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Full text of "Precis of the archives of the Cape of Good Hope"

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PRECIS OF THE ARCHIVES 



OF 



CAPE OF GOOD HOPR. ArU:, 



^t-6o 



LETTERS DESPATCHED FROM THE CAPE, 

1652-1662. 



H. C. V. LEIBBRANDT, 

KEEPER OF THE ARCHIVES 



VOLUME n 



CAPE TOWN: 
W. A. RICHARDS & SONS, GOVERNMENT PRINTERS. CASTLE STREET 

1900. 
Aaw. 



Q..^löb 



A 



PRECIS OF THE ARCHIVES 



or THB 



CAPE OF jGOOD hope. 



LETTERS DESPATCHED FROM THE ('APE, 

1682-1662. 



VOLUME II. 






GAPE OF GOOD HOPE. 



LETfERS DESPATCHED FROM THE CAPE. 



1652—1662. 



No. 88. 
Dassen Island. 

To the Assistant, Jan Woutersen. 



1655. Your letter of the oth and the seal skins and oil wo have 

receiveil. The Tulp now returns for the rest still on hand. For 

loih Jan. ^Yie oil we send 10 whole and 21 half leaguers and firkins. The 

oil will be sent per Gekroonffr Leeuw wliieh arrived yesterday. 



'['lierefore be as quick as yon can, even if you have no time to take 
the Fkins on board. 



You also receive : — 

2 laree oil tanks. 

2 budgets salt in a bag. 

50 clubs. 

Some fueL 

2 firkins arrack. 

1 cask meat. 

300 lbs. rice. 

1,000 lbs. bread. 

1 leaguer fille<l with phis. 

I auni oil. 

i anker vinegar. Will afterwanls send more as we have now 

no large casks to spare. 
W flaying knives. Uope they are enough for the present, and 
that you will do your lx»st to collect as much oil and skins as you can. 



CABO DE BONA ESPEEANCE. 



BRIEVEN VERZONDEN VAN DE KAAP. 



1652—1662. 



No. 88. 
Dassen Eijlant. 

Aen den Adsistent Jan Wouteraas : opperhoofft. 

Eename, discrete. 

UI : brieffken Tan den 5^ deter hebben wij wel ontfangen neffens ith:,, 
de bij gesonden robben vellen ende traen : nu senden U H selve — 
galjot de Tulp weder toe omme daer in te laden alle de vellen ^^^ *'^' 
ende traen die ghij op voorraet hebben moght, ten weloken eiinde 
oook meede senden 10 hele ende 21 halve leggers ende verekens 
om den traen in te storten die wij met dit sohip de Qeoroonde 
I^ioeuw (gister hier tor rbeede gecomen) gacme voorts na Batavia 
souden stuijreo, doeromme haest soo veel mogel : om 't galjot 
daermeede ten eersten weder herwaerts te senden al sou 't UI : 
voor dese mael geen vellen altoos in schepen als den traen op 
Batavia wesen moet eode noch tijts genoegh hebben om de 
vellen voor de compete van de retour vbte hier na te halen. 

Soo senden wij oook bij desen 

2 groote traen backen. 

2 pudsen sout in een sack. 

•^0 kneppels. 

r.rtije branthout. 
verokens aracq. 
1 vat vleijs. 
300 Ib. nis. 
1,000 Ib.broot 
i l^gw ▼ol pennen, 
i aem olij. 

1 ancker anjn daer hier na meer van senden sullen alsoo geen 
groote vaten voor eerst bij de hant hadden. 

36 vilmeasen waermede vertrouwen UI : sigh voor eerst weder 
wat sullen ounnen helpen, ende alle naerstigheijt aenwenden om 
doch goede partije vellen ende traen op te gaderen, ten welcken 

9 2 



löófi. YoT this puq)09e uju? the men as you like; those who mis- 
iot>7Jmn. l>öhave are to be sent hither. The oonduot ol Corporal visin Uulick 
seems to offend the respectable part of your men, and as with the 
8ui)erintendenoe of Dirk Haasjes you get more work done, you 
must send the Corporal bafk. We will give him other work to do 
hen». Tlie books and papers of the lioode Vos you must send us 
per Tul^). We reoommend you again to collect the largest possible 
quantity of oil and skins to lessen the Company's expenses. 

In the Fort, 10th Jan., 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Riebeeck. 
F. Verburgh. 



No. Si». 
Instructions for tlio Tn//i ready to pro(»eed to Dassen Island : — 

As you havo taken in your cargo for Dttsson Island, you shall 
depart as soon as possible, dc»liver our lettei-s to Wouteraen, and 
take in as much oil and skins as tlnTo are. You take with you 10 
whole and 21 half leaguers and firkins and some oil casks. As the 
oil is to be sent away m the Q eh roomie Leeuw you are not to be 
delayed by the skins, which you may fetch afterwards ; wish you 
a prosperous trip, iMc. 

In the Fort, 10th Jan., 1655. 

(Signetl) J. V. Rikbkkck. 



eijnde yolcq na u zin gobruijcken mooght ende dio sigh (in ^^'* 
ofHtie sijnde) niet wel oomporteert hebt maer datel : op te aenden |o^ j^^^ 
wij verstaen oook dat de onfatsoenelijoke commando van den 
Corporael Jan van Qoliok eerlijoke ende naerstigte luijden ie 
lastigh ende verdrietigh valt ende dewijle wij Demereken dat 
Ui : door den oppas van Dirck Uaesjes meerder werok van 't 
voloq oont orijgen moet UI : den voors : Corporael wel herwaerts 
laten oomen, sullen hem hier wel ander werck geven. 

De gesloten ende lopende bouokjens van t galjot de Boode 
Vos met hare geoopieerde cohieren moet UI. ons p'dit galjot de 
Tulp herwaerts senden om hier gehouden te worden sonder 't selve 
na te laten. 

Voor dees tijt niet anders als den Ueero in genaden bevolen 
undo op 't hooghst gereoommandeart alle mogel. naerstigheijt te 
contribueren tot op^uleringh van vollen ende traen om de Caepso 
ouoosteu daermede voor d' E Comp' wat te soulageoren. 

In 't fort de Goode Uoope, deeen 10 " Januorij 1656. 

Onderstout, 

UI. goede vrunden, 

Was geteijokent, Johan van Ribhbkck, 
en Frbdkick YKRHURriii. 



No, 89. 



Instructie voor d' opperhooffden van 't galjot de Tulp, seijlreet 
leggende omme van hier te vertrecken na 't Dassen Eijlant. 

Dewijle UI. jegenwoordigh vaa sijn vellen en: traen ontladen 
sijt mitqpiders weaer ingenomen hebt alle de nodigheden, provisies» 
branthont AcT voor die van 't Dassen Eijlant soo sullen UI. sigh 
spoedigen met d' eerste goede wint weder derwaerts te vertreéken, 
't vorige neffens onse missive aen den adsistent Jan Woutersz. 
overleveren ende so veele vellen ende traen inderijl innemen als 
denselven daerop voorraet hebben sal ten welcken eijnde met 10 
heele ende 21 halve leggers ende verokens alsoookeenigeolij amen 
version sijt maer moeten UI. voor dees tijt niet een vel innemen, 
alsoo wij den traen met dit sohip de Qeoroonde Leeuw gister hier 
g arriveert gaeme voorts na Batavia souden senden ende tot do 
vellen hierna tijts genoegh sullen hebben: p memorie, ende alsoo 
voor does tijt niet anders hebben sullen U een voorspoedigh heen 
ende wederom roijse toe wensohen 't welok Gtnlt geve. Amen. 

In 't Fort do Goode Uoopo deson 10^ Januarij lb5d. 

Was geteijokent, Joham van Uikkrrck. 



No. 90. 
I>a80eQ iBland. 

To the Aüsistant, J. Woutci-öou, sent per Tuli 



i'i.v>. The Tulp ifl to take on board all the skins on hand. You are 

J ^^^ longer to boil oil, but what you have on hand you are to keep 
till further orders, as the India Council does not wish to have 
any more. You are to do your bost to ooUoct as many skins as 
p0f$«ible ; among them 40 or 50 young ones, as the fleet is only 
oxj)ected in April. Don't forget to send the books of the Boode 
VoH that they may be made up ; for this reason especially we thus 
hurriedly send the galiot, &c. 

(Signed) J. v. Hiebeeck. 
F. Verhuroh. 
In the Fori, 23rd Jan., 1655. 



No. (U. 



Instructions for the officers of the Ttdp proceeding to Dassen 
Island : — 

As the India Council won't have any more oil, and that article 
will very likely not pay at home, we have sent you to Da^^en 
IfiUnd to notify this to the men. Arriving there as soon as you 
can, you iball deliver our letter to Woutersen— taking back what 
he may give you, not forgetting the books — like last time, &e. 

(Signed) J. v. Hiebeeck. 
In the Fort, 23rd Jan., It>d5. 



V /^ 



\. 



No. 91. 



Memorie dienende tot ordro voor d' opperhooffdon yau H galjot 
de Tulp gaendo van hier ua *t Dassen Êijlant. 

Dewijle de Hm. Qenerael ende Baden van India den traen 
hebben affgees : ende wij wel gimnge maken dat se met ^n 
voordeel oan na 't vaderlant seêonden worden» soo ia 't dat wij om 
d' onae ep 't Dassen Eijlont daejraen geen meer vergee&e 
moeijten te laten doen hebben goetgevonaen VI: ten eersten 
weder derwaerts te senden om haer daer van te waarsohouwen ten 
weloken eijnde dan met den aldereersten goeden wint UI : der- 
waerts spoedigen ende daer met lieff oomende onse neffentgaende 
missive aen den adsistent Jan Woutersz : overleveren mitq;aders 
van den selven weder innemen ende herwaarts voeren suit als u 
sal goet\inden meede te geven, sonder oock weder de bouoken te 
laten vergeten soo verleden is geschiet, waermeedo UI: dan 
behouden reijse toewensohen. 

Was geteijokent, 

JoHAN VAM BlBBEKCK, 

In 't Fort de Qoede Uoop, desen 23 Januarij 1655. 



23nl Jan. 



No. 90. 

Dassen Eijlaut. 
Aen den Adsistent Jan Woutersz : pr 't galjot do Tidp gesz : 

Eersamo, disorete : 

Wij senden bij desen dit galjot de Tulp expres om te halen soo 1666. 
voel vellen als ghij op voorraet hebt nevens bevel dat goen traen 
meer branden suit maer die in voorraet is bewaren tot onse nader 
ordre alsoo d' Ed : lleeren Qenerael ende Uadou van India die 
hebben affgesz : maer sal UI : al si ju vlijt aen wenden om lustigh 
vollen op te gadcren daer onder 40 k 50 off meer moffe d"* alsoo 
do la4*stu vloot eerst tegen April btaet hier te oomeu ende vergeet 
dooh niet de lloode Vosch bouekjens over te senden om geroet te 
crijgea alsoo daorom dit galjot ten principalen dus haostign affsen- 
den, pr. memorie, ende hertel : gegroet van UI : goede vrundon — 
was geteijekent 

JoilAN VAN KlERRBCK eudo FkKDRICK VbBKUKGH. 

In 't Fort de (Joode Uoopc, desen 23 Januarij 1055. 



No. 92. 
Batavia. 

To the India Gounoil, sent i)er the Gekroonde Leniir, 



16.)5. We Bend you copies of our letten per Hof ran Zeeland and the 

23rdJ Englinhman^ with continuation of our journal after departure of 
the Hof. 



Afi the following return sbipB will bring us what we have asked 
for and your fiurther orders, we confine ourselves to the following 
list of garden seeds which we send with the pai)er8 : — 



Drum head salad 

Crisp lettuce. 

Carrots. 

Beet-root. 

Turnips. > the seeds in 6 bags. No. — Cape — 



Cabbage. 
Cauliflower. 
Chervil and 
Racket seed. 



sealed. 



Would also have sent you some train oil on hand, but as you do 
not want it, we have not done so. We could get no provisions 
from this ship as it was so badly provided that the officers asked 
us for some rice, stating that should we refuse, they would bo 
obliged, if the voyage was long, to feed the men with the expensive 
salt provisions. We replied that if we parted with any nee and 
were not supplied by the return fleet we would be placed in the 
same circumstances, and not only be bereft of rice, but also not 
have enough of preserved provisions to depend upon. Qenerally 
also we are most ninardly supplied by ships from Holland, so 
that we are compdkd to land from them expensive meat 
and pork as they cannot give us barley and pens, which would 
cause the same expense. Tnerefore, whether they do it or we, the 



No. 92. 
Batavia. 

Aen d' Ed : Ilrn : Qouvern'-Qeneraol onde Baden van India 
p' 't Bohip de Gooroondo Lcouw gesz : 

Ed : erntfeste, welwijse, voorsienige, soer disoreto Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren : 

Ten overvloede seaden wij liiemevens copie van ons vorige I6ó5. 
Bchrijyens p' 't Hoff van Zeelant ende den En^elaman gosonden — 
nevens oook 'c vervulgh onser dagolijckse aenteijokeninge gehou- 
den na 't vertreck van voom : Hoff omme den sucoeasiven toeatant 
uijt te speculeren. 

Ende alaoo wij p' de volgende retour schepen honen te becomen 
't gene voor desen hebben gevordert mitsgaders UËd : noch nader 
advijs ende ordre op de ^aecken alhier sullen desen voor eerst laten 
dienen tot ^eleijde van bovengem : oopien on : nefTensgaende 
nieuwe thuijn saden nu alle dagen gewonnen wordende als te 
weten : 

Cronsla 

Crulsla 

Qeele wortel 

Biet wortel 

Uaep )^ Zaden in 6 saekjens No. Kaep, versegelt. 

Cool 

Blomcool 

Kervel en : 

Reket saet 

800 souden wij oook partij e robben traen in voorraet hebbende, 
gesonden hebben maer vetmits UEd : die gansoh affschrijven 
houden deselve hier. Van provision is uit dit schip niets te 
crijgen geweest alsoo 't daer soo schrael gesteld was dat d' 
opperhooffden pr. request e versocht hebben omme partije rijs 
van ons te mogen genieten onder protestatie dat bij weij- 
gerinffe genootsaeokt soudon wesen als do reijse wat langh 
duijroen 't voloq dagel : tot groote oosten van d' Ed : 
Comp^ vleijs ende speek te schaffen waerop baer te gemoete 
is gevoert dat als wij van onsen rijs overgaven ende 
van de retour vlote geen ontseth cregen haest in't selve 
pocket souden vallen als wanneer wij dim niet alleen van rijs 
ontbloot nemaer oook soo veel vleijs ende n>eck niet souden hebben 
om aen te tasten, als siil : ende offeral schepen uijt HoUant aen- 
oomon van deselve (soo t doorgaens blijckt) seer sober en : qual : 
potspijs crijgen cunnen, maer alsdan oock vleijs ende speek in 
overvloet soudon moeten lighten tot insgelijxe onoosten als voren 
om dagelijcx te schaffen ; sulcx off het dain in tijt van noot bij 



10 

16Ó.5. ^jQg^ finally will be the same to the Company. But in case of a 
23nf Jan. Want of barloy, &c., they would still have bread enough, and as 
long as they are here be supplied with vegetables from tne garden^ 
which would eiiable them to save a good deal. 

We nevertheless gave them fully 2,300 lbs. rice as the aooount 
shows. In consequence of your order to reduce the garrison here, 
we have sent on board of this ship 33 men. Would have sent 
more, but the officers were afraid to take more because of the short 
supplies on board, having a crew of 350 men to feed — ^this they 
will be able themselves to tell you. Had we not given the rice 
they would not have taken one man but preferred to saddle us 
with some of their own. If the seal fishery is to be continued, as 
it evidently pays at home, the chief profits as yet have to be drawn 
from it alone, so that 30 or 40 men will be required for that work ; 
and as the Company takes a great interest in this industry and 
sent the required fools, it will be impossible to conduct affairs with 
50 m<'n, so that a larger nimiber will be necessary, as 20 are 
required for the gardens alone and 12 for herding the cattle if the 
latter are not to be stolen by the Hottentoos as they were onoe 
before. Besides, we want carpenters, masons, &c., who only now 
arc getting their most diffiimlt work to do, as the wooden houses 
are all falling to pieces. We will however not delay in carrjring 
out promptly your order to the best of our ability. 



The hors4»s will in waiscquence of the diminution of the garri- 
fcon Ik? very welcome to get timber on wagons from the forest, 
which is failing us fast, and requin^s heavy labour. Whether any 
advantages may 1« discovered inland wo may inform you of after 
having made an examination. 



Il 

haer off hier bij ons moost aeugotast worden d' Ed : Comp*^ al ^^^• 
eveneens is: ende oook bij manquement van potspijs noch broots 2ietiJan. 
genoegh ende overvloedigh hebben om 't volcq te geven ende den 
tijt die hier leggen met cool uijtte thuijnen onderhouden worden, 
siilox oock al meede uijtwinninge gaff &o* echter evenwel hebben 
wij uijt onse provisie haer bijgeseth stijff 2,300 Ib. rijs als bij de 
scheeps reecq : onder anderen te pien is. 

Op UFM: ordoro van besoijdinge <le8ü8 guamisoons bobben 
mot dit schip de Gecroonde Leeuw gelargoert 33 coppen en : had- 
den oock gaeme meerder affgesondoo, maer hebben de opperhooff- 
den niet kunnen resolveren vermits haer soberhei jt van victualie 
ende dat ruijm 350 coppen van haer selif sterek waeren meerder 
over te nemun als uijt desselffs mondelinge rapporten behouden 
over comen (dat Qodt geve) te vernemen weeën sal. Ende ten 
ware wij bovenst aende rijs daertoe hadden overgegeven souden 
qualijck derven een man meede nemen hebben maer liever ons 
noch eenige van de haren op den hals gelaten ende dat om haren 
soberh^ voorsz : 

Ende ingevalle de robbenvanghst aal bij der hant gehouden 
worden (daer treek in wesende volgens de laoste bevindinge van 't 
vaderlant) de prindpaelste proffijten vooreerst van dan moeten 
comen endeten dien eijnde al 30 a 40 man alleen toe g'emploijoert 
worden mitsgaders d* E : Comp"^ haer oock aen gelegen laet, 
vermits tot 't selve alle gereetsonappen stuijren, soo sd 't hier 
(edoch onder ^erbeteringe van Uliia.) met 60 man als UEd : 
sustineren niet wel cunnen geolaert maer met wat meerder 
getal dienen geoontinueert te worden alsoo bovendien tot 
onderhoudinffe van de thuijnen ten minste 20 van noden sijn 
ende 12 om diEt^lijcx de beesten in de weijden alomme te bewaren 
in dien men niet weder wil onderworpen sijn het weghstelen van 
deeelve door de Hottentoos als voor desen nuts oleijne waoht ende 
al te groot vertrouwen deser brutale natie ervaren hebben, behalvon 
nuoh timmerl, metaelaers &* die hier prindpael j^nwoordigh 
eent ter degen beginnen haer werok te orijgen vermits de houten 
huijsen voor deeen opgeetelt van't vaderlantae hout (dat al eer't 
hier quam meest vermobempt en : verbroeijt was) heel te malen 
beginnen te vervallen, &^ eonter even wel sullen niet na laten maer 
met allen doenelijck : ijver benaerstigen UEd : wel gevende ordrc 
na ons vermogen in alles promtel : na te oomen. 

De paerden sullen ons mits de besnijdinge doses guamisoens 
alhier troffel : te passé oomen in den arbeijt prinoepael om met 
wagens soo wel Inrant als timmerhout te halen uijt het bos dat 
ons dapper begint te man^ueren ende bloedigen arbeijt tot noch 
toe om gedaan is waerom m't lant iits op te vinden weten niet off 
al wat beschieten sal echter sullen bij gelegentheijt eens preuve 
nemen en UE : adviseren. 



12 



i6ó;>. 



^ We have noted your opinion regardinfjf the trade with Mada- 

23rdJttn. ga*<5ar and the supplying of this place and Mauritius with rioe 
n*om there, but as Yerburgh has stated, there would always be 
sufBoient rice obtainable in the Bay of Antongil — so we close this 
hurriedly to have it ready for the Draak which arrived here on the 
19th and will leave in 2 for 3 days for St. Helena to meet its 
Consorts. 

(Signed) J. v. Rikbekck and 
F. Vkrbttrgh. 



Wo annex the chart of the Bay of Antongil entrusted to the 
senior merchant Piotor de Goyer, who has introduced us to Jan 
Willemez ; Wintervogol and Jan Godfried Sayffliard cadet ; who 
nre acquainted with mining and discovered the silver mines of 
Minas G^raes in Brazil. We have therefore kept them here to 
make a trial. 



After ending this, the yacht Ter Schelling arrived on the 24th 
January, having parted company with the Mnydcn yesterday, 
which is expected every hour. — After leaving Sunda's Straits it 
lost sight of the Weenp. 

List of papers sent to India per the Oekraondc Leemc : — 



1. Original h'tter to the Council datwl 2yrd January, 1(>54. 

2. Copy of letter sent per //o/* van Xeeland dated the 12th 

December 1654. 

3. Do. dt>. do English ship Mervhnut dated 28th 
Dooember. 

4. Copy of Uesolutious of the Counoilof theForlof Good llope. 



18 

Aenffaendo de saeokeu van MauritiuB hier van dan te bevaren l^^- 
ende uit den Madagosoarsen handel dese 2 plaetsen te provideren 23enJan. 
hebben UESd : oonrideratien gemerokt maer aohtervolgende 't 
rapport van den onderooopman Verburgh (wiens aen ons gedaen 
vertoogh en : resolutie in ooj^ie hier neffens gaen) soude in de bai j 
van Antongil genoegh te nnjgen wesen. 

Desen haeetel : besluitende vermits ons wat haesten om onse 
advijsen gereet te orijgen met ten Draeck ( den 19"" hier g'arri- 
veert) ende een^n sijnde binnon 2 è 3 dagen weder te ver- 
treoken na Si. Helena om aldaer ujn Comp" in te wachten soo 
sullen voor dies tijt Hiermeede 

Ed : emtfeste, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer discrete Heeren, 

Mijn Heeren, 

UEd : na onse aider oitmoedighste gebiedenisse en dienstige 
groete Qode in genaden bevolen laten. / 

In 't Fort de Goede Uoope, desen 23 Januari j 1655. 
Onderstont. 
UE. gansch oitmoedige en onderdanige dienaer, 

Was geteijokent, Johan van Ribuke(?k cnde 
Frrdrick Vbrburgh. 

't Caertjen van de Baij Antongil aen Madagascar gaet bij desen 
open in handen van den oppercoopman Pieter de (ioijer welcke 
ons oock heefft voorgestelt 2 personen namentlijck Jan iVillemsz : 
Wintervogel ende Jan Godfrid Saijffhard, adelb: die haer 
verstaen op 't mineren ende de silver mijnen van Brasil in Chiera 
hebbeu o^)gevonden derhalven wij deselve om ter preuve te stellen 
hebbeu luor gehouden misschien wat Godt de Ueere sal gelieven 
te ooenbaren. 

Nae 't sluijten oompt hier op heden den 24'" Januarij oock wel 
t' arriveren 't jacht der Schellingh sijnde gister hier onder 't lant 
van Muijen gencheijden die alle uijr oock verwacht wort, maer 
Weesp hebben na 't uijt lopen van Sundas strate niet vernomen. 

Register van de Pampieren gedirigeert aen d' Ed: Hm. 
Gkmvemeur-Qenerael en : lladen van India, pr. 't schip 
de Gecroonde Leeuw. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen haer opgem^ Ed : dato 23 Januarij 

„ 2. Copiedo. pr. 't Hoff van Zeelant, dato 12 Decemb : 1654. 
„ 3. Pr. d' Engels Marohiant, dato 28 do. 
„ 4. Do. resolution genomen bij den Baet van 't Fort de Goede 
lloope. 



14 

1655. 5. Continuation of Journal. 

23nrJan ^' ^^^P^^ ^^ VorbuTgh to Kiebeeck regarding his disooveries 

along the east coast and the Madagascar trade, &c. 



7. Copy of Resolutions taken on board the Tulp. 

8. Chart of the Bay of Antongil in charge of P. de Q-oyer. 

9. Ships accounts. 



Batavia. 
To the India Council — sent per Oekroonde Loenw. 



26th Jan As Contrary winds have detained the vessel and we are prepar- 
ing our letters for the Directors, we have more closely considered 
yours of 7th November last, received per Draak and Ter 
Schelling — especially as regards the diminution of the garrison — 
we haye placed on l)oard 33 men mostly sick left behind by 
passing vessels — and after a careful calculation find that we will 
want for the seal fishery, the principal source of profit to the 
Company , .. 30 or 40 men. 



For working the gardens, &c., about 12 morgen, 
as the ships require much and each morgen 
is worked by 2 men 24 

For herding the sheep on Bobben Island where 

they thrive so well — at least . . . . 5 

Woo<l cutters and guard in the forest 3 leagues 

away .. .. .. •• •• .. 10 

For every wagon sent f o fetch timber 3 men — 

total . . . . . . 6 

To h«»rtl the cattio and allow tlioin to gnize 

wherever tlu*y like — n)Uf>keteers . , . . 12 



16 

o. Vervolgh van 't Caeps dagregister. ^^^• 

6. Vertoogh van den onderooopman Fredrick Verburgh, 23enJan. 

gedaen aen den Commandeur van Riebeeok wegen de 
ondeokinffo van de ouste desen hoeok van Goede Uoope, 
om ende handelinge aen Madagasoar, &c*. 

7. Copie reeolutien op de gem : voijagie genomen bij den 

Kaad van 't galjot de Tulp. 

8. Caertjen van de Baij Antongil opengaende in handen van 

den opperooopman Pieter de Goijer. 

9. Scheepsreeoq : van Onoosten. 



No. 93. 
Batavia. 

Aen d : Ed : Hm. Oouvemeur-Qenerael endc" Kaden van India 
pr. do Georoonde Leeuw noch nagosz : 

Ed : emtfeate, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer dis- 
crete Heeren. 

Mijn IJeeren : 
De wijle 't schip de Gecroonde Leeuw na sijn gegeven des- 26«n Jan. 
pesche door contrarie winden tot heden noch is beleth gebleven 
om uijt de baij 't seijl te gaen ende wij ondertusschen besigh 
sijnde met onse advijsen t' addresseren aen d' Ed : Hm. Majoros 
met eenen wat nader met opmerckinge hebben geresumeert U Kd : 
missive van den 7'^'* Novemo : pass pr. den Üraeck en ter Schel- 
lingh jonghst becomen insonderh* op 't poinct van besnijdinge 
deses guamisoens op welke UKd : onlre 33 ooppen meest gewesene 
siecken van de gepasseerde schepen pr. voorhaelde Leeuw voor 
eerst al hebben aifgesteecken. Soo is 't dat wij bij goeden over- 
slaffh alhier vooreerst noch sullen van doen sijn ten minste tot de 
roboenvanghst daer de profBjte principael sullen moeten uijt 
eevonden worden . . . . . . 30 » 40 coppen. 

Tot onderhoudinge van de plantagies groot stijfl 
12 mergen lants die men wel van doen sal 
hebben alsoo de schepen veel cool, &c\ con- 
Bumeeren voor ijder mers^n maer 2 man is 24 coppen. 

(>p 't Bobben Eijlant tot bewaringe van de 
schapen aldaer fraij ende beter als hier aen- 
teelende ende groei] ende op *t minste . . -^ >» 

Iloutsagers ende wacht in 't Inds 3 mijlen van 't 

fort . . . . . . . , 10 „ 

Met de wagens na 't bos om 't hout te halen elck 

3 man . . . . . . t> „ 

Om de beesten te bewaren ende alomme te laten 
gaen wijden, ten minste soo se wel bewaert 
sullen worden, musquettiers 1^ n 



16 

1665. Por the battery Duinhoop by day . . . . 2 men. 

26th Jan. Carpenters and assistants at the Port . . 5 „ 

Masons and apprentices, &o., to begin with . . 15 „ 

For the briok kilns at present . . . . 20 „ 

Besides 1 eommander, 2 junior merchant and servant. 

2 assistants. 

3 master at arms and two corporals who are at the same time 

master workmen and overseers. 
2 sick comforter and boy. 

2 smith and aervant. 
1 drummer. 

3 cooks and boy. 

3 chief and junior barber and one boy at least in consequence 
of the many sick generally left behind by the ships. 

1 gunner. 

1 milkman, washer of clothes, &e. 

1 butler and cooper. 

2 boys to serve at the Commander*s table which is generall}' 

well filled when ships are in the bay. The officers being 
boarded by the commander, there being no hotel as yet. 



So that there are besides (he above mentioned still 24. 

Grand total 103 

Besides those remaining behin<l from the ships who largely 
add to the number and cause a large consumption of provisions. 
At present however, including the sick, we only have 115 at the 
Fort and 35 on the islands for catching seals, &c. Not a single 
person is set apart for the watch during the night and at otner 
times— every one is as yet to take his turn without being excused 
from work. The abc>ve calculation will show you what number 
can still be taken from the garrison and we have sent it to you, 
because we gather from your letters that perhaps after the return 
fleet an extra vessel may be sent with supplies for us and for 
Mauritius, and in onler that you may after careful consideration 
send the orders which you deem best. 



1'/ 

Tot bewaringe van de redout Duijnhoop bij dage 2 ooppeD. i^^- 



Timnierl : ende knechts aent fort . . . . 5 

Metselaers ende opperl : &c" voor eerst nooh al . . 15 „ 
Aen do steonbaokerij ten minsten noch voor eerst 

al maer dat sal niet langh duijron • . 20 , 

Behalve nu nooh 1 opperhoofft 

2 onder coopman en jongen 

2 Adsistenten. 

3 Cap"" armes ende 2 Corporaels dat met eeuen werkbaesen ende 

oppassers sijn. 
2 8ieckeu trooster en jongen. 

2 Smits en : knecht. 
1 Tamboer. 

3 Cocx en jongen. 

3 Opper on: onder barbier en jongen, op 't minsten ten aensien 
van de veele siecken hier doorgaens van de schepen ver- 
blijvende. 

1 Constabel. 

1 Meioker, wasser, &c" 

1 Bottelier en : cuijper. 

2 Jongens van 't opperhoofft en : tot dienst van de tafel, vrij 

groot vallende ten aensien van de aenoomende schepen, 
welckers opperhooffden, t' hacr refrissinge daer onthaelt 
worden vermits geen herbergh off te ordinaris ten dien oijnde 
voor als noch geprivilig^ sijn. 
Sijnde dan behalven de bovenstaende noch • . . . 24 



Ende alsoo to samen maeckendo een getal van . . . . 163 

Behalven van de schepen hier t' elckens op onsen hals blijven 
ende het getal machtigh vergrootende ende geen deijnu consump- 
tie in de proviiien maeckende» edoch blijven wij jefenwoordigh 
mot siecke ende al niet meer als 115 bij 't fort ende 35 aen de 
oij landen tot du robben vanghst &c* sonder hierbij nooh een enckel 
persoon geetelt te hebben om buijtendien des s'naohts ende op 
andere tijden de wacht waer te nemen 'twelck tot dato soo wel d' 
een ais d andere opgelc^t is sonder imant van werok off wachten 
vrij te laten invougben U£d : bij dese bovenstaende calculatie ten 
naesten bij sullen kunnen begrijpen wat van dit guarnisoen sal 
mogen gemist worden, het welcke wij daeromme hebben goetge- 
dacht UEd : aldus op te geven, omdat wij uijt derselvor schrijvens 
vernemen wel misschien een jaoht na de retour vlote 't onser en : 
Mauritius secours mochte nerwaerts gesonden werden ten eijnde 
U£d. alsdan bij nader overlegh ons op desen soodanigh nader 
ordre gelieven toe te senden als bij deselve beter als ons gering 
oordeel ten dienste van de £ : Gomp sal verttaen worden te 
behoren. 



26en Jan. 



18 

1665. Should the whale fishery be taken in hand, more men would be 

26th Jan. '©q^öd, but as you require no more oil, we will leave that 
business alone, as it would be inconvenient and very dirty to send 
this unclean stuff with the return fleet. To get a vessel purposely 
from home for the object would entail too much expense, as since 
the peace with England the Greenland oil may be bought for 25 
or 30 guldens per quarter of a hogshead. We wUl therefore 
employ 30 or 40 men on Dassen Island to collect seal skins of 
which we hope annually to send home a quantity of nearly the 
value of a ton of gold if there were only room in the ships for so 
much. But this will not be the case, therefore it may be necessary 
to despatch the Tulj) home with 5 or 6,000 skins in company of 
the fleet. We intend to send the Roode Fiw again to Madagascar 
having sufficient goods on hand for the purpose. The result we 
will inform you of. 



In order to sail between this and Saldanha Bay we iutcnd 
building one or two sloops of 10 or 12 tons each, that also the 
galiots may be excused, which will have nothing to do if no 
whales are to be caught and no voyage is to bo made to Madagas- 
car or Mauritius. It is hardly worUi while to keep one merely 
for fetching oil — but a galiot would also be too small and not safe 
enough for the Madagasoar trade to fetch supplies for the Cape and 
Mauritius. A yacht or flute would be required because of the danger- 
ous seas on the ooast, and also for the purpose of waylaying a 
Mozambique eold prize. On this subject we have also written to 
the masters ; the copy we will send you. We trust tliat this may 
reach vou in sufficient time to enable you to send us your orders 
with the provision vessel expected from Batavia. We draw your 
attention to the idea of the directors as seen in our copy of 
instructions, to keep here a garrison of 70 or 80 men. Afterwards, 
even before the war with England, they informed us that this 
number would not be sufficient ; they therefore ordered us, before 
the war, to take out of the ships 10 or 20 and afterwards 25 men 



ld 

Ende boo de walTisoh vapghst moest bij der bant gevassen ^^^• 
worden souden nocb al meer toe van noden sijn maer dewijlo jOcnJan. 
U£d : den traen glad affecbrijven sullen dat laten berusten alsoo 
die cladderij met de retour sobepen over te senden al te ongelegen 
en : morsigb eomen soude op die oostel : ladingen en : daer toe 
expresse equipagie uijt Vaderlant te remonstreren, bonden wij 
te oostel : voor d' Ed : (^omp' alsoo vermits d' Engelse vreede 
dien Ghroenlantsen traen jegenwocrdigb wel weder voor 25 è, 30 
gl : 't quarteel in 't Vaderlant te copen is. Invougen ons maer 
voor eerst besigh sullen bonden om met 30 h 40 man op 't Dassen 
Eijlant groote partije robben vellen op te gaderen d«ier wij d' E. 
Comp jnerlijcx bopen wel bij ende omtrent een tonne gouts in 
w.icrdije van over te sobioken alsser maer sobeepsruijmte was 
daer 't aen manoqueren sal ende dierbalven de Tulp wel sullen 
dienen met 50 a 60 C=^ in Comp' van de volgende retour vlote na 
't Vaderlant aff te steeoken : met 't ander galjot de Roode Vos 
sijn voornemens nocb een nader preuve op Madagascar te doen 
waertoo jegrnwoordigb carga genoegb bij de bandt bobben en : 
't suL'ces U hd : na desen bopen t' adviseren. 

Ëndo omme de eijlanden ende bÜj van Saldanba bier omtrent 
te bevaren eijn oock voornemens 1 a 2 saloupen van 10 a 12 
lasten op te settcn om oock tot ontlastinge deser plaetse de galjots 
mode te excuseren, welcke niet van doen sullen wesen alsser 
geen walvis gevangen off Madagascar en : Mauritius bevaren 
worden sal welcke een als voren gesz : om den traen die der 
mner alleen affoompt niet te pijne waert is maer aengaende de 
tratüiMiue op Madagascar tot provideringe van deso plaetse en : 
Mauritius soude oen galjot oock al wat te cleijn en : basardous 
vallen, en : dien volgende nootsaeokel : een jacbtjen off te 
Huijt toe van nooden wesen. Vermits het barde storm- 
acbtigh vaerwater bier omtrent ende oook om met eenen 
binnen Madagascar deur op een Mosambioqs gout prijsjen 
empassant te loeren, &c% boedanigb wij aen d' £d : Meeren 
Majores oook sijn adviserende ende waervan UEd : na desen d' 
affsobriffte bebben te verwacbten Ondertusscben in bope blij- 
vende UËd: desen p' de Gecroonde Leeuw soo tijdel: sal 
toeoomen dat wij bier op U£ : nader order met het provisie jacht 
van costij te comen mogen te gemoet sien om ons te dienen tot 
nader ordre. 

Echter evenwel dit noch p' memorie dat d' Ed : Hm. Mrs. 
hare eerste intentie volgens derselver aen ons verleende instructie 
is geweest om hier een guamisoen te houden van 70 è 80 ooppen 
en naderhant p' hare successive missiven al voor den Engelsen 
oorlogb ende eer eenigh ad vijs van ons hadden oock g' oordeelt 
hebben (met onse opinie overeen comende) sulcx niet bestant te 
wesen maer dierhalven ons ordre gesonden (als geseijt voor den 
gein: oorloge) tot versterkcinge eerst 10 & 20 ende naderhant 

c2 



20 

1666. to strengthen the garrison — the total being far beyond 100 men, 
26thJan. ®^®^ before there was an idea of the war breaking out, and much 
less of the seal skins, &o. Upon this the fortress was made and 
will be with difficulty protected with less, e^en against these 
impudent natives. Nor will the repairs so necessary in a new 
work be easily kept in hand. 



We further refer you to our letter of the 23rd of the month, &o. 

(Signed) J. v. Riebekck. 
F. Vkrburgh. 
In the Fort, 26th Jan., 1655. 



27th Jan. 



Tatria. 

To the Chamber of 17. StMit [jor Mnijdvn and Ter Schelling and 
I>rati\\ 



Our last per Tulp dateil 22nd April was sent via St. Helena 
with Hon. h. Kemp, giviug you a hurried acoount of affairs here. 



Since» have arrived the Guudshlmni, &c., all of which have been 
splendidly refreshed and proceeded to Batavia. They brought us 



21 

nooh 25 ooppon te lighten sijnde Bamen verre over de 100 man ^^^ 
alvoren haer Ed : eenige eedaohten hadden op den oorlogh en : 26on Jan. 
veelmin op de robben veUen, &o* waer op dan dese fortresse is 
gem^ ende qual : met minder sal oimnen (selffs voor dese brutale 
natie) bewaert noohte oook de reparation (aen een nieuw werck 
veel vallende) onderhouden mogen worden, p' memorie. 

Dit dan 't prinoipaelste sijnde ten eijnde voorm^ sullen 't hierbij 
laten met hope wij haest wat tijdel : UEd : nader advijs en : 
ordre mogen te gemoet sien ons wijders refererende soo veel desen 
niet contrarieert aen ons vorige sohrijvens van den 23 deser ende. 

Uiermede, 
Ed : emtfeste, wel wij se, voorsienige, seer discrete Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren. 

UEd. na onse aider oitmoedighste gebiedenisse en : dienstel : 
groete Gode in f^naden bevelende. Onderstondt 

UE : oitmoedige en : onderdanige dienaren* 

Was geteijokent, 

JOHAN VAN BlERBRCK, OUdo 

Fkkdrick Vkrbitrgh. 

Met haest in 't Fort de Goede Uoope, 
desen 26 Januari], 1655. 



No. 94. 
Patria. 

Aen d : Ed. Hm* Mijn Heeren de bewinthebberen van de . 
Generale Nederlantse g'octroijeerde Oost Indische Comp" tei 
vergaderinge van de 17*" pr. de schepen Muijden, Ter SoheUingh» 
ende Draeok gess : 

Ed : emtfeste, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer discrete Heeren : 

Mijn Heeren : — 

Onse laetste advijaen aen UEd : gedateert 22 April A» pass pr* ^^^ j^ 
't galjot de Tulp over St. Helena gesonden willen hopen met 't 
behouden varen van de retour vlote onder d' E : Eemp UEd : 
wel sullen ontfangen ende daeruijt begrepen hebben hoewel in 
haeste gess : was, den sucoessiven toestant van dese plaetse. 

Sedert sijn hier van 't vaderlant wel aengeweest de scheepen 
Goutsblom, Botterblom, Angelier, Ylielant, Pari, H : Louijse, Dol- 
phijn, (Hdeon, Bul, Walvis, Hoff van Zeelant ende Gecroonde 
Leeuw op den 9*^ ende 23 Julij ; 14, 15, 16 ende 30 Augustij 
primo ende 21 September, 24 en : 29 Ootob : ende pri"^ Deoem : 



22 



1666. your letters of the 19th Jan., 15th April, 15th May and 30th 
27th Jan. ^^^^7» ^^^ ^'^^ ^^® necessaries and stores for this place according 
to invoice —excepting some wainscoting deals, and a whale boat 
with oars which were not delivered by the Ooudshhcn? and the 
paddles and pistols which were not landed from the Vlieland, — the 
skippers not being able to find them. Would like to have others 
in their place as we require them badly, the wainscoting especially 
for repairing the sloops and other vessels, &c. 



The Haas also arrived here from Batavia via Mauritius with 
rice and other provisions for the Cape. Send you also copy of tlio 
India board's letter ; how badly we were off for provisions and 
what a godsend the yacht's arrival was, and liow necessary tlie 
rice was, you will gather from our journal and the lotters sent by 
us to India. 



In consequence of our necessity, as we wrote to you last year, wo 
decided on the 4th May to despatch the Rooile Vos to Madagascar 
via Mauritius for rice, and with as mucli of a cargo as we could 
scrape together ; we also requested the Commander at Mauritius 
to add a little to the consignment, but he, aware of the despatch 
of the Ilaas to this from Batavia with rice, foolishly sent the 
galiot back, notwithstanding his letter that some preliminary 
trade was necessary at Madagascar in the Bay of Antongil before a 
proper system of commerce oould be established. Tlie preliminaries 
might have easily been met with the Roode Vos, and he could hardly 
have been sure that the Haas would safely arrive here. Had 
it not, then the little rice obtained by the galiot would have been 
of great service ; nor would an abundant supply have done any harm, 
as the galiot was so near Madagascar and a trial could have been 
made ; the more so, as Commander de Jongh urges it upon the 



23 

weloke al te malen treffelijck verversoht ende Yoorta met geeonde ^•^• 
luijden na Batavia vertrooken sijn. . 27enTan. 

Ende waermede suooeesivelijok wel becomen hebben UEd : aen- 

Senamen brieven van den 19^** Januari], 15 April, 15 Maij ende 
O Juli] beneffena de bijgesondene nodioheaen ende proviaien 
&c" voor dese plaetee achtervolgende defaoture daer van ontfangen 
behalven eenige bladen wageeohoot, wat deelen, een Biaoaijse sloep 
endo riemen bij do Gbutablom ende de oas met Badela ende 
pistolen bij Vlielant niet gelevert alsoo van de sohippers niet oosten 
gevonden worden, waeromme gaeme anderen hadden vermits ons 
't wageschot ten hoogste nodioh is tot reparatie van de sloepen 
ende ander vaertuigh &o". 

8oo is hier oook van Batavia uver Mauritius aengeweest 't 
jacht de Haes met rijs ende andore provisie voor de Gaep als 
uijt de neffensgaende copia factura oan b'oogt worden 
daertoe ons gedragen alsmede tot de bijgaende oopie missive van 
d' Ed : 1 Irn : Uenerael ende Raden van India omme te speculeren 
wat deselve haer Ed : aen ons p' d" jacht gess : hebben hoe sober 
dat wij doen gestelt waren van montoosten ende hoe noodi^h ons 
dierhalven d" jachts oompste van Batavia was ende dien njs ons 
te passé quam sullen UËd : uijt onse dagelijckxe aenteijckeningen 
doorgaens wel vernemen gelijck meede uijt ons suooeesive advijsen 
&o' gesonden aen d* Ed : Hm : Generael ende Baden van India 
vervolgens in onse neffensoomende oopie ofte briefbonok gere* 
gistreert. 

Mits welcke sooberhz : (soo UEd : A^ pass^ voorss : onse 
jonghste missive preadverteerden, nootshalven oock al vooren 
hadden goresolveert ende ondernomen op den 4*^ Maij 't galjot 
de Roode Vos over Mauritius te senden na Mada^fasoar omme 
aldaer rijs te halen met soodanigh oargasoen als hier oosten bij 
den anderen schrapen ende versoohten 't opperhooft van Mauri- 
tius tot vergrootinge daer bij te doen die wetende van de Ilaes sijn 
compete herwaerts met rijs voornoemde galjot sonder Madagascar 
aen te laten doen genoechsaem vruohtelooe weder terugh sond, 
ende derhalven slechtelijck goresolveert had dewijle doch sel£b 
schrijft dat eerst wat preparade aen Madagascar in de baaij van 
Antongil dienst gemaeckt eer men tot eenigen handel terdegen 
can comen sulokx met dit galjot fraij sonder verleth (ids daer 
doen ter tijt dight bij sijnde) sonde cunnen geschiet hebben : oock 
was voor hem qualijck vast te weten off 't jacht de Haes al behou- 
den sonde hier comen als wanneer ons bij 't achterblijven van 't 
selve den weijnigen rijs met 't gemelte fi^aljot apparent nooh te 
verwachten in onse soberheijt treffelijok sonde te passé hebben 
geoomen, in allen ffevalle ooste ons den overvloet geen schade 
gedaon bobben, dewijle 't galjot daer soo digh^e bij was ende 
sonder versuijm doch een preuve ooste genomen hebben temeer 
dewijle denselven namentlijck 't opperhooft Maximiliaen de Jongh 



24 

16Ó5. India Council to send him a yacht for the trade to Madagascar. 
27th Jan. What the Council decided and ordered us to do you will gather 
from annexed copy of their letter to us, dated 7th Nov. 



Having sent this galiot to seek for food, it returned from 
St. nelena in the short time of 20 days. We had also sent 
the Tulp to St. Helena with your despatches for the return fleet, 
and when it returned we decided to send it also to Madagascar, in 
case the other did not return hither, that we might get more rice, 
but with orders also to explore thoroughly the whole Eastern coast, 
according to the information of the Jesuit Martini A° 1653, that 
we might be able to know what trade would be possible in those 
parts for the benefit of the Company. After doing the work they 
were to proceed to Madagascar to explore the whole coast for the 
same purpose and especially to get rice for our sustenance, &c. 



They had to start from St. liucia and Antopera and proceed to 
Antongil Bay, as our instructions will show. The Tulp returned 
on the 12th Jjec. Ust, bringing about 5 lasts rice and padi, obfained 
in a short time and at a low rate after it had done its best to 
explore the Eastern coast ; but in consequence of the very strong 
hurricane and high seas they had found it impossible to call at any 
one of the places ordered, excepting Mossel Bay, which they only 
t' uehed at with great danger, as the notes ot Verburgh will show, 
tud likeNvise the logs of the skipjier and mate which will follow 
hereafter per return fleet. Our opinion is that the Eastern coast 
is impossible for navigation with small vessels, and that stronger 
yachts are to be employed which would be hazardous as rc^gards 
the expense, unless a Mozambique prize be obtained. This may 
happen, as the Tuip being in the Mozambique channel could hardly 



26 

aen de Hm. Qenerael ende Baden yan India, dooh insis^ om ^^^* 
een jaoht tot den handel op voorsz: Madagascar, wat deselve haer 27ea Jan. 
£d. daerop hebben goet gevonden ende aen ons g'ordonneert 
gelieven UEd. uijt derselver missive van den 7 *** November (in 
eopie hierbij gaende) te b'oogen. 

Dit eerste galjot dan als voorsz: dus van hier voorafFgesonden 
hebbende om onse kost te soeoken ende naderhant heel cort 
namentlijok in 20 dagen van St. Helena aff weder tot hier 
oomende seijlen, 't galjot de Tulp met missive van den Com- 
mandeur van de retour vlote voorsz: aen St. Helena beloopen en: 
UEd: secrete geslooten brieven overgeleverd gehadt) soo resol- 
veerden dat selve meede nooh na Madagascar na te senden om oft 
't eene niet te recht quam wij met 't andere noch eenige rijs van 
daer becomen mochten edoch met ordre omme eerst t' ontdeoken 
alle de havenen van de ousten deeer hoeck van Goede Hoope 
omme alvooren op de remonstrantie van den Jesuijt Martini] 
A* 1653 aen ons gedaen eens met eenen 't ondernemen wat overal 
off te ergens op de gemelte custen in handel offte andersints ten 
proffijte van d' E. Oomp* mochte te doen offte te verhoopen vallen 
ende naer verrichtinge van dien alsdan over te steecken na Mada- 
gascar ten eijnde voorsz: ende oock om van boven aff langhs dat 
eijlant de gantsche cust meede te ondersoecken wat daer te doen 
soude mogen wesen, edoch insonderheijt om rijs te halen tot 
onser spijsinge &c^ van St. Lucia ende Antipera aff tot de baij 
van Antongu induijs soo uijt de mede gegeven ende in ons 
voorgemelte oopie bouck geregistreerde instructie na te lesen is. 

Welck voorsz: galjot de Tulp door Qodes genade dan weder 
hier geretoumeert is op den 12" Deoemb: pass" meede brengende 
omtrent 5 lasten rijs ende padij in corten tijt ende voor bijsonder 
geringe prijs gehandelt nadat al voren de custen deser hoeck om met 

allen doenlijcke ijver getracht hadden overal te 
eaaton omdeO^. * ontdecken tna^ door de machtige harde tcinden 

ende grove deijningen onmogelijck betonden eenich 
tan de geordonneerde plaetse ah alleenlijck de Mosselbaaij meede niet 
êonder groot peryekei^ aen te doen soo uijt 't vertoogh ende resolu- 
tion van den onderooopman Yerburgh in oopie hier bij gaende te 
vernemen sij, als oock uijt de da^h registers van de voijages 
gehouden bij den schipper ende stuijrman van voorsz : galjot 
hier na te volgen, alsoo die tegen de compste van de volgende 
retour vloote laten claer maedcen tot U £!d : nader speculatie 
•olox dat g'oordeelt wort de custen hier b' oosten onmogelijck 
loudeo wesen te bevaren altoos niet met soodanigh kleijn vaer- 
tuijgh ende daertoe doeoker jachten te emploijeren op ijdele hoope 
aoude wat costelijck mogen vallen ten ware gemeent wiert d' on- 
kosten met een goede Mosambicqse prijse mochte goet gemaeckt 
worden dat miasohien wel geluckte mochte vermits voorsz : galjot 
im Tulp aen de binnen kant van Madagascar wesende qiudijck 



26 

iG5ri. ^\^^y^r jtg n^gg without meeting fairly large ships which it had to 
•iTtlTjan. escape from. If it had been a larger vessel it would no doubt 
have found valuable booty — but all these things are uncertainties 
and we shall eay nothing more on this point. 



Agriculture succeeds very well, consequently the ships find 
abundant refreshments — ^but grain does not appear to thrive, so 
that as a rule wo shall have to be supplied from other places. We 
consequently proposed to the India Council to provision this place 
and Mauritius from Madagascar — From their letter of the 19th 
Jan. you will see what they think of it. 



The seal fishery is kept going on Dassen Island with 30 men, 
80 thai we already have between 2 and 3 thousand on hand. A 
goo<l deal more will be ready when the return fleet arrives. But 
we do not know how to get them away as the vessels are alwaj'8 
so ovcTCiowded that they cannot take in more cargo. We will go 
on, however, until tlie an-ival of the main fleet. India won't have 
any oil, and as we suppose that it will too much dirty the return 
ships laden with such vahiable cargoes to send any home with them, 
also that it would not pay to sond a vessel from llolland purposely 
for the» article, we have decided to desist from buroing oil aud not 
to commence witii whale fishing. We shall busy ourselves with 
collecting skins to meet as far as j)09sible the Cape expenses, — but 
we <annot do this with 50 men, as the India Board maintains, for 
the fort is to be garrisoned, an<l agriculture, carpentry, masonry, 
and othor work has to be done as we explained in our letter of 
2'ird Jan. We th«'refore like to hear your opinion ; in the mean- 
wliHo we will do our bf-st to carry out the instructions of the 
CouucmI, and accordingly sent with the Grkroondr Lfrfttr 40 men 
away, so that besides 40 sick we only have al>out HO men for the 
islands, i\cc , with whom very little can be done. 



27 

haer hooft oosten uijtsteeoken off vernamen t' elckens al redelijoke ^^, 
groote schepen daerse mits hunne cleijne macht doorgaens voor 27c-n Jhïi. 
vluchten moeten anders als deffenoijff genoegh hadden geweest 
soude apparent wel redelroke buijt opgedaen hebben edoch sijn 
onseeokere dingen waeromme onse pen deswegen niet verder sullen 
laeten voortgaen. 

De culture deser landouwe succedeert Oode loff heel wel ende na 
wenech invougen de scheepen hier verversinge in overvlo-^t vinden 
maer de granen schijnen gansch niet te sullen willen succederen, 
derhalven hier van andere plaetsen al doorgaens sullen dienen 
geieoondeert waertoe wij aen d' E. Hm. Oenerael ende Baden 
van India hadden voor gestelt Madagascar om me van dat eijlant 
niet alleen de Gaep maer oock Mauritius te provideren wat haer 
Ed : ons daerop g'adviseert hebben is uijt voorgemelte copie harer 
missive 19**" Januarij verleden pr. de Draeck beoomen te vernemen 
daertoe ons gedragen. 

De robben vanghst laten wij op 't Dassen Eijlant met stijff 
30 man exerceren suïcx iht icfj dnertan al omirent 25 oft 
30 0= ttx. in voorraet hebben ende noch al goet deel meer voor de 
compste van de te volgen retour schepen staet versamelt te 
worden maer weten deselve niet wegh te crijgen vermits dese 
retour jacliten soo vol gestopt endo belemmert sijn dat se qualijck 
een vel cunnen innemen echter evenwel sullen de vanglist ten 
minsten noch continueeren tot de compste van de noch te volgen 
prinoipaelste retour vlote ende aongacnde den traen hebben d. Ed. 
Hm. Generael ende Raden van India bij hare gemelte missive 
mede gladt affgesz. Ende alsoo wij wel gissen dat den traen na 't 
vaderlant te senden pr. de retour sohe«)pen te groote belemmoringli 
ende mor^erij op de costelijcke cargasoenon maken, ende daer- 
omme uijt 't patria expresse equipag^e te doen al te costelijck 
souden vallen soo sijn voornemens soo wel met den robben traen 
branderije als oock de walvis vanghst te supercederen tot UEd : 
nader ordre ende ons maer besigh houden om groote quantite 
vellen op te gaderen daer ons dunckt dat de Uaepse oncosten 
rijckelijk uijt gevonden sullen worden. Maer en can sulcx met 
50 coppen soo d. Ed : Hm. Oenerael ende Raden van India sus- 
tenoren om oock tot besettinge van 't fort lantbouwerij, timmeren, 
metselen ende andere wercken dat alleenigh meer van noden 
hebben meede te gebruijoken niet geclaert worden hoedanigh wïj 
haer Ed : bij onse missive van den 23*^" Januarij verleden cook 
hebben g'adviseert ende UEd : advijs en nader ordre meede 
gaerae verwachten sullen sender nochtans negligent te blijven 
omme ondertusschen des Ed : Hm. Generaels ende Raden van 
Indias onlre]boo]veel(eenigsints^mogelijck sijfpromptelijck na te 
comen ten welckon eijnde met de Oeeroonde Leeuw al omtrent 40 
man hebben gelargeert sulcx ons boven omtrent 40 siecken jogen- 
w^rdigh maer 80 coppen tot alles op d' Eijlanden Ac* 




28 



IC55. 7he fort has been finished a long time after ooUapsing many 

27thTran. ^^^^68 in oonsequence of heavy rains — the embankments are now 
much more sloping, being formed of twigs and sods, and to prevent 
the natives from storming it it is surrounded with palisades. We 
are now busy building the houses inside with briok and lime, made 
here. All the wooden houses are perishing fast. At present a 
good-sized dwelling house and store is ready. Next year we 
intend to send you an exact picture of the same — also of the 
gardens, which cover 12 morgen. About that time we hope to 
have everything in such good order that any future alterations 



will hardly be necessary. 



We also intend to build 1 or 2 sloops of 10 or 12 lasts each, that 
the galiots may be dispensed with for saving expenses here, 
eept^cially if the whale fishery is abandoned, for that would require 
a galiot to " turn " the animal, and if the oommunioation with 
Mauritius and Madagascar is not to be opened up. For the latter 
purpose a small yacht or flute woidd De required. The sloops 
before mentioned would be quite safe and very handy for oom- 
municating with the islands and Saldanha Bay. 



At St. Lucia and Antepera silk will be obtainable, as the French- 
men state, and as may be gathered from the silken clothes worn 
by the natives ; should we again send a galiot thither we will make 
further inquiry, and also see whether the people could be persuaded 
to breed worms, which would be very profitable, as our articles of 
commerce sold there are mere bits of rubbish — see Yerburgh's 
notes — unless the Company may consider that they will be 
losers should the Frencn also in consequence be encouraged to 
continue their trade on the East ooast. 



You provided us last year so well with the Gominbhem and the 
otlier ships that we can only ask for tlie seal fishery, 
3 or 400 good flaying knives. 

2 grindstones. 



29 

OTerblijyen daer niet veel sal meede ounDen oijtgerioht worden. l^^- 
Pr. memorie. 27enJiui 

't Fort is GK)de loff langh volmaeokt nadat hetselve oock al 
meniohmalen van sware regen ingestort oft affgeoalft was dat nu 
met rijs bossen ende sooden vrij sohuijnder als te vooren opgehaelt, 
mitsgaders om 't overloopen van dese natie met storm palen 
rontflóm wel beseth is, wesende nu besigh om de huijsinge binnen 
't fort rontsom al te malen met steen ende kalok (nier gebaoken 
ende gebrant) mitsgaders daerover noch doende wesende, te 
metselen vermits de opgesla^n huijsen van de liohte Vaderlantse 
houtwerdken (meest verbroeijt eer t hier ^eoomen is) al te malen 
dapper beginnen te yervallen, sijnde jegenwoordigh al een 
reaelijck paok ende woonhuijs van steen heeft ende sterok vol- 
maeókt waervan UEd : aenstaende jaer de affteijokennige nevens 
oook van de thuijnen &c*. omtrent de 12 mergen begrepen 
pertinent menen toe te senden alsoo 't daer tegen alles hopen in 
•oodanige fraije perfeotie te hebben datter alsdan geen ofte altoos 
gaer weijnigh veranderingh ofte vermeerderinge sal behoeven 
aangedaen te worden. 

Boo sijn wij oook voornemens om 1 & 2 sloepen van 10 & 12 
lasten op te stellen ten eijnde daermede de galjotis souden mos^n 
excuseren tot al te meerder ontlastinge deser plaetse insonder- 
heijt soo de walvis vanghst sal opgeschort blijven daer anders een 
galjot om die vis te kenteren toe van noode wesen sonde als oook 
wanneer Madagascar ende Mauritius niet verstaen wort te bevaren 
tot welck anders wel een redelijck jachtjen offte fluijtje noodigh 
was alsoo soodanige sloepen als vooren gemelt om d'Eijlanden 
hier omtrent ende de Baij van Saldanha te bevaren doch suffisant 
genoegh ende daer toe oock veel hantsamer vallen sullen. 

Hier vooren hebben vergeten te advijseren dat op Madagascar 
omtrent St Lucia ende Antipera oock sijde soude vallen 
volgens 't seegen van de Franoen ende meede te meroken aen 
de sijden deetjes die d' inwoonors daeromtrent dragen ende 
800 wij dorwaerts weder goetvinden tot naeder preuve 't 
eene galijot te senden sullen 't selve eens wat nader onder- 
■oeoken. Item oock oft die natie tot aeuteelinge soude 
t' animeren sijn, 't welcke seer proffitabel vallen soude vermits 
de n^otie daar doch maer met lompen ende leuren te doen is 
als ui] t 't rapport van voorss : Yerburgh in copie hierbij gaende 
te vernemen is ten ware tot Comp' schade te vreesen moohte 
weeën, de Francen daer deur te meer soude g'animeert blijven : 
tot haerl : vaert b'oosten deee Gaep Ac*. 

UEd : hebben ons A passo* pr. de Qoutsblom en de volgende 
schepen van allee soodanigh version dat voor dese mael niet 
meer weten te ontbieden als tot de robben vanghst 3 a 400 goede 
vilmessen. 

2 slijpsteenen. 



30 
i^' 20 or 30 lbs. glue. 

Some bilf-round files to sharpen the saws ; also some oloth, 
serge, &c., for clothing for the men. 

Also i-doz. casks fine wheat flour, as the wheat does not thriye 
here. 
The money which passed on to Batavia in the Ter ScheUina 
the Council there retained, especially as there was no money 
current here. We intended to pay ration money (salary) to the 
oificors, especially the married ones, that the Company might bo 
saved the expenses connected with their wives and children, and 
that we mignt have our hands a little freer, &c. 



(Jn the 19th Dec. a private English ship named the Eatsl Indian 
Jlnrhanê arrived here, commanded by A. Nyport and destined to 
Batavia. She Iiad been more than 5 montns at sea and conse- 
quently had some sick on board. Wo provided him with vegetables 
and a cow. Wo made him a present of the lot to make him feel 
his great obligations to tlie Company. He sent in retiu*n a hogs- 
heiid of English ale, a caee of distilled water, 1 cheese and 5 or 6 
tongues. Tcx)k care that the sense of obligation was on his side. 
Would like to know how in future to treat such visitors. 



We only obtained this ycjir 20 cows from the natives; also 11 
s)hn>p, thc»ugh we gave for them '\ or 4 times as much as we did 
before. Tliese allies of Herry do not like to part with their cattle, 
and onlv desire to get what they want from tne men of the ships 
for ostrich egg shells and other rubbish. Tney are soon satisfiml, 
only caring tor a little arrack and some food. For this they show 
UH some service bv fetching fuel for the cooks, saving our men the 
trouble, who would otherwise have to go about 3 leagues for it. 



31 

20 il 30 lb. lijm tot yersoheijden saooken te pas oomende i^^- 
partijo stael boo voor dato niet gesonden is 27th~Jan. 

Eenige halfi ronde vijlen om de sagen te soherpen ende weder 
laken ohargies &o* tot eleedinge ende versohoninge voor 't voloq 
als voor deesen. 

Beneffens } dosijn tonnen fijn taruwen meel alsoo de graenen 
hier niet ounnen voortoomen als hier vooren breeder ^esz : is. 

't Gtelt pr. der Sohellingh verbij geraeokt hebben d' Ed : 
Hoeren Generael ende Raden van India op Batavia ten dienste 
van de Comp' gehouden ende niet nodigh 
to'ra«^^^v^Wj gö^^oht weder herwaerts te resiqueren te meer 
gcraieckt. omdat hier noeh geen geit gangbaer was, 

hadden anders gemeent en insonderbeijt de 
getronde officianten op oost gelden te stellen om den last van 
vrouw ende kinderen van Comp' hals aff te werpen ende haer 
daer alleen na de maniere van India op te laten leven ende ons 
wat meerder vrijioheijt te maecken &c'. 

Op den 12 Deoemb : verleden is hier aengeweest een particu- 
lier Engels schip genaemph d' Oost Indias Marchiant ende den 
Capt" AjQthony Nijpoort teudeerende na Bantam hebbende over 
de 5 maenden in zee geweest ende daeromme wat scheur- 
buijckige ende eiecken opgehad! derhalven hem op desselffs 
versoeck na genoegen hebben g'aooomodeert met moes- 
cruijden, Ac" uijt de thuijnen tot ververssinge nevens oock een 
koebeest allen 't welcke hem als sijnde van geringe waarde ende 
voor haer maeckende groote obligatie van Comp wegen hebbon 
vereert waer tegens weder een ooxhooft Engels bier, een keldert je 
strangh water met 1 kaes ende 5 & 6 tongen voor de keuoken had- 
de aen lant gesonden, edoch bij ons insondcrheijt wel versorght 
dat sij op 't hooghste verobligeert sijn gebleven mitsgaders oock 
niet minder eeoontenteert hoedanigh UEd : gelieven in toeoomen- 
de met deeelve hier aenoomende vorders sal gehandelt worden 
sullen gaeme derselver ordre over verwachten omme ons prompte* 
lijckx na te mogen reguleeren : 

J)e handelingh met deze natie heeft deseu jare gansch weijnigh 
beschooten alsoo niet meer als 29 stx. koebeesten oude elff schapen 
van deselve hebben ounnen mijlen niet jegenstaende haer voor een 
doorgaens wel soo veel gaven als te voren oijt voor 3 k 4, maar hebben 
van dese troup (Ilerry s g'allieerde sijnde) al van den beginne dit 
gemerokt dat se niet garen van haer vee affscheijden ende niet 
anders soecken als haer genoe^n te orijgen van den gemeenen 
voloque van de aenoomende schepen voor wat struijs-eij doppen 
en wat lomperiien: vermits haest versadight sijn, ende hun 
maar om wat tabaoq, araoq ende een buijok vol eten te doen is 
voor 't welcke sij oos oock redelijcke aoeomodatie doen in 't 
branthout halen voor de ooox tot fraije ontlastins^e van ons voloq 
die der anders al swaren arbeijt om doen ende wei een mijl van 't 
Fort uijt 't geberghte hilen moeten. 



f 



32 

1665. Some living more in the interior visited ns, but trade with them- 
27ei, Jan. ^^ much impeded by Kerry's allies, as our journals will show, so 
that in our opinion, these rogues (really aiders and abetters in the 
theft of our cattle) are the cause that no other natives dare 
approach us, with whom trade would be easy, and from whom 
ivory also might be obtained. We believe that Kerry's allies 
profess to be our allies likewise, and only have the right to remain 
about the fortress, and are always protected by us against all 
comers. In this way they keep the pastures for themselves alone, 
for though the other natives show themselves in the neighbour- 
hood, judging by the fires, they dare not come near enough. 



Also we observed that if the others came from the far interior, 
these allies of Kerry at onoe moved off, so that the strangers as 
we suppose dare not come to us. What lies Kerry tells these 
strangers, we don't know, — though we never saw him, we saw Ids 
wife and children with our cattle among his allies. We have 
therefore reason to believe that he does as much mischief as he 
can, and that his allies and all their cattle should be gotten into 
our power — the other natives would not mind it, as there is no love 
lost between them, — but the difficulty is to be feared that the 
roads would become unsafe, imless a strong euard of soldiers is at 
hand. As it is, we have to be on our guard and protect our few 
head of cattle with 10 or 12 musketeers in order to preserve them. 



Our letter book will tell you of our suggestion to the India 
Council to provision the Cape and Mauritius from Madagascar by 
o|>eniug u}> the trade there, and so doing away with the express 
vessel annually sent from Batavia. Their answer is annexed as 



sa 

Van andere natiën dieper uijt *c lant eijn somtijts wel eenige ver- ^^^* 



floheenen moer niet met haere heele troepen offte Teel vee als somtijts 
maer 1 of 2 : daer dese Henry's g'allieerde hun dan ten eersten oij 
Youghen, ende '^ elckens genoeghsanu stut in de handel maeckten, 
geUjck dioorgaens in ome dageli/ckae aenteijckeninge om sommige 
ptaetaen largo te leaen i«, sulox dat onses gevoelens dese 
sohelmen (soo bij ons genaempt omdat se doch hulpers erde heel- 
ders van onse gestoolen beesten sijn) oorsaecke sijn dat geen 
andere hier omtrent derven oomen daer anders seer civil mede te 
handelen sij ende misschien wel wat oliphants ende zeeooe tanden 
oook van te becomen wesen soude, maer wij houden 't (onder 
verbeteringh van wijser oordeel) daer voor dat dese voorm : Herrijs 
g'allieerde d' andere wijs mae<^en sijlieden met ons in contract 
ende verdragen sijn om geen andere als hun alleen omtrent onse 
besettinge te dulden, ende als sijlieden dighte bij quamen wij 
haer dan voor d' andere inwoonders souden beschermen, &c om 
alsoo de wei j den voor hunne beesten ende schapen hier omtrent 
aHeen te houden, 't welcke ons genoeghsaem blijckt alsoo d' andre 
inwoonders wel hier om ende bij verschijnen (soo aen 't branden 
van hun vuijren vernemen) maer niet derven als wel voor desen 
dichte bij oomen. 800 hebben oock in den beginne mede gemerokt 
dat als d andere quamen diep uijt 't landt dese schelmen dan 
datelijck vertrocken ende nu nae ons gevoelen om voorsz : inductie 
niet derven aencomen ende wat Herrij die wij persoonlijck niet, 
maer wel sijn vrouw ende kinderen als meede onse beesten onder 
desen schelmsen hoop vernemen d' andere oock wijs maeckt is 
qualijck te raden altoos ten minsten vast te stellen datter geen 
goet maer aUe quaet onder werokt soo veel hij emmers can oft 
mach. 

Invougen onses oordeels soo heel vreempt niet ware dat men 
dese gemelte Herrijs g' allierde met al haer vee sagh in ons 
ge welt te orijgen, wij hebben 't gevoelen dat haer d' andere sulox 
niet eens aentrecken souden vermits doch genoeghsaem te 
mereken is dat se eeen fidele vrundeo sijn edoch is daertegen 
weder dese swarigneijt te vresen dat men alsdan soo heel 
veijligh niet souden cimnen ofte derven alle wegen passeeren 
dan met steroker convoij van soldaten als wel nu dat 
men echter meede al naeuw < ssen, ja onse weijnige 
beesten doorgaens al met 10 è V4 bewaren, ende 

weijden moeten off souden ons ' i e ai overlangh ende 
't elckens weder ontvoert worden, p* adv 

In ons briefbouck sullen U£d. 1 : 

gedaen aen d' £d : Hr^ G 1 . iie 

p' de Gk)utsblom, ende Ha < .1 mjt ni 

van Madagascar niet allee . de 1 mi o< i 

provideren, ende alsoo d' e: equi ti j 

d ei j lant jaerlijcx moetende . te 



27th Jan. 



f 



34 

1656. received per Draak,— wonld be glad of your opinion for onr 
27th Jan. guidance. 

Our pay and commercial books, sentences, and charts we have 
not been able to get quite ready because of the speedy departure 
of the vessels. Will send them with the next ships. 



In the Fort, 27th Jan., 1655. 



(Signed) J. v. Riebeeck. 
F. Vkrburoh. 



Liist of papers sent to the Council of 17 :- 



No. 1. Original letter as above. 

„ 2. Copy of letter sent to India. 

„ 3. Copy of letters received from India. 

„ 4. Copy of invoice of tlio ffaa^i from India. 

„ 5. Capi? Journal. 

„ 6. Copy of resolution of the Council. 

„ 7. Narrative and resolution given in by Verburg, con- 
nected with the voyage along the East Coast to 
Madagascar. 

„ 8. Private letter from the Cape to the Council of 17. 

Likewise 2 English and one letter (Dutch) from the officers of 
the llof to the directors : — 

For Zealand 1 letter. 

„ Enckbuysen „ 

„ I loom ., 

„ Delft „ and 

,, Rotterdam ., 



36 



1695. 



Ed. daerop hebben g'antwoort, ^lieyen UEd. te sien tiijt der- ^ 
selyer jonghst aen ons eesz : miBsive p' den Draeok beoomen, ende 271m Jan. 
hior neffens gaende op t weloke 000k gaerne UEd. advijs sullen 
verwachten t' onser meerder narightinge in toeoomende. 

Onse soldije endo negotie bouokjeB, sententien, oaertjens, 
i^o". nu vermits 't haestigh vertreok deser scheepen niet wel 
cunnende vaerdigh ciijgen hoopende met de volgende principale 
retour vloote te laten volgen : nevens ons nader advijs oversulcx 
in desen door haestigheijdt mochte vergeten, ende overslagen 
wesen dos : Hiermeede Ëd : emtfeste, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer 
discrete heeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

ITEd : na onse oitmoedige gebiedenisse ende dienstighe groete 
Oode in genaden bevolen laten. 

In 't Fort de Goede Hoope den 27'" Januarij 1666. 

Onderstont, 
UEId : oitmoedige ende onderdanige dienaeren, 

Was geteijckent, 

JoHAN VAN UlKREKCK. 

Frbdrick Vbrrurgh. 



Register van de Pampieren gedirigeert aen d' Ed : Heeren 
Bewinthebberen van de Oenerale Nederlantse g'ootroijeerde Oost 
Indische Comp" ter vergaderinge van de 17"" voor de Gamer 
Amsterdam. 

No. 1. Origineele missive aen opgemelte haer Ed : 
„ 2. Gopie affgesondene missive na India &c^. 
„ 3. Gopie ontfangen d* van India successive. 
„ 4. D ' factura van de Haes uijt India. 
„ 5. Kaeps dagh register. 
„ 6. Gopie resolutien van de Gaep. 

„ 7. Yertoogh ende resolutien van den onderooopman Yer- 
burgh gedaen wegen de voijagie desen hoeck van 
Gt>ede Hoope om ende Madagascar respective. 
„ 8. Particulier bnefken van de Gaep aen de vergaderingh 
van 17"'. 
Item 2 Engelse ende een brief van 't Hofs opperhooiTden aen 
de bewintheboeren : 
Zeelant , 1 brieff. 
Enckhuijsen, idem. 
Hoorn, 
Delft, ende 
Rotterdam. 

d2 



86 



mhS.\ No. 95. 



Instructions for the Ttf/p ready to procee 1 to St. Helena : — 



As we oannot do witliout tlie horses and saddles sent to na from 
India per the Weeaj}^ whicli passed the Cape, for we are much in 
want of timber and fuel, which must be brought on in wagons, 3 
leagues from the fort, we decided on the 27th Jan. last to send a 
galiot to St. Helena to fetch the horses thence, and with the help 
of tlio men of the return fleet, to catch the other horses placed on 
th(» island by the Hon. Teylingen. 



You shall therefore leave as soon as you can and bring back 
with you as many young pigs and lemon trees not thinner than a 
man's arm, and to be planted here, as you can get. Would like 
you to be back before the arrival of the following fleet. That the 
men may be made willing to help you to catch the horses, you 
shall offer 6, 8 or 10 rix dollars for every horse. For this purpose 
you receive 60 Rds at 51 stivers, also some pady to feed the honies. 



In the meanwhile we wish you a pleasant voyage, and give you 
some fuel and a cask of pork to take to Dassen Island. 

In thoFcrt, 12th Feb., 1605. 

(Signed) J. v. KiKUKKrK. 



37 

1616. 
No. 95. 1.2«i Feb* 

lofltruotio voor d' Opperhooffdoa van 't galjot do Tulp gereet 
leggende omme van hier te verseijlen na St. Helena. 

De wijle wij door *t voorbij loopen van den soheepe Weeep 
weder staen gefruetreert to blijven van de paerden ende sabels in 
deselve door d' Ed : Urn. Generael endo Kaden van India voor 
deese plaetse gescheept ende dat die ons soo noodigh sijn als 
broodt in den mont pnnoipalijck om niet alleen timmer maer oock 
branthout (ons hier omtrent dapper beginnende te manqueren) 
met wagens uijt bos (3 mijlen van 't fort) te halen soo hebben 
goet gevonden achter volgende onse genomen resolutie op den 27 
Januarij pass" een galjot meede na St. Helena te senden, om die 
verbij geraeckte paerdeu ende sadels van daer hier te brengen. 
Item oock te ondernemen off met behulp van 't voloq der gemeke 
retour jachten de andere paerden (daer nooh sijnde opgeset uijt 
de heer van Teijlinges vloote) mede te crijgen soude wesen om 
die alsoo te samen dan gelijok herwaerts terugh te senden : 

Weshalven sigh dan op 't spoedighste bevorderen suit om 
metten aider eersten 't zee te kiesen, ende derwaerts te navigeren 
om het voorige uijt te rechten, ende oock met eenen soo veel jonge 
verekeus ende lemoen boomtjci niet dunder als de dickte van een 
mans arm, meede te brengen tot aenfockiuge alhier als solder 
verleth sal cunnen geschieden alsoo u gaerue tegen de compste 
van de aenstaende noch te volgen retour vloote weder hier haddea 
ende opdat de luijden voornoemt wat te williger mogen wesen 
tot het opvangen van do gemelte paerden, soo sullen Ui : tot een 
premie op ijder paert stellen 6:8: ofte 10 rijcxdaelders ; daertoe 
UI ; GO stx. & 51 st" meede geven : Item oodt partije padij tot voer 
voor de paorJen, voor dees tijt dan niet anders hebbende sullen 
UI : tot beslujji een geluckige ende spoedige heen, ende wederom 
reijse toe wenschen, ^och alvoroii noch gerecommandeert later 't 
gohaelde branthout, ende 1 vat speek empassant aen 't Dassen 
Jblijlant te brengen voor ons volcq aldaer. 

In 't Fort de Qoede Hoope, den 12 Februarij 1655. 

Was geteijokent, 

JOUAK VAN RlKlMtFOK. 



1655. 
lith Fe'». 



38 

No. 1)6. 
St. Helena. 

To the lion, llubort Lairosso and other officers of the return 
Hoot, sent per Tulp. 



As we have reason to believe that the Wvvyt has passed us and 
is now at St. Uelena, leaving us without the saddles, pistols, &ü., 
and the horse (all so indispensable here), we resolved on 27th Jan. 
last to despatch the Tulp to you, to take over the things on board 
the Weespj and to see whether the 7 horses left by Hon. v. Tey- 
lingen might not be caucht and put on board the galiot. The 
Council, strengthened with your Vic'c-Commander Uugo and the 
merchant Volkerts, resolved to offer a premium of 6 or more reals 
for every horse taken on board, that the men might be encouraged 
to catoh them, for we highly require them. Kespeotfully ask you 
to assist us in the interest of the Company. 

(Signed) J. v. Kikhekck. 
In the Fort, VZi\i Feb., lOOO. 



We beg that if Jan Rostoik, who hid himself in the Com- 
mander's ship, be found, he may be sent back ; his person we care 
little about, but we look to th«' couKHiuences. 



de retour 



39 

1655. 
No. 96, 12e^Feb. 

St. Uelena. 

Aen d' E : EL' Hubert Lairesse, Commandeur, 
onde verdere Opperhooffden van 
vloot e, p' 't gal jot de Tulp gesz : 

Achtbare wel wij se, voorsienige, seer discrete Heeren , 

Mijn lleereu, 

Alfloo 't retour jacht Wesep tot heeden t' onser leetwesen niet 
vernemen, ende dierhalven vast besluijten 'tselve sal verbij, ende 
bij UEd : aen St. Helena geraeokt wesen, waerdoor wij dan ge- 
frustreert blijven van de cas met sadels, pistoolen &o'*., als oock 
't paert voor deeee plaetse daerinne, ende ons hier ten hooghsten 
noodigh wesende soo hebben achtervolgende onse op 27'''' Januarij 
pass* genomen resolutie bij desen aen tJEd : affgesonden 't galjot 
de Tulp omme de goederen van voorsz : Weesp over te nemen 
ende met eenen meede te sien o£E met hulpe van UE : vloots volcq 
d' andere 7 paerden op St. Helena noch sijnde gebleven van de 
Hr. van Teijlmgee vloote meede soude ounnen opgevangen ende 
hier gebracht worden waertoe bij resolutie voorsz : versterckt met 
UE. vice Commandeur Hugo ende coopman 7olckersz : tot premie 
voor ij der paert dat gevangen ende aon boort gebracht wort goet 
gevonden is te stellen 6 oft meer realen ten eijnde de luijden wat 
ffraegh ende willigh in 't opvangen wesen mochten alsoo ons 
aoselve hier ten hooghsten noodig^h sijn ende dien volgende seer 
dienst vrundelijck versoeoken dat ÜE :. doch daertoe de hulpendo 
hant gelieve te bieden waer aen niet alleen ons acconio- 
datie maer oock d' E. Comp' bijsondere dienst alhier geschieden 
aal desen dan tot geen andere eijnde dienende sullen tot beslui jt 

Hiermeedo, 
Achtbare, wijse, voordienige, seer bescheijdene Heeren ende 
waerde vrunden UE. na onse oitmoedige gebiodenisse Qode ju 
genaden bevolen ende hertelij ck gegroet laten van 

UE : dienstwillige vnmt ende dienaor, 

Was geteijckenty Johan van Bibbbbck. 

in *t Fort do Goede Hoope, 
den 12 Febmarij 1655. 

Den persoon Jan van Rostock die sigh van hier op 't schip van 
de Hr. Conmiandeur heeft veisteecken versoecken indien te voor- 
schijn is gooomen dat ons magh terugh gesonden worden niet om 
sijos persoons halve is weijnigh aen gelegen maer om de 
0(»uequentie. 



40 



No. 97. 



Daesen Island. 
To the Assistant, Jan Woutersen, sent per the Tulp. 



1665. The Tulp takes 3 boatsfull of fuel for you and 1 cask of pork ; 

"C, , trust Ihat you may continue the seal fishery untilJune, — will soon 

® * send you the Roode Voh to take on board the seal skins, and 

inquire how the industry is proceeding, — collect as many as you 

can between this and April, for the return fleet. 

In the Fort, 12th Febr., 1654. 

(Signed) J. v. Rieukeck. 
F. Vekkukgh. 



No. 98. 



Instructions for the junior merchant Verburgh and the officers of 
the Roode Vos about to proceed to Dassen Island and Sal- 
danba Bay. 

16th Feb. To refresh your memory merely, you take with you the resolu- 
tion stating why you are sent away. After having done your 
work at llobben Island, you shall at once proceed to Saldanha 
Bay in order to obtain there a good number of sheep and cows, to 
be carried per galiot to Robben Island. For this purpose 



41 



I>Bvi]lft ': fil/:i: i* lil} r-*:ai-r!i ▼• n -.i >: lLti«ü.i s.» 
aden wij UI; :c «.ri T^rv:»*<i:£ -tcuiadfiazj: -;i:ii . lorc? :rtii"-i'-«L 






'.ril*-* ',;';i^'-^.'?uvi «uv : ^u,.»-. c* j^>^^ V-m 

■V^t^ : l/MS r^ jb .»V: .* to*"U'-^L l.fc V. Vfc , »4^'. Z^.^lnV'^ «ff 
KLi-tf n*»'i;.v** 1..* .: ^^y*K LUwC^i ^r»vL «U^. i.>^/* Ivsr/tu 
pin«H:.4 «A «-'>'> MtCLu^yr U^^t 4Cwit ^*r'^^\ >4Hi<Ai»M 



{ 



42 

1666. you take with you 22 lbs. plate and 124 lbs. wire oopper, 60 lbs. 
Mth Feb. tobacco and 1 gross pipes. You may give 4 times as much for the 
sheep as is ordinarily given, as the Company is very much in want 
of cattle. You are to give the usual quantity of tobacco as we do 
not have much in stock, a lot having become rotten. The cows 
are to be bought at the usual rates. When the sheep are sent to 
Robben Island the herds are to be told to castrate the rams and 
cut off the tails of the ewes, that the breeding be not interfered 
with. Rams when castrated become lai'ger and fatter. We intend 
in course of time to breed Dutch sheep. For this purpose we 
have already placed there a Dutch ram bom here. 



You may liberally spend copper for ivory in order to encourage 
the natives to bring more. Wliilst the trade is proceeding you 
must get some birds from the islands, to bo salted down for the 
men. You take 2 casks salt for the purpose and also for preserv- 
ing '* harders " (mullets). Do what you can for the profit of the 
Company and be diligent, &c. 

In the Fort, 16th Febr., 165o. 

(Signed) J. v. Biebkeck. 



No. 99. 



Instructions for the mate Tymon Egbertsz ; proceeding to Dassen 
Island and Saldanha Bay with the boats of the Olipfianf, &c. 

Ui Manb. Not having any fresh meat for the men to be added to their 
vegetables, and the vessels remaining here until Sunday next, and 



43 

ESjlant ende herwaerts laten brengen, waerloe UI : bij desen meede i^'^'^- 
geven 22 tb plaet ende 124 tb draet cooper, 1 rol van ^0 tb i^^eiH-Vb. 
tobaok ende 1 gros pijpen, mogende wel 2, 3, & 4 mael soo veel 
voor de schapen gegeven worden als d' ordinaire gewoonte plachte 
wesen, alsoo d' E. Comp* aen dat vee maghtigh veele gelegen is, 
ende daeromme als t' anders niet vallen wil wel rijckeujok ooper 
voor magh gegeven worden maer tabacq niet veel meer als oxdi- 
naris alsoo daer 't minste wel van hebben door dien veele bedor- 
ven ende verrot is ende de koebeesten moeten voor de ordinaris 
prijs gehandelt worden, ende als de schapen aSeent moet UI : ons 
volcq op 't Robben Eijlant indachtigen dat se alle de rammen die 
noch redelijck jongh sijn ende 't selve verdragen mogen datelijck 
lubben ende de ooijen de staerten affsnijden om mits haer dickte 
ende groote geen beleth tot de generatie te geven de redenen 
waeromme wij ordonneren de rammen te lubben is omdat se dan 
te grooter ende vetter worden endo doch rammen genoegh aldaer 
tot aentelingen sijn, oook sijn wij voornemens om metier tijt al 
te malen HoUants slagh daer aen te teelen, ten welcken eijnde 
daer al een HoUantsen ram (hier geworpen) hebben opgeaeth — 
pr. memorie. 

Soo der eenige oliphants ende zeecoetanden verneempt mooght er 
oock wel redelijck cooper aen spenderen om haer tot aenbrengingh 
van die coopmansz : oock te meer t' animeren. 

Soo moeten UI : oock overleggen om ondenusschen dat in han- 
delinge sljt met eenen wat vogels van do ei j landen te halen ende 
insouten tot toespijs voor ons volcq waer toe dan oock 2 vaten sout 
mede geven om oock mogelij ck sijnde wat herder to vlecken ende 
droogen ten eijnde voors : ende wes meer UI : cunt overleggen 
d. E. Gomp*" voordelij ck ende dienstigh te wesen sulcx alles ten 
beslui j te dan op U uaersticheijt sullen laten aencomen ; ende te 
samen toe wenschen een geluckige behouden heen ende wederom 
reijse. 

In 't Fort de Qoedo Hoope, den 16 Februarij 1655. 

Was geteijckent, 

JoHAN VAN BlBBBBCK. 



No. 99. 



Memorie voor den stuijrman Thijmon Egbortsz : gaondo met 
de groote boots van do schepen Oliphant, Malacca ende 't Wapen 
van llollant na 't Dassen Eijlant ende Baij van Saldanha. 

Alsoo wij hier geen schapen off beesten hebben om de gemelte len Maart, 
scheepen voor haer volcq te geven tot do cool ende moescruijden 
dagehjoz aen boort gesonden wordende ende om 't volcq ter degen 



44 



1666. presuming from the long absence of the galiot that some cattle 
ut Murt-h. ^^ hoen obtained, you are as acquainted with the coast, to proceed 
with the ship's boats to the places mentioned to take on board as 
many sheep as have been obtained ; but if none are to be had, 
then you are to bring as many birds as you can get from the men 
there. If you ^t nothing you shall call at Dassen Island and 
till the boats with fresh penguins, cleaning them thoroughly and 
salting thsm slic^htly. In catching the birds you are to obey tlie 
orders of Jan Woutersen and allow nobody to kind except thohc 
allowed by him, that the seals be not frightened. 



In the Fort, 1st March, 1655. 



(Signed) J. v. Kiebeeck. 



No. 100. 
To the India Council, sent \)ct Malacca and Wapen tan Holland. 



7th Marvh. This accompanies copies of our letters of 23rd and 26th Jan. 
sent per Gekroonde Lctntr, and also the continuation of our Journal. 
On the 28th the Draak and Terwheliintj left for St. Helena— the 
next day the Muyden arrived under the Hon. Lairesse. It left 
on 9th Febr. for St. Helena, seeing nothing of the Weesp. Will 
wait for the latter there. 



44 

lÊb varenen go<4 gevonden is *•>( S^nfiigh aenstaende deeehe ^'^'* 
hur nodi te wen Uij ven. soo ist dat ventAan is, gemerokt one |^ Miuut. 
gal jot daer soo lange blijft ende dierhal v»rc te presomeren aij 
3' onae daer apparent wel mochten wat schapen ende beeeten 
gereoijlt ende op vtx>rraet hebben UI : kenniase hebbende van 't 
gemelte vaerwater, te senden nae de voors : plaetse met de grootc 
Doota van de ffemehe -i schepen omcie van daer te halen soo veel 
tohapen ende beesten als ons volcq in de Baije van Saldanha 
moohte gehandelt hebben: off bij missinge van dien dan mot 
vene vogela hier te ojmen di^ d' od^ r.p een van d' £ij landen in 
de voors: Baij sijn vangende, welken y«ilgende den schipper 
Jan Sijmontz : l'l : soo v*>le WTse vogels sal overgeven alsdunckt 
goet ende wel suit cimnen overbrengen. Edoch soo die daer niet 
teorijgen waren suit in den wederom reijse't Dassen Eijlaot 
aandoen ende dan van daer br»>ngen soo veel verse peguijna 
ala elcke boot goet sal cunnen overbrengen ten d^en eijnde 't 
«elve datelij ck schoon 't vel aftreckende ende 't grom uijtha- 
lende mitagadera op malkander geeprenght stapelende waartoe 
X}E. de schippers van de ge« lachte scheepen sout sullen mede 
geeven ende in allen gevallen sullen UI. in't vangen van de 
pegoijns promptelijok volgen d'ordro van Jan Woutersz r ende 
niemant verder op *t lant laten gaen als denselven toestaet opilat 
de robben niet verjaecht en worden. 

In 't Fort de Goede Hoope, primo Maert A" 1655. 

Was geteijckent, 

JOHAN VAN UlKHKKrK. 



No. 100. 
Batavia. 

Aen d' Ed : Urn. Gouvemeur-Qenorael ende 
Kaden van India, pr. deseheeiK'n Malatini 
ende 't Wapen van llollant gos/.. : 

Ed. emtfeste, wel wijse, voorsienige, sot>r discrete IIiH'reu. 

Mijn Ileeren : 

Desen dient tot geleijdt* van onse voorige missive gtnlatoort '2'^ :*u Mn.ut 
ende 26 Januarij pr. de Gecroonde Leeuw gesondon, noffons *t 
vervolgh ouser dagnregisti*rs sedert vertn^^k van d scliip waer bij 
te bV>ogeu sij hoe dat eerst do 8c*h<»ei)en ter Hohelliugh ende 
Drawïk op 28*" vooraif vnrtroikrMi sijii na 8t. Helena, ende d(«s 
anderen daeghs hier wo<lor g*arri voert 't jacht M uij tien mot d' E. 
üonnnandour Ijaireano wolrko tlrn $» Fob : (siomle WiH)tp niet 
«.omen] m^'ode voorts na geme'te oijlant vortrocken is mot voor- 
nomen ommo aldaor don anderen in to wachten, endo dan voorti 



1G55. 
7th March. 



46 



The Weeap not calling, has deprived us of the horse, saddles, &o. 

We therefore sent the Tulp to St. Helena for the articles and also 
to see whether the horses left there by Van Teylingen are to be 
had. Also to bring some pigs, apple and lime trees to be planted 
here. 



After departure of the ships mentioned the Malacca , &c., arrived 
here on the 19th, &c., and the annexed copies will show what the 
directors have written us. Our answers and further correspon- 
dence we shall forward with a following opportunity. 

In the Fort, 7th March, 1655. 

(Signed) J. van Ribbbkck. 



List of papers sent to India per Malacca^ &c. 



1. Original letter dated 7th ICaroh, 1655. 



2. Copy of letter sent per Oekroondc Leeuw. 

3. Onginal letter of the Seventeen to the Cape, dated 6th 

October, 1654. 



47 

geoombineert na 't Yaderlant te verseijlen. Soo apparent wel ^0^^- 
vernemen suit uijt ne£fen8gaende sijn E. missive in desen ge- 7enMkart. 
slooten. 

Ende alsoo wij door Wesep verbij loopen van dat paert, ende 
in hebbende sadels £0" weder stonden gefrustreert te blijven soo 
hebben t' galjot de Tulp meede na St. Helena gestuijrt om 
d^ goederen daer uijt te halen, ende met eenen te ondernemen 
oft de 6 d 7 paerden uijt de hr. van Teijlinges vloot daer opgeset 
meede te onjgen ende hier te brengen sidlen wesen, beneffeus 
eenige verokens, appel, ende lemoen hoornen tot aentelicge 
alhier. 

Na 't vertreok van voorhaelde schepen sijn hier successive uijt 
't Yaderlant wel aengecomen de scheepen Malacca, Oliphant ende 
't Wapen van HoUant op 19, 21, ende 22 Februarij. wat de Ed. 
Hm. l?*"" ons daer meede schrijven, gelieven UEd. uijt d' orginele 
hier neffens gaende te b'oogen. 

Ende wat wij haer Ed : pr. de vooraff vertrocken retour 
floheepen hebben gesz : ende met de volgende noch sullen 
schrijvep staet UE : na desen d' afifschriften t' uwer Ed ; specu- 
latie van toegesonden te worden des desen tot geen ander eijnde 
dienende cort a£Fbreeckende ende Hiermeede 

Ed : emtfeste, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer discrete Heeren, 
Mijn Heeren, 
UEd : na onse alderoitmoedighste gebiedenisse ende dienstige 
groete den Almogende in genaden bevolen laten met toewenschinge 
van geluck ende zegen onder derselver loffwaerdige regeringh in 
Oomp" saeoken. 

In 't Fort de Goede Hoope den 7" Martio 1655. 

UE. gansoh ojtmoedige ende 
Onderdanigen dienaer, was geteijckent, 
Onderstont. 

Joh AN VAN BiRBBKCK. 

Met deese scheepen hebben 11 personen golargeert ende sijn 
gebleven 4 a 5 impotente. 



Begister van do pampieren pr. de scheepen Malacca, Oliphant, 
ende 't Wapen van HoUandt gedirigeert aen d' Ed : Hm : 
Gouvemeur-Oenerael ende Eaden van India. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen deselve haer Ed : dato 7 Martio 

1655. 
„ 2. Copie do. pr. de Gecroonde Leeuw gesonden. 
„ 3. Originele mibsive vandeHrn. 17*" aen den Commandeur 

ende Opperhooffdon van 't Fort de Goede Hoope, dato 

6 Octob : 16.04. 



48 

1655. 4. Ck)ntin!iation of journal. 

7th itfarfh. ^' Copy of reeolutioii taken by the Oounoil of the Fort of 

Good Hope. 

6. Sealed letter of Hon. Lairesse to India. 

7. Receipt of 4 boxes of money transhipped from the Malacca 

into the Oliphant, 



No. 101. 
Dassen Island. 

To the Assistant Jan Woutersen. 



ijtii March. The Roode Vo^ takes the following for you : — 

^ aum arrack. 

1 anker vinegar. 

1 small oask of bread and 

100 lbs. rice. 

The galiot must take in all the skius on hand. Keep the seal 

fishery going as long as possible, as it has to meet as far as 

possible the heavy ei:])enses incurred by the Company. When 

you send back any men you must inform us of the reasons why. 



Nor are we pleased that you exchanged men with Skipper Samuel 
Volkertffy for if the latter had died on his trip to St. Helena, 
having no bookkeeper, confusion must have been caused, as the 
men are all registered in the Fort ; besides, it would have become 
difficult for the Company to send any news home to the friends of 
those thus exchanged. Henceforth, be prudent and pass no one 
without his accounts. 

In the Fort, l^th March, 1055. 

(Signed) J. van UiRHERrK. 



4\) 



4. Vervolgh van Caeps daghregister. ï^"'»'>- 

5. Copie resolutie genomen bij den Raet van 't Fort de 7^^ ^^^^ 

Goede Hoope. 

6. Qeelooten missive van d' E. Lairesse aen d' E. Urn. 

Generael en Raden van India. 

7. Recepisse van 4 kisten geit overgescheept uijt Malacca 

in 't schip den Oliphant. 



No. 101. 
Dassen Eijlant, 

Aen den Assistent Jan Woutersz : 
Opporhooft aldaer. 

Eersame discrete. 

Wij senden UI : bij desen het gal jot de Roode Vos weder toe !-*<*»» Maart, 
met wat provision als te weten : 

I aem arack, 

1 anoker aaijpy 

1 smal ton broodt endo 

1001b. rijs. 

800 haest dcselve overgenomen hebt suit den schipper laten 
innemen alle do vollen die in voorraet hebt, endo hout het met de 
robbe vanghst soo lange gaonde als emmers mogelijck is, alsoii 
daeruijt voor eerst moeten gevonden worden d' onoosten die d. E. 
Comp' hier jaerlijcx soer swaer sijn dragende, pr. memorie. 

IJl: hebt ons de laeste mael weder toegesonden 'J man, moet 
altijt gedencken daer bij te laten weten de redenen wnerom. 800 
gevalt ons me4le niet wel dat tegen Fohippor Samuel volcq goreuijlt 
hebt alsoo denselvon na St. Helena sijnde voloqs genoegh hadt en 
bij overlijden niet wel comen soude vermits geen bouckhouder 
meede gevaren is, ende bij u sijnde luijder haer reecq : in dese 
fortresse lopen, derhalven alsoo sender reecq: overgaende wel 
erreur ende ingevolge voor d. Ed. Hm Bewinthebberen groote 
moei j ten veroorsaecken soude om de vrunden in 't vaderlaut van 
goede besoheijde te dienen daer deselve haer Ed : hun veele aen 
gelegen laten, derhalven na desen moet voorsightiger gaen ende 
niemant sonder reeoq : laten passeeren. Hiermede. 

Eersame, disciete, den Almogende in gouaden bevolen ende 
hertelijck gegroet van UI. goede vrunden. 

Was geteijckont, 

JOHAN VAN BiBBBRCK, 

Frkdruk Vbrburoh. 
Int Fort de Uoede Hoope den 12 " Af*rtio, A KJüö. 



50 



No. 102. 

InstructionB for the Roode Vos^ ready to proceed to Dassen 
Island. 

1655. Our resolution of to-day states why you are sent again to that 

12th M h ^®^^^*^» where you are to deliver our letter and tlie provisions : — 



\ aum arraok. 

1 anker vineffar. 

1 small oask bread and 

100 lbs. rice. 
You will take in on your return voyage the skins ready for you, 
and lose no time, that you may be here again soon and ready for 
duty. 

In the Fort, 12th March, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Rirbeeck. 



No. 103. 



Instructions and authority for Jan Wintervogel and his men on 
their intended expedition inland for exploring purposes in the 
interests of the Company. 

15th March. As seven volunteers have presented themselves for an inland 
exploring expedition, and a leader should be appointed for the 
same, wo, being oonvinoed of the goo<l qualities of Jan Winter 
vogel, a late Brazilian captain, wlio has on foot walked through 



51 



No. 102. 

Instruotie voor d* opperhooffden van't galjot de Roode Yos 
seijl reet Bijnde te gaen van bier na 't Dassen Eijlant. 

Bij de resolutie heden genomen is UI : genoeohsaem kennelijok ]665. 
de redenen waerom weder na voors : Eijlant wert gesonden, der- t- 

halven den eersten goeden wijnt salt waememen om daer op 't "^^ ^^^ 
spoedighste te oomen : ende over te leveren onse nevensgaende 
missive aen den adsistent Jan Woutersz : opperhooft aldaer met 
de bijgaende provisie bestaende uijt : 

i aem arack. 

1 anoker azijn. 

1 smal ton broodt en : 

100 tb. rijs. 

Na overleverin^h van 't welcke sigh suit b'ijveren om weder in 
te nemen ende hier te brengen soo veele robben yellen als den 
selven Jan Woutersz : sal op voorraet hebben sonder onnodigh 
eenige tijt spillinge te maeoken ten eijnde haeet weder keeren 
mooght omme als dan soodanigen verderen dienst alhier te doen 
als na gelegentheijt van tijt ende saeoken bevonden sal worden 
te behooren : ondertussohen UI : bevoleude een geluokige heen 
ende wederom reijse. 

Int Fort de Goede Hoope, den 12*" Martio 1656. 

Was goteijekent, 

JOHAN VAN RlBBRECK. 



No. 103. 



Memorie ende commissie voor Jan Wintervogel omme sioh met 
sijne bij hebbende soldaten na te reguleren op de te doene tocht 
te landewaert in, tot opsoeokinge van ander natiën ende saeoken 
die d' E : Comp' dienstigh ende vordelijokmochte wesen. 

Alsoo wij om versoheijden redenen ten dienste van d' K : I5en Mairt. 
Comp** hebben ^;oet gevonden te laten doen een tooht te landewaert 
in tot onsoeckm^ als boven ende daertoe haer dienst gepresen- 
teert heboen 7 hefiFhebbers van soldaten over weloke noot* 
saeokelijok een hooft dient geetelt ten eijnde alles met behoor- 
lijoke ordre toe gae ende ^oede dissipline onder deselve 
magh gehouden worden ende wij op versoheijden goede getuij- 
eenisee vernemen verseeokert te sijn van de suffieantie van Jan 
Wintervogel gewesep Capt" van 4® Brasilianen in Brasil daer 

b2 



52 

iöé6. ii^f^ country as far as the South Sea, and helped to disoover the 
I6th Marcb. BÜvor mines of Minas Geraes, and consequently did good service 
to the West India Company — It is therefore likely that he may 
do us some good here also, and should there be anything he will 
be sure to find it. He is therefore appointed head of the 
expedition and to be acknowledged as such. He is to explore 
everything thoroughly and endeavour to bring with him stiunge 
natives, and further, do whatever may be most serviceable to the 
Company. Is diligently to look for minerals, &o., and keep a 
good journal, &e. 

In the Fort, 15th March, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Hibhkeck. 



No. 104. 
Batavia. 

To the India Omncil. 



3ot)i Mttnh. After the departure of the Olijthnnt, Slq,^ on the 11th March 
last, the fFdjteii ran A»}><frrdam and Domhurt/h arrived here on the 
18th. They. had verv few sick or dead on board. The former 
were all restored to health here and again loavo, except two or 
three of the Woften — still too weak to go — but in their stead 14 
left behind by other shijis have been despatched. The yacht 
takes 4 casks oil. Seven or eight are still in the TV////, which we 



58 



deselve dat lont tot aen de Z. Zoe doorwandelt ende oook do 
silTermijnen van Chira helpen opvinden ende dierhalven de West 
In^Bohe Comp ' aldaer goeden dienst eedaen heefiFt, ingevolge to 
Bimtineren sij ons alhier in dese geiegentheijt apparent meede 
goede dienst ounnen doen, endo ijts te vinden wesende oook wel 
opeoeckcn sal soo ist dat wij denselven Jan Wintervogel stellen 
gelijok doen bij desen als hooft van do gemolte partij e 7 soldaten 
waerroor dezelve hem dan sullen hebben te erkennen ende gehoor- 
samen als off wij selffs in persoon present waren blijvende hem 
Wintervogel wijders bevolen na alles wel naeuw onder soeck te 
doen ende te sien off eenige vreemde natie opvindende sal ounnen 
meede brengen ende wijders 't ondernomen wat bij den selven ten 
voordeele van d' E. Comp mochte to verhopen wesen, ende inson- 
derheijdt meedo om naersticheijdt te equiroren na oenige mine- 
ralen &o" over all oft erc^ens int geberghto van allen 't welcko oook 
goede notitie houden sal om op desself s retour ons over te leveren 
ende te beter rapport te mogen doen. 

Actum in 't Fort de Goede Uoope, den 15" Martio, 1655. 

Was goteijckont, 

JdlIAN \AN lllKnKR(K. 



1655. 
15en Maart. 



No. 104. 
Batavia. 

Aen d' Ed : Urn. üouvern'-üonerael ende Kaden van India 
p' de schepen Waix'U van Amsterdam endo Uomburgh gosz : 

Ed: emtfeete, manhaffte, wel wijso, voorsienige, seor discrete 
Hoeren: 

Mijn Uceren : 

Na 't vertreck van de scheepon Olijphant, Malacca, ende :>oeii Maart 
Wapen van Hollant 11 Martio pass' sijn hier op den 18" do. 
daer na weder wel g' arriveert uijt Vaderlant 't schip 
't Wapen van Amsterdam van die Kamer ende Domburgh uijt 
Zeelant met weijnigh dooden oft siecken, welcke oook door hier 
beoomen ververssinge al te malen gereconvaliseert bij desen weder 
meede vertreokendo sijn behalven 2 a 3 persoenen van 't voorsz: 
Wapen van Amsterdam die noch wat te impotent waren edoch 
tegen deselvo weder 14 ooppen uit guamisoen ab gereoonvali- 
seeide van de voorige scheepen gelargeert, p' adviso. 

In gemolte jacht gaen oook 4 vaten robben traen ende sijn noch 
7 a 8 leggers in do Tulp die van St. Helena retoumorende oook 
iullen nasendeu do wij Ie wij dor hier moede overcropt sitten ende 
n» 't Vaderlant te senden niet difustigh sonde wesen als voor 
datoge«r. 



Ö4 

1665. ^11 gend OD, as we have an abundance here and it would not pay 
S'Hh March. *^ ^°^ ^^V ^^^^- We expect lettere from you every hour. 



In the Fort, 30th March, 1655. 



(Signed) J. v. Bieheeck. 
F. Verburoh. 



List of pai>er8 sent to India per JFapen ran Amhteniam and 
Domhurgk, dated 30th March, 1655. 

1. Original letter to the Council, dated 30th March, 165%. 

2. Invoice of the oil in the Damburgh. 

3. ^coouutfl of both ships. 



No. 105. 
Batavia. 

To the India Council, 

sent per Provintie and Phoenur. 



1 4th April. The Dofuhurg and Waj>en will tell you all particulars since our 
last letters — Shortly aftin: their departure, on the last March and 
2nd April, the Pronn/tV, &c., arrived, under command of the Hon. 



56 



l'.')Ö. 



Ende aUoo wij voor doso tijt geen verdoro materien hebben 
als Terwaobtende dagelijox U£d. nader odvijs met de alle uijr :;oeii Miuirt. 
teoomen retour vloote soo sullen oort beslui j ten ende 

Hiermede, 

Ed: eratfeste, manhaffte, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer discrete 
Heeren. Mijn Heeren, 

UEd. na onse oitmoedige gebiedcnisse ende dienstige groete 
Qode in genaden bevolen laten, die Gomp' saeeken onder 
denelver loffwaerdige regeringe langhs soo moor wil zegenen. 
Amen. 

In 't Fort de (ioode Hoopo, den 30' Marlio 1655. 
Was geteijckent, 
UE. gansoh oitmoedige ende onderdanige dienaren, 

JOHAN VAN RiEBEECK, 

Frbdruk Verburgh. 



Begister van do par..piercn gedirigeert aen d' Ed. Hm. Gou- 
vorneur-Qonerael ende Kaden van India tot Batavia pr. 't schip 
't Wapen van Amsterdam ende Domburgh dato ^0" Martio 1655. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen haer opgemelto Ed. dato voorsz. 
„ 2. Cognossement van den traen in 't jacht Domburgh 

gescheept. 
,1 3. Bcheeps reecq: van bei j do voornoemde schepen. 



No. 105. 
Batavia. 

Aen d. Ed. Urn. Gouvernour-Ücnerael 

ende Raden van India, pr. *t schip do 
Provintie ende Phenix gesz : 

Ed : emtfeste, manhafte, wel wij se, voorsienige, seer discrete 
Hm: 

Mijn Heeren, 

Hoe sigh de saeeken hier tot op onse laeste aen UEd. gesondeu ueu April. 
advijten nebben toegedragen ende wat scheepen uijt 't Patria 
hier doen waren aengeweest sullen UEd. bij behouden varen 
Tan de jonghst vertrooken scheepen Domburgh ende 't Wapen 
Tan Amsterdam op uit*". Maert ende 2"" April van hier verseijlt 
hebben ounnen vernemen, sedert sijn hier cort daerop uijt ons 
Vaderlant weder wel g*arriveert de scheepen, jaelituu ondc iluijten 



56 

1655. p Sterthcmius, Councillor of India, whom wo informed of our 
14th Apri^ affairs and who will be able to give you all particulars, besides 
what is contained in our journals ; we annex our letter also to the 
Directors sent per Hon. ijairesse. You also receive the journal of 
the 7 men sent out to explore the interior, it will appear that we 
require about 10 or 12 mules which could easily be obtained from 
the coast (? of Coromandel), and sent per return fleet for use inland, 
to carry provisions and goods. Cattle will no doubt be found in 
abundance as the more distant Natives are afraid of coming nearer, 
in consequence of Kerry's allies from whom we can obtain nothing, 
whilst all the rest are very manageable. Mules are therefore very 
necessary, and Kerry's allies should be got into the power of the 
Company, with their cattle ; which could be easily effected without 
ehcdding a drop of blood, or the necessity of fearing that the 
other Natives would mind it. They may at first be somewhat 
timid, but their confidence would return and the captured cattle of 
the watermen would be a sufficient stock to provide the vessels 
from, besides the vegetables, which are abundant, and if fresh meat 
were obtafnable it would bo so much better as cattle is cheaply 
bought ; we stated this to Hon. Sterthemius who will give you 
more particulars. 



57 

FroTintic, Phenizy Koukeroken, M&eoht van Enckhuijsen, Blom- ^^^ 
■cndaêl ende Goningh Davidt op 2'*' en 3" deses lopende maents ^enlvpril. 
Apiil onder de vlagge ende 't oommando van d' E. Ut. Pieter 
fltottemiuB, Baad van India overcomende pr. 't voorbaelde schip 
do FtoTentie in Zeelant ende naderhant op den 9" oock de 
OaMjau van Batavia, mitsgpaders IT" ende 12" d . volgende uijt 
Zeeluit der Goes ende P. Willem weloke voorsz : sijn E. wij 
oneen om med agh &o'\ in alles hebben gecommuniceert, die 
derfaalTen TTEd : in 't largo mondelijok rapport sal ounnen doen 
deer een one ten principalen refereren alsmede tot ons dagh- 
Kgiiten vervolgh, neffens desen in handen van voorgemelte 
■jn B. gaende daer t' Uwer £d : speculatie oock bijgevought 
bebben de copie onser jonghst ufiF^esondene missive aen d' E. 
Urn. Mts. pr. d' E. Lairesse na *t Vaderlant omme oock uijt te 
uogen eien wat wij aen haer wel gedachte Ed : sijn adviseerende. 

Bi] deeen gaot oock in oopie seeckcr dagelij ckse aenteijcko- 
ninge geboamn bij 7 peraooneo door ons in 't lant gesonden 
reweeüt tot opBoeokin^e van ander natie &o". uijt 't weloke 
UBd. euUen ounnen oegrijpen dat ons wel bijsonder nodigh 
were 10 a 12 esels van de kust redelijck wel te becomen ende 
eifer te eenden in toeeomende pr. de retour vlote omme hier meden 
te lendewaert in te reijsen ende victualie te dragen mitsgaders 
oooper, tebocq ende ander coopmansz : tot verhandelinge van vee 
apperent aldaer op soodanige manier abondant te crijgon sullende 
weeën termiU de in V land gevonden intcoonders niet teel derven hier 
comun omdat Herry*8 geallieerden hier altijt om ende bij met haer 
rte blyten leggen daer wy gansch niet affhandelen cunnen^ ende 
ffamdere tot 't selve bijzonder teel genegen ende vrij civil bevinden, 
eolcz dat partije esels ten eijnde voors : hier op 't hooghste nodigh 
■jn ende voorbaelde Herrj's g'allieerde nootsaeckelijck eens 
Bollen dienen met al baer vee in Uomp"* macht genomen daer alle 
dagen cans genoegb toe is sender datter soude behoeven een 
dnmpel bloets j^tort ofiHe te vreesen wescn d'andere inwoonders 
te ludewaert m haer snlox eens souden aen treckcn mochten 
niaKbien 't selve versteende wel wat beschroomt sijn voor eerst 
auer dat soudt metter tijt wel te helpen wesen ende ondertusschon 
d. E. Comp** uijt d' aenteelinge van voorn : Ilerrij'sg'allieerden 
vee genoegbaaem ounnen bestaen de schepen beneffens de aert 
ende tbnijn vruobten treffelijck te ververschen hoewel sulcx met 
de gemelte * vruchten jegenwoordigh oock genoechsaem ende heel 
vri geiohiet, meer alhier 't versse vlees van koebeesten offte 
eduqpen bij was, soude het noch soo veel te beter wesen, vermits 
dito vee doob goet coop genoegh te handelen sij hcedanigh wij 
mijn Heer Stmrtenius voormclt mot goede redenen hebbun acngc- 
weien ende ineevolge op dcsselffs behouden ovcrcompsto (dat 
6odt geve) 0£d. largo sal cunnen bedeelen, dair toe ons als 
voren dan blijven gedragen. 



58 

1666. yfQ therefore ask for assos which would be very serviceable and 

nth April, some horses. Oue may be placed in each return ship, and this it 
would not be necessary to repeat. Much work could then be done 
as oxen are not to be had. 



What we have written to the Masters regarding the trade in 
Madagascar, you will gather from our copy. 

What we intend to say further will be in accordance with your 
statements received per Kaheljouic on the 9th instant. Copy to 
follow. 

The Tulp returned from St. Helena on the 10th with two horses 
and saddles carried past in the Wecsp, as we stated before. We 
intend to send her back to Madagascar for another trial, if found 
fit for the purpose. The Boode Vos will take in a cargo of skins 
for the fatherland as no room will be found in the return ships for 
such a quantity, so that no vessel is left at our disposal for com- 
munication with Tayouan (Tai way-Formosa). 



The Hof rati ZedamI having complained of the drinkwater, as 
becoming impure because of its being led around the gardens, and 
consequently causing sickness among the crews between this and 
Batavia, we beg to state that you are wrongly informed by 
those who have not taken the trouble to make a personal inspec- 
tion of the course of the water. Be assured that we take care to 
have always pure water as one of the great requirements of the 
Company. Some seem bent upon making wron^statements in order 
to find an excuse for passing the Cape for St. Helena. We hare 
observed and said so that such people have themselves to blame 
for the impurity of the water as they allow their men to wash their 
dirty linen above the spot whence drinkwater is drawn, and if 
they are addressed on the subject they become angry and talk all 
sorts of bad things behind our backs. But in order henceforth to 
prevent all such complaints wo have forbidden by plaocaat all 
practice of this nature and ordered for washing purposes another 



59 

VerBoecken dierhalven seer dienstelijok op 't senden van eenige i^''^- 
esels herwaerts doch mooht gedaoht worden d. E. Comp'' sal der i4eii"][prii 
bier ter plaetse bij sonderen schoenen dienst van ounnen treoken 
▼oomamentlijok ten eijnde voorsz. Item oook noch eenige 
paerden die emmers de retour scheepen elok maer een wel coste 
overlnrengen, 't welck oook maer voor eens sonde te doen wesen 
ende ved wercx mede gedaen worden, want ossen sijn van d' 
inwoonders niet te handelen derhalven ons oitmoedigh versoeck 
aen UEd: nochal blijft om paerden beneffens voorsz: esels. 

Wat wij d. E. Hm Majores cortelijok hebben geschreven wegen 
den handel op Madagascar &c'' sullen UEd. uijt de voorgemelte 
oome oonnen b' oogen daer toe ons refereren. 

En^e wat wij noch over dat poinot vorder menen 't adviseren 
sullende apparent meest accordeeren met UEd. ad vijs pr. de 
Oabeljauw op 9^" deser beoomen, staen UEd : de copie hier na van 
te beoomen. 

Aengaande de 2 galjots daervan is 't eene namentlijckden Tulp 
op den 10*° deser van Öt. Helena getourneert met 2 paerden ende 
de Badels met Wesep verbij geloopen geweest als voor dato 
g'adviseert 't welck voornemens sijn na Madagascar tot nader 
preuve ende onderhoudingh van dien handel te senden, verstaende 
Boo 't daertoe weder bequaem g'oordeelt wert ende de Boode Vos 
wert met vellen geladen om die thuijs te brengen vermits wij in 
de retour scheepen geen plaets sullen crijgen cunnen altoos voor 
Boodanige groote quantiteijt niet, soodat ons geen van bei j de 
bij blijft om tot het Tajouans vaerwater derwaerts te senden. 

Aengaende 't drinck water daer insonderheijt die van 't Hoff 
van Z^lant over hebben ^eclaeght dat vermits om de thuijnen 
geleijt wort, eenighe vuijhgheijt soude aen sigh trecken endo 
dierhalve oorsaecke sijn geweest van sieckte onder 't volcq tussohen 
hier ende Batavia sijn voorseker, mijn heeren, niet dan absive endo 
frivole rapporten apparent van sulcke die noch niet eens ter de^en 
weten offte te pijne waert hebb en geacht te speculeren hoedanigh 
het water sijn loop heeft, UEd. gelieven wel verseeokert te sijn 
dat wij alsoo goede sorge dragen om suijver water te houden als 
eenige andere nodighe saeoken voor d' E. Comp*" uijt te rechten : 
maer 't is apparent sommige maer te doen sulcken rapporteren van 
't water te geven om daerop oorsaeck te nemen de Gaep 
verbij ende maer ten eersten na St. Helena te loopen, soo 
hebben wij oock gemerckt ende wel geseijt meede dat sij selffs 
oorsaeck sijn van dat het water wat truobel wort, mits dien 
sij haer voloq boven strooms laten haer vuijl linnen wassen 
ende plassen waerover dan sommige goede halsen door haer al te 
naeu aentreckelijok humeur van ons aengesproocken sijnde quaet 
worden ende achter rugge niet dan alle vuijl snap voeren maer 
wij hebben om al sulcke clachten meer voor te comen 't wassen in 
de drinckwater spruijt bij plaooaet nu verboden ende ander plaetse 



60 

IG5.). gpot in tho canal running bosido tho Fort. We are lully convinced 
1 »th ApiiL "*^^ ^^ Hulst has given other evidenco on the subject, and Mr. 
Storthemius whom we told and showed everytliing will give you 
other information than some young skippers (possessed of more 
audacity than discretion) have done in our absence, from personal 
spite. We therefore leuve the matter in the hands of Mr. 
Sterthemius. 



Most of tho sick left here are well again and have been sent to 
Batavia, except a few who are to be sent to Holland, }jy your 
orders, and diseliarged. Tho same will be done in the case of the 
widow and children of the late Surgeon Jan Pendre deceased 
between this and Batavia. 



We hope that the Prins fr Paard has arrived safely— it did not 
touch here. The return fleet will not be in want of refreshments. 
Those that were here could not complain, as Mr. Sterthemius will 
tell you. We only want beasts and sheep for reasons which 
Sterthemius will communicate. We did not land any of the 
Mauritius supplies as 3'ou requested — Tliat island and this place 
might be provided from the Madagascar trade as we shall state 
more fully to the Masters. 



The copies we shall send you hereafter. 

This goes open with Mr. Sterthemius besides the annexures 
mentioned according to adjoined list per the Procvntie — also a 
duplicate per the P ha nix of the same contents. 

Not wishing to bother you further in your serious business, &c. 

In the Fort, 14th April, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Rieheeck. 
F. Vkrkurgh. 



61 

aengeweten in de spruijt die beneffens 't fort loopt, wij houden **^^- 
OU oock yereeeckert dat Mijn lieer Hulst ander getuijgenisse van ^4^^ ^p^^i 
oub doen overgebracht heeft ende sal Mijn Heer Starthenius die 
wij, gelijck voorseijt oock alles geoommuniceert ende laten besion 
hebben, U. Ed : raeede wel ander rapport daervan overbrengen als 
sommige jonge schippers (van meerder moedicheijt als staticheijt 
beseten) uijt particiiliere passie daer men selffs niet bij is verkeer- 
deiijck wel doen waeromme ons aen 't rapport van gemelte sijn 
Ed : in allee oock sijn gedragende, ende omme UEd. met geen 
onnodige erhalen meer t' import uneren desen oock derhalven oort 
afiRnreeckende. 

De siecken daer wij meede beladen waren sijn nu al meest 
ipereconvaliseert met de voorige scheepen voorts na Batavia golar- 
geert behalven eenige weijnigen die na UEd. ordre op de retour 
vloote verdeelt na 't {>atria siülen laten varen ende d. Ed. Coni]V 
ontlasten. Hoedanich oock UEd : ordre sal worden achtervoloht 
met de ^rouw ende kinderen van de Ghinu*gijn Jan Pendro 
tussohen Batavia en : hier overleden. 

De Prins te Paert is hier niet aengeweest willen hopen oostij 
echter wel sal g'arri veert sijn omme over dese plaetso de retour 
vloote te mogen navolgen, t sal voor hem alleen hier aen ververs- 
singe niet manqueren gelijck de voor desen menighte aeneewesene 
aohepen desen jaro oock met ontbroocken is soo door mijn hoere 
Sterthenius meede wel sal gerapporteert worden eenlij ck blijft hot 
maer haperen aen boesten ende schapen om redenen voorsz : owh* 
door gedaclite sijn E. UEd. onistandigh te bedoelen. 

Mauritius provisien sijn na UE. bevel van ons t' oeaomaele met 
vreden gelaten ende on vermindert gebleven, d eijlaiit soudo mis- 
schien uijt den Madagascarsen handel nevens oock dese plaetso 
wel cunnen beaorght worden daer in ons schrijven aen d' Urn. 
Mrs. largo sullen over adviseren endeUKd: d' affschrifften als 
geseijt na desen toesenden. 

Desen gaet in handen van Mijnheer ï^terthenius voorsz : o])on 
beneffens de voorhaelde annexe papieren aehtervol«;renJe 't bijge- 
vo4*ghdo regibter p' 't schip do Preventie ende norh een dubbeld 
p' 't schip den Phenix van desen selven inhoudo. 

Dit dan tot geen ander eijnde dienende ende onimo IFEd. oock 
niet al te veele in ders^^lver wightiger besoignes 't importuneeren 
sullen voorts affbreecken ende hiermtMnie Ed : emtfesto. niannaffte, 
welwijse, voorsienige 8 er bescheijdene Ueeron, 

V Mijn Heeren, 

l^El : na onse aMeroitinoedighsto gebiedenisse emle «lienttighe 
groete Uo«le in geimd»»n bevolen laten. 

In't Fort de Ooed»* IIoope,den 14" April D>55. Onderstont 

UEd. oitnioedige ende gansoh onderdanige dienaren, was ge- 
teijokont, 

Ja> van UiKitKK(K en: Fkkdkkk VKKiirRcui. 



Ü2 



^^*- List of the papers in hands of the Hon. Sterthemius^ Councillor 

i4thA|)rtl. o' India, and directed to tho India Council. Hent per 
Prort*pttif: — 



No. 1. Original letter to the Council, besides a duplicate })6r the 
PhtenU, dated 1 4th April, lti55. 

„ 2. Copy of letter written from the Cape to the Seventeen, 

dated 27th January^ 1655. 
,, «^ Continuation of (Jape Journal after departure of the 

Ollphmt, &e. 

„ 4. Notes kept by tlu» wven Explorers. 



„ 5. Ploccaat for removing tlie nuisance of defiling the 

dnnkwater. 
„ t». »ShipH' Accounts. 



No. \m. 
Batavia. 

To the India Council. 



imh April. The Ooen takes this and «Iso 8 leaguers oil transhipped from the 
Tulp^ and the last in stock. No more will be sent unless the 
Masters insixt that the whale fishery shall be carried on for 
providing India with oil. Having wntten per the Proventie^ &o , 
under the lion. Hterthemius not long ago, i>.,on the ISth instanty 



63 

Regeer van de pampieren in handen van d' E. Hr. Sterthenius, ^öö5. 
Baet van India, ongesloten gedirigeert aen £d : Hm. Gouverneur- 14^ ^p^j^^ 
Generael ende Baden van India tot Batavia p' 't schip de 
Provintie. 

No. 1. Originele miseive aen opgemelten haer Ed. neffens 
een dubbelde p' de Phenix geslooten gaende ende ge- 
dateert 14 Apiil 1655. 

„ 2. Gopie d" van de Caep gesz : aen d' Ed : Hm. l?*"" dato 
27 Januarij 1655. 

„ 3. Vervolgh van 't Caeps daghregister gehouden na 't ver- 
treok van de scheepen Oliphant, Malacca ende Wapen 
van HoUant. 

„ 4. Dagelijokse aenteijckeninge gehouden bij de 7 persoenen 
die 't lant ingesonden sijn geweest tot opsoeckinge van 
andere natiën &c*. 

„ 5. Placoaet g'emaneert tot redres van 't bederven des 
drinckwaters. 

„ 6. Scheeps reecq : van oncosten. 



No. 106. 



Batavia. 

Aen d' Ed : Hm : Gouvemeur-G^nerael ende Raden van India 
pr. 't jacht der Goes gesz : 

Ed : emtfeste, manbaffte, wel wijse, voorsienige, 
seer besoheijdene Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

Desen gaet gr. 't jacht der Goes tot gelei jde van 8 leggers traen locn April. 
bil ons noch sijnde ende laten oversohepen uijt 't galjot de Tiüp 
achtervolgende 't cognossement hier bij gaende sijnde 't laetste 
daer wij noch meede beladen waren sulcx dat na desen geen meer 
sal gesonden worden ten ware d' Ed : Hm. Mrs. bleven persis- 
teren bij derselver ordre tot de walvis vanghst welcken traen 
apparent dan voor India souden moeten gesonden worden edoch 
sal ons daer van den tijt hier na wijser maecken, ende alsoo wij 
oort voor desen hebben gesz : met d' Hr. Sterthenius pr. de Pre- 
ventie, Phenix, Maeght van Enckhuijsen, Goningh Davidt, Blom- 
mendael, en : Koukercken op den 15'" courant van hier vertrocken 
sulcx ons voor jegenwoordigh geen stoffe meer overigh sij anders 
als dat de Cabeijauw op dato nieede sijn afibcheijt hebben gegeven 



64 

i(U5. we eau only add that to-day wo have also despatched ihe Knhrljifun 
loth April. ^'^* Mauritius to Ceylon, &c. 

In tlie Fort, lOth April, ir,5r>. 

(Signed) J. van Riebkeck. 
F. Vkkiurg. 



List of documents despatched to India per Oovh : — 



No. I. Original letter to the üouucil, dated iHth April, 1655. 

„ 2. Invoice of goods shipp<"i in the Ooes. 

„ »*i. Ships' accounts of the Onm and Kaheljainc^ 



No. 107. 
Batavia. 

The India Council. 



27th April. After departure of Goea and KaMjouw the Parel^ &e., arrived 
on 21st April from India, under command of Hon. Van Goens 
who will give you all partioiilars. 

In the Fort, 27th April, 1G55. 

(Signed) J. v. Uiemeeck. 
F. Verbi RrJH. 



om na XJEd: ordre sijn vorder te doone reijso over Mauritius na ^^^• 
Coijlon &c* te vervolgen soo sullen tot beslui jt lo^n April. 

Uiormeede 
Ed: emtfeste, manhaffte, wel wijse, voorsienige, seor bescheij- 
dene Ueeren. 

Mijn Heeren 

UEd : na onse alderoitmoedighste gebiedenisse onde dienstige 
groete G-ode in genaden bevolen laten. 

In 't Fort de Goede Hoope, den 10 April 1655. 

Onderstont 

UEd: oitmoedi^e ende gansoh onderdanige 
Dionaoren was geteijokent, 

johan van blehbbck ou : 
Fredrick Verhuroh. 



Register van de panipieron pr. 't jacht der Goes gcdirigoert aen 
d' Ed : Hm. Gouverueur-Gonerael ende Uaden van India tot 
Batavia. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen opgoni*' haor Ed : godatteert 
18" April 16 "iö 
„ 2. Cognossement van 't gescheepte in de jacht der Goes. 
„ 3. Oncost reecq : van de scheepen der Goes ende üabeljauw. 



No. 107. 
Batavia. 

Aend'Ed: Hm. Gou vorn'-Generael ende Uaden van India p' 't 
schip Prins Willem gesz : 

Ed : emtfeste, manhafte, wel wijse, voorsienige, seor disoreete 
Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

Na 't vertreok van 't jaoht der Goes na Batavia ende Gabel j au -iTen April, 
na Mauritius ende Oeylon respective uijt deso baij op den 21sten 
desee loopende maents April sijn hier ten selven dage, Gode loif, 
in goede ordre uijt India weder wel g'arriveert de scheepen Pari, 
Princee Royael, Dolphijn, Gidion, Henriette Louijse, Ter Tooien 
endo Dordrecht onder 't commando van d' E. Hr. Van Goens, die 
UEd. 't voorgevallene sijner E : voijagie ende dat Breda ende 



66 



List of papers sent to Indisi, dated 27th April, 1655, per Prina 
Willem :— 

1665. jJq I Original letter dated as above. 

27th April. » '^' Original letter sent per Goes to the same, dated I8th 
April, 1655. 
„ 'i. Invoice of the oil in the Goes. 
„ 4. Ships' aooounts of the Prins Willem, 



No. 108. 
Patria. 

To the Chamber of Seventeen. 



28th April. A sevenfold copy sent per Parel, &c. 

Per the return ships Draaky &o, which left on 28tb January and 
Pth February for St. Helena to meet the Weenp, we sent a seven- 
fold copy of our letters — two for Amsterdam and one for each of 
the other Chambers, dated 27th January. We gave a brief and 



er 

Goningh van Polen nooh achter sijn wel apparent largo sal bedeelen ^^^- 
waeromme wij desen oock dus oort affbreeoken. Uiermede, 27eQ April. 

Ed: emtfeete, manhafte, wol wijse, yoorsienige, seer discrete 
Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

UEd : na onse aider oitmoedighste gebiedenisse ende dienstige 
groete Gode in genaden bevolen laten. 

In't fort de Goede Hoope, den 27*'" April 1655. 

UEd : gansch oitmoedige ende onderdanige dienaren, 

Was geteijckent, 

Jan van Bibbbbck ende Frbdrick Ybrburoh. 



Register van de pampieren gedirigeert aen d' Ed. Hm. Gouver- 
neur-Generael ende Baden van India tot Batavia, dato 27 
April 1655, pr. *t schip Prins Willem. 

No. 1. Origineel brief ken aen haer gedachte Ed. dato voorsz. 
„ 2. Do. pr. 't jacht der Goes aen deselve haer Ed. dato 

18 AprU 1655. 
„ 3. Cognossement van don traen in der Goes. 
„ 4. Beecq. van onoosten van Prins Willem. 



No. 108. 
Patria. 

Aen d' Ed. Heeren MijnHeeren do bewinthebberen van de 
Generale Nederlantse g'octroijeerde Oost Indische Gomp** ter 
Vergaderingh van de 17*" pr. de schepen Pari, Princes Boyael, 
Gideon, DoTphijn, Tertolen ende Dordrecht, seven dubbeld 



Ed: emtfeste, groot achtbare, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer discrete 
Heeren: 

Mijn Heeren. 

P' de retour jachten, Draeck, Der Schellingh ende Muijden op 28en April. 
19, 24, ende 29 Januarij uijt India successive hier aengeweest 
mitsgaders 28 do. ende 9 Februarij wederom vertlrócken na St. 
Helena om aldaer Weesp (dese rheede niet hebbende cunnen offte 
willen aendoen) in te wachten ende dan voorts gecombineert na 
de havenen onses vaderlants te seijlen hebben wij (JEd. p^ onse 
daer ,met gesonden 7 dubbelde missiven namentlijck 2 voor 
Amsterdam ende d* andere Camén elck een gedateert 27 Januarij 
pass"" bijna van allee (edoch oort) advijs gegeven ende beneffens 

f2 



68 

l«w. f^u account of everything and sent a copy of our journal, 
28thXpril. resolutions and letters despatched. ïlio pajiers which we could 
not tlien gi4 ready we send now. 



Tht' order from India to reduce our garrison to 50 men and our 
rej>ly you will gather from the copies sent. Wo declare that with 
such Ji small number the place cannot be protected against the 
natives who are little to be depended upon, and that it will be 
impossible at the same time carry on agricultural pursuits, and do 
the necessary repairs. Not less tlian 100 men are required eren 
if tlie seal fishery bi^ also stopped ; as will appear from below. 



1 <»oniniaii<ler antl '2 boys , . . . . . 3 

1 junior merchant and 1 boy . . . . . . 2 

1 sick comforter and 1 boy assistant . . . . . . 2 

1 master-at-arms and 2 corporals who are at the same time 

masters, workmen and superintendents . . . . 3 

Smith and assistants . . . . . . . . 8 

Drummer . . . . . . . . . 1 

Huntsman and boy . . . • 2 

Cook and boy for the table, which is large, because of the 

jïresence of the <»fficer8 of the ships • • . . 2 

The same for the men . . . . . . . . 2 

Chief and junior surg«M>ns and assistants, f«»r the many sick 

generally landnl from the ships . . . . . . 3 

1 gimner, who is also quartermaster of the vcfcN'l . . 1 



Butler and boy . . 2 

Cooper . . . . . . . . . . 1 

For agriculture and maintenani^» of the gardens, coviring 
fully 12 morgen — 2 men for each morgen; little 
en(»ugh. as no smaller area should be cultivated if the 
ships are to have enough. The workmen also are to 
be looked after • • . • • . • • 24 



C9 

diea (tot nader speculatief bij geTOuelit ons gehouden da^h ' '^* 

ragiater, resolutien en afgesondene missiven A.^ sijule al* bi; ^sj^ ^ ;^^ 
Toorgemelte missiTen geroert) de vordere pampieren te weten 
negotie ende logie bouekjens, senteutien & dc>en ter rijt niet 
eonnen vaerdigh worden vermits deselve jachten onverwacht en* 
100 TFoegh op den hals quamen ende oook seer haestigh ::: h*.;:: 
Tartieck na 8t. Helena waren, sulox dat de gemelte pampiervn 
ende dependentien Lij desen gaon als p' register hier bij gevoeght. 
Hoedanigh d* £d : Hrn : Gouverneur-Generael ende Ka*len 
van India van gevoelen sijn ende ons oook g'ordonneert hebben 
't guamisoen alhier tot op ÖO cojs^n te besnijden, mitsgaders 
wat wij daerop hebben g'antwt>?rt, A: *, sullen UÈd : uijt de oopie 
van over ende weer met de v.X/rgemelte jachten gesonden cunnen 
b'oogen ende verclaren wij dat niet mogelijck sij dese plaetse selffs 
roor dese brutale mensohen seer weijnigh te betrouwen wesen can 
faewaert ende met eenen oook de lantb^uw ende n.»dige re[»aratie 
Ac* onderhouden wonL-'U bene«ien de hondert eoppen als de gansche 
robbenvanghst i&c n'-»th ox^k al gestaeckt wonit s«x) CEd: uijt 
d* onderstaendt' i-alculativn claor cunnen l>MV->gMn als iiaraentlij -k : 

1 Opperhooft ende 2 ji-^ng^^ns . . . . . . ^ 

l Onder Coopman ende 1 j«nigen . . . . *J 

1 Sieeken trooster ende 1 jongen . . . . 2 

Adsistenten . . . . . . . • '2 

1 Capt' des armes ende | dat oook weickbasen ende 

2 Corporaels van de soldaten) oppassers met een sij n 

Smith ende knechts . . . . • • '^ 

Tunboer . . 1 

Wiltschut ende jongen . . . . . . - 

Koek ende jongen voor de taeffel die v«-rmits <!' aenci>- 

mende scheeps fifficiantf.-n 't ha^*rd#-r vervHrssiu^rf 

daer aoc^s aen hebben al re«lelijek groot valt . . 2 

D . v.vir 't g^me*»nf» voj.-q . . . . . . 2 

Opjier eniln ond^-rburbier» i-jA** jon;^eu op 't minste t»'n 

aensien van «!<• vi-oU* sir-ckr'u hi*-r doorgaan *« vfin d*» 

scheepen vi-rbli j vt-iAt* . . . . . . 3 

1 oonstabel wel- k*? nu't eenen quarti^-nn' van 't va*T- 

tuijgh i« . . . . . . . . l 

Melcker ende wasser, &c\ . . 1 

Bottelier ende jongen . . . . . . 2 

Cuijper '. . . . . . . . 1 

Tot den lantly^u <-nd«* f-nd'Tli-'udin;:'* van de thuijnen 

fitijtï ]:.' ni'-r;:*'!! l>*-;:r'-jH n vf^r ij«l*r mf*rgf*n fants 

2 man h-.'^u-h* &i\>*iT ;r*'n«'^*';:h '-iide di^-iil oo'.k mind«T 

laii? lii*-! \ n:\if mi Hill'rnde d* ;u*iiO'>raende s< •he»j»<*n 

(vt«-l \'trr^ViU'h'WÏi*) h'U'i '^*'iv»"g]v'n <Tij;r«-ii als 

wann'.**r *^*'k al na^-uw oj» il*» wi-n*kliM*-ii rae«lo 

dient ;^ei-t of 't wort t'«iitfr :il v«-«-l Vf-rsuijmpt . . 24 



70 
IÖ65. For protecting the eheep on Bobben Island . . . . 5 

OSth April. 

Sawyers and watchmen in the forest, 3 miles (Dutch) away ; 
this will have to be continued for some time still, as all 
the wooden houses are beginning to decay, having been 
built of damaged material. Consequently everything 
has bc^en renewed with lime and brick. Serviceable 
beams are to be had from the forest but the labour of 
getting them is heavy . . . . . . 12 



With 2 wagons for fetohing the wood from the forest 

Carjionters and boys at the fort 

Masons and headmen at present 

For defence of the redoubt Duinhoop . . 

Armed herds for the cattle — at least . . 

For sentries at the gate 



G 
6 

18 
2 

12 



Total soldiers and sailors . . . . 120 

All those have to do the work required daily, and besides have 
to stand on guard every night — neither soldier nor sailor being 
exeusod. It is therefore evident that no smaller number of men 
will sufRoe. And if it is to remain so that the men are to work 
by day and stand guard at night they will find it a very miserable 
arrangement, and the Cape will become an object of terror to 
them. A good number of slaves from Madagascar would therefore 
be very opportune and might be fed on the poor food obtainable 
here. This would be of great service to agriculture and not a 
little relief to the Netherlanders ceaselessly in harness. Nor does 
it please us every day to hear of the complaints of the men, and 
though at present food is plentiful, the men do what they can to 
get away to Batavia, to be delivered from the hard work and get 
to a place where money is current and they may enjoy themselves 
at an inn, like common people are inclined to do at all times. 



When the Hottentoos do not feel inclined to fetch wood our 

tired men are obliged at night when their work is done for the 

y to go for it themselves, fully a league from the fort. This is 



Tl 



(f 

IS 

IJ 



Op 't Bobben EijUnt tot bewaringe tu de Mhiipen 
ftkUar frmij ende beter als hier aentelende endo 
groeijende 

Uoutngen als waehthonderB in *t bo6. 3 mijlen ran liier 
noch al een wijl suilende moeten geoontinueert 
worden vermits al de houten huijsen seer berrinnen 
te Terrallen om dat 't Yaderlantse hout daer se 
affgemaeckt sijn eer *t hier quam al meest Terbroeijt 
wasy waeromme oock nu alles met hier gebaoken 
■teen ende gebrande calck yemieut ende de b&Ioken 
dner toe heel bequaem ende sterck uijt gemel'e b.^s 
edoch met sn-aren arbeijt gehaelt woiden 

Met 2 wagens na 't gemelte bos om *t hout te halen 

Timmerlieden f*nde knechts aen 't fort .'. 

ICetseloers ende 0[)perluijden noch voor eerst 

Bij daegh tot bewaringe van de redout Duijuhoop 

Met roers in 't velt alle dagen om de beesten te l>e- 
bewaren seer nootsaeckelijck ende ten minsten 

Oeduijrigh bij daegh op schilt wacht ende in de 
poort heel noodigh 

Somma soldaten en matroosen 

die alle dagen van d<'n morgen tot den avont haer nodigh werok 
al hebben ende oock bij nacbte de wacht moeten waememen souder 
datter ijmant matron »s nr»oh soldaet g*excuseert wordt van wacht 
ofte wereken ende dierhalveu bij dosen wel te 
hier met mind<*r coppen niet wel can gaende 
ende soo dat altijt sal duijren dat de luijden 
■oodanigh moeten arbeijden ende des nachts 
waememon sal 't NOor deselve te verdrietigh vallen ende de Gaep 
haer geduijrigh als een schrick in 't hooft leggen daerommo goede 
partije slaven van Madagascar (wel te beoomen) hier treifelijok 
loude wesen ende voor de slechte cost maer to houden sijn, tot 
grooter dienst aen den lantbou ende andersints mitsgaders ^een 
deijne ontlastinge van de Ne<l(;rlanders die een geduijrigen arbeijt 
vrij moeijelijok valt ende voor ons oock niet min becommerlijck 
alle dagen te horen het clagen ende kermen van deselve daer over, 
ende ^hoewel sij hier d' onbesorghde oost jegonwoordigh 
genoeohsaem tot nootdruft hebbon soo wort het bij de gemeene 
luijden soo niet verstaen ende soeokt ij dor maer voort na Batavia te 
sijn soo om van den arbeijt verlost als om te wosen daer geit 
omgaet daer sij 't hert somtij ts in de herbergoeens mogt»n ophalen 
hoedanigh den gemeenen man doch alte malen genatureert sijn. 

Ende als de Hotten toos de bolworm veeltij ts rijden dat se voor 
de cocx geen branthout halen willen, moeten ons volcq na haer 
gedoen werck des avondts oock met alle man 't selits halen wel 1 
mijl van 't fort heel van 't geberghte 't weloke bijsonder moeije- 






\20 



speculeren dat er 
gehouden worden 
als tot noch toe 
oock de wachten 



72 

16;*5. Ygj.y hard, and therefore we strive to keep on the friendliest terms 
28th April. ^^^^^ these rascals, though we have no end of trouble and abuse 
from them as may, cf/., be seen from our notes of 10th Feb. The 
number of men niontionod is therefore nec^essary to defend 
the Company's property, besides doing the work urgently 
no(5led, and if this nation were more cunning they might destroy 
all our gard<?ns and prevent the progress of our work. May God 
not give them so much intelligence. It is, however, necessary to 
prevent the collapse of the works here by not reducing the numl>er 
of the garrison, as the natives are already mentioning it that some 
of the earlier arrivals have bec^n despat<*he<l to Batavia, and we are 
not 80 strong as we were, also that when no ships are in the Bay 
they could overpower us as the men are all scattered and unarmed. 



Though this may Ix) all talk, it is as likely to happen as the theft 
of our cattle. Daily they affront us when wo meet them and we 
are lew in number — with loss than 40 or />0 men we dare not go 
out with safety — so tliat none would W left to guard the fort if the 
duties ai-e to be carried on. We therefore hope that the India 
Council will se<» the forc*^ of our plea and that you will understand 
that we are striving for th<» Im st interests of the Company, and 
send us the neo^ssary orders act-ordingly. In the meanwhile wo 
will do our lïost. 



With 30 men 3(),00(> seals may annually be omght, and if the 
skins bring in as much as hitherto, the costs here would be easily 
met and the Company have its garlen pn>duce, &c., hero for 
nothing. .*iO,0(H» skins would fetch 40.0o() guldens, and taking the 
garrison at 100 or 1 In men — a num1»er «piito Autfici(*nt if the mason 
and carpenter work is on<e finishe<l — th«* (.ompany would only 
have to pay annually for eut-h man i^^ or JO guldens; but should 



73 

lijck valt ende daeromme deese schelmen al te meer te vnindt ^^''• 
moeten Iiouden niet jegenstacnde ons allo dagen van deselve veele ostn Ai»ril. 
hoon smaedt ende overlast geschiet, 800 in onse dagelij ckse aontcijc- 
keninge doorgaens wel te sien is, ende insonderheijt onder dato 10 
Febroarijhoe weijnigh si j lieden oockte vertrouwen si jn ende dierhal- 
yen 't gemelte getal volcq wel nodigh tot bewaringe van Comp' om- 
meslagn alleen was boven 't worck datter godaeu wort ende ingevalle 
dese natie slim genoegh was souden als ons thuijn ende meer ander 
werok oonnen beletten ende vernielen, edoch willen hoopen haer 
Oodt de Heere sooveel verstant niet geven sal, echter is niet 
qnaet dat men toesiet ten eijnde met al te groote besnijdinge van 
gnamiaoen de wel begonnen ende al fraij florerende saockcn alhier 
niet weder verachtert worden, want de voors: inwoonders sedert 
eenige tijt herwaerts wel hebben weten voor te geven siende datter 
Tan "^t oude volcq somtijts eenige voorts na Batavia gaen dat wij 
000 flterok niet sijn als te voren ende wanneer der geen schepen 
leggen wel raed souden weten ons te overvallen vermits veele volcx 
buijten 't fort hier ende daer op haer werck ende sonder geweer 
sijn, ende offe hare praterijen misschien soo heel seer aonnement- 
lijek niet en schijnen soo soudct echter soo wel cunncn c^ebeuron, 
als ons de beesten ontstolen sijn, oock soo derven sij ons wel 
degelijek affronteren als wij bij haer wat onsterck conien, sulcx 
dat wanneer wij ergens gaen, ten minsten sonder een getal van 
tusschen de 40 ende 50 coppen niet derven uijtgaen, oft souden 
ons wel degelijek een voordeel affsien ende overvallen ende watter 
dan tot bewaringe van 't fort blijft is als voren wel te calculeren 
ende diensvolgens oock genoeghsaem te begrijpen dat 't voorige 
eetal volcx tot t een ende' tander hier nodigh sijn, derhalven willen 
nopen d' Ed. Hr. Genorael ende Radon van India mot ons schrij- 
yens ende calculatie p' de Gecroonde Leeuw gesonden sullen 
geoontenteert blijven, mitsgaders II Ed. met ons bij desen voorslagh 
oock wel begrijpen 't selve niet anders te wesen als 't geene ton 
meeaten dienste van d' Ed, Comp is streckende, echter versoecken 
oitmoediglijck UEd: op desen evenwel soodanige verdere ordre 
gelieven te stellen ende ons te laten toecomen als UEd. beter als 
wij met ons cleijn begrijp cunnen oordoelen te behoren sullende 
ondertoBBchen niet nalaten allen mogelij eken vlijt tot 't een ende 
't ander te oontribucren. 

Ende aengaende do robben «vanghst can met 30 man alle jaren 
wel omtrent 30 C -■ vellen oi)gegadert worden welcke in't Vaderlant 
dan renderende als voor desen soo suI1«mi de Caepse oucostou daer 
fraij mede uitgewonnen worden ende d«' El. Comp' al de vrrverssinge 
ende aoeomodatie voor han* gohe[)«'n alhier in overvloet voor niet 
hebben want 30 C vell«»n souden mogen halen stijf! 4(» C gl : 
ende genomen 100 a llü ^opj^'-n (://»' #,.'./,' /A V ///< -n /m *t\dt ttm- 
mertH deaen jare gpilatn /^ rni\i midv aoucii' cuNnen Kaernemni 
ooeten d'^ E: Uomp' met cost ende al op 't hoogste 's jaers 18 uft 



74 

1665. ^i^Q ordinary profits be <»harge(l for the ^oods consumed by the 
28t!» April ™ön, there would be a surplus of 20,000 gl , for which a yacht or 
flute might be obtained to trade with Madagascar for provisions 
for oureelves and Mauritius, and so leave Batavia excused, ac- 
cording to our letter to India dated 14th Aug. last. 



And as we would like not only to secure profits with the seal 
fishory, the only source at present, but also to communicate with 
Mauritius and Madagascar, we thought that it would be good if a 

5 roper yacht or flute with 12 or 14 pieces were sent to us about 
anuarv or February to bo despatched to Tristan d'Acunha, so 
that it may be back again with the required information for the 
return flet»t. Hence it may proceed to Madagascar and Mauritius. 



The galiots are too weak and small for this purpose. Tlie yacht 
may bring from Madagascar off and on as much rico as will enable 
us to supply Mauritius and also ourselves. A large number of 
slaves may also bo obtained, whose cheap food would enable us to 
keep agriculture and seal fishing going, besides a lot of wages 
would 1)0 saved. Aceonlingly with such a yacht as mentioned 2 
or 3 different kinds of work could be done — the exploration of 
Tristan da Cunha, the trade with Madagascar and the provisioning 
of Mauritius, whilst the present galiot could be relieved. 



Galiots are too small for the seas in the regions mentioned and 
too weak to cope with the French who trade at Madagascar and 
are not to be trusted. 



A good prize might also be» obtained about Mozambique, and the 
yacht might on its return then 'fore bo ordered to sail between the 
island and the mainland. 



75 

20 C— gi : de verbesip^nde materialen gestelt tegen de winsten ^^^• 
op de manofaoturen die 't volcq op reecq: gegeven worden soo 2Son April. 
souden nooh stijil 20 C= gl : overschieten voor welck overschot 
wél een jachtjen oft fluijtjen sonde ounnen gesonden worden omme 
Tan hier met eenen oook den handel op Madagascar waer te nemen 
tot provideringe voor ons ende Mauritius ende alsoo Batavia van 
die expresse equipagie g'excuseert te laten, als bij ODse propositie 
pr. missive van den 14" Augusto aen d' Ed : Hr : Q-enerael ende 
Baden van India gedaen ten deelen te beoogen sij. 

Ende alsoo wij gaeme ons beste souden doen omme niet alleen 
met de robben vanghst dat vooreerst noch maer voorvalt d' E. 
Comp" dese plaetse buijten belastinge maer oock tot eeuige over- 
winste te brengen ende bovendien voorhaelde eijlant Madagascar 
ende Mauritius ten eijnde voormelt oock te bevaren soo is 't dat 
wij hebben gedacht (edoch onder verbeteringe van UEd : wijser 
oordeel) niet vreempt soude wesen dat van 't Yaderlant een 
beqoaem jachtien offte fluijt als voorez: mot 12 a 14 stucken 
herwaerts wierd gesonden, ende dat met oft omtrent de kermis oft 
herffts scheepen : ten eijnde 't selve hier omtrent Januarij oft 
Febmarij verschijnende, alsdan de principaelste tijt nochtans 
aentre£Fen omme na UEd : intentie de eij landen van Tristao de 
t.'unha te besoeoken ende voor de retour vloote hier kerende, 
UEd: noch met deselvo advijs daer van toe te senden mitsgaders 
dan wijders van hier te gacD na Madagascar ende Maiiritins 
voorsz : tot welcke vaert de galjots doch te cleijn ende insuffichant 
siJD, vermits 't orappe vaerwater, met soodanigh jacht dun 
oock van 't gemelte eijlant Madagascar tusscben wijle soo vool 
rijs misschien soude te handelen wesen dat wij ende Mauritius 
tesaemen daermede jaerlijcx genoechsaem ounnen geprovidocrf 
worden ende beneifens dien wel soo veele slaven dat daermedo 
voor de slechte oost alleen de robbenvanghst ende lantbou alhier 
■oude mogen gaende ende soo veel te minder gagie winners hier 
gehouden worden, invougcn met soodanigh jachtjen offte iiuijt 
alhier 2 è 3 dubbelden dienst soude ounnen worden gedaen als 
namentlijck d' ondeckingh van Cristao do Cunha, den handel op 
Madagascar ende 't provideren van Mauritius, mitsgaders oock 't 
hier sijnde f^aljot g'excuseert. 

Hoedanigh ende oock geen minder jacht offte fluijtjen tot de 
gemelte vaert nodich vereijscht niet alleen omdat de galjots te 
deijn tot dat vaerwater ; maer oook te insuffisant ende niet de- 
fencif genoegh sijn om de Francen te wcflcrstaen die op Mada- 
gascar varen ende weijnioh te vertrouwen vallen. 

Ten anderen soo soud men met soodanigh jachtjen misschien 
oock wel een redelijck prijpjen mogen opdoen omtn»nt Mosam- 
bique tot noch meerder soulaos van *V oncosten ton welckon eijnde 
men 't selve van hier aff in de weerom compete van Madagascar 
herwaerta soude ounnen ordonneren binnen deur te loopen. 



76 

1056. rpj^g yacht annually required at Batavia for provisioning Man- 

28th April ritius might be done away with, as no ebony is any longer cut, and 
whatever is required of this nature tlie yacht might annually bring 
hither to be taken away with the skins by the return fleet. 



The expenses caused by such a yacht would be compensated for 
by the cost^ saved by no longer sending an extra ship to Mauritius, 
besides it is also evident that we may expect the value of about 40 
or 00,000 guldens in seal skins, and pernaps more. 



Provisions from Madagascar would be obtained for bad and 
cheap wares, and this would also save and be a oomfort. 

A good number of slaves would be obtained. This would 
enable you to discharge a good number of paid labourers and keep 
them at agrioultiu'e and seal fishing. 

Some slaves might also be obtained for Batavia at a nominal 
figure. 

The ebony annually required by the Company at Mauritius 
might also be taken in by her, and she might perhaps also capture 
a Mozambique prize. An eye could also be continually kept on the 
proceedings of the French and English at Madagascar, &c. 

Tlie return fleet would be less encumbereil and would only have 
to bring for Mauritius and ourselves, some arrack and clothing for 
the men. We have therefore brought these points forward that 
you may consider them and give your orders accordingly. As a 
yr.<ht is annually despatched ^vith provisions from Batavia and 
returns empty, the expense is great, and therefore one should be 
sent hither that we may provide ourselves from the Madagascar 
trade, and also Mauritius. We have spoken so fully, that the 
matter may be thoroughly considered. 



In our letter of the 8th last we stated what wares were acquired 
for the Madagascar trade. 



77 

}?nde soudo daermede dan oock cunnen g'exouseert worden d* *^'^- 
expresse equipajcie ende oncosten van eon jacht dat nu jaorlijekx 28«n'April 
van Batavia op Mauritius om den rijs prineipael moet affgesonden 
worden, dowijle datter doch geen ebbenhout meer gehackt wort 
ende als 't d' E : Comp" hout van doen hadt, cost het jaeilijckx 
met voors : jachten hier gebracht ende dan in de retour vloote 
neffens de vellen voorts nl met eenen mede na 't Vaderlant 
gesonden worden. 

Invougen tegen d' oueosten die d' E. Comp' jaerlijckx van soo- 
danigh jachtien offte Üuijt te senden soude comen te dragen weder 
als voorsz : can g'excuseert worden d' expresse equipagie van een 
jaoht uijt India op Mauritius ende verhaelde galjot alhier dat 
malcander wel quadreert, bovendien is apparent te verwachten de 
waerde van omtrent 40 è. 40 C-- gl : aen robben vellen oft mis- 
schien wel meer. 

De provisie voor dese plaetse ende Mauritius uijt den Madagas- 
carse handel voor sleghte ende geringe ooopmans : dat oock al uijt 
wint ende soulageert. 

Goede partije slaven voor Idem om daertegen oock tot noch 
meerder ontlastinge eenige gagie winners te excuseren tot de 
robben vanghst, ende lantbou &o\ noch al noodigh sijnde. Item 
oock misschien wel partije slaven voor Batavia schier voor niet te 
becomen. 

t' Ebbenhout van Mauritius dat d' E : Comp' jaerlijckx geliefde 
t' eijssen ende misschien als voorseijt oock wel een Mosambicqs 

Ïrijsien, mitsgaders bovendien oock 't gestadige oogh op der 
Vaneen ende Engelsen doen aen Madagascar &q\ Als wanneer 
dan oock de retour vloote jaerlijckx van Batavia te min oelem- 
mert ende maer soude behoeven voor ons, ende Mauritius beladen 
te worden met aracq, ende eenige weijnige cleden oft lijwaten 
i^cc^ voor 't volcqs verschoninge derhalven wij dit aldus hebben 
goet gedacht te remonstreren, ommo bij U Ed : wijders op gede« 
libereert, ende g'ordonneert te worden als na derselver wijsor 
oordeel bevonden sal worden ten meesten voordeele te behoren. 

Ons dunckt altoos (onder correctie als voren) dewijle doch 
jaerlijox een jacht expres van Batavia met provisie gesonden 
moet worden, 't welck alsoo costelijck als uijt 't vaderlant valt te 
meer dewijl 't doch ledigh weder na Batavia keert dat daertegen 
wel een jaoht uijt 't Patria oomen ende hier gesonden worden, 
can omme als voors : uijt den Madagasoarsen handel ons selfFs 
ende Mauritius te provideren pr. memorie, ende dus largo gestelt 
omme met redenen pro et contra op te mogen werden gedelibe- 
roert, mitsgaders ingevolge sulcx beslooten ende aen ons g'ordon- 
neert als u Ed : sullen goet vinden ten meesten dienste, ende 
proflSjt van d' E : Comp' te behoren. 

Ende wat coopmans : tot den Madagascarsen handel van 
noodigh sijn ende uijt 't Vaderlant soude dienen gesonden 



78 



166Ó. We will neverthloss repeat the list. 

28th April. n 1 . . ,.11.,, , 

Some flat thin iron staves, like thick leaguer hoops. 
4 or 5 cases of different kinds of beads as descrioed by F. 
Verburgh last year. 

Some pooket looking glasses. 
10,000 needles, among them some sailmaker's. 
Some strands of cut crystal beads \ 
Large imitation blood coral, round r Obtainable in tlie 
and oblong & Neurenburg shops. 

Large imitation blue beads j 

Some bad scissors and raasors. 
Large round copper beUs and small ones. 
These are the only thingp that we know that we must get from 
homo, ill course of time we will have more expericuoe. 

In case you grant us a yacht, Os Medaos (Cam o and Rio ilea Beys 
may in passing be examined, but in addition we should also have 
one or two fast sailing sloops for those places and Madagascar to 
explore all nooks and crevice»» and find out what trade may bo 
opened. They might be placed in pieces on the yacht and put 
together in the bay of Antongil, or a fine one might be obtained 
from Mauritius, but for this we must havo special authority as the 
Commander there might care very little about our order, not being 
under our jurisdiction. 



Our letter book will tell you what we wrote to India regarding 
the connection of Mauritius with this place and our reasons for the 
same. 



As no ebony is any longer taken from Mauritius, and the 
garrison has consequently nothing to do, the India Council has 
reduced the number of men to 30, the remainder to be employed 
elsewhere. Should therefore any more ebony be required sufficient 



79 

is in onse missive van A" pass^ gomelt eohtor sullen die ^^^• 
evenwel in qualito on quantitehior nooh bijvoegen, doselve sijn «jsen April. 
dan ende souden voor eerst uijt 't Patria van doen wesen als te 
weten: 

£enige platte dunne ijsoro staven als dicke legger boepen. 

4 è 5 Gassen met alderhande coralou insonderheijt sulox als 
bij 't vertooehjen van Sr. Verburgh ende onse missive van 
A" pass' gemelt is. 

Partij boeok ende Nourenburger spiegeltjes. 

10 C= naelden, daer onder paurtije seijlnaelden. 

Eemge kettinghB oft maaengeslop : cristal \ j^ ^^ ^ ^^ . 

woote lauoe bloet corael rond ende langu- f ' k 1 1 

d-bU^'^'iralen. j *^'"«'^- 

Eenige slechte soheereu eude scheermessen. 

Oroote ronde copere bellen en d" sehelletjes. 
dewelcke ende uijt 't Vaderland te vorderen weten noch maer bekent 
MJn, sullende mettortijt wel meerder ervaringe becomen worden. 

Ende soo 't UEd dan goet vinden cm ten fine voormelt soo- 
daoi'gh een jacht te senden sonde men empassant noch wei eens 
mede wat nader ondersoeck op Os Medaos d'Auro ende Rio des Itoijs 
cunnen laten doen maor dienen oock daertoe als mede aon Mada- 
gascar wel een snedige sloop oft 2 te hebben om alle gaten uijt 
undo in te mogen lc]K'n ende snuifelen wat overal oft ergens 
moehte te doen vallen cV: welck in d jacht gesloopt coste mede 
comen ende in de baij vnu Autongil aen Madagascar voorts opge- 
set offte wel een van Mauritius fraij remaeckt ende gecregen 
worden cmme die dan aldaer te laten maeoken wij oock nootsaecke- 
lijok souden dienen versien met speciale commissie ofte authoris 
atie anders mochten misschien d* opperhooffden van die plaetse 
vermits onder de Caep niet sorteren haer aen onse daer toe gevende 
onlre weijnigh gelegen laten p'. m<»morie. 

Wat wij verders bij missive van don 14 Augusto it>ö4, p'. de 
Ooutsblon ende haer gesz : aen de Ed : II rn. Öenerael ende lüulon 
van India op die saken als oock om als dun met eenen Mauritius 
cnder deseplaetse te trecken onde bevaren hebben geremonstreert 
gelieven UEd : in ons copie louck bij de gemelte copie in't lange 
te beoogen. 

Hiermede eenighsiiits modo cniiieudo op <le sneckon van Mauri- 
tius hebben gomerokt dat dowijh» daer jop:oi woord igh goen ebben- 
hout meer goliaolt \vr)rt ondo al dat vnUq daordnor niarr l»*digh 
gaen ende dorhalvon di«* l'»'Fettin<re van dat Eijlant d' E Conij» al 
wat costelijck valt d* Ed : Urn. Ueurravl ondo Kadon van lutlia 't 
guamisoen aldaer tot op 'i<» o<»pj»«ii uu over de ♦*»0 storok siju<le 
laten Wsnijden ommo datrdot»r voole onnoodigo onoostou van 
gagi«*wiuners rndo costotors ito 't oxcusorm oude op andoro 
plaetsi* t* employeren wanneer UEd: dan winlorom eijsth geliefden 



80 

1655. 3,i(3n could bo drawn from the ships here and sent to that island for 
28th A) ril. f<'lHng antl collecting the tirahcr. Whon enough has been ob- 
taine<l the men could be forwanled to India where there is always 
a scarcity of hands. This would be better than leaving them idle 
as is the case now on the island. But things won't mend as long 
as the Batavia store rooms are overcrowded with wood and your 
requirements remain so limited. 



The re<luction of the garrison will diminish the quantity of 
su] ►lilies rcHjuired, as the island is full of fish, cattle and other ^kmI. 
The snudl supply require<l could without trouble be sent from this, 
and Batiivia relieved of the extra annual vessel. 



Both the stations could be supplied from the return ships, and a 
small lodge could be built on Madagosoar in order to obtoui thence 
our supplies. Tliis would excuse Batavia from the obligation 
of sending us suoh heavy articles as riee, cadjangb, Wans, 
&c., and perhaps secure for it some slaves also to be sent 
on both the outward boimd ships; besides those kept here 
for agricultural work and the seal fishery. By this arrangement 
about Mauritius all the supplies kept here for us might be saved, 
and we are sure in course of time of being able to supply the three 
plac<»s with what Mauritius alone consumed. We also trust to 
obtain much from the Madagascar trade in the shape of rice, &o., 
as well as from oiur gardens, so that both Patria and India would be 
relieved of the labour of supplying us. We trust that the Mada- 
gascar trade will supply us with almost everything for the three 
stations, excepting oil, vinegar and arrack, &o. The Madagascar 
slaves besides would save wages, and less men might be kept here 
to save expense for the Company. An attempt might be made to 
obtain vinegar from the ^mlm trees of Mauritius, sidficient for that 



81 

te doen om ebbenhout oost men in dien gevalle dan liohtelijok van ^^^* 
hier uijt 't Yaderlant aenoomende soheepen wel boo veel volox 28en April, 
lighten ende derwaerts eenden als daertoe sonde vereijssen omme 
wanneer UEd : dan weder houts genoegh hadden deseWe daer 
affteb'ghten ende na India te senden daer men doch doorgaens om 
voleq verlegen is tot beter empleo als ledioh te laten ffaen, gelijok se 
jegenwoormgh meest al te malen op voors : eijlant doen ende con- 
tinueren sal soo lange de Bataviase magasijnen van hout overoropt 
ende TJEd: eijssohen van de ooopmans : jaerlijokx soo oleijn blijven. 

Door weloke voorhaelde besnijdinge nu oook te minder sorge sal 
behoeven gedragen te worden voor de provision te meer dewijle 
dat eijlant vol van vis, vee ende andre lijftochten is, ende oie 
weijnige provisie van hier met soodanigh jaoht als voors : sonder 
groot besfagh jaerl : wel sal ounnen b^mokt ende soo doende 
Batavia oook als meer geseiit van die expresse equipagie alle 
jaren niet sdleen g'exouseert blijven ende met 't gene voor dato 
altijt voor dat eijlant is moeten met een sohip expres gesonden 
worden nu pr. de retour vloote empassant desebeijde plaetsen 
version ende oook een oleijn oomptoir offte logie op Ifadagasoar 
ounnen gehouden worden omme van daer in manieren als voors : 
metter tijt onse provisie ende nootdruttiohheden selfb te halen dat 
men Batavia van die groote volumen als rijs, bognen, oadjangh 
etc. niet alleen soude exouseren de retour vloote meer mede te 
belemmeren, nemaer oook selfb Batavia van de daer te 
handelen slaven misschien eenighsints mede ounnen acoomo- 
deren, ende 't elokens empassant met de hier uijt Yaderlant 
aenoomende soheepen sonder expresse onoosten toesenden t' 
haerder groote acoomodatie boven de gene daer wij hier aen de 
lantbouwerije ende robbenvanghst &(f voor d' E : Ciomp*" groeten 
dienst van souden ounnen trecken ende alsoo door die mesnagie 
van Mauritius apparent oook gevonden ende uijtgewonnen mogen 
worden de heele oost voor 't gansohe guarnisoen dat hier gehouden 
wordt, ja maken staet dus doende wel bijna metter tijt alle drie 
de plaetsen souden ounnen versorgen met 'tj^eene Mauritius alleen 
plaoh te verslinden behalven dat te hopen is wij oook van veele 
saeoken mits den handel op Madagascar van rijs Axf ende onse 
lantbou alhier sodanigh soude ounnen version worden dat 't 
Patiia ende Batavia al vrij souden mogen g'exouseert blijven van 
veele saeoken ons meer toe te senden alsoo rodelijoke hoope hebben 
met den handel op Madafi^asoar ons haest van alles solver souden 
cunnen versorgen voor alle drie de plaetsen, behalven eenlijck van 
olij, asijn, aracq, &c* boven dat met de Madagasoarsen slaven als 
meer aengetogen veele gaffie winners souden mogen g'exouseert 
ende te minder hier gehouden worden tot te weijnigher belastinghe 
voor d' E Comp* ; ja souden oook cunnen laten ondernemen o£Ft 
men uijt de palmit boomen (op Mauritius staende) niet soo veele 
asijn soude op te gaderen wesen, ab voor ons ende haer nodigh 

Q 



82 

ï^^» island and onwelvoB, the work to be done there by those who have 
Mth April ^^^ nothing to do. Those who have nothing to do should be 
made to do as much as they oan — as well as those who remain behind 
from the ships, when they have been restored to health, that they 
may earn their food and help our own men and in the interests of 
the Company enable us to send so many skins home, and so many 
slaves to India that in course of time you may expect better things 
from this place. 



It may be said that ebony being very heavj' must be sent direct 
from Mauritius to Batavia as it takes the place of ballast and con- 
sequently cannot he shipped on board of the return ships, but no 
express opportunity will be needed. The yacht with which we 
send the supplies to Mauritius and intend to carry on our trade 
with Moilagascar, oould bring the wood hither, and as the outward- 
1)ound ships an*ive they can suecessively carry the wood away 
without any exixjnse, or in any other manner as you may deem 
fit. Mauritius is a good place of banishment for Batavia convicts. 



The islands of Banda are also goo<l for the purpose, or they may 
l)e sent hither ; during their banishment they may be employed 
in seal catching on the islands. 

In answer to yours of 6th October last, we say that the whale 
fishery promises verv well, but as the India Council in its letter 
of 7th November last refused to take any more oil, it would be 
useless to go to the expense of getting harpooners and theii tools. 



Have therefore left the matter in abeyance until we hear from 
you. Shoultl the harpooners, however, come, we shall M'e what 



2 Sen April. 



83 

was ende dat voor't ledigh gaen van die op Mauritius bleven, wij iö56. 
souden altoos niet na laten te practiseren om nooh soo veel dienst 
te treoken van die weijnigh te doen hebben als moge lij ok was 
gelijok mede van die gene weloke hier doorgaens wegen sieekte 
uijtte schepen verblijven moeten als de selve maer wat beginnen 
op de been te oomen ten eijnde sij nooh ten minsten mogelijok 
sijnde haren oost verdienen omme de E : Comp'' soo veelet' ont- 
lasten ende dienst te laten hebben voor haer onder ons gehorende 
voloq als wij met alle praotijoken sullen eunuen bij brengen ten 
eijnde oook soo veele vellen tot retour na Nederlant ende slaven na 
India mogen sohicken dat TJE : niet alleene goede maer noch 
betere hoope van deseplaetsemetter tijt mogen te verwachten heb- 
ben waertoe d' Almogende Sijnen segen geve. 

Ende dewijle wegen 't ebbenheut in consideratie mochte comen 
dat hetselve nootsaeckelijck dient van Mauritius op Batavia ge- 
bracht te worden vermits om sijn swaerte in de retour scheepen 
dient onder al de ladinge in plaetse van ballast te leggen sulcx 
hier aen de Caep (de retour scheepen comende ende al ge- 
laden sijnde) niet soude cunnen geschieden soo sal echter 
daeronmie geen expresse besendinge van Batavia behoeven 
gedaen maar do. hout met 't jachtjen offte fluijt voorsz : daer wij 
de provisie mede na Mauritius senden ende den handel op Mada- 
g:a'car exerceren jaerlijcx hier gebracht ende alsdan mette uijt 't 
Patria hier comende te ververssen scheepen als voorzs : 't elckens 
voorts na India gesonden mogen worden ende dat alles empassant 
sonder eenigo expresse besendinge ende oncosten offte op soodanige 
and re maniere als UEd: (beter als wij kunnen begrijpen) sullen 
gelieven t' ordonneren t'onser pertinente narichtige in toecomende. 

Item dat oock mochte geconsidereert ende geseijt worden dat 
Mauritius een goede plaetse is om misdadigers van Batavia als 
baudioten op te bannen, tot sulcx sijn d' ei j landen van Banda 
mede goet, oft cunnen hier oock wel gesonden worden, men can se 
staende haer banissement op d* ei j landen wel lustigh aen't robben 
villen setten. 

Comende wijders tot beantwoordinge uwer Ed : laeste aen 
ons geeondene missive uijtte Yergaderinge van de Zeven - 
thiene, gedateert 6 Octob: a' passo", soo seggen vooreerst: 
op poinct van de walvisvanghst dat deselve wel van goede 
apparentie schijnt maer hebben d' Ed : lïm. Generael ende Raden 
van India bij hare missive van den 7 9*"'' A" pass", den traen 
gansch afFgesz : ende ons bevolen geen meer te senden sulcx dat 
ons voorstel ende UEd : daerop genomen resolutie om harponiers 
aen te nemen ende met de vereijschte noodicheden herwaerts te 
senden costen ende moeiten te vergeeffs sal w^sen ende wij oock 
geresol veert hadden 't selve suspens te houden tot nader ordre 
waren anders al voornemens om tegen de bequame tijt een preuve 
te nemen edoch soo de harponiers ende gereetschappen comen 

o 2 



84 

1665. ^^ ^^ ^Q . ^ jj^g meanwhile we save the staves landed from the 
28th April, vessels, to be used if required ; but it would not be advisable in 
the interests of the ships to land the meat and pork barrels. They 
are indispensable on board for water, as all the beer and water 
casks before arriving here fall out of their wooden hoops. The 
staves could be used for whole and half aums to keep oil in, but 
then we require iron hoops ; but in case the Company requires the 
oil, we will try and get on the best way we can. 



The premium given to ships touching at the Cape, and the 
forfeiture of the same if they do not, will cause very few to pass 
and tend to preserve the health of the crews, as we are abundantly 
supplied with greens, though we have no fresh meat. This will, 
however, not always be wanting, and the men will have reason to 
Ix) satisfied. But it is evident that the vegetables restore to 
I>erfect health the sick even without the help of fresh meat, and 
we will take care to forward the sick left behind, but recovered, 
as we have done all along. We will also take care that the ships, 
which delay too long, will be hurried on — formerly we had no 
power to do so ; now we will not allow them to remain longer 
than 10 or 14 days, except when urgently necessary. 



Please provide the departing ships with a copy of instructions 
and annexed chart, sent over last year, for the information of 
those intending to visit the Cape. By following them much 
advantage will Do derived, as safe anchor ground will be found on 
the spots indicated. Having re-peruse<i our letter to you of 
March 3l9t, 1654, and also again looked at the charts we found 
them thoroughly correct ; but to make charts of all the grounds 
would be hardly possible. 



IlaWng read your opinion that the murderer of the youth, if 
caught, should be capitally punishe*!, ami that Herry, if he had 



86 

sullen sien wat wij nooh doon, altoof laten bij provisie de pijpe ï^^- 
duijgen van de scheepen bijeen vergaderen om oft te pas quam 'ogen April. 
ons ten dienste van d' £d : Comp'' van te mogen dienen ; emaer 
aengaende de vleijs-, speek- ende botervaten van de scheepen te 
lichten ende tot traenvaten te gebruicken, sal sonder ondienst aen 
U£d : scheepen qualijck kunnen vallen alsoo sij deselve te noodigh 
tot watervaten van doen hebben, vermits al de bier- ende water- 
pijpen eerse hier comen al temalen uijt hare houte bandt vallen, 
welcke duijgen wel goet sullen sijn tot heele en halve amen te 
te maecken om den traen in te bergen, maar sal ons dan daertoe 
weder ijser bandt manqueren, edoch als bevonden wordt den traen 
d' E : Oomp'' dienstigh sij, sullen sien hoe ons in dien gevalle dan 
redden. 

J)oor TJEd : ordre aen de schepen jegenwoordigh gegeven om 
de Caep aen te doen op verbeurte van de premie sal der weijnich 
doen verbij loopen ende sulcx gelijck UEd : wel ende te rechte 
begrijpen oock strecken tot bijsondere conservatie voor 't voloq 
alsoo 't hier vm aldcrhande aert ende thuijn vruchten Gode loff 
volop is ende lui j den daerdoor treffelijok ververssen ende tot 
reconvalisatie comen niet jegenstaende datter juijst geen vers vleijs 
can toegegeven worden dat de sakon wel verbeteren ende d' aen- 
comende lui j den meerder genoegen geven soude, maer wat is daer 
veele aengeiegen als sij maer behoorlijck ververssen ende de 
siecken wodor tot gesontheijdt comen sulckx met de gemette m^uchten 

doch genoechsaem geschiet soo sal bij on» oock wel 
'tLijfton demieoken geUt (corden dat de overighblyvende siecken hier 
'?Y<^n^eI^° d«.° O^^^f^^ ^^(^ ^^^^ ^^ volfjende scheepen gereconvali^ 
aeWen. seert nagesonden worden soo wij al eenigh iijt 

g^ observeert hebben. Insgelijokx mede dat de 
schepen niet al te langh hier leggen te stickelen gelijck ran sommigen 
tevoren wel geschiet is daer wij door manquement van authorisatie niet 
secr luird hebben derven tegen wesen ende nu wel acht op nemen sullen 
dat ten hooghsten niet boven 10, 12 a 14 dagen blijven leggen als by 
hoochdringende noot. 

UEd : gelieven doch te gedencken de aff varende scheepen te 
vorsien met een copie van de memorie ende bijgevouchde caertjes 
a' pass'' overgesonden ende dienende tot onderrechtinge omme de 
Caep aen te doen : wij verseeckeren UEd : dat haer daema regu- 
lerende veele sal schelen alsoo op d' aengewesen plaetsen bequame 
ancker gronden te vinden ende vandaert' allen tijden van' tgesonden 
brieffbouok g'insereert onder dato ult^Maert 1654, ende de caertjes 
nader oversien hebbende, mitsgaders daer op genoechsame erva- 
ringe gemaeckt heefft bevinden goet ende wel te wesen, ende om 
caerteu te maecken van al de landerijen is qualijck mogelijck. 

Gesien hebbende UEd : advijs op de saeckcn van de tolcq Herrij 
ende sijne g'allieerde van dat men den persoon die de jongen 
vormojrt heeift in handen crijgende, soude met de doot straffen, 



86 

1655« 110 hand in the crime should be banished to Batavia in chains, and 
28th'April. ^^^^ ^^ ^® ^*^ ^^ ^^^^ their cattle we should take from them as 
many as they have robbed us of, but no more, to make them under- 
stand that wo have not tlie slightest intention of wronging them — 
we find that this would bo the proper thing ; but looking at 
matters here, it appears to us that we ought to get them and all 
their cattle in our power or leave them alone, at the same time 
so strengthening our station that they may find no opportunity of 
doing us any mischief, but this can nardly bo done with less than 
100 or 110 men. It is likewise impossible to find out the man 
who really killed the boy. To take from them as many cattle as 
they have stoleti from us would cause as much irritation as when 
we took the whole, — nor could anything of the kind be done 
unless the whole lot were taken prisoneis beforehand, this could 
easily be done without shedding a drop of blood ; for at present 
they trust us an before, and with wives and children coulct all l)o 
easily cajoled into the fort and made drunk — we often made the 
experiment in case it might be found necessary to carry out our 
plan. 



We repeat that they deserve it richly to be taken prisoners by 
U6. The increase of their stock would enable the Company to 
help itself in supplying the ships «/ith fresh meat, whilst the men 
could bo eiuployed in seal-catching on the islands and fed with 
the meat. Their wives and children could be^sent to Batavia. 



To take no more than what they stole from us is not worth the 
trouble of getting into war with them, which would be the oonse- 

Ïuence. AU rosids would also be closed to us, and we would with 
iffioulty l)e able to catch them. As it is, we are to look after our- 
selves and our belongings as carefully as if they were formally 
already our enemies, for they insult us whenever they can, as will 
appear from our journal. Why then should no effort be made to 
remove them, and their cattle seized for the Company (about 10 
or I'^^OO cows), which cx>uld be protected, as now in the pastures. 



87 

eudo llerrij niet handadigh daor aen öijndo geweost na Bat" .I65ó. 
seudeu om aldaer in de kettingh te gaen mitsgaders het vee 28üu Ayril. 
aentreffende deselve weder soo veele an te nemen ende niet meer 
als se ons ontstolen hebben om haer alsoo te doen verstaen dat wij 
geensints genegen sijn haer in 't alderminste te veroorten &c'' be- 
vroeden wij wel dat regtmatigh soude wesen maer de saeoken hier 

ingesien leijt het bij ons onder verbeteringh 
d* Tolcq Herrij. van UEd: heel anders ende dat men haer 

moet met vee ende al in ons maoht sien te 
orijgen ofEte 't eenemaal met vreede laten ; mitsgaders ons ende 
onse ommeslagh voor haer soodanigh verseeokert sien te bewaren, 
dat se geen gelegentheijt mogen hebben om ons eenige overlast 
meer te doen, sulox wij overlangh g'observeert hebbén, 
maer is met een guamisoen onder de 100 è 110 ooppen sonder 
perijckel qualijek doenl. Pr. memorie den persoon selffs uit te 
vinden die sehuldigh is aen den moort van de jongens is 
onmogelijck. 

Ende maer soo veel beesten van haer te nemen als se ons ont- 
stolen hebben soude al soo veel irritatien ende vijandschap maken 
dan oft men al aff nam wat se hadden, sulcx alles oock niet wol 
doonlijck is tensij men sich van dien trouloosen hoop hare personen 
eerst verseeekerden daer cans genoegh toe is sonder een droppel 
bloets te storten, alsoo sij ons jegenwoordigh wel weder soo veel 
vertrouwen dat wij se al te malen met vrouw ende kinderen t' 
allen tijde wel ounnen in 't fort orijgen ende dronoken maken 
800 wij diekwils al geprobeert ende ondervonden hebben oft 
misschien te pas moohte comen. 

Ende blijven wij als noch persisteren bij ons voorich advijs als 
dat sij 't genoechsaem niet alleen verdient hebben, maer dagelijox 
noch al meer verdienen om hun met vee en al in ons gewelt te 
nemen, sullende daermede d' Ed: Comp"" uit d' aentelinge genoech- 
saem mogen bestaen om de scheepen na behooren met vers vleijs 
boven de thuijn vruchten te versien ende haer van de personen 
fraij cunnen dienen op d' Eijlanden tot de robbenvanghst 
met welck vleijs men haer sonder ijts anders oock can onderhouden 
ende vrou ende kinderen van haer wegh na Batavia sohiokeu. 
Maer niet meer te nemen als se ons ontstolen hebben is niet te pijne 
waert om met haer in openbare oorlogh te oomen sulcx in dat cas 
doch soo uijt vallen ende dan alle wegen voor ons onveijligh ende 
sij alsdan oock qualijek meer t' attrapperen wesen souden ende 
moeten wij doch jegenwoordigh onse persoenen ende omslagh wel 
soodanigh bewaren off se onse formele vijanden waren oft souden 
ons wel degelijck derven affront eren soo in onse dagelij cxe aen- 
teijckeninge doorffaens wel te beoogen sij, waeronmie dan niet 
gemaeckt dat se Kladt voort ende wegh sijn, mitsgaders haer vee 
(omtrent 10 a 1200 soo koebeesten als schapen sterck) voor d' E. 
üomp" genomen ende dan golijok men nu doch echter om reden 



88 

iw«. ^th good watobmen ? We also adhere io our opinion that the 
28tli April other natives will oare very little about this prooeeditig ou our 
part, but will rather be glad of it. As reganls their boooniing 
afraid of us in ease we took everything from these rascals, matters 
would really be worse if we only took as muoh cattle as they took 
from us ; for besides, as lone as they are left in peace the natives 
from the interior dare not, for reasons stated before, come to us, 
as these rascals keep them away. How they do it we cannot say, 
we refer you to our former letters, to which we adhere. Either leave 
them alone entirely and treat them kindly or take possession of 
them and their property so that no one escapes. The latter 
plan is the most feasible. 



We made no further experiments with the ore, not having 
experts here. Lately 7 persons journeyed 50 miles inland, but 
found nothing |partioular. They met natives calling themselves 
Saldanhas, inclmed to trade, civil and kindly disposed, as the 
journal will show. It is evident that they remain away because 
of Herry ; if he were away they would certainly come. To take 
his aUiee prisoners would üierefore be very advantageous. 



About 50 miles distant a poor nation of small stature had been 
found. They would have proceeded further, but their provisions 
ran short. For farther journeys some asses would be mdispens- 
able to oaxTj viotuals, copper and tobacco, to be exchangra for 
cattle. If we bad these asses we mifffat now have bad a good 
number of cattle; 8 or 10 niight easily be obtained from St. 
Vincent and brought hither with the yacnt mentioned, or another 



Ö9 

voors: doen moet dat vee ende Comp" omBlagh met goode wacht ^^^ 
al omme te wei j don wel bewaert, wij blijven daer bij als in ons 28en^pril. 
vorige schrijven dat het haer d' inwoonders dieper in't landt niet 
eens sullen aentreoken, maer apparent blijde wesen dat desen 
hoop wegh is. 

Ende dat men soude meenen sijlieden bevreest sullen wesen 
voor ons omdat dese schelmen haer bestaen ontnomen ende wegh 
gevoert waren sal evenwel ende noch slimmer wesen indien wijder 
maer soo veele nemen als ons ontstolen sijn ende soo men haer 
met vreede laet derven d' inwoonders dieper uijt lant om redenen 
in ons vorighe sohrijvens gemelt oock niet aencomen alsoo haer 
deeso schelmen doch van hier houden edoch onder wat pretext of 
door welcke inductie is qualijck voor ons te raden, refereren ons 
dierhalven aen onse missive pr. de 4 vooraffvertrocken scheepen 
gesonden, ende blijven wij als vooren bij dat advijs dat men haer 
moet 't eenemael met vreden laten ende gelijck wij nu doen, niet 
als minnelij ck bejegenen oSt met vee ende al in ons gewelt sien 
te nemen datter niet een overschiet welck laeste onses gevoelens 
't geradenste ware — pr. memorie. 

Aengaende 't minerael hebben naderhant door manquement 
van kennis hebbende persoenen sedert A° pass'' sonderlingh 
geen moei j ten meer om gedaen : als nu jonghst met 7 per- 
soenen omtrent ÖO mijlen te landewaert in, edoch hebben 
der wegen niet waerdigh gevonden maer opgedaen eenige 
natie die haer selffs Saldanhaman noemden ende seer tot handel 
genegen schoenen, mitsgaders vrij civil ende goetaerdigh soo 
uijt de Gopie harer dagolijcxe aenreijckeninge hier bijgaende 
can beoogt worden als mede onder dato 3 April deses jaers in 
ons dagMegisters vervolch bij 't welcke mede olaer te speculeren 
sij dat deselve om Herrij's g'allieerde princepalijck van hier 
blijven, ende die wegh sijnde wel aencomen souden «Sbc". invougen 
wij niet anders cunnen sustineren oft dat het na ons nemen van 
haer persoenen ende vee d' E : Oomp*' op 't hooghste dienstigh 
soude sijn. 

Soo hadden deselve omtrent 50 mijlen van hier gevonden 
seecker armelij oke natie van cleijne stature, ende souden wel 
dieper te lande hebben ingemarcheert maer hunne oost raeokte op 
die haer oock niet soo langh soude gestrookt hebben ingevalle 
niet somtij ts wat schapen van voors : Saldanhaman hadden oomen 
te mijlen sulcx dat ons om noch dieper te landewaert in te gaen 
seer nootsaeckel : soude wesen eenige esels om victualie te dragen, 
ende mede coper ende tobaeq tot troucque tekens vee aldaer van 
Saldanhaman als dan apparent wel te onjgen ingevalle wij 
jegenwoordigh van esels voorsien waren om cost ende coopmans : 
te dragen souden apparent beesten ende schapen na genoegen wel 
beoomen hoedanige 8 è 10 esels als A* pass' ges : empassant van 
St. Vincent wel souden seer civiel te beoomen ende hier te 



90 



nv..». 



nut heavily niauiied. But then the commander» should be ordered 
2Mli Apiii. t^^ ^^y ^ tubject to a penalty, just as was done as regards thoir 
ualling here, otherwise for the sake of escaping from bringing 
the asses Ihey might pass St. Vincent. 



What Skipper David Klaas Swalgh has told you 
about Ilout Bay and its fitness for harbouring 3 or i 
ships against all winds is true, but as we stated last year 
it is too dangerous to get into or out of, in consequence of the 
calms and the whirlwinds under the land which is very mountain- 
ous,— the last time the Rcwie Voh was in danger there — see 
Journal 2»3rd Nov. last year — We therefore cannot recommend 
it as a harbour for ships except in cases of ereat distress; It 
would therefore be inexpeilient to make a fort there, as it would 
only be useful to protect the bay and be half an hour's walk from 
the fresh water. A cannon brought overland would easily pro- 
tect the moutb and prevent anybody from reaching the water 
(foimtain). 



It is not necessary to make such a long stretch to find land for 
cultivation. On this side near the forests, 2, 3, or 4 leagues away 
from the fort there is sufficient land for a thousand households, 
a subject which we have already considered, but we did not know 
that you would be inclined to colonize this place. We would 
otherwise^ have *lrawn your attention to the subject. We thought 
that your only object was to provide sufficient refreshments for 
vour ships here and find the costs out of something or another, 
both these objects have by the blessing of God been gained, as 
stated above. 



91 

brengen wesen met soodanigh jacht oft (luiitjen als UEd : tot '^^' 
Terhaelde «lecken souden mogen goet vinden nier te senden offte 28«nlïprii. 
wel met eenige andre die lignter als de groote scheepen deur zee 
comen, ende met weijnich volcq belemmert maer dienden d* 
opperhooffden dan sulox ocok op seeckere pene expresselijk ende 
bij geschrifiFte ff*ordonneert gelijck t* aendoen van de Caep, oft 
souden om de belemmeringh van d' esels niet te hebben om een 
oleijne oorsaeck St. Vincent wel verbij loopen, ende dunckt ons 
onder correctie sulcx in maniere als voorsz : met de jachten heel 
genouchlijek soude cunnen geschieden tot bijsonderen grooteu 
dienst aen dese plaetse voor d* E. Comp** ten eijnde voorsz : 
*T GFeeno schipper Davidt Claesz : Swaegh UEd. van het houtbaij- 

ken heeft verhaelt eerst wegen de bequaemheijt 
HoSi?'^ ^*" ^' om aldaer 3 4 4 scheepen voor aUe winden 

beschut te cunnen laten anckeren, is wel soo, 
maer als A' pass' g'adviseert te hasardeeus om in ende uijt te 
comen vermits de stilte ende oock de variable draij winden dight 
onder de wal (seer hoogh goberghte sijnde) subject waer door 
selffs ons galjot de lioode Vos de laeste mael daer om hout 
geweest al prijokel leet, ende dierhalven bij ons al halff geresul- 
veert is geen gal jot om brandhout dcrwaerts meer te perioliteren 
als onder dato 23 Novemb : A' pass in ons daghregister te sien 
sij. Invougen wij van advijs sijn niet eens l^hoeft gedacht te 
worden om daer met scheepen aen te comen als bij hooch drin- 
gende noot om lij ff ende goet op den hals te bergen. 

Dierhalvcn om noch een fort te maecken op de plaetse bij 
Toors : schipper Swaegh aengewesen tot bewaringe van die rheede 
wij meede onnoodigh ende oosten verloren aonten vermits 't 

maer tot bescherminge van de baij soude 
Aengiende ren for. te dienen, ende wel een halff uijr gaens van 't 
mii^Mi in o ont- ^^^^ water affleggen mitsgaders dierhalven 

soude eenigh canon over 't lant daer bij oomen 
seer facil soodanigh te blooqueeren wesen datter niemant uijt oft 
in soude cunnen oomen om water oft ijts te halen. 

Ende aengaende de saeoken om aldaer oock de landerijen ter 
culture te brengen is mede niet nodigh soo verre van honok te 
loepen, hebben aen dese cant, ende omtrent de bosschagies daer 
ons timmerhout van daen halen, 2, 3, è 4 mijlen van 't fort lants, 
ende gelegentheijt genoech wel voor duij sent huijsgesinnen waerop 
wij oock al somtijts speculatie hebben gehadt maer niet gedacht 
dat UEd. aen dese plaetse tot eenige colonic souden inclinereu. 
Hadlen anders voor dato al propositie gemaeckt ende onse 
speculatie op die eaecken UEd : bedeelt, maer hebben niet 
anders gemeeiit oft derselver oogmerck was maer om genoegh- 
same ververmuge voor UEd : aeuoomcnde scheepen aen te focken 
ende mogelijok sijnde, d* oncosten ergens uijt te vinden tot welcke 
beijden het jegenwoordigh door Godes zegen al gebracht is als in 
deten hier voren largo verhaelt. 



d2 

166Ó. B^t as we now seo that you are inclined to establish a colony 

28th April. ^^® ^S ^^ ^y ^^*^ ^ various places there is sufficient opportunity 
for rearing cattle and raising grain, though we said before, that 
grain does not succeed here, but this must be imdcrstood as regards 
the Table Valley, as the south*e(ister blows so violently over the moun- 
tain. Behind it however we believe that grain wiU grow, but the 
expense ^vill be heavy if Company's servants are to be used, for 
mon must live there to protect the fields which being sheltered by 
the forests would be a success some 2, 3, or 4 leagues away. 



There is also a fair supply of wood and reeds for building houses, 
but it is doubtful whether the freemen would show the necessary 
diligence in cultivation, as experience teaches us that the object of 
the majority is hurriedly to scrape their pockets full, and to do 
this they prefer to keep a canteen to the great demoralization of 
the men, &c. 



We also believe that nobody would care to come here except 
poor and needy people of small reputation, who consequently 
would care very little now they made money, preferring the easiest 
way of doing so, which is keeping a canteeUi out if a colony is to 
b(» established, such people cannot be avoided. If there- 
fore a colony is to be formed here, in the first place means 
should be found for the support of the Colonists, and also that 
they may be able to set something aside for themselves. Without 
this no one would expose Iiimself to such a wild and savage 
I'ountry. Having therefore considered the matter we think that 
the company must be content with for some time feeding such 
families and lodging them, imtil they have put their farms into 
proper order, wbioh for a series of years they ought to hold un- 
taxed. In course of time such taxes might then bo levied as 
might be required. 



But as it is also evident that those in India, as soon as their 
pockets are HIUhI, endeavour to return home and the same thing is 
to be feared here, and consequently always onlv needy and poor 
peasants would be left behind, we believe that the free men should 



98 

Maer dewijee wij du n*en ('at UEd : tot colosie te stabileren ^^^ 
, fchijnen gesint ie wesen eoo sullen wij ost ott«,Anrii 
Colore "" ^'"^ gevoelen daervan verclaeren, namentliiok dat ^ ' 

om vee ende coren hier aen te fooken op 
venoheijdene plaetsen cana genogh is niet jegenataende in 
ona vorigh schrijven seggen dat de granen hier niet suooe- 
deren willen, maer dat verstaen worden hier in de Taeffel 
valeii vermita de Z. Z. Ooste winden hier soo fel over de TaeflFel- 
bereh vallen maer aohtor denselven bergh vertrouwen wij dattet 
heel wel gaon soude, edooh met Comp* dienaers wat te oostelijok 
alsoo der volcqs soude moeten wonen tot bewaringh van de plan- 
taffies tot 'tweleke onder 't beeohut van de gemelte bosschagiea 
omtrent 2, 3 ïl 4 mijlen van hier gelegentheijt en bequame gront 
genoegh. 

Item oook om huijsen &c* te maken redelijcke aooomodatie van 
hout, riet, ende soo voorts : maer oft de vrije huijsgesinnen al 
souden genegen wesen behoorlijoke naerstiohheijt aen te wenden 
tot de oiüture is vrij aen te twijffelon alsoo d* exempelen veel 
eeleert hebben dat de meesten haer ooghmerok maer is om metter 
haeat de saok^n vol te rapen, ten welcken eijnde het dan liever 
datolijck opeen tappen ende snappen setten tot groote debauche 
van 't volcq &o'. 

Ende vertrouwen wij oook niet dat light ijmant anders sullen 
resolveren hier te oomen als behoeftige ende arme huijsgesinnen van 
oleijne reputatie die der derhalven weijnich aen gelegen laten hoe 
86 geit winnen, prefererende maer de gemaokelijekste gelegentheijt 
die haer voorvalt dat vooreerst een tapjen is, edooh alsoo dersul- 
oken in cas van oolonie oook mede souden moeten wesen sullen 
echter voortgaan ende seggen dat om huijsgesinnen hier te stabi- 
leren nootaaeckelijck oock dient gedacht op middelen waerbij haer 
deaelve niet alleene souden cunnen emeren maer oock eenighsints 
mogen ijtwes oonquesteren, sonder weloke hoope sigh niemant aen 
aoo een wilt ende woest landt sal begeven, derhalven daerop 
genomen hebbende onse spe<*ulatie soo begrijpen wij, Dat d* E. 
(3omp'* haer vooreerst soude moeten getroosten alle soodanige 
huijsgesinnen soo lange te spijsen ende de oost ende huijsvestingh 
te geven off laten maecken tot sij hare landerijen tot eeuige b»- 
quaemheijdt hadde gebracht, die se dan oock voor sommige jaren 
souden dienen sonder belastinge te besitten om na verloop van tijt 
eerst met sulcke tributen te beswaren als na de gelegentheijt 
moohte bevonden worden te vereijsschen. 

Maer alaoo oock in India doorgaans blijckt dat de vrije luijden soo 
haest de sark vol hebben, maer soecken weder na 't Vaderlant te gaen 
sulex meede hier al te vreeaen soude sijn, ende ingevolge t' elckens 
hier maer behoef tighen ende armen lantluijden oomen te verblijven 
soo soude ons (onder verbeteringe) niet vreempt duncken datter in 
cas voorsz : voor de vrije huisgezinnen geoonditioneert wierd een 



94 

\c>Sh. \yQ l)Ouu<l to remain t«»n y^ars, niid their children 20 years. The 
28tb"Ipril. afföctiou of parents for their children would urge the former to 
remain here and improve their lands, and also diminish the wish 
to return to Holland, if they cannot take their children with them 
hefore the fixed time. In this way they would gradually be 
entirely weaned from Holland and make this place their fatherland. 



They would in consequence also show more diligence in cultivating 
the soil; and should success crown their efforts, such taxes might be 
levied as may be necessary, to cover your expenses, whilst 
some profits might also be derived fi'om the sale of European or 
Indian articles. 



They should also be boimd to deliver to the Company their 
produce and cattle for money or such merchandize as they may 
require. At any rate we believe that the Company should remain 
mistress of everything and that they be allowed to trade with no 
one else excepting tliose alloweil by the Company. 



It is evident that great abundance would be secured here if 
families were introduced, but if they are to gain anything the 
(yompany should refrain from agriouItui*e and leave it to the free- 
men, otherwise the latter would be left with their produce on their 
hands. What would be the use of their planting much if there are 
no buyers. All the cattle and greens should therefore be sup- 
]»lie<l by the free men at a fixed price to the Company for dis- 
tribution among the ships as is the case in many parts of India. 



The company might keep a few animals and have a small garden 
for the garrison ; the wheat, rice, &e., India might take off our 
hands at prices agreed for either in money or goods, as the free 
men would require, but every thing should go through the hands 
of the Company that a part at least of the expenses might be 
defrayed which would be incurred in providing for the families. 



And the sooner to fix them on their own legs, a good quantity 
of slaves would be required for them ; the latter mignt be obtained 



95 

▼«rbant yan ten minsten thien jaren vorblijff, ende voor haer I06ft. 
mede nemende kinderen 20 waerdoor d' ouders dan apparent altijt og^^ ^ >ril 
van natuijren wegen g*inolineert ende g*animeert souden blijven * ^^ 
uijt affeotie tot hare lunderen voor deselve hun landerijen meer 
ende meer alhier te verbeteren ende te minder treek na Ilollant 
crijgen als hunne kinderen van den goprefigeerden tijt niet souden 
eunnen medenemen, mitsgaders alsoo mettertijt heel van Ilollant 
aif wennen ende eenemael van dese plaetse haer vaderlant mogen 
maecken, ende bovendien te meer naerstigheijdt aen wenden tot de 
oolturedie tot bequamheijdt eomende dan voor d' E : Comp" oooasie 
moohte uijtgevonden worden omme de landerijen dan soodanige 
impositie op te leggen als de gelegentheijt van maecken moohte 
vereijssohen ten eijnde UEd. voor haere draegende onoosten met- 
tertijt oook eenigh soulaes moohten trecken oehalven dat aen de 
manufacturen ende Europise oft Indische provisie &c\debijelijok 
te verstreoken) moghte geprovideert worden. 

Dienende oook deselve verbonden om haer vruchten ende vee ten 
believe van Utfd: ende tot acoomodatie van dersalver scheepen &'* 
aen d' Ed: Comp*^ te leveren voor geit oft in betalingo van sulcx 
sijlieden tot haer behoeft oft lijfs nootdnift mochten van doen 
hebben in allen gevalle dunokt ons onder correctie goed te sijn dat 
d' Ed : Comp" van alles meester blijft ende sijlieden met niemandt 
handelen als d' E. Oomp" nochte oock met suloke anders als 
mettertijt mochte bevonden worden d' E. Comp'' te believen. 

't Is misschien wel apparent datter hier seel vol ende overvloo- 
digh van alles soude worden allser huijsgesinnen quamen, maer 
800 deselve eenighsints wat conquesteren sullen, diende d* Ed. 
Oomp* dan met de lantbouw op te houden ende dat voor de vrije 
luijden alleen te laten, anders eunnen wij niet denoken waer sij 
met haer goet blijven souden, want off sij al veel aenplanten ende 
niemant muiden die 't haer affcocht waer souden de luijden dan 
met de vruchten heen sulcx dat nootsaeckelijok alle de ververssinge 
ende beesten voor de scheepen Sio* door de vrije luijden ten gestel- 
den prijse aen d* E. Comp soude moeten gelevert ende door Comp' 
ditpenner aen de scheepen gedistribneert worden gelijck op meer 
plaetsen in India geschiedt edoch oosten evenwel eenige beesten 
ende een clein thuijntjen h'iuden om 't guarnisoen van te spijsen 
't ooom, rijs &* soude India wel op mengen ende de vrije luijden 
a£^handelt eunnen worden, tegen sulox als deselve 't sij geit oft 
go^ weder van node hadden, edoch allee uijt Comp* han£n ten 
eijnde ÜEd : daer uijt metter tijt mede ijts tot soulaes van haer 
draffende onoosten wegen de last van de huijsgesinnen mochten 
vinaen oft op soodanige andere manieren als bij UEd : beter dan 
ons oan gepractiseert wonlen. 

Ende om deselve te eerder op de been te helpen soo soude oock 
nootaaeckelijr^k goide j>artiie slavf'n vofir deselve van doen weeën 
die men met n^Kylanich ]fwhi fiU vor^n fi^fnuAi misschien wel 



96 

1655. from Madagascar with a yacht as mentioned above, or they might 
28th April. ^ imported from India and given on credit to the free men until 
they have means to pay. 

Should tlierefore you be willing to bear the costs of supporting 
the immigrants, the matter might be managed without going as 
far as Hout Bay. There» is enough of good groimd on this side 
for cultivation and good means to be secured against the natives. 

Should the agreement be made, those who would leave in course 
of time would take care that their children were well provided for, 
and consequently less poor and more well to do people would 
remain here who in order to save what they have secured, woidd 
very much assist in warding off all hostile attempts. 

For this purpose they might be united in an armed burgher corps, 
as the Portuguese do in their Indian colonies. The children of 
the latter being born in those colonies the population is much 
increased and the parents are entirely weaned from the fatherland ; 
this is the reason of their strength in India. They would other- 
wise not have been able to hold out so long against the Company. 

The free men might establish fine fisheries and have bird traps 
in various localities. Much profit might be derived from this; also 
from honey and wax, and from civet from the eats to be had in 
abimdance. 

Should the population increase a great many industries woidd 
spring up, so that one could live from the other as is the case 
through the whole world. Arrack might also be burnt by China- 
men or other free men from Batavia while the draff could be \im{ 
for fee<ling pigs in multitude. This would be diflBcult for the 
Company's servants alone to do, — Madagascar rice would therefon» 
be very opportune and much might be got from that island 
that would be useful here and profitable to the Company. The 
outward bound might be supplie<l with the arrack, and the wine 
consequently saveil. This would be a great saving iis 4 leaguers 
arrack cost as much as one of French \yine. If tne freemen only 
are diligent and some Chinamen be willing to come over from 
Batavia. Nobody however would care to come without prospect 
to such a wild country — but to make a trial 3 or 4 families might 
be sent. There are already here some of the Company's servants 
>vho have been given small gardens and might be willing to take 
their discharge if allowed to have their wives with them. This 
class being already accustomed to the c*ountry would be of the best 



97 

bequamelijok van Madagascar sal ounnen haelen oft wel uijt India i^'^*^ 
moMn oriigen ende de yrije lieden dan op orediet geven ter tijt 28en ApHl 
middelen hadden om te betalen als UBa : haer d' onoosten dan 
gelieven te getroosten om als voorseijt de vrije huijsgesinnen voor- 
eerst nijt de handt te onderhouden soo soudet misschien wol mogen 
gaen sender dat wij behooven na 't hout baijcken te loopen, sijndo 
aen dese binnen cant bequaem landt genoegh ter culture endo oock 
goede geleffentheijdt om haer voor deese inwoonders te verseeckeren. 
Ende als £m oock verhaelde verbandt vast stonde sonde elck sijne 
kinderen achter latende met redelijoke middelen besorgen ende 
ingevolge te min arme maer altijt welgestelde luijden hier blijven 
die om de behoudenisse van haere conquesten al veel weer tegen 
alle vijandtlijcke attentaten souden contribueren ende Comp* staet 
keipen verseeckeren ten weloken eijnde met goede ordre op fraije 
bnrgeriijcke wacht ende geweer eestelt oosten worden eelijck de 
Porto^^n hun nrincipaele sterokte hebben op hare Indise oolonie 
van vnje lieden aoor inlantse aentelinge seer vermenichvuldight 
ende voloomen van hun Yaderlant a£Fgewent sijnde waerdoor ten 
principaelen in India bestaen, souden 't anders soo lange misschien 
tegen d' E : Comp*^ niet uijt gehart hebben. 

Schoone visscherijen ende vogelcoijen souden bij de vrije lieden 
op veele plaetsen apparent oock al trenelijok cunnen gemaeckt ende 
daemijt redelijck mede geprofiteert. Item oock honigh ende was van 
de bi|en gemaeckt worden als mede civet van de cevet catten hier 
redehjck abundant te orijgen ende bij vermenichvuldige alderhande 
hantweroken is hier oock te pas comen ende alsoo d* een van d* ander 
leven cunnen gelijck de gantsche worelt deur geschiet, insgelijck me- 
de aracq gebrant cunnen worden door Chinesen oft wel andere vrij o 
lieden van Batavia omme met de spoelinge vorder oock vcrckens 
in menighte aen te focken met Comp* dienaers alleen qualijck te 
doen waertOe den Mada^ascarsen rijs seer treiTelijck te patse 
oomen ende wij uijt dat eijlant veele saeoken tot Comp' proffijt 
ende aooomodatie alhier soudt^n cunnen halen met welcken arar*q 
dan oock d' uijtvaronde schepen metter tijt meeJe van hier voorts 
nae Batavia in eluijs soodanigh costen geprovideert worden dat 
men daermede al den wijn tusschen bier ende daer consumerende 
sonde mogen excuseren 't welek niet weijnich uijtwinnen sonde 
alsoo 4 leggers aracq soo veele cost als eene legger Franse wijn 
soo maer de vrije li^en wat na^^rsticheijt aenwenden ende eenige 
Chinesen van Batavia bier com<'n wilde, maer niemant wil gaeme 
aen soodanigen wilt ende woesten landt op ijdele hoope comen, 
edoch om preuve te nemen van vrije lieden costet voor eerst met 
3 è 4 hmjsgesinnen eens besocht worden, hier sijn mede wel 
eenige onder U Ed : dienaeren welcko wij doch al sommige parti- 
culiere thuijntjes vergunt heU>en ende wel tot vrijdom souden 
Jeneeen wesen als^- haer vrouwen m^>ohten overcrijgen end» 
nnokt ons van desuleke die hut reets gewent endf< 't landt l>«*kent 

II 



98 

1665. sorvioo. In order to provide for them and for other matters, at 
28th'April. ^^^ *^*P^ might bo raado to Madagascar, that is if the Tn/j) be fit 
for the pnrpose. 



If good refreshments and water oonld ho fonnd on Tristan d' 
Acunha tmd also a goo<l roa^lstead for the ships, those islands would 
be a desirable j^laoe for the Company, whilst as a plaoe of call they 
would make a vast difference compar<Ml with the Cape, lying right 
in the course of the ships and not requiring the circuit of a mile 
to get there for the ships coming in December, January and 
February. For those however which come afterwards it would be 
imiK)ssible to call, in consequence of the haziness and storms. 

Should you send us a suitable vessel we shall have the facilities 
carefully inspected. It is certain that there is water, as a ship 
fetched water there in 1G1*(, as appeai*s from annexed extract of the 
journal sent us by Skipper Aert Dirksz ; but we fear that there is 
no suitable harbour. 



Since the departure of the Hon. Lairesse there have arrived from 
lionio the Malacca, &c., on the 19th, &c., Februarj", Ifarch and 
A pril — all of which had hitherto lost but few men. The scurvy, 
however, had begun to make its appearance, but with proper 
refreshments all w«Te n^stonnl to health. The vessels left shortly 
afterwards with healthy crews, and some men left behind by 
former ships. 



As the West India (/ompany have lost the Brazils and the 
trade with Angola is open to every one, we believe that slaves, 



99 

gijn, voor eerst wel de besten deegh mede te doen soude wesen, ^^|^^- 
wij sullen altoos tot aooomodatie van *t een ende *t ander voor jHvn April. 
eerst nooh een tocht laten doen op Madagascar om wat slaven te 
beoomon ende d* E. Comp' van te dienen, verstaende soo 't hier 
sii'nde galjot do Tulp daertoe bequaem ende sufiisant genoegh 
g oordeelt wort. 

Indien op d* eijlanden van Tristao de Cunha goede gelegent- 
hoijt van water ende ververssinge ooste gevon- 

Tri»t*D d'Aruiih*. den wordon mitsgaders oock bequame rheede 
voor schepen souden die eijlanden een ge- 
wenschte plaetse voor d' £. Comp' wesen dewijle in *t aendoen 
macht ijh veele bij de Caep soude scheelen alsoo recht in haer 
passajie leggen ende dierhalven niet een mijl om, uijt den wegh 
soude behoeft geseijlt te wonlen voor die in Decemb : Januari j 
Si Febr : oomen maer voor die daer na comen vermits de dijsicheijt 
ende stormen onmogelijck ingevallen U£d. bequaem vaertuijgh 
gelieven te senden siülen de gelegentheijt wel eens ter degen laten 
ondersoecken, Jatter tcater in gaet toèt^ ahoo seecker schip ki 't jaer 
Kil 3 daer water gehaelt heeft gelijck uijt neffensgaende extract 
van joumael ons door schipper Aert Dirsksz: behandight na te 
fiien is, edoch aen hequamen haven vreesen tcij dntt^r prhicipael 
hai>eren hal. 

Sedert 't vertreck van Muijden met d' E: Lairesse siin hier wel 
aongeweost uijt 't Vaderlant de schepen Malacca 19, Oliphant 21, 
eiule 't Wapen van llollant 22 Feb: pass' mitsgaders t Wapen 
van Amsterdam ende Dombur^h op den 18*" Maert, Koukercken 
2, Provintie, Phenix, Coningh Davit, Maeght van Enckhuijsen 
ende Bloemendael te gelijck op den 3" April, als oock daema 
noch op den 11 ende 12^' de schepen der Goes ende F: Willem uijt 
Zeelant, weloke alle op haer reijso van *t Vaderlant tot hier 
weijnig volcq verloren hebben als namentlijc<i Malacca 4, Oliphant 
Ib, 't Wapen van llollant 2, Domb: 2, Wapen van Amst: 7, 
Koukercken 2, Provintie 7, .Phenix 5, Bloemendael 2, ende 
(Joninck Davidt noch Maecht van Enckhuijsen alsoock der (^l^oes 
niet een persoon ende P: Willem meede maer 3 ; edoch begost het 
ftcheurbmjck al vrij onder 't volc<i te oomen dat door overvloe<lige 
ververssinge weder van genosen wesendeop den 1 1*" ende uli'Mar- 
tio mitsgaders 2, 15 ende 21 April successive met fris ende geeont 
volcq voorts na Batavia verseijlt sijn, neffens eenige van de hier 
uijt de laest vertrocken scheepen verbleven geweest ende weder 
fraij gereoonvaUseert. 

Eer wij verder gaen ende heel affscheijden van de diei 
welcke hier souden cuunen getrocken worden van 't voo ie 

jacht cff fluijtjen hier te senden, soo compt ons in | i 
dewijle de West Indische Üomp* Brasil verloren hebbAn 
apparent ijder een vrij staet op Angola te handelen < 
d JE: Comp* te stabileren ware, altoos dunckt ons dai i 

L%rc. 



100 

1655. rice and ivory may bo obtained at differont places, especially at 
^athlpril. ^'*P^ Negro, and the yacht mentioue<l above might be itne*! for 
the purpose as far as Angola. Ijeaving with a south-east breeze 
it could always easily return to tho Cape 



We again enclose list of things required from home for 
Madagascar, and another of thin^cs required here. 



Those at Batavia do not want any civet oats ; they will not 
repay the trouble as they are small and yield little. The» freemen 
might do something in this line and also in the matter of 
collecting honey and wax. The bees are in abundance here and 
much hdney is found by the natives ; they are to*» lazy, however, 
to take care of the beee. Cans full are often brought oy the men 
from the forest. The freemen, if at all diligent, would conse- 
quently make something out of it, but as experience in other 
]»hu*es has shown that they are not romarkablo tor dilig<'nce. 



As the India Council has tlionght fit to keep tlie nionoy which 

[mss<*<l us per 7Vr iStZ/^V/w/y, because no coin w;is current liere. we 
)«*Hove that a little rash wonl<l he welcome t«> pay the men as in 
India and givr tlie marrie<l oHiirrs salaries, for the gn»ater con- 
venience of the <*ommander'8 table, as the wives and children of the 
oflBeers already number many, which is a heavy bunlen upon the 
commander, who cannot always satisfy the mahontents who 
believe that they an* always ill providel for ; so that the com- 
manders are often mor»» annoyed than please<l. If, therefore, they 
had their salaries and also small gardens they might help them- 



101 

lioül gootcoop slaven, rijs endo oliphants tandeu op sommige ^^^^• 
plaetseu insouderheijt aen Oabo Negro soude becomen 't welcke 28en April, 
alles met vers: jaebt off te iluijtjen langhs dese custe tot Angola . 
in oluijs soude eunnen vooreerst ondernomen ende besocht worden 
sullende altijt met de Z. Ooste winden in zee steeekende gevoegh- 
lijck weder tot hier ophalen ounnen, om soo voorts do Caep te 
orijgen na welgevallen. P^ memorie. 

Hicrvoren hebben ^estelt wat ons tot den Madagasoarsen handel 
uijt 't Yaderlant nodigh is 't weloke ooek in desen ^eslooten gaet 
pr. apparte memorie oft (e petitie daer dan oook bijgevought is 't 
gene ons alhier tot andere saecken endo gerieff meerder van doen 
sij endo ons aengedragen om desen niet al te langh te maecken. 

Van eevet katten hebben verleden jaer vergeten te sehriiven, 
odooh nae Batavia niet maer willen die daer niet hebben sijnde 
oook te veel moei j ten voor de Comp' alsoo se cleijn vallen endo 
wei juich geven maer souden misschien als voren aengeroert voor 
de vrije lieden beter oomen die der wel wat meerder moei j ten om 
doen souden als wei d' E. Comp' mits haer groote omslagh andort» 
wercks genoegh hebben gelijck mede van de honingh ende was 
hier apparent wel te succederen voor vrije huijsgesinnen alsoo do 
bijen hier in overvloet sijn ende bij de inwoonders al somtijts 
goet deel houigh gevonden wordt maer vallen te leuij om aen te 
queecken, ons bos volcq brengen somtijts oock heele cannen vol 
honigh uijt 't bos sulcx dat te vertrouwen is voor vrije luijden 
daer wel ijts mede uijt te proffij teren mochte vallen alse maer wat 
naersticheijt tot 't een ende 't ander wilden aenwenden, daer wij 
sorgen dat het meest aen haperen soude soo op sommige plaetsen 
d'exempelen al wel geleert nebben edoch tot haer eijgen nadeel 
principael. 

Dewijle d' Ed: II' Generael ende Iladen van India niet noodigh 
hebben g'acht t'gesonden geit pr. der Sohellingh verbij ende op 
Batavia geraeckt, weder herwaerts te resiqueeren omdat het daer 
ten dienste van d' E. Comp*" nodiger wisten t' employeren ende 
hier noch geen geit ganghbaer was, soo dunckt ons nochtans 
(onder verb^teringe) dat het niet quaet soude wesen hier eeni^e 
contanten quamen soo omme de luijden nae't gebruijck van India 
met halfi goet op reecq : te verstrecken als oock om de getroude 
officianten op oostgelden te stellen tot de meerder vrijigheijdt 
voor 't opperhooft diens taeffel mits der officianten vrou ende 
kinderen al vrij sterck ende voor denselven dapper onvrij valt 
dewijle dat sommige ongenoeghsame veel tijts voor vrou endo 
kinderen doch qualijck coutentement te geven sijn meenende 
dat haer altijt te cort geschiet, sulcx 't selve voor d' opper- 
hooilden dickwils meer quellinge causeert als wat deeghs 
wanneer dan haer oost gelden hadden, mitsgaders daer bij hun 
particuliere thuijntjes souden se hun daermede wel ounnen 
behelpen ende moeten te vrede blijven mitsgaders copen 



102 

I65d. selves very well and buy from the Compauy what they roquiro. 
28th ApriU The common pi»oi>le, however, bliould be continued to be supplied 
by the Company's cooks, to prevent their wasting their time in 
cooking, and thus retarding their work. 

The junior merchant, assistants, sick comforter, sergeant nud 
corporal woidd also like to receive pay in order to obtain better 
clothing for tlieir wives and children, also fine cotton socks, hats, 
boots, &c., from the ships; likewise some luxuries, and sueh 
thinffs as are not im^Kjrted by the Company and can only 1h> 
obtained with money. As long as no money is oorrent here, 
families would be most unwilling to live in such impeoimious 
quarters, for every one as soon as he arrives does his best to ge* 
awav as fast as he can. Tlie men also do not like to enter into a 
fresh contnict because they are not partly paid in money. We 
have therefore been forced to give their discharge to some who 
have served out Uijir time», and wore well trained m seal killing, 
ganlening, and other work. Wo havo to fdl their places with new 
comei-s, which jmts us back very much. Because we have no 
money we lose our best hands, every one continually begging to 
bo sent away. 



It is also a bother and very great expense to the Company that 
we are always saddled with a lot of people belonging to the ships, 
officers and men detained on shore often by bad weather, and who 
are to Ik) fed from the Company's supplies. It would not do to 
Marvo them, and as no one knows bHDlorohand what the wcftthor 
will bt», their fooil is also piei>ared on board. We often have 2iK) 
and more on shore who are to be fed with iK)rk and bread, a most 
exi»eiisive fooil which makes the costs of this place to swell greatly. 



Besides all the skip|»ers and other officer? , their wives and children 
coming to refresh themselve« on shore can only go to the com- 
mander for food and drink. This entails a great expense on the 



103 

liaroii uootdruft voor guit oiido op ri*oc4 : uijt (Jomp^ magaflijnoii ^^*'^* 
miier voor den gemooneu voloque magli wol gocontinuoert wordcm 28,.„'A,,rii. 
door Comp' cock genenielijck na scheops gebruijok to laten 
schaffi'n audors heeft ijder te veel tijt yan doen om voor siohsolffs 
te koockeu tiide smoocken waerdoor al te grooton verlet in *t 
noodighe Comp' werck soade geeauseert worden. 

800 souden deeelve, namentlijck ondereoopman, afisistontcn, 
Ni ckiai trooster, sargeant, corporael, mede dek gaeme wat geit op 
reec(| : genieten om daarvoor ten behoeve van vrou ende kinderen 
wat beter ende fijnder laocken stoff, fijn gaem, cousen, hoeden, 
schoenen &o' te coopen van d' aencomende scheepen als mcede 
eenige versnapt'ringh &c* mi^t deselvo uijtconiende ende door d* E : 
Comp" juijst niet gefk)ndeu wordende mitsgaders oock sender gelt 
niet to erijgen wesende. 

Ende soo lange hier geen geit oragaet hebben wij 't vertrouwen 
dat de huijsgesinnen oook te minder genegentheijt sullen erijgen 
om op 600 een geldeloos pat te oomen woonen want niemant hoo 
ha^st hier aen laut oomt te leggen oft wil om die oorsaecko halven 
al datelijck we<ler wegh. 

Oook sou bevinden wij dat niemant sigh de Novo wil verbinde.» 
om dat ter niet een maent geit oft 2 op do hant oan gegeven wor- 
den sulex <lat wij daeromme al eenige hebben moeten met debr 
s(»lie» iHii (haer tijt uitgedient sijnde) verlossen die aen de robbeii- 
vanghst, plantagies ende andere nodige wercken fraij gedressi'urt 
waren ende ons weder tot veraohteringe met nieuwelingen sullen 
moeten behelpen, soo dat ons de bequaemste instrumenten tot 
uijtvoerin^e van wat goets om de geldeloosheijt deeer plaetso *t 
elckens uiit de hand vallen elek maer even seer trachtende ende 
ons aen d ooren bellende om al voorts wegh te wesen. 

Soo valt ons mede seer moeijelijok ende d' E. Comp* tot noch toe 
oook niet min costelijok dat wij alle dagen van d' aencomende schee* 
pen groeten aenval ende veel volcqs op den hals hebben niet alleen 
van d* officianten maer bijsonderlijck van den gemeenen voloque 
die veel tijts door quaet weer sommige dagen verweeren ende voor 
moet geschaft worden uit (Jomp* magasijnen alsoo men se geen 
honger can laten lijden, wel is waer dat het d' E: Comp" eveneens ia 
waer hun volcq eet, maer dewijl men 't weer niet in de handt heeft 
soo wort echter des niet te min scheeep ('t volcq altijt wachtende) 
geschaft ende bier aen landt oock niet op toegeleijdt sulox dat de- 
zelve dan somtijts wel tot 200 persoenen of! meer sterok nader 
veel schepen leggen hier verwerende met speek ende broot moeten 
gevoet worden welcke durable victualie tot sulckx wat oooteijck 
ende daer door de consumptie deser plaetse oock to grooter valt. 

Item oock ten aensien dat alle de schippers, cooplieden, predican- 
cauteu, siuckenti-oosters. vrouwen, ende kinderen als oook alle 
andere officianten van de scheepen tut stuijrluijdeu ende adriatiii* 
ten ja, somtijts uoek wel barbiers ende sargeanteD in duijt haer 



104 

1665. Company, and causes a large consumption of tlio bost provisionsy 
2Sib Amii. ^^®» ^^-9 ^^^ P^^ ^^0 commander out a great deal. 



To relieve the commander of all these troubles, it would be good 
to have an inn where every one could get what he wants for 
money. The innkeeper might be supplied by the Company. 



If, however, matters arc to remain as they are, we require for 
the table 5 or (i dozen tin plates, 3 or 4 dozen assorted tin dishes, 
i} doz. largo and 1 doz. small basins, also gravy dishes, salt cellars, 
mustard pots, &t* , in proportion. A great quantity of table 
napkins and cloths is wasted, as every one carries away what he 
can in napkins and dishes, thinking that it is the property of the 
Company. 

If every one had to find himself ho would also be obliged to use 
his own things and look after them. For us it is simply im- 
I)08sible to prevent these peccadilloes as could be done in a 
private housenold. 

In accordance with your letter of the 15th April last year 
we expected to be relieved for India and placed in a better 
l>o8ition to reward us for the great trouble witü which we had to 
start and establish everything here, and which has not ^et 
ended ; but we have now lived here three years without finding 
that your promises have been realized, and moreover, a full year 
will elapse before we can receive an answer, so that in this wajr the 
whole of the o years' agreement with ourselves shall have ^piied, 
Hix?ut in a miserable place like this where we have had nothing but 
hard work, where good refreshments can be obtained, but where 
we are much annoyed ; as there are so many kinds of people calling 
here whom it is diflSoult to please, though doinff our best, as the 
well disposed will be able to tell you. We therefore not only 



105 

aen landt oomende vermaeoken ende verfrineu norgeuB weten te ^^' 
loopen offte eten ende drincken als aen 't opperhoofto taefel voon : asm April. 
tot grooten aenval Tan denaelyen aware oneoeten voor d* E : 
Com]^* ende niet wei j nigh conaumptie in de beaten proviaie wijn 
4^mitagader8geen eleijne onvrijigheijdt ende moeijelijddieijdt 
voor 't opperhoofft. 

Omme van weloke onooaten d. E : Gomp*' ende van de gemelte 
onvrijigheijdt ende grooten aenval oock 't opperhooft dan t* 
ezimeren ona onder oorrectie niet vreempt sonde danoken een or- 
dinaris gemaeckt wierdt omme aldaer elck voor sijn gelt te laten 
tnoteren van eeu waert die sijn behoefte ten dien eijnde voor gelt 
uijt 't magasijn sonde halen ofte snlokx anders aU UEd : sonde 
mogen beter goet vinden ende aen ons ordonneren te behoren 
waerop dan gaeme oock UEd : ordre snllen in waohten om ons 
na te mogen reguleren. 

Ende soo UEd : verstaen 't selve te sullen moeten blijven als 
tot nooh geweest is, soo sonde voor de taeffel wel dienen geacmdon 
ten minsten 5 & 6 dosijn tinne tafelborden, 3 a 4 dosijn gesorteerde 
d"* sohootcb 6 d" groote ende l dosijn cleijne oommen, neffens 
sauoierkens, sout vaten, moster potten &* Tadvenant watter dan oock 
daar en boven van linnen tot servetten ende taef fellaeokens wert 
geoonsumeert bedraeght mede geen cleijnt jen alsoo elok maar in 
servetten ende met schotels wegh dragen wat se cunnen, denokende 
'tis Comp« goet ende als elok op sijn ei j gen moeat leven sal 
ijder 't sijne moeten gebmijcken ende daer als dan wat beter op 
toeaien sijnde ons niet mogeujok op alle soodanige pikedilletjea 
soo naeuw te letten als wel op een particuliere huijshoudinghe 
te doen is. 

Alhoewel wij tot heden 't elokens al in hope siin geweest omme 
nae UEd : aen ons gedane toesegginge p' deiselver missive van 
den 15 April a'* passato van dese plaetse verlost ende na India 
getransporteert te worden tot wat beter empleo ende versoetinge 
van de groote moeijelijckheijdt in dit beginnende werok alhier 

Shadt ende noch niet innemende, item ooSk dat wij al over de 
ie jaeren hier hebben gecontinueert sender nochtans eenigh 
gevolch van voorg^elte UEd : aengename toeeegginffe te ver- 
nemen ende eer wij op desen derselver antwoorde weder ounnen 
crijgen oook al een gimsch jaer oft meer staan aen te loopeni 
in|pevolge soo doende bijna onse gantsche vijff jarigh verbandt ten 
eijnde te raecken ende dat hier aen dese eensame verdrietige 
plaetse daer wij aU geeeijt tot noch toe in ^^rooten moeijelijckheijdt 
van arbeijt hebben gelegen ende bovendien eene plaetse is wel 
goet van ververssinge voor UEd : gaende ende oomende scheepen, 
maer insonderheijdt geen cleijne steen des aenstoots voor ons 
vermits hier veelder lumde luijden comende, ijder een (discrete 
buijten) qualijck genoegen te geven is hoewel daartoe ffenoegh- 
saem ons beste doen gelijck vertrouwen alle discrete luijdcn oock 



106 

1^6.1. request but respectfully pray that in auswcr to this wo may be 
28th April. ^^'^^ ^^^^^ V^^ ^^v® graciously permitted us to proceed to India 
and :i more lionounible and better employment, as a recompense 
for the great trouble and inconvenience, &o., suffered here 
especially in the commencement. You will also remember that 
tlio agreement was made that we would be relieved when the fort 
was completed. This has not only been done but we have 
brought it so far that many other matters are being completed, 
wliilst there is an abundance for the ships. Also the expenses 
here are more than twice defrayed by the seal fishery, &c. 



Therefore, as you do not care about undertaking anything else 
here, another might easily be appointed. However, to show not 
only that we appreciate your favours, but also more fullv to 
deserve them because of our pure love for the Company, and like- 
wise to prove that it is all the same to us where we serve as long 
as we give satisfaction, we do not in this press you for our relief, 
but volunteer to remain here to the end of the 5 years, hoping 
that then you may think of our promotion suoh as wo are deserving 
of, and you may be sure that though placed in a humble position 
— as we are deemed by some to be in — we have done our duty 
faithfully, and will do the same when placed in a liigher position. 



We trust that at the end of our five years matters''will be so far 
advanced here tliat another mav easily carry them on, especially 
one who has Ix^en with us from the commencement, viz., the jimior 
Merchant, F. Yerburgh, i.e., if he conducts himself as he is doing 
now, or another may tie a2>pointed whom you deem more suitable*. 

(Signed) J. vax Biebeeck. 

In the Fort, 28th Aprü, 1655. 



107 

wel sollen getuijgen ende wij dierhaiven wel souden genegen ^^'** 
weten op 't alderoitmoedighste niet alleen te versoeoken ; nemaer 2S«ii April. 
oodc met alle eerbiedicheijt te bidden dat wij dooh op deeen 
mochten geworden UEd : goetjonstidieijdt van verplaetsinge na 
India tot wat honorabler ende beter empleo voor de groote 
moejeUjekheijdt ende ongemack &c' hier bijaonderlijck in den 
beffinne geleden ten aensien tTEd : apparent oobk noch wel 
indaohtign aijn de conditie was gemaeckt dat wij souden verloet 
worden soo baeet 't fort in sijn wallen opgemaeckt ware dat niet 
alleene nu al in effectu is maer jegenwoordigh oock soo verde 
door Oodes hulpe gebracht dat vele an£re saeoken mede 
op de gangh sijn, ende overvloedige ververssinge voor 
Ü£d : aenoomende scheepen ffenoegh ; mitsgaders boven 
al dat d' oncosten van 't guamisoen jaerlijcx dubbelt over 
te vinden ui it de robben van^hst alleen &c* invougen WaI : 
hier niet veel anders voor hebbende *t selve apparent wel door 
een and' met gemaok soude cunnen nagevolglit worden, soo is *t 
nochtans niet jegenstaende dit alles dat wij echter evenwel om 
derselver gunste t* onserwaerts niet alleen nodich te conserveren ; 
maer oock omme die noch te meer te mogen winnen uijt lieffle 
tot de Ed : Comp' ende omme te bethoonen dattet ons even eens 
is waer wij deselve dienen als wij maer cunnen genoegen geven, 
dat wij UEd : bij desen niet hebben willen om verlost te 
worden importuijn vallen, maer goetwillichlijck presentereu 
te continueren tot d*expiratie van ons verplichte ende lopoudu 
vijff jarigh verbant op infalible hoope ende vast vertrouwen 
UEd : ons als dan oock sullen gelieven gedaohtigh te wesen, 
met soodanigh advancement ende empleo als levenden sal 
worden ons persoon te meriteren ende gelieven UEd : oock niet 
te twijffelen ofFt soodanigh wij ons hier in 't deijne (van som- 
mige dooh 800 maer g*eetimeert) hebben geoomporteert ende 
nodi hoopen te doen dat ons in't meerder oock ^^aeme soo sullen 
trachten te dragen met hoope dat het tegen 't mjtgaen van voor- 
noemde ons verbant hier wel sulekx vorder in ordre sal wesen 
dattet als voren aengevoert alsdan door een ander met gemaok 
ffenoeoh sal cunnen nagevolght worden insonderheijt van soo- 
danigh eene die van den be^ne hier bij ons aen *t werok is 
geweest als namentlijck den hier sijnde onder ooopman Fredrick 
Yerburgh, verstaende iugevalle sigh blijft oomrorteren als tot 
heden gedïaen heeft welcke dan oft ijmaut anders die UEd : 
mochten bequamer oordeelen wij oock wel met sulcke informatie 
op UEd : ordre souden cunnen version laten dat UBd : nodigen 
dienst apparent mecde wel voorts gevordert soude worden. 

Uiermede dan 

Ed : erntfeste ffroot achtbare, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer be* 
echeijdeiie ilcerou. 



108 



ifj.3. N.B.— The ships take 83,165 seal skins. 

•JSth April. 



ItequiflitioD for the Cape : 

1 yacht or flute with 10 or 12 pieces for trade with Mada- 
gascar, &o., the galioLis being too small. 

8 or 10 donkeys soot hither from St. Yinoeut. 

Some flat staves of iroo. 

Some borax to tinline kotties, pans, itc. 

10 or 12 reams of paper, 2 of largo size, and further stationery 

3 or 4 goo4l seins, lines and fish hooks. 

1000 lb.s. tobacco, as tliis urticle rots faster than it is sold. 

20 lbs. glue required for Tarious puq>oses. 

Some currant and gooseberry, also cherry and other trees 

in tubs filled with earth. 
Some briar seeds — those per Gomhblocin not having arrived. 

For Madagascar : 

Some flat thin iron staves like thick broad leaguer hoops. 

4 or 5 boxes of cheap beads. 

8omo {HX^ket and Nuromb<Tg looking glasses. 
1000 needles, among them some sail needles. 
Some strings of cut cirstals. 
Some Uu^ imitation blood coral, round and oval. 
Some blue beads and some painted. 



109 

Mijn Hoeren, 

UEd. na onse alderoitmoedighste gebiedenisse ende gansoh 1055. 
dienBtige groete Qode in genaden bevolen latende met toe- 2801110111 
wenBohinge van voorspoet in derselver lofEelijcke^ Indische 
saecken Ac** sullen ten besluijten op 't hooghste ten eiinde voor- 
melt in haer vermogende gunsten ende goede gratie altijt gere- 
comandeert laten. Onderstont. 

UEd: alderoitmoedighsten ende onderdanigen 

dinaeren, ende was getoijokent 

Jan van Bibbeeck. 

In't Fort de Goede Ilope aen Cabo 

de Boa Esperanoe, den 28 April 1655. 

Mot dese scheepen gaen 
33165 robben vellen achter 
volgende d' jngeleijde oog- 
nossementen. 



Petitie voor de Gaep. 

1 jacht of fluijtjen met 10 d, 12 stuckjens tot den handel ende 

vaert op Madagascar, Mauritius &(f^ alsoo galijots te oleijn 

sijn. 
8 ^ 10 esels met d"* oft eenigh ander jacht empassant in de uijt- 

reijsen van St. Vincent te brengen. 
Eenige platte staven ijser. 
Wat Doracx om ketels ende pannen te vertinnen. 
10 a 12 riem pampier daer onder ten minsten 2 riem groot for- 

maet ende vorder schrijfttuijgh. 

3 }i 4 goede zegens met wat vislijuen ende hoecken. 
1000 U). taback alsoo se meer verrot als verhandelt wort. 

20 Ib. lijm tot verscheijden saecken nodighendetepasoomende. 
Wat aci ende cruijsbesien. Item kerse ende andere boomtjes in 

balijs mot aerde geset. 
Ooek wat doomsaet alsoo dat van de Goutsblom vermist ia. 

Voor Madagascar. 

Eenige platte dunne isere staven als dioke breede legger hoepen. 

4 u 5 cassen met allerhande slechte ooralen als bij 't vertooghjen 

van Sr. Verburgh ende onse missive van A° pass® gemelt is. 
Partije bouok ende Neurenber^r spiegeltjes. 
10 0=naelden, daeronder eeniffe seijmaelden. 
Eenige kettinghs oft masen geuepen cristal. 
Partije groote fau9e bloet corael rond ende langhwerpigh. 
Do. blauwe coralen ende oock eenige gesohildert. 



110 

'*^^'^- 50 oommon scissors and knivos. 

28th^pril. 5Ö large copper round bells. 

Carpenters' tools, &o., as specified in the letter. 

Cloth, serge, &c. 

1 round iron for the smith's bellows. 

List of medioinos. 



List of papers given to Hon. van Goens, commander of the fleet 
-sent per Parel to the Directors at Amsterdam : — 



1. Original letter dated 28th April, 1655. 

2. Requisition for the Cape. 

3. Continuation of Cape Journal. 

4. „ of „ Resolutions. 

5. Copy of notes taken by 7 men who entered the country 

50 miles. 

6. Copy of notes taken by certain ships which had called at 
Tristan da Cunha in Feb., 1643. 

.7. Three brief journals of the voyage to the East of the 
Cape, Madagascar, and St. Helena — last and this year 
— by the skipper of the Talp. 

8. The same — long and short — ^by the chief officer of the 
Tulp, Likewise one of St. Helena, 1654. 

II. Ledgers of the fort, 1655. 

10. Statements of expenditure. 

1 1. Invoices despatched. 

12. Affidavit regarding rotten tobacco. 

13. Placcaten of the fort 

14. Confessions and interrogatories. 

15. Criminal and Civil Roll. 

16. Sentenoes. 

17. Pay books of the Fort. 

18. Ship's books of the Tulp. 

19. Journal and statement from the books of the Rooile Voa. 

20. Charts of the coasts and bays to the East of the Cape. 

21. „ of Madagascar. 

22. Invoice of the seal skins, &c., in the Pare/y &o. 



93 



111 

50 eenige deohte soheeren ende d^ messen. i^^- 

50 groote copere ronde bellen ende do. sohelletjes, ^ 28eii April. 

Tiimnerwerok ^o* voor de taeffel gesorteert als bij onse 

generale missive gespeoifioeert. 
Laken, ohargie ^rc" als in onse vorige missive gemelt. 
1 Oogh ijser voor de smits blaesbalck. 
Catalogus van medicamenten. 

Register van de Pampleren iu handen van d' E. Hr. Rijekloff 
Van Goons, Raet Extra ordinaris van India ende Com- 
mandeur over dese jaorse retour vloto pr. 't sohip de 
Pari, gedirigoert aen d* Ed: II"* Bowinthebberen van de 

generflJe Nederlantsche g'octioijeerde Oost Indisohe 
k)mp" ter vergadoringe van 1?" voor de Camer Amster- 
dam. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen haer opgemelto Ed; dato 28 
April 1655. 
,» 2. Petitie voor de Caep. 

3. Yervoloh van 't Kaapsoh daghregister. 

4. Do. van de resolution. 

5. Copii aenteijokeninge gehouden bij 7 personen die 50 
nujlen 't lant ingeweest sijn. 

6. Do. van seeoker schip geweest aen Tristao de Cunha in 
Febr: 1643. 

7. Drie oort gehouden joumaels van do voijagie b'oosten 
de Caep, Madagascar ende 8t. Helena, van verleden 
ende dese jaere van de schipper van *t galjot de Tulp. 

8. Do. in *t langh ende oort van de reijs b'oosten' de Caep 
gehouden van de opperstuijrman desselven galjots, 
item 1 van St. Helena oook in *t lange des jaers 1654. 

9. Negotie bouokjes van 't Fort de Goede lloope des 
jaers 16or>. 

Specificatie bouckjen van oncosten. 

Afgesondene Cognossementen. 

Attestatie van hoorven olooster tabaok. 

Placcaten van 't Fort do Qoede 1 looj)e. 

Confessien ende Interrogatorien. 

Criminele ende Civile Kol. 

Sententien. 

Soldije boueken van 't fort voorsz : 

Soheeiis d** van 't galjot de Tulp. 

Joumael ende oohier uijt de boueken van de Rode Vos. 

Caertjes van de cust ende baijen b*oosten de Caep. 

do van Madagascar. 
Comoseementen van de robben vellen &c^ in de 

schepen Pari, P: Roijal, Dolphijn, üidion, Ter Toltn, 

Louijse ende Dort. 





10. 




Jl. 




12. 




ia. 




14. 




15. 




16. 




17. 




18. 




19. 




20. 




21. 




22. 



112 

^^^^' 23. Letter of the siok ooraforter. 

28th April. '^^^ Ships' accounts of said ships Parel^ &o. Seven letten of 

the oflScers of the ships to the Chamber Am^rdam. 



Tiist of documents sent per the Tn- Tohn to the Chamber of 17 
for the Chamber Zealand : — 



1. Pareel of letters and papers left behind last year. 

2. Original letter to the 17, dated 28th April, 1655. 

3. Requisition for the Cape. 

4. Copy of despatches of 1654. 

5. Cape Journals. 

6. „ Besolutions. 

7. Statement of Yerburffh regarding the voyage to the East 
of the Cape and Maaagasoar per the Tulp, 

8. Three short joumalB of said voyage and 2 to St. Helena 
and back kept by the skipper of tne Tufp, 

9. Ledgers of the Cape trade. 

10. Statement of expenses. 

1 1. Extract from the pay books of the fort. 

12. „ „ ship^s books of the Tulp. 

13. „ „ „ of Rootle VoM. 

14. Cliarts of the coast to the east of the Cajie. 

15. „ Madagascar. 

16. Invoice of seal skins shipped in Ter Toleti and Tioiit/f^r. 

17. Ships* accounts of said vessels. 

. . . Letters of ships which have touched here, for the 
Chamber, Zealand. 

list of papers sent per Parel for Chamber Hoorn, &o. : 

1. Original letter to the same, dated 28th April, 1655. 

2. Ships' books of the Roode Vat. 

3. Extract from the pay books of the Fort. 

4. „ », ship's books of the Dilp. 



113 

No. 23. Een briefken van den sleoken trooster. ^^^•'^• 

„ 24. Scheeps reeoq : van d schepen Pari, P: Roijal, Dol. 2s^„*April. 
phijn ende (xidion, 7 stx. bneven van de opper booir« 
den der gepasseerde soheepen aeu de Camer Amsterdam. 

Register van de pampierenp 't sohip Ter Tolen 
gedirigeert aen d' K. Hrn. Bewinthebberen 
van de Generale Nederlantse g*ootroijeerde 
Oost Indische Comp- ter vergaderingo van 
de 17" voor de Gamer Zeelant. 

No. 1. Packet brieven ende pampieren van 't vorige jaer 

achter gebleven. 
„ 2. Originele missive aen haer opgemelte Ed : dato 28 

Aijril 1655. 
„ 3. Petitie voor de Caep. 
„ 4. Copie affgesondene missive des jaers 1654. 
,, 5. Oaeps daghregis^ers. 
„ 6. do. resolution. 
„ 7. Vertoogh ende resolutien van den ondercoopman 

Verburgh gedaen wegen de voijagie b*oosten de Caep 

ende Madagascar pr. do Tulp. 
„ tS. Drie coite journalen van voors: reijse ende 2 na St. 

Helena ende wederom, gehouden bij den schipper van 

*t galjot de Tulj). 
„ 1). Negotie bouekjes van de Kaapse handel. 
„ 10. Specificatie bouckjen van onoosten. 
„ 11. Cohier uijt de soldije boucken van 't Fort de Goede 

Hoope. 
„ 12. Cohier uijt de scheeps boucken van de Tulp. 
„ 13. do. uijt de Bode Yos. 
„ 14. Oaertjet van de oust b'oosten de Oaep. 
„ 15. do. van Madagascar. 
„ 16. Cognossement van de robben vellen &xf in Ter Tolen 

ende Louijse. 
„ 17. Scheepsreeoq : van oncoaten van Ter Tolen ende Louijse. 
„ . . stx brieven van de aen de Caep gewesene soheepen aen 

de Camer Zeelant. 

Register van de pampieren pr. 't sohip de Pari 
voor de Oamer Hoorn, etc. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen haer opgemelte Ed : dato 28 
April iri55. 
„ 2. Scheeps boucken van *t galjot de Boode Vos. 

3. Cohier uijt de soldije lK>aoken van 't fort de Goede 
Hoope. 
„ 4. D* mjt de scheeps boucken van 't galjot da Tulp. 

I 



114 



\m. Liet of papers Bent per Dort to the Chamber Delft :— 

-8Mi April. 

1 . Original letter dated as aboye. 

2. Invoice of the seal skins, &c. 

3. Ships' accounts. 

List of papers sent per PrinccHs Royal to the Chamber, Rotter- 
dam : — 

1 . General letter as above. 

1 iist of papf»rs, &c., sent per Parrl to the Chamber, Enckhuysen : 

1 . Original letter us above. 

2. Invoice. 



Instructions for tlio officers of the Tulp ready to start for S» 
IlelfMia with th<» return fltM»t commanded by the Hon. v. Goens : 



As the lion. van. Go<'OS has allowed this galiot to go in eoni- 
jiany with th(» Heet to St. llelena to oatch the horses, there, and as 
no others hav«* been received from Batavia, whiJst tliey are indis- 

iiensable her»», for various pur^joses, you shall procee<l with the 
Ion. V. Goens and submit to his orders, &.Q. 

In the Fort, 28th April, lGo5. 

(Signe<l) J. V. Hibbkkck. 



115 



Rdgièter van dé pampieren p *t Bohip Dort aen 
de Ganier Delft. 

No. 1. Brie£f origineel datum uta : ^^^ 

„ 2. Cognof seinen t van de robben vellen, &o\ 28©ix April. 

„ 3 Soheeps reeoq : 

k Register van de pampieren, to\ pr. 't sohip 
P. Royal aen de Uamer Rotterdam. 

No. 1. Generale missive dato voorsz : 



Register van de pampieren, &c*, p' de Pari aen 
de Oamer Enokhnijsen. 

No. 1. Originele misaive dato ala boven. 
„ 2. Cognossement 



Memorie voor d'opperhooffden van 't galjot de Tulp 
^ereet leggende omme van hier te gaen na St. 
Helena met de retour vloote in ('orop' onder 't 

S^sagh ende Commando vau d' E. h' Rijokloff van 
oens, Kaed van India eude Commandeur van 
deeelve vloote. 

Dewijle sijn E. voormelt op onse versoeoken heeft toegestaen 
dit galjot mede te laten in Comp' varen na 't eijlant voornoemt 
omme aidaer met hulpe van desseLffs vloota voloq te laten opvangen 
de paerden die op dat eijlant loopen ende deselve met 't selve galjot 
herwaerta terugh te senden, dewijle sulox bij die van de vorige retour 
jaohten niet is geschiet geworden, noohte mot desen vlote oook 
gene van Batavia beoomen hebben deweloke ons alhier soo nodioh 
als broot in den mond sijn tot verscheijden wercken &o* soo sullen 
UI: haer dan op d' ordre van voorsz: Mijnheer van Goens bevorderen 
met sijn E. vloote ten eijnde voorsz : meede 't seijl te gaen ende 
wijders hebben te volgen soodanige ordre ala opgemelte sijn E. u 
sal gelieven te geven waermede 171 : dan geluok ende behouden 
reijse blijven toewensohen. 

In 't fort de Goede Hoope den 28 April 1655. 

Waa geteijekent, Jan van Risbkick. 

l2 



Batavia. 

To the India Council. 



116 

No. 109. 



1655. Our last containing nothing important was sent per Prms 

«th May WiUnu and dated 27th Ai>ril last, whirh with the ships under 
lion. y. Ooens is still waiting for a favouittble wind. Van Goens 
will wait for the Bmla and King of Poland at St. Helena. All 
the ships have Wn well sujpjilied with vegetables and taken a 
good quantity with them. The Ttiïp also took a good lot for the 
Breda and King of Poland, The galiot takes the skins which the 
other ships could not take, to be transhipped into the Breda and 
King of Poland^ and is to bring back the horses running on tlie 
island, for use here. The Rooih Van which takes this nas been 
deemed the fittest for the waters of Formosa, being exeeedingl}'^ 
strong and a good filler, having been thoroughly repaired at 
Ifauritias. Hope you are satisfied with thi» arrangement. The 
Hon. van Ooens's letters will inform you of affairs here. H«* 
carefully inspected everything. 



Ymi also re^^eived copy of our letter t<» the 17, we trust that 
tin* contents agnt* with your views. Should you me<'t with any 



117 

No. 109. 
Batavia. 

Aeu J* Ed. Ilrii. Uouvorueur-üeueraol, oude radun van India 
pr. 't galjot do Ruode Vob, ge^ : 

Ed: erntfeete, man haf te, wel wij se, voorsieuigo seer diaoreto 
lleereu. 

MiJD lleeren, 

Ons jonghste vau soudorliugli geen eniporto is gewei'st pr. 't i«'>5. 
Bt'hip Prins Willem gedateert 27 April veriedeu leggende noch genliei. 
bimeffens d* £d : I Ir. van Goeus mot de eoheepeu ende jaohten 
Pari, P : lloijaely Oidion, Dolphijn, Ter Tolen, Louijse ende 
Dordrecht ie wachten op een goeaen wint omme namenti : F : 
Willem na Batavia ende de Hr. van Goens met sijn vloote te seij- 
len ua 8t. Helena ende aldaor de 2 resterende scheepen Breda ende 
Coningh van Polen (tot heden hier niet versoheenen) te vinden 
ofTto in te waohttrn, sijnde alle de gemelte scheepen hier van de 
thiiijüvniohton overvloedigh vervorscht ende op de reijse vrij wat 
minlo gegeven als oock paraje gescheept voor de gemelte scheepen 
Breda ende Coningh van Polen in *t f^^idjot de Tiup door gedachte 
sijn E • op fristeren vooraf na St. Helena g'ordonneert met last 
dewijle denselveu door den laughduijrigen N. weste winden belet 
blijft bijn reijse to vtTVolgen, dat de scheepen Breda ende Coningh 
van Idolen daer misschien al wesende tot de verschei jninge van 
sijn E: aen St. Helena sullen blijven leggen wachten ende om 
geen reden met hun beijden onderstaen van daer na 't Yaderlant 
to vertrecken, item oock om de pr. de Tulp gescheepte vellen over 
te nemen ende om tijt te winnen oock de paerden met hulp van 
baer scheeps volcq op te vangen ende hier te laten brengen de- 
wijl der die van de vooraff vertrocken jachten niet toe hadden 
euunen resolveren. 

Sijnde 't galjot de Boode Vos (waarmede deae gaet) na gedane 
visite g*oordeelt 't bequamste te wesen voor Tajouanse vaerwi^ 
vermits sijn extraordinaire sterokte ende is oook beter beaeiilt 
geworden als voor deaen ten aensien van een sohegge, die der 
a pass" op Mauritius onder aen de iteve gebracht is ralcz dit wij 
willen hopen UEd : hier adu genoegen sullen nemen 't welcke te 
sijner tijt aengenaem hopen te horen ende hoe sidli de saaéken 
hier wijders toedruen endegelc^n sijn sullen ons refereren aen^t 
schrijven van d' Ed. Hr. Van Goens pr. Prins Willem vooras: 
weloke van alles scherpe opmerckinge ende inspectie genomen 
heeft. 

Soo gaet oock hier neilens do oopie onsi*r generale missive 
gesz : aun de Urn. 17" in't Vadorlant omme bij UEd: te mogen 
weiden geBiH)ouloort wat wij aun dcbelve hoer Ed : sijn schrijvende 



118 

1666. errors please excuse them, as our object is at all times to work for 
6th May. ^^^ ^^^^ interests of the Company, Ac. 



To gain more favour with our masters wo have offered to serve 
out our 5 years here altogether and trust that tliis may also be a 
pleasure to you and that vou may think of a good employment 
lor us when we leave this for India. We beg your powerful 
favour for the purpose. 



The provisions per Kabeljauw have been received in good order. 
We thank you for the care you have shown for us— we would have 
been glad if we had received more than 10 leaguers arrack, for the 

Ïuantity will be too small — nearly 4 or 5 leaguers are used for the 
iotteutoos if there is a chance of bartei*. We shall therefore not 
be able to treat them so liberally this year, and be obliged also to 
diminish the daily supply to our men. Spanish wine will also 
have to be taken from the ships for rations. We therefore ask to 
be in future supplied with mure arrack which is very acceptable to 
the men in cold weather. 



Would also like to have some finer linen than the Guinea sort. 
The officers are now verv much in want of it for shirts, &c. 
Would like to have some MouriS| Salampouris or such stuff. 



We beg to get the sugar in casks, as in the canisters it melts away 
so much that we hardly receive a quarter of the quantity shipped. 
Wo might otherwise have had enough for 3 or 4 years with the 
l^autity sent. 

We cut this short that the galiot may be in time for the Formosa 

tnide. 

• 

The two brass cannons we have sent liome per Parel — you reouivo 
I iron ones of 6 lbs. and 49 barrels of muskets as per invoice. 



(Signed) J. v. Ribbebck. 
In the Fort, 6th May, 1655. 



119 

*tweloke hooj)en alles mut UEd: goede intentie over deee saeckeu i^^- 
meost Bal comen te aooordeeren ; odooli dewijle het soo nauw oft o^.n'jiei. 
oven juist qualijok te treffen oft te passen is als wij wel genegen ■'^ 
tiijn te doen soo versoeoken seer dienstelijk in 'tgene abuiis oft 
erreur mochte weeou UEd. ous gelieven t' excuseren als hebbende 
niet anders voor dan na dorselver wijser als ons oordeel ons beste 
vlijt to doen tot den moosten dionst van d' Ed. Comp'. 

Bij welcke missive (JEd : oock sullen lesou hoe dat wij oiu der 
Hm : Mrs. gunste te moer te winnen hebben gepresouteert ons 
5-jarigh verbandt alhior voloomen uijt te dionen op oook inf alible 
hope ende vertrouwen UEd. 'tsolvebijsonderlijck mede aeugonaem 
weeën sal, mitsgaders te meer geuegen maeeken omme daertegen 
overeomeude voor ons op ei;n goet empleo in India te denoken 
waertoe mij vooruomeiitlijoq derselvor vermogoude guost blijven 
versoeoken. De provisie C^o* pr. de Cabeljau gesonden siju ons 
achtervolgen^ de faotura wel becumou ITE : bedauckende voor do 
goede sorge over ons dragende ; weuschte maer eenelijck dat wat 
lueor als de gesondeuo 10 leggers aracq hadden beoomou alsoo 
ons deselve wat sober vallen sal dewijle bijna wel 4 a 5 leggers 
voor de Uottentoos (wat handel vallende) nodioh hebbou die der- 
lialven deeen jare soo heel libdrael daer meede uiot sullen cuuuen 
trakteren ende ons volo<j ons dagolijox rantsoen oook moeten 
besnijden; ende oohter nooti al Spaeuse wijn tot voloq rantsoen 
gelicht worden. Versoeoken dierhalveu seer gedienstigh ons in 
l^eoomende wat meer ai*aoq magh gesoaden worden, se oompt in de 
koude *t voloq sekers niet 't onpas. 

Ondor de oieeden wensohten meede wat fijnder linnen gehadt te 
hebben als gunees lijwaet als>o d* otUoiautea jegenwoordigh daer- 
omme heel verlegen blijven om eea hemt oft ijts van te maeeken 
des meede als vooren dienstelijok versouoken om oook wat fijnder 
lijwaet gelijok als mouris salmpouris of diergelijoke bij petitie 
^^esteit. 

De suijoker vers>eoken oitmoediohlijck dat ons na desen mede 
ia vaten mach toegjionden worden, dewijle deselve in de oanassers 
iDO wegh smelt dat wij het 4* part met over crijgen souden anders 
im de gesonden partij e wel 3 a 4 j^er genoeg ti nebben, p' memorie 
' jdd dese dus oort aftoreeokende om UEi : iu haeste dit galjot toe 
^e senden ten eijnde 'tselve na derseiver iutentie nooh vroegh 
genoegh m)ohte oomen tot het Tajowaose vaarwater^ 

De ^ metalen stuoken siju na UEl: ordre p' de Parl| na 'i 
Vaderlant gelargoest, eude gaea kierbij noju 2 isero van 6 ib. 
eude 49 stx loopen van musquets ende voors meede na Batavia 
achter volgende t cognossement in desen geslooten. Hiermede, 
i!«d : emtfeste, manhaffte, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer besoheijdene 
heeren. Mijn Ueeren, 

Willen wij UEd: na onae oitmoedige gebiedenesse ende 
seer dienftige groete (ïode in genaden bevolen ende in denelrer 



120 



6th May. 



Hequisitiou for the Cape from India : — 

10 or 12 donkeys. 

'20 lasts rioe. 

25 leaguers arraok. 

3 or 4 picols white sugar in casks or boxes. 

4 piools wax. 

1 piool pepper. 

10 or 12 Ids. mace. 

20 lbs. cinnamon and some cloves. 

Clothes for the men — 
4 parcels Quineu linen. 
4 do blankets— Suratte or Golconda. 
4 do blue baftos. 
100 pieces gingham of different colours. 

1 parcel tanachelas. 

2 parcels sail cloth. 

2 do common and fine mouris. 
2 do salampouris. 

Libt of pai^ei-s sent to (iov. Gen. Maatsuycker and the India 
Council per Boode Few, dated 6th May, 1655 :— 

1. Original letter to the Council dated as above. 

2. Copy of letter to the 17 duteil 28th April, 1655. 

3. Boijuisition for the Cajie from India. 

4. Ship's accounts. 

'k Ship's boc»ks of the Hoot/e Vos. 
b. Invoice of said galiot 



121 

▼ermogondo gunste ton eijnde voorsz: gerooommandeert *^J^^- 

Uteu. GtnMoi. 

UEd. gausoh oituioedigeu undo 
In*t Furt de Güt*do llüpe, oudoplaiugüu Dienaer. 

don H Maij 1655. Was geteijokent 

Jan van Uikhkkc k. 



Pütitio vüor do Oaoi» uijt India. 

10 a 12 esols als vcH)r doson gos : 
20 lasten rijs. 
25 leggei-s uracq. 

3 A 4 piool witte suijoker in vaten oïi kisten alsoo anders 

't vierde part niet overeonipt. 

4 picol was. 

1 picol peper. 

10 a 12 lb. foelij. 

20 lb. cancel ende wat nagelen. 

Tot volcx versclioonin^^li ende cleediugk, Ao** 

4 paeken Gunees linnen. 

4 i)acken deeekens Zurats uft Goloondas. 

2 paoken blauwe baftas. 

160 six. allerhande gecoleurde gingaus. 

1 pai'k tafTachelas. 

2 ]>aeken seilcleeden. 

2 d' gemeen ende fijne uiuuris. 
2 d' saliDi)Ouris. 

Kegister van de jmmpieren gedirigeert aen d* Ëd: H' Joan 
Maetsuijeker, Guuverneur-Geuerael ende liaden van 
India p 't galjot de Roode Vos dato 6 Maij 165-"). 

No. 1. Originele missive aen opgemelti' haer Kd: datum utfr: 

2. Copie d gesz. aen d' Ed: II" 17 * dato 28 April lfó:>. 

f\. Petitie voor de Oaep uit India. 

4. Sebei*{>sreecM|: van oucosten. 

5. Hcheepsboucken van de Buode Vos. 
t>. Cognossement van d' galjot. 



122 



No. 110. 



To the Hon. R. v. Goeus, Commander of the Itoturu fleet about to 
leave Table Bay for Holland. 



ir,óó. Wheri*ji8 by means of the Tulp many young apple and orange 

6th Mn> . ^^^^^ And some young pigs might be obtained from St. Helena for 
this place, and we ai*e afraid tliat Skipper Samuel will pay very 
little attention to his verbal instiuetious and his sucoesëor may do 
likewise, we humbly requrst you to onler the officers of the galiot 
not to forget to bring tfieni. The giirdener tells us that hundreds 
of trees might be bi*ought in tubs with the roots carefully covered 
with earth and placed iji the hold to be protected from the salt 
spray. When they arrive here the season will just be fit to plant 
them. 

(Signed) J. v. Bierbkck. 
In the Fort, 6th May, 1005. 



123 



No. 110. 

Aen d' E: H' Rijcklof! van Qoens, Extraordinaire Kaed van 
India ende Commandeur van de retour vloote Beijlreet 
leggende in de Taeffelbaij aen Cabo de Boa Esperanoe 
omme te vertrockeii over St. Helena na 't Patria. 

E: erntfoste, wijse, voorsienige, seer discrete ileere, 

Mijn Heere. 

Dewijle ons van St. Helena seer gevoughelijck met 't galjot de u*y». 
Tulp versoheijde jonge appel ende lemoen boomtjes, als oouk ^^.„'j^j^i 
eenige cleijne jonge vorekeus om hier aen te fooken, soude ouun<'n 
overgebracht worden, ende wij halff beducht sijn dat schipper 
Samuel (sulcx mondelijok gerecomiuandeert sijnde; daer op na 
alle appareutie weijuigh acht sal slaen endo die in sijn plaetsa 
eomen moohte oook misschien uijt sijn selffs niet om dencken 
•oude, s()o versoeckeu wij seer demoedighlijck ende dienstvrunde- 
lijck U£d. doch geieve gedachtigh te blijven 't selve aen de weder 
herwaertskeerende opper hooildeu des gemelten gal jots te recom- 
manderen ofte bevelen soo (JEd. ten meesten dienste van de E : 
Oomp** goet vinden sal te behooren, ons wort beright van den 
hoevenier dat men die bij honderden offt meer jonee boomtjes in 
bosjens gebonden ende in balijs met aerde de wortel maer geleijt, 
mitsgaders alsoo in*c ruijm geset om voor*t sout water geoonser- 
veert te blijven wel souden cuanen o verbreiden suUenle oook 
daertegen fraije baquaeme vochtige tijt aentrenen om te planten. 
Pr. memorie. Ende 

Uiermede, 

E4: erotfeste, wij se, voorsienige, seer discrete Ueere. 

Mijne Heere !^Met UBd: waerde, baminde oude lieve 
kinderen uevens alle sijne bij hebbende goede vrunden na onse 
oitmoedige gebiedenisse ende dienstige groete Gole in gouodeu 
bevolen mit^;aders toegewenscht een geluokige behouden reijse van 

UEd: gansch oitmoedige ende ouderdanigen dienaer , 
Was geteijokent. 

Jam van BlBBBKUK. 

In*t Fort do Goode Hoopc, 
don ü Maij 1050. 



Uth June 



124 



No. 111. 



lustruotious for tlio Assiötaiit Jan Wouters, procüetUng with thp 
decked boat to Saldaiiha Bay to find out whether any native> 
are there^ with whom some bai-ter might take phioe. 



Hi.*).'). Being provisioned for 14 (Liys for 8 men, and furnishe^l with 

i)21bs. copper and 4dlbs. tobaeoo, and with 2 carronnades for thu 
boaty also other anus, i\ce., you shall leave to-night and touch at 
Robben Island to place there the 5 sheep obtained to-day, aD<I 
take on bojird Pieter Hosiek, as we can spare no one here. You 
must leave the order that the sweet potatoes which you take witli 
you are to be planted on the island, to see whether they will not 
thrive in the soft sand. Tlie same must be done on Dassen Island. 
where you are also to see whether at this time of the year the seals 
creep high up on land and cjiu be caught. Tlie same must be 
inquired into as regards the islets in Saldanha Bay, to bo of um* 
afterwards. 



If you fijid any natives in the Bay, you must do your best to get 
as many sheep as possible, and pay for them fully as much as we do 
here, as mueh is requireil for the ships in addition to the vegetables 
in the gardens. But as the boat cau earry no cattle you must tell 
the natives, if they have any, to bring them hither, as thev will be 
treated well. If you find any trade, then do not leave before your 
wares are used up. The sheep are to be temporarily placed on the 
islet where there are still 7 running. When you leave you are to 
iêke them all to Bobben Island. Also let us know, that we may 
provide you ^^ith mon* goods, or perhaps send the Tu/p to take in 
the rest of the sheep — In 8 or 10 days wo expect her baok from 
St. Helena. 



1 4hii Juni. 



125 



No. 111. 

Memorie offte Instructie Toor den Adsistent Jan Wouteraz : eaende 
met d* opgeboeijde boot van Iiior na de baij van Saldanha 
om te vernomen off daer oock eenige inwoondew ende 
handel te vinden sij, S:& , 

Ten weloken eijnde UI. dan behoorlijok version sijnde ten leéA 
behoeve van 8 eters met provisie voor 14 dagen benefTens 92 Ib. 
ooper ende 45 Ib. taback tot eoopmansz : met 2 steen stuekjensop de 
boot ende ander geweer, i^o' soo sal l'l : oook nooh dosen avont 
mits de liohte maen in de name des Tleen^n de reijse aenvangeu 
empamant aendoende voor 't eerst 't Robben Eijlant om daer 
op ie setten de mede nemende 6 scliapon heden goruijlt lichtende 
totu meerder versterckinge Pieter Hosick van d' eijlant dewijlo 
wij hier seer qualijck iemant meer nijt 't nodige werck missen 
mogen ende latende ordre om de medegaende patatdissen op *t 
Robben Eijlant te planten om te sien oft se daer in de mullo 
sant gront niet wel sullen aorden gelijek oook laten doen suit 
op 't Dassen Eijlant 'twolek empassant oock aen doen moet, om te 
sien off sich de robben dees tijt van 't jaer daer oock in meniohte 
hoogh op 't lar.t begeven en<le gevangen souden cunnen wortlen 
van 'twelck op d' eijlantjes in de Saldanha IJaij meede i)ertinente 
inmpeetie nemen moet, om ons ten dienste van «Ie Comp* bij tijt 
ende wijle van te mogen dienen. 

Ende wanneer VI: in die baije dan oompt ende eenige inwoon- 
dert Tint, suit allen mogelijcken vlijt aenwendeu om soo veel 
schapen te mijlen als emmers doeulijck sij ende ojnlat ghij tt*meer 
beoomen suit mooght wel rijokelijck soo veel voor deeelve geven 
all wij hier doen, alsoo d' E. Comp' aen groote pertije om haer 
Ed: scheepen neffens de thuijii vruchten meede te ververwien 
grootelijckx gelegen sij tot conservatie van 't scheeps volcq gesont- 
heijt, maer dewijle UI : met de boot geen koebe<*sten sout ounnen 
vervoeren soo moogt d' jnwoonders (»«Miige presenteerende to ver- 
•taen preven dat se daerme<le gelieven hier aen 't fort te comen met 
▼ereeeekeringh van alle goet traot<'ment ende indien gij handel 
vindt 800 en begeeft I '1 : van daer niet bevoren al u eoopmansz : 
Twnegotieert sijn, stellende de schnnen telekens op seeeker 
eijlantjen daer der jegenwoordigh noch 7 van ons lopen, in de 
▼oorhaelde baij tot u vertreck wanneer dan soo veel van daer na *t 
Bobben Eijlant brengen suit als v(»eren eunt, doende ons met eene 
de weete om u oock alsoo weder m'*t ander eoopmansz : to mogen 
verrien; offte oook wel 't ^aljot de Tul]» derwaerts te schicken tot 
vervoer van de resterende schaepn welek galjot wij «h»ch binnen 
H ji 10 dagen weder van St. Helena hier verwa<*hten. 



126 

166Ó. ^^1 whereas we have also orally commufiioated to you oiir 

14th June, wifihes and therefore you are fulJy aware of what is for the be^t 
interests of the Company, we leave everything to your diligence, 
&c, 

(Signed) J. v. Riebkeck. 
In the Fort, 14th June, 1655. 



No. 112. 
Fatria. 

To the Chamber of 17 — Sent per the Prins te^Paard, 



4th July. In our last of the 28th April, sent by Hon. v. Goens, we advised 
you minutely of everything, and stated what ships of the old and 
new Company had touched here. We now enclose copy of letter 
sent to India, and which we did not send then, and also a list of 
ships which have been here since January last. Such & list wf* 
intend to send every year for your information. You also rec^ve 
copy of letters sent us from India with Hon. van Ooens, and like- 
wise our journal since. From the latter you will see some wonder- 
ful doings of Herry as noted down «drcumstantially in June. It 
will be unnecessary to add anytliing more excepting as regards 
Herrv's allies. 



Under date 2'5rd Jun«^ you will rend how th«* Interpreter Herry 
has again shown hims4*lf at the fort and requested the old friend- 
ship tliat as before he mijrht live under our protection. And in 



127 

Ende alioo TJl: onae intentie vorders bij monde oook in 't breede . ^^• 
it Terdaert, dierhalven frenoeghsaem ten dienste van d' E: Gom- ii,.,^ j,„,i 
paffnie behoort g' informeert ende g' instrueert te sijn aoo sullen 
*t mer bij laten ende alles op u naer^ieheijt latende aenoomen tot 
beiluijt toewensohen een geluokige heen ende wederom reijse. 

In 't Fort de Goede Hoope, Was geteijokent» 

den 14 Junij 1650. Jan van Birhrbck. 



No. 112. 
Patria. 

Aen d' £d: Heeren Mijn Heeren de Bewinthebberen van de 
Generale Nederlantse g' octroi j eerde Oost Indische Oomp" ter 
Tergaderinge van de 17''" p *t jacht de Prins te Paort gesz: 

Ed: emtfeste, groot achtbare, wel wij se, voorsienige, ende soer 
bescheijdene ll^^ren. 

Mijn Heeren. 

Met ons jonghste sc^hrijven van den 28 April pass" p' de retour ^ .^^ j^^j. 
vloote onder d' E. Van Üoens 10 Maij van hier over St. Helena 
na 't Vaderlaiidt vertrocken, hebben wij na onse meijninge UEd. 
van allee g* adviseert mitsgaders oock specificie wat schepen van 
de oude ende nieuwe (Compagnie hier als doen aengeweest ende 
weder voorts na Batavia vertrocken waren, manquerende ma^^r do 
oopie der missiven hij ons daer met gesonden aen d* Kd: Urn. 
Gouvemeur-Oenerael onde Uadon van India welcko derhalveu bij 
desen sendon. Item oock een oorte memorie offte no.iti*» van de 
sehe|>on hier xedert Januarij A" pass' aengeweest ]ioe<Ianige 
memorie voornemens sijn alle jaren over te stuijron om altijt in 
*t oort sulcx bij UEd. nagesien te cunnen worden. 

Soo gaet oork meile oopie van de E<I: Heeren Generael ende 
Raden van Indias missiven beconien p' d' E: Van Goens de jachten 
Cabeljau ende Prins tt^ Paort neffons oock ons daghregister sedert 
't vertreck van geslachte H' Van Goens gehouden waer bij UEd: 
wat wonders wogon ilerrij's doen (in de maent van Junij largo 
geregistreert) sullen leeen daertoe ons derhalven ten principalen 
sijn gedragende om hier niet al te langh te vallen gelijck mede 
tot onse vooraffgfH»ondene missiven voor soo veel in desen 
niet verandert wort prinripalijck eenighsints sullende vallen in 't 
poinct van Herri j*s geallieerde. 

Tot weloko sake dan comende soo sullen UEd : in ons dagh- 
rM^itter voor^K : ondor dato 2«3 Junij leeen cunnen hoe dat de 
touMi Herrij sigh alsdoen weder voor ons in *t Fort heeft ver- 
thoout endo d* oude vruntschap versocht om als voor deeen weder 



128 



HA.'). 



order to be more pleasantly accepted he had come with some 
4th Tu\y. ï^fttivos and about 40 head of cattle, 'iO of which beauties we 
obtained for a very fair price. The rest were his own obtaincnl 
from the same Saldanhars and which he l>egged that be miglit 
retain for his family and be allowed to gi*aze near the fort, &e., 
promising, by giving signal proofs of the same, that we would 
lionoeforth obtain from the Saldanhars as much cattle aa we wished, 
for which he had made arrangoments, which he would still further 
complete. He had however promisod the Saldanhars that he would 
endeavour to persuade us to seize the cattle of the Caapmans and 
banish them and their families, whom wo always called his allies 
and who had murdered the boy and were the real cattle tliieves — 
he l)eing prepared to show us some of the animals still among 
those of these Caapmans — that wo should also kill some pointcni 
out by him, aflirming that we would do a great service to the real 
Saldanhars and incline them accordingly to barter their cattle to 
us, — This was always our opinion. Ho also stat«Ml, what we foimd 
to be the ca.<«e tliat his so-called allies, though having much cattle, 
never would sell us any, except sometimes a sick or scurvy beast, 
although they were well treated, and offered a good price. They 
always pretended that they had none to snare, and what they had 
was for the support of their families. As they sometimes have 
much t^attle and again very little, it is evident that they obtain 
them by theft, as they never trade. Herry tells us plainly that if 
we do not seize them the Saldanhars will never come near us with 
confidence, because of the great trouble caused them by these 
Caapmans who are sheltered bv us. He reminds us of examples 
seen daily by ourselves. He professes not to be gnilty of the murder 
of the boy and the tlieft of the (»attle, but only left because he 
feared that we miglit think that he was hand-in-glove with them. 



During all the time he had nev«*r l»ee'i with tlieni nnd had no 
oommunieatioii with them whatever, a» they were not such good 



129 

onder wivo guardo van de Comp to nijgen bij ons wonon oivlo ^ <•'''' 
ommi* tlaorloo to aengenannr t<^ worden g*accoptoort wji8 m(*t i. ,1.1,1' 
oenige inwi>onder8 onde omtrent 40 stx. sehoone vette koebeesten 
aengocom*^n wa'^r/aa door sijn toedoen ten eer>ten in de *^0 stx. 
redelijck civil sonder moeijten rouijlden de roste waren de sijn»^ 
g«»oregon van de selve Saldanhamans weloko versochte dat hij 
r.'.ochte behouden voor sijn familie ende hiiijshoudinge mitsgadoni 
oock te weijden ond^r *t faveur van onse fortrosse iVe' belovemlo 
gelijck nu met waertoookenen begonnen liad te maocken dat wij 
voortaen van do Salchxnhamans soo veel vot» goudon oriji^'on nU wij 
begoenlen waortoe hij *t werek omtrent doselvo diep te lande- 
waert in haddo l).»leijt oude nocli v(>rder beleggen wilde soo wij 
na sijn soggen nu'ttor tijt oock voloomentlijok in elfoct bevinden 
souden maer was vt rsjiioocken met de gemelte Saldanhars dat hij 
.. ^ ons sonde soecken te bewegen om do Caepmans 

liwrdorr" * '^ ' ^ ^ ^^^^' ^^J ^^*^J^ ^^J^® g'aliieordou genoempt ondo 
don jongen vermoort hebben mitsgadt'rs oock 
do r<H»hto ilif»v«'n van onse be(»8ten sijn, waervan hij ons oock 
nooh oonigo ondrr hare troppen wilde wijson etc haer vee aff- 
handioh to maoikou rnde haer lit^den met vrou onde kindoren 
wegh to nemen onde to vervoeren, als oock eenige die ons aen- 
weost doot to Blaen affirmerende dat wij de rechte Saldanhars 
ofTto inwo(»nders hier te lan<lo daor meode grooten dienst 
souden iloen t»nd«^ genegen maecken mot veele vee aif te comon 
om oivil ende in goede affectie met ons altijt te handelen: 
sulox met onse opinie altijt he«it overeengecomen. Item oock 
golijck hij raeede afKrme«»rt ende bij ons van tijt tot tijt onder- 
vonden onde alle dagen noch al me«r ondervonden wort nietjegen- 
staendo dat des^^ sijn genoemde geallieerden veel vee hebben noijt 
ijts aen ons hebben willen verhandelen als soratijts een beesjen 
ofte sohaep dat siock on : schort f was hooseer met goede tracte- 
menten daortoo aongehaelt onde wat haer oock voor *t selve 
gepresenteort is altijt voorgevende dat geen missen mochten, 
maer die behoud»*n wilden tot haer onderhoudt Sm', hebbende 
somtijts veel endo altemets weijnieh vee eulex dnoruijt oo<»k 
genoeohsaeni mereken dattet op don rooff halen dewijle als geseijt 
d*>eli geen negotie doen. Uerrij seght oock ront uijt ingevallo 
wij niet willen verstaen om haer al vooren met vee onde al r»a 
ons te nomen dat de Saldanhars noijt vrijmoedigh sullen derven 
aent^omen vermits don grooten nverlast die se van haer (onder 
ons besehut sijnde) lijilen moeten tot betuijgingh«bijl>rengondo de 
dagelijoxe exemption die wij soHTs vooroogen sieu, sich vorder bij- 
sonder ex cusi*ren de van dat geen srhult altoos aen 't dooden van don 
jongen ofte *t wegh voeren mux <le beesten haddon, ende dat wegh 
gega« n wa< ware gesthiot om dat vreesde wij «lencken sonde hij 
v«'rstant met haer liadde maer hat noijt in al die tijt bij haer 
geweest oft oock e«*nij^li v^rstant dien aengaonde met deselvf 



130 

1665» friends, for if they oould have met him alone they would have 
4 tit July, tilled him, as he always strove to fraternize with the Saldanhars, 
whose enemies the Caapmans were. This, he sayp, we may have 
observed fi'om the commencement (which is quite true), that 
he nover ventured to trust himself among the Caapmaus except in 
our company. He knew how to adduce beautifully a hundred 
proofs of his innocence and the guiltinej>s of the Caapmans (fully 
agn eing with our own opinion) and endeavoured to persuade us 
to do as slated above, to which we are not so averse, as we daily 
see before oiu: eyes the stolen cattle among their own. 



In your letter of 6th October, 1654, you ordered that if Herry 
were caught and found guilty he was to be sent in chains to 
Batavia, but he at present knows so well how to profess his 
innocence, and promise his faithful services to the Company, 
that not only do we fully accept his innocence but have also 
allowed him again to live among us, as we find that he 
will be of great service to us for whilst he was absent we were 
in great straits. Therefore in our of inion (though he may be» a 
hypocrite which we do not exactly believe) he should be kept on 
with friendship and prudence, especially for the service which he» 
can do to the company, and of the importance of which he does 
not appear to know an\'thing. 



As regards the Caapmen supposed by us to be his allies, and who 
have stolen our cattle and munlered the boy, concerning whom you 
wished that th** murd«*rers, if caught, should be capitally punished, 
and that as mudi rattle should l^e taken from them as they stole 
tVoui us, we aro still of the same opinion, viz. : tliat all their cattle 
should be takon from them aa H«*iry also advises us to do, and them- 
si'lvt's made j>ris(>ner8 that the roatls may remain safe; and the more 
so MS thf» othiT natives will not mind it and be served by it, so that 
tht'V will coiue with more c«»nfidonce to tnido with us, as thoy and 



131 

gehad, want soo goode yrunden niet en njn ende indien se hem L ' 
maer alleen om een hoeojen oonden orijgen souden hem welhaeat 4en Juli. 
dootslaen vermits hij altijt met de Saldanhars gesocht heeft te 
houden ende sij lieden viiandon van deself e sijngelijok hij seijde 
tals oook waer is) dat wij van den be^nne aen wel geeien ende 
genierckt hadden hij sigh iioijt sonder ons in oomp" onder de 
gcmflto Caepnians heeft dorvon vertrouwen ende bij honderden 
andore r(?denen meer te s^'jaer verschooninge ende ontschult 
mitf traders 't harer belastinge, fmet onse opinie veel aocorderende) 
fraij wetende in te brengen, ende ons dapper met eenen soeckende 
to ])(»r«ua(leren tot het vorige waervan wij soo heel vreempt niet 
en sijn vermits Corap* affgestolen beesten doch dagelijckx voor 
onse ooge onder do hare selffB moeten sien gaen weijden. 

UEd : waren in haren jonghste gedateert 6 Octob : 1664 
van aivijs dat men llerrj crijgende ende sohuldigh vin- 
dende aen *t roven van de beesten sonde na Batavia senden 
om daer in de kettingh te laten gaen, maer die weet jegen- 
woordigh sijn ontschult soodanigh te doen met suleken 
fraijon intree van goede diensten voor d' E. Comp' dat wij niet 
alleen sijn onsohult volcomentlijck aennemen maer o<v^k toeg^aen 
hebben als voor desen weder bij ons te wonen om d' E : Oorop" als 
tolctj te mogen dienen alsoo wij doch mereken van denselven al 
veel dienst sullen eunnen trecken, bijsonderlijck vermits wij door 
sijne absentie in veel dingen seer verlegen sijn gevallen invougen 
onses oordeels (al scheen hij schoon eenighsints wat geveijnst te 
gaen dat wij nochtans niet wel dencken) denselven eohter met 
vruntschap ende voorsichoijdt sal dienen aengehouden principael 
om den dienst die d* E. Comp* door hem can genieten daer hij 't 
selfFs niet eens en merckt ofFte op en denokt. 

Maer aengaende Ca'spman die wij tevoren geliick gesegt altijd 
meenden sijn geallieerde te wesen ende seeckerlijck onse beest en 
gei»t ooien ende den jongen vermoert hebben over welcke UEd : 
van advijs waren dat mon de moorder van do jongen crijgende 
met de doot soudo straffen en<le haer vee aentreff«»nde soo veele 
ende niet meer affnem<»n als se ons ontvoert hebben sijn wij (als 
voor desen te meer gesz :^ van advijs waerbij (doch onder oonwtie) 
als noch, jae meer dan tevooren persisteren dat men die schelmen 
na ons vorige schrijven ende Herrijs jegenwoordifirh daer op vol- 
gende raad al haer vee behoorden aff te nemen ende ons van hare 
penjoonen met eenen sulckx te verseeckeren dat se ons de wegen 
niot onveijligh maecken cunn«»n temeer dewijle schijnt te blijcken 
dat het d' andere jnwoonders 'lun niet alleen en sullen aentrecken 
maer bijsonder welgevallen ende voor goeden dienst aen haer 
daermede ge<laen aennemen ende dat se alsdan oock te vrijmoe- 
digher soudf n aencomen om met ons te handelen is mede soecker 
genoegli want den overlast dien sij lieden soo wel als wij in <le 

K 2 



132 

1655. j^igQ ^Q ^YQ greatly inconvenienced by these thieving aharpers in 
4thTulv. ^"^' iutercourae and trade, so that the most patient cannot stand it. 
Often wo have enough to do to restrain our own people, who are 
not allowï^d to take vengeance for the annoyance caiLseil them. 
Oltf^n quarrels take place between tliem and these Caapmen, 
causing us no end of trouble to settle them, and make peaue; we 
therefore think that ihe best time lias come to take Yengean(*f} on 
tliese Canpmen and «leliver the Company from their annoyances, 
llius removing evrry obstacle in the way of trade with the real 
Saldanliars inland, wlio are a civil lot and inclined to trade and 
friendship. 1 liis would much further peace and quiet. Against 
thesf* allies of Herry we are always to be on our guard, and we 
have already been thinking of the means to carry out our plans 
without shedding blood, if possible. We would however like 
beforehand to gtjt all their comrades and cattle together, in order 
thoroughly to recoup ourselves. As the real murtlerer may not be 
discovered, for thoy would not like to implicate one another, all 
might be kept as slaves and some sent to Batavia and others to the 
islands to be used in the seal fishery ; the latter might be fed on 
seals' meat alone without expense— some may also be kept in 
chains for fetching wood. This would not injuriously affect the 
other natives but incline them the more readily to come to us, as 
llerry affinns, and we have observeil in many ways. In former 
letters we mentioned the insults suffered by us from these Caap- 
men, so that they have become unbearable. It is true that we 
obtain a little service from some of them, who fetch wood for the 
oooks, but this is all, and they re<eive suffici(»nt f(^»d and drink in 
retuni, also arrack and tobacco and kind words. But now that 
Herry liehaves so well, we may d*»pend for such labour on his 
people and for the same pay, whilst they would h* quite subser- 
vient to u«, a condition not to be expected from the Cnapmen 



133 

haudeÜDgü van Jfse diefachtige troggelaers lijden is bijna onver- *'-'**^ 
draegelijek selfTs voor langhmoedige ende sachtsinnige, ja hebben 4^~i^„ii, 
't somtijts quaet genoogh om one volcq van haer aft te houden die 
der oock dickmat'l biilijok over raunnuren, vermits haer wegen 
den overlast niet mogen revenger» n : hoedaniee querellen in 
verscheijden oleijnieheden veeltijts tusschen haer ende den 
gemenon voIcmio voorvallend : ende ons al te met vrij wat 
werck ende moeijtcn ge«*ft om ter ne<ler Ie leggen, ende *t 
uppaijseren derhalven ons (onder correctie dunokt den 
rechten tijt nu ge8oha|>en te sijn om Comp' gereohtelijoko 
guarant van do gemelte Caopmans te halen ende d' È : Comp' van 
dien trouloosen ende in alle golegentheijt seerschadelicken hoop t' 
ontlasten om niet alleen van naren overlast bevrijt te wesen maer 
oock een open deure to^ den handel ende nader alliantie van do 
rechte Saldanhamaus te landewaert in t«' hebben dat frnije civile 
luiden ende reer genegen tot handel ende vrunt schap schijnen 
tot vrij grooter gerustheijt als jegenwoordigh dal men met dese 
llerrij's gallieorde doch altijt omsichtigh gaen ende op wel nauwe 
hoede v(M)r haer wesen moeten, wordende daeromme hij ons oook 
al op middelen gedacht om 't selve mogelij<k sijnde son-Ier bloet- 
stort inge bij goede occasie in 't werck te stellen maer hadden 
;raerne eerst al hun laaekers met hner vee bij een om degelijcke 
betalinge te mogen nemen, ende dewiile ir en misschien denregten 
moorder van den jongen niet wel seeckerlijck sullen cui^nen uijt- 
vinden alsoo al ^^evan^ren sijnde maloander niet gaerne beclappen 
sullen willen, soo sonde men mogen daerte^en haer al te malen 
voor slaven houden ende nartije na Batavia senden, mits^^aders 
et^nige onder goede versi^ockeringe op d' ei j landen gebruijoken tot 
den robben van ;rhst met welek \leijs men haer oock sonder eenigh 
ander eten gonoei;hsaem r;stel»os voeden can, item oook sommigo 
in de kettingh alhier tot hout halen ^ebruijcken dewij Ie doch geen 
swarioheijt te maeckou is dat het haer d' andere inwoondereu 
sullen aentrecken off te schouw maer genegen maecken, om to 
onbeschroomder met haer \ ee tot ons affte oomen, gelijok ons 
Herrij wel duijdelijck affirmeert ende wij oook aan vele dingen 
genue^^lisaem mercken, verclaren oock gelijek in ons voorige 
sohrijvens meede dickmael ;4:edaeu hebben : dat wij soo veel hoon 
ende smaet \an de gemel'e Oaepmaus lijden dattet langher onver- * 
dragelijck valt, 't ia wt.1 waer dat wij van eenige onder haer 
redelijoken dienst genieten met branthout voor do cockx te halen 
maer dat is al de melok die de koe fi;eeflt, ende moeten daertoo 
oock genoegh met eten ende drinoken alsoock aracq, tabaoq, 
ende schoone woorden j;ecoght worden, ende nu sigh Ilernj 
weder dus fraij voor d' E : Comp' instelt sal ons derselven 
dienst van sijn volc<| volgens eijgen presentatie ende voor deten 
ondenrindinge niet manoueren edooh wel mede voor genot 
als boven maer geu'^eghsaem onder subjectie offte onae 



1:^1 

1465. rascals. Our principal object however will bo to lull them into 
4thTulv. ^'^'^'urity that when tlio v)]>]M»rtiini'y olfors we may seize it. Wo 
would thtToforo like to Lu nearer to you that we might more 
<[ui(kly receive your reply and ord<'»s. If liowevrr we must wait 
lor tlie letter we fear that we shall -oso ihefine opportunity, which 
sh')uld be seized as soon as possible. Perhaps in this way some 
advantages might be fecured to the Company further inland, from 
which wo lu-e now debarred by the ('aapmen. 



Should you still bo inclined to communi^'ate with Madagascar and 
Mauritius, and ^XJ^lo^e Tristan d' Acuuha, ])lea8e think of the fluto 
or yacht asked for by us, but a better sailer than the Blocmendaal ; 
one like the Koukvrk'n. It is too d ingerous to navigate in those 
waters with j;aliots, ns the Utter have only one deck, which would 
be easily Bmanhed by the heavy seas on the east coast. We 
require a vessel uith two strong decks for the work. Tlie Tulp 
now here might then be sentto I3atavia. 



As with Kerry's assistance much cattle is again obtained and 
more is likely to be had, whilst w(* give more than formerly for the 
animals in order as soon as possible to get enough so that we may 
depend entirely upon the increase f or supplying the vessels and the 
garrison, thus saving the salted meat and pork, copper will 
vanish very fast, especially the plat*» and thick wire. We there- 
fore 'W'ish to 1)0 provideil with i>late copper and win* as ordered i)er 
Oo'KfMorm list year, — very few thin wires, but many thick ones, 
also a thousand lbs. strong Martini<|ue tobacco which they like very 
welL Do not send expensive cloister tobacco, as it spoils and is 



135 

devotie tot 't welcke aon dese gcmelt** schuimen niot eens denckeii . '''*•''• 
derven doch ten principalen om haer in i^oet vertrouwen over ons 4,.n'juli. 
te liouden t^n oijnde wij daerdoor te beter onse slagh t' avont 
oft morgen sullen mogen waeniemen, waertoe wij gaerne 
wensohte wat nader bij UEd: te wesen om in haeste hierop 
dei-selve advijs ende prompte ordre te mogen hebU»u maer soo wij 
daema wachten vroseii wij dat ons al te schoone occasie sal verbij 
loopen die un*or oordeels ponder verbeteriugc van UEd.) nochtans 
met d* eerste gelegen theijt dient waergenomen misschien wat bij 
de Saldanhamans ende ander jnwoonders diep te lande waert als- 
dan noch mach tot voordeel van de Comp' ui jtge vonden off te 
opgedaen worden tot 't welcke de gemoltc Caepmans d(»n wegh 
der frequentatie genoeghsaem geslooten houden, ende niet eer 
g'opent sal wesen voor dat se in Comp' gewolt hebben, pr. adviso. 
Dewijle wij als voorseijt ons blijven rcferen aen onse vorige 
schrijvens voor soo veel hier vooren niet verandert is, soo hebben 
bij desen weijnioh meer te «seggen, eenlijck ingevalle UEd : tot 
de frequentatie van Madagascar ende Mauritius mitsgaders 
d*ontdeckinghe van Tristao de Cunha blijven inolineren UEd : 
dan gelieven te dencken op 't g'eijschte fluijt off jaohtjen van 
groote als Blommendael odooh wat beter beseijlt oft als Kouok- 
orcken dat extraordinaire beseijlt was, alsoo 't met de^aljots dat 
orappe water te bevaren al te periculeus ende swaer valt, vermits 
maer eenen overloop hebben, ende die van de zees (om desen 
hoeok ende ouste seer groff ende swaer vallende} ingeslagen 
wordende datelijok om den hals sou<ie wesen, derhalven UEd : 
nootsaeokelijok gelieven te dencken op een vaertuijgh met 2 vaste 
ovorloopen om de gemelte plaetsen seer noodigh voor de Caep to 
bevaren, ende frequenteren ; in de plaetse van 't weloke het bier 
sijnde galjot de Tulp dan weder sullen ounnen laten na Batavia 
g«en. 

Knde dewijle dat ons jegenwoordigh door Herrij*s toedoen weder 
veel vee wert aengobracht ende na sijn gevende hopesulox noch meer 
t >e te nemen stacc, mitsgaders wij voor 't selve tot te meerder aen- 
lockiUge oock vrij meer gaven als oijt voordeseninsonderheijt om soo 
haest mogelijck sijude soo verde ende diep in 't vee te coiueu dat wij 
ton principalen van de aentelinghe soude mogen bestaen, soo voor 
de soheei>eu 't hienier meerder ververssinge alsoook om met eenen 
dit guarnis >en iu plaatse van soute vleijs ende speek te voeden 
800 sal het cooper jegenwoordigh weeder wicker sijn gangh gaen, 
insonderheijt platen ende dick draet weshalven IJEd. gelieven te 
gedenoken ons op desen dan wederom te versien sjo van plaet als 
Tan draet cooper in qualite ende quantite als p de Uoutsblom 
A' pass' gesondea nota, minst dunne platen ende meestal dicke, 
mitsgaders oock ten minsten met duijsent ponde sooianighe 
steroke Marteniout taback die deee natie redelijok bevallen heeft 
maer geen sulcke costelijcke Olooster taback altoo die als bij ons 



136 

1665. ^QQ costly for the men. They want what is strong and bites their 
nb Jiüy, noses. 



We wish you to give instructions that some donkeys may be 
scut us from St. Vincent or the Salt islands in one of the [)aesing 
vef>8elö. They may be cheaply bought at tliose places for Spanihb 
moni'V an<l English sayctto, as those of the Uvoilablorm have statetl 
last year. They would bo of great service here for travelling 
inland and carrying provisions. 



We certainly did request that some might be sent us from 
l^fttavia, but as we can harly get any horses from that place, and 
llie fleet is generally so overcrowd wl with cargo for the B'atherland, 
there are hardly any prepared to advise to send any ol the animals 
over, esi>ccially among the ships' officers. We therefore despair 
of ever getting any donkeys from India, and again apply to you, 
for if we get the horses asked for from India, that w(>uld be all as 
none of the homeward lx>und like to carry such freight though we 
only re(|uire 6 or 8 horses. In course of time the number might 
be increascnl by breeding, and used for ordinary work, fetchinjr 
wood from the forest, clay and bricks, iV:e., and if u^^ed for riding 
would also create re8i)eot, as we found in the case of the G horses 
now here. 



In our former letter we did not state the quantity of oloth, Ac, 
rtHjuired for the men, or of any copper, as we did not expect 
much success in trading for cattle. This condition has improvü<l 
however and we therefore annex a list of oopiH.*r requireil. 



W(? state<l in our f<»rmer letter the advantage of a regular inter- 
coui>e with Mauritius s<> as to i^xcuflc Batavia from sending anex]>ress 
annual vessel thither, — Mauritius being attached to this atation. 



137 

vorige sohrijven g'adviseori eude bij dr inut gesoudeii attestatie ^^^'^■ 
te sieu is, al te malen verdorven was ende voor dit vole(| oock te j .„ j„ii^ 
oostelijck suilende soodanige als voor aengeroert goet ende wel 
weren als se niaer lustigh stevck is ciidedo neusbeijt. P' raen>orift. 
Soo versoecken als p' onse vorige moede seer gedienstelijck dat 
HEd: doch oo(?k gelieven te d« iiuk<*u om t* ordonneren dat ons 
eenige esels van St. Vintcent ofl eenige van de 8outo Ei j landen 
door 't een ol't ander jacht oü' 't geene U'Ed: voor deese jdaetso 
sullen gelieven te distinoren, empassant mogen overgebracht 
worden 'i welike seer ^^evouglielijck geschieden ende daer seor 
goetcotjp gecoght cunncn worden voor Spaens geit ende Engelse 
Baijen &c', achtervolgende d' ondorrigtinge A pass" van die van 
de Öoutsblom becomen, deselve sullen ons hier treffelijek te passé 
eomen om 't lant in te reijsen onJo de cost &c" te dragen. 

't Is wel sulcx dat wij eenige van Bat^ hebben ontboden om 
van de cust te vonLion ende met de n^our vloote herwaerts 
gesonden te mog«Mi wonicu, mier gemerckt wij qualijck onsen 
eijsch van paerjlen van <hier ciinnen crijgea vermits d" vloot soo 
vol gepropt wort van Vaderlantse cargasoenen, ende ijder een tot 
seleke ladingli soo lirel genegen niet maer meest liever affraders 
sijn ; prinoipael die met de scheepen moeten overcomen, soo blijven 
wij grootelijex in twijtfel van eenige esels nijt India te crijgen, der- 
halven ons dienstigh versoeck bij desen dien aengaende aen UEd: 
sijn renoverende want soo wij d' g'eijste paerden cunnen van 
Batavia becomen sal 't al wesen om dat gelijck geseijt niemant 
van do thuijsvaerders sulcke vracht gaerne mede voeren hoewel 
't om noch maer eens 6 a 8 paerden te doen was sullende dan 
alhier metter tijt door aentelinge wel vorder vermenighvuldigen 
hoedanige paerden behalven 't werck dat se doen met hout uijt 
't bos te halen, cleij ende steen te reijden &c' hier tot ruijterij 
toegestelt sijnde groot ontsagh baren achtervolgende preuve 
daervan met onse jegenwoordigh hebbende 6 paerden somtij ts 
eens genomen. 

Bij ons voorige sohrijvens hebben vergeten si)ecefice te stellen 
de quantiteijt van laeckenen, &o' tot volcx verschoninge alhier 
nodigh, item oock eenige vorderinge van coper mitsdien als doen 
noch weijnich apparentie van vee handel voorzagen 'twelcke sedert 
als verhaelt gebet ert sijnde, derhalven nu geschiet ende gestelt 
hebben bij neifensgaende apparte memorie in maniere van ampu- 
tatie tot onse vooratfgesoudene petitie daertoe ons dan gedragen 
ende oitmoedelijck versoecken ten eijnde voorsz : met 't selve 
mogen worden g'accomodeert. 

In ons voorige schrijvens hebben wij eenige mentie gemaeckt 
omme 't ei j lant Mauritius van hier te bevaren ende Baf* van die 
expresse equipagie daerdoor g'excuseert blijvende dito Comptoir 
onder dese plaetse to mogen worden getrocken sulcx onses gevoe- 
lens niet alluon om do daur affgegeven reden voor d' E. üomp" 



138 

Hió.ï. ^pjjjg would not only be profitable but oonvenient, eepeciall}" ior 
itii Jiih. visiting Madagascar, where light boats or large sloops would l)e 
necessary for visiting all tho ports between the reef on the east 
coast and the coast itself. The yacht could remain anchored in 
the bay of Antongil or under St. Maria and obtain its cargo by 
means of the smaller vessel, as wns f-^rmerly done by Commander 
van der Stel and is still usual now among tho Irench. Suoh 
small vessels could easily l>e made at Mamitiug and as 
easily sail thence to Madagascar, as has already been 
successfully trie<l. Mauritius will therefore be very oonvenient 
for the purpose, and should therefore be annexed to the Cap * 
tliat we might always be provided there with a light vessel. ^V 
proper station occupied by Netherlanders should eïso be made in 
the bay of Antongil for collecting rice and slaves, and suoh other 
matters as mav crop up in time, for the Company's profit. Tlie 
yacht could then sail to and fro, touching at Mauritius on the 
way, and you might send out the necessary order for the purpose, 
for to derive profit from the Madagascar trade the small vessels 
must be built at Mauritius ; but unless they are expressly ordered 
to do so on that island, we shall never get any. The annexation 
is therefore necessary, but if you do not like to have intercourse 
with Madagascar, of course it will not be required. 



Tliis vessel, the PriMy arrived here very much disti'üssed by 
heavy weather, and we had to provide it with a pump and ruddi-r- 
bar made of Ca]ie wood, and other articles. It required more 
things, but as wo have no equipment magajdne here, it had to do 
without them. 



Skipi>er Pieter Jonasz and other old Indian navigators are of 
opinion that suoh a small dei>6t would b«? serviceable here, as 



i 



139 

dieustigh ende proffijtelijck sonde wesen maer oook bijsonder i*»*^^- 
accomodabel vnlleu tot do frequeiitiilie van 't eijlant Madagascar 4, „7I,ii 
daer men noolBaeckelijek eenige groote sloepen otfte lichte barekeu 
van node heeft, om alle havens tusschen peeckerriff (langhs d' o >?t 
oust leggende cuie mot p*»en 8ohop<»n binnen heen te bevaren) uijt 
ende in te loopen eu te haud(4en, mitsgaders 't jacht in de baij van 
Antongil oft onder St. Maria te laten g'anckert le<;gon ende sijn 
ladiughe met dat cleijn vaertuijgh toe te brengen hoedauigh h«*t 
voor dato bij don Commandeur van d^^r Stol gedaen ende nu bij de 
Francen noch somtijts in gebruijek is welcke met soodanige bareken 
oft sloepen op Mauritius fraaij gemaeckt ende vandaer mee Je op 
Madagascar can overgevaren worden soo voor desen al ge- 
probeert is, sulcx dat ons Mauritius ten dien eijnde bijsonder 
uooomodabel vallen ende dierhalven seer nodigh onder de Caep 
getrockeu sonde mogen worden omme ons van daer doorgaens met 
sulck licht vaeituijgh ten fine voormelt te version, mitsgaders te 
Idteu onder opsight van sjodanighe Nederlanders als men geduij- 
righ op een clejne logie in de baij van Antongil souden mogen 
laten verblijven tot opgaderinge van rijs ende slaven mitgaders 
sulox meer als netter tijt tot voordeel van d' E : Comp' moohto op 
gevonden worden, omme alsoo 't jacht van hier maer over ende 
weder te laten vaeren ende met eenen Mauritius empassant voor- 
siende aldaer o>ck soodanighe ordre na UEd : intentie successive 
te mogen senden soo tot het maecken van verhaelde vaertuijgh 
&c* als op UBd: bevel bevonden souden mogen werden te 
behooren altoos om deegh van de Madagascarse traffique te 
genieten, sal men nootsaeckelijck al sulcke baroken van Mauritius 
moeten hebben die nochtans van daer sender UEd. expresse 
authoriflatie door ons niet beeomen sullen cunnen worden derhalven 
onaes gevoelens (edoch onder verbet eringe van wijser) dat oomp- 
toir wel nootsaeckelijck onder de Caep mochte worden getrocken 
maer soo U£d : tot de f re<juentatie van Madagascar niet inelineren 
(sulox nochtans voor de Caep seer dienstigh sij), soo sal het niet 
noodigh weeeu, d' adviso. 

Dit overoom'»nde jacht de Prins hat op sijn aencompsto uijt 
India alhier door *t harde weer aen veele dingen dapper ramp 
ende schade geleden sulcx wij hem van veele nootaaeckelijokhcdou 
alt een pomp, roerpen, van 't Caepse boshout enid meer ander 
dingen hebben moeten accommoderen, doch had nooh al moer van 
noden maer vermits hier geen magasijn van equipagie hebbeu soo 
ia denaelven voor de rest verlegen gebleven derhalven sigh vorder 
•al moeten behelpen soo best can. 

De jaohts schipper Pieter Jonasz : was van ad vijs golijck oock vele 
andere oude Comp" schippers hior voor dato aengeweest dat het niet 
vreempt sonde comeu maer bijsouder uootsaeckelijk wesen dat hier 
om de benoodighde scheepon uijt India te cunnen ac<H>mod«>ren een 
oleijn magasijn van e<|uipagio gehouden wiort alsoo veel tijta 



140 

loóo. j^ often happens that the rotiun slii'i»?; ar«^ in w;iut of anchors, 
4tli July, ropes, maj?t9, i)umj)8, &r. These sailors often speak to us on lh«- 
subject, but do not think of it at home ; we therefore decided to 
bring it to your notice, that you may consult some cxpi^rienred 
skippers and resolve accordingly. In the case of the Prins the 
want of a i)umj> was so urgent that we had to split a mast, and 
haviu*^ hollowed it out, to join the parts again with iron bands, ^c. 



We therefore ask for some pump bores of 2 or •$ kinds that we 
may the more easily assist vessels in distress. 

In our fonner letter we showed why some cash ought to be sent 
hither, and as we were informed that some money was on boanl of 
the return fleet we almost resolve<l to land some, an the f3,t>0t> 
R?nt us Wt year per the Tn tkhdlimj were carrieil past to India 
and kept there, because of the risk of their being lost at ^»ea. 



We, however, did not consider ourselves authorised to draw on 
you and therefore resolved first to write for youi* urdei*s. 



•Should you therefore again r«»8ol?e to fiumish us with cash, we 
might be annually provided with specit» by the return fleet, so 
that you need not expressly nend any from home to be used here 
as in India — wa&^'S (taid half in money and half in goods ; the 
married to rei'eive salaries. The seal catchers might abo be 
encouraged with money by sometimes presenting them with a 
month's wages, that a larger quantity might be obtained, for 
everyone would take kimlly to this dirty work for the sake of 
money, wbiob sweetens all labour. The money might also be used 



141 

gebeurt <lat de retour scheepen, soo om f.nokerp, touwen, stengen, ï^^'»- 
{lompon \f' verlegen siju endo nadomaol ons suloko j»r.»j»'.sitio van i,.,|7iiii 
do. zeevarende luiden veel vooreomon <nd»' di's»l\.« <iaor juist niet 
om en denoken om in 't Vaderlïiiit sijiide VEd : v» vermanen, soo 
hebben wij jroet gedaofat dit poinet bij deson l'Ed : in meni(»rie to 
brengen, omme (des nodiirh vindende) eenige ervaren Dost IndisohiMi 
dohippers daerop te hooren, (n<io alsdan vordf*rs in die saeeko t^ 
reioiveren ende ons te ordonneren sulcx UKd . na derselver wijso 
deliberatie sullen be\ inden 't haren meesten dif^nateti» vereijsschen 
altoos ;^sien de verlegen thtdjt \an dit jaeht de Prins c)m ren 
ponip, && waermede wij \eele mofijten hadden als hehbende e<»n 
ronthout moeten deureag(»n onde alsoo uijtgi'h()lt w<Mlrr tot nial- 
cander brengen met isere handen, \voolin^'^«% \o' soo «loet ons 't 
selve getleneken bij d»»sen te vordrron eenig(» ]>om|) booren \iin 2 
a '\ der bande soorte om de schet^iion in soDrlaniiro verlegentlieijt 
bij toeeomende tijden t«» gevoughelijck«T te mog<»n helpen. 

Hij ons \ oorafFgesonden generale selirijvens sullen VKd : 
hebben eunneu lesen de redenen waeromme liier na ons govoeI«Mi 
wel eenigo eontanten mochten worden gesomlen ende alsoo wij 
Toniomen hebben dat onder sommi^a» \an d' opporhoo(Tdi»n d«r 
retour scheepen wel wat ^«"elt is geweest, soo waren lialM' van voor- 
nemen (omme TEd: van den resieo der zee te eximeren) eenige 
penninge van deselve op do G«^neralo Comp' te treeken dewijle 
doch de 3,000 gl : door WA : A pass p^ 't Jacht der Schellingh 
aen ons gedirigeert door 't \ erbij looi)en van d jaeht op Ihitavia ' 
gerneekt sijn, cnd«* bij d' ¥A : Urn. Qouverneur-Oenerael ende 
lladen van India om deselve niet we<ler over zee te n»liqueren 
onraetsaem gi»von«len hetwaerts ferugh te s«»nden, niaor also wij 
ons tot trecken van wissel voor als noch niet specialijrk ir'au^hori- 
feert vonden, hebben wij *t 8elv<» niet derven ovrr ons nemen, 
maer goet gedacht <»er8t daerop TKd. ordre rmle last te verwachten. 

Derhalven soo TEd. grlijek voor dato weder goet 
Tinden ons alhier ten di('nste van d* E Comp met contanten 
te yernen souden wij in mani«Tf*n als voren p' wissel r)lf 
andenints uijt d' overeoinendo op]»erhoofMen \an de 
retour vloote jaerlijcx wel «unnen ^'^'accomodeert worden 
tonder dat XJEd : sonde Whoeven expres eenigh geit voor de<^se 
plaetM uijt 't Vaderlant te senden ende over see te rdiqueren 
ommehiertcgebruijckenna d' usantie van India tot verst reckinge 
mat halff goet oj» 't vo!ex reeeq : als meede oux <le gotroude haor 
ooitgelden van uijt te reijcken m**t welcke eontant(*n men oo<'k 
de robbenyanghers fraij souden cunncn animeren met vcn*<*ring<* 
altemeta, een maent gagie ofTte andersints* in geit «»ni iloor din 
middel te grooter quantite op te mogen <rad»-ren aN wann<er ijd<»r 
wn tot dat vuijle, smerige werek om 't g(*ltê>halv<-n twehk dcrli 
ttUm arbeijt versoet, even graegli aen't rohbi'U vangen souden 
n'oten daer se nu om den .«^tanek ende mor8igh(*ijdt.sh:tlvi-n eiu 



142 

ib5ö. to retain varioiiB men already adepts in the work here, and wlio 
ith Jtilv. °^^ ^*^® their discharge because of the absence of money. They 
would otherwise have remained and served the Company better 
than new comers. 

(Signed) J. v. Ribbekck. 

F. VKRIURCiff. 

In the Fort, 4th July, l(>o5. 



Patria. 
To the Directors of the Chamber Amsterdam, 
sent i>er the Pn'ns fv PaunL 



Sth.fuiv. 1 hough in our prectMÜng letters per Hon. v. Goens and with 
this vessel we have given a concise iiistory of affairs here to the 
(chamber of 17, we add this postsiript to yourselves, beggiug 



148 

afibohriok yan hebben, soudende d^ penningen oook ounnen dienen ^^'^' 
intonderheijt om yeele luijden aeu diyense wercken alhier gedres- un «Tuii. 
seert tot oontinuatie boven haer verbonden tijt genegen te 
maecken ; hoedanige wij om de geldeloosheijdt deeer plaetse al 
hebben moeten largeeren, die anders wel gebleven ende d' Ed : 
Comp* alhier bc er nodioh eiid^f beter souden geweest sijn, ala 
nieuwelingen, daer \. j ons uu in de plflotï-e tot al wat verlegent- 
heijdt met de moeten behelpei). Pr. mem(>rie. Ende 

Hiermede, 
Ed : erntfeste, groot achtlaie, i^el wiJEe, voorsienige, seer be- 
9che]jdene Heeren, 

Mijn Heeren, 

Sullen wij TJEd : na onse gansch oitmoedige ende onderdanieh- 
ate gebiedeniese ende dienstige gioete Qcde in genaden bevolen 
mitsgaders in derselver vermogende gunste altijt voor gereooman- 
deert laten. 

Onderstont, 

UEd : alderoitmoedighste ende onderdanige dienaeren, 

Was geteijekent, 

Jan van Ribbbeck, 
Frbdrick Verburoh. 
In't Fort de Goede Hoope, 
den 4den Julij 1655. 



No. 113. 
Fatria. 

Aen d*E. Hm : Mijn Heeren de Bewinthebberen van de generale 
Nederlantae g'octroij eerde Oost Indische Comp" ter Gamere 
Amsterdam, p^ 't jaoht de Prins te Paert, gesz : 

Ed : erntfeate, groot achtbare, wel wij se, voorsienige ende seer 

disoreete Heeren. 
Mijn Heeren : 

Niet j^enataende wij in onse generale brieven pr. de vloot en 5€>n.ïiiit. 
onder d' E. Lairesse, van Goens, ende nu met dit jacht de 
Prins leapeotive aen de vergaderinge van de l?*^" gedirigeert 
«wen den toeetant deser plaetse onses gevoelens van alles omstau- 
dipi adTija hebben gegeven soo ist nochtans dat wij deselve onse 
Ineete generale missive al gealooten ende s^emelte schip nog 
lÊggenm te wachten nae goeden wint noch hebben goet gedacht 
d me a int particalier aen U£d: Mijn Heeren de Bewinthebberen 
ter Tergaoeringe van de Camer Amsterdam, t'addresseren dienende 



144 



ifióó. 



_ enmeBtly for your orders regfirding tho exact number of the 
:>t]i Tiiiv gan-ison to be kept here, as the Iiidin Council has orderedus 
only to retain '0() men in all. We would have obeyed at once, 
but as the danger of such a reduction appears too great, and there 
will not be half 8ufli<i<'nt hands t<> keep the fort, &o., carry on 
agriculture, &c., fo indispensaMo for refreshing the men of the 
ships calling here, tho main objoft (*f the eetablishment of 
this stfition, wo hnve not yet durod to obey the order, but 
retained l*iU men, including sirk, soldiers, and lrt1i<^urei*8, as 
our memo, sent per last 0[»portuT)it3' will show. And we have 
done so the more readily, as in various letters, especially 
in that of 'iOth April, ltl.*i'2, you had resölve(l to order us to place 
ourselves here in a good statti of (hfenee, and for that purpose 
added '25 men to our inmiber. Vour l»'tter also was to remain a 
]»erm.ineiit authority for iis td lut upon. 



In the letter of the 17, dated 24th July, you recommend us to 
k<*ep this fort in 8u«h a state of def«*nc<» that it may be able to 
withstand the attacks of tho English and other enemies, and if wu 
required any moie men for the purpose we might draft 10 or 20 
from the Jffjftx. 



We asêun* you that with not less than <»0 soldiers this fort can 
l>o jifoperly garris4»ned, i.t ., kei*ping watch and minding the «attle. 

Others would be requirfKl for agriculture, wood-sjiwing, m:iAoning. 
earp4»ntering, and i-epairing. 



145 

prinoipaelijok met alle ondeidanioheijdt tut oitmoedigh yenoeok ^^ 
ende gedienstige beede om te mogen hebben TTEd : nader ordre ^^ j^ 
op 't getal Yolox van dit guarniaoen tot onse pertinente ende 
prompte nareghtinge te meer dewijie ons d'£d: U'** Gfónerael 
ende Kaden van India (als in ona Yoonge aohri JTens gemelt) hebben 
g'ordonneert hier maer 60 coppen in alles te houden welcke ordre 
wij wel gaeme met alle genegentheijdt ende behoorlijoke onder- 
danigheijdt souden hebben promptelijok aohtervolght, maer 
nae<lemael ons 't periiekel to groot jmagineren tot soodanige 
besnijdinge, als suilende dan niet halff sumohant genoegh wesen 
tot bewarinfi:e deser fortresse ende ommeslagh yeelroin om de 
nodig in lantbou ende andre saeoken te ?er?olghen waeraen 
nochtans om UËd : gaende ende oomende schepen nae behooren 
te vorverssen tot volox conservatie ende gesontheijt veele gelegen is, 
ende UEd : ten principalen daerom oook geresolveert hebben dese 
sware oncosten alhier te doen soo hebben wij tot noch daertoe niet 
derven comen; maer voor eerst 't getal alhier gehouden op 
omtrent 120 coppen met siecken, soldaten, weroklieden ende al 
als bij onse vooraffgeeondene calculatie specifioe te sien is te 
meer de wij Ie U£d. ons pr. luer Ed: successive missiven 
hebben aen^z : namentl : met die van den 20*" April A*' 1662 
dat verscheijden saeoken ter jonghste vergaderinge van de 
17'" genomen sijnde goetgevonaen was ons t'ordonneren omme 
hier doorgaens in goede postuijre van deffentie te blijden nodich 
ware het guamisoen van dit fort noch met 26 militaire coppen 
soude versterckt worden, ende ten dien eijnde achtervolgende 
den last bij de gemelte vergaderinge der seventhiene aen de 
Camer Amsterdam gegeven, wij uijt de scheepen Malacca, Princes 
Boijael, West Vriedant, ende Zelandia tot het voornoemde getal 
soude lichten &c*. nevens vordere expressie om derwegen in ^n 
gebreecke te blijven ende dat ons gemelte U£d: aenschrijven 
soude dienen tot acte van authorisatie. 

Item naderhant noch p' missive direct eli jok uijt de vergaderinge 
van de 17'^ binnen Amsterdam gedateert 24 Julij desselven 
jaers met dese eijgentlijck woorden nameutlijok : 

** UEd. ondertusschen recommanderende het Fort de Qoede 
Hoope in soodanige deffentie te houden dat het tegen alle atten- 
taten van de Engelse ende andere vijanden versterckt sij, ende 
oft U eeniffh volcq tot secours van noden ware suit van 't voor- 
noemde jacht ^sijnde de Uaes) 10 a 20 coppen mogen lichten 
<ücc*." 

Ende verseeckeren wij UEd : dat dit fort sonder prijckel (soUb 
voor dese mitie) niet minder als 60 militaire om nocd maer alleen 
de wachten te besetten, 't vee te bewaren &c*. niet can bewaert 
blijven behalven 't volcq datter dan noch nodigh tot alle ander 
wercken van lantbou, houtsa^rs, metselaers, timmeren ende de 
nodige reparation (aen een meuw werok veel vallende) van node 

L 



14G 

;656. We wiQ however ut once obey the onltT if yoii fall in with the 

5th July, opinion of the India Board and reduce our numbers, but then 
we would only havo half of what we require. For the soal Hshery 
slaycB might bo used and wages saveil, but we havo no slaves as 
yot. But the number of militjiry men should be fixed at 60, 
indepondent of the commander, junior merchant, assistants, 
barbers, sawyers, «oopcrs, butclu^rs, eouks and boys, &c. Wo 
therefore urg<'ntly press you for a reply as we fear that the India 
Board may already bo dissatisfioil because of our non-fulfilment of 
their ordei*s. Many difficulties were in the way ; we had to be on 
guanl against the nativos, and to take oaro that the works did not 
suffer. We thorefore beg to assure you that should the gamson 
l»o roduced, the agricultural indiistrv will suffer much and not be 
continued, whilst the place its^»lf will be exposed to the attacks of 
others, even of the natives, who often come in multitudes, and arc 
not to be trusted to «nv great extent. We have therefore de<ïde<l 
to write circumstantially to warn you and state our plain opinion. 
We are afraid that sooner or hiter this fort may be surprised, and 
beg that in that oaso no blamo may be attached to us, as we have 
given warning in time. Nor have we any ambition, as it has been 
said, to havo a lot of men under us, merely for the honour of the 
thing, as we would gladly dispense with the trouble of governing 
the lot. Our only objeit is to ilo our beet for furthering the interests 



147 

if, e<lorh boo UEd : mot d' VA : llrn. Oonoraol en«lo Uadrn ''^'"• 
?an India van een advijs wordmi oiid" ons tot soodanigo . ,, j,, j 
beenijdinj^o metnle ^olievon 't onlonneren sullen ga<»TnM 
promtptelijok volgon, maer hot sal na '>n8 begrijp (edoch onder 
oorrexti»^ van wijsor) ten minsten de lieltft te weijuigh wesen 
boven «lie noch tot de robben vanghst nodieh sijn, waertoe ende 
eenige andore wenkon w«»l slaven Boudo euunen te passé comen 
er.de da<rdo<>r eenige gJigie winners g'exouseert mogen worden. 
Mt.*:ir die hebben wij no<h niet, ende dient echter evenwel als 
g«-i» ij^ 't getal van <le militaire ten niii.sten op 60 persoenen vabt 
tf ht.MMi behalven 't Opperhooiff, ondercoopman, adsist en ten, bar- 
biers, const abels, basen en knechts van timmerlieden, smits, met- 
s. Uers, houtsagt-rs, cüijpers, bottelier, cocx ende jongens, &o% der- 
hMJvt IJ als voren oitmoedighlijck versoecken UEd prompte ordre 
op dit poiiict < Ie wij Ie wij doch seer becommert sijn bij naer Ed. 
tot Batavia ui eenigh misnoegen sal genomen wesen over dat wij 
tlerselver onlre in desen op haer Ed : aenschrijvens in allen delen 
niet en hebben achtervolgt 't welcke wij voor UEd : betuijgen om 
veelderhande swarieheden (pelffs van dese natie te vresen) als 
oook om geen veraehteringe ende versuijm in den nederigen dienst 
alhier to eaiiseren als voors : niet hebben cunnen noehte derven 
doen ende souden UEd. (edooh onder verbeteringe van wijser 
oordeel) na onse o])inio wel derven verseeokeren dat in oas van 
sooilanige beenijdingo des volcx alhier niet alleen de wel begonnen 
ende fraij opluijokende saeoken van lantbou Ac veel veraehte- 
ringe lijden ende niet wel mogelijok sonde runnen waergenomen 
worden maer oook den omslaoh deser plaetse onverseöokert blijven 
ende genoeehsaem ten proije van andere staen selifs voor dese natie 
die altemet met groote menighte affcomen, ende soo heel veel 
niet vertrout mogen worden derhalven goet gedacht hebben dit 
dus largo te deduceren, soo tot waerschouwinge voor UEd : als 
oock 't onser noodige ontlast inghe oft misschien gebeurde (des 
üodt \erhoede) dat 't a\ont oft morgen door sulcke besnijdinge 
d' E Comp hier eenigh ongeval overquamo daer wij als meer 
geêcijt in cas voor^z : al grcotelijcx voor beducht souden wesen 
ende dierhalven met alle oit moedige ende onderdanige eerbie- 
dicheijdc gansch dienstelijek versoucken daer van dan te mogen 
onschuldigh gehouden worden als tijdelijcke ende genoechsamo 
waerschouwinge ende preadvertentie gedaen hebbende, ver- 
clarende oock \ orders in alle oprechtigheijdt ons gansch niet 
gelegen te laten (gelijck misschien mocht e gemeent worden) 
aen de eere om quansuijs veel volcx onder ons gesach te hebben 
alsoo de moeijten van deselve te regeren wel missen mogen maer 
is insonderheijdt ons traohten eenlijck ende prinoipalijck daerna 
om me met alle mogelij cke middelen te bevorderen 't geene ons4>s 
oonleels (onder correctie van UEd.) na derselver intentie sonde 
mogen a)men te strei'ken ten meesten dienste van d' 10. 

l2 



U8 



1055. 



I*\ 



of the Corapany, and insure the safety of this station, as well as to 
óth Julv. "Jak^ tilings here as free from expense as possible. To do this, 
the trade With Madagascar will greatly assist us, as stated before. 



Gardening is wonderfully suocessful here. Often the prodtio* 
far suipas«e8 the consumption, especially when one or two mon h 
elapbo without any vessels calling, 8<» that henceforth all tiu- y»fli 
round all ai rivals will be abundantly provided. ShouUi lie i 
remain as he is at present, your object to have abundant ?uj»p ins 
here will be perfectly realiz«*d. Ihe costs of the station ';ould b« 
defrayt^d from the profits of the seal fishery ; also the cos s of tli» 
copper, tobaeeo, &e., used for barter, so ihat you will almost hav« 
everything for nothin^r, and it must be a pleasure to the CompauN 
that an unedteemed ])lHee like this has effected so mucli in such t 
short time. You should therefnre not bo to particular about thf 
numb<T more or less of men kept here, as the place pays itself, 
and the refreshments are invaluable to the crews, as 5 or GOO more 
healthy men are annunUy obtained in India than when no lofresh- 
ments were to be had here, the place was not visited, and many ol 
the crews died or came over siek to the gn^at h ss of the Company 
and the overcrowding of the hospital at l>atavia. Many sick are 
all the time in hospital without doing an} thing to earn their salt, 
and comparing all things, it will become evident to the blindest 
that mucli benefit is secured to the Compaay under the blessing of 
God by this station. In our last we sent our opinion regarding 
the immigration of free families. We do not think the idea to be 
impracticable, but that there will be sufficient means at hand for 
their support, especially for those already aooustomed to the place 
and inclined for their diselinrgo. They would have a prartical 



149 

Comp eode verseeckeriuge Uwer Ed : omslagh alliier, mitsgaders 
oook omme die voor U£d : boo oosteloos te onderhouden als na 
ons vermogen eenighsints practicabel ofte doenlijck sij, waertoe 
onsea gevoelens veele helpen sal den handel ende freqaentatie op 
Madagascar ende Maurituis als bij onse voor aiTgesondende missi- 
ven largo gededuoeert. 

Ende aengaende de culture alhier sucoedeert Gode loff treffe- 
lijok ende langhs soo beter in sulcken overvloet dat veeltijts 
quaelijok al de vruchten ten nutte te oirberen sijn, iusonderheijt 
alsser in een maent oft 2 geen scheepen arriveren, soo dat voortaen 
nemmer meer ijmant *t ontijde comen sal om na behooren van de 
thuijn ende aerfc vruchten te ververssen, ende als Ilerrij's wel 
begonnen saecken, na de jegenwoordigh vertooneude apparentie 
mede blijven continueren, soo is UËd : ooghmerok wegen de 
ververssinge *t eenemael in overvloedigen volle mate alhier getrof- 
fen, behalven dat de Caepse oncosten niet alleen uijt de robben 
vellen (redelijck als voren renderende) oock rijckelijck gevonden 
sijn, maer neffens dien mede al de oncosten van *t coper, tabacq, 
&o\ aen de handelinge van de beesten gedaen wordende sulcz dat 
U£d : alles genoechsaem voor niet heoben 't welcke voor d' E. 
Comp" onses oordeel emmers een gewenschte saecke sij, van soo 
een ongesiene plaetse in sulcken corlen tijt ende daeromme tot 
oaderhoudinge van *t een ende 't ander soo naeuw niet behoeft ge- 
sien te worden op wat min of meer volcx dewijl 't hier doch nodicli 
ende sijn onooaten rijckelijck waerdigh is ende opbrengen eau 
behalven de aeer nootsaeckelijcke conservatie van 't volcx gesont- 
leijt mits de genietende ververssinge waerdoor d' £. Comp*^ wel 5 a 
( JU geaonde menschen na allen schijn ende rede geopenbaerde blije- 
k 'U jaerliox in India meerder overcnjgen sullen als voor deepen 
doeu hier geen ververssinge te beoomen was, eude de Caep van de 
soh«'epen niet aengedaen wierd door 't welck veel volcx onderwegen 
st.Mven ende sitck overquamen tot eiickel belasiinirhe van *t 
Bat iviaëe hos|*it iel ende geen cleijue oncosten voor d. E. 
i*oii(>* vermits \ueie dick wils haer gauschen ^ijt nt siecveuliuij» 
uiji ik'.j'i«*n souder voor haer loopende gagie ende etende coht ««ijt 
et^a x^'U den minsten dienst te doen, dit alles dan et- a^ tegen 
m^^auder gequadeert sal men wel haest de blinde ««ft voor veler 
oogfU verborgen uijtwinuiuge vernemen eenelijck na^'St iiodt 
door de Caepse ververssinge d. £ Comp^ toecomeudt* wakkers 
loffolijcke Indische saeoken d' Almogende geve langhs soo meer 
mogen aooesseren ende in welvaren toenemen. Amen. 

Wegen vrije huijsgesinnen herwaerts te senden hebben met 
onse voorige missive op derselver ordre ons ad vijs geeondon 
dunckende ons na noch rijper overlegh de saecke soo heel vreempt 
niet te wesen ende dat misaohien al tamelij ck gelegentheijdt sal 
voorvallen tot onderhout van de selve insonderheijdt na ons 
gevt)elen voor de suloke die hier reede gewent ende wel tot vrijdom 



lü.V». 
5rn Juli 



150 

'' ' ku AlrJ'^' of agriciiltur»', whilst lliu orow.s of tlio ships might 
/itir July, obtain what they want from them. They can never be properly 
patisfied with what is sent on board in the shape of meat and 
garden produce, Slq.j for they like to buy what they want in the 
shape of luxuries. This would secure a good profit for the free 
men, and we might be able to provide ourselves with practical 
aojric'ulturists from Ihe ships and men im-lined to the work. 
Those more fit for the sea or navigation might bo left alono. 
Should therefore you find any of your servants with a proper 
disposition and industrial liabits, inclined to be discharged and 
located here with their wives, the latter miglit Ix' eaj^ily sent 
hither, under conditions which you may con>ider the most favour- 
iiblc for Uie Company. 



Should y(»u decide to pay out salaries to the married offic«*rs as 
in India, we would like to know what you intend to give the 
Commander for Lis own board, an ho is continually obliged to 
keep a large table for the sfaip^s officers. 

(Signed) J. v. Riehkvjk. 
F. Vkrhurcjii. 
In the Fort, jth July, lOoo. 



151 

genegen mits^^era in 't werrken aon den lantbou &(f al ten deele 
gedreeseert aijn suilende oook 't aenoomende voloq yande scheepen 
t haerder beter ffenoej^hen ende liberteijt als dw meede conneh 
ende mogen van ac yrije lieden ooopen aller bande Tmobten na 
eijgen lust ende In^geeren want baer anders nimmermeer voloomen 
genoegben sal cunnen gedaen worden met 't geene detelve 
(boe wel ten ovorvloede genoegbsaem) yan yers yleijs ende 
tbuijnyruobten &o' dagelij ox na boort gesobiot wort : alsoo dooh 
den gemeenen man niet beter meent te varen dan dat hij yan aller 
bande yruchten ende snoeijerije \Tij ende yranok selffs mach gaen 
coopen daer en soo hij wil 't welck derhalven de vrije lui j den al 
tamelijoke proifijtjes ende welvaren toe brengen sal, endeomme te 
mogen hebben luijden van rechte geuegentheijdt tot den lantbou 
cunnen wij ons uijt «Ie nonroTnoimo eeheepen wel versien, insonder- 
heijdt van de suleke die daer van ervarentheijdt hebben, 
in de plaetee van andere ]>er80')uen weloke beter tot de 
zeevaert op de scheepen te pafso comen waeronder dan 
sommige van go«>le humeuren ende naerstioheijt vindende 
eudr genegen sijnde tot vrijdom mitsgaders hare vrouwen 
herwoerts begerendr om vost te blijven zitten deselve dan lichto- 
lij<k (UEd. sulcx goet vindende) cunnen naegesonden worden 
onder suleke conditie offte soodanigh anders als UEd : boter 
als wij sullen oordeelen ten meesten dienste van d' E. Oomp'' te 
vereijsscheu. 

Ënde indien UEd : op ons voorstel bij onse generale missiven 
gedaen goetvinden de getroude ofTicianten alhier op costgelden 
liaer te laten erneren na 't gebmijck van India soo sullen oock 
gaemo verwachten derselver ordre wat UEd : het opper hooft offte 
den Commandeur voor sijo taeiïel ('t moeijelijck ende lastigho 
aenval van de scheeps opperhooffden doorgaens suilende blijven 
behouden) tot costgelt gelieven toe te leggen omme sigh na te 
mogen reguleren : ende te dienen tot narightirge. Uiermeede 

Ëd : emtfoatc, groot achtbare, wel wijse, voortienige, seer 
beecheijdene Ueeren. Mijn Heeren. 

Sollen wij TEd : na onse gufiscb oitmoedigo ende onder- 
danighste gobiedenisse ende dienstige groete Qtode in genaden 
bevolen mitiffaders in der m Iver vermogende sunaten altijt voor 
goreoommandeert laten. Ondentont 

UEd : aider oitmoedighste ende onderdanige dienareo, 

(Was geteijckeut;, Joiian van Bibbbbck ende 
Fkkdrk K Ybrburoh. 

In 't Fort de üoede Hoo]>e, 
den 5" Julij 16!>5. 



5«n Juli. 



1S2 



No. 114. 
Addenda to requisition for the Cape, sent per Uon. van Qoens : 



iGöd. 12 pieces comroon and i clotli of different colours, among 

— 6 „ fine I them one green. 

6th July iQ pjp^g serge and some sayetto for the children. 

4 or 5 pieces chalas, fine and common. 
4 or 5 pieces baize — 1 or 2 piooes fine, for lining the cloth 
dresses, 4c. 
50 lbs. of all colours sewing and embroidering silk, among 
them some dnik grey and black. Not pure black which 
is spoilt before aniving here. 
40 or 50 pieces tarsenet for shoe strings and garters, of nil 
colours, but mo.^tly of siately colours and also some black. 
Some silver and golden cord for the doth and serge dreFses, i^c. 

1 00 groFs true and falFe dress and coat buttons. 

50 gross fine silver and gold clothes and ooat buttons. 

300 pairs knitted \ 

300 do. woollen f ai u* 

300 do. linen ( «ockings. 

25 do. silk Naples ; 
400 pair waterproof boots. 

100 rough coats, of large size, and made entirely of drugget, 
as they are to be worn here over the cloth dresses 
because of ihe cold. 
200 black and grey hats, among them 20 or 30 vigognes with 

bands. 
Cash — as much as you may deem neoessary here in skillinffs. 
Last year Mauritius was providinl with a thousand, aiid Uiis 
year again with 500 RixdoUars. No ships touch there, only one 
yacht annually. Uow much more necessary is it not then to have 
money here with the great intercourse caused by the vessels from 
home and India. The men might then buy what thc*y like, and 
esi)ec*ially things not furnished by the Company, es]>eoitUy oflScerp, 
such OS junior merchants, sick-oomforters, osfistants, barbers, 
sargeauts, &c., who would like for their clothes some a more stately, 
others a lighter kind of laoe, &c., which the Company does not 
furnish and can orly be had for money. 



163 



No. 114. 



I 



cousen. 



Ampliatio offte nader speoifioatie gevougbt tot de notitie van de 
Caep pr. do retour vloote onder d' E. van Qoens voor afge- 
sonaen namentl : 

12 8tx ^meene ende | lakenen van diverse ooleuren daeronder 1606. 

6 stx fijne ( een groen. -r 

10 stx chargie ende eenige andere saijen voor de getrouwde ^" " * 
haer kinderen wel te pas oomende. 

4 ft 5 stx media ohelas fijn ende Remeen. 

4 A 5 stx baijen daeronder 1 off 2 fijne d"* tot voeringh voor de 
lakense oledingh etc. 

60 lb. allerhande colearen naij ende stiok sijdedaer onder partij e 
donker graeuwe als swart. Nota geen puijr swart selffs die ver- 
broeijt is eerse hier oompt. 

40 è 50 stx armosijn schoen ende cousebant lint van allerhande 
edoch meest staiigo ooieuren ende oock wat swart. 

Partije silver ende goude treek ende lisooort tot de laken ende 
ohargie kleedingb, &c*. 

100 grossen ware ende fauue deer ende rook knopen. 

50 g]x>S8en fijne silver ende goude deer ende rook knopen. 

300 paer gebreijde 

300 pr. wcUe 

300 pr. linnen ende i 
25 pr. sijde Napelse j 

400 pr. droogh lere schoenen. 

100 stx mans bolokvangers ruijm ende volslagen gemaeokt van 
pijlaken alsoo ne hier over lakense oleeren vermits de coude moeten 
gedragen worden. 

200 p' swarte ende graeuwe hoeden daeronder 20 a 30 vigonjee 
met haer banden. 

Contanten soo veel moohte g'ordeelt worden hier nodigh te 
weeën ende dat in Schellingen sijnde ^TaMritiai verleden wel met 
duijsent ende nu desen jare weder met öUü rijoxdaelders version 
daer geen aenoc mptt van schepen als somtijts ten hooghsten een 
enckel jachtjen 's jaers, hoe veel te meer dan hier Jotor mits d^ 
veele passeereudo scheepen soo van 't Yaderlant als India een vrij 
groot loven is ende derhalven gelegentheijt voor de loijden om 
t haerder beter genoegen allerhande versnaperinge ende commo- 
diteijten, &c\ (juijst bij d' E. Comp** niet overgebnicht wordende) 
voor haer geit van deselve te mogen copen als bijsonderlijck voor 
eeni^e officianten als onderooopman, sieokentrooeter, adsistenten, 
barbiers, sergant, etc. welcke sommige wat statiger andere wat 
lichter als passementen ende diergeujcke tot hun deedinghe 
ffaeme hebben xulcx bij d' E. Corop*" als ireseijt juijst niet geson- 
den wort ende sender gelt niet wel te crijgon is. 



151 



16;..-). 

ótli July. 



For the wiltlu trade :> 



IJHU) lbs. strong tobacco in wisks packed like rope und well 
pressed to prevent rotting. Commander lliebeeok tried 
this plan in the Cariboan Islands suocessfully. 



loo thick and Oo thin plates vellow copper as the sample. 

7 or 800 lbs. eop{>er wire ol' different kinds as received per 

oO cross tobacco pipes. 

N.B. — 400 Having knives must not bo forgotten for the seal 
fishery. We ar«^ greatly in want of them. 

Some imrap bores as specified in our letter. 

2 lbs. borax. 

2 lbs sal ammoniac. 



No. 115. 



List of pai>er8 sent jkt tho Prins to the Chamber of 17 for the 
Chaml)er Amsterdam. 



No. 1. Original letter to the directors dated 4th July, 1055. 



„ 2. It^Mjuisition and addenda for tlie Capo. 

„ '^, Continuation of Cape Journal. 

M 4. List of arrivals and departure's, &c. 

„ 5. Copy of letters from India to tlio CajH» dated 26th 
Jan., loth Feb. and 1st April, 1655. 



„ r>. Copy of letters sent to India from the Cajie 1666. 



„ 7. ('oj»y of Invoice of things received jwr KfiMjuuw from 

India 1055. 
„ 8. Copy of Invoico of goods from Batavia for Mauritius, 

sent per KfifHf//mtc ria the Capi» A 1G65. 
„ 1^. Accuunta of the Prinh. 



1 55 

Tot (l«'ii veo handel, 

1000 II» sterck t^iback als j)' vorigo petitie in vaten als touwerck '«6.». 
gesohotoQ ende mot een (lorainocraeht ingopackt sal Beer de ver- .^^ ^^|. 
rottioge preserveren sulox den (Jommandeur Riebeeok in de 
Caribese Ei j landen sol ff s wol laton doen ende heel goet bevonden 
heeft. 

100 diekc endo "iO diinn*^ vason ofto platen geol eoper als de 
noffenPiraeudü luonsterö. 

7 a H liondert II» draet coper gesorteort als p' de (loutsbloin l»e- 
comen. 

.^n gros tabac(i [ujpen. 

Nota dat oock de vilniebscn tot 100 stx niet luogten vergeten 
wonlen om do robben mode tr villen sonden anders daorommi^ 
dapper verlegen vallen, p'. menn»rie. 

Eenige pomp boonMi als [>' missive gospecilioeert. 

2 II» borax. 

2 tl» sal armoniaecq. 



No. 115. 



llepster van de paTii[)ien ii p 't jacht de Prins gediri^^eert 
aen d' K. Urn. He wint held )eren van de Clenerale Neder- 
lantsi'he g*oetr(»ij eerde Oost Indistihe Comp' ter vergader- 
inge van 17 voor de Camer Amsterdam. 

No. l. Originele missive aen d' E. Urn. liewinthebberen van de 

Senerale Comp ten vergaderinge van de 17" gesz : iu 
ato 4 Jnlij 1<;55. 
V?. Petitie oude ampliatie ioi descdve voor de Caep. 
•^. Vervolgh van't daghrogister gehouden aen de Caep. 
•1. Corte memorie ofte notitie van de gearriveerde ende ver- 

t rocken schepen &\ 
5. ('opie mi.Hsive door d. E. Hm. Gouverneur-Oenerael ende 

1 waden van India suooessive geBOuden aen den Commandeur 

van 't Fort de Ooede I[oo])e in dato 26 Januari >» 10 Febru : 

ende p"' April 1655. 
<». Copie missiven door den Commandeur van de Caep sueces- 

sive gesK : aen d. Ed : Ilm. Qouvenieur*Qenerael ende 

Haden van India 1655. 
7. Copia factura van de goederen beoomen p' 't jacht de Cabel- 

jauw uijt India 1655. 
J^. I) van de memorie der goederen van Bat' voor Mauritius 

gesonden p' 't jacht de Cabeljauw over de Caep, A. UI55. 
O Iteecq : van onootten van *t jacht do Prins. 



156 

1W6. j»jo 10 Original pa^tcript to the directors and for the 

öth July. Amsterdam ChamW in particular. 

„11. Sample of copper useful here. 



No. 116. 
Batavia. 

To the India Council, sent per the Acomhttr and Leefuriu, 



•iith.iuiv. After the departure of the lion, van Goeiis on the 10th May 
last via St. Helena to the Fatherland, the Prinn te Paard arrived 
on the 24th June from your parts, having had very stormy weather 
off the coast and suffered K)me injury. It had also some sick on 
hoard who were all restorcni to health here, so that it left with a 
healthy crew on the 5th July, intending to pass St. Helena and 

Ïroceed straight home. On the 8th the Tulp returned from St. 
lelena with ai*xx)mpanying sealed letters from Hon. v. Goens, 
who sent us a copy of his report regarding the Cape. From it 
you will observe that his estimate far exceeds the number of 50 
men for the garrison here— 30 or 40 soldiers are required for the 
cattle alone — as long as this Cape is not separated from the main- 
land and converted into an island, which, according to Van Ghoens, 
is of the utmost necessity, in order to be relieved from the annoy- 
ance of the natives and also for the better safety of the Company's 
establishment here. He believes that nothing particular will 
further crop up in this place, but did not think of the men required 
for the seal fishery —not less than 30 being wanted. Already the 
expenses here havo been doubly defrayed if the skins continue to 
realize as hitlierto. This work might, however, be done by slaves 
and wages saved, but as we have no slaves and do not wish to 
delay the work tliat we may be able to defray the expt»u»ei 
of the establishment here and continue with agrioolture, we must 



157 

10. Origineel nabrieffkeii aeu d' E Hra. Bewinthebberen van ^^ 
de generale Oost Indische Oomp* ter vergaderinge van de 5^^ j^n 
Gamer Ajnsterdam particulier gesz : 
11. Monster van coper (Uensügh voor de Caep. 



No 116. 
Batavia. 

Aen d' E J : 1 Irn : QouvernHur-Qeiierael mde Raden van 
India [)', de j achten A vontster endo Leeuwin gefz : 

Ed: erntfeste, manlia^te. wel wijse, voorsienige seer 
discreten lleereu. Mijn lieeren, 

Na 't vertreok van den E. Hr. van (loens ende onderhorige 24«nJuli. 
vloot op den lOen Maij pass** over St. Helena na 't Vaderlant ia 
hier den 24 Junij daeraen van co^tij mede wel icgecomen 't jacht 
ilo Prins te Paeit vr!j wit hart weer ende suckelinge op de custe 
b'oosten desen hoeck gehad, ende sommige rampen geleden mits- 
gaders oock al oenigh sieck voleq georegen hebbende van welcke 
alles door onse behulpmiddelen ende ververssingen, &o\ terecht 
creholpen ende met frisse gesonde luijden op den 5en Julij weder 
voorts gevaren is in meeniuge om 8t. Helena 't excuseren ende 
recht deur na de havenen onses Vader.ants te zoijlen hoedani^h 
vertrouwen Uhd : uijt neifenf>gaende aen ons gelaten nu!).<>ive van 
d' opperhoofFden meer sullen cunnen verstaen 

OndertuMohen is op den 8en deser oock weder van S . Helena 
hier geretoumeerl *t gal jot de '1 ulp met neffen3gaende gesloten 
missive van opgemelte lieer van Qoens welcke ons oopie heetft 
gestuijrt wegen *t gene sijn E. over de saecken van de Caep, &o , 
aen UEd : ia adviserende waerbij UEd : onder anderen sullen sien 
deszelffs calculatie gemaeokt op dit guamisoen verre boven de 50 
coppen gavide ende alleen maer tot bewaringe van de koebeesten 
•)0 off 40 soldaten stellende insonderheijtsoo lange dese Caep niet 
van de vaste oust aif gesneden ende tot een eijlant gemaeokt sij, dat 
na deszelffs opinie t<)n principaelen soude streoken ende nodigh 
weeën om van den overlast der inwoonden bevrijt te sijn endeoook 
tot beter defentie van Comp omslagh alhier, i%o*, vermits sich 
inbeelt in deee plaetae niet veel anders te steeoken^ maer heeift 
niet gedacht op *t voloq nodigh tot de robbenvanghst daer alleene 
'50 ooDoen toe vereijsschen ende jegenwoordigh de Oaepee onooeten 
al dubbeld uijtgewonnen sijn soo deselve in*t Vaderlant maer 
getrooken ende rentierende blijven ala voor desen edoch soude dat 
oude veele ander wcrck wel met slaven cunnen worden affgesien 
in plaeta van gagie winners, maer de wijle wij die noch niet en 
hebben ende echter nu'\ gaeme versuijmigh souden wesen om tie 
Caepso oncosten te overwinnen nochte oock den nodigen lantbou 



158 

1665. for the presont continue to uso paid labour, though wo wouM 

•>4th~.Tiil\ . pi'^f^'ï' slaves, for tlie NetlierlanJors are most unwilling to do thi* 

dii-ty work, Jind we are striving to the best of our power to make 

the expense n.^ littlr as possible. The means of doing so, however, 

are beyond oiu' n^aeh as yot. 



The Madagascar slaves b»»ing, ac<*ording to Hon. v. Goens, very 
unmanageable and inolined to d«»sert, we would like to have 80 or 
100 Arraeans nr liengales»» from Batavia, for we have been told 
that since our allianee with the Anaean King, Batavia is well 
provided with (hem and could spare a good number. In this case 
we eould get on with 80 men, u'ommander and all included. The 
Hon. v. (roens will tell you how many additional soldiers are 
necessary ror (ho guard and the cattle — 30 or 40 as he says so long 
as the Cape is not converted into an island. 



Great difRoulties are «-onnecte^l witli making a eanal through the 
isthmus, but we shall in the dry season make another insj »ei lion. 



But to make an egress for the Salt liiver on the otlier side would 
be impossible, the spot being likewise unsuitabh». Many men 
would also be requinnl, moi-e than the homeward 1>ound 8hi{>8 could 
supply. From the flf>et of Hon. Demmers we could not gc»t one 
man for a fortnight to help us with the fort then not half finishetl ; 
these people when discharged believe that they have no mon* to «lo 
than bring the ship home. The outward bound are generally 
afHictiKl with scurvy and we cannot delay the ships for such a 

Surpose, the expense being too great. 8umma Summanim. We 
o not fiml the work so easy, and if we eould get any aervioe from 
the time-expired men, as the Hon. v. Goens |H)int8 out, we would be 
glad if you eould recommend the Gommamlers that whilst here 
their men should bring on some stone for making a causeway. 



159 

met eenen te laten in verval Hnge oomon soo ial 't vooreerst nooh al *•^•• 
met gagie winners moet on gedaen worden hoewel wij 't H«*ver met ^itm f ui. 
slaven de<len soo om 't misnoegen van de Nederlanders over 
sulcken vuijlen, snierigon werok als oock om de minste oosten voor 
d* E: Comp' na welek doel to schiet f»n TEd: gelieven te vertrouwen 
dat ons pnnoipael mieken oook al is maor manqueertous voor als 
noch 't rechte geweer daortoe. 

Ende zoodat waer sij 'tgene d* Hr. Van Q.ons van de Mada- 
gasoarse slaven hoeft geseijt, namentl dat doselve stoute schelmen 
ende soer tot weghloopen genegen sijn, soo souden wij wol wenschon 
dat UEd ons 80 off 100 ?tx Araoanse off Bongaolse van Batavia 
geli«»ffden te zenden, te meer dewijle denselven sijn Ed. ons oo*k 
heeft geseijt door de nieuwe alliantie met den Aracansen Koninok 
Batavia jegenwoordigh daervan o vervloei jt ende wel goe<le partije 
missen cunnen als wanneer wij 't dan met 80 Norlorlantw» coppen 
dan wel souden cunnen affsien roet opperhooff t ende alles, want hoe* 
veel soldaten boven de 50 gecalculeerde Noilerlanders d' Ed. Van 
Qoens noch wel nodigh aoht om 't bestiael te hoeden ende oock 
de wachten, iV:o*, waer te nomen zullen UEd. uijt sijn E. brieff wel 
vernemen daor van de Cae]>se gelegen thoijt schrijft ende gelijck 
voormelt, mentie maeckt van niet milder als nooh 30 d 40 
soldaten boven *t voriffe getal van ÖO te vereijssclion soo lange 
dese Caep tot geen eijTant gemaeckt wort ende om de pregnantie 
door gedachte sijn Ed. daerbij govought. 

Ende aeneaende 't deursnijden van dit lant vresen wij al 
groter swaricheijdt ende moeijten sal aen vast weeën dan sijn E : 
voormelt wel van opinie is edoch sullen na desselffs re^mmendatie 
met de drooge tijt de gelegentheden wel eens wat nader ende ter 
degen gaen affspeouleren altoos om den uijtgangh van de Zoute 
Revier te leijden na d' oversijde ende plaetse daer sijn E. aenwijst 
zal na ons gevoelen niet wel willen gaen, hoe veel volcx daer toe 
souden moeten weeën zal na genomen ondersoeck eerst cunnen 
werden gecalouleert maer vresen wij echter een niachtigh groot 
getal toe sal vereijssohen altoos van de 'thuijs vaerdors niet te 
doen weeën die wij uijt d' Ur. Demmers vlote geen eone 14 dagen 
hebben cunnen onjgen om als doon ons fort (noch nergens na 
halff volmaeokt) in defentie te helpen brengen, alsoo die luijden 
verloet sijnde haer selven inbeelden geen ander werek meer 
behooren te doen als de scheepen thuijs te helpen brengen ende d' 
uijtvarende sijn veeltijts soneurbuickigh, oock Comp* schepen 
daema niet te nouden sonde desselve na ons ge\oelon to groolen 
ondienst causeren, somma wij vinden dat werek soo hoel light niet 
ende ho der wat te doon waro met 't volcq van de retour vlote in 
maniere als d' E. van (Joens geliefft aen te wijsen soo wonschen 
wij wol dat TEil : den ovcrcomonde Commandeur gelieitden te 
T*^ ommandoren door dissolve» wat ntoen (staondo haer leggen) hier 
\'n\i dt* rlip|>en wionlen aeugebraght om een hooft te maken dat 



ICO 

\M. whioh is so neoessary, that those who fetch water for the ships need 
•iith July. ^^^ S^ ^P *^ ^^^^^ necks into the water, as thev have to do now. 
With our own people alone the work would be hard and long. 
The stone under the sand of the beach makes it impossible to drive 
in poles for a jetty, henoe stone will be required for a distance of 
70 roods and a breadth at the base of about 24 or 30 feet. This 
would give a breadth at the top of not more than 10 or 12 feet. 



Regarding freemen, we believe with Mr. v. Qcens that 5 or 6 
families would be enough for a commencement. We would, how- 
ever, prefer Dutch to Ëatavian — the latter are acc^ustomed to too 
much grasping. Our opinion on this subject you will find in our 
letter to you per Boode Vos, in accordance with instructions of the 
masters. 



The Tiiip is being repaired with wood from the forest in order 
to make another voyage to Madagascar to keep open the com- 
munication, but as long as we do not receive a yacht and further 
orders for the purpose from home, we will not send you a requisi- 
tion for goods required for that Island. The galiots are too small 
and unsafe in those dangerous seas, especially on th 3 return voyage 
about Natal and Cape Agulhas, as a vessel with ont3 orlop is easily 
swamped. Should we receive a yacht we have good hopes of at 
the same time also providing Mauritius as stated before, where 
such a small garrison at present is kept. The ofBcrrs of the Boaie 
Vos told us — having been there last year — that as much wine 
and com could be reared there as is necessary. Of other things 
there is sufficient, but there is an apparent laziness among the 
lot who are accustomed to an easy, do-nothing Tfe, and as they 
do not have the heavy winds there, which blow h*3re, they might 
also rear their supplies of com and rice, just as we here grow 
vegetables for 7 or 800 people passing the Uape annually, besidts 



161 

heel ende boven veele saeoken seer nootwendigh is opdat de ^^* 
lui j den in 't water halen niet souden behoeven tot den hals 24«n JuU. 
(gelijck nu nooh doen moeten) in 't water loopen waertoe de 
gelegent hei jt hier sulcx insien dat sonder meerder hulp als met 
ons eijgen voloq een langh ende verdrietigh werok aen hebben, 
sullen vermits do vlaokte des strants die onder olippigh sijnde 
geen palen in te crijgen sijn ende daer omme tot 't selve steen sal 
moeten aengebracht worden wel tot de lenghte van 70 roeden 
ende breete van 24 off 30 voeten op den gront als wanneer 't 
hooft boven op den cruijn nooh niet moer dan 10 k 12 voeten 
breet sal blijven, p' memorie. 

Ende aeogaende vrije luijden sijn wij met sijn E. in een ge- 
voelen datter 5 a 6 huijsgesinnen vooreerst genoeeh souden wesen 
maer dunckt ons echter, onder correctie HoUantse beter als 
Batavise alsoo sommige van deselve aldaer te noote sohraperije 
gewent sijn, ende wat wij over dat poinot op d' ordre van onse 
Ileeren Meesters oen dezelve hebben g'sdviseert sullen U£d : uijt 
de copie voor desen met 't galjot do Rodo Vos gesonden 't uwer 
£d : speculatie hebben cunnen lesen. 

Wij laten om't galjot de Tulp (vrij swaok van timmeragie 
wesende) te versteroken ende bequaem te maeoken om nooh een 
toohtjen te doen op Madagascar tot levendhoudingh van dien be- 
gonnen handel, etc : eenige knies ende andere hcutweroken uijt 't 
bos bij de wercken halen, maer soo lange wij tot die voijagie geen 
jacht ende nader ordre uijt 't Yaderlant beoomen, sullen wij van 
oostij geen eijsoh doen van ooopmanss: tot vervolgh van dien 
handel alsoo de rnljots te deijn ende insuffisant tot dat orappe 
vaerwater bevinden insonderheijdt in de wederom reijsen omtront 
Terra de Natal ende 't riff van Aguillee vermits 't water daer te 
hol is ende een seheepjen met een overloop ingeslagen wordende 
datelijck om den hals soude wesen, andeis soo onse Heeren Meesters 
resolveren een bequaem jachtjen in de plaetse van gemelte gal^'ot 
tot voors : vaert te stuijren hebben wij wel moet aUMlan Mauritius 
met eenen genoeghsaem te version in manieren als voor dato gere- 
monstreert, te meer dewijl der nu soo weijnigh volcq leijt ende nu 
na ons d' opperhooffden van 't ^jot de Uode Vos (A^ pass^ daer 
geweest) hebben gerapporteert, is daer wel gelegentheijt om soo 
veel wijn off koren aen te planten alsse souden van noden hebben 
ende van de rest isser doch overvloedigh genoegh, maer daer 
schuijlt na de rapporten voom^ soo wat traegh^ onder dat 
volckjen als sijnde al te gemaokelijcken ledigen leven daer 

Kwent ebde 't soude wonder wesen dat men daer (sulcke 
rde val winden als hier niet subject sijnde) niet alsoo wel 
zoude cunnen sijn behoeff van rijs off koren voor soo weijnigh 
volcq aenbouwen als wij hier aen verversinge van allerhande 
aert- ende thuijn vruchten voor 7 a 8 C— menschen (dese plaetse 
jaerlijcx heen en weer passerende) in grooten overvloet boven 

M 



162 

1666. fjjg ordinary work to be clone. If the heavy south-easters did not 
24th Julv. hinder us so greatly we would never be without an abundant 
supply of oom and rice. Behind Table Mountain, on the spots 
pointed out by Messrs. Sterthemius and Van öoens, under the 
shelter of the forests, we might be successful, but then we require 
free Dutch families or farmers to protect and cultivate the ground ; 
they would make a profit, whilst the Company would find it a too 
costly business. Of all this we have given our opinion to the 
masters. 

It would be better to introduce families direct from home, as 
those from India (Eiuropeans) are not accustomed to work, and 
show no inclination for agriculture. The Ohinese ma^ do some 
good, and amone them we would wish for a few versed m making 
oane matting, which we require here very much. 



From St. Helena Mr. v. Goens ail vised us to send to that idand 
some cows for breeding purposes, but as the directors wish that 
only the Gape should be a place of call and St. Helena be pasted 
by, so that the ships would arrive home a month sooner, and save 
a montha' wages, which would be more than the expenses of the 
Cape, we would respectfully beg to differ from that gentleman 
on this point, and suggest that that island be denuded of every- 
thing on it now, to catch up all the pigs and bring over hither as 
many apple and orange trees as possible, destroying the rest as 
far as possible. This could be done in about two trips, whilst the 
ships would never be in want of refreshments here. St. Helena 
only provide:^ (or the English and Frenob, whilst the cattle would 
become .so wild that they would be difficult to catch. They would 



168 

ymI ander nodigh werok wel ounDeii doen ende mMvalle ons de >^^' 

val winden over den Tafelbergh aoo niet en anelden 't toude 24eDJuii. 

beneifens dien aen ooren ende rijs alaoo weijnign manqneeren 't 

weloke wij meenen aohter denaelven bergh ende op de plaetse 

Miin Heeren StertheniuB ende Van Gbena jonghst aengeweeen, 

onder de louwte van de boeaohagiee wel trefifel : gaen eotme, maer 

daertoe dienden HoUantee yrije nuijsgetinnen ofte boeren alaoo 

om de landerijen te beiohermen ende bebouwen d'fi. Oomp* te 

ooetel : ende voor die loiiden zoo uijt die als andere saeoken 

redel : profijten yallen souden hoedanigh wij onse Heeren M**. met 

largo deduoiden oook hebben g^adviseert Onder 't advijs als 

voren bij ons op derselver ordre gegeven op 't poinot van 

vrije huijsffennnen, do*, die ons dundien om redenen voorgemelt 

beter uijt t Yaderlant als van India aen dese plaetse dienen 

sullen^ alsook d' Indische Nederlanders niet mwent sijn veel te 

arbeijden ofte wat naerstigheijt tot den lantbou aen te wenden 

ten ware Chinesen die arbeijtsaem genoegh vallen ende missohien 

oook wel deegh mede te doen soude wesen, onder weloke wensohte 

een ])er8oon off 2 te hebben die wat rottingh ramen maken konde 

daer wij hier vrij om verlegen sijn. D.E. Hr. van Goens voor- 

melt heeft ons in Zijn E. missive van St. Helena oook gereoom- 

mandeert bij soede gelegentheijt eenige jonge koebeerten van 

hier op St. Hebna te planten om aen te teelen tot de meerdere 

verveminge voor Comp'. scheepen, maer gemerot d' intentie van 

onse Heeren principalen uijt derselver aen ons verleende instructie 

ende successive nagesonden missiven dat deselve haar £d: de 

saecken gaeme daertoe sagen (ende om weloke redenen dese 

sware ooooaten hier oock hebben gereeolveert te doen) dat 

Gomp'. schepen soo wel in de thuijs als uijtreijsen geen andere 

plaetsen *t naarder ververss i nge als dese mochten aendoen, om 

8t Helena t' eenemael t' excuseren waardoor oodc gissinge te 



maken sii deselve na alle i^parentie een gantsche maant vroeger 
staen in t Yaderlant 't arriveren uijt wdoke eene maant ffagie 
(minder te betalen hebbende) dan ten eersten vrij meer au d^ 



Üaepse oncosten bedragen uijtgewonnen wort, soo souden im 
(edoch onder correctie van wijser) behoudens 't rapport van sijn a. 
voormelt dien aangaande gansch contrarije van advijs wesen ende 
dat men in plaetse van dien dat eijlut van 't gene daar op is 
't eenemale benoorden t' ontbloten, de vetckens op te vangen ende 
met eenen soo veel wpel ende lemoen boomtjes hier te halen als 
mogelijck was« mitsgaders de reste vorders gantsoh ende gaer ta 
ruineren dat in een t^t jen of 2 te beschicken was, dewijle het, met 
Oodt de voorste, hier aen overvloedige ververssinge aen Oomp* heen 
ende wedervarende scheepen voorUen dooh niet manqueren sal, 
ende al de St Helenaes ververssinge dooh maer voor Engels ende 
Francen is, mitsffaders de gemeUe koebeesten soo wilt souden 
worden dat se qual : te orijgen souden wesen, ende ood^ sender 

m2 



164 

1(565. aigo 1^ caught away l>y others. If everything were destroyed 
24ih*JtilT. there, ships would be loathe to call at that island, and the homeward 
bound would havo no reason to pass by the Cape and thus become 
more olx^dient to the Company. They know that thoy have to take 
on board hero annually a number of seal skins, which, excepting the 
well-disposed, they do not take kindly to. We do not always have 
a vessel to send after them, as this year in the case of the Bfcda 
and Koning ran Polni^ whose commander made a paltry excuse for 
passing us. If we did not possess the express authority of the 
Hon. V. Goens, wo would not have been able to ^ei in one solitary 
skin, as is evident in the case of the yachts which had previously 
left. It is difficult to state in writing who is to be blamed. 



The island should be made desolate to make it useless as a place 
of oall for the English and French, who generally take everything 
away from it before the arrival of the Company's ships, as has 
always been the case. Even this year the Hon. v. Goens could only 
get 5 or G pigs, and each of the other ships hardly one, with no 
apples or oranges whatever. Said nations had cleared away every- 
toiDg. We therefore adhere to our advice to destroy everything 
on the island, as in the best interests of the Company, that others 
may not proceed thither as a refreshment place and so be deprived of 
their desire to voyage to India, especially as it is rumoured that the 
English intend to open their Indian trade to all of their nation, 
which finding few refreshment stations would have many diffi- 
culties to contend with. It being the intention to make this the 
only refreshment station of the Company, against the opinion of 
some who sustain that the Cape cannot always be touched at, it 
would be good if our communicated instructions for the guidance 
of vessels were adhered to. It would then be found that the Cape 
could always be reached even during the fiercest south-easters, 
after waiting at the most 5 or 6 days at Saldanha Bay. In winter 



1«5 

onuien van aentelinghe 't elokens al door andere opgevangen ^^ 
worden, ingevolge alsoo dat vee niet voor d' E. Comp' maer meest ^24» JüM. 
ende principael voor andere zijn, suilende ter contrarie na ons 
advijs in cas van rtiijne der ververssinge alsdan oook naden wensch 
van onse Heeren Meesters weijnigh haken maer na dat eijlaut 
wesen ende de thuijs vaerders te min oorsaeoke nemen om de Caep 
verbij te loopon dat de Comp' noch ai meer subject zal bliiven, 
insondorheijt nu deselVe weten dat hier jaerlijox soo veel rooben 
vellen moeten innemen daer veele (rechte iveraers tot Gomp* voor- 
deel oiigeprejudicioert) zoo graegh toe sijn als haer hert te sien, 
zullende oock altijt niet gelegen comeu ofte juijst een galjot bij 
der hant wesen om haer die vellen als dese jare Breda en Koninok 
van Polen goichiet is, na te senden weiokers opperhooffden wi] 
hooren haar over hun verbij zeijlen al vrij blaeu hadden g'exou- 
seert, &o% ende ten ware de expresse gethoonde authoriteijt van d' 
Ilr. van Goens wij souden der niet een hebben cunnen incrijgen, 
zoo oen de vooraff vertrocken jachten claer gebleecken is, ende 
wio daer van principael oorsaeck sijn can bij de pen, al schrijft 
het, niet wol begrepen worden. 

£nde insondorheijt soude onsee gevoelens voorhaelde eijlant niet 
ondienstigh sijn geruijneert om d Engelsen ende de Francen die 
verversch plaetse onbruijck te maecken die tor toch al aff hebben 
^ehaelt eer Gomp' retour schepen daer aencomen gelijok van tijt 
tot tijt altoos gebleecken heeft ende nu noch jongnst oock dat 
de Ut. van Qoens voor sijn schip dese jare maer 5 & 6 ende d' 
andere elek qualijck een veroken gevangen uoohte eenige appelen 
off lenioenen becomen hebben door £en 't van voorn : natiën 
al gauts cael opgehaelt ende gevangen waren sulox dat wij als 
voren, e<loch onder verbeteringh van wijser gevoelens blijven 
de wij Ie die ververssinge ten principalen doch meest voor andere 
natiën zijn niet ondienstigh oordeelen daer beesten te planten 
maer oock in tegendeel gantsoh nootwendigh voor d' E. Gomp" dat 
eijlant cael gemaeckt wort om andere <Ue verversch plaetse te 
ontsetten ende alsoo deselve oock te minder lust tot de Oost 
Indische vaert te vetoorsaken, insondorheijt in de oonjunoture 
datter doch gerucht wort d' Engelse haer Indijsohe navigatie 
voor ijder een van hare regeringe voornemens sijn open te stellen 
weicken dan weijnigh verversch plaetsen vindende die reijsen 
te swaerder souden vallen te meer dewijle doch emmers onser 
Heeren Meesters volcomen ende principide intentie ende sene- 
g(*ntheijt is om haer £d : schepen maer alleen aen dese pwetse 
te laten verversschen etc : ende dat sommige zouden menen te 
sustineren de Gaep altijt niet wel aen te doen zijn, indien se 
hun maiT gelieven te reguleren na onse geconsipieerde memorie 
ende bijgevoughde caertje, sij sullen 't contrarie wel bevinden 
ende met cleijne moeijten ja selffs in 't febte van 't Z. Ooste 
mousson van beneden de Giiep altijt na ten hooghsten 5 u 6 



i66 

the latter port can with difficulty be reached, but Table Bay easily, 
j\j^ so that it is evident that this Gape ia better reached from the Dorth 
than the south. 

According to experience, we can reach tliis from St. Helena in 
20, 26 or 28 days at the most. How much shorter then must not 
the time be required for the shorter distance. 

Some navigators, however, do not take the trouble to note what 
others have observed for the good of the Company. The laudable 
endeavours of the celebrated Pilot fishers have been found fault 
with. How much more then will he be unfavourably oiitioiBed 
who is not versed in sea matters, and is to obtain his information 
from skippers and mates able to speak with authority from ex- 
perience and investigation? If you were only to consult Jan 
oimonsz of Bynsburgh of the Boode Fas, you would be converted 
to our opinion. 



The Hon. v. Goens in the letter mentioned also advised us to catch 
and preserve for the return fleet a quantity of harders (? mullets), 
that fishing at St. Helena might be dispensed with. But 
these ships are always well supplied with provisions, and in case it 
is said that that island should be visited ror fish, there is enough 
here to be caught fresh for the supply of the fleet and more than 
that. Because of the more temperate climate they are also better 
cured here, but it would be impossible, with due deference to the 
opinion of Mr. v. Goens to catch the Quantity required with the 
limited number of hands at our dispose, unless we neelect other 
necessary work. It would also be too expensive to do so with 
Company*» servants. It might be done l>y free &milies who 
might draw profit from the same, and might lease the fisheries in 
course of time, or be em])loyed for the purpose under such condi- 
tions as may be most favourable to the Company. 



Mr. V. Qoens*s orders regarding the 2 slaves and a dog we have 
earned ouL 

We did not obtain any of the ''stowntways " with the nliot, as 
somp of thorn managed to hide themselves in the return fleet, and 
three escaped on the island, where they are still hiding. With 



167 

dagen waohten, van de baije van Saldanha in cluijs wel cunnen ^^^^* 
opeomen ende in de winter tijt is 't 800 gelegen dat wij qualijck 24eirJuli. 
die baij cunnen crijgen, maer wel deee Tafelbaij sulox dat beter 
van benoorden aU Desuijden de Gaep deee baij te orijgen sij, 
aohtervol^nde de veelvoudige ondervindinge kunnen wij oock 
van St. Helena in 20 tl 26 è 28 daeen ten hooghsten hier oomen 
hoe veel te meer van soo nabij als in de gemelte memorie aenge- 
wesen wordt maer *t ia met sommige naviganten soo gelegen datter 
niot eens te pijne waert sij acht te slaen op 't gene van andre met 
goede opmerckinge ten dienste van d' E. Comp' aengeweeen wort 
gelijck om den noort den vermaerden pijloot vissers, prijswaerdige 
dingen in vele wel berispt sijn hoe veel te meer dan't geene gedaen 
wort door ijmant die juijst van de zeevaart geen professie maken 
ende hare naturen niet en sijn sonder oook te oonsidereren dat wij 
nootsaeokelijck hebben moeten uijt de dagelijoxe ondervindinge 
van schippers ende stuijrluijden die wij ten dien fine van alles laten 
behoorlijok ende naerstigh ondersoeck doen ende soo UEd. maer • 
eens gelieven over de saeoke t* examineren den schipper Jan 
Sijmonsz : van Reijnsborgh overgeoomen met *t ffaljot de Bode 
Vos, UEd : sullen wel h^st met ons van een oordeel woiden, d' 
adviso. 

Haerder had ons de Hr. van Qoens bij voorgem : sijn missive 

oock gereoommandeert voor de retour vlote op te vanfl^n ende 

dro^n in voorraet tot toe8t>ijse voor dito vloots volcq om daer door 

't eijlant St. Helena oook te mogen exouseren edocn meenen wij 

., „ , dat die soheepen altoos wel ter degen van 

8t. HelenA. . . . * .. j • j« ^ i_ 

provisie vemen sijn ende mdien men oook om 
de vis dat Eijlant souden nodigh achten aen te doen, soo is hier 
genoegh ende alsoo veel door des vloots volcq zelff versch te van- 
gen als daer. Item oock duerabelder te maecken vermits 't getem- 
perder dimaet maar om met ons waijnige volcq soo grooten jpartije 
op te gaderen als voor sulcke gantsdien vloota soude vermjssohen 
dunckt ons (onbenadelight nochthans *t ad^ijs ^an d' Hr. van 
Gh)ens) buijten varsuijm van dienstigen saeoken onmoglijck 
ende oock met Comp* dienaers te costel : maer met vrije huijs* 
ffesinnen zou dat misschien wel gaen ende goet weeën om voor 
deselve al vrij wat voordeel uijt ta mogen halen ende met ter tijt 
de visscherijen aen die oook te verpachten ofte soodanigh anders 
als bij ti]'t ende wijle ten meestan dianste enda jnrofijt van da £. 
Comp* mochte bevonden worden te vareijsschen. 

't Uaene zijn B. voormelt ons vorder heeft bevolen van seedtar 
2 slaven ende 1 hondt hebben wij achtarvolght anda da eijganaar 
*t hare toegestuijrt loo van deselve oostij eau vamoman worden. 

Maer aengaende de versteecken parsoonen hebben met het 
Ijot niet aan ovargeoragan alsoo hun aanife van deselve weder 
lebben wetan in de retour vloota ta varstaaoken ende 3 op d" eij- 
lant fugitijff gestelt die hun daar nooh onthouden. 



Ra 
hel 



168 

i66/i. f^Q galiot we obtained, besides three pigs and some orange tree?, 
'iith July. ^^^ ^y^ young stallions. There are still running on the island 
two mares with foal which could not be caught and an old stallion 
which Mr. v. Goens ordered to be left Üiere for breeding purposes ; 
and as we required, as stated in our former letter, 6 or 8 more, we 
beg to be provided with mares that we may have some breeding 
stock. Now we have 6 stallions and 3 mares, and can scarcely 
get on with the oxen. 



We have also sent the remnants from the whole fleet — among 
them 9 rolls of silk and some Morocco leather dhoes unfit for use. 
Here the whole would bo too expensive and the shoes too unser- 
viceable for the men. We therefore send the lot to Batavia. 



The woollen and coarse stuffs however we have kept. 

In your last of 1st April per the Pn'fiM we found that of the old 
fleet there were still wanting the Oek roomie Leeuw^ &c. The two 
first arrived on the 9th Jan. and 21st Feb. and left again on 28th 
Jan. and 1 1th March with healthy crews for Batavia. With the 
Brouwers Haven matters were very bad, as the officers of this vessel 
the Atottdntar will circumstantially tell you. The latter found the 
former 5° north 'of the line, resolved to return home, having 
already been as far as Agulhas. The Roode Von will have 
brought you information regarding the later fleet which has 
touched here. All left with healthy crews. We send you copies 
of our previous letters ; also continuation of our journal. 



Prom the latter you will gather how our interpreter Herry has 
returned and is conducting mmself well. He has brought forward 
satisfactory excuses for his long absence, and done his best to 
re-obtain our favour by bringing on a lot ojf cattle, so that we can 
again supply the vessels with fresh meat as well as vegetables. 

This was of great service to the Prin$ te Paard, Our conversations 
with Henry you will gather from the journal of 23rd July, &c. 



169 

Met d"" galjot bequamen wij beneffens 3 verokens ende eenige ^^^* 
lemoen boomtjens 2 jonghe wilde henghsten loopende daer nooh 24eDJuli. 
2 voldragen merrijs die niet gevangen ooeten worden ende een 
ouden benghat door d' E. Ur. van Qoens g'ordineert daer te laten 
om met de merrijs voort aen te teelen ende alsoo wij, gelijok bij 
onse vorige missive gemelt (daer van de oopie bier nevens gaet) 
nooh wel 6 4 8 stx. nodigh hadden soo vorsoeoken oitmoecligh 
U£d. gelieven te gedenoken ons met merrijen te laten voorsien 
om te meerder ende eerder in aenteelinge te comen, alsoo wij 
jegenwoordigh wel 6 henghsten tegen maer 3 merrijs hebben ende 
met de ossen zeer qual : te reoht ounnen oomen, pr. memorije. 

Soo heeft ons sijn E. mede toegesonden al de restanten van de 
gantsohe vlote onder weloke oook 9 zijde rollen ende eenige onbe- 
quacme Snaens leore schoenen die hier aen de Caep als te oostelij ck 
en (do. schoenen 't onsterok voor 't voloq vallende) niet wel wegh 
mede weten, daeromme deselve bij desen mede laten voorts na 
Batavia gaen als pr. ingesloten faoture ende cognossement maer 
de wolle cleeren, pijen, ende groff laken, etc. hebben 't volcq voor 
de coude laten op reeci[ : veistreckon. 

Bij UEd. laest aen ous gesonden schrijvens van den eersten 
April pass" met 't jacht de Prins voormelt gesien hebbende dat 
van de oude equipagie nooh manquerende de Ueoroonde Leeuw, 
Oliphant ende Brouwershaven soo dient tot advijs voor dato gee : 
dat de 2 eersten den 9 Januari j ende 2 1 Februari j hier aengecomen 
op 28 Januarij ende 1 1' " Meert met fris ende gesont volcq van 
hier na Batavia vertrockon sijn maer met Brouwershaven is het 
God beter hot vrij slecht gestelt gelijok UEd. uijt d' Opperhooff- 
den van dit schip d' Avondstar omstandigh sal ounnen verhaelt 
worden als hebbende 't selve 5 graden benoorden de linij ontmoet 
geresol veert sijnde weder na 't Vaderlant te keeren ende al 
geweest hebbende na derselver aenwijsinge op 't riff van 
Auguillies hier bij de Caep, &c*. 

Wat schepen van de nieuwe equipagie na dato voors : hier 
oock sijn aengeweest, mitsgaders wanneer ende met hoedanigh 
gesont voloq vertrooken sullen UESd. uijt ons schrijvens pr. de 
Uoode Vos ende te voren wel hebben vernomen daer toe ons 
gedragen ende ten overvloede de oopie hierbij senden neffens oook 
't vervolgh onser dagelijcxe aenteiokeninge daer UEd. sollen 
cunnen lesen hoe dat den tolcq Herrij wederom gecomen ende 
sigh treffel : instellende is, mitsgaders oock wel fraij over sijne 
lange absentie etc, weten te ontsohuldigen ende in de gratie te 
stollen door *t aenbrengen van vele koebeesten sulcz dat wij 
jegenwoordigh de schepen alle dagen tot de thuijn vruchten oock 
versch vletjs cunnen geven waerop de Prins te Paert juijst even 
treffeltjck te pas quam en : gel : als dit schip fraij ververscht heeft 
wat discoursen ende redenen wij over versdieijden saken met den- 
selven Herrij hebben gehouden gelieven UEd : onder dato 



170 



166Ó. WTe jkIJ a list of things wanted in addition to those contained 

24ih Julv. ^" ^'^® requisition already sent. They are only some buttons, 20 

catty silk, 100 bundles eane, 80 or 100 slaves, 6 or 8 mares for 

breeding jpurposes. We won't ask for any more, and therefore 

earnestly beg to be provided with them. 



That we are rather prolix and may hinder you in more impor- 
tant matters, is mainly caused by the necessity of repljrinic to the 
opinion brou£;ht forward by the Hon. van Goens. We would 
have written nome in the same strain, if we had only received his 
Honor's letter per the Tulp before the departure of the Phm, 



(hir proposal regarding St. Helena we consider to be of great 
imiK)rtanco to the Company. 

In the Fort, 24th July, 1^55. 

(Signed) J. v. Kikkkk<:k. 
F. Vkrburoh. 



No. 117. 

Addenda to the requisition sent |»er Rüotft Voi: — 

A lot of^all kinds of^buttous. 

20 catty do. sewing and stitching silk. 

100 bundles cane and 



171 

33*^ Juni] ende andere plaetsen meer in ons gemolte daghregister ^^^' 
OTnroUi^h te lesen daer alles pertinent aengeteiokent staet, ende wij 24<-ti Juli. 
ent oock daertoe refereren omme in desen niet al te langh te 
vallen. 

Ende alsoo wij met ons vorige sohrijveDS noch sommige uodig- 
heden badden vergeten te vorderen, soo hebben *tselve bij torme van 
ampliatie onder onse vorige petitie (hier neffens^aende) bijgeetelt 
met dienstel : versoeok UEd. ons daermede geueve te aooommo- 
deren, sijnde eenl : noch maer wat onopen, 20 cattij zijde, 100 bos 
rottangh, 80 & 100 slaven, 6 a 8 memj paerden tot te beter aen- 
telingh ais hier vooren gementioneert, 't sal de laeste mael wesen 
dat wij paerden sullen behoeven te vorderen, derbalven oock 
diensteujok bidden deselve mogen geworden. 

D at wij in deeen wat largo vallen (apparent al tot wat belet in 
UEd : wightiger besongjee) is geaohiet ten principalen tot nader 
eedariasement voor IJEa. over sommige saken van de Caep bij d* 
Ed: Ur. van Goens in sijn E: missive wordende geremonstreert 
hoedanigh wij oock souden hebben gedaen aen d' Ed. Hm. onse 
M *' in*t Yaderlant indien ons sijn E : schrijvens pr. de Tulp 
voor 't vertreok van de Prins ware van St. Helena de retour 
toegeoomen insonderheijt wegen dat van St. Helena 't welck wij 
meenen om veele redenen considerabel voor d' Comp' is ende 
nu tot 't naaste saijsoen sal moeten uijtgeetelt laten. 

Hiermede, 

Ed : emtfeate, manhafte, wol wijse, voorsienighe, ende seer 
beacheijdene Hoeren. Mijn Hoeren, 

Willen wij ÜEd : na onse oitmoedige gebiedenisse ende gansoh 
dienstighe groete den Eenigen Al in eenaden bevolen laten welcke 
dea Oomp* aaeoken onder derselver Toff weerdige discretie langhs 
800 meer te aegenen. Onderstont. 

In't Fort de Qoedo Hoope desen 24 Julij 1655 

ÜEd : aeer oitmoedigen ende ganst onderdanige dienaren 

Was geteiokent. 

Jan van Ribkbbck, ende 
Fredrick Vbrburgh. 



No. 117. 



Ampliatie tot de petitie geeonden pr. 't galjot de llo<le Vos. 

Partij e allerhande gei'Ieurde zijde kuooi>eu. 
20 cattij d Daij ende stiok zijde. 
100 boaaen rottangh, ende 



172 

»^«- 6 or 8 raares. N.B.— No more stallioiiB. 

2ithJuiy. 8^ ^>r 100 slaves, among them 2 or 3 who oan make cane 

matting. 



No. 118. 

List of papers directed per the Avofuisiar to India, dd. 24th 
Jidj, 1655 :— 

1. Original letter to the Council dated 24th July, 1655. 

2. Copy of letter sent per Roode Vas dated 6th April, 1655. 

3. Continuation of the journal. 

4. Requisition and ad<lenda. 

5. Ship*8 accounts of the Aromhtar. 

6. Sealed letter of Hon. v. Goens to the Council. 

7. „ of the officers of the Prim to the Council. 

8. Invoifo of some remnants received fiom the fleet of the 

lion. V. Goens. 



No. 119. 
Batavia. 

To the India Council. 



28th July. This ifl merely to accompany duplicate of our letter dated 24th 
July pc*r ArontUtnr which left this with a healthy crew on the 26th. 

The Leeinc'm now likewise leaves in the same state. Shi» takes the 
following fresh Cape seinls from here: — 

Carrots. 

Beet. 

3 kin<l8 of cabbage. 

Drum head salad. 

Spanish radish (black radish). 

Dutch and 

Spanish radish. 



/ 



17S 

6 è 8 roferrij paerden. Noota, geen henghsten moer. ï^'^- 

80 a 100 Blavfii daer ondor 2 a *i die rottangh ramen brei jen 24«»n^ulL 
oonde. 



No. 118. 



Register van de pampieron pr. *t schip d* Avondstar gedirigoert 
jien d' E. Hr. Gouverneur- Generaol ondo lladen van India tot 
BaUvia, dato 24 Julij 1655. 

No. 1. Originele missive aen gem : haer Ed : gedateert 24 Julij 

1G55. 
,, 2. Copie d' p' de Rode Vos gesonden, go<lateert 6 April 

1655. 
„ 3. Vervolgh van *t Caepse daghregister. 
„ 4. Petitie ende ampliatie tot deselve voor do Caep. 
„ 5. Soheeps reeoq : van d' Avondstar. 
„ 6. Gesloten missive aen d' E. Hr" voormelt van d' E. 

H' van Goens. 
„ 7. U ' aen deselve haer E : van d' opperhooffden van de 

Prins te Paert. 
., H. Factuijrken ende cognossement van eenige restanten 

uijt de retour vlote van d' E. Hr. van Goens. 



No. 119. 
Batavia. 

Aen d' E. Heeren Gouvemeur-Genorael ende Raden van India 
p' 't jacht Do Leeuwin. 

Ed : emtfeste, manhafte, wijse, voorsienige, seer disoretcn Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

Desen dient maer tot geleijde van 't dubbeld onser vorige 2Scn Juli. 
missive gedateert 24 Julij ende gesonden p' 't jacht d' Avondstar 
op den 26*" courant van hier gesoheijden met fris ende geeont 
vmoq gelijok de Leeuwin mits desen uu oock doet ende waermede 
DEd: toesenden dese navolgende verse Caepse thuijn saden, namel : 

Geele Wortel 

Groeten 

Driederhande cool 

Crop salaedt 

Rammelas >Zaet. 

Luijcx endf ) Raep olf | 
Hollantse ( Cnol. J 



174 

1656. If ^ve only knew what seeds are most acceptable to you we 

2sthJulv. ^^"1*1 collect them in greater quantities. 

In the Fort, 28th July, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Bieb reck. 
F. Verburoh. 



No. 120. 
List of papers sent per T^mcln to India, dated 28th July, 1G55 : 



1. Original letter to the Council dated as above. 

2. ,, „ per the Aroudètar dated 24th July, 1655. 

3. Requisition and addenda for the Cape. 

4. Invoice of remnants from the ships of Hon. v. Gk>enB. 



5. Ship*s accounts of the L^euicin, 

6. List of papers sent per Arondétar. 



No. 121. 



Instructions for F. Yerburgh and officers of the Tulp about to 
proceed to Madagascar : — 



)oth Auy. As you are ready to go with 5 months' provisions for 25 men 
you shall start with the first fair wind to oarry out our reaolutioQ 
of 17th July and 7th August. 



175 

Indien wij wisten welcke zaden daer't aengenaempeto waren ^<^^'*- 
souden daer van in toeeoroende te meer laten winnen omme o^eiTjuli. 
U£d : tot beter genoegen te grooter quantite toe te mogen Benden 
zullen derhalven gaeme daar van advijs verwachten om ons na te 
mogen regieren, pr. memorie. Hiermede, 

Ed : orutfeste, manhaffte, wel wijse, voorsienighe, seer besoheij- 
den Ueeren, Mijn Heeren, 

Willen wij UEd. na onse oitmoediffhe gebiedenisse ende diens- 
tigbe groete Gode in genade bevolen laten. 

In 't Fort de Qoede Hoope^desen 28 Julij, 1655. 

Onderstont, VEd. seer oitmoedige en : gantaoh onderdanige 
dienaren. 

WaH geteijokent, 

Jan van Rirbbbcq ende 
Frbdrick Vkrhuroh. 



No. 120. 



Register van de pampieren pr. 't jaoht De Leeuwin gedirigeert 
aen d' Ed : Urn. Gouvemeur-Generael en : Kaden van 
India tot BaUvia dato 28 Julij 1655. 

No. 1. Origineel brieffken aen opgem : haer £d : datum uts : 

„ 2. I>'. pr. d' Avondstar ges : dato 24 Julij 1650. 

„ 3. Petitie ende ampliatie tot deselve voor de Gaep'. 

„ 4. Gopiefaotuijrken endeoognossement vaneenige restanten 

uijt de retour vlote van d' Hr. van Goens. 

„ 5. Soheepareecq : van onoosten des jacht» De Leeuwin. 

,, 6. Register van de pampieren met d' Avontstar geeonden. 



No. 121. 



Instructie voor den onderooopman Fredrick Yerburgh ende 
verdere opperhooffden van *t galijot de Tulp seijlvaerdigh 
leggende omme van hier te verseijlen na t groot eijlant 
Madagascar, &or, 

Dewijle UI : dan ten dien eijnde seijlvaerdigh sijt mitsgaders kwu auj^. 
geprovideert ten behoeve van 25 coppen stijff voor 5 maenden 
SCO sullen UI : in den name de^ Heeren den eersten goeden wint 
w^ememen omme hare geordonneerde reijse aen te vangen ende 



176 

1656. You are to proceed direct to Mauritius and deliver our letter to 

lotUAug. ^^® Commander there and request him to give you a vessel to 
accompany you to Madagascar for exploring the rivers and small 
bays along tho coasts of that island, especially those marked in the 
charts entrusted to Verburgh, where the French last year obtained 
more than 30 lasts of rice in 8 or 10 weeks' time, having left their 
ships at the Island of St. Maria. As eoon as you have obtained 
the vessel or know that you cannot get one, you are to leave 
Mauritius iit once for Madagascar, first touching at the Island St. 
Maria — which the Koode Voh did not do, — the last expedition last 
year having promised the people there and at Antongd that they 
would return. Tou are to encourage them as much as possible to 
bring on padi, beans, rice, cadjangh, wax, &c. Tou are sent 
purposely to Antongil to greet the Eang and keep the trade alive 
until we receive further orders from home. Tou are further to 
inquire particularly into everything, and also try and get some 
slaves not younger than 15 and not older than 20 or 25 years. 



Tou are also to see whether any ivory, skins or silk can be had, 
especially about 8t. Lucia and Antipara, where wax is also 
procurable. Tou are also to encourage the natives to produce the 
articles or cultivate them, assuring them that we will return. 



Tou are likewise to observe the seasons and the winds in those 
parts and when and in what manner a vessel may leave Antongil 



177 

ten dien&te van de B : Comp' te volvoeren achtervolgende reeolu- ^^^* 
tien in dato 17 Julij ende 7 Augustij pass** daerover Bpecialijck lo^n aujh, 
genomen mUHgaders hun vorders jsoo in handel als andersints ^ 
reguleren na 't volgende als te weten. 

Eerstelijok regelrecht U cours nemende van hier na 't 
eijlant Mauritius omme aldaer aen 't opperhooft van Comp* 
omslagh over te leveren neffens gaende onse missive ende achter- 
volgende den inhoude van dien oock mondelingh 't insisteren 
om een van desselffs vaertuijghen dat hequaem ende suffiohant 
mochten wesen om van daer op Madagascar mede over te steeoken 
ende aldaer te dienen tot ondeckingo van de rivieren ende cleijne 
baijtjes aen de custen van dat eijlant, insonderheijt suleke als den 
mede gaende onderooopman Verburgh in de caertjens met 
letters is aenwijsende daer de Franoen A." pass" met cleijn vaertuijgh 
in den tijt van 8 a 10 woecken wel over de 30 lasten rijs rehan- 
deld mitsgaders haer schip onder *t eijlant St. Maria laten leggen 
onde den lijs daertoe gevoert hadden. 

Ende alsoo wij voor als nooh geen ander redenen hebben eoet 
gedacht noch te U bevolen Mauritius aen te doen als ten eijnde 
voors : soo sullen UI : 't vaertuijgh g'optineert off niet geobten^. 
hebbende na becomen affscheijt hun met alle spoet weder van 
daer bevorderen ende oversteeoken na Madagascar sonder sulex als 
die van de Roode Vos godaen hadden na te laten eerst aendoende 
't eijlant St. Maria die van onse nader besendinge A'. pass', soo 
wel als die van Antongil belofften gedaen sijn, derhalven sigh 
aen haer verthooneu : endo mot alle doenlijcke middelen suit 
trachten 't animeren tot toevoer van soo veel rijs, padij, bonen, 
ende cadjangh, was, &c\ als desolve sullen cunnen hijeen crijgen 
om haer die n(T te haeleu wanneer ghij uijt de baij van Antongil 
zult weih»rora eomen als wonleude UI : na d baij defo mael 
ex[ire« gesondt»n om den (?oningh te begroeten endo dien verleden 
jaer l)eg<)nnen handel levendigh, niithgaders d . Coningh in hoop 
van continuatie te houden tot wij noch nader ordre van* onse 
Ilm. principalen uijt 't Vaderlant op die traiïijeque zullen hebben 
becomen, derhalven de wij Ie zljt uijt a^orame wel nau onder- 
soeck doen moet mitsgaders beneffens den rijs, eadjangh ende was, 
bonen ooek sien te bt^comen soo veele slaven als mogelijck zij doch 
niet ouder noch jonger als van lö tot 20 k 25 jaren. Soo moeten 
UI: oock sien offer quantite huijden, olipha^tstanden ende op 
sommige plaetsen oock geen zijde te becomen is, insonderheijt 
omtrent St. Lucia ende Anti Pera daer oock was te crijgen is 
ende mede dient opgeleth ende genegotieert mitsgaders d'inwoon- 
ders tot aenqueeck van 't een ende 't ander zoo veel mogelijok 
g'alimeert ende verseeckeringe gegeven van onse wederom compste 
ende wes meer ten dienste van d 'E. Gomp". nodigh mochte vereijs- 
schen ofte practicabel wesen ten welcken eijnde te letten dient 
hoe sigh 't mousson ende de winden daer omtrent houden om te 

N 



178 

1656. for the south, as we have beeo told that it is doDe at all times of the 

iotb~Aug. y^^^ ^y ^^® French and has been done some time ago by the 

Hon. V. d. Stel with the flute Petten. All these matters are to be 

investigated that it may bo known how to visit every place in season. 



Should you not be able to obtain sufficient rice, slaves, wax, &o., 
at the places named, you may return after doubling the north of 
Madagascar by its east coast, and call at St. Augustine Bay where 
also slaves, wax, beans and oadjang, but no rice can be had, to fill 
up your cargo and so return to this. You are not to go lower 
down as you may get too near the Portuguese for whom you will 
be no mat oh. To attack that nation we must await the arrival of 
the yacht from homo which will be better armed. Be therefore 
careful everywhere and mind that the natives are well treated by 
yourselves and your crew and that no cause of dissatisfaction be 
created, that the Company's object with the island may in oourse 
of time be gained. In order to ingratiate ourselves, aoceptable 
presentB may be given to the King of Antongil and the men of 
influence in other places, that they may be drawn to us more 
readily. When you arrive anywhere you are to have a present 
ready which Sr. Verburgh states is amply refunded in the form of 
refreshments. 



\ 
Your Council to direct your proceedings shall consist of : — 

Frederik Verburgh, junior merchant, president 

Comelis Jansen van Holstein, skipper. 

Coroelis van Ueyningen, assistant and bookkeeper. 

Klaas Wopkes of Stavoren, junior mate, and if need be 
also the boatswain. 

By advice of this Council everything is to be ordered, especially 
the oourse to be taken, the risitation of countries, havens, i^c. 



179 

mogen weten hoe off wanneer men yan Antongil suijtwaerts op ^^^* 



Boudo ounnen oomen langhs de wal, zijnde wij g'informeert sulrx 
met noordel : winden 't eenigen tijt yan 't jaer bij de Franoen 
g'obeenreert wort ende bij d'Ë. Van der Stel, pr. do fluijt Petten 
voor deeen oook gedaen is na allen 't weloke nau moet ondeisocht 
worden om alle plaetaen te mogen weten op zijn beqoaeme tijt 
aen te doen. 

Ende soo UI : aen de yoors : plaetsen U genoegen niet geno^h- 
saem ooste becomen, soo yan rijs, slayen, wasch, &ü*, boo souaen 
wij niet yreempt houden dat in de wederom reijse boyen Mada- 
gascar geretoum^ weeende langhs de binnen cant ofte oostaijde 
weder i^saokte tot de baij yan Augustijn daer oook slayen, wasoh 
ende bonen, oadjangh raaer sonderlingh geen rijs te beoomen is 
om hun daenran 't manqueerende dan nooh soo yecl mogelijck 
yorder te suppleren ende yan daer herwaerts te keeren sonder U 
te abuaeren om de binnen oust yorder aff te saoken yermits de 
Portegesen daer te na comdn ende yoor deselye niet suffiohant 
genoegh wesen soud' om op de weloke toe te leggen wij nocli 
waohten moeten tot het g'eijschte ijacht yan meerder deffentie 
uijt 't Ya<lerlant beooraen, daeromme weest oyeral op hoede soo 
wel yoor d* eene als d* ander, ende insonderheijdt toesiende dat 
d* inwoonders yan U ende U yoloq wel bejegent ende geen oor- 
saecken yan misnoegen ffegeyen wort, ten eijnde der Oomp* oogh- 
merok yan dat eijlant bij tijt ende wijle des te beter getroffen 
magh worden ende om ons bij deseWe te aengenamer te maecken 
magh aen den Ooningh van Antongil ende grootten op andere 
plaetaen aomtijta wel eenige soete yereeringe èedaen worden, om 
naer te meer tot d' E. Oomp' genegen ende verbonden te maeoken 
ten dien eijnde op ü eerste aencomen voor d* solve een propre 
schenokinge preparerende om tot een eerste begroetinge te ver- 
eeren alaoo zulex na Sr. Yerburgh's aiRrmatie dooh wel weder met 
yerversinge gereoompenseert wort. 

Omme allen 't weloke dan in behoorlijoke wijse uijt to voeren 
als mede 't aandoen van landen, havens, eto : UI : doorgaens advijs 
van Bade suit gebruijoken, weloken raedt bestaen ende gepleeght 
sal worden bij deee naervolgonde persoonen, als te weten : 

Frbdrick Vrrhuroh, onder ooopman goduerigh preijsis. 

CoRNRLis Jansz : van Holsteijn, schipper. 

CoRNRLis VAN Hbunixoiien, adsistont ende houder van 

* de soheepebouoken. 
Clabs Wopkbs van Stavorbn, onder stuijnnan ende 
als de noot vereijsoht oock den hoogh bootsman. 
Met advijs van alle welcke persoonen gelijck voorseijt alles sal 
bestiert wonlen wat eenighsints van beUngh sij pnneipael 't 
stellen ende veranderen van ooursen, aendoen van landen, havens 
ito* ende wes meer de wiohtigheijt der saeoken na tijt ende stonden 
ten dienste van de Comp' sal bevonden worden te vereijssehen. 

N 2 



lOra Au»c 



180 

1656. jf]^Q invoice oontains the particulars of your cargo. You are to 

loth Aug. P^7 PArtioular attention to what is taken readily, and bear it in 
mind. 

You are likewise to have made perfect charts and drawings of 
all places passed or visited, showing the anchorage, bottom, &o., 
and not to neglect this. 

As we are told that the King of Antongil is sometimes vory 
arbitrary in his permission to allow the rice traffic to proceed, you 
are to encourage him with agreeable presents, and with kindness 
draw him into friendly intercourse. 



As Yerhurgh reports that in some places gold may be obtained, 
you are to inquire into the matter careftdly, also after ginger 
wliioh is to be obtained there in large quantities. It could b(^ drie<l 
and brought over in large quantities— also white and yellow sandal 
wood, whichever sort may be best — rod and white coral found on 
the shores of a certain island in the bay of Antongil, indigo, 
amber, I'lo., whatever may he profitable to the Comi>any. 



You must also bring 8ome cane for hoops for the casks and other 
puq>08es, also some large thitk banilMK) and young ditto in tubs to 
see whether thev will grow here, aim some turmeric, green and 
.Iry. 



Some vines must be brought from Mauritius also growing in 
tubs — likewise some goats to breed hew. 

As Verburgh is well aware of our intentions and last year per- 
sonally visited Madagas(*ar, we shall leave tho rest to him, trusting 
that he will show the same /eal as before in the interest of the 
Company. All therefore are to obey him as if we our8*lvc»s wei-e 
present. 



AVlien you leave St. Augustine Bay for this you should vif^it 
tht* coast aljout Rio des lleys to see whether you may fin<l ( ut 



181 

Waormne u moede gevende carga bectaet cunt uijt do neffens ^^ 
giiondo faotura yomemen ende moeien UI: wel letten wat loenA 
Borteringe over al 't boste onde meeste geirooken sij. Mitsgaders 
daor vaii ooek houden goodu memorie eude notitie» &e*. 

Iiisondorheijt oook latende maecken goede perfecte eaertjes 
ondo teickeuinge van alle aendoende onde verbij seijlendo plaetsen 
uiüt aeuwijsinge van do ancker plaetsen ende gronden, etc : sonder 
«liu*riuuo eeuighsints nalatigh te weeën : — 

Ëudo de wij Ie wij verstaen dat den Coningh van Antongil 
bonitijts (sijn wil niet wordende gedaen) den rijs handel, etc : doet 
ophouden ende oock wel weder goeden voortgangh can laten 
neiuon sul denselven met soote voreeringhtjies moeten g'animeert 
^n«ii* door aifablen ommegaugh 't onswaerts meer ende meer 
geno[^on gomaeokt worden. 

Wijders ^merekt voorn: Sr. Verburgh na dessellls rapport van 
opinie is dat op sommige plaetsen oock gout asoude vallen zoo 
dient inzonderheijt wat naeu ondorsoeck daer na gedaen, item 
oock na gember die der mede veel valt, ende soude eunnen 
gedrooght ende zoo overgevoert worden, mitsgaders geel ende wit 
sandehout welcke soorte t beste is, root ende wit oorael omtrent 
de straut van seeoker eijlant in de baij van Antongil te vinden, 
indigo, amber, etc : ende wes meer voor d' £. Comp* eenigh voor- 
deel uijt mi>ohte te hopen wesen. 

800 dient oook geletn om van daer wat rottangh mede te brengen 
tot heupen voor 't vaetwerok, ende ander saeeken hier ten hooghsten 
nodigh, insgelijex mede eenige groote dieke bamboeeen ende jonge 
do* in balijs al wassende om te proberen off die hier mede souden 
willen ffrooijen oook wat borborrij ofte ourounna, groen ende 
gedrooght. 

Van Mauritius dient mede een wijngaert off 2 in balijs wassen- 
de overgefaraehty item eenige boeken ende geijtjes om hier te laten 
aenteelen. 

Ende alsoo Mons'. Verburgh door de dagelijoke oommunioatien 
r.*jo in als buijten rade gehouden onse intentie ten dienste van d' 
K. Comp" genoeghsaem bekent is, mitsgaders van de Madaffssoarse 
t»aecken A^ pass^ reden ervaringe beoomen heeft, soo soUen wij 
de reste op desselffs naerstigheijt met advijs als voren laten aen- 
oomen, op vertrouwen denselven niet minder vlijt als voor desen 
ten dienste van d' E. Oomp* tot 't een ende 't ander zal eontriboe- 
ren, derhalven ijder een, ofikieren, mafarosen ende soldaten hem 
sullen hebben te ^^ehoorsamen, als off wij aeUb in persoon present 
waren dewijle wij zuloz ten meesten dienste van d' E: Oomp" alsoo 
verstaen te behooren. 

Wanneer UL van de baij Augustijn sohaijt om herwaerts aan 
Ie oomen soo soude ons oodc niet vrempt denoken dat 171 : ten 
oersten saaght dese custe omtrent Bio des Keijs a«ntedoen,omme 
ie vememen off u weer ende wint sulox soude mogen eomen te 



182 

left.*) yy^jjj.0 aliout those ports and Os modaos d'Ouro which last year yoii 

lOth Auir. ^*o*ild not visit because of the heavy winds. It would be good if 

you could, if possible, visit these places on your return. You must 

touch the coast and if you do so higher or lower does not much 

matter as regards the voyage itself. 

In the Fort, 10th August, 1655. 

(Signed' J. v. Kikbef.(k. 



No. 122. 

To the junior merchant Maximih'an de Jonge, Commander of the 
Fortress called Frederik Uendrik, sent per the Tulp, 



Ijatt year when the Tuip was sent to explore the East Coast, 
we also ordered it to visit Madagascar, and Sr. Verburgh obtained 
a good supply of rice and padi in the Bay of Antongil, with the 
promise to the King that he would return, &c. 



For carrying on the trade, &c., we expect within 5 or 6 months 
from Holland a well armed yaoht, and have consequently resolved 
to send the Tttlp as a forerunner with an aooeptaole present for 
the King and for the purpose of keeping the trade alive and 
leaving no doubt about our rotuining. 



Having also gathered from Verburgh's report that a French 
ship anchored at St. Maria had with its boats visited some rivtrs 
of Madagaaoar named Monamboelo and in 8 or 10 weeks obtained 
aljove 30 lasts of rice, besides the quantity unexpectedly obtained 
by Verburgh in Antongil and St. Maria, we have decided as 
no delay in the voyage would be caused, to let the galiot 



183 

dienen dat noch ompassaut in haere wederom reijse eenigo ont- ^^^• 
deokinge koste becomen inBouderheijt van Rio des lieijs ende Os i^^iAvg. 
Medaos d'Ouro daor UI : A*^ pass om de harde wint niet ooste 
aoncomen ende nu mochte aentreffen, des dit hebben gootgedaobt 
TJl : in memorije te brengen ommo sigh na tijt onde weers gelo- 
gentheijt na te mogen reguleren altoos zal het zeer goet wesen dat 
zulox in maniere als voors : empass^ in de wederom reijse besocht 
wort, alsoo doch deso cust hier n^oosten moet aen doen om hier te 
oomen, ende oil sulex dan wat hooger off lager geschiet zal 
apparent weijnigh beleth in de weerom reijse maken. 

In 't fort de Goode lloope desen 10 " Augusto 1655. 

Was geteijckent, Jax van Rikkrbck. 



No. 122. 



Aen den onderc3opman Maximiliaen de Jonge, 

Opperhoof t van Oomp' fortresse genaempt Fredrick I lendrick, 
pr. 't pal jot do Tulp gesz : 

Eersame, voorsienige, soer discrete, Sr. 

AIzoo wij verloden jare met dit zelve galjot de Tulp tot ont- 
deokinge van de euston desen hoeck om empassant oock laten aen- 
doon, hebben 't groot eijlant Madagascar onder administratie van 
den ondercoopman Fredrick Yerburgh ende door denselven in de 
baije van Antongil ende 't eijlant St. Maria redelijcke partije rijs 
ende padij beoomen midtsgaders beloften aen den Uoningh gedaen 
is van wederom te comen, &c'. 

Item oock dat wij binnen 5 u 6 maenden tot vervolgh van dien 
handel ende andere saecken moer uiit Yaderlant van onse lleeron 
principalen verwachten een redelijck deffenoijff jacht, soo ist dat 
wij na overlegh van saecken hebben goetgevonden weder vooraf te 
senden dit galjot de Tulp primipal : om den Coningh etc : met 
een soete vereeringhe te begroi*ten ende dien begonnen handel 
levendi^h te houden om denselven Coningh in geen al te lange 
twijffelinge van onse wed< rom compete te laten. 

Ende alsoo wij uijt de rapporten van voorm : Sr. Yerburgh 
ervaren hebben ende g'informeert zijn dan seockcr Frans schip 
onder St. Maria leggende met sijn barke langhe is geweest in 
eenighe revieren van Madagascar genaempt Monamboelo ende 
aldaer binnen 8 a 10 weeckeu wel over de 30 lasten rijs hadden 
gehandolt boven de partij «.* die voors: Yerburgh in Antongil ende 
St. Maria soo onverdacht oock noch haddo becomen foo heeft ons 
goet gedacht dewijle Mauritius aen te doen in de reijse op Mada- 
gascar doch geen ongelegentheijt ofte verlet can gecauseert worden, 



184 

1R6Ó. touch at Mauritius auJ requebt you to furnifiU it with the 
loth Aug vessel which as we have been told by the officers of 
the Roode Vos you intended to use for eomniuuieatiug 
with Madagascar as you have no work for it at present 
and India lias decided to send you no yacht for the puri)08e. Should 
it now be sent in company with tlie Tulp it might be c<>nveniently 
used at Madagascar for further exploration of all the rivers and- 
small bays, &o. In caso it be not ready, we would be glad if you 
could funiish us with another craft, as you have no need for 
them, being only 30 in number, whilst the vessel would bo of very 
great service to the Masters. We have therefore expressly 
ordered the yacht to touch at Mauritius that you may comply with 
our request, and sliould the vessel be still in buildine that you may 
get it ready by the time when wo expect the yacht from Patria 
which we intend to send after this in accordance with the Masters' 
instructions, that the trade may be thoroughly done, &c. 



You are also requested to oommunica^e to Verburgh the con- 
tents of the Journals letters and papers of tlie lion, van der Stel 
regarding the traffic with Madagascar and the replies of the India 
Council on the subject. 

Do not detain the galiot unless a few days are required for 
preparing the vessel asked for. Verburgh, &o., have been ordered, 
should th^y not get a oraft from you, at onoe to leave for Mada- 
gnsear. They are to be back here in time for work necesaary to 
be done. 



You are not to take any one from the vessel against the will of 
the oflicers, as most of the crew are men who by good conduct and 
t>ervices rendered at those troublesome Cape works have been 
allowed to make this voyage. We have also ruled that this boat 
shall not t)e manned by leas than 25 in order to be able to do 
its duty, &o., &o. 

(Signed) J. v. Ribbuck. 

In the Fort, 10th August, 1655. 



18fi 

't voornoemde galjot t* onlouDereu van hier regel recht zijue reijee ^*^^* 
eerst te nemen aen Mauritius ende VI : over te leveren doae onso n»p„ \^^^^ 
missive dienende omme UI : te versoueken dat voorsz : Sr. Yer- 
burgh ende d' op|)orh()offden van d*^ galjot geliefi t' accommoderen 
met 't vaertuijgn 'twoluke wij verstaen hebben uijt d' opperhooff- 
den van de Uooile Vos dat VE. tot de traftijo<(ue op Madagascar 
voomcMuens waert ti» tloeu maken dewijle 't zelve u jogonwoordigh 
«looh ni«'t oiiu ie pas conien vermits uijt India daertoe geen jacht 
goot gevonden wort t' emploijeren ende 't selve jigenwoordigh in 
comp van de Tulp oversteeekende daer fraij dienen sonde cunnen 
tot Desoeokinge ende nader ontdeokinge van alle rievieren ende 
kleijne baijckens, &c\ ofte soo d vaertuijgh niet mochto vaerdigh 
wesen dat UI: dan gelieffdon *t bequaemste van sijn ander vaertuijgh 
te largeien alsoo wel doch ^issinge maken UI : dezelve al te miden 
niet te stade oomen, omdat jegenwoordigh daer maer 30 Comp' die- 
naren g'ordineert zijn te resideren ende soodanige vaartuijgh de 
E. Comp' ten eijnde voormelt aen Madagascar zeer dienstigh 
weeën zoude waeromme wij oock dit galjot expres Mauritius 
laten aendoen met versoeck dat UI: tot 't geseijde gelieilt te ver- 
staen ende soo 't ander vaertuigh op stapel is aal goet wesen 
't selve gelieff te laten voltoijen tegen de compste van 't gem" jacht 
uijt 't Patrija dat wij alsdan na d' ordre van onse Urn. Meesters 
menen na te senden om den voors: handel ter degen te vervolgen 
ende wijders te doen 't gene haer Eid: op die ende meer andere 
saken sullen gelieven te ordonneren. 

Soo gelieven UI: ook voorê: Sr. Yerbiurffh te communiceren de 
daghregisters, brieven ende pampieren van d £• Van der Stel wegen 
de traffijcque van Madagascar. Item oock die d' Ed. Hrn. Qene- 
rael ende iiaden van Inoia daerop successive hebben in antwoorde 
ges: om hem tot noch meerder narightinge te mogen dienen. 

Wijders geliefft UI: oock gereoommandeert te blijven dit galjot 
niet op te houden ten ware aen *t prepareren van 't geseijde vaer- 
tuijgh eenige weijnige dagen vertouvens vereijsohte maer anders 
hebben wij Sr. Verburgh ende d' opperhooffden g'ordonu^ bij non 
obtenue datelij eken van oostij te vertrecken ende hun gedesti- 
neerde voijagie op Madagascar te spoedigen etc: derhalven UI: 
deselven op luker versoeck gelieft te larfferen alsoo 't hier tijdeUjck 
dient wederom te wesen tot eenige andere saecken daer wij 't toe 
van noden hebben, d' adviso. 

Soo gelieven UI: oock niemant tegen wil van voorn : opperhoof- 
den daer all lo lichten alsoo 't meest lui j don sijn die door haer 
goede oomportementen ende gedane devoiren aen de lastighe Caopso 
wercken toegostaen sijn dit toch jon heen ende weer te doen ende 
bij ons verscaen wort d ' scheepken niet minder als met 25 coppen 
dient gemant te sijn tot uijtvoer van desselffs bevolen saecken. 
Pr. memorie. 



186 



lOth Aug. 



Tist of papers entrusted to Yerburgh about to leave in the 
Tufp for Madagascar. 



1. Instruetious for himself and officers of the galiot dd. 10th 
August, 165Ö. 

2. Invoice of cargo. 

3. Copy of letter of Com. van Biebeeck to the Commander of 
Mauritius, dated as above. 

4. List of provisions for Mauritius sent by the India Board 
per KaheljüHic, 

5. Original sealed letter of Hiebeeck for Mauritius, contents as 
above. 



No. 123. 
Batavia. 

To the India Council. 



2nd Sept. Though wo wrote you ^x Arond^tar and Lcfuwitty on the 26th 
and 31 st July, and informed you of everything, we do not like this 
vessel to leave without a line. From the annexed copy of letter 



187 

Ende alaoo 8' Verburgh UI : van alles wol zal vorders ounnen *^- 
beright doen als hebbende kennisso van saecken, soo sullen wij |o^ j^^^^ 
desen beslui j ten. Ende 

Hiermeede, 

Bename, voorsienige, seer discroto &\ UI : met sijn bij hebbent 
maelflohap na onse gebiedenisso ende hortelijko groete Gode 
in genaden bevolen laten. 

Onderetont, 

UI : goede vrient, was goteiokent, 

Jan van Uikhkkck. 
lu't Fort d<» Goede 1 loope, 
deeen 10^" Augustij 1655. 

A^gister van de pampieren gestelt in handen van den Ondercoop- 
man Fredriek Verburgh, staende te vertreck van hier pr. *t 
ffaljot de Tulp na *t eijlant Madagascar tot vervolgh van den 
begonnen handel aldaer, etc. 

No. 1. Instructie voor denselven ende verdere op|>erhoofFden des 

gem: gal jot?, gedateerd 10'" Augnsto 1655. 
9, 2. Faotura van 't cargasoen in d*' galjot. 
,9 3. Copie missive door den Commandeur Riebeeok ges : aen 't 

Opper hooft van't eijlant Mauritius, gedateert als boven. 
„ 4. Memorie van de provisien door d' Hm: Qenerael ende 

Raden van India pr. de Cabeljou voor d*" Mauritius 



Originele gesloten missive door voors : Commandeur aen 
gem: Opperhooft van Mauritius ges: gedateert ende 
van inhoude als de bovengenoemde copie. 



No. 123. 
Batavia. 

Aea d' E. Urn. Qouvemeur-lienerael ende liaden van India 
per 't sohip N : Rotterdam geschreven. 

Ed : emtfeste, manhafte, wel wij se, voorsienige, seer discrete 
Heeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

Alhoewel wij met de jachten Avontstar van II(X>rn ende Leeuwin 2«i 8«pt. 
van Delft (26 ende ui Julij res{HM;tive van liier na Batavia 
▼ertrocken) ÜEd : van alles hebben ^^es : zulcx ons jegenwoordigh 
g6«n stoffe zonderlin^h meer overigh sij soo hebben wij echter om 
geen schijn van indiligentie te thooneu dit schip evenwel souder 



188 

1656. fj.Qm tjj^, mastora you will gather Umi ou llie 2n(l Fuliruary Wwy had 
JihI s pt. *^"^ ^^i^ tJ^ö galiüt Appvlhoom which haö uut vet arrived. We foar 
that it hiu. met with diaaöter. Wo likewise expect another gali(»t, 
the Xuc/ififlas, dcbtiiied for the whale iibheiy and exploration '»t 
th(* eastern coast, as the inclosed iuforniatiou from home will tell 
you. You will also lie able to mther our miu^ters* opiuiMii 
regarding the seal fishery and agricultiure. When the dry buuhou 
sets in wo hope to commence again in order to have a good supply 
for the return fleet, which will find a large supply oi vegctnbl's 
and fresh meat here. 



Wo have again sent the Tulp to Madagascar on the 14th August 
under the junior merchant, F. Yerburgh, with onlers to touch at 
Mauritius and ask the oommander there for a craft expressly built 
there for visiting the small harbours and bays of Madagascar. 
The result we shall communicate to you. 



(Signed) J. v. Bikhkki k. 



In the Fort, 

2nd September, 1655. 



189 

adhiijven niet willen laten vertreoken dienende principal : ^^''* 
tot advijs dat wij uijt missive onser Urn. Meesters (waenran do ^^ soi>t. 
oopij«9 hier bij gaet) onder anderen vernemen haer £d : den 2^" 
Febroarij herwaerts aen hadden a£Fgeionden een galjot genaemj^t 
daa Appelboom^ 'twelok tot noch hier niet verschenen sijnde, wij 
vreten qual : sal gevaren wesen, onde staet ons noch toe te comen 
een ander galjot genaempt 't Nachtglas gedestineert soo uijt haer 
Ed : vorige ak de genr' missive vernomen) tot de walvisvanghst 
ende ondeokinge eenigor plaetsen hier b* oosten do Caep etc : 
gelijok uijt de oo^e t' uwer Ed : speculatie sal cunnen worden 
vernomen ende wes meer deeelve haer Ed : over de robben vellen 
ende lantbou sijn ordonerende daer wij voomomens sijn met 
goeden ijver tegen de haest aenoomende tijt met 't drooge weder 
waoker aen te vallen, omme goede partije op voorraet te mogen 
hebben t^^ de compste van de retour vlote die wij derhalven 
hopen altemaleu sullen aencomcu om deselve wedor te mogen in- 
nemen, 't sal aen overvloedige ververssinge insonderheijt van 
thnijnvmohten met Qodes hulpe vo^ir haerl : niet manqueeren. 

Tot naeder preuvo ende onde<!kinge van den handel op Mada- 
gaaoar, etc: hebben wij 't galj(»t. de Tulp op den 14 " August ij 
verieden onder adminifttratie van don onder-coopman Fredrick 
Yerburgh wedor derwaerts gesonden neifens oniro om in de giu^ 
reiJM Mauritius empassant aen to doen ende aldoor van 't opper- 
hooft te versoecken soocker VAortuigh bij donselvon expres op stapel 
smet om de cleijne havens c^n : baijckeus aon voors : eijlant 
Madagascar te bevaren ende uijt onde in to mogen lopen 't suoces 
hopmi wij XJEd : na volbraehtor rei j so te advisoron. 

lliermee<lo, 

Ed: emtfeste, mnnhafto, wolwijso, voorsiouigo, seor bosoheijdone 
Hm: 

Mijn lh»oron, 

Will<*n wij TEd : na onso oitm«>edigo c^i»biod«»nisso ou : gantsch 
dienstigho grreto (io<lo in geiiiul«*n Im'voUmi on : in dors<>hor 
Tormogemler gun^to altijt voor gere<ommandoort laton. 

( )ndorstnnt. 
1 'Eil : gantsoh oitmoodigon en ondordanigen dionaer, 
Was goteickont. 

Jan van Hifhr<'.(k. 

In *t Fort de Ooede Hoope, 

deeen O"* September, A' Hi55. 



190 

iWö. £igt of papers sent per ^V. Rotterdam to Batavia, dated 2nc 

2iidlepu September, 1656. 

No. 1 . Original letter to the CoimoiL 

No. 2. Copy of ditto from the 17 to Iliebeeok, dated 16th April 
1655. 
No. 3. Ships' acoounts. 



No. 124. 

Instruotions for Corporal Willem Muller, prooeeding * as th< 
chief of a party of 9 soldiers with the interpreter Herry and somi 
merchandise inland, to oi>en up trade, &e. 

7th 8qit. As by yesterday's resolution it was deoide<l that you and I 
healthy volunteers were with Henry to take a journey inland, t 
open up trade communication with certain natives who have no 
yet boen here, and with whom, acoonling to Herry, much can b 
done as regards cattle, ivory, feathers, &o., and as everything i 
now ready, and Herry likewise, you are to proceed in the Name o 
the Ix)rd, and take care to keep a good watch and also make oarefu 
notes of everything occurring on the way, in onler on your returi 
to be able to give a good account. 



In trading you shall make your prices as Herry advises, ani 
observe what he pays for one thing and another, and for wbal 
You receive 

45 plates red copper, weighing 20 lbs. "^ | 

42 lbs. thick \ f^ 

42 lbs. middling yellow copper \yin\ together 164 lbs. ^ 

80 lbs. thin ) J § 

24 yellow copper charmlets. 
1 roll tobacco, weighing 44 lbs. 

. . pieces iron, weighing .... 

1 \ gross tobacco pipes. 

Some red beads and some ooii\Tiee. 
You are also to find out whether besides («attle, hides of oxen an< 
other animals, ivory, ostrich feathers, musk, gold, or somethin 



191 

Beptter Tan depampieren gedirigeert p"* 't schip N : Rotterdam i^^^* 
ten d : E : Hm : Gouverneur-Qonerael en : Radeu van India ««n flmt 
dato 2 Septemb : 1655. ^ ' 

No. 1. Originele missive aen deselve haer Ed : dato als boven. 
ff 2. Oopie do. van de Hrn. zeventhiene ges : aen den Com- 

mandeur van 't Fort de iïoede Hoope, dato 16 April, 1655. 
n 3. Soheeps reeeq. 



No. 124. 

Inttmetie voDr den Corporael Willem Muller gaende als hooft 
over een troup van 9 soldaten in Comp' van den ioleq Herrij 
ntffens eenige coopmans : te landewaert in tot ondersoeek van 
luuidel, etc. 

Dewijle bij den Raed goetgevondon is als per resolutie gister Ten Sept. 
in u bijwosen gister <laer over special : genomen dat UI : mot een 
troep van lieff hebbers of to frisse soldaten onder zijn gezagh 
]ie£fens den tolcq llerrij in oomp' soudet een tocbjen doen 't 
landewaert in, met de onderges : ooopmans : tot ondersoek van 
handel omtrent eenige inwoondors die nooh noijt hier versohenen 
aijn ende Herrij ons affimirert wel wat medo te doen sal wesen 
bijaonderl : in bestiael, ende oock wel eenige oliphants tanden, 
struijs veren, ofte andersints, ende dat alles tot dien tooht jeffen- 
wooniigh gereet ende Herrij mede vaerdigh is soo zullen UI : hun 
met denselven dan in den name Qodes op wegli begeven ende wel 
toesien dat overal goede waoht ende *t wakende ooge hout neffens 
aenteiekeninge wat u overal voorvalt om ons op sijn retour 
behoorlijok 't rapport te cunnen doen. 

Sullende oook van *tgeene datter gehandelt wort, in 't maken 
der prijs Herrij 's onderrichtinge volgens ende maer letten hoe 
Teel ende wat hij voor 't een ende *t ander geeft waertoe u mede 
gegeven wort : 

46 rode platen ooper wegende 20 Ib."^ 

67 dicke | geele | j 

67 dunne I platen ) samen wegende . . 220 Ib. ! ^/^^ « _ , 
42 1b.dick ) j>4041b.oop. 

42 Ib. middelbaer > geel copenlraet, is samen 164 Ib. j 
HO Ib. dun ) J 

24 geele oopere kettinghskens. 
1 rol tabaoq wegende 44 Ib. 
•taven ijser wegende 
1} groe tabaoq pijpen. 
Wat roode ooraeltjes ende weijnigh bougijls ofte oauries. 
Blijvende UI: wijders gerecommandeert insonderheijt te letten 
of onder de opvindende inwoonders beneffens 't bettiael oook geen 



192 

16.55. eigc serviceable to the Company can be had, and you aie to bring 
7t}i si^pt. ^® some samples, however valueless they may appear in your eyes, 
that we may know whether minerals or precious stones may not 
be found. 



You are also to do your best by kind persuasion to induoo some 
of the chief men to visit us and make our acquaintance. 



That the soldiers may be under proper discipline, they aro 
ordered to acknowledgo W. Muller as their chief as if we were 
present in our own porson. We tnist that because of his long 
experience in India he will conduct himself as the faithful ohief of 
tilt' m<»n and further the interests of the Company. We wish you 
prosperity and blessing on your travels, hoping that Qtxl will lead 
you back safe and sound. 



In the Fort, 
7th Se]>t ember, lOo*). 



(Signed) J. v. Riekreck. 



No. l>0. 



'Uli Oft. 



Insrru«tion> for thf^ iipsistant. J. Woutersen, proceeiUng with the 
Uiihht jfn hf and P'/if/'HH to Saldanlia Bay and the islands for tho 
purpofi*» ni soul fisliing. 

You liavc be«'n provide<l with th»* neo<*8sary t(»<il« and with sun- 
]>lic8 for si\ we(»k> for 2-5 men. Also with meat and i)ork for fully 
three luonths. 



You are t«» manage carefully and keep the men at work th-U a 
larg<' numl»er of skins may be securod. 

*J't men go with you, viz. : — 

• Ï m^'U, among thorn tho chief mate, TjTiuïn Egberts, to take 

Cftl*ü nf tlio Rnhht jtlrht. 

2o ilitto. among them J. Wout*'n>on, as superintendent of the 
M*al fishery on tlu* islands. 



193 

overvloei van eenige koebeeeten eade ander dieren, huijden, ^^^* 
oUpliants tanden, struijiveeren, muaouB, gout ofte ieits andere 7^ g^pt. 
d* Ë. Comp" dienatigh ount vernemen ons daervan brengende 
eenige monBters hoe geringh het oook in u ooge mochte 
Boliijnen ende ondersoeokt oook off ergens niet een minerael off 
gofltoenton te vinden sijn. 

Soo moeten UI: oock sion off ghij mot allo minne en: vrunde* 
lijckh* cunt to wege brengen datter eenige van de grootsten ofte 
ovrrsten der Inwoonderen met u hier uomen om wat nader kenniaae 
ende alliantie met deeelve te mogen maeoken. 

Ende opdat de gemelte 9 soldaten te meer ende beter onder 
behoori: disiipline ende ordre souden mogen blijven too worden 
deeelve bij desen wel ezpreeselijck eelast den voors: Corporael 
Willem Muller geduij rende deee fookt voor haer opperhooft te 
gehoorsamen, alsoff wij selffs in persoon present waren op ver- 
trouwen denselven na sijn lange Indische ervarentheijt sigh in 
desen allee zal dragen soo als een eerl: hooft over soodanigen trop 
soldaten toestaat ende behoort, mitsgaders bevonden sal worden 
ten moesten dienste van d' E. Comp** te vereijssen waermede UI: 
dan gesamentlijok geluok ende zegen op de reijse zijn toewen- 
schende met hoope dat u Qodt de Ueere salvo ende met geeontheijt 
ha«'9t sal laten wederom oomen 

In 't ft»rt do (loede Hoope, desen T»^" Septomb : 1655. 

Was geteijokent. Jan van Rirbkrck. 



No. 125. 



Instructie voor den adsistent Jan Wouters: gaende van hier 
met de ohaloup de Bobbejacht ende Peguijn na de baij van 
Saldanha om op d* ei j landen in ende omtrent deselvebaij de robbe 
vanghst weder bij der bant te nemen. 

Tot uijtvoeringe van 't weleke UI : version met de behoorlijoke 
gereetsehap daer toe vereijsschende mitsgaders geprovideert voor 
6 weecken ten behoeve van 23 eeters behalven vleijs ende speek 
wel stijff voor '4 maenden als bij de Memorie UI : daervan ter 
hant gestelt weder zult cunnen sion gereoommandeert blijvende 
alles nae behooren te minageeren mitsgaders de luijden aen haer 
devoir te houden ten eijnde desen jare weder goede partije vellen 
mogen werden opgesamelt waertoe wij dan g'ordonneert hebben 
met u *t gaen vooreerst 23 man namentl : 

3 Man daer onder den opperstuijrman Tijmon Egbertz : tot 
bewaringe van de sloep llobbejacht. 

20 <laer onder den adsistent Jan Woutersz : als opperhooft 
over de roblievangers op d' Ei j landen. 



.'",.11 (K-t 



194 

1655. q^(^Q fishery is to be oommenoed on the islands in the bay, an 

20th~c>ct. I^a-'wsön Island is not to be interfertMi with that the seals may ii 
the meanwhile multiply there, that aftorwanls tho whole lot raa 
bo quickly caught with a larger number of raon. The skins ar 
to be proi>erly rured that they may not bo exposed to rot ; th 
masters having already complained of this and ordered that th 
legs are to remain attached to the skins. The fish is to be takei 
out carefully. Cutting off the legs makes large holes ii 
the skins, and you are to see how this order can b 
carried out, and report to us as soon as possible 
in order to communicate the result to the masters. You are als^ 
to collect as many young seal skins ns possible, and take cure tha 
the animals are properly skinned tluit the skins may be wel 

Cerved. The skins of the unborn seem to be the finest an< 
, but you are to make proper investigation and take care tha 
a good supply will be ready for the return fleet for the benefit o 
the Company and in your own interest. 



Although the India Council do not wish to have any more oi! 
you are to bum a little for use here. 

Tho Robhejactit is to wait for a cargo of skins, an<l the deoke* 
boat is to remain with you (the Penfjuin), Furtlier onlers will b 
given after hearing from you. 



From our daily conversations you have fathered our intention! 
and your own experience will tell you further what is to be done 
we tliereforo «lepeuil upon your diligence and refer you tf) lai 
year*s instructions. 

In tile Fort, 20th October, 1655. 

^Signed) J. van Uikbeeck. 



195 

Weloke vanghst dan ventaen ia eerst waor t« nemen op d' *•**• 
ei j landen in de eem : baij omme daer allee vooraff te yan^n ende 20tnOct. 
op *t Dassen Eijlant soo lange mot vreden te laten ten eijnde de 
robben daer tiiBschen bei j de wat meer moghen vermenighFuldigen 
om daer naer met meerder voloq in aller ijl deselve al te samen op 
te vangen wordende UI : bij desen op *t hooghste mede bevolen 
de vellen na behooren te laten villen ende dat \ vet fraij eude 
suijver daer ad gesohaeft worde ten eijnde deselve doch geen 
verrrot tingen en mogen onderworpen wesen daer onse Hm. M" 
per haere jonghste missiven aen ons al eenighfinta over hebben 
geclaeght mitsgaders oook g^ordonneert dat men de pooten van de 
robben aen de vellen laten ende de vis daer fraij ui jtnemen souden 
om dat 't afFsnijden van dien te groote gaeten maeokt 't welok 
UI: dan sullen ondernemen ende proberen hoe dat gaan wil 
mitsgaders ons daarvan sendende ten eeiaten advijs omme op- 
gem : onse Urn. M"* beboorl : van antwoorde te mogen dienen. 

Soo sullen UI : oook sien zoo veel mo£Fe vellekens op te gaderen 
als moffel : zij ende letten dat die onder in den buijek properl : aen 
den hals ende bij de staert daer men de handen in moet steeoken 
wenlen opgesneden ende de vis sohoon uijtgehaelt om ^lijok 
d* andere vellen oook te mih verrottinge onderworpen te zijn soo 
dunokt ons oook de beste ende schoonste van haer wel te wesen die 
noch niet geworpen sijn maer uijt de moer gesneden worden van 
allen 't welcke UI : naeuwe opmerokinge suit hebben te nonen 
insonderheijt te benaerstigen datter weder een gcede partije tegen 
de compete van de retour vlote mogen gereet wesen waar aen 
d' E : Corap' dienst geschiede ende voor UI : eere te behalen is. 

Ende alhoewel d' Ed : Hm : Ghenerael ende Raden vao India 
den robben traen hebbon affges : zoo suit ecnter wat branden tot 
behoeff van Comp' omslagh alhier. 

Wij vinden oock goet dat de grootste sloep Robbejacht daer in 
de baij bij U sal bliiven, tot een ladinge vellen voor denselven 
suit in voorraet hebben met d' welcke UI : hem dan cunt herwaerts 
afbonden ende honden bij U aen d* eijlanden d' oj^boeijde 
boot ofte üleijne sloep Peguiju als wanneer wij dan na 't advijs 
dat ons daer neffens oompt sullen zien wat vorder sal dienen 
gedaen ende aen UI : g'ordonneert. 

Ende de wij Ie UI : door de dagelij oxe communicatie onse 
intentie ten dienste van d' E. Comp' wel hebt verstaan mitsgaders 
door aireede beoomen ervarentheijt genoeghsarai bewust sijt wat 
U vonlers te doen staet soo sullen dit voor genoegh laten weaen 
ende de rest e laten aenoomen op U te doene naerstigheijt als 
vertrouwen : sigh niet min vlijtigh als voor desen suit dragen, ons 
wijders refererende aen d' instructie ende missiven UI : A pasa 
toegevought zoo veel in dezen niet verandert wort. 

o 2 



196 






No. 126. 

Inntniotions for the chief mate Tymon Egberts, about to proceod 
to Saldanha Bay with the Rohhfjneht and Penguin, 



As your sloop is ready with everything for the seal fishery, you 
are to prooeed as noon as you can, that Wouters and his men may 
oommenoe on the islands at onoe ; the Robffejachi is to wait for u 
fargo of skins, and you are to remain in (charge of her, with Elios 
Pietersz and Dirk Jannz of Amsterdam. When you leave, you are 
to take 2 men from Woutersen, whom he can best spare; but if 
the Nachtylas arrives sooner, which may happen, that she may b** 
eloaned, wp will take care that you are provided with 3 experienced 
men, that as many may be left for the seal ÜKhery as possible, a 
matter of great importance to the Company. You are also to 
asrist to the best of your ability, &o. 

In the Fort, 20th October, 1655. 

(Signed) J. V. UiRRKKrK. 



197 

Waermede dan afiTbreeokende willen UI : den dienst van d' E. *^*- 
Oomp' op 't hooghfte gereoommandeert laten met toewonaingh Tan 206nOct. 
geluok ende voonpoet in U bevolen aaken. 

In't Fort do Goede Hope, doeen 2(r Ootober 1665. 

Wa« geteijokent, Jan van Rikbkkck. 



No. 126. 



Instructie voor den Op)>er8tuijrman Tijmon Egbertaz : tot do 
seijlaets ora te \aren met de Chaloupen Kobbejaoht ende 
Pe^uiju van hier ua de baij van Saldanha. 

Alsoo alle ^ereetaohap ende provideu etc : tot de robben vanghst 
in de genolte sloepe is ingescheept, dierhalven 't selve genoegh • 
saein zeijlvaerdijrh light, zoo zullen UI : sigh bevorderen metten 
eersten goeden wiut onder seijl te gaen om daer op 't spoedighste 
te mogen gemecken, ten eijude den adsistent Jan Woutersz : met 
zijn g'ordonneerde voloq aldaer op d' eijlanden ten eersten magh 
aen de robbenvanghst vallen, suilende ulieden met 't Robben- 
jai'htjen daar soo lange in de baij blijven tot denselven een ladinge 
vellen^voor u gereet heeft om hier te brengen ende ondertussohen 
de gemelte Chaloup bewaert blijven met u persoon (als opperhooft 
van *t selve) mitsgaders de persoon Elias Pieters : ende Dirok 
Jau6 : van Anister : maer wanneer UI : met de voors : vellen suit 
werden affgeaonden sal u den assistent voors: van sijn Toloq 
aooommoderen met nooh 2 man van die hij uijt de robbenTanghst 
met *t minste verleth beat missen magh. Edooh soo ondertussohen 
't gal jot 't Naohtglaa daer eerder quam (gelijok om nodigh schoon 
te maeoken wel gebeuren mochte) sullen wi] ak dan ordre stellen 
dat Til : van 't selve met 3 bevaren peraoonen version wort om te 
nu-<r voltij a^-n de robbenvanghst te laten daer voor d' E. Comp" 't 
principaelste aen gelegen ia ende UI : oock gereoommandeert wort 
soo veel mogelijok meede de hant aen te bieden, willende UI : 
wijders tot b(<aluijt toewensoheu geluok ende behouden reijse. 

Int Fort do Goede Hoope, deaen 20^*' Ootob : 16ö5. 

Wüö getoijokont, Jan van Kiihskck. 



l>9th Ort. 



198 



No. 127. 
Patria. 



To tho Directors of the Chamber of 17 i>eut ]»er English shi|» 
Löve via Kugland. 



i<»5.-). With the Hon. Lairosse, Hon. Qeens, and the Prim we wrote 

to the 17, and ]»articularly also to the Amsterdam Chamber we 
sent fiill particulars of matters here, and answerecl your letters, 
including those of 6th October, 1654. 

Since have arrived the AmiuMar^ &c., whilst the Hon. Kemp 
and UcrjterM cannot be far away — becalmed, no doubt ; we are 
('arefully looking out for them. 



With tho bhips mentioned we received the following letters, 24th 
December, 1654, &c., from tho Chamber of 17 and from 
Amsterdam. Our respectful reply in as follows : — 



The ApprWoitfn has not yet arrived and we fear that it has met 
\ni\\ an aoeident. The Boterbloem has safely arrived in India riW 
the Cape. Regarding matters here we must b<» brief, at the 
Englishman only intends to remain over a day. The whale 
tishery is ke[)t in abeyance until we receive further orders from 
you, as India do4« not require any oil. The seal fishery we haTe 
recommenced tliis month, and we hopt» to have a large supply of 
6kins on hand when the return ilec*t arrives. 



KJ.i.'i. 



199 



No. 127. 
Tatria. 

Aen d' E. U'" Mijn Ueereu de Bewinthebbereu van de Generale 
Nederlantsche g'ootroij eerde Oo»t Indisclie Comp" ter Tergade- 
ringe van de 17en p"t Engels schip de Love ofte Lie£Fde over 
Engelant gesz. : 

Ed : emtfeste, groot achtbare, welwiJ8e,voor8ienige,seer besoheij- 
den Heeren. 

Mijn Ileeren, 

Bij ouse missiven pr.de vloten onder d* E. Laiiesse, d. Ut. van 
Goens ende met 't jaoht de Prins soo aen de vergaderinge van 17en ^,^,„"7)^^. 
als de Camer A.mst : partioulier g'addresseert hebben wij wegen 
dose Caepse saooken omttandigh advijs gegeven, mitsgaders b'ant- 
woort UEd : beoomen brieven tot die van den 6en October 1654 
induiis. 'T sedert sijn hier uijt 't Vaderlant weder wel g'arriveert 
de schepen, jachten ende galjots Avontstar, op 18 ; L^uwin 22 
Julij; Uotteitlam 24 Augustij ; Nachtglas 20 ende Arnhem 21 
October d: E: Kemp ende Herpers met de sdiepen Amersfoort en : 
Salmauder mede niet verre van hier wesende, dewelcke vertrouwen 
door stilte (deee tijts jaers hieromtrent subject) niet cunnen voort- 
eomen maer worden van uijr tot uijr verwacht ende geduijrigh na 
uijtgesien. 

Met weloke voorhaelde scheepen wij sueoessive wel hebben 
becomen UEd: aengename missiven van den 24en December 1654 : 
ISen Januari] ende 16 April deses lonende jaers 1655 : soo uijt de 
vergaderinge van de ifen als oock van de Camer Amsterd : 
particulier, op dewelcke met alle eerbiedigheijt deee antwoorde 
vervolgeus oortelijck zijn doende. 

Eerstelijrk dat 't galjot de Appelboom tot heden noch niet i» 
verschenen, der halven in vreese jQJn van ongeluck, maer de Botter- 
blom is Gode lo£( A pass over dese plaetse al in India behouder 
aengeoomeu, ende wat hier in 't een ende 't ander bij ons \è gedaen 
sal hier oortelijck werden aengeroert alsoo den Engelsman maer 
een dagh hier meent te blijven leggen. 

Aengaende de walvis vangbst houden wij noch in surohanoe 
tot UEd : nader ordre vermits als in onse vorige schrijvens d' 
II' Generael ende llaieu van India geen traen geheven te hebben, 
maer do robbevanghst hebben wij dese maent weder bij de hant 
freuumeu, hopende goede partije tegen de compete van de retour 
vloto op voorraet te hebben, ende UEd: pr. deselve toe ie 
stuijren. 



200 

i(>ó.'). \yQ hüwe also received in good order the 4 Biecayan sloops, 

'jth Oct. which we have i)laced io shedfi until we hear from you regarding 
the whal(' fishery. 

Your order that the return fleet was to run into the Vlie came 
t(x> late. The copy came by the Nacht glan, and the Appelboom^ 
whirh carried the original, has not yet arrived. This also leaves 
us without the navigation charts sent to us, and also the 4 sealed 
letters for India, which you ordered us to send on. 



Wo would like you to send us some Norway deals with the 
outwanl bound sliip^. We have fine timber here in the forest, but 
the labour is heavy and the time rei^uired very long, delaying 
our progress. If we could get deals we might do more in agri- 
culture, which as stated in previous letters would be of great 
siTvice. 



1 n your postsoripl sent \HiT Ajfjtclipoofn^ and dated 18th January, 
co|.y of which we received jHjr Nuchtylaa^ wo were informed of the 
expedition of the 4 gallions, 2 caraoks, and 2 pataohes, all manned 
willi ;3,()00 men, uinirr the Viceroy Fnmcisco fearretto de Menares, 
about to pix)oeed fjom I'ortugal t<> Goa; and we decidtnl to 
strengthen thi; garrison with 20 of the weakest men from the 
ArnheiHy in order to be better on the defensive against any 
Europeuu attack. Aooording to orders from India we had roduc«'d 
the number of the garrison, whilst 2^^ men are at Saldanha Bay 
seal fishing. 

Ill jiuswir to yours of the lOth April last year reoeived from 
the Chamber of 17, ordering us that our letters should not be 
sign* d by the commander alone, but by the whole Council, as is 
ii^ual in India, we beg to say that we adhered to the custom whilst 
the junior merchant Jacob Reyniersz was here ; but after his depar- 
ture we had no higher men of quality than assistants. The 
t'kippers of the galiots aUo were not always at hand, being ordinary 
members of the Council. Conflequentiy the letters oould only m 
bigoi'd by the «-onimander until tne time when F. Verburgh was 
promoted to the rank of junior merchant by Hon. Kemp at St. 
llelena in 1<»'34, and authoriMKl to act as secundus in the room of 
KeyiiitMr^**!!. l^gai^liug our Resolution to send lieyniersen in 



201 

Wijders hebben wij oook wel becomeii de 4 bUeaiibe sloepen ^^<^^' 
die tot lJ£d : nader ordre tot de walyisyanghst onder loodsen -jdinlvt. 
wel bewaert blijven. 

17 Ëd : bevel voor de retour schepen (nu apparent al 't huijs 
weaende) om 't Ylie in te loopen etc : ia ons met *t Naohtglas de 
copie te laet toegeoomen door 'c achterblijven van den Appel- 
lKH>m bij 't weloke wij oook oomen te miMen de stuijnnana 
cai*rten daer met eesonden, ende de 4 ingesloten brieven aen d' 
Uni. Oenerael ende Raden van India door U£d : ons g'ordon- 
neert voort te senden. 

Wij wenschten oook wel dat U£d : met alle de affgaende 
schepen wat goede noortse deelen gelieffde voor de Oaep te 
seuden, wel is waer dat wij hier schoon hout ende plancken uijt 
*t bos cunnen balen, maer met groeten arbeijt ende lange tijt- 
spillinge 't weloke derhalven soo wat langhsame voortgangh 
miieokt, ende in manieren als voren doelen van UEd : crijgendo 
Simden wij oudertusschen te meer in do culture cunnen vorderen 
daer wij meenon vrijel : wel, ende bequaem sullen toe te pas 
comen, als pr. onse affgesondene generale missive g*adviseert. 

Bij UËd : na briefiFken gedateert Ih'" Januari j pass' pr. d'\ 
Appolbooai gesondeu, ende pr. 't Naohtgliis de c<)i»if den 20 " deser 
(«ist beroiuon, gemurct hobboude d' aeiibtaeude cquipagie van 
4 galj(H»u8» 2 kraken, 2 pataches mot 3,000 coppcn onder den 
Viivroij Franrisco liaretto de Meneres uijt Portugal nae (ioa 
te gm^n, hebben wij geresolvecrt ons uijt *t schip Aeruhom van 
de swackste met 20 coppen te verstercken om na UEd : ordre 
wat deiTenciver voor eenige Eurupianen te mogen wuseu 
venuits wij op d* ordre van d* H'" Uonerael ende l:<adeu van 
India ons guarnisoen al vrij verswackt, mitsgaders oock 13 oop|>en 
na de Saldanha Baij tot de robbevanghst affgesteeoken hebben. 

Cumendo vorders tot b'antwoordinghe van UEd : missive ge- 
dateert 16" April A' pass" uijtte vereskderinge van de l?*** voorsz: 
hehbf^n grnierckt UEd : onln* dat alle brieven niet van den Com- 
itiaudeur alleen maer bij den gantschen raet zullen werden onder- 
teijckent na' t gebruijok van India 't welck oock g'observeert is 
se<]ert den lelven version is geweest met den onderooopman Jaoob 
Keiniersz : als in de brieffboucken te sien is ende na desselffs ver- 
treek weder geen hooger gequalifioeert hebbende eehat als adsis- 
teuten nochte oock altijt hier bij der hant de s<mipper8 van de 
gal jots (die anders tot raets personen mede werden gebruijokt) 
soo ist dat de brieven veeltijts door den Commandeur idleen maer 
hebben cunnen werden geteeckent ter tijt toe den persoon Fredrick 
Verburgh door den Commandotir Kemp aen 8t. Ilelenu A" 1654 
op ziju vcrsoeck i:> gequalificocrt tot onderooopman omme in 
plaetae van 8r. Iveijuicrsz : hier als 2* persoon dionst te doen, over 
welcker^ capaciteiji wij voor desen hebbeu gese. 



202 



16.ió. 



__ command of the Vret/e to Batavia, we humbly beg that you may 
jutb 0< t. ^^^ ^^0 i^ amiss. We did not do so because we imagined that we 
had authority to make such a promotion, but we were afraid that 
another course would have subjected us to a worse reprimand. 
However, preferring the Company's service to all fears, and 
desirous to have the vessel brought safely to India, there being no 
government on board, and we d^ading that a mutiny might break 
out even in the bay here, the officers not having any command 
over the men, we considered it necessary to place one on board 
having supreme authority and to give him the rank and pay of a 
senior merchant subject to the approval of the India Council, who 
like you have disapproved of the step. We have no widi to 
assume powers of this natore, and were only pressed to do at we 
did by necessity in the best interests of the company. Pro forma 
he held the rank as far as Batavia and subject to the approbation 
of our masters. Other matters of less importance which have been 
improve<l by us now and tlien have been done in accordance yni\\ 
the general code of articles as our liesolutions will show. 



Your letter eonvryioK your disapprdval wa» enclosed ojm:h in the 
despatch box, and kept oack by the skip|M*i Pieter Gerritsen until 
we were told of it by the junior merchant Points of the 
^V. Rotterdam. Said skipper did his best to make us contemptible, 
and would have continued doing so, at first denying that he had the 
letter, but when confronted with the junior merrrhaut, he oidy 
delivered it after the ship had been alr^idy here some days. We 
had no desire to write to India on this matter, in oider not to 
bring the skipper into trouble, and our present remarks are nuule 
with the same intention; we only respectfully give you the 
information in onler most humbly to request you to seal all letters 
addressed to ut that wf> may remain free from the nasty remarks 



203 

I >iThulveu voortgaende op dai van den uudcr coopiuau lieijnienz : * ^^^' 

p\ de Vreede yerbrooken na Batavia gelieyen j^^.,, Oct. 
AeiiKa«nde T Ter- XJEd. bij desen gantflch dienatel : gebeden te 
J^ron^Tco^ZiTo" zijn, daer over geen quaet genoegen te nemen 
de qt TxiQ ooopmaii ab zijnde niet geeohiet uijt inbeeldinge van 
dat wij gequal^eeert waren tot 8nl(ULe aug- 
mentatie, maer met groote beoomraeringe ende niet min vreeee 
van noch al vrij harder reproohe daerover te behalen, eohter den 
dienst van de Comp*^ boven de gem : vrese prefereerende door 
hooghdringende noot om voorhaelde schip ende goet dooh behouden 
te mogen werden overgebracht vermits 't daer soo slecht in de 
regeringe gestelt was, datwij dickwijls meenden d' schip hierin 
de baij zelns zoude werden affgeloopen willende de minder naer den 
meerder niet lui j stèren, ende dierhalven d' opperhooffden niet 
eunnende't voloq onder bohoorl: discipline houden, hebben wij 
gantsch nootsaeckel: ijmant van hooger geeich daerop dienen te stel- 
len, mitsgaders om die ende andere pregnantieu meer den gem' 
ileiniersz: om ontsaghshalven de gem* qualite ende gagie noot«- 
halven moeten defereren, edoch niet absolutelijok maer op appro- 
batie van d' £d. Hm: Qenerael ende Baden van India die 't mede 
in manieren als U£d: hebben geimprobeert gelijok UEd: voor 
dato sullen hebben vernomen ende sullen wij ons oock niet 
amuseren in sulox te treden ten ware den dienst van d' Comp* ons 
door noot als vooren daertoe quaeme ten hooghsten te pregneren 
ende dat dan oock maer pro forma tot Batavia toe ende op 
approbatie van ons meerder wegen eenige ander van minder 
gelegentheijt hier nu en dan ten cuenste van d' E. Comp' verbe- 
tert hebben ons gereguleert na den genenden articul brie£f soo 
UË: iiijtonse overgeeondene resolutien etc sullen hebben vernomen. 

Ende alsoo ons de brieff waerinne UEd: dese improbatis etc: 
hebben gelieven te stellen pr. 't schip N. Rotterdam in de dooeen 
open en: ongesloten was gevonden zoo ware ons deselve van den 
schipper Pietêr Qerritz achterwegen gehouden tertijtwij vanden 
onderooopman Points op d° schip bescheijden daervan verwittight 
wierden, welcken schipper daer mede vrij sijn tanden 't onser 
üleijnachtinge hadde gestoockt, ende apparent bij sijne complicen 
op andere puetsen meer zouden gedaen hebben alsoo hij deselve 
missive eerst ontkende maar hem zolcx door 't bewijs van den 
gemelton onderooopman verder opdringende hebben wij dit nadat 
't schip al eenic^ dagen alhier gelegen had noch becomen, edoch 
daerover na India niet geschreven om denselven in geen moeijten 
te helpen gelijck 't selve oock ten dien eijnde bij desen niet 
;;o5chiet, maer om UEd: dienstelijck endo eerbiedighl: i^ ver- 
goecken mot uitmoodigo bode dat UEd: do brieven aon ons 
g*addres8eort ons doc*h gelio\on besloten te laten toocomou ten 
eijnde wij van de schimp ende schamperhoijt soodaniffe tant 
8tiH»ckende liiijJou mochten g'uximeort blijven, 't gene tJEd. ons 



204 

I6ó.'». of guch evil disposed pereous. What we receive from you h 
•iütlTïvt. alwt^Jö acceptable, as we are always desirous of heariDg from yo\i 
yoiir opiuion and onlers in order to act upon them. 

We pay particular attention to the seal fishery which has been 
reeommenoed in this dry season, but it will be impossible to leave 
the legs attached to the skins ; the Frenoh did not do so either. 

We advise the skippers to stow the skins in dry places, but tjiey 
do not attach sucn value to them as to take Uie care required. 



They are disinclined to take them in tiie return ships, sajring that 
they are so full of Indian oargo that they have no room to spare. 

We would not have been able to ship any in the last ships if we 
did not possess the authority of Mr. v. Goens. We sent you 
3,300 and 3,400 which we trust have realised a good price. We 
do our best with agriculture which has advanced so far that with 
heavy labour there will always now be a large supply of garden 
produce'. But to bring more land under cultivation we require 
more men. Freemen would b<' welcome, also slaven from 
Madagascar or Cape Negro, who would \Hi obtainable if you only 
send us the Hute or yacht a^ked for. It might also commimicate 
with Mauritius. At Cape Negro and elsewhere to the north of 
this hides might be obtained as you say, and also ivory, &c. The 
galiots, ]iow(*ver. are too small to carry slaves, &c., and too waak 
to gra}»ple with a Portugut»ae ship from which they always have 
to ilv, itó in the case of the Tu/jf la^t year. Otherwise this Tessel 
might have obtained rich booty about Madagaac^ar. It has again 
been sent to Madagascar to keep the rice trade and our intoroourse 
with the King of Antongil alive, and more carefully inspect other 
quarters in that island ; olao to visit again the bays of Os Medeos 
d'ouro and Bio des Beys on tlie eastom coast. The results we 
shall communicate to you when the veasel returns, when also we 



205 



Ul6a. 



gelieven te sohrij ven is ons altijt even aengenaem aUoo niet anders _ 
weoBohen aU te mogen weten TTEd: goede intentie ende wel 20enOct. 
gevende ordre omme ons ten dienste van d' E. Oomp** prompte- 
lijok na te mogen reguleren. 

Op 't villen van de robben vellen f weiokers vanghst aU voors : 
met dit beginnende drooge mouson heoben bij der hant genomen) 
wort na uEd : ordre goede acht geslagen, maer om de poten 
daeraen te laten zal niet wel ounnen gaen, ende is bij de Franoen 
oook niet in gebruijck geweest ende om de schippers te re(K)m- 
manderen dat de vellen in drooghe plaetsen mogen worden gelei jt 
tot voortoominge van 't verrotten, wert bij ons wel gedaen maer 
meenen veele van deselve aen de robben vellen soo veele niet 
gelegen te wesen dat se daer soo veel sorge voor souden behoeven 
te dragen, sijnde oook vrij ongenegen om die in de retour vlote 
over te nemen voorwendende oat sij soo vol Indische cargasoen 
geladen sijn dat geen bequaeme plaetse genoegh voor de vellen 
over hebben die in de laetete schepen oook qualijck zouden hebben 
georegen ten ware de expresse gethoonde aucHioriteijt van d' 
Ur. van Goens sulox hadde te weeg gebracht waermede wij UEd : 
hebben toegesonden tusschen de 33 en de 34 0= stx weloke hopen 
fraij sullen hebben gerendeert tot zoulaes Uwer Ed : hier dra- 
gende onoosten. 

Aeugaende de culture doen wij ons beet na vermogen eudo 

Ir Qode loff soo verde met grooten arbeijt geadvanoeert datter 

't ranache jaer door ververssinge genoegh van 

Ih' culture. ® "j j «i. 1.4. ttüj 

moescnjdon ende aertvruchten voor UEd aen- 
comende schepen is maer om 't lant veel meerder ter culture te 
brengen zoude meer voloq toe van noode wesen, ende vrijel : 
best toe passen, mitsgaders oock slaven van Madagascar off üabo 
Negro apparent wel te beoomen soo UEd : ons 't gevorderde 
fleuijt off jachtjen geliefF te stuijren om oook met eenen 
Mauritius te bevaren in manieren als voor dato g'adviseert 
aen welek Oabo Negro ende elders hier benoorden wij met UEd : 
oock gevoelens zijn dat wel eenige hui j den souden vallen mits- 
gaders oock oliphants tanden, etc : maer de galjots vallen wat 
cleijn om slaven ende andere saecken te voeren» item oook, 
te indeflencijff bij ontmoetinge van Portugesen daer se 't 
elckens voor vluchten moeten als aen de Tulp A pass gebleeoken, 
die anders wel fl;oede buijt omtrent Madagascar moihte hebben 
opgedaen, welcke Tulp jegenswoordigh weder na Madagascar 
hebben g^^onden om de boTOnnen rijs handel endo aliantie met 
den Coningh \ au Antongil levendigh te houden mitsgaders eenige 
andere plaetsen van dat ei j lant oock noch wat naeuwer te onder- 
i»oeoken. Insgelijcx mede de baijen andermael van Os Modaofl 
<r()iirn ende liio des Reijs op de custe deses hoeck omgelegen ; *t 
sucx)e8 hopen wij UEd : na volbracht er voijagie te adviseren als 



206 

I6j>5. jj^ay \yQ q\j\q ^q g[y^ y^^^ partioulaTO about Tristan d'Acunha, to 
iirhOct. which we intoDil to send the Nachtgias. We are, however, of 
opinion that no goo<l harbour will be found there because of the 
stormy and misty weather usual there. Pew ships consequently 
oun visit it, as many of our skippers and mates whom wo con- 
sulted have told us. But aocoixline to your onlers we shall have 
it visitetl that you may bo iuformed by the next return fleet. 



We are also pa3ring careful attention to trade and the breeding 
of cattle, &c. For this purpose we have sent the interpreter 
Herry inland with copper, tobacco, &c., to trade for cattle. The 
result we can only know later, though we are sanguine of success ; 
we have consequently decided to try him accompanied by 9 of our 
own men — but the provisions of the latter failed, anil after an 
absence of 29 days they returned. 



This goes with the English ship the Lore with W men on board, 
half of tlie number being Netherlanders or (iermans. Its last port 
was Mauritiu!*, having visited its western coast. Had not seen any of 
our i>eople. The vessel has a cargo of pepi>er and been only absent 
about 1() months fnnn England. It is now anxious to leave at 
once, hence this short and hurric<l letter. 



Ue had fallen in with three Dutch shiym on the west coast of 
Mauritius — the one was the ScMciM, with the Governor of Ceylon 
on board — who had told him that our people had captured three 
rich Portuguese prizes, but where, &c., he could not toll. He haf I 
seen a lot of money and booty among the men. 

The other two ships had two hours before his arrival left Sillida 
for Batavia, laden with pep)>er. 

This is all that we could obtain from him. We did not question 
him about his own affairs, believing that they would only tell us 
what they would wish us to know. 



Besides the requisition sent wo would also like to have — 

Some fine sit^ves. 
100 spades. 
;i or 4,000 Hints. 
2 or 300 lbs. small shot of different kinds. Some clover seed 
ff>r sowing for the horses. It is almost as good as oats. 



207 



defte somer- ^^^'** 
wij memm ^^ott. 



mede wegen Tristao da Ounha ▼ooruemeiiA aijnde bij 
tijt met ^ Naohtgks oook te laten ontdeokeo, maer 
dat daer geen goeide haven aal gevonden worden mitsgaders die 
oijlanden Termits 't stormigh ende mistige weer (daer omtrent 
veel onderworpen) qui : van eenige schepen sal ounnen aengedaen 
worden aohter volgende 't advijs van veele oude schippers ende 
stuijrl: (dermede somtijts mede in conferentie geweest) echter 
sullen 't na U£d : gegeven ordre eens laten besoecken om met d' 
aenstaende retour vlote daervan advijs te mogen senden. 

Op den handel ende aenteelt van 't bestiael laten wij neffens de 
culture ende andere saecken mede goede acht houden ten welcken 
eijnde wij den tolcq Herri j oock met eenigh coper ende tabacq 
etc : in't lant hebben ffesonden om voor ons aldaer op sijn remon- 
strantie vee te handelen. Wat 't succes 't selve sal geven staen 
wij na deeen te vernemen, altoos hebben wij geen quade hoope 
daer toe ende dierhalven te meer geresolveert dit proeffjen in desen 
van hem te nemen, wij hadden oock 9 personen van ons met hem 
aten medegaen maer vermits haer victualie soo langh niet coete 
trecken sijn deselve na 29 dagen uijtwesen wederom gecomen. 

Desen gaet met 't Enffelsch schip genaemt de Lu£F ofte Lieffde 
ophebbende UO coppen (daeronder wel de helft Nederlanders ofte 
Dtiijtsohen) ende comende jonghst van de West Oust over Mauri- 
tius daer aen de westzijde was aengeweest ende niemant van d' 
onse vomomen. Is geladen met peper ende hadde noch maer 10 
maonden hadde uijt JBngelant geweest ende nu vrij haestigh om 
voorts te vertrecken waeromme desen oock dus oort ende slordigh 
valt. 

Op voorn : weetcust hadde hij geweest bij 3 Nederlantse schepen 
waer van 't eene genaemt de Schelvis comende met aen 
Oouvern*^ : van Cejlon, uijt 't weloke verstaen hadde dat d' onse 
drie rijcke Portugese schepen hadden genomen maer wanneer, 
op wat plaetse ofte hoe groot wiste niet te seggen anders als dat 
onder 't volcq veel golt ende buijt goet hadden gesien. 

d' Andere 2 schepen waren omtrent 2 uijren na haer comste van 
Sillida na Batavia vertrooken, apparent geladen met peper. 

Dit is *t al dat wij wegen Oomp* saken van denselven hebben 
cunnen vernemen, ende aengaende haer saecken hebben ons niet 
g'amuseert ijets bijsonders te vragen als denckende dat sij ons 
niet anders souden openbaren als sij ons zouden willen laten 
weten 

Beneffens 't gene wii bij onse vorige petitien hebben gevor- 
dert, wensdtiten dat TJhA : ons noch geUefraen te laten toecomf^n : 
Partije hare seeven ofte teemsen. 
100 beslagen schof^n. 
3 A 4000 vuijrsteenen. 
2 k '\ hondert Ib. grove ende deijnen gansen onde ander hagoi 



1655. 
2Hth'()tt.* 



208 



Some pitoh and tar for the yeesel and our wooden roofs. 



Some roflin and sulphur. 

Sorubbing bnishes, brooms, spider brooms, and whito washers' 
bnish«»s to keei> tho houses made of brick properly clean. 

As Verburgh has eone to SCailagasoar with the Ttilp we have 
only two assistants, the sergeant and corporals of the fort who are 
ohieHy use<l in the military council, the one aanstaat as book- 
keeper and treasurer and secretary of council. We therefore sign 
again alone as commander, unless it is your wish that any of ti^e 
persons named should also sign the letters. We await your 
instructions on this point, and also as regards the garrison here, 
and how to act in the futiu*e towards the English and others 
visiting the Cape. 



This vessel has also been treated well by us, as was the one last 
yeai', and \\A\ provi<led with refreshments out of the gardens. 

No payment has been ai'cepted that the obligation might be on 
their side. 

(Signed) J. V. Rikbekck. 
In the Fort, 
29th Oct., 1GÓ5. 



No. 128. 
Batavia. 

To the India Council. 



iii.i Niv 'I'his serves 8j>wially to acH'onipauy copy of our former letter yw 

iV. Rotteriiiim^ date<i 2nd Sept. 



800 

Wat BimlMuitae ob?ir om tê staijui toot de pMrden Ujna too ^^* 
goat all havar. l^^ Oqt. 

Partije piok endo teer tot onderhoydinyhe van 't vaertniigh 
ende onee boute daken op de hoijsiügaii van dioke boa planoLea 
lijnde ende wordende gemaeokt. 

Item barpoijs ende swaTel. 

Luijwagens, boenders, raegbbooffden ende witatooken om 
Comp* steene buijaingen, magaminen, eto : aoboon te booden. 

Dewijle den Onderooopman Verbuivb met de Tulp na Mada- 
gaeoar u zulx wij jegenwoordig weoer maer venien sijn met 
geen booger geqnalificeerde als 2 adtiatenten den Sergeant ende 
tk)rp(uraeu deaer fortrette die prinoipael in krijgbaraet worden 
gebniijokt ende den eenen adaiftent ala boude Tan de Boldij* 
boueken, fiaoua ende Seoreta: Tan den Baedt aoo iet dat 
deeen weder door den Commandeur alleen maer 
ounnen worden geteijckent ten ware UEd: ^ Pt bctorm^ai^t §l- 
gelie£fden eeniee van de Toorbaelde persoonen "*•' ™* ^ 



WW rMtninOOBCO wmm 

tot 'taelffde mede in te laten daarop wij denel- u laten trijnhinoii 
Ter nadre ordre sullen Terwaobten, ds mede 
insonderbeijt UEd : goetTinden op 't goamisoen albier mitsgaders 
oook boedanigb wij vooriaen omtrent Bngelae, ende andeie dese 
plaatse aandoende sullen bobben te bandalen, dese is Tan ons 
gelijok den Torigen Anno pass*" bier aenj^weeat, oodc wel getrao- 
teert ende met verTerssinge Toor al sim Toloq uijtte tbuijnen 
treffel : voorsien sender daerToor eenige oetalinga te nemen, maer 
van wegen de E : Oomp* allea Tereert om baer principal : Terobli- 
geert te houden, eto. 

Hiermede, 
Ed : emtfeate, eto. 

Was geteijckent, 

Jan van Riirikck. 
In 't Fort de Gbede Hoope, 

desen29 0otob: 1655. 



No. 138 
BaUvia. 

▲andeBd 



de Bd : Ilm. Joan If aetsuijoker, €k) n T e t n e ur e«6tenarad, ende 
Baden Tan Nederlants India, pr. 't aobip Aemhem gess : 

Ed : manhaffte, wel wijse, Toorsienige, seer discrete Hoeren. 

Mijn Heeren, 

Deae dient prinoipael : tot gdeijde Tan de copie onser Torige 
iiaiTe mr. 't sobip N: Rotterdam gedateert 2~ S^temb : pasë^ op 



Sm Kot. 



suiaiTe 

den 8^ d"* van hier Tsrtrooken. 



210 

1656. ^e also annex 3 copies of letters from the masters dated 

2fid Nofr. 24th Deo., 1654, 18th Jan. and 16th April, 1655. You will read 
that per the Appelboom 3 letters had heen sent hither for you, to 
be forwarded by first opportunity. 



The yaoht not having arrived we have not been able to carry 
out the order. We fear that some acoident has happened, hwi 
trust that with God's help the vessel may turn up. We also send 
you a parcel of different Dutch garden seeds. We got too much 
from home and now send the surphis to you. When the autumn 
shi[>8 arrive we fhall have a lage supply of fresh Cape seeds with 
which we intend to supply you. We, however, wish to know what 
kinds you prefer that we may have something to go by. 



Aooording to the Masters' orders we transhipped from the 
Niwhtiflan into the Ainhnn the iron and naiU destined for India, 
excepting n cask of 5 inch and the deals required here. Partieulam 
will be found on the margin of the invoice. 



Tlie Navhtglaa is detained by us to be sent to Tristan d' 
Acunha and the East Coast of Africa for exploring the harbours 
there and searching for trade. The Tti^it is away to Madagasoiir; 
and if nothing important be disoovore<l at the places named you 
may exp«»ct one of the galiots when th«» season for navigating the 
Formosa waters shall have arrived. 



On the 28th of last month (October) an English sliip arrived 
here from India — Captain R. Ten<lel — with CK) men on board — 
the half almost Wing Netherlanders. llad in a cai^ of pepper 
and eame from the w<^t coast of Mauritius, wh«*re it had remshed 
itself without visiting our fort on the island. When it left it took 
a letter for the directors from us in which we stated that this 
Englishman hud met on the west eoa^t the Schelm with Uie 
(Jovt'nior of Coylon on l»oard, which had told him that our people 



211 

' Bij de weloke oook ^Yought aiJQ 3 oopie farieTen ran onse Hm. ^^^* 
Mee8ten sedert Bacoeaaye noch beoomen gedateert 24** December 2i»i N f 
1654. 

MitflgaderB 18** Januari] ende 16*" April deses loopenden jaerf» 
waerinneüEd. onder anderen sollen lesen hoe dat opgem: onse Hm. 
Meesters pr. 't galjot de Appelboom hadden ingesloten 3 brieven 
ge'tddresseert aen UFd : omme met d' eerete schepen voorts te 
eenden *t weloke wij tot dato yermits d'' galjots non paresse onver- 
mogen sijn gebleven te achtervolgen vreeën derhalven al voor 
eenigh ongeval met hope nochtans dat het Godt de Heere noch t' 
eeniger tijt sal te rechte helpen 

Hierneffens senden oock een packet met veelderleij IloUantse 
thuijnsaden, ons te veel van d' Hm. majores toegesonden ende 
derhalven na derselver ordre laten : voort^n na Batavia ; tegen 
de compete van de herbst schepen staen wij apparent hier heel vol 
te wesen van verse Caepse zaeden daar wij UEd : dan voomemens 
sijn oock van te versien, ondertusschen sullen peme verwachten 
gl : voor dato gees : derselver advijs welcke enae hoedanige zaden 
UEd: daer lieffst hebben omme in 't senden ons na te mogen 
reguleeren. 

Achtervolgende den last van onse Heeren Meesters voorsz: heb- 
ben wij oock uijt 't galjot 't Nacht glas in 't schip Aerahem doen 
overschopen ijser ende spi jokers voor India daer in gescheept ^- 
weest bebalven een ton 5 duijm ende de deelen tot ons nodigh 
gebmijck hier gehouden gelijck op de cant van de factuir geno- 
teert staet ende bij ons volgende deselve in onse bouckjes aen d' 
E : Comp' belast zijn. 

D"* galjot Nachtglas wert noch wat bij ons hier gehouden om na 
d'ordre onser Hm. Meesters eens te senden na d' eijlanden van 
Tristao d' Acunha ; ende oock hier benoorden de Caep tot onder- 
soeck van eenige bequame havens ende hsndel etc : zijnde de Tulp 
noch op de toght na Madsgascar als voor deeen geschreven maer 
zoo aen de gem : plaetse niet notabels opgevonden wort, staen 
UEd : ten minsten een van deselve te^en 't mousson van t' 
Tajouansche vaer water toe te comen d* adviso. 

Op den 28*^** der vergange maent October is hier uijt India 
aengeweest een Eugels schin daer op Cap" Robbert Tendel 
gemant stij£f 60 oojppen de helft wel Nederlanders ende 
comende van de Westcust vol peper over Mauritius daer 
aen de westzijde was geweest te venterseen zonder aen 
Gomi>*. fortresse hun verthoont ofte ijmant van d' onse vernomen 
te heoben, en is van hier den lesten d" weder voorts na Engelant 

E varen neffens onse missive ende oort advijs aen d'Ed : H"^. onse 
eesters in 't Yaderlant, waer bij wij deselve haer Ed : onder 
anderen oock hebben laten weten dat voorhaelde Engelsman op 
de wei^ cust had ontmoet 't jaokt de Schelvis comende met 
den Gouverneur van Ceijlon ende daer uijt verstaen dat door 

p2 



212 

1666. jjad taken three Portuguese ships with a fair quantity of booty, 
2nd Not. Could not tell us how large the vessels were. 

From the officers of the Arnhem you will learn of the suooessful 
issue of the voyage under the flag of the Hon. Kemp and Herpc rs 
&o. ; also how not long ago the vessels parted company near 
the land and no doubt the others are detained by calms. We are 
anxiously looking out for them and tnist that they will arrive 
soon, as thoy will be full of sick and in want of water. 

Uave nothing more to write about. 

In the Fort, 2nd November, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Biebbsck. 



List of papers sent to India with the Anihmiy dated 2nd 
November, l<)r>r>. 

No. 1. Original letter of liiebe<Hk to the India Council, date<l 
2nd November, 1(>05. 

„ 2. Copy of letter of Riebeeok to the India Council, 
«lated 2ud September, 1055. Sent with N. 
llottenhtui, 

„ 3. Three i-opies of h'tt* rs from the directors to Riebeoek. 

„ \. Invoice» of goods tranBhip|ied from tlie XavhtijUm, 

„ 5. Ships' aoocimts. 



No. 129. 
Batavia. 
To the India Council. — »^nt with the AmerMf'tHtrf. 



i^th Not. Enclosed you receive copy of letter sent per Arnhem with the 
continuation of our Journal,-^ all entrusted unsealed to the Hon. 



213 

d* onse daer omtrent waren voruvort 3 l^ortugese Bohepen met '^^* 
redol : buijt sonder nochtans dat hij ons wist to seggen hoe groote ^«n Vow, 
schepen 't solve waren geweest. 

IJijt d' Opporhooffdon doses overcomende schip Aemhem sullen 
VËd : omstandigh cuunen werden bedeelt 't succes Tan derseWer 
voijagie onder de vlagh van d' £d. Ilr. Kemp eude Herpers, etc : 
mitsgaders hoe deselve cortel : hier omtrent van hier gesoheijden 
ende apparent hier onder 't lant van stilte swervende zijn, mits* 
gadors bij ouse alle dagen met arents oogen daer na wert uijtge- 
sien met hopen dat haest mogen opdonderen alsoo vrij vol siecken 
wcson, ende gebrock van water hebbon zullen. 

Tot verlenginge deses sonderlingh geen stoffe moer hebbende 
RuUen affbreecken, ende hiermede 

Ed : emtfeste, &\ 

Was geteijckent, 

Jan van Uikbkkck. 
Int Fort de Uoede Iloope, 
desen2"' Novemb: 1655. 

Register van de pampioren gedirigoort aon d' E : Urn : Mijn 
Hoeren Joan Matsui joker, Qouvernour-Qonejaol ouio Uaden van 
India, p' 't sohip Aernhem, dito 2 Novomb : lti55. 

No. 1. Origineele brieffken van den Commandeur liiebeeok» 
gesi : aen haer Opgem : Ed : gedateert 2 Novemb * 
1G55. 
„ 2. Oopie d'. van denselven aen d. hi^r El: dito 2 

Beptemb : p'. 't sohip N. Rotterdam, gedz : 
„ 3. Drie Copie missiven suooessive van de Urn. Bewintheb- 
boren gf'sonden aen voorsz : Commandeur. 
Faoture end<* cognossement van 't overgesoheepte uijt 
Ijot Nachtgius in 't schip Aernhem. 
leepe reecq : van onoosten. 



Scheel 



No. 129. 
BaUvU. 
Aen d. Ed : Hm. Mijn lleeren Joan Maetsui joker, 
Oonvemeur^Oenerael ende Kaden \*an India 
pr. 't schip Amersfoort gesz : 

Ed : emtfeste, manhafte, wel wijse, voorsienige, seer 
discrete üm. 

Mijn Ueeren, 
Bij deten gaet de oopie missive UEd : pr. 't sohip Arnhem toe ^^^ ^<^* 
gesonden beneffens 't vervolgh oniee dagh register gehouden 't 



214 

i'"'"- Cüramiinder Pieter Kemp, who will himself give you all further 
ii).iil\\,v. partiouhirs about this place, and the voyage of the fleet, &c. 

In the Fort, 19th November, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Bibbeeck. 



List of papers entrusted to Hon. Kemp for the India Council. 

1. Original letter to the Council, dated 19th November, 1655. 

2. Copy of letter sent per Arnhem^ dated 2nd November, 1655. 

3. Continuation of Journal. 

4. Invoice of the two bellows transhipped from the Nachigfas 

into the S/ot tan Homngen. 



No. 130. 



Instniotions for the Nachtglan about to proceed to Tristan 
d' Acunha. 

2*211x1 ov. Being well provisioned for 18 men during 4 or 6 months you 
shall sail with the first fair wind» and tonoh at Dassen Island 
where the officers will give you one or two men acquainted with 
the seal fishery that you may be able to kill some of these animals 
on Tristan d' Acunha, where they are in abundance, and bring the 
skins here for a trial From Daasen Idand you shall proceed 
direct to Tristan d' Acunha, and on the way carefully ryad and 



2r5 

iMnldrt *t vertreok van 't jacht d* Avoudatar alles o{)en in banden • i^*^- 
van d* E : hr : Commandeur Pieter Kemp, aen wiens mondelingh .|,,^.„ j^^^ 
rai)port wij ons wegen deeer plaets Kol®fi»oi^^®ijt vorder blijven 
gcKbrageu ende daeromme als oook mits *t manquement van sloffe 
Qus cost aflbreeoken suilende U£d: uijt den monde van voor- 
Uaelde Zijn E : oock wel vernemen boe 't met des selffs vlote in 't 
affsoheijden van *t Yaderlant ende aendoen deeen baven gelM^ 
is geweest, om welcke redenen voorsz : dan affbreeokende suuen 

Hiermeede 
Ed : erutfestey &o', Was geteijokent, 

lu 't Fort de Qoede Hoope, Jan van Kiebbkck. 

deeen 11>'" Novemb : 1656. 



llogister van de pampieron door banden van d* E. ileer Com- 
mandeur Kemp gedirigeert aen d' Ed : Urn. Mijn llm. Joan 
Maetsuijoker, (iouvemeur-Qenerael en : Radon van India, pr. 't 
schip Amersfoort. 

No. 1. Origineel brieffken aen opgem : baer Ed : dato 1^*^" No- 
vemb : 1655. 

„ 2. Copie d pr. 't schip Aemhem geeonden dato 2^" No- 
vemb: 

„ '3. Vervolgb van 't Cao{)s daghroffister. 

,y 4. Ooguoasoment van de 2 blaoMMiloken uijt 't Naohtglas 
overgeaobeept in 't schip Slot van lloningen. 



No. 130. 



Instructie voor d' Opporlioiffden van 't galjot Naohtglas omme 
van bier te seijlen n\ d* Eijlanden van Tristan da Cunba. 

Ten dien eijnden dan van alles beboorl: versien, mitsgaders iienKoT. 
geviotoalieert wetende tan behoeve van 18 ooppen voor 4 i 5 
maendon soo sullen UI : met den eersten bequamen windt van 
bier verseijlende bon eerst begeven na 't Dassen Eijlant omme 
over te leveren neffensgaende onse missive aen d' Opperbooffden 
aldaer deweloke u sullen geven 1 è 2 personen die kennisse heb- 
ben van de robbevanglut hebben omme op d' Eijlanden van 
Tristan da Ounha eenige robben (daer vol^;ens beoomen beright 
vallende) te villen» ende tot een preuve bier te brengen als UI : 
in deeen hier na breeder wert bevolen. 

Wanneer dan van voorsz : Opperbooffden u affsobeijt hebt be- 
comen, soo sullen Ui : baer devour doen omme derselver ff'ordon- 
neerde reijse na de voorss : Eijlanden van Tristan da Ounba tê 



216 

1655. roaster the iostruetions of the directors, espedally where tiiev refer 
22iid KoT. ^^ ^® *^^ ^^ innA in thoee regions» that you may be guided by 
tiiem and at the same time carefully note down what you obeerre 
regarding the currents, winda, Ac.^ met with on the Toyage. Tou 
are also to find out what hMriboura exist there, and andior grounds, 
— the latters' distance from shore the shelter prorided, &o., 
and the facilities for shipping water at all the places. Tou are 
also to find out what soil there is senriceable for agriculture there- 
about; what vegetables, trees, fish, cattle, &o., and in what 
quantities obtainable. As we have been told, and nther from 
various journals, that a large quantity of seals and sea bona can be 
obtained there, likewise sharks and skates, you are to bring with 
you skins of all of them that we may fiod out whether any profit 
can be made out of them for the Company. Tou are to make 
careful notes of everything, also exact charts of the said islands, 
bays, &c. Tou must also see whether you can manaffe to land on 
the island Gbnfalo Alvares near Tristan d' Acunha, that the 
voyage may secure for us the most complete inf onnation to be 
forwarded home for the directors per next return fleet 



Calms, storms or adverse winds might prevent you from at once 
landing on the islandSi but you are not to leave them at once but 
remain in the neighbourhood for a month at least. Affasr that, if 
slill unsuccessful, you are to return hither. Tou are idso to find 
out what kind of timber there may be, and look about for sandal 
wood, &o , — bringing specimens of everything — if nothing else is 
to be had you can fill the vessel with foei end timber. 



217 

bevorderen ten dien eijnle dickwijU over«iende, ende lesende de ^^^^* 
inatruotiee van onae Urn : Meeetera daer detelve liaer «^.uIüot. 
Ed: over de natureder wiudeu hier omtrent zijn Bohrijvende 
omme u te dienen tot narichtiogf in haer aseijlen mitsgaders met 
eenen wel naeuwe notitie houdende van allo ondenrindinge van 
stromen, winden ala andersints dat u in de heen en : wederom 
reijse moehte oomen te ontmoeten. 

Bnde oomende aen ofte omtrent de voors : ei j landen zullen UI : 
ineonderheijt oook nauwe letten op alle deee navolgende saecken 
namentl : ende vooreerst wat havenen, baijen ende gronden voor 
oleijue en : groote schepen daor vint, mitsgaders hoe ver off nabij 
laut, ende voor wat winden eto. beeohut. Ten anderen wat ende 
hoedanighe gelegen theijt om water te halen niet alleen aen eono 
maer aen alle aenoomelijoke plaetsen. 

Daer met eenen dan oook suit hebben te letten wat gronden 
bequaem ter oulture daer off ergens gelegen sijn. 

Item o3ok wat groente, geboomte, visvan^hst, vee en : ander- 
sints en : hoedanigh iu qaalite ofte qaantiteijt te beoomen. 

Ende alsoo wij beright zijn mitsgaders ooek uijt eeiuge beechrij* 
vinge ende j oumalen vernemen datter groote menigte van robben enae 
zeeleeuwen mitsgaders oook haijen ende rochen vallen zoo sullen 
Ui : van alle deselve eenige vellen meede brengen omme hier 
te sien off daerinne voor d' E. Oomp' eeni^h voordeel moohte 
steeoken, houdende van alles goede notitie mitsgaders oook 
maeokende ^oede pertinente oaortjeos van de gemdte BijlaadeOi 
gronden, baijen, eto : zoo sullen UI : oook sien offt Eijlsnt Gbn* 
9alo AJvares (dight bij Tristan da Ouüia leggende) met eenen ount 
aendoen ende in manieren aU voren mede betoeoken om bij dsee 
reijse dooh te moffen hebben voloomen ondervindinghe ten eijnde 
wi] onse Hm« Mrs. met d' aenstaende retour vlote behoori : van 
advijs mogen dienen. 

Dewijle het wel moohte gebeuren dat Ui : t' sij door stilte, 
storm, ofte contrarie winden voorsz : Eij landen teu eersten niet 
en soude ounneu aendoen, soo en sullen Ui : deselve daerom soo 
datelijok niet verlirfen maer omtrent de lengte ende breete van 
dien ten minsten een maent langh bij aff en : aenhouden, edoch 
dien tijt verstreoken sijnde sender d" Eij landen te ounnen aendoen 
(*t welok wij niet en hopeo) sullen UI : alsdan vermogen 
weder herwaerts te keeren omme ons te doen rapport van alles : — 

800 moeten UI : oook sien wat voor soort van hout tot timmera* 
gie off andersints daer is, item oook na sandel off ander rieokent 
ofte schoon geooleurt hout ende was meer bedenckel : wesen 
moohte, bren^;ende van alles ten minsten een monster over ende 
soo anders met te beoomen is 't galjot vol brant ende timmer- 
hout. 



218 

1666. The rort is left to your own difccretioii and diligonoo. Wo wish 

22Bd N<% y^^ ^ prosperous voyage, &o. 

In the Fort, this 22nd day of Norember, 1655. 

(Signed) J. v. Uiibebck. 



No. 131. 
Dassen Island. 

To the Assistant Jan Woutersas. — Sent per Nmht(jla9. 



This ves8ol is sent to you to take on board one or two men woU 
Torsed in seal fishing, and to be replaced by the same number out 
of the galiot. This order you are promptly to execute that some 
bkins may be obtained at Tristan d Aoimha, whither the galiot at 
once prooeeds, and be brought hither. 



You are düiffenüy to continue the seal fishery. We fancy that 
you hare trenched too much upon the time of the men in the case 
of the Salamander and Weet friesland^ by making pleasure trips, 
so that only a few skins have been obtained in Saldanha Bay. 

You are to make up for leases on Dassen Island. It won't pay 
the Gompany to keep so many men without seooring a profit. 



With the Bobb^acht we shall at an early dato pronde you with 
storeiy &0.9 &C. 



(Signed) J. van Bibbbbck. 



In the Fort, 22nd Not., 1655. 



No. 132. 



Instructions for tlie Robbejaekt proceeding ria Robben to Dassen 
Island. 

23rd Not. ^th the first fair wind you are to proceed as fast as noisiUe to 
Bobb« Idand «adi besides our letter and other storesi land tksre 



219 

Ende akoo de rest op U onJerviodinge ende naeratigfaeiit moet '^^' 
aenoomen soo sullen UI : ten beslui j te toe wentohen een geluokige 2ivu Non 
heen en : wedeiom reijee. 

Int Fort de Qoede Uoope, adij 22*" No?emb ; 1655. 

Was geteijckent, Jan van Biibibck. 



No. 131. 
Dassen Bij landt, 

Aen den Assistent Jan Woutersz : p'. 
't galjot Naohtglas. 

Eersame, disorefe, 

Dit galjot Naohtglas oomt derwaerts omme Tan U : over 
te nemen 1 h 2 personen die haer op de robbevanghst ver- 
staen tegen 1 a 2 anderen in de plaetse weder over te geven* 
't welek UI : derhalven niet sullen nalaten maer promptuijok 
achter volgen opdat deselve ons van d' eijlanden van Tristan da 
Cunha (derwaerts d' galjot van oostii adroicture g'ordonneert is te 
vertreoken) eenige vellen van roboen ende zee leeuwen (daor 
vallende) tot een preuve zoude cunnen eude mogen mede brengen. 

UI : wijders gereoommandoert lattende de robbeuvanghst met 
goeden ijver te vervolgen. Wij beeldeu ons in dat UI : hun met 
do solieepeu Silmauder en : West Frioslaut uoedeloos soo veele 
hobt te doen gegeven om daer tot plaijsier aff eu van te vaereu 
dat daer door soo weijnigh vellen in de Saldauha Baij hebt 
ounuen beoomen ; UI : sullen 't selve op 't Dassen Eijlant weder 
moeten maken in te winnen : 't soude d E. Oomp' al te oostelijok 
vallen soo veele volox suloken langen tijt sender vracht te 
gebruijoken. 

Met den aldereersten sullen wij U d' 't Bobbejachtjen behoorl : 
van viotoalie versien. Hiermede Qode in genaden bevolen ende 
gegroet van UI : goede vreint. Was geteijckent, 

Jam VAM BiBBIBCK. 

Int Fort de Qoede Uoope, desen 32*" 9"^ 1655. 



No. 132. 



Instructie voor d' Opperhooffden van de Chaloup Bobbejacht om 
te gaen van hier over 't Bobben na 't Dassen Kjlant. 

Soo haest den wint goet waeijt sullen UI : haer ancker gelight 23eii No?, 
hebbeode in allerijl vooreerst van hier na 't Bobben Eijlant 



220 

16M. SO gheep. Thence you are to procee^l to Dassen Island and give 
23fdN©T. ^^^ letter and the supplies to the officer there — further suhmittiug 
to their orders. 

(Signed) J. v. Bibbkr< k. 
In the Fort, 23rd Nov., 1665. 



No. 133. 
Robben Island. 

To Sybrant Binckes and Willem Uarmansz : 

Ton receive with the Rohhejacht 60 sheep — let us know how 
many there are at present. Soon you may expect more, as barter 
with the natives is fairly prospenng— you also receive \ book of 
paper and small bottle of ink — also provisions for a month, &c. 

(Signed) J. v. Bibbibck. 
In the Fort, 23rd Nov., 1655. 



No. 134. 
Dassen Island. 

To the Assistant J. Woutf3rsz ; sent per BobbejachL 

We send yon some provisions which you are eoonomioally to 
distribute, the men are to have their stomachs full, twice a week 
they are to have meat!and once poriL — ^in the morning half a glass 
of brandy and as much of arraok at noon and at night ; that you 
have found the liquor so short is to be aaoribed to the parsimonious 

Sirit of the mate Tymon. Should you want more men to oatoh 
e seals more quiokly , you must let ut know. 



221 

leijlen eode aldaer beQeffras ods brieffken ende pfOTime oTer- ^^• 
leveren de mef gaende 60 8<x joDeh ende oude sdutpen omjne bij ^^^ ^^^^ 
d'andere Bchapn geweijt te worden ende na volbreDginge u leija 
Toorts verrorderen na 't Daasen Eijlant cmme oock over to leTeren 
neffentgaende brieffken ende provisien aen d' opperbooffden aldaer 
wiena ordre dan vordere volgen aalt. 

Int Fort de Ooede Hoope, adij 23^ Novemb : 1655. 

Was geteijokent, 

Jan van Biibivck. 



No. 133. 
Robben Eijlant. 

Aen Sijbrant Rinokes ende Willem Harmanst : 

Met 't Bobbejaohtjen wort nl : bij desen toegeaonden 60 stx 
jongh ende oude schapen om bij d'andere to weijden, ende laat 
ons eens weten hoe veel datter nu in 't geheel op 't eijlant sijn 
binnen corte dagen staen der U apparent noch al meer toe te 
oomen alsoo den handel met d' inwoonders redel : begint to gaen ; 
neifens desen gaet ^ boeck pampier met een oleijn kanueken met 
iiiet onde een maent provisie voor UI : hier mede Qode in genade 
be\ olon en : gegroet. 

ül : goede vrient, was geteijokent» 

Jan van Ribbieck. 
lilt Kort do Qt>ede Iloope, adij 23'" Novemb : lÖS/i. 



No. 134. 
Dassen Eijlant. 

Aon den adsistent Jan Woutorsr. : per de Chaloup Robbejacht gess : 
Eersamo, discrete, 

Hiernevens sendon wij UI : als pr. bijgaande memorie partiie 
victualie die wel ende na behoon^n moet minageren vermende 
nochtans dat de luijden den buijck vol ende 2 vleijs dagen 's 
weecx met een s]^eck dagh geven suit, mitsfladera 's morgens ^ 
muts : brandewijn ende 's middaghs ende s avonts elcke mari 
oock soo veel araok dat dien stereken dranok loo wan hebt 
Itevonden, hebben wij gemerokt, den stuijrman Tjrmons noot- 
gierigheiit schuit te wesen. 

8<K) Ui : meerder voloq nodigh hebt om de robben in der haest 
van dat eijlant op te vangen cunt ons ton eersten laten weten. 



222 

lAM. Y^ith the NaehtgUu goee Ertman Olen^ of Straalsond, oadet, 

23id Nor. ^' tb® AmernfoH. In nis plaoe Jan van Kempen ii to rehurn. 

Beturn the empty bags, oaska and veaseLs, Ac, to be used for 
the same purpose again. We can bardly get any from the ships. 
Don't forget. 

You are not to take a single man from the Bobbejaeki. 

Tou are to use your best efforts in s^ killing and take care 
that the holes of the legs are not stretched so wide. Take oare 
that a ^ood supply is ready tar the return fleet, and show some 
extra kindness to the diligent, to enoourage them the more. 



The skins and oil which you have on hand you are to send 
hither with this boat, — which is also to take in tow the small sloop 
Penguiny &c., &c. 

(Signed) J. v. Biebekck. 

In the Fort, 23rd Nov., 1655. 



List of provisions sent to Dassen Island with the Robbfjncht^ 
23rd Nov., 1655. 

1,000 lbs. rioe in 2 casks. 50 stockfish. 

170 cans of arrack in a cask. 1 acker brandy. 

) „ oil. 1 do vinegar. 

1 bucket salt. 20 lbs. butter. 
Some carrots and turnips. 



No. 135. 
Bobben Island. 

To Sybrant Binekes and Willem Harmanst : 

Till 1>M*. Yestenlay we sent you per Robftej^hi 68 and now with the 
Penguin 2H sheep. We expect to hear how many there are now 



223 

Met 't NaohtglM ia IJ toe|;6toQden eenen Brtman Olenge, tin ^^ 
Btraelaont, adelb:, gefloten m 't aohip Amenfort hier aengeeeth 2SefrNov. 
in weloken plaatse Jan van Kempen suit laten wederom oomen 
met 't robbeiaohtjen waermede deaen gaet. 

Laet oni de ledige saokjea, Taeten en kannen eto : mede temgh 
oomen om n na deaen ander proviaie in na te eenden aleoo men 
nijt de eohepen daervan quat : na genoegen can Teraien worden, 
p' memorie. 

Van't Toloq op robbejaohtjen jegenwoordigh varende sollen 
UI : niemant aflliohten. 

Op 't hooghste willen T71 : bevolen laten allen ijver aen te 
wenden tot de rpbbevan^^ ende dat de gaten van de poten 
offtevleroken wat naeuwer worden toegepent, mitegadere oook 
behoorl : devoir gedaen om goede quantitijt tegen de compete 
van de retour vlote op te gaderen ten dien eijnae de naerstige 
wat goet doende om haer te bet te animeren : — . 

De vellen ende traen die UI : in voorraet hebt, laet die met 
dit roblx^jaohtjen ten eersten mede herwaerte comen, ende tot 
alle gooden ijver aen wenden mit^adere oook met 't robbejaohtjen 
torugh oomen ; de oleijne sloep reguijn om bij gemelte jaohtjen 
gesleei^t off seijlen : hier gebracht te worden, pr. Qouvem" endo 
niormeede Qode in genaden bevolen en : hertel : gegroet, 

Van UI : goede vrunt, 

Was geteijokent, Jan van Rivbsick. 

In 't Fort de Ooede Hoope, 
doeen 23'* Novemb : A . 1655. 

Memorie van de provision gesonden na 't Dassen Eijlant pr. 
do ehaloup llobbejaoht dato 2*V" November 1656. 

1000 Ib. rijs in 2 vaten. 50 stookvissen. 

271 can araek in een vat. 1 aiioker brandewijn. 

I do olij. 1 do. asijn. 

l pud« zout 20 Ib. boter. 

Wat wortelen ende rapen. 



No. 136. 
Ilobben Eijlant. 

Aen Sijbrant Kinckee ende Willem Sarmanss. 

Oister sijn u met de sloep Bobbejaght toegeaonden 68 ende nu 7ra i>^ . 
wederom UI: roet de dttjne sloep Peroijn mede toegeaonden 28 
schapen, jongh ende ont, wij sullen met eenen tijdinee verwachten 
hoeveel datter nu met d' aengeteelde in alles sijn. Êide laet doch 



22i 

1^^- on the ieland. Pay attention to the old ewea^ when they are fat, 
7th Dm. ^^7 are to be sent hither for the shipi, also the oldest rams — the 
yonjig ramB are to be castrated and the tails of the ewes are to be 
cutoff to assist the breeding. You sre to tell no one how man^ 
sheep there sre, but slways inform us in a sealed letter — for this 
purpose we send you some jpaper, pins and ink. You are also to 
give no sheep unlef s on leceiving a sealed letter from us. Bemepber 
this well. Let us also know how the orange trees are thriving 
and send us the sheep tails which are fit for cutting off. They 
will save a great deal of butter. 

(Signed) J. v. Bibbeeck. 

In the Fort, 7th Deo., 1655. 



No. 136, 
Dassen Island. 

To the Assistant Jan Woutersx : 
Sent per the HohUjachf. 

è7th Dw. Though we can hardly SDarcf the Rohhejaeht which is required 
daily to carry sheep to Kobben Island which at present we obtain 
in fair quantities from the natives, besides cattle, we nevertheless 
send it now to hear how the seal fishery isprooeedinff, and should 
' you require more men to let us know. We trust mat they are 
appearing in abimdance now and that you spare no pains to get as 
many skins as possible. The oil sent is good and you may continue 
burning more in the same way, collecting as much as possible. 



It is required for the establishment here. 

The skins whidi you have on hand we azpeot by the BobbefaeMf 
and a list of the men exchanged into the ifacktglaê — also of the 
Mods given to the men on account, with the books which are to 
be closed off. 



226 

wel letten op de oude oijen als die niet meer lammeren affwerpen ^^ 
cunnen, dat UI: dan onii deselve vet geweijt, herwaerts sent wan- 7^ u^ 
neer wij om schapen schrijven voor de schepen insgelijox oook 
beneffens dien d* oudste rammen, de jonge rammetjee ter 
bequamer tijt altijt lubben ende d' oijtjes de staerten affsnijdende 
om de aenteelt te meer te vorderen ; UI: moet oook gedaiahtigh 
sijn niemant t* openbaren ofte seggen hoeveel schapen daer sijn 
maer ons *t selve met een gesloten brieffken overschrijven, waertoe 
wij u laestleden pampier, pen ende inct hebben gestuijrt, too 
moeten IJl: oock geen ander off meer schepen overgeven als wij 
meede in een gesloten brioifken schrijven. Onthout dit wel, 
sonder te vergeten, laet ons oock weeten hoe 't met de lemoen 
boompjes staet ende de schape staerten toecomen die bequai>m sijn 
om aff tè snijden, daer met ter tijt veel bdter mede sal cunnen 
verspaert worden 

In 't Fort de Ooede Hoope, UI: goede vrunt, 

den 7^' X"" 1655. Was geteijokent, 

Jan van Rikkrkck. 



No. 136. 
Dassen Kijlant. 

Aen den adsistent Jan Woutersjs: p' de Chaloup Kobbejacht gesz. 

Eersame, discrete, 

Alhoewel wij *t robbeiaohtjeu jegenwoordigh qualijck missen ir»» Dm 
cunnen om dagelijcx schapen op *t Robben Üajlant te brengen 
die jegenwoordigki in redulijcke abondantie van d' Inwoonders 
beneffens gx}ede partije koebe«>sten gehandelt worden, soo is 't 
dat wij des niet jegenstaende *t selve UI: bij desen evenwel 
toesenden express omme te vernemen hoe 't sigh daer met de 
robbenvanghst aenst^lt, om soo UI: meerder volcci mocht 
nodigh hebben ons dat ten eersten te laten weten, wij willen 
hopen deselve jegenwoordigh in abondantie opoomen ende bij UI: 
geen ijver tot opgaderinge van veel vellen ^espaeit wort den 
gesonden traen valt nu heel goet, derhalven bij die manier van 
branden wel continueren mitsgaders oock soo veele opgaderen 
mocht als doenlijck sij, dewijle tot Gomp* omslagh alhier vrij wat 
nodigli is. 

De vellen die in voorraet hebt sullen met het robbenj acht jen 
oock verwachten, item meede notitie van de personen die op *t 
Nacht ^liis tegen <len anderen overgegaen sijn, als oock wegen 't 
goet bij Ui : het voloq aldaer op reecq : verstreckt om hier na be- 
hoorf*u gebouckt te worden alsoo de boucken tegen 't laetste vau 
deee maent na de jaerlijoxe maniere zullen worden gesloten. 

U 



226 

1656. Yon need not leave the legs on the tldnB as they are subject to 

iTthDec. rotting — yon are to go on in the old way. 

In the laat skins there wefe many holes made by the knives. 
You must look to this, oUierwise the skins «rill not be worth a 
ftuthing and all the expensive labour go for nothing. Wo there- 
fore recommend that attention be ^d to this — ^those who do so 
out of spite are to be properly punished. The diligent are to he 
rewardea— -this will encourage them to continue in this dirty and 
unpleasant labour. 



We send you 6 bags cabbage for the men and I cask beer. 

(Signed) J. v. RiRHK.KrK. 
In the Port, I7th Dec., IfrW. 



No. i;i7, 
Itobben Island. 

To Sybrant Binckes and Willem Harmansz : 

vi \. i>t^-. The Rohbejaeht brings you 79 sheep — ^you must now have f>0(» 
— crmnt them well that we may know the exact number — the 
lame are to be kept near the homestead — those found missing at 
night are the following day at once to be searched for and returned 
to the tlock — all are to be taught to oome home to the stable every 
evening. A ^' kraal " is to be made for those which oan find no 
place in the sheds, similar to what the Hottentots do, of branches 
and bushes. During the night they oan be kept in it and in the 
morning they may be sent to pasture. This is to be done until 
we here break down the old Corps de Guarde which we intencl to 
w»iid over lor a stable. 



Should there be any not thriving very well, let us know how 
iiinny that we may make arrangements aooordingly, &o. 

(Signed) J. v. Rikbkrtk. 
In the Fort, 2lHh Dec,, 1665. 



227 

ül : hoeft de poten niet meer aen de vellen te laten aboo wij ^^' 
hemeroken deaelre te veel yerrottinge onderworpen sijn, dee op d' i-en dm. 
oude manier wel moght voortvaren. 

Inde laeet overgeoomen vellen hebben wij venioomen dat veele 
j^aten waren aU met meaaen geeteeoken, UI : moet daer wel voren 
laten sien off anders aouden de vellen niet een etuijver waerdigh 
weeën ende al die ooetelijoken arbeijt van soo veel volcx voor d. E. 
Oomp' te vergeefEs gedaen worden, dee gereoommandeert blijft 
daerop wat naeuwe toeiight te nemen, ende die sulox uijt moetwil 
ranch ten doen daer over na behooren te corrigeren, altijt lettende 
(ie naerstige wat meer ^^ta aU soodanige te doen 't welok veele 
proetwilligb ende vlijtigh m dat morsige ende smerige werck maken 
sal, pr. Gouvem". 

Wij senden bij desen ouck 6 sacken vol oool voor 't volcq ende 
1 vaetjen goot bier voor UI : groot 16 minirelen. Hiermeede 
(}ode in genaden bevolen en : gegroet van UI : goeden vrunt 

Int Fort de Goede Hoope, Wai geteijckent, 

desen 17"* X'"^ 1655. Jan van Ribbkrck. 



No. 137. 
Ilobben Eijlant. 
Aen Sijbraut Itinokes en Willem llarmansz : 

Hiernevens worden UI : met de sloep Robbejacht weder toege- 29mi Dec. 
snDdeii 7^ schapen soo datter nu moeten weeën 600 stz. ende op 
dat l'l : *t ons perfect souden cunnen laten weten, soo moeten UI : 
doselven altemalen eens ter degen tellen, ende aengaende de 
creupelen moeten dight bij \ huijs gehouden wonlen ende die 
telckens 's avonta bevint te missen off te affgedwaelt te wesen, 
dienen 's anderdaeghs ten eersten weder opgeaocht ende bij den 
generalen trop gebraght, mitsgaders in gewoonte gehoudtn om 
alle avonden roeede na de stal te oomen edoch die der vermita de 
menighte niet in cunnen moet daertoe dan een crael in't ronde 
worden gemaeokt, van struijcken ende tacken gelijok de Hotten- 
tooa hier doen om deaelve daer 'a nachts dan in te bewaren ende 
's morgens geeamentlijck weder uijt te laten gaen weijden ter tijt 
wil' hier de oude Oorps du Quarde affbreecken die dan derwaerts 
suUen atuijren om daisr een grooter atal aff te laten maeoken, ende 
80 der eeni|;e sijn die niet wel voort willen laet het ona weten 
met beaeheijt hoe veel datter zoodanige wel lijn om te overleggen 
wat wijder ten dienate van d' £. Gomp^ meede doen aullen. 

Hiermede Gode in genaden bevolen, 
^^ ' S^gr^ ^^<^ UI : goede vrunt, 

Waa geteijckent. Jan van Rikbrrck. 
Int Fort de Goede IJoope, 
desen 29** December 1655. 

i4'j 



228 

No. V]H. 
Dassen Island. 

To tho Assistant J. Wouterez : 

Sent per Rnhhejaclit and Penguin, 

166.'.. W© have heard from the mate of the Robhejacht that many seals 

."". are all around the island but that they did not oonie up higli 

enough, remaining on the rocks ; and that you intend to wait until 
they come nearer. We fancy that some may again be found on 
the islands about Saldanha Bay and we thert^fore send you the 
two boats that with all your men and tools you may proceed thither 
and eateh what you can find, trusting that in tho meanwhile the 
soals not lieing disturbed on Dassen Island will come up tho 
botter and so be more easily caught. But if you are of a dinerout 
opinion and think that [in the said Bay there roally are not so 
many seals, the Ixmts are to return, to carry sheep which are daily 
obtained, to Robben Island. You are also to consider and state 
wha* profitable things may be secured for the Company there iu 
the matter of the seal fishery that no men or time may be uselessly 
wasted, but a good quantity of skins collected of which we have 
good hopes, iu spite of your opinion. Last year th(» largest quan- 
tities came to hand in January and February. You are therefore 
to notice carefully when they breed and come most abundantly, 
for future guidance. Get as many of the best small skins as pos- 
sible—because of their beautiful fur they will fetch as much as 
the large ones, unless you think that in that case the old ones 
would not come up. You are to use your own <liscrotion and 
when you have spare time have the number of small skins re- 
trimmed, the smaller and darker the l)etter, 



We saw the sea lion's skin among the large ones and found it 
full of fat and oily, the oil boiling out of it with the heat of the 
sun, oonaequeutly all the tuiir falls off and the skin beoonies 
infested with wonns. The seal skins on the contrary become dry 



229 

No. 138. 
Dassen £ijlant. 

Aen den adsistent Jan Woutersz : pr. de Ghaloupen Bobbejaoht, 
ende Peguijn gesz : 

E^Tsame, diaorete : 

Uijt dou stuijrman van 't Robbojaohtjen hobbon wij monde- 1666. 
lingh verstaen dat wol goet deel robben rontsom aen alle oanten — 

van 't Eijlant waren doch dat deselve noch niet opquamen maer -9^'» I^- 
beneden op de olippen bleven liggen ende dat UI : derhalven 
van opinie ende voornemens waert wat stil te blijven tot deaelve 
wat meer mochten opoomen. zulcx dan bij ons sijnde ingosien 
ende gemerekt datter misschien in de baij van Saldanha wel 
eenige weder op d' Eijlanden te vinden wesen, soo heeft ons goet 
gedocht ül : bij desen toe te senden beijde de sloepen Robbejaoht 
ende Peguijn omme pr deselve met al U volcq ende gereetsz: 
eens weder derwaerts te gaen ende al op te vangen wat daer te 
vinden sal wesen op insighte ende hope dat tussohen wijle de 
robben op 't Dassen Eijlant niet geatoort wordende te beter sullen 
opoomen ende daerna te faoilder gevangen mogen worden. Edoch 
soo UI : de saken aldaer anders insagen en : dachten dattet in de 
baij voormelt soo heel veel niet sonde mogen beschieten too 
sullen UI : de gemelte vaertuijghen ten eersten laten wederom 
comen, om schapen (noch dagelijox al redelijck gehandelt 
wordende) op't robben Eijlaiit te brengen mitsgaders wij- 
ders overleggen ende voorwenden 't gene aldaer ten mees- 
ten dienste van d' E : Comp' tot de robben vanghst sal 
c^men te vereijsschen op datter geen volcq noch tijt noodeloui 
gebruijckt ofte gespilt maer goede partije vellen opgegadert 
mogen worden, daertoe wij (tegen U opinie) noch al goede hooi>e 
hebben, vermits A pass* de meeste partije in Januari ende 
Februarij eerst ons oock toequamen, dernalven naeuwe acht moet 
nemen wanneer deselve jongen ende meest opoomen tot beter 
narightinge in toecomeu Ie, en laet mede niet na so veel van de 
beste cleijne te crijgen a > mogelij ck is, zullen apparent om haer 
schoon bont alsoo wel u 8 de s^oote ofte overgehaelde getrocken 
worden ende nser advenant gelden, ten ware Ül : dachten dat de 
ouden dan niet v^'oomen souden des met overlegh moet te werck 
gaen, ende laet voor't ledigh gaen noch al partij moffe vellekens 
overhalen hoe oleijnder ende bruijnder van haer hoe beter. 

Wij hebben gesieu onder de becomen velUn het groote zee- 
leeuwen vel ende bevonden 't selve gantsch vet ende tranigh te 
wesen, ja, soodanigh datter den traen van de hitte der zonne 
boven uijt braet, ende ingevolghe 't haijraltemalen aff valt mits- 
gaders oock vol woimeu groeijt, daei ter contrarie de robben 



230 

l65o. Qjj^ retain their hair. You ure therefore not to trouble yourselves 
•29th l>ec. about sea lion» unless you expect to obtain a lot of oil from tlioir 
excessive fatness We expect to be informed by you, Ac. 

(Signed) J. v. Hiebekck. 
In the Fort, 21Hh Dec., 1655. 



P.8. — Having written thus far we have on second thoughts 
thought it better to hear your opinion on our own, which we 
expect as soon as possible — 29th Dec., 1655. 



1650. Having already sent away the above, but the Robbejachi having 

Jamuiry ^° Compelled to put back because of contrary wind, we adhere 
to what we wrote and expect to receive your opinion, but as the 
delay has been long, we trust that the seals have appeared in such 
larjge numbers, that it will not be deemed necessary to proceed to 
SaManha Bay. We expect to receive the desired news as soon as 
possible, and also to see the boat return with a full cargo of 
skins, &c. 

(Signed) J. v. Birkbkck. 
Jan , 1656. 



2S1 

vellen droogh worden ende vast van haijr bliiven UI : sullen der- ^^' 
lialven Toortaen geen moeijten meer om deaeWe doen, ten ware ^lenVrn-, 
datter mits hare groote vettigheijt ofte diokspeok veel traen Tan te 
orijgen soude weeën, waer op wij van ül : oock tullen antwoort 
ende beright verwaohten. 

Hiermeede Qode in genaden bevolen ende gegroet van 

ül : goede : vrunt, 

Was geteijokent, Jan tan Bikbbbck. 

Int Fort de Gh>ode Hoope, 
desen 29 December A'\ 1655. 

Deeen dus verre gesjs : ende al gesloten sijnde hebben ons be- 
daoht wegen de Ssldanha Baij, ende eeraden geacht eerst U 
ad vijs op voorss : onse consideratie te hooren die wij dan ten 
eersten sullen verwachten 29** d". 



Dese bovenstaende al eens affgesonden hebbende en : 't robbe- I0i6. 
jaohtjen daermede mits oontarije wint onvolbraohter voja^e " . 
wederem geoomen sijnde, soo dient dit dat wij ons bij 't vonge <^"*^"' 
blijven gedragen, ende verwaohten zullen UI : advijs als boven, 
edoch dewijle het dus lange heefft geduijrt eer wij't gemelte 
jacht jen om redenen voorss : oock hebben cunnen afbenden soo wil- 
len wij hoepen ondertusschen 't opoomen van de robben sodanigh 
sal hebben toegenomen dat op de vanghst in de Baij niefc sal be- 
hoeven gedacht te worden, waervan do gewenscbte tijdinge 
nevens 't jachtjen vol Vellen metten eersten hopen te gemoet to 
sien, hiermede d'Almogendo in genaden bevolen ende gegroot vau 
UI : goede Trunt, 



Januari 1656. 

Was geteijckent. 



Jan van Rivbbbcr. 



6tli Jhii. 



232 
LETTERS DESVM\mED—{rouiiNind). 



Robben Island. 
To Sybrant Rinokes and Willem Uarmausz. 

1606. We send you 36 sheep also Thomas Christoffelsz Mulder, who 

is to take the place of Maiien Comelisz at present on the island, 
whom you may send back, as well as a young ram when the 
Itobbfjftc/if/e returns from Dansen Island, in order to be killed for the 
table here. We shall also expect with her the tails that are fit for use, 
but they are not to be out off before the young sheep are old 
enough for breeding, that the tails may beoome somewhat bigger, 
and we may obtain a larger quantity of dripping in order to save 
butter. You shall do the same with the wethers, whose tails, 
however, you are to let grow larger, and which you shall only cat 
off when a vessel is at hand for taking them in, that they may be 
skinned fresh and sprinkled with some salt and sent over at once. 

The rams, however, kept by you for breeding purposes shall 
retain their tails. Remember this ! With greeting from your good 
friend. 

(Signed) Jem an van Rikhkkck. 

P.S. — You are also not to light beacon fires before vessels are in 
sight which cannot reach the roadstead the same day and are 
kept in the offing, or unless any trouble is caused you, which has 
ere this often commended to you as a signal, as it is very incon- 
venient every now and than to send vessels over for trifles. Had 
it not been for your fires we would have waited until more sheep 
had been bartered. 



Instructions for the officers of the yaoht NachtgUu, proceeding to 
Saidanha Bay da Robben and Dassen Islands. 

sittJan. As tbi^ yacht must ne<«'88arily proceed to Saidanha Bay for 
repairs, you shall leave with the first favourable breese and take 
with you the sloop Peguyn^ calling at Dassen Island to deliver our 
letter, and should you find the Robbejachije there, you shall at 
once deliver to her the provisions for the seal oatohers, and even 
should you meet her on the way, you shall take out of her all the 
skins she has on board, for that purpose taking her with you to 
Dassen Island, so that you may take the skins on to Saidanha 
Bay, where they are to be landed until your vessel after having 
been beached has been thoroughly repaixedt ithm they are to be 



233 

taken on board again. You will alflo ask Jau Woutorbz whother ^^**' 
he has any more on hand, or anything to oommunioate to us. After ,{|^ j,^, 
that you shall make use of every breath of wind to reach this, 
leaving behind you the Hohb^acUtje for the u«e of the neal catchers 
as long as required. 

8hould you, however, not fall in ^^ith the RithbejacMJey you 
shall remain with the seal catchers at the bay, in order to take 
care of their provisions and regularly fetch water for them, &c., 
until the return thither of the Robbejachtje, or Jan Woutersz may 
decide to proceed with the seal catchers in your vessel to Dassen 
Island, or do whatever else may be deemed necessary in the 
interest of the Company. At any rate you are not to leave before 
the lMheJachije\ arrival, ss otherwise the men left on the dry 
islands without galiot or yacht would nerish from thirst. 

Should Jan Woutersz require Jan lx)uys'B and Evert Jansen 's 
services in addition to those of his other men for the seal finherv, 
you shall permit him to retain them, without taking away twd 
others in their stead, for you will still have seventi^n left to 
bring the galiot hither. The two Englislimen who go with you, 
you shall put on board their own little vessel. 

In the Fort, i^., the 31st January, 1056. 

(Signed) J. v. KiKKKKrK. 



To Jan Woutersz on Dassen Islami. 

Ii4»ceive<l yours of the lOth and Jltli instant, and with regret 
heard of your |>oor success in seal hunting, probably caused by 
the arrival of (Jom|.auy's and English ships there this year, and 
their men (•n>ssing the beiuh to and fro in all directions, Ac. We 
trust with you that some may still be found on the islands in 
Saldanha Bay, and therefore we send you in company with this 
vessel, the NachtgütH^ the litth» sloop Jt^rguyn^ as well as the pro- 
visions mentioned on the accompanying list. We are at present 
not provided with any sails, so that you will have to get along 
with the old tent, as well as with the old whetstone which you 
have there, as we have only one here. 

This galiot proct'eds to HaManha Bay for repairs, after that she 
will call on you to take in oil or skins, or to be of such other 
service» as may bo required. Should she, however, meet the 
RoftUjarhfjr at Dassen Island, she shall take out of the latter all 
the skins on board of her and transship into her all the provisions 
intended for you. She shall also leave the Robhejachfje with you 
for sailing to and fro in your service». But should she have been 
des{>atched hither bi^fore the arrival of this galiot, you shall with 
your men proceed in the latter and the Ptguyn to Saldanha Bay, 



284 

iGóc. and keep tlie galiot there until the arrival of the Robh^arhtje^ after 
:UHt~Jiin. ^hich she is to be despatched hither atonoe with all the skins you 
have ready, keeping the little jraoht as long a$ you require her. 

We also send you 3 bags cabbages, 2 bags carrots, and some 
turnips, cucumbers and radishes for your use, as well as the 
carcase of an ox, the half for yourselves and the Rohbejachtje^ 
one quarter for the galiot, and one quarter for the Englishman, 
whom you may give some of the turnips, cabbages, and carrots, 
with our compliments, as an act of courtesy, &c. 

Lou^s Bain and Evert Jansz we have placed on the Peguun t(» 
be again employed in seal catching Uiere ; also Warnar and Arien 
Fousten. Gherrit Harmansz we have made quartermaster, as we 
believe that he will be of great service to you there. 

The English, who accompanied our people hither overland, 
return in this g^ot, in order to be placed on board their vessel 
again. It is not good that you send English people overland with 
oiu: people, or employ them there to assist you in seal catching. 
In future you should refrain from doing so, that they may have 
less chance of observing the Company's opportunities here, and 
not obtain any advantage in the world over it ; as it should be 
our object to place foreign nations under obligations, especially to 
the Company. Do not forget to return each time the casks, cans, 
i^nd bottles. 

In the Port, &c., the ^Ist January, 1606. 

(Signed) J. v. Biebkfxk^ 



To Batavia. 
To the Govenior*Qeneral and Councillors. 

unh M«nh. The retuni fleet not having as yet arrived, this will only serve 
U) cover the annexed garden seeds, freshly gathered since the 
departur<' of the Hon. Kemp, and consisting of 10 large and small 
bags. We trust that they will be welcome. 

Annexed is also a list of the men discharged hence into the 
Muydeti and Weeap, «35 in number, mostly oonvalestients from the 
fleet of the Uon. Kemp. At present fully 20 are still in hospital, 
who when rec^ivennl will with others also be sent on by fint 
opportunity. We have also, aoi^rding tii your orders, sent home 
some incapables in the return fleet, in order to relieve ourselves as 
much as possible, as they caused great consumption here. 

How excellently the breedinff and bartering of cattle are suc- 
ceeding you will be able to gather from the reports of impartial 
persons now leaving. Wo shall, however, advise you fully on 
this subject later on, as well as reply to your letters. .... 

(Signed) J. V. Bubebck. 



235 



16Ó6. 



Instrui'tiuns for the oHioeri» of the hIood liohhejarht, proooeding 

henoo via Daaseii Island to Saldauha Bay, ^^*** ^**"*- 

As tlu? return fleet is exi)ei*ted every minute, with which we 
would like to send home a good quantity of seal skins ; and as we 
believe that a considerable number is ready in Saldanha Bay, 
you shall leave with the first fair wind in order to take the skins 
thenoe, calling on your way at Dassen Island to see whether any 
soaLi are making their anpeoranoe there, in order to be able to 
report to Jan Woutersz for hit* information. Having boen dis- 
missed by him, you shall hurry hither at onct», that you ma> still 
fmd the return fleet here, into which the nkins arc to be shipped. 
Wish you a prospenms passage thither and back. 

(Signed) J. v. Uirhkkck. 



To Jan Woutersz, assistant, at Saldanha Bay. 

We again send you the Robbejavhtje with provisions. She will 
rapidly take in such seal skins as you have on hand, that they 
may be sent home in the return fleet, expected ever}' moment. 
You are therefore advised to send her back ai fast as you can. 
81 le will also report to you whether there are any seals on Dassen 
Island ; should there be any, you may (if you have finished in the 
bay) proi'eed thither in the Rohhejaditje and Peguyn, But to go 
to St. Helena Bay with the former, we consider too dangerous. 
It shall therefore not be done before you reoeive our further orders. 

Wlien you have removed to Dassen Island, we shall be glad to 
hear of it by means of both the sloops, so that wo may send you 
your iieeessary provisions with the Robhejarhtje, 

You shall take no men out of the Rohftejachfje on herpresent 
voyage, as siuh changes cause considerable inconvenience. We send 
you as stores for yourselves and the IMhe/acht/e a J aum arrack, 1 
anker half oil and vinegar, 'i casks biscuits, 1 do. rice, and a | aum 
of meat. 

(Signed) J. v. Riebbkck. 



To the Seventeen. 

Our last. i\ivU\l 29th Dee#'mber, we sent you ria London, per j.vth Mardi. 
the LorCy rt copy of which is annexed unto this. 

Regarding the present condition of this place, the callle trade 
and agriculture ure, thank Go<l, more than doubly suflicient and 
abundant fur the refreshment of your vessels, so that this work has 
l>een thoroughly completed and brought to the hoped for end. 



236 

16Ó6. 'pIjq fortifications, and dwellings within thorn, in a square, are 
aoihJfarah. i^ostly all built of briok and lime, strong and durable, so tliat 
there will soon be time over to make something outside of the fort 
for freemen and others, who (should you incline to make this a 
colony) are to be entrusted with all cultivation in the future ; for, 
as already mentioned, there are at present, during the whole year, 
sufficient produce in the vegetable and cabbage gardens to supply 
the vessels well and properly. Tree growing also promises well, 
especially apples and oranges from St. Helena, of which more will 
be obtained thence wlien a galiot is sent thither ttuB year, in order 
to bring us the horses running there, so that we may obtain an 
abundance. 

The St. Helena pigs thrive here much better than the Dutch, 
so that we shall order some to be brought hither ; but the breeding 
of them, as well as of fowls, geese, ducks, Ac, would best suit the 
freemen, as it would be too costly to the Company, which would 
require to feed men to look after them, who being merely clumsy 
and useless fellows, would take very little care of them, whilst 
others who are of a better class think too much of themselves to 
look after pigs and such things. 

And as the cattle trade with the natives is at present proceeding 
so excellently, the Company will have enough meat as well as 
garden produce, but should the Company decide to settle freemen 
here, in order thus to reduce the number of her workmen, and 
keep a light garrison here of soldiers and arquebusiers, leaving the 
rest in the hands of the freemen, who might be used as burgher 
watohmen everywhere in the country, it would be necessary for 
her to refrain from all agricultural pursuits, that the free- 
men may be able to earn their living. Thus many men would be 
economized that are now employed in agriculture, that is for 14 or 
15 morgen of ground, already prepared, 25 men. Each calculated 
at f 10 per month, would cause a saving per year of fSUOO ; his 
food would cost half as much, viz., f 1500, and the lease of the 
lands already previously prepared for cultivation would also render 
fl500, or a grand total saving of f6000. And for 5 men as many 
assistants for the seal fishery as may be required, which fishery 
only lasts three months in the year. 

Against the above the lessees, who continue incurring the ex- 
penditure f or men or slaves at less expense to the Company, might 
be allowed on behalf of the Companv for every man on the v. ssels 
arriving here two stivers daily, and for that bo bound to deli^ er in 
proportion to the number of each ship's crew an abundance of garden 
produce, inoludine a similar quantity for the voyage, &o. No doubt 
every one would oo his best in this respect in order to obtain a ready 
sale. And if it be estimated that the crews of the vessels arriving 
here would amount to ('»/'<^ \ m.^l every ship were to remain here 
10 days on an average, huni'.* for a longer and others for a shorter 



237 

time, the lessees would seoure the aforesaid 16000. This would be 1^^* 
a first step to show the freemen how to make a living. This, 25th March, 
however, would afford but little if any profit to the Company, 
excepting that the freemen, for the protection of their own pro- 
perty, would assist in establishing the Company on a firm basis 
here, as they could be employeil on burgher guard, and a much 
smaller garrison consequently kept here, whilst your ships would 
be abundantly su{)plied with the necessary refreshments to which 
the commander of this platje lias now to attend. The cattle trade, 
howev(T, with the natives, and the supplying of cattle to the ships, 
should always be kept in the hands of the Company alone, as 
otherwise the freemen would spoil and ruin that business, who will be 
able to disix)ver sufficient profit in many other things, such as the 
bre<Hling of sheep, fowls, geese, ducks, &c., which thev might sell 
to private persons, besides what they also supply to the company. 
For we have already observed that some married persons who have 
been given some small gardens for their exclusive use, are already 
doing well with the produce, and the breeding of fowls and egffs, 
&c., and give particular satisfaction to the going and coming, mio 
ar«' enabletl to buy something for themselves, independent of what 
is given them on l)oard their v(*8sels, and are able to satisfy their 
own likings. The same result has been obtained by leasing the 
milch cows, as every one can now buy sweet and butter milk, 
without distinction of persons. This does not tend a little towards 
8p«»cially rofr(»shing and contenting the voyagers, &c., as will be 
more fully seen in the l^solutions of the 1st October, which was 
adopted miTel^ to make a trial ^^'ith this special lease, that the 
Company may in course of time be benefited by it, independent of 
the profits which wcmld be dt»rived from supplying the freemen 
with their necessari(*s, and from the cow hides carefully 
collect^^, so that in this way all the refreshments would cost the 
Company nothing and in time leave a profit, as is already evident 
from the annual accounts. And if the rest of the lands, properly 
prepared in two or three years' time, are then also leased, reason- 
able profits might be expected from them, as well as from the 
fisheries, house-rents, &c. 

From all the above, as well as from tobacco-growing which 
promises favourably, the freemen would obtain enough profit, as 
well as from rearing pigs, fowls, &c., which they would sell for 
their greater prosperity, and which, for the reasons already 
mentioned, would be a too costly undertaking for the Company, 
and as the attempts made have proved, not very practicable. 

It will also make a gri'at difference to the Company when the 
officials and married servants of the Company are plaoeid on board 
iiinn»»y, Dot on'y <»n a<eount of the trouble of their wives and 
• hildren, but also in order to get rid of the maintenance of their 
servants and slaves, who n< (W cost as much as half of the Cape 
Garrison. 



238 

\i\M\. Through all which the Company's expenditure will diminish 

25th March. J®^ ^^^^ Y^^j and all other matters prosper to her benefit and 
the special comfort of the passing voyagers. M oreorer, it is to bt» 
hoped that an excellent quantity of com will be raised here, 
(according to further experience evidently sufficient for this place), 
which might be taken over at a reasonable price from the freemen, 
and should there be a surplus, the latter might be sent to Bataviu 
in the outward boimd, without the necessity of an express vensel 
being despatched for the piupose. It might be stowed in the 
Vessel's bread chambers emptied during the passage between the 
Fatherland and this, as well as in other parts of the ship. Th(^ 
success ID all these matters appear to us to be promising, whilst 
the garrison will be kept cheaply, bo that you will hardly feel the 
expense, whilst the common people, besides the rice from Batavia, 
abundantly obtained from the homeward bound shipp, miffht also 
be fairly well provided with barley. Salt meat and pork Siey are 
already commencing to do without, and are instead slaughtering 
oxen and sheep which cost very little. You may be quite sure 
that we shall arrange everything as inexpensively as possible, in 
order to make you feel the Cape expenditure less, but at the same 
time also letting you pluok the desired fruit, on which may God 
give the blessing. 

As a further burden to the place we are sometimen loaded with 
many sick from the outward bound that have had somewhat long 
])assages, but nothing (X)mpared to what we expected, as mostly all 
recover before their departure, so that we never have more than 60 
or SO on our hands, who are always sent away with the first 
ships to India, after recovery. Very few have died ; for instance, 
this year only eleven persons both of the garrison and the sick of 
the ships departed this life ; truly a small number compared with 
former years, when the Company lost himdreds of lives on the 
outward passage and the Cape was not called at, which next to 
God is now of grc»at service to the Company with its refreshments 
and healthy climate, as the men are as a rule so much required in 
Iii'lia. 

Your onlcrs therefore to the skippers to call at the Cape on pain 
of forfeiting the premium, are not onlv necessary and should be 
continued, but the penalty should even l>e made famvier, as some 
skipi)ers who have great authority on their ahipa, and whom in 
consequence the mates, and muoh less those oouneillors of lower rank 
do not dare to contradict, have more than once said that they are not 
much concerned about the premium, which only amounts to f 166§f 
and consequently is of sbght consideration. A heavier penalty 
would therefore not be out of place in order to oompel them 
to touch here, as the re«ult would be that they would bring but 
few sick here, for although they might soon readi the latitude 
of the Capi^ with fairly healthy crews and a sufBci^t quantity 



239 

of water on board to pats this plaoe, it has already long ago ^^^• 
been found that if those people naas the Gape and experienoe 26tliHBroh 
the oold further south, they generally fall ill antl b<HX>me weak, 
so that very difficult voyages were usually maile, and a multi- 
tude of unhealthy people brought to Batavia. Sometimes 
skippers were iuduoed to tiun back to the Cape, as in 1G54 
i>s{)«H lull)*, when the JFaln'n^ akippor Jan van Kampen, having 
reoihed the latitude of the Cape rathor soon, decided to pass ; but 
afterwards finding the men falling ill in such nimibers, he 
was compelhHl to return, and arrive<l here with more than 170 
sit k, exolusive of 3 who hail died. The Lonifxe and Gecroonde 
L^^rmr were in no less plight, being hardly able to furl their sails 
or east anchor on tlieir arrival here. It is therefore evident that 
if the outward boimd at onoe make for the Cape they would 
hardly bring any siok here, for as seurvv would be only oommenc- 
ing, it would at onoe be rooted out by the daily Cape refreshments 
and the men brought to suuh strong health that it is a pleasure to 
see. 

Subject to your wiser judgment, it woidd in our opinion not be 
out of place it the return ships also received more stnn^nt orders 
to call at the Cape, as some of their skippers gladly seize on any 
pretext to pass and proceed to St. Helena. To this the Company 
will he stul more subjec^t, as the officers are obtaining certain 
information that they are to take on board sealskins here annuaHy, 
which the home voyagers are as desirous of as seeing their own 
hearts, as we have already mentioned ere this. And though some 
may endeavour to find an excuse here or there, it is certain, never- 
theless, that if they only will, they can always come in here, or 
anrho? before or in the mouth of the bay, as will be shown later 
ou, the said bay being as beautiful for entering successfully, 
acionliijg to the testimony of man^ old skippers, as any in the 
whole world, and if land be sighted m the proper latitude, it will 
l)e riHOKnixed quickly enough, especially by means of the familiar 
Table Mountain, &c., which in clear weather is visible a ffreat 
distaixe off at sea. The rock WalrU (whale rock) between Uobben 
Island and the tail of the Lion is about a small half mile (Dutch) 
distant from the former, thus leaving a space of fully \\ miles 
Wtwei^n itself and the mainland. This we ourselven found to b<* 
the case wh(*n wo sailed over the distance in a sloop (see our 
Journal of the 25th February last), hence the danger of that 
passage is not so great as it is 8up}K)sed by some to be, who believed 
the Wahiê ro< k to be right in the middle of the strait, which is a 
mistake, as above explained. 

The Hon. van Goens, in his letter from St. Helena, advised ns 
amonffst others, to place some cattle on that island as a further 
rt' fresnment for the ships, «So. ; but this would afford greater iii- 
ilucement to pass this plae<». «mtrary to the Company's intentions ; 



240 

^^- henoe with due reepect to IIis Honour, we deemed such a step 
25th March. UTiadviftible, and the more so as suoh cattle would be caught with- 
out an eye on their increase, by the English» French, <Sc., 
long before the arrival there of the Company s return fleets, as is 
annually experienced in the oase of the pigs and oranges, so that 
the beasts would not be for the Company but for strangers. 
In our opinion, therefore, subject however to your riper judgment, 
it would be hotter to make suoh a refreshment place unfit for use, 
as then the Indian Navigation would be made more difficult to 
them (foreigners), if at the same time no disservice is done to the 
Company by such a course. 

We afsuro your honours, that with the help and blessing of 
God, we have a sufficient abundanoe of refreshments for your out 
and homeward bound ships, more than they will be able to consume, 
and that all the year round, without failure at any time. The 
same excellent results have also been attained in the oase of oattle, 
as will appear from our Journal ; and how could the coarse, hairy, 
hard sorrel of St. Helena be compared to our Dutch cabbage, 
turnips, radishes, yellow, red and white carrots, salad, beet, chervil, 
parsley, cress, and all other kinds of European fine greens as well 
as excellent Indian fruits, such as water melons, &c. 

Oranges and lemons will also soon be in abundanoe here, judging 
from appearances, besides cattle and sheep instead of the pigs 
which are to be caught on that island with painful labour, and 
when not caught oause great inconvenience, whilst here each ship 
receives its proper pro rata share of refreshments aooording to the 
number of its orew, which refreshments moreover are prepared 
for and sent on board of it. This is certainly oonvenieut so that 
St. Helena may well be forgotten, whilst the plants sent out by 
you, which arrived here in a reasonably good condition, >vill 
evidently thrive as a further refreshment and recreation. 

And should you remain inclined to the Madagascar trade, and 
for that purpose send us the yacht asked for, or another even more 
suitable, there will certainly be some expedient found with which 
to make the English and French so odious there, that perhaps they 
will no longer be admitted or trusted by the natives, and tnus be 
kept away from the country. 

For that purpose the aboriginals there should be shown under 
our banner every friendship in the world, and on the other hand 
caused every annoyance by us under English, French, and Portu- 
guese flags, the crews being disguised in false dresses, hair and 
beard ; or suoh other steps may be taken as may be deemed best 
for the Company and most practicable for the injury of others, &i\ 

\l vessels were despatcheil henoe to Cabo Negro and Angola for 
hides, elephant tusks, slaves, rice, Ac., St. Helena Nova^ if not 
fortified, might, as suggested in the case of Old St. Helena, he 
conveniently oalUnl at and ruined, and at the same time a look out 



241 

kept for Portugese fvixMj wpeoially when we ohtAui from you a ^^• 
well armed yaoht which during the west luonaoou might be used 2.Hh lUi«h« 
with a three-maflted galiot like the Tidp or Breukel for yojraging 
towardB Madagancar, and during the flouth-east season towards the 
north to Capo Negro, Angola and elsewhere, as we share your 
opinion that towards tho north a quantity of hides, tusks, slaves 
and rioe, &o., will be found. The passage henoe to Angola oould 
be easily made, as it has already been three times experienced that 
a vessel oan always do the distance from St. Helena to this in 20, 
23, and 26 days. 

In accordance with your orders we have, ere this, had the islands 
of Tristan d'Aounha visited by the yacht Naehtglas^ in compliance 
with a resolution adopted on this subject on the 1 1th Nov. under 
the Presidency of the Hon. Kemp, l^ey were, however, found 
to be <|uite barren, rocky, steep and arid, so that it would be 
unadvisable for ships to look for a roadstead there, they being too 
dangerous to approach except in the direst dist^-ess for water, 
which mi^ht be obtained there, but with great trouble and danger, 
for the skipper and mates of the aforesaid galiot are of opinion tnat 
out of ten voyages perhaps only one will he successful in enabling 
tliC seamen to touch there, in consequence of the stormy and 
variable winds and cloudy 'sky, dbc., as will be more fully seen in 
our Journal of the 27th January last, us well as from the annexed 
three Journals and the charts compiled by the aforesaid skipper 
and the two mates, to which we refer you. 

According to our intentions, as well as by order of the Hon. van 
(loens (who also had his attention drawn to the matter) we have 
further investigated whether the plain between Table and False 
Bays can be out or dug through, and the Gape thus made an 
island ; but we found this to be impossible, even if millions of 
gold were expended and thousands of men employed on the 
work; hence the Hon. Company should at once abandon the 
project, as it would also be unadvisable for many other reasons 
more fully stated in our Journal of the 2nd February last. The 
best course, however, would be, as suggested by you, as if you 

J ourselves had personally investigated the matter on the spot, to 
uild redoubts here and there on this isthmus, which has beautifnl 
pastures and is mostly always occupied by the natives with their 
cattle and consequently eaten bare. This would make the place 
more secure, and we would at the same time remain possessors of 
the pastures. These redoubts might be garrisoned by the soldiers 
who are now taking care of the cattle, or perhaps by one or two 
more, and the cattle depastured within range of the guns. This 
is as necessary as anjrthing in the world and may be efFeeted at 
the least possible cost. 

We have had the charts of this Cape and its surroundings once 
more carefully examined, but hitherto not been able t'O discover 



242 

16*6. anything else than that tho Bpaoeoftheneck orthe level plain between 
26th Murch. T^^^^^ ^^^ False Bays has oeen laid down somewhi^ too narrow, 
a« it is in faot more than 6 (Dutch) miles broad ; but when after 
this False Bay is again examined, this will be remeilied at the 
same time, just as we did in the oase of Robben and Dassen 
Islands, which were oircumnavi^ted with a sloop, which took 
soundings evwrvwhero, and laid down all the points according to 
(•ompasR, as will be seen from the annexed charts. For tho rest 
all is well, whilst the Hon. Herpers and officers of the Salniamh^r 
discovore<l besides a very fine roadstead or little bay for large 
ships on the south side in the mouth of Saldanha Bay, in 
22 fathoms of fine sandy bottom whence they can always 
proceed to seai with every wind. Thenoe along the whole 
coast to within Table Bay very fine sandy bottom is also 
found, on 16, 20, 30 and 40 fathoms fit for anchoring in with 
safety ; but it will be better during the South East Monsoon for 
ships to approach the Cape somewhat more Southerly, as during 
that season the currents set in very strongly towards the North, so 
that they can approach only with difficulty. During the North 
West Monsoon, however, they can more easily approacli straight 
from the North and enter this bay better than from the South. 
We have also found that ships from India arriving befon» the ha y 
towards the end of the South East Monsoon and finding the wind 
blowing rather strongly, at onee, as in the case of the Wenep \i\nX 
year, immediately sail away before it towanls St. Hehma, though 
they could satisfactorily anchor in 7, H, 10, li and 12 fathoms in 
tbe finest sand bottom in the world, anywhere in the mouth of the 
bay, without even the necessity of making for Bobben Island or 
any other roadstead mentioned in your instructions, as the wind 
causes no seas, blows off shore and never last« longer than three 
days, after which the anchorage below the Fort can be easily 
reached with any kind of bn*eze. This we have observtMl with 
many ships, and even made a trial with the galiots dining the 
most violent South Easters. 

Last year we communicated to you in detail our opinion 
regarding the trade with Mailagascar, giving you also our reason 
for asking for the yacht, in order with it to provision Mauritius to 
be appended to this place, &.v. We have since heard from an 
English Oaptiiin named Eduart Sunjan, who called here in 
Febnuury last in a small vessel, the Af-oma^ that the aforesaid 
Island «>uld lie navigated hence with more success and service for 
the Company somewhat lower on the inner side from the 15th 
degree to the mout Northerly point of Cape St. Sebastian inclusivt\ 
as there we might lie in wait for Portuguese t radene from 
Mozambique who obtain all their necessaries fr^m there, provisions 
such as rice, beans, cattle, wax and all other ««ommodities, without 
which Mojsambique would not be able to exist, as neither that 



243 

Island nor the neighbouring Mainland produoes rioe or anything *^^- 
else on which to suhsiBt as a substitute for bread, aocording to the ^r^^^ u%nli. 
information given by the said Englishman, who had oauled at 
MozambiQiio an<l Madagascar in an English vessel in August, 
U>44. He was acoordingly of opinion that by hindorins^ the 
provision traffic of Moxjimbique at the afc»re8aid plaoes, the latter 
would be considerably embarrassed, as you will be able to see more 
fully in our Journal of the 9th February, 1656. 

And as tlie siime person believed that we would find there not 
only fairly civil people, a» well as a better rice and slave trade 
than at Antongil, i^c, and also a fair quantity of amber ; and that 
nioreoviT, the Portuguese in Mozambique oould be caused very 
great trouble, as they are obliged to obtain thenoe their rice and 
meat and many other commodities mostly needed, we decided to 
bring it to your notice, tliat after oarefid consideration and the 
receipt of further infonuation you may issue such orders as you 
may deem b^^st in the interents of the Company ; that is provided 
we obtain the ya<'ht, with which we mignt make the attempt, 
when another ox|>edition is despatched to Madagascar, as the 
Mozambifiuo vessels proceeding thither in the manner mentioneil, 
are but small vessels from 10 to 20 lasts at the most, and ordinarily 
anned with «»no or two pedereros, whilst some have only 7 or 8 
muskets for their defent'e, and are manne<l by <mly one or two 
native PortuguetM» and six or seven blacks. In such vessels they 
convey all their riif", a large number of ctittle, amber, &o. The 
cattle are principally used for refreshing the Portuguese caracks 
and galleons, which annually call at Mosambique for refreshments, 
just a.^ our vi^^els do at the Cape, but which refreshments of cattle 
they might be deprived of bv our frequenting that neighbourhood 
and hindering their tradt» with Madagascar, so that, according to 
the Englishman they would be so distressed in Mosambique, that 
they would come to great want and thun in consequence even desire 
to abandon their settlement; whilst in time an opportimity 
m*ght offer itself to the Company easily to bei-ome mistress of tlu' 
Portuguese' Fortress to the great mjury of that nation's Indian 
trailc, as they would then have no places in betw«»n at whii-h they 
(Htuld refresh, which nevertholüss would be a ne<'essity for them, as 
they would not otherwise \m able to continue their voyaffes, in 
«ims^Hiuem-*' of the multitude of men which they would lose uiiring 
the long passages. 

And though we can guess that long ore this you have obtaine<t 
much better information reganling M(»sambique, we could not 
refrain, as it was but a little trouble to lui, to communicate the 
uliove to yon, as the Euf^lish Captain assure ; us that what he told 
us was the truth, he having be<«n thei-e in August, 1644, so that he 
gave us the result of his observatioiu) For that reason he ha^l 
wished tliat he ha<l hail a commission so that he might do liiuin to 

h2 



244 

^^** the Portu^ieee, with whom, however, Enghind was at ueaoe. Uad 
35tbMaivb. ^^^ ^^^ Deen the oase, he would have ventured all his probable 
profits on such an expedition. Hii little Yessel, very much like 
the ISilp with three masts, would be lust suitable for it as well as 
Atrong enough, and if aeoompanied by another moi-e powerful 
yaoht or handy flute, more awe would be inspire^l and tli<» two 
might be employed to capture the Fortress and discharge and take 
in go«>ds, &x:., of which a considerable quantity will be obtainable 
there. (This for your information — Z>' ml rim). 

In your private letter despatohed by the Amsterdam Chamber, 
and dateil the 18th January last, you expressed your fear of an 
attaok from the Portuguese squadron that was to leave Lisbon last 

r'ng with the new viceroy tor Goa. The said Englishman had 
undtfrstood from the Portuguese Agent in London that they 
had intended, if wind and weatner favoured them, to call at the 
Gai>e on their way, attaok the Company's fort and plantations, 
and do as murh mischief as possible, as the Viceroy in consequenoe 
of his victories in the Brazils has been very much encouraged and 
grown conceited accordingly, so that as we have to dread similar 
as well as Fren<*h adventurers, a garrison of not less than 120 
Netherlanders should be kept here, as otherwise we shall be subject 
to much molestation. But this number aWU hardly be able 1o 
withstand a European force, in conseouenoe of the many sjmt^ on 
which a landing can be effected, whicn could not l)e very well l»e 
prevented by so few men who would also have to guard the Fort. 
And when once Europeans have effected a landing, they couhl, 
in consequence of the favourable conditions of the surroundinn, 
lay siege to the Fort as they pleased, and approach right into the 
ramparts, especially during the rainy monsoon, when the ground 
is fairly soft for trenching. 

With reverence we desire once more to refresh your memory on 
this subject that we may be held blameless, if, on account of a weak 
garrison anything should Ix'fall us any evening or morning (which 
God forbid). W»* therefore submit this, subject to correction, as a 
warning an<l timely notice. Yea ! We should not be weaker even 
over against these natives, as from time to time they are growing 
more cunning and worse, and were it not that we «•arefully and 
vigilantly everj- day ^ard the Company's cattle with at hnist V\ 
or 14 and even sometimes with 20 stout soldiers, besides thost* who 
herd the calves, sheep, pigs, fowls, Ac., in the " veld," they would 
long since have once more been carried o£f by the Hottentoos, as 
they have many times attempted to do. especially Henry, Oaapman, 
and a certain old Captain called by us the black Captain, who are, 
all three (although each of them excuses himself by throwing the 
blame on the others) the thieves of the Company's cattle and 
aooomplioes in the murder of the Dutch boy. Hence revenge and 
their punishment may well be kept in mind, so as to be taken and 



246 

inflict chI ill a manner most berviiDoable and profitable to the *^^* 
('oinuany. Tliin ouurse would in our opinion be fair and ri^t 2SUilCar«b. 
enough, M thieve» and murderers ouffht to be punished. We 
therefore need only await a fayourabie opportunity, namely — 
when it can lie done for the best of the Company and her greatest 
advantage ; for in our opinion Tour Honours' case in this matter 
is just. 

In what a sinister maimer Uerry and all the other before- 
mentioned rogues endeavour to act towards the Company, you 
may be pleaded to reail in our daily notes, wliioh give all details, 
as well as our opinion for your consideration. It were therefore to 
h* wished that we tiad these rogues on one side, for we would then 
he able to trade with the other natives from the far interior, whose 
ware» would be fairly cheap, and i^-ith whom we could bargain as 
we liked and pleased. This we have often mentioned before and 
therefore to avoid repetitions, we refer you to our previous com- 
munications. 

Not much «an be done with Uerry, as his only object is to make 
himself rich and a great Captain, as you may see fully described in 
our Journal; however, according to your orders we shall act 
towards him and others with circumspection. 

Distributed among the vessels of the return fleet are 10,342 
seal skins, according to the annexed invoices. The fishing was 
not successful S(i early this year as the year before, as the seals had 
been very much frightened away from Saldanha Bay and Dassen 
Island by the crews of the Sahmander and Went Vfifnlatui^ as well 
as by the French and English. However, appearances lead us to 
believe that next year, with (iod's help, things will prosper better. 
Uut, against this scarcity of sealn you may at present place 
the conservation of the ships before-mentioned, in consequence of 
the refn^shments found there, for they were fidl of sick who had 
mostly nil become convalescent before we could render them any 
assistance from here. This richly makes up for the loss (of seals). 

In future we woidd like to know from you what kinds of seal 
skins are best liked in the Fatherland, viz., the large or small ones. 
And should the small ones realixe half or a quarter of the price of 
a large one, they would be better to collect, on account of their 
smal^r bulk and because during one season more could be pre- 
pared than large ones, whilst the small ones are caught with less 
danger than the big ones, which bite very much, and consequently 
often wound the men, causing s««rious wounds in their legs, itc. 
The Mmall one.s have also finer fur than the large ones, and should 
the prei>anMl mufl; skins not render 10 times as much b> the others, 
they might be ex<'use<l. a^ they require much time, as 10 other 
?»kinb <:hu h** prei^ared against one muff. We therefore request your 
further onlers on this subject, that we may regulate our actions to 
the greatest profit of the Company. 



246 



lOóC. 



In onler to carry the fteal fishers to aud fro aud towards the 
26th Man h. Islands, we have had built here a large sloop named by us the 
Robhejacht^ with a misusen mast and foresail, &c. This we did with 
little expense. She carrii»s 6 men, the chief of whom will be a 
third mate. This saves us a whole galiot, which we would have 
had to keep for the purpose, instead of being employed for many 
other purposes in the Company's service, vi«., the frei|uentation of 
Madagascar and the discovery of new places like this year in the 
case of Tristan d'Acunha. 

We have already mentioned the good success of the cattle trade 

As we now have ho mudi cattle we find that there is very little 
])asture or foo<l for tliem during tlie «Iry 8c»ason, so that they gn>w 
so lean tliat some lie» down for good in the veld through weakntiss. 
Jt would therefore be good if it could be so arranged that a Inrge 
number of sheep are placed on Robben Island, where they grow 
as fat as ]>ork. At present the Company still possesses 400, and 
should their numbers increase, they would serve as excellent 
refreshments f'>r the passing ships, and give greater satisfaction to 
the skippers, who can receive but very little satisfaction with the 
lean kine, which sometimes also fail them. But this cannot be 
mended as we can barter nothing else than what the natives bring 
us. We would also like to rear the young calves in the manner 
of the Fatherland by accustoming them not to drink from the 
udder. This tlie old cows cannot be accustomed to, and are there- 
fore sent on board the ships. The young bulls, when castrateil, 
gnjw into heavy bullocks, and when in time they become abimdant 
they may be salted down in winter when they are at their bc»st and 
\iiTy fat ; a successful trial having already been made. 

In our letters of former years we advised you that the vessels 
hen» were not subject to the worm. This is true, and is still daily 
txpcrieaced in the sloops which have been lying 3 or 4 years on 
the waters here ; on the other hand, we have foimd the worm in 
the galiots before their arrival here, very likely obtained whilst 
passing the Brazilian coast. Therefore they should no longer be 
sent hither without a double hide, as the .^acA/^/d/r was found to be 
fiül of worm holes before her arrival here, anil was therefore 
beached at Saldanha Bay in order, if possible, to bream her, 
which was also effecte<l, as will be seen from oiu' Ilesolution 
dated and specially adopted by us for the purpos<\ 

We are at present busy making a permanent jetty of stone, 
about 70 or 80 roods into tiie sea. This entails much labour, but 
is n«»VfTtheie6s urgently nei'e^sary, that the men need no longer, in 
ord«r to lead the water into the boats, stand up to their necks in 
the >ea, which causes si< kness also, all which will be prevented by 
thill j^tty. 



247 

A fairly g<>od hospital has already been ereoted, and that the ^^^• 
sick may have every oomfort, we have appointed over it 3 direotors jjjtj, M«njW. 
to take proper oare of as well ns to maintain proper order in, it, 
4o., 118 you will see from oiir Resolution of the 29th January 
speoially adoptcnl to that end, and to which we refer you, awaiting 
your orders regarding what you may further be pleased to have 
done here in the service of the Com[)auy. 

Ill February last a French ship, mimed the 67. Grotge, arrived 
in Saldanim Bay. She hud left Nantes 2 years agf> on behalf of 
tho < rov^nior La Miljerey. She had sailed riVi Madagascar to the 
Ited S*^a for plunder (om te roven), with a bark like a galiot with 
thret» niiists, whieh hail been brought to Madagascar in pieoes, and 
wiis put t(.g«'ther then* at their Fort Tolenhaer. It was, however, 
taikeu from thi-m by the English in the IUhI Sea, and as they had 
eoufM-quently been frustrati'd in their objeft, they had ppooeedcMl 
to the Island Suoootora, wht^re they had obtained some aloes, 
musk, and civet. Thenoi* they had returned ria Masoarenhas (<»n 
wbirii men were stationed for planting tobacco, of whioh they took 
iu 200 rolls» to St. Maria, and thence to their Fort Tolenhaer, 
sitiu&ted 4 (Dutob) mUes from the Bay St. Lucia in Madagaaoar. 
There they had taken on board 7 or 800 oowhides, a quantity of 
wax and gum, ëu\ As regards further particulars and the poor 
garrison of the French there, we refer you to our journal of the 
21st February, 1656, so that you may be able to consider what 
benefit the Company may still in course of time derive from that 
large island. 

On board of the French ship was also somo mineral found on 
tho big island. What it was will no doubt be discovered at 
Nantes ; and shotüd it be worth anything, there would be a chance 
for the Company to secure a share of it, because the Netherlauders 
who traffic tnere would have a better run of customers than the 
French, as vrill be more fully seen in our journal. 

The annexed memorandum will briefly show you what ships 
have been here since the departure of I)e Prim te Paard, which 
brought us the general despatch of the Seventeen and of some of 
the Chambers dated last year, and which have, in our opinion, 
been properly replied to, whilst the orders they contain will be 
promptly carried out. 

With our humblest lespeots and greeting we commend you to 
the grace of the Almighty and ourselves to your kind favour. 

(Signed) Joiiw \ am Ruchkktk. 

In the Fort the Good Hope, the 25th March, 1656. 



248 

^ ^' Petition for the Cape :— 

25th March. Some scrubbiug brushes, brushes, brooms, and turks' heads ; 

also whitewash brushes, in order to keep the Company's 
storerooms and dwelling-houses olean. 

Medicines like last year, bemg very highly necessary for the 
sick left here. 

200 shod shovels, 100 do. spades, 3 or 400 flints, 2 or 300 lU. 
coarse and fine goose shot ; cloth, serge, say buttons, silk 
ribbons, &c., like last year. 

600 pairs dry leather and 50 do. Spanish leather shoes. 

100 overcoats. 

3,000 guilders in specie. 

Brabant clover to sow for the horses. 

Paper, &c., like last year. 

10 or 12 hair sieves. 

100 thick plates of copper or vase copper, according to the 
annexed sample, of which the natives are very fond. 

6 rings thick copper wire, 50 do. thin wire, according to the 
annexed sample, with which to barter sheep, the natives 
not wishing to have the Indian '* Loyang*' or copper wire. 

1 or 200 Northern deals with every ship for one or two years 
still, as for the men's sakes sawme is very expensive 
hore, besides it beine too difficult to do so in consequence 
of the distance and heights of the mountains. 

200 ixK>ks' axes ; crucibles in which to melt the cvpper chipb 
falling from the plates and other copper. 

Some red copper plates with which to patch kettles. 

100 Ibn. half wax, half tallow candles, as no wax has been 
received from Batavia. 

1 handy horse mill with it» atones, &c., as to all appearance 
we shall be so far advam'ed next year in wheii cultiva- 
tion that it will be required. 

Necessaries for a barley mill : — 

1 ])air of barley stones, or stones with which to grind barley. 

1 pair mill stones. 

2 fine "j 

1 medium > sieve, through which to sift wheat meal. 

1 coarse J 

1 wheel with two lantern wheels, and their axles attached. 

1 dozen chisels for sharpening the stones. 

2 bushes (Kreutsen) to De sunk into the stones. 

2 axles on which the stones are to run. 

1 hair sieve with four full sievm ; all to be round. Two of 
them must bi^ fine, one medium, and one coarse. 

3 sockets in «>uü of which the beam of the mill turns, the 

axles of the atones running in the two othei'S. 
1 barlev ch(t»t with fivi* sievch. each in its own frame. 



249 

Liflt of the per80u8 who ha?e died in 1655, in the Fort the Good '^'^ 
Hope, at Gabo de BoA Ësperance, of the Chamber Amfterdain : — 20th Unnh 
Andries Fr*u« of Weeel soldier | ^^^ ^^„ ^ ^^^ 

Lourens Pietoiw of MaeBtokut, Sa/amantUr in 1653. 

arouebusier, ; 

Jan de Vos of Bruasels, Adelborst, arquebusier, arrived in the 

Vogel PkenU, 1653. 
Adam Dyns of Haarlem, aniuebuaier, arrived in yaoht Gideon 

in 1654. 
Malys Ijourenaz of Hamburgh, yoimg \ 

boatswain, f arrived in Hef Hof 

Carel Pietersz of Hpylighsont, young ( tmn Zeelant in 

boatswain, ; 1654. 

Of the Chamber Zealand :— 
Jacob van Santen of Middelburg, boy, arrived in the Jf. 
Louyne in 1655. 

Of the Chamber Rotterdam : — 

Bastiaaii Leendertaz of Pernis, boatswain, arrived in the 
Rotterdam in 1656. 

Of the Chamber Enckhuysen : — 

Ja(x)b Jansx of Amsterdam, arquebusier*! • j • 7 /> 

u T> « \ir ' ^ urnvod m de Ge* 

8ymon Broers of Warga, „ ^ f* uü L^ 

Romraert llommortsx of Harlingen, [ ^^^^ i^e. ^^^ 

boatswain, J '"^ ^^'^'' 

List of paper» tmusiuitted to the Lords Seventeen with the 
\tn larva : — 

No. 18. Two joumah* of the Skipper and Master of the galiot 
jfachtgloH^ regarding their voyage to Tristan D'Acunha 
aad their experiences. 
No. 19. Little chart of the Fort at the Capo of Oood Hope 

and Tristan D'Acunha. 
No. 24. Muster roll of the men at the Cape, including the 
seal catchers, sick and others. 

List of documents transmitted to the Lords Seventeen with the 
ProvintU : — 

No. 12. Charts of Tristan D'Acunha, the Cape, and its 
islands. 

List of documents transmitted to the Delft Chamber with the 
Phenix, 

List of documents transmitted to the Rotterdam Chamber with 
the Phenix. 

List of documents transmitted to the Hoom Chamber with the 
OtrrouHde Ltcnv. 

List of documeuti^ traumuilted to the Enckhuysen Chamber with 
the Gecrooitdt Leeutc, 



250 



Memoniüduai or inBtructions for the oflSocrs of the yacht 
Narhfglaa : — 



16.M). 



As these four French ships are lying here, and it may 
27tbMHivh. happen that b<^fore their departure, some of the Company's 
ships may arrive on the roadstead, and not expecting them, 
may approach in an unprepared state, and thus be unexpectedly 
surprised, it has been deaided for these and other pregnant reasons 
to let you leave in company with this return fleet, in order to 
cruise outside, iu sight of land or further away, as the weather may 
)>emiit, for the four return ships, still expected, and notify the fact 
to them, so that they may be on their guard and ready for action 
when entering the bay ; or should so muoh time have passed that 
they arc of opinion tliat they will be unable to come up with the 
other six ships at 8t. Helena, you shall take over from them the 

floods shipped in them for the Cape, in order to be conveyed 
lither in the galiot. But should you find one or more of them 
before the Gth or 8th April, you shall do your best to be in Table 
Bay before them, in order to receive further orders. 

And should you fall in with any outward bound vessels from 
home, you shall give them the same warning, and in order to 
suffer no aunoyauce from the French you shall proceed with them 
to Dassen Island, in order to bring us tidings from there, and hoar 
from us in retiun how matters are situated here." 

In the Fort, the Good Hope, the 27th March, 1656. 

(Signed) J. v. Uibrkk<^. 



'Yo Batavia. 

7th April. Safe arrival of the return fleet on the I5th March, under oom- 
mand of the lion. Bogaerts. Excellent refreshments afforded 
them. Their departure on the 28th following for St. Helena. 
All this you know from preyious letters. Also the arrival 
of four French ships, and their intentions which may be 
gathered from the annexed letters of the senenJ Company 
to us, as well as from oiu* despatch tj the same, dated 26th March, 
from whioh you may gather the condition of this plaoe, to which 
we refer you for brevity's sake. 

This will be brought to you by the Hecior^ the last ship of the 
autumn squadron. 

The annexed list will tell you what ships were here this year. 

Annexed is our {letitious for next year, to which we have added 
rice, as their Honours at home have not finally decided to continue 
the Madagasi«r trade, and the Tuip has not y^ returned thence 



261 

SO that wo are left iu igiiorauoe regardiug further usperienoesv &c., *^^- 
all which compel ub to liave a care for our moet necesöary 7^1, April, 
provinious, iu order not again, as previous to this, to come to 
want. 

The galiot Appt*/f^oom has not yet arrivtMl, so tluit we fear that 
Home mishap has befallen her. Aoconlin^ to resolutiou.s adopted 
hy the Broad Council uuder the Hon. Bogaorta, the Nachtglas 
has b*»en sent t<» St. Helena to fetch thence the goods, whicli, accord- 
j>»g t^ your later advices, have been shipped in the late vetisels which 
h;ivo not called hen\ so that we believe that they have passed. On 
her n»turn we intend to st»nd her on to Batavia, and ïU'(»onling to 
your orders also the assistant Van Heyningen, who is still away 
in the ThIj^ on the Madaffasoar expedition. 

The homeward bound h'ft here only one servant girl beloi^ng to 
the Hon. Bogacrt named Catrina. She will be sent to Batavia 
with tho tirst married family proceeding thither, so that the Hon. 
8<^nf rius may look out for her. 

It would be a desirable matter if »ome free industrious Chinese 
or Mardyekers oould be induced to oome hither with their slaves, 
in order to earn a living, especially by rice planting. In course of 
time 8uoh persons would be able to profit considerably from it, 
provided that at first they be allowed such premiums (preminenten) 
us art* customary in India, or may be arranged by you in order to 
encourage those people and give them a chance to prosper, Ac. 
By advice of Indian gentlemen who have passed here, we have 
de4i<led to liraw your attention to tliis matter, that you may con- 
sider it, and decide as may be deemed best in the interests of the 
('om|>any, as rice planting is a most necessary industry, and 
abundant suitable places ure found here for the purpose. 

This vessel t4ikes with her an Englishman who has been hiding 
in the country, out of the four French vessels mentioned. He has 
now discoverecl himself and begged to be permitted to proceed to 
Batavia and thence to Bantam to his own people. We have 
granted him a passage to Batavia and leave the rest to 
you He will be able to tell you all the designs of the French, 
which are enpeiially direete<l against the Englisn ships wherever 
they may meet them. But should they fall in with a Company's 
nhip ana think themselves able to overmaster it, they would not 
hesitate to do so with their letters of reprisals received from the 
King of Portugal, which according to the advices from our Masters, 
they have with them. We are therefore not without anxiety, and 
hope that they will find no opportunity for such a purpose. 

For the projected jetty we an* at present removing a large num- 
ber of big Wms from the foiest, in onler to have them at hand, and 
convert them into joint*, ribb, heavy frames, &c., so as to be filled 
with stone and sunk, a* no |»iU*s can be sunk into the ground, whith 
i^ i«H ky bt lualii tlio sand. Great labour i* required for this no 



262 

i«5«. doubt, but when ouce oompleted» it will be a good thing, for which 
7tli Ajtnl. ^® would gladly have liked some assistance from the return fleet, 
but it seems that very little oan be effected with the homeward 
bound crews, so that we shall have to complete it ourselves. 

This vessel will also bring you about 30 persons left sick 
here by previous vessels, and now recovered. About as many are 
still in Hospital, who, we trust, will be able to follow with the next 
ships ; and as we remain burdened continually with sick, besides 
our garrison. We pray you above all still to provide us with rice. 

(Signed) J. v. Ribbbeck. 

r.8. — On the invoice of goods received with the Hector there is 
the following deficit: — 1 case No. 9a containing 250 flaying 
knive«i, 2,000 hooks, 60 lines and 1 packet half round files ; and 
another marked No. 5 containing 36 dossen flaying knives, which 
have no doubt been shipped by mistake in one of the earlier 
vessels and carried to Batavia. We therefore request that they 
may be looked for, and when found, sent to us by first opportunity, 
as we are very much in want of them in the seal fishery, they 
having been sent us for that express purpose ; the files being in- 
tended to sharpen the saws in the forest. 

Requisition for the Capo : — 

25 lasts of rice. 

25 league» arrack. 

20 or 30 picols black sugar \ in casks or cases, as otherwise 

4 ., white „ I about | melt away and are lost. 
12 „ wax. 

2 „ j>epi)er . necessary for the «iek, whose IkhA 

12 lbs. mace f is pre{iared se]iarate daily, and 

20 lbs. cinnamon and I for which a ^preat deal (of these 

some nutmegs ; condiments) is required. 

As changes and clothing for the men — 

6 packs ffuinea linen. 

2 „ Surat or Qoloonda counterpanes. 

2 „ Baftas. 
100 pieces of variously coloured ginghams. 

2 packs taffiiohelas. 

2 ,, sail clothing. 

2 „ common and fine mouris. 

2 „ black chinU. 
150 bundles cane (very necessary). 

6 or 8 horses, if at idl practicable, as much work is done by 
and much service uotained from them. 

list of doooments per the yacht ffeeiar. 



253 



To the Seventeen per the galiot Nachigtm^ tia St. Helena. 

Our last was dated the 25th March and dispatohed with the 
rttuni fleet which left «3 days later. We trust the vessels have 
arrived safely, and aim) what was sent in them, viz. : in oliorge of 
the Hon. Pelgrim on board the Malncm^ 2 civet cats and 2 
o^trich»^ for the Amsterdam Chamber, and for the Chamber 
/«'aland in the care of the Hon. Bogaert, one ostrich. Distributed 
.tmong the undermentioned vesseli* were 10,342 seal skins, large, 
small and well spread ; also some muff skins, viis. : — 

In the WaicU large loose skins . . . • 2,090 

„ „ OecroomU Leeuir „ . . . . 1,595 

Besides 3 casks with small skins . . . . 1 ,500 

1 ciisk with muff skins . . 157 
In the Phenijr 60 bundles each containing 100 

small skins . . . . . « . . 5,000 



Total .. 10,342 

Invoic(*s an" annexed. Not without much trouble did we get 
them into the fleet, as every one felt disinclined to take them on 
hoanl. Accordingly a small flut(^ or yacht, as suggested by you 
in your letter of tne 30th October, IfiO/i, for conveying them over 
:is well as the train oil, should you di'em either worth the trouble, 
would not lie unwelcome. Such a vessel might at the same time 
\ye employe<l to provision Mauritius and Ma<lagasear, and navigate, 
.w you propoMHl, the C<»ast of Angola, which could be done V€*ry 
conveniently from this ; thei'e evidently many good slaves might 
ho (obtained, better than those of Madagas<.*ar ; also rice which 
^iws there abundantly and is necessary for provisioning this 
plait' and Mauritius, so long as the freemen and their slaves have 
not advanced so far that by their produce wu are enabled to feed 
ourselves and S4^> excuse the annual equipage from Batavia, which 
in order to provision Mauritius will otherwise have to be con- 
tinues! as yet. Instead of the Tulp we shall also i*equire a larger 
yacht, that one may always 1)e kept here for sailing to and fro 
and cutehing whales. For this more sloops will also be required, 
and wainscoting if that fishery is to be titken in hand, as some- 
times a sloop is lost in stormy weather. An additional venel 
should also be provided for aimually conveying the skins, &o., to 
Kuro|)e, to which might be adde<l the ebony from Mauritius, so as 
to cause the least ineonveniein'e to the return fleet, which might 
then, accr>rding t > your intentions, easily bring us the clothmg 
required from Batavia, as the Govern or-General and Councillors 
uf India have begun to do this year. 

The catching of seals luis been more successful than was 
ex|>eeted, so that we trust that the portion which we caimot 



IS5S. 

Sth April 



264 

1666. despatch now, we shall be able to aend on a future occasion with 
sth April, ^^^y more, if the market for it be only favourable. 

Ha\'ing re-perused your letter after the departure of the return 
Heot we find tnat the following replies are still required : — 

Should the whalo fishery be taken in hand, it will entail a heavy 
expenditure, espeeially as regards men, whilst a large portion of 
the train oil, which has to orous the line will be lost by leakage, 
and spoil everything stowed below it. 

At least 3 sloops will be required, eaoh carrying six men or 18 
together — 2 disembowellers, 4 blubber cutters and carriers, 4 
blubber choppers, 10 or 12 men for boiling, oaaking, rolling away, 
&o — total 40 men, who are to be confined to that work solely, and 
will have to be paid on an average annually including the extra 
wages for harpooners, steersmen, b'ne men, disembowellers, &c., 
f5,000, and for their food half as much, or a total of f7,500. 
And supposing a quarter of a hogshead realised fdO, and that the 
flute brought over intact, in spite of the leakage, besides her 
provisions and skins, 250 quarter hogsheads, which would be much, 
only f7,500 would be realised, so that we cannot understand how 
it is calculated that so much profit is derivable from the oil that 
it will l)e worth while to obtain it with any profit and the express 
equipment of more than one vessel. Hence to keep so many men 
for so little, appears to us too expensive and inexpedient. Were 
this not the ease sufficient oil would be obtainable with the 40 men, 
if, as stated, it could be conveyed with profit in more than one 
vessel, for in that case there would be do aoubt about the quantity. 
Otherwise we can only see expenses but no profit, and the neglect 
of important matters. Hence, under correction, we deem it best, 
that for the present (as India does not reauire the oil, which might 
otherwise be sent thither in the outward bound without an express 
equipment), we shoidd confine ourselves to seal fishing, and the 
oollection of so many skins as may annually serve as return cargo 
instead of oil ; besides there will be the ivory to be traded for at 
Angola, which is not liable to leakage and gives off no stench or 
ïiimilar nuisances. Thus, in our opinion, the costs will be covered, 
besides being accommodated from those porta (Angola, &c.) with 
slaves, who are as necessary here as anything in the world for the 
convenience of the freemen, and bringing more lands under 
cultivation without expense to the Company, and especially also 
for the seal fishery, instead of employing wage earners for the 
purpose. 

We would, however, moke a trial with whale fishing, but as we 
have no larger vessel than a galiot, it will be very difficult to eatoh 
tlie fisli, and all kinds of expenses have to bi^ inourn d for the 
preparatory steps, not only for a trial, but to keep it going. 
A«f<mliugly, for the reasons given, we shall leave it in abeyance 
until your further onlers, and collect as much oil from tlie seals at 



256 

may bo neoesnary for our ♦•stablishraent h«re. This oan be- done i'»^^ 

without any apprBoiable expense, and siraoltaneonsly with seal AthAprU. 

tbihing. At the same time we shall be able to keep ourseWes 

hiLsy with agriculture and the erection of a large jetty, which is a 

big work, and will take a long time. But it is urgently neoeesary 

as we liave mentioned in our previous letter. However, should 

you not withstanding decide on the whale fishery, we shall, as 

Kouii its we luive re^-eived the Uute or yacht anked for, be quickly 

able in this w^ason of the year, to obtain a good quantity of oil, as 

there are enough whales, and moat likely very easily captured, 

oH|»eoially in SaTdanha Bay which is exceedingly full of them. 

From the officers of the previous squadron you will no doubt 
have heard of the arrival of the 4 French ships and that 3 others 
were to follow, in accordance with your advices contained in your 
general despatch, from which we also observed that you had well 
understood their designs ; and as far as we could understand them, 
it was their intention to occupy Madagascar in three places, viz. : 
on tiieir old Fort, Tolanhaer at St. Lucia, the Bay Antongil an^l 
another place (ende oook daer mede)« but we do not see that it 
will benefit them much, an they are provided with wholly 
unwilling, lazy, poor ami very many sick men, so that, according 
to their own statement, they will, through want of sails, dismantle 
one or more of their vessels at Madagascar, and go cruising with 
the rest, esjieoially against the Englisii, which seems to be their 
• liief obj«Ht, as far as they hinted. 

From our Joiunals of the 2*Jtli-»nst March, 1656, you will find 
that during their stay here, they oonduete<l themselves fairly well, 
and alsi> how we treat e<l them. 

As already mentiomnl in previous letters, the plants arrived 
hei-e in fair condition. They nave been planted and seem to be 
thriving well. We wish yon to send us some more of all kin(b« 
of grafted apple, jiear, quince, and also midberry trees, from which 
to cultivate 8ilk, and als<» some chestnut trees, rather than seed; as 
they will no doubt thrive w»*ll h«'re, as have been found in the 
case of • 5 or 4 s«^nt out by private parties. 

The llei'toi' arriv»**! her»* on the 'Ust March, so that, as far as we 
know, all th«* autumn ships have )>assed safely. 

There was some reason for the complaints of some, regarding 
the daily work here, but now matters have improved, as labour is no 
longer so heavy, excepting in the case of the gardeners, seal 
c'atchert, and sawyers in the forest, who have the hanlest lot, and 
whose work migiit be done by slaves, if we only hail them. 
Thes«« wage eamtTn might be excused and sufficient slaves 
obtaine<l f mm Angola. They are a fine m}rt, and Batavia might 
at the sam** time be tic^-ommoilat^, as according to the letter of 
the Hon. Governor (Jeneral and Councillors of India, the Company 
tliere is always sol>erly pn)vided with slaves, s^) that they have 
^lecn unable to comply with our requisition in this rosjKHJt. 



256 

if^f>. Besides what we have mentioned in our requisition already 

8th April, despatched, we find that we still require : — 

100 flat iron staves principally for gun oaniafi;es and wheel tires. 

i case with all kinds of paintis and linseed oil. 

1 ,000 lbs. tobacco as before, as much rots, and is used bj the 
Uottentoo8 (independent of the trade), and pven them for fetching 
fuel and for other services. 

10 or 12 ossf^ which may t*n pasHnnt be obtained on the islands, 
if the skippers receive written orders for that express purpose, 
otherwise they will never bring any on account of the inconven- 
ience caused by those animals. 

Also as many horses, as, notwithstanding our reiterated pressing 
requests we cannot obtain any from Batavia, without which further 
cultivation cannot be advanced, hence if thi» year 1, 2, or 3 were 
sent hither from Patria in every vessel and yacht, it would be a 
mn8t desirable matter for bringing the land under proper cultiva- 
tion with freemen, or by the Company with slaves, snonld we have 
any, as the oxen of this country are too wild for the purpose, as 
proved by attempts successively made, whilst to have audi woik 
done by human beings we consider too heavy and not very practic- 
able. 

When the galiot Tuip returns from Madagascar and the Nacht- 
glan from St. Helena, both will have to undergo repairs, and 
necessarily be sent on to Batavia. We shall therefore be left 
without a vessel and therefore pray that the flute or yacht, which 
we asked for, may be sent out in good time in their stead, in order 
to be employed in the manner already mentioned. 

(Signed) Jouan van Ribbseck. 

List of papers sent to St. Helena per the Nachlglas for the 
Directors and addressed to the i'tae of the Hon. Oaspar van den 
Bogaerde, Admiral of the Fleet : — 

List of papers sent by the sam» yacht to St. Helena for the 
Zealand Chamber. 



To the Hon. Oasper van den Boogaerde, Counoillor Extraordinary 
of India and Commander of the Bcrtom Fleet, aodiored at St. 
Helena, per the yacht Nachtgia*. 

As the other ships, beloning to your fleet, have not yet arrived 
here, we decided by resolution on the 24th last to send this galiot 
to you in order to take over the provisions and necessaries which 
liave been shipped at Batavia for the Ci^ in the vessels men- 
tioned, which nave passed us. We also pray you to send us the 



257 

three other boat sails with their jil>8 in order to be used here for ^<^^- 
the seal catchers, and in the forest, where they are much required, g^|^ Avni. 
as we have only received those of three vessels and without any jibe, 
which we also now ask for, as they can be of no service to them. 
Also out of each ship's provisions some mace, cinnamon, cloves, 
and one or two bags of pep]>er, as muoh is usetl up for the sick 
left here ; also some paddy for sowing:, which has been forgotten. 

And whereas on the arrival of the Hector on the 31st last, we 
wen' informed that the seal skins realized much money at home, 
we would respectfully remind and ret^uf^t you to be pleased to have 
an examination made on board the fFa/rw, Ph^tijr^ and Getroonde 
Leeiitc, to see whether, according to orders of our Ijords Masters 
they are kept properly dry, kept properly conditioned, stowed 
away and looked alter. 

Also to have a thorough search made for the stowaways, viz. : — 
Jan Pietersz, Soenwater, boatman. 
Jan Teunisz, of Ghiinea, a black sailor. 
Geurt van Outdoor, soldier, &c. 
Jacob Toevoy, a mason. 

Not for their beautiful faces, which are of little consequence, 
but becaiise of the results, especially as regards Jacob Toevoy, a 
mtt«on, and Egbert Meyndertsz, who repaired your Honour's oven, 
nnd has before his time been graciously permitted to return home. 
For this ungrateful fault, he should with your permission be sent 
back. Toevoy has been stowe<l away by him on your ship, and 
therefore, wi*h an eye on the consequences, it would please us, and 
be of service to the Company, that at least the 4 persons men- 
tioned be placed in irons and thus sent back to us. 

The skipper of the galiot has bedn ordere<l to bring with him 
s^>me apple and orange trees. For that purpose he is aocompauied 
by one of our gardeners who has a knowleage of these matters ; 
also to catch the horses that are there and bring them hither. 
Our prayer to you is that you may admonish him to attend to 
these matters, and that with his memory refreshed he may employ 
mon^ zeal, as the horses are of the utmoat consequence to us for 
the Com|)any*8 service, and the trees are not less necessary for 
rearing, tor tne greater refreshment of the Company's ships. 

(Signed) Johax vax Rirhkkck. 



Instructions for the officers of the galiot NarhtglnH during her 
voyage to St. Helena. 

In accordance with the resolution of the Broad Council of the 
itetum Fleet adopted in our presence, and dated the 24th March 
last, the time ftxed having expired without the appearance of the 



258 

1Ö56. 4 return fthips expected horc ; you shall, with the flrftt favourable 

8tb Abrü. ^^d' which Ood grant ! weigh anchor and proceed to sea, in order 

to reach St. Helena as soon as po&sible ; and in ordor not to misA 

if, run up to the latitude 30 or 40 (Dutch) miles to the east of 

it, in order thus to make for it with a certain course. 

Having arrived there safely, you shall at once deliver the 
aooompanjring packet of letters addressed to the Hon. Qasper van 
den Boogaerde, Councillor of India and Commander of the lieturn 
Fleet, or in his absence to whomsoever may l>e found there on 
behalf of th#^ ( Company. 

And as this voyage is expressly undertaken to fetch thence the 
goods shipped at Batavia in the aforesaid 4 vessels for this plaoe, 
you shall, should the 4 vessels have not yet arrived there, and the 
other six vessels already left before their arrival, wait for the 
former at least until the first or tenth of June, and in the mean- 
while do your best to catoh the horses, in order to bring them 
hither, as this is of great (K)nsequenc<' to the Company here. You 
shall also bring in tubs filled with earth, as many apple and orang«> 
trees as you may be able to collect during the 3 or 4 last days of 
your stay there ; also some young pigs. Wf» wish you a pros- 
perous voyage to and fro. 

('Signed) Joii\N van Rirrbe4 k. 



Ampliation of the preceding instructions to the officers of the 
Nacht git in : — 

14th April. Though you did put to sea for St. Helena, and met the 4 
retiuD shi}»s at sea, and retiumed with them to this plaoe, so 
that we have beon a<xx)mmodated with the goodn which were 
shipped in them for us, for which puriKMe you had been expreaal} 
despatched, it has nevertheless been decided by the Hon. Saroerius, 
Commander of this squadron, and his principal councillors as well 
as the Commander of this pUu^e, to send you as soon as possibh' 
with the said galiot to the aforneaid island, in order to inform the 
Hon. Bogaert of the arrival of the 4 ships, &<•. You shall there- 
fore leave with the first favoiumble breeie and make as much haste 
as you can, in order to arrive there as soon as possible and deliver 
all the papers entrusted to you to His Honour. And as you will 
not be encumbered with any goods on your return voyage, you 
shall make still greater efforts to capture the horses and brin^^ 
them hither, even if some time be spent for that piupose, as they 
are so much needed for the work here, needed as brai|d for the 
mouth ; also the apple and lemon trees, pigs, &c. 



269 

And in oasê you <lo not • v.rtake the fleet of the Hon. Boeaert, *^- 
you shall remain there until the arrival of these vesëelB in order to x^^ j^^^ 
oarry out the initmotioni which (Jommandar Sfkrceriiu thali |{ive 
you. 

(Signed) Johan ;^an RisasBOK. 



To Batavia. 

Since our last of thf» 7th instant, the Oramjie^ Etiphnnt^ Snek» 2liit April. 
htiytten and N, RotieHam arrived safely on the Uth following in 
ooinmand of the Hon. Saroerius. They brought us your letter of 
the I St February and the supplement to our requisition aooording 
to invoice. We had, however, hoped to receive more rioe ana 
arrack (our greatest want). The five ships of last year's equipment, 
which you mention in your last as not yet having arrived, will no 
doubt have done so shortly afterwards ; all left diis with healthy 
crews, viz., the Arnhem^ Snlaniander^ Hcmingeny Amersfoort and 
fFe^fvricM/aHf. 

How all the return as well as the outward bound ships have 
l)een abundantly supplied with all kinds of refreshments, the im- 
partial rt^portH whioh have reaohed you will clearly show. Acconl- 
iug to every appearanoe these refreshments will, with God in the 
van, iucn»a*e day after day for the special conservation of the 
health of the crews. This vessel will take with her some of the 
i-onvalesoent^. The rest of the sick will, we trust, be soon on their 
legs, in order to follow with the next ships. 

Tlie f<*inale slave of the Bon. Bogaert has been manumitted by 
him, and with vTonsent of the Hon. Saroerius, has at her own 
reouent remained here. 

rhis vessel also takes oonsigned to you a slave n imed Abraham, 
placed in our hands in 1653 by skipper Jan Knecht and the junior 
merchant Alexander van Herten. He had been found on the 
Malacca as a stowawav from Batavia. According to Knecht and 
van Herten he is the slave of Cornelius Lichthart, arrack distiller 
in Batavia. We had often written to him offeriuff to buy the 
man for a reasonable sum, &c., but only lately received a reply, so 
that we intended to come to an agreement with him ; but as at 
the same time we also received a letter from Bieur Adriaan van 
der Burgh that it was his slave, we do not know who is the real 
owner, and have therefon» despatched the msn to you, as being 
also A fugitive and accordingly (as we think) fallen into the hands 
of justice. He has been always employed in the Company's 
service, because all the time we received no reply from Lichthart 
except now. Copies of his and V. d. Burg's letters are annexed. 
And as in consequence of ill health the man was unable to earn 
half his food, Sieur v. d. Burgh, if the real owner, should instead 



260 

1656. of hiB big pretensions, in our opinion be made to pay half of the 
21st April *^^ money. But we lea Ye this to your wiser judgment. Annexed 
is also a declaration by the slave himself ffom which ft seems that 
he ran awayjrom Liohthart's house. What the facts are you will 
be able to discover yourselves on tlie spot, as one of the two pro- 
tended owners must have falsely claimed the man. 

How the Eliphant drifted in the roadstead between the 17th an<l 
18th instant, ran aground and was safely refloated, the officers of 
the Tertholeti will be able to tell you. For brevity's sake we refer 
you to them. 

(Signed) Johah van Ribbbsck. 

List of annexures to the preceding despatch. 



To the Seventeen. 

22nd April. We sent you with the previous ships 10,342 sealskins, and now 
we have shipped in these 4 vessels 2,760 more, or a total for this 
year of 13,102 skins. We trust that they will find a good market 
as a solace for your expenses here. 

In order to be able to collect more in future we left off liunting 
somewhat early, }>artly in order not to make the seals tr»o nhy, i<n<i 
partly because we have ulieerved that we wtnild n4>t lie able to (hid 
any room for more in this yt^r's return fiw't. Hence it would 
not be out of place if they were ship^ied separately in a nmall flute, 
which miffht (on her return) bring us Mlaves from Angola, who an* 
very much needed here, and may be obtained cheaply there, as we 
have been informed. 

And should yuu decide to have the skins conveyed to Europe in 
an express flute, it will be necessary at once to send us a second, 
in onler not to be left here without a vessel, and to enable one of 
them to return home annually. She might thus also navigate to 
Madagascar and Mauritius in order to provision the latter udand. 
She mi^ht also bring us the clothing for ourselves and Mauritius, 
which IS now distributed among the return ships, and thus an 
express vessel with our supplies from Batavia could be excuse*] 
and the return fleet relieved of the shipment of sealskins^ which, 
as you rightly state, cause a great stench, and cannot be c<in- 
veuiently stowed away in those vessels which are alwavs so hill ; 
antl can aciortlingly be only brought home in an mdiffen-nt 
condition. Nevertheless we have endeavoured to put on boanl 
the ships as many as poesible, and should the little flute or yacht 
arrive, there is a probability that we shall send more. 

As mentioned ere this, the Nachtglwi and Ttiip will, on thair 
return from St. Helena and Madagascar, be despatched to Batavia 
for repairs, so that another will be required in their stead, but no 



261 

galiot, afi the gaff sail is too small and unmanageable, refusing to ^^^' 
tack or turn, so that great danger U eaused in oonsequenoe on this 2aAd^pril. 
const, and a serrioeable square sail will be far better. 

(Signed) Johan van Bibkeeck. 
List of aunrxiuTf^s to the preceding despatch. 



To Amsterdam. 

Although we huve given full |Nirticular8 of the condition of this loth Juoe. 
plaw to the S<«vfiitt?eu, we cannot refniiii from mentioning to you, 
by this English vess<U, the GixhIicHI ^which arrived here on tho 3rd 
iustant (having left MasuHpatnam with saltpetre and coast oh)th 
on the 26th January lost), what happened here .since the departure 
of the return fleet. 

The cattle trade is in a faii'ly desirable condition, but H^rry, 
the Caapmen and their oonfren^s are somewhat troublesome in this 
respe<*t, though, at present, if we only wished it, nicely in our 
power, as they are residing near the Company's settlement in 3 or 
4 troops with more than 200 cattle, oxen and sht^p, without wish- 
ing to sell any, orofesaing to act as brokers between us and the 
other natives, who often arrive from the far interior ; and that 
they lire the cause of their coming hither and that without their 
assistance no one would come down. Experience, however, teaches 
us more and more differently, viz. : — 

That they are merely seeking their own profit, without parting 
with their own (cattle) and thus to become rich in herds, which 
they depasture everywhere around here beside our own, and though 
we often send won! to them to remain a distance off, they protest, 
for th^ n^asons adduoed by them, that they at least deserve to 
live under the protection of the Company and depasture their 
eattle, i^e S >metimes also they even boldly allege that the 
land belongs to them an<l not to the Company, and so forth. 
For the pr^si^ut it will be necessary, ai*oordin^ to your advice, to 
proeend prudently, but when the Company begins to be so abun- 
dantly pr«»vided with catth» (most highly required) it will be 
necessary to think of means wherewith all the pastures may be 
kept «nd preHerv«»d for the Company alone, and «'ut them off at 
least from Merry, the Caa[)men and their mates. The annexed 
small chart will show how fitly this could be dom^ with a redoubt 
2 (Dutch) miles from the Fort on the neck or isthmus of the plain 
betwo<*ii False and Table Bays, and in between 3 or 4 watoh- 
hoiiM?^. uQfliT tho protection of whi<*h agriculture may also be 
df»v*^loped. trials in which are bein^ made this s^^ason. the success 
of which will be cummuuiiatud to you in due uourbi*. Wc trust 



262 

1656. that the crops will not be so exposed there to the violent south- 
lOthTune. o^töï* ^ ^^^7 »r® ^ore, and therefore believe that they will do 
well. This we also wish, and therefore request you to send us in 
addition to our previous requisitions 3 or 4 large casks of good 
fresh rye seed, 3 or 4 do. oats, and 3 or 4 do. horse beans, wnich 
will from all appearances succeed welL But you will be pleased 
to send them as well as the plants ordered by us with no other 
than the winter ships, which leave home about Christmas and 
arrive here at the right sowing time, in March and April. The 
seed will thus be newly gathered in the Fatherland, and arrive 
here beautifully fresh in the most suitable season for being put 
into the earth. All that is sent at other times of the year we 
found to be wasted money and trouble. 

Wheat and barley, however, we hope to be sufficiently provided 
with from our own production, as the OToim are looking fine, so 
thit the little horse mul may well be sent us. 

The Martioique tobacco at 9 stivers per lb. received with the 
Doiphyn and Hector in eannisters and in such thick twists arrived 
in excellent condition. VVe found it to be of the right sort for 
these natives, who are so eager for it that sometimes we have 
already bartered sheep for some without the addition of copper. 
Apparently it will be the cause of our obtaining much cattle 
during the :^ea£»on when the natives come down, and we therefore 
requciiit you henceforth to send us the same and no other. 

Also some ground nuts in a case with sand or earth, and some 
dry in a bag, as well as some seed in order to succeed in one way 
or the other. 

8omp Tarragon plants ; all kinds of grafted cherries, chestnuts, 

Elums, peaches, quinces, medlars, and apple and pear trees in 
oxos, as we find from 3 or 4 M-nt by private persons that they 
thrive excellently here. All if posbible to be sent with the winter 
bhi)>8 for the reasom» stated. 

Vine^ also promise well; also the currants and gooseberries, but 
what will be the residt in the ease of the straw-and blaokbmies 
we are not yet able to tell. The Fatherland oak trees seem to 
succeed well, and the St. Helena apple and lemon trees excellently, 
as well as some Indian ones grown from seeds. At present there 
are already about 70 small trees growing beautifully, some of 
which are already 4 or 5 feet high. Every day we are expecting 
4 or 600 more with the Nachtghs^ m order to cultivate them here 
abundantly. 

What Huccess the Tulp will have at Madagascar we cannot as 
yet tell, as that galiot ojutmry to all expectation is still 8ta3ang 
away and commencing t<» c^u?^ us some anxiety. We hope for 
the \xnit, liowiver, and that taking it at \\s worst (having left tiieuce 
t<->i> late in th<' season; she has been forced by stormy weather to 
return to Madagascar and winter there. This we should know in 



263 

November or December next, otherwise she muat have suffered ^^^' 
disaster, whic^h may Gbd avert ! In the meanwhile we in oonse- ^oth June, 
quenoe remain dentitute of a vessel, ai the NactUgloH^ immediately 
after her return hither, will be despatched to Batavia for repairs. 
If the little Tulp had returned in time, we would have oonsidered 
the iidvisability of making an effort towards Angola, wbioh will 
now ha\ o to be deferred until we have obtained from you a suitable 
flute or yacht. Our opinion, oonfimied by the experienoe of various 
seamen « is that Angola can be very easily retiohed by a vessel from 
hen* ; and as w yiicht must be annually des])atched from Batavia 
expressly to provision Mauritius, this might be more easily and 
lens exi>ensively don«' by one and the same flute or yaoht from 
here, wliioh might touch at Madagascar on the way, so that the 
express vessel from Batavia could b** altogether vlispeiise<l with, as 
ere this fully pointed out. An eye might thus al«^ be kept on the 
French at Madagascar, so that the expenses of the voyage, besides 
the rice trade, could be «overed by conveying hither ox hides 
abuuihintly obtainable there. And l>e(iiuse Governor Lemeljery 
of Nantes attends to this business so earnestly and supports it so 
thoroughly, wo are induced to believe that there is more in it 
than one as yet knows; and as we have pointed out above, this 
might annually be spied out tn /MtfiH(t$if from this place, as well as 
what the Portuguese are doing on the N. side of the island, con- 
4*eming whom we have given detailed parti^^ulars in our former 
letters to which we refer you. Anhexed is a memorandum of the 
chief 8urgiH)n of this Fort, uame<l Cornelis Bosselaer, showing 
what medicines were missing in the new chest lately received, as 
well as a list of what is annually required for the sick (^ntinually 
arriving here. We beg that they may be sent to us as well as the 
necessary instruments to be permanent! v kept here; a fine compact 
shop or apothecary having been ettablished in good order and 
apart in one of the brick houses within the Fort. What rules 
have been drawn up for the hospital and the greater comfort of 
the sick you mil be pleased to gather from our ann<^xed resolutions. 
The *' Vigoeni " nats were verv much damaged in the case 
and found to be mouldy, evidently because the case had stood 
on too damp a place. This we mention to remind you in future 
to bear it in mind that the skippers are made to stow their cargo 
somewhat «trier. Nevertheless they are distributed on account at 
five reals each, and also sold for cosh. A(KX)r<ling to your orders, 
all other European wares are sold at a trifle more than cost price, 
thouffh in our opinion some articles, that are cheaply priced, might 
well be charged a little higher in order to find some profit out of 
them for the Company to compensate it for its expenditure incurre<l 
ho)^, but Ob yuu liav«' ordei'ud us in your letter of the I5th Al^ril. 
1H.)|, tu «sell the goods accfirdinj? to invoices received, we shall 
continu»^ Co «lo ^o until your further urdors. which we respectfully 
ask for our more certain information and guidance 



2é4 

1656. jj^ ii^Q Qi^^ qI (h^ Indian olothes we regulate ourselves aooording 

loth June. ^ ^^® Batavia custom, so that they already bring some profit in 

the Cape books, and if the European goods were charged here as 

high as in Batavia, the profits would oeoome much larger, for a 

solace as above ntated. 

Considering the great enciunbranoe caused to the return fleet 
annually by bringing us our provisions from Batavia, some being 
of great bulk, such at^ arruck, of which at least 25 leaguers are 
annually required as rations for the men, and which give greater 
satisfactiou than Spuuisli wine (notwithstanding the latter is more 
expensive), we decided, in order for the present to relieve your 
return ships of this encumbrance, to propose to you to send us 
from home 12 or 13 leaguers of brandy, instead of the 25 league» 
of' amick from India, and which would not oost much more than 
the arrack, as 2 leaguers of the latter oost as they are sent over to 
us Uds. 180, whilst one leaguer of brandy, we are certain, if 
obtainable in a somewhat reasonable market, would not cost muoli 
more, so that instead of 1 " mutsje " (wine glass) arrack or wine, 
half a '* mutsje " of brandy might fairly be given the lower ranks 
here as their rations in this cold climate, and received by them 
with contentment, as it is about 3 times as strong. Your opinion 
on this subject we shall be glad to know. 



(Signed) Jouan van Uikhekck. 



A Postscript to the above. 



June. As the Koglishman remained a day longer than wu expected, 
we decided to communioate to you a mutter which we forgot, vis., 
how in our previous letters we meutioned that some will very little 
mind tlie trifling penaltv of forfeiting the premium by passmg the 
Cape and not calling nere. We rememoer how skipper Üirok 
Kuibber i>f the Orange on his outward voyage passed the Cape, and 
nevertheless obtained the premium in Batavia. This he divulged 
here, and will no doubt do so at home also, so that many, as before, 
will each time fearlessly pass by, with the result that in consequence 
of the Cape not being called at, many of your men, to your ffreat 
dis-servic«, will be lost. In order to prevent this, year Uonours have 
at very considerable expense fortified this plaoe, and suocestfuUy 
ordered that agriculture, &c., which are developing excellently, 
should be promoted with all seal, and which we have not neglected 
but endeavoured as much as possible to attend to before every- 
tliiiig elï^' ; so that when the sliine do not call, all your expense 
and labour, especially ^oiu* own fatherly care for the uonservation 
ul the health of your Ktvauts travelling to and fro, and who are 
needed for the necessary service of the Company, wiU bein vain. 
N'>t that for any uther consideration we woidd like to have the 



265 

ship» here, as we would be able to proTide ouraelyet with rioe ^^*' 
sufficient for this garrison out of one ship annually arriving here 12th Tun*, 
from Uataria, and many arrivals only bring us great trouble, 
because cf the diversity of tempers of some of the officers whom it 
18 hard to please. However, wo do not permit this to worry us, 
H4> long a» we can render you tht* proper service, which is our 
principal object, in order to win your favourable disposition 
toward ourselvoH ; this is our private i-onsideration, and we have 
no other. 

(Signed) Jouan van Uikbkkck. 

Further requisition for the Capo : — 

ti or 4 large tuns rye | 

„ „ „ new oate J for mowing. 
„ „ „ horse beans ) 

Some ground nuts in a case, somewhat dry, as well as some 

Heed. 
Some Tarragon plants. 
All kinds of grafted tree^ as specified in our letter. 

1 dozen good Fatherland ewes and i;^ or 3 rams, to be distri- 
buted among ^ or 4 ships for breeding here, as we find that the two 
which we have here give a» much milk a8, and more than the cows; 
so that they may of^r us great facilities for making cheese, and 
be kept for that purpose alone, and for multiplying, as we can bo 
sufficiently provided with Cape sheep for the purposes of refresh- 
ment. The latter ^ve hardlv any milk, so that it is not worth while 
to start chuesemaking with them, according to trials often made. 

2 or 3 ''ingesprenghde*' fine sheets among those already asked 
for. 

And of the silk stockings — the half black. 

You will be pleased to supply us with no less shoes than 
asked for, as the men are very much in need of them, and they 
rapidly wear away. 

The garter and shoe ribbons, as well as the fine and false 
(imitation gold) buttons, may this time however be excused, as the 
lot received last will serve us for another year. 

6 lbs. sal ammoniac. 

List of auu<'xurus to preceding despatch. 

No. 'I SxuU chart of the Capo lande (Landeryen). . . ^.. 
No. 6. List of medicines required. 



266 



Memommlum for the oflBcers of the Robh^achtjey proceeding viti 
Dassen Island to Saldanha Bay. 

16*(.. Besides some proviBions we have placed on your board 85 lbs. 

GthTuh. <^PP**r ^re and 25 lbs. plate copper in 20 plates, as well as 2 rolls 
of tobacoo weighing 12| lbs., and half a gross of pipes, to bu 
delivered to the assistant, Jan Wouters, for traffic at Saldanha 
Bay. You shall therefore avail yourselves of the first favourable 
breeze, in order to reach him without delay at Dassen Island, 
where he is at present. And that you may not miss him you 
shall keep a continual lookout to discover whether he is not on the 
w.iy hither with the boat. And should you, uotwithstandinff, not 
fall ill Nvith him or not find him on Dassen Island, you shw not 
proceed further, but return hither. But should you find him you 
shall deliver tho goods and oiu: letter to him, and for the rest, 
follow hi» instructions. 

(Signed) Johan van Riebkkck. 

P.S. — When you return you are to take away all the fowls from 
Bobben Island, and bring thence no more sheep than must be 
sent hither, n& our sheds here are not yet large enough. 



To Batavia. 

loth July. ^^ir annexed reM)lution specially taken on the subject will 
inform you why we decided to despatch the galiot Nachiglan 
(which returned hither on thf» 5th instant from St. Helena) via 
Madaguscur and Mauritius to Batavia. The instructions to the 
officers will also do this, so that we h imply refer you to them for 
brevity's sake, in order not to hinder you in your weighty busineas. 
And whereai^ the sewing silk from Batavia is so expensive, vix., 
IMs. 10 i)er catty, thus heavily loading the accounts of the lower 
ranks ; and whereas we have been abundantly provided with the 
same article from home at half the price, we return the parcel 
unopened and just as we reoeived it, as you will find from the 
invoice annexed. 

Annexed is an ampliation of our requisition sent ere this. We 
respectfully request to be supplied with the articles (by next 
opportunity if possible^, and if practicable, to send us onlv once a 
horse in each return ship, as otherwise it will be impossible for us 
to render service in future to the Company in the matter of agri- 
cidturc and it^ development, which has been so continually and 
earnestly commended to us by the Masters ; for to plough with 
oxun and have the wagons dniwn by tlic same (to bring on timber 
and fuel, ai» well as manure from many places where the 
llottentoos have squatted with .their cattle to the lauds, as well 



267 

as stone and brioks for the jetty, 4c.), has hitherto not been smooth ^^^' 
work, as we have written ere this. It is also plain that if only for i^Ui Julv. 
this onoe every return sliip were encumberea with one horse, it 
would be the right course to relieve the return ships shortly after- 
wardi$, and onoe for all of bringing us every year 30 or more lasts 
of rice, l)esides beans and owljaugh, as we hope within a year or 
two (if we only obtain the horses) to get so far into corn, with 
tlie lilessing of Gk)d. that we shall not only liavo enough for this 
f'stablishment and Mauritius, but also some over for Batavia, 
urt'ording to appearances which are beginning to be very favour- 
nble. Wo therefore beg you to accommodate us with those 
animals, as well as some fresh pady, as mentioned in annexed 
riHjuisition. 

You ar«\ however, not to send us ** loyanghs " or '* boulons," as 
the first namiKl is not desired by the natives, who jirefer Dutch 
cupper wire, with wldch we are at present well provided. As 
regard» the '' boulons," they are not strong enough as olotliing for 
the men, i^. 

Tlie offioers of the Nachtglas^ which takes this, have been 
ordered (as they an» to search for the TStlp at all trading stations 
oil Matlagascar) to barter en iniMttant everywhere as much rice, salt, 
wax, beaui^, and eadjaneh as possible, in onler to provision 
Mauritius en p^Mnanf with tlie same. Leaving that island for Java 
tlu'y will Im» able to render you a statement of ever3rthing (or in 
ca.«H» thoy an» unable to reach Mauritius, they will be able to bring 
the rice to Batavia and thus cover the costs of the voyage). We 
trust, however, that they will be able to provide that island on 
their way, and thus excuses an express vessel, whirh would otlier- 
wise be necet^sarily sent thither next season. For the purpose of 
barter a small cargo has been entrusted to the skipper, Jan 
Sleutel. 8ee annexed invoice. 

(Signed) Joh an van Uibbbkck. 

Ampliation of the requisition already forwarded to Batavia. 

1. One {)aeket finely bleaohed ginghams, for the accommodation 
of the married ofiicials in their households. 

2. One do. Bengalese Taffaohelas, as upper clothing daring the 
warm season for the lower ranks. 

!3. Two do. Salampouris forgotten before. 

4. 8om<' fresh Tenia tc or Java pady, wbiuh, as wo have been 
told, thrives with very litth» trouble on dry ground, but is 
plaut«»i iu th' fiiiuy season. It may he cullivated h»>re without 
much trouble; at leaat, « trial may be made. 



16ó(i. 



268 

To Madagascar. 

To the junior merohant. Frederik Verburgh, aud offioers of the 
galiot (ie Itdp^ written per the galiot Nachtghs. 

^ This will be brought by the Ifach*glas, destined to Batavia. 

I6th7uiy. ^^* ^ ^^ ^^^ great anxiety you have remained away so long 
with the Tulpy she has been ordered to prooeed ria Madagascar 
and Mauritius, and en pasnani call at all the places whim vou 
may havo left or by contrary winds been compelled to leave to find 
winter quarters somewhere. She will have to discover when you 
left your last place of call, and for that purpose will also call 
at Mauritius and thence proceed to Batavia, so that we may at 
the latest receive information from you per return fleet. 

And {18 we have been informed by Frenchmen (who have called 
at Saldauha Bay) that by the bursting of 2 pieces eleven of your 
crew had been killed or wounded, this galiot has been strengthened 
with 25 men, in order — should she meet you and you may require 
assistance — to give you 8 or 10. Should, however, this not be 
necessary, you shall let them remain in the galiot to proceed in 
her to Batavia. 

And OS it is our hope that the Ttiip will be found in one or 
other harbour, probably full of rice, &e., and that in consequence 
of the violent gales in the neighbourhood of the Cape, you have 
bc'en compelled to winter in Madagaai*ar, b<;fore being able to 
return hither, we would not deem it strange if in the meanwhile 
you i^onveyed 10 or 12 lasts of rite to Mauritius, eitlier i)er the 
Tft/p or the Nachtghs, We however think it better that it should 
Ix^ done by the latter, wliich can then cross over to Batavia and 
Ihi'ro repf>rt. At Madti^^ascur. ;u» you are passing the winter there, 
you may be able to obtain more riee instead. lu the aforesaid 
ease, you should also send away some beans, cadjaneh, and wax, 
that is, if you can obtain more by barter to replace what you send 
away, reporting everything to Batavia, to the Gh)vemor«G^eraI 
and Councillors of India, who will no doubt be satisfied with this 
course, as in our opinion a great service would thus be rendered to 
the Company, as probably in consequence an express from BatÉvia 
might be excused, which would otherwise be required to provision 
that Island (Ma^lagasoar^ In the same way the officers of the 
Nachtglas have been ordered to obtain everywhere as much rioe, 
beans, cadjangh, salt and wax as possible, in order to convey the 
same to Mauritius. Should therefore, when she finds you, that 
vessel have obtained enough, you may retain what you have, and 
as soon as iK)66ible despatcn the NaMglax with her riee to Batavia, 
with orders to reach Batavia in good time. Tou on the other 
hand shall seiate the iin»t upportunit^' to make for the Cape in the 
Tulp^ but in case that vessel has suffeced disaster or has been 
wrecked, which (jh)d forbid I yw oMtJ in that case OMikQ.for thé 



269 

Cape iu tht? yachttjlüjs^ or |»roet»fd iii Inr to üatavia, whene<» with 'C-^^»- 
the permiBsion of the Gbvempr-Oentral and Coandilon of India, r5th^uly. 
YOU may return hither in tht> return fleet. All which ia for the 
beat of the Company left to the discretion of yourself and your 
Ahi|)V council (who aro on the spot), that you may discuss the beat 
courHe to be adopted. Should the Tulp require any oordaffe, the 
Nnchtylas^ having lately urrivefl from home, is doi\bly provided, so 
that by virtue of this, you may take out oi her what you require, 
but with such reasonableness that the other ia not left deatitute. 

We liave shipped for you in the galiot a half aum Spanish wine, 
(>n«* '' high cow ' and two sweet milk cheeses. Were we certain 
that she would find you we would have shipped more provisions in 
her. You i-an, however, take these proviaiona out of her and use 
them properly. 

(Signed) Johan van Riiribok. 



To Mauritius. 

To the junior Merchant Maximiliaan de Jongh and the officers 
of the Company's fortress and establishment there, per the galiot 
Nacht g ha ^ written via Madagascar. 

The r«aaons why we have decided to despatch the Nacht gUtê to 
Batavia rui Mailagaacar and Mauritius, you will be able to gather 
from the annexed llesolution and the^reporta of the skippers, who, 
in onler to strengthen our Council we gave session at the board. 
We hope that he will find the Tulp with you ;4but ^should this 
not happen, he ia ordered to depart from you for St. Maria and 
Antongil, in order to search for her there also. We hope that 
he will hear of her somehow. You will be plea.'<#»d therefore to 

E*ve him as mu<*h as possible a helping hand in the discharge of 
s duties, that he may as soon as*posaible an<I infgood time reach 
BatAvia. This will be of service to the Company and a favour to 
oiurselves. 

The books of the NaehtgloM accompany the akipper open and 
with their pr«>per balanoea, so that should an3rthing happen, men 
liave to l>e transferT(*d, or in case of deaths, you or his book*keeper 
may each time enter the event and strike the balance (aa haa been 
done now I, as we can spare no clerk here f or keeping the books 
during the voyage. As we have no further matters to mention, 
we shall break off abruptly. 

(Signeil) Johan van Rirrceck. 



270 



1656. 



— Infltmctions for the offioers of the galiot Nachtgloê^ lying ready 

July.. ^^ \^t^yf(s this for Batavia, via Madagascar and Mauritius. 

You are fully aware of the reasons why you are to voyage as 
ordered, having been personally present at our Council board. 

You are accordingly to leave with the first favourable breeee, 
taking your course direct to Augustyn Bay, according to your 
own suggestion after oonsulting yoiur charts, the winds, seasonfi, 
&o. 'Phis bay is situated on the inner side of Madagascar in 23 1 
S. latitude, and thera jou sliall inquire after the Tulp^ which con- 
trary to expectation has not vet made her appearance, so that we 
hope that the worst that bef el her is that she endeavoured to return 
hither too late in the season, and was obliged to return to pass the 
winter there or somewhere else, until the S. Bast or summer 
season. 

Should you therefore not find her there (for in that place there 
dwells a very faithless nation) so that you are to be particularly on 
your guard there, as well as at St. Luoia and the Rivers of 
Monamboolo), yon shall proceed along the south of that large island, 
as the Ttilp did in 1654, towards the E. side to the Bay St Lucia, 
where, not far away from it, the French have a snudl fort, on 
whom, as tliey are not far off, you are to keep a watchful eye in 
order not to be surprised by them under one pretext or another ; 
for you are to be as quick as possible in obtaining news of the 
Tulp\ wherefore (as you know) it has been decicfed that you 
should cross over thence to Mauiitius to discover whether she may 
not have proceeded thither for more assistance. Thence (not 
having obtained any tidings of her) you mav easily return to 
Madagascar in four or five days, as some Frenonmen have told us 
that tney had left some of their men at Antongil Bay, on their 
way to the Rivers of Monamboelo to barter rice. &)me information 
should therefore be obtained on this point also, especially on the 
Island St. Maria, lying obliquely before the said Rivers, and at 
which the Tulp also called for trading purposes, according to news 
as above. But when you have visited all these plaoes and have 
obtained no tidings of them, you may continue your voyage to 
Batavia. 

In Antongil Bay you will find an interpreter who speaks Duidi 
perfectly and will give you every information. Hence you shall 
not neglect to proceed thither from Mauritius, should you not in 
any of the aforesaid places obtain any suffioient news for a proper 
report to the Oovemor-Qeneral and Oounmllors of India, so as to 
enable the latter to communicate your experiences to our lords and 
masters at home, that the latter may not be induced afterwaids 
to send out an express expedition for the purpose at great ooit, 
which can be now avoided by calling with this yacht at the plaoee 
mentioned in the course of hor voyage. We therefore most 



27 r 

earnestly eommoinl thin matter to you, with oxprosft protest against >***• 
all coêUj damages, hindraiieeë aud iuconvenienoeB whion the tAtb^ulr. 
Company may suffer through your negligenoe and without 
suffioient oauso. And even should those at fibnuitius endeavour 
to dissuade you, or have anything against your mission, it is onr 
order nevertheU^s (subject to our protest as above) that you shall 
adhert' to these instructions, as should you contravene thorn every- 
thing will he left to your aw-ount. 

And when^as, besides an abundance of refreshments, you will 
be able to barter rioe, wax, beans aud cadjangh in Augustine Bay, 
and alno Halt, which is very much in demand at Antongil, and 
may be exchanged there for rice, you shall do your best to provide 
yournelves with these provisions on every spot, without unneces- 
sarily dela\iug your voyage, so that when you cross over from St. 
Lucia Bay to liauritiu^i tho Company's establishment there may 
bo well providij by you, and the Qovemor-Qeneral and Councillors 
of India being informed of this, may be able to relieve the return 
fle^*t of such an additional increase of cargo. And should vou not 
find the Tuijf at Maiuritius also, and be, as aforesaid, obliged to 
i'ro8M over to Antons^ and the Island St. Maria, as well as call at 
the rivers Moenamboele (pointeil out to you in the charts) where 
mneh rice can be had, you shall obtain of the latter as much as 
you (*an at the plates mentioned!, and endeavour to reach Mauritius 
with your cargo, in order to add a further supply to the provisions 
there, and so bring it altout that it will not be necessary for their 
honours in Batavia to send an express vessel t<i that island tliis 
setison. This would do a great service to the Company, as ii whole 
ship's hold would lie thus economised. This matter is therefore 
the raoie earnestly <*ommended to you, so that, af^er having flis- 
ctiargcnl at Mauritius, you may proceed to Batavia. For all whieh 
max the Almighty grant you good fortune and prosperity, to 
whose guidance and pnjspenty we commend you. 

(8igne<l) J. v. RiRHEKcni. 

List of annexures to the preceding despatch. 

List of «locuinents forvrartlf^d to Sieur de Jongh an<l officers at 
Mauritius. 

List of documents addressed to Sieur Verburgh at Madagascar. 



To Bataviu. 

Our last was diiU^ the I'ith July last, and acMX)mpanied by copy nth Auyr. 
of OUT letter to th«' Seventeen sketching the state of affairs liert», 
and enabling us accordingly to n ake this letter shorter. We also 
jjend copy of another letti'r to the Directors dated 1 0th June last. 



272 

iti.'xi. and «lespatohed in the Enelkh vessel, the Good Will from 
uth^ur, Mafiulipatnam with a oargo of saltpetre and coast oloth. 

Ships arrivals. Two small vefisels, the Wachter and Waeekende 
fioey left the Vlie on the 11th April last, and brought us verbal 
news that the Hon. van Gh)ens (aooepted as ordinary councillor by 
the Seventeen) would soon follow. . . . 

We humbly pray you. as we did in our previous letter, to send 
us only one horse with each return ship or yacht, vis. : mares for 
breeding, as without horses we cannot carry out what is 00 
urgently commended to us by our roasters, mostly in all their 
letters, regarding the promotion of agricultiure. They would be 
the riffht means for excusing the return fleet from being 
enoumoered with such large quantities of rice for us, as by drawing 
the plough they would help to further agriculture and satisfy our 
wants ; but as long as we do not obtain any horses this will be 
impossible. We therefore, as before, respectfully ask you for 8 or 
10, after receipt of which we do not hope to trouble you again. 
The 7 or 8 which we already have, have been thoroughly done up 
by the work. 'Tis true that we have bred 2 or 3 young ones, 
but these will not be able to work for another 2 or 3 years, whilst 
we would like, before our departure, to bring things so far, that 
this place may be able (as reêarda grain, &c.,) to fmd itself. We 
see a chance of doing so, witn Ood in the van, if we only obtain 
horses, hence our humble prayer is the more earnest, for tne more 
horses wo get, the more probability there will be for us of growing 
an abundance of com, as there is no dearth here of suitable ground. 
We are by no means without hope that if this place were 
sufficiently provided with horses, it might in course of tune become 
a tolerable food chamber for India, as regards com and rioe, 
especially when affairs have been placed on a proper footing by us, 
and are seconded with freemen from home; but before the Company 
makes a trial at her own cost (as we are already doing), and sends 
u sufficient number of horses, no one dares to become a freeman, 
a*) nothing can be done in agriculture without slaves and hones ; for 
the latter will have to convey hither the fnel from the forest about 
3 miles away, which is getting very scarce in the immediate neigh- 
bourhood, and we have to pandertoo much to the Hottentoos for sooh 
rubbish ^vodderijen) by filling their stomachs, which causes mat 
oonsumphon, &c., but which ^1 not be necessary when we have 
obtainea horses, and, as already said, the Return Fleet would no 
longer be encumbered with provisions for us. The skippers, 
Pieter Jonassen and Cent Hamers who take this, have seen our 
need of horses, and therefore promised, when they appeared bsftws 
you, to recommend these matters, and should they return hithsr 
with the Return Fleet, will each of them bring us 2 or 3 horses. 
They also declared that the animals would not cause any hindranoe 
worth mentioning, at least less than that caused annually by the 



273 

quantity of rice to be brought to tho Cape, which would soon *^- 
ceaiM* aft<T Wf» havo obtaino<l the hordes. Two or throe free 14th Ang. 
MardyckcT families would also be very necf^ssary here; they 
would be able to earn a living by washing, to the particularly 
groat cM)mfort not only of the pK^ple of the Portress, out also of 
the passing ships, who are often much in want of such accommoda- 
tion, so that such washers would d»^rive much profit from their 
work, a« thi» Neth<»rlands' women, however humble thoir condition 
may bo, whon onc«* outside thoir Fatherland, consider themselves 
to<» gr»cMl (generous) and precious (waan lig) for such work. . . . 

^SignO<l) JoHAN. V. HiEliKKrK. 



To Da tana. 

This will b<» taken by the Pari which reoeivi^ her despatch on .. Aug. 
the 23nl instant (August). ... As we have heard that the 
Batavia gardens have hithei to not been provided with artichokes, 
rosemary, camatioun, and borage, &c., as the seeds cannot very 
well be transporte<l in a frenh condition to India; and as we are 
hero already fairly well provided with them, we have sent yxni in 
tho Pari^ in the care of Pieter Jonassen, 1 tub containing 
artichoke plant.^^ ; 1 ditto with ro8<'mary trees, and 1 ditto uitli 
seven carnation stools in small eane baskets, and packed in soil. 
Between them are S4ime plants of borage and blue flowers (bleu we 
blomties) which are adde^l to cabbage and other kinds of lettuce 
for taste and ornamt^nt. 

We intend to provide you with one thing and another by all 
ships, and which we think that Batavia not yet possesses, and we 
hav«' an atimdance of. Especially within a year or two we shall 
also have «urrants and blackberries, &c., obtained from home and 
already fairly tlmving. We hope that if sent hence in the oold 
season they will roa<h yf»u growing, just as they arrive here from 
the Fatherland. You will be pleased to r€»member to scatter the 
soil in which the borage has cxn^n ])lantod over a small plot, as 
during the voyage the se«*<ls will drop, and may, in tho manner 
suggested, spring forth. 

In tho Pari we missetl 4 })ackag«*s in mats marked M.M., N.N., 
0.0. and P.l'.. containing oO copper vases or yellow plates for the 
iJttj>e, acoonling to invoice r»Mvive<l. We mention this to request 
you, that should they l»e found when one or other ship is being 
dis4'hargfd, to wMid them hark to us with the return fleet, as 
oth» rwise we will bo very much hamp'red in our «attle trade. . . . 

(Signed) J. v. Rikhkick. 

I^i>t of annex uros to pnK^ling des|)atched sent with the 7/. 

Lint of annexim^ to procoiling desjwitehes sent with tho Pftri. 

T 



274 



To Sybrant Rinokes and Willem Harmanus : written per Robhe* 
jachfjen. 

1666. You ihall deliver to Qerrit Harmansz 20 of the oldest sheep or 

25thAuif. ®^®® which are past hreediog and no more fit for that purpose ; 
should there be more jou must send those also. 

We believe that the sheep, if not driven into a kraal for the 
night, will become too wild. Henoe in our opinion thev should 
every c^vening bo confined in a stable or kraal ; and if the hitter 
be too small, you may enlarge it with bushes and briars, tind make 
a sepamte sIkhI for the yoimg ones, just as the HottentooB do. 
With this we commend you to God in graoe and salute you 
heartily, &c. . . . 

(SigncMi) JoHAN VAN RlRRBKCK. 



To Batavia. 
'Hill s^i.t. "Rofor you to our letter sent by If. Louyne and Pnrl^ from which 
you will gather oiur urgent appeal for horses — ^yoiur last letters 
mentioning (for reasons adduced, that it was hardly possible t«» 
send any) that you had already In^en of intention to altandon th** 
iMoa. But as from the letters received afterward» from the 
Directors we gather that the latter are much interesterl in tho 
development of agi'iculture, and sent us accordingly ploughs and 
hanows, i^c., which cannot be use^l without horses, so that the 
cultivation of th«» soil cannot l>o '.^Ift^cted, w« are compelled under 
the circumstances, to renew our request for horses, humbly begging 
that our importunity (as it concerns the service of the Company) 
will not be taken amiss, as mostly all matters as well as all further 
cultivation miLst await this arrival and n-main at a standstill ; for 
the more horses that are sent us the 1»etter we shall l)e able to 
support ourselv<»s as regards provisions, and the mon» the return 
fleet will 1)0 reli»»ved of 1»rin*ring us every year those large 
quantities of rice and anack — we requiring annually itt least 40 
lasts of rice, and about as many It^aguers of arrack, as the 
establishment heif has beiiiconsidt^nibly tularge<l and will grow 
larger and larger every year — so that if we could oidy obtain 
many horses we would Ik» able to depT.d «»n our own resources, l^u» 
skip]M»r8 who were hf»re, state<l that in every ship coming here at 
least 'J horses might be shipjMKl without any mi-onvenienoe ; at 
least, that is. Sirs! what th^'V say when t}iey are here. Henoe it is 
our humWe request, in <»rder to carry out the ( ?om])any*s necessary 
services so highly commended to ns, that yt»u may lie plea»»d to 
«lespatch us -i horses in every r«'tum ship, flute or yacht, in order 
never more after^-anls Xo b<» in<'onvenienred with such huge 
volumes of rice and oth«'r articles, which we have often mentioned 
fullv lM»fore, and whi«h will not only have to lie continued, but as 



275 

the MtftbliBhment here grows, will grow in proportion. From the ^^' 
annexed oopy of despatch lately reoeived with the Z^eridder from 20th sepu 
the Seventeen you will see how we are to help our8eW<*8 as we can. 
by obtaining planks from the Cape forest, which cannot b« done 
without horses ; yea ! we shall soon be obliged to fetch th«»noe 
also our fuel with wagons, as it is geftinj? very scarce in the 
immediate neighbourhof)d, so that if we obtain no horses, it will be 
difficult to keep matters going. Hence our humble prayer for 
horses is the more earnest. It will only be for once to send us 
three with each ship, hoping by breeding to obtain more. 

We had also been told by some gentlemen who called here in 
the last fleet, that there were many insolvent Chinamen riveted in 
chains as slaves in Batavia in (y)nsequence of debts whi(»h they owe 
to the Company, and who ac<'ordingly advised us to write to you 
for some of them, as they are a very industrious nation, and in 
order to regain their liberty might be employed here for some 
years in agriculture, and thus render g^reat service to the (/ompany. 
Ft would also bo good, if among them there were some who have 
a knowle<lge of distilling arrack, for how far the intentions of our 
Masters tend for th<' «carrying out of many matters here, you will 
be able to gather fully from the annexed oopy of their last despatc^h 
to us. And when these insolvent Chinamen shall have worked 
out their fre«Mlom. they would no doubt continue to cultivate the 
Sf)il for themselves, as the Irish and other nations did and are still 
doinji: in Virginia and the raribl>ean Islands, by which means 
those regions have l>een greatly |K)pulated and highly cultivated. 
And this may no doubt 1h» brought about here also, should a com- 
monoement be made with such Chinese as above mentioned because 
of th«'ir industrious natures. And as the Masters in their last 
d<^patch have re<iuest«Hl us to direct our thoughts towards the 
development of agriculture, iV:c.. we aooonlingly remind you not 
only of the hor8<»s but also of the (^linese, that you may, according 
to your wJM' judgment dispose of the matter as the best interests 
of the (ompany re<piire. Under correction, we think that cmr 
proposal will not be deem<Hl strange, and may be easily risked 
with such in'U)lvent rhin^se, as othenvise (as we are told) in con- 
siMjuem^» of their h«»avy «hO»fs, they will never be able to pay the 
Compamy and r«*gtiin th»ir fn^nlom. It is therefore our opinien 
tiiat in onler to pay tlioir debts and recover their freedom, they 
would do w(»ll here. \or would some rice planters among them 
1h» unwelconif*. 

And as some <1iin«*s«» hav«» exfx'rience of sugar planting, which 
our Principals would gladly F.-e taken in hand here, or at least 
Htt«ra])te<l. wo would lik<' you to send us (should you condescend 
to send us s<»me chaiii<*fl insolvent Chinamen), also some young 
gn»wing sugar <tane in <*a.<es with soil, or the seed. Also some 
young bamb<>o tre«^ of the tliiokHst and longest kinds, whi^h would 



276 

1656. jjQ y^jy uBefoI here. Toiing shoot* might be sent out also in 
2S:h Sei)t; ("^se^ with soil, or the eeed, should Ijamboos produoe any. 

No trouble need be taken as regards ooooa-nuts and *' pinanffh/' 
as they will not thrive here. Regarding the rest, however, it is 
evident that they will thrive, as we have already had fine ex* 
I>erienoe witli tobacco, whi<?h we liave sown this year from seed 
won by ourselves and of which we hope to plant a large quantity ; 
but the maintenance and continuance, &o., as already said depend 
solely and plainly on the expectation of horses, which, if not 
arriving, will put matters l)aek, beoause the heavy labour required 
is too much for human beings, and moreover, would be too 
expensive to the Company in tlie matter of wages, &c , and hence, 
in our opinion not advisable. It is therefore our humble and 
earnest prayer, often expressed, that we may receive only for once 
three horses with each return ship, when with God in the van, 
there will be no doubt that within a short time we shall bo able to 
support ourselves, and as regards com, &c., send a fair quantity to 
Haul via, to the ereat relief of the return fleet as regards rice, 
arrack, &c., which it will otherwise be necessary to send annually 
to us witli those vessels. 

Tbb will be brought by the small flutes Wakende Boei; and 
Z^emhler which left Amsterdam and Zealand on the 11th and 
15th May last, arriving here on the 11th and 14tJi instant. Two 
days later the galiot Emlo with three masts also arrived from 
finokhuysen, which left on the Ist May with another galiot named 
the Ens ; we hope the latter will soon arrive. 

The skiD}>er informed us that a similar vessel named Unk was 
being maae ready at Enckhuysen, in order to leave \^ïth the 
PrincesMe lioyael^ &c. Tlie large ships only waiting for some cargo. 
He, h()W»»ver, did not know whether the Hon. van Goens would 
come out in one of them. 

(Signed) JonAN vax Rirhkkck. 

Ap})endix. — The above having been oloserl and delivered to the 
officers of the two flutes, the PriurrH^tr Royael arrived during the 
evening of the 2l8t, with more than «^56 men. Had left 
Enckhuysen in company of the Uixk on the 3 1st May last Had 
lost none bv death during the voyage, but brought some scurn* 
patients, wKo in consequence of the abundimt refreshments 
sent on board daily, will, before the vessers «leiiarture, and with 
God in the van, no doubt be fully restore<l to health. . . . We 
annex copy of the despatclies received from th(* Masters, to show 
you how much they are interested in the development of agrioul- 
ture, and the breeding of cattle, pigs, &u.. and how they commend 
tfaase natters to us ; for all which, with God in tlie van, we have 
the xemedv, if only the horses, which we have asked for, are sent 
ua with the next retiun fleet, as without them it will not be 



277 

• 

possible to keep going what had already been taken in hand with *^^ 
the infallible hope that horses would be s(>nt to us, as there will be 2(Hh {^i»t« 
no want of diligenco on our part. We therefore onoe more 
earnestly and humbly renew our prayer for the horses, fully 
assured that you "will not leave us helplens in our endf^avour to 
render such an important serrioe as has been so highly commended 
to us ; and tho more so as only three horses need oe sent in each 
vessel, and no more will be required afterwards ; nor shall the ships 
any longer bo required to bring us rice, beans, oadjangh, arrack, 
or similar bulky articles, so that on that account alone it will be» 
worth while to send us tlio horses, to say nothing of the fair 
prospects fully detailed in our former letters. Therefore depending 
upon your gooil judgment. We, &c. 

(Signed) Johan van Riebekck. 

P.8. — The Pnnonsc Uoyarl bi»ing n»ady to leave and the above 
also for being sealed, then* arrived hero on the Slst last the 

English yacht the IMgehoij which had left England on the k^^l^ 

April last, commanded by Skipper Willem Harwev and carrying 
twenty-eight men, all, excepting five or six sick vdth scurvy. She 
on her way to Surat. 

He informed us that more than fifty ve^'sels, large and small, 
would leave England this year for India, all owned by privste 
individuals. Wnether this be true or merely bombast, we shall 
discover in time. To-Kiay another English yacht arrived, named 

the Oiiti Jinnich, Had left Dover on the ..t.t June with 

lotn 

forty-two men, among them Skipper John Branston. She is 

destined to Bantam. Four or five others were tx) follow. She 

oidy had three or four scurvy (mtients, but no dead. Hopes to 

obtain her cargo at Bantam at onoe and return quickly. 

Further requisitions for the Cape. 

Horses with each ship — »j— mostly mares, if practicable. 

Insolvent Chinamen and Quiuanmers for agriculture, &c. 

Young sugar cane \ In cases with soil and 

Do. bamboos, gi* >>ving high J already growing, or seed of 
and thick / the same. 

1 free Mardycker family whiih supports itself with washing, 
&o , would profit great Iv here as already stated. 

1 free arrack distiller with his tools, if sufficient horses be 
sent to us, as otherwise he would not be able to work, as 
tho hinds are to bo ploughed with the horses, and com 
and rice have first to be raisiHl before arrack can be made. 

List of documents annexed to the preceding despatches. 

No. 6 (iHjr galiot Emlo)^ Alphabet (code) for the Cape, 



278 



Momoranduni for the Quarter-mast^r Qerrit Harmansz, skipper on 
the Rohbviijarhtic, lying ready to knive for Saldauha Bay. 

I'i '•*'». As tht' Rohhvjmhtji' will not inteer or turn wusily, and must there- 

'M» Ort ^*^^^^ ^** neeei?öïirily hauled on shore in ord<'r to huv»* the evil 
remedieil ; and as the facilities for doing this are not s<» good hen» 
as in »Saldanha l»ay, you shall pn>eeed thither with th<* first fair 
wind and on the wav call at Dassen Island to see how it goi's with 
the seals and the inereasc of the roek rabbits. You shall also on 
the Islands in that Lay warch for Freneh and other letters, and 
should you niei*t any natives, end«'avour to barter from them in 
love and friendship a> many shetfp as possible, which you aie to 
jjlace on Sehapen Island, so that when your repaira are eomplece<l, 
they may be removed hither or landed on liobben Island, as the 
weather may permit; and for the purposes of barter we have 
given you 56 lbs. copper wire, 18 lbs tobaceo, and half a gross of 
pipes, with which you may be somewhat liberal, in order to obtain 
more of that sort of cattle. 

But should you obtain no sliee]) you iire to fill the yaoht with 
reeds of which to make mats for the brick kilns ; and even should 
you obtain sheep, you shall nevertheless take on board as mueh 
reed as may serve as a loose bedding for the sheep and so enable 
them to stand level and better than on the bare ballast. 

And as in consequence of the rolling of the sea the yaoht is very 
much tossed about in the bay here, you shall ship the new mast which 
you take with you in Scddanha Bay whither you are purposely 
sent for repairing your vessel. You are therefore to use all pos- 
sible despatch, in order to be back here in good time, unless you 
find a good trade there in sheep and young cattle. In that oase 
you are to remain as long as your copper and tobaooo last, and 
after that return hither with as much oattle aa you oan take on 
board, leaving the rest on the iSohapen Island in Ualdanha Bay, in 
order to be removed later on. 

Ahd as last time our men were attacked by the natives and 
robbed of their wareb ; and as they had also run the danger of being 
murdereil, yuu shall no longer trust them so much, but be well on 
your guard against them. Hence every man going on shore for 
trading pur]>oses, shall arm Iiimself with a pistol or musket, and 
care must be taken that on our part no cause is given them, but 
that special attention is paid to our defence. 

Should you find any rhinoceros horns, elephants' tusks, or 
ostrich feathers, you may barter them for copper and tobaooo. 
With this we wiah you a fortunate trip to and fro. 

\JUgiied) JouAK VAX Ujlmukkck. 



Ist Nil 



279 

To Batavia. 

Our last to you wore datod the 20tli and 28th September last. 166C» 
On the 17th October following the Breda of Hoorn arrived. Had 
left Amsturdam on the 1st June last with the flute ifeukti and the 
Ult/.S'St'n. Had parted from them at the Canaries. The pestilence 
had raged violently on the bearer of this (the Breclfi), wluch how- 
over ceased at the lino, where they were detained six weeks by 
cahus. After that, in consequence of the long voyage scurvy 
broke out amoug the crew, so that she had already lost 40 men 
when she came here. She also brought many sick, who, with the 
exception of 7, thank Grod ! have been restored to health, and now 
leave with her. (N. B. — 7 have remained here on account of 
sickness and 6 others because of their trades, or 13 altogether, of 
whom as stated 7 were too weak to leave). 

The English yaiht HedyelMy left on the 22nd last, for Augus- 
tine Bay at Madstgasc^ir, in order to salt down cattle there, and 
obtain fuel. Thence she will procee<l to Motsambique for ivory, 
gold, &c., and thence again via Surat and Coromandel to Macassar, 
in order to exchange their Surat and Coast cloth for cloves there, 
and so return through the Straits of Bali. We have deemed it 
necessary to mention this to you, iu case it should be found neces- 
sary for you to watch the vessel's doings at Macassar. 

'rhe other Euglisli yacht, the OUce Branchy somewhat larger, 
left on the 12th last for Bantim, hoping to obtain her cargo there 
quickly, in order to be able to return at once. The result you will 
know before we shall. 

The otlier vessels, viz. : the üort^ &c., have not yet arrived ; we 
do not know whether they have passed. AVe hope that Qod the 
Lord will grant them a safe though a long voyage. 

From the annexed resolution you will see that after long 
pressure and at the written request of the Rev. Bernardus Broch- 
bom, who arrived here in the Breda, we have baen induced to 
permit him with wife and children to remain here until the arrival 
of the next vessel, in order 1 leu to proceed on his voyage to 
Batavia. Some dispute seems to have arisen between him and the 
ollicers of the vessel, and he had already sulEered condemna- 
tion in consequence, so he intends to appeal to the Court in 
Batavia. He professes that he dare not proceed with the said 
officers any further over saa, as shown in his memorial addressed 
to us, and embodiod in the aforesaid resolution, to which we refer 
you. 

(Signed) Johan van Eiebekck. 

The Uif/<*€8 arrived here on the 1st November, after having lain 
some days in Saidanha Bay and refreshed her men with birds, 
eggs, &c. She now leaves (the 2Qd), having taken on board her 
water, and a leu'ge quantity of refreahinents sach a sheep and garden 



280 

^^^' produce ; with a halo and hearty <Tew, including sorao from the 
iï*tN(iv Fort, and with the hope of still arriving at Batavia before the 
departure of the latest return ships ; which may God grant ! 

List of annexuros to preceding despatch : — 



To Batavia. 
2lM Nov. On the 9th inst. the little flute M^nifn arrival. She had called 
only at St. Helena Bay, situated in fully 32^*'' of latitude below 
Soldanha Bay. There she hnd been cleaned and ballasted with 
stone, as she wa^ rather top heavy. She also obtained there some 
birds and purslain as refreshments. Thence she oame hither in 10 
days' time, having drifted about off and on shore during the 40 
(Dutch) miles voyage. She brought not more than '5 or 4 sick, 
who w(»re suffering from scurvy, which evil was, Praise be to God ! 
exeelleiitly cured by the Cape refreshments, so that only one was 
left here who was suffering from sev(»ro accidents, but will very 
likely be able to leave with a following vessel. 

The day following the arrival of this Company's little vessel, 
another small Kuglisli flute of about t>(> lasts burden made* her 
appearance, calle<l the [?), commanded by Skipper or Captain John 
Kingsman, and having on lK)ard as merchant Samuel Keerdt of 
Ijondon. Had left Plymouth on the 28th June (old stylo), and 
carried 35 or 3(> men with destination to Bantam. She asked for 
some cattle which was «ourteouHly refusal with the excuse of our 
own necessities ; but they w<'re jxTmitted, as allowed by the 
Masters, to take in water and catch fish. Tlu'y were treated with 
every civility, as was pro|H*r, in (»nler as much as nrai^ticable to 
prevent any complaints of improper trt»atment, i^c. She left on 
the 19th follo>%nng. 

The minister Bamanlus Muthoy Broehbron, who came out in 
the Bretia and remained hen* for reasons previously mentioned, 
left in the Mrulen for Batavia with his wife and children, and at 
his own ref|uest. We do not know better than that we have made 
him properly i*omfortable, and sh'>wn him as murh respect as was 
due to him according to his rank and ofli«'e. 

(Signed) Joiian \ an UiKifKEcK. 



To Batavia. 

'iw\ iKi . Since our last th«» iVarhtcr arrived, which had left Amsterdam 

on the 1 1th April last, in oom}>any of the Pari and Wnerkemk Ihtey. 
She will take tnis note. 

This little vetisol, in consecjuent^e of her long voyage, was so 
short of provisions that we wore obliged to supply hur out of our 



281 

own scanty storos witli l,S(M) Ihs. bn^ad, in order to enable her to *^^ 

[«tx'eed to Batavia, for which may the Almighty fpmnt her better j^^ i>,^^ 
ack than she has hod hitherto. At present the following vessels 
are still tarrying, viz. : the Vogvlvnanffh^ th(» Dordrecht^ of Delft, 
the Conimjh vnn Poleti^ of Z< 'aland, and the J?m/rand Urckoi Enek- 
huyï*en. 

(Signed) Jon\x van Rikhbeck. 



Instructions for the assistant J iiii Woutorsz : proceeding heuor» to 
Saldauha Bay in thr sloops Rohbtjachf and Pegiiyn^ in ord<»r 
onoe more to tuk<* in Iiand the K'al finhory on the islands in 
and in the neigh 1»ourhood of the said bay. 

To carry out your work you have be<^n provided with the proper 
tools ri'quired, and provisioned for '^ months with everything 
required for 30 eaters, as will appear from the memorandum sub- 
mitted t») you on th»» subject. You are urgeil to manage every- 
thing properly and keep the men at their work, that we may this 
year al8<:> oe able to collect a goodly <piantity of skins. For this 
purpose we have orderiHl 28 men to accompany you, viz. : 3 men, 
among them the quartermaster Qeixit liarmensz, for protecting 
tlie sloop Uobhejacht, 

2Ó men, including yourself jis chief in charge of the seal catchers 
on the islands, an<l 2 men of the IMhr/ar/ttirn, whom, whenever 
you w'ud the RiMcjarhtien hither with skins, you shall ]»ermit to 
pnxMjed in her, that there may be on bcmrd experienced men for 
trips to and fro. 

Your first efforts shall U» on the islands in tlie said bay, in order 
first to catch everything then» ; leaving the L)as8<»n Island so long 
in peace until the seals shall have in th(> meanwhile multiplieil a 
little more, so as afterwards suddenly to catch them all together. 
You are als*) by these expressly ordered to have the skins properly 
tjiken ntr, aii<l .s<m' that the fat is nicely and completely 8cnii)ed off 
each, so that they be not expos4'd to putrefaction. Of this our 
masters have already IxH^n «complaining, and ordered that the 
legs should !>• left attachtnl to the skins, and that the fiish should 
be neatly tiken out of it, as the cutting off of it makes too large 
holes. This therefore you will have to attend to like last year, 
and see whether it cannot be <'ffectually done, sending ua the 
result, that we may transmit a suitable reply to the Directors. 

You must also endeavour to <K)lle<t as many '* muff '' akins as 
possible and take care that they are properly lut open below the 
stomaih, at the ne<k and near the tail into which the hands must 
be put, and the übIi taken out dean, in order to be like the other 
skins, and not be liable to putrefaction. In our opinion the iiueet 



282 

i«-^<^« would be those of unborn seals rut out of their mothors. Of all 
211(1^(1 . ^^^^^ things you shall make close observation, and i^pecially do 
your best onoo more to obtain a goodly numbc^r about the time of 
the arrival of the return sliips. This will render service to the 
Company and obtain honour for yourself. You are also to boil 
down a good quantity of oil for the use of the Company's csüib- 
lishment here. 

We also deem it good that the biggest sloop, the liobb* jacht, 
shall remain with you in the bay until you have a cargo of skins 
ready for her, wlien she can bring it hither, keeping at the islands 
with you the decked b<jat, or the little sloop, Pvguyn. Ae^'ording 
to the information receiveil after your am val, we shall give you 
our further orders. 

And as, in consequence of your daily communications witli us, 
you have dearly gathered our intentions regarding the service ti» 
be rendered to the Company, and your own experience will tell 
you what it may be necessary for you to do further, we shall deem 
the above sutHcient and leave the rc>st to your zeai, trusting that 
you will not conduct yousolf l(»ss diligently tlian before. Finally 
we refer yciu to our instructions and letter of last year, as far as 
they do not differ from this. 

Ending, we highly impress on you the {«orvi<*e of the Company, 
an 1 wish you good luck and jvrosperity iu the matters eiitnisted 
to you. 

(Signed) Johan van Bikukk< k. 



Instructions for the Uuarter-Master, Gerrit iiarmansz, as sailing 
orders, during the voyage in the sloop Koifjcjachf, hence to Sal- 
danha Bay. 

As all your provisions and tools have been shipped for the seal 
fishery in the said Iiobh*jnrht and the sloop Peyuyn, which are 
almo^ ready to leave, you shall take advantage of the first favour- 
able breeze, in order to get there as soon as possible, in order to 
enable Sieur Jan Woutersz and the men unaer him to start the 
seal fishery at once on the iblands. You shall also remain with 
the Ruhbijachtjeu so long in the bay until a cargo of skins is ready 
for you to bring hither. In the meanwhile the sloop is to be 
watched by you personally, Jurriaen Jaosz and Claes de Logic. 
The rest are also to be employed by Woutersz in seal catching ; 
but when you an* to leave with a cargo of skins, he shall take 
those men away from the tibhery iu order to help you to navigate 
your boat. You are also urged to assist Woutersz in his fishing, 
as the principal interest of the Company, as far as this voyage is 
oonoemeili is centred in the prdc^*nt seal fish«)ry. 



288 

You will also take with you 18 lbs. tobacco, 56 do. copper wire, ^^^^• 
and some pipes, in order, should any natives api)ear at the Bay, to omfTin. 
barter from them, en pdssatit, as many sheep as may be obtainable, 
bringing them hither at once and leaving the rest on Schapen 
Island in the Bay, to be taken ofiF afterwards. In conclusion we 
wish you goo<l lu(;k and a safe voyage. 

(Signed) Jon an van Kikmeeck. 



To Batavia. 

The Vogvlenmntjh will bring you this. From the copies of the latii Dih . 
despatches received from the Masters at Amsterdam, Iiereimto 
annexed, you will find that they had, amongst other things, 
mentioned to you to supply the Cape from time to time with some 
tamarind, to be used for the outward bound ships arriving here, 
which are to be provided with it, &f. ; with orders also to ourselves 
to remind you of this, and to add to it our opinion, which we think 
may well be left to your wiser and riper judgment; however, in 
order not to be negligent in complying with our Masters' orders, 
we shall gladly communicate to you our sentiments, which in 
comparison to your own are of an altogether trifling nature. 

Brietly stated, we believe that the idea of the Masters is that 
the tamarind will or may serve for the better preservation of the 
health of the crews between the Cape and Batavia, after they have 
been well refreshed here and consumed the refreshments of all 
sorts as well as garden produce, which are ordinarily not alone given 
them to last for 8 or 10 days at sea, but eire distributed among the 
men in quantities as much as they can consume. 

This then being our opinion why the Masters have decided that 
the Cape should successively be provided with tamarind, we leave 
the rest to your wiser and riper consideration, and ending this, &c. 

(Signed) Jouan van Uiebeeck. 

1*.S. — This vessel also takes 4 young ostriches about 6 weeks 
old ; wo trust that they will not be unwelcome, as we think that 
none have ever been in Batavia. We believe that they will 
also please the great in Japan, who are inquisitive people. Should 
this be so, we would be able to obtaiu enough here. 

List oi aimuxureti to the preceding duspatoh. 



284 

Orders and instructions for the Uuartermoster Gerrit Harmanss, 
lying ready to sail once more in the Rohbejachtjen to Saldanha 
Bay and the neighbouring islands. 

IS67. Whereas the assistant Jan Woutersz has, in consequence of 

r* many bad faolts, been recalled, in order to underfi;o the necessary 
punishment for them, the Council has decided to appoint 
you to his place, and to entrust you with the superin- 
tendence of the seal fisheries, as well as with the chief 
conmiand, not only of the liobhejachty but also of all the men 
engaged in seal catching stationed there and on the yacht, itö 
well as all others who may be sent thither afterwards, with the 
hope and confideno<' that you will conduct yourself diligently and 
faithfully to the best advantage of the Company. Therefore as 
soon as you reach the said Jan Woutersz in the bay, you shall, by 
virtue of this take over the chief command from him, as well as 
the jirovisions, tools and everything that is there, or may be sent 
thither afterwards. You shaU also at once let Jan Woutersz and 
his wife go on board, making him a prisoner and putting him in 
irons, in order to be brought hither in that manner, so that he may 
have lees occasion for fiirther mischief, as may be expectinl from 
such dissipated and faithless guc«t& 

And that you may be aUe to place the management of every- 
thing on an orderly footing, and the men be made to obey you, 
you shall read to them the annexed deel of authorisation, keeping 
them in good honest discipline, and for that purpose, as a good 
commander, settinc; them an example in everything good and 
diligent, daily makmg use of the ordintuy prayers to Ood the 
lx)ri together, and economically dispensing the provisions in a 
better manner than, and not so recklessly as, Jan Woutersz has 
done, to the great loss of the Company, and general inconvenience. 

And that you may 1j<3 able to give the men abundantly, we give 
you btïsides what is still there (at the Buy) the following : — 
1,000 lbs rice in two barreh*. 
100 Ibe. bread. 
1 liarrel meat. 
1 anker brandy. 
4 do. arrack. 
1 do. vinegar. 
1 tun butter. 

1 chei»se. 

2 rolls sailcloth for a fon»-spritsail. 

1 Itetbille for bunting and Hags. 
H large spars for the tents. 

*JO0 bludgeons. 

2 leaguers full oi {>egs. 



286 

(P) empty half aums in which to deposit the oil. ^^^• 

30 knives with sh.iqi points. 27th Jan. 

2 thick canes. 

24 sail needles. 

15 strands twine. 

6 pieces of old oable for yam. 

30 pairs of linon stookings for the men. 

Roflewater for their sore eyes. 

^ (pieoe) guinea linen for the surgeon. 

With you we believe the sewed up skins will he more aeoeptable 
in the fatherland than those with the open leg holes (open 
vlereken), and therefore you must have as many sewetl up as 
possible. For that object you have been given the above men- 
tioned twine and needles. 

We, however, leave it to you to find out whether the holes 
oannot instead be closed with wooden pins, as we showed you here, 
and whether that would not be a quicker method. Of all this you 
shall send us information, and show your diligence in every way 
as we have verbally advised you. 

As soon as the 3'aeht is full of skins, she must be despatched 
hither without delay, that we may have a large quantity for the 
expected return fleet. The arquebusier Juriaen Jansz shall take 
command of the vessel, as we believe, with you, that he in the most 
fit for the po8t, and understands navi^tion, and should the un- 
handy fellows, complained of by WoutersE, not be of any use 
there you are to send them Iwuk, taking care, however, that a 
suflSdent number of good seamen are left on board the sloop to 
navigate her. The can* of all tuiA is left entirely to you, as well 
as the killing of a large numlxT of seals, for which purpose we 
have provid(Hl you with five extra men. You may also promise 
the men that if their fishing is successful, they will receive each an 
extra mouth's pay in cash, and a merry reception (vrolyke kermis) 
on their return. 

(Signed) JoilAN V. RlEHRKCK. 



No. 200. 

Deed of authority for üerrit Harmniiw. 

As for sufficient reasons it has bt^n decided to recall Woutersz ; 
and we have deemed you a proper and fit person to succeed him, all 
who are engaged in the seal fishery are by these notified and ordered 
to acknowl^go you as their commander not only of the RohbejachtjeH^ 
but also of the whole establishment there, and to oIm\v you as 
such, tis if wc were personally present there 



286 

No. 201. 

To the assist samt Jan Wouteffz, at Saldanha Bay. 

IAÖ7. For preraant reasons the Gounoil has decided, that on the 

•»7thJiui r^^ip^ of *^is, you shall hand over all authority to Harmantz: and 
at once, with your wife, proceed on board tne Bohbejachfjen^ m 
which you shall oome hither, as soon as it has its full oareo of 
skins and oil, as all authority and administrative powers have oeen 
entrusted to him by the said Council, as will be seen from his Deed 
of Authority. You are ordered not to oppose yourself in any way 
to this on pain of our highest indignation, &o. 

(Signed) Johan v. Birkf.eck. 



No. 202. 
To Batavia. 

Wh. Send you copy of letter of the Seventeen to us, dated 12tli 

Oct. last, so that you may know their orders regarding this setth'- 
ment. For the rest we refer you to the verbal report which th<* 
Hon. van Ooens will render you regarding the condition of this 
place. He is expeote<i daily in his oa])ac*ity as Gounoillor of India 
and Commissioner for inspecting the Cape Kesidency. 

Wo intend to seDd you with his Honour a large quantity of 
Cape garden seeds now being daily and freshly gathered. 

(Signed) JoHAK V. Risrerck. 



No. 2(K{. 
List of annoxures to the above. 



No. 204. 



To Qerrit Uarmansz, at DwKen Island. 

iitb Ff»i. Ordered to desist from further seal fishing, and at once to return 
to the Cape with his vetMls and his men : the latter to be 
employed here on other work. The skins on hand to be paoked away 
in the house to protect them from the rain. They may afterwards 
be sent for, as the men are much required here at pre s e nt. Tlie 
train oil, however, and the skins already in the veml, they were to 
bring with them. 



287 

The English iron guns and carriages lying on the island^ you l^^T- 
shall place on hoard the flute Hikers^m^ iniioh will bring yon ]|t^^>), 
this note and call at Dassen Island for the purpose ; that is to say, 
if it can he done without delating her voyage. She will take 
them on with her to Batavia. The Skipper shall give yon a 
receipt for them, you may allow him to take for his men as many 
birds and eggs as he may desire. 

(Signed) Johan v. Ribbkrck. 



No. 205. 

Memorandum for the Offioers of the Hiirersum. 

Ton aro to proceed to Dassen Island, to inform the seal fishers 
that they tiro to return to the Cape for other work, as very little 
delay will bo caused in your voyage. You shall also take on boani 
for Batavia the two English guns lying there, that is, if it oan bo 
done without dolay. And you are to give a reoeipt for the same. 



Should you meet the Rol^lMJifrhfjin and the decked boat on the 
way, and wind and weather l>e favourable, you shall order them to 
return imnio<liRtely to Dasson Island with your note*, in order to 
take off thoiioo the niou then», and bring thorn hither. You may 
\\\^i\ iHirsue your voyjigi» without uuneoessary «lelay. 

(Signer!) Johan v. Kikhkkck. 



No. :>0t5. 
To the Seventeen. 

Ship« arri\*als and departures. 

Ilooeived youi*!* t»f the 2l8t Jum* lost year, with a small letter óih iianh. 
from the Hoom übaiu)M*r. dated the <Hh May ; also with the 
llikrr^nii your later «lespatch of the 12th October last 

Prom our betters of the 10th June you will have gathered that 
the rattle trade was fairly properous, but that Henry, the Chuipmen 
and consorts were somewhat bmdering it, as they pretended to act 
ati brokers, and to be the cause of the more distant NaMvss visiting 
u», who without their intercession would never have come down to 
us to tnule. Experience, liowover, taught us the contrary, their 
obje<»t having l)een to enrich themselves and become great masters 
by the said brokemgo, «t rightly rtat^Ml, their intolerable nuisance 
and trickerv. 



288 

1667. Hayinff therefore oonsiderecl the matter, we found, from ex- 

5cb March. Pöriönoe likewise, that the natives of the interior were of a far 
better class than these sharpers, who are more and more getting 
the mastery and becoming more audacious. These distant natives, 
as thej told us themselves, would be more inolinod to visit ui, if 
they were not, in the manner aln^ady mentioned, interfered with 
by the Caapmen, whom they wished us to send about their 
business. 

These Natives have their plaoes which they visit off and on for 
depasturing their cattle, and if the grass of one area has boen 
eaten off, they procee<l to another, thus travelling over a large 
tract of country, so that one or two yoars elapso before they return 
to the same spot. Twice we ex[)erienced this, and when they 
arrive here a great number of cattle may be bartered from them ; 
80 that if last year we had had a supply of copper, we might have 
obtained from them more than a thousand head of cattle. When 
however, we obtained a supply, and they were informed of it, 
though they were as yet no great distance away, they refused to 
return, but sent word that if they came back, we were to take cart* 
to have a good supply of copper, &o. 

From all this it is evident how little Henry and Caapmen can 
help in this matter, as only now and then they can bring us 
nothing better than a sick ox or sheep that cannot go further, 
endeavouring at the same time to trick us out of everything, where 
and whenever they can, in a friendly or unfriendly manner, shoulil 
they find the chance for the latter oourse. 

It is therefore our opinion that it is of vital interest to the Com- 
pany to make itself master of Henry, the Caapmen and their 
consorts, and deprive them of their cattle, in revenge for the 
murder of the yoimgster, their robberies and frauds in connection 
with the merchandise «entrusted to them, as well as for the 
annoyance incessantly caused by them to the residents, and 
especially to those of the ships calling here. It is certain, 
gentlemen, that if their wings are not clipped in good time they 
will become too bold, for already they dan* to drive away 
from us large numbers of nativ(*s, which is quite different from 
inviting them to us. 

They also dare to assert )>oldly that they are not pleased at our 
ploughing the lands, and using the grass for our own purposes, as it 
always grew for th(*ir i•attlt^ but a^ they sometimes still g<*t a little 
of it, they would let it pass for thr present, provided we did not 
take too uimh of it. They specially began to murmur when 
we commenced to make a trial with agriculture behintl the Table 
Mountain and at iuch a distance from the Fort ; int you may 
vfmceitf hoic matin-H will J'mr hvreajler^ as by multiplying, their 
uuiul>ers are increasing every year, and they m(»nK»ver rob other 



289 

natives of their women, a trick which llerry thoroughly under- i*^?- 
stands, so that he has abready made himself the chief of a fairly 5^ Utaok. 
large horde, and the owner of a numerous herd of cattle which is 
roally the property of the ( 'ompany (as the watermen or beach- 
rangers, who ore ilaily at the Fort, and poor, and with whom 
Ilerry formerly livt^) havo told us; and that not the Saldanhars, 
as Herry pretended, had stolen the Company's copper and tobacco, 
&c., but tnat he had done so, and in a lying mannor made the 
Commander believe that they had been the culprits, and that 
all the oattlo that ho po8sess4»d had be<»n obtained by him 
with those articles of trade entrusted to him. This was 
also our conviction from th«* first, but we dissembled before 
him to see what in course of time might be done by him for 
the benefit of the Company. However, we now perfe<tly seo 
from all his proce4^dings so full of deceit, that it is but as throwing 
oil on the fire, and that he is full of knavery, and that in our 
opinion it will be best to treat him, as well as the Caapmen and 
their consorts, in a different manner ; and hence we expect vour 
further orders on this subject. In the meanwhile we 'shall busy 
ourselves with making the re<loubts and watch-houses on the plain 
behind tlu* Table Mountain, as shown in the annexed chart, in 
onler thus to defend the cultivated lands and the pastures. This 
is a most nei'essary work, and will be complote<l when we receive 
your further onlers regarding Ilerry, the Caapmen and their 
«MHisorts. Until then we shall show them no ill-feeling, but on 
the iY)ntrarV; every friendship in order to keep alive their confi- 
dence in us, that we may afterwards bo able to deal with thorn 
easily as wo please, or otherwise treat them as the Hon. v. Goons 
may «lirect. 

liast year we pointed out how necessary the redoubts an<l watch 
housen were ; we also mentioned that the plants had arrive<l in goo<l 
orrler, as well oh others received afterwards; antl that all w(»re 
growing beautifully, especially the vinos, cherrit»s, plums, walnuts, 
currants, gooseberries and oaks. 01 the alder sf»ed sent, only one 
tree grew. Not a strawl>erry bush or chestnut plant came up. 
Only one pear tree and two willows grew. Uf the orangi» and 
apple trees, obtained from St. Helena, alwut 400 are growing 
beautifully, so that wo hopo that some will i«oon b«'ar fruit, as well 
as the vines and chfTries ; but we have only two of the former and 
four wild sp^HÓmonH of the latter. The grafted tre<*8, obtained 
from private persons, are growing bost, so that you should rather 
tend us of the latter, as well as some fresh alder se«d, if possible, 
with the winter ships, for the reasons alroa<ly mentioned. Thoni 
seed need not be s<»nt, as the kind here is better for enclosing the 
gardens as hinlges. We intend to enclose the Fort in a similar 
manner. We believe tliat alder soo<i in eases MUhI with earth will 
arrive hort» safely, as well as a few }Oung trees. 

V 



290 

1657. Corn, tobaooo, Ac, thrive very well in the plain behind TaUe 

6th Marc:h. Mountaiii, not being so generally exposed to the S.-E. gales. As 
we find that you are in earnest in this matter, we have projected a 
]»innaoe to proceed to Angola for slaves for ourselves, leaving 
further agriculture to freemen (who liave offerwl themselves for 
that purpose) under suoh oonditioos as are laid down in our 
llesolution of the 2l8t Feb., 1657, subject to your approval. 
There is land enough at the Cape fit for the purpose, were it only 
to feed the Company's establishment^^ in India that are in need of 
com. But we want labourers, horses and slaves, without whioh 
very little can be done. The few men that we have can do very 
little, and the work will thus be a trouble and a burden to us. 
Moreover, it is very odious to the Company's servants here to con- 
tinue this kind of work for any length of time, as they appeal to 
the Indian Ciuitom, viz., that the soldiers shall only be employed 
on expeditions and guard, from which latter they are to be excused 
if they labour during the day. But as you are now pleased to 
provide us with slaves, there will be sufficient means for prosecut- 
ing the work, whioh we have found will answer well. 

According to your onlers we have carefully considered this 
matter, and been very diligent in carrying it out. We would als<> 
like to make a trial with sugar cane, and have therefore ordent I 
some from Batavia. For the same reason we ask 3'ou to send us 
some mulberry trees, in order t> make a trial with silk culture 
according to the Tonkin or China fashion. Hence we would also 
expect some worms, if it be possible to bring any hither. 

Bees are in abundance here, so that if the fareemen are pro- 
vided with <^m, it is to be hoped that honey and wax will also 
be obtained. 

We have observeil that it is also your object to br«ed a large 
number of cattle here. We are doing our be«t for that object, but 
as gradually more is being required as refreshments for the ships 
than what we are able to bcu-ter, there is not much chance of an 
increase, and the more so, as the natives from the interior did not 
come do^'n to us this season, and nothing can be obtained from 
Herry, the Caapnien and their consorts, as often mentioned. 

Butter has not been a success hitherto, as ten cows here hardly 
yield as much milk as half of what one yields in the Fatherland. 
In the dry season often no milk at all. Besides, as already stated, 
the cattle are nsed up for the ships, so that not many are left for 
milking. Cheese made here is very poor stuff, and will not keep, 
nor can it be made, for the reasons stated, in sufficient qiuintity. 

The mainstay hero will be wheat-growing, 4c. 

As already m«'ntioned, there are enough vegetables and ground 
fruit for the ships the whole year through, and if we had had 
slaves anil horses we would have done much more, and been 
enabled to have provided for ourselves a long while ago ; but as 



291 

we have not yet been able to obtain them, we have continued to ^^^ 
remain in want. This oondition will not be improved before we ^ Harch 
are supplied as requetted. Through want of slaves we have 
already been obliged to abandon works taken in hand; for 
instance, the lands that we have dug up for winning acclimatised 
seed com. This we could not («ontinuo for want of hands, as 
there are no hirelings to bo obtained here an everywhere in India, 
as the natives here cannot be induced to work, whatever we may 
give them. Sometimes, when it pleases them, they fetch some 
wood for the cook, but they cannot always be induced to do so, as 
when the whim seizes them, they suddenly run away, so that 
slaves are indispensable here to carry out what you have particu- 
larly ordered regarding eultivation. 

Freemen without slaves or horses would also be unable to do 
anything in the shape of agriculture, but if provided with them, 
they would, with the help of Ghxl, be able to cultivate whatever is 
required, seeing tliat com jrrows as well behind the Table Mountain 
as anywhere at home. 'Die same may be said of tobacoo, from 
which not one leaf had been torn, as no winds or squalls affect 
that spot. Hence if we only had slaves, horses and asses for the 
work, we would, with the blessing of God, be able to rear as much 
grain as you may be plea.sed to ortler us, and which we believe 
with you could be conveyed to Batavia in our vessels without 
extra expense. Moreover, we would be able to supply other 
articles for India, so that less will be requiretl for the outward 
I)ound at home and the return ships from India. We might be 
able to provide them with bread, barley, and peas, malt brandy, 
&a ; but evervthing depends on our being supplied with slaves 
and horses. There is sufEcient land for agriculture, and so rich 
that they are more easily eultivate<l than those of Formosa. 

Batavia is often in want of ri<«, so that if agriculture be taken 
in hand here, it would be an excellent thing, as Batavia could be 
supplied by us with grain by means of the outward bound. 
Uence if you are as earnest on this subject as expressed in your 
letters, success will be certain with Qod in the van. According to 
your instructions, we have considered the matter ripely and made 
complete experiments in every way ; so that if you assist us with 
slaves, horses and asses, there are many here who understand 
farming, and are prepared to be<'ome freemen. They have alreaily 
been divided into two (olonies or companies, and if assisted with 
slaves, horses and asses, they will make rapid progress, judging 
from their beginnings, better than can be achieved by the Com- 
pany's servants, who have other work to do, so that, with your 
permission, it will be time to excuse, especially the military, from 
work of that nature, and as in India, confine fliem to their legiti- 
mate duties, leaving those who labour exempt from night duty, to 
which at present the one as well as the other who labours during 

v2 



292 



Ui^7 



tlio «lay 18 still Bubjöot. This cannot woU be avoided if the work 
5Ui March ^^I'^^y ioue ifl not to go to ruin, and mufit continue until we 
receive slaves. In that case», the freemen will without doubt com- 
mence the cultivation of grain with great zeal, as there is sufficient 
suitable land for the purpose, so that there is i\ chance of soon 
raising wheat hcTC, as well as distUling brandy for the lower 
servants as is done at Wesep, so that the return fleet will be 
excuse<l from bringing us any arrack. The waali would come in 
very useful for the fattening and breeding of pigs, which have 
hitherto been impossible, as we have generally been soberly pro- 
vided with food for the men. Against this it might be said that 
the pigs might be fed on roots ; this is true, but as we are gene- 
rally short handed, we have not been able to do more than wo have 
done, for during the short time that we have been here, we have 
worked so well that we have been able daily and abundantly to 
refresh the thousantls of men annually passing here in the Oom- 

f»any's vessels, with garden and ground fruit, and also supply them 
or the further voyage with as much as they could consume. An 
idea may l)e formed of what there must be already, when there aie 
fi-eijuontly 14 or 15 vessels on the roadstead for 10 or more days, 
which are daily abundantly supplied. This is especially the case 
during the months of February, March and April, when the shij»8 
arrive here rapidly after each other, each carrying hundre^ls of 
jwi-sons, so that we ask whether it is not break-ne<*k work to keep 
things going with so few hands. We would also Ix* glad if we 
could breed any pigs, as we cannot always obtain cattle from th«' 
natives when we want them or in the condition required, but 
hitherto we have had no food for them. Acoonlingly, we did our 
b«»8t a*4 a first 8t<i» to secure an abundanc*» of garden and ground 
fi'uit, as refreshments for tho passinfi; vessels, which, thaoK God, 
has beon so Mic-cf^fsful, and is making further happy progress. But 
to find food for pigs w^ will l>e at our wits* ends without slaves, 
horses, or asses. Should we be supplii^d with them, there wul be 
no further want, but on the i-ontrary, abundance of everything. 

Fowls and du«ks have long sinc<* be«»n distributed among the 
manned folks, that they may bre^nl them for their own profit and 
the r mvenlenoe of the «ailing vessels. The freemen nave alsv 
been allownl this privilege, so that they are already increasing 
rapidly, and l>etter than if a servant of the Comi>any were set 
aside to attend to them. For every one tries to make jiroflt out of 
them, whilst a (^)mpany's servant, not having the same advantage. 
In not so careful in minding them. Their inorease, however, 
also mainly de|»ends on the development of agrieultnre, for as we 
have often enough said, we have hitherto remain«Hl soberly pro- 
vide<l with f«K>d for our people, becaus«* as a nde, very little rice is 
sent to us from India, and not mueh con Ite obtained! from the 
shi{>s, esjiecially barley, peas, &c. We would otherwise have 



293 



ItióT 



cstiuugh, 00 well ti0 an abiuidauce of pigi^i f<»r which at premmt wo 
have no food, ho that often we were obliged to kill them for our ^^ MhwJi. 
own neceesitieH Tlie breeding of hens has therefore hitherto been 
impossible, as long an agrieulture is in the present ntate. The 
Utter is now bein^ taken in hand by freemen, but it will only be 
succecsful when horses, slaves and asses have been obtained. 
Everything de})ends on this. Slaves may no doubt l>e obtained 
from Angola. 

Asses might bi» obtain^nl from the Canary or Salt Islamls if you 
were only to order 2 or 15 yarht» to tall th»*it' for the express 
puqiose, as they will otherwise not in s<». This was proved in the 
case of the Prlna'ast' Rot/ml and Voge/cnmHyh^whivh. calle^i, the one 
at St. Vincent and the other at Ilhe de May, but did not bring 
thenct* a single one. The offic^'rs coolly excused themselves by 
saying that they (lid not think that wt* n'ouired any, but that if 
they had another oj»portunity they would i)riug in a ship full. 
Thus they talk as long as they an* h*Te ; also promising to urge 
the QovtTnor-General and Couucilloi-s of India to s<»ud us horses, 
but as soon as they are at Uatavia they do just the conti-ary by 
diêsuading tlieir Honours from sending us any, in order not to be 
burdened with them on l)oaixl. This we believe to be the chit»f 
n*ason why we have hitherto not been i>rovide<L W»» have there- 
fore no longer any wish to importune the High GK)vernment on 
this subject f«'aring their displeasure, as it seems that the ofBcei-s 
passing this place aic «-ontinually r«'iK)rting tlu* contrary to what 
we write, though we have sufHcient evideuci^ that tlit'ir Uonours 
ïirc favourably disj^jbcd towardb j^rauting our re4uest. 

In your general despatch of the 12th April Uxbi you say that 
you will not be able to supply us with any deals, for the reasons 
stated by you ; and that we ar«' to obtain what we want from the 
forests here. This we might do if w(» only had slaves, but as w<* 
are at present building a jetty, which will requirt* more than a 
thousand planks, we cannot do it as long as we have no slavee. It 
is heavy work for the men, few as they are in number; hence if 
ptjtsible, you should send for only one year in each vessel of the 
respective ehaml^ers, two or three hundreil gooil thick Norse beams. 
This would help us completely, as the jetty, iude]>endent of the 
foitifloations, entails very heavy work, and is very necessary, aa it 
will save the health of the men who art* now always falling ill 
between this and Batavia. Uitlierto they had been obliged to 
stand nakeil up to their necks in th«* cold sea water in order to fill 
their watt*r casks and take th>in on )>oard. But when the jetty is 
tinii>hed, and which will extend about 500 feet into the sea, they 
will b«' able, whether at high t)r low water, to btrp out of their 
boats on to a <lry pl.it f<»rm. till their casks r;ibily and ship them. 
The jetty is nearly fiuislie^l ; it has been made of thousands of 
heavy bi^ms made into cases and sunk into the sea with heavy 



294 



1GJ7. 



^ rooks. After that they were coupled together with strong beams 
6th MÏii-ch. bridge-wise. It will be a strong and durable work which could 
not be made at home for half a ton of gold (f50,000 = 
£4,166 138. 4d.), but which your servants here are performing 
during their leisure time. We expect you therefore to obli^ ns 
with a good number of strong deals which are urgently required, 
as not many can be obtained from the outward bound vessels. 
For the present we shall endeavour to make the jetty temporarily 
fit for use by making gangways over it for the convenience of the 
May ships which will most of all require it, as they will arrive 
here in tlie coldest season; but as often the deals in the large 
vessels arf» stowed far down, we can seldom get any without shift- 
ing tiie cargoes and thus delaying their departure. Moreover 
thei-e are sometimes very disobligmg skippers, who prefer their 
own convenience and seldom put out a hand, even should it be fur 
the benefit of tlie Company. We therefore firmly depend on your 
assistance, which will greatly comfort us. 

Amongst other things we intend to start a fishery near the 
jetty, that we may daily have fresh fish for the garrison and the 
8hi})s ; we have already cut some beams and spars for the purpose 
in the forest, but if we had more hands the work would have 
progressed more rapidly. Slaves are therefore urgently required, 
as with their assistance abundance would soon be obtained. 

From the despatch of the Seventeen dated the 12t^ October 
last we gather that the Hon. v. Ooens has received express 
instructions to inspect affain» bore ; we shall, according to your 
oinlers, lay everything open before him. This has boen our wihli 
a long while, as we have been informed of his coming by the shi]« 
fri«*nd8 of tlie H, Louyac, Paarl, itc, as you will see from our 
dt'^patch of the 14th Aug. last year to India, in which the follow- 
ing occurs : — And as we expect the Hon. v. Gh)ent here every day, 
to whom we intend verbally to <*ommunicate everjrthiug <'onnectéd 
>vith the Oajx», we shall abruj^tly close this, <Sc. 

From the above it is evident how it was our intention to oom- 
rnunicate everything to him, before we had been informed of bis 
commission. For when he was last here he did not tire of inspect- 
ing everything, reporting the results to you and the Hi^h Gk>v6m- 
ment in India. His rehim hither as Gonunissioner is therefore 
the more agreeable to us, as he is not only well acquainted with 
Indian affiurs and usages in consequenoe of his long stay there, 
but also with your ohief intentions regarding this place. He will 
therefore be able to provide us with better instructions and advice, 
cspfN-ially renirdinff matters of which, on account of inexperience, 
we were hitherto ignorant ; that one thing and another may be 
improved, and we may act ac<'ordingly without scruple, &c. 

Ah soon as we sliall have obtained male and female alavci fron^ 
Angola with the above mentioned pinnace, we belieTe that it will 



295 

then b»» the right time to lay the foundations for private agricul- *''**^'- 
ture, and should some of tht'se agrioulturista marry the women, .-^^i, Manh. 
they will be ni<^Iy bound to tho Cape for life, and be further 
mooommodated with slaves on credit. It is our opinion that this will 
also lay a good foundation for a young colony as regards agrioul- 
ture; and as you order ua to assist the freemen, we shall not 
nefflect to do so, but endeavour to realize your purpose, as you 
win sec* from our resolution of the 25th Feb. last, which shows 
how we have aln^ady commenced with the newly ostablishcd 
freemen, who, during this season, will be able to prepare as much 
land as will be required for the seed won by ourselvas, as well as 
for other kinds of seeds that we have in stook, and whatever more 
may roach us with the autumn and winter ships. 

As they have urgentl}' requestcnl us to beoome free, we the more 
readily complied. They a]»p<'ar to be heartily bent on their 
diflicult work, liopiue to obtain good profit from it. This we also 
foresee for them. Yea, they have made each other so enthusiastic 
that we have not sufficient implements for them, or oxen for their 
ploughs. Hen(»e we have bf»en obliged to refuse free papers to a 
good many, for the present at least, or until the arrival of slaves 
and horses in sufficient numbers, which if we had, we would 
soon command a considerable number of freemen, and an abiuidance 
of everything, so that the Cape would not only be able to supply 
itaelf, but also other places besides. Of our success we hope to 
inform you next year. 

Because of the multitude of wild ducks, geese, &c , we have had 
a bird trap dug with two passiiges (pymn), about IJ Dutch miles 
distant from the fort behind the Table Mountain and the level 
plain, which we have sown with seeds of fine tret«, collected for 
the purpose, and wliioh in a year's time grow up closely together 
one and a half or two fathoms high ; after tliat, however, they do 
not grow much taller, so that they will be very fit for the purjM»se. 
We therefore request you to send us some re<l ''hontiens*' 
(Phoentjes = wildfowl^, and decoy ducks trained for the purpose, 
and which wc uould tiien breed here for the pur]>o8e. Tne birds 
here are goixl for food and will be of great service to the ships ; so 
that if our request be granted wc may do without the t wo hunters 
at present employed for the purpose of obtaining game. The trap 
mieht be leased to the freemen, that more birds might be caught, 
and the trap itself properly careil for. The binls will save mef, 
pork and salt meat, <&c. 

W<' have also made a trial at brewing, which to all appearances 
will succeed very well in the (^t)ld season, at we have already 
obtained some yeast (geet) which is generally a failure in warm 
lands. 

The men engagutl in the seal fishery, who left here in the 
Hili^rsutn on the l^th Feb. last, wo have ordered back for the 
work here. 



296 

l'ijT. w^j Imxe ;is yvi liuard nüthiDg of tho secoud oxpcHlitioa of tUe 

.'>tli IkEucU Tnij) which left for Madagascar ou tho loth Aug, IGol. Wo 
sent the galiot Nachtgla^ on tlie 15th June to Batavia tia that 
island and Mauritius in order to make a search for the said Tnlp. 
She ('r^ had not yet) arrive<l at Batavia before the dei>arturo thence 
of thcM" öix early return ships, but we ho]>e to hear certain news 
with the three other vessels expected. God grant that it may be 

gOlKl. 

After a long and painful voyaco of 14 months the galiot Aifp^ /- 
hoom at last roachecl Batavia, ohe had not called at the Cai>e. 
God grant that we may hear the same news regarding the Tfffp, 
for which we anxiously jiray. 

It is very convenient tnat you continually advise us regarding 
the nimil>er of ships despat'^hed each season by the respective 
Chambers, for it enables us to regulate our refreshments acoori- 
mgly, esi)eeially as regards cattle, so that each vessel may obtain 
what it requires. 

Garden produce is always abmidant the whole year through, 
and will become even more abundant now that the freemen an* 
cultivating their plots, so that the garrison will be also a consider- 
able gainer, whilst pigs ran now also be had. 

Since the departure of your last return shins under the ilag of 
the Uon. Sarcerius, no Frenchmen have callea here. 

The English vessels that touched here were the yaoht Goo*i Will 
from Ma^ulipalnain with coast linen and saltpetre. She arrive<l 
on the '»rd and left on the loth June for London, with our letters 
of the loth June. The Eyrl ( Hedgehog) ^ and Olivv Branvh from 
London, arrived on the 3rd October last, destined to Surat and 
Bantam. 

Tliey sometimes i)ester us very much for cattle, often threatening 
u8, that if we refuse, they will pnx-eed inland, and as they were 
accustomed to do before this obtain cattle from the natives in a 
friendly way or otherwise, de^H^nding on the oommission of their 
** Protector/' which according to them, extends even as far as this 
Uut what your opinion and onlers may be on this subject, we shall 
be vrrv ghid to know, and further, if they cannot in a friendly 
manner be dissuaded from carrying out their threats, and whether 
we may resist them by fon-e, that the rights of the Company here 
may not bo usurp<il by them. 

Also wlietli» r they or other foreigners shall be allowed, without 
payment of a toll, to fish here ahmg the sliore and in the rivers. 

And when the jetty is finished whether they should not pay 
^om<'thiug for fetching water, as their shi|»8 as well as our own will 
Iiuv.' thr Ijcnctit nf it; so that their men ne<'d no longer go uj» to 
\\\ ii licvks in tlic water to fill the water casks. 

Also anchorage money, just as is required of our nation in their 

liarbour> evrrv where, and how much 



297 

It is uot uurc^asonabb' that f()r»»ijj:aüni t^hould pay tomothing lo *^^^- 
the jetty for tlio privilege of obtaining water from it. You liave ^^j^ Man-n. 
to boar the costs of its erection and maintenance, so that it is uot 
uufair that strangers should ])dy something for the convenience 
afforded them, that the exixnise may to a certain extent be covered. 
Moreover, the more tliey are handicapped hero in one way and 
another the less inclination they will fi^l to call here. 

Wo shall not require more than 1*20 men for the protection of 
the Fort and the nnloubts, as the freemen aud the slaves expected 
will greatly relieve us : otherwise the works cannot b» kept going, 
aud nothing further can be taken in hand. 

The annexed invoiecb will show what seal and other skins have 
been shipped to you. 

(Signed) Johan van Riekesck. 



No. 207. 
To Ajusterdam. 

Uei-eivid your letters of 23rd March, 9th Mtiy and 'Jlst June 
last ; also in fair condition the seeds and plants. . . . Ships* 
affairs. ... Of the siek left here during this year and cf tne 
garrison, not more than eight luive died. . . . Refer you to our 
g.»uerul dc:*i»al(li reganling the development of agriculture and the 
verbal and impartial reports of the Coni{)any*8 officials who have 
ealli»<l here. The wi'c of Sergeant Jan van Ilarwarden arrived 
>alely in ihv PritiosMr Hoyarl. He has Ix^n debited for her 
passage with f 128. Most of the seeds and planta havt^ sprouted 
and an) safe, except the fir trees. Some others should be sent, as 
well as seeds to see whether the latter will not be more sucoessfid ; 
as we have found in the case of other plants that the first attempt 
was a failun% whilst the second sueoeeded. 

The hoi» plants were growing nicely but afterwards died without 
producing any see<l, so that we can as yet tell you nothing certain 
about 1>e<»r browing. We iiop* for success if we am cmly ffrow 
hops Ther»' is sufficient ehanw here, vl» at Weesp, to distil 
brandy from corn. 

The horse-radishes were all spoilt, because paoked in close caaka; 
if they had been sent over in tubs or eases paoked in sand md 
ex{>08ed to the air and sometimes wetted, they would have arrived 
in good onler. This we did in our passage out in the Ihvpnmeffart'ê^ 
when, besides other vegetables, we made a fine sidad of the leaves 
for nur refreshment. Moreover, since our arrival we have so 
multiplied the plant that it i> almost obtainable in abundance, to 
servf your pur looses. 

We obtained seven rabbiU with the Pruw*-^* Roya**L the mala 
of which unfortunately dietl. so that the females, placed on Bobben 



298 

^^"- IsLuid, oaunot breed. It will then»fore bo necessary to seud ub 
ÓÜ1 Marolt, ^^^ more, esDeoially more than one male. They will no doubt 
thrive very well there. Daaeen Island, howerer, on account of the 
stench of the dead seals is unfit for them. According to your 
orders we keep none here on the Continent, lest they damage the 
gardens and crops. 

As we are ourselves as a rule hitherto very soberly provided 
with provisions, we have not been able to breed any pigs, which 
would die of hunger, as we can get but little rice firom Batavia. 
We have, however, nuooeeded in rearing about forty, mostly of the 
8t. Helena kind, but about ten times that nimiber have died as we 
could provide no food for the old or young. But when cultivation 
has adVanced, and developed bv means of slaves, &c., we shall soon 
be able to rear 8wine in abundance, as well as fowls, ducks, geese, 
&c., for which also we have hitherto had insufficient food, so that 
we were obliged to eat them. Everything therefore depends on 
agriculture, which, however, cannot be developed without slaves, 
horses and asses, as we have more in hand at present than we can 
keep going with the few men at our disposal. It is therefore 
urgenuy neoessarv and high time that your resolution to obtain 
slaves from Angola be carried out, so that we may be able to carri- 
on the work here according to your intentions durine the three 
years that we are still to remain here ; and if you could decide to 
send us for the present with every ship of the different chambers 
ten or twelve casks of barley and peas, until we have grown 
enough for ourselves, there would be a chance of breeding pigs, 
fowls and geese in great abimdance ; but as lon^ as we are so 
iK)berly provided with stores for the men, this will be impossible. 
We might certainly feed the pigs on carrots, but more men would 
l>e required to prejMire the ground for the purpose than are 
iiece*8iiry for grain, i^c 

I had my eye on the root *' uisy " already before I left home, in 
order to lay before you the profits in an unexpeotad nuumer. 
Hence, when I arrived here, i at once made investigations as I 
was well acquainted with the plant in consequence <if my frequent 
visits to Japan, whence I had even brought some for my own use, 
and which I have still with me, but the plant here is not the same, 
though it is very similar having also a somewhat aromatic flavour, 
tasting somewhat like aniseed and parsnip, as vou may perceive 
from me annexed sample, which, if compared with the real J^ian 
*^ nisy " will at once undeceive you ; bendes, if I had found it to 
be really '*nisy/' I would ere this have endeavoured to earn 
honour and favour from the Company in consequence of it, but my 
intentions have been frustrated. I trust, however, that I have 
secured your favour in other ways, and to cam it further by 
zeal in your service for which may the Almighty bo pleased to 
give me His blessing and the required knowledge. These roots 



299 

may possibly have s';me medicinal virtues and find a market at ^*^*- 
home ; hence we have ^ven it the name of Cape ** nisy." Should .^ji, ManJi. 
any profit be derived from it, please let us know, as we have an 
abundance of it here. 

Acooiding to your orders we have written to the India Council 
to supply the Cape with tamarind, at the some time giving our 
opinion on the subject, viz. : that as you believe that it will 
improve the health of the orews between the Cape and India (see 
our despatch of 13th December, 1650), but that in our opinion it 
will be a burden to the return ships, like the provisions for this 
place and that the departing ships take away with them as many 
roots, cabbages, &c., as thev may use for many days at sea, we 
believe that tamarind may be excused, especially as the outward 
bound are so well provided with prunes wnich are so serviceable 
for the preservation of the health of the crews, and ma^ last as far 
as Batavia. Besides for the same purpose more rice might be sent 
us, instead of tamarind, which, if we do not require it for ourselves 
might be used as cargo for the Angola and Madagascar trade, as 
well as for the necessities of Mauritius. The return fleet may 
bring it without expense. It certainly, Mith the tamarind, will 
take up a large spaoe in the return ships, but that we leave to your 
wiser judgment. 

When Mr. Uvckloff van Qoens arrives, he will, as Commissioner, 
be received with the proi>er respect, and everything will be laid 
bare before him. 

Regarding my promotion and increase of pay, I have the honour 
to express to you my sincere thanks, which 1 likewise respectfully 
tender to all the Chambers, and above all to the Hon. the Boaid 
of Direetors, to whom I have expressed m^ gratitude in a private 
letter, as well as for the expression of their satisfaction with my 
services here. 

The gooilh sent us in the Paarl will be of no service here, but 
we shall endeavour to get rid of them at Angola or Madagascar. 
The beet menhandise for the natives at the Cape is copper and 



tobacco (see liequisitions). 



(Signed) Johan van Bibbe£ck. 



No. 208. 

Petition for Merchandiae for cattle barter. 

10 very thin yellow copper plates. 

100 thick yellow cupper plates as iu previous years. 

150 rings of thin copper wire. 



300 



For the nwu'f* cloth iny. 

**'"• 2 pieoüs black and 2 pieces grey cloth. 

5iii ^Urolw 1'^ piece« serge, iuoludiug 4 or o pieoes flue serge " de chalon " 

for women's clothing and for the chief officials. 
oO lV>s. »ilk, among them some dark grey and black. 
50 Ibe. white and grey and 50 lbs. red, green, blue and yellow 

cotton thread. 
600 pieces dry and 50 pieces Spanish shoes strongly made. 
300 pairs of linen and 300 pairs woollen stockings. 

Various Necessaries. 

Some stock locks and cabinet locks. Urge and snudl, as it 
oosts us too much time to miike them here, hindering as 
they do, more important work. 

3 or 400 good strong and heavier iron shod spades than those 
sent previously. They are very much wanted. 

100 ditto garden spades. Those sent previously were found 
too weak. 

6 kegj* of steel for himx)w work, as expressly hanl axes arr 
required for tht' hard forest wood, and the ordinary staff 
steel, according to the smiths, is too soft for the purpose. 

A good quantity of tin to bt* sold to the married families for 
their convenience, namely dibhes, plates, small basins, 
mustard jx^ts, salt cellars, sikwiks, &c., as they are Vkay 
much in want of them. 

Also some metal tmd iron pots, {>ans and other kitolicu 
utensils. 

2 kettles with thoir helmets for distilling brandy, as is don^^ 
in Weesp, s^) tliut we «uiv dispense with amk'k from 
Batavia, and gradually help ourselves in every way, &a\ 

1 case with all kinds of brushes, scrubbing brushes and Turks 
heads, white washers' brushes, Mui wakens' (long- 
handled scrubbing brushes (*:^ mops) for the Uompany and 
the public. They have previously been ordered, but 
have not yet been rnoeived. 

1 case with large and small sized paper and quills. 

6 ploughs, viz. : 2 Dutch, 2 * Doense, (Danish) and 2 Brabant. 

12 pairs of hides for flails. 

24 scythes for mowing eom, of the smallest kind. 

IH fans. 

20 corn shovels, I sieve riddles, 1 handy horse mill, if one has 
not already been >cnl. 

l0(l wheel barruwü with a d(»ublt^ number of axles and wheeU. 

20 cheese vessels of «livei*s sizes. 20 * monden,' 2t» lbs. glue. 

8 lb6« êal ammoniac, 6 Ib^. borax. 



801 



For the Masons and Oarpenten. 

40 or 50 tuufl of oepient; 25 trowels; lO'Oalcx) houwm'; ^^' 

10 ditto shovols. 6tb March 

100 rBpf lines and rolls ; 50 plummote. 

For Agrioulture. 

All kinds of Fatherland fruit trees, among them also 

ohestnuts, &o. 
Ijaurel. Olive trees will also vory likely thrive liere. 

Mulberry trees and silk worms, to see whether we can prodnoe 
silk here as in Tonquin and Japan. It may \ye as suooessful 
here as in the latter place where it is abimdantly culti- 
vated, in addition to what that nation obtains from the 
Coiu|)any and tho Chinese; all which find a r«»ady 
market among them. It may bo tricMl with little 
difficulty. 

Rose trees. 
Wheat seed. 
Juniper treos. 
Metllars, &c. 

Ash and elder tree seods in ]>nxes with soil ; most and pine 

treos. 
Hop jilants and seo^l. 

Six or eight (jmirtii-s dry hops, in onlor as so«)U as jM>8sibIo to 
make an attmpt at browing. 

<» tuns ol short h«'avy oats will U* grxnl for making oat 

barley. 
i') tuns of new or frosh Zealand white beans or climbers, and 

some white New Zealand wheat. 

f) tuns of green peas but no white ones, as we obtained last 
year a little from the Rottonlam ships whioh we found 
to suoof^l well and much better than the white kind. 

•J tuns votch. I vory good for the 

•J tuns *• lies '' ( horses, &o. 

s or ton large liaikney horses and mares, but only two 
st.J lions in onler to get into the br«»ed, and for ploughing 
purj)os»'s and othor heavy work, as we have not yet 
suc<H'o<lo<l with the young oxen, and in con.sequenoe of 
tho Bantam war no horsescan l>o obtained from Batavia, 
all U'ing re4|uire<l there fr)r cavalry purjx>sos, according 
to l»'ttt»rs re<N'iv:Ml fnan tho < rov^rnor-Oonoral and Council 
thert' 



302 



No. 209. 



\t'ü. Lists of annezures to the preceding despatoh, for Amsterdam. 



5tb Muri^li. 



No. 23. Charts and drawings 



No. 210. 



List of annexiires to the preceding despatch, for Zealand. 
No. 15. ChaHs and drawings. 



No. 211. 
List of annoxnres to the preceding despatch, for Delft. 



No. 212. 
List of annexnres to the preceding despatch, for Rotterdam. 



Nos. 213 and 214. 

Lists of annexnres to the preceding despatch, for Uoom and 
Enckhuysen. 



No. 21o. 

To Batavia. 
•i'^th March. Thongh we are still occupied in assisting the Hon. Commissioner 
Van Goens in his inspection of Cape affairs, we cannot omit send* 
ing you this small letter. . . . Ships affairs. . . . After the 
departure of the return fleet, there arrived here from the Father- 
land on the 17 th and 18th instant the ships Orangie (havinff on 
board the Hon. van Goens aforesaid), and toe Malacca ; both nom 
the 'Vlie' on the 23rd Nov. last. Exduaive of women and 
children the first carried 389 men, and the second 338; all, 
excepting 2 or 3 in good health. 

For the rest we ruer you to the present accompanying letter of 
the Hon. van Gh)ens, and the report which that Commissioner will 
afterwards submit to you. . . . 

(Signed) Johax v. Richeeck. 



No. 216. 
list of annexures to the above. 



1667. 



No. 217. 
To Batavia. 

On the Sist of Maroh laat arrived here from Madagaaear the 
Fronoh return ship I^e MartseJia/, Admiral Monsieiir La Roa, I2tli April 
whi(?h passed here last year from France. Hhe had been in the 
Roil Sea and, as far as we oould rather, had captured there a 
small Moorish vessel, bound from Mooha to Surat, with cloth^ 
pieces of eight and musk. The doth they had exchanged on the 
island Suocotora for civet and aloes, with whioh the veasel is 
principally laden. Shn is bound to Nantes. In consequence of 
the want of sails and other necessaries, they had been obliged to 
Wve the other three vessels at Madagascar, where they had 
beached them, so that they had become total wrecks. About 400 
of their men had died, so that they appear to have had a fruitless 
and useless voyage, and done nothing very particular, as you will 
l)A able to hear more fully from Mr. van Goens himself. 

With this vessel arrived 4 sailors of the Galiot Tttlp^ whioh 
between the 1st and 2nd December, 1655, had in the Biver 
Calamboule in Madagascar, when she had taken in her full oareo 
of rice, and was ready to leave the next day, been completely 
d«*stroyod in a hurricane. The men, however, and a portion of the 
«iirgo were saved. After this disaster thirteen of the men died on 
tlio islancK including the skipper, the junior merchant Yerburgh, 
the mate and the assistant Conielis van Heyningen ; so that only 
to survived, viz : the 4 that anived here in the French ship, and 
the six that are still on Madagascar at the French Fort * Tolonhare' 
or * I)ol]>hyn,* taking care of the goods that had been savetl. Tlie 
Hon. van Goens will be able to give you further particulars. . . . 

(»Signed) Johan v. Uikhkkik. 



No. 218. 
list pf aunexures to the above despatch. 



No. 2VJ. 
To the Dirootors at Amstonlani or Middelburg. 

Ships affairs. This letter sent by the French ship the Marv%ehat mth Ai*nl 
vvliich is proc'ecMling to Nantes, whence it will be forwarded 
to you. 

Acoonliu^ to ein*umstanceH affairs hen» are fairly* pros]»erous. 
VVith the thn*«* t*hips still expecte<l wo shall again write. 



304 



ir.57 



Arrival of the MmrRvhal^ her doings in the Re<l 8oa ; the state 
i3th^prii ^^ ^^^ three other vessels at Madafi^ascar (see preceding despatch). 
The two hundred survivors left behind on that island, so that 
they will have little inolination to undertake a second voyage. 

ITie taking of Colombo has much delighted us, and whilst still 
having peace with the Mattaram, we trust that affairs will now get 
into better trim. . . . 

(Signed) R. van Goens. 

JOHAN VAN RlBBKKCK. 



No. 220. 
To Uatavia. 

isTii A|»ri]. To say much of Cape affairs now would be superfluous, as the 
Hon. ▼. Goens on his arrival will bo able ^o ffive you detailed 
information. (See also copy of our despatch to Uie Directors). . . . 
We s<'nd you by this opportunity 24 Rhinooeroe horns and 12 
large and small bags with different kinds of Cape garden seeds. 

Aft«r careful inspection and deliberation regarding the best 
manner in which to attain the Company's chief object, vis. : the 
raising of wheat and the obtaining of cattle in g^at abtmdanoe, it 
was finally decided that the surest way would be to out a canal ten 
fi et broad and six t«M>t df»«'p through the isthmus between Table 
and False Bays, and fortify it with some small ravelins and 12 
redoubts, as will be seen from the annexed chart, drawn by the 
Hon. van Goens, which would oonfine within the limits of the 
Peninsula such Hottentoos aH an* siifBciently rich in cattle, and 
have always hindered us from trading with the real Saldanhars, 
viz. : flerry, Caepmen, or the big and the black captain ; so that 
they may be kept under proper control and we may make with 
them such bearable conditions as may be practicable, and at the 
same time trade with the Saldanhars at the redoubts, keepinfl^ the 
Cape tribes away from them that our trade may not be niDoered. 
Tlic Hon. van Goens will explain the matter more fully to you, 
and inform you of the instructions left behind by him here. . . . 

(Signed) Johan van Rikbbrck. 



No. 221. 
List' of aunexmvs to the preci*ding despatch. 



To tho Soveiitoon. 



305 

1W7. 

No. 222. 'jstii April. 



Ships* arriyals and departures. Tho iilnnts sent \i» by tlie8«^ 
Tassels have moBtly arrived in good condition, so that no more netnl 
be sent, as enough are growing for us to get into the kinds. It 
will however be a good thing if you wero to send us a large quan- 
tity of wheat, rye and oats for 8<>^ving in onler the sooner to havo 
abundanoo, as we are at present* sotting aiside ever\'thing in onler 
to take in hand with united strength the oultivation of wheat, 
hoping to get about 100 niorgon of land under the plough, whilst 
the freemen will have fully half of that quantity ready for sowing. 
We shall however not l)o able to sow more than 27 or 28 morgen 
through want of soed, so that we shall require fully 20 lai^ts, the 
half oonsisting of wheat and the half of rye, oats and barley. If 
wp only hod draft oxen and hor«es in suftident numbers many 
persons would have taken out free papers. At present they are 
ten in number, but we have not suflioiont grain for thom, so that 
not too much fresh soed can bo sent us with tho winter ships. 

Commissioner van (>o<'ns has completed his work hero and left 
ns his instiiictions. His letters and papers wo have s<'nt you in 
dai»lioate. We would have also sent you a complete set with this 
littie vessel (tho English ship GoufMom) but as they contain all 
the seorots of this Residency, and we also fear that on account of 
the smallnoss of this eraft she may l>e captured by other nations 
into whoee han<ls our pai>ers would then fall, we did not dare to 
venture it ; sondiai? you instead this brief letter : and the more 
so, as we were iuform<Hl by this Englishman that when ho left 
Batavia on the 'Hst Jan. last, your late return squadron was 
believed to Lmivc» 3 or 4 days later, so that wo expect it overv 
moment. 

He tdso mentioned that liantam was besiegfnibv <> or 8 ships on 
the sea side. There was as yet no difficulty with the Mattaram, 
exoeptinff that he had not yet 0]>ened his harbours for commerce. 
Batavia however was well provi<lod with rice. 

The Hon. van Gk)ons, imme<liately after his arrival carefully 
examined every plaoe and valley, Sm,, and had thom marke<l down 
in a diarty which will reach you with the return fleet oxi)ect<'d. 
But as it may unfortunately pass the Cape, which we do not ho{>e 
hf»wever, we here )>rieHy mention what wo doomed the lM»st to take 
in hand in order to realize ynur object, that we may in gcy^A time 
m«ive your advice on the same. { N.B. — Van RielM»eck mentions 
in dotaU Van Goen*s prr>posal to eut a canal through the isthmus, 
as folly deecribe<l in th»» despatch to Batavia dated I.^th April, 
1657, No. 220). Wo ««xpeot your orders on the suhj^'ct that we 

w 



306 

^^^' may eitliOT begin the woik or not. At leant 1,500 shovels and 
23th April. BPfidt^s will be reqniied; whilst we shall inform you later what 
other tools we may require. 

(Signed) Johan van Bibbbxck. 



No. 223. 
To Batavia. 
2i th April. In his despatch of the 4th (?) 1657, the Directors of the Amster- 
dam Chamber have ordered us to take out of the ship Orangie and 
detain here Harman Hendricx and Jan Dircxe, but as the ship had 
loft two days previously, we decided to mention the matter in this. 

This leaves with the little flute De Vinck^ which arrived here on 
the 19th inst. She is the lightest of this year's equipment, and 
according to your orders and Mr. van Ooeu's instnictions, has been 
despatched to the South Limd, in order witii the greatest prudencf* 
and the least iiossiblo danger to itself, to search for the wrecked 
Drnak. Previously however we likewise oonsidted the skippers 
and master of that vessel and of the flute Vemnhurg (which 
arrived here on the 25th; see our Besolutions annexe^l). God 
grant his blessing on this expedition for the rescue of those unfor- 
tunates, and the prevention of similar disasters. 

Wt» send you our petition for next year. 

Arrival here on the 21st inst. of the little English vessel OouU^ 
UoNi (Marigold). Had left Batavia on the 31st January last. As 
the Captiiin reported that the late retiu-n squadron intended to leave 
throe or four days after he did, we kept back the letters and papers 
of the Uon. van Goens, hoping that the vessels would arrive soon. 
(Oploudoren). We also fear that as the English vessel is very 
small, she may be captured by S^uinifh or Turkish ships which 
iii'o cruising about the Channel, so that our papers would fall into 
tho hands of the lattor. But should our squadron pass the Cape 
^^ itliout calling, wo havt* written hurriedly and by means of the 
alphabet [Y in cipher) and in a small letter communicated to the 
I)ireotors that whioh we deem<Hi should be kept the most secret, 
tliat wo may without dehiy receive their orders accordingly (see 
annexed t'opy of our Aesolutions of the 2f>th instant) aooonling to 
which wo also transferred the two money oliests from the Vinck 
and the Vrttefibunj, so as to prevent loss. 

(Signed; Johan van Riebbsck. 



No. 22:ia 

Petition from India for the Cape. 

S bales guinea linen ; 2 do. blankets ; 2 do. baftas ; 2 do. 
taifechelas ; 1 do. ginghams ; 2 do. mourjrs ; 1 do. talampouris ; 



307 

2 do. sail cloth, for clothing for tho men ; some spices, viz., 1 picol *^"- 
pepper; 121b6. maco; 201h8. cinnamon; and a little cloves for oaii April, 
th«' food of the sick daily separately prepared ; vory much re(iuir<Hl. 

The following we havo askod the Hon. van < teens to ohtAin for 
us: — 

5 or 6 Javans or Chinese «exports in rice planting, and some 
good new paddy with them. 

40 or 50 slaves for tho Cape instead of the same number of 
Angoleso. 

40 or 50 lasts of rit^, if jHissiblo n'a Mauritius and Mada- 
gascar, tluit at the same timi» the men of th«' Tnip 
may bo removed from the latter island ; this would enable 
us t<» save all our gniin for sowing. 

Bam1>0() and coeoa nuts to make a new effort. 

Horses as many as can Ik» sent. 

N.B. — It would be well if we «-ouldlM» provided with new paddy 
in September or Öc^tober, which might be obtained at Madagas<ar, 
as at that time the cold here censes and the warm weather sets in. 



No. 224. 



Instructions for th^ oHicers of the tiute rinck dos])atched in search 
of the wreokt»d shi]» Draak in the South land. 

The loss of the Draak in alwut 'io^' degrees in the said South 
land, many of whose crew have be«^n lofton shorethere inadesolaii» 
state, and have not been found by the flute De Valrk and the 
ya4'ht Ih Goedv IliHtjt ilespatched thither from Batavia on the Sth 
June last, has induee^l the India ifovernment in their letter of the 
4th I>ee. last to «>nler us to «lespateh a sec<»nd e.\|MKiition with one 
of the liglitest vessels arriving from home. This you know from 
the ('ounoil its(»lf as well as from outsi<le, whilst you w«Te present 
when it w;is decided to despatch the Vinch for tlie puq»ose as she 
hjw hof^n eonsiden'd the b<»st for the purpose ; hence you shall leave 
^ïth the first fair wind and endeavour to reach the South land in 
•32r( degreas, where according to the charts you will find anchonige 
at lOO, SO and less fathoms, sand hill country, «•overi^d with tr«»e> 
and bush, thence you shall sail along the shore and lie to during 
the night with small sail, carefully looking out for fires and other 
.Migns, in order to discover the poor ** castaways " or signs of the 
wreck, that you may ilelivt*r them from tlieir misery aud take 
them to Batavia, as well as the sjKxie and such other goo<ls &«i you 
may still be able to re<-over from the wreck without danger to 
vour8»»lves. According to the orders of the ])irectors you are 
besides to be very careful in landing on the South land, and stmly 



308 

W7. good seamanship, boing neyertheleas r^ealoiiB in tho discharge of 
16th May. Y^^^ duty, as, should you disoover the men you will secure great 
honor at Batayia for your good work done on behalf of the poor 
people now being sought for. We further refer you to the printed 
instructions of the Directors regarding the manner in which, and 
the season when the South land may be visited or passed, and 
what rocks, shallows, &c., are to be dreaded there ; and can only 
add that we advise you when reaching those shores always to use 
the lead and carefully to look out for rooks, shallows, &c., as yet 
unknown, writing down everything and laying it down carefully 
in charts for future guidance of the Company's vessels that may 
hereafter visit those coasts. 

And that you may the better understand the intention of the 
iTOvemor-Qeneral and Council of India for the searching for and 
tlie deliverance of the aforesaid miserable men, we have added to 
this an extract from their despatch to us, aa well as a copy of their 
resolution dated the 7th June last, as well as the letter sent by the 
ahip^^Tecked men to their Honours recoivcni by the little boat, all 
which have been sent to us. You may read the whole during the 
voyage that you may th«* better grasp the orders and earnestness 
of their Honours. 

And as we do not hope that we need doubt yoiur zeal, we wish 
you goo<l succ^ess and a saf ' voyage. 

(Signed) Joh an van Riehek<k. 



No. 22o. 



List of papers sent to Batavia in the little flute l)e Vf'nck. 
No. 12. 2 charts, large and small compass (bestek) of the South 
land, taken from the Venenhimj and delivered to the offic«*r8 of iJe 

Vinck. 



No. 22H. 
List of p'i|>er8 sent to ] Batavia in the flute V(*nefthur(j, 



Nr». 227. 
To Batavia. 

Ships' arrivals. The Gfcrotttidê Leeutr brought us from home a 
horse mill and thre<* mill wrights to put it up hurriedly and then 
to proceed to Imlia. We hav»* kept them here and will send them 



t 



309 

on with the fii-at ship of tlie May squadrou to Batavia to put up ^•*7- 
the saw mills there, for wliirh, as they told us, many tools are on ^^^ j|^y, 
boanl tlio May ships. 

W(* have also landed from the (homier Roelant van de Wallo, 
an expert plouehmaker, in onlor to make a large number of 
louffhs to hold in stock, as well as some woo^lwork for wagons. 
n the meanwhile we keep ourselves principally busy with agri- 
culture, which would prosper splendidly if we were not in want of 
draft oxen and horse:». No paius, however, will be spared to get 
on at present as well as possible with the 8ob<T means at our 
dis|x>6al. 

An English vessel, Tin' Mayrfotrrr, anived here on the 9th 
instant from Uoromaudel. She was commanded by William 
Wliite, laden with roast cloth, saltpetre and some sugar. She 
earned 50 men. As we have given up waiting for the arrival of 
the late return squadron, we have decided to entrust her with the 
letter left here by the Hon. van Goens, as well as our further 
despatches to the Seventeen. We trust that they will be safely 
deliven»<l. 

She hiid a very painful voyage hither from the coast of Coro- 
maudel, and suffered great damage in her hull and rigging. 
Moreover, she was »<» ill-provided with supplies that she was 
unable to proceed further. Wr had to repair hrr with th»» assis- 
tance of the ships* carpenters, otherwise sh«' would have been left 
on our hands, one of her si-los being cv)mi»leti^ly knock«*d away hy 
heavy seas off this coast. They offered us >'jme of their largo for 
sale, but as the cloth had been damaged by salt water w»* «lecline^l 
to buy any, so that we decido<l from ('liristiau iharity tj supply 
them with some provisions that they might not perish from hunger 
or want, or play the desperate here. See our annexed i^olution. 

(Signed) Joii.\n van Uikhkrck. 



No. 228. 
List of luipors sont to India in the (Jt/eva^r. 



No. 229. 
List of pa[>ors sent to India in the (Jtrrf^mile Le»:»»»'. 



No. 230. 
To the Seventeen. 

Ships* arrivals. Arrivil «»[ the O/yi /!///•, having on board the 2"th May 

Hon. van Go*jns Ac mling to your order» li»i w.ir» n- eived 

by us with idl iKüsiblc rc'>poot, aul evcrythiug rv^arling this 



310 



•iOtli 



May. 



Residency was laid open before him. He, in the first place, 
examiued the conditious and positions of the lands, valleys, 
mounUiins, bills und harbours of this place, especially the distance 
of tho plain l)etween Table and False Bays, porsonally going out 
every day for the purpose. Having had everjrthing carefully 
surveyed in our presence, he found the distance or breadth of the 
neck between the two bays at the narrowest exactly 5,135 roods, 
or fully 2i Dutch miles of 2,000 roods per mile, right across from 
8. by E. to N. by W. in a straight line from one bay to the other, 
marked off with poles planted 100 roods from each other, to serve 
'as a base along which to mark off the lands which are to be given 
jout in fine well regulated parks, just as a beginning has been made 
iby His Honour with the Harman and Steven Companies. 

But the principal question also was, how to cut off, garrison, or 
protect that isthmus in the least expensive manner for the Com- 
pany, so that no other natives might be able to go in or out tlian 
those permitted to do so by us. The Hon. Commissioner, how- 
ever, was pleased to let us express our own untrammelled opinion 
and advice, which is aa follows : — 

That the narrow neok, taken in a straight line, in o<jnsequenoe 
of the many downs at False Bay as far as the beach, cannot in the 
directions indicated be enclosed except with great lab3ur and 
trouble. That it would be much better to prooee<l from the Salt 
Kiver, which adjoins Table Bay, along the aforesaid beacons 
straight towards or near to the downs of False Bay, a distance of 
about 3,000 roods, and then across along the hu^k of those downs 
W. by 8. and ab<jut S. by W.. with a slight angle 3,300 roods 
further towards the point of the mountain range of this Cape, to 
which we have at present given the name of the Steenbergen, a 
total of 0,800 roods. Within the lait mentioned cross line are 
situated, to our great advantage and convenience, two large, broad 
and deep [>ools (locken), which no cattle or human bemgs oan 
cross. This fence, we believe, could be very easily and cheaply 
Suade, with an entrenchment tending as aforesaid, 8 feet high, 
and with a little canal on the out or inside 10 feet broad and tf or 
^ U:^l deep. Moreover, redoubts should be built 500 roods distant 
from each other, each armed with two eight-pounders in order to 
sweep the intervening spaces, and prevent any attack on the 
entrenchment. Fifteen redoubt« would be required, and in our 
opinion, would be quite far enough from eaoti other and con- 
veniently garrisoned with 5 soldiers, or a total of 57 men, who 
might during the day look after the Company's cattle and take 
them out. Between these redoubts, as an additional strengthening, 
small ravelines might be erected 50 roods from each other, each 
centre one being 200 roods distant from the nearest redoubt, and 
each one also to carry an eight-pounder, so that together there 
would be reqtiired (number not given) pieces. The centre ravelin 



311 

and redoubU would tlion bu able to cover each other baautifuUjr ^^•^' 
and ably, whilat the Mnjiiuing ravelins being 50 roods distant .2«>th"Miiv 
from oa<a other might do the same with muskets or firelocks, and 
be garrisoned daily with the same men. And should the natives 
commit any violence against them, the freemen and the rest of the 
men of the Cape Garrison might be called out for assistance and 
surer defence, «fee. Thus, in our humble opinion the Company 
would be able to make lien*elf complete mistress of the Cape, that 
M to «<?y, as irgan/s the nafiivx of' this conntry^ and prevent every 
one of them to go in or out of the trenehmeut with his cattle 
without our permii^sion. Thui> we would be able to cultivate the 
lands, and the Freemen especially would be able U) possess their 
own with greater security, which for the present is, in our opinion, 
a weighty consideration. 

ün the other hand it would be such a check on lierry, the 
Caapmeu and the black Captain, who together [x>sscss fully a 
thousand cattle and sheep, and an' togetuer a<'comi»lices in the 
munler of the ))oy iintl the tueft oi the Compauy*s oatlie. Having 
been decoyed witliin the enlreuehmcut (for they are still without 
any evil suspicion, being always treated in a friendly manner) they 
might bo nicely kept in»ide, without being able to get outside 
without our oonseut. Thus mt^ans might alao be discovered to 
make such roasonablo (X)uditiontt with them as regards the barter 
of cattle, our intercourse with them, iV:c. (they being thcu contiued 
within the dominion of the Company), as may, in accordance with 
your orders, l>e of the greaU^at service to the Company, witaout 
however causing them any other oppression than keeping them 
confined within the aforesaid limits of the Company, which in our 
opinion they have richly deserved by reason of the crimes com- 
mitted by thorn. Nor sliouid any of them be let oat, lest they 
abould insti;;\tr. the Saldanliars against us, with which trib ) (which 
is more rciisouji^jlo and more inclined to trade than these) we 
might establish the tra Ic at one of the aforesaid redouDts outside 
the entrenchment. Aud as they would notice that the others 
were enclose<l and that we were inclined to trade with them in 
friendship, they would, in our opinion approach us with more 
ejntidence, and bring down with th«?m much cattle, ai it ha% 
utttj^s tfcen cciiknt to ns that llerrtj^ th* Gaaptn 'W, ani the black 
Cïtptaiiès kept the Siitlanhiió a>t nj fro'ii a«, and eauie^l them 
tjreat irni*hlv trhcn they rame hcrCy by begging and taking 
from them wuat they receive i from the ('otnpany lor taeir cattle. 
Yea, Horry ««von dared to suggf»st boldly (even in the presence 
of the Hon. Mr. van (ioens; to seize, kill, or carry oi! all the 
8aldanhars that might arrive here with taeir cattle, and seize ad 
their cattle for tne Company ; but as we always saoW'.*<l 
ourselve averse from domg such a thing, he often doirei 
to tay that he would be angry with the Commander as long at 



312 

1667. this was not doue. Henoi* as long iis we do not oarry out 
20th Mny. ^^^ P^^^ above suggested, and tis long as these natives are not 
('onfinod within the Peninsula, it will be difficult, and a 
tedious business to realise the Company's chief puxpoee, viz. : to 
obtain as much cattle as is necessary for all the snips and this 
garrison, and especially for transmission to India in the form of 
meat, as many animals a8 are required for the puqK)se. Moveovcr 
should we obtain nrnt^'h cattle, we would rei^uire more men than 
at present em])loyed in herding. Fourteen or fifteen are now 
daily employed, and as many as twenty and twenty-five on 
Sundays during divine service. At present some watch houses are 
also required for the protection of the freemen and their lands, 
that the cattle of the Uompany and the freemen may safely grace 
under our guns, (i.< ire hace already often informed you OmI the 
pasturage in Table Valley i% too little and often too j)Oor. The 
watch houses and redoubts will, however, be guarded by the 
freemen, according to further conditions made with them by 
his Honour, as will appear from his own letters and the 

annexuree to thi» 

On the 31st March last arrived one of the French ships which 
htid called here hist year from France on their way to Madagascar. 
She was the Marichal with Mons. Laoos as Admind on board, and 
had returned from Madagascar whence she and her consorts had 
sailed for the Bed Sea, where they had captured a Moorish ship 
of Mooha bound to Surat witb clothing, musk and reals of 
eight. The clothing thev had exchanged on the Island Suoootora 
for civet, aloes and amoer which she was now taking home. 
She carried 200 men ; the rent had remained at the Fortress 
Tolinhar, near St. Lucia Bay, and died there. The other three 
ships were left helpless at Madagascar in conacquence of the want 
of sails and other ship's nfK)es8aries, and having been beached were 
gradually rotting away. They were the 8t. Joris and La Erman 
at St Maria Islands, and L(t duclieme at Tolinhar, also called 
Fort Dauphin, which is merely a wooden stockade, which they 
\\:v\ repaired a little. In the bay Antongil they had left 17 
I'^'uchmen in a bamboo hut without any fc^tifioation whateveTy 
in order to form an alliance with the King. For the rest they do 
not appear to have done anything particular, and aeem to oe in 
a pretty mes»». 

This ve8Si4, Marichal^ brought us from Madagascar four sailors 
of the galiot Ttüp, who reported that that vessel when Ijrinff 
before the river Calamboele, folly laden with rioe and slaves, and 
quite ready to leave, luul been suddenly, in the night between the 
1st and 2nd December, 1655, been overtaken by a violent 
hurricane, hurled from her three anchors to sea and then oast on 
shore. The men, however, and some merchandise and oash had, 
b« en savetl, and afterwards conveyed to the isUnd St Mma 



313 

lying oppouto to the spot. Tliis had been done by means of i<>^*- 
native oanoes. A violent siokneBs had then broken out among the oothluuy 
men, thirteen had died witliin a very nhort time, among them the 
Skipper Comelis Jansz ; the junior Men-hant Frederik Verburgh 

g» that we liave lost our seounde), the assistant Comelis van 
eyningen, ohief mate, &o. Ten accordingly survived and were 
ooQveyed in the French ves8<»l8 tx) Tolinhar. Four of them were 
brought hither by Lf Marivhal. The remaining six are oon- 

Suently still there with the little merchandise Uiat was saved 
ona. Laro<h saying that he was too full to be able to take them, 
and udduoing many other *' blaauwe bloemetjes " of the same kind) 
whi(*h they will very likely have to use up completely for their 
support, as they do not expett relief from entering the French 
aervioe but rather from this place. 

Not only is the loss suffered by the Company great, but the rice 
would have been of immense servic*<* to us, as 40 lasts hatl been 
obtained there in a short time and cheaply. Moreover the natives 
would have been eneouraged to plant all their lands with rice, so 
that we would have had a fine pantry there on which to depend 
for the present until we have so far advanced in agriculture as to 
be able to exist entirely on Cape proilu(;e. Every effort shall now 
be made to this end. If we only had see<l corn and draught oxen 
or horses suHiuient. but for the present that is the hitch, otherwise 
we would soon be able to depend oa ourselves entirely in the 
matter of grain. This season we shall not be able to cultivate 
more tlian 27 or 28 morgan of corn land, the fir^t crop of which we 
shall have to keep as see<l for the following season^ without the 
possibility of one grain being used for food. Therefore the more 
wheat, rye, oats and barley are sent us for se<Ml, the sooner we 
shall be able to fill our granaries with griin of our own growth. 

From Mr. Gh>ens' lett^T you will gather how mueh we need a 
small galiot or yacht, with three masts, a little larger than the 
7^/yi, so that we have added it to our re<iuisition. 

Most of the plants sent us arrived safely an I invo lj..*en planted. 
With thee(* we havecommenc**! to make a Duth orchard behind 
ÜM) Table Mountain on the level «ountry in which the corn land^ 
are situated. There is now so much that we believe that wo imvo 
auffioient for rearing an abundance in future, so that it will not b'* 

iry to send us anv mon*, which aoe<»nling to your letter, you 

> doing by the following ships. 

In our previous Iett«T wo mentioned tint nine p^rsoiis havo 
beoome f n*enien. Sinc«* then another was added to the number, 
so that there are now ten. all told and divided into three eom[» iuies, 
via.: Two of four, an«l one of two p"r8<>n>, settle^l on the spots 
alreofly mentioned and more fully to be d*^scribel by Mr. vau 



314 

1657. The ooiulitioos made with them by his Uoiiour are as follows : — 

2oti,^ay. That every person of the new burgerye shall receive in freehold 
8. by £. and N. by W. in length right ovfT the neck along the 
river named the Liesbeeoq, 40 roods, and in depth E. by N. 
towards the mountains of Africa 200 roods, for 12 years without 
any taxes or impositions, acoordine to their title deeds. 

That they shall remain free aU that time, and sow the lands 
only with wheat, rye, oata, barley and rit«. The uncultivated 
land remaining as pasture for the Company. 

The Company shall pay them at all times for their grain as 
follows : — 

1 last of 3,600 lbs. wheat 



1 


» 


»» 


>1 


>* 


rice 


1 


» 


» 


>} 


» 


ryt' 


1 


f> 


>♦ 


» 


» 


oats 


1 


>» 


>1 


>? 


»> 


barley 



I at a price to be fixed later. 






at such a price as may be obtained 
from the Uompany when the latter 
requires any. 

To help them on their logs they will be provided with ploughs, 
harrows, wagons, spades, shovels, &c., during the first three years, 
and all their tools, A:c., will be repaired gratis by the Company's 
workmen. Everything of the above to be sold them at cost 
price. 

Cattle trade with the natives is permitted them subject to 
previous approval of the Commander, provided that they do not 
pay more for the auimals than the Company usually does, and 
buy all their necessary merchandise from the Gomi>any only. 
Tliey shall not sell their cows, shopp and pigs to any of the 
vesseia arriving here, except with permission, but everything 
that they can spare, they shall be bound to deliver to the 
Comi)any, viz. : — 

1 head of cattle for f 12 for which sum their draught oxen 
have been sold to them on credit. 

1 sheep for f3. 

1 pig according to th<3 price agreed to witli the Com- 
mander by weight. 

The supply of cattle to ships shall remain at the sole 
disposal of the Company, excepting what they (the burgherN) 
require for their own uonsumptiou or may sell to other burghers. 

Such ganlen fruit as the Company provides for its own 
people, they shall not until further orders plant, except for 
their own consumption. 

Fisliiug will be allowiid to everyone until farther orders, 
provided that no time required for com planting is employed 
for it. 

For that reason tobaooo planting will have to remain in 
aboyanoe until further ordens from our Lorda Prindpala. 



oio 

No ono shall without oonsent shoot :my birds or wild animals 1W7. 
except Buch ti8 ar<' injurious, rjj.^ linns, tig'TS, iVr., reooiving tlir .,oi"m 
following premiums: — ' ** **^' 

For a lion f25. 
„ „ tiger f'Jö. 
„ „ Wolf f20. 
„ „ lioopard flU. 

No one shall be alloweil to board any English, Fn»ncli or other 
foreign vessel without having previously obtained the Commander's 
consent. 

Tlie burghers shall bo bound to guard all suoh watch houses and 
redoubts or fortress^^s as have b<.'eu and may still be erected by the 
Company for their protection. For that pur|)ose every one shall 
be bound to maiutain at his own cost his own tire and side arms 
necessary for the puqHjse. 

These are the conditions made with the burgln^rs by the Hon. 
van (itoens. Those previously made by us with them you will 
find in our letters ol the 21st February last, so that you will be 
able to see the corn ctions made by his Honour. And that wheat 
growing may not retrogmdc, we shall <lo our best to see who 
(of the growers; does thu bmartest work, that we may show that 
it will not be our fault should there be no progress. 

Exclusive of the sick of the vessels, the garrison has been cut 
down to lOU men. The good result you will learn in time. If 
we only had enough horses, draught oxen and proper ploughs, a 
considerable lot of ground would üave been ploughed ttiLs season. 
As best we could wc have made iiere '3 or 4 ploughshares, but we 
cannot get them as right as we wish, and tiieret'ore ask you to 
sond us 12 Zealand plough shares of from 20 to 26 lbs. weight, 
obtainable from Paulus Ryckert at Middelburg, residing at the 
New Cattle Market, and to be ap[>roved of by Nioohias van de 
Walle, who is an cx[)ert in tUese matters, according to the evidence 
oi Uoeland van de VValie, an experc plough maimer who arrived 
here from Zealand in the Oyrcaer and is well kno v.i to the 
directors of that Chamber. Ue has been foau 1 vciy serviceable 
here for this kind of wurK. 

Besides the shares for ploughing wc also re<£uest six coulters 
and six '' schyven '* tor ditto fojt or Zaiiland ploughs, a.ia ^''> 
Urge iron plates from which to make more shares and '' s<'hy von '' 
for the same, or more ploughs. 

The freemen will have to gc dcc[)ly into debt, as they have not 
eren anything to pay for their lood, and everything lias to be 
advanuod to them on cnnlit. We request you to inform us li«»w 
far we may proceed on this point. 

This, with an enolose<l s<'t of documents uf the Uou. van (ioeii^, 
will reach you over England by xXvi Enghsh sUip th" Mej IWr 
which arrived h<;ro on tUe litu from Coromandei, iadeu witu cjtus, 



316 

1657. linen, saltpetre, and a little su^^. She was three months on the 
:ath Mar. voya^. Her captain's name is Wilhem Whit, a son of the late 
oaptaui of the same name. She carries 50 men, with but little 
provisions for them, &o. 

And though we suspect that all the secn^ts of this promontory 
are contained in the secret papers, we have — as we have alretidy 
begun to despair of the arrival of the last squadron from 
Batavia, which may perhaps have passed on to tSU Helena, — 
decided to entrust them to the Ma^, according to orders of the 
Hon. van Qoeus, in consequence of the long delay of the last 
squadron, that you may not remain destitute of the same this 
year, and we may the sooner receive your order on their contents. 
We have accordingly not deemed it necessary in this case to use 
the alphabet, as if our friends were unfaithful, everything might 
be read in the papers of his Uouour. What we wrote you on the 
24th April last by the English ship Ooutêblom^ and by mean» of 
the alphabet, you may gather from the annexed copy. We were 
then still hoping ttiat the last return ships (which were ready to 
sail from Batavia on the 31st January) would call hero, hence wo 
did not deem it necessary, according to Hon. van Goens' orders 
to send the papers mentioned with her, but merely by means of 
die alphabet to communicate to you briefly the most secret portion. 
But OS we are now beginning to despair, we dare not detain the 
documents any longer, regarding which we urgently require your 
instructions for our guidance, ^. We trust that those letters, 
like all others, will bo faithfully (^nveyed to you 

Most of the Dutch sheep have arrived well, excepting a few 
killed during the voyage for the sick, so that at present we have 
already 30 old and young, with the hope that they will multiply 
prosperously. 

We have not received any asses with the Veetienhunj, Tlie 
skipper said that he could not t<iuch at Ilhe Fuogo, so toat 
we remain destitute of them, and incaiNible of travelling inland ; 
the animals being required for carrying the supplies of the explorers, 
&c. 

We have no swans, but the Qccroonde /iKr///r brought us 8oveu 
turkeys. We saw some (swans) on the previous v<*s8el8, bat only 
now, since the arrival of the Veenenburg^ discovered that they 
were intende<l for the Cape. Tliey, however, wont on with the 



Thi* apples, {)ear2», quinces, «&c., arrived rotten, but ac<'ording to 
your orders we have planted the [ti))», as we hav«' often done before, 
but lilt lierto nothing has «ome of them. Our plantations, however, 
are in excellent order, and the produce, backed by your Honour*s 
assLstanoe, has bef)n so satiafactory that we think that wo havü 
t*nough now for farther propagation. 



317 

Some little walnut and oheRtnut trees, sent over in oases, are ^^^7. 
growing beautifully, so that a i^xxi many may be propagate<l from 20t}i'MAv. 
them. 

The earth nuts sent us in baskets, arrived in good condition, 
and we had them planted throughout the oom lands. The seed 
was sown mixe<l with that of grain, and there is no doubt of its 

8U0<«8S. 

From the general despatch of the High Govemmont of India, 
r<><f»iTed hy the return fleet under the Hon. Crab, you will gather 
that we have b<»en ordered to desftatch one of the lightest vessels 
from home to the South Ijand (Australia) to make one more effort 
to search for the crew of the wrecke<l ship, the Drank, lost last 
year in about 30 . After consultation with the officers of the 
Veneuburijh and f7«6v/, we decided to select the latter vessel for 
the purpose. She arrived here from Zealand on the 9th April 
last, and left for her destination on the 27th following. See our 
annexe<l n^sohitions and instructions. 

From the annexed resoluticms and receipts you will understand 
why we 8U]»pHt^d tin* English ship Maijbotwi in her great need with 
one thing and another out of our ships — de Oecroomh Leeutr and 
Ot/enter. Had we not done so, they would have landed, and in 
despair would have taken the cattle of the residents without love 
(zonder minne), in ord«T not to perish from hunger or other 
distrt'Ss. Thus, in order to get rid of them and from 
compassion, and also that they might the more faithfully 
hand you our letters, we have the more readily resolved on that 
c^ourse, leaving the payment to your decision. We tnist that you 
will not take it amiss, as they were in such distress that they 
wen^ objects of commiseration even for stony hearts. Tea ! 
they even offer* kI to sell the ship and the cargo to the Company, 
)»ut as the cargo had mostly l)f»en damage<l by «ilt water and 
very mu«h spoilt, we did not deem it profitable. Moreover, we 
drcade*! that new troubles or disturbanc<'S for the Company 
with that nation might 1h» the result. We therefore request 
your instructions how to act in future imder similar circumstances. 
The annexeil menionindum will show that all the ships of the 
early winter have passed here well — God be praise<l ! . . . . 

(SignM) J. V. RiKiiKBCTK. 

Supplementary re<piisition for tlie Cap«\ 

•Ji gootl '* snell»' hae<xs," i for the redoubts or wat«h- 

12 good light metal " ba-^^tions," ( houses — very necessary. 
1<»U snaplocks, to be use<l instead of muskets, to save matches. 
MtKÜcines as in previous years. 

1 galiot with three masts — a little larger than the Tn/jf — and 
with two orlops, very ne<-essary to obtain annually from St. 



r 



318 

i«A7. Helena the goods laden for this place in the return fleets that 
20th Mfty. P*88 here, so tliat we remain destitute of them, as happened to 
our cost lately in the case of Hei Wajmi van Hollant, She will 
also he of use to convoy the yesselB into the hay and warn them 
should any foreign ships he here, as well as a go-hetween for 
the return flf^^t h<»twoen this and St. Helena with your orders to 
wait a longer or shorttT time there for the latest shij^s. 

1 "00 «> ^ d r^^ ^^® canal and entrenchment are to he made, 

I'rMik 1 1 ' "s otherwise 200 will be sufficient for our daih- 
l,'>00 shovels. 11X4. 
1^ work at present. 

•)00 pii'kaxes a hand broad, as at least 80 or 100 and more men 
will have to be employed, and a margin must be left for breakages. 
We, find how(»ver, that not much can be done ^v'ith the men from 
the ships, for before they are accustomed to the work they have to 
go, so that permanent workmen are indispensable. 

1 small round common army tent for 10 or 15 men. 

We have received no asses by the Venenburgh^ the» skipper say- 
ing thar he could not call at Ilhe Puego, so that we are still 
destitute of them. 

A good quantity of 2iealand and other good and new wheat, 
barley, oats, and rye for seed. 

1 land surveyor's chain and other instruments. 

12 Zealand [plough irons or shares from 20 to 2t) lbs. weigat, to 
be made by Pau I us Ryckert, according to the direction of Nioolaa.** 
van de Walle of Middelburgh. 

15 large iron plates from which to make the same, as light and 
heavy as may be deemed nooc»ssary. 

G light shares for light foot ploughs for light land, also found 
here. 

6 " schy veil " for the foot ploughs. 

Some s^^aling wax, forgotten in the former nnjuisition. 

liabbits. The half bucks, for if we had had the latter on the 
island the increase would have been great. 

N.H. — In our requisition sent with the Mfiyhhm we mentioned 
plouglisliart^ weighing from 25 to 31 lbs., but you will be pleased 
to understand that they n*»ed not be heavier than fnim 20 t«i J(> 
lbs. 

Sf)me bushel, speek, or other grain measures, and information 
how mtny bushels go to a last of wheat, rye, oats, liarley, [Mnu, 
beans, A,c. ; and at what price the Company is pleased to accept 
the fame. 

Also what should l)e paid for grinding barley, maal^ malt, &o.y 
as the mill should also be handed over to the freemen, in order to 
save wage earners. 



319 

To the Amstenlam Chamber. ^**7. 

Beceived loiter from the AiDHtenlam Cbnmber, datrd tith Not. iTth May. 
>a^, in reply to ours of the KUli June of tho same year ; also your 
later letters of the 18th and 25th Nov. and 4tli Dec, the latter of 
which (X)ntainod your iiietnirtions to land from the Orangien Har- 
man Ilendricx» and Jan Dirox ; hut as the vessel had left two days 
previously with Mr. v. Ooens for l^atavia, we were unable to do so. 
We, however, poiit ropies of your lottrr to Batavia by the Viuoi 
and Venenhunj. 

We wore ploased that you approved of the watch houses orectcnl 
for the protocticm of tho lands. What we further intend doing 
you will gather from our general despatch t<> the Seventeen and 
the letters of the Hon. van Goens to tho same her<*unto annexed. 

How the grain sown by way of trial has Ix'on a success, wo havo 
already notified to you, so that according to your orders we shall 
do our very best to develop agriculture, in order as soon as }>086iblo 
to have an abundance of grain. For that purpose it will b<» neces- 
sary for you for t)ie present to send us with the out-going ships a 
moro abundant supply of grain than we have asketl for, namely, 
I rye, i oats, \ barley, and J wheat. Plants, however, you need 
not send us any longor, as we have obtained a largt» supply in fine 
order with thest^ vessels, and may expect many mon» by a follow- 
ing opportunity, so that we will have enough to get along, as 
mostly all are alr»*ady growing and promising w«41. Most of the 
flowor s^^ds were spoilt, but somo tidii> bulbs arrived in fairly 
good condition, and are doing well. But if it pleases you we 
would prefer to be supplied with new wheat, and notliing else at 
present, as the tlowoi*s ar«' only for pleasiuro, and require care and 
time. Every energy should b<» api^iied to agriculture that we may 
be able to fef*d ourselves and fill the stomachs of the men. 

Your orders regarding tho < lot hing r<H)eived by these ships and 
that still exj ecte<l will be promptly obeytni. 

Regarding brandy required liere as rations for the men, the 
Hon. van Goens has so arranged it that without the necessity of 
requisitioning for any from home, or of arrack from Batavia, wo 
umy land what w«' nsjuiro from thf» passing ships. And if it 
pleases God to bless agri< ultiue here we shall have abundance of 
o*»m of our own from whirh to distil enough. 

The loR< of tho Tnli>, {^^ preceding despatch:^s.) 

With tho male and female blacks, mentione<l by you, we would 
not be able to do anything if left here. This is also the opinion 
of tho Go vomer- irrneral and ('Ouncillors of India, as ynW ap|>ear 
from their last letters. 

Annexf^d is a list of the niunber of i>eople, men, women, and 
children in and out of thf» service» of the Oom]>any and resident 
here. It will show that the garrison has been cut down to 100 
men, with whom we shall do our best to promote agriculture as 



320 

1667. far as we can. If, however, Mr. van doens had inorpfiaeil the 
17th Mar. ^^1^^^ ^^ ^^'^ ^^ 1^0, more work oould have been done. But we 
shall get on as bert we oan so that you will be always satisfied 
with our zeal. 

The oollections made here for the poor were taken on occasions 
when the Lord's Holy Supper was administered here by ministers 
on the passing ships, who told us that we were to address them to 
the "diaoony," but as your orders are now to the oontrarv', we 
shall lienoeforth promptly obey them. 

The specie and other goods per Malacca arrived safely, but we 
were disappointed that we received no asses by the Venenlurg, 
(See preceding des})atoh.) We very much wanted them for 
exi)editions to the interior, to carry the food of the men, who can- 
not walk far at present, but have to return after a short absence. 
From my annexed letter to the Seventeen you will gather my 
humble request, supported as I hope, according to his promisr, 
by the Hon. Mr. v. (loens, that their Honours may be please<l to 
consider my promotion. For what you have done hitherto I am 
deeply grateful. I wish my allowance to be increased to f 150 
per month and the grant of a certain piece of raw land, describril 
m the said separate letter, allowed me on loan by the Hon. van 
Goons, provided that 1 requested the Lords Seventeen, like all 
other officials, for their consent. It is therefore my humble 
request to your Honours of the Amsterdam Cliamber to help mo 
with your powerful influence, that I may be the more encouraged 
in serving the Company. As regards mvself, in return I will 
endeavour to deserve the favour by faithfully doing my duty. 

The horse mill, which arrived with the Gecroonde Leeinr^ has 
been, with a<lvice of the millor who had charge of it, placed on a 
[»roper spot. Stop» have been taken to seloct timber from the 
forest with which to build a proper covering for it. This will b<» 
done as speedily as p<»ssible. tnat the miller may leave at the latest 
by the May ships for Batavia, according to your orders. As we 
have iMitten everjrthing extensively in our general desjtatch, and 
the Englishman is in a hurry to leave» we only add this, that the 
2 olive trees have arrived in splendid tx)ndition, and will be trans- 
planted with great care, according to orden*. 

(Signe<l) JoilAN V\N KfF.HKF.iK. 



To Amrterdam. 

The oncloeed letters are from the Freemen, rending here, who 
have devoteii themselves to agriculture. They wish to have their 
wives, children, and some of Uiem their sweethearts here, resident 
in the place mentioned by them. And as we, with the Hon. van 
Goens, det^m it desirable that they should have their wives and 



881 

ohilclren with them« to attach them the more to this place, and ^^7. 
they have requested us to bark their request, and that their wives, j j^|, ||_ 
&o.y may be provided with honourable accommodation, according 
to the promise of the Hon. van Goens, we could not refuse their 
prayer, as they are fine, honest people, and beg you accordingly 
to grant their request. Already tair acconunodation has been 
provided for thoBo expeotM. 

(Signed) Johan van Ribbbbck. 

List of papers sent pia England by the Mayflotctr to the Lords 
Seventeen at Amsterdam : — 

No. 8. Muster roll of the paid servants and freemen, as well 
as of the wives, obildren, sick, slaves and convicts. 
&c., at the Cape. 
9. Title deeds suooescively granted by the Hon. van 
Qoens, Conunander van Ëiebeeck and Council. 

1 1 . Charts made by order of Hon. van Goens, copied after 
his departure, of the Cape fiums. (Landouwen.) 

12. Instructions for the officers of the Vincq despatched to 
the Southland to search for the wreck of tne Draack. 

13. Statement of assistance rendered to the English 
Mayfloicer in her gp'^t need. 

14. Private letter of Commander van Biebeeok to the 
Seventeen. 

16. Chart of the Company's gardens, &c. 



To Batavia. 

Arrival of the liOuyêfy after encountering much stormy weather. 29th May. 
Brought the Hon. Weeterwolt. Was assisted with provisions 
from the Gecroonde Leeutc — see Resolution. Further pEurticulars 
about her you will gather from Mr. Westerwolt's letters. 

(Signi«d) J. V. BiBBBRCK. 
List of annezures to Batavia, by the Gecroonde Leeutc : — 



Instructions for Jan Wouterso proceeding in the Robbejachtje to 
Ilob))en Island to superintend \\\h 8heep and stone quarrjing 
there: — 

As wo have foimd that on that island there is very fine white 
soft stone, easily worked, and in such abundance that there is 
enough for the buildings of the freemen and tho Company, and 

X 



322 

*öj, ag the garrison has beon so cut down that there is little ohanoe of 
29tb May. continuing brick-makine, the fuel having to be conveyed a distance 
of 1 1 (Dutch) miles witn great labour, and as we have calculated 
that the said stone can be obtainc^d on the island with less or little 
trouble and expense, as 3 or 4 men are always stationed there to 
look after the sheep, we have decided, in order not to let tliem be 
idle, to put them to the work, and let them daily prepare, accoid- 
ing to the measure given you, as much stone as with diligence 
may be done. For that purpose the direction is entrusted to you, 
with orders to keep the said men diligently employed in that work ; 
and that it may advance the better, you will also take with you a 
Madagascar female slave, named Eva, who is strong enough and 
able to carry the stones down and pile the same in g^od order 
alongsitle of the others, that they may ilrj the harder. Our 
mason is of opinion that at least 800 blocks may be daily prepared 
by the 2 Netherlanders, 1 slave and the female slave, four in all, 
and perhaps double the quantity if once you get into the way of it. 
This you shall particularly attend to, doing your best, in order to 
obtain honour and recover favour. 

And that the stone may be easily carried, the largest shall not 
be more than IS inches long and 9 inches broad and liigh, in onler 
to make a better building. The others may be one foot in length 
by i foot thick and high. 

Regarding the sheep, the Jouug rams are alwavs. and ac4*ording 
to his advice, to be oastrated by Thomas Mulder. The tails (»f the 
ewes, fit for breeding, are always to be out off and salted, and stmt 
hither by op[>ort unity, that butter may be saved here. 

The old ewes, as well as the oldest and strongest rams and 
wethers, must be the first selected for the ships. 

You shall, however, deliver no animals except on receipt of a 
sealed letter from us to you. 'i his for your guidance. 

Should any Company^s ship anchor under Uobb«'n Island, you 
shall accommodate her with as much vegetables as the place, 
acoording to the season, produced ; an<l you may further supply 
every day for every two men of the vessel one penguin, and as 
mauy eggs as art^ obtainable. 

Of sheep you ^hall at the utmost supply not more than one for 
each vessel, and that only in case of high need in the case of sick- 
ness among the ofRe«*rs. That is, in the case of arriving and 
not of departing ships, that the former may not find excuse to delay 
thTi\in>teud o: making for the roadstead, where they will find 
refre.Hhments in sulfitieut abundance, and more than enough to 
1 rosecute their voyage. 

The sheep are not to he fnilked. that their young may grow the 
Ix'tter, as the Company is greatly interested in the increase. 

No men of our ships you shall allow to proceed further than the 
house, but English, Fn*neh and other foreigners, you shall not 



328 

permit to land. For this purpose, aooording to orden of the lion. 'ö^'- 
▼an Uoens, one or two guns will be mounted at the little land 29th Umj, 
buy, w>iere the boats must land. At the same time you shall take 
oare that all firearms already there and what may still be sent you, 
are kept clean an<l ready for use No firing, however, shall take 
place, except in case of necessity, that the birds be not frightened, 
on which onr men on the island almost wholly subsist. Ton are, 
therefort^, to take good care of the powder, matches and lead. 

Also of the increase of the rabbits and rock rabbits, informing 
us now and then how they are getting on. 

Thomas Mulder has always with good knowledge attended to 
the sheep ; hence you shall principally employ him in that duty 
and take his ad\nee in castrating the rams and cutting off the tails 
of the sheep. Hendrik Tymonse and Christiaan Wilhelmus are 
to be sent to us as s(K)n as possible, so that with those who accom- 
pany you, you will be six altogether, viz. : — 

Jan Wouters as Commander j 

Thomas Mulder for the pur- | Salaried (Gegagieerde) . 

pose mentioned ) 

also 
Jasper Janse Duyf, banished soldier ") 
liOiirens Alberts of Amsterdam, | For the quarry 

convict I work, according 

Espagniola, black French slave or [to our calcula- 

fugitive ! tionsabovestated. 

Eva, Madagascar female slave J 

You will also do your best to destroy the snake*, which are in 
great numbers there, that the island may once for all be cleared of 
those venomous reptiles. 

You will also take with you such quarrying tools as are 
necessary, viz. : — 

Ten models or boards ai^'cording to which the stones are to be 
cut. 

Two benches. 

One crowbar. 

Two iron covered shovels. 

One do. spade. 

Eight sledgehammers. 

One sharp and one broad pick and mattock. 

Two axes, 
liet everything be properly managed and see that the work is 
done thcrn with all diligence, that proper service may be rendennl 
to the (k)rapany, and your zeal made evid(»nt. 

We have allowed you and the other servants full rations of 
brandy, viz. : every day half a ** mutsjen." Tlie convict*, however, 
shall only receive half that quantity. See that the provisions are 

X2 



324 

^^7* ecoDomioally distributed. The convicts, male and female slavea, 
29th May. ^^^^ ^ ^ content with birds instead of meat and poik, which are 
given yon only for the Company's wage earners. 

(Signed) J. v. Biebrkck. 



To the Lords Seventeen. 

I'lui .ïiiiir Departure of the Hon. van Gk)en8 the day before. Arrival of 
the ƒƒ . LoHt/sr^ having on board the Hon. Volequerius We«t(»rwolt, 
from Batavia, the 4th Feb. last. . . . This vessel will bring you 
copies of all the papers sent you by the English vessel the Mai/' 
ffofrcr. 

We have shown the Hon. Westerwolt what has hitherto been 
done in agriculture. Already 28 morgen have been sown with 
wheat, six by the Company, and the rest by the freemen. The 
Company has also sown four morgen with oats, and it is likely 
that during this season about 30 or 40 morgen will be covered 
with wheat, oats, barley, beans, peas, &c. May God bless their 
growth. If we have suitable ploughs and draught oxen or a 
sufficient number of horses, we would have cleared and broken a 
large area of new ground for cultivation during the following 
season. But this rlrawback still remains, for we dare not demand 
toe» much from the few (old) and very young oxen and the six 
horses that we have, in order not to knock them up completely. 

It is rumoured, however, by Henry and the Caapmen, who are 
living near and amons; us, that in the dry season many persons 
will come down from the interior with an abundance of cattle, so 
that we shall most likely not be in want of draught oxen next 
season. They also assured us that as two years ago, when we had 
very little copper and received some too late, we would again run 
short of that metal sooner than the Saldanhars would of cattle, 
an<l that they will again have the opportunity of quizzing us and 
having a good laugh at us. Tliey were, however, assured, and 
shown every day that our stores were full of copper and 
tobacco, and that we fear that the Saldanhars will not bring down 
sufficient cattle. They on the other hacd seem to be quite con- 
vinced that we will not have enough to meet the demand, so that 
it is fortunate that you have successively furnished us with sheet 
copi>er, which we hope you will continue to do for some time 
longer, according to the samples sent you, that we may not again^ 
as two years ago, nm short, but have enough to buy sufficient 
cattle to last ua two or two and alialf years after the arrival of the 
Saldanhars, and all that time to be able to supply sufficient fresh 
meat to the ships and the garrison, and also finally aooording 
to your intentions, to salt down moat for India, beaidee attending 
to agriculture, which promises ver}' well, so that many will ask for 



325 

freedom as soon as they can bo supplied with good horses and ^^^ 
draught oxen, besides ploughs and all kin<ls of fanning imple- 2nd Junv 
ments. 

We send you by the J£, Lont/8i', as a sample, 16 rhinooeros 
horns, weighing 82 lbs., also 87 lbs. Cai)e tobaooo, bound in 
bundles and paoked in a cask ; also 3,400 seal skins in 18 bundles. 
Some tobacco and horns we have kept back for the Arnhem and 
Jloningm. That to be sent by the Arnhmn is intended for the 
Amsterdam Chamber. Should the rhinoceros horns be found to 
be of any value a large number may be obtainable, but we fear 
that the freemen will be underbuying us too much. 

Regarding tobacco planting, this has been postponed by order 
of Mr. van Goens, to enable us to devote all our energy to wheat 
growing. This agrees with our opinion, as tobacco requires rich 
ground, so that com growing would be too much neglected, for we 
want meat to fill the stomac^hs of the labouring men, and to com- 
mence beer brewing and brandy distilling as soon as possible, so af» tf» 
create more induwment to join the Colony, which your Honour» 
intend to establish here, by having a good quantity of provisions 
in stock. 

We shall, however, always have a few tobatro plants growing 
for seed, so that should you deem it necessary, we may be able to 
commence the cultivation at once. 

Before Mr. van Goens's arrival, we took over according to 
agreement with the growers their tobacco at H stivers per lb. in 
order not to break our word, and not disgust the folks with 
Agriculture. We trust that you will take this in good part, as 
the lands in which the tobacco had hiHiu reared, and which had 
been recovered from the wilderness and pn^pared for cultivation, 
had been taken from them and will be usckI for the Company's 
orchard. . . . 

(Signed) J. van Rikhkkck. 

Lists of aimexures to the above despatch. 

No. 9. Resolutions adopted by the lion. R. van Goens and 

afterwarls by the Commander and Council of the 

Fort the Good Hope. 
„ 12. Muster roll of the wa^e earners, freemen, their 

wives and children, the sick, the slaves, convicts, &o., 

at the Cape — in duplicate. 
^ 13 and 14. Title de<Mls suceessively granted by the Hon. 

van Goens and Commander van Riebeeck and 

Council. 
„ 15. Charts made by order of the Hon. van Goens, of the 

Caj>e farms, &c. 
„ 16. Charts of the Company's gardens at the fort, out of 

which all the ships are refreshed. 



326 

:667. jq^^ 27 Instructions for tlio officers of the Viticq despatched 

jud Juuf. ^o search for Un» J frank (wTecked s^.mewliere on the 

Southland). 

List of annexures to the Oiiuiubcrs Delft, Rottordani, Hoorn 
and Enckhuysen. 



To the SeventeoD at Amsterdam. 
21-t.Juiie. Our laet was dated the 2nd of this month. Arrival of the 
English ship WiUecom (Welcome) from Surat on the 24th January 
old, and 3rd Fehruary new style. Had called nowhere and had a 
cargo of a little pepper, saltpetre and Surat cloth. On the 6th 
May last, and about 100 miles from this, she had spoken the 
return ship Het Slot van Honingeu^ all well. The next day she 
fell in with the Arnhemy which had not been able to reach the 
Cape and was obliged to put back to Mauritius for repairs. . . . 

She also reported that the Narhtglas^ which had left this on the 
18th July last for Batavia, via Madagascar and Mauritius, and 
had on tne way to look for the Talp^ had arrived at Surat from 
Persia on the 1st Jan. last, as she could not succeed in reaching 
Iktavia. . . . We thonk God that she has arrived safely. The 
(iovenior-Qeneral and Council at Batavia will no doubt, on her 
arrival there, be surprised at her bt range voyage. 

In our former letters we mentioned the progress <»f aericulture, 
which since promises better; moreover, the cattle tnule tiiis season 
also [>romises grand results, for as rumour has it, the Saldauhas 
are coming down with a multitude of cattle. Accordingly we 
have prepared a quantity of copper for the Company as well as 
for the burghers, free trade for tbe latter having been allowed by 
the Hon. van Goens. Accordingly the bu-ghers, as soon as their 
own and the Company's seed is in the ground, will, with some 
servants of the Company, again make a journey inlard, in order 
to attempt to discover the principal habitations of the natives, and 
obtain some cattle from them. Of all this we hope to give you 
some favourable information. In the meanwhile we await your 
opinion regarding the excavation of the canals and the making 
oif the entrenchments, 15 rtMloubts, and 13*5 ravelins, fto. Besides 
attending to a^(*ulture, we also intend for the protection of the 
cattle of the Uompany and the burghers, as well as the lands, to 
build the projeoled redoubt and kraal near the Gompanjr'B on^iard, 
as well as two or three wat<*h-hous68 as small as practicablci and 
only for present need, that the lands and pastares may be properly 
protected, oo that for the f»reaent we will have our hands full 
enough, ynih the hope that working away gradually, without 
drawing the shirt over the coat, we shall bring a£birs into such a 



327 

state that in time, in our opinion, we «hall be safe from the native» *^^- 
in our hohliug^, and all lands still to be cultivated will be properly 2lKt June. 
] protected from them. 

Without delay a watch-house is to bo erected here and there on 
the lands of the freemen, and garrisoned by the latter without any 
Company's servants, according to the conditions made with them 
by Mr. van Qoens, but in order to comply with that gentlomaa's 
instructions, that we should commenoe at onoe with the men of 
the vessels first iirriving, to dig up the first and worst 500 roods, 
whirh an» soniewbat hard and stony, and go under the name of 
** the fishery,'' we nMjuire shovels and spades (as many break on 
this rough ground), as we have only enough for cultivating tlie 
Company's giinlens. Hence we shall have to wait until, in order 
to commence that great work, you have sent us the necessary 
quantity of shovel», spades, pickaxes, &c. In the meanwhile we 
shall employ tho ni*Mi of the ships that arrive in fetching beams 
from the for»*st f«)i the jetty, started by Mr. van Qoent, so that 
they will havo enough to do. 

The ])lates for the ploughs which we asked for in our letter of 
the 2Utli last, you need not send us, as we have received a suffi- 
cient quantity, and we liavo leameil to make them ourselves. We 
also think that the light wheel ploughs will serve us better than 
the foot ploughs, arcordiug to experiments daily made ; and though 
we can already mako them ourselves, the six ploughshares and 
colters asked for should be sent, but they should not weigh more 
than from 20 to 20 lbs. each. 

We inteude<l, according to your orders, to build in the cheapest 
possible manner an «'quipnient store, in which to ])lace all kinds of 
heavy or light ropes and other ships' articles, but the Hon. van 
Goens was of opinion that it would not be necessary in the case of 
heavy «iibles, as if the skippers knew that all these things were 
obtainable here, many would unnecessarily ask for them, so that 
it would be best to send the heavy cables still here to India, as 
the return ships are provid(*d at Batavia with double of every 
thing. Accordingly we intend, following his verbal orders, to 
send the heavy cable stil here by Gi*st shij> to Batavia. The 
anchor, however, we shall ktcp here, as it may be required at any 
time, also the pumps, &c. 

(Signe<l) Jan van Riehbeck. 

List of annexures to the above d«'spatch. 



To the Seventeen, for the CliumW^rs Amstoniani and Zealand. 

The N.W. winds Imvin;; delayed the departure of the English 26h Jin«b 
▼eesel, two of whose Iwats were washed away and thrown on 



328 

IW7. ahore, two men being drowned, we diiJooYered that the freemen 

26th June, (having bartered 4 or 5 sheep and 1 ox) had sold 2 of the sheep 

at rds. 3 and the ox at rds. 20 to the English. This we decided 

to bring to your notice, that you may decide whether it will be 

advantageous or injurious to leave this trade open to the freemen. 

Our opinion, as often communicated, is that the Company alone 
should remain mistress of it, and that the freemen should be 
allowed to sell their garden produce only, as the Company is 
always sufficiently provided with vegetables for its ships. For if 
this (cattle barter by the freemen) should become known to the 
shins' officers (and it cannot remain secret) great diMatii&ction 
wiU result, and it mav even be supposed that Uie Conmiander has 
a hand in it, for obloquy never leaves even the moat honest in 
peace. But as the Hon. van Goens has permitted them thia free 
trade we shall leave the matter as it is, that we may not be charged 
with having disregarded his orders. 

And, as with this trade in cattle, so it also is with rhinoceros 
horns, tusks, and ostrich feathers, as none of these articles are 
brought to the Fort. Hence should rhinoceros horns be deemed 
of vidue to you, it will be necessary among other orders to send 
out one containing strict penalties on this hetA. 

(Signed) Jan vak Bibbbbck. 

Memorandum of articles required for the barley mill already 
erected, and made so that it can also grind wheat. 



To the Seventeen, for the Chambers Amsterdam and Zealand. 

J . This same English vessel, the Wilatm being still delayed 

^' here by contrary winds, we have in the meanwhile, as the rain is 
now daily falling, as usual at this time of the year, proceeded to 
the country to see how things wen* situated in the level country 
where the partition wan to be made by means of entrenchments 
and redoubts, &c., as projected by the lion, van Goens, and laid 
down in the charts sent you. In consequence of the rains the 
floodings were so jnreat that everything was submerged, entrandli- 
ments, ravelins, oc. The foundations of the redoubts had been 
converted into marshes and were being washed away, as in many 
places large lakes had been formed, clear and deep, whilst all the 
unsubmerged low spots were so soft and i>^<^n^ that they could 
not be approached or sustain a heavy weight We are, therefore! 
not sorry that as vet we have done no more than making an 
attempt ; but all tliat work has been washed away or aubmeraed. 
The project therefore haa, on account of the water, been a failure, 
so that at present wo cannot very well advise you to proceed with 



329 

the work, and havo aooordingly deoidod to stop it, as for Ui#» *^^' 

reasons given we fear that it will be all lost labour and expanse. i„( juiy. 

On the other hand, if this Cape be cultivated by freemen settled 

on their own lands, with here and there a redoubt or watoh- 

hoose among them, and also garrisoned by them aooording 

to agreement, when entering on possession of their individual 

plots, in ooiu-se of time a peaceful occupation will be eusurtMl, for 

the cattle tra<lo must at all events be po8t]X)nod until the arrival 

of the natives from the far interior, unlens perhaps some men are 

sent to them in the dry season ; but for this we require mules to 

carry the pn^visions, copper, tobacco, Av. However, we shall, as 

soon as the dry season sets in, send out an expedition for the 

object mentioned, as has been done often ere this,, as will be seen 

from previous communications. 

We shall not be able to give the freemen lands exactly on the 
same spots or in the positions as ordered by Mr. van G^oens, as 
much btis been submerged and therefore become useless, so Uiat 
some changes will be necessary, if the freemen are to be able to 
use their plots properly. 

The Company's gardener, Hendricq Boom, who arrived here in 
the Droiiimedariii in 1602, having left Holland in 1651 with his 
wife and seven children, has, now that his term of service has long 
expired, commissioned the avrpenters to build him a good farmer^s 
homestead, about an hour's walk from the fort, which they are to 
erect in their loisun» or free time on Saturday afternoons, &c. It 
is his intention, as soon :is the house is finished, to ask for Iiis free 
papers and about 40 morgen of groOnd on which to sow. His 
wii«» will earn a living with milch cows, of which she has good 
knowledge, and by fattening pigs, &e. This household we con- 
sider the most suitable for this iucipi(*nt colony, as they have little 
inclination to proceed either to India or th«» Fatherland. Two of 
their children were bom here, and the rost left Europe so young 
that they know very little of the Fatherland. Hence we believe 
this elaas of people will be the most suitable. 

(Signed) Jan van Rixbebck. 



To Batavia. 

Our last was datetl the 24th May last. We are at present busy 2*.>iid Aug. 
copying all the paybooks of this fort from the beginning, since this 
place was taken poss«'ssion of, in order to send them to Batavia, 
ai well as those of the galiots and yachts which have off and on been 
here and employed in the trade at Guinea and Angola, because 
we have observed that if some persons unfortunately pass the 
Cape in the return fleets and have lost their accounts they are 
debarred before their departure from India from having any «t their 



330 

1667. servioe. This has also beon the onler of Mr. van Öoens, so tliai we 
22nd Aug. ^^^® ^^^ ^^ ^^7 ^^ sond you as usual our Journal, which 
will however be transmitted with the books as soon as the lattor 
are oompleted. We also intend according to Mr. van Goeiis' 
orders and those of the Masters contained in their despatch of the 
11th April last, a copy of which is annexed to this, and in the 
letter of the Amsterdam Chamber dated the 2l8t March, to con- 
tinue to do this annually. From the above mentioned despatches 
you will also gather that their Honours had des]>atched hither the 
yachts Hamelt and Manja for the slave trade at Quiuea and Angola 
and what cargoes they ha<l received for the purpose, and what 
clothing we were ordered to obtain from you for the slave». And 
as the Directors have also written to you to send us an assorted 
India cargo for the purpose, we shall expect it by the next return 
ships, with as much sail clothing or other heavier or more woolly 
stuff, as may in your opinion be best for covering the slaves. 

The designs of the Directors in regard to tnis trade you will 
gather from the instructions to the officers, a copy of which is 
annexed. 

And although it is the opinion of the Mastc^rs that of the slaves 
obtained by the yachts, 80 or 100 might be k(»pt by us and the n*st 
sent to Batavia, we agree with the lion, van Goens, that thes** 
slaves would be very much inclined to run away, because this 
country adjoins theirs ; and that as we would be better serve<l from 
Bengal or Arracan, His Honour undertook that we should be pro- 
vided with 50 or 60 Bengalcse from your parts. Accordingly w<» 
shall with pleasure look out for. them instea<l of so many Guinea 
or Angola slaves. We shall also expect as many horses as may bo 
obtainable when the Materam ports are open, or in any other 
way, as the opportunity offers, that agriculture may the more !►« 
advanced, and so the number of agriculturists increased, as will 
appear from our letter to the Directors. And if we could only 
once more obtain from you 50 or 60 lasts of rice in order to save our 
wheat, we might use the latter for seed, without consuming any 
for food. Seven or eight lasts of new "cailjangh" and ooans 
for sowing, would also be welcome, so that with God in the van, 
we shall not only be able to raise our own wheat supplies, but also 
have something over for India, as Mr. van Goens knows, havinp: 
studied the subject carefully, so that lie has promised to attend 
to this matter also, besides ur^ng you to supply us with the «Lives 
and horses, and if possible assisting in the matter. Tlie m>ons 
adduced by you, in your letter received by the Louyne^ mak<« us 
sufficiently understand that no dependenee can be placed on the 
coming hither of Ghineee, and that very little good can be expected 
from the indolent Mardyrkers. You will w pleased to believe 
that we made the request in consequence of information oom- 
miuiioated by some friends who had called here» so that you must 
excuse our having troubled you. 



331 

The Louyse left on th« 7tli June last witli 1 >7 healthy persons, '^^• 
induding some unfit i'^divi'luals and others who liad served out 22iid Aug. 
their time, as well as the degraded chief surgeon of the Orangie^ 
who with his wife had been detained here. 

Od the 13th June following the English ship Wilam arrired 
from Surat on the 3rd tVhr. pn^vioiisly, with (il uien, of whom 6 
had died. She left for EngUud on the 2nd July following, taking 
our letters for the Diroctor^, cupios of which an» annexed. 

On the -^^ May last, she had off tho coast met a Uottifrdam 
Teeeeli evidently Hot Slmit ran Honimjen, but as tho weathf'r was 
bad, she had no chance to communicate with lier like the 
Englishman she was evidently no good sailer. As she has not yet 
appeared here, we conclude that she has made direct for St. Uelena 
and arrived safe at home, which Qod grant. But as regards the 
Amheim we fear that she is still lying at Mauritius, as the English- 
man further told us that on the \^ May he had met an Amster- 
dam ship with broken yards and very mucli patched up. This 
agrees with tin» news brought us by tho Hon. Westorwolt, so that 
•he must have been the AmhviiH. And we are tho more inclined 
to believe this, l)ecauFo the Englishman coniniunic^itiMl witli her 
and was told that she was from jBatavia homeward bound ma the 
Gape, but in consequence of many storms she had suffered much 
damage and had become so leaky that she could hardly be kept 
going (1^ afloat), and was tlierefon» obliged to make for Mauritius. 
This the Englishman saw her doing. Wo trust that God the Lord 
will save her from disaster, and at tin» projHjr time conduct her 
hcmie. 

The goods in the yacht Marifn for In«lia and the 2 mediiiuo 
chests, too much for tho Tape, we have transhipi>ed into the 
Pmnnfif^ according to aimoxod report and invoice. They have 
not been entered in our books, as they were merely transferred 
from one vessel to anotiier. Some trouWe liad taken plac<' on the 
Proritètie which takes this. The skipper was placed in oonfinement 
during the voyage bv his suhonlinato oHlcMrs, and the chief mate, 
Pieter van Dalen, ai>pointed instead. Our r«»solutions on the 
subject you will gather from the annexed d<Munionts. We trust 
that what we have (hnw will mablo that vessi'l to voyage safely 
with God in the van, which may God grant. 

(Signed) Jan van Uikbkeck. 



Further and more certain marks taken and tixinl by Commaudt-r 
van Rielx'etk uid Skipper Claf> Frans<» Hordingh with the 
yacht ilarya, on the 6th and 7th Aug., 1607, who had visited 



332 

Robben Island expressly for the purpose, in order that during 
the night all large and small shi}>6 D)ay fearlessly enter Tablo 
Bay and reach the proper roadstead : — 

16.S7. That the ships approivehing towiinls evt^ning need not return to 

•>2iid'Aur **^» ^^^y *"^ ^^ ^^ "^ between the Peninsula and Robben Island, 
avoiding the rock "Walvis*' on which, hardly i (Dutch) mile 
from the said island, the sea heavily breaks. They shall proceed 
on that course at night until they sight tlie beac*on fire on the 
island, which is always lit by order, or during the day, the bea(;on 
hill, which is the highest on that island, to Üie N.N.W. of them. 
They are to steer 8.6.E. when they will escape all the foul spots 
below the Lion's Rump, and so safely enter the Bay until they 
sound 8 or less fathoms, aeoording to their size, keeping the Fort 
S.8.E. and thus southerly from them. This is the best and 
»H3urest anchorage. 

And in order to fix the iKisition of the Fort at night, it wouM 
be desirable that a beacon fire should be lit there also ; but this 
has been deemed inexpe<lient, as the Uottentoos often make fires 
in diiferont places, so that act^ordingly a wrong fire might be taken 
for the right one, as happened in the case of the Amem/oorty one 
of the Fleet under the Hon. Crab, which instead of finding the 
right roadstead w»s nearly wrecked. 

In order therefore not to be subject to such perils, it wai deemed 
advisable not to light fires anywhere in Table Bay, and expressly 
to warn the ships not to notice any except that on Robben Island, 
so that keeping that light to the N.N.W. of them, they may with 
a S.8.E. course safely enter the bay to 8 fathoms, even it it be 
very dark, for in the morning they will find themselves not far 
from the right roadstead. 

(Signed) J. van RiKiiKErK, and 

Claes Fraxsb B<mi>iNGH. 

List of annexures to preceding despatch. 

No, 3. Oopy of letter specially written lo the lion, van Qo«»ns, 
dated (?) August, 1007. 



To the Seventeen. For the Chambers Amsterdam and Zealand. 

Mi^ Auk. Reference made to tlie dc^spatches forwarde<l by the Englibli ship 
Wilnm, Ships' arrivals and departures. We exiHHfted sonii* asses 
with the PrnveHtivy but as she had called nowhere, she naturally 
brought us none. 

Some trouble had oo«urre<l on th<» PmrcHti^, Ucr 8klp|>er had 
committed adultery with the wife of th«* junior merchant liuybert 
van TToelt. Moreover he had been charged by the offioears with the 



888 

intention of bringing the ship to Angola or the BrazUs, bnt we ^^' 
found the eyideuoe weak. The officers however had placed him 31^ j^^^ 
in confinement on the 2l8t June, before their arrival here, appoint- 
ing in his place the chief mate Pieter van Dolen. What we have 
done in the matter you will gather from our Resolutions of the 8th 
and 18th instant. 

In reply to yours of the 11th and 16th April, and the letter 
from the Amsterdam Chamber, we have endeavoured to comply 
with your orders as regards the employment of the yachts in the 
■lave trade at Ghiinea and Angola, as will be seen from the annexed 
reeolution of the Broad Council, and the instructions given to the 
offioers, which required them strictly to adhere to your orders and 
in no way to go beyond them. 

We have also noted your reiterated orders regarding the 
development of agriculture, that we were to have always such a 
Quantity of grain on hand as will suffice for our sustenance and 
tnat of the crows of the two yachts. In order to realize your 
wishee, we have, through want of sufficient wheat, oats, barley, 
&c., taken out of the ships for sowing a quantity of beans and 
peas, and replaced the same with rice out of our own sober supplies. 
We did the same with the hors<* beans for the slaves from the 
Hasêf/ty which arrived hen» at the proper sowiug time, in order, if 
possible, not to be without any, but as the land is uncultivated and 
onlv ploughed for the tirst time, it will not produce as much as 
will be required for the purpose mentioned, for though at present 
between 60 and 70 morgen of land havt» be<»n so^ti oy the 
company and the burghers, a good [»ortiou oi' the yield must be 
■et aside for seed for the following season, which is the best 
for that puri>08e. For the pi-esent therefore the supply will he 
limited, bo that we have advistKi the officers of the Hmmelt to save 
their provisions on boanl wlierever supplies wen» obtainable, and to 
feed their men, as well as the slaves on what they might b<» able 
to buy and also till all the empty spaces in the ship with mealies 
and other durable com that they may be able to secure for the 
Cape, without interfering with the slave trade. W(» trust that this 
will be taken by you in good part, as the cargo sjniee will be quite 
large enough for the purpose. 

We agree with you that if the Company is not to carry on 
agrioultun» here, seventy or eighty men as well /is twenty or 
tliirty of the most inferior class of slaves will be quite sufficient for 
this establishmt*nt, for not much can be done with bad slaves. 
We shall, liowever, not refrain from promptly carr>'ing out your 
onlers on this head, as we am understand with you that thia is a 
place of gr<*at exp<nditure to you and should therefore be managed 
with the strict rst <»conomy. That we have done this from the 
commen»'«'ment, you will no doubt hav«» understood. 



884 

^^7. Regarding the four assistants you mention, one of them had 

M«t l^iiif. ^^® superintendence over the w^al fishing (now excused), the other 
as submitted by the junior merchant Verburgh, was required to 
accompany him to Madagascar, so that nerer more tnan two 
assistants have beer employed at this office together with the 
junior merchant, or in his stead a book-keeper to attend to the 
pay books, &q. This is the present position, as Mr. van Qoens 
also foimd and left it ; viz. ; — One book-keeper-assistant and two 
writers as yet holding only the rank of ** adelborsten," and five 
«liligent young f<*llows named Roeloff de Man, with the rank of 
assistant, almost entirely filling the place and performing the 
duties of tlie junior merchant Verburgh, as secunde — Abraham 
Gabbema and (it-rrenl Ralandt, writers, satisfai^torilv performing 
assistants' dutie?. The first named was by onler of the Hon. van 
Uoens sworn in as Secretary of the Council aud afterwards 
appointed Provisional FiB<*u8 and Sheriff (Land Srhout), without 
additional pay, subject to your approval, according to Ii(*8olutions 
of the 17th July, hereunto annexed. We take this opportunity to 
commend him to your favour. 

We have always been of your opinion that the ?>///> and similar 
vessels would be sufficiently manned with fifteen or sixteen souls, 
yea ! that, as merely employed for mercantile purposes, a smaller 
number even would suffice. But the ships' officers have always 
held a different view, alleging that three men here were not so 
good as one at home, and that there alwavs Christian harbours 
were visited, so that galiots and other small vessels only required 
a boy to take care of them, but that here in uoohnstian and 
savaffe harbours where boats have to land, always three times the 
number of men is required, viz. ; water oarriers, diachargers, and 
some armed men for their prot< (4ion, as well as othura remaining 
on boanl, so that in case those who land anywhere are all Idlled^ 
the ship may still have hands enough left to work her for her 
further voyage. You will likewise be pleased to believe that a 
large numl)er of men has always been more troublesome to and 
called us more anxiety than the woik continually going on here, 
for hitherto we have always been aoberiy provided with food and 
never dannl to take an abundant qnantity out of the passing ships. 

We also insisted that the little yacht Marya would be sufficiently 
manned with twenty-five souls, but her officers and those of the 
IfaMMt'/f declared that the Haxaeit required at least seventy and the 
Man/a thirty-six men, especially for cruising against the Portuguese 
about Angola, aoooniing to lleeolations of the 20th instant, here- 
unto anm^xed. 

The said yacht is, as you think, of the right kind to trade with 
Madagaacar and Mauritius, as at the former island a suffident 
(|uantity (»f ri(*e and cheap slaves are obtainable, for Sieur Verbuigh 
of the Tuip had obtaine<l there forty lasts of rioe and twentj-fi?« 



886 

slavee, before his vessel was wreoked, the slayes esoaping after the ^^7. 
disaster. The to*:al expenditure incurred by that vessel there, 3i„tAug. 
inoluding its stones for the voyage, amounted to f823. 7. 9, ai will 
be seen from our books and the annexed statement. 

That we did not farm out tiie miloh cows was beoause at the 
time there were no freemen, see our Resolution of the 1st October, 
1655, referred to in your letter. We have since advanced so much 
in the increase that at present we have more than forty young 
oxen, besides those not yet fully grown as well as some others, so 
that the Company can keep two and the freemen three ploughs 
going, as well as the wagons, and the country is being finely 
cultivated. But as there an» freemen now, it will be better, and 
more convenient to ourselves, that they should buy all the 
Company's euttlo — a matter already in training — besides what 
they may obtain by free barter (allowed them), as nothing is better 
taken care of than one's own property. For this reason we have 
also sold the Dutch sheep to the freemen at f3 each, provided that 
they shall resell them, when they have i^me into the breed, to 
nobody but the Com})any, should the latter require any, and at the 
same price. The cattle also have been given them on the same 
conditions and at f 12 each. 

We deem it a good thing to carry out " harder " fishing, and 
dry the fish e8]>ecially for the homewiurd bound vessels, but to tell 
you the truth, up to date we have hardly had a sufficient number 
of men to imdertake this work, and not even enough to fish for 
our own garrison, except now and then (eens te hooi ende te gras)^ 

And to entourage the freemen in their first beginnings (of the 
settlement), you will find from the conditions made with them, 
and confirmed by the Hon. van Goens, that the freemen were not 
allowed to cateh more fish than they required for their own use ; 
and that they were not to plant more groimd and garden produce 
than their own necessities demanded, that they might for the 
present devote all their attention to the cultivation of wheat, that 
this place, in accordance with your purpose need no longer require 
any food supplies from home or India, which we hope will be 
realised. 

We have already written to you the instnictions of the Hon. van 
Ooens regarding the obtaining of brandy from home, instead of 
arrack from India, so that we shall expect your decision on the 
subject. 

Your orders regarding the sale of goods to the men and debit 
their ac<*ount8 witii the same, will be carried out promptly. 

We are busy having all our l>ooks oopied, for transmisaioQ to 
Uatavia according to your orders; (beginning with the day on 
which the Company took possession here.) 

Your diH-isiou, not to send the third vessel to Arder, via the 
Castle Miuii, we have communicated to the officers of the i/rt^W/ 



886 

^^^T' and Man/a f in order, according to your orders, not to give them 
aiMtluK, vain hopes. 

Gt)d grant that the voyage of the said two yachts may have 
good success, to the profit of the Company. A few prises would 
cause no loss in this connection, as it is our opinion tmit the slaves 
with a cargo from India will be found a quarter as cheap, con- 
sidering that the goods oomine from home, are rather dear, and 
should the Ivory trade be added, it would be a fine thing for the 
Company ; the holds might then be filled with (? Ivory), and the 
decks (overloop), with slaves. But we have seen from the 
Commission of the West India Company, that this is not allowed, 
so that we did not dare to instruct the officers on this subject, 
especially as you made no mention of it. In the meanwhile we 
shall humbly await your orders on this traffic. It would not be 
bad, if the Company could obtain sufficient slaves from that 
quarter, as you would be able to obtain them much cheaper than 
otherwise with India cargo, and thus obtain a greater claim on the 
trade. 

We have often considered the letter of the 31 st Marc*h from 
the Amsterdam Chamber, and that of the 11th April of my Lords 
the Seventeen, especially regarding the 70 or 80 men and 80 or 
100 slaves to keep the work going here. This might be done if 
there were no lands to be cultivated for the Company, and only 
the i^ardens were to be looked after for refreshing the ships, 
keepmg watch, and repairing the Fort, carpentering, masoning, 
&c., and also that tcv amhl tfepetid on the ft-eemen for cuHitaiion. 
But thUfirat year icf did fêot dare to do iOyia order that they might 
proceed gradually and sow more erain, so as to have some for 
sowing next season. Already they have been provided with 
plough oxen, wagons and all lands of tools, but as soon as thev 
think that they have enough seed in the ground, they can with 
difficulty be kept to further ploughing, thouA^h they see themselves 
we are every day still working two ploughs for the Company. 
Every day they are encouraged to it, but it is to be hoped that 
they will better in future and that their inclination will develop, 
Ro that, should the Com{)any abandon it (agriculture), it would be 
able to get along with 70 or 80 paid servants and 20 or 30 slaves. 
But as long as the work with the ploughs are kept on, audi a 
small numMr will hardly suffice, as during the harvest too many 
men are requinni for mowing, threshing, cleaning, Av. 

When Mr. van Gh>ens was here, he agreed with us that we 
might also be relieved of the garden workers, leave the 
business to a private person and arrange with him to supply at a 
certain pri<-e />^v annum for the ships such ground and garden fruit 
as will be sufficient for two meab jter diem^ so long as Üiey remain 
here, as well as enough for a part of the voyage. This is already 
in hand. C>ur i'stimate comes to 2,00^» reals of eight, for we 



S37 

reckoned that it might bo managed by thirteen men (all Nether- ^^7- 
landers), but as we have now seen that at the lowest calculation, 31^^ Ai;r. 
it cannot bo mauag<'d witli less than twenty NetherlanderSy or six 
of our nation, or eighteen or twenty slaves, we oaloulste (having 
further considered the matter), that not less than between three 
and four thousand reals of eight will be saved (behouden 
blyven), as much work is connected with it; so tliat, if the 
Company were to decide aoeordingly, abandon agriculture, lime 
and brick - making, leaving all to the freemen, everything 
might t)o managed with seventy or eighty men at the utmost, 
besides twenty or thirty slaves of the Company, whilst we would 
be able to sell more slaves to the latter. 

We just mention the matter for your consideration, Mr. van 
(}oens having also uodertaken to disouss it with you. lu the 
meanwhile the gardens are attended to by 20 men as usual, and 
agriculture is lustily forwarded, but the jetty and other matters of 
less importance must be left in abeyance until a good com 
granary has been built, as well as a lodge for the Quinea and 
Angola slaves expected, &c. 

From our letter of the Ist July you will have gathered that 
during this rainy season the country was so wet and marshy that 
it would have been fruitless expense and trouble to have endea- 
voured to enclose the plain right across with an entrenchment, &c. 
We have since considered the other plan suggested by Mr. van 
Qoens, and described in his letter and charts, vis* : to shut up 
Uerry and his followers by means of five redoubts behind the 
mountains. We considered it on the 6th and 7th instant, and 
onoe again made a personal inspection with the skipper of the 
yaeht Mai^a^ who was waiting here for the yaoht EiaMilt^ and 
found that it could be done with little expense, and the natives 
shut off in the '^ Hout " valley by means of 5 redoubts, as pointed 
out by His Honour, but with a slight modification^ vix. : instead 
of the two redoubts at the Steenbergen, three should be placed in 
the Hout valley, one on the Clooff pass — ^marked in Mr. van 

Qoen's chart with the letter F 00 and the fifth about the middle 

of the ** Oevelbergen," between the Lion Clooff and Uout Bay, 
HO that the natives will be confined between very high mountains 
like walls, and none of them ablo to pass through without our 
consent. They would thus be kept under proper control, and 
would have suifioient good pasturage for thousands of cattle and 
sheep, from whose incretise the Company would greatly benefit, 
taking from them by barter as many as they can spare, and per- 
mitting the men to pass freely to and fro to enable them with the 
cop])er and tobacco so obtained to proef>ed inlaud and there barter 
more cattle fur themselves, and thus become traders for the 
<Jompany. Their cattle, however, should bo k«ipt ooufiund within 

Y 



338 

^^'* the prescribed limits, and be left in such large numbers that when 
aiHt Aug. thoy are out trading for the Company or themselves thoy may 
always long to return to their wives and their «greatest rielies. 
But in order to realize this, our proceedings should not hv 
premature, but conducted patiently and prudently, a8 alrea«ly our 
going out hither and thither is making them suspicious, so 
that they hardly venture to oome so near to us as before. It will 
accordingly be necessary, until your further orders, to keep quiet 
for a time and no longer inspect the places mentioned, as we have 
done so suffioientlv already, that their suspicion may die away and 
they may with friendliness be allured to the aforesaid Ilout 
valleys. We would then hurriedly commence and finish the work 
in the following manner, viz. : — Each of the five placres mentioned 
to be for the present occupied with 20 men, 10 of whom shall 
hurriedly erect the redoubts, as there are sufficient stones and 
timber in the neighbourhood, and also be armed ; the 10 others to 
be armed only to turn back Herry and the cattle and keep them 
within, or 100 men for the five places until the forts are finishe<l, 
and as long as the May and autumn ships follow each other, when 
each could be well garrisoned with 10 men, independent of the 70 
or 80 and the slaves reouired for the main garrison, so that all 
we have to do is to calculate the costs of this separate garrison in 
addition to those required for the present establishment, and com- 
pare the sum with the advantages which the Company would 
derive from these enclosures — ^the chief being that the Company 
would obtain its cattle from the enclosures whenever it liked in 
the form of usual but foroed barter, for copper and tobacco, and 
obtain them in such numbers as will be sufficient for the cx)ming 
and departing ships as well as the garrison, and thus economise 
its salt meat and pork. Moreover, the Company would be able 
to trade with more assurance with the Saldanhaxs, and the free- 
men's increase of cattle would provide sufficient meat for salting 
down for India. 

But this object will never be attained so long as Herry and the 
Caapmen are not under control, for in the open they are too quick 
for us, and refuse to sell us any cattle, however much they have. 
This we have often mentioned to you, and therefore expeot your 
final resolution on the subject. In the meanwhile we ^all keep 
quiet and as usual treat them kindly, in order to allay their 
suspicions as much as possible, and when we havo received your 
orders endeavour to lure them to the intended places and then 
suddenly on a favourable oooasion, in the manner mentioned, and 
with men of the ships, surprise and oonfine them doeely for the 
purpose already described. But we shall have to proceed with 
circumspection, as they ore commencing to speak a good deal of 
Dutch, and are daily becoming cleverer. 



339 

The steward Jan Jansz of Emden, who knows how to work i*^" 
with civet cata did not arrivo in the Maryüy and the instruotioDB ai^'Aug. 
sent us for our guidance havn also not arrived. Wo therefore 
expK5t them, as well at* 

Pimper "^ 

liose I 

wee ner v, trees or hushes, as we are still without them. 

Lavender and | 
LovMge J 

Annexe<l is a memorial of the frec^men submitted to us, with 
our remarks on the same. From it you will see that some of them 
do not agree vorj well \%ith each other, so that they would gladly 
part and buy each other out, but as they may not alienate their 
plots for 12 y<nir8 (according to the conditions made with them) 
this rannot v(»ry well \\q done ; and, as regards the stony nature 
of tlieir lands, extending in their length towards the mountains 
(ht't overgeberghte), such is the ease, and we have therefore 
i^nintinl them the diffen'nco on loan until your further orders. 
Thoy have aske<l us to write to you in their favour and we aeconl- 
ingly ilo so. 

Your letter of the 2(>th April, \teT Enck/iuysen, having informed 
us of the Fn'mh oquijmient of vessels to Madagascar and the 
probable arrival there) of five galleons and one pataohe from 
Tortugal bound to Goa, has decided us to ploot* ourselves in 
a thorough state of defence. After the end of the week our seed 
will be in the groimd and agiieulture can bo left a while in abej- 
ani«\ that the men may repair the walls of the fort, which have 
full» n awav in various places, and strengthen them with new 
palisjules, v^»-. We trust, however, that they will pass by and 
leave us in j>eaoe. 

(Signed) Jan van RiKHKBct^. 



Instructions for the officers of the yachts HanHfif and Marya^ to be 
carrie<l out, if possible, in conjunction with thosc^ of the 
Directors, provided, however, that in any case the latter shall 
bo followed and in no way ignored. 

«Sailing along the coast they shall m passanf call at Dassen 
Island, and there take on board two iron guns of 6 lbs. They 
are burie<l nearly opposite the house on the beach to the North, 
and their tturiages behind the house in the veld. They are for 
her b«»tter protection, to be placed on the Marya^ or on the Hanseif, 
insteml of the two lighter ones to be placed on the Marya. 

Attwrding to the opinion of Mr. Castelyn large tortoise shells, 
tit for making combs, <&c., can be obtained from the natives at 



340 

IW7. various sj^ots to the West of the Cape (hior besten de Gaep) so 
3iHt Aug. ^^^^ you should inquire into this matter enjtaHHant without in any 
way neglecting the orders of the masters. You shall also inquire 
after rhinoceros horns, ostrich feathers, honey and wax (the latter 
preferred to honey), and what merchandize is required for the 
trade. Care shall also be taken to mark down exactly on a chart 
— in triplicate — all harbours, bays, grounds, and rivers with their 
positions and distances. Journals shall also be carefully kept of 
every daily event. Also the ships' and business books. 

The goods traded away and the slaves, &c., obtained shall bo 
properly inventoried and submitted to us properly signed, that a 
proper account may be rendered according to the Masters' orders. 

A specification book shall be separately kept of all disburse- 
ments for refreshments and other ships' necessaries, that on your 
return the contents may be embo(lied in the general ships' 
expenditure account and other books, 

ohoiild you fall in with any Portuguese places, you shall, if 
possible, and without wasting time for it, carefully examine and 
make a drawing of the whole, that our masters may make use of 
it wh(»never they may deem it necessary. 

You are not to accept any old. lame, cripple, or sick slaves, and 
OS few women as {>os8ible, as wo would not know wliat to do with 
them, unable as they would be to work. 

Wherever any mealies, rice, beans, peas, or similar grain is 
obtainable, you shall buy as much as you can stow away, that the 
cargo may produce sufficient profit b^des the slave trade, for we 
are very much in want of these foodstuffs here. 

You shall also inquire whether you will not be able to bring 
over with you meat and pork salted down in oasks or dried. For 
that purpose the Haneelt takes 2 and the Mart/a 1 leaguer salt, a 
last altogether, because at Annabon pigs are obtainable for salt, 
according to certain journals. Wherever fresh food, such as sweet 
potatoes, ** ouvis Fuyanius," fresh meat and pork are obtainable, 
the ships' preserved provisions are to b<» spared, and only fresh food 
shall be given out. You shall also take with you on the 
voyage for the slaves, as much fresh stores as will keep, in- 
dependent of the mealies, &v,, which, as already said, are to be 
bought everywhere and in such quantities as will not interfere with 
the slave trade. Wherever palm oil is obtainable, it .shall be used 
instead of olive. A (piantity (of the foodstuffs above mentioned) 
may also be brought hither in onler as much as possible to 
•oonomi^e the fatherland stores. 

We woidd not consider it strange, if for this purpose you filled 
some casks with lard (cuddel>oter) where pigs are obtainable in 
great abundance, and brought it to us ; this would also save oil 
and fatherland butter. We aooonlingly also give you, to take 
with you, a quantity of pepper. 



341 

The Masters havo ako writ ton \iB to or«ler ytm to brin;^ back ^•*^- 
with you some Guinea civet cats. Ploase to remember this and ^i^t^ug. 
carry out the order, if possible. 

From Arder you are to bring ua 2 male and 4 female asaee, 
even if you brought two slaves less for each ass, that wo may get 
into the breed. We giv(^ you two pockets of letters to be sent 
home to the masters by a trusted opportunity, each in a separate 
vessel. 

You will do well, according to orders, to communicate to the 
Directors your adventures, whenever an opportunity offers, as 
well as what kind of merchandize is generally required. 

Should you fall in with no prizes on the coast of Angola, and 
you decide according to the orders of the masters to proceed to 
Arder and despatch the Man/a back to this, we would not (X)n8ider 
it strange, if you deliberated about letting her cniise a little while 
longer, and on her way hither touch at St. Helena Nova, to 
discover what roadstead, harbour, or opportunities the Portuguese 
have there ; thence she might call at Old St. Helena to catch the 
horses there, which have inoreascni to 7, and are highly wanted 
here. Accordingly, we offer you a reward of Rds. 20 for ever>' 
one brought here alive. 

You shall also take with you thence as many young pigs, 
orange and apple trees, as possible, for breeding and planting here, 
as we fiiid that they thrive» well here and the trees grow beautifully. 
You will therefore rn /tasmnf keep this in mind and do your best 
to obtain them. 

We trust that you will not return without good booty and 
prizes, that the trip may not be an expense to the Company, but 
your own individual honour augmented. And should you 
find anything in the prizes that you may think can be profitably 
sold at Guinea, you may take out of them as much as you may 
deem nectrssary for the purpose ; the rest you are to send hither. 
May the Almighty grant his blessing on the expedition, and 
grant you a fortuuate and safe voyage. Amen. 

Tu the Fort the Good Hope this 'Jlst day of August, HJoT. 

(Signe<l) J. VAN Rikbfkck. 

List of papers a<ldr«*ssed to the Lords Seventeen, delivered to 
the yaclit llmself pro^'eediug to Guinea. 



To Batavia. 



y Mir last was dated the 'JJud August last. . . . We send you 2nd s. pt. 
by this vessel (the Enrkhtnjsm) a large quantity of garden seeds in 



342 

^^' 10 large and small bags. Should you think that more will be 
2iid h^t. annually required for India, we shall gladly await your orders for 
our guidance ; also what kinds yon require, much or little, and 
what is your sowing season. . . . 

Memorial of the freemen referred to (see preceding despatch 
to the Seventeen). 

As the Hon. van Goens is well acquainted with Cape conditions 
we deemed it advisable to send you a copy of the memorial, that 
having consulted with his Honour about it, you may send us such 
orders as you may deem best in the interest of the Company. 

Ships arrivals and departures, &c. 

(Signed) Johan van Biehbrck. 



To Batavia. 

mh Sept. The ship Rotierdam^ ready to leave on the 2nd instant, was 

detained by a N.W. gale, which the next day caused her to drag 
her anchors so that she finally had from 4 to 4 J fathoms of water 
under her. Accordingly she began to bump, but no boat could go 
out to her assistance. On the evening of the 5th she was obliged 
to cut her main mast and throw all her wat(*r overboard, so that 
she will require 3 or 4 wet^ks for n^pairs. As men are wanted in 
India W(» have transferred 80 of her crew to the Enckhuysru. 
Thank Üod ! her bumping caused no leakage whatever. She 
however, had encountered great danger, for when we went on 
board on the 6th to render her such assistance as we could, we 
found her riding at one anchor, and that two strands of her cable 
had snapped, and when the anchor had been lifted that both the 
flukes wen' broken, so that, if the weather had continued a little 
longer she would have drifted on shore before our eyes. . . . The 
three millwrights having finished their work at the horse and 
barley mill, now leave in the Enrkhnysen, . . . 

(Signe<l) J. VAN Rieher( k. 

List of papers sent to India by the EnrkhttyHvu, 

No. 11. Memorial of the Freemen <see prec^ling det(]»atche8). 



To Batavia. 

SSthSept. Our last was dated the 8th instant, per Emkhuyjien. Tlie 
Rottenlam having been repain^l, will take this. . . . The OUphauf 
bas not yet arrivcnl ; we trust that she and Het Unff ran Xeelant 
have passed. What was shipped for us in the Oliphant^ the annexed 
invoice will show. We hope you will send the goods back in the 



343 

n»tuni ships, esj^ecially the shoes whicïh are much required by the i®'^7. 

If any new Japan Padtly from Japan were obtainable, it 
would probably thrive better here in this colder climate than other 
sorts, which though they sprout forth, have never yet come to 
p«Tfection in spite of all the trouble we have taken, and no matter 
at what seoHon of the year we have made a trial. 

We would also like to know for certain at what time of the year 
it must be sown and how it is to be further treated, that we may 
act accordingly, as in our humble opinion it is the most nourishing 
and serviceable of all grain, even more so than wheat and barley, or 
whatever else there may be, in as much as it is bread and petfood 
together for the ordinary individual (den gemeenen man) and the 
cheapest ; though wheat, barley, &c., for bread, and pearl barley 
are aim very necessary, and should therefore be no less cultivated, 
as many offer themselves for freedom. If we could only provide 
them sufficiently with draught oxen or horses! This is our 
principal want, otherwise agprioulture would lustily develop here. 
The Company's gardener has also become a freeman, so that there 
are now six companies. Moreover we are in treaty with others 
who dc»!iro to become free carpenters, in order, without expense to 
the Company, to build the houses and granaries, &c.,of tne free- 
men. This we deemed very expedient and necessary, so that we 
intend to further their object as much as possible, as it will no 
longer be possible to assist the freemen with the Company's few 
carpenters, as we ourselves are buildinff a large oom granary 
(groote coren Sohuer) in which to keep and thresh the grain of the 
Company now standing in the fields and soon to be gathered. 
This is a big work, so that even the jetty and all other (though 
necessary) work have to be left in abeyance this season. . . . 

(Signed) J. van Riehreck. 
List of annexiures to preceding despatoh. 



To BaUvia. 

Our last was dated the 28th Sept. last. The fFakU will bring loth Nov. 
you this, as well as copies of the Directors' letters to us, including 
their instructions regarding 3 leaguers of prepared water shipped 
as a trial in this vessel. 

With the officers we tasted the water. That in two of the 
leaguers stank very much, but that in Hie third was fairly good, 
but not so good as the unprepared water which we found as fresh 
as if it hod just been drawn f mm tlie Meuse. How it will turn 
out later on, time will show. We have kept here one prepared, 
and one unprepared leaguer of water, to see which will keep best 



344 

16Ó7. the longest, proposing to taste the water overy two months, and 
loth Nov. ^^^^^ ^^^^ ^®^d it home by the return Heet, that their Honours 
may also be able to judge for themselves. 

As for about 2^ years no natives from the interior have brought 
us any cattle, we, in accordance with Mr. van Goens' orders 
despatched on the IDth of last month — the rainy season being over — 
an expedition of 15 men and 9 oxen carrying their merchandize and 
provisions. Tb(^y returned on tlie Sth instant as they were unable 
to cross a large broad ri^er mostly to the N.E. of this, which on 
account of its depth and stnmg current was impassable until the 
dry season, so that our people could not reach the right tribes of 
the interior, or get a sight of them, as they were some days 
travelling from the rivor on the other side. They could only find 
those living «m tin»* side, mostly adherents of Herry and Caapmen, 
who, although they are rich in cattle, refuse to part with any, so 
that our men only obtained 7 cows, 3 calves and 41 lean sheep, 
which together did not pay the costs of the provisions consumed on 
the journey. We intend to make another trial at the end of 
December or the beginning of January, as, aooording to some 
Hottentoos, the Saldanhars will then be in the neighbourhood of 
that river for the sake of the water ; but though no dependence 
can be placed on such statements, we hope to be able then to cross 
the river with our pack oxen, and penetrating further inland, 
reach the real Saldanhars, in order to barter a good number 
of cattle from them, on which the continuance of agrioulture 
principally depends, and which cannot be kept going 
without oxen or horses. It is tlie same with stook breeding, in 
order to obtain young oxen, milk and butter, which will 
;n course of time be abundant here; also grain, which we 
hhall begin to reap in this and the next month, especially 
wheat, ttfirley and oats, which are now as beautifully stand- 
ing in their ears, and beginning to ripen, as in any other 
itjuiitry in the world. The peas and beans in this new 
country do not, however, appear to thrive very well, so that we 
Fiiall suffer a great loss in pulse, as we have for sowing landed 
much ]mi8 and 1)eans from the ships, in exchange ior riee 
drawn f i om our sober supplies. We thought thus to obtain more, 
]>ut wen» disappointe<l, so that we shall again hlive to live 
sparingly ; hence, if practicable, we would like to be [abundantly 
Mipplied by you with rice, l)ean8 and oadjan^h, as we expect many 
eaters with the yachts from Angola and Guinea, and toe yaohts 
also will have to be supplied from our scanty stores. 

AnnexiHl is our journal as sent home with the lion. Crab. The 
rest we hope to send by the Oliphant^ should she arrive 

We also send you the journal of the men of the expedition 
aboiH» mentionefl. Wo shall not negleet to send you hwik tim« to 



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