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Phase II: Campaign Practices 


Book 12 

Printed for the use of the 
Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities 


Concord, New Hampshire 03301 

ON DEPOvSIT '^^ ' " ^^^"^ 










Phase II: Campaign Practices 


Book 12 

Printed for the use of the 
Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities 

21-296 O WASHINGTON : 1974 

For sale by the Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office 
Washington, D.C. 20402 - Price $3.00 


(Established by S. Res. 60, 93d Congress, 1st Session) 

SAM J. ERVIN, Jr., North Carolina, Chairman 
HOWARD H. BAKER, Jr., Tennessee, Vice Chairman 


DANIEL K. INOUYE, Hawaii LOWELL P. WEICKER, Jr., Connecticut 


Samuel Dash, Chief Counsel and Staff Director 

Fred D. Thompson, Minority Counsel 

RuFus L. Edmisten, Deputy Chief Counsel 

Arthur S. Miller, Chief Consultant 
David M. Dorsen, Assistant Chief Counsel 
Terry F. Lenzner, Assistant Chief Counsel 
James Hamilton, Assistant Chief Counsel 

Carmine S. Bellino, Chief Investigator 

Wayne H. Bishop, Chief Field Investigator 

Eugene Boyce, Hearings Record Counsel 

Marc Lackritz, Assistant Counsel 
William T. Mayton, Assistant Counsel 
Ronald D. Rotunda, Assistant Counsel 

Barry Schochet, Assistant Counsel 

W. Dennis Summers, Assistant Counsel 

James C. Moore, Assistant Counsel 

Donald G. Sanders, Deputy Minority Counsel 

Howard S. Liebengood, Assistant Minority Counsel 

Michael J. Madigan, Assistant Minority Counsel 

Richard L. Schultz, Assistant Minority Counsel 

Robert Silverstein, Assistant Minority Counsel 

Carolyn M. Andrade, Administrative Assistant 

Carolyn E. Cohen, Office Manager 

Joan C. Cole, Secretary to the Minority 




Thursday, November 1. 1973 4897 

Tuesday, November 6, 1973 4947 


Thursday. November 1, 1973 

MacGregor. Clark, former Member of the House of Representatives ; former 
counsel to the President for Congressional Relations, and director of the 
Committee To Re-Elect the President 4898 

Tuesday, November 6, 1973 

Campbell. Truman F., attorney-at-law. Chairman of the Republican Cen- 
tral Committee of Fresno County, State of California 4947 

Heller. Michael, student at Mount Hood Community College, Gresham, 

Oreg. 4964 

Brindze. Paul, student at UCLA, Los Angeles, Calif. Attended the national 
convention as a McGovern delegate 4975 

Carter. Hon. Tim Lee. a Representative in Congress from the Fifth District 
of Kentucky. Delegate to the 1972 Republican National Convention and 
member of the Platform committee 498(i 

Sullivan, Jeremiah P., Police Superintendent, Boston, Mass 4996 


Ervin. Hon. Sam J., Jr MacGregor : 4933-4935. 

Campbell: 4961. Heller: 4974. Carter: 4990. 4991. Sullivan: 5002, 

Baker, Hon. Howard H., .Tr MacGregor: 4926-4929. 

Campbell : 4955-1958. 4963, 4964. Heller : 4971, 4972. Carter : 4991- 


Talmadge. Hon. Herman E MacGregor: 4930-4934. Carter: 4994,4995. 

IiTouye. Hon. Daniel K Campbell: 4958. 

Montoya, Hon. Joseph M MacGregor : 4921-4926. 

Campbell: 495S-4961. Heller: 4972^974. Sullivan: 5005, 5006. 

Weicker. Hon. Lowell P., Jr MacGregor: 4914-4921. 

4935-4945. Sullivan : 5003, 5004. ' 
Dash. Samuel, Chief Counsel and Staff Director MacGregor : 4897-4912. 

Campbell : 4953^955, 4962, 4963. Heller : 4964-4970. Brindze : 4975- 

Thompson, Fred D.. Minority Counsel Campbell: 4947-4953, 

4961, 4962. Heller: 4970, 4971, 4974, 4975. Brindze: 4981^985. 

Carter : 4986-4990, 4995. Sullivan : 4996-5000. 

Lenzner, Terry F., Assistant Chief Councel Sullivan : 5000-5002. 

Liebengood, Howard S., Assistant Minority Counsel MacGregor : 4912—4914. 


No. 246— (4905) Washington Post article dated October 18. 1972, re : Clark 

MacGregor statement and news release 5019 

No. 247— (4908) Flier with the words "NIXON IS TREYF" at top of page_ 5022 



No. 248 — (4969) Leaflet entitled "Who is our Candidate for President", 

printed in English on one side and Yiddish on the reverse P^se 

side 5023 

No. 249 — (4969) Letter from Harry Essrig, vice president, Board of Rab- 
bis of Southern California, to Mr. Albert A. Spiegel, dated Oc- 
tober 13, 1973, re : Board of Rabbis not having supported any 

Presidential candidate in 1972 5025 

No. 250 — (4970) Newspaper column by Jack Anderson from the Washing- 
ton Post dated October 25, 1971 5026 

No. 251 — (4970) Newspaper column by Jack Anderson from the Washing- 
ton Post dated September 24. 1971 5027 

No. 252 — (4970) Newspaper column by Jack Anderson from the Washing- 
ton Post dated November 10, 1971 5029 

No. 253 — (4999) Photograph of injured Boston police officer lying on 

the ground during a demonstration 5031 

No. 254 — (4999) Photograph of crowd of demonstrators being repelled by 

Boston police on surge toward armory 5032 

No. 255 — (4999) Photograph of burning newsman's car across the street 

from armory 5033 

No. 256-1* — Affidavit, with attachments of James F. Wymore, executive 
director of the State Committee of the Republican Party, 

State of Arizona 5034 

No. 256-2 — Affidavit of Richard L. Schultz, assistant minority counsel. 
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Ac- 
tivities 5048 

No. 256-3 — Affidavit of Truman F. Campbell, chairman, Fresno County 

Repul)lican Central Committee, Fresno, Calif 5051 

No. 256-4 — Affidavit of W. Dewey Clower with attachment 5055 

No. 256-5 — Affidavit of Michael Barry Heller 5059 

No. 256-6 — Affidavit, with attachment, of Byron S. James, employee of Cal- 
ifornia Committee for the Re-Election of the President, 

April 1-November 15, 1972 5061 

No. 256-7 — Affidavit of John C. Lungren, M.D., Long Beach. Calif., with 
photographs depicting the damage done to office of his sec- 
retary on break-in on September 21, 1972 5065 

No. 256-8— Affidavit of Paul R. Toland with attachments 5070 

No. 256-9 — Affidavit of Shelton A. Thorne. chairman for the Agnew Ap- 
pearance Day in Tampa, Fla.. September 29. 1972 5073 

No. 256-10 — Affidavit of George Norman Bishop, Jr., Columbus, Ga., south- 
ern regional director of the Republican National Commit- 
tee 5076 

No. 256-11— Affidavit of Mrs. John Harkins. Sandy Springs. Ga 5078 

No. 256-12— Affidavit, with attachment, of Linda Miller, staff member for 

the Georgia Committee for the Re-Election of the President- 5080 

No. 256-13— Affidavit of Merritt R. Laubenheimer, Jr 5082 

No. 256-14 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Alexander C. Ray. executive 

director. Maine Republican State Committee 5084 

No. 256-15 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Joann Rogers Niefeld, Rock- 

ville, Md 5095 

No. 256-16 — Affidavit, with attachment, of Samuel Hopkins, Baltimore, 

Md. 5097 

No. 256-17 — Affidavit, with attachments, of George Collins, Librarian at 

the Boston Globe, Boston. Mass 5102 

No. 256-18— Affidavit, with attachment, of Daniel M. Durand. Fall River, 

Mass. 5107 

No. 256-19 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Gregory Gallagher, former 
executive director of the Committee to Re-Elect the Presi- 
dent in Massachusetts 5110 

No. 256-20 — Affidavit, witli attachments, of Raymond N. Tuller. Spring- 
field. Mass 5116 

No. 256-21 — Letter to Mr. Ronald Riggs, Senate Committee on Presidential 
Campaign Activities, from Arthur J. Stock. Minnesota at- 
torney, with his affidavit attached 5120 

*Exhlhits 2.50-1 through 256-40 offici.nlly made of the record on page 5009. 

Note. — Figures in parentheses indicate page that exhibit was officially made part of 
the record. 

No. 256-22 — Affidavit, with attacliments. of Chester A. Oman, county Re- Pa^ 

puhlican cliairnian. Bemidji. Minn 5125 

No. 256-23 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Arthur C. Egan. Jr.. Man- 
chester Union Leader. Manchester. N.H 5127 

No. 256-24 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Donald F. Glennon. lieutenant, 

Mancliester Police Department, Manchester, N.H 5135 

No. 256-25— Affidavit of Paula E. Maloy, State Special Projects Coordina- 
tor. 1972. New Mexico Committee for the Re-Election of 

the President 5143 

No. 256-26 — Affidavit of Willard Lewis, campaign manager. New Mexico 

Committee for the Re-Election of the President 5147 

No. 256-27— Affidavit of William Kapps, New York. N.Y 5151 

No. 256-28 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Robert I. Hislop. Jr.. detective. 

Columbus. Ohio, Police Department, Intelligence Bureau 5153 

No. 256-29 — Affidavit of Ella Carol Jacques, campaign manager. Montgom- 
ery Countv Committee to Re-Elect the President, Dayton. 

Ohio 1 5163 

No. 256-30 — Affidavit of Richard J. Bigda. chairman. Tulsa Committee 

for the Re-Election of the President, Tulsa. Okla 5165 

No. 256-31 — Affidavit of Merrill R. .Lacobs. 1972 Oklahoma chairman. 

Young Voters for the President. Tulsa. Okla 5168 

No. 256-32 — Affidavit of Jim Rodriguez, youth coordinator, Tulsa County 
Committee for the Re-Election of the President, Tulsa, 

Okla. 5170 

No. 25&-33 — Affidavit of Samuel R. Caltagirone (enclosure not supplied). 5173 
No. 256-34 — Affidavit of Jack Moore, staff writer, Lancaster New Era. 

Lancaster. Pa. (enclosure not supplied) 5174 

No. 256-35— Affidavit, with attachments, of George Willeford. Jr.. M.D.. 

State chairman. Texas Republican Party, Austin, Tex — 5176 
No. 256-36 — Affidavit, with attachment, of Howard F. Roycroft. advance 
aide to President Nixon and meml)ers of the First Family 

during the 1972 Presidential campaign 5181 

No. 256-37 — Affidavit of Richard M. Cohen, former McGovern campaign 

worker in 1972 5182 

No. 256-38 — Affidavit, with attachment, of Toni B. Greenwood, office man- 
ager in 1972 for the Washington, D.C. office of Democrats 

for Nixon 5185 

No. 256-39 — Affidavit, with attachments, of Robert C. Odle. Jr.. director 
of administration for the Committee for the Re-Election of 

the President during the 1972 campaign 5188 

No. 256-40 — Affidavit of David B. Kennedy. 1972 chairman, Republican 

State Central Committee of Wyoming 5194 

No. 257 — ^(5015) T>etter to Mr. Robert Silverstein. assistant minority coun- 
sel. Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Ac- 
tivities from Frank Panzarino, assistant director, MSCA, dated 
October 11, 1973. Subject : Tran.smittal of after action report — 

Operation Dade. Report attached 5196 

No. 258 — -(5015) letter to Mr. Robert Silverstein from Rocky Pomerance, 
chief of police. Miami Beach, Fla., with enclosure "Chronologi- 
cal Log of Events" of the 1972 convention week, Miami Beach, 

Fla. __: 5219 

No. 259— (5016) Notarized letter of Lyle R. Graser to Mr. Robert Silver- 
stein. dated October 5, 1973. re : Graser's experiences in Miami 

Beach during 1972 convention week, August 19-24 5258 

No. 260 — (5016) Affidavit of Howard S. Liebengood, assistant minority- 
counsel. Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign 
Activities re: Enclosed letter of Dr. Neal D. Thigpen to the 

Select Committee 5261 

No. 261— (5017) Memorandum for Jeb S. Magruder from E. D. Failor, 
.subject : McGovem-Shriver confrontation, dated September 23, 
1972 - 5265 


Affidavit of Anthony H. Barash, commenting on testimony of Michael Mc- 

Minoway and Frank Mankiewiez, hearings of October 10 and 11, 1973- _ 5267 

Note. — Figures in parentheses indicate page that exhibit was officially made part of 
the record. 



U.S. Senate, 
Select Committee on 
Presidential Campaign Activities, 

Washington, B.C. 

The Select Committee met, pursuant to recess, at 10 a.m., in room 
318. Russell Senate Office Building, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr., 

Present: Senatore Ervin, Talmadge, Montoya, Baker, and Weicker, 

Also present : Samuel Dash, chief coimsel and staff director ; Ruf us 
L. Edmisten, deputy chief counsel; David M. Dorsen, assistant chief 
counsel; Barry Schochet. assistant majority counsel; Ho^Yard S. 
Liebengood and Robert Silverstein, assistant minority counsels; Jed 
Johnson, investigator; Pauline O. Dement, research assistant; Eiler 
Ravnholt, office of Senator Inouye; Ron McMahan, assistant to Sen- 
ator Baker; A. Searle Field, assistant to Senator AVeicker; Ray St 
Armand. assistant publications clerk. 

Senator Baker [presiding]. The committee will come to order. 

The chairman asked me to convene the hearings and commence 
in his absence because of necessary prior commitments. He will be here 

Our first witness this morning is INIr. Clark MacGregor, a former 
member of the House of Representatives, and former campaign man- 
ager for President Nixon. 

Mr. MacGregor, if you would stand and hold up your hand, I will 
administer the oath. 

Do you solemnly swear that the testimony you are about to give will 
be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you 

Mr. MacGregor. I do. 

Senator Baker. Thank you, Mr. MacGregor. 

Mr. MacGregor is not accompanied by counsel. 

He is appearing voluntarily before the committee. He is another in a 
series of witnesses who have appeared who have dealt directly with 
Presidential campaigning and we are happy for his appearance. 

Mr. Dash, would you commence the interrogation? 

Mr. Dash. Yes. 

Mr. Chairman, I Avould also like to begin by stating to Mr. Mac- 
Gregor that we appreciate not only his coming voluntarily but the co- 
operation he has given the committee each time the committee has 
called upon him to ask him questions, whether in his office or coming 



to the committee offices. He has promptly complied at all times and I 
do want to have on the record that statement that Mr. MacGregor has 
completely cooperated with the committee. 


Mr. MacGregok. Thank yon, Mr. Dash, for yonr oenerons 

]\Ir. Dash. Mv. MacGregor will you briefly state for the I'ecord yonr 
professional backoronud prior to the time yon entered the White 
House in an official position ? 

Mv. MacGreoor. Yes; I would be happy to, Mr. Dash. And with 
the permission of the vice chairman of this distinguished commit- 
tee — — 

Mr. Dash. Excuse me; do you have a statement to make? 

Mr. MacGregor. I have a very short opening statement, and if I may 
read that 

Mr. Dash. Yon may do that. 

Mr. MacGrfxior. Then I would respond to vour questions. 

INIr. Dash. All right. 

Mr. MacGregor. Mr. Vice Chairman and members of the Senate 
Select Committee, as one who served in the U.S. House of Representa- 
tives with a majority of the members of this distinguished connnittee, 
and as one who has enjoyed a productive relationshij:) with all seven 
Senators on the committee, I welcome the opportunity to be of as- 
sistance to you. 

During the 18 weeks in which I directed President Nixon's reelection 
campaign, I was proud of the way moi-e than 1 million Americans, 
almost all of them volunteer workers, dedicated themselves to the job 
of properly producing a 49-State victory. 

Mr. Dash, before my election to the U.S. House of Representatives 
in November of 1060, I was a practicing lawyer in the State of ]Min- 
nesota. T pi-acticed law in IMinnesota for some 12 years before my 
election to the Congress. I sei'ved in the V'.S. House of Representatives 
from January o, 1961, until January ;>, 1971. 

Mr. Dash. When did you first meet President Nixon — come to work 
for him in a political campaign ? 

Mr. MacGregor. The fii'st work that I did was as a block worker 
in the 1950 Eisenhower-Nixon reelection campaign. I do not believe 
that I worked in the Presidential campaign in 1952. It is my recollec- 
tion that T, along with my wife, did some neighboi* woi'k for a con- 
gressional candidate in the district in which we lived in JMinnesota. T 
fii'st met iNfr. Nixon when he was Senator Nixon, when he spoke in the 
city of Minneapolis, either the latter part of 1951 or the early pait of 
1952, under the auspices of former ^linnesota Cona^ressman Walter 

Mr. Dash. Now, there came a time when you obtained a White House 
position. ^AHien was that ? 

Mr. ^[acGregor. After I was defeated in Novenib(M' of 1970 in a 
contest for the seat in the U.S. Senate for ]\[innesota T had planned to 
finish out my fifth tei"m as a TT.S. Representative in Congress and then 
retm-n to private life, but 2 days following the 1960 — correction, 1970 


U-eiioral election. 1 was advised the President wanted to talk to mc 
about a position on the senior AVhite House staff. 

Mr. Dash. And did vou obtain that [)osition ^ 

Mr. MacGreoor. Yes. On January -1 1071, when my term in Con- 
gress expired. I started work in the AVhite House as counsel to the 
President for cono-ressional relations. 

Mr. Dash. Can you briefly tell the conunittee Avhat your function 
was in that position ? 

Mr. ]\L\cGrkgor. To assist in the formulation and i^resentation in 
efforts to o-ain paSvSa^re of key leoislation of interest to tlie President. 

Mr. Dash. Did that also include any type of liaison relatiouship be- 
tween the AA^hite House and the Cono;ress ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes. 

Mr. Dash. AVould it include liaison relationship concerning con- 
firmation of various persons appearing before the Congress or the 
Senate for confirmation? 

Mr. IMacGregor. Major appointments : yes. 

Mr. Dash. Did you play a role in the confirmation proceedings of 
Mr. Kleindienst for Attorney General ? 

Mr. MacGrfxior. Yes ; I did. 

Mr, Dash. By the way. were you aware of the memorandum wdiich 
this committee has produced wlien Mr. Haldeman was testifying — a 
memorandum of March 80, 1972, from Mr. Colson to Mr. Haldeman 
identifying certain ]:)roblems concerning tliat ITT memo. It referred 
to you and, initially not concerning those problems, but raised the 
question that, ap))arently, Mr. Haldeman had suggested some other 
ty}>e of relationshi]> during the confii-mation and Mr. Colson was urg- 
ing that, because of your long experience with the Congress, that your 
role should be continued in a particular way. AA^ere you aw^are Mr. 
Colson had sent such a memo to Mr. Haldeman ? 

Mr. MacGregor. No ; I was not, Mr. Dash. My first knowledge of 
that memorandmn came in the news reports following the hearings of 
this distinguished committee at which the memorandum w\as referred 

Mr. Dash. Now, you did ultimately take over the position that Mr. 
John Mitchell had as director of President Nixon's reelection 
campaign ? 

Mr. MacGrfvGor. I did. 

Mr. Dash. AAHien was that? 

Mr. MacGregor. Officially Saturday, July 1, 1972. For all practical 
purposes, because I had to close up my office in the AAHiite House, my 
first working day as director of the Connnittee To Re-Elect the Pres- 
ident was on Monday, July 3, 1972. 

Mr. Dash. Now, prior to that period of time when you took over this 
position, had you any connection with, or knowledge of, the begin- 
ning of the Committee To Re-Elect the President? 

Mr. MacGrfx!OR. Only such knowledge as one who officed in the west 
wdng of the AAHiite House and attended meetings would be apprised of 
because of the comments of others. I had no role to play before July 1, 
1972, and specifically no role to play during the calendar year 1971 in 
the steps that were taken to set up the campaign organization. 

Mr. Dash. AA^ere you aware that a number of AA^iite House person- 
nel moved over to the committee during the years of 1971-72 ? 


Mr. MacGregor. I was; and, of course, I was interested in the Presi- 
dent's reelection and I think I did follow the newspaper accounts of 
the development and proo^ress of the Committee To Re-Elect the Presi- 
dent. There was consideral)le newspaper coverage of it during 1971 
and in eai'ly 1972. In addition, as I have indicated, being in and around 
the White House T naturally heard casual conversation about the 

Mr. Dash. Did you have a staff working relationship with Mr. 

Mr. MacGreoor. Yes, We officed next to one another. I occupied 
the office on the first floor of the west wing in the Wliite House between 
Plenry Kissinger and Bob Haldeman, and I had close working rela- 
tionships ])ersonally with both of those men and with othere in the 
White House. 

Mr. Dasit. During this time, did you kncnv that Mr. Gordon Strachan 
was serving as sort of a liaison ])erson between the Committee To 
Re-Elect the President and Mr. Haldeman and others at the AVhite 
House concerning matters that were relevant to the Wliite House? 

Mr. MacGreoor. I don't believe I was made aware of that until aft^r 
July 1,1972. 

Mr. Dash. So while you were in the White House, actually Mr. 
Gordon Strachan didn't disseminate any information to you from the 
Committee To Re-Elect the President ? 

MacGregor. No. 

Mr. Dash. Could you briefly o:ive us the circumstances under which 
you ^vere appointed to the position of director of President Nixon's 
campaign ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Pursuant to the President's request, I met with him 
in the Oval Office in the west wing of the White House late in the 
aftei-noon of Friday, June 30, of last year. He advised me that, for 
compelling family reasons, Mr. Mitcliell felt that he could not con- 
tinue ; the Pi-esident asked me if I would take over. 

Mr. Dash. Now, when you took over this position, you were ob- 
viously aware, from newspaper accounts certainly and from accounts 
or discussions either at the White House or the committee, of the 
break-in at tlie Watergate of June 17, 1972 ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes. During the 2 weeks preceding the start of 
my responsibilities in the campaign, I was aware of the news coverage 
and, I think, followed it very closely daily in the newspapers, on 
radio, and on television. 

Mr. Dash. Would it be true to say this was also a topic of interest — 
in fact of intense interest — in the White House while you were there? 

Mr. MacGre<;()r. During those 2 weeks, yes. 

Mr. Dash. Were you aware at the time you took this position that 
certain employees of the Committee To Re-Elect the President had 
been identified as being involved in that break-in ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes T don't know whether the initial coverage on 
Sunday, the next day aifer the appi'ehension of the burglars, identified 
Mr. McCord as an official of the reelection committee, l)ut if it wasn't 
in that first extensive front-page story in the Washington Post, it 
occurred shortly thereafter, either in the Post, Star-News, or New York 
Times, or other newspapers that I customarily read. 


Then I was familiar with the fact that there was some evidence of 
the involvement of somebody named Hunt, and later I think there 
was newspaper coveraiie about the i)ossible involvements of somebody 
named Liddy. Yes; I was aware of those, primarily from reading the 
newspapei-s and listening to radio and television. I don't recall that 
I was present at any regular meetings in the White House where the 
names of Hunt and' Liddy came up but it may have happened. 

Mr. Dash. Did this cause you any concern in taking over a post of 
directing this Committee To Re-Elect the President that had now^ been 
identified with this break-in and, if it did, did you make any inquiries 
of anybody concerning whether or not this went beyond the particular 
persons identified ^ 

Mr. MacGregor. Was I concerned ^ 

Mr. Dash. Yes. 

Mr. MacGregor. When the President asked me to take the campaign 
job on June 30, the answer is "Yes," Mr. Dash. It was obvious to me 
that this would be a negative in the President's reelection cami)aign ; 
a negative which would be strongly outweighed by the positives result- 
ing from the President's initiatives to control inflation, reduce employ- 
ment, open a dialog with the People's Republic of China, negotiate 
a broad range of agreements with the Soviet Union, and bringing the 
Southeast Asian war to a close. 

There was a second part of your question. 

Mr. Dash. The second part was that the concern you specifically 
talked about was not just the question of what might happen in 
the campaign, but in your role now as being top man at the Commit- 
tee To Re-Elect the President, with a committee that had been iden- 
tified with the break-in — whether or not that concern caused you to 
seek any assurances or caused you to make any inquiries concerning 
whether anybody else at the committee may have been involved in this 
criminal activity. 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes, Mr. Dash. During the first week following 
the apprehension of the burglars, I followed very closely the text of 
the denials of involvement of Ron Ziegler with respect to anyone then 
employed in the White House and the denials of John Mit-chell and 
others about the involvement of anybody then employed at the Com- 
mittee To Re-Elect the President. I was familiar during the 2-week 
period between the apprehension of the burglars and the assumption 
by me of my campaign duties of the repeated categorical denials of in- 
volvement of key White House people and of key campaign people. 

Second, ^Mr, Dash, the concern I spoke of and you asked me about 
was somewhat alleviated by the statements made by Justice Depart- 
ment officials, by others in the FBI and elsewhere with an official role 
to play, that there would be a no-holds-barred investigation — a full- 
field investigation of the FBI: that it would be an exhaustive inves- 
tigation. I knew that the grand jury had been empaiieled shortly before 
the apprehension of the burglars, and by the time I took over, I knew- 
that the grand jury was already hearing evidence or was about to hear 
evidence of wrongdoing. So I was satisfied that the normal machinery 
of criminal investigation and justice was operating, and I had con- 
fidence in that svstem. 


Mr. Dash. Did you take any personal steps with regard to any 
employees at the committee to assure yourself that none of those 
employees that were remainino- at the committee were involved? 

Mr. MacGrecxOR. Yes; I indicated to the President on the late 
aft(M-noon of June 30 that I was familiar with these categorical denials, 
that I was informed about the extensive investigation going forward, 
but I said the press will ask me w^hether I have made any individual 
inquiry of people who might possibly be involved at the committee. 
I will make that inquiry so that I may say to the press that I have not 
just relied on the denials of others. I will have asked people to their 
face whether those denials of involvement with respect to them were 
true and accurate. And I was assured they were. 

Mr. Dash. You categorized that as seeking personal assurances 
rather than making an investigation. 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, I think dift'erent people might categorize 
it in different ways. Some people might call it a limited investigation 
by Clark MacGregor. Others might say it was an inquiry. Still others 
might say it was a matter of seeking personal assurances. I think it is 
to some degree a matter of semantics. I think there is no doubt about 
what I did, what I indicated to the President I would do, and what the 
result was. 

Mr. Dasit. Did the President ask you to make an investigation? 

Mr. MacGregor. I do not recall that he did, Mr. Dash. I think I 
told him that I was aware that the Democrats had filed- — that in addi- 
tion to the official investigations that were going forward, the Demo- 
cratic National Committee and Larry O'Brien, within a matter of, 
I think, 72 hours after the appi'ehension of the burglars, had started 
a lawsuit and had begim discovery proceedings. I thinly I indicated to 
him that I would follow those. But I do not recall that he made a 
specific inquiry — a specific I'equest, I mean. He may have done so, but 
it was a matter of general conversation rather than request and 

Mr. Dash. During the early part of your role as director, did you 
make any press statements concerning the Watergate matter? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes ; many. During the 18 weeks that I was director 
of the campaign, I met with one or more members of the press on more 
than 100 occasions in 24 of our 50 States, plus the District of Columbia. 

Mr. Dash. Were you requested to make any other than those that 
you made on your own ? 

Mr. MacGregor. The President indicated to me that he would only 
give me a limited amount of suggestions as to how I should direct the 
campaign. He said he thought t ought to give first attention to the 
development of a precinct-l)y-precinct organization throughout the 

Second, he urged me to meet with the press, not only in Washing- 
ton but thi'oughout the key cities and the key States in the country, 
and to be readily accessible to the press. Since I was thoroughly 
familiar with the President's legislative role and his accomplish- 
ments in the field of foreign policy, I was to speak positively on those 
key issues. 

Mr. Dash. Now, I want to show you a news release in the Wash- 
ington Post, dated, I think, Wednesday, October 19, 1972, headed 


"Clark MacGregor's Statement to the "Washington Post," and ask if 
you can identity that. 

Mr. ]MacGregor. The exhibit handed nie appears in all respects to 
be an accurate reproduction of a page of the "Washington Post, which 
correctly quotes a statement which I i-ead before the pi-ess on the 
afternoon of "Wednesday, October 18, 1072. 

]Mr. Dasii. Could you give us, briefly, the backgi-ound of your issu- 
ing that statement to the press ^ 

Mr. MacGhegor. Yes, Mr. Dash. I do not i-ecall the precise article 
in the "Washington Post on the morning of "Wednesday, October 18. 
It is my recollection that it was an article which hit pretty hard at 
Mr. Bob Haldenum and suggested some serious criminal activity or 
possible criminal activity on his part. It may be that the committee 
has that newspaper of the 18th. but that is my recollection. At the 
regular meetings that took place every day at 8 :15 in the "White 
House, considerable outrage was expressed — I do not recall, whether 
by Mr. Haldeman himself or primarily by others — at the article in 
the "Washington Post. 

It was discussed that Ron Ziegler should make a statement. Repub- 
lican National Conmiittee Chairman Bob Dole should make a state- 
ment, and I should make a statement. During the course of the day, 
on October 18, I was advised that Ron Ziegler had. in fact, made a 
statement and Senator Bob Dole had made a statement. I indicated 
that I thought that ))robably was an adequate response. 

But during the course of the afternoon, I was importuned to 
change my mind — the leading importuner being John Ehrlichman. I 
did change my mind and did read the statement wdiich is reported in 
the "Washington Post the following day. 

Mr. Dash. That was Mr. Ehrlichman, actually, who was urging you 
to make the statement ? 

]Mr. MacGregor. He was the chief urger. 

Mr. Dash. How would you characterize the nature of this urging? 
How strong did he ])ut it I Apparently, you were resisting giving this 
particular statement. 

]\rr. ]MacGregor. "Well, I was resistant to the style of the state- 
ment drafted by someone else whom I do not know. I was particularh 
resistant to the idea that I hold a i^ress conference and refuse to answer 
questions of the press, because I had never done that before and I 
have not done it since. 

]\rr. Dash. Did INIr. Ehrlichman explain why he wanted you to issue 
the statement and not answer (juestions of the press? 

^fr. ]\rArGRE(;oR. He ])ut it as a matter of the highest personal im- 
portance that I do this. He said : "Clark, if you respond to the ques- 
tions of the press as you always do, the story coming out of your press 
conference will be some aspect of the questions and the answer, and 
we want the impact to be the ^statement itself. The only way to guar- 
antee that is to refuse to answer questions." 

Mr. Dash. I take it the position was you wanted the rhetoric of the 
statement to be your news story rather than your own rhetoric? 

]\rr. ^MacGregor. T normally did not prenare statements. I usuallv 
inst met the press and answered questions. He and others said they felt 
that it was very important that I issue this statement. 


Mr. Dash. Without reading it, because this is a lengthy statement, 
you wonkl say that this is a very strong statement against Senator 
McCjovern raising questions concerning various aspects of violence 
against President Nixon's campaign and indicating some unfairness on 
the part of tlie Post in handling news items in regard to that. 

Mr. Ma(-(tregor. That is my recollection of the contents. It is some- 
thing that Pat Buchanan might call "political hardball." 

Mr. Dash. Now, I would like to show you a statement issued by 
you for immediate release on October 19, 1972, which deals pri- 
marily, again, with Mr. McCjovern's campaign. I ask you first to 
look at it and see if, in fact, that is a news release that you did issue. 

Mr. MacGregor. I have not read it verbatim, ^Ir. Dash. I don't 
recall issuing it, but I wouldn't contest for one moment the fact that 
it was issued, because a great many statements were prepared and put 
before me. With this one, as with others, I said, "Is it factually sup- 
portable?" If it was factually supportable, I decided whether or not 
it was helpful or harmful to the campaign, and if it is part of the com- 
mittee's records, I will not contest tliat it was, in fact, a release 
of the committee. 

Mr. Dash, I am not asking you whether you have an actual recol- 
lection of the specific language or not. 

Who would present such a statement ? It says here. "Contact Devan 
Shumway." Would it have been Mr. Sliumway who would have 
prepared and presented that to you ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I don't know who would have prepared it; but 
usually, during the period when I was directing the campaign, either 
Mr. Devan Shumway or Mr. Al Abrams would come up from the press 
office of the committee and say, in substance : "Take a look at this if 
you would, j\Ir. MacGregor. We have been requested to ask you to 
issue this." Or, "We have drafted this pursuant to suggestions and 
wliat do you think of it ?" 

Mr. Dash. When you say, "We have been recjuested," or "pur- 
suant to suggestions," by whom ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I am having to guess here a little l)it, but I think 
the iruess is an accurate one, and probably iustified. I think many 
of these statements emanated from a unit called the "attack group." 
I never attended any meetings of that attack group. I don't know 
who its memliers were. We had a representative from the committee 
who sat on that attack group, and they seemed to generate — or it 
was my understanding that they generated most of the statements that 
were put l^efore me of this natin'e. 

Mr. Dash. This w^ould include ^^Hiite House staff personnel, too, 
would it not ? 

Mr. MacGregor. It is my understanding that the attack group did 
include ^Hiite House staff personnel, but I don't know who they were. 

Mr. Dash. Again not asking you to recall the specifics of this par- 
ticular news release, but that does, in general, deal with allegations 
that Mr. McGovern had spies in ]\Ir. Humphrey's campaign, does it 

INIr. MacGregor. In one pai+ of it, yes. One part of the news re- 
lease appears to quote a Lancaster, Pa., newspaper, the Atlanta Con- 
stitution, and then it quotes "a respected newsman" and "a highly re- 
liable source" without identif^nng the individuals referred to. 


Mr. Dash. So that actually, this being a news release, it would be a 
news release indicating that'^Ir. McGovem was engaging in political 
espionage and that he was using that against Mr. Humphrey. We have 
now. since this release and before this committee, had testimony that, 
in fact, there was a spy in Mr. Humphrey's campaign; that the spy 
was actually employed through the Committee To Re-Elect the Presi- 
dent, and that Mr. Mc]N[inoway testified before us as Sedan Chair Xo. 
'2. and there was tlie belief at the time when this was occurring that per- 
haps ]Mr. ]McGovern was doing this. That was part of the sti-ategv" 
that has been testified to by othei-s before this committee, to have one 
of the candidates identify a^iother one — particularly Mr. McGovem 
was the one who was uiostly blamed. 

jSTow. at the time you approved this particular news release, did you 
have any knowledge that either the Committee To Re-Elect the Presi- 
dent or anybody at the White House were supporting any type of po- 
litical espionage from the Republican side into the Democratic pri- 


Mr. MacGregor. Xone whatever, Mr. Dash. 

I might indicate that when the newspaper stories broke about some- 
body whose name I was hearing for the first time, Donald Segretti — 
it seems to me it was in October of 1972 — my wife and I were, as I re- 
call, in Texas. I got on the long distance telephone to seek to find the 
facts from 'Sir. Chapin. I did reach Mr. Chapin. He told me Segretti 
was hired to do Dick Tuck-type pranks, but nothing illegal. That was 
the first information I had. So it isn't absolutely correct to say that I 
had no knowledge whatever at any time. I learned from the news- 
papers and then tried to get additional information. 

Mr. Dash. And actually, the activities that did occur, either by Mr. 
Segretti or some of the others, occurred prior to the time that you took 
on your post as director of the campaign ? 

]\Ir. ]\IacGregor. You are correct, Mr. Dash. Either in that initial 
telephone conversation with Mr. Chapin or in a followup inquiry that I 
made, I learned that these tactics had ceased before — and I guess well 
before — I had any campaign role. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Chairman, I would like the particular item which 
is the news item of the Washington Post of October 18 and this press 
release of October 19 to be identified for the record and introduced 
in evidence. 

Senator Ervix. They will be received as exhibits in evidence and 
appropriately numl^ered as such. 

[The documents referred to were marked exhibit No. 246.*] 

]Mr, Dash. Now, during the time, or shortly after you took over as 
director, were you aware that Mr. INIitchell was going to continue to 
have some role on the committee ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes : the President indicated to me in the late after- 
noon of June ?)0 that while ;Mr. Mitchell would not continue for the 
reasons that T have stated, he was willing to serve as a consultant and 
the President indicated to me that, by virtue of John ]Mitcheirs long 
association with the Governor of New" York, with a close pereonal rela- 
tionship with the Governor of California, and with the knowledge 
over a long period of time of the Governor of New Jersey and perhaps 

♦See p. 5019. ', ' 


othors. that Mt-. INIitchell would scM've in a consultant role, and the 
President asked me to consider usino- him primarily in key States that 
I have mentioned — New York. Califoriiia, Ncav Jersey, and a few 
others. I said I would be happy to do that. 

Mr. Dash. Now, durinc; this time that I am now speaking of, some- 
time around July 3 on through even September, ]Mr. Mardian, Mr. 
LaRue, and Mr, ISIagruder were all working at the connnittee, were 
they not? 

Ml-. MacGregor. Yes. 

Mr. Dasft. Let me say, befoi-e T ask you the question — the commit- 
tee has had testimony thi'ough calendars, charts, and testimony of the 
individuals themselves, that these gentlemen — Mr. Mitchell, Mr. 
Magruder, Mr-. Mardian, ]\Ir. LaRue, and Mr. Dean, Avho would be 
coming over from the White House — met almost daily during the 
period of July, August, and September. Part of the discussions of their 
meetings had to do with the Watergate matter, had to do with Mr. 
Magruder's problem in the Watergate matter and the testimony that 
he would be giving before the grand jury, and that ultimately ended 
up with a story being developed which was an untrue story that Mr. 
Magruder would give to the grand jury, and that Mv. Dean actually 
coached him prior to giving the testimony. 

Now, you were director, (hiring that time, of the Committee To Re- 
Elect the President. Were you awai-e that these meetings were taking 
place ? 

Mr. ]\IacGregor. No ; I was not. My first knowledge of the pattern 
of these meetings you have described came to me from friends of mine 
in the news media sometime in the summer and were confirmed to me 
by you yesterday in the staff office. I had no knowledge of this pattern 
of meetings from which, ap]iarently, T was excluded. 

Mr. Dash. Were you given any information that Mr. Magruder 
may have been involved in the Watergate matter ? 

iSfr. MacGregor. For the first time at the Republican National Con- 
vention, Mr. Mardian said to me : "The categorical statements that 
you are making about no involvement beyond the Watergate seven 
may be incorrect. You had better watch out. Others have exposure." 
That was of some surprise to me because T had been meeting with Mr. 
Mardian regularly over the period of July and August when T had 
been making the same categorical statements, but he never spoke to 
me with any kind of a warning or implied warning until the Re- 
publican National Convention. That caused ifie to renew my inquiry 
of Mr. Magruder, because T felt either ^Ir. Magruder himself or others, 
even though they had denied their involvement to me, might tell me 
something different. But they told me the same thing that they were 
telling the grand jury under oath, that they had no knowledge in 
advance and no involvement in the Watergate break-in. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. MacGregor let me read you, a jioT-tion of Mr. Mar- 
dian's testimony to the committee on Thursday, July 19, 1073. He 
says : "T said," speaking of a meeting with you at the convention, 
"that you had better take time for this," dealing with the question 
of your flat statements. T ought to start out — 

T was nnsiiocessful in trying to set to meet with Mr. MacGresor but he had 
made some very flat staatements at the convention. T insisted on seeing; him 
on that occasion. He saw me in his suite when I walked in and he appeared 


as if he was ready to walk out and lie said : "I am in an awful hurry. Bob, and 
I do not have much time." I said : "You had better take time for this. You are 
making statements concerning the possible involvement of people in the cam- 
paign that I believe to be untrue. There are people involved in the campaign 
that have tremendous exposure, Clark, and you had better watch what state- 
ments you make and you had better let me brief you about it." He got very 
upset. He said : "When I t(X)k the job I was assured that there was nobody in- 
volved in the Watergate still in the campaign. I am relying on that and I do 
not want to hear about it." 

I tliink your statement up to that last statement is consistent with 
his statement. Did you say : "I do not want to hear any more about it"? 

^Nfr. MacGregor. No; I did not. And might I indicate, Mr. Dash, 
for tlie benefit of the chairman and other members of the committee — 
and to emphasize — that I met with Mr. Mardian privately at his 
request many times durino; July and Aujirust and at no time during 
that period and at no time until immediately before the handing 
down of the indictments by the Watergate grand juiy did Mr. Mar- 
dian speak to me in the way he has testified to and as I have indicated 
my recollection showed. 

Mr. Dasit. Xow. you took on an assistant, Mr. Eeisner. I understand. 
^Ir. Reisner has testified before the committee that he had knowledge 
while working for Mr. ]Magruder of a Gemstone file, and also that 
he kept a diary for Mr. ^Nlagruder which, in that dairy, indicated 
meetings with former Attorney General Mitchell, Mr. Liddy, Mr. 
Magruder, and Mv. Dean. At the time Mr. Reisner started to work for 
you, did he inform you of a Gemstone file that Mr. Magruder had 
kept or any meetings we have later found were in the Attorney Gen- 
eral's office on January 27 and February 4 where a plan was discussed 
concerning the Gemstone project? 

Mr. ]\rArGREGOR. No; he did not, Dr. Dash. I was somewhat sur- 
l^rised that he was called as a witness here because I did not know 
that he had had a role at the committee which put him in a position 
to have any relevant information. He helped me out with some of 
the administrative problems that I had. 

I was getting more than 60 telephone calls a day during the first 2 
weeks of July and he l>ecame nn assistant to me. I asked for somebody 
to help me out — somebody who was knowledgeable with the campaign 
structure that had existed before July 1 — and I think it was Mr. 
Mao-ruder who suggested Bob Reisner. I did not realize Mr. Reisner 
had held the position that he lield before Julv 1 and I did not know 
he was possessed of this infonnation which he has given to the 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Ehrlicliman has also informed the committee that 
some time in August he had wanted to have a complete statement and 
disclosure made of everything that was known about Watergate; that 
he had really wanted you to make the statement, and that you had sort 
of scotched the idea. Did Mr. Ehrlichman ever come to you and ask you 
to make a disclosure as to the new director of the campaign, indicating 
no involvement of the i^ersons at the '\"\liite House or even any further 
involvement of pereons at the committee ? 

^fr. ^rArGRKGOR. No; ^Nfr. Ehrlichman never came to me reouesting 
that I make some disclosure aliove and bevond what I was making on a 
dailv basis with the nress and radio and television. It is possible that, 
during the months of Auarust. Mr. Ehrlichman said, you know, "What 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


we ought to do is have some new type of statement issued,'' because I 
do recall that early in August John Dean and Maurice Stans came 
to my office and John Dean opened the discussion by saying : "I have 
been asked to prepare a detailed statement" — he may even have said 
"disclosure statement — on Watergate and here is a first cut or a rough 

My recollection is he handed a copy to me and a copy to Mr. Stans. 
I read it at ni}^ desk; I handed it back to John Dean and said that this 
statement was nothing but a com[)ilation of statements previously 
issued, and if I were to release this to the press in a press conference the 
press would say to me : "Mr. MacGregor, this is nothing but a compila- 
tion of statements previously issued. It is of no value," and I would 
have to agree with the press. Perhaps that is the incident Mr. Ehrlich- 
man is talking about. I did not know Mr. Ehrlichman was involved in 
any way in that meeting at my office with Mr. Dean and Mr. Stans. 
I might conclude, Mr. Dash, for the committees benefit, that Maurice 
Stans indicated that he was in substantial agreement with my assess- 
ment of the lack of value of that draft and Mr. Dean said he was not 
I^roud of it. He said it was a rough cut. 

Then, Mr. Stans said : "Maybe I ought to issue a detailed statement," 
and I indicated to him if he felt that Avould be helpful to him and 
the campaign, I thought it would. 

Mr. Dasti. Actually, did you feel at that time that the people who 
were asking you to issue the statements were more in possession of the 
facts than you wei-e ? 

Mr. MacGregor. It is hard to reconstruct your exact frame of mind 
at the time, because events that have come to light since then cannot 
be excluded from your consciousness. 

For example, in July, August, September, and October of last year, 
when I had this campaign responsibility, I knew nothing of the Ells- 
berg ]isychiatrist's break-in. I knew nothing of the meeting between 
Patrick Gray, John Dean, and John Ehrlichmaii taking place in 
Ehrlichman's office involving certain papers which came from the 
files. I think one of the people has now been convicted. I knew nothing 
during the period in which I was dii-ector of the campaign about the 
meeting, apparently in Mr. Haldeman's office, involvino- ^Nfr. Halde- 
man, Mr. Erhlichman, Dick Helms, and General Walters. I knew 
nothing last year about the series of meetings Pat Gray had with John 
Dean— all of these things I am now reciting occurred when T was 
counsel to the President for congressional relations. I had no knowledge 
last year that Herb Kalmbach was using funds which purportedly 
were contributed to the President's reelection, directly or indirectly. 
for the benefit of the Watergate seven. This is just a small recital of 
the list of events of which I was kept ignorant or had no need to be 
involved in in any way — that apparently were known, at least many of 
them, to Mr. Ehi-lichman; and I will just have to sav T do not recall 
that he was saving. "We ought to disclose things, Clark, which you are 
now talking about." 

Mr. Dasti. He never suggested vou disclose the things von just 

Mr. MacGregor. T never heard of them until thev were made public 
in the hearings of this committee. T might indicate the following as 
well. It is mv recollection that on Auirust 11 last vear. Judire Tlichev of 


the District Court for the District of Cohimbia. issued au order — later, 
I think, soniewliat modified — which warned people about niakino; pub- 
lic statements tliat mi<i-iit jeopardize the ri<xhts of those under investi- 
ofation by tlie oiand jury; and I was conscious of tliat court order at 
the very time ^Ir. P^hi'lichman was now Rayinjr he wanted me to make 
some additional disclosures. 

Mr. Dash. Xow, recooiiizino- that you had a very important, vital 
responsibility in directing the President's campai^rn, does it now seem 
stranofe to you that INfr. Ehrlicliman or Mr. Dean, especially, would 
be cominjx to you and askinir you to make these general statements 
which you say were re]ieated statements that had already been made 
about noniuA'olvement, when, in fact, they had information that indi- 
cated some involvement and did not cjive that information to you ? Does 
it seem strang'e to you that they Avere askino- you to be the spokesman 
for a statement of the Committee To Re-Elect the President of com- 
plete noninvolvemcnt of anybody, either of the committee or of the 
AVhite House, in the so-called Watergate matter? 

Mr. ]\rAcGREGOR. It does not make one hai^jiy to find, subsequently, 
that one has been used. 

Mr. Dash. Because, in addition to beiufr asked to make those state- 
ments, you were at the time supposedly beino; assisted by INfr. Ma- 
ofruder, Mr. Mardian, Mi'. LaRue, and Mr. Mitchell, who have now tes- 
tified to what role they have played in what has been called the cover- 
up, and it is your testimony you were kept completely iciiorant of any 
of that involvement ? 

Mr. MacGrkciOr. That is correct, Mr. Dash. T am also familiar with 
the testimony as reported in resjionsible newspa]')ers of IVfr. ]\Iao:ruder 
and Mr. Dean before this committee. I think it is fair to say Mr. Ma- 
ofruder testified I was deceived and Mr. Dean said the truth was with- 
held from me. Perhaps those paraphrases are not accurate but that 
is mv recollection. 

Mr. Dash. Did vou know of anv monev that had been transferred 
from the White House— about $?,50.000— that had been kept in the 
Wliite House — that had oriirinally been taken from the funds that had 
been raised in the campaio;n? 

Mr. MacGregor. No; I did not. 

Mr. Dash. And that it was beinof used as a defense fund for the 
defendants in the Watergate case? 

Mr. INlAcGRErxOR. No; I did not. 

Mr. Dash. Did vou know that either Mr. Parkinson, Mr. O'Brien, 
or Afr. LaRue wei-e beino- involved in the payment of any of the de- 
fendants in the so-called defense fiuid? 

Mr. MapGregor. T did not know until this vear. My knowledge of 
that came in the public news media this year. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Parkinson and Mr. Paul O'Brien held what posi- 
tions with the committee while vou were director? 

Mr. INFArGREGOR. Tt is mv recollection, and this airain is what T was 
told, that the firm of Parkinson and O'Brien — that mav not be the 
firm — but the firm that includes those two lawvers. was retained within 
72 hours after the "Waterirate break-in by Mr. John ^fitchell. to rep- 
resent perhaps the finance committee and, if it was a defendant, the 
Committee To Re-Elect the President; and certain individuals in 
the c\y\] litiofation broujrht bv the Democratic National Committee, 


Larry O'Brien and perhaps others. I was also advised that that law 
firm had had inA^estigatory experience or liad personnel attached to it 
or available to it witli investigatory experience, and that they were 
conducting an investigation during the last 10 days of June. 

Mr. Dash. Did they give you any information, since they were 
attornej'S for the committee, as to what they were learning, concerning 
what had occurred and — for example, they did learn that large sums 
of cash had been given to Mr. Liddy. Did you know that? 

Mr. MacGregor. No ; I did not. It is a question of what you mean 
by large sums. I inquired as to what Mr. Liddy's role was. I inquired 
when I came over to the committee, I think the first week in July — 
Mr. Liddy had been fired during the last week in June. I was told 
the reason was that he refused to cooperate with the FBI in the inves- 
tigation the FBI was conducting before I came over to the committee. 

And I asked why he would not ; what facts and circumstances would 
cause him not to cooperate with the FBI? And I was told that he 
was the head of an operation which was funded in cash, which tried 
to investigate and possibly infiltrate groups of so-called crazies who 
were assembling in San Diego. 

Mr. Dash. Who told you that, Mr. MacGregor? 

Mr. MacGregor. Either Mr. Magruder or ]\Ir. Porter, and it may 
have been others; but I did ask about Liddy and I was told that he 
and his operation was to try and determine the scope of the efforts to 
intimidate speakers for the President — the primary in New Hamp- 
shire was specifically mentioned to me and looked into. Or to verify 
what was being printed in underground newspapers about what the 
crazies were going to do with the Republicans at their convention in 
San Diego. 

Mr. Dash. Of course, you now know Mr. Magruder has now testified 
to what, in fact, he was doing with Mr. Liddy and why he was paying 
cash to him ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes; I followed closely the testimony before this 

Mr. Dash. So there was no doubt in your mind that he misled you 
at that time in giving you that information ? 

Mr. MacGregor. It may have been he told me jiartly — that it was 
a partial truth. I don't know whether what he told me was correct, 
but it may have been partially true. 

Mr. Dash. Is it your view now, Mr. MacGregor — I think you said 
that you had been used: thnt many of those around you, including 
people in high office in the White House, misled you in your role as 
director of the campaign and did not give you the information that 
would have, perhaps, assisted you in aiding the President in his re- 
election much better than you were able to. Of course he was re- 
elected, there is no question about that. 

Mr. MacGregor. Mr. Dash, the analogies may not be very good 
but if I were to, as T have, accept my wife's invitation to do the 
shopping some morning and, after leaving the Safeway, I found 
that the checker had noticed I didn't pay any attention to the markup 
on the cash register and marked up an item I didn't have or put a 
wrong price on it- — ^if I found after leaving a gas station that an at- 
tendant, instead of filling the tank and asking me to pay for a full 
tank, had only filled it half, I would have felt I had been used. Now 

4911 - - 

those analoo;ies may not be very <jood. but diiriiio: the course of one's 
lifetime one deals in tnist with a tjreat many people, even people who 
one doesn't know very well, because you assiune that people arc honest 
and straightforward and candid with you when you arc dealing 
with them, and I so assumed. 

This has been a very sad year for me because I find that that trust 
was misplaced. 

Mr. Dash. Well, actually, Mr. MacGregor, isn't that a very impor- 
tant thing in our political life, the American political electoral system, 
the job you had of runniiig a major campaign, that you must deal in 
trust : that you must be able to believe in people you worked with, and 
that deceit and fraud actually erode any political process that can be 
related to a free society. 

Mr. MacGreoor. Yes : that is correct, Mr. Dash. And I think I should 
not leave the subject : I am not suggesting that we leave it, but I think 
I ought to make it crystal clear that I do not include the President 
of the Ignited States in those whom I have categorized as having used 
me to some extent, and we have spoken here of fraud and deceit — 
dishonesty. I do not in any sense have in mind the President of the 
Ignited States. Indeed, his conduct in relationship with me has been 
just the reverse. They have been trustworthy; they have been abso- 
lutely candid, straightforward, and fair; and I have never found any- 
thing that the President of the ITnited States said was so that wasn't 

Mr. Dash. None of my questions, Mr. MacGregor, w^ere directed 
to that or attempted to infer that. 

]\Ir. IMacGreoor. I appreciate that, Mr. Dash, but I just thought 
this was an opportunity to express my very strong feelings on this 

Mr. Dash. Did you have a role in the campaign financing — in the 
collecting of funds for the campaign ? 

Mr. MacGregor. No. 

Mr. Dash. That was kept a separate function for Mr. Stans, I 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes; the structure was similar to the structure, in 
my experience, that has been set up for incumbent Senators seeking 
reelection — incumbent Congressmen seeking reelection. You have a 
campaign manager and political committee that has to energize and 
produce the votes necessary for reelection, and you have a finance 
committee that raises the money. The two customarily have a liaison, 
obviously, in deciding how the money ought to be spent^ — how^ much 
money can be raised or should be raised and should be spent. 

Ml'. Dash. And you played a role in that ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes. 

Mr. Dash. Through what committee? There was a budget com- 
mittee ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Through a mechanism known as the budget com- 

Mr. Dash. At that time the determinations were made as to what 
was needed to be spent in the campaign and what was available for 
spending ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes. Those meetings were to be held weekly ; they 
were held sporadically in July and August for a number of reasons. 


Toward the end of Au<rust they did become more regular. Through 
September and early October, I think, they were very regularly held 
on Wednesday. It was that meeting, for example, that group, which 
ratified my decision to cut some $3 million from planned television 
advertising for the Pi-esident because Mr. Stans had asked me to look 
for areas where I could cut expenses. And the President had also in- 
dicated to me that maybe we ought to put more money into the pre- 
cinct organizations and storefronts and less money into political 

Mr. Dasti. I think the testimony before the committee has already 
highlighted the impact of the large amount of money that Avas avail- 
able for the committee and especially cash, although you did not have 
a particular ]"ole or responsibility in the committee to either raise this 
money or in the campaign financing itself. Among the last questions 
I would like to ask you, Mr. MacGregor, is, since you have been in 
political life, you have been involved in campaigns and you now know 
some of the facts that have come before this committee and have be- 
come public; do you have any recommendation to make to the com- 
mittee concerning the use of I'aising funds — how funds could be more 
properly raised and controlled so as to prevent abuses in especially 
a Presidential campaign? 

Mr. MacGregok. Well. I appreciate your question, Mr. Dash, and I 
don't want to be presumptions because I am no longer a Member of 
Congress; but I did interest myself during the 10 years that I served 
in the House of Representatives with the question of campaign re- 
forms and congressional reforms, and if I were a Member of the U.S. 
House of Representatives today I would introduce a bill along the 
following lines: No funds may be contributed to any candidate for 
President, Vice President, ILS. Senator, or U.S. Representative in 
Congress except through the Federal Elections Office which shall be a 
transmittal agent for funds contributed for any candidate, either in a 
primary or in a general election, to the candidate earmarked by the 
donor, and the donor shall on a daily ]>asis be listed in the Federal 
Register or in some other publication as to name, address, occupation; 
and amoimt of contiil)ution and identity of candidate to whom the con- 
tribution is going. 

There may become serious flaws in this proposal. T certainly would 
like to see the appi'opriate committee or committees in the U.S. Senate 
or House of Re]:)resentatives consider such a proposal. Obviously, the 
present system isn't good enough, even with the campaign spending 
reforms that went into effect April 7, 1972. I can see some pitfalls in 
public financing. I don't know necessarily that this is the answer to the 
problems we obviously have. But the suggestion that I nuike I would 
be delighted to have considered by someone. I have not importuned my 
Congressman, Walter Fauntroy, but I am going to do so. 

Ml-. Dasii. I have no further questions at this time. 

Mr. LiEBKXGOOD. Mr. Chairman, I have three questions. My initial 
question deals with campaign development of Watergate-related mate- 
rial. T understand that the McGovern campaign employed Walter 
Sheridan to, among other things, keep Frank Mankiewicz abreast of 
the ongoing Watei-gate developments as they aj^peared in the press 
and otherwise. During the period of time that you were constantly 
receiving Wat-ergate queries, was there any one person you turned to 
to keep 3'ou apprised of developments? 


Mr. MacGregok. No oho i)ersoii, counsel. When people on the com- 
mittee would be called to testify before the grand jury, they honored 
my request that if they wished to do so, they would tell me what they 
testified to. I was only interested, of coui-se, in anything they might 
have testified to conti-ary to what they had told me earlier. 

But to answer your question, I received information about the status 
of various investigations and of proceedings in the civil lawsuit from 
>Mr. ^Nlagruder, from attorneys of record in the civil laws\iit repre- 
senting the defendants, from ]\Ir. LaRue from time to time, and I 
think that probably covers it. I did not, during the course of these 
investigations, speak in any sense about the investigations with any 
governmental official. 

Mr. LiEB?:xGooD. I take it that there was no one in your issues and 
research dej^ai'tment who had the function of compiling Watergate 
data ? 

Mr. MacGregok. Xot to my knowledge. Mr. LaRue indicated to me 
that he was an unjjaid volunteer and he would kind of act as liaison 
with John Mitchell if that was all right with me. He said he also w^ould 
pay some attention to the investigations and the civil litigation. 

i think Mr. Mardian on one occasion indicated to me, when we were 
discussing that as a change in status for him. that he would keep his 
eye on developments and keep me posted. But there was no one office 
or source, to my knowledge, that was to follow Watergate develop- 
ments. They were being pi-etty extensively followed in the daily press. 

Mr. LiEBEXGOOD. Thank you. I am curious as to your professional 
political assessment of the impact of the Watergate break-in at the time 
you took over as campaign director. At that time, what was your assess- 
ment of its impact? 

Mr. MacGregor. I could not quantify it. I knew, as I have identified 
here, that it would be a negative in the campaign. T felt it would be 
strongly outweighed, as indeed it was. by the positives of the Presi- 
dent's performance in office, by his intelligence and demonstrated 
cai)acity to deal with the critical issues of ]>eace and prosperity, which 
are uppermost in most American's minds, w^hen they vote for President. 
I appeared with Mr. Mankiewicz on a public program, at one of the 
hotels in downtown Washington 2 days after the election and I indi- 
cated at that time that it was largely a guess on my part, but I felt 
that Watergate had cost the President upwards of 2 million votes — 
a million or 2 million votes; expressed in terms of percentage, pretty 
close to 2 percent. That is just a guess. 

I reached that conclusion at that time because, as I say. I had trav- 
eled in 24 States — the big States several times. I felt I was in reason- 
ably close touch with the people who were managing the storefronts 
and the volunteer lieadquarters; we had more than 5,000 of them. 

And Watergate hurt. It hurt badly in the campaign. Fully half 
of every meeting with the press that I had was devoted to Watergate. 
I wanted to talk about the President's accomplishment with the 
People's Republic of China, the Soviet ITnion, and the drawdown of 
troops in Vietnam and the jn^ospects for ]:)eace in Vietnam. I wanted 
to talk about reducing joblessness under the President's handling of 
phase I and phase II. I wanted to talk about how inflation was being 
curbed. Instead, I was being confronted at meeting after meeting with 
Watergate questions. That was debilitating to the morale of the cam- 
paign and it cost us votes. 


Mr. LiEBENGOoD. Ill retrospect, would it be your political opinion 
that a coverup was a prerequisite to the reelection of the President? 
In other words, do you feel now that the President's candidacy could 
have withstood an early disclosure by, perhaps, Mr. Mag^ruder, Mr. 
Dean, or Mr. Mitchell? 

Mr. MacGregor. Had there been, in the week foUowino; the appre- 
hension of the burglars, a disclosure of the facts that have been brou^rht 
out by this committee, it would, in my opinion, have been temporarily 
but severely damaijinf^ to the President's reelection campaign. Instead 
of a 17- to 25-point maro;in over Senator McGovern in mid-July, my 
ffuess is that that marfjin would have shrunk to perhaps five points. 
It is my opinion that by the time of the election, in lifjht of other events 
that transpired, we would have been no worse off, votewise, than we 

But the important thino; is that the President's hopes and dreams 
that he outlined to me in his office late on the afternoon of June 30 
that he hoped to accomplish in his second term, as the country looked 
forward to its 200th annivei'sary, would not have been so severely 
damaged as they have been now. 

Mr. LiEBEXGoon. Thank you, Mr. MacGregor. I have no fuither 

Senator ER\ax. Senator Weicker. 

Senator Weicker. Mr. MacGregor, let us get into the subject of the 
Pat Gray phone call of July 6. I wonder if you would give to this 
committee your version of that particular event. 

Mr. MacGregor. To my best recollection, the call was made early 
in the morning of July 6 at Washington ; was received by me at the 
Newporter Inn at Newport Beach, Calif., shortly before 11 p.m., 
California time, July 5. I have been asked, could I be mistaken in 
my recollection that the call came in just before my wife and I 
retired and could it have been shortly after we woke up the next 
morning? I suppose it is possible that my recollection is incorrect. 
But it is my recollection. Senator, that the call did come to jne in 
the motel room or suite that my wife and I were occupying at the 
Newporter Inn just before we retired on the evening of July 5. 

In any event, the call that Mr. Gray made to me was no different 
from the calls that I had been receiving at the rate of 50 or 60 or 70 
a day during the iDreceding 5 days from people whom I knew, even 
those whom I knew slightly, who were kind enough to call and say, 
"Congratulations," and offer opinions and make recommendations 
about the campaign. 

My recollection is that Mr. Gray did, A^ery graciously, compliment 
me on my being appointed director and that he indicated to me 
that he w^as concerned about the impact on the campaign of the 
Watergate matter. 

I told him I shared his concern. It is my recollection that he said 
it is a serious mattei-, and I said, "As a lawyer, Pat, I recognize that 
it is a serious matter. Breaking and entering is a felony and felonies 
are indeed serious matters." 

He said, as I recall, that it will damage the President in the 

I said, "Yes, it will." 

Then he said, "It will damage him more seriously than you realize." 


And it is mv recolloction that at that time. I indicated, to him: 
"Yes; I know it Avill daniaue him. It damat!:ed him in tlie first press 
conference I held earliei- today in Washiiioton,*" before my wife and 
I flew to southern California at (he President's request. But I said to 
him: ''Pat. I will be back in my home in Washinoton tomorrow eve- 
ning-, because my wife and I are coming back on the nonstaff after- 
noon flight from Los Angeles to Dulles; we Avill be at home tomorrow 
evening; I will be in my office on Friday morning." 

It is my recollection. Senator, that he spoke exclusively pertaining 
to "Watergate, as to the campaign, and the extent to which it would 
hurt the campaign. It is not my recollection that he talked in any 
sense about "wound." If he had used the word "wound" to me, it 
seems to me that that word would stick in my inind and I would 
ask him to explain it. 

He did not. to my I'ecollection, mention the CIA to me. He did 
not mention the FBI. He did not mention General Walters. Dick 
Helms. John Ehrlichman, John Dean, or Bob Haldeman. He did indi- 
cate great concern. There was agitation in his voice. He repeated 
himself. And that is the substance of my re<?ol lection. I frankly 
expected to hear more from him when we returned to Washington 
the next night. "We did not do so. 

Senator AVeicker. Did he ask you to convey his thoughts to the 
President ? 

Mr. MacGregor. No; not according to my recollection. In any 
event, I did not do so. There was nothing about the content of his 
call to me: there was nothintr unusual at all. except for the hour. 
It was similar to a great uuiny other calls tlmt I was receiving from 
people in Government, from Governoi's. Senators. Congressmen, 
national connnitteemen. committeewomen. and State chairmen. He 
may have had some complaints about White House aides. There would 
not have been anything unusual about that. In my position as coun- 
selor to the President for congi-essional relations, I got daily com- 
plaints about White House aides. And he may have made some 
complaints to me about White House aides of a general nature. 

But he did not request me to call the President — did not request 
me to speak to the President. I did not call the President: I did not 
speak to the President about this. I guess my testimony is about that. 

Senator Weickfji. That is what I would like to get into. Let us 
assume for the minute that your recollection is correct; that it was 
very late on the evening of the 5th when you received the call. Would 
you normally expect the Director of the FBI to call up the Republican 
campaign director in the wee hours of the morning — or the late 
evening; ? 

Mr. jMacGregor. No. 

Senator Weicker. Would that not raise a question in your mind 
as to why such a call came through then? Let us assume the time 
factor that you set forth, 

Mr. MacGregor. It did. But I expected when I next heard from 
him. I would learn more about that. 

Senatoi" AVeicker. Did you have any other communication at all 
with Pat Gray during the course of the campaign in this sense of the 
word, aside from the normal occurrences of meeting ? 


Mr. ]\IacGregor. No, Senator: T had no furtlier conversations or 
contacts with Mr. Gray. 

Senator Weicker. Now, I wondei- if you woukl comment on the 
report issued by the House Ai-med Services Committee on October 
23 of this year. I am referring- to page 21. In the committee repoVt, 
it states that Mr. Ehrlichman's testimony indicates that the Presi- 
dent called Mr. Gray at the "strong urging'' of ]Mr. MacGregor because 
of Mr. Gray's concern over the FBI role in the Watergate investiga- 
tion, and after the call the President had a "lingering doubt"' that 
there was some CIA "exposure,'' despite assurances to the contrary. 
Yet, in his May 22, 1973, public Wateigate statement, the President 
said, and I now quote the President's May 22 statement : 

On .July 6, 1972. I telephoned the Acting Director of the FBI, L. Patrick Gray, 
to congratulate him on the successful handling of a hi-jacking of a Pacific South- 
west Airlines plane the previous day. During the conversation. Mr. Cray dis- 
cu.ssed with me the progress of the Watergate investigation. 

The connnittee report then continues : 

Mr. Ehrlichman's testimony in that regard is j^ertinent. 

I am now quoting from that testimony : 

Mr. Nedzi. But the call was prompted by MacGregor's request? 

Mr. Ehrlichman. By MacGregor's conveying a request from Gray to the 

Mr. Nedzi. Or a call? 

Mr. Ehrlichman. Yes. 

Mr. Nedzi. Are you acquainted with the President's statement which he made 
on May 22? 

Mr. Ehrlichmax. I have read it, yes. 

Mr. Nedzi. Does his account square completely with your account of that 

Mr. Ehrliohmax. I do not believe it does. 

Mr. Nedzi. I did not think it did. I was just wondering whether you recognized 
that fact. 

Mr. Ehrlichman. I do. I think the drafter of that statement did not have 
the advantage I had of my verbatim notes of the conversations — I say verbatim — 
I take substantially verbatim notes of my conversations with the President. 

Now, in light of what is Mr. Gray's recollection in his testimony 
before this committee of having called yon and having given sub- 
stantially the same facts which — albeit there might be words left 
out, but certainly the import of his message — in light of his testi- 
mony before this committee and in light of Mr. Ehrlichman's testi- 
mony before the House Armed Services Committee, are you absolutely 
certain that you in no wise were in contract either with the President 
or possibly the President's staff relative to this particular matter? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes. And maj^ I say, Senator, that as a lawyer 
listening to youi- reading of the transcript of hearings before a con- 
gressional counnittee, I am impressed once again with the wisdom 
and the importance of the ban on hearsay evidence, because one is, or 
would be in a court of law, at the mercy of someone who said, "Jack 
told me that Bill said this." or "Jack told me that Harry did this."' 
Once again, we understand the wisdom of our sytsem of justice in 
which we ban hearsay testimony as credible evidence. 

Might T say also, because I think it is important, Mr. Chairman 
and the members of this committee, I have been advised that the 
recoi'fls of this committee show that there was no telephone call from 
Clark MacGi-egor to President Nixon on the morning of July 6, 1972. 


I am fuithor advised, and I believe you didn't <ro into this question 
with Mr. Buttertield, that tliose records of incoming calls to the Presi- 
dent and outooino- calls from the President are ri^j^idly accurate. 

I think it would be of interest to this committee to know that 3 
weeks a<>o today, the President of the Ignited States said. "Clark, 
you did not mention the Pat Gi-ay matter to me on July 6." 

Senator "Weickkk. "Well, what was the nature of that conversa- 
tion? Why would this come across in a conversation between you 
and the President ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I was, alono; with others, attending: a Presidential 
conference on export ti*ade expansion at the White House on Octo- 
ber 11. That i^roirram was put toirether ])rimarily by Secretary of 
Commerce Fred Dent, with the assistance of Secretary of the Treasury 
Georo-e Schultz. and other officials of the Government. The Pi'esi- 
dent concluded that all-aftei-noon confei'ence, which was dedicated 
to ways in Avhich the Govei-nment and business could promote trade 
and thus produce more jobs. The President concluded the confer- 
ence and then he held a receivinor line. He asked people to <to through 
the recei vino- line. 

T did: and while o-oino- throufrh the receivincr line, he told me that 
T have just testified to. 

Senator Wek^ker. You meaii in froin<T: throuo;h a receivino; line — the 
President of the T'nited States turns to you while you are going 
through a receiving line and says. "Clark. I didn't talk to you on July 
().'' Ts that the nature of the conversation? 

Mr. IMacGregor. Apparently, someone had brought to his atten- 
tion — not T — but someone had brought to his attention the Ehrlich- 
man assertions or the Gray assertions. T don't know what led to this. 
Senator. Rut the President assured me that my recollection Avas cor- 
rect and squared with his. 

Seiiator Weicker. Well, how long was this conversation with the 
President ? 

Mr. ^NIacGregor. What conversation with the President? 

Senator Weicker. The conversation with the President in the receiv- 
ing line. A^liat was the date of that, again? 

^h\ ^MacGregor. Between 1 or 2 minutes on October 11 : 3 weeks ago 
today in the late afternoon — covered by the press. T don't think the 
press overheard the President talking to me. but if you are questioning 
my veracity. Senator 

Senator Weicker. Xo. T am not questioning it at all. T am trying to 
get the facts. ]\[r. MacGregor. 

Mr. MacGregor. T am giving you the facts. Senator. 

Senator Weicker. T appreciate that and want you to go ahead and 
continue to answer the question. 

On Octol)ei- 11. some 2 or 3 months. T guess, after the testimony given 
l)efore this connnittee liy Mr. Gray. tJie President, on his initiative. 
Tueiely made the statement to you that he did not call you on July 6. 

Mr. MacGregor. T am not pi'ivy to what led the President to intro- 
duce that subject and T don't think it would be helpful foi- me to 
speculate as to why he did. 

Senator Weicker. T understand that. All T am trying to do is get 
the gist of this 1- or 2-minute conversation, which T think both of us 
will agree is not hearsay evidence, as yoTi have complained about to this 


coniniittoo alioady — wo will ^ct back to that — what tlio gist of tliat 
conversation was and who raised the subject ? 

]\Ir. INIacGukcok. Do you wish nie to repeat wluit T said ? 

Senatoi- Wkickkk. I would. 

INfr. IMacGrkoou. T can't be any nioi-e explicit. 

Senatoi- Weickkr. To say. "T did not talk to you on July 6'" — that 
is neither a conversation nor is it of 2 minutes' dui-ation. Was there 
anything further in that conversation? 

iVfr. MacGregor. Oh. yes; the President asked about my health and 
about my wife and children. T did the same to him. I told him I thought 
it had been an excellent conference ; that his Cabinet officers and sub- 
Cabinet officei-s and Ambassador Eberle had done an excellent job. 
and thei-e was give and take. 

Senator Weicker. But that was the only mention made either by 
you or by him as to the conxersation of July 6, just the simple state- 
ment by the President. "I did not talk to you on July 6." 

INIr. INIacGregor. I am sure T responded that I had been advised by 
the legal staff that the Presidential telephone records confirmed his 
recollection and mine. I think that was my response. 

May I say. Senator. I have never called the President of the United 
States after 10 :aO at night or before G :30 in the morning. The nature 
of my work for the President is counselor to the President for con- 
gressional relations. The nature of my job from July 3 onward through 
the election was that there was no emergency that ever justified my 
calling the President at an unusual hour. 

Senator Weicker. Well, of course, that is not exactly so, jNIr. Mac- 
Gregor. Can you I'emember when you talked to the President on 
June 29, just prior to accepting the job of heading up the Committee 
To Re-Elect the President? 

Mr. jMacGregor. He called me. INIy statement was I have never 
called the President after 10 :30 at night. 

Senator Weicker. ^^^^t^t time did you talk to him on June 29? 

Mr. ]MacGregor. It was within a matter of a half hour after the 
conclusion of his television remarks that night. I think it was in the 
neighborhood of 11 p.m. PTe telephoned me. 

Senator Wetcker. Well, that is another subject for later on. 

Now. in Mr. Gray's testimony, just so we can very carefully define 
your definition of "hearsay.'' are you indicating to me, then, that the 
testimony before this committee by Pat Gray relative to his conver- 
sation with you is hearsay ? 

Mr. MacGregor. No; quite obviously. Senator, I am referring to 
John Ehrlichman's testimony before the House committee, as I indi- 

Senatoi- Wetcker. If the testimony is as I have indicated to you and 
as appears in tlie record of the House hearings, would you say, then, 
that Mr. Ehrlichman perjured himself? 

Mr. MacGregor. Tt is not for me to pass judgment on any criminal 
conduct. You and I both know that there is a presumption of innocence 
until proof of guilt and there is a panoply of procedures that must take 
place before someone — maybe the judge — - — • 

Senator Wi-:icker. What you are saying, then, is that the testimony 
given by Mr. Ehrlichman at those House heai-ings does not square 
with vour testimonv. 


Mr. MacGke(;()IJ. Xo: it is my expci'ience ;is a trial lawyer for about 
8 years that jiuloos custoinai'ily o:ive to jurists au iusti'uctiou that 
jToes aloug the Hues of the followiuo-; "Ladies aud geutleuieu of the 
jury, dou't assume that e\ei'y dilt'erence iu testimouy meaus that some- 
l>ocly is lyiug." 

People have dill'ereut recollectious. People see aud remember diifer- 
eut thiuii-s. The assumjitiou that a discrepaucy iu testiuiouy auto- 
luatically lueaus that somebody is lyiuo- is au assumptiou, tliauk good- 
ness, which is uot at all cousisteut with our admiuistratiou of justice 
iu America. 

Seuator Wp:ickek. 1 uuderstaud that, but all I am sayiug is that the 
testiuiouy that I have read to you states very simply that Mr. Ehrlich- 
mau says that you conveyed a request from Gray to the Presideut aud 
you say you did uot. 

Is that corrects 

]Mr. Ma( GiuxoR. It appears to be correct. Ao-aiu. I cau't comment 
on Mr. Ehi'licluuan's testimouy. I dou't think it would be helpful to 
tliis couunittee if I did. I am answering the questions that you put to 
me aud I am telling this committee under oath — aud I take this very 
seriously. Seuator — I did uot s]:»eak to President Xixou by telei)houe or 
in person about the Pat Gray telephone call to me. 

Senator Weicker. Did vou meet with the President on the morning 
of July i> '. 

Mr. MacGre(;or. Yes. 

Senator "Weicker. What time did you meet with the President ? 

]\Ir. MacGreoor. The tirst meeting — thei-e was a change iu schedule. 
In fact, there were considerable tele])hone calls late ou the night of 
July 5 and so ou into the morning of July fi about the change of sched- 
ule. But the first meeting with tlie President took place sometime after 
10 a.m. on July 6 iu his office in San Clemente. 

Senator AVetcker. Aud what was the natui'e of that meeting? 

]\rr. ^FArGREOoR. It was a discussion involving primarily the Presi- 
dent, John Ehrlichman, Mr. AVilliam Tinnnons, and myself. It was 
an assessment of the status of the President's legislative program at 
the end of the fiscal year, which was a few days before, and of the 
]U"ospects for passage of the remainder of the unacted-upon legislation 
l)efore the adjournment of the 02d Congress. The meeting was a legis- 
lative meeting and the President aud Mr. Ehrlichman were concerned 
with the status of domestic legislative items and the attendance of Mr. 
Timmons and ^Mr. ^NlacGregor was occasioned by oui' roles as assistants 
to the President in the congressional relations field. We went down, 
item by item, the major ])ieces of legislation. 

Senator "Weicker. Of course, ai-e you aware from the testimouy given 
to the committee that shortly after Pat Gray's conversation Avith you 
he received a call from the President ? 

Mr. ]MArGREGOR. Yes: I think there is substantial agreement from 
Mr. Grav and from the President to the effect tliat the President tele- 
phoned Ml-. Gray at about S r^T) or thereabouts. Pacific time, on July 6. 
and that he congratulated the FBI ou the job that it had done the day 
before in frustrating tlie attempted skvjacking of a commercial air- 

There also seems to be agreement between the President's statement 
and Mr. Gray's testimouy before this committee that Mr. Gray then 


introduced tlie question oi' misuse, or possible misuse, of the FBI or 
CIA — his word, ''wound.*" 

Tlien this veiy intei'estin<>- thin<»; occurs. Senator Weicker. There is 
a pause, indicatin<>- tliat this matter was a mattei' of first impression to 
l*resident Nixon — -at h'ast, I think a reasonable person would so 

Senator Weicker. And none of these matters were raised in Pat 
Gi'ay's telephone conversation Avith you ? 

Mr. MacGregor. The skyjackino;? 

Senator Weicker. No; the matters of interference Avith the FBI. 

Mr. MacGregor. No; if they had been, of course, my response would 
have be(Mi the same as your response. In my shoes. Senator Weicker. 
you would have said: What does your (rovermuental supervisor, the 
Attoi'uey Genei-al, say about the comi)laint you are makin<»:^ This has 
little or nothino- to do with the campaig:n, but it does have to do with 
the discharge of your responsibilities as Director of the FBI. 

What does your supervisor have to say, Pat Gray, about your com- 
plaint of interference Avith the performance of your chities? 

Now, if Mr. Gray had said to me what is indicated he said to me, 
I would have res]wnded : that has to do with your irovernmental re- 
s]:)onsibilities, not the campaign, and thei-efore. you reported it to the 
Attorney General; what does he say and what action does he take? 

Senator Weicker. Are you aware of the fact from testimony or 
statements made by Mr. Gray that he felt that the only way that 
he could get the word to the President was through you. since he didn't 
feel, were he to go ahead and discuss these matters with either Mi'. 
Ehrlichman or Mr- Haldeman, that the word would get to the 

Mr. ]\rA(^(TRE(!()i;. Youi' characterization does not square with my 
recollection of Mr. Gray's testimony as printed in the Washinofon 
Post, the Washington Star- News, and the New York Times. I don't 
recall that Mr. Gray said to this committee that the only way he 
could get to the President was throuah nie. I don't think that is cor- 
i-ect, sir. 

Senator Weicker. I think it is correct to tell you. ^fr. MacGreiror, 
that he felt that this was the way he could get to the President insofar 
as his ap]:)rehensions were concerned. 

]\Ir. MacGregor. Let me say, working for the President as I did, 
I never heard of the Director or the Acting Director of the FBI 
having difficulty in reaching the President if he had a present matter 
to bring to the President's attention relating to the conduct of his 
duties as Director of the FBI. It is very strange to me to have anyone 
in the position of head of the FBI contend that he could not reach 
the President except through someone who had no relationship what- 
soever to the FBI. 

Senator Weicker. Do you feel the Pi-esident is rather isolated from 
those around him ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I never had any ti'ouble reaching the President. 
I am aware that some Cabinet officers have said they had trouble 
reaching him. That was primarily for conferences in his office. I have 
heard Senatoi-s complain. I haven't heard membei's of the President's 
executive family complain about not being able to reach him on the 


Senator Weicker. So there was complete coinimuiieation betAveen 
those around the President and the President ^ 

Mr. MacGregor. That doesn't follow from my testimony. Senator 
^^^'icker. What I have said is. I am not aware of complaints by Cabi- 
net ofliceis and other senior people in the President's executive family 
about inability to reach the President by telephone if they felt it was 
impoi-tant to do so. 

Senator Weicker. And you had day-to-day contact yourself with 
the President with reg-ard to runnino- the campaign ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Xo; it Avasn't necessary. I could have if it was 
necessary. But when you take over a campaifm and you are leadino- 
by 10 percent in the polls and that steadily expands to a margin of 
some 30 percent, it really isn't necessary to have daily communica- 
tion between the campaign director and the candidate. 

Senator Weicker. '\Miat kind of contact did you have with the 

]\rr. MacGregor. Cordial, friendly, periodic contact. T'sually, he 
would telephone me. Occasionally, there woidd be meetings set up 
which he and I would discuss the status of the campaign and his own 
personal plans to campaign. 

Senator Weicker. If you wanted to talk to the President, did you 
have to go through ]Mr. Ilaldeman first ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Xo. 

Senator Weicker. I have no further questions at this time, Mr. 

Senator Ervix. Senatoi- Montoya. 

Senator Moxtoya. Mr. MacGregor, during your stay at the Xew- 
porter Inn and subsecpient to the time that you received this call from 
Mr. Gray, did you communicate any part of the conversation to ^Ir. 
Ehrlichman oi- to any other aide of the President that night or the 
next day ? 

Ml'. MacGregor. Xo: I talked only with my wife. She asked me Avho 
that was on the phone, and I told her that night. We discussed it 
briefly before we went to sleep. 

• Senator Moxtoya. Did you tell ^Ir. Ehrlichman the next day about 
the convei-sation ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Xo. 

Senator Moxtoya. Did you mention it to anyone ? 

Mr. MacGrech»r. In addition to my wife? Xot until ]Mr. Dorsen. 
pursuant to a request by Mr. Dash, came to my office and asked me 
whether Mr. Gray had telephoned me during my stay at the Xew- 
porter Inn in California. 

Senator Moxtoya. Did you ask Mr. Gray why he had called you ( 

Mr. ]MacGre(;(»r. Xo: he made that clear. My api)ointment as director 
of the campaign, he felt, was a good thing, and he was concerned that 
we should have had a successful campaign, and I told him I would do 
my best. 

Senator Moxtoya. Did you not feel it strange for the Director of 
the FBI to call you from Washington to California just to congratu- 
late you ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I thought it somewhat odd. and that is why. Sen- 
ator Montoya, I indicatecl it was a turnaround trip, and I told him 


the fact tliat wo would bo in our liome in Washington the next evening 
and I woukl bo in my office the next morning. 

Senator Moxtoya. When were you appointed campaign director^ 

Mr. MA('(THE<i()i{. Effective July 1, IDTii. Tlie President made a request 
to me at about 5 p.m. on June 30. 

Senator MoNTOYA. And when was it announced? 

Mr. Mac(tre(jor. July 1, 1972. 

Senator Montova. Would it not seem very strange that the FBI 
Director, if that was his mission, waited (5 days? You had been in 
Wasliington before that, iiad you not ? 

Mr. INrAcCirnKcoi;. No, I did not think it strange. A numbei- of people 
called me on .July f) to tell me tliat they had been away for the Fourth 
of .July holiday and had not had the opportunity to call me, but wanted 
to call and give me best wishes. 

Senator Montoya. Did he tell you that (leneral Walters was there 
with him at the time of the conversation ? 

Mr. MacGkegor. No. He did not mention General Walters" name. 

Senatoi- Montoya. Let us go to the investigation which you con- 
ducted after you assumed the helm at the CREP. Did you go into an 
investigation in depth to ascertain whether there was any involvement 
on the i^art of personnel there ? 

Mr. ]\Ia('G'reoor. No. I did not seek to duplicate the efforts of the 
FBI, the district attorney for the District of Columbia, the grand jury 
sitting heai'ing me, the evidence in the Watergate matter, the Criminal 
.Justice Division of the .Tustice Department, the attorneys representing 
the Democratic National Committee in civil litigation who were then 
conducting discovery pi'ocoduros; nor in mid-.Tuly did I seek to com- 
pete with the General Accounting Office in their inquiries. I had 
neither the time, the training, the exi^erience, nor the personnel to 
compete with these official agencies, all of whom were investigating 
this mattoT'. 

Senator Montoya. Did you receive any rej^orts from anyone within 
the organization at the campaign headquarters with resi)ect to possible 
involvement on the part of personnel working there ? 

Mr. Mac'Gregor. No; not working there when I arrived. I did 
receive information as to the possible involvement and probable indict- 
ment of E. Howard Hunt and Gordon Liddy whom I had never met 
and had never talked with. 

Senator Montoya. They were already discharged at the time, were 
they not? 

Mr. MacGreoor. I do not think Mi'. Hunt had any toIo at the com- 
mittee. If he did, I am not aware of it. 

Senatoi- Montoya. No, but he was working at the White House about 
that time. 

Mr. MacGreoor. Mr. Liddy, I was told, had a role at the committee 
but had been discharged -''> or 4 days before I started working at the 

Senator Montoya. Did you, during the course of trying to find out 
what was ha]^]MMiing. run across any information leading to the unusual 
disbursement of funds to Mr. Liddy bv Mr. Sloan and by Mr. Stans? 

Mr. MacGreoor. I do not remember that I was told the exact 
amount of the Liddy operation which I previously testified I was told 
about. But I did learn that some time before .Tune 17 there had been 


funds oiven to Liddy for i)nrposes of tryinc; to determine the extent 
of tlie i)luniied disruption of the President's cinnpaiun. 

Senator Montoya. Did you, after niakino- a few such cursory in- 
quiries, proceed witli the management of the cami)ai<2:n and then let 
everything else go to the FBI for checking? 

Mr. jNIacGregor. My job was to I'un the campaign. It was similar to 
the same job I would have if I were running a senatorial campaign or 
a congressional campaign; it was just larger in scope, and I did the 
customary things that a campaign manager does. So the answer to your 
question is. yes; as I have testified hei-etofore, I had confidence in the 
effectiveness of the investigations which all of us who read the news- 
papers knew were underway at the time I took the political job. 

Senator Montoya. When would you say you abandoned your in- 
vestigatory interests in whether or not there was any involvement on 
the part of personnel in the Watergate affair ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I did not. 

Senator Montoya. You did not abandon it ^ 

Mr. ]MacGregor. I did not abandon it. 

Senator Montoya. Did you conduct any investigation, then? 

Mr. MacGregor. No. The inquiries that 1 made during the first part 
of July, which I repeated at the Republican National Convention at 
Miami Beach in August with respect to Mr. Magruder, produced the 
same an.swere that people were giving under oath to the grand jury. 
That led me to believe that they wei-e probably accurate and trust- 

Senator ]Montoya. Well, the point I want to make, Mr. MacGregor, 
unless you have other information — there was really no serious in- 
vestigation on your part. You were confining yourself merely to ask- 
ing if anybody was involved ? 

Mr. AlArGREGOR. And to insist tliat there be total cooperation on 
the part of everybody under my jurisdiction with the many investiga- 
tions by duly constituted Government agencies that were underway; 
plus, cooperation with the lawyers for the Democratic National Com- 
mittee in their discovery efforts in the civil litigation. Yes, I tried to 
make sure that everybody was cooperating. 

Senator Montoya. Well, the disco^•erv efforts on the part of the 
lawyers for the Democratic National Committee were with respect to 
the lawsuit which had been filed by Lari-v O'Brien and the Democratic 
National Committee against your organization ; is that not correct? 

]\Ir. MacGregor. There came to be other lawsuits later, but that is the 
primary lawsuit I am referring to. 

Senator Montoya. So, in effect, there was no ongoing investigation 
by you personally? Or- under your direction? 

Mr. MacGregor. As I indicated in response to Mr. Dash, I had been 
advised by the President, and this was public knowledge, that Mr. 
Mitchell had hired a firm of attorneys Avith investigatory experience. 
T ascertained when I came over to the committee in early July that that 
law firm was, in fact, operating. I said they should continue to operate 
in that fashion. 

Senator Montoya. Did they ever give you a report ? 

Mr. MacGregor. From time to time Mr. Parkinson did and, I think, 
on one or two occasions ]Mr. O'Brien. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


Senator Montoya. Was that with respect to the civil suit or trying 
to actually find out whether there was any involvement on the part of 
personnel 'i 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, it was primarily with respect to the civil suit, 
but it also covered other matters — including ongoing criminal investi- 
gations and investigations as to the involvement of anyone else. 

Senator Montoya. Then, 1 will read from the President's news con- 
ference of August 29, 1972, and see how this hts in with what you have 
said, and I quote the President : 

Before Mr. Mitchell left as campaign chairman he had employed a very good 
law firm with investigatory experience to look into the matter. Mr. MacGregor has 
fontinued that investigation and is continuing it now. I will say in that respect 
that anyone on the campaign committee, Mr. MacGregor has assured me, who does 
not cooperate with the investigation or anyone against whom charges are leveled, 
where there is a prima facie case that those charges might indicate involvement, 
will be discharged immediately. That, of course, will be true also of anybody in 
the Government. I think under these circumstances we are doing everything we 
can to take this incident and to investigate it and not to cover it up. What really 
hurts in matters of this sort is not the fact that they occur — because overzealous 
persons or people in campaigns do things that are wrong — what really hurts is 
if you try to cover it up. I would say that here we are with control of the agencies 
of the Government and presumably with control of the investigatory agencies 
of the Government — with the exception of the GA(^, which is independent. We 
have cooperate<i completely ; we have indicated that we want all the facts brought 
out and that as far as any people who are guilty are concerned, they should be 
prosecuted. This kind of activity, as I have often indicated, has no place whatever 
in our political process. We want the air cleared. We want it cleared as soon as 

Now, was there any talk about this time about coverup of the 
Watergate ? 

Mr. MacGregor. No. Senator, perhaps, before we go ahead, if you 
will permit me to read an earlier part of the answer of the President, a 
portion of which you just read — would that he all right ? 

Senator Montoya. Yes ; certainly. 

Mr. MacGregor. The President started the answer, a portion of 
which you read, to the question put to him by the press on August 29, 
1972, by stating as follows, and I quote — the question had to do with 
the investigation of the Watergate case : 

With regard to who is investigating it now, I think it would be well to know 
that the FBI is conducting a full field investigation. The Department of Justice, 
of course, is in charge of the prosecution and presenting the matter to the grand 
jury. The House Banking and Currency Committee — 

The President may have inadvertently made a misstatement saying 
"the Senate Banking and Currency" — 

the Government Accounting Office, an independent agency, is conducting an 
investigation of those aspects which involve the campaign spending law. 

Senator, may T respond to your question of a few moments a^o? 
The portions of the President's answer that you read and the portions 
of the President's answer that T read. T think, are entirely consistent 
with my recollection of the events as of the time of August 29, 1972, 
and are entirely consistent with my testimony here before this com- 
mittee and mv statements elsewhere. 

Senator Montoya. Well, had you told the President that you were 
conducting an investigation and continuing to do so before this press 
conference ? 


]Mr. MacGregor. T didn't tell him but he knew it, obviously, because 
it Avas in tlio news all of the time. 

Senator ]Moxtoya. A^Hiy would he say in his press conference that 
you had assured him ? 

]\fr. MacGregor. Well. I told him I would continue it. I knew that 
attorneys had been hired. 

Senator ]Moxtoya. No, but why would the President go on national 
television and say that ^h\ MacGre^^or had assured him, if you had not 
talked to the President about this? 

]Mr. MacGregor. Well, the totality of the statement. Senator Mon- 
toya. has to be considered. I don't recall £rivin<i the President any 
assurance. I do recall, as I have testified here, that when we spoke on 
Jime 80 and he asked me to take this job. I told him I expected to 
continue the law fii-m tliat had been hired by Mr. Mitchell : to do the 
job that the President has described in the answer to this question he 
<rave at a press conference in California. 

Senator >Moxtoya. Why would he mention the fact that before Mr. 
Mitchell left as campaion chairman he had employed a very o^ood law 
firm with investiir^tory experience to look into the matter — that was 
one statement — and then the next statement was: "INIr. INIacGregor 
has continued the investio;ation. and is continuing it now." In light of 
what you have stated, that you were merely inquiring as to any involve- 
ment and you Avere not conducting an investigation in-depth, would 
you say that the President used the word "investigation" against the 
wrong facts as they existed at the time ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I don't think it is particularly helpful for me. Sen- 
ator, to speculate about the President's motivation — and that was your 
question of a moment ago — nor do I think it is particularly helpful to 
express my opinion as to how this committee should evaluate the evi- 
dence given before it. 

Senator Moxtoya. All right. 

Now I want to go to something else — the subject of dirty tricks. We 
are interested in trying to ascertain whether any dirty tricks were 
practiced upon the Eepublican side of the campaign by the Demo- 
cratic candidates. Can you elucidate on that ? 

Mr. MacGregor. No. 

Senator Moxtoya. Are you aware of any dirty tricks practiced by 
the Democrats on the Eepublicans ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Not during the period in which I was the director 
of the President's reelection committee. 

Senator Moxtoya. All right. 

Mr. MacGregor. If there were any. Senator, they surely were not 
authorized by me, nor were they done by anybody over whom I could. 
possibly exercise direction or control but. may I say, I asked the staff 
whether there is any evidence of so-called dirty tricks played during 
the period J\dy 3 to November 7, 1972, and the response has been 
in the negative. 

Senator ]Moxtoya. That is against the 

Mr. Dash. I think the question, Mr. MacGregor, was not dirty 
tricks by the Republicans against Democrats but were you aware of 
any dirty tricks by the Democrats against Mr. Nixon's reelection cam- 


Mr. ]VIacGregor. None that were verified. Certain incidents hap- 
pened. Senator Montoya, as you know — I know in my Senate race in 
1970, and it's happened before — it's like a situation in Minnesota 
where you and your wife appear at some sclieduled event and you are 
expecting to see a big crowd and you are hoping the television and 
radio will be there and members of the principal media, and the person 
sponsoring the event says : "But you called 3 hours ago and said you 
could not make it and you were snowbound up in Bemiji," or some 
phice else in the State. Tliis is a standard trick, if you will — dirty trick, 

Senator Montoya. It hasn't happened in New Mexico. [Laughter.] 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, I didn't attribute that to any activity on the 
part of my opponent in the 1970 campaign or other campaigns, and 
I don't have any evidence tliat would link Senator McGovern or any 
of his people to any of the events that did, from time to time, cause 
damage to and harassed some of the campaign operations of President 

Senator Montoya. My time is up; thank you Mr. MacGregor. 

Senator Ervin. Senator Baker. 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, thank you very much. 

Mr. MacGregor, I won't try to go over the same factual material 
that you have covered so far wath counsel and Senator Weicker and 
Senator Montoya, but I will ask you a few questions about another 
matter of a broader scope. The resolution creating this committee 
provides that we shall make certain findings, if possible, and make 
certain recommendations for legislation. "While this committee is a 
select committee and not a standing committee, and does not have 
reporting authority, we are, under the resolution, directed to make 
recommendations for legislation which presumably, at some future 
time, will be considered by the standing jurisdictional committees of 
the Senate. That is what I would like to talk about a little. 

Yesterday, I asked the national cam]:)aign director for Senator 
Muskie's primary campaign whether he thought there w^as a danger 
that Pi'esidential campaigning has gotten so glossy, so full of mer- 
chandising techniques, and so big that two things have ha])pened : 
One, i^eople are finding out "who" the candidate is, but they seldom 
find out "what" he is; and two, it is so big and unwieldy that it is 
essentially unmanageable. If you would care to comment on either 
one of those concerns I would be happy for that, and then if you have 
any recommendations on how^ we ought to reform either the campaign 
practices and statutes of the United States or the electoral system, in 
the United States, I would be grateful for that. 

Mr. MacGregor. As you know. Senator, it is a big order and it 
covers a very, very broad field. It is my observation that the electorate 
in a congressional, senatorial, or Presidential reelection campaign has 
a pretty clear idea of the capabilities and performance record of the 
incumbent seeking reelection. You asked in a part of your question 
that perhaps our Presidential campaigns have gotten so big that they 
might know "who" he is, but do they know "what" he is. I think there 
is some validity to that with respect to a candidate who has not been 
on the national scene. But I am just thinking out loud; I am thinking 
in our own i)arty, Goveriior Bockefeller is certaiidy very well known. 
I think people know who he is and what he is, and I trust that is true 


with respect to Governor Reagan. I think that it is in anybody's mind 
while that wasn't true with the revehitions this conunittee lias brought 
out with respect to the Nixon administration, I just would have to say 
to you, I think, that is an exception, rather than the rule. I think gen- 
erally we know who our candidates for President are and what they 
are. 1 think that is true of Senator Hubert Humphrey; it may not be 
true, entirely, of Senator George McGovern. 

Perhaps he didn't get as well known with respect to who he was 
and what he was as Hubert Humphrey, Lyndon B. Johnson, John F. 
Kennedy, or Senator Barry Goldwater', but generally speaking, I think 
the press that is here and the electronic media representatives who are 
here do quite a job; I think some of the McGovern people think they 
do too good a job in bringing every weakness of a candidate to the 
attention of the American people as well as commenting editorially 
on the strengths. 

I have indicated to Mr, Dash one proposal, and indicated with some 
si)eciHcity, if I were a Meml)er of the Congress I would have legisla- 
tion for introduction. I know campaigns are too long and too expen- 
sive. I am hesitant to suggest by legislation that you gentlemen in 
Congress attempt to shorten them or to limit the expenditures except 
in, i)erha])s. the way you already have in the bill passed by the Senate, 
as possibly infringing on first amendment rights and making an 
unequal contest where the incumbent has an advantage over the 

I lia\e studied the question of a national primary — I believe some 
Senators have authored bills to provide a number of regional pri- 
maries. I think that regional primary idea makes some sense. I think 
if we were to standardize on 1 or 2 or 3 or 4 primary days, the number 
of times you go to the polls and the people have a chance to vote in 
a primary. I think that is probably a helpful step. 

But I think tliat this process of improving the way in which we 
finance and the way in which we conduct campaigns at the Presiden- 
tial, senatorial, and congressional leivel is a matter in which the Con- 
gress and tlie Executive must give continuing attention and must 
constantly stand in readiness to improve existing laws by reforms 
that are well thought out, and hopefully will prove to be effective. 

Senator Baker. ^AHiat do you think about public-versus-private 

Mr. MacGrkoor. I have some reservations about public financing. 

Senator Baker. Do you have some reservations about private 

Mr. MacGreoor. Many; that is why I recommended the proposal 
which, if you will, is a mix of ideas. It is a public agency — the 
Federal Elections Office would act as a conduit and reporting authority 
of every dollar contributed to a candidate for Fedei\al office, and I 
Mould make it a criminal offense, if there were such a statute created — 
T would make it a criminal offense to make contributions to candidates. 

Senator Baker. "\Aniat do you think about publicly financing the 
Presidential elections? They are really the big money elections; they 
nre the ones in which enormous sums of money are involved. We 
have heard estimates of from 1 to 10 million people. Does that alter 
tile situation any, or your view of public-versus-private financing — 


the special nature of the Presidential campaign? I am speaking of a 
general election campaign, not necessarily the primary. 

Mr. MacGregor. Senator Baker, I think contained in a Senate bill 
passed by the Senate, passed several months ago, was a limit to the 
expenditures in Presidential and congressional races. In any event, 
if I am coi'rect, I think you can look on a Presidential race as a 
senatorial race conducted simultancKiusly in 50 separate States plus 
the District of Columbia, because of the electoral system in the Presi- 
dential race; and you and I worked together in the 1968 Nixon cam- 
paign. We know each State is a separate contest and if you limit the 
President to expenditure of money that you limit Senators to on a 
State-by-State basis based, as I understand it. on the population of 
that State and then perhaps made some additional small limitation for 
national television or national network radio advertising. I think 
something like that should be explored. 

Senator Raker. What do you think about the electoi-al college 

Mr. MacGregor. I have been a great booster of the constitutional 
amendment which passed the House a few years ago. I was pleased 
to be a coauthor of a direct popular election constitutional amendment. 
I don't believe it passed the Senate, although the Senate in the past has 
adopted, and the House has not adopted, a constitutional amendment 
that would alter the way we elect Presidents. 

Senator Baker. A^Hiat about the selection and the election of a Vice 

Mr. MacGregor. It has been my stiong belief, and I don't believe 
that the trauma of the last couple of months has changed my belief, 
that the President and Vice President must be a team and nnist be 
presented to the electorate as a team. 

Senator Baker. Well, given that. <'an you see any way we could 
materially improve the selection process? Senator Griffin suggested, as 
I understand it, that you don't vote for the Vice President at all, but 
rather rely entirely on the 2oth amendment after a President is elected 
to confirm or reject the President's choice for Vice President, pre- 
sumably in January of the year following the election. 

]Mr. MacGregor.' Senator Griffin is a very thoughtful and ]:)erceptive 
legislator ; he was in the House and I am sure he has been in the Senate. 
I wouldn't want to go through any period of more than a week oi" two 
following the election for President when we had no Vice President. 
I would rather develop better procedures in each political party for 
the selection of the Vice Presidential candidate by the party system. 
Believe me, I think the 25th amendment is a step forward and, again. 
I played a role in the draftmanship when I was a INIember of the 

Senatoi* Baker. Mr. INIacGregor. I won't prolong this much longer: 
much of what I am discussing with you now for the record, you and 
I have discussed when you were a Member of the House and I was a 
Member of the Senate, and we were both attracted to the popular 
election of the President which didn't always meet with the approval 
of all of my colleagues including, I Ix'lieve, my distinguished chair- 
man; but I lost and he won and that makes it still an issue. I think 
T have some idea about how you feel about these things. I could go 
on about the refinements in private financing or the dangers or safe- 


guards of public financing — maybe we can do that in another conversa- 
tion another day or maybe you Would like to submit your views, if you 
have further views, on this subject to the committee for its record. 

Mr. MacGregor. I would certainly like that opportunity, ]Mr. Vice 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, if there is no objection, I would like 
to ask that the witness be permitted to submit his further views about 
campaign reform. 

Senator Ervix. I am sure the committee would be delighted to re- 
ceive them. 

Mr. :MacGregor. Thank you, :Mr. Chairman. Might I, before we 
leave this, ask Mr. Dash if the staff would be land enough to provide 
me with a verbatim transcript of the Senators question so I know 
what it is that lie has invited me to submit?* 

Mr. Dash. We will provide you with a verbatim transcript of your 
full public testimony. 

Mr. ]MacGregor. Thank you. 

Senator Baker. Two last and final questions: I am really con- 
cerned that the Presidential campaign apparatus may be so big and 
unmanageable and, by the very nature of it, it may create situations 
wliere people, young and old, are predisposed to act in a w^ay that 
miglit not be expected of them otherwise. The hunger for peer ap- 
proval, the "let's do it for the boss" concept, or "Well, everybody is 
doing it; that is politics." And when you staff up 1 million or 10 mil- 
lion people to run a Presidential campaign, would you agree with me 
that you know very few of them, as national director, and have very 
little control over most of them? 

]\rr. MacGregor. That is true. 

Senator Baker. Have you got any ideas on how^ we can tighten up 
on the responsibilities of a campaign ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Most of the evils that have come to light in the 
work of this committee and other investigative bodies center on the 
question of financing. I know that, according to the press at least, you 
are in the so-called dirty tricks phase. 

I don't know, legislatively, how you deal with somebody who prints 
a bogus letter or circulates a bogus letter. I think that is against the 
law now, and if it isn't, it should ])e; to reduce the temptation to do 
this, the penalties ought to be increased. 

Senator Baker. Or, to make the point that was made yesterday about 
the Stewart Mott letter against Senator Muskie, that was — Mr. Mott, 
a Democrat against a Democratic contender, put his name on it but 
that didn't reduce the nature of its scurrilous contents; I don't know 
how you legislate against that anyway. But if you would include your 
thoughts along these lines and others that may occur to you. 

Mr. MacGregor. All right, sir. 

Senator Baker. Even though they may involve changes in statute 
law or even in the Constitution, and even though some of them mnj- 
appear to be impossible to deal with legislatively; if you would let us 
liave your full thoughts, you are one of a very few people in the United 
States who has been through a national campaign who has the experi- 
ence and the perception to advise us in tliis respect, and I would be very 
grateful for it. 

Mr. MacGregor. Thank vou, Senator Baker. 

*Not received at ttme of pubUcation. 


Senator Baker. Thank yon. 

Senatoi- Ervtx. Senatoi- Talmadire. 

Senator TAL:\rADOK. Mr. MacGreoor. yon liavo testified that yon liad a 
feel in <r tliat yon had heen nsed and yon exehided the President from 
that. Wlio do yon tl)ink yon had been nsed by? 

Mr. MacGreoor. JjqVs stai-t witli those who testified l)efore this oom- 
niittee. They eitlier deceived me, if my charar-tcrization of Jeb Ma- 
flfrnder's testimony is correct, or withlieUl tlie tintli from me, if my 
characterization of John Dean is correct. 

T wotdd start on tlie basis of their testimony before this committee, 
with Mr. Maornder and Mr. Dean. T lia^e tlie feelinji there are others 
who were pi'ivy to wliat Mr. Macrnder and Mr. Dean Hvere doing, 
and T tliink tlie fnll process of inqniry by" this "committee, pins the 
actions of onr criminal jnstice system in the jndiciary in the prose- 
cntorial sense, will give me the facts that enable me to give yon a com- 
])lete answer to yonr qnestion. Senator. 

I think, vrithont knowing that tlie fact has been established that 
others j^articipated in this, it wonld be nn-wise and mifair for me to 
name others. 

Senator Talmadoe. Yon wonld limit it oidy to Magrnder and Dean, 
as of now ? 

Mr. MacGreoor. T wonld do that on the basis of their own testimony 
here, as reported in the jiress. I think — yes, T was nsed to some extent 
by each of these gentlemen, and perhaps by others. 

Senatoi- TAE:vrADOE. Wonld yon include Mr. Ehrlichman inasmuch 
as he partici])ated in the Ellsberg break-in without informing yon? 

Mr. ^TacGrecor. T think if onr roles had been reversed, I wonld have 
told him, as the director of the campaign, abont the previous activities 
that might arise or the information of which might arise or the sus- 
picion of which might arise dnring the campaign in which T had 

Now, I say that Avith fnll aii]:)reciation of the fact that T don't knoAv 
anything abont the scope of the national security inqniry that the so- 
called Plnmbcrs nnit apparently was assigned to carry ont. and so I 
am hesitant to speak on the basis of incomplete information. 

Senator Talmadge. Don't yon think Mr. INIitchell should have in- 
formed yon also of his involvement with Liddv and others? 

Mr. JNIacGregor. I think those who had knowledge of the Watergate 
break-in and all parties who might have had. as T have nsed the phrase 
"foreknowledge of it," T think those i)eo])lo should have told me; yes. 

Senator TAL^rAOOE. Did yon ever sit down at any time with former 
Attorney General John ^fitchell man to man and ask him if he was 
ever involved in any way ? 

Mr. MacGreoor. Senator, on July 1, 1972, T told him that T was 
knowledgeable abont his public statement of denials of involvement 
and I was taking those at face value. T was accepting those; and he 
indicated to me that that was an ap]^ro))riate attitnd(> for me to take. 

Senator T.\L:\r.\i)OE. That wonld indicate that \on ha\'e been nsed bv 
Mr. :\ritchell also, wonld it not ? 

Mr. MacGreoor. T think he should have been more candid with me. 
T heard him testifv before this committee that he took' the steps that he 
took because he regarded the reelection of the President to be para- 


mount, and lie feared tliat disclosure mi^ht result in the President's 
defeat. I do not share that opinion. 

Senator Talmadge. After you became the campaijini manao:er on 
July 1. 1972, how much influence did Mr. Ilaldeman have on the cam- 
paio;n decisionmaking? 

Mr. MacGregor. No more than any other senior AYliite House offi- 
cial or Cabinet officer who would make suggestions or recommendations 
to me about the conduct of the campaign. 

Senator Tai.madge. INlr. Ehrlichman ? 

]Mr. ^MacGregor. The same. 

Senator Talmadge. Mr. Stans ? 

Mr. ]MacGregor. The same. 

Senator Talmadge. Mr. Mitchell ? 

Mr. INIacGregor. The same, but somewhat less, because there was a 
decreasing opportunity for Mr. IMitchell to be in contact with me. I 
think he and his family established residence in New York shortly 
before the opening of school last year and I did not see Mr. Mitchell 
much after Labor Day last year. 

Senator Talmadge. By the President ? 

iNIr. MacGregor. The President was the candidate. When I was a 
candidate, as I have been six times for a seat in the U.S. Congress, I 
felt that tlie campaign manager ought to do what the candidate wants 
unless there is strong agi-eement among the key campaign people that 
the candidate is wrong. 

The issue never arose between the President and me as to whether 
I was doing something that he would not do. He indicated to me — if 
he ever did — tliat things were going well, as indeed, the polls and the 
final result showed things were going well in terms of the conduct 
of the campaign. 

But had the Pi'esident said to me or given me a direction, I would 
have followed it. Senator. I had that understanding with him, but with 
no one else, that I have to take directions. But I w^as always open 
to suggestions. 

Senator Talmadge. Mr. Stans testified to this committee that his 
activity was limited purely to raising money. Is that correct? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes, with this one additional proviso. As a mem- 
ber of the budget committee, he talked about reducing expenditures. 
So, yes. He did not participate in the political decisions that were 
made in the political campaign as to what issues to stress, how to ac- 
complish a change of personnel in a given State so as to Avin that State's 
electoral votes. But to the extent that he was concerned about the ex- 
penditure of funds, he did have some influence. It was not a major 

Senator Talmadge. One thing that is most surprising to me about 
his testimony, given liis background and competence and experience, 
was how hundreds of thousands of dollars could be disbursed in cash 
and. according to his testimony, he did not have the vaguest idea 
where it was going or for what purpose. 

Mr. ]\IacGregor. I do not remember the exact date that Mr. Stans 
left his position in the Department of Commerce and assumed his 
responsibilities with the committee. My recollection is it was some- 
time in February of 1972. I may be wrong in that, but it is in that 


It. is also my recollection that Mr. Mitchell did not really move into 
his position until April of 1972. I think many of the evils that have 
come to light occuri-ed as a i-esult of the process or a set of procedures 
that predated the arrival on the scene of either Mr. Stans or Mr. 

Senator Talmadge. Now, you have testified that Mr. Gray called 
you and was concerned about the campaign. Your testimony is some- 
what different from what Mr. Gray said. He said he was warning you 
about it and Gray quoted somewhat stronger language than that. 

Mr. Magrudei- also testified that he toUl you that he was fearful that 
it went beyond Liddy and the others. Did you gi\'e their warnings and 
testimony any credence, theii- statement to you I 

Mr. MacGregor. If I may. Senator Talmadge, I mean no disrespect. 
You mentioned Magruder. I think perhaps you mean Mr. Mardian. 

Senator Talmadge. I thought it was Magruder. Did lie not warn you 
that the affair may well go beyond the origiiuil Watergate Seven? 

M,r. MagGregor. Mr. Mardian did. Mr. Magruder never did. Magru- 
der in fact gave nie directly and indirectly, over and over again, the 
firm conviction that the responsibility ended with the original Water- 
gate Seven. 

The answer to your question, however, is, yes. I was concerned by 
those statements and I took action to, again, determine whether or not 
what people had been saying was true and they told me it was true. 

Senator Talmadge. Did you tell the Pi-esident of your concern? 

Mr. MacGregor. No, not as a result of the Gray telei)hone call or 
as a result of the Mardian comments to me at the Republican National 

I might say. Senator, perhaps only these two instances have come to 
light in your inquiry, but the matter of Watergate was a daily concern 
from and after July 1. When my wife and I would travel throughout 
the country — to Atlanta, foi- example — the key people in Georgia run- 
ning the President's reelection campaign would express their concern 
about Watergate. This was a daily matter. There was not anything par- 
ticularly unusual, in my recollection, about the Gray expression of 
concern or the Mardian comments about the possible involvement of 

For example, at the Republican National Convention, my deputy, 
Fred Malek, and I met with a number of delegations ; State delega- 
tions, the key Republican officers in the political organization in the 
State and the key Nixon campaign people. And at many of those meet- 
ings, the concern was expressed that some beyond the Watergate Seven 
would be indicted. We expected the indictments to come the week after 
the convention. 

Senator Talmadge. Did you believe all those stories that appeared in 
the news media at that time ? 

Mr. MAcGRFXiOR. Oh, no. They caused me concern. 

Senator Talmadge. 1^ i you believe them uoav ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I wiil belie\-e that somebody has committed conduct 
that is contrary to the law when that has been estal)lished in court or 
incontrovertibly developed by the Congress, by a committee of the 
stature of this committee, but not before. I believe in persumption of 
innocence. It has been strained, pretty badly strained, in the past few 
months. But as a lawyer, as you are, I still give it credence. 


Senator Talmadgk. Thank you, Mr. JMacGre^ror. I want to compli- 
ment you on the forthriirlitnt'ss and candor of your testimony. 

Senator Ekvix. I might state that tlie contacts I Inive had with you 
on conference committees and others during our joint exi)erience 
in Congress made me expect the forthrightness of the testimony which 
you have given us. 

Mr. MacGregor. Thank you, Mr. Cliairman. 

Senator Ervix. You did not conduct an indei)endent investigation 
of the Watergate atfair, you say ( 

Mr. MAcGREca^R. No, sir, other than make the inquiries on a face- 
to-face basis with the key peopk^ 1 inherited on that committee. 

Senator Ervix. And after you became director of the political Com- 
mittee To Re-Ellect the President, you issued certain statements deny- 
ing any complicity of members of the committee in the Watergate 
affair, and that was based upon statements given to you by other 
persons on the committee on whom you relied ? 

Mr. ^MacGregor. That is cor-rect, sir. 

Senator ERVIX^ As a matter of fact, with all the duties that de- 
volved upon you as chairman of the national campaign committee, 
you would not have had time to have conducted an investigation. 

Mr. ]MacGregor. Not and do the job that the President asked me 
to do that customarily would develop; whether it be an incumbent 
President, whether it be Senatoi', President or Congressman. 

Senator ER^^x^ One thing that has intrigued me is ever since this 
committee started this investigation, tlie evidence before this com- 
mittee compels the conclusion that within a very brief time after the 
])reak-in on June 17, 1072, it was proclaimed in the news media in a 
way in wliich every person who sought to lie informed would under- 
stand that prior to the break-in, $114,000 of campaign funds contrib- 
uted to the reelection campaign of the President was deposited tem- 
jiorarily in the bank account of Bernard L. Barker, one of the bur- 
glars caught in the Watergate. That 53 $100 bills which came out of 
this $114,000 deposit wei-e found in the i^ossession of the five Imrglars 
at the time they were appreliended in the Watei'gate. What I cannot 
understand, what mystifies me, is why someone did not suggest to the 
President that he should call in his two campaign managers, former 
Attorney General Mitchell and former Secretary Stans, and ask them 
how it happened that five burglars had been caught in the head- 
quarters of the opposition political party with his campaign funds in 
their pockets. 

]\fr. ^NIacGregor. Senator, all T can suggest to you is that the answer 
to your question lies, as far as the President is concerned, in one state- 
ment. T am quoting from the printed record of the President's state- 
ment of August 15. 1978 : "In the summer of 1072, I had given orders 
for the Justice Department and the FBI to conduct a thorough and ag- 
gressive investigation of the Watergate break-in and I relied on their 
investigation to disclose the facts." 

Now. I know your question pei'haps goes broader than that, but it did 
occur to me. in response to the inquiry which you just put to me. which, 
according to the press, you have put to previous witnesses — it does 
seem to me appropriate to call attention to the fact that the Presi- 
dent apparently immediately ordered a full field investigation, a no- 


holds-b;inod investigation by the FBI. and said, let the chips fall 
where tliey may. 

Senator Ekvin. "Well, the President had enti'usted the political man- 
agement of his campaign to John Mitchell, and he entrusted the finan- 
cial management of his campaign — that is, the collection of contribu- 
tions — to Maurice Stans, And it is a mystery to me, and why I think 
the President owes some obligation — at least, if I had been in his place, 
I would have done it — and I cannot undei'stand why someone did not 
suggest to the President that he call in those two men and ask them 
the direct question: How did it hapj^en that five bui'glars wei'e caught 
in the headquartei'S of the opposition political paity with his campaigii 
funds in their pockets^ 

If I were a candidate for an office and five Inirglars were caught in 
the headquarters of my opponent with my campaign funds in their 
pockets, I would i-aise pluperfect Cain to find out how that happened. 
I would certainly call in my campaign managers. 

I think had the President taken that action, und I think it is deeply 
regretta])le that he did not, I think if he had taken this action, this 
matter would have been fully disclosed within a few days and this 
country and the President and everybody concerned would have been 
saved the travail of going through a great agony. 

Of course, hindsight is better than foresight. 

Mr. MacGregor. I find myself — if I may, Senatoi" — I find myself in 
substantial agreement with the views you have expressed. I hope you 
will not think it disrespectful of me to suggest to you that the best man 
to answer your question is the President of the United States. If time 
and circumstances have not permitted you the opportunity to put the 
question to him, I hope that that would happen and you would have 
that opportunity. 

Senator Ervin. Well, thank you. 

Mr. MacGrkgor. Not necessarily in this forum, you understand. Per- 
haps when you and Senator Baker are talking with him, if you do 

Senator Ervix. Just one further thing. I am opposed to the direct 
election of the President. I believe when you convert — I believe it is 
18,5,000 voting precincts in the 50 States — and when you convert all 
those, in effect, into 1 ]:)recinct, you have raised more problems than 
you have solved. I think we need a i-eform in the electoral process and 
I am an advocate of an amendment along that line. I think if w^e 
abolished the Presidential electors — keep the Presidential electoral 
votes, but instead of having to cast them by individuals, just let them 
be divided automatically by election officials among the candidates 
in proportion to their popular vote, I think it would get rid of many 
of the evils of the system and not get us in this fix where we Avould 
have just one big election ])i-ecinct in 50 States. I do not believe — 
especially these bills, the TTouse judicial amendments providing for 
direct election — pi-ovided that if nobody got 45 ])ei-cent of the votes, 
we would have to have a rerun of the ehvtion. I do not think this 
counti-y could .stand two Pi-esidential elections within 1 year. 

Mr. MacGrkoor. The problem of dealing with a situation where 
a candidate, while winning a plurality, showed up with a minority 
of the Presidential elector-al votes — I think that is a serious ]>roblem 
that is recognized by the proponents of direct popular election. It is 


mindful of the phrase attributed, I guess, to Winston Churchill, that 
democracy is not a very efficient system but it is inordinately better 
than anyt'hino- else devised by the mind of man. 

I know that you and I, by vii-tue of our association, have been ad- 
vocates of reform in the way we elect Presidents. We differ a little 
bit about what road to take in reachino; the same o:oal. 

Seiuitor Ekvix. Senator Weicker, do you have more questions? 

Senator Weicker. Yes, I do, Mr. Chairman. I would like to add, if I 
might, on the point Mr. MacGregor raised — that is, asking the ques- 
tion of the President directly. 

Would you approve, would you think it a good idea, since I have 
written to the chairman of this committee and since this was a matter 
which I raised with the committee earlier this week, that the full 
connnittee meet with the President at his convenience at the ^Vliite 
House, not under oath, and have the proceedings made public — in 
other words, that there be a full transcript of the proceedings whicli 
would be made public ? Do you think that would be a good forum to go 
ahead and ask the question ? 

Ml-. ^NIacGregor. I think a better forum — the forum I had in mind 
wlien I sjwke just a moment ago with the chairman — was the occasion 
of the meeting which produced the so-called John Stennis compro- 
mise. T agi'ce that that compromise did not live very long, but I would 
tliink it would be gener-allv in the interest of this country if, on an in- 
foi-mal basis, there could be, given all of the facts and circumstances, 
further opportunities for the distinguished chairman of this com- 
mittee, along with the distinguished vice chairman of this commit- 
tee, to meet on the problems that arise with the President of the 
Ignited States. 

Senator Weicker. Of course, w^e are not talking about problems. 
We are talking about asking questions. Do you think it might be best, 
since we have always acted together as a committee, that the full 
committee might meet with him — as I say, not under oath — in a setting 
of his own choosing, to ask those questions? Quite frankly, questions 
which are on matters that are not on any tapes. I realize the preoccu-- 
pation i)eople have with tapes, but there are a good many other sub- 
jects that have come under the scrutiny of this committee. Do you not 
think it might be a satisfactory compromise in order to get the truth 
to the American people ? 

i\rr. MacGregor. I don't believe. Senator Weicker, I have an opinion 
or comment to make on your suggestion. 

Senator Weicker. Well, the onlv wav that I know I can ask the 
President is if I sit face to face with the President. I gather that is 
what you indicated, as to who would be the person to direct the ques- 
tion toward. 

Do you know why we are asking these questions, Mr. MacGregor, 
relative to whether or not you conducted an investigation? 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, I read the Washington Post this morning. 
You may have prompted, or they may have prompted you or some- 
body may have j^rompted them. 

Senator Weicker. Xo. I will tell you exactly what prompted me. 

]\rr. MacGregor. iNfay I finish my answer to your question ? 

Senator Weicker. Please do. 


]\ri-. MacGregor. You asked me. do I know? The answer is. "No, I 
don't." But as with any person, and it is true with respect to tlie Presi- 
dent of tlie Ignited States, an answer lie <xave to a question at the press 
conference— to a question I suspect he dichi't anticipate — and the care- 
fully prepared written statement of the President are at some variance, 
•which is true. I never tell the same story exactly the same way twice. 
An honest man never recites ]^i-ecisely the same set of events with the 
same terminolo<2:y, unless he has memorized it, in my opinion. 

So, yes, there is some variance — and the Washington Post pointed 
it out in an article this morninc: — between the President's statement 
at a recent press conference and his statements in response to ques- 
tions at the press conference of August 29 last year at San Clemente 
and the written statement issued by the White House on Auofust 15 of 
this year. 

Senator Weicker. Let me be very precise, because this is a line of 
questionino- I initiated durin<2: the coui'se of the summer hearings. 
In his statement of April oO, 1973. the President made the following 

As a result, on March 21, I personally assumed the responsibility of coordi- 
nating- intensive new inquiries into the matter. I iiersonally ordered those 
conduetins the investig-ation to get all the facts and to report them directly 
to me, right here in this office. 

On the basis of that statement, made by the President on April 80, 
I inquired of the following individuals as to whether or not they 
conducted an investigation, oi- liad been requested, rather, by the 
President on that particular day to conduct the investigation and 
report the facts to him: Patrick Giay, head of the FBI, Richard 
Kleindienst, iiead of the Justice Department, and Henry Petersen, 
head of the Criminal Division of the Justice Department. All denied 
that they had received any order by the President of the United 
States on March 21 to conduct an investigation and re):)ort the matter 
to him in his office. This matter has been pui'sued since then, and 
all sorts of explanations have been made since then, including throw- 
ing your name into the pot, not by this committee but by the President. 
And still there is no satisfactory answer as to exactly what occurred 
on March 21, at least insofar as the individuals that were charged 
with the investigation, or in your particular instance, your situation 
which, as I say, was not created by this connnittee but rathei- by the 
President himself. Do you have any idea who, beyond yourself and 
these three individuals, miglit have conducted this investigation? 

Mr. M.\cGregor. Tt appears, Mr. Weicker, at least from your most 
recent inquiry, that you are concentrating on the period sometime 
between March and April of 1973. I have no knowledge of any of 
the events in March or A]:»ril of 1973, T have been enjoying a private 
life since November S, 1972. 

Senator Wetcker. All T am trying to say is that the difficulty which 
has occuri'ed hei-e is not a matter of fault as fai- as the connnittee or 
the press is concerned, but I'ather of fault as fai- as the President is 
concerned in trying to inform us as to his statement of April 30. 

Mr. M.vcGregor. Let's make it clear. T don't think it is my province 
here to assess fault, and T believe I have heard you say in previous 
hearings that you are just trying to get the facts. 


Senator Weicker. I am trying to get the facts, and I Avould like 
to know who exactly receiA'ed the order to conduct the investigation 
on March 21, and. so far, nobody has answered that question. 

Mr. MacGregor. I can't lielp you. Senator, because I have been out 
of the Government since November. 

Senator Weicker. I understand that, but at least you have estab- 
lished the very valuable point that you were not appointed to go 
ahead and conduct the investigation. That is the testimony you have 
given here. 

Mr. MacGregor. Xot in ]March or April of 197-3. I think it is some- 
what of a semantic exercise to indicate that — what I indicated to the 
Pi'esident I Avould do, or did do, was to conduct an investigation in 
the exercise of personal assurance. 

Senator AVEirivER. I would like to turn, if I might, to the Pat Gray 
phone conversation on July 5 or 6, depending on which version is 

^fr. INlArGREGOR. Tf my version is correct, it is both, because it was 
Jul v C^ in "Washington and July 5 in California. 

Senator "Weicker. All right. You indicated that you did not discuss 
that phone conversation with anybody, is that correct ? 

Mr. ^SIacGregor. T told mv wife about it and we discussed it. Then 
we went to sleep. It was not a momentous occasion. 

Senator AVeicker. I think you would have a rather hard time selling 
that to — in light of what has happened — either to the countrv or Pat 

^Nfr. ^NIacGregor. T would respectfully disagree with you with respect 
to the countrv. T think that the supporting evidence, which T have 
alluded to here and which the committee has in its record, indicates 
that this is a difference of recollection between ^NIi". Grav and myself. 
It will probably be ultimately decided, if ever, in favor of mv recollec- 
tion. But I could be wrong, Senator, I could be Avrong. 

Senator "Weicker. Look. I am not trying to make a point. I agree 
with you except for the fact that it is obviously important enough for 
the President of the Ignited States to turn to you in the middle of a 
receiving line and sav, "We didn't talk on July 6." 

]Mr. ^NIacGregor. Well, this isn't the only inquiry in town. Senator. T 
don't know what may have transi^ired. I read Jack Anderson's column 
the other dav. T don't know whether that is accurate or Avhether it isn't 
accurate. I haven't discussed the Jack Anderson column with anybody, 
but it ought not to be any great mystery to you, or to anybody else, that 
the inquiries by this committee are not the only inquiries going on. In- 
quiries l)y others may generate some thinking or activity that you and I 
don't know about. 

Senator "Weicker. All right. To get back to your statement, you dis- 
cussed, then, the phone call, possibly with your wife and no one else? 

^Ir. ^MacGregor. Xot possibly, I did discuss it with my wife. 

Senator Weicker. In an interview reported August 14. 1973. in the 
Washinirton Post, it says that MacGrecfor said in the interview, that 
at the time Gray said he talked, ]\racGregor and his wife. Barbara, 
were swimming in the motel swimming pool. You recalled that Herb 
Klein, the "NMiite House directoi- of comnuniications and ^Nlrs. Klein, 
were there also. ]Mrs. Klein said, through a spokesman this week, he 


remembered talking with the MacGre^ors at poolside that morning, 
and Clark mentioned something about getting a call from Pat Gray 
the previous night. 

The question specifically to you is this : As I understand, also at the 
time you received the call, Bill Timmons was in your suite, is that 
correct ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes; Bill Timmons and my wife and I w^ere just 
about to say good night. Bill was going to leave and go to his hotel 
room. My wife and I were going to retire. 

Senator Weicker. Is it possible, then, that either Bill Timmons or 
Herb Klein communicated your phone conversation with Pat Gray 
to the President? 

Mr. MacGregor. It is not my recollection that I mentioned Pat 
Gray's phone call to Bill Timmons when I came back from the sit- 
ting room to the bedroom. Bill was standing with his hand on the 
doorknob, ready to leave, and we shook hands and he left. It is not 
my recollection that I ever talked to Bill Timmons about the Pat Gray 
phone call, or that I said, that was Pat Gray on the phone. 

It is not my recollection that I mentioned — when I was swimming 
the next morning in the motel pool — that I mentioned it to Herb 
Klein and his wife. But as I was swimming, working out the next 
morning, Mr. and Mrs. Klein did walk from their motel and, of course, 
by the checkout area of the desk, and I did discuss with them and I 
did talk to them. I am not sure that I talked about Pat Gray calling 
the night before. But it is possible. 

Senator Weicker. In other words, what I am basically saying — 
I want to make one think clear here— that having served with you 
and known you, I am willing to accept the statement you make before 
this committee that you did not go aliead and communicate with the 
President. But was it possible that somebody else communicated with 
the President the subject matter of your phone call ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, thank you, Senator. I can only tell you that 
I am familiar with the system that operates, at least with the Wliite 
House switchboard. I am not familiar with the San Clemente situa- 
tion. I have only been there twice in my life, and each time was last 
summer or fall. But when a call is made from one Government official 
to another former Government official, who was a Government official 
a few days previously, through the White House switchboard, it is 
not a secret. Nobody tries to keep that secret from anybody. I haven't 
said this before because I can't really say I have a clear rex^ollection 
of it, but I have a recollection that when I arrived at the Newporter 
Inn, the girl at the desk said, the Wliite House at San Clemente has 
several calls for you, Mr. MacGregor. This would have been about 
9 :30 p.m., California time, on July 5. 

The fact that one person is calling another one when you are staying 
at a public place is not a secret from anyone. There could have been 
a number of ways in which persons who were not on that telephone 
putting in a call to Clark MacGregor — not limiting it to Pat Gray 
and me — could have known of the fact that we talked. 

Frankly, one of the reasons is because I thought he was concerned 
about something that I didn't fully understand. One of the reasons I 
told him about coming back so quickly w^as I anticipated that he and I 
would have a chance to talk where it wouldn't be as public as through 


the AVhite House switchboard, through a hotel switchboard to the 
liotel room. I must confess I was somowliat surprised that I didn't hear 
from him after that. 

Senator Weicker. In other words, what I am trying to resolve is 
the coincidence, if you will, of the Presidential phone call back to 
Pat Gray after the phone conservation with you. As I said, I accept 
your word before this committee. But, somehow, the committee has 
to, or I have to — the best way we can — resolve these rather extraordi- 
nary coincidences as between when you were notified and the phone 
calls of the President. 

Mr. MacGregor. I am sure the Administrator of the Federal Avia- 
tion Administration won't like this, but it may be that Mr. Butter- 
field, if recalled as a witness, could add something to this discussion 
we are now having. 

Senator Weicker. Mr. Chairman, I don't know what the schedule 
of the committee is. I have several more questions of Mr. MacGregor. 
Is it the intention of the chairman to continue or would it be the wish 
of the chairman 

Senator Ervin. It may well be that we can finish with the hearing 
this morning and not come back in the afternoon. 

Mr. ?klAcGREGOR. I would ask, Senator Weicker, if it won't cut the 
committee short, I would appreciate if we do go ahead to the con- 

Senator Weicker. During the week — getting back to that time 
just prior to your accepting the position to be chairman of the com- 
paign — during the week following the July 17, 1972, break-in, did 
you attend the 8:15 White House staff meeting? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes; I attended the regular daily meetings of 
the senior White House staff at 8 :15 and I had been doing so, Senator 
Weicker, since early 1971. 

Senator Weicker. And the composition of those meetings at that 

Mr. MacGregor. The senior "Wliite House staff changed during the 
period that I was thero but I think the only substantive change was 
in the Office of Management and Budget. George Shultz used to attend 
the meetings regularly and when he moved to Treasury, Cap Wein- 
berger took his place. The regular participants were the senior White 
House officials, plus advisers to the President. That would include the 
following : Henry Kissinger, Bob Finch, Don Rumsfeld, Bob Halde- 
man, John Ehrlichman, Bill Timmons, Peter Flanigan, the Chair- 
man of the Council of Economic Advisers, who was first Paul Mc- 
Cracken and then later Herb Stein, Ron Ziegler, and myself. I may 
have left out someone but I think that is about it. 

Senator Weicker. All right. 

During this time, June 17, the week following June 17, was Water- 
gate ever discussed at that meeting ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes, yes. I think it was, probably at each of the 
meetings from there on, because there were many daily developments 
and news stories. Senator Weicker. By daily I mean starting the 

Monday following the arrest of the burglars and then 

Senator Weicker. What was the nature of the discussion, merely 
a rehash of what was in the papers or what ? 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 -- 


Mr. MacGrbgor. Primarily, individuals saying in agreement with 
one another : "That was stupid ; it was bizarre ; it was idiotic ; it w^as 
politically unproductive, of course; it sure comes as a surprise to 
me; I had no idea that anything like this was contemplated." Those 
were the statements that were made by people who made them. 

Senator Weicker. Now, June 22 about 10:15 a.m., the President 
would still be in the meeting with Mr. Haldeman. Was there any 
discussion at that time of your replacement of Mitchell as campaign 

Mr. MacGregor. Jinie 22? The first discussion I had with the 
President about my becoming the director of the campaign was — 
with only two of us present — in his office on June 30, 1972. 

Senator Weicker. In other words, to try to make tlie questioning 
brief; I have the following instances which seemed certainly to 
place Mr. Haldeman — he had no legislative responsibilities. At that 
time you were the legislative liaison certainly. Wliy would you meet 
with Mr. Haldeman ? 

Mr. ]MacGregor. To check with him about the best time to schedule 
a meeting with the President and, let us say, the chairman and rank- 
ing Republican of a key Senate committee; Avhether it be Senator 
Long and Senator Bennett, dealing with the finance or tax matters 
or their counterparts on other committees. I was in touch with Bob 
Haldeman every day about developments that affected the President's 
schedule so as to recommend to the President that he meet with cer- 
tain Senators or Congressmen or a mixture of both, or that he call 
somebody on the telephone. I tried to coordinate my recommendations 
to the President regarding congressional relations, with the other 
demands upon his schedule, and Bob Haldeman knew about those other 

Senator Weicker. So, in other words, neither at that meeting, nor 
the 26th meeting with Ehrlichman, nor with Colson on the 28th — • 
and you again met with Mr. Haldeman on tlie 29th — when you met 
with Mr. Haldeman, Mr. Colson — at none of those meetings was it 
discussed as to your taking over from John Mitchell? 

Mr. MacGregor. No. 

Senator Weicker. Was the matter discussed as to the viability of 
Mr. Mitchell as the director of the campaign regardless of who his 
successor might be ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, when the news broke about what I believe 
was referred to by the media as Mrs. John Mitcheirs ultimatum to 
her husband to get out of politics or thei-e will be a seA^erance of the 
nuirriage, there was some discussion of that. I do not know how long. 
I do not remember just when the news was carried about the so-called 
Martha Mitchell ultimatum. It occurs to me. Senator Weicker, it was 
somewhere in the last 10 days of June. 

Senator Weicker. All right. We move to June 29, you are in town, 
the President is in town and obviously you are at his call 24 hours 
a day. Why would the President call you at 11 :30 in the evening of 
the 29th to meet with him in the late afternoon of the 30th? Why 
could that not have waited until the morning of the 30th and say: 
"We ar-e going to meet later in the afternoon" ? 

Mr. MacGregor. It is my recollection that the President and I 
talked for some 20 minutes on that night and, as you recall, he called 


me when my wife and I were enronte home. The call, the hour that 
you cite, is a little later than my recollection but it is only a ininor 
inatter. But the President and I discussed a number of things in that 
telephone call, includiuir some serious pi'oblems, legislative problems 
we had that were coming to resolution the next day. 

You know. Senator Weicker, every year with the termination of the 
fiscal year on June 30 there is a problem of a continuing resolution and 
would it contain a Vietnaui end-the-war ])rovision or what else would 
it contain ? We had that problem and we had a number of other legisla- 
tive problems. The President and I talked about those at some length. 
But it was mv experience in dealing with the President that primarily 
we talked about the things that were of concern to him and he brought 
up this legislative discussion. "We had it — it was a fairly lengthy dis- 
cussion — and at the conclusion of that discussion he said : "After all of 
the legislative problems are out of the way tomorrow. Clark, I hope 
you will have time to visit with uie on another matter," or "a personal 
matter." I have forgotten how he put it. I did not think it was going to 
be what it turned out to be. 

Senator Weicker. On the 30th you met with the President. Could 
you give the committee the nature of that conversation and its length ? 

]Mr. ]MacGregor. Yes. My recollection is that he and I talked pri- 
vately for somewhere between 30 and 45 minutes and that he called in 
Mr. Haldeman to take some notes on some of the things that we talked 
about. The President and Mv. Haldeman and I continued perhaps for 
10, 15, 20 minutes more. The President opened, as I have indicated in 
previous testimony here, telling me of John MitchelFs decision and the 
reasons for it and asked me to take over. He and I discussed the fact 
that I had never managed a campaign but he said : "You have been a 
candidate yourself six times, five times for the House of Representa- 
tives and one time for the Senate, and you have seen campaigns man- 
aged and mismanaged." I indicated to him, yes, I thought from a 
candidate's standpoint I knew something about how campaigns should 
be run. But I then — we discussed his standing. I think a Gallup or Har- 
ris poll or perhaps both had just been issued showing him at 54 per- 
cent and I expressed the view that he really didn't need a campaign ; 
we talked about the problem of getting people who feel favorably 
about you registered and to the polls to vote. He asked me if I was will- 
ing to take the job if I concentrated on volunteer oro-anization in the 
precincts to get out the vote. He then talked, as I have indicated earlier, 
about his hopes and dreams of accomplishments in the second term, a 
term which would include America's celebration of its 2(X)th birthday. 
We talked at some length about China, about Russia, about Southeast 
Asia, about the economy; we talked about his domestic legislative 
initiatives that had not yet been defined by the Congress, how he 
hoped I would speak about them in the campaign if I would take the 
campaign job. 

Further, Senator Weicker, we talked about the political situation 
in given States. I told him I had little or no knowledge of the situ- 
ation in California. He talked a little bit about California and his own 
experiences there, some of them not successful, some successful. He 
talked about the situation in other States. We talked about the situa- 
tion in Minnesota. With the exception of the 1052 and 1956 campaigns, 
when he had been a Vice Presidential candidate, he had not car- 


ried Minnesota. He lost Minnesota in 1960 and a^ain in 1968. "VVe 
talked a little bit about the situation in Minnesota, Wisconsin, and 
Iowa and in the upper Midwest generally where he knew I had 
familiarity. We talked about other things. He talked about Fred 
Malek, he said : "You want to read Fred Malek's management analy- 
sis of the campaign structure?" He said: "I haven't read it but Mr. 
Haldeman has talked to me about it. You ought to get a copy from 
Mr. ITaldeman." I did. He said : "I had the impression that the cam- 
paign is tophea\y in Washington and thins out in the precincts, and 
that there is a projection that is perhaps too rich." The President and 
I talked about most headquarters having bare tables, old chairs, and 
no rugs on the floor and he said : "I am not giving the right impression 
by the luxurious surroundings that I miderstand exist at 1701 Penn- 
sylvania Avenue." I am sure we talked of other things. Senator, but 
if you want me to direct my attention to your individual items I will. 

Senator Weicker. There was nothing specific in mind. How long 
did this conversation last ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I didn't make any notes of it. My recollection is 
he and I talked privately for up to 45 minutes but perhaps that was 
a little longer than we talked. Then he called Mr. Haldeman in and 
Mr, Haldeman and I continued the discussion for perhaps 15 or 20 
minutes. It could have been less than 5. 

Senator Weicker. From that day, throughout the campaign, did 
you have occasion to keep the President apprised as to the progress 
of the campaign ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Yes, from time to time, and it didn't happen very 
frequently because, as I say. the margin between President Nixon and 
Senator McGovern was growing steadily. It appeared to be settling in 
and solidifying. Things were going well so that there was no partic- 
ular need for us to communicate with one another. 

I got a chance to visit with him before the Republican National 
Convention so as to learn his convention plans and to learn something 
about when he would arrive, what he would do, and when he would 
address the convention. We met periodically in September and Oc- 
tober to discuss the status of the campaign, and his own personal plans 
for campaigning. 

Senator Weicker. So would you consider the President to have been 
removed from the campaign or aware of what was going on ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I think he was keenly aware of Avhat was going 
on but he didn't, to my knowledge — I think I would have known it — 
participate in any of the decisions that were made except insofar as 
he and I discussed it. He did have ideas that he imparted to me on 
June 30, some suggestions. I followed those suggestions. They appeared 
to work well, so I didn't have an occasion where he was critical of what 
I was doing or made new suggestions to me. 

Senator Weicker. All right, moving forward very rapidly. ^Vhy 
would Mr. Ehrlichman have taped the conversation between you and 
himself? You have seen that tape, I believe, or a transcript of that 
tape. You have had a chance to look at it. 

Mr, MacGregor. I heard about it, and the answer to your question 
is, "I do not know." I have never taped a phone conversation Avith 
anyone and it just is foreign to my nature. Senator Weicker. I can't 
really look into the head of another man and presume to guess his 


motives, particularly when he is adopting a course of conduct different 
from what I would do. 

Senator Weicker. On August 14, 1972, you met with Mr. ^Mitchell, 
Haldeman. and the President. Do you recall the subject matter dis- 
cussed at that meeting ? 

Mr. MacGregor. It appears to me that it had to do with the Presi- 
dent's plans regarding the convention. It may well have been that 
there were other things discussed about some Presidential appear- 
ances following the convention. There was a suggestion that I had a 
hand in scrubbing; that the President, after the convention, fly to 
San Diego because there was feared to be some political trouble in San 
Diego Ix^cause the convention had been taken away and moved to 
Miami Beach. The President was to go in sort of a torchlight parade 
from San Diego to San Clemente following his nomination at the 
Republican convention, and I felt that was a very poor idea for a host 
of reasons. "We may have discussed that. 

The President didn't do the torchlight parade. But that is the sort 
of thing that occasionally we did discuss at these meetings. My recol- 
lection is that meeting had to do with the status of the campaign, 
plans for the convention and particularly the President's role in the 
convention, and some postconvention activities that had been recom- 

Senator Weicker. Earlier today in testimony before the commit- 
tee, you indicated as to your October 18 statement — the followup to 
Ziegier's statement on the Segretti matter — October 16 — that Mr. 
Ehrlichman had requested that you issue a statement. 

Mr. MacGregor, Yes ; he did very strongly. I didn't mean to suggest 
that I don't accept the responsibility for it ; I do. 

Senator Weicker. I didn't mean you did — he and others. Who were 
the others ? 

Mr. MacGregor. I can't recall. The press officer came up during the 
day, whether it was Al Abrams or Devan Shumway or both, and said, 
"The ^^Hiite House isn't happy with your decision not to hold the 
press conference.'' I don't remember just who those people were. 

Senator Weicker. Did you attend any of the briefings as between 
"\^niite House personnel and the press officers in which the Segretti mat- 
ter was discussed in detail or _■. 

Mr. MacGregor. No. 

Senator Weicker [continuing] . How to frame a response, at any of 
those meetings ? 

Mr. ]\IacGregor. No. I haven't much time to watch television and 
the televised hearings of this committee, but Mr. Moore is a personal 
friend of mine and I had the opportunity to watch Mr. Moore's testi-' 
mony and I was interested in hearing that for the first time, hearing 
about those meetings that you just referred to with Mr. Moore. 

Senator Weicker. So those were again conducted without your 
knowledge ? 

]Mr. MacGregor. That is correct. 

Senator Weicker. Clark, would you say that as you look over the 
events of the campaign of 1972 and what was going on either in the 
finance area or the press area or the dirty tricks area or what have 
you, would you characterize it — and I don't mean to be demeaning 
to you, as an individual, because quite frankly you have got the class 


to be a campaifni director, there is no question about that — ^but would 
you oliaracterize your role in relation to what everybody else was 
doino^ around you, as that of a fi^ureliead ? 

Mr. MacGregor. Oh, no. During the course of my life, I have been 
called a number of different things, but none of them would come 
under the category of figurehead. 

Senator Wkicker. I would not either, except for all these events 
ti-anspiring without your knowdedge. 

Mr. MacGregor. Well, that is something else again. 

If you are going about your job of being a U.S. Senator, and some 
people on your staff, without your knowledge, are doing something 
of which you would disapprove, you are too busy with legislation and 
with the interests of the people of Connecticut to be constantly moni- 
toring and cross-examining the people on your staff as to whether 
they are following your general directives and in the way you want 
yoiii- office operated, whether it be here in Washington or at one or 
more offices you may maintain in the State of Connecticut. Of course, 
eventually those things tend to come to light, and by that I mean 
if somebody on your staff is doing something that is wrong. 

But let me give you an example of the figurehead business. The one 
thing that John Ehrlichman was very anxious to do was to take one 
or more, and I think he mentioned uj) to four, of his Domestic Coun- 
cil })er-sonnel and interpose those people over Fred Malek's field super- 
visors, "so as to report independently of the campaign and directly 
to the Wiite House and John Ehrlichman — and, of course, to you, 
Clark — about the status of the campaign in key States such as Michi- 
gan, Illinois, Ohio, and California." I said, "What is the reason for 
it, John?" And he said: "Well, Malek's field people are giving you 
and Malek what they think you would like to hear, but the campaign 
i-eally is in bad trouble in many of these States. The President is going 
to lose them if we don't get an independent reporting and evaluation 
system going." 

Well, Fred Malek opposed this because he said he felt he had good 
people and he thought we could rely on them. The public polls con- 
ducted in those States by newspaper and television and radio sta- 
tions showed we were doing very well indeed, but at the convention 
at John Ehrlichman's insistence, we discussed this at length. By we^ — 
John Ehrlichman, Fred Malek, and myself, Mrs. MacGregor, and 
Weisner were there, and John argued forcefully for the Ehrlichman 
plan, and Fred Malek said he strongly opposed it, and I said, "No." 

Less than 10 days later I was being importuned to drop the cam- 
paign and come to San Clemente to give John Ehrlichman a rehear- 
ing on his plan, and I resisted that. I said we considered that there 
is no need to give him a rehearing on his plan. Mr. Haldeman asked, 
"As a courtesy, would you come up and give him a rehearing?" So 
I had to go from Washington to San Clemente on August 29, along 
with Fred Malek, and sit down with Fred Malek, Haldeman, and 
Ehrlichman, where Ehrlichman was given an opportunity to reargue 
the Ehrlichman plan to put people of the Domestic Council over peo- 
ple in key States, and I said, "No, John, you have not presented new 
ai-guments. This is not necessary and Fred Malek is opposed to it and 
I support Fred Malek," and Haldeman said, "You haA'e had two 
hearings, John, so you had better drop it and Clark is against it." 


So we dropped it. So my conduct would indicate to you I was not 
a figrireliead. 

Senator "Weicker. "Well, my concern is based on the record which is 
in the press area where — I grather over your objections and certainly 
with your reservations — you were issuino; statements (jiven to you 
on a record which establishes the fact that John Mitchell, even 
thou<rh he departed on the -30th, was meeting with the personnel in 
the Committee To Re-Elect the President, and his logs, which I have 
here, are absolute repetitions of his schedules prior to his departure ; 
they don't vary at all. 

Mr. ]MacGregor. The subject matter of discussion, however, may 
have changed materially ; correct? 

Senator Weicker. In what way ? 

Mr. ]\IacGregor. Well, some events took place on June 17 that in- 
truded themselves into the picture. Let me assure you that John 
Mitchell was not running the campaign from and after July 3. 

Senator Weicker. So, the matters which he was discussing witli 
LaKue, Mardian, Colson. and others — I have just cited a July 6 
meeting as a typical one. Colson, Mardian, LaRue; Magruder. Halde- 
man, LaRue; ]\Lardian, LaRue; Dean, Magi-uder, LaRue; Mardian, 
LaRue — did not relate to the campaign ? 

]\[r. ^MacGreoor. Xo ; that has never been brought to my attention. 

Senator Weicker. I have no further questions, Mr. Chairman. 

SenatoT* Ervin. Thank you very much. You are excused now, and 
thank you very much. 

Mr. MacGregor. Senator Ervin, thank you and membere of the 
committee very much. 

Senator Ervin. The committee will stand in recess until Tuesday 
at 10 o'clock. 

["WHiereupon, at 12 :55 p.m., the committee recessed, to reconvene 
at 10 a.m., Tuesday, November 6, 1973.] 


U.S. Senate, 
Select Committee on 
Presidential Campaign Activities, 

Washington, D.C. 

The Select Committee met, pursuant to recess, at 10 :30 a.m., in room 
818, Russell Senate Office Building, Senator Sam J. Ervin, Jr. (chair- 
man), presiding. 

Present: Senators Ervin, Talmadge, Inouye, Montoya, Baker, and 

Also present : Samuel Dash, chief counsel and staff director ; Fred D. 
Thompson, minority counsel : Rufus L. Edmisten, deputy chief coun- 
sel: David ]M. Dorsen and Terry F. Lenzner, assistant chief counsels; 
James C. ^loore and Barry Schochet, assistant majority counsels; 
Howard S. Liel)engood and Robert Silverstein, assistant minority 
counsels: Jed Johnson, investigator: Pauline O. Dement, research 
assistant : Filer Ravnholt, office of Senator Inouye ; Bruce Jaques, Jr., 
office of Senator ^Nlontoya : Ron McMahan, assistant to Senator Baker; 
Michael Flanigan, assistant publications clerk. 

Senator Ervin. The committee will come to order. 

Counsel will call the first witness. 

!Mr. Dastt. ]\Ir. Truman Campbell. 

Senator Ervin. Mr. Campbell, will you hold up your right hand? 
Do you swear that the e\'idence that you shall give to the Senate 
Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities shall be the 
truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God? 

Mr. Campbell. I do. 

Mr. Dasti. Will you take the chair on the right? 

Mr. Chairman, although I want to emphasize for the record that 
all witnesses called by this committee are committee witnesses and 
there are no majority witnesses or minoi'ity witnesses. Mr. Campbell 
has been interviewd extensively by Mr. Thompson and his staff, and 
I, therefore, would like to waive my opening questioning and ask 
Mr. Thompson to initiate the questioning of Mr. Campbell. 

Senator Ervin. ^Nfr. Thompson. 

]Mr. Ttio:mpson. Thank you. Mr. Chairman. 

Mr. Campbell, what is your present residence? 


Mr. Ca:mpbell. Resident of California. 
Mr. Thompson. And your profession? 
Mr. Campbell. I am an attorney at law. 



Mr. Thompson. Are you a native of Fresno, Calif. ? 

Mr. Campbell. I am. 

Mr. Thompson. How long have you been practicing law ? 

]\Ir. Campbell. Since January of 1952. 

Mr. Thompson. And your educational background? 

Mr. CA:vrPBELL. T was educated in the public school system in 
Fresno, Calif., University of California at Berkeley, and the Hasting's 
College of Law, which is the law department of the TTniversity of 

Mr. Thompson. And what is your political background, please ? 

Mr. Campbell. I am a Republican. I have been a member of the 
Republican Central Committ-ee of Fresno County for approximately 
20 years and have served in almost every capacity and currently am 
chairman of that committee. I served on the State of California Repub- 
lican Central Committee and in the finance committee for small dona- 
tions statewide. 

Mr. Thompson. You are county chairman? How long have you 
been county chainnan ? 

Mr. Campbell. I am in my second term. 

Mr. Thompson. Were you county chairman during the past year 
of the Presidential campaign ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is right. 

Mr. Thompson. AVere you present at a rally on October 30, 1972, 
by the Committee To Re-Elect the President and, if so, what type 
of rally was this? 

Mr. Campbell. This was a rally that was staged by the Re-Elect the 
President Committee within the State. It was sponsored by the ladies 
within the party, and had a name "People to People." It consisted 
of a bus which traveled the State starting north and going from north 
to south. On the bus were many women of national prestige of the 
Republican Party. The object was to conduct and stage rallies. The 
rallies were to be staged and conducted in the cities and towns of Cali- 
fornia from Sacramento to the south. 

Mr. Tho^nipson. "\Aniat were your plans on October 30 with regard 
to this campaign caravan or bus? 

Mr. Campbell. Well, let me say this: I was not the reelect the 
President chairman for our countv. I was the county chairman. Our 
chairman for the Re-Elect the President Committee was unable to 
. attend or appear at the rally and I was asked to pinch-hit and be master 
of ceremonies for the affair. It was to be held in the parking lot of 
one of our shopping centers, Fig Garden Village Shopping Center in 
Fresno, and tlu^ foi-mat, as it was explained to me, was that the bus 
would arrive and the ladies who were on the bus — I know of three who 
were supposed to be on the bus, including Mrs. Banuelos. the Treas- 
urer of the United States at the time — and there were entertainers 
f I'om Hollywood who were to entertain and our local candidates were 
to speak and have an opportunity to present their campaign platforms 
and programs. 

Mr. Thompson. So what occurred as the bus arrived. Mr. Campbell ? 

Mr. Campbell. Well, before tlie bus arrived, people gathered, there 
were numerous signs and banners, ))articularly among the Spanish 
American people proclaiming their dislike for President Nixon, pro- 
claiming their affinity for the candidate, George McGovern, demon- 


stratinir their opposition to proposition 22, Avhich was a farm labor 
initiative on the California balh>t last Xovember, indicating: that they 
did not like Mrs. Bannelos. and <renerally the crowd was milling 
around. When the bus arrived, in a very oro-anized manner these people 
proceeded to become unruly and loud to the point where we were pre- 
vented from condnctino- our rally. I miirht say that we had micro- 
phones, we had speakers, we had a dais, and we were unable to be 
heard or even continue with the rally at all, and many of the people 
who were on the bus 

Mr. Thompsox. yVl\y were you unable to be heard ? 

]Mr. Campbeli.. Because of the noise, the close proximity, the jos- 
tling:, pushinjz and shovin*!. many of our people, who had come to hear 
the speakers, left both in fear of safety and because the rally was abso- 
lutely frustrated. Several of our ladies were, in fact, injured. 

Mr. TnoMPSox. You mentioned in your statement here various in- 
dividuals — Mrs. Flora Wise, for example. 

Mr. CA^rPBF.Li.. Yes, Mrs. Wise at the present time happens to be 
president of one of the women's federation organizations in Fresno, 
and she was struck to the extent that she required medical attention. 

Mr. Thompsox. ]Mrs. Eldora Cooney. 

Mr. CA^rPRELL. Yes, she, similarly, was injured in the jostling that 
occurred. I might add that there were many others who received simi- 
lar treatment. A lady who was standing immediately to my left, as I 
was on the ])odium, was jabbed with the handle of one of the placards 
or signs that was being carried. 

Mr. Thompsox. You mentioned a Mrs. Betty Blackburn. 

Mr. Campbell. Yes, I think that in my prior statement I indicated 
that she had her wijr torn, from her head and thrown under a car. 

Mr. Thompson. You mentioned verbal and phvsical abuse. Would 
you be a little more specific: were epithets being shouted? 

Mr. Campbell. There were epithets being shouted, slogans, the ex- 
act terminology escapes me at the present time. There were instances 
of provocation and, in my opinion as distinguished from fact, it was 
apparent that provocation for more violent activity was in progress. 
None of the tamits or jeers or physical abuse was returned in kind, and 
a confrontation was avoided. The people who were on the bus, as a 
matter of fact, very few of them even got off and, as I indicated in my 
statement. I don't believe that ]\Irs. Banuelos Avas on the bus at that 
time for that reason. In any event, when it became apparent that the 
rally was fiMistrated and could not l^e conducted because of the noise 
and intimidation that was being carried on, the people who were on 
the bus boarded the bus an.d the bus left. 

Mr. Thompsox. You mentioned several names here. Was there any 
indication of i-eticence on anvone's part in giving you their name in 
describing what happened to them as individuals that day ? 

Mr. CA:NrPBELL. Yes, several. When T was contacted by your office 
with regard to this matter, I sought to refresh my memoiy as to those 
present, and the events that occurred, and many who were similarly 
treated refused to give me their names or give me any details and 
feared for retaliation so that they did not want to be disclosed. 

Mr. Thompson. Was there one predominant group as far as the dem- 
onstrators were concerned? 


Mr. Campbell. Oh, yes. The people who were there were the United 
Farm Workers people; they identified themselves with a red banner 
and a block logo, thiinderbird or eagle or something of that kind. 

Mr. Thompson. Were you able to identify any people you saw there 
that day as people whom you had seen before? 

Mr. Campbell. I identified — I will choose a better word — I think 
that I recognized some from prior demonstrations and prior rallies 
that I have attended or had attended at times in other areas in the 
State and Fresno. 

Mr. Thompson. Could you give us an example of a prior demon- 
stration where you had obsei'ved certain of these individuals? 

Mr. Campbell. We had our office — and when I say "we" I mean the 
Republican Central Committee — in a 10-story office building in Fresno, 
the Helm Building and this building is located on our mall which is 
a 4-to-6-block central mall down the middle of Fresno, and on one prior 
occasion the entrance to the whole building was blocked and a dem- 
onstration was held in front of the building, although we occupied 
only two small offices within a 10-story building. 

Mr. Thompson. Were people prevented from coming in and going 

Mr. Campbell. Yes. When I say "prevented,-' no ; }>eople could get in 
or get out, but it was made difficult and unpleasant. There was a rally, 
actually it was a dinner affair in Visalis that I attended and the same 
people were chanting and milling about the entrance at that occasion. 
Many people who would have attended turned away instead of seeking 
admittance thi-ough the milling group that was chanting and taunting 
at the entry to that affair. 

Mr. Thompson. Was this also a United Farm Workers demonstra- 
tion ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is true. 

Mr. Thompson. Did you come across any information which would 
indicate the candidate support of that particular organization during 
the campaign? 

Mr. Campbell. After the Fig Garden Village Shopping Center rally 
that I described, whereat I was master of ceremonies, I received a 
communication from, I believe it was Jack Easton and Lynn Nofziger, 
who were helping the Committee To Re-Elect the President and they 
advised me that they had certain evidence that would support such 
a statement, to wit, that the United Farm Workers were being sup- 
ported by the McGovern campaign. They furnished me with certified 
copies of General Accounting Office records and, to the best of my 
memory — I seem to have misplaced those particular affidavits — but 
to the best of my memory that was approximately $52,000. The money 
went to an organization called El Pueblo Con McGovern and from 
that organization to the ITnited Farm Workers as a unit and to sev- 
eral of the activist membere of that organization. 

Mr. Thompson. Were these based upon official GAO reports ? 

Mr. Campbeix.. Yes. 

As I recall these were the reports filed for July or August of 1972. 
Again, I am working from memory. 

Mr. Thompson. From whom did the money flow, according to these 
reports, or your information ? 


Mr. Campbell. As I recall, the affidavits showed that the money 
was contributed or transferred to the oro^anization called El Pueblo 
Con McGovern and from that organization to the Ignited Farm AVork- 
ers Union, and to named individuals who were members, as I indi- 
cated, of the activist irroups supporting: that union. One of whom, I 
believe, was a Richard Chavez, a relative of Cesar Chavez. Another 
one was Dolores Huerta, who has been active and identified as a 
United Farm "Workers supporter. 

Mr. TiioMPSox. You say that you saw the official GAO summaries 
or reports at that time, but you do not have them at the present time, 
is that correct ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is correct. 

Mr. TiioMPSox. You mentioned a Ms. Dolores Huerta. As this was 
related to us last ni^jht, we at the staff level went over the Ms. Huerta 
interview. She has been interviewed by the majority and minority 
staff, I think copies are being disseminated of certain documents here, 
which indicate that as to date, accordinof to a GAO filing:, according- to 
what Ms. Huerta's statement is and information she has given us, at 
that time, $62,500 was received by El Pueblo Con McGovern by the 
McGovern campaign, and $11,200 from the National Democratic 

Now, Mr. Campbell, you are not saying, as I take it, that this par- 
ticular demonstration or any particular demonstration that you are 
aware of, as far as your own knowledge is concerned, was financed 
directly by the McGovern campaign or the Democratic National Com- 
mittee ? Is that correct ? 

Mr. Campbell. No ; I have no way of saying that and I do not in- 
tend that. As a matter of fact, I do not intend anything. The affidavits 
I saw simply showed that considerable financial support was given to 
the United Farm Workers by the McGovern Campaign. 

Mr. Thompson. Mr. Campbell, on another subject, you mentioned a 
minute ago the fact that you were not head of the Committee To Re- 
Elect there locally. Was there a distinction? We have heard some 
testimony about a distinction between the Committee to Re-Elect, for 
example, and the National Republican Committee on the national level. 
Was there a distinction there on the local level between the activities 
and organization of the Committee to Re-Elect the President on the 
one hand and the local Republican Party on the other hand? 

Mr. Campbell. Oh, absolutely. The two organizations were separate. 
The leaders of the Re-Elect the President Committee were outside of 
the party. 

Mr. Thompsox. By outside of the party, what do you mean ? Were 
they local people primarily or people who came in from 

Mr. Campbell. The chairman was local, but the people who were 
moving the campaign along were outsiders and they were, in effect, 
superimposed upon our local party structure and were an ad hoc com- 
mittee. We supported their efforts, of course, and furnished much of 
the leg work to make the campaign successful in Fresno County. As a 
matter of fact, we substituted our judgment for theirs toward the end 
of the campaign, when it apeared that the interests of the party and 
the interests of the Re-Elect the President Committee were at some 


Mr. Thompson. Well, could yon ^o into that in a little bit more 
detail as to what the difference of opinion was over ? 

Mr. Campbell. Well, one of the ^larin**; differences was that the 
Re-Elect the President Committee had instructed that all persons who 
could be identified. Democrat or Republican, who would support the 
President should be turned out at the polls; in other words, we would 
identify a voter regardless of party affiliation who had indicated a 
pi-eference for the President. We determined — when I say we, the 
official party in our county — determined that this was not to the ad- 
vantajje of the Republican Party. Let me give you a little bit of 

We have two assembly districts — we have still two assembly districts 
after the reapportionment thing in California. But at that time, we 
had the 32d, which was approximately a 28-percent Republican dis- 
trict, and the 33d, which was somewhere around 30 percent. We had 
two incumbent Republican assemblymen in those two districts and we 
thought that it was to their distinct disadvantage for us to encourage 
people who were of the opposite party, who agreed to vote for the 
President, to come to the polls, because the history would be that al- 
though they supported the President for one reason or another, or were 
voting negatively with regard to George McGovern, nevertheless, they 
would vote the Democratic Party ticket otherwise. So this was one of 
the big differences that we had with the Re-Elect the President Com- 
mittee, aside from the normal day-to-day differences that we had by 
reason of their being an ad hoc and separate organization. 

Mr. Thompson. Would you say, then, that they manifested an in- 
terest on behalf of one candidate, and that was the President, and 
advocated his interests regardless of the consequences of a political 
nature to the local Republican candidates or any other Republican 
candidates in the area ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is true. 

Mr. Thompson. And that was the basis of the one difficulty that you 
had there with the Committee To Re-Elect the President people? 

Mr. Campbell. That is true. Statewide, my counterparts in other 
areas indicated similar displeasure. Some of the counties followed the 
directives of the Committee To Re-Elect the President to the letter 
and were sorry for it afterwards. I believe we lost 11 or 12 assembly 
seats statewide. 

Mr. Thompson. Had you ever been involved in other Presidential 
campaigns or had any familiarity with the running of the local opera- 
tion of the Presidential campaigns? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes. I have been active in Republican campaigns 
since 1052. 

Mr. Thompson. Excuse me, go ahead. 

Mr. Campbell. That is all right. I have been active in each of the 
Presidential campaigns since that time. 

Mr. Thompson. How did this particular campaign compare with 
other Presidential campaigns with regard to the extent or nati;re of 
direction from on high, so to speak, either from the national campaign 
headquarters or from State headquarters ? 

Mr. Campbell. Well, we have always had the direction from either 
the State or the national committee, but it has always, in the past, been 


a party affair and not the affair of an ad hoc committee that was super- 
imposed or even superior to the party- 
Mr. Thompsox. Thank you, Mr. CampbelL 

I have no further questions, Mr. Chairman. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Campbell, was this incident involving the violence, 
the demonstration that disrupted the rally, was this reported to the 
police ? 

Mv. Campbell. Oh, yes. As a matter of fact, the police were present 
at the time, whether by advance notice of a problem or as a matter of 
routine. There were several representatives of the sheriff's office in 

Mr. Dash. "Were any arrests made at the time ? 

Mr. Campbell. I do not believe that any arrests were made. The 
rally did not ever materialize. It was something that was attempted 
and frustrated. 

Mr. Dash. It was obvious from your testimony that some crimes 
were committed here. Not only was there not a demonstration, as you 
have testified to, but various persons were assaulted. That is true, is 
it not ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is true, but the assaults were very sub rosa. 
It was a very close crowd and the assaults were mainly of the type 
that would provoke retaliation, so that pei'haps something more serious 
could have developed. 

Mr. Dash. In other words, you are saying sub rosa ; in such a way 
that police or sheriff's pereonnel would not be able to see these assaults ? 

]Mr. Campbell. That is right. It was a very tight cix)wd. The people 
from the sheriff's office were on the i:)erimeters and these incidents 
occurred in very close proximity. 

Mr. Dash. Therefore, none of the persons who were participating in 
this demonstration were interrogated by any police officials or sheriff's 
personnel ? 

Mr. Campbell. Not that I know of. 

Mr. Dash. You say you recognized some of these people as having 
participated in other demonstrations, but what is the basis upon which 
you identified these demonstrators as being members of the United 
Farm "Workers ? 

Mr. Campbell. Their banners, their slogans, or their identification. 

Mr. Dash. You had no statement by any of them that they were 
members of the United Farm "Workers, did you ? 

Mr. Campbell. Well, when you say statement, you mean after they 
liad frustrated 

Mr. Dash. Do you know as a matter of fact — did you recognize any 
one of the demonstratore as being United Farm Workers? 

Mr. Campbell. As a matter of fact, no. 

Mr. Dash. Xow, this committee, Mr. Campbell, has received testi- 
mony from Mr. Haldeman and from Mr. Segretti, and from other 
memorandums, that it was a part of the sti-ategy, when various rallies 
involving the reelection of President Nixon were to be held, demon- 
strators were to be brought to the scene and they would masquerade as 
various i:)a7-ties. Now. is it possible, therefore, based on your testimony, 
that party persons who were not members of the Ignited Farm Workers, 
wearing United Farm Worker arm bands and carrying slogans and 


posters, could have done this and not been members of the United Farm 

Mr. Campbell. Well, anythinc; is possible, but this is quite an im- 
probability. At times prior to the campaign for the reelection of the 
President," the same people, people that I recognized without identify- 
ing by name, demonstrated, marched, and participated in United 
Farm Workers affairs without regard to any political campaign that 
was going on. 

The TTnited Farm Worker thing has been going on in the valleys of 
California for 2 or 3 years. 

Mr. Dash. I know, but you say — what were the other demonstra- 
tions? You say United Farm Worker affairs. What kinds of affairs? 

Mr. Campbell. Marches in the street, rallies in our courthouse park, 
demonstrations in the fields, and other incidents of this kind. 

Mr. Dash. With regard to the campaign itself ? 

Mr. Campbell. No; unrelated to the campaign and prior to the 

Mr. Dash. I think you were shown an exhibit with regard to con- 
tributions made by the INIcGovern campaign to the TTnited Farm 
Workers. Is it not your testimony that you have no knowledge that 
any of this money that was contributed to the United Farm Workers 
by McG-overn — and the money was either given to them for this pur- 
pose — for disruptive demonstrations or anything like that ; is that 

Mr. Campbell. I can't say that any particular dollar was earmarked 
to disrupt any rally or to participate in the Presidential campaign. 

Mr. Dash. Do you know why the money was given to the TTnited 
Farm Workers? 

Mr. Campbell. I haven't the slightest idea. It was a general support 
thing. After the fact, there was a statement made by the Democrat lead- 
ership in the valley that the money was used for registration purposes. 

Mr. Dash. Voter registration, is that right ? 

Mr. Campbell. Voter registration purposes. It is hard to identify 
dollar for dollar that it was used in that way, either. 

Mr. Dash. Again, though, you have no basis to disprove that, do 

Mr. Campbell. I have no more basis to disprove that than I have to 
disprove that dollar for dollar, the money was used to disrupt Repub- 
lican rallies. 

Mr. Dash. But you have no evidence to present to this committee 
that it was used to disrupt Republican rallies? 

Mr. Campbell. Nor that it wasn't. 

Mr. Dash. I guess it is hard to prove the negative, isn't it? 

Mr. Campbell. That is right. 

Mr. Dash. I have no more questions, Mr. Cliairman. 

Senator Baker [presiding]. In the absence of the chairman, I will 
proceed with the sequence 

Mr. Dash. May I ask one more question ? 

Senator Baker. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Dash. I wasn't going to ask you. but we have been asking wit- 
nesses like yourself on this acti\ity, what kind of legislation would 
you recommend to the committee to prevent this kind of activity from 
taking place in campaigns ? 


Mr. Campbell. Well, it is difficult to leg^islate morality. I think we 
are not in an area where legislation would be particularly beneficial. 
We have many laws on the books presently which could sohe the prob- 
lem, I can think of no specific legislation that would be beneficial 
except closer supervision, which would involve enforcement of the 
legislation which we presently have, 

Mr. Dash, As a matter of fact, what happened here, although you 
say sub rosa, were assaults and there are laws on the books, I am 
sure, in California that would take care of what happened here, 

Mr. Campbell. That is right, and you cannot legislate against vio- 
lations of present laws. You can't effectively legislate against dirty 
tricks in campaigns. We all abhor that kind of activity and we hope 
that the lessons that are being learned here in this committee and its 
activities will make an awareness that perhaps will solve the problem, 

Mr. Dash. I have no further questions, INIr. Chairman. 

Senator Baker. Thank you, Mr, Dash. 

In the absence of the chainnan, I will continue in the sequence that 
would have been the case otherwise. 

Mr. Campbell, I would call your attention to the first paragraph 
of Senate Resolution GO, which reads as follows : 

To establish a Select Committee of the Senate to conduct an investigation and 
study of the extent, if any, to which illegal, impi-oper, or unethical activities were 
engaged in by any persons, acting individually or in combination with others, 
in the presidential" election of 1972, or any campaign, canvass, or other activities 
related to it. 

I have listened to your testimony and I have carefully read the 
witness summary supplied by staff. It is my understanding of the 
testimony that on the occasion in question, during the campaign of 
1962, a person to person bus, so-called, with a number of Republican 
ladies campaigning on behalf of the President, was approached by 
an unruly crowd and certain physical violence was done to those 

Could you estimate for me the number of people involved in that 
disruptive effort? 

Mr. Campbell. In excess of 100. 

Senator Baker. Could you tell me who they were in terms of their 
affinity or relationship to the Republican or Democratic organizations 
in that campaign ? 

Mr. Campbell. I can say that they were carrying — when I say 
"they," not everyone, but they were variously carrying United Fami 
Workers banners and flags. 

Senator Baker. If I can interrupt you, Mr. Campbell, I understood 
that from your testimony, but the point I am reaching for is this: 
I gather from your testimony, elicited by Mr. Thompson and Mr. 
Dash, you ha^e no knowledge whether they were employed by or en- 
couraged by any political organization. The substance of your informa- 
tion is that tliey were there and they were in fact disrupting a legiti- 
mate campaign activity. Is that correct ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is a fact. 

Senator Baker. That is why I read the first paragraph of Senate 
Resolution 60 to you. I think it is important, as you point out, to 
understand that you cannot legislate that someone will not violate 
the law. But a purpose and function of this committee is to identify 
those abberations in political conduct, those undesirable aspects of 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 5 


political conduct that have no place in the scheme of politics in 
America, regardless of who did it, Republicans or Democrats. "What 
I want to establish is that you are testifying that 100 or so people did 
in fact disrupt and pliysically abuse a number of women who were 
campaigning for Republican candidates. 

Is that the burden of your testimony ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is correct. 

Senator Baio:r. As I understand your interview, Mrs. Wise had her 
hair pulled and was struck by a fist in her back for which she received 
medical attention ; Mrs. Cooney was stinick on the top of her head with 
a sign ; Mrs. Carter was pushed and shoved ; and Mrs. Blackburn had 
her wig pulled off and thrown under a car. 

Is that right? 

Mr. Campbell. That is right. 

Senator Baker. Did that have a deterrent effect on the political 
enthusiasm of these ladies ? 

Mr. Campbell. It certainly did. 

Senator Baker. What haj^pened? What did they do? Did they go 
ahead and make their speech and shake hands with this crowd, did 
they get back in the bus, did they disperse ? What did happen ? 

Mr. Campbell. As I indicated, I was the master of ceremonies for 
the event. With microphones, amplifiers, and speaker, we could not 
be heard above the chanting of the group and the carrying on. 

Senator Baker. Was it a chanting in unison ? 

Mr. Campbell. Sometimes chanting and sometime 

Senator Baker. "What I am driving at, was it an organized dis- 
ruption ? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes, it was an organized disruption, in my opinion. 

Senator Baker. Did it effectively prevent you and others from speak- 
ing on behalf of the President on that occasion ? 

Mr. Campbell. Very effectively. 

Senator Baker. Did it constitute a disruption of the campaign ? 

Mr. Campbell. Absolutely. 

Senator Baker. Did it, in fact, prevent you from exercising your 
right of free speech and the ladies there on political matters? 

Mr. Campbell. Absolutely. 

Senator Baker. The missing ingredient is you do not laiow who or- 
ganized them or who was responsible, if anj^one, for their activity? 

Mr. Campbell. That is correct. 

Senator Baker. But you do know it was an effective device? 

Mr. Campbell. Very effective. 

Senator Baker. Was it a frightening sort of thing? 

Mr. Campbell. Frightening for many of the people that were there. 
Many of them did not get off the bus, as a matter of fact, and many of 
our people left to avoid what could have been a very bad problem. 

Senator Baker. I am not asking you to testify to matters that you 
do not have knowledge of, but I am asking you as it bears on your state 
of mind, do you know of other situations in California or elsewhere of 
supporters having been shouted down or physically abused so it had a 
disruptive effect on the campaign efforts of either Republicans or 

Mr. Campbell. As a matter of hearsay, yes. 


Senator Baker. Is it part of the common knowledge of the political 
community in California that sort of thing did occur in 1972 ? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes. 

Senator Baker. What I am driving for here is, Mr. Campbell, 
whether or not that pattern of conduct and activity — that is the jeer- 
ing, the chanting, the shouting down, the physical abuse of a busload 
of ladies — has that, in fact, had a discernible impact on the political 
conduct of your organization or your compatriots in California ? Has 
it had a deterrent effect or do you know, has it had a deterrent effect on 
the willingness of people, of women to be involved in politics? 

Mr. Campbell. That is yet to be seen. You see, this rally occurred 
about 5 or 6 days before the election and there were no more after 

Senator Baker. Do you think you can get these same ladies back 
again on that bus ? 

Mr. Campbell. I would doubt it very much. 

Senator Baker. Do you characterize that as an undesirable or un- 
ethical bit of campaigning in the United States ? 

Mr. Campbell. Of course. 

Senator Baker. And regardless of who did it — Republicans, Demo- 
crats or mugwumps — regardless of who did it, it still had a disrup- 
tive, unwholesome effect on the process of elections in the United 
States, is that correct ? 

Mr. Campbell. It certainly did. 

Senator Baker. Is it your view or judgment as a politician this sort 
of thing has been in the ascendency or has been more frequent in re- 
cent elections than previous elections ? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes, I think that is true. 

Senator Baker. Would you consider it an appropriate inquiry of 
this committee to decide, not only how we can legislate against such 
disruption, but how we can identify such disruptions and provide a 
deterrent force to their occurring in future elections by anyone, or- 
ganized or disorganized ? 

Mr. Campbell. I think that is a very legitimate subject of inquiry. 

Senator Baker. Would you agree with me that one of the most fun- 
damental transgressions against free speech is a crowd that jeers or 
cliants or engages in physical violence to the extent that it prevents a 
candidate or his supporters from stating their point of view ? Is that 
a basic abridgment of a constitutionally guaranteed right? 

Mr. Campbell. Of course. 

Senator Baker. Do you have any suggestions about how we can deter 
that in the future ? 

Mr. Campbell. As a matter of fact, I do not. I think that we have 
laws within the several States that could be utilized to prevent such 
things. But there again you have free speech on both sides and it is 
difficult to legislate morality. 

Senator Baker. Just as it is perfectly legal and constitutionally pro- 
tected to gather in a public place, even in huge numbers, and to demon- 
strate your demands or dissents in demonstration, just as it is appro- 
priate and constitutional to do that, so is it not also appropriate and 
constitutional for anyone to express singly his demand or dissent from 
the stump in a campaign without fear that the police, an unruly mob. 


your opposition, or anyone else will stop you from making; your viewt 
known ? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes. 

Senator Baker. Would you ao:ree with me that politics will be the 
loser if we cannot find a way to permit freedom of speech in that 
respect ? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes. 

Senator Baker. Mr. Campbell. T want to make sure that we are 
entirely fair in what we are tryin<T to say, so T reiterate my interpreta- 
tion of your testimony. You are aware of a serious disruption of a legi- 
timate campaifrn effort in the Presidential campaio;:n of 1972 in Califor- 
nia in which there was shoutinof and jeei'ino; and physical abuse to la- 
dies involved in the camj^aifrn. You are not aware who oro;anized it but 
you are aware that is was effectiA'e and it did, in fact, stop that cam- 
paign effort and prevent the expression of points of view, and that 
you believe that there are indirect indications vis-a-vis the signs, the 
identification, the financing, that would point to other organizations 
but you claim to no firsthand knowledge in that respect and finally, 
that you conclude that that sort of conduct is destructive to political 
process and ought to be stopped either by legislation or by the deterrent 
effect of identification ? 

Mr. Campbell. That is a fair summary. 

Senator Baker. Thank you very much. 

Senator Ervin. Senator Tnouye. 

Senator Inottte. Thank you very much. 

Mr. Campbell, I just have one question, sir. As one who has been 
involved rather deeply in political campaigning, I would like to get 
your opinion as to who benefited from the demonstration of October 
'SO. Do you believe that President Nixon benefited or Senator 
McGovern benefited ? 

Mr. Campbell. Well, it is difficult to say. Frankly, T think that the 
President was going to be reelected generally, and in my county 
specifically, regardless of what happened at the Fig Garden Village 
rally. We elected the President by a good majority of the county, so 
what happened at the rally was not going to be determinative of the 
result. Whether it helped or hurt the party as a backlash to this kind 
of thing, I think this is maybe what you are getting at, and certainly, 
there was that. Nevertheless, for wliatever good the people-to-people 
rally was designed to accomplish campaignwise, it did not. It was 
completely frustrated and did not come off. 

Now, the side effect, regardless of the reelect the President cam- 
paign, was that the local candidates were prevented from speaking. 
Now, in Fresno, we had, at the time, two Republican assemblymen but 
we also had a Democrat Congressman and a Democrat State senator 
who were running at the same time, and these people, particularly the 
congressional candidate who was present, were prevented fiom speak- 
ing and making their views known, and to what effect their campaign 
was damaged by this event no one can say. In truth and in fact, they 
were prevented from giving their message to the assembled crowd. 

Senator Inou^'e. Thank you very much. 

Thank you, INIr. Chairman. 

Senator Ervtn. Senator Montoya. 

Senator Montoya. Thank you, IVIr. Chairman. 


Mr. Campbell, about all you have testified to, as I see it, is that a 
oroup of people, supposedlj^ most of them farmworkers, appeared at 
this rally and that by inference the McGovern organization contrib- 
uted to a Pueblo Con ^McGovern which was another orcranization and 
that some women were hurt or attacked in some way. Now, I want to 
make this tiling- clear. You are not tryin<j to say that the Mexican peo- 
ple there were bein^ subsidized by any political organization to disrupt 
the Republican Party of the campaiirn. are you ? 

;Mr. CA>rrBEix. Xo. T think that what I am sayinfj is that, and you 
overlooked one link in the chain, money from the McGovern campaign 
national into El Pueblo Con McGovern and then to the United Farm 
"Workers ITnion and to named individuals within that union, and I am 
sayinof that there was support to the orp:anization. I cannot say that 
all of these people belono-ed to the oroanization, I cannot even say 
that they were farmworkers because many of the people who demon- 
strated and who have appeared in the demonstrations are not neces- 
sarily farmworkers. They are union oro-anizers. 

Senator Montoya. You speak of violence and is it not true that 
Cesar Chavez and his organization virtually have always advocated 
peaceful means to gain their goals or to reach their goals? Isn't that 
his philosophy ? 

'Mr. Campbell. I think that everybody advocates that. He is probably 
no exception. 

Senator ^VIoxtoya. I am asking you about Cesar Chavez. 

Mr. CA^rPBELL. I don't know specifically what he advocates. 

Senator Montoya. You live in that particular area. Don't you know 
what he particularly advocates ? 

Mr. CA]>rPBELL. Yes, I know a lot of the things that he advocates. 

Senator ]\Iontoya. Well, the whole coimtry knows that. 

^fr. CA:\rPBELL. I don't think I have ever seen him specifically advo- 
cate what you have mentioned. 

Senator IMontoya. Have you ever seen an organized workers strike, 
a picket line, engaging in violence under his auspices ? 

Mr. Campbell. Have I seen it ? No. 

Senator Montoya. Yes. 

IMr. Campbell. Have I heard about it ? Yes. 

Senator Montoya. Yes. 

Now. as a matter of fact, there were other demonstrations earlier 
and tied in with the campaign against Mrs. Banuelos by some Mexican 
militant and also against Henry Ramirez who is director of the per- 
manent committee, cabinet level committee, for the Spanish speaking 
in the San Francisco area. Are you aware of those incidents? 

'Sir. Campbell. Not specifically; no. Any more than you are from 
reading the newspapers. 

Senator INIontoya. Are you aware of other incidents on the part of 
Mexican militants against this particular group ? 

Mr. Campbell. No, I am not. 

Senator ^NIontoya. Now. proposition 22 was a very important issue 
in that particular campaign ; was it not ? 

Mr. Campbeij:.. It was. 

Senator Montoya. And it was desiomed to curb the powers of the 
farmworkers in the farm areas of California ; was it not ? 

Mr. Campbell. I didn't view it that way. 


Senator Montoya. Well, how do you view it? 

Mr. Campbell. I viewed it as striking some balance in the farm labor 
movement and accordintj farm laborers the same rights as other work- 
ers ha\'e in other industries. 

Senator Montoya. And could this demonstration have been 
sponsored by the farmowners to try to create svmpathy foi- proposi- 
tion 22? 

Mr. Campbell, It could have been sponsored by even this committee 
but I have no idea any more than you do. 

Senator Montoya. It could have had the sponsorship of a different 
political structure in that campaign other than the McGovern com- 
mittee or even the Nixon committee or even CREP ; could it not have? 

Mr. Campbell. Certainly it could have. 

Senator Montoya. All right. Now, so I take it that you draw no 
inferences that the McGovern committee or the Democratic National 
Committee or the local Democratic committee had anything to do with 
this particular thing mei'ely from the fact that $52,000 wei-e con- 
tributed to the Pueblo Con McGovern Committee thei-e, or from the 
fact that these farmworkers, with bands around their arms identify- 
ing themselves as such, had participated in the demonstration. 

INIr. Campbell. '\^'lien you say, "I have drawn no inferences," I don't 
think that is exactly correct. I think I draw the inference that cir- 
cumstantial evidence would establish it but I can't say that any 
particulai" dollar was used for any particular purpose, only that there 
was general support. 

Senator Montoya. How many people had identification linking 
them to the United Farm or-ganization of Cesar Chavez ? 

Mr. Campbell. At that particular demonstration ? 

Senator Montoya. Yes. 

Mr. Campbell. I would say over half of those that were there were 
either carrying the red banner or had the armband. 

Senator Montoya. You mentioned a few minutes ago that you had 
lieard of violent demonstrations by Chavez. Could you name the 

Mr. Campbell. Well these are subsequent to the campaign but we had 
several confrontations in the fields this past harvest season. 

Senator Montoya. Were they violent ? 

Mr. Campbeix. There were reports of violence, yes. 

Senator Montoya. Do you know of any contributions tliat were made 
by the Committee To Re-Elect the President to Mexican organizations 
in California? 

Mr. Campbell. No, I do not. 

Senator Montoya. Have you heard of any ? 

Mr. Campbell. No, I have not. We made none in Fi-esno County so 
that is the only area that I have direct laiowledge of. 

Senator Montoya. Do you Imow of any contributions made by the 
Republican National Committee to anv Mexican oro-.iuizations in the 
State of California? 

Mr. Campbell. No, I don't. 

Senator Montoya. To any Mexican political organization ? 

Mr. Campbell. No, I don't. 

Senator Montoya. Did you, through your Republican committee, 
make any contributions to ]\Iexican organizations? 


Mr. Campbell. Well, let me put it this way : We have within our 
Republican Party in Fresno County a Spanish-speakino- Eepublican 
ofroup, and they have freueral support from the party, and my sec- 
retary in the central conunittee, for example, is a Spanish American 
and she is very active in Mexican-American activities, jiolitical and 

Senator Moxtoya. Well, did you make any contributions to any 
Mexican organizations from your committee? 

Mr. Campbell. I can't say that any direct contributions were made 
but it is possible that we diet support financially these Republican sub- 
divisions of the party that would be identified with the Mexican-Amer- 
ican communit}^. 

Senator Montoya. And you don't know whether any recipients of 
these contributions took part in this particular demonstration about 
which you speak ? 

^h'. Campbell. Well, let me say this about that: That to the extent 
that we have Mexican-Americans on our central committee and as 
members of our ladies organizations and other organizations they 
were present and assisted and participated in not only this Republican 
rally and affair but Republican politics generally. But there has been 
no contribution of dollars other than as you would attend an affair that 
was sponsored by any of these organizations. 

Senator Montoya. My time is up. 

Thank. Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Ervix. Don't you think the fact that the first amendment 
gives Americans the right of freedom of speech, it cont^'mplates that 
other Americans will permit them to exercise that right without 
engaging in disturbances to prevent them from so doing? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervix. Don't you think that when people resort to any 
tactics to deny any American the right to be heard that they are demon- 
strating their lack of underetanding of the American system of gov- 
ernment and particularly what the firet amendment was designed to 

Mr. Campbell. That is correct. I may disagree with what you say 
but I would defend to the death your right to say it. 

Senator ER^^x. Yes. In other words, the first amendment contem- 
plates, at least impliedly, what Voltaire said, "I disagree w^ith every- 
thing you say but I will defend to the death your right to say it." 

Mr. Campbell. That is right, Senator. 

Senator Ervix. And people engaged in a practice which is totally 
incompatible with the American system of government when they, by 
resorting to any kind of conduct which prevents another American 
from saying his piece, whatever that piece may be, as long as he is not 
inciting people to riot. 

Mr. Campbell. That is right. 

Senator Ervix'. Thank you very much. 

Mr. Thompson. 

Mr. Thompsox. I am not sure that I got one point explicitly, Mr. 
Campbell. You mentioned the event in Fresno where people who ap- 
peared to be nonworkers, engaged in this demonstration and you 
mentioned another instance at your Fresno headquarters, I believe, 
where United Farm Workers were picketing the Committee To Re- 


Elect or Republican headquarters, were there any other instances of 
that, a demonstration or picket directly ao^ainst the Committee To Re- 
Elect the President headquarters or tlie Republican headquarters? 

Mr. Campbp:ll. Not in Fresno County. I did mention one event that 
T attended in Visalia whicli is south of Fresno and in Tulare County, 
where the same type of activity was carried on, only not to tlie same 
extent, and not to the same effect. That particular event, however, 
was held within a buildinof and althouo;h the shoutino; was beincr car- 
ried on outside of the building, nevertheless the speakers could be 
heard and the event was not frustrated and terminated. 

Mr. Thompson. "Were signs or annbands displayed on that 
occasion ? 

Mr. Campbelt^. That is true. 

Mr. Thompson. "WHiat kind of signs? 

Mr. Campbell. The red armbands with the logo of the eagle or 
thunderbird and the placards of the same variety. 

Mr. Thompson. Any political candidate signs or identification ? 

Mr. Campbell. Yes, the same type that I mentioned at the begin- 
ning that were present at the Fig Village rally. 

Mr. Thompson. Pro-McGovern ? 

Mr. Campbell. Pro-McGovern, anti-Nixon, antiproposition 22. At 
that time I don't recall any Banuelos materials at all. 

Mr. Thompson. Thank you, Mr. Campbell. I have nothing further. 

Senator Ervin. Mr. Dash. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Campbell, did you or any of the sponsors of this 

Mr. Campbell. I was not a sponsoi". I was a pinchhitter master of 

Mr. Dash. You were at least a participant or proposed participant 
because that really never took place? Did any person who had any- 
thing to do with the rally ever raise this very disru]:>tive activity with 
officers or responsible peoi:)le of the TTnited Farm Workers? Did you 
make a complaint to the United Fann Workei's of what was done here 
by people that you recognized as United Farm Workei- demonstrators 
acting in a very violent way ? 

Mr. Campbell. Did we make the complaint to the union ? 

Mr. Dash. Yes, the union. 

Mr. Campbell. No, we did not. 

Mr. Dash. Did you send a letter protesting what took place ? 

Mr. Campbell. No, we did not. I did not. Mavbe the Re-Elect the 
President Committee did and I have no knowledge of that. 

Mr. Dash. You do not know whether any protest was made at all ? 

Mr. Campbell. No. there were protests in the media, but there was 
no protest made either formally by me or by the Republican Central 
Committee in Fresno. 

Mr. Dash. Do you feel that some should have been ? 

Mr. Campbell. I think it would have done no good. 

Mr. Dash. TVhy? 

Mr. Campbell. Well. T just have that opinion. 

Mr. Dash. Did you feel that they would have justified this sort 
of attacks on persons coming to a rally ? 

Mr. Campbell. I think they would have denied them. 

Mr. Dash. But you did not feel it was worth putting on record ? 


Mr. Campbell. T think it AA-as made a matter of record as far as 
the community Avas concerned, for whatever fjood that did. 

Mr, Dash. How was it made a matter of record as far as the com- 
munity was concerned ? 

Mr. Campbell. By tlie publicity that was gfiA'en to the fact of the 
disruption of the rally in both the newspapers and the radio and 

Mr. Dash. Apparently, not sufficient a matter for a complaint. 
There was no investi^ration by the police or no inquiry of a matter 
wliich really involved crimes. 

Mr. Ca:mpbell. I have no idea whether there was an investig^atioii 
made bv the police. 

]\fr. Dash. Do you have it from ]:)eople comings to testify before this 
committee as to inquiry on that at all ? 

Mr. Campbell. Xo, I do not. I doubt that there were any accusa- 
tions filed or pi'osecutions because the time element would have made 
such a matter history by this time. 

Mr. Dash. You mean the inquiry now or at the time? 

Mr. Campbell. I beo; your pardon. 

^Ir. Dash. I do not understand. What would have made it history? 

Mr. Campbell. The fact of a trial resulting^ from an accusation 
that occurred a year ao;o would be history. 

Mr. Dash. I am not askin<r the question concerning an inquiry 
now. I mean as of that time. It strikes me as somewhat strange where 
there is somethino- that I think everybody at this table would find 
hierhly objectionable in terms of the activity you described, that this 
did not reach an official complaint with the authorities and there was 
no authority action or inquiry, even at the community level. 

]\Ir. Campbell. Is that a question ? 

Mr. Dash. It is a question. It is a question as well as a statement, 
I take it. But I take it your answei- is that as far as you know, there 
was no inquiry made or official action taken. 

Mr. Campbell. That is correct. 

Mr. Dash. I have no further questions. 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, I have a question. 

Are you pretty familiar with politics? 

]\Ir. Campbell. On a local level, yes. 

Senator Baker. Well, so am I. I am a lawyer and a politician both, 
T gruess, or at least I used to be a lawyer before I came to the Senate. 

I remember, in mv own campaign in 1972 and in 1966, hecklers, 
si<rns. I remember the convention of 1972 at Miami Beach, my car 
beino; rocked back and forth and the windshield wipers turn off. I 
i-emember faces painted white with all sorts of hurled epithets and 
threats. I remember si<rns for my opponent being: lifted in my political 
gatherings and efforts to shout me down as I spoke. But I do not 
remember a single case of ever having complained to my opponent. 
I wonder if. as a practicing politician, you might verif>^ my impres- 
sion. That is. Avhen there is something of that sort, it is not the rule 
that you complai?! to the opposition but. rather, it would be the 
exception if you complained to your opposition. Is that correct? 

Mr. Ca:mpbell. Oh, yes. I can conceive of very few circumstances 
except for gaining some political mileajre that any objection would be 
made publicly or accusation made officially. 


Senator Baker. I just want to make the record clear that in the 
ordinary, everyday, usual rangje of politics, there is not a great deal 
of communication between you and your opponent or the two orga- 
nizations. It is not the norm to complain if something occurs that is 
disruptive of your campaign. It is the exception, rather. 

Mr. Campbell. That is right. As a matter of fact, politically speak- 
ing, I do not think you would want to make it a matter of knowledge 
that it bothered you. 

Senator Baker. I have no further questions. 

Senator Ervin. Any further questions? If none, the counsel will 
call the next witness. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Michael Heller. 

Senator Ervin. Would you raise your right hand, please? 

Do you solemnly swear that the evidence you shall give to the 
Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities shall 
be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help 
you God? 

Mr. Heller. I do affirm. 

Senator Ervin. You affirm. You prefer affirm rather than swearing? 

Suppose you stand up again. Do I understand you to say you 
affirm ? 

Mr. Heller. That is right. 

Senator Ervin. Do you affirm that the evidence which you shall 
give to the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activi- 
ties shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth? 

Mr. Heller. I do. 

Mr. Dash. Again, I will open up the questions and I think maybe 
Mr. Thompson — who, by the way, again through the work of this 
staff, developed a substantial part of this testimony — will follow. 

Mr. Heller, what is your present occupation ? 


Mr. Heller. I am a student. 

Mr. Dash. Where are you a student ? 

Mr. Heller. I am a student at Mount Hood Community College 
in Gresham, Oreg. , . 

Mr. Dash. How old are you ? 

Mr. Heller. Nineteen years old. 

Mr. Dash. Wliere is your home address ? 

Mr. Heller. 1025 Northwest Wallula Avenue, Gresham, Oreg. 

Mr. Dash. When did you first became involved in the 1972 
Presidential campaign ? 

Mr. Heller. I first became involved in the primary in the State 
of California in the month of May. 

Mr. Dash. At that time, were you working for the reelection of 
President Nixon ? 

Mr, Heller, No, I was not. 

Mr. Dash. Would you explain what your role was, how you were 
participating in the campaign ? 

Mr, Heller. I was asked by the National Jewish Youth for Hum- 
phrey, the chairman, to be the Oregon State chairman for Jewish 
Youth for Humphrey. Senator Humphrey did not come to Oregon; 
therefore, I did not work for him in Oregon. I was asked to come to 


California and help coordinate some of the organizational matters in 
basically just dealing with volunteers. That was my function in the 

Mr. Dash. Did there come a time when you began to work for the 
reelection of President Nixon ? 

Mr. Heller. Pardon ? 

Mr. Dash. Did there come a time when you came to work for the 
reelection of President Nixon ? 

Mr. Heller. I began to work for Richard Nixon on August 13. 

Mr. Dash. "WTiat were the circumstances of your undertaking that 
campaign role? 

Mr. Heller. During the Democratic Convention — was it Tuesday ? 
I do not recall the date when I found out that Senator Humphrey had 
declined from the race. Later on that evening, I phoned up our na- 
tional chairman, who was at the convention, and I told him that it 
would be impossible for me to not only not support George McGovern, 
but going by my conscience, I could do nothing else but support 
Richard Nixon actively. 

Mr. Dash. Did you identify with any particular group in your 
campaign activities in support of the reelection of President Nixonf 

Mr. Heller. Well, the Thursday after that Tuesday, 18 of tl^ 
Jewish Youth for Humphrey chairmen around the country, all thb 
chairman, on Thursday presented to the press their statements, all 
of them supporting Richard Nixon. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Heller, I am going to show you a leaflet which has 
a bold heading, "Nixon Is Treyf," and later on has some other refer- 
ences to Mr. Nixon, which I will ask you to read. 

By the way, before I show you this, for the purpose of the record 
and the committee, would you describe the Yiddish word "treyf" and 
what it means ? 

Mr. Heller. The word "treyf," the best that I can describe it, first of 
all, means not kosher. I do not read Yiddish. People who do speak 
Yiddish tell me that the word "treyf" is, so to speak, a much more 
hard-core word to the people. You see, the people in the community 
with which I was dealing and which the word "treyf" was aimed at, 
are people that do not read English. All they understand is Yiddish. 
In Yiddish, things can be said that cannot be said in English. So the 
best way that I can explain the word "treyf" is to say that it means 
not kosher food, and I would say that it is a slimy tactic. That would 
describe the word. 

Mr. Dash. But tlie Yiddish word itself means not kosher food. It 
could mean, for instance — shrimp or lobster is not kosher food; it 
could also be called treyf, right ? 

Mr. Heller. Right. 

Mr. Dash. "Would you look at this pamphlet, please ? 

In other words, you say the people that lived in the area, I take it 
the pamphlet was addressed to Yiddish voters in the area. 

Mr. Heller. The "Nixon Is Treyf" piece? 

Mr. Dash. Yes. 

Mr. Heller. Tlie "Nixon Is Treyf" piece was not just addressed to 
voters in the area. This piece was to demonstrate against our support 
of Nixon in the war. This was to get people to demonstrate. So I 
would not say it is just voters. 


Mr. Dash. Not just voters, but I take it the use of the lanofuagb 
"Nixon Is Treyf ' and some of the other laufjuao^e 

Mr. Heller. "Nixon brings the ovens to tlie people, ratlier than the 
peo|)le to the ovens.'' 

Mr. Dasit. Yes, that would l)e directino; itself toward the Jewish 
residents of the area, would it not ? 

Mr. Heller. It certainly would. A lot of those people are from the 
old country, and personally, I do not think that there was any other 
piece of literature put out in this cani|)aio-n that I know of that could 
have gotten any dirtier than that. The resj)onse I received from the 
people — I was literally appalled. I just do lot know what to say about 
that statement. 

Ml'. Dash. Which statement ? 

Mr. Heller. "Nixon brings the ovens to the people rather than the 
people to the ovens." 

Mr. Dash. That is the bottom of the statement. Would you read 
the full statement? 

Mr. Heller. Both paragraphs? 

Mr. Dash. Yes, sii'. 

Mr. Heller [reading] : 

Albert Spiegel, president of the .Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los 
Angeles, is also chairman of the California Committee to Re-elect the President. 
Spiegel, a mnlti-millionaire himself, turns his hack to the mass slaughter in In- 
dochina as well as rampant unemployment and poverty at home. Where is the 
social conscience of our people? Where is our memory? Does it also carry a price 
tag? Nixon's support of .Tews and Israel is conditioned by his lust for reelection. 
Xixon does not represent our interest ! Albert Spiegel does not represent us ! 

Demonstrate and remember. 

Why of course the people don't want war. Why should some poor slob on a 
farm want to risk liis life in a war when the best he can get out of it is to come 
back to his farm in one piece? Naturally, the common people don't want war : 
neither in Russia nor in England, nor in America, nor in Germany. That is 
understood. But after all. it is the leaders of the country who determine policy, 
and it is always a simple matter to drag people along, whether it is a democracy, 
or fascist dictatorship, or a parliament or communi'^t dictatorsbii). Voice or no 
voice, the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. That is 
easy. All you have to do is tell them that they are lieing attacked, and denounce 
the Pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works 
the same in any country. 

Mr. Dash. That last paragraph you just r-ead is attributed to Her- 
mann Goering at the Nuremberg trial in this pamphlet, is that true? 
Mr. Heller. That is true. 

Mr. Dash. Would you finish the reading of that? 
Mr. Heller [continues reading] : 

Senior Air Force Officials also indicated that if Mr. Nixon is reelected without 
a negotiated settlement having been reached, the air war against North Vietnam 
would intensify. — LA Times. 

Thanks to Modern Technology. Nixon P.rings The Ovens To The People Rather 
Than The People To The Ovens. Sponsored by the .Tewisli Campaign to End the 
Indochina Holocaust. 

Mr. Dash. Do you know, is that nn authentic oi'ganization, the Jew- 
ish Campaign to End the Indochina Holocaust? Do you know of it? 

Mr. Hp:ller. To my knowledge, I have never heard of it before this 

Mr. Dash. Without in any way indicating the language of that last 
statement, Nixon bi'ings the ovens to the people ratlier than the people 


to tlie ovens, was such a group to end the Indochina holocaust, would 
a fair interpretation at least be that it meant — perhaps bad judgment — 
to have meant the bombing-s or the use of napalm to be referred to by 
that statement? In other woi-ds, the purport of the statement? 

Mr. Heller. I don't know what the purport of the statement is. 

Mr. Dash. All right. Wheiv did you first see this leaflet? 

Mr. Heixer. I fii-st saw it in my office. Somebody had brought it 
into my office and showed it to me. 

Mr. Dash. What did you do about it then I Who brought it into 
your office? 

Mr. Heller. A volunteer worker. 

Mr. Dash. xV volunteer worker for whom ? 

]Mr. Heller. A volunteer worker who was working in my office. 

]SIr. Dash. For the 

Mr. Heller. For the Democrats for Nixon. 

Mr. Dash. All right. What did you do when you received the leaflet? 

Mr. Heller. Allien I received the leaflet, I didn't know what to 
think and I sent someone down, a volunteer — a volunteer had gone 
down to see if this was being handed out by the McGovern volunteers, 
and it was. 

Mr. Dash. ^^Hien you say "it was," what did you see? 

INIr. Heller. Pardon me? 

]Mr. Dash. When you say. "and it was," that is a conclusion. ^AHiat 
did you see ? 

j\Ir. Heller. In other words, the volunteer came back to me and 
said that this piece of literature was being handed out in several places 
on the street, up and down the street between our office and the McGov- 
ern office. 

Mr. Dash. And you said b}^ JMcGovern workers ? 

Mr. Heller. By people who my volunteer thought to be McGovern 

Mr. Dash. What did you do when you received that information ? 

Mr. Heller. I had telephoned the person who was in charge of the 
press department for the Committee to Ee-Elect. I told him about the 
piece of literature and I read him word for word everything on the 
literature. He asked me if the McGovern people were handing it out. 
I told him that a volunteer had told me that they were. 

He told me to double check on it myself, which I did. I walked 
down the street. I saw people who I believed to be McGovern volunteer 
workers; I also saw this inside their headquarters. I did not go inside 
their headquarters, I saw it through the window. 

It has on the bottom, the Jewish Campaign to End the Indochina 
Holocaust and no ]\IcGovern identification. That was the end of 

Mr. Dash. You say you saw it through the window ? 

Mr. Heller. I saw stacks of it and I saw people inside the head- 
quarters carrying it out and I could see what they were carrying 

Mr. Dash. You saw this leaflet being carried out ? 

Mr. Heller. "Nixon is Treyf" in great quantity, probably more 
quantity than 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Chairman. I would like to have the leaflet marked 
in evidence as an exhibit of the committee and introduced in evidence. 


Senator Em^N. Without objection, the exhibit will be received in 
evidence as such and appropriately marked. 

[Tlie docnmont i-efcT-red to was niai-kod exhibit Xo. 247.*] 

Mr. Dask. I want to show yon about three other exhibits, Mr. Heller. 

Now, will you look at what appears to be a leaflet with the heading; 
"Who Is Our Candidate For President— November 7, 1972, Elec- 
tions?" It appears at the end to be sponsored by a ^roup called "Jews 
For McGovern-Shriver." Do you see that? 

Mr. Heller. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Dash. Now, the address, 7910 Beverly Boulevard, Los Angeles, 
Calif. Do you know what exists at that addi-ess? 

Mr. Heller. At that address was a McGovern headquarters. 

Afr. Dastt. I understand you have supplied this leaflet to the com- 
mittee. Is that true? 

Mr. Heller. This leaflet ? Yes. 

Mr. Dash. How did that come into your possession ? 

Mr. Heller. This piece of literature was given to me by Harvey 

Mr. Dash. Who? 

Mr. Heller. Harvey Taimenbaum. 

Mr. Dash. And who is he ? 

Mr. Heller. Harvey Tannenbaum was my associate in the cam- 
pai<m. We ran the office together. 

Mr. Dash. Now, is it your understandino; that this leaflet also was 
distributed in the area, the same area where the prior leaflet was 

Mr. Heller. This piece of literature, "Nixon is Treyf" — was handed 
all over the city. This piece was concentrated in the area of the Fair- 
fax Avenue area, because on one side, it is Yiddish and on the other 
side it is English. The people in that area, a great majority of them. 
I think, only speak and read Yiddish. 

Mr. Dash. Now, without reading the full leaflet — I think you have 
read this leaflet — could you characterize what the message of the 
leaflet is? 

Mr. Heller. Well, I would say from the leaflet that the Jews for 
McGovern campaign is trying to tie President Nixon's policies in 
with the holocaust, the murdering of the 6 million Jews. 

Mr. Dash. In fact, there is a reference down toward the bottom 
portion of the leaflet which reads, 

Nixon's antihnsing program was designed only to gain the vote of tlie racists. 
He thus strengthened the racists in a program for discrimination, and anti- 
Semiticism. Jews are aware of STich activity in the genocide of the 6 million 
.Tewg who died in the crematory of Nazi Germany. 

Is that the reference you make ? 
Mr. Heller. Yes. 

Mr. Dash. Also, there is the reference toward the end right after 

•Jewish traditions are based on peace, equal rights, and justice for all. and 
help for the poor. The Los Angeles TJoard of Rabbis enthusiastically support Mc- 
Govern. The Rabbis want a change in Washington. 

Now, did you have occasion to learn whether or not that statement 
was a truthful statement? 

♦See p. 5022. 


Mr. Heller. Yes; there is a statement, a letter from the Southern 
California Board of Rabbis which 

Mr. Dash. I think you have that with you. 

Mr. Heller. That is right. 

Mr. Dash. Now, this letter, for the record, is addressed to Mr. Albert 
A. Spiegel. 

Who IS Mr. Spiegel? 

]Mr. Heller. Mr. Spiegel was involved with the Committee To Re- 

Mr. Dash. Was he a Democrat for Nixon or was he one of the 
Committee To Re-Elect the President? 

Mr. Heller. He was a member of the Committee To Re-Elect the 

Mr. Dash. Who was Harry Essrig, who was writing the letter? 

Mr. Heller. He is the executive vice president of the Board of 

Mr. Dash. I take it the letter was probably an original inquiry, 
perhaps, of Mr. Spiegel, asking whether or not the board of Rabbis 
had gone on record. Would you read the letter from Mr. Essrig, the 
executive vice president of the Board of Rabbis of Southern Cali- 
fornia ? 

Mr. Heller [reading] : 

" In response to our phone conversation of just a few minutes ago, may I state 
categorically that the board of Rabbis of southern California has at no time 
taken any action concerning any of the candidates in the Presidential or other 
campaigns. The board of Rabbis has never participated in political matters 
in the past and certainly we have in no way identifietl ourselves with any candi- 
date this year. 

I am surely chagrined that false statements are being made in this regard and I 
hope that you will put at ease any concern that might be expressed regarding 
the false rumors that are spread about the Board of Rabbis. 

Mr. Dash. And that letter is dated October 13, 1972 ? 

Mr. Heller. That is right. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Chairman, I w^ould like to have the leaflet which 
is entitled, "Who is our Candidate for President" and also, the letter 
from the executive vice president of the Board of Rabbis of Southern 
California identified for the record and introduced in evidence. 

Senator Ervin. They have been identified by the witness, I think. 

Mr. Dash. Yes ; they have been identified. 

Senator Ervin. Since they have been identified by the witness, 
without objection, they will be received in evidence as exhibits and 
appropriately marked as such. 

[The documents referred to were marked exhibits Nos. 248 and 

Mr. Dash. Do you also have in front of you certain newspaper 
columns from Mr. Anderson ? 

Mr. Heller. Yes ; I have them in front of me. 

Mr. Dash. Are you familiar with these columns that Mr. Anderson 
wrote for the Wasliington Post, one on Monday, October 25, 1971, 
one September 24, 1971, and one on November 10, 1971 ? 

Mr. Heller. I only have the two. 

Mr. Dash. Which do you have ? 

•See pp. 5023-5025. 


Mr. Heller. I have "GOP Advised Editor Edited Pro-Nazi Paper'" 
and "Wliite House Lauds Anti- Jewish Head." 

Mr. Dash. I will show you the third. What is the heading on that 
coluinn ? 

Mr. Heller. "Nixon Appears a Little Soft on Nazis." 

Mr. Dash. Did you provide copies of these columns to the 
committee ? 

Mr. Heller. Yes, I did. 

Mr. Dash. How did they come into your possession ? 

Mr. Heller. I think I had these pieces from the campaign. 

Mr. Dash. Were these columns distributed in any way by the same 
hcadquartei's that you have identified? 

Mr. Het^ler. Yes. 

Mr. Dash. This is the McGovern headquarters ? 

Mr. Heller. This is the McGovern headquarters on Beverjy and 

Mr. Dash. Was this to your knowledge information that you 
received ? 

Mr. Heller. I saw them handing it out. 

Mr. Dash. You saw who handing it out ? 

Mr. Heller. I saw a person by the name of Zeb Arososky and I saw 
people who I believed to be volunteer workers from the lieadquarters, 
or at least people who w-cre in and out of the headquarters handing 
out literature on the streets and at rallies in support of George 

Mr. Dash. And basically, again, without going into the content of 
the column, they indicate columns which w'ould put President Nixon 
in an anti- Jewish posture, is that true? 

Mr. Heller. That is true, yes. 

Mr. Dash. If you want to read any part of it, you may. 

Mr. Heller. I don't think it is worth reading. 

Mr. Dash. All right. They will go into the record. 

In fact, Mr. Chairman, I would like the three columns — the Octo- 
ber 25, 1971, September 24, 1971, and the one I have just given you, 
my copy — what date is that ? 

Mr. Heller. November 10. 

Mr. Dash. I would like those columns of Mr. Jack Anderson to be 
identified and introduced in evidence. 

Senator Ervtn. Without objection, the documents will be received 
in evidence and appropriately numbered as such as exhibits. 

[The documents referred to were marked exliibits Nos. 250, 251, 
and 252*.] 

Mr. Dash. At this time, Mr. Chairman, I have no further questions. 

Senator Erven. Mr. Thompson. 

Mr. Thompson. Thank y-m, Mr. Chairman. 

Let me back up just a moment, Mr. Heller. As I understand, this was 
your first foray into politics, is that right, the 1972 campaign ? 

Mr. Heller. It was my first involvement in a political campaign. 

Mr. Thompson. And you are a Democrat, is that correct ? 

Mr. Heller. I am a registered Democrat. 

"See pp. 5026-5029. 


Mr. Thompson. And of course with the organization of National 
Jewish Youth for Iluniphrey as a statewide coordinator, is that 
correct ? 

Mr. Heller. I was tlie statewide coordinator, yes. 

Mr. Thompson. AVere you a volunteer and organized tlieir 

Mr. Hei.ler. That was primarily my function to organize the vol- 
unteers and just to get out the literature, this was in the primary. 

Mr. Thompson. And after the pi'imary I believe you were asked to 
work in the soutliei'n California Democrats for Nixon campaign? 

Mr, Heller. That is correct. 

Mr, THo:vrpsoN. And you were cochaimian of the Los Angeles Demo- 
crats for Nixon ? 

Mr. Heller. Yes. 

Mr. Thompson. Where were your headquarters? 

]\Ir. Heller. Our main headquarters was on Fairfax Avenue. 

Mr, Thompson. Is tliat in the Jewish community? 

Mr. That is in tlie heart of tlie Jewish community. 

Mr. Thompson. And wliat wore your duties ? 

INIr. Heller. We liad a couple of offices and I was responsible for 
the operation of the offices and primarily all we did in the campaign 
was to say President Nixon's record spoke for itself. When I got into 
the campaign, literature was already made up because it came from 
magazines like Newsweek and so forth, so really my function was 
only to organize getting out the literature, getting people to speaking 
en<ragements. and having rallies. That is all. 

Mr. Thompson. Was the ISIcGovern headquarters in close proximity 
to yours in the Jewish communitv there? 

Mr. Heller. The McGovern headquarters was about a block and a 
half away, two blocks maybe. 

Mr. Thompson. Were you familiar with the leaders there, the cam- 
paign workers there at McGovern headquarters, by sight? 

INIr. Heller. By sight T was, yes. 

Mr, Thompson. And you have identified three documents which you 
say were distributed out of the headquarters there and I believe they 
speak for themselves. Mr. Chairman, at this time I have no further 

Senator Ervin, Senator Baker. 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, thank you very much. Mv. Heller, 
I won't take very long. I am not quite sure I understood the burden 
of your testimony with respect to the "Nixon is Treyf" characteriza- 
tion. I understood ^Nfr. Dash to say that the "Treyf" means not kosher, 
T believe you said that, too, and counsel, Mr. Dash, asked if that meant 
food as in shrimp and lobster. Ts that the fair intendment of the "Nixon 
is Treyf" allegation in the political context in your opinion? 

INIr, Heller, No, it is not. This piece of literature is not just refer- 
ring to food. The word when used in context is referring to food, I 
think possibly to give an analogy, a crude one. I could say that to an 
orthodox Jew "Treyf" is the same thing as he would abhor eating ham 
and that is what it meant to these people. 

Senator Baker. Does it mean abhorrence, unclean in that political 
context ? 

Mr. Heller. That is riirht. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


Mr. Dash. Actually forbidden. 

Senator Baker. But it does not refer to food in the political 
context ? 

Mr. Heller. No. 

Senatoc- Baker. It is a statement, it is an odious impact, it is char- 
acterized to inflame the emotions, is that correct? 

Mr. Heller. That is correct, and it did accomplish that. 

Senator Baker. And the statement that "Nixon brings the ovens to 
the people instead of the people to the ovens," I underetoo<l Mr. Dash 
to say that it might have reference to the use of napalm in Southeast 
Asia; is there anything- in the document that refers to napalm in 
Southeast Asia? 

Mr. Heller. Not that I recall reading. 

Senator Baker. Now, reading the document in its four corners and 
in its political context and its reference to Hermann Goering and the 
statements and the sad history of the Jewish people in Nazi Germany, 
would the statement in that document "Nixon brings the ovens to the 
people," in your opinion, be characteristic of our policy in Southeast 
Asia or did it have other significance in that document ? 

INIr. Heller. I don't think it was similar in any way to our jwlicy in 
Southeast Asia. I think 

Senator Baker. The only thing I am reaching for, Mr. Heller, is I 
am not sure INIr. Dash meant to defend those two statements. 

Mr. Dash. No ; I did not by any means, it was a scurrilous leaflet. 

Senator Baker. I am happy to hear that but I really don't think the 
record should be permitted to stand with a rationalization of a state- 
ment attributed to Hermann Goering as an analogy to the use of 

Mr. Dash. This leaflet does not refer to Goering, it was another 
leaflet. This was a group against the holocaust in Southeast Asia. 

Senator Baker. Was that characterized as a justification for the use 
of that language ? 

Mr. Dash. Oh, no. I don't think anybody can justify these matters. 

Senator Baker. Can we agree it was an unfair campaign practice? 

Mr. Dash. It was very scurrilous. 

Senator Baker. Would you agree with that, Mr. Heller? 

Mr. Heller. I agree with it 100 percent. 

Senator Baker. I have no further questions. 

Senator Ervin. Senator Montoya. 

Senator Moxtoya. Wlien did you produce these documents to the 
committee ? 

Mr. Heller. I produced them just a few days ago. 

Senator INIontoya. "V^Hiere did you get them ? 

Mr. Heller. I had some of the documents myself and what I didn't 
have, I got from my associate Harvey Tannenbaum in Los Angeles, 

Senator Montoya. Do you have a file on these documents in 

Mr. Heller. No, we didn't keep files but we did have some of the 

Senator Montoya. Which did you have yourself and which did you 
get from Mr. Tannenbaum? 


Mr. Heller. I did not have the ''Xixoii is Treyf" piece until T 
i-eceived that, and also the Xazi pieces. I have the Xazi pieces. 

Senator Montoya. Did you get together with Xixon before ^-ou 
appeared before this committee ? 

Mr. Heller. Xo. I spoke with Harve}^ Tannenbauni and I also spoke 
with our national coordinator, "'JeAvish Youth for Humphrey." 

Senator ]\Ioxtoya. That is when you developed the presentation of 
tliese documents after sjieaking to tliem ? 

^Ir. Heller. Xo. I did not develop a presentation for this at all 
with them. I spoke very little with thenu All I did. the reason I spoke 
with tlie national coordinator is because I thought it might be pos- 
sible, that if there were any other documents, I may have mailed them 
to him and he might have had them. That was our only conversation. 

Senator ^NIoxtoya. You mentioned a few minutes ago that the 
"Treyf* lumdbill was in the ]McGovern headquarters on Fairfax Ave- 
nue. Did you go in there yourself ? 

]Mr. Heller. Throughout the campaign I never stepped inside the 
]\IcGovern headquarters on Beverly and Fairfax. What I did do when 
this piece came out — they had big windows, the windows were not 
covered completely by posters, as a matter of fact, very little, and I 
could see stacks — it originally was a green sheet, and I could read 
"Xixon is Treyf," it was in big stacks and people were taking them 
out, and as the people came out I could also read the flier. 

Senator ]Moxtoya. And the handbill was visible from the window? 

Mr. Hellp:r. It was visible from where I was standing outside the 

Senator Mox^toya. And you saw in turn other people connected with 
the headquarters distribute the same on the streets along Fairfax 
Avenue ? 

]Mr. Heller. That is right. 

Senator ]\Ioxtoya. Did you positively identify these people as being 
volunteers out of McGovern headquarters? 

Mr. Heller. The only thing I can say as to positively identifying 
them is, from the beginning of the campaign until the end of the 
campaign I did not — I was not remaining in an office myself. I was 
out on the streets and in the communities as much as possible, and 
the faces, many of the faces, of the people who were handing this piece 
of literature out I had seen many times handing out literature that 
was stamped on the bottom "McGovern-Shrivei*.'' 

Senator ]\Ioxtoya. Would you considei" this a dirty trick? 

Mr. Heller. I considered this piece of literature to be as low, as 
dirty as you can g^et. 

Senator jMoxtoya. Did you notify the Democratic Xational Com- 
mittee or the Committee To Re-Flect the President or the Eepublican 
Xational Committee about the dissemination of this type of literature? 

]Mr. Heller. Well, as I said, I spoke to somebody who was in charge 
of the press department for the Committee To Re-Elect. and I had 
told him of the piece and told him my feelings toward it. 

Senator Mox'toya. The reason I ask you this question is because I 
asked Mr. ^SlacGregor the other day if he was aware of any dirty 
tricks practiced by the McGovern organization or the Democratic 
Campaign Committee or Xational Committee upon the election effort 


of President Nixon and he stated that he was not aware of any dirty 

Mr. Hem.ek. Well, all I can say is that T contacted somebody from 
the committee in Los Ano;eles, and otherwise I did not talk to anybody. 

Senator Moxtoya. That is all, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Enyix. Senator Weicker. 

Senator Weickeh. I have no questions, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Ervin. This literature was an etfort on the part of some- 
body to poison the minds of Jewish votei's in that ai-ea against Presi- 
dent Nixon, was it not ? 

:Mr. Heller. Yes. 

Sehator Ekvin. Do you know whether there was any counterlitera- 
ture circulated ? 

Mr. Heller. Not froui my offic(\ and I never saw any fi'om any other 
office or organization. 

Senator Ervin. Well, it is a very unfoi'tunate thino-that uiany Amer- 
icans — not many, but some — resort to rather disreputable methods of 
iiifluencin<i- votes in Presidential elections; is that not true? 

Mr. Heller. It certainly is. 

Senator Ervin. Yes. And it certainly is alien to what our system 
of o-overnment contemplates in regard to these matters, certainly the 
first amendment contemplates there will be a free and fair discussion 
of issues. Do you not so const I'ue it ? 

INIr. Heller. Yes, I do. 

Senator Ervix. Yes. sir. Thank you. 

Any further questions? 

Mr. Thompson. I mioht have just one or two more, ISIr. Chairman. 

Mr. Heller, you are probably the youn<^est witness who has been 
before the committee, and you said this was your first time in politics, 
and I am sure you have ol)served the hearings as the Watero:ate 
events unfold. I understand you are active witli the Jewish Council 
and quite active in student involvement. Do you have any discussions 
with your contempoiaries with re^rard to what is ^'oino- on in Wash- 
ington these days ? 

Mr. Heller. Yes, I have discussed it a little bit. or they have dis- 
cussed it with me. 

Mr. Thompson. What seems to be the consensus of thouoht ; what 
is your opinion witli reoard to the state of politics ? 

Mr. Heller. Well, I would certainly say that from the people who 
were involved in Watero-ate, that it was somethino- that most of the 
people that I have talked to were, of course, very upset; not only 
upset but some people that I have talked with, and just recently when 
I was in New York and T have talked to thousands since the cam- 
paio:n, I have talked to thousands of Jewish youths, and many of 
those Jewish youths, I would simply say to them — and this is really 
the only answer T can ofive them, is that it is a problem and it is 
too bad that some ])eople are in politics that are like the people who 
masterminded these dirty tricks and people who were responsible for 
break-ins and so forth, but the only solution, I believe, to clean up 
]wlitics is to very simply, rather than hide faces and rather than to run 
in the other direction, I think that more people, more people than 
ever should cet involved in politics, and certainly I would find that to 
be a solution that would clean it up. 


Mr. Thompson. Do you find among many of your friends that tlioy 
are thinking about hiding their faces or running in the othei- direction i 

Mr. Heller. Yes. As a matter of fact, there was a })erson that I 
spoke to just a coupk^ of days ago. who no matter how mucli 1 talked 
to liim, and by the way. he was a McGoveni supporter, I talked to him 
for hours and hours and hours, and at that point in time, he believes 
\ery strongly that our Govei-nment is headed in the direction of 
catastrophe, and his answer to that is that when I asked him, "Why 
don't you remain involved, express your feelings T' all he can tell 
me is that McGovern had the most honest people that could have been 
and that really that is the only answer, that is the answer that I 
received from many people is 

Mr. Thompson. Regardless of party affiliation or whatever, is it 
the feeling among many of the young people that you talked to, that 
the Government is headed toward disaster, the w^ay you describe it? 

Mr. Hellj:r. I think there is a lot of feeling of that by the people 
that I have spoken with, by the people in my college, who are college 
students; even those people, a lot of them were in political science 
courses. I really do not think that I will see them involved in politics 
for a time to come. 

Mr. Thompson. What about you ? 

Mr. Heller. Well, I think that I have learned a lot from the 
Watergate hearings and from the bad things that were done by other 
people, and I personally will hope to be involved in politics as much 
as I possibly could. If I did not have school to accomplish first, I would 
go 100 percent right now and try to get involved in politics. 

]Mr. Thompson. Thank you. I have no further questions. 

Senator P^rvin. Any f urtlier questions t 

Mr. Dash. No further questions, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Ervin. Thank you veiy much. 

Mr. Heller. Thank you. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Paul Brindze. R-r-i-n-d-z-e, is that correct? 

Mr. Brindze. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervin. Do you swear that the evidence you shall give to 
the Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities 
shall be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help 
you God? 

Mr. Brindze. I do. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Brindze, for the record, it is tnie that you were just 
spoken to by members of my staff last evening, and actually, again 
this morning, and were given notice that you would be a witness as 
recently as this morning, is that true ? 


^h\ Brindze. Yes, that is true. 

^Ir. Dash. Could vou tell the committee what your present position 

Mr. Brindze. I am currently a student at the Law School of UCLA, 
Los Angeles, Calif., and I am currently working on a quarter away 
jirogi'am from the law school in Senator Tunney's office here in 
Wash in 2+ on. 


Mr. Dasit. What association, Mr. Rrindze, did you have with the 
McGoveni campaign in California ? 

Mr. Rrixdzk. Diirinoj the pi-imary canipai<rn I was responsible for 
canvassino; operations in the west side ai-ea of Los Anofeles. I was also 
selected at a local caucus as a delegate to the national convention. I 
attended the national convention as a McGovern delegate. After the 
convention I continued niv Avoi-k in AVest Los Angeles and eventually T 
was assigned responsibility for three west side areas offices, particu- 
larly the offices tliat dealt with the predominantly Jewish commu- 
nities of Beverly Ftiii'fax. and Pico Fairfax. 

]\rr. Dash. Was one of tliose offices 7010 I^everly Boulevard? 

]\rr. Bktnoze. Yes, that is right. 

^Nlr. Dasit. Will you take a look at tliat gi'(>en leaflef^' ^\lli('ll has 
already been identified for the record and has the oi)ening statement 
"Nixon is Treyf ". Have you seen that leaflet before '? 

Mr. Brtndze. Yes. I have. 

]\rr. Dasit. (^ould you ex|)liiin tlie ciirumstances under which you saw 
the leaflet and what responsibility you had at McGovern headquarters 
' for either the reproduction of that leaflet or its distribution ? 

Mr. BitixDzi:. Yes. 

My headquarters at Beverly Fairfax did most of the printing foi- 
the west side Los Angeles campaign, and we had two mimeogi-aph 
machines there at the time, and an electi'ostencil machine which could 
I'eci'eate stencils fi'om hai'd copies, from prijited copies. 

A gentleman came into tlie office bv the name of Coni'ad Mellilli. 
M-e-1-l-i-l-l-i. There may be some mistake in the "I's" thei-e. I am 
not sui-e of that. 

He came into the office and said that he was a member of a radical 
Jewish group against the war. He said that they were planning a 
demonstration in front of the Jewish Federation Council ineeting 
which was upcoming, and that they had ]U'oduced 3.000 of these pieces 
of litei-ature. and they had lun out of them and their group did not 
have any money to repi'oduce them and he wanted me to pi-oduce 
another 3.000 copies foi- him. 

Ml'. Dash. Did he identify himself as representing the so-called 
sponsor group at the bottom of the leaflet, "The Jewish Campaign 
to Fnd the Indochina Holocaust''? 

Mr. Brindze. OK. I believe he did. I do not i^member that he used 
that group name. I do i-emember he i-epi-esented himself as repre- 
senting a radical Jewish antiwar group. 

Mr. Dash. Did you know him befoi-e he came in to see you ? 

Mr. Brindze. No, I did not know him before he came in. You know. 
I have seen him ai'ound the office, it is possible that he was there. 
I do not really remember specifically having seen him. 

Mr. Dash. When he asked you to reproduce additional copies of 
this leaflet did you read the leaflet ? 

Mr. Brtndze. T glanced at the beginning of the leaflet, basically the 
headlines of it, and I didn't read the body, the typewi-itten body of 
the leaflet. 

Mr. Dash. Do you understand the Yiddish word "treyf" ? 

Mr. Brindze. Yes, I do. 

♦Exhibit No. 247. see p. .5022. 


yh-. Dash. ^Miat did it moan to you "Xixoii is Ticyf" when you 
saw it ? 

Mr. I^KiXDZE. OK, I woidd like to preface this with a little bit of 
statement of my expertise in Yiddish. T do not currently speak Yiddish, 
however, I was raised in the Fairfax area, went to hitrh school at 
Fairfax Hioli School. My o-randmothei- spoke fluent Yiddish, Yiddish 
was spoken quite a bit in my home as a child and also I did go to a 
Yiddish school after my reo:ular school, up until about the a<;e of 8. 
To me "treyf means Hrst, not kosher; second, it could be interpreted 
as unclean. Used in this context "Xixon is treyf" it means basically 
Nixon is no good. 

Mr. Dash. Also it could uiean forbidden, too. "Treyf" is forbidden. 

INIr. Brindze. It could be forbidden. I Avould say basically if — in 
the context here it means Nixon is no good. In the proverbial or our 
Fairfax community Xixon is a nogoodnik. 

Mr. Dash. But you will accept Senator Baker's expression it was 
meant to be an epithet, it was meant to identify him either as abhorrent 
or no good ? 

Mr. Brindze. I would say it was meant as identifying him as no 
good. The thing I would disagree with this former testimony that 
said this would arouse violent emotions in the Jewish community. 
Saying that somebody is treyf to a Jew is saying that the person is 
no good but it is a common — it is not an imheard of comment. It is 
not as we might say, I don't think that it would constitute, in most of 
our community, what is know as fighting words. It would not be the 
kind of thing that would stir somebody up so much that he would 

]Mr. Dash. Did you read the rest of the leaflet, especially the bottom? 

]Mr. Brixdze. I do not remember having looked at the phrases on 
the bottom. 

j\Ir. Dash. Now, what did you do when you wei'e asked by this 
person who you met for the first time to reproduce this leaflet ? 

iNIr. Brixdze. I agreed that I would allow our person who ran the 
mimeograph machine to run off additional — I don't remember if it 
was 1,500 or o,000, it was not more than 8,000^ — copies of this leaflet 
And I told him, however, that — I told Conrad — that as far as I was 
concerned I had been given orders not to partcipate, that the cam- 
paign was in no way to participate in demonstrations, this was 
shortly after the Century City demonstration in Los Angeles, and that 
this decision I was making was not any authoiized campaign decision 
and that T was doing this on my own because I agreed with his aims, 
basically the aims of identifying Mr. Nixon with the war and identify- 
ing Mr. Spiegel. 

Mr. Dash. Are you saying that you were telling him that you were 
not authorized by Senator McGovern or those working for Senator 
McGovern in those cam])aigns to I'un this oft', but you wei'e taking this 
as your pei'sonal i-esponsibility ? 

Mr. Brixdze. I am afraid that is exactly w hat I was saying. 

Mr. Dash. Did you think such a leaflet would assist Senator 
McGovern in his campaign ? 

INIr. Brix'dze. Again, without having read the entire body of the 
leaflet I felt at the time that it would. I felt more particularly — my 
reasons for being involved in the INIcGovern campaign have a great 
deal to do with the war, and I felt that it was important to bring out 


Mr. Nixon's relationship to the war, and particuhirly to put pressure 
on the Jewisli Federation Council to make it clear that ^Ir. Spiegel 
was not speaking for them when he endorsed President Nixon. I 
personally felt that those were worthwhile aims. 

Mr. Dash. What about the language at the end ''Thanks to modern 
teclmology Nixon brings the ovens to the people rather thr u the people 
to the ovens" and that is in the context of a quote from Hermann 
Goering. Isn't that really a reference or an attempt to inflame Jewisli 
residents, reminding them of the Nazi holocaust!? 

Mr. Rrindze. I would reiterate that I do not lemember reading 
that part of the body of the statement when I got it, and I wouldn't 
defend its rhetoric. I think it is a bit strong. 

However, my opinion, and there was a great deal of talk in the 
Jewish comnumity during the campaign, there was, you know, in refer- 
ence to what was going on in Indochina and there were several people 
in the Jewish community who felt that there was a similarity, that 
the — that our actions in Indochina did bear a similarity, and partic- 
ularly there is a Jewish tradition, shall we say, of life, and the value 
of life, it is very important in our community, and I would say it 
goes toward that end, toward inflaming that end. 

Again I would agree that the language is unfortunate. 

Mr. Dash. Well, before authorizing the reproduction of this on 
your own, wouldn't vou have been wise to have read the entire 

Mr. Brindze. Suitably I would have. 

Mr. Dash. This time not having read the entire leaflet and seeing 
what it is, would you have authorized it — that leaflet '. 

Mr. Brindze. I doubt I would have. At the time that it happened 
my major concern was that the McGovern campaigu would be identi- 
fied, might be identified through this leaflet as participating in a rally, 
which is what we were most concerned about, and that is the reason 
that I told him that as far as the McGovern campaig-n was concerned 
I was not supposed to be doing this. You know I felt that was the 
problem but again I hadn't read the body so I didn't see the problems in 

Mr. Dash. After you completed having that i-epioduced, how many 
did you say you thought w^ere reproduced 'I 

Mr. Brindze. There was a maximum of P>,000 that might have been 
as low as 1,500, 1 am not sure. 

Mr. Dash. What did you do with the package ? 

Mr. BifiNDzE. We gave them to Mr. Mellilli and he took them out 
of the office. We may have helped him load them in the car, I don'( 

Mr. Dash. How long did it take to run this oft' ? 

Mr. Brindze. Appioximately a half houi-, I would say. 

Mr. Dash. Did you store any of those around the office ? 

Mr. Brindze. No. I also specifically told him that these were not to 
be left at any of my other offices in the area. Distribution, if he was 
going to do distribution, it was by his group and not by McGovern 
people and I didn't want to see these in any office. 

Mr. Dash. Did you direct any of your workers in the office to 
distribute any of these leaflets ? 

Mr. Brindze. No; as I say I may have told some people to help 
him carry them out to the car, I don't remember that. 


]Mr. Dash. To your knowlodgp. 

Mr. Brixdzk. Specilically I did not tell tluMU to distribute an}' of 

Mr. Dash. To your knowledge did any of the McGovern workers in 
your office distribute them ? 

Mr. HiuxD/E. Xot to my knowledge. 

Mr. Dasii. Is it possible some of them did ? 

Mr. Brixdze. It is certainly but not to my knowledge and not 
to my knowledge and direction. 

Mr. Dash. Did you bring these leaflets to any higher authoi-ity in 
the McGovern campaign I 

]\rr. Brixdze. Only after the news broke on it. There was a news 
i-eport that came out very shortly after this happened to the eifect 
that another example of the McGovern campaign participating in 
demonstrations had been printed at our office and I did then. There 
were inquiries from the southern California campaign as to wliether 
or not this had been printed at our office and I then informed the 
people above me. 

Mr. Dash. Who difl you inform ? 

Mr. Brixdze. I informed first Mr. Joseph Charney who was the 
west side area coordinator for the campaign, and then he and I both 
had a meeting with Mr. Elmer Cooper who was southern California 

Mr. Dash. What was decided should be done as a result of this 

Mr. Brixdze. All right. There were two decisions. First of all, 
Mr. Cooper said that I had placed him in a very bad position, because 
they did not approve of this leaflet, and his first inclination was that 
I shoidd be removed from the campaign staff. However, the campaign 
in the Fairfax area had been going very well' and this hid been the 
first incident of misjudgment on my part, so he didn't want to do that. 
He said, hoAvever, that as far as he was concerned we should say that 
the person who ran the mimeograph machine was a 16-year-old young 
man. was responsible for doing it on his own, that that would be the 
public statement. I talked to the IG-year-old man involved and he 
said he would be willing 

INIr. Dash. He would take the rap? 

J\lr. Brixdze. He would take the rap on this. 

INIr. Dash. Was he fired ? 

Mr. Brixdze. He was asked not to come around for a few days 
and didn't come around the office for about a week. He was not on the 
staff. He was a volunteer and he didn't come around for about a week, 
and I believe the public pressure was to the effect, the public statement 
rather Avas to the effect that he would be identified as the person 
involved who had been dismissed. I would also say on the west side 
level, a policy was instituted after, that Mr. Charney's office would 
approve all documents being ])rinted out of our office and from that 
time on either Mr. Cliarney's signature or Mr. Steve Miller who was 
in Mr. Charney "s office had to initial all of the pamphlets that were 
produced at our office. 

Mr. Dash. Xow, will you look at the leaflet that is headed "'\'\^io 
is Our Candidate For President." I think it may be on the table in front 
of you. 


Do you have it? 

Mr. Brindze. Yes ; I do. 

Mr. Dash. That has already been identified in the record as exhibit 
248, and appears to have been sponsored by a group "Jews for 
McGovern-Shriver'- with the address you have just identified as 
the INIcGovern headquarters on Beverly Boulevard. 

Was this leaflet also printed at McGovern headquarters ? 

Mr. Brindze. Yes; this was. I believe it was fairly early in the 
campaign, I am not 

Mr. Dash. Fairly what ? 

Mr. Brindze. I believe it was fairly early in the campaign, I am 
not sure of the timing on this. There were several pieces that were pro- 
duced by this group. They came, and there was an older Jewish 
gentleman in the community who organized the "Jews for ]McGovern'' 
and they volunteered to pay for the cost of the materials if we would 
print their leaflets, which were Yiddish on one side and English on 
the other side. 

Mr. Dash. In other words, the organization that is listed as the 
alleged sponsor of the "Jews for McGovern-Shriver'' was in fact an 
organization ? 

Mr. Brindze. As far as I know, they were an organization, al- 
though I have only had contact with the one old gentleman. 

Mr. Dash. Were you authorized by your superiors to reproduce 
this leaflet? 

Mr, Brindze. I cannot say that for certain without knowing specifi- 
cally the date ; it is very difficult for me at this time with this notice. 

Mr. Dash. Were you the person in charge of that headquarters? 

Mr. Brindze. Yes; I was tlie person in charge of that lieadquai'ters. 

The reason that I am questioning whether or not, if I knew the 
date, I would say, yes; I approved it on my own, or no; Mr, Charney 
had seen it. I think that it is likely that it was earlier and that I 
approved this on my own. Again, this was at a stage where I was 
not approving everything that was 

Mr. Dash. Without going into the leaflet, it again attempts to make 
a reference to the genocide of 6 million Jews, relating it to Mr. Nixon's 
antibusing program, and also makes a reference to the fact tliat the 
Los Angeles Board of Rabbis enthusiastically support iSIcGovern. 
I think we have had introduced into the record a letter from the 
board of Rabbis that denied that, which w'ould make this an untruthful 
statement. Were vou aware at any time that this w^as an untruthful 

Mr. Brindze. I do remember the leaflet now. That was after this 
letter came back. That was brought up by the press, I believe someone 
at the office said that we sliould not ]iroduce something that was 
untruthful, because they had the letter at that time. 

As I remember discussing it again, with this Jewish gentleman 
who had written the piece — Senator McGovern had appeared sliortly 
before that before the board of Rabbis at a meeting in downitown 
Los Angeles, I believe, or the Biltmore. At that meeting. Rabbi 
Nussbaum, who is a member of the executive committee and a very 
important Rabbi in Los Angeles, praised Senatoi- INIcGovern and 
fullheartedly endorsed him. It was appai-ently the impression of the 
gentleman who produced this document that, having read the press 


story, there Avas an actual endorsement cfiven. when in fact, as we 
found out. tliere was not an endorsement given. 

Mr. Dash. I think you will agree, then, that this is a fairly loose 
practice of printing. Would you agree that this is a loose practice of 
permitting the facilities of your headquarters to print such leaflets 
without checking the accuracy of the statements ? 

]Mr. Brixdze. I would certainly agree with that. 

]\lr. Dash. Also, there have been introduced for the record three 
columns, written by Jack Anderson — which at least connect President 
Xixon witli anti-Jewish positions. "Were those columns repulilished 
by your headquarters ? 

Mr. Brixdze. On this, there was. There were several pieces wdiich we 
received from higher headquarters — I believe it was national. It 
might have come from an office in Chicago that was handling some 
Jewish afi'airs. There were a few boxes that came in. We then repro- 
duced several additional copies, because there was a great demand 
for this particular article. 

Mr. Dash. Do you recognize these as being among those ? 

Mr. Brixdze. Yes, I do. 

Mr. Dash. Mr. Chairman, I have no further questions. 

Senator Ervix. Mr. Thom]:)son. 

]Mr. Thompsox^. As I understand it. you were in charge of three 
west side offices ? 

!Mr. Brixdze. Yes. sir. 

Mr. Thompsox. Was this a full-time job ? 

]Mr. Brixdze. Yes. it was. 

]Mr. Thompsox'. Were you paid a salary? 

ISIr. Brixdze. Yes. 

]Mr. Thompsox. Did you spend most of your time in one of the 
three headquarters ? 

Mr. Brix'dze. In one of the three as opposed to the other ? 

Mr. Thompsox. In any of the three ? 

Mr. Brix-^dze. I would suj^pose that I spent a good deal of my time, 
probably at least 10 hours a day. and as the cami)aign closed, probably 
closer to 18 hours a day, in at least one of the headquarters. 

Mr. Thompsox. This Conrad ]\Iellilli — I believe you testified at 
one point in your testimony that he was a volunteer. 

]Mr. Brix'dze. Xo. I think I said I thought I might have seen him 
in one of the offices. It is possible that I had seen him and thought he 
was a volunteer. I was not sure. I do remember not knowing specifi- 
cally who he was at the time and taking him at face value. 

]\ir. Thompsox. You did say that at one time, he was told not to 
show up for awhile ? 

Mr. Brixdze. Xo. that was the volunteer that ran the mimeograph 

Mr. Thompsox. What was his name ? 

]Mr. Brixdze. I do not remember his name. 

]Mr. Thompson. ]Mavbe we are confused on a point. I have here 
the witness summary that states that regarding the alleged scurrilous 
leaflet printed up in the McGovern headquarters and describing 
Xixon as a Xazi, "Brindze admitted unofficially authorizing- the print- 
ing of material on ^SIcGovern equipment. Apparently, a non-Mc- 
Govern individual named Conrad Mellilli came from McGovern head- 


quarters. At that time, Brindze explained to the latter that he could 
not officially authorize the printing of this material, but he would 
assist unofficially and allow the materials to be printed on the then 
idle McGovern mimeograph machines,'' and so on. Are you saying, 
then, that Mellilli is not the name of the individual who actually 
came in and asked that they be allowed to 

Mr, Brindze. He is the individual who came in and asked that we 
print this. What I am saying is that he was not a volunteer in the 
McGovern campaign ; he was not the individual that subsequent i-eports 
had listed as being removed from the office. That was the young man 
who was running the mimeograph machine, whose name I do not 

ISIr. Thompson. Oh, I see. The young man who took the rap, so to 

Mr. Brindze. Yes. 

Mr. Thompson. You say you believe you might have recalled seeing 
him around the headquarters sometime before, but you did not know 
his name ? 

Mr. Brindze. I said I might have. I do not remember specifically 
having done this. The reason I say I might have is there is some 
question in my mind as to why I took this person at face value, looking 
back on it. That may have been the reason. But I do not specifically 
remember having seen him before. 

Mr. Thompson. Did you question him as to what that organization, 
the "Jewish Campaign to End the Indochina Holocaust," was or where 
the headquarters were ? 

Mr. Brindze. No, he represented himself as a member of the radical 
Jewish community. Pie appeared physically to fit that description. He 
was, you know, he had fairly long hair, he had a beard, he was 
dressed in army fatigues, an old army fatigue jacket with several 
antiwar and anti-Nixon buttons and some radical Jewish buttons, 
all over his jacket. 

Mr. Thompson. As I understand it, ]Mr. Brindze, you allowed a man 
whom you essentially did not know, to come in and print material 
which you essentially did not read, and I believe you said you might 
perhaps have assisted him in loading this material after it was printed. 
Is that in essence correct? 

Mr. Brindze. I would say that is a fairly accurate characterization. 

Mr. Thompson. You stated that you were doing this unofficially 
instead of officially. Is not the result of what you were trying to do, 
in effect, to cover yourself in case you got caught, so you would have 
what has been referred to I'ecently as deniability ? 

Mr. Brindze, What I was doing, again, was specifically — I felt — 
I will repeat — I felt that the demonstration that he described to me 
and that was mentioned at the beginning of the leaflet was a good 
idea personally, and I felt that he should be supported in his work 
on that idea. However, I knew that I did not have authority to do 
that and I did not want to implicate the McGovern campaign. 

Mr. Thompson. You did not think you were implicating the 
McGovern campaign or you spoke for the McGovern campaign when 
you were in charge of that office. You were in the office at that time. 
You were a salaried, paid worker, with full-time job. In your mind 
did you feel that by making the statement that this was unofficial 


instead of ofRcial. you could disassociate yourself from the McGoveni 
cainpaion ? 

Mr. Brixdze. 1 would say I was only ex[)ressino- what my feelings 
were at the time. 

jNIr. Thompson. And you also permitted the use of the ISIcGovern 
headquarters, did you not? The use of the McGoyern equipment, and 
I assume, the use of ]McGovern paper and materials in this project? 

]Mr. Brindze. Yes, sir. 

]Mr. TiioMPSOx. Unofficially ? 

]\rr. Brixdze. Yes, sir, and T might say, if I am guilty of anything 
in this matter, it would be very bad judgment and perhaps misappro- 
priation of materials in the McGovern campaign, which T might 
mention in this particular case, amounted to approximately $15 in 
value and less than a half hour of a volunteer's time. 

I pointed out the value of that only to underscore the smallness of 
this incident in my duties regarding the ^IcGovern campaign and 
the McGovern campaign generally in that area. I was responsible for 
the expenditure of probably close to $25,000 during the IMcGovern 
campaign, and this was $15 out of that $"25,000. 

Mr. Thompsox. In other words, a little bit of misappropriation is 
less culpable than a lot of misappropriation '? 

INIr. Brixdze. No, sir, I am only trying to put it in context as to 
what I understood to be the situation. 

Mr. Thompsox. I am sorry. I misunderstood what you were doing. 

Xow, you are talking about matters of judgment. You are talking 
about matters of rhetoric. If you feel that you want to subscribe to 
reference to a Presidential candidate in the same document as someone 
who is responsible for the genocide of 6 million Jews or someone who 
brings the ovens to the people, that is for eA'erybody to determine. I 
suppose. But what strikes me about this and what I would like to ask 
you about, is what justification you have for imposing upon a young 
man there who did nothing more than operate the mimeograph 
machine to, in effect, take the rap for wliat was done? What went 
through 5' our mind as you did that? How do you feel about that? 

Mr. Brixdze. I would say at the time, first of all, I felt very guilty 
about it. Second of all. I told the people when I was asked about it 
that I would not do it without talking to him. I went back and talked 
to him and explained the situation to him and said, "This is what is 
going to happen." 

'Mr. Thompsox. What did you tell him was going to happen, that 
he was going to take the rap ? 

Mr. Brixdze. No, I told him that this is what they had proposed 
downtown. If I were to admit that I had approved this document, it 
would mean that they would have to fire me — this is what they told 
me — and that if he agreed that lie could take it, it would mean that 
he would be out of the office for at least a week and that he would end 
up with the blame on this. 

]Mr. Thompsox'. How old was this young man ? 

Mr. Brixdze. He was approximately 16. 

Mr. Thompsox. Approximately 16 years old? 

Mr. Brix'dze. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Thompsox'. He agi-eed to do this ? 

Mr. Brixdze. He agreed to do this. 


Mr. Tito:mpson. But ]:>resentina; this proposal to liim or tellino; him 
what the boys downtown liad decided — what was the effect of that? 
Was it not that lie would not need to be contacted and. in effect, he 
was not goino; to turn around and relate the information to someone 
else, was he? Was not the *rist of what you were trying to do to get 
him to tell anyone who might inquire that it was he who actually 
was responsible? Is that what you were trying to get him to do? 
Mr. Brixdze. The first time I talked to him. it was not that at all. 
The first time I talked to him was before T had even agreed that this 
would be the story. I told them downtown that I didn't want to do this 
without talking to him, because T felt bad about it, quite frankly. 
I still do. I am perhaps not as vindicated, but I would not feel it was 
something that I had a right to do to him for my benefit, without 
talking to him about it. 

Mr. Thompsox, In other words, this was not your proposal ? 
Mr. Brindze. No. sir. 

]\Ir. Thompsox^. This was a proposal of Mr. Elmer Cooper and the 
press boys downtoAvn ? 

Mr. Brixdze. I don't remember that it was ]Mr. Cooper himself. 
It was in the discussions downtown and he was involved in those 

Mr. Thompsox. Mr. Elmer Cooper was the coordinator for southern 

Mr. Brixdze. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Thompsox. Who else was consulted about making this decision? 
Mr. Brixdze. The only people I specifically talked to downtown 
were Mr. Elmer Cooper, Mr. Joseph Charney, who was not downtown 
but in the west side office. 

Mr. Thompsox. What was his position ? 

Mr. Brixdze. It was Mr. Joseph Charney and he was the west 
side coordinator. He was my immediate superior. I consulted with 
him about it. 

Again, I believe that the press people were talking downtown. I 
don't remember specifically, mvself, talkin<r about decisions on this. 
I don't really know or remember specifically where the idea came 

INIr. Thompsox-^. One of the persons participating was the coordinator 
of the southern California ]\IcGovern effort — one of the persons 
particinating in this decision ? 
Mr. Brixdze. Yes, sir. 

I should make it clear he did not participate in the decision to 
produce this leaflet. 

Mr. Thompsox^. I am talking about the decision 

Mr. Brixdze. The decision to blame the young man. 
Mr. Thompsox. That is what I am talking about. 
Mr. Brixdze. Yes. sir. 

Mr. THo:\rPsox. And after this decision was reached and after you 
spoke to the young man and after he agreed to take the blame for 
what you had done, was there a story to i:)ut out to that effect ? 

Mr. Brixdze. I believe that — again I am not speaking firethand. I 
belie\e t^^e sto!-v that was nut out h^' the press neople was something 
to the effect that the person responsible for it had been fired or dis- 
missed or was no longer with the campaign. 


;Mr. Tno:vrpsox. You were that pei-son, were you not? 

i\Ir. Brixdze. T was. in fact, that person. I don't know the specifics 
of how they related to the 

Mr. TiioMPsox. You were not in fact fired, is that correct? 

]\rr. Brixdze. I was not. 

Mr. TiiOMPSOX. You remained in your position at the current sahary 
you had at the time and the responsibilities that you had? 

Mr. Brixdze. Yes. I did. 

Mr. TiioMPSOX. And you mentioned other leaflets, I believe, that 
were printed there at headquarters: the one Mr. Dash referred to. 
"Jews for McGovern-Shriver," referring to the I^os Ano:eles Board of 
Rabbis which they later refuted. How many other ty])es of docu- 
ments, leaflets of this nature did von put out at those headquarters? 

]\Ir. Brixdze. "VAHien you say of this nature, what do you mean ? 

Mr. TnoMPSOx. I an'i talkino; about the nature of comparing Nixon 
or his sponsors with genocide of 6 million Jews. I am talking about any 
documents or statements purporting to claim the support of people 
who vehemently denied it later on — anything of that nature. 

Mr. Brixdze. I would say in the categories that you have just re- 
ferred to, I do not know of other documents that were produced at our 
headquartei-s. I would say, however, that we printed at various times 
several hundred, possibly as many as 500 different documents during 
the 2-month or so ])eriod. Again, very early in the campaign, the process 
of proofreading these was very sloppy and I could not state to my cer- 
tain knowledge that nothing else was produced. I do not know of any- 
tiiing else being produced of that nature. 

Mr. Thompsox. Why was it so important that McGovern headquar- 
ters disassociate itself with this particular document? 

Mr. Brixdze. As I mentionecl before, this was slightly after the 
Century City demonstration where there had been accusations by the 
Xixon campaign that the McGovern campaign had somehow instituted 
this demonstration. 

]\rr. TiioMPsox. Did you hear testimony about the phone bank at 
headquarters being used ? 

Mr. Brixdze. No, I haven't. 

Mr. Thompsox. All right. 

Mr. Brtxdze. But this was the concern. I might mention again that 
none of the press reports or any of the stir that came out of this par- 
ticular document was the bodv, and the references that you are making 
that were made in the body. Avere mentioned at all. It was. again, 
strictly aimed at another supposed example that the ^McGovern cam- 
paign was in\olved in organizing demonstrations. 

Mr. TiioMPSox. Are you aware of any other statements released by 
the McGovern campaign people in the area that you had responsi- 
bility for, in which the responsible people knew that the material re- 
leased or statements released were false, other than the one vou have 

Mr. J^RixDZE. No. 

^Vfr. T'jr'OTT'sox. Thank' you. sir. T have no f ni-ther questions. ^ 

Senator Ervix. Anything furthei-? 

Mr. Dash. T have no further questions. Mr. Chairman. 

Senator EIrvix. The committee will stand in recess until 2 o'clock. 

[Whereupon, at 12 :45 p.m.. the connnittee recessed, to reconvene at 
2 p.m., the same day.] 


Afterxoon- Session, Tuesday, No\tember 6, 1973 

Senator Ervix. The committee will come to order. 

Cono-i-essman Carter, please stand and raise your rio;ht hand. Do 
you swear the evidence you shall <rive to the Senate Select Committee 
on Presidential Campaign Activities shall be the truth, the whole 
truth, and nothing- but the truth, so help you God ? 

Representative Carter. I do. 

Senator Ervix. Mr. Thompson. 

Ml-. Tiio:mpsox. Sir, to identify the witness for the record, this is the 
Honorable Tim Lee Carter from Kentucky. 


Representative Carter. That is correct. 

Mr. Thompsox. I appreciate your being here, Congressman Carter. 

Representative Carter. Thank you, sir. 

Mr. TiiOMPSox. I understand that you have a prepared statement. 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, that is right. 

Mr. TiiOMPSOX. Would you please read the statement at this time ? 

Representative Carter. All right, sir. 

Mr. Chairman, on Sunday night, Auo:ust 20, 1972, at the start 
of the Republican National Convention, my wife and I were invited 
to the Fontainebleu Hotel to a large, well-publicized dinner. Many of 
the hotels had been picketed for severals days by large groups of 

As we approached the Fontainebleu Hotel, we saw such a large, 
raucous crowd in front that we parked at the Eden Roc, just north of 
the Fontainebleu. As we approaclied the Fontainebleu, walking, we 
saw hundreds of shouting demonstrators. We had to get through them 
to go to the hotel, as others did. 

As we made this effort, we were screamed and yelled at; we we^'e 
shoved, pushed, and our coats were ))ulled. A button was pulled off mv 
coat. These fanatical people yelled, ''Murderers! Assassins I" and .ob- 
scenities at us. 

Since I wore my delegate's insignia, my wife and I seemed to be a 
target for the deuionstrators. The group was maniacal. It was difficult 
to inch our May through this crowd. They little knew that I even op- 
posed our country's going into the war in Vietnam. One fellow blocked 
my way and yelled, "Murderer!" in my face. It was all I could take. 
I would have slu.fraed him if it had been my last act on earth. 

I gave him a Sunday punch, flush on the jaw, and the last time I 
saw him, he was still falling. The crowd closed in on me, flailing with 
fists and hands, and screaming to tlie height of their inhuman ambition. 

I made my way through the crowd to a cordon of police, but found 
I had lost my wife, Katie, in the melee. I waded back twice into the 
mass of whirling dervishes, but I could not find her. Later, I found she 
had crawled on her hands and knees into the lobby of the hotel ;ind it 
took some time to quiet and calm her, so I did not see the cordon of 
police push the mob back. 

On the last day of the convention, Wednesday, August 23, 1972, I 
was in the place of lodging of the Kentucky delegation, being inter- 


viewed by Mr. Sclmltz, who was employed hy a Lexina'ton. TCy., radio 
station, wlieii I heard a loud ruckus on the outside. By the time T <zot 
out there, a mob was leavincf. T>r. Harold Barton, from Kentucky, luis- 
band of our national conimitteewoman from Kentucky, was holdinof 
his iaw with one hand and a tootli or so in the other. The American fla<i: 
and the Kentucky flair had been torn down. 

There were no signs of police. We were advised latei- l)y some emis- 
sary of the police to "fo early to convention hall because of the unruly 
mobs roaming the streets. 

Just as we were sfcttinff ready to g:o, a fanatic mob came down the 
street in numbers too larsre to cope with. Thev set trashcarts on fire 
and rolled them into the street ; they rolled barrels in the street, they 
smashed window lijfrhts. 

A bus stopped at the street entrance to our hotel. This was the one 
which we meant to board, but four or five of the revolutionaries — and 
that is what I term them — snatched a panel off the back of the bus, 
pulled out the oil line and broke it. It was the work of professionals. 
This, of course, disabled the bus. A second bus came up behind. It was 
quickly put out of commission. 

Mr. "Wilbe Greer, the district chairman from my district in Ken- 
tucky, asked if I saw them slashing the tires. I am sure they were 
slashed, for the tires went down, but I saw no knives. 

Across the street a nice new Cadillac was also put out of commis- 
sion. The mob passed on down the street, yellin":, screaming, and 
breakin": out trlass windows. We had no police protection nor means 
of transportation to the convention center. However, we were deter- 
mined, as American citizens, that even if we had to walk, fight, or 
both, we were o-oin.<T to exercise our constitutional rights to vote at 
the convention center. But many of the women and some of the older 
men decided to stay at the hotel. 

The State chairman. John Kerr, and I. with the mayor of More- 
head. William H. Lavne, and Bill RuefF. of Morgantown, Ky., led our 
group of about 20 a distance of 12 to 15 blocks in a rather circuitous 
route to the convention center. Luckily, we met only a few hecklers 
and went through a relatively small amount of tear gas. After the 
convention, we came back to the hotel the same wav we went — on foot. 
There was more tear gas. more heckling, but no attacks. 

The women were terribly frightened, and were overjoyed natu- 
rallv. wlien we reached our ho^el. 

Mr. Chairman. I went through combat in World War II in the 
Pacific, and the people we faced there were no more fanatical or fierce 
than these revolutionaries we faced in Miami. We never dreamed in- 
cidents such as this would occur in America, but they did. 

I have with me today a film of an interview made bv NBC in con- 
vention center which con'oborates my statement, and I will submit 
it for your perusal if you desire, but I would like to have it back for 
my personal records. 

If you have questions, Mr. Chairman, I should be happy to attempt 
to answer them. 

Mr. Thompson. Thank you, Congressman Carter. I might rebate a 
little of your background. I believe you are. in addition to being the 
distinguished Congressman from the Fifth District from Kentucky, 
a doctor, is that correct ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. I am. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 -— 7 


Mr. Thompson. And yon are a medical doctor? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Mr. TiioMPSox. I believe you were in the practice of medicine from 
1940 to 1964; is that right? 

Representative Carter. That is right. 

Mr. Thompson. Congressman, I believe your statement is detailed 
and speaks for itself. As I understand the suunnary, there are basically 
three instances that you relate. I might, first of all, ask you what your 
function was during this i)articular convention ? 

Re{)resentative Carter. I was a delegate to this convention and also 
a member of the platform connnittee at the convention. 

Mr. Thompson. And August '20 was on a Sunday; had you been 
there any time previous to this Sunday, August 20 ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, I had been there for approximately 
a week to help form a platform. 

Mr. Thompson. As you attempted to attend the dinner at the Foun- 
tainebleu with your wife, is it your opinion that you were recognized 
as a delegate ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, I feel like I was. However, other 
people along with us before us and behind us were treated in the same 

Mr. Thompson. How many were in your party ? 

Representative Carter. Only the two of us together, ])ut there were 
many people who had to get through this mob of, say, 500 to 700 
peoi:)le in front of the Fontainebleu. 

Mr. Thompson. Were the police in evidence ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. They had formed a line holding 
their clubs as they do around the entrance to the hotel, but they stood 
stock still at this time. 

Mr. Thompson. And I believe, according to your statement, that you 
were nndergoing harassment and obscenities and provocation. 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, that is quite true. 

Mr. Thompson. After being called a "nnirderer" to your face, you 
hit the person who made that statement ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, I reached the flashpoint automat- 
ically, and I couldn't help it. 

Mr. Thompson. Did they converge on you at that point ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, they did. 

Mr. Thompson. And I believe you stated you lost Mrs. Carter there 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, I did. 

Mr. Thompson. Did you later determine what she had done or had to 
do in order to extricate herself ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. I found out when I got to the lobby 
of the Fontainebleu. 

Mr. Thompson. What condition was she in and what had she done? 

Representative Carter. Well, she had crawled, apparently, up soi-t 
of an elevation there. 

]Mr. Thompson. On her hands and knees ? 

Representative Carter. On her hands and knees; yes, sir. And into 
the lobby of the hotel. 

Mr. Thompson. Were you able to finally attend the dinner? Were 
all your parties able to arrive there ? 


Representative Carter. Yes, sir; we were able to attend the dinner. 
It took a little time to calm and quiet them down. 

Mr. Thompson. On the Auofust :23 incident which was on a Wednes- 
day at the Atlantic Hotel, I believe you related you were there pri- 
marily for a press interview on that particular occasion, or at least 
you were attempting to conduct a press interview. 

Eepresentative Carter. 1 was there and the press wanted to inter- 
view nie and we were engaged in that process when I heard all the 
noise outside. 

Mr. Thompson. Did you have any police protection there at that 
time ? 

Eepresentative Carter. No, sir; we did not. 

Mr. Thompson. What kind of arrangements were you in? Were you 
on the outside of the building ? 

Representative Carter. I was on the inside in a room there talking 
with Mr. Schultz. In fact he was taking down what I was saying. 

Mr. Thompson. What seemed to spark the people who came in there? 
Was it a sudden surge or did they drift in or what ? 

Representative Carter. No. sir ; they were one of the mobs that were 
roaming around through Miami. They just surged right in there, from 
what I heard later. I saw them receding — going out. But when I had 
gone out there, as I told you, I saw Dr. I3arton there and they had 
torn the flags down. 

Mr. Thompson. That is where the Kentucky delegation was staying? 

Representative Carter. Tluit is right. 

Mr. Thompson. You knew many, if not all, of the members there 
quite well ? 

Representative Carter. That is correct. 

Mr. Thompson. AMio is Dr. Barton ? 

Representative Caritsr. Dr. Barton is a surgeon from Kentucky and 
his wife is the national committeewoman from Kentucky. 

Mr. Thompson. What happened to him in that case ? 

Representative Carter. Someone struck him in the moutli or had 
knocked out two teeth. 

Mr. Thompson. On the Tuesday, August 22, 1972, incident, Congress- 
man, you mentioned the disabling, I believe, of two buses that had ar- 
rived there to take you to the convention. 

Representative Carter. That is right. 

Mr. Thompson. Was tliat your ordinary mode of transportation? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. There were buses that would take 
us directly to the convention center. 

Mr. Thompson. You said thev were rather expertly dismantled, or 
something of that nature. What leads you to that particular conclusion ? 

Representative Carter. Well, I have been familiar with automobiles 
a great part of my life, and I would not have known how to take a 
panel off the back end of a bus that quickly and break the oil line. It 
takes nretty much of an experienced man. I tliink, to do it. 

^Ir. Thompson. About how quickly was it done ? 

Representative Carter. I would say it didn't take over 5 minutes, if 
that long. 

Mr. Thompson. When the second bus arrived, that was disabled 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 


Mr. Thompson. How far was it from tho liotel where you were stay- 
iii<Z to tlie convention site ? 

Representative Cakter. It was rio;ht at the entrance to the hotel. At 
this hotel there is a U-shaped drive which yon can come up and circle 
back into the street. As it reached the end 'of tlie U. tliat is where the 
first bus was disabled and then slio:htly beliind it the other one came up 
and was disabled. 

Mr. Thompson. Would you i-elate to us a little bit of the atmosphere 
there? "Were these people — wlio would appear — out of nowhere, or did 
you see people continually fi-om time to time roaminor around? 

Representative Carter. No, sir, this was in a rather lar(re group — 
a mob is what it was; that is what they wei-e. Three or four circlino; 
wouldn't have caused too much difficulty, or even a half dozen or a 
dozen, but you get 200 or ;]00 peoj^le and it is rather difficult to face 
such a mob. 

Mr. Thompson. Were large o:roups present on the streets there 
throuo-hout the convention period from time to time ? 

Representative Carter. I saw several of these groups; ves, sir, I saw 
them at the Fontainebleu and I believe they picketed the Eden Roc, too. 
and the Park, and we met — well, of course, on the day we mentioned 
there had been a larpfe group that came in, tore down the flao-s, hit Dr. 
Barton, and then left; and tliey returned as we got ready to board our 
buses, or just before that and disabled those buses. 

Mr. Thompson. Of course, you related the damage to automobiles 
an'i smnshinqf the windows and so forth ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Thompson. I would like to ask you two basic questions. Con- 
gressman, based upon your testimony and your statement. Fir't, 
whether or not, in your opinion, people, either delegates or nondele- 
gates, who would otherwise have attended the convention, stayed away 
because of these activities. 

Representative Cartp:r. I am sure that if they had seen what T did. 
knowing what was going to happen, many of them would have staved 
away. Just as many of them didn't go to the convention center that 
night because of fear, after seeing what had happened. 

Ml'. Thompson. Second, you have attended other political conven- 
tions ? 

Representative Carter. Yes. sir. 

Mr. Thompson. About how many other conventions have you at- 
tended ? 

Representative Carter. Two othei-s. 

Mr. Thompson. How would von compare the disruptive activities 
down in Miami on this occasion with the previous experience of 
political conventions? 

Representative Carter. When T was there in 1968, T saw no difficulty 
whatsover and recalled none. I was in Chicago in 1952 ; I saw no trouble 
there at that time. 

Mr. Thompson. Thank you, sir. 

I have no further questions. 

Senator Ervin. You were not in Chicago in 1968 at the Democratic 
National Convention, were you ? 

Representative Cart?:r. I heard it was a little rough. 

Senator Er\tn. I was there. 


You are a medical doctor as well as a psychiatrist? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir — I am a medical doctor. 

Senator Ervin. I always thought a practicing psychiatrist — I would 
have asked you as a psychiatrist if you can explain why people that 
engage in such conduct as these people on the occasion you have de- 
scribed, why they do it; what they think they are accomplishing by it. 

Re])resentative Carter. Well, in this case, it seemed to me that they 
wanted to keep us away from the convention. They tore down our 
flags, they wanted to terrorize people, and they were very dangerous 

Senator Ervix. I have always been una])le to comprehend why any 
human hAn<r wants to engage in conduct of that kind. 

Representative Carter. Mr. Chairman, I fully agree in view of what 
happened there. I think this is a small percentage of our people and I 
thank God for it. I do not think 4, actually, or 5 or 10 percent, but they 
are so active that any time an opportunity presents itself, they show up. 

Senator Ervix. And the same people want to deprive other people 
of their rights. Certainly, you and Mrs. Carter and the other people 
going to this dinner had a legal right to use the streets of Miami, espe- 
cially without anybody interferring; did you not? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervix. I think I trust the first amendment; I think it is 
a great part of our Constitution. It recognizes that people have a right 
to assemble and petition the Government for the redress of grievances, 
but it expressly says this right "is the right peaceably to assemble." 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervix. And a demonstration of this kind where violence is 
employed is not only a detriment to our Constitution, it is a detriment 
to our system of Government, and it has been illegal for hundreds 
and hundreds of years, ever since man emerged from the mists of 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir, I agree, sir. 

Senator Ervix. Senator Baker. 

Senator Baker. Thank you very much. 

Congressman Carter, I am happy to have you here. 

Representative Carter. Thank you, sir. 

Senator Baker. I have had the privilege of knowing you ever since 
you first come to the Congress of the United States. 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Baker. You represent the district which adjoins my home 
area of Tennessee and I am happy to say we share a common unfortified 

I was in Miami Beach, too, and I can empathize with the description 
you give. I recall, as I commented to one previous witness earlier to- 
day, that on this same occasion — I believe it was the same occasion — 
we were going to convention hall for the balloting of the convention 
nomination, that not only were your buses disabled, but I believe the 
buses of a great number of delegations were disabled up and down 
Miami Beach. Is that correct ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir ; that is correct. 

Senator Baker. I l>elieve a great number of buses — I hesitate to 
say the number — but a great number of buses were disabled and a great 
number of delegations could not reach the convention hall because of 
this vandalism. Our own bus, the Tennessee delegation, not only was 


the enofine disabled and the tires slashed, but repair vehicles called 
to haul off those buses to make room for others were blocked before, 
they could reach the hotel to take the delejration. 

In my own case, we resorted to a privat<^ car to try to reach the 
convention hall and found that it had been painted. It had been painted 
with slurrino- remarks alono; the side and the windshield wipers had 
been pulled oft'. We finally rode to the convention that nio^ht in a Ten- 
nessee Hig:hway Patrol car provided by the Go^'ernor. who was chair- 
man of our deletjation. We had a car in front and a cai- behind with 
armed policemen. I do not know how we would have gotten there except 
for that, except to walk. I think you have already pointed out that 
walking through that crowd, which probably was measured by tens 
of thousands — at least by thousands — was at l)est a risky business. 

Do you recall. Congressman, the great rows of empty derelict buses 
that the Miami Beach police put up as a barricade against these surg- 
ing throngs ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Baker. Do you remember seeing the demonstrators who 
came into the streets to block cars with their faces painted white ? 

Representative CxVrter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Baker. And they rocked cars back and forth and tore off 
windshield wipers and opened the doors to pull jieople out? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Baker. Would you say that was reasonably calculated to 
cause fear and trepidation in the hearts of people who were going to 
that convention to nominate the President? 

Representative Carter. I would say heartily, yes. 

Senator Baker. You w^ent and so did I, but it was not a very pleas- 
ant thing, was it ? 

Representative Carter. I was determined to go. 

Senator Baker. Well, it may have been pleasant for you. You floored 
one of them. 

Representative Carter. No, sir, that did not make it pleasant. I did 
aot want to. But we were determined to go. It was our constitutional 
right and we must be willing to fight for our rights, if necessary. 

Senator Baker. We do, indeed. And vou recall that on that occasion, 
when the President appeared befoi-e the convention — or the next day, 
I believe — to make his acceptance speech, to avoid that crowd, pre- 
sumably, he was brought in and out of that convention hall by heli- 
copter ? 

Representative Carter. That is my understanding; yes, sir. 

Senator Baker. Tell me, Dr. Carter, I do not want to prolong this. 
As the chairman pointed out, at least this much occurred in 1968 
against the Democratic National Convention in Chicaijo. It was an 
extremely unfortunate situation in both instances — in 1972 and 1968. 
There was great violence; there were almost uncontrollable forces at 

Representative Cartphj. Yes, sir. 

Senator Baker, There was severe and genuine danfrer to human bfe 
and the danger of in juiy, to say nothing of the intimidating force that 
demonstrations of this sort produce. I pray to God that that has not 
become part and parcel of our political prm^ess. I hope that is not 
what great national parties have to go through in order to have a 


convention and nominate their candidates for President and Vice 

I am a little at a loss about what we can do in terms of legislation. 
T su{)pose we can make national conventions a Federal event and make 
them subject to Federal jurisdiction with the law enforcement au- 
thorities. I suppose we could do that. Put there are pi-esently in 
being and in place laws and statutes of the municipalities and the 
States; and there was, in fact, a Federal presence tliere with the 
Secret Service and, I believe, with National Guard or Regular Army 
troops that were held in reserve in case things got really out of hand. 

Do you have any way to suggest how we avoid the repetition of what 
happened to the Democrats in 1968 and to Pepul)licans in 1972? 

Representative Carter. I do not think you can legislate how people 
can desire to do those things if they want to; but certainly we can 
give better protection to the pai'ticii)ants at such a convention. 

Senator Baker. To restate and underscore our resolve to function 
and perform as a poUtical entity, notwithstanding the best efforts of 
those who would disrupt it? 

Representative Carter. That is right. 

Senator Baker. And deprive us of our first amendment rights? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir. 

Senator Baker. I agree with you. I don't think there is any way 
you can legishite this. It would be my hope — I hope not my vain hope — 
that the identification of these transgressions, the illumination of these 
events, calling the public's attention to this savagei-y airainst Demo- 
crats in 1968 in Chicago and RepubUcans in 1972 in Miami Beach, 
that public attention on these, I believe, unacceptable acts, this spoil- 
ing of the stream of American politics — I believe that the identifica- 
tion of that and the illumination of it in the public's eyes will call 
attention to the undesirability of it and may serve as a deterrent force 
in the future. AVouVl you join me in hoping that is the case? 

Representative Carter. I certainlv think so. I think that, actually, 
this very effort on the part of certain people has an adverse effect on 
the i5olitical party which they happen to represent or might represent. 
I believe that it does it every time. 

Senator Baker. I think both of the ffreat national political parties 
ought to join, through their appropriate spokesmen, in a statement 
deploring that sort of conduct as a transgression against the funda- 
mental rights of American citizens in the political arena. I think that 
both our national parties ought to state clearly for all to hear that 
those who perpetrate such things are disserving any legitimate po- 
litical cause or any purpose to be served by a political party and that 
they abhor it. That has been said. I believe, by every responsible politi- 
cal officer in the Ignited States m one way or another. But I think we 
have to find a v:av to underscore and emphasize that so that certain 
conduct is off limits; that it is simplv not in the best interests of any 
candidate or any party to see a repetition of that sort of thing in the 
future. And T commend that to our two great national parties, because 
thev are both great. 

Xow, Dr. Carter. I won't go further into this situation except to 
sav that it is a paradox of sorts that you of all people in the Congress 
of the United States would be charged with being; a murderer over 


the war in Vietnam. T recall at a very, very early date in that conflict, 
I believe long before President Xixo'n was elected, you expressed your 
disapproval of American involvement in Vietnam sind you called con- 
tinuously and constantly for the withdrawal of the American pres- 
ence in Southeast Asia and you were in the very vanguard of those 
doing it. 

Were these your friends there? Were these antiwar prot-esters that 
you were awai'o of that genuinely sought the cause of peace? 

Representative Carter. I don't feel like they were genuine war pro- 
testers at all. I think they were there to disrupt, to cause trouble, and 
to prevent people from going to the convention. Certainly, they were 
not knowledgeable or they would have known the feelings of some 
of us. 

Senator Bakp:r. You didn't stop to explain that to that fellow you 
floored, though, did you? 

Representative Carter. Xo, sir, I had no time for that. 

Senator Baker. I admire you for doing that. 

Thank you. Doctor. 

Representative Carter. Thank you. 

Senator Ervin. Senator Talmadge. 

Senatoi- Talmadge. Congi-essman Carter, did this mob that you re- 
ferred to seem to be organized or spontaneous ? 

Representative Carter. I would think there was some organization 
there, Senator, though not in a military manner. But I think that, 
evidently, it had been agreed upon for them to meet ; there were so 
many of them there. 

Senator Talmadge. Did you have any idea who organized them? 

Re])resentative Carter. No, sir, I do not. 

Senator TAL:\rADGE. Do you know whether or not they were paid? 

Representative Carter. I do not. 

Senator Talmadge. Were there any police officers in the area? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir; at the Fontainebleu Hotel there 
was a cordon of them around the entrance to the hotel. I would say 100 
of them or so. 

Senator Talmadge. Did thev seem to be trying to control the situa- 
tion ? 

Representative Cartt<:r. They were standing there holding their night 
sticks like this [indicating] to keep this crowd from coming in the 
Fontainebleu Hotel. I understand that after I got in the hotel, they 
pushed these people back. They were a little late for me. 

Senator Talmadge. Was it that the mob was too large, beyond the 
control of the police officers, or that the police officers didn't exercise 
enough diligence in trying to control theui ? 

Representative Carter. They didn't do anything at tliat time. I 
understand that later they pushed them back, but evidently there 
were not too many for them to conti'ol. 

Senatoi- Talmadge. Did you hear any orders from police officers for 
them to disperse? 

Representative Carter. Not one. 

Senator Talmadge. Did you see any effort on the part of police 
officers to use tear gas to control them ? 

Representative Carter. Not at this time. We did go through tear 
gas areas, but not when we w^ent in the Fontainebleu. 


Senator TAL:\rADGK. Of course, this is most abnoi-mal foi' American 
politics. As you know, we have had some disiuptions at nearly all the 
cam]>aiirns. but I know of nothin<r on a |)ar with the Democratic Con- 
vention of 4 years aijo and the Ivepublican Convention of last year. 
What would von su'ra'est ? Law enforcement is, of course, primarily 
the responsibility of the local officers. If the local officers can't con- 
trol it, the Government sends in enough National Guardsmen for them 
to do so. 

AVas any effort made by any of the officials there to induce a more 
diliarent effort on the part of the police department to control the 
situation ? 

Representative Carter. I believe that the police department did its 
best. They were standing: there, as I told you, in militarv formation, 
you might sav, holding these batons. Evidently, they didn't think there 
was enough difficulty going on out in front to intercede. But after we 
got into the hotel, they did come through. 

Senator Talmadc.e. Did this disruption continue throughout the 
Republican Convention, or was it only the 1 day? 

Representative Carter. Oh, no, sir; this was on the first day, and 
later — on the 2od, I believe it was. 

Senator Taemadge. The same thing occurred day after day through- 
out the Republican Convention ; is that true ? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir; there were groups — mobs — going 
up and down the streets almost every da v. 

Senator TAL:NrADGE. Did anvbody contact Governor Askew to request 
the Xational Guard to control the situation ? 

Representative Carter. I tliink there were troops held out in abey- 
ance there to come in. 

Senator Talmadge. Were any troops ever there on the scene? 

Representative Carter. I never saw any ; no, sir. 

Senator Talmadge. Thank you, Congressman. I have no further 

Representative Carter. Thank you, sir. 

Senator Eratx. Senator Weicker. 

Senator "Weicker. I have no questions, sir. 

Senator Eratx. Senator Mont oya. 

Senator Moxtoya. No questions. 

Senator Er\tx'. Mr. Thompson. 

Mr. Thompsox. Congressman. I might ask vou on that one point, it 
has been widely stated, I believe, that the Miami Police Department 
did a magnificent job down there and the county police did a good job 
under the circumstances. 

Do you ascribe to that ? 

Representative Carter. Well, they certainly had the Fontainebleu 
and the Eden Roc pretty well protected. However, down at the smaller 
hotel where we were, we had no protection. I don't say that to belittle 
their efforts. By and large. T guess thev did. 

Mr. Thompsox. They had quite a large area to cover and they had 
quite a few people to cover? 

Representative Carter. Yes, sir ; that is right. 

Mr. TiroMPsox. And thev did not have to call in the National Guard ? 

Representative Carter. Not to my knowledge ; no, sir. 

Mr. Thompsox. Thank you. 


I have no further questions. 

Senator Ervin. Thank you very much. Congressman. 

Representative Carter. Thank you very much, Mr. Chairman. 

Mr. Edmisten. Mr. Chairman, the next witness is Mr. Jeremiah P. 

Senator Ervt^ist. Please raise your right hand. 

Do you solemnly swear that the testimony you are about to give to 
the Sele-^t Committee on Pi'esidential Camt:)aign Activities will be the 
truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth, so help you God? 

Mr. Sullivan. I do. 

Senator Euvix. Mr. Thompson. 

Mr. Thompson. State your full name for the I'ecord, please. 


Mr. SlTvLwan. Jeremiah P. Sullivan. 

Mr. Thompson. What is your occupation ? 

Mr. Sullivan. I am a police superintendent. Boston Police 

Mr. Thompson. How long have you been a police officer ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Thirty years, with the exception of 3 years in the 
armed services. 

Mr. Thompson. Were you on duty on October 31. 1972 ? 

Mr. Sui^LivAN. Yes, sir, I was. 

Mr. Thompson. Will you tell us whether a Republican fundraising 
dinner took place that evening in Boston ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir; it was held at the Commonwealth Armory 
on Commonwealth Avenue, Boston. 

Mr. Thompson. At the armory in Boston ? . 

Mr. Sltllivan. Yes, sir. 

Mr. Thompson. Who was the speaker at that particular event? 

Mr. Sullivan. There were many speakers, Mr. Thompson. 

Mr. Thompson. Who would you say the main attraction was? 

Mr. SuLLLVAN. Well, Mr. Nixon. 

Mr. Thompson. Mr. Nixon. Would you tell us whether a demonstra- 
tion occurred that particular evening? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir, there was. 

Mr. Thompson. Would you approximate for us about how many 
demonstrators gathered outside the armory there? 

Mr. Sullivan. Approximately 7,500. 

Mr. Thompson. Would you describe for the commiitee the march of 
the demonstrators along Commonwealth Avenue and whnt destruction 
and damage, if any, there was? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir; approximately 500 people, mostly young- 
sters, gathered in Copley Square in Boston at about 5 :10 or 5 :30 p.m. 
and started marching air ug Dartmouth Street and out Commonwealth 
Avenue. We had some r.'ports of destruction of property on the way 
up. As they passed by Boston T^niversity more young people were 
added to the crowd and through a previous arrangement we had re- 
quested those who were in charge of the group and who had requested 
a street i)ermit to go as fai" as the Boston I'niversity Bridge, to pass 
bvei- to the other side of the street, and stay on the opposite side of 
the armory. There was some destruction of property, damage to motor 
vehicles by those who marched on the way out. 


Mr. Thompsox. "What sort of property destruction, Mr. Sullivan? 

Mr. SuLLivAX. WiiulshieUl wipei's and some windshields were 
dania«red. <rouirino: of cars. dentin<j: of the hoods and the tops of auto- 
mobiles by fists apparently being pounded on automobiles. Some win- 
dows were broken in some of the buildings on the way out. 

Mr. Tho^ipsox. Was there any painting on buildings? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes. gratliti — some oh^^cenities were painted or 
sprayed on some of the buildings all the way from Copley Square 
Public Library — churches and other buiklings on the way out. 

Mr. Thompson. After the demonstrators arrived at the armory, 
what, if anything, did they do to the guests who were entering the 
dinner at the armory ^ 

Mr. Sullivan. There were obscenities by many of those who were 
restrained on the opposite side of the street. It was Halloween ; it was 
a chilly night. Many were dressed in HalloAveen costumes and there 
was an attempt to get near the guests as they entered the armory. There 
was a long line of guests waiting because there was a very tight se- 
curity check while people were entering. The celebrities, those who 
were speaking through a previous request, were permitted by us; we 
made arrangements for them to go down Gaffney Street, and some of 
the protesters did make an attempt to get near the guests. There was 
a lot of sign-carrying; much of it was anti-Vietnam war type signs, 
"Sign up now-' peace signs, and there were many obscenities: "One 
two. three, four.'" and then obscenity, ''We are against the war" ; this 
type of thing. There was a chanting by most of the people who were 
in attendance across the street from the armory. 

^ur. i"ii03iP80x. 1 liave photographs here 1 will ask you to identify 
in a moment that show the demonstrators. I see one sign here "Nixon 
sucks blood"; anti-Xixon signs also among demonstrators there. 

Mr. SuLLiVAX. Yes, sir; there was a wide variety of anti-Nixon 

Mr. Thompson'. Did some demonstrators spit on the people who 
were entering the armory then ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Not while they were entering; no, sir. When some of 
the guests were leaving later in the evening, there was spitting. 

Mr. Thompson. Y"ou mentioned a rather tight security check. Did 
the police department handle that or did the people who organized the 
dinner handle that ^ 

Mr. Sullivan. It was a combination really, an extraordinarily 
great coordination between the Secret Service, the Boston Police, 
the State Police, the ]MEC — which is similar to the Park Police here 
in Washington. The committee did have private security people in the 
armory, and so we did go on the assumption that the President him- 
self may arrive, we had a Presidential detail set up. 

Mr. Thompson. Were these ordinary security precautions under the 
circumstances for such an event, or did you expect possible trouble there 
sometime in advance ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Thev were ordinary in that we expected the possi- 
bility of the President arriving or Mrs. Nixon. In anticipation of a 
march from Coplev Square we ex]:iected that tliere mav be difficulties 
so we expected that we sliould have more than tlie usual number of of- 
ficers on the route. 

Mr. Thompson. Mr. Sullivan, while the dinner was taking place in 
that armory, did the demonstrators ever attempt to move forward or 
storm the armory at any point ? 


Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. I had explained through a prearranged 
agreement with those who led the march — we had asked them to stay 
on the other side of the median strip. In the center of Commonwealth 
Avenue there is a trolley car line l)oth inbound and outbound and there 
is a 5-foot chain-link fence. They remained there pretty nuich until 
about 9 in the evening; there was a chanting of the obscenities and 
then there came a point where we had our TPF, tactical patrol 
force, lined up immediately in front of the armory. We had the Massa- 
chusetts State Police troopers inside the fence between the armory 
doors and the fence; we had many additional officers on duty. "We had 
our canine officers ready; we had six mounted officers there for crowd 
control, and there was a surging of the crowd against the fence. The 
fence was knocked down ; they started to cross and at that point there 
was a newsman's car which we feel was mistaken for a police car. Some- 
body had written the word — sprayed the word — "Pig'' on it; that 
was firebombed and it attracted a lot of attention back toward the 
direction of the car. Our officers started to repel the crowd back away 
from the armory. There was much chanting: "Let's get in. Let's go 
through the doors. We're going in.'' 

Fortunately, the explosion incident seemed to separate the crowd. 
Our officers took advantage of it, and used as a wedge some of our 
TPF and regular officers to move the youngsters up Commonwealth 
Avenue and down Commonwealth Avenue. It just about broke the 
back of whatever was going to happen in the takeover of the armory, 
although many of them, about 1.500 to 2,000, remained in the immedi- 
ate vicinity of the armory. The others went back in town toward Cop- 
ley Square and the rest headed outbound. 

Mr. Thompson. Had you not taken ))recautions, would there have 
been a i^ossibility of the armory being taken over by these people ? 

Mr. SuLLWAN. There is no question about it. 

Mr. Thompson. Did you learn or did you know of any other fire- 
bombings of automobiles other than the one of the reporter that you 
mentioned ? 

Mr. SiTLLiVAN. Yes, sir. Shortly after what I have just described 
there was a taxicab that was also firebombed. We called for the de- 
partment of public woi'ks street-cleaning equipment; thei-e was a lot 
of glass in the streets, and we had to clean the streets for the guests at 
the dinner so they would be able to drive away with their motor 

Mr. Thompson. Were there any injuries to police officers as a result 
of their demonstration ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir; we had nine police officers who were injured. 

Mr. Thompson. Would you desci'ibe the tvpe of injuries? 

Mr. Sullivan. We had some minor injuries. We had one photog- 
rapher knocked down — w^as hit in the face and had a broken nose. 
He said it was a spike, but wasn't sure of the type of missile; his 
85-millimeter camera was smashed. We had mounted officers who were 
injured; their ankles and their calves were sti'uck with missiles. We 
had reports of sharp implements l)eing stuck into the buttocks of some 
of the horses, and the dogs were being taunted. Such events was taking 

Mr. Thompson. Would you describe what happened to the guests as 
they were leaving? 

Mr, Sullivan. Yes, sir. 


Some of the <xiiests started to leave early. Apparently they had heard 
rumors inside that there had been a demonstration outside. The officers 
inside and outside were reassurino- them that they were safe. By this 
time the crowd had subsided quite a bit. There was still some chant- 
ing; there were still some of the obscenities. Because of the redeploy- 
ment of the officers— I had to redeploy them in both directions up and 
down Commonwealth Avenue — some of those costumed, especially the 
costumed, Halloween youngsters started to move in close to the guests 
and were heaping obscenities and epithets on them and there was some 
spitting at some of tlie guests as they were passing through. Some 
of the guests personally requested me and other officers for an escort 
to their car, and this was taken care of. 

Mr. TiiOMPSOx. Did you receive any reports at the scene of the 
demonstration from either guests or officers as to the damage or de- 
struction of automobiles or other personal property of the guests w^ho 
were at the dinner? 

Mr. SuLLivAx. Yes, sir. Some of it was official ; that was brought to 
our attention and reports were taken. I have copies of these reports 
here. Many of the guests merely indicated that they had reported to 
their insurance companies; many of them came back and indicated that 
their aerials were ripped off, windshield wipers were ripped off', dented 
cars, Avindshields were damaged, and tliis kind of damage. 

Mr. Thompsox. Eeports of slashing of tires ? 

Mr. SuLLivAx. Yes, sir, slashing of tires. We had businessmen report 
plate glass windows were smashed in by demonstrators or those who 
had been intending to cross the street or leaving the immediate area. 

Mr. Thompsox. I will show you three photographs now which I have 
shown to counsel, if you would please identify those three photographs, 
and you can hold them up to the committee as you refer to them. 

]Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. This, Mr. Thompson, is a photograph of a 
Boston police photographer lying on the ground and he is being 
protected by three or four of our TPF tactical patrol officers. His 
camera is lying in the street ; there is a sign at his head — protecting 
his head — which says "Sign it now." 

The second photograph would indicate to me — our officere repelled 
tlie crowd when they started to surge across toward the armory doors — 
the fear expressed in the faces of some of the people avIio are trying 
to break away. At approximately that time there w^as the firebombing 
of the car. 

The tliird photograph indicates the newsman's car that had the 
word "pig" written on tlie side of it, and apparently they had mis- 
taken the newsman's aerial for a police aerial. That might have been 
the reason for it but that is the newsman's car on fire almost directly 
across the street from the front of the armory. 

Mr. Thompsox. Mr. Chairman, I would move tliese photographs 
be made a part of the record. 

Senator Ervix. Let the record show that the photographs will be 
received in exidence as exhibits and appropriately numbered as such. 

[The documents referred to were marked exhibits Nos. 253, 254, and 

Mr. Thompsox. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. I have no further ques- 
tions. Thank you, Mr. Sullivan. 

*See pp. 5031-5033. 


Senator Ervin. Mr. Lenzner. 

Mr. Lenzner. Thank you, Mr. Chainnan. 

Mr. Sullivan, did the department receive any inte^lioence prior to 
this demonstration that indicated there was o^oini^ to be a plan to dis- 
rupt the appearances at the dinner or create disturbances and violence? 

Mr. Stru^ivAN. Yes, sir. There were some intelligence reports in 
connection with it. One woman who indicated that she had — a lady of 
an ad hoc committee called "A Penny a Plate." Slie did come forward 
and we cooperated with her in or^anizine; the program as well as we 
possibly could. We supplied two motor vehicles to escort the parade 
up Commonwealth Avenue which made our jol)S just a little bit easier, 
althouorh we feel that a lot of agitators participated in it, and that 
hadn't been planned on. 

The People's Coalition for Peace and Justice, we wei-e told by our 
intelligence office, would be in attendance. The Greater Boston Peace 
Action Coalition woukl also be partici])ating; and the Students for a 
Democratic Society would also be evidenced at this. There would be 
some attempt for guerrilla action and we should anticii:)ate this, which 
was exactly the language that came through in our intelligence reports. 

Mr. Lenzner. From your occupation and from your observation as 
a police officer, was there evidence that the disruptions and violence 
that took place were planned — that is, coordinated and planned vio- 
lence and disruptions ? 

Mr. Sullivan. The parade itself, or the group that marched cer- 
tainly was organized — all except approximately 1,800 who were al- 
ready at the armory when they arrived. 

Mr. Lenzner. When the acts of violence took place, did it appear to 
be prearranged that people had gotten together and organized them- 
selves to conduct this ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Much of it seemed spontaneous, sir ; yes, sir. 

Mr. Lenzner. Can you tell me this : Was there any investigation 
afterward — criminal investigation — to determine whether there was 
a conspiracy or agreement to create violence and cause damage ^ 

Mr. Si^LLiVAN. Yes; our intelligence office looked into this prior to 
and after the Republican dinner and we found no information and no 
evidence of a conspiracy in connection with it. There were 10 arrests 
made for disorderly persons — drunkenness, assault and battery with 
a dangerous weapon, assault of a police officer — but beyond that, we 
found no evidence of any coordinated conspiracy on the part of those; 
no, sir. 

Mr. Lenzner. I think you testified that had it not been for the one 
violent act, the act of firebombing. that your personnel would have had 
trouble maintaining appropriate order there. Is that a problem of not 
having adequate personnel? In other words, would you have needed 
substantially additional numbers to control the situation? 

IVIr. Sullivan. No. sir. I am confident that we did have sufficient per- 
sonnel on hand at that time and if we hadn't I am afraid we would 
have had serious iniurv and possibly death that niofht. 

Mr. Lenzner. Well, as a law enforcement official, maybe you can 
help us because there has been a concern over the years of public figures 
being unable to appear in public and to make speeches and appear at 
rallies and other public events without fearing that a demonstration is 
either going to make it impossible or cause injury to individuals at 
public events. 


Do you have any suggestions or ideas on either law enforcement 
or what the Congress can do to insure that these activities don't con- 
tinue in the way thev have ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. I recall when John Kennedy appeared at 
Boston College, he was a very difficult individual to protect ; the Secret 
Service men and our own office in the Boston Police Department and 
the Newton Police — we had Senator McGovern in Boston on two occa- 
sions. That went on almost without incident, although it required a 
tremendous number of police officers to protect him and his guests at 
that time. 

The first rally took place in Post Office Square; we took every pre- 
caution on the windows and wherever there might be a vantage point, 
and it does require so manv extra forces and draining of normal 
policing units that we have throughout the citv. In this particular case 
I am positive that we supplied to the Republican dinner committee 
up there every ounce of police protection we did in connection with 
any other Presidential candidate or President that ever came into our 
cities. It is no easv problem. They must be with the people ancl deal 
■with them. Even the crowd of 8,000 who were present that night in the 
streets. I am sure that many of them were young curiosity seekers; 
they wanted to see their President or the President's wife, or Vice 
President xVgnew ; they were probably seeing the President for the first 
time. And then, of course, the agitatoi"s take advantage of these situa- 

We don't like to have our police officers there with their helmets and 
shields on. We would prefer to have them in the same type of uniform 
that these officers are in, in this caucus room now. So, I have no easy 
solution, but I have a recommendation to make, and that would be — on 
this particular occasion when we were planning this event, I personally 
suggested that the President, or whoever it was — Mrs. Nixon or Vice 
President Agnew— be brought in by helicopter. It would have made our 
motorcade coverage so much easier. It would have provided greater 
safety for them. They talked about bringing them into the Bedford 
Airport, which eventually they did do. Had they brouo-ht them into the 
Logan Airport we would have had problems in escorting them across 
the city — setting up traffic, including, probablv, the newsmen's buses 
who came along, especially. They are the high ride buses. We don't 
have the underpasses to accommodate them and there is some danger 
of having the roofs sheared off and losing a number of newsmen. 

I am saying these are some of the things that have to go into the 
planning, and the recommendation that I have is — since it was Hal- 
loween night, most of the officers who were on that particular detail 
might have otherwise been detailed throughout the city watching the 
little goblins running around tricking or treating from door to door. 
So it is a tremendously costly thing for the local government, and I 
would recommend Federal legislation to have the Federal Government 
defray the costs in events such as these. 

Mr. Lexzxer. I tliink — and I may he wrong about this — that some 
of the funds from the Law Enforcement Assistance Agency have been 
made available to local iurisdictions for riot control or crowd control. 
Has your department obtained any of these funds ? 

Mr. Sfllivax. Not for ]iersonnel costs or overtime costs. Yes, sir, for 
riot control and training. We have appreciated that. 


Mr. Lenzner. But your suggestion would be, for specific events, to 
be able to increase your personnel to an adequate level ; to have the 
Government defray the expenses for that ad hoc situation — the specific 
demonstration that you need extra help on 'i 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. For the protection of the political figures 
that are coming, because so many rumors had spread on who was going 
to be the speaker or who was going to arrive, and these youngsters 
wanted to see some of the prominent political figures. They just simply 
could not get that close. We would not permit them for the safety 
of the ])olitical figures who were going to appear that night. 

Mr. Lexzner. If you had sufficient intelligence prior to the event, 
is it feasible to obtain some kind of injunction against the leaders of 
the group that you had evidence had an intention to disrupt or provoke 
violence? Is -that feasible? 

Mr. Sullivan. Well, I do not know. I have listened to so many of 
these hearings that I am getting the feeling that I know so many of 
the board here. I sort of like Senator Ervin's first amendment descrip- 
tion of the right to peaceably assemble. I think we could run into real 
problems trying to determine who would not have the right. We 
would have almost have to find out exactly what they were going to 
do before they did it and I do not think they are going to tell you 
this. They are going to come before you and they are going to say: 
"This will be a peaceful assembly." Tliey may be very conscientious and 
honest about it when they tell you. We accept their word for it. Street 
permits for parades are allowed. Then it gets out of hand, and we 
wonder why. I think that would be very difficult to determine. 

Mr. Lenzner. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. That is all I have. 

Senator Ervin. Senator Baker. 

Senator Baker. I have no questions. 

Senator Ervin. Mr. Sullivan, a situation like that is very difficult for 
the police to handle, is it not ? 

Mr. SiTixivAN. Yes; it is. 

Senator Ervin. In the first place, as you have pointed out, you not 
only have in the group, maybe, people who have been disrupting the 
occasion, but you also have a grouii of other people — law-abiding peo- 
ple — who come out of a sense of curiosity. 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervin. And the disrupters are very frequently mixed up 
w4th the law-abiding people who are there for nothing except for good 

Mr. Sullivan. They feel they would like to see their leaders. 

Senator Ervin. And as you point out very well, the difficulty of deal- 
ing with a situation like this is, a lot of times you do not know that 
there is going to be violence; that the demonstration is peaceful luitil 
some candidate or impoi'tant individual appears on the scene? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervin. Then it suddenly erupts and suddenly starts? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervin. In addition to that, the police have to necessarily 
delay taking action until the demonstration does become disoi-derly; 
because otherwise, they would be accused of suppressing the right of 
peonle to assemble. 

Mr. Sullivan. They must exercise restraint. 


Senator Eratx. And the people are anxious to avoid precluding 
anybody, including- the disrupters; therefoi-e, they cannot use their 
most effective weapons, which are fii-earms. 

Mr. SuLLivAX. Yes. 

Senator Ervix. So they have to exercise, as much as possible, re- 
straint; reenforcing their employees, possibly. 

Mr. SuLLivAX. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervix. So you characterize this grou^^ in Boston on that 
occasion as l>eing a violent and unruly mob — turned into a violent and 
unruly mob? 

"Siv. SrLLivAx. It was a combination of both. Senator. I think, as I 
sav, there were youngsters there who simply wanted to see their leader. 
They wanted to see the people who were attending this dinner. I am 
sure' in all of these demonstrations — we have had sometimes 100,000 
people walk down Commonwealth Avenue to Boston Common. We 
have been able to monitor them ; we have met with them, and there 
was little or no incident. But the thing that the law enforcement 
officer always fears is the individual, the agitator, who will start 
throwing rocks, and the shoving and the pushing, and then we are in 
trouble ; because oftentimes the police officer will grab the wrong per- 
son. I think the very fact that there was not a single charge of })olice 
brutality against the Boston police, the State police, or any other law 
enforcement officer in connection with this is some indication of the 
restraint shown by the officers. 

Senator ER^^x. AVere there not indications that a lot of the violence 
was agitated and brought about by protest against the Vietnam war? 

Mr. SuLLivAx. Yes, sir. 

Senator Ervix'. And that has l^een a great calamity to our country, 
has it not; the ease with whicli })eople. especially young i)eople, could 
be stirred into conduct of the kind you describe on account of the Viet- 
nam war? 

Mr. Sui.LiVAX^. Yes, sir. 

Senator ER^^x^ Well, I want to connnend vou on the action the po- 
lice took on this occasion. I do not know a harder jol) you can have 
than for a police officer to try to deal with such a situation as this. 

Mr. Sfllivax. Thank you. 

Senator Ervix. Senator Weicker. 

Senator Weicker. Just a few conunents, if I might. 

First of all, let me say this. As your neighbor to the west, I have 
spent many wonderful times in Massachusetts, and more pai-ticularly 
the city of Boston. You have a very fine police force. 

Mr. SrLLr\^\x'. Thank you. sir. 

Senator Weicker. As you well know, Xew Englanders are the ones 
who expressed themselves long before the Vietnam war, in fact, even 
more so 

Mr. SuLEivAX'. They do that sometimes. 

Senator Weicker. How many arrests were made on that particular 
evening ? 

Mr. SfLEivAX'. There were 10 arrests made in the immediate vicin- 
ity of the armoiT, Senator. Then as the crowd headed back downtown, 
there were approximately 10 more arrests in isolated areas — on Bea- 
con Street. Xewbury Street. Commonwealth Avenue, and other areas — 
for vandalism and the breaking of windows. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


Senator Weicker. Would you not say that one of tlie difficulties 
that we have, or rather that the police have in mob situations such as 
this is that democracy is a very inefficient system under which to go 
ahead and control a mob ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir, it certainly is. 

Senator Weicker. And that is so because we still put a great pre- 
mium on the rights of each individual. 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. 

Senator Weicker. And certainly, on the other hand, there is not one 
person in this room who does not frown on and condemn violence in the 
pursuit of any goal in this country. No matter how great the goal, it 
has no place and should have no place in our society. 

Mr. Sullivan. That is right. 

Senator Weicker. So this is the matter that has to be resolved. I 
sometimes worry during the course of these hearings, and with the 
experience of the late sixties and early seventies in mind, whether 
or not the American people w^ill still lay a greater premium on having 
a democracy or whether they will lay a greater premium on having 
peace and quiet. Because peace and quiet, you know as an enforcement 
officer, can be obtained, but at what I think is too stiff a price, if you 
will, for individual liberties. Does not this cross your mind sometimes, 
this very precarious balance between your duties and the protection 
of the citizenry? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes. sir. 

Senator Weicker. Certainly, I think that both of us would agree 
that in no set of circumstances is violence an excuse in any manner, 
shape, or form for lawbreaking of any kind. 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir. 

Senator Weicker. So the problem is not going to go away as we 
continue our examination. It would seem to me we are always going 
to be confronted with trying to insure the rights of every American 
and at the same time to insure that lawbreaking will be dealt with 
under the law. 

Do you know, of these arrests, how many convictions were obtained ? 

Mr. Sullivan. I do not have the disi^osition. It was approximately 
1 week after these cases were brought. I was hurriedly notified yester- 
day to come. Senator. I did not get tlie notification. I^sually, in cases 
of this nature, they probably would have been filed in the court. 

Senator Weicker. But you would say, would you not, that insofar as 
threatening an individual or throwing a firebomb, imposing or threat- 
ening physical violence, that the laws are on the books, are they not ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, they are. 

Senator Weicker. There is not a question in that area of achieving 
anything further. In Boston or Miami or wherever in the United 
States, these matters of physical harm and property damage, et cetera, 
are well covered by the law. 

Mr. Sullivan. We have sufficient legislation in that area ; yes, sir. 

Senator Weicker. I would su])pose, then, it is up to the leadership 
of our communities or our States in this country to go ahead and make 
a clear case for the fact that we can all disagree, but we do so within 
the bounds of the law and that lawbreaking in any form is not to be 
tolerated. That probably would be the greatest hel}) to you as a police 
officer, would it not ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir; it certainly would. 


Senator Weicker. Thank you very much. 

Senator P]rvix. Senatoi- Montoya. 

Senator ^Montoya. Mr. Chairman, I just have one or two questions. 

Chief Sullivan, you are the first police chief who has appeared be- 
fore this committee, and you represent the law enforcement a^jency of 
one of the bio- cities of the country. How many police did you have 
available close to the armory in case anything- would happen ? 

Mr. SuLLivAX. P^ither directly or indirectly, we had approximately 
400 men in connection with this detail. Senator. 

Senator Montoya. And if this ci-owd decided to come throu^jh and 
accelerate the initial thrust with perhaps assault and violence, w^ould 
you have been able to control that crowd with 400 men ? 

Mr. SuLi.ivAX. Yes, sir, we feel that we would. 

Senator Moxtoya. How would you have controlled them ? 

Mr. SuLLiVAX. AVe had sufficient manpower in our well -trained, ex- 
ceptionally well trained Boston Police Force tactical unit for crowd 
control and the State ti'oopers with their own tactical patrol. There 
was a larcre number of officers inside the armory, both Boston Police 
plainclothes officers and State police plainclothes officers and troopers 
in uniform, so that the crowd inside was well protected as well as those 

"We did anticipate difficulty up at the armory. That was the reason 
we had our canine units there. They are very, very helpful. We don't 
like to use them unless we absolutely have to, but in a case like this, 
we had them on hand, and when the dogs started barking- and snarl- 
ino;. the crowds started movino; back, and the mounted officers are very, 
very effective in connection with crowd control. 

As I wanted to describe before, many of those who were on the other 
side of the street probably, we felt, were just simply curiosity seekers. 
So we probably would have been able to contain those members of the 
crowd that actually did have in mind storming the armory. 

Senator Moxtoya. I think you did a tine job. Have you given any 
thought to any deterrent measures in this kind of situation, when a 
President comes in to visit a cit v 'i 

Mr. Sullivan. I almost think, Senator, we would have to follow pre- 
cisely the same planning and implementation of our alert mobilization 
plan in connection witli such an event. 

There is one thing that I do wish, that political figur'^s would give 
us more advance knowledge, at least to the local jiolice and to the Secret 
Service, if possible. I realize the safety of political figures is very im- 
portant, but we have to have as much advance information for prepara- 
tion as we possibly can to coordinate it. I think one of the things that 
could have happened some years ago was to sit down and meet with 
some of the marchers and ask them to cooperate. But this is a new look 
in connection with mob control, and where we are able to do it — 
actually lead them to wherever they are o-oing — this is most helpful. 
We need the advance information and intelligence in order to be able 
to do tlie^e things. 

Senator ]\[oxtoya. T am thinking of the uncontrolled crowds or dem- 
onstrators in Miami- Thev weren't controlled by the police there, as 
the testimony shows us here this afternoon. 

Mr. Surxn-Ax. Eight, sir. 

Senator Moxtoya, I am thinkinqf in terms of the possibility of 
violence in San Diego, and this is why the Republican convention site 


was chang;ed. Xow, what do you consider as a proper measure of pn 
caution and deterrence in the future to protect Presidential candidate; 
and also to insure the proper conduct of national conventions? Do you 
have anything by way of suggestions along theee lines? 

i\Ir. Sullivan. As to conventions, we have never had a Presidential 
national convention in Boston. In my estimation, that would be a very 
difficult one to handle. But so far as we in law enforcement are con- 
cerned, sir, wo need the entire coordination of every single possible law 
enforcement agency, Federal, State, and local. The FBI was very help- 
ful to us in connection with this, the Secret Service, the State Police, 
the Park Police, our own ])olice officers, any police agency whatsoever 
in the immediate area. Oftentimes in a city like Boston, we find as 
many as 20 or 80 diiferent police departments. We need all the help 
and coordination we can get. 

It must be headed up by one individual, as it was in Florida, pre- 
paring Floi'ida. But there must be the feeder lines from all of those 
who are participating, from either side of the aisle, to let us all know 
what is goino; on so we can all be in step in connection with it. 

As for motorcades through a city, such as the one I described in 
connection with Senator McGovern, these are verv. very difficult to 
police, because it came after we left the airi:)ort. We came along 
Kneeland Street and now we are on the main street of Boston, Wash- 
ington Street, and they decided to ^et into an open car. Well, this is the 
choice of the political figures themselves and there is always the danger 
of individuals being up on the buildings. It happened on another 

As for the immediate area where the rally is going to take place, we 
did, we took extraordinary precautions in the immediate area of the 
armory itself where this dinner took place. We went in and we made a 
personal survey of every single room in that building. We checked 
every single door. We wanted to know what was behind every door. As 
political figures were coming in, there was going to be no danger of 
somebody stepping out. We made sure that we posted officers at every 
single entrance or exit. 

We ringed the building, the railroad tracks and even the State high- 
way just beyond, to make sure there was no one who didn't belong 

Boston University has an administration building that is adjacent 
to the armory. We placed officers up on the roofs and at vai'ious win- 
dows, stratep-ic areas where somebody micfht find himself. 

We placed officers on Gaffney Street where there were windows that 
looked into the VIP room where some of the celebrities might be before 
they went into the main hall. All of these things were done, but they 
had to be done with the coordination of the police officials and the plan- 
ning agencies, whoever was connected with it, including private se- 
curity agencies, who were most helpful in connection with this. 

Senator Montoya. And you feel that if you had adequate notice, you 
could have handled a Presidential visit more adequately ? 

Mr. Sullivan. Yes, sir, I think we could have done a much better 

Senator Montoya. That is all. 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Ervin. Any further questions ? 

[No response.] ,, 


Senator P^rvix. Thank you veiy nuich, Mr. Sullivan. 

Mr. SuivLivAx. It is an honor. 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, I believe this witness completes our 
witness roster for todav. Since it is only -'5 ■'20 in the afternoon and we 
have a little time before adjourmnent for the day, I think it mijrht be 
appropriate to bring up a matter that the connnittee has discussed and 
I brouo-ht up previously in executive sessions, including the executive 
session this morning. 

The committee has continued for some time now to take proof on a 
wide range of allegations and charges. I understand our transcript now 
exceeds 8 million words. The likelihood that we are going to be able 
to finish these hearings and do justice to the mandate required by 
Senate Resolution 60 by February 28, at the rate we are going, is small 
at the moment. 

Now, in the course of this committee's function, the staff — that is, 
the majoritv and the minority staff— I believe, we'll agree, has worked 
together and worked pretty \vell. We have produced committee wit- 
nesses and avoided the temptation to produce Republican or Demo- 
cratic witnesses. They have been committee witnesses. I think that 
almost without exception, the interrogation of the witnesses has been 
remarkably free of partisan flavor. 

Bui we have reached a point now where there is a great body of 
proof that has been developed by the staff that will require a great 
deal of time to put in the record by oral testimony. I am advised ijy 
the staff that they have sworn interviews of some 40 witnesses dealing 
with a wide range of subject matter, but much similar to the testi- 
mony we heard today, that is, testimony of acts of violence, of dis- 
ruption, of hurled epithets, broken windows, of splattered paint, 
slashed tires, and a mmiber of other things. 

What the affidavits do not do, in most instances, is lay this to the 
feet of a particular person or particular group. But they are acts of dis- 
ruption of the most sensitive of all the democratic processes, the elec- 
tive system. I think this record would be incomplete without that 

The flrst paragraph of the resolution which created this committee 
provides, as I read earlier in today's hearings, for the establishment of 
a select committee of the Senate to conduct an investigation and study 
of the extent, if any, to which illegal, improper, or unethical activities 
were engaged in by any persons, acting individually or in combination 
with otiiei-s, in the Presidential election of 1972 or any campaign, can- 
vass, or other activities related thereto. I tried to make it very clear 
in my examination of at least one and I think other witnesses today, and 
I have previously tried to make it very clear when I did not know of 
a connection. 

I restated to one witness today the burden of his testimony was free 
of the allegation that it was caused, orchestrated, or planned by the 
Democratic National Committee or the committee to elect Senator 
McGovern President or anything else. But the irreducible minimum 
fact was that serious disruptions took place and this committee's juris- 
diction certainly extends to that, notwithstanding that in many in- 
stances, we cannot prove who planned or imdertook those things. 

So. rather than offer to the committee 40 witnesses, which would get 
us well past the time when the snow flies in this citv and probably be- 
yond the time when Senate Resolution 60, decrees that we file our final 


report — rather than sit through a great number of witnesses whose 
testimony in many instances woukl be repetitious, in some instances 
without identification — I propose, as you know, Mr. Chairman, that 
sworn affidavits be submitted for the record and received with the full 
understanding that affidavits of a witness not subject to cross-examina- 
tion and taken by the stail present a problem of sorts. Committee mem- 
bers, I believe in every instance, certainly in most, have not inter- 
vieAved these witnesses personally. We have depended on staff to 
do that under oatli, with the full understanding that if any affiant's 
statement, if any affidavit is called into question or if there is any 
further elaboration of points covered by the affidavit, it may be wished 
by any member of the committee that that witness might be recalled 
for further elaboration or for cross-examination. 

So, from the 40 applications, I have winnowed it to 30 affidavits 
which I intend to offer for the record today. I will not read those papers. 
That would put a considerable burden on the committee's time and on 
this record. 

I will offer them, together with a brief description of the subject 
matter we deal with. Mr. Chairman, the affidavits I ask be printed 
as a part of the record as we will have them duplicated for^ — they have 
already been delivered to members of the committee. They will be 
available for anyone who wants them as a public document. 

Senator Ervin. I might state that I have read all of the affidavits 
and I have consulted with all of the members and they have airreed 
with me that it is in the interest of time to receive these affidavits. These 
affidavits certainly show that there was a lot of — there were violent 
demonstrations during the Presidential election of 1972. It shows that 
there were a lot of very reprehensible things done at various political 
headquarters. However, there are one or two of the affidavits that I 
w^ould say, like the one of Dr. Lundgron, a physician, former physician 
of the President, which recounts some burglaries which it seems to me 
do not connect with the Presidential election of 1972 except perhaps 
by surmise. 

There is one affidavit about two or three parties in Manchester, N.H., 
who set off a bomb in police headquarters, who said they belonged 
to the Peoples Liberation Army. I don't believe that is quite connected. 

But I will say this. So many of these affidavits show that a lot of 
demonsti'ations occurred, or in which they took part in, were largely 
due to dissatisfaction with the Vietnam war. But I want to conunend 
people who drew the affidavits because the affidavits state the facts and 
where they do not state facts, where they state conclusions of the 
witness, the people who drew the affidavits took pains to state that 
fact. I have never seen a set of affidavits more fairly drawn in that 
respect than these affidavits. 

I think in the interest of time I might state further that I am glad 
to note that there is nothing in any of the affidavits to show that any 
of the candidates for President or the Presidential nomination coun- 
tenanced any of these events. But these affidavits, with the exception 
of the one or two I mentioned, are certainly competent, the evidence 
in them is competent under our resolution. I think it is greatly to the 
interest of the committee and its work to put them into evidence rather 
than bring these witnesses here, because what they recount, as a rule, 
is very roughly what we are inquiring into and will save a great deal 


of time. At the same time, by putting them in the record, they will be 
available to anybody who wants to study the record. 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, thank you very much. 

Now, at the very befjinning before I make my brief description — 
it is not so brief, it will take about 15 minutes — ^before I make my 
description of the affidavits just for housekeeping purposes, I would 
ask that the 30 affidavits that have been delivered to the members 
of the committee and which will be delivered to the reporter, be 
identified, and received in evidence as exhibits to this record. 

Thank you, Mr. Chairman. 

Mr. Thompson. I might clarify what the Senator said. The packet 
which Senator Ervin had be 'ore him, I believe, contained 40 affidavits. 
I believe Senator Baker has selected 30 of those. If they had all been 
examined I would assume we will make all 40 of them part of the 

Senator Ervix. You say they deal with only 30 subjects but there 
must be 40, maybe 45, so let them all come in. 

Senator Baker. Whatever it is, I want them put in the record, 
Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Ervix. Without objection and by the consent of the entire 
committee, that is so ordered, and they will be appropriately num- 
bered for the purposes of the record as before. 

[The documents referred to were marked exhibits Nos. 256-1 
thi-ough '256-tO.*] 

Senator Baker. Mr. Chairman, I would like to say — if I may — 
in the course of our investigation, matters have been brought to our 
attention which reflect on the supporters of both major candidates. 
Certain other matters have been brought to our attention which indi- 
cate that both parties w^ere subjected to improper activities by persons 
acting individually or in combination with others, although in some 
instances the perpetrators of these activities are not known. 

Some of these actions have taken the form of violence against 
campaign headquarters. Some have taken the form of violent demon- 
strations which in some instances prevented others from exercising 
their constitutional rights to assemble and express their political 

It is not our purpose to imply a connection between these activities 
and any candidate or campaign worker if the facts do not merit such 
a conclusion. 

It seems to me that at this point in our proceedings there are two 
primary considerations. First, to make sure that the investigation is 
a full one, and that the record is complete with regard to this type 
activity; and, second, that we move as expeditiously as possible. I 
see no useful purpose in spending several days in calling numerous 
witnesses who will provide repetitious testimony in this area. 

Therefore, Mr. Chairman, five witnesses have been called today and, 
with the committee's permission, which has now been granted, I 
will summarize portions of other evidence which would have taken 
many days to present through live testimony. The information which 
I will relate is supported by sworn affidavits which I will submit to be 
placed in the record. The information covers several categories and 
areas of inquiry. 

*For description and location of exhibits, see contents pages. 


I will begin with information relating to the FBI, an organization 
which has provided this country with the finest law enforcement 
agency in the world for these many years. We have heard testimony in 
open hearings as well as statements in the press wuth regard to the 
proper function of the FBI, both in the past and at present. Mr. Chair- 
man, during our investigation, information has come to this committee 
which raises serious questions with regard to the FBI in its utilization 
now or in the past. Tliis information has to do with the use of the FBI 
in ways possibly other than contemplated by statute. 

But, Mr. Chairman, there are obvious jurisdictional problems we 
would have in pursuing these matters, and possibly claims of national 
security, to say nothing of the impact that it might have on that fine 
law enforcement agency which is the FBI, just as it has been and still, 
I trust, is, of a high level of esprit de corps and, therefore, I suggest, 
Mr. Chairman, that matters in that category instead of being made 
part of this record, be referred to the appropriate jurisdictional 
committee of the Senate for their determination according to their 
jurisdiction according to the Standing Rules of the Senate. 

Mr. Chairman, we have heard testimony concerning the use of 
spies or operatives who were placed in the opposing party's camps 
during the 1972 campaign. Of concern to this committee is not only the 
nature of this activity but the extent of it, including the extent to 
which it is acceptable in a political campaign. It seems that, had it 
not been for the last-minute veto of Senator McGovern, Democratic 
nominee for the Presidency, such an operative might have been placed 
aboard Vice President Agnew's campaign plane by high McGovern 
campaign officials but Senator McGovern, to his credit, did veto that 
and it did not occur so far as we know. 

It was suggested in the affidavit of Mr. Richard Cohn,* that a Mr. 
Van Dyk suggested the project and that a salary was established and 
that Mr. Stewart Mott was approached and agreed to finance the en- 
deavor. But I reiterate, Senator McGovern vetoed the plan and it was 
not carried into effect. The very fact that it became part of political 
consideration in a Presidential campaign bears on two important 
issues. One, the question of how often this occurs and to what extent 
and, two, how things of this sort may occur without reaching the 
attention of the candidate or the principal manager of the campaign. 
In this case it did. In other cases I suspect it may not. 

In Oklahoma, the affidavit of Jim Rodriguez** relates the events 
concerning a November 3 demonstration in Tulsa during which the 
President was shouted down so that he was unable to continue his 
speech. The affidavit also relates that the McGovern coordinator, who 
was a leader of the demonstration, told Rodriguez that he, the 
McGovern coordinator, had the right to prevent the President from 
speaking. Two additional affidavits relate the events surrounding 
the November 3 demonstration and describe the McGovern supporters' 
activities in ripping down signs and causing various disruptions. 
They also relate that this demonstration was highly organized and 
planned well in advance with the demonstrators supplied with 
professionally made signs. 

From Maine, the affidavit of Alexander C. Ray,*** describes the 

♦See exhibit No. 256-37. p. 5182. 

•*See exhibit No. 256-32, p. 5170. 

***See exhibit No. 256-14, p. 50S4. . : , ...... ... •'. 


April 28, 1972, demonstration at the Vice President's appearance in 
Auo:iista. The demonstration featured shouted obscenities, the throw- 
iuff^of phistie bags filled with tomato juice, and the physical attack on 
the Vice President's automobile which was described in the press as 
"one of— the Vice President's— closest calls as far as physical violence 
is concerned." 

In New York, five or more demonstrations occurred during the 
Presidential campaign. These demonstrations were marked by the 
throwing of red paint on Nixon volunteers and the dumping of bags 
of cockroaches in the Nixon headquarters. 

In West Virginia, during an October 24 demonstration in Morgan- 
town, the demonstrators attempted to shout down the speech of 
Tricia Nixon Cox. 

In Ohio, several demonstrations occurred in Columbus near the 
Ohio State campus. During one of the demonstrations, a rock was 
hurled at and struck the back window of Vice President Agnew's 
car and guests at the fund-raising dinner at which the Vice President 
spoke were spit upon and subjected to shouted obscenities. 

According to the affidavit of Miss Toni B. Greenwood,* on October 
12, 1972, M-hen she was office manager for the Washington office of 
Democrats for Nixon, 75 to 100 people in the office took over the office 
and proceeded to tear down Nixon campaign posters. Nixon campaign 
material was destroyed, typewriters and other office equipment were 
damaged, and office supplies were taken. The demonstrators also 
made a number of long distance telephone calls while they were there. 
She states she found travel vouchers which indicated that buses or 
reimbursement for gasoline had been provided to transport some of 
the demonstrators from as far away as Philadelphia and Baltimore. 
Approximately 6 hours later, most of the demonstrators departed 
the office leaving pro-McGovern literature in the headquarters. 
Metropolitan Police arrested 20 demonstrators who remained. 

In Wyoming, the November 2 speech of Vice President Agnew 
at Cheyenne was continually interrupted by the demonstrators shout- 
ing obscenities and the drowning out of the Vice President's speech 
by the use of whistles. 

' From Atlanta, Ga., three affidavits describe a large organized 
demonstration that occurred at the President's appearance at the 
Regency Hyatt House. At this demonstration, the President's plans 
were disrupted and he canceled his plans to make a brief address. 

Tlie 1972 Presidential campaign spa^^^led two massive demon- 
strations in the city of San Francisco. The first occurred on May 12, 
1972, outside the St. Francis Hotel where Governors Reagan and 
Rockefeller were addressing the "Victorv 72" meeting of the Cali- 
fornia Republican Central Committee. This demonstration featured 
anti-war and anti-Nixon rhetoric, property damage including the 
burning of a police motorcycle, violent police confrontation, and 
widespread property damage to local stores, as outlined in the state- 
ment of Avitness Byron James,** dated Octol->er 9, 1973, and a copy 
of the May 12, 1972, edition of the San Francisco Examiner, both of 
which are offered as a part of the presentation today for the record. 

*Spe exhibit No. 2fifi-3S. d. 51S5. 
**See exhibit No. 256-6, p. 5061. 


The second massive San Francisco demonstration took place on the 
occasion of the President's campaign visit to the Sheraton-Palace 
Hotel on September 27, 1972. Previous testimony before this committee 
described the Sheraton-Palace as "being in a state of siege". I would, 
at this time, introduce into evidence a series of photographs of the 
September 12 demonstration, as certified by Mr. Paul Toland, who 
furnished the committee the photographs. I might inquire of counsel 
if they have been included in the packet submitted. 

Mr. Thompson. They are not in the packet but we have them all 
here and we will make them available in the presentation. 

Senator Ervin. Let the record show those photographs will be ad- 
mitted in evidence.* 

Senator Baker. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. The photographs speak 
for themselves and show the Sheraton-Palace ringed with a cordon 
of helmeted police in full riot attire, both on foot and on horseback, 
with riot sticks drawn and, in some instances, shotguns visible. The 
photographs show a crowd of tremendous proportions and members 
of the crowd stopping traffic and hurling rocks through the plate glass 
front of the United California Bank. 

This September 27, 1972, demonstration was promoted by various 
leaflets which are included in the packet, Mr. Chairman, and attached 
to the affidavit of Mr. Dewey Clower.** These leaflets were reportedly 
disseminated at the McGovern Berkeley headquarters and urged a 
protest march on the Sheraton-Palace. 

Mr. Chairman, Mr. Mankiewicz, Senator McGovern's campai^ 
manager, and Mr. Bemhard, Senator Muskie's campaign manager, in 
the 1972 Presidential campaign, testified that certain unfair and 
improper tactics were employed against their campaigns. Some of the 
perpetrators of these activities were never identified. Falling in that 
same general category of improper activities carried out in the 1972 
Presidential campaign were the violent demonstrations and incidents 
of destruction which were directed against the President's various 
campaign headquarters throughout the country. While those re- 
sponsible for these actions also cannot be identified in most instances, 
we are submitting to the committee sworn affidavits with attached 
photographs and newspaper articles which accurately describe and 
portray these acts. We have selected representative events related 
in these affidavits to discuss here today. 

Two CRP headquarters in Phoenix, Ariz., and Austin, Tex., were 
completely destroyed by arsonists. In addition, there was an attempted 
arson perpetrated against the CRP headquarters in Albuquerque, 
K Mex. Also in Albuquerque, N. Mex., vulgar anti-Nixon slogans 
were sprayed across the CRP campaign headquarters with the use of 
black spray paint. In addition, the persistent disruptions caused the 
lease to be canceled on the CRP headquarters building, forcing the 
CRP to move its headquarters in the midst of the campaign. 

In New Hanii^shire an affidavit of Lieutenant Glennon*** describes 
the bombing of the Manchester Police Department. One of the would- 
be bombers was injured in the explosion and an accomplice was found 
to be in the possession of a press release which bragged that the group 

*See exhibit No. 256-8. p. 5070. 
•*See exhibit No. 250-4. p. 5055. 
***See exhibit No. 256-24, p. 5135. 


had bombed the Nixon headquarters that same evening. Only the 
prompt police apprehension of the bombers and the confiscation or 
destruction of three additional sophisticated bombs from their pos- 
session prevented them from carrying out their plan with regard to 
the Nixon headquarters. In addition, the two perpetrators of the 
bombing were depicted in the newspaper photographs as being in the 
forefront of the anti-Nixon demonstrations which occurred at the 
Manchester CRP headquarters only a few days before the bombing. I 
have introduced photographs and news stories which depict the bombs 
used and damage done to the Manchester Police Departments as 
exhibits to that affidavit. 

In Ohio, the Dayton headquarters suffered two break-ins which 
damaged equipment and records. During the second break-in, Mc- 
Govern slogans were painted on the walls and windows of the 

The CRP headquarters in Baltimore City, Md., twice experienced 
its plate glass windows being smashed by rocks. On the latter occasion, 
a funeral sign was hurled into the headquarters through the broken 
window. Also, "Death to Nixon" was painted onto the marble front 
of the headquarters building. 

In Minnesota, an affidavit describes a break-in of the CRP head- 
quarters during which motor oil was poured over boxes containing 
about 6,000 pieces of mailing literature. 

Gun and rifle shots smashed through the windows at the CRP 
headquarters in Springfield, Mass., and Kutztown, Pa. 

In Fall River and Springfield, Mass., the respective CRP head- 
quarters were plagued by individuals who broke the windows in the 
headquarters and pasted the storefront with McGovern stickers. On 
election night, several young female volunteers were subjected to rock 
throwing by demonstrators, requiring the police to be called in to 
disperse the crowd. 

It should be noted also that on or about September 21, 1972, the 
office of President Nixon's personal physician. Dr. John C. Lungren 
of Long Beach, Calif., was broken into. We have an affidavit from 
Dr. Lungren which states that during this break-in, a locked closet 
was broken into and the President's files removed from a safe. The 
President's records were discovered on the office floor, outside the 
closet, by Dr. Lungren on the morning of September 21, 1972. At that 
time, Dr. Lungren observed that the President's file had been removed 
from the manila folder in which it was kept and that the records were 
no longer in the chronological order in which they were maintained, 
leading Dr. Lungren to suspect that the President's records had been 
tampered with. This crime remains unsolved at the present time. 

I would like to introduce Dr. Lungren's affidavit into the record 
along witli three photographs furnished by Dr. Lungren.* These 
photographs depict the scene discovered by Dr. Lungren on Septem- 
ber 21, 1972 ; the damage to the closet door, and the President's records 
alongside the folders in which they were normally kept. 

The overview, with regard to violence perpetrated against the 
CRP, is provided by the affidavit of Robert C. Odle, Jr.** He states 
the following : 

*Spe exhibit No. 25fi-7. p. 5065. 
**See exhibit No. 256-39. p. 5188. 


I, Robert C. Odle, Jr., do hereby swear and depose that : 

I am employed as Executive Assistant to the Assistant Secretary for Housing 
Management at the Department of Housing and Urban Development. I reside 
at 300 North Saint Asaph Street, Alexandria, Virginia. 

During the 1972 Presidential Campaign, I held the position of Director of 
Administration for the Committee for the Reelection of the President. During 
the Campaign, the CRP was greatly concerned for the security of its National 
Headquarters at 1701 and 1730 Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.C. 
This concern was due to acts of violence and destruction which were both 
threatened and perpetrated against the headquarters of the CRP headquarters 
throughout the Country. In my position as Director of Administration, I often 
received information regarding these threats and acts of violence and destruc- 
tion, and caused various memoranda to be prepared by me and received by me 
from other staff members. These memoranda detailed the measures which were 
contemplated and executed by the CRP throughout the Country to protect 
ourselves against violence, and against demonstrations which might become 

During the 1972 Campaign, the national CRP headquarters on Pennsylvania 
Avenue was the object of numerous bomb threats. In fact, on at least one 
occasion, we were forced to evacuate, for several hours, the entire headquarters 
building due to a bomb threat. In addition, we received reports, almost on a 
daily basis, from CRP headquarters across the Country that had received 
bomb threats directed against their buildings. Moreover, at least one CRP 
office was completely destroyed by arsonists and a bomb also exploded in the 
Alameda County Republican Headquarters in Oakland, California, causing 
considerable damage. These bomb threats and actual bombings caused us 
intense concern, and necessitated the distribution of a memorandum to all our 
State Chairmen recommending procedures to be employed in the event of bomb 
threats or other destructive or dangerous incidents or threats thereof. I have 
attached to this affidavit a copy of that memorandum dated September 25. 1972. 

Another cause of great concern during the 1972 Campaign was the numerous 
demonstrations which occurred throughout the Country including the District 
of Columbia. During the 1972 Campaign, many demonstrations occurred at or 
near the National CRP headquarters on Pennsylvania Avenue. On one occasion, 
for example, a group of demonstrators chained themselves to the door of the 
building at 1730 Pennsylvania Avenue for approximately 24 hours. During this 
demonstration, blood was thrown by the demonstrators, both on the buildings 
and on Nixon Campaign workers. The headquarters was forcibly shut down for 
an entire day. Finally, the CRP headquarters received many threats against 
the life of the President, the Vice President, the Campaign Director, and the 
wife of the Campaign Director. 

Thus, the extreme concern which the CRP had for the security of its staff 
and National headquarters was caused by a series of death threats, bomb 
threats, threats of demonstrations, demonstrations, threats of violence, and 
actual violence, both in Washington and at CRP offices across the Nation — a 
kind of harassment which I believe is unparalleled in American jwlitical 

Ending the affidavit. 

This, Mr. Chairman, brins^s me to the demonstrations and violence 
directed toward the Republican Partv in the Miami Beach conven- 
tion. We have secured from the Florida Department of Military 
Affairs a copy of their afteraction report on the Republican National 

I would at this time introduce into the record the cover letter from 
the Florida Department of Militarv AfTairs and part G of the after- 
action report, Aviiich as the committer will note, contains extracts from 
a "revised manual for the Republican Convention." "VVliile the source 
of this manual is not identified, suffice it to say that it is a nondelegate 
publication which I shall show in a moment was distributed amon^ 
dissident elements at their Flamingo Park staii:ino; area. While this 
is not an affidavit, Mr. Chairman, it is a submission from the Miami 
Beach Police Department and I would ask unanimous consent that 
it might be received and made part of the record. 


Senator Ervtn. Without objection, so ordered. 

[The document refei-icd to was marked exhibit No. 257.*] 

Senator Baker. Tliis manual, with cover displaying the President 
in cartoon with fangs, amounts to a handbook of civil disobedience. 
This handbook states at page G-133 that, ''Flamingo Park should 
be a living, breathing community of revolutionary people . . . dedi- 
cated to confront the real enemy' Richard Nixon." Page 0-145 refers 
to the trial of Richard Nixon on the streets of Miami Beach by the 
people. In general, I believe the radical tone of this publication speaks 
for itself. 

I would now like to introduce into the record, a letter, dated 
Octobei- "24, 1073,, from Rocky Pomerance, Chief of Police in Miami. 
Beach, Fla. This letter certifies that an attached "chronological log 
of events" was compiled from official Miami Beach Police Department 
records and an accurate reflection of events described. I would, Mr. 
Chaii-man, offer that letter and the chronological log of events, as 
supplied by the Miami Beach Police Department, as an exhibit for 
the record. 

Senator Ervin. It will be received in evidence as an exhibit and 
appropriately numbered as such. 

[The document referred to was marked exhibit No. 258.**] 

Senator Baker. Thank you, sir. 

I would draw the committee's attention to the destructive scope 
of vandalism, delegate harassment, and violent disruption perpetrated 
between August 20-23, 1972, in and around the Republican's con- 
vention hall in Miami Beach. For example, this report details : 

1. The pelting of delegates with eggs and rocks, stopping traffic; slashing 
tires : attempts to set buses on fire ; stuffing potatoes in exhaust pipes ; smashing 
vehicles; trashing streets; breaking office windows; throwing ignited papier- 
mache bombs into the convention comixnmd ; vomiting on vehicle hoods, nudity, 
and chants of "kill the pigs." 

2. Tlie report recites incidents where : 

( a ) Policemen were stoned trying to rescue panicky delegates. 

(ft) Tear gas grenades were thrown by demonstrators. 

(c) Shots were fired at police officers who were trying to maintain order. 

id) Demonstrators marched on Convention Hall attired with helmets, gas 
masks, and night sticks. 

(e) The heretofore referenced Revised Manual was distributed in Flamingo 

3. The report indicates the arrest of over 1.200 demonstrators on August 22 
and 23 alone. 

Mr. Chainnan, I might supplement Congressman Tim Lee Carter's 
testimony by introducing into the record the sworn statement of Lyle 
R. Graser, detailing extreme violence directed toward the Republican 
National Committee press vehicle he was riding in. I would also 
like to read a portion of a letter from a South Carolina delegate, 
Neal D. Thigpen, concerning the difficulties that he and his wife had 
in getting into convention hall. But rather than read it, Mr. Chairman, 
I will point out, and I am at the end of my presentation, that there 
was not time to receive a signed affidavit from INIr. Thigpen. He gave 
the statement to Mr. Howard Liebengood, assistant minority counsel, 
who talked to him vpsterday by telephone. Mr. Liebengood has offered 
his affidavit to the effect that Mr. Thigpen would so testify. Rather than 
offer that as an affidavit at this point, I would ask permission that 

♦See p. 5196. 
**Seep. 5219. 


the statement might be included in the record, and we can supply a 
sworn version of it as a filed exhibit. 

Senator Ervin. That will be entirely satisfactory. 

[The documents referred to were marked exhibits Nos. 259 and 

The protestors then very methodically began to put our bus out of commission. 
They first sprayed all of the windows with black paint so that it was diflBcult 
for anyone, including the driver, to see through them. We were able, however, 
to see the demonstrators using knives and icepicks to slash the bus tires. In 
the meantime, our assailants were breaking the windows with bricks, stones, 

While all this was happening, things inside the bus were chaotic. Women and 
children were crying. Men shouted back at the attackers and argued what 
courses of action were available to us. After much urging, the driver then 
attempted to move the bus forward again. But with the tires flat, it moved 
another half a block and came to its final resting place at an intersection. 
The demonstrators then opened the bus' rear hood and pulled out the gas lines. 
Gasoline spilled onto the street and ran under the bus. When the protestors 
began throwing firecrackers under the vehicle, we decided it was time to get 
off the bus and take our chances outside. 

We tried to stay together but that became impossible. As we were pushed and 
shoved, struck by eggs, stones, and fists, and spit on, we found ourselves 
.separated into twos and threes. They tore clothing and screamed obscenities. 
The slogans many of them chanted called either for ending the war in 
Vietnam or dumping President Nixon. In the confusion, my wife and I were 
temporarily separated. I finall.v was able to rescue her from a doorway where 
she was trapped by the mob. Her dress had been torn and she was hysterical. 

Mr. Chairman, that completes my sketchy delineation of the matter 
set forth in the collection of affidavits. I think these are important and 
significant in terms of the evaluation of the state in which politics is 
held by at least some elements in our society. I think it is important 
to the background consideration of the committee to reiterate the 
caveat I stated initially. I am not, by implication or otherwise, 
trying to attribute this conduct to anyone unless the affidavit so states. 

I am not, by implication or otherwise, trying to involve or implicate 
a candidate or a party. I am simply offering these as a part of the 
record to establish the political climate which I think must be changed 
if this country is going to survive. 

Senator Montoya. Mr. Chairman, I have something to introduce 
into the record at this point, and I offer it for introduction into the 
record. It is an in-house memorandum from E. D. Failor to Jeb S. 
Magi-uder. It is confidential/eyes only, under the letterhead of the 
Committee for the Re-Election of the President, dated September 23. 
1972. And I would like to read it because it is not very long. 

Senator Ervin. Well, before you do, I would like to make some 
observations. I want to state that I think the introduction of these 
affidavits and the analysis made by Senator Baker constitute a real 
service to the committee because it enables us to include in the record 
in a relatively .short period of time matters which are germane to our 
investigation and enables us to save days of w'ork which would be 
required if we had to subpena these witnesses to come before the 
committee to testif v in person. 

Senator Bakkr. Thank you, Mr. Chairman. 

Senator Montoya. This is along the same line, Mr. Chairman, and 
I will start reading from the memorandum : 

*See pp. 5258-5261. 


On Friday, September 15, 1972, you assigned me responsibility for the above 
project. Attached is Keu Itietz's reix)rt re the above subject matter for the past 

In addition to the items in the attached, I have personally endeavored to 
create an encounter between Shriver and a busing opponent on the busing issue 
for today in Las Vegas. Antibusing people will be used in this encounter and 
no Republicans will be surfaced. 

Excellent television, radio and print coverage of some of these events has 
resulted during the past week. Definite pluses for our campaign have resulted 
from the media coverage. It should be pointed out that other Republican types, 
undoubtedly, will be copying this week's activities on their own in their 
localities. We have no control over the activities we do not program. 

We have learned the McGovern organization and/or the Secret Service has 
reacted to our activities. The San Gennero Festival in Greenwich Village, 
New York. Saturday night was orginally planned as a walking tour of a few 
blocks by McGovern. However, as a result of the events in Flushing, New York, 
on Thursday, September 21st, the street walk was canceled and McGovern 
spoke in an area that was barricaded off. 

I have, and will, maintain continuing supervision over this project. Ken 
Smith is the key guy from YVP and I will contact other resources. 

If you have any questions or suggestions on the above project, please advise. 

From September 15-22, preparation for our activities in providing sign car- 
riers and leafleteers was made in Milwaukee ; Chicago ; Bergen County, New 
Jersey ; Colimibas, Ohio ; Detroit, Lansing, and Flushing, New York. Chicago 
and Lansing were dropi>ed because of the closed nature of the candidate's 
schedule. Busing quotes were distributed in Detroit outside a closed labor 
meeting. That was the only activity there due to the lack of public appearances. 
We began work on literature, hand-lettered, on Wednesday after conferring 
with Ken Khachigian. The following is a city-by-city report : 

September 10 — Milwaukee : A dozen young people carrying signs questioning 
the candidate's stands and criticizing his remarks about young people — which 
end is up? — were at the noon downto\\ai rally. While no press coverage was 
generated, we do know we upset the candidate. With cameras zooming in he 
asked one of our girls wearing a YVP button "You don't really support Nixon, 
do you?" Her reply was classic: "Yes sir. I've had my head examined and I'm 
for Nixon now more than ever !" Photos of that event are attached. 

September 20 — Columbus : The reception for the candidate at the factory — 
Nixon buttons, hats and the debaters — came about much the same way as in 
Bergen County, i.e., our people were alerted to check into the schedule and they 
as.'^isted the senior committee distributing the Nixon material. However, as 
we know from the evening news and morning page 1 newspaper coverage, it 
did the job. 

September 20-21 — Detroit: As noted previously, mimeographed handouts 
attacking the candidate's busing stand were distributed to labor members 
entering closed meetings. 

September 21 — New Y^ork — Flushing subway situation. Again, we had 
to scramble for time, but 20 young people turned out with Nixon signs and 
buttons — some with "Nixon" in Hebrew. The film coverage of this was excellent 
on the CBS morning news — no matter where the earners turned, the signs 
were there along with audible chants of "Nixon Now !" and "Four more years !" 
throughout the report. Reporter Bruce Morton concluded that it was not a very 
good stop. We are told an AP wire story reported the presence of young Nixon 

We have activities planned in Seattle on Monday, Los Angeles on Tuesday, 
San Diego on Wednesday, and Toledo on Friday of next week. Specific events 
will, of course, depend on the candidate's schedule. 

That is the end of the memorandum, Mr. Chairman, and I submit 
it for entry into the record. 

TTlie document referred to was marked committee exhibit No. 


*See p. 5265. 


Senator Ervin. Is there anything further by any member of the 
committee? If not, we will stand in recess until 10 o'clock in the 

[Whereupon, at 4 p.m., the hearing was recessed, to reconvene at 
10 a.m., Wednesday, November 7, 1973.] 

[Subsequent to the hearings of October 10 and 11, 1973, the Select 
Committee received an affidavit from Anthony H. Barash commenting 
on the testimony of Messrs. Michael McMinoway and Frank Mankie- 
wicz. The affidavit was received too late for publication in Book 11, 
where tlie testimony appears, and is hereby made part of the record in 
this book on page 5267.] 


Exhibit No. 246 

[From the Washington Post, Wednesday, Oct. 18, 1972] 

From tqe Committee fob the Re-Election of t^e President, Clark Mac- 
Gregor's Statement on the Washington Post 

(Following is the complete text of the statement read to refyorters Monday by 

Mr. MacGregor) 

According to the Gallup, Harris, Siudlinger, and Yankelovich polls, the po- 
litical leftist movement known as McGovernism is about to be repudiated over- 
whelmingly by the American people. As it should be. But, frustrated, twenty-six 
poipts behind in the polls, with three weeks to go, George McGovern — and his 
confederates — are now engaging in the "politics of desperation" ; we are witnes- 
sing some of the dirtiest tactics and hearing some of the most offensive language 
ever to appear in an American presidential campaign. 

Lashing out wildly, George McGovern has compared the President of the United 
States to Adolf Hitler, the Republican Party to the Ku Klux Klan, and the United 
States Government to the Third Reich of Nazi Germany. His i)ersonal assaults 
on the President have been characterized by such terms as "most corrupt," 
"murderous," and "barbaric," and his running-mate has served as an echo 

The Washington Post's credibility has today sunk lower than that of George 

Using innuendo, third-person hearsay, unsubstantiated charges, anonymous 
sources, and huge scare headlines — the Post has maliciously sought to give the 
appearance of a direct connection between the White House and the Watergate — 
a charge which the Post knows — and half a dozen investigations have found — to 
be false. 

The hallmark of the Post's campaign is hypocrisy — and its celebrated "double 
standard" is today visible for all to see. 

Unproven charges by McGovern aides, or Senator Muskie, about alleged cam- 
paign disruptions that occurred more than six months ago are invariably given 
treatment normally accorded declarations of war — while proven facts of opposi- 
tion-incited disruptions of the President's campaign are buried deep inside the 
paper. When McGovern headquarters in California was used as a boiler room to 
rally hard-core anti-war militants to confront the President — that was appar- 
ently of no significance to a newspaper which has dispatched a platoon of report- 
ers to investigate charges that somebody sent two hundred pizzas to a Muskie 
rally last spring. 

Why hasn't the Washington Post investigated — The Molotov cocktail discovered 
on October 8th at the door of the Newhall, California, Nixon Headquarters? 

The extensive fire damage suffered September 17th to the Nixon headquarters in 
Hollywood, California? 

The arson of September 25th which caused more than $100,000 in damage to 
the Nixon headquarters in Phoenix, Arizona? 

The extensive window breaking and other trashing this fall at Nixon store- 
fronts in New York City ; Arlington, Massachusetts, and Los Angeles County? 

While the Post itself openly and actively collaborated in the publication of 
stolen top secret documents of the Government of the United States sixteen 
months ago — today, it is faking shock and outrage at some obvious volunteers 
who were allegedly spying on Larry O'Brien. 

Like George McGovern, who personally encouraged Daniel Ellsburg to commit 
the deed for which he faces a possible 115 years in a Federal Penitentiary — The 
Washington Post is a hypocrite. While each crime is reprehensible, which is the 
more serious? Stealing top secret documents of the Government of the United 
States; or allegedly stealing Larry O'Brien's political papers? 


21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


The purpose of the Post campaign is clear : To divert public and national 
attention away from the real issues of this campaign — peace, jobs, foreign iwlicy, 
welfare, taxes, defense and national priorities — and onto the phony issues manu- 
factured on L Street and in McGovern headquarters. 

It is said that this is a dirty campaign, but all the dirt is being thrown by 
only one side. The mud slinging, the name calling, the unsubstantiated charges, 
the innuendoes, the guilt by association, the character assassination, the second- 
hand hearsay are all tactics exclusively employed by the McGovernites and their 
apologists. President Nixon will remain on the high road, discussing issues of 
real concern to the American people in a fair, forthright, and hard-hitting manner. 
The American people will apply a single standard in judging the performance 
of Richard Nixon and George McGovern, even though that essential fairness is 
not exhibited by The Washington Post and a few others. 

[News Release — Oct. 19, 1972] 

Statement by Clakk MacGrbgor, Campaign Director, Committee for the 
Re-Election of the President 

In yesterday's editions, the Washington Post has indicated a willingness to 
investigate the conduct of the McGovern campaign, a campaign which is so chock 
full of irregularities that it cries out for inspection by the press. 

I have on previous occasions noted both the violent attacks which have been 
made on our headquarters and the scurrilous rhetoric which has been leveled 
at the President by the McGovem-Shriver ticket and its henchmen. 

The following tactics and techniques reportedly being employed across the 
country by the McGovern forces call for a balanced and impartial inquiry by 
the press : 

1. An article in the Lancaster, Pa., New Era on October 3, 1972, reported that 
the McGovern campaign in Pennsylvania is using official mailing lists stolen 
from the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture to solicit sui>port for the 
McGovern-Shriver ticket. According to the New Era, this is a direct violation 
of Federal law and a si>ecific violation of an order issued last February by 
Pennsylvania's Governor. I will note, as does the New Era, that the State's 
secretary of agriculture is a McGovern advocate who resigned from a ^IcGovern 
campaign committee in August to avoid possible prosecution under the Hatch 


2. A report in the Atlanta constitution of August 5. 1972. indicates that a team 
of from 15 to 100 spies has been asseiubled by Senator McGovern to "try to dig 
up damaging background information on key members of the Nixon administra- 
tion." According to the Constitution, the head of this spy ring publicly admits 
that as many as 100 Nixon supporters and three members of the White House 
staff have been targeted for political espionage by this McGovernite erastz CIA. 

3. A highly reliable source in the press has told the Committee for the Re- 
Election of the President that McGovern's Press Secretary, Richard Dougherty, 
brags about the spies Senator McGovern has planted not only within the Nixon 
campaign but who also infiltrated Senator Humphrey's campaign and, in return 
for offers of employment after Senator Humphrey had been effectively sab- 
otaged, fed the McGovern primary campaign a steady stream of information 
from inside Humphrey headquarters. 


This is the precise exchange illuminating this charge : 

A resix>cted newsman covering the McGovern campaign hGs told officials at 
the Committee for the Re-EIection of the President of a conversation involving 
Richard Dougherty, press secretary to Senator McGovern. 

In that conversation. Dougherty said that McGovern's board of strategy 
knew everything in advance regarding Senator Hubert Humphrey's primary 
campaign because the McGovern team had infiltrated Humphrey's campaign 

"Some of those boys in Humphrey's camp have been doing well for us," 
Dougherty said. "In the campaign we'll make it up to them — they'll have jobs." 

"Tlus is not all of it," the newsman quoted Dougherty as saying. "We get a 

lot of information out of that headquarters setup at 1701 Pennsylvania Avenue." 

When Dougherty was asked the nature of the information obtained from 

the Ck>mmittee for the Re-EIection of the President, he replied, "Oh, position 

papers — all kinds of information." 

4. Although Senator McGovern has publicly branded public opinion polls 
"lousy" — one assumes because they show him being rejected by almost every 
segment of American society — the McGovern campaign has consistently released 
its own "polls" which are so radically at odds with those of respected independent 
pollsters that they can only be cheap propaganda tricks concocted by the Mc- 
Govern psywar apparatus in a deliberate attempt to confuse the public. 

The most recent example was a McGovern "poll" released Sunday showing 
President Xixon only three jwints ahead of McGovern in California. One day 
later, the independent and highly respected Field poll show-ed President Nixon 
with a 14-point lead in California. 

In New York, the McGovern apparatus has leaked a constant diet of polls 
to the news media — polls which show President Nixon supposedly only a few 
points ahead. In fact, independent polls put the President up to 22 points ahead. 
Such tactics are reprehensible first because they are a blatant attempt to 
u-se the press to con the American public, and second because they lead workers 
and contributors to invest time and money on the basis of false information. At 

... ;. uiiuex ill LtiLse .scrutiny from, among 

others, a conunittee of the U.S. Congress, such tactics show a total and irresponsi- 
ble disregard for the democratic process. 

Every one of these reports demands the same attention the press has laAished 
on the McGovern charges. Now that the Washington Post — which has pre\iously 
exhibited extraordinary zeal in its publication of unsubstantiated charges by 
unnamed people — has demonstrated a reluctant willingness to explore the 
despicable tactics employed by the President's opposition. I hope others will 
follow suit. 

Will the Post detail its entire staff of 30 investigative reporters to inquire 
into these questions? 

I know of no justifiable double standard which requires American media to 
repeat every unsubstantiated charge leveled against the Nixon administration 
while simultaneously requiring the media to ignore the psychological warfare and 
espionage being practiced by the McGovemites. 


Exhibit no. 247 




MONDAY. OCTOBER f, 6^00 p^ 



Albert Spiegel, President of the Jewish Federation Council of Greater Los Angeles, is also 
Chairman of the California Committee to Re-elect the President, Spiegel, a multl-mlllion- 
alre himself, turns his back to the mass slaughter in Indochina, as well as rampant unem- 
ployment and poverty at home. Where is the social conscience of our people? Where is our 
memory? Doias It also carry a price tag? Nixon's support of Jews and Israel is conditioned 
by his lust for re-election. Nixon does not represent our interestl Albert Spiegel does 

not represent us I 


"Why of course the people don't want war. Why should some poor slob on a farm want to risk 
his life in a war when the best he can get out of it Is to come back to his farm in one 
piece? Naturally the common people don't want war; neither in Russia, nor in England, nor 
in America, nor in Germany. That is understood. But after all it Is the leaders of the 
country who determine policy, and it is always a simple matter to drag the people along, 
whether It Is a democracy, or a fascist dictatorship, or a parliament, or a communist dic- 
tatorship. Voice or no voice the people can always be brought to the bidding of the leaders. 
That Is easy. All you have to do is to tell them they are being attacked, and denounce 
the pacifists for lack of patriotism and exposing the country to danger. It works the samo 
in any country." —Hermann Goering, at the Nuremberg Trials 

"Senior Air Force Officials also Indicated that if Mr. Nixon is re-elected wlthouc a nego- 
tiated settlement Having been reached, the air war against North Vietnam would Intensify." 

— Los Angeles Times, September 19, 1972 


Sponsored by: 

The Jewish Campaign to End the Indochina Holocaust 
Post Office Box 2015, Beverly Hills, California 90213 


Exhibit No. 248 


No aenaibi* pertoo will challenga ISRAEL' 3 right to sxietenoe and self drteminatioa. 
ISRAEL 18 hare to atay. During hir last 3i yaars in oXfioe, Nixon (tawaBtrttod a dnbioiia 
and dalinqoent attit\ide t<ward3 ISRAEL. Crnlj during thia election year did Hiion apprvn 
aaa^r asalBtanco, isixler presexu'*, an an iiiiuoanant tor the Jewish vote. His allAgsd 
friandship towjda ISRAEL ie not trtstwortby. Senator McGorem was and ia a eoosiatwxt 
and tmstwDrtl^ friend of ISRIEL. Rabbi Hrx Kcssbow llBta MoGorem as the be«t frland 
for ISRAEL. 

Rixon'B political outlook ie v. dmigaroua travsaty for tho Aaerican peoplo. It wurt not 
b3 peraitted for acothar * yoara. Ha dacaivod the Aaerioan people with his prcalM in 
196b to get out of this Jjsaoral undeclared war, and with his further praaise to imprtm 
the general welfare. He continuos this gonocidal was and he proaisad to eoaitlnBe it in 
1973 with further escalated barbaroiu high density bosabing, wming hundreds of thousands 
of innocent people, and cracting nore AEorican POtfs, all under the dabions pretense of 
being »caadtted» to save the oorr^pt bloody dictator Thieu. 795^ of the Aaeriean people 
dSBSad a ooatplete withdrcjal froa tb3 war and bring the PCHs hoae. 

STOP THE SBR3ELESS KELLISQ deaanda MoGorom. He is ocnedtted to do so on the day after 
inangnratioa, and get out of th:; vrar ztlthin 90 days end bring all the PWs heael 

Nizcn'o eeoocalo policies incraased unssployaenb and placed unbearable hardships on aany 
■inority grocra. More than 30 Ictomational Unions with a aeabershlp of 30 aillioB people 
endorsed the MeOovera-Sbriver progr ao . HcGorera will tria the sxcesaive ailitaiy budget 
and prevliie the resulting fnndn for dimsstic rsooErtruotion and general welfare. QOGD. 

Hixon«s wage and prie^ controlc are deceitful. Wages are rigidly controlled irtiile the 
prioee for food eM houijing have riccn to staggering proportioas, pl a rin g a hardship on 
the average citlsen. At the ecjw tipfl corporate profits bare risen to all ti«e high lerela. 
Bison vetoed wHe on three oooasioas that provided for health, edncatiai and general wel^ 
faro indsdlng reliof for tha c'-ed. Ha nants greater a p p r opriations for porpoaes of 
killing and dectruction of ocrironannt , oca he lisdts appropriations to aeager tekso som 
for the general wslfara. KIioti corves only the millionaires for greater profits. 

Nixon was forced to arrpsxrre the congroasicaal reccsaeadctloD for a 205& increase in soolal 
security benefits. He i^esieted all efforts for m inersase above 5$. 

Nixon's anti-bussiug progrst was designed only to gain the vote of the racists, fie thas 
strengthened the raeirtG in a progran for diserioinsitian and anti-SenitisB. Jews are avare 
of such activity in tbe^enocids of 6 nilli(^ Jews who died in the cr«Batorla of laxl Qexmany. 

Hixon as President prcaised that he vUl ncoinate additicoal Judges for the SxqarMe Court 
who support his pMloocph^. This <raly aeans ultra conservative judges who will further 
abrogate civil r±gtte thst affect ovary aAnority. Wc aust not allow tkis to happen. 

Jewish traditions f>xe tma-id on peace, equal rights esA Justice for all, and hcdp for the 
poor. The Los Aageles Boird of Rabbis enthusiastically support MoGovem. The Rabbis want 
a change lih WashingtoQ. 

Uxan is being sponsored by all tbs wealiby and big business. 

A vote for KaGo'vem ijt a vote for peaoo and a better iaerica in which we Jews hanre hope 
for a better life for alll 


Jews for McQ«ven-Shriv«r 

■ '-■ *" ' 7910 Beverly Blvd. 

J IQS Angiles, Calif. 90048 

Phone 938-3211 


Labor OonaOd 


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Exhibit No. 249 

October 13, 1972 

Mr. Albert A. Spiegel 

641 North SepulveHa Boulevard 

Los Angeles, California 90049 

Dear Al: 

In response to our 'phone < onversation of iust a f.-w 
minutes ago, may I statP catrgorical ly thaf the Bcrd 
of Rabbis of Southern California 'las at no time calen 
any action concerning any of the candidatc^ in the 
presidential or other campaigns. The Board of Ribbis 
has never participated In political matter;; in tiit 
past, and certainly we have in no v;ay identified our- 
selves with any candidate this year. 

I am truly chagrined that false statements are- being 
made in this regard, and I hope- that you will put at 
ease any concern that might be exprcsaod regarding the 
falsp rumors that are spread about tho Board of Rabbis. 


Harry Essrl« 

^RBV E8SniO 

©J T^&bis 


590 North Vermont A'je. 
Los Ar)geles. Cat. 90004 
phone (213) 663-8484 

V;c€ Ptesiaenis 





Honnrary P:esicfen1s 



Exhibit No. 250 

[From the Washington Posr, Monday, Oct. 25, 1971] 

White House Lauds Anti-Jewish Editor 

(By Jack Anderson) 

Both President Nixon and Vice President Agnew have paid high tribute to a 
notorious anti-Jewish editor in Pittsburgh. 

Their effusive accolades were publislied by tlie proud editor, Geno Szebedin- 
sky, in the same newspaper wliere he touted such scandalously antisemitic tracts 
as the "Protocols of the Elders of Zion" and tlie "Myth of Six Million." 

On the front page of the Hungarian language newspaper "Magyarsag," Szebe- 
dinsky published a letter from President Nixon declaring : "Your distinguished 
career as editor and publisher is well known to me. I am proud to join your friends 
and admirers in their tribute to the enviable reputation you have earned, and to 
the high standards you have perpetuated . . ." 

Nixon praised Szebedinsky for "four decades of . . . unfailing dedication to 
the cause of freedom and human dignity and justice ' and added that the editor 
was "deeply appreciated by countless readers within the Hungarian community 
and throughout the country." 

This ringing praise was echoed by Agnew who said Szebedinsky's "hard work 
and dedication are fine examples for others to follow." Agnew's letter was also 
printed on page one. 

On page seven, Szebedinsky urged upon his readers an assortment of anti- 
Jewish literature, including Henry Ford's venomous "The International Jew," 
which the old car maker later repudiated, and three books by the late Lajos 
Marschalko, a notorious Nazi who lauded the Nazi butchers of Auschwitz. 


In earlier editions, Szebedinsky printed other anti-Jewish diatribes. A front- 
page article on Oct. 31, 1969, for example, charges that Jews "put to death thou- 
sands of the best Hungarians or simply murdered them." 

And in the same edition, Szebedinsky's jiaper claimed : "The Talmudic way of 
thinking reigns with the sign of revenge, celebrating orgies of lies, fraud and 

Last March 26, Szebedinsky advised his readers that antisemitism is really 
a result of "Jewry, which is living and gasping unquenchably for revenge." Any- 
one believing the Nazis killed six million .Tews, he also printed, is brainwashed. 

After Szebedinsky published the Nixon and Agnew letters last May. the World 
Federation of Hungarian Jews charged that Szebedinsky once wore the uniform 
of the SS in World War 11. 

The accusation was contained in stinging letters to President Nixon and to 
Sen. Jacob JaWts, (R-N.Y.). hlm.self a Jew. The Nixon-Agnew letters, com- 
plained the Federation, were "deeply offending to the victims of Nazi barbarism." 

The Federation told us the President did not reply. We checked the extensive 
but incomplete Arcliives files of SS officers and found no record of Szebedinsky 
or a second name he used in Hungarj-, Janos Hortobagyi. 


"President Nixon has never condoned, and does not condone, anti-Semitism in 
any form," the White House said of a Jack Anderson column appearing today 
that cites Mr. Nixon's praise for Pittsburgh editor Geno Szebedinsky- 

"The President frequently sends messages of congratulations to persons being 
honored by testimonial dinners." the White House statement said. In this case, 
the statement said, the message was requested by an unnamed "reputable source" 
for a dinner honoring Szebedinsky and organized by the Hungarian clergy of 
greater Pitt.s'jurgh. 

"Nothing in our information about Mr. Szebedinsky or his Hungarian-lan- 
guage newspaper indicated other than that he was a reputable publisher of a 
paper devoted to the principles of freedom." 


Exhibit No. 251 

[From the Washington Post. Friday, Sept. 24, 1971] 

GOP Adviser Edited Pro-Nazi Paper 

(By Jack Anderson) 

A former Nazi editor, who was a leading Hitler propagandist in occupied 
Slovakia during the 1940s, is an adviser to the Republican National Committee. 

He is Dr. Joseph Pauco, who trumpeted the Nazi line throughout Slovakia 
and hailed the Nazi persecution of the Jews. As late as 1957, he defended his 
past Nazi activities as "the cause of great and sacred truth." 

Pauco was invited by President Nixon to attend a White House prayer service 
on Sept. 12. While no other White House worshipper may have been more in need 
of prayer, it is ironical that Pauco should wind up at a Nixon devotional. For 
his mentor and mahatma, Joseph Tiso, the puppet dictator of Slovakia, was 
hanged as a war criminal. 

Hitler ended his bloody conquest of Czechoslovakia by dividing the country 
and installing Tiso as the ruler of Slovakia. Pauco was named editor-in-chief 
of Tiso's official organ, Slovak, which became the strident voice of the Nazi 

One of Pauco's close associates was Dr. J. Kirschbaum, who has been accused 
by the Jewish Community Council in Prague of sending Slovakian Jews to the 
gas chambers of Au.schwitz and other murder camps. 

Kirschbaum denies the charge. But we have dug out, at least, an old news- 
paper picture of Kirschbaum in his Slovak SS uniform, his hand raised in the 
Hitler salute. 

Pauco and Kirschbaum escaped Tiso's fate by fleeing to the West. Pauco 
reached the United States in 1950; Kirschbaum settled in Toronto. 

Eventually, Pauco took over the weekly newspaper, Slovak v. Amerike. in 
Middletown, Pa., and named his old friend Kirschliaum as an adviser. 

The natty, charming Pauco was brought into the Republican National Com- 
mittee as chief Slovak-American adviser by the former chairman, Interior 
Secretary Rogers C. B. Morton. Pauco is now comptroller of the committee's 
ethnic council. 

Pauco also is serving as a Nixon appointee on the Small Business Adminis- 
tration's advisory council. 

Not long ago, Pauco and Kirschbaum helped to e.stablish the Slovak World 
Congress, and they held a meeting in Toronto in June. They were showered with 
greetings from Sens. John Tower (R-Tex.), Strom Thurmond (R-S.C), Roman 
Hruska (R-Neb. ) and others. 

Sens. Robert Taft (R-Ohio) and Claiborne Pell (D-R.I.) showed up in Toronto 
to address the meeting. 

From the White House on down, these prominent Americans can be excused 
for being unaware of the Nazi backgrounds of Pauco and Kirschbaum. But the 
official who is supposed to keep track of former Nazis, Assistant Attorney 
General Robert Mardian, the Justice Department's internal security specialist, 
also attended the Toronto affair. 

Mardian might have picked up a clue to Pauco's Nazi past by reading his 
biography in Who's Who. For Pauco lists among his accomplishments the editor- 
ship of the old Slovak daily. If this was missed by Mardian. it was picked up by 
an amateur Nazi hunter and Democratic Party official. Bill Quinn, who identified 
the daily as a Nazi mouthpiece. 

He tipped us off, and we have now traced Pauco's past in old Library of 
Conarress records, books and newspapers. 

"There is only one alliance, and that alliance is with Germany," wrote Pauco 
in a sie:ned editorial on Sept. 17, 1944. Again on Oct. 11, 1944, he printed: "The 
great German Reich, led by Fuehrer Adolf Hitler, proved to the Slovaks its 


In a typical diatribe against the Jews, his newspaper declared on Sept. 3, 
1944: "We all know about their moral decay and their murderous hatred of 
the Christian people." , ^. . *^ ok o a 

Is it possible that Pauco, now 57, has changed his views after 25 years? As 
late as August, he praised the war criminal Tiso as a "martyr." 

Footnote : My associate Les Whitten reached Pauco in Middletown. He denied 
that his wartime newspaper was a Nazi organ. "I ran a Slovak paper," he said. 
Asked about the paper's attacks on the Jews, he said at first. "I can't remember," 
then declared, "We were friends of the Jews." He added heartily : "Anybody 
who says we were Nazis is full of baloney." The Republican National Commit- 
tee, he said, would verify his good name. Kirschbaum has an unlisted telephone 
in Toronto and couldn't be reached. 


Exhibit No. 252 

[From tbe Washington Post, Wednesday, Nov. 10, 1971] 

Nixon Appears a Little Soft on Nazis 

(By Jack Anderson) 

President Nixon, who made bis name in politics by attacking the Democrats 
for being "soft on Communists," is showing signs himself of a little softness on 

We recently reported that he invited an ex-Nazi to the White House for a 
prayer session and that he sent a letter of tribute to a notorious anti-Jewish 

The White House issued a pained public statement protesting that "Presi- 
dent Nixon has never condoned and does not condone anti-Semitism in ^ny 
form." We certainly agree. Mr. Nixon is no more anti-Semitic nor pro-Nazi than 
Harry Truman and Dean Acheson were pro-communist. 

But men with histories of Nazi sympathies have managed to endear them- 
selves to the Nixon administration. Here's the record, which is worse than we 
originally reported : 

We identified Dr. Joseph Pauco, a prominent GOP adviser and White House 
guest, as a pro-Nazi propagandist in Slovakia during World War II. We cited 
recent public statements to show that he still worships the memory of the Nazi 
puppet in Slovakia, Joseph Tiso. The Anti-Defamation League confirmed our 
charges with additional evidence from their files. The Republican National Com- 
mittee quickly accepted Pauco's resignation. Yet at this writing, five weeks after 
our revelations, he is still an ofliicial, unsalaried adviser to Small Business 
Administrator Tom Kleppe. Pauco makes recommendations on small business 
loans and other SBA matters in his home state of Pennsylvania. 

We reported that both President Nixon and Vice President Agnew sent warm 
tributes to Geno Szebedinsky, editor of the Hungarian-language newspaper 
Magyarsag, which foams with anti-Semitism. Although the President wrote 
Szebedinsky that his distinguished career ... is well known to me," we are 
convinced Nixon had absolutely no knowledge of the editor's anti-Semitic reputa- 
tion. Both Nixon and Agnew signed the tributes purely as political routine. Yet 
someone familiar with Szebedinsky and his views was close enough to the White 
House to arrange for him to be honored. And the White House, despite its public 
assurance that the President doesn't condone anti-Semitism, has yet to repudiate 
his letter to Szebedinsky. 

President Nixon not only prayed with Pauco at the White House but also 
invited another World War II extremist, Ivan Docheff, to the White House. 
DochefE acknowledged to us that he was the leader of the National Legion in 
his native Bulgaria. This w^s a youth organization characterized as "fascist" by 
the moderate Bulgarian National Committee here. DochefE admitted it was a 
right-wing group but said he was "100 per cent anti-communist, not a Nazi." 
Docheff's picture at the White House with Nixon and Agnew, printed in the 
Bulgarian-language paper Borba, raised cries of outrage from moderate Bul- 

Laszlo Pasztor, the industrious head of the GOP ethnic groups, was never 
asked about his wartime activities in Hungary by the four GOP officials who 
interviewed him for his job. As it happens, Pasztor belonged to a Hitler-youth- 
style group imder the notorious Arrowcross party until he was 21. Although he 
never joined the adult party, he served it as a junior diplomat in Berlin under 
the vicious anti-Semitic Szalasi regime. Pasztor insists he never took part in 
anti-Semitic activities and says in his GOP Party post, he has tried to weed out 
the right-wing extremists from the Republican ethnic groups. He spoke feelingly 
of these problems for two hours with my associate Les Whitten. At one point, 
Pasztor asked wearily: "What kind of guys did I inherit?" 

headlines, footnotes 

Peace Corps Woes — The Peace Corps hopeful effort to enlist Mexican-American 
volunteers has largely failed. Of 13 Mexican-Americans trained for service in 
Peru, eight have quit. They had been sent to Peru to help build potato produc- 
tion, but a bumper crop made their work superfluous. Peace Corps efforts to keep 
them in other programs failed, and the eight disillusioned Chicanos have now left 
the Peace Corps. Elsewhere in Peru, volunteers were able to thwart reported 
efforts by Director Joe Blatchford to install an old fraternity brother, Doug 


Burck, as country director. A compromise by Blatcliford lias forestalled resigna- 
tion tlireats of about 100 of tbe 200 volunteers in Peru. Less than a balf-dozen 
have actually quit because of the squabble. 

Giant Killer — Back in April 1970 we wrote of the David-and-Goliath struggle 
between Federal Trade Commission lawyer Daniel Kane and the gigantic 
Koppers Co. Kane had accused Koppers of killing competition in resorcinol, a 
chemical used in tires, explosives and dyes. While Kane fought the case, his FTC 
boss then Rufus (Duke) Wilson, had been meeting privately with Koppers' at- 
torney and discussing the case. Wilson has now retired from the FTC, and Kane 
recently won a tough consent settlement from Koppers. In it, the firm promises t(i 
void its "exclusive" resorcinol supply contracts, and contracts running more than 
a year, give up any plans to buy out resorcinol competitors without an FTC 
okay and block price discriminating. 

Miami Beach, Aug. 18 (JTA) — Laszlo C. Pasztor of Washington. D.C.. whci 
had been identified twice in the past year by syndicated columnist Jack Anderson 
as having been a member of a Nazi youth movement in Hungary during World 
War II, is in line for membership on the executive board of tbe Republican Na- 
tional Committee. An oflRcial announcement made available to the press here to- 
day said that the committee had voted this week to amend the committees bylaws 
to "grant ex officio membership on its executive board to the chairman of the 
National Republican Heritage Groups (Nationalities) Council. 

The chairman of the council, the committees announcement said, is Pasztor. 
The council was formed in 1971 as an auxiliary to the Republican National Com- 
mittee, it reported, and is an all volunteer organization representing ethnic Re- 
publican groups in 21 States and among 31 nationality groups. The announcement 
stressed the action as a "move responsive to the growing number of ethnic 
Americans who are turning to the Republican Party." 

The Rules Committees action, if approved by the convention as a whole here 
next week "will give official recognition to all ethnic Republican auxiliary orga- 
nizations," the committee's announcement said. The National Repul)lican Heri- 
tage groups council will then mainhiin a position in the party similar to the 
National Federation of Republican Women and Young Republican National 

In a column on Nov. 10 widely distributed throughout the United States and 
overseas, Anderson reported that Pasztor was "never asked about his wartime 
activities in Hungary by four GOP officials who interviewed him for the job" 
(as Nationalities Director), "Pasztor belonged to a Hitler youth style group 
under the notorious arrow cross party until be was twenty one. Although he 
never joined the adult party, he served as a junior diplomat in Berlin under 
the vicious anti-Semitic Szalasy regime." 

"Pasztor insists he never took part in anti-Semitic activities and in his GOP 
party post he has tried to weed out the right wing extremists from his GOP 
ethnic groups." Anderson wrote, "He spoke feelingly of those problems for two 
hours with my associate Les Whitten." 

Last March 13, Anderson's column reported : "We have uncovered several ex 
Nazis who were invited to the W^hite House or were photographed with Presi- 
dent Nixon and Vice President Agnew and other GOP dignitaries. The Presi- 
dent, of course, did not know about their Nazi background. They should have been 
screened by Laszlo Pasztor, the GOP Nationalities Director who himself belonged 
to the Nazi Youth Movement in Hungary during World War Two." 

"Instead of reprimanding Pasztor [copy illegible] Nazis through the gate," 
Anderson continued, "the President recently sent him a dear Laszlo letter praising 
him. The happy Hungarian <iuickly duplicated it and mailed out copies to ethnic 


Exhibit No. 253 


Exhibit No. 254 


EXfflBIT No. 255 


ExraBIT No. 256-1 



) ss . 
County of Maricopa ) 


COMES NOW JAMES F. U'YMORE , who being first duly sworn 
upon his oath, deposes and says: 

That he is, and at all times mentioned herein was, the 
Executive Director of the State Committee of the Republican 
Party in the State of Arizona and, as such, he knows the follow- 
ing facts : 

That during the campaign of 1972, the State Committee 
of the Republican Party in Arizona and the Committee to Reelect 
tlie President established a joint campaign headquarters at 
533 West Indian School Road in the City of Phoenix, State of 
Ari zona . 

That ear]}' in the morning on Friday, September 29, 1972, 
this combined headquarters was totally destroyed by fire with 
damage to the building estimated at at least $100,000.00, and 
an estimated damage to the contents owned by the Committee to 
Reelect and by the State Committee to be a total of no less than 

That on Thursday, September 28, 1972, the State Committee 
had received a warning from the Republican National Committee 
Headquarters alerting the State Committee to take necessary 
security precautions at its headquarters to avert possible dis- 
ruptions and/or protests. That the State Committee did not 
have time in which to comply with that warning prior to the 
destruction of its headquarters. 

An extensive and exhaustive investigation of the fire 
was conducted by the Arson Squad of the Phoenix Police Depart- 
ment, the Phoenix Fire Marshal, and the Federal Bureau of 
Investigation, Nu arrests have been made. 


That as a result of the fire, a mailing being prepared 
by the State Committee was destroyed and office equipment, 
records and files were also destroyed. 

Property, files and records belonging to individual 
candidates which were located in the building were also destroyed. 

The State Committee incurred costs of moving and estab- 
lishing a new location, which costs are estimated to be $5,000.00. 
As a result of the destruction and the opening of a new head- 
quarters, the State Committee and the Committee to Reelect were 
out of operation for approximately ten days. 

That the newspaper clippings and photographs from the 
Arizona Republic and the Phoenix Gazette are essentially true 
and accurate, and the photographs do depict the scene of the 
fire as of Friday, September 29, 1972. 

James F. Wymore' 


SUBSCRIBED AND SWORN TO before me this ^jV day of 
(il-cSti)^'/^^ 1973. 

My Commission Expires: 

.^A^ >i. ^^A^ 

Notarv Public 

'?A-rt.i{j ;eit.ij 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 10 






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:'X::J C/J.L r.O. 9-1065-72 333 West Indian School koad - - ArvSC:-; REPO:.:: - 

Saj.tcriar 29, 1972 

Victia: David H. Jiirdock 


Report by Robert E, Bivin 

Chief Investicator 

City of Phoenix Fire Dcpartseat 

Sep'uCi^ber 29, 1972, at 0226 hours, I monitored a call statins the Republican 
Headquarters was on fire at Tnird Aver.ue and Indian School Road. I responded to 
check tlie crowd and investigate the fire, I arrived on the scene at an early 
cta^c of the fire and obtained the following license plates of spectators cho\;ins 
intorect (undue) of the fire. An Amsrican Building Maintanance truck, licence 
C.3. 1440, with three young Caucasian males - - - a motorcycle J.J. 87 with 
a bearded man approximately 24 year old Caucasian male - - and a car, licence 

.-1912, consisting of a young man and two girls, all Caucasian. I contacted 
Lieutenant John Fields and informed him to alert his field officers of our 
need for assistance in this type of fire. 

Upon examining the fire scene, it was noted that the two-story structure houccii 
the Republican Party downstairs and the Arizona State Property Evaluation Ofiicc 
\.,..lyL'S^, The fire was on the first floor hallvjay running norCh and south r/.d 
also west to east in center of building. This hallway shov7ed a bum pactc-" 
cc.-.cistcnt with the splashing of an unlcnown accellerant. The floor tile cI-.o:id 
severe bum pattern along the vjhole corridors. Low burn pattern on floor, 
walls, doors, and ail metallic door loiobs malted. A desk sitting in middle. 
of r;allway was completely destroyed. Sheetrock walls along corridor frox er.:! to 
end showed an even heat and burn pattern. Offices behind tlie hallway door;: choked 
e:itr£ri3 heat and smoke conditions consistent to a petroleum-base fire. fire 
appeared to be of short duration but a high intensity heat-type fire. Solid ^:oodci". 
doors charred to 1/4" but from bottom to top a consistent and even char. 
Tlae leasees of this building stated they had trouble locking the front door and 
when they left they left it unlocked (a Mrs. Lois Anderson) - but a cleaning crew 
ci:::;:; in later. This cleaning crew to be interviewed later. 


Republic CoiBmitteeman Jim Winemore, 279-5596, stated they had received a 
security witrxviiiS from Steven B, Kins - Washington, DoC,, 202-3336120 - or 
hc.;.c ;/.ionc 7O3-3G0-5642 - stating trouble at Republican offices in San 
Fi:::u£iGco, two in New York, and one in Texas. 

I coordinated the Fire Department Investigation ;^ith the Piioenix Police 
De;>ari:aieat, the F.B.I,, and other public officials. Word was received that 
the tiioing of this fire was perfect due to two weeks ago nothing of value was 
in this building - and one week in the future they would be empty again. 

c/s-- i-:'r7)TJlG: 

ROBERT E. BIVIN - Chief Investigator 








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FIRE DE?A.V/i.",£ia 



9/29/72 j333 West Indian School Road DAVID H. MURDOCK | ARSGlv 

9/29/72, at 9 AM, the undersigned investigator was just coming on duty and 

responded to the above address to continue on with the investigation of a fire 

set at above location by person/s unknovm. On my arrival. Chief Investigator Elvin 
\ms contacted on the scene and I assisted him on his Investigation thus far. Upon 

entering the first story interior it was noted that the entire first floor of a 

two-story commercial building occupied by various offices - and also headquarcGrin r. 

the coKalttee offices for re-election of the President, Richard M. Nixon, had 

received extensive fire, heat and smoke damage to the first and second floors of 

this comnigrcial building. From my observations, it appeared that person/s nr^roT-n 

entered the building on the ground floor, probably through the rear ?:niifh r■n^-.-^^.f^ 

and a flanmable accellerant was poured along the main hallway which ran nnrfb mr! r.n„ 

of the building. Ho evidence of a flammable accellerant was found In the r.or!:'n 

lobby entrance. A small hallway running east off the main hallway, and "inr'frr. 


to-ja^.-d the south end of the building, also yyas saturated with a flpT-ri-ihlp ar^. 

-liirgii.'^-h my investigation and ins pection of the naln point arpn rPfPiiHn(> hn:^-.-'^-^- 

-dgn:"c;o. ■:7as jn the rear sou th entrance of the building; a1 r,n a sr-.n nff^ ^P ^-. --^ 

■.^p.r.^ b,''1.H?.iv fihf>T7od PTHrfpnrP nf an ar.c.pA T erp.nt bpJng pr.m-pd nn th ^ r^^:- nr^i-i-.-' r---. 

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M. A, Benitez 72-072 5'':1 



°"' "9/29/72""'""' I ""Jsywes't'lndiaa School Roalf'""^'avr^ '^7 ^'iirdo'cic 



Ti^ia entire first floor, second floor and roof top areas vare thorour^hly checlrftd o-jt — 
for sry possible ir.gans of entry made by persor./s unk no ^m responslb: ie for t'nir, . 

j fira - but vrLth negative results - except for the n-.osi: severe P.O. which \ ;:he. 

1 rear south door. Due to the hallway north to south being the most sevare lv _irj:JL.zad »._: 


j Snr;iae3 9 and 4 V7ere called upon for assistance - - aad all the burn f.d df^br^.r r-s 

rav-ovcia by the firefighters so that the midersigncd tnvestlc;ator could dete ^L^L-tba j 

j £la.rr3 path and travel. Everything pointed to a flazraable liquid saturatio: 

: to the amount of flan-jnable liquids used as an accellerant. it is the opj.nior' a 

j this investigator that five gallons or laore of fuel was used. 

■a:io :jx 1:0 leads nor suspects at Tiiis rj:2C".T ivTiitixg. 

ru?.T^:::ti r2?c?vTS to follow. 

I M. A. Eenicez 


[From the Arizonia Republic, Sept. 30, 1972] 

Nixon Offices Hebe Wrecked by Flames 
(By Jack West) 

The headquarters of the Committee for the Re-Election of the President suffered 
extensive damage in a blaze yesterday that firemen said was deliberately set. 

The fire, which firemen said was started with gasoline splashed along hallways 
in the two-story building, also damaged the headquarters of Republican state and 
county candidates and offices housing two state agencies. 

Dannigo in the building at 333 W. Indian School was estinnted at $100,000. 

Sen. Paul Fannin, R-Ariz., who had taken the Senate floor Thursday to de- 
nounce harassment of Republican campaigners in other locales by militants sup- 
porting Democratic presidential nominee George McGovem, expressed shock over 
the fire. 

"We apparently do not know who is responsible for the destruction of the 
re-elect office in Phoenix," Fannin said, "but this is another act tliat would seem 
to fit in with the pattern of disruption, obstruction and violence being employed 
to divert attention from the serious issues the President seeks to discuss." 

James Wymore, executive director of the Reptil)lican State Central Committee, 
said his office received a memorandum from national party headquarters Thurs- 
day warning of possible sabotage to campaign headquarters throughout the 

A copy of the memo, which suggested precautions be taken, was sent to the 
Phoenix Police Department, but police had no time to set up special precautions, 
Wymore said. 

Van A. Shumway, press director in Washington of the Committee for the Re- 
Election of the President, said the fii*e was the most serious incident to date 
involving President Nixon's re-election campaign. 

He said there have been rock-throwing incidents in New Hampshire, California 
and Texas, but no other incidents of arson. 

The chief fire investigator for the Phoenix fire department. Bob Bivin. said. 
"It looks like a splash job. Someone splashed gasoline down the hallway that runs 
north and south through the ground floor of the building and also in the shorter 
east-west hallway in the south end of the building." 

Another fire investigator, Manuel Benitez, said that perhaps five gallons of 
gasoline had been used. 

"That's a dangerous way to start a fire," he said. "The first. thing we did 
was to check the emergency rooms in the hospitals for burn victims, because it is 
so easy for an arsonist to burn himself or even kill himself this way. But we 
didn't find him." 

It took 40 firemen and eight pieces of firefigliting equipment nearly an hour 
to douse the blaze, firemen said. 

In addition to the President's committee headquarters and GOP offices, the 
building contained offices of the State Department of Property Valuation and 
the Resources Information System. The building is owned by the David H. 
Murdock Development Co. 

Dennis Kemp, Arizona division leasing manager for the development firm, 
said the company would pay all moving costs of the tenants and would place 
them in other Murdock-owned buildings, in higher priced office space and with 
no increase in rents. 

Offices of the two state agencies will be set up at 3500 N. Central. Kemp said. 
It had not been determined last night where the Republican offices would be 

Police Sgt. Charles Roberts said it was impossible to determine whether 
the forced his way into the building because the damage was so 

Fannin, who called on McGovern to disavow harassment of the GOP. said it 
was a .serious matter that the arson occurred in Phoenix just after the visit of 
Mrs. .Tulie Nixon Eisenliower. tlie President's daughter. She was in Phoenix 
Thnr^day for the dedication of the Civic Plaza. 

"The arson will only serve to draw the party clo.ser together in a strong, 
united effort to win the November election." said Harry Rosenzweig. Republican 
state chairman. "We must not let violence infringe in>on our right to choose for 
public office the candidates we believe to be most qualified." 


Sam Mardiaii, chairman of the Arizona Committee for the Re-Election of the 
President, called the tire "a most reprehensible" act and a gross insult to the 
American political system. 

•'Philosophical differences are normal," Mardian continued, "but only a sick 
mind would resort to arson and proijcrty destruction. The mindless act of 
buruiufj the Nixon headquarters can only hurt, not help, whatever cause the 
perpetrator stood for. 

"I am heartsick at the damage io the building and the loss of valuable office 
equipment and records, but more so that such a deliberate and cowardly attack 
should be made at all. 

"This will not deter the efforts being carried on by volunteers on behalf of 
President Nixon's campaign, and new headtjuarters will he opene<i as soon as 


EXfflBIT No. 256-2 


I, Richard L. Schultz, Assistant Minority Counsel for the Select 
CoiTimittee On Presidential Campaign Activities, do hereby affirm that 
on September 21, 1973 I interviewed Mr. Jack Easton at his office, 
Room 659, Century Plaza Hotel, Los Angeles, California, In further 
affirmation, I state that Mr. Easton provided to me the following 

During the 197Z presidential campaign, Easton functioned as the 
Nixon Comnnunications Director for Southern California. In this capacity 
in September, 197Z, at about the time President Nixon appeared at the 
Century Plaza Hotel, Easton received infornriation concerning the fact 
that literature (scurrilous in nature) was being prepared in the McGovern 
Headquarters, located at 449 North Fairfax, Los Angeles, California, 
which is located in the heart of the Jewish cominunity. 

Mr. Easton stated that it was his belief that the scurrilous literature 
in question was entitled, "Nixon Is Treyf". The infornraation concerning 
this scurrilous literature prompted him to go to the McGovern Headquarters 
located at 449 North Fairfax, Los Angeles, California and there, he 
along with a witness, Mr. Richard Nahagian, viewed this literature in the 
McGovern Headquarters and determined that in their opinion it was 
scurrilous in nature toward the President of the United States and it failed 



to comply with existing legal requirements in that it failed to reflect 
the name of the individual or organization who prepared the literature 
for diss ennination. Mr. Easton advised that a McGovern spokesman 
admitted the printing of the scurrilous literature at the McGovern 
Headquarters and the individual, though not identified in order that he 
not be embarrassed further, was fired. 

I, Richard L. Schultz, Assistant Minority Counsel for the Select 
Committee On Presidential Campaign Activities, further affirm that 
on September 21, 1973 I contacted Mr. Richard Nahagian by telephone 
at the State Attorney's office, telephone 870-0131, ext. 396, with a 
view toward corroborating the information furnished to me by Mr. 
Jack Easton. Mr. Richard Nahagian corroborated the story of Mr. 
Easton and stated that he did in fact accoinpany Mr. Easton to the 
McGovern Headquarters, located at 449 North Fairfax, Los Angeles, 
California, during September, 1972 and that on this occasion he did note 
that there was scurrilous literature in the McGovern Headquarters 
pertaining to the President of the United States and though his recollection 
is hazy, it is his best judgement and recollection that the material so viewed 
was entitled, "Nixon Is Treyf". Mr. Nahagian also called to .-ny attention 
the fact that the materials which he and Mr. P^aston viewed in the 



McGovern Campaign Headquarters were not properly identified as 
to the individuals or organization who prepared same. 



District of Columbia ) 

Dated: Jjj^^m/rr/i ^, t'^7-3 

Sworn to and subscribed before me th 

is Jytb 

day of November, 1973. 

' Notary Public 
My commission expires 10/31/78 



Exhibit No. 256-3 

affidavit of truman f . campbell 

TRUMAN F. CAMPBELL, being first duly sworn, deposes and says: 

1. That he is, and at all times herein mentioned was, the 
Chairman of the Fresno County Republican Central Committee, Fresno, 

2. That in such capacity he supported the efforts of the 
Re-Elect The President Committee in the campaigns of 1972. 

3. That on or about the 30th day of October, 1972, he was 
called upon by the Re-Elect The President Committee to moderate and 
serve as master of ceremonies at a rally at the Fig Garden Village 
Shopping Center, Fresno, California, where a "People to People" bus 
was to bring several nationally prominent Republican women, including 
Pat Hutar, Connie Armitage, and Ramona Banuelos; that the ladies 
were to speak and local candidates were to be introduced; and that 
entertainment was also to be provided. 

4. That affiant appeared at the time and place set for the 
rally, along with many supporters of President Nixon, including many 
members of the Republican women's organizations in Fresno and the 
surrounding Valley counties. 

5. That also gathering at the said time and place were 
numerous dissidents, some of the Spanish-Mexican race, some carrying 
anti-Nixon signs, some carrying pro-McGovern signs, some carrying 
anti-Proposition 22 (a California ballot proposition relating to 
farm labor) signs, some carrying United Farm Workers Organizing 
Committee (UFWOC) signs and banners; all shouting and jeering, using 
provocative, abusive, and in many instances, obscene language. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 11 


Page 2. 

6. That until the bus arrived the said demonstrators remained 
reasonably orderly^ but that upon the arrival of the bus the demon- 
strators became unruly and uncontrollable, in that they vocally 
shouted down all attempts by affiant and the aforementioned potential 
speakers and entertainers to exercise their rights of free speech, 
and to carry on the rally as planned and organized. 

7. That although affiant had a podium, microphone, ampli- 
fiers and speakers, he could not be heard above the din of the demon- 
strators, nor could any of the others who came to speak and entertain 

8. That there were many instances of provocation which would 
have caused serious consequences, but none of the insults, taunts 

and- challenges were answered, nor were physical abuses returned. 

9. That several of the ladies were pushed, shoved and molestec 
by the demonstrators, but most decline to speak out for fear of 
retaliation. That one, Mrs. Flora Wise, had her hair pulled and was 
struck by a fist in her lower back and required medical attention 
thereafter; that another, Mrs. Eldora Cooney, was struck on the top 
of her head by a sign; that another, Mrs. Linda Carter, was pushed 
and shoved, and another, Mrs. Betty Blackburn, had her wig pulled 
off and thrown under a car; and, that affiant and all of the above- 
named ladies and all of the Nixon supporters were verbally, and 
some physically, abused, as aforesaid, by the close physical pre- 
sence, by the loud and raucous shouting and jeering, by the insult- 
ing remarks and obscene language, and threats on the part of the 
demonstrators . 

10. That when it became obvious that the rally could not 


Page 3 

proceed as planned, the aforesaid personages returned to the bus 
and the bus departed. 

11. That affiant understands that many who were on the bus 
did not come out for fear of their personal safety, and in fact, 
affiant is informed and believes that Mrs. Banuelos did not come 
to Fresno for the same reason. 

12. That affiant recognized several of the participating 
demonstrators as those who had demonstrated in other prior demon- 
strations, and was informed by the California Re-Elect The President 
Committee directors that some of the same demonstrators partici- 
pated in similar demonstrations in other areas throughout the day. 

13. That the demonstrators in fact identified themselves 
and carried signs and banners describing themselves as farm workers 
and members of UFWOC; that they shouted, in Spanish and English, 
anti-Nixon, anti-Proposition 22, anti-Banuelos , pro-McGovern, pro- 
Chavez slogans and comments. 

14. That the California Re-Elect The President Committee 
furnished affiant with evidence in the form of copies of the United 
States General Accounting Office forms which showed that money, 
approximately $52,000.00, had been transferred to El Pueblo con 
McGovern, and from that organization to certain well known activist 
members of UFWOV, and UFWOC itself. 

15. That there are many witnesses available, including the 
aforementioned ladies, who can support the matters hereinabove 
set forth, by affidavit or testimony, but, as indicated, many fear 


Page 4 

retaliation by UFWOC members amTsympathize 

Subscribed and sworn to before 
me this 5th day of October, 1973. 


Notary Public in ^drtd for said State, 



My Commission Expires Morch 11, 1977 


Exhibit No. 256-4 

I W. Dewey Clower, to hereby swear and depose 
that the attached leaflets, reportedly disseminated 
by the McGovern-Berkley Headquarters, were 
utilized in the San Francisco area prior to Sep- 
tember 27, 1972, to promote a demonstration 
against the President on the occasion of his 
campaign visit to that city on the aforementioned 

W. Dewey Glower 


Sworn to and subscribed before me this 
5th day of November, 1973, 


Kjotary/ Public 

My OjmTTiisslcn Expires Moy 31, 1S78 



Ihmmm. •}^:^J^'\^-j^, 'mi^^^-^^p^ 'p^y^^hr^r^^ 

„cHA'i£s R.SMITH I ■ \ ? J ;/-J t^— .r'^i ") ' / t {j,.,/ '^i::^"/'/ ' 

KOI ;^A>'>R5 POAD • ]• 
MILLl .• C/,l.!F. soot 1 



\ t 

(they want to buy four more years of war) 

Richard Nixon is coming to town on Sept. 27th to address a $1,000 a plate 
luncheon at the Sheraton-Palace Hotel, for wealthy contributors to his campaign. 
This is the man who four years ago promised a "secret plan" to end the war. 
This has meant the most intense and indiscriminate bombing in the history of 
warfare, the use of ever' more destructive weapons to replace American soldiers, 
which leave millions of Vietnamese killed, wounded^ or made r^fu^es. 

Nixon also promised "prosperity and harmony" at home. What has this meant for 
us? Frozen wages, welfare cuts, rising prices and increasing unemployment. 
Only for the bankers, industrialists, and other rich people whom Nixon represents 
is there "prosperity and harmony". They will gladly pay a $1,000 to buy a piece 
of Tricky Dick at the Sheraton. 

He 'may please them, but he doesn't fool us. We must express our anger and once 
again shatter the myth of passivity among the people. Now, at election time, 
when Nixon is running on his platform of lies, we must confront him and expose 
him wherever he sliows his face. We hold him and those he represents responsible 
for genocide in Indo-China and oppression in the U.S. There should be no peace 
in the United States until there is peace in Vietnam. 

wm^o m^ 

rally -10:30 eEnbarcardero plaza 
iV-.Ovf. ■•.;,;;. market at ferry big. 

march to Usiichwith NIXONat tlic slicraton palace 


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Cvcry ten days Nixon drops the eouivalent of one atomic bomb on 
Ouang Tri (about the size of Golden Gate Park), he bombs the dikes 
and he stalls in Paris... 

YET, he has the gall to say he's for peace. 

r.'ixon freezes v/aqes, cuts welfare, allows prices to rise and 
encourarjcs unemploypent... 

YET, he has the gall to say he's for workir- people. 

He may please the people who are paying SinoO to have lunch with 
him, but he doesn't fool us. We hold him responsible for gencdde 
in Indochina and misery in the US. 



7] ^(BM i?£^^[l ^l^i 


Exhibit No. 256-5 

• '■' ' AFFIDAVIT 

I, MICHAEL BARRY HELLER, am a Democrat who was once 
active in the Humphrey Campaign during the 1972 Presidential primaries. On 
or about August 13, 1972, I went to work for the Democrats for Nixon organiza- 
tion, as Director of their Fairfax Avenue storefront headquarters in the Los 
Angeles, California area. I was active in managing headquarters activity and 
in marshaling the area Jewish vote for Nixon. 

On the day the Fairfax Avenue Headquarters opened, Mr. James Roosevelt 
and Mr. George Jessel were in attendance. The ceremonies were punctuated 
with heckling by McGovern supporters in the doorway. After the ceremony, 
this heckling continued on the street as Messrs. Roosevelt and Jessel shook 
hands and visited wdth voters on the street. 

I slept in the Fairfax Avenue Headquarters and was very nnuch aware of 
the hostility directed toward our Campaign. Shortly before the Fairfax Avenue 
fire, I moved out of the Headquarters to the Beverly Laurel Hotel in response 
to telephone threats and personal threats to the effect that something was going 
to happen to our headquarters. Hence, I was extremely suspicious of politically 
motivated arson when the Fairfax Avenue fire took place. I have, however, been 
advised that the police investigation into this fire revealed no political motiva- 

While it is difficult to assess the scope of involvement of McGovern sup- 
porters and leadership in the unfortunate atmosphere of campaign hostility, there 
was one particular incident that indicated direct McGovern campaign support of 
this atmosphere. I refer to a piece of scurrilous literature captioned "Nixon is 
Treyf, " copy attached. This literature urged a demonstration against Mr. 
Albert Spiegel, who was active in the Jewish campaign effort in behalf of the 


Presidgnt's re-election. This literature further smeared the President with 
the.slogan "Nixcn Brings The Ovens To The People Rather Than The People 
jTo The Ovens. " I personally saw this piece of literature being passed out • 
in the neighborhood community by McGovern workers and s"aw stacks of it in " 
McGovern storefront headquarters in West Hollywood, California. I reported 
this to Mr. Jack Easton, the Connmunications Director for California CRP. 
Mr. Easton took a representative of the District Attorney's office to the 
McGovern headquarters in West Hollywood and confirmed that the document 
was actually being printed in that Headquarters, 

I swear that the aforegoing is true and accurate to the best of my know- 
ledge, information, and belief. 

Dated this ^^ day of October, 1973. 

Michael Bi«rify Heller 



Sworn to and subscribed before me this 29 day of October, 1973. 




Note. — The piece of literature "Nixon Is Treyf" referred to is published 
as exhibit 247. 


Exhibit No. 256-6 

My name is Byron S. James of 6 Croydan Circle, Piedmont, California. 
This statement is made by me freely and with any reservations. During 
the time period April 1, 19 72 through November 15, 1972, I was employed 
by the California Committee for the Re-Election of the President. On 
May 12-13, 1972 the Republican State Central Committee of California 
held its regular quarterly meeting. This meeting was held at the 
St. Francis Hotel, San Francisco, California. 

On the day of May 12, 1972 Governor Reagan of California and Governor 
Rockerfeller of New York were to attend the meeting. Their prominent 
positions in the campaign for the Re-Election of President Nixon had 
caused a large crowd to gather in Union Square as an act of protest to 
the Vietnam War, to President Nixon and to the Republican Party in 
general. The protest, and the call for persons to attend, had been 
well publicized in the press and media by handbills and by small posters 
posted in numerous locations throughout San Francisco and Berkeley. 

The California Re-Election Committee had a hospitality suite in the 
St. Francis Hotel. The rooms were on about the 10th floor in the front 
and located above the intersection of Post and Powell Streets. 

I arrived at Union Square sometime prior to noon. I wandered around 
Union Square for a while and then went to the hospitality suite. The ->. 
crowd was rather large and numerous policemen were there to control 
traffic and keep the streets open. Also, policemen were at the normal 
street entrances to the Hotel. 

I do not recall the exact time the demonstration began. However, the 
events, as I observed them from a window in the suite, were generally 
as follows: 

There were some speeches in Union Square by persons obviously opposed 
to the re-election of President Nixon. At a point in time, persons 
strategically located in the crowd began the marching around. From 
my point of observation it was obvious that these persons, some with 
bullhorns and large placards, had been so located as to get the crowd 
moving around Union Square in a circular direction. Also, during 
this time I observed individuals with spray paint cans to make the 
peace symbol on the sidewalks in Union Square, They also painted 
anti-Nixon slogans. 

Eventually, the crowd surged onto Post Street and began blocking 
traffic. Boards and rope from a construction job on Post Street 
plus the sheer presence of people were used. A municipal bus was 
stopped. About this time, police officers on motorcycles started 
clearing the street. Eventually, the crowd began throwing objects 
at the police officers. Additionally, the crowd tried to barricade 
the street with boards and rope. It was apparent that serious 
attempts were made to knock the police officers from their motorcycles. 


a^9,/9 7^ 


During this same time period when the street was blocked, small 
groups from the crowd of protesters could be seen going in and out 
of the shops and stores on Post Street, along Union Square. I also 
observed police officers moving these small groups out of the shops 
and stores. 

While the police officers were trying to keep Post Street clear 
(traffic was now halted), one police officer did fall from his 
motorcycle. When he tried to right the motorcycle he and another 
officer were driven back by objects hurled from the crowd. After 
several attempts had been unsuccessful, a male person From the 
crowd ran forward with lighted paper and set the motorcycle on fire. 
Shortly after this, there began an overall effort by the police 
to clear Union Square. This was accomplished. 

As the crowd was being dispersed, I observed several small groups 
again going in and out of the shops. The newspaper reports on the 
following day noted that windows of shops and stores had been broken 
by the crowd as it was being dispersed. 

The above comments present the events of May 12, 1972 to the best of 
my recollection. 



[From the San Francisco Examiner, May 12, 1972] 

' Anti-Wab Riot — Fibes, Rocks Close Stores — 3500 in Union Sq. Outbreak 

Routed After Cycle Upset 

(By Jane Eshleman Conant) 

Downtown San Francisco became a rampaging battlefield this afternoon as 
thousands of anti-war demonstrators swept through the shopping district break- 
ing windows, setting fires, throwing rocks and fighting police. 

They started out peacefully enough at a rally in Union Square. 

Then things got rough. A police motorcycle was tipped over and set afire 
and the order went out to "clear the square." 

The demonstrators — 3500 to 5000 of them — were swept out by police on foot 
and on horseback. 


They swarmed away down Powell and Stockton Streets, in wild disorder. 
Some — perhaps 500 — turned to violence. 

Many were hurt. A number of others were arrested. 

Some stores were closed by their proprietors. 

Cable cars stopped running on Powell Street. Market Street transit was slowed. 

Curiously enough, some shoppers and tourists went about their errands as 
though nothing was happening. Others were caught in the fray ; one gray-haired 
woman was knocked down and stunned. 

The rally was timed to coincide with a set of meetings in the St. Francis Hotel, 
attended by Republican bigwigs including Governors Reagan and Rockefeller. 

like two WORLDS 

It was like two worlds in the Square — referred to by some as the heart of 
the City. 

Inside, the neatly-dressed Republicans lunched in polite serenity. 

Outside, long haired youths and their equally long haired girls listened raptly. 
sang, chanted and even danced as speaker after speaker denounced President 
Nixon's latest moves in Southeast Asia. 

Then — just as Governor Rockefeller concluded his speech to the party faithful 
and Governor Reagan came to the podium — the violence began. 

Reagan was just telling what he described as a new version of the old "Wlio 
was that lady I saw you with last night?" joke. Instead of "That was no lady, 
that was my wife," he said, the new answer is "That was no lady, that was 
my teen-aged son." 

cycle in flames 

The Republicans laughed heartily. Outside, on Post Street, all of a sudden 
the police motorcycle went up in flames and the war was on. 

Demonstrators snatched building materials from a construction job and used 
them as makeshift barricades in the street. 

One ofiicer was hit in the head with a brick. 

A Municipal Railway bus was stalled by the fire. Demonstrators boarded it 
and escorted the passengers out. 

The police, carrying out a predesigned plan, started their sweep. 

Union Square emptied in almost no time. The mounted ofl5cers were particularly 
effective ; demonstrators appeared unwilling to argue with the big, smart and 
well-trained horses. 

Some did challenge the officers who were on foot. Some clubbings followed. 
One youth was dragged and shoved some 50 feet by a baton-armed policeman, 
arguing all the way. Finally he fell to the ground and lay still. When the police 
moved on, the youth jumped up and ran. 

The demonstrators, now in smaller groups or in rough parade-type file moved 
down toward Market Street, breaking windows as they went. 

Across from the City of Paris, several smashed windows in a police car and 
pelted it with rocks. They tried to tip it over but ran when the mounted police 
came at them. 

Two youths were arrested here. One promptly climbed out of the police car 
and fled, but was overtaken and re-arrested. 

Windows were smashed in Woolworth's at Powell and Market. It was closed 
for the day. 

A big trash fire was lit in a bin on the Emporium side of Market Street across 
from Powell. 



Windows were knocked out in Grodin's at Stockton and O'Farrell. 

Some passersby were reported cut by flying glass on Post Street. 

Rioters sprayed paint on buildings at Ellis and Powell Streets. 

Police concentrated on keeping the demonstrators moving, in small groups. 

When they observed these fractional elements merging into bigger crowds, they 
moved in with more "sweeps." One of these was ordered about an hour after the 
initial breakup when a crowd formed again at Powell and Post, just outside the 
St. Francis. 

Motorcycle squads were used for mobility. 

A police horse fell in the 200 block of Powell Street and was injured. The animal 
lay quietly, covered with a blanket. Demonstrators gathered around to rubber- 


The Day and Night branch of the Bank of America was shut ahead of the 
regular clo ing hour. 

A splinter group of demonstrators headed for the new Federal Building at 450 
Golden Gate Ave. Police told the security guards to prepare for trouble. The 
demonstrators disappeared after 10 minutes. 

Just before the affair began, a hidden arsenal of rocks and lengths of pipe 
was uncovered in the square. 

Four big shopping bags of the weapons were tilled as officers plucked 6 to 8 inch 
pieces of pipe and smooth round rocks from the shrubbery, under trash, and in 
the garbage cans. 

Reagan was driven here from Sacramento with a military helicopter "flying 
shotgun" over his car along Interstate Route 80. California Highway Patrol cars 
gave him ground escort. 


ExraBIT No. 256-7 


I, JOHN C. LUNGREN, M.D., do hereby certify that the attached 
photographs were taken in my professional offices at 2898 Linden Avenue, Long 
Beach, California, on September 21, 1972, and that they accurately depict the 
scene I found in my secretary's office upon arriving for work that morning. 

The photographs show damage to the closet door. This closet was used as 
a vault and the door is kept locked. Inside the closet, I maintained an unlocked 
safe for the safekeeping of the medical records of the President of the United 
States. I had been the President's personal physician before he entered the 
White House and have acted as a medical consultant for the President since 
then. The President's records, dating back to I960, were kept in chronological 
order in a file folder inside a manila envelope in the aforementioned safe. 

A search of my office premises on September 21, 1972, revealed an apparent 
break- in. The intruders gained access to the suite of professional offices by 
forcing the sliding glass doors in the adjacent office of a colleague. Dr. Buell. 
Nothing appeared disturbed in the building on September 21 other than the contents 
of the closet safe. 

As shown in the photographs, the contents of the safe, including three business 

checkbooks, an office ledger book, a payroll record book, and the President's 

records were strewn about the floor outside the closet. The President's records 

were outside the manila envelope in which they were kept. The petty cash money 

bag, containing approximately $50. 00, was in the closet vmdisturbed. 
; I exannined the President's records in the file folder and found them to be 

out of the chronological order in which they were maintained. This led me to 
speculate that the President's records had been examined and, perhaps, photo- 
graphed, although I am aware of nothing of a compromising or embarrassing 
nature contained in those records. 


The September 21, 1972, break-in was the second break-in of my offices 
during that month. Previously, on Labor Day weekend, entry was gained in 
the same nnanner and the closet door forced open. On that occasion the offices 
were ransacked and $27. 00 stolen. The contents of the safe were undisturbed. 

The September 21, 1972, break-in was investigated by the Long Beach 
Police Department and the FBI. I understand that the crime ren-iains unsolved. 

I sw^ear that this statennent is true and correct to the best of my knowledge, 
information, and belief. 

Dated this" 

\ day of - Oc t o ber, 1973. 


^ohn C. Lung r en, (Mi D. 

Sworn to and subscribed before me this o^/^ day of O ct ober , 1973. 


Notary Public Calilornia 

My CommUslor Expires Sept. 28, 197< 





y' / 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 12 






Jdfts Ellis & Associates 


1221 Madison, Oakland 9461 2 
Telephone 835-2007 

Exhibit No. 256-8 

'OCTOBER 9, 1973 







.':-uJscribed and sworn lo fca'jre me tnii 
-Jj:^ day of ,,.^!:=i:t,i?t?*,^ifeM9i 


"jrnciAi, SEAT ! 

""-'^ - CALIFORMi* " 

'■•'''"••.•■.■,.„,';;',V,",",|;;;;' ;-jn.i.y ., ,,« s 








Exhibit No. 256-9 

The Chairman of the Committee to Re-elect the President, 
in Hillsborough County, appointed me Chairman of the Agnew 
Appearance Day, giving me the highest responsibility to work 
with the Vice President's advance team in preparation for his 
visit to Tampa on September 29, 1972. 

For one full week prior to the Vice President's visit, 
I worked day and night on his scheduled appearance and was 
fully aware of the activities in the community prior to his 
visit. On Wednesday night, 300 to 400 youths met at a rally 
on the University of South Florida campus with the avowed 
purpose of disrupting the Friday noon visit of the Vice President 
of the United States of America. 

The advance men reported to me that this was a potentially 
dangerous event because many of the young people on our campus 
at the rally were using drugs and were obviously affected 
thereby. It was my understanding that there were weapons at 
the rally, although none were used. Some of the youths did 
have small arms on their person. However, the advance team 
Informed me that the situation was well under control, for both 
the Secret Service and the FBI were at the rally and were 
making note of certain individuals who obviously had a history 
of causing public disturbances. 

On Friday, the day of the Vice President's visit, I was 
in charge of events inside the hall. I received a report that 
there were 200 to 300 demonstrators protesting outside the 
Curtis Hixon Convention Hall interfering with the band that 
was playing patriotic music in the morning, and hindering 
those who wanted to enter the hall. They were carrying placards 
and signs in protest to the administration and our involvement 
in the war in Southeast Asia, and calling the President and 
Vice President of the United States murderers and other terms 
equally unjustified. 

The meeting proceeded on schedule, however, with tight 
security on those entering the hall. 


During the program, 1 was seated at the head table at 
the platform where I had a distinct view of the 6000 people 
in the hall who came to hear and see the Vice President. Prior 
to his appearance, a group of over 100 young people formed in 
the hall. They had smuggled in signs and revealed these prior 
to the Vice President's appearance, condemning the administra- 
tion, the President and Vice President for activities in the 
war in Southeast Asia. The signs supported Hanoi, North Vietnam 
and, in general, the Communist objectives in that part of the 
world. In addition to the over 100 young people who sat 
together at the rally, there were some two to three dozen 
scattered among those in attendance on the main floor of the 
hall. They also carried signs, walked around the hall blocking 
the view of those who were seated in the hall, and in general, 
caused a disturbance and a most unpleasant atmosphere. Some 
of the demonstrators waived Communist flags. All of this was 
prior to the Vice President's appearance. 

The Vice President did appear on schedule in the hall. 
When he arrived at the platform to make his address, these 
100-plus people began to shout in unison and heckle the 
Vice President, calling him a murderer. This, of course, 
caused considerable disturbance to those who were in attend- 
ance, as well as showing extreme disrespect for the Office of 
the Vice President of the United States of America. This 
disturbance continued for approximately 15 minutes, the entire 
duration of the Vice President's address. The ushers were 
unable to contain the disturbance or to escort those who were 
causing the disturbance from the hall. However, two or three 
young people were escorted out of the hall after they had 
gotten into a skirmish with some of the older men and women 
in the audience. Several times the shouting was applauded 
down by those in attendance, and when the applause overcame 
the heckling and vulger shouts, the disrupters would refrain 
momentarily. Each time the Vice President began his address, 
it would start over again. This continued throughout the 
entire address of the Vice President. 


The effectiveness of the FBI and Secret Service, and 
all those concerned with the security of the Vice President 
did prevent harm from 

State of Florida ) 
County of Hillsborough ) ss. 

On this the 29th day of October, 1973, before me, 
Betty Wargo, the undersigned, personally appeared 
Shelton A. Thorne, known to me to be the person whose name 
he subscribed to the foregoing statement, and acknowledged 
that he executed the same for the purposes therein contained, 


In witness whereof, I hereunto set my hand and official 


r^ (jJd 

dA, ^0 


Betty Wargo 

Notary Public ^ 


EXfflBIT No. 256-10 


I am GEORGE NORMAN BISHOP, JR. of Columbus, Georgia. I am presently 
Southern Regional Director of the Republican National Committee. In 1972 I was 
Field Director for the campaign of Fletcher Thompson for the U. S. Senate. 

I was in Atlanta for the President's campaign visit on October 12, 1972, and 
during the week prior to this visit. I recall seeing leaflets advertising an anti- 
Nixon demonstration during that week. 

On the day of the President's visit, I was shooting 16 mm. film for potential 
commercial television use. This involved meeting the Presidential party at the 
airport and accompanying the motorcade to the Regency Hyatt House where the 
President was to attend a reception, after making brief comments to a crowd 
gathered to welcome him at the Hotel. 

There was a huge and enthusiastic turnout for the President along the motor- 
cade route. The motorcade moved rapidly without incident to the Regency Hyatt 
House. Upon arriving at the Regency, I noticed a very large cluster of protesters 
on the south edge of the Hotel driveway. The demonstrators, comprising approx- 
imately 35% of the Hotel crowd, had signs- -some of which I believe were obscene-- 
and were chanting and yelling. I was immediately concerned, particularly remem- 
bering an apparent attempt to provoke violence by demonstrators at a Senator 
Goldwater speaking engagement in Warner Robbins, Georgia one month before. 
There was a tremendous crush of people that surged forward as the President 
emerged from his vehicle to enter the Hotel. The police moved them back so that 
the President could enter the building in safety. 

The large crowd lingered outside the Hotel in anticipation of a Presidential 
appearance. I understand that the President did not reappear to make brief comments 


because of the demonstrators. The demonstrators, along with the crowd, dispersed 
when it became apparent that there would be no further appearance. 

There is another incident that occurred in Georgia during the last month of 
the campaign that I believe is deserving of the Select Committee's attention. I 
am referring to a large quantity of 4' x 8' plywood signs, professionally painted, 
suggesting a Nixon— Nunn ticket. These signs were painted in a paint shop in 
Perry, Georgia, and transported to Dublin, Georgia. Thereafter, they were 
placed along the highway by personnel not sympathetic to the President. 


ed this T^^ day of October, 1973. 

y " ' 

.^ / 0J^9^ /^^' i 

Gelirge Norman Bishop, Jr. f 

Sworn to and subscribed before me this ^?9 d^y of October, 1973. 

Exhibit No. 256-11 


I am MRS. JOHN HARKINS of Sandy Springs, Georgia, On October 12, 1972, 
I accompanied a group of young people from the Sandy Springs High School to a 
vantage point near the Regency Hyatt House Hotel in Atlanta to view the President 
of the United States. The President was makixig a campaign visit to Georgia and 
was coming to the Regency from the airport via motorcade. 

Our group arrived early in the morning, and we were there as a large, enthu- 
siastic crowd gathered throughout the morning. The crowd was well mannered 
and eagerly awaited the arrival of the President with patriotic anticipation. 

Approximately one hour before the President arrived, a bus pulled up in front 
of the Capitol City Club and approximately 75 demonstrators got off with rolled up 
signs. The apparent leaders of this group directed thpm to the left front of the 
Regency. While I did not see all of the signs, I am told by others in attendance 
that the signs were basically anti-Nixon and pro-McGovem. I understand that 
some of the signs were obscene. 

When the President arrived, the mob of dennonstrators turned the anticipated 

glimpse of the President into a near nightmare. There was an abundance of jeers, 

catcalls, abusive language, all accompanied by pushing and shoving by the demon- 

strators. Ott'r group was pushed into the street. I was genuinely fearful for the 

President's well being, as the mob scene bordered on violence. 

The tragic thing about the demonstration was its impact on the happy bunch 

of beautiful young Americans that I had acconnpanied to see the President. They 
were both embarrassed and disiUusioned, and their thrill at seeing the President 
^vas tainted by the offensive acta of the dennonstrators. Wbile I am neither a 
Republican nor a zealous supporter of Richard Nixon, I think it is a sbatne that 


candidates for high office, the American public, and the President of the United 
States cannot commingle absent foul and provocative demonstration. 

Dated this ^ (^ day of October, 1973. 

I \\/a> \ A ;^) -noLA Vo" . , 


s. John Harkins 

Sworn to and subscribed before me this ^ <■ day of October, 1973. 



Exhibit No. 256-12 

October 25, 1973 

Mr. Fred Thompson, Minority Counsel 

Senate Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities 

Room G-308 

Dirksen Office Building 

Washington, D. C. 20515 

Dear Mr. Thompson: 

During the 1972 Presidential Campaign, I was s staff member for the 
Georgia Committee for the Re-Election of the President. Enclosed is a 
sample of flyers that were distributed on the Emory University campus 
as well as the downtown area. This particular flyer was handed to me in 
the downtown area of Atlai^ta. Many of these flyers were placed directly 
above posters announcing the President's visit to Atlanta, 

On the day of the President's visit I, along with other members of the 
campaign staff, stood near the entrance to the Regency Hyatt House. Seemingly 
everyone around us was holding signs favorable to the President. I do 
recall seeing a few signs acattered about for McGovern, but nothing to 
really attract my attention. However, when the President's car arrived at 
the hotel, from out of nowhere, demonstrators pushed forward, knocking 
down the ropes and other barricades around the driveway. Signs, quite 
obviously hidden prior to the President's arrival, suddenly appeared bearing 
such words as "Sicky, Sicky Dick", Nixon's War Crimes" and'Nixon is 
through in '72". 

For approximately 3 to 5 minutes there was mass confusion. There were 
continuous chants from the demonstrators of "Sicky, Sicky Dick", but 
more disgusting than this was their most abusive and filthy language to those 
people standing around them. The President was unable to go to the VEP 
reviewing box located in front of the hotel, as had been previously planned. 
Demonstrators completely surrounded the President's car and there was 
concern on my part, as well as others standing around me, for the 
President's safety. < 

I do hope that the above information will be of some use to you. 


Linda Miller ' ' 






RALLY 10:30 


I'l.A/.A PA!<K ( Pa the UN I (KKGROirND) 




PARTIAL LIST OF ENDORSERS : Atlanta Coardinatlng Committee, Atlanta Peace 
Action Coalition, City-Wide Student Mobilization Committee, Gay Liberation 
Front, Georgia State Student Mobilization Committee, Socialist Workers Party, 


Exhibit No. 256-13 

I, Merritt R. Laubenheimer, Jr., have acted on many oc- 
casions since 1968 to aid White House advance men, who 
have made arrangements for visits of President Nixon and 
Vice President Agnew to the Chicago area. 

On September 26th of 1972 Vice President Agnew was in 
Chicago for a young peoples concert sponored by (Youth 
for Nixon) and the following morning went to a rally at 
Proviso East High School in Maywood, Illinois. During 
this visit the Vice President was greeted with demonstra- 
tors when he arrived at the hotel and the following morn- 
ing when he was in Maywood. The demonstrators were not 
able to provide harrassment at the youth concert as they 
were not allowed, by police, to enter the building and 
his motorcade entered the building by means of an under- 
ground entrance. On October 18th when Mr. Agnew came to 
Chicago he was continually disturbed by large groups of 
unruly demonstrators who were kept at bay by the police. 
Mr. Agnew attended a dinner the night of the 18th at 
Mccormick Place and was greeted there by a large group 
of demonstrators. 

President Nixon also came to Chicago on October 18th for 
the same dinner, arriving late (approximately 9:30 p.m.) 
and joined the Vice President at the speakers table. Dem- 
onstrators were present when both departed from the dinner. 
President Nixon made a second visit to Chicago on November 
3rd in which he addressed a large group (approximately 
20,000) at the airport. There were approximately 125 
demonstrators, carrying signs, who were allowed to enter 
the hangar at O'Hare during this rally. They were quite 
unruly and several times interrupted the remarks which 
the President and others made. 

It is my opinion, from remarks which I heard made by the 
Department of Justice undercover people and Secret Service 
men, that these were demonstrators whom they had expected 
to see during these visits as a result of their under- 
cover work. Further these groups would often pass out 
flyers in advance stating that they would be there demon- 
strating and urging others to join them. Also, whenever 

J^M^ 7?j £Acl 



news events nationally or having to do with the Vietnam 
situation stirred the demonstrators they were seen to 
picket outside and actually enter and cause mild disturb- 
ance within the Committee to Reelect offices on S. Dear- 
born St. in Chicago. 

I would further state that since President Nixon and Vice 
President Agnew were inaugurated on January 20, 1969 they 
have made numerous visits to Chicago. To by best recollec- 
tion there have been some sort of groups demonstrating at 
some point along the route of each visit, predominantly 
anti-war demontrators. In the case of Vice Presid^t Agnew' s 
visits these groups have often numbered in ejcdesj^yOpy SOpi 

The foregoing affidavit was executea '^d^s^^i^eCT^^^oreme 
and in my presence by Merritt R. Laubenheimer, Jr. of 
Winnetka, Illinois 

Subscribed and sworn to, by me, this seventh day of October 
1973, at Winnetka, Illinois. 

Notary PublAc 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 13 


Exhibit No. 256-14 



I hereby affirm that the following information 
contained in this affadavit is accurate and true to the best 

of my knowledge. 

DATE: October 26, 1973 


Alexander C. Ray, Executive Director 
Maine Republican State Committee 
187 State Street 
Augusta, Maine 04330 

The above named Alexander C. Ray personally appeared before me and 
swore that the statements 'contained herein are true and accurate to 
the best of his belief. 

Dated: October 26, 1973 


My Commission expires: February, 1974 


On the 28th and 29th of April, 1972, Maine Republicans held their 
biennial State Convention at the State Armory in the City of Augusta, Maine. 
Approximately 3,500 Republicans were assembled on April 28 in the Armory to 
hear the convention's keynote address by former Vice President Spiro T. Agnew. 

State and local police as well as the Vice President's advance men 
and the Secret Service were aware through published newspaper accounts that 
anti-war protesters were planning on picketing the convention. We made arrangements 
with these agencies to cordon off an area in the Armory parking lot, adjacent to 
the Armory, to allow the protesters to conduct a peaceful demonstration so they 
wDiild not disrupt the proceedings of the convention and would not inhibit the free 
passage of the delegates. 

The demonstrators planned a rally in the Capitol Park area at noon and 
they were then to proceed to the Armory. Capitol Park is located directly across 
the street from the State House and approximately one -half mile from the Armory. 
(See clippings marked #s 1 and 2) . 

The identifiable leaders of the rally and the demonstration were: 
RogerTheberge, a member of the Viet Nam Veterans Against the War; Carolyn Dow, 
of the United Low Income People; Larry Moskowitz, a member of the Communist Party 
in Maine; John Hanson, of the Maine State Federated Labor Council; and Everett 
Brown Carson, a Democratic candidate for Congress in the First District of Maine. 

At this noon rally, the demonstrators were read a telegram frcan Democratic 


Governor Kenneth M. Curtis of Maine who said in his message that he wholeheartedly 
supported what the demonstrators were doing. 

At the Augusta Aniiory, Maine State Police covered all entrances (See 
clipping # 3). The demonstrators marched to the Armory, surrounded the building, 
and completely ignored the section that had been reserved for them. They chanted 
obscenities of the lowest possible nature as they continued circling the Armory. 
The demonstrators tore down the American Flag from the flagpole in frontof the 
AnrKJry. They ripped down the lettering on the Armory marquee, replacing a greeting 
to the Vice President with "WELmME VIET CONG" . THe demonstrators threw bread, 
fruit, cans, and plastic bags filled with tomato juice to simulate blood. Some 
of these objects hit our delegates and policemen.. They also placed signs accusing 
the Vice President of ^furder and hung a figure of Agnew in effigy. Towards the 
end of the demonstration, the protesters burned a field adjacent to the Armory. 

As the Vice President left the Armory through a side entrance he and 
his entourage were attacked by some demonstrators who threw tomato juice, climbed 
on his automobile, and attacked state police officers and secret service personnel. 

The Maine State Police took movie and still photographs of the events, 
although no prosecutions resulted. 

News clippings and newspaper photograps from the convention are included 
in this affadavit, as are two editorials condemning the Democratic Governor for 
his support of the rioters. 


Antiwar rally 

A rally at Capitol Park Thursday at antiwar protest group then marclied to 
noontime gatiiered a diverse crowd of the Armory where Vice President Agnew 
demonstrators at the State House. The was speaking. (KJ Photo by Seideman) 


Before the march 
Carolyn Dow speaks at Capital Park, demonstration starting point. 

— KJ Photo by Seidemai 


Solid blue-gray line 

state Police officers covered all entrances to the GOP an American flag in front of the armory or by hanging 
convention at the Armory Friday, courteous but firm. Nixon in effigy. (KJ Photo by Seideman) 
Demonstrators failed to get a leaction by cutting down 



Looking In 

AUGUSTA, Maine (APi - 
[Senate President Kenneth P. 
MacLeod of Brewer found him- 
self locked out of the Augusta 
armory during Vice President 
Spiro T. Agnew's speech Friday 
to the state Republican con- 

The GOP official said he had 
gone outside to watch the anti- 
war protestors and couldn't get 
back into the armory to hear 
Agnew because police closed 
off the entrances. 

MacLeod, who was supposed 
to be on the platform with the 
vice president and other party 
leaders, said he was spattered 
when the demonstrators threw 
plastic bags full of tomato juice 
"and other guck." 


Profesfers' version 

Demonstrators changed a greeting for the vice 
president to this and hung the president in effigy, (KJ 
Photo by Seideman) 


In protest 

Although demonstrators were supposed to be cor- front of the armory. (KJ Photo by Seideman) 
railed in the parking lot, they parked themselves in 


Protesters Were Few But Noisy 
(By Donald C. Hansen) 

Vice President Agnew came here Friday to accept the cheering applause of 
Maine Republican conventioneers and left town two hours later with the chants 
of Vietnam War protesters ringing in his ears. 

Agnew was introduced to Republicans as tlie vice president of the United States 
and "a man who tells it like it is" l)y Sen. Margaret Chase Smith. 

To between 300 and 400 chanting protesters outside the Augusta Armory he 
was a "murderer" and a "fascist." Several waved Viet Cong flags. 

Inside the convention center at the armory, about 2,500 Republican delegates 
and alternates applauded when Agnew defended the U.S. conduct of the war 
in Southeast Asia. 

Outside the armory protesters threw bread, fruit and tomato juice at the 
Vice Presi<lent's car as he and his wife left. Two young protesters broke through 
a State Police and Secret Service ring around the car and pounded on the 
trunk with their fists. 

"One, two, three, four, we don't want your f war," they chanted again 

and again. 

There were no arrests made by police, a fact which bothered some GOP 

The large plastic letters on a National Guard marquee reading "Maine Wel- 
comes Mr. and Mrs. Spiro. Agnew" were taken down and destroyed by the 
protesters and tomato juice was thrown at the sign. An American flag was also 
taken down. 

A spokesman for the protesters, Ray Lavasseur of Augusta, a member of Vet- 
erans Against the War in Vietnam, said the group would make restitution for any 

There was no direct confrontation between the protesters and Agnew. State 
and local police ringed the armory and no protesters were permitted to enter the 
building while the Vice President was speaking inside. 

Protesters, largely young men and women termed the demonstration "a 

Some GOP delegates called it "shocking," "disre.spectful," and a "disgrace." 

The demonstrators, led by Veterans Against the Vietnam War, marched about 
a mile from a noon rally at Capitol Park to the Armory where they chanted, 
shouted obscenities and sang songs outside the main door of the convention 

They chanted "Stop The War Now" over and over again, occasionally shouting 

"F you, Agnew," and finally sitting down on the asphalt to sing a song called 

"Gives Peace A Chance." 

The GOP State Committee had turned over a large section of the armory park- 
ing lot for use l)y the demonstrators but they refused to use it. 

Instead, the chanting, placard-waving protesters marched directly to the mar- 
quee in front of the armory and ripped down the lettering welcoming Mr. and 
Mrs. Agnew. The Agnews were already inside the armory attending a private 
reception when the demonstrators arrived. 

In place of the lettering they placed signs accusing the vice president of mur- 
der, hung an efl3gy of Agnew from the marquee. 

About a dozen State Police stood rigid and unmoving in front of the Armory 
watching as the lettering was ripped down and a tomato juice concoction re- 
sembling blood was thrown at the marquee. 

Some convention delegates watching from the front steps of the armory were 
angered that police made no move to prevent the demonstrators from ripping 
down the lettering. 

Paul Austin, a GOP alternate from Brunswick, watched as the lettering was 
torn down and said "I can go along with demonstration, but not with destruction. 
They ought to be kicked in the heads. And most of tliem aren't even veterans." 
he added. 

Members of Veterans Against the Vietnam War. dressed in combat fatigues 
and many carrying toy rifles which they synd>olically broke, stood in front of the 
bulk of the demonstrators and near the file of State Police in front of the armory. 

They were stationed there, they said, to prevent physical violence, fights or 
confrontations between protesters and conventioneers. 


"We're here to prevent trouble," one of the veterans, Nick Hazlett, of Portland, 
told a stony-faced ^tate Police trooper. "If there's any trouble, look to us." 

'"You'd better see the lieutenant about that," the trooper replied. 

A GOP delegate from Bangor, Lawrence LaPointe watched the demonstrators 
rip down the numiuee lettering and blamed much of the trouble on the press and 

"This is a leftist group and I think the press is at fault," he said. "It's 
sensational and the press plays it up. These people are a minority but TV plays 
it up." 

Some other delegates felt much the same way. When a television photographer 
climbed on the trunk of a car to take pictures, one delegate said "It's a good 
thing that's not my car or I'd rip your foot off." 

Delegate Frank Garland of Freejxirt winced visibly as the demonstrators 

chanted "F you, Agnew," and said he considered the protest "distasteful. It 

shows a lack of resi)ect for the women who are here." 

Garland, who is a member of the Freeport School Committee, said "There's 
too much encouragement for this kind of thing, and some of it comes from our 
educational institutions." 

The demonstration, which some thought might attract as many as 2,000 pro- 
testers from throughout the state, fell far short of that goal. 

They assembled quietly in Capitol Park across the street from the State House, 
and heard a variety of .speeches before marching to the armory. 

Roger Theberge, a former helicopter pilot in Vietnam and a student at the 
University of Maine in Augusta, the acting coordinator for the protest, said 
Republicans are as deeply to blame for the Vietnam War as Democrats. 

Larry Moskowitz of Freeport claimed that President Nixon and Vice President 
Agnew were war criminals and murderers. "The gangsters who are now in the 
White House make the Matia look like a bunch of Gardiner Cub Scouts," he said 

Tlie purpose of the protest was supported by Democratic Gov. Kenneth M. 
Curtis who sent a telegram to the group which said "I wholeheartedly support 
your objectives" to end the war in Vietnam. He declined an invitation from the 
protesters to march with them. 

One Democratic congressional candidate — Everett Brown Carson of Bruns- 
wick — a meml)er of the Vietnam veterans group, was on hand for the march and 
the armory protest. 

Other speakers included John Hanson of the Maine State Federated Labor 
Council who said that "rank and file workers in America are against the war," 
and said that "since 1964 absolutely nothing concerning this war has been 

Also speaking were representatives from the women's lib movement and a 
spokeswoman for United Low Income People. 

After the Vice President finished his armory speech his car was driven up to 
a side door and w-as quickly encircled by demonstrators. The Agnews waited 
inside the Armory for several minutes while Secret Service agents and State 
Police cleared a path to the car. 

Then the Agnews walked quickly the few steps to the car and entered while 
the demonstrators shouted and jeered. The car. surrounded by both police and 
protesters moved slowly out of the Armory parking lot to the nearby Augusta 
State Airport where the Agnews flew to Portland. 


Augusta, Maine (AP). — The chairman of the GOP State Committee said 
Tuesday that Democratic Gov. Kenneth M. Curtis "is attempting to cover up 
his support for the violent and destructive demonstration which occurred at 
the Republican State Convention" last week. 

Charles E. Moreshead said Curtis was trying to "shift the blame to Vice Presi- 
dent (SpiroT.) Agnew." 

Moreshead added that in a te'egram sent to the protesters (the day before 
the demonstrations) Curtis "supported and encouraged their activities, which 
included the tearing down of our American flag, the raising of a Viet Cong flag, 
the shouting of obscenities at the vice president and the destruction of private 
and public property." 


"It amazes me how Curtis can rationalize his position by claiming that the 
views of Mr. Asnew are as dangerons to the future of democracy as are the 
revolutionaries in the street," said Moreshead. . 

"Rather than to continue this debate I will leave it up to the citizens of Maine 
to decide whether democracy and freedom are improved by such unlawful demon- 
strations " concluded Moreshead in a statement released by his office. 

l-'uew criticized Democratic presidential contenders for being un-American 
in their stands against the Nixon administration on the Indochina conflict. 
Included in the criticism was Maine's Sen. Edmund S. Muskie. 


Exhibit No. 256-15 

montgomery county 

R[?pyiLaeAM central coM^u^iTTig 


CHAIRMAN - 65'*-6986 

_. October 30, 1973 

from Joann Rogers Niefeld of 11813 Timber Lane, Rockville, Maryland. 

I, Joann Rogers Niefeld, being a resident of Montgomery County, 
Maryland and a citizen of the United States of America, do hereby 
affirm the following. That on or about 5 October, 1972, I received 
numerous complaints from three or four precincts in the Silver Spring 
area concerning the unauthorized collection of funds by person or 
persons representing themselves as Republican Party workers." Ed 
Cadwallder, Precinct Chairman of 13-17, was also notified and immed- 
iate precautions were instituted. These precautions included a 
county-wide mailing to all Party leaders along with press releases 
to all local papers. 

Unfortunately none of the support documents are available except 
two newspaper articles, Csee attached) because all documents relating 
to that period in time are missing from Montgomery County Republican 
Headquarters. Our efforts to ascertain as to who might be responsible 
for the collection of monies while misrepresenting themselves as 
Republican workers, while handing out McGovern literature have proven 
to be fruitless. These collections lasted from one to trwo weeks and 
to the best of oui? knowledge, discontinued immediately after the 
public was made aware of them. 

The exact method of these illegal collections were ^s follows, Per- 
son or persons unknown would go to houses in the above anentioned 




CHAIRMAN - es^t-egsB 

Page two - Affadavit of Joann Rogers Niefeld. f 

area and would solicit whatever financial help persons would give 
to the Republican Party. They would explain that they had a tough 
fight on their hands and needed every dollar they could raise. 
After the person gave the money, they would then be handed a piece 
of pro-McGovern literature. After they handed out the literature 
they vjould then depart from the premises. If they were challenged 
as to why they were giving out pro-McGovern literature, they would 
either retort with a slang expression or sometimes would explain 
that the regular Republican Party of Montgomery County could not 
endorse Nixon-Agnew. There were, to the best of ray knowledge, no 
receipts given by these person or persons. 





County of ) ss. >- 

Montgomery ) 

Subscribed and sworn to before me, a Notary Public in and for 
said County, this 30th day of October, 1973. 

/Z-TAli ^ yS^^. 


^^anet M. Stevens, Notary Public 
i/Montgomery County, Maryland 
My Commission Expires July 1, 1974. 


EXfflBIT No. 256-16 



I, Samuel Hopkins, of 4302 Wendover Road, Baltimore, Maryland 
21218, of lawful age, being duly sworn, deposes and says as follows: 

1) During the 1972 Presidential campaign, I served as Chairman 
of the Baltimore City Committee for the Re-Election of the President 
with Headquarters at 403 North Charles Street and 3021 West North 
Avenue. This Committee was a sub-committee of the Maryland Committee 
for the Re-Election of the President located at 7979 Old Georgetown 
Road (Suite 600), Bethesda, Maryland 20014. State Senator Edward 

P. Thomas, Jr. (Frederick and Carroll Counties) served as Chairman 
and David Neideffer, 5807 Greenlawn Drive, Bethesda, Maryland, 20014 
served as Executive Director of the Maryland Committee. The Maryland 
Re-Elect Committee approved and paid expenses of the Baltimore City 
Committee which operated on a very limited budget. The Maryland 
Committee for the Re-Election of the President has figures on the 
costs incurred from instances of vandalism. 

2) This information is submitted in response to an October 12, 
1973 verbal request which was confirmed in a letter dated October 
12, 1973, which reached me on October 13, for details of certain 
incidents which had been called to the attention of Mr. Michael J. 
Madigan, Assistant Minority Counsel of the Select Committee by 
Mr. David Neideffer, Executive Director of the Maryland Re-Elect 
Committee. Mr. Neideffer phoned me on October 10, 1973 to let me 
know he had called these incidents to the attention of the Select 
Committee and that they would phone me. 

3) The two costly incidents of vandalism involving the 403 North 
Charles Street Headquarters were: 

(a) The large building-wide sign over the entrance dis- 
appeared, as I remember, during the night of August 12,. 1972 
a day or two after it was installed. This was reported to 
the Baltimore City Police and, I believe, to the FBI. 

(b) We were never able to completely remove the paint. or 
chemicals which were used to write anti-Nixon sentiments on 
the stone below the plate glass window. Funds were unsuccess- 
fully expended in an effort to remove this writing — but it 
can still be seen. We finally settled this damage to the 
building by waiving our rental deposit which, I believe, was 
$300.00. The Baltimore City Policy Department knows about this 


Affidavit of Samuel Hopkins continued. 

4) Telephone call requesting that our 3021 North Avenue Head- 
quarters be given up because it would not be tolerated by area 
residents who were opposed to the re-election of the President. 
Early in September 1972, at about the time we opened our Headquarters 
at 3021 West North Avenue, I received this telephone call. Since I 
know of no witnesses to this phone call and the fact that the phoner 
could well have been an imposter, I will not mention in this affi- 
davit more than the nature of the remarks made by the caller. 

Ater the usual steps of identification and pleasantries, 
this caller proceeded to voice lengthy, strong and forceful objectior 
to a re-Elect Committee Headquarters at 3021 West North AveiiuG. 
The arguments made were to the effect that you have no business in 
my area, the people in the neighborhood will not stand for this 
Headquarters, Mr. Nixon has no supporters there, the people all 
oppose the President and their feelings should be respected or they 
will respond with acts of violence against the Headquarters. You 
will not be able to stay. 

My reply to my caller was that the opening of this Head- 
quarters had been urged by Republican leaders in the area. They 
felt that if we did not open this Headquarters it would be used to 
support the argioment the President was not interested in the people 
of the area. To them it was essential to have a headquarters . in 
the area. They believed the area would give the President a much 
improved vote over 1968. Our conversation ended with the phoner 
again forcefully insisting the President had no support in the area 
and that the presence of a headquarters there would not be tolerated 

I reported this phone conversation to Mr. Archie M. Jones, 
1607 North Dukeland Street. Mr. Jones was Co-chairman of the 
Baltimore City Re-Elect Committee and also Chairman of the Republi- 
can City (State Central) Committee of Baltimore City. I also 
reported it to David Neideffer, Executive Director of the Maryland 
Re-Elect Committee. Mr. Jones, whose home is near the 3021 West 
North Avenue Headquarters, directed its operations. He had been a 
strong supporter of its opening. Our discussion brought out the 
fact that there had been a pattern of other telephone calls to dis- 
suade Republican leaders from more than a token campaign. Although 
these calls may have been upsetting, the indications were that they 
had been ineffective. We agreed things were going well despite the 
calls and that it would be difficult, costly and, in fact, im- 
practical to take any action to stop or identify the caller in 
these situations. As things turned out, a sample of five precincts 
near 3021 West North Avenue, shows the Nixon vote rose from 4.0% 
in 1968 to 13.2% in 1972. 


Affidavit of Samuel Hopkins continued. 

5) Unfortunately, the phone caller's prediction, covered in 
Item #4 as to destruction, proved correct. The large plate glass 
windows at 3021 West North Avenue Headquarters were broken on two 
occasions. The Baltimore City Police and I, believe, the FBI 
investigated these incidents of vandalism. The phoner's prediction 
that we would be unable stay in the Headquarters proved to be 
incorrect . 

6) Enclosed is letter from David Neideffer pertaining to the 
incidents which occurred in Baltimore Cj^y. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this /pl^ <3ay of October 


My Commission expires 


pt. 12 --- 14 



Republican State 
Central Committee 
of Maryland 


Edward P Thomas. Jr. 

First Vice Chairman 
Mrs. Sylvia Hermann 

Second Vice Chairman 
James R. Pope 

Third Vice Chairman 
Gary P Ponzoll 

Archie M. Jones 


Mrs. Imogens Johnston 

National Committeeman 
Richard M. Allen 

National Committeewoman 
Miss Louise Gore 

October 17. 1973 

Mr. Samuel Hopkins 
4302 Wendover Road 
Baltimore, Maryland 21218 

Dear Mr. Hopkins: 

A review of our records indicates the following acts 
of vandelisin were committed against our Baltimore 
City Re-elect the President Headquarters. Since 
there were 2 Headquarters, I shall deal with each 
one separately. 

403 North Charles Street Office 

1. On or around August 12, 1972 a 15 'x 8' 
canvas sign was torn down and stolen. This sign had to 
be replaced at a cost of $201.00. 

2. During the second week in October, this 
office was smeared with anti-Nixon slogans and 
its marble front was painted with the slogan 
"Death to Nixon." We lost our $300.00 deposit 
because we were unable to remove this slogan, in 
fact, it is still on the front of the building. 

3. We were picketed by various anti-war 
groups and "peace" organizations. There were several 
incidents in which the personnel, including this 
writer, had confrontations with various dissidents. 

4. The office was constantly bombarded with 
various anti-Nixon phone calls, veiled threats 
and obscene language. 

3021 West North Avenue Office 

1. On or about September 29, 1972 this Head- 
quarters had all of its plate glass windows smashed. 
Replacement cost was $55.00 for temporary boarding 
and $366.00 to replace the windows. This particular 
office opened on September 15, 1972 and received. 



Mr. Samuel Hopkins October 17, 1973 

Page 2 

on a daily basis, threats and demands that this 
office should close — or it would be closed. 
These threats continued and on or about 
November 1, 1972 the plate glass windows were 
again smashed. Since threats preceded this 
second breaking of the windows and since a funeral 
sign was used to smash the windows and then thrown 
inside the office, the personnel was very unnerved. 
After the many threats and the second overt act 
of violence, the office was again boarded up; 
however, the personnel refused to be run out of 
the 7th Congressional District and continued to 
keep what was left of the office open. This was 
accomplished, in part, because the Baltimore City 
Police Department agreed to beef up their patrols 
in the area. 

This is to the best of my knowledge the summation 
of the major incidents that occurred in the 
Baltimore City Re-elect Headquarters. I hope 
that this account is a help to yc . 

Sincerely yours. 

David L. Neidefjcer>» 
Executive Director 


Exhibit No. 256-17 


I, George Collins, do hereby swear and depose that: 
I am presently employed as the Librarian at the Boslon Globe 
newspaper, Boston, Massachusetts. I have forwarded to the Senate 
Select Committee on Presidential Campaign Activities seven photographs 
of the demonstration which occurred on October 31, 1972. These photographs 
were taken by Donald C. Preston for appearance in the Boston Globe on 
November 1, 1972. 


Then personally appeared the above mentioned George Collins of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and made oath that the foregoing statements are 
true to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those based on information, 
and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me. Q^VTv^m . ^5"^ /99S 

Notary Public 
Note. --Three of the seven photographs referred to above were 
previously entered into the record as exhibits 253, 254, and 255. 
_The othe r fou r -phonographs — fnllnw -an n ext p a g e. . . 





p^gr , 



. .^' 

^ m^^ 


° nf^^^B 



Exhibit No. 256-18 


I, Daniel M. Durand, do hereby swear and depose that: 

I reside at 371 Rochester Street, Fall River, Massachusetts. I am 
imployed as sales manager for a wholesale appliance distribute- in the 
state of Massachusetts. 

During the year 1972 I served as chairman for the Committee to Re- 
ilect the President in Fall River, Massachusetts. In the 197Z election 
:ampaign several violent and/or destructive incidents occurred in and 
round the Nixon Campaign Headquarters in Fall River, Massachusetts. 

On October 14, 1972, during the evening or early morning hours, paint 
vas thrown all over the building that housed the Nixon Campaign Headquarters 
n Fall River. The perpetrators were not apprehended. Two -weeks later, 
gain during the evening or early morning hours, over two-hiindred 
.IcGovern election stickers were pasted on the Nixon Election Headquarters 
juilding in Fall River. Most of these were pasted over the existing Nixon 
)osters, signs, etc. These McGovern stickers were being sold two blocks 
Lway at fifty cents each. 

Shortly before the election, at the end of October, 1972, a projectile 
vas thrown through the window at Nixon Campaign Headquarters in Fall 
River. The perpetrator was arrested and convicted of destroying property. 
\ iife-wspaper article accurately describing the incident is attached hereto 
IS Exhibit A. 



On election night, November 7, 1972, after the early returns indicated 
a Nixon landslide, a large -group of people demonstrated in front of the 
Nixon Headquarters in Fall River, screaming obscenities and throwing 
bottles at both male and female Nixon volunteers. Many of the bottles 
smashed -at the feet -of these volunteex.s. _It _was necessajry to call the 
police and they managed to disperse the unruly crowd. . I recognized 
many members of the crowd as McGovern campaign employees or 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Daniel M. Durand of 
Fall River, Massachusetts, and made oath, that the foregoing statements 
are true to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those based on 
information, and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before nne. 

'■^Jn-^u no? iy^.^.-.^^/ 

My CommJssioii Expires 
June 30. 1976 

Notar^^ Public 


Nixon Quarters 
Window Broken, 
Man Arrested 

Police have charged a man 
here with throwing a pumpkin 
and some tomatoes through a 
plate glass window of the 
Nixon campaign headquarters 
at 16 North Main St. early to- 

Sgt. William Kilroy and Pa- 
trolman Henry Kozak said they 
heard glass breaking wiiile 
they were standing on North 
Main Street, a short distance 
from the Nixon headquarters 
about 3 a.m. 

Checking the area the men 
discovered the broken window. 
and inside the office found a 
large pumpkin and tomatoes. 

Kilroy radioed all sector 
cars to watch for a vehicle 
possibly carrying pumpkins 
and tomatoes. 

A short time later Patrol- 
men Donald McKenzie and Mi- 
chael Troia stopped a 1970 
model car and inside it they 
found three large pumpkins 
and some tomatoes. 

Facing charges of malicious 
mischief in District Court to- 
day was Joseph Karam, 24, of 
500 Sherman St. 

Police also charged him 
with operating without a 
driver's license in his posses- 
sion, and failing to display a 
registration plate on the front 
of the vehicle. 


EXfflBIT No. 256-19 


I, Gregory Gallagher, do hereby swear and depose that: 
I am presently employed by Donald Dwight, Lieutenant Govenor 
of the State of Massachusetts. During the presidential election campaign 
of 1972 I served as Executive Director of the Committee to Re-elect the 
President in Massachusetts. 

In October, 1972, a man arrived at the Nixon Campaign Headquarters 
in Boston and worked there for one day as a volunteer. At approximately 
3 p.m. that day, he came into my office and said he was a reporter. 
Subsequently, he wrote an article in the newspaper describing President 
Nixon and the Nixon volunteers in obscene language. He also claimed to 
have, and my investigation revealed he did in fact, copy telephone numbers 
incorrectly while posing as a volunteer, thus disrupting the Nixon 
Headquarters' effort to try and urge Massachusetts residents to go out 
to the polls and vote. x5aO66GB04i9C5BC£JCXSdkifeM«>!9eKSS§<9SScftXJS^^ 

On October 31, 1972, Mrs. Nixon attended a dinner in Boston at the 
Commonwealth Armory. I also attended that dinner and drove there in 
a "Nixon Campaign car". Outside the armory a violent demonstration 
of approxinnately 7, 000 persons occurred. The demonstrators marched 
down Commonwealth Avenue in Boston, snrxashing windows and causing 
considerable damage to private property. While the dinner ^was in progress 



on the inside of the armory the demonstrators tried to storm the doors 
and break into the armory, but they were rebiiffed by the Boston police. 

Outside, the demonstrators burned a press car, smashed car windows, 

defaced numerous automobiles, and slashed the tires of many automobiles. 

At the conclusion of the dinner, while the guests were leaving with 

their wives, the dennonstrators shouted obscenities at thenn. I personally 

observed this while I was leaving the dinner with my wife. When we returned 

to the "Nixon Campaign car!' we found that both the front and back 

windows had been smashed and that "fuck Nixon" had been scratched in 

the paint all over the car. In addition, all four tires of the campaign car 

were slashed. Moreover, numerous guests at the dinner had their automobile 

tires slashed, particularly those whose autoniobiles had Nixon stickers 

attached to them. Several newspaper, articles and photographs accurately 

describing and depicting the disruption and dannage are attached hereto 

as Exhibits A through E. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Gregory Gallagher of 
Boston, Massachusetts, and made oath that the foregoing statements are 


— -3 - 

true to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those based on 
information, and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me. This fifth day of October, 197 3 M ^ 

^ ^„ Gregory^ V5allagherV_ 
Notary Public 
My commission expires 1 /29/lS 

Notary Public 


[From the Boston Herald Traveler and Record American, Nov. 1, 1972] 

1,500 Police Guard Pat Nixon Dinner — 7,000 I^otestebs Storm Armory 

(By Ken Powers, John McGinn, and Ed O'Connor) 

Seven thousand screaming anti-war demonstrators stormed Commonwealth 
Armory where Mrs. Pat Nixon was guest si>eaker at a fund-raising Republican 
dinner last night but a massive security force of 1500 police kept the waves of 
youths from breaking into the building. 

Wording on signs carried by the youths and shouted slogans indicated out- 
spoken dissatisfaction with the fact that the cease-fire settlement in Vietnam 
was not signed yesterday in Paris. 

Prior to that time North Vietnam had been insisting on an Oct. SI signing. 

At one ix>int of the riot which erupted about twenty minutes before Mrs. Nixon 
arrived by helicopter with other dignitaries, demonstrators penetrated the police 
lines in front of the armory on Commonwealth ave. and threatened to turn tlie 
GOP affair into a shambles. 

Mounted horsemen. K-9 dogs, and bus loads of Boston, state and Brookline 
police were thrown into the fray. A number of persons were injured, including 
two ix>licemen. Five were arrested. 

An estimated 6500 youths gathered in C-opley sq., then marched toward Boston 
University Bridge. By the time the crowd reached the armory it had swelled 
to 7000. 

The armory already was ringed with riot-equipped state police. 

All traffic was shut down on Commonwealth ave. as the crowds began their 
push. It api>eared iK>lice officials had underestimated the number of youths who 
would take part, for the contingent in the area of the armory as the protestors 
arrived appeared almost threadbare in comparison to their opposition. 

Bus loads of officers were quickly brought in from all sections of the city. All 
available Tactical Patrol Force men and plainclothes detectives were summoned 
as well as additional state police. 

Armed with placards, spray paint cans and rocks, collected from the roadbed 
of the MBTA tracks outside the armory; the attackers swarmed to the front 
door as about 1000 guests were in line to get inside. 

They went through the ranks of police and the battle to force them back 
started. Rocks were hurled. After a 15-minute assault the youths fell back to 
a chain-link fence separating the inbound and outbound ^IBTA tracks. 

The protestors ripi>ed up the fence and retreated to the opposite side of Com- 
monwealth ave. where they made anti-Nixon speeches. 

Those arrested on Commonwealth ave. at the time of the melee were identi- 
fied by police as Bruce A. White, 21, of Chester st., Allston ; Michael J. Fishl>ein, 
21, also of Chester st. Allston- Bruce E. Cailler. 21, of Commonwealth ave., 
Allston: Robert A. Barbanti, 23, of Greenleaf St., Roxbury, and Jonathan J. Gold- 
stein, 18, of Marion, Pa. 

They were booked for being disorderly i>ersons at District 14. 

The guests eventually entered the building with comparative safety through 
the Gaffney st. entrances. 

Minor skirmishes erupted from time to time while Mrs. Nixon spoke, but the 
police doga were the deciding factor in most cases. 

Meanwhile auto dealers kept busy boarding up huge plate glass windows for a 
half mile on either .side of the armory. 

Restlessness spread across the entire Back Bay through the night. 

At 8 :30 a splinter group of 400 left the armory but the main body remained 
formulating harassing movements. A stolen car with three men inside, one 
carrying a rifle sticking out the window, was seen in Kenmore sq. 

Police said the youth fired several shots. At about the same time a fire was 
reported at the rear of 920 Commonwealth ave. A fire truck was hit by rocks and 
police were needed to get the firefighters in and out of the block where rubbish had 
been ignited. 

Gangs were roaming the streets carrying bags of rocks and hockey sticks. 
Groups moved from the armory to Kenmore s(i. damaging parked cars. 

Thirty-two police from District 4 were sent to Kenmore sq. to handle that 
gang. It was reported that demonstrators had stockpiled bricks, nails, bottles and 
gasoline in the vicinity of Kenmore sq. 


Tvvo youths made it inside the police lines at the armory's outside walls. 

A crowd of more than 6,000 jammed the affair which included appearances by a 
number of Hollywood celebrities headed by comedian Bob Hope. 

Prior to the dinner students for a Democratic Society had issued a warning they 
would attempt to block the door and throughout the day police organized their 
huge security force. 

Anti-war groups reportedly staged a "penny-a-plate" rally downtown before 
starting their trek to the Armory. 

The dinner was held in the same location where Sen. George S. McGovern and 
the Democrats hosted a $25-a-plate fund raiser on Oct. 11. That rally drew a 
full house of 6000 and raised an estimated $130,000, 

Some discontent was voiced within the ranks of the GOP youth movement long 
before the First Lady arrived. 

Daniel J. Rea, Jr., New England regional director of the Young Americans for 
Freedom, said sponsors of the dinner backed on promises to set aside 1000 tickets 
for four or five youth groups that had worked for President Nixon in recent 

He said Warren Chase, youth coordinator at the dinner, had promised seats 
would be underwritten by donations and then had withdrawn the promise. 

The organizations involved were the YAF, the Young Republicans, Young 
Voters for the President, Young Labor for the President and Young Ethnic 
Groups for the President. 

Rea, said at a meeting last Friday night Chase told 100 representatives the 
1,000 figure had been cut to 500, then on the following day all tickets were 

Rea said Cha;se told him the invitations to the young people were withdrawn 
because of tightened security, the caterer needed more room than expected and 
the dinner had been oversold. 

Rea said he believed the latter reason should be accepted as "the honest 
excuse." Chase finally offered 20 tickets to YAF but the group declined say- 
ing it felt it would be unfair to the others who had worked for the President's 
reelection. He noted that it could not be considered a boycott of the dinner be- 
cause the YAF still supports President Nixon. 

Meanwhile a spokesman for the McGovern-Shriver campaign oflSce in Boston 
announced that the Massachusetts McGovern-Shriver organization did not spon- 
sor or support any of the actions of the antiwar mobs that marched on the 

Tat' Calm, Poised Despite Furob 
(By George Briggs and Joe McLean) 

Undisturbed by several thousands demonstrators outside the building, Mrs. 
Richard M. Nixon presented a picture of poise and grace last night as she 
entered Commonwealth Armory for a fund-raising dinner honoring her President 

However, the nation's First Lady had not been forced to run the gauntlet of the 
angry crowd on her arrival. Instead, in an area behind the Brighton armory 
cordoned off by stete and local police, she landed by helicopter following her fiight 
from Washington to Hanscom Field in Bedford. 

Mrs. Nixon, stunning in a sparkling blue, scoop-necked dress, smiled radiantly 
as the nearly 8,000 guests in the armory gave her a .standing welcome to the $25-a- 
plate Republican dinner. 

Uniformed state and local police and obviously unobtrusive Secret Service 
agents stood watch on the fringes of the gala gathering. But, contrary to the mood 
outside, there was only good will displayed in the vast hall and a secondary dining 

Flanked by an imposing array of top Republican Party oflBcials at the head 
table, Patricia Nixon chatted at length with fellow guests during a dinner that 
featured pilaf-stuffed breasts of chicken with cranberry sauce. Mediterranean 
salad, Moussaka (a Mideast dish of lamb and eggplant) and a Bakalava dessert 
served with coffee. 


Among those sharing the head table with her were Gov. and Mrs Francis W 
Sargenr, Mrs. Edward W. Brooke, U.S. Keps. Margaret M. Heckler and Hastings 
Keith, former U.S. Sens. Henry Cabot Lodge and Leverett Saltonstall Trans- 
portation Secretary John A. Volpe, Secretary of H^lth, Education and Welfare 
Elhot L. Richardson. Lt. Gov. Donald Dwight and state Rep. Frank Hatch Jr 

The invocation at the dinner was delivered by the Rt. Rev. Joseph F McGuire 
Auxiliary Bishop of Boston. 

And sharing the limelight with the distinguished guests were popular celeb- 
rities of the entertainment field including comedians Bob Hope and Frankie 
Fontaine, singers Ethel Merman and Ruta Lee and the ever popular Lionel 
Hampton and his band. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 15 


Exhibit No. 256-20 


I, Raymond N. Tuller, do hereby swear and depose that: 

I reside at 140 Chalmers Street, Springfield, Massachusetts. I 
was President of the Cold Storage Company, Inc.> in Springfield, 
Massachusetts for twenty-seven years and I am presently employed as 
Manager of the Cyr Arena in Springfield, Massachusetts. 

During the year 1972, I served ai Coordinator of the Committee to 
Re-elect the President in Springfield, Massachusetts. During the 1972 
election campaign several violent and destructive incidents occurred in 
and around the Nixon Campaign Headquarters in Springfield, Massachusetts. 

The first such incident occurred on October 13, 1972, when an unknown 
person jumped out of a car and threvi^ a large brick through the front 
window of the Nixon Campaign Headquarters in Springfield. A number of 
people w^ere in the room at the time and the brick narrowly missed my wife's 
head. My wife was struck, however, by a fragnrient of the brick and suffered 
a leg cut from the broken glass. She was taken to the hospital thereafter 
and exannined. A newspaper article describing this incident and a 
photograph portraying the damage that occurred therefrom is attached 
hereto as Exhibit A. 

On October 31, 1972, many Springfield residents who supported the 
President attended a dinner in Boston at which Mrs. Nixon spoke. Many 
of these persons had Nixon stickers on their automobiles and during a 
violent dennonstration outside the dinner the tires of these automobiles 




were slashed. In particular, Mrs. and Mr. Theodore Banforth and 
Mr. and Mrs. Harley Runyon suffered four slashed tires on each of 
their respective automobiles. ^ 

On November 4, 1972, a large demonstration occurred in front of the 
Nixon Campaign Headquarters in Springfield. Brochures were passed out 
prior to the demonstration. One of these brochures, accusing President 
Nixon of "murderously increasing the human costs of the war", is attached 
hereto as Exhibit B. 

On November 7, 1972 election night, an unknown gunman fired a shot 
through the plate glass window of the Nixon Headquarters in Springfield. 
Although the roonn into which the shot was fired was full of people, no 
one was injured. A newspaper article and photograph accurately describing 
the incident and depicting the damage caused by the bullet is attached hereto 
as Exhibit C. 

After the election, probably as a result of a victory photograph of me 
that appeared in the newspaper and is attached hereto as Exldbit C, I 
received numerous telephone threats indicating that persons ujaknown would 
"get me'ior supporting the President. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Raymond N. Tuller of 
Springfield, Massachusetts, and nnade oath that the foregoing statements 


are true to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those based on 
information, and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me. () \ Qf^Y^nO ^"^^ // . - / uX M^*—^ 





Now more 
than ever* 

A \oliinlper uorkiiig for (he relectioii (if Presi- 
(Icni Nixon reieiNed ;i leg cut after ;i youth fired 
.1 1)1 ick at a poi-tcv and through a window at Rr- 
piiblican Headquarters, 273 Slate St., Springfield. 
:Mrs. Raymond N. Tullcr of 160 Chalmers Ave. 
received leg cuts. 

Youth Hurls Brick 

T|iiougli GOP HQ 

■ '■ i. ■ L / -. 


A young white man hurled 
.1 brick through tlie 
Republican Party 
Headquarters. 273 State St.', 
Springfield, yesterday, in- 
juring the wife of the 
Hampden County coordinator 
for President Nixon. 

Raymond N. 'fuller of im 
Chalmers St.. said his wife 
received a piece of glass mi 
the ankle and was neaily 
struck by a large pifce of 
brick. A smaller piece sU'uck 
her in the leg. he said. 

A man parked across State 
Street got out of a new yellow 
Datsun and carried the brick 
in his hand, he said. 

The man smashed the 
window, throwing the brick 
through Nixon's face on a 
poster in the window, he 

said. The man. described as 
19 or 20. about .5 feet ID in- 
ches tall .with a blue den mi 
jacket, drove off lowa.d 
Main Street, he said. 

The incident has been 
I'cponed to Boston ;ind 
Washington. DC. 
p r e -s i d e n t i a 1 ranip.ngn 
headqiiaiteis. he s.iid. It is 
the 203rd such incident 
across the country inciufling 
tu'o torch job^. lie said. 

"Ttiis will be the setond 
window we will replace." he 

Tuller said his wife was 
some 20 ieat from the win- 
dow and the brick landed .'i7 
feet from the window. 

"We were kind of shook 
up." said Tulier, who took his 
uife to the doctor. 

(i.iinmar. lakts Sliot 
Vl GOP H« atLjiiarUrs 

While membtrs of the 
Springfield Committee to 
Reelect the President weie 
celebrating last night, an 
unknown gunman fired a sliot 
ilirough the plate 
wind"ow of the Nixon cam- 
paign headquarters on State 

Raymond Tuller, Nixon's 
.' a m p a i g n manager in 
Springfield, said he and other 
workers were taking it easy 
-hortly after II when a bullet 
;ir pellet hit the window." 

We didn't see anyone or 
hear a car go by, we just 
heard the shot," Tuller said. 
The pellet put a small hole 
in the plate glass but the 
•Auidow did not shatter. 
Tuller sKid. 

(ijit'oii P!iotD bv Steve \/aii /Wc'crl 

Dennis iVFurphy, Nixon 
campaign worker in 
Sprlugiield, -^iands behind 
the bullet-shallered plate 
glass window at Nixon 
campaign headquarters at 
723 State St. A lone gun- 
man pumped a single shot 
through the window 
narrowly missing a dozen 
persons in the room. 


EXfflBIT No. 256-21 






October 30, 1973 

Mr. Ronald Riggs 

Senate Committee on Presidential 

Campaign Activities 
Room G30 8 

Dirkson Senate Office Building 
Washington, D.C. 20510 

Dear Ron: 

As requested we enclose original and one executed copy 
of Affidavit with respect to campaign irregularities committed 
by the McGovern Campaign Committee on election day, 19 72. 

Prior to the election we regularly received reports 
of other opponent activities planned or implemented, but 
because of our investigative system of party officials 
and Youth for Nixon volunteers, it soon became known that 
we were being especially alert to irregularities. During 
the campaign we were given time at regional meetings and 
the state-wide meetings of the Committee to Re-elect for our 
affirmative campaign to educate our volunteers and leaders on 
election law do's and don'ts, and to indicate to them our 
purpose and objective was to give every eligible voter the 
best opportunity possible to vote and to have his vote counted. 
Although to some it may sound incredible today, no violation 
of Minnesota election law by Nixon Committee to Re-elect the 
President were detected by me or reported to me on election 

We will be pleased to furnish what further assistance 
you may need, if possible. 

Yours very truly, 

Arthur J. Stock 

AJS : sw 

cc: Congressman William Frenzel 
Robert Brown, Chairman 

Minnesota Republican Party • 

Mrs. Rhoda Lund, Chairwoman 

Minnesota Committee to Re-elect 
the President 





) ss 

ARTHUR J. STOCK, being first duly sworn, deposes and 

says as follows: 

1. That he is a practicing attorney in the City of 
Minneapolis, State of Minnesota, in the firm of Nielsen, 
Stock & Blackburn, Ltd; that he graduated from Yale College 
in 1954 and Yale Law School in 1959, and has been admitted to 
practice before state and federal courts since 1959. 

2. That regularly since 1962 he had advised and 
consulted various Minnesota Republican Party organizations, 
candidates and candidate committees on election law matters; 
he has represented said political party and candidates on 
numerous occasions in election contests and election related 
legal proceedings, and is a consultant to members of the 
Committee on Elections of both houses of the Minnesota legislature, 

3. That in the 1972 general election he was Chairman 
of the Ballot Security Program for the Minnesota Republican 
Party and the Minnesota Committee to Re-elect the President, as 
well as serving as adviser to the Committee on election procedures; 
that he organized and operated on election day in November, 1972 

a state-wide ballot security headquarters which opened two hours 
prior to the opening of the polls and closed two hours after 
the polls had closed. 

4. That in the course of such activities certain alleged 
election irregularities in violation of Minnesota Statutes 
§211.15 (which forbids campaigning on election day) were reported 
and acted upon, as follows, to-wit: 


(a) By 9:00 A.M. on election day Youth for Nixon 
members on the campus of the University of 
Minnesota reported a massive recruitment effort 
on campus by the McGovern Volunteer Committee 
for volunteers to do electioneering work on 
election day. 

(b) Before 10:00 A.M. reports were received from 
several neighborhoods in Minneapolis, St. Paul 
and Minneapolis suburbs of organized campaign 
activities such as distribution of handbills 
urging election of McGovern, use of sound trucks, 
personal approach of citizens urging them to 

\ vote for McGovern and handing out other campaign 

(c) Before 10:00 A.M. reports were received of 
similar mass recruitment efforts on three other 
college campuses. 

(d) By 10:30 A.M. reports were received from the 
Ramsey County (St. Paul) Ballot Security team 
of similar activity in St. Paul and St. Paul 
suburbs . 

(e) To verify the reports the Ballot Security 
program had two college age volunteers for Nixon 
respond to the recruitment; they showed up at 
two different McGovern campaign headquarters, 
received literature, were given instructions and 
transported to two different places in the city 
to solicit votes for McGovern; complying with our 
instructions each went to a home of a known 
Republican upon being left by the McGovern 
Committee organizer, and called Ballot Security 


headquarters to report their verification. 

(f) Having confirmed the original reports as to extent 
and activity, the Ballot Security staff then 
contacted the Minneapolis City Clerk and Hennepin 
County Auditor (who are responsible for conduct 

of elections) , the Minnesota Attorney General, the 
Minnesota Democrat-Farmer-Labor Party, and the 
McGovern Committee Headquarters (as well as alerting 
the state-wide Ballot Security system) ; for the 
next three-four hours the McGovern leaders denied 
the existence of such activities or professed 
ignorance; finally, however, the matter was 
resolved when Affiant was contacted by two attorneys 
representing the McGovern Committee who made assur- 
ances that the activity had been terminated. 

(g) That such activities, to-wit the soliciation of 
votes is prohibited by the Minnesota election law, 
to-wit: Minnesota Statute 211.15. 

(h) That there were other election irregularities that 
came to the Committee's attention before the 
election and on election day; however, the foregoing 
represents the clearest example of an organized 
effort by a campaign committee for a Presidential 
candidate to engage in concerted activities clearly 
forbidden by law. 
5. That he makes this Affidavit for the purpose of 
establishing that the events set forth above did occur and occur 
in the manner above described, that the foregoing is based upon 


his personal knowledge, information to him and belief and he 
does believe the same did occur as above set forth. 

Further Affiant sayeth not. 

Dated: October 29, 1973. . ' 


) ss 

Arthur J. Stock, being first duly sworn, says that he is 
the Affiant in the foregoing Affidavit; that he has read said 
Affidavit, knows the contents thereof and that the same is true 
of his own knowledge, except as to those matters therein stated 
upon his information and belief, and that as to those matters he 
believes them to be true. 

0^ \KAj4^ftAtn^-k 

Subscribed and sworn to before me 
this ^7"^ day of October, 1973. 



Exhibit No. 256-22 


State of Minnesota 
County of Beltrami 

Chester A. Oman, County Republican Chairman 

SI 2 Beltrami Avenue 

: :nidji, Kinnesota 56601 

Being duly sworn states that under oath to wit: 

Republican Campaign Headquarters for Beltrami County was 
located at the corner of Second Street and Beltrami Avenue and was 
under lease from Mr. Roy Wright of Bemidji for period July 1, 1973 
to November 30, 1973- The building was under control of the county 
committee and the rent of $240.00 paid by the county committee. 

This location was Campaign Headquarters for the Nlxon-Agnew 
Committee, Seventh District Congressional candidate Jon Haaven, 
U.S. Senate candidate Phil Hansen and the local legislative candidates 
Allan Kabedank and Willys Nord. 

The break-in was made during the night or morning hours after 
headquarters closed on Sunday October 13, 1973- Entry was gained 
by forcing the front door open and breaking the lock. 

Materials destroyed were primarily the last joint-mailing of 
literature of all the candidates using this headquarters. Destruction 
was done by pouring motor oil over all the envelopes and paper material 
including bumper stickers, handouts and signs of President Nixon and 
Agnew. Attached Is a copy of news article in the October Ik, 1973i 
Issue of the Bemidji Pioneer which records this effort to disrupt 
the GOP campaign as an organlzed,,-^rffort throughout the county. 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 12th day of October 1973- 

No tar j>/ Public ' Y 

Notary Public, BELTRAMI CO., MINN. 
My Commission Expires JUNE 17, 1978 


[From the Bemldjl Pioneer, Oct. 14, 1973] 
Vandals Hit GOP Headquakters 

In a campaign which has been plagued by acts of vandalism for several weeks, 
Allan Habedank today reported a break-in at GOP headquarters at Second Street 
and Beltrami Ave. 

Police said entry was gained by prying open a front door. About 6,000 pieces 
of mail had been desti'oyed by ix)uring a light grade of motor oil over the litera- 
ture, some of which had been sti-ewn about the floor, both in the main room of 
the campaign office and in a storage room at the rear of the building. 

Habedank, candidate for state senator from the 4th District, said some 2,000 
pieces of mailing literature belonging to Willys Nord, candidate for state repre- 
sentative from District 4-A, was included in the vandalism. 

He also reported that a crew of volunteers numbering from eight to 10 persons 
had worked all day Sunday in preparing the literature for mailing, which had 
been scheduled for today. 

"I'd like to think it was just a Halloween prank," the candidate said, "but 
we've been dogged by vandalism for the past several weeks, and now, with this 
happening so close to election day, well, it's just a little hard to take." 

The GOP headquarters building had been closed at about 7 p.m. Sunday, the 
break-in being discovered this morning when Habedank and fellow-workers 
opened the oflBce at 8 a.m. in anticipation of mailing out his o^vni literature along 
with that of Nord. 

Several days ago Habedank reported theft of several thousand small "stake" 
signs from locations throughout the district. Over the past weekend, he noted, 
signs had disappeared from Deer River, Remer, Federal Dam, LongA'ille and 
other areas. 

Police Chief James McDowell said this morning the case is still under investi- 




,• ■<>, ^^XN .--V-' 


SUKVEYING DAMAGE at the local GOP headquarters 
Is Allan Habedank, right, and Gary Katzcnmaier. 
Haliedank, candidate for state senator from District 4, 
said about 6,000 pieces of mailing literature had been 
totally ruined by motor oil poured over the campaign 

material, some of It. : : ; ■ .didff 

Willys Nord, who is rmmlng for the state kgislati 
from District l-A. The office was broken into someti 
between 7 p.m. Sunday and 8 a.m. today. (Fion 
photo by Frank Bain) 


Exhibit No. 256-23 

I, Arthur C. Egan, Jr., do hereby swear and depose that: 

I am the Chief Investigative Reporter for the Manchester Union 
Leader which is located at 35 Amherst Street in Manchester, New 

On February 12, 1972, a demonstration occurred in front of the 
Nixon Headquarters in Manchester, New Hampshire. Eleven persons 
who participated were arrested. Four days later, on February 16, 1972, 
the Manchester Police Department was bombed in the early morning 
bours. The bombs damaged both the police and fire departments. In 
addition, one bomb went off in the hand of one of the two perpetrators, 
Jaan K. Laaman, injuring him. A press release was seized from the 
person of the second perpetrator, KathyrnA. Holt. The press release 
stated that they had intended to bomb both the police department and the 
Nixon Headquarters that evening. i 

On February 16 and 17, 1972, the Manchester Union Leader ran front 
page stories on the bombing. Asa part of the Febrtiary 17 story, the 
Manchester Union Leader printed photographs of the anti-Nixon demonstration 
of February 12, which clearly depicted both Laaman and Holt in the forefront 



of the demonstration, carrying a banner and shouting. These stories 
and photographs are an accurate description of the bombing February l6l 
and the demonstration of February 12. They are attached hereto as 

Exhibits A and B. ^^^V^^^c^ C-(f^a^r.\^ 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Arthur q/. Fgan, Jr. 
of Manchester, New Hampshire, and made oath that the foregoing states 
ments are true to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those 
based on information, and as to those he believes the sanne to be true. 
Before me, October 4, 1973 . 

^^^ Notarv Thihlic 

Notary "Public 




21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 16 



[Prom the Manchester Union Leader] 
Letteb Pbedicted Both Bomb Blasts 

Manchester Police this morning released a letter that attributes bombing of 
Manchester Police and Fire headquarters to the "People's Liberation Army." 
Police Chief John A. Stips said the letter was taken from a suspect detained 
shortly after the bombings. 

It was learned that copies of the same letter were scheduled to be mailed to 
various newspai>ers, among them the Manchester Union Leader. 

A reprint of the full letter from the "People's Liberation Army" follows : 

"On Sat. Feb. 11, in Manchester, N. H., there was a demonstration of people 
from all over N. H. against the opening of Nixon headquarters, the war in S E 
Asia and the repression in America. Even though Manchester is known as a 
center for right wing activity, the people came and demonstrated militantly. 
Tho the people refused to be intimidated the pigs viciously attacked them and 
after a series of busts the demonstration was broken up. While demonstrations 
like this are necessary and good we are not going to get far always fighting on 
the pigs terms — fighting unarmed or underarmed openly in the streets. 

"Seeing the need to carry the initial attack of the people further the peoples 
liberation army in X. H. staged a series of attacks in Manchester on the nite 
of Feb. 15. We bombed Nixons headquarters, we simultaneously bombed iwlice 
headquarters from three sides — oflices, pig lounge area, and garage area. We con- 
tinued the same fight on a different level, this time on our terms . . . meaning 
moving right under the pigs nose using surprise as our most heaviest weapon, 
moving aggressively the pig media has been trying to portray this coming elec- 
tion as a traditional quiet affair. Ni >:on, McOloskey and the rest of the Repub- 
licans along with Muskie, Daley and all the Democrats are looking at New 
Hamp. and the first primary and hoping this comes true. We've shown them 
what to expect — 

All power to the imagination 

War on our Terms 

Peoples Liberation Army" 

Possible Link To Clash Hebe 
(By Bill Robinson) 

A 21-year-old woman, charged in connection with this morning's bombings 
at Manchester's police headquarters and the Central Fire Department, may be 
linked with Saturday's "antiwar" march in Manchester which ended in a clash 
between police and protestors. 

Police said that Kathryn A. Holt, gave an address of 430 Commonwealth Ave., 
Boston. Deputy Chief Thomas King said, however, a car confiscated by oflScials 
bearing New Hampshire registration plates was registered in Miss Holt's name. 
King added that the registration certificate lists an address of 32 Hanson St., 

A check with the Manchester Highway Department revealed that a parade 
permit was issued to the New Hampshire Peace and Anti-war Group under the 
name of David Parker of the same address listed on Miss Holt's registration 
certificate, 32 Hanson St., Dover. 

Saturday's demonstration was aimed at the opening ceremonies of President 
Nixon's Manchester headquarters on Hanover Street. Police arrested 12 demon- 
strators during the 20-minute melee, which broke out after the estimated 175 
demonstrators violated police orders and crossed from the south side of the 
street to the north side and converged on the Nixon headquarters ofllce. 

A news release was received at the Manchester Union Leader in today's mail 
from the "Lincoln's Day Parade Committee." 

The letter concerned Saturday's demonstration in Manchester and stated "for 
further information : contact Judy Collins." It then listed a phone number. 

According to the Dover business oflBce of the New England Telephone Company, 
the number listed in the news release is listed to David Parker of 32 Hanson St., 

A call to the name listed in the release, Judy Collins, revealed that she also 
lives at that address and is a member of the New Hampshire Peace Action which 
she said is a coalition of different groups. 


The release reads in part : 

"iQn Saturday, February 12, 250 people participated in a demonstration and 
march against Richard Nixon's domestic policies and the continuation of the 
war in Indochina. 

"A spokeswoman for the Lincoln's Day Parade Committee, Valerie Hawkins, 
said that, 'in accordance with the parade permit stipulations, the march 
proceeded as planned. When it reached Nixon's campaign headquarters ; officially 
being opened by HUD Sec. George Romney ; a spontaneous demonstration 

"For a short time, the marchers chanted slogans, such as : Stop the air war 
in Indochina, tax the rich not the poor, drop Nixon not bombs, and others. After 
10 minutes. Miss Hawkins said that 'The police began forcing people off the 
street and onto the south sidewalk. A few demonstrators then crossed the street 
to the north sidewalk without police opposition, and continued to chant directly 
in front of the headquarters.' '' 

The release continued, "Mrs. Hawkins made it clear that at this time, 'There 
was no antagonism towards the police.' " 

Miss Collins said this morning that Miss Hawkins resides at the same address 
as she does, 32 Hanson Street. 

When asked if Miss Holt also resided at that address she said "I can't answer 
that." She denied that Miss Holt was a member of the New Hampshire Peace 
Action group. 

She concluded with, "I don't want to answer any questions about that," 
referring to further questions concerning Miss Holt. 


Exhibit No. 256-24 


I, Donald F. Glermon, do hereby swear and depose that: 
I am Lieutenant, Manchester Police Department, Manchester, New 
Hampshire. During the early morning hours of February 16, 1972, I was on 
duty in the Manchester Police Department, Manchester, New Hampshire. 
I heard a bomb explode and later observed that several wdndows near the 
police locker room area had been blown out. A photograph accurately 
depicting the damage caused by the bomb blast is attached hereto as 
Exhibit A. Investigation that night revealed that one Jaan K. Laaman had 
placed a bomb under one of the windov/s of the Police Department. The 
bomb went off, prematurely, blowing the window out as well as severely 
damaging Laainan's hand. Further investigation revealed that a second 
bomb had been placed under the window of the office of the Chief of the 
Manchester Police Department. This bomb did not go off and is accurately 
depicted in the photograph attached hereto as Exhibit B. A third bomb 
exploded near the fire department, which is located adjacent to the police 
department, and damaged the window^s and structure of the fire departnnent. 
A fourth bomb exploded on the side'walk near the police department where 
it apparently had been dropped by one of the two perpetrators, Jaan K. 
Laaman and Kathyrn A. Holt. Both Laaman and Holt were arrested that 
same evening and subsequently convicted of the bombing offense. 



Upon the arrest of Kathryn Holt, a mimeographed press release, 
already enclosed in envelopes addressed to newspaper agencies, was 
seized from her person. The press release, attached hereto as Exhibit C, 
said that Laaman and Holt, as members of the "People's Liberation A rmy' 
had bombed the police department from three sides and had bombed the 
Nixon Headquarters in Manchester, New Hampshire. The fourth bomb 
apparently was intended for the Nixon Headquarters, had Laaman and 
Holt not been arrested. Holt attempted to destroy the press release 
subsequent to her arrest but Officer Dwyer of the Manchester Police 
Department seized it from her person. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Donald F. Glennon of 
Manchester, New Hampshire, and made oath that the foregoing statements 
are true to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those based on 
information, and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me, /^^-^/^^/ z/ • ^.^'C/>f\^<^'^ l^/K- 

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EXfflBIT No. 256-25 


Be rnalliiS 

County of- 

,ccordingtoU.-.uponh,soath P^^ ^^^^^ 

J___, being first duly sworn 



files, recoras ana materials from the office each night and took tnez. noEe 
with us, I arranged for a security system to be installed. 

Kay 10th, shortly after neon, three young men duirrped a load of debris in 
front of the headquarters end attempted to light it, without success. 
They ran away, arcund the building. A person, unknown to me, v,ho said he 
was walking by and saw the incident, came into the office and told me that 
the three men got into an old white Plymouth, N.M. license #AOT 316 and 
drove away. Shortly thereafter, the police department called me on the 
telephone and said that a large grap of demonstrators was marci-iing to 
my office with the intention of burning it» A few minutes later, a group 
of police officers arrived at the office and told me the same thing. The 
officer in charge instructed me to remove all signs, posters, etc., place 
most of the furniture in the store room, lock the front door and to leave 
the building through the rear exit. The police officers remained in the 
building, in the rear store-room, out of sight. I went to the front of the 
building where I saw a group of several hundred persons come down Central 
Ave,, cnanting and carrying anti-war signs. VVhen the group arrived in 
front of the CRP office, some persons looked through the windows, tried 
the door and yelled to the crowd, "They've moved out," The crowd then 
moved on down the street. \Mthin half an hour, I received notice from 
the property owner that I would have to move the office oecause he and 
other tenantss feared the building would be burned and their offices 
would be endangered. We continued to occupy this office for several 
weeks, as the rent was prepaid and no other suitable office space was 
available. The secretary and volunteers were instructed to maintain a 
very low profile. No campaign materials v;ere visible, the telephone 
was answered with 'Hello'. No information was given over the phone 
nor to visitors to the office who were not known to us. ue tried to 
give the public appearance of a telephone solicitation service, iVe 
believed this was necessary for the security of the office and the 
personal safety of the secretary and volunteers. 


A^tacnle^t to statemeijt. oy Paula i.. Halcji Pg. 3 

Cn Hay I'+th, the Bernalillo County Republican headquc' rt ers , at 3^20 
Lomas K.E. was defaced with paint, I saw TV coverage of this wnich 
shoived a group of women painting the front of the office. Tney were 
arrested on the scene. I also read about this in the local newsnaoers, 
T-hey -had notified the press of their intention to demonstrate at this 
office and at the public park across the street. I later' visited the 
r.eadquarters and saw the damage, A friend of mine told me that her 
neighbor, Ms. Nancy Nevison, kk^2 Ave, Del Sol, (who is also know to me 
and whom I know to be active in the Democratic Party), stated to her 
that she,- Ms. Nevison, organized tnis demonstration, out stayed across 
the street in Bataan Park because she did not want to oe arrested, 

Kay 16th, I heard that the headquarters at 3^*20 Lomas had been firebomoed 
the night before. I went to see the damaged. The front window had been 
broken and a large quantity of election material and printed matter v.hich 
had been prepared for delegates to a 3ernallilo i-^ounty Republican 
convention to be held May 20th had been burned, I had seen this material 
a day or so before, when I had sent some of my volunteers to help in its 

On several occasions, groups of protestors in sheets, white faces and 
oriental-type straw hats blocked entrace to the office at 3^*20 Lomas 
and 1 was told by the staff there that these persons entered the office 
and made remarks and gestures which were offensive and threatening. 
Similar protestors appeared in front of my office, but to my knowledge 
did not prevent anyone from entering nor did they cause disturbance 
inside my office. 

September 26th, when I was attending a CRP fund raising Evening Kith 
the President dinner at the Four Seasons Motel, we were advised by the 
MC that there were protestors outside. He advised us all to leave with-'c 
care. Some persons, bbout this time, attempted to enter the banquet room 
via the outside doors, wnich were locked. They rattled the doors and 
banged on them. When I triea to leave the building, the door was blocked 
by people dressed as described above. They carried anti-war and anti- 
Nixon signs, accosted guests and blocked the entrance/exit. It was 
necessary to leave the building by a rear exit. 


iz&.'jrj:.i:.'. to tt.&v rs.fcr;t c,. reulfc i. . Ki-lo,,.' •'' &• ' 

In June, the CRP office was reeved to 5^10 Lomas i'^.ii, tVe incurred quite 
a Dit of adaitional expense in moving, signs, change of letter-head, 
telephones, etc, as a result of being forced from the previcus location. 
Although I was out of town at this tiir.e , my secretary did tell me that 
the locks were changed when we moved in. There were nurr^erous incidents 
during the following months of unauthorized entrance to this office, 
Confidential materials were disturbed, some were removed' from the files 
and later returned. Certain special CRP campaign material items, which 
I personally counted each day, v.ere removed during the night when the 
office was locked, I had the lock changed again September 27th. I 
continued to notice evidence of entry. 'Oct. 22, I locked my personal 
file in the presence of three witnesses and found it open and disturbed 
early the following morning, I had the key in my possession at all 
times. Twice I had to call a repair man to fix the evaporative air 
cooler which was on the roof. He told me there was evidence of someone 
tampering with it each time. I checked with the building ciaintenance 
people and no one had touched it. This was significant to me because it 
is a co/ijnonly used mode of entry in this part of the country and also 
because another political office (one of Senator Pete Dominici's) was 
entered and roboed by this method about this same time, 

"■hen we no-eded additional telephone service in our office, I had two 
private unlisted lines installed, without the call numbers being on the 
sets, so that these would be used only for outgoing cells. I was the 
only person other than the installer who knew tnese numbers. There was 
mechanical difficulty with my private line the entire time it was in 
place. The telephone repair men could not trace or correct the problems. 
Although these numbers were supposed to be unavailable, I received 
harassing calls on my private line directed toward the CRP and the President, 
I do not know how the callers learned the number. 

During the campaign we got many telephone calls of an antagonistic 
nature. In the final weeks, the same voices repeatedly called to 
"discuss" issues, I believed that this was an attempt to tie up our 
telephones during the busiest time of the campaign. 

This is the extent of my direct knowledge of unusual activities durected 

toward the CRP during the 1972 election. 


ExraBIT No. 256-26 


I, Willird Lewis, do hereby svvFar and depose that: 

I presently reside at 13G1 Sigma Chi Road, N.E., Albuquerque, 
lev Mexico. During the presidential election campaign of 19''2 I 
:erved as Campaign Manager for the New Mexico Committee for the 
te-Election of the President. 

During the week of May 8-12, 1972 the State Nixon Campaign 
ieadquarters was subjected to various acts of vandalism, harassment, 
ind disruption which resulted in a severe interruption of the cam- .- 
iaign operations. That week was the week of the so-called Haiphong 
iarbor mining events. 

Some of the disruptive activities directed at the Nixon cam,- 
)aign operations are noted below: 

1. During the night following the President's announcemient 

)f actions against North Vietnam the campaign headquarters was vand- 
ilized. Black spray paint was used to spray vulgar and obscene 
3nti-Kixon slogans across the plate glass windows, the glass door, 
ind metal trim. In addition, a portion of lighted display adver- ''' 
cising sign was destroyed. 

2. For several subsequent days the headquarters staff was sub- 
jected to a number of obscene and harassing anonymous telephone calls, 

3. During the week protest demonstrations in Albuquerque in- 
tensified. City police intelligence warned me that our headquarters 
was a potential target for demonstrators, and suggested that we take 
measures to protect life and property. 

U. Shortly after noon on Wednesday, May 10, 1972 the City 
police dispatcher called to alert us that a large group of demon- 
strators who had massed at the gates of Kirtland' Air Force Base 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 17 


were marching toward our headquarters. A few minutes later, ir ad- 
vance of arrival of the main body of demonstrators, a small ^roup 
in an automobile drove into the parking lot, juniped from the vehicle, 
and dumped a substantial amount of inflammable debris alon<5 the 
building front and doorway, then sped off. V/ith the assistance of 
personnel from a neighboring office and a roving police patrol, we 
were able to remove the debris before the mass of the demonstrators 
arrived. We assumed that the demonstrators intended to burn the 
building, and began to bring additional fire extinguishers into the 
building. At this time the mobile tactical police unit arrived and 
grouped behind the building, a squad of approximately fifty police 
officers. Shortly thereafter the main body of demonstrators arrived 
in front of the building which had been evacuated and locked. I 
estimate the number of demonstrators to be approximately three hun- 
dred fifty. After chanting for approximately ten minutes the group 
moved on down Central Avenue toward the University campus. No damage 
was sustained and there was no confrontation with police. 

These incidents caused severe interruptions and disruptions 
in campaign activities. Some of these are noted below: 

1. The month-to-month lease which the Committee held on the 
campaign headquarters building was cancelled, requiring the removal 
of the headquarters to another location. The leasor said that other 
tenants had insisted upon our removal because they were afraid of 
arson and vandalism. Since our location had been widely publicized, 
the move caused confusion, particularly for those desiring to volun- 
teer as campaign workers. 


2. The forced ir.ove was a financial loss to the comrr.ittee be- 
cause of telephone systems which had been installed, stationery 
printed with the address, lost paid staff time required to pack 
and unpack the office files, supplies, and equipment, and other 
expenses related to moving. 

3. The impact upon the volunteer staff was severe. The mom- 
entum of regular volunteer schedules was lost in the confusion. 
During the May 8 week we asked volunteers to ^tay away because we 
feared for their safety. The intimidation of volunteers coupled 
with the subsequent forced move resulted in a severe interruption 
of planned activities utilizing volunteer services. 

4. A careful schedule of publicized events was disrupted. 
Publicity had already been released, and invitations printed, for 

a "Grand Opening" later in Kay. The forced move, and concern about 
further potential demonstrations and harassment required postpone- 
ment of the Grand Opening which finally occurred in mid-July, about 
seven weeks later than originally scheduled. 

5. Normal office routine was completely disrupted curing the 
week of May 8-12, 1972. The staff was required to pack valuable 
files, supplies, and equipment each night and rem.ove them from the 
building because of fear of destruction. On Kay 10, 1972 the staff, 
with volunteer and police help, had to remove virtually all furnit- 
ure, in addition to files, supplies, and equipment because it appear- 
ed that destruction by fire was an imminent danger. Time was lost 
answering nu:merous anonymous harassing telephone calls. 


Then personally appeared the above mentioned Willard Lewis 


of Albuquerque, New Mexico, and made oath that the foregoing 
statements are true to the best of his knowledge and belief. 

Before me g^pn^^ tl^ ^-J. 



" ' EXHIBIT No. 256-27 


I, William Kapps of 505 West 55th Street, New York, New York 10019, 
swear and affirm that I have personal knowledge of the following disturban- 
ces directed against the Nixon Campaign in New York City during the 197Z 

On August 17, 1972, there was a conference held by Father Daniel 
Berrigan and David Dellinger in the Roosevelt Hotel, Room 417, with Craig 
Thorn, David Richman, and myself. The subject of the meeting was a plea 
by Berrigan and Dellinger to end the war in Vietnam. After the meeting 
Berrigan and Dellinger held a news conference attended by approximately 
twenty observers and media people outside the Nixon Campaign Headquarters 
in the Roosevelt Hotel. ■. . ' 

On August 26, 1972, a demonstration took place on the southeast corner 
of East 45th Street and Madison Avenue, outside the Nixon Headquarters in 
the Roosevelt Hotel. Approximately 150 people participated. Speeches were 
made, accompanied with songs and chanting. Leaflets, speculating an 
attendance of 1, 000 people, ^vere distributed approximately two weeks in 
advance of the demonstration. The demonstration lasted approximately one 
and one-half hours. .^ ,.-. . ^ 

On September 6, 1972, twelve to fifteen demonstrators emerged from the 
elevators on the fourth floor of the Roosevelt Hotel. They donned masks 


and headgear, proceeded to chant, blow bugles, and dumped bags of live 
roaches on the floor. They passed out leaflets concerning the Watergate 
bugging and fled. The demonstration lasted less than two minutes. 

On October 1, 197Z, a similar demonstration occurred at the same loca- 
tion. The building was vacant on this Sunday except for security personnel. 
The demonstrators again dumped live roaches on the floor and distributed 

On October 25, 1972, cans of red paint were thrown on volunteer workers 
at the Nixon store front, 520 Madison Avenue. 

On the night of October 30-31, 1972, approximately 30 people conducted 
an all night sit-in demonstration in front of the Nixon store front at 520 
Madison Avenue. The store front windows were covered with anti-Nixon 
posters and then broken. , 

This information was extracted from my diary from the months of 
August, September, and October, 1972. 


Then personally appeared the above mentioned William Kapps of New York, 
New York, and made oath that the aforegoing statements are true to the best 
of his knowledge and belief, except those based on information, and as to 
those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me, ^ ^/ f ^/^3 

Notary Public, State 

No. 31-8592850 
Quaiitied in New York Couoljt. 


f -T'^^s::n Zx, -- ^.a.•ch 30, 1974 Notary Public 


Exhibit No. 256-28 


T, ROBERT I, HISLOP, JR., do hereby swear and depose that: 

T am presently ennployed as Detective, Columbus, Ohio Police Department, 
Intelligence Bureau, and have been with the Department for two and one-half 
years. During the month of May, 1972, several demonstrations occurred in 
Columbus, Ohio. T was present at the demonstrations occurring on May 9 
and May 11, 

At the May 9 demonstration. Vice President Agnew^ spoke at a fund-raising 
dinner. As the guests for the dinner arrived, they were physically and 
verbally abused. As the Vice President's car arrived, the rear window was 
struck with a rock directly behind where the Vice President was seated. In 
addition, the demonstrators threw potatoes at the guests and police. The 
demonstrators were also shouting obscenities at the guests and were observed 
spitting on the guests. 

At the May 11 demonstration, 250-300 demonstrators marched to the ROTC 
building on the Ohio State campus, Colun^bus, Ohio. The ROTC building was 
assaulted with rocks, and the fence and gate were damaged by rocks and other 
assaults. During this dennonstration, the demonstrators blocked traffic and 


destroyed personal property while marching from the Ohio State ROTC 
building to Fifteenth and High Streets in Columbus. As the police attempted 
to disperse the crowd, rocks were thrown at the police. A full-scale riot 
then resulted, causing the destruction of property, the setting of fires, and 
numerous arrests, as well as injuries to the police officers. 

The attached photographs accurately depict some of the demonstrations 
on May 9- and May 11. The attached press release was issued on May 14 by 
the demonstrators after the demonstrations were completed, acknowledging 
that they "attacked" Vice President Agnew, annong others. The attached 
flier was distributed prior to the May 11 demonstration by the organizers of 
that demonstration. The attached news articles were written concerning 
these demonstrations. 


Then personally appeared the above mentioned ROBKRT T. HTSLOP. JR. 
of Columbus, Ohio, and made oath that the foregoing statements are true 
to the best of his knowledge and belief, except those based on information, 
and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me, this ^9^ay of October, 1973. 


Notary Public 
My. Commission Expiies \hj i-i^ i97g 





■^ ^^- ^ 



Early Friday morning, 1500 OSU campus community residenta opposed to the Indo- 
china War vere nttacked by police under ordera from Safety Director Bernard 
Chupka and Sheriff Stacy Hall. We oought maximum visibility of our opposition 
to the wor Nixon has declared on humanity by nonvlolently occupying the 
Intersection at 15th end High, Against the advice and desires of OSU and 
city politicians and the Columbus police, Chupka and Hall, upper-class 
Republicans from the suburbs. Invaded our community and attempted to 
order uo to leave or be arrested. The reason the National Liberation Front 
and the Vietnamese people are winning la because they are fighting for 
control of their own land In the area where they live and work. We, too, 
will defend our communities against aggression and Invasion, 

Since Friday, warrents hnve been issued for the arrests of at least nine 
well-known community activists, described by police as leaders. None of 
the four people accused of inciting to riot did. In fact, encoSrage anything 
but a militant yet disciplined, nonviolent demonstration, «nd several 
vocally opposed entering High Street. Two people, Margaret Sarber and 
John Miernlk, who left the area two hours before the police attack, are 
in Jail with A combined ball of nearly one-quarter of a million dollars. 

These nine people were selected by the Moody Administration for political 
arrest, ao part of a nation-wide conspiracy by the Niton Administration and 
the Republican Party to silence opposltloti to their war of aggression in 
Southeast Asia. Margaret, John, Colin Nelburger and Steve Abbott are 
staff members of the Columbus Free Press, which has exposed and opposed 
the Moody and Nixon fldminlstrations and local, national and international 
oppression and repression. Margaret and Colin were perhaps the most visible 
spokespeople for the Indochina Coalition, which has conducted sustained 
antiwar activities since the renumptton of the bombing of North Vietnam, 
and which, on Tuesday, embarrassed Vice President Agnew and Republican 
fat-cats at their $125 a plate blood dinner. Ray Twohlg, who was busted 
In court, and Mike Schwartawalder are well-known movement lawyers, who 
h«v.e been deeply involved in the struggle for community control of police, 
nnd who were present at 15th and High as legal observers; Ray, perhaps 
the most visible attorney for Charles Ross, had filed suit against the 
police charging brutality., especially dujring the November 1871 riots. 
Jerry Friedman is well-known as the former president of Undergraduate 
Student Government and the figurehead of Community Union, which has worked 
towards community control of police, Karen Danesl and Chet Dllday are 
leaders of SDS, and have been active in orgnnlaing workers and students. 
Colin was instrumental in organizing Gay Pride Week, and Is one of Columbus' 
few publlcally-Bdmitted homosexuals. Margaret, John, Colin and Steve have 
been active in the struggle against death drugs in our community, a vital 
aspect of the Nixon Administration's ghetto pacification program. 

Margaret, John, Ray, Mike, Jerry, Steve, Colin, Karen and Chet have publical ly 
opposed, attacked and embarrassed such Republican officials as Chupka, 
Hall, Moody, Judges Schull and Fals, and Splro T. Agnew. The charges 
against thea seven are no more the result of their actions at 15th and 
High than was the FBI Interrogation of at least 20 people the result of 
the rock or potato that did not break Splro Agnew' s windshield. 

The Republican Party power brokers hope to silence opposition to their 
murderous policies throughout th e world, from Columbus to Indochina, 
through McCarthyesque attacks upon those they perceive to be our leader- 
ship. We will not be silenced. In the words of murdered Black Panther 
Fred Hampton: "When one of us falls, a thousand will rush to take his 


at list 


The People* uprlalsgs Is South Vietnam !• wlnptng. Nlxong 
l«te»t e$c«l*tloB, ihowB the failure of Vletn«isiz«tIon, and the 
desperation of the wannakers. 
Slace Moadays apeech, fcy Hlxon, the people fromBerkley.MadlaloB, 
Alburquerqe, (where two were shot), have met the escalation with 
IHCRSASING MILITANCY to end the war. Here In Columbua we met the 
SPIRO T, AGNEW, and the REPUBLICAN Party with 500 aagry, shouting 
people, who saw thru the facade of the ^25 dinners while people 
•""'*• I, thirneitt few days our anger will focus on ROTC and Battele 

Instute. ROTC provides 857. of our Second officers to the Indochina 
war.. Battele reseaches and produces projects, as the Chemical 
Defoiliaxtlon, Counter Insurgeroy Studies. 
Faced with a defeat in Vietnam, warmongers have launched a 
. freazeid attack on working people, especially black and brown perjle 
From the wage and price freeze. Inflation, welfare cutbacks, and 
runaway shops to the fraae ups of political leaders like Angela 
Davis, and Ruchel tlagee to outright MURDERS like George Jackaan, 
and Attica repression is Intensifying. But like the people of Indo- 
chiaa, blacks wonen gays working people are fighting back. 

Today " 

'•00 "March to statlhoose- from 

^OODALEl T^Av'Rv: /dem>J\5onj +buttlje5 /bloc<.v 

8-00 'Rally-oval karcmtoKotc 
ri^\PAY 3:30 "KALLY I5t^+H\^H 



Antiwab Rally Set for Today 

Another rally to protest the war in Vietnam will be held today at 1 :30 on the 

Plans to have the rally and a "guerrilla theatre" were made at an open meet- 
ing called by the Indochina Coalition Sunday night at the Wesley Foundation. 

The 50 people who attended also discussed ways to protest Vice President Spiro 
T. Agnew's visit to the Ohio State Fairgrounds Tuesday. Agnew will be speaking 
at a $125-a-plate dinner sponsored by the Ohio Republican Finance Committee. 

Colin Nieburger, one of the members of the coalition, said, "I think the word 
strike is the most premature action we can conceive of doing. People really 
don't want to relive 1967 again." 

Other people at the meeting said it would be "too bad" if people looking for 
a riot or having exams cancelled are disappointed. 

"As much as possible I think we should work on building something that will 
continue, not just end in June," said an unidentified speaker. 

Various forms of civil disobedience were the main actions discussed concern- 
ing Agnew's visit. Handing out free balogna sandwiches and closing off the 
fairgrounds entrances with sit-ins were discussed. 

The presence of secret servicemen and police was also brought up. "The police 
are always ready to change the issues," said one person. "They would love to 
change the issue of the Indochina War to 'hippies riot.' " 

The Indochina Coalition is a recently-formed group opposing the war in Indo- 
china, according to some people at the meeting. By a show of hands, less than 
half the people at the meeting were students. 

Members also discussed ways to involve non-students in the protests. "A lot 
of us work and can't make it to the rallies," said some. 

Another rally is scheduled for 4 :30 p.m. Tuesday. 

Agnew Attracts Protests 
(By Renee Kaputkin and Gary Gorman) 

About 375 demonstrators protesting President Nixon's blockade of North Viet- 
nam marched from the Oval to the Ohio State Fairgrounds' Lausche Building 
Tuesday where Vice President Spiro Agnew spoke at a $125-a-plate Republican 
fund raising dinner. 

The demonstrators arrived two hours before Agnew and formed a semicircle 
around the building. They shouted insults at the dinner guests as they entered, 
but there was little violence. 

Agnew aides said the rear window of the Vice President's car was cracked 
by a hard object. Agnew was not injured or disturbed, the aides said. 

Agnew was ushered through a back entrance that was closely guarded by riot- 
equipped Highway Patrolmen. 

Col. Robert Chairamonte, head of the Highway Patrol, said that 70 patrolmen 
were called out when demonstrators began blocking entrances to the building. 
"We're here to protect your right of peaceful assembly," Chairamonte said. 

The march began at a rally on the Oval organized by the Indochina Coalition, 
a recently formed group that opposes the war in Indochina. 

Coalition member Colin Neiburger, who is not a student, said the group is 
"fighting the same thing the Vietnamese are fighting — U.S. imperialism." 

He said the group wants to renew student interest in the war and educate 
people about war research on campus. 

"The only way to stop the war is for us to march, protest and stop the war 
machine," Neiburger said. "Voting has given us only Kennedy, Johnson and 

About 100 persons joined the original group of marchers before they reached 
the fairgrounds. 

Some dinner guests responded to the demonstrators' claim that they were sup- 
porting the war by attending the dinner. 

"I fought my wars so you people could be here now," one man said. Another 
said, "If we look for promises and performance, Nixon has pulled men out of 

Jeff Coleman, a member of the Indochina Coalition said, "We're trying to show 
that the young people of the United States are going to react to the escalation 
of the war and that the quiet campus is a myth," 


Demonstration Erupts 
(By Mary Umberger) 

The Rod Serling Festival wasn't the only "orgy" on campus late Thursday 

While an estimated 4,000 Twilight Zone fans watched the Maydaze "Movie 
Orgy" in French Field House, several hundred persons participated in a demon- 
stration that eventually led to a rock throwing and tear gas shooting battle 
between police and protestors. 

At the end of it all, 72 had been arrested, 31 had been injured, and about $3,000 
damage had been done to University property. 

Among the injured was David E. Stormer, associate director of campus police, 
who was hit in the face with a brick. He suffered a compound fracture of the 
nose and facial cuts and bruises. He was treated and released from University 

A police spokesman said he will be back at work today. 

Of the 31 injured, including 18 police, none was seriously hurt. All were treated 
and released from either University or Mount Carmel hospitals. 

Bernard Lachner, vice president for administrative operations, estimates dam- 
age to campus police vehicles at $1,000. He said five cruisers were damaged, all 
of which were back in operation by Friday afternoon. 

Lachner said about $2,000 damage occurred to windows and doors of campus 
buildings, primarily in South Campus residence halls. 

Campus police arrested four persons, none of whom were students, and of the 
68 arrested by Columbus police, 28 were students, Lachner said. 

Meanwhile, Saturday night city police Intelligence Bureau officers filed affi- 
davits charging about 14 additional persons with offenses related to the 

Included in the list was former Undergraduate Student Government President 
Jerome Friedman, on a charge of inciting to riot. As of Sunday afternoon, Fried- 
man had not been located. 

The demonstration began early Thursday evening with a rally by about 100 
persons on the Oval. The rally was organized to protest military research at the 
University and President Nixon's Indochina policy. 

At about 8 :30 the group marched to the ROTC Building, led by Colin Neiburger 
and Margaret Miemik, gathering marchers until the crowd size reached about 
250, observers said. The group tried to take over the building but were prevented 
by the building's gates and by University policemen on the scene and inside the 

The group left the ROTC Building and moved to 15th Avenue and High Street, 
where they blocked traflSc, smashed windows, overturned trash barrels, and 
pulled an old truck into the intersection. 

Columbus police stood by for more than two hours without taking action as 
Undergraduate Student Government President Mike White and Off Campus 
Student Association member David Showalter met with Police Chief Earl Burden 
in an effort to get the police to wait before taking action. 

At 12 :23 Columbus Safety Director Bernard Chui)ka ordered the crowd to dis- 
perse. Demonstrators answered by throwing rocks and bottles. 

Then Burden ordered police to move in at the 15th and High intersection, 
splitting the crowd into two sections. 

Police dispersed the crowd by shooting wooden knee-knockers, which are one 
and a quarter inch pellets. Cruisers patrolled north and south from Ninth to 15th 
Avenues, and east to west from North Fourth to High Streets until 2 a.m. 

The last reported trouble occurred at about 2 a.m., when a group burned some 
wooden crates in the street on 11th Avenue. 

About 45 campus police were called out during the disturbance, a police official 
said. Exact figures on ihe number of city policemen on tlie scene were unavailable, 
l)ut observers' estimates ranged from .50 to SO. in addition to an undisclosed 
number of city detectives and undercover intelligence officers. 

A demonstration and march to Battelle Memorial Institute on King Avenue 
planned for 3 :30 Friday afternoon failed to materialize, as only about 50 persons 
gathered at 15th and High. 

The campus remained quiet Saturday and Sunday, although police continued 
to patrol the area. 


:-•- EXfflBIT No. 256-29 


I, Ella Carol Jacques, campaign manager for the Kontgom;ry County 
Committee to Re-elect the President, 237 N. Main Street, Dayton, Ohio, 
swear and affirm that I have personal knowlec'3e of the following disturb- 
ances directed against the Nixon Campaign in the 1972 campaign: 

In September of 1972, two break-ins of the Montgomery County Committee 
to Re-elect the President headquarters at 237 N. Main Street, occurred. 
In the first break-in, office equipment was damaged and computer records 
id/ destroyed. -^ //• M 

were stolen ancy destroyed 

In the second break-in, computer printed precinct and mailing lists 
were stolen. Peace slogans and pro-McGovern slogans were painted on windows 
and walls. 

Prior to the Republican telephone campaign in our area, there was 
another group calling voijers. The goup identified themselves a^ an in- 
dependent polling organization. If the receiver of the calls indicated that 
they intended to vote for President Nixon, the callers became abusive in 
language and berrated the call receivers* choice. 

On October ^4, 1972, Sera tor William Brock appeared as surrogate speaker 
at the University of Dayton Student Center for the Committee to Re-elect 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 -— 18 


the President. Interspersed in the crowd of listeners were approximately 
30 hecklers who attempted to prevent Senator Brock from speaking. 

&M^/<^. ''^^^ 


Then personally appeared the above mentioned Ella Carol Jacqaes of 
Dayton, Ohio, and: aade oath that the foregoing statements are true to the 
best of her knowledge and belief, except those based on information, and 
as to those she belijevep the same /Qo be^true. 

Before me, 

le belLeves the sa 



F. WETH DONIEY, Not.ry PuHie 
In »nd (or Monl9om«ry County, Ohio 

Motary Public 


Exhibit No. 256-30 



) ss 

I, RICHARD J. BIGDA, of lawful age, being first duly 
sworn upon oathstate: ' '"'■' ' 

On Friday, November 3, 1972, an airport reception was held 
for President Nixon in a hanger at the Tulsa International Airport. 
At that event a number of anti Nixon, McGovern sign carrying youths 
tried to disrupt the President's speech. I observed these events 
from the vantage point of being the Chairman of the Tulsa Committee 
for the Re-election of the President. In this capacity, I was able 
to move freely in the area in order to coordinate the various activities 
and I could also observe many of the events which occurred that day. 
Two people from the President's advance staff, Mr. Buzz Mandel and Mr. 
J. David Andrews were also keenly aware of the demonstrators. 

The HcGo ve rn-An ti Nixon demonstrators arrived together in the 
reception hanger early, about noon, the President was to arrive at 3:15 
p.m. They gathered on a platform near the rear of the building, it was 
elevated above the general audience and in front of the speakers stand. 
They carried official blue and white McGo ve rn-Shr i ve r signs which were 
about 16X24" in size and mounted on poles and sticks. They also had hand 
made signs which said No More Years, Ban the Bomber, No More Bombs 
and other anti Nixon, anti war slogans. ; ' 


At Mr. Buzz Mandel's urging, I sent several young people into the 
same area to separate the demonstrators or dilute their increasing 
chants of No More Years. I was not able to count them in the crowd, 
but there were perhaps about 10-15. I heard from some of our people 
that they were making themselves quite unpopular. 

After the President arrived and he began his speech, the 
McGovern sign carrying group began to chant, "No More Years". They 
repeated this chanting 8 or 10 times during the President's address. 
Those surrounding the Nixon group countered with a chant of "Four 
More Years", in order to drown out their noise. From my point next 
to the spearkers stand, it was difficult to understand what the 
President was saying. The sound system was poor and the chanting de- 
tracted from the effectiveness of the speech. 

I ddi not meet any of the demonstrators and personally could 
not identify who they were. The November 4, 1972 Tulsa newspapers men- 
tion one name, the Tulsa police may have others. I do know that when 
some of our Republican youth urged the demonstrators to leave, the 
Secret Service men who' had also moved close to the anti group restrained 
the pro-Nixon youth from their activities. 

One other incident occurred during the grand opening of the 
Nixon headquarters. I received a report of several young men who 
were bothering some of our teenage Republicans outside of the buildings 
but they left before I actually knew of the incident. 

Our general policy was to ignore the McGovern campaign, 
its activities and headquarters entirely. We conducted our campaign 


in a positive manner without mentioning the opposition. 

Ri c h4 r d ' J . Bi gda 

Subscribed and sworn to before me this 5th day of October, 

Notary Public C^ 


My Commission Expires: 


ExraBIT No. 256-31 

I, MERRILL R. JACOBS, do swear and affirm the following to be 

On November 3, 1972, in Tulsa, Oklahoma, a group of demonstrators 
numbering 35 or 40 did appear at a Presidential rally to disrupt a political 
gathering. The demonstrators were organized in a manner to gain as much 
publicity and create a vocal, visible disturbance. 

Said demonstrators destroyed or pulled down Nixon, Bartlett (for 
Senate) and Hewgley (for Congress) signs and banners and replaced them 
with their own banners bearing obscenties. They also shouted chants in 
order to drown out whoever was speaking. 

Rumors of such a demonstration had been circulating prior to 
the Presidential visit and a demonstration was anticipated. The policy 
of the Nixon campaign was not to react to the demonstrators but to ignore 
them and hope they would not get out of hand. 

After the incident I was informed by several persons that the 
disturbance was led by a Mr. Lane of Tulsa who was a McGovern youth co- 
ordinator' in the area. Mr. Lane was detained and questioned by Tulsa 
police after the rally. 

The demonstration could be described as "semi-violent" in as 
much as signs, banners, etc. were destroyed, but to the best of my know- 
ledge no physical violence occurred. 

There can be no doubt that the demonstration was planned well 
in advance. The people in question arrived at the rally site early and 
staked out their positions. It was not a spontaneous outburst. The 
demonstrators were well supplied with McGovern signs and placards, and 
their intent was to prevent Nixon from being heard and at the same time 
gain press for their candidate, McGovern. The point of the matter being 
that the protestors were attempting to prove that President Nixon did not 
have solid support at the rally. 

Being present at the McDonnell Douglas facility where the rally 
and demonstration occurred and observing the event with much interest, 
I swear that the above is a true account of the events of that day of 

which I have personal knowledge. 



1972 Oklahoirfa^hairman 

Young Voters' for the President 




) ss . 

I, MERRILL R. JACOBS, being duly sworn, depose (affirm) and say 
that this statement of events is complete, true and correct to the best 
of my knowledge. 


Subscribed and sworn to (affirmed) before me this 4th day of 
October, 1973. ' 

My commission expires June 8, 1976. 

'^-^^ y (^ Notary/Publi^^-y ^ 


Exhibit No. 256-32 



JIM RODRIGUEZ, of lawful age, being duly sworn, deposes and says 
as follows: 

(1) During the 1972 Presidential campaign I served as youth co- 
ordinator of the Tulsa County Committee of the Re-Election of the President. 

(2) I was assigned by Richard Bigda and Paula Unruh, County 
Chairmen, to organize and direct the activities of youth at the airport 
ralley held in Tulsa on November 3, 1972. 

(3) X received information from our Tulsa Office that some type 
of disturbance was in the making the morning of the ralley. I was requested 
by Dave Andrews, a Seattle attorney who was a member of the President's 
advance party, to monitor any disturbance which might develop and to report 
back periodically during the day. 

(A) I observed a group of college-age youths gather ing just west 
of the hanger to be used in the ralley. There were several who had signs, 
but were making modest attempts to conceal their contents. By 2:00 P.M. 
their number had grown to approximately 35 to 45 strong and they were huddled 
together in football fashion. By this time It was obvious to me that this 
group was planning some type of organiied disturbance. 

(5) I reported to Dave Andrews my observations and he asked me 
to continue to monitor the movements of the group. 

(6) It was sometime in the vicinity of 2:00 P.M. when the group 
began to move into the building and gathered_ln -an area directly 'in^ftont of 
the speaker's platform about two-thirds back in the crowd. I would estimate 
that they were positioned about 100 feet from the speaker's stand. The group 
remained rather placid until the arrival of the President. 

(7) During the time of the President's walk to the platform, intro- 
duction and address there was constant demonstration of disregard for the 
President's right to speak to the thousands of people who had gathered to 
hear his message. The group caused a disturbance by yelling obscentltias 

and chanting slogans derogatory to the President. One in particular that I 
remember was, "One, two, three, four, we don't want your f--king war." The 
group of demonstrators stole sign poles belonging to the Re-Elect the Presi- 
dent Committee and displayed their signs high over the audience. 


■ •• page 2 

(8) Many of the signs which the demonstrators displayed were 
standard McGovern yard signs. There were several homemade signs with anti- 
Nixon slogans and some with obscent it ies . , , 

(9) During the disturbance several of the demonstrators were 
detained by local police for 20 to 30 minutes. One of these was Richard 
Lane, College Co-ordinator for the Eastern Oklahoma McGovem campaign. I 
will comment again about Mr Lane's involvement in the disturbance. 

(10) During the disturbance, a long-haired male youth activated 
a high-pressure fire hose spraying a good number of the crowd. I saw the 
police pursuing the youth and do not know if he was apprehended and associ- 
ated directly with the group of demonstrators. I believe that he was. 

(11) During the demonstration I was requested by Bus Mandel, of 
New York City and a member of the President's advance party, to remove the 
protesters from the building. The demonstrators said that this was a free 
country and did not leave. I did manage to recover some of the stolen sign 
poles, but more were taken as the rally progressed, 

(12) Immediately after the ralley I went to the McGovern Head- 
quarters on North Sheridan in Tulsa and spoke with a woman who identified 
herself as the County Chairman for the McGovern campaign. I spoke quite 
frankly with the Chairman describing how I felt about the disturbance. To 
the best of my recollection I said that my idea of good campaigning did not 
include shouting down a candidate for office at a ralley paid for out of 
that candidate's funds. I also stated that it was a sad day for Tulsa when 
the President of the United States couldn't come to town without being the 
object of a chorus of obscentit ies . The chairman told me that a group of 
young people did stop by her office that morning and pick up some signs, but 
that she had no control over their use. She added that no one from the 
McGovem Headquarters was involved in the disturbance. 

(13) After the meeting at McGovern Headquarters I started down 
Sheridan to find a place to eat. I was listening to KRMG, a local radio 
station. The station was reporting on the ralley and commenting on the 
demonstration and the subsequent detainment of some of the demonstrators. 
The announcer played a statement made by Richard Lane, the McGovem College 
Co-ordinator. Lane was one of those detained by the police. To the best 
of my recollection. Lane said that he was the leader of the demonstrators. 


Pa ge 3 

and that the police had deprived him and his associates of their freedom of 
speech. ■ ' ' • - ■ < - ' ■ " • . ^ '. 

(14) Two days later I met Mr. Lane in the lobby of the Twin Towers 
Donu at Oral Roberts University. I asked him if the group of demonstrators 
was any of his work. He said yes. I asked Lane, "Is your idea of freedom 
of speech the right of an individual to shout down the President of the 
United States when he was expressing his right to be heard?" Lane said, 
"Yes." I said, "That's where we differ." 

\Lt^^^v^^ /<^Wat^y t^4^2v 

Subscribed and sworn before me this 4th day of October, 1973. 


V^No tar)/ Public 

My commission expires June 8, 1976. 


EXfflBIT No. 256-33 


I, Samuel R. Caltagirone , do "hereby swear and depose that: 

in September and October of 1972, during the election for 
President Nixon, it was reported to me and the' police of 
Kutztown that bullet.- holes appeared in the plate glass 
window of one of our store fronts located in Kutztown on 
the main street in Berks Co;unty, Pa. on about three 
different evenings between the hours of Midnight and five 
A.M. On the fourth report, a rock was thrown thru the 
window. This was reported to our insurance carrier for the 
campaign thru our attorney in Phila., Pa. The glass 
window was replaced by Pittsburgh Plate Co., Reading, Pa. 

. Attached is a written report of an incident 
that occured during the campaign. It is signed by the 
two women who witnessed th e demonstration and enclosed 
is the newspaper article. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned SAMUSL R. 


of City » Reading > and made oath that 

the foregoing statements are true to the best of his knowledge and belief, 
except those based on information, and as to those he believes the same to 

be true. ^ y>^(r7^*-^<.cjcd^ K^ (r/(2^ia , ^^c^'-^-r-^^ 

Sworn to and subscribed 
Before me. this 31st day of October, ft. D. 1973. 

Notary Public 
Reading, Berks County, Pa. 

My Commission Expires 

March 3, 1977. 


Exhibit No. 256-34 

affidavit ; . 

I, Jack Moore, do hereby swear and depose that: 

I am a staff writer for the Lancaster New Era, which is located in Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania. The last week in September, 1972, a publicity release for the 
Rural Pennsylvania Comnnittee for McGovern-Shriver was mailed fronn 
Harrisburg, Pennsylvania, using a State Department of Agriculture addresso- 
graph stencil. A copy of this release was received by Sam Taylor, a Lancaster 
New Era staff writer. In the sanne nnail, Taylor also received a letter from 
the State Agriculture Department, The code numbers and type faces on the 
two envelopes -were identical to the release by the Rural Pennsylvania Committee 
for McGovern-Shriver. 

Pennsylvania Agriculture Secretary, James A. McHale, resigned in late 
August of 1972 as State Chairman of the above-mentioned McGovern-Shriver 
Committee to avoid possible prosecution for violation of the Hatch Act. 

On October 2, 197 2, following a report that McHale was using his depart- 
mental staff and facilities to aid the political activities of the McGovern-Shriver 
Committee, I made an attempt to gain access to conference room 202 in the 
Department of Agriculture building. According to McHale's office, the only 
key to the room was in the possession of William Minnick, McHale's adminis- 
trative officer, who could not be located. It was later learned that a police 


guard at the building had a key to room 202, but access w3s still refused by 
McHale's office. At 2:30 p.m. on October 2, 1972, three men were observed 
entering room 202 and removing cartons of materials. The cartons were 
removed from the building, and it was subsequently learned that these cartons 

wc re burned. 

On October 3, 1972, the Lancaster New Era ran a front page story and 
photographs on this political activity by the Secretary of the State Agriculture 
Department. As a part of the story, the front of the two letter envelopes 
referred to above were reproduced. This story and photographs are an accurate 

description of the activities described above, and~^re attached hereto as 

Exhibit A. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Jack Moore of Lancaster, 
Pennsylvania and made oath that the foregoing statements are true to the best 
of his knowledge and belief, except those based on information, and as to 
those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me, /yt^-^*-^ ^ y' Z'^', ^^ 7^ » 

' ^■< /'^ 

Notary Public/' ^ 

Marie M. MurpTqr 

Hotity Public, Lancaster, tancsster Conirty 

My Commission Expires July It, 1S76 


Exhibit No. 256-35 ^^ 

To The Senate Select Commi ttee~ori" Campaign Actiitities 

I, George Willeford, Jr., M. D., was notified by the 
Austin Fire Department shortly after noon on April 22, 1972 that the 
suite of offices occupied by the Republican Party of Texas on the 
third floor of the Littlefield Building in Austin, Texas was on fire. 

I immediately went to, the Littlefield Building to inspect 
for possible damage. I was admitted into the building and allowed to 
go to the third floor in the company of a fireman, who was obviously 
a supervisor. After the flames were put out, ceiling and wall panels 
torn out and so on, it was obvious that one end of our suite was heavily 
damaged and the rest of our office was smoked filled. An official of 
the Fire Department inspected the area closely and pointed out a spot 
on the floor in front of one of the offices that had suffered extreme 
heat. I was told at this time that the evidence around this particular 
area indicated arson--further tests and study confirmed his initial 
opinion. (A copy of the Marshall's report is attached as evidence.) 

To my knowledge, no one has ever been charged with this 
arsonist act. The fire took place during the time when anti-war 
demonstrations and campus turmoil was prevalent at the University of 
Texas and threats were common in other state, federal and political 

warned by re 
further acts 
quarters was 
any further 
we hired an 
addition to 
a sign-in/si 
6 p.m. 

fire forced us because of the damage to relocate in the 
Building. Later in the ye^r, before the election, we were 
sponsible Austin authorities that their intelligence indicated 
of arson or intrusion were anticipated. Our state head- 
considered a prime target. To head off as best as possible 
incidents, and acting on the advice of the Austin police, 
armed guard to provide all night in-office service. In 
this precaution, the management of the building instituted 
gn-out procedure for everyone moving through th^'are^^^after 

George Wi 
State Chain 

Sworn to before me this 
f^ d ay of_^^^^^::C^, 1973 

Notary Public 


Matter RIe No ^5-_4A6.. 


^ Building Fire 

Dafe of fire AP^i L 22 . 1 972 _ . 

Locafion 104_East_6th Street 

rn Other (Specify) 

Time A.M. _ 2:20 P.M. 

._.___. Persons Killed 

" Injured 

" Made Homeless. 

LittTefie ld Building Corporation 

Kind of Structure 1 Jtory Bri ck„._ 

How Occupied Off ice Buij di n^. 




Causa of fi're- 

State Republican Executi ve Commi ttee. et a1 


Building: $_ 



But. Inter 



1 . 600,000.00 $ 1^5a0^00.0Q^ $ 41,82J_._PP„ 


.$_ 41.821.00 









Local Agent: 

Insurance Company i Policy No: 

Amt. Insurance 



A fire of incendiary origin gutted about 50 feet of hallway in front of offices 
number 327-329 and 331. An incendiary device had been placed in front of 329 
and a flamnable liquid poured in front of the other doors. The offices were 
closed and locked. There was minor fire damage inside the offices. Smoke 
damage was heavy in the offices, hallways on the third and fourth floor, and 
other offices located on the third floor. The remains of the incendiary de- 
vice were removed and retained for evidence. There was a strong odor of gaso- 
line in the hallway at the time of the fire. The majority of the offices on 
the third floor are occupied by the "op'iblican Party Election Campaign Head- 
quarters. The fire was directed at this organization. However, there is no 
apparent motive at this time. This investigation will continue. 

Nam« at fi 
D«l< t Tim 
fM lU «... 

. M.r.h.i: Le iand Ij. Priest 

, in...«, s..r>.^. 4-22-72 4:15 p.m. 

5-9-72 '°-"°" 

JCftites 0. Loflin 

Chief Investiga tor 


Insurance Information for fire at 104 East 6th Street - Littlefield Building. 

INSURED: Littlefield Building Corporation 

AGENT: C. A. Schutze 

POLICY INFORMATION: Conriercial Insurance - F6273588 $450,000.00 

Commercial Insurance - F6273592 $b50,000.00 

Twin City Fire Ins. - 115049 $200,000.00 

West American Ins. - 1314433 $200,000.00 

(Rent Coverage)Commercial Insurance - F6273586 $190,000.00 

INSURED: Better Business Bureau - 404 Littlefield Building 

AGENT: Enfield Agency 

POLICY INFORMATION: Aetna - 547931 (contents) $ 15,000.00 

INSURED: B. G. Shelby DBA Shelby Co. - 322 Littlefield Building 

AGENT: Nieman, Hanks, and Puryear 

POLICY INFORMATION: General Accident - 4541217 (contents) $ 25,000.00 

INSURED: State Republican Executive Committe 

AGENT: " Employers Ins. of Texas 

POLICY INFORMATION: Employers Casualty Co. - FMC041362 (contents)$ 15,000.00 

Data of fh!s report. 


Austin Fire Morshal's Office 


May 9, 1972 

(Wh<r< Work St«ri.d| 




104 East 6t h Street _ 


April 22. 1972 


On Saturday afternoon, April 22, 1972, a fire was reported on the 
third floor of the Littlefield Building. Mr. B. G. Shelby occupies 
Suite 322, doing business as Shelby Company. Mr. Shelby specializes 
in distinctive printing. Mr. Shelby said he was working in his of- 
fice and noticed smoke coming in the office. He said he inmediately 
called the Fire Department, lie then opened the door to the corridor 
and it was loaded with smoke. A fire escape was just to the left of 
Mr. Shelby's office door and he used the fire escape to leave the 
building. The fire was located in a short hallway off the main cor- 
ridor. Mr. Shelby said he did not believe he could have got past 
the hallway to the elevator due to the heavy smoke and flames. Mr. 
Shelby's office and equipment suffered considerable smoke and mois- 
ture damage. Mr. Shelby wa's interviewed at the fire scene and again 
on Monday, April 24. He said he did not hear or see anyone in the 
hallway since he was concentrating on his work and the first he knew 
of the fire was when the smoke started coming into his office. 

The hallway in front of offices 327, 329 and 331 was completely gut- 
ted by the fire. These offices and several other offices on the 
third floor are occupied by the State Republican Executive Committee. 
The offices are used for campaign headquarters, printing offices, 
and other services for the Republican Party. The fire did not acutal- 
ly get into any of the offices. There was extensive smoke and some 
water damage to the contents of the rooms served by the hallway that 
was gutted. Some of the printing supplies and materials stored along 
the walls of the office next to the fire area were damaged by fire 
when the glass in the doors and windows broke out. The heaviest 
damage was to the wiring and telephone lines in the ceiling of the 
hallway. The remainder of the hallway and offices on the third floor 
suffered heavy smoke damage. There were varying degrees of smol'e 
damage on the fourth floor. The stairway from the third to the 
fourth floor was open and there was nothing to stop the flow of smoke 
up the stairway. 

Fire Inspector R. E. Brune was on duty at the time of the fire and 
made the preliminary investigation. Fire officers on the scene be- 
lieved the fire had originated in wiring in the ceiling of the hall- 
way. Inspector Brune was able to determine that the fire was of in- 
cendiary origin and recovered the remains of an incendiary device that 
had been placed in front of the door to office number 329. It ap- 
peared that a flammable liquid had also been poured in front of the 
doors to the other offices in this hallway. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 19 


Page 2 

The remains of the incendiary device appeared to be two p)astic con- 
tainers in a brown paper bag of the size and tvpe used in grocery 
stores. There was also a white powder residue around the plastic 
containers. There was a strong odor of gasoline in the hallway at 
the time of the fire. The remains of the incendiary device also 
smelled strongly of gasoline. 

Jim Kane and Cyndi Taylor, employees of the Republican Party, said 
that employees had been working in the offices until around 1:00 P.M. 
A clock in the office had stopped at 2:20 P.M. and this was also the 
time the fire alarm was received. 

Noble Lytle of Leander was the security guard on duty. He said he 
had made the rounds and was in the hallways and corridors of the 
third floor around 1:45 p.m. He said the halls were clear and no one 
around at that time. 

Mrs. Olivia Smith works at the Better Business Bureau office on the 
fourth floor. She said tRat she had entered the building about 1:45 P.M. 
and got on one of the elevators. She said she noticed a young man 
around 30 years old had entered the foyer behind her but did not get 
on the elevator. He just stood around the foyer. She said the eleva- 
tor did not move and she changed to the other elevator and the man 
still did not get on the elevator. She said they exchanged a few words 
about the elevator and that he stayed in the foyer when the elevator 
started up. Mrs. Smith described the man as a Johnny Carson type, with 
light hair, clean shaven, normal haircut, and wearing a sport shirt. 
He was not wearing glasses. Mrs. Smith said he was carrying a bundle 
under his arm wrapped in a light colored denim material. The size of 
the package she described would have been about the size of the incen- 
diary device recovered by Inspector Brune before it burned. Mrs. Smith 
said the man did not have any distinctive accent or speech defect, and 
appeared to be about 5 foot 10 inches tall and weighed about 160 pounds. 
Employees of the Republican Party offices did not know of anyone fitting 
this description, and no one knew of any threats or motive for the fire. 
A few days prior to the fire there had been so called anti-war demon- 
strations and riots at the University of Texas jnd several of the 
employees thought this incident might have bt-en related to these riots. 

This investigation will continue. 


5181 : 

Exhibit No. 256-36 


The undersigned being first duly sworn, deposes 
and states: 

(1) That he served during the last Presidential 
campaign as an advance aide to President Richard M. Nixon 
and to members of the First Family. 

(2) That on October 24, 1972, he was the advanceman 
for Tricia Nixon Cox in connection with her participation in a 
dedication ceremony for the Department of Transportation 
Personal Rapid Transit System in Morgantown, West Virginia. 

(3) That preceding and during the dedication 
ceremonies, a number of student demonstrators, estimated to 
be approximately 100 in number, attempted to disrupt the 
ceremony through chanting and catcalling during the progress 
of various speeches. 

(4) That the organization sponsoring the demon- .,. 
stration was identified as the Coalition to Stop the Re-Elec- 
tion of President Nixon. An article announcing the demonstra- 
tion appeared in the University of West Virginia Campus news- 
paper the day preceding the dedication. See attached. "* '' 

'i/ ^o/. 



Subscribed and sworn to before me 
this A/H dav of rJr:^;^ . 1973. 

Demonstration set 
at PRT ceremony 

The "Coalition to stop the 
Re-election of President 
Nixon" is sponsoring a demon- 
stration at the PRT dedication 
on Tuesday, Oct. 24. 

Those who wish to partici- 
pate are asked to meet in front 
of the Engineering Building on 
the Evansdale Campiii-ai-aJO 
aaxuTuesdaj^^according t^ 
^lan J~~Stephans. spokesman 
lor tlie'gronp: — ^ ' ^ 

Notary 'Rjblic in and fpr the -S-LuLe 
-erf l2>Cx.^l.i^^ r^'.rOi-y^^l^et^ rooiding 
■in ' 


My commission expires /)/.ur^ /V /9? -i 



Exhibit No. 256-37 

affidavit ^ 

I, Richard M, Cohen, do hereby swear and depose thatt 

I presently reside at 6U7 East Capitol Street, Washington, D.C, and 
am presently employed at The American Broadcasting Company, In August 1972, 
I decided that I would join the HcGovern for President campaign in early 
September 1972. In August 1972, I had a meeting with Ted Van Dyk with regard 
to a possible position in the McGovern campaign. At that meeting. Van Dyk 
suggested that I might undertake a project involving traveling on the President's 
or Vice President's campaign planes so that I might have ready access to all events 
occuring on or off the planes. The primary purpose of the project was to convey 
information from public statements rapidly to YicGovern Headquarters, ajid a secondary 
function would be to relate embarassing incidents which might occur on the planes. 
Van EJ?-k further explained that there were other things that I might do for the 
campaign, such as field organizing or speech research. I agreed to do the project 
because I saw it as an opportvmity to combine an active committment to the McGovern 
candidacy with a chance to publish some articles about the campaign. I had a back- 
round of writing a colxunn for The New Democrat, a reform-minded magazine of Democratic 
politics. Van Dyk and I tentatively agreed on a salary of $150 per week plus ex- 
penses, hopefully to be paid by somebody independently of the campaign. We projected 
the cost of the project at $10,000. That figure, however, was a rough estimate, 
and the project was never carried far enough to refine that figure. 

It was clear from the beginning that I was to seek legitimate credentials on 
my own, and I would be free to write anything and for anybody that I saw fit. At 
no time did we even discuss using phony credentials or a false cover story to 
gain access to the Nixon and Agnew campaign planes. 


Van Pyk and I discussed the project on several occasions, and I also dis- 
cussed It with Henry Van Dyk was in favor of the project, and I was 
informed that Frank Kankiewicz, too, gave his approval. Of that, I have no 
first-hand knowledge. Kimelman was opposed primarily because he felt that it 
represented a waste of McGovern campaign funds. At one meeting. Van I)yk told me 
that one of the reasons for undertaking the project was that the Humphrey people 
had done it successfully against Nixon in 1968. 

After my meetings with Van Dyk, I Independently sought to obtain legitimate 
press credentials. I met with a senior editor of a large publishing house and 
was told that my book proposal was an interesting one and that he would welcome 
a manuscript, but that no "advance" would be possible. I then went to see Gloria 
Steinem, editor of Ms. magazine, I suggested to her a number of topics for articles 
and she indicated her interest, I was issued a letter stating that I was authorized 
to cover the Nixon-Agnew campaigns on behalf of Ms. I would like to state that 
at no time, to my knowledge, did Ms. Steinem have any knowledge of the ycGovern 
connection. I later filed the credential with the appropriate press officers at 
the White House and the Executive Office Building. 

During that approximate time, I visited with Stewart Mott to discuss his pos- 
sible role in financing this operation. Mott indicated that he was skeptical about 
it, but stated that he would fund it if it were important to Mankiewlcz, Van Dyk 
and Kimelman. He did add, though, that he would subtract the expenditure from 
his total contribution to the McGovern campaign. I believe that he discussed this 
with Henry Kimelman by telephone on more than one occasion. The whole idea was 
quashed long before the resolution of financial arrangements. 


The entire tine-span of consideration of this project was approiijnately two 
or three weeks. I was informed in very early September by Ted Van Dyk that Senator 
George McGovern had been consulted and disapproved the project, and that after 
some discussion, all concerned agreed that we should not pursue it, I then went 
to work for Citizens for McGovern-Shriver, where I enjoyed a short, but respectable, 
career as an organizer. 

To my knowledge, nobody sei-ved ray originally planned function, nor any similar 
function, at any time during the campaign of George McGovern. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Richard M, Cohen of Washington, 
D.C. and made oath that the foregoing statements are true to Atfe. be?/, of hi9''lfnow- 
ledge and belief, except those based on information, and arXdj 
the same to be true. 

8ef(M=e-j<i9-j — 

c-/ 6 


1^ ri>-<-'- 

9 77 

Notary Public 


Exhibit No. 256-38 


I, Toni B. Greenwood, do hereby swear and depose that; 

On October 12, 1972 I was office manager forthe Washington office 
of Democrats for Nixon located at 1010 I6th Street, N. W., Washington, D. C. 
At approximately 11:00 A.M. on October 12, 1972, 75 to 100 people entered 
the office. They identified themselves as a "poor people's lobbying group" 
against pending welfare legislation. I found travel vouchers which indicated 
that buses or reimbursement for gasoline had been provided to transport some 
of the demonstrators from as far away as Philadelphia and Baltimore. The 
group took over the office and proceeded to tear down our Nixon campaign 
posters. Nixon campaign material was destroyed by the demonstrators and 
pro-McGovern literature was left in the headquarters. Typewriters and other 
office equipment were damaged by the demonstrators. Office supplies such 
as staplers and soft drinks kept on hand for our volunteer workers were stolen. 
Typewriter Wite-Out was poured on the carpet staining it permanently. A 
number of long distance telephone calls were made by the demonstrators on 
our telephones. At 4:30 P.M. I told the demonstrators they would have to 
leave or face arrest. At 5:00 P.M. the demonstrators vacated the office, 
except approximately 20 people who volunteered to remain. Those that remaine< 
were arrested by the Metropolitan Police. 


Attached as Exhibit A is an article appearing in the Washington Post 
on October 13, 1972. This article accurately describes the demonstration. 

Then personally appeared the above mentioned Toni B. Greenwood of 
Washington, D. C. and made oath that the foregoing statements are true to the 
best of her knowledge and belief, except those based on information, and as 
to those she believes the same to be true. 

Before me, 

Notary Public 


[From the Washington Post, Oct. 13, 1972] 

Welfare Activists Arrested at Pbo-Nixon Office 

(By Jon Katz) 

Twenty persons, including six children, were arrested last niffht after a day- 
long takeover by more than 75 welfare rights protesters of a Washington office 
of Democrats for Nixon. 

The demonstrators, from Washington. New York City, Baltimore and Phila- 
delphia. tKcupietl an otfice of the campaign group at 1010 16th St. NW shortly 
after 11 a.m. and converted it into a "poor i>eople's lobbying group" against 
pending welfare legislation. 

They were i)ermitted to remain inside the storefront office until 4 :30 p.m. 
when office manager Toni Greenwood told them they had to leave or face arrest. 

Tlie bulk of the demonstnitors left shortly before 5 p.m., Imt the 20, including 
George Wiley and Audrey Colom. both officials of the National Welfare Rights 
Organization (NWRO). refused to leave and were escorted out by police. 

Sliortly after they entered the office, the demonstrators destroyed all Nixon 
campaign literature in sight. They ripi>etl ix>sters off of the walls and windows 
and replaced them with welfare rights literature and signs. 

Throughout the day uniformed metropolitan police stood out.side, but acce<led 
to requests by Democrats for Nixon officials that the demonstrators be i>ermitted 
to remain. 

Despite the destruction of the literature. Wiley and Roxanne Jones of the 
Phi'adelphia WRO repeatedly urged the demonstrators not to bother the cam- 
paign workers, several of whom bantered and exchanged food with the protesters. 

The demonstrators burst into cheers and chants when Wiley told them at 
1 p.m. that they cou'd remain. "We official'y declare this place the poor people's 
campaign HR-1 (welfare legislation) before Congress," said Wiley. 

There were no injuries or incidenrs during the arrests. Police said all 20 
were charged with unlawful entry. The men were taken to the second district 
police station, the women were taken to the Women's Detention Center, and the 
juveniles were taken to the youth division holding center in Georgetown, said 

The welfare rights official said the takeover was prompte<l by television ads 
sponsored by Democrats for Nixon warning that the election of Democratic 
nominee George McGovem would result in an increase in the number of welfare 

The demonstrators. Wiley said, were also protesting and lobbying against 
provisions of the Social Security Bill (HR-1) which went to conference 
Wednesday. Welfare organizations charge that some pro^"i.sions are "racist and 

The bill, said Wiley, would strip the poor of legal protection and force some 
welfare recipients and tlieir children to live far below minimum subsistence 

Provisions of the bill attacked by NWRO include : 

Authorizations of $400 million for tests of various welfare provisions the 
NWRO says lack safeguards for the poor. 

PermisiSion for states to cut back Medicaid programs for the poor and to 
charge the poor for part of the services. 

Requirements that Social Security numbers be assigned to children of welfare 
recipients to check cheating : barring added payment.s to welfare women who 
are pregnant ; creating a federal system to track down deserting fathers : re- 
establishing residency requirements ; and softening confidentiality rules for wel- 
fare case records. 

Democrats for Nixon is headed by former Treasury Secretary John Connally, 
who was (Campaigning on Mr. Nixon's behalf yesterday and was unavailable for 

A spokesman for the group, which is headquartered in the Madison Office 
Building at 15th and M Streets NW, said the demonstrators were permittetl 
to remain during the day "because they didn't bother anyone and were dem- 
onstrating for something they believe in. There's no reason to evict them." 

Wiley said if the provisions were not eliminated, the group would continue 
it.« occupation of the Democrats for Nixon storefront as a lobbying center against 
the bill. 


EXfflBIT No. 256-39 


I, ROBERT C. ODLE, JR., do hereby swear and depose that: 

I am employed as Executive Assistant to the Assistant Secretary 
for Housing Management at the Department of Housing and 
Urban Development. I reside at 309 North Saint Asaph Street, 
Alexandria, Virginia. 

During the 1972 Presidential Campaign, I held the position 
of Director of Administration for the Committee for the 
Re-election of the President. During the campaign the CRP 
was greatly concerned for the security of its National 
Headquarters at 1701 and 17 30 Pennsylvania Avenue in 
Washington, D. C. This concern was due to acts of violence 
and destruction which were both threatened and perpetrated 
against the headquarters of the CRP in Washington, as well 
as the state and local CRP headquarters throughout the 
country. In my position as Director of Administration, I 
often received information regarding these threats, and acts 
of violence and destruction, and caused various memoranda 
to be prepared by me and received by me from other staff 
members. These memoranda detailed the measures which were 
contemplated and executed by the CRP throughout the country 
to protect ourselves against violence, and against 
demonstrations whic^ might become violent. " 


During the 1972 campaign the national CRP headquarters on 
Pennsylvania Avenue was the object of numerous bomb threats. 
In fact, on at least one occasion, we were forced to evacuate, 
for several hours, the entire headquarters building due to a 
bomb threat. In addition, we received reports, almost on a 
daily basis, from CRP headquarters across the country that 
had received bomb threats directed against their buildings. 
Moreover, at least one CRP office was completely destroyed by 
arsonists and a bomb also exploded in the Alameda County 
Republican headquarters in Oakland, California, causing 
considerable damage. These bomb threats and actual bombings 
caused us intense concern, and necessitated the distribution 
of a memorandum to all our state chairmen recommending 
procedures to be employed in the event of bomb threats or 
other destructive or dangerous incidents or threats thereof. 
I have attached to this affidavit a copy of that memorandum 
dated September 25, 1972. 

Another cause of great concern during the 1972 campaign was 
the numerous demonstrations which occurred throughout the country 
including the District of Coliombia. During the 1972 campaign, 
many demonstrations occurred at or near the national CRP 
headquarters on Pennsylvania Avenue. On one occasion, for 
example, a group of demonstrators chained themselves to the 


door of the building at 17 30 Pennsylvania Avenue for 
approximately 24 hours. During this demonstration, blood 
was thrown by the demonstrators, both on the buildings and 
on Nixon campaign workers. The headquarters was forcibly 
shut down for an entire day. Finally, the CRP headquarters 
received many threats against the life of the President, 
the Vice President, the Campaign Director, and the wife of 
the Campaign Director. 

Thus, the extreme concern which the CRP had for the 
security of its staff and National headquarters was caused 
by a series of death threats, bomb threats, threats of 
demonstrations, demonstrations, threats of violence, and 
actual violence, both in Washington and at CRP offices 
across the Nation — a kind of harassment which I believe 
is unparalled in American political history. 


Then personally appeared the above mentioned 
ROBERT C. ODLE, JR., 'of Alexandria, Virginia, and made 
oath that the foregoing statements are true to the best 
of his knowledge and belief, except those based on informa- 
tion, and as to those he believes the same to be true. 

Before me, this day of November, 1973 


Notary Public 

My Commkslon Expiies luna 30, 1976 


Committee for the Re-election of the President - ■- 


' . , September 25, 1972 


FROM:, ROBERT C. ODLE, JR. ^ ^(* , ^ * 

SUBJECT: Security Measures 

As you may have read, a campaign facility in California was 
the recent victim of an arsonist. It is possible that some 
storefronts in your state will also become targets for 
demonstrations or incidents similar to California's experience. 

While it is almost impossible to predict or prevent a spontaneous 
incident, the following precautions are suggested: 

1) Require positive identification (e.g., a driver's license) 
of all unknown persons who volunteer to work. A guest register 
is also helpful. 

2) Local police (including campus police when appropriate) 
should be notified of the existence of a storefront and its 
hours. The police should also be given the name and the 
phone number of the person(s) to be contacted. Someone should 
be designated as responsible on a.2A-hour basis. Close liaison 
with local police should be developed. The police should also 
be asked to provide infomation regarding their recommended 
procedures for bomb threats and suspicious packages. 

3) Call collect Stephen B. King, Director of Security for the 
National Committee, immediately upon learning of any incident, 
actual or potential. His office number is 202/ 333-6120. 
Steve's home number is 703/ 360-5642. 

4) Consideration should be given to contingencies in the instance 
of petitioning demonstrators, a confrontation inside the facility, 
etc. Who will meet with demonstrators, receive petitions, etc.? 
One or two demonstrators could be permitted in a facility if they 
demand it and it seems appropriate. Police, of course, should 
handle any serious problem within their jurisdiction (street, 
sidewalk) . Careful planning could avoid incidents or complaints 
to the police. 


5) None of the above should preclude you or any office 
manager from making arrangements on an Individual need basis; 
e.g., providing guards at night and/or day. Installation of 
alarm systems, etc. The expense, of course, must be borne 
locally. The Wackenhut Corporation, a private security firm, 
has offered to provide guards, etc., at discounted costs. 
Further information may be obtained by calling Steve King. ' 

Please contact Steve King if you have any questions or if 
he can be of assistance. 



Exhibit No. 256-40 

State of Vfyowing, ) 

) ss. 
(irunty of Sheridan) 

I, DAVID B. KENNEDY, being first duly sworn ijpon 
oath do depose and say: 


That during the year 1972 I was Ch^iman of the 
Republican State Central Conmittee of %oniing. 


That on Thursday, Novanber 2, 1972, then Vice 
President, Spiro T. Agnew came to Cheyenne, VTyooiing to give a 
carrpaign speech at a political rally. 

That a great deal of interest and enthusiasm in 
VfyomLng over this much publicized speech resulted in an over-flow 
crowd of more than 5,000 people at Storey gynnasiun in Cheyenne. 


That I was present at the rally and sat en the 
speaker's platform during the entire rally, including the Vice 
President's speech.. 


That there was no danonstration of any kind during 
retrarks by any of the preliminary speakers, but shortly after 
the Vice President began his speech a group of more than 10 but 
apparently fewer than 20 individuals created a major disn:ptance. 


That socoe of the daronstrators shouted not only 
political slogans but obscenities as well. MDSt of the disruption, 
hcMever, was caused by the demonstrator^ blowing whistles \%hich 
was dene so censtantly that I found it impossible to hear more 
than isolated phrases of the Vice President's speech for a major 
porticn of the speech. 


That subsequent reports in the press and an inves- 
tigation into the incident have shown that the danonstrators were 
nearly all from Wyocning and had been recruited for the express 
purpose of creating just such a disrvption. 


8. • 

That cne of t±ie participants in the demonstration 
recently bragged publicly that the dcsncnstration was indeed 

That by virtioe of the sad perfonrance of a hand- 
ful of disruptive people, the Vice President of the Ihited States 
and soma 5,000 Wyoming citizens who c-ame to hear him were deprived 
of their First Amendment riglits. ^-- 

October, 1973. 

DATED at Sheridan, Wyoming this 29th day pf 

The foregoing affidavit was acknowledged 
me by David B. Kennedy this 29th day of October, 1973. 

(SEAL) Ndpdry Public \^/^ 

My comnission expires : \y^y'f<Z-'Ci^<)C^ ^ /^y^^J^ 


21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 20 


Exhibit No. 257 




32084 » 

MSCA * 11 October 1973 

SUBJECT: Transmittal of After Action Report - OPERATION DADE 

Mr. Robert Sllverstein 

Assistant Minority Counsel 

Select Committee on President's Campaign Activities 

United States Senate 

Room G-308, New Senate Office Building 

Washington, D, C, 205IO 

Transmitted herewith is one (1) copy of After Action Report - OPERATION 
DADE per yowc request to Mr. Robert T. Mounts, Assistant General Counsel, 
Office of the Governor, State of Florida. 




After Action Report LTC, GS, FlaARNG 

Asst. Director, MSCA 
OF: Mr. Mounts 


D^ or 






V. ; . ^ .. . _ . 

This is the revised edition of The Manual for the Republican Conven- 
tion. It was published to- help you better understand the scenario, pro- 
grams, and services. of this action. 

This manual should answer most of your basic questions about life and 
services on the land, survival in the streets, and how the scenario was de- 
ve 1 ope d. 

As you read, through this manual, you'll notice the strong emphasis we 
place on Viet Nam and the Vietnamese. We do so, not only because that 
country is the main target of Nixon's genocidal game plan, but because 
there is much that we can learn from the Vietnamese revolution. The 
people in Viet Nam have demonstrated to the world that the spirit and de- 
termination of the people can spell victory. 

They have also taught us what organization and revolutionary discipline 
can mean for any struggle. Tiiis manual seeks to develop our skills in or- 
ganization and discipline by defining our actions and our needs. 

For the next few "days, all power to the people. 

Hoa Binh, (in peace) '' 

The Red Buffalo Press i 


Dear American friends in Miami, 

-/ — - ^ — .. — ^^ — . ^ . — ...,, — . — — »'-*-&• 

Meanwhile we Vietnamese people only wish to live in Independence a 
Freedom to build bur country, like every people in this world. We. do not 
threat the security of the U. S. , we haven't done any harm to the sound 
sleen of the American Deoole. 

sleep of the American people 


Our dikes, hospitals, schools, cities have been targets for "smart 
bombs" which the Pentagon is often boasting about their precision . 
Our civilian population have been targets for a nt i- pe rso ne 1 bombs the 
pellets or darts of which are improved by U. S. modern technology and 
made of plastic so that X ray cannot detect them. 

You do know that one of the most precious and great legacy our 
forefathers left us is 2000 miles of dikes. This system of dikes have pro- 
tected our lives on the plain throughout thousands ot years in our history 
against natural calamities. 

In his statement made on April 30, 1972 Mr. Nixon indicated that 
dikes were "strategic targets and indirectly military targets". 173 air-raids 
have- been systematically and deliberately launched against the dikes, 
thereby posing a serious threat against the lives of millions of out people. 

In Mr. Nixon's eyes, out country is mer'ely a no man's land and our 
people are not human beings. 

Mr. Nixon acknowledged however that he had good will , that he 
wanted to negoiatc seriously a solution'' to the Vietnam problem. This is 
purely ironical and impudent indeedl Mr. Nixon only wants to win a posi- 
tion of strength ao as to force the Vietnamese people to accept peace on 
his term s. 

He is often boasting about U. S. power. He can wipe the dikes out 
within a week. He can finish off the North Vietnamese in an afternoon. 
He believes that brutal force can help him decide the fate of the Vietnam- 
ese people. He has miscalculated. The American and world people will 
not permit him to do as he likes. The VLetnamese people, like other 
peoples, are self-respecting, self-relying and undomitable people. The 
Vietnamese people will never submit to brutal force. Previously, with 
more than half a miillion troops in the South and waging over four years 
of airwar against the North, the U. S. could not bring our people to our 
knees. At present, our people have gathered more experiences in the war. 
Then, Nixon Administration will never achieve the aims that its predecessor 
has failed to achieve. On the contrary, the longer it continues the war, 
the more hatred it will inspire to our people for the aggressor and the more 
it will strengthen our determination and solidarity to fight for the defense 
of our beautiful native land, our independence and freedom, our human 
dignity and our life. 

Dear American friends, we are fully aware that the majority of the 
American people are against the prolongation of war. They want an early 
end to the war to let the Vietnamese people settle their own affairs, and 
not to wast more U. S. money and lives in Vietnam. They want to solve 
their own domestic problems. 

They have come to Miami, together with the citizens of Miami, they 
will act to make pressure on Nixon Administration and to demand that it 
stop the war, stop the U. S. involvement and stop backing Thieu. 

With our best wishes of success. Hoping we will meet you someday, 
in Miami or in our Halong bay when the war ends. 



Secretary of the Vietnamese Committee 

for Solidarity with the American People 


SUNDAY, AUGUST 20, 1972 
Vietnamese Cultural Event 
PLACE: Flamingo Park 

At 7 PM on Monday evening, August 21, on the Flamingo Park land 
site, Vietnamese living in the United States will present a pageantry of 
their history, a Cultural Event. 

Many of us who have been demonstrating over the past several years, 
in order to help the Vietnamese in their struggle for freedom and inde- 
pendence, have heard of their legendary indominable spirit. But, to under- 
stand a revolution, we must understand the people. 

The Cultural Event is a rare opportunity for us to see the Vietnamese 
portray their culture through sond, dance, theater and poetry. The 4,000 
year Vietnamese legacy of resistance and independence will be explained, 
demonstrating why Viet Nam is for the Vietnamese. In addition, Madame 
Nguyen Thi Binh, foreign minister of the Provisional Revolutionary Govern- 
ment of South Viet Nam will address the assembly via transcontinental 
telephone to make a proposal to end the war. 

We in America who protest the war, act out of our anger, but we also 
act out of love. Let's learn about those we love; let's learn about the 
Vietnamese and their beautiful way of life. 


Youth and Senior Citizen 

Panel Investigation 

TIME: 9:30 AM - 5 PM, both days 

PLACE: Jewish Cultural Cente,r (429 Lenox Avenue, Miami Beach) 

On August 21 and 22 at the Jewish Cultural Center ( Sth and Lenox 
Avenues, Miami Beach), beginning at 9:30 AM, a jury of young and old 
citizens will investigate un-American activities that were carried out by 
the Nixon Administration. 

Among those who will testify and answer questions will be Jane Fonda, 
William Kuntsler, Bobby Seale, Allen Ginsberg and representatives of native 
Americans, Chicanos, Vietnamese and other groups with grievances against 
the state . 

On Wednesday morning the jurors will present tb-eir findings to the 
Republican National Committee. 


MONDAY, AUGUST 21, 1972 

Women in Revold 

TIME: 4 PM - Flamingo Park 

5:30 - 8 PM - Convention Hall Rally 

Richard Nixon is carrying out a genocidal war against the people of 
Viet Nam, and especially against Vietnamese women - forcing them into 
prostitution, causing them to breath chemicals and deliver deformed babies, 
destroying the family fabric of the society. We demand an immediate and 
total withdrawal of all U. S. troops, planes, battleships and money from 
South East Asia, and an end of U. S. support of the Thieu dictatorship. 

The opening day of the Republican Convention will be a day of 
Women' protest. 

In the morning of Mond ay , August 21, several women's guerrilla theatre 
actions will confront the Republicans at their hotels. On Monday, workshops 
on Lesbianism and Women and the Law will be held. 

At 4 PM Monday afternoon, women will join together in a militant 
march from our tent in Flamingo Park to the Convention site. During the 
march we will carry symbols of the oppression of women, and we will build 
a sculpture of those symbols when we arrive at the Convention Hall. 

Among those who will participate in WOMEN IN REVOLT will be: Jane 
Fonda, Diane di Prima (a women's poet), Barbara Dane ( af olksi nger ) , Mary 
Ann Scoblick (a former nun and one of the Harrisburg Defendants), Rita Mae 
Brown (poet and writer for the Furies, a radical feminist- lesbi an monthly), 
Tran Thanh Tuyet (a woman from South Viet Nam), Rachel Stone (an 82 
year-old woman from the Miami community) and Ericka Huggins (poet and 
member of the Black Panther Party). 

During the Tuesday »nd Wednesday demonstrations, women's affinity 
groups will participate in mobile non-violent civil disobedience, and sit-in 

MONDAY, AUGUST 21, 1972 
Goerge Jackson Memorial Event 

TIME: 8:00 PM . 

PLACE: In front of Convention Hall, 

"After the killing is done, the ruling class goes on about 
the business of making the profits as usual." 
-George Jackson 

August 21, 1972 the night the Republicans open their convention to 
renominate Richard Nixon, also marks the first anniversary of the assasina- 
tion of Brother George Jackson. At 8 PM that night, thousands of people 
will rally outside Convention Hall to tell our unacceptance with the police 
state terror of today. 

The people speaking at the rally will include John Thome, George 
Jackson's friend and lawyer; spokespeople from the Republic of New Africa 
and the Malcolm X United Liberation Front; William Kuntsler, defending 
attorney for H. Rap Brown, the Harlem Four and the Tombs Seven; the law- 
yer for Billy Dean Smith, a black active-duty GI accused of killing his 
superior officer; and a brother who survived Rockefeller's massacre at Attica. 



Street Without Joy - - March Againit Murder 

TIME AND PLACE: Eden Roc and Fountainbleau Hotel: 

Gauntlet of Shame - 

Proceition to ConvcDtion Hall: 7:30 - 8 PM 
March Againtt Murder - 

Wathiogton Avenue side of Convention Hall: 8:30 

7:30 PM 

10 PM 


The Street Without ^Joy, followed by the March and Rally Againit Mur- 
der, give* ut our often misted opportunity to visually and verbally present 
our anti- imperialist and anti-war politics. As Dan Berrigan wrote in his 
letter of invitation to this day, "We will show them for their crimes.. To 
make tlie Street Without Joy a GAUNTLET OF SHAME". 





WEDNESbAY,. AUGUST 23, 1972 ..; '." '' 

Day 'of Uhacceptance 

TIME: 'Delegation Arrives at Doral Hotel: 11 AM ... l^' 

■Rally at Flamingo Park: 4:30 PM ' 
' March Encircles Convention: S- 6 PM 
'Rally and Dike Building': 6:30 PM 
'Civil Dlso'bedlence (Approx. ): 6 PM , ' " ' 

End of Convention Session 

Angn«t 23,' Diiy of Uaacceptance ' ' 

On the morning of the 23rd of August, a delegation headed by local 
senior citixens will arrive at the Doral Hotel, Headquarters for Nixon and 
the Republican National Committee. The delegation will present th'e find- 
ing of their panel investigation into the crimes of the Nixon administration. 
Central to thier demands will be a GOP acceptance of the Seven-point peace 
proposal initiated by the Provisional Revolutionary Government of the Re- 
public of Viet Nam and of the Poor People^s Platform, put forward by the 
National Welfare Rights Organization. A Republican failure to respond 
positively to these two basie demand* will signal the beglnslDg of our re- 
sponse on the third day of tlie Repoblicsn CooTeDtloBi A Day of Unaccep- 

Our response will be disciplined, angry, and nonviolent. We will use 
three tactics: 

1). Dlke-building In front of the Convention Hall. 

2). Stationary Civil Disobedience; and 

3). Mobile Civil Disobedience to encircle the Convention Hall. We 
hope' to ' be able to maintain an angry presence around the convention com- 
plex while the delegates are inside. 

All participating organizations feel that mast arrests will help convey 
our message to ' the "'American people. With large numbers of arrests of non- 
violent people who surround the Convention Hall, our message of anger and 
znilitance will become clear. 

* * * • 



(See Map Page G-132) 

The object of stationary civil disobedience will be to encircle the Con- 
vention Hall o^ Meridian Avenue and 17th Street. This will be accomplished 
by getting people as near to the access roads and gates on these two roads 
and sitting down and allowing themselves to be arrested (a process which is 
definitely obstructive and time consuming). 

It is anticipated that people may encounter police lines which will 
pre Ven- them- from dire ct ly si tt ihg down on Meridian or 17th Avenues. In 
that event, people should move to those points where the police lines end 
and place themselves in front of those police Irnes and attempt to deny access 
to the Convention • Hall. The mobility needed iji order to help people situate 
themselves in- strategic locations should not be confused with the mobile civil 
disobedience that will be used above Dade Blvd. The people undertaking sit- 
ins on Meridian and 17th Avenues will allow themselves to be arrested or re- 
moved by police, thus obstructing those key acces and gate entrances. 


People who engage in mobile civil disobedience complement the efforts 
of those engaged in the sit-down. Whiel the sit-downs will be aimed at the 
Streets West and South of the Convention Hall, mobile civil disobedience will 
occur only North and North East of the Convention. 

The tactical . obj ective of mobile civil disobedience is to flood the north- 
ern approaches to the Convention Hall. To make this happen, there are fouur 
general areas-.we will operate in and a key intersection in each area. Please 
refer to the map for each area: 

AREA 4: 21st St. to Dade Blvd. , lopking north and south respectively. 
From east to west, from Bay Rd. to No. Michigan,; Key intersection: Dade 
and Alton Roads. 

AREA S: W.' 23rd Street to Dade and from North Meridian to Pnairie 
Drive. Key Intersection: ' North Meridian and Dade Blvd. 

AREA 6: West 24th Street to 22nd Street and from Pine Tree Drive to 
Flamingo. Key Intersection: '^3rd Street and Dade Blvd. 

AREA 7: 29tb. Stre e t to'' 24 th Street and from Indian Creek Drive to 
Co-llins Avenue. Key Intersection: 26th Street and Indian Creek Drive and 
Collins Avenue. . 

The basic idea' is'to flood each of the four areas with hundreds of 
people and by our very presence to disrupt the flow of delegate buses and 
vehicles. Of course, .we wi'ir'be moving around in the' area but delegate 
traffic should not be allowed to pass through the key intersections. As a 
last resort, we recommend that people sit down and not move to prevent 
buses from making it through any of the key intersections. 

If our efforts in mobile civil disobedience are frustrated in one way or 
another, affinity groups should fall back to the area immediately around the 
Coiivention Hall and either Join in the stationary sit-ins or the dike - bui Id i ng. 
Clusters of affinity groups organized into larger regional groups will be as- 
signed to each of the four areas during the days of August 20 and 21. 



:., (' 



By the time this manual is completed, Flamingo Park should be a liv- 
ing, breathing community of revolutionary people. It is of the utmost im- 
portance that we gather together dedicated to confront the real enemy 
Richard Nixon, and his gang of Republican accomplices. Although the temp- 
tation to draw differences among us and engage in petty squabbles is easy, 
we must resist and put aside those divisions that seperate us. 

If we are truly revolutionary people, we must show our eagerness to be 
united and strong. It is only in our strength and our struggle that we will 
be able to beat the pig system. It is only when we are divided and frag- 
mented that we will be defeated. To quote the famous Indian Chief Miami 
Turtle, "If we fight as single fingers, we will be easily divided and killed; 
but if we form into a clenched fist, no enemy will be able to defeat us". 

The land has been divided to provide the most space for camping and 
services. As you walk in the Meridian entrance there will be people at the 
gate to answer any questions and give out logistical material. To the left 
of the entrance is the office tent. There will be a table from every con- 
stituency group and service located there. To the right of the entrance is 
Expose '72. Within Expose will be an extensive multi-media exhibition of 
Asian, Latin and Nrrth American life under American rule. Also located in 
that area will be the major sound system. The chalked lane called Ho Chi 
Minh Trail will be lined by the information tents of Unicorn News and UPI, 
and the medical tent staffed by the acid rescue people; at the end of the 
trail will be the food facilities of the Coconut Co-op, and the major medical 
tent. The Ho Chi Menh Trail will be the lifeline of this campsite, and we 
ask you to use the trait and not to walk through the peoples' living areas. 

There are few rules on the campsite and we ask you to honor them for 
the sake of everybody on the land. There will be no cars allowed on the 
campsite; if you must make a delivery, you can drive down the trail until 
you arrive at the closest possible point to your site. Please, please, unload 
quickly and leave so as to avoid hassling your neighbors. For those with 
campers and buses, there will be a special parking lot just adjacent to the 
campsite. We will not tolerate any death drugs on the land. We will ask 
anyone pushing death drugs to leave and not to return until they pledge to 
stop. The security people are here to help. 

The swimming is free and open 20 hours a day, but it represents a 
special problem. The pool, during the Democratic Convention, had to be 
drained because the filter system broke down. To insure that this won't 
happen again, we are asking people to take showers before swimming, and 
that people not go to the bathroom while in the pool (that really fucks up 
the filter system). The county has said that if there is wide-spread nude 
swimming, the pool will have to be drained. Please help us keep the pool 
open - - it's hot out there folks. 

We hope to have a land program every day. As part of the program, 
speakers such as Jane Fonda and Bobby Seale will be on the land. The 
land program will also include a wide range of political and skill workshops. 



During the demonstrations at the Democratic Convention in Miami, it 
became apparent that there is a need for people to learn how to survive at 
demonstrations in general, and in Miami in particular. 

Added to the general problems of, what to wear at a demonstration, how 
to protect against riot-control weapons, how to communicate necessary infor- 
mation to the medics and how to remember the lawyer's phone number were the 
incredible heat and the strong sun of Miami. 

Survival is everyone's business; it can't all be left to the medics. Some 
information in this article may sound like what your mother has been trying to 
cram down your throat for years. It takes on new importance if you realize 
that even a sunburn can keep you from being effective. What is worse, it can 
make you a burden on others and put a lot of people out of action. 

You should wear the same things to a demo in Miami as to any other 
demo, that it: two shirts, the outer one with long sleeves. The long sleeves 
will serve as protection against gas and mace as well as the sun. They will 
serve to protect you against getting too' cut up by clubs. The purpose of -t-wo 
shirts is that if you are gassed, the outer shirt will be contaminated and must 
be removed. For the same reasons long pants are necessary. You should wear 
boots, shoes, or sneakers with sox. It is hard and dangerous to run in san- 
dals, thongs, or clogs and you will need to protect your feet from being 

You should NOT wear contact lenses if there is any danger of being 
gassed or maced. The lenses can trap gas on the eye causing eye burns or 
even blindness. People with pierced ears should' not wear earrings which can 
be pulled resulting in painful ear injuries. People should not wear chains, 
which can be used to choke you.i, The best protection against riot control 
weapons is to avoid riots. This may not be possible if the pigs insist on 
committing violent acts. In this event you should wear a helmet any time 
the pigs are armed with clubs. Choice of helmet will depend on taste and 
money, but cheap helmet liners can crack under direct blows and are unsafe. 
Any helmet should be equipped with either an "anti-choke" strap or be 
fastened with two light paper clips which will serve the purpose of releasing 
if the helmet is grabbed from behind, thereby preventing strangulation. The 
helmet should also fit over the gas mask if you are planning to use one. 

The best protection against gas and mace is to have your skin covered 
with clothing and to wear a good gas mask. If you are getting a mask, be 
sure that the cannister is unused and is dated after 1957. Cannisters before 
that date are ineffective against C,S , which is the most common agent now 
in use. Also be sure that you know how to clear, fit, and put on the mask. 
You should NEVER use vaseline or. oil, or make-up with an oil base if there 
is danger of gas or mace. The grease or oil will dissolve the gas/mace 
trapping it on the skin and causing severe burns. First aid for gas or mace 
injuries is in the outline below. 

Anyone who is taking any medication regularly such as insulin, anti- 
epilepsy drugs, antibiotics or anti-alergy drugs should write that information 
on his or ber arm in magic marker. People who are allergic to anything 
should write that on an arm. You should also write needed phone numbers, 


such as the lawyer's phone number and the number of a friend in Miami. 
It is easy to forget a phone number in the stress of an arrest or injury. 
The reason for writing on an arm is that arm is less likely to be lost than 
a shirt or slip of paper. 

To prevent heatstroke and sunstroke you will need to increase your in- 
take of liquids. Fruit juices or Gatorade, which was made for quick absorp- 
tion by the body. If there is no medical reason for you to avoid salt, you 
should take salt tablets four times a day. Many people drink wine or beer 
to quench thirst, but in the heat any alcoholic drink will serve to draw 
liquids out of your body (you- piss a lot). In this way, if you are drinking 
alcohol in the sun, you are even more likely to keel over. 

As far as dope went, we saw no smack, but Miami is famous as a 
downer city, and there were a lot of those. We saw reds (Seconal), Yellow- 
jackets (Nembutal), and many Quaaludes. There were several problems other 
than that - - as a group - - downer freaks don't get much done. 

Alcohol is also a down, and they can combine with any other tx> cause 
an OD. 

The acid in the city was free of poisonous impurities, but a lot of it 
is either very strong or speedy. You should be careful of acid here though, 
as it is easy to bum out if you don't drink enough or are near heatstroke. 

People who are going to Miami in August should remember that this 
is no place for pets - - many were injured in July. 

Everyone should be familiar with the basic first aid outlined below, as 
not all doctors and medics in Miami know anything and the knowledge can 
protect you and your friends. 


A. There are t wo basic chemicals of tear gas, CN and CS. These can 
,be dispersed in different ways: From fog machines, grenades or cannisters, 


B. MACE is CS in concentrated aerosol form. 

C. The difference in action is that CN is a "weak" gas and effects 
the eyes and throat. There is tearing and choking. 

D. CS is stronger and e f f e ct s^ e yes, breathing tubes, and skin. 
£. The first aid for both is the same: 

1. If the victim is wearing contact lenses, remove them immed- 

2. Flush eyes and skin with lots of water. 

3. Flush eyes with boric acid solution and/or eye drops. 

4. Wash all effected with mineral oil, followed immediately 
with alcohol. 

5. Do not leave mineral oil on the skin as severe burns will 

6. Reassure the victim before you start treatment as to the fact 
that the water will hurt and sting the skin but this disappears in a few 
minutes. '■ ^ -' ' • ' - ^ . ; ;. 


F. The best protection for an imminent gas attack it a gas mask but you 
can use wet gauze over your mouth for a minute or two. You should have at 
much skin at possible covered by clothing (including sox and sheet). 

G. Remember to grab hold of another person at thit increatet balance 
and decreases panic. Walk, do not run, out of gas. 


Wliile the prime political purpose in coming to the GOP Convention is 
not necessarily to get arretted, the possibility of mats arrest does exist. 
The government has spent much time and effort in bringing people from across 
the country to Miami to help the Dade County officials develop a response to 
the actions of demonstrators. The plan that has been developed is one that 
hat been experimented with In several mass arrest situations in Washington, 
D. C. , in the last year. 

If the police decide to make mass arrests, a warning is usually given 
over a loud speaker or bullhorn. People should not take the warning lightly 
if they feel there may be a warrant out for them or if they are out on bond, 
et cetera. After the warning and the "grace period" is over, the police 
buses will come into the area with special police squads to perform the 
arrests. The police who are on the streets or surrounding the demonstration 
will not leave their assigned posts unless something unusual occurs. The 
police who arrive on the arrest buses will take people one by one, photo- 
graph them on the scene with their "arresting Officer", fill out a field arrest 
form with basic information (name, age, sex, address, etc. ), and place them 
on the bus to be transported to the detention facility. 

Women (up to 500) will be taken to the City of Miami jail, 1145 N'W' 
11th Street, in Miami. The first 2,500 men will be taken to the Dade 
County Stockade, 6950 N. W. 41st Street, Miami. The overflow will be sent 
to the Youth Fair Building, 10901 S.W. 24th Street, Miami (can hold between 
1,000 and 1,500 people). When the Youth Fair Building is full, any other 
arrested people will be taken to piilitary staging areas in Miami. Nobody 
will be jailed in Miami Beach, everyone will be taken to Miami. The 
police will use county statutes to arrest people in order to justify the use 
of facilities in Miami, an^ also to keep people away from the solidarity of 
their comrades who will still be in the street. 

The criminal court dockets for all the courts in Miami have been cleared 
for the week of the convention. The courts will operate on a 24 hour per 
day basis during a mass arrest situation. 

When you are taken before the judge, the following things will happen: 

A. You will be advised of your rights. 

B. You will be assigned an attorney if you do not have one and 
cannot "afford" to hire one. 


C. A bond will be set, or in the case of Dade County residents, 
personal re cog'ni lance may be granted. 

D. If you do not have money for bail, you will be returaed to the 
detention facility until trial. 

As you can «ee , the government has developed' a basic machine to 
grind out Amerikkan justice. Whether you cooperate or not is entirely 
your decision, and not the legal people's. 

... . . BAIL 

It is not anticipated that the political organizations staging this 
action will be able to provide bail -in a. mass arrest situation. V/e urge 
people who feel that they may be arrested at sometime during their stay 
in Miami to make prior arrangements for bail money. County offoicials 
have informed us that in misdemeanor cases, money will not be taken from 
prisoners before the bail hearing is heald. This is beiug done so that, if, 
at the time of the bail hearing, you have enough money on you to post 
bail, you may bail yourself out of jail. In the event that you do not have 
enough money when you appear at the bail hearing, you will be returned to 
jail, and your money, as well well as any other possessions not previously 
taken from you, will be removed and held until you are released. It 
is not possible to predict what the bail for the mass arrest charges will be. 
It would be good to carry between $10 and $25 with you. We discourage 
people from carrying larger amounts, as this may be an temptation for 
rip-offs by unscrupulous officials. 

Bail forms will be available at the administrative tent on the land, 
or from your regional organizer. We urge everyone to get one of these 
forms, fill it out and return it to the administrative tent or your regional 
organizer. The information contained will be extremely useful in con- 
tacting family, friends, or others for bail money, if you are unable to 
bail yourself out. 

Although it is not known how long pwople will remain in jail following 
their arrest, you should be prepared two spend at least 24 hours, and in un- 
favorable circumstances, it would be wise to anticipate spending as long as 
two or three days as a guest of the state. 

Solidarity in confinement is crucial. There is strength in unit, and 
a unified group of people in jail can do much to turn a potentially un- 
comfortable experience into a good collective experience. Stick with 
your sisters and brothers. 

Some of us who will be arrested will be classified as juveniles by the 
State. A juvenile under Florida law is 17 years old or under. juveniles 
arrested will be "counseled" by a Dade County Juvenile Authority worker 
and provisions will be made to send the person home. Brothers and Sisters 
under 17 may want to consider this before being arrested. 



The legal office, The Miami Convention Legal Collective, staffed 
by moveinent lawyers and legal workers will be located at 1951 Park Avenue 
Apartments 9 and 10. The telephone number is (305) 538-0305. This 
office will answer questions, provide legal assistance and coordinate what- 
ever bail money is available. 


Basically, possession of any type of drug without a prescription is 
illegal. Possession of 5 grams or less or marijuana is considered a mis- 
demeanor and the case will be heard in a Municipal or Metropolitan Court. 

Possession of anything more than 5 grams is considered a felony, and 
the case will go to Criminal Court. Sale of any drug is a felony. Drug 
felonies carry a maximum 5 year sentence. 


Under Miami Beach laws, " ski nny- di ppi ng" is illegal. It is also 
illegal to change clothes in public, or wear bathing suits on the street. 
Recently, a court action overturned local laws that made the wearing of 
women's clothing by men an ellegal act. 


The Stop and Frist Law in Florida has been made stronger by a recent 
Supreme Court ruling that the police may search a suspect on the basis of 
information supplied by an informer, and is not restricted to acting only 
on his own observations. This, of course, refers to the stopping and 
frisking of suspects on the streets for dangerous weapons. 

The law of Florida is that whenever a cop encounters a person under 
circumstances which reasonably indicate that a person has committed, is 
committing, or is about to commit a crime, he may temporarily detain 
the person for the purpose of ascertaining the suspect's identity and cir- 
cumstances surrounding her or his presence. This is the "stop" section of 
the law. 

The "frisk" section of the law is that whenever the cop authorized 
to temporarily detain a person has probably cause to believe that the 
person is armed with a deadly weapon. 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 21 


Desr Sisters and Brothers, 

Greetings from the New York Attica Brigade! 

\Ve are a]] )jc;-e in Miami to }.e!p forge an alttrnative to tJic jxrlitics of V.'ar, Rscism and Re- 
fr<;rTion - the rotten frvits cf imperialism. 

The AHica Brigade is here as an anti-impcrjalist, sUident based organization united arotrrxJ 
three principles - 

- that the 7 Point Peace plan of the National IJbcration Front/ Provisional Revolutionary Govern- 
ment of South Vietnam should be ccnrcantiy put forth as the only way to bring a settlement to the war 
in Vietnam. 

- tliat the struggles of oppressed peoples at home and abicad roust be linked togetlier in the fight 
against U. S. imperialism, and 

- that the only way to can-y out these two principles is always to keep our politics up front in 
any tactical decisior^s we make. 

We want to talk with people about the 7 Point Peace Plan and about imperialisin - to explain 
that the war in Vietnam is not a mistake, tliat Richard Nixon and bis administration are not "insane" 
blunderer?, but people and policies representing a desperate attempt to keep down people who dare to 
fight back against imperialsm - and who are winning thjat fight '. 

After years of struggles - from the beginnings of the Civil Rights movement to struggles on 
campuses and building an antiwar rriovemcnt - we have learned that v.-e must keep our politics - 
anti-imperialist politics - visible whenever possible. 

In order to do this, we believe we must have at least one demonstration that clearly supports 
the 7 Point Peace Plan, aUacks the bombing of the dikes, attacks and exposes the policies of the Nixon 
administration as policies representing a ruling class and corporations which thrive on exploitation and 
misery of working and poor people everywhere, and which supports the struggles of all people against 
U. S, imperialism. 

We invite you to join us in planning this action, which will be 
Tuesday evening. 

We will hold a meeting to discurs more about it SUNTIAY AFTERNOON in FLAKJNGO PAPvK at 
the N^W YORK REGIONAL AREA - look for 'os there. 



fi::.']'- 5''. //', ■ : ■ - -■ ,'-'■-'' 


Here is a suimnary of the two main points: 

1. The "J. S. must set a. terminal date for withdrawal from South Vietnam of all U. S. forces. The 
Vietnamese guarantee safety of withdrawal operations. Both sides to release all captured military 
personnel and civilians. 

2. The U. S. must stop all aid to the Thieu regime. The new government in Saigon will set up a broad 
3-part Government of National Concord to bold and organize General Elections, with continued ceasefire, 
no reprisals, civil libertiet ensured, all political prisoners freed and dissolution of all concentration camps. 



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On Aug'jsl 20-23 ^n Miami Beach. Rich.srd Ni>on and 
hu tcliow consDiialors come to icwn for Ihe fcpjb- 
l.can Convention. ' Thojsinds of people from all over 
the country will be there in the streets to greet them 
ir^ to shew the American people lli2t » vote fo: Nixon 
h I vote for murder. Throughout hii admirusiraiion. 
Kixon sought to project an Image that he was pacifying 
the war in Vietnam and the population at home. More 
often than not. the American people have let them- 
selves be lulled by these lies. Now is clear 
that Nixon only intended to cover up th« war tathej 
th»n wind it down, and that there can he no peace 

at home until tr.e war is cvet. 
fullscaie offensive against Ni 

hould launch , 

For informalion, posters, or lilerature, contact: 

The Miami Conventions Coalition 

1718 Alton Road. Miami Beach. Florida 33139 

Telephone: 30S/672-0I22 

Youth International Party 
1674 Meridian Avenue. Miami Beach. FlosSda 33139 
Telephone: 305/53 1-S895 


Mst 20-23Q, 




Miami Beach, Floridi 33139 

(305) 531 - &S9 5 


Anti-Kar activities for the Republican Convention officially began Wednesday, August 9, when a gross 
amount of Yippies in an assortment of cars, trucks, vans, unicycles and roller sketes drove from Flamingo 
Park to Nixon's Florida White House at Key Biscayne to present the President with a Fccple's Sumi:;)on to 
appear in the Streets, August 20-23 to stand trial for his crimes against humjnity. Fittingly enough, it 
was the 27th anniversary of the bombing of Nagasaki. The President, who was at a secret peace meeting 
with John Wayne, Ara Parseghian, William Calley and Billy Graham, was unable to attend. But daughter 
Tricia, looking as wholesome as a Hostess Twinkie, in her pink floral cotton dress and pa'ent leather 
pumps, was on hand. 

"I'm so proud to accept this token of depreciation for my father, who^the President. 
A.s you all know, Taddy wants more than anything to provide police not only for this 
generation, but for all generations. " 

After a darling curtsy, the little princess disappeared in a cloud of soap bubbles, .^fter a brief time-out 
for these members of the People's Jury, who felt the r}ecessii:>' to puke, a people's hearing was held and 
evidence, in the form of guerilla theatre, was presented to show the need for the trial. 
The jury sat horrified as the Mad Bomber released signs of Nixon's manhood over the face of Metnam; 
they watched as Jack the Quack performed his butcher act on a pregnant woman who was unable to afford 
a legal abortion; they squirmed in their seats as a victim of CIA heroin shot up for the last time before 
dying of an overdose. When an Indian, a prisoner at Attica and a student at Kent State-Jackson State 
pleaded for justice . . . for equality . . for no more that the basic rights of humanity - - and were then 
shot down in cold blood - - the people of the Jury were no longer able to hold back their tears. The evi- 
dence was so overwhelming that a poloceman and a soldier freaked out and begged for forgiveness. But 
the pigs guarding Nixon's gate remained macho to the end, tnre representatives of the Amerikan way. 
Coun5el for the defense, meanwhile - - tie loose, pits sweating, hair tousled - - sank deeper into his 
chair and cried. 

The trial will take place in the Streets of Miami Beach, August 20-23. Only we, the People can judge 
the crimes against us that were concmitted in our name. Come to Miami Beach and take part in the 
Nuremburg Trials of the 1970's. 



Exhibit No. 258 

FLORIDA 33139 
•■|' IIUSLASD U. S. A. " 


October 24, 1973 

Mr. Robert Silverstein 
Assistant Minority Co'jnsel 
United States Senate 
Select Com.Tiittee on Presidential 

Campaign Activities 
Washington, D. C. 20510 

Dear Mr. Silverstein: 

I certify that the attached is a copy of the original "Chronological 
Log of Events" of the 1972 convention week, (19 August - 24 August 1972) 
Republican National Convention, which was included as Item #18 of the 
After Action Report, and that the information contained therein v.-es 
obtained from the official records of the Miami Beach Police Depar-tment, 
and that they accurately reflect the activities contained in said 


Chief of Police 
City of Miami Beach 
120 Meridian Avenue 
Miami Beach, Florida 




October 24, 1973 
hJOTAEY (U3IIC si*iE Of FioJO* ^^ lifGt 

Ml COMMlSiON flPiPlS "AS W. 1977 





Item § 18 


Saturday, 19 August, 1972 

This morning, the niami Beach. Police Department bi;Gan operating on c full 
Convention schedule. Although the Republican National Convention v.-c-3 not 
scheduled to convene until ".onday, August 21, 1972. Because intell-.cence 
had indicated the potential of pre-convention dissident groups activities and 
several operational changes had been instituted since the conclusior. ov the 
Democratic "National Convention six weeks earlier, it was felt that cssuning" 
a convention posture two days early would give personnel, a chance to v;ork 
any "bugs" out of the new procedures. At 11 A. M. , Kiami Beach personnel 
assigned to convention duties took their positions and Com.Tiand Post "Beta" 
beca.r^ operational. 

Scout teams, which were so effective during the Democratic Convention, were 
to be employed again end in inuch greater nuir^bers. Instead of having 15 scouts 
working only during on-session hours, 43 scouts would be working on-session and 
10 would be assigned to offrsession hours. A scout briefing session was held 
at 10 A. H. in the 100 Meridian Avenue Building. At 12 Koon.'the scout radio 
frequency became operational and at 1:40 P. M. , the scouts began their duties. 

At n A. K. , Gate IIX was opc-ned and all others were locked. 

At 4 P. M. , the detectives assigned to caT.psite liaison reported that there 
were approximately 12C0 non-delegates presently in the park. They advised 
that the groups were quiet today end no demonstrations were planned until 
ton.orrow. Today was being used for planning and organizing. 

Seven non-delegates were seen checking the fence and the locations of the 
officers in the area of Gate IX at 4:05 P. M. 

At 5:30 P. H. , nic:ni Beach platoon #1 was sent to take up positions at the 
Fontainebleau and Doral Beach Hotels because of the possibility of demor.strotioris 
there this evening. Both hotels were quiet, however, and Kiami Beach platoon -Jl 
returned to the Corriplex at 3:33 P. M. 

A group of about 20 non-delegates gathered at 17 Street and Washington Avenue 
at 3:10 P. M. They sat on the grass and talked until 9 P. M. ; then half the 
group i;alked south on Washington Avenue and the other half walked west on 
17' Street. Ko problems occurred. 

At 10:26 P. M. , Game and Fresh Water Fish personnel, responsible for off-session 
security, arrived to relieve Miami Beach personnel on the gates. When all 
personnel had been relieved, Kiami Beach platoon #1 and all other cn-session 
personnel secured for the night. • . 


Sunda y. 20 Aug ust, 1972 

At 7 A. M., Florida Game and Fresh V.'ater Fish Division persor.nel were still 
in position around the Complex perimeter, maintaining Convention Co'.'.plex 
becurity. Gates 3X and IIX were open and all others were locked. 

At 7:25 A. M. , officers of the Game and Fresh V.'ater Fish Coifffiission apprehended 
a man .■•.."ter he was seen jumping the perimeter fence near Gate 3X. Investigation 
revealed that the man was employed within the Coniplex as a day laborer and was 
taking e short cut. He promised to discontinue the practice and v;as released. 

At 3:26 A. M. , a group began to gather at 14th Street and K'ashingtoa Avenue for a 
inarch to the Convention Complex. Numbering 25 at this time, several hundred 
v;ere expected. 

At 9:35 A. M. , 12 demonstrators showed up in front of the Carillon Hotel at 6801 
Collins Avenue. Carying signs with anti-war slocins, the gro'up marched peacefully 
Ij.Tck jnd forth in front of the hotel. 

Sliortly oefore 10 A. M. , marchers began to gather at 18th Street and V/ashington 
Avenuo. They were members of a' Cuban group known as the 2506 Brigade who had 
planned an "I Love America" parade-. By 10:15 A. M. , between 150 end 200 people 
had gatnered and y.'ere listening to speeches andv/aving banners and flags. Tney 
disbanded at 11 A. M. without incident. 

A flat-bed truck arrived at 14th Street and Washington Avenue. A teen-age 
band Qothered on. the truck and played music for the approximately 125 people 
assemr-ied there. At 10:30 A. jM., the group got into 10 cars and slowly followed 
the flc.-bed truck north on V/ashihgton Avenue toward the Complex. The group 
disbanded at 11 A. M. shortly' after reaching the Complex. 

At l'.:';5 A, M. , the first of the Florida Highway Patrol platoons reported in 
position. They were platoons 19 and 20 and were staged'in the Gardin. Cent_er 
jMdjUu'AMm^ . At 11 A. M., the other FH? (Florida Highway Patrol) platoons 
were in their staging areas: Platoons 21, 22 and 23 at St..i'.dtr.ickls_Cbu,rch , 
3700 Meridian Avenue; and platoons 24,25 and 26 in the Veterans qf_Foj:eign_Wa_rs 
Club House, 650.. West. Avenue. ' ' 

At' 10:54 A. H. , the Mobile Comimand Post reported that it was in position 
in f.-ont of the Convention Hall and was functional. 

At 10:55 A_ M. , Public Safety Department platoons 2, 3, 4 and 5 arrived at their 
staging area iDS_ide_±he_Liiami_aaac±L_&uditfirijiE, and at 11:06 A. K. , Kiami Beach" 
platoon i?l reported that it was in its staging area within the auditorium. P.S.D. 
platoons 10 and 11 were staged inside_y)e_^ontajjie.bJ_e_au_iiQj:eJ . Platoon 11 was 
scheduled to work a 12-hour day shfft and platoon 10 would relieve them and work 
a 12-hour night shift. However, both platoons were now inside the --lOtel. 

At 11 A. M., personnel of the Gair.e and Fresh Water Fish C&:rL,iission •..•ere relieved ^ 
~at tlieir positions on the Convention Complex gates by riiami Beach personrie.l--f^r'.d 
returned to their quarters. ^'^ 


At 1 P. M. ,^i pic-.toon 18 moved into the Co.iiplex and v/as stayedin the 
audiloHum. Tins platoon had been staged in Kiia'.ni during the Dc;,t.o< ratic IJationalN 
"Convention, but would be staged in riiami Beach for the Republican I.'ational /^ 

Convention. At 1:^5 P. M. , Miaini platoons 12, 13 and 14 arrived en the Co.iiplex 
and i-.-c-re also staged in .the .audi^toniunu Kid.iii platoons 15, 16 and 17 v.ere . 
staged in the Kiami P olice Benevolent Ha ll in the___.City of niami in case of trouble 
on that side of the bay. 

At 1:25 P. K. , an ari'est was iTiade outside Flamingo Park. A young man v;ho had Iter. 

causing trouble was evicJ;ed_,fVw^n_tJ^i^.LliJ■>~by-a.^^^ 

Against the '.-.'ar {V.V?a.W.). Once outside the park, he attempted td force his ■ 

way tack in several tinies and the police were called. After he v.'as taken away, . j -''" 

the V.V.A.W. destroyed his cache of weapons reportedly consisting of two fused / / 

K.olotov cocktails, three "wrist rocket" sling shots, two lead weighted arrows, I '. 

200 marbles end^tiO sharpened bolts. , I 

At 2:15 P. M., P.S.D. platoons 6,7,8 and 9 arrived at the Co;Mplex and were 
-also staged in the auditorium. 

At 2:20 P. M. , a group of about 300 non-delegates, reportedly Zippies, left 
rlannr.go Park and narched north on I-'eridian Avenue toward the Convention Coinplez. 
Another group of 50 to 100 left the campsite a few minutes later and caught up 
with the first group. All police units within the Complex were notified end, 
at the request of the Kiami Beach Tactical Com.-ander (S05), men were moved out 
of their staging areas to positions behind the perirr.eter fence: Siami units 
fro.Ti Gates IX up to Gate 9X; P.S.D. units fro.ii Gates 9X to 12X and north to 
the canal, and "liami Beach platoon § 1 along the north perimeter. Gate 3X was clcr 
leaving only Gate IIX open. 

As the marchers approached the Complex on Meridian Avenue, they were diverted 
onto i7th Street by Miami Beach officers in the street and sent tc.vard the 
deiiKir.s tration area in front of the Cor.vention Complex. They arrived at the 
South Demonstration area at 2:40 P. K. and started their planned activities by 
burning the A.T.erican Flag. Several of the Zippies urinated oh the flag while it 
lay in the street. They concluded their activities at 3:25 P. M. and marched 
south on V.'ashington Avenue bacl^ to Flamingo Park. At 3:53 P. H. , those police uniL: 
sent to the perimeter were returned to their staging areas, and Gate H 3X was 

At 3:07 P. M., it was reported .that 50 V.V.A.W. members were demo.TS trating in 
front of the Dora! Beach Hotel, 4833 Collins Avenue; and several F.H.P. observers 
were sent from St. Patrick's Church. The V.V.A.W. members were apparently waiting 
for a group of V.V.A.W. who had been r.arching south from Jacksonville, Florida, 
to attend the convention. Their progress had received a. lot of media coverage 
and the group was now reported marching south on Collins Avenue after having 
crossed the 79th Street Causeway. 

At 3:35 P. M. , about 20 members of the National Socialist V.'hite Peor^les Party, 
(vor.r.erly the A-nerican Kazi Party), entered the campsite and attempted to take 
over the stage. They weTe^Turceably evicted fro.T/ the park by V.V.A.W. members 
v/ho injured several to the degree that they needed medical treatn.i-nt. The Nazis 
-vowed to return to the park later that night with 150 storm troopers. At this 
tim2 nightsticks were passed out by V.V.A.W. to S.D.S. ir,er,:bers ; and guards^w^-re 
posted throLjho'Jt Flarainoo Park. 


Sunday, Z:-- ---&^st, 1972 (c ontjx^iJ£dX 

The V.V.A.W. who ware waiting for thG group rr.orct'ing from Jacksonville had gone 
to the rwnicipal beach flt/,6th Street; and were, at 4:21 P. M. involved 
in a disturbance with sonie Cubans who resented t'f.e manner in which the veterans 
were displaying .the A.ierican flag. The two grou;;s were separated by police, 
and after a while the Cuban group disbanded. The V.V.A.W. remainea in the area 
waiting for their co;r;raries. At 5:30 P. M. , they started inarching back to 
Flcminco Park. 

Between 6:00 P. H. and 6:10 P. M., three different groups totaling about 600 
nori-delegates left Flafningo Park, all reportedly bound for the Fontainebleau Hotel, 
4441 Collins Avenue, to demonstrate against a $500 per plate Republican Dinner 
taking place inside the hotel. Florida Highway Patrol platoons 21, 22 end 23 
were asked by 905 to go to the Fontainebleau Hotel and F.H.P. platoons 24, 
25 and 26 ware sent to the. ''5th Street Municipal Lot to stand-by. 

As the r.on-delegates approached' the Complex, two squads from Miami platoons 12 
and 13 v.-sre stationed inside the 17th Street side of the perimeter on Washington 
Avenue and P.S.D. platoons 6,7,8 and 9 were positioned along 17th Street, behind 
the fence. The non-delegates marched past the Complex and continued north toward i'r. 
Fonta"inebleau Hotel; and at 7 P. M. , the units along the fence were secured 
and returned to their staging area. 

p At 6:54 P. M., the first group of about 300 demonstrators reached <lst Street and v 
Collins Avenue. Moving to the front of t'ne Fontainebleau Hotel, they began to ■";^ 
block traffic and JTarass__delen5tes trying to enter the hotel. They completely 
blocked northbound larres on Co'lllns Avenue, pelted the delegate_s_w'i_tn_ecgs , and 
were forming human fences across the hotel's eiifrances reTLncting pedestrian 
and vehicular movements. 905 ordered that traffic on Collins Avenue be detoured 
i:z 63 Street and 41 Street; and at 7:45 P. M. requested that F.H.P. troopers 
clear the front of tiie hotel. The troopers snoved the Qe:;ions tratoi^s across Collir.s 
Avenue to the west side of tlie street. 905 i-equested tiiat F.H.P. platoons 
19 and 20 be sent from the Complex to the Front of the Fontainebleau Hotel where 
they v;ere to assist in containing the demonstrators and making arrests. Two 
prisoner vans were also requested, and P.S.D. platoons 6 and 7 were sent to assist. 

At -8 ?. iM. , some of the demonstrators started walking south on Collins Avenue 
jnd scon the entire group was irioving away from the hotel. They were allowed to 
continue leaving the area of the Fontainebleau Hotel; and P.S.D. platoons 
6 and 7 and F.H.P. platoons 19 and 20 were returned to the Convention Complex. 
TYie prisoner vans returned to stheir staging area. At 8:30 P. M. , Collins 
Avenue was clear and the detours were removed from 63 Street and 41 Street. 

8y 8:40 P. M. , the demonstrators were stretched out along Collins Avenue between 
25 and 20 Streets; end 905 requested that the F.H.P. cars patrol in that area to 
present the group from reorganizing and reversing dii-ection. As ti'ey approached 
the Convention Cc:'.plex, Miami platoons 12, 13, 14 and 18 were move') out to 
their positions on the perim.eter, but the group continued south tcvard 
_ -Floiningo Park.- 


/r~,l fcc/Mir-Jcd) 

By 9:06 P. K. , r.iost of the group v/as in the park ind all F.H.P. pla-.cons had 
returned to their staging areas. The Miami platoons secured from t'-oir fence 
positions at 9:15 P. M. 

At 9:20 P. M., 15 of the '.'azis arrived at the Fcntaintblcau Hotel c-.rrying a si^n 
reading "flush Integration". They were in uniform but v.'ere not wea'ing 
swastikas. They poacfully demonstrated there until 10:40 P. M. , when they left 
n.arching south to 41 Street and Pine Tree Drive where they had left their • 

A group of approxiiriately 75 departed from Flamingo Park at 9:22 P. M. They were 
merr.bers of various gay groups who marched with lighted candles to the ii'orth Ccnon- 
stration Area and stated that they planned to stay until 5 A. M. Two additional 
small groups walked near the Convention Complex, but after a short time walked south 
toward Flamingo Park. ■ _ 

At 10:45 P. H. , Game and Fresh V.'ater Fish Co.T.mission personnel arrived and relieved 
the niaai Beach personnel on the gates. All Florida Highway Patrol, Public Safety 
Oepartiaent and Miami Police Department platoons were secured for the cJay. At 
10:50 ?. M. , P.S.D. platoon 11 secured from the Fontainebleau Hotel, due back 
at 9 A. K. to relieve platoon 10. 

Officers from the P.S.D. Bomb Squad arrived at 11:13 P. M. to conduct a complete 
sweep of the Convention Hall which they completed at 12:55 A. K. Nothing 
suspicious was located. 


i-'onday, 21 Aug ust, 1972 

At 10:50 A. M., P. S. D. platoons 2 through 9 re;iorted to their stroing area 
within the Convention Complex, and at 11 A. M. , Gaine end Fresh V.'att-r 
Fish personnel were relieved from their gate positions by Miami Ee.'.ch 
perso.'.nel . r.iami platoons 12, 13, 14 and 18 arrived on the Comple):, and 
only notes 2X and IIX were opened. The F.H.P. platoons v^era all in their 
staging areas by 11 A. M. 

At 11 •..''4 A. H. , K.iami Beach platoon s^l reported in service at its staging area. 
Gates I'X, 9X, lOX and 12X were also opened at this time as P.S.D. platoons took 
up tiitM'r positions along the perimeter. By 11:44 A. M., the iliarai platoons had 
assur.ic-d their fence positions and Gates 3X, AX^ 5X and 6X v;ere opened. 

An estimated 1500 non-oelcgatcs v,'ere now using V^e Flamingo Park Carips'ite. Several 
nieetir.tjs were taking place, but there was no noticeable move.Tients in or out 
of the park. The Kazi bus was reportedly enroute to Flainingo Park from Fort 
Lauderdale end the V.V.A.W., who had taken over all campsite security, had sentries 

Traffic was flowing smoothly in and out of the Convention Complex os the delegates 
arrived for the convention's scheduled 1 P. M. opening session. At 1:09 P. M. , 
a group of 25 non-delegates were seen making a tour of the Convention CoJiplex 
perinicier and police traffic positions in the area of the Complex, taking notes 
es thc-y went. 

At 2:15 P. M. , a group of about 500 non-delegates lef Flamingo Park and [.larched 
toward the Complex. The Convention Tactical Comi'iander (905) requested that all 
police units be notified. I'lOving slowly, the irarchers approached the Complex 
from the V.'ashington Avenue side'. All Kiami and P.S.D. platoons were in position 
along the perimeter, but the group continued north on Washington Avenue. 
One (T;nle ceinonstrator removed all his clothing and executed several cartwheels 
in front of the Convention Co^nplex. He was placed under arrest. About 20 
elderly citizens were peacefully demonstrating near Gate 2X, holding signs urging 
victory in the war. One of the V.V.A.W. members took a sign frcoi en elderly 
demonstrator and tore it up; but the rest of the marchers ignored th.e small 
■group. . 

At 3:18 P. M. , the opening session was concluded and all of the delegates exited 
the Convention Complex. 

The inarching non-delegates crossed Dade Boulevard at V.'ashington Avenue and arrive: 
in front of Miami Beach High School, the staging area for approximately 700 
N'ational Guardsmen. The demonstrators called to the Guardsmen to come out and 
join them, end several non-delegates climbed onto the roof of the school and to 
the area housing co.ununi cation aerials, etc. 905 requested that those persons 
on .the roof be arrested and 7 demonstrators were taken into custody. At 3:39 P..'- 
905 requested that F.H.P. platoons 21 through 25 coma to the High 5.chool , but ; 
•they were asked to co.:,e to the cast side of the school and remain cut or^ignt 
"of t'm demonstrators unless needed. -.•■•. 


At 3:48 P. M., a group of about 150 Zippics came out -jf 
Flamingo Park and made their v/ay towatd the Convention 
Coraplex, reportedly to join with the V.V.A.W. group at 
Miccii Beach Senior High School. When they reached th-3 tJorth 
Den-.onstrat ion Area, they stopped and orouped around s-^veral 
of their members who began making speeches against the war. 
Two women stripped to their waists and 3 men stripped compic" 
as part ofthe demonstration. 

e I y 

At 4:08 P. M., some of the V.V.A.W. rr^embors" left the school and 
drifted south on Washington Avenue. F.H.P. platoons 2A , 25 
a:\ii 26 remained at Miami Beach Senior High School with appro>c- 
'imately 300 V.V.A.W. members still standing around in front 

Two hundred members of a women'; 
at 4:38 P. M. They marched oas^ 
and turned north. 

liboratlon group left the Park 
on 14 Street toCollins Avc-nuo 

At 4:47 P. M., the V.V.A.W. group at Miami Beach Senior High 
School moved south on Washington Avenue and joined i r. the North 
Dc---.onstrdt Ion Area . . Whan the V.V.A.W. left the school, some of 
the Zipples left the demonstration area and marched to the 
high school. They remained there for about 30 minutos and returr.&d 
to the demonstration area. The women's liberation group reached 
the demonstration at 5:05 P. M. and set up a speakers platform at 
19 Street and Washington Avenue. Soon ali of the groups had 
merged and were sitting on the grass and In the roadway between 
18 and 19 Streets, listening to speeches. 

At 5:30 P. M., Cubans had start 
p^arking lot at 17 Straet and Me 
parade scheduled to begin about 
gathering in i-1iami at the Orang 
with the Miami Beach group shor 
6:44 P. M., approximately 250 C 
the 150 - 200 waiting paraders 
east on 17 Street. Late arrlva 
700 marchers by the time the gr 
To avoid a confrontation with t 
18 - 19 Streets, the Cuban para 
on Washington Avenue by a line 
intersection. Instead, themar 
and then north to 19 Street, th 
Avenue just north of the large 
In front of the Convention Comp 
and a line of V.V.A.W. marshals 
'nhan the Cubans marched Into th 
7:10 P . M . , stragglers at the r 
contact with soveral non-dolega 
A>venue and an altercation rosul 
by police and parade rr.arshals. 

ed ga 

r h e r i 


in the 3u r d 

i n e ' s 

ri d i a 

n Court 

, stag i ng 

a r 

ea for a 


P . M 

A similar 


roup '.v 3 s 

e Bow 

1 Sta 

d i 

u rn a n d w c u 

I d 

r e n d e z \' c •-; 3 

tly b 

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a r a d e time 



f rem 


i a m i had j 

o i 

n e d with 

beh i n 

d Bur 


n e ' s and w 

e r 

e rri arching 

1 s , en 

1 a r g e 


the group 



cup reache 


V.' 2 s h i n g t o n 



he ■- o n - d e 1 

egats group 

s i 

1 1 i ri g at 

d e ■. . a 

s prevented from 


i ng north 

of officers 




Cher s 


routed to J 

a i'l 

as Avenue 

us , t 

hey a r r 

i v e d on W a 

s h 

I ngt on 


sti 1 


1 i s ;" e n i n g 



1 ex. 

A 1 1 


of P.S.D. 


3 p u t i cs 



opposing g r o 


s separated 


th Dc 


n s t r a t i o n 

A r 

ea at 

ear o 

f the 


uban parse 


came i n t o 

tes a 

t 17 


root and W 


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but '.v 


quickly b 


ken -y-p 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


1 + 

ra i 
g ro 









t w e 



n i ng 

up o 


a m 
an m 

m i ng 
ne n 
t si 
t Ion 
en t 

17 S 

n to 

. T 
rr.a r 
f 50 
th D 
G fT, b e 
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o Pa 
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er ed 

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Ginon s 
th Gp 
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i ne 


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ck t 
t i o n 
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's p 
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s . 

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s ba n 


on s t r 

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7 Str 

arki n 



Ave n 


The m 


ded a 

P . M . ; 
a t i on c 
y they 
to joi 
Merrior i 
6 6 t and 

g lot, 

ached t 
n " a r m b 
ue a t 1 
s i n or 
trat i on 
t Mar id 

ar.d by 7 

d come . 
Park C£ 
the g ro 

Ra I iy. 
it s h i n g t 
o large 

same i 
d s form 
r to a V 
r om the 
r ea . T 
n Aven u 

: 30 P. 

end an 

At 7: 

mp site 

up a I re 

As th 

on Aven 

n t er s ec 
ed a I i 
and h e I 
o 1 d a c 

park c 
he Cuba 
e . 

M. i 
d t h 
37 P 
a r. d 
a d y 
c 1 3 
u e o 
f rem 
t i on 
ne a 
d b 
on f 1 
ros s 
ns t 

t v.- a 
e Ic 
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t her 
st o 
^ the 
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ed I 

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f tt 
e i r 


s t 

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7 Si 

r s 


ou p 

At 7:5 
t he Co 
that t 
the fe 
CoM.p 1 e 
I 2X. 
there . 
per i me 
Comp I e 
5 ver e 
8 and 
on bus 
26 wer 
were c 
a nd po 
coot ro 
Comp I e 

. M. 
nt i o 
, nu 
Al I 
I am i 
, an 
s iti 
I n f 
ed t 
as a 

X aT 

, th 
n Co 
S. w 
mer o 

f ogg 
n Or 

p I a 
d Mi 
a I on 
ro n t 
d on 

d a I 

1 e r t 
30 P 

m p I e 
us p 
es w 
er s 
i V a 
am i 
r Mi 

g th 


s ta 
e Co 
. M. 

were a 
X for 
gol ng 
r eca u t 
ere I o 
were b 
and Is 
s 12, 
p I a too 
ami st 
m Gate 
e so u t 
the a u 
nd by, 
mp I ex 
the we 
lA i a m i 
and w 

n es 
to t 
I 3, 
ns 1 
ag i n 

h p Q 
d i to 

f rom 
st s 

p I a 

t i ma t 
p I a n n 
ry to 
ht to 

1 4 an 
5, I 6 
g are 

r i urn. 
i d e o 

d 2 
d r 
i nc 

t G 

'■', I a m i 

■ho G 




500 pe 
i 1e th 
an by 
a t e s 2 
Mob i I 
17 we 
P. S.D. 
a rd en 
nd p I a 
H.P. p 
f -du ty 
e co;rip 
16 an 
d a 1 o n 

op I e in 
Beco u s 
e crowd 
po 1 ice 
X, 6X, 
e Comma 
p I a too 
along t 
re call 
p 1 a I o o 
toon s 6 
I a t con s 
I ex . P 
d 17 a r 
g the e 

ron t o f 
of rumors 
o storm 
side the 
, MX ar.d 

Pos t on 
a \ p o s i t i o - •:- 


to the 

2,3,4 c. nd 
I a too ns 
n d 7 were 
9 Through 
s h p e r s o n r. e I 
a rte r s 

V d at the 
t p e r i (n e i ■; r . 

At 6:32 P. M., the evening session of the Republican fJational 
Convention commenced. There were several incidents of delegates 
being harassed verbally as they entered the Complex, but most 
entered unmolested. 

Numerous speakers addressed the non-delegates. Some of the more 
noteworthy were attorney William Kunsler, Black Panther Bobby 
Seale, actress Jane Fonda, George Jackson's former attorney John 
Thorne, attorney Luke McKisslck who represents an imprisoned 
G.I., and a member of the I.R.A., Sean Keane. 

At 9:25 P. M., there were only about 600 people remaining in 
front of the Conriplox. l-'.ost of the drowd was drifting slo\/ty 
back toward Flamingo Park. At 11:05 F. M., the rally ended ano 
the crowd was asked by someone on the stage to clean -jp their 
litter. I'ost of the non-delegates did pick up the trosh in the 
area and then threw it over the fence at the officers. 
eggs were also thrown at officers near the South Demo n st r a_t>>;^n 
Ar ea . • 


At 11:17 P. M., 905 requested that theF.H.P. be asz:r,nc:d to 
patrol south of 17 Street to prevent dorr.age to property a'- Tiie 
non-delegates tr.ade their way back to the campsite. lo:ne ^otc-s 
along 17 Street were blocked by non-do I egat es , but nc overt 
attempt were storm the fence. As the area cleared of 
de/T-.onstrators, police units were returned to their stsginr. 
areas. The convention session ended cjnd the delegates lei r 
t he Comp lex. 

At I I 
secu r 
and I 
At 12 
unti I 
As th 
a man 
Ref us 
of th 
. Imper 

:40 P 
e for 
3, re 
per so 
:22 A 
. p I a 

4 A. 
e off 

und f 
t Ser 
od ad 
e Sec 
V e r e d 

, M. , 

tur ne 
nne I 
. M. , 

e up 
or hi 
ml ss I 
ret 5 


In t 
i ng a 

905 a 
even I n 
d to M 
Jo i nod 

a I 1 P 
27 was 

at; Ga 
to •;- h e 
Dse I f 
on, he 
erv I ce 
r the 
he t r u 
n off! 


i sm i 





Al I 

D. p 
I led 

ch p 
2X w 
te a 

a w 


s tu 


nt s 


the F.H.P. troopers that, thc-y could 
Miami platoons, except platoons 12 
At 12:01 A. M., Gcir,e and Fresh Water 
Beach personnel on the gates. 
latoons assigned to the Complex secur; 

to the Complex and would remain 
er Sonne I were secured at I A. M. 
ere preparing to Iqave their posts, 
nd attempted to. gain entrance to the 
or. an companion. He claimed to be a 
Id not produce his identification, 
rnlng his car around when agents 
ched him and questioned him. Bullets 
eat of tho car and a .22 rifle was 
s ma.: was placed under arrest for 


iH^i^Y-i—l^-Ayjiy-LLi- J^Jl 

A lot of planning had taken ploce during the night as the grcocs 
'in Flamingo Park prepared for a rr.ajor demonstration in front o1 
'the Fon ta I neb I ea u Hotel this morning. The Republican N'ationai 
Ccmm i t t CO had meetings scheduled for 9 A. M, on Rules and 
Credentials, and the Republican women had a brunch scheduled 
for 10 A. M. S.D.S. m embers had reportedly obtained 12 tickets 
to the brunch and planned to demonstrate inside the hotel. At 
9 A. M., the only non-delegates in front of the hotel were about 
25 "Jesus Freaks". None of the major groups had left Flamingo 

At 9:15 A. M., about 40 members of a religious organization called 
the "20th Century Reformation Group" arrived in front of the 
Fo ntalnebloau Hotel. Consisting of older people, their activity 
CO nslsted of handing out literature to passers by. 

P.S.D. platoon II arrived at the Fonta I n eb I ea u at 9:45 A, 
relieve platoon 10 staged Inside. 

M. to 

At 10:02 A. M., a group of about 200 led by S.D.S. marched out of 
Flamingo Park. They marched east on 14 Street to Collins Avenue 
and then north on Collins, picking up stragglers along the route. 
When they reached 17 Street there were an estimated 313 non- 
delegates In the group, marching In the middle of the street and 
blocking all 4 lanes of traffic. Smaller groups were gathering 
in the park, looking for. transportation to the Fontainebleau. S;^ 
had cars and were already enrouie to the hotel. 

All F.H.P. platoons vere in service by 10:30 A. M., but 50 F.H.P. 
troopers from the group staged in St. Patrick's Church were'brcL-;. 
"to the Fontainebleau at 10:27 A. M. r:, n d posted out front in the 
driveway. P.S.D. platoon II would maintain the hotel's internal 
security. The Police Tactical Commander (905) requested that 
two prisoner vans be sent to the hotel and parked on the vest 
side of Collins Avenue opposite the hotel. 

At 10:30 A. M., the "20th Century Reformation Group" left the 
front of the Fontainebleau and moved north to the front of the 
Dora I Beach hotel, 4853 Collins Avenue. 

P.S.D. platoons 2,3,4 and 5 arrived at tira Complex at 10:50 A. f 
and Gamie and Fresh Water Fish personnel vare relieved on the 
perimeter gates by Miami Beach personnel. 

The demonstrators arrived In front of the Fon ta i n e b I er. u Hotel 
at 10:45 A. M. and began marching back ajvd forth carrying signs 
and shouting slogans. At first, hotel tfaffic v.'as able to get 
through tha line of non-da I ega tes , but bsfore long the driveway- 
were bloch-3d In addition to northbound traffic on Co I JJ-cls^ A v.anu- 


Tuesdav, 22 Aucusi, 1972 (continued) 

At I I : 
26 pos 
i I : 13 
back f 
hote I 
s tarte 
t he Sa 
de \ ega 

05 A. 

to th 
i 1 1 o n e 
A , M . , 
rom t h 
a bout 
and on 
ped at 
d mov i 
xony H 
tes f r 

M., 90 
e Font 
d thein 

905 g 
e f r o n 
hal f a 
e nort 

ng sou 
ote 1 a 
cm Pue 

neb I 
ed t 
of t 
ou nd 
ew I 
o RI 

es t ed 
eau H 

at 4 
he F. 
he ho 
, ope 

ocat i 
Coll i 

Col I 
CO, S 

4 St 
tel . 
n i ng 

on , 
ns A 
i ns 
ou th 

, a n 

t ro 

Col I 
ven u 
Ave n 
■ Car 


af ■ 

oons 2 1, 22 ^nd 23 

H.P. platoons 24, 25 end 

Collins Ave'', ue. At 
s to inove t h- .5 derrjons t r a I or ; 

troopers moved them 
north drive V.' ay of the 
Avenue. The den-.on st ra t ors 
er' a short meeting, 
eportedly bound for 
headquarters hotel for 
a and V.'est Virginia. 

At JI:D3 A. M., Miami Beach platoon #1 reported in service at 
their staging area, and 11:3 A. M., Miami Platoons 12, 13 and 
14 reported on Co.-nplex. Platoon 18 was still cnroute and reported 
a few minutes later". There was no non -d o 1 eg a t e ■ act i v I ty evident 
around the Convention Complex other than two' pickets carrying 
signs at Gate I2X. 

After the non-delegates withdrew from the area of the Fontaine- 
bleau, 905 requested that ■i'he F.H. P. units move from the hotel 
to the Municipal Parking Lot at 46 Street to await further 

At 11:31 A. M., a groupof den-ionstrators showed up at the Deauville 
Hotel, 6701 Collins Avenue, headquarters for the Michicsn 
Delegation. They milled around In frc.nt of the hotel, shouting 
anti-war slogans and blocking delegates buses when thsy tried 
to leave. M. embers of Miami Beach's off-site crowd control 
contingent ware sent to assist the delegates. 

The S.D.S. demonstrators arrive 
and gathered In front on the Co 
delegates walked around the out 
another way In, and a rumor circ 
there was an opening on the sou 
several F.H. P. troopers ba posi 
keep the demonstrators out. At 
decided they were not getting a 
again, back to the park. At 12 
units and the prisoner vans tha 
staging areas. 

d at 
I I i n 
u I a t 
th s 
t i on 
1 2: 
n y w h 
: 17 
t th 

s Ave 

of t 
ed th 
I de . 
ed in 
1 6 P. 
ere e 
P. M. 
ey CO 

nu e s 
he ho 
roug h 


M. , 
nd be 
, 905 
ul d r 

y Hote 
i de . 
tel I o 

the c 
the ho 
the de 
gan to 

ad V i s 

I at 

o k i ng 
r o w d 
ted t 
tel t 
m o n s t 
ed th 

11:48 A , 


f or 
ra tors 

a F.H.P, 
ei r 

The S.D.S. marchers had ice-picked tires on several cars 
their trip south from the Fonta i neb 1 ea u Hotel. They bro 
v.'indows in a bank at 2397 Collins Avenue and when thcv r 
22 Street and Col I ins Avenue, a fow of them jumped ir. to 
decorative pool in front of the public library. Continu 
south, the demonstrators "mashed sevsral windows at 2004 
Avenue ar,c broke the flagpole In front of 1555 Collir. s A 
while stealing the flag. At 1:04 P. M., 905 requeste'1 F 
platoons 2! through 26 respond to 16 Street and Col I i'is 
end make appropriate arrests. Four prisoner vans u or e ^a 

ke the 

i ng 

Col I Ins 
A V o^ u 3 
J-s.o \ 


22 Aucuit, 1972 (cor.tir, ;;&d) 

requested at that locaiion. Shortly i.lter these requ'.sts were 


the donion s t ra t o rs discontinued vandal 
back to Flamingo Park. At 1:03 P. M., 
for F.H.P. troopers and prisoner vans. 

zing and marchc-J straigh<- 
905 cancelled rhe requests 


1 2: 


P. M 

. , a Dout 175 




]■'. e r i 

dian Avenue. 




between Gat 


o i 


bus , 

Tho Z i pp i e 




i ng all t raf 


d M 

la 1 

1 , .th 

ey turned ea 




ing north on 

un t 

i 1 


e y we 

re in front 

1 2 



een d 

epioyed alon 



Demons t 

ration Area, 




Ing area sin 





Zippies left Flamingo Park and march t-d 
P.S.O. platoon 2 was deployed along 
e^ 9X and I OX and platoon 5 vas moved 
s marched dov;n the center of I-'eridian 
fie lanes. When they reached the Lincoln 
st and marched over to V/ashington 

V/ashiing1on Avenue, the group continued 
of the Convention Complex. .'-'iami platoon 
g the east perimeter adjacent to the 

and P.S.O. platoons 2 and 5 were return -id 
ce there was no activity along 17 Street 

Meanwhile, demonstrators had b 
cbleau Hotel. . At 1:10 P. M., 
the hotel who were beginning t 
traffic and vehicles entering 
P. M., 905 requested that 3 pr 
or the Fon ta i neb I ea u , and a mi 
platoons 21 through 26 respond 
.demonstrators back as they had 
without d i f f i cO I ty a nd no arres 
remained in the area of the ho 
staging areas. 

The afternoon convention session begait at 

een driftin 

g back to 



o n T a i n - 

there were 

over 100 

in f 

ront of 

o i nterf 


with Co 1 

1 i ns 



and ex i t 


the h o t e 

1 . 



i s o n e r v 

a n s 

be d i spa 



tc the. 


n u t e 1 a t 





F . H . P , 

to the 


el and move "^ 


done ea 

r 1 i 

er . The 1 



was move 

t s were 

ma d 

e. The F 



p 1 a toon 


tel and 


not return "i 




I 3 P, 


The 175 Zippies v.' ere all in the North De fr.o nstration Areaat 
.1:20 P. M. When they arrived in the area about .half the group 
had gone into the Demonstration Area and the other half had 
continued north to 20 Street where they blocked traffic. After 
a short time, they moved back to join the first half of the group. 

At 1:28 P. M., the entire group moved over to 20 Street and 
completely blocked Gate 2X. They again blocked traffic on 
Washington Avenue and several Zippies were seen vomiting on hoods 
of cars they had forced to slow down. They jumped on top of 
cars parked along Washington Avenue and rocked them' back and 
forth. One female demonstrator removed her blouse and paraded 
around topless, her body painted several different colors. 
Miami platoon 14 was posted along the perimeter from Gate IX to 
Gate 3X, and platoon 18 wasput on its bus and sent to Gate 2X 
to stand-by. At 1:30 P. M,, 905 requested that platoons 19 and 
20 be sent to the Font a I neb I oa u to relieve F.H.P. plaloons 24, 
25 and 26 at their positions. F.H.P. platoons 24, 25^_Qd 26 wt-re 


2 2 A J a u s " 

197 2 f c o n T i r. u e d ) 

asked to cone to 25 Streel and Dade Eoule.ard to ineet wi-; o 905. 

Two prisonGT vans wore also requested at 1'5 Street arid Dc-te Boulevard. 

At I 



n I i 



.1 rou 

by a 

3 I on 



of 2 


: 35 
i ngt 
e th 

wh i 
ne o 
nd t 

g si 
s, a 
12 d 

P . M . 
on Av 
ey we 
te an 
f F.H 
he ■ de 
eep I 
de th 
nd ar 
res i s 

, tho 
e n u o a 
re c 1 i 
d blue 
.P. sq 
ayer o 
e squa 
rest p 
t and 
t r a t o r 

Z i ?p 
nd w 
mb i n 


sea I 
a tor 

d Co 
I n a 
s ha 

I e u e 
ere b 
g "I ha 
ti r.g 
m "t he 
i ng o 
5 u n t 
rs, a 
d u r e s 
n hou 
d bee 

rions t r 
ack in 

1 ight 
and s e 
pu 1 led 
i r car 
f f the 
1 I the 
s. Th 
bout 2 

r and 
n p roc 

a t o r s 


po I e 

1 1 i ng 

a I on 

s and 


y w e r 

e pr i 


i ni t r 




e i 


■d Ic 

-th C 
pul I 
re i 
"■ i d e 
n a 
er \ 
rs V 

u te5 
d Ic 

t 20 Strei-r 
non s t ra t i c. r. 
n g off t h '.. i 

it. At ; : 3 
he Cerr.on s t r a 
a solid line 
rocpers clos 
ompact group 
n s '.■. ere it. o v o 
rs formed in 
he demonst r a 

the entire 
ded aboard 6 

eco r 
7 P. 
t i on 

a ro 
ed i 

d up 
to a 
g rou 


a T I .■ e 

M. , 

A r o a . ■ 
u nd 
r o u n d c- d 

r res t 


At 1:25 P. M., about 500 V.V.A.W. had left Flamingo Park bound for 
the Fonta i neb I eau Hotel, and arrests were still being made in front 
of the Complex when they came marching up 17 Street and turned onto 
Vi'ashington Avenue. P.S.D. platoons 3 and 4 were moved out onto 
Vi'dshington Avenue just north of 19 Street because it was not known 
v;hat reaction the V.V.A.W. marchers might have when they saw the 
arrssts being made. The V.V.A.W. group remained orderly and marcne;^ 
caston 19 Street to Collins Avenue and continued toward the 
fonta i nab I eau Hotel. At 2:03 P. M., P.S.D, platoons 3 and 4 
fo their staging area. 

The demonstrators who had been mov^d from in front of the Fen t e i neb I c- ; u 

Hotel at 1:13 P. M. by F.H. P. troopers had continued a slow sojthwf.rd 

movement. Encountering a beer truck at 44 Str.3et, thay surrounded 

it and helped themselves to some of its ccntenls. They also let 

air Out of the tires of some cars in the sa.x a vicinity. At 36 Srreat 

and Co I I Ins Avenue, they met the V.V.A.W, group anroute to the 

Fonta i neb I ea u and joined with them. 

At 2:55 P, M., the V.V.A.W." group reached the Fonta i neb I e a u Hotel 
.ind were met by about 100 demonstrators waiting for them. Estimatad 
at slightly over SOO people, part of the group blocked off the 
hotel's main entrance driveway and the rest sat down in the street, 
A source within the group stated they planned on being arrested 
here and that is why they avoided a confrontation with police In 
front of the Convention Complex. 905 ordered Collins Avenue traffic 
be detoured at 41 Street and 63 Street; and requested 5 prisoner 
vans to the Fonta I neb I ea u Hotel. 

At 3:21 P. M., 905 advised that the main driveway to the -lotel had 
been cleared, F.H.P, troopers were posted at the driveways and along 
the front of tha hotel on tno sidewalk, but the dor.onst rt '■ors'N^era 
ord&rly.' ^=?^ N 


. c a V , 'i 'I A u (J u b 1 



At 'i P. M., a group of about 40 blacks arrived at the Fontaine- 
b I '• j u Hotel carrying pro-Nixon and a n t i -McGo vorn sign-:;. They 
assembled about 50 yards north of the V.V.A.W. sit-in. passed 
OUT literature and listened to speeches. The V.V.A.W. group 
ignored them for the mDst part. 

Conditions were relatively quiet around the Complex. Thirty 
Sominole Indians arrived at Gate I IX af 2:15 P. M. Carrying 
si'ins and marching to hhe beat of a drum, they made t^-eir way to 
Vi'a-.hington Avenue and asse.T, bl^:: la the North Demonstr-jtion Area. 
Thoy remained there for approximately an hour and ahalf and 
then return.ed to Gate MX and their waiting vehicles.. 

9 rou p s i tt i ng on 

au Hotel got up and 

ew minutes later, 3 

ted into the hotel lobby 

y men's rest room hed 

e lob. by was cordoned 

o.a man who promised 

The veterans then 
front. At this "^ime, 

minutes to leave 
orderly conduct. The 
go Park. The bomb 
was a false alarm, 
examination revealed 


4:30 P. M., about half of the V.V.A.W. 


1 Ins Avenue in front of the Fontaineble 

St. J 

rted walking back to Flamingo Park. A f 

V. V 

•A.W. members in wheelchairs were assis 


police. A report of a bomb in the lobb 


n received at 4;30 P. M. and most of th 

of 1 

, but the veterans delivered a letter t 


deliver it to the President in person. 

1 Rt 

t the hotel and rejoined the group out 


announced to the group that they had 3 

th : 

area or they would be arrested for dis 


up arose and started back toward Fiamin 

H hi 

oat in the Fo nt a I neb I ea u men's restroom 

A , 

ylinder was found taped to a door, but 

1 f 

was not a bomb. 

A1- ■1:47 P. M., 905 advised the prisoner vans to return to their 
•otcging area. F.H.P. platoons 19 throgh 23 were also returned 
t'-fheir staging areas and Collins Aveaue 

A ': 
1 I . 

r i_ 

1 o 



nbol 1 

; 45 
i ngo 
1 i za 

M. , 
ed o 
o ns 
ze t 
i on 
ea t h 
d by 
ea u 

a n 
h ea 
f s 
I n 
he i 



V. V 

ma I I 
r u n 




I ve 

el . 

is opened to traffic. 

iinated 1500 to 2000 d etr.o ns t r a tor > left 
for the Convention Complex. Thi^ large -^rOK:; 
er groups representing the vartoos 
campsite; but all were marching together 
ited desire to end the War. The evening's^ 
n-entitled "Street without Joy." Many of . h. 
stumes and had their faces painted to 
and their parade contained several floats 
elephant pulling a coffin. When the 
ot and Meridian Avenue, they met and were 
demonstrators returning from the 

resemble death masks; and their parade contained several iiuo.:. 
on-! was led by a live elephant pulling a coffin. When the 
nroup reached 16 Street and Meridian Avenue, they met and were 
joined by the V.V.A.W. demonstrators returning from the 
fonta i neb lea u Hotel. 

Af 5:57 P. M., P.S.D. platoons 3 and 4 were loaded on thslr buses 

3:id positioned by Gate IIX; and Miami platoons 12, t3 and 14 

were posltionod along the east perimeter. At 6:04 P. M.^ P.S.D. 

plaroon 2 v/as positioned between Gates 9X and I OX; an-J, at 6:10 
P. M., Miami platoon 18 was in stand-ty position beh«.-'d the east 

perim.iter forc:;s. P.S.D. platoon 5 WaS ordorod to a s -^iemu I e^ at 
its bus a r 6:17 P . M . 


2 2 ; 

l;V2 (c'.r,Ti-i.oc) 

The afternoon session of the P. cpublic. n f-Jational Conv..ntIon 
ended at 6:20 P. M . os the d erion s t ra t f;rs began to encircle The 
Cofi.plex. It was Griz7ling outside an.: a motion was r^de to stoy 
in the Hall for supper rather than Ic.. ve the Co'nplex. Many 
delegates voted to rcnaln. 

About 1000 dojnons fr a tc rs continued no'th on Meridian Avenue ,• 
past 17 Street while The remaining ma: chors preceded cast on 
17 Street to Washington Avenue. As the gi"oups moved around the \ 
perimeter, they left a solid line of demonstrators behind them '/ ,• 
standing silently along the curb, shoulder to shoulder. At ,-| 
QncK go te- demon s trat.oj" s -annou need to the officers that they y^^ 
Intended to block the gate if any tried to exit. 

At 6:30 P. M., 905 requested F.H.P. platoons 21, 22 and 23 
position themselves in the 46 Street and Collins Avenue Municipal 
Parking Lot after reports were received that memibers of the 
miJitan Attica Brigade planned to separate from'the rest of 
the marchers and go to the Eden Roc Hotel, 4525 Collins Avenue. 

Washington Avenue, from 17 to 20 Streets had been closed to 
vehicular traffic I'o give the non-dele^ gates a large area in 
which to d errion st ra te . Whan the Complex perimeter had been lined 
on hhe east, south and west sides, most of the remaining pro- 
testors gathered on Washington Avenue near Gate 2X. ^t 6:45 
P. M., Miami platoon 18 was positioned in support of the police 
units already at Gate 2X, and Miami Beach platoon #1, with 
pepper foggers, was positioned on Jackie Glcason Drive by the 
;-'obile Command Post. 

At 6:46 P. M., a group of about 50 Cubans was seen marching up 
17 Street to Wa s h i ng lo n Avenue. They rriarched around for about 
2 hours before returning to Their cars, but did not cause any 
great problems with the other demonstrators. They appeared 
to be ready and looking for trouble, but other groups were not 

At 6:47 P. M., the National Guard placed its 2/124 Infantry 
Battalion, staged in the Miami Beach High School, on "red" alert 
and its 2/116 Task Force, staged in Miami, on "Yel low "_ alert. 

The main demonstration took place in front of Gate 2X in the form 
of Guerilla theatre. Several groups took part" and acted out 
different scenes using home-made props. The high point came 
about 7:30 P. M., when the papier mache models of and 
airplanes used in their'skits were set on fire and thrown over 
the fence i n i"o the compound. The coffin which the el'^phant had 
been pulling v.' as also thrown, into the Complex. Harassment of 
delegates continued. Mostly verbal at first, as tier. e went^by^, 
it intensified. 


t !_■ e 5 d d y , 2 ? A u o u sTt ", I 9 ' ■ ' 2 (continued) 

At 7:13 P. M., 905 roq'josted that Came and Fresh V.'ate." Fish per- 
sonnel be alerted at tlieir hotel and a;ked to come to the Cor.pjjx. 
At 7:16 P. M., 905 requested that F . H . I' , platoons 21, 22 and 23 
icoiTie from the 46 Street Municipal Parking Lot to the .•••irking 
I'lot of Miami Seach High School. F.H.P. platoons 19 a'd 20 '^ere 
sent to assist P.S.D. platoons on Gate- 3 NX and 12X a^ derion- 
strators blocked vehicular traffic f ro:n entering the 'jates by 
laying down in the street. 

At 7:38 P. M., the tri-agency communications tie-in failed end 
P.S.D., Miami and Miami Beach switched to their alternate channels, 

At 7:39 P 

. M 

. , dem 

1 1 X, and 


of that g 



schedu 1 ed 



to arrive 


At 7: 4 

22 and 2 3 


port t 

r4e r i d I a n 

Avenue c 1 

to 1 d It h 


to be 

•were sent 



F.H.P. sweep 


■alert in 


i r sto 

wer e ad v i 


to br 

by the tl 


the bu 

onstrators had al I gates blocked except for 

tors were beginning to lay down in front 

. The evening session of theconvention was 

at 8:30 P. M., ^and delegates were starting 
3 P. M. , 905 requested F.H.P." platoons 21, 
oDade Boulevai'd and I-'eridian Avenue and sweep 
ear of demonstrators to 17 Street. They were 
completed In 12 minutes. Three prisoner vans 
Boulevard and Merldi^sn Avenue to back up the 
.P. platoons 24, 25 and 26 were pieced on 
ging area. Traffic escorts for delegates buses 
Ing them through Gate I IX, which would be open 

When F.H.P. troopers began their sweep of I-'eridian Avenue, one 
of the detnons t ra tors threw a tear gas grenade at them, but the 
troopers continued their sweep without responding until T'eridian 
Avenue was cleared up to 17 Street. Gates MX and I2X were 
opened to delegate traffic and F.H.P. troopers remained t'riere 
to keep the gates opened. 

The demonstrators who were clea 
the demonstrators on 17 Street 
delegates attempting to enter t 
8 P. M. a large number of non-d 
to move south toward 17 Street 
Miami platoons 15, 16 and 17 ha 
after being called from their s 
esked by 905 to go out through 
non-delegates from those areas. 
sonnel had arrived at the CompI 
of Gate lOX to do the same. Th 
from the gates, but they went i 
assing vehicular traffic by brc- 
out of tires. Some Miami offic 
8:08 P. M., 905 requesteo that 
como to 17 Street and I-'eridian 
east onto Washington Avenue. 

d f rom 
d ass i 

Corap I 
ega tes 
d ga th 
just a 
gi ng a 
tes 8X 
Game a 

and w 
o the 
ing w I 
s ware 
H.P. p 
e n ua a 

Ml e r i d I a n A v e n 
sted in the ha 
ex through Gat 

on Washington 
er in i"he inte 
rrived at the 
r e a in Miami. 

and9X and cle 
n d Fresh Water 
ere assigned t 
t r a t o r s were r, 
street and beg 
ndov.'S and left 

sent to assis 
la loons 24, 2S 
n d p u s Ii the d c 

ue jo 

i ned 

rassment of 

e 9X. 


Ave n 

u e b c c a n 



Comp 1 




ar th 




o^ th3 




f J n h a r - 

; rg a 

i r 

.■• , b u 

t at 

a nd 



r'^tor s 


I ?■ / :' ( c o r. - i r, L e c ) 

At 8:16 P. K., tr, 9 tri-agency tie-in »/as back in service and 
P.S.O., M lorn I and MI am! Beach swltchoc'. back to the co'r-.non 
{ rr-que ncy . 

A number of demonsl ra i or s had gone to Dade Boulevard -ind V/ashifg- 
jton Avenue io block delegate traffic onroute to Gates MX and 
il2X. F.H.P. troopers had cleared the non-delegates from Gate 
I OX so at. 8:25 P. M., 905 requested Game and Fresh Water 
Fish personnel respond to Dade Boulevard and V.'a s h i ng to n Avenue 
Io push the demonstrators back into the derr^on s t ra t i on area, 
Ti-offic was. flowing freely by 3:30 P. M. 

Al 8:34 P. M., ihere were an estimated 1000 demonstrators in 
the Intersection of 17 Street and Washington Avenue and they were 
interfering with the operation of Gate 6X, primary exit for buses 
and taxis, Miami Beach platoon j? 1 was requested to come to Gate 
6X wlththepopperfoggers. 

The evening session of the convention began at 8:36 P. M. 

At 8:38 P. M., F.H.P. troopers were clearing 17 Street at Wash- 
ington Avenue, pushing the non-delegates north toward the demon- 
stration area. yiiami units were checking the double-decked 
parking lot and clearing It out. Derrions t ra tors had been hiding 
behind the upper level wall and throwing things at troopers 
nia king the sweep and officers on the fence. 

t roope 
prov i d 

the ga 
cppa re 
in his 
requ I r 

17- Street and Washington Avenue had been cleared, F.H.P. 
rs remained across the entrance to 17 Street to keep the 
trators on Washington Avenue in the demonstration area 
ed. .,-— — __ 

trators continued to narass del egaj^s..- 1 r y i ng to get through 

tes. At Gate 5X, df-ir.on s't ra tors jumped on a car, bi"oke 
I windows and were beating on the. car when the driver 
ntiy panicked and struck several of them wii'-hthe vehicle 

efforts to get away. Several of the demonstrators 
ed medical attention. 

At 9:25 P. M., 905 requested Game and Fresh Water Fish personnel 
rr.eet 905 at 17 Street and Washington Avenue. They relieved the 
troopers who were posted across the entrance to 17 Street and 905 
requested rhat the F.H.P. units position themselves along the 
Lincoln Road J-la I I to prevent vandalism by demonstrators as they 
left the Complex to return to the Flamingo Park campsite. 

There was still a lot of non-delegate movement on Washington 
.'ivenua near 17 Stri3 3t and northbound traffic was detoured at 
Lincoln Road at' 9:09 P. M. At 9:30 P. M., a "lami Fo! ice 
Lieutenant •,.as struck with a rock and had to be taken to a 
hospital forsuturlng. 

At 9:47 P. M., 200 or 300 demonstrators broke away fr'-.m the 
people lIstGnlng to music in the North Demonstration Area and 
"..alked south on Washington Avenue toward Flamingo Park. TiY 9:52 


-|--r-esdcv , 2 2 Aucust, |f'72 (continued) 

P. M., it was estlrr.ottd that lliere weie from 500 to ". ')0 people 
singing and listening to rock music a'.d speeches in "!',e IJorth 
Doinons t ra t i on Area, another 100 to 1 5C by Gate 5X, a '■• -J abo.jt 
ICO at 17 Street ond Washington Avenuff. People continued to 
it rift away toward Flart. irigo Park. 

At 9:59 P. M., F.H.P. platoons :>A , 25 and 26 were po:.itioned 
.)1 Dade Boulevard and V.'ashington Avenue in case sorr.e demonstrator; 
liied to interfero with delegate trafficas it lef the corriplet 
• ilierthesession. " 

At 11:32 P. M., the speeches ended and the remaining non- 

■lo legates started walking back to the park. Perimeter security 

relaxed and prepared to secure for the evening. 

A1 11:42 P. M., the evening session of the convention adjourned. 

fi'y 11:44 P. M., the non- delegates were passing Lincoln Poad, Thus 
niiowing F.H.P. platoons 24, 25 and 20 to return to their staging 
oi"ca, but the platoons were asked to «:. tay in their cars until 
i.'ord was received that the non-delegales were all back in 
r 1 .J iTi i n g o Park. 

P.^.D. platoons 2,3,4, and 5 were returned to their :i 'aging 
or-; a at 11:49 P. M., and they secured for the night .-.I 12:06 
A. M. All of /■'liami's platoons also sf- cured for the f-ight at 
12:13 A. M. andall F.H.P. platoons wire secured; A1 about ihc- 
r. -.K.-.e time, Miami Beach platoon ti \ sect, red and Game a r^ d Fresh 
'.'.'nler Fish personnel relieved l-llamj 3 each personnel on the gates. 


1 v:? 

The third aind final day of the Republicen National Conv.totion &nd t! 
day tho nort-delegates had chosen to clor. 5 down the Conv.ntion Hall. 

A d 
Pr, r 
9 r 
a n 
7 (I 


al le 






M. s 

a C 

d de 
»! eg 

a s 
I re 
i on 
a rr 
e s 
on V 
I ay 

ena r 1 
an Co 
e. I 

s a ro 
i va I 
n t by 
t of 
p s u r 
ent i o 
Ion a 
I ega t 
I ng t 

o had 
n ven t 
n i t 
u n d a 
of d e 
. Th 

his n 
n Kal 
rea s : 
es ho 
echo i 


nd n 
I ega 
e ob 
i ng 
a t i o 
ed b 
1 de 

tel s 
pol I 

n p 

a n 


or t 




na I 

y N 

vo i 


a n 



ub I i 
d d i 
I I ed 
h of 

t wa 

ly t 

3 t i O 

d of 


d th 


s to 
s ide 
e I e V 
na I 

Con V 
e Co 

In the 

buted t 

dc-.Tion 3 

C o n V e n 

for Pr 

d rama t 

nt to e 

i sed s p 

Guard a 

egate s . 

ent i on 

n V e n t i o 

by the 

\ r "Revised 
hroughout t 
trators to 
t i on Coir. p 1 o 
esident Nix 
izethe sir 
ither delay 
eech, or ce 
nd military 
The senar 
Comp lex, en 
n Ha I I . It 

V,anu3 1 


:-.o Fi 

c m i 


X to 



on ' s 

e ng t h 




e u 1 


i t 

i n 

. or 


i V e r 

i ou 

t 1 i 


d 4 i 

n b 


a 1 so 



ors s 



A w o r" 
to .: 
at J 
I'er i 
i 1 v; 
M e r i 
•=) w a V 
pos i 
f r Oin 
to -. 
a rou 
nor t 
Bou I 
I ea V 
ass i 
ent r 
a va i 


ose ( 

a r 1 1 i 

poss i 

I tir 

t 18 

i an t 

s dec 

i an / 

let t 

as Pi 


i on , 

17 S1 

ose c 

d Ga: 

of - 



i ng Cc 

way Pi 



g ned " 

ns t ra ■ 

a nces 


Bou I ( 

1 abl e 

bi I i 
t ded 
ve nu 
Im B 
ff M 
he C 
h bou 
I I in 
en D 
a Co 
d i 
va rd 

sr i d i a 

e ks 

n ve 





a V 


I 7 




b utr, 


n A 

I 2 


f f i 

g to 



u I e 

ra I r I e 
i ns Ave 
u I d not 
its. T 
he park 
nd Pra i 

hat t 
ion w 
p r i o 
nee nt 
d i a n 
d p hy 
the e 
t reet 
da, a 
I ng 3 
r a I o 
u I eva 
nue a 

nter f 
at Da 
A ven u 
obs t r 
ere a 
r d an 
enue . 
e nor 
a 1 ay 

3 re 
g lot 
e Ave 

he n 
i th 
r to 
Ave n 
s i ca 
X i st 
nd s 
3 of 
ng t 
rd . 
t I 7 
pr e^ 
de 8 

s s 1 g 
d 41 
ma i 

emp t 
d on 
u e a 


i ng 

or t 

he '.-.■ 


ou I e 
nd D 

o ot 
f 4 I 
i ng 

e I ega t e 
Con ven 
i ng to 

(Ti a i n t a 
nd I 2X 
n f r o n t a 
p e r i rn e t 
Bou 1 ev 
o the C 
d on t h 
s e b u se 
est s i d 
er 2 mo 
ee t , f o 
n o n - d e I 
del ega 
vard an 
ade Bou 
Three p 
to keep 
eet , e s 
her F.H 
gates b 
p I a toon 
1-1 i a m i B 
e they 

s w 
s , 

t io 


I n i 






e n 

s h 

e o 


rm i 



d A 



t r 


y b 

s o 


n to 
p a I 
ng t 



e n t i 
ad b 
f Me 
bu se 
ng a 
, bu 
I ton 
af f i 
ia I I 
p I a 
ma k 
I oc k 
f F. 
h Hi 
Id b 



: s 



a r 


■ P. 
> S 

g to attempi 

d been made 

I with 

tes open 

a1 es: 

t and 

es e po i n t s , 

de all of 


rem as far 

of the 
towed into 
an A V e n u e 
uld be usrd 
id barrio;:. 

were used t< 
d, Dade 
23 Street, 
t er i es 
ong P i ne 
s w ere 

t roopers 
c hoo 1 at 
adi ly 

In additioa, the following adjustments io personnel ass'-^nmer-.ts 
Mere made to compensate for the expected change in the ^empo of 
the demonstrations. Twelve Miami .jnits wore a s s t vtiIT&n. t o 


1972 (coHTir, uec) 

the or 
p reveri 
del eon 
in -nar 
L i n c o I 
a r)c3 f r 
p e r s o ,'r 
bw- b-3 
A t J . > r, 
Bou 1 ev 
se<ijr e 

c a d e s i 
t trash 
tos try 
ion. F 
ked car 
n IRoad 
o m Flam 
ne 1 w i I 
of abo 
r r i c a d e 
acad, D 
a rd and 
d the 3 


a n 
:al I 

t 2 






de C 
1 P. 
I I ed 
en e 
ch o 
I eva 
eet . 



,'1 t 





i n 


f t 




n o n - d 
p sou 
h e Co 
ty Pu 
rno 1 
t van 
e Flo 
at 2 
, On 
and V.' 
ame a 
i dged 

e 1 o 
n ve 
b I i 
o rm 
da 1 
r i d 
e s 

ou nd 
nt i o 
c Sa 
en w 
i sm 
a an 

at io 
i ng t 

A I 
n C 
f -t 
G '-e 
d F 

rf i 
ns : 
h W 

na r 


y D 

a s 

I I 

■ D 

as sect 
oad open 
X f ron t 
a r 1 m e r. t 
gne d to 
V/ a t G r F i 
d e d up i ,1 1 o 

assigned t 

e Bou I e va r d 
e, and' Dade 
Fish personnel 

■ or 
• -it 

' 'i p u t i e s 
/ ^ t ro I The 
go i ng to 
h i s s i &.- 

nan the 
a nd 

Responsibility for perimeter integrity was also changed somewhat. 
Mlrimi P.O. was assigned to the fence from Gate IX up to, but not 
including. Gate 9X. P.S.D. will take from Gate9X to v,here the 
fence reaches Meridian Avenue, and Miami P.O. will pick op the 
ienoTh of Meridian Avenue, behind the bus barricade, to Collins 
Canal. Miami Beach P.O. retained responsibility for the north 
perimeter along Collins Canal. 

of the Convention 
e X a b i I i t y . 

erelict buses irito 

All 33 bjses were in 
efore news of this 
f. ampsite, causing 
egates previous ulcns 

to be held to discuss 
uled, but '^.D.S. 
that new p'ans be 
i Itrators. 

Demons tra tions had been unofficially scheduled for the front of 
Kev York Governor Rockefeller's headquarters hotel, the Deauville, 
6701 Collins Avenue, Miami Beach. Consequently, at 10:70 A. M., 
FJorida Highway Patrol platoon 23 was pro -positioned wi'.hin the 
fiotsl. However, rhe demonstration faile.l to material izr/ as planned 
and at 12:15 P. M, the troopers returned to their stagir;g area 
within the Complex. 

Florida Highway Patrol platoons 19, 20, 21, 22, 24, 25 and 26 • 
were all within the CompJ ex and ready by 10:40 A. M., and 5 minutrs 
later Dado County P.S.D. platoons 2, 3, A and 5 reported ready 
for duty. Miami Beach P.O. personnel relieved Florida G^sme and 
Fresh Water Fish personnel at the perimeter gates, and £. t 11:09 
A. M., Miami Soach platoon i^l reported t'ley \^ere ready. Miami P.O. 
platoons 12, 13 14 and IB arrived on the Coinplox at \ \ : ',^—\ M. 
after rendezvousing in Miami. 


wa s 

the po 1 

ice s t 

r a 




e las 

t day 



t i n u e d e 

m p h a s i 


on a rb i 

t ra t 

ion and f 1 

At 6 


A . M . , 3 


:; be 

ga n 




the d 


- al 

o n .J the 

west cur 

1. of 

Mer i 

d i 

an A V 

■'.- n ij e . 

pos i t i on 

at 8:15 

A. M. 



i t 


not 1 

o n g b 

deployment nade 

Its w a 


1 o t 


r 1 


i ngo 


great confusion 

and sp 


vj- 1 a 7 

i on 

The non-del 



t h w a r t e 

d and 

new .T. e e t i 



wou 1 d 




. An 1 1 

A. M. 





•i c h 6 d 

acsd A 1 1 i 

c a B r i g a 

de rep 



a t i 


s ugg e 



i n 

secret b 


• o 

f ■ poss i 

b 1 


po 1 i c 

e inf 


■ day, 23 Aocust, |_9 7 2 ( co---J-J . n 'j ad ) 

A nee 
The a 
He S'j 
A V e n u 
and a 
p e r F ri 
A vnrtu 
for t 
dec i d 

ting wa 
off ice 
f o r e n e n 
s t ed by 
gges t ed 
e be mo 
d d I t i o n 
ng ton C 
s t e r an 
e open 
he dele 
9d that 

s c 
1 io 
a I 
oii r 
d a 
i on 


r a n k i 
ried pi 
e of f I 
at t he 

t at W 
I low t 
m Dado 
es . S 
was I 
I men 

I n T 
ng s 
an w 

be u 
a sh i 
he M 


K ! a m 
erv i s 


a rr i c 
d to 
Ion A 
mi f o 
va rd 

ses s 

i Beach Pol ice Chief's '"oi-inand 
ors of all participatlnj agencies, 
ussed aid accepted with one chance 
ge of the Miami police :onting<int, 
ode at Cade Boulevard a.d Vi'ashing' 
Avenue Io just south of Gate 2X, 
block o1 f 20 and 21 Str-ets and 
venue. This would extend the 
rce in that area to keep Washingtc 
to Gate 2X, providing a third gate 
tional buses were obtained and 

into the overall plan. It was 
hould be in position at 2 P. K. 

t I I 
ar ty 
n [ 7 


I ttiO 
nd --3 
o f us 
nd t 
er r 

i th 
nd i 
u t 1 o 

1 s b 
o I i c 

: 3 5 A . M . , 
( f o r (t o r I y 
Street and 
City Ordi n 
lined up ou 
ugh all twe 
nder wore a 
i ka . A K I a 
d V I sed him 
©d to remov 
ra nsported 
nder was re 
e a d i n g "Flu 
shington Av 
st ration Ar 
ent I y took 
no u nde re 1 o 
i f t e d the b 
cks to them 
end of "the 
manner. He 
u ttocks to 
e officers, 
stratlon ar 

12 memb 
the A m e 

Euc I id 
a nee wh 
ts i de t 
I ve we r 

Nazi i 
m I Sea c 
of the 
Q the K 
to the 
(Ti o V o d f 
sh Inte 
e n u e , t 
e a . W h 
excsp ta 
ack of 
. He t 

I i no o 

then w 
t hem a 

The N 
ea at I 

er s of 
r i c a n N 

Avenu e 
i ch for 
he f e nc 
e In Na 
n s I g n I a 
h Po I i c 
city or 
a z I Ins 
po I ice 
rom the 
g r a t i o n 
hen nor 
i I e' the 
nee to 
he turn 
the rob 
hen low 
f N'a z i s 
a I ked b 
third t 
a z i s ro 

P. M. 

a z i 

e an 
: a 
e of 
d i na 
Ign i 

th o 
y -..e 
t h e i 
ed h 

3 to 

a nd 

! me . 
1 1 ed 

Nat Io 



d i sp 

d sto 

y pe u 

red a 

f i c I a 


a . H 

ion f 

ne., t 

d IT-, a r 

n '.',' a s 

re s t 

r ban 

i s ba 

hi s 



to th 


up t 

out f 

na I See '< 
) a r r i vf 
s t ra te i 
lay of c 
od qu i e" 
n i f orm, 
r m b a n d 1 
I apprcc 
tut the 
e w as pi 
or boo k i 
he grou; 
cfied G a ! 
h i n g t o n 
a n d i n g " 
n e r . V.' ( 
c k t o w c r 
waist, ( 
robe a nc 
ated t hi; 
e first 
was arrt 
heir b a I 
u r t h e r i 

a I i 
•d a 
on 1 
lea r 
■; n e 
un i 
I u n 
. t o 
Av n 
lar i 
d t 

nc i 

st Wh 

t CO.T, 

ns t a 
at pa 
y the 
i ng a 
d the 
t CO.r 
d u nd 
Af t 
f ij r I e 
n 1 7 
ue to 
e , a 
ng a 
he .'.'a 
I ked 
p o s u r 
i t i o n 
d by 

i te 
p I ex 
;Ai a 
i ns i 

r a de 

u n i 

b 1 a 

u n i 

r.o n G 

■; r a 

Peop I c 

e r t 
d a 
S t |- i 

b lac 
z i s , 
h i s 
to t 
e i n 

M i e m 

m I 

gn i a . 

rest . 


t comma,' 

r r e s t 
large b " 

k ma I a 


bent o ', 




Shortly after noon it was noticed that fire hydrants In the area 
of the Complex had been tampered with and many of the caps were 
loose. The Miami Beach Fire Department was notified and the 
area checked. Some 14 caps were found to have been iocsaned nostly 
on tfashlngton and Meridian Avenues. They wore tightened and 3 
hydrant wrenches were borrowed from the Fire Depart;r.Gnt and 
Issued to police supervisors patrol ing In the sraa of the Complex. 

As 2 P. M. apprcach3d, men and material began to assum.e their 
assigned positions. At i:54 P. M., P.S.O. platoon 27 D-.-gan their 
patrol of the Lincoln Road Mall. Two derelict bu:-es were towed tc 
17 Street and Mi.;ridlan Avenue and at 1: 57 P. M. were in position, 
closing off Meridian Avenue to northbound traffic. At r- P. M. 
Florida Gems and Fresh Water Fish personnel wera roused at tiieir 
hotel and called back to the Complex after only 3 hour s^- i '>t . 


■&^r.<?sdcv, ?3 Aucust, 1972 (ccntinued) 

By 2:15 P- M., F.H.P. Iroopers wore in position. Platocns 19 end 
20 had the assignment of keeping the hotel entrances cl'zar, while 
platoons 21, 22 and 23 undertook to keep open the routes irom 
hotel row to the Convention Complex. Platoons 24, 25 ar.d 26 
were held in reserve at the Miami Beach High School parking lot. 

At 2:30 P.M., 3 derelict buses were towed into position across 
V.'ashington Avenue at 20 Street and northbound traffic was detoured 
at 17 Street, leaving from 17 to 20 Strr.etsclear of traffic for 
the non-del c-gates. 

At 2:51 P. M., one of the scouts reported that about 100 non- 
delegates had straggled out of Flamingo Park in groups of two's 
and three's, some wearing back-packs. The other scouts were asked 
to watch for any build-up of non-delegates around intersections. 
Up to this time, the only officers on t f e perimeter were the 
Miami Beach officers assigned to each gate, but. because tfie non- 
dolegates were beginning to stir, Miami and P.S.D. each sent a 
small number of rrien out to the fence as a precaution. 

Mlani P.O. p 


oo ns 

were ass 

i g n ed as 




f rom Dadfe ■ 

Bou 1 

evard to 


te 2X 

in the 

street be 

h T r 

d the 


; n ' 

4 , . i ns i d 



perimeter f 

e n c e , 

f rom Ga 

te 2X to 


e 3X; 

# 13, 

f re 

m Gate 3 


to C 

ate 5X; 



oon 1 2 f 

rom Gate 


up to 



P 1 a toon 


on Ker I d 


Avenue beh 1 n 

d the bus 


r r i ca 

de , pi 

a tof 

n 15 was 

ass i 

gned to 

f lu 

Id patrol In 

section 4 

, z'. 

n d pi 

a toon 

17 was used 


reserve for 

p 1 a 


12, 13 

and i 4. 


3 P. 

M . , P . 


p 1 atoons 

a nd 

5 were reported 

in posit 

ion along 


e per 

i m, e t e r 


wean Gat 





e n u e . 


p 1 a toons 


and 3 

had 3 s s 'J r 

ed posit 


a 1 on 

g the Li 


1 n Ro 

ad Ma 1 1 , 




of f' e r 

i da r 



p 1 a toon 

3 •.^• 

est o 

f Meridi 

an Avenue 


cons 2 

, 3, 

and 27 


i ned in 


I t i on 

along t 

he Ma 1 1 , 


i t \.- 

as up 

to t 

he conma 


f icer of eac 

h o 

g e ncy 

with pe 

r i m e t e r r 


ons i b 

i 1 i ty 

io oeiermine 


of his 



d 2 p 1 o y e 

d along t 



at an 

y one t i ir, e . 


prev i ous 


1 i ste 

d platoon respons 

1 bi 

1 1 t I es were 



dep 1 

oyfT.ent . 



At 3:32 P. M., non-delegates were seen checking the buses along 
Weridian Avenue, and officers at Dade and Alt.on reported seeing a 
sizeable group of non-delegates in their area. About noon, a sccu' 
had seen V.V.A.W. members bringing 6 bundles of burlap bags into t ; 
park, and now several people were seen leaving the park with these 
bags apparently full of sand. Reports were also received that 
some of the non-delegates had bolt cutters, apd officers on the 
Ccmplex perimeter were alerted. Several scouts reported seeing 
non-delegates with a red panel wagon moving around between the p ; •" • 
and the Cc.v.plox, distributing nightsticks to other no,--det-!jgat es . 


( c O n T i r, 'J fc d ) 

Other d emorist ra lor s v/ere sc-c-n walking tcward the Ccn.p 1 e x carry inq 
gas masks and wearing protective hcl/oetf. 

oggle out of Flarair jo Pa'-k were wal^in^ around 

grfups were circM'ig th.e Comp!. 
ursing at officers on the 

flew of non-delecj. tes into 
some of, them were "leen 
k i n f; V.' a s h i n g t o n A v o n u e . 
ami n go Park together end heed ad 

walked through the park and 
en 700 and I 000' non-de I ega tes 


e 1 ega tes 

were con 

t i fiU 

i nq 

to str 

t n sina II g rou 

p s . A . n u m t' e r 



on t h 

e L i n c o I 

n Road l-'a 

1 1 w 

hi 1 

e' other 


of -their 

in o rn b e /■ S 

ta u n 

t 1 n 

g and c 



had a 1 so 

been a 


the N' 

orth Demonstration Ar 




inq the 

tires on 


buses b loc 

At A: 

I8>. M. 

, a group 



left Fl 



the CompI 


One scout 

OS t i m 

ated tha 

t t h G r e V, 


on 1 

y b e t w 


In the c 

amps i te a 

t th 

i s 

t i rTi e . 

Word was received at 4:30 P, M, that about 150 members of the V.V. 
were not going to participate in tonighr's defno ns t r a t i ons , but 
were going to leave for Gainesville at 5:30 P. M. in order to 
support their indicted leaders who would be standing trial there. 

Several small groups of non-delegates had gathered 
and Meridian Avenue until now there were about 50 p 
At 4:34 P. M. the group started moving north on Mer 
behind the buses, toward Dade Boulevard. One of th 
to loosen the cap on the fire hydrant at 18 Street 
Avenue. The group moved down 18 Street to Jefferso 
then north on Jefferson Avenue to the canal. ' Sever 
entered the water and attempted to swim along the c 
fence of the Complex, but they were seen by officer 
the bridge at Dade Boulevard and Meridian Avenue an 
from t he a rea . 

at 17 Street 

eop 1 e there. 

idian Avenue, 

e group tried 

and /•' e r i d i a n 

n Av enue and 

al of the grou 


anal to the r.o 

r . 

s as they rejc 

'r. c- 

d were d i s p 5 1' •; 


Ko re non-delegates had gathered at 17 Street and Meridian Avenue, 
one appeared to be tripping out and was causing a disturbance, 
while several others were using paper soaked in gasoline in an 
attempt to set fire to the buses blocking the avenue until 
dispersed by officers,. A fire unit responded, but damage was 

sat i s 
and d 
de I eg 
requ i 
hand I 

sti I I 

ri ft 

of t 
P. M. 
red r 
cd by 

ers a 
ry ne 

i n p 
wea r i 
he of 

ap i d 

a no 

oj t I c e r s_ c 
^ ' rout i ne c i 

_s s J g n 
"ty pa 

w p I 
rog r 

ng P 
d th 
f i ce 

po I i 
+ .P.r 

iro 1 

a ns . 
e Co 
rs s 
o ch 
ce r 
e_v i o 
o of 

y st i 

at 4: 
ct i ve 
tat io 
a nged 
e spon 
us 1 y 



had not been able to formulate 
ngs had been going on all day and 

P. M. Small groups carrying nap- 
lothing continued to leave the park 
n Complex. Up to this time the no.-.- 
rt, limited themselves to verbal 
d on the Complex perimeter, but at 
nd incidents began to occjr which 

'■[any_p_i. .these J nc i d ent s were 
ntioned contingent of _M i aoi .. Seach 
crowd controj , and by officers on 
signed "^o convent ion-rel 5J_e~^ data! 1 s , 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 


V'' e d r. c 5 (3 a y , 2 3 August, 197? ( c o r. 7 i n u e d ) 

s + 
i n 

a n 


S f 
d i 

vcral non-del c- 

197 5 Washingt 
reet be I ow . A 
V.A.W. Shi rt a 

Jefferson Ave 
' ^he crea of 2 
row i ng roc ks a 
I ega t es put a 
others pushed 
'J Collins Aviin 
'jr. cade at Oade 
I I i ns Canal, b 
"a. At 23 Str 
rs stopped for 

4:52 P. M., a 

Dade Boulevar 
to 400 left 
is t i me . A gr 

ove rt u rn an a 
rge "dumpster" 
other group wa 
reet and Park 

300 peop I e I e 
scouraQe non-d 

Oa de Bou 1 eva r 
at half of the 

put on foot p 
ree t . The o th 
e a rea around 
lit i ne pat ro I o 
e non-d o I ega t e 

2a t es 
on Av 
t 4 : 4 
s sa u I 
n u e ■. 
3 Str 
nd t r 
ba r ra 
and p 
ue . 

nou I 
ut th 
eet a 


g rou 
d and 
F I ami 
oup o 
u torr.o 

s see 
Ave nu 
ft th 
e I ega 
d, th 

a t ro I 
er ha 
20 St 
f f ice 

e nue 
5 P. 
ted s 

eet a 
ash b 
Co e 
ul led 
Anot h 
eva rd 
ey we 
nd Co 
traf f 
p t ha 

ngo P 
n 21 
age c 
n let 
e. A 
e par 
tes f 
e Mia 
P. tr 

a I on 
I f of 
ree t ■ 
r s w i 

t h 
a h 

Co ! I 
■ on 


s A 
i gh 
d b 


i ne 

d m 
rom the 
mi Beac 
g Dade 

this F 
and Par 
th the 


p i e 
op I e 
s Av 

a. id 

a 1 1 e 
n Ro 
nd d 
nue , 
n St 
SS m 
ea de 
St o 
in t 


u I e V 
• P. 
A ven 
sh o 



I ca 
ta s 
f P 

o the 
g thin 
e i nd i 

I 7 St 
i a n 'i r 
e and 

St r e G 

at Pa 
to- 'the 
ed to 
by s w i 
n-de I e 

the a 
i ng by 
r i sts . 

w a r d 
e y the 
a u tomo 
econd ■ 
st on 
ua I at 

1 Comm 
f rom 

k fore 
to ass 
rob I em 

r oo f c 
g s o f 1 
reet i 
af f ic 
some < 
ts. ! 
r k A v( 

st ret 
get ar 
mm i ng 
f rom 1 
i r oi 

- A I i 
the Cc 
ton A\ 
n t u r r 

of tf 
bi I e 1 
g roup 
I 4 Sti 

e was 
i s t f-'l i 
s ba i r 

i the 


■v ear 
•d ra 

ad i 
! the 

• u e , 
I- at 
3u nd 
3C res 
le wa 
\ of 
IX mo 
"Se g 
r.p I ex 
; n ue 
;d ov 
; str 

)f f r 

to g 
"eq ue 

iep 1 o 
im i S 

i ng 
n no 
m we 
I r.o 
22 S 

r o 


5 or 
the bus 

t er and 
t i res , 
rou p 

er a 
eet . 
at 2 
om 2 

et north 
s t ed 





g Cc 

y e d 



oo I 



/ /■ 

Various groups o-f— them were'-using news stands, benches, garbage 
cans, etc., td^ obstruct traffic^on Collins Avenue from 16 Street nor; 
to about 24 S t reef,'^"nd Tntel^lgence reports indicated they intended 
to go as far north as the Doral Beach Hotel at 48 Street. Some 
hadinfiltrated over to Pine Tree Drive where disturbances were 
■reported until F.H.P. was dispatched to alleviate them. Delegates 
v/ere advised to traverse the Prairie Avenue route south from 

At 5:03 P. M., 3 more large groups came out of the campsite. They 
^tretched from Lincoln Road and Washington Avenue almost back to 
thepark, which wasnowempty. » 

Although buses were used to block certain streets around the Corrplc-x, 
ordinary wooden barracades were used to block other streets such as 
tnose side streets leading into the North Demon st ra t i or. Area. 
A"l 5:05 P. M., it was found that soroe non-delegates ha'.- removed the 
barricades ar 19 Street and V.'as h i ngton \venue and were oirecting f. 
unsuspecting motorists onto Washington Avenue where th-:. cars v.ou '. d -^ 
bci surroundad and beat, upon by other non-delegates. Groups contir.'-:G 
t^ .^arass tha officers assigned to the Complex f ence, m'.st I y with 
vortal abuse but several empty coke cans wen a thrown a -i^^^ v e r a I 


■■c ) 

were seen picking up rocks at 17 Slreot .ind I'.cridian Avnue. 
Other groups kept up their disruptive to-; tics along Col! ins Avenue 
primarily from 16 "lo 23 Streets. Vandalizing cars and -hrowing 
objects into the street, they dispersed -vhen a police c ;-r appeared 
only to reappear as soon as the car was 'Jent elsewhere. 

At 5:07 P. M., a motorcycle was pushed over on 20 Street 
near Park Avenue and two motor nr.or. ..ere reported to bo surrounded 
by 'lo'.'io ns t r a t ors . A squad from Miami platoon' 18 responded and 
OS •. i s t o d the officers. One mo t o r m a n had b e e n i n j u r e d and was 
^r.lrlr. ported to the hospital for treatment. 

A1 '/ \ Street and Collins Avenue, o Metro bus v/as given a flat and 
held lo be assisted through traffic. A group of non-delegates made 
1h°ir way to the foot bridge at 24 Street and Collins Avenue leading 
OVLT to Pine Tree Drive, only to find it had been guarded by Game 
.jnd Fresh VJater Fish personnel, as w&ro all three 'foot bridges 
i n the area. 

As the non-delegates continued their tactics along James, Park and 
Collins Avenues from 19 to 23 Streets, a prisoner van was sent to 
that area to be at the disposal of the F.H.P. personnel patrol ing 
there . * . . 

At 5:15 P. M., a large number of non-delegates were reported on the 
second deck of the (■lunicipal Parking Lot opposite the Complex on 
17 Street. They were reportedly bothering the police scouts staTlo:.6 
there, and thro v/ ing things at the officers on the Complex. 
P.S.O. platoon 2 7 was dispatched to the parking lot and they 
"sv;ept" the area clear of demonstrators. Demonstrators continued 
their disruptive tactics along Collins Avenue. At 5:20 P. M., tna 
F.H.P. troopers on patrol along Gaoe Boulevard \.'ere put back in 
their cars and sent to asslist the other half of that Task Force 
in clearing up Collins Avenue. The one prisoner van sent earlier 
was now full and 2 additional vans were sent to the area. Several 
prisoner vans were also sent to Pine Tree Drive around 28 Street 
where F.H.P. platoons 21,22 end 25 had rounded up a number of the 
rtor. -delegates v/ho had been blocking traffic and harassing motorists 
along Pine Tree Drive. 

The National Guard had been monitoring the po I ice tactical 
and because of the large number of trashing incidents and 
wide area over which th^y were occurring, at 5:21 P. M. th 
Infantry Unit 2/124 or> "red "a lert and their 1/115 and 2/ 
Artillery units on "Yellow" alert. ("Rc-a" alert indicatin 
minute response time and '"Yellow" alert indicating a 30 mi 
response time). _ 

At 5:24 P. M., the d ■inion s t r a t o rs erected their own blqc'-ag 
■.across V.'ashington Avenue just south of 20 Street. The Tev 
hundred who had been gathered in the North Demon s t ra t i O" A 
moved out onto the Avenue and lined up the burlap bags !ul 
ijntil they extended from curb to curb. Tha non-de I ega tj^'^ 

(■Qok up positions on the south side of their harr\caC/7 




19 7 2 ( c o .'. 7 

tUroi '< r\g things at the police behind the fence, 

At T 

: 26 P. M., <0 or 50 uenonstrotors entered the canal at .V ich- 

i, gaf 

'^venue and attempted to make their way up to the n-.r-'h oer- 

; -^o t 

?.'* fence, but they wore discouraged 5y a couple of .ell ;!=-•-;; ^ 


■•ball" teargas cirenades. At 5:28 P. M., 2 no re pri Grrsr vans 


sent to 20 Street and Park Avenue et the request o-' the F.H.?. 

tr<". ■ 

lers in that aroa. An e s t i iT.a ted 300 to 500 d eir.o n s t ■ a tor s 


Moved out of this ar(2a and v/ere goin^ north on Col 1 -ns Avenue 

to ■! 

1-; Fonta i neb I eou Hotol, vandalizing 'zars as they went. A 

heJ i 

opter was asked to <jo to 26 Street and Collins Avenue and 


t on the movements of this group as it had apparently 

sp 1 i 

' up, some going up Indlon Creek Drive and some going up Colllr 


■'.. F.H. P. platoons 19 and 20 were sent to 36 and Collins to 


p' these groups south. When the F.H. P. units arrived the srr.all 


• of demonstrators on Indian Creek Drive ran over to Collins 


;e to join the larger group. Using gas and making arrests as 


could, the F.H-.P, troopers pushed the demonstrators back 


id 23 and Collins. At 30 Street and Collins Avenue the mob 

Of .• 

■:mons t ra tor s broke up and many ran toward the beach and into 

i'i to try to evade the troopers, but a number were apprehended 


1 van was dispatched to pick up the prisoners. At 5:59 P. M. 

Z. in- 

f o prisoner vans wore sent as arrest-, continued. . T'-.o (.-.ore 

Wt»1 :. 

'>ent at 6:02 P. M., making six in ai|. 


09 P. M., a large group tried to crash Gate 6X. Gas was 
•jquad from Miami platoon 12 was sent as reinforcement. 


; jt es , ag 

a i n 

on the s 

eco n 

d d 

eck of the 

'•' u n i c 

i pa 1 

? a r k i n g 


o t , 


• J r ded the 

of f 

i ce r s w i 

th s 

tones and other obj 

ect s 

P. S.D 


• .-in 27 cl 


d the 1 o 

t of 




second t 

i I.', 



-.t 5:5 1 P 

. M. 

the gat 

e wa s r 

eopened , 


ding thomselve 

s unable 



north to th 

e hot 

el area, the 



t i n ued t 

o se 

t u 

p road blocks an 

d va 

n da 1 i z e 

C c 



und 20 and 





k Avenue. 

Us i ng 

i ce 

picks and 


•IS, they 

pu nc 

htured and s 

1 as 

hed tire^ on numerous cars. 



• ■•jate bus 




i TS 

tires were 

f lat 

te ne 

d . Severa 



onstra tors 

1 i f ted the 



the engine 


artiTient and 




-et fire t 

o th 

e engine 



pulling out 



the w i r i 


Of 1 

i--€rs who 

attempted to 

a I d 


3 delegates 


pe 1 

ted with 


OC k 



were Qomp 

el 1 e 

d to use 

mace t 

i disperse 

the d 



11 o 1 Ice mo 


y c 1 e was 



ally dl sabi 

ed wh 

en a 

d emon s t 






spark pi 

ug w 

i r( 

s, and a 6- 


ol d 

child re 


i r; 



i ca 1 at ten 

t i on 

after b 



ruck by one 

of t 

he roc ks . 

Oei:iorist ra tor s continued to hara;3 delegates trying to enter the 
complex, shouting obsenitles atithem, throwing rocks, sticks, pa,'ir 
so.tI-. ed in red dye, and physical. »y restraining them. At 6:03 P. <■'. , 
2 t. quads of officers ware sent ojitside Gi;te 4X to assist delegatiS 
through the non-delegates. 

At 5:52 P. M., 6 non-delegates •jere arrer.ted at 2142 N. 3ay Foad 
af !or being caught running thrc/igh the area throwing ^TJcTxi^a^t ho. 


-e ) 

Other deir.onstrators 
for the traffic ligh 
in anattempt to sta 

The non-delegates a I 
aria at 6:16 P. M.,t 
F.H.P. person nel not 
flui^J patrol from 21 
oevoral prisoner van 
Tactical Commander r 
a I oo patrol-the area 
uation tf. ere was imp 
tliey left the area a 
a "dumpster" and set 

at Ciade and Alton wi-re approa 
ts and forcing potalos up the 
II the cars and block traffic 

ong Collins Avenue continued 
he Tactical Ccmmandirr request 

assisting v.ith the arrests b 

to 23 Streets in the area of 
s were also request r.-d. At 6: 
equested that Miami's mobile 

of 21 Street and Collins Ave 
roving, but the demonstrators 
nd at 21 Street and Park Aven 

It on fire. 

ch i 


-;ars stoppe 


i r 


c:ust pi pes 



a p ro b 1 em 




e i n 

9 <■ 

ode begin 


1 1 i 

ns Avenue. 



M . , the 

p i a 

toon 15 

n (je 


The s i t - 


trashing as 



turned ove 


Still monitoring our tactical frequency, at 6:25 P. (•1.,the 
Nitional Guard had changed the status of their 1/ I 16 and 2/1 16 
Artillery units from "Yellow" to "red" alert. 

By 6 



m: , th 

e a rea o 

f 23 through 21 


reets on C 

o 1 1 

i n 

s Ave 





lea red 

of demonstrators, and 

o n 



i c 

1 e w h 





i sa b 1 e 

d and surrounded by non 


legates at 



^ re % t 

S' ' 

cm i 

i ns 


d been 


d. Most of the 

demonstrators 1. 


r u r. 






had been 

arrested, but 

st 1 

II t he va n 

da 1 

i Z 

i ng a 


ho ra s sm en t 

cont i 

n u ed . A 

group at 18 St 


t and Co 1 1 

i n s 



W J 5 

p p r o h 



cars and they 

were arrested 


v; h 

i le 



for the 

pr i soner 

van, reports wore 







p ha 


trf f ic 


at 17 Street near 

James A v e n li o 


nd wa 


t Triri 

h i ng 


car t 

here. A 

s the troopei's 

n.oved down to 








em the 

t r a s h i n 

g' bega n again b 

o t w 

sen 23 and 




s on 

Cot 1 

i ns 

Av s n ue . 

And so 

it continued. 


dozens of 

sma 1 

1 groups 

w i th 


i r 

hi t a 

n d run t 

echniques kept 


off i c e r s 



e mov 

Q ^ 

At Lincoln Road and Collins Avenue, a group ofabout 50 

d eraonstr a tor s were marching In the st'"eet and blocking traffic. 

Turning right, they marched west on Lincoln Road toward the ''all. 

When officers from P.S.D. platoon 2 moved forward to clear them out 

of _tha street, one of the non-delegates threw agas grenade at iUe 


At 5:54 P. M., Col I ins Avenue was clear of demonstrators north of 
18 Street and the Miami cars of platoon "16 were asked by the 
Tactical Commander to concentrate their patrol south of 18 Street. 
f.H.P. continued to made arrests on Pine Tree Drive and, prisoner 
vans were rsquested at 35 and 28 Streets. 

As Collins Avenue '.vas swept clear, problems increased in Intensity 
around the Coir.plex. About 500 demonstrators convergc-d -"^ t 17 Street 
and James Avenue and marched down 17 Street, bringing traffic to a 
halt. At 7:05 P. M . , the crowd completely surrounded 2 bus loads 
of delegates attempting to get Into tha Complex at Gat_&__9Xj 


V. e g r 'y s c c y , 

■3 Aucuct, l<:'72 (coQtinued) 

w i 


d r 


to c 

0. plotoon A was serit out into 
5 and assist tho delegates into 
rocks while helping the delega 
n to the hospital for treatment 
ate 9X, about 150 demonstrators 
nd blocking it co/npletely. A t 
n open gate, slowly rr.ade its v/a 
er apparently becarrie unnerved 
tors and their banging on his c 
I-iem and injured them slightly. 
ander requested that half of P. 
I ear the gates . 

Meanwhile, a large crowd estimated at a bou ti 1 OOQXdenions t r ^ to r s h^d 
galhered on Collins Avenue between 19 and 2 I "^-Srfree t s . A sourid 
truck set up by the demonstrators in iUc North Defrions t r ^ t i on Areb 
liod been urging the non-delegates to begin "direct action" nov/ ara 
tolling them to go to Collins Avenue "where the action ij". 
K.M.P. units 21, 22 and 23 were assigned to sweep the C emons t r 5 tc r s 
south to 18 Street. Platoons 19 and 20 were still engaged i n 
n-,.T.-s arrests procedures at 30 Street and Collins Avenue and 
r -J quested 2 more prisoner vans. 

At 7:42 P. M., smoke was seen coming from the direction of Dade 
Boulevard and Meridian Avenue. Someone had set fire to a shade- 
providing structure on the southwest corner of Bayshore Golf 
Cource. The Fire Department was notified and the fire '.-as 
quickly ext i nghu i sh ed . ■ 

At 7:24 P. M., P.S.D. platoon 27 began Its swoe? of 17 Street. 
F.H.P. was notified and dispatched several units to 17 Stree'^' sni 
Wa^ihington Avenue. As the non-delegates were swept int :< that 
intersection by the P.S.O. deputies, the troopers pusheJ "the grouo 
south down V.'ashington Avenue. V/hen 17 Street had been cleared, a 
line of officers remained across it on the west side of V.'ashington 
Avenue to keep the demonstrators from filling it ud aga'n. Some 
of the demonstrators climbed to the upper level of t^le l^unicioal 
Parking Lot and started damaging vehicles parked there. A gas 
launcher was used to fire tear gas projectiles onto the lot and 
the demonstrators were dispersed. 

At 7:40 P. M., the final session of the Republican National Con- 
vention was called to order, only 10 minutes behind the posted 
schedule in spite of the non-delegates efforts to close it do'.vo. 

Several hundred non-delegates were gathered around a sound truck in 
the North Demonstration Area, I Istening to speeches. A large 
group had attempted to turn over one of '~he buses at 20 "Street and 
had been repulsed through the use of mace. Now they I i'.tened to 
-David Del linger, one of the Chicago ?, as he tried to got them to 
'join their fellow demonstrators at 20 Street and Co I I i n-^^ii^nue. 




19 7? ( c o .-, t i n ij e (i ) 

Small bonds of non- de I eco■^ es were all aiong V.'a sh i ng -f on Avenue from 
17 to 19 Streets. Staying out of range of the Mark-7 rjce can- 
isters, they threw curses, rocks, stickr, potatoes, M-fcO fire- 
crac^ers, pieces of pipe and other assorted items at t^■.- police 
behind the perimeter fence. Occasionally a car would crive by ard 
divert their attention to it for a few r.-. inutes. They v^uld '-alk 
in front of it, climb on it's hood, curr. e the driver er.doccu pan's, 
banij on it, and flatten or attempt to flatten its tires. V/hen Tfe 
car passed, their harassment of the officers, would conlinue. 

At 7 : 5Z_P ,_M . ], .J-_hey^ bega n to f i I I 17 Street and Washington Avenue O^ 
eqa i n , Q) I ock i nq trjf^fjj^and throwing things at the officers on 17 
Street ano'^wpfhin the Ccnplex. F.H.P. platoons 19 and 20 were 
refju'.-st ed by the Tactical Commander to sweep the intersection and 
pusti the demonstrators south on Washington Avenue, not letting 
thorn go east to Col 1 ins Avenue. The troopers pushed the demon- 
stralors continued south from There. 

The 'lound truck in thaNorth Demonstration Area had been calling 
to the demonst r a tors, telling them to come into the area if they did 
not want to be gassed or arrested, and reminding them that these 
3re=i5 were put there for them to demonstrate in. At 8 P. M., there 
werr; about 300 people thsre, and the sound truck was attracting 
mo''o. Father Groppi addressed the assembly, telling them that 
they were in charge, not the police, and t hey would call the 
s hb t s ton i g ht . 

A build-up of non-delegates was reported at 17 Street and 
Avenue, end reports were received of cars being trashed an 
beino harassed. Also, Collins Avenue was again experienci 
p rob lems. Lincoln Road end Collins Avenue were repor;tedly 
blocked with people and vehicles, and detrionstrators were c 
a.<Iisturbance in a hotel at 20 Street and Collins Avenu'?. 
pi ij loons 21, 22 and 23 ware asked to i^espond tot he Collin 
problems, and P.S.D. platoons 8 and 9, which had been stan 
at Miami International Airport in case of problems there, 
asi^ed to come to the Convention Complex to assist here. 

!■' e r i d i a n 
d d e 1 e 2 2 " 

5 U S i 

s A v« 



At 8:07 P. M., a report was received by the F.B.I, that there was 
a white Ford parked in the rear of the Convention Complex with a 
bonib in it set to go off at 8:15 P. M. Another call vsss received 
at 8:20 P. M. by the Florida Department of Law Enforcement that 
there was a bomb in the north end of the Convention site set to go 
off at 9:15 P. M. Extensive searches were conducted, but both 
calls were apparently f^lse alarms. 

Prior to the arrival of P.S.D. platoons 8 and 9, a configent of 
police partially cleared the intersection of 17 Street -ind I'.er- 
Idien Avenue, freeing the delegates being detained thero and pushi.- 
the demonstrators south and west. The d^jmonstrators pu.hod to the 
west regrouped at 17 Street and Washington Avenue and h'.aded for 
the Lincoln Road I'.a I I . When thsy reached the Ma I 1 , the;^ .-34:^0 


: :&c>i- scey , 

f u q o s t ! 9 7 2 ( c o n 1 i r, u C; C ) 

conf.onted by P.S.D. deputies stationed there and prever. ted from 
entering. Deputies reported that this group had tear cr:s equlp- 

meril which they used against the officers as they passe J through 

the '^^ I I going south on Jefferson Aveuue. Turning righr on 15 

Str''.''':t, they went to Lenox Avenue where they broke the windows 

of'tJ'e Southern Bell Telephone Company office and then '"an south 
tow .rd I 5 St reet . 

Tho I lamingo Pork compsite was quiet. Therewere about 200 
no n --Jo I eqa tes inside, listening to various speakers. 

Onc^ion Collins Avenue, the group blocking its intersection with 
I. irii-uln Road had been dispersed. The f.H.P. troopers had started 
thoir sweep at 17 Street and pushed the derionstrators south to 
IG Sireet. There, the Miami P.D. units picked up the sweep and 
moved the group down to 15 Street end off CollinsAvenue, hoping 
the non-delegates would return to Flamingo Park.. 

Gain«; and Fresh V.'ater Fish personnel had arrested 4 persons: Two 
at i*ie footbridge on 27 Street and two at the 24 Street footbridge, 
and 'J prisoner van was dispatched to pick up the prisoners. 

P.. .11. platoons 8 and 9 had arrived on the Beach at 8:30 P. M., and 
woi" now engnqed in clearing 17 Street and Meridian Avenue. S&rr.e 
of tho d<;monr. tra^or-; wonf up 17 Street into the Municip.-I Parking 
Lol they throw objects at the officers and let air out of tir^; 
of c-irs parked thero. Tear gas was used to clear the l.-t. ', eversi 
orro'.fs were nade at. Lincoln Road and Meridian Avenue a. id at 18 
Str'":".-t and f-leridian Avenue. Prisoner vans were dispatched to 
pi'-k up those prisoners. 

At f':40 P. M., another group of 50 or 60 dcr-onstrators left 
Fla "lingo Park and started harassing r.otorists on '-'eridian Avenue. 
Sevtiral in this group carried long sticks tied in bundles. They 
would use the stokcks to beat on cars. Several other smaller 
groups also left the park and Miami squed 153 was sent to survey 
the situation. When the- group saw the officers, several retreated 
back into the park. 

3etv?een 17 Street and Lincoln Road on Collins Avenue, a group of 
abou t 50 demo nstrators disabled a bus by pulling some wires loose 
in its engine compartment. They beat on the bus and' were attempting 
to turn it over when on-duty patrol units responded to the call. 
for help. The demonst i"a tor s surrounded the patrol units and 
F.H.P, troopers had to be called to disperse the crowd. 

At 0:48 P. M., there were about 500 non- delegates in thft North 
Demonstration Area. Davs Dal linger had Deon addressing them from 
the sound truck, urging a march to the Ooral beach i-lote:, 4835 
Collins Avenue. Ha proposed a peaceful .narch, without -rashing a.iJ, 
on the sidewalk so as not to interfere with traffic. T"cy would 
mcirch A abreast up Collins Avenue to the hotel and asse-'ble in fr'i'. r, 
of it on the sidewalk. At 9:02 P. M., ihe group now 3 s • i ir.a t (jd at 
, ibcr'jt 800 began to move east on 20 Street led by D.3ve €hjJJ.[ji^:^r 


( C D -. t 


and Father Groppi. The Police Tactical CoM,ir,c- nd e r requested 
certain task force units drop what they were doing arid take the 
follcwing positions: F.H.P. platoons 2^, 25 and 26 wer2 to 
patrol Collins Avenue from 23 to 4 4 Streets to prevent -res^.i-'O; 
and iViami platoon 15 was to patrol Collins Avenue from ;5 to 23 
Streets, also to prevent trashing. 

F.H.P. platoons 19 and 20 had been usinr; tear gas in tt.-:;ir 
efforts lo clear Collins Avenue and the Miami units on the per- 
imeter fence between 17 <^nd 18 Streets had also been using tear 
gos to chase away rock throwing d etnons t r a t ors . An easterly bree2( 
h.Td dTrried some of the gas up to the Convention Hal 1 itslef end 
at 8:55 P. M., the Interior Security Commander ordered that al I 
doors on the east side of the Hall be closed. At 9:06 P. M. , 
more gas had to bo used to disperse a large crowd trying to crash 
Gate 6X and this necessitated keeping the doors closed a while 

The n-.archo 
Avenue by 
promised . 
groups at 
Avenue , t h 
b I oc ks of 
to V.'a sh i ng 
Road caus i 
I 4 Street 
d o I egat es 
18 Street 
a high pre 
on in the 
by F.H.P. 
8, 9 and 2 
At 9:40 P. 
Dora I Beac 
The Po I i ce 
of the mar 
agreed not 
and to keo 
peVm it the 
The leader 
arrested a 
tent i on to 
to the arr 
that a n or 
avoid be i n 
this under 
Hotel . 

r s en 
9: 20 

20 St 
e 300 
V.'a sh i 
ton A 
ng t h 
and K 
in th 
s s ur e 
st ree 
p I a to 
7, an 

M. , 
h Hot 

ch an 

to p 
p the 

ma re 
s ^Is 
s par 

be c 
e s t s . 
dec t 
g arr 

rou t e 
P. M. , 
a I I sm 
reet a 

b lock 
ng ton 
9 ma jo 
er i d i a 
3 s t re 
east o 

f i re 
t. Th 
ons 19 
d the 
roug h I 
el w a r 
ica I C 
d cert 
erm i t 

ma rch 
traf f I 
h to c 
o s tat 
t of t 
omp I et 

o d i sp 
i ng th 

to t 

con t 
nd P 


r po 
n Av 
f V,'a 

M i a m 
y^ 80 
e ap 
a i n 
c . 

on t i 
ed t 
e I y 
er s e 
wou 1 
a ma 

e Co 
ng i 
n u ed 
rk A 
1 nco 
e , a 

i ce 
nue , 
omp I 
h i ng 
n'd o 

i ng 
n th 
he p 
u e a 
at m 
d emo 
on- V 
ca I 
wou I 

ch c 

a n I 
t o 

1 SVi 

-ob I 
he 1 y 
) n A 


e r 
am i 
i ng 


d b 
o t 
s i d 
i ce 
I on 
t o 
t r a 
I en 
e g 
I ow 

e r I ^ 
r Ic 

-; he 
St rt 
nd / 

oc k I 
uf , 
el ; 
bl er 

3 toe 

i te 
mon ; 

i n 
d be 

di i 
I k v 

)n , 



26 S 
ca t i 

I 60 
et f 
I ton 
ng M 
nd w 
s v/e 
n I 5 
et a 
en r 
r upt 
ut s 
o su 
d an 
ea V Q 
a rd 

i on 
ns , 

t hr 
om C 
t ime 
a bou 
r i d i 
s t ra 
re t 
e be 


r s e 
d Co 

w i t 
ve c 
to u 
I ned 
rs w 
re s s 
ml t 
he D 

as t 
ho we 

oug h 
ol I i 
, a n 
t 20 
an A 
u r n i 
i ng 
n rou 
I I i n 
h th 
ond ui 

se g 

i 5 he 
ed t 
d th 


o ra I 

Col I 
hey h 
ve r , 
Col I i 

I 900 
ns A V 
d I 50 
I so, 


ng it 
h a r, d I 
p 1 a to 

t e to 
3 Ave 
e 1 ea 
The I 

1 d nc 
3 s 3 n 
d to 
ef ul I 
is an 
w i s h s 


1 ri s 


e n ue 

, and 
p u I 1 e 

i rio e f 

r. ue . 


d to 
e n t , 
i n- 


d sa i 
d to 

6 n 

Anticipating having to an" est over 300 people, the Tactical Com- 
mander requested that all 8 platoons of F.H.P. troopers go to the 
Ooral Beach Hotel and stand-by. At 9:43 P. M., he requ'.-sted that 
5 prisoner vans be dispatched to Collins Avenue south cj,^'''f'Kq^Upra\ 
Seach Hotel, later changing the number to 10 vans. 



?3 August, 1972 (continued) 

MeciJiwhile, problc-ms conlinuGd at the Corip I ex . Du-mon s t r 'j t or s 
at 19 Street and V,' ashing ton Avenue were blocking cars ^.nd shooting 
objects at police with slingshots. Four squads were Colled cut 
of the Complex to sweep the arsa. 

At 9:55 P. M., the marchers hod reached 42 Street and Collins 
Avenue. Picking up stragglers ss it ino'. ed, there v,ere now 
estjmatcc: between 800 to 1000 pcOpIe In the crowd. A rnotorcycle 
officer was sent to 63 Street end Indian Creek Drive to block off 
southbound traffic loading to Collins Avenue. 

Also at 9:55 P. M., President Nixon arrived at the Convention 

C o mp lex. To limit the necessity of using any furtfier gas, Miami's 

entire task force "C", platoons 12, 13, 14 and 18 were moved out 

oni'O the west side of Vi' ashing ton Avenue. Some d eifio n s t r e t or s 

v;ere still causing problems and throwing rocks at officers on 

V.'o 5h i ng ton Avenue at- 17 Street, and these people '.vere pushed south 

on "oshington Avenue by Miami platoon 15, away from the Complex. 

r.y !0:04 P. M., the large group marching to the Doral Beech Hotel 
U'id passed 44 Street and Collins Avenue and motorcycle units were 
pyitod on 41 Street at Collins Avenue and Indian Creek Drive 
1o divert northbound traffic.' Identification equipment and 
por-oonnel to process 900 to 1000 arrestees were requested at the Co:^ 
Kyoch Hotel by the Tactical Commander.. 


A t I 
I 7 S 
tal ! 


Our i 
at t 
f lee 

; I 

- Mi 
ea I 
, a 

I ng, 

. M., a black male fired several shots wifh a hand 
mi police officers and fled north on Jarries Avenue from 
in a Chevrolet convertable. Described as being 6 feet 
y 20's, afro haircut, loncslesved khaki shirt and dark 
an r. etching his discription was seen later at Lincoln 
ashington Avenue. He ran south on \.'ashington Avenue 
ached by 3 P.S.D. deputies and 2 M, lami Beach officers, 
chase, he pulled a chrome plated revolver and pointed 
icers chasing him. Although he avoided capture, this 
covered by police after the subject dropped it while 

A-t 10:12 P. H., a group of about 150 demonstrators blocked Co 
Avonue betv;een 19 and 20 Streets and were throwing trash and 
i/inq a tax cab. Miami platoon 15 had finished its sweep of 
Str-eet and Washington and was asked by the Pol ice Tactical Co 
mander to go to 19 Street and Col I ins Avenue to ciear that ar 
They did os, making several arrests in the process. Another 
group was trashing cars along Lincoln Road between Collins an 
Ja:nes Avenues. Members of P.S.D. platoon 2 and several Miami 
Beach officers pushed the demonstrators back to Lincoln and C 
but the non-delegates vastly outn urn bored the officers and pel 
th&m with rocks. Two squads from P.S.D. platoon 27 had 1o be 
sent to assist them. • ■ 

I I i ns 
v a n d 3 1 
I 7 

o I 1 ins, 


19 7 2 Ceo 

— — 

At iO:27 P. M. 

a g r ou 

p of a 


2 00 nof. 

-delegates le 

ft Flam 

i ngo 

Park. reporte 

d I 

y car r 

y i ng c 

1 ubs 

and in 

an angry mood 

, 4 n in 

f o r ira n t 

stated they were 

go i nc 

to trash t 

he Do To 

1 Beach Hotel 


h i ng 

4 abreast, the 




on Wa 

s h i ng tc 

n Avenue and 

it look 

ed a ; 

though they wero 

head e 

d for 

the C 

o m p 1 e X ; 

but at Lin CO 

I n Road 

, they 

turned east. 

Sc/ne yo i 

n g nor 

■} h on 


Avenue and th 

e rest 

g o i n g 

Norih on Colli 

n s 

Avenue, the 

y met 


at 18 Sti-ect 

and Col 

1 i ns 

Avenue, and cent 

i nued 



i ng up 

stragglers al 

o n g the 


At the Doral B 

each Hot 

el , Co 

1 1 i ns 


was comp 1 ete 

I y blocked 

by the deponst 


tors . 

At 1 

:44 P 

. M., anorder to di 



given and riost 


f the 

demon s 

t rators e 1 ec 

ted to leave. 


250 chose to b 


a r I- e s t 

e d , t ^l 

e res 

t moved 

south on Co 1 

1 i ns Av 

e n u e 

toward the par 





d control vehicle was calle 

d for ,: r. . 

pos 1 1 1 o ned on 


e br i d 

ge bet 

v; e e n 


Creek Drive a 

nd Pine 


Dr ive on 41 St 

reet to 

p r e v e n 

t the 


trators from 

cross i n 

g the 

bridge and bei 


i n a 

position to 


trash the 41 


bus incss distr 

i c 

t or. 


the d 

el egato 

s return traf 

fie rou 


f rom the Co.T.p 1 


to' th 

e major hot 


At 11:05 P. M. 


he o t h 

er r e f 


to a ng 

ry mob headin 

g north 

for the 

Doral Beach Ho 

t e 

1 had 

r e a c h e 

d 23 


and Co 1 1 i ns A 


In '■ 

as nijch as all 


f the 



o o n s w s 

re i nvo 1 ved i 

n the arrests 

taking piece i 


f ront 

of the 


1 Beach 

Hote 1 , the P 

o 1 i ce T 

ac t i ci 1 

Co.Tuna nder i nqu 

i red of 

the c o m ;r, a n d 

er s of 

the P. S .0. an 

d f-1 i a m i 

plotcons what 

u n 

i ts th 

ey had 

a V i a 

labl e t 

o deal with t 

his imp 

(5 n d i n g 

p rob 1 em. P. S . 


p I atoons 8 

and 9 

, f rom 

within the Co 

.T. p 1 ex. 


(■' i e m i platoon 

1 5 


vol u n t 

ee r ed 

by the 

ir respective 

c o m m a n 


a nd the Po 1 i ce 


act i ca 

1 Cor,,'.- 

a nder 

r e q u e s 

ted they meet 

at 44 


and Collins Avenue to 

Intercept t 

he g rou 

p before it r 



Ooro 1 8c-3Ch Ho 

t e 

1 . 

A-t 11:10 P. M., the convention session concluded and the oalecates 
prepared to leave the Complex. Those with cars were able to; hc-^'. 
the charter bus drivers were reluctant to drive their buses in 
fear of being trapped by demonstrators once outside the Complex 
and risking damage to theirbuses and possible injury to them- 
selves and their passengers. Because of this situation and the 
President and Vice President personally greeting and shaking hands 
^with numerous delegates, few persons left the Convention I ex 
o n t i m e . 







I 1 



t t 


s r 
9 i 

d c 


e 2 

o t r 

: I I 

r ee 


o b 


ou t 



P. M. , 
t to 63 
ach Hot 
e ar res 

d GMOns 
e d I stu 
rcyc I e 

r sect i o 
off i cor 

1. 1 :30 
o u p s mo 
y over 



el , 

t ra 


I I i ns 

d to 
ort b 
s s t r 
H. , i 
d and 


as t 


mo V 
f ind 
ng r 
he g 


nue was still clo"sed to traffic from 
he arrests continued in front of the 

to 600 d c-mon s t ra tor s who had chosen 
Ing slowly south at about 46 Street, 
hed 41 Street and Indian Creek Drive, 

the F.H.P. Crowd Control vehicle and 
ing The bridge. They milled around In 
ocks and bottles at the officers, 
by a 9/llth wrench thrown at him. 
(■oup coming north reaciied 41 Street ard 
ether unsuccessfully tried tj^i-^ o r c e 


vi e d n o s c: ay, 23 Aug ust 1972(Cor, tinued) 

By 11:32 P. M., delegates in cars v/ere leaving the Convention 
Comp lex. The Police Tactical Coirinander advised that Collins Avenue 
was still blocked off and the delegates should be north on Alton 
Road or Pine Tree Drive to 63 Street and cone south on Collins 
Avenue from there,', if there hotels were in that area. 

At 11:35 P. M., P.S.O. platoons 3 and 9 and Mlrani platoon 15 
becjan to clear 41 Street and Indian Creek Drive by pushiing the 
demonstrators south on Indian Creek Drive, and slowly the group 
befjan to move. Some arrests v/ere made there and a van \vas sent to 
pick up fho prisoners. Arrosts ware still being made at the Dora! 
Beach Hotel, but some F.H.P. troopers were released from that seen?; 
and •■.ent to 41 Street and Collins Avenue to help push the group 
south. Soi7ie trashing began as the group headed south and rocks end 
bottles were thrown at the troopers. 

The group continued' rrioving south with' I it tie urging frcm officers. 
At 35 Street, the group stopped for a short tine then continued 
again, small groups began breaking off the main body of demonstrato.- 
and spreading out. 

At 11:46 P. M., a group of about 75 demonstrators, reportedly 
members of the Attica Brigade,- — l^t-t — ihe^park and marched north 
on Meridian Avenue, s hou 1 1 ng''^" K i I I the p i gV. " Thirty F.S.O. 
(iiotormen were sent to check tTTe group and when the demc.nstrators 
saw the motors coming, they ran back inside Flamingo Pi.rk. 

At 'T few minutes to' midnight the charter bus drivers agreed to trsn 
their buses and began to' shuttle delegates back to their hotels. 
Most of the non-delegates had left the c-roa of the Complex al- 
tho'jyh Gate 6X had to be closed for a short time at 11:46 P. M., ■.. ;■ 
20 demonstrators at.tampted to break into the Complex ar.d were 
harassing delegates attempting to leave. 

At midnight. Game and Fresh V.'ater Fish personnel at 24 Street and 
Collins Avenue made an arrest and a prisoner van was dispatched to 
them. Also, reports of a group trashing on the west end of the 
Lincoln Road Kail were received and P.S.D. platoon 3 was asked to 
i nvest i ga te. 

At 12:03 A. M., the last prisoner was removed from in front of the 
Dora I Beach Hotel and Col 1 ins Avenue was opened to northbound 
traffic. The Police Tactical Commander requested that F.H.P. 
platoons 24, 25 and 26 patrol Collins Avenue in the area of 25 
Street and requested that F.H.P. platoons 21, 22, and 23 assist w i •; 
demonstrators on Colllnp Avenue between 18 and 20 Strsets. All 
units were directed to tjse taar gas as a last resort or. ly. 

At 12:07 A. M., Miami units requested a prisoner van at 1611 
Meridian Avenue. Arrests were alio being miadj at 18 S1rfi£_t_ end 


■ cdr.c-scicv , 2 3' Augus t, 

I '■' 7 2 ( c o r, 1 i n u e d ) 

Collins Avenue and a prisoner van was ^c■ques^Gd thure. Sn-ia I I 
groups of 10 or 15 non-celegates wore seen in various areas, r.ost 
headed back to Flamingo P^rk. 

At 12:13 A. M., about 10 dcmor. strctors cttompted to bic'zk the 
driveway of the Doral Beach Hotel. Miafii Beach Police hec dq ua r t f.-r • 
was contacted and 2 zone cars ■fiore sent to investigate. Arrests 
were made and prisoner control sent o van 'to pick up the 

By 12:13 A. M., 18 Street and Collins Avenue had biien cleared end 
F.H.P. platoons 19 and 20 were sent back to their staging area. 
The Police Tactical Commander asked F.H.P. platoons 21 througn 26 
TO assume fluid patrol along Collins Avenue and Indian Creek Drive 
"to prevent the d en-ion s t ra to rs from regrouping. 

At 12:16 A. M., P.S.O. platoon 3 requested 2 prisoner vans: one tc 
Lincoln Road and Washington Avenue and another to Lincoln Road and 
Pennsylvania Avenue. 

3y 12:19 A, M., P.S.D. had cleared all non-delegates off Lincoln 
.Road, and Collins Avenue from 21 Street to 41 Street was also 

At 12:25 A. M., operator 22 at the Fo nt a i neb I ea u Hotel received a c 
tfiot there was a bomb in the hotel set to go off at 12:40 A. I-'. 
F.B.I, and Secret Service were notified and a search ' conduct :-d 
with negative results. The call was classified as a false alar-n. 

At 12:30 A. M., F.H.P. platoons 24, 25 and 26 were returned to 
their staging area, and 5 minutes later, F.H.P. platoons 21, 22 
and 23 retuiTied to their staging area. 

By 12:35 A. M. there was no non-delegate activity in the area of 
the Complex. Almost al I non-delegates were back in the park and 
police units were asked to stay away from the campsite anticipating 
that it would settle dowr). Many of the campers had already 
packed up and left and nore continued to do the same. 

At 12:37 A. M., Game and Fresh V/ater Fish personnel were relieved 
from their positions and asked to return to their staging area. 

At 12:45 A. M., P.S.D. platoons 4 and 5 were relieved from their 
positions along the fence and staged in the audiiorium. 

At I A. M., all gates were locked except Gates 2X and MX. Perscr..- 
assigned to the gates were told to remain there until r;Iievod. 
P.S.D. platoons 2 and 3 roportod no aci"Ivity on'the ''al;, and 
ware advissd to return to their staging area. P.S.D. ptatoon 27 
returned to Its staging area in Miami. .[ 

At 1:45 A. 'l^ , , Game and Fresh Water Fish personnel \/o r e-'i^i^pv i ng 
Kicini Beach parse nnel on their perimeter positions, x i ' ^ 


. ■ -- c r. c- cdey, 23 Aucust, 1972 (coriti,-. u'-- c ) 

At 2:05 A. M., P.S.O. platoons 2,5,4 anc 5 v,ere secure c and th. ey 
returned to Miami. 

lAt 2:15 A. M., Miami Beoch platoon /I \ w£/s secured. 

At 2:30 A. M., platoons 8 and 9 of P.S.D. which had beci helo over 
in case of activity In the park were secured and left -'• he 
Convention Complex. I 




National Guard units monitored police radio during tl>e last day of the 
Republican convention and produced a log of selected incidents. Several 
incidents involving use of firearms were reported. Some of these may 
have proven to be runors, but the report v.'as on the radio and probably 
contributed to the tensions at the time. 

1:25 P.M. 

Be on lookout for car b^^aring Alabama plate in?" Subject 
observed placing rifle on i^ear floor of the vehicle. 

3:31 P.M. 

Ketro spotted 3 white rr^ale hippies in 1954 red Ford 
van, Oregon plates, loading shotguns into the van. 

9:17 P.M. White van, tag ;?'/#, moving south front 41st & Collins, 
occupants armed and supposedly out to kill Nixon. 

11:00 P.M. Van is stopped by Secret Service, occupants said to be arir.ed. 

10:10 P.M. 

Miami Beach patrolman HcCormar reports black male fired 
4 shots at Miami police, 17th & James, and r.-,n north. 

10:12 P.M. \."nite male, stripe s'riirt, strip pp.nts, firing revolver, 
Jumped into Chevrolet convertible, traveling north on 
James from 17th. 

(Could that be the same Someone giving ch'as'i??) 


Thursday, 24 A ugust. 1972 

The next riorning, tho only non-delegate activity was 
of Flamingo Park as many prepared to Ic;.ve the city. 

i'o the area 

At the Convention Hall Complex, Game and Fresh Water" Fish personnel 
were relieved at 8:30 A. M. by Mia.Tii Beoch personnel and police 
security on the gates was discontinued. Several uniform squad-cars 
patrolled tha Corriplox and personnel from the Andy Frain private 
security sarvice were static nod at the only gates opened: 2X 
and MX. At noon, the Andy Frain personnel secured and the roving 
uniform squad cars were the only security force checking the perijr.o; 

City Council's authorization for non-delegates to use Flamingo Park 
as a campsite expired at noon. Some were still there at noontime, 
but it was evident that all of those remaining svfere in the process 
of packing their belongings. It was decidedto give them more 
t r oe and take no action to move them out unless it apprared that 
they had no intentions of leaving. By nightfall, all campers 
had left the park and all security forces other than that of the 
City of I'liami Beach had been secured from Convention details and 
the community relaxed. ■. . ' 


EXfflBIT No. 259 

October 5, 1973 

Mr. Robert Silverstein 

Select Coirunittee on Presidential 

.Campaign Activities 
VJashington, D. C. 

Dear Kr. Silverstein: 

In response to your letter which I received on October 1, 1973, the 
following is an account of ray experience in Miami Beach. Considering the amount 
of time that has elapsed since then, I will try to give a general account with 
attention to detail when and if it comes to mind. 

I arrived in Miami Beach late in the evening on Saturday, August 19, 1972. 
The following day I looked up ny friend, Mr. Gene Ingold, who had been placed in 
charge of the R.N.C. Press Headquarters located in the basement of the Fontainebleac 
Hotel. Mr. Ingold assigned rae various duties relating to the general operati^^ 
of the Press Room. That first day was spent getting acquainted with other workers 
and generally getting to know ray way around. 

The following day, Monday, August 22, I reported to Mr. Ingold and was 
assigned the task of making deliveries of press materials to the convention center. 
I vas provided with an official convention automobile since the distance betr^jeen 
the hotel and the Convention Hall was about four or five miles. It vas in this 
capacity that I served for the duration of the convention. 

Tne delivery of a large volume of printed matter required several trips 
per day between the Press Headquarters at the Fontainebleau and the Convention Eall. 
During those frequent trips, it was not all unusual to see groups of demonstrators 
picketing both the Fontainebleau and the various entrances to the Convention Hall. 
Although some of these demonstrators were painted to appear as skeletons and 
carried signs stating that "Nixon is a Murderer", they generally conducted 


theiiiselves in a peaceful r.anner. 

I On the final day of the Convention, the proceedings in the Press 

Room picked up a hectic pace. Everyone worked diligently throughout the day. 
I icade several trips to the Convention Hall delivering press releases and other 
printed matter that day. 

The President was scheduled to n-.ake his acceptance speech in the evening 
of that last day of the convention. On ray final delivery to the hall I was to 
take some of the girls, v;ho had worked so hard in the Press Room, along with 
me, so that they might hear the acceptance speech. As I have said before the 
pace was so hectic in the Press Headquarters that day, that no one had even 
a chance to eat. So, on our way to the Convention Hall, we decided to find 
a place to get a quick bite to eat. This is -..hen the incident which the 
committee has contacted me about occurred. The account that follows is to the 
best of my recollection. 

As we approached the intersection of 17th Street and Collins Avenue, 
we had to stop the car because a group of demonstrators was blocking our path. 
Soiae of them noticed that we were driving an official convention car. One of 
them tried to open the hood of the car and when he failed at this, he kneeled 
in front of the car and blocked our path. I lowered the window to try to reason 
with them. I was wearing an identification t^g on ray lapel v.'hich said: R.N.C. 
Press Headquarters. When one demonstrator noticed it he said, "Let them go, 
they're press." Another then pitched in saying that R.N.C. stood for Republican 
National Conniittee. They then began to taunt us, calling us "murderers" and 
using vile language. The women in the car with me became frightened at this 

time and I rolled the window up. The car then became a -i-c-ULi-iv^ point for all 

21-296 O - 74 - pt. 12 --- 24 


the demonstrators. They slashed all four tires, spit on the windovs, tore the 

official license plate off, and began to rock the car trying to turn it ever. 

They also began writing on the car with spray paint and n^ils. 

While sitting in the car; I vas amazed at how organized the demonstrators 
appeared. I saw one guy with a mill tarj'- type field radio on ahis back. Others 
had valkie- talkies and bullhorns. 

In a few minutes members of the Miami Police Depsrt.Tient arrived and 
we were able to get out of the car. The police dispersed the crowd and moved 
the car out of the intersection. We went to a nearby hotel and called the 
Press Headquarters to tell them what happened. They sent a car for the girls 
and since my hotel was close by, I returned to watch the acceptance speech on 




^i~VLe 9.. d-rz AS ce 

is ^'^ '" ^ day of 


Sworn to before me and subscribed in my pres^n'&p th 



Exhibit No. 260 


I, Howard S. Liebengood, do swear and depose that I have 
this date reviewed by telephone with Dr. Neal D. Thigpen his 
letter to the Select Committee of October 16, 1973. 

Dr. Thigpen advises that he would be willing to swear under 
oath as to the truth and accuracy of all facts and statennents made 
in the aforementioned letter, a copy of which is attached hereto. 

Howard S. Liebengood 

Washington, . 

District of Columbia ) 

Sworn to and subscribed before me this 5th day of November, 1973. 

My commission expires 10/31/78 


Siwaysjl^ifsa G^Mo 


.tLtn>.M .f r.i.tic.i sciMc. October 16, 1973 

and G*o9r«phY 

Mr- Robert Silverstein 

Assistant Minority Counsel 

United States Senate . ; 

Select Committee on Presidential 

Campaign Activities 
Washington, D. C. 20510 

Dear Mr. Silverstein: 

Please know how very much I appreciate your letter of October 5th. 
I apologize for the delay in answering, but I have been away at a profes- 
sional meeting for the last few days. 

With the Watergate scandal and the other revelations of 1973, I 
am surprised anyone really reicembers what happened to the South Carolina 
delegation in Miami Beach on the evening of August 23, 1972. The South 
Carolina delegation, of which I was one of the twenty-two delegates, was 
housed at the Saxony Hotel for the duration of the 1972 National Republi- 
can Convention (August 20, 1972~August 23, 1972). 

On the last night of the Convention, the entire delegation, which 
included delegates, alternates, wives, children, and friends, began board- 
ing our bus in front of the Saxony to proceed to the Miami Beach Convention 
Hall. I suppose there were as many as sixty-five or seventy people in the 
bus. Before everyone had boarded, the first ranks of a massive body of 
protestors marching north on Collins Avenue appeared a block or so from 
US- As they approached, they screamed, cursed, and threw various types of 
objects (eggs, stones, etc.). 

• With the bus filled, we hurriedly rounded the corner and started 
south toward Convention Hall on the street running parallel to Collins. 
The first ten or twelve blocks of the trip were fairly uneventful.. We 
passed only intermittent groups of demonstrators as we wove through 
oi>enings in police barricades composed of buses pulled into the street. 
At one point, a young demonstrator ran into the street and sat down with 
his back to the traffic. Our bus narrowly missed him, but I think an 
automobile traveling next to us did hit him. 

Up to then, we were not doing badly. At that point, however, our 
driver turned the bus left and then right onto Collins Avenue. Just why 
he did, has never been successfully explained to me. In any event, the 


Mr. Robert Silverstein -2- October 16, 1973 

traffic on Collins Avenue was almost stopped and the street and sidevalks 
were crowded with hordes of protestors. We went another block or so, and 
then the trouble started. Dozens of demonstrators poured into the street 
and physically blocked our bus. The driver attempted to move the bus 
forward but couldn't. 

The protestors then very nethodically began to put our bus out of 
coircnission. They first sprayed all of the windows with black paint so 
that it was difficult for anyone, including the driver, to see through 
them. We were able, however, to see the demonstrators using knives and 
icepicks to slash the bus' tires. In the meantime, our assailants were 
breaking the windows with bricks, stones, etc. 

While all this was happening, things inside the bus were chaotic. 
Women and children were crying. Men shouted back at the attackers and 
argued what courses of action were available to us. After much urging, 
the driver then attempted to move the bus forward again. But with the 
tires flat, it moved another half a block and came to its final resting 
place at an intersection. The demonstrators then opened the bus' rear 
hood and pulled out the gas lines. Gasoline spilled onto the street and 
ran under the bus. ^■/hen the protestors began throwing firecrackers under 
the vehicle, we decided it was time to get off the bus and take our 
chances outside. 

We agreed beforehand to stay together in a group. But that's 
exactly what we didn't do. The first fifteen or twenty of us got off 
the bus and wading into the protestors, tried to push south on Collins. 
My wife and I were among the last in this initial group which also in- 
cluded U. S. Representative Floyd D. Spence. After going a hundred or 
so feet, I turned around and sew to my horror that there was no one 
behind us but a sea of demonstrators. Everyone else from our bus, a 
much larger group of perhaps fifty individuals, had stayed together and 
moved off Collins Avenue to the right by way of an intersecting street. 
Initially they fought off the demonstrators and had things pretty rough, 
but eventually they were aided by an unidentified Black man who led them 
to a police perimeter and safety. 

Meanwhile, the smaller group moving up Collins was having its 
own difficulties.-' We tried to stay together but that became impossible. 
As we were pushed and shoved, struck by eggs, stones, and fists, and 
spit on, we found ourselves separated into twos and threes. They tore 
clothing and screamed obsenities. The slogans many of them chanted 
called either for ending the war in Vietnam or dumping President Nixon. 
In the confusion, my wife and I were temporarily separated. I finally 
was able to rescue her from a doorway where she was trapped by the mob. 
Her dress had been torn and she was hysterical./ 

We battled on for another block where several dozen policemen 
came to our assistance. Incidentally, these were the first officers we 


Mr. Robert Silvcrstein 


October 16, 1973 

had seen, with one exception, since the bus turned onto Collins Avenue, 
When we had first gotten off the bus, a lone motorcycle policeman had 
tried to help us. There wasn't much he could do, and we soon lost him 
.in the press of a horde of protestors. 

The police ushered us into the front yard of what I gather was 
a recreation center of some sort. Congressman Spence told a police 
captain he was a U. S. Representative and, shortly thereafter, a police 
vehicle took eight or ten of us to the convention site. 

Aside from what I have recounted here, I was involved in no other 
incident of disorderly conduct. In addition, I did not observe nor do I 
have any personal knowledge of illegal, improper, or unethical activities 
during the 1972 National Republican Convention. 

With kindest regards. 




Neal D. Thigpen 
Associate Professor and 
Chairman of the Department 
of Political Science and 



Exhibit No. 261 

committee for the re-election of the president 

September 23, 1972 ' 



FOR: Jeb S. Magruder 

FROM: E. D. Fallor 

SUBJECT: McGovern-Shrlver Confrontations 

On Friday, September 15, 1972, you assigned ce responsibility for 
the above project. Attached is Ken Rietz's report re the above 
subject matter for the. past v/eek. 

In addition to the items in the attached, I have personally 
endeavored to create an encounter betv.'een Shriver and a bussing- 
opponent on the bussing issue for today in Las Vegas. Anti- 
bussing_j)eople will be used in this encounter and no Republicans 
will be surfaced. ~ 

Excellent television, radio and print coverage of some of these 
events has resulted during the past week. Definite pluses for 
our campaign have resulted from the media coverage. It should 
be pointed out that other Republican types, undoubtedly, will be 
copying this week's activities on their own in their localities. 
We have no control over the activities we do not program. 

We have learned the KcGovern organization and/or the Secret 
Service has reacted to our activities. The San Gennero Festival 
in Greenwich Village, New York, Saturday night was originally 
planned as a walking tour of a fcv; blocks by McGovern. However, 
as a result of the events in Flushing, New York, on Thursday, 
September 21st, the street walk v;as cancelled and McGovern spoke in 
an area that was barricaded off. 

I have, and will, maintain continuing supervision over this pro- 
ject. Ken Smith is the key guy from YVP and I will contact other 

If you have any questions or suggestions on the above project, 
please advise. 


!; ,VA^'5) 


From September 15-22, preparation for our activities in 
providing sign carriers and leafleteers was made in Mlli-zaukce, 
Chicago, Bergen County, New Jersey, Columbus, Ohio, Detroit, 
Lansing and Flushing, New York. Chicago and Lansing 
were dropped because of the closed nature of the candidate's 
schedule. Busing quotes were distributed in Detroit outside 
a closed labor meeting. That was the only activity there 
due to the lack of public appearances. Ve began v.-ork on 
literature (hand-lettered) on Wednesday after conferring with 
Ken Kachigan. The follov/ing is a. city by city report: 

September 19 - Milwaukee : A dozen young people carrying signs 
questioning the candidate' s stands and criticizing his remarks 
about young people (which end is up?) were at the noon doiimtown 
rally. UTiile no press, coverage was generated, we do know 
we upse t the can didate. With cameras zooming in he asked one 
ot our girls v;earing a YVP button "You don't really support 
Nixon do you?" Her reply v;as classic: "Yessir. I've had 
.my head examined and I'm for Nixon now more than ever!" 
Photos of the event are attached. 

September 20 - Columbus : The reception for the candidate 
at the factory (t'ixon buttons, hats and the debaters) came 
about much the same way as in Bergen County, i.e., our people 
were alerted to check into the schedule and they assisted the 
senior committee distributing the Nixon material. However, 
as we know from the evening news and m.orning page 1 newspaper 
coverage, it did the job. 

September 20-21 - Detroit : As noted previously, mimoegraphed 
handouts attacking the candidate's busing stand vjere distributed 
to labor members entering closed meetings. 

September 21 - New York(Flushing subway siturtion) : Again , 
we had to scramble for time, but 20 young people turiied 
out V7ith Nixon signs and buttons - some with "Nixon" in Hebrew. 
The film coverage of this war. excellent on the CBS morning 
news — no matter where the camera turned, the signs were there 
along with audible chants of "Nixon Now!" and "Four more years!" 
throughout the report. Reporter Bruce Morton concluded that 
it was not a very good stop. V.'e are told an AP v.'ire story 
reported the presence of young Nixon supporters. 

We have activities planned in Seattle on Monday, Los Angeles 
on Tuesday, San Diego on V.'edncnday, and Toledo on I'riday of 
next v.'eck. Specific eveTvis \.'ill, of course, depend on the 
candidate's schedule. 





) ss. 

I, ANTHONY H. BARASH, being duly sworn declare: 
Based upon my review of the testimony of Messrs. 
Michael McMinoway and Frank Mankiewicz as set forth in Volumes 
44 and 45, respectively, of the United States Senate Report 
of Proceedings - Hearing held before Select Committee on 
Presidential Campaign Activities Senate Resolution 60, I have 
the following general and specific comments: 

Commencing on or about July 5, 197 2 and continuing 
through and including Saturday, July 15, 1972, I served as chief 
of the convention security activities for Senator McGovern's 
staff at the 1972 Democratic National Convention. In that : 
capacity, I had occasion from time to time to solicit volunteers 
to assist in the activities of the security staff, which consisted 
primarily o '^ manning a variety of security points designed to 

:ontrol traffic within the public areas of the Doral Hotel 
in Miami Bei^c^'l. Florida, and access to the campaign con- 
vention headquarters at the Miami Beach Convention Center. With 
the ex-eption of Jay Henderson, of Senator McGovern's staff, the 

security staff consisted entirely of volunteers recruited in 
iami Beach from available resoiirces. With one exception, none 
of the volunteer security personnel had any formal police or 
security training, and they were not called upon to perform any 
services requiring such training. Their duties consisted almost 
exclusively of c'ecking requests'*f or admittance to various 
meetings or private areas against lists of invited guests or 


others previously determined to be allowed into such areas. 
Under no circumstances were any such security personnel requested 
or permitted to admit persons to otherwise secure areas without 
prior clearance from specific members of the McGovern campaign 
staff. With the exception of messenger functions, at no time 
were members of the security staff permitted or requested to 
enter or remain in secured areas. 

On or about Saturday, July 9, 1972, Michael W. 
McMinoway volunteered his services as a member of the security 
staff. After a brief interview during which he stated that he 
was from Louisville, Kentucky, was a salesman for his father's 
firm, and therefore, able to devote time to political activities, 
had previously worked in the Humphrey campaign but had determined 
to support Senator McGovern, was available to work at any time 
during the duration of the convention, and was known by members 
of the campaign staff from Washington, he was asked to join the 
security staff. It is my recollection that Tom Southwick of the 
McGovern staff confirmed that he knew Mr. McMinoway from Washington. 
Mr. McMinoway 's social security number was solicited and delivered 
to the Secret Service for a routine check consistent with the 
practice which had been established. There was no further report 
from the Secret Service with respect to Mr. McMinoway. No other 
security clearance efforts or investigations were made with 
respect to any volunteer security personnel, including 
Mr. McMinoway. 

References in the following refer to the transcript of 
the testimony of Michael W. McMinoway in a hearing held on 
Wednesday, October 10, 1973 before the Senate Select Committee 
on Presidential Campaign Activities: 

Page 8666, 1. 16-25. As noted above, Mr. McMinoway 

Editor's Note-- Transcrlpt Pae ; e Book 11 Paee 
8666 4487 


identified himself as a salesman from Louisville, contrary to 
his testimony. 

Page 8693, 1. 15-22. The security person assigned at 
any point in time to the 17th floor was stationed at the Secret 
Service security table located at the stairwell entrance to the 
17th floor. His duties consisted solely of determining whether 
persons seeking access to the 17th floor appeared on a list which 
was permanently located at that table. The list consisted of 
the names of those persons who were resident on the 17th floor, 
plus a limited number of other persons who were given access to 
the 17th floor on a routine basis. Any person seeking admittance 
to the 17th floor whose name did not appear on that list was 
required to be specifically cleared by Messrs. Gary Hart, Frank 
Mankiewicz or Gordon Weil. The security staff was not empowered 
independently to clear access to the 17th floor. 

Page 8694, 1. 14-23. At no time was any security staff 
member cleared to enter any room on the 17th floor unless spec- 
ifically invited to enter. No security person could enter Senator 
McGovern's suite without specific clearance from Senator McGovern, 
or Messrs. Hart, Weil or Mankiewicz. 

Pages 8695-8697. At no time was the possession of a 
button of any color sufficient to enable any person to enter the 
17th floor or any private rooms on the 16th floor. Access to 
the 17th floor was limited to persons whose names appeared on a 
specific list maintained by the Secret Service or specifically 
authorized to enter the 17th floor by Messrs. Hart, Weil or 
Mankiewicz. Blue buttons were given to persons resident on the 
17th floor or visiting on the 17th floor with permission 
solely for the purposes of enabling them to move about the 

Editor's Note-- Transcript Page Book 11 Page 
8693-8697 4497-4A99 


floor without challenge. Similarly, red buttons were given to 
certain people who had reason for frequent access to the 16th 
floor. White buttons and gold buttons were distributed indis- 
criminately, in effect, as campaign souvenirs. At no time were 
persons wearing any buttons permitted access to the 17th floor 
solely by reason of the possession of a particular button or 
badge. The Secret Service was not requested to acknowledge the 
possession of any button or badge for any purpose. Mr. McMinoway 
was issued buttons to enable him to perform his services as a 
volunteer member of the security staff. 

Page 8699, 1. 7-24. At no time was any member of the 
security staff, in his capacity as a member of the security staff, 
requested to chauffeur delegates. 

Pages 8707-8709. Mr. McMinoway was known to members of 
the McGovern campaign staff as a volunteer from Washington, and 
he identified himself to me in that fashion. The routine Secret 
Service information was obtained and processed, but no other in- 
vestigation of his background or credentials was made, in reliance 
upon his representation that he was a volunteer who supported 
Senator McGovern and had prior experience with other Democratic 
candidates for President before becoming a McGovern supporter 
prior to the convention. It was neither feasible nor felt 
necessary to specifically perform a political background invest- 
igation on every volunteer at the convention. 

Page 8749, 1. 24-25. At no time did I hire Mr. Mc- 
Minoway or did he serve as my deputy. Mr. McMinoway volunteered 
as a member of the security staff and served in that position, 
without further responsibility or supervisory duties. 

Page 8750, 1. 3-13. As one of many volunteers, Mr. 

Editor's Note-- Transcrlpt Page Book 11 Page \ 

8699 4499 

8707-8709 4502-4503 

8749-8750 4520 


McMinoway was requested to begin performing his duties as soon 
as possible. His prior experience as a volunteer had been 
verified by persons who knew him from Washington, and it was 
common for volunteers to begin working prior to the completion 
of the Secret Service security clearance. To the best of my 
knowledge, he manned a security post on the 16th or 17th floor 
on the evening of July 8 and on the afternoon of July 9. It 
is my further recollection that from the evening of July 9 
through the morning of July 12, he was absent, although he 
previously committed to work various periods during that time. 
During July 12, my principal activities were involved with the 
daylong demonstration in the lobby of the Dcral Hotel, After 
the conclusion of that demonstration, my time was spent at the 
Convention Center. Accordingly, I have no recollection of Mr. 
McMinoway 's presence or absence on July 12. My time during the 
afternoon of July 13 was spent primarily on the 17th floor of 
the Doral Hotel participating in certain arrangements in con- 
nection with the arrival and departure of the proposed vice 
presidential nominee and in connection with the security arrange- 
ments and guest list for a party to be held after the conclusion 
of the activities at the Convention Center that evening. At no 
time during that afternoon, and specifically, at no time during 
the period when Senator Eagleton was on the 17th floor, do I 
recall Mr. McMinoway ' s presence. 

Page 8785, 1. 1-4. Contrary to the testimony, Mr. 
McMinoway did, in fact, approach me to volunteer for a position 
on the security staff. I am not aware that any member of the 
McGovern campaign staff recruited him for that job. 

References in the following refer to the transcript 

Editor's Nnt-^-- Transcrlpt Page Book 11 Pa^e 
8785 4532 


of the testimony of Frank Mankiewicz, Thursday, October 11, 
1973, before the Senate Select Committee on Presidential 
Campaign Activities : 

Page 9014, 1. 20-23. The buttons to which Mr. 
Mankiewicz referred were distributed by the Secret Service to 
a very limited nvunber of people and were not the buttons 
referred to by Mr. McMinoway. At no time could or would Mr. 
McMinoway have received any of those buttons except from the 
Secret Service. The buttons Mr. McMinoway referred to were 
in fairly general circulation and did not provide access to 
the 17th floor, as noted. 

I declare under penalty of perjury that the foregoing 
is true and correct. 

ExecuJ;ed this^ ^^ day of January, 1974, at Los Angeles, 
California. - . 


Subscribed to and sworn 
before me this jt"^ 
day of January , 1974 . 

Notary Public in and for 
said county and state, 

Oin=»ClA4- SEAL 






Editor's Note-- Transcript Page Book 11 Page 
9014 4617 



Illlllillllli , 

3 9999 06313 325 8