, four 

167. German tc, EngUsh y 
flicgcn, fly 



72 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIPIC 



168. German o, English a 
btc JSromticcrc, bramble bic ^^ofaunc, bassoon 



bic Jlocfc, flake 
bic Cttcr, adder 



bic Xortc, tart 
bcr Sobci, sable 

169. German o, English at 
bic Sortc, braid 



170. German o, English an 

t)oUn, haul, remove, get bic 2::oc^tcr, daughter 

bcr Slo^t, cauliflower, cabbage 

171. German o, English aw 
has <Bttof), straw 



bic 5)Sfotc, paw 
toif, raw 

bort, there 
rot, red 



bic SBo^ne, bean 
ba;^ Srot, bread 
brof)cn, threaten 
groft, great 
has O^r, ear 

bic ^lottc, fleet 
bic 'Slot, need 



bic Sorftc, bristle 
^oc^, high 



172. German o, English e 

iaS Sd^rot, shred 
tootfl, well 

173. German o, EngUsh ea 

bcr Often, east 

bic Oftcrn, Easter 

bcr Strom, stream, river 

bcr Xoh, death 

174. German o, English ce 

bic ©^loftc, sleet 
bic aSot^c, week 

175. German o, English i 

Ob, if 

bcr ^Btod, stick 

176. German o, English oa 
bic iio^Ic, coal 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



73 



bcr Ko^, cook 

Io§, loose 

bet Wofiv, Moor 

bod^, though 
hoppelt, double 



177. German o, English oi 
ba§ Jlloftcr, cloister 

178. German o, English oo 

bo^ 2ov, door, gate 
bie SSoUe, wool 

179. German o, English ou 

bic Stoppel, coupler 
bie Sonbc, sound 



180. German o, English ow 
bet ®toU, growl, grudge bic ilronc, crown 



181. 
bcr J)onner, thunder 
bie 'i^roffel, thrush 
ber ©olf, gulf 
ber SJlobcr, mud 
ber aJiorb, murder 
bie 9ionne, nun 
ber Dnfcl, uncle 
ber Orfon, hurricane 
ber ^flod, plug 
ber DJoft, rust 
fold), such 

bcr ©ommer, summer 
fonbcr, asunder, separate 
bic Sonne, sun 

182. 



German o, English u 

bcr S<)orn, spur 

ftodcn, be stuck 

ftopfcn, stuff 

bie Stoppel, stubble 

ftottcrn, stutter 

ftro^en, strut 

tott, dull, mad 

bie !J^onnc, tun 

ber Xopf, tub 

bie 2^rommeI, drum 

bcr Xro^t, trust (in God), comfort 

t)oa, full 

bcr Sotier (Sw^er), tub 

German o, English y 
trorfen, dry 



183. German oo, English o 

ha§ 9J?oo^, moss 

184. German oo, English oa 

bttiS SBoot, boat 



74 A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

185. German ij, English a 

fcf)ijpfen, shape 

186. German b, English e 
bic ^bCe, hell 5tt)blf, twelve 

187. German ij, English ea 
f)ottn, hear fdjnjorcn, swear 

188. German o, English eo 
bcr !J?b6cI, (people) mob 

189. German b, English / 

bic 3^bf)rc, fir fc^iJn, (sheen, shining) fair 

ber iiijnig, king ftbrcit, stir, disturb 

ber ^otd, pickle 

190. German b, English o 
bcr SOibrfcr, mortar 

191. German b, English oa 

rbftcn, roast 

192. German b, EngUsh oi 

t>a§ CI, oil 

193. German b, English ti 

bic a?brfc, purse, exchange bcr iinb(f|cl, knuckle 

fbrbcrn, further 

194. German u, English a 

bcr ^nt, hat bcr Stur^, (start) rush, fall 

bcr iiu(^cn, cake bcr Sum^jf, swamp 

195. German u, EngUsh e 

bcr Subc, Jew bic .Viluft, (cleft) chasm 

bo^ SuttJCl, jewel bic lUmc, elm 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



75 



bic SSucf)C, beech 
fputcn, speed 



196. German u, English ea 

bic Sruft, breast 

197. German u, English ce 

bic Stutc, (steed) mare 
fuc^cn, seek 



bcr Turft, thirst 
bcr X'ufcl, dizziness 
bic JVurd)t, fright, fear 
bcr iiuf?, kiss 



198. German u, EngUsh / 

bic OJunjct, wrinkle 
bet Sdjurj, ( shirt) apron 
bcr aSunfcft, wish 
bcr Suniicr, tinder 



199. German u, English o 



bcr Sufcn, bosom 

ia^ X'uijcnb, dozen 

bcr 3-ud)^, fox 

bic Jyurt, ford 

bo^ 5-uttcr, fodder, food 

bcr Sue, joke 

bcr ftrug, (crockery) jar 

ba^ Jiupfcr, copper 

furs, short 



bic .Tjuttc, (coat) frock 

bic SDIuttcr, mother 

bic 9iutc, rod 

bcr Sturm, storm 

tun, do 

bo^ Urtcit, ordeal, judgment 

bo^ SSunbcr, wonder, miracle 

bcr aSurm, worm 

5«/ to 



200. German u, English oa 

bcr ?(ufrul)r, uproar bic Jlutfrfjc, coach 

201. German u, English oe 

bcr Sd)ul), shoe 

202. German u, English oo 

bic 93Iumc, (bloom) flower bcr 5u^, foot 

bO'^ 83Iut, blood gut, good 

has '•^ud), book bcr Jpuf, hoof 

bic SBubc, booth bcr SDfut, mood, disposition 

bcr Jlur, floor bic 9]ubcl, noodle 



76 



A PRACTICAL GUmE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bcr 5(JfuI)I, pool 
ber *4Jubcf, poodle 
bic Srf)ule, school 
bcr Bput, spook 



bu, thou 

burd), through 

ber JIunbcr, flounder 

gefunb, sound, healthy 

ber OJrunb, ground 

bic ©ru^Jpc, group 

bcr ^unb, hound, dog 

jung, young 

bic SWutbc, mould 

bcr SRunb, mouth 

bcr 5^flug, plough 



bic ^uf), cow 
nun, now 



f^iitten, shed 
fii^lcn, feel 



bic Spulc, spool 

bcr StuI)I, stool, chair 

5U, too 



203. German u, English ou 

ha^ *4Jfunb, pound 

runb, round 

bic ®d)ultcr, shoulder 

bcr Sunb, sound 

bic Suppc, soup 

bic 2^ruppc, troupe 

ba^ J^urnier, tournament 

bic U()r, (hour) clock, watch 

bic Unje, ounce 

bie SBunbe, wound 

204. German u, English ow 

ta§ 5)Subcr, powder 
bcr 2!urm, tower 

205. German u, English ui 

bic 5^"^^/ ^J^uit 

206. German u, English y 

bcr 2vid)§, lynx 

207. German u, English aw 
briiflen, brawl, roar 

208. German ii, English e 

iibcf, evil 

209. German ii, English ee 

griin, green 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



77 



grii^cn, greet 
^iitcn, heed 



fii^n, keen, fierce, bold 
fiift, sweet 



btc 93rurfc, bridge 

fiiUcn, mi 

bo^ Siiaeit, filly 

fiinf, five 

bcr Siirft, (first) ruler 

btc ©rit^c, grit 

bcr ©iirtct, girdle 

btc ^iiftc, hip 

bcr Sriip^jcl, cripple 



Iilii{)cit, blow 
btc Siic^fc, box 
fiir, for 
fllii^cn, glow 



210. German it, English i 

btc Siitd)C, kitchen 
litgcn, lie (untruth) 
bic 9JJiitt5C, mint, coin 
bcr 5JSfiiI)l, pillow 
bcr Diiidcn, ridge 
fcfjlitpfett, slip 
fdjttiiffeln, sniff 
bic Siinbc, sin 

211. German it, English o 

^upfctt, hop 
tiriifcn, probe, test 
iibcr, over 
toiirbtg, worthy 



bcr Siibcl, coop 
fu^l, cool 



212. German u, English oa 

btc Sitftc, coast 

213. German ii, English oo 

bic 2;iir, door 

214. German ii, English ou 
bcr Siibctt, south 



215. German it, English u 

btc Jpitttc, hut plitnbcrtt, plunder 

bic Siriidc, crutch bcr ^litfd), plush 

bcr Slitftcr, custodian, sexton bic Srf)iiffcl, scuttle, bowl 

p^uden, pluck bcr XM, tulle 



78 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



216, A Small List of Words 
betbc, both 
bafj, that 
bcr ^'leb, thief 
bo(f|, though 
bort, there 

ber J;ral)t, thread, wire 
bur^, through 
bcr (Jib, oath 
cigen, own 
bog f^a^, vat, barrel 
bie (yei^, goat 
J)ei)'cr, hoarse 
I)cij?, hot 

bic £ommcr, chamber 
ba^ Sllcib, cloth 
bcr 5)Sfab, path 



Subject to more than one Change 

tai^ iiJfttnb, pawn 

bic ^JJflanse, plant 

bic Stf)cibc, sheath 

bic 2cifc, soap 

bic Spci(l)c, spoke 

bcr Xan^, dance 

taub, deaf 

bic Saubc, dove 

taufcn, (dip) christen 

ticf, deep 

bcr 2:0b, death 

tricfcn, drip 

bcr 3(iflcl/ tail 

bcr 3«Pfen/ tap 

bcr 3'cgcl, tile 

bog Simmer, (timber) room 



III. DERIVATIVES 



1. Adjectives 
(a) In ig 

fcttig, greasy 
giitig, good, kind 
nicbrig, low 
t)i)Uig, entire, whole 

(b) In lic^ 

oltlid), elderly 
ormlid), poorly 
bldulid), bluish 
brounlid), brownish 
cigcnt(id), proper 
gelblicf), yellowish 
griinfid), greenish 
flcinltd), petty, mean 



Based on Adjectives 
longlirf), oblong 
lijglid), soluble 
Dffcntlicf), public 
rccfjtlid), lawful 
rcid)(ic(), plentiful 
rciflid), mature 
rcinlicf), clean 
rbtlid), reddish 
runblid), roundish 
fducrlid), sourish, acidulous 
fcf)tt3drf)(id), infirm, feeble 
fdinjorjlid), blackish 
fonbcrlicft, special, particular 
fiif?(irf), sweetish 
tDcidjIid), weak, effeminate 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



79 



2. Nouns Based on the above Adjectives. (All Feminine) 

JRcc^tHdjfcit, rectitude, honesty 
9{cinlid)feit, cleanliness 
Stf)ttjdcf)Hd)fcit, infirmity 
aBcid)ltd)fcit, effeminacy 



Srntlid^fcit, poorness 
jjcttigfeit, greasiness 
JlletnHd)fctt, meanness 
fiiji^lid)feit, solubility 
DffcntUc^fctt, publicity 



(a) In en§ 

bcften^, in the best manner 
etgen^, expressly, especially 

(b) Inlif^ 
crnftftdj, seriously 
ffilfdinrf), falsely 

^ijrfjlic^ft, in the highest degree 
fiirjtid), lately 



3. Adverbs 

neulid), (newly) lately 
fdjhjerlic^, hardly 
ftd)er(td), surely 
treulid), trustily, faithfully 
hJtt^rlid), truly 
tt)0l)Itt)cii§Ii4, very wisely 



(c) In fam (some) 
glcidifam, as it were, as if 



4. Nouns 
{a) Inc. (All Feminine) 
Sleidjc, pallor 
SBraunc, brown color 
Srcitc, breadth 
^irfc, thickness 
J^iirrc, dryness 
@bcne, plain 
gcrnc, distance 
{Jrcmbc, foreign country 
5rtfd)C, freshness 
©rii^C, greatness 
@iitc, goodness, kindness 
Jpdrtc, hardness 
^ot)t, height 
k'dltt, cold, coldness 
^it^Ic, coolness 
Surjc, shortness 
Songc, length 



Based on Adjectives 

fitcbc, love 

SJJilbc, mildness 

9ta^e, nearness 

5)3tattc, plate 

IRcifc, ripeness, maturity 

Sourc, sourness, acid 

©d^iirfc, sharpness 

(2d)lt)drf)e, weakness 

Sdjttjcrc, heaviness 

©torfc, strength 

©tittc, stillness 

Strcngc, sternness, severity 

SJiefc, depth 

Strcue, loyalty 

SS0(I)C, watch 

SSarmc, warmth 

SSci^c, whiteness 

SBettc, width 



8o 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



SBunbc, wound 
SBuftc, desert 

(/)) In i)cit (hood). (All Feminine) 

S8ltnbf)cit, blindness 
S?Ionbi)cit, fair-hairedness 
58roijt)eit, bravery, goodness 
^id|t()cit, density 
3)umml)dt, stupidity 
®unfetl)eit, darkness 
Gigenf)cit, property 
j^alfrf)l)Ctt, falsehood 
i^anlf)e\t, idleness 
j^einljett, fineness, delicacy 
^ted)i]cxt, (fresh) impertinence 
j^rciijeit, freedom 
@crabl)cit, uprightness 
©cfunbl)ett, health 
©lcid)l)cit, likeness, equality 
©rofiljctt, roughness, rudeness 
^alb()ctt, half-measure 
^ot)cit, highness 
Sal^njcit, baldness 
iJcd^ctt, quickness, liveliness 
JtlorI)eit, clearness 
iiU()nf)cit, boldness 
Sau^ctt, lukewarmness 
9)Jcftrf)cit, majority 
50Jinberl)cit, minority 
9Jadtf)cit, nakedness 
9'}cu{)ett, novelty 
5lJlumpf)cit, clumsiness 
9Jctnl)eit, cleanliness 
©onftljctt, softness 
<Bd)lappt)eit, slackness 
Sc{)IauI)cit, slyness, craftiness 
©c^ijn^eit, beauty 



S(f)roff()cit, gruffness 
(3^tt)od)J)Ctt, weakness 
®cltcnl)cit, rarity 
®i(f)cr()cit, security, safety 
Sonbcrl)ctt, peculiarity 
Stetff)cit, stiffness 
Jaubftctt, deafness 
Jro(fcn{)cit, dryness, drought 
2Sof)rI)cit, truth 
9Bcid)f)eit, weakness, softness 
2Bci^t)cit, wisdom 
ftBilb()cit, wildness 
3at)ml)cit, tameness 

(c) In igfcit. (All Feminine) 

^tdjtigfcit, density 
f^cud)tigfcit, moisture 
Slletnigfcit, trifle 
Sctdjttgfcit, facihty 
9Jcttigfctt, neatness 
SJcuigfctt, news 
©iiftigfcit, sweetness 
SS'liflfcit, toughness, tenacity 

(d) Infcit. (All Feminine) 

^rolligfcit, drollery 
©itelfcit, idleness, vanity 
©rouf amfctt, gruesomeness, cruelty 
^cifcrfcit, hoarseness 
Soffigfcit, laziness 
SUJogcrfctt, meagerness 
©djabigfcit, shabbiness 
Statigfcit, steadiness 
iibelfeit, (evil) nausea 
S^rourtgfcit, dreariness, sadness 
SBidjtigfcit, weightiness, impor- 
tance 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



8i 



(e) In it at. (All Feminine) 

©enialitat, ingeniousness 
Jpumonttiit, humanity, kindness 
Sntcnfittttot, intensity 
Sntimitat, intimacy 
^otiialitat, joviality 
9?oit)itat, ingenuity 
Criginalitdt, originality 
^opularitat, popularity 
SJaritat, rarity 
©olibitfit, solidity 
ittittialitat, triviality 

(/) In ni^ (ness) 

btc SSStlbny, wilderness 
bic SBirrni^, confusion 

(g) Inf«aft(ship). (All 
Feminine) 

Sarfdjaft, (bare, nude money) 

cash on hand 
©igcnft^aft, property 

(h) In turn (dom) 

ba§ ©tflcntum, property 
ber 5Rcid)tum, riches, wealth 

{i) In ung (ing). (All Feminine) 

Sefferung, improvement 
©leic^ung, (like) equation 



iltiimmung, curvature, crooked- 
ness 
£d{)mung, lameness, palsy 
Sofung, solution, dilution 
Cluittung, (acquittal) receipt 
JRunbung, rounding 
SEriitfung, disturbance 

(k) Simple Formations 

bcr @rnft, earnest, seriousness 

haS jjctt, fat, grease 

\)a§ @riin, green color, verdure 

H§ JRcdjt, right 

bic ®(f)cu, (shy) timidity 

ba^ Ubcl, evil 

bic SBafonj, vacancy 

ba^ SlBel), woe, sadness 

ber aScrt, worth, value 

bcr SSillfommcn, welcome 

ba^ 2Bof)t, welfare 

(/) Various Formations 

ha§ 2({tcr, age 

bic Stonbinc, fair woman 

bic SBrillians, brilliancy 

H§ '^idid)t, thicket 

bcr j^inatigmu^, fanaticism 

bcr (yroliian, rufl&an 

bic .©alftc, half 

bic iSuflcnb, youth 

bcr 2:i)puig, type 



5. Verbs Based on Adjectives and Adverbs 
altcrn, grow old 6Icnbcn, blind, dazzle 



bcffcrn, better 
tiletd)cn, bleach 



bunfcin, grow dark 
e^cncn, even, level 



82 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



ffilftften, forge 
gcfunben, recover health 
glcid)cn, be like 
griincn, grow green 
I)albtcren, bisect 
I)drten, harden 
^i)f)(cn, hollow, excavate 
ftSrcn, clear, clarify 
fiirjen, shorten 
Id^mcn, lame, paralyze 
lieben, love 
lijfen, loosen, solve 
tncl)rcn, increase 
naf)en, approach 
no^crn, approach 
bffncn, open 
qutttieren, receipt 
reifcn, ripen 
rid^ten, direct 
fottigen, satiate 



fd^cucn, shun 

fc^Iid)tcn, level 

fdjrtjadjcn, weaken 

f(t)h)dr3cn, blacken 

ficfjcrn, secure 

fted)cn, be sick 

fonbcrn, separate 

ftdrfen, strengthen 

fteifcn, stiffen 

ftiUcn, quiet 

toUcn, act madly 

trauen, trust, make true, unite in 

marriage 
trodncn, dry 
triibcn, trouble, disturb 
n)ad)en, watch 
todrmen, warm 
ft)Ctf|cn, whiten 
hjcitcn, widen 
jd^tnen, tame 



6. Nouns Based on the above Verbs 

( a) Masculine 
gfilf^cr, forger 



( b) Feminine 

l^dlfrfiung, forgery 
^albmmiQ, bisection 
^oI)Iung, excavation 
Slldrung, clarification 
ftiirjung, abbreviation 
Cffnung, opening 



SRidjtung, direction 
©dtttgung, satiety 
®(^Iid)tung, smoothing 
©d)rt)dcf)ung, weakening 
©tdjerung, security 
Stdrfung, strengthening 
©ttflung, appeasing, stanching 
2'rauung, wedding ceremony 
3d^mung, taming 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



83 



7. Adjectives 

(a) In bar 

brcnnbar, combustible 
bcnfbar, conceivable 
c^ar, edible 
fa^bar, comprehensible 
fiibtbor, sensible 
greifbar, graspable 
t)aUbat, durable 
ticijbor, fit to be heated 
^orbar, audible 
foftbar, costly 
Icitbar, manageable 
hnfbar, manageable, dirigible 
mcrfbor, noticeable 
frfietnbar, apparent 
trcnnbar, separable 
trinfbor, drinkable 
hjagbor, ponderable 
rtjafrfjbar, washable 

{b) In i)aU (having) 

boucrl)oft, durable 
flattcr()oft, unstable 
gtoubbaft, credible 
t)abbaft, possessing 
lad)f)aft, ridiculous 
Ieb()aft, lively 
na{)rf)aft, nutritious 
fcf)Ob()aft, harmful 
fdjmacfbaft, palatable 
f^mctdjctljaft, flattering 
fd)rcrff)aft, fearful, terrific 
fe^bflft, settled, residing 
h)cbtI)oft, capable of bearing 
hJobnboft, residing 



Based on Verbs in I, C 

(c) In ifl (y) 

foQlg, falling due 
fliltig, valid 
gldubig, believing 
flebrig, sticky 
lebcnbig, alive 
fcblfifrtg, sleepy, drowsy 
hjiUig, willing 

(d) In tf(^ (ish) 

ticrfifc^, teasing 
f(^tt)drmcrifd^, enthusiastic 
triigcrif^, deceitful 

(e) In ltd) (like, ly) 

forbcrltd), useful 
gloubltd), credible 
binbcrlid), hindering 
fiiftUd), costly 
Ificberlid), ridiculous 
tncrfUd), perceptible 
orbcntlid), orderly 
f(bobIi(i^, hurtful 
fd^mdbHcf), ignominious 
fdirctftid), terrible 
ftcrblirf), mortal 

trcffltd), (hitting the mark) excel- 
lent 
triigltd), illusory 
tunlid), feasible 
itb(icf), customary 
bergcRUd), forgetful 
ttjcinerlid), inclined to weep 
arms hJtrflic^, (working) actual 



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A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



(/) In lose! (less) 
I)a(t(o^, unsustained 
I)ttflo^, helpless 
UbioS, lifeless 
fcftabto^, harmless 
fd)lafIoi^, sleepless 

(g) In rctd^ (rich) 

I)tlfreirf), helpful 
Icl)rrcic^, instructive 
fcgcn^rcid), blissful 



(h) In fam (some) 

folgfam, obedient 
Icnffam, manageable 
fparfam, economical 
ftrcbfam, ambitious 
Jpirffam, effective 

(i) Showing the Prefix utt 
unfcJjIbor, infallible 
unlcugbar, undeniable 
unfaglid), unspeakable 



8. Nouns Based on the above Adjectives. (All Feminine) 

Srcnnbarfctt, combustibility 
■JiauerJiaftigfcit, durability 
i^alligfcit, maturity (note) 



3^Iattcrf)aftigfctt, instability 
^'oigfamfcit, obedience 
©iltigfcit, validity 
©Ifiuliigfcit, credibility 
.(poltborfcit, durability 
J^altloflgfcit, untenability 
Jpilflufigfcit, helplessness 
SJoftOarfeit, costliness 
Sodfjcrlidifcit, ridiculous situation 
Scbcnbigfcit, liveliness 
Scitbarfcit, manageability 
Scnfbarfcit, manageableness 



Senffamfctt, manageableness 
Sd)ObItd)fctt, injuriousness 
Sdjiaflofigfeit, insomnia 
Sdjidfrigfcit, drowsiness 
©parfamfett, thriftiness 
etcrl)ltd)fcit, mortality 
Strebfamfcit, assiduity 
Srefflidjfcit, excellency 
2'rcnnbarfctt, separability 
UnfcJ)lbflrfeit, infallibility 
Unfcugbarfeit, undeniableness 
2?crgcj?Iid)fcit, forgetfulness 
aSinigfctt, willingness 
aiMrfHd)fett, reality 
SSirffamfeit, efficiency 



9. Nouns Based on Verbs in I 

(o) Simple Formations 

Masculine 
St^, bite 

SBrud), breach, fraction 

2^iebftat)r, (thief's stealing) theft 

gaa, fall 



^^ang, capture 
®rtff, grip, grasp 
5?ntff, trick 
<|Sftff, whistle 
^IJrci^, price, prize 
9{aub, robbery 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



85 



mitt, ride 

JRurf, move, jerk 

<Bd)tia, shine 

6t^taf, sleep 

<Bdfiaq, blow 

SdiUdj, trick 

©t^Iiff, polish 

Sc^Iung, swallow, throat 

©^mutf, adornment 

<B(i)Vtd, scare, fright 

Sc^uti, shove, push 

©d)h)Ctf, tail 

©i^, seat 

<Bti(f}, stitch, prick 

©to^, blow 

<Btvidi, stroke 

I^rob, trot 

Xvitb, driving, impulse 

Zvitt, step 

iJrunf, drink 

SBud)^, growth 

3ug, (tug) draught, train 

Feminine 
®aucr, duration 
©obc, gift 
J^tlfc, help 
Jtunft, ability, art 
Sflucr, lurking-place 
©^au, show 
!jat, deed 
2'rod)t, load, charge 

{b) Inc. (All Feminine) 

^aUe, fold 

i^olgc, succession 

^o6c, (having) belongings 



^c^c, (hate) chase 
Srtrc, error, astray 
SIcmmc, straits 
Satf|C, laughter 
Sogc, location, site 
Scljnc, (leaning) back 
Scl^rc, teaching, doctrine 
Siigc, lie, untruth 
2«iil)fe, mill 
JJJrcffc, press 
JRtnnc, gutter, channel 
©ogc, (saw, saying) legend 
©c^ciiic, sheath 
©(^cltc, reproach 
©c^erc, shears, scissors 
<Bil)Uppe, train (dress) 
©d^micrc, smear, grease 
©pinbc, cupboard, closet 
©^Jri^C, syringe 
©trcdc, stretch, distance 
©tii^C, stay, support 
Xa\tc, key (piano) 
Zau^C, christening 
SSttgc, balance, scales 
SBaf(^C, wash, laundry 
SScttc, bet 
SSicgc, balance, cradle 



(c) In ct. (All Feminine) 
S5raucrct, brewery 
SBrcnncrct, distillery 
Summcici, loitering 
JRafcrci, raving 
©dimeidjcici, flattery 
©(^niiffelct, spying 
©))tnncret, spinning mills 



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A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



(d) In el 
Masculine 

^angfcl, hanger (cloth) 
^cbcl, lever 
iilijpfcl, knocker 
(£d)ldgel, mallet 

Feminine 

(Bd)anftl, swing 
©pinbcl, spindle 

(e) In en 

Masculine 

©laulicn, belief 
S(^oben, damage 
Scgcn, blessing 
©trcifcn, stripe 

Neuter 
©ffctl, eating, food 
J^oftcn, Lent 
£c6cn, life 

Stauncn, astonishment 
©trcbcn, striving, ambition 
Jrcffen, (hitting) engagement 

(/) In or 

Masculine 

SBSdcr, baker 
a3Iafcr, blower 
58of)rer, bore, gimlet 
SBraucr, brewer 
23renncr, burner 
Summlcr, loafer 
^cnfcr, thinker 
5'C^kr, failure, mistake 



iJinbcr, finder 
Jpattcr, holder 
5oud)5cr, shout 
^Ictnmcr, (pincher) eye-glass 
SJiiufer, runner 
£oufcf)er, listener 
2et)rcr, teacher 
ficnfer, manager 
fieuc^tcr, candlestick 
ajJitHcr, miller 
^IJrebigcr, preacher 
JRoubcr, robber 
9tcitcr, rider 
JRenncr, runner 
SJJi^tcr, (right) judge 
JRittcr, (rider) knight 
©ommler, collector 
©anger, singer 

©(^affncr, (shaper) worker, con- 
ductor 
©d)tofcr, sleeper 
©d)Ictd)cr, sneak 
©rfjlcppcr, tugboat 
©(f)mcid)ler, flatterer 
©djniifflcr, spy 
©(^ij))fcr, shaper, creator 
©rfircibcr, writer, copyist 
SdjttJtmmcr, swimmer 
©cufscr, (soft cry) sigh 
©poI)cr, spy 
©pinner, spinner 
©pringer, sprinter 
©trcber, competitor 
SCaudjer, diver 
Sreffer, (hitter) prize 
2:rinfcr, drunkard 
SCurner, athlete 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



87 



aSanbcrcr, wanderer 
SSortcr, guard 
SBcbcr, weaver 
aScifcr, sign (road) 
StlQCT, indicator, hand 
3unbcr, (tinder) fuse 

Neuter 
fiagcr, layer 
St^oUcr, sliding window 

(g) In f)cU 
JBcrgcffcnl)cit, oblivion 

(//) In ling 
bet Xoufltng, child to be christened 

(i) In ni^. (Neuter) 

^cmtti^, impediment 
^inbcrni^, hindrance, obstacle 

(k) In t 
Masculine 
fiiefcraitt, purveyor 

Feminine 
i^a^tt, ride 
©tut, glow, heat 
^at)t, seam 
5|Srcbigt, sermon 

Neuter 
5Uofct, package 

. (/) In turn (dom) 

bcr ^rrtum, error 
bai) 9Sad)^tum, growth 



(ot) In ung (ing). (All Feminine) 

Stdl)ung, (blowing) inflation 

^ro^ung, threat 

iJoffung, conception 

gorbcrung, furtherance 

©cUung, validity 

^altung, attitude, carriage (body) 

^cijung, heating 

Stn^fung, vaccination 

Snfisierung, infection 

fiabung, load, cargo 

Cinbcrung, mitigation 

2)Jo()nung, reminder 

iDktnung, meaning, opinion 

2Jiifd)ung, mixture 

9Jof)rung, nourishment, food 

Crbnung, order 

5|JIiinbcrung, pillage 

5l5riifung, (probing) examination 

£luctfcf)ung, bruise 

9fJed)nung, calculation, bill 

SJegterung, regency, government 

JRcgung, agitation 

9Jcitiung, friction 

9Jt(f)tung, direction 

DfJitljrung, emotion 

©ammlung, collection 

(2d)maf)ung, abuse 

Sd)Opfung, creation 

Srf)tt)anfung, hesitation 

®d)tt)cnfung, evolution 

©{i^toingung, vibration 

Scnbung, shipment 

Scnfung, depression 

©i^ung, sitting, meeting 

<Spannung, tension 

©^errung, closing 



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A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Sprcngung, blasting (causing to 

spring) 
Stauung, congestion 
Storfung, stopping, stagnation 
Stbrung, disturbance 
Jrcnnung, separation 
Ubung, exercise 
SBonberung, migration 
Si^ornung, warning 
2Bafcf)ung, washing 
SBcnbung, (wending) turn 
SBibmung, dedication 
SBinbung, winding, convolution 
SBtrfung, (working) effect 
S3Sol)nung, residence 
3ic()ung, drawing 

(n) Foreign Words 
Masculine 
©ratutant, person who congratu- 
lates 
jSgnorant, ignorant person 
9Jcprafcntant, representative 

Feminine 

^cftamotion, declamation 
©rotulotion, congratulation 
Sgnoranj, ignorance 
JsUumination, illumination 
imitation, imitation 
Capitulation, capitulation, sur- 
render 
^UoUtur, polish 
Dicparatur, repair 
Repetition, repetition, review 
9{cprafcntatton, representation 
Dktitfion, revision 



3pebition, expedition, forwarding 
office 

(o) Increased by the Prefix gc 

Masculine 

©Citeter, (bidder) commander 

©cbanfc, thought 

Qitt)alt, (holdings) contents 

©efang, song 

©cfc^mad, taste 

Feminine 
©cburt, birth 

Neuter 

&e'ddtS, moaning 
©ebdrf, pastry 
©cbiet, territory 
©ebift, set of teeth 
©cbrSu, brew 
@cbrecf)en, ailment 
©ebriifl, roaring 
©effingni^, (catch) prison 
@cfecf)t, light, engagement 
©eflocfcr, flickering 
@efii()I, feeling 
©cgrinfc, grinning 
©egrunjc, grunting 
&ci)aU, (holdings) salary 
@e{)eul, howling 
@ef)or, hearing 
GJeft(f)cr, chuckling 
©cflopfc, continued knocking 
@efrad)5, croaking 
(ycIocf)tcr, laughter 
©clage, (clubbing together) ban- 
quet 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



89 



©clifpef, lisping 
©cmurmcl, murmuring 
©cmurr, grumbling 
©cpocf, baggage 
©eplatftftcr, splashing 
©cpliinbcr, pillage 
©cpoltcr, rumbling noise 
Q^epxidei, prickling 
©equate, croaking 
©eranfe, shoots of vine 
©eraffel, rattling 
OJerumpel, continual rumbling 
OJefc^mier, scribbling 
©eft^iipf, creature 
OJefc^rei, cry, clamor 
6Jefd)rt)irr, whizzing 
©cfbff, poor drink 



©cfpann, team 

(iJcftotter, stuttering 

©efuc^, request 

QJcfubcI, scribbling 

OJetofe, noise 

©ctrampcl, trampling 

Oietronf, beverage 

OJetrietic, machinery 

©etiimmel, din 

©enjarf)!^, growth 

(yctoede, fabric, texture 

OJehJCljr, gun, rifle 

GJettJimmcr, whimpering 

©ertjinbe, thread (screw), garland 

(ijettjijlbe, vault, arch 

©esifrf), hissing 

@C5tt)itfcf)er, twittering 



10. Inseparable Verbs 
(a) Prefix be 

bcfeftigen, fortify 

befeudjten, moisten 

befreien, free 

befremben, estrange 

begleid^en, equalize, settle 

befieben, like, please 

berci(f)ern, enrich 

beffinfttgen, soften 

beftftbnigcn, (render fair) excuse 

befcf)tt)cren, burden 

beftatigeit, (render steady) confirm 

betrauen, trust, confide 

betriiben, afiiict 

bcttjfibrett, prove, verify 

besd^men, tame, restrain 



Based on Adjectives 

{b) Prefix ent 

cntferncn, remove 
etitfremben, alienate 
entwerten, (worth) depreciate 
cntwirrcn, extricate 

(c) Prefix er 

erblinbcn, grow blind 
crfrifdjen, refresh 
erftfirten, harden, confirm 
crf)of)cn, heighten 
ttl'diten, expose to cold 
erflSren, declare 
erfiibnen ftrf), make bold 
criabmen, become lame 
crlangcn, attain 



90 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



crlci(f)tcrn, facilitate 
crncucrn, renew 
crbffncn, open 
crfcfjlaffen, slacken 
crh)ad)en, awake 
crttjarmcn, warm 
erwcic^cn, soften 
crttjcitern, widen 

(d) Prefix tier 

bcrolten, become obsolete 
berarmen, grow poor 
bcrdeffcrn, correct 
bcrbteidjcn, grow pale 
ticrbreitcn, circulate 
tierbrcitern, broaden 
tjcrbic^ten, condense 
tierbidcn, thicken 
tjcrbo^tpeln, double 
bcrbummen, stultify 
tjcrbunfeln, darken 
tjcrbunncn, dilute 
tterciteln, frustrate 
t)crfa(fcf)en, adulterate 
berfaulcn, rot 
tierfeincrn, refine 
toerfctten, be covered with fat 
Dcrglcicfien, compare 
tjcrgrbbcrn, make coarse 
ticrgrij^ern, enlarge 
ticrgiiten, make good, pay 
ttcr^ortcn, harden 



bcr()cf)ten, (hollow) conceal 
ticrjiingcn, make young 
tjcrflfircn, clarify 
bcrflctncrn, reduce 
Dcrfriimmen, become crooked 
berfiit)Icn, cool, chill 
bcrfiirjcn, shorten 
tocrldngcrn, lengthen 
bcrloutcn, become aloud, be re- 
ported 
Uerlicbcn fic^, fall in love 
toermc()ren, increase 
tierminbcrn, diminish 
bcrroljctt, turn brutal 
bcrfaucrn, turn sour 
t)erftf)arfcn, render more severe 
berfdjeudicn, scare away 
berfcf)ma(cni, make narrow 
bcrfdjbncrn, embellish 
t>crficf)crn, assure, insure 
tierfteifcn, stiffen 
tocrfitRen, sweeten 
bcrteuern, make dearer 
bcrticfcn, deepen 
tiertraucn, trust 
bertrorfncn, dry up 
beriibcfn, take amiss 
Uerrtjcrten, utilize 
bcrroilbcrn, run wild 
t)crft)irrcn, confuse 
Dcrrtjunbcn, wound, hurt 
Jjcrwiiftcn, lay waste 



11. Nouns Based on the above Verbs 
(a) Simple Formation (b) In en. (Neuter) 

bcr S?crg(cid), comparison G^rh)ad|cn, awakening 

fficrtraucn, trust 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



91 



(c) In cr. (All Masculine) 

SBcfreicr, liberator 
23cfrf)h)crer, weight (letter) 
SScrbcfl'ercr, reformer 
aScrbrcitcr, divulger 
5Bermef)rer, augmenter 
SScrft^iJncrcr, one who embellishes 

(d) In ung. (All Feminine) 

Scfcftigung, fortification 
a3cfeud)tung, moistening 
SBcfrciung, liberation 
fficfrcmbung, estrangement 
S8cglcid)ung, settlement 
SBercirfierung, enrichment 
SBeffinftigung, appeasement 
S8e|'cf)ijmgung, excuse 
ScfdittJerung, incumbrance 
S3eftdtigung, confirmation 
(Jntfernung, distance 
Gntfrcmbung, alienation 
GntWcrtung, depreciation 
Gntttirrung, extrication 
d-rblinbung, turning blind 
&rfrifcf)ung, refreshment 
(Jr^drtung, confirmation 
Grf)of)ung, elevation 
Grfiiltung, cold 
Grflfirung, declaration 
O^rlangung, attainment 
Grlciditcrung, relief 
Grncucrung, renewal 
©rbffnung, opening 
(Jrf(^Ioffung, relaxation 
Grttjormung, heating 
(5rtt)Ctd)ung, softening 
(JrttJcitcrung, extension 



SScrormung, impoverishment 
SBerbcfferung, correction 
SScrftrcttung, circulation 
JBerbrettcrung, broadening 
58crbi(f)tung, condensation 
Serbirfung, thiciiening 
SScrboppelung, duplication 
SBerbummung, stultification 
SBerbunfclung, obscuration 
liSerbitnnung, dilution 
SSercitelung, frustration 
J8erfalfd)ung, adulteration 
SSerfeinerung, refinement 
Scrfettung, fatty degeneration 
S3erglcicf)ung, comparison 
SScrgriJ^erung, enlargement 
SScrgiitung, compensation 
SScrfjartung, callousness 
SSerjiingung, rejuvenation 
SBerfldrung, clarification 
SBcrflcincrung, reduction 
JBcrfriimmung, crookedness 
SSerfiirjung, shortening 
SScrldngerung, extension 
9Scrmef)rung, increase 
SBcrminberung, decrease 
S8errof)ung, loss of refinement 
ffierf(f)drfung, greater severity 
SerfcfjiJncrung, embellishment 
SSeri'idjcrung, assurance 
SSerteuerung, raising of prices 
SBertiefung, depression 
SScriibclung, taking amiss 
JBcrttJcrtung, utilization 
SScrttJilbcrung, demoralization 
S?crrt)irrung, confusion 
SBerttJunbung, injury 
SScrteiiftung, devastation 



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A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



12. Inseparable Verbs 

(a) Prefix be 

bcbcnfcn, consider 

t)cbro()cn, threaten 

bcfafjren, pass over 

befallen, befall, attack 

bcfaffen firf), meddle with 

befinbcn ftd), be in a place 

bcfolgcn, follow 

bcfijrbern, further, promote 

befiiJ)lcn, feel, handle 

bcgreifcn, grasp, comprehend 

begucfen, look at 

bebolten, hold, keep 

bcf)orren, persist 

bcbaucn, hew, cut 

bcbclfcn fid), make shift 

bcl)tnbcvn, hinder, impede 

bcflemmen, oppress 

bcfommen, (come by) get 

bcladjcn, laugh at 

belaben, load, burden 

belaffcn, let be 

bclouf^ctt, listen to 

bclcbcn, enliven 

bclegen, lay (on a seat), secure 

beteljnen, invest with a fief 

bclctjren, instruct 

bcleurf)ten, illuminate 

belUgen, belie 

bemcrfen, remark 

bcnogcn, gnaw 

bc^jaden, charge with 

bcrauben, bereave 

bcrcd)ncn, calculate 

bcrenncn, assault (fort) 

beric^ten, report 



Based on Verbs in I, C 

bcriif)ren, touch 
befficn, sow, seed 
befd)abcn, shave 
befcf)affen, procure 
befcf)auen, look at 
bcfd)cinen, shine upon 
befcf)imvfcn, disgrace 
befct)Iagen, nail upon, coat with 
befc^Ieidjen, sneak upon 
bcftbmieren, besmear 
bcfdjnuffcln, snufHe at 
befdireibcn, describe 
befd)h)orcn, swear to 
befef)en, look at 
befc^cn, occupy 
beftngcn, sing, celebrate 
bcft^en, possess 
befponnen, put horses to 
bcfpeien, spit on 
bcfljinnen, cover with a texture 
befprengcn, sprinkle 
bef^jri^en, splash 
bcfpiilen, wash 
bcftccfien, bribe 
bcftel)cn, consist of 
befte{)lcn, steal from 
bcftreben, strive at 
beftreid)en, touch in passing 
beftrcuen, strew, sprinkle 
bcfud)en, seek up, visit 
befubeJn, soil 
betaften, test, touch 
bctragen, amount to 
bctraucn, entrust 
bctrcffcn, (hit at) concern 
bctreiben, (drive) carry on 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



93 



Bctrctcn, (tread) step upon 
betrinfen fic^, get drunk. 
tietriigen, betray, deceive 
bcttJaJjren, guard, protect 
bchjcljrcn, arm, equip 
betoeinen, weep for 
bcrtjeifen, show, prove 
bcttirfcn, effect 
be)t)ot)nen, occupy a house 
bejcigen, show, testify 
bejic^en, draw over 

(b) Occurring in the Past 
Participle only 

beranft, covered with vine 
betaumctt, in a stupor 
bcrtjad)fen, grown over 
bettJonbcrt, (traveled) experienced 
in 

(c) Prefix cnt 
cntbictcn, bid, command 
cntbrenncn, be inflamed 
cntfa^rcn, slip off 
entfollcn, fall from 
cntfaltcn, unfold 
cntpicgcn, fly away 
cntflicficn, flee from 
cntflte^cn, flow from 
cntgeltcn, pay for 
entgfciten, glide from 
tntt)aUtn, hold off, abstain 
ent^cbcn, lift from, free 
cntfommen, come off, escape 
entlabcn, unload 
cntlaffcn, let out, dismiss 
cntloufen, run away 



cntleiljcn, loan from 
cntrid)tcn, make right, settle 
cntringen, wring from 
entrinnen, run away, escape 
entriicfen, remove 
entfagen, (say off) desist 
entfc^cibcn, separate one's ideas, 

decide 
cntft^ttJcbcn, pass away 
cntfcnben, send off, despatch 
cntfpric^cn, sprout forth 
entftct)cn, stand out of, arise 
enttuenben, (wend) turn away, 

steal 
cntttjinbcn, ( wind) wrest from 
cntsiefjcn, withdraw 
cntsiinbcn, inflame (tinder) 

((f) Occurring in the Past 
Participle only 

cntlcgcn, lying away, remote 

(e) Prefix ct 

erbret^cn, break open 
crbringen, bring out, produce 
crbcnfcn, think out, devise 
erfa^rcn, experience (by travel- 
ing) 
crfaffen, take up 
crfinbcn, find out, invent 
crfolgcn, follow, ensue 
crfricrcn, freeze to death 
ergcben, give up, disclose 
crglii^ctt, glow up 
crgrcifcn, grasp 
crftaltcn, keep up, preserve 
crfjeben, (heave) raise 



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A PIL\CTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTiriC 



crbcifefien, ask, request 
crtjolcn, overhaul, recover 
erljorcn, hear, grant 
crlanen, let go, release 
criauidjcn, learn by listening 
erlebcn, live through 
eriegen, lay down, kill 
crlcrnen, learn 
crlcudjten, illumine 
criicgcn, lie down, succumb 
crmabncn, remind 
crndtjrcn, nourish 
erregen, stir up, excite 
crreidicn, reach 
crrirfiten, erect 
crringen, get by exertion 
crfaufen, drown (animals) 
crfdiaffcn, shape 
crft&cinen, appear 
erfdjlagen, ;lay 
crfdjlcidjcn, get by sneaking 
crfdjopfen, scoop out, exhaust 
erfcfercrfcn, scare 
erfcbiittern, shatter, shake 
crfcbcn, see from 
crfparen, spare, save 
erfpricBen, sprout forth 
eri'tcdien, stab 
erftetjcn, stand out, arise 
erfrrebcn, strive at 
crftrcrfcn, stretch out, extend 
cn'udicn, seek from, request 
crtragcn, bear 
CTtrinfen, (drench) drown 
crroadjien, grow up 
errodgcn, weigh, consider 
erroartcn, await, expect 



ertpccfcn, awaken 
erroebrcn, ward off 
crrocifcn, show, prove 
crroirfcn, work out, effect 
ertciirgen, wreck, strangle 
erjicben, draw out, bring up 

(/) Prefix gc 

gcbictcn, bid, command 
geJicnIcn, think of, remember 

(g) Prefix t)cr 
Derbieicn, forbid 
DcrbinDen, bind, connect 
Dcrbliibcn, (bloom away) fade 
pcrbrcdicn, break (a law) 
Dcrbrenncn, burn up 
oerbringcn, bring away, spend 
perbummeln, loiter away 
perbcntcn, think ill, blame 
Dcrfallen, fall off, decay 
Dcrfanen, take together, compose 
cerfedjtcn, fight for, defend 
Dcrfliegen, fly off, evaporate 
Dcrfolgen, follow, pursue 
Derfriercn, freeze to death 
Dcrgcbcn, forgive 
cergcben, go away, pass 
tiergclten, repay 
ocrgltmmcn, cease gleaming 
Dcrgliibcn, cease glowing 
cerbalten, withhold 
Dcrbaucn, beat soundly 
Derbcbcn fttft, (overheave) hurt 

oneself by lifting 
Bcrhcblen, conceal (put in a hole) 
pcrbelfcn, help to 



STUDY or THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



95 



Dcrficeen, incite (hate) 
BcrtiinOern, hinder 
Derf)oren, hear, examine 
sertrren ncf), err, go astray 
Dcrfleben, gl'-ie over 
Derfommcn, come off, perish 
ocrtrietften ncf), crouch away 
tjerlarfien, laugh at 
DcrlaDen, load 
DerlaiTen, let, leave 
Derlaufen nd), run the wrong way 
Derlefaen, live through 
ccrlegen, mislay 
ccrleitien, loan 
ecrleitcn, mislead 
Derlcrnen, (unlearn) forget 
Berleugnen, (lie) deny 
Dermadien, make over, bequeath 
Dcrmertcn, remark 
Bermtfrfjen, mix 
Bcrmogen, (may) be able 
DcrorOnen, ordain, command 
Derpacfen, pack up 
Dcrrccftncn nd), reckon wrongly 
Derreiben, pulverize (rub) 
Derrinncn, run off, expire 
Dcrriicfen, (rock) move away 
Dcn'agcn, refuse 
Den'ammeln, assemble 
Den'aufen, spend in drink 
Den'c&affen, shape, procure 
oen'cfieiDen, separate, die 
Bcn'cfiitfen, send away 
Derfdiieben, (shift over) put off 
cerfdjlafcn, sleep away 
Dcrfdilecpcn, put off 
Dcrfdilingen, (sling down) devour 



Berfcfirucfen, swallow 

Berfdjmadjten, faint away, smack, 
have a taste for 

Bcrfcf)maJ)en, disdain 

Bcn'cbnappen iid), let out 

Derfdjreiben, prescribe 

Dcrfdireien, decrj' 

toerfdjiittcn, spill 

DerfdirDiBen, sweat out, forget 

Derfdjroijren ndi, swear badly, 
conspire 

brrfeben, (foresee) provide 

Den'eticn nt^, see wrongly, err 

oerfenDen, send away 

Berfenfen, sink 

Benlnfen, sink, founder 

Dcn'caren, spare, reser^-e 

Ben'pcrren, (spar) obstruct 

Bcrfprcngen, disperse 

Berforisen, squirt away 

Bcrnehcn, understand 

Beruopfen, stop, constipate 

BerftoRcn, toss off, disown 

Bcrureidien, strike off, elapse 

Bcrureucn, (strew) scatter 

Berfudicn, seek to get, try 

Bcrrragen, bear 

Bcrtragcn nrf), bear one another, 
a^ree 

Bcrrraucn, trust 

Bertreiben, drive away 

Bertreten, tread, step into one's 
place, represent 

Bertrinfcn, spend in drinking 

Beriiben, (operate wrongly) com- 
mit 

Derwabren, guard, keep 



96 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



tocrrtialtctt, wield, manage 
berhjarncn, warn 
DcrrtJCbcn, interweave 
ticr>tJCl)rcn, (war off) forbid 
ticrhjeifen, show away, reprimand 
tjcrrtjcnbcn, (wend) turn to, apply 
tocrttjettcn, lose by betting 
ticrjcljrcn, tear up, consume 
bcr^crrcn, tear off, distort 
tierjie^cn, pull off, delay 

{h) Special Uses of the 
Past Participle 

tocrlcgcn, mislaid, embarrassed 
tocrrutft, unbalanced, crazy 
ttcrftorbcn, deceased 
tjcrftijrt, disturbed 
ttcrhjadjfcn, ill-grown 
tJCrrtJCint, red with tears 

{i) Prefix ser 

jerbei^cn, bite to pieces 
3crbrecf)en, break to pieces 
jerfaUcn, fall apart 
acrflicftcn, flow apart 



5cr()odfcn, hack to pieces 
5erl)aucn, cut to pieces 
jerflopfcn, beat to pieces 
Scrfncifen, rip apart 
jerlaufen, run apart, melt 
jerlcgcn, lay apart, analyze 
Scrmalmcn, (mill) crush 
jernagen, destroy by gnawing 
Serpfliirfen, pluck up 
§crquctfcf)cn, squash 
jcrrctbcn, (rub) pulverize 
5crrtnncn, flow apart, melt 
5crriii)ren, stir 
5crfd)ttticn, scrape up 
5crfcf)(agcit, beat to pieces 
3erfd)mettcrn, (smite) crush 
jcrfprcngen, burst into pieces, 

blow up 
5crf)jrtngcn, fly into pieces, crack 
5erftccl)en, pierce 
SCrftiJrcn, destroy 
Scrfto^en, pound 
jerftreuen, (strew) scatter 
5crtrampeln, trample down 
jertrcnnen, disjoin 
Sertrcten, tread under foot 



13. Adjectives Based on the above Inseparable Verbs 



(a) In bor 

bcmcrfbar, noticeable 
bcrc(i)cnbor, calculable 
bcfcljbar, fit to occupy 
bcmirfbar, feasible 
bcnjof)nbar, habitable 
crfoPar, conceivable 
crf)altbar, obtainable 
cricrnbar, learnable 
crrcgbor, excitable 



crreirfibar, attainable 
crfcl)bor, perceptible 
iJcrfcd)tbor, fit to defend 
bcrlcitbar, seducible 
bcrfcbaffbar, procurable 
t)erfd)tcbbor, fit to postpone 
berfcnfbar, sinkable 
tocrtocnbbar, applicable 
jcrlcgbar, divisible 
jcrftijrbar, destructible 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



97 



{b) In ifdj 

bctriigcrtfcft, deceitful 
crfinbcrifc^, inventive 

(c) In It(^ 

bebenfHd^, causing to think, critical 
6cbrol)Ud), menacing 
bcgrciflid), comprehensible 
bel)arrlicf), perseverant 
bc()ilfltd), helpful 
ticmerflti^, noticeable 
befd^auUcf), contemplative 
bcftedinc^, bribable 
cntjiinblid), inflammable 
CttfcbliU), weighty 



crf^jrtc^Hc^, profitable 
crtroglid), tolerable 
unticfd)rcibUti^, indescribable 
uncntgcltlid), free of charge 
unerld^Hd), irremissible 
unjcrtrcnnlidi, inseparable 
berbtnbUd), obliging 
toerld^Ut^, reliable 
ttcrtroglirf), peaceable 
tiertraulid), confidential 
Serfirct^lic^, brittle 

(d) In font 
cntJjaltfam, abstinent 



14. Nouns Based on the above Adjectives. (All Feminine) 



93cI)orrIt(f)fcit, perseverance 
S8efc^ouUd)fcit, contemplativeness 
S8eftcrf)Ud)feit, corruptibleness 
©ntbaltfamfcit, abstinence 
©rrcgbarfctt, irritability 
Unertraglirf)fcit, intolerableness 
llnscrtrcnnttdjfeit, inseparability 



SScrbtnbItrf)fett, liability 
SBertrfiglidjfctt, compatibility 
SBertrouIidjfctt, intimacy 
S?crttJcnbborfeit, applicability 
3crbt-ed)Hd)fcit, brittleness 
Serlegbarfcit, divisibility 



15. Nouns Based on the Preceding Inseparable Verbs 



(a) Simple Formations 
Masculine 

S5cgrtff, conception 
S8crid)t, report 
S3cfd)lag, attachment 
Scftanb, stock, amount 
Scfu^, visit 
S3etrag, amount 
23ctrtcb, operation 
23ctrug, fraud 



f&etoe\§, proof 
Grfolg, result, success 
Qriaff, remission 
SBcrbanb, association 
SBcrfaC, decay 
SScrfanb, shipment 
SScrfto^, offense 
SScrtrog, treaty, agreement 
f8cttve\§, rebuke 



98 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFTC 



Neuter 
@ntgelt, compensation 
SScrbot, prohibition 
SBcrl^br, hearing, examination 

{h) In cn. (Neuter) 
S3cfinbcn, state of health 
S8cftrcbcn, aspiration 
SBetrttgen, deportment 
SKcrbredjcn, crime 
2^ergcl)cn, misdemeanor 
JBcrmbgcn, (might) capital 
SBcrfcJjcn, mistake 
SBcrtroucn, trust, confidence 

(f) In cr. (All Masculine) 

(SJcbictcr, commander 
JBcrbrcc^cr, criminal 
JBcrtrctcr, substitute 
SBcrhJoItcr, manager 

{d) In I)cit. (All Feminine) 
S3ctrunfcnl)cit, drunkenness 
Gntfd)iebenf)cit, firmness 
@rgriffcn()cit, deep afi^ection 
@rrcgt()eit, excitement 
58ergongcn()cit, past 
!i8crfommcnl)Ctt, profligacy 
!S8crIaffcnf)Ctt, dereliction 
S?crlclit()ctt, decrepitude 
!S8crtegcn()cit, embarrassment 
S8crlie6t()eit, infatuation 
S8crriidll)eit, craziness 
SScrfd)Iafenf)cit, drowsiness 
ScrfflHcnfjeit, state of decay 
3crf(f)Iogcn{)Ctt, complete exhaus- 
tion 



Serftrcutl^eit, distraction 

(f) In v\^ 

bic ©rfparni!^, savings 
ba^ SBcrmacfitni^, legacy 

(/) In ung. (All Feminine) 

S3cfo(gung, observance 
SBeforbcrung, promotion 
S3cglcitung, escort 
SBcflcmmung, anguish 
Sclabung, loading 
SBclcbung, animation 
58elcguttg, engagement 
SBclcljrung, instruction 
58e(curf)tung, lighting 
SBcmcrfung, remark 
SScpatfung, load 
SBcraubung, deprivation 
SBcrccftnung, calculation 
9?criif)rung, contact 
23efcf)affung, purchase 
SBcfcftrcibung, description 
58cfc()rt)iJrung, exorcism 
Scfcfeung, setting, cast (play) 
JBcfiljung, property 
SBcfpannung, team 
JBcfprcngung, sprinkling 
3?cftCti)ung, bribery 
93c5icl)ung, reference 
(Sntfflltung, unfolding 
©ntlicbung, dispensation 
(?ntlabung, unloading 
(Jnttaffung, dismissal 
@ntricf)tung, payment 
O^ntfagung, resignation 
@ntf(i^cibung, decision 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



99 



©nthjcnbunfl, theft 
(Sutjieljung, withdrawal 
(Jnt^iinbung, inflammation 
Grfaljrung, experience 
©rfinbung, invention 
©rgctiung, surrender 
@rl)o(tung, preservation 
©rJjctmng, promotion 
@rl)o(ung, recreation 
@rI)orung, hearing 
G-rlcgung, killing 
Grmotinung, reminder 
©rndljrung, nourishment 
Grrcgung, excitement 
Grfdjoffung, creation 
©rfd)einung, apparition 
@rfd)ijpfung, exhaustion 
@rfcf)iitterung, concussion 
Grludgung, consideration 
GritJttrtung, expectation 
G^rtutrfung, enforcement 
Grsictiung, education 
SScrbinbung, connection 
SSerbrcnnung, combustion 
SBcrfaffung, constitution 
SScrfolgung, persecution 
JBcrgcltung, retribution 
SScr^inberung, prevention 



SSerirrung, aberration 
S?crlabung, loading 
SScrleil)ung, granting 
JBcrlcitung, temptation 
Sycrlcugnung, denial 
SBerorbnung, ordinance 
a!?erpotfung, package 
SBcrfammlung, assembly 
SBerfcf)tcbung, postponement 
JBcrfd)IcVPung, mislaying 
J8crfd)mdl)ung, disdain 
SScrfdircibung, obligation 
SBcrfd)h3iJrung, conspiracy 
JBcrfenfung, drop (stage) 
SBcrftauung, stowage 
SBcrftopfung, constipation 
5Berfud)ung, temptation 
SBcrtrcibung, expulsion 
SScrtretung, substitution 
SSeriibung, perpetration 
S>erh)a()rung, safe-keeping 
jycrhJttltung, management 
SScrttJcnbung, application 
S8er5cl)rung, consumption 
3crfd)mettcrung, dashing 

pieces 
3crftijrung, destruction 
3erftrcuung, distraction 



to 



IV. WORD-GROUPS 



1. alt, oW 
altllil), elderly 
ba^ 9ntcr, age 
ba^ 9ntcrtum, antiquity 
a(tertiimUd), old-fashioned 
altern, show the effects of old age 
bcroltct, obsolete 



2. anbcr, other 

finbcrn, ticranbcrn, change, alter 
bic Stnbcrung, SScrdnberung 
tjcrdnbcrlid), changeable 
bie SBcrdnbcrlit^fcit 



lOO 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



3. bet 31 rm, arm 

bcr Sirmcl, sleeve 

umarmcn, embrace; bic Umormung 

01 m, poor 

bic 5trmut, poverty 
Bcrormcn, become poor 
Ormlic^, poorly 

A possible cognate is b = a rm 
{with the poor) in-, 

bormljcrstg, charitable 
bic S8artnl)cr5igfcit, mercy 
ba^ ©rbormcn, mercy 
crbormlicf), miserable 

4. bic Stff^c, ashes 

cinfifdjcrn, incinerate 
bic @indf(bcrung 

6. auS, out (of) 

OU^cr, (outside of) besides 

ba^ Siu^crc, exterior 

bic Stuftcrlirfjlcitcn, appearances 

du^crn, utter 

bic ffliujjerung 

ttcrdu^crn, put outside, sell 

unt)crdu^cr(i(b 

auftcrorbcntlitb, extraordinary 

6. bacfcn {but, gcbadfcn) 

bcr Sdcfcr, baker; bic Sdctcrin 
bic Sdrfcrci, bakery 
ta^ ©cbdd, pastry 

7. bog Sob, bath 
bobcn, bathe 



8. bic Sobn, road, track, orbit 

bal)ncn, open a passage 
bol)ncn, polish the floor 
bic 58iit)nc, stage 

9. bcr SotI, ball, sphere 
boltcn, clench (fist) 
bcr SoUcn, bale 

10. bor, bare, nude (referring to 
money, visible, available, ready) 

bic 93orfd^aft, available cash 
cntbcbrcn, be deprived of 
bic dntbcbrung 
uncntbcf)rli(b, indispensable 

11. boucn, {booth) build 

bcr Sau (bic Sautcn), building 
bfl!^ ©cbdubc, building 
bcr Jtlotiicrbaucr, piano builder 
bcr Soucr, (boor) farmer; bic 

SBducrin 
bdu(c)rif^, rustic 
bcrbaucrn, get into boorish ways 
bcr(bfl^) 58oucr, (bower) birdcage 

12. bcr ffi u m , {beam) tree 
boumcin, dangle, be suspended 

from a tree 
fid^ baumctt, prance, stand up like 

a tree 

13. bcf cb Un(bcf obi, b t - 

f b I c n), command, order 

bcr SBcfcbt 

cmpfcblcn (cmpfobt, cmpfoblen)* 

recommend 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



lOI 



bte empfel)lung 

14. ficiftcn (btft, gcbif = 

fen), bite 

tocrbiffcn, sarcastic 

bic SBcrbiffcnftcit 

ber 23ife, bite 

ber SBtffcn, morsel 

btt^ dJcbift, set of teeth, bit 

ber SmbiR/ bite 

btfflg, sarcastic 

beijen, corrode, stain 

bie Seije, caustic 

15. b c r 58 e r g , ( iceberg = ice- 

hill) hill, mountain 

bergig, hilly, mountainous 
bergauf (up), bcrgab (down) 
ba^ (yebirgc, range of mountains 
bo^ JBorgcbirgc, promontory 
gebirgig, mountainous 

16. biegen (bog, gebo = 

gen), bow, bend 

bicgfant, flexible; bie Siegfomfett 

bie SBiegung, bend, curve 

ber Sogcn, bow, arc 

ber Siigel, (bugle, a bent trumpet) 

denotes a number of bent objects, 

handle, stirrup 
bo^ 58iigcleifen, pressing iron 
biigcin, press clothes; ber ^iigler 
bie 5Sucf)t, inlet 
ber 58udel, hump; burfeltg 
fid) biirfcn, stoop; ber SBudting 
teugcn, bow, incline 



Uorbeugen, bend forward, (fenc- 
ing) ward ofif 

fic^ tjerbeugen, bow; bie !S8erbcu= 
gung 

17. bicten {hot, geboten) 

{bid) ofer 

"aa^ Slnerbicten, ba^ 5lngebot, offer 

tterbieten (tterbot, tierbotcn), for- 
bid 

bo§ SScrbot, prohibition 

ber 23ote, messenger 

bie S3otf(f)oft, message 

gebicten (gebot, gebotcn), (bid) 
command 

ber ©ebicter, bie ©ebteterin 

gebtetertfd), imperious 

ba^ ©cbtct, jurisdiction, domain, 
territory 

bo^ ©cbot, commandment 

18. b i I b e n , frame, form, espe- 
cially character and mind, edu- 
cate 

bie $t(bung 

bilbfam, pliant; bie Sitbfamfeit 
ba^ ©cbilbc, formation 
"ba.^ 83ilb, form, likeness, picture, 
statue 

19. i^ bin(fctn, to ax, gc- 

tt) e f e n), (been) I am 

bo^ ^afein, existence 
"ba^ UnttJOfjIfein, indisposition 
ba^ SSSefen, being, essence, char- 
acter 
n)efcntU(^, essential 



I02 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



anrocfcnb, being near, present; ab- 

wefenb, absent; i»ic 31bn)cfcnl)cit, 

bie 3lnnjcfcnl)cit 
bcrlDcfcn, cease to be, decay; bic 

sycrraefung 
bcrhjefcn, (be for somebody else) 

represent 
ber SBerwefcr 

20. binbcn(banb, Qcbun - 

ben), bind 

btc 95tnbc, cravat 

sum 3lngcbinbc, as a souvenir 

bcr 83anb (iPdnbe), volume 

ba^ iSanb (5^dnbcr), ribbon 

bic Scrbtnbung, connection 

bcr SBunb, ba» SBiinbnii^, alliance, 

treaty 
bcr SBcrbiinbetc, ally 
bav 58iinbcl, bundle 
bdnbigcn, subdue, tame; bcr 2:icr= 

bdnbigcr 

21. bitten {bat, g e b c t c n) 

{bid) ask, request 

uncrbittlicf), inexorable 

bic SBittc, request 

bctcn, ask (in prayer), pray 

ba^ Oiebct, prayer 

bcttcin, beg (alms) ; bcr Settler, bic 

S3cttlcrin 
bcr 5BcttcI, trash 
bic SBcttcIei, mendicity 

22. b ^ S I 1 1 , {blade) denotes 
several objects: blade, edge, 
sheet, leaf; bie S8 latter 



bidttcrn, burdjbldttcrn, peruse 
cntbldttcrn, strip of leaves 

23. bltiben (blicb, gc = 

b I i c b c n), remain, stay 

unau^blciblid), inevitable 
ber iBcrbleib, whereabouts 
bo!^ iibcrbleibfel, remnant 

24. b i e 23 I u m c , {bloom) flower 
ta^ iSliimdjcn, ta^ SIiim(c)tcin 
bliil)cn, bloom; bie Sliite, bloom, 
blossom 

25. b § S3 I u t , blood 
blutig, bloody 
blutcn, bleed 
tierbluten, bleed to death 
Don fbniglief)cm ©cbliit 

26. braten(brtet,gebra' 

t c n) , ( broth, broil) roast, broil, fry 

bcr iBratcn, (brawn) roast meat 

bo^ ©ilbbret, aiMlb^jrct, (wild ani- 
mal, game) 

brobcln, (broth) broil, bubble 

bic SBriifjc, broth 

»crbrii{)en, scald 

braucn, brew; bcr 23rouer, bie 
Sraucret 

Hi !iSrdu, ©cbrdu, brew 

27. br andfcn , (brook) need 

gcbraucfjcn, use; tjcrbraudjen, con- 
sume 

ber Srouc^, custom; ber ®cbrau(^, 
use 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 103 

bxaaiibar, useful; bie Sraut^barfeit bic fficrbrennung, combustion 

gebrou(^Ii(^, customary brennbar, oerbrennbar, combusti- 
ble 

28. bret^cn (brad), gc= ber SBranb, conflagration 

b r (f) c n), break branbmarfcn, brand 

5crbred)en, smash; jcrbret^Hift, fra- bie 2^runft, fire, passion 

gile bic ^nbrunft, fervor, ardor; inbriin= 

Bcrbredien, violate a law ftig 

cinbrccfien, burglarize branbcn, move like flames 

unterbred)cn, interrupt bic JBranbung, surf 

tia0 i^crbrcdicn, crime; bcr S8cr= 

brccficr, Bcrbrcrf)crtfcft 31. bcr S r u b c r , brother 

bcr Cfinbrcdicr, burglar; bcr (Hn= {,rut,cr lid), fraternal; bie Sruberlit^^ 
brurf) te\t 

bie Untcrbrcd)ung, ununterbrodien ^^^ 23riiberfd)aft, fraternity 

ba^ ®ebrc(f)cn, ailment; gebrerfjUcf) ^-^^ ocrbrubcrn, fraternize 

bcr 5?rud), break, breach, fraction ^^^ iUrbrubcrung 

brii*ig, brittle g^^^ iBriibcr: ©ebriibcr Oiotftlife, 

ttjortbriidiig, treacherous; bie SSort= Rochlitz Bros. 
briid)igfeit 

bcr iProrfcn, morsel, crumb 32. bic S r u ft , breast 

brbrfeln, crumble c. ^, , . / , „• v 

ia^ SBracfilanb, field to be broken ^'^ 5Irmbru,t, (arcuballista) cross- 
after the crop .. °^ ... 

btc SBruitung, (breast support) 

29. b r e 1 1 , broad, wide parapet 

iiij o^rcttc '"'* ^'^"l'^<^"' be proud, boast 

auC'brcitcn, spread; ticrbrciten, scat- .... ^„ ,, ,, . . 

33. b I c 23 u r g , (borough) forh- 

, ., , , ., fied place, town, castle 

ticrbrcitern, broaden, widen 

bic 5(u«breitung, SSerbrcitung, fficr= bcr Siirgcr, citizen, commoner 

breitcrung bie S8itrgerfcf)oft, population 

biirgcrlicf), civil, civic 

30. b r c n n c n ( b r a n tt t e , bcr Surge {from borgen, borrow), 

gebrannt), burn bondsman 

bcr JBrcnncr, burner; bic Srenncrct, biirgen, vouch; bic 93urgftf)aft, bail 

distillery ticrbiirgcn, guarantee 



I04 A PR-\CTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIEXTrFIC 

34. bi c X a m m c r u n g , ((f/w) ba^ it atft,{ thatch, cover of a house) 
dusk, da'd-n roof 

bammern, dawn; bammcrig, dusky bcbadjcn, roof 

\)ai L bbatn, (up-roof) shelter 
35. b c r 3^ a m p f , {damp) obbadjloe (less), bic CbbadjloftgfcU 
ra^.r, 5/fam gg j, ^ „ j ^ „ (b a (ft t e , 

ber tampfcr, steamer g e b a d) t), think 

bampfen, steam; Dcrbampfen, evap- ^^^ jcnfcr, thinker; bo3 ^nbcnfen, 



^^^'■^ souvenir 



bumpf, close, musty, gloomy benfbar, crbenflicf), imaginable 

^ - ., L ber (^ebanfe, thought 

36. bcr ^ anf , f/«an^5 g,^„„f,„i,, ^ess), bie ©cbanfcn. 

bantbar, bic Xanfbarfett longfcit 

ber Unbanf, ingratitude bcbadjt, beba(^ttg, bebatfitfam, 

banfcn, thank thoughtful 

fi(^ bcbanfcn, return thanks, decline ^^^ igcbadjtfamfcit 

with thanks ^ua Unbebad)t, inadvertently 

tterbanfen, owe; abbanfcn, resign <f^^^ (sJcbdtfitni*, memory 

bie "Jlbbanfung bie Jlnbac^t, thoughtfulness (re- 
ligion), devotion, service; on= 

37. b u c r n , {en-dure) last bacfitig 

bie Xauer, duration ber 5i?erbacf)t, (evil thought) sus- 
baucrhaft, durable; bie Xaucrt)af= picion 

tigfeit Derbdt^tig, suspicious; uerbddjtigen, 
Compare: bcbauern, pity, regret suspect 

ba? 2*cbauern: bebauerlit^, deplora- tnxt SBorbebacfit, purposely, deliber- 

ble ately 

38. bie t e rf c , {deck, cover of 40. b t * t , tight, thick, compact 

a ship) cozer, blanket, ceiling 4,,^ Xicfitigfeit 

ber Xerfel, lid; bal ©ebetf, cover eerbidjten, condense; bie 8Scrbi(^ = 

(dinner) t"nS 

becfcn, cover; obberfen clear 41. b i tf , thick 

entbecfcn, discover; ber (vittbctfer, 

bie Cfntbcrfung bie tirfc, bie Xtcffieit 

t)ae ted, i^erbecf, deck oerbtrfcn, condense; btc il>erbtiung 



STUDY OF THE GERM.\N VOCABUL.\RY 
42. i3 i c n c n , 



IC: 



Dcrbiencn, i.^.rve, earn 
ber i*c5icntc, Der Xicner, servant 
tier iicnu, irrvi^e; i>crl)ientr, merit 
DcrDteni'rlid), meritorious 
Dicnlttti, ivrviceable, useful 
iiicnulidj, omcial 

43. b D e I t , doubU 
cerDoppcln, Die i»erDtitn?elung 



Brangcn, press, crowd, urge 
beDrdngeB, oppress, vex 
Dcr&rangcH, displace 
bic 2?cDrdngnir, predicament 
Die i^erbrdngung, displacement 
ta4 (^ebrdngc, crowd 

47. b r b c n , threaten 

bie Zrobung, threat 
bcbroblid), tlireatening 



44. b a 



i D r r 



'■.OTpe, Se'd- 



48. b r u cf e n , press 

auebrurfcn, express; bcbriirfcn, op- 
press 
ber Trurf, pressure 
ber Jlurbrurf, bie Scbrurfung 
ber C^nbrurf, impression 
brucfen, press, print 

45. ber T r a fi r , {thread) wire ber Irurfcr, bic trurferci 

brabtlDr Uessj 



ber iolpel, awkward fellow, dunce 
iff. \'illain) 

bte iolpcfet, tDlpcfhaft 
ubcriulocln, .-.;;":_:-. cheat 



brebcn, throw) turn, twist 

bie Jrebung, llmbrebung, revolut!- 

brecbfcln, turn, lathe 

ber trccfiirer 

46. brtngen 'brang, gc = 
b r u n g c ni , (tkrong) cro-z. 

."- " ■" '■.".'■if" 

bringenb, bringlicb, urgent 
aufbringli*, iubrtnglidj, obtrusive 
bie '?lufbrtngltct)fcit 
einbrinqlich, :~pressive 
ber (iinbringling, intruder 
ber Trang, pressure, impulse 
ber 'Jlnbrang, rush 
bie rrangi'af, pression 



49. b u I b e n , 



fjie 



bulbi'am, tolerant: bie !?ulbfainfctt 

ber Xulbcr, bit 3^HI^c^t^, sunerer 
bie (}iebulb, r.i:>-:e: gcbulbig 
fid) gcbulbcn, ': . ; atient 

50. b u n f e 1 , djrk 

bie Xunfelbcir, DciDunteltt 
CoTKpjr-:: ber Xiinfel ibcnfcn), con- 



ceit 



51. b ii n n , ih:': 

:in, dilute; bie i'cr* 



perbunncn, 

bunnung 
bebnen, thin out. stretch, extend, 

expand 
bcbnbar, extensible: &ic Jehnbarfcit 



Io6 A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

52. c b e n , even, plain, level etnmalic!, happening but once 

, . ~t ^ einfaltiq, (onefold) simple, silly 
bic (ybcnheit, evenness: bie 66cnc, »^ "|i""H/ \ / ^ ' . ■' 

""- ^ ' ' ' cinjig, existing but once, unique 

^ '^"^, , einft, once; cinftiq, some time to 

elicnen, level 

cticn, (in regard to time) just now . , ,, \ • , 

c.„;i«, ,L «c.u„, bin.) zi:;,tLu::'d:;iSinsc..KH«, 

53. bic ei)C, matrimony, particulars 

marriage «!"'9' ^"^-.t^^J. ^g^/^S ^ . . . 

eintgcn, btc O-tmgfeit; bic ^meint9= 

bcr g^cmontt (husband), bic ei)C= j^j^^ Trinity 

frou; ba^ mtpaat (pair), hus- j^.^ g'inlieit, unit; cin^eitlit^, uni- 
band and wife form 

cljclid), matrimonial j^j^. (finiii,^^ desert 

fid) tjcre{)cli(f)cn, marry j^^.^ 5i?crein, union, association, club 

cd)t, legitimate, genuine; bic ®d)t= j,jjeinc„^ tiercinigen, bic 8>ercinigung 

^ci^ bic sycrcinigtcn Staatcn 

bcrcinbar, (capable of combina- 
54. b i C e M c , honor ^.^^^ compatible 

cfjrctt, bccljrcn, honor ticrcinbarcn, agree; bic SScrcinbarung 

cl)rlid), honest; bic ei)rlid)fcit afinlid) (corruption of cinlid)), 
cl)rcnl)aft, honorable; bic @^rcn^of= similar, resembling 

tigfcit bic iljnlidjfcit, of)ncIn; onofjncin, 
clircrfiictig (bicten, bid, offer), assimilate 

respectful 

ciirgcijig (bcr ©eis, greed), am- 56. cite I, (idle) vain, useless 

bitious bic d-itclfcit, vanity 

bcr Gtirgcij tocrcitcln, frustrate; bic JSereitclung 

55. ctn, one 67. tt (t) It Q, {irk-some) distasteful 

cinfat^, simple i>cr (Jfcl, distaste, aversion 

bic (fiufad)I)cit; »)crcinforf|cn, sim- cfclbaft, loathsome 
plify oncfcln, disgust 

cinfam,(a)l-onesome; bic©infomfcit 

• f i • 1 4. J 58. c m iJ r , Jipivard, onward 

ucrcmfamt, isolated ««. v .» v v , f 

cinmot (bo^ Wai, mark, time), fi* cmpiircn, rise, rebel 

once i»et ©mpijrcr, bic gmporung 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



107 



tmport, aroused, indignant 
ber GmporfiJmmltng (fommcn), up- 
start 

59. ha§ @ n b c , end 

cnbcn, fiecnbcn; ticrcnbcn, die (ani- 
mals) 
cnbtgcn, ficcnbigcn, bic 23ccnbtflung 
tJoHenben, (full) complete; bic 

SSoHcnbung 
cnblic^, (in the end) at length 
uncnblid), immense; bic UnenbU(^= 

fcit 
cnblo^ (less), bic Gnblofigfcit 
bic @nbung, ending, inflection 

60. b C r @ r b c , {orphan) heir 

bic (ktbin, heiress; bic ©rbfdjaft, 

inheritance 
crfilid^, hereditary; bic ©rbli^feit, 

hereditary character 
crbcn, inherit; becrticn, inherit from 
cntcrbcn, disinherit; bic (?nter6ung 

61. b i c G r b c , earth 
irbcn, earthen; irbifd), earthly 
ficcibigcn, bury; bic S8ccrbigung 

62. c r I a u 6 c n , allow, permit 

bic (frlaubnii^ 

mtt SBerlaub, with (your kind) 

permission 
bcr Uriaub, furlough; bcurlaubcn 

63. cf f en (aft, gcg cf = 
f c n), eat 

cpor, edible 



ba§ 5la^ (bic Stfcr), carcass 
frcffcn (fraft, gcfreffen) , (fret) eat 

(referring to animals) 
bcr '^xa^, food, prey 
gcfraftig, gluttonous; bic (5icfraftig= 

fcit 

64. c h) i g , (aye, ever) perpetual 
bic ©hjigfeit; ticrcrtiigcn, perpetuate 

65. bcr 5fll>cn, (fathom) thread 

bcr ffiinbfobcn, twine 
cinfobcin, thread, contrive 
fobcnfd)cinig (f(f)cincn, shine, ap- 
pear), threadbare 

66. f a f) r c n , (fare, ferry, thor- 
oughfare) move, travel, ride 

bic i^abrt, fare, ride; bic tyS^rc, ferry 
fobtbar, bcfabrbar, practicable 
crfobren, (obtain by traveling) find 

out, hear, experience 
crfa^rcn, experienced; bic (5rfo^ = 

rung 
bag ©cfdbrt, vehicle 
bcr ©cfdJjrtc, fellow-traveler 
bic @cfaf)r, fear, danger 
gcfabrlicb, dangerous 
gcfabrbcn, endanger 
bic t^ubrc, cart load 
bcr Jubrmann, truckman 
fcrtig (fabrtig, fit to move), ready 
bic Jycttigfcit, dexterity 
anfcrtigcn, ticrfcrtigcn, produce 
bic Slnfcrtigung 

fiibrcn, (cause to move) guide, lead 
bcr Sit^rcr, bic i^iif)rung 



io8 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bic 5"rt, ford 

67. fallen (fid, gcf ol = 

I c n), fall 

ofifaCcn, desert 

anfaflcn, attack 

bcr 9ltifaU, ber ^Infatt 

tocrf alien, fall apart; bcr JBcrfatt 

ber 5aU, {Lat. cadcrc, fall, casus) 
fall, case 

bcr Setfafl, (falling in with) ap- 
proval; beifoUtg 

ber Sufall, accident; sufattig 

fallig, falling due; bte JoIIigfeit 

iinfaUig, (falling down) frail 

bic ^infdUigfctt 

bie S'flUC/ trap 

gefaMcn (gefici, gefaUen), {from the 
falling of the lot) please, suit 

bcr (yefaUen, favor 

gcfattig, obliging; bie (yefaUig^ 
feit 

68. f If d) , false 
bie t^affd)t)cit, falsehood 
fdtfdjen, forge 

bcr SSIfdjcr, bic 5dlfd)ung 
ticrfdlfi^cn, adulterate 

69. fatten, fold 

bie i^aUe, fold, wrinkle 
einfdltig, (one-fold) simple 
bic (iinfatt 

70. fang en (fing, gcfan = 

gen), ifafigs) catch, seize, capture 
anfangen, take up, begin 



bcr 9(nfang; onffingtid), onfangS, 

in the beginning 
cmpfangcn, receive 
ber G-mpfang 
bcr 3-ang, catch, haul 

71. b i c 5 fl r ^ c / color, paint 

ber barber, bic garbcrei 
fdrben, fartiig 

72. fan I, foul, rotten, lazy 

bie 5-autt)eit 

faulcnjcn, idle; bcr S-auIcnjcr 
faulcn, tocrfaulen, rot, putrefy 
bic Jftwlni'^f rottenness 

73. fed) ten (f o d) t, g e f o d) - 
ten), fight 

anfcd)tcn, contest; bie 9lnfed)tnng 
»erfed)ten, fight for. advocate 
bcr 5ed)tcr, fighter; bo^ (Hcfcdit, 
combat 

74. bic j5 e b c r , feather, 
pen, spring 

febern, shed feathers, be elastic 
ba^ OJefieber, plumage; gefiebcrt, 
feathered 

75. bcr 5' c t) t c r , failure, 
mistake, error 

unfet)Ibar, infallible; bic Unfet)Ibor= 

feit 
fcf)Ien, be absent, be missing 
tjcrfcljlcn, miss 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



109 



76. b t C 5' C i C r , (fair) cessation 
of work, rest, celebration 

bcr iJcicrtag, holiday 

feierlid), solemn; bic 5cicrUd)feit 

bie Scrien, [pliir.) vacation 

77. f C i 8 (c ), {fey) cowardly 
bcr S^cigling; bic 3'dfl^cit 

78. f c t n , fine, refined 

bic g^etn^cit 

ttcrfeinern, refine; bic SBcrfeincrung 

79. bcr 5 c i n b , {fiend) enemy 

bic O^cinbtn; bic J^'Ciniifcftif^ enmity 
fcinbfcf)aftlid), feinbfclig, hostile 
bie Jcinbfcligfeitcn, {plur.) 
anfcinbcn, arouse enmity 
ficf) ticrfcinbcn, fall out with 
a(ffinbcn, get clear of all claims 

80. b ^ & c t b , field 

bcr (^clb^crr, (master) general 
bo^ ©efilbc, plain, fields 

81. fern, (fer-n) far 

bic i^txnc, distance 

cntfcrncn, remove 

bic ©ntfcrnung, distance 

82. bic ^ c f f c I , fetter 

feffeln, fetter 

faffcn, anfaffcn, fetter, seize, touch 
tjorgcfa^t, previously conceived 
bic gflffunfl/ setting, composition, 
comprehension, wording 



foffung^Io^, disconcerted 
bic ^offwng^Iofigfcit 
fa^(id), comprehensible 
bic Stlifaffung, wording 
bic 3(uffoffung, conception 
bic SBcrfaffung, constitution 
bcr !S8crfaffcr, author 

83. f C ft , fast, solid 

fcftigctt, ficfcftigcn, strengthen, 

fortify 
bic gcftigfcit, bic Scfcftigung 
bic tJcftung, fortress 

84. f c u d) t , {fog) damp, moist 

anfcud)tcn, befeud)tcn, moisten 

bic S8cfcud)tung 

bic tJcudjtigfcit, humidity 

85. bo^ gewer, fire 
bic j^cucrung, fuel 
oufcucrn, incite 
abfcucrn, discharge a gun 

86. finbcn (fonb, gcfun = 
ben), find 

cmpfinbcn, (find within) feel, perceive 

cm^jfinblicf), sensitive 

bic Gmpfinblid)fcit 

crfinbcn, (find out) invent 

bcr G^rfinbcr, bic ©rfinbung 

crfinbcrifd), inventive 

bcr 5unb, find 

bcr i^inbling, foundling 

finbig shrewd; bic Jinbigfcit 

i>a§ S8cfinben, state of health 

bcfinblirf), present 



no 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



87. f i n ft c r , dark, obscure 

bic Jtnftcrni^, darkness, eclipse 
ticrfinftern, darken 

88. bev ^i^dt, fisk 
bcr 5-ifrf)cr, bic 5ifcf)crtn, fifteen 

89. f I a t^ , (fluke) flat, level 

bie S'ldcftc, level 

bie Cbcrflocf)c, surface 

oberflacf)lirf), superficial; bic Cbcr= 

flad)HcI)fcit 
bie tyiadfijc'xt, shallowness 
abflac^cn, level 

90. flct^ten (floc^t, flc = 
f I d^ t c n), twist, plait 

bic t^Iccf)tc, braid 

ba^ @cflcd)t, texture, wicker work 

91. bag {^ I e i f d) , flesh, meat 

fleif(f)ig, bcr ^Icifc^cr 
5crpeifcf)cn, lacerate 

92. b c r J5 r c t ji , (flite) diligence, 

industry 
fleiRig 

93. flic gen (flog, 
g cf log en), fly 

tJCrflicgcn, evaporate 

bcr i^Iug, flight 

bcr S'lugel/ wing, grand piano 

ta^ Q}ef(iigcl, poultry 

iibcrfliigcin, surpass 

fliiggc, able to fly, fledged 



94. flicMn (flo^, 
g c f I {) c n), flee 

bic 5Iud)t, flight 

bic 9lu£!Puct)t, excuse 

bic 3"fl"tf)t, refuge 

f(iid)tig, fugitive, flighty, superficial 

bie Jyliicfitigfcit 

bcr 5Iiicf)tting, fugitive 

fliic^ten, save by flight 

ticrfliic^tigen, evaporate 

95. f li CR c n (f I OR , g c = 

f I f f c n), float, flow 

tocrflic^cn, flow off, expire 

fliefjcnb, fluently 

bog 5It)R, raft; bcr tyliJRCr 

bcr t^IuR, river 

bcr tfinffu^, influence 

einfiu^reid), (rich) influential 

beeinfluffcn, influence 

fliiffig, fluid, liquid 

bic gliifftgfeit 

96. f I g c n, follow 

bcrfofgen, pursue, persecute 
ber syerfolger, bie Serfolgung 
folglicf), pfofgc, in consequence oi 
bag ©cfolge, retinue 
folgfam, obedient; bie 5-oIgfamfeit 
ber Cfrfolg, (the following, result) 

success 
crfolgreid), successful 
erfolglog, unsuccessful 
bie (frfolgloftgfcit, lack of success 
folgcrn, (cause to follow) infer 
bic ^offlerung, inference 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



III 



97. f r f df) c n , investigate, search 

bcr ^orfcfier, explorer; bic ^orfrfjung 
uncrforfd)Iid), inscrutable 

98. fort, Jorlh, forward 

forbcrn, call forth, demand, require 
bic Jorbcrung 
crforbcrli(ft, requisite 
fijrbern, further, advance, promote 
forbcrlicf), helpful; bic Jiirbcrung 
befbrbern, transport; bic 23cfi3rbc= 
rung 

99. f r a g e n , ask, interrogate 

bic (Jragc, question 
froglid) 

100. f r c i , free 

frciwiflig, (willing) voluntary 
bic (yrcif)eit, freedom, liberty 
bcfrcien, free, deliver 
bcr Scfreicr, bic SBcfrciung 

101. bcr 5'rcunb, friend 

bic ^rcunbin; bic Jyrcunbfcftaft 

frcunblicf), bic ^-rcunblicfjfcit 

fid) anfrcunbcn, bcfrcunbcn mit, 

make friends with 
fl(^ frcucn, (feel friendly) enjoy 
oneself, be glad 

102. fricrcn (fror, 
gcfrorcn), freeze 

gcfriercn, congeal 
bcr Jyroft, froftig 
frijftcln, feel a slight chill 



103. f r i f d) , fresh 
erfrifd)cn, refresh; bic Grfrifdjuitg 

104. f r m m , pious 

bic 5rommf)cit 

bcr Jyrommlcr, hypocrite; bic 
tyrbmmclci 

105. bic 3^ r u ^ t , fruit 

frud)tbar, (bearing) fertile 

bic Srudjtbarfcit 

frud)tIo^ (less), bic (yn«rf)tlofigfcit 

frud)ten, bear fruit, be productive 

bcfrud)tcn, fertilize; bic Scfruc^tung 

106. f ii t) I c n , feel 

bcfix()Icn, touch 

fiiJllbnr, sensible 

fcinful)lcnb, fcinfii()lig, delicate 

tia^ Qkfiiljl, feeling 

gefiil)l»oU, expressive 

gcfii()Uo^, inexpressive 

bic ©efiiljUofigfeit, insensibility 

107. f u n c n , ^// 

crfuflen, fulfil 

crfiiflbar, realizable; bic Grfiiflung 
bic SiiUung, fya^ 5-iitlfeI, filling 
bic tyiiUfeber, fountain pen 

108. bic ^Ul ^t , fright, fear 

furcfttbor, dreadful 
fur^tfo^ (less) 
furcf)tfam, timid 

bic Jvurcf)tbarf cit, — loftgf cit, — f om= 
fcit 



112 



A PRACTICAL GUmE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



furdjtcrHdj, terrible, frightful 
fijrd)tcn, fear; bcfiirrfjtcn, appre- 
hend 
bic SBefiirdjtung 

109. bcr tfurft, (first) 
leader, sovereign 

bie IJurftin; ba^ (^iirftentum, prin- 
cipality 
ber Surfiirft, elector 
fiirftH(^, princely 
bte 5urftlid)fcitcn, (plur.) royalty 

110. i>a§ gutter , 

(fodder) food 

fiittcrn, feed 
bic (Juttcrung 

111. fl fl n 5 , entire, whole 

flonjlit^, entirely 

ergfinjen, (make entire) supply 

bte @rgdn5ung 

112. bcr ® a ft , guest 

gaftfreunbtidj, hospitable 

bic (yaftfrcunbfcftaft, hospitality 

goftUcf), hospitable; bic @oftIi(f)fcit 

113. bcr ©Ottc, (gather) com- 
panion, husband 

bic ©attin, wife 

bic ©ottung, companionship, species 

114. ba§ @ a 1 1 c r , lattice 

ba^ ©ittcr, trellis, lattice 
ttcrgittcrn, grate up, lattice 



115. bcr ©ouflcr, juggler 
bic OJoufcIci, Dorgaufcln 

116. has ©cbolircn, 

(bearing) gesture 

bic GJctiarbc, (^cljcrbc, gesture 
fid) gcberbcn, gcbcirbcn, behave 
ungcbcrbig, refractory, unruly 
bic Ungebcrbigfcit 

117. gcfiorcn (gc6or, gc» 

6 r c n), (bear) give birth 

angcborcn, innate 

bcr (iingetiorenc, native 

bic ©cburt, birth; gcbiirtig, a 

native of 
cbcnbiirtig, of equal birth 
bic ©benburtigfcit 

118. gcbcn (go6, ge = 
g e b c n), give 

crgicbig, (giving out) productive 

frci(free)gebig, liberal, lavish 

bic (?rgict»igfeit, bic Jrcigcbigfcit 

ba^ ©rgclmi^, result 

bic ©abc, gift; begatit, gifted 

bic ajJitgift, dowry 

bcrgcbcn^, (given away) in vain 

119. bic GJcbiiljr, (bear, 
burden) dues, fee 

c§ gcbubrt mir, it is due me 
gcbiifjrlid), duly; suitable, decent 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



"3 



120. gcbctM« (gci»te:^, 
g e b t c t) e n), be strong, become 
strong, prosper 

gcbctl)Uc^, prosperous 
gebicgen, sound, substantial 
bie @cbiegcnt)eit 

121. g c g c n , against 

ficgcgnen, encounter; bte SBcgegnung 

entgcgncn, reply; bic ©ntgcgnung 

cntgcgcn, opposite 

ber ©cgncr, opponent 

gegenttidrtig, opposite, present 

bte ©egcnrtjart, present time 

gegcnfcttig, from opposite sides, 
mutual 

bic ©cgenfeitigfcit, reciprocity 

gcgcniificr, opposite 

tncin ©egcniibcr, the person oppo- 
site me 

bic ©cgcnb, land 

bic Umgcgenb, surrounding coun- 
try 

122. gcficn (gtng, 
gcgangcn), go 

ba§ 9?crget)cn, (going wrong) mis- 
demeanor 

bo^ 9Sorgct)cn, procedure, action 

bcr ©ang, (gang plank) gait, pas- 
sage 

bcr 3(bgang, departure; 3(u^ — , 
exit; Xmd) — , thoroughfare; 
(?in — •, entrance; ^cr — , prog- 
ress; Ubcr — , transition, cross- 
ing; Um — , intercourse; llntcr — , 



setting, downfall; S8or — , occur- 
rence; 3u — ; access, approach 

umgdnglid), sociable; bic Umgong= 
Itdifcit 

unumgcinglid^, inevitable 

tier gang lid), transitory, perishable; 
bic !S8crgdngUd)fctt 

bic S8crgangcni)cit, past, antece- 
dents 

5uganglirf), accessible; bic 3iiflSng= 
lic^fcit 

bcr (^u^gfingcr, pedestrian 

gangclu, lead by a string 

123. bcr @ c i ft , ghost, spirit, 
mind, intellect 

gciftig, intellectual 

gciftlicf), spiritual 

gciftcrl)aft, ghostly 

bcr ®ciftUd)C, clergyman; bic ©cift- 

Itc^fctt 
begciftcrn, inspire; bic Scgciftcrung 
Jjcrgciftigcn, spiritualize; bic SBcr= 

gciftigung 

124. has GJcIb, {yield, pay, 
value) money 

gcttcn (gait, gcgoltcn), yield, be 
worth 

cntgcltcn, compensate 

uncntgcItUd), free of charge 

tocrgcltcn, repay 

giltig, gultig, valid 

gleidjgiltig, (of like value) indif- 
ferent 

bic ©iltigfcit, @tcicf)giltigfcit 



114 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



125. bcr @cmal)l, husband 

bic CycmoftHn, wife 
ticrmal)Icn, give in marriage 
bic !i>crmol)Iung 

126. g c m c in , (Lat. communis) 

common, vulgar, general 

bic (ycmcin(b)e, community, con- 
gregation 
bic ©cmein{)cit, vileness 
bic GJcmcinfd)oft, intercourse 
gcmcinfdjaftUd), in company 
kjcrallgcmcinern, generalize 
bic S>crolIgcmcincrung 

127. gcnau (no{)C, near, 
close), accurate 

bie ©cnouigfcit 

128. gcncfcn (gcno5, gc = 

n e f c n), recover from illness 

bie ©cncfung 

129. g c n « g , enough 
gcniigcn, be enough, suffice 
gcniigfam, frugal; bic ©cniigfamfcit 
fid) bcgniigen, be contented with 
btti^ JScrgniigcn, contentment, 

pleasure 
bcrgniigt, pleased, happy 
gcnugtun (do), satisfy; bie (ycnug= 

tuung 

130. gcfdjcljcit (gefrf)oJ), 
g c f d) c I) c n), occur, happen 

bic (ycfd)id)tc, occurrences, story, 
history 



gcfd)id)tlid), historical 

bai^ (ycfd)irf, t>a4 Sd)idfal, occur- 
rences, fate 

fd)irflid), (apt to occur) suitable, 
convenient 

bie Sd)irflid)fcit 

131. gcfunb, (sound) healthy 

gcfunbcn, recover; bic @cfunbl)cit 
gcfunb^citlid), hygienic 

132. bic ®ier, Oiierbc 

(yearn) greed, desire 

bic SBegicr, !iPcgicrbc, greed 

gicrig, bcgicrig, greedy 

bic 9Jcu(news)gicr(be), curiosity 

ncugicrig 

6cgc()rcn, yearn, desire; haS 5Bcgcf)r 

bcgcl)rlid), covetous; bie SBcgc{)r= 

lid)feit 
gcrn, (yearn) greedily, eagerly 
bcr @cicr, (greedy bird) vulture 

133. gieften (gofi, gegof = 
fen), ( gush) pour, cast 

bcr ©ic^cr, foundry man; bic @ic= 

ftcret 
bcr ®u^, casting, gust 
bic ©offc, gutter, sewer 

134. bcr (y I n 5 , splendor, 

polish, luster 

glfinscn, shine, glitter 
glanjcnb, resplendent, brilliant 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



115 



135. glaubcn (g = Iou6cn, 

he-Ueve) , believe 

bcr Q}Iautic(n), belief 

bcr 5lbcrglaubc, superstition 

abcrglaubtfcf) 

glfiubig, believing, faithful 

bcr ©laubige, believer 

bcr ©ioubigcr, creditor 

Ocglaubtgcn, certify 

bic iBcglaubigung 

glaubbaft, authentic; bic @Iaub= 

I)aftigfcit 
gcJobcn, (make credible) vow 
Ita^ (VJelobni^, ba'5 (ydiibbc, vow 
tjcrlobcn, betroth 
'tsdv iycrlbbni^, bic 3>crIobung 
ba^ gclobtc ijanb, Land of Promise 

136. g I ci d) (g = leirf)) 

like, equal 

g(cicf), (in regard to time) at once 

bic OJIeidjbcit, equality 

bas! ©Icicfini^, simile, allegory 

bic 0}leid)ung, equation 

glcicf)fam, as it were 

gleitf)tt)0b(, nevertheless 

ttcrglcidjcn (ticrglid), t)crglicf)cn), 

compare 
bcr iycrglcid), unttcrglcidilicf) 

137. bo^ ©licb (® = ncb) 

lid, member, link 

5erg(icbcrn, dismember 
bic 3cr9'ieberung 
tia^ SDJitglicb, member 



138. \sa^ Olitcf (® = Iiicf) 

luck, happiness 

g(iidtid), lucky, happy 

gliicfcn, turn out luckily 

bcgliidcn, make happy 

'bai Ungliitf, misfortune, accident 

acruugliicfcn, meet with an acci- 
dent 

bcr ©liirfttJunfcf) (wish), congratu- 
lation ' 

bcgliirfwiinft^cn 

139. g I ii ^ c n , glow 

bo^ ®luf)(icf)t, incandescent light 
bic (yiut, glow, heat 

140. b a ^ G) I b , gold 

golbcn, giilbcn 

bcr ©ulbcn, ducat 

ticrgolbcn, gild; bic S^ergolbung 

141. bcr © 1 1 , God 

bic ©ottin, goddess; bic (yottdcit. 
Deity 

bcr 3tbgott, idol; ^alb — , demi- 
god 

gottlo^, impious; bic ©ottfofigfcit 

gijtt(irf), divine; bic OJbttli(i)feit 

abgbttifd), idolatrous 

bic 5(bgiJttcrci, idolatry 

bic 2.?icl(many)gijttcrei, polythe- 
ism 

uergijttcrn, idolize; bic ScrgBttcrung 

bcr (ybt?(c), idol 

bcr OJottfcibciun^, (God be with 
us) Old Nick 



ii6 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



142. g r a I) c n (gruB, gegro = 

ben), (grave) dig, delve 

au^graben, excavate; bic 3tug= 

grabung 
bcgrabcn, bury; ba^ Scgrobni^ 
hex ©robcn, ditch 
bo'^ @rab, grave 

bcr 2 otcn( dead) gr fiber, gravedigger 
bic ©ruft, tomb, sepulcher 
bic ©rube, pit * 

bo^ ©riibdjcn, (slight impression) 

dimple 
griibcin, delve, rack one's brain 
bcr ©rubier, bie ©riibclet 

143. bcr &tam, (grim) 
grief, sorrow 

gramlicf), sullen; bic (yramlit^feit 

ftrf) griimen, grieve 

ttergramt, sorrowful 

bcr ©rimm, grim, rage, wrath 

ber Jngrimm, anger 

grimmig, ingrimmig 

crgrimmcn, be enraged 

144. greifen (griff, ge = 
g r i f f e n), (gripe) grasp, seize, 
catch 

grcifbar, seizable, palpable 
banbgreiflirf), evident 
ber ©riff, grip, hold, handle 
ongreifcn, attack; ber 5(ngriff 
begrcifen, conceive; bcr Segriff 
obgegriffen, worn out 
crgriffcn, thrilled 
ongegriffen, exhausted 



bie ©rgrcifung, seizure, arrest 

145. g r b , rough, coarse, rude 
bie ©robbcit; ber OSrobian, boor 

146. g r R , great, big, large, 

tall, grand 

bcr ©ropater, bic ©roRmutter 

bie ©ropftabt, metropolis 

ber ©roHftfibter, grofiftfibtifd) 

bie ©roRmut (mood), generosity 

gro^miitig 

ber ©ernegro^ (yearn), would-be- 
great 

bic OJriiftc, greatness, size 

ticrgrof?crn, magnify; bic 8>ergriJRe= 
rung 

ha^ a>ergriJRerung^gIai^ 

147. ber ©runb, ground, 

soil, foundation 

ber 9(bgrunb (off, without), abyss 
ber ©runbfofe (fcfecn), foundation, 

principle 
grunbffiftlict), on general principles 
grunbcn, bcgriinbcn, ground, found 
bcr ©riinbcr, bie Oiriinbung 
bcgriinbcn, substantiate; bie S8c* 

griinbung 
griinblicf), thorough; bie ©riinbli(^- 

feit 
unergriinblirf), impenetrable 
grunblo^, bic ©runblofigfcit 

148. g r u ft c n , greet, sahite 
begriiftcn, welcome; bie SBcgriiftung 
ber ©ruH, greeting 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



117 



149. btc ©unft, (kindness) 

fa I'or 

bic SJli^gunft, envy, grudge 

bie Ungunft, disfavor 

gunftig, mi^igunfttg, ungiinftig 

begiinftigcn, favor 

bie SPegiinftigung, discrimination 

bcr (yiinftling, favorite 

gijnnen, be kindly disposed, favor 

bcr (55iJnncr, patron, protector 

150. gut ( b e f f c r , am 
6 c ft c n) , good 

ni(f)t^ fijr ungut, do not feel of- 
fended 

ha§ (iJut, bie GJiitcr, goods, estate, 
farm, merchandise 

bcr ©iiterjug, freight train 

begiitcrt, well to do 

giitig, good, kind 

begiitigen, (make good) appease 

fid) giitlic^ tun (do), be good to 
oneself, pamper oneself 

bergiiteit, (make good) refund 

bie 3.?crgutung, refunding 

bic ©ute, goodness, kindness 

gutmutig (mood), good-natured 

bejfern, better, improve 

auiSbcffcrn, repair 

Dcrbeffcrn, correct 

bic Seffcrung, better health 

bie ?(u5befferung, 8?crbcfferung 

unttcrbeffcrlicb, incorrigible 

bij^cn, (do better) pay for, atone 

bic SPuftc, penitence 

bcr SPiiRcr, bic ©iiperin, penitent 



btc 53crbiiRung, serving a term in 
prison 

151. bag ^ ar, hair 
^oorig, bel)aart, hairy 

152. f)aben (i^attt, 
g c ^ b t) , ha ve 

bic -gtobe, Jpabfcligfeiten, (phir) 

belongings 
bic .g>anb{)abc, handle; banbbabcn 
ttioblbabcnb, wealthy; bic Si^ol)^ 

t)abent)cit 
bie .&abfu(f)t (fictft, sick, mania), 

covetousness; f)abfii(^tig 
oortiaben, (have before one's 

mind) intend 
bag 8.?orbaben, intention, plan 

153. bcr ^abcr, quarrel, 
dispute 
l^abcrn 

154. bic ^aft, (Lat. capio, 
captivity) custody, imprisonment 

anftaftcn, (be caught) stick to 
bcrbaftcn, arrest; bie S?erbaftung 
baftbar, responsible, liable 
bic i>aftung, bic ^aftbarfeit 
l^eftcn, (cause to stick) fasten to- 
gether, stitch 
einbcftcn, fasten together, file 
bag ^cft, (stitched) book, file 
bog ^cft cincg 3c^tt)crteg, haft, 

hilt of a sword 
bag ^cftpflaftcr, court plaster 



ii8 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



155. bcr ^og, i>ic 
Jp c cf e , haw, hedge 

6cl)a(inrf), (hedged in) peaceful, 
comfortable; bic S8cl)agltcf)fcit 

bcr i^"'"/ •^'flflcn, grove 

bo» Cyeljcge, enclosure 

{)cgcn, (keep enclosed) foster, 
cherish 

ctnl)cgcn, umf)cgcn 

156. I) a g c r , haggard, lean 
bic Jpagcrfcit 

157. bcr ^o^n, (hen) rooster, 
faucet, trigger 

bic .spcnnc, hen; ia§ ^u()n, chicken 
hav ^piUjnctaUQC (eye), corn on the 
foot 

158. bcr ^afcn, hook 

I)afen 

I)afelig, (hooky) ticklish, critical 

I)dfcln, work in crochet 

bic .!pafclct, crochet work 

159. l)aih, half 

bic .?>o{DinfcI, peninsula; btc — = 
fugcl, hemisphere; bcr — monb, 
crescent 

bic Jpfilftc, half 

I)alt)tcrcn, bisect; bic ^albicrung 

160. () a n c n , sound, resound 

bcr ."paH, sound 

bcr 2Btcbcr( again) ()atl, echo 

cintjcllig, (one sound) unanimous 



bic (?inl)cUtgfcit 

IjcII, clear, bright, light, shrill 

bic ApcIIc, ."pcUigfcit 

bcr .^cllfel)cr, clairvoyant 

crl)cUcn, become light, evident 

161. flatten (Melt, 
g c () a 1 1 c n) , hold 

bcr ^alt, hold, support 

bcr 9lnf)oIt, (something to hold on 

to) basis 
bcr ^au^l)oIt; bic .«pau^f)altcrin, 

housekeeper 
f)au^f)a(tcriftf), economical 
f)altbor, durable; bic A^oltbarfcit 
fid) cntl)altcn (off), abstain 
cnt()altfani, bic (fntI)oltfamfcit 
cntl)attcn, (hold inside) contain 
bcr 5ni)fllt, contents 
auf{)aUcn, hold up, detain 
unauff)altfam, uncheckable 
■fid) aufOaltcn, (detain oneself) stay 
bcr 5lufcntl)a(t, detention, sojourn 
untcrl)altcn, entertain, converse 
bic llntcrt)altung 
bcr a!> alter, holder; bcr S8cf)o(tcr, 

tank 
"ba^ SScrl)aItcn, action, conduct 
ta^i^ SI?crl)altnt^, ratio, proportion 
bic Ajaltung, attitude 

162. bic ^ a n b , hand 

()nnblid), handy, bic .<panblid)fcit 
aucil)anbigcn, cinl)anbigcn, hand 
l)anbl)al)cn, handle; bic .*panbliabung 
bctictibc, handy, quick; bic SScl)C«= 
bigfcit 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 119 

165. t) at t , hard 



bcr ^anbcl, (handling of merchan- 
dise) trade, commerce 

bcr ^onbtcr, dealer 

bic Ajanblung, store, action, act 

l)anbeln, deal, trade; ab — , bar- 
gain; be — , treat; Oer — , negoti- 
ate 

bte !8ef)anblung, !i8cr()anblung 

163. l^angen (^ing, gcfjati: 
gen), hang, be suspended 

abtiangcn, depend 

a()f)angig, dependent; bie 9lbl)an= 
gigfcit 

bcr ^ong, propensity, inclination 

bcr 9tbI)ong, slope 

bcr 9(n()ong, followers, appendix 
(book) 

bcv 9lnl)angcr, adherent 

onfjdnglid), attached to; bie 9ln= 
l)dngIid)fcU 

bcr syorI)ang, curtain; 3ufflin= 
men — , connection 

bcr ^cnfcl, handle 

ha§ Oictjiingc, festoon, garland 

Jjiingcn, hang, suspend 

l)C{)angcn, cover with; bcr — , cover 
by a curtain 

t>a§ Scr{)angni^, fate, destiny 

bcrf)ongnis!BoU, fateful 

Ijcnfcn, hang; bcr ^cnfcr, hang- 
man 

164. bcr Jg> a r m , harm, 
grief, sorrow 

f\armlo§, bic ^arntlofigfcit 
fid) abljarmcn, grieve, pine 



IjortHOtfig (neck), stubborn 

bic .ipartnorfigfeit 

bic ^arte, hardness, cruelty 

ab()drtcn, harden; cr — , confirm; 

tier — , obdurate 
bic 9(b()artung, Qt — , SSer — 

166. ^ a f c^ e n, snatch, seize 
erl^afd^cn; bcr ^afdjcr, bailiff 

167. b e r ^ ft , hate, hatred 

l^affcn, hate 

l^fiftlirf), hateful, homely; bic ^oft= 

Iid)fcit 
»crf)aftt, hated, odious 
gcf)offig, malicious; bie (ycl)afn9= 

feit 

168. bcr ^ aniii , breath 

I)au(f)cn 

fcud)cn, cough, pant 

bcr Slcudjijuftcn, whooping-cough 

169. bcr ^ a u f c , heap, pile 
^aufen, heap, pile 

Ijaufig, frequent; bie ^fiufigfcit 

170. bog .•pamjt (aouptcr) 

(Lat. caput) head 

bcr ^auptmann, captain 

bcr ^duptlian, chieftain 

entl)0upten, behead; bie ©nt^ou:p= 
tung 

bic S8cl)auptung, statement, asser- 
tion 



I20 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIEXTiriC 



bchauptcn, state, assert 
ijbcrhaupt, in general 

171. t) a ^ ^ u ^ , house 
Ijau^Iicf), domestic; bic i^duelidifcit, 

home life 
Ijaufcn, reside; bic iPctiaufung, 

lodging 
ta^ Qjetjdufe, casing, case 

172. t) i c .o a u t , hide, skin 
bic hautigc iBrdunc, croup 
^Sutcn, strip off the skin 

173. f)cbcn (f)ob, gcM^cn) 

(heave) lift, raise 

auf^ebcn, pick up, put in a safe 
place, lift, suspend 

crtjcblitft, (fit to be raised) impor- 
tant, weighty 

crt)aben, elevated, sublime; bic 
(rrljabenlicit 

bcr Urhcbcr, (original raiser) 
author 

bcr Jpcbcl, lever 

bcr ^ub, lift, stroke (piston) 

174. b a « ^ c cr , (harry, 
plunder) army, host 
bcrbccrcn, devastate; bic 2>cr= 
bccrung 

175. bcr .!p c i b c , heathen, pagan 
bic ."ocibin; bo» Jpcibcntum, pagan- 
ism 
l^cibnifc^ 



bie ^cibc, t)a<^ Jpctbclanb, heath, 

forest 
bic Jpcibclbccrc, bilberry 

176. 1) c i 1 c n , (heal) cure, 
save (the soul) 

bic .Octlung, cure 

bcilbar, curable; bic ^cilbarfcit 

Vilfdtn/ wholesome 

ba^ ■'pcil, welfare, salvation 

ficillor (less), mischievous, wicked 

bcr -dcilonb, Saviour 

t>a^ Unbcil, harm, mischief 

177. b c i n g , holy, saint 

bcr, bic A?ciligc, saint 

t>av *>ciltgtum, sanctuary 

bic Jpciltgfcit, sanctity 

?(llcrbciltgcn, .\11 Saints' Day 

bcr bciligc 5lbcnb, Christmas Eve 

bctligcn, sanctify 

entbciltgcn, desecrate; bic (yntficili^ 
gung 

fd)cin( shine, appear) {)cilig, sancti- 
monious 

bic 2cbcinbciUgfcit 

178. t> a •: Jp c i m , home 

cinbcimfcn, bring into the home, 

garner 
anbcimein, remind of home 
bcimifcb, homelike 
unbcimlid), uncanny 
t)CtmItd), relating to the home, 

private, secret 
bic ^cimlidifcit 



STUDY or THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



121 



Dcrf)cimli(f)en, conceal; bie SScr- 

bctmltdjung 
gcL)eim, jjrivate, secret 
bas ©efjcimnis, secret, mysterj' 
gctieimnisDoIl, mysterious 
bic ."octmat, home, native countrj- 
i)ciaiatlid), homelike 
^cimatelo^, homeless; bie ^cimai5= 

lougfeit 

179. £) e i f e r , hoarse 
bie ^eiferfeit 

180. M t K , hot 

tici^cn, heat: ber .'peiier, fireman 
bie iampfticijung, steam heat 
bic ^ibe, heat 
tiiBtg, hot-headed 
crtiiBen, heat 

181. fi e I f e n (half, 
g e t) I f e ni , hdp 

ber .'cclfcr, bic ^ilfe 
ber rs3et)tlfe, assistant 
ber 9]otlneed)bct)cIf, shift 
{)iIflD5 (less), bic .rilflongfcit 
bchilflitf), helpful 

unbchDlfcn, awkward; bie Unbe= 
holfcntjcit 

182. ber ^txbft, {harvest) 

autumn, fall 
ficrbftlid) 

183. bie ^ e r b c , lard, flock 
tcr .!oirt, herdsman 



184. t a i ^ e r 5 , heart 

bcr'jtiaft, courageous 

tjcr-jlo^ lless), bie ^erjlDugfeit 

Ijeryg, loveh-, charming 

beljerjt, bold-hearted 

ber^cn, hug 

beberygcn, take to heart 

185. bcBen (baffen, haie), 
stir hatred 

aufbetjcn, instigate 

bie .iceBc, ber ^cfecr, bie ^cficrei 

bie ^eBJagb, race hunting 

186. 6 e u (6 c I It , dissemble 

ber .^^eudlIcr, hypocrite: bic .f<eutfi= 
Icrin, bie joeudjelci, t)eucf)ierif(^ 

187. bie «> e J e , {hag, 
old 'ii'oman), uilch 

bie ^c^erci, witchcraft 

ber .!De;renmcii'ter (master), wizard 

^ejcn, behe^en 

188. ti i n D e r n , hinder, prevent 

'hae .'Cinbcrni?, obstacle 
tjin&crlid), cumbersome 

189. b (fi , high 

bic .'cobcit, highr.ess 

bie .'oiJbc, Slnbobc, height 

erbobcn, raise: bie ^bobung 

fiober (higher). bBcbft (highest) 

bocfiHcfift, exceedingly 

ber ^iigel, hill: biigclig 



122 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



190. M f f c n , liope 
unBcrljofft, unhoped for 
IlofTcntUcf), it is to be hoped 
bie .s>offuung, hope 
l)offnunfl5lo5 (less), bic Jpoffnung^^^ 
lofigfcit 

191. I)oM, ^lollow 
bic ^o{){t, hollow, cave 
au^l)bt)(cn, hollow out 
l)cl)(cn, t)erl)c01en, (put in a cave) 

conceal 
unticrf)o()lcn 

bcrA?cl)(er, concealer of stolen goods 
bic .ipc()Icrci 

bic A^iillc, wrap, cover, veil 
bic Apiilfc, hull, husk 
I)itUcn, wrap, cover, veil 
in ^iiUc unb {^ullc, enough and 

to spare 

192. I)ij()nifd), {heinous), 
scornful, sneering 

tocrl)b()ncn, sneer at 

bcr A?ot)n, sneer, mockery 

193. {) I c n , {haul) get, fetch 

ahi)okn, call for 
abl)olcn laffcn, send for 
ttiicbcr( again) {)olcn, repeat 
crI)oIcn, recover from illness 
bic (frI)olung, SSicbcrlioIung 

194. I) b r c n , hear 

cr^orcn, hear, grant; bic Gr()brung 
uncrl)ijrt 



toon .^ijrcnfogcn (say) 
i>a§ Qkljijr, hearing; f)orOar, au- 
dible 
()Orcf)cn, harken, listen 
bcr A?orcf)cr 
gcI)orfam, obedient; bcr (yc()or[om 

195. bic A? f c , {hose, 
hosiery) trousers 

bic ^ofcntriigcr (tragcn, carry; 

plur.), suspenders 
bic SSoffcr^ofc, waterspout 

196. bcr ^ f , yard, court 

bcr .<pDfmann, courtier 

bcr S8af)nl)of, station building 

l^oficrcn, court 

l)bfifd), courtly 

I)iibfcl), pretty, comely 

Ijbpicf), courteous, polite 

bic ^bflidjfcit 

ba^ (ycl)bft, farm 

197. bcr ^ u n b , {hound) dog 

bic ^ixnbin, ()iinbifd) 
t)crt)un5cn, spoil, run down 

198. bcr Ajungcr, hunger 

bic ^ungcr^not (need), famine 

{)ungcrn, be hungry 

au^l)ungcrn, subdue by hunger 

Dcr()ungcrn, starve to death 

f)ungrig 

bcr A5cij?( hot) hunger, greediness 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



123 



199. b c r ^ u t , hat 

ber ^utntttdjcr, hatter 

^iitcn, heed 

licljiiten, protect 

ljert)uten, prevent 

bcr Ajitter, keeper; bic SBcr^iitung 

bcl)utfoin, cautious; bie JBe^utfam- 

feit 
bic 9Jad)()ut, rear guard 
bic Ctil)ut (over), protection, 

charge 

200. in, in 

bo^ Sninnb, interior; bet S^foffc 
(fiijcn), inmate 

inncttjcrbcn, get inside of, become 
aware of 

innen, within 

brinncn (barinncn), brin, in there 

binncn (1) inncn), within 

'iio.^ 83inncngctt)affcr, inland water 

inner, inside, internal 

inncrlirf), cordial; bie ^nnerlicfjfeit 

innig, cordial; bic ^nnigfcit 

erinncrn, (get from within) re- 
mind 

ftd) erinncrn, remember 

crinncrlid), rememberable; bic (5r= 
inncrung 

201. i r t e n , err 

fic^ beirren loffcn, allow oneself to 

be duped 
ftd) Derirrcn, go astray 
unbcirrt, without erring 
irrig, erroneous 



ber Stc, madman 
bcr Srrgortcn, labyrinth 
bcr Srrfinn (sense), insanity 
ber Srrtum (Srrtiimcr), error, mis- 
take 
bic 3lbirrung, aberration 
bic SKerirrung, perversion 
irrtiimlid), erroneous 

202. j a , yes 

jatOOl^t, well yes, certainly 
bo^ ^OttJort, acceptance of a pro- 
posal 
bejo{)cn, affirm; bic Scjoljung 

203. i a g c n , hunt, chase 

ber SSgcr, hunter 
bie Sttgb, hunt, chase 

204. b a ^ 3 1^ J" / y^(^f 

bo^ Sttl)r5e{)nt (ten), decade 

'{>a§ 3fli)rl)unbcrt, century 

bo^ 5riif)( early) jaf)r, spring; 

9Jeu — ; i£d)oIt (slide) — , leap 

year 
ial)rlid), yearly, annual 
gro^jfiOrig, of age 
minbcr( minus) joljrig, under age 
beittfirt, elderly 
tjcrjafircn, become outlawed; bic 

SSerjdl)rung 
Sa^r unb 2^ag, a long time 

205. i u d) 5 c n , shout, exult 
bcr Sflucfiscr 



124 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



206. b a •? 3 <^ , yoke 

untcrjodjcn, subdue; iJtc llntcr- 
iodiung 

207. D e r "s " t" c , Jc.v 
bic 3ut)in, iiibife^, ba^ ^uDcntum 

208. i u n g , young 

Bcrjiingcn, renovate 

Itic iNcrjiingung 

jiingft, recently 

bcr jiingi'te lag, Doomsday 

ber Jiingcr, disciple; bcr Jiingling, 

youth 
bic Jungfrau, Jungfcr, maid 
jungfrdulid), maidenlike 
bcr JunggcfcU, bachelor 
bcr Junfcr ijungc Jpcrr), squire 
bic Jugcnb, youth 
ba^ 3ugenbaltcr, bic JugenbjCtt, 

youth 
bcr Jugenbfttl, modern style 
jugenlilici), youthful 

209. ta\\i,{caUou) bald 

bic <Rah(hcit, bcr .Qafiffopf (head) 
folilfopng, Die HaiUfbpfigfcit 

210. bcr iTi a t) n , boat 
bic fiabnfafjrt (ride), fatincn 

211. bcr 5t alf , (chalk) lime 

berfalfcn, get calcined; bic 5Ker= 
falfung 



212. fait, cold 

bic fifiltc, cold 

fid) crfiiltcn, catch a cold; bic 
(irfdltuiig 

213. bic fiammcr, chamber 

bcr Mdmmcrcr, chamberlain 
bic Sidmmcrci, treasury board 

214. bcr Jiampf, (Lat. cam- 
pus, field, battle-field) combat, 
fight, conflict 

bcr ^njcifampf, duel 

bcr iidmpfcr, fighter (champion) 

fdmpfcn 

215. \6\ fann (fijnncn, 
fonntc, gcfonnt), / can, 
understand, know, am able 

icf) fann nid)t um^in, I cannot get 

around it. I cannot help it 
bic fiunft, ability, skill, art 
bcr ftiinftlcr, bic Siiinftlcrin, artist 

fiiiiftlidi, artificial 
fiinftlcrifcf), artistic 
gefiinftclt, affected 

216. bic ft a n 5 c I , chancel, 

pulpit 

bcr ftanslcr, chancellor 
bic ftan^Ici, chancery 
bcr ;}icid}^( empire) fancier 
abfan^cln, turn down, scold 

217. bic ft a p p c , cap (cape) 
9Jotfdpp*cn, Red Riding Hood 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



121 



Dcrfappt, disguised 
Die .^Upuse, hood 

218. bte ft arte, card, chart 

'i)a.v ftartentiaue, castle in the air 
bie 3lnnd)tc-( sight) tarte, souvenir 

postal card 
bte i.'anbfarte (map), $oft — ; 

Spetfe — , bill of fare 
abfarten, concert, plot 

219 . bte S a f f c , cash, ready 

money, ticket window 

bcr ftairter(er), bie ftafftercrin 
cinfafftcren, collect 

220. b e r ft a ft c n , chest, 

case, box 

ber S8ricf( letter) f often; SBruft= 

(breast) — , chest 
bie ftifte, case, chest, box 
bie ftafte, caste 

221. bie .ft a fe c , cat 
ber ftoter, male cat 

222. f a u c n , chew 

jertauen, chew up 

ItJieber{ again) fauen, ruminate 

bcr SBicbcrffiuer 

223. f a u f e n , (cheap) 
buy, purchase 

abfaufen, bu\- from 
Dertaufen, (trade away) sell 
bcr ftauf, iiserfauf 



ber SlueDcrfauf, bargain sale 

ber ftaufmann, merchant 

faufmdnnifc^, commercial, mercan- 
tile 

fauflic^, purchasable; Dcrfdufltd), 
salable 

ba5 ftaufraftrteifdiiff, merchantman 

ber ftaufer, purchaser; G^infSufer, 
buyer 

ber syerfdufcr, salesman; bie SBcr= 
fduferin 

224. bie ft e M e, ihroat 
ber ftef)Ifopf (head), lar>-nx 

bie ftniefct)lc, knee-hollow 

225. ber S e U c r , cellar 
ber fteUner, waiter 

226. fcnncn ifannte, 
g e f a n n t), (ken) know 

befennen, (make known) confess 

erfentien, recognize 

ancrfennen, recognize, appreciate 

Derfenncn, mistake 

onerfenneneroert (worth), credita- 
ble 

unoerfcnnbar, unmistakable 

boc !J3etcnntni5, bie 2lnerfennung 

ber ftcnner, connoisseur 

fenntlicf), distinguishable 

erfenntlicf), appreciative 

has ftennjcii^ea (token), distinc- 
tive mark 

fenn^ctdincn, characterize 

bie .ftcnntnt^, knowledge 

befannt, acquainted, familiar 



126 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bcfannttirf), it is well known 

bcr 83cfttnntc, bic iScfanntfdiaft, 
acquaintance 

bcr Slunbc, bie Slunbin, business 
acquaintance, customer 

bic Slunbfd)aft, trade 

bic .Siunbc, information 

funbtg, familiar with 

bic Urfunbc (crfcnncn), document 

urfunblicf), by document 

funbfd)aftcn, (gather information) 
spy 

au'5funbfd)aftcu, reconnoiter 

bcr ftunbfdjaftcr, scout 

fiinbcn, (give knowledge) announce 

anfunbcn, ticrfiinbcn, announce 

nnfiinbigen, ttcrfiinbigcn, announce 

bic 'Jlnfiinbigung, SBcrfunbigung 

fiinbtgcn, give notice of withdrawal 

bic Jlunbigimg, notice of with- 
drawal 

fid) crfunbigcn, inform oneself, in- 
quire 

bic (frfunbtgung 

bcfunbcn, demonstrate; bic S8cfun= 
bung 

funbgcbcn (give), manifest 

bic ftunbgcbung 

227. bcr ftcrfcr ( Lat. career, 
incarcerate), prison, dungeon 

bcr ftcrfcrmciftcr (master) , turnkey 
cinfcrfern 

228. bic t c 1 1 e , (Lat. catena) 

chain 
bcrfcttcn, link together, concatenate 



229. bcr fi t c I , keel, careen 

tia^ iiiclrtjaffcr, wake 
bcr Slid, quill 
bcr iicil, wedge 
cinfcilcn, wedge in 
bic ftcilfcl)rift (script), cuneiform 
characters 

230. has 5linb, (kiti) child 

bic ftinbf)cit, childhood 

bic Jiiinbcrci, childishness 

Don iJinbC'^bciucn (bone, leg) on, 

from the earliest childhood 
finblid), childlike 
finbifd), childish 

231. t>a§ ft i n n , chin 
bcr ftinnbacfcn, jaw-bone 

232. bic ft i r rf) c , church 

bcr ftird)I)of (yard); — turm 
(tower), steeple 

firdjlid), ecclesiastical 

bic ftirmc^ (ftirdimcffc), anniver- 
sary of a church, annual fair 

233. f t a g c tt , complain, lament 

anflogcn, accuse; be—, deplore; 

fid) be — , complain; tier — , sue 
bic 5(nflagc, bic — fd)rift (script), 

indictment 
bcr, bic Slngcflngtc, defendant 
bcr ftldgcr, bic ftlagcrin, plaintiff 
flSglid), lamentable 



STU15y of the GERMAN VOCABULARY 
234. flat, dear 



127 



ttufftaren, enlighten; fief) auf — , 
clear up; er — , declare, explain; 
tier — , glorify 
bic 5lufflarung, (fr— , SSer— 
bic ft(ar()eit, clearness, plainness 
aufgcflart, enlightened; bic 9tufgc= 
tVdxti)C\t 

235. litbcn , paste, stick 

anflcben, post; be — , line with 
flcOerig, sticky 
bcr ftlebeftoff, mucilage 
bcr ftlciftcr, paste; flciftcrn 
bic fttcttc, clotbur 

236. b a § $1 1 c i b , cloth, garment, 

gown, dress 

flcibcn, dress, fit, become 

fid) anflcibcn, dress; fid) a\xS — , un- 
dress; cnt — , undress; um — , 
redress ( change) ; Der — , dis- 
guise; bic a?crflcibung 

bic filcibung, clothing 

flcibfam, becoming, fitting 

237. ftcin, {leati) small, little 

ftctn(id), mean, paltry; bic Slletn= 

ad)feit 
bic ftlctnigfcit, small matter, trifle 
btt^ ittcinob (ftlcinobicn), small 

jewel, trinket 
ticrflctncrn, reduce; bic J8crflcinc= 

rung 



238. f I e m m e n , pinch, squeeze 

Dcflcmmcn, oppress; bic Scflcm= 

mung 
bcflommcn, anxious; bic 33cfIom= 

incn()cit 
in bcr ftlcmme, in a fix 
bcr iilemmcr, eye-glasses 
bic 5llammcr, clamp, clasp 
onflommcrn, fasten with clamps 
cinflatnmcrn, put in brackets 

239. fltngcn (flang, gc = 
flung en), (clank) sound, 
tingle, ring 

bcrflingcn, die away, expire 
bcr Jilang, sound, tune 
bic iiltngcl, bell; flingctn, ring the 
bell 

240. f t p f C n , knock, beat 

anflopfcn, au^ — 
bcr Sltijpfcl, knocker 

241. b tt § Ji I ft c r , cloister, 
convent 

!(ijftcrlid), monastic 

bic Jllaufc, (close) cell, hermitage 

bic Slaufur, seclusion 

bcr filou^ncr, hermit, recluse 

242. bic ii luf t, (cleft) 

gap, chasm 

jcrfliiftet, full of fissures 

243. f I u g , clever, prudent 
oltflug, precocious 



128 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



\taatMi\XQ, politic, diplomatic 
bie Silug()cit, prudence 
au^ftiigeln, puzzle out 
bic Siliiflelct, sophistry 

244. bcr JHumpen 

clump, mass 

bcr SllumtJOtfd), awkward person 
Humpig, clumsy 

245. bcr Snobc, {knave) boy 

fnalien{)aft, boyish 

'ba^ Sinabcnaltct (age), boyhood 

bcr ilnoVpc, esquire 

bcr Scrgfnappc, miner 

bie finappfd)aft, mining company 

246. bcr SI nail, (knell) 
clap, report 
Jlnall unb 5-aII, suddenly (report 

of a gun and fall of the victim) 
fnaUcn, give a report, crack 

247. fnarrcn, (gnarl) 
creak, rattle 

bie ftnarre, rattle 
fnurren, gnarl, snarl, grunt 
fnurrig, ba^ ©cfnurr 
fnirfdicn, gnash one's teeth 

248. bcr Sncrf)t, (knight, serv- 
ant of a liege lord) servant, 
farmhand 

bie finccf)tfrf)aft, servitude 
fncdjtifd), servile 
bcr ^au^fnecl)t, porter 
fnce^ten, oppress; bie iined)tung 



249. fncifcn (fniff, ge = 

f n i f f c n), nip, pinch, squeeze 

obfnipfcn, clip 

250. b ^ $1 n i c , knee 
fniccn, kneel 

251. bcr ilnocfjcn 

(knuckle) bone 

bcr iIni)C^cI, knuckle, ankle 
fnod)ig, bony 

tocrfniJdjcrt, ossified, narrow- 
minded 

252. bcr ^ n t> f , (knob) button 

fnopfen, button 

fniipfcn, button, connect 

bic ftno^^jc, bud; fno^pcn 

bcr ftiiauf, knob; bcr finiip^el, 

knobby stick 

253. bcr JJnoten, knot 

bcr finotcnpunft, railroad junction 
fnotig, knotty; fnotcn, knot 
bcr ftnobcl, dumpling 
bic iinutc, knout; bcr Jlniittcl, 

knotty stick 

254. bcr Si tf) , cook 

bie fii3rf)in, cook 

fod)Cn, cook; bic Siiit^C, kitchen 

ber Siu^en, cake 

255. bie JS 1) I e , coal 
iicr ^'6i)Ut, collier 



STUDY OF THE GEEMAN VOCABULARY 



129 



f of)Irobcn( raven) f t^toors, 

black 
tierfo^lcn, carbonize, char 



coal- 



256. fommcn (tarn , gc- 
{ m m c n) , come 

anfommcn, arrive; be — , (come 
by) obtain, receive, agree 
with; ent — -, escape; entgc9cn= 
(against) — •, meet, treat kindly; 
iiticrcin — , agree; unter — , (under 
roof) secure a position, find 
shelter; t)cr — , go to the bad; 
tior — , appear, occur; jiitior — , 
be beforehand, prevent, meet; 
cntgcgcnfommcnb, 5u»or — , obli- 
ging 

i>a§ G-infommcn, income; Untcr — , 
shelter 

bcr 9Jad)fotnme, descendant; iiic 
9Jad)fommenfd)aft, offspring 

ber 3lt)fbmmltng, descendant; 
9(n — , arrival 

ba^ Syorfommni^, occurrence, in- 
cident 

bic 3"forfomntcn{)eit, poHteness 

hjillfommen, welcome 

ita^ aBillfommcn, dcttiiUfommncn, 
bte SctciUfommnung 

obfommlid), disengaged 

IjcrfiJmtnHd), (coming here from 
the past) traditional; ba^ ^tx- 
fommcn 

bic ^Ibhtnft, descent, origin; 9(n — , 
arrival; ^er — , descent; Ubcr= 
cin — , agreement; Unter — , shel- 
ter; 3u — , (to come) future 



fiinftig, jufiinfttg, future 
mein 3"^"nfti9cr/ niy intended 
husband 

257 . ber ii b n i g , king 

bic Sonigin, queen 

t>a^ iibnigreid) (realm), kingdom 

fijniglid), royal 

258. ber 51 op f , {cup) head 

fopflo^ (less), thoughtless 

bie ilovftofigfcit 

foVfuber, head over heels 

fijpfen, behead 

bic ftupve, ber ©tpfel, summit 

gipfcin, culminate 

259. ber fibrper 

(corpse) body 

bie fibrperfd^aft, organization 
fbrpcrli(^, corpor(e)al 
tocrfbrpcrn, embody; bic S5crfbrpc= 
rung 

260. f ft e n , cost 

bic Soften, Unf often, (pliir.) cost, 

expense 
foftbar, precious; bic 5loftbarfeit 
Ibfttid), delicious 
loftfpiclig, expensive 

261. f ft c n , relish, taste 

bic Soft, food, fare 
bcfbftigen, furnish with board; bic 
SBefbftigung 



I30 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



262. btc Sir aft, (crafl, in a 
physical sense) strength, force, 
power 

bic ftraftftation, power-house 
froftlo^, weak, feeble; bic Slroft= 

lofigfcit 
froftooll, vigorous 
fraftig, strong, powerful 
frfiftigcn, strengthen 
befrfifttgcn, corroborate 
bic ftrfiftigung, Scfraftigung 
cntfrdftcn, debilitate 
bic G-ntfrtiftung, exhaustion 

263. f r a n f , {cranky, in a phys- 

ical sense) ill, sick 
bic STrnnffjcit, illness, sickness 
franfl)aft, morbid; bic ftronfJ)aftig= 

fcit 
crfranfcn, fall sick; bic Grfranhmg 
frdnfcn, cause to feel sick, offend 
bic Jiiranfung 
frdnflid), sickly 
frdnfcin, be ailing 

264. bcr ^ronj, (crown) 

wreath, garland 

t>a§ 5lrdn5d)cn, little wreath, girls' 

club 
ttctrdnjcn, wreathe, crown 

265. f r a u ^ , curly, crisp 
frdufcln, curl 

ftraufcbccrc, gouse(frau^) berry 

266. bcr S r c i ^ , circle, 

orbit, district 

frci^fbrmig, circular 



frcifcn, circulate 

bcr Sircifcl, top, whirligig 

267. iaS Jlrcus, cross 

bcr fircujcr, cruiser, penny 
bcr Srcu5fat)rcr (traveler), cru- 
sader 
bcr $lrcu55ug (sictjcn, march), cru- 
sade 
frcujcn, cross; bic ftrcujung 
bcr ilrcujtionb (binbcn), newspaper 

wrapper 
ftd) bcfrcujcn, make the sign of the 

cross 
frcu^tgcn, crucify; bic Srcujigung 
bic ilrcuj unb bic Clucr, crisscross 

268. fricdicn (frorf), gc = 
f r d) c n), {crouch) creep, crawl 

fid) t)crfricrf)cn, creep into a safe 

place 
bcr Slricdjcr, toady; bic Slric^crci 
frau(^cn, crouch 

269. bcr 51 r i c g , war 

bcr Slricgcr, warrior 
frtcgcrifd), warlike 
bcr SBiirgcrfricg, civil war 
bcfricgen, make war upon 
fricgen, get, obtain; fid) — , get 
each other, be married 

270. bic Jl r n c , crown 

bcr ilronprtns, bic .Qronprinscffm 
frbncn; bic iirbnung, coronation 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



131 



271. hex Si rug, {crock-ery) 
pitcher, jar 

bic finite, stone bottle 
bet Strug, (Polish) inn 
bcr firiigcr, innkeeper 

272. bic fi u g c I , ball, 
bullet, globe 

bic ^atfifugcl, hemisphere 
fugelig, fugclfbrmtg, globular 
ia^ Siitgcld)en, globule 

273. lufil, cool 

bic fiii^tc, coolness 

bic fiii()l^cit, reservedness 

obfiif)Icn, cool down; bic 3(6fiif)Iung 

274. fiil^n, (keen) bold, daring 

tofl(dull, mad)fiiJ)n, audacious 
bic fiiifjit^cit, XoH— 
fi(^ crfii^ncn, dare 

275. bcr Summer, {encum- 

brance} grief 

fiimmcrn, grieve, concern 
unbcfiimmcrt, unconcerned 
fiimmcrlicf), miserable 

276. fitrcn (for, gcforcn) 

choose, elect 

bcr, bic 5Iu^crforcnc, sweetheart 
bcr fiurfiirft (first, prince), elector 
bo^ iiurfiirftcntum, electorate 

277. furs, (curt) short, brief 
fiirjlic^, recently 



abfiirjcn, tier — , abridge 
bic Slbfiirjung, abbreviation 
furjndjHg, near-sighted; bic Siur3= 
fic^tigfcit 

278. bcr Jtuft, kiss 
fiiffcn, kiss 

279. bic fi u t f (]& c , coach, 
carriage 

bic fiutfd)cnfttt)rt (ride) 

bcr fiutfc^cr, driver; bcr — hod, 

box 
futfcf)icrcn, ride in a carriage 

280. bic ^uttc, (coat) cowl 
bcr Siittcl, jumper 

281. I rf) c It , laugh 

bcr Sarf)er 

Io(^()aft, Iacf)crlid^, ridiculous 
btt^ ©claditcr, laughter 
lo(^cIn, smile 

282. labcn (lub, gcUbcn) 

load, charge 

ab(off)labcn, auf(on) — , au^(out, 

un-) — ; be — , burden; ein(in) — ; 

tier — , ship 
iiberlabcn, overdone; bic Ubcrla^ 

bcnf)cit, lavish decoration 
bic 2abe, box for storing things, 

drawer 

283. I f) m , lame 
bic £al)ml)cit, So^mung, palsy 



132 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



gclfiljmt; bic @elal)mtl)cit, lame- 
ness 
crlal)mcn, lose strength 
bic (^rIol)mung, loss of strength 

284. ha§ £ n b , land, country 

ha^ 3(U)^Ianb, foreign countries 

bcr 9(u^lonbcr, au^liinbifd) 

bic Sfinbcrcicjt, landed property 

btt^ (ydhnbc, tract of land 

^ier^ulaitbc, in this country 

bic 2anbf(I)aft, landscape 

lanbfdjaftlid), scenic 

bic Sanbcngc (narrow), isthmus 

bcr fionbmann, farmer 

bcr Sonb^mann, fellow-countryman 

bic Sanb^mannin 

bcr 2anbrt)irt (warden), farmer 

bic 2anbtt}irtfd)oft, farming 

Idnttlicf), rural 

bcr Sfinblcr, country dance 

lanbcn, land 

bic JJanbung, landing 

285. long, long 
cnttang, lang^, along 
bie Songc, length 

bic 2ang(c)tt)ci(c (while), boredom 
ftrf) longwcilcn, bore oneself 
langlid), oblong 
bcrlfingcrn, elongate; bic SBcrIdngc= 

rung 
langc, a long time 
langfom, slow; bic Sangfamfcit 
berlangfamcn, reduce speed 
langcn, lengthen, reach, hand 
anlangcn, reach the goal, arrive 



h30^ andclangt, as regards 
^inldnglid), long enough, sufficient 
unjulfinglid), insufficient 
bcrlangcn, long for, demand 
boi^ jycrlangcn 
toon S^clang, of importance 

286. taffcn (licft, gcUf^ 
fen), lei, leave 

ou^Iaffcn, omit; ent — , dismiss; 
l)intcr — , leave behind, be- 
queath, leave word; fid) nic= 
bcr( beneath, down) — , settle; 
untcr — , (leave under) leave 
alone; tocr — , desert, abandon; 
fid| tocr — , rely upon; 5U— , 
admit 

bic Slu^Iaffung, 9Jiebcr — , Untcr — 

bic !il?erlaffcnl)cit, dereliction 

bic ^inicrlaffcnfd)oft, estate 

au^gclaffcn, (let out, of animals) 
exuberant; bic 31uggclaffcn{)cit 

bcr 9JnIafj, (let on) instigation, 
cause 

anld^Hcf), because of 

uncrlfi^lid), indispensable 

fol)rlafftg, careless 

bic S'aI)rlofrigfcit 

nttcl)Iafftg, (leave behind) neglect- 
ful 

bic 9Jad)Ioffigfcit 

bcrnadilafftgcn, neglect 

bic 8.krnad)Iaffigung 

jutocrlfiffig, reliable 

bic SuiJcrldffigfeit 

Ififfig, lazy; bic SSffigfcit 

gclaffcn, calm; bic (15claffcnl)cit 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



133 



bo§ ®elajj, (place in which to 
leave things) room, space 

287. btc Soft (lobcn, load) 
burden 

ficlaftcn, burden; cnt(un-) — 
Ififtig, burdensome, troublesome 
tielfiftigcn, molest; bic Scloftigung 

288. bag Softer, vice 

lofterfjoft, vicious 

loftcrn, slander, defame 

Iflfterlid), bcr Sfiftcrcr, bic Softcrung 

289. ba§ 2aub, {leaf) foliage 

bic Saubc, arbor, bower (lodge) 
bclaubcn, cover with leaves 
cntlaubcn, shed the leaves 

290. taufcn (Itcf, gcIou = 

fen), {leap) run 

bcr 2auf, run, course 

bic 2oufbol)n (track) , career 

bcr Ciiufcr, runner 

bcr Stu^Ioufcr, foothill; Ubcr— , 

deserter 
bciloufig, (running alongside) by 

the way 
gcISufig, fluent; bic (iJcIoufigfcit 
Bortaufig, (running ahead) for the 

time being 

291. bic Saunc, {lunacy) 
humor, temper 

Ittunig, humorous 

Ittunifc^, Iaunenf)aft, freakish 



292. iant , loud, distinct 

lautcn, sound, read; tier — , (be- 
come loud) be reported 
bcr £out, sound 
IttUttog, silent 

Idutcn, ( make a noise) ring a bell 
bag ©clautc, ringing of bells 

293. tauter, pure 

tauter S3iit^er, (purely) nothing 

but books 
Ifiutcrn, purify, refine; bic £autc= 

rung 
crliiutcrn, explain; bic ©rlfiutcrung 

294. leben, live 

bclc6cn, animate; cr — , experi- 
ence; iiber — , survive; bcr — , 
spend 

abgclebt, effete; bic 3I6gelebt]^cit 

bog ©rlcbnig, experience 

Icbcnbig, alive, lively 

tcb^oft, vivacious 

Icbtog, lifeless 

bic Scbenbigfeit, 2ebf)aftigfcit 

bog Sebcn, life 

bog 5lblcticn, death; ^ox — , ante- 
cedents 

bcr 2cib, (that which lives) body 

Iciblid), corpor(e)al, natural 

Icibtiofttg, bodily 

bclcttjt, stout; bic 23elcibtt)eit 

cntlcibcn, kill, murder 

cintjcrlcibcn, incorporate; bic @tn= 
tJcrlcibung 



134 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



295. I c cf c n , lick 

Iccfcr, dainty; bic Sctfcrci 
Icrfcrfiaft, lickerish 
ungelcdt, untidy 

296. I c 6 n c n , lean 

ftc6 anicfincn, lean against 
fidi auflelincn, rebel 
bcr I'etinftuI)!, armchair; bie 2c^nc, 
back 

297. Icidjt, light (to carr\-), 
easy (to do) 

lcict)tf)tn, lightly 

i)ic Seiditigfcit, facility 

crlciditcrn, facilitate 

bie Cnlcictitcrung 

ben 3lnfer lidjtcn : ia$ Sicfjtcrfcfiiff 

298. leibcn (litt, gclit = 

ten), (loathe) siifer, endure 

'ba^ 2eib, suffering, grief 

ts tut mir letb, it causes me sorrow 

Iciblidt, tolerable 

5u mcinem gro^tcn Scibttcfcn (re- 
gret) 

bag Scibcn, ailment 

'ba^ 8?cileib, 2)Jit — , suffering with 
others, sympathy 

bcmitlctben, pity 

belcibigen, (cause to suffer) insult 

bic 53clcibigung 

bic ilcibenfcfiaft (suffering), passion 

Icibenfrfiaftlitfi, passionate 

in 9)Jitletbcnf(f)aft 5ict)cn, (draw 
into fellow-suffering) implicate 



299. leifien (lieft, gcltc- 

I) e n), loan, lend 
bie 3lnlctt)e, loan 

bav 2cl)cn, Sieljn, fief, feudal tenure 
ba^ ;?arle^cn, loan 
bclefjncn, invest; bic SBcIelinung, 

investiture 
entlcl)ncn, borrow; bic (Jntleljnung 

300. Icincn, linncn, made 

of linen 

bic Scinttianb (bo^ ©citianb, gown), 

linen 
bcr Scinwcbcr (weaver) 

301. I e i t c n , lead 

bte Seitung, guidance, management 

bas (^)clett, escort 

ber ileitfaben (fathom, string), 

guiding line 
beglcitcn, escort, accompanj' 
bcr JBcglcitcr, bic 8^cglcitung 

302. I en fen, bend, govern 

Icnfbar, — fam, manageable, dirigi- 
ble 

bcr Scnfcr, ruler, governor 

\>a§ ©elenf, (link) joint 

taS A>anbgelcnf, wrist; gu^ — , 
ankle 

gclenfig, flexible; bic ©elenfigfcit 

ungclcnf, stiff, clumsy 

303. I e r n c n , learn 
Dcrlcrncn, forget 
crlcrnbar, learnable 
leliren, teach; bclcftren, inform 



STUDY or THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



135 



bic Sc^rc, apprenticeship; trie Sc= 

Icfjrung 
Ictirreid) (rich), instructive 
gclctirioi, docile: bic (ydctirigfcit 
gclctjrfatn, geletirt, scholarly 
bie fy)elet)rfamfcit, (>)elct)rtf)cit, eru- 
dition 
bet rv5clctirtc, scholar 
Der i^elircr, Die — in, teacher 
ber i!et)rling, apprentice 
bie Setjre, doctrine, theory 

304. Icfen Ha§ , ge = 
I e 1 e ni, read 

fci'erHcfi, legible 

bclcfen, well read; bic S^clcfcnticit 

bic i^orlefung, lecture 

lefcn, (col-lect) pick, gather 

auflefen, pick up; aus — , pick 

out 
bic Jluvlefc, selection 
bie SScinlefc, vintage 

305. I i cf] t , light, bright, shining 

ba5 Sitf)t, light, candle 

bo5 2?ogcnlicf)t, arc light 

ba5 ©lu^l glow) Ii(^t, incandescent 

light 
t)av OjaegliitUidit, Welsbach light 
lifflterlof), in full blaze 
bic iJidimng, clearing 
bcliditcn, expose; bic Sclic&tung 
Icudjten, give light, shine 
bclcutfitcn, illuminate; bie 2?clcucf)= 

tung 
tav L'cudjtgas 
ber iieucf)tcr, candlestick 



bet .^ron( crown) leut^ter, chan- 
delier 

bic Scuditc, luminary 

eriaucfat, illustrious, noble 

bic Zurcfjlaurfjt, Serene Highness 

burctjlaudiiig, illustrious, serene 

306. Die i: i c b e , love 

ber 2iebling, darling 

has Sicblingeburfi, favorite book 

bie Sicbclci, flirtation 

ber iiebbaber, bie — in, amateur 

ber L'iebrcis, charm 

licbdugcln ttae ?{ugc, ej-e), flirt 

lieblid), lovely; bic I'icblicfifeit 

licblos, unkind; bic ilieblongfcit 

liebcDoII, affectionate 

Hcbcneroiirlng (worthj-), amiable 

bie iiebenrwiirbigfeit 

licb, dear, beloved, agreeable 

licbcn, love 

fid) Dcrlieben, fall in love 

bie 2>crlicbtbcit, infatuation 

e? bclicbr mir, it suits me 

nact) 2>eliebcn, (according to liking) 

as you please 
bclicbig, optional; miy — 
belicbt, popular; bic iBelicbtbeit 
fiirlicb, dot — netjmen, (take for 

love) be pleased 

307. I i e f c r n , {de-liver) fur- 
nish, supply 

aujiiefcrn, extradite; bie Jtujlicfe- 

rung 
Die ijicfcrung, deliver.-, part of a set 
ber iicfcrant, purveyor 



136 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 

314. b ^ S rf> , hole 



308. licflcn (Utj, gcic* 
gen), lie, be situated 
flctegcn, well situated, opportune 
bic (yc(cgcn()cit, opportunity 
bic Sage, site, situation 
ta4 Soger, ( layer) couch, store, camp 
logcrn, camp, store 
bclogcrn, besiege; bie S3clagcrung, 

ber Selagcrer 
legcn, lay, put, place 
bctcgt, coated 
iiberlegen, superior; bie Ubcrkgcn= 

^cit 
iiberlcgt, considerate; bic Ubcr= 

Icgtl)cit 
iiberlegen, consider; bie itberlcgung 
toerlegcn, mislay, embarrass 
bie S8erlcgcnf)eit 

309. n n b e r n , alleviate, soften 
bie Sinberung, alleviation 
gclinbe, soft, gentle 

310. Unf, left 

(inf^, on the left 

linfifrf), awkward; ber £inf fer 

311. bie fiiPVc, Up 
bic ficfsc, lip 

312. bic Sift, cunning, 
trick, craft 
Itfttg, cunning; iibcrliftcn, outwit 

313. I b e n , praise, commend 

(oblidf), laudable 
ba^ Sob, praise 



to^crig, porous 

burd)Iod)cn, bur(f)lij(()crn, perforate 

ba^Sctf, leak; Icrfen 

bie Siitfe, (leak) gap, breach 

Iiicfcnf)aft, fragmentary 

315. I d c n , decoy, allure, 
entice 

tjcrlodcn, entice; bic 9.?crIocfung 

316. ber Sorbcer, laurel 
ber Sorbcerfronj (crown), wreath 

317. I ^ , loose 

Ibfcn, loose(n), free 

ablbfcn, relieve; ouf— , dissolve; 

ou^— , redeem; cr— , rescue 
bic Sbfung, solution 
bic 5(blofung, 3(uf— , ©r— 
ber CTrlofcr, Redeemer 
t>a§ SiJfcgelb (money), ransom 
aufgcloft, exhausted; bic Slufgc- 

Ibfttjcit 

318. iaS S ^ , lot, share, fate 

lofcn, draw lots 

bie Sofung, watchword 

319. Iof(f)cn (loftf), gc = 
I of d) en), extinguish 

unau^Ibfd)tid), indelible 
bn^ Sbfdjblatt, blotter 
cine Sabung (cargo) lijfd)en, dis- 
charge 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



137 



320. ha§ 2 t , lead, plummet 

Ibtcn, solder 

loten, sound; bic 2otung 

321. bic 2 u f t , (///■;, loft) air 

luftig, airy, flighty 

liiftcn, ventilate; bie Siiftung 

ben ^ut (hat) luftcn (lift) 

322. liigen (log, gelogen) 

tell a lie 

bie Cijgc, bcr 2ug, lie 

bcr Siigncr, liar; tugcnl)aft, Iiig= 

ncrtfd) 
Dcrlogcn, given to lying 
bie lSScr(ogen()eit, habit of lying 
leugnen, 06 — , deny 
unleugbor, undeniable 

323. bcr Sumpcn, (lump) 

rag, tatter 

bcrfium^J, ragamuffin, blackguard 
lumpig, ragged, shabby 
Serlumpt, ragged 

324. bic 2uft, (lust) enjoy- 

ment, pleasure 

bic 2uftborfeit, diversion, sport 
luffig, merry; bie 2uftigfcit 
bcluftigen, amuse; bie Scluftigung 
liiftern, desirous; bic 2iiftcrn()eit 
bo^ ©eliift, desire, appetite 

325. m a dj c n , make 

tjcrmadjcn, bequeath; bo^ S?tcr= 
xm6)tvx4 



"aa^ (ycmadjtc, bic ecmac{)tr)eit, 

affectation 
bcr Malitx, broker 
gemac^, to one's liking, slowly, by 

degrees 
gcmacf)Iicf), comfortable; bic (ye= 

tnad)licf)feit 
bo^ Ungcmoc^, adversity 

326. b a ;§ 9J{ b (^ c n , maid, girl 

bic SDloib ( poetical) 
mabcf)enf)aft, girlish 
bie SUJogb, maid servant 
ba^ ajifigblcin, little girl 

327. id) mag (miigcn, 
ntodjtc, gcmod)t), / may, 
I like, desire 

\6) tocrmag, I may, am able 

( mighty) 
"ba^ SBcrmiJgen, might, wealth 
tjcrmogenb, well-to-do 
mogli^, (that which may be done) 

possible 
bic SUJ«JgIicf)fcit; crmijglidicn, enable 
bic SJJttdjt, might, power 
bic Cl)n(un)mod)t, faint; 8?oH= 

(full) — , power of attorney; 

Ubcr — , superiority 
mod)tig, mighty; o^n — , fainting 
fid) bcmad)tigen, take possession 

of; bctJoU — , authorize; er — , 

authorize 
bic 0^rmdd)tigung 
maditlos: (less), bie SJladittofigfcit 



138 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



328. b ^ 9JU M , meal 

bos? S!JlcI)I, meal, flour; mcljlig 
bic 5UiUl)Ic, mill; bcr 'iUJuUcr 

329. mal)ncn, {re-mind, ad- 
mon-ish) remind, warn 

a6mat)ncil, dissuade; tt — , exhort 
btc aflal)nung, @r — 

330. b i e S)J d I) r , phantastic 
story 

bo^ 9J}ord()en, fairy tale 
mord)cn{)aft, fictitious 



331. bic 2)J f) r c , mare, 
bcr SUlarftalf, royal stud 



nag 



332. b ^ 9Jl a I , mark, blemish 

bog ajJuttcrmol; 2)cnf( think)—, 

monument 
(yrob( grave) — , tombstone 
tnolcn, (make marks, design) paint 
bcr iOioIcr, bic SUJoIcrin, artist 
bic KJJfllcrci, art of painting 
molcrifd), picturesque 
bflig ©cmolbc, painting 
bog SDioI, (mark for checking off) 

time 
cinmol, once; ghjci — , twice; 

mond)(many a) — 
bomolg, at that time, then 
bomofig, of that time 
cinmoUg, occurring once 
bog 6-inmoIctng, multiplication 

table 



333. bcr 9)1 n g c I , deficiency, 
defect 

tnongcKjoft, defective; bic 9)langcl= 

I)oftigfcit 
in 0"rmfliigc(ung toon, in default of 
tnongctn, be in want of; cr — , fail, 

neglect 
ftcmongcln, criticize deficiencies 
bic fficmongclung 

334. bcr 9)Unn (SDJon^ 

ncr), man 

bog S)2dnnd)Ctt, male animal, mani- 
kin, little man 

ttlonngOod), of a man's height 

monnbor (bear), adolescent 

bic SUJonnborfcit 

monnlid), male, masculine; bic 
SUonnlicfjfcit 

ticmonncn, man; bic JBemonnung, 
crew 

fief) crmonncn, brace oneself up 

iibcrmonncn, overpower 

bic SUJonnfdjoft, squad, team 

mon, one, somebody 

335. bcr aJJontcI 

mantle, cloak 

bcr ^cdfmontct, disguise, pretext 
dcmontcln, palliate, excuse 
bic J^cmontclung 

336. bcr Tlaxii, market 
tnorftcn, bargain, haggle 

337. bcr max\^ , march 
tttorfdiicrcn, march 



STUDY OP THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



139 



ha§ SUiarfdjlanb, marsh-land, salt 
marshes 

338. bic ajJartcr, {martyr) 
tortncnt, torture 

martcrn, torment 
ber 9JJartt)rer, martyr 
ba^ ajJartijrcrtum (dom) 

339. bic SDtaf cm, (plur.) 
measles 

bic SJJafcr, spot, mark 
mafern, vein 

340. matt, [check-mate) 

tired, faint 

bic SDJottigfcit, faintness 
crmatten, weaken; bic Cftmnttung 
abgemottct, exhausted; bic 9tl)gc= 
mattcttjcit 

341. bic aJJoucr, (Lat. 

murus) wall 

bcr aiJourcr, mason; bic 9J{aurcrci, 

masonry 
mouern, wall in 
bo^ ©emciucr, ruins 

342. 'dCL^ 9)} c c r , {mere, lake) 
sea, ocean 
bic SUJccrcngc (narrow), strait 
iJDcr bcm 2){ecrc5!|>tegct (mirror), 

level 

343. m c I) r , more 
mc^rcrc, several, a few 
bic SDJcf)rl)cit, majority 



mc()rcn, tier — , increase, augment 
bic SBcrmcOrung 

344. m c i n e n , mean, think 

Dcrmcinttid), ( wrongly thought) 

supposed 
bic SJJcinung, opinion 

345. bcr Titled, chisel 
mcifjctn, chisel 

346. m c i ft , most 

mciftcn^, mostly 

ber SDlciftcr, master, employer; 

mciftcrl)oft 
bcmciftcrn, master, control; bic 

SBcmciftcruug 

347. bic SUicngc, {among, 
mingle) plenty, crowd 

mcngcn, mingle 

bo^ QJcmcngc, mixture; ^anb — , 

close fight 
bo^ (Mcmcngfcf, medley 

348. bcr SDlcnfd), {man) 
human being, man 

bcr Unmcnfd), brute, monster 
tncnfdilid), (humane); bic SDknfd)- 

nd)fcit 
entmcnfd)t, barbarous, cruel 
bic 9!)Jcnfct)l)eit, mankind 

349. tn c r { c n , mark, note, 

perceive 

bcmcrfctl, remark, observe 



I40 



A PRACTICAL GUEDE TO A SdENTIFIC 



bic 3lnmcrfung, annotation; S3c — , 
remark 

bcr S^crmcrf, remark 

mcrfUd), perceptible 

tncrfroiirbig (worthy), curious 

bic SDJcrfmiirbigfeit 

bcmerfen^JBcrt ( worth) , note- 
worthy 

t)a^ SUJcrfmal, distinctiv^e mark 

unbcmcrft, unnoticed 

aufmcrffam, observing, attentive 

bie 5lufmcrffamfett 

branb( brand, lire)marfcn, stig- 
matize 

350. nt e I b c n , report, announce 

obmelben, (report off) cancel, re- 
sign, withdraw 

aninclben, (report on) announce a 
visitor, enroll 

bic 3lbmclbung, 3(n — 

bcr Jcuermclbcr, fire-alarm box 

351. mcffcn (maft, gcmcf = 

fen), measure 

flngcmcffcn, (measured on) ade- 
quate 

uncrmcRtid), immense; bic Uncr= 
mcf}(td)fctt 

ticrmcffcn, ( wrongly measured) 
presumptuous; bic S>crmcffcni)cit 

bcr J)ur(f|( through) mcffcr, diam- 
eter 

ba^ Ma^, measure 

boi§ (5ben(even)moft, symmetry; 
@Ieit!^(like) — , proportion, sym- 
metry 



tnaf^boQ, moderate; — lo^, immod- 
erate 
bic SDJoftlofigfcit 

nto^ig, temperate; bic 9JJo^igfcit 
gcmiift, (measured on to) in con- 
formity with 
ma^gebenb, (giving the measure, 

standard) authoritative 
unma^gcblid), unpresuming 
wad) SOia^gabc Don, in proportion to 
einigcr( some) majjcn, gctt)i|fcr( cer- 
tain) — , in a measure, to some 
extent 

352. bic aJiictc, {meed) 
rent, hire 

bcr SJiictcr, tenant; 3lftcr — , sub- 
tenant 
bcr SUJictling, hireling, mercenary 
mictcn, hire, rent; tier — , let 

353. mi lb, mild 

bic ajJitbc, 9J}iIbt)cit, mildness 
milbcrn, mitigate; bic SDJilbcrung 

354. m i n b c r , {minus) less, 
inferior 
tninbcriat)rig (year), under age 
bic 2)Unbcrl)eit, minority 
minbcrn, t)cr — , decrease; bic S8cr= 

minbcrung 
minbcftcn5i, at least 

355. in i f (^ c n , mix 

ftd) cinmifrf)cn, interfere; ttcr — , 
mingle 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



141 



bic SOJtf^ung, mixture; ©in — , 

SBer— 
ber 9)Jifd)Iing, mongrel 
ba^ ©cmifd), mixture 
bic (ycmifd)t{)cit, mingling of social 

elements 

356. b i e 9K i 1 1 c , middle, midst 

bie SDJittcrnocfit (night); bcr SDUttog 

(day), noon; 9)Jitttt)0d) (week), 

Wednesday 
bai^ SDJittct, means, remedy 
bo^ 9)Uttetolter, Middle Ages; — = 

lic^ 
tnittctto^, pennyless 
bic SDUttcUoflgfcit, poverty 
bemittelt, supplied with means 
mitten axx^, from the midst; — in, 

in the midst of 
unmittcltiar, immediate(ly) 
ermittcin, (get from the middle) 

find out 
bic Grmittclung, investigation 
toermittein, (act as a middleman) 

mediate 
bcr !i8ermitt(cr, bic jycrmittclnng 
nttttcl^, mittclft, by means of 
Jjcrmittelft, by means of 

357. bic SJl b c , mode, fashion 
oltmobifd), old-fashioned 

358. bcr SDJ r b , murder 

bcr ScIbft(self)mDrb, suicide 
bcr SDJbrbcr, murderer; bic — in 
mbrbcrifd), murderous; — lid), vio- 
lent 



morben, cr — , assassinate 
bic ©rmorbnng 

359. ber SOJorgen, morning 

bie SUJorgenbammcrung ( dim) , 

dawn; — rotc (red), dawn 
bO!» 9)JorgcnIanb, East, Orient 
ber SDlorgenlanbcr, morgcnlSnbifd) 
morgen, tomorrow; iiticr — , day 

after tomorrow 
bcr SOiorgen, a morning's work, acre 

360. bcr aWorfcr, mortar 
ntorfc^, (crushed) brittle 
bie S!)}orfd)I)cit 

361. bcr S9J u cf c r , hypocrite 

bie 9)lu(fcrci 
meud)cln, plot, cabal 
bie SUJcudjdci 

ber SDJeucfielmorb, assassination; 
— mijrber 

362. bie 9)J ii {) e , trouble, pains 

mii^clo^, without pains; — t)oU, 
troublesome 

ftd) otimiil)cn, tire oneself 

ficft bemiif)en, endeavor 

bie S8emitl)ung 

muljfam, troublesome; — felig, toil- 
some 

bie SDJiifjfomfett, — fcligfeit 

miibe, tired 

bie ajjiibigfeit, fatigue 

ermiibcn, become tired 

uncrmiibfid), indefatigable 

bic UnermiibUrfjfcit 



14; 



A PIL\CTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIEXTIFIC 



363. r»cr 2!lunb, mouth 

mun&gcrcdjt (right), palatable 

tnunMid), oral, verbal 

C5 muni)ct mir, (it suits my mouth) 

I relish it 
bic ilJunDung, mouth of a river, 

muzzle of a gun 
munbcn, ctn — , empty into 

364. ttas Slliinbcl, {mound, 

bulii'jrk' i.jrd 

ntiinbtg, of age; bic iijunbigfcit 
bcr 'itormuiib, (protector) guardian 
bie 2>Drmunbfdjaft (ship) 

365. m u n t c r , lively, sprightly 

bie iijunterfeit 

aufmuntcrn, cr — , rouse, encourage 

bic 'Jlufmunicrung, Q^ — 

366. bic ill ii n s c , {mini, 
money) mint, coin 

miin^cn, mint, coin 

auf jcmanbcn abiniin^cn, (strike a 
coin for) strike a blow at 

bcr Jyalftftfalseinunscr, counter- 
feiter; bic — ci 

367. m u r r c n , grumble, grou-l 
miintft^, morose, surly, sulky 

358. bic ill uf if , music 

bcr iiiuntcr, Shinfant, musician 
muufalifdj, musical 
muusicTcn, make music 
bic SRuftf alien, iphir.) printed 
music 



369. bcr aji u 5 f c I , muscle 

muofulol 

370. bic 3)i u R c , leisure, ease 

mii^ig, idle 

bcr iijiipiggang ( gcl)cn), idleness 

fid) bcmiipigcn, find leisure for 

371. bo^ ajtuftcr, (muster) 
sample, pattern, model 

muftcm, review; bic Siuftcrung 
muftcrfiaft, exemplary 

372. bcr iRut, {mood) spirit, 
mind, courage 

bic SInmut, (appealing to the 
mind) sweetness, grace 

bcr ©Ict(^'vlike)mut,calmness; @rDR= 
— , generosity; JpO(ft(high) — , 
haughtiness; 3aitft(5oft) — , gen- 
tleness: SSanfcI — , fickleness; bic 
S5}c3( woe) — , sadness 

anmutig 

groftntiitig, glcid) — , fiotfi — , fanft — , 
luanfcl — , ttclj — : cin — , unani- 
mous 

mutig, courageous 

crmutigen, encourage; cnt — , dis- 
courage 

bic (Jrmutigung, Gitt — 

ber idutwillc, mischievousness; 
mutroiEig 

annmten, please; Dcr — , (have in 
mind) suppose; ju — , (bring to 
one's mind) expect to do 

bic S-tcrmutung ; 3" — / imputation 



STUDY OF THE GERM-\2s VOCABULARY 



143 



Dcrmutlicb, supposedly 

SSie tft ^i\nevi ju SJlutc? (at mood), 

how do you feel? 
Bodigcntut, high-spirited 
mutmaRcn, (measure in the mind) 

conjecture 
mutma^lidi, presumptive; tie 3?lut- 

manung 
tms (?jemut, mood, disposition, 

mind, heart 
gcmiirDDll, full of feeling 
gemiiiiii^, (appealing to the mood) 

congenial, sociable, pleasant 
He ©emuilittfeil 

373. Die i"! u t r e r , mother 

bic (Hronmuircr, muttcrlitf) 

Die 3ticfi SLcpinmricr 

mcfmuitcrltrf), heartless 

t) c mutter n, treat as a mother would 

374. Die ill ii B c , cap 
Dcr 'I'JiiiBcnfditrm i^kirm-ish), visor 

375. natfiabmen, imitate 
Die 'i'ladiatimung 

376. D c r '?; a di b a r , neighbor 

Die '[•lacbbarin, — ''cbafr hood) 
nadibarlicb, bcnatiibarr, neighbor- 



377. Die 9t a cfi r , night 

Die iiiirrcrnadir: "i?eib( sacred) — , 

uticrnadJten, stay over night 



ubcnidt^rig, eihaL;sted by a sleep- 
less night 

nac^tlidi, nocturnal; nai^ti, dioring 
the night 

umnat^tCB, surround with darkness 

nucbtcra {Lot. nvcturn-us), sober, 
urinteresting 

btc 9tu(fitcrTtbcit 

criiiicbicrn, r. ike sober, disillusion 

btc (mtuditcrung 

378. D e r Tc a d c n . r-::k, 

Ijarrnarfig, stubborn; Me ^art* 

ndcfigfeit 
ba? (^jcnidf, neck, nape 
nicfcn, nod 

379. n c i g e n , b(nc, incline 
Die OIcigKng, inclination, propen- 

bic ^Ibnciguog, aversion; JCtn — , 
3n — , good-will, affection 

abgcncigt, disinclined; bie Slbgc= 
neigrbcit 

380. Ti a dt , naked, nude 

bie 9iadfibrit 

381. D i e '^l a DC I, needU 

naben, se— ; an — , stitch on 

Die 'i'ldbmai'cbiitc 
Die ^laht. se^m 
Die '.^r'i.i I crtn, seamstress 
Die 'Jia.-.;;aDcl: 3tcrf( stick) — , pin; 
5?uien — , breastpin 



144 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



382. n I) e, near 



bcino{)C (by near), no()C5U (near to 

it) , nearly, almost 
nol)eIicflcnb (lying), obvious 
unnat)t)or, inaccessible 
bic UnnoI)tiarfctt 
bic 9ial)C, nearness, proximity 
nal)cn, approach 
fief) na()crn, approach; bic 2lnno()e= 

rung 
onna()crnb, approximately 
bcr 9iad)ftc, (next) fellow-creature 
nod)ftcn^, in the near future 

383. n d 1^ r e n , ( nourish) 

nurse, feed 

crntt()rcn, feed, support; bic Gr* 

nal)rung 
bic 9ial)rung, nourishment, food 
na()r()oft, nutritious; bic 9iaf)rftof' 

tigfcit 

384. bcr 9t m c , name 

bcr aScinamc, surname; SpilJ — , 
nickname; SSor — , initials; 3"- 
— , family name 

namcnlo^ (less), anonymous 

nam{)nft, (having a name) reputed 

naml)nft madjcn, mention a name 

bic 9laml)aftmad)ung 

ndmlid), namely, to wit 

bcr ndmlidjc, (before named) the 
same 

namcntlic^, (by name) notably 

Ijcnamcn, DcnamfcH; name 



385. bcr 9i a r r , Jool 
bic 9iarrin, bic 9Jarrl)cit 
ndrrifcf) 

ftcft bcrnarrcn in, become foolishly 

fond of 
bic SSernarrt{)cit 

386. bic 9i a f c , nose 
nafcttJci^, (having a good scent) 

pert 
bO!^ Slo^Ijorn, rhinoceros 
nafein, speak through the nose 

387. n a ^ , humid, moist, wet 

naftfatt, damp and cold 

ba^ 9laj|, liquid; bic SJoffc, mois- 
ture 

burcf)naffcn, wet through 

nc^cn, be — , moisten, wet 

388. bic 91 a t u r , nature 
naturgcmdft, according to nature; 

— gctrcu (true to) 
"ba^ 9JaturcII, natural disposition 
bic Unnatur, unnaturalness 
natiirUd), natural; of course 
bic SJaturalicn, natural curiosities 

389. bcr 9lcbcl, (nebulous) 
mist, fog, haze 

ba§ 9lcbcn)orn, ncb(c)Ug 
bcncbein, cloud, intoxicate 

390. nc^mcn (nat)m , gc = 
n m m c n ), take 

oDnc()mcn, take off, decrease; on — , 
accept, take for granted; ouf — , 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



145 



admit; au^{out) — , except; fic^ 
tic — , behave; cin — , receive; cnt= 
— , perceive from; fcft{fast) — , 
arrest; tier — , perceive; t)Or{to 
the front)—, select; h)al)r= 
(aware) — , observe; 5u( to- 
wards) — , add, increase 

ba§ SBcncIjmen, conduct 

bcm 2Scrncl)mcn nad), according to 
a rumor 

bic SBcrnc^mung, examination of 
witnesses 

bic 9Sa{)rnei)mung 

bic 3lbnal)mc, Sin—, 2tuf— 3tu§— , 
@in-, S-cft-, 3u- 

gcncljmigen, accept, approve; bic 
(ycnclimigung 

ongencJjm, acceptable, agreeable 

bic 9lnncl)mlicl)fcit, pleasant con- 
dition 

tiorcingcnommcn, captured in ad- 
vance, prejudiced 

bic SSorcingcnommentjcit 

t)ornct)m, (taken to the front) 
picked, stylish, haughty 

bic 5Bornc{)mf)cit 

bic fficrnunf t, ( taking up through the 
mind) perception, reason, sense 

bic Unticrnunft, nonsense 

bcrniiiiftig, reasonable, rational 

bic JBcrniinftigfcit, rationality 

391. b c r yieih , envy, grudge 

bcr 9Jcibcr, envious person 
ncibifd), envious; — lo^ (less) 
ficneibcn, envy; — ^ttJCrt (worth), 
enviable 



392. n c i n , no 
bcrncincn, answer in the negative 
bic SBcrncinung 

393. ncnncn (nanntc, gc=^ 
n a n n t), name 

bencnncn, denominate; cr — , ap- 
point 
bic Scncnnung, @r — 
bcr 9}cnncr, denominator 
ncnncni^tticrt, worth mentioning 

394. bag 9icft, nest 

niftcn, build a nest 

fid) cinniftcn, settle at a place 

395. n c 1 1 , neat, fair, pretty 
bic 9kttf)cit, 9icttigfcit 

396. n c u , 7iew 

nculid), (newly) lately, recently 
ncuerbingg, (a new thing) of late 
bic 9ieu^cit, novelty; Sicuigfcit, 

news 
bic 9ieucrung, innovation 
bag 9Jcujal)r; bcr Slcuting, novice 
crncucn, renovate; crncucrn, renew 
bic ©rncucrung 

397. n i d) t , {naught) not 

nic^tig, invalid, void; bic 9iid)tig=^ 

fcit 
bcrnidjten, destroy; bic S8crni^= 

tung 
nici^tg, nothing 
nid)tgtt)iirbtg ( worthy) , vile 
bic 9iic^tghjitrbigfcit 



146 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



398. niebcr, (bc-ncath) low 

ntcbcrgcfcl)Iaflcn (cast), dejected 

bie 9Uci)cr8cfrf)Iagcnf)ctt 

fief) uiebcrlaffcn, (let oneself down) 

settle; bic 9Jtcbcrlaffung 
nicbcrtradjtig, (dragging down) 

vile 
bic 9Jiebcrtrod^t 
niebrig, low; bic 9Jiebrigfcit 
bic 9Jicbcrung, lowland 
erntcbrigcn, lower; bic Grnicbrigung, 

humiliation 
ntcbli^, small, nice; bic 9}icblic^= 

hit 
bic ©nobc (GJc'ttabc), (lowering 

towards the person that oiifers 

prayer) grace, mercy 
gndbtg, gracious, merciful 
gnabtgc Srau, — c^ ^^raulein, 

Madam 
bcgnabigcn, pardon; bic S8cgnabt= 

flung 

399. bic 9licte, nut, rivet 

nictcn, rivet 

bic 9lictc, blank (lottery) 

400. bic 9i t , need, neces- 
sity, misery 

nbtig, needy, necessary 
notig I)Ot)en, be in need of 
notigcn, necessitate, compel; bic 

9}iitigung 
notttJCtibig, necessary; bic 9iottt)cn= 

btgfett 



401. bic 9J t c , note, 
printed music 

noticrcn, ouf — , make a memo- 
randum 

bic 9ioti5, memorandum; baS — « 
bud) (book) 

402. bcr 9iufecn, use, 
profit, benefit 

obnufecn, wear out by use; anB — , 

get the best of; be — , use 
bic 2(5nul?ung, 5(u^ — , Sc — 
nufelo;^ (less), bic ^lublofigfcit 
niibe, niifelirf), useful; bic S'liifeUrfifcit 
gcmc^cn (geno^, gcnoffcn), benefit 

by, enjoy 
gcniepar, eatable; bic (ycntcRbarfcit 
bcr (Mcnofj, (co-user) companion 
bcr 58unbc£i(bond)gcno^, ally 
bic OJcnoffcnfcfioft, association 
bcr (ycnuft, enjoyment, profit 
bcr SJieproud), UiicRnuj?, usufruct 

403. b c n , above 
ober, over, upper, chief 
bic Cbcrin, prioress 
bcr Cbcrft, Cbrift {obsolete), colonel 
bic Dbrigfcit, government 
crobcrn, (get on top) conquer 
bcr Girobcrcr, bic (Jrobcrung 

404. f f c n , open, frank 

bic Cffcnl)cit 

offcnbar, evident; bic Cffcnbarung, 

revelation; offcnbarcn, reveal, 
disclose 
Bffncn, open; cr — , reveal, disclose 



STUDY OF THE GEEMAN VOCABULARY 



147 



btc Cffnung, ©r— 

bffcntad), public; bie Cffcnttidjfeit, 

public 
Bcrijffcntlid)cn, publish; btc 2>cr= 

ijffcntUdjung 

405. bo§ £>i, oil 

blig, oily 

ijfcn, cin — , oil, smear 

btc tcljte Dluttg, extreme unction 

406. r b n c n , order, 
arrange, dispose 

oborbttcn, delegate; an—, arrange; 
untcr — , subordinate; tier — , pre- 
scribe 

bic Crbnung, order, arrangement 

bie 5tnorbnuttg, Untcr—, ikr- 

orbentlid), ordinary; ou^cr= 
(extra-) — 

btc Crbcntltd)fcit, tidiness 

bcr 51bgcorbncte, delegate 

ber Stabtttcrorbnctc, member of 
the common council 

407. btc r g c I , organ 
bcr Crganift, orgcin 

408. oricnttcrcn, (find the 
East, get one's bearings) give a 
general idea 

fid} oricnttcrcn, see one's way 

bic Cricnticrung 

409. bcr O r t , place, region 

bcr SBorort, suburb 

btc Crtfd)aft, village, township 



Brtltd), local; bic Crtttdjfcit 
criJrtcrn, (dissolve into places, 
topics) discuss; btc (Jrbrtcrung 

410. bcr «jSa6ft,^apft, pope 
ba^ ^^aOfttum, popedom 
VaOftltd), papftlid), papal 

411. bic <lJad)t, (corn-pact) 

tenure, lease 

pad)ttn, take on lease; t)Cr — , let 

on lease 
btc ^od)tung, Ber- 
ber ^Siidjtcr, tenant, farmer 

412. p a d c n , pack 
btc SScrpadung, packing 
i>a§ &cpad, baggage 
ba-i ^afct, ^add, parcel 
^jarfcn, pick, grasp; on — , grasp 
ba^ '\l^ad, rabble 

413. paffen, fit, be convenient 
anpaffcn, try on; fid) an — , adapt 

oneself; bic Slnpaffung 
c^ pa^t fid) ntd)t, t§ tft unVoffenb, it 

is improper 
unpii^Itd), indisposed; bic Unpaft= 

ad)fcit 

414. bog ^S c d) , pitch 
et\)id)t auf, (stuck on) greedy 
bic Grptd)t{)cit 

415. btc ^ e t n , pain, torture 
pcintgcn, torment; bcr ^^ctniger, 

bic *Uetnigung 
^jcinltd), painful; btc *45ctnlid)fcit 



148 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



416. b i c 51S c i t f cf) c , whip 
|)citf(t)cn 

417. bte ^crfon, person 

perfbnltrf), bic *4>crfbnU(f)fcit 
pcrfonifijtercn 

418. b i c ^S c ft , pestilence, plague 
bcrpeftcn, infect; bic SBcrpcftung 

419. bcr 515 fob, path 
p^atloS (less), bcr ^'fabfinbcr 

420. t>a§ 5JSfonb, pawn, pledge 

ba^ Unter^jfnnb, pledge, mortgage 
(jfonbcn, seize; tier—, pawn 
bte *^fanbung, S8cr— 
ba^ ^fonbcrfvtcl, forfeit game 
^fiinbtiar, distraiuable 

421. bcr ^farrcr, parson 

bic ^Sfarrc, ^farrct, parsonage 
bo^ 5|Sfarrfinb (child), parishioner 

422. pfcifcu (pftff, gc'- 
Vfiffcn), (fife, pipe) whistle, 
pipe 

ou^^jfcifcn, hiss 

bic *45fctfc, pipe, whistle 

bcr *.)Jfcifcr 

pfifftg, (pointing the lips as if to 

whistle) cunning, crafty 
bic ^fiffigfeit, bcr «13fiffifu^ 

423. bic <)S f I a n 3 c , plant 
bcr ^ISflanjcr, planter 



pflan^cn, plant; an — , lay out; fort= 
— , propagate; ttcr — , transplant 
bic ^flansung, 3(n — , 58cr— , "^-oxt— 
has *4.*f(dn5(t)cu, spoiled child 

424. b a 'o *4J f ( a ft c r , plaster 

^jflaftcrn 

ba^ Straftcnvflaftcr, pavement 
bcr *4Jf(aftcrftcin, flagstone 
pflaftcrn, pave; bic *4SfIaftcrung 

425. p f I c g c n , handle, nurse, 

cultivate a habit 

tjcrpftcgcn, nurse; bic !!8crpf(cgung 
bic *4Sflcge, care, nursing 
bcr *.^f(cgc»atcr, foster-father 
bcr ^Jftcgling, foster-child 
bcr ftranfcnpflcgcr, bic — in, 
trained nurse 

426. b i c *U f li (J) t , (plight) duty 

bcrpf(id)tcn, oblige; bic aScrpfIi(f)= 
tung 

427. bcr <l?{jotogro<)l^ 

photographer 

bic <|S()otograpf)tc, pI)otogropt)icrcn 

428. bcr ^ inf cl, {pencil) 
paint brush 

ptnfcin, paint 

bic *4Jinfclci, daubing 

429. bic ^ I a g c, plague, 
vexation 

:plagcn, plague; fjcf) ab— , drudge 
bic *4?Iogcrci, toil, vexation 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



149 



^jlocfen, fic^ ab 
toil, vexation 



430. h ^: r ^lan, plan, design 

plancn, plan, design 

btc ^(onc, cloth cover 

ber *4Stflntt'flflcn, prairie schooner 

431. platt, flat, level, 

plain, even 

btc «^Iottc, plate; bic %iait\)t\i, 

platitude, insipidity 
*)5Iattbcutfcf), Low German 
bcr, bic ^(attbcutfd)C 
^jlattcrbing!^, flatly, absolutely 
:plattcn, flatten, iron 
bic *45lattcrin, ironing woman 

432. bcr $ I a Ij , place, 

square (city) 

^la^ ncl)mcn, take a seat 
:ptobcn, (explode) burst, crack 
bcr ^la^rcgcn (rain), shower 

433. plaubcrn, chat, prattle 

ou^ploubcrn, give away; Dcr — , 

prattle away 
btc ^laubcrct, chat 
plaubcrt)aft, talkative; btc $faubcr= 

I)oftigfcit 
ba^ ©cplaubcr, continual tattling 

434. )) I u tt b c r tt , plunder 

bcr *JSIiinbcrcr, btc ^liittbcruitg 
bcr *4JI«nbcr, worthless stuff 



435. bcr $ 6 c I , ( people) 
mob, rabble 

pbticl^aft, plebeian, vulgar 

436. p It c r c tt , polish 
bcr ^olicrcr, btc ^olitur 

437. btc qS 1 1 1 i f , politics 
bcr ^olittfcr, :po(ittfd) 

438. btc ^ n 5 c t , police force 

bcr ^JJoItsift, policeman 

bcr (yc()Ctitt( secret) poUjift, detective 

439. b a ^ «^ I ft c r , bolster, 

cushion 
bcr ^olftcrcr, upholsterer 
bcr ^Solftcrftul)!, stuffed chair 
^jolftcrn, bic ^olftcruttg 

440. btc *^t)faunc, (bassoon), 

trumpet 

aulpofauitcn, trumpet forth, di- 
vulge 

441. btc ^ f f C , (boss, em-boss) 

jest, farce, comedy 

bcr 5)So|Tcitrctftcr (rctfecn, write), 

buffoon 
poffcitliaft, farcical 
:pofnerIid), ludicrous 

442. btc ^ ft , post, post- 
office, mail 

ba^ 5Uoftontt (office), bic —forte 
(card), bcr — 5Ug (train) 



ISO 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bcr SBcItpofttJcrcin, universal postal 

union 
^)0ftIagcrnb (Itegcn, lie), general 

delivery 
bcr iJSoftiUion 
poftttlifcJ), postal 

443. p r a rf) t i g , brilliant, splendid 

bic *4.^rad)t, splendor 

)jra(t)t00ll, splendid 

prunfcn, prink, parade; bet 5J5runf, 

ostentation 
VrunfJjaft, showy 

444. V r a g c n , mint, coin 

flu^gcpragt, well-developed; ein= 

prfigcn, imprint, impress 
bic *4>rflgung, coinage; t>ai ©epragc, 

stamp 

445. ^jr t) I en, (brawl) 
brag, boast 

ber $raf)lcr, braggard; bie $raf)= 

lerei 
<jral)lerifd), boastful 

446. ber ^rcbigcr 

predicant, preacher 

bic ^rebtgt, sermon 
Vrcbigcn, preach 

447. bcr 5|S r e i § , price, prize 
^Jrei^gebcn, (give as a prize) give up 
<>rctfcu (prie^, gcpricfcn), praise 
onvrctfcn, advertise; bic 5(nprctfung 
:prci^gcfront (crown), having been 
awarded a prize 



448. bic ^ r c f f c , pres^ 

au^'prcffcn, cr — , extort 
bie Grprcffung 

449. bcr *45ricftcr, priest 

bie *4Sricftcrin, pricftcrlit^ 
ha§ 5lJricftertum, priesthood 

450. bic ^S r 6 C , ( probe) ex- 
periment, trial, rehearsal 

probiercn, try, taste; nn — , try on 

451. bcr 5JSrofeffor 

professor 

bie ^rofeffur, professorship 

452. bcr <)5roVl)et, prophet 

bie ^roptictittr prop()ctifd) 
propt)C5eien, bic *4>roV()C5ciuug 

453. bcr ^rotiiant, provi- 

sions, stores 

ttcrprotjianticren, provision 

454. bcr ^rojcR, process, 

trial, lawsuit 

projefficren, litigate 

455. p r ii f c n , (probe) test, 

examine 
bie ^riifung 

456. bic ^umpc, pump 
pumpcn, pump 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



151 



457. bcr *JJunft, {pund-ual) 
point, dot, period 

punfticrcn, dot 

piinftticf), punctual; bic ^IJunftltd^fcU 

btc Jntcrpunftion, punctuation 

intcrpitnftiercn 

458. ^ u ij c n , clean, polish, 
adorn 

bcr %\x%, finery 

bic $u^mad)crin, milliner 

459. bic Cl u a I , pain, torment, 
affliction 

qualtiott, painful 
()ud(cn, torture, vex 
bic Cuatcrci, torture 

460. boi Cucrffilficr 

quicksilver 

crquiden, (quicken, enliven) re- 
fresh 
bic Grquirfung, refreshment 
uncrquid(i(^, uncomfortable 
Ucrquicfcn, amalgamate; bic 2Ser= 

quicfung 
bic Qucdc, quick-grass 
fccf, quick, pert; bic ^C(ff|cit 

461. b i e Quelle, -well, spring, 

fountain, source 

qucUcn {([uo\i, gcquoQen), spring 
from, well 

462. qucr, (queer) cross, oblique 

tjcrqucr, obliquely 

bcr Cucrfopf (head), queer fellow 



burdiqucrcn, traverse 

in bic Cvucre fommcn, interfere 

463. q u c t f dj c n , squeeze, 
squash, bruise 

Scrquctfd^cn, crush, squash 

bic Cuctfdiung, bruise, contusion 

464. q u i 1 1 , quit, rid 
HUttticrcn, receipt; bic Cuithing 

465. bcr JH a t) e , raven 
bcr Staple, black horse 

466. bic 9i a d)C, (wreak) 
revenge, vengeance 

rotten, bcr 3iad)cr 

467. ia§ Olab (JR fiber) 

wheel 

t)a§ j^tt^rrab ( ride) , bicycle 
bcr 9{abtcr, 9iabfa()rcr, cyclist 
rabcin, ride a wheel 
cin sttjcirfiberigcr SBagcn 
rabcrn, break on the wheel 
rabcbrccf)cn (rcbcn, talk), have a 
smattering of a foreign language 

468. ro bier en, erase, etch 

bie ftjnbicritng, etching 
has DJabicrgummi, eraser 

469. has Otabic^c^ctt 

radish 

bcr DIcttig, large black radish 



152 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



470. r g c n , tower, be prominent 

rcgcn, (cause to be erect) stir, 

agitate 
onrcflcn, incite; auf— , er— , excite 
bic Oicgung, movement, emotion, 

agitation 
rcgfam, agile; bic 9tcgfamfcit 
regung^to^, motionless 
bic Stnrcgung, inspiration; bic 

crrcgOar, irritable; bic ©rrcgborfeit 

471. bcr 9} anb (9Janbcr) 

(rim) edge, border, margin 

ficronbcrn, urn — , border, edge 

bic JHinbc, rind, bark, crust 

(bread) 
obrinben, take off the bark 

472. rafd), (rash) speedy, swift 

bic JRofctificit 

iiticrrafd)cn, surprise; bic U6cr= 
rafd)ung 

473. r a f en, rave, rage 
bic JJJafcrci, madness, frenzy 

474. bic 9J ft , rest, repose 

roftcn; roftlo^ (less), bic JRaftfofig^ 
fcit 

475. rotcn (rict, gcratcn), 

(read riddles, interpret Runes, 
hence) suggest meanings, dis- 
cuss, advise 

abratcn, disadvise; on — , advise; 



dc — , give advice; fid) tic — , ad- 
vise each other, consult; tier — , 
advise wrongly, betray 
bcr Scratcr, adviser; bic SBcratung, 

consultation 
bcr JScrrat, treason; bcr !iCcrratcr 
bcrriitcrifd), treacherous 
ratfam, advisable; bic Diatfamfcit 
i>a§ DJiitfcI, riddle, puzzle 
errotcn, guess; ratfclf)aft, puzzle- 
some 
cntratfcln, decipher; bic ©ntrfitf clung 
bcr 9xOt (9{dtc), counselor, adviser 
bcr 9tot, (as a body) council 
bcr 23Unbc^( bond) rot, federal coun- 
cil 
bcr 9iot (9Jotfrf)Idgc), advice 
bcrotftf)Iagcn, deliberate; bic 23c= 

ratfd)[agung 
bo^ 9Jotl)OU^, city hall 
rot, in the following compounds, 

means thing, matter 
bcr ^OUi^rot, furniture 
bcr Unrot, garbage; bcr SSor — , 

things before one, provisions 
tiorratig, in store, on hand 
bfl^ ©crot, tools 

bic @erfltfd)oftcn, (plur.) imple- 
ments 

476. r u b c n , rob 

bcroubcn, deprive 

bcr 9}aut), robbery, prey; bcr 
OJoubcr; bcr 6cc(sea)raul)cr, pi- 
rate 

routtcrifd), rapacious 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



153 



477. r u I) , rough, hoarse 

btc 9({au£)igfcit, 9JauI)cit 

bic 3ioud&tt)aren, (rough wares) furs 

478. b c r 9? U m , room, space 
bcr 3'l'iftftcn( between) roum, inter- 
val 
raumcn, make room, evacuate 
Ctnrnumcn, (make room) concede 
btc (Jinrfiumung, concession 
anbcraumcn, make room for, fix 

a date 
bic Stnbcraumung 
aufgcraumt, (cleared) cheerful 
bte 'JJufgcraumtfjcit 
bcr SRoumcr, cleanser 
raumlicf), roomy; bie 9iaumItd)feU, 

locality 
flcrdumig, spacious; btc (ycraunttg= 
itxi 

479. tcd^ncn, reckon, calcu- . 
late, figure 

bte fRecfjitung, calculation, bill 
bte 9Jecf)cnfd)aft, account 
bcrccf)ttett, calculate; btc !i8crcd)nung 
bercd)ttcitb, mercenary 
uiibcredjcnbar, incalculable 

480. r c d) t , right 

aufrccf)t, upright, erect; gc — , just; 
un — , wrong 

bte (iJcrcdjtigfctt, justice 

bo^ l!Rccf)t, right, claim, title 

bic 9tcd)te, {plur.) law 

bo0 Ultrcc^t, wrong; JBor — , privi- 
lege 



bcr 9ied)t{)ttbcr, quarrelsome person 

bic Dkcfttfiabcrci, rccf)t{)abcrif(^ 

rc^tctt, contest, dispute 

rccf)tfcrttgcn, justify; btc 9Jcc^tfcr> 
tiguitg 

rcd)tlicf), legitimate, honest 

bic 9{ccf)tltd)fcit, rectitude, honesty 

rcdjttttfi^ig, (measured by law) 
lawful 

rcdjtlo^, lawless; bic SfJcc^tlofigfcit 

bcrccf)tigctt, entitle, authorize 

bic S^ercdjtiguitg 

bcr 9icd)t^aitttinlt (rtJoUcn, wield, 
govern), attorney 

boi^ ©cric^t, court of justice, tri- 
bunal 

gcrirfitlidj, legal; ou^er — , out of 
court 

bttig Slricg^( war) gcri^t, court- 
martial 

bcr 9iicf)tcr, judge 

bcr St^arf( sharp) rid^tcr, execu- 
tioner 

rid)tcit, f)in — , string up, execute; 
bic A?ittrid)tung 

ri(f)tig, right, correct; bie JRid)tig= 
fcit 

bcridjtigcn, correct; bic Scritfitigung 

ttufridjtig, sincere; bic 9JufricI)tigfeit 

ricfjtcit, direct; bic 9{ic^tuttg 

bcricf)tcn, (make right, prepare) 
report 

bcr Scrirf)t, report 

bic 9Jacf)ric{)t, (direction to) noti- 
fication 

bcnad)rid)tigcn, bic Scnat^rit^ttflunQ 

utitcrridjtctt, instruct 



154 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIEXTIFIC 



bcr Untcrrid)t, instruction 
bav Wertd)t (put up), dish 
ctnrid)tcn, (prepare the interior) 

furnish 
bic (Sinridjtung 

481. r c b c n , talk, speak 

onrcbcn, talk to; be—, iibcr— , 
5U — , persuade; fid) iintcr — , talk 
among each other, converse; 
ticrot) — , agree 

bic 5(nrebc 

bic iibcrrcbung, Untcr— , S^croti— 

bic 3icbe, speech 

bcr JKcbncr, speaker, orator 

rcbncrifd), oratorical 

rcbfelig, loquacious; bic 9tebfcng= 
fcit 

bcrcbt, eloquent; btc IBcrcbtfamfett 

rcblid), (inclined to talk) frank, 
honest 

btc OJcbUdjfctt 

bic Dicbcrci, gossip 

482. bic 9J c g c t , (regid-ate) 
rule 
rcgcHO'5 (less), irregular 
rcgctmajjig, (measured by rules) 

regular 
rcgcin, regulate; bic Oicgclung 
rcgulicrcn, bic JRcguIicrimg 

483. bcr Oicgcn, rain 
bcr JRcgcnbogcn (bow) 
rcgnerifd), rainy 

rcgncn, rain; tier — , be spoiled by 
rain 



484. bcr 5)i c g c u t , regent 

bic flkgcntfdjaft, regency 
rcgicrcn, govern; bic i){cgicrung 

485. rcibcn (ricb, gcric* 
ben), rub {rive) 

ob( off) rcibcn, cin(in) — ; jcr — , 

grind 
bic flicibung, friction; 9(b — , Gin — 
bic IlHcibcrci, friction, falling out 
gcricbcn, shrewd; bic ©cricbcnfjcit 

486. r e i rf) , rich 

bcr OJeid)tum, riches 
rcid)Iid), copious; — Ijattig (hold- 
ing) , abundant 
bic l!){cid)(id)fcit, 9icid)I)aIttgfcit 
bercidjcrn, enrich; bic 2?crcic^crung 

487. ba^ Oicid), (Cf. Lat. rex, 
king) kingdom, empire, realm 

bo^ Jjaifcrrcid), empire; Jjiinig — , 
kingdom; *JJfI(in3cn — , vegetable 
kingdom; Sicr — , animal king- 
dom 

488. r c i d) c n , reach 

au#rcid)cn, (reach out) be suffi- 
cient; cr — , reach, attain; iibcr= 
— , hand over 

()inrcid)cnb, (reaching there) suffi- 
cient 

bic nbcrrcid)ung 

crrcid)bnr, attainable; bic @rrct(^= 
barfcit 



STUDY OF THE GEE MAN VOCABULARY 



155 



c^ flcrcirfjt mir jur 6-t)rc, I consider 

it an honor 
bcr, ba^ 23crcicf), reach, extent, 

range, realm, field 
rcrfcn, stretch, rack 
bo^ JRcrf, rack, wooden horse 

489. r c i f , ripe, mature 

frut)( early) rctf, premature 

rciflicf), mature(ly) 

bic }){cifc, ripeness, maturity 

rcifen, mature, ripen 

flcrcift, mature; bic ©crcift^cit 

490. b t e 9t e i {) c , row, array 

bic 5Rcif)cnfotgc (follow), succession 
rci()Cn, rank, file; cttl — , insert 
bic ®nrci()ung 

bcr 9{ctl)cn, Okigcn, dance in long 
rows 

491. bcr JR ci m, rhyme 

bcr Sto6(stave)reim, alliteration 

rcinicn, rhyme, agree 

rctm(0!§ (less), blank; ungcrcimt 

492. rein, {rinse) clean, pure 

bic 9}cinl)cit, cleanliness 
rcinlid), cleanly; bic Jlicinttc^feit 
rcinigcn, clean; bic Okinigung 
ticrunrcinigcu, soil; bic 9.>crunrcini= 
gung 

493. rcifen, {rise) travel 

abrcifcn, depart; bcr — , leave town 
bcr iHeifcnbc, traveler 



bic SRcifc, trip, journey 

bcr Oicifigc, trooper, horseman 

494. rcifen (ri^, gcrtf = 
fen), {write, scratch characters) 
tear, pull 

ba^ 9{ci^( writing) Drett, drawing 

board 
bcr OJiji, rent, crevice 
bcr 5tbrifj, (tear off) fragment, 

brief summary; Um( about) — , 

outline; ©d)attcn — , silhouette 
rcijcn, irritate, stimulate 
rcijenb, charming 
anrcijen, instigate; ouf — , incite 
bic 5tnrci5ung, ?luf — 
gcrci§t, rci^bar, sensitive, irritable 
bic (ycrci5tl)cit, SHcijbarfcit 
bcr OictJ, stimulus, charm 
rci3»oU (full), attractive; — loS, 

unattractive 
bic aicislofigtcit 
ti^cn, scratch, cleave 
bcr OJil?, bic 9Ji^c, crack, fissure 

495. rcitcn (ritt, gerit=: 

ten), ride {on horseback) 

ber tHcitcr, bic Okitcrin 

bic Oicitcrei, cavalry 

ber 9iitt, ride; 83c— , squad 

rittling^, astraddle 

bcr JRitter, knight; ia^ — gui 

(goods), knight's fee, manor 
bcritten, mounted 
rittcrHcf), chivalrous; bic 9{itterli(^= 

fcit 



156 



A PRACTICAL GCTDE TO A SCTENTIFIC 

501. 5ic gjcDandjc, revenge 



496. r c n f c n , urench, btnd 
au^rcnfcn, dislocate; tin — , put in 

Dcr — , sprain 
I»ic iPcircrfuBg 
Kic iKfinfe, ( plur.) crookedness, in- 502 r i c ct c n > r o * , g e r o ^ 



fidj rccanAtcrcn, reciprocate a 
favor 



trigue 
Nrr JHanfcidjmtcD (smitli). schemer. 

plotier 

497. rcnncn (rannic, gc- 

r a n n t), run 
Dtt? 3icnnen, £>ett(bet» — . race 
bic 9icnnbabn ( track) 
rtmicn {tana, gcroraicnl, (run) flow, 

leak 
geriraicn, coagulate 
I»ic iRinnc, Dcr 3\innftciH (stone), 

gutter 
blutrumng, bleeding, bloody 

498. bic aicftauratton 
restaur ant 
bcT fRciiaurarcnT, caterer 



d) c nl, (refk) smeU 

bcricdicn, smell at 

bcr C>icrudj, odor 

raucbcn, reek, smoke 

l>cr 'Haucbcr, smoker; '?ticbt — , 

non-smoker 
rantficnt, fumigate 
rSucberig, smoky 

503. Dcr JR t c g e I , {rail) 

ricgcln, per — , bolt 

504. Dcr 3i i c f c, gianl 
ricftg, gigantic 

505 . r i c f c i n , drizsle 
bcricfcln, irrigate; bic ipcricfclung 



499. r c r t c n , {rid) free, 
iz::. rescue 

crrcncn, rescue 

bcr 9icricr, Gr — , rescuer 

bic Sicmnig. (Pr — , rescue, salvation 

t>as Sicmingrboot, life-boat: bcr bcr 9iingfampfcr 

— giiricl (girdle), life-preser^-er 
rctning?I&? tlessK past help 



506. bcr Si i n g , ring 

ringdn, curl 

bcr 9itngfampf (fight), wrestling 
match 



507 ringcn trang, gcrun = 
gem, '^rjng, uresiie, struggle 

500. bic Otcuc, irut) repentance crrtngen, obtain by exertion 



rcuig, rcumiirig i bcr SRiit, mood), 

— CDoU, rueful, repentant 
reucn, bcrcuen, repent 



bic (frrungcnfdjaft, achievement 

ranfcn, ramp 

bic JHanfc, shoot of vine 



STUDY OF THE GERALIN VOCABULARY 



157 



508. Die M i P p e , rib 
iia? (>)crippc, skelcion 

509. robcn rentcni, au = — 

r:f-: r::: up 

6a3 3xoI«lanI), ..v^odland turned 

into arable 
5crruncn, shatter; bie ^frniitung 
riittcln, auf — , shake, jolt 
ausrotten, exterminate: Die ?lu5= 

rotrung 

510. r i i e a , tM 
lie iKoIle, roU. part (play) 

511. Die :>i f e , rose 
rouQ, riiv 

&ie i^inDroie, compass card 
rofa, rose-colored 
Compare: "^^ 91 OB (9ioffc), horse 
bie S'ioff, erysipelas 

512. Dor 3t oft , rM5f 

ro'tiq, rusty: Dcrroften, get nistj' 
Dcr ^rat(fry)roft, gridiron 
rofien, roast, grill 

513. rot, red 

bie 'Eote, reii^cis, red color 
rotlidj, reddish 
ber JHotcI, red crayon 
bie 'Kotela, red measles 
crroten, turn red. blush 

514. b i e "Ti D 1 1 e , roul, 
ft(^ jufammcniorten, band together 



515. luden, yrock, rocking- 
chair) moze, adzancc 
Dorrurfcn, advance 
Dtrriicft, unbalanced, crazy 
bcr iBcrriicftc, Me Scrrfitftfieit 
ber ^Rucf, jerk, jolt 
rucfinetfe, by jerks 

516. bcr 9Ju(fen, {ridge) back 

rutflings, backward; — toort^, 

backward 
tlicterriidf?, from behind 
yiriicf, back 
ber iBcrg( mountain I rnrfctt, ridge 

517. b a 5 dtuber, {rudder) oar 

bcr Stubcrcr, rower: Trex — , trireme 

mbcrn, row 

ba? SSctt(bet)rubcni, rowing race 

518. rufcn Tier, gcru^ 
fc>), caU 

bcr iRuf, call, reputation 
ber JBcruf, vocation; btTurUA, vo- 
cational 
bic ^ era rang, appointment, appeal 
Derrufen, ill-reputed 
ba^ (ricrudit, rumor 
gcriittitiDcife, bj' way of rumor 
Tudibar, notorious 
Qirriidiig, ill-reputed 
berucbrigt, notorious 

519. bi e 9i u be (9t act, resl) 

ruben, rest, slter 

fi(^ ou^ruljea, .-iic a rest; bt — 



158 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



auf, be based upon; gc — , (have 

a care for) deign (reck) 
ni()cIo^, restless; bic Siuficlofigfcit 
nil)ig, quiet, peaceful 
l)crH{)igcit, calm, reassure; btc i8c= 

rul)igung 
6cunrul)tgcu, alarm; bic S8eunrut)i= 

gung 

520. b c r 9t u () m , glory, 
fa me, renown 

rii()mlid^, glorious 

rii()men, glorify 

b(xai)mt, famous; bic 23cruf)mtf)cit 

621. r ii i) r c n , ( up-roar) stir, 
mo ve 

nufruftrcn, stir up; Oe — , touch; 

urn — , stir; 3cr — , pulverize 
ru()rcnb, moving, touching 
riifirig, active; bic 9}ii{)rtgfeit 
riiljrfam, emotional; bic 5Rii()rfam= 

fcit 
bic 9tiif)rung, ©criiOrtfjcit, emotion 
23criif)rung, touch 
bic 9iuf)r, (stirring of the bowels) 

dysentery 
bcr 5IufruI)r, uproar, rebellion 
bcr 3lufrii()rcr, aufrii()rerif(^ 

522. r u n b , round 

runbUd), roundish 
runbcn, round; ab( off) — 
bic 9}unbung, 9(b — 

523. bic JJiunscI, wrinkle 
runjctll, wrinkle, knit one's brow 



524. r ii ft c It , prepare, fit, equip 

aus*riiftcn, fit out; ju — , prepare 

bic Di'iiftimg, armamant 

bic 5(u^'riii"tung, 3u — 

bic ^liiftfammcr (chamber), armory 

btt^i (ycriift, scaffold, stage 

cntriiftct, (disarmed, embarrassed) 

indignant 
bic (fntriiftung 
riiftig, robust 
bic 9{iiftigfctt 

525. bic S a c!^ C , (sake) thing, 

matter, affair 

ffld^Iicfj, to the point, business-like 

facl)(id), neuter ( gender) 

bic ^oupt(head)facf)C, principal 
thing 

bic 9icben(side)fad)C, subordinate 
matter 

I)auptfacf|fid), principal ly) 

ncfacnffidind), immaterial 

bic Urfad)c, (original matter) cause 

Ucnirfad)cn, cause 

fad)funbig (fcnncn, know), expert 

fad)»3crftdnbig (ttcrftct)cn, under- 
stand) , expert 

bcr (Sac^ttcrftanbigc, expert 

526. bcr ©ad, sack, bag 

einfadcn, cinfarfcin, (put into a 
sack) pocket 

527. f a c n , sow 

bcr SSmann, sower 

bic Soot, seed; 'H\i§ — , seed corn 



STTTDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



159 



bet Somen, seed 
bic Samerci, nursery 

528. b e r Soft, sap, juice 

faftig, juicy; bic Softtgfcit 
foftlo^ (less), bic Sflftlofigfcit 

529. f g c n , say, tell 
obfogcn, countermand; ouf — , re- 
cite; OU^ — , declare, state; cnt — , 
renounce; gut — , approve; ^cr — , 
recite; untcr — , interdict, forbid; 
bcr — , refuse; tiorou^ — , predict; 
hjci^ — , prophesy; 5U — , promise 
bic 3lbfflgc 
bic Gntfagung, Untcr — , Ser — , 

syorout^— , 5Bci^— 
bcr SSci^fogcr, (wiseacre) prophet 
bic 3ogc, saga, tradition, legend 
fagcnfjoft, mjlhical, fabuluos 
unfogbar, unfoglicf), unspeakable 
bt\aqt, before mentioned 

530. f g c n , saw 
bic Sdgc, saw 

531. bic 3 ( b c , salve, 
ointment 

bic colbung, anointment 
foIbung^DoH, unctuous, pathetic 
folbcn, cin — , anoint, embalm 
bic ©inffllbung 

532. f m m c I n , gather 

bcr Sommlcr, collector 
bic Sommlung, collection 
jufommen, together 



fomt, together with 
fomtlirf), complete; jointly 
gefomt, collected, aggregate 
bic ©efomtfjcit, sum total 

533. bcr 3 n b , sand 

fonbig, sandy 

tjcrfonbcn, be choked up with sand 

bic SJcrfonbung 

534. fonft (fo = n = ft, fodjt, 

soft) gentle 

bic Sonft^eit, gentleness 
bic 3onftmut (mood), meekness 
fanftmiitig, gentle, meek 
bcfonftigcn, appease; bic S8cfanftt= 

gung 

bic 3flnftc, sedan-chair 
foc^t, soft, slow, not loud 

535. bcr 3 r g , [sarcophagus) 

coffin 

cinforgcn, put into the cofl&n 

536. f 1 1 , {sad, sat-iate) satisfied 
fattfam, sufficiently, enough 

bic Sott()eit, satiety 
fottigcn, satiate 
bic 3attigung 
iibcrfottigen, surfeit 
uncrffittlid), insatiable; bic Uncr=> 
fattlid)fcit 

537. bcr 3 1 1 e I , saddle 
bcr 3atttcr, bic — ci (shop) 
fottcin, ouf — ; um — , change one's 

course 



i6o 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



538. f u c r , (sober) clean, 
neaL elegant 

bic SauticrfcU 

faubcrlicf), softly, properly 

fdubcrn, clean; bte SauOerung 

539. f u c r , sour 

bcr Soucrftoff (stufT), oxygen 
ticrfaucrn, get rusty 
foucrticf), acidulous 
bic Sourc, acid 

540. faugen (fog, gc = 
f g c n), suck, soak 

auffnugen, ctn — , absorb; ou^ — , 

exhaust 
fougcn, (cause to suck) suckle 
ber Saugting, infant; ba^ — Salter 

( age) , infancy 
"ba^ Sougctier (animal), mammal 

541. bcr S u m , scam, 
hem, border, edge 

foumcn, hem, border, put to the 

border, delay, tarry 
ctnfdumcn, hem; »cr — , put off, 

neglect, miss 
boi^ Saumticr, beast of burden 

542. f d) a b c n , shave, 
scrape, rub 

fc^Sbig, shabby; bic Sd)obigfcit 
bic Sc^uppc, scale, scurf 

543. bcr © d) d) t , shaft, pit 
ousifcf)ad)ten, excavate 



544. f (^ b c n , [scathe) hurt, 
injure 

frf)abf)oft, defective; bic Sdjobfjof^ 
Hgfctt 

fdldbltd), injurious; bic £(ftablid)feit 

fc^abfo^, without loss 

bic £(f)ablo0()a(tung (hold), com- 
pensation 

ber Sd)abcncrfa^ (crfcfecn, offset), 
damages 

fdjobcnfrol) (glad), malicious 

bic Scf)abcnfrcubc 

bcfd)dbigen, damage; cnt — , indem- 
nify 

bic Scfcfjdbigung, (?nt — 

545. 'aa^ £ d) f , sheep 
bcr Sd)dfer, bic — in 

546. fd)ttffcn (fd)uf, ge = 
fdjoffcn), shape, create 

crfd)affcn, create; bic (?rfd)offung 

bcfd)affcn, (shaped) constituted 

bic S8cfd)affcnl)cit, quality 

bcr Sdjaffncr, steward, railroad 
guard 

'ba^ ©cfdidft, business 

gcfdjdftlid), on business, business- 
like 

9cfd)dftig, active; bic OJcfdidftigfcit 

bcfdjdftigcn, employ; bic 58cfd)dfti= 

flung 
fd)affen, [reg) shift, remove 
oO(o£f)fd)affcn, abolish; an—, 6e— , 

tier — , procure; fort — , hjcg — . 

remove 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



i6i 



bic Stbfdjaffung, 3(n— 

Sort— aScg— 
f(f)bpfen, shape, create 
bcr Sdjopfcr, creator; bic (Bit)op= 

fung 
ba§ ©ef^bpf, creature 
fdjbpfcn, scoop, draw 
crfd)Opfcn, scoop out, exhaust 
bic ©rfd^b^jfung, exhaustion 

547. f rf) a I , stale, insipid 
bte Sd)alf)dt 

548. bic ® (f| a I c , shell, scale, 

peel, cup, bowl 
bcrf^alcn, furnish with a shell or 

cover 
bic SBcrfdjatung 
fdjiilen, ab — , shell, peel 

549. bcr S rf) a I ( , sound, 
ring 

crfdjaltcn, ring out 
t)Crfd)oflcn, (rung out, not heard 
of) considered dead 

550. f d^ a I t c n , insert 
cinfdjaltcn, insert; bic 6-infcf)attung 
t>a§ S(f|altial)r, leap-year 
bcr ©goiter, little sliding win- 
dow 

551. bic ® c^ a m , shame 

bic Sdjanbc, disgrace, infamy 
fd)anb(i((), shameful; bic (Sci^anb= 

Iid)fcit 
fdlfinbcn, dishonor 



f(^am^oft, bashful; bic Sd^amfjaf^ 

tigfcit 
f(f)amfo^, impudent; bic (£^om= 

lofigfcit 
fid) fd)amcn, be ashamed 
bcfd)flmcn, make ashamed 
Ucrfdjomt, bashful; bic S8crfd)amt= 

i)cit 
unttcrfcl)omt, impudent; bic Unttcr= 

frf)amtf)cit 

552. f d^ a r f , sharp, keen 

bic ®d)orfc, sharpness, severity 
fdjfirfcn, sharpen, whet 
cinfdjSrfcn, impress; ttcr — , render 

more severe 
bic Sllcrfdiarfung 

553. f d) a r r C n , (plough-share) 

rake, scrape 

ou^fd)arrcn, dig up; ein — , bury 
anfdjirrcn, harness; o6 — , unhar- 
ness 
bo^ @cfd)irr, harness 
ba^ ©cfdjirr, vessel, crockery 

554. bic Sd^artc (fd)crcn, 

shear) , notch, fissure 

fd^artig, jagged, full of notches 

555. bcr Sd^attcn 

shadow, shade 

fd)ttttig, shady 

bcfdjattcn, shade, shadow; bic S8c= 

fd)attung 
fd)atticrcn, shade, shadow; bic 

Sdjatticrung 



l62 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



556. b c r S d) b , trcasuro 

bcr St^io^, ba^ Sd)nfed)cn, (en- 
deared treasure) sweetheart 

fcf)ai?cn, esteem, value 

abf(i)di^cn, estimate; cin — , assess; 
iibcr — , overvalue; untcr — , un- 
dervalue 

bic ®d)ofeung, "Jlfi — , 6in — , 
iitier — , Untcr — 

fdlfifebar, estimable 

branbfdjobcn, damage by fire 

bic SBranbfdjaftung 

557. bcr 3d)0uber 

shudder, horror 

fdjaubcrl)aft, horrible 
fdjaubcrn, shudder, shiver 

558. f d) a u c n , {show) view, 

look, see 

on(at)fd^aucn; be — , view; burrf)= 
(through) — , penetrate; um= 
(about) — ; JU — , watch 

bic Sc^OU, view, show 

has Sd)aufenftcr ( window) ; — f^jtcl, 
play 

bcr Scljaufpictcr, actor; bic — in 

btc 9{u^fd)au, outlook; Urn — , re- 
view 

onfdiaulid), clear, vivid, evident 

bcfd)aund), contemplative; bic ^C= 
fdjauHdjfcit 

559. bcr Sd)oum, (scum) 

foam, froth 

fd^fiumcn, scum, skim, foam, 



spa 



-h}'. 



560. bic 8 d) c i 6 c , (shive) slice, 
disk, target, pane 

bic t^cnftcrfdjcibc, window-pane 

561. bic Scftcibc, sheath, 
scabbard 

fdjcibcn (fd)icb, gcfd)icbcn), shed, 

separate, divorce 
ent)d)cibcn, separate dissimilar 

plans, decide; Ucr — , die; un= 

tcr — , distinguish 
bcr 3(bfd)icb, departure 
t)crabfd)icben, dismiss 
o()gcfd)icbcn, retired 
bic 5(l)gci'd)tcbcnl)cit 
bic 9(u^fd)cibung, secretion 
ticfd)cibcn, secretive, modest 
bic l!Scfd)cibcnI)cit 
bcr !i8cfd)cib, keeping things apart, 

finding the right way, giving 

correct information 
bic (fntfdjcibung, decision 
cntfdjicbcn, resolute; bic ©ntfd^ic^ 

bcn()C!t 
bcr Untcrfdiicb, difference 
bic llntcrfdjcibung, distinction 
t)crfd)icbcn, different; bic i?crfd)ic= 

bcn{)cit 
bic £d)cibung, separation, divorce 
bcr Sd)icbv'rid)ter, (deciding judge) 

arbiter 
bcr 3d)cit, (shide) piece of wood 
bcr Sd)citcrl)aiifcn (heap), pyre 
bcr £d)citc(, parting line (hair), 

vertex 
fd)citcln, part the hair 
flcfri)cit, discriminating, clever 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



163 



bie (ycfd)citf)ctt 

fc^citern, (shatter) be wrecked, 
miscarry 

562. fdjcincn (fdjicn, gc = 
f d^ i c n c n), shine, appear, seem 

t)cfd)Ctncn, illuminate; cr — , appear 

bcr ©c^ein, shine, appearance, evi- 
dence, certificate, banknote, bill 

bcr 3(nfd^cin, appearance; 9tugcn= 
(eye) — , inspection 

onfcf)dncnb, apparently 

augenfdieinlid), evidently 

fdjcintiar, ostensible; un — , unas- 
suming 

Befc^etnigcn, make evident, certify 

bic 58cfcf)ctntgimg 

bcr ©dieinttjcrfcr (throw), search- 
light 

563. fcfjcltcn (fdjaU, 
g e f d) ( t c n) , scold 

bic St^cltc, scolding 
unDcfi^oIten, irreproachable 

564. f d^ c n f c n , pour out (in a 
general sense), give a present ■ 

bic Sd^enfc, tavern 

bcr S8erfd)anf, serving of a drink 

fdjcnfcn, be — , present with; tier — , 

give away 
bic ®d)cnfung, donation 
ba§ (ycfcf)cnf, present 

665. f^crcn (fd)or, flc = 
f d) D r c n) , shear 

bie ©d^crc, shears, scissors 



bie Severe, shafts of a carriage 

566. f d) e u , shy, timid 

bic Sdjeu, shyness 

bcr 9((ifd)CU, horror; bic SSJaffcr — , 

hydrophobia 
al)fd)cu(id), abominable 
t)crabfd)eucn, abominate 
fd)cucn, be shy, shun, avoid 
basi Sc^CUfal, monster 
fd)cu^Iic^, hideous; bic Sd)cu^(id)fcit 
fd)eud)cn, tier — , scare away 
fdjiidjtcrn, timid 
einfd)iid)tcrn, intimidate; bic (Sin= 

fd)iid)tcrung 

567. fdjtcbcn (fd^ofi, gc = 
f d) I) c n), shove, shift, push 

fluff djicbcn, put off; cin — -, insert; 
tier — , put off, move out of place 

bcr 9tuffd)uti, 'isa^j 6-infd)icbfcI, bic 
58crfd)icl>ung 

bcr 5.?orfd)uIi, (push forward) as- 
sistance 

bcr ^cufc^odcr, stack of hay 

bcr Sd)uti, push; — farrcn, push- 
cart 

568. fdjicften, (fdjofj, 
gcfc^offen), shoot 

t)orfd)ic^en, push forward (ad- 
vance money) 

bcr (£d)u^, shot 

bcr 9(u5!f d)uft, refuse; U6cr — , sur- 
plus; S>or — , advance 

flbfdjiifftg, (shooting down) precip- 
itous 



164 



A PRACTICAL GUmE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bo^ ©cfdlOH, projectile 
bcr Sd)Ufe(c), rifleman; ba^ ©6= 
fc^ii^, cannon 

669. b a ^ S d) i f f , ship 

bcr St!)iff6ru(f) (drcdjcn, break), 
wreck 

fcf)iffbar, navigable; bte Sc^iffbar= 
fcit 

frf)iffen, navigate 

ousifdjtffen, disembark; cin — , em- 
bark; t)cr — , despatch 

btc 3(u^fcf)iffung, Gin — , a?cr — 

570. frfjinbcn (fd)unb, gc = 
f d) U n b C n), (skin) flay 

bcr Sdjinbcr, flayer, oppressor 
bcr Stf)unb, trash 

571. fcf)irmcn, (skirm-ish) 
guard, protect 

bcf(i)trmen; bcr Sd)irm()crr, pro- 
tector 

bcr 2ompcnfcf)irm (shade), Ofcn — 
(screen); Oicgcn — , umbrella; 
Sonncn — , parasol 

572. fdjUfcn (fcfilicf, 
g c f d) t a f c tt), sleep 

fi(i) tjcrf(l)(afcn, oversleep oneself 

t)crfcl)Iafcn, drowsy; btc a^crfd)la= 
fcnl)cit 

fd)Iaflo^; bic £rf)Iaflofigfcit, in- 
somnia 

bcr £cl)(af, sleep 

fd)Idfrtg, drowsy; btc S^lafrigfcit 

cinfcfjlafcrn, lull to sleep 



ha§ (Sdllafd^cn, nap; bcr 3tf)lafcr, 

sleeper 
fdjiaff, fdjiopp, loose, lax 
bic Sd)Iaff()cit, Srf)(appl)cit 
bic Bdflappe, defeat 
crfcfilaffcn, languish; bic (yrfdjloffung 
bic Sc^Iiifc, (seat of sleep accord- 
ing to popular belief) temple 

573. f d) I g c n (fdjlug, gc = 
fd)Iagcn), {slay, slug) beat, 
strike 

bcr «d)(ag, stroke, blow 
ber Sd)IageI, mallet 
fd)Iod)tcn, slaughter 
bcr £d)Iad)tcr, butcher; bic — ct 
bic Sd)(ad)t, battle 
nad) eincm fd)Iad)ten, fd)tagcn, (ori~ 
gin unk>i own) take after a person 
bcr 3d)(ag; SDIcnfdjen— , race 
i>a^ (ycfd)Icd)t, race, sex, gender 
gcfd){cd)t(id), sexual 
ungcid)(ad)t, uncouth, rude 

574. bcr Sd^lamm, mud, 

mire 

fd)Iammig, slimy, muddy 
bcr Sd)Icim, slime, phlegm 
t)crft^(cimt, obstructed with slime 

575. bic S^Iangc, (slink) 

serpent, snake 

fid) fd){angcln, wind, meander 

576. f ^ I a u , sly, cunning, 
crafty 

bic £d)tauc, £d)lou()cit, craftiness 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



i6s 



577. fd)U(f)t, (slight, worth- 
less) mean, poor, bad 

ft^Ie(^tl)in, — tvcQ, simply, plainly 

bie ®cf)(ec^tigfcit, meanness, base- 
ness 

tterfc^Icdjtcrn, impair; bic 58er= 
fcf)(ed)tcrung 

ftf)Itd)t, (slight) plain, simple 

bic Sd)H(i)tI)eit 

fcf)Ii(^ten, plane, adjust; bic Sci^Hcf)= 
tung 

578. f^Ictdjen (fdirirfi, gc = 
f (^ n ^ e n) , ( sleek) sneak 

bcr S(!^Ici(fter, bic — ei 
bcr Sc^Hrf), trick 

679. ber Sc^Icicr, veil 

f(fj{cicrf)aft, mysterious 
tocrfd){eicrn, veil 

580. fcftUtfcn (fc^tiff, gc = 
fd) lift en), {slip, as on a 
whetstone) grind, polish 

ungefcfjliffcn, coarse 
ber 3d)Uff, polish, good manners 
fdjlcifcn, \reg.) drag 
fd)(et>pcn, (slip) drag 
Dcrfdjlcppcit, drag along, put off 
bie Sd)(eppC, train (dress) 
bcr Sd^Ieppcr, Sd)tep^bampfcr, tug- 
boat 

581. fdjlcubcrn, sling 
bic Sd^Icubcr, sling; bcr — er 



582. fcfilic^cn (fd){oft, gc = 
fdjloffcn), (Cf. slot, bar, 
bolt) close, shut, conclude 

6ef(f)Iic^cn, ftd) citt — , decide, re- 
solve 

bcr Sdjlu^, close, conclusion 

bcr S8e[cf)Iui ©nt— 

fcf)tie^Iid), at length; auSi — , ex- 
clusively; ein — , including 

cntfc^Ioffcn, resolute; bic Gntfcf)(of- 
fcnf)cit 

fdjliiffig, determined; bie Unfd)liif= 
figfeit 

bo^ £(l)Io^ (3rf)(i)ffcr), lock, 
(guarded building) palace, 
manor 

bcr Sdiloffcr, locksmith 

ber Sdilitffcl, key 

583. f c^ n m m , [slim, unsub- 
stantial) bad, evil, sore 

»erf(^Kmmcrn, make worse 

584. fdjlummcrn, slumber 
bcr Stftlummcr 

585. f cf) I ii p f e n , slip 

fd)Iiipfcrig, slippery 
bcr Sci^tupfttJinfcI (corner), hiding- 
place 
bcr Untcrfd)(upf, hiding-place 
bic ^^i\x6)t, deep valley, ravine 

586. f d) m tt I , (small) narrow 
fc^molcrn, lessen; bie ®(^mo(erung 



i66 



A PR.4CTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



587. fdjmaro^cn, live on 
others 

bcr SftjmoroUcr, parasite 

588. f ^ m c d c n , {smack) 
taste, savor 

bcr ©cfdjmad, taste 
gcfdimadlo^ (less), — tiott (full) 
bic (ycfdjmotflofigfcit 
obgcfd)ma(ft, absurd; bic 5I6fle= 

fci)macft()cit 
f(I)ma(f{)aft, tasteful; bte S(i)mad= 

()afttgfctt 
fd)mad)tcn, (long for) pine; on—, 

look longingly at; »cr — , be 

parched with thirst 
fdjma^ttg, (languishing) slender 
fdimaljcn, ob— , kiss heartily 
ber ©djmaij, hearty kiss 

589. f d) mcid) cin, {smicker) 
flatter 

bcr ©d)mcid)tcr, bic —in, bic 

(5d)mcid)clct 
fdimctdjctliaft, fd)mcid)tcrifd) 

590. fd)mcif?cn (fd)mifj, gc = 
fd) miff en), {smite, smash) 
throw, fling 

bcr ®d)mij?, (thrust) stroke, scar 

591. fdjmcUcn (fd)mol5r 
g c f d) m I 5 c n) , smelt, melt 

fd)mel5bar, fusible 
bcr Sdjmcis, enamel 
bic Sd)mcl5crci, smelter 



\>a§ £d)mol5, (melted fat) grease, 
lard 

592. bcr Sdjmcrs, {sman} 

pain, ache 
fdjmcrsftaft, —lid), painful 
f^mcrjcn, pain, hurt 
bic Slopf(head)fd)mcr5cn; S^^n—, 
toothache 

593. bcr 3d)micb, smith 

bic Sd)miebc, smithy, forge 
fd)micbcn, forge, frame, concoct 
gcfdjmcibig, malleable; bic @c= 

fd)meibigfcit 
ha^ Oicfd)mcibc, (goldsmith's work) 

trinkets 

594. fd)mud, {smug) neat, 

spruce 
fdimiidcn, auw — , adorn, decorate 
bic 3(u^'fd)mudung 
ber Sd)mud, ornament, finery 
fd)mudlo^, unadorned 

595. bcr S^mu^, {smut) 

dirt, soil, filth 

fd)mul5ig, dirty 
befd)mu(jen, soil 

596. bcr S d) n 6 cl, («t7), «/6) 

hcak, hill 
fd)nabcln, bill and coo 

597. f d) n n r d) e n , snore, snort 
fdinarrcn, snarl, rattle 
fd)nurren, rattle 

bcr Sd)nurrOart (beard), mustache 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



167 



598. fc^nouficn, {snif) 

puff and Mow 

bie 9iofc ( nose) au^fd)nou6cn ( blow) 
fcftnaufcn, breathe hard, snort 
fid) »crfd)naufcn, stop for breath 
fdjniiffcln, snuffle, sniff 
ber Sc^nitfper, sneak; bie Sc^niiffe^ 

lei 
bcr Sd)nupfcn, (snuff) cold in the 

head 
tierff^nupft, offended 

599. bcr Sdjncc, snow 
fdfjncicn, snow 

cinfd)ncicn; oer — , be snowbound 

600. fc^ net ben (fc^nitt, 
g e f d) n i 1 1 c n), cut 

bie Sc^neibc, edge 

fdincibig, smart, stylish 

ber Sdjneibcr, tailor; bie — in, 
dressmaker 

ber Sdinitt, cut, style; 316 — , sec- 
tion 

bie Sdinitte (Srot, bread), slice 

ber Sdjnittcr, reaper 

ber Xur^fdjnitt, (cross-cut) aver- 
age 

burd)fd)nittnd), on an average 

fd)niijcn, fd)nifeetn, carve 

bcr Sdiniljcr, (wrong cut) blunder 

bo!^ SSiener ®d)ni^c{, Vienna cutlet 

601. f d) tt e n , quick, fast, 
speedy 
ftftncHcn, move quickly, let fly 
bie ®trom( river) fdjncllc, rapids 



bie Sc^noffe, buckle 
fc^naHcn, buckle 
fdinotjcn, smack 

602. bie Sc^nur, {snare) 
twine, lace, cord 
fdjniircn, lace, string 

603. f d^ ij n , {sheen) beautiful, 

handsome, fair 

bie ®d)bnl)eit, beauty 

Derfcftijncrn, embellish; bie 85er= 
fd)ijnerung 

bcfd)ijnigen, consider fair, excuse 

bie 83efd)iJmgung 

fdjonen, treat fairly, spare, save 

bie Sdjonung, indulgence, reserva- 
tion (forest) 

tterfc^onen, spare, exempt from 

fdjonung^BOd, gentle; — lo^, re- 
lentless 

604. f c^ r a g , oblique, slanting 

ber Sdjrogen, trestle 
afifdjrfigen, slope, bevel 

605. bcr Sdjranf, closet, 
cupboard 

bie Sc^ranfc, (shrink) barrier, 

limit 
fd)ranfcn{o^, boundless 
befd)ranfcn, ein — , restrain 
bie SSefdirdnfung, &in — 

606. bie <B dfx aub e , screw 
fd)rau6en, screw 
t)crfd)rotien, eccentric, queer 



i68 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SdENTIFIC 



607. ber Sdjrctf, fright, 
terror 

fdjrctffiflft, fearful, easily frightened 
fcf) reef ltd), terrible, dreadful 
er)'d)rccfcn (crfdiraf, crfd)rorfcn), be 

frightened 
fd)rccfcn, frighten 
uncrfcfjrorfcn, intrepid; bic Uner= 

fcl)rt)tfenl)cit 

608. b c r S d) r c t , cry 

bcr 9(uff(^rci, outcry 

ba^ ©cfdjrci, shriek; g'Clbl field) — , 

warwhoop 
fdjrcten (frfiric, gcfd)rtccn), cry 
bcrfdjricen, decried, notorious 

609. f^rctficn (f^rtcb, gc = 
fd)ric6cn), [script) write 

bcr S(i)rei()cr, copyist 
bcf(J)rcitien, (write about) describe 
bic SBcfdircibung, description 
bic Sd)rift, writing, script, type 
bic 9(bf(f)rift, copy; 2)rud — , print; 
3 It — , inscription; Ubcr — , head- 
line; Untcr — , signature; S8or= 
— , prescription; 3cit(time) — , 
periodical 
bcr £d)riftftcffcr, author 
fd)riftlid), in writing 

610. fdircitcn (fd^ritt, gc = 

f Written), stride, step, pro- 
ceed 

'da^ (Jinfc^rciteil, interference 
bic 9(u^fd)rcitung, excess; U6cr — , 
violation of a law 



bcr St^ritt, step, stride; g-ort — , 

progress 
bcr 5-ortf(^ritt(cr, fortfdirittfid) 

611. bcr S d) u I) , shoe 

bcr (yummi( rubber) fd)uf| ; ,<?anb — , 
glove; Sd(ntt( slide) — , skate 

bcr Sc^uftcr, Sd)uI)mod)cr, shoe- 
maker 

6cfd)uf)cn, furnish with shoes 

612. bic Sdiulb, guilt, fault, 
debt 

bic Unf^ulb, innocence 

fdjulbig, un — 

basi a>crfd)ulbcn, bic 5S erf d)u (bung, 

fault 
6cfd)ulbigen, accuse; cnt — , excuse 
bic 58cfd)ulbigung, (Jnt — 
bic Sd)ulb, debt 
f(^utbtg, indebted; fd)ulben, owe 

613. bic 8 d) u I c , school 

f(^utpf(id)tig (pledge), compelled 

to attend school 
ber Sd)ii(cr, bie — in, pupil 
bcr SUJitfdjiifcr (fellow); SSorfd)uIc 

( primary) 
cinfd)ufcn, train; bic Sdjulung 

614. bic S d) u 1 1 c r , shoulder 

bag Sdiultcrblntt (blade) 
IircitfcfiuUcrig 

615. bcr Sdinrj, bic £d)ur» 

5C, {shirt, cover) apron 

fc^iirjcn, auf — , truss up, pin up 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



169 



616. ( d) ii 1 1 c It , shed 
bcr Scftutt, rubbish, refuse 
fdjiittcdt, shake, toss 
bcr 3cf)uttcIfroft (frost), shivers 
crfcfjiittern, shake, affect strongly 
bic Otfrf)utterung, concussion, shock 

617. f^iiijen, {shut) protect 
bcr Sd^u^, protection 
fd^U^Io^, defenseless; btc <Zii)\xili' 

lofigfctt 
bcr Sdiiiijling, protege 

618. f d| tt) a d^ , weak, feeble, faint 
bic ®cf)h)a(^c, bcr SdittJodjUng 

bic Scf)tt)acf)t)eit, frailty 

fd)rt)ad)cn, weaken; ab — , extenuate 

619. bcr 6rf)ttiagcr (Sd)We = 
ftcr, sister), brother-in-law 

bic Sd)Wagcrin, sister-in-law 

bic Srf)tt)agcrfcf)oft, affinity by 
marriage 

»erfdf)tt)ogcrt, related by marriage 

bic SKcrfdjhJogcrung 

bcr ®d)rt)0^cr (obsolete), father- 
in-law 

bcr ®d)h)icgcrtiotcr, father-in-law; 
— fohn 

bic Sd)tt)icgcrmuttcr, — tocl)tcr; 
— citern, parents 

bcr ©djrtjagcr, postillion 

620. f d) rtj a r c It , fester 
bic ®cf)hjarc, ha^ (ycfrf)tt)itr, abscess 

621. bcr ®d)tt)Ortlt, s-i'^arm 
fdfjhJarmcn, (let one's imag-nation 
run wild) be enthusiastic 



bcr Sd)tt)armcr, enthusiast; bic — ci 
fd)rt)armcrifd) 

622. f rf) W a r 3 , {swarthy) black 

fd)tt)arj(id), blackish 

f(f)njttr5cn, blacken; an — , slander 

bic ^rutfcr( printer) fd)h)ar3C( ink) 

623. f (^ h) a <5 c n , chatter, 
prattle 

bcr S^njaijcr 

f(J)n)0<jI)oft, talkative; bic SdjhJO^- 

l^oftigfeit 
"bCL^ 05cfcf)tt)a^, prattHng, gossip 
gcfdjWaljig, talkative; bic @C- 

fc^wS^igfcit 

624. frfirtjcbcn, {swif-t) be 
suspended, soar 

bic S^ltJcBc, suspense 

625. f d^ ttj c i f c tt , {sivecp, 
swoop) stray, ramble 

auS fdjtncifcn, digress, debauch; 

ab — , deviate; unt^er — 
bic 9(bfd)>ueifung, 5tul — 
bcr SdjWcif, tail 
of)nc Umfrf)tt)cifc, (without swaying 

about) directly 
bcr ©ditoibfiogcn (bow), arch, 

vault 

626. fdittjcigctt (frf)h)icg, 
gcfd)»jicgcn), be silent 

bo^ S^ttjcigcn, bcr Sdjwcigcr 
fcl)tt)cigfont, taciturn; bic Sc^ttJcig* 
fomfcit 



lyo 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



tocrfc^toicgcn, discreet; bic S8ct= 

fci)tt)ic9cnl)Ctt 
liefd)rt)id)titien, soothe, appease 
bic l!8efcf)n3id)tigung 

627. bcr <Sd)h)cift, sweat, 
perspiration 

fdjttJt^cn, sweat; au^ — , exude; 
tier — , forget 

628. f^Welcn, {sultry) 
smolder 

f^hjiit, sweltering, sultry; bic 
Srf)h3ule 

629. f d) tt) c t g c n , {swallow) 
revel 

bet Srfjttielgcr; bic — et, gluttony 

630. \6)tvcUcn (fdiwoU, 
gcfdjnjoncn), iwc// 

bic S(^tt3ic{c, callus; fd)h)icUg 
bic Sct)WuI|t, @c— , tumor 
fcf)h)iilftig, bombastic; bic St^tt)iil= 

ftigfcit 
bcr ©^JuoK, heaving mass 

631. f d^ h) c r , ^eafy (to carry), 
difficult (to perform) 

bic Srf)tt)crc, heaviness, gravity 
bcr Sd)h)crpunft, center of gravity 
fd)tt)crfoUig, (falling heavily) 

clumsy 
bic Sd)ttjcrfottigfcit 
bcfd)tt)crcn, weight down; cr — , 

aggravate 
t)cfd)n)crlid), burdensome 



fcf)tt)icrig, difficult; bic Sd)tt)icrigfcit 
fid) bcfdiwcren, complain 
bic li8cfd)tt)crbc, complaint 

632. bic 3d)tt)cftcr, sister 
bic ©cfdjnjiftcr, brothers and sisters 

633. fd)tt)immcn (fdjhjamm, 
gcfd)ft)ommcn), switn 

t)crfd)tt)immcn, be blurred; bic S3cr= 

fd)tt)ommcnI)cit 
bcr 3d)tt)immcr, bic — in 
fd)ttjcmmcn, cause to swim, float, 

water 
onfd)ttJcmmcn, form by alluvion; 

itdcr — , flood 
bic 3(nfd)ttjcmmung, UDcr — 
bic Sdjlocmmc, horse pond 

634. fd^minbcn (fd)tt)onb, 
g cf d) rt) u n be n), disappear, 

vanish 

cntfdjwinbcn, tocr — , disappear 

bic Sd)rt)inbfud)t (ficd), sick), con- 
sumption 

fd)tt)inbfiid)tig, consumptive 

bcr Sd)rt)unb, extinction 

fd)rt)cnbcn, tier — , cause to disap- 
pear, waste, squander 

bcr SBcrfd)tt)cnbcr, bic — ung, tier 
fd)rt)cubcrifd) 

bcr Sd)rt)inbcl, swoon, dizziness 

fd)tt)inb(c)Iig, dizzy 

bcr Sd)h)inbcl, swindle 

bcr Sd)>t)inblcr, bic — cici 

fd)tt)inbetn 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



171 



635. fdjrtjingcn (fdjtoong, 
gcfrf)tt)ungcn), swing 

bic S(f)tt)tnciung, vibration 

uncrfrf)»Dtng(td), unattainable 

bic Sd)tt)ingc, swing 

bcr Sd)hjengct, handle 

ubcrfdjmcnglid), enthusiastic 

bic Ubcrfd)ft)cng(id)fcit 

bcr Sd)tt)ung, vibration, rapture 

bcr '!Huffd)ttJung, elevation; Urn — , 
revolution 

fd)h)ungtioII, animated, enthusiastic 

fd)tt)cnfcn, cause to swing, shake, 
rinse 

bic Sd)hJCnfung, wheeling, evolu- 
tion 

fcf)tt)anfcn, waver, hesitate 

bic Sd)iuanfung 

fd)tt)anf, slender, flexible 

bcr ®d)rt)anf, joke, farce 

bcr ®d)rtjan5, (that which swings) 
tail 

fcf)tt)an3cln, wag the tail 

bic Srfjutc fcf)tt)an5cn, play truant, 
" cut recitation" 

636. fdjwijren (fcfjttiur, 
f d)tt) or , g cf d) tt) or en), 

swear 

()cfd)tt)orcn, conform by oath, re- 
cite a magic formula, conjure 
up; fid) t)cr — , conspire 

bic ScfdihjiJrung, SBcr— , bcr S8cr= 
fd)tt)iirer 

bcr ©cfdimorenc, member of a jury 

bcr ®d)«3ur, oath 



637. bic S c e I c , soul 

SlHcrfccIcn, All Souls' Day 
fccIcntioU (full), feeling 
bcfcelcn, animate; cnt — , kill 

638. b a ig S c g c I , sail 

bcr Scglcr, sailing vessel, sailor 
ba^ 9Sctt(bet)fcgctn, sailing race 
fcgctn, sail; um — , circumnavigate 

639. fcf)cn (faf), gc = 

f c I) c n) , see 

angcfcf)cn, (looked at) respected, 
prominent 

ha^ 5(nfc()cn, reputation 

bo^ 3(us*fcl)cn, appearance; SBcr — , 
mistake 

onfcl)U(id), worth looking at, con- 
siderable 

unt)crfcl)cn^, unforeseen 

5ufc()enb^, as you look at it, visibly 

o6fcf)bor, within sight, conceivable 

bcr Seller, seer 

bic Sid^t, sight 

fid)tbar, visible 

crfid)tlid), evident; bic (frfid)tad)fcit 

bo^ (ycfid)t, 5(n— , face; ongefidjt^, 
in view of 

bic 5lbfid)t, (view at) intention, 
plan; 3ln— , opinion; 9(uf— , 
supervision; S(u^ — , outlook; 
O^in — , insight; ^in— , respect; 
9Jad)^-, (looking closely) in- 
dulgence; 9iud(back)—, regard; 
iibcr — , summary; Um — , cir- 
cumspection; fSot—, foresight, 



172 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



caution; SBoraiii — , forethought; 
3uDcr — , confidence, trust 

ttbfid)tltdj, intentional; I)in — , re- 
garding; ttorou^ — , presumably; 
juDcr — , confident 

onfiditig, perceiving; burti^ — , trans- 
parent; cin — , intelligent; nad) — 
indulgent; um — , circumspect; 
toor — , cautious 

bte X^urdjndltigfcit 

beobfirfjtigcn, intend; bcouf — , su- 
perintend; licrucf — , consider; 
be — , inspect 

bie SBcauffidjtigung 

an§)id)t&loS, hopeless 

riidfidjti^tioll, considerate; — loS, 
inconsiderate 

bic DJiicfficbti^Iortgfett, recklessness 

unnad)l"tct)ttg, unrelenting 

ficf)tcn, sift, winnow; bte Si^tung 

640. fe()ncn (fid)), long for 
crfe()ncn, desire eagerly 
febniicf), eagerly, passionately 

bte Se^ttfurfjt (fled), sick), intense 
longing 

fcf)itfud)t^tJoU, fcfinfiidjtig, passion- 
ate 

641. bic S C i b C , (satin) silk 
feiben, silken 

642. bte ® e i t e , side 

feit(irf), lateral 

etnfcitig, one-sided; tiiel(many) — -, 

versatile 
bte Cfiitfcitigfeit, ffiiel — 



obfcit^, apart; bie^ — , on this side; 
jen — , on the other side of 

gcgen( against, opposite) feitig, mu- 
tual, reciprocal 

bic (iJcgcnfcitigfeit, reciprocity 

bos* Senfeit:^, the beyond 

fcitcn^, on the part of 

befcitigen, remove; bie Scfeitiguttg 

643. fclbcr, f e I b ft , self 
fclbftto^ (less), unselfish 

bic £efbftIofigfeit 
£e(bftfuc{)t, selfishness 
Sclbftmorb, suicide 

644. f c ( t e It , seldom, rare 

bte Sc(tcit()cit, rarity, curiosity 
fcltfant, (of rare occurrence) 

strange, odd (silly) 

645. fenbcn (fattbtc, 
g e f It b t), scfid 

bie Seitbuttg, consignment 
ba& (Jingcfanbt, letter to the edi- 
tor 
bcr Scttbcr, ?(b — , remitter 
bcr SBcrfattb, shipment; bo^ — gc 

flf)Oft, mail order business 
bcr Scnbling, missionary 
bcr Oicfanbtc, envoy, ambassador 
bic (ycfanbtfdjaft, embassy 
bcr Slbgcfflitbte, emissary 

646. f i t^ c r , secure, sure, safe 
fid)er(icf), surely, certainly 
fidjcrn, secure, ensure; tier — , as 
sure, insure; 311 — , promise 



STXJDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



173 



bic ©tdjcrtictt, safety 

btc £icf)erung, security; 25cr — , 

3u- 

647. f i cf er n , ooze, leak 

Bcrfiegcn, be drained, dry up 
unticrfiegbar, inexhaustible 

648. ® i e , you 
fid) ftc^cn, call each other ®ic 

649. ficd), sick 
fied)en, be sick; boljin — , die slowly 
bosi Sicd^tum, lingering illness 

bic 2cud)e, contagious disease 

»crfeucf)cn, infect 

bic Sudjt, {in compounds only ; in 
cases not referring to ailments it 
may he construed as mania, hut 
not as a derivation of fud)cn, 
seek) disease, mania 

bic 93(cid)( bleach, pale)fu(f)t, ane- 
mia; 5afl — , epilepsy; 5ctt(fat) = 
— , obesity; 05ctb( yellow) — , 
jaundice; (2(f)rt)inb( vanish)—, 
consumption; SSaffcr — , dropsy 

blci(f)fiicl)tig, anemic; etc. 

bic ^ab(have)fu(f)t, greed; ^crrfcl)= 
(master) — ■, imperiousness; Qic^ 
foH( please) — , coquetry; (Scl)tt= 
(longing) — , passionate desire; 
£c(b|t( self) — , selfishness 

I)obfii(^tig, greedy; etc. 

650. f i c b c I n , settle 

onftcbcln, settle down 

bcr 3(nficbtcr, bic Slnficbclung 



bcr Gin(one)fieblcr, hermit; bic 
@infiebc(ci 

651. bcr ® icg , victory 

bcr Stcgcr, victor 
ficgrcic^ (rich), victorious 
ficgcn, be victorious; 6e — , van- 
quish 

652. t^a^ ® t c g c I , seal 

bcr SicgcHocf (lacquer, wax), — = 

ring 
ficgctn, seal; £ic — , set one's seal 

to; ncr — , close by sealing 
bic SScficgclung 

653. b i^ © i t b e r , silver 

ba^ Cucdfitt'cr 
filbcrn, made of silver 
Dcrfilticrn, silver, plate; sell 

654. fingcn (fang, gc = 

f ung en), sing 

bcr Sanger, bic — in, singer 
bcr (SJcfang, song, singing 
gefangUd), vocal 

655. finfcn (fanf, gc = 

f u n f c n) , sink 

fenfcn, cause to sink, lower 
bic 2?crfcnhjng, drop (stage) 
fcnfrcd)t (directed), perpendicular, 

vertical 
ba^ Scnfbrct (lead), plummet; bic 

— rc(f)tc, perpendicular 
'ba§ ©cfcnfc, valley 



174 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



656. b c r ©inn, sense, 
meaning, mind 

bog Stnnbilb (picture), symbol 
Dcrfinnliilblidjcn, symbolize 
bcr2d(f)t( light) finn, levity; £d)ttrf= 
(sharp) — , sagacity; Un — , non- 
sense; 2iJaI)n(vain) — , insanity 
Icidjtftnntg, fc^arf — , un — 
finnig, thoughtful; bic Sinniflfeit 
finnlicf), sensual; bic ©innlidjfctt 
ubcrflnnUd), transcendental 
finnlog, senseless; bic Sinnlofigfcit 
fmnrcicf) (rich), ingenious 
finncn (fann, gcfonncn), meditate, 

reflect 
fid) befinncn, fidf) cnt — , recollect; 

er— , devise, contrive 
bog Wnfinncn, expectation, impu- 
tation 
bic ^cfinnung, consciousness 
ticflnnungg(og (less), unconscious 
bic JBcftnnungglofigfcit 
befonncn, cautious; bic S8cfonncn= 

^ett 
gcfinnt, disposed; bic @cftnnti)eit 
bic ©cflnnung, intention, mind 

657. bic S i 1 1 c , custom, 
fashion, morals 

bic Unfittc, bad habit, abuse 
fitt(id), moral; bic Sittlidjfcit 
ftttfom, modest; bic Sittfomfcit 

658. fi^cn (fflf?, gcfcf^ 
fen), sit 
bcr Si^, seat; bic Sibnng, session 
bcr 51ior( front) ftl^, chairmanship 



bcr 8^orfil^cnbc, chairman 

bcr Si>ctfil5cr, associate, deputy 

bcr SPcfito, possession 

bcr 5i^cfil$cr, bic —in; bog —turn 
property 

bcfcffcn, possessed, mad; bic S8c= 
fcffcnljcit 

ongcfcffcn, anfdffig, ctugcfcffcn, fcft= 
I)aft, settled, domiciled, estab- 
lished 

ticrfcffcn ouf, bent ui>on 

bic Slnfciffigfcit, ecf?{)oftigfcit; S«cr= 
fcffcnl)cit, obsession 

bcr Snfoffc, inhabitant 

fcfecn, cause to sit, set 

obfcljcn, sell, depose, disqualify; 
on — , start; ouf — , set up, com- 
pose, put on; oug — , expose; 
OUgcinonbcr — , analyze, explain; 
6c — , occupy, trim; burd) — , en- 
force; cin — , set in a game, risk; 
cnt — , unset, frighten; er — , off- 
set, replace; fort — , continue; 
]^intttn( behind on) — , set aside; 
I)in5U — , add; iibcr — , translate; 
bcr — , transfer, pawn; tior — , 
propose, offer; ltiibcr( against) — , 
oppose; 5cr — , decompose; ju — , 
add; juriirf — , set back, slight 

bie 5(bfc^ung, removal; 5(ugcinon= 
bcr — , explanation, falling out; 
S?e — , occupation; Q'm — , instal- 
lation; g^ort — , continuation; 
Ubcr^ — , translation; 3ui"ud — / 
setback 
bog (fntfcfecn, horror 
entfctjUd), horrible, dreadful 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



175 



bcr Sorgcfc^tc, superior 

bic 9Siberfc^(icl)fcit, obstinacy 

bo^ @efe^, (that which is set down) 

law (that which is lain down) 
ber (ycfc^gcbcr, legislator; bic — 3C= 

bung 
gcfe^t, dignified; bic @cfc^tf)cit 
bcr ©c^cr, type-setter; bic — ci, 

printing-office 
ber ®aij, set of words, sentence, 

proposition 
bcr 5(bfa^, paragraph, landing 
(stairs), heel (shoe); 2tn — , 
start; Sluf — , composition; 33c — , 
trimmings; (?in — ; stake (game) ; 
@nt — , relief, succor; ©r — , res- 
titution; S8or— , proposition; 
3u — , addition 
bcr $?obcn( bottom) fafe, sediment 
bcr Q5ruub( ground) fob, principle 
grunbfa^fid), on general principles 
bic ©a^ung, statute; 58e — , gar- 
rison 

659. bic S f i 3 3 c , sketch 
ffi35icrcn, sketch 

660. bcr ® f t attc, slave 
bic ®f(a»in, Sflowcrci, fffaoif^ 

661. bic <Boi)\t, sole 

befo^tcn, wer — , sole 

bic S3cfof)(uKg, 9?cr — 

bic ®ok, salt water, brine 

662. bcr <p aits , (solid 

motley) pay 
befolbcn, give salary; bic SBcfotbung 



bcr Sijlbncr, Sbtbting, hireling, 

mercenary 
bcr Solbot, soldier; folbatifd) 

663. bcr ©ommcr, summer 

fommcrlidj 

bcr 9nttt)cibcr(old women's) fom= 
mcr, Indian summer 

664. f n b c r , {sundry, asunder, 
different, apart) particular, es- 
pecial 

fonbcrbar, odd; bic Sonbcrbarfcit 
fonbcrlic^, particular; bic Sonbcr* 

a(f)fcit 
bcr Sonbcrling, singular person, 

crank 
bcr Sonbcrjug, special train 
obfonbcrn, separate; bic 3tbfonbe= 

rung 
obfonbcrli^, odd; bic 9(bft)nbcrlic^=^ 

fcit 
fiefonbcr, special; — §, especially 
bic SBcfonbcr^cit, peculiarity 
fonbcrn, but, on the contrary 
fomt unb fonbcr^, jointly and 

severally 

665. bic Sonne, sun 

bcr Sonncnaufgong (rise), — untcr* 
gang ; bic — finftcrnijg ( darkness) , 
eclipse; bcr — ftirf), (ftcd)cn, 
prick), sunstroke 

bcr Sonnabcnb, (Sunday eve), Sat- 
urday; — tag 

fonnig, sunny 

f onncnf (ar ( clear) , evident 



176 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



fi(^ fonncn, bask in the sun 

666. b i c S r g c , sorrow, care 

bic 3'urforgc, 9?or — , precaution 
forglo^, careless; — fatn, careful 
bic Sorgloftgfcit, — famfcit 
forglid), anxious, careful 
forgcnfrei (free), — toofl (full) 
bic ©orgfalt, carefulness, atten- 
tion 
forgfaUtg, careful, painstaking 
bcforgt, anxious; bic 93cforgt()cit 
forgcn, be anxious, care for, pro- 
vide for 
beforgcn, care for, attend to, pro- 
cure 
bcrforgcn, provide with, maintain 
bic SBcforgung, SScr — 

667. f )> a I) c n , spy, explore 

bcr <Bpdi)ct, spy, scout 

bcr ©pion, spy; bic Spionogc, bte 

<S))ionicrcrct 
f^Jtonicren, spy; au^ — , spy out 

668. f p a H c n , split, cleave 
bcr Spolt, split, cleft, rent 

bcr 3^»ic(two)ftiolt, dissension 
bic ©paltc, (split page) column 
bic <3pa(tung, dissension, disunion, 
schism 

669. f p fl n n c n , span, 
stretch, strain 

afif^Jonncn, ouj^ — , unharness; ttn — , 

harness 
otigcfponnt, enervated; bic Slbfle* 

fpannt()eit, exhaustion 



abfpcnfHg mo^cn, alienate; h)iber= 
(against) — , obstinate; bfc SBi= 
bcrfpcnftiflfcit 

angcfpannt, harnessed, strenuous 

bic ^i(ngcfpannt()Ctt 

bic Spannung, tension, strain, ex- 
pectation 

bic 9(t»fpannung, fatigue; Sin — , 
strenuousness; S(u^ — , recrea- 
tion; S3c — , team of horses 

fpanncnb, fpannung^tioU (full), ex- 
citing, fascinating 

ha^ ©cfponn, team of horses, 
oxen 

bcr S?orfpann, additional horse(s) 

bcr 6'infpanner, one-horse carriage 

670. f par en, spare, save 

ouffpnrcn, cr — , put off, spare 
fporfam, thrifty; bic ©porfamfcit 
fparlid), sparing, scanty; bic Spor- 

lidjfcit 
bic erfparmS, savings 
bic Sparfoffc (cash), savings bank 

671. bcr Sporren 

spar, raft 

fpcrrcn, shut, block up, embargo 
otifpcrrcn, block up, close; anf — , 
open wide; cin — , imprison; 
bcr — , 3U — , close, obstruct 
bic 9(bfpcrrung, G^in — 
bic Spcrrc, closing, embargo 
bic S8al)n( railroad) fpcrrc, space re- 
served for passengers; J^ofctts 
(haven, harbor) — , embargo; 
9Kuttb( mouth) — , lockjaw 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



177 



bcr Spcrrfl^ (seat), orchestra seat 

672. bcr S poft, jest, joke 
fpaPaft, — tg, laughable, jocose 
fpaftcn, joke, jest 

673. f p a t , late 
fpatcr()tn, at a later time 
fpStcftcn^, no later than 
fid) tterfpatcn, be late 
5et)n SOJinutcn Serfpatung, ten 
minutes late 

674. f^jcicn (f<)tc, gc = 
f ^j ic c n), spew, spit 
bcr fcucr( fire) fpcicnbc i8erg, volcano 
bcr ©pcic^cl, saliva, spittle 
fpudcn, spit; bic Spurfc 

675. bic © p c t f c , food 
bic Spcifcfartc, bill of fare; bcr 

— ttjagcn, dining car 
fpcifcn, feed, dine; ouf — , tier — , 

eat up 
bic Spcifung, feeding 

676. bic ©pcnbc, [spend] 
distribution, alms 

fpenbett, tier — , spend, deal out 

bcr Spenbcr, dispenser 

ber Spunb {from Lat. punctus), 

bung 
tcrfpunben, bung up 

677. bet Spiegel, (Lat. spe- 
culum) mirror, reflector, looking- 
glass 

bcr 9JJcercg(sea)fpicgcI, sea level 



fpicgcin, be reflected from a mirror 
Porfpicgcin, show in a mirror, 

deceive 
bic Spiegctung, reflection, mirage; 

SBor— 

678. 'ba^ S p i C t , play, game 
bcr Spieler, player, gambler 

'na^ Sd)aufpie(, play; ber — cr, 
actor; bic — in, actress 

bcr ©cfpicic, bic ©cfpielin, play- 
mate 

"ba^ Seifpiel (spell, story), by- 
word, explanation, example 

gum 23eifpiel, for instance 

beifpiel^Weifc, by way of illustration 

f oft( cost) fpielig (spill, waste), ex- 
pensive 

fpiclen, play, gamble; ab — , play 
at sight; fid^ ttb — , be enacted; 
an — auf, allude to; tier — , lose 
by gambling; fid) tier — , strike 
the wrong key; Dor — , play for 
others 

bcrfpictt, fond of playing 

bic SSerfpicItf)eit 

679. bcr Spic^, [spit, a 
pointed prong) spear, lance, pike 

bcr Spicftgefellc (companion), ac- 
complice 

©picftruten (rod) toufen, run the 
gauntlet 

f piemen, spear; auf — , impale 

fpiij, fpi^ig, pointed, sharp, poign- 
ant 

bic Spi^c, point, peak, lace 



178 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFTC 



fptljfinbig, subtle, crafty; btc ®))i^= 

finbigfctt 
fpiljcn, an — , ju — , sharpen to a 

point 

680. f))inncn (f^jonn, 
gcfponncn), spin 

tier Spinner; bic — ci, spinning 

mill 
bic SpinnttJcbc (weave), cobweb 
i>aS ©ef^jinft, spun yarn; ^trn= 

(brain) — , fancy 
onf^inncn, plot, contrive; ou§ — , 

spin out 
bic Spinnc, spider; — fcinb, hating 

mortally 

681. fplciftcn (fpHft, 
gef ))Itf f en), split 

bcr S^jlittcr, splinter 

ftjlittcrn, jet — , splinter, dissipate 

682. bcr Sporn 
(© )) or en), spur 

f<)Orncn, on — , spur, stimulate 
f))ornftrcid^^, with spurs struck, 
poste-haste 

683. bcr Spott, mockery, 
irony 

f gotten, tier — , deride, scoff at 

bcr Spijttcr, scoffer 

bic SpiJttcrci, ba^ OJcfpbtt, derision 

fpottifc^, satirical 

hc\pottein, rally, ridicule 



684. f p r c d) e n (f <) = r = c d) c n) 
(fprarf), gcfprodjcn), 

speak 

onfpred)cn, address, please; ou^ — , 
pronounce; l)C — , discuss; cnt — , 
answer; frci(free) — , acquit; 
tier — , foretell, predict, promise; 
ficft tier — , make a mistake in 
speaking; Dor — , call on; h)i= 
bcr( against) — , contradict 

bic SBcfprcdjung, ^-rci — 

ba^ S>crfprccl)cn, bic Sycrfprcd)ungcn 

unauSfprcdjlid), unspeakable, un- 
pronounceable 

bic ®pracf)C, speech, language 

bic 9lnfV<id)C/ address; 9(u^ — , 
pronunciation; f^iir — , interven- 
tion; 9Jiid — , (back, talking to 
and fro) consultation; Umgongi§= 
(umgcljcn, go about, associate)- 
— , colloquial language 

bic (5'tn( into) fpradjc, protest; 3h)ie» 
(two)fprad), dialogue 

bcr ©))rcd)cr; g-iir — , advocate; 
j^crn(far) — , telephone 

fprod)ltd), linguistic 

ba^ (ycfvrocf), conversation; — ' 
bud) (book) 

bo^ Scfdftgcfprad), soliloquy, mon- 
ologue; Bttiie — , dialogue 

gef<jrod)tg, affable; bic @cfpra(^ig= 
fctt 

bo^ StJrid)tt)ort, proverb; fpridj- 
ttiiJrtUd) 

bcr S^jru^, saying, sentence, de- 
cree 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



179 



bcr Slnfpruc^, appeal, claim; 9lu§- 
— , utterance; @tn — , protest; 
SSJof)r( true) — , verdict; a3Stbcr= 
(against) — , contradiction; 3"= 
— , consolation, run of cus- 
tomers 
fprudjrcif (ripe), fit for judgment 
ttnf))ru(f)^»oB, hard to please; 

— lo^, unassuming 
bic 5(nfpru^^Iofigfctt, frugality 
beoitfpru^en, demand, claim; bic 

li8eanf;jruel)ung 
iBibcrfprud^^Oofl, contradictory 

685. f V r c i t c n , spread, extend 
fprciscn, au^ — , spread open, open 
f^jrcisdcinig (bone, leg), straddle- 
legged 

bic @cfprei5tf)cU, putting on airs 

686. fpricftcn (f^jroft, gc» 
f p r f f c n), {sprit) , sprout 

cntfpricftcn, sprout forth 
crfpricRlt^, useful, beneficial 
bcr ©)Jroft, sprout, shoot, germ 
bcr SprJJfjHng, shoot, scion 
fVroffcn, sprout, shoot, germinate 
bic Sproffc, step, rung ( ladder) 
f^ri<?cn, spout, squirt 
nu^f^jri^cn, syringe; 6c — , splash; 

cin— , inject; tier — , squirt away, 

shed 
bic Stu^f^jri^ung, ein— 
bic Sprite, syringe, fire engine 

687. Hjringcn (f prong, 
gcfprungcn), spring, jump 

ouffpringcn, spring up, chap; cnt» 



— , escape; iificr — , skip; tior — , 

project; ^er — , crack 
bcr SpringOrunncn, fountain; bic 

— fraft ( power) , elasticity 
bcr Sprung, leap, bound, chink, 

flaw 
bcr Urfprung, (offspring) origin; 

urfpriingrid), original; bic Ur= 

fpriinglicf)feit 
bcr ISBorfprung, projection, advan- 
tage over 
fprcngcn, cause to jump, (a rock) 

blast, (a horse) gallop, (water) 

sprinkle 
au^fprcngcn, divulge; be — , sprin- 
kle; bcr — , disperse; 5cr — , blow 

up 
bcr ©prcngttJOgcn, sprinkler 
bic Sprcngung, blasting; bcr 

©prcngftoff (stuff), explosive 
bcr Sprcngcl, scattered parishes, 

diocese 
fprcnfcln, speckle 

688. f p r ij b C , brittle 
f priJbc, ( prude) forbidding, prudish 
bic Spriibigfeit, brittleness, pru- 
dishness 

689. f p r U ^ c n , sprinkle in 
small drops, emit sparks 

bcr Sprubcl, boiling well 
fprubcln, bubble 

690. f p ii I c n , rinse, wash 

au^fpiifcn, fort — , tticg(away) — 
bcr Spiilftcin, sink; bo^ — hjaffcr 
<£pii(i^t, dish water 



i8o 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



691. bic B put , (spur, trail of a 
wild animal) track, trace, vestige 

bic SpurJDcitc (width), gauge (rail- 
road) 

fircitfpurig, standard gauge; fd)moI= 
(narrow) — - 

f^jurlo^, traceless, trackless 

fpiircn, trace, feel; auf(up) — ; bets 
■ — , be aware of, perceive 

bcrfpiirbar, perceivable 

bcr Sviirfiunb, bloodhound; bcr 
— finn (sense), scent 

692. bcr Stoat, state 
ftaattic^, federal, national 
t)erftaattict)cn, turn into state prop- 
erty 
bic a?erftootIi(f)ung 
ber <£t00t, state attire, pomp, finery 

693. bcr S t 6 , stave, staf, rod 

ber S8ud)ftat)(c), letter, character 
6u(^ftotiieren, spell 

694. bic S tabt, {stead) 

town, city 

bag ©tobtdjcn, £tobt(ctn 

bic ^aupt(head)ftobt, capital 

bic SSorftabt, suburb; borftabtifc^ 

ftSbtifd), municipal 

bcr Stabtcr, bic — in, resident of a 

town 
bic Statt, Stotte, stead, place 
ber Stott^altcr (holder), lieuten- 
ant-governor, governor-general 
bic SSerfftatt, workshop 
ftattfinben, take place 



onftott, instead of 

ftattlirf), portly; bie 3tattlid)fcit 

ftatt()aft, having a place (exist- 
ence), permissible 

odftatten (S^cfud), visit) (Xanf, 
thanks); ou^ — , fit out; bc — , 
put down, bury; cr — -, put in 
place, draw up; flC^, make 
room, permit 

bic SJu^ftattung, outfit, endowment, 
trousseau; 'ba^ — fiiftiid (piece), 
extravaganza 

bic SBcftattung 

njiebererftatten, juriid — , (put again, 
back in its place) restore, return 

bie SSiebcrerftottung, ^uxM — 

695. ber e t a () I , steel 
bcr Sta()I|tid) (ftcd)en, stick, prick), 

engraving 
ftof)ten, steel, harden, brace 
ftaf)Icrn, made of steel 

696. bcr © t a m m , stem, 
trunk, tribe, race 

bcr @tamm6aum (tree), pedigree; 
bag — tiuc^, autograph album 

Stamm, referring to clubs or res- 
taurants, indicates regular pat- 
ronage: 

bcr Stammgaft (guest); — tifd^, 
reserved table 

ftommig, stout, strong; bic £tam= 
migfcit 

ftammcn, ab — , cnt — , ^cr — , pro- 
ceed from, originate, descend 

flngcftammt, inherited, hereditary 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



l8l 



ftcmmcn, stem, dam up; ft(f) — , 
resist; fid) on — , press against 

697. ft a m m e I n , stammer, 

stutter 

bic ©tommcici, ha§ ©cftammcl 
ftumm, dumb, mute; bic ®tumm= 

t)cit 
taubftumm, deaf and dumb 
bic J^aubftummcnanftolt (institute) 

698. bic S t ong c, {sting) 

pole, stick 

bcr Stengel, stalk 

699. ftarf, (stark) strong, 
robust 

bic Storfc, strength, vigor 
ftftrfcn, strengthen; &e — , confirm; 

Dcr — , reinforce 
bic etdrfung, S8c— , SKcr — 
bic ©tiirfc, starch; ftarf en, cin — , 

starch 

700. f t a r r , (stare) benumbed, 

ligid 

ftarren, be stiff, benumbed 
fttcrcn, stare; an — , stare at 

701. ftaunen, (astound) be 

astonished 

anftaunen, gaze at with astonish- 
ment; cr — , be amazed 

ftaunens!>t)crt ( worth) , crftaunlic^, 
astonishing, amazing 

\>a^ Staunen, Qx — 



702. \ttd)cn (ft a d) , g c ft o = 

(i)en), stick, stab, sting, prick 
cin 23oot (boat) obftcdicn, push 

from shore 
ftcftcdien, break the law, corrupt, 

bribe 
atifte(^en Bon, remove from, con- 
trast with 
ber Stbftc^er, side excursion 
bic a3eftcd)ung, bribe; ficftcc^nc^, 

bic S3cfted)li(f)fcit 
bcr ©tidi, stitch, stab, engraving 
ber ^urc^( through) ftid), cut (rail- 
road) ; ^olj — , wood-engrav- 
ing; tu))fer( copper) — , <Btai)U 
(steel) — 
ftid|t)altig, (stabproof) valid, sound 
bic ®tid)t)oUigfeit 
ftidjcln, taunt, chaff; bic ©tid^clei 
ber <Btad)el, sting, prickle, thorn 
ftac^cHg, prickly, thorny 
ftad^eln, prick; auf— , goad 
bic 3lufftad)c(ung 
ftcden, (cause to stick) fix, set 
abftedcn, mark off by poles; an — , 
stick on, infect; be — , plant 
with, stick with; cin — , arrest, 
imprison, pocket; tier — , hide; 
3U — , convey secretly 
bie Stednabcl (needle), pin 
ber Stedbrief (letter), warrant of 

arrest 
bie 9Jnftedung, infection, contagion 
ha§ Scfted, knife, fork 
ftcden, stick fast, be stuck 
ftiden, stitch, embroider; bic <Bt\d(' 
ret 



l82 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



703. ftcr)en (ftanb, gc^ 
ft anb en), stand 

tcfteftcn, stand together, consist of; 
bci — , assist; bctior — , approach; 
cnt — , stand up from, arise; 
gc — , stand for, confess; nad) — , 
be inferior; iiber — , overcome; 
tier — , understand; t)Or — , pre- 
side; h)tbcr — , withstand, resist 

bie (?ntftcf)ung, origin 

ber ©tonb, stand, state, condition, 
rank 

ber Slbftanb, distance, difference; 



S(n- 



suitable conduct, de- 



cency; 9(uf^, uprising; SBct — , 
assistance; ©cgen — , (standing 
against, opposite) object; Ubel= 
(evil) — , drawback; Um — , cir- 
cumstance; SBer — , understand- 
ing, intellect; SB or — , manage- 
ment, chairman; SEBiber — , re- 
sistance; 8u~"/ state, condition 

ber ©tanb, stand, state, rank 

bas! Stanbtiilb (picture), statue; 
ber — puntt, standpoint, view- 
point 

btt^ Stanbc^amt (ofSce), bureau of 
vital statistics 

bo^ ®t(inbd)cn, serenade 

ber Sd)trmftnHber, umbrella stand 

ftonb()aft, steadfast; bie Stanb()af= 
tigfeit 

ftanbc^gemfif? (meffen, measure), 
according to one's rank 

ftftnbifd), relating to the states of a 
country 

ftfinbig, stationary, fixed; on — , 



suitable, decent; be — , steady, 
constant; gc — , confessing; ber= 
— , judicious, sensible; BoH — , 
complete; ju — , in perfect con- 
dition, competent 

bie SBeftonbigfeit, «?er— , fSoti— 

i>a§ GJcftanbni^i, confession 

fid) bcrft(inbtgcn, agree; bie 9?cr- 
ffonbtgung 

tjertiollftonbigen, complete; bie SBer= 
Doflftfinbigung 

umftonblii^, ceremonious; »cr — , 
intelligible 

bie Umftanbfid)feit, SBer — 

beonftanben, stop, object; bie J8c= 
onftanbung 

obgeftanben, (stood off) stale 

unou^fte()Iirf), intolerable 

bie Unou^ftef)Itd)feit 

ber Qki)\)lati (place), standing 
room 

704. fteUen (ftafjl, ge = 
ft f) I en), steal 

beftef)Ien, steal from 

ber £te()(er, bie Stefjterei 

t)crftoI)(en, stealthily 

ber 3^ieb( thief) fta()I, theft 

706. ftcif, stij, inflexible 

ftetfen, stiffen, starch 

bie Steift)eit, stiffness, formality 

706. fteigcn (ftieg, geftie = 
gen), mount, ascend, rise 

flbfteigcn, alight; on — , grow in 
elevation; aus^ — , get off a car; 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



183 



be — , ascend; ctlt — , board a car; 

cr — , mount, scale; um— , change 

cars; ftd^ Ber — JU, go as far as to 
bcr Stetgbugcl (bicgcn, bow) , stirrup 
ber 9(6fticg, descent; 9(tt— , 9tuf — , 

ascent 
bic Sticgc, stairs 
bic Stcigung, upgrade (track); 

S8c— er— 
ftcigcrn, cause to rise, raise; Ucr — , 

raise prices, sell at auction 
bte Stctgcrung, ^cv — 
ftcil, ascending, steep; bic 'Bte\U)eit 

707. bcr Stein, stone 

bcr Btc'mbrud) (brccfien), quarry; 

— brucf (print) 
bcr a3crn(burn)ftctn, amber; 6^bcl= 

— , precious stone; S[licifcn= 

(mile) — 
\>a^ ©cftctn, rock 
ftcinern, ftctnig, stony, rocky 
ticrftcincrn, petrify; bic SScrftcinc= 

rung 
fteinigcn, stone to death; bic Stci= 

nigung 
fteinrcicf), very rich 

708. ftcffcn, {slall) place, 
put, set 

anftcHcn, appoint, employ; ou§ — , 
expose, exhibit; tic — , put down 
on the bill, order; bar( there) — , 
represent; ftcf) cin — , (place one- 
self into a position) turn up; 
cnt — , deform; feft(fast) — , as- 
certain; I)cr — , restore; ftc^ J)cr= 



att§ — , (place itself outside) re- 
veal itself, become known; 
tier — , displace; ft^ tier — , dis- 
semble; tier — , present, intro- 
duce 
nad^ftctten, lay snares, lie in wait 

for 
bic 5(nftcIIung, 9(u^ — , 23c — , '^av 
— ; (fin — , (placing inside) sus- 
pension; Q-ttt — , ^cft — , ^cr — ; 
SSor — , introduction, represen- 
tation, performance 
bo^ £tcCbid)( thee) cin, trysting- 

place 
bic 9ta(l)ftcIIung, snare, ambush 
bcr !!8cftcllcr, customer; 9tu^ — , 

exhibitor; X'or — , actor 
fidf gcftcHcn, enlist; bic ©cftcKung 
ha§ ©eftcfl, stand, frame, rack 
anftcflig, (fit to be placed at a 

thing) skilful; bic SlnftcUigfcit 
bic StcCc, place, situation 
ftcUcn(o;§ (less), unemployed 
bic Steflcnlofigfcit, lack of em- 
ployment 
bic ©cftttit, shape, form, figure, size 
bic 5lnftoIt, institute 
bic OJcftaltung, formation 
Heranftaltcn, put in shape, arrange 
bcr ScranftaJtcr, bic a?cranfta(tung 
bic Scftotlung, appointment, salary 
tt)0l)I bcftaflt, regularly appointed 
bcr StoK, bic StttQung, stable 

709. ftcrben (ft or 6, gc = 

ft r b e n), {starve, perish) die 
au^ftcrben, die out 



i84 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



ftcrblid), mortal; bic Stcr()Itd)fdt 

adgcftorDcn, dry, dead 

bcr, bic i^crftorbcnc, deceased 

710. bcr Stern, star 

bcr Unftcrn, disaster 
bic Stcrnfunbc (fcnncn), astronomy 
bic Stcrnwartc (watch), observa- 
tory 
bo^ ©efttrn, constellation 
gcftirnt, starred, starry 

711. ft c t i g , ft a t i g , steady, 

stable 
bic Stctigfcit 

ftet^, steadil}-, continually 
beftfitigcn, corroborate; bic SSc= 

ftdtigung 
bo^ ©cftabe, (steady land) shore, 
coast 

712. ft c u c r n , steer 

i>a§ Stcucr, rudder, helm 

bcr Stcucr mann, bo^ — ruber 
(helm) 

bic Stcucrung, steering-gear, re- 
versing gear (engine) 

OU^ftCUCrn, steer out, give a start, 
endow 

bic ?tusiftcucr, dowry 

ftcucrn, steer, govern, tax, assess 

jteucrOor, taxable; — frci, free of 
duty 

beftcucrn, tax; »cr — , pay duty 
on 

bic SBcftcucrung, S^cr — 

bcfteucrbor, taxable 

bciftcucrn, contribute 



713. fticbcn (ft o b , g c ft o = 
t)cn), he scattered, Jly about 

Serfticbcn, fly away in dust 
ftbbern, auf — , scatter; buret) — , 

rummage 
ba^ S(t)ncc(snow)gcfti3l)cr (drift) 
bcr Staub, dust 
ftaubig, bcftaubt, dusty 
ftaubcn, raise dust; ab — , dust; 

jcr — , atomize, change into 

spray 
bcr ^crftaubcr, atomizer 

714. bcr Sticfbrubcr 

step-brother 

bcr Sticf water (father), bic — mut= 

ter, — fcf)tt)cfter 
'aa^^ Stiefmiittcrdien, pansy 
ftiefmiittertid), cruel(ly) 

715. bcr S tief el , boot 
geftiefett, booted 

716. bcr S tif t, tag, pin, 

peg, pencil 
bcr S8Ici(lead)ftift, 9Jot(red) — 
bo^ Stift, charitable foundation 
bic Stiftung, institution; bo^ — §= 
fcft (festival), founder's day, 
anniversary celebration 
bcr Stiftcr, founder 
ftiftcn, establish, found; Otl^, 

contrive, instigate 
bcr 5(nftiftcr, bic 9tnftiftung 

717. ft i I I , still, quiet, silent 
bnsi StiUlcbcn (life), — fctiweigcn 

(silence) 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



185 



hex Sttttftanb, standstill 
ftillcn, quiet, quench, appease 
bic «ttUung 

718. bic S 1 1 m m c , voice, tune, 
vote, suffrage 

bcr Sttmmcr, tuner; ftimmcn, tune 
bic Stimmung, (from the tuning 
of musical instruments) disposi- 
tion, humor 
bic aJUMtitnittung, discord 
tnijjgcitimmt, ill-humored; bic Wx^- 

gcftimmt()cit 
tierftimmt, out of humor, ill- 
humored 
bic S8crftimmt()cit, 2Scrftimmung 
C^ ftimmt, (it is in tune) it is cor- 
rect 
bic Stimmc, (acclamation) vote 
bic ®timmcncin(one)f)eit, unanim- 
ity; — gIcicf)(like)J)cit, tie; — = 
tncf)r( more) {)eit, majority 
ba^ Stimmrcd)t (right), suffrage 
cin(one)ftimmig, unanimous 
bic G^inftimmigfeit 

ftimmcn, speak, determine; 6ci — , 
agree; iibcrcin — , agree; ju — , 
agree to, consent 
bic iibcrcinftimmung, 3" — 
Iicftimmcn, give a name, determine 
bic Scftimmung, destiny, destina- 
tion 
bcftimmt, outspoken, determined 
bic 8?cftimmtf)cit, positiveness 

719. bcr S t d , stick, cane 
bcr Stocffifd), codfish 



bcr Stod, bo§ — hjcrf ( work) , floor 
bcr Stcdcn, stick; ba^ — <Jfcrb, 

hobby-horse 
ftodblinb, stone blind; — finftcr, 

pitch dark; — taub, deaf as a 

post 

720. bcr S t f f , stuff, 

matter, goods 

bcr Slo{)(en(coal)ftoff, carbon; 
Soucr(sour) — , oxygen; Stirf^ 
(choke) — , nitrogen; SSoffer — , 
hydrogen 

fot)Icnftofff)aItig (holding), car- 
bonic; etc. 

ou^ftafficrcn, equip; bic 9(ui^ftaffie= 
rung 

721. ft I 5 , (stout) proud 

bcr Stolj, pride 

ftofjicrcn, walk proudly, strut, 
flaunt 

722. ft t> f c n , stuff, fill, 

darn, mend 

bcrftopfcn, stop, constipate 
bic 3.?crftoVfung, SBcrftopttt)cit 

723. ft or en, (stir) disturb, 
trouble 

auf(up)ftBrcn; jcr — , destroy 
bic StiJrung, disturbance; 3er — 
bcr ©tijrcnfricb (peace), mischief- 
maker 
ungcftort, unmolested 
tJCrftiJrt, disturbed; bic SBerftbrtt)cit 



i86 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



724. ft of? c n (ft ic I? , qe ' 

ft fj e n) , thrust, push 

obftofjen, push off a boat, repel; 
on — , offend, clink glasses; 
avi§ — , cast out, utter; cin — , 
smash; um( about) — , over- 
throw; tjcr — , repudiate, trans- 
gress; »or — ; push forward; 
jcr — , pound; 511 — , happen, be- 
fall; 5ufammcn — , clash together, 
collide 
bie ?rbftof?ung, 2(u^ — , Urn — , 9Scr — 
ber Sto^, shock, blow, jolt 
bcr 9(nftofj, collision, offense; !SBer — , 
(wrong blow) blunder; 3ufflW= 
men — 
onftofjig, shocking; bic 9tnftopgfctt 
unumftb^Iid), irrefutable 
ftu^en (abftoRcn), curtail, crop 
ber Stumer, (originally, person 
wearing shortened clothes) 
beau, dandy, dude 
ftu^erbaft, dandyish 
ftut?en, be startled at 
ftu^ig, startled 

725. ft r a f c It , punish 

beftrofen, punish; bic !i8eftrofung 
ftrafbar, punishable; bic £trafbor= 

feit 
ftraflo^ (less), exempt from pun- 
ishment 
bic Straflofigfcit, impunity 
ftroflicf), punishable; bic ®troflic^= 

fcit 
bcr ©trofiing, convict 



726. ftraff, straight, 
tight, tense 

bic Strafff)ctt 
anftroffcn, tighten 

727. ft r a I) I c n , emit rays, 
radiate, beam 

OU^ftra^tcn, emit rays; bc — , beam 

upon 
bic 5(u^ftrat)Iung, S8c — 
bcr S trot) I, beam, ray 

728. ft r a m m , tight, 
sturdy, burly 

bic Stramnxf)ett 

729. bcr Stranb, strand, 
shore, beach 

ftronbcn, be beached, run ashore 
bic Stronbung 

730. bcr Strong, string, rope 

flbftrangcn, (string off) unharness; 

an(on) — 
onftrcngen, strain, exert; fid) iibcr= 

(over) — 
bic Slnftrengung, Ubcr — 
ftrcng, gc — , (strong) severe, rigid 
bic Strcngc 

731. f t r e b c n , strive, endeavor 

onftrcbcn, strive for; bc — , exert, 
endeavor; hjibcr( against) — , re- 
sist 

bO)^ Strcbcn, effort, endeavor; 
S8c — ; SSibcr — , reluctance 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



187 



bcr Strcftcr, ambitious person bcr Stnftri^, house painting; Sanb* 

ftrcbfam, ambitious; bic £ttc6fom= — , tract of land 

(cit ftrt^ttJcifc, here and there 



732. ft r c tf c It , stretch, extend 

ou^ftrcdcn, fid) cr— , extend; tioIf= 
(full) — , stretch to the end, 
carry out, execute; ttor — , ad- 
vance 

bcr 2^cftoment^Boflftrc(fer, executor 

bic Strcdc, stretch, extent, dis- 
tance 

fh-ccffior, ductile; btc Strccffearfctt 

ftrod^, fcf)nur( snare, string) — , 
straightways, immediately 

bcr ©trid, line, rope; bic — letter, 
rope ladder 

ftridcn, knit 

bcftriden, urn — , tier — , entangle, 
ensnare 

733. ftrctdfcn (ft rid), gc = 
ft r i d) c tt) , strike, pass softly 
over 

abftrcid)en, check ofT; on — , check 
off, paint with a brush; an^ — •, 
cancel; ht — , spread over; {)cr= 
au^ — , underscore, praise; uilt= 
^cr — , roam about; tier — , 
elapse, pass away 

bcr ©trcid), stroke, blow 

bcr 9lnftrcid)cr, house-painter; 
2aitb — , vagrant 

ftrcid)eltt, caress; bic Strct^clci 

bcr ©trid^, stroke, line, dash, 
tract 



734. bcr Strcif, ©treifen 

stripe, streak 

ftrcifen, move in narrow lines, 

leave a mark, graze 
bcr ©trcifboitb (btnbeit), newspaper 

wrapper 
ftrcifen, strip; ab(off) — , an(on) — , 

iiber(over) — 

735. bcr S t r c i t , strife, 
dispute, quarrel 

bcr aBctt(bet)ftrcit, contest 
bcr ©treitcr, warrior, disputant 
ftrcitbar, able to fight; — ig, dis- 
putable 
bic ©treitbarfcit, ©trcitigfeit 
ftrciten (ftritt, geftritten), quarrel, 

fight 
abftrciten, deny; 6c — , contest, 

dispute 
bcftrcitbor, contestable 
unbcftrittcn, uncontested 

736. ft r c u c n , strew 

aui^ftrcucn, scatter; Be — , sprinkle; 

tier — , disperse; jcr — , scatter; 

ftd) 5cr — , seek diversion 
bic gcrftreuung 
Scrftreut, absent-minded; bic 3cr= 

ftrcutftcit 
btti^ ©trot), straw 
bic ©treu, litter, bed of straw 



i88 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



737. ft r I ^ c n , stroll about 
bcr ©trold^, tramp, vagabond 

738. bcr Strom, (stream) 

river 

bic Strbmung, current 
ftromabtuart^ (downward), — auf= 

ttjort^ 
ftrijmen, stream, flow; au§ — , 

ent — , escape; iificr — , overflow 
bic 5(usiftri3mung, escape, puff 

(steam) 

739. ha§ © t ii d , piece, part, 

cannon 

has S8ru^(brcd)cn) — , fragment; 

5^rilf)( early) — , breakfast, lunch; 

@runb( ground)—, lot, property 
friififturfcn 

ftiirfcln, patch up; jcr — , dismember 
bic Serftiirfelwwfl 

740. bic S t u f c , step, 
degree, grade 

ftufcnhicifc, by degrees, gradually 
obftufcn, grade; bic 9ltftufiing 
bie Stoffcl, step, rundle, round 
bic Staff clci, easel 

741. bcr Stumpf, stump, 
trunk 

ftumpf, blunt, obtuse, dull 
ofiftumpfcn, stupefy; bie 3(6ftutn<)= 

fung 
obgcftumpft, blunted, dull, obtuse 
bcr Stiimper, bungler; bie — ci, 

bungling 



ftijmper{)aft, unskilled 
bcr Stummcl, stump, remnant, end 
bcrftiimmc(n, mutilate; bic S8cr= 
ftiimmclung 

742. bic ^tun'bt , (stand, stop, 
mark on the dial) hour, lesson 

bcr Stunbenplan, schedule of studies 
ftunblitf), every hour 
ftunbcn, allow an extension of time 
bic Stunbung 

743. bcr Sturm, storm 
bcr 5(nfturm, assault by storm 
ftiirmifd), stormy 
ftiirmcn, storm, assault, roar; be — , 

assault, importune; cr — , take 

by assault 
bie SBeftiirmung, @r — 

744. ftiirjcn, (start, startle) 

tumble, overthrow, rush, plunge 

cinftiirscit, cave in; fid) iibcr — , act 

rashly; um — , upset, overturn 
bcr Sturj, rush, fall, tumble 
bcr ©infturj, Um — 
bcr Umftiirstcr, revolutionist 
bic iibcrftiirjung, rash act 
bic Stiirje, pot-lid 
beftiirjt, perplexed; bic SBcftiirjung 

745. fudjcn, (sough-t) seek, 
search, look for 

ou^fucf)cn, pick out; be — , seek at 
home, visit; er — , seek a favor, 
request; Ijcim — , search the 
home, afflict; naitf — , apply for; 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



189 



Uttter — , search, examine; ttcr — , 
search for, experiment, try, 
tempt 
bcr Scfuc^, visit; ha§ @efu(^, ap- 
plication; bet S8cr — , experi- 
ment, trial 
bcr SBcfudjcr; SScr — , tempter 
bic ^cimfud)ung, Untcr— ; 9Scr— , 

temptation 
bic Sucf)C, search, quest; bcr ©UC^cr 
bo^ 2lnfu(f)cn, application; @r — , 
request 

746. bcr Sum^jf, [s-w-amp) 
hog, marsh 

fumpftg, boggy, marshy 
tierfumpfcn, become marshy, lose 
one's character 

747. bie Siinbc, sin 

bcr ©iinbcr, sinner; btc — ^in 
fiinbljnft sinful; bic Siinbljaftigfcit 
fiinbig, sinful; bic ©iinbigfcit 
fiinbigcn, sin; firf) tjcr — , sin against, 

wrong 
bic ©iinbflut, 8intput, world's 

flood, deluge 

748. f ii ft , sweet 
fiiftHd), sweetish; ticrfuftctt 

749. bcr 2; b c t , Uame, 
fault, censure, reproach 

tabclf)0ft, faulty; — lo^ (less) 
tabcin, blame, censure 
bcr stabler, faultfinder 



750. bic X a f c I , table, 
tablet, board, plate 

tafcitt, enjoy a meal 
tiifcttt, board, wainscot 
bic 2'dfclung, boig GJctofct 

751. bcr 2: g , day 

toglid), daily 

bcr 2^agcgontiru(^ (brc(^cit, break), 

dawn 
bctagt, aged, elderly; bic ^Bctogt^cit 
tagcn, dawn, hold a meeting; 

tier — , adjourn 
bic Jagung, convention; SScr — 

752. t ft n b c I n , dandle, trifle 

i)cr S^ftnbler, bic Iftnbclci 
ber 2^anb, prattle, trifles 

753. bic S: a n n c , pine tree 

bcr Xann, pine forest 
tanncn, made of pine 

754. bcr X a It 3 , dance 

bcr 2:on3cr, bic — in 

tonjen, dance; tier — , wear out by 

dancing 
tanjcln, skip about, prance 
"ba^ 2^an3rf)cn, short dance 

755. bic 2^apctc, {tapestry) 
wall-paper 

bcr 2'a<JC5icr(cr), paper-hanger 
tapcjieren, paper 

ouf^ Zaifti bringen, (bring on the 
table) broach 



190 



A PEACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCEENTITIC 



756. topfcr, (dapper, lively) 
brave, gallant 

blc ^apferfctt, valor, bravery 

757. b t c 2: f d) c , pocket, 
pouch 

bcr Sofdienbieb (thief), pickpocket; 
bo^ — gclb (money), — mcffcr 
(knife) ; bo^ —tud) (cloth) , hand- 
kerchief; btc — u()r, watch 

758. 1 ft c n, feel, grope about 

bctoftcn, touch, handle 

btc Softc, key; 2:oftat,ur, keyboard 

(typewriter) 
bic Xai^e, paw 

759. bcr Xan, (thaw) dew 

bcr 9JJcI)ltou, mildew 

taucn, dew, thaw 

tocrbaucn, digest 

tierbauUd), digestible; btc aSerbou= 

lidjfctt 
btc JBcrbouung, digestion 
ba^ Xau, tow, cable 

760. tauh , deaf 

tttubfhtmtn, deaf and dumb 
bic 2autil)eit, deafness 
bctfiubctt, deafen, stun; bic S3e* 
taubung 

761. t u d) c n , ( duck) 
dive, dip 

au^taud)tn, loom up; cttt — , dip in; 

uttter — , dip, dive 
bcr ^^au^cr, diver 



762. toufctt, {dip) christen, 

baptize 

bic Itailfc, baptism, christening 
bcr Jaufnamc, Christian name; 

— potc, god-father; bic — potttt; 

bcr — fdjcin, certificate 
bcr Udufcr, baptist 
bcr !Jaufltng, child to be baptized 

763. tougcn, (doughty, deft) 
be worth, fit, be good for 

tougUd), able, fit; bic Sauglidjfcit 

bcr 2^augcnid)t^ (nothing), ne'er- 
do-well, good-for-nothing 

tiid)ttg, (doughty) able, apt, quali- 
fied 

bic 2^iid)ttgfctt 

bic Jugcnb, virtue 

tugcnbl)aft, virtuous 

764. t a u nt c I It , reel, stagger 

bcr 2'aumcl, reeling, giddiness 
tummcln, put in motion; ft(ft 

I)crum — , bustle about 
bcr S^ummclpla^, wrestling place 
btti^ ©ctiintmcl, bustle, turmoil 

765. t a u f d) C Jt , exchange, barter 

ticrtaufdjen, mistake for 
bcr !Joufd), exchange, barter 
toufd)Ctt, exchange, substitute, de- 
ceive 
bic 2'aufd)ung, illusion, deception 
cttttSufdjcn, disillusion, disappoint 
bic 6'nttoufd)ung 
bcr 9iofetaufd)cr, horse-dealer 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



191 



766. t a u f c n «) , thousand 

bcr !Jaufcnt>, {stands for the devil) 

deuce 
^Ot^icorruption of ©flttcl) touf enb, 

the deuce 

767. bcr Jcirf), (dike) pond 
bcr X^cid), dike 

cin( in) bcicfjcn, um(around) — , pro- 
tect by a dike 

768. bcr 2' C i I , deal, part, 
share, portion 

bcr Slntctl, share, share in other 
persons' misfortune, sympathy; 
Jpintcr(hind) — , stern; 3^orbcr= 
(further, front) — , prow 

bcr Syor(fore, first) tcU, first, best 
part, profit, advantage; 9}0(^ — , 
disadvantage 

tjortciffjaft, advantageous 

uOcrtiortcitcn, defraud; bic Ubcr= 
tiortcilung 

nati^tcilig, disadvantageous, in- 
jurious 

5cna(^tetngcn, prejudice, injure, 
hurt 

bic 23cnorf)tciligung 

ba^ 2;cUd)cn, particle 

tctlbar, divisible; bic Zeilbaxfeit 

tcilfjabcn, have a share in, par- 
ticipate 

bcr 2'cit{)o6cr, partner; bic — frf)aft 

tci(ncf)mcn, share in, sympathize 

bic Xeiinaiime, sympathy 

tci(f)aftig, partaking 

tciy, partly; teittocifc, in part 



tcilcn, divide 

abtcilcn, partition off; flul — , deal 
out; cin — , arrange; cr— , issue; 
ttlit — , share with others, im- 
part; t)cr — , distribute; jcr— , 
dissect, dismember; 5U — , assign 

bic Xcilung, 2(1)—, 2lu^— ©in—, 
6-r— aWit— SBcr— , ^cr— 
8u- 

bcr 9{btcil, section of a car 

tcl (tcit), is used in the formation 
effractions: t>a^ Sicbcntcl, sev- 
enth 

fid) bctciligcn, participate in 

bic JBctciligung 

bcr SBcteiligtc, party concerned 

769. t C u C r , dear, costly, 

expensive 

bic Xcucrung, 2^cucrfcit, dearth 

ticrtcucrn, raise the price 

bic JBcrtcucrung 

bctcucrn, (make true) aver, affirm 

bic Setcucrung 

770. bcr ^ c u f c I , devil 

bic Jeufclei, deviltry 

tcuftifcf), diabolical 

tocrtcufcU, with a vengeance 

bcr 3flubcr, incantation, spell, 

enchantment 
bcr 3fl«ticrcr, sorcerer; bic 3ttU' 

bcrin 
Saubcrifc^, enchanting 
joubcrn, practise witchcraft; be — , 

charm 
bic SBcjoubcrung 



192 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



771. bcr 2;^ron, throne 
t^roncn, sit enthroned, reign 

772. ticf, deep 

bcr 2:tefgong (gcl)en), draught of a 

ship; — finn (sense), melancholy 
bte ittcfc, depth; Un — , shallow 

place 
ticrtiefcn, deepen; ft(f) tier — in, be 

lost, be absorbed in 
bic SBcrtiefung, deepening, cavity, 

recess 
bic S^cufc, depth of a mine 
tcufen, deepen a mine 

773. ba^ ^icr, [deer) 

animal, beast 
ticrifd^, animal, brutal, bestial 
bic !ticrf)cit, animal nature 
bcrticrt, bestial, savage 

774. t i I g c n , eface, annul 

ou^tilgcn, »cr — , exterminate 

bic S:ilgung, liquidation, payment; 

2tu§— SBcr— 
tilgfiar, redeemable; bic S^itgfiorfeit 

775. bcr 2:if(^, (dish) table 
bet !Jifd)Icr, cabinet-maker; bic 

— ci (shop) 
auftif(f)cn, serve up, dish up 

776. t b c n , act foolishly, rage 
bic 2^otifud)t (ftcd), sick), madness, 

delirium, insanity 
tot)fud)tig 
ou^toticn, sow one's wild oats 



777. bcr Z o'i>, death 

tbblicf), mortal, deadly 

tot, dead 

bcr (Sd)cintob, apparent death, 

coma 
totcn, kill; ab — , deaden, mortify 
bic faljrlttffigc (let go, careless) 

2;btung, homicide 

778. toll, {dull) mad, frantic 
bic S^oIIficit, madness; bo;^ — ^au^, 

lunatic asylum 
fic^ au^tottcn, sow one's wild oats 

779. bcr X on , tone, 
sound, accent 

tonongcbcnb, (giving the tone) 
leading the fashion; — lo^ (less), 
unaccented 
ein(one)tbnig, monotonous; bic 

©intbnigfcit 
tbncn, sound, resound 
Jt)ol)l(well)tbnenb, melodious 
bctoncn, accentuate, emphasize 
bic S3ctonung 

780. bcr 2: )J f , (ttib) pot 
bcr Stopfer, potter 

781. bcr 2: r , (dizzy) fool, 

simpleton 

bic 2^orl)cit, folly 
tiiric^t, foolish, silly 
bctijrcn, delude; bic 58ctbrung 

782. t f c It , roar 
bo^ 2:ofcn, ©ctbfc 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



193 



783. t r a b c n , trot, run 

bcr Zxab, trot 
ber !j:rabcr, trotter 
bic S:rat)rcnn(run)6af)n (track), 
speedway 

784. t r d) t c n , ( Lat. tractare) 
strive after, endeavor 

bctro^tcn, (aim at) view, contem- 
plate, consider 

bctrad)ta^, considerable, impor- 
tant 

bic S8ctrocf)tung 

in 5(nbetrac{)t, in consideration of 

bic G^introd)t, (one aim) harmony 

ctntroditig, bic eintrad)tigfcit 

bic 3tt)tc(two)tracl)t, discord 

5tt)ictract)tig 

ntcbct(beneath, low)tratf)tig, base, 
abject 

bic DJicbcrtrfidjtigfcit 

785. tragcn (trug, gctra* 
gen), (draii) carry, bear, wear 

ontragctt, carry to, offer, propose; 
auf — , put on one's shoulders, 
give an order, instruct; bc — , 
accumulate, amount to; fid) 
be — , carry oneself, conduct one- 
self, behave; bet—, add, con- 
tribute; etn — , make an entry, 
bring profit; cr — , bear; iibcr — , 
transmit, transfer; tier — , bear, 
endure; fi^ Ucr — , bear each 
other, agree; »or— , carry be- 
fore an audience, lecture, recite; 



fi^ 5U — , carry itself (move) 
toward, turn up, take place 

bic ©introgung, ©r — , Uber — 

t)a§ SBctrogcn, conduct 

ber Slntrog, offer, proposal; 3luf— , 
order; S8e — , amount; S8ci — , 
contribution; ©r — , produce, 
profit, output; 9?cr— , agree- 
ment; SSor — , lecture 

beantragen, make a motion 

beauftrogen, commission, order 

etntrogUcf), (bringing in) profitable 

ertrfiglid), tolerable 

nacbtrdglicb, (brought afterward) 
subsequent; Bcr — , peaceable; 
5U — , carrying to, adding, bene- 
ficial 

bic Untiertragltd)feit, incompatibil- 
ity of temper 

tragbar, portable; uber—, trans- 
ferable 

btc iibcrtrogbarfcit 

bic Xrogc, litter 

bcr Jragcr, carrier, beam 

ber 58rtcf( letter) trager; ^ofcn(ho- 
siery) — , suspenders 

bic 2'rarf)t, load, fashion, costume 

786. b i e 2; r a n c , tear 
trfinenlccr (empty) , tearless 
triincn, run with tears 

787. bic 2^roubc, grape 
bic aScintraube, bunch of grapes 

788. bic Jroucr, (drear-y) 
mourning, sorrow, affliction 

ber Xroucrmarfd), funeral march; 



194 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bo^ — fptcl/ tragedy; bic — hjcibc, 

weeping willow 
traurtg, (dreary) sad, sorrowful 
bic Iraurigfcit 
troucrn, mourn; Dc — , bemoan 

789. bcr Irautn, dream 

ba^ Jroumbilb ( picture) ; — gcfidjt 

(sight), vision 
bcr Xriiumcr, dreamer 
traumcrifd), fanciful, visionary 
troumcn, dream; »cr — , dream away 

790. treffcn (traf, gctrof = 
fen), {drub) hit, catch, meet 

onbctrcffcn, regard; an—, meet at 
home; be—, hit, point at, regard; 
cin(in) — , hit into, reach, arrive; 
iibcr — , (overhit) surpass, excel; 
5U— , hit at, prove right; 5U= 
fammcn— , meet, collide 
trcffcnb, striking 

trcfflid), making a hit, excellent; 
uniibcr — , unsurpassable; tior — , 
(outstriking) excellent 
bic Ircfflicfjfcit, Uniibcr— , SBor- 
bctrcrfcnb, bctrcp, in SBctrcff, re- 
garding, in regard to 
bcr trcffcr, hit, prize (lottery) 
bO':^ Ircffen, collision, battle, fight; 
^tntcr(be-hind)— , rear-guard; 
9Sorbcr(for\vard, front)—, van- 
guard; 3ufanmcn( together)—, 
coincidence 
trtftig, striking, weighty, cogent 
bic SrtftigMt 



791. tret ben (tv'ich , ge- 
tr ic b en), drive 

obtrciben, drive away, drift off 
(boat); an—, drive on, incite; 
au^— , expel; be—, carry on, 
operate; ctn — , drive in (to), col- 
lect (money, originally cattle); 
()inter — , drive behind, remove, 
frustrate; iibcr — , drive too far, 
exaggerate; tocr- , drive away, 
pass (time), sell (goods); JU' 
riid(back) — 
bic 5(us!trcibung, 6tn— , Winter-, 

Ubcr— , «cr— 
ba§ 2'rciben, carrying on, act, 
doings; Se— , instance, instiga- 
tion 
bcr treiber, driver, beater (hunt) 
ba§ Jrcibci^, floating ice; — {)au^, 
hothouse; bic — jogb (hunt); 
bic — fraft, impiilsive power 
bcr Jricb, impulse, bent, propen- 
sity' 
bcr Wntricb, impulse; 23c—, oper- 
' ation, instigation; 9Scr — , cart- 
ing away, sale 
bctricbfom, industrious; bic SBc- 

tricbfamfcit 
"!)&§ (^ctricbc, machinery 
bic Sricbfcbcr (feather, spring), 
elastic spring; bic — froft, pro- 
pelling power; btt'^ — rab, spring 
wheel; bcr — fanb, quicksand; 
ba^ — hJcrf, machinery, mech- 
anism 
bic Irift, drift, pasturage 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



195 



792. t r en n c n , (tear) 
separate, sever 
bic 2'rcnnung, separation 
trenndar, separable; bic S'rcnnbar- 

feit 
abtriinnig, rebellious, faithless 
bic 3t6triinnigfcit 

793. bic Xve^pe , step, stairs 
bic 2Benbc(trc^Jpc, winding stairs 

794. trctcn (trot, gc = 
t r c t c n), tread, step {trade} 

abtrctcn, step away, cede; an — , 
step near, fall in line, take the 
first step; auf — , step upon (the 
stage) , appear; au^ — , step out, 
resign; bc — , step upon, enter; 
6ci — , step by, near, join a club; 
iibcr — , transgress, trespass, 
change party, religion; tier — , 
step into a person's place, sub- 
stitute; ben SSeg (way) tier — , 
step across, obstruct; ^cr — , 
tread under foot; juritcf ( back) = 
— , withdraw, resign 

bie 5(btretung, cessation; U6er — , 
misdemeanor; SKcr — 

bcr ilbcrtreter, transgressor; 23er= 
— , representative, agent 

betrctcn, disconcerted, confused; 
bie 58ctrctcnt)cit 

ber Jritt, pace, step, kick 

bcr 3(ntritt, beginning; 'SCuf — , ap- 
pearance of an actor, scene, 
falling out; 3(u^ — , resignation; 



SBci- 



admission to a club; 



(Sin — , entrance; OJiid — , with- 
drawal; ilbcr — , conversion; 
SSor, — precedence 
ia§ Xvittbtett, foot board 

795. t r C u , true, loyal, failliful 

untrcu, faithless, perfidious 

tieruntreucn, embezzle; bic Ii8erun= 
treuung 

ttculo'^ faithless; bic S'rculofigfeit 

bie Xreue, fidelity, loyalty 

bcr Jreubrucf) (Iiredien), breach of 
faith 

treuDriicf)ig, faithless 

treuUc^, truly, trustily 

gctreu, — lid), faithful, trusty, loyal 

trauen, trust, confide 

fid) trauen, fid) ge — , venture, dare 

trauen, (troth) marry 

fid) trauen laffcn (let), get married 

ber J^rauring; bic — ung, wedding 
ceremony 

antrauen, unite in marriage 

trauUd), genial, familiar; tier — , con- 
fidential ; 5U — , confiding, trustful 

bic Jrau(id)feit, S8er — , 3" — 

tfa^ iCertroucn, 3" — t confidence, 
trust 

ticrtraut mit, (entrusted with) 
familiar with 

bic sycrtrauttjcit 

bcr Jroft, (trust in God) consola- 
tion, comfort 

troftlo:^, inconsolable; — rcic^ 
(rich), consolatory 

bie Xrofttofigfeit 



196 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



trbftlt^, comfortable 

(jctroft, confident, courageous 

trbftcn, comfort, console; tier — , 

give fair hopes 
bic Xrijftung, ikr — , bcr 2^rbftcr 

796. tricfcn (troff, gc = 

t r f f e n), drip 

ha§ 2'ncfaugc, running eye; trtcf= 

ougtg 
bic 2:raufe, eaves 
troufcin, drip, drop; ctn — , infuse 

by drops 
bcr 2^ropfcn, drop; bcr Jropf, dunce 
tro^jfenwcifc, by drops 
bcr Jropfftcin (stone), stalactite 
tropfcn, drop, drip; triipfcin, trickle 

797. trtnfcn (tronf, gc = 

t r u nf c n), drink 

ftdj fietrinfcn, become intoxicated, 
get drunk 

crtrtnfcn, (drench) drown 

bcr ;jrinfbcd)cr (beaker), drinking 
cup; ha^ — gclb (money), tip; 
bic — i)a\ic, soda fountain;- bcr 
— fprucft (fprcdjcn, speak), toast; 
ba§ — moffcr (water) 

bcr Jrinfcr, drinker, drunkard 

bcr J^runf, draught, drinking, drun- 
kenness 

trunfcn, drunk, drunken, elated 

bcr S^runfenbolb, drunkard; bic 
— ()cit, drunkenness, intoxication 

bcr 2:ranf, t>a^ ©ctranf, drink, 
beverage 

trintdor, drinkable; bic J'rinfbarfcit 



tronfcn, (cause to drink) drench, 
water, soak, saturate; burc^^ 
(through) — , saturate 

crtranfcn, (cause to be drowned) 
drown 

bic 2^ronfc, watering-place 

798. t r (f c n , dry, arid, 
barren 

bic 2'rocfcn()cit, dryness 

abtrocfncn, wipe, dry; ou5{out) — , 
dry up, parch; cin — , dry in, 
shrink; tier — , dry up, wither 

799. bic Jrommel, drum, 
barrel 

ha§ 2'rommcffctt (pelt, skin), tym- 
panum 
bcr 2^rommIcr, trommctn 

800. bie Xv omp ttc , trumpet 
bcr Strottipcter, trompcten 

801. bcr 2" r f? , baggage 
of an army 

ber Zto^bubc (boj-), — fncdjt (ser- 
vant) , ha^ — ))f crb ( horse) , bcr 
— mogcn (wagon) 

802. ber S^ r 1 1 , trot 
trotten, trotticrcn, trot, drudge 
\>a^ Xrottoir, sidewalk 

803. ber Zx ot^ , scorn, spite 

bcr 2'ro^fopf (head), pig-headed 

fellow 
tro^ig defiant, sulky 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



197 



troftcn, defy, be obstinate; ob — , 

cr — , obtain by defiance 
trofe, (prep, with gen.) in spite of 
ba^ Xruljbiinbni!? ( btnbcn) , offensive 
alliance 

804. txubt, gloomy, cloudy, 
dull 

bic 2'rubfal, affliction, misery 
triibfcfig, woeful; bie Sriibfclig^ 

fcit 
bcr STriibfinn (sense), sadness, de- 
jection 
trubftnnig, bic Jriibfinnigfcit 
bic 2^rii5()cit, cloudiness, dulness 
triiben, trouble, sadden; be — , 

afflict, grieve 
bic Setriibtfjcit, affliction, grief, 
distress 

805. triigcn (trog, gctro = 
gen), deceive 

betriigeit, deceive, cheat, defraud 

ber Jrug, deceit, fraud 

2ug (liigcn, lie) unb S:rug, fraud 

and falsehood 
bo^ Xrugbifb (picture), phantom; 

bcr — fc^fu^ (fc^tiet?en, close, 

conclude) , fallacy 
triigerifcf), fallacious, deceitful 
triigficf), fallacious, illusory 
bie Jriiglic{)fcit 
ber Setrug, fraud; bcr 93etriigcr, 

impostor; bie 83etriigcrct, fraudu- 

lence 
bctriigcrifc^, fraudulent, deceitful 



806. ber Xriimmer, {thrum) 
fragments, ruins, wreck 

triimmcrbaft, ruinous 
Scrtriimmern, demolish; bic ^tx= 
triimmcrung 

807. bcr Xxvki^a^n , turkey 

bic 2^rut^ennc (hen), bic Jrutbitbncr 

(chickens) 

808. ba§ S;udj, [duck, light 
canvas) cloth; plur. X u 6) t 
(goods) , Xnti) et (cut cloth) 

btt^ Jpal^( throat) tu(i^, neckerchief; 
Sd)nut>f( snuff) — , handkerchief; 
2'ofd)cn( pocket) — , handker- 
chief; S:ift^( table)—; 9Sif(^= 
(wash) — , rag 

i)a§ Jiidjctcbcn, S'iid^Icin, little shawl 

tu(^cn, made of cloth 

809. bic 2; ii d c , malice 

tiicfifd^, malicious, trickish 

bic ^cimtiirfc, malice, malignity 

^cimtiitfifc^ 

810. tun (tat, g ct an), do 

obtun, (do off, doff) do away with, 
settle; on — , (do on, don) put 
on; ouf — , put on, pour on, 
open; gcnug( enough) — , satisfy; 
groR( great) — , boast; ftdf) berttor= 
(forward) — , distinguish oneself; 
mit(with others) — , join; h)Obf= 
(well) — , benefit, befriend; ju — , 
(put towards, add) help 



198 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



tunlid), feasible, practicable 

bic 2^unltcf)fctt 

bcr ®r outlier, braggart; bic — ci 

bic OJenufltumig, satisfaction 

bcr Untertan, (underdone, under- 
ling) subject 

uittcrtanig, humble, obsequious 

bic Untcrtfinigfcit 

bic Xat, deed, act, action 

bie OJrofjf great) tat, achievement, 
exploit; SlBo()I(well) — , good 
action, benefit; Un — , misdeed; 
3u — , addition, ingredient 

bcr J^atdcftanb (standing, state), 
facts of a case; bic — fraft 
(power), energy; bic — fflcf)C, 
matter of fact 

tatfroftig, energetic; — ffidjlid), 
actual, based on facts 

tatcnto^, deedless, inactive; — rcidf) 
(rich), fruitful in achievements 

bic ^^otcnlofigfcit 

bcr Sater, doer 

bcr Ulic((evil)tatcr, perpetrator; 



2Bof)I- 



benefactor 



tdtig, active; mi(b(mild) — , be- 
nevolent; h)0()( — , charitable 

bic Xtttigfeit, m\it>—, 9Bt)t)(— 

ficf) bctdtigcn, take an active part 
in 

bic SBctfittgung 

811. bic Xun(i)C, (tinge) 

whitewash 

bcr 2'un(f|cr 

tuncl)cn, iibcr — , whitewash, gloss 
over 



812. bcr Xnxm , tower, steeple 

bO'^ Jiirmcf)cn, turret 

bcr ?(u^ncf)t^( outlook, view)turm, 
observatory; .Qircf)( church) — , 
steeple; 2cuc^t( light) — , light- 
house 

bcr X^iirmcr, warden of a tower, 
jailer 

tiirmcn, ouf— , pile up; fid) ouf— , 
rise high 

813. t u r n c n , practise 

gymnastics 

"Qa^ Sc^ou(show)turncn, gymnastic 
contest 

bcr burner, gymnast; 5Sor — , 
leader 

bic Jurncrfcfiaft, athletic associa- 
tion 

"ba^ Xurnctt, gymnastic exercises 

bic Jurnonftalt (institute), gym- 
nasium; — fal)rt (fare, ride), ex- 
cursion of gymnasts; ba^ — gcrfit 
(apparatus); bie — I)aflc, bcr 
— faal (saloon), gymnasium; 
bcr — Icftrcr ( teacher) ; bcr — = 
^\a^ (place), drill ground; bcr 
— ticrcin (one, union), athletic 
club 

814. bo§ 2!urnicr 

tournament 

bcr Turnicr^jfab (place), tilt-yard 

815. t u f d) C n , {re-touch) draw 
with Indian ink 

bic Xuidie, Indian ink 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



199 



bcr Xufc^faftcn (chest), color box 
tocrtufd^cn, obliterate, hush up 
bic l!j>crtufcl)ung 

816. bcr Xtjrann, tyrant 

bic :j^i)ronnci, tijronnifc^, ti)rttnni= 
ficrcn 

817. it 6 C I , evil, ill, had 

uDc(nc()mcn, take amiss; ul)clncl^= 
mifd), cross-grained, touchy 

ticriibctn, take amiss; bic SBcritbc- 
lung 

bo^ i'lbcl, evil, injury, hurt 

bic iibcHcit, nausea; bcr — ftanb 
(standing, state), defect, draw- 
back; bic — iai, misdeed, crime; 
bcr — tdtcr, evil-doer, criminal; 
bo§ — JBottcn {V3\{i, will), hostile 
disposition 

iiticlttJoflcnb, malevolent 

818. ii 6 C It , operate, exercise, 
practise 

au^iibcn, execute, exercise; cttt= 
(in) — , study, train; tier — ■, com- 
mit, perpetrate 

bic iidung, exercise 

bttig iiOung^bud) (book) ; bcr — ftoff 
(stuff), material 

ungciibt, untrained, inexperienced 

udlid), usual, customary 

bic 5(u^iibung, ©in — , SScr— 

bic Jinflcriifiung, 2cfc( reading) — , 
«cf)tcft(shoot, target) — ; 9?or= 
(fore) — , preliminary exercise 



819. it 6 cr , over 

itl6crbtcS ( this) , besides, moreover 
iiferig, left over; bic — en, the others 
iibrigctt^, for the rest, besides 
eriiljrigcn, (keep over) save, spare 

820. bo^ Ufcr, bank 
ufcrto^, shoreless 

821. bic U I) r , [hour) watch, 

clock 

bic Ufirfcbcr (feather, spring); 'Ha^ 
— gc{)(iufc (house), case; bic 
— tcttc (chain), bcr — madjcr 
(maker), ba^ — totxt (work) 

bic 5iorma(( normal, standard) - 
uf)r; Sonnctt — , sun dial; Za.- 
f d)cn( pocket) — , Xurm( tower) — , 
SSed(wake, alarm) — 

jhjct Ut)rcn, two clocks 

jwci \\i\x, two o'clock 

822. bcr U n f t a t , filth, dirt 

uttffcittg, filthy, nasty; bic Uttfltttig- 
fcit 

823. uitgcf)cuer, monstrous, 

prodigious, immense 

gei)CUCr, unhaunted 

ba^ Ungc()cucr, monster, prodigy 

824. u n g c ft it tit , uncheckahle, 

impetuous 

"aa^ Ungcftitttt 

825. "ba.^ Urtcil {ordeal, ancient 
form of trial by fire or water, 



20O 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



divine decision) judgment, sen- 
tence, opinion, verdict 

urteU^fa()ig, capable of judgment 

bic Urtci(!?foI)igfeit 

mteiislo^, brainless; bie Urtctl^^ 

lofigfeit 
bo^ 2:obc^( death) urtcil; S8or — , 

prejudice 
urtcilcn, judge, decide 
aburtctlcn, decide finally; 6c — , 

judge, decide; Dcr— , condemn 
bie 3(t)urtd(ung, 93c — , SBcr — 
bcr S8curtci(er, judge, critic 

826. b c r » t c r , father 

t>a§ SSatcrlanb, native country; bic 
— ftabt, native town; — ftcUc, 
father's place; bo^ — unfcr, 
Lord's Prayer 

bcr Satcrlanb^frcunb, patriot; bic 
— licbc, patriotism 

bcr SBfltcr^nomc, surname 

batcrlonb^Io^ (less) 

bcr (yrofj( great, grand) tiatcr, Ur^ 
groiJ(great grand) — ; 9{ alien = . 
(raven) — , unnatural father; 
©djhjiegcr — , father-in-law; 
2Baifen — , superintendent of an 
orphan asylum 

biitcr Hd), paternal; — crfcit^ (bic 
©cite, side) 

bcr ©ctiattcr, (co-father) god-fa- 
ther; bic — in, god-mother; bic 
— fd)nft, godfather( mother) ship 

bcr !iScttcr, cousin; bic — fdjaft, re- 
lationship 



827. bcrfiliiffcn (bluf),- 
dumbfound, startle 

bic 9Scrt)Iiifftf)cit 

828. ucrbricfjcn (ticrbrofi, 
tJcrbroffcn), vex, annoy, 
cause disgiist 

tocrbric^Iid), vexatious, peevish 

bic 5krbriej?(icl)fcit 

ticrbroffcn, displeased, unwilling 

bic 5l?crbroffcn()cit 

unticrbroffen, indefatigable 

bic UnBcrbroffcnIjcit 

bcr 5i?crbrufj, vexation, annoyance 

bcr iificrbru^, disgust, satiety 

iidcrbriiffig, weary of, tired of 

829. tocrgcffcn (ticrgaft, 
tocrgcffcn), forget 

bic 9?crgcffcn^cit, oblivion 
bcrgcfjiid), forgetful; bic fficrgc^^ 

lidjfcit 
b05i JBcrgiRmcinnidjt, forget-me-not 

830. tjcrgcubcn, waste, 

lavish, squander 

bic aScrgcubung 

831. bcrle^cn, {let in the 
sense of hinder) injurf, hurt 

bcrlc^bar, — lid), violable, vulner- 
able 
bic Unticrfcljlidjfcit, inviolability 
bic ikrlcijung, violation, hurt, 
offense 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



201 



832. bcrltcrcn (tjcrlor, 
tt c r I r c n) , lose 

bcr 2?crUerer, bic — in, loser 

ber syerluft, loss; bie — liftc, list of 

casualties 
Dcrlufttg gel)en (go), be lost 

833. bcr 58 c r ^ , verse, stanza 
ber S8er^6au (building), versifica- 
tion; ba^ — nttt^ (meffcn, meas- 
ure) , meter 
bcr 33ibcl( bible) tier^, scriptural 
quotation 

834. Dcrfc^ rcn, (sore) 
injure, hurt 
untjcrfe{)rt 

835. 'aa^ 58 i c I) , ( /("e, originally 
cattle used in trading) beast, 
brute, cattle 

"i^a^ aSic^futtcr, fodder, forage; bcr 
— ^anbcl (trade), bcr — f)onbIcr 
(dealer), bcr — I)t)f (hoof, yard), 
bcr — morft (market); btc — = 
fcud^c (fiec^, sick), cattle plague; 
bcr — ftoC; bcr — ftonb (stand- 
ing, state), stock; bcr — trcibcr 
(driver), drover; btc — trift 
(drift), pasture; bic — hjcibc 
(wade), pasture; bic ^5ucf)t 
(jtCf^cft draw, produce), cattle 
breeding; ber — 5iicf)tcr, stock- 
raiser 

ba^ ^orntiicl), 9Jinb — , black cattle; 
3uc^t — , cattle for breeding 

t)ieI)ifcJ), beastly, brutal 



836. t) t c I , much, many 

tiiclbcuttg (bcuten, mean), ambigu- 
ous; — ccfig (bic Gdc, edge, cor- 
ner) , polygonal; — crici, of many 
kinds, various; — fad), faftig, 
manifold; — ja()rig, of many 
years; — fiJpfig, many-headed; 
— mal, many times; — malig, 
often done, repeated; — mcljr 
(more), rather; — fagenb (say- 
ing), significant; — fcitig (bic 
Scite, side), versatile; — fitfiig, 
polysyllabic; — ftimmig, many- 
voiced; — hiiffenb, knowing much 

bic SBielbcutigfeit, — faltigfcit, — * 
feitigfeit 

bcr ISBielrtJiffcr, smatterer 

bic 58ictgbttcrci (OJott, God), poly- 
theism; bic — tocifierci (9Bcib, 
wife), polygamy 

bo^ SBicIlicbci^cn, fiUipeen 

bicflcidjt, (very lightly) perhaps 

bcr rtJictiiettc {imitation of ordijial 
numbers; the how-many-eth?) , 
which of a certain number? 

bcrttictfditigcn, manifold 

bic ScrBielfoItigung 

837. ti i c r , Jour 
bOj^ S8icrcd (bic (Jdc, edge, corner), 
square, quadrangle; bcr — fiJRlcr 
(foot), quadruped; ba^ — tcl, 
fourth, quarter 
biercdig; — fo(tig, quadruple; — = 
fitf?ig, — jafirig; — rabcrig {ia^ 
9Jab, wheel); — fcitig (bic ©cite, 
side), quadrilateral; — fil^ig^ 



202 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



quadrisyllabic; — fibifl, with 
four seats; — f^jfinnig, drawn by 
four horses; — tfigig, of four days 

titerten^, fourthly 

bo^ (iicDicrt, square 

838. b c r S8 g c t , (fou'l) 
bird ; plur. 58 b g c I 

ba§ JBogetbaucr (building), cage; 
bcr —f anger (fangcn, catch), 
fowler; ba^ — l)au^, aviary; ba^ 
— ncft; bic — pcrfpcftittc, bird's- 
eye view; bic — fcf)eud)e (shy), 
scarecrow; bcr — ftcUcr, fowler 

bcr SBogtcr, fowler 

tiogclfrci (free), outlawed, pro- 
scribed 

bcr 9ioub(rob)tiogct, bird of prey; 
Sing(song)— ; !©offcr— , water 
fowl; 3ug(5tcf)cn, pull, travel) — , 
migratory bird 

839. bal SBotf, (folk) people, 
nation ; plur. SB o I f c r 

bo^ S8oU'5fcft, public festival; bcr 
— f)aufc (heap), mob, crowd; 
bic — f)crrf(i)oft (mastery), de- 
mocracy; bic — f)l)mnc, national 
anthem; ba^ — Hcb (lay), folk- 
song, folk-lore; bic — Jticngc 
(many), crowd; bic — fdjulc, pub- 
lic school; bcr — ftamtn (stem), 
tribe; bic — jafitung (telling, 
counting) , census 

bic SBoHcrfunbc (fcnncn, know), 
ethnology; btt§ — rcrf)t (right), 
international law; bic — fcf)oft 



(ship), tribe, people; bic — h)an= 
bcrung (wandering), migration 
of nations 

t)iJlfcrrcd)tHd|, relating to inter- 
national law 

toolf^tiimlid), popular; bic S8oIf^= 
tiimlid)fcit 

beUolfcrn, populate; cnt — , de- 
populate 

bic SBctiiJtferung, population; (Jnt — 

840. tt U , full 

bo§ JBoflbab, plunge bath; bo^ 
— blut( blood) pfcrb, thorough- 
bred horse; bic — mad)t (might), 
power of attorney; bcr — monb 
(moon) 

tioUbtiitig (blood), plethoric; — = 
giftig (gclten, be worth), unex- 
ceptionable; — ja()rig (year), of 
age; ■ — fommcn, perfect, com- 
plete; — ftiinbig, complete; — = 
tt3icf)tig, of full weight; — 3af)Hg 
(tell, count), complete 

bic aSoflblutigfcit; — jfiftrifl^cit, full 
age, majority; — {ommcul)cit, 
— ftfinbigfcit 

DcrtooIIfommncn, perfect; bic 9Scr= 
uoflfommnung 

tocrooUfttinbigcn, complete; bic 5ycr= 
tiollftdnbigung 

bct)oUmod)tigcn, authorize; bic 58e= 
t)oUmod)tigung 

tooUbringcn, (bring to an end) ac- 
complish, perform, execute 

tiollenbcn, (end fully) finish, ac- 
complish 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



203 



ttoKfiiljren, (lead to the end) exe- 
cute 

tioUftredcn (stretch) , execute, carry 
out 

ttoCsicIjcn (draw), execute, fulfil 

i»tc SBoUcnbung, — fuf)rung, — ftref= 
fung, — sicljung 

UoUenti^, fully, altogether, wholly 

ttijllig, fully, entirely 

bic SBbflcrci, gluttony 

tiofler, full of 

841. tior {be-fore), before, 
in front of 

boron, before, in front, ahead; 
— ouf, in front; — au^ (out), 
beforehand; — bei, past, over, 
finished; — l)cr, a short time 
before; — j)in, a little while ago; 
— iibcr (over) , by, past, finished; 
— njfirt^, forward; — hjcg (way), 
from before 

borbem (this), formerly, of old 

tiorbcr, anterior, fore 

ber tjorberftc, foremost 

842. b c r S5 u I f a n , volcano 
ttulfamfc^ 

843. ttJ a d^ , [wake) awake 

ft)ncf)fam (some), watchful 

bic ill^acfjfomfcit 

tt)0cl)cn, wake, be awake, watch 

over 
ouf>t)Oc()cn, cr— , awake; be — , 

iiber — , guard 



bic aSaific, guard, watch; 9iacf)t= 
(night) — 

lt)0(f)t()abcnb (having), on guard, 
acting 

bo^ 9Barf)tf)au^, guardhouse; bcr 
— mciftcr (master), sergeant, 
major; bic — ^arabc, review of 
the soldiers on guard; bcr 
— poftcn, sentinel; 'Ha^ — f(J)iff, 
guard-ship 

bcr aSoditcr, watchman; 'Sia^U 
(night) — 

n»atfcr, awake, lively, gallant, 
brave 

ftjccfcn, (cause to be awake) wake, 
awake, rouse, call; ouf(up) — , 
rouse from sleep; cr — , resus- 
citate (the dead) 

bic @rtt)ccfung bcr Joten (dead) 

bcr 8Sccfcr, bic aSecfuI)r (hour, 
clock), alarm clock 

844. b ^ as tt d) ^ , wax 

bic aSacf)^figur (figure), tia^ — cn= 
fabinctt (cabinet, museum); bic 
— Icinttjanb (linen), oilcloth 

h)acf)fern, waxen 

hjidjfen, wax, polish; bic SSid^fc, 
blacking 

845. tt) dn" c n (rt) u d) i§ , g c = 
hJ d) f C n) , ( ivax) grow 

anltiodjfcn, grow on, increase; 
au^ — , grow out, shoot out; 
be — , overgrow; citt — , outgrow; 
er — , grow up, accrue from; 
iiber—, overgrow 



204 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bo!^ S35ad)^tum (dom), growth, in- 
crease 

bcr (frtt)ttd)fcnc, adult 

tjcrttjadjfen, ill-grown 

bcr 3u^i^'^r increase 

bcr 9Su^^, growth 

bcr 3lnn»U(I)^, increase; Stu^ — , 
outgrowth, excrescence; 9Jacf) — , 
aftergrowth 

I)alt)tt)iid)fig, half-grown; ur(old, 
first) — , original, strong 

bic Urtoiidjfigfcit 

ttaB ©cttjod)^, plant, vegetable, 
excrescence; bo^ — Ijau^, hot- 
house 

846. bic 9B a f f c , weapon, arm 

ber SBaffcnftitlftonb, armistice 

bic 5'C«cr(fire)>t)affc, ^anb — , 

Sd)U<?( protective, defensive) — 
hjoffnen, be — , arm; cnt — , disarm 
bic 23ett)nffnung, armament; @nt — 
btt!^ SBappcn, escutcheon, coat of 

arms 
njappnen, arm 

847. m a g c n , dare, venture 

)X)og()ot)tg (bcr ^ai^, neck), auda- 
cious 

bic 2Sogt)oIfigfeit 

ba^ 933agni^, risk, hazard; boi^ 
— ftiid ( piece) , hazardous enter- 
prise 

tcrtDcgcn, daring, audacious, bold 

bic sycrmcgcn^cit 



848. bcr aSagcn, {wain) 
wagon, carriage, car 

• 

bic SBagcnburg (borough), barri- 
cade of wagons; bo^ — gcftcQ 
(ftcUcn, place), body; bic — Ia= 
bung (load) ; bic — rcmifc (remit, 
put back), shed; bo^ — tcnncn 
(run), chariot race; bcr — fd)Up= 
pen (shop), shed 

bcr Jjinbcrloagcn, baby carriage; 
2aft(lobcn, load)—, truck; 5|So(f= 
(pack, baggage)—, ^<oft(mail)- 
— , ©(^taf( sleep) — ; Spctfc= 
(food) — , dining car 

849. bic aSoH, (^^'ill, wish) 
choice, election, option 

bic 3ln^tt)a()I, choice; 9'lcu(new) — , 
re-election; ®tic^(ftcd)cn, stick, 
cut) — , second ballot {ivhen no 
candidate has received a ma- 
jority on the first ballot), sup- 
plementary ballot 

bcr 2Bof)H)e5irf (circle, district); 
— fiJnig, elective king; bic — = 
liftc (list), register of electors; 
bcr — monn, elector, constitu- 
ent; bcr — fprud) (fprcdicn, 
speak), device, motto; bic — = 
ftimmc (voice, acclamation), 
vote; ber — tag (day) ; bic — umc 
(urn), ballot-box; bic — bcr= 
fommlung (assembly) ; bic — t)cr= 
tt)anbtfd)oft, elective affinity: 
bcr — jcttcl (schedule), ticket, 
vote 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



205 



tvai)Un, elect, select 

rt)o()Itiar, eligible; bic ^'dt)lbavtc'xt 

rtjal)tliercd)tigt (right), entitled to 

vote 
h)af)Ifof)ig (fit), eligible 
bic 3BaI)Ifal)igfcU 
ber Widf)Ut, elector, voter 

850. b c r 9B a t) It , ( ween) erro- 
neous opinion, illusion, delusion 

bcr a!8al)nftnn (sense), madness, 
frenzy; bcr — h)i^ (wit), insan- 
ity, madness 

hjal^nfinnig, — ftiifeig, bic — lt)i- 
^igfcit 

bcr @rijfjcn( greatness) hjaljn, exal- 
tation, megalomania 

hJOljncn, fancy, presume 

arg(bad)h)ijf)nen, (ill fancy) sus- 
pect 

ber 3(rgh)ol|n, suspicion, mistrust 

argh)bl)nifrf| 

851. U) a ^ r , true, real, 
genuine 

rtJOl^r^oft, truthful, veracious; — tg; 
positively, really 

bic 9SaI)rf)aftigfcit, veracity, truth 

tt)af)rUd), truly, in truth 

bic aBof)rl)eit, truth; bic —§ikbi 
(love), veracity 

hJfltjr^cit^gctrcu (true to) , in keep- 
ing with the truth 

tt)a{)rfagen (say), tell fortunes 

bcr 28al)rfagcr, bic — in, fortune- 
teller; bic — fagung, prediction 



h)a{)rfrf)cinnc^ (shine, appear), 

probable, likely 
bic 2Baf)rfd)einnd)fcit 
bcr 9Stt()rfprud) (fprcdicn, speak), 

verdict; t>a§ — jcid^cit (93}ort= 

5ci(f)en, word token), emblem 
6cn)a()rl)citcn fit^, come true 
ficft bmaf)xen, prove true, stand 

the test 

852. toai)Vcn, {a-ware, he-ware, 
wary) guard, watch over 

tictt)al)rcn, auftic — , tier — , (be- 
ware) take care of, keep, pre- 
serve 

bic 83cnja()rung, 9(uf6c— , S?cr — 

fid) gcgcn (against) ctloa^ t)cr»t)a^= 
rcn (protect) 

»crrt)af)rIofcn (guardless), neglect, 
sHght 

h)o()rnef)mcn (no()m hjaljr, lt)ol)rgc= 
liommcn) , take notice of, observe 

bic 9Sa()rnc()mung, perception 

gcttJO^r, aware 

853. bic 9Baifc, {wid-ow) 
orphan 

\)a§ 91^oifcn()ttU^ (house, asylum) 
ttcrhjaift, fatherless and mother- 
less 

854. bcr mat, SESalfifc^ 

(fish) whale 

bcr SBtttfif^fang (finger, catch); 
— fongcr, whaler; bcr — tran, 
train-oil 



2o6 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



855. bcr SSalb, (wold) woods, 
forest 

ba^ 9SaIbd)cn, grove 

bcr SBalbDranb (brand, fire); haS 

— f)Orn, French horn; bcr — mei= 

ftcr, woodruff 
bcr Cfid)(oak)h)aIb, 2nub(leaf)— ; 

9{abel(needle) — , pines and firs; 

Sd)tt)ar5(Black)— , 2:onncn= 

(pine)— 
bic aSalbung, asjdibcrctcn {plur.), 

woodland 
bcr SSicrWalbftottcrfcc, lake of the 

four forest towns 
ttJOlbrctc^ (rich), tichjalbct, woody 
bcr SBoIbrcidjtum (riches), abun- 
dance of forests 

856. bcr aSoU, {wall) 
rampart 

bcr 5-eftung^(fast, fortress)h)an 
bicSBaUVromcnabc, rampart turned 

into a promenade 
umhjollcn, surround with ramparts 
bic Ummanung 

857. h) n C n , go on a pil- 

grimage 

bcr aSaflfaljrcr (fare, ride), pil- 
grim; bic — fa^rt, pilgrimage 
tuoflfoljrtcn, go on a pilgrimage 
tfaOcn, (billow) wave, undulate; 
see aScttc 

858. It) I ten, {wield) rule, 
handle, manag^, control 

oti( above) maltcn, exist, prevail; 
tier — , manage, administrate 



bcr isycrrtjaftcr, bic — in, bic — ung 

ia§ tvaitc OJutt, God grant it 

fcfjalten unb njattcn, rule absolutely 

bcr 5lntt)a(t, (manager of legal 
affairs) attorney; 9}ccf)tei( right, 
law) — , attorney at law; StaotiS= 
(state) — , district attorney 

bic 9lntt)altfcf)aft, attorneyship; 
Staati^ — , district attorney's 
office 

bcr Sad)( case before court) matter, 
attorney 

bic (ycJBOIt, power, force, violence 

bcr ©cttJaltljobcr (have), person in 
authority; bic — t)Crrfd)aft (mas- 
tery), despotism; bcr — ftrcitft 
(stroke), illegal measure; bic 
— tot (deed), violence 

gctt)oltf)abcrifd), despotic 

gcttjotttatig (bic Xat), violent, out- 
rageous 

gcwoltfam, forcible, violent; bie 
©cttJoUfamfcit 

bie 5tK(all)gctt)ott, omnipotence; 
Slmt^ — , ofificial power; Strof — , 
power of punishment 

•oUgcrtioftig, omnipotent 

bcrgcwaltigcn, treat brutally 

bic 5Bcrgctt3a(tigung 

bcrodttigcn, ubcr — -, overcome, 
overpower, subdue 

bic SBcwattigitng, Ubcr— 

859. bie 95) a n b , wall, partition 

bic fponif^c aSanb, folding screen 
bie SBanje (SBanblou;^, wall-louse), 
bedbug 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



207 



860. hit 2B a n n c , ( vatt) 
bath tub 

bic a3abc(bath)tt3annc, bo^ aSonncn= 

861. bic 9S a r c , ware, 
merchandise 

ba§ SBarcnl^au:^ (house), depart- 
ment store; bo^ — lagcr (layer), 
warehouse 

bie @tfcn(iron)hJoren, hardware; 
@ft(eat) — , eatables; @Ia^ — , 
£ort)( wicker) — ; Slur5( short)—, 
notions; Oiouc^(rauf), rough) — , 
furs; Sc^mtt(cut) — , haberdash- 
ery 

862. to) a r m , warm 

Iau(luke)ttjorm 

bic SBdrmc, warmth 

bcr SBarmcgrob (degree); — Icitcr 

(leader) , conductor of heat; — = 

tncffcr (measure), thermometer; 

— ftoff (stuff, matter), caloric 
bic SSarmfiafc^c (flask), warming 

bottle; bic — vfannc (pan) 
Itiarmcn, warm, heat; ouf — , warm 

up; cr — , warm 
bic ©rwdrmung 

863. women, warn 

tjcrttjaruen, admonish 
bic SBarnung, fflcr — 

864. bcr as r t , ward-en, 
keeper, guardian 

bcr .^ou^toart, janitor; Sci^rift= 
(script) — , secretary 



bic SSortc, watch-tower, lookout; 
Stcril(star) — , observatory 

ftJOrtcn, guard, attend to, wait 
for 

oOttjartcn, await the end of; ouf — , 
wait on; cr — , wait for, expect 

bic 6rft)ortung, uncrttjartct ; 3tuf — , 
attendance; fcinc — mod)cn, pay 
one's respects 

bcr aSfirtcr, attendant, waiter; 
3tn — , person waiting for an 
appointment, candidate 

bic 9lnrt)artfcf)0ft, expectancy, can- 
didacy 

bic aSortefrou, female attendant; 
bo^ — gclb (money), charges for 
nursing; bcr — raum (room), 
— faal (saloon), ba^ — jimmcr, 
waiting-room 

bcr 9luftt)artcr, waiter; fSaf^n' 
(track) — , switchman; Slronfen= 
(sick) — , nurse; bic — in; bcr 
(S^onf(tap) — , bartender 

bcr SBirt, ( warden, person in charge 
of) landlord, host, innkeeper 

bic aSirtin, landlady 

bcr Jpau^loirt, landlord; 8anb(land, 
country) — , farmer 

toirtHd), economical, thrifty, hos- 
pitable 

bic aSirtlic^feit 

hai aSirt^fjau^, inn, tavern; bic 
— Icutc (people), landlord and 
landlady 

bic SBirifd^aft, (wardenship) house- 
keeping, inn; bcr — cr, house- 
keeper, manager; bic — crin 



2o8 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bic SSoIf^(folks, people) h3irtfd)aft, 

political economy 
BchJtrtcn, entertain, treat; bic 23c= 

ttJtrtung 
bcrt)irtfd)aftcn, manage an estate 
bic 5Scwirtfd)oftung 
tierwirtfdjoftcn, barouf lo^ (loose) 

Wirtftf)aftcn, mismanage 

865. to cixtS , ward 
ah\oait§, downward; ouf{up) — , 
au^{out)— , cin(in)— , tud- 
(back) — , »or(for) — 
au^niartig, outward, foreign; gcgcn^ 
(against) — , directed against, 
opposite, near, present; toibcr* 
(with, against) — , adverse, re- 
pulsive 
bag 5lug>Darttgc Stmt, Foreign Office 
bic ©cgcnttjart, presence, present 

time 
fi^ ocrgcgcnttjortigcn, (direct to- 
ward oneself) imagine, realize 
bic 2Bibcrh)ortigfcit 

866. hjafdjcn (hjuf^, flc = 
ttj f d) c n) , wash 

a6(of[)h)ofcf)cn, oug(out)— ; tier—, 
obliterate; jcr — , destroy by 
washing 

hjofc^bar, washable; — c^t (genu- 
ine), having fast colors 

bic aSofd)Onfto(t (institute), laun- 
dry; ha§ — Ijcdcn (basin); bic 
— frau (woman), laundress; bic 
— Icinc ( line) , bic — maf rf)inc ; ba^ 
— moul (mouth), gossip; bcr 
— ttfd) (desk, table), t>a^ — h)af= 



f cr ; bcr — jcttcl ( schedule) , laun- 
dry bill 

bic 5Bafd)C, linen; bo^ — gcfd)oft 
(shop, store) 

bcr aSafdjcr, bic — in 

bog ©cttJcifc^, stuff and nonsense, 
twaddle 

867. bog SB offer, water 

bcr SBaffcrfofl (fall), cataract; bic 
— l)cil( heal) onftolt ( institute) , 
hydropathic establishment; btc 
— ^ofe (spout); bcr — fo^)f 
(head), hydrocephalus; bic — = 
Icttung (leading), aqueduct; bic 
— mgc ( nymph) ; bic — f rf)CU 
(shy), hydrophobia; bcr — = 
fpicgcl (mirror), water level; 
bcr — ftonb ( standing) , height of 
the water; bcr — ftoff (stuff, 
matter), hydrogen; bic — ftro|?e 
(street), waterway; bic ■ — fuc^t 
(ficd), sick), dropsy; bic — ttogc 
(hJtcgcn, weigh) , water balance; 
bog — 5Ctd)cn (token), water 
mark 

bic aiBaffcrgnot (need), inundation, 
flood 

bog S(t)( off) ttjoffcr, sewerage; ^fl^r= 
(fare, ride) — , channel; 9icgcn= 
(rain)—, ©ot3(salt)— , Scc= 
(sea) — ; Sput — , dishwater; 
(2itf?( sweet) — , fresh water; 
2Bafd)(wash) — 

Waffcrbidjt (tight), waterproof; 
— f djeu ( shy) , hydrophobic; 
— fiid)tig, dropsical 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



209 



ha§ ©ctcfiffcr, body of water 
hjaffcrig, watery, insipid 
iDaffcrn, be—, irrigate; cnt — , 
drain; Uer — , overwater, dilute 
bic 93ett>affcrung, (?nt — , SSer — 

868. h) a t e n , wade 
ba^ SBott, shallow, ford 

869. bic SB a 1 1 c , wadding, 
wad, coUon 

hjotttctcn, wad; bic aSttttierung 

870. hjcficn {\o oh , gc = 

It) b c n), weave 

otthjcficn, weave to; cin(in) — , 

tier — , interweave 
ber SBeticr, bic — in ; bic — ei, spin- 
ning-mill 
ber 2Bebftu^I (stool), loom 
ba^ ©cltiefic, texture, tissue, weft 
bic .^onighjabc, honeycomb 

871. ber as c ^ f c ( , change, hill 
oj exchange 

h)Cdf)fcIn, transform, change 

obrt)cd)feIn, change, alternate; ou^= 
(out) — , exchange; cin(in) — , 
change, realize (bank notes); 
um( about) — ■, change places, 
alternate; ber — , mistake for 

bic 9J0»t)ec^fe(ung, variety; 9lu^ — , 
6in — ; Urn — , S8er — 

ber aScc^fet, change, bill of ex- 
change 

bic aScc^fctbanf (bank), "txi^ — fie= 
ber, intermittent fever; ber 
— gefang, alternate song; 'ba^ 



— gef^aft, banking business; 
ber — t\xx§ (course), rate of 
exchange 

ber ffiSccb^fer, ©clb— , money- 
changer, banker 

ber Srief( letter) wcdjfel, correspon- 
dence; ber Sfl^re^ — / New Year; 
5JSrimo — , first of exchange; 
@cfunba — , second of exchange; 
SBort — , quarrel 

Jt»ecf)felfcitig (Seite, side), mutual, 
reciprocal; — toeife, reciprocally 

obh)cd)fetnb, alternately 

872. ber 9Beg, way 

"bd^ aScgcgelb (monej'), turnpike 
toll; ber — lagerer, waylayer; 
'Ha.^ — red)t, right of way; ber 
aBcgrtJCifcr (show), sign-post 

ber 5tb(off)lt)cg, wrong way, vice 
9lu^(out) — , issue, expedient 
5al)r(fare) — , carriage road 
5-ufj(foot) — , ^eim(home) — 
.<pof)I( hollow) — , notch; 9Jeit= 
(ride) — , bridle path; Um= 
(around) — , roundabout way 

unentwegt, unswerving 

unwegfam, impassable 

hjcg {short vowel), away; burd^(all 
the way through) — , without ex- 
ception; I)in(hence) — , away, off 

873. lt» c ^ , {woe) painful, sore 
h)cb tun (do), cause pain, hurt 
ba^ aScb, (woe) grief, pang; bic 

— mut ( mood) , sadness 
toefimutig 



210 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



ba^ ^a('5tt)c(), sore throat; ^etm — , 
homesickness; ftopf — , head- 
ache; 2eib(stomach) — , S^^^- 
(tooth) — 

bie 9iod)tt)cI)cn (plur.), after-pains 

874. ba§ aScfir, li'eir 

bic SSc{)r, (war) defense, weapon 
of defense 

bic 5lf)(ofT)n)C()r, defense; ^^CUCr— , 
fire department; 2anb — , the 
oldest class of reserves, veter- 
ans; 9lot(need, emergency) — , 
self-defense 

bcr JcucrttJc^rmann, fireman; £onb= 
— , veteran 

ba^ ©cnjctjr, weapon, gun; ®ct= 
ten(side) — , sword 

haB 05crt)cf)rfcucr, rifle fire; ber 
— louf (loufen, leap, run), barrel 

ba^ a35cl)rgcf)dngc (hang), shoulder 
belt; bcr — ftanb (stand, state), 
military classes 

tvci)ti)aU, (able to fight) able- 
bodied; — lo^, defenseless, un- 
armed 

bie aBc()r()aftigfcit, — lofigfcit 

h)c()rcn, restrain, hinder, forbid 

otittJctjrcn, keep off, avert; tier — , 
forbid 

875. b ^ as c i b , (wife) woman 
as opposed to man, wife, mar- 
ried woman 
ha^- SBcibdjcn, female of animals 
bcr Jt*cibcr()aft, hatred of women; 
bcr — Ijaffcr; bic — {)crrfd)aft 



( mastery) , petticoat govern- 
ment; bcr — narr (narrow mind, 
fool), ladies' man 

btti^ aSeib^bilb (picture, likeness); 
bosi SBcibfen, female 

bie SQcibSlcutc (people), women 
folks; bic — pcrfon, female; ba^ 
— Bolf (folks), womankind 

n)cibcr{)aft, womanlike; — f(^eu 
(shy), afraid of women 

Jucibifd), effeminate; — Wi), female, 
feminine 

bic aScibIi(f)fcit, womanhood 

bic 8>icl(many)tt)cibcrci, polygamy 

fi(^ bcttjcibcn, take a wife, marry 

876. ID c t (^ , {weak) tender, soft 

bic a®cid)bcit, softness; bcr — ling, 
tenderfoot 

Itcicbbcrjig, soft-hearted; — U(f|, 
effeminate; uncrlt)Cicf)Iicb, unre- 
lenting 

bic 9Bcid)bcr5igfcit, — licbfcit 

t)crh)cid)(icbcn, emasculate 

bic 8?crh)ci(l)Iid)ung 

fticicbcn, steep, soften, soak- 

aufttjcicbcn, moisten, soak; cin= 
(in) — , soak; et — , soften, move, 
touch 

bic (vrwcidiung 

bic ai^cicbcn, soft parts of the body, 
side, flank 

877. W e i g C r n , refuse, decline 
fi(^ ttJcigcrn, deny, be unwilling; 

ttcr — , deny, decUne, refuse 
unJBCigcrKd), without a refusal 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



211 



bie aSeigerung, SBcr — 

ba^ (ychjet^, (fighters) antlers 

878. W c i () c n , consecrate, 
dedicate 

cin(in)h)Ct{jcn, consecrate, initiate, 

inaugurate; cnt — , desecrate 
bic (Jintt)eil)ung, consecration, dedi- 
cation, inauguration; @nt — 
cingcWci()t, initiated, familiar with 
bic 6ingett)eit)t()ett, thorough famil- 
iarity 
bic aSci^C, consecration, ordination 
bcr 9Bcii)feffcI (kettle), holy water 
fount; bie — na(f)t (night), 
Christmas; bcr — roud) (smoke), 
incense; ba^ — Waffcr (water), 
bcr ^h)cbcl (waft, sprinkler) 
bcr aSci^nod)t^obcnb (eve); bcr 
— feicrtog, Christmas-day; ba§ 
— fcft (festival), ba^ — gcfd|cnf 
( present) , ba§ — lieb (lay, carol) , . 
ber —tog (day) , bic — jeit (time) 
5U (at) SScif)nocf)ten 
ttJCitjctioH, sacred, inspiring 

879. bic as c i I c , while 

bic SI ur5( short) locitc, (shortening 
time) pastime, sport, jest; 
fiongc — , (time appearing long) 
tediousness, weariness, boredom 

fursttjcilig, long — 

langttJcilcn, tire, bore; fief) — , find 
time hanging heavy on one's 
hands 

bic SangttJciUgfeit, tediousness 

bi^(by)ttjcilen, at times; cinft — , 



for a while, for the present; ju — , 
at times, once in a while 

mitt(cr( middle) Wcilc, in the mean- 
time 

5cit(time)tt)eilig, (lasting some 
time) temporary 

hJcitcn, ber — , tarry, stay 

880. bcr as e i n , wine 

ber aScinfiou (build), wine culture; 
bcr — bauer (grower) ; bcr — berg 
( mountain) , vineyard; bcr — gcift 
(ghost, spirit), spirit of wine; 
bie — Icfc (pick), vintage; bie 
— ranfc (ring, vine branch, ten- 
dril), bie — rebc (grape, vine); 
bic — faurc (acid), vinegar; bcr 
— ftcitt (stone), tartar; ber — = 
ftod (stick), vine; bic — traube, 
bunch of grapes 

ber 5tpfel( apple) toein, cider; 
S8ronnt( burnt) — , brandy; 5irnc= 
(old)—; 9i{)ein( Rhine) — ; 9Jot= 
(red) — claret; ®rf)OUm( foam) — , 
champagne ; X\\^{ table, dinner) - 
— , Ungar( Hungarian) — , aSciR= 
(white) — 

ttcinartig (bie %xi, variety), vi- 
nous; — rcid) (rich), abounding 
in wines 

bcr aSinjer, vintner; bic — ei, vint- 
ner's house 

881. ft) c i n e n , weep, cry, 
lament 

bcttJCtncn, weep for; — §h)crt 



212 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



(worth), deplorable; ftri) au^ — , 

cry one's eyes out 
hjcincrlttf), inclined to weep 
hJtnfcIn, whine, wail 
ba^ Oknjinfcl, bic SBtnfc(et, wailing 
tocrttJCintc 3(ugcn, eyes red with 

weeping 

882. to c i f c , wise, prudent 

bet SScife, sage, philosopher; bcr 
Stein bcr SScifcn, philosophers' 
stone 

bic SSci^^cit, wisdom, prudence; 
bcr — §50^n (tooth), grinder 

toci^Uc^, wisely, prudently; nafc= 
(nose)hjei^, pert, forward, saucy 

ttjcisifagcn (say), prophesy, foretell 

ber 2Bei'Jfogcr, bic — in, soothsayer 

bic SBci^fogung prophesy, divina- 
tion 

cinem ctlua^ Jtjcij^ ntarficn, make a 
person believe a thing 

883. bic SScife, (wise) 
mode, manner 

bic !J)cnfrt)cifc, way of thinking; 

2cf)r — , method of teaching 
bu^cnbttJcifc, by the dozen; gru;)= 

<jcn( groups) — , I)aufcn(heap) — , 

Ionbcr( lands, countries) — , {cif)= 

(loan) — , poor (pairs) — 

884. njcifcn (ftiic^, gch)tc = 
feu), {make ivise, enlighten) 
demonstrate, point out^ show, 

abtocifcit, (point off) refuse, reject; 
an — , point at, assign, order; 



au^ — , turn out, eject; ftt^ — , 
(point oneself out) prove one's 
identity; be — , demonstrate, 
prove; cr — , prove; l)in(hence) = 
— , point at, refer to; nad)( to- 
ward) — , show, demonstrate; 
bcr — , banish, reprimand; 3U= 
riicf(back) — , reject 

bic 3(t)rt)cifung ; 3ln — , assignment; 
^l^oftan — , money order; 3(u^ — -, 
expulsion; 3"rurf — 

bcr 9lu5in)ei», identification; Sc* 
— , proof; ^in — , reference; 
9Jacf) — , proof; JBct — , repri- 
mand 

ber 5iBcg(way)ft)cifcr, sign-board 

885. to c i ft , white 

bag SBcift, whiteness; bag SfiJeiftc, 

glair (egg), white (eye) 
n)eif5glii{)cnb (glowing), at a white 

heat; — Ii(^, whitish 
bic SBciftgliif)()i^c, incandescence 
bcr 28cif?fo{)I (cauli-flower), white 

cabbage; bic — toaren (wares), 

linen, drapery 
fdjnccttjcift (white); Sc^nccrt)ittd)cn, 

little Snowwhite 

886. h) C i t , wide far, distant 

hJCitaug (out), by far 

hjcitblicfenb (bcr JBHcf, look), far- 
sighted; — loufig (loufcn, leap, 
run) , extensive, ample, detailed, 
elaborate; — fc^ttjcifig (sweep, 
swerve), prolix, circumstantial; 
— fii^tig, far-sighted; — fpurig 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



213 



(spur, trail), wide-tracked; — = 
trogcnb (carrying), of large 
range, portentous 

bic SBeUIaufigfeit, diffuseness; — en, 
(plur.) formalities, difficulties; 
— fdjnjcifigfett, — firfitigfeit 

tie aSeitc, width 

bo^ SBcitc ergrctfen, (grasp the dis- 
tance) run away 

bcr ^anbfd)uf)ttjettcr, glove widener 

Iticitcr, farther, further; — ^in, 
furthermore 

be^ hjeitercn, further; o^nc — eS, 
without further proceedings 

bic SScitcrrcifc, continuation of a 
journey 

bic SBciterungcn, {plur.) complica- 
tions, difficulties 

0U^( out) rtJcitcn, widen, enlarge; 
bic 9lu^tt)citung 

crweitcrn, widen, extend, expand 

bic (frwcitcrung, bic ^cr5( heart) — , 
dilatation 

887. bic SS c U c , wave, 
billow 

hJcHtg, iDcflcnformig, waving, un- 
dulating 

mallcn, auf — , wave, undulate, 
bubble 

bic SSadung, 9(uf — , ebullition, 
agitation, excitement 

bic SBat^c, roller, cylinder 

ba» 25}al5tt)crf (work), rolling-mill 

hjatjcnfiirtnig (form), cylindrical 

hjalscn, roll 

)t)(i(jen, (cause to roll) turn about 



ftdj hjafjcn, wallow, welter; urn — , 

revolve 
bic Umwdljung, revolution 

888. bic ^cit , world, universe 

bic Wxtwcit, (world with us) pres- 
ent generation; 9iad)( after) — , 
posterity; SB or( before) — , prim- 
itive world, former ages 

bic feinc (refined) 9BcIt, society 

bic 9tuRcn( outside) ttjctt, 06cr( up- 
per)— ; ^f(an5cn( plant) — , vege- 
table kingdom; 2tcr( animal) — , 
Untcr( under, lower) — 

ha^ SScItalt (all), universe; — alter 
(old) , age of the world; bic — on= 
fdjauung (look at), view of the 
world, philosophy; bic — au§' 
ftcQung (put out, expose), 
world's fair; bcr — biirgcr (citi- 
zen), cosmopolite; bic — gcgcnb 
(region), cardinal point; bic 
— QC\d)id}te, universal history; 
bic — fcnntni^ (fennen, know), 
worldly wisdom; bic — fugel 
(ball) , terrestrial globe; ba^ — = 
mccr (sea), ocean; bcr — po]t' 
ticrcin, universal postal union; 
bcr — fffimcrs (smart, pain), 
melancholy, pessimism; bcr — = 
tci( (part); bcr — ^untfcglcr (sail 
around) , circumnavigator of 
the globe; bcr — hjcife (wise), 
philosopher; bic — h)ci^()Cit, ia^ 
— hjunbcr (wonder) 

n)cltticriif)mt, far-famed; — flug, 
wordly wise, prudent; — lic^, 



214 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



worldly, temporal, secular; — = 
miibc (tired), world-worn 
t)crrt)c(tltcf)cn, secularize; btc 2Scr= 
njcltlic^ung 

889. hjcrbcn (hjorb, Jtjurbc, 
gc It) or ben), (weird in the 
sense of fate. Cf. weird sis- 
ters, the Fates) become, turn into, 
grow 

bcr SScrbcgong (gcljcn, go), de- 
velopment 

890. h)crfen(n)arf,gen)or = 
fen), ( warp) cast, throw, fling 

ati(off)rt)crfcn, -throw off (a rider), 
yield a profit; be — , throw at; 
ein(in) — , throw in (a word), 
protest; ent — , make a rough 
cast, design; um — , throw about 
(the shoulders), overthrow; un= 
tcr( under) — , subdue; tier — , re- 
ject; \)0X — , throw before (a 
gauntlet), challenge, reproach; 
5U— , throw at, slam (a door) 
bic Untcrhjcrfung, fSet — 
bcr 2Qurf, thrust, throw, cast 
bcr 5lu^h»urf, refuse, expectoration, 
dregs; @in — , protest, objection; 
SSor — , challenge, reproach 
tocrwcrflirf), objectionable; btc 93er= 

h)crf(td)fcit 
bcrnjorfcn, abject; bic S?crh)orfcn= 

t)Ctt 

unterrtJurfig, submissive; bic Untcr- 

Juiirftgfcit 
t»orh)urf)^t)otr, reproachful 



bcr £ d^ e i n( shine, light ) tt) c r f c r, 
searchlight 

bai SBurfgcfdjofj (fcf)ic^cn, shoot), 
projectile; bic — maf(f)inc, cata- 
pult; ber — fpie^ (spit), javelin 

has 3ertt)urfni^/ (throwing apart) 
dissension 

bcr aSiirfcf, die, cube; bcr — bcdjcr, 
dice-box; ba^ — fpict (game) 

hjurfclfbrmig, cubiform, cubical 

ftiiirfcUg, cubical, checkered 

njiirfctn, play at dice 

891. b ^ 9S c r f , work, action, 
deed, workmanship 

t>a§ SoUttJcrf, bulwark; Jcucr 
(fire) — ; ^anb — , handicraft; 
9JJarf)(make) — , worthless com- 
pilation; 5JJro(f)t( pretty) — , par- 
lor edition, edition de luxe 

bcr g-cucrhjcrfcr, artilleryman 

bcr SScrfcItag, workday 

bcr 9BcrffiiI)rcr (leader), foreman; 
bic — ftatt (stead), workshop; 
ha§ — 5Cug (instrument), tool 

has ©chjcrf, bic — fcl)aft, guild, 
corporation, union 

bctDcrfftcUigen, (put into the work- 
shop) effect, perform 

bic ©ewcrffteUigung 

toirfen, operate, have effect, act, 
weave 

bcttiirfcn, cin — , influence, weave 
in; cr — •, au^(out) — , procure, 
obtain from; Bcr — , forfeit 

bic aSirfung, effect; 58c — , CHn — , 
^— , aSer— 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



215 



hjirflicfi, actual, real, true, genuine 

bic SBtrfHdjfcit 

ticrtoirfHc^cn, realize; bic 58crrt)trf= 

(tcfiung 
iBtrffam, effective, efficient; bic 

aSirffomfctt 

892. to et t , worth, ■worthy, 
dear, valuable 

cntttJcrtcn, depreciate; tier — , utilize 

bic (Jittwertung, 95cr — 

tocrtocrtbor, available; bic 93crtt)crt= 
barfeit 

bcr 9Scrt, worth, value 

bic SScrtongabc (gcbcn, give, state), 
valuation; bic — ^popicrc (pa- 
pers), stocks; bic — fadjctt 
(things), valuables 

ttjcrtwotl (full), valuable 

hjcrtlo^, worthless; bic SBcrtlofigfcit 

glcic^(nke)tt)crtig, equivalent; min= 
bcr( minus) — ■, of inferior qual- 
ity; tio{l(full) — , of full value 

bic ©rcicfjwcrtigfcit, 'WUnbcr— , 

etn(one)Wcrtig, univalent; 5tt)ei= 
(two) — , bivalent; tiicl(many)- 
— , polyvalent 

bic ©inhjcrtigfcit, Stt^ci— , JBict— 

893. wet ten, (wed, originally 
to pledge) bet 

ticrttJCttett, lose by betting 

ber SBcttcifer (zeal), emulation, 

contention; ttJCttcifcrn 
bic 9Scttc, bet, wager 
bcr liBcttbcrticrb, (application) com- 



petition; bic — faftrt (fare, ride), 
boatrace; ba^ — ficber (fever), 
racing mania; bcr — fintpf, 
pugilistic combat; ber — lauf 
(taufcn, leap, run), running 
match; ba^ — rcnncn, running 
match; ba^ — rubcrtt (rudder, 
oar) , rowing contest; ia^ — = 
fcf)tt)immcn, swimming contest 
ber aSctttam^jfcr, — laufcr 

894. ba^ SBctter, weather 
ba^ Unttjctter, stormy weather 
bic SScttcrfatjnc (vane); t>a§ — = 
(cuct)ten (light), sheet Hghtning; 
bcr — propI)ct, bic — <)ropI)C5ciung 
hJCttcrfeft (fast), weather-proof; 
— toenbifd) (wind), changeable, 
irritable 
onrtjcttern (eincn), rush at a person 

like a cyclone, burst out 
ba^ ©cttjitter, electrical storm 
ttiittern, scent, smell; bic SSittcrung 
tocrhjittcrn, be weather-beaten, be- 
come disintegrated 
bic aScrttjitterung 

895. nj c ^ e n , whet, sharpen 
bcr SSctjftcin (stone) 

896. ber SStdet, (wick) roll, 
roller, filler (cigars) 

bo^ SSidclbonb, swathing band; 

i)a§ — finb, child in swaddling 

clothes 
hjidclii, roll, wrap 
obwicfcln, wind off, wind up, 



2l6 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



liquidate; au^(out) — , unwind, 
extricate, disentangle; cin(in) — , 
wrap up, envelop, implicate; 
cnt— , unfold, develop; »er — , 
entangle, complicate 
bic 3l()rt)i(fclung, (Snt— , 9Scr— 

897. tt) i b c r , {withstand, resist) 
against, contrary to 

totcbcr, again. Compare again and 
against 

ttjibcrlirf), disgusting, disagreeable, 
repulsive; — Wartig (ward), ad- 
verse, repulsive; — rtJtttig (will), 
reluctant, cross-grained 

ttJtbrtg, contrary, repulsive 

bic SBibcrwdrtigfcit, bcr SSibermidcn 

anttiibcrn, excite loathing, disgust; 
cr — , (speak against) retort, re- 
ply, answer 

bie ©rtoiberung 

898. h) i b m c n , dedicate, in- 
scribe a book 

bic SSibmung 

899. njtcgcn (wog, gchJO = 
gen), weigh, ascertain the weight 

otittiicgcn, tier — , weigh; ouf — , 
counterbalance; nO(^( after) — , 
verify the weight; uber(over) — , 
outweigh, prevail over 

Bortoicgcnb, prevailing, predom- 
inating 

ttJtcgcn, (reg.) weigh, balance, rock 

cin( in) roicgen, (balance into sleep) 
luU 



bie SBicgc, cradle 

\>a§ SiUcgcnfcft (feast), birthday; 
— Itcb (lay, song), lullaby 

ba^ aSicgcmeffcr (balancing) , chop- 
ping knife 

ba^ @ctt)id)t, weight, importance, 
consequence 

gett)icl)tig, weighty, ponderous, im- 
portant 

tioI(rotcf)tig, of full weight 

rt)id)tig, weighty, important; bic 
2iMd)tigfcit 

btt^ (yfei(^(like)geh3icf)t, equilib- 
rium; VLbtv — , overweight, pre- 
ponderance 

eincm genjogcn fcin, balance to- 
ward, be kindly disposed 

bie @ett)ogcnf)eit 

bic 2iJucf)t, weight, stress 

bic SSage, balance, pair of scales 

hjagcrccf)t, (directed like scales) 
horizontal, level 

hJogcn, weigh; cr — , weigh, con- 
sider 

bie O^rttjiigung 

hjogbar, ponderable; bic SSfigbar* 
fcit 

bcttJcgcn, (reg.) move 

fiettjcgen (bettiog, ficttipgcn), move, 
touch 

bcttjcgbar, — lid), movable 

bie SBcwcgbarfeit, — Iicf)fcit 

behJegt, touched, deeply affected 

bie a3cnjcgtf)eit 

bcr 58cweggrunb (ground), motive 

bic SPcrtJcgung, motion, emotion, 
movement 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



217 



bcrtJcgungi^Io^, motionless 

aufroicgein, (move up, stir up) in- 
veigle, incite to rebellion 

bte Stufioicgelung 

abttJtcgctn, (cease balancing) pa- 
cify, settle (business) 

bic 5(Dh)icge(ung 

900. hJ i I b , wild, savage 

bet SStlbc, savage 

t>a§ 2Bt(b, wild animals, venison, 
game; bo^ — hut, — ^jrct ( tiratcn, 
fry), roast game; bcr — biefi 
(thief), poacher; bie — bicbcrct, 
poaching; bcr — fong (catch), 
lively child, romp; bie — I)dt, 
wildness, savageness; ba§ — = 
Icbcr (leather), deerskin; bie 
— niw, wilderness, desert; baS 
— fcl)njein (swine), wild boar 

hiilbcrn, poach; bcr SSilbcrer 

njitbfrcmb, quite strange 

901. bcr SBiHc, will, wish, 
mind, purpose 

niilltg, willing, ready; bie 9SiIIig= 
fcit 

Iicrcit( ready) ttiiKig, ready, willing; 
fio^( malicious) — , malevolent; 
cigcn(own) — , self-willed, wilful; 
frci(free) — , voluntary; gut= 
(good)—, friendly, easy; tnut= 
(mood, humor) — , mischievous, 
wanton; un(bad) — , indignant; 
h)ibcr( against) — , reluctant 

bie JBcreittBifligfcit, ^o§ — , Gigcn= 
— 5rei— &ut—, Wlut— 



bcr (Jigcnftiiac, mnt—, Un— aBi= 
bcr — 

bie ISfiJittfiir (choice), arbitrariness, 
discretion; bcr — fommcn, wel- 
come 

h)illfiir(id) ; un — , involuntary 

bcrtjillfommncn, welcome; bic S8c= 
ttiiflfommnung 

h)iKfaf)rcn (fare, ride), go accord- 
ing to one's wish, comply with, 
gratify one's wishes 

tt)iKfal)rig, bie SBiflfoOrigfcit, bic 
SSiUfotjrung 

toiUcnlo^ (less), weak; bic 9Sit(en= 
lofigfcit 

bic SBiUcn^fraft, strength of will 

ttJittcntlid), intentionally 

gcluiflt, willing 

id) h)ill (rtJoUcn, qmoUt), I will, 
wish 

ficttjiUigcn, (be willing to grant) 
allow, appropriate; cin(in) — , 
consent, assent, agree 

bie !i8ctt)if(igung, Q'm — 

iiber(evil)n)olIcnb, malevolent; 

»D0f)I(well) — , benevolent 

has 2Bo^(rtJoIten 

902. bcr SB i n b , wind, breeze 
ber aBinbbcutcI, puff, paste (pas- 
try), windy fellow; bic — J)ii(f|fe 
(shooting-box), air-gun; ber — - 
I)unb, greyhound; bie — miil)(e 
(mill); bic — rofe (rose), com- 
pass card 
bic aSinb^firaut (bride), gust of 
wind 



2l8 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



Irinbig, windy, empty, doubtful 
Juinbfd)icf (shifting), warped, bent; 

— ftill (still), calm; — ttjarti^ 

( ward) 
bcr Oft(east)roinb, SBeft— , 9}orb— , 

Sub( south) — 
bcr *}Sttffat( trade) ttJtnb, Sturm= 

(storm) — , JBirbeU whirl) — 

903. Ujinbcn (wanb, gc* 
Ju u n b c n), wind 

cntrtJtnbcn, wrest from; uber= 
(over) — , overcome, conquer; 
tier — , get over, get the better of 

bic SStnbung, winding, convolution 

bic (Jntwinbung, tibcr — , !S8cr — 

uniiberftiinbliri), invincible 

bic Uitut)cr»utnbIi(I)fcit 

unumttJunbcn, (nothing being 
wound around) in plain terms 

bic SSinbc, windlass; ba^ @c — , 
thread (screw) 

ha§ SB (umcn( bloom, flower) gcrtjinbc, 
garland 

bic SSinbcI, swaddling cloth 

Itjcnbcn (tonnbte, gctwanbt), (cause 
to wind, wend) turn 

ali(off)rt)cnbcn, avert; an—, turn 
to, apply; auf(up) — , turn upon, 
spend upon; cin(in) — , turn in, 
object, protest; ent — , turn 
away, steal; tier — , apply, em- 
ploy; »or — , turn before oneself, 
protect oneself, pretend; JU — , 
direct to, devote to 

fcin ISchJcnbcn l^aben, have its 
turn, change the subject 



bic SScnbung 

bic ^itbnjcnbuug, 3(n — , 3(uf — , 
appropriation; Gin — , G^nt — ■, 
515 cr — , 8« — 

bcr Slufroanb, ostcntatiousncss; 
(i-in — , protest, objection; 5yur= 
• — ; pretence, pretext 

not»t)cnbig, (turning to the need- 
ful) necessary; bic 9Joth)cnbigfcit 

nbwcnbig mocfjcn, (make to turn 
away) alienate; (i\x§ — , (turning 
to the outside) by heart, from 
memory; in — , inward, internal 

ou^ttjcnbig (crncn (learn), commit 
to memory; — hJiffcn (know) 

abracnbbar, preventable; an — , ap- 
plicable; tier — , ready for use 

bic 'Jtbtticnbbarfcit, 8?cr — 

gcttJonbt, (ciuickly winding) dex- 
terous, clever 

bie Qknjonbtfieit 

tjcrtoanbt, (turning to each other) 
related 

bcr, bic 8?errt)anbtc, relative 

bic 8>cr»oanbtfd)aft, relationship 

ttjanbcin, (cause to wind, turn) 
change, transform 

anttianbcin, come over one; um= 
(around) — ; tier — , change, 
transform 

bie 'Jinttianbfung, paroxysm, fit; 
Um — , SI'er — , transformation 

unttjanbelbar, immutable, un- 
changeable 

bic Unrtinnbclbarfeit 

bcr '3Jad)tH)onbIcr, night-walker, 
somnambulist 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



219 



hjanbcrn, wander 

bcr SlBonbercr, 2Bonbcr§mann ; bic 
SBonbcrung, bic — fdjaft, migra- 
tion 

ou^hjanbern, emigrate; cin — , im- 
migrate 

bcr Slu^toanbcrcr, (Hn — , bic 2tu^= 
hjanbcrung, (fin — 

904. bcr aSinfcI, angle, 

corner 
bcr recite (right) SSiufcI; fpiijc (spit, 

pointed) — , acute angle; ftumpfc 

(stump, blunt) — , obtuse angle 
hjinfefig, angular 
rcd)thjinfctig, rectangular; fpib — , 

ftumpf— 
bcr SBinfcIobaofot, pettifogger; bo^ 

— ma^ (measure), protractor 

905. h) i n f C n , wink, make 

a sign, nod 

abtvtnfcn, call off by a nod 
bcr aiMnf, sign, nod 

906. bcr SBinter, winter 

winter lid), wintry 
iJber(over)tt)intcrn, winter 
bic iibcrttjintcrung 

907. bcr 2Birbet, whirlpool 

bic IilBirdclfaufc, vertebral column, 

spine; bcr — fturm (storm), bcr 

— luinb 
bcr JrommctttJirbct, roll of a drum 
wcrben (itiorb, gcworbcn), (whirl 

about, try hard to obtain) apply 

for, woo, court, recruit 



onftJCrbcn, enlist, enroll; ft(^ be — , 

apply for, woo; er — ■, acquire 
bic 3lntt)crbung, Sc — , (h- — 
bcr ^Berber, recruiting officer; 

S8c — , candidate, suitor 
bcr 9Sctt(bet)bctt)crb, competition; 

Gt — , profit, wages, salary 
btt^ (yctt)crl)C, business, industry, 

profession 
bic @etticrbcou§ftcCung (put out, 

exhibit), industrial exhibition; 

bcr — fdjcin (shine, evidence), 

license; bic — fd)utc (school) ; gc= 

Itjcrblid), gcttjcrbtiitig (tun, do); 

— -trcibcnb (driving, pushing), 

manufacturing 
bic OJcrtJcrbtotigfcit 

908. h) i r r c n , perplex, puzzle, 
entangle 

bcrJrirren, perplex, puzzle, en- 
tangle; cnt — , disentangle, ex- 
tricate 

bic jycrtuirnmg, &ttt — 

bcr SBirrtuarr, jumble, hurly-burly 

bo^ (yclnirr, confusion 

BcrhJorren, confused, crazy; bic 
58cnt)orrcnl)cit 

909. roiffcn (ic^ to c i ^ , 
tt) u fj t c , gehju^t), (wit, 
wise) knoiv, have information 

bn'5 SBiffcn, knowledge, science; 
(^C — , (co-science) conscience 

tuiffcnb, knowing; aH — , omnis- 
cient; un — , ignorant 

bic 9lUn)iffcnl)cit, Un — 



2 20 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



flCtt)iffcnl)aft (having), conscien- 
tious, scrupulous; — loiS (less), 
unscrupulous 

bic ©cwtffcnfjafttgfcit, — loftgfcit 

bcr (ycrtiffcnsibif? (bite), remorse; 
bic — frcit)cit (freedom, liberty); 
bic — pflicfjt (pledge), duty in 
conscience 

bic Sl^ncnfcdoft, science 

bic 9Jaturn)iffenfcf)aft, natural sci- 
ence; bcr — Icr, scientist 

h)iffcnfcf)aftlid), scientific 

gcrtJijj, (that which I know, am 
sure of) sure, certain; — lid^, 
surely, truly 

bic ®cn)ift()cit 

ttcrgcwiffcrn, make certain, ascer- 
tain; bic ffiergcrtJifierung 

gchjiffcrma^cn (mcffcn, measure), 
(in a certain measure), to a 
certain extent, so to speak 

hJiPegicrig (greedy), curious; bic 
aiJiffbcgicrbc 

tniffcnsiwcrt ( worth) 

h)iffcnt(icf), knowingly, purposely 

bcton^t, conscious of, aware; — ' 
ioi:, senseless, unconscious 

bic SBchJufttlofigfeit 

bo^ $8crt)U^tfein, (be, having knowl- 
edge) consciousness 

bcr, bic 23ch3ufetc, (person one 
knows of) person referred to 

910. bic SB i t m c , widow 

bcr aSitWcr, widower 
bcr SBithJcnftanb (standing, state), 
widowhood 



bn^ 2Bittum (dom), dower, dowry 
bcr StroM straw) rtjitttjcr, grass- 
widower; bic — WitlBC 
tjcrnjitttjct, widowed; bic ilijnigin 
SiHtttJC, Queen Dowager 

911. bcr SBi^, wit, 
brains, joke 

bo§ aSt^bktt (blade, sheet), hu- 
morous paper; bcr — bolb, wit; 
bcr — ling, witling; btt^ — tooxt 
(word), sally, witticism 

bcr 3(()cr(abcr = false, wrong as 
in 3H)crg(aubc)tt)ilj, false wit, 
craziness; i^iir(fore) — ■, pertness; 
S!Jittttcr( mother) — ■, common- 
sense 

ftjifeig, witty, ingenious; bic 2Si^ig= 
feit 

abcrrtilfig, fiir — 

hjiljigcn, teach wit, make wiser 

hJiljctn, affect wit, poke fun at 

bic aSi^cIci, witticism 

912. bic SSJ 4 c , week 

ha§ SBocfjcnblatt (blade, sheet), 

weekly publication; bcr — tog 

(day) 
bic 9i^od)en, childbirth 
bic 2i^od)ncrin, young mother 
bic Siar(care, passion) Juodjc, Cftcr* 

(Easter) — 
bcr 9Jiitt(mid)tt)0(^, Wednesday; 

5(fdicr(ash) — 
h)ijd)cntlicf), weekly 
ttjodjcnweifc, by the week, weekly 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



221 



913. b i e SB g e , billow, wave 
hjogcn, wave, fluctuate 
ttjogtg, wavy 

914. ba^ aSoM, (weal) 
welfare, health 

\i(iS 9Bo^tbcftnbcn (ic^ fiefinbc micfjf 

find myself, am), good health; 
ba§ — beijagen, pleasure, gratifi- 
cation; 'ba^ — erge{)cn (go, fare), 
welfare; bic — fot)rt (fare), wel- 
fare, prosperity; bo^ — gcfatten 
(delight); bcr — gerucf) (rted)cn, 
smell), fragrance, perfume; ber 
— gefdimad (smack), pleasant 
flavor; bcr — flang (sound), 
euphony; bO)g — fcin (being), 
good health; bcr — ftanb (stand- 
ing, state), prosperity; bic — 
tttt (deed), good action, charity; 
ba§ — ttJoUen (will), benevo- 
lence 

bcr 933of)ltotcr, benefactor 

h)o()Itattg, charitable; bie 200^1= 
tatigfcit 

hJO^touf (well up), healthy, cheer 
up; — bef)0lten (held, kept), in 
good condition; — fcil (for sale), 
cheap; — gemut (mood), merry; 
— I)Ofienb (having), wealthy; 
— ricc^cnb (smelling), sweet- 
scented, fragrant; — ftjoCcnb 
( willing) , benevolent 

Gm. (@ucr) SSof)Igcborcn, Your 
Honor 

bic 2Bof)Igemtttf)cit, — ftobcnf)cit 

Jt)of)(tun, do good, benefit 



ba^ 2ebc(live)tt)0^I, farewell 
unrtiof)!, indisposed; "ba^ Unrt)0l^I= 
feitt 

915. to ^ n c n , {wont, habit) in- 
habit, dwell, live, reside 

betooljncn, occupy; bei( nearby) — 
assist, attend; tnnc( within) — 

bctooftnbor, habitable, comfortable 

bcr !i8crt)of)ncr, occupant, tenant; 
(Jin — , inhabitant 

bic (fintoof)ncrfcf)oft, population 

toofjnbar, habitable; — l^oft (hav- 
ing), residing; — Hd), cozy 

bic aSo()nbarfcit, — lic^fcit 

ba» ^oi)nf)au^, residence; bcr 
— ovt, — pla^ (place), residence; 
bcr — n<5 (seat), domicile; bic 
— ftottc (stead), abode; ha^ 
— simmer (room), sitting-room 

bic 9Bo()nung, dwelling, habitation, 
residence, flat, apartment 

bic SBo^nung^fud^c (seek), flat 
hunting 

gctoijijncn (won-t), accustom 

ongctoijljncn, acquire a habit; ah — , 
break a habit 

cnttoofjtien, disuse, disaccustom; 
Dcr( wrongly) — , spoil 

t)ertoi3()nt, fastidious; bic SBcrtoiJl^nt- 

t)C\t 

gctobfjnt, (wonted) accustomed, 

used 
bic ©ctoofin^eit, 9(n — , custom, 

habit 
ber @ctoof)n()citgmcnf(^, slave of 

custom; ia§ — rcd^t (right), 



222 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



common law, bcr — trtnfcr, 

habitual drunkard 
bic (ycWoI)nung, acquiring a habit 
gcn)iil)nlid), customary, usual 

916. tt) ij I Ii C n , vault, arch 

bic SJiilbung, vault, vaulting 
boi^ Wcroijlbc, vault; ba^ fcuer* 

(fire)fcftc (fast, proof) — , safe 

deposit vault 

917. bic 9B H c , cloud 

bcr aSoIfcnbrud) (6rcd)cn, break), 
cloudburst 

Jtjolfcnlo^, cloudless, serene 

fid) lichJiitfcn, become cloudy, over- 
cast 

bic SBcwolftf)cit 

918. bic SSoUc, ivool 

bcr 2QoUcnftoff (stuff), goods; bcr 
— rt)cbcr (weaver) 

bie JBoflarticit, work in wool; bcr 
— fjonbcl (trade), bcr — marft 
(market), bic — fpinncrci (mill) 

JooBcn, nJoHig, woolly 

bic S8autn(tree)h)oIIc, cotton; 
®d)icR( shoot) baum — , gun cot- 
ton 

919. bic SBonnc, {win-some) 

delight, bliss, rapture 

bcr SBonncmonat (month), May 
loonnig, delightful, blissful 

920. bag as r t , word ; plur. 
SS r t c r , disconnected words, 



vocabulary ; SB o r t c , connected 
words, text 
bic SBortcrflorung (clear), defini- 
tion; bcr — fiibrcr (leader), 
spokesman; bic — fiiUc (fill), 
wordiness; bcr — flauticr 
(cleave), hair-splitter; bcr — = 
laut (loud, sound), wording, 
text; bcr — fd)ttiaU (swell), 
bombast; bog — fV«c( (play), 
pun; bcr — n)cd)fc( (exchange), 
dispute 

bog 5iir(for, instead) ttjort, pro- 
noun; ^flupt(head, principal) — , 
noun; ^^(yes) — , acceptance; 
9)}od)t( might) — , absolute com- 
mand; 3? or (fore, front) — , prep- 
osition, preface; 3e't(time) — , 
verb 

bog SBiJrtcrbud) (book), dictionary 

Uiortorm, poor in words; — briicbig 
(brcd)cn, break), faithless; — = 
forg, of few words, laconic; 
— log (less); — rcic^ (rich), 
wordy, verbose 

bic SBortormut, — farg()cit, — = 
briid)igfcit 

ItJiirtlid), verbal, literal 

bcfurWortcn, (speak a word for) 
advocate 

bic 5Bcfiirh)ortung 

bic 'JlntttJort, answer, reply 

ontnjortcn ouf, reply to; be — , 
answer (a letter) 

bic SBcontttJortung 

tocrontwortcn, answer for, assume 
the responsibility 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



223 



ticrantwortltdj, responsible; bic 

5i>eronttt)ortIt(i)fcit 
Mc JBcrantttJortung, justification, 

defense 

921. tout) ten , root up, dig up, 
agitate, iticite 

auf( up) rtjii^Icn, bur d)( through) — , 
untcr( under) — , jcr — , root up 

bcr 2SiiI)Ier, agitator, demagogue; 
bic aSu()Ierei 

bttig ©ehiijf)!, crowd, bustle 

922. ItJunb, {wound) sore 

bte SSunbe, wound, hurt 

bcr aSunbarst (physician), sur- 
geon; — ficber (fever) 

bic S8ranb(brcnncn, burn)hjunbc, 
burn; S^nitt(cut) — , 

hjunbiirstlid), surgical 

Dcrlnunbcn, wound, injure, hurt; 
bic 5ycrtt)unbung 

t)cr»t)unbtior, vulnerable; bic SBer^ 
tounbbarfcit 

923. bo^ aSunbcr, ivonder, 
marvel, miracle 

hjunberbar, wonderful, miraculous; 
— I)ii6fc^, exceedingly hand- 
some; — lic^, strange, odd; — = 
fam, wonderful; — ^fc^ijn, won- 
drous fair; — tfitig (tun, do), 
miraculousj — tjofl, wonderful, 
miraculous 

hJunbern, wonder, amaze; be — , 
admire; tier — , surprise 

ftd^ njunbcrn, amaze 



bic !iSch)unbcrung, 9Scr — 

bchjunbcrn^ttjcrt (worth), admi- 
rable 

bclDunbcrung^'rtjiirbig (worthy), ad- 
mirable 

bcr SScrtJunbcrcr admirer 

924. hjiinfcfien, wish, desire, 

long for 

crhjiinf^cn, wish for, desire; ticr= 
(ill) — , curse, bewitch 

loiinfd).cn^rt)crt (worth), desirable 

bic S8crh)iinfcf)ung, curse, maledic- 
tion 

bcrnjunfdjcn, enchanted 

bcr SSunfd), wish, desire 

bcr a!Bunfd)5cttc( (schedule), list of 
presents wished 

bic 9iBiinfd)cIrutc (rod) , magic wand 

bcr (yel)urtgtag^( birthday) ttiunfcl), 
congratulation; @(ud(luck) — , 
congratulation; ^erjcn)^ — , 

heart's desire 

bcgliicfn)iinf(f)cn, congratulate 

bic S3cgliicfn)iinfrf|ung 

925. bic 9!Qiirbc, (worthy) 

dignity, honor 

bcr SBiirbcntrogcr (carrier), dig- 
nitary 
ttiitrbig, worthy, deserving 
bic SBiirbigfcit, worthiness, merit 
anlictung^( anbctcn, pray to, adore) - 
ttiiirbig, adorable; c^r( honor) — , 
reverend, venerable; glauti( be- 
lief) — , credible, authentic; lic^ 
6cn^(love) — , amiable, lovable; 



224 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



mdf)t^( nothing) — , worthless, 
contemptible; f c()cnsf( see) — , 
worth seeing 

bic ©loubttjurbigfcit, SicOcn^ — , 
9iic^t^ — , Selieng — , (f()r( hon- 
or) — ; ^oc^(high) — , right rev- 
erend 

njiirbcttoH (full), dignified 

UJiirbigcn, (consider worthy) appre- 
ciate 

bic SBiirbigung 

926. U) ii r g c n , {worry) choke, 
strangle 

crhjiirgcn, strangle, throttle 
bcr aSiivgccnget (angel) 

927. bcr 2B u r m , worm 
(b i e SB ii rm c r) 

bcr S8onb(binbcn, bind; ribbon) = 
hjurm, tapeworm; S3udjcr(book) = 
— ; 2tnb — , dragon; 9{cgcn= 
(rain) — , earthworm 

ba§ ©lu^ttjurm^cn, glowworm, 
firefly 

hjurmcn, (curb like a worm) fret, 
vex 

hjurmfijrmtg, vermiform; — ftict)tg 
(ftcc^en, stick, prick), worm- 
eaten 

t>a§ ©cnjiirm, vermin, reptiles 

928. bie aSurjct, (wort) root 

bic Cluabrotrtiurjcl, square root; 

Slubif— 
h)ur5cln, root, be rooted; cnt — , 
I unroot 



cingchjur^clt, deeply rooted 
t>a§ (iichJiirj, spices, groceries 
i)a§ (yeh)ur5nogeId)cn (nail), clove 
gcnjiirjreid) (rich), spicy, aromatic 
bie SBiirsc, seasoning, spice 

929. it) ii ft , waste, descried, 
confused 

bcr SSuft, confused mass, rubbish, 
trash 

bic aSiiftc, SSiiftcnci, desert, wilder- 
ness 

bcr SSiiftling, reprobate 

ticrhjiiftcn, lay waste, devastate, 
ravage 

bic ScriDiiftung 

untocrwiiftDor, — licfj, indestructible 

bic Unticrrtjiiftbarfeit, — Ii(f)fcit 

930. bic SfldC/ (tack) prong 
bcr 2)rci( three) 5acf, trident 
garfig, pronged, indented 
ou^(out)5acfcn, cin(in) — , notch, 

indent 

931. bic 3aU, (tale, tell; all 
told = all counted) number, 
figure 

bic Stnsaf)!, number, amount; 
S3rucI)(brcrf)Cn, break) — , frac- 
tion; @in(one) — , singular; 
@runb( ground) — , cardinal num- 
ber; 3a{)rc:§(year) — , historical 
date; S[)JcI)r( more) — , plural, ma- 
jority; 9)Jinbcr( minus) — , minor- 
ity; Drbnung^( order) — , ordinal 
number; Ut)cr(over) — , greater 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



225 



force; Itlt — , indescribable num- 
ber, no end of 

iiberja^Ug, supernumerary; un — , 
innumerable; t)oH(full) — , com- 
plete 

5a()flo^ (less), innumerable; — = 
reic^ (rich), numerous 

3a()(cn, (enumerate coins) pay 

ati(of[)5o{)lcn, abbt — , (pay off, 
reduce the amount) make a 
partial payment; an(on, on- 
ward) — , anbc — , make the first 
payment, give a deposit; iU§' 
(out) — -, ou^bc — , pay down, ia 
full; tic — , pay, honor; nad)- 
(after)—, na6)bc — •, make an 
additional payment 

bic 3I65aI)tung, 9ltibc— , 9(n— , 
9lu^— 2tu^£)c— , S3c— 9Jacl)— 
5iac^6c— 

auf 9t63af)(ung, on the instalment 
plan 

^abibax, payable; unbc — , invalu- 
able 

ber gftlltfclfttcr, head- waiter; ber 
— tog, pay-day; ia§ — toott, 
numeral 

3a{)lung^fdf)ig (fit), solvent 

bic 3if)tun9^fSl)tgfeit 

bic gft^tunfl^cinfteflung (put in- 
side, suspend) , . suspension of 
payments; btt^ — ntittct (middle, 
means), legal tender; 'ba§ — t)cr= 
mogen (might), solvency 

5of)Icn, count, number 

a6(off)3al)lcn, count over; auf= 
(up) — , enumerate, pay down; 



cr — , account, narrate, tell, 
relate; ^in5u( hence to) — , add; 
no(^(after) — ; ubcr(over) — , 
count over; fi^ tier — , make a 
mistake in figuring; 5ufammcn= 
(together) — , add 

bic Sttisa^Iung, 9Iuf — , Gr— , 3"= 
fammen — 

bic 58oIf^( folks, people) 5a{)tung, 
census 

ber ©rja^Icr, bic — in, narrator 

ber SS^Icr, numerator 

932. § a ^ m , ta^ne, domestic 
bic 3flftw^eit, tameness 
jfifimcn, tame, curb, break; fit^ 

6c — , restrain oneself 

bic 3ft^tttung, taming, domestica- 
tion 

gS^mbar, be — , tamable, man- 
ageable 

933. ber 3 tt^n, (dcnt-ist) 

tooth, cog 

ber 3tt^nar3t (physician), dentist; 
bic — biirfte (bristle, brush); bic 
— fdulc (foul), caries; btt;^ — = 
fleifd) (flesh), gum; ha§ — ge= 
fc^rtJiir {^dftoiixen, ulcerate), 
ulcer; t)a§ — fulder (pulverize), 
powder; bic — fc^mcrscn (smart, 
pain), toothache; ber — fto^cr 
(stick), toothpick; btt^ — Itie^ 
(woe), toothache 

boig 3fl^nrfli'f cog-wheel; bic — - 
bat)n (track), cog railroad 

ber J8o(fcn(back, ch.eek)$abn, 
molar; SDJit(^(milk) — , SBorbcr 



226 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



(forward, front) — , SSJcU^JjcUi^ 

(wisdom) — 
5of)nformtg (form), tooth-shaped; 

— loci (less) 
ba^ 3flJ)ncf(apVcrn (chattering) 
5af)nen, cut one's teeth, tooth, 

indent 

934. 5 a p f c tt , tap, draw 
ab (,oE)^(ip^Ctt, draw (blood); Olt — , 

tap (barrel); Wcr — , sell liquor 
bcr S^Pfc"; tap, peg; om S^Pff on 

draught 
bcr Gi^ja^fcn, icicle; S^annen — , 

pine cone 
bcr gflVfcnftreid) (stroke), tap, 

tattoo 

935. 3 a r t , tender, delicate 

Sartfufjtenb, tender of feeling, deli- 
cate 

unjart, rude; bic Unsortfjcit 

bic S'Ttfjctt, ha^ — gcfijj)! 

jortlicf), tender, soft, amorous, 
fond; bic 3'i'"*Iid)fcit 

bersdrteftt, spoil by too much 
tenderness 

bic SBcrjdrtelung 

936. 3 u b c r n , linger, 
hesitate 
bcr B^u^crcr, bic Siwi'crei 
gaubcrliaft, lingering, tarrying 
bic 3ft"bcrt)oftigfcit, dilatoriness 

937. bcr 3 fl U n f (town, enclosed 
settlement; ^avin is the enclosing 
structure itself) fence 

bcr Sttunfonig (king), wren 



bcr 93rcttcr (board, plank)50un, 
®artcn(garden)— ; etarf)cl(ftc= 
d)cn, stick, prick)brat)t (thread, 
wire) — , barbed wire fence 

cin(in)3duncn, urn (around) — , fence 
in 

bic ©injaunung, Urn — 

938. 5 c d^ c n , take {food and 

drink), consume, drink, tipple 
fief) Dcjccfjcn, become intoxicated 
bic 3crf)C, sum total of food and 

drink orders, bill, check 
bcr 3crf|gcno^ (gcnic^cn, enjoy), 

— fumf an (companion); bo^ — = 

gc(agc, drinking bout 
bcr %t^tx, drinker, toper 
bic i{ot)Icn(coal)3crf)C, coal mine 

939. bic 3 c f) c , toe 
bic 3ci)cnfpil5C (spit, spear), tiptoe 

940. 3 c f) r c n , {tear) -waste, 
consume 

ob(ofi)3c{)rcn, ou^(out)— , waste, 
emaciate; Ucr — , (tear up with 
the teeth) eat, feed 

bo^ 3cf)tficbcr, hectic fever; btt^ 
— gclb (money), bcr — pfennig 
(penny), viaticum, provisions 
for a journey 

bic 5lb3cf)rung, 9(u^ — , emaciation, 
consumption 

3crrcn, tear, pull, tug, drag 

Dcrserrcn, (pull out of shape) dis- 
tort, wrest 

btt^ 3ctTbiIb (distorted picture), 
caricature 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



227 



jcrgcn, tease, annoy 
jcrgcln, (make many short pulls) 
annoy, harass 

941. bo^ 3cirf)cn, token, 
sign, mark, symptom 

bic 3cid)C"fPrarf)C, language of 
signs 

ba^ 3l(i(o£f)3cid)cn, distinctive 
mark; 9(n(on) — , indication, 
symptom; Slenn(know) — , char- 
acteristic mark; iircU5C^( cross) = 
— , sign of the cross ; 2ebcn^( life) = 
— ; ®cf|rift( script) — , written 
character; S8or(fore, advance) = 
— , omen, musical annotation; 
9Baf)r(9»ort)— , emblem 

bo^ 5(u^rufung§(call out)5cid)cn, 
exclamation mark; ^rogcipray, 
question) — 

jcidjncn, sign, mark, draw (lines) 

ot)5Ctcf)ncn, draw from, copy; oui^= 
— , mark out, distinguish; be — , 
supply with a mark, denote, 
denominate; untcr( under) — , 
subscribe, sign (a letter) ; tier — , 
note down, record 

bie 3cW)n"n9/ drawing, subscrip- 
tion, signature; 2tu^ — , Sc — 

bn^ 5Ser5cid)ni!^, list, record; Sn= 
()att^(held inside, contents) — , 
table of contents, index; 9Ja= 
mcn^(name) — 

ou^gcjeidinet, distinguished, excel- 
lent 

be5ci(l)nenb, fcnn — , characteristic 

bie e^eber( feather, pen)5etd)nung, 



iireibe( crayon) — , 51 oI)tcn( char- 
coal, crayon) — 

ber Scitftftt'clirer (teacher), bo§ 
— material, bie — ftunbe (hour, 
lesson) 

ber 3eicf)ner, draftsman, designer 

942. bie 3 eit, {betide, 
happen) time 

ber 3cttabf(f)mtt (cut off, section), 
epoch, period; 'ba§ — alter (old), 
age; bie — angabe (give, state), 
date; ber — geift (ghost, spirit); 
ber — genoji (companion), con- 
temporary; ber — roum (room), 
space of time; bic — redjituiig 
(reckoning), chronology; bic 
— fdjrift (script), periodical; bet 
— ijcrluft ( loss) ; ber — tiertretb 
(drive off) , pastime; tid^ — ttiort 
(word), verb 

Seitgeniiffifd), contemporary 

bic SScbenf( think over)5eit, respite, 
delay; (?'fien^( eat) — , dinner 
time; ^o{)re^(year) — , season; 
9}eu(new) — •, modern times; 
Un — , unseasonable time; Ur= 
(original) — , prehistoric period; 
SB or (before, previous)—, remote 
antiquity 

unjeitig, unseasonable; bor — , pre- 
mature 

§citig, timely, early, mature; frii()= 
(early) — , premature; red)t' 
(right) — 

jcitgemfifj (meffen, measure by), 
seasonable, opportune; — li^, 



228 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



temporal, earthly; — itJClHg 
(while, last), temporary; — s 
ItJcifc (wise, manner), from time 
to time 

jcitlcben^, as long as one lives, for 
life 

Scitigcn, ripen, mature; bic 3citi= 
gung 

6ci fcincn Scbjeiten, in his lifetime 

bic 3citung, (tidings, news) news- 
paper 

943. b c r 3 c 1 1 c I , {schedule) 
slip of paper, bill, poster 

bcr !tf)C0tcr3CttcI, play bill, pro- 
gram; SSafd) — , laundry bill 

anjcttefn, (post a proclamation) 
plot, contrive, lay a plot; tier — , 
scatter, disperse, squander 

bic Stnscttclung, SBcr — 

944. bcr 3 i C 8 C I , tile, brick 

bcr 3iC9cIbrcnncr (burner), tiler; 
bic — ci, brick-kiln; bcr — bcrfcr 
(coverer), bricklayer; bic — crbc 
(earth), clay; bcr — of en (oven, 
kiln); bcr — ftcill (stone), brick 

bic 3'f9Cfei, brick-kiln 

bcr Sicfltcr, tiler 

945. sic 1) en (sog, gcso* 
gen), (tug) pull, draw, cultivate 
(active transitive) 

obsicJjen, pull off, subtract; an — , 
(pull on clothing) dress, pull 
near, attract; au^(out) — , un- 
dress; Oc — , (pull near) procure, 



purchase; ent — , withdraw; cr — , 
(pull out) bring up, educate; 
iilicr(over) — , cover with; tier — , 
educate wrongly, spoil; bofl= 
(full) — , draw out fully, ac- 
complish; Dor — , draw forth, 
pick out, prefer 

fid) an5icl)cn, dress; fid) ou^ — , 
undress; fid) um — , (re-dress) 
change clothes 

cincn aufjicljcn, pull up like a 
puppet, tease, mock at 

bic 9ln5icf)ung, attraction; SBc — , 
(drawing near, establishing a 
connection), reference; Gnt — , 
withdrawal; Qt — , education; 
JBoK — , execution, performance 

bcr (5r5ic()cr, educator; bic — in, 
governess 

cr^icftcrifd), educational 

bcr a>oU5ic{)er, executor; bic — in, 
executrix 

bcr tibcr5ief)er, overcoat 

bcr SM (tug, pull), train, draught 
( air) , outline, feature ( drawing) , 
trait (pen picture) 

bcr C?f)ttraftcr5ug, trait, feature; 
6ifcnbo()n( railroad) — , (pulled 
cars) train; bcr 2uft — , draught 
of air; 91omcn^(name) — , mono- 
gram 

bcr Sltipg, deduction; S(n — , suit 
of clothes; %vi^ — , extract, ab- 
stract, digest; f8c — , purchase, 
relation, reference; Ubcr — , 
cover; SSer — , (drawing along) 
delay; JBor — , preference 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



229 



Obsiiglid), deducting; an — , (draw- 
ing in a person's character) 
allusive, offensive, personal; 
6c — , relating to; uittier — , with- 
out delay; tior — , preferable, 
excellent; JU— , (drawing to) 
adding 

bic 5ln5iigU(f)fett, Sor — 

bic 9(t)5ug^(draw off, drain) roI)re, 
(pipe) 

bcr (yutcr( goods) 5ug, freight train; 
5^erfonen( person) — , accommo- 
dation train; ^Soft(mail) — ; 
Scf)ncfl(fast)^, express train 

bcr 3u9fu^rcr (leader), conductor 

bic 3u9^rudC/ drawbridge; bic — = 
froft, tractive power, attract- 
iveness; bic — luft, draught of air; 
ba^ — pflaftcr (plaster), blister; 
ha^ — tticl>, draught cattle 

Sugtg, windy, draughty 

bcr Siiflcl/ (tugger, puller) rein, 
bridle 

jiigctto^ (less), unbridled, disso- 
lute 

bic Sugcttongfcit 

jiigcln, bridle, curb 
cingc^ogcn, (drawn in) retired, 
solitary, modest; un — , (un- 
trained) naughty; jitriicf — , re- 
tired, modest 
bic Gingc5ogcnl)ctt, Un — , 3"rurf — 
bcr SJJfllwfl/ pupil, scholar 
3tcl)Cn, {active intransitive) move, 

march, remove 
ab(off)3tcf}cn, depart; ouf(up) — ■, 
rnarch in procession; OU:§(out) = 



— , remove from; ctn(in) — , 
move into; no^( after) — , fol- 
low; um(about, around) — , re- 
move to another house; >jcr — , 
remove {tiot mentioning the 
place) 

bcr 3lb5ug, S(u^ — , G^in— , Urn — 

bcr 5cll>( field) jug, campaign, war; 
ilrcu5( cross) — , crusade 

bcr 9Jatf)( after) jiiglcr, straggler 

jcugcn, (draw from the soil) pro- 
duce, grow; er — , produce, gen- 
erate 

ba^ Grscugni^, product; 93obcn= 
(bottom, soil) — , product of 
the soil 

"ba^ 3cug, artificial product, goods, 
material, contrivance, instru- 
ment 

btti^ 3c"9')<iu^/ arsenal 

bo§ j^o^r(fare, ride)5eug, vessel, 
craft; ®ptcf(play) — , toy; SScrf:' 
(work) — , tool 

bic Sut^t, training, discipline, brood 

ba^ ^\x6)i\)a\x^, house of correction. 
State's prison; bcr — tnctftcr, 
severe master; tia^ — Dicf), cattle 
for breeding 

bic 5D}annsi(man)3«(^t, discipline; 
syicl) — , cattle breeding 

jiicfjtcn, breed ( animals) , cultivate, 
grow ( flowers, plants) 

bcr 58 fumcn( bloom, flower) judjtcr, 
SSicI)— 

bic Siit^tung 

5Ud)tIo§ (less), undisciplined 

bic Sut^tfi'ltg^cit, want of discipline 



230 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



jiidjtig, (well-trained) modest, 
chaste 

bic 3"d)t'9^cit 

pdttigcn, chastise; bic 3ud)t'gung 

bcr 3wfJ)tlin9, 3"rf)tl)au2i(cr 

946. bo^ 3icl, (tiHer, lever 
used to determine the course of 
a vessel) objective point, aim, end 

bol (fnb(end)5iel, objective point 

bcr 3ic'PUtt^^ objective point; bic 
— fcfjcibc, target 

jicHo^, aimless; — bctoURt (know), 
sure of success 

Siclcn, ob — auf — , aim at, drive 
at, allude to 

947. 5 i c m c n , he suitable, 
becoming 

flcstemcn, befit, be decent 
gicmlid), seemly, suitable, proper 
jtcmlicft gut, apparently well, fairly 

well 
bic Un5tcm(id)fctt, unseemliness, 

uncomeliness 

948. bic 3 i c '^ ; harmonious 
arrangement, ornament 

bic Sicfi'C, ornament; Un — , in- 
elegance 

bcr 3icit' ornament, finery 

bcr 3tcrl)cngcl, dude; bic — puppc 
(puppet), girl very fond of 
finery 

bcr 3icr9flrtcn/ ornamental gar- 
den; bic — VPflttSC/ ornamental 
plant 



5icrlid), elegant, neat; bic %\tx{\^' 
fcit 

5icrcn, ttcr — , decorate, adorn; fi(ft 
— , adorn oneself, put on finery, 
act like a girl, be bashful 

bic liSersicrung, decoration, orna- 
ment 

ttcrunjicrcn, disfigure; bic !S8crun= 
jicrung 

949. b i e 3 i f f e r , ( cipher) 
figure 
bO!^ 3iffcrblatt (blade, sheet), dial 
cntjiffcrn, decipher, unravel 
bic O^ntjiffcrung 

950. bo^ 3it"'ncr/ {Umber) 
room, chamber, apartment 

Simmcrn construct, build, make 

bic 3i'"'"crttrbcit, carpenter's 
work; bcr — t)err (master), room 
tenant; t>a§ — ftolj (wood), tim- 
ber; bcr — ntann, timberman, 
carpenter 

bo^ !i8abe( bath) simmer, Gf?(eat) — , 
e*Iaf( sleep)— ; Svcifc(food)— , 
dining-room; 2prcd)( speak) — , 
consultation room; 2tubicr= 
(study) — , 5S>artc( wait) — 

ba» ^intcr(hind, rear)3immcr, 
9J}tttcI( middle)— , SBorbcr(fore, 
front)— 

bo^ jyrflUC"5i'"i"C'^' ( originally sep- 
arate room for women) female 

951. jingein, urn — , sur- 
round, encompass, enclose 
bic Umjingclung 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



231 



952. b c r 3 t n ^ , plur. b i c 
3tnfcn, (Lat. census, cen- 
sere) interest 

bic 3infcnbcrctftnung (reckoning), 
interest account; ber — fuR 
( foot) , rate of interest ; bcr — J)crr 
(master), lord of the manor; 
bic — rct^nung (reckoning), per- 
centage; bic — tabelle (table) 

bic 3infe^5wfcn, compound interest 

jinsbar (bearing), tributary; — = 
frci, free of rent; — pflicftttg 
(pledged), tributarj-, subject to 
rent 

tjcrsinfen, pay interest; bte JBcr= 
jtnfung 

Dcrsinelit^, bearing interest 

953. bcr 3 i r * c I / circle, 
compass 

Strfclformig (form), circular 

objirfcln, measure by means of 
compasses 

bcr 23e5irf, district 

bcr 9Jegicrung^( regency, govern- 
ment) bcjirf, largest subdivision 
of a province, abbreviated 
Digbj.; Stabt(town) — , ward 

954. 5 i 1 1 c r It , shiver, 

tremble 

cr5tttcrn, tremble, shake, shiver 
bcr 3ittcraal, electric eel 

955. bcr 3 t ( , inch 
bcr 3ofll"t0(f (stick), inch ruler 
bcr 3"^/ (toll) custom, duty 



ba§ Soiiamt (office), custom- 
house; bcr — auffcf)er (overseer), 
surveyor of the customs; bcr 
— bcomtc (officer) ; bic — bcflara^ 
tion, bill of entry, manifest; bet 
— cinncf)mcr (take in), collector; 
bic — frcif)eit (freedom), exemp- 
tion from duty; bic — gcbiif)r 
(bearing), duty; bic — rcDifion, 
examination of baggage; bcr 
— f pettier (storage), bonded 
warehouse; bic — fpcfcn (ex- 
penses), charges; bcr — tarif, bcr 
— Bcrfaanb (binbcn, bind), — t)cr= 
cin (one, union), customs union 

untcr 3oUt)erfd)i«R (ft^lieHC"/ 
close), in bond 

bcr (Hnfuf)r(faf)rcn, fare, ride, 
bring in)5oU, entrance duty; 
(£(^ufe(protection) — , protective 
duty, high tariff 

bcr ScfiufesiJUncr, protectionist 

ber 3oUncr, publican (Bible) 

joBcn, pay, give; tier — , pay duty 
on 

bic SScrsottung, custom-house ex- 
amination 

joUbar, tier — , dutiable; — frci 
(free); — pftttftttg (pledged), du- 
tiable 

956. bcr 3o»)f, (tuft of hair) 
braid, tail, pigtail, cue 

bic 3oi'f5cit (time), grandfather's 

time 
50pfig, old-fashioned 
jupfen, pull, pluck, pick 



232 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



957. b c r 3 r n , urath, 

anger 

jornig, wrathful, angry 
jiirnen, be angry; er — , make 
angry 

958. ber 3"^^^/ sugar 
bcr 3"'fcrt)a(fcr (baker), confec- 
tioner; bic — ei; bcr — t^ut (hat), 
loaf; bic — bofc, bowl; ber — guji 
(gtepcn, pour, cast), crust of 
sugar; bcr — faniiv (candy) ; ha^ 
— mSuldicn (mouth), sweet 
tooth; bic — pflansung (planta- 
tion) , bic — raffinerie ( refinery) ; 
bo^ — rof)r (pipe), sugar-cane; 
bic — riibc (rape), beet sugar; 
ta§ — ftjcrf (work), confection- 
ery; bic — sangc (tongs) 

bcr 2 tiicf en( piece) jurfcr, lump sugar 
jucferfjaltig (holding), saccharifer- 

ous; — ig, sugary; — fii^, as 

sweet as sugar 
tai surferfaurc (sour) S0I3 (salt), 

saccharate 
ocrsurfcrn, sugar over 

959. bcr 3uni'£r, tinder 
Sfinbcn, catch fire; an — , ignite, 

light; cnt — , inflame 
bic Cfntjiinbung, inflammation; 
Selbftf self) — , spontaneous com- 
bustion 
bic 8?au(f)( belly) fctl( skin) cnt5iin= 
bung, peritonitis; SIinb( blind) - 
barm( bowel) ^, appendicitis; 
^ol5( throat) — ; ®ef)trn — , brain 



fever; Jic^I( throat) fopf( head)- 
— , larj-ngitis; 2ungcn(lung) — , 
pneumonia; SDJanbcI — , tonsil- 
itis; 9iippcn( rib) fell( skin) — , 
pleuritis 

5iinbDar, inflammable; bic 3uob= 
bartcit 

cnt^iinbbar, inflammable, combus- 
tible 

bic (Jntsiinbbarfeit 

ber 3iinbcr, fuse, match; bcr 2o= 
tcrncnansiinber, lamplighter 

ias 3iinbf)bl5cftcn (wood), match; 
t>a§ — f)iitd)cn (hat), cap; t>a§ 
— toil (leak), touch-hole; baS 
— nabclgcwefjr, needle gun; bcr 
— ftoff (stuff, matter), explosive 

960. bic 3 " " 9 e / tongue 
ia^ 3iin9flt^cn/ hand (scales) 
bic Sanbjungc, neck of land 
boppcK double) ^^iingig, deceitful 
bic Zoppcljiingigfcit, duplicity 
giingeln, shoot out in tongues 

( flames) 
ba^ GJcsiingcl 

961. 5 U) a tf c n , pinch, torture 
ab^rvadctt, pinch off, extort 
Jtoirfcn, pinch, twitch, nip 
bcr 3ttiicfcr, eye-glasses 
bic 3l^'rftnuJlfc (mill), merils 

962. bcr 3 tti c cf , [wooden nail 
in the center oj the target) aim, 
purpose, design 

ba§ 3wcrfci"fcn (eating), public 
dinner 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



233 



3»C(fbtcnH(f) (serving), expedient; 
— cntf prc(f)cnl) ( answering) , prac- 
tical; — Io3, useless; — mfimg 
(mcficn, measured on to), suit- 
able, proper; — mibrig (against, 
contrar>' to), inexpedient 

bic 3roccfMenIid)fett, — longfeit, — » 
mdmgfcit, — roiDrigfcit 

bcjttiecfcn, aim at, have in view 

bie SttctfC/ (wedge) tack 

ticsroccfen, fasten with tacks 

963. 5 re e i , two 

Srecierlci, of two different sorts; 
— bcuttg (meaning), ambiguous; 
—fad), twofold 

cntjrect, in two, asunder, broken 

cnt5recicn, disunite, set at vari- 
ance 

btc (Jnt'^roctung, disunion 

bie 3wcil)culig{cit, ambiguity; 'bav 
— gefpann (span); ber — fampf 
(fight), duel, single combat; bo^ 
— tab ( wheel) , bicycle 

ber ^"'ict'i'*/ (two-cake) biscuit; 
ber — fpalt (split), dissension, 
disunion; bic — f praise (fprcrficn, 
speak), dialogue, conversation; 
bie — trarfjt ( two objects in %-iew) , 
discord, dissension 

Sreictrficfittg, discordant 

964. 5 re e i f c 1 n , (u'aser between 
two views) doubt, question 

bc5rectfcln, doubt, question; tier — 
(be harassed by doubts), de- 
spair 



bic iPcrsreciflung, despair, despera- 
tion 

ber Srecifel, doubt, question 

ber 8recifler, skeptic 

5recifell)aft, doubtful; — 105, 
doubtless 

965. ber 3 re e i g , twig, 
branch, bough 

bie 3t''f'9t"Jt'n I railroad), branch 
line; bae — gefd)aft (shop), 
branch store; ber — Dcrcin (one, 
union) , branch of an association 

abjrectgcn, branch off; ft(ft »cr — , 
ramify 

bie Jlb^recigung, !i>cr — 

966. 5 to c r (^ , across, awry, 
askance 

Bcr^recrdi, athwart, across 
has 3wcr(f)fell (pelt, skin), dia- 
phragm 

967. ber 3tt'erg, dwarf 
bie 3recrgtn 

968. bie 3 W i c 6 c I , onion 

ta§ 3tfiebelbect (bed); ta^ — ge= 
ivad)v (readifcn, wax, grow), 
bulbous plant 

5reicbcln, rub with onions, cause 
to shed tears, treat cruelly 

969. ber 3 w i I It n g 

( tivin-ling) twin 

ber 3tt'i^'n9^br"^cr (brother), bic 
— fd)toefter (sister) 



234 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



970. shiingcn (jwang, gc = 
5 to u n g c n), {twinge) constrain, 
compel 

bcjtvingcn, subdue, vanquish, con- 
quer; cr— , enforce, extort 

bic S8c5h)ingung, (?r — 

gC5tt)ungcn, constrained, forced; 
bic (yc5tt)ungcnt)eU 

bic Sft'WflC; ferule 

ber Salinger, (constrainer) bear- 
pit, prison, dungeon 

ber 3>otngf)crr (master), despot; 
bic — fd)aft, despotism 

bcr 3tt'ang, constraint, coercion, 
compulsion 

bte gwang^anrcifjc, compulsory 
loan; bic — arbcit, hard labor; 
bic — jcidc, straight-jacket 

SrtJOngto^ (less), unconstrained, in- 
formal; — ^tticifc, by force 

bic SttJangloftgfcit 

jHJongcn, (cause to be pressed be- 
tween two objects) press, force 
into 

cinsttjangcn, squeeze in 



971. ber 3 >w i r " » twine, 

linen thread 

bcr 3tt'irn^ffl»'cn (fathom, thread) 
jmirncn, of linen thread 
jwirncn, twist, twine 

972. 5rt) if c^ en, (be-twixt) 

between 

bcr 3tt>ifrf|cnfltt, (between the 
acts) intermission; bas* — beef 
(deck), steerage; ber — fait (fall, 
case), incident; bcr — IjanbcJ, 
carrying trade; bcr — raum 
(room), interval, intermediate 
space; bic — ftotion, intermedi- 
ate station; bic — ^cit (time), 
interval, interim 

5tt)if c^cnburc^ ( through) , between 
the two, midway between 

973. ber 3 ^o i f t , {splitting into 
two) dissension, dispute 

5h)iftig, at variance, discordant 
bic 3rt'iftigfcit, discord, quarrel, 
dispute 



V. SUPPLEMENTARY VOCABULARY, SHOWING THE LO- 
CATION OF THOSE WORDS WHICH, OWING TO THEIR 
RELATIONS TO OTHER WORDS, COULD NOT BE AR- 
RANGED IN THE PRECEDING GROUPS IN STRICTLY 
ALPHABETICAL ORDER 



9(0^, 63 
abfinbcn, 79 
obgemattct, 340 
Slbgeorbncte, 406 
abgcfdjicbcn, 561 
otif)angig, 163 
ob{)armcn, ftcf), 164 
obforten, 218 
ttbfnipfcn, 249 
Slbfbmmltng, 256 
abful)lcn, 273 
Sltii'cl)icb, 561 
obfpcnftig, 669 
abftufcn, 740 
abtriinnig, 792 
obtt)cd)felnb, 871 
abttjcfenb, 19 
obprfelit, 953 
al)nacf), 55 
9(nbetrad)t, 784 
Stnbadjt, 39 
ongcnefim, 390 
StnfiJmmHng, 256 
antongcn, 285 
anlaRlid), 286 
onrii^ig, 518 
anfaffig, 658 
anfcfinlicft, 639 
Slnftalt, 708 



anfttttt, 694 
onftbfeig, 724 
onftrcngen, 730 
antttjorten, 920 
2lntt)a(t, 858 
anhjcfcnb, 19 
9tnnjucf)!^, 845 
onjcttcln, 943 
argft)of)ncn, 850 
Strmcl, 3 
Strmut, 3 
oufmcrffom, 349 
9tufruf)r, 521 
au^gejeicfinet, 92 
au^fliigetn, 243 
au^rotten, 509 
ouftcrn, 5 
au^ftofficrctt, 720 
au^tottcn, 778 
ou^toeiten, 886 

95aHcn, 9 
SBanb, 20 
fionbigcit, 20 

baxmi)cxm, 3 
SBaumttioflc, 918 
bcanfprud^en, 684 
bcbacfit, 39 
bebodittg, 39 



236 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



bccrbigcn, 61 
befiiriBortcn, 920 
begabt, iiS 
begcgncn, 121 
begc()rcn, 132 
S3cgicr, 132 
bcglcitcn, 301 
bcg(iicftt)unfcf)cn, 138, 924 
begnabigcn, 398 
bcgniigen, 129 
JBcgrabnii^, 142 
beftaglid), 155 
bei)enbc, 162 
bcl)er5igcn, 1S4 
bcl)utfam, 199 
bcilaufig, 290 
beinafjc, 382 
SetfpicJ, 678 
bci^cn, 14 
bejaftcn, 202 
bcfannt, 226 
S3cfcnntm^, 226 
bcfbftigcn, 261 
befronjcn, 264 
befreujcn, 267 
bcfricgcn, 269 
bcfunbcn, 226 
S8elang, 285 
bclaftcn, 287 
betnubcn, 289 
bclc()«cn, 299 
bclcibt, 294 
belcibigen, 298 
bcHcben, 306 
bcltcbig, 306 
bcliebt, 306 
bemoc^tigcn, fid), 327 



bcmfingcln, 333 
bcmanncn, 334 
bcmontcin, 335 
bcmtttelt, 356 
bcmu^igcn, fief), 370 
bcnad)bart, 376 
benamfen, 384 
bcneibcn, 391 
bcranbcrn, 471 
bcratfcf)Iagcn, 475 
bcrcd)tigen, 480 
bercbt, 481 
JScrcicf), 488 
bcrcicbern, 486 
»cri(t)t, 480 
bcridjtigcn, 480 
berud)ttgt, 518 
bcrul)mt, 520 
bcfagt, 529 
bcfanftigcn, 534 
bef(f)abigen, 544 
bcfcfiaffcn, 546 
bcfcl)aftigcn, 546 
93cfd)cib, 561 
bc|d)cibcn, 561 
bcfdjbntgcn, 603 
bcfdjronfen, 605 
SScfd)lDcrbc, 631 
bcfd)»t)id)tigen, 626 
bcfcclen, 637 
bcfcttigcn, 642 
bcfcffcn, 658 
Scfife, 658 
bcfo[)(cn, 661 
bcfonbcr, 664 
bcfonncn, 656 
bcforgt, 666 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



237 



Bcfpbttcln, 683 
fieffern, 150 
bcftatit, 708 
SScftcrf, 702 
bcfturjt, 744 
betogt, 751 
betiitigcn, fid), 810 
fietfiubcn, 760 
Oeten, 21 
bctoncn, 779 
bctbrcn, 781 
bctxaii)tl\d), 784 
bctriebfom, 791 
S3ctrug, 805 
bcttcdt, 21 
ficugcn, 16 
Iicuolfern, 839 
bc»oUma(f)tigen, 327 
6c»t)at)rcn, 852 
tieit)o{)ren, fid), 851 
bcn)ol)rl)cUcn, fid), 851 
bcttJttlbct, 855 
bctofiUigen, 858 
bcttjegcn, S99 
bcrtjcibcn, fid), 875 
beiDcrfftcUigcn, 891 
bcwidigcn, 901 
bctDiUfommnen, 901 
bchjtrtcn, 864 
hcmoltt, 917 
bcrtJu^t, 909 
S^cjirf, 953 
bcsttjeden, 962 
binncn, 200 
»tj?, 14 
btffig, 14 
blattcrn, 22 



blii^cn, 24 
SBIiitc, 24 
SBogcn, 16 
b0f)nen, 8 
S3otc, 17 
58rad)Ianb, 28 
SBranb, 30 

branbmarfcn, 30, 349 
bronbfd)al?cn, 556 
SBranbung, 30 
broucn, 26 
58rorfcn, 28 
brodcin, 28 
brobctn, 26 
SBrud), 28 
S3riil)c, 26 
SBrunft, 30 
briiftcn, fid), 32 
JBriiftung, 32 
S8ud)ftab, 693 
2Sud)t, 16 
SBudel, 16 
biiden, 16 
SBiigcI, 16 
SSiif)nc, 8 
S8unb, 20 
SBunbcI, 20 
SBiinbni^, 70 

fSUVQC, 33 

S3ijrgcr, 33 
Suftc, 150 
biiftcn, ISO 
Silver, 150 

2^od), 38 
bamali^, 332 
^ar(ef)en, 299 



238 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



^ofcin, 19 
Xcdef, 38 
bc()ncn, 51 
Tcicft, 767 
^ticbftot)!, 704 
^rong, 46 
brongcn, 46 
brc(f)feln, 45 
brc{)cn, 45 
Jsreisarf, 930 
brinnen, 200 
'^vud, 48 
bumpf, 35 
^iinfel, 50 
Sur^(au(f)t, 305 
burc^naffcn, 387 

cbcnbiirtig, 52, 117 

ctftt, 53 
ctndfd)crn, 4 
Gingcfanbt, 645 
cinfaffiercn, 219 
'cinfcrfcrn, 227 
cinmal, 55, 332 
einijbc, 55 
cinfiideln, 526 
einforgen, 535 
cinfcf)ldfern, 572 
©infponncr, 669 
cintomg, 779 
cintrficfttig, 784 
efcl, 57 
cmpfcf)tcn, 13 
©mpijrcr, 58 
entbcfiren, 10 
cntfraftigen, 263 
cntlang, 285 



cnttaftcn, 287 
cntriiftct, 524 
cntfcl)icbcn, 561 
cntfcf)loffcn, 582 
cntjiffern, 949 
cntjiinbcn, 959 
cntswci, 963 
(frbarmcn, 3 
erfal)rcn, 66 
erfolg, 96 
crgicbig, 118 
crljabcn, 173 
cr^o^en, 189 
crinncrn, 200 
crftiltcn, 212 
crfiifincn, [id), 274 
crfunbigcn, 226 
crIo()mcn, 283 
crtouc^t, 305 
cricicfttern, 297 
crmannen, fi^, 334 
crmattcn, 340 
crobcrn, 403 
crortcrn, 409 
crpicf)t, 414 . 
crquiden, 460 
crrcidjcn, 488 
crringcn, 507 
erroten, 513 
(frrungenfc^aft, 507 
crfd)Iaffcn, 572 
crfd)bpfcn, 546 
crfcf)uttcrn, 616 
(frfparni^, 670 
crrtiadjfcn, 845 
crttjcitcrn, 886 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



239 



faftrldffig, 286 
S-aljrt, 66 
&oa, 67 
5aac, 67 
fattig, 67 
folfc^cn, 68 

5'OltC, 69 

iJariicr, 71 
faff en, 82 
i^oulni^, 72 
{Jcrien, 76 
fcrtig, 66 
g'lcc^tc, 90 

&{oi 95 
glurfit, 94 
Piidittg, 94 
Slug, 93 
g^liigcl, 93 
fl«99C, 93 
t^l"^ 95 
fluffig, 95 
folgcrn, 96 
forbcrn, 98 
fbrbcrn, 98 
^ragc, 99 
i^rflft, 63 

^rouenjimmcr, 950 
frcffcn, 63 
J^rbmmlcr, 104 
ijroft, 102 
frijftcln, 102 
fjrii^ftucf, 739 
t^nfftt, 66 
fiiftrcn, 66 
?5unb, 86 
fiirdjten, 106 
^UTt, 66 



&abt, 118 
@ang, 122 
gdngcln, 122 
gdn^a^ III 
GJottin, 113 
©flttung, 113 
OJcadd, 6 
©cftdrbc, 116 
GJcbdubc, II 
©etierbc, 116 
©ctict, 21 
OJcbirgc, 15 
©ctiift, 14 
©ctildfc, 77 
OJctilut, 24 
©cbot, 17 
©cbrdu, 26 
gcbiiljrUcf), 119 
©cburt, 117 
@cbocl)tm^, 39 
Oicbanfc, 39 
(iiebccf, 38 
6)cbtd)t, 40 
gebiegen, 120 
©ebulb, 49 
©efaljr, 66 
gcfdljrbcn, 66 
©efcc^t, 73 
©cficbcr, 74 
©cftlbc, 80 
©eficefit, 73 
©cffiigcl, 93 
©efitt)!, 106 
©egenb, 121 
(ycgcnttjart, 121, 865 
©egncr, 121 
gcr)dffig, 167 



240 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



6JcI)aufc, 171 
©djcgc, 15s 
flc()cim, 178 
gcl)cucr, 823 
©cl)ilfe, 181 
@cl)ijft, 196 
GJc^br, 194 
9cI)i)rfom, 194 
©cicr, 132 
65cIod)tcr, 281 
©clanbc, 284 
©elaf?, 286 
getaffcn, 286 
gdaufig, 290 
Gietiiutc, 292 
gctcgcn, 308 
@etcl)rtc, 303 
©clcit, 301 
©clcnf, 302 
gcHnbe, 309 
gctten, 124 
©eliibbc, 13s 
OJcIiift, 324 
gemacf), 325 
gcmcidjUd), 325 
(55cmad)tJ)ctt, 325 
©cmSIbc, 332 
gcmfi)?, 351 
©emaucr, 341 
(yemdn( b) c, 126 
GJcmcnge, 347 
Ocmcngfct, 347 
©cmifd), 355 
GJcmiit, 372 
gendimigcn, 390 
gcmcjjcn, 402 
©enof}, 402 



gcuugcn, 129 
(^cnugtuung, 129 
©cnu^, 402 
Okpdrf, 412 
(ycplaubcr, 433 
OJcpragc, 444 
©erat, 475 
gcriiumig, 478 
gcrcdjt, 480 
gcret^en, 488 
©crirfit, 480 
gcricbcn, 485 
(iJcrippc, 508 
gem, 132 
©crud), 502 
©eriit^t, 518 
gcrufien, 519 
©criift, 524 
gcfamt, 532 
GJcfanbte, 645 
©cfang, 654 
©cfdioft, 546 
gcfdf)dt, 561 
©efdienf, 564 
6iefcl)id)te, 130 
©cfdjicf, 130 
Q}cfd)irr, SS3 
0)cfd)(cd)t, S73 
©cfdjmarf, 588 
@cfd)mdbc, 593 
gefdimdbig, 593 
Oicfdibpf, 546 
©cfdioj?, 568 
Okfd)rd, 608 
Okfd)ub, 568 
©cfdiwab, 623 
@cfd)tt)t|"tcr, 632 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



241 



©cfcfittjorcnc, 636 
@ef(f)tt)ulft, 630 
©efdittjur, 620 
©cfcnfc, 655 
©cfcfe, 658 
Oicncfit, 639 
gcfinnt, 656 
05cfimiung, 656 
©cfpann, 669 
Oiefpicle, 678 
©efpinft, 680 
©cfvijtt, 683 
OJefprac^, 684 
©cftabe, 711 
©eftatt, 708 
(yeftanbni^, 703 
Qieftetit, 707 
©cftcU, 708 
®c)tirn, 710 
©ctdfcl, 750 
©etbfc, 782 
Gictranf, 797 
flctreu, 795 
OJctriebc, 791 
getroft, 795 
OJctiimmcI, 764 
(^5cttttttcr, 826 
(ycBtcrt, 837 
(ycmarf)^, 845 
gcwnfjr, 852 
OJcwalt, 858 
gcioanbt, 903 
OkttJafcf), 866 
(ycwiiffcr, 867 
©cttJcbc, 8 70 
0)cit)cf)r, 874 
(ycttJCi^, 877 



GJcttJcrbc, 907 
&ctvext, 891 
@ch)irf)t, 899 
getuiUt, 901 
©ehJirr, 908 
geiDiR, 909 
©cnjtiTen, 909 
©emitter, 894 
@e»tn)getit)eit, 899 
gch)bf)nen, 915 
QJett)of)nf)cit, 915 
gehjofinlid), 915 
(yertjut)!, 921 
©etoiirm, 927 
©ettjurs, 928 
gejicmen, 947 
— gesogcn, 945 
gesttjungen, 970 
giltig, 124 
©tpfel, 258 
(VJittcr, 114 
glaubig, 135 
Slut, 139 
Qinabc, 398 
gnabig, 398 
gbnnen, 149 
OJottin, 141 
G)Otj(e), 141 
©tab, 142 
&rabcn, 142 
grSmen, fid), 143 
GJtiff, 144 
©rirnm, 143 
©rbftc, 146 
Okiibtfjcn, 142 
©rube, 142 
gtiibctn, 142 



242 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



OJruft, 142 
griinbcn, 147 
OJru^, 148 
giilben, 140 
gunfttg, 149 
®u^, 133 
©ut, 150 
(yiitc, 150 

giitig, 150 

fliitUd), 150 

^abfud^t, 152 

<&«", 15s 
^ofctci, 158 
IjafcUg, 158 
Ijiifctn, 158 
{)oIl)tercn, 159 
rjalbttjiidjfig, 845 
^alftc, 159 
^anbet, 162 
Ijanbeln, 162 
^finblcr, 162 
Jpanblung, 162 
4>ang, 163 
Iiangcn, 163 
^artc, 165 
Jpfifdier, 166 
l^affcn, 167 
I)afia(J), 167 
!)aufcn, 169 
ftaufig, 169 
.C»iiupt(ing, 170 
I)oufcn, 171 
Ilfiu^Iirf), 171 
I)outcn, 172 
Ijfiuttg, 172 
^c6cl, 173 



^crfc, 15s 

•Ocft, 154 
I)cften, 154 
fteflcn, 155 
ijct)kn, 191 
^cibc, 17s 
^cil, 176 
.!pcimat, 178 
Ijeimtiidifd), 809 
t)ci3cn, 180 
^eU, 160 
.<penfc(, 163 
^cnfcr, 163 
^cnnc, 157 
.ftcrjtg, 184 
tlcxiVidi, 184 
ticrjlo;^, 184 
Jpc^c, 185 
^cufci)o(icr, 567 
tjegen, 187 
I)inberltcf), 188 
.t»inbcrni^, 188 
l^intdngltd), 285 
t)inrei(f)cnb, 488 
^irt, 183 
^t^c, 180 
^i^ig, 180 
Jpoffnung, 190 
pfifcf), 196 
I)oflirf), 196 
^'6l)c, 189 
^o()eit, 189 ■ 
^bJ)lc, 191 
^of)n, 192 
^onigiDttbc, 870 
l^orc^cn, 194 
^«6/ 173 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



243 



l^iibfc^, 196 
jpiigel, 189 
^u^n, 157 
^iiUc, 191 
^itlfc, 191 
^iinbin, 197 
Ijunflrig, 198 
tjiiten, 199 

Smbtft, 14 
Sngrimm, 143 
Snbrunft, 30 

^xiHit, 161 
innen, 200 
inner e, 200 
inncrlid), 200 
inntg, 200 
Snfaffc, 658 
Snterpunftion, 457 
irben, 61 
irbifd), 61 
irrig, 201 
Srrtum, 201 

Sttfll'/ 203 
^ager, 203 
jdfirUd), 204 
Sanct)5cr, 205 
^itbtn, 207 
jiibiftfi, 207 
Sugcnb, 208 
hunger, 208 
^ungfrou, 208 
Sunfcr, 208 

foftncn, 210 
^aitc, 212 
^ommctcr, 213 



fam^fen, 214 
ftdm^jfer, 214 
ii angler, 216 
kapu^e, 217 
Jiafftcr(er), 219 
ftofte, 220 
Sater, 221 
Stauf, 223 
Jidufcr, 223 
fiiuflid), 223 

fed, 460 
kdl, 229 
JlcUncr, 225 
Slenner, 226 
fenntUd), 226 
Sicnntni^, 226 
feud)en, 168 
Jlcu({)t)uftcn, 168 
ftrtI)U^, 232 
Jiirmc^, 232 
iiifte, 220 
mttei, 280 
tlfigcr, 233 
flagUct), 233 
Slammer, 238 
tiang, 239 
^(ttufe, 241 
S?Iau^ner, 241 
flebcrig, 235 
fletben, 236 
Sllcinob, 237 
Sllcifter, 235 
^Icmmc, 238 
mette, 23s 
JJIingel, 239 
Jltopfcl, 240 
niJftcrUd), 241 



244 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



fliigcln, 243 
fnoUcn, 246 
tnapp, 249 
Jlno^jpc, 24s 
Snarrc, 247 
ftnouf, 252 
gmdig, 250 
fniccn, 250 
fnirfdjcn, 247 
Slnbd)cl, 251 
Sinbbel, 253 
fnb|>fen, 252 
Jlnosipc, 252 
fniipfcn, 252 
ilniipjjel, 252 
fnurren, 247 
Jlimttct, 253 
Iod)cn, 254 
Stbd)tn, 254 
Sjb()Icr, 255 
Sbnifltn, 257 
fbniglid), 257 
fbpfcn, 258 
fbrvcrlid), 259 
fioft, 261 
foftbor, 260 
Soften, 260 
fbftUc^, 260 
frfiftig, 262 
frfinfcn, 263 
fronf()oft, 263 
JJranf()ctt, 263 
franflid), 263 
Sironsdjcn, 264 
fraudicn, 2 68 
frSufcln, 265 
Sireifcf, 266 



frcifcn, 266 
trcujcn, 267 
iircujcr, 267 
frcujigcn, 267 
.Siricd)cr, 268 
Siriegcr, 269 
frbncn, 270 
Slrufc, 271 
ftiid)c, 254 
ftudjcn, 254 
fugclig, 272 
ftut)Ic, 273 
fummcrU(!^, 275 
ftunbc, 226 
fiinben, 226 
funbgcben, 226 
fiinbigcn, 226 
itunbfd)aft, 226 
— funft, 256 
riinfttg, 256 
Munft, 215 
Siinfttcr, 215 
Siu^j^jc, 258 
fturfurft, 109, 276 
fiirjcn, 277 
fiiffcn, 278 
Jtutfd)cr, 279 
futfc^icrcn, 279 

ladicln, 281 
Ifidjcrlid), 281 
Sobe, 282 
£agc, 308 
Soger, 308 
2a()mung, 283 
lanbcn, 284 
Sfinblcr, 284 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



245 



Sfingc, 285 
langcn, 285 
lang^, 285 
tangfom, 285 
longtoicrtg, 862 
tafftg, 286 
toftcrn, 288 
lafttg, 287 
Saubc, 289 
Souf, 290 
Sfiufcr, 290 
Ittunig, 291 
lounifcf), 291 
2aut, 292 
loutcn, 292 
loutcrn, 293 
Icbenbig, 294 
Sebeftio^I, 294, 914 
2ccf, 314 
Icder, 29s 

Scfsc, 311 
Icgcn, 308 
2cf)cn, 299 
Ictiren, 303 
£cl)rling, 303 
£ci6, 294 
fictbenfcfiaft, 298 
Scinhjanb, 300 
Icucf)tcn, 305 
Scudjtcr, 305 
Icugncn, 322 
2kbt)abcr, 306 
Sicfcrant, 307 
Sinffcr, 310 
linncn, 300 

2o6, 313 
lobli^ 313 



loc^crig, 314 
lofcn, 318 
Iljfcn, 317 
Sofung, 318 
lotcn, 320 
liitcn, 320 
fiudc, 314 
(iiften, 321 
Sug, 322 
Siigc, 322 
fiiigner, 322 
Sump, 323 
liiftcrit, 324 
lufttg, 324 

9JJod)t, 327 
mo(f)tig, 327 
SlRagb, 326 
SOJaib, 326 
9JJ after, 325 
molen, 332 
mangeln, 333 
mannltd), 334 
SUJordjcn, 330 
marftcn, 336 
marfd)icrcn, 337 
SUJorfcijIanb, 337 
9J{ar|toU, 331 
tnartcrn, 338 
9Jiarti)rcr, 338 
mafcrn, 339 
9){a{?, 351 
inafjtg, 351 
maucrn, 341 
ajJaurcr, 341 
mci)i, 328 
mcljren, 343 



246 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



mcl)rcrc, 343 
SDJeiftcr, 346 
mengcn, 347 
mcucf)cln, 361 
mictcn, 352 
SJUIbc, 353 
milbcrn, 353 
minbcftcn^, 354 
aiMtgift, 118 
Wdttcl, 356 
mittcl^, 356 
mtttelft, 356 
mitten, 356 
Mitttood), 356, 912 
mogHd), 327 
morben, 358 
SJtijrbcr, 358 
morfd), 360 
miibc, 362 
m\xl)k, 328 
miitjfom, 362 
ajJiiaer, 328 
munben, 363 
tniinbcn, 363 
miinbig, 364 
munblicf), 363 
SDliinbung, 363 
murrifd), 367 
inufifaltfcf), 368 
mufisicren, 368 
mu^tuloi, 369 
miinig, 370 
miiftcrn, 371 
mutig, 372 
muttcrticf), 373 

nadjlafng, 286 



IRaf^rtdit, 480 
na(f)ft, 382 
narf)tli(^, 377 
9iacf)5uglcr, 945 
9jai)c, 382 
nal)cn, 382 
naf)ern, 382 
— natjmc, 390 
naf)rf)aft, 383 
9Jo()ning, 383 
^Ui)t, 381 
namcntUd), 384 
namt)aft, 384 
nomlicf), 384 
norrifcf), 385 
nSfdn, 386 
9Hffc, 387 
notiirUd), 388 
ncigcn, 378 
netjcn, 387 
9Jeugicr, 132 
nirfcn, 378 
ntcbcrtrfidittg, 398 
nicbltcft, 398 
ntcbrig, 398 
ntftcn, 394 
notiercn, 401 
nbtig, 400 
9} Otis, 401 
nothjcnbtg, 400 
tiud)tcrn, 377 
nii^c, 402 

C6acf)t, s 
Obbad), 38 
ohcT, 403 
Cbcrin, 403 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



247 



Cacrft, 403 
Cbrigfeit, 403 
obmalten, 859 
offentlicf), 404 
bffnen, 404 
iJlen, 405 
bag, 405 
Clung, 405 
orbentlicf), 406 
Crbnung, 406 
Crganift, 407 
brtlicf), 409 

pabftUtft, 410 
^ddiUv, 411 
$ocf, 412 
paden, 412 
5JSopit, 410 
<japftltd), 410 
^affotttJtnb, 902 
pcinHcft, 41S 
perfijnlic^, 417 
pffinbcn, 420 
^fdnberfpicl, 420 
pfifftg, 422 
pladcn, 429 
pVdtten, 431 
platen, 432 
«UIunber, 434 
^oim, 438 
pofncrlid), 441 
poftaUfcf), 442 
^ottjtaufcnb, 766 
«erod)t, 443 
prebigen, 446 
*Prcbigt, 446 
preifcn, 447 



probicrcn, 450 
propfieacicn, 452 
<)Srunf, 443 
punWicf), 457 
*u^, 458 

qudlcn, 459 
Cuetfe, 460 
quellcn, 461 
Cucre, 462 
Cuittung, 464 

rac^cn, 466 
rabcbredjcn, 467 
rabein, 467 
— rabcrig, 467 
rfibern, 467 
9ianfe, 507 
9ianfc, 496 
ranfcn, 507 
SRappc, 46s 
Otat, 475 
—rot, 475 
SKatfcI, 475 
Otoub, 476 
fRoubcr, 476 
raudjen, 502 
roudiern, 502 
9iau(f)tt)aren, 477 
raumcn, 478 
raumlid^, 478 
Oicc^nung, 479 
JRccf, 488 
recfen, 488 
JRcbc, 481 
reblicft, 481 
Dicbncr, 481 



248 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



rcgcn, 470 
rcgicrcn, 484 
regncn, 483 
rcifcn, 489 
9{cigcn, 490 
9ietl)cn, 490 
rctmen, 491 
9}cifc, 493 
OJcifigc, 493 
Sieitcr, 495 
rciscn, 494 
9iettig, 469 
rcuen, 500 
ri^tcn, 480 
9Jtct)ter, 480 
rid)ttg, 480 
ricftg, 504 
JRtnbc, 471 
ringeln, 506 
JRtnnc, 497 
rinncn, 497 
5Rift, 494 
JRitt, 495 
JRittcr, 495 
9}i^, 494 
SJi^C, 494 

nt?cn, 494 
9}oflc, 510 
rofa, 511 
9Joft, 511 
roftcn, 512 
JHbte, 513 
rbtlid), 513 
xu(f)bav, 518 
mud, 515 
rubcrn, 517 
5Ruf, 518 



rul)ig, 519 
rul)mcn, 520 
rul)mlid), 520 
gjufir, 521 
— runftig 497 
riiftig, 524 
SRufhing, 524 
riitteln, 509 

©oat, 527 
ydd)V\d), 525 
fad)t, 534 
Sage, 529 

Sage, 530 
falbcn, 531 
Samonn, 527 
Samcn, 527 
(Bamcrct, 527 
Sammtung, 532 
fomt, 532 
famtHd), 532 
fonbig, 533 
6anftc, 534 
©ongcr, 654 
fotteln, 537 
fatttgen, 536 
ea^, 658 
Soljung, 658 
foubcrlitf), 538 
foubcrn, 538 
foucrrid), 539 
ffiugcn, 540 
Sdugltng, 540 
faumcn, 541 
eourc, 539 
fd)at)tg, 542 
frfioblid), 544 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



249 



Sc^ofcr, 545 
ecf)affner, 546 
fdjolcn, 548 
Sc^altcr, 550 
ecf)oltiol)r, 550 
fct)omen, 551 
edjanbc, 551 
fdjanbltd^, 551 
ed)arfe, 552 
fdjartig, 554 
fcfjatttcrcn, 555 
fdiattig, 555 
frfia^cn, 556 
Scftou, 558 
fdiaubern, 557 
fdioumcn 559 
fdieibcn, 561 
Sdjctn, 562 
Stf)ctt, 561 
®d)eitcl, 561 
fdjeitcrn, 561 
£d)cnfc, 564 
Severe, 565 
fdjcud^cn, 566 
©djeufal, 566 
fcfjcu^Hd), 566 
fd)icfad), 130 
©d)icffoI, 130 
Sd)teb^rtc^tcr, 561 
ediirm, 571 
ed^Iadit, 573 
fd)(od)ten, 573 
ed)Iad)ter, 573 
(S(^Iaf, 572 
Sd)Iafc, 572 
fdllaff, 572 
fd)tafrig, 572 



<Zd)laq, 573 
ecf)Iagcl, 573 
frf)tangcln, 575 

WaPP, 572 
edilappe, 572 
Sd)Iouc, 576 
Scl)lcim, 574 
fd)lcpven, 580 
Sdjieuber, 581 
edjUcf), 578 
fdjlirfit, 577 
f(f)ad)tcn, 577 

ec^tiff, 580 

<©d)Ioft, 582 
©t{)lu(I)t, 58s 
fcf)lu))f(e)rig, 585 
(£(f)Iupftt)infcl, 585 
©d)Iuft, 582 
©dlluffcl, 582 
fdjiufftg, 582 
fd)macf)tcn, 588 
fcl)macf)ttg, 588 
frfimolcrn, 586 
Scfimols, 591 
fdjmaljcn, 588 
©^metj, 591 
©dimift, 590 
fdjmutfcn, 594 
f(f|mu<jtg, 595 
fdjnobcln, 596 
Sc^noHc, 601 
fdjnatsen, 601 
fdjnaufcn, 598 
©dinctbc, 600 
Sdjneibcr, 600 
fdjncten, 599 
®(^nitt, 600 



250 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



8(i)ntttc, 600 
Sd)niljcl, 600 
fd)ntben, 600 
£d)iu<jcr, 600 
fdjniiffcln, 598 
6(f)nupfcn, 598 
fcfiniircn, 602 
fdinurrcn, 597 
fdjoncn, 603 
fcl)bpfc«, 546 
©diragcn, 604 
Sdiranfc, 605 
fd)rttubcn, 606 
frfirctcn, 608 
Scfirift, 609 
©cf)ritt, 610 
©d^uti, 567 
®(i)ulb, 612 
Scfjulcr, 613 
Scfiunb, 570 
fdjurjcn, 615 
®«ufe, 568 
Scf)uftcr, 611 
©c^utt, 616 
fdjiittcln, 616 
Sdfiu^, 617 

©Cf)U^, 568 

Scf)u<jHng, 617 
6(f)rt)dcl)c, 618 
fc^h)a(f)cn, 618 
Sd)tt)of)cr, 619 
®d)rt)all, 630 
fdirtianf, 635 
Scfjioauf, 63s 
fcf)M)anfcn, 635 
ecf)»t)an5, 635 
fc^rtansdn, 635 



fdiwanjcn, 635 
fdjttjarjcn, 622 
Scf)n)cif, 625 
fcf)>t)cmmcn, 633 
Scfjttjcngcl, 635 
fcf)tt)enfcn, 635 
Sd)hjif)l)ogcn, 625 
£cf)tt)icgcr — , 619 
Sd)rt)icJc, 630 
fcl)rt)ierig, 631 
Sdjuiinbel, 634 
fdjroi^en, 627 
fdinjul, 628 
£cf)rt)ulft, 630 
£cf)ft)uni), 634 
Sc^ioung, 635 
£d)njur, 636 
fegctn, 638 
Scglcr, 638 
feibcn, 641 
feitltc^, 642 

fcltfam, 644 

fcnfen, 655 

fcf?f)oft, 658 

fe^en, 658 

©c^er, 658 

©cudjc, 649 

Sidit, 639 

ficf)tcn, 639 

ftcjcn, 648 

ftttH(^, 657 

fittfom, 657 

©i^, 658 

fftsjicrcn, 659 

©olbot, 662 

©iJIbling, 662 

©blbncr, 662 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



251 



<BoU, 661 
fonncn, 665 
f^jorlit^, 670 
Spci(f)el, 674 
f^crrcn, 671 
Spinnc, 680 
<Bpxon, 667 
fpi^, 679 
©patter, 681 
©pijttcr, 683 
©prat^c, 684 
fprcijcn, 685 
©prcngcl, 687 
fprcngen, 687 
fprcnfcin, 687 
Sfrtd)ttJort, 684 
fpribcn, 686 
epro^, 686 
Sproffc, 686 
SpriJ^Ung, 686 
Sprud), 684 
Sprubcl, 689 
Sprung, 687 
fpurfcn, 674 
©puUd)t, 690 
Spunb, 676 
fpiiren, 691 
8tad)cl, 702 
Stobt(f)cn, 694 
Stfibtcr, 694 
ftobtifcf), 694 
etoffel, 740 
ftoI}tcn, 695 
ftaJjtern, 695 
etaU, 70S 
ftfimmig, 696 
Stanb, 703 



Stanbcf)cn, 703 
Stdnbcr, 703 
ftanbig, 703 
ftanbtfct), 703 
ftarfen, 699 
©tott, 694 
©tattc, 694 
Staub, 713 
ftiiubcn, 713 
ftecfcn, 702 
©tcrfen, 719 
fteigcrn, 706 
fteil, 706 
ftcinern, 707 
©tcUc, 708 
ftcmmen, 696 
©tcngcl, 698 
©tetigfcit, 711 
ftet^, 711 
©tcucr, 712 
<Bt\d), 702 
fttcfjetn, 702 
fttden, 702 
— fttcg, 706 
©ttegc, 706 
ftteren, 700 
©timme, 718 
ftbbcrn, 713 
ftoljieren, 721 
©toj?, 724 
ftrad^, 732 
ftrafiid), 725 
©trofling, 725 
etrolil, 727 
©trccte, 732 
©treicf), 733 
ftrcic^ctn, 733 



252 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



ftreifcn, 734 
ftrcngc, 730 
Strcu, 736 
Strict), 733 
etritf, 732 
ftrirfcn, 732 
Sttol), 736 
ftrbmen, 738 
Strbmunfl, 738 
ftuctcin, 739 
ftumm, 697 
©tummcl, 741 
Stiimpcr, 741 
ftumpf, 741 
ftunbcn, 742 
ftiinbltd), 742 
friirmen, 743 
ftiirmtfc^, 743 
Sturs, 744 
ftu^cn, 724 
©tuber, 724 
ftu^ig, 724 
<Buii)e, 745 
— fudjt, 649 
fumpfig, 746 
eiinbflut, 747 
funbig, 747 

tobcin, 749 
tofcin, 750 
togcn, 751 
taglid), 751 
Janb, 752 
tanncu, 753 
tanjcln, 754 
tanscn, 754 
X'dn^ct, 754 



Zapct, 755 
S-apc^icr, 755 
laftc, 758 
Zat, 810 
Jotcr, 810 
tfitig, 810 
labe, 758 
tauett, 759 
2:aufc, 762 
^fiufcr, 762 
Jnufling, 762 
tauglid), 763 
2^aumcl, 764 
S'oufcft, 765 
taufd)en, 765 
2'cig, 767 
— tcl, 768 
teufcn, 772 
tcuflifcf), 770 
tftroncn, 771 
2:ifrf)ler, 775 
tbbltd), 777 
Z'dlptl, 44 
toncn, 779 
Stopfer, 780 
tijridjt, 78 1 
tot, 777 
tbtcn, 777 
Jradjt, 78s 
— trog, 785 
Strfigcr, 785 
— troglid), 785 
Zvant, 797 
S^riinfc, 797 
triinfcn, 797 
traucn, 795 
S^raufc, 796 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



253 



troufcln, 796 
trauUd), 795 
2;roumer, 789 
traurtg, 788 
2!reffen, 790 
trcfflicft, 790 
Xxeut, 795 
Xtkb, 791 
2:rift, 791 
triftig, 790 
Xt'xtt, 794 
trodnen, 798 
Jropfen, 796 
ttijpfcin, 796 
Xto\t, 795 
trbftUc^, 795 
2:rottotr, 802 
XVUQ, 805 
Xtunt, 797 
Xvn^, 803 
Znd\dd)tn, 808 
tu(i)tig, 763 
tilcfifd), 809 
Jugcnb, 763 
tummein, 764 
tunltc^, 810 
Xuxmd)tn, 812 
tiirmen, 812 
burner, 813 
2:ufc^c, 815 

Xlbei, 817 
iiOerbru^, 828 
iibcrrafdicn, 472 
iibcrmintern, 906 
ubticf), 818 
iititig, 819 



Ubung, 818 
unbe{)oIfen, 181 
unbefcJ)olten, 563 
unerfattUc^, 536 
unerfdjrocfen, 607 
unfldttg, 822 
Ungcmo(ft, 325 
ungef(f)fad^t, 573 
ungcfrfiliffen, 580 
Unf often, 260 
unleugbor, 322 
unmittelbor, 356 
uniJaRltt^, 413 
Untcrri(f)t, 480 
Untcrfcf)icb, 561 
Untertan, 810 
unternjurfig, 890 
unumftip^Iid), 724 
un»jerfel)rt, 834 
Urfunbc, 226 
Urlaub, 62 
Urfarfic 525 
urnjiie^rtg, 845 

botcrlit^, 826 
tjcranftoltcn, 708 
ticrantttJortUd^, 920 
ticrbiften, 14 
SBcrbot, 17 
SBerbrcdien, 26 
S?erbacf)t, 39 
bcrbttuen, 759 
ttcrbroffcn, 828 
SBcrbru^, 828 
SBcrein, 55 

Dcrgegentodrtigcn, 865 
tJcrgc^Ud), 829 



254 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTIFIC 



tterjjehjaltigcn, 858 
ocrgcttjiffern, 909 
S8crgi^meinnid)t, 829 
SBcrflniigcn, 129 
tjcrgottcrn, 141 
tocrgroRcrn, 146 
ticrljoftcn, 154 
5ycr()dltni^, 161 
2Scrt)angnt^, 163 
t)cr()aftt, 167 
wcrljceren, 174 
»jcrl)o{)nen, 192 
ticrl)unscn, 197 
tjcrjaljrcn, 204 
ticrjiingen, 208 
Bcrfalfcn, 211 
ticrflcincru, 237 
tterfnorfjert, 251 
)3crtoi)Un, 255 
tierlongen, 285 
tjcrlangern, 285 
SBerloub, 62 
ticrloben, 135 
SBcrlobni^, 135 
tocrlogcn, 321 
JBerluft, 832 
bcrluftig, 832 
tocrmog, 327 
bcrme()rcn, 343 
bcrmcintltd), 344 
uerminbcrn, 354 
Bcrmittclft, 356 
!i?ermogcn, 327 
ticrnctncn, 392 
t)crntd)ten, 397 
SScrnunft, 390 
t)crvflid)tcn, 426 



tocrquiden, 460 
tocrriirft, 515 
S>crfanb, 645 
Syerfdjanf, 564 
ticrfcfjicbcn, 561 
»erfd)oUcn, 549 
t)crfd)bncrn, 603 
t)erfcf)riccn, 608 
t)crf(f)robcn, 606 
berfdjttjcnbcn, 634 
t)crfd)Wiegcn, 626 
toerfiegen, 647 
ucrfpatcn, fK^, 673 
bcrftanbigcn, 703 
tocrftoI)Icn, 704 
berftorbcn, 709 
bcrftiimmcln, 741 
bcrtagcn, 751 
tocrticrt, 773 
tocrtraucn, 795 
bcriibcln, 817 
t)erurfod)en, 525 
tocrurtcilcn, 825 
tocrtiicIffilHgen, 836 
tocrtjollfommncn, 840 
bcrtJoUftanbigcn, 703 
tocrtt)ot)rcn, 852 
bcrwaftrlofen, 852 
bcrwaift, 853 
toerttjoltcn, 858 
bcrrtianbt, 903 . 
tocrwegcn, 847 
tiertt)ctd)Iid)en, 876 
t)crrt)eltltd)cn, 888 
bcrttjcfcn, 19 
bcTttJitUJct, 910 
tterwbljnt, 915 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



255 



jcrttjorfcn, 890 
jcrttjorren, 908 
jcrttjunben, 922 
jcrlounfc^en, 924 
jcrjartctn, 935 
Bcrjcidjni^, 941 
jcrjinfcn, 952 
jcrjurfern, 958 
jershjctfctn, 964 
jcrswerd^, 966 
Better, 826 
)ic{)tf(f), 835 
)tettei(f)t, 836 
Bogler, 838 
)oHcnb;§, 840 
jotter, 840 
yiiUeret, 840 
jorbcr, 841 

jorcingcnommen, 390 
8orfommni^, 256 
jorlaufig, 290 
Bormunb, 364 
jornc^m, 390 
Borort, 409 
jortfitig, 475 

ESadftc, 843 
uodjcn, 843 
vadiiam, 843 
Dodlferit, 844 
fi?a(^^tum, 84s 
!Bacf)tcr, 843 
Dttder, 843 
ooffncn, 846 
[Bttgc, 899 
nog en, 899 
!Bagnii§, 847 



tt)dl)lcn, 849 
aBot)tcr, 849 
hjfitincn, 850 
h)a^r{)oft, 851 
nja{)rnef)mcn, 852 
hjal)rfcf)einncl), 851 
aBfitbcften, 85s 
SSolberet, 855 
ttjaacn, 857, 887 
h)aHfal)rtcn, 857 

asoijc, 887 

hjaljcn, 887 
hjoljen, 887 
— itjanb, 903 
hjanbcin, 903 
n)anbern, 903 
SSansc, 859 
SBo^pcn, 846 
tua^jpncn, 846 
SSarme, 862 
hjdrmcn, 862 
SSortc, 864 
tuortcn, 864 
SSartcr, 864 
— hjfirttg, 865 
9Sofd|C, 866 
tooffern, 867 
SSatt, 868 
matticren, 869 
rt)cd)feln, 871 
9Scd)^tcr, 871 
Itjecfcn, 843 
SBctfcr, 843 
hjcg, 872 

ascf), 873 

tt)et)ren, 874 
aSetrficn, 876 



A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO A SCIENTiriC 



aScUje, 878 
9Bcil)nod^t, 878 
itjctlcn, 879 
SSct^{)cit, 882 
ttjci'^fagcn, 882 
SBcitc, 886 
ttjcttcr, 886 
wcnben, 903 
— ttjcnbig, 903 
toerbcn, 907 
SBcrbegang, 889 
SBcrt, 892 
— njcrttg, 892 
SScfcn, 19 
aSettc, 894 
tt»t(f)fcn, 854 
n)icf)ttg, 910 
rtjiberlicf), 908 
— ttjibcrn, 908 
Jribrig, 908 
SSicbcrfducr, 222 
SSicgc, 899 
— ttJtegeIn, 899 
toictiicltc, 836 
2BiIb, 900 
SBilbbret, 26, 900 
hjjlbcrn, 900 
SStlbprct, 900 
ttJtttcnlo^, 901 
toillfdljrig, 901 
ttJtIItg, 901 
hjiUfommcn, 901 
SBiUfur, 901 
SBinbe, 903 
SSinbcI, 903 
ttJtnbig, 902 
aSinf, 905 



toinfelig, 904 
hjinfcin, 881 
ayinjcr, 880 
ttJtrfcn, 891 
h)irf(itf), 891 
hjirffam, 891 
JlUrrwarr, 908 
aSirt, 864 
hJtpcgtcrig, 909 
5Biffeni'd)aft, 909 
ftiffentlid), 909 
toittern, 894 
SiMttum, 910 
h)ifec(n, 911 
hjodjcntltd), 912 
SBiitftncrin, 912 
hjogcn, 913 
hJoUcn, 901, 918 
— hjollenb, 901 
hjollig, 918 
itjonmg, 919 
aSiJrtertiucf), 920 
Itjortlit^, 920 
SBud)^, 84s 
2Su(f)t, 899 
aSunbe, 922 
aSunfd), 924 
hjurbtg, 925 
hjiirbigen, 925 
SSurf, 890 
ai^iirfcl, 890 
aSiirjc, 928 
hjurjcin, 928 

asuft, 929 

aSSiifte, 929 
jocfig, 930 



STUDY OF THE GERMAN VOCABULARY 



257 



3af)Icn, 931 
5dl)Ien, 931 
—b'diiiiq, 931 
jaljmen, 932 
aafinen, 933 

SaPl 934 
3apfen, 934 
Savtiid), 935 
Sauber, 770 
— adunen, 937 
8cci)c, 938 
3cic^cnlef)rcr, 941 
3etcf)nung, 941 
Seitung, 942 
Scrgcin, 940 
Scrgcn, 940 
jerfliiftet, 242 
Serlumpt, 323 
Serren, 940 
jcrriittcn, 509 
Scrftrcut, 736 
sertrummcrn, 806 
Scrnjurfnt^, 890 

Seug, 945 
8icgler, 944 
jiclcn, 946 
Stcmlid^, 947 
Stcrat, 948 
3tcrbc, 948 
atcrlic^, 948 



5tmmcrn, 950 
Siigling, 945 
5oUen, 955 
SiJUner, 955 
aopfig, 956 
8u(^t, 945 
giic^tcn, 945 
Siicfttig, 945 
Siitfitigcn, 945 
8"fl, 945 
Biigcl, 94S 
Sugtg, 945 
— Suglicft, 945 
Siinbcn, 959 
Bijnbcr, 959 
giinge^cn, 960 
jupfen, 956 
Siirnen, 957 
Suriicf, 516 
Sufommen, 532 
Sntvad)^, 84s 
Bwang, 970 
SrtJttngen, 970 
Sttiiden, 961 
8 wider, 961 
Snicbad, 963 
8ft)tetrad)t, 784 
8h'ingc, 970 
8tt'inger, 970 
SttJifttg, 973 



\ 




L 



PREKN, AUGUST 



A practical guide to 
study of th« G-^rman 



PF 
36.^0 

a sci-^ntific 
vocabulary 



ii